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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 18, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 42
\ 0
OKJ. »2.00
)       $1.50 PER YEAR
There Is No Precedent for
Recent Action of
The Experience of England
and Australia Is to
Ignore It
[By Jas, H. McVety]
According to popular opinion in all
classes of thc community, tho saying
that "Fools rush in whero angels fear
to tread," applies, vory aptly, to the
last order-in-council, prohibiting strikes
in industries covered by tho Industrial
Disputes Act, and virtually bringing
nbout a condition of industrial, in addition to tho military conscription in
those industries.
Assists Victory Loan
Just why this asinino order should
have been issued at a Mine when there
are fewer strikes in progress or contemplated than ut any time sinco the war
started, is a subject of frequent discussion, particularly among citizens who
arc active in boosting the success of
the Vietory Loan. They begin to appreciate why the workmen are so wild-.*
ly enthusiastic over any proposal of tho
Ottawa government in general, und tho
Department of Labor in particular.
Probably this is the contribution of the
Department of Labor to the Department of Finance f
History of Compulsory Arbitration
About the time the Laurier government passed the Industrial Disputes
Act (1907), tho govornment of Australia enacted a measure providing for
compulsory arbitration of all disputes
*—the state becoming tho final priee ad*
juster for the commodity labor power.
With it woro incorporated penalty sections providing fines and imprisonment
for strikers. But tho Australians found
that two things occurred—first the
workmen had to organize to take full
advantage of the arbitration courts and
seoond, that tho members would, under
certain circumstances, go on strike, jail
or no jail. After ton years' experience
the act'has been amended greatly modifying the penalties provided, a course
conceded by many to mean the abandonment of the principle of the act as
unsuitable as a solution of wage problems.
Conditions in England
Compared industrially, both Canada
and Australia sink into insignificance,
and yot with aU the strikes and industrial disturbuuecs that have occurred in
thc little island during thc progress of
tho war, many of them in tho dssotialy
war industries, the government has
carefully avoided nny attempt at compulsory arbitration. The writer, however, does not desire to creato the impression that conditions in England
have been by any means ideal, but that
extreme measures such ns the Crothers
ordor-in-council hnve been rendered unnecessary by the adoption of other methods.
The "Whiteley" Beport
A committm of the British House of
Commons has been in existence for
several years, better known as the
Whiteley committee, no doubt because
Mr. J. H. Whiteloy is the chairman of
the committee. After making numerous recommendations the report of this
body concludes as follows:
"15. The question whether awards
and agreements should be made enforceable by moans of monetary or other
pcnulticB was examined exhaustively by
the industrial council in an inquiry commenced in 1912, and the committoe eon-
cur generally in the views expressed in
the report made bv the council in 1913
(Cd. 0952) to thc effect that, while it
is to the interests of both employers
and workpeople and tho community generally that industrial agreements should
be duly fulfilled, in the long run this
object is more likely to bo secured by
an increased regard for moral obligation, respect for an instructed publie
opinion, and reliance on the principles
of mutual consent rathor than by the
establishment of monetary penalties.
"10. Our conclusions .therefore, aro
that (a) whilst wo are opposed to uny
system of compulsory arbitration, we
nro in fnvor of an extension of voluntary machinery for tho adjustment of
disputes. Where thc parties aro unable
to adjust their 'differences we think thut
there should bc means by which an independent inquiry may bc made into
the facts and circumstances of a dispute, and an authoritative pronouncement made thereon, though wc do not
think that there should bo any compulsory power of delaying strikes and
lockouts; (b) we further recommend
that there should be established a
standing arbitration council for cbbcs
where tne parties wish to refer any dispute to arbitration, though it is ■desirable that suitable single arbitrators
should be available where the parties so
No Sacred Precedent
The greatest difficulty with ony lawyer ploced in an administrative position
is to induce thc breaking ,of new
ground. In the case of thc minister of
Labor ,this has heretofore been pnrtic
ulorly difficult except possibly where
an organization was being hampered,
and required a liberal interpretation of
the Disputes Aet or some other statute,
when some unique decision would bo
readily forthcoming. For instance, the
minister has ruled, that laundry work
is not an industry; that a board ennnot be appointed where more thnn one
employer is affected j that master and
mates'arc neithor "clerical or manual
laborers," and do not eome within the
provisions of the act; that civic em
ployees, although hold for years to be
covered, are not new covered except by
joint application of workmen and employer.
Cannot Be Justified
Thoro is no justification for the minister's position in the present instance.
Enforcement of the law will, without
Men Stand Pat for Recognition and Reinstatement
of Members
Tho mombors of tho International
Brotherhood of Bailway Clerks and
Freight Handlers are still on striko.
Both sides arc standing firm. During
tho week tho company made a proposition to tho effoct that all employees at
different pointB except (Calgary) would
bo reinstated on application. At Calgary 25 employoes would bo reinstated
at once, and the remainder from time
to time as thoir services would be required. This proposal the man could
not accept, for the reason that they
recognize that the timo would nevor
como whon their services would be required. The»action of tho men has
lortcd to tho limit at Calgary,
derated trades there walked
aturday morning twelvo hun-
_*, The Trades and Labor
Calgary and Winnipeg have
he men's action, and the
■develop, especially in view
mt order-in council, which
;orrod the men in Calgary
the action they did. Tho
ion is being discussed by
Federated Trades hore,
■pected "that the requests
yees at Calgary will be
ienator Robertson so informed. Tho men aro standing firm for
recognition and reinstatement of all
employees now affected. A resolution
was passed at a special meeting of the
men on Thursday expressing deep sympathy with the family of threo young
children of the late Thos. Harden,
whose unfortunate death was reported
in the press of Wednesday, and a committeo was appointed to tako full
charge of thc funeral arrangements.
All outside employees of the city of
Calgary have quit work in sympathy
with the strikers, and include tho men
engaged in the waterworks, the eloctrical, health and streot cleaning departments, and it iB sai-d that the street
car men will follow suit. Workors in
Mooso Jaw have also quit in sympathy
with their fellow workers in tho railroad industry. As a result of a conference between tho C. P. B. and Senator
Robertson, a fresh proposal is to bo
offered to the strikers, tho company
agreeing to take all the mon back except at Calgary, where it will take 75
per cent, of the men back at once and
tho balanco as soon as possible. This
is not, however, likely to be accepted.
The Minister of Labor has issued orders
to prosecute a number of tho strikers
at Calgary under the recont. order-in-
Horse Show Meeting
At the beginning of hiB Victory Loan
speech in tho Horso Show building, to
an audienco of about 2000, on Tuesday
ovoning, Sir Thomas White, Ministor of
Finnnco, remarked that ho used to like
to arrungo his financial affairs for somo
considerable time ahead. But now, he
said: *,
I do not usk to see
The distant scene.   One step ahead is
enough for me.''
The audience laughed a littlo, of
course; just the same it looked as if
Sir Thomas felt that "sufficient unto
the day is the evil thereof." But doos
the honorable minister remember that
warning in the Proverbs of Solomon,
tho son of David, king of Israel? It
runs liko this: "Whero there is no vision, tho people perish." To those who
wore anxious about '' security'' for
their monoy, ho gavo the Irishman's
cure for insomnia—just to "go to sleep
and forgot all about it."
At tho last meeting of the Musicians
Union it was decided to support the
Victory Loan and Bro. J. T. Rendle
wus appointed to net on tho Victory
Loan committee.
doubt, lead to worse evils from the
standpoint of production ,and the
workers uf this country nro not more
likely to accept the new order than
were thc Australians, or the Welsh miners when compulsion was tried on thom
at the beginning of the war.   Tho pro-
*rb tnat "you can lend a horse to the
water, but' you cannot make him
drink," appears to apply in the presont.
ctfso, and the minister may bo responsible for a condition in (his country hitherto unknown.
In the meantime, the Victory Loan
committeemen are cursing the minister
several languages.
MONDAY, Oct. 21— Boilormuk-
ers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Telephone Operators, Machinists No. 720,
Tailors Executivo, Policemen,
Street Railwaymen rs executive.
TUESDAY, Oct. 22 — Locul
Freight Hnmllers concert, Barbers, Boilermakers Kel'ief
Board, Machinists No. 777,
Amalgamated Carpenters.
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23—Gas
Workers, Metal Trades Couneil,
Boilermakers Examining Beard,
Laundry Workers, Teamsters
and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, Oct. 24—Caulkers,
Sheet Metal Workers, Shipwrights, Machinists No. 182.
FRIDAY, Oet. 25—Pilo Drivers
and Wooden Bridgomon* Jewelry Workers, Boilermakers
Executive, Shipyard Laborers,
Plumbers, Mill and Factory
Workers, Warehousemen.
Mr.   Bulger,   Fair   Wage
Officer, Should Meet
the Men
On Sunday night' last a splendid
meeting of the Nanaimo Local of thc
U. M. W. of A. was held in the Forrester's Hall. International organizer
Dave Bees gave a most forceful talk
which wos well appreciated. Amongst
other things the suggested advance of
75 centB per day was dealt with. In
this respect tho fair wage officer
should note that there are six local
unions of tho U. M. W. of A. on Vancouver Island and thore are other
sources besides the respective coal company offices'where tho personnel of the
officers* and membership of the respective local unions might bc ascertained.
Furthor, it might be noted that thc
vnrious orders-in-council might bo construed as giving certnin rights to or-
id Labor. If the construction placed
upon said oi-.ilor.-i is somewhat approaching correct, it would not bo anything
savoring misdemeanor for the fair wage
officer to have a casual chat with some
of the union members when wage
quostions are under consideration,
especially when tho proposed advances
are offered with set conditions. It is
reasonable andtfair that the workmen
should know what they aro getting.
Again it might be udvisable that when
the fair wago officer conducts any negotiations in the futuro for tho Island
miners, that such negotiations bc conducted in a manner that will at any
time bear the searchlight of investigation. ,
Fod readers will kindly pass the
word around that there will be a meeting of the Nanaimo Local on Sunday
noxt at the Forresters Hall at 7.30 p.m.,
and the organizer can be found at
Boom 1, Freo Press Block, Nanaimo.
Join the organization now. You mny
bo prevented by order-in-council tomorrow.
Attempt to Employ Asiatics
Proves a Dismal
All Members of Organized
Labor Are Heartily
The following committee elootod to
carry out the necessnry arrangements
for thc Electrical Workers' dance
Lester Court on the 23rd arc sparing
no efforts to make the affair the best of
the season. Tho committee is as follows: Misses Lnwlor, Trotter, McLean,
Campbell, Rudcliffe und Burrows of
the Telephone Operators, and J. P.
Scott, J. McBride, W. Kyun, J. D. Mc-
Daniels, F. G. Tennunt and J. C. Water-
bury, representing Local 213.
A hearty invitation is offered to
members of organized Labor to take
in this social affair. A good time is assured to all those attending. The price
of admission i'or gents is $1, Indies 50
cents. Everybody welcome that carries a card.
Members Are Prepared To
Stay With Demand for
Closed Shop
Boyond a plaint from the Laundry
Owners advertised.in the press, nothing
of any great moment has occurred in
the strike during tho week. In their
appeal to tho public, the owners say
that they have agreed to all the demands of tho union except the closed
shop. They overlook the fact, and wish
the public to overlook it also, that by
calmly ignoring nil the efforts of thi
employees to remedy their grievances,
by discharging and other intimidating
acts ,they themselves forced tho formation of n union, and the subsequent
strike. By agreeing now to tho wage
schedule, they admit that the grievances
were well founded. Ou the closed shop,
however, thoy say they uro adamant.
In other words, they want thc door loft
open to enable them to creep in and
steal all that thoy havo been forced to
concede by the strike. The Laundry
Workers Union is fully alive to thc
stuation. Without a closed shop, they
Know that there would not oo a union
workor in tho laundries in a fow weoks,
and rather than give in on the point,
the union is prepared to stay out till
the crack of doom. Abortive efforts
have been made during the week to introduce* Japanese and Chineso labor
into the laundries, which all goes to
show the intentions of the proprietors.
They would plead inability to get white
help, and introduce Orientnl labor to
break the union.
In their effusion, they put up a plea
for the "large number" of employees
who huve stood by them, which is st
much balderdash. Eighty-live per eent
of the Laundry Workers are in and
standing loyally by the union. They
say that the union members wish to
discriminate against the smnll percentage left. The fact is thnt they dangled a brilliant bait in front of the poor
innocents to induce them to stay with
them .and now thev Hnd that they cannot (111 the bill, Well, that is their
lookout. They made the promises, and
if they cannot fulfill them, they must
make the best explanation they can to
those they have -duped.
The opinion of the union is that they
wish the whole 15 per cent, of them
in the bottom of the creek. What the
union is concerned about is that the
owners shall not be able to discriminate against the membors to the advantage of these few; indeed, unless
they think they are fools, they cannot
expect any other attitude.
At thc regular genoral meeting on
Wednesday night, Miss Gutteridge reported that subscriptions were flowing
freely into the strike fund, and pro*
gress was ropdrted. Thc meeting adjourned with an expectant look toward
the Trades and Labor Conncil meeting
on the following night.
Charged With Sedition and
Trial To Be Held at
Tommy" Roberts, organizor of the
metalliferous minors at Silverton, is in
tho clutches of the law. He has beon a
vory activo member of tho Labor movement for some little time, and the mem-!
bers of tho MinerB Union are of thc
opinion that he has been charged, not
because of his statements, but because
of his activities in the Labor movement.
Tommy is charged with sedition. It
appears that he held a rather heated
conversation with two individuals, one
a representative of the Great War Veterans Journal, nnd the othor a representative of the International correspondence school. It appears that Roberts was asked to subscribe for thc
War Veterans Journal, nnd in the conversation, he was asked if ho did not
wnnt to obtain some informntion as to
the returned soldiers; ho replied' thai
he could get that information from The
B. C. Federation ist. This started a
discussion on the position of the working class ,and one of the parties to the
dispute informed Roberts that he would
have him put over the road. Evidently
he has carried out his threat, and
Tommy is to bc tried at Nelson. The
Dominion executive of the S. 1\ of O.
have hud W. W. Lefeaux in Silverton
to investigate the case, and have engaged J. E. Bird to defend hiin. Contributions for the defense of Roberts
can be sent to that organization.
Shipyard Laborers
Al the meeting of above union, oi
Friday Utst, Bro. Boult in the chair.
It wub decided to support the Lnundry Workers to tho utmost; und n further $100 was voted to* the strike fund.
The recommendations of the Metnl
Trades Council in regard to a quarterly,       .
working card  and the  interchange pf Service nnv
transfers from one union  to nnother, I service,
was heartily endorsed. Pftn
Tho husiness agent was asked, when   r,,('"
in Vietoria, to get in touch with the ilH
loeal there as to the adjust lit award [llH
on the Robertson agreement, and (in<l|Tm'1 «W
out what their opinion of the matter Ib, companies
The business agent, Bro. Leo, return- fro a !«"' unto il.emselv.-s, and .,,.„■ ■--
cd on Tuosday, and advices that at pre-1 J|"Cn to moot the men   n  any  \\n>
sent there is a surplus of Labor for tho pore resignations arc  o tako effect to
shipyards in Victoria, and that thoro W unless rocognt ion,is grunted,
are   a   number -of   men   walking  the
streels in thnt eity wniting further de-      If you know a stenographer or offic*
velopments,   So fiir only n few frames worker roo that they nre fully infon
have beon erected in onch yard. as to the organization of these work
Marine Engineers Adopt Same Course
as Masters and Mates to Secure
Recognition of Union
The  Murine  Engineers in  the Coast
led to resign from the
iho larger   steamship   com-
nler thai -they may secure
ignition of their organization.   Just
it was in the case of the Masters
I Mates, the smaller concerns have
men's demands, but the larger
evidently  think  that   they
Recent  Order  in  Council
Comes Up for Discussion
At th.
makers, the letter from the mayor re
the Victory Loan was read. A reply
was sent to the effoct that as the tnem-
liers of the organizntion were only
earning barely sufficient to enable them
to live they could not see their way
to participate in the loan.
[By Walter Head]
Thc members of Local 620, Steam and
Operating Engineers, met in regular fes-
sion on Monday, October 14. I The fact
of this date being set apart by the
powors that bc as a day of thanksgiving
did not provcuj this local from carrying
on as usual; presumably the members
huve not found enough to give thanks
for, however. Tho meeting was conducted along the same lines as meetings
held on i-.uy other ordinary day, and
thoro was not much thanksgiving about
it, either.
An official letter was read from somo
of the champions of domocracy across
the line to the south of us. The gist of
the letter wos that inasmuch as the paid
officials of the A. F. of L. had consistently assisted "their" government in
this hour of her national peril, etc., and
so forth, nnd that, they, they said of-
ciols wero of moro uso to tho govornment in their present capacity than they
would bo wore they drafted to war, it
would bo advisable to petition tho government to grant these individuals exomption from military sorvice. These
gentlemen are perfectly willing to sacri
fico every last man in thc ranks of or
gninzed labor, but they wish the sacri
fico to stop when it reaches them. This
communication wns ordered by tho senders to be read at three successive
meetings, but the members of Locnl 620
not being in need of an emetic at present, considered otherwise, and ordered
it flled.
The next communication was from
Mayor Gale, asking that one of our
members be appointed on the Victory
Loan committee. This missive wns
also filed.
An appeal was received on behalf of
tho Laundry Workers ,asking for support for a general strike, should that
become necessary. In the discussion
that took place, the recent order-in-
council forbidding thc mule to balk was
considered, and the general opinion was
that it can't be did, and, of course, the
sanctity of the agreement was put up
as an obstacle, as usual.
A motion was passed instructing thc
Trades and Labor Council dolegates to
vote for a general striko to assist the
Laundry Workers, and Freight Handlers; and if nocesBary, as a protest
againBt the recont order-in-council,
which makos the inalienable right to be
lazy "verboten."
At a recent meeting a motion was
passed that had for its object the .setting apart of fifteen minutes of each
meeting for educational purposes, and
judging from the discussions that took
place under this hend, our membership
certninly     realizes     what    education
means.   It was pointed out that the engineer did not use any guess work methods in  looking after the machinery
;entrusted   to   his   eare,   but   when   it
comes to  studying  the mechanism  of
the system of production undor which
he obtains his living,  he is too prone
to let things slide, uso guess work, and
neglect to put in ns much time study
ing his economic position as he does to
studying thc machinery under his eare.
A   general   discussion   look   place   in
whieh  many  of the  inconsistencies of
our beautiful system were exposed, such
as the phenomena of food products being nllowed to rot because they eould
not bc sold at a profit, and the fnct
of members of the parasitic class living
in     the     mansions    on     Shaughnessy
Heights, and   thc   workers who   built
those mansions living in shacks.
The election of two delegates to the
Metal Trades Council was loft over for
Supports Freight Handlers
and  WiU Oppose
Appoints Delegates to Soldiers' Dependents
The Trades and Labor Council held
one of the busiest meeting! that hu
beon held for many months lut night,
the council not coming to adjournment
until 11.30 p.m.
The main topics under discussion
wore the strike of tho Laundry Workora, tho striko of tho Freight Handler!,
ussisting the soldiors' dependents in
their efforts to socure largor allowances,
and tho Victory Loan. After tho situation had beon explained by Miss Gutteridge as to the laundry strike the
recommendation of the executive, whieh
was that tho council recommend to the
various affiliated unions that they u-
sess thoir membership the sum of ono
dollar per month, and that paymonte
from this assessment be made to the
striking workors ovory weok, wu
adopted. Miss Guttoridge in her report on the situation statod tbat the
employers had tried to obtain Asiatic
labor to work in tho laundries, but that
they had* not been successful. She alao
stated that the actions of the employers in connection with the pickets wu
very paltry and lacking in ordinary dignity.
Somen* Dependents
Mrs. Lorrimer of the committee appointed at tho meeting held in O'Brien
Hall on Wednesday evening to deviae
ways and means of holding a mua
meeting in the city in order that the
case of the soldiers' dependents might
bo ventilated, was given the floor. In
a splendid speech she outlined the objects of the committee and uked for
the support of tho council, and that
throe delegates be appointed to usist
the committee. On recommendation of
the executive this wu concurred in,
and Dolegates Pritchard, Kavanagh and
President Winch were appointed.
Freight Handlers
Tho counoil endorsed tho action of
the Freight Handlers, and decided to
support any member of the organization who was penalized under the order-in-council forbidding strikes. This
action wos takon aftor tho delegate**
of the organization in question had explained tho reasons for the strike, and
whicli nre fully reported in another
column in this issue.
Ilist meeting of thn Boiler- one moeting, in order to givo tlie Slli*>-
yard Engineers it churice to attend to
their business, when they have got over
being thankful for li'ftvlng it steady
job, so thc aforesaid Shipyard Engineers are requested to make a special
effort to be on hand next Monday rtighl
when, in addition to the election'of two
more delegates to the Metal Trades
Council, other matters of extreme importance to them will lie brought up.
"Parm"  at  the  Rex  and
Woodsworth at the
As it is impossible to accommodate
the crowd comfortably in one theatre
the Broadway has Doon engaged for n
series of meetings in nddition to the
usual meeting at the Hex on .Sunday
evenings. The South End executive
will have charge of the Broadway
meeting for which Mr. Woodsworth's
subject on Sunday is "After the War!
What?" This theatre has been secured as it is the most convenient for
the large membership resident in tho
south end of* Greater Vancouver, and
is, moreover, one of the best theatres
for the purpose in the eity. Mr.
Woodsworth will occupy the platform
for the lirst four .Sundays.
For the Hex meeting! Mr. Hnw-
fhornthwnite had been billed, but he is
unable to com<' at this date and Mr.
1'ettipieee will address the meetings
upon '' War-Time Changes.'' There
will bo organ recitals at both meetings
commencing at 7.30.
The Bakers of the city nre still mak
ing progress. Good meetings arc be
ing held, and there is nn friction be
tween the local ami the employers
Many bakers are coming into town
from eastern points, bnt. as then1 an
already plenty of men to (ill nil posi
turns the market is becoming some
what crowded.
1'ntronize B. 0. Federntionist ftdvo
tisers and tell them why you do so.
Midgley Down With "Plu."
V. K. Midgley, secretary and business |
ngent of the Vancouver   Trades   andl
Labor Council, is down with the Spun-:
ish  influenza.    His mnny friends will j
wish   him  a   speedy   recovery.    Latest i
reports are to the effect thatj he is progressing as favorably as can be ex-
poctod.    Midgley was out nt  locn on
Tuesday night when the first symptoms
developed,   and   the   long   trip   ItttC   nl
night   diil  not  nssist him nny.
| Mrs. .1. M. Dwyor, the wife of a
WOlMcnOWII member nf the Teamsters
Union, passed away Tuesday evening.
The funeral service will be held at the
ed   parlors  of  Nunn,  Thompson   &   Ch'gg.
is. I Saturday afternoon at  2 o'clock.
Labor Party
and Dance
Ladles, 25c
at  S o'clock nnd  Dl
from  ft to   12
Tickets   at  Federatlonist  Office
Victory Loan aud Discrimination
Presidont Winch raised the question
oi' (he coercion of the workers in order
to compel them info taking Victory
Bonds. He stated that he wns in possession of informntion that this mothod
was to be adopted, and thnt he considered the council should take some
stand 011 this question. Ho nsked Del.
Kaviiiiiigh to take the chair, ond then
moved a motion to the effect that the
council would support, to tho limit any
worker who was -discriminated against
by his employer for not taking a Victory Bond. Del. Kavanagh stated that
he had gdod reason to know that the
feara of the president were well grounded, and he read an extract from Ihe
Province which stated "thnt an editor
from Senttle had addressed the Victory
Loan committee, and thnt he hud suid
that while it. might sound like Prussianism, that these methods had
been used in tho city he came from,
and thnt after the lust drive Bome 300
men were placed in the internment,
camp as a result. He also went into
the details of how this was carried
out." Del. Kavanagh stuted that there
were good grounds for thinking that
this kind of method would be adopted
in the city. Del. Pritchard stated that,
the mayor had written to thc smaller
locals but had not done so to the larger
organizations, nnd asked what would bo
done with the members of lubor on tin;
industrial committee. President Winch
appealed for the right of each mnn to
hold his own opinion, und stuted thut
no mon should be ridiculed. This was
after Del. Showier had stated why he
was on the committee, and gave as his
reason the fact that it was his desire,
to protect the membors of his organization, and let labor hnve the* credit,
for what it did in connection wilh tht*
After considerable discussion the-
umt ion was adopted, as wns a motion'
lo ask the organizations who had appointed u member io the industrial1
committee, on proof of any employer
discriminating against any employee"
that did not purchase a bond, to nt
once withdraw their representative
from tho committee. Considerable dis*
cussion took place before the motions
were passed, and Del. Youhill of the
Typos stated that his organization
would certainly not bc a party to nny
siicli methods and that he did not think
they wero to be used.
Amendment to Constitution
The amendment to the constitution to
the effect, that the council have tho
power to assess local unions for the
purpose of raising strike funds wns
read a second time and finally adopted.
Del. Knvanngh stnted' that he supported the motion, as the times wero
changing and new methods were needed, and quick uction wns noeossnfy.
Del. Youhill stated that his organization was opposed to the proposal.
A motion to supply ench local with a
copy of Ihe minutes of Ihe council
meeting wus defented. Del. Burgess
moved that the council endorse u proposal fo provide for nil the helpers
in the Motal Trades being included in
I he one organization. Del. Phelps
pointed out thnt owing tn the changing
nf the work of the helpers some of
them were compelled in cany more
thnn one curd, und the proposal, wliich
hnd been endorsed by the Metnl Trades
Council, was to overcome this dlffioul-
(Continucd on Puge S) PAGE TWO
FBIDAY. .October 18, 1918
Hfim     BUT!
Lots of Cloth
and Lots of Class
THERE'S lots of cloth and plenty
of class in TWIN BUTE work
shirts. Both the flannel and the
mackinaw Twin Bute work-shirts are remarkably
good; double-stitched seams, machine-sewn buttons, all-wool cloth and plenty of it; good, roomy,
comfortable garments; they will keep you snug
and warm on the coldest days.
Regular Values up to $37.50
O ATURDAY we place on sale 500 Men's High-
grade Suits and Overcoats, in every new style
and every wanted color; best English suitings and
"The Store That'i Alwaya Buiy"
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU Allow
We Daunt Trade Union Patronage
No. 1   . No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
Canadian Northern Railway
Loweit Pouible Panenger Farei
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant*
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
..6 for 251
...5 for 25<.
..4 I'or m*tt>
SUNLIGHT 80AP — Regular 3 for 25c, Saturday
only 4 for ___
STRONG CHEESE, pur pound..
..3 I'or 25«?
..3 for 25<*t
 30* lit
 30* ll>
VICTORY ROLL BACON, from 8 to 4 lbs. eachi rogu-
lar 41'/2e lb., Saturday only  : 38'/2* Hi
123 Hastings Street East Phone Sey. 326?
830 Granville Street Phone Sey. 866
3260 Main Street Phone Fair. 1683
Revolution Already Started
and New Order Is
In this articlo Arthur Henderson,
loader of tho British Labor Party, expresses the opinion that the old order
of society has dissolved, and a now
one is taking its place. The peoplo
havo discovered their power, and never
again will they be driven into war by
the sinister forces which seek to glorify their own names, and to feed their
own ambitions.
With the coming of peaco the world
will enter upon an era of revolutionary
change to which there is no parallel in
history. In this country, as in overy
other, tho war has already profoundly
modified the economic systom of prewar days, and has introduced far-
reaching innovations into industry.
Methods of Stato control which would
once have been regarded as intolerable
infringements of the rights and liberties both of employers and workmon
have been accepted without effective
protest oven from those bred in the
individualist tradition of the last century.
Some of these changes are admittedly
only temporary and provisional. Thoy
wcro. dictated by national necessity,
and were introduced upon the explicit
understanding that an unprecedented
situation had arisen which called for
bold and drastic hieasures. Those measures which relate to trade union practices and customs in the workshops, in
particular, are governed by strict
pledges for tho restoration of pre-war
conditions when the national crisis is
Revolution Already Started
Nevertheless, tho extent and
portance of these changes in methods
of production, the control of industry,
the management and distribution of
labor, and the limitations imposed upon
the activities of financiers and the enterprises of individual capitalists, practically involve a revolution, the effects
of which will remain when the necessity which gavo thom their sanction has
passed away. Most of them are permanent.
In four crovvded and evontful years
wc have gathered the fruits of a century of economic ovolution. We have
entered upon a new world. With "the
main features of this new world we
are still unfamiliar. We cannot yet begin to measure the material effects of
the war upon tho commercial and industrial systom upon which 'our civilization has been based.
Old Order Dissolved
Still less can wc estimate tne results of the inner revoltuion of thought
and feeling which has accomplished
theso material changes. Yet we are beginning dimly to soe that tho old order
of society has dissolved. ■ A now social ordor is taking shape oven in the
midst of the stress and peril of the
The revolution is fundamental, for it
touches tho springs of action in the
great mass of the common people.
Greater changes in thc material structure of socioty havo still to come, but
they will bo dictated not by the exigencies of war but by thc new democratic
consciousness and the new social con?
science which havo come to birth in the
long agony of the prosent struggle.
The People Supreme
Tho people have been taught by
events, better than by any process of
rational argument, that they alone
make war possible, though they alone
have no hand in fashioning thc policies
that lead to war; their energy, devotion, and sacrifice, in trench, Held and
factory, are qualities which their rulers
exploit when thoy quarrel with ono another. In timos of peace tho people
feel that thoy arc nothing; when wnr
comes thoy arc found to bo everything.
War is possible only because the skill
and bravery of the common poople,
their immense industry, their patient
endurance, their direct and simple
sense of right nnd wrong, give thc
world's rulers a feeling of power which
they use, not to ensure the happiness
and prosperity of thc multitudes of
humble folk, but to glorify their own
names and to feed their insensate ambitions.
Overcoming Sinister Forces
The poople have discovered this, and
learning it thoy have discovered
their own powor. Never again, we may
be sure, will the people allow themselveB to be driven helplessly into war
by these sinister forces. Neither will
they bc able henceforth to see as
enemies thc people of other countries
who are like themselves the victims of
the militarist imperialism and secret
diplomacy of their rulers.
Internationalism as un organized
movement may have been temporarily
broken down in this war. But thc
spirit of internationalism, thc consciousness of the solidarity of peoples,
tlie democratic vision which ovorlooks
the artificial frontiers wliich keep the
peoples apart, will grow stronger the
longer the war continues.
Entente Peoples
In the midst of the universal horror
of the battlefield something like an
entento of the peoples has been established. The democracies of tho world
begin to understand one another. Some
of the old misunderstandings and prejudices, intensified by the bitterness
of the present mad struggle, may flourish for some time after the war. Old
icalousiof) die hard, new hatreds havo
been bom, human nature is human nature still.
But beneath these unnatural enmities, transcending the passionate antagonisms of the hour, now forces of
fraternity aud goodwill aro nt work,
reconciling the sundered peoples and
making a covenanted peaco possible between them, more durable than thc
treaty pence that tho official diplomacy
will presently conclude.
Unifying Democracy
In every belligerent count ry these |
healing nnd unifying forces have been
released. Nowhere—not even in Russia
—ure they yet dominant; but the de-
moorallc spirit is p^nueating every
country. Democrat ie conceptions are
Influencing the thought of every people,
who see the war as the last monstrous
produol of the economic uud social
I Inequalities of the old order of existence which dissolves nud pusses away
liko an evil drenm of the night.
j    Equality is the great human forniulu
Night Work and Overtime Is
Denounced by
Waashington, Oct. 5.—The first con*
feronce of trade-union women ever called by the United States government
concluded, its sessions recently at the
Southern Building in this city, whero
it met upon call of Miss Mary van
Klcek, director, and Miss Mary Anderson, assistant director of the Woman-in-
Inaustry Service of the Department of
Labor. Some 25 women, representing
various national and international labor
organizations, were represented at the
conference, which adopted a sot of resolutions to constitute a platform of
principles for co-operation of the trade
union womon with the Woman-in-In-
dustry Service.
Just bofore adjournment the delegates resolved themselves into a permanent advisOry committee to meet
from time to time with the director of
the Service, and adopted a resolution
calling for a large immediate appropriation from available emergency funds
to expand the work of the Service.
Thc platform adopted includes
emphatic demflnd for practical and
thorough application of the principle of
equal pay for equul work by women
and men, which the delegates declared
is not now enforced. It calls upon
wago boards to fix the minimum wage
for women, not on the basis of a living
for a woman alone, but for the support
of a woman with dependents, juat as
for a man with dependents. And it
calls for the same opportunity for training for women entering skilled trades
that is given to men in those industries.
Because of the neglect of women's
interests by government wago boards,
asserted by the delegates, the conference demanded the appointment of
women members on all such boards,
especially upon the National War Labor
Board. Strong protest was entered
against the Unitod States Senate in denying the President's appeal for
passage of the federal woman suffrage
Backing the policy outlined by Secretary Wilson in his address at the
opening of the conference, the delegates
declared for absolute prohibition of
night work by women on all govornment contracts except by special permit from tho Department of Labor and
tho Council of National Defense for
limited periods in particular plants
nfter declaration by tho Socrotary of
War or the Secretary of the Navy that
an emergency exists, und after a full
investigation by tho Woman-in-Industry
Another fundamental principlo
affirmed by the conference was that of
the shorter work day, delegates stating
that a serious tendency exists toward
the breaking down of this standard by
reason of the willingness of employers
to pay and of tho workors to accept
overtime rates for excessive hours. The
conference demanded the enforcement
of a maximum day of eight hours or
less, as distinguished from the bnsic
oight hours for computation of wages
with pay for ovortime, the shorter
work day being urged in the interests
of bettor health of tho workers, greater efficiency, and increased production.
In behalf of civil servico omployoes,
the conference urged revision of tho
law and regulations to insure to women
equal opportunity with men in appointments, promotions, salaries, nnd admission to examinations; tho establishment
of a personal commission or wage adjustment board on which the employees
shall be adequately represented, and
consultation with committees of employees by tho head of every department with reference to estimates or
recommendations concerning wnges or
working conditions.
Por school teachers, tho conference
demanded better pay, both in the interests of the teachers and the welfare of
thc nation,
Tho enforcement of sanitary regulations and increased, provisions for the
health and safoty of the workers was
called for,* and it was urged that stopB
be takon to insure to women and men
alike the minimum risk in hazardous
industries. Thc principlo of tealth insurance was endorsed, and a variety
of measures were advocated .for application to particular industries, especially the munition workers, electrical
workors, textile workers, and the workers in navy yards and arsenals.
On October 21, the NipiBsing Mining
Company, which oporates in Cobalt,
will disburse profits of ten por cent, to
its shareholders. The disbursement
will be in the form of the regular five
per cent, dividend and n bonus of five
per cent., mnking in nil $800,000. This
will bring the total paid this year up
to $1,500,000. The financial position
of thc Niplsslng is thc strongest in thc
company's history. Cash in bank,
Canadian und United States war bonds,
value of ore on hnnd nnd in process,
and bullion ready for shipment amount
to $3,720,92:1. Tljis compares with
$3,472,021 three months ago.
Thc membership of the National
Union of Kailwaymen in the United
Kingdom ut the ' close of 1917 was
of the coming era of revolutionary
chango. We are moving swiftly
towards a new order of society in which
the idea of equality will govern the
politicnl thinking of Iill the democracies, The freedom and frntornity of
which mon havo dreamed, which we
desire to see established in this country and extended to evory other, so
that there may be no more wars, arc
rooted in equality.
Unionism as Inspiration
It is not a new conception. It has
inspired democratic action since democrncy Ilrst took shape as an oranlzod
movement. It has been the aim of
trade unionism from its earliest beginnings, though it may not have been
consciously formulated. Itds thp aspiration of political democracy. The war
has quickened it afresh and has invested it with a new significance.
Failure to appreciate the fact that
the millds of the people have been deeply influenced by equalititrian ideals, to
imdor-osHmato the popular resentment
of class privileges, whether bused on
the uccident of birth or upon the possession of wealth, whicli the war 1ms
strengthened rather than mitigated,
will ho fn tal In the future lo governments and political parties alike.—
Exchange. v
She walks with little unborn children
clinging to her hands;
Her eyes are blue with misty dreams
that no man understands.
Upon her cheeks, upon her lips, their
little mouths are pressed,
They live within her dreamy eyes, they
sleep upon her breast.
But on their faces woe is   writ,   and
solemn wondering,
TJiey palely peer on her, and say with
mournful murmuring—
Tho man sho loved went out to war,
ho fought and bravely died,
And sho who is so beautiful will nevor
be a bride." ,
Oh, could he have so bravely gono to
fight in,far-off lands
If he, like her, had seen their eyes and
felt thoir littlo hands!
Yot thoy were near him all the while,
they clamored round his tomb,
Culling that he must come to thom to
save them from thoir doom.
Aud  weepingly they cried, and  boat
against love's fast-locked door
When hope had gone and thoy were
left and lost forevormore.
Because they beat upon her breast sho
hoard the words thoy cried,
Then with her grief she Wove a dream
to draw them to her side.
And so they came, with joyless tread,
and clung to hor dear hands,
And she is dumb with silent grief that
no man understands.  *
—Catherine 1 Kirsopp  in   the   English
Tho Brantford Cordage Company are
employing Chinese labor in their plant.
That iB what the mine owners in Nova
Scotia want to do while they have
surplus of 200,000 tons of coal which
they say they are unable to get moved.
It's to smile.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Mitel to The r.d.r»UoDUt
t%.   Pedentlonlit   U   prodaead   fron
•w   -aod.ru  aowspepor   printing   pUnt.
Opposite labor Tu-.pl.
—Boftiturtei for Labor Mtn—
Batlt—TBo tnd |1.00 ptr day.
♦4.00 psr week and np.
Oata il BauouUt tatat
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
ISO OnnfJIt Stmt
110 Huttnn Stmt Wtll
Pocket Billiard
(Bsuawlok-Balkt Oolltndtr Oo.)
—Headquarter! for Union Mtn—
Union-made    Tobaoeoe,    Olgari    anl
Olftrttttl l
Only Wbltt Htlp Bmploytd'
42 Hastings St. East
Refined Service
One Block west or Court Homo
Uie ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlon free to aU
Telephone Seymonr MIS
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces s Flnt dreamy Lather
tnd Uoes Not Dry on tht Fact
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Ctkt
Manufactured In British Columbia
Qua*1** -
7*,..   RuBSON   -.1
Ring up Phone Seymonr 2364 for
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
To make euro that she has heard
correctly, tho operator repeats after
you, tho tolephono number asked for.
If you hear this ropotition and ad-
viso the operator, ono of tho most
troublesome difficulties in tolephono
operating will be eliminated and
your servico benefited accordingly.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd,
Patronise B. O. Federationlit adver*
Users and tell thom why you do so,
You will qot
be "soaked"
_ So many people neglect
their eyes even when they
know they ihould have
them attended to—when
they know they ahould be
wearing glasses—'because
thoy are afraid thoy will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of.
tho cost.
t_ I want any of you union
men who feel that you
may require glasses—you
or your wiveB—to eome in
and lot mo examine your
eyes. Let me toll you what
it wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
•J My optical service is the
most efficient and tho most
reasonable on the coast.
Stymour IMS
Granville Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board ■
;   Licence 8—1866   ;
It's the Ambition
of most everyone to save, to accumulate, to have something;
and you '11 find the ' greatest
help in my "Pay Cash and
Carry System."
Hone}'—Quart jars   81.10
Fancy  Butter—Very  best, lb*..62c
Fancy Oatnrio OH Cheese  30c
Extracts—3 bottles  26c
Spices—;t Hns  25c
Alborta Eggs—Per dozeu  66c
Citron—Por lb 3*/*,c.
Mixed Peel—Orange and Lcmon..35c
Cranberries—Por  lb 23c
C Cakes Royal Crown Soap 21c
B. C. Washing Powder  26c
Penrlinc, large package  26c
Compound Lord—- Per lb 30c
Pure Lard—Per lb 36c
Oovernment Inspected Meats at Olose
Prices—Smoked and Cured Meats
S. T. Wallace's
U8HarttagsSt.W.     $_%££_
SEY. 1266
Clearing Ladies'
Wool Sweaters
12 only Heavy Wool Sweater
Coats. Beg. $10, at $6.95
10 only Cashmere Sweater
Coats. Beg. $13.50, at $9.98
Children's Pure Wool White
Sweater Coats; ages 1, 2, 3
years. Beg. $3.50, for $2.25
Ladies' Pure Wool Knitted
Hug - Me - Tights, sleeveless.
Beg. $2.25, for $1.85.
Same as above with sleeves.
Beg. $2.95, for $2.45.
Padded Silk Hug-Me-Tights;
sleeveless; all colors. Beg.
$1.25 for 951.
Ladies' Satin Petticoats;
black with a dainty colored
floral design around the bottom.   Beg. $3.25 for $2.95.
Saba Bros.
■CAe Silk Specialists
Keep Snug and Dry in
Suitable Clothing adds 50 per
cent, to the pleasure, com-
fort and convenience of
Hunting, Fishing or Outing
We carry ideal Shooting Coats,
Trousors, Shell Vests, Caps, Leg-   ,
gings, etc., the sort that gives you t|
splendid service ia cold, windy
and wot places.
Up-to-date  "Slickers"  in  olive
khaki, a dead grasB effect that
serves as a sbrt of "camouflage"
' for the wearer.
The best in Guns and reliable ammunition.
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
Sporting Ooods and Hardware
Near Homer
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in "every detail
dl Hastings itreet Wait
Should be in the home ef
every man-
is it or YOUR87
—Phono Fairmont I
Pboni Seymonr 7160
BUd Floor. World BoJUiB|
—Tho only Union Shop in Vancon.er—
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year'i aubicription to Tko B.
C. Federatlonlat, will bo milled to my id-
drees ln Canada for 912.60. (Good anywhere
outiide of Vancouver elty.) Order ten today.   Femlt wken aold.
Frwh Oat Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Snade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
a—STOEB8—2 «
48 Hastings Btreet East, Bey. 988-672 — 728 Oranrille Streot, 8*7. WIS
A Woman Is Often '
Judged by Her Teeth
In woman—nbovo all otbcrfl—we look for tho thingB which speak
beauty, roflnomont, neatness, and tho niootios of lifo.
A woman's face docs not carry such a massage if a glance showB
teoth which are decayed, brokon or defective or gaps caused by
missing tooth.
Call on me and let nw explain how tr ny methods I can restore
those teeth to a condition which le abore all criticism.
■C-B., lias take, if noeoi-
uiTi   tuyoir   sunilMi
BiMlnmUoni   matt  on
phono appolatnnti.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist
MS Hastings Street West, Oor. Seymonr
Offlce open' Tuesday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'Olook OPnOIAl   PAPBB   VABOOUVBB
TENTH YEAR,   No. 42
(In Vincouw**.
Olty. 13.00  )
$1.60 PER YEAR
You Spend to Enjoy
_ Your ra ise in wages is welcomed because it enables you to secure those things which make life
more enjoyable—more worth living. The pleasure of a sound and handsome equipment of
teeth is not only a luxury in itself, but it adds
so much to the general joy of living that it
should be one of the first considerations of those
who have allowed their natural equipment to
deteriorate. To enjoy good health—to enjoy the
esteem of our fellows—the good things of life—
one must have good teeth. Dental delays are not
only expensive—they are dangerous.
t_ You cannot spend your money to
hotter advantago than to havo your
mouth mado handsome and wholesome—to havo an equipment of good
teoth you cannot choose a better
timo than tho present. I shall bo
■ glad to toll you what expense this
_,      will involve.
Fine Dentistry
Friday and Saturday Specials
50c DiapepBin  -35c
75c Bisurated Magnbfiia   5-ic
25c Reid's Embrocation   16c
50c Zam Buk   83c
$1.00 Rold's Iron  und  Mux Vomica
Tablets   72o
35c Capsolin - 250
25c Reid's Boracic Ointment ...... 19c
$1.00 Nuxated Iron  _  81C
25c Reld's Bromide  Quinino Tablets
for     20c
SOo (tassel's Tablets     33c
25c Rold's Cascara Tablets   17c
50c A. B. S. & 0. Tablets   2fic
25c Dentone Tooth Paste  17c
50c Monncn's Shaving Crcnm  330
35o Peroxide Tooth Paste   24c
25c Witch Ha#el Shaving Stick .. 18c
50c Emulsified Cocoanut OU   25c
■10c Sanltol Cream   25c
50o Bay Ruin   36c
75c Creme Elcoya  67c
75o Sompre Giovino   60c
25o Reid's Witch Hazel Cream .. 16c
50c Assorted Perfumes, 1 oz  36c
60c Hind's   Cream    45c
35o Reid's Almond Cream   24c
60o Tepeco Tooth Paste   45c
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings Street West   -Phones Sey. 1966 and 1968
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 36S2
782 OranviUe Street Sermonr 7013
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway        Bay. 2314 anl 1714-0
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive
High. 286 and 1733-0
Warm and comfortable D. B. Ulsters, Raglans, Trench and
Chesterfield Coats.
UNDERWEAR—All wool, silk and wool, or cotton'and wool;
best grades and moderate prices.
OVERALLS—Union made, including Carhartt's.
Where do you buy your Shoes? Do you
know that you are doing yourself an injury by not buying Union-Made Footwear
at a Union Shoe Store.
This is the season when you need good
Footwear,    Wc   Lave   tile   best
Union Made Footwear procaruble.
We ask your consideration.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Vancouver's Onion Shoe Store
EVERYTHING in Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings is reduced to the
very lowest price. We present to tbe buying public the greatest possible opportunity
for saving money. The prices on goods that
we are offering for your approval cannot
be duplicated for years to come, after the
present stock is sold, for in many instances
our prices are lower than the manufacturers are asking today. Our guarantee
goes with every article we sell.
An Injury to One Is the Concern of All Is the Principle of Unions
Naylor Thanks All Locals
and Individuals for
[By J. Naylor]
Many years have passed since a fow
of tho wage BlaveB flrst saw the necessity of forming themselves together into
trade unions. Slow has been thc pro-
gresB, it i8 truo, but gradually moro
and more aro beginning to realizo the"
strength of organization and tho benefits to be gained, for did not Marx himsolf state that they acted well as centres of resistance against the encroach-
raonts of capitalists (I use the word
capitalists instead of capitalism) and
no ono denies that without such organizations we would be a soulless
bunch of wretches past salvation, for
although Labor power is a commodity
bought and sold on the market
tho same as any other commodity;
it also varies in price, ns doos
fine, cloth and shoddy, and it is
ia up to us workers to force ourselves
into the category of fine material and
to obliterate tho shoddy altogether. By
this I mean that we should advanco
with the means of production and advance from trade to industrial unionism. It seems that the majority of the
delegates at the convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress are opposed
to this step being taken at present;
why this is so is past my comprehension, although I know some of the
reasons, tho meal ticket not by any
meanB being tho least, but in spito of
tho backwardness of some of our officials tho signs amongst tho dues-paying
members are encouraging, for auch actions shown by tho Longshoremen a
little while ago are certainly worth
noticing, for did not the higher paid
workers Btriko to asBist tho lower paid,
a procedent that should bo followed the
world over, for this means that the
Longshoremen at least aro willing to
oblitorate the shoddy (low wages) from
thoir ranks. Another example is at thc
presont time being shown in Vancouver, for I am told that all crafts arc
giving willingly and liberally to assist
tho Laundry Workers who nre on strike
for better wages and conditions. This
is action, fellow workors, and not resolving, and is a sign of tho tlmea, and
a sign that tho spirit of unity ia growing, and let inc say hero that there is
nothing in a name, for the principle of
an injury to one is nn injury to all
can bc practised even under the crnft-
uiiion system. I .have proved this to
my satisfaction by the generous assistance given Brother Aitken and myself. For contributions were given by
all kinds of craft unions nnd Socialist
locals, and also individuals from a grca-
or part of thc Dominion. It is true
that it is only growing, ns far as thc
workers aro concerned, but aB to our
masters tho consciousness is full-grown
and is'constantly bursting like an overripe plum, but onc of these -days thc
consciousness of tho workers will grow
vory rapidly nnd that over ripe plum
will fall from tho tree, and something
better will spring from it. It seems
that tho spirit of unionism is growing
everywhere on Vancouver Island. Why
this should bc is hard for nn outsider
to understand, but to live here for a
long time one begins to realize n combination of things. We hnve thc cli-
mato which some of thc boys say.
broeds suckers, and one would be led
to believe this if the home guards were
tlio only sinners in this respect, but
when wc get men from the Crow nnd
men from Washington who come here
nnd keep their treasured union cards in
their trunks until they are i ready to
quit, it is hand to understand, nnd the
excuses they mnke are certninly amusing. It used to be a fine excuse to say
that if we woro not holding mootings
there was no need to pay dues, but
times hnve chongod. However, wc are
again holding meetings nnd the men
who used this excuao nre notably conspicuous by their absence, although
some of them bonst of being former
locnl and district officiuls. It is more
surprising whon one realizes that tho
miners here are more than a dollar a
day below the Washington scnle and
that tho supposed contract digger cun
bo pnid off at uny price, for the inan-
ngomont have the option of paying
one dollar or ten dollars a yard; in
some cases it -depends on whnt kind of
a scrapper you aro, In others how near
related you are to the boss, and whisky
also plays an important part, nnd gossip, Bay females, also cuts a figure, but
notwithstanding the whys and the
wherefores, tho facts arc there. The
digger can only command whut thc man
with tho tape is willing to givo; there
is oo limit on the dockage systom, and
the weighing of the conl ts in tho
hands of tho boss, not thnt this mnkes
nny difference to the wages of tho
digger so long ns the management has
full control of tho yardage and dockage. And again it will surprise some
to know that the selling price of Vnncouver Island coal is double or treble
the price of Washington coal. No
doubt our friends the operators will
toll us that this is on account of the
cost of production, nnd I believe they
huve mado the fuel controller nnd the
fair wage officer think this is so. How-
evor they managed it I don't know,
but I nm convinced, nnd \ hnve been
connected with mining for thirty-four
yenrs, that the pnst nnd present management is inefficient. Just let us tnke
a look nt lho preventable nccidents, for
instance, the South Wellington flood,
which wns proved to be the result of
criminal neglect- the explosion nt tho
reserve; the explosion at No. (I Cum
berlniid, and the breaking of the hoist
ing ropo at Nanalmo, besides dozens of
lesser nccidents, which could nnd would
be prevented if the men themselves
would only join together into n progressive orgnnizntion, with the principle imbued within themselves thnt nn
injury to one is an injury to nil. The
moral   is   to   organize,  educate  and
Shorter Hours Rather Than
Control of Industry
by Workers
Platform   of   New  Party
Shows Class-Consciousness of Ruling Class
September 24 saw the launching of
a "Women's Party" in the "city of
Toronto. A Mra. A. B. Ormsby presided
at the gathering at which this, party
wus organized. (' Toronto Saturday
Night," which gives an account of the
happenings at this notable gathering,
in tho same issue has a numbor of
photos of tho home and grounds of the
estimable lady that occupied the chair.
Now judging from these photos, this
lady does not reside in a locality which
is infested by mombors of the working
olass, in fact judging from tho size and
beauty of the homo and the surroundings, it would appear that this lady
was born with a silver spoon in her
mouth, or nor husband has been very
successful in '' business.'' Tho aims
and objects of , thc aforementioned
party nro illuminating, and are as follows :
The platform provides for war till
victory; restitution and restoration;
tho adoption of more vigorous war
measures, including food rationing;
reduction of non-essential industries;
ridding govornment departments of
pacifists and pro-Germans, and better
co-ordination of military, naval and
aerial efforts; tho maintenance of tho
present alliance after tho war; Canadian representation in tho British
Parliament; Imporial control of national resources, essential industries
and transportation; prevention of
German financial penetration and industrial exploitation in tho Empire by
tho measures recommended in tho
Paris Economic Conferonco, and
others; industrial reforms along tho
lino of shorter hours of labor, rather
than "control of industry by the
workers"; increased production; absolute recognition of womon by the
govornmont; equal pay for equal
wprkj equal marriago laws;' equal
parental rights; raising of ago of consent; immigration reforms; couaorva-
tion of infant life; opportunitiea of
education; a housing schemo involving the principles of co-operative
housekeeping, and many others,
"The Women's Party maintains,"
was the conclusion, "that thc internal dangers that threaten tho existence of democratic nations at thc
present time aro duo to a failure to
realize that freedom does not mean
tho absence of control und self-
discipline. Tho Women's Party is
of tho opinion that in the mind of
ovory Canadian man and women a
sense of national doty and responsibility must go together with thc
sense of individual political and economic rights."
Miss Fox thought  tho programme
could not bo complete without some
reference to national prohibition, and
tbe adoption of such a clause was decided upon.   Mrs. Brooke, an Englishwoman  recently  come   to   Toronto,
suggested in connection with housing
tho need of a fair-rent court, and she
also spoko for the adequate care of
the returned soldier and his dependent, both of which matters, it wns
snid, would como up again in connection with tho platform.
Now there arc onc or two planks in
the platform that need a little attention, nnd in vrfiw of tho fact thnt the
party took root under circumstances thnt
nre liable to lead one to believe that
this party is another of the propose
tions     launched     by     thc      ruling
class to offset the   tendency   of   the
workers to demand a greater share of
tho things thnt they produce, a little
working class analysis will not hurt.
One of tho first things that strike
the eye in, this particular aggregation
of ideffefis tlie om- dealing with "Canadian represent nt ion in the Imperinl
Parliament." Now how on earth Cimu-
linns can bo represented in the British Parliament, when the members of
tho House of Commons are elected by
British constituencies,, unless it is the
ideu to mnke Cnnnda a constituency,
or a number of constituencies, docs
nut appear clenr. li mny, however, bo
the forerunner of tlie idea of building
up nn Empire such ns the world hns
nev\r known, und which cun only be
conceived of in the mind of thnt nincl
imperialist school that resides in the
best residential districts of thc capitnl
cities of this and other provinces of
the Dominion. However, it would be a
lovely stute of affairs if the Imperial
Parliament were able to enact legislation covering the Dominion of Canada,
of which country the majority of the
members would have no knowledge or
interest, unless they were Interested in
thc B. C. Electric' Railwny Company,
or some other capitalistic concern, and
then wo could understand these gentlemen passing legislation that would for
instnnce—curtail the propensity of tho
worker in this country for asking for
increases in wuges or somo other equally ridiculous privilege or benefit.
Further along in the platform will be
noted another bright* idea. This is in
the shape of nnother plonk in tho platform. It rends: "Industrial reforms
nlong the lino of shorter hours of
lnbor, rather than control of industry
by tho workers." Other plunks it will
be noticed den] with such problems as
"incroasod production'* and "absolute
recognition of women by the government" and u lot more trash.
Now the absolute recognition of
women by thc government   would   no
doubt be brought about if all the
women would subscribe to tho above
platform; in fact* there must be a
doubt in the minds of all those that
think, as to whether or not the government is, not responsible for tho platform, for in many instances it savors
of the policy of tho government now in
power. It can rcadfly for instance be
conceived that the governmont would
favor tho programme of shorter hours
of labor in preference to tho control of
industry by the workers, and that the
increased productivity of the workors
would not be looked upon with diflfavor
by tho same body, and so on all down
the lino. However, there remains a
dim recollection in tho mind of the
writor, that not very long ago, thoso
women that wero looked" upon by the
governmont as likely to favor its policy
wore recognized and were givon tho
franchise, but as it seems hardly likely
that all tho women will lino up with
the new women's party, as the women
that woro rocognized at that time are
now of tho opinino, or tho great majority of them are of the opinion that
thoy wore handed n lemon, and that
the recognition and the way it was used
has beon a boomerang to those that
received th'o Jkvorable consideration of
tne government.
Stripped of all its camouflage, this
new party is another of thoso political
monstrosities that are from timo to
timo hatched by the hangers on or beneficiaries of tho present system. Sure
tho internal dangers are lurking in society as at presont formed, but-those
dangers are dangers to the proflt systom, and not to the interests of thc
common peoplo of the country. And to
think that'the women folk of this country now that they are to have the franchise, can be lined up on a platform
Buch as tho above is nonsonse and
shows tho frantic efforts'that are boing put forth to savo the profiteering
class from tho wrath that is to come,
and the eventual elimination of tho systom that givos'an ovor-inereaaing share
of misery to tho exploited class. Imperialism, shorter hours, or tho full
recognition of women cannot stem thc
tide of the rising industrinl democracy,
and the ladies had hotter think again,
and while they aro at it, lot them think
that the homes such as is pictured as being thc homo of Mrs. Ormsby, arc built
by thc workors, and that all that goes
to make the lives of the class to which
she must belong are also produced by
workers, and they are gotting tired of
seeing tho fruits of their toil being enjoyed by thoso that do no useful thing
in society.
Tho new Labor church in Winnipeg,
which is located in the Labor Temple
in that city, haB boen an unqualified
success ever sinco its inception and it
is evident a larger hall will havo to be
secured in which to hold tho services
as it is impossible at present to accommodate the largo crowds that turn out,
many boing unable to obtain admittance in tho present promises, and it
is necessary to bo on hand early in order to secure a scat. The Eev. Mr.
Ivens is delivering a scries of discourses on "Tho Fundamental Prob
lema of the State."
class consciousness will follow. I want
to thank one aad all for the splendid
moral nnd flnanclal support givon to
Dave Aitken nnd myself, but I nsk yon
not to forget that Brother Aitken is
still out ou luiil. his ense being ad*
journed until next May, and although
your finances won't be further drawn
upon for this case, he still needs your
moral assistance.
$45 Up
$35 Up
There's Plenty
of Money
in Vancouver at the present
time, bo much that some of it
is being spent recklessly. We
like to see money well spent
and we want you to understand
that wc give the same high
quality material and service now and at the right
We have no inflated ideas.
from us—the old-established firm. Wo
have the finest show of woolens in tho
city, without exception, and give the
greatest values.
128 Hastings St. E.
Near Theatre Royal (Old Pantages)
A delogate at the Quebec convention
states: "Thero is a vast •difference between a resolution nud^a simple motion.." Wore wo to state the delegate
was P. M. Draper you would not believe
it.   Hence we won't say it.
For your * kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump —Comox Nut —Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for yoar underfeed furnace)
JiywkiiK ill
Dreaming of by-goneadys
OT so very long age, the little pictures
this  advertisement   depicted  the
weekly routine of this busy housewife. But,
doing a little thinking, she saw where she
could save flour otherwise wasted in the
process of home baking, eliminate a lot of
worry and have 15 Extra Leisure Hours for
Every 50-lb. Sack of Flour by using baker's
bread. i
L(JOKING around I'or a loaf up to hor highest
standard, she picked ou SHELLY'S 4X Bread.
She found it to bo non-crumbling* moisture retaining; possessed of the richest of golden colored crusts
and wheatiest of flavors. Hubby enjoyed it immensely.  Now her baking hours are "bygone days."
Sold Around tbe Corner—Or Phone
Shelly Bros. Limited PAGE FOUR
...October 18,  1918
Office: Labor Temple, -105 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7-197K
Subscription. tl-60 per year;    iu Vancouver
City,  92.00;  to  unionB  Bubscrililng
in a, body, (1.25
"Unity of Labor:   tht Hops of tbo World"
PBIDAY October  18,  1918
TUE axe hus fallen, aud the government by the new method of
government that has beon evolved
during the wur period, to wit, "Order-
in-Council," lias determined that -it is
illegal   for   workers
THE OBDEB-IN-   to strike or for om-
OOUNOIL AND     ploycrs   to  cause  a
THE RESULTS     lock-out.    Now  this
decree only operates
in connection with thoso industries that
come under tho Lomioux Act; in other
words in connection with public utilities or war industries.    And no relief
can be affordod to a long-suffering pub-
He in Vancouver who through the laundry strike aro compelled to either take
their washing to tho Asiatics, or go
with dirty shirts and collars.    However, if the pressure iB great enough,
we have no doubt that the government
may see the error of its ways in this
connection, and may declare that the
laundries are a publie utility, and apply the new order to the laundry proprietors for a start; for they were the
cause of the Laundry Workers' strike.
It is very evident that "our" government has nover studied history, or if it
has, it has missed tho lesson that can
be learned from the history of nations
that have been governed by autocracies.   Not very long ago the Manchester Guardian stated "that Canada had
less liberty than any other of the allied
countries," or words to that effect. Not
having a full knowledge as to the lib-
. erties of thc other allied countries, or
thc lack of them, wo aro not in a position to stato whether this iB corroc-t or
not; the fact of tho matter is we are
not allowed to know just all that is
going on either in this country, or in
any other.   However, wo are in poases-
sion of some of thc facts aa relating to
this particular part of the world, and
at the same time have a knowledge of
what has transpired in lands where thc
autocratic method of government has
been in existence.
* * *
Repression, oppression, and aU that
they entail, have always brought about
results that were least expected, and
in this case there is no doubt that the
results that will eventually be seen will
not be to the liking of the powers that
be, nor will they be such as was expected. Wc find that sabotage, and
all the tactics of the I. W. W. type are
in every case tho outcome of the iron
heel method of subjection, wherever
adopted. Tke U. S. A. has had a good
ooal of experience in this respect. Tho
Standard Oil Company, and other large
corporations, in thoir doalings with
their employoes, have used tho tactics
that huve bred the policy of the
I. W. W., and and the politicul uutocra-
cios of thc European typo have developed the same lino of action politically.
*        *        *
not boen checked up, while every little
trouble, brought about in the main by
the employers, is placed to the credit,
or discredit, of the workers, und linked with that the slurs that have been
cust al tho*e thut have made it possible to carry on. Cries of pro-Germun
and German influences have been more
frequent' than liavo any other form of
abuse, while sueh things as were told
by the returned men who arrived on
Monday, who stute that they were fed
on food that was not fit for pigs-
while on thoir way back aeross the Atlantic—nre allowed to go without protest. It would appear that something
more tangible will have to be aeon bofore we can accept Senator Robertson's
version of the new decrees of the government. In tlie meantime wc are inclined to think that the workers will
udopt u policy to suit the needs as
occasion arises.
* * *
Summing it nil up, there can only
bo one result of the recent governmen-
tnl action, und that is to hasten the day
whou the workers will bc convinced
thut the only road to freedom lies in
politicnl uction. In every effort put
forth by the workers of this or any
other country, they aro confronted by
the political power of the employing
cluss. The power to make strikes illegal wns placed in the hands of the
govornmout by the electorate at tho
lust election, the power that it has used
in many other repressive measures wns
also given it by the people of this
country. True, camouflage was the order of the day during the election, but
if the workers cannot seo through the
camouflage, then there is no one to
blame but themselves.
* * #
Thc Sun, commenting on this latest
actiou of the government, while no
doubt stirred to make comment by political motives, asks whilo that all sec
tions of thc community aro being ask
od to take bonds to the utmost of their
ability, why dbtract attention from
this laudable object by starting a flght
between capital and labor? Sure, why
start the real flght at this time; why
not lot the workers drcum a little
longor, instead of forever calling attention to the real power of tho ruling
class, which is political, and not industrial, the industrial powor that is in
its possession being gained by political
power, and which embraces the power of
the courts, the powor of tho police, tho
army and navy, as outlined in a statement recently issued by the Minister of
Labor, wlio asks if tho "public" will
stand behind the govornment in a
policy of force in connection with labor
disputes. Woll does ho know that in
the last analysis tho power to enforco
thc laws, or tho edicts of tho government, lies in tho power of the government to control the powers of coercion
vested in the Btate by tho political
power given at tho ballot box, and that
on that alone rests itB power. The
workers have the key to the political
power; when thoy ubo it intelligently
they will gain economic power, and not
until. Meantime they must adopt such
measures as thoy are able to offset the
encroachmentB thot are made from time
to time on their few remaining liber-
tics, and of which the right to strike
is one.
Now the government of this country
has attempted to rule both industrially
and politically. In othor words tho
govornment has adopted the tactics of
the industrial autocracies by the recent order-in-council, and has also by
the same measures of suppression and
repression, attempted to set up a political autocracy such as no other conn-
try has atteraptod during tho period of
the war.
*        *        *
Senator Bobertson is reported to havo
said "that all right-thinking mon iu the
Labor movement will see that the recent order-in-council will be a benefit to
Labor, as, under the order, the employers will not bo able to reduce wnges
during the period of demobilization
unless first taking advantage of conciliation proceedings.'' This may be thc
view of thc senator, but we are inclined to think that it will not bo the
view of thc average man, and especial
ly those that have had dealings with
questions affecting wages in the past.
Let us for a moment turn to the situation as it is in the city of Vuncouvor.
Not vory long ago tho government, by
-order-in-council, Btated that the workers should have the right to organize,
.ami thut thoy should uIho be entitled
to recognition when organizod. What
however, do we flndt The Laundry
Workers had to go on strike because
the employers would not concede this
order-in-council right; tho Freight
Handlers hud to take the same course,
nnd now wo arc informed that the
Marine Engineers are compolled to
take the samo course us was taken by
the Masters and Mates in order to get
*        * *
Again the different awards that have
been rendered by the ofliciul adjuster in
the shipbuilding industry on tho coast,
although thut official was appointod by
the government, huve been ignored by
the employers, and trouble is now brewing because of thc fact that these
awurds have not heen put into effect.
The experience of the workers with
tne management of affairs in thc munitions industries, and in thc shipbuilding industry in this country, has beon
of such a naturo as to make the workers look nskunce ul any interference by
the government or anyone else in thoir
industrial relations, Moreover, the experience of the workers in thc administration of thc laws of the land would
not lead them to boliovo that tho laws
will bc enforced impartially. Will the
government tako the ompfoyors who
are now ut this time causing trouble
und strikoti, and put thom in khaki, or
if unfit for the army, put them in jnilf
Will tho government give the worker
the same benefit of tho doubt as will,
no doubt, be given to the employers?
Experience would not lead one to think
IhiH passlT'
Thc Hon. Thomas Crothers, ministor
of lubor, dealing with labor disputes,
has issued the following statement:   Tt
is illuminating, and shows thc wuy the
wind is blowing, and   evidently   was
penned ns a forerunnor to the "order-
in-council" prohibiting strikes:
This is not a  more  simple question   of  administering   tho   law   as
provided by parliament, but of enforcing the decrees of courts voluntary in their naturo, and affecting
the private rights—of working under
certain conditions   or not—of   hundreds of thousands, a question whieh
in an extreme caso, might produce a
national crisis involving   even   civil
wur.   It is a question of when a body
of strikers and a sot of employers
in a particular dispute agree to refer
it to tho preliminary court of investigation—and it may bo curried on
to the court of appeal.    Shall  tho
decision bo final for a statod period
as  originally  agreed  upon?    Or in
cuse one of the parties to the dispute failing to accept the  decision
and acting upon it, shall tho alternative be khaki, or enforced labor or
jail?   Will public opinion support the
alternative? If tho government shoulTi
adopt the alternative in a strike of
lurge proportions, of general serious
effoct, and conflict ensue, would public opinion back up the govornment,
by physical  aid, if   necessary?   Or
would it, as in the cuse of the postmen's   striko,   which    investigation
proved wus  not justified, sny  that
tire government provoked it and thus
make   matters   worse?   Without   u
strong, enlightened and healthy pub-
He opinion to back up u government,
on a  definite  policy   of  right   and
wrong,  a  grave labor issue cannot
successfully be dealt with.   Neither
strikers   nor   capitalists   will   bravo
that   kind   of   public   opinion,   hut
without it Ihey will defy anything.
Those who talk about "strong" governments, governments with "guts,"
forget that the strength of a government depends upon the strength of
the pooplo who are behind it.
Eroin the time of thc first registra
lion scheme, which was under the di
roction of B. B. Bennett, M.P., it has
been statod by politicians, by membors
of   the   cabinet,   aud others   in   high
places "that .there is no intention to
enforce industrial conscription."   It is
very evident from the above statement
of ihe ministor of labor, thut ho would
have    industrial    conscription    if   he
thought he could get away with it. Ho
asks  will  public  opinion   back  up   n
policy of* khuki  for those thut go on
strike agninst  the decisions of boards
of conciliation, or against the decisions
of the new court of appeal.   His statement, "Without a strong, enlightened
and healthy public opinion to back up
a government, on u dofinite policy of
right and wrong, a grave labor issue
cannot  bo   successfully   dealt   with,"
means, in other words, the workers can
not be compelled to return to work unless thc public will back up the government in forceful methods to drive them
back to the conditions against  which
thoy have struck.
Now the "publjo" must be token
us it* is, in the' first pluce that indefinite quantity iloscribotl us the public
should include all tho pooplo of the
country, but in official eyes, it ineuns
the "public" that, is comprised of the
employing class.    Thoir decrees, how
the acquiescence of that part of the
population of tho country, which is uot
the employing class; in other words
tlieir decrees cannot bc carried out unless the working class lay down tc
thom. Tho working class of tht; coun*
try has boen subject to many indignities since the outbreak of the war
they have invariably laid down to
them, and now that the work or fight
policy has beon adapted by the gov
ernment, by the recent order-in-council
whicli makea strikes illegal, it would
appear that that part of the "public"
that comprises thc employing class has
decided that it will support the government in tlieir determination to put into
effect industrial conscription, and the
last vestige of liberty is to be taken
from the workers. In every strike that
has tuken place on this coast, the
workers have been driven to tako this
lust resort in ordor to bring about the
conditions that they demanded, in most
if not in all cuses, their demunds have
been determined by the ever-increasing
cosl of living, and if it is a crime to
strike, in order that the workers may
not be subject to conditions that do
not in uny wuy compure with the conditions that prevailed bofore the war,
then it would appear that the result of
the war activities of tho nation, instend of giving benefits to thc common people, is to place greater burdens than ever on their shoulders. It
would uppeur to the ordinary man in
the street that the governmont is starting in at the wrong ond, and that it
should have started on tie profiteering
class first. This class has opposed the
workers in their efforts to retain their
standard of living and thuB brought
about strikes. But what can be expected? The workerB have voted for
these things, because they voted for
the govornment that is now in power,
or 'it could never have boon elected,
and cannot stay in power a minute
longer than the working class will allow it to do bo; it may drag on its existence by various methods, so long as
"the public" allows it to do bo, but
when the same people that put it there
decide that they do not want it any
longer, then it can bo eliminated. The
whole question, as Mr. Crothers says,
rests on the public or the electorate,
und tho majority of the electorate is
the workers themselves, and the governmont, and its decrees are a.reflex of
the intelligence displayed at the last
election." Wake up!
"Reconstructing Society" Is
Stirring Subject of Address at Rex
islblo, when the profiteers have ovorj  cannot  be   carric-l   out   without
A curtain has been drawn around
Bussia and consequently it is impossible for us to see the great tragedy that
is boing onacted thore. When the world
is again allowed to gazo upon the revolutionary drama it will be amazed at
thc great change that will have taken
place in that country in the, short time
it has been shut off from the public
Things will have been transformed
for tho bettor. The German troopB will
soon be withdrawn from Finland and
that means the Socialists will again
como to the fore. Ukraine will rise
againBt the Teutons and the peasants
will retake thc land from the junkers.
The working mon in Essen uro turning
againBt the Kaiser. Krupp's employeos
have voted the Socialist ticket for
many years and it iB likely to bring
thc revolutionary blood *o a boiling
point when the full extent of the German reverses is digested. Although the
Central Powors are completely defeated, yot this is tho period whon tho
Allies will be most severely tested. Tho
German diplomats will ondeavor by all
nud any moans at thoir command to
sow dissension amongst thom. An
early peace dOcB not appear possible.
The inhabitants of this planot will begin soon to look upon war as a permanent industry because they will be
wondering how they could possiblo exist if tho war ceased. Truly man is a
strange animal; he seems cursed with
the ability to move in any direction but
tho right ono. The pressure upon tho
human family, however, is now too
grent to enable capitalism to survive.
The triumph of the propertyiess cannot be long delayed. The working
man is beginning to perceive that his
hope Hob iu moving consciously forward into the now social order. The
war is bringing the slave and the master face to face, and when they know
each other as they really are both will
know what* to do.
No Function of Government
To "Wet-Nurse" Bunch
of Slaves
Probably tho best ovidenco of tho
unwaning popularity of E. T. Kingsley
was to bo seen in thc fact that the
Bex Theatre was crowded in overy
part for last Sunday evening's mooting
whon "the old man" was billed to
speak upon "Reconstructing Society."
CharleB Lpstor as chuirman opened the
nieeting with some pertinent references
to some of the up-to-date methods thut
wore being employed to suppreas every
attempt to tell the truth or to act in
accordance with il. Quoting an old
atory of William Morris of a farmer
who gave his fowls the privilege of
how they should bo cooked, and the protestations of ono rooster that he did
not wish to be cooked at all, Lestor
said this fellow "must have been a
Bolsheviki.'' Beferring to the German
money humbug, he stated that if thero
were any Gorman monoy loose in this
country, so adopt had certain classes
of the Flavelle variety and kindred
"patriots" become in annexing surplus
values that there would be mighty
littlo chance for any moro working man
to get near the trough.
Mr. Kingsley prefaced   his   speech
is being doled out to them by a grateful government, and which is augmented by charity in the shape of doles from
the patriotic fund. The whole thing iB
wrong, there should bo no need for
charity doles. The dopondents ahould
not bo called upon to live undor any
lower standard of living than they were
used to whilo thoir men folks were hero
to tnke care of them, and with the miB-
orable pittance that is now thoir lot
they muBt be in a worse position. Tho
Foderationist has beon told of many
hard cases in tho city and district, and
if thc men folks are good enough to
flght for the country and for "democracy" then tho country should see
to it that no ono of the dependents
wants for anything.
Some little timo ngo a meeting was
held in tho city hall to discuss the matter of increased allowances for the soldiers' dependents. This meoting was
largely attended by roprcsontative citizons of all walks of life. The Board of
Trado, the oity council, tho labor organizations and many othors were
represented. As a result of this meeting a memorial was sent to th-e government at Ottawa asking that tho allowances be raised to ono hundred dollars
per month. This action was endorsed
by a good many organizations in the
city; the labor organizations without
exception endorsed thc demands of the
uopendents, and not only did the local
organizat ions endorse them, but tho
United Mine Workers of District 18,
and many centrul bodies throughout tho
country have since endorsed them.
Endorsation may be well, but in view
of the utterances of the members of
tho cabinet who have been on the coast
■during Ihe pust wook, which huve not
shown uny evidence that the government intends to grunt the demunds, it
is time thut some uction wus taken
thut wilt bring homo to the governmont
the fuct thut the "public" of which
we hour so much is behind the depen
dents of the men oversells.
At a meeting held in O'Brien Hall
on Wednesday ovening, a committee
was appointed to gather representatives of the different organizations in
the city, who fuvor the demunds of
the dependents, into u lurgo committee
for the purpose of crystalizing the activities of these organizations into
something thut will be of such a nature as to lot tin? governmont seo that
the general publio demunds that the dependents of the men uverseus unt cared
for iu a proper manner, The labor organizations should be particularly interested in this matter, the turgor portion of the mon over in Franco nre
members of tho working class, they are
our own people, and if an injury to
ono is an injury to all, so far as the
working class is concerned, then tho
safeguarding of tho soldiors' dependents is tho concern of thc Labor movement.
It may bo true that thc womenfolk
of tho soldiers used thoir franchise ut
tho tost election foolishly, but then
many of the mon that aro supposed to
have intelligence greater than womon
acted just as simple, and so the mon
have nothing to plume themselves on
thoir superior wisdom, for if thoy had
huve displayed intelligence at the ballot box lust December, it is possible
thut tho soldiers' dependents would
have had someone on the Door of the
House to voice their neods and requirements. In tho meant)mo thi' dependents
are facing tho everincrousing cost of
living with the sume old pittance thut
Thore is not u single happening in
these days that does not show the baneful influences of tho capitalistic method
of production. War with all its horrors, tho maiming and destroying of
human beings in industry, disease with
its attendant death roll, can in most
cases be traced to the present system
of society.
Just now the entire country ia being ravaged by a plague of influenza.
In most' cities it is found that the
worst cases, and where thc greatest
mortality prevails are in overcrowded
arens in the citios. Tho same can bc
said of tuberculosis. The breeding
ground of this disease ia in the poverty-
stricken districts in the large centres
of population. In fact tuberculosis is a
poverty disease, tho only cure for this °lu},co
.v.n,.n*:, iw.;„„   ' t n„A „i„«*« „#   nation.
with thc statement that "no civilization based upon human alavery can long
exist." The ancient empirea of Greece,
Bome, Carthage, Egypt, Babylon und
the long Hat of otherB had all perished
through corruption which was inherent
in the system upon which they were
founded. Present day civilization was
following precisely in tho samo footsteps as the cornerstone of preaent day
society wos the slave, and overy orgunized effort was based upon the exploitation and enslavement of the producers. From thiB there was no eacapc
until the slaves understood their position, but thus equipped thoy would bc
in a position to act intelligently.
Definition of Property
We speak of property—property!
What is property? We read of the accumulation of thc wealth of nations
running into the billions of dollars till
we becomo dizzy by merely looking at
them. What is this thing of such
enormous magnitude? Not proporty, as
property is something which can bring
revenue to tho owner without any
effort on his part and thore iB only
ono animal that can be so classed—
the human animal in bondage! BondB,
stocks, interost, dividends, etc, can
eome from no other source; nothing is
rated except the slave, all of these
things are predicated upon hiB ability
to bring forth wealth for nothing.
Beal estate values without tho presence
of thc slave are worth nothing—but
tho more of thom there are the greater
the value of the real estate.
Beferring to tho C. P. B. and tho
U. S. Steel Corporation aa huge dividend-earning corporations, the speaker
quoted figures in regard to these dividends and declared that tho stockholders were merely carrying paper titles
bused upon tho continued willingness to
labor or the enforced labor of bo many
thousands of producers. Their dividends were received for an absence
from work and an ability to Bting those
who did work. The speaker had heard
of a certain story of manna coming
from Heaven, and of a whole people
being fed without working; but so contrary was this to all human experience
that he suspected there were some-
whore around aome almighty slaves
closely connected with the proposition.
He' remembered tho case of a man
who had worked during one winter for
his father, who was a tenant farmer,
for hia board only. At that timo ho
had thought that his father got this
man mighty cheap, but since he had
himself grown up he discovered that
the workers woro working for nothing
and paying their own board, and ho
had concluded that the man who had
worked for his board alono was owing
Cannot Produce by Order-in-Oouncil
By order-in-council the government
can yoke all slavos to whatever proposition they choose; but the inanimate
things which they needed could not be
got by order-in-council. They woro obtained by circulating '' promises to
pay," which in turn wero based absolutely upon the retention of tho worker in the bondage of the preaent syBtem.
Tho world's wealth consists of food,
clothing and shelter, and thero can be
accumulation" of real wealth,
only an accumulation of figures—promises to pay—which was an immortal
thing and in thc last analysis really
unredeemable. Sometime perhaps it
would require a bale of it to buy a
toothpick. It wos not so long ago that
$75 per month would buy what required
$150 to buy today. There was plenty
of curroncy in thc Southern Statea during the Civil War, but it required $100
to buy a pair of boots. In Russia today it waa much tho same and financial collapse was what was facing every
Our factory lias just turned out a splendid lino of heavy
signet rings. They aro of solid gold—substantial onough
for a lifetime's wear—and unusually noat in design.
Most men feel that a ring il needed to complete their
dress—why not one of these fine ringB for yoursolft
Store open Saturday evenings,
BT X> V C "The Hneat Diamond!
1 H A. d Procurable"
010. E. TROEBY. M.n. DU.     ,.„, Md ^^ *,„,
—b4vb Ton nom—
Don't itow ■war jroor sous mak In
■nr old eorn» wfcert lt u la dufw
from trarflan or flre.
Tk* MsrekinU Buk of Otnidt ti*
ttts yon perfect sststj for low
money, and will the you fall taakbf
■mice, whether your -leeoant |g luge
or email.
Intereit allowed on aa*doft d#H*
a. V, 8IA0BT, Muu-iar
OruvUlt and Pender
W. 0. JOT. IfaufK
diseuse being rest and plenty of nour-1    ,, , ,.     ,
ishmeut. Some years ago a prominent „No PMP ° 9« »"? imtdm' t0 a V
medical officer, n (Van that has given a »tlicr I."-*0*?10 lf,,'*, V , £Tw
denl of his life to the study of tuber* ,,™lai*'r,!s' u"d i£.fHu" StW ll?,a
eulosis, whilo lecturing in this ea*^,\_*_____[___ ™S SE. fi.°
Bank of Toronto
Assets  ...ISiOOO.000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT SiTlnge Aeooant may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
In tke names of two or mora
penona. In tkese account! either
party may algn ekeqaea or depoelt
money. For tke different memben of
a family or a Arm a Joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Intereat la
paid on balances.
Vaneoaver Branch:
Corner Baetinp and OamMa Simla
Branohei at:
Victoria, Merritt,  Haw WeatadnaUr
0mm    Bitdgai   and   muiifi
aaada aha aame shade as yon own
Dr. Gordon
Open evenings 7:80 to 8:81.
Dental none In attendance.
Over Owl Dnif Store
Fkona Say, 69S8
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
stated "that the only real remedy i'or
this disease was rest and plenty of
fresh air and good nourishing food."
At the same timo he statod "that it
seemed like irony to inform a working
man, who was afflicted with this
scourge of modern civilization, that ho
must rest and get plenty of good nourishment, for the reBt eould not be se
cured without ceasing work, and ceas*
ing work meant that he could not got
even ordinary food, let alone good
nourishing food."
Thus we see that in the first place
the cesspools of disease are created by
the need for overcrowding, which iB thc
result of poverty caused by the system,
and that the cure of. the disease is
made almost an impossibility owing to
the same cause. Poverty which must
bo the first cause, is the outcome of
the present system of production, and
it will be found to be tho cause of
most of the disease, crime and all the
other ills to which modern socioty is ad-
dictod to. The evor-present spectre of
poverty hanging over the head# of the
producing class in socioty is the cause
of more diseuse than anything else, for
the mental condition is the primury
fuctor to good health, and how the mental condition of slaves can be such aB
to entail health, while thc ever-haunting foar of poverty and want is stalking thom, we fail to see. The workers
produce all the wealth, but because of
the private ownership of the means of
production by n non-producing class,
the workers an* compelled to suffer in
wnr and in pence. Their sufferings have
shown that they possess an almost
superhuinun power of endurance, and
one-tenth, nay, a hundredth part of
that misdirected energy thut they now
use in the interests of the class that
has doininence directed into proper
channels tn tlieir own interests would
Bwoep away the causo of all their
sufferings and bring them to life in
At a public meeting held in Hamilton, Chit., Cupt. Rov. John Garbutt, a
returned chaplain, said that a propaganda should be started amongst the
men now overseas to change their way
of thinking so thnt they would more
readily lie ubsorbed into tho civil life
of the country on their return.
Wc are very much afraid that the
reverend gentleman is a little too lato
in the day, for if we mistake not that
propaganda has already beon carried
on that has changed the viows of tho
men oversous. And it would appear
thut the men that have fought for
"their eountry" aro not prepared to
enter into the civil lifo of tho country
on tho same busis as thoy were beforo
they served !n tho expeditionary forces.
As we have said beforo, thoy will not
he content, to suffer through unemployment, neither will they be content to
see their children lacking the necessities nf life, but will demand the bost
that cun be produced. T,uter they will
see Ihut this cun only be accomplished
hy changing the system under which
we ure ut present existing, and will be
found lined np with the forces that nre
now fighting for a bettor life, and to
give to the laborer the full product of
liis toil.
done by the German people themselveB,
Somo governments were promising to
the workers a greater share in tho conduct of industry, but this implied little,
if anything, as no government would
ever wet-nurse a bunch of slaves, Somo
of the antics of government were really
funny, as no amount of legislation
could over prevent an animal from
balking ia harness if it folt like it.
The speaker never advised anyone to
strike industrially, aB the only effective
Btrike wus at tho ballot box. What
they wanted was the reconstruction of
society by the exercise of reason, intelligence and concerted action,
Wire Men Organize
El Paso, Tex.—Electrical workers
employed in local railroad shops havo
Soft Drink Dispensers
The following hotels are fair to
Local 676 Soft Drink Dispensors and
worthy the support of organizod Labor.
We respectfully solicit your patronago
for them: Balmoral, Barron, Balfour,
Bodega, Canada, Commercial, Castle,
Cordova, Columbia, Clarence, Cunning-
hnm, City, Crown, Dominion, Empire,
Empress, Europe, Grand Union, Horseshoe, Irving, Klondyko, London, Lotus,
Manitoba, lietropolc, Main, Ogden's
(Coughlan's), Patricia, Regent, Rainier,
Shipyard Inn, Stratford, St. Regis,
West, Waveiiy, Woods, Leland, Grand-
viey. Yule.
Ioca Oil Workers
The Ioca Oil Workers held a well nt
tended meeting laat Tuesday, when the
question of sending a delegate to the
convention culled for the purposo of
establishing an international organization to cover all the workers in the oil
industry was dealt with. Secretary
Midgley, of the Central Body, and A.
S. Wells, of tho B. C. Federation of
Labor, addroBscd tho meeting. It was
eventually decided to take a referendum vote on tho advisability of sending a delegate to the convention at a
special meeting to be hold tonight.
W. Hardy, lato business agent of tho
Shipyard LabororB in Vancouver, has
beea a visitor this week. Bro. Hardy
hus left fnr Victoria in connection with
the businpflE ol1 the organizntion. Como
again, Bill.
Patronize B. C. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why you do so.    |
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
"The House Behind tha Goods"
is extremely refreshing and endowed with
a fragrance which is a true index to its
high quality.  Buy a 5-lb. can today.
Vancouver, B. 0.
Canada Food Board
License No. 6-642
License No. 3-158
"Only with victory can we afford to 'let up' in food
—Issued bj Canada Food Board
The Coast Stewards applied for affiliation with the Tradea Council last
night. The requcBt was complied with
and the delegates soatod.
From all points on the Pacific Coast
word is received that there is nn overabundance of lubor in the shipbuilding industry. Victorin seems to be the
worst sufferer in this respect, und there
will not be uny big demand for labor
iu thnt city for some time
If Ton ut owuiderlD*- th. pnnkH*
or llile ol OoTernment or Mtmielp.*
bond, flommnnlort. witk
736 OrUTUU Bt Vueoinr, B. 0
* At the J. N. Harrey Union Olothing Storei	
You will find quality better and prices more reasonable than
you expect becauso wc bought early on the lower market, but
cannot buy again at the same prices, so those who buy here
now will have great advantage in both quality and price.
OVERCOATS—ln a large variety of colorings and styles, at
$20,  $25,  $30, $35,  $40  to $50
RAINCOATS-In the new tweed-
covered styles; plain grey and
fancy plaids; some with and some
without belts.
Price* 415, $18, $20 and $25
He*<fiiM-ten for UBIob Hen's Ontlti
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alao 614-616 Yatei St., Vietoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign	 FBIDAY...
...October 18, 1918
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
What did it cost to find the—North Pole? You
don't know how many lives it cost; no more do I.
But it will cost you little effort to find the best
place in Vancouver to buy a pipe.
The Mainland Cigar Store will show you the
best selection in town and the prices will speak
for themselves.
We are selling Wellington Pipes at 75 cents, and
you will see the same pipe advertised in the
daily press at $1.25 up.
We offer you quite a large selection of shapes
and sizes at this price, 75 cents.
Vancouver  Hotel Meeting
Not Harmonious
Ladles   Auxiliary   to   Hold   Another
Dance LaBt Saturday ln
The Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary
held a busy meoting on Thursday evening, oae now member being initiated.
Tho ladies are arranging to have a
whiat drive and dance on tho laBt Saturday in November. The lodge wiBhes
to acknowledge a cheque from the Machinists Lodge  777  for Bro. Hodges'
benefit, whioh was much appreciated.
The following resolution was passed
"Whereas the soldiers' and sailors
dependents of thiB eity have formed a
league to petition the government to
meet the increase in the cost of living
and, whereas they have petitioned the
government to grant this request but
have met with an almost blank refusal,
and, whereas they are now seeking the
aid of all organizations who are in sympathy with them to support them in
their request to the government;
"Be it resolved that this organization write them offering all the assistance that wo have in our power."
The Practical Shoe Men
Wood & Son
187 Hastings Street East
(Opposite Carnegie Library)
Reliable Union Shoes for the
whole family, at workers' prices.
From $5.00 to $7.50
These Are Not Displayed in the Window
tekCa V
Sliced or by Piece—8 Cents per lb.
Soles ...
5c per lb.
...5c per lb.
Cured Fish Specials
Smoked Sallhon .'. 15c and 20c per lb.
Salt and Gray Fish 10c per lb.
Smoked Cod Fillets 15c per lb.
Bloaters—Special 4 lbs. for 25c
Smoked Pilchards 10c per lb.
Kippers 3 lbs. for 25c
Salt Herring.
...30c per doz.
THIS IS TO CERTIFY.That this Meat Market Is conducted In
accordance with the rule* of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher' Workmen of North America, A. F. of L
Therefore wt commend It to the patronage of all.
Omnia Lam
Soldiers' Womenfolk Show
They Have Opinions
of Their Own
"With all my goodly words I thee
endow*" Thua the braw bridegroota
to his bonuie bridej but whother the
bonnie bride found "goodly words" an
entirely satisfying substituto for
"worldly goods" is not recorded. As
a substitute for the neoessaries of existence, goodly words by the bushel have
been handed out again and again to
tho soldiers' dependents, and still they
don't seem satisfied) yot they have
surely had plenty of opportunity to
become accustomed to substitutes for
almost anything.
Admittedly, the soldiers' women-folk
have done groat things for the Union
government) but if they imagined the
Union govornment was out to do great
things for them, they were badly mistaken. And if they had not already
found this out it was made protty clear
to thom at tho big meeting in the Hotel
Vancouver last Friday night.
Ab chairman Logan pointed out, the
meeting had been called by the Unionists of Greater Vancouver, in support
of the government, whieh had the solo
great function of squashing the Hun
That the women should "but in" and
bother the honorable ministers on the
platform about their domestic troubles
was vexatious, to say the least of it;
it is remarkable how hard it is to convince these womon that their patriotic
duty is to starve their children as well
as themselves during the coming winter, and keep quiet about it. just
shows how stubborn and unreasonable
the female of the species oan be, where
children are concerned.
Tho Hon. Mejor-Oeneral S. C. Mewburn was the first of tho big guns to
begin "shooting off;" and, of course,
he told how nobly the government had
maintained an enormous force of 169,*
P00 mon in the field, modestly mentioning himself as "one of the many
thousand good Canadians" who had
stayed with the job. Then ho brought
out a slip of paper from an inside
pocket and read out the number of Canadian casualties for tho last two
months, 42,364, whioh he admitted was
"depressing if you let yourself give
way to it." In fact, the audience
soemed to feel that way too, for when
ho added that they must continue their
offorts "to tho last ditch," there was
but a vqry feeble attempt at applause.
As to the "next big problem" of demobilization, he was not very explicit,
merely opining that it would be
"worked out to a proper solution.
Then, condoscending to tako notlco
of "the dependents of soldiers here,"
he said that ho didn't wish to make
promises that couldn't be carried out.
Pollers would never repay the soldiers'
dependents for what thoy had given up
in this war. As to their increase of
allowance, however, he had no authority
to speak. He did think, though, that
an increase all round would be "wasteful," and so forth. But tho moment
he suggested a continuance on tho
present lines, there was such a cry
of "no charity," that ho hastenod to
add that he was only expressing his
own opinion; at which there was some
applause. He assured them of his ab-
solute sympa'thy, but declared, "When
people say the Patriotic Fund is charity. I don't agree with thom." Wheroon
tho women again showed unmistakably
that they didn't agree with him either.
Then he admitted that he thought the
government would have to "stand behind it" eventually.
At this juncture, Mtb. Lowery rose
and wanted to know about Sir John
White's statement that "we are richer
today than in 1914." To which the
honorable minister naturally replied
that "It iBn't a question of rich or
poor; it's a question of right or
wrong." At which there was great
applause during which a young "veteran" in khaki rose wrathily and triod
to mako himself hoard with something
evidently scornful about the Patriotic
Fund. Tho chairman saved the situation by calling promptly on tho next
Thc Hon. F. B. Carvell, minister of
works, then took thc floor and first of
all intimated that there would bo "no
election for somo timo to como." Proceeding, ho told of hiB trip through thc
northland—350 miles north of Edmonton—and of "the wonderful eountry
ready for the plough nnd ready for the
immigrant"; at wliich thore wore some
smilosl He reiterated that thiB gov*
rnincnt wns formed for onc purpose
only. "Wo promised to raise 100,000
n nnd we've done-it*" (A woman's
voice; "We've done it!" with an accent on tho "wo.") It wns something
magnificent, he said, the wny Canada's
sons responded. (Hear, hear.) But thon
camo a timo whon thoy didn't respond.
Thoy had to bc got "by forco if necessary," and ho saw it his duty to stand
by conscription. Hero occurred another interruption; which the honornble
minister accepted os o" challenge'' and
started off again. Then a little woman
retorted, "You've thrown mo a challenge," and a gentleman (1) noar the
front of tho audience told her peremptorily to "shut up!" The minister
then threw in another chunk of "taffy"—something nbout "400,000 of the
bravest mon on earth" and proceeded.
As to what thoy were going to do
aftor the war he was "not prepared to
say." He did bolieve, however, that
"tho people of Canada aro richer th«u
thoy evor were beforc." Here n pesky
woman butted in again with "Whyf"
"I'll toll you why," replied thc Honorable F. B.; nnd then he enlarged on
the hundreds of millions of dollars letted by the farmers. He admitted,
though, that this fabulous wealth was
"distributed not as equally, perhaps, al
some of us would wish." ("No," and
laughter.) Tho minister wns evidently
a hit "rattled," and blurted out, "I
don't know thnt there is any country in the world whore tho soldiers'
wives nro bettor used than in Canada.
You can't havo a great wur without
individual sacrifice."
His reminder thnt they had already
had a "raise" of *5 a month only
brought some more scornful  laughter,
and he intimated that they were not
to expect the ininistosr present to make
any positive pronouncement, "for
we're not going to do it." In fact, he
said plainly, "I don't know what we
are going to do!" (A woman's voice,
"Conscript wealth," and great applause.)
The honorable gentleman then started
out to show that conscription of wealth
had already taken place by taxation—
"the only way in a civilized community," and he hoped the term applied
here. Anything over 7 per cent, was
taxed, and if a corporation made over
50 per cent. (A laugh from a man with
dark whiskers) tbere was an enormous
rake-off fer the government. And $26,*
000,000 was going to be raised by income tax thia year, outside of the cor*
porations. In future the government
waa going to take even morel To
"confiscation," though, ho could not
agree. "We've gono a mighty sight
further than some people wanted us
to go," he declared. However, they
inust revile their ideas of business;
thore might oven have to be a great'
change in hia own views, for all be
The 100 millions a year for pensions,
and the 75 millions a year for interest
on, Canada's debt of 1500 millions at
5 per cont, could not be raised by the
people of Canada unless they did more
business. Hore a lady interrupted
again, and the minister impatiently replied, "Tou can't get blood out of a
stone." UnleBB the people were creating wealth, it couldn't be done. They
were "vitally interested in foreign
trade;" they muat have five or ten
times as much aa in the past (applause.)
The honorable minister next admonished the workers: "The laboring
people of Canada have got to
sit down and do some hard
thinking if they're going to prosper in
the future as they have in the past!"
They had got to compete with the rest
of the world, to produce an article aB
cheap as elsewhere. Howover he graciously conceded that "the laborer is
worthy of his hire"; but he did complain of the man who said, "I'm not
going to work any longer." (applause.)
He believed in "work or fight,"
though, he professed, "I have no fault
to find with any man who has different
opinions {rom mine." They must
"work long and work late." There
waB now no loan market open to Canada. "The only placo under Heaven
where the peoplo of Canada can got
money is to get it from themsolves,"
he declared; not tho most intelligible
way of saying things perhaps, but coming from the lips of a cabinet minister,
it muat be all right.
The coining Victory Loan was now
referred to. "Ton'vc got the money,"
thc ministor doclared with a wave of
his hnnd. "It's not only tho rich that
have got the right to subscribe to this
loan.'' He explained that they woron 't
asking for 500 millions to squander it
all; it was for tho purpose the government had in hand. Tho ministor added, "If wc fail, probably it won't be
moro than two or three years beforo
you havo an opportunity of putting us
out and putting somobody elso in." No
province had contributed so largely per
capita as B. C. Thoy must keep on
doing it, and, he concluded, "Tou 11 get
your reward here, and you'll got your
roward hereafter." That thero
great applause goes without Baying:
a Frenchman would put it.
Br. Boid, thc honorable minister of
railways, held tho boards, and oxprossed
States Church Has Been
Linked With Wealthy
Has Been Seeking to Heal
Instead of Stopping Cause
of Suffering
With the handicap of being born the
son of a countess in an environment of
luxury, surrounded with the highest
autocracy of England, and later becoming chaplain to Queen Victoria, and
thon to her son, King Edward, tho present Bishop of Oxford, the Bight Bev.
Charles Gore, member of the British
House of Lords, is willing to be class*
ea as a "Guild Soolaliat," and speaks
a hearty and vigorous word for labor
the world over.
The bishop is in this country on a
double mission. He cornea aa the messenger from the churchoa of England
to the churches of America, and also
as an advocate of the league of nations,
If anybody had aeon the bishop sitting on a hard seat in the lobby of the
Yale Club, hia grave face, with its
snowy beard, bent downward; had noticed his slender form trying to adjust
itself to the uncomfortable seat; had
seen his rather sad, tired eyea; had
overheard his quiet, half-timid voice,
and, coming Roarer, had caught the
words he was speaking, he would have
been unable to guess that here aat a
Lord Bishop of England, a chaplain of
ue Boyal court, tho son of a countesa.
These were the bishop'a words, in
answer to a request to say something
about labor in England and the duty
of the church-in the present world
Labor Haa Big Chance
'Labor at the present moment in
England has a quite unparalleled opportunity. In the history of the Labor
movoment during a considerable period
it is lamentable, as well as marvellous,
to read how good men and liberal men,
under the dogma of the old political
economy, acquiesced in a sitautlon in
which masses of men, women and children wero manifestly treated aa instruments for the gain of others.
"But now, not only has Labor becomo more consolidated and thorefore
powerful, but tho whole mind of the
country has become inspired by ideas
of justice. And in particular the
Church, and the churches have become,
ashamed of their old acquiesence in unjust conditions, and are out for a true
gospel of tho equal value of overy human soul. The Church, through historical eircumstane.es, haa been very
largely linked with the intoreata of tho
wealthier classes, and haa boon too content with what has been called 'ohar*
NOW is the time
to buy for Fall. Don't taislead
yourself into any belief that because Peace is being talked that
thore is going to be any let-up
on merchandising troubles and
that goods will be cheaper. They
will not—not for months—-prob*
ably years—after peace is an
accomplished fact. In the mean*
time stocks are getting smaller
overy day, high-grade woollens
more scarce. Tou really oan't
afford to wait. When we've sold
out our present flne stocks of
woollens we won't know how to
replace them. . We've bought
them to sell—to make into
And while they laat yon got the
benefit of our having bought
'way baok when all-wool goods
wore procurable—now they're
not. We'll sell to yon at a
price calculated on old purchases.
Ton can buy to-order auits from
ua at leaa money than you ean
buy Ready-to-wear auits, of showy
appearance but doubtful quality,
Union Howe
Man., IS6 and ap
Women MS asd np
St. West
the hope that Union governmont would ity, to the K h 8 ,;--- ^r
be carried on for many years to come. LJ tho W0UiJded and kk gc£j
Men women and children had done thoso that had been woundcd VtheV
thoir dutym the p_ast, and would do cia, strifp whpn -t OTght to ^j^
thundering ngainst the strongholds of
turanny. That is to say, we ought to
have been demanding a bnsis of justico
nnd fellowship.
it In the future. He had a word of
praise for the natural resources of tho
province and for "tho good old Canadian Pacific thut has doue so muoh
for Canada," and also a promise or
two to hand out with regard to terminal facilities and cheap transportation, by which both labor and capital
would benefit. And, of course, another
bit of "taffy" for the ladies.
The final speaker was the Hon. Martin Burrell, secretary of state and minister of mines. Ho repeated that tho
meeting was called "in the interests
of Union government." adding somo
high-falutin stuff about "the salvation
of our liberties, tho perpetuation of
our institutions," and so on. He under*
stood that thc ladies had ben doing
some "heckling" before he came in,
and he reminded them that "if they
had lived in Germany or Austria, they
would nevor have been pormitted to
open their mouths at all." Of course
ho might have pointed his moral with
"awful example" much nearer
home—Rose Pastor Stokes for instance,
who was handed a tea-year sentence
just over the line for declaring herself
"for tho people whilo the government
for the profiteers." But that's
another story. Well, the Lord having
given him a eortain amount of wits, ho
said, he had got to exorcise them as to
the value of the criticisms. Of course,
ho hadn't anything to say about thc
ladies' criticisms, not huving heard
them; perhaps they wore "of thc finest
and most constructive kind" (laughter), which might have sounded a liltlu
sarcastic, except from an honorable gentleman. Then ho spoko of the "appal-
ing strain" on tho ministers of the government in such terrible times. This
brought the young "veteran" aforementioned to his feet, vehemently pointing to thc women and cxclainming,
"those are tho people who nre under
the strain at tho present dny." He
looked ns if he lind boon undor some
Strain himself, but forgot to mention
it. The Hon. Martin proceeded, "I
think my friends know at thc present
■day whether I speak sincerely or not";
and the dark-whiskered man in the
front row said pointedly, "we dol"
It must In; admitted that the ministers
didn't show much signs of strain; in
fact they looked well fod, well-groomed and thoroughly prosperous nnd comfortable.
Then Martin aired tho view that "a
string of broken promises is what
marks the course of any govornment
in a democracy," for which he would
surely be slapped when he got back to
Ottawa! Howover, one pledge at lonst
had been absolutely redeemed, he suid
—that of votes for womon, for whoso
sufferings he poured out his gratuitous
sympathy right thero, declaring that
they were "tho people for whom the
curse of war should bo always chained
up." Thnl party patronage had been
abolished, too, was "undeniably true."
The spenker now gave n few moro
figures asent tho war, though hoping
that "the hour of supremo danger has
passod," and appreciating a state—
"for the timo being at all events"—
of exceeding happiness and comfort.
Tho British dead he put at 850,000;
with casualties amounting in all to
throe or four millions. Prance hud hnd
about 2 1-4 millions of hor men "put
out of business," As to the doughty
deeds of the Cuiuulinns—well, tho women would bo proud to have borne
HUflh sons. Here n womnn drawled
"Yo-oh," with an intonation that appeared to moan u whole world of things.
of his friends have been saying.
U Oolld Socialist
The bishop smiled and seemed hardly sore how he should answer.
"Are you a member of the Fabian
Society •" he was asked.
"No," he said. "I suppose I am
what you call a guild Socialist."
Asked to speak about the war and
the hopes for poace, the bishop told of
the plans for the league of nations and
his hopes that in the work of this
league the spirit of humanity and
friendliness would prevail, even toward
those who are at present our enemies
at war.
He said: "As regards tho war, I
am whole-heartedly with the common
sentiment, whioh sees the present necessity of a real victory over German
militarism and the Gorman military autocracy. I do not believe in any par*
leyings for peace prior to a substantial
and real victory.
"But I am most anxious that while
we fight the war through we shall keep
the moral aims of the war foremost in
our minds; that even now we should
be preparing suoh a league of nations,
a league of free people, so that it shall
bo an instrument ready to our hands,
well-thought out and prepared, with
which to carry forward the work of
making poace.
"And I am most anxious that we
should keep it clearly before tho mind
of the German people that we never
allow ourselves to underestimate the
great and glorious gifts of the Gorman
people, however sadly they may have
been recently misused; and that, when
they have learned to behave in accordance with tho principles of justico
and liberty, we shall be ready to welcome them into the arms of free
"We are not fighting to crush Germany, but to free it,
"I am, moreover, extremely anxious
that the churches shall see their opportunity, in the name of the Prince
of Peaee, in co-operating frankly and
vigorously with the cause of the league
of free peoples.
"I need not say how much I feel that
the fate of the world depends on the
co-operation of the great American democracy, not only in fighting to end
the war victoriously, but also in maintaining the great aims of liberty and
justice for all human beings of what* *
ever race as the only solid basis on
which peace can be made and can be
?crmanent."—A. H. Rowland, in New
ork Call.
* mixt wns
        Otttr Big FoatuM
Beport Agrees With Labor
I have beon a member of n coin
mission appointed by tho archbishops
for the consideration of industrinl problems. Tho commission was composed
of bishops, clergy, labor men and employers. It is just about to publish its
report, and it is not too much to say
that this practically unanimous report
will bo found almost to coincide in all
its main pointB, both industrial and
educational, with the programme of tho
British Labor Party.
"I suppose at this momont tho chiof
peril of Labor lies in divisions in its
own ranks nnd in tho suspicion which
is widely entertained that tho measures
rendered necessary by tho war are going to be uBed against it in the interest of capital. But I am convinced
that thoso suspicions and fears are unfounded, and that tho opportunity of
Labor after tho war will be unique and
nlmost unimpeded."
To hoar tho bishop talking about the
"unimpeded" advance of labor after
tho war led to the question whether it
wub true thut ho iB a Socialist, ns some
Anothor interesting reference of Mr.
Burrell's wus to "those trying times
in July," when, he said, they "didn't
feel justified in giving way'to technicalities" in the courts; and so "we"
took the responsibility of snying to thc
civil courts that we could not givo up
thoso men." Tho roforenco was, of
course to the habeas corpus proceedings,
when tho military openly defied the
law on the principle of "safety first."
Whether the honornble gontloman was
quito discreet in drawing the attention
of the common people to this dangerous precedent, is perhaps nnother point
on which Chief Borden would havo a
word to suy later on. It is not Unlikely thnt the snfetyfirst ideu may
appenl to those; same common peoplo,
too, some day; espeoinlly when thoy
see that the law can be told "go hang'1
with impunity, provided you have a few
machine guns rendy to' hand. After
furthor reference to the treatment
handed out to draft-evaders, he remarked that this "made people realize,
for tho first time, what law—us woll
us liberty und justice—stood for." Just
whnt he meant is porhaps a mntter of
Of courso there wus ii fitting reference to "extremists in the Lnbor party
and extremists elsowhere," nlso nn appeal for wisdom, moderation, etc., without which the great tusk of reconstruction would bo impossible.
Perhnps the most remarkable feature
of those recent political meetings Is
tht; astounding luck of vision displayed
as to the new state of socioty coming
along, Whilo tho politicians repent one
another like parrots ubout the new
lieu von and new earth to follow the
war, it up pears from their talk thut
thoy can really Imagine nothing essentially different from tho same old game
of trude nnd profit-making, thut they
huve boon used to all thoir lives. And
the little local would-be captains of In*
lustry, wilh the still more insignificant wago-slnves who still hang on to
their coat-tails for salvation, seem jusl
as blind. And so they listen und np-
plnuil,  as  they  did in  tho  Hotel  Van-
nver the other night, What a jolt
they'll get u little Inter on!
Better Than Drugs j
Matinee 3:30
Evening*! 8:20
Electricity    U    tho    great
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by strengthening tbe entire
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In   new   nourishment,   dissolves   clogged   or
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Dr. Hell Electro-Appliances have long
since been perfected to generate tbeir own
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No dangerous puiKonN are introduced into
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Out out this coupon and mail It now for
complete 4 tailed Information about this electric treatment. We show yon bow to core
yourself in lbe privacy of your own home.
All pomonnl communications strictly oonfi-
-initial.    Send  now.	
18 Hastings St, W., Vancouver, B. O.
Dept  I2B
Please send me your true illustrated book
nml your ".Satisfaction guaranteed or Money
Hack"  proposition,  wtth factory prices
WEEK OF OCT. 21, 1918
Tin* Big Sensational
Comedy Drama
"Birds of Prey"
Featuring Edythe Elliott
Pitas 16c, 36c and 80c
What's in a Name?
To Tiod.nu. tbi tore "Onhlu"
nm tto tut la tko vuld—to Via*
 ! tho
Orpheum Cafe
meana the best eating place la town:
umlc ud danclag in tht evening.
Drop in uy tine. filggwt onion
houie In Vancouver.
768   OBANVILLE Opp.   Orphtum
License No. 10-1750
Leather Goods Store
Indies' Hand Baga t Specialty
All Kinds of High Orade
Travelling Ooods
Phone Soy. 2114   Vanconi-er, B.O.
A Word to the Ladies
Now lhat summer days arc past ami
you have donned your new Pall
frocks, it will be quite appropriate
that your feet shall lie attired faultlessly.
much to offer you in this respeot.
Dame Fashion decrees OBBT
very popular and stylist for tko
season now at hand.
We liave just received three a-m
models which wo fed sure will
meet   nith   your  approval, aad
ably, .i/.
priced   most
!)-iu. silver grey kid. Louis heel (Invietus); price	
N'/j-in. steel groy kid, Vanity heel (Goodwin); prioe	
8.4-in. Torpedo grey kid, half Louis heel (Goodwin)	
119 HASTINOS ST. *,. Shoes for the Whole Family
FRIDAY t October 18, 1918
The Average Man Makes
8000 Steps During the Day
JUST imagine the strain that your feet must undergo—150
lbs. weight to the average man, aud balanced from one
foot to thc other 8000 times a day. Is it any wonder, then,
that thc FIT of your shoe should be such an important factor
in your daily work; Ind that 9 out of 10 individuals are suffering from defective feet because of wearing tHe wrong kind of
a shoe.
Thero's thc long, slender foot, the stubby foot, and a combination of
both; or it might be ti narrow heel, a long or short shank, an extra
wide tread, or toes that need lots of room. In either caso, tho REGAL
SHOE provides a special last, width or size—850 different FITS in all
—for your kind of a foot. That 'a why the REGAL is the easiest walking shoo made.   Take a look at theso.
"Bond Street" $9 to $11
Representing all the name implies. A conservative, easy swinging last in cherry brown calf with
low English walking heel and heavy
single sole. A recede toe model
lor the fleshier foot—for tho man
unable to woar the extreme It
will pay you te give it a chance
to   "make  good." *
The  "A.B.C."  Last $11
For the sllmly built foot but
prossod down by constant standing, the Regal Shoe Company has
produced the "A.B.O." or triple-
fitting last. One width less
through tho arch than acrosB the
breadth; and still a width narrower through the heel than the
arch of tho foot.   Cornea in blaok
vici Kid.
Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
f Near Cambie Street
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings
Factory organised under "United Garment Worksrs of America"
The Royal Bank
of Canada
..$ 25,000,000.
Capital Authorized _	
Capital Paid-up .*. $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits.. $ 15,000,000
Total Assets   $360,000,000
518 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and British Weit'
Abo branohei in London, England, New Tork Oity and Bar-
celona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Oorner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue, and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account, nn wliich interes   ie paid half-yearly at
current rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. FRAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B.O.
Why These Loaves
Are Different
"DERHAPS you did not know that tho size of your loaf—pro*
* vided it is properly baked—depends upon the nmount of
gluten that the flour contains. The loaves illustrated here wero
both baked from thc snmo quantity of different flours; only
onc contained thc smullcr, and tho other tho larger, quantity
of gluton ns shown in tho insort.
Is "gluton tested," every bushel of wheat being examined
in our laboratory, and only that containing the highest possible
percentage used in its milling. Tout's why ROYAI, STANDARD
PI.OUR is "quick rising," hus tho biggest, "oven spring," is
always uniform, und is the easiest lo handle.
Tills is one ri'ftson how war floum Bro Oil.
(•rent, ami why Hoyul Standard Flour makea
thi* boat hose fur ubo with anl'Htllutea. Milled
In  II, O.    Sold   by all grocers.
Vancouver, ^.C.   '
Editor B. C. Federationist: Will you'
grant me spaco in your paper to mako
public the low down piece of trickery
of the C. P. R. award board and company, which I am sure are one and tho
On May 1 the agreement between the
employees of the different railways of
Canada expired, and a new wago and
hour schedulo was demanded by the
omployees, which was an increase of 25
cents per hour, and an oight-hour day
and all overtime to be paid aa time ant
one-half. •
When this waa presented to the company, the C. P. E. told the delegates
that tho American Railway Board was
sitting, and would make thoir award,'
and whatover tho McAdoo award was
they would fall in line with it.
Tho flrst McAdoo award was an increase of 4Vj cents por hour for unskilled labor. Mr. McAdoo gave hiB reasons for the difference in the award
made to skilled and unskilled labor,
which was that tho high coat of living
must bear harder on the unskilled worker, who was only receiving half the
wage of the skilled worker, and he
thought it was only just to bring him
up nearer to the wago of tho skilled
worker, this increase bringing him up
to near $4 per day.
The incrcaso to tho skilled worker did
not moot with approval, and protest
was made by them, and amendments
made, and the award increased, but I
have not seen any alteration or amend
ments to the first awards to unskilled
Now, these awards, to date back to
tho 1st of May, both for skilled and unskilled labor, both organized and unorganized labor. But what do wo find
the C. P. R. do, wherever they could seo
a chance of beating any#of thoir employees out of thoir back time. They
have done it, and all unorganized labor
has beon defrauded ont of fivo months
back time. Not only that ,instca<3 of
following the McAdoo award of 21V_e
per hour, which makes thc laborer's pay
per hour 31%c, the lowest paid men in
B. C, it just shows what these companies will do whon they have only individuals to deal with. And then we
havo such freaks, of the Walter Foster
breed tolling labor they should not force
their demands for higher wages. Labor
should force overy last cent which they
havo the chanco for tho master class
will have every last cent ho can squeeze
otu of labor's hide, as ho always has
dono in the past ,and will do in the future. If labor docs not stand sdlidly
together, both industrially and politically, and any other way, they can get
oven with them.
The companies aro not only defrauding the laborer out of his back timo,
but they are defrauding the whole public for the 50 million increase in wages
was to bc made by thom if the railway
board allowed them to increase freight
and passenger ratos, which thoy were
granted 20 per cent, increase, not taking into consideration that they had already been allowed to increase freight
rates 15 per cent, a fow months back.
In the United States, the wage increase amounted to 300 millions, and
thc increase of passenger and froight is
300 millions, so thc people have to pay
3 for 1, but then what can wo expect
while this proflt system lasts. It will
continue until the workors overthrow
the profit and wage system.
The whole sum of this is, tho C. V. R.
has not followed tho line of tho McAdoo
award in granting 21% conts per hour,
but has given 5% cents per hour to
start from tho 1st of August, instead
of from May 1, while all other labor in
the shops havo recoived back pay, the
laborer has received nono. Wc sont a
petition to tho war board, and received
a reply thnt thoy could do nothing for
tho matter, but told us to seo Mr. So-
and-So in charge. We saw tho fair wago
officer, and ho told us tlie company only
dealt with thoso thoy were in agreement with, and as wo were not organized, thc company did not consider us
Now you sec we arc penalized for not
boing organized, and horo is the same
company wont recognize the freight
handlers and clerks unions, and they
have been boat out of their back pay,
the same as the shop laborors, and I om
one of the aggrieved.
4075 Harris streot.
Note by Editor—If you have been
roughly treated because you are not
organizcd*poasibly you and your fellows
will see thc point and get organized.
i' "changed at short notice, if it is necessary fo protect tho interests of the ruling class. Direct action has been used
by society since or before man picked
up the flrst club to kill his follow man,
and the only difference today is he ia
given a gun and can get him a littlo
further away, and direct action will be
used by society—one man against another, one nation against another—until through direct and oconomic forces,
man frees himself, and when that timo
arrives man will have higher ideals
than struggling and fighting onc
against anothor for a more living, because under a proper organization producing food and other requirements of
| tho raco would bo a very small matter,
and when the fear of want is eliminated then it may be possiblo to abolish
direct action, but I don't know what
good it will do even then, because anything that is wrong even under the
new ora, which won't bc porfect, tho
more direct and quicker tho remedy
tho better for society. Every ,war
that has every been fought has been
nothing elso but direct action, and it
has always been the working class that
used it, but up to thc presont, unfortunately, they have used it to a greator
benefit for the other follow than for
themsolves. The workers have fought,
bled ond died in all wars, and at the
same timo tho capitalists of all countries aro conspiring to rob the peoplo
through fraudulent contracts and to
compel the creation of a public debt
which would enable them to plunder
tho workers forever. But the economic
forces which are inherent in the presont
system will compel the working class
to organize to protect their very existence and all organizations, social,
moral, political fraternal, and all
othors, aro all reflectors from tho cco-
Editor B. C, Fedorationist: It is
some timo since 1 saw '-any word from
this town so I thought I would let you
soe wc were #till on the map and making sonic progress towards organization.
I seo one of your speakers at the Rox
last Sunday night in answer to a question t)_ tho nu'thoils of the I. W. W.,
said they wero a failure. 1 cannot _ee
it that way; ho might as well say thui
tho M. I', of C. is a failure. It st'ems
it; is from u numerical point of view,
but it is not in t'uet. I believe the
I. W. VV, havo done more on the Pacific
Coast to advance the working class
that come under i|s jurisdiction tlmu
anything else- ever did. Take tho eon
dition of the logging cuinps, the mil
road camps, ami the treatment banded
out to Ihut migratory class of worki
in thc past, and what is the matter
with direct action? Are thoro not mil
lions of men in Franco using direct
action today f If you want to do anything and you know it is right and just
to do it, and tho more direct you are
tho better job you will make of it, and
if you use indirect action the ehnncos
arc you will make a muddle of it. I
think a little direct action would have
done some of your Trades and Labor
Congress delegates some good at the
last convention. All progress is made
through aetion and thc more direct thc
clearer your movement is. The I. W. W.
is a product, of tho systom we are living under, the sume as the Socialist
Party, or the craft union, or tlie Daughters of tlie Empire, and I believo the
1. W. W. has taken more abuses from
tho ruHng clans than any othor organization ou the earth in comparison
of numbers, more so than the Socialists,
so they must be hitting at the root.
And thoy have very good reason to decry parliamentary action. For one
reason I .suppose a majority of the
members don't stay long enough in the
placo to be put on the voters' list,
and they see that it is very easy to
control tin- ballot box if you nro in
power. The last Dominion olection is
a proof of that. You can havo two-
thinlH mnjority against the government
and you ennnot beat them by ,tho
methods thut nre used, so if I. W. W.
methods are a failure it seems our
methods ore also a failure, and remember tho legality of any method ran bo
nomic or industrial, which is the parent organization, and as the tools of
production change, so you have the continual change in all your organizations,
and the only thing on this earth that
is constant is constant chango, and the.
conditions at any time will dotermino
their methods of action, and that moans
direct force through economic action.
So you see the I. W. W. methods don't
look so bad after all, and in fact thore
are no I. W. W.'s now, they are all
Bolshevikis. That is what tho prosecuting lawyer said in tho recent trials
in Chicago. Bolsheviki without whiskers.
Note by Editor—The speaker at tho
Rex referred to, stated that tho I.W.W.
adopted wrong tactics, because thoy
ignored political action, and yet when
the I.W.W. took action on tho job, tho
first thing that thoy had to contond
with wos the political power of tho employers, which power gives them the
power to control industry. Tho speaker also pointed out that wherever industrial autocracy in its worst form prevail, so doeB the tactics of the I.W.W.
This applies to industrial action,. and
political action, both, as witness Russia. Whore constitutional methods can
be used thc workers arc foolish to
adopt any othor mothods to gain the
freedom of thc workers.
Editor B. C. Federationist: With
your permission I, as a student with experience in drugloss healing, would liko
to give my views and a medium of preventing and curing this apparently
most fatal disease with its complications, Spanish influenza. >
In oxaminin this disease, there are
throe very important quostions to answer: FirBt, what ia the cause? Sec-|
ond, why does it attack soldiers' encampments in a greater degree than
the civilian population? Third, how
bost to treat it?
In answering ithe flrst question, I will
draw your attontion to tho fact that
this disease is similar to tho old form
of influenza and la grippe, with the
word Spanish added, commencing thc
same, and with all the attending symp-
Lots of Good Stanfield's
Underwear at Spencer's
the country wide the most useful heavyweight underwear
for loggers and all outdoor men;'natural color, heavy ribbed.
A garment '. $3.00
STANFIELD'S TRURO KNIT—Same as above except that it
is a little lighter.   Garment $2.50
UNDERWEAR—Elastic knit; a nice fitting garment and as
heavy as many men care to wear. ' A garment $1.75
Combinations $3.50
weight, natural wool; a very satisfactory, snug-fitting underwear.  A garment $3.75
Combinations $7.50
winter weight underwear; in cream color; beautiful quality.
A garment *.  $3.75
Combinations $7.50
toms, tho cause of which is due to
wasto that has accumulated within the
body, by inactivity of tho climinativo
organs, und a supply of nutrition greater than required for tho body's noeds.
Outside influences, such as a sudden
change from a hot to a cold temperature, which tends    to    contract    tho
pores of the skin, retaining impurities
that should pass off in the perspiration,
throwing them back into the body, and
causing tho initial symptoms and fever.
Second, my opinion is that on account of so many individuals being togothor and living under similar condi-
(Contimied on page 7)
Get Behind
Nation's War Effort
"The nation's effort is the sum of the individual effort;
thus the national effort becomes mightier or feebler as each
man realizes and fulfils his responsibility or fails to do so. In
all the a.yials of history there never was a war like this;
every ounce of power, every atom of human energy, of skill, of
mechanical and applied science, of natural resources is being
thrown int* the scale."
SIR ROBERT BORDEN, on Labor Day, 1918,
Behind the nation's effort must be the
nation's money, for without money there can
be no effort.
Canada's War Loans, and particularly the
Victory Loan 1917 have enabled Canada to
make the splendid war effort which has placed
her in the front rank of the fighting nations.
The Victory Loan 1917 enabled Canada
to give credit to Great Britain and our Allies
for hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of
food, munitions and other war supplies.
It gave to Canadian labor the opportunity to cooperate with the nation's money in the production of
those supplies, and Canada's working men and. working
women responded magnificently to the call for their
services. In addition they subscribed generously to the
Loan itself.
Now, Canada needs more money to carry on the
great war effort she is making.
A new Victory Loan is shortly to be offered to the
Let every man and woman help to make it a great
success by buying to the limit of their ability—saving,
stinting and investing in the nation's war effort.
Get ready to buy Victory Bonds 1918
Issued by Canr.ila's Victory Loan Committee
in co-operation with thc Minister o( Finance
of tlie Dominion of Canada,
...October 18, 1918
Quality, fit and low prices combine to make this the
best underwear values obtainable.
Immense stocks to choose from—in qualities that
stand for long service and satisfaction. For instance:
COMBINATIONS of wool mixture in a medium weight. A
well-made gariient with low
neck, short sleeves and knee
length, with closed crotch.
Sizes 34 to 40.  At $3.25
short sleeves and ankle length,
in all sizes.   At  $2.95
NICE WEIGHT COMBINATION in cotton, slightly fleeced, with narrow shoulder strap,
or short sleeve and knee length.
Sizes 34 to 38, at $2.50
Size 40, at $2.85
fleece-lined cotton with low
neck, V-neck or high neck,
shoulder strap, short or long
sleeve, in all* sizes, at ....$1.75
VESTS of light fleeced cotton,
with V-neck and short sleeve,
high neck and long sleeve, or
low neck and shoulder strap, in
"medium sizes, tit .85^
DRAWERS to match above, at 85-f^
VESTS of heavy fleeced cotton, good roomy garments with
Dutch neck and elbow sleeves, or high neck and long sleeves—
all sizes at .98#
DRAWERS to match above 98*j»
VESTS in a very flne weave of cotton, slightly fleeced, with
narrow shoulder strap, short or V-neck, low neck and high
nock.   All sizes at ?1.25 to $1.50
DRAWERS or KNICKERS to match above....$1.25 to $1.35
VESTS of wool mixture, with V-neck and elbow sleeves, also
V-neck and long sleeves, in good sizes, at .'. $2.75
DRAWERS to match abov«, at $2.75
VESTS in a wool mixture, with V-neck and long sleeves, in
out-sizes, at  .$1.95
Canada Food Board Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163
v^.   _J iift-mmtmi i»»     wiwwn.MiwtwRtTiwi whmmwi*      |   ,        I ^Sy
GranvUle and Georgia Streets
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BLOOHBEROEB, P. B., BIS Bro«dw»r Keel...
BBAND, W., end Pendor Street Weet-
..Feinoont 108
B C- PRINTING A L1THO. CO., SmTtke wd Homer...
CI.AKKE tt STUART, 820 Seymour Street...
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Libor Temple Building...
...Seymour 2678
..Seymour 8988
 Beymour 8
...Seymour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487 Dummnlr Street   Seymour 1108
JEPFERY. W. A„ 2108 Pirler Street HljUmd J1J7
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe Streot     Seymour 8874
LATTA, R. P.. 337 Oore Amu   Seymour I
MAIN PRINTING CO.,  8861  Muin Street-	
MAINLAND  PRESSES,   09  Cordova  Street Esst
McLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Vsneourer.
MITCHELL-FOLEY,  LTD.    """  "	
...Pslrmont  1(81
NORTH SHORE PRESS, Nortb Vsncouver.
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Bestty Street—
ROEDDE, 0. A., 010 Homer Street	
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Ponder Streot.
129 Hsstings Street Wost Sermour 1086
  .N. Vsn. 80
 Seymour 9591
 Seymour 204
...Seymour 41
TECHNICAL PRESS, 600 Bestty Street   Soymour 8826
TIMMS, A. H., 280 Fourteenth Avenue Esst   Fsirmont 021R
WARD, ELLWOOD k POUND, lit Homer Strset .— Seymour 1616
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 572 Grsnville Street  Seymour 8520
WHITE A BINDON, 629 Pender Street West-.
...Soymour 1114
Writ! "Union Lshol" on Tow Conjr when Ton Send It to the Printer
Ask for Cascade
etas- tf*
The plain
fact of the
is that beer is the
most popular drink
that has yet been invented. Nothing has
been discovered that
will take the place of
Good beer must be
Pure Beer
Wholesome Beer
Sparkling Beer
Perfect Beer
The one beer that
contains all these
good qualities.
[By J. 8. WoodBworth]
The pleasure whioh ought to go with
the making of Berry piece of handicraft
hss for its basis the keen interest which
covry healthy man takos in healthy life,
and Ib compounded, it scorns to me, chiefly of three elements—variety, hope of
creation, and the self-respect which comes
of a sense of usefulness, to which most be
added that mysterious bodily pleasure
which goes with the deft exercise of the
bodily powers.—William Morris.
It- is well sometimes to get a glimpse
of what work might be and which in
the co-operative commonwealth it will
one day become. We know something
of what William MorriB iB describing.
When as boys, we dug into a huge snowdrift and made our castle, we experienced the joy and exhilaration of work.
We dug the tunnel and carefully
scooped out the miniature room and
laid up our store of snow-ball ammunition and then rushed into the house all
aglow to eat some of mother's doughnuts hot from the not. Ah, but that is
play, and we were boys. But that play
was work and some work is play. And
why should we so soon grow oldf I
think of a neat little cottage on a
small farm. Two young people built
it. The wife proudly showed me over
the home. "Do you know," she said,
"I think I held every board while
Jack nailed it." flow carefully the
boardB had been matched. That little
corner cupboard had taken a lot of designing. How they had discussed the
wainscoating of the dining room. The
sink was not yet finished. They were
waiting till Jack could flnd time to
dam up the little ereek. During two
years these two had built themselves
into the Uttle home. It was for them
a thing of beauty and a joy foreverl
Such work measures up to the standards
given us by Morris.
But what i« the work most men are
compelled to perform! Once I saw in
a penitentiary a row of men seated on
a long bench. In front of them was a
long pile of stones. Each man wielding
a hammer, bent over his task breaking
the stones into smaller pieces. Up and
down, up and down went the hammer,'
monotonously, hour after hour—no object, no interest, no change—killing
time and killing the souls of the prisoners! They dare not straighten up.
They dare not stop work. They dare
not speak to one another. Such ia punishment in Canada in the year of our
Lord 19181 No wonder there is a madhouse in a corner of the penitentiary
yard I
But is the lot of the "free" workers so much better. Watch him as he
trucks salmon cases from the ship to
the warehouse. Physically his lot is
much superior to that of the eonivct.
He is in the open air, not bending over
a dusty stonepile. He ean talk to hiB
fellow-workmen. He eats in a restaurant instead of in his cell. He is to
receive wages at the end of the day.
But is his work in itself so much
more interesting! Ho shoves his truck
to the sling. The loaders put on
four cases—one—two—three—four. He
1' brakes,'' throwing his truck into balance. Thon across the shed he wheels
his load. The pilers stand read to receive it. He throwB up the handles
and by a deft movement withdraws
tho blade of the truck, leaving the four
caseB ono on top of tho other ready
for tho pilers'. Then back he slowly
wheols his truck to tho sling—one-
two—throe—four. His load is roady.
Across thc shed again, a trucker ahead
of him and a trucker behind him going
through tho sanie motions. Back and
forward—loaders too pilers—pilers to
loaders. Is it any wonder ho looks at
his watch? Ten-thirty, tho, morning is
half gone, anyway. Back and forward
—loaders to pilers—pilers to loaders—
loaders to pilers—pilers to loaders. The
pilo of salmon caBes grows slowly—it
is twenty cases wido, twelve high/ and
boforo night will bo twenty deep.
Slowly tier by tior it grows. Back and
forward—loaders to pilers—pilors to
londora—loaders to pilors—pilers to
loaders. An odd case of "half-flats"
—it must be taken to another pile. The
little journey is quito a relief—wo
know so well all tho knots in tho floor
iu that backward and forward march
betweon pilers and loaders. A false
movo and a case slips to tho floor. Thc
pilcr utters a savage curse. How irritable he becomes! Back and forward
—loadors to pilors—pilers to loaderB—
loaders to pilers—pilors to loaders.
"Twenty minutes" says a fellow
truckor as ho passes. He ncod not say
more. Twenty minutes till noon—and
Then back again for another five
hours—long drawn-out hours—backward and forward—pilers to loaders-
loaders to pilorB—pilers to loaders—
loadors to pilers. "I've boen on salmon-trucking for four dayB—I'd bo
glad of a change to rice sacks," admitted tho truckers. So it goes—day after
day—and the days stretch into weeks
and into tho indefinite years. Unlike
tho convict, tho free workor can quit
his job. Oh, but then his money ships.
Ho has no free lodging nnd board as
hns hiB brothor, tho convict. So noxt
morning soven o'clock finds the workers standing in tho drizzle outside the
hall" waning anxiously for a possible job. Hq is one of a hundred that
Btand patiently waiting. Thc secrotary
appears ut the door. The hundrod men
crowd toward him. One mnn has had
no work for throe days; anothor has fl
sick wifo and must tako ovory job
that offers; a third iB saving so that
he can have a long-deferred operation
that may possibly savo his sight.
'' Brown — Jones — Martelli — TolBki—-
Enstholm—Evans-Coleman''—calls thp
socrotary, and tho four mon movo off
to unload tho Eastholm at tho Evans-
Coleman dock, leaving 96 disappointed
mon standing in the drizzle.
"Variety in work." What varioty
in the woary march trucking salmon
cases—or doing the singlo pieco monotonous work that is tho day's work for
so many today.
"Self-respect," which comos from a
sense of usefulness," What usefulness
in building mountains of salmon cases
that arc being loaded into vans even
bofore wo finish the last tiort What
usefulness in porpotuating a wasteful
system of competitiont "If wo can
mako tho work last anothor hour we'll
got six bucks on the job." Why nott
Wo can't afford to buy theso littlo salmon tins that wo are piling mountains
high and yet we know fortunes aro boing made out of thom.
"Hopo of creation." It is to laugh!
Wo notice an improvement that could
bo made—a   curso   for   your    pning.
That's up to the boss."
"Mysterious bodily plcasuro which
goes with tho doft exercise of tho bodily powers." Backward and forward—
loaders to pilors—pilers to loaders—
loadors to .pilors—pilors to loaders.
Throe minutes to six our coats aro on.
Bnck at seven, boys, "•says the fore-
Leader of  Clerical Party
and  the  Coming
The "peace feeler'' put out by Ma-
thias Erzberger, leader of the German
Clerical Party, contains a very interesting paragraph that will get somo
Bober attention.   Of course, the speaker
is anxious to Bee the German military
power retain as much of German conquests as possible, but he strikes one
note that will be sympathetically received by bankers, capitalists and traders all over the world, even though they
oppose* the German conquests.   After
admitting that peace views are gaining
ground in Germany, he went on to Bay:
There is something else which Europe must bring about, and that is
the suppression of Bolshevism. Without wishing to menace the revolution,
we must peroeive that the longer the
war lasts, the more tho soil of all
belligerent countries is being prepared for revolution. The middle classes
disappear in war and become prole-
tarized, and thns revolutionized.
Erzberger is too shrewd a politician
to imply by "Bolshevism" the particular form of Socialism which the controlling party in Bussia represents.   He
uses the term in a general sense as applying to Socialism and the Socialist
movement in its various forms over the
world.   The Bussian type now in power
is peculiar to Bussia alone, though it
would be ridiculous to deny that it has
not affected views held in other countries.   Erzberger has no use for any
form of Socialism which seeks the transfer of industry and natural resources
to the public.   But to frighten junkers
in other countries he threatens them
with the Bussian type, knowing that
the junker press of the world has seen
to it that this type has been given as
frightful an aspect of it as is
obscure language is not obscure to the
proportied and junker classes. They
know that it means a nice, orderly
shifting of power from the landed junkers to the financial and capitalistic
classes with a modern parliamentary regime. But that ie just the difficulty,
tow to make this shift of power to the
lands of a few with a large part of the
population "proletarianized" and long-
ng for power itself. Once the forces
bf revolution are set in motion in Germany, they will not stop and politely
allow the banker and capitalist /to take
tho placo of the kaiser and the junker.
Thoy will want a complete revolution
that will carry democracy into all industrial and social relations. And we
are inclined to believe that, as between this complete industrial democracy in Germany and junker rule under
:he kaiser, most^of the propertied
classes will choose Tho latter and thank
their God that it existB as a possible
alternative.—Now York Call.
All the clerks in'Winnipeg, wholesale
and retail alike, will now belong to the
one union, as they have voted to' unite
to form one big organization. .Recently a meeting was held at which over
200 new members were enrolled. This
followed an initiation of 76 the week
previous. The spirit of organization is
catching on, and a persistent canvass of
the whole eity will be made to try and
build up the largest loeal union in the
western metropolis. It is said that
Winnipeg has 16,000 clerks and warehousemen, so there is a big field to
draw from. •>
There are six local onions of the International Ladies' Garment Workers
in Montreal, and four in Toronto, but
the membership is larger ln the latter
than in the former city.
The best service that onr readen ean
do The Federationist is to patronize
onr advertisers, and to inform them
why they do so. -
to give. What he predicts, then, is Socialism in one form or another, if the
present drift of the world continues.
If he can convey this conviction to the
propertied and junker classes of other
countries ,he knows he will touch a
chord of sympathy among them all over
the world.
However, his prediction is not necessary. Many publicists, politicians and
editors in the Allied countries have
frankly expressed the same views as
Erzbergor in offering thiB conjecture at
this particular timo is that in the Allied countries it will be accepted aB
fear of another thing—that ie, the defeat of German arms. Fearing the menace of dofeat, he raises the Bussian
bogey as a piece of camouflage to conceal it. His analysis, on the whole, iB
correct. It is true that the middle
classes tend to disappear and becomo
proletarianized. This is a dangerous
situation and leads to Socialism. But
only peace can cheek thiB tendency, and
Erzberger plays his strongest card in
pointing this out. And peace cannot bc
Curiously onough, a correspondent in
the Times, which prints the Erzberger
interview, points out that Gormany
must be saved from Bolshevism, or Socialism. Wc mnst guard against this,
he writos, while destroying tho present
militarist govornment. In its placo, instoad of Socialism, wo must "Institute
a governmont mutually protective to
liberty and restrained by law."    This
Letters to The Federationist
(Continued from page 6)
tions aro naturally subject to like
disease, while on the other hand the
civilian population, living in a more
varied condition, aro not liable to fall
victims in such increasing numbers in
ono section of a place as tho soldiers
Third, in treating this and like diseases would be first to rcmovo tho
causo, eliminate the impurities so as
to reduce the. fever, which can be done
as follows:
Flush the lower bowol.
Hot bath.
Hot drink of lemonade (no sugar).
Best in bed.
Heat to feet.
Fresh air.
No food.
Lower bowol can bo thoroughly
cloansod with warm water. Tho hot
bath should be 15 minutes or longer
duration, with a brisk rub at the finish.
Patient should hnvo plenty of hot lemonade with no sugar, especially while
in the bath, and until the fever is reduced. From the bath plnco thc patient in bod; cover warm with heat at
tho foot so ns to introduce perspiration, and allow plenty of fresh nir into
the room, but do not givo any food
until the fover is normal. A sick, feverish body cannol properly digest food
of any kind, whicli then only complicates matters and makes thom worse.
These instructions are to be carried out
miner as sanitary conditions as possible,
ami can be repented if required. In
most cases tho paliout cnn carry out nil
of these instructions himself at the beginning, nnd as soon us possible nl the
lirst signs of any of the symptoms.
When outing commences it should
very light, mostly tho juices of fruit
and vegetables for tho first day or two;
if no sign of tho 1'ever returns i«t cun
be gradually incronscd, otherwise prohibit it for a short timo longor.
We hnve heard considerable ubout
how inflictions it is nnd that wonderful littlo germ with tho big name,
which certainly ifl truo, but germs cnn
only livo and strive under certnin conditions, and it is under those conditions when colds, fovor, und diseases
arise, for germw ciuinot live in n
healthy body with puro blood and do
any harm to the systom, and likewise
no infection. So it behoves every onc
to koop in the best physicul and bodily
condition possible nnd likewise prevent
all diseases.
The greatest danger from this disease
is tho complications, which can be prevented to a minor degree by following
tho instructions that I hnve tried to
make plain to all I'or their own personal
bo no fit, and lo prevent the spread of
the disease.
Thanking you in ndvance for space
in your paper, and the good it has done
to many in the past, 1 remain
335 Robson Street. Oct. Ifi, 1918.
tot  ud   iUrd  Tkond.ji.     Bnaitln
boud:     PmldODt,   _.    wink;    rlM-pn.1
drat, I. K.naitki H-ntH, ud Yiiiiim
•••»«. T. B. MldYl.*-; tratattu, 1. Burni**.:
eer«eent*»t*«BU,  ). I*.  Pool.;  *     -
H. MoV.tr, J. Hubblo, A. J. I
A. Prltclurd.
Omwford, W.
Meeti mud Moidt-f li tb. montb. Fml*
tioMl Union o( America, Loci No. ISO—
Meet, leoond ud fonrtb Tneedije ft*tb.
montb, Boom 106, Labor Templo. Preeldent,
0. E. Herrltt; .eoretujr, 8. H. Orut, 810
Cuibl. Street.
No. 617—MeeU eferj eooond ud fonrtb
HondM- OTenln*-, 8 o'oloob, Ubor Temple.
Preeldent, bi. MoKenile; dnuoUl leeretjrr,
0. Tbom, 0 Dufferln Stmt But; raoordliu
£"■;!'"&.,.J- B- CUPMI; bulneee Men?
Welter Thorn.., Boom 901 Ubor Temple;
Phone Ber. 7406.
•nd Iron  Skip  BuUdere ud Helpen oi
marine   Vuuih.  t _..•_   w_    «...     .. ..
-«*. «*■*, o-up ouuuere ua Helpen of
Americjk VuoouTer Lodte No. 10*—lnu
eren Hondu 8 p.m. Preiid.it, H. A. Me*
EMbern, 12*16 Alberni St.; ■■m^wT
urer, Anfu. Freeer, 1161 How. Bt; builnm
.Bent.   I.    (*nnnttn.    **>..-_   a.a t -v_'_ n. t.
urer, Ufu. Freeer, 1161 How. St.; buiineu
.gent, L. Cummin., Boom ail Ubor Tempi..
Lo-J 18—Meete e»erj Int Wedneidw In
tho montb >t 2.80 pjn. ud e-ierj third
Wedneider lu tbe montk M 0.10 p.m. Preei*
dent, Herqr Wood; eeeretur ud buiineu
•lent, W. Mukenile. Boom 200 Ubor Te-
ple.   Phon. Sey. 1081.   OBoe houn:   11
10   flftnn •    9    ,n   K    n n.
Operating- Enjlneen, Loul No. 620—
Meeti eferj Monday, 7.80 p.m., Ubor
Temple. President, J. B. Finn, 810 Moodle
street, New Westmlnater; vlee-preildent, D.
Hodges; necretary-treisnrer and basinets
agent, W. A, Alexander, Room 210, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. HOB.
—Meets In Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Stroot; recording
Booretary, W. Fotilkcs, Labor Temple: finanoial socretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist-
ant secretary, F. R. Burrows.
Montelius--^ Piano of Quality
•yo THE seeker after teal values, musically aud intrinsically, we offer
•I the Montelltu Piano, an instrument built upon the most improved
scientific principles, and embodying the bent features of latter-day
construction.    Emphatically, V
A Piano for the
and the Classes
The HonteUus, while fulfilling overy musical requirement, il of a
structural strength ensuring a life-time of satisfying service and ie sold
at aa moderate price as is consistent with the high character of material
uaed is the building, and expert workmanship. In Oak, Mahogany or
Montelius Piano House
Semi-ready prices are as low as
high-quality permits
War conditions have played havoc with
wool prices and clothing conditions.
Many makers have gone down in the
struggle—trades which had leaned on monopolistic or "combine" agreements grew
. lamentably weak in ttieir service to the people—their initiative grew inert.
* Semi-Ready Tailoring is today a survival of service in its best days—the priee is in the pocket still,
and the values are so much below the percentage of
increase in wool, that one most give praise for the
makers' study of efficiency and economy.
Thomas & McBain
655 Granville St., Vancouver, B.C.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Looal 8862—Office and ball, 804
Pendor Street West. Meeta every Friday,
8 p.m. Seoretary-treasurer, P. Chapman:
business agent, A, Beed.
fi mnil'h lifo und do 11 mun 'h work?
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquartera, 162 Cordova East.
Meets flrat and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary-treasurer, E. Winch; bnsiness
agent, J. W. Whltely.
Dutcher Workmen*! Union, No. -948—Meeti
first and third Tuesday* of eaeh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. Preaident, Chu. P.
Huggins; recording aeeretary. J. Summon;
financial secretary and business agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer atreet.
Amorica (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meots second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, J.
Ranfortb, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
flnanolal secretary and business agent, H. S.
NlghUcalei, 276—58th'Ave East, South Vancouver; recording secretary, E. Weatmore-
land, 3247 Point Grey road. Phono Bay-
view 2979L.
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 88A, Series
6—Meeta the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President. J.
N. Bon It; flnanclal secretary, M, A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding aeoretary,
W. Lee. Offlce, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.            _____
ployt-ts, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Lahor Temple, aecond and fourth Wednea
days at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording secre
tary ,A. V. Lofting, 2601 Trinity atreet,
Phone High. 188R; flnanclal aeoretary and
buslnesi agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Malnitreeti
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
flrst Monday In each montb, 8 p.m, Preil
dent, A. K. Gatenby; vlee->presldent, W
Larson; recording iecretary, W. W. Hocken,
Bot 608; financial seoretary, T. Wood, P.O
Boi 608.
feurs Union, Local No. 666—Meeta every
2nd And 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President
W. M, Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole,
245—10th Avo. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Flnanolal secretary, Bort Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phono Sey. 5879. Offlce, 587
limner St.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-proildent, W. H
Jordan; seoretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands
Bot 96,
annual convention In January. Eiecutivr
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCal
lum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vlce-presl
dents—Vancouver Island/ Waltrr Head
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prir-c<
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vanoouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weitmlnnter, P
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcos Martin
Nelson; Crows Neit Pan, W. A Sherman
Fornie. Secretary-treasurer, A, S. Weill,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir itreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
l.iiliur Connell—Meets firat and third Wed*
ru'siUyi*.    Knights   of   Pythlai   Hall,   North
Park   street,   at  8  p.m,     Presidont,   B.   Sim
mom| vlee-preildent, T. Dooley; incretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0, Bot 802
Victoria. B. C.
mini—nnd   weunlv   WO   frudco   homo-   —	
Wfir,i * | LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.—
t    ,, i      n. ii I     Meeti flmt Sunday In every month 8 p.m.,
Is il  nny WOnd0r tho worker drMlM   BMuNl   Hall.     Preaident,   Jas.    Bateman;
of n flixhour-diiv—find boyond tlmt of vice-president,   Andrew   Parker;   recording
now social ordor—when he cnn livo Kffl^^fift fiW fln*ncl*l '^"W
William   MacDonald;   treasurer,  J. H.   Rlch-
1 ardson.
B "TheHome of Good Shoes"
649 Hastings,w. nearghanville.
UpstairsShoe Dept
TP HE immediate and appreciative response we
* received on announcing the opening of our
Upstairs Children's Shoe Department encouraged
us to add greatly to this department. It is now
without question the largest and most complete
stock of children's boots in Vancouver. Here
VALUES TRULY TELL^-Buster Brown, Hurl-
but Welt, Walton, Williams, Leckie and RICHARDSON'S SPETALS offer honest value.
Richardson's Special
Weather-proof Boots for Boys
that aro on tha jump. A heavy hut soft nnd flexible
calfskin upper, triple stitched, An extra good grade of
oak-tanned sole running through lo a low Hat heel.
Solid leather throughout—a hoot that wo were careful
in seeing that the quality went in before our name
went on. An ideal hoot for school wear in
thc wet season.   Sizes 1 to 5Vo	
Children's Button or Lace
Weatherproof   Extension
Textan Sole Boots with
kid or calf uppers-
Sizes to ny._ ?2.45
Sizes to 10y2 ?3.25
Sizes to 2 "I3.90
Misses' Kid or Calfskin
Lace   or   Button   Boots,
with  heavy  leather sole.
Sizes 11 to 2. Price $2.90
Children's and Misses'
Quilted Satin Slippers—
In blue, red and salmon.
Cosy for slipping into
after discarding wet boots.
AH sizes 35*^ and 45<*
Misses' Button or Lace
Gunmetal Boots, welt
soles and low heels. About
60 pairs odd sizes to clear.
Beg. $4.75. at  $3.65 Mge eight
FBIDAY October 18, IMS
The Pioneer Union Store
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Let It Rain-
Our Raincoats will protect you
" variety to choose from, in
Paramattas, Gabardines and
Rubberized Tweeds.
Our styles are both conservative and smart and include
Trenchers, Raglans, Balma-
cans, etc.
Under "Our Right Selling
Plan," which eliminates
"sales" and "charge accounts,"
$15 to $27.50
Dominion Hall Filled to Capacity and
Everybody Had a Oood
The second whist drive and dance
given by the striking Laundry Workers waa even a greater success than
their first one.
Juat as on the previous occasion, both
whist hall and dance hall was filled to
capacity long beforo scheduled time.
It was 11 o'clock before the crowds
stopped coming in. The slogan of the
crowd was, "The more the merrier,"
and it was tho size of tho crowd that
added to the fun.
A special programme was - arranged
for thc dance, and everyone present
expressed themselveB as having had a
"regular time."
The Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses
Union certainly did justice to Thanksgiving Day by supplying thc crowd
with turkoy and all the necessary
trimmings appropriate   on   a   Thanks
giving Day.
About 2500 tickets were sold for thc
dance and just $800 was added to tho
Laundry Workers' striko fund by way
of clear profit. A feature of the ticket
campaign waB that Mr. Levy, Mrs.
Creelman and Mrs. Burdeck of the committee sold over 4500 worth of tickets
at the meetings of the various unions.
The Laundry Workers wish here to
express the appreciation of the way in
which every one is rallying around
them and assisting them in their struggle.
Any arrangements for further entertainments will be announced in due
Committee on arrangements: E.
Levy, chairman; Mr. Lnlsclle, Mr.
Geofroy, Mr. Little, Mr. Hulraes, Mr.
McQuig, Mrs. Phexton, Mrs. Gray, Mrs.
Recent communications received by
the Federationist show that the paper
is still meeting with the approval of
workers in all parts of the country.
One correspondent in Toronto states
the "Fed. is fine" and the best of its
kind in tho country.
Smax Bread
"SMAX"«an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
Recent   Order - in - Conncil
Will Point the Way
To Workers
Owen Glendower says: "I can call
spiritB from the mighty deep, but will
they come!" The government of Canada, al the presont time, made up of a
combination of thc*Tory alligator and
the Liberal crocodile, has called all
strikes off. This ia well because it
brings the worker to a realization of
hia position, it enables him to perceive
that the function of government is to
keop the bondman at his task.
Tto worker is now compelled to line
up on the political battlefield, tho only
field where his victory is absolutely as-
sated. Hi has wandered in the wildor-
lioss u long, long time, but now he has
been kicked and clubbed into a consciousness of his class interests.
All propaganda meetings that were
over held in this blessed Dominion
could not accomplish what the government bas done by one single order-in-
council. It was with amazement that
tho nows was recoived, for whilo it
was known that tho outfit at Ottawa
were about as ignorant a bunch as ever
tried to legislate, it was not expected
that any ruling class would be so foolish as to pull thc mask off, set the
whole working class at defiance and
compel it to light whether it desired
to do so or not.
No doubt the next move on the part
of this intelligent body will be to pass
an order-in-council prohibiting thc
Spanish influenza from appearing in
any part of the country.
The German armies are running home
and Crazy Bill and the Clown Prince
will soon be called upon to face thc
music. It is to be sincerely hoped that
the whole of the German ruling class
will be clean and completely wiped out
in the general smashup that is coming
in Central Europe. The military gang
in control of tho Central Empires only
possess one redeeming feature, and that
is their capacity for work. It is true
they only work as the burglar or the
hold-up man works, but laziness is not
a crime they can be charged with. This
is what haB made them so terrible. The
whole army was nothing but a kit of
burglars' tools owned and controlled by
a clique, but the clique took its duties
seriously and eaeh individual member
of it contributed what he could to the
general strength of the whole. Thc
ruling classes of other countries seem
to leave things to their henchmen, and
the result is that they themselves personally decay, but this last remnant of
the feudal aristocracy supervised and
governed. They are not going down
because they are rotten, but because
they are mad.
The time iB ripe for the appearance
of a German Kerensky. He won't last
long when he doos appear. The majority Socialists will fear the release
of Liebnecht as much as the Kaiser
will, but his release cannot bc long
delayed. The natural ally of Liebnecht
is Trotsky, and startling developments
can be anticipated immediately.
Everything is now preparing for the
grand finale. Every man you meet on
tho street says, "We shall havo peace
by Christmas." Peace is not desired
by the ruling claBB of the Entonte, and
frankly it cannot be seen how it will
benefit us. What is thero to look forward to when thc war iB overt Mnny,
many years of endless misery and toil.
If thc system lasts thiB is inevitable.
Better war forever, than tho hundreds
of thousands of starving unemployed.
It is to be hoped that the war will
not be over until the working claBB of
thc world is drivon by orders-in-council
and othor similar acts to porccivo thc
position it occupies in capitalist society.
When thia takes place the toilers will
end the war and bring about permanent
peace. There is no need to bc downhearted, wc have only nad four years
of it, and look how far we have travelled during that period.
The slaves of France, Britain, Austria, and almost every country in the
world with the exception of the United
States, arc boing nrouaod as never before. The Russian revolution ib a fact.
Capitalism cannot deny that. It wns
born out of necessity, as all things are,
and amidst the thunder of guns and the
smashing itno pieces of millions of our
fellow creatures A now world is coming into being. It is impossible for the
present order to survive. It is impossible for thn human family to continue
it's existence unless the working clnss
b ".nines the dominant and only class.
Thc workers must seize the reins of
government and transform the mnchin*
ory of production into collective property; abolish the profit, syatem, abolish
the wage system, grow food to ent,
make clothing to wenr and build homes
to live in. These things have boon produced for aale ton long. They muat
now lie produced for use. It is the decree of nneessity and, as it were, the
hnnd nf Destiny.
Values in
at $1.75 a Pair
A Dancing Corset of pink
or white coutil with rubber top. Thc model comes
with a medium length
skirt and is lightly boned j
sizes 19 to 26. f 1.75 a
Corsets for medium fig-'
ures, in several styles,
with medium or low bust
in sizes 20 to 30—$1.75
a pair.
Corsets for the tall figure
are made with fairly high
bust and extra long skirt
in sizes 21 to 30 at $1.75
' a pair.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
WiU Deal With Conditions
in Canada at Sunday
LaBt Sunday evening at the Boyal
Theatre J Harrington spoke for the
Socialist Party of Canada, taking the
place of W. W. Lefeaux, who was billed
to speak for tho evening. W. W. Lefeaux was called out of the city to look
aftor the interests of T. B. Boberts,
who is laying undor a chargo of sedition at Silverton, B. C.
J. Harrington, who is noted for his
knowledge of history, had tho audience
interested when he reminded the wage
slave of the horrors and tortures our
forefathers had to go through for the
little freedom we have at the presont
time, and which is being taken away
again by the master class. Somo of the
speaker's remarks will bc found on another page of this issue.
J. Vincent will tako the chair and
ns usual a large crowd is expected at
Sunday's meeting, when W. A. Pritchard will deal with present conditions,
Funeral of W. O. Lalng
Another well-known typo has an-
Bwered to tho final call of "Time" at
tho early age of 27 years in the person
of William G. Laing, a returned soldier,
whose romains wore yestorday laid to
rest in Mountain View cemetery. Tho
funeral arrangements were attended to
by the Typographical Union, of which
the deceased was a member. He went
overseas with the 158th Battalion and
was returned about a year ago in a
weakened condition, tho effects of a
severe attack of pneumonia. About a
week ago he was taken ill and influenza
developed, from which he succumbod.
The pallbearers were four membors of
No. 226—A. E. Robb, A. Pelkey, John
Ross and W. C. Fogarty, the latter two
being returned members of the 47th
Battalion. Thc deceased leaves a young
widow to mourn hia loss, also a
brother. The Invalided Soldiers' Commission was represented at the funeral.
Rev. Mr. Craig of Westminster Presbyterian Church officiated at thc chapel
and at the graveside. Many beautiful
floral tributes wore laid on the grave,
conspicuous among them boing a "30"
cross from his old comrados in thc Sun.
Overcoat Time
$25 AND UP.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
Metal Trades Oouncll
At the meoting of thc Metal Trndea
Council on Wednesdny ovoning, Delegate Fawkes occupied the chnir.
The following organizations roported
in favor of a Metal Trades working
enrd: Patternmakers, Boilermakers,
Shipyard Laborers and Electricians.
The Painters reported on the influx
of men from the prairicB to thc coast.
Del. Fawkes reported on the San
Franeiaco convention, and said that
steps were being taken to form a New
Metal Tradea District Council. Owing
to the United States Government not
yet having given out tho award, little
other business had been transacted. It
is hoped the award will be out this
Thc executivo reported that a mass
meoting was to bc held in Westminster
on Sunday, unless that city was
"closed" meanwhile.
A letter from the adjuster was read
stating that after rendering his decisions, ne 1ms not power to enforce aame.
The following recommendations of
tho executivo woro concurred in:
1. That central bodios East of Vancouver bo ndvisod that thero in w surplus of Labor nt the coast, and to advertise the fact in their own locality.
2. That n telegram bo drawn up to
semi to .Senator Robinson and the minister of Labor, ro violation nf Robertson ngreoment, nnd that tho matter bo
referred to tho locals for endorsation.
Tho executivo were empowered tn
not fnr the council in tho event nf no
furthor meetings being hold during the
next few weeks.
Patronize B. C. Foderationist advertisers nnd tell them why you do so.
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
Regular meeting held last Wednesday
night.   Fifteen now members initiated.
Local passed resolution in favor of
supporting the Victory Lonn.
A delegation of tho Lnundry Workers visited thc meeting and reported
two restaurants in thc city sending
their linen to the Star Laundry. The
local promised tho matter will bo look-
eu after immediately.
A numbor of the members arc on the
aick Hat at the prosent time.
News of tho death of two members
of the union was roported, Brother Bus-
ley and Brother Forshee. Brother Forshee wns one nf tho oldest members of
the organization and a koen nnd active
worker. The sympathy of the cntir
membership goes to hia widow.
The union will hold its next danco on
Wedneaday, Nov. 13, in tho Auditorium,
Nomination of officers will open on
tho first meeting in November.
Thc following credentials wero
ceived last night at thc Trades and
Labor Council meeting and tho dele
gates seated: Structural Ironworkers,
J. Hastings, Fred Tullyj Pattern Mak*
era, J, B, Reid, J. Russoll; BakerB, W.
Cram, W. Horrin, J. Wilkinson; Bakery
Saleamcn, H. Bowron, A. Ferguson, W.
Dickinson; \J. B. Carponters, W. Dean;
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, A. A. McKay, E. Chalmers, F. Charters; Froight
Handlers, W. G. Coleman, W. J. Rogers;
Jewelry Workers, W. Wilson, D. J.
Siiolij Rotnil Clerks, A. P. Glen, O.
At The Biwpfais Theatre
'Htrils of Prey" is an excellent comedy
driuna thnt not only has a strong story
of real henrt IntoifMt but also teaches a IBS-
Bon to ovory mother and daughter, and like
the "Unborn Child" nnd the "Natural
Lntv." the nuthor handles the delicate subject /In such n miiBterfnl manner that lt
dues  nut offend  nny   nn?.
Plain fin-is aro Bji'okon of In n jilaln, honest
manner, mid Burrouhdod by dramatic effect
thnt  drives  the lesson  straight   home.
The Btory wan givon In Inst week's programme, iiml the fact thnt nine compSnllJl
nre playing "Birds of I'rey" through the
Eastorn SfotOB ut the present time is assurance of it*, merit.
Tho ei renin tion of the Fedorntionist
is still going up. Ench week sees the
number nf papers issued tnorensod by a
hundred or moro, /
Speaks on Need for Education of the Working Class
Jack Harrington was the speaker for
the SociaUst Party of Canada at last
Sunday night's meeting in the Royal
theatre. His talk, as usual, was full of
educational value for thoso members of
the working class who aro taking no-
tico of the political and industrial situation.
He pointed out that man, in spite of
his supposed superior reasoning faculty,
is in the habit of doing things, and
thinking of things in tho manner in
which he has boon taught. In thinking he reasons from thc basis and according to tho rules taught at school,
and fostered by almost all the avenues
of information.
It is not until tho workor comos in
contact with conditions and idoas which
do not accord with thoso ho has had
thrust upon him, that be commences to
question the correctness of his oarly
training, and of the nows handed out
by tho daily pross.
Comrado Harrington pointed out that
when a commercial institution hires a
man to edit a nowspapor for them, it
follows that the news printed in that
paper must be such ub doos not conflict with the interests of those who
own it.
"1±," ho said, "tlio Trades and
Labor Council and thc B. C. Federation
of Labor, wanted an editor and they
hired a Thiel spotter or a Pinkerton
employee or one of that type for the
job, and thon said thoy would not interfere in thn running of tho paper,
and would have no say so except to
pay for it, how long would it be until
the unions wero paying somo ono to run
a paper in the interest of the employer
and against the interest of thc worker.
"Such an idea seomB absurd, and yet
that is what actually happens when
the workers support, with' their pennies and nickels, the various capitalist
sheets published in this city."
Ho pointed out that in studying history, in order that wo may have the
benefit of the experiences of others,
and proflt by the result of thoir actions,
it iB necessary that those histories, so-
called, dealing with tho personal exploits of supposed great men, be cast at
one side and that those histories aud re
cords oontaining the doings and sayings of the peoplo as a whole aro the
only ones from which we can gain any
knowledge of the conditions prevailing
at 'any given time.
He illustrated tho unreliability of
school histories by showing that the
Bchool histories of the United Statea
had been changed twice within the last
four years ,and that now efforts were
being made to again have them changed, becauso it is now claimed that it is
seditious to hold up one Frederick the
Great as a horo, in viow of tho international situation.
The necessity of studying working
class litorature was impressed upon tho
audience by tho speaker, who pointed
out that vory little could bo learned
from hearing any ono talk as compared
with studying the written word.
Tho latest organizations to affiliate
with the B. C. Fedoration of Labor aro
the United Mino WorkorB, Bevan, and
tho Canadian Brothorhood of Railway!
Employees at RevelBtoke, B. C. '
Special Offer to
Federationist Readers
This week I am making an introductory offer for the
new Winter importations of British woolens—just
arrived. I am offering my regular $45 and $50 suit
lengths, made up in regular Tom-the-Tailor style, for
To readers ol the Federationist who will cut out this
advertisement and bring it into either of my stores
the offer will hold good for another week.
Consider the price of woolens today and what they
will be tomorrow and take advantage of this offer.
Trades  Council Will
Not Tolerate Coercion
(Continued From Page 1.)
ty. The motion was adopted, and copies of the resolution are to bo sent to
all contral bodies in the country and
to the Metal/Trades Department of tho
A. F. of L.
Daily Paper
A motion to appoint a committee  to
confer with tho management of the
B. C. Federationist re the establish
ment of a daily papor was adopted and
the president appointed tho committee
that was selocted to investigate into
the policy of the papor.
A motion to revive the parliamentary
committee of the council was adopted,
the committee to go into tho quostion
of amendments to the Workmen's Compensation Act. A motion to establish
a committee for the purposo of starting a co-operative laundry was defeated. A motion to have the amounts
contributed to tho Laundry Workors
and a full financial statement of this
fund published was adopted.
During thc roading of tho correspondence, a number of lottors wero read
from various organizations endorsing
tho six-hour day resolution of tho Carpenters.
A communication from the Machinists called the attention of the council
to tho fact that a deal of advertising in
the East for men was bring carried on,
and a motion to circularize all central bodies waB adopted, tho circular
to point out thc real conditions on thc
coast. The council refused to grant
recognition to tho Businoss Agents
Board, for tho reaaon that this body
was not affiliated and did not pay per
capita tax.
Miss Gutteridge reported on her activities in assisting the Laundry Workers.   Hor report was adopted.
President Winch reported that he had
appointed a committee to attend a
meoting with the mayor re the unloading of Japanoso ships, the committee
consisting of Dels. Pritchard and Kavanagh. He also reported on his actions
ro tho Freight Handlers' striko, stating
that he had urged on Senator Bobertson
by wire that steps be taken to havo
tho men reinstated and that he had a
reply from the senator which stated
that tho company was willing to make
substantial compromises. He also referred to the success of tho movement
in support of Naylor and Aitken, and
stated that organized Labor was to bo
congratulated on tho results. The committee appointed on the question of
Japanese ships and their unloading reported that the trouble was due to lack
of storage facilities and not to any restrictions by the mon.
Tho Boot and Shoe Workers reported
that two repair shops were unfair.
They are the Goodyear and the 20th
Tho Cigarmakers asked for the support of labor in the cigarmakers' strike,
stating that the strike would be won
if thc membors would ■ demand the
Many of tho organizations reportod
on tho question of a general strike in
favor of the Laundry Workors, the organizations being divided on the quostion. MisB Guttoridge statod that so
long ns financial assistance was forthcoming she was of the opinion that i >
general Btrike would be needed, and
this had a deal to do with the council
taking the stand it did on this question.
Do All Union Men
Patronize Union Stores?
Last Saturday night a Union man walked into our BIO
UNION STORE FOR MEN, and made this statement: "I
came in from New Westminster to buy at a UNION
If every Union man and his family practiced "Unionism" in this practical form, it would not be long before
thousands of other men would be able to enjoy the benefits to be derived from Unionism. "Practice what yon
preach," fellows, and Unionism will wax strong.
This Fall, more than ever before, our immense buying powers can save you dollars. We placed orders
eighteen months and two years ago for all-wool
Serges, Worsteds, Tweeds and Homespuns. Those
suits are now on our racks, selling under today's factory cost. To cite one instance, we have a fine Blue
Serge Suit, selling at $30, for which the manufacturers are asking $38, spring delivery.
We are showing the always popular conservative
models as well as the newer styles, with their close-
fitting collars, narrow sleeves, and soft rolling lapels.
Trousers plain or with cuff.
Come in and look over these exceptional values—re-'
presenting a dollar's worth of satisfactory wear
for every dollar you invest^-we honestly believe we
can save you from $6 to $12 on your Pall Suit.
PRICED $20 to $60
33-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.


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