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The British Columbia Federationist May 2, 1919

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official rim- tiMootrrait -minis amd labo* oounoh, ami b. a btobhatiom cwj*abob
{tame Aspects of the Situation in the Old
^Striking Examples of the
Value of Industrial
With .very movement there io-
'relopei an opposition, that eventually ll rtrept aside. To the 0. p.
0. movement then ll an opposition
Inilde Ihe ♦»<!» «nlo-u, this opposition will have t* be swept aside, ae
la all easea where opposition Itands In
the way et progress. In many eaiei
opposition is honest and ilneore, this
li Vecauie the men opposing do not
understand the movoment, and its
■aussi, tlie following eommenti by
Leland Olds Ib the Hatlos on the
Temper of British Labor, may give
lome enlightenment to the sincere
ippouenti ol the new movement,
md assist them. In forming an opinion tn keeping with the timet. In
dealing with the mibjoot Ur. Olds;
iayi, that "enly im the great organisations composing tt» Triple Alli-
ineo, eould one tnd anything approaching Industrial unionism, he
.hen goes on to say "But the Ing-
iish Industrial iltuatlon prior to the
war was really an anarchroniim.
High-ipeed modem lnduitry was
maichlng ei. aad the productivity
ef Britiah laser wai falling far be-
HWnd that ef each nations as tjer*
Jmany and the United States. The
Iwar, with its toemendom appetlti
■for the products of great munitions
Iplanti, forced the iseue. It offered
[the employing elass a plausible ex-
for bringing English Industry
i date, tmder the guile ef pat-
liotina the Bmplojreri1 Association
ealled unon the trade unions to iur-
tender all the eoneenlons whieh had
I been forced from employen by a
I feneration ef hard-driven bargain!.
Beth eMee knew that this would be
1 a dangerous Uow te the eraftuniou
movement, that it would eauie the
•killed worker tt sink back Into the
great aaa ef tke unprivileged, and
unprotected proletariat. As a remit,
tho employers were unable te ae-
lomplish tlieir purpoie except
through the agenoy of government
He then goei en te give a fore*
east u te what ia happening ln
England today, and eays, (to change
muit havt eome Inevitably in the
tourse ef lean, for the automatic
machine will aot be galniaid. The
lay ef the neat maohine proletariat
le eoming. But the war and the employees' war legislation haye hast
Med the process In England.
Tha Munitions Aet, dubbed the
"Slave Aet" by British workers,
marks net only the decline of British trade unionism, but alio tho beginning of aew organization along
industrial lines aiming more and
sore clearly at the conquest of in
dustry by the workers. Hardly was
the aot signed bofore tho miners
atruck In delance of the law, and
tecured nationalization of the mines
for tho period of the war. Certain
shipyard workers defied the "Slave
Act" and went to prison. The
threat of a genoral strike in tho industry brought about their relosse,
and the investigation which followed secured the elimination ef the
Imprisonment clauso in the Ht,
Meanwhile Ihe ihop committees
had begun a new Integration of labor. Tlie shop iteward had been a
minor official ef tke craft organization, attonding limply to petty adjustments botweon members tf hii
eraft and the shop foreman. But a
eommlttet ef shop stowards censed
to be a eraft organisation, and a
delegated worki committee of then
•hop steward! repreiented many
erafti in a given industry. Here
was the nucleus of a new industrial
organisation. Thc workeri no longor
looked to the trade-union eiecutivei
to attend te their intereiti. The
Clyde itrlke ln the spring of 1016
wai organized and led by one of
then new committees of loop itew-
ards. Employors, trade-union executives, and the government all recognized the menace, and presented a
united front againet this unauthorised movoment, The new committee
wob arrested and depot ted. But labor was merely antagonized, and the
new organisation was copied widely
throughout England.
In the spring of 1917, deipite the
demands of a erltioal military offensive, an important section of the mu.
(Continued on page t)
Crtiifibversjr Over Flume
in Order to Sidetrack
Jingoes   Afr»'d^«t\* *e
.-&&&&■- «*
\i^Ztmt War
We aro glad tt see that at lait
Ur, Wilson's patience has given out
he has takon the step which
many of us Would have been glad
to iee him take somo months ago.
Politely, but unmistakeably, be haa
announced that the secret treaty of
London plays no part In his calculations.
We aro told by oable that "Italy"
il In an uproar and that demonstrations are taking plaoo in tho streets.
We aro intended to believo that this
uproar consist! of the great Italian
people protecting againat Mr. Wilton. Perhaps it does. But—
Ten days ago the Italian embassy
issued au official atatement to the
effect that Italy wae on tho verge
of revolution. Tho eoal situation ia
desperate; faotorles are closing down
for lack ef fuel, food is scarce.
"Most towns hav« meat only at Intervals of several weeks. It is fear-
ed," said tho embassy, "that the
Bussian tragedy may be repeated!"
In the midst of this really serious
situation, what have the Italian delegates to the poaco conference dono I
Have they asked for coal and fuel!
Not at all. Have they asked for
foodt No, they merely blockaded
the food supplies of Serbia, but thero
la no indication that these were used
by the hungry peoplo of Italy.
They have asked for none of the
things that the peasants and workers ot Italy really need. They have
merely kept harping on the desire
of Italy'i capitalists to control the
terminal oities through which Austria and Jugoslavia seek iho tea.
the Enslaved peoplos; Italy tunu
from, righteous indignation againat
Hungary with tha markedly selfish
demand that sho be made Hungary 'i
successor as exploiter.
Italy! Not eo; but the business
Jingoes of Italy. In order to gain
their ehanoe to profiteer from the
South Slavs, they have for months
sabotaged the Peaco Conference,
putting ofl the day whon the indus*
tries of thoir own country might re
sumo and.support the life of Italy's
What is going on now in Italy t
We know that for the past ten days
the eensor has been busily guarding
news from that -direction. Have tho
workers of that eountry really been
stirred with national Indignation
agalnit Woodrow Wilson f Or aro
they stirred with another kind of In
dignation against their own diplo
mats! In tho courso of time this
will becomo clearer than it is at pre*
sont.—Seattle Union Record.
Janitors Union
Two* meetings of the Janitors and
Elevator Attendant* Union will be
held in the Labor Templo on Monday, May 6. The afternoon meeting will be held at * p.m. nnd tho
ovening meeting at 8 p.m.
Profiteers to Use Movies
to Depict Awf ulness of
Hi*,* busineu ll eut gunning aftor
labor with movies.
Tho story purchased by the Thoa.
H. luce Corporation from the Sat*
urday Evening Post, has fer its
thome "Americanism," and is being produced at tho request ond ex*
pence of big business.
The Btory in fluestion Is no lovel*
td at anarchy of the doed, nor tho
philosophy of anarchy. The picturo
is designed .to handicap the work
ef organizing wage earners for their
twn protection sod improvement. It
Is designed tt aUSi'the labor organ
Izrr a diaagrtewlc* unlovely, -dangerous cjlmlaal penon, especially
to children it wago earners. Evory
labor organisation ihould aet on this
matter and union members should
notify theater manager! ln thoir
neighborhood they will not consider
iuch propaganda aa friendly to
Will Speak Upon Social
Unrest and Problem of
This ii the time when every
thinking man and woman il endeavoring to see ahead, and the ipeakor
will show what must bo dono to
remove discontent.
General satisfaction was expressed Inst Sunday with tho change of
locution of party meetings, and In
spite of the fact that tho ehange
Hungary has emoted tribute froraj-liad not been announced the previ-
Descended to the Lowest
Depths in the Seattle
Perhaps the most sinister story
that has come out of the Seattle
strike is tho account of the work of
tho "Minute Men" told in dotail
by Kenneth Macgowan in the New
York Tribune, Formed during the
war to make patriotism compulsory
tn Washington,, the Minute Men de-
v*loped a highly Sorgani zed spy system based, uccording to the statement of its chiof, on the German
syBtem of domestic espionage. Hin-
uto Men spies permeated every
branch of the labor bodies of tho
oity. Pickpockets were utilized to
search crowds aud meetings for
weapons. Spies reported - the
speeches at the organization meeting of the Workmen's, Soldiers' and
Sailors' Council, and succeeded in
bringing about tho arrest of one of
the speakers. The Minute Men descended to the lowest depths of espionage by using the agent provocateur. Kenneth Macgowan reports
an official of tho organisation as
saying,'' We had a man on the committee that drew up the constitution of the couneil (Workmen's, Soldiers' aud Sailors'), and when ho
got through they had a document
that would have sent to the penitentiary any man who pat his name
to it." If the government were not
so busy at its own game of spying
and Bolshevik-baiting we might suggest that this is one article of German make that might well be sub*
joct to permanent embargo} we want
no Prussian eepionago systom in this
country. Used as a weapon of domestic terrorism it is bound to create an atmosphere of warfare and
a bitter clash of loyalties In our
own eountry, and mako enemies of
mere dissenters. Distrust breeds distrust, just as atrocities brood thc
equal horror of reprisals. It is on*
coursging to note that tho depart
teent of justice has at least refused
to co-oponite with private organizations for ospiomigo, and Attorney
Goneral Palmor deserves thanks for
hii statement that such espionage
"is entirely at variance with, our
theories of govornment." It is to
be hoped that his repudiation will
dampen the enthusiasm of the preservers of Prussianism In America,
'—The Nation.
ous Sunday tho attendance was still
more gratifying.
On his way down to Fernio, E. T.
Kingsley will address meetings at
Bevelstoke, Silverton and Nelson,
getting to Fornio for the big May
Day celobratibn. He will be back on
the coast again to speak at -the
Victoria meoting on  Sunday.
Begular monthly meeting of Vancouver local will bo held on Tuesday, May 0, at headquarters. Several officers have left the eity and
these placos have to bo filled and
some new committees elected at this
A new arrival on the Pacific
Coast is Mr. Thos. Richardson, nn
er-M, P. of the British Labor Party,
who with his family will probably
take up permanent residence in
Vancouvor. Delegatea to the 1915
convention will remember that Mr.
Biehardson was a visitor on that
occasion. He later again visited
British Columbia seeking cosl miners for Britain, and had au opportunity of seeing still more of tha
Contributions to 0. B. TJ.
The following is a list of somo of
'tho  contributions recoived by the
centrnl  executivo   committeo  from
Vancouvor, B. C:
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council $ 280.00
B. C. Loggers Union    200.00
Vancouver  Trades   Council
(collected at meeting)      23.07
Vancouver    Trades   Council
(from sale of Federationist at Empress meeting)-..       .80
Boilermakers Union  100.00
C. Davidson, 438 Main St;      2.00
A. J. May, SOI llth Ave. E..     2.00.
Teamsters ft Chauffeurs 200.00
Machinists Lodge, No. 777.... 400.00
F. A. Charters..™      1.00
B. W. Adams      1.00
Hundreds Turned Away
from Last Sunday's
That the working elass is taking
a great interest iu everything appertaining to tho working olass movo-
mont tho wvrid over, was evidenced
last Sunday night, when hundreds
were unable to gain admittance to
the Empress theatro. The speakers
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
analyze world events from the
Marxian standpoint, and it behooves
evory worker if he would understand what is happening in the world
today to make himself acquainted
with that viewpoint.
T. O'Connor is the speaker next
Sunday. Doors open at 7:30; meeting'called to order 8 p.m. sharp.
Questions and dismission following
the speukor's address.
An early attendanco is necessary
to secure a soat.
The directors of the Federationist
will make an appeal next week for
funds to start a daily papor.
Carpenters   Form  Inde-
1 pendent Body—Plan
Big Union
Vow Tork.—Tho carpenter*, cabinet makers, and mill workers formerly affiliated with the Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners of America, have passed a resolution of secession at the Yorkvilh) Casino, 210
East 86th street. Tho resolution
rends as follows:
'Whereas, We, carpenters, cabinet -makors and mill workers assembled in mass mooting,.realize that
our interest, individual as well as
collective, is not und cannot bc protected by thc Brotherhood of Carponters und Joiners of America, au
organization controlled and dominat-
ed;by unscrupulous men who uro tho
enemies of thc workers; therefore,
be it
"'Resolved, That wo organize ourselves .and all working in our industry in an independent organization,
creating thereby a nucleus around
which we hopo to build up a big
union fnr our industry to be affiliated
later with other industrial unions."
Silverton and Kimberley
Miners  Support  the
One Big Union
T. B. Roberts is still at Silverton.
The attempt to remove him from
that district having again failed.
The minors took action and wired to
the Attornoy General, asking for
protection, but taking no chances,
they quit work at the week-end,
that Boberts waB supposed to leave,
and notified the mine operators that
they would leave work until such
time as tho matter was satisfactorily settled. At the meeting this
matter was dealt witb. Tho miners
wore well represented, there being
two-thirds of tho members present,
many of whom had walked from 7
to 8 miles iu ordor to attend tho
meeting in tho rain.
On the 20th Inspector Owens, of
tho Provincial Police, mot the miners 'union committee, and promised
that there would bo no trouble, but
taking the maxim that prevention
is better than cure, the minors remained away from work, and the
day set for the deportation, the 21st
passed off without incident. Tho
Silverton miners have adopted the
proposal to form One Big Union, by
a largo majority, aB havo the Kimberley minors.
General TeamBters and Trunk Drivers Sick Benefit Association
As per section 19 of the Constitution, notioe Is hereby given that a
speeial meeting will be held on Monday, May 18th, at 8 p.m., in the
Labor Temple, to consider changes
U the said Constitution. Members
I onlr admitted,   Bring your card.
Federated  Labor   Party
Hold Successful Social Function
On Tuesday, April 29, tho Federated Labor Party in Victoria hold
n very successful socinl ovening.
Tho programme consisted of a concert, followed by a whist drive and
concludod with dancing. It was
one of the most successful affairs
that has been held in the Capital
City working-cluss circles for somol
little .time, over two hundred being''
present. Amongst thoso contributing to the evening's enjoyment
wore Mrs. C. Norton, Mr. W. Gray,
Mr. Will Mcnnelaws, Mr. Goddnrd,
who rendered severnl songs inv a
most pleasing manner, and Mr. J.
Findler, pianist. Tho music for the
dancing was provided by tho Shipyard Laborors' Band, nnd was* vory
much appreciated. Tho prizes were
won by Miss Thompson nnd Miss
McLean.. Mrs. E. W. Ellis, D. W,
Poupard and Mrs. C. Norton made
the presentation. Many tables woro
occupied in tlio whist drive -and Mr.
Kcllow conducted this part of tho
evening's entertainment, whilo Mr.
Dan Poupard acted as M. C. for tho
dance, Thc ladies who mude tho arrangements and took charge of the
supper arc to bo highly complimented on their efforts, und if thero were
a few more as enthusiastic ns them,
then the Federated Labor Party in
the Capitnl City would havo a real
livo organization. Thut everybody
enjoyed themsolves goos without
saying, and nothing but praise was
uttered as to the splendid manner
in which tho affair was conducted.
Shipyard Laborers
At tho last regular meeting of
above local held in tho Labor Templo on Friday, April 25, 1919,
groat deal of business was transacted. Thc meeting was addressed by
Brothers Grogan and Sinclair from
thc Trados and Labor Council, on
affiliation with central body, .and
lt was decided to leuvo this matter
in tho hands of the oxecutive.
Letters were read from tho International in regard to the Robertson
agreement, and the secretary was instructed to writo Prosidont' O'Connor explaining further the manner
in which tho employors havo repu
diated the agreement.
Tho resignation of Brother Loo
was received with great regret and
a special voto of appreciation of
tho work ho-had accomplished wns
passed, and tho seoretary was instructed to draw up a document to
that effect. »
Tho members subscribed t-20 to
the "Morris" relief fund.
Members please note that .tho
offico will shortly bo moved to Room
207 from 220 Labor Temple.
Members of this organizntion cnn
socure the Foderationist by subscribing individually, whieh will cost
them -J8.00 per yoar, or by paying
their, subscriptions through their
anion, at the rato of $1.20 oer yenr.
Industrial Unionism Pioneer Defies Supreme
.   Court
Good for Eugene V. Dcbsl Ho has
made the best commentary on tho
supremo court decision upholding his
10-t-fcar conviction by an Ohio court.
Says the redoubtable old pioneer
of industrial unionism in this country:
'.Great issues are not decided by
courts, but by the people."
"Sixty yoars ago the supremo
court affirmed tho validity of the
fugitive slave law to savo chuttel
slavery. Five years later thc infum-
otifetinstitution was swept from tho
land in a torrent of blood. I despise tho espionage law with every
drop of blood in my veins, nnd I defy tho supreme court and all its
powers of capitalism to do their
(These are bravo words, inspiring
words, because thoy an! the words
of truth nnd wisdom, Tlie fugitive
slave law no move prevented abolition then than the espionage law
is "preventing emancipation. The
CflMts never yet stopped progress,
and thoy are less likely to do so today than ever before. Tho tendencies of the ago arc agninst thc courts
now us always.
Debs will go to prison, but his
tasks and bis spirit—his idcnl and
his eloquence™will not go with him.
The man who organized thc Hint
pronouncedly industrial union—the
Americnn Railway Union in 189*1—
ttrife who suid tmfore going to the
peril ten tiary in 1910, nt n farewell
OiafH-meoting in Cleveland, 0., "Let
us unite industrially. If Germany
liud been organized industrially, this
great calamity would havo never
come"—this man, Eugene V. Debs,
has not lnhured and spoken in vain.
—Tlie Industrialist.
Michel and Camrose Are
Also Scenes of Conflict
With Employers
Writs Issued for libel
Aetion Agalnit Cranbrook Horald
The Princeton strike Is still an,
the men standing j£t aad the employers apparently devoting their
iime te some constructive thinking
as to how they ean continue io derive profits wh^n their "hands"aad
"tools'" are idle.
Michel members are still fighting
for the eight-hour day and, news received by wire today from the Comox Logging Company, at Head*
quarters, was to the effect that all
men are on strike against the -discharge of one of the dining loom
The Princeton men are now re*
ceiviug financial assistance fron
the central organisation and an appeal has been sont to all camp delegates for the matter of contributing
to the strike fund to be put bofore
all members in the camp. Any member of organizod labor is invited to
contribute and need not wait for a
personal invitation. Unexpended
funds will be roturned of credited
iro rata, this is the first appeal;
iy thc B. C. L. U. to its members
and organized labor generally.
Ballots on all questions submitted for referondum have now been
sent to all camps. Also bundles of
the Camp-Worker. Any camp
member not receiving ballots
paper should communicate at once
with headquartors.
The 0000 membership is well In
Bight and everything points to that
numbor being easily attained by
the middlo of May.
Sunday's meeting was wall attended. Organizer Mace from the
G. T. district was present and gavo
his roport. Fellow-workors Anderson and Lamont reported their actions at Princeton on behalf of the
central body, and W. A. Nicholson,
who was ono of those most active In
organizing tho strikers, gave a full
.report of the whole situation.  The
Cast a Large Majority in
Favor of the
O. B. U.
The teamsters passed another
milestone in organization at their
last moeting, whon thoy decided to
purchaso an automobile for their
business agent, as owing to thc
growth of the local, it was felt that
he must be supplied with some
means of rapid locomotion. They
also decided to donate $400 towards
tho establishment of a Duily Labor
newspaper. The amalgamation of
thc Warehousemen took placo on tho
1st of May, and an intensive organization campaign is now being carried on around tho various warehouses, nnd when it is considered
that some of the warehouses are «m-L    -   , ..    .    ,
expect tho -men to be honest, the
need for organization is apparent.
The vote on the 0. B. IT. has been
counted, with the following result:
In fnvor, 407j opposed, 121, giving
a majority of 376 in favor.
Tlie noxt meeting will be Wednesday, May 14th, and as this will be
the flrst meeting at which thc Warehousemen aro with us. all membors
should mnko a point of turning out
and giving the new members -
hearty welcome.
New Westminster members will
please note that owing to this Friday meoting being their May Day
elebration, thero will be no meeting
there. Thc next meeting in New
Westminster will bo on May 8th, at
8 p.m., in the Labor Temple.
American Can Bmployoes Organise
Tho second orgnnization moeting
of the American Can employees, was
held on Tuesday lust, in tho Labor
Tomple, undor tho auspices of the
Trades and Labor Council. Tho
meeting was addressed by Business1
Agont Midgley. About 100 persons!
were present, most of whom indicated their desiro to join tho new organization by paying thoir firBt
month's dues. Thc girls turned out
in good numbers at tho last meeting
uud are tnkiag a great interest in
thc new organizntion.
Thc duos have been fixed at $1.00
a month for men, and 75c for women and girls, and 75c for boys
under 18 years of age. Tho meet-
gs will bo held every Tuesday at
8 p.m. in the Labor Temple.
Takes Action to Provido
Defence of Those Who
Support O. B. U.
Labor Temple Question
Again Before the
Central Body
The main questions dealt with at
last night meeting of ihe TraA-sa
and Labor Conncil wert the defend*
ing of members who hftve had legal
proceedings taken agalbtt them as
a. result of iheir activities for thi
One Big Union, and the Labor Tern*-
pie question. The question of defending members of organized labor
whe have to -defend themselves In
the courts was raised by Del. McDonnell, near the close of the meeting, and he stated that whilo the
council had, at tho last meeting, derided to assist the machinists by assuring legal advice ib the matter of
the tieing up of their funds, that
it would not be able to do this tot
all organisations without somo assistance from organized labor. He
moved that an appeal be sent to tht
affiliated organizations for support.
Del. Kavanagh stated that the rank
and file were to be restricted in
thcir actions, aud as to what font
of organization they would belong
to, by order-in-counoils passed by
the international executives. He
also stated that tho gauntlet had
boen thrown down, and the rank
and file would take lt up. The motion was adopted.
Lalior Tampla
Tho question of the position of
the labor tomple was raised by tha
socretary, who reported that the cd* ,
rectors were desirous of having tha
opinion of tho council as to the futuro action of tho directors of tha
Labor Tomple Company. He ra*
forred to the request wat had been
mode to tho receiver for a chango in
management, which the directors
thought was necessary if the building were to be saved. Ho also reported that tho manager had to*
fused to deliver some of tho property of the company to him as eecretary of the company for somo
Del. Welsh stated that he was of
the opinion that tho eouncil could
strikers and also to take up fhe
matter again at the next meeting.
In connection with the Mackenzie
Cranbrook affair it waa reported
that write in the Supreme Onut
had been issued against the Cranbrook . Herald for mailcious and
criminal libel and against L. Biehardson and others implicated in illegally extorting money by threats
of physical violence. In each case
tbe writ is for (5000 damages.
It was deoidod to appeal against
the conviction of Arthur Courto to
ono your in jail for desortion from
tho military forces if ho so dosired.
In futuro any camp dolegato who
does not report at least ovory four
weeks will have his credentials cancelled. It was decided to form a
central committeo consisting of
camp delegates who may bo iu town
from timo to timo and that tho secretary bo authorized to refer to this
committee upon any quostion upon
which he' needs advice or assistance.
O, B. U. Referendum
Members of local unions arc returning their ballots on the O. B.
U. and tho six-hour day, to Secretary Wells of the B. C. Federation
of Labor. This should not be dono,
pr it will bo impossible to know
which local unions nro favorable to
tho proposals. Ballots, when marked, should bo returned to tho secretaries of the local unions, who will
forward them en bloc to tho federation.
Carpentots 617
At a big moeting of tho Carpenters on Friday thc local decided to
mail every niembor a ballot ou tho
six-hour day and the 0. B. U. The
ballot will bo closed on Mny 7 when
a committoe will total the result.
The curpenters are using overy
effort towards getting the proposed
houses, to bc built undor the Sol-
ditrs' Housing scheme, built under
strictly union conditions. Tho trado
is in a very good condition nr^ound
the city and nearly all members are
Outside Markets Needed
to Consume What the
Slaves Produce
Judge Elbert 11. Gary, chairman
of the beard of the United States
Steel Corporation, said in a public
Interview on March 21st, "If tho
other lines of Industry shew tho
snmo disposition as the iron and
steel industry, as they undoubtedly
will, wo have nothing but au cm
of woundeiful prosperity ahead of
The judge nnil the other prophets
of coming prosperity base their predictions on tho outlook for exports.
"Our enormous export trado for
January und February*," writes one
bucIi authority, "record breaking
though it is, is sure to continue to
grow by leaps and bounds."
Tho exports of the United Stntes
havo been higher during the past
eight months than ever before in
tho history of American commerce.
Tho total for the current fiscal year
will be around 01-2 billions. For
January alone the export total was
over fi22 millions. These records are
high, but unless another war breaks
out in Europo they will fall off heavily during the next six months.
It would be vory foolish for tho
American people to consume whnt
they produce, nud then tako a holiday. It would never do to produce
for the use of the .whole pooplo instead of for the profit of thc few.
[f wo did, big business would go
out of business and would have io
go to work instead of touring tho
world whilo tho workers aro toiling
for n miserable wago or wearing out
shoo leather looking for work.
tion being pledged'  to   assist   iho j J^^ge," Ho"mo7e4 'that" &"«£
•AvMrara   ftn.l   »lflO   in   talta     un     fkt_i _T_?_   »._ _. _.__T _._.  ».__ i_ ■-
Cannot Forget His Differences With the A. S.
When thc question of the 0. B. U.
was being discussed by the Shipwrights iu Victoria recently, President Tom Moore, of the Dominion
Trades Congress, addressed the
members of this union. Needless to
say, ho did not support the new
movement. In his remarks, ho referred to the activities of somo of
tho members of tbo Amalgamated
Carpenters, who were supporting the
Ono Big Union, and who opposed
tho plan of Bolidiilcation of the
Amalgamated and the C. B. Carpenters, llo did not, howover, refer to
thc actions of the general ollicers of
tho U. B. when his organization was
called to vote on the Htrasser award,
which was brought down as a result
of thc activities of tho American
Federation of Lnbor, in trying to
bring about an amalgamation of
these organizations who refused to
submit the proposal to tho members.
Tho Stressor nwurd was a scientific
arrangement, whilo the plan of soli*
dillcntion, could not solidify, an was
recognized at the time by tho mem*
Ihts of the Amalgamated! It is easy
to make out a cuse when there is no
ono to refuto it. Thero are, however, members of both carpenters
organizations in tho Province who
realizo that tho plan of solidification
has not been a success, and that the
arpontbrs In particular, would bo
benefited moro than any other organization, by the new form of organization. There is nothing inconsistent in the actions or words of
tho men thut opposed tho plan referred to.   They aro now seeking a
eai solidification of the workers.
Wall Streot Speaks Its Mind
"Our laws are all too inadequate
to deal with that public oucmy, tho
Lahor agitator. Wo bavo u flabby
public opinion which would wring its
hands in anguish if we took the Lnbor leader by tho scruff of ihe neck,
backed him up against a wall nnd
filled him wilh lead. Countries which
consider themselves overy bit
civilized as wo ure do hot hesitate
about, such matters for a moment
—Wall Street Journal
ecutlve be instructed to bring in a
report as to the receipts and expenditures of the building in detail
at an early dato. DeL Kavanagh
stated that tho council, or the company would have to raise $150,000
before the building eould be saved
for labor. He also stated that if
the 0. B. U. wont through, that
labor would be ablo to have its own
temple, and a daily press in each
city. Some little discussion, in
which it was brought ont that the
now directors had not had timo to
make a complete investigation, was
indulged in, and the motion passed.
The Boot and Shoe Worken wroto
to the council asking the support of
organized labor for the union repairing shops, and local union-made
goods. The matter was referred to
the locals.
The Shipyard Laborers informed
the council that a special commit*
tee had been appointed to meet tha
council on the question of affiliation.
Tho B. C. Klcetrle Beform Association again brought tho matter of
disputo in the Street Railwayman's
Union to tho attention of the council, by a letter, and the executive
recommended that the matter be referred to the executive of the council. Del. Hubble stated that in any
case tho Streot Railwaymen's or- j
gnnizaHou would reserve to itself
the right to deal with its internal
affnirs as it saw fit under the rules '
of that orgnnization. The motion
to refer to the executive was
ndopted.    *
New Organisations
The business agent reported that
tho Janitors and Elevator Workers
hnd hold another organization meeting, and that in spite of the fact
that nearly 80 of tho employees of
tho American Can Company had
beon laid off, new members were
joining tho can workers' organisation.
Tho Gas Workers reported that
they bnd voted on the O. B. U. and
that tho number prosent wben the
voto was taken was 70, 69 of whom
had voted fnvon|bly.
Dol. Edwards of tho machinists
(Continued on page 8)
Taking Steps to Have the
Whip Hand Over
San Francisco.—San Francisco labor in taking an important stop in
the direction of "solidarity." It is
sutd to be tho most radical move
taken by tho labor council in years.
A committee of fivo will bo named
at once to study agreements existing between workers nnd employers
and to devlsp some plnn whereby all
future agreements shull expire on
thc sumo day.
Tho council's desire is that all
trades mny bo in u position to striko
in sympathy simultaneously in a
general walkout in case tho demands
of any ono union nro refused.
Labor leaders said today tho stop
wns nn attempt to forestall desertions (o the I. W. W.
They said the movo would rob
the I. Wi W. of their big argument. Union Store
Our Overall Dept.—"Union Made"—
G.W.G., Carhart and Twin But&—Reg.
$2.25, $2.50 and $3.00 garments, for
$1.75  $2.10   $2.45
Pant Specials—Reg. $6.00 and $6.50
pants for $4.95, while they last.
Odd line Arrow Collars 2 for 25c
Broken line Arrow Shirts, 30% - off
regular prices.
5 pair Cotton Sox  :...$1.00
Working Shirts ._....  .......80c
20 dozen Sample Caps  $1.00 each
Values up to $2.25.
For a good suit of clothes see our
The Jonah-Prat Co.
The awakening has come noonci'
than even we believed it would
come. Paris is in a panic at the
news that Hungary has turned Bolshevist. Were it not that it may be
the first act of a European tragedy,
we could find a grim satisfaction.
Paris deserves its panic. It has made
Europo the corpus vile of its fears
or its ambitions; it has ignored or
thwarted the nascent impulse to repair tho wounds of a continent; it
has made a mockery of tho earlier
idealism of tho Entonte; it threatens to make peace a worse thing
than war.
It Ib possible to argue that the *
'terests demand itj and the movement will be accelerated by the fact
that they will have an equal Aversion for the Allies. Militarily, the
main enemy of this new alliance
would be France. Therefore] a further aim of French policy is CO ereot
a barrier between Bussia and Germany, The French will have Pansig
given to the Poles. It does nof
ter in the least that a real'
of Nations would guarantee - . -.— „
as a free port, and thus give Pol
and the opportunity of trade prosperity infinitely greater than she can
hope to achieve if she has by force
of arms to defend a precarious cor-
outbuit'oTBoliheWira in Hungary ' __"   *.   *■"_ B«ui«*., Nationalist
Men's High Grade $32, $35, $38, $40
Tremendous ralnee Saturday tat Monday in thli gnat clean-up*
Trade Upstairs and Save Your Dollars
Arnold & Quigley
"Hm Stow That'i Alwayi Buy"
Cauda rood Bout License Wo. S-M7N
fork ett Anne, lera. thu, 0 ter Ote
ibM Su-anu., • for ...Mo
Finert M.nwf.t Teat, I lte. -Me
nam 8. » K. Fwi Barley, I lte.
i.t an
flteM Split P.M. • lta. Iw _~tM
riHat Sm.ll WW. im I lte. HO
FtaMt ayuuu Bart lnu i re, toe
atral 0117 Tom.UM, lufl Una—IOt
In-IfaM Btialae, »h(. .lit
m.i.r'i arm Intel tet, itf. lot
Ib. lor Mt
Slater'.  Sliced Streaky   Baeoa,   pee
lb.  Z Ue
Sl.'er'e  Slice.". Streaky   Btw-k   par
ib.  .:_ _2 to.
Slater'. Sllcd Boiilut Hub, lb. lot
BIMw'i 8II«1 Bonelen Boa lb. 401
 BIM *——Z
Si.t.r*.       Suormred
Ham..    R.I. 11 Ht lb.,
Jn* Alb.ru Ken, tone -
Waeet But Drlpplu. lb. ...
WU Cu>di.ii Ckice., Ik
sum iraouL
nun _a,hu_d ip.-w, m. ti.fi,
■mr-itr "ir Oiat
 EI11A *——X	
Fln..t 8-gtr.cored Baca, It I
ud 1-lb. plaou. R.i. 10. lb,
Bttirdtr onlr. lb.  «H4t
Bin. BiMta Tat, Ib.        _..Ht
Btteb Ono Ubtl tot, Ik Nt
Holbrook OoBlmrd Ptwdw IW
Babob JaHr Powdm >ft
J at Dthr Batter, Ib.	
P neei Oaitrd Btgatfti ftT I
Itaeet Craiol gum., • .,
■mhhhib mt •—-_
Boras'  Ploeat Compound Lard—
Bt|. Hi lb, Btlordtr «*, I
lte. lu .7. u-__7tat
ttfrn I UB. It 11 1MB. Ui.ll
4 lte.    	
PlAMt P-uapUu, luft lltt .
Ltandry lot*, • lit	
lilttmald Kllk, I Iw —---|^^^_^^^^ _
Plnul Se. 1 SttW Beat
Pln.ll Bt. 1 Cantarbtuf Laat
flBMl Bt. 1 Pork
AU OoT.nia.-U Inspected.
Don't Forget to Phone Your Orders Early
HuMan K E           Ity. IMI
OnitrSle Mnn          lay.   IM
H>» itrMi            rut. len
Dr. H. E. Hall
cnoww innnm
Oipotlte >ollaa BlMk
im Bui ti a. e. aiMMio Dam
n son too on
t_A Woo-aloohollc wlaw af it
is not dangerouB, because it is not
popular and elemental. For that
vory reason it is tho "more dangerous. Truo, the resignation of Karo-
lyi and his transfer of ths reins of
government to the Communists, was
a voluntary and deliberate, not an
abaolutely enforced gesture. Because of that, it is a symptom. It
reveals the condition of mind to
which errors and intrigues have
reduced the most sympathetic heirs
of tho European tradition among
our enemies. Bolshevism in Hungary may bo in its inception no more
than Karolyi's modern equivalent
for apres moi Is deluge, It will become somothing quite different in a
little while. But in the meantime we
may take it for what it undoubtedly
is. This modern version of the old
expression of the carelessness of despair is eloquent enough, more eloquent than the old one. Pooplo have
lost all feur of the Flood, but to
their modern senses Bolshevism is
the very devil.
Therefore thoy may be induced to
consider by feat what no arguments
have induced them to consider, what
are the causes of Bolshevism in general, and the Hungarian variety in
particular. Bolshevism is the direct
result of desperation. It was so in
BuBsia, though the supporters of
Bolshevism and its enemies make
common cause in denying it. It was
not the work of German agents, as
its foolish enemies suggest, nor was
it originally an attempt to creato
a new social order, as its foolish
sympathizers seek to assure us. Tho
philosophy of its leaders ia not of
first-rate account, Bolshevism in
Bussia was the explosion of tho inarticulate protest of a nation treated as a corpus vile. Bussia was regarded by tho Entente powers as an
inanimate machine for making war
against Germany. The Allies declared that unless Kerensky, the patriot,
faced with the intolerable choice of
letting his country be starved or
ordering an offensive which he know
to bs impossible, mads the fatal
choice. The Russian nation turned
like an animal at bay against these
demands. Its unconscious impulse
was to become a pariah among nations. Since to belong to tho old
social order was to bo bled to death,
it demolished the social order from
its midst. A pariah is not a respectable dog, but it may livo. And the
expression of this blind will to be
a live pariah rather than a dead dog
was Bolshevism.
Sueh is largely tho spiritual anatomy of Bolshevism. It is not a
gospel of social regeneration so
much as a fierce elemental protest
against impossible conditions of life.
It springs from the unconscious will
to be an outcast among nations,
when the nations have made membership of their society impossible.
Seen from this anglo Karolyi's gesture is the very epitome of Bolshevism. The difference is the Karolyl
is an educated man and that in him
the impulse is deliberate and con-
scions; but the difference is slight
and negligible, save in so far as
it enables us to examine more closely the reasons why this educated
and enlightened lover of England
should havo decided that the natural life of his country was impossible.
With his gesture he breaks deliberately with tha European traditions, and declares, for all the world
to hear, that anarchy would bo better than the extreme humiliation
prepared for Hungary by its conquerors.
We have beea favored of late
France is not primarily concerned
with the peace and prosperity of
Europe; it is concerned to obtain a
continental control. This can only
be obtained if two conditions are
satisfied—Germany must be cut off
from Bussia, and a barrier of states
must create a perpetual "military
threat to Germany's eastern frontier.
The agrandizement of Boumania
at the expense of Hungary is an integral portion of the scheme, as is
also the refusal to sanction ths incorporation of German-Austria in
Gormany. Only if Boumania is aggrandized artificially will she be inclined to look to France for diplomatic and military support, and herself compelled, no matter what Platonic provisions a League of Nations may proclaim, to maintain a
large army. As with Boumania, so
with Poland and Czcho-Sbvakia.
The weakening of Germany in the
direot sense by detaching the largest possible portions of her torritory is the more obvious aim of
Fronch Nationalism. Less obvious,
but more vital, is ths necessity that
the settlement of the western frontiers of these new border statos
should be unstable. Only if the border states receive territories to
which they have no title, and only
if they have each to deal henee forward with their seperate and particular irredentisms, and thus are
compelled to form an armed alliance,
directed against what remains of
the old Austro-German alliance, will
they contribute to tho establishment
of tho policy that seems good in the
eyes of the Fronch Nationalists,
the    '
Australian Workers Are
Protesting Against
This Outrage
[By Francie AhearnJ
Ever since tha Bussian Soviet
government'appointed a representative in Australia, the Australian
bourgeoisie government has not only
refused to recognize his appointment but to place every embarrassment in his way. Finally they ended up by sending him to gaol like
an ordinary felon on March 34 last.
Naturally when Peter Simonoff—tho
name of. the consul—was appointed
consul by the Lenin government he
set to work to look aftor tho interests of Bussians in Australia.
Then the Australian government
took a hand. They prevented his
communication with the outside
world, prevented his communicating
with his own government and in
many other ways harrasied him. Orders were interposed to prevont him
addressing publio meetings on the
score that he was stirring up discontent. Today finds him in gaol
for six months on two charges of
contravention of the War Precautions Aot, in that he contravened
a military ordor preventing him from
addressing public meetings.
Now Simonoff is not tha usual
wild and woolly Bolshevik as pictured by the capitalistic press. He
is a quiet and highly cultured man,
and from a personal friendship extending over a considerable time,
I know him to he a kindly man who
haa travelled much, learned much,
..May 1, 11
What Is Taking: Place at
Nauru in the
Richest Phosphate Deposits in World Are
Bccauie our stock It eo oomprehoimivo wt ou
always giro a mu hii choice of stylo*—his idea
of price—his ozaot It,
And wt take a lot of pains to It you—thia U
ont of tht strongest fttturoi of thli store—wt
practically insist oa living tou foot-comfort.
■very desirahlt Spring latt is htrt to grttt yat
—every shot of outstanding leather quality. A
Oat range of high-grade union-made Footwear.
Pritts that suit every purM.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
"Ooodwia's Oood Show"
with comparatively little news from
Hungary.   What hai heen happening there is simple enough.    Tha
hittrto oppressed nationalities, and
principally the  Roumanians,   have
heen advancing their landmarks day
by day.  It wu many weeks ago
that they reached the extreme limit
of tht nationality frontier. No paper has urged   more  emphatically
than The Nation the necessity of
breaking down tht Magyar domination.  We wert always opposed to
that ichool of thought whieh believed that a rapproachj-nent with
an unchanged Hungary was possiblo
or equitable.  The Magyars had to
be forced to give the nationalists
their due. Thero waa always a majority of Magyars who would have
been eontont with what remalnod
to them. Instead, however, of making  the attempt  to establish  an
equitable political frontier, tht Allied mission in Budapest havt on-
couraged tht Roumanians in partic
ular to takt infinitely more than be*
longs to them.   Tht action of the
Magyar     Bolshevist     government
shows clearly enough how the responsibility is divided  among  the
Allies,   They havt given all tht Allied mission! notict  to  leavo   tho
country with thl exception of the
leader of the French mission, Colonel Tix, whom they have imprisoned.
Thi "French—lot there be no mil-
take about it—art purauing a consistent policy, which is in opposition not merely to President Wilson'! fourteen point!, but to every
other idealistic proposition of the
Allies. That, in itself, is bnd enough
or would bt bad enough had we not
long slnet passed tht point where
it it thought worth while to reconcile profession and practice.   But,
ovon if wt accept tht view that the
principle of self-determination is a
piom fraud, wt still have to consider whether a policy which deliberately ignore! that principlo ia not
bound to lead ua to disaster.  Tbe
obvious motivt of Fronch polloy ia
to weaken Germany, and in particular to weaken Prussia, by any means
that come to itl hand.  It aims at
replacing tht Russiu thrtat to Otl-
raany by tht threat of a congress
of arbitrarily aggrandind states, extending from tho Baltic to the Blaok
Sea and tht Mediterranean. Bussia
Is lost to Franci forever) no matter
what govornment ihould be eventually established in Russia, the popular   detestation  of  Franct  would
make any resumption of the old alliance impossible. It tht ntw constitution of poweri, unless a real
Loagitt of Nations comia Into being, Germany and Bussia art bound
to gravitatt to taeh othor. Their in-
tough not, we hope and believe,
of the French people.
It is the duty of America and England, in the truo interests of France
no less than in thoir own, to oppose
this plan with ail their might. But
in order to oppose it they had better recognize it for what it is. j It
is true onough that the plan will
nover be accomplished. The Fronch
aro unable to see that America*, and
Britain  must  inevitable  withdraw
all support from such a barrier:'of
border statos, and they, alone -mill
one day havo to bear the impossible
burden   of   such   an   arrangatiiont.
They dream that a League* of-Nations  can somehow be formed'to
guarantee such a settlement; they
oannot see that a loague with luch
an object would be violently ■■-disrupted within a year. They cannot
see the more immediate danger! Such
violations of the national conacioiis-
ness of peoplos as this Machiavellian policy involves are no longor
possible. * They cannot, indeed)* be
resisted by forco of arms. But fliey
may be abrogated by the refusal to
maintain   an   ordered   govornment
with which the treaty to make thom
valid must be conoluded. When Ba-
roiyi was informed that the limit of
the last inroad of the Roumanians
was to be regarded as the political
frontier, Horolyi preferred to abandon allegiance to the old European
order.   His action is a warning to
Germany    and    ourselves.      The
"Timos" is busy suggesting another
Gorman plot concerted to frighten
the Allies.   Does it really believo
that   Karolyi,   whott   hostility   to
Gormany should at leut be, even in
the eyes of the "Times" sans re-
proohe, concerted his move with the
Germans! We are usured that all
wo havo to do ia to aend a strong
military expedition to Hungary, another to Poland (to occupy Danzig,)
and of course, another to Bussia
witk, according to Mr. Churchill, a
minor expedition or two to Livonia
and Esthonia.   Thrte ntw wan at
oncel   No; thero is ono way, and
one way only, to eiea.pt tha European disaster whieh  threatens  us.
We must make a just peace quickly; wo must form a Leaguo of Nations in which Germany and Bussia
are somehow introduced into tho Big
Seven; wo muit prevent the insen-
sate   machinations   of   continental
Machtpolitik from tripping us into
the abyss, by Insisting that self determination shall be real. But how
are we to insistf How is Mr. Lloyd
George to insist, as wt believe ht
desires to insist, when he hu only
an Ignorant Bump behind himf Tht
intervention of tho Minen' Federation in European politic! givei ui
the answor. It is a momontous and
a most hopeful event. It shows us
that tht qualities of sympathy, imagination and understanding can be
re-introduced into world politic!, and
that wt need no longer depend for
them upon tho aristocratic instinct
of a few old-fashioned Tories. —
The Nation, London.
Winnipeg contract shops are presenting schodulos calling for incveea.
ed wages and the 44-hour week.,The
efficiency of machinos, hordes of ua-
emplovod, and high colt of living
demand action ia those two directions. • ....■.
Buffered much—a mu who
hopes for great thingi, ud if left
alone would accomplish great things.
Maybe that ia why he ia behind the
bars today.
At any rate Simonoff wu arrested in Melbourne (Victoria) aud
brought to Sydney to bt tried. Had
it not been for the faot that a labor membor of parliament happened
to be in the court at the time Simonoff would have been judicially
sandbagged thore and then, and
probably deported. Fortunately he
was then released on bail. But then
a curious thing happened, the Australian prime minister proposed that
Simonoff should withdnw his appeal against his arrest and asked
for the suspension of sentence and
ht would then bt allowed to go on
to Russia. But the prime minister
stipulated that Simonoff should
travel by a prescribed route-
through Japan and Siberia.
And here waa just the point. Simonoff knew what would happen if
he did that. In faot h« makes no
secret of the fact that had he travelled by that, route he would have
died suddenly at the hands of the
enemy govornmenta—"shot while
attempting to escape" u they aay
in Mexico, or aomethlng else. Simonoff, to test the sincerity of the
Australian government, offered to
do what was proposed providing he
be allowed to reach Bussia through
safo countries with a safe conduct
for his life. This tho Australian
government refused to give him.
Meanwhile, because Simonoff
wouldn't consent to travel to Bussia by a route which wu decided
unhealthy, he is now confined in an
Australian gaol, from whenet ht
will doubtless bo deported ln the
near future to—God only knows
where. .,
Meetings of protest are being held
throughout Australia against this
outrageous treatment meted out to
a foreign consul by the Australian
commonwealth government.
Ooal Mining Striko Threatens
At the time of writing the commonwealth government of Australia
is engaged ia conferenco with representative! of tht ooal mint ownen ud representative! of tht employeu trying to hedge off what
lookt Ilka a itoppage in tht coal
industry. Tho men art uklng for
25 per cent Increase in wages, better tonditioni in tht minis, ud a
Royal commission to show tht profits of tht ownen in order that the
same may bt apportioned with the
employeu without penalising the
general publie by increasing the
price of cosl. Tho employeu say
quite frankly that unleaa aomethlng
is done for them they will go out on
Wut Children Guarded
Minneapolis—At a meoting of the
Minnesota State Child Labor Committee, it wu declared that "patriotism and loyal sacrifice havt beea
made the plea for exploitation of
children in gainful occupations during tht put year, even in Minne-
iota, whore ctild labor laws were
upheld under the strain of war conditions mroe strongly thu wu the
case in most states. Now ia tho time
for a general campaign of awakening of publlo interest againit furthor letting down of the ban and for
a rapid rebuilding of child welfare
Wut Award Enforced
Now Albany, Ind. — Electrical
Worken employed by thl United
Gas and Electric Company suspend*
ed work to enforce a wage award by
the National War Labor Board.
If Yoa Are in Favor of the O.B.U.
and you wish to render, tyiancial rapport to the committee in charge of the propaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, cutout this coupon and mail it
with your donation to "the Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. Ca
T« the Stcrttary of th* Otntnl Committee of do O. B. 0.
Enolosed please flnd tke sum of ♦..
..as my
oontribution toward* the propaganda and expense in taking the referendum vote for the O. B. U. You need not
aend a receipt, and acknowledgment through Th* FederationiBt will be sufficient.
[By Frances Alieam]
Then il a chance that Australia
will bo handed a mandate to administer all captured German possessions south of tht Equator in tht
Paoifio ocean. Thin will include
the iiland of Nauru, easily tht rich-
eat bit of land for ita size in the
whole world, which wu captured by
the Australian navy early in tht
war from the Germans.
Immediately law ud order was
restored there under tht shade of
the British flag, affairs bogan. to get
pretty bad. It is an open question
today whether tht workers there
are not treated wono than they
were under the German administration.
An Australian whito unionist ii
looked upon with suspicion and designated u an agitator. Being under
military rule, if he speaks out of
place, he is promptly dealt with.
The labor employed on this island
under Australian jurisdiction is
Chinese, imported nativos, and local
natives. The imported nativos are
paid at the rate of one dollar per
woek and a couple of eents a hour
overtime. They art employed digging the phospate rock and loading
into ships for transportation to different parts of the world. The phosphate deposits are valued at anything from between $1,500,000,000 to
$2,500,000,000. The Chinese coolies
receive $1.20 per week, and tha local nativos of Nauru get the same
rato of pay. They are all fed on
rice or paddy-food, hard biscuits and
tea. If fish ud meat art required
then thoy have to catch it themselves in the water, or on tho island. The imported natives are recruited from neighboring islands ud
are made to serve for 21-2 yean
and then roturned. If they are sick
their wages, however, stop though
the capitalistic bosses soe that they
are fed and doctored lest thty die.
Disease is rampant on tho island
—mainly tuberculosis and venereal
diseasos. The housing is bad, and
accounts for much of the former disease. In a barracks 40 feet by 20
feet, some 60 coolies art' housed,
sleeping ia bunks one above the
other. Married couples and children
sleep in with the single native!—
there being no'discrimination whatever. This also accounts for many
of the vicious fights and murden
which take place, through tho lingle
native! stealing temporarily the
wives of the married ones. There is
only a" very narrow passage down
tho centre of these barracks of
which there are nine or ten—housing approximately 800 nativei. One
can well imagine the morality which
exist! in iuch vile dons.
Tht Chinest are treated in the
same shameful manner. They art
housed 75 to a filthy don of the same
proportions u those allotted to the
natives, ud ara fed on food that
might pass for pigs' food but not
for human consumption.
When the occupation of tht place
took place by Australian troops, s
littlo financial trick was playtd on
tho natives by the companies working tho phosphate deposits. Under
German rule, the mark wu the coin
of the island. When tht English
coinage came into font, after the
occupation, notioei were posted that
the mark had lost 60 per eent of
its value owing to tho war. So on
tho following pay day the natives
and Chineie worken recoived half-
wages. It is very questionable
whether it wu legal payment or not,
but it wu dont. Ovor 2,000 work-
on were juggled ont of half thoir
wages ia this manner.
It niight bt of intereit to learn
that Asquith, the late premier of
Great Britain, and Lord Grey, lato
foreign iecretary, figure amongit
the biggest shareholders of the oompuy working thi phosphatel on
this captured ialand, while it ii alio
interesting to note that no balance
sheets are ever published.
Over ia New Guinea, whieh wu
also captured from the Germans hy
tht Australians ln ths early days of
tht war, the old Gorman laws are
still in force," Tht natives art flogged for all kinds of offenses, under
the administration by tho Australian
government. One ot the strong cards
played by the Australian delegates
at tht peace conference wu that
these islands should not go back to
the Germans because of tht barbarity of tht letter towards tht natives. Documentary proof wu to-
cured from the natives attesting to
the barbarity of tht Hun to back
up this statement. But nothing is
said of the fact that the aame old
German laws are still in force—and
perhaps administered with mon severity. The eicuse given by tht
Australian government is that until
peace is finally signed and tho future of the islands arrived at, no
alteration of tht lawi ean takt
place. But that ou hardly bt an
excuse for illtreatinf the unfortunate natives.
As a matter of faot tho autocrat
system of military rule set up by tht
Australian occupying foreu in German New Guinea outrivals anything
in the Prussian business. Today, unless residents of captured territory
raise thtlr hats to offlctn cf the
Australiu army garrisoned then,
thty are arrested and thrown Into
gaol. Quite recently a Mr. Graham,
who was Britlah ooniul there during the regimo of the Germans, and
who is a well-known citizen of the
territory, wu arrested and thrown
into gaol for omitting to raiu his
hat to u officir of tht army. Only
after the intervention of tat British government wu kt reloued.
Then ie absolutely no freedom
whatever for the oivil population,
whllt as aald abovo, tht nativea are
flogged unmercifully. Private lttten
are opened and where uy advent
comment la feud they art destroyed. Tht inly Wty ur correct newt
oaa be had out ef tie territory la
by amuggllng lamt oa te boats
tirou-h bcndlr haafc
Stylish Suit in Black and
White Check for $25.00
—a new member of our Famous
line of $25.00 Suits
The $26 line of auits we've been offering this Spring is the
talk of the city—never before has anything like its value in
Ladies' Suits been offered. Wo've sold hundreds of these Suits
and averywhere havo they given satisfaction,
Tbo Black ud White Chock we offer ia the equal of suite
which ate offered elsewhere at $35 to $40.
We oarry this lins in all sizes—your choice of several models-—
the material is flne—the design attractive—the finish all that could
bt askod.
In the new Black and White Check or any of ton   45OK All
popular shades  ... 9e_Oe\i\J
Near Granville
Mr. Union Mu, do yon buy at a
union store!
1047 Granville Street
Phone Soy. li»
Operaton of the largest Goodyear SHOE BBFAIB plut la
the Oity.
Union Shoe repairing, Rt*
momber our guarantee, men's
and women's soles we guarantee for three months.
Wo don't cobble your shoes,
wo repair them.
Wo know how; we an shoemakers.
Let us havt your next repair!.
No delay Shoe Co.
Onion Shop, No. 281
Showi How
Could Enforce Economlo Equity
Published weekly.
$1.50 a year to Canada
"The "Almighty Dollar", »0».
operation",   eto,  free,  if you
mention thia paper.
Box 06, Longbruch, Wtth.
aiOTmaa ahd loozBnnmaa
Unloa OHclr.li, write tor price..   Wt
photo mnuAviiBa
__, ,    Phoat Sermour 7160
TIM near,  W«l.  Bauaiai, Taa-
_ couver. a. O.     ■
lha .sir Palo, tact it Vtneotvec
Victory, Liberty or
Government Bonds
ef any description.
Oaieade Mortaura ft Invert* I
ment Co.
(Double Screened)
il only uother guaranteed aervice ia thi futun.
The OOAL yon want again aal
Seymour Mil aad ut
For tht beat Hot or Oold
Lnnoh In tha oity, go to*—
Jack's Lunch
at tha Bank Buffet, oor.
Homer and Haatinga Sta.
■x-Sergeant ForeiteU
ova vaudivilli
Matinet .
Refined garvloa
Oae Block West of Courthouie
Cm of Modem Chaptl and
Funeral Parlora fret te all
Telephone Seymonr Mlt
for Onion Ilea
Phone Seymour MS
». rarUantat B^^^^
Pocket Billiard
(Bnai-elek-Mki OoUeuler Ok)
—Hetdtoartwi fat Oaiaa Mn-
Unl.n-i_.-U   Ttbaccta   OKan   art
Olfuet-tia   ^^
Osly mitt Heli lawttni
42 Haatinga Street last
Our advortiien rapport the Federatlonist. It is up to yoa to sup-
port them.
Bicycles of Real Value-Tisdall's STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING thia Bicyole, quality haa been onr
flret oonaideration, We therefore offer you an exceptionally atrong wheel at a very moderate prioe.
Keep Out the Germs
■5 Disease of any kind is an abnormal condition
due to the human machine being defective in
some parts. When you are in good health you,
are able to resist disease germs. When your
vitality is low, bacteria makes successful invasion
of the human structure. Disease is the result.
So it is your duty, in ordor to maintain your
vital resistance at its highest, to keep the working parts of the human machine at their best.
Most important among these is the dental equipment which takes care of the important process
of mastication and masceration with the saliva-
first step in digestion, Have decay in the mouth
removed—it offers a breeding-place for germs.
Have lost teeth replaced and so keep the health
and high vitality which resists disease.
t_ Hlgheit quality of matorial—highest skill in workmanship—low
prices.   This is my proposition.
Phone Sey. SM11
Fine Dentistry
Shoes for Young Men
We've SPECIAL SHOES for the young men who want
"Snappy" styles. We show all the new leathers and
smart details in shoemaking.
The Spring models in both high and low outs are all lined
up ready for your inspection.
Oome in for a look at the new styles.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
M8 OBANVILLE ST.—'.'Vancouver's Onion Shoo Store."
—bare a certain adjuttment which -nrlea with each Individual.
Vaea the exact duplication et that adjnetment in dental work depends the
attnrtl eppearane. of th. lace—harmony with your remaining natural teeth
—comfort while yea tr. ..tins-
OtB at lay tftet sad set actual Wuatrattona ot uy expert work—it wiU
Ml yoa TMtttr than aay words how (sr I have Mtalatd ptrlection la
■disUSc adjusts-**
lakes ia
in dents!
Ser. Ill
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist
*• Oorner Seymour Street
Office Open Tuesday aad Friday Evenings Until I a'Olook
__1_«H_H0k)n"ma(le ClgarS-     (tab.
SJWjjmnUj|jTiMt**c*Hek MM-w.. mini, tw ne*-. Mn MteS. e llOKUSSJM
-an*-***.!.! «* Cu mtlfe_t*lS- MllUlSI Si 'iST^SSti
• etrilr.fi
Prtih Oat Hewers, Pnneral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, pot Plants
Ornamental aad Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulhs, riorists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
41 Hastings Itreet But 726 OranviUe (Street
■•jmour fll-672 Seymonr 9513
Highest Grade Mechanic's Took
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
46 Hastings St W.      t:      Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that hand is the hand that lifts the shaped dough
from the moulding machine to tho pan in which it ii
baked.   From the time the flour is placed in the dough-
mixer machinery does all the work, producing thousands of
loaves in the same time it takes the housewife te bake four.
Tott'II i«t«
Urns %_\ bB
^ Money ahead
hr tilii
mhsUr't 4-x
imd. Toor
■four ku &
Food UeenN
»o. e-ioex
IWmeot U
Pass Resolution on Cranbrook and Silverton
On Monday ovoning, the 28th inst,
the first official weekly meeting of
the B. C. ex-Soldiers and Sailors Labor Council was held in the largo
-hall of tho B. C. Loggers Union at
61 Cordova Stroet, west,
Being the initial meeting of this
organization, a large amount of
business, of necessity, had to bo
handled, and satisfactorily disposed
of. Application for membership woro
dealt with. Tho council's "Declaration of Principles" was read and
approved, aB also was tho constitution,
Letters wero read by thc secretary-treasurer from various branches
of organized labor in the province,
expressing their desiro to support
us in our efforts to organizo with
"all othor ranks" against the common enemy.
The following donations are acknowledged:
Steam and Operating Engineers,
Local 630, (50; International Longshoremen, Local 3852, $50; Boilermakers' Union, Local 102, $50; Machinists' Union, Local 777, $50; The
Vancouver Trades and Labor Couneil, $100,
Tho B. C. Loggers Union was also
thanked for tbo use of their headquarters, in which to conduct tho
business and hold meetings.
The following resolutions were
passed, after discussion without dissension: Sevoral members voiced
their indignation at tho action of
returned soldiers, in acting for and
on behalf of the boss, in tho rotten
treatment accorded to both McKenzie and Roberts,
Whereas, Alex McKenzie in his
capacity ae organizer for the B. C.
Loggers Union, was conducting the
affairs of that organization in an
orderly and lawful mannor,
And whereas, Cortain ex-service
men who are members of the Cranbrook branch of thc G. W. V. A.,
did compel tho above-mentioned organizer to deliver certain sums of
monoy that wero the proporty of
tho. B. C. Loggers Union, and did
further order him to leavo Cranbrook undor threats of violence in
opon defiance of tho law.
Thereforo, Be it resolved that we,
the B. C. ox-Soldiers and Sailors Labor Council, Vancouver Local No. 1,
strongly condemn tho action of thc
Cranbrook branch of tho G. W. V.
A. ln this matter and further reiterate our intentions to, at all times,
co-operate with organized labor, in
their fight for better conditions realizing as we do, that only by united
action will the lot of tho worker
and the ex-service man who is now
a workor, be improved.
Resolution respecting the T. B.
Roberts case at Silverton, B. 0,:
Whereas, The Slocan branch of
the G. W. V. A. did threaton violenco to T. B. Roberts, Miners' organizer at Silverton, B. C., unless lie
did, by a certain date, sot by thom,
loavc town.
Thereforo, Be it resolved that we,
the B. C ex-Soldiers and Sailors Labor Council)" Vancouver Local No. 1,
take tho stand opposing all such actions, now and in tho future, and
further, that we recognizo that no
good can come of such methods at
any time. Further we realize that
ex-service men who aro workers and
organized labor must of necessity
work in harmony together.
Copies of these resolutions have
been forwarded to tho local branches
of the G. W. V. A. at Cranbrook
and Slocan and Vancouver.
Tho secretary-treasurer was also
instructed to forward copies of tho
council's declaration of, principles
and othor literature, dealing with its
object, to different Central Lubor
bodies throughout the country.
With a view to other branches being formed in Canada for tho benefit of recently discharged men end
others who have not come in contact with this organization, we give
below a copy of leaflet being issued
showing the objects and principles
for which tho organization stands.
Object: To obtain a clearer and
botter understanding of conditions
as they confront us as ex-service
Declaration of Principles: We,
the cx-Soldiors' and Sailors' Labor
Council of British Columbia, hold-
That our intorests are in common
with the workers at all times and
opposed to the exploiter and profiteer, since we, being workere beforo we donned the uniform, must
necessarily flnd our plaoe in labor's
ranks when we have doffed the uniform.
That, ai workers, so long as the
preeent system continues, we shall
bo compelled to enter tho labor market, selling ourselves for wages* in
order to livo.
That since the cessation of hostilities, vast war manufactories have
closed down, throwing many men
and women out of work, which problem, great onough in itself, will be
accentuated and intensified by thc
demobilization of our comrades.
That during the whole of the war
period, whilo many of us wore on-
gaged in fighting, tho rest of tho
workers not only producod enough to
maintain ns in munitions, equip
ment, food, .etc., kept themselvos
and their dependents, but maintained in idleness and luxury a master
class, and produced many new millionaires and profiteers.
That, therefore, the greatest and
most immediate problem confronting
both the worker and ex-servioe man
s the refitting into industry of the
thousands of nen returning from
That as a temporary solution to
this immediate problom, we favor
the establishment of a six-hour
working day, and a five-day weok.
That we reoognime that no solution
can be found to our present sooial
lis, and economic distress, until the
present system for profit has been
replaced by a system for use.
That we eo-operate with organized
labor in a campaign ef education to
this ond.
We itand for fuH and s-offlaiont
remuneration for the maimed, wid-
»ws, orphans and other dependents,
and are reielved to do all "in our
power In the furtherance of some.
Oom Down tbe Una for the Pro
gressive Programme of
Organised Labor
Subscribing $3,000 to the Union
Becord, adopting by a solid vote a
resolution calling for the six-hour
day and appointing three delegates
to work on the committee in charge
of establishing a co-operative dry
goods store, Shipwrights and Joiners Local No. 1184 at a recent meeting wont down tho line for the progressive programme of organized
labor. Of the money subscribed to
tho Union Record,, $1,000 is a contribution to the expansion fund and
$2,000 for stock.
A penalty of $25 will hereafter
bo imposed on members who work
overtime more than four hourB each
Clash Occurs With Returned Soldiers at -
[By Francis Ahoaru]
When the Australian labor party
at an Inter-State conferenco, held
at Perth (Western Australia) last
June decided that henceforth the
color of tho party emblem should bo
Red the Australian anti-labor gov*
ernment responded by issuing a prohibition under the War Precautions
Act, declaring it illegal to fly the
Red Flag in Australia. Since then,
although the Rod Flag has beon
generally kept from tho tops of thc
Labor Temples, nevertheless on many
occasion it has boen flown. In oach
caso thouse caught flying tho lied
Emblem havo boen arrested and
either fined heavily or gaolod.
At the present time thoro aro a
goodly number of Socialists in gaol
fer flying tho Red Flag. Ono of the
latest gaoled—a lady Socialist in
Melbourno (Victoria)—gaino<J hor
liberty by going on a hunger Btrike.
About tho biggest organized attempt to fly the Red Flag took place
iu Brisbane (Queensland) on March
2-.I last when Russians in processes
through tho streets flew many ban-,
nera of Red. Tho poltjjo tried to
prevent them carrying tho Red Flags
and though thore were many clashes
with the polico no damago was done
or injury caused to person, Generally the Russians managed to boat off
the polico and their horses with
long poles on which they carried
their flags.
But tho aftermath was more serious. Organized bands of soldiers
were gathored together, and,
prompted by tho capitalistic press
and anti-labor-people, made an attack on the headquarters and meet*
ing hull of the Russiun association
in Brisbane on the ovening of March
23 and tho succeeding evening. General rioting ensued, and it resolved
itsolf into a clash botwoon the
stato polico trying to keep order and
the returned soldiers (egged on by
thc bourgooisie) -doing damage. On
the second ovening tho polico had
to be armed with bayonets and as
iho returned soldiers wero beaten
off and it began to leak out that
their bourgeoisie backers wero using them in trying to discredit the
labor government of Queensland,
they desisted. They also attacked
the oflico of the Daily Standard
which is the daily labor newspaper
of Brisbane, in that state but did
little or no damage. At the present time all is quiet again, and
whilst several Russians have, boon
prosecuted for flying tho Rod Flag,
many soldiers have also been prosecuted for rioting. I hoar that the
Australian Fedoral govornment is
beginning to deport Russians (of
Bolshevik tendencies) irom Australia, though whoro to . nobody
For publishing an article entitled
Bolshevism Has Broken Out in
Heaven-—God Abdicates," Mr. Bob
Ross, editor of tho " Socialist''
(Melbourne, Victoriu), and secretary of tho Victorian Socialist Party
hasbeon sent to gaol for six months
on a charge of "libolling God" and
blasphemy. He recently served a
week's sentoneo in gaol for flying
tke Bed Flag in Melbourno.
Says Profiteer to Ur. Glad:
"This striking business mikes me
Here is the Posties' strike today;
Important letters on the wayl
The only chance to get at mine
Is to go down town and stand in
"Whatf  Clarke Ind Posties both on
strike J
Well, did yon ever hear the like!"
"Sure, I have money.   I shall wire
And get this government to fire—
Whyf what's to hinder!   Operators
What    the    Dickens    is   thii    all
about f"      ,
"This governmont shall be recalled,
I'll take the train."
Tho trains are stalled!"
Hero ohauffeur, rush me to tho boat.
Whero is tho maul    Gone!    This
gets my goat!
Oh ,woll, tbe club's across the way.
"Whatf Cooks and waitcrsf Closed to day f
What shall I dot Where shall I
Said Mr. Glad to Profiteer,
There is no placo for you, I fear.
No place to go, what havo you
gained,       ,
Tow hands with men's blood and
Bwoat are stained.
What uso is wealth where brotherhood is spurned!
The great slow-moving labor worm
hue turned."
■end your old addreia with your
new one when making a change.
the meetings  held  every   Monday
evening at 61 Cordova street west.
Labor Produces Wealth
for  a  Class  Wliich
Does Not Labor
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
"There ie no rising to high place
but by crookod stairs." This famous apparism of Bacon says Hobson
is applicable alike to politics and
business, "This is tho result of reflection on tho nature of the competition iu these fields and of tho combination of aggressive self assertion
and pliability involved in success."
Our ordinary thinking needs somo
suoh corrective as such a statement
affords. Wo would be loath to think
that all successful business mon and
politicians are scoundrels, but undor
existing conditions wc aro justified
in regarding "success" with suspicion.
Of course, we have boen taught to
respect our '' betters." By our " bet-
tore" wo have not thought of those
who-are cleaner asd moro efficient
and less selfish and braver than we
uro, but rather thoso who by accident of birth occupy a higher social
position, those who aro "placed in
authority over us" or thoso who
have gained material woalth. Today in spite of religious sanction or
social traditions, we ref uso to accord
these a place of honor in our social
On this continent wo have, however, largely replaced "our betters"
by the self-made successful men.
Our "leading citizons" arc, almost
as a matter of course, the men who
.have made money, Thoy are held
up as models for tho rising generation. They aro the envy of thoir
less ."fortunate" friends.
Tlieir friends toll thom—and they
do not deny it—that their success is
due to their superior ability. Ability
is measured by tho amount of money
a man has made. Thut is almost the
solo standard.
Perhaps sometimes wo shnll reali-
ize that evon money-making abilities
oro "--not. those of the highost order.
Thcinrtlst, the teacher^ tho inventor,
may sometime be regarded as our
"loDidihg citizens"—those whom all
delight to honor.
But -even on tho low piano of
money-making ability success is by
no moans due to superior brain power. MFttnr.y tho holder of tho lucky
lottery j ticket strutting about as ho
is, letougratulatod on his brain power, mlsriit loss ridiculous to see tho
suatf-esBful real estate speculators
taking* it upon themselvos to lead
ther community in questions of public importance?
Lithe old days of Individual pro*
ductiot wealth did generally measure a; man's industry and ability.
In this age of social production it
may simply measure his selfishness
and un scrupulousness.
We would not deny that other
things being equal, tho man with
brains will attain greator success in
any lino of work than his loss
brainy competitor. Thus the "unsuccessful business man can by that
fact claim no special virtuo. His
lack of "success" inay not havo
been due to higher standards of
business morality; it may havo beon
due simply to lack of brains.
But what wo are slowly coming to,
understand, ifTtkut tho possession of
money is by no means a suro indication of brain power.
Money may bo inherited; brains
are not always inherited with it,
oven where both come in tho direct
line. Even if the children of the
wealthy inherit brains their training
as ai rule is bound to stunt the development of independence and initiative and oflicieney. Thoy are
coddled and pampered and educated
away from useful pursuits. It is by
no means certain that an inherited
fortune is a blessing!
Money may bo "made" by investments. Possibly it requires
brains to judgo what is a "safe"
investment. Such investments do
not bring in a fortune in a hurry.
The fortunate investor iB a man
who, like the gambler, stakes his all
on a chance. Brokers, financial
agents, and behind them company
promoters are the men who supply
the brains and cunning and not infrequently absolute disregard for
evory principle of morality.
But.oven when a   man  himsolf
makes" monoy he may not be
gifted with abilities above his fellows. How have the big fortunes
In Canada been wonf Road Myers'
History of Canadian Wealth. Exploiting the Indians, securing land
concessions, bribing governments to
secure charters or special tariff privileges—such have been th-e means
employed. Such fortunes may indicate a certain amount ef foresight.
One of these days they will be considered to indicato unscrupulousness.
During the war times, the big fortunes havo been made not by men
who gave better value to tho nation
than others, but by men who did
not hesitate to capitalize the world's
greutest tragedy, to wring profits out
of the Bufferings and needs of their
fellow citizens, and in tho name of
patriotism to mortgage the future
o£.*their country.
Even whon wealth is "made" by
so-called legitimate business methods, it need not denote superior mental ability. A fortunate chanco
gives a man t, "start." Ho is ablo
tyqgp our present system to securo
possession of oortain.  naturnl    ro-
nfcecs or what Bhould bo regarded
as-.community services. Ho hires
labor power. The wealth created
is eventually a social product. Under the present system tho owner is
able to claim the "profits" as his
own. Wilh these he secures more
natural r-osourcos—perhaps a monopoly. Ho "controls" some groat
public servico or essential industry.
Muscles and brains must como to
him for employment. With decreasing effort on his own part he
can now "mako" wealth at an accelerated pace. A larger and largor
proportion of the sooial product
oomes automatically into hie possesion. Man for man he may rank
no higher than many of his poorest
paid employees. Thow him on hie
own resources and he may not be
able to compete with his despised
subordinates. Yet he. today, the
man, considers that he has almost
a monopoly of brain powor and that
without him industry, and govern-
ring Hie Employees and Now Employs Prisoners ftom
Parole prisoners from the state
penitentiary at Monroe, Wash., have
taken thie place of strikers at the
Puget Mill ranch, Suquamiah Harbor, Hood Canal, according to John
Fahey, a worker of Seattle. The
troublo was due, he said, to the fact
that one of the men had been flred
for singing songs tho boss did not
liko. Hours and camp conditions,
the boys claimed wore bad, too, so
they thought it was about time to
q«it.      ^ t
Lisbon.—Tho Portuguese govornment has decided to establish a national eight-hour work day, starting
Juno 1.
Organiaztion of Workers
Goes on in Spite of
Dealing with the internal affairs
of labor, and the question as to
whether labor will lead or not,
George P. Wost haa the following to
say in Tho Nation:
Whether the labor movement is
prepared to givo leadership and direction to the country's democratic
forces will becomo apparent in June
when tho American Foderation of
Labor holds its annual convention
at Atlantic City. It iB not a question of the sentiment of the rank
and file, It is a question of organizing that sentiment and thon breaking through the obstacles that prevent its free expression. The rising
of thoso obstacles has been for yoars
a major concern of Mr. Gompers and
bis lieutenants, and it has como to
be looked upon as foolhardy to lay a
lance against them. Tho convention
is always boss-ridden by men who
prido themselves on thcir perfectly
running political maehino. Worse
still, the strongest and most promising men in the labor movement
refuse to concern thomsolves with
fedoration politics. Thoy lot Mr.
Gompers go his way while they go
theirs. In consequence, tho failure
of an insurgent movement to mako
headway at Atlantic .City would not
mean stagnation in the labor movement. It would moro probably mean
that vitality was definitely departing from the federation leadership,
and flowing instead into loeal economic and political movements.
Theso movements for the time being
are sporadic and unrelated, bnt they
must ovontually form in the national
field an orientation that will be the
end of Gomperism."
He then goes on to criticise the
Gomporian outfit for their halfhearted offorts to organize the Stoel
workers, and the packinghouse
workers, he says:
"Today the most important in
dustrial movements, or oconomic
movements, as Mr. Gompers calls
them, aro entirely out of tho hands
of Mr. Gompors and his lieutenants.
They are in the hands, significantly
enough, of the vory men wnose excursion into labor party politics Mr.
Gompors denounces on tho ground
that it will divert the movement
from "economic" action. They are
in the hands of John Fitzpatrick and
his associates of the Chicago Federation of Labor. It was thoy who organized 100,000 packing-house employees laBt year—a feat which involved tho invasion of ono of thc
groat monopolized industries that
had hitherto beon union-proof. It
was John Fitzpatrick who began
tho organizing of employees in the
steel industry, after faint-hearted
efforts, directed by Messrs. Gompors
and Morrison through years on end,
had left only a record of humiliating failure and a spreading conviction that the federation chieftains
felt safer and moro comfortable to
have these great bodies of men outside the palo. Yet the steel industry occupioB a strategic position in
the industrial fiold, and its opposition to collective bargaining has
been at once the inspiration and
tho sanction and bulwark for all
other employers, big and little, who
have dono their large part in making -American industry a battleground. Socretary Morrison thought
he was doing well if he could keep
his organizers off the pay rolls of
the steel companies. And all the
whilo Mr. Gompers was recognizing
men like Frank Feeney of Philadelphia, founder and president of fhe
small and unimportant Union ef Elevator Constructors, but a power in
politics, an agent of tho Penrose
machine, a foe of democracy, named by Colonel Mulhall as a paid
agent for tho strike-breaking wing
of the National Association of Manufacturers. ''
Whether the insurgents capture
the power at the coming convention
of the A. F. of L. or not does not
matter, but it is hardly feasible
that the change can be brought
about from the inside. Thc machino
is too big, and too well greased, and
the movement must bc cleaned up
from thc outside. This tho workers
in Western Canada have realized,
and huvo set themselves to tho task
of forming a real labor movement,
that will give expression to the
neods and aspirations of tho rank
and file instead of an autocracy thai
is mado up of men that, have lost
the  working class   viewpoint,   that
if thoy ever had it, which is
doubtful. Gompers will couso to exploit the labor movement, when thc
workors desiro to clean house. Tho
Canadian workers are cleansing
houso at this time. No man with
the slightest taint of suspicion of
playing tho game of the employers
can in this day hold office, or represent the workors In the city of
Vanoouver, Victoria or In any of
the better organized districts.
Patronize Federationist  advertisers and tell them why you do so.
 1 "'"
stitutions would go to cmnsh.
It is. high time his accepted poei-
gfljfo]   in.  -linn   wn. _._,n11_,,.geJ.
We'd Uke
some ot
and automats to recognise tkat
BPEINO has really arrived and tkat if
they dalay they will need to ba aider-
log Summer Suits. Ws ara -rati* busy,
and it takes time to make suits in
a proper manner, sueh "alone as tko
"B. O." make. So it's in yoty interest we're asking tkat you Iat as kare
yoar orders at ones tkat wo way give
you tkat satisfaction that will satisfy
us as wall as you. We mak* tk* laett,
beat and smartest suits, and ha*r* the
testimony of tea years' trading for
this, but we cannot tarn out suits to
satisfy at ten minutes' noties. lo
please some early. Come nowl right
now.  No time like the present.
$45 up     $35 up
B.C Tailoring Co.
Kta.11.bed  1128   HASTINGS I Xoei Theatre I
mo      STREET EAST      •*»"    I
Our Economy
Is the Place to Buy Men's Work Boots and
N Children's School Boots
Steelite Boots
Solid leather right through, "and there's double
the wear in every pair."
Outing Footwear for tho whole family
at lowest prices in the city.
Oood ler ens r—r's •utierjpt.on to 3c f
1 _r\    &     M        _ft 1 B.   O.   FtdMltlontsi   wiJi   fc-s SU-lei  to I
10 Sub. Cards g^gJaBEl
for Baby
Rave yon a bouncing baby Moy _\
your home—or, perhaps It's *
dimpled gixl? If so, no one bettor
than yeurself realises that baby's
health, happiness and Tory life depends on nourishing, body-building
Noxt to mother's milk our special selected approved milk lias tho ingredients
that will put thr laughter of health la
your baby's eyes.
This m.]k comes from a herd cf pure-
bri'd contented Hoist-sin cows. Tour
doctor or nnrso will toll you that Hi.l-
stein milk Is very- different from other
millii- It Is not loaded with greasy fats
thpkt form a hard, tough curd in baby'*
delicate stomach. U ii dlgcited with tho
mme oaso as mother's milk and, being
■iiiun.'d to baby's stomach, every bit Of
its wkoloKomo, body-building nourishment
Is assimilates.
Try it—It'll put dimples iu the girls
snd "bounce" In tbe boys.
Valley Speoill
Putter — the
butter that bet.
ten tht bread.
70c pound, d*»
elivbnth yeab. No. m    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
Publiehed etery Prld.y mornins br tht
B. 0. Federnionlet, Limited.
A. & Wells Manager
Office! Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir
St.   TeL Eichange, Soy. 7495
After fl p.m., Seymoar 7497K
■tibierlption Rsteo: United Stetee Bnd
Vorelsn. $2*00 per feet; C.nnile. SI.50
per yeer- in vancouvor City. 12.00
per rear; to Union* eubecribin. in .
lodjr, 11.26 per member per year.
.^m *■■ ■ '■ ■ *.**. ■  i^. ■■   ■  ■ *w ■ w ■ %Ww
Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World.
...May  2,   1919
MAY DAY has again come
around, but the international
solidarity with which May
Day is associated is not yet con-
sumat-ed.    In France there waa
general strike and
ANOTHBB demonstration to en*
MAY force     certain     do*
DAY mands.  This is proof
that at least ia that
country the workora are still
held in subjection. The past
yoar, however, has brought many
ohanges, which denote the growing
solidarity, and class consciousness
of the workers. Like a ray of light
In a wilderness of darkness and
chaos, the Urat Co-operative Bepublic has been firmly established in
Bussia. We make that statement
advisedly, snd in spite of the many
des, and misrepresentations that are
mads as to the situation in that
Eountry, only this week has there
been another flood of lies let loose
as to the situation in Bussia. Remarkable as it may seem, those that
leem to know the most, and say the
most about the conditions in that
sountry, are those that have aot
been in the regions where the Bolshoviki* is in power, but have only
been in the districts where the counter-revolutionists are in control, or
the Allied' forces ars in eommond
af the situation. Under these conditions, we do not wonder at tho
stories of snarchy that prevail, but
It must be understood that those
tbat have boen in close touoh with
the Soviet controlled districts, have
another story to tell. They deny
that anarchy prevails. We do aot
deny that anarchy prevails ln the
districts that do not come under the
sontrol of the Soviet government.
tor, realising that wherever the
forces that represent the prosent
tystem are in control, there anarchy
Bust prevail, we ean understand the
viewpoint gathered in thesa districts. Capitalism is anarchy, it is
more, it is madness without rs-
Itraint, and where that system prevails, thore can not be anything else
but chaos.
•      •      •
That, tho establishment sf the
proletariat in the saddle in Bussia
la the forerunner of the emancipation of the working olass, the world
•ver, there oan be no doubt. If
there we're, the anxiety of the
world's ruling class, and the attempts to erlpple the new democracy
is proof enough that it has come te
stay, and is a menace to the present
system based en the elass ownership I
•f the means of wealth production.
Cries of bloodshed, and atrocities
have been hurled at the Bussian
workers, by a elass in sosisty that
is guilty of the rery crimes that it
now accuses the workers of. There
have boen more women and ohildren
done to death by the slow process of
itarvatlon as a result of the Allied
blockade, than there haa beea members of the bourgeoise killed. These
are the facts, as ean be proven. The
Allies have along -with Germany,
stopped the means ef bringing about
reliof from the temporary shortagos
af foodstuffs. At their door must be
laid th* deaths of those that have
died aa a rosult of laok of the necessities of life. In spite of all the dif-
lenities offered, the progress of tke
Bussian commonwealth is marvellous, This ean be proven by the
Statements of men like Raymond
Bobbins. Albort Rhys Williams and
Humphries, nons of whom wore ...
aialista, and in some casos evon went
to Bussia, as opponente of the Bolsheviki. It is because the Soviet
government, if firmly established, is
a sure beginning of the end of capitalism, that all the howling-ls going
np from the ruling elass, But ere
another May dawns, the workers
will have token big strides towards
tlieir emancipation, if it is not actually accomplished. May Day then
will be Labor Day ia reality.. Speed
the day.
THB WOBKEBS have beon accused of trying to bring about
changes by violence.   But for
Itupidity,* and  criminal  folly,  ws
must tun te ths ruling class er
bourgeoise mind. Bo-
MOBfl cently a journal de-
EOOL voted to the moving
ACTIOS. picture business, issued instructions to
Ihe managers of theatres and advertising agents for moving picture
houses, in which they are urgod te
Inaugurate a controversy on Social-
Ism and Bolshevism, and the suggestion is offered, that red flags be put
hp, and returned soldiers be hired to
bar them down. This is all offered
|n conneotlon with a photo play,
lhat ia supposed to depict Bolshevism at work. The entire thing is a
Irame-up to discredit the teaching of
the Socialist philosophy, and if possible, attempt to provo the monstrous Hts that have been circulated
jbout the Soviet regime. In the in*
Hructions, or suggestions, th* fel
•wing appears:
"Bolshevism is the quostion ef
tke hour. It has spread to every
town aad village. In some places
its adherents do not dare openly
discuss Ml* matter, but they hav*
lh* eoraaffo to *ng*g* ln an aa-
•nymoti* discussion. Ia th* larger places yoa will Snd circles
Openly ran. Tea wlB flnd ne lack
ef opponents in th* larger town*.
Save all of the clippings for lobar
work wkea your open campaign
take this question up. The subject is timely and most ministers
know tbjtt a well-advertised topic
will draw the crowds. Announoo
tho sormon on your screen for
threo or four days in advance*"
Then follows this delightful pas-
"Perhaps you can go further
and get some local patriotic socioty to hold an anti-Bolshevik
mass nieeting. It can be done. If
your house is closed on Sunday,
lend your house for tho meeting.
If you can run seven days, help
the society get a hall. It will repay you. Oct out posted paper,
advising all to attond the meeting
and then see the play. There ar*
both one and three sheets which
can be stripped to advantago in
this oonnection. Don't think you
can not pull thia stunt until you
have tried."
* «      *
If we are correctly informed, the
Vancouver city couneil hu already
been approached for a permit for
this "play" and support. The instructions conclude as followa:
"Bun an extra night show.
Havo a special showing for school
children. Work all of the crowd
stunts. Fnt up red flags about
town aad bin soldiers to tear
them down if necessary and then
come out with a flaming handbill,
explaining that the play is not an
argument for anarchy. Have the
bills ready printed, that you may
get them out quickly or the idea
may boomerang. Work out th*
limit on this and you'll not only
clean up, but profit by future busl-
• »      •
Such is business, and th* methods
that are taken to obtain it There
is trouble enough in the world today, without any deliberate attempt
to create riots, in order that moving
picture theatres should reap the harvest from thom. Apart from the
business end of the matter as affecting the theatres, there must bo
other influences at work. There
must be a campaign of propaganda
to offset the teachings and propa*
ganda of the working class movement. This is only in line with
the propaganda that ia going
on in the press ef the ruling elass. Lies are manufactured by the yard, and let loose
by the column in the daily papers of
tho different countries, in the attempt to discredit the Bussian democracy. Turning back we have recollections of the attempts that were
made hero to bring about a clash between the returnod men, and tho
workers, by the rumors that were
circulated a* to the attempts that
were to be made to close the meetings held on Sunday evenings, under the auspices of the Socialist
Party, and the Labor Party. That
there is a connecting link betwoon
this new attempt to stir up trouble,
and the laat one, there can he no
doubt. Th* returned soldiers organizations, and the Labor movement ahould aet together, ia the effort to prevent any suoh fool stunts
as is suggested in the journal men
tioned, for thoir interosts are identical in preserving the peace, and in
preventing any such diabolical attempts to create riots boing success*
ful. Now that the facts are known,
the responsibility for allowing such
performances being staged, rests
with the censor of moving pictures,
and ths eity authorities, and if they
are allowed, the blame aa to any
ovil results will rest with thos* officials. In the meantime every knock
at the new democracy is a boost,
and proves that the enemy of democracy i* ia desperate strait* in
the efforts ta discredit it.
...ltay t, Ult
other a slave class. The owning
cluss own the machinery of production, and tho natural resources, and
the other nothing but tlieir power to
labor. This labor power must be sold
in order that tho workers may live.
The product of the workors is taken
from them at the point of production, and so long as that condition
exists, there will be labor troubles
and unrest. When the workers were
freed from the land when feudalism
was abolished, thoy were also freed
from everything, but the chance of
getting a job. Jobs are becoming
more and more scarce, and instead
of conditions becoming better, they
will get worse. As they get worso
the lot of the working class will become more precarious, and degrading, and labor unrest will be more
acute. Labor must give its attention and effort to bringing about a
completo chango in society, and instituting a system of production for
proflt; that accomplished, labor unrest will be no more, and Boyal
commissions will have no place to
sit, either upon the workers or any
other placo, for the workors will be
able to solve their own problems,
and bring about peaco, and plenty
for aU that work, either by hand or
brain. In that day the practice of
appointing commissions to find out
why there is se much unrest will
be abolished along with the system which has produced tho trouble
that has been investigated, or glossed over,
'____ can
DURING th* week the Indus*
trial    Belations    Commission
has been sitting itt Viotorla
and Vanoouver.   What is expected
to be accomplished by thia inquiry
into the failure of
SITTINO capitalism te  pro*
OB* THB *  vide the slave* of
QUESTION. the system ' with
jobs, no en* seems
to be able t* tail. If th* oommii-
sloa had been appointed t* bring in
a solution, it should hav* been
made up pf men with a knowledge
of the system under whieh w* live,
and not, as it ia, of men that so far
as anyone knows, are not competent
to give any real idea aa te what is
wrong with society. With perhaps
on* exception, the commission is
made up of men that have only the
bourgeoisie outlook, and have only
a passing acquaintance with eeo<
nomine. The labor organizations ia
Vancouver and Victoria, aa represented by the eontral bodies, have
not boen represented at the hearings, for the simple reason that they
realise that the object of tht commission is to try and patch th* pres
ent system, and not to bring about
any changea whioh would materially
affect tho profit* of tht ruling elass,
or giv* th* workers a better ltt in
•       •      •
Then hat, however, bem many
that havt appartntly had strong desires to air their views before th*
commission, Everything under th*
sun has been advanced as the eause
of industrial unrest, exoept the real
oause, which is the presont mode of
production. Mr. Makovski, as usual,
has been la the limelight airing his
ignorance of things in general, and
lubor unrest in particular. Thon we
have that ex-missionary, and now
head of the Khaki Labor Union,
voicing his views as to the conditions prevailing. He took the stand
that it was caused through unemployment. If that is so, how ia it
that ths workors who are employed
aro dissatisfied, and are many times
compelled to strike! We could go
on and examine the many and
varied statements mado by such men
as Mr. Neill of tbe B. 0. Employers'
Association, but it would be usoloss,
as all the arguments put forward,
and th* views expressed, from thc
cure-all of government work, and
th* exclusion ef Asiatics, ar* all
dealing with effects, and mere temporary pallatlves, which would not
remedy anything if they were car
ried out. Th* trouble In society Is
b**M** th*r* ar* two class**   in
UNABLE to step the growing
Socialist sentiment in the
U. S. A., more bomb outrages,
such as tho Moonoy affair in San
Francisco, are boing framed up.
From now on there
will be bombs and
infernal machines
in every mail, and
the sonding of
them will be laid at the door of the
Socialists of that oountry. This is
no new scheme, and was made to
work overtime in the States against
the I. W. W., but it will not stop
the tide of Socialism sweeping
through the world. The outcome
may be that violent scenes will be
witnessed in that land ef the
brave and home of the free, and
the propaganda may well result in
widespread revulsion of feeling
amongst tht peoplt against the
scandal and trouble mongers. That
the art of bomb-throwing is not the
custom of the Socialist movement,
thoso that know anything about it
will admit. In faot, bomb-throwing
has been taught to a considerable
extent in the last four years or more
by tho ruling class, but to those
that understand society as it ia to*
day, this method is the most useless
to bring about changes. Anarchy
or anarchistic utethods come from
attributing the evils of society to
the actions of individuals. Those
with these ideas, think that changes
can be made by the removal ot persons ia power, and at the heads of
nations or large organisations. This
view is held largely by aome of the
employers in Vancouver, as they
have advocated the removal of certain individuals that are at the head
of labor organisation* in the oity.
The Socialist, however, knows that
individuals are the product of the
environment, and the system, so instead of attempting to bring about
changos by the removal of the individual, or any other anarchist
methods, they art centering their
efforts on the changing of the environment, and the system that breeds
th* individualistic, or anarchist outlook. They may blame th* Socialist* for th* tending of bombs
through the mails, but no Socialist
would be so silly, and we aro inclined to tho opinion that th* whole
thing is a frams-up to discredit th*
Sooialiat movement, but it WiU Itt
it would not be good for us to allow
the Bev. Mr. Thomas to leave*the
oity, without at loast expressing ap*
prceiation for the very evident sincerity displayed in dealing with
working class problems by this, gentleman. One can, by having followed this gentleman's speeches, and
sermons, note the change that* has
taken place in his outlook on the
workers' position, and we trust that
he will finally realize that tho welfare of humanity can only be* safeguarded by the abolition of the presont system, and that this can only
ba brought about by the workora
themselves, and that he will align
himself with that class iu its mission. In this he will be doing more
for humanity than by endoavoring
to save their souls for the life hereafter.
First we art told that thtn It
Uttlt money in Bussia, and if we
ara to believe all we are told, it it
useless what there is ef it, and then
we are told that Bolshevist doctrines
are being proached throughout tht
world, and that thia propaganda is
paid for by Bussian money. A short
time ago it was German money, end
Mr. Makoviski, who by the way has
a name that sounds somewhat liko
a Russian appellation, states that
the propagannda going on ia Vancouver is being aided by Germans,
He also stated that it waa sont into
this country by Germans, As an instance of this (if press reports are
true), he cited tho Nation, which is
a New Tork publication, evidently
wishing to infer that thie was a German publication, or under German
influence. Now, we art not concerned as toj who is paying this money
over for the propaganda, but we are
lnterostod In locating where the
money is distributed from. Can Mr.
Makoviski give us any information
on this pointf He should be able to
give the information as to who is
directing the propaganda, or shut
up, or we will have to have another
opportunity for Pritchard to prove
to a Vancouver audience how Uttlt
thlt busybody knows.
Wt wert of the opinion that the
League of Nation* was to bt established to prevent war. and to ensure
peaee in the world. Tht press states,
"That then will bt no neutrals
when Leaguers go to war, to enforce
poace." Ye gods, what logic, and
hew simple, we will go to war to
preserve peace.  Next, pleasel
It is not ofton that a minister of
the Gospel, is able to see the position of the workers. It is moro rare
to find one of them that has any
conception of what is going on in
the world. They are mostly concern*
ed In the things that are to befall
us whon wo are dead. Vnncouvor
has had for some little time, onc of
those who have not been blinded by
theological training, in the person of
tho Rev. Dr. Thomns of Wesley
ehuroh. This worthy gentleman has
left tho city this weak to take up
work for the Methodist church, Unit
is somewhat different to that usually undertaken by churches. Ho hns
left to carry on a propaganda towards rorrylng out the policy adopted by the Methodist church,
which la pledged to bring about a
change in society, and institute production for uso, instead of profit,
We de not think that tho Methodist
church will bs a vory matorial factor in bringing about this ohangt,
It will have to be made by the work*
With the exception of the contrasts drawn by the Vancouvor
Daily World, we accept the definition of that paper as to our stand.
Now that we have made ourselves
plain, and the World understands
our position, may we atk, that this
paper will in the future refrain from
either politely or otherwise, misunderstanding us. We art pltased at
having beon able to havt our editorials understood, because it ia more
than we can do with some of tht
editorial! wrltton by tht writers of
editorials in tha capitalist pros*.
Th* tendoncy to secure returned
men to work at ltss rates than is
paid usually in the cities is still in
evidence. This week carpenters have
been sought for Terrace, B. C. at
60 cents per hour, with a ten-hour
day, and One dollar twenty per day
board, and the men to provide their
own blankets. While the above ratt
has been offered for carpenters, laborers have beea offered 40 oenta par
hour, with a nine-hour day, and one
dollar per day for board. This ia
evidently another instanct of how
capital and labor oan get together.
Fanoy slaves that havt to provido
their own homes, and oarry them
on their backs loving and slobbering
over their masters. That the soldiers are not falling for this stuff ia
a good sign.
It has been said that a certain
firm ln tht city offered a returned
man a job as an auto mechanic, 12
houra per day, with the magnificent
salary of OiO per week. Porhaps
some of our returned soldier friends
can give us the facts,
Tht editor of the War Veteran it
very evidently laboring under a do
lusion. In this week'a issue of the
soldier's weekly then are soma comments on the Calgary conference,', in
which statements art madt as to
Delegate Broateh of Calgary being
an opponent of the 0. B. U. If our
information is correct, Del. Broateh,
who by the way, is an alderman in
Calgary, is one of tht most ardent
supporters of the new form of or*
ganization, in that eity.
The 0. B. U. in Line »*
With British Movement
_____        *.i.
(Continued from page 1)
nltiena industry waa tied up by a
great strike led by thia same organisation of shop stewards. The strikers demanded the withdrawal and
modification of tht new Munitions
Act; in other words, th* strike was
a political one. Thit timt tht trada*
union leaders had ao need to repudiate the strike; tht rank and lit
through itt new organiiatioa openly repudiated their leaders. The
governmont threatened drsstlo aetion and arrested the strike committee. But, Vie new organization was
now far mon complete than lt had
beea in tht previoui spring, when
deportation was carried out with apparent success. Th* shop committees wert organlied throughout tht
wholt dlitrlet, with telegraphic code
and a corpi of motor dispatch riders.
Tht threat of a geaenl strlk*
brought about th* unconditional release of th* arrestid oommlttee, and
aa agreement under which th* bill
wat withdrawn and modified.
Thla wu solidarity with • tm-
?enoe, and showed conclusively that
hi ntw form of organisation had
succeeded when tht only form of
craft organization* had failed; Tha
Sovernment tried to bring about the
efeat of the new movoment, but
without avail. Dealing with tht ae-
tivitiei of tht tradts union exeoa-
tivoe, Mr. Olds iayi that thty an
antagonistic, this position is taken
by the executives of th* international unions on this continent, but
they will wage a bitter warfare on
the new organization if it lies within their power, they an far mon
unscruplous than they art ia tht
old land, Mr. Olds says on thli lido
of th* matter "Today thli new industrial unity persists in large districts, even nationally. It is still opposed by tht national trade unloa
exccutivei, but is still ablt to call
large strikes in spite of the opposition." The history of tho activities
ef the workors during the war, ia
tht old land, ia this oountry, and
in the U. 8, proves that the worker! are losing that old-time Idea of
eraft demarcations, and that they
are more and mor* acting tu industrial units, this li ln lint with
industrial development, and will continue as time goes en to grow, aad
the 0. B. U. is a practical proposition to bring about that necessary
form of organization, not to lit tii
whims of individuals, but to Jt ia
with the times and the evident lin*
of actio* marked oat by tho rank
and Hi*. < * I
J. Kavanagh Speaks to a
Large Audience on
the 0. B. U.
A large audience assombled at the
Westholme Thoatre on Bunday,
April 27, to hear President Jack
Jack Kavanagh of th* B. C. Federation of Labor speak on the "One
Big Union" and tho Calgary Conference.
George Casey, local vice-president
of the Federation, acted as chair-
maa. In opening the meeting the
chairman pointed out that everything wat in a process of constant
change, and that the labor movement did not differ -from aay other
phenomena in this. He went on to
point out that tht conditions arising out of tht cessation of war production wa* in th* main responsible
fer thi demand for a now form of
Inasmuch a* th* meeting was fer
the purpose of informing th* workers of Prince Bupert on the ouestion
of th* On* Big Union, in order that
they might vott intelligently upon
lt, he trusted th* speaker would be
given a courteous and attentive
President Kavanagh, ln tht course
of an address which lasted one hour,
dealt with the conditions which
were in exlstenoo immediately prior
te th* war, and showad how th*
stagnation in industry du* to a lack
of market for th* surplus commodl*
ties had manifested itself in wide*
spread unemployment and breadlines. Tht war had provided a new
market, a market which eould not
be satisfied—Industry waa speeded
up, the unemployed were absorbed,
and the workera had built ap their
organizations in order to keep pace
witk tht increasing eost of living.
The war market is now closed,
and those millions who have been
engaged ln the business of destroying and producing means of destruction an coming lack to take their
place ia productive occupations.
Tkey an coming back to Industries
in which there ii no place for them,
ind tho condition of unemployment
it rapidly becoming worse than in
1214. Because of this, and alio bo-
cause the workeri have no desire
to go baek to thl conditions which
they had to endure in pre-war days,
the demand oamt from tht trade
unions that an industrial union be
formed, that eraft division! be eliminated in order that a greater degree of solidarity could bt realized.
Tht "On* Big Union," which is
now before tho membership for
their consideration, is tht result of
that demand)
The six-hour day resolution whloh
is now bef on tht membership, is being put forward, not at a solution
for unemployment—that tannet be
solved while the present system of
produetion continues, but in tht endeavor to temporarily east thi situation.
The speaker pointed out that it
wai not likely that men who had
fought for what they thought wai
thtlr eountry, would be willing to
lit down and starve. "If they could
be ted and.clothed and supplied with
th* meant of destruction for thii
last four years, they would hardly
believe that they could net be fed
now that thty wen baek aad trilling tt tak* part ia useful production.
Th* need for clear working-class
education in order that the workers,
returned mea aad others, might not
be etampeded into somo action
which would permit of tht poweri
of thl state being uaed against
them, and th* necessity of taking
into consideration tke political situation in tkt United Statu wai also
dealt with.
Thi greetings stat to thl Bolshs-
vikl aad Spartaeau, and tht eritl-
olsm levelled agalnit samt, win all*
dealt with.
Ont hoar wa* devoted to question., aad quMttoai oa aimed *very
phast of thi inbject wen uktd
aad dealt witk by tht speaker.
A collection of 4152.76 wu rt-
ceived to eovtr expenioe aad waist
ia sarrrylng oa propaganda.
Flat Janitor* Advance
Chicago —Th* Flat Janitors'
Unloa it initiating large numben
of these worker*. Tkt union hat a
membenhlp of over 8,000. It ta
afflliated with tke A. F. of L.
Discharged Employee! Declare Oaa
ada Copper Company Unfair to
Organlted Labor        •!'
The following resolution has beei
passed by the discharged employees
of the Canada Copper Company. Th*
men nre Btill holding out and nothing is being done around the minei.
"Whereas, owing to the demand
mnde by tho employer! of tho Canada Copper Company at Copper
Mountain, B. C, that all employeei
belonging to the B. 0, Loggers
Union, working for ths said eom*
pany, oither withdraw from the
B. C. L. U. or take their timo; and,
"Whereas tho said company discharged its employees for not obeying the dictates ef the said company;
"Thoroforo bo It resolved that
wo, the late employees of the Canada Copper Company, 20 In numbor,
do hereby declare the Canada Copper Company unfair on account of
discharging us for belonging to the
B. C. Loggers Union.
"Committee,_Dennls   Btheri
Straw Hats
and Panamas
They're here, and
there is one among
them to suit your particular fancy. The
prices are quite reasonable.
and a variety of
shapes that are sure
to please.
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
ON THE 0. B. U
Good Meeting Also Held
at Nanaimo on the
O.B. U.
President J. Kavanagh of th* B.
0, Federation of Labor, returned
from Prince Bupert on Wednesday,
he reporte that laat Sunday a splendid meeting was held in the Northern city, where the queetlon of the
One Big Union, and other important
matten were discussed. The meeting was one of the largest that haa
ever been held in tha oity of Prine*
Bupert, and waa also most enthusl*
astie. As usual, rumors of attempts
to break up the meeting were circulated, but did not materialise, a
collection waa taken and realised
over $160, whloh will give-some ide*
as to th* size of the meeting and
enthusiasm of the audience, On
Sunday last Vice-presidents J. Naylor and P. McDonnell ad .tossed a
large audience at Nanaimo, and thl
same intorest waa displayed by the
audienoe at the Coal city, at waa
displayed at the Northorn port Vice
President McDonnell also attended
a special meoting of the Victoria
Machinists last Saturday and ev-
plained the proposal to th* members
Vancouver Tradu and Labor
[May 4, 1804]
Joo Dawson and Wm. Elliott, new
delegate* to th* Trades and Labor
Couneil (vice D. Holmwood aad
Geo. Noonon) to represent Main-
land Steamshipmen's Association.
Major Williams of New Westminster advised to form looal union of
Stato of trad* fair, bat building
trades very quiet.
Meeting tto Need
tha Amalgamated Olothing Wethers of America, aa industrial union,
haa began the Issuing of charters to
groups of workeri in a line euts.de
tht clothing lnduitry. Thl textile
worktn of Lawrence, atlll oat oa
strlk*, hav* applied to th* amalgamated fer a charter. In following
these linee the amalgamated ll muting a sadly felt nee* for th* organization of unskilled aad s.mlikilled
faotory worken.
'The Hoom Behind the Good*"
"As In
lif o, we
and th*
nlng aa
a gam* of sards, so in tho gam* of
mut play with what is  d**M te,
glory consist* aot so mush la win-
in playing a pear hand will."
find and Aching FoH
To* needn't havt them. Callouses,
run-over heelt, aad fallen archet
disappear by wearing supports
whieh I make to measure. Walking
becomes a pleasure. Foot Specialist,
Boom 18, Old Haatinga W. (over Id-
Cent Store).   Open f to I evening*.
-At J. H. Bt-my'i (nothing Stores-
Don't forget tliat tyis Store
will close every Satuiday
at 6 o clock
Two Large Union
Stores for the Men
We haoe the Suite that will
give you everlasting service
—and we pride our selves—that we are able to
secure the highest type of ready-to-wear clothing—original in design—sensible in patterns
and colorings—and tailored by real experts at
this trade.
Prices range in easy stages from
$20.00 up to $50.00'
J. N. Harvey
125-127 Hastings St Weet
AIM 614 018 TatM Strut,
Victoria, & a
"Strike Notice"
UNION MBN, do you know
that the next ttrike la Vancouver is going to be an
It will be the greatest strlk*
for yon, provided you hold a
paid-up membership la th* SUB-
Don't wait until "BVEBY-
BODY" knows there il oil in tht
Fraeer Valley,
All th. Dlrecton of this Compear
ere. or brawlr we™, ONION ae/
represoatia* PIVI diteroal Unloni.
They knew year poollloa, therefore
tee ar. assured of • -.trel.ht desl.
Tke SURREY OIL CO. eharos an
the beet bay ia tbe city. Oell and
I will prove It. LIMITED 188UE, 5
cute per shere.
Small eeplMUatlon, large bolt-
Oet roar enters la QUIOX. Oaa
.air be obtain! iroa
G. Gatheral Fleming
Phont Bey. _M7
Open till t Ssturday evening
Client* who patroni** my
office* oai be absolutely
Every modern method
known in the *cienc* of dentistry it applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Bvenlngi 7 to I
o'oloek.  Dental Nun* ia
tn Owl Drug Store
Phon* Sey. 6251
1160 Georgia Strert
9*M__f services, 11 a.m. and T.IO p.*.
Banda?    ilbtol    Immediate!/    following
morning MtriM.   Wednesday testimonial
meeting,   I   p-m.   Fm   reading   room.
It you want your motoroyola
or bicyele overhauled or repaired
at reasonable prloea, par u a_
Wa bar and sell used maohlnea
af all kinds. Wa repair sewing
maahlnn. Lava mowera sharpen-
ed. Oat oar prlcea before buying.
Ml MAW ST.   (nesr Hietlnes)
urooaroEATBD us*
Bank of Toronto
Asset* 184,000,000
D*posit« .._.,    88,000,000
Joint Saving! Aooonnt
A JOINT Setlnji leeo-al nay to
opened at Tbe Bank ol Teroate
la th. nam. of tw. er mor.
pereone. Is th.ee aioouote either
pertr mar elm cheques « deposit
moner.    hr  th.  Merest ae-ibers
ef a taxell, or a Arm a Jolat	
Is often a ir.it aoBToalenoo. lBt.net
■ pal* .a balaaoe.
V.ncouTM Br.n«h!
Oeraes Bastlais aat OsaMa Itnete
Breaches alt
Victor^   Herrltt, K.w Weet-alaoM
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:     , *
Society Brand
Rogers Building
846 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Thoutaads tl UfflOl WU com* *
SloUis aa* AtSSttVeaeJ^ai
Oor poller costs 11.00 psr
aad op.
Oor poller para for all aeeUoala.
Our poller pan for erery kaem
Oar address Is 101 Rosen laiWa*
Oar phon. comber le Ih"**. ITH.
■ W,,.wJS!l*A.'JM,bJt repreienlelh*
la eaeh OHIO* LOCAL.
Blag ap Phon* Kjaonr ISM tea
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sett* 101 Dominion BalKt_f
-May 1, Ult
eleventh tbab. No. i»    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIOT   VAKootrna, a a.
page Fnn
WE are able to announce the
arrival of our Spring order
of Boys' "Iron Frame"
Shirts, suitable for school or outdoor wear. This well-known
brand is a sufficient guarantee of
the wearing qualities of these
Shirts, which come with double
and polo collars, in pale blue,
khaki and black—
$1.00 and $1.25
Boys' W., G. A R. Shirtwaists,
with collar attached, and sports, in
neatly designed patterns, also
plain colors, in sizes 11 to 14.
Sports Convertable and Detachable Collar Shirts, for Spring and
Summer wear, in a full range of
colors, reasonably priced, from-
90c to $2.00
Clubb & Stewart
We carry a complete stock of—
We also carry a full line of SPORTING and FISHING TACKLE
339 Hastings Street West
Men'i Hattere uid Outfitter!
•SO OranviU* Stntt
010 Hasting* Street Wwt
Phon* My. 821      Dar or Night
Nunn, Thomion A Olegg
Otl Homer St,  Vancouver, B. O.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized,
Capital Paid-up
.$ 25,000,000
.$ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets $360,000,000
US branohei ia Canada, Newfoundland and British
Wert Indie*.
Alio branohei In London, .England; New Tork Oity tad
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver i
Main Offlce—Corner Hasting* and Homer Streets,
Corner Main and Halting* Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robeon Streeta.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Wert,
Corner Cordova and Carrall Street*.
Corner Granville and Davie Street*.
Corner Qranvllle and Seventh Ave. Wert.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Streot
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vanoouver, New Wutmineteir and fl ether
point* is Britiih Columbia.
Ou dollar open* a* aeteaal *a which latere* I* paid kalfycaity
at earrtat rat**,
Manage* _______ "Meat* |g_______*|_L__J
Takes Position That It Is
Not Aliens But System
That Is Wrong
"Onr Alien Enemies," dealt with
in an addteie hy J. S. Woodsworth
in tho Dominion Hall aome monthi
ago, wort again under consideration
by the aame speaker at the P. L. P.
meeting on Sunday evening in the
new quartera at the Columbia Theatro. A request had been made for
a repetition of Ur. Woodsworth'a
addreu, and a large and very attentive crowd were present.
According to Seeretary Trotter'e
preliminary remarks, eome of the
alien* here, whether enemies or not,
art ia what an Irishman might call
"a divil of a flxj" he mentioned
tome Rusaiane, in particular, who
wanted to go horn* but wen refused tickets, under instructions
from tht authorities. So that it ap*
peared one force was pushing them
out and another waa Keeping them'
in, Oomrade Trotter's suggestion
waa that they be marched to the relief office, and rations be demanded for their maintenance.
Ur. Woodsworth came equipped,
aa before, with several large charts
of statistics, but would not promise to give exactly the same lecture
as on the former occasion. He coun*
tered the queition, "What shall we
do with the aliens 1" by reversing
it to "What aro the aliens going
to do with usl" That the second
question wa* aa much "a propos"
ai the first, appeared from his showing that only about one-half of
Canada's present population are of
British stock, the remainder being
drawn from about 30 different races
of "foreigners"!
Tht second chart showed
prairie district containing over 1000
homesteads. About one-half of
these were occupied, the settlors
boing of about 25 different nationalities; very few were English, and
tho majority wert Oalicians and
Bukowinians. The remaining half
of the homesteads wero vacant, being held idle by the C. P. B. and
other speculators, including Americans. The speaker obsorved that
the government had done their utmost to got foreign investors to
come In and take the natural resources that ought to belong to the
By means of another chart, it was
shown again how the prairie prov-
incoa are, for 1000 miles, sottled up
by a "general mixture" of peoples.
Even a govornment official, located
there, waa surprised to flnd a Canadian family among them, and declared there Were "not many of
dem kind in die oountry. V (Laughter.) The speaker held that people
who talked about deporting the
alien* simply did not know what
they were talking about—or else
they were simply trying to fool the
people. He thought the attempt to
set the returned aoldiers againat tho
labor men had failed, and the new
cry was' to go after the foreigner,
They Bhould not allow their attention to bo distracted in that way.
"Who ia responsible for bringing these people here!" the speaker
asked. He had found an agont, and
advertising literature, as far away
at Milan in Italy, provided for the
express purpose of encouraging emigration to this eountry. Hundreds
of thousands of dollara had been
spent for this objeot. Then people had eome here and played a big
part in building up tho civilization;
constructing rallwaya and opening
up th* eountry, digging sewers and
working in the minos, and so forth.
They did net get baok, in wagea,
anything like what they contributed. There waa room for them here.
He did not blame the returned soldiers for feeling sore; but the unemployment of the country wa* not
duo to th* foreigners, but te th*
faot that th* whole system was
Some said, deport the Interned
aliene. Well, there were only a few
hundred of them, and they were
only too anxious to get baok home.
Others said, those originating from
alien enemy countries. Thla would
Include the Mennonites, who fled
from militarism in Prussia 150 years
ago. Thoy were doing good work
in the country, although many of
them spoke the Oerman language.
"They are being persecuted, not because thoy're from Germany, but
becauit thoy won't fight." (Applause,) Then ihould they deport
Buasianaf (Nol) They were ready
to go back to Bussia as soon as they
could. As ie other "foreigners,"
the Italians were our allies; so were
"Th* Mental Kami"
Com* and aak him qutitlou.
5  ACTS  5
Quaker City Four
A Monster Vaudeville Programme
Ida, !
th* Chinese and th* Japs; and th*
Hindu* wen Britlah subjects.
(Laughter and applauae.) And with
regard to the Doukhobors, no man
who had a sense of fairness would
let then give their work for yean,
and thea teU them to "Oet outl"
Instead of deportation, the speaker suggested that tht standard of
living bt maintained. Let there bt
no low wagea and consequent unnatural mode* of living. "Then if
we cannot hold np onr end with tho
Oriental!, the sooner they come Into
this eountry and take it the better,
fer they'll tak* it soonm or lator
Ships wen sailing from thia conn*
try to Japan, carrying machinery and
iron and ateel. What fort To build
factories and produce gooda to ihip
over to thii eountry to compete in
Canadian market!. '' Wt 're going to
have cheap Competition, hero or yonder," the speaker insisted. They
musts get beyond the narrow view
of nationalism. It wonld have been
better, perhaps, to havt aaid to
then people, "Como in, and join
our nnionil" At Seattle, though
excluded, they had refnsed to
."acab." (Applauie.) "When we
take that international position, wt
rise to a higher view of life," the
speaker submitted. "We're pretty
much the aame the world over."
Then were numeroue questiont
from th* audienee, to which the
speaker replied. One asked whether
it wa* the native Canadians who
were behind the cry for deportation. Ur. Woodsworth laid that
both the Canadian-born and thon
born in Great Britain know very
little about the foreigners; they
were now beginning to get hysterical. Another enquired if the speaker thought the returned sholdier
should be made the "goat" of both
the labor section .and the ruling
clasa and left without a job. * The
spoaker aa|d, "Certainly not. The
government was definitely bound to
provide for the returned men. It
was most reprehensible to allow
them to eome back and then throw
them on the labor market. Dr.
Curry asked, "If they deported all
the Bolshoviki and their sympathizers, how many would be leftt"
The question evoked loud laughter
and applause. Mention being made
of "fonign agitators," Mr. Woodi-
worth declared that they wero, almost every last man of them, from
the British Islet. They were seeking to maintain in this eountry the
freedom their forefathers won in
tho British Isles. This reply alio
wai greeted with hearty applauae.
At the Pantages
"Collego Girl Frolics," a big and
merry musical comedy, featuring
Evelyn Bennett and Billy Jackson
and a beauty chorus, will be the
hcadliner at the Pantages, with the
show opening Monday afternoon.
For the special added attraction
of the new bill Manager Pantages
haa arranged for the appearance of
Jonn G. Sparks, the Irish comedian,
and his playors in Willard Mack'a
latest comedy hit, "A Friendly
Klass and Termini will appear in
a high-elasa musical offering called
"A Musical Highball." It is nid
to be one ef the most popular thlnga
on the programme.
Dorothy Boye ia a beautiful girl
who is known to vaudeville fame
as the comedienne of syncopation.
She has some now songs which she
is said to sing in a fashion all her
Monnetti and Sldelli are comedy
entertainers who have a large popularity here.
Ben Linn, known aa "Big Ben,"
a comedian weighing S75 pounds,
alao will bo an attraction. •••
"Tho Lie"
Margaret Illington's greateit sut-
ess, "The Lie," will be the attraction next week by the Empress
Stock Company, and Edythe Elliott will be seen in the great emotional part that was considered as
Mill Ellington's greatest characterisation. The atory telle the
itrange romance of two listen who
are in love with the aame man, aad
the sacrifice made by the elder one
li told ln tht cleverest piece of play
construction that has been turned
out by aa author in years. The atmosphere of tha old English homo
is developed tht very moment tht
curtain ascends on the old Abbey,
in the flnt act, and remains until
the very termination of th* plot.
Miss Marriott, Mr. Collins, and all
the old favorites will be scon in the
oast, and Mr. Heater it preparing
some scenic effects that will take
you back to the old home in England. •"
Pa** Injunction BUI
Madison, Wis.—The stato assembly has passed the Otto anti-injunction bill, which ii ilmilar to th*
Clayton law.
"The Woman on the
On* Wttk, Oommtnoing
The Ue"
Prlowi   18*, SM and 50*
"real Week
•oluoi qnt, noLioe
"A _______t_I _____»
The Red Heart of Russia
Among the many books oa that;
Bussian rovolution whieh hav* beta
thrown on th* American literary
market, then an very few which
the reading publie can depend upon
for a true portrayal of the revolution and conditions prevailing in
Aussie since the overthrow of th*
ozar. A large number of the booka
hav* been publiehed, in fact, with
the ostensible purpose of misguiding
the readers and creating an antagonistic attitude toward the new
leadorihip in Bussia, by openly misrepresenting eventi and movement!,
and coating improper reflection* on
persons responsible for tho policiei
with which the writers found themselves in disagreement. Then are
also booka where authon had no
preconcoived plan of injuring New
Bussia, but because they either drew
for material upon their imagination!
rather than upon closo study and
observation, or because of their
failun to fathom the true meaning
of tho type of a revolution through
which Bussia was passing, their
writings helped the reactionary elements of this eountry in forcing a
policy of hostility to the young republic.
Miss Beatty 'i book comei ** »
relief. Though a book written seemingly ia haste, aa a correspondent
would, it is full of information and
data which help to explain a number of important things. The sympathetic approach in dealing with
the varloua knotty problems which
a foreigner, and especially an American, finds himself engulfed in, the
moment he sets foot on Bussian mil,
has helped Mies Beatty to win the
confidence both of those who stood
at the helm during the various periods of the revolution, as well aa
the rani, and file—the maken of the
revolution. The author proved more
daring than some of her journalistic
compatriots by lending a willing oar
to the explanations of the form of
govornment which revolutionary
Bussia was building on the ruins of
autocracy. Instead of being shock*
ed, she exhibited a frank interest
in the theories of government whioh
revolutionary leaders won . pro*
pounding, and was willing to admit
that the last word on government
was not said in 1789, when the
United States Constitution was
"The republican idea satisfied
some, but not enough. A social democracy—a Socialist state, became
the loudest cry of the articulate proletariat."
.'.But the war was in the way of
tlie, great reconstruction work which
hail to be done. The war had to
he liquidated, and Miss Beatty tes*
tiiies to the universal interest of tho
Russian workers in the international problems which the war created.
She reports that workera and soldiers were discussing domands for
ftn-'Mnterbelligerent conference," a
"statement of allied war aims," the
publication of secret treaties, "aa
glibly ae workmen at home discuss
hours and wages," Unlike the
workers at home (United States),
the aim of tho Bussian workers haa
pasaed the revolutionary platform
of American labor—"a fair day'i
wage for a fair day'i work."
"Internationalism was at the bot*
torn of their creed," explains Miss
Beatty, and that was another renson
why they wanted to end the fratricidal strugglo, and whon Charles
Edward Bussell, a member of the
Boot mission, spoke to the Soviot
about continuing the war, the delegates "listened to his message, but
it had no meaning for them. The
faot "that he wore on that occasion
a flaming scarlet tie and his buttonhole flaunted the reddest ribboa in
Petrograd," did not seem to have
any influence with the Soviet. Mis*
Beatty'a underitanding of th* psychology of tho Bussian worken la
illustrated by her portrayal of their
ever-hopeful attitude. To the Bussian   workeri   ahe   rightly   claims
the failure o fthe internationalism
in 191*1 did not necessarily mean tht
failurt tf internationalism in
Through tht Soviet, an instrument
of thoir own creation, the Bussian
workers carried on the work of building a new state—a proletarian
'As tht Sovitt moved, to Buslia
moved," remarks Miss Beatty in
observing the powor of this proletarian parliament- Tet before November 7, while the Bussian capitalists wore in open rovolt against
the advent of a Soccialist state, and
used all meant to win back control,
there were numerous official and
private emissaries from foreign
lands who volunteered "advice"
and offered "aid." They were net
as brutally frank at tht Bussian
countor-revolutionisti. Thoy considered Bussia "sick," and having
discovered the "malady," they
know what the remedy ihould be.
Miss Beatty makes this interesting
observation, that almost all foreigners thought Russia needed a dicta*
tor. They even offered to give this
medicine by foroe. The small group
of men connected with the American
Rod Croei, lha says, were the only
excoption. She quotes Baymond Bo.
bins, head of the mission at saying
to her: "Th* only way te help Bui*
lie li te help her make a luocess of
tht revolution," Robins ihoald
have ipoken then and similar sin*
titnenti in the United Statea, rather
thaa ia Bussia. They an needed
here more than there.
Ia her account of tht fill tf Riga,
Miss Boatty corrobontea the charge
of the revolutionists that Biga was
Defrayed by the military clique during the Kerensky regime, in order
to show the need for a dictatorship.
Sho tells of the sacrifices which the
soldiers made in fighting at Biga.
Her reference to a Lettish regiment
fighting until it wat completely wiped out ii significant. The bourgeois
scribes make much of the fact that
Lettish regiments are tht mainstay
of tht revolutionary Bed Guards.
Tht reason for this is, firstly, tbat
the Letts, mora thaa any ether people in Bussia, had during tht old regime aeently tnlned themselves in
the use ot ami. During the 1B0B0
revolution armed banda of Lettlah
peasanta and workors—Brothers of
the Forest—had successfully fonght
the military forces of the Czar and
the hired armies of the German barons. Bssidn their revolutionary
anteoedente, whioh explain! their
participation la th* preaent revolt*
tion, the Lett* bew aa ancient hatred to the Gormani, who have dea*
polled their land and exploited their
Seople under the protection of the
tars.   It wu because th* proletarian government ia Bussia stood al
people th* deliverance *f their conn*
try from th* Junker barons, that
tho Lettish voluntary troop* fought
and aro atill fighting to teuacioualy
for th* Bussian Soviets.
Will* upitallit editon shunned
the truth aad war* harping oa th*
"German money" interpretation ef
the Bussian revolution, thl leaden
of the Soviet government made thtir
poiition toward the Oerman government known ia unmistakable language.   To quota Miee Beatty:
"Th* day after Krylenko, tko
chief of th* army, itarted negotiation! for an armiatioo conferenco, I
heard Trotaky begin kit speech
about th* men with whom he Wa* to
negotiate la a fashion quit* new ia
the annala of foreign diplomacy.
" 'Comrade*,' he nid 'th* bloody
Kaiser and hia general! hav* entered into negotiationi with our Oomrade, Krylenko, but not ont of fool*
ingi of deep lympathy for Bunia
and th* Bussian revolution. If Germany oould havo kad her owa way
sho wonld hav* attempted mon tkaa
onee to aeizo revolutionary Bussia
by tha throat.
" 'If the kainr and hia general.,
gritting their teeth, ara now expressing willingness to enter into
negotiations with a. men pnpon*
chik (non-commissioned officer)—if
they do thtt,, it il only becaan
the Bussian revolution hu cried to
the peoplo of th* world of slaughter,
famine and diaeu* ln th* tranche*.
" "The German kaiser is now
talking to ua as an equal witk
equals, because he knowi that tk*
uprising of tho Oerman workman
and aoldieri would be fatal to him
if he ahould mak* t different aniwer.' "
Thl* review has already grown too
long to allow reference to varloua
othor interesting parte of the book.
The volume ia brimming with facta
On tht varloua Important period* ia
the revolution—the appearance of
Kerensky, the July offensive, the
first Bolshovik uprising, th* Korni-
lov ineident, the November revolution, the peace negotiationi, etc.
Account! of the Soviet govornment
and ita important decree!, the revolutionary tribunal and sidelight! on
institutions and elements connected
with the revolution also will be
found in this interesting book.
The reviewer recommends the
book heartily to all who wish to get
an insight into what hu transpired
during th* eventful fint year of tho
Russian revolution.
Memben of the "federal Houn Want
to  Know What
About It
The moat important Issue la the
organlied labor movement at tko
present time ia undoubtedly th* On*
Big Union.
Not only ia it engaging th* attention of tho men in the West bat
throughout the whole of the North
American continent tho subject is
being discussed. Only a few days
ago tho One Big Union was brought
before tho attention of the Fedoral
House. Like a well known patent
beverage, "It hai a reason."
It has been proven beyond doubt
that the craft union formation of
labor haa out-lived its usefulness.
Whenever any grave crisis has aria*
en it hu boen shown that any on*
craft hu been powerless to cop*
with the situation. Tah* th* can
of Tom Mooney. If one particular
croft organization had attempted to
deal with his can there ii no doubt
but what Brother Tem Mooney
would have paid the death penalty.
Labor, however, roit to the occasion. Ono Big Union, united in Ita
purpose to save a brother in danger.
If it la good policy to unite ia
timet of extreme danger, il it not
much better to be united at all
timeif The workon havt no divergent economic interests.
It matters not whether thsy be
working with wood, motal, leather,
cloth, etc., their interests are one
via: te procure food, clothing and
shelter! In discussing the One Big
Union proposal it is interesting to
note wnoro the opposition is cman*
ating from. Members of the Fedoral
House at Ottawa want to know what
the government ia going to do about
itl The subsidized press is warning
its readen against such actionl
Manufacturers' associations are
denouncing the idea. Iutcrnntional
officers art opposed to itl What a
splendid combination to be arranged
against, whatt The solidifying of
laborl The following excerpt from
Brother Watten' report to tht
Tradei and Labor Congress convention, 1917, will show that theee
strange bed fellows are closely allied. Beferring to the International
Lubor Conference Press matters say,
"The personnel of the conference
wu most unique. Undor the chairmanship of Mr. Gompers, men of
such conflicting interests al John D.
Rockefeller. Jr., Warniil Juggen-
heim, J. H. Pattenon on the one
hand and prominent representative!
of labor oa tko other, etc." Conflicting intereat! forsooth) Their interests were identical then and are
now, via:  To fool the workers!
International officer, Dave Bett,
favon tkt U. B. O. (Useless Big Organizations) so does the manufacturers association, ete.
Tht unity of labor is thi hope of
tht world. Only by united utloa
will the worken wcomplish anything.
Bait* Wagei t 3a Week
Boston—Leather Workors Union
No. 42 announces that tho large harness mnking firms in this city have
accepted a new wage schedule, which
raises wages from $20 to fit a week
and Saturday half-holiday the entire
Tot Workon Strikt
Ntwtrk, N. J.—Becnuse A. Hollander k Sont havt broken a prom*
1st net to discriminate against or-
ganlsed fur workers those employed impended work to eaforee
recognition of their union, aad iecure a M weekly increaie and a
■1*1 hour work week initcad of tke
90 1-1 hoar week.
"Terrorltm atlll relgni la Mun*
lch" reads a new! despatch. W*
suppose that tha palaces of tho rich
ar* beta* occupied by those whoa*
r*o*at habitation wu a Ui thick
and that tht bankers, preachtrt,
politician* and exploiters are ter*
and Style
predominate at the Home
ef Ford, but not at tk*
ezpenee ef quality, not at
■ ttt, very muoh the cob-
trary. It ia the quality
that enable* ne to work
the rtyle into the ferment
in a tetiefaotory and luting mennei. It ie quality
that hu built np tha
Home at Tori ham
picayune beginning* ta
itt preeent proud position.
Britiah woolen* wrought
into Ford Suite bj B. O.
worker*. A combination
you cant beat.
Men's Suits
$35 op
945 OT
Two of the best all-union eating-houses ia
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU Allow
W* deterv* Trad* Union rgtrtnag*
No.l No. 2
110 Cordora St West, or       822 Pender Wert
THEOUQH Mount Robson aad Jasptr Park* unit thepralrte*
through th* moit fertile grain belt la tk* world t* Wfcaalp**
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CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg aad Duluth f*f Central Stat**, el
Toronto and Montreal for Eaitera State* and Atlantic porta.
FINEST TBAIN8, Electrio lighted, Standard aad Tourbt Wetting Can, alao Dining Oan.
Ior Rates, Ticket!, Literature aad Informati**, apply te
005 Hastings St. W, Vanconver, B. a Phon* Sqneoa MSI
Owing to th* confusion ia
mail orden of thia medicine,
we ar* advancing the prie*
from 05.80 to *5.50, and paying all ehargea. Thi* will
giv* our many customer!
quicker lervic*.
Sol* Manufacturer
*M tth Av, North, Sukatooa
met Aoaoae *n maw
•n-.er.-e a settlon pietist tbe*
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matte ol tke photographer, aad thee*
two men an eeea efttla* ea eltber
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Bere Is a l«e«B It kt roraoaibwo*
whoa w.'i-» nsk.* aad lapa-Joal
forfeit., lta! u Ik. elker mi tt ta.
Ua. le a mu reatt t. a-l.fl IkesaaM
, frieadlr, Mr-Ual Utlled. wa wraM
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a. e. numoMi eo., in
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Our Non-Delivery Specials In
Groceries Save You Money
Grocery Specials for Week Commencing
Saturdar. May 3rd
Quaker Corn, per tin JM*
P. tf V. Sterilized Milk,
per tin   lit
Woodward's Better Tea,
reg. Mc   N*
Quaker Tomatoet, l\_%
per tia 10*
Kellogg*i Dominie* Cera
Flakos, pkg. 11*
Lifebuoy Soap OVle
Vantoria Jam, >'a, psr tia.31*
Woodward's Bitter Coffee,
reg. SSe.  4M
B. O. Horn* Iiiklti, per
bottle  IT*
Holbrook's Punch Sauce,
per bottle .18*
Holbrook 'a Worcestershire
Sauce, large bottle iii
IrWia * Billings Ketchup,
per bottle .12*
Holbrook's Vinegar, per
bottle  80*
Stanley's Marmalado, *•
1». tins -.780
Stanley's Lemon Curd  41*
Malkin's Orange Marmalado,
por bottle JHM
Vantoria Raspberry Jam,
-lib. tins  .880
Climax Jam, assorted, *-
B. tins 67o
Nabob Pure Extracts,
per bottle ...Sll
Del Monte Bipe Olivei,
par tin  11*
Libby's Salad Dressing,
por bottle _ .......20*
Beindeer Milk, per ti_...W/,l
Eagle Milk, per tin  21*
Lowney's Cocoa, ft's  Ola
Baker's er Lowney's Un*
swettentd Chteolatt, per
cake .01*
Cowan's Perfection Cocoa,
*i's 21*
Oold Medal Feaehea, 8*4's,
per tin _...S8e
Del Monte Pineapple ,tin....2M
Happyvale Pineapple,
ptr tin  2«i/,*
Bed Fox Molauei, tin 11*
Sugar Hone* Molasses IB*
Brunswick Sardines ...__...0M
Jutland Sardine*, per tla.lO*
Clark'a Perk and Beam,
J'l  __ Ml
Aylmir Early Junt Pea* HVi*
Campbell'• Soup, per tin.-..18*
Nabob Bpieei, per tin 00*
Beat Jap Bice, 8 Itl a**
Tapioca, 8 Be.   ..Me
Split real, 8 lbs. 17*
Ores* Peas, 8 IDs. -17*
Pearl Barley, 8 Bs. ..._._...17e
White Star Icing, pkg. Ue
Wild Boh Putty Flour,
10 Bi  .tm
Snap, per tie   170
Union Hand Cleanser. lie
Sunlight Soap, per earton.83*
Pale Naptha Soap, cakc....*V.*
P. A O. Naptha Soap, per
cake .....tVtt
Old Dutch Cleanser, tin 0M
Oold Duat, per pkg. 11*
Ivory Soap, per take .BVie
Castile Soap, par cake 0M
P. of V. Boiled Oata, 7-B.
sack _...«7*
Eggo Baking Powder, large
tin  2M
Benson's Corn Starch  IM
Cow Brand Soda, pkg. ....7'/ie
Malkin's Best Custard Powder, per tin IM
Cleaned Currants, pkg. ...IM
Maybloom Tea, per B M*
Mnvbloom Tea, *4 'a 27*
Toilet Pnper, 4 rolls 81*
Ramsay's Family Sodni ...8M
Skookum Shot Polish, black
or tan  0M
Matches, 300  0M
Holbrook's Powdend Bath
Brick 070
Purity Rolled Oats, -i'e JM
Kellogg's Krumblei, per
pkg  r_...ioV4*v
Ant Jamba* Paaeak*
flour  lOVie PAGE SIX
■  -  ■       ________
...May 8, 1W»
Here Are
3 Winners
Men, read this—it is important. We want to
bring before your notice these three big shoe
These are the three best bets in the shoe business today.   ARE THEY GOOD?
Well, ask tho mon who wear thom; they will tell you, and you
will find ovor 500 pairs of the Shoes on tho feet of Vancouver
Shoe buyers. »Tes, wo sold over 600 pairs in 80 days, and, believe mo, that's going some.   Hero are the three big bets:
The "Tale"—A Mahogany Calf Blucher,
with red Acme sole
and heel. d»C QC
Prioo *J>«J*S70
Tho "Balkan"—A Congo calf with red Acme
solo and ^C AC
heel. Price  vOeUO
Tho "Astor" —
A lighter Mahogany* calf with red
Aomo sole and
heel.   Price—
soles on those
ahoea wear twice
ae leng ai leather
nlei and nre
more comfortable.
••Beat Boot I over own-
td," *»y* one man.
"Solid comfort ln the
pair I bought," aayi an.
"I have worn many shoes, but never found tha equal of
theie," was the remark of another.
HOW, MB. MAN—In the face of these facts, how ean you
afford to pass up these shoes I Tou can't do it and you won't
do it, when you know the price, $5,95 a pair. Bemember, this
ii Johaaten'a price. Other itorei charge 08.60 for a ihoe not
ai good. Oet busy, Mr. Man; put your feet into a pair of theso
•hen, and by io doing you will save (2.25.
h-rruc}:) of liu* b'-q iz-yc
a pk ..».
■C_dT  W* fiftSrifiUS ,V' irV     <' Ut UMHIA >■ "   .m<vwtmW
^"^    Va v cau i' £ft '• c. ** x -it- A' iVt:s > hu, s ti. ■** a i
Editor B. C. Federationist:  Sir—• workers. Hoi the chaos was inherited from the old ararchistic regimo,
Ton can depend on the
A. FISH, Prop.
to -furnish you Pure Milk.
'Housewives should insist on
t all  delivery men  showing
thoir union cards.
Greatest Stock ol _,
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
01 HoMlegt Itreet WeM
rteaes: Sep. 7TM0-O. Bv, tlUL
O. S. UU, Proprietor
MineiB' Journal dives rigurei on
Hoots of Employment
Indiannpolii—In defense ef the
ilx-hour day demand of organized
coal miners, tho United Mine Work*
ers' Journal quotes statistics by the
United- Statei bureau of minea to
•how that during the pait ten yean
the average daya worked in the
minea of tho U. 8. A. ranged between 105 daya in 1908, to 251 dayi
in 1017. No figures are given for
last year, when all mining records
were broken, although 70,000 members of tho United Mine Workera
were with the military forces.
"Wo le* from theie official figures," saya the Unitod Mine Work-
era' Journal, "that even in the
years when the demand for coal wai
at iti highest point the miners worked only an average of from 200 days
(in 1915) to 251 days (in 1917) out
of the 812 working days of the year.
And yet they met every demand and
every requirement. They could
havo produced a billion tone of eoal
in a year if it had been needed, in-
itead of approximately 000,000,000
tons, which was tho highest mark.
"If the miners produced this
amount of eoal in 251 eight-hour
days, they eould have met the camo
demand ln 312 six-hour dayi. And
if they were paid the aame price
per ten for producing the coal, what
difference would lt make in the cost
whether thoy produced the coal in
eight hours *r lix hours I None
"If the membors ean produce ln
lix hours all the coal that is needed,
why ihould they be required to
work eight to get the lame amount
of coait"
:Canada rood Board:
: LictsM s-iim :
Nabob Coffee, per lb.
Your Troubles
•re eliminated if you buy your Groceries here—you get the best quality at rock bottom pricei.
Nabob Extracts,
per bottle	
Nabob Salmon, tall
Gleaned CurrnntB, per
Aunt Dinah Mnlns.es, per
Wagstaffc's Pure Jum,
4-lb. tin 	
Crisco, por
(Junker Tomatoes, 8%'s,  -1 *jXgt
B. & K. Wheat Flakes,       *>(__,
largo pkg - OUC
B. & K. Oatmeal, 10 lbs.
for  ■*•■■•
Fels-Naptha Soup,
10 bars -	
S. T. Wallace's
iw nMMh_t_V_S____fi,m
Censorship Bill Vetoed
Columbus, Ohio—Governor Cox
has vetoed a bill which would havo
given truntoes of memorial buildings
power to censor utterances made
within the institutions by speakers.
The governor said ho based his veto
on tho right of freedom of speech,
and of poaceable assembly.
Specials  for  Friday
and Saturday
Wsr Tu Extra Whero Required
SOe Reid's Pilo Ololnient  2BC
SOo Ferrotonn  33c
25c  Biiby'w  Own  Tnbletl .......lie
$1.00  Bftro  Phosphate   74c
60c Iteid'i  Menthol Ointment..83c
75c Abbey'e Salt*  BSc
aSo  ProcxOBO  Corn  Cure  24c
60«   llovril    - 3Jc
75o 11 1kurated Mngnesia  S7e
11,00 Cliaso's Liver Cure  07c
■rtUc  Banderinn   4lc
50c Hold's Ecjecma (liniment.:..36c
tine Calif oral* Syrup of Tlft«...A3c
60c  Reld's   Embrocation    33c
$1.00   M.  Sc  h.  Florida Water. 7ic
fl.00 Hair Brushes  07c
lfic Magic Corn  Salve    »c
♦».75 Horlirk'n Malted Milk 12.83
U5c Bn»p Hand Cleaner  IBo
After rending In your valuable paper bearing tho dato April 4th, a
long report of a speech delivered
by B. T/Kinguley, I take exception
to a great many statements, therefore, I wish yoa to give me space
in which to roply. I do not intend
to deal with all my objections, having regard for the spaco in the Fed.
I am, however, sprprised to find
propagandists still hanging onto the
same sophistry that justified ■ scabbing ten years ago, because of their
so-called laws of economic -determinism.
"E. T." is quoted as favoring the
One Big Union.to "conquer the
stato," but by tho'power that ho
recognizes and seeks to uso to abolish the state, he infers that the
workers cannot uso it to got economic demands, for, ho says, "You
cannot forco concessions from those
masters excopt that which they seo
fit to give." I am satisfied that all
biological laws are in favor of Combination, and whether tho workers
know It or not, tho very laws governing the class struggle forco -them
sooner or later to act in combines,
cither secretly or openly, just in
proportion as tho working class
unite, so do the masters, "soe fit"
to grant concessions. Why did tho
shipyard owners in Seattlo coaao
thoir policy of discrimination after
the return of tho workers! It it not
because the workers bogan to walk
out again and they were afraid of
the same solidarity showed by tho
workers during tho striko. Wo know
a local industrial strike is. not sufficient to win great concessions from
Imperialistic capitalism by any
stretch of imagination can Marxlan-
ism be used to mako the workers of
Great Britain for instance, believe
that thoy have not benefitted economically by reducing the hours of
labor. Tho above quotation can only
be hatched in the mind of a person
who still believes that the workers
do not gain intellectually by tho act
of combination,. and will continue
their individualistic strugglo as they
did without a union. Tes! tho employers will only "soe fit to givo"
that which you have the powor to
take; or to put in another way, to
convince them that it ia profitable,
even though they loose profits by
giving in to the union, and that depends purely on the amount of solidarity tho workers exhibit.
Another quotation is very significant, not because of the statement
itself, but becauso Einksley becomes
a Kautskian by using Marx to bolster up his argument, for he says,
"The wage has not been altered
one five-cent piece linco tho first
union was formed,'1 then eontinucs,
"otherwise tho Marxian theory itself would stand refuted." Relatively the workers' wages aro less
in proportion to the pro ratio production of values; but by the very
economic laws that Marx promulgated have the workors raised their
standard of living. Marx- gave some
credit to the workers' combinations
of England as well as the howl of
the philanthropic societies who were
so loud in their denunciations of
the horrible conditions in the cotton mills. Marx showed what would
happen if the workers ever believed
tho above negative doctrine whon
he said, "If the workers cease to
struggle they will become a mass
of broken wretches boyond salvation." The -difference implied in
this^ quotation, is the difference between'unorganized and organized, or
craft unionism and the Ono Big Union, Li othor words just in proportion have they got the 0. B. U. just
that amount do they differ from
broken wretches.
Wo do not have to be Monshevlks
to believe in tho conquest of the
stato, or to realize it is a class instrument, but to urge the slow peno-
tration of the capitalist legislative
halls to abolish it by "peaceful
means" is misleading and will lead
to the most violent means. It is also
a distortion of all historic change.
We have, however, possible an advantage in favor of us, compared
with that of Russia at the time of
the November revolution. We havo
the neuclus of organizations, which
proporly managed can form the basis
of administration in the new social
system, provided everyone takes up
as you are in B. O, the building of
the O. B. U. based scientifically on
industry itself with every unit of,
administration built to function in
the production for use instead of
for profit.
Just as the degree of consciousness to run things in their own interests grows, to tho samo extent
does the state as an institution of
oppression weaken. For we see not
aa Kingsley was quoted in the Federationist as having predicted sometime ago, that the Bolsheviki would
be crushed. Instead wo see arguments in the favor of withdrawal
from Russia by the ruling class
themselves, because of the growing
consciousness of the workers, at
home and abroad. Not because of
ponetrating "Ottawa and Washington."
It is true a certain amount of
chaos prevailed in Russia but not
all because of the "smashing of tho
machine," (The state), what little
was due to tho sudden change, as
Louinc says, was duo largely to the
lack of organization   amongst   the
and the wonder is that they have
so marvolously succeeded. The difference between penetrating tlja
capitalist parliament, and setting up
your own organization to take tho
power is, the differenco between
Mcnshevikism and Bolshevikism
(.used in its general senao). One
leaves the capitalist class in control
with his dictatorship, the other takes
control and establishes the proletarian dictatorship during the process
of change.
Tho following quotation would
lead you to bolieve that is the tactics of tho I. W. W. which got them
in jail, and that alono, and further,
the tactics wero vory, very violent,
etc., and outside the law, for ho
says "The I. W. W.'s are now in
jail," and he said furthor it was
"Through following a lino of action
that the ruling class declares unlawful." He anys also, "And whieh
in common sonso ought to bo unlawful, too." Tho I. W. W.'s woro convicted under statutes passed during
the war, and the same ruling that
the rulera sought to justify the verdict renderod placod evory union
which struck outside the law. Judge
Landis ruled that a body of workers had a legal right to striko, but,
if the strike interfered with the U.
S. in getting its war material, thoy
wero guilty under, tho appropriations aet. Can you imagine a striko
that could not be construed to bo
such! Of course you can't. If
Kingsley had heard tho lumber baron's representatives testify ho
would have learned it was chiefly
the enforcing of the eight-hour day
on iho job. Not by violenco, by
quitting when the lumber Jacks had
worked eight hours. Why "aro you
defying tho law in B. C. and publishing books, etc., against the lawf
Should you be bohind the barsf No
sane person would say sol
I want to tell Kingsley he would
also bo behind the bars if ho had
said in the U. S. what ho Baid in
B. C. during tho war. If not hung
to some railroad trestle or tree until
dead. By tho same lino of reasoning he applies to tho I. W. W. he
would have deserved rH Or would
he have hidden bohind tho contradictions of capitalism that caused
tho war and justified itf If not*,
then, be logical. ^f«3
In spite of such philosophy in favor of the boss wo find tho workers
taking action in B. O. and elsewhere
"E. T." says ho is in favor of the
Ono Big Union and mass action after he has told how impossible it is
to have a Ono Big Union because
of tho competition within itself. Tlio
workers organized into the 0. B". V.
will moro and moro think in the
terms of united action instead of
individually crawling to the bo's].
and offering to work for loss than
the union scale. He will domand
shortor hours and the struggle* tfor
it will develop a revolutionary spirit necessary to win ultimate success.
Do not think the boss will stop at
Kingsley'• "unlawful" I. W. W. A
quotation out of the "Seattle Un
ion Record" from tho "Weat Coast
Lumberman," a lumber trust maga
aino, which anys, "Take tepid interost in your men, fight the I. W,
W., but do nothing further, and
within a year or so you will have
the A. I. of L. dictating your businoss policy." The above speaks for
itself, and it also goos a-long way
towards negating the statemont that
thoy fought the I. W. W. beeause it
was unlawful. They fought it becauso it was based scientifically on
industry and offered tho bost instrument to the workers by whieh to
gain power.
The recent report givon by the
delegates who attended the Washington, D. C, eonferenco on behalf
of the Metal Tradea ought to be
ample reason for a severance from
the so-called "International" and
in favor of the resolutions passed
by the B. 0. Foderation of Labor
and tho Western Conference. The
"Union Record" quotes them
Baying in their report whilo dealing
with "international officers" that
"thoy usod every trick and every
effort to defeat our organization;
first, they tola us we wero guests of
tho 'Emergency Fleet Corporation,'
and not to make it unpleasant for
thom. They then tried to get ns divided into eraft groupa instead of
en-bloc on the Pacific Coast," Can
any plainer words bo spoken in favor of the 0. B. U. and a severance.
Nol Oo to it you progressives and
you will win. Yob, we will abolish
the Btate. Not inside the Bourgeois
parliaments, but by combining tho
working elass aa they did in Russia and as thoy are doing in England. Into committees. Let the
workert rally around tho Ono Big
Union, and the capitalist stato will
lose ita power in proportion to our
growing strongth and the transition
will take place with the least
amount of friction necesssry to its
birth. Wo need no midwife, or wot
nurso for tho Revolution!
crationist. also in the leeal press.
Bro. Pritchard condemns Dave
Bees for going outside of Labor's
own paper with Labor matters. In
that I certainly agree with him. At
the tame timo, he seems to forget
the atand he took on tho floor of the
council in regard to a lettor aent to
The Federationist by a section of
tho members of Pioneer Division
101, who had and atill have a real
grievance, arid being unable to havo
it dealt with by the division, wished
to have aame aired through the columns of The Federationist. These
men had no idea of taking their
grievance to any other paper thtn
Labor'a own. The Federationist, yet
when the oditor of that paper refused te publish aame, they were
forced to go to the outsido preaa.
So I would suggest that Bro.
Pritchard be consistent with the
smaller issues as well bb the greater,
Yours for real Demicracy.
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Sir-
Allow me a little spaco in our paper
to say that a meeting was held hore
on Saturday, April 18, under the
auspices of tho Federated Labor
Party. Tho speakers came frorft
Prince Ruport. Mr. Montgomery,
delogate to the Calgary convention,
and Mr. Shaw, secretary for the
Federated Labor Party of Prince
Rupert. Mr. Montgomery explained
the One Big Union quostion to thc
satisfaction of all present and was
kept busy answering questions from
the audience, but never was the
speaker alow or backward with his
answers. At the same timo inviting
moro questions. The speaker also
dealt with tho six-hour day with
only one quostion being asked.
(What would we do if wo could not
plant enough potatoea in six hours
to supply our needsf)
Answer: "Wo' will have to do it
in eight or ten and do it cheerfully." (Laughter.) Somo objections
were taken to a £ew of the officers
in connection with the labor movement in Vancouver, but the objector found ho was mistaken and took
it all back like a gentleman. The
speaker closed with calling for more
questions but everyone seemed satisfied to let him go toeing he had
stood the tost, and could not get
him rattlod. Mr. Shaw took tho
platform explaining the Federated
Labor Pnrty and its principles, also
tho need for organization in this
district, also showing when the
small business man was in the same
plight as the worker. He was not
subjected to so many questions as
was the flrst speaker.
At the closo of tho meeting the
apeakers sold all tho literature thoy
had, and did not havo enough by
any means. This in itself showed
that something waa wanted among
the workers in thia district, although
we havo more Federation ists coming
here than any othor paper. At this
point a good conservative thought
the national anthem wns not going
to be sung and started aome kind
of a fool move by remarking, "I am
a Britisher." Anothor, "I am
Britisher, too." Come on boys, but
there was nothing doing, after the
buying and selling was over the
chairman allowed us all to sing if
we cared to, and all seemed willing.
There ia quite a lot more I eould
have said but what ia tho use, teeing it is a daily occurronoe.
Youn for the 0. B. U.,
j. McLaren.
Terrace, B, 0.
on of the Loggers andCamp Work-
art Union, but tho home guards prefer tto old irstcm of craft unions.
One of the foremen hero told how
long he had been with the Canada
Copper for a numbor of years and
that ther were opening this mino
and building this mill to givo the
ilave a job. A vory charitable
bunch. He alio said the married
men wore hero to atay, and that tho
blanket stiffs were trying to make
trouble. (He doesn't think that it
was the blanket stiff that discovered
tho ore, blazed the trails and built
tho railroads.) We had a straw
bosa, a carpenter who bovb ho is a
member in Vancouver. Hit name is
Sinclair, a good alave driver. I know
for a fact one man came here with
mo from the coast and got canned
after throe days by this speeUa-en of
humanity. He also told an old man
he was getting too old 'or thit kind
of work, and he would have to lay
him off afitl he waB an A 1 meohanfo.
He said tho Oae Big Union waa a
dream, but believe me, he felt Uke
a dream before the meeting was
through. So I hear they aro going
to get the machine that bust the
strike at Trail hero to organize the
mine, mill and smeltermeqs union.
A piece of human flush called Davidson, if I am not mistaken.
Well, I did not get the Fed last
weok. I must thank you for the
copios for March which you mailed
me, for the One Big Union.
\}SM Lunch Kits, completo
with pint vacuum bottle,
fnr  |g.*B
25c Montholatuui _.-- 18c
{.vi-r-Kimdy   Bately   Kaior, with
7 blades.   Rog. |1.3S....|1.00
$1.00  Huzor  Strop!  400
11.60 n»7,»r Strops  --U-M
Vancouver Drug Co.
400 Hutlngi W.  •   H.y. 11)65*1960
7 Hutlmi
_     lOIl W. 3.T* 088*!
na oiuTiite at*        o.y. void
On. Oruwill. Md Bmdw
May. 931. ud 17.4*0
«» Ualn «i«t __    0,y. 1091
r.___n_t*?%* -™_u
Another View
Editor B. 0. Federationist! TW»o
appeared in tlio Let luue of your
papsr a lottor ovor the signature ol
W. A. Pritchund, dealing with an ar*
tlolo in a previoui iiiuo of Tho.Jred*
Canada Copper Oo, ud lahor
Allenby, B. 0.
Editor B. 0. Federatlonist: I
should he pleased if you would pub*
lish the following notice, which was
posted at the bunkhouse here today:
"Any employee of the Canada
Copper" Corporation who has joinod
tho union of railroad strikers is hore
by requested to eithor withdraw
from said union or leave the employment of the Canada Copper.
The reason for this request is not
the Canada Copper It opposed to
organised labor, providing said organization does not seek to .stab-
fish a closed camp, but it very much
opposed to giving support to the
railroad strikers. We consider that
a minimum wage of 40 cents per
hour for unskilled railroad labor Is
a fair wago today, and that aince
the railroad camp 1. making no demand for a ten-hour day they are
not acting either unreasonably or
unfairly, on the contrary ar. both
reasonable and fair. The faet that
the great majority of labor on tho
railroad are employed by station
men, means that the great majority
are receiving 45 eents per hour instead of 40 cents, before the war
the minimum wago on railroad construction was $2.50 per day for ten
hours. Forty eents per hour now offered Is 60 per eent better. No min*
ing or milling camp ln the country
is paying today wages that are 60
por cent higher than wagos paid be*
foro the war. If employees of Can*
ada Copper wish to join the Miners', Millmcn or Smeltermen's Union they are at liborty to do so, but
to join the railroad's union morely
to help the railroaders to tie.jp the
mine and mill and that means we
will have to elose our works at Al-
lenby and Copper mountain, Vie intend that Canada Copper money
ahall not help support a itrike that
will dose us down.
By otdor,
Canada Copper Corporation, Ltd.
H. It. Vanwagner, General Manager
This notice will give th. workors an Idea-of what the masters
think of unionism. We had a couple
of meetings here, called by organiz-
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir-
Tour account of the Deutohy case
commands my sympathy, and I enclose two dollars towards eost of
trying to got his goods restored. But
I should like to soo somo organization to which any poor person could
appeal, and obtain justice. I have
no love for publicity but I think
there ii a necessity to saying something. For over twenty years I hold
a commission as Justice of the
Pence. I resigned in 1914, and gave
as my reasons for so doing that I
was fully convinced that a number
of our lawyers, and certainly the
general practice of our law courts,
encouraged all kinds of dishonesty
and bribery. W. J. Bowser replied
that ho was sorry I had such a poor
opinion of tho law and courts but
he would see my resignation was put
through, Twonty or more yoars ago
I wrote a Montreal paper and suggested the appointment of a public
invostigator for Buitable districts. I
was convinced at that time that under our present system justice is
practically an impossibility, and my
opinion has been vory. much confirmed sinco that timo when tho sensor bogan to work in the banning
line. I laid if they would only leave
us tho records of our law courts,
and tho speeches of our statesmen,
wo would have plenty to show that
our present systom was unjust and
therefore unsuitable. In 1896 I was
sued for a, bill of goods, etc, that
had been left on my houae by a
man that had been living with me
fori nino months, 1 had a counter
claim of about three times the
amount for accommodation and two
months' work. But he produced a
book which he purported was a
faithful account of all work dono.
And laid ws did not start to clear
tho land ta build his house till Jan
uary 24th, which happened to bo
about the middle-of the week. The
flrst Sunday we were working there
not knowing it was Surfday, two
othor men came along and wo argued
the point and decided that we were
wrong, put down our tools and went
and changed and went to a meeting.
After the court was over and I was
condemned to pay his account, my
own being disallowed, I got a letter
of which the following it a oopy, in
Bear Mr. Wiggs: I have no memorandum written but I think it must
be about Jan. 10th, that is if tho
Mischief, (8 Schooner) eame in on
tho Tth, if you remember wo said
sho came in on the Thursday which
waa correct. Tou laid iho eame in
on Wednesday, hence your mistake.
I also got the following from the
eaptain of tho Schooned Mischief:
Sear Sir: I oalled at Fort San
Tuan, 18th Dec, Jan. 10th and Feb,
8th. Signed, H. J. Feot.
The plaintiff also produced two
bills, one dated August, the other
about two month, later, and itated
he had paid for half of the goods
on those bills. The same had been
stolen from my house while he lived
with me. On the flrst bill waa an
Item of 88 tke. of Hungarian flour,
20 of those sacks never went near
my house, but was for neighbors
who had givon me the money to
■end for them and the plaintiff wai
the one who reckoned up the pro*
portion of the freight that each one
Should pay. Some time after the
judgment I had a letter from the
lawyer that the debt remained wholly unpaid, and unloss I paid or made
satisfactory arrangements for lame
within tea days a judgment summons would be taken eut. I replied
that he need not wait ten days as I
had no intention of paying, as the
plaintiff owod mo a far larger sum
and had obtained tho judgment by
perjury. Fabrication of evidonce
and the possession of bills which
ho had stolen from my houso. In*
itead of a judgment summons I had
a mild reply to tho effect if I coidd
not pay the whole no doubt the
plaintiff would accept a part .ven
if I could only pay a small amount.
I did not reply to this, and I did
not hear any more of it fer ovor
twelvo years, when, having sold a
piece of land and the first paymont
waa due I received a letter from
the purchaser that $07.25 had been
Spencer's Values in
Men's Hats
*We are showing the newest HATS POR MEN in well-
known makes at very easy prices. AU our Felt Hats are
Blade of genuine fur and will prove their quality after
long wear.
BTKTBON HATS-?7.50—John, B. Stetson's newest
shapes, are shown in green, grey, black and brown. No
better hat value anywhere at our price f 7.50
KING HATB AT f 5.00-The "King" Hat at this price
is the best five-dollar hat to be had anywhere. The Vety
newest shapes and dimensions and the wanted shades in
oolor.   Prioe  $5.00
ENGLISH PELTS AT »}4.00-Gonuine fur felts in the
nowost shapes and colors. There are a number of staple
shapes in this line that conservative dressers always
want.  Priced at (J4.00
BLAOK DERBIES, 98.00—The black hard hat is again
coming into favor, We are showing thc correct shapes
in high-grade fur felt at $3.00
David Spencer, Limited
garnished, I made a protest to the
court in a long lettor of which the
following is part:
"That the judgment was obtained
by plaintiff fraudulently misleading
the court with the production of my
bills which ho had itolcn from my
house somo months previously and
on which he falsely .wore that he
had paid for half of tho goods,
whereas other settlors had good part
of some also by production of a
fabricated statement in writing
which he stated was a faithfully
kept account of all work I had dono
for him; also that he falsely swore
that tho oause of the lumbor being
washed away was becauso I prevented the man he had sent from taking
it away. Whereas it was the man
who owned the land who forbad him
to tako it, but the ehiof oause waa
that there waa no road h. oould
take lt with his horses. I would
havo appealed the ease, but tny lawyer told me I would have to deposit fifty dollara in three days. I
had not get fifty cents. I had borrowed the twenty-five dollars I had
to pay him before ho would go into
court. 1 havo skipped a good many
important points to make the letter
not too long.
I would suggest that our grand
juries be selected by publie vote,
that thero be a court of appeal open
to all aggrieved persons without
lawyers and without fees, that it'
ahould appoint some one to investigate and gather all possible ovidenco which should be considered by
the grand jury, which should have
power to aet according as th. circumstances of th. ease required
either to null and void th. judgment and erder a new trial. Or to
reverse. Alter or amend the judgment as ihould appear to tho majority to be most in accord with equity
and justico.
Victoria, B. 0.
Editor'• Koto—Ai w. do not know
who to lend the money to, If A,
Wiggi will .end tu hi. addreu,
wo will return tha (2.00,
United States immigration
Editor B, C. Federationlit: I applied to the United States immigration officials for permission to enter
the States with the intention ef becoming an Americas citizen. I wae
taken beforo a .pedal Board of Inquiry to answer a number of questions. Tht decision of thli board
wai to prohibit me from enteringl
the Statei now and for aU time, th.
only reason, as far as I ean .ee, is
because I stated I believed in
unions, and also believed in the Ono
Grand Union, I am English, lived
two years ln Australia, and six years
in Vancouver. I have ho stain on
my character, my reputation is u
•lean as any man's in this town. I
do not seo the justification of branding rat as though I waa a eonvict or
criminal from entering any eountry
for auch narrow-minded reasons.
Here are th. questions wliich were
put tt me:
Q. Tour namet A. Arthur Simmer.
Q. Tour occupation.? A. Wai*
tor, four years.
' Q. Where yeu last employed!
A,   White Lunch.
Q. Were you discharged, <r did
you leavel A. I left on my own
Q. What was th. reason? A B.
cause the Waiter. Union called on
ni to join their union; the White
Lunch Co. refused to recognizo any
union, so I left.
(_. Bave you boon in unions be*
fore la Canada!   A.   No.
Q. Do yon believe in on. grand
nniont   Tes.
Q. Do you believe in this Bolshe*
vlki, tho destroying of lives and
Sroperty in Russia! A. No, I
on't believe in taking the law in
your own hands, but I believe in the
working class protecting thomsolves.
Big Busineu la Hoarding the
Supplies t. K.ep up
About two-fifths of the monepi '
spent by the ordinary wage-earn. <
•r's family goes tor food, which <
Is the "big necessary" of 11(». i
During 20 years, food prioes have
been steadily rising.
The "Annalist" (Now York)' *
published an Index number ot food .
prices, covering 25 articles select*
ed and arranged to represent an
average family budget. The Index number for 1890 was 109.252;)
for 1896, 80.096; tor 1914, 146.089;$
tor March t, U19, 287.461. That
means that the prices of food In
Maroh, 1919, war. twice what
they were in 1914; nearly three
times what they were in 1890, and
over three and a half times what
they were In 1896.
When will this thing stop?.
There Is no telling. Economist,
announce that we are In for aa
"upward price movement." Al
yet, the end Is not In sight. *
The Increase ln prices during
the past four years was abnormal.
War demand and the great Issues
ot papsr (currency and bonda)
were bound to raise prices. The
war Is over; war demand is pass.
Ing; wagos are dropping; unemployment Is menacing, but prices
are still at the top notch. Kl*.
vators ar. bursting with grain;!
warehouses are peeked with food;)
metals and metal products an
heaped up, waiting for customers,
but the prices do not come down.
Why? Because big business,
which practically controls supply.
Is going to hold price, at thalr
present lev.l until th. plain peo.
pi. of this country hav. .pent the
surplus that th.y hsve laid by out *
of thalr war wages. When the
people ean no longer buy, price
will oom. down.
The economists will argue that
such a control over supply Is Impossible. I answer that lt exists.
The humanitarian will object that
such a scheme will r.sult in su.
fering and death for thousands,
answer that suffering and death
have seldom be«n| allowed to
stand In the way of profits. The j
agitators cry out that the Anicrfr^
can people will not stand for suoh
an outrage. I hope not—but we
must wait and see.
(_. Were you discharged from th.
army? A. No, I waa not in th.
Q. Why sot? A. Becauso I
waa over the age for tho flrst draft,
(J. Did you volunteer at all! A,
Tes, but was turned down. I producod doctors' certificate,
<J. Tour destination! A. Sa*
0. How much hav. yon got in .ae*
tuu cash! A. On. hundred dollars.
<J. Show li I produced the
_. What is your purpose for go<
ing to the States! A. None in
particular, only to work, and I want
a change.
Tho motion was put and carried te
prohibit me entering the States now
and for all time, with the option ef
appealing, if I wished. X am no Boi.
shevlk, Anarchist or Revolutionist,
but I believo in unity and in On.
Big Union,   I think in your esteemed opinion you will agree with
me that such a decision is not only
unjust and unfair, but to brand
man from ontoring any eountry wl
such unreasonable grounds goos tol
provo tbat iuch persons ere not Itl
to hold the position they are in.    I
Trusting yeu can flnd space ini
your veluablo paper for this,  Youri|
Senry Dubb's Part In Bringing About The High Oost Of Living
T-iofooo to Eat.1 c—•*--
ri _-~__-s$^-*\fi£> ■**•*-'<
i«<we flu I in>AT_
-..Moy S,  Ult
Hose, Gloves,
Jewellery, Etc.
at Birthday
Up to $2.75 saving on
some of these lines, and
not an item in this listtut
what has a saving on it
worth while.
$2 Women's Hose for 94c
Novelty Silk Hose, seamless, iu
neat stripe effect, with double
heel and toe; "seconds," but
espooially suitable as bathing
hose, Colors of black, white,
green, navy and Sax* Blue,
Birthday Sale Q_l_»
Prioe, pair...... tfK
Women's Silk Hose
Seamless quality in blaok and white, with double heel
•nd toe and garter top.  Sizes ty_ to 10.  Regular 860 to
$1.00 values.  Birthday Sale Price, pair. .64et
Gotham Gold Stripe Silk Hose, Reg. |8, for $2.74
100 per eent. pure Silk Stockings that give real satisfaction 1 made to resist the strain of the garter, and eome*
in eolora of navy, medium brown, dark brown, light grey,
dark grey, field mouse and white. Regularly $3.00 a pair.
Birthday Salt Prioe, pair  ...?SJ.74
Children's Hose
A heavy quality of Boyi' and Girie' Sohool Hose, ia blaek
only; one and on* rib, alio heavy rib, ia sixes 6 to 10.
Regular 6O9 values.   Birthday Salt Prioe, pair........454
Child's Silk Lisle Cutie Sox
la white, with wide oolored topi ia tan, saxe, dark browa
and khaki. Sisei 4 to 9\_. Birthday Salo Price,
per pair  _... _ ._..45#
Child's Fin* Cottoeand Lisle Soz
la white, with iky, pink, aad blaok striped topi. All
lini. Reg. 85e value. Birthday Salo Priee, 8 pain....88#
Fin* Cotton Sox
la white only, ia sum 4 to 8; values to 85c pair, fo_..19#
(Jhf fiudson's flay (fom)mny [£j||
Granvillo and Georgia Streets
Named Show an frequently made
la Non-union factorial
No matter what iti name, unleu
It beatt a plain aad readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP an always Non-union
Be aot accept any owns, (or Abmo. tf the Union Steal
JOHN T. TOBIN, President OHAS. L. BAINE, Sec.-Treas.
Spread the News
Make yourself . sommittc. of on*
» apread th. goipd of tmanoip**
ion. Don't throw your copin of
he Federationlit away aftor you
re through with them. Hand them
* a neighbor or wrap them up, put
oneeent stamp oa them and nd-
tMS them to aom. (riesd or .itl-
ml If yeu d. wt know of amy-
idybody to whom you can send the
papor, look up some nam. aad address in th. telephon. directory er
eome other newspaper.
Si Louis Tallon Strike
St. Louis, Mo.—Tailors employed
by clothing houses ln this eity ani-
£ ended work to enforce th. eight-
our day aad a wage rat. of $15 a
week. Th. striksrs an members of
Journeymea Tailors Union No. 11,
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace   .
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Cpmox Pea
(Tir en *oa Ooal for you underfeed furnace)
1001 MAIN STREET .    Phone Soy. 210
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be procured
by uiing cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
• —Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Tou hai*. all read Dleken'e
"Christmas Carol." Thou you kaow
Tiny Tim. We eai see him riding
on his father's shoulder aad, through
the far-aeeing eyea of the big-hearted lover of children and common
people, we ean see him straight sad
strong. That will bo a happjr Chrietmae day!
Today wo want to talk about th.
many whom Tiny Tim represents—
the neglected and sick and poor and
oppressed. We ar. beginning to see
new ways of helping them and on.
day there will not be so many.
Most of you remember the story
of the Good Samaritan. A traveller
waa robbed and badly beaten up.
Two church officials—one after the
other—saw him and left him lying
half dead by th. road side. Then
a foreigner came along and when
he aaw th. poor fellow, he gav. hia
nrat aid and thon put him up at th.
hotel in th. noxt villago. Jesus, who
told th. story, wanted to know whs
really did the neighborly thing*—th.
church officials or ths foreigner.
Somo yoars eg. I happened to
travel over that tarns road between
Jerusalem and Jtrico and eould you
believe itt It is etill infested by
robbers—bands of maurading Be*
doulno. The British consul wouldn't
let us go without a guard. Well, I
thought it might bs a good thing
to holp robbed and beaten-up travef
lersj it was a bettor way te hav.
a guard. But the beet way tf all
wonld be whatt—T. oloan out the
robbers, of count!
That is th. scientific way which
w. ar. slowly learning is th. bnt
way. Some years ago the Frenoh
people tried to dig the Panama canal but had to giv. up the job. The
engineering difficlutle. wtrt not too
groat but the troubl. waa that yellow fever and other diseases killed
off the workmen faster than the cm*
plovers could get new men. Thoa
the scientists set to work to study
yellow fever. They found it wss
caused by a certain microbe that
was carried by a certain kind of
mosquito. Get rid of th. mosquito,
you get rid of the microbe ud you
get rid of th. y.llow fever.
So they set to work to light tho
mosquito. They drained ot the
swamp, which were his breeding
plaeea. They poured ooal oil on the
lakes so hs couldn't com. to the
top of th. water. They screened off
the siek people ao the mosquitoes
couldn't get th. microbes from them
—what happened! Yellow fever was
almost banished from th. district.
Then th. Americans came ia and
finished th. canal.
On th. prairiea many towna have
great deal of typhoid fever. Ty.
ihold ia a dirt disease caused by
iad water and dirty milk and dirty
aek yards. What aaould the prairie
people dot Sometimes they build
large hospitals and get people to
contribute much money to help nurse
the typhoid patients back to health.
What would you dot Clean up th.
baok yarde, of course; get cloan
milk and a pur. water supply. Then
you wouldn't need the hospitals.
In Vancouver there la a great deal
of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, the
doctors tell us, is caused by bad
housing conditions where people are
orowded together without sunlight
and fresh air and through lack of
good nourishing food. Tuberculosis
like typhoid, ie a prevontabl. disease. What would you dot Not long
ago th. Rotary Club raised a fund
to build a Sanitarium for tubercular
people. That may help a few. The
better thing would be to see that
ovoryone was able to havo a good
homo and good food.
A poor cripple stands on ths curb
stone holding out a tin cup and ask*
ing ua to give him a nickle. Sup
pose we give him a dime. He gets
a sandwich and a cup of coffee and
ie soon as hungry as ever and standing again on the curb stone with
his tin cup.
How shall we help hunt I'll tell
you a good way. You se. he has
lost a log. Let us all club together
and buy him a cork log and teach
him a trade and then he can earn
his own living and not bo a beggar.
That's th. way to set a man on his
But who will tell me a better way
atillt You'r. atuckt Well, let us
find out how he camo to lose his
leg. He caught it in an unguarded
piece of machinery. Ah, let us put
a guard on th. machine. Safety Irst
and compensation will prevent most
accidents and men will not need to
atand on a curb with a little tin
One. I tried to have a little garden is a district whou there wore
lot of bad boys. As soon as my
peas were nearly ripe, the boys
would break in and eat them. They
would break down the flowers and
do all sorts of damage and mischief.
I put up a high fence with a lot of
barbed wire on top and sometimes
had the policeman walk around.
That helped some perhapi but I
learned a better way.
Next year, we had some boys'
clubs and a gymnasium and swimming baths and when suramor came
and I went off for a little holiday,
what do you think happened t, The
bad boys camo and hclpod weed my
garden! Work and play will keep
most boya from going bad.
In our cities we have a grent many
institutions to help tho sick and
poor and neglected—hospitals, orphanages and koines for girls and
boys and reformatories and Belief
departments to give food and beds.
All these may be good and necessary. But we should do mor. than
holp a few noedy people. We should
remove tho causes of sickness and
Once there was a dangerous cliff
and many peoplo kept falling over
the odgo. Then some kind hearted
people said, we ought to have an
ambulance to wait at tho bottom of
th. cliff and they started to rata,
a fund. Then a few people said why
not put a fence around the edge of
the cliff and keep people from -tumbling over. But the people who
wanted the ambulance became very
angry. ••- - •
bled over that
"and Mr. Truat is willing to" sell ui
inch a nice ambulance and thsn—
why you eold-hearted people wonld-
n't give us any chanc. to ihow nr
Several years ago ln aa Eastern
oity th. Y. W. a A. wenttd to build
a ehaap boarding hours, for young
fjirle. Ths girls wers not getting
wough wages t. keep thom properly. Some of then were getting slek
tnd some of then won going wrong.
They appealed t» tk. business mm
for fundi.
A itrange thing happened. Oer
business max called the
'People alwayi havs tu
.■* «,»*  cliff,"  they   said,
International Solidarity Among Ba-
npeaa Worken
Paris.—Louis Legrali,   sMittasy
of th. metal workers tf Avtrn.,
■France, has published . letter la La
Populair. (Much M, Ull), ia
whieh ho deicribis ths effort! of th.
government ts employ Gorman prisoners ia place of Frenoh workon
iu ths metal trades. The employ.™
desir. to start their factories. There
are still tw. million men in armi In
France. An eaay remedy seemed to
be tho Gorman prisoner! who war.
obtained through the government.
The governmont promised to ceas.
this practice but repeatedly brok.
itl promisee, thus permitting theie
war profiteers to hold the Frenoh
workera under their heoli. Says I*.-
?:rain: "Tha result wss very (liferent from that whioh they all hoped. Theae Germans whom thoy had
represented ai having neither hoart
nor eonscience hav. mor. nobility
and oharaetor than our Induitrlal
barons, They refuted absolutely ts
take ths places of the French mechanics.
"This aotlon by thin priionsn
ihould demonstrate te th. working
clasa that lt is not feelings of hat.
whieh win and blnld ap for th. future, but on th. contrary fraternal
bands ihould bo stretched aeron all
frontiers. Tho true enemy ia not
outiide bnt inilde tho eountry. They
an th. exploiters of human flesh ix
whatever branch ot industry thoy
Parli.—If the decision of tho six
Important unions in Franca ia adhered te, May 1 will be observed
by a general attention from work.
The delegates of these unions—th.
Bailroad Workera, Miners, Dock
Workeri, Motal Workers, Sailors and
General Transport Workera—at a
meeting yesterday decided to unite
in efforts to obtain recognition of
the demands of the workers, especially ax eight-hour day and increas
ed wagei.
Delegates recognized-that the demands of individual unions had been
satisfied in many cases, but decided
that the membera of the union!
should not work on May Day, in order to show the power of the organised working classes and ths
spirit of solidarity.
Labor Declines Junket
Labor.—The exclusion of labor
from the Paris Peace Couneil (to
say nothing of the exclusion of the
enemy) has just led the Labor party
hen to refuse to be represented on
the government delegation to Germany to inquire into the political
and economic situation there.
Labor's Municipal Victorias
London.—Municipal politics never
attracted muoh attention in Great
Britain—an attitude of mind that
may change when our left has established tho Soviot system herel—but
th. recent labor victories on tho
County Council! may b. regarded
aa significant of a revolutionary
change of opinion throughout the
country. At Durham—a cathedral
olty, too, whioh is genorally a
stronghold of the possessing classes
—for the first time in our municipal
records the Labor party is actually
in power on a County Council. In
th. London County Council, there
is a Labor party for the first timo,
which manifested its presence very
pleasantly recently in a vigorous
protest against the term "markot
rate" in reference to a school attendant's wagos. "Market rate,"
declared one of tho now labor members, "may be all right for pigs,
but what right have you to apply it
to human beings! "—and ho succeed-
in getting it changed to "trado union rate," both in title and effect.
Another very interesting labor advance is shown in the unexpected return of a labor majority on a parish
council in a Buckinghamshire village which is one of the strongholds
of the Bothschild family, who havo
dominated the council without opposition since parish councils were
first instituted. This kind of thing
is worth nothing, in view of tho increasing unrest among agricultural
laborers, who still see no sign in the
rate of their wages and the abominable conditions of tbeir housing
that the country li going to bo made
"fit for heroes to live in"—(seo
general .lection platform promises.)
Carponters Secede
New York,—Declaring that they
would form one big industrial union,
the carpenters, cabinet makors and
mill workers, formerly affiliated with
tho Brothorhood of Carpentors and
Jolnen of America, on April 13 vot-
od to ucede from this brotherhood.
This decision follow! a long drawn-
out fight between the officials of tho
brotherhood and thl secessionists.
The resolution of secession asserts
that tho intorests of tho workers
cannot bo served by remaining within th. brotherhood, and dcclaros
that wo organize ourselves and all
working in our industry in an independent organization, creating th.ro
by a nueloul around whloh we hope
to build up a big union for our industry, to be afflliated later with
other industrial unions,"
Scared Capitalists Take Out Strike
Taeoma.—On. of th. funniest instances in connection with th. recent general striko has just come to
light. It it that the large insurance
companies did a huge businoss writing strike insurance. They impress*
od upon tho trembling omploying
class that the radicals in the labor
movoment would surely restort to
violence to gain their point. Business men therefore rushed up to th.
offices of the companies to take out
strlk. insurance to guard them
against losses from expected violence. Hysterical nuwspaper stories
further inflamed their imagination
and caused them to pay big premiums for special insurance. Of coun.
nothing happened, with the result
that th. only line of business that
seomi to hav. prospered during th.
general itrik. was ths insuranc
Textd. Workon From O. B. V...
New York.—After a tw. daya national eonvention of textile worken,
held ia this elty April lt and 18, aa
indopond-nt retted
<Mfa*d t* laohis atf itiy war
eU\_ -Men to tke eiih, w»ls
sx*:»tt«x lnduitrlil, hat tke sat-
ehiiists ud tnaasa la Iks textile
miUs ww hon, celling Itself tk.
Axsslgaaatsd ts-rttl. Workers tf
About 11,000 worken wars npn-
seated, bnt the On. Big Union hops.
te Ike ia 100,000 wltbin a short
tlmi As svidenoe of it. forward
looKig policies, th. delegate!, representing about -light different na*
tM-Xlltlii, paind resolution. saHteg
f.rth« withdrawal tf American
troops from Bussia- recognition tf
the! class struggle; protesting against
tke imprisonment of Mooney, Debs
snd other political and industrial
priionen, and dimanding their release. Ths delegatea alas pledged
their moral and financial support to
th. Lawrence striken.
Furthermore, the holiday usually
termed Labor Day wai nol pleasing
to tho ndlial element of the delegate!, and lt wu declared that May
1 be the recognized holiday for tho
working elan. Th. roiolutiu will
upon all worken—not only thoa. in
the textile industries—t. ebssrrs
this holiday.
With a bunt tf applauas, ths del*
egatei sent thoir greeting! to the
Soviet government tf Bussia, Hungary end Bavaria,
Arkansas Mlnen "Pses Itarvetton
Huntington Arkansas.—The 1,000
ooel minen et Sebastian County an
faea t. fan with starvation. During the war tkey mad. good wages,
but lineo November 11, Ull, they
hav. been given only on. or two
daya of work each weok. Two days
a -mek will not support Uf. ia the
average miner'• family.
Favor Six-hour Day
Indianapolis—A six-hour work
day and a five-day week, wage in-
oreues, nationalization of eoal
mines, ud the right to organizo and
bargain collectively with the government, were the* principal declarations at the last meeting of the policy committee of the United Mine
Workers, which was attended by
175' representative! of that organization. Then recommendations, it
was, stated, woro intended to ba a
notice to the government and the
operator! that the coal minen will
demand wage increases, instead of
reductions, and that they will endeavor to enforce a shorter workday. It was also stated that British
miners arc now attempting to establish the six-hour day and increaie
wages, and that Pnmior Lloyd
George has declared that this would
place British coal operators in an
unfair position to compete with
American mines, now operatod on an
eight-hour basis. Members of tho
poHey committee stated that if ths
declarations are mado effective, they
w0hlli:not only benefit Amorican mi-
ridnl;, but British miners as woll, because the objections raised by the
British government would be rent?*!.!.
'Wtronize Fed. advertisers.
"ii Vancouver Unions
to ll*	
..nftlrt commutes: President, E.
VftftW* Tics-president, J. Kavanaih*
ttaatuser, F. Knowles; scrjeant-at-ann.,
W, A. Aleundw* tnateta, W. A. Frit-
c__fj, W. B. Cottrell, G. Hardy, H. Out-
Mrftlt' secretary, V. K. Mldslay, Room
310 Ltbor Temple.	
ell—Meeti    second    Monday    ln    tht
month.    Preeldent, J. F. McConnell; sscretary, R. H. Ne**lands. P. O. Box 60.
tion-.! Union of America, Loetl No.
120—Meete second tnd fourth Tuesdays
in the month, Room 205 Labor Temple.
Presidont, C. B. Herrltt; socretary, S. H.
Grant, 820 Cambie Stroot.
should be done Is not to build a
oheap boarding houn, hat tt rail,
the wagei," and a lot of the am-
ploytn thought him a erankl
Hli wai a bitter way: hut ther*
Is still a better. Changs our way of
doing bustesn so that all will hav
together ud said "If the girls areloaoi^k. It au be dono. That is tho
not getting  enough   wasm   what bnt way to help our Tiny Tims.
and Iron Ship Builders nnd Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meete every Monday, 8 p.tn. President,
M. A. MoEaohern, 12.6 Alberni St.-ssc-
retary-trcasurer, Angus Fraser, 1151
Howe Street; business .agent, J. A.
Monro. Room 212 Labor Temple.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Meets second tnd fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Htstings; Sntnoltl secretary and treasurer, Roy Mnsarcar, 1540
12th Ave. East.
Spanish worken Are Pro-
poring to Rid Country
of Parasites
Madrid, March M.-M banana
every day awn aypenat tkat th.
Sarliament don aet truly lepretext
pais, ud that its opinions an net
ths opinions of tin Spaniih peoplo.
In .very pert *f Spain today an
taxing place almost continuously
strikes asd demonstrations, due to
low wagea ud the ihortage, dear-
nm or oomplete abnnce of neoes-
sary articles of food, ud ia the attempt te auppnn then agitation!
peoplo en shot sad maimed by th.
armed guerdi—who repreient th.
governmont'! method tf meeting th.
Strange "TreavHIUty"
Then osaualtiea, which hav. hew
lamentably numerous of let., fie
the popular sense ef indignation ud
anger almoat te tke point tf do*
peratios. But always en ths otour*
renoe of inch events, ths censorship
is promptly sst te work. Thin is
a hsity ihuffls tf sfleiali, and inquiry is promlied, ud tht prime
minister, te Us daily statement te
the pren is able te announee that
"oomplete tranquillity" reigns
throughout ths country. And oa
suoh tranquillity ths fabric tf the
constltutioa insoeurely nsti.
Syndicalists Activs
Thsn is a remarkabl. development in tbo syndicalist organiationa
which, with Barcelona u their head-
quartan, bid fair to take hold of
the wholo .conomio lit. of tho country, with resulti whioh it would not
be possible to pndiot.
This organization ia causing th.
government and all lorioui-minded
politician much anxiety. By a system of subsidiary centre! levying
a toll on tho wages tf every workman, th. central orgnnization haa
already accumulated a vory large
fund. Bealizing that th. failure of
th. induitrlal rising of 1117 wae
largely due to lack of funds, ths organization ii determined not te
itrik. until it hu accumulated a re*
serve sufficient to oarry ths movement through to success.
Nit aalj does Faint pressrre tkt
surface te whieh it ia applied, bat
the UN of weU-seleeted oolora will
m beautify tha horn* that it's
ralue ia greatly enhaneed.
Begular colon, Mr gello-x_.__.-MJI
Begular color*, half gallon ,.,„ ISIS
-    *       - iff  ,, , $_,SS
Begular colors. _
Star colon and white a Uttle hlgkat..
■unter-Haadenon OU Sktegl. Stab—
The best ihingle prenrvattve mtit,
te held iu color and prwervs ths shlfr
Booing tar-
In t gtlle. uae, AtUvend, tln....|U»
Ohuak't   wtH-kina   wai   smsntlu
all ttltn, str pMhea.        _ r _*r
let solan fa balk, ft. peud —,, 111
We SoUott Tss*
Ctoodi naaWarai to Any faai al
Hunter-vHenderson Paint Co.
mi cwAimx-u strut    ,',
ldent, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president
A. Beamish; recording secretary, lln.
r. A. Dolk, P. 0. Box SOS. Phone
Sey. 888IL; financial leoretirr, Robt.
McKrirt, P. 0. Box 608.
feur'i Union, Locnl No. 865—Meet!
every 3nd ind 4th Wedne«Uyi I p.m.
Preaident, W. M. Brown; busineu utit,
F. Hislett, 125 Fifteenth Annuo lut;
financial aeeretary, Birt Bhowler, 1110
Itobaon Street; phono 8»r- 6-970. 0»et
587 Homer Street.
Meeta latt Bandar ol oach month at
2 p.m. Pmidout, W. H. Jordan; ti-ee-
preaidant, W. H. To»blU; awn-tup
treaaurer, E. H. Neelands, Box 68.
Provincial Unions
In annual eonvention in January.  Ex-
ecutlvo   offleen,     1918-19:     Pnaldent,
Dnncna McCillum, Ltbor Tampla, 7an>
couver; vice-prealdonta—Vancouver Ialand, Wnlter Head, South Welliniton;
Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince Rupert, W.
K. Thompaon; Vaneonver, E. Witch, W.
R. Trotter; New Weatminiter, P. Pee-
blea; Weat Kootenay, iUrcui Martin,
Nelson; Orow'l Neat Pan, W. A. Sherman, Fernie. Secre tnry-treaturer, A. I.
Wella, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Vancouver, B. C.
__ VIOTOBIA, B.,0.
end   Labor   Couneil—Meeta   Irst   and
third Wednesday*, Knighta of Pythlu
Hell, North Park Street, at I p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-preiident, T.
Dooley; secrotary-treasurer, Christian
Slverti, P. 0. Box 802, Vietoria, B. 0.
Loeal No. 617—Moeta every second
and fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. Preaident, M. McKen-
■ie; secrotary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and flnanclal eeentary, T. Thom,
Room 20S Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
7495. '	
213—Meets in Room 807 Labor
Temple, every Monday, 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, M. Burnes, 1162 Powell Stnet: recording secrftary, W. Foulkea, 440 Pen-
der Street West; financial aeoretary and
basinesa agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street Welt; ualatant aeeretary,
F. P. Burrow*.
ployees, Local 28—Meete every flnt
Wednesday ln the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
at 9:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
aeeretary and business agent, W. Mac-
kensie, office and meeting ball, 614 Ponder St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlce
hours:   lt to 12 noon; 2 to 5,	
en' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apts., Burrard Street;
aeen tary-treasurer, D. J. Snell, 910
Duaimulr Street,
B. C. LOGGER^ UNION—Affiliated
with B, C. Federation of Labor nnd
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An industrial union of all workera In
logging and construction campa. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street Weat, Vanconver, B. C. Phone Spy. 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Me-isrs. Bird, Macdonald * Oo., Vancouver,  B.  C;  auditors,   Messrs.  finttar
* Ohlene, Vancouver,  B, C.	
As-soriatlnn, Local 88J2—Offlce and
hall,' 804 Pender Street West. Meeta
flrst nnd third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary- treasurer, 0*. Thomaa; business
agent, A. Hill.
'BiitchtT Workmen's Union No. 643—
Merts first and third Tuesdays of eaeh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Pnsldent,
H. E. Wills; recording eecretary, Fred
Lilt*;' flnanolal seeretary and business
affift, T. W, Anderson, 587 Homer St.
North America (Vnncouver and vicinity )>»-• Branch meets second and fonrth
Mfttnayi, Room 204 Labor Templo. Prei*
id-rat J. Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colling-
*ws_*L East; flnanclal aeoretary and busl-
nea-i^aitent, H. S. Nightsealea, 276—56th
Ayei! East, South Vancouver; reeordlng
aeeretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point
Oiep Road, Phone Bayview 2979L.
fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
BeVfra 6—Meeti the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, I p.m.
President, John Sully; flnanolal aeeretary, M. A. Phelpa; baslneae agent and
corresponding secretary, W. Lea, Offlee,
Boom 219-220 Labor Temple.
and operating Bnglneen, Loeal No.
620—Meeta every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodgt,
677 Richards Street, City; vlee-pnildent.
Frank Hunt, 19lt Seeond Avenae Wee*;
eeentary-treasurer and busineu agent,
A. Alexander, Room 218 Labor Temple    Phone Seymour 7498L	
Employees, Pioneer Division, Ha. 101
—lleeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleuant,
let and 8r* Mondays at 8 p.m. President, W. H, Cottrell; recording aaara-
tary, A. V. Letting, 2M1 Trinity Street
[.hone High. 168R; treunrer. 1, I. Oleve-
and; financial itoretary aal. bnalneaa
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive,
offloe corner Prior and Mala Striata.
A merit1...
flnt M.i 'i'
Local No. 178—Meetings hell
in L>ach moath, 8 p.m. Pru-
LOCAL UNION, No. 879, U. M. ef A.-
Meets flnt Sunday in every month 8
p.m., Bichard Hall. Pruldent, Ju, Bateman; vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording seeretary, ju, Fearon; Ananetal
seeretary, William MacDonald; treuunr,
J. H. Richardson.
en, Local 1777—Meeta flnt and third
Mondaya In I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road Eut, at 8 p.ra. Pnaldent, H. H.
Foster; flnanolal secretary, W. 0. Smith,
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road East,
North Vanoouver.
bor Oonneil—Meeta aecond and fourth
Tuesdays of eaoh month, in Carpenten'
Hall. Pnaldent, W. B. Thompaon; aee-
retnry, Geo. Rudderham, Box 273, Prince
Rupert, B. C.
This le the time to
buy a Wheal We have
a full stock el Bicycles lind supplies. Re-
pair work done by expert*,
W. H. Morrison
108 Hastings Street East       Vaneoaver, B. C.
Agent for Maesey Harris and Indian Bioydea.
Ai* rea <b fa-rat of tke aaepHw ef tta teile-alac aa a "fieasAla «e
Im CMMMim-t
Ilodaia tesl.tr Is U-viM late tw. .latsesi-Capltellet eai Wtnwiifc.
Urn, witk lat.nstseaMi.l-f iffoA to tttk othtr.
Th. pnsaiit oidei (ivee te tke safiteHette eleas la aa itit lnrmsl-M
supply et wealth aad to the waftwukm sa one laneerisg masem ■
degradttioe and aia.17.
Theref ore, a atrujjl. gess .a ktlwssa Own tore ilatata.
As tellers et labor powsr, tk. worker, are Mmpollet tl llssalss fa.
duitrlall-f, without regard to net, steed «r color, aa\ tal-f la order to
obtain batter conditions, aad to resist tke ratklese e-tfloltotlea by atfiteL
but else to educate itt ssettboss to tksit ataas position la eeaUty, se thai
they ihall bt able to tak. wn tk. iadestriss aad to use these ia th.
Interests ot th* whol. soauatuitf* instead ef u at posset Jet ths bsasSI
ef a few.
flff   „ ,„ ■ N0...-~—
Are yen la favor of either ef tke proposod amtodattctt to tba OoesM.
1.   That no one taking a eentreet ihall be eligible tet mt-nbtrihi*-*,
YEB  KO. —
I.   An amtdment to above propotal kas bttn nud. a. follower
Persons tailing oontraota or adopting any meant ot oiploitation witk the
object of employing othor persons are aot eligible for utabtrtel-e.
I.   That
>et any pcraon wh. ysrforaas a sotielly-neettteiy funttlon la tl*
industry, or ia a eonatruttion camp, ia sligibls Iw 1
Question Ve. 1
An you in favor ef severing yenr aflUattoa with year prttaot ]
tlonal Craft Unloa, asd becoming part of One Big industrial Orgulsatlt*
ef all worksrs?
Mark your ballot witk an X-YBS....
Question He. I
An you ln favor ef a general strike te esteblisk a sta-kour working dayt
Mark yoar ballot witk ea I—YES  NO.	
It yoa de aot reeeive an oScial ballet by May lltk, use the eae ts
Camp Worker or Fedonttonist.
Shoes Away Down!
Lease is sold to W. J. Thome. We must viciate $26,000 worth of Ladiea' and Men'i
Boots to be sold out immediately, as wi quit buiinm. Tbii ii an opportunity to boy
good boots at faotory prion and in many cases lew. Hire are a taw examples of extreme prici outting:
Men's Solid Leather Box
Kip Boots, a dandy work
boot.   Reg. (5.50.   Closing out
Men's Goodyear welted
Gunmetal Calf. Regular
$7.50. Closing *r ir
out at.. .<fD.-»D
Men's Box Calf, in many
different styles and lasts.
Reg. values up to $6.00.
Closing out *t ap
Men's very fine Dren
Boote, in great variety of
styles, in tony red or ox-
blood and blaok . Regular values up to $10.00.
Closing out
Men's Good Work Boots.
Reg. $5,60. Closing out al	
-k Boots.
C. E. Slater's Tally Ho;
cushion sole, corset aroh
combination. Regular $11.
^.!!! $8.45
Children'! Kid Boots.
Sizes 3 to 7.   Reg. $1.76.
^.^ $1.00
Boya' Sohool Boots.   Reg.
$5.00.   Closing
out at	
Tennis and Outing Shoee
for men, women, all at re-
duoed prices.
MoPherson'a union-made
Boote, in many stylos,
Reg. $11.00. *7 0h
Closing out at <f I •9*9
Ladies' Fine Boots, in variety of styles and colors.
Beg. values vp to $12.00.
Closing out #■* tf
Ladies' Grey Kid.
ai^: $6.95
Ladies' in sises up to 4
only. Reg. $7.50.   in a*
Closing out _...e}4_a9t)
Ladies' Blaek Kid.   Reg.
^T.isbl $3.95
Ladies' Canvae and Set
Island Cloth Boote.  Beg-
J^.*5.50: $3.95
Ladies' Pumps and Oxfords, in canvas, poplin
and   Sea   Iiland   oloth.
2!!?.'.°* $2.95
Ladiea' Mary Jane Pumps
patent and kid. Regular
$5.00. doling to scout at  .fJ.43
Ladiea' Boota in many
styles and colon. Reg.
prioe up to $9.     *q QC
Closing out at..
If You Require Boote Don't Lose Time and Money Looking Elsewhere
While This Stock Is Being
—Sold Out at—
306 Hastings Street West, next the Dominion Building ■/JU KJ in-M-L
rcisa i i\/xn
IB, b. o.
..Jlay 8, Wl.
The Pioneer Union Store
Values in
Men's Balbriggan
Spring or Summer weight, long sleeves,
ankle length, white or natural, sizes 32 to 46
One-fifty-three Hastings Street West
I 'nrtniT   i
Closing Address by Rev.
Ernest   Thomas   in
Wesley Church
Strikes, Parades and Holidays Order of the Day
in Many Cities
London.—"May Day" passed un-
Iventtully ln Europe, so (ar ts
report! received in London indicato, with tbe notable exception
et Paris snd Berlin, where tbe work*
era indulged la a one day's
strike, and at Budapest, the Hun-
8irian eapital, whero   the   Soviet
overnment Issued orden to make
tho town rtd with Sags.
tomary parades and mass meetings,
and the Scandinavian towns celebrated in a like manner. Beports
of plans for a revolutionary demonstration ln Holland havo Uttered
through, but thoy may be baseless.
Hyde Park was the scene of the
London celebration. Numerous pro*
cessions of trades unions nnd other
societies marched to the park from
various rallying places ln the city
and suburbs. Speeches by labor
membors of Parliament and others
and resolutions on unemployment
and conscription, and also calling
for a poace with Bussia and a
league of free nations, formed part
of the programme. -*
In addition to May Day transportation strikes, which Involved the
subway employees and cab ond taxi-
cab drivers, Pensions were threatened with two lightloss hours and
the impossibility of obtaining refreshments. The federation of
power plants omployoes passed   a
resolution to adhoro to tho general
federation's plan for a 24-hour
striko by an entiro co-operation of
all outside labor and cutting off tho
current at the power stations for
two conaecutivo hours.
Not content with just having survived three consecutive Easter holidays with three holidays to como at
the ond of May, thc workers of Berlin and Germany generally rested
from their excessive labor on Hay
1, the "latest and nowest Socialist
holiday in that country.
All transportation was suspended
on the Berlin stroot cars, the suburban trains and -"Subways; long dis-
tanco train servico was limited to
food and milk trains. Not even coal
shipments were movod.
Council to
Officers Facing Courts
(Continued from page 1)
Paris Brand Shoes
I A Special In Hand-made Shoes tot Mtn—With uppers of chrome
er ell tan; half bellows tongue, town soles.  No. 1     d»i"f fffh
quality throughout, and all leather. Beg. $10. Special
A medium weight Boot, ln black or dark tan calf; hoavy doublo
soles, sewn, ell leather heels and tounttri* will built anda great
shoe for hard wsar.    Begular 18.60. "
Special .   	
Working Boote—Black or tan, army grain uppers) heavy tolet; all
leather keclt and counters. &A Q C
Begular 11.10.    Special _ tPteUU
Bring In your repairs.  I have the largest plant ln the city, ind
guarantee you satisfaction.
Pierre Paris
Boot tad Shoe Manufacturers, 64 HASTINGS WEST
Ono Door Weit of Columbia Theatre
Phono Soymour 4716
Investigate our "Pay
as you Wear plan"
—hundreds of Vancouver workingmen are
wearing new Spring Suits as a result of our
1   way of doing business.
We believe In the honesty el workingmen—wo trait them—we
give them thttr suit on payment of only a amall cash deposit*—they
settle the balance in weekly paymonts—as they ean afford.
There U* so red tape about our methods—all eur dealings with
slitnU are confidential,
Your Suit Is Here
—■Just es (ne quality—stylo—workmanship-aa you'll lad ln ths
elty—in ell the new models—in a wide selection of good materials,
$25 to $50
842 HASTINGS ST. W. (Near Homer)   -
reported that ia spite of tho attempts tto tie up tho funds, that
they had got them from the bank,
but that later somo of them had
got tied up through tho agency of
Del, McVety. Ho also reported that
they had taken legal advice.
Tho notice of motion introduced
at the last councU meeting by Del.
Smith roads ae follows: "That the
following bo added to Soetion 3 of
Aritcle 2: 'No member of any organization affiliated with this coun*
cil, who is not working at his ro-
spoctivo trade, and who is in the
employ of other interests not connected with the labor movement,*
shall not bo allowed as a delogate to
this council.' " This was read a
iirst time, after somo little debate,
in which it was pointed out that a
man in thoso*times must be either
on the one side or another, Del.
Hubblo taking tho stand that thc
council ihould deal with principles
and not individuals.
On motion of Del. Michalson it
was decided to appoint a committeo
on advertising, to covor any meetings held by the council, tho committoe being Michalson, Anderson
and Loggie.
Tho secretary reported that thore
woro a number of copies of the proceedings of the Western Conferenco
to hand, and organizations could
havo thom by applying to the Federationist offict. Queutions were
asked as to whether tho labor mombors of tho Industrial Kolatinns
CommiHsion had got iu touch with
the officers of tho council. It was
stated that J. Bruce had soon tho
officers, and that T. Mooro luid met
the secretary of tho B. C. Fedoration
of Labor; .and that ho had, while in
Victoria, criticized somo of the" officers of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, but had not done so ln Van
couver. Thu meeting adjourned at
10.15 p.m.
Meat Cutters and Butchers1 Union
The Meat Cutters and Butchers'
Uaionj. No. 643, moots Tuesday, May
6. Aal members ihould attend, as
the voto on tho One Big Union will
be taken and full particulars will bo
knows. Other buiineu of Importance will be takon np. Now it li
up to you to attond and keep yourself In touch with what is going on.
Tho times are such that wo cannot
afford to gat ont ot lino. Tbii
mobns you.
Vancouver Divine Tells of
New   Democratic
Tho following excerpts from tii
closing addross of tho Bev. Ernest
Thomas makes ono fool that tho
■church is slowly but surely awakening to tho vital questions confronting humanity:
"After John was pat In prison
Josus oame preaching tho gospel of
tho Kingdom of Heaven ....
the time is fulfilled, the Kingdom of
Heaven is at hand, repent ye, and
believe ln the gospel.'*
Thero had been dark days and in
tbe darkness ono elear light shown
the way of advantage But jwtt as
folks gathered around the light tho
torch fell from the hand of tho
man who held it. Ho was itTuck
down by the ruling class of his day.
Thon, indeed, things looked sorious
and tho darkness was deep. But ero
tho amouldoring torch had burnt out
Josus stopped forth, toofc up thc
torch, and holding it aloft, walked
out into the darkness with his great
cry. The times are ripe, processed
mature for settlement, the rule of
God is about to bo ombodicd in humun life. Chango your wholo mental and moral attitudo to life—repentance meant this and nothing
loss — and stako your life on tho
gospel.    -
Our own life, .as Emerson taught
us, is girt about with & zodius of
stars, tbo contribution of men who
perished to add thoir point of light
to our sky. But, howovt-r, each
might perish tho light ondurod. Tho
torch never fell from failing 'handti
but now hands took it up. Never a
John wont -down but a Jesus stepped forth. Thus thero was ever ro-
v*aled the way of advance in a
night of reaction, tho way of faith
in an ago of fears, the way of trust
in timos of suspicion and the-way
of love in a world of strifo.
Today we seo a new emphasis on
humnn values. Not long will a city
liko Vancouver onduro the payment
of throe hundred thousand dollars
a year for police protection of property and givo but onerthird of that
amount to tbo General Hospital to
save life. Education is increasingly
regarded as tho right of every child
of all the people, not the privilege
of the few or the boon graciously
accorded by the community to its
dopendent ones. Manual laboria not
all there is in life, but if hours be
shortened- according to the present
promise wo may all tako our. share
without impoverishing those other
activities of tho spirit to which wo
aro consecrated.
Socondly, onc notcB the determination all over tho world to end thc
causes of war and poverty. Men aro
weary of the palliative methods of
trying to prevent by arbitration or
othorwisc causes maturing into effects. War and poverty have thoir
roots alike in the present organization of peoplo into competing groups
of rivals each struggling for control of raw materials and markets.
We have had four centuries of pure
nationalism and whatever governments and privileged classes may do
millions of common peoplo nre determined thnt the process is ripe
for final action in tho formation of
a society of free people.
•Thirdly, ono hears tho universal
howl over any inadequacy in the
troatinent of tho victims of the war.
Thoso who recall tho apathy which
followed othor wars are thrilled to
hear tho steady protest demanding
for the victinjs tho best that life
give* Nor doos tho call ariso
from nny one class alone. It is the
cry of the awakening humanity.
Now, as in the day of Jesus, thero
are those who cun recognize tho ripeness of the time. But somo como to
this crisis with prepared minds nnd
somo liko tho foolish virgins come
with torches whose oil has not beon
replenished for many a dny and so
they walk in darkness. They even
claim that thoso whose torches arc
filled with fresh oil shall not be allowed to show thoir light or point
the pathway. And thia in Intolerable. Wo cannot givo them of our
oil, happy as the sharing would have
been, while there yot was timo. And
oro thoy can provido themselves the
wedding of tho world to democracy
will havo been completed and tho
door will have been shut. Those who
havo been content to bo comfortable
complasccnt and ignorant, who have
thought of anything but preparing
for (he now world, must simply give
place to thoBo whose faith was butt
for ridiculo and whose clour vision
Dresses for
Utile Girls
Special Showing of
Sizes Suitable for Age.
2 to 6 Years at,
$2.35 each
these   dresses
host of attractive styles
for   which   tho   Baby
Bhop is   so favorably
well known.
Neat Stripes, Checks,
Plaids and plain colors
are offered and the display includes Bloomer
Dresses in addition to
thoso of tho ono-pieco
order. The collection is
now replete and affords
splendid opportunity
for satisfactory selection.
A Special Showing at
Baby Shop, entrance
Granville and Dunsmuir Streets.
was for others but the illusion of
tho intoxicated.
For livo years we havo seen lifo
organizod for tho employment of
forco as a means of establishing
right ngninstpowerful wrong. Many
of us havo insisted thnt this uso of
forco tvas justified only as tho nation set itself to secure within itself a right social ordor. But tho
chango did not tako plaoo. Now,
with our fellow citizens we must
tako thc consequences. sAn<_ what
aro they! Wo havo over" ths world
somo twenty million men who have
boen trained to uso nnd organizo
forco for the overthrow of vested
wrong. Can wo wondor if thoy find
thcnMolvos tempted to uso thc method in which they hnve been trained
against n wrong which to them is
as oppressive as the ono wo have
tried to destroy t This is tho great
evil which thrcatons us if wo neglect tho awakening of the spirit.
Whether wo will adopt tho way of
fuith or tho way of forco is an alternative whicli stands as' yot open.
But the time of choice is brief. And
no words can state too strongly the
futility of all hopes based on a new
social lifo which look to local violonco and turn from tho deepening
of conviction and tho enlightenment
of understanding. The church, the
ruling class and those who have been
exploited all need n revival of a
great faith which, however, appears
to thrive most readily just now in
tho rnnks of tho exploited. Tor to
them that sat in darkness thero has
ippearcd a great light.
What ahall bo my last word lo
this people!  This:
Men of thought, be up and stirring
Whilo 'tis day;
Men of aetion aid and cheer them,
As yo may. x
There's a light nbout to beam,
Thero's a fount about to stream,
Men of thought and men of action,
Cloar tho wny.
Dairy Bmplojrees
Tke organisation el 11 ilk Drlvors
sad Dairy Employeos is molting
wilh considerable sucesu sad e
strong organisation is lookod forward to wltkln o Tory short tins.
The business meetings et Uie local
hsve been ckengtd to tbe tttt snd
third rndty ie thi montk sit the
Lsbor Temple.
Onsulsing Bl| #lut
Bogaluu, "U.—-Em-doyen e{ tke
Oreat Southern Lumber Ocmpuny,
whieh is the Unset eeaeen ef lis
hied is ttt world, ue being interested to tssds unlasiSB. At e nana
meeting ebeut IH workers Joined
tha lov.rtl unfit.
are made by union
workmen, sold by
union clerks, snd finished on the premises
hy union tailors.
Iromrsble Oily M
Thos. Foster & Co.
114 Granville Street
Euglneors Local 620
Twelve now members hnvo joined
up during tho pnst week. Tills is
very nearly as good as tho records
established during tho period whon
jobs wcro plentiful. Considering
the present industrinl stagnation
and the number of men unemployed,
and in view of tbo past action of
the workert in breaking away from
tho orgunized lubor movement as
soon as unemployment became general, this should be tnken ns an Indication thut tho workors oro beginning to woko up and instead of
thom looking upon tho organized
labor movement merely as t job
trust, they aro looking to it as a
means of emancipation from wage
Tho members of Local 020 seem
to thiak that it will have to be used
in the vory near future for that purpose, or tho lot of tho workers as
wage slaves will become so unheal*
able that the ones who 'have developed their powers of reason to
suck an extent at to realise that
thoy are wage slaves, will feel in*
dined to ahnfflo off this mortal coil,
and if possible transmigrate their
soul, ihould thty havo one, into tho
form tf somo other animal.
Lies of the Press on Russia Exposed at the
Comrade Pritchard held a' large
and enthusiastic audienco at the
regular propaganda meeting at the
Empress Theatro last Sunday ovoning.
Tho speaker has reeently been in
Seattlo whero ho had a long and in*
teresting intorviow with a Y. M.
0. A. worker who hns recently returned to tho Unltod States after
spending a long period in BolBhivlk
Russia. This young man was uot a
Socialist, not when he left the U. 8.
at least. From him Oomrado Pritchard secured much instruetivo information and his talk last Sunday
evening was mostly on Bussia in tho
light of this lirst-hnnd information.
Much of thit information has already been publishod in working-
class papers in this provinco, to an
extended report it not required hire,
Tho ttory of the alleged nationalization of women wns shown by
Humphries, the Y. M. 0. A. man,
and retold by Prltchard, to be a
deliberate lie. tt wus originally
told by the representative of the
Century Magazine, who, togother
with Humphries, w»t in Samara
when the notorious proclamation
wae issued.
This proclamation was secretly
posted by tho supporters of tho
Koyalist party, for political reasons.
The people, who wore ttrougly is
favor of the Soviets, recognized it
at onco as the work of the "Sgent
provacatuor." The looal Soviet officials removed thc proclamation and
started an investigation. Thty found
out thut the supporters of the
Czar's party wero responsible,
though theso peoplo tried to blame
it on the anarchist group.
Tho anarchist group issued a
scathing denunciation of the monarchists, which was road in full by
the speaker.
Tho most interesting part ef the
story lies in this: Tho representative of the Century Magnsiut aew
tho original proclamation. Ke know
what action tho loeal Soviot took
in tho matter. ff« reed the statement of the anarchists and ht knew
how public opinion was aroused
ovor it. Yet, when he sent to tho
outside world ho sent only the original monarchist-inspired proclamation and not tho denial, remarking,
whon Humphries inquired, "Why,
this is the biggest Story every written. To tell tho finish would be to
kill the ttory I"
By tuch methodi it onr ellegdd
"news" manufactured by the hirelings of capitalism.
The stories of chaos tnd itarva-
tion of whioh wo hear to much arc
greatly exaggerated, the tpeakcr
claimed, on the authority of Humphries. Evidence in tho shapt of
menus in tho dining * ears, witk
prices "cheaper and better than on
the American train," was submit.
ted. This particular short line of
railroad is operated by tkt Cooks
and Waiters' Union.
Bills for telegrams were produced, covering large treat ef territory, showing that the communications were in good shape, tkt
bourgooislo pross te tht contrary
Tho methods of holding eleetiont
in Soviot Bussia were fully explained. The three monthly election!,
with power in the   people's   hands
Till, j-rentest flnancli>rs of tlie nation toll us that
eredit Is th. bsokliono of business and tho nation's prosperity. -Wily should it not also apply
to the indlvidunl! Tou aro just as much entitled to
«i|oy tho benefit of Crodit at tho next ono—you won't
want lTiiiro than you can pay for, and that is all we
eare to know to establish a credit account with yon.
Wo can and do sell clothing that Is unsurpassed for
quality, atyle and worlitiimiship at a modorato prioe.
Don't thin}* beuuuso wo sell on terms that wo sell you
t poor gi'ada of Roods and chargo higher prices.
That's a mistaken idea.
We let you went* and test the clothes whilo yoa
tre paying fdr tbem In small easy payments.
Ofva ua a trial an we'll prove to you that oar system is . real convenience aud that lt pays ts buy th.
'•HEW YORK'' Way.
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
Oppofitt ffrtvlaH OAc* Hiy. 1301
Specials in
China    .
■ET—Thit beautiful little dinner ttt with its I
"pie white and gold design will grace any table.
It of good quality English icml-poroelatn, wit:
highly-glued white turfaeo, snd juit e touch
!old in a pretty scroll dosign. Those C_ | ly ■}
Ie 00 pieces to thl lit.   Price. $1/(1
CHINA DINNER SET-Truly thin Is e wonde.
value. A good quality imported (Alee with a i
floral design In tho form of a small bouquet o*
French grey background. Then dt| m "J
aro CO pieces to tho tet. Price 91 /11
SET—Thls beautiful Pinntrwnre Sot It a reprot".
tlon of t famous Chinese pattern, dtvclopod
the period ot tht lunn dynasty, when tke vano.
ture of porcelain wae at itt highlit efficiency. (
ef England*, best potters htu ohainingly roj
duced this pattern in tke flnost quality English r
lelaln. Truly a Dinner Servioe that would enha
your table) St pleoet te tkt
sit.     Price  _.
Millar & Coe, Limitet
(malt tnd female equally) te retell tkt eleoted officinls tt e moment •_ notice, got e loud round ef
applause from tkt audience. Tht
audience doubtless remembered tho
seven-yoar Parliament in England
and the methodi Sled in elections
in Canada. Ike eleotiont ln Vladivostok both before end sfter silled
intervention wert explained, snd
the spiaktr ksd Mm. biting remarks en Uii methodi used to keep
tke eld Otariit government in power
in that part, bolster td up by allied
Bome very   interesting   Informa
tion was given about tkt tytTest
education instituted by tk. Bovitt
and comparisons, not favorable
the eapitalist   educational   tyitii
wero made.
Other details of thli lntorvir
with Humphries have been give
elsewhere, in thit end ether wed
iug-class publication! in tkti eity,
Humphries apparently it one
th. many unbiased observori w
are not returning to this  counts
from Bussia whose faith   in    tl
ability of the Soviets Is boundles
Patronizo Fed. advertisers.
Blscksmlths 151
Blackimlthi snd Helpera'
is " pounding" ewey es
On Isturday it will kold e
special stuloa to consider end -rote
on tke "Om tig Unloa" ud tkt
"six-hour dsy." A speaker from
tho tontral cxtcntivt eommittte ef
the 0. B. U. will be in attendanco
.in an Interesting session la looked
forward to on attoant of tke prob
ability of tkt mtmbertkip yetting
forward t greet lumber el |eeB-
tioui. ■■"**
Patronize Federationist edvertls*
The latest and very last word in
clothes for the young fellow-
models that will catch your eye-
models that have true tailored characteristics—that make you a predominant figure amongst good dressers.
At  Dick's—
down tho street you'll discover these floe
clothes—in a shop that caters to the wants
of you young fellows in a way that'll make
you feel entirely at home—you'll see what
they're wearing in New York—you can
wear the same in Vancouver—models that
arc exclusively shown at thc Dick stores—
in a range of fabrics aud patterns that'll
well satisfy every liking.
Take a trip down th* street and give these ■
new togs tho onco   over—you'll  discover
something new—the last word in young
fellow clothes.
$35 to $75
You sec tho fit when you try it on. And
behind every garment goes tho Dick satisfaction-guarantee—Your money's worth or
your money back.
55-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.
Outfitters to the Men of the West


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