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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 23, 1920

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.......     - •' <*,h .   x.":"'.    '" " .
rWELI$H YEAR.    No. 4
$2.00 PER YEAfe
Lumber Interests Are
******   ******   ******   ******
Resorting to Discrimination
S   Blacklisting of Delegates and Committees Is Being
Carried on and Attempts Are Being Made to Reduce Wages—Organization Only Thing
That WiU Stop This Kind of Thing
"Those whom the gods would de-
Itroy they flret make mad." So
laid the philosopher of old, and
Mil can It be applied to those employers of the lumber Industry who
in their madness are resorting to
fcvtles whloh will Inevitably bring
about thoir elimination from the
Industry. They are resorting to
Incrimination against union men
ind the blacklisting of delegates,
lommlttoes, and other active worksrs; and Id some instances bave
•ven attempted to reduce wages,
ind this at a time when the price
|; of lumber is soaring skyward and
•ven the barest essentials of life
are getting beyond -the reach of
the worker even with his so-called
—but actually only nominally—
high wages. This attempted reduction Ib only an attempt at backfiring against the $6 a day minimum for camps and $5 for mills
. which waB passed by the convention. A' minimum whieh has
to become operative if tho worker ia to make any pretense of
fighting against a reduction in the
standard  of  living.
Strike Averted
At  Alert   Bay   at   Camp   3  of
the   Nimpkish    Timber   Co.    the
delegate    and    camp    committee
|t were flred and a strike was only
averted by the men discriminated against opposing the boys
coming out, as tho tactics of the
numbers must in the future be
to take such action as will gain
their ends with the least penalty
1 to themselves. This company is
notorious for its reactionary polloy; last year It had three strikes
In a few weeks, and its experiences during this year are likely
to be interesting and educational.
At Camp 1, Headquarters,
Courtenay, the men are on strike,
details concerning same not yet
to hand,
Striko Over Wages
At Port Alberni the camps of
. the Alberni- Pacific Lumber Co.
aro on strike because of on attempted reduction of wages and
the  discrimination  against  active
Many   Important
tions WiU Be Dealt
With Sunday
Next Sunday night Jack Kavanagh will be the speaker for the
Socialist Party of Canada at the
Kmpress Theatre.
The significant news items which
appear ln the newspapers from
day to day are arousing considerable thought and.discussion among
the working class. The statements made by Winston Churchill,
Lloyd Qeorge and Arthur Henderson, regarding the polloy of Qreat
Britain In dealing with the Soviet
Republic of Russia, are such that
Interesting developments can be
looked for In the near future.
This matter alone ts of vital Importance to the workers, and an
[> effort should bo made to acquire a
thorough understanding of It* and
there Is no doubt that this question, and others of similar Importance, will be dealt with at the
Empress next Sunday. A knowledge of scientific Socialism
amongst tha working class is the
greatest need of the present day.
Meeting begins at 8 o'clock. Doors
open 7.SO. Questions and dla-
lussion are earnestly Invited.
Prof. Bosks* Second Lecture
The second lecture of the
course on. Economics being delivered by Professor T. H. Boggs,
of the University of British Columbia, at the Brotherhood House,
918 Abbott street, will be given
this evening (Friday) at 8 p.m.
The subject will be "Factors of
Production- Capital . and Land."
Everybody Interested Is invited.
H, Taylor of 655 Bowman Ave.,
Winnipeg, !■ acting at the Fed's
subscription agent for renewals
and subscriptions in that locality.
•trong IVench Organisation Starts
Move to Prevent Future
London,—A movement has been
hunched for an ex-soldiers Internationale—an organization in which
the ex-soldiers of all the belligerent countries "shall unite to bury
national animosities, and to proclaim the reconciliation of the
peoples in an imposing manlfnsta-
tlon denouncing war." The Initiative for the movement comes from
France, belying the common belief
-. ttat every French soldier enter-
[> ttlnB vindictive hatred for tho Germans.
After the war, a few wounded
French soldiers started the Republican Association of Ex-Soldiers, It
to now one of. the strongest bases
of Internationalism in France, and;
although Its membership Is only
100,000, its influence has been
Upon the Invitation of this organ taut ion, issued by Raymond Le-
febre, Its vice-president, British,
Italian and other ex-soldiers' national organisations are Joining
into a great body. An international
oonferenco will be called m soon
m organization is complete.
union men and the attempt to
Introduce tho piecework and bonus system.
Chase striken still standing
Arm. "Bight-hour day or bust"
is tho- slogan and there are no
evidences of any busting, unless
the employers are feeling that
way. The men on strike are certainly giving no sign.
Lord Fisher's Advloe
In a recent report reference
waB made to a quotation by the
Pacific Coast Lumberman of Lord
Fisher's remark: "Hit first! Hit
hard! Keep on hitting!" This
was doubtless intended to be advice to the lumber employers to
follow In dealing with the union.
It waa suggested that the members should take note of this advice and with it the .Kipling busi-
(Continued on page 8)
Casualty Companies Costly and do Not Fill
the Need
State Administration of
Compensation Proves
Most Efficient
The Insurance companies and
many business men are protesting
against any attAipt being made
to introduce Slate Health Insurance in this Province. It is natural for insurance people, especially casualty Insurance companies,
to protest, as any such scheme
will Interfere with" their very profitable business. Business men,
and other taxpayers havo no
ground, however, for protesting
against any such legislation, as it
can be proven that state health
insurance is cheaper In tho long
run to the community, and would
do away with many of the pettifogging charitable organizations,
that arc not only Inefficient, but
don't even begin to deal adequately with the situation.
The insurance company objections are, however, another mat-
tor. Claims have been made that
these companies can take care of
the sick and accident insurance
business much cheaper than the
state. This was also the plea of
these companies when the Workmen's Compensation Act was before the legislature, In the effort
which was made to allow insurance
companies to compete with the
stato. That the claims of the Insuranco companies were not
founded on facts, is proven by
the experience of communities
that havo allowed the insurance
companies to compete with the
state commission. In some instances Where' Insurance companies aro competing, they are allowed 42 per cent, in order that they
can carry on. While the figures of
the cost of operating the state
compensation, in the most extravagant places, and whore it Is mini* ted that the staff of the compensation commission Is Inefficient, owing to political influence,
Is not more than 14 per cent, and
the cost In British Columbia Is
not five per cent. N
Another Instance of insuranco
company efficiency and cheapness
is uncovered in the words or the
insurance Inspector of the District
of Columbia, who states that "In
Washington, D. C, the Negroes
why try all they can to insure
themselves against sickness, pay
$600,000 In premiums, and out ot
that all they get back Is $200,-
000." In other words It cotss 60
cents for the collection of every
dollar. In fact the average cost of
administration of Insurance companies Is around 65 per cent., when
this Is compared with the average
cost of administering 'state workmen's compensation, which is after
all Insurance, which does not at
the most extravagant estimate
reach 10 per cent., it will be seen
that the insurance companies havo
not got a leg to stand on. The
only reason for their existence Is
that they are profit-making concerns. Some little criticism has
also been levelled at' the chairman of the commission, Mr. E, 8.
(Continued on page 8)
Guard   Fired   on   Civilians   Who
Tlieu Attacked tbt
Berlin.—The many versions of
clashes between troops and the mob
are largely confirmed by the experiences of the correspondent of tho
Associated Press, who was an eyewitness, permits of the conclusion
that the first shot fired came from
a r.'fle which was wrested from a
guard at the west entrance of the,
Reichstag building. Other civilians
rushed up, disarmed the troops and
attacked them with knives and
rifle butts. This was the signal for
a volley from others of the guard,
who camo quickly to their assistance.
Mention  tho  Federationist when
j ou make a purchaso at a atore,
Large Convention Pledges
Itself to Support R.
B. Russell
WUl Seek Aid of British
as Well as Canadian
The defence convention held In
the Strand theatre, Winnipeg, last
Sunday, was one of the largest
gatherings of Labor men ever
held in Western Canada, there
being present representatives of
International unions, O. B. U.
and other Labor organizations.
The following resolution was finally passed, dealing with the trial
of R. B. Russell and the other
arrested Labor men facing trial.
The Resolution
"Whereas, in the opinion of this
convention, Injustice has taken
place in the trial and conviction
of Robert B. Russell, by the
charge of the trial judge which
prevented the jury from having
possession of all the facts In connection with the strike, and
which would have shown that
said strike was not in furtherance of a seditious conspiracy,
but to secure redress of a lawful
trade grievance,  and
"Whereas, in said charge the
trial judge expressed views opposed to rights possessed at law
by  organized  labor.
"Therefore, be It resolved, that
this convention pledge itself to an
unfaltering support of said Robert B. Russell, and Instructs* the
defence committee to take all
steps necessary to undo the Injustice done to him ,and protect
and secure the legal recognition
of said rights."
"That this convention assembled, calls upon all the workers,
from the Atlantic to the Pacific,
to take a vote to go on strike to
obtain the release of these brothers, und that the workers in the
British Isles be asked to co-operate."
WUl Affiliate With O. B.
U.—Good Reading Room
For Members
The Marine Gas Engineers have
commenced to organize, and wtll
affiliate and become a part of the
O. B. U. Their present headquarters Ib at 314 Cordova Street West,
fn the same hall used by the Marine Firemen and Oilers* Unit of
the O. B. U„ where there Is a
large reading room, and all members have the opportunity of reading labor papers from all over the
continent, and so keep In touch
with the labor movement.
Earl King, secretary of the Marine Firemen and Oilers, ts acting
temporary secretary for the Gas
Engineers, who will hold the next
meeting In the hall at 314 Cordova
Street West tonight (Friday) at
7:30, and another on the 30th at
the same hour.
Avenue Theatre Meeting
Addressed by Mr. J.
E. Bird
The meeting called by the Vancouver Metal Trades Council, In
the Avenue theatre last Sunday,
as a protest meeting against tho
sentence Imposed on lt. It. Russell, was fairly well attended, and
Mr. J. K. Bird, who acted as counsel for the defence, was the chief
speaker. F. W. Welsh, president
of the Metal TradeB Council, in
opening the moeting stated, that
It had been said that a public
mooting of protest could not be
held owing to the diversity of
opinion ln the ranks of Labor,
but the meeting proved that when
it became a matter of policy, tho
workers can drop their differences
and get together. He then called
on Mr. J. E, Bird, who in opening,
stated that he had had the pleasure of assisting In the defonse of
R. B. Russell, and that the more
he knew of Russell and hts associates, the moro he thought of
them, and In fact had become considerably attached to Russell.
Effect on Trades Unions
Continuing, he staled that: he
knew thoso present would not
agree with the fin dings of tho
court, and thut tf the judgment
wus upheld by the court of appeals, thun it would be a bad day
for trades unions in Canada. He
dealt with thc general aspect of
the trials on similar lines as In
his address before the tradea council, and which has already beon
published, and then dealt with
Mr. Justice Metcalfe's summing
up. He referred to Uie propaganda of the S.P. of a, which
had been cited as seditious, but
which hod been circulated for
many years without being taken
any notice of by the authorities.
This made it seditious at one time
(Continued on Pago 8)
Russia Opens Arms to the
Workers Deported
From U. S. A.
Terijokl, Finland.—The 249 Russians who were deported from the
United States were given what
might be termed an official reception just outside tbls village. In
the crowd that greeted Alexander
Berkman, Emma Goldman and-|
their "comrades" waa M. Zorlen,
member of the all-soviet exeoutlve
committee, who, after a brief con':
ference with Berkman, agreed to
permit the whole party to enter
Bolshevik Russia.,
"There Ii no question they will
be welcomed In Russia," sold M,
Zorlen. "We will give them work
according to their professions and
trados, but flrst we must provide
them with comfortable hlmes and
feed them well."
Madame Gorky, wife of the novelist, said when she met the de<
portees: "Russia opens her arms
to all who are politically persecuted."
Pass The Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
Engineers. Will Transfer
to O.B.U. Industrial
Realizing the futility of trying
td continue doing business ou. aj
croft basts, owing to the changed
conditions of the labor market, and
the labor movement In -general)
since the ending of the war, engineers who were formerly members
of Local 620 International Steam
and Operating Engineers 'Union
have decided that the only way the
workers can now flght successfully against organized capital Is -by
organizing industrially on a class
basis. They are therefore .going
Into the One Big Union movement
heart and soul, and ore willing'to
organize with thcir fellow workers
on a class basis m order to flght
for their rights as human beings.
All engineers who are working
ln the lumber Industry ahould arrange to pay their dues ln future
to tho nearest district secretary of
the Lumber Workers' Union, to
where they are employed, and all
those not employed ln the lumber
industry should arrange to ' pay
their dues to the secretary of the
nearest- Central O. B. U. Council
to whero they are employed, as at
the end of the present month the
Engineers and Mill Workers' Unit
of the O. B. U. will cease to exist
as a separate unit. A final meeting of members will be held next
Monday evening at 8 o'clock lh
Room 302 Labor Temple, when
arrangements will be made to dispose of remaining furniture; also
audit committee will be elected td
make a final audit of the books*
The Mill Workers ahve made arrangements to hold meetings In
Vancouver on the flrst and third
Mondays of each month at headquarters of the Lumber Workers'
Union, 61 Cordova Street West,
Vancouver, between Carrall and
Abbott streets. The first meeting
ln the new quarters will be held
on Monday, February 2, and will
commence at 8 p.m. All workers
in the lumber industry are invited
to attend and they should also try
to bring along some fellow worker
who has not yot become a member.
Youngest Bondholder
Kathleen Martin, two yoars old
on the 19th ot this month, Is tho
youngest bondholder to date. Alfred Crombie, 8 years old, Ib also
a bondholder. Liberty bonda to
these children will have a meaning In years to come, when they
take the places of the men and
women of today.
Women's   Auxiliary   «o   Meet
The Women's Auxiliary of tho
O. B. U. will bold its regular
meeting tonight (Friday) in the
Labor Temple. All members are
urged to be on hand, and to
bring new members along, the
matter of the dance arrangements
for February the 13th will be
gone Into and final arrangements
What about renewing yeur sub.f
Option Taken on Vacant Store-
Meeting to Decide the
North Vancouver may have ft
co-operative store next month lf
tho residents of that place act favorably to the suggestion at a meeting which will be held In the K. P.
Hall on Fourth Street next Wednesday evening at 8 p.m. Mombers
of the Vancouvor Socioty living in
Vancouver favor tho branch and
an option has been taken on tlie
vacant store in tho Mount Crown
Block on First Street East. North
Vancouver residents are Invltod to
the mooting.
A splondid meeting was addressed by O. W. Hubbard and H. W.
Watts at Port Moody on Tuesday
and eighteen now members were
Issued with shares with prospects
of many more,
A big social and dance Is being
planned for next month by tbe
Women's Co-operative Guild. Place
and date will be announced later.
Every day sees the enrollment of
new members and this adds to the
success of the enterprise.
eral Workers Unit O.
p. U. Getting Into
If      Shape
number of new members
we* admitted at last night's
melting of the General Workers
Unit of the O. B. U. and the
lgamation of the different
(a seems to have had a very
stimulating effect on the move
ment In the olty. It was decided
that an open meeting be held on
the; flrst Thursday In February
tot*(.organizing purposes, and a
UftMimendatlon of the executive
that' arrangements bo made for
thai holding of a debate i<n the
question of the Oho Bi j Union
versus craft organization,- was
adopted, and ft special committee-appointed to make the arrangements,, and It Is expected
that' a representative of the International unions will be available- to take that side of the
question. A committee was also
appointed to draft by-laws for
the: unit, and lt was also decided
to take a room in the Labor j
Temple -as a reading room for
the'; members in the day time.
ME ON 11
Coal Miners Solid For O.
B. U.—Operators Are
Throughput District No 1, Mining department, One Big Union,
there have been a few develop
numts of marked importance dur*
lug the past week. A number of
the companies have disregarded
order 141, Insofar as refusing to
emfyloy men who do not sign the
U..M. W. of A. checkoff Is concerned. The only lockout that
has really occurred to amount to
anything is that at Mountain
Park. In other camps substantial contributions are being made
to help the comrades at Mountain
Park, who have the courage to
stand out against the Prussian-
Hk# ■ ruling. These contributions
win ibe augmented at the pay day
on Saturday.
Tlje Crows Nest Pass Company,
operating at Fernle and Michel,
dejpitc the facts that practically
all of the men carry O, B. U.
cards, and will not sign a U. M,
W. of A. checkoff, paid all men
Working in and around the mines
on Saturday last the' full 14 per
eetit.  increase.
At the Monarch mine, In the
Drumheller valley, O. B. U. unit
has: received the dues payment
Which was held up, following tho
Issuing of order 141, and the men
of that camp feel satisfied that
the North American Collerles are
through ■ with the Interantional,
Tbere Is still more or less con
fusion ln the Drumheller valley.
A number of. International organizers are exerting every effort
to Win support. The O. B. U.
hive 1160 members In thia dis.
trict, however.
. All Is well at Brule and the O,
B. U.'boys will get their 14 per
c«nt. the same Ib true at Nor
dfcgg. At Canmore there .Is a
small International local, but tho
O. B. U. unit is 215 strong, and
WiU' control the situation.
, In Lethbridge there are still
quite a number of men paying
International duos in that Held,
but #very day adds to the number
ot O. B. U. cards being packed
In Mountan Park there are a
few company men mostly outside
hands end about Ave miners
Working,, doing their best to beat
the O. B. U. These miners are
the usual type of minors, who
make a business ot working, white
their fellows are on strike or
locked out. They are not producing enough to enable the cook
In the hotel to brown the hot
cakes properly for breakfast,
Pittsburg—An immediate large
increase in the freight carrying
capacity of tbe American railroads is the only hope of avoiding (One of the worst financial
pantos in history, Samuel Dunn,
editor of the Rallwayo Age, told
the* [Rotary Club here.
Matt Christ..-r of Nanalmo Is
acting as the Fed's subscription
agent for renewals and new subscriptions in that locality,
Potttfral  Parlies  Withdraw  Candidates and Refrain From
BUCHAREST. — Seventy per
cont. of the peoplo ot Roumania
boyiettcd tho government during
the-,legislative elections by refusing) to vote. The Socialist party,
the Unionist party, the Leaguo of
Poople and all the subject nationalities, numbering about 420,000
citizens, withdrew their candidates
and their ballots in protest
against the absolutist government.
The government aided in suppressing the labor vote by excluding 400,000 mon,. most of
them union members, becauso
they were "Still considered mobilized," and In neglecting to register   300,000   others.
In spite -of thc fact that only
30 per cent, of the people voted,
the Liberals, who wero the real
masters of the government, suffered a humiliating set-back and
elected only 100 members. Seven
Socialists were elected, In spite
of; tho fact that thc party members hud refused to vote,
IL MY IlSecond Trial of Labor
'*♦♦*** •      ******       ******      ■ ****** i •
Men in Winnipeg Has Started
Allegations of Improper Conduct on Part of Sheriff elf
His Agents Are Made—Whole Panel of Jurymen •
Is Objected to—Objections Also Raised
Against Metcalfe Sitting on Case
Manitoba  Appeal Court
Unanimously Supports
the Crown
Importance of Case Is Ful
ly Realized in Trade
Union Circles
The Manitoba appeal court
having unanimously upheld the
crown In the appeal against the
sentence on R. B. Russell, It Is
impossible to appeal to the supreme court of Canada, but it has
been decided thai the case will
be carried to the privy counsel
Just what course will be adopt*
ed, and who will be the legal
representatives to conduct the appeal has not been decided, the
local defense committee having
offered some suggestions to the
Winnipeg committee, which meets
this week end to decide the final
details. In view of the importance
and effect that this caso will .have
to the trades union movement ot
this country* no effort will. be
spared to secure the release' of
R. B. Russell, and the laws clearly defined as to the legal status
of nny strikes that may take
place In the future.
Every member of the B. O, Defense committee is urged to attend
a meeting called for tonight (Friday) as very urgent business needs
attention. The many matters arising ont of the Winnipeg, situation
are of such vital importance that
it la imperative that a clenr-cut
policy should lbe outlined. The
meeting tonight will be the most
important Umt has been held since
the formation of tlie committee.
Vnlcanlzcrs to Meet)
The Vulcanizers and Tire repairers will hold a meeting In
the Cotillion Hall tonight (Friday); all workers In these occupations are invited to attend.
Are Released on Bail—R.
N. W. M. P. Give
Dourasoff and Roth were duly
committed for trial, on a charge
of perjury, on Thursday morning.
They appeared on Monday, the
date set by the magistrate for
committal, but for some reason
the matter was postponed for another two days. On Wednesday
morning Roth appeared In court,
but not Dourasoff, and the committal was again deferred. On
Thursday morning both the accused were present, iu company
with two officers of the Mounted
Police, and were bound over In
their own recognizances to the
amount of $1500 each, tho Mount
ed Police also giving security for
tho  like  amount.
Nothing can be said, as yet, as
to the date of the trial.
Points Out That Present
System Leaves Workers
Unprovided For
Jack Kavanagh was expected
and advertised ln Victoria last
Sunday night, but Comrade Chas.
Lestor nobly filled the breach In
the unavoidable absence of the
former, at the fortnightly Forum
of the Victoria Unit No. 1, O. B. U.
The audience in the Crystal theatre, were treated to a useful -and
intensely Interesting review of present conditions with ft well-sustained analysts and comparison,
showing things u;. they arc, and
things as they should be—and
shall be.
In describing briefly some very
few of the legacies of horror left
by tho world war. he Instanced
particularly tho fact that the
French proletariat had suffered a
very severe loss in numbers, and
indeed were deprived of almost
the whole of their advanced
"class conscious" element—which
explains much. The merchant
and financial classes being more
than ever In practically undisturbed control. Other countries, of
course, have sustained similar decimation, though nut to tho samo
extent, but tho lecturer showed
how the workers of Qreat Britain
wore being misled and sold by
their trusted "leaders"—giving
Instances somewhat along tho
lines revealed by tho American
Senate discussions of the little-
known "Labor's Bill of Rights" in
tbe farcical League of Nations.
Ho asserted that under present
conditions, Labor was a necessary
evil—Inevitably a curse—and proved It hy reminding his hearers lhat
according to Scripture, thc command to work was a punishment!
Ho gave a graphic illustration otj
how co-operative effort is perverted from a potential benefit to a
positive menace, by tracing the
(Continued on page 6)
(Special to The Federatlonist)
Chapter one of the trials closed
on Wednesday afternoon when
the judge ordered the jury panel
to go home and remain there
until Monday next. This was
done becauso the counsel for the
defense had mado a motion to
object to tho whole pan.tl on
several grounds. The argument
on this matter promised to be
of such length that the order to
retire was issued. If the jury
sends the accused home after the
trials ' this will be the end of
chapter two.
In the meantime the defense
was denied ln Its demand for an
adjournment until the next assizes. This request was based on
the ground that the newspapers
had so prcdjudlced the minds of
the people that, taken ln con-
Junction  with  the  conviction  of
Russell Evidence May Be
Used Against Dixon
and Woodsworth
New Laws Being Made
Not Written-Workmen Should Act
The Winnipeg Defenso Committee ln a lotter commenting or
the cases of Woodsworth and
Dixon has the   following to  say:
As an Instance of the desperation of the prosecution, it might
be stated, that although Woods
worth and Dixon were charged
with seditious Ubel, and at the
preliminary hearing merely one
or two witnesses of no importance
were called; ball easily arranged
for; yet tt now transpires that
both of them have been served
with notices by the prosecution,
and practically all the evidence
that was used against Russell,
and which Is intended to be used
against the seven yet to be tried
for conspiracy, will also be used
against Messrs. Dixon and Woods-
Tha workers of the west know
enough—at least of Woodsworth
—to appreciate this tragic farce
at its proper worth. They ■ know
that he was hot a member of the
Socialist party; was not at the
Calgary convention; and although
a menibor of the International
Longshoremen's Association wos
not a delegate from that body to
any other body. Finding himself
In Winnipeg, being on a lecture
trip through the west for thc labor church movement, at thc time
ot the strike, he manfully stepped forward and filled tho breach
caused by tho lightning like arrest of the then Editor William
Ivens, and his associates. Quoting
a couple of somewhat strongly
worded passages from the Prophet Isaiah, he was therefore ar.
rested on a charge of seditious
libel, and at this point F. J. Dixon appeared In the scheme, taking up the pen where Woodsworth
was compelled to loy It down.
While the indictment against
these two men is one of seditious
libel, and while consequently-
teehnlcally speaking—thoy will be
tried for seditious libel, if the
crown is successful In its endeavors to bring in the evidence
of which it has given notice,
there Is no reason to believe—
looking back upon what has just
transpired—that anything but success should crown their efforts.
Thus in actual practice, and from
the common sonse viewpoint, ir*
respective of what tho law may
say or do, these men aro also to
be tried  for seditious conspiracy.
Let the workers awake, and
takt notice of the new laws that
are being made, not written; of
tho new constitution which is
helng dragged forth through the
raping ot the old; and if there
Is any spirit of manhood or womanhood prevalent at all among
them, let them determine now,
once and for all, that thc least
they can do is to fight, and fight
strenuously, for the retention of
those small privileges, and petty
liberties, of which they have so
often been told in such glowing
Issues Call for Big Internntionnl
Convention  to  Discuss
Chnodc Conditions
A call for one of tho greatest
International conferences of commercial and financial figures ever
assembled in an effort to find a
remedy for thc financial and commercial chaos In which the world
has been loft by tho war, was
issued in New Tork, following
the meeting ot a coterie of na-
tlonally-known   financiers.
The appeal was Issued simultaneously with similar proclamations put fortli In Great Britain
France, Holland, Switzerland,
Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
In each case tho documents were
signed by business, financial, political and educational leaders In
their  respective  countries.
Russell and the failure of hia appeal, that a fair trial for the accused was impossible. The Judgt
said that this might be true, but
the same facts would be true ^
year,if rom now, so? if it was argued that the accused were entitled
to an unprejudiced Jury,. they
would never come to trial. Counsel for the defense argued thai
every accused was entitled to
trial by an unprejudiced jury,
according to the demands of British justice, and if it was agreed
that a fair trial was Impossible
then there should be no trial.
The next objection was to the
judgo himself. The defense maintained that the Judge must bs
prejudiced, at. least unconsciously so, therefore he should step
aside and allow another judge to
try the cuse. To this the judge
objected on the ground that he
could not in justice ask another
judge to take so arduous a case,
and ho must not shirk his duty.
The defense stated today, Wednesday, that it would tomorrow-
argue against Andrews, Pltblado,
etc., acting as prosecuting counsel
for leaeons apparent tp labor
forces everywhere. Each of the
eight men will argue this caw,
aud will a-Ro reopen the protest
against Judge Metcalf sitting on
the case.
If the defense wins out hi its
protest against the panel It 'will
■be necessary to call an entirely
new panel of jurors.
Amongst the allegations as to
the jury, the chief contentions
were that there had been misconduct on the part of the sheriff
or his agent, the chief contention being that lists ot the em-
panneled jurymen had been given out Illegally, and that numbers of them had been approached by unknown persons regarding
their views on the general strike,
and the accused. The number of
jurymen on the panel is unprecedented, 260 having been summoned. Counsel for the defense
are R. A, Bonner, K.C., Ward
Hollands and E. J.  McMurray,
Professor Scott Nearing
Forced to Postpone
Canadian Tour
Professor Scott Nearing, the noted lecturer and writer, and formerly of Pennsylvania University,
was oxpected to be the speaker
at the Fdderated Labor Party
propaganda meeting ln the Royal
theatro noxt Bunday evening, that
was, provided he get across the
border. However, owing to a
chango In his arrangements, he
has had to unavoidably postpone
his visit. A series of meetings
had been arranged for him to address across the country, but all
have been notified of tho postponement of the tour. It is expected that bo will make tho trip
In thc near future. fComrade It.
P. Pettipiece will be the speaker,
therefore, on Sunday next. Meeting will begin at 8 o'clock p.m.
Doors open at 7:30.
The subject of discussion at the
tabor Party school next Sunday
afternoon -will be, "Why men who
never- get rich, work harder than
those who do." The school meets
every Sunday at 2:30 in O'Brlteu
The members of the Junior Labor League will hold a debate at
their next educational meeting on
February 6. Tho subject of the
debate will be chosen at tonight's
meoting, and announced next
week. The debate will take plane
ot the club rooms, 52. DuifuiSn
street west.
Will  Hold Dance
Tho Moat Cutters and ButchJra
of New Westminster aro holding
a whist drive and dance in Si.
Patrick's HUH, January 28th.
There will be choice roasts of
meat given ns rplzes. Refreshments will be served. We are
sparing on pains to make this a
very  enjoyable  evening. j
Capitalist Press Tactics to Prejudice People Against Proletarian Dictatorship
"Give tho dovil his due" is a
bit of sportsmanship never practiced by the controlled press
against those which it-marks out
as devils. On Dec. 28, 191!), (or
instance, tho Now York tribune's
Sunday supplement carried a pic*-
ture of a dock tiro under which
wero these words:
"A remarkable smoko picturo,
showing thousands ot barrels o(
perfectly good American oil n]ud
tar golnn up at Archangel from
fires set by Bolsheviki spies, hundreds ot which infest northern
Tribune readers must have
thought that pictures do not lie,
hut they may not have realised
that liars can uso pictures. This
same picturo was used in a Russian paper, the World View ,ol
St. Petersburg, on August 14,,
1909, over 10 years previous, and
tho translation ot the words under the Russian picture reads:
"Big flre in Archangel, starting frbm unknown cause, con*
sumps 30,000 barrels of sea lion
fat." PACT! TWO
twelfth tear. no. 4   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. e.
..January It,  IM
How They Dd It in Soviet Russia
IN A SPECIAL interview, £iVen Francis Maynell, sub-editor of the Daily
Herald, Maxim Litvinoff answers the question present in many minds,
"How, actually, does thfi.&'viet system work in practice." He explains, among other things, Mvr'tho Soviet haB overcome tho housing shortage without building new houses; why workers' power to fix their own
wages has not led to overpayment; and how the Soviets ration food is
the famine caused by the blockade. The interview which follows was
published la thp Daily Herald,..pecember 16,1S19:
I found Maxim Litvinoff igtab-fmestio    con
200 Hen'8 Overcoata, in Kaglans, Betters, Waist Lines,
Button Thru Chesterfields, wool lined and silk lined, in
Browns, Greys, Navys. Regular $40, $45 and $50—
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 Granville Street
Fineat Tomatoes,   tia .. . IB*
Quaker Corn,  tin   SOe
Van CunflV Tomato Soup, por tia 18c
Habol Tea, AA.
p« lb.    WC
Blue Ribbon Tea,
per lb. .
Sister's Good Tta,
per lb. ................
Finest BugwOurad l'iialt  Huns.
Rcsulsr    OVA.    th.     Sltarlsy
_r'._*_  _.2$»aC
Finott Split F.u. 9 lba for - tie
Finest Few) B.rley,  3 111.  Mo
Fineat Purl WUtt Beans, 3 lbi ..250
Fineat Pure Lard, 2 lbs, for ........7flc
Finest Compound Lard, 3 lbs.  ....SS,
""baooh    iiobS    baoob
1000 pounds Sister's Sug»r>rani
Streaky Bacon. Regular 6be lb.
BaturJay, huf or whoU aide
Special p.» 441,5
mut special
PaeUo Milk, large   tins,   regular
.6.50 cue.  Saturday     Jg yj
a 48 tins...
Finest Cream Sodaa, large pkge.
Fineat. Kitcbea Salt, 13 lba	
FL0D»      PtOOB      FLOUB
Robin Hood, Royal'Standard; Roy.
al  Howhold.    Saturday   only
If-.- -»«
Only 100' aacks   at  abota  price,
from 8 a.m. te 11 a.m.
Alberta Storage Eggs, dot. __~65e
Finest Ontario Cheese, Ik. ___.S8o
Oleomargarine, 3 Ibl. for ..-._ Me
Finest Sugar-cured Boneless Bolls, I
sweet ss a Alt. Regular 48Ho I
lb.   Saturdar A/-C I
only, lb   J'-a.*' I
Helns Tomato Sauce, bottle ..........35ft
Clark's Tomato Sauce, bottle ....'..»5o
Flneet Beef Sausage, lb. — 3»a
Fineat Oxford Sausage, lb 360
Fineat Pet Roosts from, lb.  IT,
We hare tbe finest butter in tha
city.   Regular 8 lbs. fer 12.85
S'«r^. .$2.25
Fineat Pork  Lege,  weighing front
» to 7 lbs. Regular SSo lb. Sat.
SV£_  .26^
Apple, Strawberrr Jam, large tin 80a
Kmpreii 8tr»wberry Jam, 4-lb,..f 1.25
Wt eipeei to havo angsr Ut every*
body  on  Saturday.
—win nerer to enjoyed oalesr yonr teeth an In perfect
VTe are thoroughly equipped to keep yonr mouth tret trom all
dental disturbances—every patient Is retarded a* an individual
dental problem.
Call at ear offlce and discuss your teeth troubles with us—thaa
get. our estimates.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Eay, Crown aad Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINGS ST.—Oorner Seymour
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B. U. and all progressive%
Labor policies. -
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,'
P. 0, Box 1608, Calgary, Alberto
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
Contributes Over $2,000
Towards .Winnipeg Defense Fund
You Don't Get
"Ordinary" Shoes
When You Buy
at Goodwin's
Our stock is selected in the best known shoe marts in Canada and the United States. Every shoe is picked with the
view of giving our many customers the utmost for their
money. That has been our unvarying policy for the many
years we have been in bnsiness—it is our polioy today.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
0. B. U. and the Strike
•   at the Dry
The last meeting of the Priice
Rupert Central Labor Council
convened at 8 p.m., January 13th,
36 delegates being present. Credent iaja were presented (or six
delegates for the Flsh Packers and
alx. for the Metal Trades Unit;
credentials accepted and delogutes seated. Bills totalling $211
were ordered paid, and a sheaf of
correspondence read and filed, action taken on some Items being endorsed. The correspondence dealing with the strike at the Premier
mine, Stewart, wu laid over to
new business.
Sec-treaa.   Cameron   submitted
the financial report for the quarter ending Dec. 81, 1919, an follows:
. Receipts
Dues, 1789.50; Initiations, $100;
per capita, $4.90; chair rents,
$23.60; hail rents, $4; supplies,
$45.16; general strike balance,
$7.10; donation, P. R. Industrial
Union, $14.55; collection mass
meeting, $133.25; total, $1122.05.
Balance Sept. SO, 1919, $420.70;
grand total, $1542.75.
Hall rents, $90; theatre rents,
$20; defence fund, $213,604 supplies, |63.85; salaries, $100; telegrams, $6.60; electric light, $3;
telephone Installation, $5.25; postage stamps, i $4.15; per capita,
$108.75; painting, $10; commission, $11; printing, $28.60; advertising, $123.75; stove fittings,
$6.10; loan, $40; sundries, $3.50;
charter frame, $1.75; coal and express, $11; piano, $100; crockery,
$81-*0; hardware, $21.20; lumber,
$13.83; total, $1007.53; cash in
bank, Dec. 81, $468.57; cash on
hand, Dec 81, $66.66; total,
Piano, $415; books, library, $150;
supplies, $5; furniture and fixtures, $253; stove, $20; loan. $40:
cosh in bank, $468.57; cash on
hand, $£0.65; crockery, $21; hardware, $19; total, $1548.22.
Loans unpaid, $218.60; salary,
$45; piano, $315; per capita,
$26.60; total, $605.20.
Total available assets, $863.02.
Total membership, Dea 31, 1919,
The secretary-treasurer pointed
out that the assets had not heen
over-estimated. He also expressed
appreciation of the assistance rendered him by the retiring chairman, the assistant secretary and
the whole executive. ' .
The auditing committee, per Del.
Rose, confirmed the report as correct, and congratulated the secretary-treasurer on the manner tt\
which the books had been kept.
No blame could be attached to
him for uncertainties created by
Indistinct duplicates.
On motion, the reports were
accepted and flled, and the secretary-treasurer complimented on
his work.
Defence committee reported
sales of bonds, $94.70, making a
total of $2106.90 since the first
call for assistance was received.
•Report accepted.
The mailing list for the Recruiting Unit was reported ready.
The committee to report on the
alleged case of discrimination at
the cold, storage plant- reported
that there had been no discrimination, the member in question
having neither been suspended or
dismissed. The committee that
waited on the health commission
reported' a good representation of
the O. B. U. at the sitting. They
had endorsed the recommendation
submitted by the secretary of the
Q. W. V. A., which had been
drawn up in common.
The executivo committee reported their rocommendation that the
proposed constitution of tho Fisheries Industrial Unit be laid on
tho table. On motion, the matter
waa laid over for tho incoming
executive to meet a committee of
the unit, and proceed to frame
recommendations for the consider,
atlon of the council.
The Dry Dock Strike
The assistant secretary reported
that he had bcen approached on
January 6 by some of tho strikers
and requested to arrange a meeting for the men who had come
out that morning. He had se-
cured the hall for 7 p.m., and notified tho executive to attend. The
men had come out as a result of
the refusal of the management to
consider their demand of an Increase of 10 cents an hour, their
present wages being 660. The
matter had been thoroughly canvassed, and as a result of the recommendation of the exeoutlve,
tlie men had gone baok to work
"the next day, pending the result
of an interview wtth Mr. Schellen-
berg by a committee composed of
a committee representing the laborers who came out, the steel-
handlers and helpers, with the
president of the International T.
&. L. a, and the secretary-treasurer of the C. L. C. The president
of the T. & L, C, had been asked
to act, as the force In the dook
was divided between the Internationals and the O. B. U. The committee reported the next meeting
that there wag "nothing doing/
the management refusing to considor a raise, stating that they
would close down If they had to
pay more than the competitors In
Vancouver. The report had been
discussed, and the opinion waa
gonorally expressed that a strike
would not be effective unless it
had the co-operation of all the
organizations In the yard, and lt
was therefore decided to f call a
meeting of all labor In the yard for
January 10, at 3 p.m., to discuss.
_ found Maxim Litvinoff g^tab-
Ilshed ln the comfortable „Jltt!e
hotel which has suddenly achieved
fame in Copenhagen as his harbor*
age. .ff
He looked very well, andf was
precisely the energetic man—only
with him It is a restful energy—I
last saw in London 15 months ago.
Yet with this difference; there was
so clearly upon him a feeling of
great pride in tho recent triumphs
of the Soviets, and confidence in
their present and future.
He asked after friends and affairs in England; I told him about
the flrst and found him well informed about the second. Nevertheless I summarized for him the
vital points In our Immedlajp do-
the wage question. That meeting
has been held, and the whole
question of a strike and ths support needed to make it successful
gone Into. The secretary-treasurer and the assistant secretary, acting on information received, advised them not to strike until the
question of the control of the dock
had been settled by the various Interests concerned, but to devote
their efforts In the meantime to
organizing the whole force ot laborers, steel'handlers and helpers
into the organizations of their
choice, also to appoint a committee to Interview the C. L. C, T. &
controversy   w   bousing;
food, the unemployed and nationalization.
"Tou must have had these Identical problems in Russia,"* I said.
"Tell me how you dealt with them
Little Building of New Homes
"Russia," said Litvinoff, "had,
before the revolution, a housing
crisis of the' same kind, and for the
same causes as yours. There was
no building and little repairing,
while the towns attracted large
numbers of the war-rich'—the people who had preyed on the nation
by speculations or war contracts.
After the Soviet revolution wo
faced the problem, and we dealt
wtlh lt drastically. The building
of new houses" ("even on Dr. Addison's scale?" I interpolated) was
out of the queatlon. - Skilled workmon and materials alike were lacking. Homeraber, please, that the
Soviet Republic brought down orf
us a new war, and the blockade.
"This eould be done, and this we
did: We passod a decree limiting
tho number of rooms for one individual to one only, with a share* of
course, of the general family rooms
—kitchen, sitting room, snd bo on.
In short, th* 'Upper Ten Thousand'
had to give op their superfluous
rooms. Thus it was possible for
to transfer a largo number of
workors from thoir slums to decent
conditions—from the suburbs to the
L. C. and the various organizations
in the yard, With a view to findingi06?™. J**' their work."
out if they, would give a strike if    /_ fOMwvwa^ in this respect^ re
called at an opportune time, their
moral support. Th* committee
was* presented, and h£ asked that
they be heard.
Bros. Redmond, Hammond and
Donovan addressed the council,
the substance of their remarks being the pressing necessity of all
the forceB involved - getting together. They did not ask the mechanics to come out, but simply
not to do their work if they hud
to come out. They were there to
ask the support, of the council if
they did. come out,
Del Casey Said that industrial
action was necessary to get the
demands met, but no matter what
form the strike took, they could
count on the support of th* O. B.
U. in Prince Rupert
Del; F. Shaw also spok*Jln similar vein, and Del. OrmsSMtf* said
that many of the O. .H?6!!^ mechanics were in the doefci1 did It
would be- necessary to £et-Qhem
together. If would not-'be-'fcood
policy to give the deWfcitttn a
definite answer until tftfe^had
been heard from, A motioWpwas
put by Cameron-BurroUghi'Hthat
the council declare itself >'fo"?avor
of the demands of the laborers,
steel, handlers and helpenJ^for 65c
per hour, and pledge all (hwsup-
port possible. After a IHtltft further discussion, the motion* was
pasesd unanimously, and the ^legation Invited t0 stay for the rest
of the proceedings.
Mra Gawthorne, for the Women'a Auxiliary, reported that a
Young People's Society had been
formed with 19 members. She
also mentioned the necessity of
organizing the laundry workors
and waitresses, etc.
Tho matter of a safe for holding the records, supplies, etc., was
again discussed, and the secretary
authorized to buy one at the disposal of Del Morse for $70.
Election of Officers
Chairman Cox, in announcing
tnat he waa not standing for reelection, thanked the council for
the honor done him and for the
support rendered. He considered
that they if they desired to, mak*
the same progress as In the laat
six months, they would b<^ a powerful force in the Canadian movement.
Oh motion, tt Was decided that
the highest vote olect, all membors present to vrte.
Nominations and votes-For
chairman: Ormshaw, 4; Derry. 1;
F. Shaw, 16; N. Booth, 10; Rudderham, 11. Del. Rudderham declared elected.
For vice chairman: F. Shaw, 3;
N. Booth, 14; Derry, 8; Rose, 8;
Ormshaw, 7.    Del. Booth elected.
For secretary- treasurer: Del.
Cameron by acclamation.
For assistant secretary: Del.
Burrough, by acclamation.
For doorkeeper: Rose, 18; Ormshaw, 17.    Rose elected.
For executive committee;
Barnes, 10; Burroughs, 20; Ormshaw, 12; F. Shaw, 17; Morse, 11;
Derry, 4; Rose, 18; McLean, 7;
Cox, 16; Casey, 10. Dels. Burrough, Casey, F, Shaw and Cox
elected. (The chairman, vice-
chairman and secretary-treaaurer
have seats on the executive by virtue of their ofllce.),
Del, Rudderham took the chair
vacated by Dol. Cox, and announcing his Intention of making no
speech, called for the next order
of bulness.   This wa*
Tb« Premier Mine Strike
at Stewart. The "correspondence
with the men on strike wtts-ftgaln
considered, and the assistant secretary gave a full report91^ the
occurrence* resulting froni'?lt| and
the action he had taketf.'K Mr.
Harris, the managor of tMS'hiine,
had called on him on Jan;,'i>;1 stating that he could hot get men to
go up with him on the next boat,
and conversed about the nature cf
the trouble. He had explained the
demands of the men for the dismissal of the cook, and for better
food, and Mr. Harris hadu promised to settle the demands-ito the
satisfaction of the men affected,
signing a type-written statement
to that effect/ On th* strength of
that, some 23 men had consented
to go with him, on tht distinct understanding that lf tho matter was
not settled to the satisfaction of
tho men on strike, they would not
go to work. The boat on the re
turn trip, brought a letter stating
that Mr. Harris had refused to
stand by his agreement, and the
strike was still on. He had told
the assistant secretary that the
men he wanted to. take up wtth
him were to be put to work, ln
addition to the men already on
the ground. On receipt of that Information, he had notified the
Oovernment Employment Agency
that the strike was still on, al?n
Vancouver.   He had sent a letter
ntinds me of New'Testament Christianity," I said. "Tou remombor:
'He that hath two coata, lot him
give on* to him that hath none.
' * With the municipalization of
houso and estate property," Litvinoff continued, "special dwelling
communities were .formed in each
town. Applications for house-room
aro doalt with by them; and to them
every removal and evory vaeant
room haB to bo reported by thc
House Committoe set up in every
house. Tou may eay that theso
house committees aro similar to the
committed of a club—and you must
remember that Bussian cities hnvo
great numbers of houses on tho scale
of your clubs.
"The house committees ftro appointed by the dwellers in the house,
They receive the rents, and spend
them—part on repairs, part on municipal taxes. Thoy are responsible
for the good caro. of the furniture,
for cleanliness, and for the removal
of snow and ice from their part of
the street."
Commissaries Who Swept Street
"Dogs that last duty fall upon
everyone!" I asked, mindful of tho
"atrocity" picture which showed
(imagine itf) a Bussian ex-officer at
this "degrading" labor.
"On everyone. I and my fellow-
commissaries last winter swept tho
streets in front of this hotel where
we lodge."
"What of large country houses!"
"Theso have been converted into'
schools or village clubs, or cinemas
—or, sometimes, all three."
"How did the owners of the big
houses tako the new order!"
"At first they were horrified; but
thoy have become widely reconciled
to tho plan, and in many cases have
mado warm friendships with their
working-class co-tenants. When thoy
wish they can select their own
lodges. All that we insist on is
that no room is left vacant."
How Food Is Shared Out
Then t broached the most urgent
of all Russia's   problems—that   of
Forces of Anti-Bolshevik
Are All Driven Into
Allies Finances Fail  to
Check Proletarian
Kolchak collapsed, Denikine defeated, Tudenitch driven back.
After unquestionable victories on
all fronts in Eastern, Southern
and Western Russia, Red Russia
—the Soviet of Bolshevik Russia
—ha* received flirtations of peace
from  the Allies.
In tho wording ef the resolution
of tho supreme council at Paris
is embodied an effort te make It
appear that it was humanitarian
considerations for "the starving
population of Russia," that prompted the Allies to otter It life by
lifting the embargo for an exchange of supplies with fhe reds.
Close observer* of Russian
event* In the last two months appreciate the fact that humanitarian principles de not enter into
the offer. Tha faet 1* tha Allies
have fought Bolshevism with the
last Russian who would bear arms
for them against it
Soviet  Control  la  Russia
The power of the Soviet, long
announced as disorganized and
disordered, is in fact recognized
in control of Russia today. Xn
the last two months the red forces
In spite of their reported disorganization, have succeeded In
pushing back on all sides the
circle that surrounded them,
While Russians before Petrograd
fled in a rout berore the Soviet
armies when promised assistance.
The British fleet before KVonstadt
failed to materialize.
In the Courland provinces Al
lied failure adequately to support
the pitiful efforts of the strug
g^lng Esthonians, Lithuanians and
Letts resulted In the conference at
Dot-pat, and tho present armistice
which leaves that front quiet today, i
The Soviot Republic la In full
control of Russia from the Blaok
Sea to the Baltic and Arctic
Ocean, and from Poland to Western Siberia.
These successes havo been mad*
fn spite of American finances with
millions administered directly or
indirectly in behalf of the anti-
Bolsheviki forces, thousand* ot
tons of supplies and equipment
provided by the French and British fleet In the Baltic—the fleet
Incidentally now haa departed.
Against the Bolsheviki the Allies
have supplied food, equipment;
money, ambulances and propaganda, but no soldiers,
up with the men explaining to the
strike committee his reasons for
the action taken. The wires had
been down twice since he had received the first notification of the
strike, and there was no other
means of communication until the
regular boat on the 2lBt inst. The
understanding* with Mr. Harris,
bearing his signature, had been
delivered to the strike committee.
Discussion followed. Del. Casey
considered that in view of the circumstances, he considered that no
blame could be attached to the
assistant secretary, and had he
called the executive together, he
himself would have been Implicated in the action taken. But
the thought that the assistant secretary had made a mistake in not
going to Stewart, as requested by
the executive.
The assistant secrotary .pointed
out that he had evory reason to
think that the trouble would be
settled as soon as the boat arrived, and In view of the uncertainty of communication, he had
no Idea when he would be able to
get back. A motion to endorse
the action taken was put, moved
and seconded \ by Del*. Cox and
Qerstead. In the debate that followed, It was pointed out that the
men on strike had no compensation lf the strike was lost as a re
suit of the action taken, and one
member condemned the action
taken on the ground that Mr. Bar
hts should have been told to settle with the men flrst IU answer
to an inquiry by Del. Morse, the
assistant secretary stated that he
had taken the matter to a lawyer,
who had expressed the opinion
that the men who went up with
Mr. Harris had a good case, but
that nothing could be done until
they came back.
The motion to endorse the action taken was passed.
Del. Rose referred to the necessity of assisting the strikers, and
a motion to forward $60 was put
and possd, the assistant secretary
stating that the L. W. I. U. would
forward a similar amount
Del Casey suggested that headquarters be also written to for assistance, which was endorsed.
It was decided that owing to
the Increase in business, the council meet every Tuesday night
The candidature of Dels, Casey
and Rudderham for the municipal
council were endorsed, by motion
moved by Dels. Cameron and Dib-
lev. after 0 lively dlesusston, and
923 voted te meet their expenses.
The motion to endorse carried by
a vote of 14 to B.
The action of the executive committee In reference to dispute at
the dry dock was endorsed, and
the council, after a strenuous session, adjourned at 11:40 p.m,, to
the following Tuesday.
food. It is not, as with ns, a question of a penny this way or that on
tho price of an article; it is a daily
crisis to get food enough for the
maintenance of life itno tho mouths
of everyone. It iB perpetual semi-
starvation. It is the crisis of our
criminal blockade. "You havo to
get a now stomach as well as a new
psychology in Bussia," Litvinoff
told mo grimly.
"Thore are three classes of rations," he explained. "We noed
every ounce of food for equable distribution; so selling ami buying
food beyond these rations is illegal.
There are, unfortunately, innumerable profiteers eager to break this
rule, and to get from private people
a prico highor thau the one fixed, by
the State. The threo classes for rationing are as follows j*-"-'.
(1) Manual workors, men and
women; lirst grade of Soviet workers; women with moro than three
children and no servant to share her
strain; and all people over 60 years.
(2) All workers othor than manual
workors and tho classes namod
(3) Poople who can and don't
Besides these, there is a special
class (the highest) for all children
up to 10, and for oxpectant bothers
■who aro also given a ration of
matorial for baby clothes, eto. The
HI are given the food prescribed for
thom (as much as is avuilablo) in
tho hospitals. By tho way, all the
hospitals and all med:cal service of
overy kind, oven at tho hands of tho
most renowned surgeon, is entirely
free'' ^
"It haa been alleged that these
rationing classes—in short to persecute the idle bourgeoisie!"
'The 'idle,' oortaidy; but not
the 'bourgeoise'; and not 'persecute ' in any case. I mean that politics don't enter into the matter as
such at all. The scale is calculated
simply on the basis—'who needs
most shall have most.'
'' The people who hav* heavy
physical work or heavy mental responsibility to exhause them clear,
ly noed more than the idler does.
So we give them more. As for political persecution, consider tho case
of children and expectant mothers.
It is surely not a 'political atrocity'
that we should put these in a higher
rationing class than anyone else!"
"How-do tho children get food!"
"At the schools. And they are
clothed thero, too; which means
that no attendance officer is necessary in Busuiat"
Another Big Union
New Tork — Twenty-flve coal,
ice and building material trucking concerns, comprising 75 per
cent of this business In New
York City, have passed Into the
control of a new organization
known as the United States Distributing Corporation. One of the
advantages of the amalgamation,
Is announced, will be the elimination of what Its promoters .term
"unnecessary duplication of hauling work."
"It is a pleasure to shop at the Famous," sa? Vancouver
ladies. "Every garment is sa very desirable."
The Famous is noted lor the exclusive FAMOUS
quality of its products—you will find here jivniw
the suit, coat, or dress that will suit your Jrf r?Ji_
type and taste to prefeetibn. OLEABAHGM
Our clearance values are very comprehensive and the reductions aro, to say the IeasJ, sweeping—you are invited
to call and see far younelf, just how you ean Bave *%oaef_
at the Famous,
K*ax Qraniills
Use Capitalist Press in an
Attempt to Discredit
New Union
Two foreigners, named Ballan-
tyne and Dalyrample, supported
by th* Calgary NHeraId, ar. attempting to discredit former eleoted officials of District 11 by th*
publication ot circulars made up
Of half truths and cowardly insinuations. Neither Mr. Ballon-
tyne or Mr. Dalyrymple, during
the four months in which thoy
hare been active In directing the
spending of two hundred thousand
dollars and in giving out pip*
dream interviews to th* Calgary
Herald, havo ever visited a mining
camp or addressed a meeting, of
miners. They loave in charge of
tho funds here, during their frequent visit back to Indianapolis,
Morgan Lewis. . Mr. Lewis is also
a stranger to the - miners, and
nevor goes near a camp. He prefers the comforts ot Calgary and
the giving out of Interviews and
circulars to the Calgary Herald.
His dirty Indfcuntlons regarding
ths former officials ot this district
ar. adding to th* contempt la
which he and his whol* trlb* et
associates ar* now being held.
His personal reflections on tbss*
men ahould Hot go toe far far
there might be a turning point
whioh would lead to a hastening
of his steps to th* oountry to
whloh he belongs,—Th* Searchlight.
Uttca, N. T.—Charles W. Steene,
William Hotze* and Frank L.
Preston, Socialists of Syracuse,
who were convicted of violating
the espionage act, won sentenced
recently to serve 18 months each
in the federal prison at Atlanta
on each of four counts. The
total sentence ln each case will
amount to six years. Sentences
wore imposed by Federal Judge
Did you ever try to rustle a «nb.f
Ifvnot, why not!
The government apparently
has succeeded In putting down
the strike of postal, telegraph and
telephone workers, but Is confronted by a threatened walkout
of railway workers.
Lost Jaws!
The loss of a molar or grinding tooth Is a serious matter,
because its "grinding, mat*"
Is also lost to usefulness. On*
tooth In an upper Jaw and
one ln a lower will practically put that side of the mouth
"out of business."
If ths missing teeth are In
the middle of the law, with
others suitable tar "pier
teeth" on either side af th*
gap, tho us* of the. equipment
may be restored. But if they
are at th* back of th* mouth
thla is not possible.
It U her. thst the new Removibl.
Bridge Is io useful. Author teeth
sr. not oeeomry on both side,
of tbe, ispi. Lot mi ixpliln this
importint polat et viluu Id thi
new dontax*. V
Dr. Lowe
Fin* Dentistry
Phone Sty. BMt
Oppotlfe Wulmrd'i
Patronise Fedmtionlst advertii
Ex-Alderman Kirk haa
no connection whatsoever
with this Company direct-
ly or indirectly, nor has
he ever had any.
929 Main Street
noses Seymour 1M1 and MS
Greatest Stock ot
in Greater Vancouver
Replete In everj detail
bb iosb tod an
aaa Noa-aicokoiu vrtase ef aO
Fat Unloa Men
Phone Seymoar MS
Phon. Siymoor 71S9
Thirl  Plow,  World  Building,  Vu-
coiiTer. B. 0.
_ AjM •*«, PAMfHUT, ere—rf Ul ■> Ult*
Mrs. . «*• n. ,««*• — Mtxica
t**, t, *&* fern tl. tfwulde,, it wn!U o* PETHC
W* .*Um .!•,». * IK. JLSUIIS ** ik H>~«
Ut* tn BtSLutSnl AMERICA.
■    ***- W<mlii»r ~S i,**,A****.*«*
^"** Aunmuwa
*UMHM»jm HwctfU-MT ro« nenr
(Bins rotUSMHS CO. DlWa* Sum. OdfcU U
make good your advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couplo of weeks
' out in the open. We offer yon
a splendid selection of Fishing Tackle, Rifles. Cartridges,
Clothing, togethor with th*
usual Camping Requirements.
The Complete Sporting Ooods
61WS0 Hastings Street West,
LU»U,J.il WOiiiEKS  or
THE 0. B. V.
$2,00 PER YEAR
nit of the O.B.U.
,50,000Jn 1920;
Camp 9
Union camp, but not yot conforming to union standard. No
place to wash or dry clothes. Bath
house.and dry room built, but no
one knows when the fittings will
be Installed. Pood fair, but there
Is considerable room for improvement in the general conditions.
Cannot ba recommended as a good
oamp to go to.
McLeod's Camp
Conditions In this camp are
poor. One bunkhouse 40 l'eet long,
doublo bunks and top bunk on one
side; one bunkhouse 40 feet long
with single bunks. Floor made of
rough lumber and full of holes
where your foot will go through.
Only ono wash boiler holding 8
gallons for 60 men to wash their
clothes in. Men working ln fire-
burned timber and no place to take
a bath. Cook house fair. No bath
or dry room, and camp has been
running for three months.
Booth's Cftinp
Condltlona pretty fair for a new
camp. Not through building yet.
Only eight bunks to a bunkhouse.
No top -bunks. Now building wash
room and bath house.
Gorit sad Andrews' Camp
Small camp. Bo- .3 $1.50. No
t$p bunks. Oood cof*. Seventy-
five milos from Ocean Falls. A
bard place to got out If anyone
gets hurt, aa the launch Is often
away for a week and sometimes
longer.   Eighteen men In camp.
Axel Llcf's Camp *
Orub pretty good. Accommodation rotten. Bunkhouse 14 by 28
with 24 men ln. No wash house or
bath room. Nine-hour day. Pay
once a month.
Camp f
Camp just being opened up;
28 men in camp. 26 In union. Top
bunks being done away with, and
blankets will be furnished in the
course of six weeks or two months.
Camp still under construction;
bath house provided. Fay monthly.
P. G. * E. j
O. Ericksoii's Tie Camp
Tho camp conditions are very
bad. Food poor and sanitary requirements absolutely illegal; bunk
houses mado of logs 30x16x6; two
feet from the top bunks to the
roof; room for 22 men. While
crews are known to have beon
aent up there, and had to wait
two weeks, while paying their own
board, before they could start
work. Wagea $5.60 (10 hours);
board, $1.20.' No blankets furnished, 76 cents per meal on the
road. The prioe for making ties
is 18 cents (ln string) all brush I
to be piled, Timber vory bad.
Fifteen per cent, of ties out held
tor Inspection. Majority of men
vary willing slaves, other men are
warned not to ship up there.
Camp 3 I
Meeting held in camp; eighty:
man, 45 men in the union. Tho
company had discharged the dole-
gate and camp committee, and,
meeting was called to consider the
matter. Committee was appointed
to Interview the foreman to get
his reasons for firing the men.
His explanation waa not very satisfactory, and lt was moved that
a strike vote be taken. The men
discriminated against spoke against
a strike, as they considered it waa
better for the fellow worker on
the jot) to adopt tactics to bring
tho company to time, and that did
not penalize the men themselves.
Tote taken was S2 to 14 against
A -Tike.
Conditions In tho camp aro not
.rvy good; they still have a Chi-
nt . cook and flunkey, and cannot
Ret Ulb'T-tur. in.
EumniiiUnd  1 Co. Prlnoo-
Ten-hour u»; *»  work
18 hours; no barn n___ and no
bull cook, Hlffhttol wagea paid.
$4.60. Fires all delegatea and
union men. Sanitary condltlona
Totten, and should be Inapeoted.
No use getting the sanitary ln-
apector for that district. Crew
composed of Chinamen, Japs,
bome guards and married men.
Cathels ft Sorenson
The company has built a new
bunk house since tho shut down
on Nov. 1st, and have installed
new iron bods and new first-class
mattresses. The old bunk houses
have been remodelled and have
new wooden bedsteads, which are
movable, and have been painted.
The old bunk houses also have
new mattresses throughout. The
buildings ore first class, and nre
lighted  with electricity.
yln the bunkhouse; double bunks,
double deckers and muzzle loading. Two windows in the bunk-
houso about 24x24. No ventilation.
No wash house and no toilet.
Slaves starving. A good pace for
somo aristocratic matron desiring
to rest up after overeating. Camp
delegate fired for asking for better
conditions, IB
Faulkner's Camp
Camp conditions rotten; 56 men
packed in two small bunkhouses;
no ventilation; toilet facilities rotten.
Sioux,   Irtuikout,   MeDougall   Mills
Bunkhouse small and dirty-
Washing accommodation very
poor. Double-decker , bunks with
old filthy mattresses. Small ventilators In room. Men have to walk
sideways past stove, it ts so close
to seats. Toilet full of filth. Men
using pig pen. Two small electric
lights for bunkhouse. Charge 50c
per month for blankets and SOc
per month for mail. Company
store.    Poor grub.
Morrow Camp
Bunkhouse 50x30 feet. About
60 men. Pole bunks and hay.
Dirty blankets. Muzzle-loader,
double-decker bunks. Grub fair.
Kitchen staff sleeps In dining
room. Big poker game overy
night. Geo. Jones, flunkey, put
skull and crossbones on the kitchen
door, stating thot the O. B. U. Is
dead, Very intelligent person. Majority more Interested in gambling
than conditions. Some craft union
men from Winnipeg. Very apathetic about O. B. U. logging
Greer's Camp
Logging outfit. Bunkhouse 60x45
feot. Pole floor and bunks all
double-deck muzzle-loaders. Too
small skylights and one small window in ond of bunkhouse; so dork
havo to light matches In day time
to see way about. Clerk has to
have a flashlight to seo who is in
the bunkhouse. Stovo badly cracked and bunkhouse very cold. Grub
good. Kitchen and dining room all
together. Drinking wator bad.
Slops run Into small lake, which
stagnant, having no outlet.
Mostly piece work here. Several
men ln union. Good delegate here.
Mr. Streot, clerk, very Important
person.' Doesn't like union. Between 70 and 80 mon here.
Mcintosh, ont.
Davis Company
Tie   camp.    Bunk   house 40x25
feet.    Polo roof, floor and bunks
hay as usual.   Grub poor, no sugar
part of the    time.    Three miles
from station.   Ten men in union,
also a delegate.
- National Timber Co.
Camp getting into good shape;
employer doing all ho can to bring
the camp up to tho first olass standard; food good. When tho camp
Is properly running, and the equipment installed, lt will be equal to
any on the coast,
Murdoch ft Co.'s North Camp
Conditions    rotten;    bunkhouse
10x42x8 and built ot loge; t& man
Llndqulst's Camp; Sun, Contractor
Tie camp. Very clean and comfortable. Good grub and good
bunch of boys. Boss In favor of
union. All very friendly. Good
timber. Seven miles from track.
Good road In. Delegate In cnmp,
Peterson's Camp
Tie camp. Ten miles from track.
Cold and pole floor. Grub excellent. Cook old B. C. logger, also
delegate. Sub-contractors, Peterson ahd Sorenson; friendly. Good
timber here. Good bunch 'of
O. B. U. -men ln eamp. Boosters,
Rankin's Camp
Small tie camp. Grub poor, timber poor; sucker camp; very hay
wire. About 20 meu. Conditions
as usual, rotten.
Bawlp Headquarters
Bunkhouse fair. Grub good.
Hostile to union. Only a few men
In camp.   Delegate here.
Sliarpe and Wilson
Camp small and crowded. Polo
floor, roof and bunks. Grub poor.
Tie outfit. Quite a number in union,
mostly Swedish and Finnish workers; the others careless, mostly
pralrio chickens and city boys.
Delegate here.
Taggart Tie Camp
French   foreman.   Hostile   run
delegate.     Rotten   camp.    Hardly
any floor and stumps ail through
This Is a govornmnet job building a dam for the hydro-electric
power. Conditions rotten. Bunkhouses 20x22 feet wtth 20 men and
more to each. Double-decker single beds. Wash and bath house-
Wash dishes black with dirt. Table
dishes chipped and grimy. Ten
hours per day. Lots of stool-
pigeons. Very hostile to O. B. U.
Fire all delegates. Semi-monthly
pay day. Pay In cash. Hiring and
firing men every day. Bull Hector Alexander very faithful to his
masters. Pulled down all stickers
and destroys all literature. Big
Monte Carlo running full blast, although thero are supposed to be
stringent laws against this game In
Ontario. Grub very poor. Good
place to stay away from. Between
800 and 400 men here.
In all above camps there Is a
big poker game and sanitary act
Is consistently Ignored.
Stewart's Tie Camp
Camp fair. Board rotten. Sugar
once a day. Bosses unfair and
hate the O. B. U. Whsn delegate
camo to camp and started to get
activo some etoolpigeon na  over
to tho office and told the boss.
When the delegate put somp stickers and other literature around the
big boss himself came in the bunkhouse and said, "I want to know
who put that dirty paper on the
camp walls. I will Bend him to
jail for ten years." He pulled down
all the stickers and other literature and warned' everyone not to
put any more up, Every time the
delegate puts up some stickers the
scaler and timekeeper tear them
Fellow workers, stay away from
this camp and others owned by
Stewart, Roblllard and Smiley. The
conditions at these camps are such
that it is impossible to stay very
long In them.
In the Fort Frances district a
number of delegates have bcen
flred in seyWtil of the Shevlln &
Clarke logging camps. Such actions Bhould not in the least discourage the members. When that
happens the union men Should at
once get together and elect another ln his'place, who will send
In and get supplies from thc district offlce.
Conditions In these camps are
rotten. Ten hours; wooden bunks,
pole bottoms; hay for a mattress,
In some camps brush; no floor under bunks;   bottom  bunk only  18
inches from ground. In one camp
last fall there was water under
the bunks, which .was foul. No dry
room or baths. No place to wash
clothes or drying room. Sixty-five
men in a bunkhouse 44x16 feet,
which Is only 9 feet to ridge pole.
Doctor's fee $1 per month. If ever
a district needed organizing this
does. It often happens here that
most of the members are hot English speaking tn a camp, and somo
of these aro kicking about   poor
delegates. Where that happens,
the men who can't talk English
very well should get together and
tell the delegate what they want
If he doeB not satisfy them, then
ohoose another; don't leave it all
to him. He Is your agont and must
do what you want him to do.
Papers aro being sent In to each
oamp by mail. Some times it happens that the secretary has not the
name of a man ln that camp, In
which case he tries to send them
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thompson....Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0 .J. L. Peterson Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. C Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B. C. R. Barrow General Delivery
Princeton, B. 0 R. S. Baxter Box B
Pringe George, B.C...F. Knowles Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 J. Stevenson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta C. Berg .,..10333—101st St.
Prince Albert, Sask...W. Cowan 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont. T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont. ....R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont.....T. Mace Box 390
Webster Hall
in by hand. We are now sending
ln Finnish and Ukranian papers aB
well as English. In one camp—
Camp 2, 8. ft C. Co.—the men
wanted to get their wages fixed at
166 per month straight. The company has been paying 166 if he
slaved until spring, but only $60 if
he quit before. It resulted ln 81
men quitting nnd'-Wages are as before. More vigorous action Is needed than that lf we are to accomplish anything, A proper meeting
should have boen held and some
ri' ''sion on.' wny or the oth
come to. If the delegate under'
those circumstances does not act.
then call a meeting yourselves urn'
chew it over. The union Is behind
you. Merely to walk off, sneorei'
at by the boas, will not get you
We had a visit, in town here on
Wednesday, 14th, from an organiser of the Lumberworkers A. V. of
Jj,, in which organization the local
mill men are organized. He talked
for half an hour, but really said
nothing, and wound up by promising this in the spring.
There are a number of cards In
the ofllce which have been returned. The owners should send In
their addresses or get the delegate
to do lt. When In town call around
at the hall, you can probably take
some papers with you when you go
out to camp again, and when you
Statement for December,. 1910
Dues  .'$     68.00
Fees        14.00
Delegates' remittance .$280.00
Less commission        44.60
District members          20.00
Striko fund collections          24.00
O. B. U. folder  .20
Cash credit November 30     $      6.41
Wages    60.00
Rent  25.00.
Stamps and oflico supplies  9.36
Printing    i f 37.50
Striko relief  ?.S0
Organization   27.80
Balance on band December 31  >... • 217.14
Prince albert district
Statement for December, 1019
Dues  .$     13.00
Fees   6.00
Delegates' remittance   $233.70
Less commission   <,, - $54.00
Less expenditures ....'.     6.45
O. B. U. buttons sold  3.50
Headquarters advance for Ontario organizers      200.00
Balance on hand November 30      398.71
Wages     $   135.00
Heating   18.00
Light account ■ 2.43
Stamps   33.75
Office supplies .'  6.70
Organisation     72.20
Delegate's expenses to convention j. . 125.00
Ontario organizers i  200.00
Work on office  4.00
Bank charges '.  2.65
Delegate's commission paid  .60
Balance on hand December 31 ,  193.23
Statement for December, 1919
Dues $     86.00
Fees   '  2.00
Delegates' remittances $1,102.10
Less commission $72.50
Less expenses   81.95
District members - <         9.00
Advance from Vancouver       82.00
Wages ■  160.00
Rent    ,  15.00
Light account   >  .i 2.60
Heating     , 36.90
Stamps and office supplies  ■ 34.40
Organization    ^. , 414.80
Telegrams, etc. , .i 18.05
Cash on hand December 31   446.00
Statement for December, 1919
Dues    $   295.00
Fees          24.00
Delegates' remittance , .i $161,00
Less commission   ■  $22.00
Less expenses  ,, 10.00
Chase strike collection ,..,-.,. , , , . ,i, .        1.00
Merrttt district, balance on hand        15.60
Cash on hand November 30      483.76
Wages ■.. <..:   $   190.00
Heating  - .; 16.00
Stamps ... .i i'■ 5,00
Organization expenses , 48,60
Rent        ••> ' ti 35.00
Electric light account .•*-,....: 3.00
Equipment  (stove)  S.00
Telephone account u 8.20
Fer capita tax remitted to headquarters .,.,.<,•! 228.50
Cash on hand December 31  : 411.06
Statement for December, 1910
Dues     $ 131.00
Fees  ' fat* *■• 21.00
Delegates' remittance ,« 466.00
District members  17.00
Chase atriko collection ■ 47.00
O. B. U. folders sold i  6.00
O. B. U. buttons sold  11.96
Litoraturo sold  , 8.00
Balance on hand November 80 .................. 764,11
Wages      ...tr..'. ... tUHi«r>i« un ........,* v«i    $    140.00
Rent  ••• »*...•«•« m: • « 11.00
Heating '**-. :*..*•*.<»...,..,*•>»•..«..*«*•.......i •> f.oo
Delegates' expenses to convention advanced ... 140.00
Organization expenses ,  25.86
Office supplies  10.25
Electric light account <  1.35
Bank charges  3.86
Telegrams -. ;  3.50
Winnipeg defense fund remitted  10.20
Fer capita tax remitted to headquarters   289,00
Remitted to headquarters on account  : 600.00
Balance on hand December 31    260.06
Statement for December, 1919
Vttaf,, $     15.00
Dues       278.00
delegates' remittances      604.15
p. £. U. folders eold    8.25
h.ji. U. buttons sold  3.35
SVMplpeg rund   •      28300
Chi.]se strike fund collection         28.00
Subscription to Federatlonist   2.00
Refund from Nels Acton   ,  5.00
Casji on hand November 30   '....,      431.38
•j ^.Expenditures—    - ,     $1,508.63
Wsfces        $   280.00
Rettt     .-  15.00
Equipment (chairs)     19.20
Printing and signs   39.80
Jiirtitor's supplies   . 1.45
Eloctrlc Light Account  ... .<  1.80
Heating      18.85
Postage and telegrams  30.20
Office supplies .'  1.70
Organization expenses    32.00
Chase strike expenses   178.00
Winnipeg defense fund remittance  198.00
Remitted to headquarters  248.00
Cash on hand December 31   ,  443.98
Statement for December, 1019
Dues $   433.00
Fees        19.00
Delegates' remittance  $698.96
Less commission   $76.00
Less expenses    1.60
Chairs sold   ,  .       2.90
O. B. U. buttons sold         79.05
O. B. U. cards sold  1.50
Collection for convention .'        40.00
Winnipeg defense fund      461.50
Chose strike collection   , ■      50.00 .
Kimberleyistrlke collection  2.00
Cash on hand November 30 ... .>.      884.87
Wages  $   167,00
Electric light and telephone    12.25
Ofllce supplies     ,  4.16
Stamps i  9.00
Cranbrook Courier account   i 7.75
Organization expenses  8.80
Kimberley strike fund remitted   30.00
Chase strike fund remitted   28.26
Bank charges     4.17
Winnipeg defense fund remitted   400.00
Remitted to headquarters    1,000.00
Cash on hand December 31   ■  924.90
Statement for December, 1919
Dues        $181.00
Fees          22.60
District members        22.00
Balance on hand November 30       129.00
ImXiI $364.50
,1^, ^Expenditures—
Wages         $   160.00
Rent     ;. 4.00
Electric light account i i 1.45
Heating t 4.25
Stamps and offlce supplies i 4.85
.Organization  7.46
Balance on hand December 31 .> 172.60
Statement for December, 1919
|iQueB     •	
Delegates' remittance $219.60
Less commission       13.60
District members    ,
O. B. U. folders sold ........
O. B. U. buttons aold <
Literature sold   	
Cash on hand November 30
'  Expenditures-
Office supplies	
Transferred to C. L. C. and M. L. U	
Rebate of delegates' remittance  ,
Per capita tax remitted to headquarters .
Empiro Publishing Company account ...
Balance on hand December 81	
Re Convention
Editor The B. C. Federationist:
Aa one of the delegates to the
late convention, may I be permitted to offer an opinion ahd urge
all members to drop all further
discriminations and personalities.
A charge was made several times,
both In oommlttee and In convention, that there waB a machine at
vork trying to'run the affairs of
the union by a small clique. Tho
absurdity of that is shown by the
.'act that, the delegates from the
interior, at any rate, no two had
known each other for more than
four days prior to getting on the
train for Vancouver; at least that
was the caae with the Cranbrook
men, who had not met each other,
or the members of other districts
until arriving at Vancouver.
The facts are, fellow workers,
there were two machines at work
only with the original machine, a
get there, see that you elect a delegate on the job.
With a littlo effort we can remedy the rotten conditions in this
General Items
Those contributing $10: J,
Those contributing $5: W.
Fraser, P. Welsh, J. Geeson, A. G.
MeDougall, T. Mclvor, D. Namlll,
F. Compaler, Pete Cameron, C.
Doyle, F. Wright, J. Nelson, M.
Walker, F. Coburn, R. Hale, R.
Roberts, H. Scott, A. McLeod, W.
E. McGee, T. Duscoll, J. McDonald,
E. Hendricks, G. Bourgols, P.
Holden, A. Taylor, M. McQurde, J.
Eaton, J. Edmark, A. Kennedy, W.
Autis, W. Murphy, R. M. Dillon, D.
Butler, J. Thofburn, J. A. Corbett,
A, Dunning, A- Med ill! vary. H.
Austin, P. Revoy, H. E. Ives, E.
Those contributing $3: V.
Cripps, J. Bush, R. J. Carmody, D.
Michelle, F. Compaeu, F. Sedgwick,
J. Corby, G. Cook, C. Frleserra, C.
Those contributing $2: S. Kna-
patad, F. Strong, G. Lapolnt.
Fellow Worker G. P. Little was
killed on December 29 while work
Ing tn the woods near Smlthers,
B. C. The tree he was felling
struck a dead tree which was leaning towards him, and broke it
loose, the dead tree falling and
striking him on the head. He was
killed instantly.
He was au ex-soldier, having
served three years in the war. The
G. W. V. A. took charge of the
funeral, which took place on
January 4, 1920.
cog slipped somewhere, and lt was
defeated by the machine, which
will always finally overthrow
treachery, either individual or col*
lective public opinion. Tho con*
ventlon Is over, now, so let us got
down to brass tacks and work together, not against each othor.
That is playing the big follows*
game, and we wilt gain nothing
by keeping old scores open. To
the defeated I say, "Take your
medicine Uke men," To the rest,
"Quit you like men; be strong."
Tours for unity,
Jl R. F.
While I will admit that tha
Lumbermen's Association may ba
composed of smart men, yet their
Idea, of a man to handle their employment office does not ahow very
good judgment when they choose
a man that has been on the backs
of the working claas all his life.
There aro citizens of this country
who have fought for the country
and are still unemployed who are
quite competent for the position.
Delegate 847.
Tho address of Forsberg. Anyone having this information will
kindly communicate with tbe B. C.
Loggers' Union, 61 Cordova Street
West, Vancouvor, B. C.
In Thc Federationist on Jan. 2,
a contribution to thc defence fund
was credited to Smith Dollar
Camp, Union Bay. This should
have been Smith Dollar Camp at
Port Moody.
The address of the following
members: T. L. Libby, A. Shaw
(P. S. 183), W. Zarenski (228),
W. II. Anderson, Joo Morris, ,).
E. Mltcehll, H. Wilson, F. ABslIn,
H. H. Murphy and W. Forsberg.
The present address of Clarence
Fanning, who In 1917 worked at
Green Point Rapids. Any one
knowing same please communicate
with Vancouver headquarters.
From tho flnanclal page of the
Vancouver Daily Sun the following gem Is taken:
"Many of the logging companies
are now operating on the contract
basis with their men. Wages by
the day is becoming a thing of the
past, and the men claim that as
they have to stay out In the
camps anyway they might as well,
be working and making more
money. This system Is doing much
for greater production of lumbor
and the men appear better satis-
One wonders who the Sun really means when It says that tha
men appear better satisfied. I presume that they must mean tha
companies, particularly In view of
the fact that tho Lumber Workun
the fact that the lumber worker
Is neithor treated nor looked upon
as a man.
There Is no doubt but that the
companies are better satisfied because the piece and contract work
system Is the most efficient method
of exploitation'that has yet been
devised by the efficiency experts of
the master class. If it redounds
to the Interest of the boss lt Is a
cinch that it can never work out
for tho benefit of the workers. In
fact the Sun Itself admits that It
Is In the Interest of the boss to get
the work done by piece work or
contract when it says that it le
doing much for greater production. When a man produces moro
commodities and only consumes
the same amount as usual it Is certain that tbe boss must be making
more profits out of the hide of that
man. Some of ub are awaro of tho
fact that the lumber kings are going to make tbe attempt to have
all their work done by piece work
In order that they can reap as
large, a harvest as possible while
the lumber boom is on. They will
probably start the scheme by giving a larger price for pieco work
than usual In order to get going
good and get the Idea Implanted
in the workers' head that he is
making "big money." But aftor
they get going good down will
come the price until the slaves will
hnvo to wnrk their hr>ads off to
make an existence. This scheme
also keeps up the bosses' profits by
eliminating the need of having so
many slave drivers (foremen). The
workers will drive themselves. The
contract work Is like tieing a carrot to an ass' head so that lt hangs
about six inches from his nose. The
ass will chase the carrot but never
catch up with it.
Fellow workers, do not sit
meekly by and let the boss put this
over on you. Personally I do not
Vnow wblch is worst tho blacklist which Is run by the Logger^
Employment Agency under tha
able management of Hicks, or the
contract and piece work. They ara
both to be fought for our own protection and it la'never advisable ta
put off until tomorrow what cat
be done today.
—J. M. C.
I also had occasion to buy a working shirt,
And in doing so chose a color that would not show the dirt;
Though what motives had impelled me to take sueh steps as those,
Are not easily explained away, but are plain to thoae that know;
For I'm not opposed to cleanliness nor adverse to hygiene;
I hasten to make reparation as will readily be seen;
The first time that I washed lt and held it to the light
The sight that 1 boheld, it was a holy fright.
I could read the evening paper, and If 'tis not too much to say,
Make out thc great dipper, though it's a million miles away;
I drew my own conclusions, my deductions they were those:
It's the starch that stiffens prices when you're buying shoddy clothes.
From recont observations which may tend, to poetry,
Some Incandescent reflections on thc problems of the day,
I've studied economics from a practlcaifliolnt of view,
And gave special consideration to the life of a logger's shoe.
In pre-war times the span of life was measured by   tho year,
And from conseravtive estimations was not considered dear,
But by some queer coincidence which I cannot help but seo
Conditions ure the opposite to what they ought to be.
While our T-bone steak must needs be of a tender disposition,
Inversely should our footwear be of a tougher composition.
I drew my own conclusions, my deductions they were, that
Our steaks aro cut from leather and our soles are made of fut.
And by-the-way, a hat you say, is determined by tho band
That implies Its maker and all his slock on hand;
But If I may say, 'tis not the way it's falsifying a name
To engrave it on morocco and think 'twill turn rain.
For I've recontly have.had one with a monogram inscribed
That defied all the violence the elements employed.
Names are only camouflage that arc leading us astray,
And home are merely phrases that belong to yesterday.
Though cold facts aro hard to swallow It's only fiction lie,
Thero came a shower of rain and divorced It from the dye.
I draw my own conclusions, my deductions it may bo said,
While I thought 1 bought a headpiece, but paid alimony Instead. PAGE POUh
twelfth year. No. i    THE HRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancobveb, b. o.
.January  at,   1J80
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationlit, Limited
A. B.  WEELB...
Dffiee:   Labor Temple,  405 Dunsmuir Street.
Telephone Beymour 5871
Eubioribtion Bate.: United States and Foreign,
♦8.60 per year) Canada, $2.00 per year; to
unions subscribing in a body, $1.50' per
member per year.
tJnity of Labor: The Hop. of the World
.January  23,   1920
r\ N MONDAY next the 0. B. U. will
V meet in convention at Winnipeg.
For a seven months old infant, the new
baby is a lusty and virile factor in the
Labor movement in this oountry.   The
oare of the infant in
BOMB its   early   days   is,
BUQOESTIONS however, a matter of
fOS THE 0. B. U. vital importance, and
it will not be out of
place to offer a few suggestions to the
delegates to this, the first real convention of the new organization. No organization oan be better or stronger than
the foundation on which it is built, and
while those opposed to the new movement have attempted to bring about its
early demise, we are inclined to think
that it is more likely to be killed by the
kindness of its friends than by the venom
of its enemies. Some of its most ardent
but unwise supporters have hailed the
new organizations as being the means
whereby the workera would achieve their
emancipation. Others again have surrounded it with a revolutionary halo that
doles not flt it. The 0. B. U. was primarily formed to deal with the wage
question and conditions on the job, and at
the same time to carry on an educational
policy in the Labor movement. That is
all it is, and can claim to be. An organization to deal with the usual problems of
the workers on the job, those that claim
anything else for it, such as building the
. new society within the shell of the old,
•re wandering in a maze equal in inten-
lity to that which the average craft
unionist finds himself surrounded with.
X k-   " '■•'■'."     *
Onc of the reasons for the workers in
this eountry deciding to change the form
ti the industrial organization was beeause of the autocraoy, and the official-
Bam in the craft organizations. The basis
of this officialdom on the American continent haa been the per capita tax system. The Labor movement has built up
. n autocracy within itself because of the
tact that thc rank and file did .not control
the finances. The only solution to thit
method of finance in the Labor movement
Is to kill it. It cannot be remedied. It
must be out out lock, stock and barrel,
Ind the finances of the organization become the property of the membership as
i whole. What on earth oan be the
reason for individual organizations, and
segregated funds in One Big Union. If
It is to be one big union, then it must have
one fund,-tnd a universal oard, with universal responsibility, and financial obli-
* * *
There are many supporters of the
0. B. U. in this country that have had an
Impression of Trautman's wheel impressed on their minds. They seem to think
lhat the workers can bc poured into an
Industrial mold, and become members of
one big union. This is, however, an impossibility. To create a number of large
industrial organizations, suoh as tho
Lumberworkcrs' Industrial Union of the
0. B. U., wilt not be the creation of one
big union, but rather the creation of a
number of industrial organizations, such
as the International Mine"Workers, the.
Brewery Workers, and the Mill, Mine and
Bmelter Workers. This was never from
the inception the intention. At the B. C.
'federation of Labor convention held in
Calgary last year the question was asked
If this was the intention, and the reply
was emphatically jio. This form of organization would only be the extension
Df the system of qr aft unions, with a little
wider boundary lines, and would eventu-
. ally lead to the same old jurisdictional
•quabbleg. If the 0. B. U. is to be thc success that its early steps and progress indicates, these matters will have to be attended to, and now is the time to deal
ivith them.
Tho organization of the workers must
be on geographical and not industrial
lines. The lumber workers of this province havo more in common with the miners of it, than thev have with the lumber
workers of Ontario, and the minera of
Ontario have more in common with the
lumberworkcrs of Ontario than they have
with the miners of B, C. The 0. B. U.
should be organized in districts whore the
workers congregate, no matter what line
of industry they follow. In tho event of
any trouble in that industry, then the
teen or workers, both male and female,
in that industry—which, it should be
marked, is certain to be located in some
«iven locality—can meet nt— discuss matters pertaining to themselveB. For example: The workers in Vancouver and
district should form onc district of the
D, B. U., irrespective of the industry they
arc engaged in, the workers in the Princo
Bupert district similarly organized, and
iio on all over the province and country.
K a province like Ontario or Britiah Co-
umbia, with scattered industries, such as
mining and lumbering, a provincial organization comprising representatives of
»U the Industrie! ahould be formed for
Ihe purpose of organizing and carrying
cut the wishes of the members. In tha
event of any trouble in any given industry a meeting of those workers could be
ealled to deal with it, just the same as is
done by the minera of the Crow'a Nest
Pass, or in isolated industries, by the men
on the job, thus giving thc men most affected the right to determine their ac
tions, instead of an oxecutive of any organization such as the United Miners or
any other craft form of industrial organization, which may appear to somo to
be paradoxical, but is not so in faet.
* » *
An organization formed oh similar lines
to those suggested would find that a general fund, instead,of the per capita tax
fonn of financial arrangements, would be
not only beneficial financially, but
would remove the danger of officialdom,*
and autocracy in the organization. Each
unit or district would hold all monies collected. Certain prescribed disbursements,
which must be laid down by the membership, and charged to suit circumstances
when necessary, could be mado by such
units of the organization. They would
send to the G. E. B, every quarter a
statement of receipts and disbursements.
By this means the Ot. E. B. would be in
a position to know just how the money
was being spent, and the general membership would also be able to keep a watch
on tbe way in which tho finances, whieh
would belong to the organization as a
whole, and not to the individual unit,
were being disposed of, all this having a
tendency to democratic management.
Tho funds would be liquid. They could
be diverted to any given point when
necessary. We should not then see some
units going out of business because of
lack of funds,.as will be suro to happen
under thc per capita tax system, as the
most powerful units could supply tho
wherewithal to keep theso units alive until they had so organized to take care of
their own affairs. Some will take exception to this method, and say that it is
not their business to keep weak units going, but if they aro to have one big union,
they must forget the demarcation lines
and organize one big union, not a number of small aggregations of the workers. It is either that or nothing but
trouble and eventually a reorganizing. It
may be asked how will the general executive board carry on its work under a
scheme such aa outlined. This is taken
care of in organizations having a general
fund system of finance, by calling on
units that have plenty of money on hand,
and this is again a check on tho general
executive board. The one fact that the
delegates must bear in mind is, that they
are attempting to build one big union,
not a number of industrial organizations.
To do this they must make provisions for
organization in geographical areas, and
establish one common fund owned by the
membership as a whole, and not segregated into separate funds owned by separate units. Without a common fund
there can be no One Big Union, and the
same applies to any attempt to form industrial units of a national character.
Sir George Foster says it is no use
damning the government. We agree with
him, it is damned already, and the next
flection will finish it off. His remarks as
to the need for work will be echoed by
all workera, and if he can only get the
parasite class to do a little, things will be
much better. Work iB fine for the work,
era but purgatory to tho wont works.
OH, what a change has taken place!
Petrograd is no longer a oity of the
dead; there is plenty of food there now,
and the Allies havcxraised thc blockade.
As a matter of fact the blockade had bo-
come ineffective by reason .of the Bolsheviki successes, and the way for
trado was opened to other
s than the allied countries,
hence the climb down. No doubt there
will now be witnessed the greatest
scramble on the part of all nations to do
trade with Soviet Russia, and the same
recriminations amongst them as there
was when trade was resumed with Germany because of the advantage that some
one of them has gained in the scramble.
» * *
It is also announced that the third
Soviet army has dropped the weapons of
warfare, and taken np the tools of production. What irony, what a satire, on
the methods of other countries? What s
glorious achievement for a country that
we have been told was planning to invade — for conquest — India and other
places I Not one of the nations that took
part in the late war has, to date dropped
their weapons and taken up productive
effort. Not one of them can do it, for
thoy cannot trust one another, and they
product only for profit, while Soviet Bussia is producing for the use of the producers and not for individual proflt. The
peculiar part of the press reports of the
week concerning Bussia, is that they contradict all previous stories as to the misery of the people in that country caused
by laok of foodstuffs, and which we are
now told are plentiful, and enormous
amounts aro available for export. On top
of all this we are told of the savagery of
Semenoff's forces, which have aroused the
whole of Trans-Baikalia against the counter revolutionary government, and that a
Socialist government will be welcomed
by the people as a whole.
f »        »
In spite of the reports of the disarming
of the third'Soviet army, the same press
informs us that military men, and Winston Churchill are of the opinion that the
Bussisiis are >" ,nniug to make a meal of
Foland, end to start an offensive on India
in the tpring. On what they base this
idea wo cannot aw, nor can anyone else
who is not strioktn with a fear of tho
spread of democracy throughout the world,
lf we understand the intention of the Soviet government of Russia, thc main objeot
is to establish thc new democracy, free
from counter revolutions, and outside interference, having accomplished that, it
is intended to secure the necessary development of industry under the new regime, and to provide for the people of
Russia, truly a commendable object, How
anyone can think that it is possible for
Lenin to be planning to spread the power
of the new democracy throughout the
world by force of arms after his warning
of the Socialists of all countries, in which
he asked that nothing of a revolutionary
nature be attempted at this time, iB hard
to see, But the spectre of working class
domination of the situation has struck
fear into the militarists, and the imperialistic minded rulers of all lands. There
is no danger, however, of Russia starting
military operations against other countries. Lenin knows that the Socialist idea
is spreading the world over, and it will
not take force to establish democracy in
any country, unless the ruling class at-"|
tempts to stem it by those methods,
realizes that the example of Russia, if an
lowed to work out its own salvation under the new order, will be far more effective than could all the jrmies of thej
* * * „x
Tho Russians do not want war, they;
want peace, and they want it for all people; this, howover, is inconceivable to th.g,
imperialistic mind. Force has always been
their method, and they can seen no other
In this latest scare, we shall shortly learn
that the "news" served up to us is just as
unreliable and untrue, as were the stories
of the laok of foodstuffs and raw materials in Russia.
& The Menace of the Open Bible
We in this country have had so many
American methods lately that the commencement of another does not make
much diffeffrencc. Mr. HcHfmius, a citizen of that great democracy to thc south
of us, has this week appeared before the
City Coxincil, with a new method of combatting radicalism by educational,
methods. After hearing of thc Bed hunts
in the U. S. A. we are inclined to think
that the gentleman in question could find
scope for his activities in thc States, that
is if they are of any value, which we
doubt, as education only makes more
radicals. For unmitigated gall commend
us to some of the bunco artists of America.   Next, please,
According to press reports the TI. S. A.
is not to have all the glory for deporting
Reds. Canada has done her bit, over a
thousand having been shipped out of the
country. ' The methods adopted in this
country are not, however, disclosed, ahd
the people know not what the government is doing. If the United States adopted thc secret method, it might not be looked upon with so much odium by the more
"backward" nations, feuch as Russia. W$
pass the suggestion along for what it is
(By Nomad ln the Statesman)
THE BIBLE is one of the biggest phylacteries made by
those .who oppress the poor.
When I see a man going to church
on a Sunday carrying a big Bible
under his arm, I put htm down,
ln nine cases out of ten,
sweater of labor, a grabber or a
war profltetr. Most of our mll-
| lionaires tn Canada are Sunday
.school superintendents, or, like
Vokes, of Toronto, make much
gain out of publlo contracts.
Viewed at close quarters, they exude hypocrisy, and tha hand they
offer is unctuous in its flabblness.
The Home of Hypocrisy
For generations the ruling
classes In England. have earned
for their country in every land a
notoriety for unsavoury hypocrisy
which still clings to it. These ruling classes resisted the abolition
of slavery, and quoted from Holy
Wyit in support of their contention
that God had ordained a lower
order as hewers of wood and draw,
ers of water to a blue-blooded aristocracy. The church backed
this up by making this lower order solemnly pledge itself to."order itselC lowly and reverently to
all Its betters." When the good
Earl ShoXtsbury agitated for the
abolition of female und child labor
In the coal mines of England—
where they were chained to coal
trucks and forced to do the work]
that Is now done by mules and
ponies—the Bishops in the House
of Lords protested with their
hands on the open Bible.
That the Bible is but a mere
fetish in the eyes of these profiteers and ruling classes is evident
from the ignorance they display
regarding the message it contains
for the poor, the oppressed and
the needy. Now the world Is to be
furnished with the spectacle of a
mammoth Bible, weighing several
tons, to be re-written by the ruling nabobs of England. King
Qeorge, for example, will write
the text—to be specially dedicated to the heathen in Ireland,
Egypt. India; Persia and China.
"Put not your trust' in princes!"
Lord Topnoodle will inscribe In
his best Eton handwriting this
message to his tenants:
"The cattle on a thousand hills
are mine."-
Mr, Lloyd George—with tlie
guilt upon his conscience, of a.
Peace Conference that adds millions of fresh territory to the Empire, that despoils Egypt, Persia
and China, and which shatters the
hopes of a weary world that believed this war was to end. war,,to
establish the reign of justice and
law   as   opposed   to   might,. and
worth, and suggest that the two nations-
get together and adopt a uniform polifcv
so that there will be no jealousy created !.
between tho two countries. It would',** i^'J^TS  tor ?ight' an<
...... .   .   . . w" 'maKo tha world safe for demoC'
a pity if they got into a controversy ag . «•»..» mm
to the lfumbcr of Reds deported, and the
effectiveness of the Red hunts in the ttyp]'
adjoining countries, a ihatter of this ki»<I)'jmag|ne a valn th
might easily lead to international oomplU|i   An<1 °aoa ona _„™_ thc mcrci
racy—will* tako   aa   his   favorite
"Why Ao the Heathen so furl-
'ously rage  together  and  People
The insuranoe companies are
knocking the State insurance proposals
that are likely to be made by the P|q-.
vineial government as a result of the-
findings of the Social Service Commission that is now acting- for the government, and collecting data and the opinions of the people.in different parts of
the Province. Pamphlets are being
widely circulated, most of them being
of American origin, and emanating from
insurance men. Thero is no other olass
or section of the community that can be
interested in thc defeat of state health
insurance, or medical aid and maternity
and nursing pyovisions of any such legislation. Experience has proven that
legislation oj' this nature does not affect
the working class as a class, but does
aid the more unfortunate members of
the working class who by reason of poverty and sickness are brought to the
lowest extremity of distress. It has
also been.proven without any shadow of
doubt, as in the case of Workmen's
Compensation laws, that it is cheaper to
the tax paying community, in other
words, to the employing or financial interests, outside of the insurance companies. These concerns it necessarily
hurts, as the state assumes the business
which they have held so long and made
such a good thing out of. Therefore the
reason for their opposition is easily understood, and the people should take
their American literature and burn it.
That is all it is fit for, anyway, aa it is
full of inaccuracies and nonsense.
Winnipeg is blessed, or cursed, whichever way one likes to take it, with the
loss of daily papers, owing to the action
of the Fort Francis Paper Companjf. The
commercial interests are suffering, so
the press states, and wild rumors are being circulated throughout the prairie metropolis. The company is openly defying
a governmental body by refusing to cofh-
ply with its dictates, by the way this cdii-|
pany is an Alien body, being an American
outfit. Last week we heard of a Winnipeg
Hilk Company refuting to comply with
the directions ol thc Commerce Board1.*
1!ie manager of this company gave eviff-'j
ei'i-e against ttissell in the recout trjjji'
It also, according to the Commerce Board,
sells milk at an unreasonable and unjust
profit. To date, however, we have n*t
heard as to what action Senator Gideon
Robertson, of Winnipeg strike fame, ww.
take. In view of the open defiance of the
government by these two concerns, we 8MJ
hourly expecting to hear of those M
charge of them being arrested for seditious conspiracy, and attempting to overthrow the government. That is, if Gideon's masters will let him, but wc aro
afraid that they wont. The laws of Canada are just, we have no doubt, but wo
doubt the justness of those that are at
times called to put them into operation.
It may, howevor, be that the authorities
do not know of this insubordination. If
that is so our remarks will no doubt on-
lighten them, as we are well aware that
anything we say is very carefully read by
those who are in charge of the enforcement of law and order. The Winnipeg
Citizens Committee is not dead, according
to our information, but just sleeping until the next strike.
words of Holy Writ, a decadent
monarchy and nobility and all the
-Prevoltiiig parasites that pander to
bnsy| the" class idea and fatten on the
poverty of the common people—
the "whited sepulchres" of modern times will oopy the doad letters of a book in whioh they no
longer believo The big Bible—
the -Bible of Morgan and Rockefeller and of tho war profiteers,
will start on its circus performance around the world.
To Canada the Bible of the,Big
Interests will come, and men and
women who would not know the
gentle Christ were He to appear
in Toronto, Montreal or Winnipeg,
will weep tears of emotion as they
hear of the blessings ot the "open
Bible," and they will go home and
dust the family Biblo and plaoe it
in a prominent place and straightway forget to open itl
When this mammoth Bible—
whioh no doubt, will ultimately
rest in J. P. Morgan's Museum of
hoot Souls — reaches Winnipeg,
what a stir it will provoke ln the
citizens oommlttee; Its gigantic
size, weight and skilled craftsman,
ship will bo the ohief pointi of
interest. And then tho handwriting of King Oeorge, Queen Mary,
Prince of Fine Fellows, Lloyd
George Abdul—no, Abdul the
Damned sticks to hia Koran-
Lord Highlow and Lord Balderdash—how muoh moro respectable and Interesting than the writings of Moses, Daniel, Nehemiash,
David or even Christ. It wlU be
a new Bible—so big that only a
Morgan or a Rockefellor can find
room for It in his wine cellar—all
the cellars of the Blg-and-Opon-
Blblemen of Canada being preempted by John Barleyoorn. It
were safo to make an even bet of
a million dollars—knowing I
could not lose what I haven't got
—that no member ot tho anti-Labor Citizens' Committee, of Winnipeg will allow the town cVier.lt
suoh an official exists, to read from
the big Bible. It is not safe to
quote rt-om the Bible or any great
historio documents of the people
these war profiteering times. Men
have been jailed ln the United
States for quoting from the Declaration of Independence. Men
are on trial ln Canada for quoting
from tho Bible—and thi oharge
preferred against them is that of
"seditious conspiracy."
J. S, Woodsworth, one of the
Winnipeg strike leaders now
trial, had thi temerity to quote
from the Biblo, and only the judge
and the jury know' how to mako
tho punishment fit the orime, Believing that' tho Bible was the inspired Word of God, and not written by King Goorge or the King's
chief butler and baker, J. 8.
Woodsworth opened the Bible one
day and saw these words:
' "Woe unto them that decree unrighteous deorees, and that write
grievousness whloh they have prescribed; to turn aside the needy
from judgment, and to take away
the right from tho poor of my
people, that widows may be their
prey and that they may rob the
"And they shall build houses
and inhabit them; and they shall
plant vineyards, and eat tho fruit
of them. They shall not build and
another inhabit; they ahall not
plant and another eat; for as the
days of a tree are the days of my
people, and mine elect shall long
enjoy thi work of their hands,"—
Jtnowing the reputation of Protestant England as the homo ot
the open Bible, Mr. Woodsworth
quoted from the revised version of
James the First. Had he waited
for tho revised version of King
Georgo and tho House of Morgan ho might havo avoided alt
Another Round Vp Takes Place
in   Seattle   for  Alien
Seattle, Jan. 20.—Nearly 400
suspects, believed to be members
of the Union of Russian Workers,
the Communist party and allied
revolutionary   organizations. >
been arrested in a city-wide
round-up by federal city authorities during the last 24 hours.
Complete evidence against many
of the men held by tho Immigration officials ia In the hands of the
department of Justice, and their
deportation  is  expected.
The opinion was expressed that
a majority of those held will be
deported or tried on charges of
criminal anarchy and the advo*
cacy ot violence to overthrow the
Ask your grocer if his clerks otto
in tlie union!
Literary Note
Upton Sinclair announces the
publication this week .of a new
book entitled "The Brass Check:
A Study of American' Journalism."
The work, which Is published by
the author At Pasadena, California, is described as the flrst thorough examination in any language
of the economic bases of journalism. It Investigates the financial
control of American magazines
and newspapers, and the alleged
connection between this and their
editorial and news policies. It is
described by the author aa "a
book of facts; a book packed solid
with facts." Max Eastman, editor
of the Llberatoc, writes: "I could
wish that every honest-minded
American should stop reading his
newspaper long enough to read
this book and flnd out what his
newspaper is." Prof. Charles Zue-
blin writes: " 'The Brass Check'
ought to raise the roof,"
Tlie book contains 448 pages;
price $1, cloth, postpaid; EO cents,
paper, postpaid.
for Friday ud Saturday obtainable
at all our atorea, including tbe two
.new onea at IBS Hasting! Eaat and
'Broadway and Kala.
.SO Chase's Nerve Food  .80
1.00 Henagen     m M
.26 CIihbo's Syrup Linseei
and Turpentine  —,.„„„ .18
.85 Costoria  „ 80
1.00 Burdock Blood Bitten .71
.65 Danderine     ............... .48
1.50 Fellowa  Syrup   .„..„ 1.13
.75 Blsurated   Magnesia  ........ .53
.85 California Citrns Cream ..__ .11
.60 Doan'a Pllla ..—.— „.... .87
.25 Reid'B Cora Curt ..  „ .18
.10 Vaaellne .... „ 06
.60 Orchard White ....'. ......... .84
.75 Carmen  Face  Powder „.™>.48
,50 Mennen's Shaving Cream.. 82
.76 Dorin'a Brunette Rouge  48
.60 Milburne Heart A Nerve Pllla .37
.38 Hold's Laxative Bromide
Tabletl ...-. ■-- 16
.10 Bit -.... .08
.16 Witch Soot Destroyer .......... .18
1.00 Reld'a Burdock b Sana-
parilla —„ .68
.25 Aspirin Tablets, 1 doi, 10c;
8  for  „   SS
1.00-Liquid Petrolatum „-.„.,„™., .60
.50 Boecham'a Pills ................._ ,93
.25 Mennen's Talcum .................. .14
.10 Lavender Bath Soap „...»mH .06
.00 Hind's Honey b Almond
Cream ...—r ™„ ,89
1.75 K. A 8. Hot Water Bottle
No. 21 „ „™ .98
.50 Politico Tooth Paste .  88
Reld'a Manga Remedy, 75s par
*A Delivery from Orandvle*. Mount
Fltaiant ud Fairvlew
Vancouver Drug Co.
 8.TM   StOriS—
405 Hutlngi W Sir. I9«5
7 Hastings W  Bey. 3632
169 Haatinie E Soy. 2031
782 Qranvllle St Soy, 7019
1700 Commercial Drive ....High, 288
Granville aad Broadway ....Ha,. 281,
Broadway and Main  Fair. 4068
"If our patrons only knew bb muoh about diamonds as we do 1" This is our frequent wish, but
it is just a little too muoh to ezpeot, as we havo
made diamonds a life study, and if there is one
thing wc do know well it is diamonds.
Wt offer you not only thi best possible guarantee at
quality, but very favorable value owlnir to our large
purchasing facilities.    Solitalri Diamond Rings trom
0«o. E. Troroy
Managing DJi.
Omnvillo and
Georgia Sts.
Pittsburg, Pa.—The itrlke In
tho steel and iron Industry hai
been declared off. The itrlke
started September 23 laat, aftor a
two-year organizing campaign that
vas jointly conducted by 24 International unionB affiliated with
the A. F. of —    f
Patronize Fed. advertiser!.
How do joa answer yonr telephon.1
Do yoa lay "Hellol" or do yoa aa-
nounc. your nam. « th. nan. el
your Urial II yoa lay "Hrtlo," de
yoa notice how thi pereon calling wlU
then aak, "Ia thlt Mr. Blank speaking!"        »
Why not extend the courtesy of
announcing yonr name in th. Int
placet It elunlnatea th. necessity of
additional enquiry and facilitates year
telephone s.rvi...	
touch of den-
tal skill that
makes thi difference.
FILLINGS made the same
shade as rom own NATURAL
Evenings by Appointment
Dental Nurse in Attendance
Corner of Robson Street
Over Owl Drag Store
Phone Seymonr 6298
Matinee - 2.a0
Evenings  8.20
A hot WEBX
Tke Newest Musical Comedy Sacewi
Wttk Tnuk Kelcey
Other Big restates
Pkoae Seymoar 2181
The Bcnutlfnl Comedy Drain*
"Nancy Lee"
First Time In Canada
23S Abbott Street.
Sunday, 8. p.m.  Doors Open
'     2:30 p.m.
"The Health of a Great Oity"
Soloist—MR.   W.   R.   DUNLOP—
1U0 Owrgia Street
Sanday eerrlces, 11 a.m. and 7.80 p.m.
Sanday achool Immediately following
morning aerrlce. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, i p.m. Fre. reading room,
001-808   Birks   Bldg.
What Abort Eternity?
Worcli piled moantftln high, anlets
•ccompBtiipd br or with ft practical
dmnonstratloa of the objeot aoaght to
be proved, amount to nothing. Ideu
have always ' 'run riot'' on tno qaaa*
tlon of Immortality. All nature, how*
ever, la dumb on tho aubjeot. Bat
considered in Its details Is Immortal*
{tT » "tiling to be desired I In connection with tl are many things la
be considered. Eternity doea not
moan one year, or two, but millions,
billions and trillions—a nover ending,
an alwaya conscious state of existence. Lot ns hope tbat nature is mora
charitable in her Bnal disposal of
mankind. Regardless of consequences,
Nature creates and destroys, rohatlda
and tears down, and with no apparent objeot in view, but. she cannot
restore the doad, for thore her missions ENDS.
* 'Lo as the wind li io fa mortal life,
A moan, a sigh, a sob, a storm. »
—M. Severance.
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SS of thesa or assorted leaflets, lOe:
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Bank of Toronto
Amtrta ont -* 1100,000,000
Doposito  „ 79,000,000
Joint Savingi Account
JOINT Saiiift Aecout mat b.
opened at Thi Bank ol Toroalo
la the nam. ot two or mora
l. Ia then accusal, either
Party ntr aim iheaaoa or' deposit
**™*7.- "* tb. dlferent membera
of a, family or • Im • Joint eoeseat
la oft., t mat connnlenc Iataroai
U pall en balaaeM.
Vaneoanr Bnaekt   •
Corner Hs.tinn aat Gambia Streeta
Branchea it:
Victor!*   Memtt, lln Wetaunster
Our .Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Tire Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
845 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. YLitoter
Oivi a littlo cucourigement to ea
Fellow the Crowd ti -Aa
Patricia Cabaret
One blook east ot Empress Theatre
SMITH, 1. LOVE and thi in
Interpret the latest sent hits, as-
slated by The Bronse Jaxa Bold
Mnatc, 8 p.m. to 1
King np Phono Beymour g854 tn
Dr. W.J. Curry
Mlt* Ml Dominion BniUlag
VANCIODTM, B. a FRIDAY....... January  23,   1920
Our Betters
(By Nemesis)
At one-time, not to tot distant
in the history or our race, all the
necessary work of .production wai
done, and done sufficiently well, by
men who wer. quit. Ignorant ot
, thi   elements   ot   learning.    Tha
I great majority of our great grandfathers did not know .Ven how to
road and write and thi ideas of
life,   good,   bad   and   Indifferent
which they possessed, they had imbibed from the pulpit and from the
actual experience! of their curtall-
id existences.
Taught to Respect
' They had been taught to respect
and obey their betters, namely, the
earth-owners and their satellites,
and unquestionably they carried
out their instruction! and bobbed
before those betters, more dutifully than gracefully on evory required occasion ln spite of ths fact
' that thilr pulpit orators often assured them that all men war.
equal in th » sight of God, and if
I they were so equal, wblch is probably correct, and which they no
doubt believed, it seems td indicate
that our great-grandfathers had
not began to think at all on such
I think I can stat. positively that
no monkey-Ilk. being ever bent
the knee of his tribe who happened
> to have Ills cheek-pouch bursting
with nuts, which shows our grandfathers could have learned something from the apes and that man's
sycophantic propensity is   not    a
1 biological inheritance lt   my   pre-
1 mlse has any foundation In truth.
However, we must not blame our
ancestors for lt one ot them had
dared to keep on his head-wear be-
, fore some pot-bellied autocrat of
his time, his fellows would have
obligingly removed lt for him and
lift a few lumps of aching skin
and nerve in lti place, which wai
tht logic of those days and which
is not altogether unknown ln these
more glorious democratic times.
It wis all a matter ot instruction.    For many generations  had
1 such rubbish been drilled Into th.
minds ot our forebears and so
they bobbed arid bent and bubbled
virtuously before their betters and
dept all th. sounder after having
performed thilr duty io unctuous
iy.   -
Reiteration Chief Faotor
Thi Germans have a aaylng that
reiteration ia the chief factor in
the art of education and then is
much truth in It aa far as fixing
facts or fancies Into the bratns of
the human raci ii concerned,
which, however, ii not education at
all, although It li much beloved by
educationists ln most of our
pseudo-civilizations. Ba this ai It
may, the fact romains that reiteration is a first-class means of fixing
a truth or untruth into the human
mind and w. all are awaro that thc
powers that rult us ara cognisant
or tha fact and utilise lt to their
own advantage.
If Mr. Sweater ti a maktr of
soap and haa money enough to
ploct on every hoarding and In
every paper tht legend "Sweater'!
soap ll the belt sold" f.r a sufficient length of time, so that lt will
meet thi eye day after day, we all
unconsciously accept tk. truth or
untruth and look witk pity and
acorn on the user of another brand,
whloh may, however, bi better.
Now I am a very strong believer
in the course ot conduct (hat kas
been eo assiduously prescribed for
our race through the wbolo of his.
torio .timo, viz:—that wa should
honor and respect our bituri and
exhibit that reipect by certain
signs, Invented for th. purpose, at
every opportunity. And I will as
suredly doit my hat willingly and
Joyfully whin I mtat an altruistic
politician, a parson abaolutely sincere ln his allegiance to his Christ,
or a lawyer with hli faith In human nature undimmed because of
his unswervabl. Integrity, and on
my bended knees thank God I
have met one at last.
What Shall B. th. Measura
But what measure ahall weussf
Then ara several tn ul. today, thi
one moit generally employed hy
our fait deteriorating rae being
ths dollar standard and perversions like Carnegie and Rockefeller
are paraded before our mental
vision u goals as infallible standards, as goal! of etklci and ac
compllshment.    But thli standard
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized . $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up $ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets -...  $460,000,000
590 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei.
Atao branches ia London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Main Oilee—Comer Basting! and Homer Streots.
Conor Main and Hastings Streets.
Comer Granville and Bobson Streets.
Cornor Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Comer Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Comer Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
10S0 Commorcial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Maia Streot.
2011) Yew Stroet.
Corner Bighth Avenue and Main Streot.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kinjswuy Branch and 26th Avenue Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, Now Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens on account on which interest is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
Manager Vincouver Branch
O, W. FKAZHE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. 0.
The One Big Union
Publiihed by the Winnipeg Central Labor'Couneil
Read the News from thi Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $3.00 per year; $1.00 for ilx monthi
Addreu aU communications to
J. Houston, Boom 1, 630 Main St., Winnipeg, Man.
Canadian National Railways
and intermediate points
New Equipment—OUolc* of Routes
•9t_r further outicnlars apply to TOUBIST   b   TRAVEL   BUREAU.   I0S
^^ Vancouver, B. 0,
Named Shoes are frequently mads
in Non-union faetorlei
No matter what its name, unlets
lt bean a plain and readable im.
pression of thia UNION STAMP,
All Sloes without thl ONION STAMP are alwayi Non-union
Do not accept any excuse tor ahience ot th. Onion Staap
i«e annas street, boston, mass.
OOLIjIS M>T»LT, Otssrsl Pmlisal—OHAS. h. ____ Oemtl Ssc-Twu.
United Mine Workers Beaten by
Federal- Government
of America
By a vote ot K3» to 221, the
convention ot the United Mine
Workers endorsed the itrike let-
tlement plan agreed to by the
government and tbelr officials at
Indianapolis, recently. Defenders
ot the settelment insisted that
thtn ttat nothing else to do
alter the Federal govornment determined to use every force at its
command to compel the minera
to resume work.
Secretary-Treasurer Green said:
"With all tha mining communities honeycombed with federal
agent! gathering evidence againat
our men, our funds tied up, every
officer of the organisation threatened with arrest and our women
and children facing starvation,
how, In the name of Ood, could
w» continue the strike 7"
London—Th. Parliamentary 1*-
bor Party has appointed a commission to six prominent members
to go to Ireland and gather the
facta of the situation thin.
Is a false one, for such mea are
materialists pure and simple and
mattor is morely the everchanf ing
envelope ot the realities,' the perishable husk whioh contains the
germ, and their achievement, are
barren outside their own Individual existences And so quit, unworthy of emulation.
Another standard used t. measure th. worth ot a man la the staa;
dard of knowledge which though
useful in a restricted sense, ai In
the economic world, !• unemployable when comparing a man wtth
hii fellowi generally, for all man
measure up about equal in thli respect.
Thii does not mean that th. maa
In th. street knows as muoh about
medicine aa the physician or aa
muoh about biology aa thi university professor, but that. If knowledge were welglmble each man's
burden would ba mor. equal ln
downward pressure than most
people imagine.
Standard Useless
Ot course some forms of knowledge can be better employed tor
the general good and their possessors thereby may bo of mori
worth to the community, tor it li
obvious that the knowledge ot the
physician is more valuable to mankind than that In the possession of
the breeder of dogs and cats; Juit
as tha knowledge In the head of
one of His Majesty's judges, of the.
always twlstable and often Immoral man-made regulation., can
compare In usefulness with that of
the man ot science with his grasp
of the great Incontrovertible laws
which govern the universe.
But this standard of knowledge
would be quits useless In measuring mankind generally.
The real man is ethical or he Is
nothing—a mere perishable atom
ln a meaningless welter of matter.
The only possible reality, aa far
as he is conoerned, which can persist through and after this mysterious and universal whirling and
pulsing li mind—and mind animated by an all-pervading and all-
embracing love, the Christ love.
There li nothing else, for there
can be nothing else; and all th.
outpourings of a sycophantic press
dedicated to the possessors of
worldly wealth and worldly knowledge are mere inanities—untruths
and verbal crime..
Then in the matter of hat-
doffing the measure of our man
can -ba only an ethical one, and as
love is th. only foundation on
which morality can rest, and on
which all thingi muit Anally and
permanently rest, our standard
must rest on love, and the measure
of our man must be the amount of
work he has done to further the
intorests and the happiness of Mi
fellow men.
Wi cannot then logically and
sincerely do eur hats to the mere
possessors of wealth or knowledge,
a. did our grandfathers, for they
are not in any sense our betters in
spite of the construction put upon
these possessions in our Book of
Common Prayer.
WUT Doff to Ii. D. RasMD
But we may with honor to ourselves doff them to those men who
have devoted their best energies
and the greater part of the little
time which our rapacious economic
system allows them, to thi betterment of their fellow men'i lives;
for - as they have done so to a
sronter degree than we ourselves,
so far are they our betters.
And thinking of such men and
such men alono, I am truly, grateful for that system of reiteration
which in my early days lixed into
my mentality the great virtue of
respecting and emulating my betters, and Judging by the logical
standard of altruism, there is ond
man to whom I am anxious in tke
near future to doll my hat, but at
present he Is languishing as a despised criminal In one of His Most
Gracious Majesty*! dungeons—R.
B. RUSSHLL.     -
lag compeer waat. a cnpsbl. mis
la every town to open branch offlc.
snd msnago salesmsn, |90O to 11,500
OK-.eu.rj. Hindli owa mon«T, .inula
mak. 15,000 jsarly. Propeotij; salss
ia .rsry home. Expanses lo Montreal
allowed when ros qualllr-' Sales »«■••
ger Walker, 129 Wait Notra Bam. Stmt,
Montreal.  ^^^
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
Meals of the Best—Pricei
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
(By Reformer In The Statesman)
THB world has much to unlearn
regarding the root cause of th.
war. Five yetfta ot propagandist activity, with, th. objeot of
stimulating war effort agalnit th.
Central Towers, now ahattered and
humbled in the dust, could have
but one result, lt kept alive th.
spirit of war hate by exaggerating
the crimes ot the allies. Verily
th. world hai much to unlearn!
When miy mankind turn today
for a world made sat. tor democracy? In what country can we
flnd tljp slightest impulse, on th.
part ot -lti governing classes, toward* th. realisation of Its war
Secret Diplomacy aad the. War
The root causes of the great war
were secret diplomacy and secret
alliances. To these may bo added
commercial rivalry and competition In armaments. But it wai
secret dlplamocy and secret alliances that were- th. Immediate
cause of th. war. And for then
the militarists of alt thi great
Poweri must be held to be guilty.
It cannot seriously be disputed
that in July, 191.4, the democracies
ot Canada, England and Germany
had no real desire for a quarrel.
When Mr. Lloyd Qeorge, on the
ev. of th. great conflagration, urged reduction ot armaments, he was
BY Hli
The Cause of Unrest Is the
Class Ownership of M*
chines of Produetion
Comrade Camfleld, In opening
his addreii at th. Brnpren thea-
tr* Bunday night, laid:
The iubjiot which waa uppermost In Uu preu ot all capitalist
oountrlei today wai no longer
"crush thi Kun," "make the
world sat. for democracy," as it
had bsen wm. three or four
yean age, hut how to explain
what Bolshevism was and how to
affect its spread.
If we were to believe the editorial, in the leading papers, it
would seem that Lenin and Trotsky—described by some oa ignorant dreamer, and by others as
Aend. incarnate—were solely responsible for the upheaval' hi Russia in 1917, and kept It alive by
means ot diabolical atrocities, or
else by their wonderful personalities, whereas wo found that at
least 100,000,009 ot the Russian
population were in Bympathy with
the Bolsheviks, and were supporting them; which to any on. taking even a half-way intelligent
view ot society, would prove that
the reaaon of their continued existence must be deeper.
Many effort, of a varying naturo had heen put forth to orusb
the Soviets, and all failed; they
were stronger than ever today,
and their propaganda and Ideas
were spreading to the countries
ot their enemies. One suggestion
was from ex-President Taft, now
president ot the League to enforce peace," who said we should
shoot all th. Botaheviks. This,
however, did not seem to be effective, aa it had been tried in
Russia by the Allied armies tor
over two years. It might be ef-
etctlv. on this continent, where
Bolsheviki wen few, but then the
root cause giving rise to unrest
and the spread of working clais
propaganda waa not removed by
the method of enforcing peace
through the shooting of your opponents.
In the United* States, the present methods were to bava stool
pigeons tn ' every place when
workeri gathered, and to round
up all who dared to attempt any
exposition ot working class interests and deport thom. Even
Sammy Gompers once described
by the Hearst papen as "tho
greateat democrat the world had
ever seen," was recently accused
with being an agent ot Bolshevism by th. Portland Oregonlan.
On thla aid. and in Great Britain,
the well known methodi ot British hypocrisy had been used in
general the old tactics of buying
off labor leaders, and those who
had been prominent in working
clasi organizations to vilify the
Bolsheviks and to side track the
workers in general. To Illustrate,
when the supreme council at Ver-
selllea wished to make peace with
Russia about a year ago, Lloyd
George wished to giv. the impression that they wore doing so
entirely from humanitarian motives, while all the time thousands of women and children wore
suffering and many were dying
solely because of the blockade enforced hy Great Britain on Russia.
(See th. Bulllt report ln Senate
A recent editorial lu the- pr ovine, dealing with the need to feed
the Austrlans, pointed out that
we were obeying the Scriptural
injunction, "If thine enemy hunger, feed him," and although at
that time the blockade ef Russia
was still in existence, and the
Province maintained a truly hypocritical silence on tha subject,
Well, in spite of all, the So
viets continued and the workers
in other ^countries became more
and more restless. Why? Because the cause for unrest was
the fact that a small class in society owned the mills, mines, factories, otc, tn every country, and
the result was more and moro
poverty and misery for the work-
era As long as ws permitted the
class ownership of means of
wealth production, so long would
these conditions remain and the
class struggle would go on increasing in intensity.
The Socialist Party of Canada
was ln existonce to give expression to the class struggle, 'and to
educate the workers' to a knowledge of the hiBtory of slavery,
and the structure of capitalist society, so that the workers themsolves would aot to th'-ir best advantage, and by removing capitalist class ownership of Industry,
help the Rucslan workers who
were struggling and dying largely for us.
giving expression to the feat mind
of the wofklng classes of England.
They had ne quarrel with Germany. Tkey did not nek a quarrel, ..Had the Issues ef peace and
war been decided by a popular
plebiscite in both Germany and
Ehgiand, Instead ot by government! that were committed by secret alliances, it ll ne exaggeration
to aay that then would have been
no war la Europe, The Prussian
war lord and the Jingon et England wonld have been- left to settle
their quarrels among themselves.
Bnt the mea who did the actual
fighting, th. men who marched by
countless battalions Into the Jaws
of Death; this, had no voice ln determining their own fat. or tke
fai:e ot th. world. Germany, In
1*114, wa. blindfoldid and Impo-
ti:>t, the sport ot th. ambltiom ot
financier* armament bullden aad
Merit diplomatist* Democracy
everywhere went into th. war la
chain, bound to the chariot
wheel! ot as Old Order to whom
autocracy waa a. a met milling
aavour, and th. tumei ot war u
aa incense ascending te Heaven.
That the Prussian Junkers eould
not have succeeded ln deceiving tke
German people Into the belief that
they were lighting a defensive war,
but tor th. exlitencs on th. other
side ot secret diplomacy and secret alliance!, must now be generally accepted In the light et documentary evidence made publie during the war. There le no necessity
to wade through the official docu-
ments'of England and Germany In
order to establish this: fact That
then wu no eleventh hour In the
orisis that froie the heart ot
Europe with a terrible fear In that
fateful month of July, tn 1114, Is
prima facie evidence that secret
diplomacy and secret alliances had
accomplished their fell purposes
and that the momentum ot th. war
machines had passed thi point
where peace negotiationi could
avail to save the world from a
permedltated orime appalling ln
ltt magnitude and result!.
Sir Edward Grey's Admission
On August 3rd, 1914, when the
tramp of armed men was shaking
thi plains of Europe, Sir Edward
Grey, .Foreign Secretary, startled
the House of Commons by the admission that as far back as 1901
he had committed Great Britain
secretly to certain military liabilities toward. France. The letter of
thi Foreign Secretary 'to the
French Ambassador on November
21. it, 1912, shows that "from time
to time in recent years the French
aid British naval experts bad consulted together," and had arranged
apian of Joint action in the event
of.ftar. Then was no definite
ti'eajy, be lt noted, but a gentle-
nfan's agreement equally binding.
Theft are such things as "understandings" between nations which
are as binding, and as definite as
explicit contracts. For years before the war  this   understanding
ItlvFrance was the subject of repeated question! in the Houae, but
no definite Information could be
extracted trom the Foreign Secretary or the government. Those
who clamor for the right of Canada to tako a part ln the making
of foreign* policy upon which the
Issues ot peace and war depend,
labor under the delusion that the
foreign policy of England Is an
open book. So long ago as January, 1911, Lord Resellers', speaking
In Glasgow, said: "Wo have entered into, liabilities the nature and
extent of' which I tor one do not
know, but which ore not less
stringent and binding because they
are unwritten, and which at any
moment, so for, at any rate, as I
can discern the signs of the times,
may lead ua into one of the great
Armageddons which sometimes
ravage Europe' and whloh will be
greater than, any war we havo
known since the foil of Napoleon.
A Warning to Canada
If an ex-Premier ot England did!
not know ot the liabilities of his
country towards France what
hope waa there for the fighting
men of England to know tke inner
workings of a secret diplomacy
that already had condomned them
to death ln a war which they had
no part in fomenting? And what
prospect is then for Canadians, In
any future Britlah war, of averting
by their voice the perils te which
English diplomats so callously
commit them and their country?
Behind the back ot Parliament,
behind the back of the English
people, behind the back of the Dominions, Sir Edward Grey and
British ministers entangled all
these peoplei in Continental quarrel! which were altogether apart
from the question al Belgian neutrality, and which applied te the
undefended coast tine on the north
and wost of France. Nor did this
secret "understanding" stop with
England and France. The Franco-
Russian alliance committed England also te the cause ol the autocratic Czar. For that blunder we
an paying la full.
The Effffect on Germany Policy
How did these secret "understandings" affect the cause of
*brld peace? It is not necessary
tr'minimise tb. culpability of the
Prtiislaii war lords ln seeking to
iitlmato the'affect ot England's scire! diplomacy on German policy, While the poople of England
-lta.ro completely ln the dark regarding Sir Edward Grey's military commitments, the secret service ot Germany kept the Kaiser
fully Informed ot all that was hop-
Oehng. Between 1906 and 1910
th'e1 knowledge that the Triple En-
tanle was a movo directed against
(leifmany, led the latter to embark
i pan a more ambitious scheme of
armament building, and thus the
vicious circle that lod inevitably to
war wns established, It is true
that the Prussian war lords flred
tho powder train, but the secret
diplomacy of other great Powers
helped to manufacture the explosive.
The mischief had beon done.
With the outbreak at war It became at matter of life and death
for every nation Involved. Germany committed the great blunder
of overrunning little Belgium.
From that moment her moral
claim to victory was lost. She appeared lu all her ruthleae war
methods as the embodiment of unbridled militarism,
A Great Opportunity
From that moment of Germany's
moral eclipse the Allies had an op
portunity to purge the offence ot
secret diplomacy by war alms based
upon the redemption of mankind
from tke causes that make for war.
TH. civilized World was moved by
th. appeals of Asquith, Lloyd
George, Clemenceau and Wilson
for a better World—a world made
safe for democracy. Sympathy
for oppressed peoples everywhere
followed fast on th* heels of desolation lh Belgium. Pledges Were
openly made that ta future no little nation or homogeneous poople
Would be forced against its will to
live under another power. Self-
determination for aB nations and
all people! everywhere—the reign
ot Right and Justice In the world
—these and other high Ideals were
preached from th. housetops, and
the people everywhere heard and
Ve Democracy tlie Spoilt
Thi war has been fought and
won. We now ask for the redemption ot all tha pledges given te the
men'who weat eut and fought
Not Jalli and 'deportation! for suspected 'alien; not midnight nidi
of working men's hooiM, and Jail
without trial; not tke Old Order
with tta secret diplomacy and ita
went police; not the terrorising
agency ot eaptonaga lawi that
makes every believer in allied war
alma a potential Bolshevist or anarchist; not autocratic government
by mea who have outstayed their
mandates; not coercion and overthrow tt tret speech and assembly
—aot these, but a real democratic
worldl Demooraoy Is the victor.
To the victor the ipollil
The Woihan'» Co-operattvi Guild
of Vancouver has arranged tat
a regular old-time concert tor
January tl tn the Rigg-Selmaa
Building* 319 Pender Street Weat,
next to the Dominion Hall. Thli
Is planned a* a "get together"
social ter th. Vancouver Co-op-
erattv. Society.
Parli—Report! reaching her*
etate that rioting and mutinies
broke out at Toulon, the great
French naval and military base.
The participant! In the disturbance! wer. sallon and soldiers. It
wae stated, who protested at th*
Inadequacy of bread In their food
Don't forgot OUB advertiser*.
ON account of the advancing pricet
of raw materials used in tbe manufacture of Hats, such as hatters fur,
dyes, ribbons, sweat band, etc, we are
competed to slightly advance the price
than sell a Hat we could riot guarantee.
We feel that we would be best serving and satisfying our many customers
by keeping up the well-known "Black
and White Standard of Quality."
Consequently we announce an increase of SOc in our price, winch will
become effective February 1. Between
now and above date you have' the opportunity of buying our famous Hat at
$4.00. After February 1 our price will
be $4.50.
Black and White
Hat Store
Cor. Hasting* and Abbott Sts.
Saturday Suit Specials
For Young Men
No storo is offering such clothing at prices as theso.
Gome down Saturday aad iee the merchandise and sale
prices. They are worth coming for. Every item in this
sale is on display in the windows.
TOUNQ MEN'S OVERCOATS—Some torm-lltting styles, with
slash packets and convertible collars, nme in the belted waist-
seam, and a few belted, ulsterettee with  convertible   eollar.
Some are unllned and some lined to waist and through al«»vw,
with heavy silk.   The regui.tr prices range from   .35.00   to
J42.60.    xho prioe Saturday ii ULSO
BARKHR AJ*D 'MOODY'S L. M. P. COATS) in English rainproof gabardine.   Thla atyle I. a raglaa witk loose skirt and
high buttoning collar.    Lined throughout with plaid lining,
and wind tab! on sleeve*.   Th. price for Saturday ll not as
high as the manufacturer, are asking today for tha sam.
coat.   Regular $87.60.   Saturday 111.75
A SMART ENGLISH QABARniNE TRBNCK COAT With convertible collar and wind take on sleevei.   Silk lining through
yoke and sleeves. Regular price $25.00. Saturday .. .$22.50
50 YOUTHS' SUITS, in smart form-littlng and belted model!,
made of durable tweeds in grey and brown.   Some have tke
popular slash pocket, others have the flap pockets. Everyone Is an extraordinary bargain. Priced from $20.00 to $22.60.
Sises 32 to 54 only.   Saturday  SlS.no
A FEW FIRST LONG PANT SUITS. In the very stylish and
popular waist-seam model, made of brown and (rem novelty
tweeds with slash pocket! and slightly belted sleeve.   These
are realty a remarkable offering.   Th. regular prie. ie $26.00,
Saturday  $18.7.1
Mens Heavy Sox—Great Bargains
Starting Saturday morning at 8:30, a big clearance of Heavy Wool Work Socks of.
exceptional valuo.
NO. 1 LINE—5 dozen Men's Light and
Dark Orey Wool Socks; good value today of 65c per pair. Speeial sale price,
3 pairs for   „ (Mty
NO. 2 LINE—30 dozen English' Heather
Socks; sizes 10 and WY_; regular priee
75c.   Special sale price, 2 pairs....98^
NO. 3 LINE—150 dozen Mottled Cotton
and Orey Union Socks; worth 35c per
pair.   Special sale price, 3 pairs... 60^
NO. 4 LINB-Mcn's Black Worsted
Socks; some slightly imperfect. Special
sale price, 3 pairs for 95^
What!—Stanfields' Silk and Linen
and Silk and Wool Underwear $5.00 a Suit
Stanfield's Underwear, in silk and linen, two weights, silk.snd wool, fine ribbed pure
wool. Some of the garments aro slightly soiled; all two-piece suits or separate garments at less than half the usual price.   Special sale price, per garment _. $2.50
Men, Come to Spencer's for Your Hat
You Will Find That the Prices Will
Make the Trip Worth While
The Brock is a Hat that will appeal to the most fastidious. It is of excellent grade fur
felt, and priced at a lower figure than many stores aro offering it. It is displayed in
all tho various shades of green, Brown, groy and bronze.  Price _ $6.00
The King, for a smart list, has few peers. Made of fur felt, in all the wanted shades,
and lined with silk, in a stylo that is representative of the leading Canadian and American creations.   Sale prico  .......  $7.50
The Wilkinson is a moderately priced Hat that for general purposes cannot be equalized.
It comes in all thc wanted shades, and the latest style*.  Price   $4.00
The largest and most varied stock of Caps in Vancouver is here. Banging in priees
from $1.25 to $3.50. The most cxolusive patterns are in tho very newest shapes, in
Donegal, Scotch and Engliah tweeds, in greys, browns, greens and heathers.
FRIDAY January  28,   1S30
Clearance Sale
All Our Winter Overcoats 20 Fer Oent. Seduction
MEN'S BUBBEEIZED COATS—$25, $30 and $32— *00 *Jt_
to clear at..: 9&£ie I U
MEN'S SHIBTS—Colored Shirts, soft and hard cuffs. *|    A JJ
•   Beg. $1.75 to $2.60.  To clear V1 «W .
MEN'S SWEATEE COATS—A rango at $5 to $7.60.   &A   Cfb
ALL BOYS' OVERCOATS at 20 per cent, discount.
A Big Beductlou ou several linos of Boys' Suits
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Be consistent and demand ttae Union Stamp on your boots and
Shoes. Ttae following local firms are fair to Organlied Labor and
are worthy of yonr patronage and support:
J. Leckio Co., Ltd., 220 CimMo StrMt.
Ktrrey Boot Shop, fil Cordora St. W.—Custom Miking ud Htptlrs.
W. J. Heids, 20 Wfttw Street—Custom Making and Bepaln.
MecLichlen-Taylor Co., S3 Cordon Stnet   Weit—Custom  Making
and Repairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 631 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making and
"Nodelay" Sboe Bepalr Company, 1047 Ora&Tilto Street.
Standard Shoe Bepair Shop, 018 Bobson Stmt.
M. B. Thorns, 266 Xlngsway.
Woods. Ltd., "X" Boot Shop, Cordora and Hastlnga Stmt West.
H. C. Spaulding, 6971 Fraser street, South Vancouver.  ■
O. B. Tunn, 1439 Commercial Drln,
T. Wells, 3761 Main Stmt
P. Paulsen, Broadway %***%
Be progressive, Mr. Sboe Repairer, and get In touch with Seer*,
tary Tom Cory, 445 Vernon Drive.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood 4ot od. year'e lubiflrlptloa te Tk.
B. c. Ftdtnttonlit, will b. mailed te
.ny addreu. ia Gtnsdft tor $17.60.
(Oood anywhere outalde of Vincouter
city.) Order ten today. H.mitJ when .old.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, V. B. Hldjley;
.Iwprelldent, E. Winch; .ecret.ry, J. C.
W«od; treejnrer, J. Sh»w| ..rjejnt-.t-
era., W. A. Al.i.nder; truiteei, W. A.
Frilohird, 3. M.reh.ll, B. J. Fritohird,
B. W. TonngMh.
elt-Hot. leeond Mondsy In th.
■nth. Fr.ili.nt, J. F. McConnell; .eo-
WUry. B. H. Meelmde, P. O. Boi .6.
end Reinforced Ironworker., lteeal 01
_Heeli ...ond ud fonrth llondeyi.
Fmld.nl Jh. Butlnx;' tn.ncUl «ec-
r.t.ry ud trcsurer, Boy lluieur, Boom
HI Lsbor Temple.	
Ill—Meets >t 440 F.nder Street
West, every Hondey, I MS. Pre*
int, H. B. Woodeide. 440 Pender W.;
recording ..eretery, J. Uardoek, 440 Pen-
to Strut W..t; luneiel .ecret.ry ini
tatllM. wit, E. B. VonUon, 440
Pender Strwt Wut: iHUtut ...rettry,
~, B. Borrow*.
In innntl convontion in Jtnntry, Ei-
entlT. officer., 1118-10: Preildent, J,.
KlTtnlgb, Libor Temple, V.ncooTer;
Tlee-pre.id.nta—Vlneonlrer Ialand: Com-
berland, J. Naylor; Vletorl., J. Taylor;
Prines Rupert, Oeo. Caaey; Vancouver,
W. B. Cottrell, P. McDonnell: Now Weet-
minster, On. McHnrphy; Wilt Boot.-
n.y, Silverton. T. B. Boborta; Crow'.
Neet Fit., W. B. PbUllpe, Fernle, W. A.
Bhermtn. Btor.tiry-tru.nnr, A. &
Welle, Ltbor Temple, 401 Dunimulr Bi.
Vtncntor, B. 0.	
Dull of tke 0. B. U.—Meellnii tnry
Mindly, lllO p.m., Libor Temple. Pre-
■lint, V. L. Bent; aecrettry-tretnnr,
W. A. Alaunier, Boom 310, Ltbor Tern-
pit.. Ffcpt., floymoor 8000.
Pit.   Fl
__JL     AND     BESTAOBANl)     BU-
pl.yt.e, Local 10—Meat,  every  Int
Wtiinlty ln tho montk tt 2:80 p.m.
lei miy tklrd Wedneediy ln Ik. month
et I p.m.    Pruldent, John Cnnmlng.,
tacnt.ry ud tmslnua tgant, A, Graham.
Me ui meeting kill, 114 Pender St.
W.   Pkeia tay. 1081.   O«co koen, 8
ta. te I p.r
... Onion—Mnta 2nd ud 4th Frl-
illa, 105 Llb.r Temple. Preildent, W.
Wilton, III! Oranvillo Street; licntUT-
wmwr, P. ]. Snail, 844—881k Avt. «,
Unlu ll the One Big Union—ABlItted
witk B. ft Federation of Ltbor ud
Tucnver Tradu ud Ltbor Council—
A. Indoitrill ulon ot til workon la
Mgiig tnd eonitrnctlon campa. Hold-
•urtan, 11 Cordon Straet Wut, Vtn-
uiv.r, B. 0. Pbono Soy. 7850. . E.
wlaek, mr.ttry-tr...or.r; legal tdvle-
tn, Muan. Bird, Mtcdontli A Co., Vu-
Stem, B. C; tnditon, Meun. Butttr
k Chialt, Timiitm, B. C.	
Aeioel.tton, Loctl 88-52—Offlce ud
tell, 804 Pender Stnet Weat. Meets Int
Ui tklrd Jrldiya, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treuurer, Thnu Nixon; bnalneaa tgent,
F.t.r Sinclair.
Botcker Workmen'. Union No. 848—
■Hit Int ui tklrd Tnudtyt of nek
month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent,
Joke Sltrk; lotnclal eecretary ind bnal-
au. tgent, T. W. Andenon, 687 Homer
tn' Unit of tke One Big Union, Metal
Uferona Minera—Vtneonver, B. C. head-
Vttrtere, 61 Cordovt Street Weit.     All
wtrken engaged in   thlt   induitry  er.
~ g.d to join the Union before going on
l job.  Don't wait to bt orgtniied, bnt
trgulae younelf.
Nortk Americt (Vtneonver ud vicinity)—Brack meet, aecond ui fonrtb
Mondaya, Boom 804 Labor Templo. Preildent, Wm. Hnntor, 818 Tentb Ave. Nortk
Vuconver: flnancla) eecretary, E. Ood-
itrd, 161 Blektrdt Stnet; ncording tec-
rattry, J. D. Buuel), 038 Commareltl
Drive.   Fkon. High. 8304R.
Ftitenere,   I.L.A.,   Loci   Union   8IA,
gerlee 6—Mutt tk. Snd ind 4tk Fridiya
of tke month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Pntldent, William Uaylor; flnanclal tec
rattry ui bnalneaa agent, M. Phelpa;
corresponding iecretary, W. Lac, OBce,
Boom 807 Leber Temple.
Employee., Piono.r Dlvlilon, No. 101
—Meete A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pletilnt,
lit tnd 3rd Mondtya It 10.15 a.m, tnd 7
OX. Pntldent, B. Bigby l recording
aeoretary, T. E. Uriffln, 447—6th Avenno
ttltl tmanrer, F. Sldiwiy: flntneltl
leenttry Ind bualneia agent, W. II. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street: office corner
Prior ud Mtln Sti. Pbone fair. 8604 B,
Maeta last Sundty of etch montk tt
2 p.m. President, W. S. Thomeon; vlce-
prealdent, C. B. Collier; aecrotiry-tntfl-
uror, B. B. Neelanda, Boi 66.
Provincial Unions
tnd Libor Coucil—Meeta Int Hi
tklrd Wedneadaya, Knlgkta ot Pythlta
Ball, Nortk Park Street, it 8 pjn. Pnal-
dent. E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. 0. Pikt; aecntiry-tnwnrer, Ckrlatiu
Blvertr, P. 0. Bon 808, Victoria, B. 0,
COUNCIL; 0. B. U—Ho.ti nary aecond tnd fonrtb Toeedty in the O, B. U.
Bill, corner Sixth tvenue tnd Fulton
atreet, at 8 p.m. Meetinga open to til 0.
B. U. memben. Secrettry-lrcuurer, D.
B. Otmeron. Box 317. Prince Rnpert, B.O.
Phone Sef. SU      Diy oi Night
Nunn, Thornton ft Olegg
SSI Eorner St. Vancouver, B. 0.
A Plea for Toleration
Opposed to Italy Actlnp ns Watch
Dog for French
Bome.—"If Italy io going to
take America's plaoe as watch-dog
for French booty, she is going to
incur the sturdy opposition ot
the Socialists," declared Deputy
Ciccotti during a debate In the
chamber of deputies.
"France," ke continued, "has
made an ephemeral sort of peace
at Versailles—a very poor copy of
the Brest-Litovsk peace. The systematic spoliation of Germany by
England and France Is getting to
the exasperation point, and Involves the danger of a new war."
Pntronlzo Fed. advertisers.
U Ecooomlcal.  Tbe
H carries.-redeemable for nidi
■re a further economy.
Treated Matter as a Joke
When Error Was Pointed Out
(By Geo. Broadley, Regina, Sask.)
So frequent are the complaints
made by Canada's alien population
regarding the lack of sympathy
with them In their struggles to
adopt themselves to Canadian Institutions that one can hardly
blame them for a not unnatural
suspicion that they are not being
given the "square deal," by many
Canadians who make greater demands upon our foreign population
than they are prepared to. offer.
Citizen Grossly Wronged
The disloyal, whether of British
or alien descent, must accept the
consequences of their position and
lt is not for these we plead. But
there are many of our new Canadians who are being grossly wronged, not to say persecuted, whoso
treatment Is by no manner of
means conducive to that respect
for BrltlBh justice and institutions,
which in the past has been a fundamental of our national life.
On Friday afternoon last, January 16, J. M. Parker, M. h. A. for
the constituency of. Touchwood,
Bosk,, during a discussion in committee, on the estimates, in the
Saskatchewan legislature, drew attention to a case which is so manifestly a maladministration of just-
Ice, that it received the sympathetic
reception which such was obviously entitled to receive.
Daughter Left on tlie Street
It appears that Andrew Bliant,
wbo Is a Hungarian by birth, and
has resided near Lestock, Sask., for
eeveral years, was passing through
the city of Regina on or about November 8, last, on his way to Kipling, Sask., where he had purchased a half section of land. While in
the city he was arrested by a Dominion policeman, taken before a
local magistrate, lined $15.00 and
$5.00 costs and released on payment of same, with a certificate of
Although Mr. Bliant was not sufficiently familiar with the English
language to dofend himself, he was
accompanied by his -ten-year-old
daughter, who was able to converse
Intelligently ln English, who protested that her father was a Canadian citizen, having obtained his
naturalization papers in the Regina
Judicial District on the 7th of June,
In spite of his protests, however,
he was placed in the R. N. W. M.
P. barracks, while his daughter was
left to roam the streets; until she
was' Anally taken care of by Chief
Bruton of the city police, who took
upon himself the responsibility of
relieving the girl's predicament by
letting Bliant out on ball. The following morning Bliant was arraigned before Police Magistrate Heffer-
man'and fined as above indicated.
Treated as a Joke
According to Mr. Parker's statement before the members of the
legislature, he called up the captain in oharge of the southern division of the R. N. W. M. P. and
questioned him about the cose. The
police officer looked up' the files
and found that the charge hod been
laid and the fine Imposed. When
informed that the accused was a1
naturalized citizen the police official replied: "The joke Is on Helf-
A "Joke" forsooth! Britishers
boast of their fair play and have
long enjoyed tho reputation for a
larger vision in the love of liberty
and the square deal. But to treat
such Injustice as a "Joke" can only
result In feeding the fires of hate,
which the late war has been all too
successful in kindling. Canada's
problems can never be settled ln
this crude and unsympathetic manner. As President Wilson so sanely
observed: "The only way to keep
men from agitating against grievances Is to remove the grievances,"
and another has said: "Mercy is
twice blessed; It blesses him who
gives as him who takes."
A Patriotic Citizen
What makes the case all the
more apparently unjust Is the fact
that Mr. Bliant, during the war,
proved his. loyalty on many occasions by making collections for patriotic purposes, amongst his fellow
countrymen; in addition to the purchase by himself and his friends,
of Victory Bonds,
It Is to the honor of Mr, Parker,
who, by the Way, is an active member of the Horse Lake Grain Growers' Association, that he had the
courage to bring the matter before
the legislature and has expressed
his intentions of fighting for redress to his constituent, lf It takes
ten years, The matter Is also being taken In hand by a solicitor at
Melville, who has already taken
the matter up with the department
at Ottawa and following the complaint made before the provincial
legislature by Mr. Parker, Attorney
General Turgeon promised to kave
the case Investigated and a report
on lt obtained from the magistrate
who sat on the case.
The New Ropublic, commencing
on the findings of Mr, Justice
Holmes, who dissented from -the
decision of his colleague's of #he
United States Supreme Courf|in
the case of Jacob Abrams et &A.\
ve, the United States, says' 'in
part: ~*f j i
"He does not commit himself
to the Impossible doctrine tnat
the prohibition of laws, 'abridging freedom of speech,' will hamper Congress in 'punishing speech
that produces a clear and imminent danger that it will bring
about forthwith certain substantial evils that tho United States
constitutionally may seek to prevent,' but he contends that it is
'only the present danger of immediate evil or an intent to bring
it about that warrants Congress
in setting a limit to the expression of opinion where private
rights are not concerned.' He
does not discover ln the 'poor
and puny anonymities' of the two
leaflets any sufficient tendency to
produce such a danger. While
he admits that the circulation of
the second leaflet, If published for
the purpoca alleged in the fourth
count of tho inidctmem might
be punishable, lie 'can not find
tho Intent required by the statute
in any of the defendant's words.'
His conclusion, consequently, Is
drastic and severe.    In his opin-
freedom of speech, as expressed
by the supreme court itself, is in
danger of sacrificing the benefits
of liberty to a headstrong impulse to. cure its abuses. We are
seeking a remedy, not in a temper which is top self-possessed to
be stampeded, and which is willing ot stand or fall by the facts,
but in repression, and in impatient denunciation. Administrative officers and the courts, Instead of patiently estimating whether or not the expression of an
opinion which, as patriotic Americans, they may loathe, is or is not
an imminent and actual danger
to social order, prefer to repress
all suspicious utterances, and to
inflict savage punishments on the
perpetrators. We are acting on
the snpposition that every utterance which expresses hostility to
the social establishment, and
which may possess a tendency or
be promoted by a purpose to undermine it, is actually accomplishing aU that lt may tend or
purpose to accomplish. The patriotic American seems to have lost
all his former imperturablllty, all
his confidence in the stability and
toughness of the American political and social fabric. He it
panic-stricken, lest a few hundred
agitators can rend It to pieces by
repeating tho phrases of the Communist manifesto—phrasos which
the less tolerant and less stable
lon, sentences of 20 years' im- governments of Europo have
prisonment Jiave been Imposed rarely considered it necessary to
for the publishing of two leaflets suppress, except when accompa-
that the defendants had as much  n]e(j    by    direct    provocation    to
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows tbat cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
.-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
A* the Empress
An excellent comedy drama entitled "Nancy Lee," will be next
week's offering at the Empress,
and will afford Margaret Marriott
an excellent acting part on the
order of tho ono she played in
"Ves or No." It will also give
Miss Delmas and all the male
members of the company a chance
for real dramatic work. This
beautiful play brings with it a
breath of the sunny south, and
while its story contains many
thrills and climaxes, it has
comedy relief that never fails to
add the required light to the
shadows. Mr. Lawless ia painting a beautiful scenic production
taht will be In keeping with tho
excellence   of  this   clever   play-
London—The Bolshevik forces
In Siberia aro moving eastward
rapidly along the trans-Siberian
railway. The capture of seventeen columns of Polish legionaries, sixteen guns and 20,000 rifles
In the Krasnyarsk region Is reported In a Bolshevik communication,
right to publish as 'the government has to publish the constitution of the United States.' He
adds that 'even of the necessary
intent were shown, 'only nominal
punishment could be inflicted
upon the defendants,' unless 'they
are to be made to suffer, not for
what the. indictment alleges, but
for the creed that they avow.'
'In their conviction upon this indictment, the defendants suffered  a great wrong."
Finally, Mr. Justice Holmes, In
memorable words, re-states the
theory of the nature of opinion
in its relation to truth a,nd action, upon which the toleration
as contrasted with persecution of
expressed opinion, always has and
always must rest. Society is not
based on completely achieved
knowledge or truth, as the Inquisitors thought it was, or as so
many 100 per cent, Americans
still think It Is.
Must  Readjust
"The constitution Ib an experiment as all life Is an experiment." It Is an experimeiif associated with certain convictions
about government and property
and human liberty, which'..cart-
not be more than tentatively trite
at any one time, but whibn, if
the American Republic is to remain a free democracy, Amwlcdn
public opinion must constant^ -readjust in the light of Its collective experience. '^
Test of Truth \
"The best test of truth Is tfte
power of the thought to get!itself accetped in the competition
of the market." As long as the
open-minded search for more
truth rather than its scjf-satisfied
possession remain, the salutary
element in our attitude towards
the , truth, "we should be eternally vigilant against attempts
to check the expression of opinion that we loathe and believe
to be fraught with death unless
thoy so imminently threaten immediate interference with the
lawful and pressing purposes of
the law that an immediate check
is required to save the country."
Opinion   a  Challenge
The dissenting opinion of Mr.
Justice Holmes in this case is
nothing less than a challenge Issued to the American lawyers
and educators, who are conniving'
at such barbarous persecution of
opinion as that which the Supreme Court has just affirmed,
to put up a rational Interpretation and defense for the existing
violation of what has been considered to be one of the fundamental American constitutional
liberties. He has only expressed
with unusual breadth and vivacity the theory about the function of freedom of speech and assemblage in the American political system, which all patriotic
citizens used to sharo and to consider it one of Its great and peculiar merits. Take for instance,
the following utterance: "Freedom of speech and of opinion are
eo well established, and so
uniformly acqulsced. in, that publio declarations and acts of n
kind which one day cost More ills
head on Tower Hill, or drove
Roger Williams from Massachusetts Bay, are now permitted In
Boston and ln Chicago without
restraint or any call to accountability, despite the fact that they
may tond to cost the lives of
American soldiors and sailors serving under the flag halfway round
the world. In the long run It is
better so. A safety valve is ns
necessary as a steam chest.", ffiljis
passage was written not by some
frivolous parlor Bolshevik, butjjy
Mr. Nicholas Murray ButleiMi.In
Its endorsement of utter lack of
restraint or responsibility in the
. utterance of public opinions, aud
In Its express acqulscence in| the
death of American soldiers ; and
Bailors as the traceable result, of
freedom of speech, wo are aftajd
that Mr. Butler's ardent dev^tipn
to humnn liberty has betrayed
him Into assuming an unpatriiptiic
position. Wo prefer, consequently, the following quotation fro^n
Mr. Charles Evans Hughes ks:a
better expression of tradU|onal
moderate American attitude toward the freedom of speech. He
calls for the services of men
"who demand the facts, who are
willing to stand or fall by the
facts, who form their convictions
deliberately and adhere to them
tenaciously, who court inquiry and
who play fair." "We have no
greater advantage," he adds,
"than a free press and the freedom of pnblic utterance. We
would not lose Its benefits because of its abuses. The remedy
ts to be found, not In repression
or impatient denunciation, but In
the multiplication of men of intelligence who love Justice and
cannot bo stampeded."
- Savage Punlslunent
At the present time Ameriean
public   opinion   in  its  relation  to
acts of violence,
Social order tn America is, as
a matter of fact, no less secure
than It was when all good Americans attached the same importance to freedom of speech as a
safety valve, that Mr. Butler and
Mr. Hughes once* did. What has
altered tn the meantime, is .not
the Intrinsic vitality and adaptability of a self-govrening constitutional democracy, but the effective' faith which educated Americans have in the underlying
moral stability of their democratic Institutions. They are com-.
ing to consider violence In speech
not as a safety valve against violence in action, but as a necessarily effective and malevolent
provocation to violence in action.
Their attitude more clearly re-
sembles that of the Hussan bureaucracy and upper classes before the war, than lt does the attitude of similar classes in any
other country, except, - perhaps,
Germany. The really dangerous
Instability and insecurity exists,
not in the fabric of American
political and social institutions,
but In the violent and enervated
state of mind of our articulate
and educated people. They are
proposing to defeat revolutionary
by adopting the revolutionism by
adopting the revolutionary psychology of irreconcilability and
diasassociation and by initiating
what is in spirit and effect a
counter revolution. Mr. Butler
himself has recently given a per*
feet example of this emotional Instability and its accompanying
"mental Incoherence. We read one
morning, in a speech delivered
by him the familiar but now frequently overlooked truism that
ideas cannot be suppressed by
force. Yet the day before he had
called on his fellow citizens to
gather all their resources together
for a war against the American
Bolshevik, just as they had in
1917 gathered all their resources
together, for a war against Germany. It Is a natural conse-
quence of such Inflammatory appeals to moral and physical violence that wretches are sentenced
to 20 years In jail for disseminating silly leaflets, the clear pur-
pose of which was to protest
against a possible illegal and a
certainly Ill-advised military ex.
peditlon against a defacto class
govrrnment in Russia*.
Intolerance Will Cause Revolt
If we In America ever suffer
the awful afflliction of a class revolution, It will come about, not
because of the indirect appeals to
violence on the part of an Insignificant minority of revolutionists,
but as a consequence of the intolerance, the inflammation of
spirit, the stupidity and the faith
in force rather than in the justice of the existing majority of
educated and well-to-do Americans. They are adopting a course
wfhlch, If pursued to the end, will
do far more to provoke revolutionary violence than vague and
empty appeals to the proletarians
for union and rebellion. Educated and responsible Americans are
allowing Irresponsible agitators to
mould their psychology and their
ethics. The suicidal error of the
Bolshevists consists In their attempt to force on society by
means of a class military dictatorship what they believe to be a
programme of economic and social liberation for the workers.
The suicidal error of American
counter-Bolshevism consists tn Its
attempts to protect the safety of
a free democracy by a feverish
outbreak of moral and physical
violence, which will In the long
run destroy the moral self control and the Intellectual candor
and Integrity which the operation
of democratic institutions require.
Democracy is capable of curing
the ills it generates by means of
peaceful discussion • and unhesitating acquiescence in the verdict
of honestly conducted elections,
but its self-curative properties are
not unconditional. They are the
creation of a body of public opln
ion, which has access to the facts,
which can estimate their credibility and significance, and which is
in effective measure open to conviction. The most articulate pub-
tic opinion.in America Is temporarily indifferent to -the facts, and
impervious to conviction. Its
fear of revolutionary agitation betrays tt into an impotent and
feverish devotion, to symbols and
phrases which do not permit the
candid consideration of social
evils and abuses, and the adoption of thorough-going remedies,
American educators and lawyers
no longer act as If the government* and constitution of. the
United Statbs Is, as Justice Holmes
says, an experiment, which needs
for its own safety an agency of
self-adjustment, and which seeks
it in the utmost possible freedom
of opinion. They act as good Catholics formerly acted in relation
to the government and the creed
of tho Catholic church—as if the
government and constitution were
Situation Reviewed By J.
W. Hogg at the
"The Political Outlook" was
dealt with by J. W. Hogg at the
Royal on Sunday evening, with T.
A. Barnard in the chair.
Taking Vancouver as typical of
the Dominion of Canada, and of
tho Dominion of Canada as typical
of civilized countries the world
over, the speaker remarked on the
large number of men now out of
work, after fighting for liberty, democracy, etc., so that the country
could be made "safe for plutocracy." The line at Hamilton and
Pender was made up entirely of
such men; that was the "grateful
country" remembering the men
who went overseas. If, Instead of
lining up for charity dole, they
would go to the government for the
fulfilment of Its promise, something
would be done.
The high priests of politics had
told them thoy had got to produce
more, and were not even letting
them havp the opportunity to produce anything at all. The tools of
production belonged to the master
class, to bo used only for proflt;
hence the unemployment. Meanwhile prices kept going up, although more wheat was produced
in Canada last year than ever before, and more, butter In Alberta.
The war was to end war; yet Jel-
llcoe told the people in New Zealand that one war breeds another.
The British naval expenditure had
risen to $735,000,000, as against
1250,000,000 before the war;, und
the Pacific was now to have a fleet
of 102 war-craft, where there had
been only tw<5 before the war. This
in face of Borden's former declaration that nothing of the kind waB
to be done without it being flrst
submitted to the people. "They
have been handing out to us an
enormous bunch of humbug, pure
and simple."
Speaking of the Winnipeg strike,
the speaker said he could not understand what Russell had got two
years for, nor had he found anyone who could tell him. Russell
had merely consented to formulate
the policy of the men on strike and
be the mouth-piece of the working
class. On the other hand, commissions were appointed to whitewash
the friends of the government—the
profiteers and mllllomflres who
supplied the fumlH for the two political parties. There could be no
moral sanction for obeying laws
such as those. (Applause.) In
Great Britain, such a trial would
have been Impossible. There,
Judge Grantham's attack on the
right to strike had raised such
storm of protest that in the next
year a labor party was returned to
the House of Commons and t
Trades Disputes BUI passed to protect the unions. In Great Britain,
there were numerous general
strikes; last year, everything was
so tied up that even King George
could not get a train to take him
to London. (Applause with laughter.)
Over there, they had learnt that
they could only operate within the
scope allowed by constituted authority. In this country the limit
was becoming moro and more restricted, "because you and I aro
content to allow our liberties to be
locked up In that way." The only
way to alter it was by getting hold
of the machinery that makes the
In the United States the right to
strike had been taken away. "Our
liberty to strike Is going to be
filched from us in the same way.
The same Vanderbilts and Pierpont
Morgans aro in control tn Canada
as In the United States." The
speaker was "not sure that we are
not nearer serfdom today than a
hundred years ago." Attempts
were now afoot to reform the military units of returned men and Introduce compulsory military training—not conscription, of course,
though the difference was not ap-
apporent. What was all this for?
The democracy, etc., that they
went to flght for, is a myth and a
sham." The men would have to
see to lt themselves, and not leave
it to their officers and their masters.
They went to war ln defence of
small nations. Yet was not Ireland crushed under militarism?
(Yes.) India also was being coerced under the same capitalist
class that they had In Ottawa to
the Immigration Act. In
Egypt it was the same thing—
ground down under the heel of the
British administration. "These
people you went to war in support
of.   I hope you like It."
The speaker Insisted they could
not function unless they organized
on a political basis as on the industrial field. "Send people of your
own class to make and administer
the law of the land in your own In
terest and mine. You have nt
right to expect your boss to make
laws which will be beneficial to
you. His Interests and yours are
diametrically opposed."
The class struggle had been demonstrated completely and conclusively at Winnipeg, where the government had used the weapons of
repression and suppression in support of their class. "Naturally they
are going to frame the laws so as
to make, it easy going for them
and hard for you. Until you make
up your minds to control the po:
lltlcal machine, you are entitled to
the kind of laws you are getting."
Comrade Barnard said: "We desire a peaceful revolution—by
peaceful methods—if the other fellow will let us." He also said: "I'm
absolutely opposed to militarism
in any shape or form."
on Good
Dependable Shoes
Men's Black Calf, Brown Calf; recede or
broad toes; single and slip soles. About
100 pair in tbis lot.   Begular to $11.00.
$6.95     special     $6.95
to size !
SO pair of girls' shoes up
For  Growing  Oirls
Two lines of stout
shoes at this price.
Mahogany and black
calfskin. Low heels.
Special *c AB
price $0.09
Ladies' Black
Kid and Brown
Calfskin, with
Louis and Cuban heels. Begular $8.50 lines.
Paris' own make Boys' Boot.   Heavy Chrome.   This
is a real money-saver. Ajj   am
The balance of several lines
of men's heavy boots,
Chrome grain and kip
leathers.    All elaes in
the lot.
51 Hastings West
Commercial Relations Are
Opened by Supreme
Council at Paris
Elaborate plans for the resumption of commorcial relations
between the Russian people and
Allied nations have bcen worked
out by the Supreme Council..
..Surplus stocks of wheat, flax
and lumber await export from
Russia, and all that is needed Is
ocean tonnage to carry these products to the markets of the world,
Details of the plan to be followed were given by Alexander
M. Berkenheim and Constantln
Krovopouskoff, respectively president and member of the foreign
board of the Russian Co-operative
Union, through which trade will
be carried on. They conducted
the negotiations with the Supreme
Council which, brought about the
adoption of a policy reversing that
followed by the Allies during th*
last two years.
Great Stocks of Wheat
"It must be understood the
agreement has no political character, whatsoever," said M. Berkenheim. "It Is merely an economic,
financial and humanitarian arrangement. Russian co-operative
unions, organized fifty years ago,
now number' 600 branches, and
have 60,000 loeal societies with
26,000,000 mombers. These socle-
ties   operate   throughout   Russia,
whether under Bolsheviki rule or
controlled by other governments.
It is a sort ot Russian economio
Red Cross,
'In February, 1919, we laid before the British foreign offlce, and
also before the secretary of Premier Lloyd Oeorge our plan,
which now has been adopted for
the exchange of Russian raw material for manufactured goods
from Allied countries.
'This plan is very simple. We
have in Russia great Blocks of
wheat, cereals, cattlo and flax
which are now larger than Russia ever disposed of.
What They Require
"We require farming and agricultural Implements, cloth, shoei
locomotives, motors, automobiles
and medical supplies, Ship tonnage must be furnished by ths
Allies as Russia's shipping has
completely disappeared. We must',
import first in order to export"
The correspondent Informed II.
Berkenheim that it was the balls!
in France that the Bolsheviki >
would supervise distribution ud
allow goods to reach their adherents while the rest of the population might go barefooted and
"Our stores aro not under the,
control of the Bolsheviki," he replied. "When the Moseow gov-,
ernment nationalized all stored
and closed them, our stores eon-<
tinued business undisturbed. This]
wes not through any undue
friendship with the de facto gov-l
ernment, but because of the high
esteem In which the co-operative
societies aro held by the population throughout Russia. We feol
sure our headquarters In Moscow
can reach a satisfactory agreement with the Soviet authorities;
for an impartial distribution."
Buy only from a union storo.
the embodiment of ultimate political and sooial truth, which is to
be perpetuated by persecuting and
exterminating Its enemies, rather
than by vindicating its own qualifications to carry on under new
conditions the difficult Job ot
euplying political salvation te
mankind. If they begin by the
sacrificing freedom of speech, to
what is supposed to be the safety
of constitutional government, they
will oftd by sacrificing constitutional government to the dictator-
ship of one class.
Real Choice Pot Roast
(No. 1 Steer Beef),
as displayed in
window.   Lb.
Butter and Tea
No. 1 Government
Creamery Butter, lb.
4c   per   lb.   less   than
Delicious Bulk Tea
per lb.
Whole Red Salmon,
fresh caught, at about
4 lbs. each,
STALL No. 26
Highland Potatoes
18 lbs.
Or 13.76 per sack.
36 Competition
The Only Market to Offer
Eatables at Producer-to-Oon-
mmer Pricei.
AU Oan Stop Near the Mart FBIDAY ..January tt,  1980
twelfth YBAa. No. i   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDEEATIONIST    vancouveb, r a
The Vancouver Dancing Academy
snder persons) direction ot MISS BUSHNELL, Is giving aa oponlaf dues
next Tueedor owning. Como op tnd bring your friendi. It yoa le att
dtueo c.ll up Soymour TBS aad mtat aa ippolalmoat tor Imsoss.
Otnti COo
ladlH SIS
Red Europe
By Frank Anstey, M.P.
The most startling statement on the European
situation extant. The facts disclosed in ihis book
show the ruling class as it really is. All that
went on underneath the cry of patriotism is here
revealed. . .
The part played by Gompers, Hyndman, Victor Fisher and the social traitors ii vividly-depicted. Fascinating as a novel. Invaluable to
the propagandist and the student.
50 cents single copies. Cheaper rates for bundles.
401 Pender East
Vancouver, B. C.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hare Tbey Ara, Indexed rot Ton
Mr. Union Man, Out Tils Out ana OIys It «e Tour Wife
Bank of Toronto, Battings k Cambie; Victoria, Merritt an'd New Westminster.
Boyal Bank af Canada, lt Branches ia Vancouver, 88 ia B. 0,
Blieiiy'i ,  —~„~ -,„..>.„„ Phone Fairmont M
Titdalls Limited   ......... 618 Hastings Street West.
3. A. Flott. ,„  ——.,. j......;..',... ..-Hastings Btreet Weet
Pockot Billiard Parlori  _ —ti Hastings Street East
Con Jones (Bxunswiok Pool Boom»)....;.:^____ Hastings Street Bast
Boots and Shoes
\ Goodwin Shoo Co, ——.. .... 110 Hastings Street Bast
Ingledew Shoe Store. - . - 666 OranvUle Street
"K" Boot Shop 319 HaBtings Street Wost
Pierre Paria ...... 64 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd   . -Hastings Stnet Esst
Bank Buffet.         , - • - Cornet Hastings and Homer Streets
Trocadoro Cafe.. -._-, . . IM Hastings Street West
Chinawarc and Toys
Millar * Cot. Ltd ........ 41* Hastings Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k (Juiglejr.___.„ 546 Granville Street
Clubb * Stewart...-..—.... 309-316 Hastings Street West
8. 0. Outlttlng Co__ 342 Hastings Street Wost
Wm. Dick Ltd. 33-49 Hastings Street Bast
Ihos. Foster * Ca, Ltd £. .. .814 GranvUle Street
3. W. Foster k Co, Ltd. - 34S Hastings Street West
J. N. Harvey Ltd.  JSS Hastings West and Victoria, H 0.
the Joiah-Prat Co___   401 Hastings Streot West
Wew Tork Outfitting Co-  143 Hastings Street West
David Speneer Ltd............. >—. —- -Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt. —_._ __..- —Cordova Stroet
Thomas k MeBaia . . Granville Streot
Woodwards Ltd.——— —. . —Hastings and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothes Shop.     112 Hastings West
». K. Book „ .— : - 117 Hastings Stroet West
Kirk k Co., Ltd - 929 Main St, Seymour 1441 and 465
Maedonald Marpole Co ,.—. .1001 Main Street
Fraser Valley Dairies... 8th Avonue and Yukon Street
Drt. Brett Anderson aad Douglas Casst-lman...-..——-602 Hastings WeBt
Dr. W. J. Curry....—..—. _.. -301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell—.. ....Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
Dr. H. B. Hall  - 19 Hastings Street East, Soymour 4042
'   Dr. Lowe........——— ■ Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
Dr. Grady...——... Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
Bank Buffett.——._......... ■ .oor Hastings and Homer Streets
Britannia Bitot — Westminster Brewery Co.
Cascade Best     .-—Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
Hotel Wost  444 Carrall Stroot
Patricia Cabaret —.——.—— 411 Heatings Streot East
Bob Boy Hotel   57 Cordova Stroet West
laxi—Soft Drinks   409 Dunsmuir Street
Van Bros. —  -.... .- —.—Ciders and wines
'     Drugs
Vancouver Drug Co.- j.  —...Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
famous Cloak k guit Co.   - 623 Hastings Stroot West
Bordon Drysdale Ltd.  GranvUle Street
Brown Bros, k Co. Ltd.... 48 Hastingi Bast and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center k Hanna Ltd— .1049 Georgia, Seymour 242k
Huns, Thomson * Slegg...  —  631 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co  -41 Hastings Street West
Cal-Van Market—.——   Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores)...-...;..... Hastings, GranvUle and Mail Stroota
Woodwards. J— .——.'— ..................Hustings and Abbott Streets
Bpencors Ltd..,.,,,       Hastings Street
Black and Whits Hat Store i..; .Cor. Hastinsa and Abbott Streets
. :  v Jewelers
Birks Ltd.—   Granville and Oeorgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin — -■ (Malkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand.  (Turner Beeton * Cs., Vlctoris, B. 0.)
Huntor-Hondorson "Paint Co.—  .64» OranvUle Stroet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse...—.  '■ ———Labor Temple
DleUand-Dibble t~— •-—i—i Towor Building
Angell Engraving Co-— —:  618 Hostings West
, A. H. Timms —: ■-.  228-230—14th Avenuo East
White & Biadon—    628 Pender Stroot Wost
p. G. E. —  and the—.„ . —_0.-N. B.
Tom tho Tailor  524 GranvUle Bt; 318 Hastings W.
J. A. Flott ■ '■ Hastings Stroet West
Martin, Finlayson * Mather.:.._j: ; __.. Hastings Btreet West
Theatres and Movies
Express ■ Orpheum ——. Pantsges
Law la Made by Them for
Tbem and Against
The following editorial regarding th* sentencing of R. B. Russell
ia taken from Th*  Statesman,
Liberal organ of Toronto:
Two yeara for a working man—
for what? In hli charge to the
jury at the trial of R. B. Russell,
at Winnipeg, Mr. Justice Metcalfe
is reported to have said:
"There was no objection to a
man thinking that the Soviet Government of Russia was a good one,
so long as he did not Intend to con-
vey to others the desirability of the
institution of such a government
for Canada. When ha constantly
attacked the Canadian form of
government, and put before the
plugs' th« desirability of a Russian
system lu Canada, the Jury, exercising their common sense, might
infer that he waa trying to introduce that system" In Canada: It
was up to the Jury," his Lordship
stated. "Would they Ilk* it?
Wouid It be liable to cause a
breach of the peace? If It would,
in a public sense, it would be seditious."
If Russell'* sentence of two
years is due to the foregoing Interpretation of the law of sedition
then thore has been a gross miscarriage of justice. AH the other
counts against the accused were of
minor importance as compared
with the charge of sedition. It
will be for the Court of Appeal to
determine whether the legal decisions of the tVia! judgo ln regard to
strikes, picketing and sedition can
be upheld. But we have- no hesitation In asserting that thd law
regulating labor combination, as
laid down by Mr. Justice Metcalfe,
Is tf direct challenge to organized
labor in every .part of the 'Dominion, and will not be accepted as
the final word by workers who
value their rights.
It Is foolish in the absence of
the full evidence and of all th*
facts presented to the court, to indulge, as some newspapers do, in
tirades about the labor policy of
"blundgeoning the community,"
All strikes are a form of civil war,
but It has yet to be proved that the
men who went on strike In Winnipeg, or the loaders who called the
strikes, rendered themselves liable
to the charge of seditious conspiracy. There havo been .worse
strikes In England—sympathetic
strikes—but the law of sedition
was not invoked In these lnstattces.
lt is "too often forgotten that the
Judge is a lawmaker, and that his
interpretation of the law, upheld
on appeal, is the "law" most frequently quoted In our courts of
justice. Law Is an expressed rule
or principle of humnn action, but
where so many dlfCor as to its real
meaning and intent the judge hus
the last word tn defining lt. Until
a higher court of Justice, or the
highest £ourt of the realm. Parliament Itself, sets aside his ruling
the "law" is tho declared will of
the Judge. The J-dge in many
trials doea not decide a caso under
compulsion of the law, but as a
lawmaker. It is as a lawmaker
that the rulings of Mr. Justice Metcalfe will be reviewed fn a higher
The most dangerous and unsettling element in the verdict just
given is tho fact that In Canada
there is one law for grafters and
war profiteers and another for the
workers. Tlio trial at Winnipeg
has been staged by the Big Interests. What steps has the government .tatyen to bring to trial the
men who sent our flrst contingent
to the front with inferior boots
and equipment, with rifles that
Jammed when in face of the enemy,
and who bought broken-down
horses for our artillery and cavalry? Has the government done
anything save thn appointment of
whitewashing commissions to rescue Its friends from the stern justice they so richly merited? Does
not the trial at Winnipeg—with Its
absurd interpretations of tho Jaw
against strikes and picketing-—recall to every worker throughout
the broad Dominion the unsavory
Manitoba Scandal and the methods
resorted to by the Borden Government to save the reputation ot
Hon, Robert Rogers? One law for
the rich and anothor for the poor!
One law for workers righteously
discontented with the serfdom
which the present Industrial system forces upon them! Two years
In jail for a loader of the workers
who hod the courage to cha'lenge
the powers behind an industrial
system which every church In tho
land has condemned! Honors and
freedom and titles and untaxed
Victory Bonds for the war profiteers and grafters! Is this an unfair presentation of the case?
Where, In all Canada, has a single
war-grafter or war profiteer been
arrested, placed on trial and sentenced to a term In jail? The law
that puts workers In Jail—In some
s without charge or trial—
and that provides cities of refuge,
ln the form of commissions, to
enable plunderers and grafters to
escape the consequences of thefr
crimes, ean have no moral sanction in the eyes of. right-thinking
Canadians. The contrast,. In the
treatment of these two classes, Is
responsible In large measure for
the present unrest, and until the
scales are equitably adjusted there
Is bound to be continued discontent and agitation.
! '1* a position we hate to take, but
the   circumstances   lem   us   no
-other alternative.
Tours sincerely,
Secretary Defence Commltte*.
Montreal—Falling to reach an
understanding on the wage question with a number of reporters,
many of whom are members of
the Montreal News Writers Union,
the editor of the Montreal Star,
C. F. Cranda.ll has notified his
editors and reporters that on and
after January 1, no member of a
union will be employed on the editorial staff,
Copenhagen.—Ten offers of peace
have been made to the Entente
by Soviet Russia since August - 6,
and offers will continue until peace
Is obtained, according to a statement by the congress of Soviets
recently held ln Moscow,
' ur advertisers support the Fed*
r-uunist.   It ii up to you to support then.
"A Co-operatlw laundry'
Edttdor B. C. Federationlit: III
mak* a misstatement, possibly tbe
seeretary of our local Co-operatlv»
stor* will correct m*.
Th* laundry now operating- lif
Seattl* was, in part, made successful by the fact that locate of
the various crafti subscribed for
shares en block.
The laundry workers havo repeatedly met with strong opposition on matters pertaining to the
betterment of working conditions.
Beattle hai proven that the worker
can obtain a dividend on the Item
of laundry expenditure, and further still be can, without cost, support girls and women to work
under better conditions, and I
think that w* can spare a little
time to mak* thla a real fact in
I would suggest that a oommlttee of unemployed laundry glrla
be called by th* local Co-operative Company, to approach all
locals for support to prepare to
launch, the project.
The workers here appear to atlll
remember the laundry workers'
strike, as the recent trend of pub-*
llo opinion during the cllvo eleotlon, and right hero li an excellent opportunity for locate to
practically express their disapproval by employing theae operatives
themselves at no large Individual
cost to themselves, and unionize
this industry at the same timo.
The workera of Vancouver ean
support auch a project by a little
simple effort, and If we see . that
tho co-operative movement in
Russia can boast of a membership
of 14 millions, w* can readily se*
that we ahall be able to support
any logical project based upon the
Rochdale system of co-operation.
Perhaps we may attach some
importance to the faet that a One
Big Unjon of laundry workora
might bo responsible for a protective tariff on laundry bills. Here
Is a chance to at least receive a
discount on your laundry bill, and
offer your protection to gltls whose
conditions and hours of labor are
Intolerable In such an exacting-Industry as the laundry workers
have to contend with.
Surely the rank and file will support theBe merits. Always the
girls have been eager to sujiportf ,pouldn't stop tho movement. It
any demand mado by vafloift .pas "successful" as far as tt went,
locals, and this project appeara tf). and looks like more success In the
bo the easiest way to help. n( ;pl6 kand and Australia every day.
All locnls mirht devote a fey, '30. Mr. Editor, T suggest an article
minutes under "fJond nnd WQlfar^ [on the convicts of Australia, why
to discuss the merits of supporting.,tbey were transported and tho re-
such a project.    It would h*lp, ^s-^Us?
"Onr" Paper
Editor B. C. Federationlit: I
.note in the laat Issue of The Federationist an article on "our"
paper. It saya in part to work for
It, boost .for it, and contribute to
lt, and help It tn erery way possible, all of which I moat sincerely
approve ot I have written aeveral
times to The. Federatlonist, and
my letter* wtr* newer printed,
which no doubt was my own fault,
but then I am learning all the
Ume, an* cannot expect a busy
editor to publish a lot of rot
which ha may have considered my
letters, However, to be brief and
to the point, I feel that I could do
good work for the Labor movement, and I flnd there are many
like myself. If I oould express
myself, my thoughts and ideas
more forcibly and clearly. The
question ta oould enough mon,
more especially the younger ones,
and the women, too, become interested enough to form a olass to
study English composition and
publlo speaking and kindred sub'
Jects. I suggest to you, Mr. Bdltor,
that you open a list of names of
thos* Interested and when sufficient havo subscribed,, aay 100, a
meeting be held and classes be
started. Also that a Hat of booka
oh these subjects be published for
home study purposes.
One thing more which I am
very much Interested ln, and I
offer by way. of a suggestion regarding the. deportation of the
"Reds" from the good old United
States. Some ten years ago I visited an old convict ship called the
Success; why so called I don't
know. She was raised from l&d-
ney harbor and sent around the
world as a curloajty, a relic pf the
past, an example of the brutality
of our rulers not so long ago. At
that time, men were trying to organize trade unions and got themselves transported, not deported
then, for their convictions. However^ in spite of the good ship
Success, and dozens like her, they
well other locnls,  suoh  ns T*>an>;
stors and Drivers and  Engineers,;
9127 U'stn street,  ci*y.
Workers Defense Committee
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The
workors defense committee df
Winnipeg came into being immd*
dlately following the arrest qfi
certain men In connection with
the Winnipeg strike. It was, in
po<nt   of   fact,   organized   by
,Am enclosing a letter clipped
jf(;om the New York World, which
'may be of interest to the workers.
^Wishing The Federatlonist every
success, and hoping the workers
will soon wake up and get a dally,
I am, yours for eduontlon.
v. January 19th, 1920,
Aro Still Disunited
Editor B, C. Federationist:
the*, workers ar estill disunited.
Is It
not time the Socialist Party of
Canada, and the Federated Labor
Party and the O. B. U. got together
under one hoad, and so have a
solid front to show to the vested
interests.    Yours,
Nota by Bdltor—The  O.   B.  U.
Ib an industrial organization, and
as such cannot link up with any
Hlea) party.   Tho Socinlist Parry
Labor  Party,
tions,    nnd
then existing strike committee,
later having its work ratlfipd, and
being Itaolf adopted by the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Counoll.
Since that time there has been an
unavoidable fracture In trade
unionist ranks, and many workers
who stood side by stde ln the flght
of May and June last, now flnd
themselves, for reasons of their
own! lined up In different trade
organizations; that Is to say, In- and the Federated
ternatlonal   unions orvi-the O.  B.   nr»    notltical    iimumnHiu ^.              . ..     . .
U.   Since the formation* of the do- j nothing will bring them   together ™ on ft;    ™£° °5   ,end B°eB *
stream   of   unbaked   loaves,   and
Modern Methods of Producing the Staff of life
Displaces Workers
Th* development of bread-baking machinery tend* to displao*
more and more people wbo hav*
been engaged In th* production
of the staff of Uf*. Th* following
la a. description of the latest development in machinery of tkis
Th* immense automatic broad
ov«n. and machinery, construction
on which waa started more than a
year ago, and whloh has a capacity for baking sufficient bread to
feed approximately half th* entire population of St Louis, has
just been placed in complete operation at the plant of the Welle-
Boettler Bakery, American Bakery
Company, 87 South Vandeventer
Two hundrod and alxty-flv*
thousand bricks were used tn th*
construction of tha oven. The
The bread-baking capacity la 6000
one-pound loavea par hour. Tho
mechanical device operates continuously from the time the dough
goes through the mixing process
to the baked loaf without the aid
of a human hand.
The Invention of the automatic
or "travelling" ovens originated tn
Qreat Britain and at the present
time there ar* but alx complete
units of these ovens in the United
States. In addition to ths com'
plete plant ln St Louis, two are
located ln New York, two in Philadelphia and one ln Chicago.
Starting with the flour-blending
and sifting machine, the flour is
passed through a sifter and along
conveyors, to larg^- storage hoppers. From these, hoppers the
flour descends Into a weighing machine, la which.the amount necessary for each supply of dough Is
automatically recorded and the
uniformity which goes with au
tomatlo working la obtained.
When the flour leaves the
weighers it Iff ready to be mixed
into dough. For this water' is.
needed, so next comes the gauging
and tempering tanks, where the
correct quantity of water la measured off and kept at th* desired
temperature. The purest Ingredients obtainable are used to enrich.
the doughs. The dough must stand
tn a kneading machine in the
"proving room" before being made
Into loaves.
The dough, fed In bulk, ts accur-
ately and quickly measured off
Into pieces ot predetermined sizes.
These pass through the "handlng-
up machine," where they receive
their preliminary shaping, and
thence they fall into the travelling
prover, which, for convenience
sake, is designed to flt on the celling. After being proved for a
specific time, the pieces of dough
pass automatically to a moulding
machine. This- Imitates with considerable exactitude the action of
the hand.
The loaves pass automatically
into a panning machine, an apparatus of uncanny Ingenuity, which
places them Into the stream of
pans which runs at lta base. Long
rows of these tins aro then placed,
again automatically, Into the third
automatic prover, where the loavea
receive their final raising, and are
ejected automatically to the travelling oven. This oven stands ready
to receive the bread  and set the
fence committee, both these organizations, together with the Labor church, the Women's Labor
League, the Socialist Party of
Canada, and any other bona fide
organization, has been entitled to
have delegates soated upon that
defence  committee.
Certain Ill-bred rumors, having
credence with the uuthtnklng or
deliberately perversed, commenced
to floaj around some three or four
months ago to the effect that de
except a unanimity of opinion
amongst ^he workers as to which
party best represents the interests of the working class. When
that time arrives, they will naturally fuse, and become one organization.
The  Daily  Press
Editor B.  C.   Federationist:   In
looking  over  some   of   our   dally
press  rubbish,  I  came  across
fence funds, "monies collected for! article In the Vancouver Dally
defence purposes only," were be- ] Sun, January 3rd, the head-line
ing used for the proiytlTitng pur-; of which was 900 veterans apply
poses of the O.B.U. It has been 'tor pay, and half-way down tt
said tha a lie can travel h ilf-w iv snld, "Old mon, young men, mar-
around the world before truth has  ried   men   and   singlo   men.   men
a chance to put Its boots on. Such,
indeed,, seems to be th.rcase respecting the aforementioned rumors.
Now It appears that tn a letter
from tho- Trades and Labor Council (Internationaln of Bdmonton,
to the Winnipeg TradeB and Labor
Council (International), this rumor has been given definite form
In an allegation to the effect that
R. J. Johns, during his trip
through tbe west last September
and October, held defence meetings at which he advocated the
O. B. U. We be* to stnte unequivocally that this defense committee did not pay one cent towards the expenses or niainten-
anc of U. H, Johns during that'
trip, or any other trip. He was paid
entirely by the O. B. U. itself, t&r*
Its own purposes. He being W
volved In the Winnipeg allegetl
soditlous conspiracy, went  out of
with collars and men without,
were there," but a casual observation failed to disclose any who
seemed to be pinched for hunger. Now, I think that was a
dirty Insult to all the returned
men in Canada, and to all nations who took part in this flght
for "democracy," which has now
finished according to the press,
and I would like to soe the reporter and also tbe editor of that
article suffer a littlo of starvation
then they would know a little
about it. It is enough to make
one sick to read the crazy, idiotic
stuff that Is being published in
the capitalist press today, and
the mel hods being used to keep
down the working class by arresting the activo members and
s.inprp«"t(n« nil literature except
'that endorsed by tho capitalist
iclass, especially in the Sweet
-Lund   of   Liberty  across  the  line
his way to assist the defence furid 'They are  now  preaching  in   that
by urging collections and doniX
tions on Its behalf. The Labd£
bodies In Winnipeg today have r&
presentation upon the defence
committee, and there is no reason'
why any Lnbor body should tto
misinformed, or Ill-informed updh"
the business of. that defence corti^
mittee. The books of the commit^'
tee are open at any time for Inspection to any person, or persoiVs.
who can give a reasonable asSur*
ance ttut they are bona fide Mi-'
bor men In some capacity ,or another. This Is a standing Invitation to the fathers of the Ill-begotten lies respecting disposition
of defence funds.
We expect the opposition and
treachery of the master class, The
time ts too critical for us to ignore
the treachery of professed Labor
men, and although for months,
with as much patience as we
could command, we have continued to Ignore these vicious rumors,
the time has now eome when, In
fairness to ourselves, to the many
bodies represented on the committee, and. the many thousands In
the oountry contributing to our
funds, that we should let It i>»
known thnt the next caae coming
to our attention of a malicious
charge, such as has been described
herein, will be promptly placed In
the proper quarter as a Ubel. This
'great free country (free for
evory one except the slaves), 100
per cent. Americanism, which Is
the crushing of the masses, and
■now I see an article in The Veteran for January (Q. W. V. A.
official paper): "Veterans for political action," wherein Mr. Thos.
Dace .one of the leaders of the
il. W. V. A. In Alberta, speaks for
political action. He says he favors political action on the broad
basis of Canadian citizenship, as
follows: Problems before the CI.
W. V. A. are many. The parting
of the ways comes ln 1920; we
must fight not only for ourselves,
but also for 100 per cent. Canadian iam ln the Dominion. Now,
If they are for 100 per cent.
Canadlanlsm, lt could be done as
easily as it could be said by giving every one a chance to live,
not like we are today; we are
Just a mass of staves. Tf what
the press says ts true, there are
Canadians who fought In tho war
sick of everything, either leaving
for a better country or committing splclde, because they
are fed u* with
slavery. The Booner the returned
man gets the Idea out of his head
that he Is better than the rest of
the slnves, Including aliens, the
sooner will such things as the
charity dole be replaced, so as to
from the other emerges the same
stream, but now of finished bread,
each loaf baked to perfection and
every loaf of equal color and fragrance.
Eight-hour  Day   Is   Being   Introduced as Reeult of
/ Strike
Kobe, Japan.—A general shift
toward the eight-hour day ln the
big industries ot Japan has followed the winning of the strike here
by 16,000 workers In the Kawasaki
dockyard. The strike cost ths
company 9125,000 and added $3,-
000,000 monthly to Its pay roll.
Since the strike the Mitsubishi
dockyards ln Kobe and Nagasaki,
the Harima yard, the Osaka Ironworks, the Kobe steelworks and
the Sumitomo Company, all important concerns, have announced
their adoption of the eight-hour
day, and their example has been
followed widely.
My permanent scale of prices admits of no
reduction*. Because it I "cut prices* I would be
obliged either to eut quality pr to work for th»
pleasure of milting tlon*. Therefore my permanent polloy
ot "Grady-grade" dentistry—positively th* ***y finest ud,
most substantial that amar atat bay—and a tud seal* of
moderate pricts, must appeal to common iw, I admit that
I tak* pleunrt aad prid* ia my wuk and th* most minute
owe in its execution, but my margin for professional fee I
'will not sacrifice. Nor is it necessary for me to do so.
"Grady-grade" dentistry is winning me permanent friend*
•very day.
Vancouver's Great Footwear
Our January
Clearance Sale
Men's Dress and Work Hoots
$6.00 per pair and up
Reduced for
All our quality lines may
be purchased on credit—
during January Clearance
—first installments hav*
been made very low.
We have full lines of men's and ladies' high class clothing
on easy payments.
Ladies' suits sold regularly at $49.50 to 179.90
Now 139.50 to $65.00.
As low as $10 down and $3.50 a mak
Ladies' coats, regular prices from $37.50 to $69.50
Now $39.(0 to $59.50.
As low aa $8 down aad $3 a weok.
Ladies dresses as low as $2 down and $2 a week,
Special Bargains For Men
Fresh Ont Flowers, Fount Dalsns, Wedding Bouquet* tot Floats
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros, & Co. Ltd
48 Hastings Straet Eut TH Granvillo Knot
Soymour 088-673 Seymour 9513
give ue not a chance to Just exist,
but o chanco to livo,
I have botm reading a little
book called "Hod Kurope," written by an M. P., and If we had
a fow M. P.'s like htm in Canada,
It would be a different place to
what lt la now. It would wake
up tho working class of this
country to see the niPtlvods used
ln the war by the capitalist class.
uud how the pruss wa» controlled
to make every one patriotic, the
same methods being used In Germany ag ln the Allied countries.
On page 95, It says: "The atrocity campaign was the principal
weapon ln the arsenals of rival
Imperialism. The Germans presented to horror stricken audiences the rape of German women
ln German Africa by black troops,
with British ofllcers looking on,
also murder on top of rape at
Tabora in German Africa. What
did not go Into the picture went
Into the letter press. They had
dozens of "Misi Cavell's" caseB,
ln addition to Inhuman treatment to German prisoners of war,
and then follows the moat barbarous and murderous treatment
Imaginable, and it would do good
for every work fnr man and woman, especially the returned men,
to read that little book, for lt
shows that the capitalist class
will do anything and everything
to keep us where we are, as tho
rrfcent trial of spokesmen of Labor shows, and Us man hunt In
the  system   of i the States also.
Here's  wishing   success   to   The
Foderationist,    hoping   to   see   it
soon Issued n» ••   T.nhnr rin<1"
Returned Worker.
January   20th,   mo.
When You Boy Yonr Shoes at This Store
Tou may expect to get just a little more for your money
than you do elsewhere and you will not be disappointed.
We are showing gome eplendld values In choico Black aad
Brown Boots that  are built for service.
Men's....... $10 to $15      Women's $11 to $14
Comfortable,  Easy   Fitting,  Good   Looking and Stylish.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
QUANTITY production—qtrality materials—machinery   kai
made baker's bread cheaper and better than home mado.
Try H,
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44 PAGE EIGHT
•twelfth yeah. No. 4    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
FBIDAY January-.,Mi. UiO
Why pay more when you can buy quality groceries at
prices such as ours, The following are a few of the
specials for
One Week, Commencing Friday, January 23
Libby's Tomato Soup, tin .12c
Libby's Asparagus Soup, por
tin     Se
I Robin Hood
| 7-lb. sadi
Queen Olives, Ige. bottles.45c
Bournvillo Cocoa, Cadbury's
tin   ' SSo
Fry's Cocoa, per tin 27c
Reindeer Milk, per tin .. .all!
Eagle Milk, per tin  22c
>od Rolled Onts,  I
icfc ,,.',...,.ilo |
I Liptons Jelly Powders,
|     per pkt 9c
Bird's Egg Substitute,
per tin   ISo
Ramsay's Soda Biscuits,
per pkt  .26c
B. & K. Wheat Flakes,
per pkt.   23c
Best Japan Rice, pkt. .lfl'.Sc
Del Monte Pork and Beans,
tin    160
Quaker Puffed Wheat,
per pkt 154
>r Dates, pkt. .l»o-|
Woodward's Better Tea,
per lb 540
Woodward's Choice Tea,
per lb. ." 49o
Woodward's Better Coffee,
per lb 54c
Woodward's Choice Coffee,
per lb 45c
Royal City Kaspberry
Jam, 4-lb. tin , ...»1.03
Maybloom Tea, per lb. .. .58o
Geo. W. Coffee, per tin. . .-IQO
.Aunt Jemima's Pancake
Flour, pkt lUff-o
Dlam6nd"*S\veet~Chocplate. '"""
per cake   7c
B. O. Puro Honey, per
glass, large 43c
B. C. Pure Honey, per
glass, small  35c
Woodward's (4-lb. bar)
Soap 34c
Clilte Swan Laundry
Soup, box of 5 bars.25e
Swan Laundry
box of 5 bars.
Matches, 300 in box flc
Toilet Paper (round roll). 5c
Large Wax Candles, 3 for.10c
2 in 1 Boot Pollsli, tan
and black  llo
Windsor Table Salt, Z\_
.     lb. bag 11 Mo
C Quaker Tomatoes, 2Vz lb. |
tin    18c |
Rldgeway's Tea, *,_ lb pkt.35c
Rlckott's Packet Blue,
per pkt S'/iic
Magic Washing Tablets,
per pkt 18c
[Nabob Tea, per lb. . .59c |
Cream of Tartar,* per tin.l5e
Empress Mustard, tin ...13c
Empress All Spice, black
pepper, ginger, per tin. 10c
Jello   Powders,   all
flavors tajfic
Cox's Orange Pippins, finest
eating apples, No. 1 quality, 3 lbs. for  21c
.Jap Oranges, guaranteed all
sound, per box 69c
Large Juicy Oranges, doz.33c
Carrots, No. 1 quality,
G lbs. for   9c
Swede Turnips, No. 1 quality,
5 lbs. for  10c
Large Juicy Lemons, No.  1
quality, per doz. ......20c
The British Soviet
Before Closing Our Books
We Must Cut Our Stock
Away Down
WE CABBY onc of the finest stocks of Men's Goods
in Canada—every line popular with thc public—
every article with the proper price.
We have a very heavy stock of Tweed Suits on wliich we
will allow you a discount of 20 per cent, from the proper
price. These suits arc all good patterns and good materials. They are without doubt the best showing in the
eity—aiid to date every man who has seen them and who
wanted a tweed suit has bought onc.
We have a large quantity in tbis stock, in sizes 40, 42, 44
and 46. Big men, this is your opportunity to get au outfit
at a small price.
Rubberized Tweed Baincoats; just a few left, in good
patterns; all sizes. Keg. $30.00 and $32.50 (Of AA
coats for...:.....         a..V^*•""
Winter Overcoats. Wc must clear every heavy overcoat
in the iicxt few days at $17, $20 and $25. To sec these
coats is to appreciate the values wc offer.
Boys' Heavy Winter Combinations, worth
: 12.00 wholesale.  Our price to clear is only..
Boys'- Shirts, worth $1.50 each, to clear
at only.....; .-.	
Heavy Tweed Pants—
t!_\ $4.25
Corduroy Pants-
Reg. $6.50     A(- nr
for <P 5.^3
Men's Work Gloves at
cost, per met
pair I DC
White Dress Gloves at
cost, 501, 751, ?1
and f 1.50.
Pure Wool Sweaters, best
Canadian make, Vancouver, 15 per cent, dis-
Heavy Wool Sox,
per pair	
60c „
Heavy Bibbed Pure Wool
Underwear at 25 per
cent, discount. Begular
$2.50 d>1  AA
garment efkeefv
Overalls $1.60, $1.75,
$1.95 and $2.45.
Men's Work Shirts, in 15
and 151/2 si*es.    QA_
Each OUC
Two for..
Job   Lot  of  Caps,  reg.
$1.50 to $2.50.     *jr
To clear at I DC
Arrow Shirt Special, reg.
$3   and   $3.50   values.
11.:*! $2.25
Wc Give You 10 Per Cent. Off Any Other Article in
tbe Houae
There's lots of sales in town now, and, while you may
be • customer of some other house, a little walk will do
yoa no harm. Stroll around to our windows, call in the
■tore, examine the goods, compare the prices. It costs
you nothing to do this—and if you buy from ns you're
•head.  Investigate for your protection.
Our Prion Are the lowest Quotations in Town on the
Quality of Ooods Offered
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West >
England is a email country undergoing large changes. The result is turmoil. Tho. changes affect
the individual In all his relations.
But after the British manner thc
changes are coming ln an orderly
way, though they aro not coming
with any systematic coherence. It
Is revolution, deep, overwhelming,
but not bloody. It is a chatty revolution, quite clubby, yet with all
Its profundity it is a hodge podge.
In ten years the seemingly, unrelated things that aro appearing in
various human activities will be
sufficiently related by later gap-
filling events, Institutions, customs,
ami crista of thought, to produce a
coherent, understandable plan of
reorganization. Then men, looking back at tho then completely
scheme, may say: "How thorough
arc theso British; how carefully
they have worked their ideals into
realities." But now these same
Britishers, not comprehending
their own prescience, arc looking
across the chaos all about them
Into what seems to be a mad
Deep down In the hearts of the
common people a revolution is
growing, and the King'B name is
mulching the tender shoots of the
revolution. His Majesty's Royal
Industrial Affairs sounds vastly
more respectable than the word
Soviet; yet when a bill now pending in parliament passes—a bill
which was introduced by the government majority and reported out
of committee by a government majority—England wtll indeed have
a Soviet, and France and the
United States, if they are consistent with their policy In Russia and
Hungary, may well be preparing
to withdraw their ambassadors
and send troops.
Vote Winning Bill
The bill creating this Soviet is
one of the measures promised by
Lloyd Oeorge last December in
order to get the support of the
Labor votes in parliament and
those Labor votes were necessary
In order to create a parliamentary
Protest and Ask
Russell's Release
(Continued from page 1)
and not   another.    This   was  the
position ta.vtii uy the irlai Judge.
Fear Responsible
He said tnat scuiuuus conspiracy had beon thrown into the
waste paper banket as a crime all
the world over, and that fear in
Canada was responsible for repressive measures. He quoted tho
decision of Mr. Justico Holmes tn
the United States in the Abrams et.
al. case, in wnicn he had said that
the men were not being triod for
the indictment, but for the creed
which they did avow, and that the
constitution of the United States
could be amended and altered,
but the ruling class was trying to
prevent a revolution, by instituting
revolutionary procedure, and by a
counter revolution.
He stated that in spite of the
tons of documentary evidence produced by the prosecution, thero
had never been produced a single
document that proved a conspiracy to overthrow tho government.
Ho quoted Justico Metcalfe's summing up on sympathetic strikes,
and said If the Judgment stands,
any Labor representative who took
part in any such strike, would bo
liable to 20 years' imprisonment.
In conclusion, he referred to tho
British Labor and political movements, and urged the workers of
Canada to elect men to tho Legislatures of tho country.
C, S. Cassidy, representing tho
Boilermakers, wus the next speaker, and said that tho organization
which he represented, which had
1700 memberi, would do all they
could to resist the attempt of the
authorities to curb the activities
of the'trades unions. He then introduced the following resolution:
"Resolved, that this meeting of
citizens of Vancouver, in public
meeting here assembled, enter
their most emphatic protest
against the sentence meted out to
R. B.Russell bj; the court at Winnipeg.
"In our opinion, the ovidence
produced of the statements made
by the convicted men were of a
nature that, owing to the abnormal times, was common opinion
of many citizens of thlB country,
openly expressed,
"We, thorefore, request Sir
Robert Borden, premior of Canada
and the minister, of Justice, to
grant an unconditional release to
the said R. B. Russell.
"Aud, bo It .further resolved,
that a copy of this resolution bn
sont to tho said Sir Robert Borden, and to the minister of Justice."
The resolution was put by the
chairman, and was declared adopted. V. R. Mldgley objected to the
lack of opportunity for discussion,
and took the platform, aud stated
that if the workers were going to
lay down to tho decision, then
there would be argood-many more
men arrested, and said the organization which he represented was
willing to co-operate with any body
to secure the relcaso of R. B. Russell.
J. G. Smith took exception to
thc fact that all organizations in
the city had not been asked to
co-operate in the meeting, and
snld the resolution was not worth
the pnper it was written on, and
that if sympathetic strikes were
Illegal, the wuy to get over that
was to bo all in one organization,
and then there would be no sympathetic strikes.
. Mr. Welsh stated that the defence committee, which represented the different organizations, had
asked to send a representative,
and so had the Federated Labor
Party. The secretary of tho defense committee stated that thn
committee did not deem It advisable to take any official part ln
the meeting, unless all organizations represented on the committee wero Invited, and repudiated
the insinuation made by Mr, Welsh
before the commencement of the
meeting that lt was because of
lack of backbone. C. S. CasBidy
stated that if all organizations
had not been invited, then the
meeting had not heen called as
the Boilermakers desired,
The meeting adjourned at a Uttle after 5 o'clock,
majority. So lf the bill falls tho
government falls. It may fall anyway. For Lloyd George alBo pro*
mised Labor to nationalize tha
mines and the railways.
The provisions of tho bill are
these: A commission having the
power to legislate upon the hours
of labor, establishing an eight-
hour day, and having the power
to fix a minimum wage in all in-;
dustrles, the wage to differ in the'
varying industrial environments.
The commission also will havo
some authority in administering
the old age pension, the aim being
to make tho old age pension function as an industrial agent to supplement wages.
The revolutionary part of the
bill Ib found In tlio fact that a
majority of the commission is to
be elected by Labor, through its
organized channels, the various
unions! So this new •commission
will, In fact, be a Labor legislature. It is the beginning of a new
kind of government in England—
Industrial government. The industrial worker, if this bill passes,
will have two votes, one for his
member of parliament, another
for his member of the National
Industrial Council, Every man
with a job will have one kind of
a vote, dependent upon his job,
which the idle man or thc capitalist or the leisure member of society does not have.
Pink  Tea   Parliament
Parliament will attend to- political and social matters—foreign
affairs, marriages, the church,
public health, the parliamentary
franchise and such things, while
all matters of wages, hours of service, shop conditions and the contractual relations between Labor
and capital will be referred to hia
majesty's royal commission.
The Soviet principlo here elaborated Is back of the whole labor
programme in England.* The Labor leaders are demanding that,
when the mines are nationalized,
tho mines shall be operated by a
commission—operate Ills Majesty's mines, most likely—which
shall be comprised of a majority
elected by the Labor unions appertaining to work In and about
the mines, Thc plan is to have the
district miners elect their local
mine maangers from their union
membership; to have the district
mines united ln a regional unit;
whose managers shall in turn be
elected from the district mine
managers, and this group of upper
managers is expected to elect the;
national managers of tho mines.
But all these mine managers are
to be responsible, not to a parlla"
men tary majority, but' to the miners themselves. Hero again the
Industrial vote and the parliamentary vote aro separated. The plan
for the mines provides that all thi
mine workers shall, be organized
into ono big union. Trade unions
arc to be abandoned in the na*
Initialized industries; but the
movement for nationalizing industries Is going indefinitely and rapidly from the. mines to the railways and docks; from the railways
and docks to the municipal utilities—power, light, communication
and transportation—and each of
these Industries is to have Its own
craft union. And each craft union
is expected to be the legislature
for that craft,
.Voice in Management
It may be well to note In passing that the British plan for tak
ing over the railways differs from
the American Labor plan ln degree of severity, but not in kind,
The British provide that a Labor
majority elected by Labor unions
shall be found on the managing
committee; while the. . American
plan for railway nationalization
permits the president to appoint
the Labor minority, but provides
for another minority, also appointed by the president, which
shall consist of railway managers
who presumably will be former
railway operatives. Tho two
groups would make a two-thirds
majority. But the fact that the
British laborers would elect their
own railway managers from their
ranks gives tho British laborer a
vote In the management. The
American would havo no such
Now; the first British commission, organized to aet hours and
wages and shop conditions, li
planned to be the national meeting placo of all the crafts—the su^
preine workera* council, the big
national soviet. When the plan Is
worked out, the laborers will to
all intents own thc Industries-—
not the public, for the Industries
are removed from parliamentary
The Lulmr Majority
Now, all of the latter plan Is us
yet a dream. But back of the
dream lies a big fact: the fact that
Lubor at the last election polled
over two-fifths of the vote of England, and; counting the Liberals
nnd party Socialists, Labor easily
can count a majority. And the
Labor leaders of England are the
most determined leaders In England.
The situation Is extremely dan*-
gerous or extremely hopeful, according to one's point of view.
Surely no one can hope for the ro^
Too Many
have as much to do with
malting necessities cost like
luxuries as too many profiteers, Thero are thouasnds of
men passing things from the
producer to the consumer,
whose services are no more
needed than the fifth wheel
of a wagon,
of their own stores and factories is a real remedy. Help
us attain that end.
Honey from California Coop., per lb.  ..' 3Sc
Raisins, per pkt 10e
Jam, strawberry, 4-lb. tin
for   $i.0«
Marmalade, .4-lb.„ tin  ,. .76c
41 Pender Street West
Phone Sey. 403
Lumber Interests Resorts to Discrimination
(Continued from page 1)
ness maxlum: "Keep your light
shining a little in front of the
next.',' In other words, what the
members must do la to' look ahead
and see what the employers intend doing, see what they want
you to do, and then "don't do it."
Look ahead, act accordingly, and
then "Hit first! Hit hard! Keep
on hitting!" There is, however,
ono clasa of employer with whom
it is not necessary tb act ln this
manner. Admittedly they are few
and far between, but there . are
some who are willing to meet
their men, aa men. Who are willing to conform to the standard
of camp and working conditions
called for by the provincial laws
and the union rules. Men w'ho
hate scabs and scab living agencies as much as do the union
men. In fact, there are omployers who are men and who can
be met as such and during the
troublous times ahead the camps
and mills operated by employers
of this type will be going full
blast when those of the black-
listers and discriminators will be
as they should be, shut down.
When you must strike, "Strike,"
but do it ln such manner that
you penalize yourselves aa little
as   possible.
Policy  Approved
The convention unanimously
approved the future policy as being one in which every effort
and every available dollar be put
In to extending the organization.
The slogan of "50,000 members
in 1920" to enforce the laws relating to camp and working conditions, is not intended as hot
air, but a definite objective which
can be .attained if tho 16,000 already lined up will get the spirit
and provide the wherewithal. To
attain the desired end It means
every man must do all he can in
building up the organization. Pay
your duea promptly; the organization cannot operate on dues
which are in arrears. Why not
pay ahead? Many have already
paid the whole of thelr~iTues for
this year. This makes it possible
to send out various organizers
Immediately. Ten are already on
the road. Men who are wholeheartedly for the organization.
Not. pie-card artists, for some
of them could earn 8 or » dollars
a day in camp Instead of the
five thoy get as organizers. But
It will need moro than ten to
bring in the other 34,000. /We
need literature by the thousands,
ln many languages. Members already lined up, many of them
well educated In working class
philosophy need to be supplied
with general literature bearing
upon the. activities of the working clasa the world over. We arc
a part of tho One Big Union of
the workers of the world into
whoso relationship the queatlon
of race, color, creed or aex does
not enter, and to whom the principal that "an injury to one Is An
injury to all" Is fundamental,
The Helpless Cook
Tho kitchen and dining room
staffs are likely to mako many
calls for backing from their follow workers in the industry in
their demand for better working conditions. It is ridiculous to
gay you havo an eight-hour camp
when there is a section of the
workers who are putting in from
12 to 16 hours every day. The
cook, more perhaps than anyone
else, needs the solid backing of
the crew. He puts In his list for
supplies which are, in the majority of cases cut down from
15 to 50 per,cent. Ho Is, like
the ancient Israelites, called upon to make bricks without straw
Referenda Sent Out
The referenda proceedings Is
being aent out this week, mem;
bers or camps not receiving a
copy within tho next two weeks
should write in for same. Many
cam]) delegates do not report
number of men in camp, consequently the number sent them
has to be guess work.
All delegates ure being sent
new credentials, those ' on gold
color paper all go out of force
thc end of January and new ones
of a elate blue color take their
place. Delegates who have changed their address without notifying headquarters aud consequently do not receive new credentials
should write ln for them.
Advice Welcomed
Those at Headquarters, both
district and general, make no
claim of having all the brains or
experience, consequently will welcome advice or expression of
views from any or all of tho,16,-
000 members tending for more
efficient conduct of the buslneas
of the organization.
Wulch for Him
Members will recall that at the
timo of tho general strtke a aee-
rot service man named Davles
was found to be carrying a membership card and sending reports
of union business to his employers. Recent information is to the
effect that he has gono to work
in aome camp up the coast and
therefore should be looked for.
Thu organization haa nothing to
hide, all lta business Is open to
thc world, the boss, can get ail
tho Information he needs without employing stools, but experience has proven that often the
main function of a stool is' to
act as agent provocateur. It's an
old scheme which must be
guarded against.
Industrial and political dlscon
tent hay forced the resignation
of tho recently-formed government of Premier Costa.
Insurance Men
Have No Case
(Continued from page 1)
H. Winn for the manner in which
he has conducted ' the . i'nvetsiga-
tion, while it is too puerile to really warrant serious criticism, it may
be thought by the ' unthinking
that he has some personal motive
in carrying out the investigation.
As a matter of fact he could not
in any way be the gainer, except
in that through his experience as
chairman of the Compensation
Act Commission, he has' soon the
suffering caused by sickness
which the compensation act does
not cover, and would like to see
this evil alleviated, and to that extent he is interested. One thing
that he has demonstrated by the
administration of the compensation act, Is that the Insurance,
companies cannot administer insurance against accidents as efficiently as can be done by an efficient state.commission, and at the
same time given ample evidenoe
that the same would apply to sickness Insurance. This is no doubt
the reaaon for the attacka levelled
at him. While state insurance will
not improve the condition of tho
working claas as a class, it would
relieve many cases of dire need
during times of sickness in the
lives of the most unfortunate membera of the working claas, and insurance company profits aro only
a secondary consideration,
Charles Lestor
At Victoria
(Continuod from pago one)
development of the making of
shoes, for instance. One man,,
working alone, two or more working independently, then two working together, by intelligent division of labor, they easily Increased
their output, and lf making for
their own use, soon had a pair of
boots each, much quicker and bettor than by thoir own unaided soil,
tary efforts; then machinery is in-
roduced, which increases tho- product five times, easily, all resulting in less toil and more of the
needed shoes In less time—for
their own use, provided they still
own tho mnchiu cand the finished
But just here la the trouble,
Under our present system, this is
Impossible, and it is becoming
more and more true every day,
that the worker owns nothing but
his powor to labor—and Increased ^
production inevitably and neces-1
sarily leads to overstocked markets, closing down of factories and
the poverty of the producer evidenced by his unsatiBfied need of
the very things he has produced.
Tho Irrepressible Comrado Roger Berry wus tied to tlie chair,
but nevertheless questions were
not. lacking at tho appointed time,
and fortunately were not all from
the lecturer's viewpoint, enabling
him to get in aome good and needed oducational work.
Few Days
No worry
or care
Pay as
you wear
of car stupendous sale. In th*
face of oon»tan.ly rising prices we
* ue KRiTiH'-iiiE ft largo portion of
our up-to-date stock to make room
for our new children's department
at nearly pre war prices,   Stai
credit account at once—select your
.   garment, pay a small deposit, the ,
balance pay the easy way. Forget
old If. C. of h. and
New York Outfitting Co. Ltd.
143 Hastings St. West
Opp. Province Offlco
Phono Sey. ISM
Ariiniiiiilve on To])
Ono of the beat crowds Hie Federated Labor Party Debating Club
has had yet turned out to hoar the
debate on the subject, "'Resolved
that the worker cannot* better his
relative position under the present
system." t was nlso one of the
most interesting both In the points
brought out and In the discussion
which followed. The decision was
awarded to the affirmative.
The club has been debating some
very good topics of Interest to the
working class from the flrst, but
It Is only during the last month or
ho that, the increase In attendance
has been so. marked. If the club
continues .to debate livo subjects
that are boing discussed everywhere todny, then it is bound to
"go ahead" and prove itaelf a real
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Next to Merchant* Bank
educational factor. The subject to
be debated tomorrow night (Saturday) Is, "Resolved that the worker pays taxes." All meetings of
the club are .held In the Labor
Party offices, 510 Dominion Building.
The United States troops have
received orders to evacuate Siberia, without the Issuance by
the American government of a
statement regarding its policy toward Siberia and Japan, au agreement with whom on August 9,
1918, brought the American and
Japnnese  expeditions here.
Premier Mfllerand's new French
government is faced with a considerable domand among the
workers for peace with Soviet
Whero Is your union buttonl
1 The Industrinl situation in Italy haa been marked by a aerl- ,
ons lockout In the Barcelona die- '
trict, throwing thousands out of
work. Strong communist movemont has demanded socialization
of Industry.
Enough hydro-electric' energy li
running to waste in the United
States to equal the dally labor of
1,800,000,000 men, or 30 times the
adult population of the United
When   through  with  this paper,
pass it OD.
PRICK J15.00 k
226 Wast Notre Dama Stmt, Ucntml J
tention of the old order. The real
hopo of conservatism. Is that Lloyd
Georgo may eventually turn upas
tho leader of a Labor-Liberal ma
jorlty, and that he may succeed ln
keeping under parliamentary control somo part of the newly nationalized industries. For their
nationalization Is certain; and the
ocntrol of most of the activities of
the nationalized Industries by Labor unions, under thc craft system, Is alao secure. If parliament
gets as much as a veto power for
political government as opposed to
soviet or industrial government,
the middle classes may count ft a
victory.—William Allen \yhlte, in
All shoes
reduced to clear
Hundreds of Vancouver men buy their shoes at
Dick's right along—they know that Dick's
shoes are honest shoes—built to give weai' and
satisfaction—and sold at saving prices.
Dick's January Clearance
Our shoe slock must be reduced to the extent
of $25,000 before January 31. This is a big re-
duetion,,but the values and thc prices wc quote
will bring it down. H	
Look Over These Prices—Gee Hpw You Save
Boys' tan elk hide boots—solid leather—
heavy soles—a boot that will give thc boy
lots of hard wear—sizes 11 to 5%—sold
regularly at $6. To clear—
A man's dress boot of exceptional quality
—finest grade dark brown calfskin. Of
handsome appearance and great dnability
—regular $11 value—
Boys' black light and heavy Tycight boots
—sizes 11 to 5l/i—this boot was a great
value at tho regular price of $4. To clear—
Just thc boot for outdoor Winter wear—
in tan army grain or black Urus calf—has
a ten-inch top,and is guaranteed to give
first class service—sold regularly at $10.
To clear—
Thc some shoe in black—regular $10—
U. S. Army Munsbn last—best Russia calf
or box calf—a shoe built for solid com-,
fort and long, satisfactory wear—our
price is very low—
Every shoe that goes out of our store
carries with it our unconditional guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or Your
Money Back."
33-45-47-49 Hastings St. E.


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