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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Feb 23, 1923

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m_       Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ^pou-hcai.mmrvwsmt
_     ____ _________--,     __= ____. ___„_______„ $2.60 PER YEAR
Seating of Midgley to Be
Referred to Local
City Council's Limitations
on Age of Employees
Is Discussed
Tho Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council han held, during the pant few
years, many stormy sessions, but the
one held on Tuesday evening was the
stormiest since the year 1919, when
the split in the Labor movement was
made by the formation of the O. B.
U., and the aftermath of that secession movement was brought to the
forefront when several letters from
local unions protesting againBt the acceptance of V. B. Mldgley, late secretary of the O. B. U., were read.
The organizations protesting were:
Musicians, Machinists, 692; Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees, Barbers,
Stage Employees and local 182 of the
Want Midgloy Expelled
" The executivo having had tho protests referred to bofore them, decided
that tho matter of the seating ot
Mldgley Bhould bo reconsidered, and
made the recomlnendatton to the
council. This course started a fresh
debate, which lasted the best part of
two hours, Bome delegates taking the
position that tho delegate should bo
expelled, while othors took the position
that tho council should be broad
onough to accept any man no matter
what his views wore, providing that
he was a member of an international
union, and working for the betterment ot the position of the working
Questions were asked as to the number of members the protesting organizations had, and how many afflliated
members the council had, to which
replies were given. The number of
membera of the protesting organizations being 1200, while the council
haa an afflliated membership of be
tween 11000 and 4000.
Dolegato Petyploce moved that the
recommendation t6 the council from
the executivo b'e tabled to tho next
meeting. In making his motion, he
stated that he did not wish to bo stampeded, and there was no particular
hurry over the matter.
Delegate Herrett objected to the
seating of Mldgley, and stated that he
had been Instructed by his union, the
barbers, to vote against him remaining as a delegate to tho council
The motion to table was lost by a
vote of 37 to 17.
Referendum Urged
The matter was then referred to
the order of new business, and undor
that head, the,debato was re-opened.
Delegate Flynn referred to section
16 of the Constitution, which provides
for a referendum of the memberB,
when 20 per cent, of the organizations
represented call for a referendum on
any decision of the council.
Delegate Pettlplece stated that he
was in favor of the referendum, and
that he would abide by tho decision
(Continued on Pago 4)
Mr. t *\ Id King and Dr. Robert Tet-
l % Will Speak on Propor-
\0. ku Representation
f afternoon, at Colonial
theatro,\.*\Garfield King and Dr.
Robort Ti \*t will speak on proportional ropV ° .\tatlon.
The platV tf J will be open to oppononts to thiB'system of electing the representatives of the peoplo on public
or governing bodies.
The chair will ie taken promptly
at 8 P.m., and it Is expected that some
ot those wbo have publicly expressed
their opposition to proportional representation will accept the opportunity
of voicing their opinions on this occaaion.
Give a little encouragement to our
Unemployed Conference and
Trades Council Take
Joint Action
Replies to Demand for His
Resignation from One
of Two Positions
Ottawa.—Tom Moore, president of
Tradea and Lubor congreaa, and also
director Canadian. National (government-owned) railways, will keep both
positions, although he draws salary
for one only.
Replying to trade union critics who
had charged that he was drawing
SR00Q as labor head and $1&,000 as
rail director, he writes in part:
"ThlB la tha flrst Intimation that I
have had from any source that any
salary was to be attached to the position of director of the C.N.R. On the
contrary, before accepting tho Position I inquired from the Prime Minister the terms of the appointment,
and it was only after he had definitely assured me that there would be no
salary attached to the position that
I accepted same.
"There ie, however, to be some provision made to cover necessary expense* Incurred in connection with
the carrying on of the work as director of tho C.N.R., and which I do
not think the Halifax Trades and
Labor council would expect me, per-1
sonally, or the Trades and Labor congress to defray.
"As to the final decision that the
executive of the Trades and Labor
congress shall bo written to demanding that I oither resign aa presidont
of the congresB or relinquish membership on the C.N.R. board, and tho
furthor statement that as tho board
membership was tho moro lucrative,
'Mr. Mooro would hold on to that,' I
wish to inform tho delegates of your
council that ovon If thoso statements
wero truo my decision would be to
retain the position as president ot
the congress1, and thus continuo my
efforts to be of somo service to tho
wage earners of Canada." ,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Immediate Relief and Point
Grey Job Were Also
On Thursday the 16th, a joint meeting between the Unemployed Confer*
ence committee and the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council was held ln
the Labor Temple. This was the flrst
time that the bodieB had met together, although the councU has been represented on the conference committee for a considerable time by G. H.
Hardy and J. Nixon.
In opening the meeting, AV. H. Cottrell, who occupied the chair, outlined
the reasons for calling the Joint
meeting, and asked If there were any
delegates who had reports to make.
Tom Richardson reported that the
exeoutlve of the Btudent body of the
U.B.C. had been interviewed, and
that lt was hoped that at a later date
there would be a meeting with the
whole of the students, when the Point
Grey situation could be fully explaln-
dd to them.
The chairman at thlB point outlined the need for Joint action between the Trades and Labor Council
and the unemployed bodies, and that
while there waB a need for the immediate relief of the unemployed,
there was alBO need for the provision
for the unemployed of the future.
Tom Richardson stressed the need
for immediate relief for the destitute,
and also for the necessity for the care
of the unemployed which would be
without work next winter, and stated
that unemployment was a permanent
condition and the result of capitalistic development. He also urged
that a policy should be outlined by
the organized workerB,
After some little discussion, a motion was Introduced calling for a mass
meeting at which the needs of the
unemployed coulud be voiced, the
meeting to be held in the largest
theatre which the committee coula
secure;  this motion was carried.
The Point Grey site clearing job
was then discussed, and uie opinion
expressed by many that tt waa a
menace to the standard of living of
tho organized workers- A motion to
send two delegates to Interview the
Attorney-General at Victoria was
then introduced and adopted, the two
delegates chosen being Mrs. H.
Thomas and A- S. Wella.
The question of the unemployed
women was then Introduced. In the
discussion, it was pointed out that
there were numbers of women who
were unable to secure employment at
any kind of work, and that whilo
they were unorganized there was no
possibility of relief.
Delegate Harris moved that the
.Trades and Labor Council be asked
to bring the unemployed question up
af the Trades Congress convention to
be held in Vancouver in September.
This motion was carried, after the
mover had shown that tho unemployment question was a national one.
Another resolution calling for the
trade union rate of wages on relief
work or full maintenance, based on
the figures of the Dominion government oa to the minimum allowance
for families and Individuals, was endorsed.
The unorganized condition of the
unskilled workerB was emphasized by
several speakers, and lt was decided
to aak the Trades and Labor Council
to form a Federal Labor union to
take caro of the workers who are not
eligible for any of the existing unions.
The Point Grey U.B.C. site clearing
job caused considerable and heated
discussion. Several delegates desired
to have this job placed on^ the unfair
list, while the TradeB Council delegates pointed out that unless the
workers were organized and affiliated
with the council, the placing of the
Job on the unfair list was the business
of the men who were employed there.
One dolegato suggested that a referendum of tho men employed on tho
job bo taken, and it was finally decided to refer tho mattor to the mass
meoting to be held at a later date,
Tho arrangements of tho mass meeting were referred to the chairman
and secretary, and two representatives to bo appointed by the Tradea
and Labor Council.       ^
Beforo the meoting was adjourned,
It was decided that all delegates be
requested to nsk each local union to
recommend that their unemployed
members be requested to Join the unemployed organizations In their respective districts.
Referendum on Political Action to Be Taken By
New Organization
Orientals Still to Remain on
Job to Keep Up the
Five Million Workers Will
Have Say in Formation
of New Party
New York—A referendum of 40,000
labor union locals, with an estimated
membership of 6,000,000, ls to be
undertaken by the Trade Union Educational league on the proposal for
political action by labor through a
separate political party.
Tho referendum' will provide the
first "aquare-toed" opportunity to
American labor to express itself on
a labor party issue. It will go out in
the form of a resolution offered by
tho Trade Union J3ducalonal league.
This proposnl is the second which
the league hns submitted to the membership of labor unions on a nation-
widescale. The first, on •.amalgamation of trade unions into unions each
embracing an entire industry, resulted
in an expression of opinion in which
a majority of those who respondoa
went an record in favor of amalgamation. Eleven stato federations of
labor ana many large central bodies
declared themselves in approval of industrial unionism as proposed.
With respect to the forthcoming
referendum on tho subject of independent labor political action.William
Z. Foster, secretary of the Trade
Union Educational league, called attention to the fact that in European
countriea where labor ls a powerful
factor in politics and government, thft,
(Continued on page l\
Vancouver Now Has Branch
of Trade Union Educational League
The Vancouver branch of the Trades
Union Educational League, was organized at a meoting in the Labor
Templo on Sunday, tho 18th.
A general discussion of the objects
of the League was held, in which it
was pointed out that the intention
was to amalgamate the different craft
organizations Into industrial unions,
and at the same time discourage secession movements.
A discussion of ways and means of
currying/ on tho work of the organization was next indulged in, and the
Labor Herald received a considerable
boost, and a number of subscriptions
taken. Tho Amalgamation Advocato
was also referred to and endorsed,
An organization committeo was appointed, and InHtructed to report at
tho noxt meeting, which will bo held
on the first Sunday in March, the flrst
Sunday of each month being solected
as the regular meeting day, the meetings wilt be held at 2 p.m.
Lack of Organization Prevents the Miners from
Securing Changes
Helpless without an organiiation,
after holding several meetinga to discuss the situation following the disaster, the Cumberland miners returned
to work on Monday at the Company's
The terms laid down by the company following the death of thirty-
three miners as a result of the explosion In No. 4 mine, are as follows:
That Orientals will be used with
white men in order to maintain the
output, as there are not sufflclent
white miners to maintain the standard of production. That all advance
work will be discontinued, and that
a start will be made to take out pillars which in a few weeks will eliminate the long wall system, and that
as soon as the pillars nre ready,
white men will be placed in them lf
there tire sufflclent mon available.
Since the explosion, No. B mino,
which has been cloaed down, has been
opened, and will bo worked until such
time as a now seam is found and
developed; the new seam when
found to be developed will be worked
by white labor; but if conditions will
permit long wall work, that will be
the system adopted, and If at all possible, machines used.
Theso terms. are however, only
verbal arrangements. The men havo
no hold on the company, and as one
miner has stated to the Federationist, the miners are helpless without an
organization. In the meantime, Sam
Guthrie and R. H. Neelands, Labor
members of the provincial house, are
endeavoring to secure information as
to the danger which the miners on tho
Island are facing, and with a view of
having tho conditions of teh mines Investigated; but without organization,
the miners can give but little assistance to tKe work being done by theae
representatives of the working class.
The Blogan for Vancouver Island
should be: "Organize or be destroyed; reBiBt or face death every day
when in the mines." To remain unorganized is worse than senseless; lt
Is imbecile.
Open Forum
"The High Cost of Bacteria" ls the
subjoct Prof. Sadler will take up at
the Forum on Sunday, February 25th,
at 3 p.m., at tho Workers' Party Hall,
303%   Pendor stroet  west,
Junior Labor League Notes
The Junior Labor Leaguo will hold
a dance on Saturday, the 24th, at
Willow Hal!, Seventeenth and Willow
Streot. Tickets 50c, can bo procured
at 148 Cordova Street West, All
friends aro invited and assurod that
they will have a good timo.
Technical Alcl Danco
Tho Society for Technical Aid for
Soviet Russia will hold a hard-times
dance at tho Clinton Hall, corner of
Clinton and Pendor Streots. on Saturday, March 4. Good prizes are offered for costumes, Admission, ladies
25c, gents, BOc.
See No Need for More People While
There Are Unemployed
Wellington, New Zealand.—Aa tu
America, labor In New Zealand is opposing the Immigration policy of the
government, contending that until the
unemployed workers are absorbed In
productive employment and the housing shortage overcome, It Is unfair to
bring workers from overseas. There
Is a shortage of at least 10,000 houses
In the country.
To deal with unemployment the
New Zealand Labor party Is demanding that the government Introduce an
unemployed workers bill, guaranteeing the right to work at standard
rates of wages or adequate maintenance. A bill on the same lines as
they recently made operative tn
Queensland, Australia, la urged.
Slow/Grind Picking Jury in
Herrin Triab Shows
Poor Results
Tenth   All-Russian   Soviet
Congress Approves of
One Million Workers Now
Employed Direct by
the State
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow — The tehth All-Russian
Congress of Soviets, meeting in the
sixth year of the Russian republic,
marks a return to normalcy. The
congress ls meeting only once a year
now, instead of every few months.
The political upheaval which made
frequent meetings necessary no longer
In the second place, the flrst act of
the congress, on its opening evening,
was to approve, cheerfully and unanimously, every act of the government
during the past year. There was no
row about it. Everyone agreed that
great progress has been shown and
thon they got down to businoss. Tbe
onlookers who had come in cxpocta
tion of some of tho old revolutionary
thrill went home at reasonable hours,
declaring the sessions extremely dull.
The great auditorium of tho Grand
Opera of Moscow was set aside for the
sessions. Mounted guards surrounded
lt. A year ago the streets of Moscow
were dark, but now the front of tlie
theatre flamed with red electric letters
over the whiteness of the snowy
square: Tenth Session of tho All-Russian Soviets. On the other side of the
squaro a changing sign in white letter
(Continued on page 2)
Coun. Hardy Secures Means
of Having Unemployed
On the motion of Councillor George
H. Hardy, the South Vancouver Municipal Council, decidod to open an unemployment bureau for ono woek.
Whethor thiB bureau will bo continued
or not will be decided nt a later meeting of the council.
Councillor- Hardy, in making his
motion, suggested that whilo it was
possible that the South Vancouver unemployed were being given a fair show
on the Point Grey site, ho was of the
opinion lhat thero were more Unemployed in the municipality than was
realized, and tbat the opening of (
bureau and tho registration of the un
employed would determine Juat how
many woro out of work. Ho also stat
ed that be did not think tho project
would Interfere or overlap the Provincial employment bureau's work. Tho
motion was Anally earriod. and the
buroau opened on typnday, and will
remain open until Saturday evening.
Defense Witness in Michigan
Trials Exposes the
Burns Outfit
Gives Inside Information of
the Activities of Stool
[By Carl Haessler]
(Federated Presa Correspondent)
Chicago—The dark hand of the
Burns detective agency in stirring up
fake violence and bogus red scares
became moro evident according to the
testimony under cross-examination by
the Michigan prosecution of Albert
Ballin, defence witnesses ln deposition hearings for the 21 Labor men
Involved in the Michigan red raids of
Aug. 21, 1922.
The hand took on flesh and body
when Allen O. Meyers, New York
manager of the Burns agency, suddenly appeared at the hearing to confront Bailln and denounce the renegade Btool pigeon as a liar. The dramatic meeting was spoiled because
Meyers had timed his appearance too
soon,   He is to testify later.
Meyers refused to be interviewed,
saying he would give all his evidence
on the witness Btand under examlna
tlon by Prank P. Walsh, defence counsel. Meyers seems to be a man of
about 40, stylishly, even flashily dressed, and giving the impression of e
hard-faced man of business combined
with that of a sporting man. He Ib
believed to know more about the Michigan red raid, which he engineered,
than he will care to tell,
Meyers figured in Ballln's testimony
again when the Burns ngency especial
ly at the time of Ballln's arrest in the
fall of 1920 for sending a threatening
letter through the mails, at tlio direction, Bailln said, of the Burns agency,
with the object of getting the rich to
contribute more money for the drive
against "dangerous radicals."
Fifteen minutes after his arrest in
Now York, Bailin declared, Meyers
was down to see him promising to take
care of him. "Tell the truth," Mey
ers advised Bailln in a loud voice, but
then whispered quietly so that no one
elso could hear,. "Keep your mouth
shut and deny everything." Meyers
also gave him $5, Bailln testified. Efforts to get bail were declined by
Bailln in spite of MeycrH' alleged offer
to fix It tip direct with Attorney Gen,
Palmer. Hall waB reduced by the
court and procured by Ballln's rola*
tlevs after Assistant United States District Attorney ftlatthews had told
Judge Knox that the private deteotlv
agencies were interested in keeping
tbo kettle boiling in the campaign
against the reda.
Tn several clashes between Ballin
and the Michigan cross examiners,
Ballin emerged victorious on Issues of
fact. Meyers had evidently brought
Important documents including original reports hy Ballin to Burns from
the Burns' files for the use of the pro
sedition and Ballin cleverly used these
to vindicate his memory against other
documents produced against him.
In a statement to the press, Ballin
declares thnt he worked for the department of Justice while still an alien
three years before he was naturalized
ln 1920. He denies that he was ever
employed by any radical organisation
to Bpy on the detective agencies for
which he worked. He further denies
he ever gave out any Information to
radicals or othors while he was employed by the Burns agency, the Thiel
agency or by the government. Ho
challenges Jake SpolanBky, Chicago
man of tho department of JubIIco,
whom he accused of selling govornmont reports to the Thiel agency, to a
day in court. He admits that he mailed the threatening letters which led
to his indictment, hut states that he
did so under orders from the Burns
and Thiol agencies, his employers at
tho lime, and for no othor reason.
Tlie government asked for a continuance when tho case was sot for trial
over two yearn ago and the matter has
been allowed to sleep.
'•Burna is too seriously implicated
to allow tho caso to get into open
court," Bailin declaros.
Interest Is Aroused in Local
Political Circles and
[By McAllister Coleman]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marlon, 111,—The slow grind of
picking a jury to try unton coal
miners for their alleged participation
In the Herrin rioting has begun all
over again In the little brick courthouse here. One after another talk-
men are asked about their attitude
towards organised labor and whether
or not they have opinions as to the
guilt or Innocence bf the six union
miners on trial, And the first few
days of the case, brought out the fact
that there are .few In Williamson
county who have not formed some
sort of opinion In regard to the rights
of a community to defend itself
against the invasion of armed forces
employed by prlvatet corporations to
break unlonslsm.
Thirty talesmen were examined In
the flret three days of the second'trial
and none was found acceptable to
both Bides. Wiseacres are prophesying that it will be well Into March
before the Jury that ls to try Hugh
Willis, Otis Clark, .Bert Grace, Philip ,
Fontenetta, Oscar Howard and James
Brown Is finally selected.
The trees that wave their branches
before the high, dingy windows of the
circuit court room were turning from
green to gold when the first of the
trials began and already there are
hints of spring in the breeses that set
the boughs scraping against the walls
of the courthouse. The oldtlmers
are again tking up their posts on the
sunny side of the square talking over
the events that led to rioting last
June and generally expressing their
approval of the acquittal of the coal
diggers ln the flrst case,
In the meantime Interest in local
politics Is reviving Marlon will elect
a mayor and four commissioner* thto
April and the Law 'Enforcement
league of this town has been quietly
at work interjecting a labor-capital
issue Into the contest. The union
men at Marion have not been slow
to recognize that a drive will be made
against them by those business Interests which refused to go on ball for
the Indicted miners and have all
along exhibited a quiet hostility to
union labor. The miners will have
their own ticket in the field, headed
by Henderson Clarity, and supported
hy all the organised laboring forces
in. Marlon. Last fall's county elections, whtch were overwhelmingly
carried by labor candidates, showed
the workers in Marlon how successful they could be If they dropped
party lines and voted together. There
Is little doubt that they will succeed
this spring. A. M, Thompson, former
head of tht Marlbn miners' locnl, Is
managing \h*. campaign,
Hand your neighbor this copy ef
The Federationist, ahd then call
around next day for'a subscription.
Building Trades Committee to Meet
Tho Building Trados committee of
the Vancouver Trndes and Labor
Council will bold a meeting In room
80S, Labor Templo, on Wednesday,
tho 28th, at 8 p.m. All members of
this committee nro urged to nttend to
discuss tho local situation, and the
possibilities of Increasing the various
rates of wagoa for building trades
Two  Groups  Prepare  for
Eventualities As Result of Panic
[By  l-oiils P. Lochner]
(Kurnpcttn Director, The Federated
Berlin.—What will happen to Germany?
There seoms to be general ngreement that things cannot go on as at
present. From one day to another
the mark drops a thousand or two
thousand points. There is panic
Two groups of Germans are preparing for a revolution, The one
group is the secret monarchists organization to which belonged the inspire rs of tho murder of Rathenau,
Hig money Is flowing to It by mysterious channels. Technically the secret organizations have bcen dissolved. But everybody knows that
thoy exist and thnt (hey nre anxiously
awaiting "thc day."
The success of the Fascisti in Italy
has given new impetus to,tho*reac-
tlonary movement bnt has threatened
lo raiso Cain with tho discipline of
tlie leaders. Tho calm leuders sit on
the lid and say thoir timo will come
after tho workers have first risen and
given an excuse to tho "rights" to
como in as eaviorra of the day.
The other group which i« aiming
at a revolution is tho communist
party and Its following, That party,
too, has hotheads who would like to
Strike at once, but their leaders
counsel a waiting policy. "Let tho
conservatives start another Kapp-
Putch." thoy say; "thon we will put
It down and this timo not rest until
wo have established a workers' govornment."
Tho "rights" can afford to wait
botter than thoir adversaries. While
they aro In part recruited from form-
or noble and ofllclal families which
are now badly off, ihey somehow
have means of scraping through, PAGE TWO
FRIDAY February 81, 1»2I
fMUaked every Friday morning by The B. C. Fcderatlonlat
Business Offlce:   1129 Howe Street
MKartal  Offlce:    Room   806—Sl»   Pender  Street West
___tter!al Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley,
wcrtptlon Rate: United States and Foreign, 88.00 per
year: Canada, 12.50 per year, 81.60 for six month*; to
VMone subscribing ln a body, 16c per member per
Unity ol Labor: The Hope ol the World
FRIDAY... _ ■ February 23, l»-8
Immigration and Working Class
NEWS which appears in the press affects different
peoplo in different ways. To those who can read,
all the "news" is not jnst what it is made out to
bc, and when they read the columns of the daily
papers, they not only read the lines, but read be-
tween them, and by so doing, endeavor to get at the
real meaning of the news or propaganda of the
master class,
* *       *
Discerning readers on Wednesday were met by
headlines in a local daily which, if printers ink had
anything to do with it, spelt prosperity for the
workers of this country. Thoy announced that
farm hands were coming to Canada by the thousands. Hero is how the head to the article in question read:
To Vancouver and British Columbia generally tho despatch printed below constitutes one
of the most important items of news which has
come over the wires in recent weeks. It indicates that production on the prairies is to be
enormously stimulated by the introduction of
man-power on a large soale. Prairie prosperity
and prairie production mean increased business, industrial   progress and   prosperity for
* »       *
The article then showed how that great benefactor of this country, the Canadian Pacinc railroad,
had decided to bring thousands of farm hands and
domestic employees to this country, and that there
are some four thousand farmers in Switzerland
waiting to oome to Canada, and in order to facilitate their entry into this country, the C.P.R. has
appointed European representatives to take care of
this end of the business.
* *       *
Tho actions of corporations such as the Canadian
Pacific railroad, are at all times worth investigation. In faflt tho transportation business depends
on people moving form one place to another, and it
can be safely said that this huge corporation is interested in roe business-as-usual question, in fact is
feeling the pinch of falling traffic inhuman freight,
and consequently has to soek new avenues for
»       *       *
It would bo in bad taste for us to suggest that a
corporation which . has worked its employees on
short time for near to three years ,would wish to
flood the labor maTkct to a point much worse than it
is at present. In fact we would hate to think that
thc C. P. B. did "not have the interests of the country at heart, seeing that they own a share of it, and
a large share at that. But we wonder what the
farmers, who havo been unable to sell their wheat
wliich they, grew last year, think of the new immigration planst • We also wonder what the unemployed, who last fall, turned thoir longing eyes to
tho prairie provinces in the hopes of securing a job
so that they could get a grub-stake to hst them
through thc winter, think of the influx of farm
hand: will mean to them, not only for next winter,
but in 1 he coming spring, when tho prospects of a
job at plowing oi seeding has appeared as a luscious steak to a hungry man.
.   *       *       *
If people made jobs, then the British Isles, wth
its thickly-populated areas, would be tho most prosperous part of the British Empiro. But the facts
prove lhat people do not provide work for themselves, but that a world market determines just how
much wealth or the number of commoditiets which
can be absorbed. But what is the use, either of
wondering or thinking of the slaves' attitude to his
master's schemes. We know that the workers seize
on every straw in tlie vortex of the capitalistic system, imagining that a simple thing which thcir masters pn pose will aid them and free them from the
cur;,e of unemployment, but time and time again
they have been shown, not by writing, but by actual
experience, that master class tactics to operate their
businesses at a greater profit, havo never benefitted
the workers, but wc venture to say that the headlines nnd the article referred to has inspired hope
of bettor days in the year just started on its way to
grenter misery for a class which falls for thc piffle
of thc daily papers, and the propaganda of ruling
class interests. In the meantime, when the "immigrants" who will be as foolish as thc workers already in the country appear, thc chances for jobs
will get scarcer, and the wages lower, and thc C. P.
R. and other concerns prosper accordingly. Verily,
the slave is a peculiar animal.
The Unskilled Worker and
THE unskilled workers of Vancouver, that class
of men trho work at what is called common
labor, are not organized. They either have not seen
the necessity for organization, or they are apathetic
to thcir interests. With a vigorous immigration
poli(^, tho employors of this country can secure unlimited supplies of unskilled labor. Tho employers
well know this and they are preparing for a further
onslaught on wages. But thero is a method by
which tho machinations of the employers can bc
resisted, and lhat is by a united front on the part
of the workors.
The worker who follows any particular occupation is more concerned in conserving his own craft
or occupation intorests than he is in thc welfare of
the o'her fellow, but there is ono outstanding feature of tho Labor movement, and that is, that the
organized worker ean always get the car of the rest
of the organised labor movement, providing he
shouts hnrd onough, and for that reason alone, thc
unskilled worker should make an attempt to organize with those who follow the same kind of work
* j.        *
But while the organized craftsmen may not real
ize that it is their business to see that the unskilled
worker is organized, it must be pointed out that
there is so little betwen the skilled and the unskilled
worker in these days of highly developed capitalism, that thc divisions of the past in industry should
be at least eliminated in the minds of those who
imagine they are of different clay, for tomorrow
they may, too, be on the line occupied by the common laborer, looking for a job. Machines have no
consciences, and as they have displaced skilled
workers in the past, they will continue to do so, and
it is only in their own interests that we call on the
organized workers to aid the unorganized in any
and all callings to organize. A united front at this
time is essential, and will be more necessary in the
future, but today—here and now—the opportunity
awaits the active spirits in the labor movement.
"To the task, and organize," is a good slogan.
Island Miners and the Need for
LAST week we called the attention of our readers
to thc necessity of a thorough investigation into
the real cause of the Cumberland mine disaster.
We also pointed out that thc miners on Vancouver
Island were not organized, but we have to date seen
no great rush on the part of the miners themselves,
or the organized workers, to see that the investigation is held, and the miners organized
The reports as to the inquest on the victims of
the mine disaster do not give any satisfaction to
those who realize the danger in which miners have
at all times to work. The whitewashing process
seems to be going on apace, "there Wno one to
blame for thc explosion"; but one question which
we asked, and wliich has not yet been answered, is,
"how did the gas get in the mine without the
authorities knowing about it?" Not as to who was
to blame, or what was the cause of the gas exploding. Until this question is answered and answered
satisfactorily, the Federationist will continue to demand an explanation, and if the workers who are
organized will take this question up, the powers that
be will be cqmpelled to either answer it, or prove to
the workers that they do not value human lives,
but regard property and profits as sacred.
Realizing the dangerous condition of the mines on
Vancouver Island, and that more wage slaves will
most likely be blown to atoms or suffocated by afterdamp, wc consider that it is high time that the
miners on Vancouver Island organized to proteot
themselves against, not only a lower standard of
living, but extermination. The only organization
which can aid them in this work is the International
Mine Workers of America, and to this organization
we make an appeal to start the ball rolling, fully
realizing thc blacklisting tactios of the tmployers
since 1913; at the same time, there should not be
any reason why Vancouver Island cannot be organized after the work accomplished in Western Virginia and other parts of the United States where
the miners and their families were terrorized by the
agents of the employing class, is considered. There
is work to do; that work is the organizing of the
miners on Vancouver Island. Those men organized,
mil not only be able to protect their interests, but
they will be a great assistance to the labor movement of British Columbia and Canada.
Politicians and War
MR. LLOYD GEORGE, war-timo premier of Great
■'■'■'•Britain, now a back bencher, has stated that politicians and not military men are to blame for war.
Being a politician, the honorable gentleman should
know; but it is quite evident to the student of human society as at present constituted, and the development of the various stages which humanity
has gone through, that the politician and the military man, are noither responsible or creators of war.
They aro the puppets of circumstances, jnst as the
workers who engage in the class war arc the product of a civilization wliich is based on human slavery and class antagonisms.
* *        **.
Why do countries go to war? This is a question
that must bc answered bofore the responsibility oan
be placed. Of course, the politicians and the militarists all claim that any war that they are engaged
in is for decency, or some other "great ideal," but
wars of this age are but the outcome of economic
conflicts between different groups of capitalists, and
if thore is another war, and the chances appear good
for such an event, it will not be brought about by
politicians or militarists as the first cause, but by
the conflicting interests of economic groups who
control not only the politicians, but the military
forces which aro but tho means of support for those
economic interests.
* * 4>
All institutions under capitalism are determined
by the economic structure of society, and the psychological outlook of groups, are but the reflection
of tho struggle which is going on between the warring factions in the ranks of the capitalistic class,
and the struggle which is taking place between capital and labor. But the war which will have to be
fought—thc class war—is the most important event
of the workers. The fighting of the capitalistic
groups for control of natural resources, should not
concern the wage workers; but we find that thc
victims of ruling class butchery, take a certain pride
in handing out death to the foroes of the opposing
groups, which are in all cases largely composed of
the members of the working class, who reap the
harvest of death and misery which the present system imposes on the very basis of capitalism, the
slavos who produce all the wealth and the death-
dealing instruments which destroy them.
»       »       #
The cause of war, either capitalistic or elass, is
thc present system of society. The politicians aro
but thc tools used by the real powers to carry out
thcir dictates, while the militarists arc merely the
puppets who back up the political groups in their
efforts to secure some material benefits for the
group they represent ,and let it be noted, that force
is the stand-by of the politicians, when they feel that
by "diplomacy," they cannot secure their ends. But
the class war is thc only struggle which should bo
considered by the workers. Thnt settled, thero will
be no more capitalistic war, but peace will reign and
humanity freed from slavery and hunger To the
Another anti-Oriental debate has beon staged at
Ottawa. But it might be pertinent to ask at this
time, has the Canadian members of parlinment ever
considered the cutting out of Chinese and Japanese
competition in the world market? The answer
would be most interesting if they have.
The Australian Defence Act
Compels Youths to
Join Army
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia—Under the
Am..tralian Defence Act, all boys are
compelled to undergo military training. No provision is made for objectors.
The treatment meted out to youths
opposed to taking up arms ls shown in
the case of Clifford Mitchell of Melbourne. This case Is only one of
In January, 1920, Mitchell refused
to drill and was jailed for 14 days.
His crime was that he obeyed his
piiunts, who are conscientious objectors, and followers of the Methodist
In February, 1922, he was again
ordered to military camp and refused.
The military police raided his parents'
home several times trying to secure
him by force. But they failed. In
November, 1922, he was arreBted at
his work and Jailed for 28 days. Hts
parents' were not Informed of hts arrest and did not find out that he had
been jailed until several days later.
The Australian Labor Party is opposed to compulsory military training.
The Labor Party also opposes trial by
court 'martial where civil courts are
available and stands for the abolition
of the military oath, of distinction between commissioned and non-commissioned officers, of the military salute
and other useless disciplines, and for
prohibition of the use of soldiers ln
Industrial disputes.
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Unfair Music
Editor Federationist: Sir—In reference to an article published In the
Federationist under date of Feb, 2,
re unfair dances, Blgned by a gentleman calling himself "Scotty," I would
like a little space to reply to same-
He refers among other things to my
"Scottish Social Dance" held in the
O'Brien hall every Saturday evening.
I would like to remind him of the
fact that the Musicians' union,
through Mr. Fletcher, the organiser,
had approached me a short time previous to "Scotty's" letter and made an
appointment to talk the matter over,
which, in brief, has ended successfully, and my orchestra will be working" under union rules very shortly.
I may also state that this dance haB
been more of a social party than a
transient (, dance previous to taking
over O'Brien's hall recently, which
fact has accounted for not joining
the union before. Regarding "Scotty's" remarks about the music being
"anything but good," he must evidently be jealous of the success of the
dance, because, as everybody knows,
the music is probably the principal
'drawing card of any dance, and It Is
hardly to be expected we would have
a full house every Saturday evening
if the music was not first-class, and,
judging from the public patronage, as
good as any in the city today. "Scotty" also mentions the fact that most
of the musicians at these dances are
employed at some other Job ln the
daytime, I would just like to re
mind htm, as apparently he does not
know, that a large number, if not
the majority, of union as well as nonunion musicians playing at dances are
engaged in some other work during
the day. I therefore contend that
the criticism given by "Scotty" is absolutely unfair, and not correct, and
I think that before he writes any
such letters he should be sure of his
Thanking  you  for    any    valuable
space you can afford In your paper,
Respectfully yours,
4164 Fraser Avenue
Vancouver, B. C.
American Labor to
Express Itself
(Continued from Page 1)
workers   have   organized   and
strengthening  and  extending  powerful workers' parties.
"In Germany," he said, "the various workers' parties control 42 per
cent, of the members of the national
legislative assembly. In Austria they
control 38 per cent,; in Czechoslovakia, 36 per cent.; In Belgium, 75
per cent. ; in Denmark, 34 per cent.;
in Italy and Bulgaria, 25 per cent.;
ln Norway, Holland and Switzerland,
22 per cent."
The movement for a separate labor
party has been gaining force in all
Labor organizations in the last year,
Foster declared, and now Is sweeping through many uniolns wheih In
the past were regarded as strongly
opposed to any other political action
than that involved in tho "reward
your friends defeat your enemies" appeal.
"The 16 railroad unions," he said,
"are largely committed to the idea,
as are the miners, the typographers,
the clothing workers, innumerable
city central bodies, state federations
of labor, farmers' organizations and
liberal groups all over the country.
The movement found a timid expression In the conference for political action which met in Chicago early in
Russian Republic Returns to Normalcy
 (Continued from page 1)
advertised the government's new internal loan.
It must not for a moment be Imagined that the return to normalcy Is a return to the common state of a capital*
1st country. On the surface, Ufe goes
on much as in othor countries, except
that the vast majority of industrial
enterprises are ln the hands of the
stato. One million workers are employed In state Industries, whereas
all the private Industries taken together employ about 80,000 workers, and
of these about half are in co-opera-
Navy Serge Suits
Well made from a good quality English
Serge. This is a splendid buy.
..    Others Up to $35.50
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Be Consistent, and Patronize Those
Firms Which Employ Union Labor
■"■ ■.'.'} j
$tore Opens at 9 a.m. ant
Closes at 6 p.m.
These New
$2.50 a pair
FOR average to short figures we are showing an excellent new model, designed with
a nine-inch clasp which extends three inches above the waistline in front and graduates to a slightly higher back. The skirt is
of medium length with ample fullness for
hips and thighs, and a fiat back terminates
in a two-inch elastic section; sizes 22 to 29,
$2.50 a pair.
An excellent new Gossard for slight figures, has a
short front clasp which extends 2% inches above
the waistline, and the skirt slopes to medium length
over hips and thighs, graduating to a medium'
length baek. This "model has four hookB and eyes
and four hose supporters; sizes 21 to 27—$2.50.
—Drysdale's Corset Shop, Second Floor
tive establishments1 or semi-State
In trade about 30 per cent, of the
operations are private, 70 per cent, by
State or co-operative organs. Foreign
trade ls completely in the hands of
the State, as ls banking. All the land
is State property,- but about 95 per
cent, of lt is at the disposal of the
Tho Russian situation is essentially
different from that ln any other nation. The political power is firmly
placed In the hands of the working
class. There ls no pretense that
equality exists, either before the courts
or ln making contracts with the government or in paying house rents. A
worker will pay one-tenth of the rent
paid by a capitalist in the same house
for the same kind of room; a worker
will be let off in court for a misdemeanor, while a bourgeois (whose superior education should have taught
him better) will be punished; a cooperative will get much better terms
in the way of concessions than are
granted to private Individuals.
This ls not democracy, and does not
pretend to be. But this is,tho flrst
time a society has begun Its own dos-
tlny. Thfs ls the new thing in Russia;
that Is why thfs year, ln spite of its
surface capitalism, is more truly revolutionary than even the glowing
moments of overturn and seizure of
For this ls the first year of peaceful
and uninterrupted construction on a
new foundation.
Alwaya took up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
Magnificent models in Velour,
Bolivia, Duvetyn—beautiful fur
Offered for tlio balance of
February at clearance price
Famous Pr"kCT
To Wearer
Near Orea-Ule
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
J01-408 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
IS7 HMttnn St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Telephones: Seymour 8860 tad 8887-
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
030 Main Stnet
Phone.: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offloe No. 2
1026 Main Street
Phone Bey. 9075
Ring np Pbone Seymour 2M4
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   Ml   Dominion   Building
Kindling Free
1160 Georgia strut
Sanday ler.loM, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately follow!.!
morning aervice. Wedneaday testimonial
tii.i'tl_K, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
001.908 Birks Bids. ^^
B. P. Harrison 8. A. Parry
Phona Fairmona 88
Order Gallon Jar for your partita and dancea.
Pbone, Highland to.
Cigar Store
r\ID yoa eier "hold tha llnet" That
"is held tha tolephono reoolver to yoar
aar for what seemed Ilka hours, while
someone yon had called np looked ap
papers or other thlnia to anawar yoar
When you an ealled by tolephono aad
mast Uke time to look ap aomathlnf, It
Is baiter to «ty, "I wll-look It up aad
eall yoa."
This little courtesy will aot only ore-
teat the caller from becoming Impatient,
bat will release both lines for other calls.
Two Short Word., Bridging the Golf Between
Hare yoa  protected  yonieelf aad yonr family atalnat such aa emorfeney,
with a SA VINOS ACOOnST—the moat rateable Asset a aun aaa bate fer
tbe "BAINT DAT."
We STRONGLY EECOMHXND yoa lo Btart auch aa account AT ONOlt,
at oaa of our Olty Braaehee.
HASTINOS aad SBTHOUB aeo. I, Harrison   Hanaaer
Oordon aad Abbott afeln ut __ti An. Mala aad Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—It yea am lifter In a
trees tu by
_ Mt pn*ld*»4 with Basking fedHtlM  si*
mall, aad wa wlD ee a****- u gaMa ye* la teeyeet te "Baa&tag ay ■■fl." ..February 28, Ull
A Bona-fide Offer by a Dentist
of the Highest Reputation
Every form of Dental Work—everything necessary to put yonr teeth
in first-claw condition.
Call next week—have your Dental Work done at
Nominal Cost—Estimates Given
15-Year Written Guarantee Given
Dr. Brett Anderson
Comer Seymour
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vaneoaver Unions
1 Counoil — President,. B. H. Neelands, hi.
Jt. A.; general aeoretary, Percy B. Bengough.
Ifflce: a08, 319 Pendor St. Weet. Phone Bey.
f 496. Moets ln Labor Hall at 8 . .m. oa
The first and third Toeedays In month.
| Mo-ts second Monday In tho month. Preildent, J. It. White; socretary, It. H. Neet*
Indi. P. 0. Box 00,	
second Thursday overy month, 819 Ponder
itreet West. President, J. Brlghtweoll;
Inanclal steretary, H. A. Bowron, 2849
Burns Street.
' AL Union ol America—Local 120, Van-
louver, B. 0., moets socond and fourth Tubs-
laya in eaoh month In Room 318—819 Pen-
ler Streot West. President, C. E. Herrett,
ll Hsstings Street East; secretary, A. R.
■anl, 320 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Soy.
N02.    Rocldonce phone, Doug. 2171R.
T. Bollormakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
he ol Amorica. Local 19_—Meotlngs first
ind third Mondays in each month. Pros.
■ont, P. Willis; socrotary, A. Fraser. Offloe:
loom 803—819 Pender Street Wost.    Offloe
lours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
1r1-K_A.-_U3 AND MASONS—II you need
i bricklayers or mesons for boiler works,
lte. er marble setters, phone Brieklayera
Talon, Labor Temple.
I TER8 and Joiners, Local 452—Preeldent.
JTin. Dunn; recording secretary, Geo. Snell;
Business agent, Ooo. H. Hardy. Offlco;
Ko-m 804—319 Fender Street West Meets
leeond and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5,
■ 19 Pender Street Weet. '
InJ third Fridays In eaeh month, at 148 Cor-
■ova Streot Weet. President, David Cuthlll,
|852 Albert Street; secretary-trcasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1835 Woodland Drive.
T dova   Street   WeBt Educational   moot-
JtiH« ovory Sunday evening, 8 o'clock, Busl-
less meetings ovory Wednesday ovoning. A.
Haclnnia, chairman; E. H. Morrison, soc-
ircas.; Ooorgo D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
prive, Vancouvor,  B. C, corresponding scc-
§_!___. .—
BlTY -IRB.IGHTERS UNION NO. left Presidont, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall I
lecretary, ft A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall.	
1 Union, Local 28—441 Soymonr Street.
Meets first and third Wednesdays ft 2:80
tMn. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
• ■30 pin. Executive board moets ovory
sTuosday at 3 p.m. President, W. Colmar;
KuainesB agent, A. Orolinm.   riione Seymour
~ OF CANADA—An Industrial union of all
(workers In logging and construction camps.
Boast District and General Headquarters, 01
Cordova Stroet Wost, Vancouvor, B. 0.
■Shone Seymour 7850. J. M. Clarke, goneral
loorotary-treasuror; legal advisors, Messrs.
ftlrd, Macdonald _ Co., Vancouver, B. O.i
ludltors, Messrs. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou-
Ker. «. C.    . ._	
pAOHINISTS LOCAL 182—Prosldent, Lea
{George; secretary, J. G. Keefe; buslooas
Jfe.nt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809 319
fender Street West. Meets in Room 313—
\o Tonder Stroot West, on first and third
jgrsdays In month. .—
„5cHINI8T8 LOCAL 092—President, Ed.
[Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; ta.ln.u
Aent, P.R. Bongough. Offlco: 809—819
lender Streot West. . Meete in Room 8—
lio Pender Stroet Wost. on socond and 4tn
luesdays In month.  .
I DNION. Looal 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
loose Hall, Homer Stroet, *''°_,,^_"_fl
I 10 a.m. President, Ernest 0. M Her, 991
lelson Street: secretary, Edward J|mleson,
"hi Nelson Street: financial secrclsry, W. fj.
tllliams,  991  Nelson  Stroet;   organiser,  r.
Hotelier, 991 Nelson Street.	
rTORS and Paperhangers of Amorica, Loeal
139, Vancouver—Moote 2nd and dth Thurs-
ky. at  148  Cordova  Street West.    Phono,
|.y. 8.110.    Boslness agent, R. A. Baker.
iDock Builders, Local -Ne. 2401—Meots In
ltbor Hall. 819 Ponder Street West every
lid and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m.   Jas. Thomp-
|n. flnanclal secretary-
Cordova Stroet West, P. 0. Box 571. Phono
iy. 8708.   Meetings every Mondsy at 7:80
P. Hockaday, business agent
|0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and 3rd
lldey of each month at headquarters. 818
Irdova Btreet Weat. Presidont, D. Olllec
\: vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
Assurer, Wm. Donaldson, addrsss 318 Cor-
•va Btreet West. Braneh agent's address:
Im. Francis, 1424 Government Street, Vie-
Via, B. 0.   '	
I orating Englnears, Local 844—Meets ejery
liui-day at 8 p.m. Room 807 Labor Tem-
Je, Secretary-treasurer, N. Greon, 058
lernby Street. Phone Sey. 7043R. Reoprd-
V aecreUry, J. R. Campbell, 808 First
Creel. North Vancouver.   	
Itreet and electric railway em-
I ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
I. P. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway, 1st and
td Mondays at 10:15 s.m. snd 7 p.m. Pre-
ftent. T. A. Hoover,_a400 Clarke Drive;
icordlnj secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
'. t. Andrew; (Inanclal sscretary and busl-
•as agent. W. H. Cntlreil, 18.—17th Ave.
-'est.   Olllce, corner Prior and Main Streets.
jhene, Fairmont 4504T.	
( America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
Irst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Pros!-
Jent, A, R. Gatcnby; vice-president, Mrs.
folk: recording secrotary. 0. MoDonald, P.
* Box 503; flnanclal secrotary, P, McNelsh,
. 0. Box  808.	
viet Russia—Vancouver branch meets first
Id third Sundays each month, 2 p.m.. at fli
.rdova Street West. Fer Information writo
branch secretary. S. T. A, S. R., 81 Cor
iva Street West. Vanconver, B. 0.
Isldent, Wm. Skinner; vice-president. A.
Picker; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
J 0. Box 08.    Moets last Sunday ol each
Month at 8 p.m
Tfl'7—President, J. ,T. Bcgg: vice-president.
J   J.   Stewart:    seoretsry-treasurer,   L.   C.
lilbert.   P. 0. Bex 4711. Nanalmo. B. 0.	
fDNION, No. 418—President, 8. D. Mac-
lonald. secretary-treasurer, ,7. M. Campbell
I. n. Box 089. Meots last Thursday of each
■antb. __________________________
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
London—In spito of evidence given
by Sir Arthbuthnot Lane, surgeon,
Harold Cox and Dr. Drysdale, a London magistrate has ordered the destruction of Mrs. Margaret Sanger's
book called "Family Limitation," aa
He sure to notify the port office ax
i m you ohange your addreaa.
123 Hustings St. E Sey. 3263
1191 Granville St ...Soy. 6149
8260 Main St. Fair. 16S3
830  Granville St Sey.  866
Pork Special
We have a consignment of about
SOO of our Famous Pork Shoulders, weighing from 4 to 8 lbs.,
all Alberta Grain-fed Pork, nice
and Arm, for Friday and Saturday. Extra special
per lb	
Choice Pot Roasts,
Choice Oven
Roasts, from, Ib.
Choice Local Killed Lamb Legs,
per lb 85c
Choice Local Killed Lamb Loins,
per lh Mc
Choice Local Killed Lamb Stew,
2 lbs. for 36c
Choice   Meaty   Cuts   of   Local
Lamb, per tb 25c
Choice  Rolled Beef Roasts,
nice and tender,
from, ft	
Genuine Calves' Liver, Ib.   25o
Roast Beef Dripping, 2 lbs. 25c
Pure Pork Sausage, tb 25c
Choice Middle Cuts of Pork, 2
to 8 Its. each.
Special, lb	
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon,
per tb 40o and 45c
Slater's Sliced Roll Bacon,
per Ib  30c
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, per lb  35c
Slater's Famous Cottage  Rolls,
from 4 to 8 lbs.;      OCl-»
per Ib.
Slater's Smoked Roll
Bacon, 8 lbs	
Slater's    Sugar-cured    Streaky
Bacon, half or *3Rij»
whole slabs, Ib     OOzC
Smoked Ham Spocial
Slater's Famous Sugar-cured
Smoked Hams, hind legs;
reg. 95c Ib. About 10 lbi
each. Friday and
Saturday, tb.
Choice Dry Mealy Local Spuds,
per sack  $1.00
Choice Dry Mealy Ashcroft
Spuds, por sack $1.50
At Slater's Stores
Startling Capitalistic Report as
to Conditions in Coal Mines
in Pennsylvania
[Ed. note.—For yeara the minera of the United Statei have fought
against all the powers of the ruling class to secure some relief from the
conditions under which they have been compelled to work. They have
been abused and butchered by the hired thugs and gunmen of the companies they have worked for, but when the'City of New Tork became
affected by the strike, lt was deolded to investigate Into the shortage)
with the result that conditions were revealed which even made the supporters of the present system recoil in horror. The following Is the report
made by the committee appointed by Mayor Hylan, of New Tork City.]
(Continued from issue of Feb. 9)
Prior to the strike, the* output from
the Berwind-White mines per day wai
about 360 railroad cars of 52 tons
capacity each, and the company made
preparations to increase the output to
400 railroad cars per day. At present,
only about 45 carloads of coal are being mined.
The committee was Informed that
the Berwind-White Coal Company had
made many efforts to break the strike
and for that purpose has brought
strike-breakers to its coal mines and
Is paying them as high as $8 per day,
no matter how much or how little coal
they produce. It was stated that very
few of these men are miners but were
recruited from farms and from the
ranks of those In the large cities who
do not care to work and get their living as best they can.
Opposed to Labor Unions
It was testified bofore the committee that the strikers had been informed tha,*, while the 'Berwind-White
Company absolutely refuses to have
anything to do with the former employees as union men, or allow them
to have their own check weighman to
supervise the weighing of the coal
mined, or abolish lho company store
system, the company is willing to take
back their former employees as Individuals and pay them union wages.
Mr. Lockhart, secretary of the Somerset Coal Operators Association, dominated and controlled by the Berwind-White Coal Mining Company, In
discussing the possibility of bringing
about an understanding between nonunion mine owners and their former
employees, was quoted as stating that
there was not "the least possibility on
God's green earth" for any of the
members of the Somerset Coal Operators' Association "to even consider recognizing the union."
Thus, far the Btrlking miners in
those regions still remain out and are
standing firm.
New York City, Subways
The original subway from Van
Cortland and Bronx Parks to Flatbush
Avenue, Brooklyn, waB built by the
city with the city's money and leased
to the Interborough Rapid Transit Co.
for operation.
Under the dual subway contracts,
entered into about ten years ago be
tween the Publlo Service Commission
flrst district, and the City of New Tork
the costs for the various new subways
and elevated railroad extensions were
borne equally between the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and the
City of New Tork. Under the terms
of these contracts the city fs not entitled to receive any Income on its investment until the operating expenses
of these lines and various other charges are first deducted.
Thus far, the city has about $300,-
000,000 invested under the dual subway contracts, and, instead of an income on Its Investment, is compelled
to appropriate annually to build these
subways. Therefore, the cost of coal
and all Items of expense In connection
with the operation of the subways by
the Interborough Rapid Transit Co.
are vitally material to the city and its
citizens. .
Company Purchases Its Ooal
In the course of a hearing held, before the Transit Commission on Nov.
28, 1921, Mr. Frank Hedley, president
and general manager of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, testified
that the prices paid by his company
for coal were on a sliding scale; that
if the price of labor at the mines ahd
the freight rates, to New York went
down, the Interborough got the benefit
of the reduction in cost, but if it went
up, the Interborough had to pay more.
In view of the fact that the Berwind-White Coal Mining Company is
only producing -15 cars of coal per day
and is paying unskilled strike-breakers $8 per day, besides maintaining
numerous armed guards at the mines,
lt would seem that under the afore-
referred to sliding scale contract, the
Berwind-White Co. Is passing on the
cost of fighting its former employoes
to the Interborough Rapid Transit Co.
and, through the operating costs of
the subways, on to the city of New
Quantity of Coal Used
At this same hearing before the
Transit Commission, Mr. Hedley also
testified that the Interborough Rapid
Transit Company in 1921 purchased
from the Berwind-White Coal Mining
Company, 770,000 tons of coal, at an
average price of J7.85 per ton. The
Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, during the same period, purchased, practically the same quantity of coal, partly from the Berwind-White Co. and
-■■m uminunnni i i..tmi i >,♦
Lumber Workers Have Big Fight Ahead
*T*HE workers in the lumber Indus-'
■*■ try are now alone ln their present
light against the forces of capitalism,
which is trying to destroy all semblance of organization ln the lumbor
camps. By tho forces of capitalistic
we moan not only the qpen fight of
the employers, but also the more
subtle and more treacherous fight of
those groups of workera who either
consciously or unconsciously lend
their aid to the master class while
their real Identity is hidden behind
a smoke screen of revolutionary platitudes. Wo have several of these
groups on this continent, and almost
all of them have either . large or
small groups of supporters ln Vancouver and on the Coast.
The following figures will serve to
show the extent of the master class
attack ln their "open shop" drive in
America, and tho effects lt has had
upon the workers and their organizations. The metal trades membership has been reduced from 800,000
to 276,000, while their wages have
been cut from 25 to 40 per cent, and
the working day increased from eight
to nine, and in some cases, to ten
hours. The steol workers at the time
of their lost strike, had 350,000 members; today they aro without a union
of any kind, and their wages have
beon reduced from 22 to 40 per cent.,
and the working day Ib 12 hours, with
a 24-hour day when changing shifts.
In the meat packing industry, the
number of organized workers has
been reduced from 200,000 to 100,-
000, while wages hnve been reduced
from 26 to 85 per cent, and the
working day Increased from eight to
ten hourB. In the needle trades, the
number of organized workers, decreased about 80,000, and wages were
reduced from 15 to 25 per cent
The' above figures show one groat
outstanding fact which Bhould be
noted by all those who do not see the
necessity of the workers being bound
together In organisations for their
protection, and that fact is that
wherever the- open shop drive has
succeeded beat in breaking up the
unionB or reducing the number of organized workers in that Industry,
the wage cuts have been greatest and
tho working day the longest.
These figures carry a message to
all the workers In this country, and
the contents of that messago point to
tho dire nocesslty of the working class
refusing to be stampeded, refusing td
leave their unions, and become imbued with a determination that thoy
will stick together In their organisations and carry on the fight agalnat
their oppressors.
The days aro long past for dreaming about harmonious relations with
the boss. Tho only timo that we aB
workors,will bo nblo to work'harmoniously with thoBO who now hold
us In subjection Is whon thoy put on
overalls and get down to work along
with us, and ovon thon It will bo wcu
for ub to keop an eye on them and
not trust thom too far. What wo
must do now is consciously prepare
to flght for our mutual protection,
prepare to flght against wago reductions and the increase of hours which
will assuredly come as soon as the
'present big demand for lumber falls
off. Wo do not need to try and fool
ourselves Into a state of deceptive
happiness. We will yet have to flght
for the retention of tho eight-hour
day and many other things which at
present we think wo have permanently secured. The timo to prepare for
war is during peace, and the time ro_
the workers to prepare for the onslaught of capitalism la when they
have a job. Tho organizations of
the workers must be built up and
strengthened, must be solidified, nnd
more organic cohesion established, ao
that when the storm hits ub aB it
surely will, we will be ready to withstand a light, and will not only flght
on tho defensive but on the offensive,
A virile fighting spirit must be infused in all our unions in order that
we shall not bend when tho attack
comes. The more solidly.organized
we are, the moro cohesion between
the different parts of a union, the
better will'we be ablo to withstand
this attack. It is for this reason that
we must be as closely united aa possible that we must avoid splits and
that we must avoid two unions In the
same Industry. To divide and rule
has long been the policy of the master
class, and on this continent It hns
boon a policy that has worked vory
All tho troubles of the labor movement in this country cnn be traced to
ports ot the movement splitting off
and setting up little unions of thoir
own. This smnll split off section
usually gots hold of a vory largo and
high sounding namo, but that ls all
thoy ever got. It ls not names that
we require, but real concrete organization, a welding together of the
forces of labor in order that they
may fight moro efTectlvcely. Smoke
screens of words, no mattor how high
sounding they may be, will avail u_
nothing; what ls required Is actual
Tho organization which today, amid
the disorder and chaos of a bankrupt
capitalism, tries to split the workers
by setting up new unionB whor.
unions already exist, aro doing the
work of the master clnss, Perhaps
they may bo doing It unconsciously,
or some of them may bo doing It unconsciously, but that doeB not alter
the fact that they aro assisting tho
offensive of the master class against
the workors by trying to dlvldo tho
workers Into two wnrrlng factions.
Whilo wo fight ono anothor, tho muster carries off lho bone.
Today thoro ls groat opportunity
for all radicals to show lhat they can
do moro than talk. Thero Is work to
bo done In tho Industrial arenn. There
Is tho organizations of tho workora
to be built up and strengthened, and
thero Is tho task of permeating tbe
moss of tho workora wilh revolution
ary Ideas and aspirations. This can
only bo dono ln nn organized manner.
Whon evory ono pulls his own way
and -propagalos his own persona]
Ideas, the result Is nil. Tho task bofore us to build up a common outlook among tho mass of tho workors
Instil them with a lighting spirit, and
carry on an Incessant warfare againBt
the master olass.
-partly from, tho Consolidated Coal Co.,
at {8.98 per ton,.or 42 cents per ton
Iobs than tho Interborough paid. That
ls that E. J. Berwlnd, chairman of tbo
board of directors ot the Interborough
Rapid Transit Co., paid in 1821 to Mr.
E. J. Berwind's Berwlnd-Whlte Coal
Mining Company, 1323,-00.0 - more
than did the Brooklyn Rapid Transit
Company pay that year for practically
the same quantity and quality of coal.
Rapid Tram Oo, Pays High Prfc'e
It might not be amies to direct attention to the fact that, while during
the year 1921, the Interborough Rapid
Transit Company paid the Berwlnd-
Whlte Coal Mining Company an average price of $7.37 per ton for coal and
the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company
paid to the same Berwlnd-Whlte Coal
Mining Company and to the Consolidated Conl Company, 16.93 per ton,
the Hudson-Manhattan Company was
paying considerably less than both
these companies for the same grade of
Cost of Coal
Because of the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal
Mining Company's refusal to co-operate In the investigation your committee Was unable'to ascertain the exact
cost of producing bituminous coal at
the company's mines.' According to
testimony of thoBe working" ln the coal
fields and who should know, the eost
of eoal produced by unton miners receiving union wages and working under union conditions ls from $2 to
$2.25 per ton. James Gibson, one of
the leaders of the striking miners,
testified that one of his acquaintances
an independent coal operator with a
small overhead expense, was deliver.
Ing coal to the Lorain Steel Works, at
Johnstown, Pa„ for $2 per ton. •
(To be concluded next week)
Australian Venture Proves
. Success and Miners Get
Better Conditions
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N.S.W.—The state coal
mine, owned and controlled by the
government of New So^th Wales, has
reached a dally output of 900 tons.
Threo hundred and fifty men are employed, of which 100 are contract
minera. The average output per man
employed at the coal face is between
10 and 11 tons per shift.
The miners at the state-owned mine
work under better conditions and receive more privileges than those enjoyed by miners employed by private
coal operators, Coal from the state-
owned mine Ib delivered at the pit
mouth at $2,50 per ton as againBt the
private coal operators' claim that coal
cannot be raised from the mines at
lesa than $3,75 per ton.
The coal from the state-owned mine
Is used by the government railroads,
tramways, and municipal light departments. Tho mine ls not yet fully
Chicago—Heads of the Bixtcen standard railroad uniuns havo been asked
to state their position on nmalgfcma-
tion In a letter sont out by the Chicago committee of amalgamation in
the Metal and Railroad Industries.
W. J. Kerrin, 3515 Archer Avenue, is
secretnry of the committee.
One of tho developments of national
significance which took place during
the past year was the rapproachment
between Alberta and British Columbia
on the question of their Joint interest
in promoting wheat shipments via the
Pacific seaboard. The two moat west
erly provinces are now a unit in back
ing tho claims of Vancouver as the
coming winter shipper of prairie*
grown wheat. Tho two premiers wont
to Ottawa to press this claim on tho
governmont and to demand the erection of more grain elevators and other
grain handling facilities and a lower
freight rate from Alberta to the Paci
fie Ocean. ThiB entente cordlale was
a long timo ln coming, but In spite of
rival .Interests appears to be here to
stay. Behind It the chief argument Ib
that Vancouvor is an open port all the
year round, and western wheat shipments will do away with the need of
retaining Buffi.-., as one of the chief
storage contres and shippers of western wheat. Moreover, Vancouver is
much closer to all parts of Alberta
than aro tho ports nt tho head of tho
Groat Lakes, which also suffer the
disability of boing Icebound throughout five months of the year. The
opening of tho Panama Canal nnd tho
development of nn Oriental markot for
Canadian whoat are nlso Important
factors In the dovelopment of wostorn
wheat routes. The matter has pnssed
the experimental stage. In 1921-22
over soven million bushels of prairie
wheat wero shipped out of Vancouver,
nnd already this season the total shipments are in advance of ten million
bushels. A grand total of at least fifteen million bushels is assured, nnd
once sufficient elevators are erected,
there is no reason why threo tlmos
that amount oach year should not be
reached. When In Vancouver recently, Sir Henry Thornton, chairman of
the Canadlnn National Railway system, expressed himself as certain of
thnt city's futuro as ono of the great
ports on the continent, but In the matter of grain elevators, declared his
opinion that these should be established by privato capital. Tho construction of a doublo track railway across
Vancouver harbor nt Its upper end,
now a certainty, will provido a vnst
area of watorfrontngo on tho north
shoro ndmlrnbly suited for tho purposo.—Toronto Snturdny Night.     ••*
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Studies in Social Evolution
HpHIS  SUBJECT  produced  a
* discussion,    showing    that
At the Orpheum *"
Another novelty , for Orpheum
vaudeville is announced at the Orpheum theatre, commencing Wednesday night, when Harry Houdini,
"King of Self-Liberators," comes to
present his most thrilling exhibition.
This great performer, the world's
most famous mystifter, has gotten hfs
lungs back into training to do an
astounding escape from a water tor-,
' ture cell, which ls one of the features
of his new act.
This master showman weaves pictures of hfs daring self-liberation
feats into his achievements on the
stage. It is a half-hour of the most
thrilling of Houdini thrillers. At
one time he ls beforo you in person
doing the most unbelievable things
the wildest imagination could fancy,
then the pictures show other thrillers.
He is seen changing from one place
to another in mid-air and dashed to
the earth in a collision 4,000 feet
above the surface. A roped test In
China Is seen on the screen, followed
Trades Council
Has Stormy Session
(Continued from Page 1)
workers   are   interested   in   religion,
providing it is properly handled.
The speaker began by assuring his
audience that as an ancient literature
containing much sublime poetry, and
philosophy, and because of Its early
associations with his life, he had for
this book an affectionate respect; besides that, lt is a work demonstrating
far-reaching, intellectual and spiritual
evolution, on the part of the Hebrew
people, which ls reflected In their tribal Dlety; while the social passion evidenced by the great prophets, and the
founder of the Christian Communism,
is In Itself an Inspiration in these days
of class struggles and social chaos.
"But," said the speaker, "we must
remember that the Old Testament is
a product of a barbaric age." It recognized many tribal gods. "Thou
shalt not have no other gods before
Me, for I am a jealous God," is the
familiar command put Into the mouth
of Jehovah, by an ancient priesthood.
Whether the Bible Is a curse, or a
blessing, depends on how we use It.
As the basis of Christian theology, it
obliterated the light of Oreek philosophy, and science, and brought on
that despotism of priestcraft, lasting
over 1000 years, known as the Dark
What other races except the cringing slaves of Bible worship would
have tortured and burned a million
witches, In a few generations, because
Jehovah had said, "Thou shalt not
suffer a witch to live."
What heathen priesthood persecuted and destroyed hundreds of thousands of men, women and children for
"heresy?" What pagan people waged
an inquisitorial warfare against the
revelations of science, as did the Christian Church?
Yet even today, while millions of
the children of men are hungry and
homeless, thousands of great buildings
are monopolized for the glorification
of these ancient traditions, and the
worship of spirits, made In the image
of barbarous chiefs.
But there is the "Age of Reason,
Why are these things perpetuated?
Partly from custom, from acquired
momentum, but mainly because the
ancient Medicine Man has handed
down his profession to the modern
priesthood; it is thoir means of life
and economic Interests aro the determining factors in activities, and even
in belief. Besides that, theology tends
to switch popular attention from
earthly to heavenly problems, and so
ls even yet of importance to the
world's economic masters, so we have
our State churches. The speaker
showed from numerous authorities,
that the Bible ls a compilation of ancient writings, and traditions, the
sources of which are only now becoming clear.
Doan's great work, "Bible Myths
and Their Parallels in Other Religions," was quoted from. It was
shown that there are two separate
and largely antagonistic accounts of
of the majority, and he moved that
the matter be referred to a referndum
vote of the afflliated organizations.
Delegate Herrett moved an amendment, that the credentials be rescinded, and that V. R. Mldgley be no longer allowed to sit as a delegate to
the council. Delegate Flynn took the
position that no action should be taken
pending a referendum vote.
Delegate Pettipiece stated that the
members of the afflliated local unions
should decide that the members of the
affiliated local unions should decide
what should be done.
Delegate Showier stuted that he was
COM. WED, EVE., ITB. 28th
Four Mights and Three Mat-Hues
bran, Mlchlolep* and TroJUlo
Have Yon Met the FQUB OF U3?
Buth Harrard-Wynfrcd and Bruce
Mtti: 16c to SSo; Nights: 20c to $1
Twice Dally. 2:30 and 8:80
by a duplication of its success on th«
In the escape from the water torture cell, a huge cabinet with a glass
side is filled with water. Houdlnl's
feet are locked in stocks used as a
Ud and then he ia lowered head flrst
until completely submerged. Houdini offers $1000 to anyone proving
it is possible for him to obtain air
in his upside down position.
His escape from this perilous position is effected, of course, or should
be if Houdini expects to fill his contracted time here.
'the Creation, in the 1st and 2nd chapters of Genesis. In the flrst account,
"Elohem" (the Gods) made man,
male and female as His crowning and
final creation. In the second account
the "Lord God" planted a garden, and
made man before he made the trees,
the fowls of the air or the beasts of
the fields; and "these were brought to
Adam to see what he would call them."
Then Eve was made from Adam's
rib, and soon the serpent appeared,
(the Devil was an afterthought) and
in easy conversational manner excited
the eurioslty of the flrst woman, and
induced her to eat of the fruit of the
Tree of Knowledge of good and evil,
"and so to be as gods."
Eve then gave an apple to Adam,
and he became wise also. Then the
Lord appeared, and cursed mankind
with suffering and death.
Yet, where would Christianity have
been without "the'tempter?" It Is, ln
fact, the foundation stone of organized religion, for Paul, a Roman citizen, was the real founder of modern
Christianity, and he declared that "as
In Adam all died, so through faith ln
Christ could all be made alive."
The speaker showed that the Bible
account of creation was in opposition
to the known principles of cosmic,
and biological evolution, and that
thousands of ideas expressed in these
ancient writings are opposed to the
established facts of astronomy, geology, biology, chemistry, physics and
history; and lt could not be otherwise,
seeing that these ancient Ideas wore
presented In a pre-scientific age, in the
childhood of our race. It was shown
that the Bible story of Creation was
taken from the ancient writings of the
Babylonians, that the story of the
Deluge came from the same source,
According to our Bible, and other
Jewish records which do not agree,
the Creation of the world took place
between 4004 B. C, and 5872 B. C.
and Adam, Noah and several other
"holy patriarchs" lived to the ripe old
age of between 800 and 1000 years;
nnd yet the historians of Egypt and
Babylonia, whose records have now
been translated, nnd who lived centuries before the alleged Creation, and
Deluge, never mention those remarkable incidents as happening at the
time prescribed in our Bible.
The spectacular romances of Bible
heroes, such as Jonah and Samson,
were referred to. The fact that the
adventures of these characters are
frequently read and discussed from the
pulpits and Sunday schools, and described as actual occurrences, instead
of being on a par with the exploits of
Jack the Giant Killer and Slnbad the
Sailor, shows that superstition has
destroyed all sense of humor, on the
part of the clergy, and their followers.
Naturally, after this subject, there
were questions and discussion.
Next week the subject will be "The
Economic Basis and Evolution of
Bible Morals." The materialistic interpretation of history and religion
will be dealt with, and some of the
imperialistic exploits of the "Chosen
People" described and illustrated.
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instructed by hie local to oppose the
seating of Midgley.
Delegate Cory, in supporting the referendum, stated that Mldgley should
not*. Ue condemned for life, and his
,local was of the opinion, that perhaps
the delegate had seen the error of his
ways and the council could be broad
enough to admit him aB a delegate.
Delegate Mldgley asked if any
charges had been preferred against
him, and also referred to thc meeting
which was held between the council
representatives, and the representatives of unaffiliated bodies, when it
was stated that the clause debarring
certain people did not apply to any
one in the city at that time, but to
stool pigeons, and he asked the secretary If he had ever considered that he
(Mldgley) was a stool pigeon, to which.
the secretary replied "no." Continuing, the centre of the storm referred
to his past, and stated that he had
dono much work in the Labor movement, and that at the present time he
was attached to the organization which
covered his trade.
Delegate Rankin took the position
that Midgley had brains, and if he
could help the Labor movement; and
he had ideas which were for the up
building of that movement, then he
was for it, and favored his tieing
Delegate Hardy stated that he was
in favor of the recommendation to
reconsider, as he rcn listed the antagonism and tho psychology created by
them in the movement, and that this
psychology was agninst the host Inter
ests of the council, and he wanted the
feelings of the delegates sounded to
tho depths, and that he favored the
taking of the referendum, while personally he favored Mldgley being seat
<jd at tho previous moeting,
l)i*iioi---i'(*H Ke-Tssion
Secretary BonRougfh. referring to tho
opinion expressed from both sides that
there would be withdrawals from tho
council lf action was taken either one
way or the other, opposed this nttitude
and stated that the organizations
should not take such an attitude, and
he also expressed the opinion that the
protests made by the local unions
were not organized, but came from
the rank and idle. The latter statement was made owing to it having
been stated that the move to expel
Midgley had been an organized move.
Delegate Robb, in opposing the expulsion of Midgley, stated that the organizations which had sent In the
protests must think that the Labor
movement stands stilt, while the ten
dencies are for amalgamation all ovor
the American continent, and for the
rebuilding of the Labor' movement.
He also took the position that the
council could only move if prepared
to broaden its platform.
Delegate Hutchinson, of the Musicians, stated that he had been Instructed to vote against Mldgley.
Delegate Flynn, voicing his objections to the romoval of Midgloy, took
thc position that tho movement was
tending to amalgamation, and that
this move was not before time. Referring to the Labor movements of the
different countries, he statod that tho
workers organized In Canada amounted to 6 per cont. of the workers, while
in Oreat Britain the percentage was
70, and In Germany still'higher. Ho
also stated that he was opposed to an
action of a worker boing removed,
when tho movoment wos getting back
tp its former position.
Delegate Herrett at this point, rer
ferrod to the property of the old trades
council, which had not been returned
since the O. B. U. council had died.
This was taken by Midgley aa a direct
charge that he had diverted some ■of
the property of the Labor movement
from the propor owners, and he asked
lf the charges were made against him,
ond demanded that a committee be
appointed to investigate them, but
Delegate Herrett said that the charges
were not personal ones, but general ln
reference to the founders of the O.
B. U. in Vancouver.
Hud Enough Warfare
Delegate Pettipiece said that he had
had enough of warfare, and that internecine strife in tho Labor movement never got it anywhere. He also
strossed that' point that no man who
ever tried to do anything got by with
out making mistakes, and referring
particularly to Midgley, he stated that
he had said everything and made all
the mistakes Midgley had made, and
he supported the referendum of the
membership, and would abide by the
will of the majority. The amendment
calling for the expulsion of Mldgley
was, howevor, carried by a vote of 27
to 25, and he along with his co-delegate, left the hall. Tho matter was
not, however, finished; the delegates
still taking sides and t\e supporters
of the referendum again asking that
tbo vote of the membership he taken,
and finally the full number of organizations represented through their
delegates asked for tho referendum,
and this mode of deciding tho point
was settled on.
City Council Age Limit
On questions being asked ns to the
decision of tho city council to refuse
to engage men after they were forty
years of age, Delegate Pettipiece stated that there was much misunderstan
ding on this subject. He also stated
that for a time efforts hod been mado
to have the old-age pension system and
group insurance schemes adopted, and
by a close vote the council had approved of the proposals. The Insurance
company had, however, pointod out
that there was a lot of dead wood
which would Increaso the cost, so the
council had decided to get rid of this
Impediment, and had made ararnge-
ments for a retiring allowance for
these men, and in his opinion, lt wob
good business. He also stated that
through pull, men had been taken on
the permanent staff, and that the Insurance company had pointed out this
fact, and that men were taken on who
were already entitled to pensions, and
unless the age restriction had been
made, tho scheme would not havo
worked. Taking the stand that o!d(
age pensions and Insurance schemes
were good proposals undor the present
system, and that tho men who were
taken on the permanent staff while
still undor forty years of age, that
thoy could work from 25 to 28 years,
he the speaker considered that the proposals were good ones and worthy of
ll.'tiiroiiRli Opposes Limitation
Secretary Bengough. stated he was
opposed to the principle of aflfe restrictions and medical examinations,
and also statod that tho railroad workors' organizations had fought them
for years. It might bo all right to
adopt such restrictions to suit tho insuranco companies, but if they were
good fr such companies, thoy might
bo good for tho ordinary employers.
Ho also stated that If the provincial
and federal authorities adopted the
samo schemes, tho workers would have
reached a pretty pass ln their endeavors to seoure work.
Delegate Oliver quoted the unemployed relief figures for 1921 to show
that more men over forty then under
frty had applied for work In that
year, an dtook the position that the
percentage of members of the local
unions over forty was high. No action was,- however, taken, and the
council expressed no definite opinion
one way or the other.
Congress and War
A communication from tho Trades
Congress of Canada, In answer to a request for an anti-war policy, made
some time ago, was received and the
executive recommended that it bo re
ceived and filed.
Delegate Pettipiece, referring to the
stand taken by the executive of the
Congress, pointed out that In 1916 the
Congress had taken a stand on war,
but that when war came in 1914, this
policy had toppled over liko a houso
of cards.
The appointment of Mrs. Winnlfred
Mahon, representative f the Garment
Workers, as factory inspector, by the
Provincial government, was announ
cod by the secretary, when he had read
letter from the deputy minister of|
Labor, acknowledging the receipt of
the council's endorsatlon of the appointee. The news was received with
applause, and Mrs. Mahon thankod
tho council for the support sho had
On the request of the A. F. of L..
Delegates Bengough and Showier were
recommended as voluntary organizers
for that organization.
Tho Label League announced that
the January dance ha4 been a financial success, and that another dance
would be held on March 16. This
dance will be participated ln by the
Tailors, Garment Workers, Boot and
Shoe Workers and the Barbers. A
prize Is offered for tho holder of the
winning ticket, the prize being a union
made suit and both ladles and gonts
are eligible for this prize.
Delegate Mldgley reported on the
Inquest of the victim of the Point Grey
disaster. He stated that one of the
most important points was that when
blasting operations close to proporty
were carried on, precautions were
taken, but as there was no property
In close proximity to the U. B. C. site,
these were omitted. Referring to the
men on the job who gave evidence, he
complimented .them on the high intelligence displayed, and that men of
this type were employed on relief
work. He also stated that the outstanding feature of the inquest and
the disaster occurred after the Inquiry
was over,, and that was the rushing
into print of tho superintendent of
the employment bureaus, who had
stated that no further Investigation
was necessary, yet it was evident that
the large quantities of powder used
did not guarantee the safety of the
men employed.
Several detail matters were dealt
with in the course of the evening, and
the council adjourned just after 11:30
p.m. after a busy and exciting session,
which did not accomplish as much as
has some of the shorter and less spectacular meetings have achieved.
Western Pacific Grain Elevator
& Terminal Limited
1329-1330 Standard Bank Building, Vancouver, B. 0.
LIMITED is a private eompany incorporated under the
Companies Aet, 1921, of British Columbia, with an authorized
capital of $50,000, divided into 50,000 shares of the par value
of one dollar each.   The head office is at Vancouver, B.C.
This Company is intended to act as a holding and organizing company, for the specific purpose of doing all work necessary and preliminary to the organization and financing of an
operating company, which will build, acquire, and operate
grain elevators, both interior and terminal, with headquarters
at or in thc vicinity of tho port of Vanoouver.
For thc proposed operating company the Registrar-General
of Joint Stock Companies has already reserved the name "Inter-Provincial Grain Elevator and Terminals Limited," with a
proposed capital of $10,000,000.
The intention is that the operating company will construct
grain elevators of the most efficient and economical type on
the unit system, each unit having a capacity of 1,000,000
bushels or more, as may be decided by the directors of the
operating company, until a total capacity of 5,000,000 bushels
is reached. Necessary wharves, piers, trackage, etc., will all
be of the latest and most economical type for quick handling
of grain from cars into the elevators, and from elevators into
the ships. Interior elevators will also bc established or acquired in Albprta and Saskatchewan as from time to time decided upon by the Directors of the operating company. The
provisional directors of the operating company will be chosen
in part from the directors of the holding company, until such
time as the transfer of assets from the holding company to the
operating company has been completed.
Moneys subscribed and paid for shares in the holding company
shall bc used for the purpose of thc holding eompany, as above
set forth; and moneys subscribed and paid for shares in the
operating company shall bc received by a trust Company, and
shall be held intact until, a sum of at least one million dollars
has been received. When that amount has been received by
thc trust company selected for thc purpose, then the operating
company shall become active and its permanent directors
chosen, and its business be proceeded with.
In consideration of preliminary organization work and services to bc rendered by the holding company for the operating,
company, and in further consideration of surrendering to the
operating company all leases, options on waterfront sites,
exemption from" taxation, nnd other privileges already acquired, and hereafter to be acquired in this connection and
for this purpose, the* holding company will receive from the
operating company a substantial bonus in oommon stock, and
in this bonus all shareholders of the holding company shall
For further particulars apply to the Company, or to its head
office, 1329-1330 Standard Bank Building, 510 Hastings Street
West, Vancouver, B. C.   Tel. Sey. 4206.
Buy your milk
direct from the Farmer
A Straight Line is the Shortest Distance
Between Two Points.
The Producer
—A price maclc
possible only by
A Direct 'Veal
Only One Profit
The City Resident of
Vancouver and Vicinity
Phone Fair. 1000 and we will arrange to start
delivery at your homo tomorrow
Frasei Valley Milk
Producers' Association


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