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British Columbia Federationist Sep 19, 1924

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People's   Crimes and   Those of
Their Masters—Reforms of No
Avail in Long Run
Under    Oapitalism    Conditions
Exist Which Produce and
Develop Felonies
[By Frances W11I6]
A B.C. penitentiary official nas solved
the mystery or crime. Crime is
caused through lack of home disclplin
and laziness. It, therefore, behoves
the parents of to-day to follow the advice of good old Solomon and use the
rod more; and it Ib up to those responsible for tbe welfare of the masses
to cure the unwilling workers of their
It will be noticed that the official in
question is only concerned with the
crime of the working-classes. But
then, perhaps, bis broad and butter
depends on the narrowness of his
vision; and, therefore, he makes no
mention of tho crimes of the rich—of
tlie fraud, bribery, corruption and
robbery, which are characteristics of
big business. Nor does he mention
thut idleness is tho curse of the para.?
(files who live on the toil of the workers. He limits bis remarks to the
comparatively nsignlflcant crimes pi!
the poor, aiid he designates as laziness that natural wish for leisure.
And what if laziness is a characteristic
of the masses'.> Who would be ever
anxious to slave for another man's
profit. Tbe chief inducements to work
are tho law of self-preservation and
family ties, not love of the work, as
should be tho case.
Tbe law, which is concerned with
the "divine' right of property," in
most cases, and which was made for
the rich against the poor, for those
who have, agninst those who have not,
helps to maintain the social tie which
we are. living. So that our standard
of values is all wrong. A working man
\\i will be sentenced ■ to a. few months
hard labor if he dares to defraud the
railway companies of a few cents; yet
the same railway company is guilty of
extortionate robbery all along the line,
to say nothing of the vast tracks of
land which it has seized from the people.
To return to the speech of our official: he is of the opinion that crime
can be eridieatetd fro.m the nature of,
criminals by education ana religious
instruction within the prisons. Anyone who knows anything of the effect
of prison life and the* hardening, embittering process will disagree. Any
one who has studied the educational
system of capitalism will disagree.
And anyone who realizes the results of
supernaturalism and recognizes the individual rather than the social nature
of most so-called religious teaching
will disagree too. Reforms—even
prison reforms—are of no avail in the
long run. They may Improve the condition of those unfortunate enough to
incur the displeasure of the law, but
they never eliminate crime. They are
merely plasters on the social sores of
the times.
Crime is not due to capitalism alone,
for there has been crime since the
f wtorld began or rather since the insti-
j'tutlon of private property. But under
■^capitalism, conditions exist which pro-
i duce and develop and increase crime.
\ The deadly monotony of a good deal
[of modern labor has to reace some%-
'jhow; the miserable uncertainty due
[ to unemployment or sickness or ac-
Icidents has it? moral effect; and tho
fwretched conditions and degradation,
kin which so many thousands exist, are
I strong temptation to crime. Indeed,
\ greatt credit if» lue to the masses that
(there is not moro crime,
Aecordh',? t<- von I.W. "It i>- an
[established fact that a protracted In-
Industrial depression always results In
■lhe Increase of crime generally, ant*,
•especially of offences against proper-
I'ty." One wonders whether the mag-
[istrattes of western Canada ever con-
Isider that fact, in the light of the activities of immigration and shipping
Lastly, It should be borne in mind
Ithat a good deal of the savagery which
letxlsts to-day; a large.proportion, of
fihe crime ls due to the greaj war—to
■the effects on the minds of those en-
Igaged therein, and to the effects of
■those conditions which always follow
[war, namely, unemployment, unrest,
[poverty and hardship. Which Is
•another reason why the working-class
Ishould be pacifist.
_h Friends of The
B.C. Federationist
X —i—
pRIv'd3S of the B. C. Federationist have from
time to timfe been paying for copies of this
paper to be sent to likely members of the Federated Labor party, and prospective subscribers
to the Federationist, the F.L.P. official organ. No
doubt these prospects have now formed some
idea as to the nature of this publication and what
it stands for. >
It is very necessary that all who are interested in the
Labor Movoment should take their share of the responsibility in enlarging the scope of this journal, which is one of
the few B. C. papers devoted exclusively to the education
of the masses for a change of the system. We hope that
those who have been sent a free copy will now see their
way to become subscribers.
Protests Action of Burnaby Council re Case of Frank
Browne, M.L.A.
Tbo Problem In tho East
Obviously we should not be doing
anything for relieving the sweated
•workers of India by a policy of prefer-
lence. Indian capitalist's desire to
Ikeep their home market and some
firms are demanding a high tariff.
■English capitalists are looking abroad
■to establish their workB, which simply
■means that the work which would be
lllone in England is being done abroad.
■We are faced with the further fact,
Jhat•capitalism is still concerned with
I'rtroflt-mnking, nnd that all the talk
|jf imperial unity, preference, and all
The rest of it, is simply a cloak to
Ji'over the moves to secure the monopoly of markets.
Send In Your Bundle Ordors Now
Prices for The B. C. Federationist
[ordered in bundles: Fifty for *2, 100
|'for 13.50, 500 for $10.   Mailed to any
nd dress.
C.P.R. Employees and Part Time
Work—Child Immigration-
Other Business
rpHE regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council was held on Tuesdny night In
the Holden block, President .Hurry
Neelands presiding.
The action of th1) executive was
unanimously endorsod in protesting
the action of the Buruaby municipal
council by refusing to grant Frank
Browne, labor M. L. A., leave of absence to attend the next legislature
which opens at Victoria next month.
Several delegates spoke to the reso
lution. "It Is not a question of Mr.
Browne," said President Neelands,
in conclusion, "but it Is a question
of a principle involved that is being
It was stated that the C. P. R.
shops comencing September 19th,
would reduce their staffs. Some
time ago the employees were asked
to accept part time. The matter was
canvassed, and the men decided by a
vote ln favor of full time for some
and the discharge of enough to permit this full time.. Under full time,
skilled mechanics get $28 a week,
semi-skilled mechanics, $18 to $20,
and laborers $16. As the result,
workers in England will be kept
posted regarding labor conditions in
Vancouver and British Columbia.
The bringing out of children from
the old country for adoption here
will be investigated by a committee
of the council. As full a report
possible will be prepared for Miss
Margaret Bondfleld, who ls to Investigate child emigration conditions
in Canada for the British government.
A committee was nominated to
request either the city, the province
or the Workmen's Compensation
board to have a scaffolding inspector
The city council will be asked to
amend the Trades Licensing by.lnw
in connection with the drlve-your-
own-car automobile liveries. At present there is no recourse against car
or owner ln case of accident. Bonding is suggested.        <•
Labor representation on the Eight-
hour-day board will be asked for.
• Full compliance with the law will
be requested of the B. C. government ln the appointment of a woman
factory inspector to succeed the late
Mrs. Mahon. The vacancy must be
advertised and filled by a person experienced In factory work.
A suggestion was made that legislation be sought setting a minimum
(wage for men.
The carpenters reported that the
fair wage clause, setting |7 a day
for carpenters, had been ordered observed on government contract work'
ln the city.
Reject Western Fuel Company'
Proposed Reduction in
As Miners Are Not Organized
Strike Is Not Anticipated
NANAIMO,   B.   C,
largely     attende
Conventional Lies of our Civilization
The modern day laborer Is more
wretched than the slave of former
times, for he is fed by no master nor
any one else, and lf his position ls
one of more liberty than the slave, it
Is principally the liberty of dying of
hunger. He Is by no means so well
off as the outlaw of the middle ages,
for he has none of the gay independence of the free-lance. He seldom
rebels against society, and has neither
means nor opportunity to take by vio«
lence or treachery what is denied him
by the existing conditions of life. The
rich is thus richer, the poor poorer
than ever before sinco the beginning
of history.—Max Mardan.
Tho greatest assistance that the
renders of The Federatlonist can render un nt this time, l_ by securing a
new subscriber, By doing so yotr
spread the news of the working cluss
movement and assist no.
[From Our Own Correspondent]
Sept. 16.—At a
attended meeting of
mine workers held in St. Johns am
bulance hall thlsmornlng, the men
refused to take the proffered re_
duetion in wages, amounting, .it was
stated, in some cases to $2.00 and
$2.50 a day—mostly affecting piece
workers. A straight reduction of 25
cents a day was offered all workers
In addition to piece-work reduction
The meeting instructed the committee to' inform the management
of their decision; and the company's
attlaude is awaited with considerable interest. As the miners are unorganized a strike is not anticipated
Journalists Say Emigrants Will
Find Plenty of Opportunities
to Make Good Living
Four prominent Dutch Journalists
are, we are told, taking back the good
word to their countrymen, that Canada Is the place for any man who Is
Willing to work, though he may have,
to put up with some hardships for his
first two or three years.
Please note: They are travelling as
the guests of the C. P. R, under the
personal convoy of Arthur B. Calder,
special representative of that * company.   Therein lies a tale.
Our friends from Holand made this
startling, discovery, however, {hat
should prove enlightening to our own
citizens. They say that the emigrants
will not find the sleets paved with
gold, but that they will find plenty
of opportunity and may be assured of
a good living for themselves and families, and eventually, perhaps a com-
petance. They should have said tin.*
eventually, perhaps, by chance, maybe, they might happen to gain a llvli-
hood for themselves, but for their
families it Is doubtful.
But that Is the way the old worm
being run to-day. No one ls taking
into consideration the stern realities
as they actually are. "It 1b all, more
pr less, make believe, on the part of
those who are trying to put over such
piffle, for propaganda. Is It to be
wondered at that we are In the position that we find ourselves to-day
when men and women are going about
the country telling such absolute rot.
When they show us how to stop
those that we have gotten Into this
country already, from going elsewhere,
after they have been here for a time,
w would be very much. obliged. Of
course, we do not mean that they
should resort to force to keep them
here. We would like to see how they
are going to make things so enticing
that people will want to stay here of
their own free will. When they have
done that, we will be convinced that
tbey are sincere, and not until thon.
Mrs. Henderson Lectured
[From Our Olwn Correspondent)
Vernon, Sept. 17.—Mrs. Rose
Henderson gave nnother lecture a
the Alhambra hall, In this city, under tho auspices of the Vernon local,
Federated Labor Party of B. C. Her
subject was "Russia Yesterday, (and
To-day, Under a Workers' Government." The audience listened very
attentively, and I nm sure thoir
views on Russia have changed very
considerably since hearing Mrs.
Henderson's fine lecture. The local
hore Is mnking nice progress, and
1 am mire will continue to do so.
Burnaby Council Refuse
Leave of Absence to
F.Browne, MIA.
■THE municipal council of Burnaby again, by a vote of 4 to
2, on Monday evening last, decided against Mr. Frank Browne
being allowed the necessary leave
of absence to attend to his duties
as a member of the legislature at
Victoria. Such, an action was
taken after sufficient time had
elapsed for all members of that
council to have been able to have
given'this matter the consideration that it deserved.
Any excuse that.the majority
of the council might make, must
fade into utter insignificance,
when one realizes.the blow that
has been struck at our boasted
political and democratic freedom,
If that freedom is to be deprived
the workers, by ta.king from them
the representation they have gamed legitimate methods, then what
have they to look forward to. Is
not all this boasted freedom
nothing but mere mockery? Is it
to bc wondered at that our com
mjuustic friends feel that ,they
have cause to doubt the wisdom
of resorting to any other method
thau that of physical force? Onc.
is almost inclined to agree with
Reeve McLean, at the prcseiu
time, draws down a salary 01
something like. $1,000 as reeve.
He gets, perhaps, $1,200, owing to
his position on the sewerage
board. Had he gotten into the
legislature, he would have gotten
another $2,000. And on top of
al this he has his private Income.
Would he have given up all these,
we wonder? Wc don't think so.
Frankly, the whole matter looks
as-though some one is venting
their spleen, because they were
beaten hy Mi'. Browne; and they
are now resorting to lowest of all
forms—retaliation, that of hitting below the belt. Not even
among those who are ardent adherents of the moSt primitive of
all sports—pugilism—are such
tactics tolerated for a second.
We wonder now what will be
thc attitude assumed by our reactionary friends, and all those
who are sticklers for British fair
play. Will they be as anxious to
see their oppononts (political) get
fair-play? Will they really stand
by those in the labor movement
who have adopted the democratic
means, which they have always
urged us to follow?
Will our ministers of the gospel really stand up in thcir pulpits and speak out their honest
thoughts regarding this affair?
If they arc sincere, they must do
their duty. If they do not, then
they can never reproach thc labor
movement for looking on them
askance, and viewing them as a
group who "preach but never
practice." Whether they are in
agreement with thc ideals and aspirations of thc labor movement
has nothing to do with this affair.
It is a matter of principle, purely
and simply.
To even think of having to go
to thc courts in such a case as
this is too absurd. The people
themselves, the highest court in
the land, hav<^ passed their judgment. Why, then, should this
matter have to come beforc any
ordinary judge? No, the workers
are gradually, awakening to trie
seriousness of thcir social conditions. They are beginning to
make their influence felt through
normal legal channels. Now our
enemies have to resort to methods
—long ago tabooed among a respectable people, at least in
theory, if not in fact—resembling
those used by common ordinary
thugs. Taking away the means
whereby we live and then telling
us we are a free, people! Such
Workera, lovers of liberty,
friends of the oppressed, thc freedom that wc have enjoyed is being
taken from us, Let us, onc and
all, rise to thc occasion and acquit
ourselves like men. Duty never
called more urgently than it docs
to the workers today, het us
About Kuw-la
Articles about Russia will appear
subsequent Iflslles of Thc Federatlonist by Mrs. Rose Henderson,
e writes from aetual observations
that country. These will he great-
appreciated by our readers. A
ture will bo given under auspices
the Federated Labor party, Sun-
week. Announcement of place
time will  bo given later.
If It ls in the best Interests of tho
worltors, The Federatlonist Is for it.'
If not, it Is against It.
Boost  for our advertisers,
are helping boost for you.
New Westminster Lahor
Party Grand Rally
Labor Temple, Royal Avenue and Seventh Street,
on Wednesday, Sept 24th, at 8 o'clock p.m.
J^RS. ROSE HENDERSON, who has recently
returned from a tour of Europe, including
Russia, will be the principal speaker.
Addresses will also be delivered by HARRY.
A good programme has been provided, and
an enjoyable evening is anticipated.
A special invitation is extended to Vancouver
and Burnaby comrades.
Normal Individual Panes Fonr
Stages tram Babyhood to
Organize   Branch of   Federated
Labor Party of British
Officers Elected—Membership of
Five Hundred Is Assured
Within Short Time
[From Oui" Own Correspondent]
Cranbrook, B. C, Sept. 18.—At a
meeting held here recently the
Cranbrook branch of the B. C. Federated Labor party was formed.
Provisional officers were elected as
follows: President, Wm. Henderson;
vice-president, H. Gammon; uecre-
tary-treasurer, Geo. F. Bond; executive committee, C. F. Maidriient, T,
H. Bronsdon and R. T. Tiffin. A
membership of &00 is assured in
short time. Many electors freely express themselves aa being opposed
to the old_line parties, anbNthe outlook for a workers' party is'very ei
cou raging.
How £ig Finance Controls Government—Conservatives Frame
Imperial Policy
WRITING In the Socialist Review
" for August, John Scurr, M.P.,
says; "If Labor is to control the destinies of this country it will have to
face the fact of the British empire,
and in so far ns It ls able to deal with
this problem, will depend the future
of the world's peace. Liberalism has
failed to take no^ce of the changes In
industrial development during the
last fifty years. Conservatism does
take notice and frames an imperial
capitalist policy. After 1870 capital
invested in metals became much moro
important than that invested in textiles. The products of Iron nnd steel
are mostly capital goods, such as
machinery, steel rails, etc., and they
require considerable finance. The textile importer only wanted people to
buy hts wares. How they were governed, provided they puid their bills,
did not matter. AVhen, however, your
money Is invested in railways and the
like in the new countries, It Is important that you control the government
in order to safeguard your investments. You want a monopoly, and
free trnde seems to be a foolish idea."
Decline to  Grant  Leave of Absence to Labor M.P.P. to At-
tend Parliament
Denr Deer Forests
Some of the Scottish deer rorests a'e
of enormous extent and fetch v«ry
high rentals. The forests of Mar
alone, with its 80,000 acres, ls almost as large as two of the counties
of Scotland; Blackmount covers nearly
as much ground as the county of London; Reay stretches over a hundred
square miles; and there are fourteen
other forests ranging from 30,000 to
61,000 acres. In all, these Scotch forests, which number over 150, have an
area four timeB as large as Westmorland, and yielded a rental revenue In
1914 of about half a million poundb
sterling. For a single forest, Iver-
could, a rent of £5,000 has been nsked
and paid. Invermark would not be
considered dear at £4,000; Glenquolch
at £3,000; and Mamore at £2,:5O0.
The county of Perth has a yearly
shooting value of £150,000, and the
shires of Ross, Argyle, Aberdeen, nnd
Inverness have a sporting revenue averaging little short of six figures,
upleee, So great bas bcen the growth
In rent values thnt Coignafearn, wblch
was let a couple of generations ngo for
£30, found a tenant not long ago for
£2,000, There aro less than two million acres of land growing wheat In
Great Britain and therefore those liv-
Labor Men From All Parts of
District Refued Permission
to Speak
[By our Burnaby Correspondent]
"TDMONDS, B.C., Sept. 18.—On Monday night at the meeting of the
Burnaby municipal council a letter
was read from Mr. Frank Browne,
labor M.P.P., asking them to reconsider their decision and grant him
leave of absence to nttend parliament
in October. There was considerable
discussion and Mr. Browne endeavored to show the council how the accountant's wbrk could be carried on
during his absence at Victoria, and
even volunteered to assist his substl-
ute every Saturday and Sunday, if
necessary, until his return to work-
As the matter stands, there ia a verbal
promise of the reeve and councillors
that should this parliament dissolve
during the coming session, and Mr.
Browne then desires to step out of
the political arena, his position at the
hall will be open for him. Both
Councillors Neville nnd Engberg made
a strenuous effort to have the council
rescind their decision given at the
previous meeting and then go on
record as granting Mr. Browne leave
of absence for this session, leaving
the future sessions to be Handled fly
the new council. The reeve persiBtea
in his statement that the work at the
hall received his first consideration,
and was backed by the councillors
with the exception of the abovenamed;
and, although there was a large gathering of labor men from all part's of
the municipality, they were refused
permission to speak, The writer was
present and got the impression that
"the powers thnt be" were dead set
on Mr. Browne resigning his position
at the hall, and that his work wns a
secondary consideration and an excuse
to cover the real issue. After the
discussion closed, a letter was read
From the Vnncouver Trades and Labor
council but no action was further
taken in the matter.    *
However, the fight has just begun,
nnd the Burnaby council will find
that they have started a snowball
down a tremendous long hill, and,
should the ball get so largo and burst,
they must not be surprised to find
themselves burled underneath it, A
petition is being circulated for signatures by Burnaby voters, nnd It is up
to the people now to get behind the
labor men in their struggle for freedom. These petitions nre in the
hands of the locat labor mon; and
an appeal is made Tor all those who
voted for Mr. Browne, also all our opponents who believe rn fair play, to
see that their signatures appear on
this petition.
Why He In a Socialist
I will tell you what helped to make
me a socialist. I formerly belonged,
in my unregenernte days, to the liberal
party, and I was as enthusiastic then
as I hope I am now, and I went canvassing night after night during the
period when you had to put people
on the register. I went to a doer ln
one of the worst streets In Bromley-
by-Bow. I knocked at it, and a woman dressed In a sack came to that
door. This wns thirty-fine years ago,
and the street is just as foul now as
It was then. That woman came to the
floor in a sack in which were boles cut
out for her arms to go through, and
a hole for her head to go through.
Sho asked me what I wanted. 1 said,
"I wnnt tb speak to your husband.'"
She sold, "lie Is not in. What do you
want with hlhl?" I said, "I want to
know If ho is on the register. I want
lo get bim bis vote." She swore *tnu
ing  there  must  loolt  to  Canada  for  ga|d, "What Is the good Of the vote to
Work of Education to Implant
Ideals by Which One Oaa
Serve tiie Community
[By Psychologist] *
Tbe Boy: The normal individual
passes through four stages in developing from babyhood to adulthood. The
factor which determines his development into a more or less Independent,
altruistic and responsible creature Is
the dominating emotional interest
, In considering the following stages
lt must be remembered that they
represent the average, and that there
is a great difference between individuals. ,
At flrst, tbe baby is purely egocentric, I.e., self-centred; he Ib dependent and lrresponsiole. Interest,
however, soon develops ln the mother,
and at first she is the only emotional
factor in. his life. Later, Bhe becomes
the dominant emotional factor. Now,
unless this relationship discontinues
after the age of, eight the child cannot grow up. Everyday life affords us
many examples of tne paralyzing effect that a mother's emotional domination can have. Rebecca West's
novel "Tho Judge," concerns Itself
with this question, to some extent;
Those who havo made a study of the
development of boys and correlated
it with a study of their dreams have
found that the "unnatural" youths
who have never been in love often
owe this state of affairs to their devotion to their mothers, which, from
a biological standpoint, Is tragic.
The normal child, at the age ot
seven to nine, transfers his Interest
to his father and a little latetr to
older boys, and somewhere about the
age of seventeen or eighteen he begins to take a greater Interest in his
personal adornment. He is beginning
to be awtare of biological tendencies
and from this point his interest ln a
potential mate begins; normally this
should lead to courtship, marriage
and parenthood.
The Girl: In the girl's development
the flrst phase is exactly the same as
the boy's. During the second stage
school fellows occupy the dominant
position; and, during the third stage,
from fifteen to eighteen, usually, the
father plays the most crucial part.
Throughout the whole development
the maternal urge is more or less
As to whether the girl makes the
necessary adjustment to life in general, and to the idea of parenthood
In particular, depends very largely on
the Influenco of school-fellows and
parents. With the former, there is a
danger of- sentimental attachments
which often create much perplexity
in the minds of parents and teachers.
Co-education, under teachers whose
attitude to life is natural, should tern,
to turn interest in other directions.
Thc influence of tbe father cannot be
over-emphasized; his treatment o.
th mother is a critical factor, though
mnny people do not realize this.
Many breakdowns in later life can be
traced to the father's failure; and
permanent hostility towards tho other
sex is also a frequently encountered
It will thus ben seen that the task
of parents and educators ls fraught
with grave responsibility nil along.
Perhaps no greater ruie can be given
than that implied by Bernard Shaw
when he wrote: "The greatest abortionist is he who tries to mould the
child's character." Freedom to de.
velop that Is the great Ideal. Thc
child should be allowed to puss
through each of his normal singes;
his early egoism or selfishneBs, his
imaginative stage, his period of laugV
able vanity should | be allowed full
scope. Thero is little danger then oi
repressions coming to tbo surfnee In
later life ns neuroses and complexes.
The new psychology lays great
stress on the rights of the individualism, and it has been urged, at the
expense of the claims of society. But
where the individual who has had
perfect freedom to develop aright,
falls to show the necessary social
qualities, it la to be feared that education has failed. For it is thc Work
of education to implant ideals and
bring out these qualities by which the
individual can serve tho community
to which ho belongs.
thoir main supply of the most necessary of food stuffs.
The Fedorationist is out to hclj
tho workers. There is no noblei
work. Join us in tho fight. Gel
your friends to subscribe,
mo?" 1 wont homfl and thought about
that, and now I say to you, "What Is
tho good of a vote to the poor of this
country. If It is not going to he used
to alter the conditions ()f liro?"—Goo.
Lansbury. House of Commons, June
20th, 1924.
"It Ain't Gonna Ratal"
Another authentic    despatch    has
arrived   (no   signature  attached)   In
Paris  from  Russia!
There aro only two spots from
which these authentic reports from
Russia can omlnate, sell.: Paris and
Rigu, Tho latest report says the
whole of Russia, except tho suburbs
oif Moscow and 'Leningrad, nro in
tho grip of famine. Tho cause: A
kind providence, under careful bour-
goisfo advice and supervision has
decreed lhat "It ain't gonna rain no
more" In that benighted country
until bolshevism has boen overthrown. And tho peasants gaze
across lho borders of Germany and
England and envy these wcll-fod
people, in their beautiful homos, and
long for their freo happy lives, under
tho "little -father" when everybody
had  plenty to eut. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year.  No. ai* BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY September 19, Ifl**
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Fedorationist
Batfowl tnd Editorial Offlee, 1129 Howp St.
The  policy  of  The  B.   C.  FederationiBt  if,
illed 1 ..-.—-
erftted Labor Party of _iiitit.li CgjuntWl
a lot more good than he is by carrying ou as he is.
While he is protesting against the
idiotic worship of Russia, why doesfessary opportunity to gain a livllhood
he not protest against the ridiculous
propaganda that has been carried oil
insane, we would hasten to discover
some means whereby every man and
woman would be assured of the iiec-
Kuhscrijnnm Rate: Untied Statos and Foreign, $8.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.60 for six months; to Unions sub-
scribing in a body, 16c per member por
The  FlmI era tion ist  Is  on  bale at   the  following news .stands:
E. J. GALLOWAY 940 OranviUe Street
  1071 OranviUe Street
P. 0. NEWS STAND 325 OranviUe Street
JOHN GREEN  205 Carrall Street
 Oor. Hastiugs aad Columbia Avenue
 Cor. CarraU aad Hastings Streets
 131  Hastings Street East
 136 Hastings Street East
 103 Hastings Street West
 Cor. Haatings and. Abbott Streets
FRIDAY September 19, 1824
TIIE $150,000.
CERTAINLY the conservatives and
liberals in England must be ln
desperate straits for campaign ma-
tetrlal when they have to resort to
such tactics as they have apparently
resorted to, in connection with the
gift to Premier MacDonald of the
$150,000 worth of shares In the greai
Scottish biscuit company.
These tactics will, In this instance
redound against them. In the old
days when they were in control, such
occurences usually meant all that
thoy would like this one to mean.
On such things, elections were lost
and won. It Is realized by all who
give these matters any serious consideration, that the price capitalism
is willing to pay to anyone who will
betray the public, Is such that it
forms a most effective weapon with
which to flght. and fight'effectively,
the enthusiasm of many reformists
and idealists.
Such tactics on the part of capital-
Ism has held back the 'progress u.
humankind in no small measure. It
Is not doubted that many of our so-
called ardent labor leaders have sola
themselves to our enemies for som-b
monetary consideration. Such tactics
have been more effective In delaying
the progress of the labor movement
than capitalism Itself. It is ope thing
that we have more reason to fear than
anything else. ■».
ln this instance, however, Premier
MacDonald is too well known and too
favorably known by those with whom
he hns been associated and for whom
ha has given, tho best ln his life,  in
nu endeavor to better .their conditions
in this life, for them .to be misled by
any such contemptible tactics as those
we have   just   been   reading   nbout.
When men have worked as long, and
as   ardently,   and    with    the    same
amoant of very obvious sincerity that
Premier MacDonald has displayed In
the trying years that have passed, we
have no cause to fear his betraying
the principles for which he has fought
so hard, and  willingly sacrificed tnu
many comforts he might have otherwise enjoyed. •    ■
rognrdfng that country? The aver
age intelligent human being toda;
feels that he must look elsewhere
than to the daily press if he or she
would ever get anything like the
truth about conditions as they exist
there. It is not that wo worship Rus
sia. Far be It from us to ever do
that. Conditions as they are in
Russia will, in our humble judgment,
never be satisfactory for this country. Nevertheless, its successes and
Us real failures—not those given to
us by the daily press, necessarily—
ought to be known and understood by
us to help us on our way, and to aid
us in preventing such failures occur-
Ihg here, when labor is called upon te
tako hold of the reins of governn_e.iV-
in this country, as it will undoubtedly huve to do in the not distant
We believe, Mr. Buttertleld, thai
you have ability, and that you have
an insight into the social tragedies
that are being enacted everywhere
about us, and that were you a free
agent—which we are prone to believe
that you are not, or you would not be
where you are—you could be of a
very material assistance to the labor
movement in its endeavor to mak*-
thlq world a better place for a^ mankind to live In. Use your pen to help,
not to ridicule. If you have a bettei
way, let us have it. The labor movement adherents realize full well that
all is not perfect. They at least en]o>
that amount of sanity.
REAP,   with   some  interest,  a
or  so  ago,   a  few   remarks
from our old  friend, Mr.  Butterfield
about the Federated Labor party and
their summer school at Summerland
Apart from his little chat with Mr
Logie, we were amused over hts apparent concern for the "dignity of the
labor movement and the sanity of Its
progress." We were of the Impression
that the more undignified and rldicu
lous he could make it appear, the better he would be satisfied. There
a great number of people Just like
our friend in this world. They stand
on the outside and criticize, .but the>
never think of joining iu and allowing
the influence of their, all-impressive
personality to shed its radiant hu.
over the struggling movement nnd
show to It the way to better things.
Perhaps there's a reason. Perhaps
they would not Tie able to enjoy t\)i
the good tilings In life that they t
enjoy if they were to bc so unwise
as to take such a step, There aro a
lot of people in Just such a position.
Perhaps Mr. B Utter field;'! is in that,
position too.
We recognize tbere ..tre 11H sort!
of things occurlng within the labor
movement that do not meet with tho
favor of its most urdont adherents,
let alone satisfying those who are on
the outside and who are happier finding faults than finding remedies.
Nothing will be ever accompliHheo
that is really worth while until right-
thinking and sincere people Join in
this movoment with till thoir heart
and soul. Criticism should como
from within. Many ardent and enthusiastic souls, who might have
Otherwise been a great holp to such
a humanitarian movement had. they
slayed with It. have been weakened
by the criticism from those who are
supposed to be high-minded and respectable citizens.
If Mr. Butterfield would get busj
and give us some sincere, honost uud
constructive Ideas to help us on tho
way to further that stale towards
which all mankind is groping, even
though It bo In the dark, we cannot
help but feel that he would be doing
ANY of us have been wondering
for years past, what was the
cause of crime. Now we know. We
have learned the reason from no
less an authority than General St.
Plere Hughes, D. S. 0„ inspector-
Igpneral of penitentiaries for Canada. He ought to know, one jwould
think, for he sees the results of
crime as do few others of us. Let
us analyze what he is reported to
have said recently.
'In the consideration of plans to
diminish crimo and reduce the number of criminals there nre two important matters to be considered,"
said General Hughes. "One Is the
prevention of conditions which tend
create, encourage or develop
crime. The other is the proper
classification and care and treatment of offenders, including the per.
ntanent confinement of those who
have been shown to be incurable."
With the above we are In hearty
accord; but to our surprise, he has
had reported but fe\v words whioh
'{show, what he considers to be the
conditions (which tend to create, en
■courage and develop crime. That
is the ait-important side of the
.question, to ou^ way of thinking, and
t|ie only aspect that should, at the
present moment, engage our minds.
The general knows full well that
men and women have to live. He
knows full well that, If they do not
get enough to supply thoir bodily
requirements that they are very
prone to do something that is perhaps not permissible according to
law, to obtain such necessities. He
knows full well, or If he does not,
then he is no man to talk to us about
the prevention of crime, that there
are thousands of men nnd women to
day who are only too willing to gain
their livllhood by honest toil, but
who are deprived of that opportunity. What are these people to do?
Live like rnfaj Many of them nrel
doing that to-day. and all thnt we
jrive tbem is our sympathy and advice—the latter, by the way, Js
usually  quite   Unworkable.
He said there Is a lack of home
lifo. Most certainly there is. Who
it. to blame for that, in many, many
Hundreds of our young, men and
women are longing for real home
life, but they cannot get it. Young
men- cannot obtain work, then how
are Ihey to provide homes for their
wives If they married? If the general
'denies that such a state of affairs
exists we will only be too glad to
demonstrate the truth of these statements to him. There is no discipline
in the homes, he suggests! How can
there be In mnny of them, when tho
parents are out walking the streets
in a vain search for work, while the'
children are running wild at home,
and porhaps hungry? The instinct
of self-preservation Is a very important factor In this life. The general
ought to know that.
Working too Tew hours and idling
loo many, is another of bis suggested causes or crime. Quite right, perhaps. But why are they working so
few hours? We know many who
would be only too glad to be nt
work, and who loath the very
thought of having lo be idle, yet they
are Idle, in spit of It. Would ho
suggest that it makes any difference
what the cause of their Idleness was.
we wonder? Satan, It has heen
said, always finds work for idle
hands lo do.
If our friend would only honestly
face tho actual living eonditlons that
confronting the average man and
woman to-day, he would see all the
reason In the world for crime nnd,
instoad of worrying too much about
the criminal  himself,  unless he wero
without having to seillf themselves,
body and soul, to the highest bidder
on the market to-day. It is a most
atrocio-us thing to think that wo call
ourselves a civilized and a christianized people, while, at the same time,
we allow such a state of affairs to
exist in our midst, which is at all
Limes driving men and womon to the
very brink, of crime almost every
day of their livos, in ordor that they
might simply exist—not live in common decency.
As we have suid many times be
fore, we are not honest with our
fellows. We accuse thetn of things
for whtch they are not responsible,
we are sure, in the sight of the Almighty. If the general and his kind
were sincere, they would set out post
haste to remedy the many social
evils that are existing everywhere
about us and would not be so hasty
in passing Judgment upon their less
fortu hate fellowmen, We have ull
been looking upon these matters
from a superficial point of view, and
cannotitoo soon give them the earnest, thoughtful and painstaking
consideration that they deserve, and
which we must, if we are to justify
our existence In the sight of Almighty God.
Even our would-be reformers, of
the type of the' general, and many
of our ministers, so obviously govern their conduct according to their
bodily needs, that they have no right
whatever to pass Judgment upon
.others who, to fulfil their requirements have gone a step further than
have the others, in the methods
they have adopted, but who were,
perhaps, more Justified in taking
those steps than were our minister
and reformist friends in taking those
they have chosen. Let us not be
too harsh in * passing judgment.
Judge not that ye be not Judged. To
err is human, to forgive divine. Let
us be at least honest in our criticism and whatever intelligence we
may have, Jet us allow it to have
full play.
creasing numbers, flocking to the ban
her of labor, for it is there, in spite
of all the lies that have been told and
published about them, that we can
see any ray of hope for the rising
generations, the editor of the Vancouver Daily Province notwithstanding.
UNDER the heading, "Money from
Moscow," there appeared an editorial in one of our evening papers.
The closing paragraph of the editorial
was as follows: "Whether a genernl
election takes place in Britain in the
immediate future, or Is deferred to
December, it seems fairly clear that
there will be an attempt to force to
the front as the major issue the
question of the acceptance or rejection of the communist idea by the
British people. A decision must be
reached on this point some day, and
probably the sooner it Is decided the
better." i
Having failed to arouse the resentment towards the labor movement
that they had hoped to, and feeling
that the people of Britain are being
convinced more and more as the days
go by, that the labor movement is
aftetr all the only movement that is
trying honestly—and we may aao
wisely—to bring about a happier
state for the common people, the
Vancouver Daily Province, like alt
other daily papers of our land, It
would appear, are lending themselves
to the task of trying to create where-
over and whenever they can, a falsi/
impression regarding, that labor
movement. '
They say very little about what
labor is trying to accomplish and
about the difficulties that are being
needlessly put in their way by the
old-line politicians, and never hove,
and who, it would seem, never can
rise above that nefarious business of
discrediting their opponents, regardless of the good that they are doing,
and of the good that they would llkt*
to do and could do, were they buf
allowed to, by these very people who
are now condemning them. To further the interests of their respective
parties for the time being, that ma.i
work out, but certainly the day of
reckoning will come whon the people
will have awakened to the manner in
which they have been betrayed by
those who were supposed to be their
loyal servants.
To try now and raise tbe question
of bolshevisin, and make it appear as
hideous as they possibly can, wouio
appear to be their appointed task.
They have been at it long enough
during the past few years to make us
believe almost anything about bolsne-
vism. If a lot of reports aro trur,,
ihey have lied about it most emphatically, or so distorted lhe truth that
It could not be possibly be recognized
us such. But that seems to be thw
task of our dally press all over the
world. They arc fed and cared for
by tho capitalists' interests, and noed-
Iss to say, tbey, knowing which side
their bread Is buttered on, are ffoltib
to conduct themselves in such a manner as not to endanger their food
Against the greatest possible odds,
the truth for which labor stands ls
gradually being brought to the attention of the great masses of tho people,
who, In spite of the active opposition
of a paid press, ure gradually coming
to recognize the great fundamental
truths behind this movemont, They
realize that many of their own numbers have betrayed them, and what fs
more, many more will likely do the
same thing again, owing to tho corrupting Influences of capitalism, but
In spite of thut thoy nre, in ovor in-1
ACCORDING lo press reports, the
B. C. Scfibol Trustees' association has determined that expeundi-
tures for educational purposes must
'be  curtailed.
The teacher's superannuation did
not meet with their approval. They
wore quite able to look after themselves In this matter as Is done by
other organizations, it was stated.
Even the allowing of a few days
telck pay, or pay in case of enforced
quarantine   was   frowned   upon.
The teaching profession is ono of
the most responsible ones to-day
In our society. True It in, that many
of our teachers do not look upon
their profession wilh the seriousness
that they ought, and many, perhaps,
but make it serve as a stepping
stone to something which they .may
consider higher; yet, nevertheless, it
is a profession that merits the best
We can give. The amount paid the
average teacher is certainly not sufficient to warrant their making sueh
a profession their life's work. As a
result their sojourn in this line of
work is short. Just when, through
experinece, they are becoming a real
to our educational system,
they move on. This should not be.
In any other trade or profession the
result would be most deleterious indeed.   So it Is with teaching.
Economy, yes, but not at the ex
pense of the welfare of our rising
generation. If war were declared
to-morrow, there would be found
abundance of money. Let us flnd it
now, in times of peace, so that it may
be used to further the best interests
of our rising generations.
Our educational system is in need
of more, rather than less money, to
enable it to operate as it ought,
Surely we, of this and past generations, have stepped beyond the
bounds of common decency when
we, owing to our own selfishness,
and mistakes of the past, deny to
the generations, as yet unborn or
but in their teene, their JusJ rights.
There Is money in this world today, greater in amount by far than
in ages past, yet it is so hard to get.
It Is in the hands of but a few.
Their needs, they can fully satisfy.
The needs of the mases, mean nothing to them. If no other way presents itself, It may yet be necessary
to make that few uncomfortable ho
thnt they may realize their rightful i
place in this world.
Department of Labor Children's
Bureau, Washington, D.C, Issues an Important Report
/ANE-THIRD of tho homeless children in the Unitod States under
the care of .Public and private charitable agencies have found foster
parents who have taken them into
their   own   homes
Thfs is the estimate of the Children's bureau of the U. S. department of labor which has just issued
an Important report on "Foster
Home Care for Dependent Children."
This report, compiled under the dilution of the social service division
of the 'bureau, includes articles by
11 well-known authorities on child
The groiwing emphasis during the
past decade upon tho need of homo
care for the normal child has result,
ed, the bureau point out, in the effort, first, to prevent the break-up
of the child's own home "by, giving
"mothers' pensions" or public aid
to children in their own homes, and
second, to find a substitute home for
the homeless child. Results are evident in the fact thnt 42 states give
public aid to dependent children in
their own homes, that the number
of children in foster homes has increased substantially and that the
number of children in institutions
has proportionately to the child population  decreased.
Tentative figures place the number
of children aided in their own homes
at 127,000, the number in foster
homes at '70,000, and the number in
Institutions at 126,000.
, Foster homes care for children
who have no homes of their own or
whose homes are unfit places for
them to live in is not a new experiment, according to the Children's
bureau, which points out that this
method, under various names, has
been used for many centuries. However, modern standards of child care
have vastly Inereaaed its value in
promoting the welfare of dependent
children. The best public and private agencies carefully investigate
every foster home before they place
a child in it, and, after the child is
placed, they exercise careful' super,
vision so that the child's health,
education, and happiness are safeguarded. Such agencies study the
home conditions an the needs of the
individual child so that the boy __
girl whose own home may be saved
through a "mother*, pension"
from his family, while the child who
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Smart New
Utility Coats for Women
at $25.00
•THIE type of a coat one chooses for practical everyday wear is this utility model of tan teddy
cloth in bclt'cd style with patch pockets and inverted pleat in back. This coat is splendidly made
and is an excellent' fitting garment. Wanted sizes
Other new Coats with beaverinc collars are very
attractively priced at $35.00 and $30.50.
—Dr.vsdule's  Garment Shop,  Third  Floor.
576 Oranrille Street Phone Seymour 8540
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
Workmen's Compensation Board
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have
read the letters in you paper and
should like to tell you how I was
served by the Workmen's Compensation board. I had an accident, broke
my ankle. 1 was attended to by Dr.
Scott, of New Westminster, but the
W. C. B. objected, saying I was taking
too long. I was made to go to one of
their doctors they say ls a specialist;
but 1 do not think ho is as good as
some of the ordinary doctors. He got
me to the hospital on the promise
that he would straighten my foot
and put on a cast Then he
changed his mind and told me that
he was going to break my foot and
do an operation.
I told him I did not think this was
necesnry and refused, for which I
was put out of benefits altogether,
and have since had to bear all expenses which should have been paid
by the board. They owe me a lot
of money for doctor and time. My
foot got woll without the operation,
showing that I was right. Another
doctor cured my ankle without an
operation. I reported this to the
board. They told me this doctor
was no damn good, he wasn't
specialist; he was Just a common
doctor. I did not get any more compensation, just because I would not
have the operation which their doctor said I must have and which the
common doctor proved • was not
necessary. I am entitled to more
compensation under the law, but
under the powers granted to the
bonrd I cannot get lt.
The working of this board cer
talnly needs looking Into, and I Join
with "Ignorant Foreigner" in
demanding an enquiry which I will
gladly attend to tell how I was treat'
ed, and all I know which Is a lot
more than I can tell in a letter. 1
think enough has been brought out
In the papers lately to show that the
workmen aro not treated like hu
man boings by this board. I notic
ed that a doctor was sued because
ho said that the board was going to
let a specialist operate on a man
when he did not need it. That is
What they wanted to do to me, Wc
demand an enquiry. Yours truly,
Claim No, 89173
Barnct.  fl.  C„  Sopt.  17,  1924
needs  footer homo
care  receives it
The articles included In the
port and thoir authors arc: "The
Development of Child Placing in the
United States, by Hastings H. Hart,
Director of the Department of Child
Helping, Russell Sago Foundation,
New York City; "Conserving the
Child's Parental Home," by J. Pren
tice Murphy, executive secretary
the Children's Bureau of Phlladel.
phia; 'The Essentials of Placement
in Free Family Homes," by Edmond
J. Butler, Executive Secretary, Catholic Home Bureau for Dependent
Children, New York; "The Child in
the Boarding Home," by Mary E
Boretz, Head Worker, Home Bureau,
Sidelights on a Great
Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society, New York; "Special Problems
Involved In Foster Home Care," by
Leon W. Frost, Secretary, Children's
Aid Society of Detroit; "The Work
of a state-wide Child-placing Organization," by Albert H. Stoneman,
State Superintendent, Michigan
Children's Aid Society; "The Development of Placing-Out Work by Institutions," hy K. P. Hewins, General
Secretary, Tho Church Home Society, Boston; "Safeguarding the Dependent Child's Physical and Mental
Health, by Horace H Jenks, M.D.,
Director of Associated Medical
Clinic, Philadelphia; "The Relation
Between Social Work with Families \
and Child-Caring Work," by Rev,
John O'Grady, Secretary, National
Conference of Catholic Charities and
Editor Catholic Charities Review,
Washington. D.C ; ■ Co-operation Between the Children'^* Agency and
Othor Community Resources," by C.
V. Williams. Superintendent Illinois
Children's Home and Aid Society;
"State Supervision of Placlng-Out
Agencies," by Ellen C. Potter, M.D.,
State Secretary of Welfare, Pennsyl.
A Union Is Wbat You Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that It la
made to order. Thia is a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, Instead of a
knocker. s
Pbone Sermonr 2354
Try your neighbor for a subsortn-
Anti-War Day, 1924
Why Loi George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He ls doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
If you havo an Idea that you think
will beneflt Lnbor, let us have lt.
We'll spread it.
A Third of the Province's Annual
Revenue in the Balance
TN dealing with its business men the
public of British Columbia shoula
be guided by business principles,
The public's equity In the forest
Wealth of this Province is fully recognized by the lumbermen. This Js
proved by the fact that during tne
last 20 years the people have collected $45,000,000 from the timberhold-
ers and industry in rents and royalties.
By collecting one-third of their
total annual revenue from the lumber
industries the British Columbia public are certainly doing a good stroke
of business,
There is no more satisfactory type
of capitalist to attract to a young
country like British Columbia than
the man who is prepared to invest
monoy In the development of its
natural resources.
The public has again shown Its
business acumen by pledging its good
faith to a group of the most solid and
patient timber investors In existonce.
The present position ls that the
lumber Industry is taxed to the uttermost, and that any further impost
will undoubtedly force It into bankruptcy. Also the investors in our
timber are becoming very nervous indeed at the prospect of heavier levies.
If the public of British Columbia
wish to stick to sound business principles they will avoid overtaxing their
basic industry and disillusioning their
A third of the public's income is
dependent on the ability of its representatives to liandle satisfactorily the
present taxation situation In tlte lumber Industry.
NOW you cnn see all lhe newest ot
thn new lints displayed in onr now
Hat Soction on the second floor. It may
be a few steps to walk up, but there Are
the cutest things to see and many dollars
to save!
Famous KU
610-623 Hastings Stmt Weit
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-401 Metropolitan Building
837 Hutingi St. W. VAVOOWBB, B. 0.
Talephonei: Seymonr 0068 ud 8887
HAVE you ever had a real drink
or Pure Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet the dartres of many ollenU,
we have introduced reeently a pure clear
sparkling apple elder in pint bottlei,
either pure aweet or government regulation _% hard apple older. Theae drinki
are absolutely pare and free from all
cavbonic acid gas or preservatlvea of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Maaufactureri
1965 Commercial Drln, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
Was THAT the Number You
Asked For?
DACK over the wire comes the
voice of the operator, repeating the number you arc calling.
She wants to be sure she has hearu
you correctly. Has she? If errors
are not caught at this point, the
wrong number wll] be called. Heed
the repetition.
1160 OtorjU StrMt
Sundty aerrlMi. 11 est. and 7t>0 p.m.
Sands? .chool lnunedintelr following
morning lerrlce. Wedneaday toitlmonw
meeting, 8 p.m. Freo rending room.
901*903 Blrki Bldg.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
•THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.*■ of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
This series  or  articles communicated   by   tho   Timbor   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
Established 59 Years
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonei:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY September 19, 1924
Come In and Look
Over Our Prices
The Greb Is a real work boot
,  sizes 6 to  11, special $4-»5
Basket Ball suction sole Gym
Boots for Men $8.85
Viking Underwear is a dependable all-wool underwear, 2-plece or combina-
■   tion, special $6.50
Penman'*) 71 Combination Underwear for Boys, 22 to 32
Reefer Coats for"Chlldren, new
stock, cut price $3.50
Boys' Eton Cups, cut price.-35c.
Boys' Open Neck Jerseys,
made in England 	
 $1.35  and   $1.50
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
petween 7th and 8th avenues
Phone, Fairmont 14
The Truffle In Arms
"During these five years of violence
and confusion forces iu Europe have
been allowed to grow up rapidly, and
to get out of hand. The fact of the
matter is that the last five years Europe has given carte blanche to the
armament makers, so that she hae
got herself once again in the grip oi
the armament rings, whose policy and
whose Influence on policy Is incalculable, and is getting stronger the close*,
the armament interests are identified
with the steel, iron, and coal combine.
By far the most influential of these
producers of war materials making
for modern war, are organized and
financed by French interests. It is
these French interests which were at
the back of the lute French government. It Is these French interests
which are covering Central and Eastern Europe with a network of French
loans for the purchase of war material. It Is these interests which are
grafting upon the unfortunate populations of the new and enlarged states
set up by the treaty onerous war expenditure. These Interests, and their
kind elsewhere, are actively working
to-day, and may be trusted to do so,
against the pacification or Europe.
That is the price which civilization
pays for allowing the trafflc ln arms
to continue to be regarded as a legitimate form nf commercial activity.
"In reality, what is it, Legally. I
suppose it is legitimate. But what Is
tbis trafflc in arms? It ls trafflc
which exists simply for the purpose
«»f destroying life for profit. It does
not matter where the life Ib or where
Its origin. Legally and socially it may
be logltimae, Just as the slave trade
wus legitimate, until the public conscience awoke under the influence of
Denmark and Britain, and smashed It.
This traffic in arms is organized and
, industrialized murder which weighs
"upon their policy more and more. As
a result of those events the preparations for war to-day In Europe and the
output of war material have reached
an extension never attained since the
peaco.—E. D. Morel, House of Commons, July 7th, 1924.
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
Baggage, Pianos and Furniture
Sey. 4288 224 ABBOTT ST.
TENDERS will bo received up to 12 o'clurk
noon Tuesday, September the SOth, for
tho supply ot approximately 200 point Winter Boots for Police Department, sample to
accompany tender.
Purchasing Agent.
Vancouver Unions
MeeU eecond Mondiy lb the month.    Pre*
fldant, J. R. White; eeorettry, R. H. Neel-
audi. P. O. Box 66.
319 Pender St. Wost—Business meetings
erery Wedneedty evening. A. Meelnnii,
chiirmeu; E. H. Morriion, lec-treie.; Oeo.
D. Hirrlion, 1183 Parker Street, Vaneourer.
B, 0., corresponding secretary.
Any district in Brltlih Colombia desiring
Information re lecuring apeaker* or the foi-
mation of local branches, kindly communicate
with provlnolal Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
62*4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telephone Seymour 1382, or Fairmont 4038,
socond Thuraday every month In Holdon
Building.   Preildent, J, Brigbtwell; financial
iecretary, H. A. Bowron, 020—llth Avenue
Fast. |
, Boilermaker!, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
Jtn of America, Local 104—Meetings flnt
.and third Mondays In each month In Holden
Building. Preildent, P. Willis; secreUry, A.
Fraier.   Office houn, 0 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
p.m.    -         ii> 	
and third Frldaya in eaoh month, at 445
Richards Btreet. Preildent, David Cuthlll.
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Qeo.
Harriion, 11B2 Parker Street.
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meeti every Wedneiday at 6 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. Preildent, Charles Price;
busineu agent and flnanclal seoretary, V. L.
Hunt;   recording iecretary, J. T. Venn.
Antagonism  Between Industrial
Workers of the World and
As We See It—
UNION, Looal 145, A. F. of M.—Meeta In
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 001 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, Harry
Pearson, 001 Nelson Street; aeeretary, E. A.
Jamleson, 001 Nelson Streot; financial secretary, W. E. Williams, 001 Nelson Street;
.organiser, F. Fletcher, 001 Nelion Street.
0.—Meoting nights, flnt Tueiday and 3rd
'Friday of eaoh month at headquartera, 818
^Cordova Street Weit. Preildent, D. Gillei-
■sle; vice-president, John Johnion; secretary-
treaaurer, Wm. Donaldson, addreu 818 Cor
,dova Street Weit. Branch agejit'i addreu:
•Oeorge,Faulkner, 576 Johnson Street, Victoria, B. C.	
aid. on the Tueiday preceding the lit Sun-
-day of the month, President, E. A. J»»l«-
«on, 001 Nelsoa St.; Secretary, 0. H. Williams. 001 Nelson St ; Business Agent,   F.
Flstcher, 001 Nelson St.	
WttGRAPHICAL UNIONf" No. 226—Preii-
dent, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-president. J.
M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 68. Meeta last Sunday of
eaeh month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 16
Hastings Street' East,
UNION, No. 418—Preildent, 8. D. Mac-
donald, secretarytreainrer, J. M. Campbell.
P. 0. Box 668. Meet! lait Thursday of each
Public Opinion Against Banking:
Interests—Results Where
Workers Use Ballot
[By H. DatzielJ
1. HAD oecunion recently, after a
•I • long absence from the city, to
come hit*!) contact again with the
more radical sections of the labor
movement ami soon found out that
there is a lot of antagonism and
rivalry between the Industrial
Workers of the World and the communists. Some of this, no doubt, is
caused by the doflectlon of W. Z.
Foster and Elizabeth Ourley Flynn,
to the communists; but the main
cause, no doubt, Ih u basic one. It
is the non-political plank in the
Industrial Workera of the World
preamble; and in consequence the
communists are dubbed politicians;
this, of course, Includes all socialist and labor parties. This plank of
course, ls entirely the private concern of the industrialists, but it
seems to mo that the causes that
led to inclusion have passed and
that its retention ls a matter of
pyachology. Fifteen or so years
ago. the I.W.W. had a considerable
membership .locally among the mechanics. Now the I. W. W. speakers
talk mostly to the loggers, and their
ideas are mostly those of the camps,
and, being so, have gotten somewhat
out of touch with the city workers.
Furthermore, a great many of the
lumber workers are from countries
where the workers never have used
the franchise. There is one notable
exception {that is, the Scandinavian
people) and, not having used it,
make no pretence of studying It.
Besides many are denaturalized and
When the I. W. W. were organlz.
ed. conditions In the west were different from what they are to-day. In
those days, big business was dis-
proportlonally large. The railroad
lumber and mining interests over-
shadowered all others.
Population was scanty and largely
foreign nnd unfranchised.
The Industrial barons ruled by
force and Imposed their will on the
rest of the people in a manner that
was really anarchistic. To quote
only one case, there was the Cameron Dam tragedy. The lumber
trust wanted the lands of Cameron
and, to get them, sent an armed
force and seized Ihem, killing the
owner nnd some of his family In so
doing. At a much earlier date,
similar thing happened in this city
only there were no fatalities. This
was a common procedure in those
duys. This lawlessness, on the part
of the employers led to the organ!
zation ot* the Western Federation
of Miners and the I. W. W. radical
industrial unions; and it was per
fectly logical that under those conditions they should be syndicalistic
In ideas, and Inclose a non-political
clause in  their constitutions.
But condition**, have o.iJinyed,
except In a few states in the south
west. Cities and towns have risen
and a large farming population has
filled the empty places. A multitude of smaller Intereats have grown
up, able in the aggregate, to hold
their 0wn fairly well with the industrial barotiB. Compelled to act ac,
cording to law, their policy has
changed, and now it is to control
the law making machinery. which
they sometimes manage, because of
their wealth, and often because
there Is no opposition. We see late
ly that theh- agents ln the United
Stntes cabinet were ousted by the
demand of the other Interests oi
public opinion.
One of the first attacks on an
archestlc capitalism was the "blue
sky" laws of Kansas aimed at lhe
"company promoter" and "wild
catter." This wn.< .. recognition tha
genuine industry has the'first call on
a country's cash, and that-something
approaching value must be given in
exchange and the extension elsewhere of the type of legislation is
greatly dreaded by the class whpm
lt Is aimed at. More recently in
North Dakota wo see public opiniui
acting through the stale mnking a
stand against the hanking Interests
and establishing the state as a com
petltor. Quite lately we see the
state of South Dakota fixing gasoline prices. This Is an intorferi'iict
with, perhaps thc strongest corporation, the Standard Oil company.
Those moves are not pro-labor, but
largely because labor In the United
States has made no attempt
mould  public opinion.
In other countries where the
workers are using the ballot, prln
clples have been established that arc
heartily condemned by capitalist
politicians in the United States, Can
It be shown that the use of thc ballot on behalf of workers' candidates
has weakened unionism V n the
United States the American Federation of Labor has lost about 45% of
Its membership; since In Brituin the
loss was not over 20%. In France,
where the workers use parliamentary tactics, the Genernl Confederation of Labor was able to mnke great
headway. In Australia where the
workers have long used the ballot as
a class weapon there are strong In.
diiMiilal unions, such us the Austrnlian Workers' union, and unionism
generally is in a healthy state and
the worker Is treated with much
respect—both as a 'worker and us a
social unit.
In Australia there Is a minimum
wage, whether sulilclently lurge Is
Immaterlnl, it Is anti-capital because It upsets the competitive law
[By Angus Maclnnis]
IT this time of the year when the
summer's work is about finished:
the grain is harvested, threshed and
In the granaries or elevators; the
root crop is safely put away in cellars
or some other place where It will be
safe from winter's frosts; the fruit
crop has been stored away for future
use; canning factories and thrifty
housewives have been busy drying,
preserving and making jam for the
past few months; cattle of all kinds,
which have been feeding and fattening on the wild und open spaces, or
which have been carefully tended on
■pastures made more succulent by cultivation, have been turned into meat;
even the sea has responded to the
toll and ingenuity of man and yielded
its harvest of food; all of this, along
With the harvest from the forest
where the lumberjack moiled and
toiled until the employer said,
"Enough, the market cannot absorb
any more"; nature and work haa
yielded everything necessary for the
material welfare of man.
Yet, ln spite of all that bountiful
nature and the toil of man could do,
a large section of the country's population face the coming winter with
dread, and few indeed feel absolutely
safe because of the fear of unemployment. The greatest problem^ of capitalist civilization is unemployment;
and note his: it is not a question o«
producing enough, to eat and to wear.
The problem la how are the producers
of all the world's wealth going to eat
when they are not employed.
Unemployment ls not a new thing.
It is doubtful lf the human animal at
any stage of its history worked with
greater intensity than he does at this
particular time; and it is an absolute
certainty that never was so much,
per person, produced as at the present tnme. Through all stages of
human history the people
were more or less unemployed,
because It did not require all
of their time to produce the
things necessary for their existence.
It was only under capitalism that unemployment ever became a problem.
The chattel slave did not worry
about unemployment as the "free"
wage slave of present day society
worries. If his master did not have
work for him to do he was fed just
the same. True, he was fed out of
that which he himself had produced,
und he did not consider It as being in
the nature of a dole or charity either,
nor did his master.
It was not until the chattel slaves
and the feudal serfs became free men
and began to get "paid" for their
work that food and shelter which
was given to them while unemployed
was considered as a "dole" and had
the stigma of charity attached to It.
It Is always well to remember that
the food, clothing und shelter consumed by the chattel slave while unemployed was produced by hJmseir,
or some other of the same class at
some time previously; so also the
food, clothing and shelter which the
unemployed of today Is enabled to
by reason of the '-dole," or because
of doing some useless work, was produced by themselves or some other
members of the working class.
Before human society hud the bene-
of Bupply and demnnd; and, as our
own employers say, when in a jocular mood, it ls an interference with
the Inalienable right of the citizen
to sell his labor as cheaply as he
In Britain, there are various minimum wage scales, in different
crafts; also, they have an unemployment payment called the "dole."
The latter is very obnoxious to the
employing class, not only because
thoy have to contribute to some extent, which, to that degree, makes
the idle man the business of the
community but upsets the time-
worn theory that poverty was caused
by some fault or falling in the individual concerned. Only the other
day the British trade unions completed arm nge ments for calling
a nntional general strike If necessary. Two pieces of legislation have
been passed by the labor party of
Queensland, Australia, which are of
Interest to workors. The first is,
that the stute runs quite a string of
butcher shops where ment is sold
at cost. This fs decidedly socialist'
lc, as It is obvious that from thc
eliminating the profit in meats to
doing so with nil comtnuditles is a
very short step, and Is only a question   of  education   and   organizntion.
The second Is, the abolition of the
senate which is usually a strongly
anti-labor body. It Is felt' that
rights or privileges, such as free-
speech, free assemblage and collective bargaining have nowhere been
so strenuously fought against by the
capitalist class as in the United
It is a striking circumstance that,
In what was probably the greatest
stronghold of non-political action,
where syndlcnllsm reached its apex
of organization, namely, in thc
Spanish cities of Barcelona and Sar-
agossn, thnt a fascist' dictatorship
arose In that district, which swept
nwny all civil liberties, even the
municipal franchise. Onc stock reason for the antl-parlfnmcntarlnn
not voting Is that all politicians nre
crooks and grafters, and that the
labor men will be Juat as crooked
vhen they get thc chance. In that
connection the fact of the workers
in Noi-Wleh, England, In defeating
W. Roberts, a conservative can
dldnte, Is very cheering. This mnn
was ii labor member with a 20,000
majority, who during the war went
over lo the enemy. Hut labor w
not downhearted, us they set
work nnd successfully swing that
huge vote over to nnother labor
candidate which shows what determination  can  do.
^fit of the efficient mean's of production
which science and invention has
brought into vogue, It was customary,
among many races, after the harvest
was gathered, to celebrate the occasion with feasting and great rejoicing. Even to this day, in this country, some churches celebrate the
"harvest home." But in modern society, when the harvest is safely
garnered, the owners and heads of
the state hold an "unemployed conference" to se'e how little they will give
the out-of-works during the winter.
Or to plan work, which could be done
better, much, more economical, and
with much greater ense and comfort
by those engaged in it, were it done
during any other season of the year.
While those actually unemployed go
about—seeking work with long faces
and heavy hearts—misery, disease,
and crime grow apace. Such are the
blessings and advancements of modern civilization.
The paragraph given below, quoted
from the London Dally Mall, appeared
In the Vancouver Morning Sun recently:
All the doles and expedients whlcn
have been tried for the relief of unemployment have only complicated
the disease by adding to the taxes on
industry. Someone must pay for the
dole 'and the cost of it is added to
British goods. There Is only one
remedy, and the sooner we all get
down to it the better. It is for all
classes to work harder and to put thetr
backs to the tasks, and for the government to realize that the country Is
much' poorer to-day than before the
war, and that taxation must he lightened."
What strikes one most about this
editorial ls how an editor—who has
had the beneflt as an object lesson
of the unemployed situation in the
old land for the last four years—
could write such an article and, most
of all, how any one could get paid
for writing such an infusion.
"All doles and expedients ....
have only complicated the disease by
adding to the taxes on inustry." As
the product of industry is produced
by the workers; and as they receive
on the average, while working, only
sufficient for a bare existence, how
else are they to be fed except out
of that industry.
"There is only one remedy . . .
It Is for all classes to work harder."
In a country that hus had well over
one million workers unemployed for
the last four years, what nonsense
it is to say that we must work harder. Had the workers of Great Brit
ain worked twice as hard and pro.
duced twice as much the only conclusion that we can come to ls that
there would be twice as many unemployed.
Why is unemployment a problem?
Because production .Is carried on for
proflt and not for use. Because the
producors do not own that which
they produce.
Goods being produced for profit,
before a profit Is realized, must be
sold. The workers engaged in industry produce more than they, by
their wages, can buy back. This
surplus over and above their wages
which the workers produce is known
ns "surplus value." It Is produced
in the factory, mine, etc., as the case
may be; but it is not finally realized to the owner till the goods are
sold on  the markot.
It Is haw to dispose of this sur.
plus that Is causing sleepless nights
to the captains of industry. The
more lt accumulates the more i
Capitalist production, therefore, Is
somewhat as follows; Goods are
produced for profit. Before a profit
can be made they must be sold. Before they are sold there must be
buyers. Bui there are" not enough
buyers, becnuse the workers do not
receive enough in wages to buy back
what they have produced; and the
employers, no matter how prodigal
their consumption, cannot consume
their portion of the total product.
Therefore is civilized society sorely
There Is only one way in which
the evil of unemployment' can be
cured. That is, by' producing for the
use nnd need of the people nnd not
for tho proflt of the few. However,
that dny mny lie in the far distant
future, or it muy be near at hand,
but until that day does come the
working clnss must use every means
within thel power to strengthen
their position so that they mny demnnd and get a linger share of that
which they have produced,
How to Gel Uhl of Pear
What u curious thing It Is that In
this key Industry of mining a bucket
of coal is, metaphorically speaking,
worth u ton of coal Mity years ago.
Coal Is one of those valuable products
which society handles and modern
science deals with, miff this valuable
product becomes more valuable day
hy day, yet the men who get it cannot obtain a living. When you toll
them that your industries do not pay,
It leaves them cold. Yonr profits are
nothing to them, nnd when you place
your Inability to mnke profits on one
aide of the scale nnd their Inability
to feed their families and obtain a
living on the other side of the scnle,
It dips down in their favor every time.
.... You can only got rid of. the difficulty that troubles you b.v means of a
fair and square denl with the working people, and only hy this means will
you be able to rid yourselves of thc
fear that will continually dog you:
footsteps,—B, C VVnllhend, House o
Commons, June 2flth, 1824,
[By "Gunner"]
T REMEMBER one day on the Somme
meeting native French troops on
their way back from the front. They
were exceptionally powerful men, with
great physical development, an.d their
blue uniforms seemed unconfortaWy
tight, and bulged here and there. Out
of each sleeve hung a hugh black
hand which dangled from that sleevo
as If tt had no business there.
Some of the men wore necklaces o?
parchment-like objects held together
by wire or string on which these objects Were threaded. The necklace
hung loosely round their necks.
As they slouched past, their faces
shining with perspiration, I pointed
to a man whose necklace appeared to
be a larger one than most, and, turning to a French officer, asked, "What
are these necklaces some of the men
are wearing?"
The French officer smiled. "They
are the ears of the enemy," ne replied.   "Souvenirs."
"Of the dead?" I inquired,
"O, oui," he replied, "mostly, but
not always."
• •      *
And the war for Christ went on.
Long streams of ambulances carried
the wounded—and out of each ambulance train streamed a crowd of haggard, unkempt and wounded men.
Bishops and parsons appealed to
the Almighty fcr fresh aid, and helped
In their way, to prevent peace.
The wounded were collectively
named heroes, and men lay tn hospitals and homes, maimed, mutilated,
blinded and insane.
Day after day the hospital trains
came in; train after train emptying
their loads of young men with ghastly
Injuries. The ambulances crawled
along the streets to avoid jars to shattered limbs.
The parsons and the presa taught
hate and showed their patriotism by
frightening defenceless women, because, per chance, they had been married to an enemy or born in the land
of the enemy. They vented their
spite on people already harrassed by
misery; they demanded more and
more drastic treatment; they stirred
up baser passions, and persecuted the
parents of men actually fighting in
the ranks of the nation's army.
• ■•■    •
And the war for Christ went on.
The young man was   still   counted
hero. But he found lt difficult to
hate the enemy, and kept that hate to
please the old and well-off Indispen-
Those old and well-off Indispensa-
bles found riches, ever more riches, by
the rise in values due to the war. Yet
strangely enough they hated the enemy, and explained their hate to be
due to the love they bore for the young
men whose fortune It was to bleed,
suffer, and perhaps die.
t     f     *
And the war for Christ went on.
Out on the battle areas the shells
ploughed up the land, and pieces of
metal drove their wuy into men's
faces, Into their bodies and limbs,
hacking, disembowelling, turning mere
children or hardened men into steaming flesh.
Machine guns cackled away, and
men died or lay on the mud wounded,
perhaps to be picked up, perhaps to
lie there and gradually die from starvation and exposure.
The   war  for Christ   is  over.
The parson and the press, the well-
o-stuy-nt home fraternity, the soldier
who wore the uniform but Uttle more,
have still a strong hate for the enemy. It is a sign of the love they bear
for the men who fought and hied.
And the men who have survived.
Many are standing at the street corners, hungry and demoralized. They
ftre no longer wanted; If tbey die their
A Shipment of Lyric
Made by the McLagan Phonograph Corporation
Ltd. An introductory offer of 12 beautiful
machines in upright and console styles.
$89.50 and $125.00
Everyone interested in "phonographs and who appreciate style, workmanship and tonal quality,
combined with a low price, should investigate this
remarkable offering. Beautiful toned instruments, produced by the well-known McLagan
Phonograph Corporation Ltd., which we were
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and see them. <
UPRIGHT STYLE-Oak and Mahogany. $85.00
CONSOLE STYLE—Prices $89.50 and $125.00
—Phonograph Section, Third Floor.
names will not appear on the casualty
If they die, if they all died, by ay.
ing they would have removed a problem, have saved the state so much
Everywhere stands the discharged
man, handicapped by wounds or ny
ill-health, struggling for a living. And
his enemies are around him, they have
no mercy, they hold out no hand io
help him, they are out to crush him.
And the old man, and the stay-at
home-well-to-do, and sometimes the
soldier who wore the uniform but
little more, are the discharged men's
enemies. They excuse their action by
speaking of hard times, of business
And the old man, the stay-at-home-
well-to-do person, to whom the war
has meant greater    prosperity,    sub
scribes liberally to large cruflxes erect*
ed In memory of dead heroes.
"We must never forget their deeds'*
thy say with pride.
•      •     *
And the discharged men stand all
the corner of the streets or struggle
on, handicapped by their wounds.
The war for Christ ts over now.
Every reader of The Federatlonltt
can render valuable assistance by re-.
newlng their subscriptions aa soon aa
they aro due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not tako
much effort to do this.   Ity it.
Why Let Oeorge Oo It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He Is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
Lot '33 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in tha splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
raad by many labor men and women who think as well as work,
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1 *.>; 5 Cents per Copy.
Every reader nf The FerteriitlonlM
ran render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions ns men as
thoy aro due. mid by Inducing nnother
werker tn subscrllH'. It dnes not take
much effort tn do ibH   Try It.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive N'ews Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest, Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
"British Columbia FdbEjRSTiONiST vAwoova.
FRIDAY September 19, 192*1
This Price
Secures for
These Zylo-shell Spectacles (or
your choice of one other style)
complete with lenses made to
your individual requirements,
with reading lenses.
Double vision,     (ft* or
in above frame.... tbO.OD
Pitman Optical House
6113 Hastings Street West
Next to Famous, Over Woolworth's (Near Granville)
Civilization is progress in the art of
living together; and, therefore, it
eliminates class distinctions and over-
Gomes geographical obstacles. It
fcrlngs with it increased knowledge oi
All kinds, social, intellectual, ana
jnoral; and therefore it also brings increased responsibilities—those of the
Country, as a country, and those of the
Individual, as an individual; and according as that knowledge is used and
those responsibllies are recognized, so
tvill a country be proportionately clv-
Memories, by Mrs. Asquith
I have never met a single person
who has b^en improved by this war.
The extravagant are more extravagant; the cranks are crankier, the
backbiter^ more spiteful, the rich
more frightened, the poor more restless, the clergy more confused and
the government more corrupt.
The clever novels of the day are
fatiguingly indecent, and there ls more
hardness, levity, blasphemy and materialism than I have ever seen before.
Our advertisers make it possible'for
Us to 'spread, the gospel of Labor.
Bhow your appreciation by patronizing them on every possible occasion.
If you have anything of interest
to Labor give lt to the Federatlonist.
If will  "gladly spread the news,"
Every reader of Tlie Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by re*
nowlng their subscriptions as soon as
they arc due. and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt
Pass The Fed emtio njst along to
your friends. Help It in its flght for
TT IS with some difficulty that the1
average man today can bring himself to the point where he can definitely decide for himself who governs
us. The fire underwriters have certainly made our city fathers look
helpless. Money talks, as of yore.
Although, it would appear that a 3%
inerease in the premium rate on fire
Insurance would have been sufficient
to have covered the total cost of the
extra requirement of the flre department, they, In their usual humble way
oxacted a 10% toll. All is -fair In
love and war they say.
The Oliver government is having
no easy task. The Hon. Dr. Macdonald may meet his Waterloo in the
North Okanagan riding. Apparently
a fairly popular candidate nas heei.
choosen to oppose him. It can hardly
be said in this case that "another
little defeat wouldn't do him any
harm." "Honest John" never knows
when he is defeated. However, Mr.
Woodward gave hi ma little scare on
the Capilano deal.
• *      *
Fascist shot b.v Socialist! Poor ola
Italy Is far from enjoying harmony
within her domain. When a government ls founded on force. Injustice
and tyranny as is the fascisti form of
government, one can hardly expect
any other response to its rule. It Is
to be hoped that we will never have
to reach such a state of affairs in
this lan<_l; but when we consider the
apathy and indifference exhibited by
those of our land who live in afflunce,
towards the tolling, suffering masses,
who live from day to day on the very
verge of starvation, one need not be
surprised at anything that might result.
* *      *
Lloyds gives odds against labor win
in early flght! No doubt that is very
good propaganda for the old-line
parties. There are few, if any, stunts
they wont -use to further their cause.
We doubt very much, however, if
Lloyds is In a very good position to
gain exact knowledge as to the intentions of the great mass of the workers.
They are used to playing In other
Mrs. Rose Henderson ls criticized
for "attempting to foist upon a civilized people the groplngs of a race
that ls acknowledged to bo just emerging from savagery." We are unwilling
to admit that a people, capable of
turning out writers, artists and musicians such as Russia has produced,
is just emerging from savagery.
If there was any savagery at all
more than exists in these other "high-
iy civilized" countries where workers
starve amid plenty, we would say lt
was the savagery of the system which
cruelly oppressed the working classes
and endeavored to keep them in total
* 0 *
Anyone who is desirous of finding
out what Russia was like before the
revolution would do well to read the
works of Leo Tolstoi and Maxim
Gorky. It becomes obvious then that
Russia could have developed no other
way, and all credit is due td those
who have striven during the last century to awaken the masses.
* »     *
Bankers in general are opposed to
the Russian loan on the grounds that
part of it will be useil for communist
propaganda. Which is only another
way of admitting that capitalism Is
destined to go out of business. If
ctypitnlism were such a perfect and
righteous system, lhe capitalists would
not fear all the propaganda In the
world.    But they are afraid of   the
a      *      ■*
It fs almost amusing to read that
Germany will be permitted to withdraw her confession of war-guilt. And
so well-schooled are the minds of the
masses that few will realizo with
whom the guilt lies. Tt is rather interesting to note in Morel's book,
"Truth and thc War," the fact that
while peace meetings were more or
less suppressed lu England and particularly in America, in Germany the
imperial minister nf lho inte'-ior did
hot forbid peace meetings hut encouraged the socialists in their pacifist agitation until martial law was declared, when, of course, further action  wns  useless.
Science and Religion
Ltavw Dally at 8.45 a.m.
From Canadian Pacific Station
Stowing at all principal point* on routo
Curio* atandard coach, tourist ear, atandard
sleepers, diner and compartment
observation ear.
Up-to-Data Servlc* A
*■«»« Daily at • p.m.
A Through Train ta Montreal
Making all Important steps, and carriai
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolia ft St. Paul
In addition to llrat.clati coach, tourlct cor.
atandard olaopor*. dinar ond comportment
obaorvotlon car.
FwMlntoriaatiMMdrHanitlraiiicly.tTII._E. OFFICES;
VoMomr heat, Hotol Vinuunr or 434 H«tln|. W.
Freah Out Flowers, FnneraJ Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta,
Ornamental and Sonde Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East       2—STORES—2        ess Oranrille Street
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which-has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
HpHE antagonism In'thought, which
exists between Science and Religion, should, I think, be disappearing
from the world of thougnt much
faster than it appears to be. and shows
that the vested interests and the lagging thought are still factors to be
reckoned with In this altogether unnecessary and unreasonable division.
It ls true, that the marshalled facts
of science do not always agree with
th dogmatic assertions of religion,
hence the antagonism and the controversy, The evolutionist says: "Creation has been a long process occupying many ages, even millions of years."
The religionist* retorts: "God willed It
and created all things in seven aays."
And each grows angry because of the
stupidity of the other.
It reminds one of two little boys ln
Vancouver discussing the position of
their native country, England, One
points east and says: "It is over there.''
The other points west and says: "No, it
is over them" Each Is so convinced
that he is right that they start a quarrel over it, a quarrel arising out of
partial ignorance, because each is
right. And It seems to me that the
logical positions of the evolutionist and
the religionist are identically the
same ns those of the little boys, each
is right. ,
If the boys took the correct line of
latitude and one went westVand the
other east, they would both be convinced that each was right when they
actually met in England; and I can
fancy a hard boiled, old evolutionist
on meeting hiB opponent, the bigoted
religionist, tn heaven, exclaiming:
"Well, well, we were both right after
all; but that bag of flesh, that enveloped us on earth, was not conducive
to clear thinking or sane and cool
discussion;" and the other replying:
"Ay, friend, the upkeep of that greasy
handicap and the stupid ambitions and
the vested Interests that grew out of it,
blinded us to the truth of things and
In our Ignorance we erred indeed."
If these two opposing forces could
be induced to change pedestals for a
time and each consider seriously the
viewpoint of the other, casting aside
all preconceived ideas due to training
and mental environment, much good
might result.
The religionist will discover that
without any shadow of doubt, the
physical laws of nature are so directed that there is nothing stable ln thb
sensuous things; that they are in a
state of flux and slowly shaping towards some definite end, and that man
is no exception to the rule: that he ls
ln no way a finished product, but ls
yet In the malting—a long way from
perfection: which will, perhaps, make
him realize that had man been planned and modelled by the Creator in a
few hours, as he now believes, he
must of necessity have been perfect
at the beginning, morally, physically
and mentally perfect.
It is unthinkable that the Creator
would have created man, ns he was
yesterday and is to-day, as a finished
product; and he might come to resign
his cherished waving of the wand and
regard himself and all hla kind, aB a
product still In the making—being
moulded by tho laws established by
his Creator.
On the other hand—the hard-boiled
evolutionist, fetlchly creating his evolution Into a veritable force, and an
ill-powerful dlety might, with Dietzgen and Ingersoll and other reverent
minds, rame to recognize the Intelligence displayed in the whole of nature
'and, recognizing that, admit the unknowable, omniscient power and mind,
to recognize which Is to develop worship. He would see that evolution is
not a cause, but the effects of eternal
laws governed and directed by the
eternal creative mind.
Both would recognize the beauty, the
greatness and the oneness of all created things, and the smallness of thetr
individual Ideas, furnished from environment and limited to their five
senses and the traditions transmitted
through the mists of antiquity.
I picked up a chrysalis of some
butterfly in my garden. On examining
tt I found that the enclosing shell was
filled with a formless pulp or protoplasmic mass of matter which, to tho
naked eye, was lifeless and meaningless. Yet concealed somewhere ln the
gray mass was the pulsing soul of the
thing, endowed with powers which, ln
the process of time, will produce the
full grown insect resplendent In its
Iridescent colors and downy markings.
He who craves for the miraculous
need search no farther than our chrysalis, but no fairy wand-waving will
reward him, only the stow but timed
development arising from the operation of divinely interacting laws, typical of the processes and methods displayed In the whole of created thingn.
But the mystery and the wonder of
this development, from the formless
protoplasmic mass of the chrysalis to
the glowing and complete beauty o\
the adult Insect, fades Into Insignificance before a greater marvel in a
preceding epoch of Its existence—a
marvel which defies the imagination
to follow, as tt cannot follow the ordinary changes ln Its slow process of evolving through the ages.
Back ln the life history of our butterfly were two cells, endowed with
the life principle yet helpless without
each other to develop Into the mature
Ufe represented in our butterfly.
They were created for each other, and
each was waiting for the other, and
the sex attraction In the parents accomplished the fusion. The male and
the female life principles, each in itself sterile, were united; and the complete form of Ufe became possible for
from that united cell tn the course of
time, through the various stages cam*
our butterfly. Think of that united
cell a moment. The fusion had accomplished a miracle by establishing
therein a complete and living nervous
system, Invisible but perfect, endowed
with powers, acting along the lines
prescribed by the Creator, which
would Impel It to its ultimate fulfilment.
Think again of the two life -principles, each useless without the otne*.
of the mysterious sex attraction that
was responsible for the fusion: of the
minute, Invisible being concealed in
the speck of protoplasm, potentially
perfect to form the finished butterfly,
and you are contemplating a mystery
hefore which science Ib dumb and evolution a mere meaningless expression.
And consider again that each plant
that ever grew: each animal that
roamed the earth: each \Insect that
hummed through the air or -crept
among the mosses: each human boing
that played his foollBh part on life's
stage: each and overy form of life that
ever lived owod Its existence to a miraculous process similar to that which
made our butterfly possible—the two
life principles, the sex attraction and
the mysteloua fusing of the two forms
Into the complete celt potentially endowed for the development of Its own
peculiar form of life. And call to
1 mind the thousnnds of different forms'
or life developed in the same environment, under similar conditions, each
primal completed cell of which was
endowed with the Inherent power to
shape tt to its own special form of finished life.
Then imagine the cooling earth and
the appearance of the unicellular life
in the warm and seething muds: and
try and imagine where and at what
stage and under What conditions this
appearance of sex and sex attraction
would make its arrival. Bring your
evolution theory to aid you with its
natural selection, its adaptability to
environment, its tendency to vary, its
survival of the fittest and what not:
bring all the theories and all tho facts
of science to your aid: work your imagination to the utmost: reason till
your brain reels yet no vision of the
truth nor logical deduction will reward your strenuous efforts.
This dual life—two in one—Is on«
of the unsolved and unsolvable mysteries, beyond theory and beyond imagination, probably eternal as life Itself and existing In primal union even
ln the unicellular life.
The religionist, who is never silent
before the most impenetrable, mystery
will triumphantly cry to us: "It is
one of the mysteries of God," and the
evolutionist must ln his heart of
hearts admit that lying behind his
process of evolution, causing it, inspiring it and directing it, is the great
unknown, unknowable, omnipotent
creative mind which the religionist
calls God.
So why the antagonism between
Science and Religion? For arter an,
the differences are not fundamental,
but consist of trivial non-essentials
which each might discard with mutual
At the Orpheum next Thursday,
Marjorle Ram beau, far-famed beauty oi' thc dramn, will open a homecoming three-day engagement at
the head of a splendid vaudeville
bill. Tt is not generally known'that
Miss Rambeau, now Internationally
famous, made Vancouver her home
for a considerable time while appearing hore in stock .productions
early in her career. This will be
hor ftrsti vaudeville apenrunee following a long string of legitimate
successes. She will bring an intensely dramatic tabloid detective
play caled "Bracelets." ia which she
is assisted by a metropolitan cast.
This is a notable vaudeville engaKt*'-
ment, in line with Orpheum vaude.
ville policy to briny only the best
and-'biggest stars. Other great act:,
on the same bill include Claude ain'
Marlon who have been "arguing"
with clever repartee in vaudeville
for years; Fortunelle and Clrillino,
the famous Italian clowns who are
on Orpheum time by special arrangement with the Greenwich village Follies; Sylvia Loyal and company In thetr novelty bird and animal act; Grace Hayes, a buddin;-
young genius of song whose star i*-
In a rapid ascendent; Babb, Carroll
and Syrell, ultra fashionable steppers; Chic Yorke and Rose Ktng^
"The Old Family Tin Type" novelty
of clever song and patter; and the
usual attractive pictures and concert
orchestra selections.
Next week, Orpheum vaudeville
brings another great star in the person of Nance O'Nell who will offer
a comedy drama of the present
called  "All  the  World's A  Stage."
Play AsYou Pay
LEWIS' convenient payment! will
suit you. No Interest charged on
the unpaid balances. Consider What
this item alone saves you on the full
price of a piano when bought on deferred terms.
Or  more,   sends   home  a
magnificent new
(Oak, Walnut and Mahogany)
Complete   with   Bench   and   25   New
Rolls,   your  own   choice.
Full Price, $700.00
No Interest Charged.
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Can!
Dougjlas Fairbanks' glorious fantasy of the Arabian Nights, teaching that happiness must be earned,
"The Thief of Bagdad," will begin
Its engagement of three days, next
Monday, Tuesday and "Wednesday at
thc Orpheum Theatre. This remarkable picture will be presented
in this city exactly as it was seen
at the Liberty theatre in New York,
with all the colorful atmospheric
effects, a symphony orchestra, full
scenic and stage effects, a band of
Arabian musicians, and a Mohammedan prayer man. Nothing in
moving pictures ever equalled the
sensation of the Magic Carpet of
Bagdad when seen for the first time
In New York. On this magic car.
pet, the thief of Bagdad and the
princess escape, soar over the housetops and fly off into the sky. Indeed
thore are so many astonishing happenings in this truly amazing pic-
turlssatlon of Arabian Nights tales,
that It ls actually imposible, ln a
small space, to describe any of them.
But it should not be forgotten nfter
ull that "The Thief of Bagdad" Is
In reality a charming love story,
full of romance nnd suspense. The
more important memhers of the
oast are^Julanne Johnston, formerly a member of the famous Morgan
dancers, who Impersonates the princess; So-Jin Kamayama, Imported
from Japan where he has been the
leading Shakespearean actor, who
impersonates the Mongol prince.
Anna Atay Wong, a charming little
Chinese flapper, is seen in the part
of the slave. Snitz Edwards, is the
thief's evil associate; Brandon Hurst
is the Caliph. "The Thief of Bagdad" will positively not be shown in
any other theatre in this city ihis
Tlio 'greatest assistance Unit the
renders of The Fed era tionist can render us at this time, ia by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread tho news of tho working elans
movement, and assist us.
Just Received
(They are the best)
Bange from  $7.50*
18-20 Oordova St. West
Child Labor
No fledgling feeds the father bird;
No chicken feeds the hen!
No kitten mouses for the cat—
This glory is for men.
We are the wisest, strongest race-
Loud may our praise oe sung!
The only animal alive
That lives upon its young.
—Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet *&
JiVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires fcoinfc with plenty of iood
IHAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
fcolden-cnuted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo.
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
° McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
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Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Till idi.rUMm.nt It not pnblUhid or dliplsrod bf tto Liquor Control Bowl or
ty tho Oor.nun._t of BrttUk OolusMs
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