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British Columbia Federationist Oct 27, 1922

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH-
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
FOURTEENTH YEAR.   No. 38
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27,1922
POLITICAL PNITYt  VICTORY
$2.50 PER YEAR
BOOT m.
\
Fed. of Labor Appoin, $ Exchange Rate Is High
Committee to Secure
Release of Magon
■:\\
But  Industries
Collapse
Protests Against Holding
of Political
-    Prisoners:
tBy F. W. Leighton]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mexico City—Indignation here
against the lnhuamn action of the
United States government ln the
oases of Mexican political prisoners In the United Statos Is mounting. The Grupo Pro PresoB (amnesty group) is rapidly increasing
Its propaganda campaign among
Mexican workers for the release of
Magon, Rtveria and others.
The recent convention of the
Mexican Federation of Labor, appointed a.committee of three to
help In the work of Magon's release, and sent urgent telegrams
to Samuel Gompers and to President Obregon. The forthcoming
convention of the Genoral Federation of Workers (red unions) is
expected to take more drastic action with the possibility of a general strike or a boycott of American products. The General Federation of Workers, through Its control of the street car men, jitney
drivers, electrical, waterpower and
telephone workers, bakers and textile operatives in Mexico City and
the federal district la able to paralyze the capital.
The railroad unions also are
showing activity for tho freedom of
Magon. The last number of Trains
nnd Wires, official organ of the
Mutual Society of Railway Telegraphers and Despatches, contains
copk-i of Mngon s recent letters and
the correspondence between United
States Attorney General Daugherty
and Attorney Harry Weinbergor of
New York City, counsel for Magon,
ln which the former states that iuw
ls a dangerous time to release Magon.
Mngon's urother, who is a lawyer of thiB city, and who ls not in
accord with Wagon's political Ideas,
has sent a letlor to Secretary of
Labor Pavls, pleading with him to
use hfs Influence for the release of
Magon. TIvj letter states that poUtlcal r-rtsoiierii Incarcerated for
their Ideas during the war have in
all other countries been release!;
that even in the U. S. Debs and
others have been freed. Magon Is
very 111, official reports from Leavenworth to Washington to the contrary vnotwithstanding. His brother
offers to pay Magon's transportation to Mexico City aud says he
will offer him a homo while he recuperates.
Secretary Davis in a laconic two-
line letter, dated Sept. 30, replied
that he would look Into the matter.
Carpenters  Take  Stand
Against Non-union
| Products
The regular meeting of Local 452
of tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners was held on
Monday evening and was fairly well
attended, and much business was
transacted.
It was reported that the carpenters of Everett, Wash., had
made a demand for 18.00 per day.
An appeal for the local striking
shopmen on the Great Northern
was received, but the local had already donated $50.
The label committee report with
respect to the building trades dance
was recoived and the sum of $5
donated to the committee.
The chiroprators' bill, which is
to be presented to tht Provincial
House at the next session, was endorsed.
A report from the Trades and
Labor Council, to the effect taht
- Jas. Thomson's Twin Bute overalls were not carrying the union
label, caused considerable discussion, and it was decided to forward
a letter to Jas. Thompson & Sons,
to the effect that no member would
purchase Twin Bute overalls until
unton conditions were established
In the factory, and the union label
on the goodB produced by the Arm.
Considerable routine business
was transacted and mombers urgod
to fight to maintain the present
standard of wages and to follow
the lead of Everett carpenters and
seek better pay ln the spring of
1923.
A large order for Shipwrights
was received by Business Agent.
Hardy during the week, and owinf
to members of the organization not
having registered as shipwrights,
lie had some difficulty In securing
the men on short notice. Shlpv
Wrights ore therefore requested to
register with the business agent ns
toon as possible.
Refuse to Load Troopship
The London dockers refused to
load a troopship. It was transferred to Portsmouth. Unfortunately,
the rank and file men tn the London docks were not In touch with
the rank and file In Portsmouth, In
which case thoy would have notified their comrades to look out for
the ship and refuse to load tt. The
London men do not know what
happened to the ship at Portsmouth.
Patronize  Fed  AdverMMfs
\ % nployment and Low
■ § ages Prevail and
Workers Starve
[By Paul Hoyer]
(European Cor. Federated Press)
Prague, Czechoslovakia—A terrible industrial crisis ls on ln Czechoslovakia. Paradoxical as it may
seem, this crisis comes at a time
when the Czechoslovakia crown,
figured in terms of world exchango,
has shown a phenomenal improvement, the crown of today being
worth 3% times of what it was.last
November.
In other words, the situation of
Czechoslovakia is becoming anala-
gous to that of Switzerland or Holland, both of them countries of
high exchange. Both countries are
virtually choking in their own gold
and In their manufactured wares.
As In the case of theBe two countries, ao also in the case of Czechoslovakia, the nearest neighbors—
Germany, Austria, Poland, Jugoslavia—canont afford to buy her
goods.
Here are a few facts to illustrate
the situation: The entire glass industry of northern Bohemia has
collapsed. Over 13,000 workers In
this industry are out of employment; some 20,000 find work only
for from two to three days per
week.
The coal mines of Kladno are
now working but four days per
week.
In Reichenberg and other western Chechoslovakian mining districts 22,000 organized workers
have been dismissed for lack of
wort.
At Komotau, where there are
some 922 industrial workers, only
110 are still at work.
In short, from every section of
tho country reportB come to Prague, the capitnl, to the effect that
plants are closing down, that wage
agreements are being abrogated by
the bosses, and that workers are
being dismissed in wholesale fash-
Ion. Over half a million workers
have been thrown upon the streets
Out of this has developed the
unusual situation of thousands of
workers seeking employment in
Germany, and Austria, despite the
low exchange In these two lmpov
erished lands.
The industries, besides the glass
industry, that are most affected are
the porcelain, metal, chemical, ceramic, wood nnd leather industries.
In the textile industry only 40 per
cent, of the normal number of
workers are employed.
As is usual In such cases, the
workers are getting lt In the neck
Worse lhan other parts of the population. For, not only are they suffering from unemployment, and
not only are many compelled to
accept lower wages because of the
critical condition of Industry, but
thero ls this further circumstance
that, while the crown is worth 350
per cent, of what it was worth last
November, prices have gone down
only 10 per cent.
Rock Island, 111.-—The Trl-City
Federation of Labor haa instructed
its delegates to the convention of
the Illinois State Federation of
Labor, meeting In Rockford, to
work for amalgamation of the craft
unions.
STRIKERS ARE
Local Railroad Workers
: Get Assistance from
Unions
The local strikers at the Great
Northern Shops are still on tho job
and there has been no deflections.
The staff now working at the
roundhouse Is double that which It
was before the strike, and while
the officials claim that things are
now about normal, the business
houses of Vancouver are suffering.
as there Is only one freight car
available while twenty are needed.
From Indications It would appear that there aro as many cars
In existence after four months of
strife as there were before tho
strike/ but the mechanical equipment is away below standard ln
splio of the efforts of the "replacement man." As an Indication of
the conditions, there Is a coach In
the yar.ds which has been on the
licks for at least three weeks, and
lis likely to stay there owing to the
Inability of tha men who are working to get the job finished.
. The local men aro being encouraged by the reports which are coming from south of the line, ono of
which states that there are a hundred and one roads now signed up,
and while the most of theso roads
operate In tho middle territory, the
western linos ore now negotiating.
Another report is to the effect that
when the Chicago-Milwaukee signed up, nine thousand scabs were
laid off and union men taken on In
thetr places.
Many local unions are subscribing to the local strike fund, but
more assistance Is needed, and an
appeal has been mnde by the Central Labor body to thc local unions
for financial ussiBtahcc, All money
should be sent to A. Fraser, 319
Pender Street West.
THE LONG AND flE SHORT OF IT
OWING TO THE
_ __ ^ fQQtfO   JO
B. C. LABOR AND
Fight Is Being Waged for
Local Products and
Labor
Vancouver has been for some
time Interested in the boosting of
B. C.-made goods. On every hoarding, on light standards, and in the
press, there havo appeared from
time to time slogans -which hnve
called on the people to patronize
home industries. Yet the local
labor organizations are compelled
to take notice of the fact that
Amorican firms are being considered when a public franchise is to
be given for the establishment of
a central heating plant.
Business Agent Smylie of the
Plumbers has been active In bringing to the attention of the organized labor movement the claims of
the local firm, which has promised
that union labor only will be employed and preference given to material produced In the country.
The local company intimated a
desire to have the follow ing clause
inserted In the franchise: "The
company agrees to employ British
Columbia labor and to purchase, as
far as possible, all matorial manufactured for the purpose In British
Columbia, and the remainder of
the material required, In the Dominion of Canada and Great Britain."
In the Franchise drawn up by
the city solicitor, this clause Is not
embodied, but the company Is
bound to "ENDEAVOR TO USE"
and give preference In the purchase
of plant, supplies, and materials
and goods or products to those
grown, developed, or manufactured or REPRESENTED by AGENTS
In tho Province of British Columbia. A very different thing to the
clause agreeable to the locnl company.
It may appear strange to the
average citizen, but the American
firm has two persons seeking the
franchise, both representing wings
of the same company. One represents the Taeoma American District Steam Company and the other
the Washington District Steam
Company and local labor Is asking,
why should any American company
be given greater latitude to exploit
the franchise and the workors who
will be employed in the undertaking than the local company desires. The answer can possibly be
supplied by thc City Council. It Is,
however, understood that Alderman Pettlplece is strongly in favor
of the attitude taken by organized
labor and that Alderman Scrlbblns
may yet announce that he ls also ln
line.
Paris—Tho 23-hour Btrike of
seamen In Franco ln protest against
the governments' decree suspending the eight-hour day law of 1919,
was unsuccessful. "Since wo are to
bo treated like British seamen,"
states Secretary Rivelll of tho Reformist Seamen's Federation, "we
shall first demand to be paid British wages in British money." On
hearing of this Under-Secretary of
State for the Mercantile Marine Dlo
exclaimed, "Why, that will be
worse than a strike."
Buy at a union nnw,
SECOND LABEL
E
Big  Crowd  Turns  Out
to Educational
Dance
The second dance of the season
of the label committee of the Vancouver Trades und Labor Council,
held at the Alexander Dancing Pavilion, on Friday last, was more
than a success. It was well attended, the music was of the best,
and everybody had a good time,
and on all sides praise of the efforts and achievements of tho committee were to bo heard.
The whist drive also attracted
many, nnd there was not any more
room than was necessary to accommodate those who wished to take
I
IHE
part In the drive.   The prizes were ' ers.
Vancouver   Workers   to
Commemorate Russian
Historical Event
November 7, 1922, is tho fifth
anniversary of the Russian proletarian revolution, and will be fittingly commemorated In Vancouver by thoso workers who have
recognized the Importance of that
historic event, by a whist drive and
dance in thc Clinton hall.
Arrangements for this celebration
have been undertaken by a commit-
too composed of representatives of
the Workers Party of Cannda, the
South Vnncouver Labor League, the
Society lor Technical Aid for Soviet Russia and the Finnish Work-
of a valuable nature and all of a
useful character.
The prizes for the whist drive
were won by the following: First,
ladles', MrB. Hardy; second lalles*,
Mrs. Alty; while the booby prize
for the gentler sex wns won by Miss
Griffiths. Mr. J. W. French won
the first prize for gents; the second
and booby prizes going to Mr. Wagner and A. C. Reld, respectively.
the next dance will be held at
the same place on Friday, Novem-.
ber 17, when the transportation'
trades are to be the feature of the
whlBt drive and dance, and their
membors are expectod to show
their Interest ln tho work of the
committee.
Good prizes have been provided
for the whist drive, and the music
will be of the best for the dance,
jit ls also expected that there will
be other features In keeping with
the occasion.
j President McPnrland of the International Typographical Union
reports that fourteen shops complied with the union terms In the
month of September, and that since
the commencement of the strike
movement for the 44-hour week
the sum of $11,278,415.37, all raised
hy assessments, had been disbursed. In September the sum paid
out to those still un strike
amounted to $140,414.71.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
The United Brotherhood of Car-*
penters has now a membership of
323,104. Thero are 231S local
unions, 146 district councils and 25
stato councils and 77 ladi-is* auxiliaries
The Winnipeg Trades and Labor
Council, has endorsed the resolution circulated by the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, calling
on Trades Congress to oppose any
participation ln any war.
El Centro, Cal.—Judge M. W.
Conkllng discovered what a real
rebel Is like when he offered Rot-
coe Thurman, I. W. W. member,
convicted of criminal syndicalism,
probation on condition that he renounce his social and economic beliefs, "I would far rather serve 14
years in San Quentin'," Thurman
Immediately told the judge.
Kobe, Japan—Russia day was
observed in Kobe Sept. 10 to collect
funds for Russian relief, Ahout
30,000 handbills wero distributed
by local Socialists, lecture mootings
wore held at severnl points and
subscriptions sought. The movement was cloely watched by the
local police.
Stockholm, Sweden-—At the endj
of 1921 the Swedish Co-operative
Union had 1928 co-operative socle-:
ties affiliated with it, representing
a membership or 255,000, each one
the head of a family. This Is equl-
.■_-i_-*t in one-sixth of the popula
tion. The co-operative movement
now occupies so Important a position in the affairs of Sweden thnt
at the 23rd congress of the ■ Cooperative Union here recently, the
government was represented by
Premier Brantlng and by two cabinet ministers.
Detroit — When Scott Nearing
lectures on Irrepressiblo America
hore Oct. 29, under the auspices of
ithe Socialist Pnrty, the Detroit
News will broadcast a speech by
Nearing over the radio service of
that papor.
, Sydney, N. S. W. — Seamen's
wages have been fixed by the arbitration court as follows: Able seamen, $76.75 per month; ordinary
seamen (under 18 years), $40.75;
ordinary seamon (over 18 years),
$53; donkeymen, $91; greasers and
firemen, $96.75. In addition, able
seamen are allowed $2.50 per
month for uniform, while the men
arc to havo the option of having
bedding provided or of being allowed an extra 75 cents per month.
Committee   for   Central
Unemployed  Wants
Work Started
The unemployment conference
committee was augmented at the
last meeting held on Thursday, the
19th, by several delogates from
local unions, and reports Indicated
that the unemployed situation was
getting worso and that something
would have to be done for the unemployed In the near future.
The Vancouvor Centre unemployed requested the committee to secure a hull for their meeting on
Sunday, the 22nd. This matter was
left In thc hands of the chairman
and secretary.
A- resolution demanding that the
government assist the unemployed
by opening up work on the dry-
dock and the Narrows bridge was
passed without dissent.
A resolution cnlling on the
trndes unions to compell their unemployed members to join the unemployed organizations was presented and after considerable discussion was passed.
A call from the National unemployed organization for a conference to be held in Winnipeg was
read and caused considerable debate, during which it was pointed
out that thero should be a national
clearing house for tho purpose of
organizing the unemployed on a
national basis, and for the supplying of information to the secretaries of all local unemployed organizations. It was decided thnt
the proposal be endorsed and that
fraternal greeting., bo sent to tho
National conference, which ts to bo
held next month. Another meeting of thc committee will be held
on Thursday, November 2nd, at 8
p.m., in tho City Hall,
Pekin—President Tsnl, and tht
faculty of Pokln University, entertained Adolf Joffe, thc Russian envoy recontly, Toasting tho guest,
Tsal said China is entering the
period of social revolution destined
to follow the political revolution
from which sho has successfully
emerged. He said she eagerly expects to learn much from Russin,
who fs regarded as a pioneer In that
direction.
Tl ■ Federated Press
(Australian Bureau)
Sydney, N. S, Wales.—Due to the
united front campaign launched by
tho Labor Council of New South
Wales, iron trades unions have
been able to successfully resist attempts by tho employors to reduce
wages. Other unions arc now
adopting the unltod front methods
which have proved successful in
the ense of the ironworkers.
Meanwhile the Labor Council Is
extending its machinery to carry
on the workers' united front campaign. It Is co-ppcratlng with the
Australian Lnbor Party, Communist, und Socialist parties, In order
to get all the workers into lino on
the question of opposing any reduction in wages or increase In
working hours.
St. Louis—Union brewers and
masters here aro negotiating with
their employers to renew their present wage scale and working agreement, which will explro Nov. 1,
1922.
EVERY HEADER CAN HELP
^Every reader of Tlio Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their mibsortp-
limiN as soon as they nre due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It doctt not take much
effort to do thts.   Try It.
Events Seem to Bear Out
What Appears Preposterous Theory
Prices Go Up Out of Pro*
portion with Drop
in Currency
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dtr. Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany—There ts a persistent rumor in Berlin to the effect
that the recent colossal drop in the
mark, by which for a time one
could buy 2600 marks for the dollar, while its former worst position
had been 800, was engineered by
big business for no other purpose
than "to show Labor Its place."
The theory is advanced that, by
dropping thc mark so low, the
manufacturers, dealers in the necessaries of life, and business men
ln general could fix their prices at
three to four times their former
height; that this would affect Labor so directly and Immediately
that workers, out of fear of losing
their jobs and thereby being deprived even of their starvation
wages, would the more readily accept the dictates of the boBBes; and
that then, after the mark had been
allowed to climb again, these prices
would still be maintained.
Bear Out Theory
The rumor at first seemed preposterous. Yet things are happen
ing dally which would seem to
bear out the theory. For one
thing, the mark has risen again,
From 2600 to the dollar It rose to
only 1250 or 1300. In other words,
the mark, measured.ln foreign exchange, is worth double what tt
was during the closing days of August. But the cost of the necessities of life .has not dropped accordingly. On the contrary, prices today reflect the panic of the 2600-
to-the-dotlar days.
More than thnt, certain firms announce that their prices, while calculated on the basis of the ex
change of the day on which a sate
is made, will collect a surcharge tn
case the mark is lower on the day
of delivery.
Food Riots
It ts business principles such as
these that are deeply stirring the
people. Food riots are becoming
tho order of the day.
In Hamborn, an industrial town
of several thousand population, the
workors resorted to direct action.
All factions—the General Federation of Free Trade Unions, the Majority Socialists, the Independent
Socialists, the Communists, thc
Syndicalists, the Federation of Employees, the Christian Trade Unions,
the Union Head and Hand Workers (Communist Labor Party), and
tho Hlrsch-Dunkcr Trade Unions,
sent a join delegation to the Merchants' Association and demanded
that prices be fixed In accordance
with a tabic of calculations that
the workers had themselves agreed
upon. There wns nothing else for
the merchants to do except to
agree and Jointly with the workers' organizations thoy signed a
proclamation to the people of Ham-
born, In which the prices for the
necessaries of life are announced,
New Schedule
Tho schedule provides for a 40
per cent, reduction of all eatables
and drinkables, and a 20 per cent.
(Continued on page 2)
Arbitration Comes in for
Much Criticism in
Australia
Russians Are Endeavoring to Re-establish
Industry
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Some indications of
the giant effort now under wny In
IMiHslii to re-establish Industry and
commerce arc presented by the
Friends _t Soviet Russia as follows:
Hnlf a million poods of absostos
are on the way for export to tier-
many. The Petrograd foreign trade
department Is shipping to Esthonia
a large consignment of Trcugolnllt
rubbers. Thc Crmlea Is enjoying a
record vintage harvest. Grapes are
being sold at 30 rubles a pound,
which Is extremely cheap. The
government tobacco trust has received from Englnnd an order for
10,000,000 Petrograd cigarettes.
Tho electrification of the Bakh-
mut slate region, which is expected
to increase production, is nearing
completion. Another consignment
of art products has bcen exported
to England by the state potteries.
About 18,000,000 poods of coal
have arrived In Petrograd since the
opening of navigation.
Tho Scbnstopot branch of the
Lloyd-Trlestlno shipping concern
hns received 3000 poods of foreign
freight from Italy.
Tokio—The children of the Kufe
Arsenal workers rosent the faet
that the arsenal cars which are
supposed to be used for injured
laborers are used for pleasure by
the olllclals. The children have
lately developed the habit of stoning all arsenal ears. On Wednesdny not recognizing Prince Hlro-
yoshl Fushimi, who wns using one
of the arsenal cars on his way to n
banquet given in his honor, the
children Indulged In their usual
pastime,   He escaped injury.
Efforts to Reduce Wages
of Workers Are Being
Restricted
[By W. Francis Ahern]    .
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia—The future of the Australian Commonwealth court of arbitration and
conciliation Is a matter for speculation. Since itB creation in 1904,
lt has had the uncompromising
hostility of the bulk of the employing class. During the last twelve
months that hostility has been intensified. Arguing that the court
does not reduce wages fast enough
or low enough, the employers are
now moving for Its abolition.
Following the charge by employers that the president of the court,
Higgins, was favorable to the workers, the anti-labor federal government made his position as president of the court unbearable, forcing him to resign. One of his last
acts before resigning, the granting
of the 44-hour week to certain Industries, particularly Incurred the
wrath of tht employers and government.
The government then passed an
amending act, prohibiting the court
from awarding 44 hours unless decided by three judges. The Labor
members of the government were
able to secure an amendment excluding the three-judge court fro/
cases upon which actual evidence
on the hours question was heard
before an amending act became
law. Thts amending act was passed at the request of the employers.
Then came the drop In prices.
The employers demanded that the
two extra judges be appointed at
once. The government obeyed, and
the three judges got to work immediately, not to hear applications
from the unions for the 44-hour
week, but to reduce wages because
of the fall In prices.
Apparently the court ts not moving fast enough for the employers.
The unions have succeeded in drawing their cases out to extreme
length preventing the employers
from rushing too many cases to the
court for reduced wages. Now, as
a final fling, the employers are demanding the abolition of the court
in order that there will be no bar
In the way of their reducing wages,
now that advantage can be taken
of the wholesale unemployment existing in the country ut the present
time.
One dollar and fifty cents Is tht
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
ATTEMPT 10
Coal Miners Call on All
Classes to Achieve
object
(By the Federated Press)
Auckland, N, Z.—In common
with all othor countries, the people
of Now Zealand are awakening to
the stern necessity of attempting
to prevent future wars. On the anniversary of the world war, the
New Zealand Coal Miners Federation carried a special resolution,
as follows:
"Wo. the executive body of the
Now Zealand Coal Miners Federation, In session assembled, knowing
as we do that war brings in Its
trnin all tho horrors and privations
that affect humanity, nnd having In
mind the widows' tears, the mothers' broken hearts, and the Bad
spectacle of maimed and broken
manhood, and also realizing that
when the world Is torn and bleeding the financial crisis and the Industrial depression supervene to
make it more thnn ever difficult
for the tolling mnscs to gain the
necessities of life, do hereby pledge
ourselves in future to do everything possible to prevent war from
taking plnee, and wc call on all
classes to assist us In achieving this
objective."
(By The Federated Press)
The Hague, Holland.—By making the railway workers serve
longer hours, accept lower pay,
and agree to the postponement of
the pensions regulations recently
issued, the directors of the Dutch
railways wnnt to wipo out the present deficit on the railways. The
railway workers are united In
(heir opposition. Contrary to their
usual practice of keeping aloof
from each other, the unions of
rnilwny men hnvo formed a Joint
committee of nction which is conducting public meetings and issuing manifestoes. The unions
which hnve Joined are Dutch unton
of Railway and Tramworkers,
Roman Catholic St. Raphael unton
of Railway Workers, the Protest-
anti-Chrlstian Union, the Neutral
union and the Officials' union.
Berlin—Hugo Stlnnes, the Germnn Gary, hns widened his control
upon public opinion by purchasing
tho conservntivo Taegllche Rund-
shau, which found Itsolf ln financial difficulties. Stinnes now has
two large dallies In Berlin at hit
disposal—the Deutscho Allgemeine
Zeitung nnd tho Taegliche Rund-
shau. PAGE TWO
Fou-._E--.m_ yeah. NO.-S   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vakco-jver.
FBIDAY October 27,  1922
illSH HUM FEDERATIO
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Eederationist.
Bustnesti Olllce:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Oflico:    Room 300, 319 Pender Streot West
Editorial Board:    P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
J. M. Chirk, George Burtley.
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, $3.00
per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six
months; to Unions subscribing ln a body, 16c per
member per month.
■t Labor:, The Hope of tho World ,
FRIDAY..
..October  27,   192S
i ue j. o.itical Sword in Great
Britain
r[J_N tlie Lloyd George govcrnivi-t resigned,
tho leader of it suggested that lie had
drawn the sword against his political opponents
in thc ranks of the ruling class.   But the new
government lias evidently declared war on the
workers who are seeking to bring about a political, and later an economic change, in society.
Winston Churchill, from a sick bed, hurl, defiance at tho workers in thc following words:
"1 shall ask the electors to authorize me
to co-operate freely with the sober-minded
and progressive Conservatives in defending the lasting and central interests of this
realm and its wide empire against the dangerous attacks now about to be levelled
upon them by the Socialist and Communist forces, as well as the almost equally
serious menace of downright reaction from
thc opposing quarter."
* »      •
Being onc of thc old school of politicians,
Churchill recognizes that cxtremo reaction
.tends to develop the, revolutionary tendencies
of the workers, so he couples his threats to the
wealth producers, with words of caution to his
friends. But from the press wc learn that
there is to bc no hiding of the issue of thc election, for it announces through Associated Press
dispatches that:
"Thc Conservative Party campaign will
bc one against Socialism, judging from the
flood of propaganda boing released from
ithe Unionist central headquarters. 'Safety First; Vote Conservative' will bo tho
slogan and among the watchwords are 'Be
Safe Under the Unionists, Not Sorry Undor Socialism,' and 'No Hands Up to the
Reds; Socialism Is thc Red Route to
Ruin'."
,   •      *      *
To those Labor leaders in tho British Isles,
and on this continent, who think that
there is a common ground on which capital and
Labor can get together, such news items must
bc disconcerting. They must bc more than embarrassing to those, who in thc days when the
world was "torn by red ruin," and bloody
battlefields were held up to thc workers as
hallowed places, accepted honors from thc
class which has now thrown away all disguises
and stands revealed as lined up against the
workers, and the implacable enemy of progress
and the working class which it has exploited,
and whose members it has murdered in thc interests of profits.
* *      •
British workers are conservative. They do
not move very fast,- and for centuries they have
beon tho slaves of a ruthless ruling class, which
has exploited them to the limit. But they aro
turning. Thoy aim to threaten thc power of
thcir rulers, and arc no longer dumb, but are
organizing and learning that the fight is a class
fight, and realize thnt there will bn no mercy,
shown, nnd because of this fact, the master class
has decided to wage open warfare ngain.'it the
orgimcd workers, and for that purpose has decided on a new political alignment within its
own ranks. But the workers have nothing to
fear from this. Such slogans as adopted by thc
ruling class will uncover the real purposes and
rulo of thc British governmont, and all thc
workers need to do today is to say, in the words
_f John 0. Noihardt:
Wc aro the workers and makers!
We aro no longor dumb!
Tremble, 0 Shirkers and Takers!
Swooping the earth—wc come!
Ranked in the world-wide dawn,
Marching into thc day!
The night is gone and the sword is drawn,
And the scabbard is thrown away.
The Minimum Wage Law and
the Employers
^,ORKERS in B. C, expected much from the
Minimum Wage Act; in faet, the womon
workers to whom it applies imagined that the
millenium had dawned. But, like all other
hopes of the workers, thoy were blasted and
dissipated by the actual facts. Women and
girls who have tried to take advantago of this
law so that they oould obtain a living wago,
havo found that the aet itself does not give
them the protection thoy had expected.*. The
apprentice clause, which provides for tho taking eare of thc wagos of those who are not supposed to be competent to curry on the work
which they are engaged for, is nothing more or
less than a loophole through which the employers can crawl aud escape the payment of
the minimum wago on whieh a girl or woman
can livo.
* *      *    ,
On Wednesday, the press intimated that thc
••employers were seeking thc elimination of
this clause. To the uninitiated this move would
look as if it was designed to benefit the
women workers of thc provinco. But nn examination of the proposals of thc omployers reveals the nature of their intentions. In thc
past it has been necessary for the employers to
obtain a license in order to employ apprentices,
some of whom have been long past tire age
when they could bc looked upon ns learners.
But the apprentice wage looked very attractive to the employors, ns apprentices nre
cheaper than the workor who is classified as
efficient, and so tho apprentice system spread
nnd licenses were issued.
* .      *
While the press intimates that labor and the
employers should have more representation on
the Minimum Wago Hoard, I lie labor represcn-
lativis t» be choson by thc employer,"!, the real
intention is to eliminate the license foi  ap
prentices and to allow the employers to engage
n\\ the help thoy want .without restrictions aa
to the minimum wage. In other words, to allow the employers to evade the minimum wage
law and mako the whole thing a farce. Girls
who have been employed in the past and who
have not been paid the minimum wago have
feared to make a kick for foar of losing thcir
job..; they have had to aet as prosecutor
against their own employers; they have as a
result of this taken that which the gods, in
the shape of thcir omployers, have offered, although they havo not boen able to exist on the
wages given. Instnnce after instance ean be
given of girls a'nd womon working for wages
wliich would not allow them to livo as human
beings should live without augmenting their
earnings by other methods. Prostitution in
British Columbia is fostered by the employers
of womon and girls. The minimum wage law
was enacted to do away with this evil, but it
has not done so and now the employers would
have all restrictions removed and thc wages of
female workers reduced at their will. The
legislature iu the coming session can either
safeguard the young girls and women of this
province by tightening up thc act or drive
them on the streot at the behest of the employers. The choice is left to the members of
the Provincial House.
J. P. Morgan and Stabilizing
Capitalism
riRKAMS of stabilizing capitalism still dwell
~ in the minds of those in high places. That
this is so, is evidenced by press items which
have appeared this woek, conveying the idea
that J. P. Morgan, American Finance King, is
in Rome for that purpose. One such nows item
states that:
"It is understood the idea is for business
men and bankers of various countries to
get together and form machinery whereby
credits can be oxtended to countries needing the money for real business linos free
from governmental direction—a sort of a
vast international corporation which will
study demands for loans and, if the tangible securities offered are good enough, will-
approve the loan::, raising thi1 money by
selling bonds through ordinary channels to
private investors throughout thc world."
* * *
With Austria completely bankrupt, and Germany on the toboggan, the rulers of the earth
may dream of a continued roign by bolstering
up those countries which appear to bc becoming a menace to the continuation of capitalism,
owing to the misery of the people, and which
threaten revolution. With Russia as an example, thc world's workers nre daily becoming
more prone to challenge their present rulers,
and in order to stave off further proletarian
outbreaks, the ruling class may seek to spread
the misery a little more evenly over thc entire
world by bolstering up the tottering countries,
and at the same time increasing the misery in
the .countries not so badly hit and even go to
tlm length of .sacrificing much that they may
continue to carry on under capitalism. How
far theso efforts will bo successful, it is hard to
say. Speculation is not altogether safe in these
clays when empires totter, and nations face
starvation and revolution. But to suggest that
there will be an international line-up of tho
capitalist class is a safo bot.
•f . •/.
In connection with. ... P. Morgan's visit tr
Rome, the press suggests that his visit there
may have a calming otl'.-t on the internal situation, and that the soft pedal may bo put ou al
thc Fascisti convention which is to bc held
there, so that he may not get a bad opinion of
thc country. Wo can hardly imagine J. P. he
ing shocked at anything that the Fascisti might
do in order to uphold the present system, especially when we remember the white guard
tnctics of tho ruling clnss of the United Stntes,
and wc would suggest that the only thing
which would shock this tower of finance, woulc1
bc his inability to lenrn more in Rome ns to thi
best methods, of keeping slnves in subjectioi
and terrorized to such an extent that they dnr
not rise ngainst their masters.
A Purely Local Question
WHILE the attention of tho workers is being
called to the larger probloms which faer
the world, there .ire many things which can lie
done locally, nnd which appear to bc of minor
importance, which will play a big part in the
futuro of the working class movement. Efforts
are being made to bring about n greater degree
of unity in tlie"movemont in Vancouver. These
offorts arc being Mocked, to some extent, b\
meu whose minds do not penetrate the gloon.
which exists outsido of their own illusions.
.     a    *
As long ns capitalism lasts, the workers must
faco the employers in their every day struggle
for a livelihood. The employers are organized.
Thoy figlit among thomsolves, but when the
workors show fight, thoy arc as one. Today
the workers are divided, not b.v thoir masters
so mueh, but becauso of thoir inability to see
the olass nature of lho strugglo which faces
them, and consequently they play the ganu
which best suits the poople, who have the most
interest in keeping them divided.
Tlie recent attempt of tho Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council to secure unity on the part
of the workers through the Centrnl Labor body
and b.v the elimination of dual unions, should
be supported by the rank and tile of the Labor
unions. Thc work started by the Central body,
should bc carried on in the unions, jind on the
job. The members of two craft unions, working at one trade, and at many times on the one
job, should not bo separated as they arc. Their
interests nre common ones. Their dnily difficulties the samo, kit because of some peculiar
outlook thoy have acquired, they imagine that
their'wolfarc cnn be scoured by two orgnniza-
tions, which do not bring 'them together, but
merely make them the pawns of the omployers
and at the same time serve thc dues-dodgers
with un excuse from becoming organized and
members of a working class organization.
There is no logical excuse for two unions in
orte craft in these days of intensified Industrial
development. There is need I'or more uud mon
unity: for amalgamation ami int"iisih'en.ion-of
organization, the rank and fllo must undertake
this work which the Central Labor body started, aud bring il to fruition,
* "*-"' ' ' * ' .'■'' .".".".". . . ... i.m m. i in.,.. . ,.i... .,..i,.i..,i.h ,,«iin,
The Annulment of the Treaty
of Versailles
[By Karl Radek]
BEFORE tho honorable authors' H'"*1'0"1 whlch they have naturally
of the Treaty of VeraaiHe. meet- -.bbC-   °f. "" J**tt_ ■'*■■**  exploit*-
eaty of Versailles meet,
again, not to pull their liaM.Jn de
apair, but to proceed with their
work, the Treaty of Veraall.es will
probably have boen anulled, In all
ils parts by the force of events,
The Ifed army had begun this'
liquidation of the treaty when lt
cut with Us bayonets the noose prepared for_ the Russian revolution.
The golden dollars of the United
States, poured upon the treaty have
continued the process. The United
States has broken England's con
trol of the seas. Mr. Marc Sulll
van, the American historian of the
Washington conference, declared
truly that no one had ever sunk as
many English ships aa Mr. House,
secretary of State, and that, with
out any naval combat. As for the
reparations part of the Versailles
programme, neither dollars nor
bayonets were necotwary^to tear it
up. Since lhe purpoae of this programme was to forco Germany to
pay, It Is destroyed hy the.very fact
lhat Germany has no dollars. The
only question ia to know whether
the reparations problem will be
solvwd before or after the fall of
bourgeois society In Germany.
Absolute Failure
And now wo see the absolute
failure of the Treaty of Versailles
In the Near East. The victory of
the Turks Is a defeat for England.
There fs nothing plutonlc In Mr.
Lloyd George's friendship for the
millionaire Basile Zakharov. Mr.
Bnsiie Zakhaiov, of the firm of
Vickers & Co. (war ammunitions),
ond th« principal financial supporter of Uie Grpek government, had
been able to lend this government
v'i" hunrhome sum of £4,000,000 to
condiici the present war. This
financier is one of the binding
agent, between Greek and English
capitalism'. Greek capitalism re-
IM-e.-i.nts 'he Inte'reSta of England in
tho year East, and the conflict be--
tween Mr. Venizelos nnd Kins
foiistanffne was really the conillet
of French and English eapiiuli.-.m.
Mr. Y'cnizt.Ios Is the agont of Schneider & Co. of the Creusut Works
ahd the Bank L'Union of Paris.
King Constantino was bound by
Basle Zakharov Lo the firm of Vickers & Co. and the British Trade
Corporation. The defeat ot the
Ore*:!; foii-05, then, is a dereat cf
Knfeiihh capitalism.
Tnehti Dcniaiu! Thr.ni.
This is more for England than
P'urtil. commercial defeat. The
Turks demand Thrace, peopled by
Greek and Bulgarians, and in
which England is greatly interested; not becnuse It is anxious to de-
'end tha rights of nationalities
'.she has proved this whon she dolt vcrod millions of Germans to
Prance, Poland nnd Czecho-Slovakia), but because the queatlon of
Thrace is also the question of the
■Itralts. Constantinople Is formal-
'V occupied by the Allies. In fact
he Turkish capital is controlled by.
England; at least this is what
hp spml-oificfnl organs of" tho
'•'rench novornment continually af-
Irni.' This fs why Turkey has a
much harder fight before it, to con-
;Uor Thrace thnn to defeat Greece.
Englnnd has always beon known
how to lot others fight her battles.
Col. Boplnfi'tdn dcclnres that tho
occupation of Thrace by the Turks
would gravely prejudice tho Interests of the peoi.if} living near the
Slack Son. Whom does Mr. Rep-
'ngton mc-in? CHocho-Slovakln has
i sen shore only according to
•ha kespcure. J ugosluvla borders
miy on the Adriatic Itoumaniu is
'ivided betwoen tho opposite influ-1
mcoa' of Frnnce and England, and J
'onsoquently does not quite know i
vhat its Interests ln the question]
)f the Dardanelles are. Besides
hose there are also exist near the
"Hock Soa. Bulgaria, Soviet Russia, j
'oviet UJtrtinfa. Soviet Georglu. *
horn Mr. Replngton certainly did j
ot consult.
Mi*. Repington made a mistake. I
ivjot Russia, even If it renounced
'ie policy of Romanov and Mlllu-
ov, bus nevertheless n great Inter-
■st lhat the Dardanelles question
e solved without detriment to the
eople of the Blaok Soa. and will
ever rocognhe any decision reach-
d without consulting It.
English Imp«riali3in, wounded In
'.sia Minor and in Thrace, hns suf-
ored further defost In Esypt and
..lesopotamln.
IJackcil by Guns
During the wnr, fearing the re-
lellton of tho Mohrtmmodan people;
t had adopted liberal manners,
nd distributed! here nnd there, dl-
-tonms of national Independence,
Uist February, after imprisoning
RngUl I'nslut and the Iculers of
Egyptian nationalism, English Imperialism proclaimed . . . tlie
Independence of Egypt. Over in-
topondent Egypt It sot a ruler
bucket! only by tho English guns
eft behind In. tho liberated country.
I'hen the loaders of the Egyptian
tatlonal movoment still at liberty,
iiibllshed in tune a protest against
Sngllsh tyi'nny. Lord Allen by
hon brought ihosn leaders before
m English court fn Independent
2gyj)t. Another Egyptian delegation which protested against this
interpretation of Egyptian independence, was also arretted. This ,is
irobnbly In accordance with Mr,
Lloyd Georgos solemn ngreement
it February 27: "From now off,
mid the English prime mlnlsler,
'the Egyptians may decide on thdir
iwn institutions."
The Manchester Guardian char-
u'terlzes this ns a tragic-comedy,
vhich may ond rather badly, The
Ibcral English organ remarks that
i new Egyptian government exists
miy thanks to the support of Eifg-
Ish military authority, and the
English court martial; that It had
never been elected by anybody,
nor would ovor bo. Elections under tho regime of thc English occupation woukl bo only nnother
Irony. Tho explanation is that Mr.
Moyd Georgt* cannot recall the
English troops from Egypt bpr
sause Groat Britain needs the Suez
Canal, lt Is tho bad luck of these
unhappy Egyptians Hint thoy were
horn noar ihis canal. Why do Lhe
governments of Panto, and Tambov
not live In Soviet Russia? Mr.
Lloyd Cleorgp would make no difficulty about recognising their independence,
In    MoiQpotamJ'a   the   English
have also erected an independent
tions in Mossul. As a compensa
tion ft received the English troops
of Sir Cox, and as King, ex-Emir
Faysal of Syria, chased from his
throne by General Gouraud, another founder of independent kingdoms, .but for the account of
France. To keep Faysal as near
'Syria as possible, the statesmen of
London have made him King of
Mesopotamia, naturally a duly-
elected king. That is fo say, the
English commandant asked the
chiefs of the Arab tribes if they
wanted Faysal and his English
pounds. The enthusiasm of these
chiefs was great. But the beautiful English pounds In the hands of
the Arabs may serve unexpected
purposes. When Sir Cox came to
pay a visit to tho King of Mesopotamia, he hoard England damned.
He was naturally displeased. King
Faysal suddenly fell III . . . appendicitis). His ministers were arrested.
The English press is no medical
authority. Mesopotamia and King
Feysnl nro suffering from anothor
disease than an inflammation of
the intestine. Tho organism is
suffering from the presence of parasites. No surgery will cure them,
even if one cuts off the heads of the
"Sick King" and his most robust
minister
The situation of England in the
Near East is another proof of the
failure of Versailles. Versailles is
being annulled there also. Where
On organized force is working Its
annullmont, as In Russia and Turkey, the process Is much more rapid. In other countries, the process
drags But In both cases the annulment proceeds, and nothing can
slop it.
Immigrants Not Flooding
the United
States
(By the Federated Press)
"Washington—The fear of a flood
of Immigrntion, which led to the
Peroen tu m Li m ita Hon Act, by
which entrance of aliens was restricted to a percentage of the various national groups now here,
seems to evaporate whon one studies the report of the department
of Labor.
In September, of the monthly
quota of 13,521 for Germany, but
3318 entered. The Unitod Kingdom, entitled to 16,468", sent but
8080. Russia, whose quota was
43_.3, entered only 2594. Tire quota
for tho Bessn rabian region was.
658, but only 53 nvailod themsolves
of privilege of entry. Italy exceeded her monthly quota, but still has
a balance for the fiscal year of 17,-
353. Austria sent bnt 697 In September of the 1490 to which she
was entitled.
The total for September was 41,
C10, while tho quota for tho month
was 71,601.
Rumors Say Drop
in Mark Was Postered
(Contlnnedfrom   pnge  1)
reduction on manufactured articles, textiles and leather wares.
A comparison of Berlin and
Hamborn prices shows how much
cheaper things can be gotten in
Hamborn as a result of the workers' taking over the fixing of prices
Here are a few samples:
Ono pound lard: Berlin 210
marks; Hamborn. 140 marks. One
Pound bacon: Berlin. 240 marks:
Hamborn, iso marks. Ono poTind
augur: Berlin, 00 murks; Hamborn
•10, marks.
Everything went well urtdTr this
system until the ousting stocks
were exhausted. The manhunts
sabotaged tho action, however bv
not ordering new mippIJ,
workers n
and the
making the!
are now face to face with
arrangements   with
f outside world for the imi
Heidelberg, Germany—Tho steel
trust of Germany profits even by
the drop of the mark, according to
the Volksf-eitung of this city. When
the mark had sunk to the level or
the pre-wnr pfenning—In other
words, when Its value was 1 per
cent, of its 1914 value,-tho steel
trust screwed the price up to 130
times that of pre-war years.
Patronize  Fed. advertisers.
tion of new stocks. They have
therefore appealed to other cities
In the Rhineland and Westphalia
to adopt similar measures and
jointly with them to organize a system of co-operative purchasing.
Already the city of Ruhla has
followed suit. Its workors are exorcising similar control over prices
in lhat Thuringian town. It is conceded, howevor, that unless a large
number of cities support the action, there will be grent difficulty
for currying out any schemo of rationing and of control of pricos.
pit Will Certainly
Pay Yeu
TO     INVESTIGATE     OUI*
SHOE PHICES FOIt Ml'-f
I'OrS ASF 1) CJIHjI.IiEN '
.Men's J-ullUoir Bnmd  Khiild
CoreriUta, _ij«._ t0 .1 sa.n.1
Jlen'a Bulldog Urand Khaki
r'inil-, wilh cult nnil bolt
-i""|is.   Sutm-day ... si 113
Oabartllne    Ties.     |Usl    |„
, •'" Si--""'. .1.:;.-., 51.50
Mens    All    Leuth'ei:    Work
Boots;     sizes    «     to     10
St""***'  $!!._•_
Wt- now stoek 11 full line of
Amherst Hools 1111,1 shoos for
men, boys nml children, mid
Maltese Cross Rubbers for
men, women ond children.
Arthur Frilh ft Co.
Men's mid Hoys' FiiralslUngSi
Huts. Hoots anil Slioi's
21113 MAIN STHEET
(Botwian nil nnd  sti, Annus)
Dregless Healing
Downie
Sanitarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldfj.
Cor. Hustings ami Itlcliuids
Phonos:
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Our Dr. Dowiilo hs* gone tn
Seattle to fnveiiUjca.o md atteti-1
tlio Clinic ct tho Moorito Oorijorn-
(Ion. The mlraculiiiiB result!..
tli»l nro l-i-iiiK obUlhoU thrniifth
th*. use of Moorite i« astonlBhlng
thb whole continent. Fur thb CORK
pf rheumatism It has no equal. In
fact tli"ro «win» to lit) n« l»»]t
to IU wondrous power. Dr.
Duwniii will attt-nd thc Chile, sue
in t lniw it Is applied, visit those
who havo been CURKD hy it, and
if --iii.-fioil that it will dn what
is claimed for it, will.introduce it
here on his return. Totl are
nsked to enquire ond we will nivu
the true facts.
Take a Look at Cur Stock of
Winter Clothing
It Is Worth While
Cuius' Maeklnriiv £hlrts, Bpeclal; nil wool  85.50
Carsa'
now
Hoavy   Twoe'd
Punts;
.. $.1,30
Hoavy Grey Whipcord  Tweod
ftt   $5,00
Men's No.  1  Corduroy   Pants.,
,   belt loops and ouffn $QM
Men's   Under-venr,
per Milt	
from,
...$2,00
carry nil lines of stnnflcld's
Underwear, ■
Mon's   Tweod   Raincoats
from .....; ,..*7.5i.
Men's Overcoata from ...JJIJ.OO
Oood coata, too.
Fine Boots—Dr. Meed's Cushion solo,   Dr.  Special, ISaglo
Shoes,
Dayfoots and Leckie's Loggers.
Men's Dress Shirts from,.$1.23
Puro Wool Cashmere Sox, per
pair  BOo
Headlight Overalls.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
"LAID OFF"
Two Short Worcls. llrlilgiiiK (ho GnU llctnccn
COMFORT mid roVEHTY
Hnvo 3-011 protected yonmolf And ymir fnmllr Bjiftlnut aii-h nn pmnrconer,
With e BAV1NGS ACCOUNT—tlio mo.l valuable A.sot a man can have ior.
lllo "RAINY DAY."
We STRONGLY RECOMMBMD j-ou to Hart audi en account AT ONCK,
nt   one nf our City Ilrani'liog.
HASTINOS and SilYMODB Oeo. I. Harrison. Manager
Cordova and Abbott Main and 25th Ave. Main aud Broadwer
WHERE YOU WILL BEOEIVE PROMPT AND CO0BTEOUS ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
V.H.—If yon nro living In a Community tint provided wltli Blinking fiuill-
lln., n.lili-cr.H iih Uy mnil, (tnd wj will Im ulnd t» guido yuu in K'sju'ct lo
"lluiriiii-K  ll/  utile"
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at'6 p.m.
Women's All Wool
Cravenette
Raincoats
at $39.50
pOPULAR trench models with storm
collar and cuffs, smart raglan shoulder, patch or slit pockets and attractively belted. These are half-lined and
are available in all wanted sizes. Good
practical coats at a verv fair price—
$39.50. «   '
—Drysdale's Women's Coat Shop, Third Floolfc
575 Granville Street
New Fabrics
ARE FASCINATING.
Thore aro new wet^es and
new weaves, und old weaves
In new versions, and the
result Is one that makes the
buying at tho Famous of
Autumn clothes delightful.
Famous ' °'"M""
•ffts HASTINGS ST.,
To Wearer
Nen GrinTillo
BE SURE YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN VOU ASK FOR
-CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic wines of all
klnda
UNION MBN'6 ATTENTION
mi      __   .....
Bandar aereleee. 11 a.__ ud ..IO v.m.
S™_T .__?*' '»*>e_l»tel/ followl-l
mornlai eervlee.    Wadnwdej t.ell__ml_l
foTiSS AaS\tlm ",ltaf "*
COAL
YALE SOOTL1CSS
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling Freo
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL COMPANY
IHO GKANVILM-  gey. 52-0
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 OAK1IALL STiil'.ltt'
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
King np Phone Seymour 2S54
lot appoliitaiKuii
Dr. W. J. Cuny
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVEB, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best servlc* count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KIXCSWAY, VANCOUVER
Phono Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good PJaco to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
TT/TIEN your telepho^ ia left ncci-
" dentally ott tho hook, lt registcn
the rmiio ns a call at central. If the
nporntor gets no reiponHt. to ber
"Number, plcaae," tho number is
handed over to the repairing loreei
■ ns being out of order; All this involves testa, reports and time. In
tho meantime, no one gets you oa
your telephone.
1 'Off the hook" U a very com*
mon ctuue of Interruption to telephone service. By the exorcise of
care in this connection you will protect your service and avoid inconvenience to yourself  and others.
B. O. TELEPHONE OO.
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
1 SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDEKS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C. ftlDAY..
...October 27,  1922
fourteenthtbar. no. .»    J3K1T1SH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, a d
page thrkf;
Teeth can't save themselves
[once they start to go
Oome in and see me ajjout your teeth-
It means their preservation.
One of the greatest mistakes you can make is
to keep delaying dental attention—once they
start to go your teeth ean't save themselves—
and soon the cost of the; work is out oi all
proportion to what it would have bcen in the
first place.
Don't make this mistake,   I speak with years
of experience behind mo and in the light of
cases that come to me every day.. Surely you
want your teeth to be attractive always.  When you eome to me, the work
is neither painful nor high in cost.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Bank or Nova Scotia liiiildins
Phone Seymour 3331
DON'T UV,
AFHAID
"Nerve Blocking"
. and other jinin-
proventlng methods ns practiced
■ in my office are
approved by the
highest dental
authorities and
give entire relief.
DU. HUETT ANDERSON, formerly member of tbe Faculty of \_*
College of DontUtry, University of Southern California, Lecturer oa
Crown nnil Bridgework, Di'iuonitrntor In I'lttework and Operative
Dt.i_ii_.ti-y, Lot-til and General Anaeitheela.
Vancouver Unions
NCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
.ouncil—President, R. H. Noelanda,
-..A.: genoral Hecmtary, Percy R. Ben-
tub. Office: 308, 819 Pender St. W.
one Soy. 7495. Moots in Labor Hull at
f.ia. on tbo first and third Tuesdays
month
MSI* PRINTING TRADES COUN-
ell—Meuts second Monday In thu
irtth. President, J. R. White; leore-
•y, R, H. Mcolnnti, P. 0. Bo» <».
KKRY SALESMEN, LOCAL B71--
Meets socond Thursday every ""jnth,
9 Pendor St. W. President, J, Brighton: financial secretary, H. A. Bowron,
49   Bnrna   St.
UKNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Union of Aiiu-rica—Local 11J0,
ncouvor, B.C., meets socond and fourth
esdayi in ench mmith in Room 313, 319
ndor Street West. President, C. E.
rrctt, 71 Hastings St. E. Socrutory,
lt Jan), 320 Cnmbie St. Shop phone,
y. 27U2. Regidsnce phone, PgUg-JjH1R.
TBRNATIQNAL BROTHERHOOD OP
Boilermakers, Iroti Shipbuilders and
Ipers of America, Locul 194—-Meetings
.1 and third Mondays in i-ach month,
esldent, P. Willis: secretary, A. Fraaer.
Ice: Room 303—319 Pender St. W.
ice hours. 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to S p.m,
Cyprus—Fugitives arriving from
Smyrna, Asia Minor, declare that
the defeat of the Greek army by
the Turks ls largoly due to Bolshevist propaganda. Half of the Oreek
army, they assert, had become converted to Communism, refused to
flght In what they considered a
capitalistic war launched by Greece
for imperialistic ends. These fugi
tlves contend that the troops burst
out Into ono vast volley of cheers
for Lenln Hnd Trotsky, and threw
away their gums and abandoned the
artillery. All efforts of the officers
and of the priests to make the men
stick to their guns were In vain.
tiOKLAYKKS AND MASONS—If yon
Deed bricklayers or masons for boiler
rks,   etc.,   or   marble   Betters,   phone
cklaycrs' Union, Labor Temple.     	
ITED BROTHERHOOD OP CAR-
tenters ond Joiners, Local 452—Print*
t. Win. Dunn; recording secrotary.
i. Snell; business agent, Geo. H. Hardy,
ce: Room 304, 319 Pender St. W-
.ts second and fourth Mondays, 8 p-in.,
nn 5, 310 Pender^St^.	
VIC EMPLOYEES' UNION—Meets
irM and third Fridays in each month,
148 Oordova Ht. W. Prosidcnt, J.
hit*, 8405 Pender St. E.; Socretary-
eaaurer. Gee. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
Ive.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tlio greatest assistance that thc
readers of The Federatlonist can
rentier ns at this time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing -so
you spread the news of the working class movement and assist ob
Try your neighbor for a subai-rli**
.ion.
DERATED LABOR PARTY, 148 COR-
dova St. W.—Educational meetings
ery Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Busi-
as meetings every Wednesday evening.
P. Pettiplecn, chairman; E. H. Morri-
i; aectreas.; J. Bennett, corresponding
.-retary,
STEL AND RESTAURANT Eniployf.es
Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street,
sets flrst and third Wednesdaya at 2.30
n. Second ond fonrth Wednesdays at
10 p.m. Executive board meeta every
■esday at 3 p.m. President W. Colmar.
isiness %gent, A. Oraham.    Phone Soy.
TUBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OP CANADA—An Indus-
al union of all workera in log*
tg and construction camps, Coast Dls<
ct and General Headquartera, 61 Cor
va St. W., Vanoouver, B. 0. Phon* Sey.
.6. J. M. Clarke, genoral Merotary-
asurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Biro,
cdonald A Co., Vincouver, B. C.; audi*
a. Messrs. Buttar * Chlen*, Vancou*
, B; 0
tHINISTS LOCAL 892—Preaidont
Jd. Dawson; seerftary, R. Hirst; bail*
_ agunt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309,
i Ponder St. W. Meets in Room 3,
9 Pender St. W., on second and fourth
laday In month.	
0HINI8TS LOCAL 182—President,
,-a Georgo; aecrelnry, J. G. Keofo;
ilness agent, P. R. Bcngouirb* Office:
I, 319 Pender St. W. Meets in Room
I, 819 Ponder St. W. on flrst and third
ursdays  hi  month
tOTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS, DEtXI*
ralora and Paperftangera of America,
cil J*B, Vancouver—Meets 2nd im
i Thursdaya at 148 Cordova St. W.
one Sey. 34S1. Business agont, R. A.
rker,
V,_ DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF and
Dock Builders. Local No. 2404—Meets
Labor Hall. 319 Pender St. W., every
ll and 4th Friday flt 8 p.m. Jos. Thump*
Financial Secretary.
1LORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC.
Ii5 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box 671.
one Sey. 8708. Meetings evory Mon-
f 7 p.m. P. HoeKflday^BiiKluess AgOfft.
[derated SEAFARERS UKION of
B C.—Formerly Firemen and pilots
tlon    of    British    Columbia—Meet Ins
Bhfa. flrst Tuesday and third Friday of
h month at 318 Cordova W. President.
Thom;    vice-president,    R.   Morgan:
*retary*treasurer,   W.   Donaldson.    Ad-
eaa, 813 Cordova SI. W., Vancouver,
C.    Victoria Branch Airent*'! address, W.
■nd.. 567 John.on St., Victoria,,_B.O.
TEHNATIONAL UNION BTKAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meet*
erv Thursday at 8 p.m.. Room 307
ibiir Temple. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
roen, 053 Hornby St. Phono Sey. 7043R.
•cording Secretary. W.   Chandler,   1831
ill Ave.. North Vanconver. 	
rRBET   AND   ELECTRIC   RAILWAY
Rmptfyoct. Pioneer Division, No, 101
-Meets K. P, Hal), fiih snd Kingswny,
it and 3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7
in. Prehldt-nt. F. A. Hoover, 3409 Clarko
rivo; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
17— till. Avenue Ensl; treasurer, A. F.
.ndrev.*; flni.iinial-s.cret ary and bu.l-
pas airent, W. It. Cottrell, 4808 Dum-
tries Street; office, corner Prior and Main
Phone Pnir. 3B04R.
lUKNEYMEN   I'AILOHS'    UNIUN    UF
America, Loeal No. 17U—Meetings hold
" Monday In rarh month, 8 p.m.   )'•»!*
, A. It. Gntcnby; vice-president, Mn,
iylk;  ri'fonlinji secretary, C. McDonald,
■ 0. Box 503;    flnanclal    aeeretary, P.
ReNei.il, P. 0. Bex 508.
Society for technical aid to
[ .H ivi.t Riissla, Vancouver branch, meeta
(frit and third Sundays each month, 2
t.m., at 01 Cordova St. W. For informa-
Jon write tn branch s-ere.nry, S.T.A.8.R.,
il Cordova St. W.^ Vsncouver. B. 0.
'SYPOGRAPIIICAL UNION No. 220—
Preaident, Wm. Skfnnor; vlcc-prcsldenl,
■_. Tucker; secret ary* treasurer. R. H.
WImkR _'. 0. Box 66. Mccta last
i-iiTi .!■»>- of each miMitli at 2 p.m.	
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tlie greatest assistance thut the
rentiers of Tlie Federatlonist can
•ender ns at Oils time, is by sccur
ng n new siibscrllH'r. By (loins *o,
-on spread the news of the work
ng class movement nnd ns.slst ns
Where Is the Union Button?
The Burning of Smyrna OR. CURRY
AN EYE-WITNESS' ACCOUNT
Greek Atrocities—Turks Less to Blaine Than Any
Other Nation "In This Miserable Business"
[Ed. Note.—On Saturday, Qcto-t and the Greek staff of forty. AU t that! one whole slice of Smyrna's
ber 7, the Glasgow Forward published the following account of an
eye-witness' view of the burning
of Smyrna:]
SLATER'S
BUTCHEHS,   GROCERS null
PKOVISIONI-RS
WE LEAD—OTHERS FOLLOW
FllEE DELIVERY
AU     Over Vniicuuvcr,     South
Vancouver, **Point    Grey,
Kerrlsdale und Ehurne
l'UKSII MEAT DEPARTMENT
Thc Choicest ot Pot       | ft
Roasts from, lb. .... 1UC
Tho Choi-eat ot Oven | Q _
Rousts from, lb. ktasZ***
Thcj. Choicest of Boiling;     Q
lleef from, lb    OC
25c
Tho Choicest  Boneless
Stow Beof, 2 lbs. for..
POHK! FOK1C! FORK!
50U of our Famous Pork
Shoulders, ou aale Friday
and Saturday; t_]l Alberta
grain-fed pork; all nice and
firm, not sloppy, Reg,
lh. Extra
special, lb.
It' you have not tried one,
juat phone the butcher; ihey
weigh from 4 to 8 lbs.
18k
VEAL
Prime Monty Roasts
of Veal, lb	
Leg« Prime Veal, .
lb	
Loins Prime Veal,
lb	
Prime Veal Stew,
2 lbs. for .1	
18c
23c
25c
25c
Prime Legs of Loeal
Lamb, lb. 	
Primo Loins of Local
Lamb, lb	
Prime Meaty Boasts   of   Local
Lamb, por O^J
lb	
Prime Lamb Stew
2 lbs. for	
32c
30c
ot   1
23tc
25c
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Sister's Sliced Streaky Bacon,
per lb _0e; -15c, iioc
Slater's Silted Ayrshire Back
Bacon,  Ib I!5c,' 40c
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll
, Bucon,  Ib 10c
Slater'a Sliced Smoked Roll
Baron, lb SOc
IIUTTER! BITTER! MTTEI!!
Ihe very Choicest of Alberta
Creamery Butter on sale on Friday and Saturday,    **» |    _ Q
3 lbs. for   Jpl.IO
Finest Canadian Cheese,
11. C
25c
85c
Fresh  Pullet
Kffga, 2 doz. for..,
B,  C,  Storage  Eggs,  cqua
fresh eggs,
dozen   	
Good Cooking Eggs,       ^C«
dozen     OOC
40c
BACON
BACO.N
BACON
Slater's
Spocial
Breakfast"
Bacon
half
or    whole
slabs,
lb	
Special,
35c
FLOCK SPECIAIj
The Finest Canadian Hard
Whent Bread Flour Is Ogil-
vle's Royal Household, on
mile at nil our stores. Friday and Sat., dk fl Off
Hpciul, 4!>-H>. sk. <P 1 tOO
All  to  be  hnd  at any of our
stores with freo delivery,
Mall Orders Alnu.v.s <>lven Onr
Special Attention
rVN Saturday last the Manchester
^ Guar.dlan published an important and first-hand account of the
struggle between the Greek and
Turk armies for posseWon of Smyrna. The tatement is signed on
board H. M. S. King George, off
Malta, by Beatrix de Candolle, the
wife of the manager of the Aidin
Railway, and Is endorsed by Mrs.
Whlttall, of Bournabat.
Madam do Candolle's statement
runs:—
When the Greek troops first
heard of the defeat of their main
army, they proceeded to carry
out instructions that had been
previously laid down by headquarters and Instituted wholesale
carnage and incendiarism along
the whole route of their retreat.
The Aldln Railway received
warnings In the shape of frantic
messages from all Its stations
clamoring for refugee trains. In
the courso of the ensuing four
days 35,000 refugees passed
through the Smyrna main station, all of whom had the aam«
tale to tell:
"Why do you leave? Was there
danger?"
"How do we know? The authorities left and the soldiers told
us to go, because the 'Chette'
(brigands) were conjfng."
"What happened then?"
"The soldiers left, too, setting
flre to our villages; we saw our
homes burning an'd came away
also."
The last Greek troops to be
evacuated from Smyrna were an
army of 5000, tho units of which
two of our young English rallwaymen, stationed Tip-country,
were deputed to entrain for their
retreat. These Englishmen
waited at various stations of the
Hue, sometimes for an hour or-
two, sometimes for six, once for
twelve, whilst the Greek troops
scoured the hills on either side
ot the line, scttirig tlni countryside aflame, whilst their cavalry
followed behind to blow up the
bridges.
This army finally piled into ono
long train with two, englnoa and
started off for Smyrna, but 2ii0
genuine Chette laid dynamite
under tho rails, which wrecked
the motive power. A right on-
sued. Tho two Englishmen and
40 of the Greek staff of the lino
charged the crossfire and held to
the railway track, whilst thc
5000 Greek soldiers took to the
hills, making for Chesmu and the
seo, hotly pursued by tho Chette.
Our railway headquarters ln
Smyrna knew nothing of this
happening, for the army had cut
all wires at the start of troublo.
But my husband (managor of tho
Aidin Railway) was anxious
about his English subordinates
and asked tho Turkish authorities (who wero by thts time in
orderly occupation of Smyrna) to
send a rescue pany up thc line.
An officer, 150 men, and a station guard were promptly put at
our disposal and -started off,
drawn by an engine upon which
the Turks had hoisted a British
flag. This rescue party started
at 5 p.m.. to return at 9 p.m.
complete   with   the   Englishmen
these were members of our staff,
and had been given no food for
three days by the Greek military
of the refugee train. The Turk-.,
ish soldiers who went out to bring
them Jn were men who had only
marched Into Smyrna at eleven
o'clock thnt same morning; It Is
therefore to their greater credit
that they gave our people food
and drink In plenty, as well as
every form of courteous attention.
Meanwhile the scattered Greek
nrmy of 5000 circled about the
hlllfr lying behind the Turkish
quarter of Smyrna and fired all
their big guns (not many) Into a
district known to be populated
almost entirely by women and
children, ns tlio Turkish menfolk hnd ull been held In'Concentration camps as prisoners for
the last three years.
Nevertheless, the town of
Smyrna wa3 quieting down on
the.following day when wc began
to rear rumors of devastation
on the Casaba line. This Is the
direction of the town of Magnesia, whoso Smyrna road traverses Bournabat, a Greek and
English suburb of Smyrna proper. Mrs. Frank Whlttall, of
Bournabat, told me what follows:
Tho "Greek troops returning
from the sack of Magnesia handed their rifles to all the villagers along their route announcing that: "The Chette are coming! Arm and fight!"
. They did not describe how In
Magnesia (an nlmost entirely
Turkish town) they themselves
had rounded up aud burnt, hi a
circle, nil the inluibltants of the
city, leaving crucified Turkish
women aud children alive and
writhing to welcome the incoming Turkish regulars that followed close upon thcir heels. Can
on.i wonder that the Turks, on
reaching Bournabat a few hours
later, to be received b.v rlHe attacks from panic-stricken villagers who thought them Chette,
ran amok in the town, killing
and" pillaging, but . , . even
In tho lace of legitimate limitation, ref raining from setting
fire to tho whole?
Moie or !e3s contemporaneously about 000 Armenians had got
* on the loose in Smyrna with
bombs and guns, and the TurUinh
troops in (stiibllshng occupation or Smyrna proper had become obliged to round them up
for the sake of genernl peace.
This was done, drastically, by
setting lire lo tho Anr.euinu
qunr.cr . . . for width act
one cannot b'ame troops whose
leader hnd been deliberately
wounded by a bomb thrown nt
him nt his entry Into the city.
Furthermore, this quarter proved
to luue sheltered a veritable arsenal, as was proven by the explosions that resulted from the
llrlun' of the houses.
The wind shifted nnd the fire
got out of hand and began to
rage. At this inopportune moment tho maddened soldiers from
Bournabat arrived, together with
the I'el.lca of the refugees and
stragglers from the main army
of Angora. Seeing fire, they
promptly poured petrol and . , »
burned the rest.
. . . The wind had veered
again by the time we got on
board, and we noted, with relief,
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
CAMP 3, STAVE FALLS
This camp is in a rotten condition. The bunk-houses are 21x16,
and accommodate twelve slaves.
The bed bugs will givo you a lively
tlmu at night, so you will not be
lonesome.. There are quite a number of home guards here, who aro
very fond of the boss. They get :i
case of whisky, and then you will
see them 'got together;" and everything llr.it is said In the camp is
carried to the boss. Any onc Who
comes here and happens to have
enough manhood to kick against
the conditions, will nol remain
here very. long. The ground Is good,
excopt for the underbrush. Food
Is fair.
DEL. Ii03.
Fresh Cut Flowcw, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, I*ot
Hauls, Ornamental nml Shade Tree.**, Seeds, Bulbs,
Fluilsth' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOIUSTS AND NL'I.SFItYMHX
•18 Hustings St. E. -— STOitKP—2 000 Granville St.
Sey. 1IHS-U73 "SAY IT WITH tXOWEUS"       Sey, Or.lIMilOi
CIlANltilOOK, O. C.
,As is usual at (his (Ime of year,
there lu a large Influx of men from
tlie prairie;), and consequently tlmt
makes It so much harder for tlio
lumberjack who follows up that
kind of work. From every oue you
hoar thc same old cry thai they
will Join up and pay up when they
Ret In a month. It is necessary
that every man who works In tho
woods here sets In and gots bis
shoulder to the wheel. If wo are going lo get anywhere, as there Is
much to tie done. If onoe wo could
get this district organized and hammered into shape, some action could
bc taken to get shorter hours. If
every ono who is organized would
sop that lho man who Is working
Alongside of him was a paid up
momber, we would soon have this
district in shape ngnin. Thoro will
be a convention of this branch hold
on Doc. ?2 to 24, and all workers
Who are Interested In organization
fliould nltrnd this convontion. It
will bo opon to all members, a'nd
Wd expect to make plans for getting united action in this district.
Secretary L, W. I. U.,
Vancouver, B, C.
Fellow Worker: In viow of tbo
confusion thut still exists In the
mind of some mon in tho camps ro
0. Cascaden, who'claimed to represont our union whon he vas in
Moscow in i'BBl, please publish thn
following, which Is a copy of u lot-
ler which I have sent to Cascaden.
I am also sending a copy of this
Idler to tbe Industrial Woil.er In
Seattle for publicallon:
ClOl'dOn Casfadon,
10 McKay Avenue,
Wlndeor, Ont.
Fellow  Worker:   After   reading
ymir book, "Shnll Unionism Die?"
understand, porhaps It is because
my education if limited.
You state that tho Edmonton
branch oi' tho L. W. I. U. of C.
gavo you credent Inls to represent
them at Moscow. I would like to
ask you whether you can tell us If
the Edmonton branch issued a r
fcrendum so that the rank and file
could have a vote in sending or giving you credentials to represent
them; or was it not a meeting hold
in (he hall of tho L. W. I. U. at
Edmonton", whore n very small
number attendol: Ihut gavo author-
ity for issuing you credentials,
Then again, why did not Carl
Berg u.-ilc the G. E. B. to Issue a
referondum so that the genernl
membership could have n say In
who was .going to represent them,
instead   of   waiting   until   lhe   Ed-
monton briincji had issued credentials, and the delegate had left the
country. Is th.it the way to build
up i\n industrial union? 1, as oue.
will say that It is not, djtd will only
cause dissension.
Thon again you publish a let'er
from the Edmonton branch, asking thnt the convention ln January
be is Id over until May, In order
thnt wo could como to an understanding; and also that by that
time, we would know what tho I.
W. W. was going to do.
Did Carl Berg know that the I.
W. W. had turned down the L. W.
I, IT. some months before? Aud
did he know that they lold us to
educate ourselvos, and go to tbem
ns individuals; also did he not
know tlmt other letters were sont
which the I. W. W. refused to nn
swor? Is that whit Carl Berg
calls solidarity, and trying to build
up industrial unionism? I as a
slave in revolt ngainst capitalism,
and who doos not believe In compromising with the boss, refuse to
bond a kneo to any O. E, B.
On page 63 you gave us only four
of the livo articles which you und
Goorge Williams voted against. Article two is missing. That Is something which I should like to see, so
that I cnn got your side of the
question in full, as I am unable to
road between the lines,
I should like to give you my
point of viow on rank and flle rule.
I do not bolieve in giving authority
(o any O. E. B, to Issue credentials
to any individual or group of Individuals to represent nn organliHL-
tlon at a convention. Then any
delegate tbat Is sont should place
the results of iho convention plainly before the membership so that
we enn all have our say as we nio
the organization.   Yours, otc.
nir.T.TOGtA'nii aai
quay was going to stand,
threatened. ... and that this
bit comprised our Aidin Railway
station.   . \
T&\ea that have been told of
dead bodies piled high upon this
self-same quay are false. The
flame's were blown back from the
sea. front by the win.d and not a
single house wall fell forward.
This was shown next day when
people in thousands could be
seen alive and congregated with
a dying fire behind.
My husband landed and drove
along the frontage to inspect his
station, as did all the consuls for
tho purpose of .picking out their
nationals for deportation. By the
dawn or the third day after the
outbreak of flre, motors were
running from end to end of the
quay without encountering obstruction.
A few terrified women are, In*
deed, proven to have jumped into
the sea through fear at the time
of the conflagration. . . -the
average number reckoned up to
date of those victims has been
some seven or eight! I have not
yet hoard of tho death of one
amongst the crowds of people I
have known as the result of two
years' residence In Smyrna.
It Is possible that onlookers
mistook tjie refugee crowds
asleep upon their piles of belongings for the advertised heaps
of corpses of our dally press.
Anyway, considering the dimensions of thia Smyrna fire, and
taking: into consideration the
various elements of hysterical
and primitive savagery that went
to tight it, there bus been less
loss of life than ln any other notable conflagration that has ever
beon  heard  of.
Curiously enough most of the
churches and mosques of the city
remain unharmed. The English
Church, thc Catholic Cathedral,
the Armenian, French, and
Italian churches." and lho big
mosque of the bazaar are all
standing. Fortunately all the
hospitals, schools and orphanages were successfully evacuated.
A perfectly quiet and hitherto
unharmed portion of the town
was* destroyed owing to the firing
of n Greek army ammunition
dump by some Armenians whom
the5 'Greek railway staff recognized.
Whatevor the British pro3s
may have ito sny upon the sub-
Jeet'of thculestruciion of Smyrna,
tht. Turk Is, if anything, less to
blame than has been any other
nationality- In this miserable
business. ;Tho fact should be
reedgnlzed by the British na-
tidtt:
The capitalist "system" Is truly
the marvel ot tho ages. With tlie
mechanical invention of nearly
two centuries in its possession, by
which human productivity has been
increased a thousand-fold, with access to incalculable resources In
raw matorial, and aided by the
genius of science, it cannot provide
for the elementary physical needs
of millions, who starve in tho midst
of plenty. Its organization is so
monstrously absurd lhat whou its
storehousose are choked with goods
and Its barns nro running over—
the result of'whnt it madly cnlls
"ovjer-product!on"—the miseries of
the masses of the people ore tho
most hitonse, and drab, gaunt poverty invades the homos of workers whoso miraculous labor has
called tho surplus wealth into being. During thn crises caused b.v
the act of producing "too much
wealth'1 for the market, the capitalists raise a hue and ery for
"more production" while tbey cannot flnd work for Ibo millions
their ridiculous soeial "order" lias
disemployod. So stupidly Incompetent in tlie realization of any
human purpose nro its "captains of
Industry* that they ennnot even organise the labor Of the unojiiployed
to produce necessaries for the lack
of which thc unemployed nnd thoir
dependents famish, let alone
utilize thoir wasted power to work
iu the creation of conveniences
which the public need. Look at It
In Now Zealand. Tho wise men of
the system, whose Intellectual superiority iH lauded to tho heavens,
ponder tho problem of the wheat
huii>i-ih nnd exercise their mighty
brains upon tbe unsuluhliity ol'
beef, How to get rid of the excess
(at a profit) Is tho quostion of
questions. Yet a dreary queue
lines up nt the Wellington Town
Hall cellar, poverty "Stricken, to
drink tho bitter cup of Charity!
Dozen of carpenters are out of
fflirk, millions of feel of surplus
timbor llUor the land, but the
people cannot Ret houses; overcrowding is rife, and the rack-
renter roams about t-.eking whom
ho may devour. A lovely system—
for' lunatics!—.Maoriland Worker.
Building Permits
Oct. 18-— 065—llth Ave, West,
Harvey Jones, dwelling, Jl.r.OU;
S!780«-sih Ave. West, Dargavel &
Kilgour, dwelling, $3000,
Oct. 10J-241B—4th Ave. West,
W. .J. Prout, Apartment. JIB,500;
207(i Creohiuiii, Mutual Corset Co.,
dwelling, ?S!iOO; 23ST. Dundas, C.
Peterson, dwelling, (2200; f.50 I'ncillc, Canadian Pipe Co,, factory,
$9000,
Oct, ,20—1G20—6th Ave West,
M. IH, Draitliwfiito, allorntions,
(1000.
Oct. 23—210 Union, J, A, Allan,
dwelling, (2500; 2930—l&tb Ave.
Wost, W. H, Moore, dwelling, (2200;
2791 Cuml.rldifO. A. E. Rattle, dwelling, (3500; Stanley Park Pavilion,
Park Commissioners, tea rooms,
(0000.
Oct. 2*1—3297 Napier St., Jas.
Coles, dwelling, (2500,
Oct. 25—2821 Union St., D. A.
Mcltae, dwelling. (2500.
Lectures on History of
Past Create* Great
Interest
"Communal versus Imperial
Christianity" was tho subject of
the lecture last Thursday, Oct. 19,
given by Dr. W. J. Curry. It was
shown that primitive Christianity
was a move on the part of the oppressed classes of Judea, to throw
off the yoke of imperial Rome, and
establish a religious communism.
The great rebel chiefs, Verlathus,
Spartacus and Eunice, had been
crushed, and tens of thousands of
their soldiers crucified. Forco -of
arms had, therefore, failed, but
there was another hope. Had not
Jehovah freed their fathers from
the cruel-task-masters of Egypt,
and could He not free them from
the yoke of Rome and their own
exploiters?
Had not their prophets foretold
tht coming of a Messiah, who
would liberate His people? So to
the workers of Oalllleo, Jesus appeared as the One sent to overthrow the enemy, and establish
Communism, or the kingdom of
heaven upon earth, and "the oommon people heard him gladly," but
Jesus was hounded, and hunted,
and finally crucified, even as the
other rebels of Rome were crucified. It was no "scheme of Redemption," but only Rome's way
of treating "sedition."
The speakor then read from Un-
terman's "world's revolution," and
other authorities showing that
Paul, the Roman citizen and pnt
rlotlc theologian, trimmed off all
the working clnss, nnd Communist
features of the Gospel of Jesus, and
made It flt tho slave economy or
Rome,
He had boon persecuting the followers of the carpenter, but on his
way to Damascus, "ho saw a great
light" which showed him his tae
tics were wrong. In fact they were
what Lenln terms "nn infantile disorder." He be?an to "bore from
within," nnd Inid away the club.
Rome needed a new religion, and
opiate for her slnves. The old
ones, like the empire, showed signs
of wear. By the year 427, the
church was fitted to be the mistress of the slave empire of Rome.
Constantine, thc Emperor, had
nlso seen n "vision," and so he called the bishops togethor, and
Christianity became the theology of
his empire, as it is today. Paul
had taught the slave virtues of obedience, faith and submission. The
ringdom of Heaven had been transferred across the river Jordan.
Pal vat lon had henceforth not
beon based on social Justice, not on
the Good Samaritan, but on "Believe or be damned," and "obedience to the powers Ahat be," and so
It Is to this day, declared the
spenker.
The Economic Basis or Rollulon
But why have these childish tales
of Jewish tradition lasted so long in
this age of science?
The fact Is science In conflict
with theology Is either not under
stood, or else the avorage man and
woman is ignorant of whnt the
church taught.' or today teaches.
Wc must ulso remember that the
development of social institutions
are based on that law known ns
"oconomic determination."
The Pantheon of Rome contained
numerous gods, nnd Home encouraged all j'cligfons, providing they
did not clash wilh imperialism, and
chattel slnvory,, or her int create.
Primitive Christianity clashed
with tbe prevailing Ideas, and theology of the empire, because it
taught that lhe meek nnd lowly
should Inherit the earth, and "everlasting flre" would be the lot of the
oji pressor.
"Behold, I como quickly; this
generation shall not pass away until this Judgment would be pronounced and executed." suid .leans,
if tho gospels roport him correctly.
Dr. Curry quoted sime violent declarations of revolUon the part of
the Naznrene, and also from John
the Baptist, and James' "Go now
ve rleb man. weep and howl for the
misery that is coming, on account
of keeping bnck ihe hire of the
laborer by fraud,!' wns the kind of
Christianity that many In tho audience on Thursday agreed with.
This wns In accordance with
working clasu interests, but Paul's
and Constantino's creed of salvation
by faith In the doctrines wliich the
earliest throe gospels never mentioned. This brunch of Christian
ity Is quite in line with chattel
Slavery, and has been fn harmony
with the economic Interests of tho
master clnss ever since.
Tho clergy of the Mouth dootnred
negro slavery tt "divine." nnd proper institution while the preachers
of the North condemned li. wben it
stood In the way of their l>iHne»s
classes whieh needed Wage lnbor.
There are. said the spenker, several
hundred branches nf Christianity,
ill! moro or less conflicting wilh tho
other, and wo must remember that
tho horrors of the Holy Inquisition
wero not conflicts between heathen
and Christian, but between Protestant und the Church of Rome,
and considering other factors, onc
branch evidenced quite lis much of
the meek and merciful spirit of
Josus as tho olher.
Back of nil those atrocities mny
bo found the economic or financial
"nigger in tho wood pile." based
on thc struggle for life and happiness. "Tlie martyrs of science"
will bo the subjoct next Thursday,
and this will in part be a reply to
the Rev. Father Connolly's published report of hts address on
Professor Davidson's lecture on
"RollKton and Science."
Come and Look at tkis
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2^-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warmihg closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and closs selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$55
-CASH OR TERMS—
Hudson's Bay Company
WORLD NEWS IH
BRIEF PARAGRAPHS
Trinidad, Colo.—By voting for
consolidating tho craft unions into
industrial unions, the Colorado
State Federation of Labor, in convention here, went On record as the
llth State body within four months
to endorse amalgamation.
Chicago—Food, shelter, relief
and jobs aro being:* asked for former service men ln the American
Legion drive in Cook county. The
public is urged by lho Legion not
to forget the country's lighters of
the world war.
Tokio — "Dangerous thoughts,"
the royal crunlums will be guarded
against by special efforts on tho
part of the secret service department of the palace police. It seems
thnt the foar has grown that "dangerous thoughts" bave bcen filtering into the sacred precincts of the
palace and the Imperinl household
department through minor employees, merchants and messengers.
London—In viow of tho general
Impression that Labor majorities
on municipal councils mean high
local taxes, it Is worth noting that
tho lowest rate of any of lbe Loudon boroughs has just been fixed
by a Labor council, that of Hackney. This Is closely followed by
the Labor borough of Islington,
where the rate fixed is tho next
lowest.
Manchester, Eng. — Manchester
has, roughly spenking, .to.oot) men.
women and children depending fnr
existence on relief, oither from the
country or from the govornment.
Of these  12,000 are children.
When through with this paper,
uss It OD.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
OHIt nitdLATlON IS
IN<'ltl-.\SIN<.
GET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
Munich, Oermany—The workers
at Oliorammergau have refused a
hugo financial offer from a United
Stale.', film magnate for the film
rlahts to their Passion Play. In
spite of Mu'iicli caricaturists, who
have recently pictured the players
selling their art for money, the
village theatre lias nevor comiuer-
eii-lized its art, nor allowed the
players to make money out of It.
Vou may wish to help The Fed*
eratlonlsi. You call do so by renewing your subscription promptly nnd
sending In the'subscription of your
friend or neighbor,
YOUNG PEOPLE
1 ACTIVE
Hold Educational Meeting
Tonight and Dance
Oct. 31
The regular business mooting nf
the Soutli Vancouvor Labor Lengue
will be held tonight (Friday) ut
0202 Chester Street, at 8 "'clock
sharp. This meeting will bo a little different from the usual editcn
tlonal meeting, as the educational
committoe have secured the services nf a speaker for tho ovoning,
Next week's meeting wtll bo the
regular  businoss   meeting.
The members of lhe league are
holding a dance ott Hallowe'en
night, (tet. ,11, in the John Oliver
High School, corner 4,1th Avonuo
rind Georgo si root, admission for
ladies being 2Cc and«gcnts BOe. lie-
fresh ments will bc norved, and a
splondld orchestra will be in attendance.     [■Ivor*body welcome.
Hand tho Fed. to your Shop mate
whet- vou aro through with it.
NOTICE!
Logging Men!
< bristle's No. 200 Calfskin
Single Hole Stitcbdown Iloot
is the lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
A  NKW CltUATlOX
If you uae /uur feet s% n iledfce-
li-imm.T on houki, cbihu, etc..
thi'n buy Christie's Nu. 50 ind go
et it. Witeri>roof; guaranteed to
liold caulks.
Christie Boot
Factory
si cohdova West
I'Iioiic Sry. 30 JO
Big
Early
Morning
Meat
Sale
From 7 a.m. to 10 a.m.
We Offer You tho Biggest
Value in Meat in the City.
Dolled Pot Roasts, lb...8o
Choice Ovon Hua.sts, pel'
Ih 100
Rolled T-Tioii. Roasts, per
Hi 20c
I'oilc l_og3, lh 14c
Pork Butte, almost hopeless, lh 20c
BUTTER
SPECIAL
If you bring a copy
of this ad. with you wo
will allow you 10c for it
to apply on any 3-lb.
lot of butter you may
buy at the provision
counter. Good till Oct.
31st.
BABY  BEEF
Wc will have a choice
lot at very low priees,
Breasts, Ib 8c
Legs, lh 16c
Roasts, Hi 12V_o
l-oins, lb 20:
A Full Line of Specials in
the Province
Brink's
Market
152 Hastings
West PAGE FOUR
FOURTEENTH YEAR.   No. 3»
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER. — O.
..Oct-bor 27, 192;
There Is No Secret
. j      About Doing Better Shoe Repairing
BUT, Do You Get It!
The eare you have taken to keep your slices
watertight may he destroyed by had shoe repairing. It does not require much. Loosening
of the welts or careless knife cuts spoil whut
were good uppers.
We positively guarantee our work to bc absolutely correct in every way. Given the
best of materials, our workmen produco results
that will give lasting service nnd long comfort.
Try a pair of our special Paris oak-tan soles.
They are the hardest and heaviest gauge
leather that wc can procure and are eut in our
factory.
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings West
Tokio—The cholera epidemic in
Japan, which at first was not
thought serious, Is rapidly spreading in Fukuoka province, and from
there to neighboring provinces. The
campaign to combat it Includes instruction in the rudiments of cleanliness to school children, nnd the*
forbidding of the sale of fish from
Fukuoka province in Tokio and
Yokohama, as the first case reported is said to have occurred on a
fishing craft. The head of the hospital fighting the disease has himself been taken ill, but the authorities claim they have tho disease ln
check.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance tlmt tlie
render-- of Thc Federatlonist can
render ns at thta time, is by scour*
Ing n new subscriber. Uy doing so,
you spread the news of the working class movement and nssist us
EVERY REAPER CAN HELP
Every render- of The Federation i>t can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon ns tbey nre due, and
and by inducing another worker to
subscribe. It .tow not take much
effort to do this.   Try it.
WhyDol
Advertise?
JUST TO LET YOU KNOW THAT I AM
STILL IN THE BUSINESS OF GETTING
THE SICK WELL.
A scientific Chiropractor
will find the cause, and
spinal adjustments make
it possible for nature to
correct the cure.
Dr. WALTER STURDY
OFFICES: 312, 3, 4/5 DOMINION BUILDING
Telephone Seymour 2098 for Appointment
Lady in Attendance .
Hallowe'en Dance
Under the Auspices of tho
SOUTH VANCOUVER LABOR LEAGUE
Tuesday, October 31,1922
JOHN OLIVER HIGH SCHOOL
Corner 45th Avenue and Oeorge Street
Dancing 9 to 12
GOOD MUSIC
LADIES, 25c; GENTS, EOo
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
LUMBER,  SIIIXfil.KS.  FUEL, FENCE rOSTS
-HAULING-
l_M> MAISIXi: I-HIVK EAST
I'llflilo Eraser 107 1.2
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It lias cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has bcen worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
Will   Defend  Labor   in
the National
Legislature
Labor Guarantees in Constitution Are Under
Fire
(Federated Presa Correspondent)
Mexico City.—Led by Luis Morones, tlie labor bloc of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies appeared
before the fourth annual convention of the Mexican Federation of
Labor to pledge support to organized workers and to assure the convention that.it would defend its
constituents againBt the onslaughts
of capitalist elements In the nation's legislative body.
For the first time In its history
the Mexican labor movement found
that it had representatives and
spokesmen ln congress; found-
therefore, that in its annual meeting it had the job of making decisions on Questions of legislation for
the proper instruction of its deputies. A number of the latter wero
also delegates to the convention.
The overshadowing problem on
the legislative horizon is artielo
123 which contains the specific
labor guarantees in the present
constitution. Thore have beon
many projects put forth for the
alteration of this article, some
claiming it too radical, others that
it Is a conservative document. The
most formidable proposal before
the country in this connection is a
comprehensive plan Issued several
months ago over the signature of
President Obregon which provides
for the federalization of article 123
and levies a tax of 10 per eent. on
all employers based on tho amount
they expend on payroll.
To Help Proletariat
This Is in effect a raising of all
wages 10 per cent., which amount
is to go to tho national government
as a fund Cor workers' security. The
money will be invested in ways
whUh will holp tho proletariat,
such as the building of houses, and
will constitute a fund from which
are to be paid liberal old-age .pensions und compensation for accidents and death incurred in the
course of work.
Morones, after long debate, presented a revised resolution to the
effect that the Mexican Federation
of Labor endorse workers' security
as a transition principle without renouncing its right to demand a
grenter and greater share of the
profits of industry; second, that the
tax on employers which President
Obregon's proposal fixes nt 10 per
cent, should be raised to -0 per
cent.; 53 per cent, of the money
raised should be turned back
directly to the workers and the remainder administered for accidont
and old-age compensation by the
representatives of organized labor.
Just as the question was going to
vote A, J. Mijares, opposition lead
er and delegate from the Union
Minera Afextcaha (Mexican Miners'
union), in a final protest pointed
out that if made law the project
would put the enormous sum of
1,200 000 pesos ($000,000) a day
into the hands of the government;
that no government th:it Mexico
had evor hnd to date could honestly administer so large a sum and
that the hope of getting the law
passed with Its administration in
the hands of workers' representatives was illusory,
Morones Vplu-hl
Morones was upheld by a vote of
HO to 71, with 13 not voting. Following approval of the above proposal regarding workers' compenaation, the federalization of article
123 was discussed. After long debate no agreement could be reached. It was decided to call local
conventions in each state to discuss
the matter, these conventions each
to nominate one delegnte to a national conference to have power to
take final action in thc matter.
The Yucatan delegation came to
Mexico City with an axe to grind
and ground It fine. As representatives of the 03,000 organized members of the Socialist party of the
southeast (and its economic reflection, the league of resistance) the
five members of the delegation
were united in one object—the rationalist school.
In the enrly dnys of the convention hundreds of scarlet-colored
paper books were distributed
among the delegates—bound copies
of Orlente, the organ of the rationalist school of Yucatan, of El
Ruletln, organ of the Lengue of
Rationalist teachers, and of thc
rationalist education decrees of the
Socialist government of Yucatan,
To Transform Schools
In a preliminary speech ou education. Prof. Jose de la Luz Menu-
leader of the Yueutecans, president of the Yucatan Lengue of nationalist Teachers and Socialist
deputy In the Mexican congress,
proposed the complete transformation of all Mexican schools in accordance with the programmes
worked out in Yucatan; stating
that If the present Ri.-h-.ol system
continues nil proletarians will be
converted Into hongers-on of the
bourgeoise. He asserted that, although the constitution of 1017
specifically providod that all public instruction ahould be secular
and excluded the church, the
schools were actually being used
not only for sprending capitalist
patriotism but also for Catholic
propaganda.
Mena was forcibly seconded In
his remarks by a slender girl from
the state of Vallsco, representing
a feminist group of school teachers
In the city of Quudalajara, the
stronghold of Roman Catholicism
In Mexico.
Meanwhile a committee presented a resolution proposing a campaign within the labor unions for
the "defanatlzatlon" of the children of workers. The resolution
was unanimously approved, together with another petitioning the
government to enforce tho constitutional provisions regarding secular education.
Programme Submitted
After eons Id era ok) discussion the
Cab—Slicks to the Grave
MEXICAN l_.B0R|Brand of "Scab" Workers' Mark of
'bloc will
F
[By W. E. McEwen]    i .     <
(Editor of The Labor World, of
Duluth, Minn.)
T ET the "old timer" tell you his
•Lj story in his own words.
"I'd give the world if I owned it
if I hadn't weakened that time in
my early life during the--strike of
'94, when I deserted my shopmatos,
weakened their side and went (Sack
to work under cover.
"1 know what It Is l0 be called a
'scab.' One never ean becomehai-
dened to it. It follows him wherever he may travel, to the furthermost parts ef the earth. I have
worked with- professional Strikebreakers, the hardest and most
ealloui.ej of mortals. No word offends thsm like that of 'scab.' Indeed the strikebreaker has brought
himself t0 believe that he is a
gentleman alongside of the man
who belonged to tho union, violated his oath of membership, betrayed his associates and returned to
work during a strike.
"The 'scab' seldom feels his
loneliness until the striko is ovor,
when the company has no lurthtr
concern about his welfare and
when they have defeated the union.
The strikebreaker seldom remains
long on any job. He is gradually
frozen out by more competent meu.
Tho Remorse That Comes
"Some of the strikers usually get
back on the job and they bring
with them all the bitter memories
of the battle. That's when the
men who betrayed them begin to
feel it. It is not so much what is
said to them as the 'looks' they gst.
the coolness that is displayed and
the ostracism from which thev
suffer. Even the boss, so good and
friendly during his trouble, becomes Indifferent and unconcerned.
On top of ft all is the consciousness
one feels that he has not been on
the square with his fellows.
"I can Imagine the anguish of a
murderer after his crime, for I
know the remorse of a traitor to
labor. In my case the suffering extended to my family. My children
seemed different and eventratly
hold aloof from me. My ybnngeit,
one day, climbed up on my knee
and asked me in childish seriousness: 'Daddy, what's a scab?' That
question pierced my heart like an
arrow. I could not answer him. I
couldn't even look him in the face.
I evaded a direct reply by asking
him why he asked me such a question.
The Kids nt School
"Tho kids at school won't play
with me," he said with a pathetic
tone i:i his voice. "They say to me,
go on, get away from us, your father Is a "scab'." I tell you that
sturck home and made me regret I
listened to the honey words of the
company agent wnr. got me to weaken and crawl back to my job like
a worm.
"The next blow I felt was when
I cnmr| home one eveni'W and
found my wife In tears. She had
been 'black-balled' by a fra termi
order to which she hnd made application for menibershln. A kin'
neighbor had told her that they hud
nothfng against her, but there weie
members present who objects! tr
baving the 'wire of n stab' in the
order. She was a good wife and r
goo'l mother, and in addi'ion to
taking care of .hor household duties she found ample time to devote
to church nnd soMnl matters.
"While her old friends n"d nei-rh-
hors had alway-. been kind to her,
he wari sens''h.;e to a manre.t coldness thev o>-!.Jh te-1 ln her presence. It ws tint like that f'i other
days when I was one of th'1 boys,
and if hurt her. She finally gave
up o-evythin-r 0n the outside and
seldom ml"el with other people.
We had few callers and no real
friends. Fhe was not used to that
and it nffoo'ed her.
"1 noflcel her cheeks fadingnnd
deep llrei nppearlng ■on her face.
We resolved to go away, to go
s6mewtie'*,e where we wer-f not
known, and possibly we would be
ah'e in a r*mv community to work
our way into new friends.
"I re:?i;rne-l and went west, got a
(ob in a con -t town and sent for
my family, it looke.l promising
for us there. We attended eh-urch
'egularly. My wife, ma'^e friends
quickly and we were soon enjoying the social companionship of a
mighty fine lot of people, The color
came back to her cheeks nnd life
again grew to be worth whl'e.
"Then one day an old shppmate
from hack o-ist. appeared on the
job. Tho momont 1 pet my eve_ on
him the 'jig was up.' No sign of
recognition passed between us.
That afternoon many of the now
friends  I hnd  mado In  the shop
following programmo submitted by
the education committee was unanimously approved nmid loud ap-
p lause:
The rational school Is the only
effective method for propagating
libertarian idoas, recognizing the
rights of teacher and child and has
ns its principal aims the formation
of free and strong men, capable of
working for the social good and
educated for the social life.
A special education committee
shall he elected with the following
duties: To see that all primary
and speeial schools be administered
by organized teachers, emancipated
of religious or social prejudice and
afflliated with organized labor; to
extend rational and Socialist culture by means of lectures, assemblies, and the theatre; to publish
and spread books of libertarian
Ideas, science, philosophy and
sociul morals; to procure the expulsion from atl school positions of
thc Knights of Columbus and other
enemies of the rational achool; .to
transform the present school of social sciences In Mexico City (a
school maintained by the federation) into a school of agitation to
create propagandists for the rational school.
Salvador Alvarez suggested that
since almost 90 per cent, of tho
members of organized labor in
Mexico were nominally members of
tho church It might not be good
policy to attuck It so directly.
Tho convention heard a delegation from the Congreife of Missionary Teachers which declared Its
adherence to the cause of the
workers. Tho missionary teachers
are travelling teachers, maintained
by the department of education
and several of the state governments, who work among the rural
and mountain communities Spreading elementary education and
knowledge of agricultural methods.
seemed less cordial than they had
been. Later In the day a distempered helper whom I had asked to
assist me on a piece of work I was
doing, turned mo down and said he
'wouldn't help a scab/
"The curtain again came down
on my life. I didn't tell my wife
anything about it, but she learned
it the following Sunday coming
homo from church. I tried to get
back in the union and hoped by
doing so I could make amends for
the one mistake I had made. I was
informed by the secretary that I
would -have to straighten up with
the old local union, as there was a
fine entered against me there, and
it was more than I could pay.
Followed Hint from Home
"We soon departed for another
city further south on the coast. I
sought new employment, but luck
played ngainst me and wherever I
went I was reminded that I had
been a 'scab,'
"One day I learned that the president of the International Union
was ln town. I thought If I could
meet him and relate my experience
to him, tell him of my mistak'
hack home, of the tempting offer
that Induced me to weaken and desert my fellows, of my first thought
for the immediate welfare of my
family which proved to be our "undoing, and how I since tried to
muke good; if I could, tell him all
of that, he might advise mo of a
way out.
"I waited about his hotel for severnl hours and finally he came,
with a local committee accompanying hfm.
"I told my story in simple language, leaving out no detail. My
condition was desperate. My family was nol hungry, for I had managed, with ihe aid of my older
childron, to provide for them, but
food was not everything. We were
heirt hhngry. Wo lonp-eil for the
association of our neighbors. We
needed friends among our own kind
of folks. We didn't hove them
We were good living people, but
we were social outcasts, and it was
all due to a weak moment in my
life.
Pleads ITI-i Own Case
"No lawyer ever pleaded a case
for his client ns I did for myself
and family that day. When I had
finished there was lonx deep silence. The president was the flrst
to speak. He asked me a number
of questions about myself which I
truthfully answered. He then requested mo to step out of the room
for a moment while he counselled
with the lot-al committee about my
cuse.
"A few minutes later I was re
called and was advised to make application lor membership in the
local union, and he would take up
the matter of the fine that was imposed against tne by the union back
home upon hfs return to the international office. I learned later that
ie stopped off in that city and went
personally to the union meeting to
-.resent my case. A portion of the
fine was remitted and I was soon
n good standing again.
"Occasionally thereafter, a boom
er floating Into town, tried to tell
the local hoys of 'my record buck
east/ but they always headed him
off wt'ti somothing about charity
ind with 'Let he who is without sin
cast the first'stone/ You see, they
knev my case, had compassion and
forgave.
Tho "Mark or Cain"
"But I never again want to go
through the years of grief and
shame I put In wi h the Labor
'murk of Cain' upon my back. It
does not pay. Tho ostracism Isn't
all. Even Ilia boss has no time for
a 's.'nb' except when he wants to
use one to tide him over a strike.
When all is serene the emp'oycr
seems to bo as suspicious of the
'scab' as tho union men bitter
against him. The homespun philosophy of. Will Carleton thut 'a
man who can be false to one will
be 'he same with two,' is the philosophy of the average employer,
and because of it, he forgets the
'scab* when he shall have served
his purpose to him."
• Tho "old timer" paused for a
moment. Then ho straightened up
and said in conclusion: "I can't
hate a 'scab' because I have been
one; hut I pity him, I pity hfm with
all my heart. I only wish that
every workingman In a strike who
feels a weakening coming over him
would hut stop to think of the future and his cstrnn?(j.l relationship
with his follows. If ho does, he
will never be a 'scab'."
I
Fifty-six Additional Defendants Added
to List
Bail Is Fixed for $10,000
and Trial for
Nov. 27th
Chicago, 111., Oct. 20—While a
small army of federal agents swarmed around the city hall In St.
Joseph, Michigan, the prosecution
flled a now complaint in the syndicalism cuse involving Wm. Z. Foster, C. E. Ruthenberg, Culeb Harrison, William F, Dunne and othors.
The amended complaint contains
four counts, and the names of 56
adidtional defendants who have not
yot been arrested, but for whom
warrants have been issuod. The
defendants are now charged With
(1) advocating crime, violence and
sabotage as a means of accomplishing a political or industrial reform; (2) publishing and circulating literature advocating crime,
violence and sabotage with intent
to exemplify the doctrines of criminal syndicalism; (4) assembling
with the Communist Party of America.
- The defendants waived the preliminary hearing and the bonds of
those now at liberty were allowed
to stand until Nov. 27, when they
will be arraigned in the circuit
court. Ball Is still fixed at $10,000
each, but on Monday, the 23rd, a
motion for tho reduction of bail,
nnd a blanket bond for all will be
argued, following the filing of a
petition by the attorneys for the
defense.
The names of those in the new
complaint, but who have not yet
been arrested, are as follows; I.
Amter, J. Brahdy, M. Backal, Max
Bedacht, J. Ballan', Ella Bloor, M.
Bearson, G. A. Schulenberg, 0.
Carlson, J. Fisher, John Grlesinger
Benjamin Grefonson, Arnold Losov
sky, Rose Pastor Stokes, Hurry Winitsky, Alfred W.agenknecht, A.
Willinkin. W. Welhstqne, Walter
Bronstrof, Joseph Pbgney, Edgar
Owens, Hebc_cu Sacharow, Ale". B.
Georgian, A. Jakeri, H. Johnson,
L. E. Katierfield, Ed. Llndgren, Jay
Lovestone, Robert Minor, Sarah
Puroell, Boris Reinsteln, Arthur
Ernest Albright. Ella AllbWght,
John Doe Broflc, John Doe Gueno,
John Doe Croelar, John Doe Lun-
nlon, John Doe Marrinio, John Doe
Puree)!, John Doe Rnyfleld, John
Doe Frank, John Doe Mosig, John
Doe Erocherov, John Riley; John
Edmonds, John Leon, John Mason,
J. Kovak, John Doe Stall!; John Doe
Scot, John Doe Skate. John Doe
Clevlch, John Doe Jackson, John
Doe Johnson.
The State of Michigan has agreed
to bear the expense of extraditing
the Individuals who may he arrested in connection with the case,
and the county authorities state
that the search for the missing accused will now be prosecuted with
additional vigor.
Here's a Gabardine Coat
You'll be Proud to Wear
MADE from an all-wool gabardine cloth, fully proofed
by the oravenette process; it is fully lined
throughout with a beautiful pure wool check lining.
Comes in good shades of fawn and in all sizes.
Special $25
C. D. Bruce
LIMITED
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
EVERV HEADER CAN HELP
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as tkey aro due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe, lt docu not tuko much
effort to do this.   Try lt.
At tbe Empress
"The Easiest Way," now playing
at the Empress, is pleasing in no'
small way, but It ia expected by
the management of that popular
playhouse that next week's hill,
"The Hell Cat," will be the winner
of the season. Miss Margaret Marriott will bo seen in another of her
character portrayals similar to
that of "Aggie Lynch," In "Within
the Law." This has been conceded
to be one of the best of Miss Marriott's "types," and in the next
week's production, she will not disappoint. In the role of "Dutch," a
littlo fire-eater of the Bowery in
thc opening acts, sho carries the
character through the four acts of
intense melodrama to a climax
showing how a girl can, by her own
efforts and the sublime influence of
the love divine, rise to better and
nobler heights. Next week will sec
the flrst production of "The Hell-
Cat," and It will bo watched with
interest to seo if it will not put
dramas of "Within the Law" type
in the shade,
AT THE OHPHEl'M
Mr. Jazz plays no favorites. Hi
enters Into the lives of al! alike
and today has the greatest following nnd more advocates than evel
cast their lot with a cause or a con!
dition for a fad or a fancy, or what!
ever else jazz may be. Even thj
most staid and dignified of socio'
loaders have tripped the light fantastic syncopated strains of a slide
trombone, a saxophone, a drum,
banjo or nn oboe. From these jaz!
artists who have specialized In pro
vidlng regular rhythm for the ellt<
is Henry San trey. Henry Snntrej
has recruited his syncopated so
ciety band of ten musicians, whi
juggle notes with the ease of I
skilful juggler.
Mr. Sanfrey himself is a famou.
American baritone. His voice hat
been heard 1ft every manner o|
musical production, but now it Ii
devotted entirely to the best of jazz
It Is not often that a real vocallsi
lends himself to this sort of music
nnd so a man of Mr. San trey's re:
pufatlon comes under the heading
of a novelty, Santrey and his syncopated band are among the leaders in acrobatic musfc.
Empress
Hastings St. East—Phone Sey. 2492
WEEK COM. MON.. OCT. 30
MA2GABET   MARRIOTT   In
SoDBitloml Melodrama
"The Hel!-Cat"
Evenings at 8:20; 15c, 25c, SOc, 78c
Mats.,   Woit. anil  Snt.  at  2:.n0,   lfic,
26c,  10c, Pn renin night every Monday.
Top prloo 50c.
Phone Your Henervation.
Put  a   one-cent  stamp   on   this
paper and mall It to a friend.
S
The Inevitable "American
"Lady" Again Plays
Part
New Tork—William McPee, author of sea tales and a ship engineer who has traversed the seas
for mnny years, declares that the
cablegrams on the burning of
Smyrna ahd the yarns sent out
about "6000 Christian women and
girls" who were "distributed among
the Turkish soldiers," are propaganda. This latter atory, he says,
"Is obviously aimed to arouse racial
antagonism."
"In the flrst place," he declared,
"it ls entirely unnecessary to assumo that Smyrna was Intentionally fired. One dispatch says the inevitable American lady saw a Turkish soldier entering a house with
a can of gasoline. Tho comment
on that Is that gasoline cans nre
used ln the levant for evory Imaginable purpose. And it Is not out of
placo lo remember thnt whenever a
Turk wishes to set lire to a city
which he himself values very highly, Indeed, ho always arranges to
havo a lady of foreign birth watch
him do it."
Hand yonr neighbor this oopy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subwrlpllon.
We patronize those who patronize us.
Be sure to notify the post office
as soon ob you change your address.
J3P STUDENTS
I
Defy  Extravagant  Day
and Have Blowout on
One Dollar Each
(Ry the Federated Tress)
Tokio—Poverty stricken students fn Tokio showed up the hypocritical "Economy Day" by introducing an "Extravagant Day" at
tho same time. They pooled their
funds and found they had 2 yen
(tl) each to blow in in defiance of
Economy Day. Thoy went to a
modest restaurant where they ordered what to them was a bountiful dinner.
Ahout 40 business men, scrupulously observing Economy Day,
happened in at the same restaurant
to order whnt they considered a
cheap meal, but which In fact was
a good deal more luxurious than
the "banquet" the students had ordered. Discussion between the two
groups waxed hot, but stopped
short of violence.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
ARE JAILED
Greeks Who Were Oposed
to War Are
Persecuted
New York—All members of the
executive committee of the Oreek
Communist Party and the Greek
General Confederation of Labor
have been arrested and charged
with treason, The charge was the
publication of certain articles on
the war situation in the newspaper
Rizospastls. The peculiar feature
Ib that these very articles had been
approved and passed by the army
censor. The government asserted
that copies of this newspaper had
been carried Into tho Greek tranches In order to provoke anti-war
sentiment.
The central committee of the National Federation of Labor has issued a public protest in the course
of which they characterize the Turkish war as an Imperialist struggle
never favored by the toilers and
peasants of Greece.
You may wish to help The Federationist. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly ami
sending in the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
What    about    your    neighbor's
subscription?
r-ORPHEUM-
COMMENCING MONDAY. OCT. 30th
BENBT  SANTHEY
ROYAL OASOOIONES
"IHE LETTER WRITEB"
HARRY and ANNA SEYMOUR
MEEBAN'S CANINES
CUtACE DORO
Nights, 25C-I1 Mat!., 15c-40c |
Twice Dally, 2:30 anl 0:20
DANCING!
Every Mon., Wed. and Sat. BTeninga
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING. PAVILION
804 HORNBY ST. Opp. Court HoussJ
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT    '■
The Oliver Rooms}
4SK CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Hates Reasonable
Get your workmate to subscribe
for The Federatlonist,
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
HEALTH and WEALTH
If you suffer from "RHEUMATISM," CONSTIPATION, INl
DIGESTION, ECZEMA, BRONCHITIS, BOILS or your nerveJ
aro affected in any way; or you desire to have a fine, clear!
healthy complexion, we want you to try a package of our MARJ
VELLOUS REMEDY, YEASTOLAX. Among it's various eleS
ments Yeastolax contains the highest and most potent VITAl
MINES, which thc scientific world has found to be absolutely
necessary to bodily vigor. People all over the country havcl
found great relief through its use, and now feel thc joy of perj
feet health and vitality. Yeastolax also has thc properties ofl
being non-gripingly and mildly laxative, yet its action is sure. J
In order to quickly introduce Yeastolax into every community
wc will give for a limited time to any person who will mail uf
$1.00 to cover the cost of a liberal sized package,
ABSOLUTELY FREE
50,000.00 RUBLE.'
The Russian Ruble recently was worth 55c per ruble, giving
the above a value of $27,500.00.
Save this money; many a great fortune has been built up byj
buying foreign money after wars. It is rumored that $50,000,-
000,000.00 worth of radium has bcen discovered in Russia, and
thc press is calling attention to vast American projects of oil.!
and other industries that are being directed towards Russia.!
The Gfhicago Tribune on Sept. 12th calls attention to the new*
canal which has just been opened for shipping between Russia,)!
Germany, Persia and Central Asia, affording a new source offl
raw materials for the Russo-German combine, especially oil,!
manganese aud copper and opening up the rich Persian andfl
Central Asian trade to Germany and Russia. Think what thug
means; surely you canont afford to pass up the opportunity ty>$
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We want every person in America who is in need of our'jj
remedy to send for a package of our Yeastolax. Wo use this*
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and remedial properties of Yeastolax will be worth many timq
thc cost. You will be delighted with it—we guarantee that. JustJ
fill in the order blank below and mail at once, enclosing $1.00.«
You will get your package of Yeastolax and 50,000.00 Rubles!
without delay. Satisfaction guaranteed or money refunded.]
Remember, this offer is for a limited time only, so for yourj
health and future, act today.
YEASTOLAX COMPANY, _\
1253 So. Michigan Avenue, Dept. L268 CHICAGO;}]
Fill out Coupon below.
YEASTOLAX COMPANY, { •
1253 So. Michigan Avenue,
'Dept. L268, Chicago, Illinois.
Please send me a package of Yeastolax and 50,000.00 Russian.'!
rubles.   Enclosed please find $1.00.   You are to return money f
if not satisfied.
Name 	
Address '. -. '__ i
City State  I*!

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