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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 12, 1920

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Looks   as   Though   It's
Going to Be Anybody's Election
Labor Contesting Eleven
Ridings With Good
(By Special Correspondent)
The election campaign (or the
Provlnee of Britlah Columbia ls
now In full swng. Tbere are about
ltd candidates In the field for the
47 seats. Both the Liberals and
Conservatives have 4*6 candidates
In the field, the Federated Labor'
Party haa 14, Socialist Party 6, Labor candidates I, United Veterans
4 and the rest are made up of Far.
■ mer and Independents.
There Is no outstanding -issue
between the old parties, except the
usual one of trying to convince the
electors that they can do better
than the other fellow. In fact,
both sides are of the opinion that
a ohange la going to take place,
and with this end In iview. the
elector is Informed that it is impossible to form a government
from independent groups, hence
they had botter vote for one ot the
two old parties.
P. I,. P. in Ten Ridings
The Federated Labor Party Is
putting up a big campaign ln ten
constituencies. Two other constituencies arc yet to be heard from.
R. P. Pettipiece wae to have been
the candidate in Comox, but he
wae delaped in getting from Powell
River to Cumberland, Tuesday
evening, on account of the dense-
fog. This constituency was practically a sure thing, In as much as
800 workers In Powell River had
endorsed the candidature, and SOO
votes In the constituency would
have secured the seat. The delay
was caused on account of the fog
being so dense that no boat could
oross over.
J. H. Burrough is running   ln
Prince Rupert as a Labor candl-
(Contlnued on page 1}
Taxation Will Be the Subject of Debate at
The regular meeting of ' the
General Workers' Unit of the 0. B.
U, on Wednesday night was not
only well attended, but most interesting, the matters under discussion showing that the members
realise the necessity of working
class education. As a result of the
discussion a new forum committee
and a library committee were appointed. The new forum committee
has got down to business and has
arranged for a debate next Friday on the question of "Taxation." A committee was appointed
to arrange for a smoking concert.
It Is the Intention ot this unit to
have a large library of working
close works, and especially dealing
with history and economics. Later
it Is hoped that the library may
become a circulating medium, so
that the members can take the
works home and read and study
them, tor It was pointed out, that
reading alone was not sufficient,
but that study was necessary so
that the Information could he assimilated and applied to the.conditions as they apply ln this country. A movement was also started
to secure another 5000 subscribers
to the Federationist In the city.
i iii
8. P. of C. WiU Hold
Another Meeting
The days of "promises" now being ushered In through the medium ot a provincial election and
the usual camouflage of oratory
having been let loose, the candldatea of the Soutalllst party of
Canada were greeted by a capacity
Audience on Sunday evening at the
Empress Theatre. 'It there were
any people prwent In the hope of
being able to secure a plentiful
crop of promises for future hap-
pirfess and welfare through the
medium of marking a cross on a
ballot against the "names of the
candidates of the Socialist party,
the speakers spared no pains to
disillusion them. The programme
of the Socialist party meant a willingness to stand solidly behind an
endorsatlon of them at the ballot
box when It became a practical
question of putting Into effect the
transformation of the means of
production and distribution called
for a different order of intelligence
than that demanded by thojsc who
wished to be entrusted with the
patchwork reforms to the existing
Institutions of property. A correct
understanding o fthe position of
the workert In relation to the problems that were to be solved by
them Is of more Importance than
the election of members to capitalist legislative Institutions, and as
the function of the Socialists Is to
take advantage of all and every
meana at their disposal to place
lound knowledge before the work-
lug class, election campaigns served
a useful purpose in attracting those
who need the stimulus of such excitement to secure Information.
Dennis, Earp, Stephenson and
McQuoid were new platform material that the present provlnolal
campaign is responsible tot, and
they were successful In presenting
the general attitude of the party ln
the short <tlme allotted to them,
which necessitated .them confining
thslr remarks to more or less popular generalisations.
J. Harrington needed no intro-1
(Continued on page 8)
French Workers Abolish
Night Work Without
Bosses Consent
(By Max Worth)
(European Staff Correspondent for
the Federated Press)
Paris—The bakers of Paris and
some of the neighboring cities have
added another victory to the record of French labor achievement Night work has been abolished In the bakeries. Hereafter,
the bread will be baked by day,
and the bakers will take their'
pleasures and their repose In company with the remainder of the
There was no strike. The bakers, after going over the matter in
detail, came to the conclusion that
it would be possible to supply the
people with bread, and at the same
time to abolish night work. Consequently, on the appointed day,
tho Bakers Union, from the headquarters of the Oeneral Federation of Labor In Paris, distributed
cardB, directing their members
when to report for work. The flrst
shift went to work at 4 o'clock in
the morning.
The great majority of the employees accepted the new situation
at once. There were difficulties
with some of the smaller bakers in
the towns surrounding Paris, but,
as' a whole, there was no serious
inconvenience to any one, while
the bakers, as a consequence of
the new arrangement, have reorganized their whole period of toll.
Other Editions Are Being Planned
for Beilingham, Everett
and Elsewhere
The Seattle Union Record (Labor dally), with a circulation approximating 40,000 to 50,000 in
Seattle, also publishes a special
edition for- the city of Taeoma,
where 5000 to 6000 copies of the
special number are sold dally. A
Taeoma bureau In charge of an experienced newspaper man flashes
the Taeoma newa to Seattle by telegraph, long' distance phone and
special delivery mail, and the Taeoma edition ts run off on the
Union Record presses in the intervals between Seattle editions. A
fast interurban express carries the
Taeoma paper to its readers.
Eventually the Unton Record ex-
pects to publish editions for the
city of Belllngfiam, Wash,, and
Everett, Wash,, thus giving the
farmers and workers of each of
these districts a strictly local paper
without the expense of a building,
presses and equipment.
Rupert   Workers   Have
"Promises to Pay" But
No Money
George Casey for Atlin
Endorsed by Central
Labor Council
At the regular meeting of Frince
Rupert Central Labor Council, O.
B, U., the shipyard troubles there
have come to a crisis, and there
are about too employees walking
about with "promises to pay" in
their pocketa, for whioh they can
flnd few with faith enough to exchange for coin of the realm. Consequently we have the spectacle of
a number of wealth producers,
with the products of their common labor visible on the ways at
the dock, wandering around ln
search of something to eat or the
wherewithal with which It can be
exchanged. Two meetings of over
>00 each have been held In the O.
B. U. hall, at the flrst of wlhcb
the Shipyard Workers Unit had a
lawyer to explain tbe legal position
of the men ln their claim for wages
due. Action was deferred pending
the result of wires which had been
despatched by local politicians to
the ministry of Marine. Nothing
definite transpired from the use of
the wires.
At the flrst meeting, Colonel
Peck, the representative ln the
riding in the Dominion parliament,
was present, and at the second
meeting, the crowd was addressed
by Mr. Patullo, the Provincial mln.
later of Lands, who represents the
riding ln the Provlnolal parliament.
Neither could throw any light of
consequence on the possibilities of
getting, the wages paid at any early date.
Big O. B. V. Meeting
It Ib interesting to note that the
flrst of these meeings had been
advertised by a placard at the dry-
dock, over the name of the chairman of the O. B. U. Shipyard Workers Unit. That notice was torn
down by some individual unknown,
and a similar notice put ahortly
afterwards by a member of the offlce staff, advertising a meeting under International auspices. The
anticipated effect did not materialise, for while the latter resulted In
a gathering of a bare Hundred, the
O. B. U. hall was crowded at both
meetings, with over 800 employees
of the dock, Including the waitresses.
At the last meeting, after reviewing the situation and the probable
direction from which the relief so
urgently needed would be mont
likely to be secured. It was decided
(Continued on page 7)
i.       .-.-$_ f,i
Montreal   Worken  Are  ToW  at
Prospect «f Unemptoym**
or Wage Reduction.     ',.
(By the Federated Fresee.   -.
Ottawa, Ont.—Upwards of M,
000 garment workers In Monteal
face the prospect bf being out of
work this winter unless they ai««
to accept a reduction of 10 Mr
cent in wages, according to' jfr.'
Morris of the Hub Clothing Cajri-
pany of that olty. Mr. Morris dj«s
not admit the possibility of jto'
great reduction ln the retail aiming price ot clothes.
Dacuit, Lalsnde * CO., a
firm of boot unt shoe mar	
turers In Montreal, have Intimated
to their workers that unless ttoy
accept a wage reduction ot 11 Jn
cent their factory will to "'"
for an indefinite period.
Many Organizations Aye
Springing Up Among'
One ot the most encouraging
movements in the economic progress of India Is the growth of the
co-operative Idea among the agricultural and urban workers of the
country. Although the movement
is at present in its initial stage,
rapid development may be expected, for India with her heritage bf
the communlal spirit (the village
panchayat system of communal
government was prevalent up to the
time o'f the British occupation of
India) Is peculiarly fitted to develop
a system such as the po-operatlve
movement. "   \-
Fair beginnings Have been made,
and there ie much hope tor a more
vigorous development. Wbat thl»
movement signifies may easily'be
imagined. It means-first, a growing spirit of economic independence, based on united effort and individual thrift. Even more significantly. It means a realization of
the all-powerful Idea of unity—of
co-operation, through which can'
eventually be achieved In India
free development of the people.
Six  Months   Sentence  Doe*  Not
Frighten Her, She Says—De- '
scribes Miserable Conditions'.
(London Herald Cable)
London—Sylvia Pankhurst defy.
Ing the magistrate who sentenced
her to six months: imprisonment on
the charge of trying to stir up sedition irr the British navy by publish.
Ing 'The Worken' Dreadnought,'
told the court:
"Tou cannot f retghten me by any
sentence.' The ideas that I am
teaching may to startling to. you,
but I was brought up by a socialistic father." Bhe went on to describe the misery which exists
among her neighbors in the east
end Of London, especially among
the little ohlldren. 'Things are not
so In Soviet Russia," she said.
* A Correction.
The report given In laat week's
Issue of the charges made against
machinists taking the places of
striking plumbers, was Incorrect,
Insofar as the number* of the local
union was concerned.. Our report
stated the men charged were members of local 182. It should have
been 692.
Socialist Party of Canada
MONDAY,  NOVEMBER   15-Finnish
Pendter and Clinton Streets, at 8 p.m.
corner of Pender and Howe Streets, at 8 p.m.
Brutal Treatment Meted
Out to C. O. in U. S.
Military Prison
No 2— ONE OBJECTOR ..*.	
(By Carl  Haessler   (Conscientious
objector, recently released from
Alcatraz),    for    the    Federated
Press). »
Milwaukee. — Philip Grosser,
Boston, Mass., Is the only objector
still confined in Alcatraz military
prison. His continued confinement ls one of the Innumerable
examples of war department spite
and grudge policy In dealing with
political prisoners.
Grosser Ib in almost every respect a more deserving case for
clemency than the hundred ot more
other objectors who have already
been pardoned. Ho was caught In
the very first draft and has been
in prison ever since, during much
of the time subjected to the very
extremes of punishment practiced
In Secretary Baker's Institutions. *
In camp he was manhandled,
clubbed and kicked and after a
period ln solitary confinement
where her refused to eat the regulation bread and water he was taken
out, pinioned to the floor, his
mouth opened by inserting a bayonet between his teeth and the
solid contents of a stew forced
down his throat.
He was placed in the famous
"iron maiden" of Alcatraz, a cage
that looks like a barred coffin set
on end in which the prisoner can
neither sit, kneel or do anything
but stand erect. This, combined
with alterations of solitary confine-
ment on bread and water in .
dark cell without a bed, finally
forced his surrender from fear of
going insane and he went back to
Recently • the war department
sent a confidential letter to Colonel
J. B. MacDonald, the Alcatraz commandant, saying that they were
quietly releasing objectors and
would bc glad to recommend Gros-
ser's release. MacDonald replied
that Grosser was not a sincere objector since he was willing to fight
for Soviet Russia, but would not
fight for the WilBon administration.
Thla attlltude of thc commandant was a flagrant piece of spite
work since he had previously recommended the release of two
other political objectors, Jackson
Leonard and Carl Haessler, who
had taken exactly the same stand
on fighting that Grosser had done.'
Czechoslovak Government to Bring Industrial Change
Prague—The Czecho-SIovak government, headed by President Masaryk, continues to insist that- It
Intends to bring about the gradual
socialization of. the prlinc.pal industries of the republic and that
the so-called working cabinet,
headed by X>t. Corny, will not Berve
the reaction.
In a telegram eent to the League
of Czech Legionaries this week th
anawer to the veterans' demands
for speed in Industrial and military reforms, President Masaryk
declare^ that socialization must be
proceeded by the education of the
workers and all others concerned
and that, because of the ownership of much property in Czechoslovakia by foreigners, there could
be no general expropriation without compensation.
Addressing a mooting of miners
In Praibram last week, President
Masaryk said that their industry
would be thc first one to be socialized.
On the other hand recent developments tend to confirm the fears
expressed by the opponents of the
cabinet headed by Premier Cerny
to the effect that the Liberal Socialist regime, headed by Ex-Pret
mler Tusar was to be succeeded by
a temporary reign of reaction. The
rights of political asylum and the
exercise of free sspeech by foreigners are being seriously Invaded.
Count Michael Karolyi, former
premier of Hungary under the
brief Republican regime, hae left
Czacho-Slovakla. Some of the
count's friends suspect fear of what
the growing repprochment between
the reactionary Horthy government
of Hungary and government circles here might lead to In the line
of extradition had something to
do with ,the count's departure.
British Profiteers Have
Now Made Big German
Trade Possible
(By The Federated Press)
London—High tariff agitation
has-been strongly renewed here
wltj 'the news that several hosiery
mills in Leicester and Nottingham
have.been forced to close because
of oheav Oerman hosiery flooding
the Bngllsh market. The whole
textile Industry Is chorusing the cry
against German competition that
has .for months come from Bngllsh
toy manufacturers.
But there Is another side. Fee
pie are beginning to analyse the
situation, and to realise that the
British manufacturers In many
lines have been profiting Inordinately. So consumers are reaching
out In great number for the less el-
pensive German products, and are
forgetting their nationalism In the
presence of opportunity for economy.
Correspondents are requested to
double space their copy*ln order
that corrections, etc., can be easily
Soutli Vancouver Social
A whist dflve and social will ba
held in St. Mary's hall, corner of
Fifty-second and Prince Albert
street, Wednesday, November 17,
at 8 p.m., under the ausples of
the South Vancouver Women's Cooperative Guild. Admission 26c.
Good programme; refreshments,"
Hindus Given Preference
of Working for $10 a
Month or Get Out
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Attorneys for the
Hindus taken In a raid by officials
of the department of Justice and
immigration at Bethlehem, Pa.,
several months ago, report today
'that three more have been ordered
deported. They are Avis B. Awang,
Abdul Karlm and Abdul Bafoor.
Three were released by the immigration authorities; Abdul Wacco,
Abdul Karim alias John Alias, and
Mohammed Sanoo. The cases of
three others are yet to be heard.
Thirty men were taken ln tbe
original raid, which thc attorneys
claim was at the Instigation of
British shipping nterests. At Ellis Island they were Informed that
they might chouse" between service
on a British'ship, then in New
York harbor, at 110 per month or
deportation to India. They refused the ship service. FrlendB
(Ind attorneys who attempted to
reach them were refused admittance to the Island. The Friends
•of Freedom for India finally obtained ball for the men and employed attorneys.
Twenty-one of tbe original 30
have .already been deported. Nothing has been heard from them
sinco they left Ellis Island.
Political  and  Industrial
Movements Are
May Join Labor Movement of Banat and
Old Rumania
By Ernest Dorsy
(Vienna  Staff Correspondent  for
the Federated Press.)
Vienna, Oct. 15.—Should the
Labor movement of Transylvania
and the Banat Join the Labor movement In Old Rumania and should
the Socialist party thus united Join
the Third Internationale? These
are the questions that confront
workers et that large territory
which by force of, the Peace Treaty
haa been united with Great Rumania.
Shortly after the revolution ln
October and November, 1918, Rumanian troops invaded Transylvania
and the Banat, bo that the workers
there were cut ott from the oxecutive committee ot the Social Democratic Party and the Trade Union
Council In Budapest. The ex-
Rumanian army proclaimed a severe martial law and the central
executive committee of the Rumanian Socialist party had to overcome the greatest difficulties ln organising the workers of Transylvania, the Banat, the Koros-Valley,
and the bordering northern districts.
The workers there still have to
endure much persecution by the
authorities. According to my Informant the last two years' history
of the Transylvania Labor movement reveals an endless chain of
the most cruel > persecutions. In
May, at the time of the elections,
the terror had reached its height.
The Socialists were arrested, -beaten to unconsciousness and tortured
in Indescribable fashion.
Tho ar ny and the gendarmerie
freely brushed aside the right to
assemble, and thus the trade unton
premises were requisitioned for po-
lice and military purposes, ail meetings, even scientific lectures, forbidden and the candidates prevented from making the slightest election propaganda ln their districts.
Consequently the Banat and Tran-
sylvana Labor party captured only
five seats at the eloction.
In spite of all this, organization
is proceeding. The workers aro
Joining Into common organizations
without regard to national differences.
The miners of Transylvania have
built up their organization to a
membership of 30,000. The rallwaymen have 16,216, tho Iron and
metal workers with 10,212. The
(Continued on page 6)
Will Formally Open New
Hall by Social and
-■ Dance
Membera of the O. B. JJ. and
their frienda are cordially invited
to attend a concert and dance to
be held In the O. B. U. hall, oorner
of Pender and Howe streets tonight (Friday). A new floor haa
-been laid In the large hall, and
It ia Intended to have a whale
of a time. A first class orchestra
will be In attendance, and a good
programme Is assured, The ladiea
are requested to bring along some
cake, and the gentlemen will bring
fruit. The Women's Auxiliary will
look after the coffee, and everybody will attend to the eating and
drinking. Efforts are being bade
to fill up the kitchen with crockery,
and any one who has an old cup or
saucer or both (that they are tired
of) the unit will be very glad to
have, so get busy and look over
your stock. Of course, If any of the
bachelors feel like buying a few,
there Is no objection, and they will
be well looked after; The fireworks at > p. m„ and will keep It
going till li.ni. Don't forget the
date, the time, the place, the grub
and the old cups and saucers.
J. H.
I x
When through wltn thla paper,
Join Forces
<■ At a meeting of all members of
the O. B. U. in the New Wcstmln
ster district, held on Wednesday
evenng;, it was decided to Join
forces. .Tbe arrangements are
-be Haiiroad Workers of Port
Mann, the Mill Workers, and the
general workers will meet together. They will meet on the Jet
and Srd Wednesdaya In eacn
mionth. The secretary of the Port
Mann Unit has been authorized to
collect dues from uny member In
the district.
Auxiliary Will Not Meet.
,The Women's Auxiliary of the
pi B, V, will not "meet tonight (Friday) tn order' to allow all members
,tf* attend the House Warming In
Xl]e O. B. U. Hall. The next regu-
lar meeting will be held on Friday,
November 26.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Sunday evening meeting.
WEDNESDAY—Socialist Party campaign meeting.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
FRIDAY—Open Forum; subject, "Taxation."
Make New Move to Offset
Legislation Blocking
Political Action
(By Gordon Cascaden, for the Fed.
orated Press)
Toronto, Out.—Canada s big Interests and old line politicians are
confounded by tho latest move organized farmers arc making to offset legislation passed at the last
session of the Dominion Parliament to block the agrarian and
labor movements from financing
their political campaigns.
National, Liberal - Conservative
and Liberal members of parliament
united to paBs an act stipulating
that political funds could be-col
looted by political parties only,
thereby blocking tho Farmers because their organization Is Inter
ested in co-operative and purely
agricultural pursuits as well as
The Unltod Farmers of Ontario
arc to build a straight political organization apart from their present force, and since sufficient
time does not remain for organization of a provincial farmer political body bofore the bye-clectlon
In East Elgin for thc Dominion
House of Commons, Farmer party
supporters ln thnt district have Incorporated the "EaBt Elgin U. F.
C. Political Association" "for political purposes alone." In this way
thoy can compete with the Meighen
government and Liberal organisations on an equal foollns under
the Election Act.
The western provinces have time
to prepare for provincial political
organization. The "steam-up" liberty drive of tho new "National
Policy Politieal Association" In
Saskatchewan provinco wus
"launched this weok, and R, H,
Johnson of Reglna, centrnl secretary, declares everything points to
a successful canvass of 150,000
electors for campaign distribution
and promises for the support of
tho Agr'arian candidates In the
coming Federal elections. Speakers aro covering every section of
the province.
The provinces of Manitoba anil
Alborta have already organized
Formers' political partlcB to comply with an aet sponsored by manufacturing interests which felt
their campaign contributions could
not control elections after the two-
party system was destroyed. Various provincial branches of tho
Dominion Labor party have already
organizod   for  political   purposes.
Sensational Resolution Is
Adopted by New York
Women's Clubs
(By tho Federated Press)
Utlce, N. y.—A sensational resolution, advocating birth control In
family life, was adopted, despite
bitter opposition, by the New York
State Federation of Women's
Clubs, ln convention here. The
vote was-Ht to »7 ln favor of the
resolution. The most acrimonious
debate of the convention preceded
the. balloting.
The ' resolution, presented by
Nora W. Cruikshank and endorsed
by the resolution committee for
presentation was worded aB follows:
"Whereas, one of the primary
necessities for family, and therefore for public health, Is an intelligently determined Interval between pregnancies, to be secured
by regulating the Inception of life
and not by Interfering with life
after it starts;  and
'Whereas thc lack of knowledge
ns to how to' secure such an In
terval frequently results in serious
disaster fer mothers and babies
and Indirectly for the entire com
munlty, bo It
"Resolved, that tlie New York
State Federation of Women's Clubs
urge tho speedy removal of all
barriers, due to legal restrictions,
tradition, prejudice or ignorunce,
wblch now prevents parents from
access to such scientific knowledge on thlB subjoct ns Is possessed by the medical profession."
Central Coundl Gets Rep<
mentation on Hospital Board
Native Organizers to Bt
Employed to Organise
(Special to The Federationlit)   J
The    Prince    Rupert    Central 1
Labor Council aaa secured the pri- •'
vilege ef eeating one represent*- /
tive in an advisory capacity on thl ,
Board of Directors of the Prlnci
Rupert General Hospital as a remit of an application made on thi
recommendation  ef   the   hosplts
committee,   p. B. V. patients havi    '
frequently expressed their appreciation shown them by memben ol   I
the committee, chiefly    by    Mn
Booth, and the seat on the boar*
will enable a more efficient watch
to be kept over their welfare.   Al
the constituency that elects thi   |
board le composed of those  who
subscribe. »5 a year or more to
the hospital fund, it will be a question Jor the council to deal with
before the nut election of membera of the board takes place as   '
to whether it will have delegate!
with a voico and vote for the future.
The Women's Auxllllery Is bus)
organising a Christmas tree entertainment for the children et •
O. B, u. parents under li. (The 1
children, of course—the O. B. U. U
a prolific organisation, but has not
yet achieved that-kind of distinction.) -
The question of putting native
organizers In the Held for a few
weeks around Christmas was discussed at thc two last meetings, and
the decision finally arrived at thai
the returns would Justify the expenditure. There are In the neighborhood of 4000 natives engaged In
the Ashing Industry tributary to
Prince Rupert, and It Is the Intention to organise them Into the
Fisheries and Water Products
Unit In time for the comnlg sea-.
(Continued on Page 6)
Nine   Washington   Men   Charged
With Criminal Syndicalism
Are Dismissed.
(By the Federated' Press)
Seattle, Wash.—Superior Court
Judge J. T. Ronald has thrown out
of court nine cases against members of the I. W. W. charged with
criminal syndicalism. The oases
havo been permitted to drag along
against the men In the hopo that
some sort of evidence might In-
found to make a case that would
not be laughed out of court, but
the prosecution has failed nnd
Judge Ronald dismissed thc cases
on the ground that the limit of
time had been passed.
Contributions! to the O. B. TJ,
organization fund by the Lumber
Workers at Sechelt:
Frank Bt -kas, .2; N. Seller, |1|
J. Dekousky, Jl: H. Salvall, 11:
John Olson, $1; M. Samlberg, |2;
O. Anderson, fl; K. Clerlld, |2;
Fred Rosonstrom, tl; A. Richer,
12; Dan Leebcrg, Jl; John Gran-
vall, (2; J- E. McLandcr, 12; John
Nelson, $1; D. Miller, |3; Fred
Gustaphsnn, 11; Charles Mai-Gilli-
vlary, |2; Chris Jermason, 41; T.
Treear, .1; O. Maher, fl; O. C.
Halm, 2Gc; Jack Davis, 12; Wm.
Abermothy, |1.   Total, 182.26,
Honest John Is now  busy defending his honesty.
Whero ls your Union button?
France Faces Ruin Unlest
U. S. Cancels Debt-
Nations in Bad Way
(By Paul Hanna)
(Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press)
Washington—America will shortly be called upon formally to renounce the 110,000,000,000 gweS
the United States by France, Great
Britain, Italy and othor "associated" governrAcnts.
That is the burden of very definite information received here.
France will take the lead in thl!
enterprise. French financiers havt
already worked out a plan to which
the United States will be asked tt
subscribe, lt Is said.
Without the Indemnity from
Germany, or a like amount from
some other quarter, French capitalism faces ruin. By the terms ol
Versailles It has been made impossible for * Germany to pay. So
Franco Is so hard up that she (like
Great Britain and Italy), Is not
even pnying the Interest on her
debt to the United States government, and individual Americans
who bought Franco-British bonds
in 191G, which matured last month,
are not getting their money.
If America should cancel tho
dobt from Europe It will add $10,-
000,000,000 tn the bonded Indebtedness of this country. In money
cost It would be the same as If we
should enter Into another war
many times more expensive than
the civil war.
It Is chiefly of Interest to know
that America must either do this
thing which tho French government asks or else eee France Join
Germany In the slide toward flnan.
clal ruin.
This fate might be postponed If
French millionaires would allow
themselves to bc taxed. But tbey
won't allow It. They would not
allow it evon in the midst of tho
world war. They can't tolerate
the Idea in the midst of their "victory."
Whist drive and dance In Cotillion hall this (Friday) evenng,
auspices Women's Co-operative
Guild.    Good and useful prizes.
Tlio Ilrst big meeting of tlie Greater Vancouver Campaign of
tlio Federated Lalior Party will be held In tho
Chair will bo tuken at 8 o'clock prompt
Propaganda meeting will be held In the
Speakers nt both meetings will be the F. L. P. candldatea for
Vancouver, Richmond, South Vanconver and Nanalmo, and Mrs,
Henderson, and Messrs, Course, Taylor and Clark, <MOF, TWO
FRIDAY...... .November 11, HM
See these coats—the greatest values you'll flnd anywhere
in heavyweight, durable, rubberized English Tweed Bain,
coats. Begular $25.00 -**| £ Q£
values, at «P 1 OeUO
$35.00 and $40.00 heavyweight, finest quality, English
Rubberized Tweed Baincoats, in handsomed»«>|J oy £
mixtures.   Sale price tyetVJo I O
(By Wilfred Wellook ln the So-fand revolutionary .(in the host
leaie) literature ot whloh thla
country knows nothing. Apart
(rom book! and pamphlet!, I hiye.
myulf handled scores of advanoed
and revolutionary weeklies aiia.
monthlies which have taken Weir
origin since the Revolution of Wg-
vember, 1911. ._ .
Ity vlilt to Germany, with the
exception of a fortnight spent In
Vienna, covered nearly live montli!
from tho end of January ln the
current year. The first two months
spent in Berlin,  witnessing at
We have a very neat Dinner Set
of plain white Royal English semi,
porcelain—52-plece   #1A AA
set tor only.  916.UU
China Tea Set of 11 pieces; neat
floral *£ CA
decoration .. tptJeOV
will be at our Toyland tomorrow
and want!'to meet tha kiddles and
receive their letters.
Millar & Coe
Headquarters for Chins and Tojv
419 Hastings West     Phone Sey. 475
cialist Review.)
It la always a debatable point as
to what constitutes a man's right
to speak of a people or* a movement "from the Inside." For there
can be no fixed rule, as minds vary
considerably In their power to
sense tendencies and' differences,
and to pick up'impressions, A flying six days' tour would be enough
for a certain type of enterprising
journalist to claim that right;
whllt others would hesitate to
claim* lt after an acquaintance of
as many years. But In every sojourn among a comparatively unknown people there does come a
time when one passes over from
inquisition to fellowship, and begins to see things as a native sees
But of one thing there can be
no doubt, vis., that lt Is absolutely
imperative the people of this country should know more about Germany than they do. The Ignorance of even the more enlightened Englishman on conditions in
Germany, especially spiritual and
intellectual conditions, the postwar mentality, ls nothing short of
appalling. The need for understanding each other's point of view
and Intellectual trend, each other's
hopes, alms and Ideals, between
the great Western States was never
so great as It ls today. Either
this Ignorance Is due to bad feeling,
which is deplorable, or It is part
of the capitalist conspiracy against
labor'. On the whole, England is
only Informed on the Internal situation in Germany In so far as lt
affects the interests of the big
financiers. There ls in Germany,
for example, a mass of idealistic
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for earn ytsr's ubierlptlm to The.
B. a ftdwstIon.pt, will be mailed te
sny Addrea* in Canada for $22.60
(Oood anywhere oatilds ef Vanconror
elty.) Ordor tan today. Bsjtttt 'whaaaoU.
I Slater's Siloed Streaky Bacon, lb. ~..65e
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb 60c
Slater's Sliced-Ayshtre Baooa, lb.....5fic
Slater's Siloed Ayrshire Bacon* lb 46c
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb.......60c
Wa aell nothing bat the beat Batter;
reg. 68e lb.; Saturday from 8 SJn. to
11 a.m., apeclal, lb. 83o
Experience is everything
in Expression Work
"Rtgular" fwtnn. soon loss
tn, (on 11 net* ete vtlulet
u alnktpn. My ofnulM
work nitons yosr ttu to
n.Iur.l linn. Toa will bo ur
priasd st IU hultUw sa4 mn.
plowing .ppeir.no..
My yean of specialized experience in thl
perfect matching of Expression Work
with natural teeth in exact size, shape and
tint givb' yon advantages you can't gat '
elsewhere. Then, too, ny moderate charge
is within tha means of any ona who appreciates good appearance.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Oor. Seymonr
Phone Sey. 3331
0«c« Open Tueaday taf. Friday
Fineat Fore Lord, 8 lba. fer  11.00
hneo Oleomsrsorine, a lbs. lor  70s
Fineat Bauer Kraut, 8 lba. for —.....26c
Albert, fresh Ens, doa.  75c
B. 0. Fresh Egg., doaen SSo
1. O. Storage Egge, doaea _..._SSe
SbUtt's Famous Sugsr Oared Ptosis
Hun;  rogular SSo lb.,  tiller wd
8Murds7, .pMial.lt>. _.. .....SO l-8e
Stater's-Kod Lsbel Tos. lb. „	
Sister's Oreo. Lsbel Tes, lb. ..- SSo
Slater's Fineat Blend Coffee, Ik .......AOe
riaeat Sugar Cured Fo. Ifod Baett
Bteen, la S aad lib. pttooa; regularSS. lb. speolal. lb M 1-Ss
'    SPOTS!     8FDDSI     SFVOSI
Netted Son Spudl, 100 lba ....13.70
Flaost OMIUwick Spuds, 100 lba. -..SS.60
Pineal Highland Spuda, 100 lbs SS.S6
Fineat Portland Spuds, 100 lba —I9.SS
All 100-lh. ordera delivered fro..
Victory Bonds aewpted In payment lot dental work.
DB. BRETT ANDIBSON, formerly member ef the Faoulty of ft.
Oeltago of Dentistry, Oalrerslty of. Southern California, Lecturer
on Oiown ud Bridgework, Demonalrator la PlaUwork aad Operative Deatlatry, Loeal ud Oeneral Anaoathlaia,
USTB1I     '
Han nn tried our Famoua Ayrahlra
Baok Baconi reg. OOo Ib, Friday and
Saturday Speolal, siloed, per lb.....B0c
Fork Is Oheapor
W. will sell our Famous Pork Shoulders,
weighing from S to I lbs., regular SSo lb.,
Friday and Saturday, Special, lb...SS He
This la Beal Lamb—not Old Mutton.
Canterbury Lamb Stew, lb. -—~--M«
Canterbury Lamb Shoulders, n»..2BVaC
Canterbury Lamb Lnlne, lb—82 1-20
Canterbury Lamb Luge, lb. — 3Bc
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap goode can anly.be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
Is produeed from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
No. 1 Steer Pot Roaata from, lb. ....IBe
No. 1 Steer Own Roaata from, Ib 18c
No. 1 Steer Rolled Roaata from, lb. 28 l-2c
No. 1 Steer Boiling Boot from, lb 16c
No.  1 Steer Blew Beef from, lb—18c
Our brothers and sisters there need immediate Medical Aid.   Mail your contribution at
once. If you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list.
M.POPOVICH, .      t   _
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of...
 Dollars towards purchase of
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
Name   ■ ;
Address    -•• :
Loeal Lamb Lege, as oat, lb 998
Loeal Lamb Loina, aa cut, lb. ......310
Looal Lamb Sbouldera aa cut lb 27»/aO
■  t
A Paw Speciala Not Delivered Alone
Fineat Nabob Tea, from 8 a.m. /to 13
noon, Ib.   - —-..BSo
Quaker Pean, 2-Ib. tin, reg. 4Sc 1I....300
Plneapplea, 3-lb. tlna; reg. «o lb 88c
Nabob Jolly Powdera, 3 for  26c
Bird's Cuatord Powder, 2 for -26c
Fineat Rolled Oate, S-lb. Baek  48c
Slater'a Famoua Streaky Baeon, in
half or whole alaba; reg. 56o lb..
apodal, lb.   « Ho
Fineat   Hard,    Dry    Onlnna, In 100-lb.
aaeka, each, only  12.00
601b. aacka, each, only 8100
10-lb.  Iota,  only   ......26c
Maple Leal Milk. 2 for  2Bc
New   Lobatera,   amall   lln   ...- SBC
Now Lobatora, large tin  .'— BBo
Tomato Kotclinp, large bottlo  2Bc
Hlater'a Special Coffee, lb  68c
Baking  Powder,  large tin   SOC
ISS Haatinga St. ■.; Phono Ssy.
close quarters the events connected with the Kapp Putsch. After?
wards I travelled through Germany, visiting almost every part
with the exception of the east and
northeast, Berlin and Dresden being the limit! of my wanderings Iji
these directions. I went as a pacifist and Internationalist, and, as
auch, Interviewed all manner of
representative people—politicians
of all parties, pacifists, professors,
students, educationalists, social
workers, founders of land" and
other Socialist settlements, mln
isters of religion, and Idealist! of
every description, and acquainted
myself with a large number of
movements, groupa of workers
seeking a road to a new and better world. I attended numerous
publlo meetings, politieal and
otherwise, In some of which I took
part. Also I made a point of visiting ae many people aa possible tn
their homes, ao as to get a more
accurate Impression of the 'actual
food and general economic conditions.
Situation Impossible
The two outsanding impressions
of my tour are: (1) That the
economle situation under the Versailles Treaty ls Impossible; and
(2) that a social revolution during
the neit few years Is almost inevitable.
(1) No one who haa not vtilted
actual German home!, lived among
the people, il ln a position to know
what the economic condition of
Germany really li. It Is not until
one has sat down at the aame
family table for half-a-dosen tlmei
consecutively, and, in consequence,
taken a midday meal of Insipid
soup, and potatoes, and an evening meal of dry bread and bad
coffee without sugar or milk, that
oue beglins to realise what life in
Germany is to the vaat majority of
her people, and what the suffering
of the last four years. has been;'
It is a simple fact that the majority of the working-class »<§>*'
lation of the larger -towns &*re
not tasted milk for four or.ijlyS
years, I have gone into homo' af-'
ter home where that has been lhi
case. And, what is more Important, they have no prospect of t\ei-
tlng any. If the middle class if—"
better it is at the cost of fast-'
lulling fortune* The food sll
tlon wa! bad when I arrived,
Berlin ln January, but lt was cot-
slderably worn whea I left It jai
June; and from all one could see
or learn It la likely to go atlll
wonss! For pricos are continually
rising, while exports are falHnfrf>
which meana that the teoi shortage w|U increase and, as a consequence, that prices will soar still
higher. In February, living ln
Germany waa cheap for an Englishman; but owing to the rapid
rise. In jirlcea there are now. 'ew
thlnga that it paya an Englishman
to buy In Germany. Today, for
instance, one can buy three times
more margarine with an Bngllsh
pound ln England than one can in
Prices Go Vp
But to realize the situation of
the German worker It Is necessary
to compare wages, and prices today with what they were bBfore
the war. And the fact la that
while wagei have been multiplied
from three to sir times, prices have
been multiplied trom six to sixty
times. I doubt tf there is a single
article of clothing which does not
now cost at least twenty to thirty
tllmes what it did before the war.
A pound of margarine that oost
half a mark in 1814 now costs 2f
marks. An egg costs three shillings, and a pound of rloe that
used to cost a quarter of a mark
now costs twelve marks. These
are. the crucial facto, aud not the
occasional luxury stores whloh
seem to be all that Journalists of
a certain tyoe see. To 80 per cent,
of the German people the dally
problem is how to secure sufficient
food to seo the day through; and
It Is a greater problem today than
lt was six months ago. When the
rationed weekly 4-pound loaf of
moist, black bread, with Its ti per
cent of husks, has been consumed, the trouble Is how to get a satisfying meal. No wonder that the
eternal topic of conversation—1in
the home, in train and tram, and
In the street, Is food—food and
politics; the Peace, the Entente,
the Revolution.
A Bed Revolution Imminent
Only the profiteers and the unmarried skillod workers can afford
to buy clothing, or have done fcr
years. I saw hundreds of "Sun ■
ecy_ auits, while Imitation sfclnti,
(hat ls, shirt tops, are becomta g
more and more "popular,", i. Tne
Ingenuity of the German housewife has been taxed to the utmw t,
82S8 but even she cannot make garmeh
SSO Oremile St.; Phoae Say. SSS      out ot nothing;    consequently! tie
32S0 Mala St.', Phon. Fair. MBS    I clothing question is becoming .If
116 Bank of Nova Sootia Building
Phone Soy. 2276
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, FOt Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
4B Hasting* Strwt Eut 728 Ortnvilte Strwt
Sermour 988-872 Soymour 9613
creaslngly serious. Should a sever,
winter, 11. ahead, shortage ot food,
fuel and olothing will bring about
A oriel, whloh. will hav. far-reaching consequences.
" No Prospect.
Th. root difficulties are . tilt
and coal. Whil. In Augsburg, the
'chief centr. pf th. cotton Industry
In South Germany, I^went over a
.large spinning and weaving faotory.
Ou. of 860 loom. 600 wer. at a
standstill, while two-thlr'ds of the
spinning machinery was also Idle.
I visited th. raw cotton storehouse,
and found it almost empty. "Can't
you get cotton?" I asked, "Is it
still held back?" "Oh, no, we can
'get it now If only1 we could pay for
it, but the mark at i%d. what can
w. do? Besides, food prices are
so high that our people simply oan
not buy olothing. And naturally in
these circumstances we could not
compete with England in foreign
market., even lf we had access to
them; so w. simply proceed from
hand to mouth. Our pr'esent orders
will run out ln a fortnight, and
beyond that we hav. no prospects.
We are reaching a crisis in Germany, and lf our credit does not
improve we shall go to pieces."
"But, providing you could buy cotton, could you get the coal ?" I enquired. Th. proprietor smiled sardonically. "Come this way," he
said, and he led me across a yard
to the boiler house. "Here ls our
fuel," he remarked, and allowed
me to contemplate lt There was a
amall heap of coal, a huge heap of
coal dust, a still larger heap of peat
In a shed close by, ajid beside it
an even larger heap of logs. "With
stuff like this It would not be possible to keep more than a limited
portion of our machinery running.
As it Is our boilers are being
That example fallrly well epitomizes the Industrial situation in
Germany. Indeed everything I
saw might be described as an Illustration of Keyne'a argument ln
his book on the economic conse
quences of the peace. Th. economic situation In Germany is impossible, and must, sooner or* later
brine about an impasse unless an
entirely new policy is adopted.
But there Is now very littlo hope
In Germany that a new policy will
be adopted—at any rate, by the
governments now in power. Indeed, I think it can. safely be said
that, amongst a large and growing
number of people there is no keen
desire that. th. peace tr'enty should
be Improved. And, strange as it
ma,y seem, such an attitude ls not
difficult to explain. Regarding this
question, there are three streams
of feeling. The great body of the
Lett wing Is so absolutely convinced of the hopelessness, the im
pending bankruptcy of capitalism,
that they see no, hope of improvement until It has' been swept away;
which they believe will not be long
at the rate thing, are going.
"Keep quiet and let the capitalist
go ahead!" might ba described
their* polloy.
The Democrats, on th. other
hand, the old Liberals, who include
the bulk of the capitalists, are seriously hoping and working for a
reasonable and practicable peace.
Their chief concern la the survival
ot capitalism, which they believe to
be in Jeopardy. Indeed, they are
astounded that the Entente capitalists, particularly those of Britain, cannot see what disaster they
are bringing upon themselves. They
speak assurlngly about the Bngllsh
sporting spirit, their love of justice
and fair play, etc., and assert with
emphasis that the practical sense
of Britain must sooner or later
com. to,the rescue and save Germany, and even Britain herself,
from rpvn.nMnn, But they are beginning to despair.
Hate France
On the Right feeling varies, but
deep In th. hearts ot Increasing
numbers U a growing hatred of
France, and, though ln a less de-
grec, of Britain. Many of these
would like a war of revenge. Tha
.party, as a whole, lncludes*the old
official and military classes, a large
proportion of professors and students, and not a few minister* of
religion, all of whom have been
very hard hit hy the changes of
the laBt eighteen months and feel
very keenly the humiliation of
their present poverty. Their pensions are worthless and their small
hoards have vanished or are fast
vanishing. The more desperate
among them see no hope except
In an even more aggravated economic situation. They would Uke
th. peopl. to revolt, so that they
might step in and save the nation
from Bolshevtem, and establish a
military regime. There are hosts
of students who talk in this wuy,
and in many cases they but reflect
the thought' of their more discreet
elders. There are others, however, whom the hopelessness of the
situation swings in a quite opposite direction. These would be pre.
pared to . support a Bolshevist
movement,' even an' invasion hy
Red Russia, in order to free their
country from the grip of the Entente.
No one unacquainted with the
existing conditions In Germany
would possibly be able to understand the comparative Indifference
of the German people towards the
Spa conference, and why they had
not bounded into eoataey at tne
Entente's "concessions." As a fact
the Spa concessions are a very
doubtful beneflt. The peace treaty
was so utterly and obviously Incapable of fulfilment that lt developed a fatal spirit of Irresponsibility. Not being.able to fulfil the
treaty conditions in any circumstances, Germany did not hand
over ea much money and material
as she otherwise might have done.
The Allies, recognizing this, desired to remedy the defect; hence Spa.
They want their demands to be
"possible," but their idea 'of possibility Is the utmost that can be
exacted consistent with the barest
physical existence, Thus the Spa
conference is one more proof that
nothing Is to be hoped for from
the Entente eo long as its policies
are controlled by Its present dictator's. Until men with a new mind
and a new outlook come Into power the destructive policy inaugurated In the Versailles peace wll be
(2)     I  am   convinced,   after
very  careful study  of  the  entire
situation, that only a mlraole can
prevent a "red" revolution in Germany.   The historical development
of th. Socialist movement, th. present economlo situation, and the
psychology bora of the post-war
period are all pointing to and hastening a final clash between capital and labor. Th. revolution of
November, \t\t, was ln no sens, a
social revolltion; it was not even a
political revolution; lt was a spontaneous effort of the people to stop
the war and overthrow the militarists. Perhaps It might be said that
It wa. th. preliminary in a social
revolution, which any one well acquainted with the different section,
of th. German Socialist movement
today would probably say can not
long be delayed. Even apart from
th. "reds," the Intellectual support
that 1. given to the cause of a
non-oapltalist. sooial order is so
great, and the opposition of the
capitalists to auch a change so
fierce, that tt Is difficult to think
of the future of Germany ecept In
terms of force. A sense of impending conflict haunts one everywhere, the only questions being
just when and how lt will break
out. Alternative possibilities are
freely discussed. The present war
between Russia and Poland is being eagerly watched, and might, ln
certain eventualities, lead to action. But until the German Socialists see possibilities of economic
development by contact with Russia they will be slow to aot. If
the Polish situation does not develop they will await other opportunities, In th. meantime testing
political posslbllltes to the utmost
But tt must be frankly stated that
the chances of a political settlement of the issue between capital
and labor are exceedingly alight
The conflict between Right and
Left becomes ever sharper, while
compromise ia out of th. question.
Indeed, th. recent elections were
sympathetic, aa was also the decision of the Majority Socialists not
to enter a government without the
Independents. Current politic. In
Germany art* marked by an utter
absence of desire to make the best
of the situation; the claas struggle
being the supreme reality behind
every issue. With the Socialists tt
is a conviction that society cannot longer continue on the basis of
capitalism. Current politics are a
sheer struprgle for power, and, fin?
ally, for military power. Both Left
and Right think In terms ot power.
The result ia a psychological situation whose portent Is unmistakable. * ,
Struggle for Power .
I am well aware that there are
many Left wing leaders, even
among the Independent, who' are
strongly opposed to a revolution of
force, and who favor proceeding by
way of politics, even to the extent
of co-op elating with the capitalists.
But tbey are not likely to get their
way; and were they to do eo there
ls little hope they would succeed
after the tragic failure of the post-
Revolution coalition. Whht actually took.place in the recent government waa an unbroken conflict
between two Ideals, ln which the
capitalists ultimately won. Whether
Germany ha. a Coalition government or not will make nq difference to the olass struggle which
rages. Ia either caae the objective of both tides will be power.
As regards the present government,
Us difficulty Is that Its fate rests In
the hands of men who have reaaon
to fear labor; hence lta policy will
be one of caution. Were a new
election to put the Left in power,
a rigorous Socialite programme
would result which would be a signal of revolt to the Right. Whichever way we turn, therefore, the
outlook is the same.' ,
Amid such conditions the question ot the likelihood of the Spa
"agreement" re disarmament being carried out may be left to the
reader's imagination.
The false prosperity obtaining In
this country obscures the world
situation and prevents the average
Englishman from seeing the trend
of events aa one Is able to see It ln
Germany. The great body of German Socialists Bee with astonishing clearness the collapse of capitalist rule, ond watch the process
of decay with prophetic calm, believing that the end of their oppression Is near, that a new and
brighter day is about to dawn.
They are patient because they understand the game that Is being
played; neither hunger nor nakedness Is able to goad them into precipitate action. Spa neither disturbs nor disappoints them; lt but
confirms their faith, Increases their
determination and their courage.
To them capitalism ls collapsing by
reason of lta materialistic, anti-social nature-, Its Inability longer to
hold the world together. Socialism,
they will tell you, ls but the history
of a growing revolt against an -antisocial principle, and an attempt to
replace that principle by a more
spiritual one. And they claim that
the spiritual debacle of the last six
years ts the justification of their
assertions. But the end la not
yet; worso things are In Btore.
Hunger, endless waste and rutn
have opened the eyes of the German workman and compelled him
to see with indescribable clearness
what he was unable to see before.
Thua hla mind goes back to August, 1014, and he watches the catastrophic panorama unfold Itself
scene after' scene—flrst. the war.
with Its unspeakable horrors, then
the brutal armistice and the cruel
blockade, afterwards the peace
treaties crowded with sanctions of
colassaL^ robberies, Involving unheard-of oppression—by the sword,
by Imprisonment, by hunger;
wholesale lytng, every kind of corruption and political chicanery—
till finally Its meaning has burned
Itself Into his soul. Such la the
basis and explanation of the. claas
consciousness ln Germany at the
present Mme.
Workers In No IfUrry
StfWtaln, Indeed, is the German
Socialist of the approaching bankruptcy of capitalism that he Is giving up preaching the dictatorship
of the proletariat as an immediate
objective. Ha Is so convinced that
the situation whloh Mar'x described
la going to be brought by the capitalists themselves, and perhaps before the European situation Is favorable to Socialist control, that he
is tn no hurry to hasten matters.
For he does think Internationally;
and he ts sufficiently wise to know
—as I discovered ln every part of
Germany—that the fate of European Socialism Is going to be decided ln London, nnd not In Moscow, as so many people seem to
think. That is why he Is so concerned about the condition of British Labor, Its mind and its
(Continued sn page 4)
How to make up
a new dress
We are now clearing, at remnant prices,
fragment ends of materials left over by
the Famous factory. These vary in
length from 34 to 2 3-4 yards—in handsome velours, velvets, serges, silver-
tones, tricotines, etc.—and are sufficient
to make up smaller-sized garments. A
limited number are niade available for
sale daily.
I*om Maker to Wearer.
At—  now  It's  up  to  th* politician, to put th. Ins outs.
Ths Italian gov.rnm.nt has or-
dsrsd ths cessation of all
ship on cablegrams.
Patronise Fed Advertiser*
Sanitarium Ltd.
Fifteenth Floor Standard
Bank—Oor. ttt Halting*
and Bicharjg
phones Seymour 608;
Highland 2134-L
We have treated sue.
ccssfully    what    others
have. diagnosed as
aud a host of other so-
called ailments.
In that dark hour whsn sympathy and 1>aat ssrvtos count so
much—oall up
Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Service
nn. Strnwr tlit.  ___
nm nm, w.iis B.immt vs»
mow, B. 0. ■
Guaranteed Coal
If onr eoal ia not satisfactory to yon, after yon
have thoroughly tried lt
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge yon
nothing for what yon hav*
Yon to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Sermour 1441 ud 46S
Nov. 4, 1920.
fills Is to certify that I
have taken treatment at the
Downle Sanitarium for catarrh of the head, nose and
throat; also for Imperfect circulation of the blood through
the body. I wish to say that
I have been wonderfully helped back to health.
Cowichan, B. C
While Treating You
We Teach You How
To Keep Well
Greateit Stock ol
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
aunt Wast
bb nna yon an
aad Non-alcoholic wines of aB
All Ronl Crowo Products
carry Coupons, redeemable
for useful articles,,
This season we are better prepared than ever to take oare
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys ln many colors and designs.
A splendid stock to choose from. f ;■.
Be sure, to see the new Improved McGregor Boot.  This
boot is a winner. All sizes ln stock.
Prom tho best English makors, Including the genuine Mc-
Oregor, the finest bal) made.
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Worfers' Department of the One Big Union
Improved Compensation Act
-   Required by Organized Labor
IF ANY PART of the mechanical equipment on a job gets
damaged or destroyed, the employer has to face the full
cost of its repair or replacement. This expense is charged to
the industry, and finally is borne-by the community. But in
the case of a worker being injured or killed, the employer
slides from under as much of the liability as he can, leaving
the main burden upon the back of the worker or his depen-
Organized Labor already has the power to remedy this state
of affairs to a certain degree. In the future, when sufficiently
educated,- it will be able to take the necessary action to remove
human labor-power from the category of a commodity, and in
eliminating the system of production for profit, and substituting that of production' for use, mil at the same time remove
the necessity for'such palliative measures as, compensation
acts, the purpose of which is to relieve the employer as cheaply!
as possible from thc obligation of looking after those killed or
injured in industry.
The heavier the penalty upon the employer, the greater the
protection to the workmen, and it is obvious that additional
protection must be obtained in view of the fact that in British
Columbia alone, no less than 70 workers in tho lumber industry
have been killed in the first nine months of this year, and over
4000 injured.
British Columbia, which used to pride itself as being in the
van of workmen's compensation legislation, is now lagging behind Ontario. Why is this? It is the fault of the man on the
job. In his hands lie the cure for this state of affairs. When
will he know enough to apply the remedy?
The workers must use their power to enforce the following
immediate amendments to the present act:
Camp Reports
Camp B.
The members have decided that
blankets, sheets and pillows be put
In thin camp by January 1, 1921.
giving the company plenty of time
to build a laundry. These demands
I have been sent to the company,
'but we have had no answer as yet.
Hoping that all members will ask
if there are blankets here after
the flrst of the year1, and act as
they see flt.
8. Ellihgsen's Camp
Smnll camp with all union men.
Blankets and sheets * supplied for
|1 per week. Food and accommodation poor. Pretty much haywire all around.
mittee. Twenty-four mem:
were present. They are stilt U;
In tents up here, but expect to
the camp built soon. The
pany furnish blankets. I thl
the delegates will have a g<
chance after pay day, ". On the %
I went to Yahk and found thli
badly disorganised throughout i\
part of the district, so decided that
the best thing to do waa to make
my headquarters there for a time,
visiting the oamps and mills in the
neighborhood. On my first visit
to the C. P. R. mill my welcome
wai flne and dandy until the meeting was opened, then the members shut up like a bunch„. of
clams at low tide, and X was unable to get a delegate at that time,
Visited Camp I and held a meeting; attendance poor. The boys
seem to be dead and have no interest In the organisation. They
want to leave It to Thompson and
Robinson, as the Idea seems to be
that the secretary Is hired to be
in the office and all the camps at
the same time.
Visited Camp 10; this camp Is
hung on the side of a mountain
Tack's Logging Co. ,____._„ 	
Good roomy bunk houses, eight Iand ,a badIy cr°wded.   Had a talk
men to each. Floors scrubbed
every week regularly, and cnmp In
general kept In a sanitary condition. Bath and dry room with lots
of hot water. As far as the food ls
concerned, It is as good aB will be
found anywhere,
1. The Act to apply to all acci
dents arising out of or ln course of
employment, /and to include all,]
workers In all occupations.
. 2. Rate of compensation to be
raised from 65 per cent, to Cii 2-3
percent, with a minimum of $12.60
per week except where the average
earnings are less than this amount
tn which case the full amount to
be paid. (Note in Ontario with a
s labor government, the rate is
$6 2-8 per cent with a $12.60 mln.
Imum, except In cases where total
wages are below this amount).
3. The maximum earnings basis
to be raised from $2000 to $3000.
4. No waiting period when the
disability exceeds three days.
5. Compensation payable twice
monthly (to accord with the provisions of the semi-monthly pay
Mt). I
t. Full rate of compensation until complete recovery or able to
return to previous occupations or
to secure light work ln accordance
v Uh tho limitations of the partial
disability, or until the previous
' empluyer has reinstated worker ln
a suitable position.
7. Where Injured workman has
been transported from place of accident to a doctor or hospital outside of that vicinity, transportation
■hall, after recovery, be provided
back to original point, or, if necessary, to a place an equal distance
from where treatment was given
and the place of accident. The
necessary time spent In getting
back to the Job to be allowed for in
compensation period.
8. The allowance to dependents
to be not less than that paid under
the Canada Pensions Act. In the
case of children, to be paid until
the age of 16, or should they remain at school as pupils, to be paid
until the age of 18. Those unable
by reason of Infirmity to earn their
own living, to receive compensation as long as the infirmity con-J
9. Provision to be made that
where there is no widow and lt
teems desirable to continue the existing household, an aunt, sister, or
other suitable person who acts as
foster-mother In keeping up the
household and taking care of the
ohlldren may be paid the same allowances for herself and the children as If she were widow of the
deceased workman. (This Is part
of the Ontario Act.).
10. In all cases where there are
not less than three totally dependent the compensation to. be not
less than 66 2-3 per cent of the
deceased workman's earnings.
11. In the case of the death of
a single man, or one with less than
four dependents; the hoard to assess the Industry the same amount
as would be the case were there
four dependents. The assessment
to be made as provided for ln the
Act, on the basis of the average
for the preceding year.
11 Wheh a single man Is killed
and leaves a parent, or parents, the
board to be authorised to allow the
same compensation as ln the case
of a widow.
18. Widows, children, and others,
totally dependent to be entitled to,
full medical treatment needed so
long as they are entitled to benefit
under the Act.
14. Funeral benefit of $100.
(Ontario allows $125).
16. Hernia, rupture and strained
back and all coses of occupational
disease to be compensable.
The board to have authority to
penalize employer or doctor falling
to report in accordance wiith the
requirements of the Act,
17. Full choice of medical attendant, and qualified practitioners
of mechanical treatment (chiropractic, etc.), to be at the disposal
of injured workman.
18. No medical or hospital plan
to be permitted except . upon request of a majority of the workers
concerned and control.of same to
be ln the hands of fhe board, to
whom the employer must render
monthly flnanclal statements of
payments made by the men. No
deduction to be made by the employer from the sums so paid.
19. The board to have authority
to enforce a. direct assessment
against that Individual, employer In
case of accident due to violation of
accident prevention of first aid
clauses, or presumable laxity in
proper care.
20. The admJ nitration of the
Health Act to be In the. hands of
the Workmen's ' Compensation
21. The Act to be broadened to
cover the health of the workmen
and their families.
Camp 9
The camp ls sllttiltted on floats,
the dining-room, kitchen and kitchen staff quarters, are all combined, but large and sanitary. The
same applies to the bunk houses,
of which there are three, all within the laws of the health act. All
single Iron beds with springs and
mattresses. At present blankets,
sheets and pillows are furnished
free. The food is good,*two kinds
of meat and fresh fruit being supplied. Board, $1.60 per day; dry
room and bath house. The latter
needs a Uttle altering to enable
the1 men- to take a bath without
having the hide peeled oft them*
The crew number thirty, Including
the foreman, who is nautral toward the union. Twenty-four men
ln union, fully paid up, and the
others are new arrivals, who will
Join by the end of the month. A
supply of literature is received regularly, and read very closely.
Business meetings held every second Friday, and matters pertaining
to Labor movement ln general are
discussed. DELEGATE 225.
Flnt Aid.
First Aid Instruction Classes will
commence. January 4. The Compensation Board will arrange classes previous to that date lf twenty
or more will attend.
Gilbert & LaFergle's camp, Mile
42, on the P. G. E„ railway fare
$3.90. Hicks Is his man-catcher.
This outfit Is located in one of the
old P. G. E. construction camps;
no saw .logs here. A cedar pole and
pile camp. Grub fair; conditions
rotten. AH C. P. A.'s here. No
bedding furnished. The slaves are
the most contented bunch of work j
oxen I have ever mot with. Every- I
thing ls hay-wire with the exception of the cook house. No delegate, and but a few union men, as
most of the slaves are working by
the million. Their hopes are they
will ■ be lumber barons or money
kings some day, or that* they will
get pte In the sky when they die.
They seem to be satisfied with their
allotment here on earth, as long as J
they have three squares a day, and
the price of a bottle and enough
money to stay with some harlot a
night or two, when they reach the
city of Canada's Golden West, Vancouver. They are crowing for government control. One bunk house
with three men ts located In front
of the toilet and barn door. One
of the slaves in this bunk house
made the assertion that he liked to
stay In this bunk house, because
every time he heard a mule bray,
lt makes him homesick for the loss
of his father. A Jackass by nativity. They have two Junk heaps
here they call donkeys. One they
call a yarder by name, and the
other a reader And loader by nature; thellr stomachs are' all right,
but their running penr Is on the
tramp. They have also things hero
they use, called muzzles Instead of
chokers, but they look more like
Ice cream cones, and the camp
would put you In mind of the ark
that Noah came over ln.
Yours for solidarity'and the O.
B. U., MEMBER 68156.
Camp H.
At a meeting held In camp on
October 24, a motion was carried
unanimously, same to be Inserted
In The B. C. Federationist: "That
the Lumber Workers referendum
ballot relating to the Port Arthur
convention, be ignored."
Williams & Mcrlccr'g Camp.
At a regular meeting held on the
13th Inst., the following resolutions
were unanimously adopted:
1, Resolved, That we ask the
secretary to get us some books
dealing with industrial unionism.
2, Resolved, That a collection
be taken for a District Fund, which
shall apply to the educational
needs of the district.
Collections amounting to $38,
contributed by the following fellow-workers, who contributed $5
each: George Nelson, H. Smith,
H. Grant,. L. Hlnes, S. E. Hohler,
W. Turner, Contributions of $2
each: J. Golder, J, Hill, T. Tos-
seller, D, H. Ross.
We are 100 per cent organized
ln this camp. Work an 8-hour day
and receive the union scale of
wages. The grub ls O, K. and
camp conditions ln general are
better' than the average ln this district. Good bunk house with iron
beds, sheets and pillows. Tho bath
house ls under construction and
the shower baths will be Installed
this month.
The conditions we enjoy In this
camp are due to organization on
the job and solidarity. Come .on
boys, make your own laws In your
own home, which is the camp.
DELEGATE No.  3928,
with the workers. They are most
ly broke at present, having shipped
fr'om the prairie; could only-.find
three union men in camp. The
company Is shipping men from the
prairie provinces, Every day they
dump from 25 to 86 workers in the
camp. It looks as It the inexperienced worker ln the lumber Industry will have a hard time this
winter, as most of tho camps and
mills are closed down at present,
or working short crews.
I visited camps 4, 6 and 9 and
got delegates and camp committees in these campa Made another visit to the mill and after
much talk and begging, got a delegate there. He will look after the
mill and Yahk City. From there
to Camp 14, where I gave credentials to another deleate and got a
camp committee elected, S Had
one more look at Camp 10, but
nothing doing yet. On to Johnson's camp; found a live delegate
and camp committee on the Job.
Good camp conditions in this;
camp; everybody ts on their toes
in this place; held a good meeting,
in which there was lots of discussion of the knd that shows good
study on the part of the workers,
I then visited the Cranbrook Sai h,
and Door mill and found the kh d]
of members there that I like o,
meet You know the fellows th it
like to speak up and ask questlo \_
pertaining to the good of the Of?
ganlzatlon; held a meeting ln Pai .
son's camp, Kitchener, at the r >o_,
quest' of the workers. It was w< 11
attended and the workers decld d.
that a few more meetllngs wou <jj|
be a good thing. Not so the bot a, ■
for he informed me the next morn*,
tng that he was not going to hav*
any O. B. U. preachers ln his camp;:
and gave me the solemn warning
not to come back again; lf I had!
anything to say, to tell lt to him.|
I did—nearly all the workers in
and around the place had buttons
ln their coats before noon. The
best asset of that camp Is a good
bunk house.
-     ED. ROBINSON, Organizer.
I hav, travailed over quite
terse part at Weitern CUM.-.
where the ilavee are moitlyall lined up In the One Big Union of Canada, not knowing themaelvee to ba
organlied industrially. They may
be carrying carda In the O. B. U.
but that It all, aa tha moit literature I have man tham reading wu
a deck of Hoyla'a Games composed
of fifty-two venaa. It I were aaked
by aome olua-conacloua worker my
openlon of thaie man (block.) tha
only aniwer I could give him would
be aomethlng which would not look
good In print. Aa far ai I can Judge
they are not lined up to form a
solid front agalnit the exploiting
clan, but on the other hand Juit to
iee and hear aa muoh aa possible
A number of campa ara being
alarted by the Northern Conitruc-
Uen Co., on tha Norlh Thompson
river. Thay are furniehing blank-
eta, although the wagei are vary
amall. Their wage acale il report-
ad to be, by the month, 176, Hi
and $110 per month, according to
what you do. Wall, today being
the 20th of October, our newly-
appointed organlur hit the trail of
the Blacker1, and I join ln wishing
him all klnda of good luok on hla
trip, and next week'a latter will
have hla flrqt report of new membera picked up and back duea collected and how tbe dlatrlct la In
Are you* aware of the fact that
the 15th of October wai the date
•et for all union men to cut out
contract piece-work and bonus »>■>•
what aome clan-conicioui worker tem? Now, lota of man come to
la doing or saying about hla maa- me and ask: How about the piece.
ter's proflti and Inatltutlona io they work, li It cut out? Weil, aa far
can Inform him (their master) juat aa I am concerned, it is cut out,
what the aald radical waa aaylng. and how about you? Now, fellow
Vou may go Into any slave pen ln worken, did you ever atop to think
camp at any time from 0 p.m. till what that form ot exploiting the
9 o'clock and aee the card-carrying working men does to you? It not
apo with his whole form gaping only speeda you up, but It ruins
Into the sclasor-blU's breakfast, din- >'our health and forms that big
ner and lupper, namely the mas- hump on your back that you aee
ter's newspapen and magazines, on B0 many of the plece-maken ln
while his own papers and pamph- thlB country. Do you ever stop to
lets are eaBt to one side. There thlnk ot th8 proBti that you are
seems to be something lacking, and malllng 'or the master' claaa when
I believe It la bralnB, for aa moat 5""1 talte on that "M piece-work
of them are dreaming of the time or "ntraot? When the lumber
when they will become rich, and lf barons get you speeded up to the
you approach them on the class h'Sbest point of production under
struggle their anewer is that lt ia that form °f «Ploltatlon, thon they
your own fault for not being weal- know what amount of work you
thy. They may wake up some time _n_*°-,hf" 'hey wlll,cut '*« PrlM
in the near future wondering how _* the "ald P|era-»'°rlt' *_•*• " S">u
In h— 1, all happened, feeling «£' »»' *«* 't^TTm
their poor empty atomacha and aay- tnen X._ "'" ™! wel1' „,° ™
ing, "My God, I have been a good ?ay.by the.day- but you wl" .*"_
slave and worked hard, I have to '""J, m" th* "J™ T'l,"
helped to a., the store room. wUh ~» " "^.."h£ £5
food to overflowing, and yet I can-
If not, we will have to cut
your wages. Now, don't blame the
organization for not being able to
*iTn un..      _  .t. .... orramznuun  tor nut  uuiiik ".uie  vu
ItatLSLT^T f6 wh0(lnh*b" better your conditions.   For as long
bv vnh     °.   ,(    ° b™™nir?°tWt « you don't try. and do all that is
by yob, and piece work"); this ape
is the worst animal who Inhabits
as you don't try, and do all
ln  your power to help the good
cause along, for you are the organ'
Discuss  .Any fturreft
the western forest, and Is a scab at totlon yourselves, and don't for-
heart. Also another ape, known to get that «„, organisation watches
the educated world as the North over your aeU0ns. and you know
American Pack ape; you can easily that the capitalists are taking
distinguish him from- a human be- united action againBt organized lalng by the long ears and big hump bor lrt order to defeat their aims.
on his back, not forgetting the far- Why be Ignorant of your own class
kway look In his eyes. If there are position ln society and play right
My fellow workers who have into the hands of the ruling class
thought out any way of externum- of today, to still further exploit
ating these animals I wish he would your body and soul for profits.
publish It, as the writer has long Three men, all experienced
past come to the conclusion that woodsmen, landed at Fussces'
they are the missing link between camp, Chase, on the evening of the
The Burough and man which Dar- ■ 18th of October, and not being able
win tried to trace. I to get the kind of work that was
Tours for more propaganda on promised them by some represen-
Industrlal unionism, i tatlves of the contractor, they left
jj DELEGATE 462,      the  camp  the  next  mosnlng  for
 ___ j Chase.    Mr. Fussces got busy on
H IIEMMINGSEN'S  CHALLENGE the  telephone,  and  got  in  touch j
. Pnii««. n-virr.a.a.   umt. a    a wlth the Provincial police at Chase,'
SSt T*k       £' W at, ?°    y0U  »nd had "mm ™n arrested for not
think of the notice posted In camp
THE first act of an experienced
hold-up   artist   Is to get the
victim with hands above his
head, and then   to   more or i ......
leisurely relieve him of his valuables. When they first start in on
this game they are usually opposed
to taking the life of their victim,
but as they become more used to
the ropes and get • the real spirit
of the undertaking, they realise lt
is "his life or mine," and consequently do not hesitate to shoot.
The logging employers for years
carried on without Interruption the
finest hold-up game, te an extent
that made the employers In other
industries envious. The victims,
however, got wise and organised
in such a manner that they had:
at least aome say as to the con-
ditions under which tbey should
be exploited. This state of affairs
caused the employers great mental anxiety, and they welcomed
what they think ls a period of good
"hard times," when they can
again exploit the workers to the
limit, not hesitating to take their
lives as they have done In the past I
through the medum of rotten unsanitary camp conditions, bun
food of the poorest quality, and the
speed-up contract system.
Hemmingsen's camp Is interesting
as it is practically a challenge to
thu men to surrender1 those eonditlons to which they have alwayi
been entitled, but which wero
entitled, but which were never obtained until they organised, ,
The men accepted the challongo *
and walked out The camp Is now
on the unfair list While the action
of the men in this particular caso
was what would be looked for
from union men, nevertheless, tho
workers must not play Into tho
bosses' hands by doing what ho
wants. There are more than ono
way of striking, and the kind to i
adopt is that which obtains the desired results and penalises tho
worker as little as possible.
If there Is enough solidarity to
walk out as a body, there ahould
be enough to stay ln as a body
and act on the job. Call the bosses
bluff.   Don't let him call yours.
H. W. Mansfield send address to
Coast Headquarters.
Tahkina Log Co.  .Topaz Harbor
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black .Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Nor. Construction Co.. All Camps on North Thompson
Hemmingsen's Camp... Cowichan Lake
A Joint meeting of general worker's and miners by unanimous vote
endorsed the action of the delegates who left the Port Arthur
convention. It was also decided
to ignore the referendum Issued
by the O. B. U. and to refuse to
recognize those now claiming to
constitute the general executive or
McLeod Timber Co.
Gambier Island
Cargill Co. of Canada, Broughton Island, actively
discriminating against union men.
United Grain Growers.
Kaslo District—All piece work; bum timber/
Prince George District.
Rock Bay Construction Camp.
At a meeting held October 28,
It was decided that If the delegate
at Camp H was not supplying literature to the men at dinner camp,
the delegate at Construction Camp
to do so. Motion adopted to stop
gambling In the bath house.
The glrevance committee were
Instructed to Interview the gamblers and try and get them to cut It
out, If not, the management to be
It was decided not to take part
ln the Port Arthur referendum for
the reason that the men considered the fight was not theirs, but one
between a few paid officials, and
which, lf continued long enough,
the full details were bound to come
out some of which they consider-
edr were being withheld.
Headquarters was asked to send
Chinese literature.
A vote of censure was passsed on
the person responsible for holding
up the results of Coast District
It was also decided to ask for
blankets for this camp, regardless
of the others.
Regular Propaganda Mcctling Held
In Vancouver, October 24, at
3 p. m.
Fellow-Worker Grieder elected
chairman. Minutes of previous
read and adopted. Organiser Alexander reported that organization
work among the millworkers was
proceeding very slowly. He .tendered his resignation, stating that
he was resigning on account of the
trouble that developed at the O.
B. U. convention and on account of
the fact that in his opinion the
ballots on the coast referendum
had been too loosely handled. He
therefore moved that the resignation be received and published on
the lumber workers' page In the
B. C. Federatlonist
The motion was seconded and
During the discussion on the motion the point was raised that as
the chairman was one of the dele-
ates to the O. B, U, convention,
and was therefore personally Implicated In the discussion, that a
new chairman be elected. Fellow-Worker John Clark waa elected to the chair.
Organizer Grieder reported that
he had been organising through
the Nelson- district on his way
back from the O. B. U. convention, and gave In fuller detail
the report which had been publish'
ed ln the Federationist. The'report was accepted.
The secretary reported tn detail
the results of the referendum on
the coaat convention proceedings-
It was moved that the Report bo
Amendment—"That the. report
be received and a full copy of the
ballot committee's report be placed
ln the reading room." Amendment carried.
Flnancal   report   given   ln
detail showing   balanco
on hand October* 8 $2201 75
Receipts   2711 tt
by Hemmingsen? It ls plain
day; either drop your' union prlln
cipies, etc., and become a "spine'
less thlnlg" or get out of camp and
stay out. Hum! It looks like a fight
to a finish. It's too bad,.really,
that these bosses .cannot get men
designed and built to suit them. If
neither delegate or meetings is allowed In camp, our organization
becomes extinct In short order. I
wonder If this Is some of the freedom and democracy that the workers flew at one another's throats
for ln France? The bosses, no
doubt, figure that times being dull
ln the woods this fall, now ls the
time to attempt to crush all so-
called radicalism, etc. That's
where Ihey make the mistake of
their lives, for' the harder the boss
hammers, the workers attempt to
free himself, just so much more
will the worm turn. No doubt the
bosses think that If the O. B. U. In
the wuodB Is forced out of com'
mission then he will be able to
bring in a "B. C, L. L. L. L. proposition."
Well, "A rose by any other name
will smell just as sweet, __
thorn by any other name be just
as prickly," When our' military
friend across the line, of "spruce
production swindle" fame, formed
tbe 4 L's to check, as he said
himself, the activities of the I. W.
W.'s, he merely made the wobblies
take out 4 L cards, and not necessarily checking their activities
4919 80
Expenditures   2735 47
Under Instructions I visited
Wattsburg, October1 20, and held a
meeting at camp. Meeting fairly
woll attended. I have no doubt
that there would have been a large
attendance If the tent had been
Fellow-Worker Jamea Brown
was elected camp delegate and W. |
Gllro and T. Connor as camp corn-
Balance on hand Oct 21....I2184 86
Report received and referred to
Fellow-Worker Mldgley, general
secretary of the O. B. U., attended
the meeting as requested by the
meeting of October1 10. He stated
that the question asked him by the
meeting of October 10, re his authority to state In the convention
call that the basts of representation to the O. B. U. convention
would be determined by the
amount of the per capita that the
various units had paid, was not
stated In the convention call. The
convention call had stated: "That
the membership of any section
will be decided by tho number of
members upon whom per capita
tax has been paid."
A lengthy discussion on the proceedings of the O, B. U. convention followed.
The meeting adjourned at 6 p.m.
Any one knowing tho whereabouts of Alex. Wets, last heard of
at Klngsgate, B. C, January, 1910,
Please communicate with his
brother, Joe Wels, Box 82, Prince,
Oeorge, B. C. j
The question that I would like
to see taken up in the Fed is,
"What ts the best method of dealing with members of this organisation that put a camp on the unfair
list until the company comes
through with certain demands, and
then go back on the job while it
ls still on the unfair list?" At
meeting In town a representative
of the company stated that they
could not meet the men'a demands,
pleading poverty as the excuse, and
mot enough timber on the claim;
Hhey say that It was a skin game
jffrom the start. But that Is none of
our business. We, as workers,
should never let sentiment Interferu with a business .proposition.
The boss always appeals to our
heart and not to our heads, and believe me, he never lets any sentiment Interfere with his business.
In my opinion It's a business proposition with us to live under the
beat conditions that Is possible to
be> had under the wage*system. But
a 2few of the members of thiB organization having the bosses* wol-
f&fe at heart ,and at the same time
securing a meal ticket for themselves, went back on the job, with
the camp still unfair1 as far as this
organisation Is concerned. Do
they realise that they are striking
at the fundamental point of the
working class movement? And
what Is more, giving the boss
chance to get the thin edge of the
wedge in so he can Impose on the
workers any conditions he likes. If
we, as workers, are ever going to
accomplish anything that's of any
benefit to us, wo must have soil
darlty, and get away from this
heart trouble, and get some working class knowledge in our heads.
Tours for emancipation from the
wage system. W. R.
paying for their supper and breakfast, which they had to pay to the
provincial police, Now, fellow
workers, why not keep that camp
ln mind, ahd don't go near that
place, as lt is nearly all contract
and piece-work. Evidently these
piece-workers want all the work
themselves, and want the rest of
the men In the country to travel
from camp to camp looking for a
day's work for a day's pay. Just
think of It, what the piece-work
system is doing for you. Now, all
of you workers who have union
principles, try and cut out the piece
work and contract system, and try
to get better conditions for yourselves. Come, fellow workers, and
let us have a little solidarity In this
organization, for If you don't try to
help yourselves, it Is mire that the
lumber barons won't do anything
for the bettering of your living
Will all men interested In the
welfare of this organization please
Bend ln all the news you can for
the bulletin. Don't make your letters too long.
District Secretary-treasurer.
E. Hell, HI 120; P. A. Vlgner,
VI20; F. O. Powell, James McLaughlin, H. Challender, K. C. 180;
John D. Marr, John Williams, Alf
Malund, M2U, and E. Johnsson,
please communicate with Coast
district headquarters Immediately.
J. Strahlinsky and Roy Carnegie
to communicate with the Coast
Herbert H. Pollard, claim No.
5*762, previously with Whalen's,
Port Alice.
George Pasks, claim No; 61447,
previously with International Lumber Co., Campbell River.
Hazen Edgar Schriever, claim
No. 56787, previously at camp 6,
C. P. R. Tie and Timber, Cranbrook.
Ole Storkarn, claim No. 67312,
previously at Camp 3, Yahk.
John Randell, claim No. 5000*,
previously with O'Nell, Irvine &
Mann, Salmo.
A, Brewer, previously wtth McKee v& Campbell.
Approved Medical Schemes
The following are the only firms
who have medical schemes approved by the Workmen's Compensation Board, and who are therefore
entitled to charge more than lc
per day:
Eastern B. C. Railway Co.
Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing Co.
Whalen Pulp & Paper Mills.
Corbln Coal and Coke Co.
North Shore Spruce Co.
Fraser Mills Sash, Door & Shingle Co.
Canadian Western Lumber Co.
Canada Copper' Corporation Ltd.
B. C. Telephone Co. Ltd.
Canadian National Railways.       j
Canadian Pacllflo Railway, Including telegraphs.
Olant Powder Co.
Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting ft Power Co. Ltd.
Pacific Mills Ltd.
Kettle Valley Railway.
Belmont Surf Inlet Mines.
West Kootenay Power A Light
Consolidated Mining & Smelting
Priori & Vanncchl.
Canadian Collieries Ltd.
Esquimau ft Nanaimo Railway.
British Yukon Navigation Co.
B. C. Yukon Railway Co.
Northern Construction Co.
J. W. Stewart & Co.
Woayl Syrotluk, supposed to be
ln Vancouver, is Inquired after by
Foitik JTIIman, of Cosmopolls,
Wash., U. S. Ju
From "The Mj'Hterlous Stranger"
(By Mark Twain)
'Look at you In war—what
mutton you are, and how ridiculous
—tho loud hawirul—as upual—will
shoul for the war* Thc pulpit will
-warily and t'autlousiy—object—
at flrst; the great, big, dull bulk of
the nation will rub Its ileepy eyea
and try to make out why there
should be war, and will say, ear-
rcstly and indignantly; "1; is unjust and dishonorable, and ihere is
no necessity for It." Then th£
.handful will shout louder. A few
fair men on the other sldv' will argue and reason against the wnr
with speech and pen, and at first
Will have a hearing and bo ap-
lauded;-but lt will not last long;
thoee others will outshout them,
and presently the anti-war audiences will thin out and lose popularity. Before long you wtll see this
curious-thing; The speakers stoned
from the platform, and ttee speech
■trangled by hordes of furious men
I. U. OF THE O. B. U.
That After May 1, 1921, no mem.
ber of the L, C. and A. W. department in the Prince Rupert District
shall work on the piece-work, contract or bonus system, and failure
to observe this rule Involve expulsion from the union."
"That we endeavor to establish
a minimum wage in the Prince Rupert District of 86.50 for loggers."
"That a complete Index of the L.
C. and A. W. department be kept
at general headquarters and thc
district membership Index be abolished."
"That Clause 89 of the O. B. U.
constitution be Inserted In the constitution of the L. C. and A. W department of the prince Rupert
'That the Prince Rupert district
establish an employment agency,
and that lt be managed by a bona
flde logger."
"That alterations ln clauses 30,
34, 36, 86, 37 of the O. B. U. constitution to provllde for the conditions prevailing In the camp and
railroad Industries."
"That the payment of the  per
who ln their secret hearts are still
at one with those stoned speakers
—as earlier—but do not daro to say
so. And now the whole nation—
pulpit and all—will take up the
war-cry, and shout itself hoarse,
nnd mob any honest man who.ventures to open his mouth'; and presently such mouths will cease to
open. Next the statesmen will Invent cheap lies, putting, the blame
upon the nation that Is attacked,
and every man will bc glad for
those conscience-soothing falsities,
and will diligently study them, and
refuse to examine any refutations
of them; and thus he will, hy and
by, convince himself thnt the war
Is Just, and will thank Ood for thc
better sleep he enjoys after this
grotesque Belf-deceptoin."
capita tax of $10 per month to tho
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council be discontinued, and that a sum
of $80 per month be paid to that
council as a contribution to tho
upkeep of the O. B. U. headquarters in Prince Rupert."
"That an Itemized monthly
financial report be Issued by the
district secretary, such report to
be sent to each delegate, and a
weekly bulletin Issued for the purpose of keeping the membership
Informed on matters of Interest In
the district'*
"That Where a number of camps
are in reasonable proximity to
each other a monthly meeting,
composed of two members from
each camp, shall be held at a central point to be mutually'arranged."
"Are you ln favor of the maintenance of the district office tn
Prince Rupert and the election of
an executive board for the district" -
"That all camp delegates operating in the Prince Rupert district
for the L. C. and A. department
shall carry credentials from, and
make reports to, the secretary of
the Prince Rupert district."
"That the wages of the district
secretary be $40 per week,"
"That the    position of    dlstrct
secretary shall not be held by the
same lndlvdual    more    than two
consecutive years."
Vote for One.
J. H. Burroughs, prince Rupert
Wm. Morris,   Camp t, Buckley
Six to Be Elected.
Z. P. Gagne, Usk, O. T. P.
Wm. Morris, Camp t, Buckley
Mike Morrison, Camp S, Cum-
Hugh A. McDonald, Sedgwick
James Mclntyre, late Camp 8,
Buckley Bay.
M. D. Rodgers, Headquarters
Buckley Bay.
Owen White, Headquarters
Cnmp, Buckley Bay.
Berlin—Brutality and a recru-
desence of the old Prussian military arrogance are reported Jn a
story printed In the Rote Faline,
the Communist party organ, telling
of abuses heaped upon Russian
Red soldiers In the internment
camp at fioltau by the German
regular army guards charged with
watching over them.. The Interned
men belong to Russian Soviet units
driven over the border by Polish
General Hospital.
Ward  No.
Mat  N'apadl	
M.   Danish    „ ;....A
E.  Hanson   A
J.  Robertson A
N. .Wl|ey  , A
Hetge Holmstrom  _D
Joseph Kushnir  : ..D
George Addison  , E
Oscar Anderson ,.E
Charles Hughes tE
J.  Barker   ;.E
Arturo Garte  '. &
J. W. O. Steevcs  .H
W.  Stossel .'. H
Tomajlro Shlniura  I
H. O. Ilman I
J.   Larson    .'..I
Mike Marino  I
H.  Lane   Q
Alex.   Manchllnc    S
Charles Peterson  S
S.  Anderson   : S
Joe Nelson  S .
E.   Olsen   .8
Nels Setterland .8  j
Nestor Scenho   -T
J.  Halliday  .T
Mykola Mockoruck  X
Dan H. McLean  8
M.  Kalin  8
J.   Davis    :.. 8
R. F. W. Peatman        8
Knut Lunselt    5
St Paul's Hospital    Room
G.   H.   Labelle - 40.8
E.Redman   —««..- 40t
J. A. McLean   ......4«f PAGE POUR
twelfth tear. no. 46   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAT. November 12, 1»J0
tublisbad every Friday morning by The B. a
Federatlonist, Limited
A. a  WELLS™
Offlee:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 341 Fender
Street West
Telephone Beymour 5871
Bubscrlbtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per year, (1.50
(or alz months; to Unions subscribing In a
body, 16o per member per month.
Unity of Ubor: The Hope of the World
..November 12, 1910
•-pHE captitalistie press never misBes an
1 opportunity to distort and misrepresent things as tbey are in Soviet Bussia.
Late last week we were informed by press
headlines to a story, of tlie novelist, H. 0.
Wells, on his visit
MB. H. O. WELLS to Bussia, that "the
AHD   . social  system had
EUSSIA, gone   to   pieces."
The strange part of
it is, however, found in the fact that Mr.
Wells states that it is the capitalistic system that haa gone to pieces, while the
headlines   inferred   something   entirely
different.   The reading of the story in
question will give a large amount of enlightenment, as we will endeavor to prove
in the space at our disposal.  To do this
we iwill give the words of Mr. Wells himself, who, speaking-of the deplorable conditions that no one will deny prevail,
gives thereasons when he says:
''Our dominant impression of things
Bussian is an impression of a vast irreparable  breakdown.    The  great
monarchy that was here in 1914, and
the administrative, social, financial
and commercial systems congregated
with it, have under the strains of
six years of incessant   war   fallen
down and smashed utterly.  Never in
•  all history has there been so great a
debacle before.  The fact of the revolution is to our   minds   altogether
dwarfed by the fact of this downfall.
By its own inherent rottenness and
by the thrusts and   strains   of   aggressive imperialism the Bussian part
of the old civilized world that existed
before 1914 fell and is now gone. The
peasant, who was the base of the old
pyramid, remains upon the land living very much as he has always lived.
Everything else is broken down, or is
breaking down."
Mr. Wells later says:
"The dominant fact for the western reader, a threatening and disconcerting fact, is that a social and economic system very like our own and
ultimately connected with ours has .
'And still later in his article he points out
that under similar conditions London
would have to do ag is being done in Soviet Bussia. He states:
"The Soviet Oovernment rations
on principle, but any government in
Bussia now wonld have to ration. If
the war in the West had lasted up to
the present tyne London would be rationing, too, food, clothing and housing."
• • •
The blame for the conditions in Bussia
today are not Bolshevism, as the press
would have us believe, but due to the system which made the war possible, and it
is remarkable that while editorials in the
local press have been written with the
evident attempt to discredit the Soviet
Government, the story which Mr. Wells
has given out contains the following indictment of capitalism:
"And this spectacle of misery and
ebbing energy is, you will say.ihe result of Bolshevist rule. 1 do not believe it is. This desolate Bussia is not
a system that hai been attacked and
- destroyed by something vigorous and
malignant. It is an unsound system
that has worked itself out and fallen
"It was not communism which
built up those great impossible cities,
but capitalism. It was not communism that plunged this huge, creaking
bankrupt empire into six years - of
European imperialism. Nor is it communism that has pestered this suffering and perhaps dying Bussia with a
scries of subsidized raids, invasions
and insurrections, and inflicted upon
it the atrocious blockade. The vindictive French creditor and the journal'
istic British oaf are more responsible
for these deathbed miseries than any
« • «
No Socialist will- deny that conditions
are bad in Soviet Bussia. No one can,
however, deny that it is due to the active
enmity of the capitalistic nations of the
world that the conditions are not much
better. After reading the press reports
of Soviet Russia's condition, one
would think that it was only there
tnat starvation was found, and yet
all of Europe is on the verge of starvation, and the condition will become
worse the longer the present ruling class
holds sway. Capitalism alone is to blame
for the conditions that prevail in Bussia,
end throughout the rest of the world that
comes under its sway. The people are,
however, only now realizing this fact. Mr.
H. Q. Wells' size-up of the conditions in
Bussia and their cause is not a denunciation of the Soviet regime but of capitalism. His view is prophetic, and gained
from looking back into the past, and then
turning his eyes to the future and seeing
thc.inevitable collapse of the present system, he points out the danger to his own
country and the present civilization, with,
we take it, the intention of endeavoring
to awaken the people to the nature of
the coming change, bo that suffering and
misery may, as much as possible, be
THE unemployed situation, in this city
in particular, and the province in general, is becoming serious. Hundreds, nay,
thousands, are idle. Industries are closing down, and the coming winter will bo
a time of stress and
THE suffering for the work-
COMING ing class, for, in spite of
HVII. DATS all the talk of high
wages, the workers have
been living on less real wages for a considerable time, and as a consequence they
have not been able to save anything for
the time when the employing class have
no further use for them. Lumbering is
being curtailed, and mining and smelting operations are also being largely shut
down, and the prospects for the coming
winter do not appear very promising.
Those workers that have been living
on the hope that the new era was to be
established immediately after the conclusion of the war, are now having their
eyes opened. They may, like the workers
to thc south of us, vote for a change in
government, or they may vote for the
continuance of the Oliver administration,
but_ neither will relieve their miseries.
While it would be nice if we could predict a full dinner pail, it is impossible
for us to offer any such rosy pictures.
The future is fraught with nothing but
increasing misery and degradation for
the working class, and the only hope for
the workers of this oountry centres
around the older lands which arc fast
moving towards the goal of the world's
workors, which is the downfall of the
present system. One local paper at least,
suggests that when that system falls, the
industrial proletariat in the cities will
fall with it. Tliis may be so, but the
workers will as a result of the fall of the
system, rise with thp new order. The
greater the knowledge of the workers in
this country, the easier thc coming-days
will be, and all we can suggest to our
readers, who are members of the working class, at-this time of unemployment,
is that they study the underlying causes
of their misery, and by doing so aid the
working class movement in this country,
which in the days to come, must grapple
with problems that will test their discipline and their ability to caae the situation during the transition period. The
days of prosperity have gone, never to
return, and while regretting that any
worker must suffer, we realize that it is
inevitable, and that only the workers
themselves can alter the system which is
the cause of their troubles. Knowledge,
and that alone in these days iB power.
The promises of politicians will never fill
empty stomachs.
NO ELECTION'that has ever been
held in this Province has brought
out snch a galaxy of candidates. _ Possibly there has never been -more interest
aroused in a political campaign in the
country, and while we
QUESTIONS are naturally interested,
FOB ONE it is from a working
OANDIDATB     class   viewpoint   only.
This being so, we do
not intend to deal with the old politieal
parties, except to say that the struggle'
between them, is the struggle of the ins
to stay in, and the out to get in. That,
however, is not our business. While
there are a large number of old-time politicians in the field, there are also many
working class candidates. It is not our
intention, except in one or two cases, to,
deal with the merits or the demerits of
the respective working class candidates.
The workers must themselves decide who
are tho most fitted to represent them,
nnd that decision should be made, not on
the popularity of the candidate, but on
the amount of knowledge that he has on
working class subjects, and the vote of
the working class will decide just how
far the workers are advanced in the understanding of tho working class position.
.  * * *
There is, however, one candidate in the
field that we are going to unhesitatingly
support. Not because of his personality,
or his knowledge, but in order that we
can oppose another candidate who poses
as a working cIsbs representative. That
candidate is Sam Guthrie in "Newcastle,
who is opposing a fusion candidate and
J. H. Hawthornthwaite. No man is more
dangerous in these days than a man who
understands the position of the working
class, and who does not play the game.
Jim Hawthornthwaite, in our opinion,
has not played the game for some time; in
spite of his knowledge, and for that reason we urge all workers in Newcastle
riding to vote for Sam Guthrie, the Socialist candidate, who in his nomination
address, proclaimed himself as upholding
the Socialist position, although he is not
a member of the Socialist Party. J. H.
Hawthornthwaite has many questions to
answer before the working class can have
any faith in him. They are" vital questions. His denunciation of the Soviet regime in Eussia in January, 1919, in the
City of Victoria,' will take considerable
ability on his part to explain to the satisfaction of those that have any;,understanding, of the situation. At that time
he stated that the Bolsheviki were Communistic Anarchists, and roundly condemned their activities. Later, to be correct, on the 15th of February, 1920, in
Ladysmith, J. H. H. again condemned the
Soviet regime, and gave his audience a
false impression as to the Winnipeg
strike, and while not man enough to
state it right out, he inferred that the
strike was an attempt at a revolution.
These things need explanation. This action was most contemptible when it is remembered that at that time the appeal
in the cases of the ctfnvicted workers was
being prepared.
* »    >    «
There are, however, other things that
need explanation. His activities in the
House at Victoria are not abovo suspicion. It is necessary that he answer the
following questions: What connection,
cither financially or otherwise, has he
with the Canadian Collieries^the Granby
Company 1  And what action did he take
to prevent the making of Cassidy into a
company town, controlled by the Granby
Company! There are other questions
that can be asked, but these will suffice
in the'meantime. We can have some respect for a Conservative or a Liberal, but
we haVe no respect for any man who
poses as a member of the working class,
and does not play the game. We'are not
satisfied that J. H. II. has played the
game, and for that reaBon we are supporting Sam Guthrie, who was selected
by the workers as their candidate, and
this without our doubts, or rather opinions on the question of Hawthomthwaite's aetivities, is sufficient to demand
that we support the choice of the workers. If Guthrie is defeated, then the ac
tion of an unofficial candidate posing as
a working class representative, will have
been the cause of his defeat', and that
will be another question that J. H. Hawthornthwaite must answed to the work-
ing class.
makes much of a statement supposed
to have been made by A. Bartholomew, ih
Winnipeg, last Sunday, the World quoting him as having said: "There can be no
uplift of tho morals of
THE world unless the capt
UPLIFT talistic class is abolish-
OF MORALS ed." We can not say
whether the speaker
wbb correctly reported or not, but think
that he would have made the statement
in question a little differently by using
thc term "capitalistic system," instead
of capitalistic class, but as the abolition
of the system will abolish the class, not
necessarily abolish it in thc manner generally used by thc present ruling claps,
which on most occasions, uses machine
guns and' other implements of war
against its enemies, but by making the
members of that class useful to human
society by putting them to work. We
are well aware that the very threat of
putting the members of that class to
work would havo more terrors for them
than the threat of death, because if
there is anything on earth that scares
them, it is the thought of earning their
own living. The command of Jehovah
that "man shall eat in the sweat of his
brow," has no charms for the elass that
has, lived on the sweat and blood and
tears of a slave class for centuries. '
* * » .
Now if greater production is the necessity of the day, then the abolition of tbe
present parasitic ruling class that neither
toils nor spins, by compelling them jto
earn their own living and increase production, should be the question of the
moment. We strongly favor increased
production by this method. In fact, coining down to morals, has not the present
ruling class preached the gospel, of work
for so long that some slaves have become
so filled with it that they believe that a
job is the all and. end of all things. In
fact, the question of the day amongst
workers in these days of unemployment,
is expressed in the invariable greeting of
one slave to another, "Are you working!" Or, "What are you doing; anything in sight!" Having preached thc
gospel of work, surely the ruling class
will not resent having it' applied to its
members. But for the class that
lives on the misery of another class to
comment on the uplifting of morals is
amusing. The only morality that the
present dominant class knows is the morals of the jungle. "Eat or be eaten."
And as the working class is supplying
the eats, naturally the members of that
class cannot see anything moral about it,
and as our comrade has said, there cannot be any uplift of morals until the present system that is-the basis of all human
institutions and concepts of morality, is
swept away, morals will be as they are
now, or worse. There cftnnot be any uplift. The basis of society, which is human slavery, must be wiped out before
any different .concept oan become possible.
Judging from the map with the triangle of starvation which the Red Cross
officials have had published in connection
with their drive for funds to feed stricken districts in Europe, Soviet Russia is
not to be assisted. Evidently the crime
of being red is sufficient to warrant the
Russian people starving to death. Evidently the Red Cross people are aiding
the blockade,
| (Continued from page I)
Mr. N. G. Neill, manager of the B. C,
Employers Association, was scheduled to
speak at a dinner and general meeting in
the Hotel Vancouver last night on "Bed
Publications" sold in Canada. We trust
that he gave due consideration to this
paper, and we hope to have somethingtp
say on his speech next week. Mr. Neill
is nothing if he is not anti-Labor. Wo
hopo to have the "balance" of the argifc
ment when he gets through. i  m
—__ '.!«
While the press has attempted to nfa^«
it appear that Mr. H. G. Wells' article
on Soviet Eussia was condemna|ory;' in
editorials, the following extract froiiPa
press item gives the lie to the editorial
writers in question: .   .,
"What practically amounts to open v
warfare  between  moderate  Labor1
-men and extremists was in progreft ;'
in marly centres during the week-
.end.   The resignation of Brace and
Hartshorn from the Miners' Federation, together with the mild approval of Communistic methods in Bussia by H. G. Wells, has brought matters to a head.   Several prominent
Laborists who a short time ago were
regarded" as extreme left wingers,
have -now banded themsejves with
the moderate element."
Somehow, in last week's issue, Ian
Mackenzie was designated as a Conservative candidate. This was an error. This
gentleman should be properly relegated
to the Liberal Party. It is a pity the citizens committee died. He might have represented that organization.
strength. The Oerman Socialists
kn dw that they are helpless so long
aa!'" British capitalists dominlate
British politics. They believe, that
British Labor would be willing and
strong enough to prevent British
soldier's being sent to assist the
Gorman reaction; but they are not
ao|sure that lt would be strong
•n|ugh or sufficiently alive to the
importance of the situation to prevent the operation of a blockade.
And they know only too well the
effectiveness of that weapon. Rus
8la,tof course, holds out hopes; but
the outlook ln that direction ls
far too uncertain to warrant action
oi* even preparation for notion.
Thus they believe that their immediate duty ls to educate, to prepare the minds of the people for
the new age which lies, as they believe, not far ahead.
The existing crisis between capital and Labor Is Qermany is directly due to the peace treaty, but only
because the treaty was the expression of the same spiritually destructive forces which had brought
the war and which eventually dominated Its progress. For the prosent condition of the world Ifl not
due to an accident; It is a faithful
expression and an Inevitable consequence of a mind that has been
tn the process of formation during
many decades and that we have
steadfastly refused to examine, not
to say condemn. Nothing that the
Allies aro now likely to do will
check the .flow of events their conduct hns started. Everything that
happens ts hut an added proof that
their present political leaders are
incapable of acting in any other
way than they have done since
August, 1914. Mr. Lloyd George
may add his Spa disarmament victory1 to the long list that already
stands to his account; by and by he
will lind It to be as shadowy as Its
forerunners. Soon, indeed, In Germany as elsewhere, the Allies will
be taking, steps to destroy the child
they have fed and fostered; and
in doing so they will but Increase
the breed. Surely, ln view of their
sinister aims and their ' recklesB
career, one cannot regret the uncontemplated products of their
deeds, nor' fall to see In thoso products the only hope of saivatlon
from the hell of ruin towards
which the western world is speeding. And may lt not, after all, be
that the delay now enforced upon
t ie Left will provide an opportun-
1 y for the universal element in the
I Dclallst movement, its real contri-
1 utlon to social thought, to make
1 self felt throughout German so
ciety, and for the people to give
spontaneous expression to a mighty
spiritual lmpulso that ahall Indeed
be a veritable revolution, as bloodless, and as effective tn lta wider
sphere as was Its more limited predecessor of November, 1918.
rantizBS,   publishers,   sts-
         ... prl
Fhoni aU_rtaa*\t 8489
Th* Delightful Comedy
The   Trail „of  the
Lonesome Pine
.   Featuring
Next Week
A MuBial Comedy in Miniature
 Other Big Features	
0. J. Mengel
Writes nil classes of Insurance.
Representing only first-class
Board companies. If Insurance
is wanted, write or phone Sey,
Office   address,   S08-9   Winch
Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Labor and SociaUst
can be obtained at
Corner Hustings and Columbia
Mail Ordera   Promptly
Attended to
8. P. OF 0., 401 FENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
History class every Thursday ovening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners will commence the first Sunday in December (the 5th), at 3 p.m.
These classes are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
Vancouver's Cafe De Luxe
A Cafe that will set quite a new standard opens its
doors Saturday, November 13.
A Kitchen ventilation system that will effectually prevent kitchen odors from escaping to the dining room; tho
latest sanitary features that science has been able to devise; gay and beautiful surroundings and perfect service
ahd cuisine, are only a few of the features in which tho
Broadway will excel.
No words of ours can do justice to it.
The Cafe will be open to inspection Friday. Federationist readers will be made welcome.
The Broadway Cafe
Neit Door M>
Hotel Irving
Special Prices
for the Week
Men'i Mackinaw Coats....|lS.50    Men's Ribbed Underwear,  $1
______^_^^_^_       suit now ......( 14.00
Men'. Mackinaw Shlrt.....W.B0 Men.B „„„„,,, M loweit ^^
■ . Khaki Shirts, $3.85 now..$3.00
Men's Wool Shirta, f «.O0 qua!-     '-—
Ity ter ...JB.00 Men's   Hoots,   reduced   about
  12.00 a pair.
Men's ti.00 Tweed Shirta..M.SO    „,„., Fln, Shlrt,    • „„
Men'a Ribbed Underwear, $4.00    Men's Gloves  (Broncho)....SBo
•ult now.....: .„....»S.00       AU GIovob reduced ln price.
18 and 80 Oordova Street Weet
444 Main Street
For Yeara and Yean We
Have Written Advertisements on
—Over BOO ada on Diamonds alone.
' —And    the   two    worda
"Quality" and "Value" an
always  implied  It not
actually written.
We have endeavored to make .each <'ta]k"-W>hetlnr onl or
written—"ring true"—words you can take literally.
With ns, "Diamonds" 1a a big subject. We ante tb* Diamond trade in a big wur.
Our Diamond buyers an experts—onr Diamond Jewellery
designers aro artiste—our Diamond setters genuine expert!.
Looking at tbo nib]ect tram all angles, including our consistent prices, we merit tbe title — "THE HOUSE OF DIAMONDS."
The Ilouse of Diamonds
480-48* GranvUle Stnet
At Oorner Fender
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon CampbeD
DmiUl Art Parlors
805 Granville Street
Open evening! between B tnd •
Oor. Bobson, Ovor Owl Dmf Ston
 Phone Seymonr 6238
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
3S4 Abbott St.    Vanoouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Matinee 2:8
Evenings 8:2
King op Phone Seymour MM
lor appointment •
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 801 Dominion Building
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Eto., at cost. Our stock
ls Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought,*ad
Love & Co.
Pbone Seymour 3745
Prague—At a meeting Just held
here between representatives of
the Csech Social Demooratlo
League ot Railroad Men It wu decided to organise a general federation of the railroad men of Czech-
Slavakla. Thja body la to unlit*
all the railroad workers of ths republic, defend their Interests and
look after relations with railroad
men's unions In other countries.
The new federation will embrace
more than 100,000 railroaders.
Neutrality in the fight between th*
Left and Right Wings ln thc Social-
1st parties was decided upon.
Ottlee Bonn:  10 to la »jn.J to S
P.m.   Ernnlngs: 7 te S pm.TIon.
dsy, Wadneed.y aai Friday.
noae Sey. 117*.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud Drugless Pbysldaa
(SueMBtor to Dr. Jobo Oray)
10*31-32 P. Boras Bldf.   II' w--fiwg-
St., W., Vsneourer, B. 0,
(Between Pontages The.tre aad B, I.
18. H. Sumo.
Phone Sey. Ml    * Day or Night
SSI Homer St. Vancouver, B. c.
IMS Oeorgia SUM
Bud.7 ssrrlue, 11 am. aal 7.10 Mk
Sunder ichool ImmedleMly lollowiaa
morning eonlce. Wedatslay tutlmoaW
mooting, o am. Vn* roedlaa team.
001*001  Blrki  Bldi       ^^
.  Funeral Directorl
and Embahners
Funerals ot Dignity at t_t
Falrvlew: Office' and Chapel,
2391 Oranvlll* Str**L
Phone Bay 8200.
North Vanoouver: Offlc* aud
Chapel, 1>I Sixth St. W.
Phon* N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2121 Main St.
Phon* Fairmont 01.
IS Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. OABS
Pfttroali. Thua Who VatreaiM Toll
IT U on enormous task todny for
msnnfscturers of telephono equip*
raent to mntnuln mi adequate oat*
put. They sn .war behind la thoir
orders, owing to shortage of workers,
raw msterloii, Inefficient transport**
tloa end other onuses, la th. mesa*
time, Central ls eupplying ssrvloo with
tho mesne at hsr disiipsftl. She Is
working harder then' over, rsnllslaf
thftt ths telephone Is a groat lector
tn oocUl .nd business lit.. To bor
belong! the credit of assuming gre.ter
burdens boeaus. of shortRg. of equip*
ment. When yoa telephone, thlak ef
her, and what ehe Is doing.
Britiih Columbia Telephone Co.
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
Swedish Mms>(0, Ridlsnt Best ud
Electrical Treatments of ftll kinds.
Phon. B>y S770L.   Hours « to I ,M
990 BROADWAY WBST (Oor. Oak)
Take Bon Ua. Oir
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Home Study) offer, you the
chance you need for complete
training In Traffic Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Special coune*
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex. Any age. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. Dlatrlct offlco!
Phone Sey. 1750 ...nuremner 12, 1920
twelfth year.  no. ts     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA! FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, a a
'i . .... . i
NQ AMOUNT of talking on our part will convince
you (as to tbe merits of Paris Shoes) half so quickly as actual results proved by the wearer. Ask any of
your friends how they found my shoes, and I will stand
.by the result.  Bemember they are til solid leather.
Hare you a pair of shoes that, you would like repaired in • hurry? My large staff enables me to
do your work while you wait, if you desir*.
Last week I advertised that I was in a position te
give yoiiieal oomfort in thit tort of work. Slut*
then my bnsiness hat netrly doubled for surgical
boots and fitting*.  Com* in and iee.
Paris' light cruiser, logger and stitchdown logger
are without doubt in a class by themselves. One
reason for this: The best of everything used in their
*   ri\M\liJ WEST
Winnipeg, Man.—Wag# negotla-
lons carried on betweon the Cane-
Han Brotherhood ot Railway em-
iloyees and th* Canadian National
tallways sine* last Jun* hav* r*-
ulted In 7000 employes of th* C.
I. R. from Port Arthur to the Pa
cific coaat, receiving increases
amounting to approximately 1200,-
000 a month.
Pass the Federationist along and
help got new subscriber*.
PatrontH Pad Advertisers.
I Am Taking
My Medicine!
President of Robinson's Olothes, Limited
There is so much discussion right now about the
price of clothing that I feel I must express my
opinion to the public.
Some retail clothiers say prices have not come
down; some say they mil come down at some
particular date; and some few even say that
there cannot be a permanent price drop.
I am not a soothsayer, nor am I able to see into
the future, but my opinion is that clothing prices
are down, and they are down in spite of aft that
the woollen mills and manufacturers have been
able to do by various kinds of propaganda to
try to keep them up.
It is, however, quite true that the new price of
wool has not affected the cloth value of this
season's vintage, nor will it be affected before
next spring's goods are marketed. It is further
true that the cost of labor, which is the greater
part of the cost in a suit or overcoat, has not
come down, but with sueh an insistent demand
from the*public I feel that the price of labor too
must be adjusted by spring.
All these many prophets have been advancing
their theories and leaving out of their reckoning the ONE all powerful factor, the PUBLIC!
The public are demanding lower prices. That is
enough! They will have them!
As early as May 1 last, I started with every resource at my disposal to biteak the prices and
told the people of Canada that I would use every
nerve in my business organization from Coast to
Coast to bring prices down—and I 'have done
so, and I want to say to you now that while
clothing, at its original source, has not dropped
in price, it will. I myself as well as every other
•clothier in Canada have goods bought at the
' higher level, but no merchant can expect the
public to pay for his errors of judgment, and I
for one am now running a big sale and taking a
big. loss under actual cost in order to turn this
merchandise into ready cash.
' My goods have been marked in this Sale at an
average of about one-third less than the original
selling price, and I honestly believe that this discount is greater than the same class of goods
will be procurable for next spring, but my business policy calls for BIG VALUE and I am taking this radical measure to force it. I want the
cash—you need the clothes, you reap the
I Am Taking My Medicine NOW!
State Insurance Scheme
» Cuts Out the Swag of
(By W. Francis Ahern, Australian
Stall Correspondent for Th*
Federated Preaa)
Sydney, N.S.W.—Th* State In.
surance Department, .Instituted by
the Queensland (Australia) Labor
Oovernment two years ago la bo-
coming Increasingly popular and Its
bualneaa ln workers' compensation,
accident, flre, lit* and marlno
classes of Insurance * is expanding
Whil* not Intended te b* revenue
producing, this onto* ha* sine* its
Inception shown a proflt averaging
over $800,000 per annum, and has
at the earn* tlm* sav*d sev*ral million dollar* to th* Insuring public
BonoSts to worktn hav* boon la-
craawd over Tl p*r cent above
thos* ottered by private companies,
whilst th* premium charge* an
lower than those of private Insur*
anc* companies.
Sine* th* Oovernment Offlco bt-
gan flr* Insurance It ha* reduced
th* premium rates from tl te 11
ter cent., and hu forced private
Insuranco offices to come dowa to
the same level or quit buainess.
80 successful has been th* state
Insuranca schemo of thla govern
ment in Australia that the New
Sonth Wales Labor Oovernment Is
considering th* advisability of following th* example aat by th*
Queensland government.
Ten Thousand lenience* May Be
Nullified If Fedoral Court   ,
Sustains Point
(By the Federated Praaa).
Washington—Ten thousand sentences by court martial during the
war wtll be nullified, and ten thousand soldiers will be enabled to
sue the government for two years'
pay at |8S a month, it the federal
court here sustain* the point mad*
by Seth Bhepard, counsel tor Benjamin Salmon, conscientious objector, In a motion for rehearing ot
Salmon's case. War department
lawyers ar* alarmed.
Shepard makeB the point that
courts martial must, ln their trial
record, show their authority, which
la from the president direct. In
none of the 10,000 caaea, Including
Salmon's trial, does the record
show any legal authority for dealing wtth the prisoner involved.
Framed-up Agalnat By   Business
Hen for Publishing Mugaiilne
for tlie Worken
(By the Federated Preas)
Los Angeles — Sydney Flowers'
caae waa called ln lhe superior
court recently. Flowers did not
appear. The court ordered hia
15000 cash ball forfeited, and a
warrant issued for the defendant
. Flower*, a returned Canadian
soldier, brought upon himself the
wrath of local bualneaa men by
publishing The Dugout, a magaslne
which fought the non-union shop
crusade of the chamber of commerce. He waa Indicted under
California's criminal syndicalist
The wage worker la already on
the trail of the red herring.
We patronize those who patron*
lie us.   ,
Best Quality—Right I'licoa
SSS  Carrall   Street.
Spy.  1350
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Remitting Pill tor Women. I»
a hex. Sold et oil Drug Stores, or moiled
to onr tddress on receipt of priee. Tbo
Scobell Drug Co., St. Cktlioriaes, Oattrlo.
Rcatorei Vim .'nd Vitality; for Kerr* tnd
Brain; Increim "grw matter;" a Tor1«
—wtll bnild yoa ap. |3 » box, or two for
$5, ftt drug storei, or by mail on rwefpt
of prico. Tha Seoboll Drag Co., St Om*
Ktow, Ontario.    ■	
Ballard's Furniture Store
Pbone Soy. 0187
.Wo alwoys cerrj in stook a good
selection of dlnlnf-room, parlor, kit*
chen tnd bedroom furnltnro, also
linoleum ond medlnm priced carpet
eqntros, nigs, ete. Wo cen core yoa
money ts ve ore ont of tho high rent
Transylvania Tackling'
_    Big Questions
(Continued from page 1)
total membership la Transylvania
Is 10,101. If you add 10,000 new
memben from th* Banat and It,-
000 mora, from th* Koro* Valley
and th* county of Maramarot, you
hav* 140,300 organized worken.
Hon than all othen th* mlnen
are sweated by their companies. At
th* prio* of 81 strlk** thty hav*
achieved il collective contract*,
with an average lncreue ot wages
of 130 par cent, In thete strikes,
whloh lasted from one to 81 day*,
36,000 striken participated.
Tht state employees secured 110
per cent Increase of a/ages by tour
strlkee, the carpenters 60 per cent,
by two, the building workers 45 per
cent, by ont, the leather workers
60 per cent, by one, tht clothing
worktn 00 per cent by six, tht
food workors 41 ptr cent, by two,
the prlnten 110 par cent, by seven,
and th* Iran and metal worken 130
per cent, by three strike*.
The rallwaymen achl*v*d a n*w
wag* system by a strlk*. The to-
baooo worken attained aa Increase
of wage* of HI per cent, without
striking. In all trade* than hav*
ben II strlk** wltb 14,701 striken
out for Ml day*.
Ia Braaw (Kronttadt), Nairn-
ban (Hormannstadt), Lugo* an'd
Kolosavar (Klauaanburg) th* cooperative movement hat started
with goof prospect*. Th* Junior
and Woman Workers' movement lt
only beginning.
Although th* work of th* party
pres* It hampered by th* strict censorship and othtr similar measures
arising out ef tht conditions of tht
oountry, thty succeeded in starting
labor paptrt In tbt mere important
Induatrlal eentrea six dallies and
ten weekllta ar* serving the pur-
posts of party propaganda. All
than papen ar* reaching thalr
readen very late and sometimes not
at all, as they ar* confiscated at the
post offlc* by military and civil authorities.
All In all th* Influence et Labor
la steadily increasing. > Its unions
are fighting more and mon enerr
getlcally for the right bf frn assemblage and the liberty of thc
preaa, for the autonomy of tha
Worker*' Inaurance Ofllce, for the
release of political prisoners and
the suspension ot martial law, and
are doing all ln their power to help
th* struggle against th* Whit* Terror in Hungary.
At th* laat .Party and Trada
Union Congress that met at Klau-
•enbu on August 15, 300 delegates,
the deputies of 30,000 organised
worker*, wen present After uniting the different nationalities of
labor In the oocupied territories
Into oae common party and trade
union, thetr next aim la the uniting
ef th* Banat and Transylvania
movement with the Labor movement ot Old Rumania, the.Buko-
wina and Bessarabia.
The topic of Joining the Third International* la being discussed ever
more .frequently at the meetings of
the Banat aad Transylvania worker*, but th* Klausenburg congress
reeolved that they would send a
labor delegation to Moscow in order
to study th* condition* ot labor In
Th* Banat and Transylvania
Labor party, together with the Old
Rumanian Labor party, will decide
at tbelr common congress at Cam-
plna, after having listened to the
report of the delegation returned
from* Russia, upon the question of
Joining or not Joining the Third In*
Politics Attracts Great
Many Aspirants
(Continued from page 1)
date on the 8. P. of C. platform,
and Sam Outhrle la running as a
Labor candidate In Newcastle
the Federated Labor Party platform. With these two ln the Held,
tho constituencies being ' contested
by Labor Is increased to twelve.
Geo. Caaey who ls contesting At-
lln on the F. L. P. ticket, was en>
dorsed by the Prince Rupert Central Labor Council, and by a re*
ferendum vote of workers in Stewart, Alice Arm and Anyox.
T, A, Barnard waa nomniatea at
a joint convention of Labor and
returned men ln Nanalmo. Both
sides nominated four candidates,
and T. A. Barnard received 341
votes out of a total of 839. Two
soldier candidates then moved and
seconded that the nomination be
made unanimous and It was carried. Ml1. Barnard announed he
was a member of'the Federated
Labor Party, and would run on Its
platform, which was the abolition
of the present system of capitalistic production and If he was elected and the time ever came when
he would have to choose between
tlio road taken by Jim Hawthornthwnite and Bobby Bussell, then It
would be Stoney Mountain for him.
Di4. W. J. Curry was asked 'to
accept nomination,, for the Dewdney  riding   by  the   Oil  Rellnery
Veteran of the Great War
We will dye your gnat coat bottle green, brown or black, tak*
off shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and mak* It look Ilk* a
elvy coat, all tor tS.HO.
Hall Orden Promptly Attended
7 little Tailors
SM Oarrall Street
Independent Candidate
Pbone Seymonr Sill
Bane Governmont Control.
Building and Upkeep of Oood Roads.
Encouragement of Industrie*
Tlio full enfonomont of the Minimum Wage law.
Administration wltll Economy,
Amusement and Auto Taxes to ho shared equally by tbe
Province with Citios and Mnnlolpalltie*.
Wm. DIGK says
' Our
THIB $200,000 stock must be cleared out by the end of the year to make room for
new clothing bought at a 50 per cent Wer figure than laat season. In cutting down
our stoek we are giving you the greatest values i* Canada today, tower prices were
bound to come after reconstruction. We have prepared for the new era, By the end of
the'year, tf incomparable priees will do it, but a small fraction of this stoek will be left,
Every article in thia tremendous clearance is guaranteed ironclad, and if for any reason
you have oause to be dissatisfied after • purchase, you can bring that article back and
get full return of your money.
160 Toung Han't Overcoatai
EST    *1Q.75
MMO.OO.      Jjljf
All tb* noweet touches—with
and wlthont belt—single aat
doubl* breasted—slash pocket*—alte* IS to 81.
100 dona Preeldent SUapta-
den—th*    suspender    that
need*   no Introduction—-told
everywhero at 11.30. tjt*
Our Sal* Prlc*  I OC
Thlt popular all-wool and
On* knit sweater witk th*
tap* strings to ke*p It olo**
to th* nock; aold regularly at
IT, aad waa a big seller at
thl* prlc*; belt English
make; different shadta. Our
Salt Prlct #0 AA
to clear.............. fUoUv
Men's Suits and Overcoats
£ST G9Q.75   ST*. *U
AD aaa art
tto Overcoat* S*U
A rang* unexcelled tat Wttt-
«rn Canada—reliable mak** '
—'tave distinctive lint*—4a
pattern*, weave* and ttylw
, that'll pleas* —aa ottering
that d*8e* competition—
meana quick action.
IM   High   Oaai   Weat   of
Value* up to lie, Including
•very figure type—handaome
quality material*—Ugh olaa*
la trary reepeot
IBO Mm'*
Sato Mae
Navy bin** aad clay wonted*
—in two and three-button
•ffeota—conservative and led
to—on* et ear moat extraordinary bargain*, See tbl* Hoe.
100 extra Hoavy Brown
Secga Salt*
Guaranteed    tatt    colon—
•very al**—Ideal fer strong
* wlntar wear—Jutt tb* right
weight   Then values go aa
high a* tee. Aaa 7C
Special t_ ***_'!*>
100 EogHeb Kavy Blae
t».   Sale
Extra heavy quality—guana-
teed fast colon—mala, br
famous Campbell * C«.—•
big opportunity.
an value* go
A big map for tb* maa
who wean Ovwalla—
Carhartt'* Ovtnll* la
black, blu* aad *trlp*d—
tl.io. Our
Bal* frio* .-
Known te man aU over
Canada  (er   lta   starling
quality   aad   a   standby.
Rag. 11.10
Combination*; every else.
Our Sale
Price —.
; every slse.
' Begular value* (rom 110.61
to 131.00.   Exceptional value
at eur
Sal* Prlc*
Ixceptlonal value
A snap In Men'a Working
.Glove,—50 dozen multakla
and pigskin gloves; regular
31.36 pair,
(or :_.
ISO    Men's    Suit*,    Selling
Fanciful celortd Forbts Wer-
ated*^-« popular lino—roil-
abl* ta mak* aad service-■
carrying a big rtduotloa.
Furnishing Specials
Standeld Block Label, aold ia othw *tert* at 16.50 a garment
Our Sal* £n ten
Prie*     9**** « O
I   dewn  heavy  pun  wool
thlrtt—a shirt (or the maa
who work* outdoon; rtgular
■»££- *3-25
la pure Australian wool—aa
exceptionally flna knit coat
la brown aad gny oaly;
ng. 17.50,value. (_e\ gam
Sale Price   «yJ*UO
English Caabmer* Book*
—every tit* aal a big
seller at our regular prio*
1000 dozen Arrow Collars
—the best known on tht
market today— sells regularly for Ifio. Our Ale
price—every    shape   and
each  mvC
135 dosen Stanfield's Red Label Und*rw*a*—tb* Hit prio* of thla
line at other atores is |3.75 par garment.
Our Sale Prio*—*v*ry sis* ......_	
Stanfiald'* Blu* Label, aold at other ston* (or 11.60 a garment
Our aai*
Prlc*   _	
Here is a fine heavy weight
blaek twUI work skirt—Mid
regularly at tl.it. Our *p*e-
Price $2*45
0 a garment
In th. season's lajgat
atrip** aad colon; la
every sin; rtgular up te
33.75. Our *Q 4i
Sale Priee .... aJtemtadD
Wm. DICK, Limited
The Largeat Men't Stor* la tba Wert
Look at These Startling Prices
Workers of loco, and by workeri
in Fort Moody. This constituency
is considered a safe Labor con-
atiituency, and the workera of theie
.two towns are going to worts hard
for his election.
Geo. W. Dingwall was nominated to contest the Eossland constituency at a joint convention of the
P, L. P. and Farmers.
Alfred Harvey Smith Is the standard bearer for the party in Slocan. A dummy candidate was announced for Revelstoke to keep a
real Labor* candidate out of the
field. The dummy resigned a few
hours before nomination time.
Socialist Party with Six
The Soclaliit Party of Canada
has six candidates In the field in
Vancouver. J. Harrington, S. Earp,
J. Smith, W. McQuoid, W. Dennis
and Chris. Stephenson. Vancouver is, however, the only constituency where the party hu candidates.
Independents with all kinds of
schemes and platforms are alio In
the Held. The United Farmer* are
getting Into the political arena,
with two straight farmer candidates and about four alliances with
either Labor or Soldier parties.
Grand Army Candidates
The G^and Army of United Veterans has two candidates ln the
field in Vancouver ,and two In Victoria. The candidates in Vancouver, J. L. Miller and P. II. North
are both wage workers, and strong
union men taking up the battle of
the returned men. The organ lza-
ttyfi is strenuously opposed to the
old parlies; and are urging the returned men to also endorse the
Labor candidates as against Liberal
and Conservative. At a meeting
held In the Columbia theatre last
Sunday, Secretary Webb said, amid
laughter, that lf the Oliver1 government was half as bad as the Bowser "Clan" claimed lt to be, and If
Bowser was the unscrupulous man
that the Oliver forces stated him
to be—then the only course open
was for every thinking man and
woman to vote for six candidates
who,belonged to neither party. He
scored the Returned officers who
were running on old party tickets
as captains, majors and lieutenant-
colonels, thereby trying td catch
the soldiers' vote. He also took the
press to task for their hostile attitude, and stated that as the O,
A. U. V. could not get the publicity from them, they had decided
to do their own wortt. He made a
strong appeal for the vote of the
returned man as a worker, as well
as a soldier, and to the labor man
for his whole-hearted support for
a Labor1 platform.
Los Angeles—All Les Angeles
newspapers, two morning and
threo evening, suppress all- eleotlon returns from the tenth congressional dlstriot ln order to avoid
mentioning the name of the author
of the "Brass Check," Upton Sinclair, who is the Socialist candidate
for congress In that dlstriot,
Labor Has Benefited'
Under the terms of the Workmen's Compensation Act, which became effective January 1st, 1917, the glaring evils of the old compensation-system were removed.
v This act abolished completely tho old ayetem of
litigation arising out of induetrial accidents.
It provides that the workmen, after the first three
days of disability, ahall receive 55 per cent, of hit
wage loss resulting from accident. •
It provides for medical attention (including
specialists)," surgical treatment, hospital treatment, nurses, medicine, crutches, apparatus and
.        artificial members for injured workmea
It takes thc question of industrial compensation
out of the realm of private controversy and settles
amicably claims of workmen, which formerly
were subject of troublesome litigation.
It tends to remove anxiety and fear of want for
himself and family from the mind of thc workman during disability.
It provides for regular payment! of stated
amounts to widows and children, victims of industrial accidents.
It provides economical acccidcnt insurance to employers for thcir woikmen and makes for better
feeling between employer and workman. •
The economical adminiatration of this Aot findt
proof in thc fact that out of every $100 collected
from thc employera laat year, $95.21 went directly to the workmen- or their dependent! without
any expense to them whatover.
Up to November 1, 1920, 72,134 accidents hav*
been dealt with. Compensation has been paid
to workmen amounting to over $2,300,000. Claims
are being adjusted on an averagt of from five to
seven dayi after the reports are received from all
parties concerned.
Since this Act came into foree, compensation for
, wage loss and pensions haa run to over $4,000,000;
$22,000 a month is now being paid to over 760
I widows and other dependents.
There has already been paid for medical and sun
gical treatment, hospital treatment, nurses, etc.,
' approximately $1,000,000 to date.   A workman,
under the Act, ia entitled to receive, and does receive, just aa good medical treatment as tht
richest man in the land. The workman is permitted to choose hii own doctor, and specialists
are provided at the eoat of the Board, when
The Oliver Government has proved itself a (me friend to the wago
earner, and is worthy of your unqualified support
Vote for Liberal Candidates Dec. 1
"Many a time have I
labored when every mor-
ael of food I put in my
mouth bore the imprint of
my fingers in dirt, and I
am not ashamed to say it.
I think that wearing blue
denim overalls and jumper
is just aa h^iorable as
wearing broadcloth, and
when I dug ditches for a
living in competition with
Chinamen I was as good a
man as I am today, and in
thc opinion of some, a better man."
twelfth year. no. 46    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY November 12,  IM
The 1 MLT, 1 Loggers' Boot
Hell ortori  ptrionally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly  Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to R. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggen' Hall
Pbone Sermour ltt Repairs Done While Ton Welt
-For Labor Men
FACTS are what Labor wants. Not eleetion promises. Hot
hot air. Bnt real signs of progress. Now who ia likely to
give sympathetic hearing to the just aspirations of Labor?
And more than sympathy, aid? Look at it this way. Wbo
are naturally, instinctively conservative? Why! Who bnt
thoie who art well satisfied with things as they are. People
who tet no need for ohange and who resent it when the need
(or change is forced upon them. Are they likely to help
Ltbor? Hardly I On the other hand, the Liberal is the apos-
tle of orderly reform. And there can be no reform which
leave* out Labor. Can there? Now, what did the Oliver
Oovernment do for Labor?
It haa used its best efforts to avert strikes, and to
establish amicable relations between employers and
Sanitary conditions in camps, canneries and mines
have been vastly improved through the work of a
specially trained inspector.
Free employment bureaux were established in 1918
saving agents fees. Placements average over 1500
• weekly.
'A Colliers' Minimum Wage Board was established.
The Oovernment in 1918 extended the 8-hour law
from underground coal mine workers to those who
worked above ground.
The eight-hour day legislation of the Oliver Oovernment reduced the working hours of from 6000 to 6000
Unfair Chinese laundry competition was to a great
1     extent eliminated by bringing laundries under the
Factory Aot.
The Weekly Half-Holiday was extended to a large
number of trades previously exempted.
A Provincial .Technical School established.
Minimum Wage Board for women, and girls formed.
Working girls formerly paid $4 a week cannot now
be paid les* than $12.75 to $15.
Mothen' Pension Aet waa put on the Statute Book,
granting the highest pension in the world for
mothers. Stricter regulations were passed governing
the employment of children.
$2,800,000 compensation has been pud to workmen
under the Workmen's Compensation Aot, which became effective January the 1st, 1917.
The question of Industrial Compensation has been
taken out of the realm of private controversy.
Accident regulations are provided and enforced.
TtAaa an a few of the facts proving, not only that the Oliver
Oovernment luw alwayi given sympathetic consideration to
the betterment of working poflditiona, but that ACTION hat
alwayi been taken whero possiblt. These aoU accomplished
in batter guarantee! of progress and betterment than a wholo
airload of promisee. Jndge by the facte. ,
Vote the Straight
Liberal Ticket
Your Interests Demand it
Attorney-General and Minister of Labor
Mass Meeting
MONDAY, Nov. 15
Vancouver Hotel
8 o'clock
And Liberal Candidates.
MAYOR GALE, Chairman.
Bey. 7307
Vancouver Hotel
President of Council Hag
Serious Charges Made
Against Him
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Resignation of the
Building Trades CouncU from the
Central Trades and Labor Council
of Greater New York, may withdraw from that affiliation, its most
reactionary element, and throw
the balance of power to the progressive unions.
The action of the. Building
Trades Council follewed the exposure of flagrant graft practiced by
lta president, Robert Brhidell, In
the course of the housing investigation now being condutcd by a legislative committee. While no action
has boon taken on the resignation,
there Is a strong possibility that it
may be accepted, and a largo block
of delegates, who are Brindell's
followers, automatically removed.
So startling are the charges of
corruption brought against Brln-
deli, and his agent that the unions
which have been forced to play the
goat to Brindell's hold-up policy,
are registering their approval of a
grand jury investigation, which Is
as damning to certain self-styled
"labor men" as to the employers
and building contractors.
This prospect is hailed with relief by the progressive groups
within the. Central * Federated
Union, the Manhattan Federation,
which will Mon lose Its identity
through a forced merger with the
more conservative Brooklyn - Central Labor councils. The forced
fusion of those two bodies into the
Central Trades and Labor Counoll
was ordered by Samuel Oompers,
president of the American Federation of Labor, for the express purpose of diluting the growing radicalism of the C. F. U. it ls claimed.
The Insurgents, however, declare
that they are not being diluted, bui
aro acting as yeast. As evidence
of the power they have already exerted, over the new body, they point
to tile first Joint meeting held the
middic of September, under the
control of Oompers, when they succeeded In shelving the election ot
officers, and thus avoided the election of machine delegates.
Since tiien, the progressives have
gained a second point in winning
the secret ballot, which thoy regard as the most Important safeguard against stampeding by thc
antagonistic groups.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—President, J. II. Clarke;
vlM*preiidentt R. W. Hatleyj iecretary
J G. Smith; tressurer, A. 8. Welti;
lerfeint-et-srmi, E. Home; trtuteei,
Csrr, VanruWen, SleTerwrijcht and Midgley. Meets. Srd Wedneiday each month
In the Pender Hall, corner ot Pender and
Howe atweta.  Phone Sey. 281.	
eil—Meeu    aeoond    Monday    la   the
month.   Preildent, 3. 9. McConnell; eaa*
retary, R. H. Neelanda. P. O. Boa 86.	
Lnmber Indnatry (camp and mill)
meet with fellow workers In that lnduitry. Organiie into the Lumber, Camp k
Afrienltara) Workon Dept. ot the O. B.
U. HeadQaarteri, 61 Cordova itreet west,
Vancouver.   Phone Sey. 7856.	
O. B. U.—Preildent, R. W. Hatloy;
•tcretary, J. G. Smith. Meeti lit Wedneiday In each month in Pender Hall,
eor. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Bey.   291.  -
ployeei, Loeal SB—MeeU every second
Wedneiday in the month tt 3:80 pm
and every fourth Wedneiday in the month
st 8:80 p.m. President, John Cnmmtnie,
aeorot y and buiineu agent, A. Graham.
Ofllce and meeting hall, 441 Seymour St.
*. Phone Bey. 1681. Ofllce hojiri, 8
ajn. to ft p.n
Aaioclatlon,    Local    86-63—Offlce snd
kail,  163 Cordova St.  W.    Meeti 0rat
and third Frldaya, 8 p.m. Secretary
treaiurer, P. Chapman; bnalneu agent,
B. Richards.
J. H. Burrough to Ri
in Prince Ri
(Continued from 'page 1)
son next year. The conditions and
prices under which they have delivered their labor power are uot
of a nature that render orsjij*iy.n-
tlon unnecessary by any means,
and many of them have already
Joined up. The question of organizing the Japanese fishermen
presents a different problem. The
great majority of them go south
to Steveston for the winter,'"ind
the gee. Treas. was instructed1 to
write to Gen. Sec. Midgley. to see
lf the-work of enrolling could not
be done from the head office, with
the cost of such to be borne by
the Oeneral Fund.
The mattor of the O. B. U. referendum will be dealt, with at a
special meeting to be called for
the purpose. A grant of $25 to the
Shipyard Workers' Unit was mnde
for the purpose of holding a smoker
in 'aid of organization. Tho Womon's Auxiliary was granted a
loan of 126 and a gift of 125 In aid
of- their Xmas tree entertainment,
but the whole amount is expected
to be raised and returned to the
Council. The porennial question
of non-delivery of mall at Anyox
was again to the fore, and the
Sec. Treas. given Instructions. A
case et rupture whioh the Compensation Board refused to recognise as coming under the Act was
reported, -and action taken endorsed. The TJ. B. of C. & J. wrote
asking for the co-operation of the
.0. B. U. in getting a show of-cards
at the Dry Dock, they believing
that some men were getting by on
the excuse that they belonged to
the O. B. U. After discussion the
request was granted and .the £ec-
Treas. Instructed to writo the delegates at the yard requesting them
to co-operate.
An Insult to Native Members.
Delegate Oerster drew attention
to a letter ln the Fed.,.signed by
"John Knox," In which the Indians
working ln the dock were referred
to as "apparently verminous." In
view of the fact that practically
all the natives in the yard belonged to the organization he considered that the Council should take
cognizance ef the atatement and
contradict lt He could see ho difference,, aa far as cleanliness was
concerned,- while work was proceeding, between the natives nnd
the whites: In this protest he was
supported by other speakers, and
instructions were given that attention be drawn to. the letter jn!'the
next report sent to the Fed.'," with
the protest recorded. ..'•'.'
The movement locally hM Iliad
the good fortune of a visit from
Mrs. Rose Henderson, who spnl.en
on the 23rd Inst, on the "o! B.' 17.
of Capitalism," the following afternoon to the Womens' Auxiliary^ at
Which, unfortunately, owing to the
inclement weather, thore wis; n
slim attendance, and on. the_sarne
evening on International Politics.
The following Thursday she was
the chief speaker at a meeting-Held
under the auspices of'the 3riS.de-
terminatlon for Ireland LeagMft of
Canada, which taxed the aewjijio-
datlon of the hall. Another faceting on Child Welfare was also, held
under the auspices of one of the
church auxiliaries. On the night
the Council met she gave a very Interesting address on the. progress
the movement was making lh the
east, particularly amongst thc steet
and mine workers.
The Council nt Its last meeting
considered the matter of putting 0.
B.U. men up to contest the northern ridings In the interests of Lnbor. The Sec. Treas. reported aetion
taken, which was endorsed, and
was Instructed to write to Vancouver for the names of men „who
would be willing to accept a nomination to contest the Princo Rupert
Tlie Political Pot
During the week a Mr. Ross McKay, from Ocean Falls, appeared In
the city with a Hat which he was
getting electors to sign, calling a
convention of labor bodies of Prince
Ruport to consider the matter of
Amendments to -Constitution
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Few
will disagree with the censure
Implied in shutting off further discussion ot principals, not principles. It is hoped that lt Is not intended as a censorship of discussion on the proposed amendments
to the O. B. U. constitution.
The action of the membership as
ua' Union—kxti Sol sad 4th «•
taye, 106 Labor T«npl«. Praia.nl, W.
Wllion, 3991 Oruvlllo Stroot: ieer.lMT.
E. T. Kellri 1850 Huting! St. S.i ro*
eordlns-l.or.Urr, L. Hold-worth, 699—
14th St. W., Nortk Vancouver.
WORKERS Dipt, ol Ihe O. B. U.—
Aa indu.trisl anion of all workeri la Io(*
slag and oonitnctloa tempi. Coait PU*
trlet aad Oeneral Beadoautore, gl Cor*
dove St. W-, Vancouver, B. C. Phon. Bey.
7968. K. Winch, general eecretary*
treaeurer; legal edtUeri, Meun. Bird,
Uecdoneld * Co., Venconrei, B. Oj audi*
Ion, Meun. Butter * Chieno, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
lit aad 3rd Mondavi al 10.15 am. end i
p.m. Prt-.ld.nt, k. Rlfby; neo.dl>><
eecretarr, W. E. OrlBi, 447—eth Avenue
Eaeij bwaanr, P. mdawari iauolil
•eeretarr aad buelnree agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4809 Dumfries Btreet; offlco corner
Prior sad Mala Sti. Paea. fair. 8504 ii.
the 0. B. U. meet la their aalon ball
at Roomi 8 aad t Empire Botel, 79 Heat*
Ing. Eait, Int and third Wedneediy, in
the month.    President V. Owene: vice*
fr.iid.nt, D. Cerlla: eecretarr. Earl King,
hone Ser* 8998.
Millworkers employed in the
Lumber lnduitrr, argaall. late the
L., C. * A. W. Dept. of the O. B. V.
Millworken, Branchei meet « follow!:
Vaaeouvor—Lambir Workeri' heedquar*
ten, 91 Cordova St. W. Every Meaday
8 p.m.
New Weitmlniler—Labor Hall, eor. Royal
Ave. aad 7th St. 3nl aad dth Wedneiday! at 9 p.m.
lYeeer Mills-Old Moving Plctur. Theatre, Maillardville. Oat aad dth Thureday. I p.m.
Port Moody—Oraag. Ball, ia* Friday,
•very month, at • p-m.
ete- Unit of tho One Big Union, Metal.
Uforoai Miaen—Vaaeouvor, B. 0., head*
qaarten, 81 Cordova Street West. All
aorken engaged la thla induitry an
otied to Join Ue Ualea before going ea
Ihe lob. Don't wall lo ba organlied, bat
organiie younelf.
Nortk America  (Vaneoaver aad viola*
K" )—Branch meets eecond aad foarth
mdayi, Room 804 Labor Temple. Presl*
dent, Wm. Hunter, 91* Teath Ave. North
Vancouvor! inanclal aeeretary, E. Qod*
dard, 969 Richard! Btreet. neordlng see-
retery, 3. D. Ruiiell, 989 Commercial
Drive.   Phone High. 9S04R.
on Bridgemen, Dcrrickmen and Rlegch.
of Vancouver and vicinity. Me. tn every
Mondiy, 8 p.m., in 0. li. U. Hell, 801
Pender St. W- Preildent, T. L. Howltt;
flnmclll iecretary ind tmelneil igent, E,
Hornc.   Phone, Seymour 2PI,	
Provincial Unions
ui Ltbor Council—Me. ti Int tnd
third Widncidftja, Knlghu ef Prthlu
Hill, Nurth Park fltwtt, »t 8 p.ra. Pml*
dont, A. 0. Pike; flu-pruldent, C. E.
CoppUnd; •ocnUry-treaiurtr, E. 8.
Woodward, P. 0. Bos 802. Victoria. B.C.
Utsts fint and third Friday each itumth
at M24 Government Street.   Third Friday
open forum.   Saoretary, E. Watoraon.
piiwob bupbbt, b._o.	
prince bupert central labor
COUNCIL, O. B. U.—Meeti every TW
day Id the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Mt*t.
iBft open to all 0. B. U. m. inherit, See-
retary-treaenrer, N. Booth, Box 317
Princo Rnpert, B. 0,
nominating a labor man to contest
the riding. He had received the
endorsatlon of the workers at
Ocean Falls, and was particularly
interested ip the question ot opening the closed towns of the province. Without committing themselves to any candidate a sufficient
number of signatures was obtained
to call the convention, and the
aame was held in the O. B. U, hall
on Friday, Oct. 2 9 at 8 p.m.
The meeting was well representative of the various sections, of the
labor movement in the elty, ln the
neighborhood of one hundred attending. Besides Mr. McKay there
was also present Mr. 8. Newton,
owner of the Prince Rupert "Empire," who has been in the field at
an Independent candidate for some
time. F. Shaw, of the C. L. C,
was elected to the chair, and opened the convention by announcing
the circumstances which had occasioned the call, and after an address by .Mr. McKay on the evils of
the closed town question, partlcu
larly ns experienced hy himself as
an employee of the Ocean Falls corporation. Nominations were then
called for candidates, Mr. Newton's name was proposed, but withdrawn after some discussion, ln
which he took the stand that as he
was an Independent candidate, ln
the event of his name going to the
vote and being defeated he could
not consistently support the choice
of the convention.
The nominations that went to
the vote were as followa: J. H.
Burrough, Sec. of the L. W. I. U.,
Prince Rupert District and Asst.
Sec. of the C. L. C..', Walter Shaw
(O. B. U.); Wm. Denning (I. L. A.)
and T. Ross McKay, from Ocean
Falls. The candidates-were called
upon by the chair to address the
convention, the flrst to do so belnr
J. H. Burrough, who stated that J
he accepted the nomination it mup
be understood that his platforn
would be that of the S. P. of C.
without any reservations or suh
tractions. He read the platforn
and briefly stated hts position a
being tn strict accord with. It. It
nominated and elected he would
not advocate the efficacy of reform
measures as a means of lightening
the burdens under which the workers were struggling, as he was convinced that the only release lay ir.
the success of the revolutionary
.Socialist movement, by which the
workers would come Into possession
of the means of life.
Mr, W. Shaw stated that he stood
for what was good for the people
as a whole. United effort could
solve many problems, Including
that of water front lots for the
city of Prince Rupert, If the people
had real control of things.
Mr. Denning, who Is an old-times
In the Labor movement, stated hfr
intention of standing by the choice
of the convention, whoever It might
be. Now more than ever lt was
necessary to have Labor representatives in the legislatures.
Mr. Ross McKay spoke along the
lines of his previous address.
The rcsuit of the flrst ballot was
Burrough 26, McKay 24, Shaw 14,
Denning 14.
The second ballot decided the
question of the nominee by the vote
of Burrough 46, McKay 30.
A volunteer campaign committee
of eight was formed, and a meeting
held Immediately after the adjournment of the convention to get started on the details of the arrangements for the coming flght. The
constituency Is a large one, one of
the largest, and It will be Impossible to cover most of It. Funds and
speakers will be needed to cover
what portion can be reached, and
It Is hoped that readers of the Fed.
In the district will do all ln their
power to secure for the support of
the candidate all those who desire
to register their protest against the
existing system and support of the
principles embodied in the platform
of the Socialist party of Canada.
- Donations towards the expenses
of the campaign should be sent to
C. M. Smith, Box 833, Prince
Rupert, to whom also all who desire to assist In the capacity of
scrutineers and collecting funds to
carry on the flght should apply.
Speakers are urgently needed.
The nominee ls Inoxperlenced in.
platform speaking, and if there are
any comrades of the 6. P. of C.
qualified to place the correct position before the workers who can,
spare a few days they will flnd
that the time will not hang on
their hands, and that they will Incur no flnanclal loss.
expressed in the referendum now f
being taken upon these proposals
will be awaited with interest, for
if they endorse the proposals en
masse, then heaven help the O. B.
(J., for lt will be evident it is composed of as, big an aggregation of
unthinking sheep as any A. F. ot
L. bunch.
How a committee on constitution
and a supposed convention of delegates came tu pass such proposals
is a bigger conundrum than any
Chinese puzzle that I ever met.
Why delete from the preamble,
"not according to craft, but according to industry," and leave the following; "In the struggle over the
purchase and sale of labor power,
the buyers are always masters—
the sellers always the workers.
From thiB fact arises the inevitable class struggle." This last sen.
tence le, to say the least,, an unfortunate mode of expression.
From the fact of'the private own"
ershlp of the means of producing
the necessaries of life arises the
class struggle which expresses itself by the sale and purchase of
labor power. However, we don't
quibble, or fiddle, while Rome
burns. Why elect five members of
the executive from the floor of ti\>
convention and permit the remainder to be elected by the rank and
flle? Why an executive the slse of
a small convention? But the meat
of'the proposal U that the two
most Important offices in the organization shall be taken out of
the control of the membership. We
may as well face the fact that the
proposal to appoint the seoretary
(Which it Is reported has already
been done, without waiting for the
instruction of the membership),
has given rise to a very nasty suspicion ln the minds of all who
have watched events during the
past few months.
No. 6, If adopted, will conflict
with Clause 9 of the constitution,
as lt is and will continue to be.
Is lt intended to create an official autocracy?  How No. 6 can be
otherwise interpreted, or intended,
It would be hard to conceive.   It
can be Interpreted that one, or one
hundred workers in  "new" territory may not lndividaully, or collectively,     conduct     organization
work in their "new" torritory.without the consent of the ten or fifty
members  comprising  the   general
executive.   Is this meant to create
organizers' Jobs for the executive
members?    Of  course,  some  one
vill take it upon himself to say
.•hat    the    superficial    Intention
s, but it must not be lost sight of
hat the   difference   between   "Interpretation" of what was said to
e    "intended,"    and    what   was
stated"   ln  the  constitution,   was
me reason for the trouble at Port
No. 8 refers to "a certain Industrial region, for the purpose of
taking care of the Internal affairs
of their Industry." Twice here are
references to industry, and this follows the proposed deletion from
the preamble the reference to industrial organization. What is an
industrial region? And who defines lt? Is 20 miles each side
of the C. P. R. an Industrial region
of the transport Industry, except
where it,runs alongside or crosses
the C. N. R? And were the lum
ber workers delegates correct when
they stated that the whole of Canada was the Industrial region of
the Industry? This looks like an
other case of "Interpretation" or
"Intention" versus "Btatement."
No. 9—This clause would debar
the miners or any other group of
workers In similar circumstances,
from being eligible to attend conventions. Because there is no
clause authorizing or enabling the
executive or any other body to exempt them from paying per capita
tax, owing to exceptional circumstances. It ls useless to again quibble by stating what Is the "Intention." There must not be another
Port Arthur fracas, therefore the
constitution Is what It states, not
what some one Intends.
■ No. 10—Is the most remarkable
basis of representation ever proposed. Upon analysis it will be
found there is nothing to prevent a
council or board from sending ten
or a hundred delegates, although
they will only have the total vote
to which the unit Is entitled, but
the influence of a large number of
delegates advocating a certain line
of action Is, or Bhould be, recognized. It la when the basis of representation ls worked out. that
the joker is found, The old curse
on progress being there In all Its
glory. "The dead controlling the
living." A unit having 1300 members In Split, 1920, and losing an
average of 100 every month, would
In August of 1921, the month previous to next convention, have 200
members, and be entitled to 750
votes. A unit having 100 in Sept.,
1920, and Increas'ng 100 each
month would In August, 1921, have
1200 members, and be entitled to
650 votes. A hundred less than
the unit which had lost 84 per cent,
of Its membership and down to
What's the Idea?    Or ls lt lack
of ideas?
NOt 11—What Is there to prevent
Big Sweeping Reductions in All Departments.
26 Per Cent. Reductions on All Hen's Suits, Overcoats,
Raincoats, Trousers, Underwear, Sweaters, eto.  Special
Lines Out in. Half.
Boys' Department Similar Reductions
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
$09 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
one lection protesting the credential, ot all their opposing delegate, and thus constituting themselves the convention ?
The proposal embodied In No.
IS has already caused enough
trouble without having such a
bone of contention embodied Into
the constitution.
Finally, the referendum has been
Issued wlthut a date ot closing.
Consequently, It must remain open
until the next convention, for only
the referendum aa Issued can be
the official one, assuming It le Issued In full conformity with the
Instructions of the convention.
Therefore, taking all In all, as
stated at the opening of thla col
munlcatlon, "Heaven help the
B. U. lf the membership endor
such a referendum."   Tours,
*». A.  B.
Sydney, N. B. W.—It Is the
tentloh of the New South Wai
(Australia)  Labor government
nationalise such of the minea
the country as are necessary ln t
public interest, such as the oe
mines.    The government also I
tends to improve the facilities
bona flde prospectors to make
preliminary examination ot like
era—You n.«d tb. Camp' Worker, of
jour Industry. Ther need you. Orsinli.
together In the O. B. IJ. lndu't.ri.1 Unit
of yonr oeeupntlon. Dcirsat-, on c.rry
job, or writo the District Headquarters,
81 Cordova St. W., Vanconver. Entranc.
foe. ,1,00; monthly duos. tl.OO.    '	
Futunora 1.1..A.. Local Colon 8SA,
Series 6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
)f the month, Lahor Temple, I p.m.
President, William Ifaylor; flnanclal aee*
retary and hnslnc.s agent, M. Phelps;
.'orresponding aeeretary, W. Lee. Oflee,
Room  207 Labor Temple.
lleeta last Sunday of each month at
3 p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, O. H. Collier; aeeretary-treas*
uror. R. H. Neelands, Bt, 60.
Employeea,  Pioneer Division, No.  101
—U.eli A, O, r. Hell, Mount Pliaaast*
The Weil Laxative for Children
Mothen. giw Ihe litfla ones Dr. Caldwell's Luatm
Syrop Pepsin for constipation. Acts mildly
udfentljr. Formula on the pacing*.
THE slert mother, ever anxious to find something bet-
will interest herself in learning
.what is best to give them when
they sn constipated, have a
headache, cold or fever, are
bilious or dyspeptic. It stands
to reason thst the remedy that
might be suitable for you, at
your age, might be too drastic
for a child.
By all means do whst you cat
to regulate the diet, giving preference to the light, easily digested foods. But when diet
Falls you will have to helpNature
with medicine. It would then
be well for you to avoid the
harsher cathartics and physics,
castor oil, calomel and such,
even if disguised in tablets or
pills, for they weaken the child
and make it irritable.
A better plan Is to give half a
teaspoonful of Dr. Caldwell's
Laxative Syrup Pepsin, which
•is a combination of simple laxative herbs #ith pepsin. It acts
mildly and gently and does not
gripe or weaken.  It hu tbe
unusual merit of being safe for
the tiniest baby yet equally effective for grownups. The
formula is plainly on the pack,
age, and a sixty-cent bottle is
sufficient to last an average
family many months.
There ls nothingbetter orsafer
than Dr. Caldwell's Laxative
Syrup Pepsin for stomach, liver
an dbowel troubles, andaait contains nonarcoticscr mercurials,
mothers ean feel safo in giving
lt to any member of the family
needing a constipation medicine, it is syrupy and delightfully pleasant to take. It must
meet the taste of the majority,
for last year over eight million
bottles were bought ln drug
stores, the largest sale of the
kind in the world.
Buy a sixty-cent bottle today
with the understanding that if
for any reason it does not do
exactly as claimed your money
will be refunded. Dr. Caldwell's
Laxative Syrup Pepsin has bcen
on sale in drug stores for thirty
years so you would not be experimenting with anythingnew.
Thercanfo—t of families who will want
to prove to their own satisfaction that my
Laxative Syrup Pepsin is as effective In
constipation, as mild and gentle in action,
at plensant-tastmg and safe, as I clam.
Let tuch write me for a sample. It will
be tent postpahi Simply say, "Dr. W.
B. Caldwell, 19 Front St., Brldphurg, Ont.:
Send a fnt trial ksle of Dr. Caldwell's
Laxative Symp Pepsin to—" and give
your name and a—rest, I will lee that
the rest Is attended to prompt!;.
Federated Labor Party
Tlie Federated Labor Party ls organised for Uie purpose of
securing industrial logixlatlon, and the collective ownership and
democratic operation of tlie means of wealth production.
To the Electors of the City of Vancouver
Ab stated in our platform, our ultimate object li a complete
change in the present economic and social syitem. In this we
realize our solidarity with the workers the world over.
While realizing the inadequacy of the present syBtem of representative government—and without losing sight of our ultimate
objective—wo believe in taking advantage of every opportunity
to improve the conditions of the workers. In this way we may
obtain a stronger position from which to .carry on the struggle.
With the world situation changing so rapidly It Is Impossible
to lay down a detailed permanent programme. The representatives of the working class can be trusted to deal with particular
questions as they arise.
At this Provincial election, while no great issues are being
placed before the electors by the old political parties, several   '
Important questions are within view.   With regard to these we
venture to lay down certain "principles,
We advocate the adoption of the principle that lt Is the duty
of the State to provide productive employment for the unemployed man or woman under strictly trade union conditions.
It will be the duty of tbe representatives of the Federated
Labor Party to use their utmost efforts to prevent any further
alienation of the natural resources of the province from the
people. They should be retained and operated on behalf of and
ln the interests of the whole community.
Where the natural resources of the Province have been acquired and are being held, particularly tn an undeveloped state,
for the furtherance of private Interests, measures should be
taken to secure the reversion to the State, with a view to access
and development in the Interests of the community, by the State
More constructive measures must be adopted for the develop- .
ment of agricultural possibilities in British Columbia. Areas
held out of cultivation for speculative purposes, as well as undeveloped lands, should be dealt with. Soldier settlement schemes
have In a small way shown what can be done, and probably In
some cases what should not be done; but the idea of cooperative clearing and community settlement, with expert advice and financial assistance, U capable of mor* general adoption.
The stipulation of a property qualification for any public office
or franchise should be abolished.
The Federated Labor Party will support measures providing
for proportional representation with grouped constituencies.
Provision should be made for absolutely free and equal educational opportunities from the primary school to the university.
This Involves free text books and provision for Iho tuition of
ohlldren who cannot obtain aame In their immediate home '
Labor representatives have always been consistent advocates
of equal suffrage for women, and although this measure Is now
on tho statute books, there remains much to be done before
equality, economically and before the law, ls established. The
attitude of the Federated Labor Party on these questions will
at all times be found unequivocally ln favor.
War's wreckages and damages to the human element employed
should be a first charge on the community claiming such service. The problems of. the returned soldier are essentially the
same as.those of the other workers to whose ranks they have
now returned. Charity would be unknown ln any well-ordered
society. Cltfeens, whether men, women, or ohildren, who are.
unable through disability—economic, physical, or mental—to
provide for themselves, should be wards of the community by
right of citizenship.
Necessary hospitals should be provided and maintained by the
State, under the direction of a Publlo Health Department, which
should have power to institute and operate a system of free
medical and dental service, not on a charitable basis, but as
the recognized method of seeking io maintain the publlo health
as a matter of economic advantage to the whole community.
. The electors of British Columbia having so definitely decided
that Oovernment sate and control of liquor shall be the policy of
the province,.the Federated Labor Party, believing In the prin-1-:
clple of the referendum,, recognizes that a mandate has been
given to whatever government comes Into power, to legislate to
. that end. Under these circumstances lt will be our purpose, to ■
secure as effective and ,efficient control of the sale of lfquor
as possible. ». ■. '
The Federated Labor Party representatives will advocate that
liquor shall be sold at cost price, plus only overhead charges,.so
that no department of the government will receive revenue from
this source. \
Provision should also, be made which will secure the opportunity to the electors in each district or municipality to decide by
local option as to, whether there should be an establishment for
the sale of liquor within that district, ward, or municipality.
The principle of government control, now endorsed-In regard
to the sale of liquor, should also be extended to, food, and the
government should establish machinery for the distribution of
staple necessities at cost, plus overhead charges.
The Federated Labor Party is organized for the purpose of
securing Industrial legislation and tlio collective ownership ■
democratic operation of tlio means of wealth production.
Federated Labor Party Headquarters
P. L. P. HALL, 148 CORDOVA ST. W.        Phone Seymonr JM»1 FRIDAY....- novemner IS, 1880
Don't delay.   Come in tomorrow and
pick the coat you desire.   Our range-is    -
particularly well varied, including coata
of genuine Hudson's seal.
In a choice of shades—large collars, exquisite linings  » * $49.80
Large fur collars  _— $59.60
■   The finest quality of plush in most charming models ,..t......:..... __ $49.50
Very  comfy,   snappy  and  serviceable.
Only _ $35.00
Specially priced Travellers' Samples as
low as $29.50 '
NOTE:  Tou need only pay a small deposit and the balance on easy terms.
Oklahoma City—The tap In the
ranks of the "open shop" division
of the chamber ot commerce widened further whea labor's council
of notion circulated the chamber
list of alleged anti-labor firms.
The Indignant Oklahoma City
buslneaa men nxe protesting on ail
sides became thetr names were
used on the "open-shoppers'" list
ot membership without authority.
Be sure to notify the post offloe
aa soon as you change your address.
Boy at a unloa store.
Paris Diplomats Give the
Czechs Freedom of Big
*  Business
By John Slnu
(European  Correspondent" of  the
Federated Press)  '
Berlin.—-Teschen is one of the
frontier questions which was most
disputed by the diplomats, who put
their heads together ln Paris. In
this district Poles, Czechs and Germans work along side by side, hut
radical Interests were not the ones
which were being disputed. Teschen ls the heart of the coal and
Iron vein whloh runs from Upper
Silesia to Cracow, and all tha ad
lucent statea wanted lt
Qermany was defeated and
therefore, hy the Paris Interpret*
tlon of rights of peoples to dispose
of themselves, the Germans were
no longer taken lntp account here.
Thon oame the Poles. In all the
big Industrial cetnrea ot Eastern
Teschen, they are at least eighty
per cent of th* population. But
th* Poles were excluded becauae
they do not know the language of
big business. This left only th*
Czechs, who in most of the ooai districts in Eastern Techen represent
less than ten per cent, df the population. For these at least the am-
bassadora In Paris appeared, to
recognise their rights aa a minority.
Why this particular consideration
for the Czechs} The zig-zag line
discloses tbe Joker. The drat bump
in It permits Count Latlche, a Oerman coal baron, to keep not only
his mines, but also his large feudal
estate Intact   Ke lobbied in Paris
and lt Is whispered sprinkled small
concessions here and ther*.
Further south the line cuts
through all Polish territory. The
explanation for this is only apparent when it Is noted that the Cruo-
sots ln France have purchased
'smelters at Trzanowico and coal
mines (the best cooking coal in the
region) at Kravina, and therefore
want to keep their exploitations In
the same country.
The line sags again further south
and this time—always In all Polish -
populated territory—Includes a big
forest In the Czechish frontiers.
It might be mentioned ln pass.
Ing that Count de Manvllle, the representative of the Allies aa head ot
the Teschen commission, has suddenly come Into possession of large
lumber concessions In Teschen and
now has embarked In the lumber
business. His forests too have been
placed by the ambassador** decision on the Czech side.
All these rich concessions which
may tickle the national pride of
Czechs who look only at the map
and the text of published treaties
are of about the aame value to th*
Czechs a* ttl* estates of absentee
landlords In Ireland have been to
the Irish. Neither Cruosot nor
feudal Barons ar* Interested In the
development of Czecho-Slovakla,
nor of Poland aa auch. They are
even less Interested In the people,
other than aa workmen, th* necessary Instruments of big production
for foreign ooupon cutters.
Wbea the peoples of that region,
now separated hy new frontiers and
by artificially erected radial hatreds, wake up, they will discover
that th* freedom brought from
Paris I* th* freedom ot Bit Buslneaa to further enslave them. Perhapi then they will ahow th* earn*
determination to break out of th*
new chains aa they did to. break out
of these of the old monarchists.
Hand th* Fed. to yonr ahopmat*
when tou are through with It
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers and tall them why yon do so.
It is time to call a halt
on the policy of reckless
borrowing and extravagant
expenditure which marks
the career of the Liberal
Government at Victoria.
In the four years of Liberal rule the net debt of
British Columbia has been increased from—
$19,000,000 to $34,000,000
The salaries of officials under the present Oliver
Government total $3,202,482, as compared with
salaries of $1,664,222 as paid under the Conservative rule of 1916.
Remember these faets when you
east your ballot on
Straight Conservative
which has behind it a platform of Sound Economy and a Sane
and Progressive Business Policy.
■■■ ******   ' '. -  .       . fl
Dominion HaU, MONDAY, Nov. 15th
Speakers—HON. W. J. BOWSER, K. C, Miss Edith Paterson,
Capt Geo. Black, Mr! S. L. Howe, Dr. J. W. Mahan, Lieut.-Col.
J. W. Warden.
American Negro Accepts
This Somewhat Hum-
,]?    orous Position
Marcus Garvey, a.negro of Jamaica, ls the latest of presidents
without a country, and ao tar aa
we know, without a flag.
Aa the biographer's would say,
he started In humble circumstances
and destiny gradually draw him
toward the great work for which
he was fitted.
•< Af tint he collected a large aura
of money ln little amounts from
negroes to flnanco the Black Star
Steamship Company. This grew
Into the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
A large oonvention was held In
New Tork recently, when Garvey
appeared as the peerless leader ln
grand robes of olllce, and the least
th* convention could do waa to
elect him president of Africa.
Be and th* association af* on
record against radicalism in Amer-
Ilea and ar* standing by th* Republican party. But at th* aam*
tlm* overtures are mad* to Rus.
•ia, India and sundry other countries for aid In restoring th* la-
dependence ot Africa,
The movement probably does
not signify anything mors than
Carrey's ability to capitalize th*
unrest among negroes here. It la
humorous or pathetlo according t*
the attitude we hav* on fundamental Justice and who ahould
have It—Exchange.
Climax Beached in
Shipyard Trouble
(Continued from page 1)
Jury Finds Tham Guilty of Grind*
nal Anarchy—Judge Con.
gratulatoa Jury
(By the Federated Preaa)
New Tork—.Congratulating the
Jury which pronounced the verdiot
of guilty on Charles Ruthenberg
and Isaac E. Ferguson, who have
been up for trial on th* charge of
criminal anarchy, Judg* Barton S.
Weeks, of the supreme court ot
New Tork county, sentenced the
two Communists to live yeara at
hard  labor in  Sing  Sing.    This
frikkes the third time in the laat
year that Judge Week* haa sent
up Communists indicted on a similar   charge.    Under   hts  ruling,
'Benjamin Gltlow and James Lar-
- tin were aentenoed to flv* to tn
■■i)» , ; - • ■
..'.. Labor ls contesting eleven con*
, stltuenciea In this eleotlon. Every
i worker Is urged to get behind them
! kiiu piece them when they can b*-
'Wots orgunaura for th* ovorthrow-
'.ng of UU present capitalistic system of wealth prouuotion. The
candldatea an:
Vancouver-^. Richardson. W.
R. Trotter, J. a Woodsworth.
Victoria—d. D. McDonald, W. C.
Dewdney—Dr. W. J. Curry,
Nutioimo—T. A. Barnard.
Ati.n—George Casey.
Slocan—A. H, Smith.
South Vancouver—R. H. Neelanda.
Kictrtnond—Charles Cassidy.
Rossland—George W. Dingwall.
Besidea these J. H. Burrough of
Prince Rupert and Sam Guthrie of
Newcastle, running as Labor candidates are endorsed by the F, L.
The next big need In the campaign Is funds. Send tor a laid
election campaign bond at once.
i hey are to be 'obtained from the
F. L. P. Campaign Committee at
MS Cordova street west, in denominations of 11, |2 and |5. They
.till Ho sent postpaid to any locally, and the funds used for propaganda ln the conetltuency from
which the funds come. Make this
a' big effort to elect.
- A big rally will be held In the
Dominion Hall this (Friday) evening at 8 sharp. Another will be
held in the Colonial on Sunday.
Dr. W. J. Curry will speak in loco
this evening.
There ia all kinds ot work to be
■lone during the ca'tppalgn. If you
want' help get in touch with the
headquarters, phone Sey. 8491.
Et you live In an outside'constituency, end can arrange for a meeting or distribute platfoifns and
leaflets for th* candidate in that
riding, write to 148 Cordova Btreet
west, and you will be put busy.
This Is going to be made a real
campaign If you will help. But
don't forget the funds. Campaign
oommlttee meets every evening.
Headquarters are open all day.
Saturday Evening Social
A social evening will be held
this Saturday evening, In the F. L.
Kliall. Admission free. The special
.features are a moving picture show
itltlcd "When Dad Eloped," and
lance. ' The party haa secured a
no player, and this will be kept
In action, during the show and for
Wr dances after, the show. Bring
•Mir friends. No political speeches.
' *'      Labor Sunday School
ll Does your boy or girl attend the
ttifpor   school?    It   meets   every
■i—tdny afternoon at 1:46 p.m. in
, (ITS' F. L, P. hall.
"■' <■
6,t.. Open Forum
< a Jas. Boult will be tho speaker at
pie- F. L P. Forum next Sunday
tffrrnoon at 8 p.m. Mrs. Course
cr&ited a good Impression last
Sunday with a very intei'estlnlg
talk. Don't mlaa these meeting.
Admission free.
J. L. L. Social
..The Junior Labor League will
hold Its regular monthly social noxt
Friday evening, Nov. 19, at 929
Eleventh avenue east. The qlass
In Industrial History will meet as
usual at 7:39, at the same place.
Wlilst Drivo ond Dance
Tho F. L. P. will hold a whist
drive and dance In tho Cotillion
halt, Friday, Nov. 20. Same prices,
better prizes, wonderful orehostrn
and a real good soclablo time.
'Huy a campaign' bond. Sell It to
a friend and thon come round for
to wir* the minister of Marine that
th* men expected th* government
to par tha wagea du*. Thla action
was taken In view of a telegram
received by th* loeal Board of
Trade fr'om Ottawa, ln which it
was stated 'that if th* contractors
defaulted on the contract, the government would step in and complete the ships. Th* situation for
the great majority .of tbe employees Is' desperate. Th* local
buainess element hav* cashed so-
many of the tlm* check* before
th* shot-down came that thoy at*
ln a poor plight also, and ln self-
defence are compelled to refuse to
do so any longer*. If Immediate
relief Is not forthcoming, there are
likely to be stirring thingi doing
here. The time haa gone past
when men will starve quietly. At
the time of writing, the men are
waiting for a reply to the wire
Oaa*y for Atitn
At the last meeting of th* Council, the candldatur* of Geo, Casey
for the Atlin constituency, was endorsed. As previously reported, a
Labor convention, held In th* Mclntyre hall, an the 29th Inst had
aelected J. H. Burrough as the
candidate to contest th* Prince
Rupert riding ln the Interests of
Labor, on th* platform of th* Socialist Party of Canada. The
council voted fit to eaeh ot th*
campaign committees, and th* hall
waa placed free at the disposal of
th* looal Labor campaign commit.
tee on every night on whloh It
might be vacant
The Increasing us* of th* hall
has madt.lt necessary to get more
seating accommodation, and eight
dosen folding chairs were ordered.
Th* use ot the hail for boxing exhibitions was again refused; 880
paid for the use of the hall by Ur.
McKay, for the purpoeee of holding
th* Labor oonvention, was voted to
th* Labor campaign • committee,
that body having assumed all expenses of the meeting, which resulted ln the nomination of th* assistant secretary. ,
Post Ofllce TVoubte
Th* conduot of th* post ofllce at
Anyox In holding up registered
mail addressed to a delegate, was
discussed, and ordered reported ta
the post ofllce Inspector. Th* soo-
retary-treasurer was ordered to get
a 810 book of organisation fund
stamps from tha general saentary.
The proposal to vote funds tor
the two candidates In th* field
aroused a • discussion aa- to the
right of the council to vote money
for any purpose, In view of the
fact that th* majority of th* mem*
bershlp were not In the city, and
unable to attend th* meetings.
Then are about 400 resident membera and over1 100* outside. The
genera] opinion was that
amendment to th* constitution was
necessary limiting th* power of the
oouncll to vote anything over 8100
without th* consent of th* whole
The financial atatement for tho
month of October shows receipts
aa followa: Duea, 8874; fees, $88;
other, source*, 8285.60; total expenditures, 81082.58; bank balance.
8888.72. The council has cleared
og all Its old debts.
nw Premier Mlno Case
. -Further unexpected delay has
arisen ln connection with tho
abc\e. At the time of th* last
mention In this paper, It was fully
expected that the claimants would
get the money they were suing for
(or 15 per cent, as agreed upon),
but the lawyer tor the company la
now adopting auch an attitude at*
makea lt Imperative that the cast
go to court for settlement It will
be heard about the end of the present month. Few replies have been
received from the claimants in response to the request that they
forward their ptesent addresses u
Prince Rupert If this meets thu
eye of any such, they ar* requested
to do So immediately.
Have your shoes repaired by us*   We guarante* all work and;
thty will be d*llv»r*d on tlm*.
The O.B.U. Shop
Jut Off Haitingi ft. Phone M 95*
Sydney, N. 8. W.—With the of.
flclal cloning of tho war, the pool
syatem of marketing products In
Australia, instituted by the Federal
(Commonwealth) government, Is
at an end, and the farmers were
In danger' of being thrown back to
the tender mercies of the middlemen grain sharks.
But as soon as tho New South
Wales Labor government was elected, It instituted a system for the
pooling of the great* supplies of
the farmers, under which the Labor government will sell tho grain
for the farmers, thereby eliminating the middlemen brokers.
I j'ouh
And BUT from US beoause
we treat you right. We
give you the best goods
ln every line—for Bedroom, Living Boom, Dining Room, Hall, Stairs
or Kitchen—we can nt
you up throughout on tho
you can wlah for. It is a
pleasure to deal whllfis.
We make things go ensy
for you,
416 MAIN ST. I
^^g|!Op|H>sltt' City llulllHBJ
rs and anrveyoR
The B.C. School of Pharmacy k Science
Crown BaMa* 615 PENDER ST. W. tt-mStf.im
A separate Department to glvs PRACTICAL training ta (tat-
peotors, Assayers and Surveyors baa been established In th*
abov* Institution.
Any man who has ambition t* Improve Ms p**ltt*a will find th*
opportunity her*.
Thaa* an- PRACTICAL coursee for PRACTICAL man by PRACTICAL Lecturers. It Is net merely th»»r»tfo*l work whlsh eould
be obtained from booka.        •
Th* department la In charge ef Mr. Stanley Foulds and Mr. B.
T. Wilson, D.L.8., who hav* spent many years at th* work.
For particulars writ* or call an th* Principal. P. t. BAM
KOTO—is » proof ef ear mutate, tto fsDewlag leeaHs were eMataai Ir ns .
duriii Uu past ysart 1st plasela ttt B. O. Lead hmns' Ilasl; 1st
plue ia B. 0. tul Sunyeis' Pnllsdasn; 1st plow la B. O. Oalv. Anlbd
Menu Bal; 1st plew ta B. 0. Mlnu eat Baler Matausr; 1st nlau-B.
O. Law Preilmlairy.
for Twtaty Tests w* hare baaed IWs Vataa attmt) Hr ss* antie ear    .
ora fTAMr nnrau.
retMfil OeUseMie Bergslalag
tnetta But stttkas eait t-ieata
—• — -" - ^_   a ifcia«iiiu
PUHW B^MM Wm wnmil
Study MblBM sad SUM 1
r MIdms sa* SUM We
_Jt Dsmrlee te Dsauts and
Paste uA SiceMS Is Warssn sad
FmperUr ef Ihee Ktklaf -
fltlMs tmly, Oeaetsl fteeldsat.   Marks _ Batta, Os—
When you go to tar • patr of ahow do
you Insist on seeing tk* lab*IT Wh*n
you come to this store ran ean get just
th* aho* you wnnt and it will hav* th*
try in ihb mora time
The Ingledew Shoe Company
"Union-Matte Pootwasr*
D. K. Book
137 Hastings St West
And as an introduction, and to get acquainted with hii
new Daylight Olothing Store, he ia going to aell pn«
thousand suits, regular $80.00 and $36.00 value, for $25.00.
1000 Suits at $25
Let's holp you to dross better and pay less.   That's our business.
And it's your business to get the most for your monoy.
Better Suits and Overcoats
Goodness, Worth, and D. K Book Excellence stamped oa
every garment.
"Correct Clothes"
137 Hastings St. West
Opposltf Province Ofllce PAGE EIGHT
twelfth ybar. mo. 46    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver,
FRIDAY .......November 11, 198!
Boys' Department---Second Floor
Greatest Legitimate
Etct Held in Canada
We tay this is the greatest-LEGITIMATE BALE of
Men's and Boys' Wearing Apparel ever held in
Canada with assurance. We have been intimately
associated with the olothing business of Canada for
years and have never known of such a sensational
selling of high-grade merchandise at these tremendous reductions. There is no need of our emphasizing the quality of this merchandise. Those of you
who have resided in Vanoouver during the past ten
years are acquainted with the enviable reputation
of which this store is so pi end.
For those who are new to Vancouver, we need only
mention a few of those lines of merchandise which
we stock to convince you of its unusual worth-
Hart Schaffner & Mars Clothes; Manhattan Shirts;
Kenneth Durward Overcoats; Stetson, Borsalino,
Crofut-knapp Hats; Holeproof Hosiery; Penman's
and Wolsey's Hose; Oeetee, Woolset, Viking and
Stanfield's Underwear, and many other equally
favorably-known lines of merchandise. As usual, it
wUl be sold with the absolute guarantee of satisfaction or your money cheerfully refunded.
Men's Suits Reduced to $22.50
Tou haven't seen such values since the war. These ar*
beautiful Suits, in all the latest weaves and patterns. Pure
wool, of course. Splendidly tailored; the last word in style.
Young men's models as well as the more conservative
style. Distinctly good value evon when formerly priced
as high as 130.00. _O0  t_(\
Sale price  ***•* «<«U
Men's Suits Reduced to $34.50
Dressy, superfine Suits that you usually find well up In the
price region. Elogant cut in soft, pure wool. Exclusively
tailored, with hang and style you only see In high-class
goodB. The sweeping reductions made here bring these
aristocratic suits to a price well within reason. All formerly priced as high as M5 and (50. *_"_A.  *__
Men's Oeetee Underwear
Reduced in Price
Dressy men know and appreciate
Ceetee Underwear. They will appreciate lt even more at its reduced
price. Beautiful, soft, fine, pure
wool, which fits the body just so,
yet gives to your every movement.
No rumplng, . pulling, stretching,
shrinking or going hard after
washing. . Always soft and comfortable. Sale price,
the garment 	
Sale price,
Bale price .
Men's Stanfield Underwear
The famous Canadian Underwear
of all pure wool. Body shaped, unshrinkable; cannot pull, drag or
stretch. Reductions on Red and
Blue Label Garments. Red Label,
formerly priced as high fl» •! Q C
as 13.75.   Sale price T * *******
Blue Label^ formerly priced as high
at 14.50, sale &tn  «re
price   Vfce / O
All Wool Overcoats Reduced to $19.50
You'll find all models at this price-breaking figure. Distinctive Raglans, In thick, fine, pure wool, showing the
characteristic, loose lines. Young models with wide skirts,
nnd the motorist's double-breasted Ulster. Splendidly
tailored. All formerly priced'as high as
130.00.   Sale price 	
Men's Heavy Coat
Sweaters Reduced to
*K clear saving of over $3
on heavy weight pure wool
Coat Sweaters. Knitted in
a heavy rope stitch. Lock-
ed seams, double ribbed,
close fitting, elastic cuffs,
strong pockets. A splendid bargain for the man
who is out of doors. All
colors. Formerly priced
high as 112.50.
Sale price
Caps Reduced to $1.55
They're the newest Caps
of the season. Showing all
the newest shades; new
one-piece top and unbreakable poalc. All formerly priced as high as JS.
price ...
Hart Schaffner ft Marx Overcoats Reduced to $35
Now this is SOME reduction, Vou know, every man knows
tho superior elegance, the handsome richness of HART
SHAFFNER & MARX OVERCOATS, The inimitable lines,
the masterly tailoring, the positive distinction radiated hy
these wonderful coats. We've practically halved the
price. AH formerly priced as high as
<60.    Sale price 	
Copyright »•» Bait Schaffner &Mar*
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys
Patronize Fod. advertisers.
W. E. Fenn's School
Phone.: Sey. 101—Soy, 3068-O
Social Dances Monday, Wedneiday and Saturday.
British Government Notifies Amer.
Jean Censor* What 1'amplilcts
Hindoos Must Not Read.
(By the Federated Press)
Simla India-—The British Government iitf India has prescribed
the following pamphlets published
in America; and has given ordera
to all censors that not one copy
must enter India:
"British Terror in India," byt Su-
rendfci Karr, published by tho Hindustan Oadar Parly, 5 Wood street,
Sun Francisco". **
"The Labor Revolt ln India," by
B. K. Roy, .published by thc
Friends of Freedom for India, 7
East Fifteenth street, New York
"Excusable Massacres and Atrocities," a reprint from tho Gaelic
American of July 8, New Yorlt
Put a one-cont stamp on  thli
paper and mall It to a friend.
Where is your Union button?
Wants Immediate Repayment of American Loue
to Polish Govt'
(By the Federated Press)
Now York—An appeal to American citlsens to demand action by
the Wilson administration looking
to Immediate . repayment of ull
moneys loaned to the Polish government us a manifest of American
horror ut the antl-Semeue pr
Krummes in that country, hae been
made by Dudley Field Malonc,
Farmer-Labor candidate for governor,
"This is perpetrated by the government which the Wilson administration secretly aupported to the
extent of at least 172,000,000 In
cash, and 168,000,000 worth of
military equipment to carry on an
offensive warfare on Russian soil
against the Russian people.
'This is the government, the
government of Dmowskl, Pilsudskl
and Grabski, which Woodrow
Wilson, personally, In Paris acknowledged to the world as a government flt to be received Into the
League of Nations that rejects the
elected government of the Irish
Republic, and refuses to hear the
claims of the' representatives of
the oppressed people of Korea, of
Egypt and of India, and whieh
turns over more than 40,000,000
defenceless people In Shantung to
the Imperialists and militarist
government of Japan."
Waahington-r-Plans of the general staff of the army to train a
permanent force of two million
men, fn annual classes, on the
Prussian principle, were announced
on the eve of the presidential election, at a time when they would
arouse a minimum of protests.
Henceforth, the' faet that protest
was not heard will be cited as proof
that the American people want an
army of colossal size.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Workers Are Given Choice of Repudiating Radical Leaders
or Will Close Down.
Philadelphia—With the announcement that 125,000 textile
workers of this city will find them
selves out of work uneltfs they "repudiate their radical leaders,"
which has been made by J. L.
Benton, managing director of the
Philadelphia Textile Manufacturers Association, the opening.guns
have been fired in the bitter antl-
un on war which Philadelphia employers are waging against Labor.
"The time has come when the
manufacturers in Philadelphia's
700 textile mills wh ch employ
225,000 workers are ready now to
throw off the yoke of radical
unionism In America's . greatest
textile centre," Benton declared,
"The manufacturers are now In a
position to do this. During the war
they were not. Forty thousand
workers have already been' dropped."
Campaign Opened
at the Empress
(Continued from page 1)
Will  Do  Without U. S.
Recognition   Until
Tide Turns
.(By the Federated Press)
Washington—(Washington Bureau) -^Recognition of the :■ New
Mexican government by. the American state department ls now reported to. he mysterlcally "conditional" upon the same old issue:
Will the Mexican people abrogate
their constitution, and thereby surrender the oil .resources of tho nation to American oil companies?
Unofficial' spokesmen of the Obregon party, here this week, declare that 'Mexico will go serenely
along, .preferring to hold her oil
and do wjthout the doubtful advantage of recognition for a while.
They believe that the American
people.will presently wake up to
the fact that If this robbery can be
consummated upon the Mexican
nation today!' tt can be Inflicted ln
greater degree upon the American
people tomorrow by the samo predatory alliance of business and
standpat-pplltlcs, Mexico, then,
will wait for a turn ln the political
tide in the United States.
There will be no surrender of the
Mexican constitutional , principle
that the minerals beneath the surface of the ground belong to the
duetion on a working class platform and In a short and Vigorous
address, presented a clear conception of the . position the workers
had to adopt ln relation to the adjustment.of the- social relations of
production and distribution if they
had any desire to get out of the
system of wage-slavery, under
which they functioned today.
j. Smith also dealt with the development of capitalism and the
effects of the struggle for markets
and the periodical crisis of overproduction  	
Questions regarding the status of
J. H. H. Hawthornthwalte ln the
revolutionary movement and the
attitude of the party towards Proportional Representation were fired g J VION CONOENTRATP4S
out of the body of the hall after
the speakers had got through,
and  both  questions received  ade-
rT",HE wonderful results
r of water scientifically
applied    in    your    case
would surprise you.
Dr.W.Lee Holder
Hours 1 to 5 and   by  appointment.
A Teacher of Drugksv
Sey. 8533 Bay. 4028ft;
quate explanations from the platform.
The  first  two  meetings of the
campaign    have    been    held, and
'■might be considered as very successful ones.
The large audience that faced
the six candidates at the Empress
on Sunday night last showed a
keen appreciation of the Socialist
party's entry Into this election,
which augurs well for .the conduct
and success of the campaign.
On Monday at the Domln'on Hall
a fair-sized  audience  gathered  to
hear the message    of the revolu-
. tionists.     Five'    sound     addresses
. were delivered, and in the last half
; hour a number of questions were
i asked and answered satisfactorily.
'     Other meetings have    boen ar-
' rnneed,    and  will    be advertised
Nevt Sunday the speakers at tho
; Emnrefs will be J, D. Harrington,
Chris Stephenson    and  J.  Sm'th;
chairman, S.* Enrp,
A great meeting Is expected.
Come early for good seats.
10 DAYS'
OUR entiro "stnclt  of    MEN'S,    WOMEN'S    AND
drastically rodneed in price to enable us to unload quickly. This will givo yon an opportunity to buy
warm winter clothing at a fraction of ltd real value.
A small deposit* secures any garment—pay tho balance
as you wenr tho clothes.
Men's Suits       ladies' Coats
Smart styles In
brown mixtures. Reft.
180.00.  sale  price—
Made of good wear*
ing  cloths,  In stylet
for boys of all ages.
Bale prices from—
$8.50 Up
In plush and olher
high-grade materials,
'exclusive styles,
many fur trimmed.
Sale prices range
$45 to $150
In same styles and
fabric as mother's,
clearing from—
$8.60 to $25.00
Goods valuo 120,
$6.00 down,
$1.00 wuklr*
Goods-nine $40,
$7.50 down,
$1.50 mkly.
Ooods ™iuo $60,
$10.00 down.
$2.00 weekly.
Don't Fail
to See
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
This Is the day of the specialist,
and there are now few lines of
human activity in which we do not
find experts concentrating their
energies on distinct branches,
Mr. E. J. Vion, thc well-known
local contractor, who has just completed the construction of the
Broadway Cafe at 105 Hastings St.
B. for Mr. N. Kogo, may be accurately described as aa expert In the
restaurant interior department of
The completion of tho Broadway
marlcs the thirty-fourth restaurant
interior wholly or partly Installed
hy Mr. Vion. As foreman for the
Hudson's Bay Company, he carried
out the Instructions of a New York
expert In the building of that company's beautiful dining room and
kitchen. Subsequently, in buslneas'
for himself, he did all or part of
the interior construction on many
of Vancouver's leading cates.
Mr. ■ Vion has no doubt that ln
the Broadway is to be found the
finest example of restaurant interior work in tho city of Vancou-
I ver from a sanitary standpoint, not
to speak of the artistic superiority
of the decorative scheme. In the
kitchen, you can go over every
square inch of space without finding a corner in which dirt may
lodge. All tables, benches, etc., nre
movable, and a peculiarity of the
construction " Is that positively
every shelf in the kitchen cun be
easily and thoroughly washed. This
principle is carried into the construction of the Broadway's 70-foot
counter. The backs of the shelves
underneath, whero waiters
wont to put greasy dishes or waste
which become lost and create filth,
are ingeniously built with spaces
left so that if these things are
wrongfully placed on the shelves
they fall to the floor and are easily
But probably it Is ln the unique
principle employed in the construction of the Broadway's refrigerator
system thot Mr, Vion demonstrates
that he Is In a class by himself as
a restaurant Interior expert. It has
been shown in-splte of the fact that
the refrigerator had contained ice
for six days, the walls of the storeroom were entirely dry. Mr. Vion
explains that the reason for this
Is the fact that the Ice-room Is constructed with two air spaces, which
prevents the meeting of the
warm outer air and the cold Inner
air from causing condensation and
moisture. Tho valuable feature ls
that a dry left room means no fermentation  of meats, etc.
Mr. Vion designed and carried
out the entire interior and exterior
decorative scheme of the Broadway, and the.result shows the hand
of the artist. He exceeded the
contract price by some $200 out of
his own pocjtet, and explains that
he did this as a mark of appreciation of Mr. Kogos' conduct towards
htm during the years of their business relations, Advt.
Montreal, Canada—F. C. Hurley,
the mayor of Astoria, Ore., speaking before the Kiwanis Club of
Montreal, urged the Introduction
and employment of Chinese laborers to Canada and the United States
for' agriculture, building and other
constructive work. A straw vote"
among the members of the club
showed 111 members favoring the
proposal and five against,
Olve a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
H. Walton
Specialist   In    Electrical    Treatments,
Violet Ray tnd High Frequency for
Rheumatism,  Sciatica,  Lumbago, Far-
•trail,  Hair   and   Hcalp   Treatment*,
Chronic Ailments.
Pbone  Seymour 2048
IM Haitingi Street W«t.
We'll Say So
Exceptional style distinguishes this men's boot of brows
and black gunmetal, Goodyear ivclt construction,:j\rith
leather or rubber heels; union-made.
Oklahoma City—The Oklahoma
Leader, which already has tho
backing: of many unions, was on*
dorsed by 12,000 miners, mombers
of District 21, United Mine Workers of America at the special convention held ln Muskogee.
A resolution adopted by the
convention declares the Leader Ib
"the only daily published in the
southwest which champions the
rights ot ths tollers," and calls on
miners to support the paper financially and morally to the fullest
extent of their ability.
Where la your union button?
Support Soldier Labor Ouidldati
Tho Grand Army of the Unit
Veterans are to hold a meeting
the George's Ilall on Friday nlgl
in support of the.. Soldier Lab
candidate, Mr. Sloan. The meeti
will commence promptly at 8.
Moses Cotsworth
will  disclose  his  facts In th
Dominion Hall, Nov. 22 and 3
Special Sale
Quality Clothes
Everything reduced from 10 to 50 per cent.
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Stock Reducing
Everything Selling for Less!
Real Reductions
Real Savings
Sale Price $23.75 Sale Price $24.95
Sale Price $29.75 Sale Price $27.45,
Sale Price $33.75 Sale Price $33.85
Sale Price $39.50 Sale Price $38.65
AO Furnishings
Reduced 10%
Excepting Collars
Corner of Homer and Hastings Streets


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