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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 30, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 35
(Labor Day Edition)
CaiTSST)      $1-50 PER YEAR
Coal and Wood
Buy your South Wellington
Coal now when the price is
low.   Immediate delivery.
J. Hanbury & Co.
4th Ave. and Granville St.
Bay. 1076 Bay. 1077
Imperial Rice Milling
Co., Limited
Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone Seymour 1768
Canada Saw Co.
—These are racation days.  No doubt you are planning to spend your
holidays OUT-OF-DOOBS.   Bow about a fishing trip?
—We can suggest several good fishing spots not far from Vancouver
where you ara sure to catch the big ones.
—We have the most complete stock of Fishing Tackle in the dty,
moderately priced.
Phone Fairmont
—is thc milk for your baby—
because it is the freshest, cleanest,
creamiest milk that money can buy.
The bottles are thoroughly sterilized
and the milk perfectly pasteurized
by the latest and best methods. Try
a bottle today.
Guggenheim Informs Wall
Street After Business
Trip to Chile
President Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
The Labor Movement
****** •Mi***** ****** ******
and Future Possibilities
Say? boys! visit the
—if you would hear all the latest popular songs—yes, and some of your old
favorites, too. Refreshments served
and a good time assured you at this old
established "Union House."
Rooms by day, week or month.
Everything clean.    Rates reasonable.
237 CARRALL ST. (Cor. of Cordova)
[By J. C. Waiters] 4
President of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Tbe present is pregnant witb possibilities for tbo future. Tbe war haB
demonstrated tbe necessity of co-operation, cot alone on tbe actual field of
battlo but in overy industrial activity
associated witb tbe prosecution of the
war. Tho pre-war competition in producing necessities of lifo bas been
found wholly inadequate to meet tho
new condtions arising out of the war.
Competition has, therefore, given plnco
to co-operation betwoen the Stato and
Capital and Labor; Capital and Labor
functioning as the productive forces
and tbe State as the co-ordinating factor.
Organized Labor must see' to it tbat
Capital and Labor will continue to co*
operate after peace has been declared;
not as capitalists and workera with
conflicting interests; not as Capital employing Labor to produce profit for tbo
Capitalist, but as Labor using capital
to produco tbe necessaries of lifo and
meet tho needs of humanity.
Is there reason to believe that tfco
organized workers will bond their
energies to tbat end? A brief outline
of what the Labor Movement is and
in what direction it tends will assist
us in forming an opinion. It may also
assist in guiding our footsteps towards
tbe goal of real democracy.
Trades unionism, like all other organic bodies, is constantly undergoing
change. Tho principle on which it is
based may be constant, but tho thing
itself in its vory nature must change
with the changing conditions that give
it birth and from which it draws its
sustenance. The principle of trades
unionism is "human welfare" and all
that term implies. The policy and form
of trades unionism;, however, hns changed with tho changing processes of industry and the activities of trades
unionism in trying to conserve and
promote human welfare has been
The trade union movemont recognizes
the fact that tho wholo history of the
human raco is a record that no man
can live unto himself alone and at the
samo time promoto the welfare of his
kind. On the other hand to promoto
human wolfare tbo co-operation of human beings is essential. A parish priest
of Capo Breton said somo four years
ago: "The difference between savagery and civilization is the difference
between competition and co-operation.''
The trados union movement, then, in
its narrowest sense seeks to eliminate
competition in the labor market by
setting a price below which no onc will
soil; in ita'b broader sense it seeks by
means of co-operation to eliminnto the
evils, in tho sbnpo of child and >unncc
ossary labor, long hours of toil and inadequate remuneration to maintain u
decent standard of living, unsafe ond
unsanitary conditions surrounding employment and the suffering of grinding
poverty, that spring from competition.
There is a wide difference of opinion
among tho members of Organized Labor
as to tho best means by which cooperative effort can lnost readily reach
tne end sought. Some are of the opinion that permanent and beneficial results can only follow organized effort
of craft unions on tbo Industrial fiold;
others hold that industrial instead of
craft unions are essential; others be
Hove that tho efforts of the union to
establish improved working and living
conditions should be supplemented by
protective legislation, using the oeo
nomic strength nf tho movement to
bring pressure, if need be, to bear on
our legislators to that end; others be-
liove that the efforts of the trade
union should bc supplemented by legislation, taking independent political aetion to bring results; while still others
hold that by independent political oction alone can the results sought be
secured. These could bc broadly
grouped into throe, the old line trade
unionist, thc joint industrial and political actionist and tho purely political actionist.
Tho firHt group have no clearly defined objective; tho latter two stand
Bquarely for industrial democracy but
differ as to tho moans to establish the
The weakness of tho purely political
nctionist lies in the fact that no provision is made in his programme for
the education and equipment of tho
workors to democratically control and
direct industry.
The industrial and political actionist
is seeking to promoto human wolfare
by establishing industrial democracy
through tbe gradual control of the conditions under which ho works by the
control of industry itself. This control of industry to be brought about
by thorough organization of both employers and employed, tbe entering
into agreements between the two parties as a natural consequence which
in turn will demonstrate the joint responsibility for tho continued operation
of industry to meet human needs,
which again will lead to the adoption
of a systom of sharing the profits of
industry instoad of being distributed,
as at present in the shapo of wagea to
labor and interest to capital. With
tho consciousness of joint responsibility for the continued- operation of industry will' come the consciousness of
tho necessity of joint control which
will indubitably lend to industrial democracy through tho joint control of
industry giving place to control by the
productivo workers and the absorption
of Capital, as it is understood today,
by Labor.
Tho control of industry cannot be
confined to the actual conditions under which production will bc carried
on. Tbe requirements, of tho people
and the thingB to bc produced must be
known. This necessitates tho establishment of machinery to ascertain the
things wanted so that tho supplies may
be produced. The establishment of such
machinery necessarily rests with tho
State. The government as representing the Stato, or people, is the means
by which such can be done. Tho govornment, then, boing the essential factor in co-ordinating the activities of
tho producers to meet the needs of the
poople aB well aa being tho powor to
write the laws governing industry and
to make and enforce regulations, it becomes apparent that industrial democracy pre-supposes governmental democracy. ThuB tho Labor Movement
is essentially both industrial and political in its nature, an industrial movement to secure by means of the trades
unions tho amelioration of working
conditions and to acquire the knowledge and experience to control industry; a political movement to securo
the enactment of protective legislation
by ultintely taking over the reins of
government to establish industrial democracy which the workers must fit
thomsolves to control and direct.
Long Hours Low Wages and
No Union Is Ideal for
Copper King
Our readers may not have the pleasure of the acquaintance of Edmund
A. Guggenheim, so we will introduce
him by stating that he haB j'ust returned from an inspection of Central Chile.
Thia country, we may remark, is noted
for its production of nitrate and copper, the latter being next in importance to nitrate in volume of production.
The agricultural laborer of Chile gets,
in addition to his housing, a small ration of from one to two and one-fifth
pounds of beans per day and his money
wage ranges from 20 to 40 cents. There
nro nearly 20,000 minera employed in
the copper mines of the country, and
their wagea range from 80 cents to $1
per day, measured in American gold.
Theae facta may enable the reador to
imagine the bliss that blesses the Chilean workingmen and will enable us
also to complete the introduction we
are giving Mr. Guggenheim.
He returns to his country flushed
with enthusiasm over Chile, and
through the Wall Street Journal declares that labor is plentiful in that
South American atate, and "the absence of labor unions is a boon to that
country." Not only that, but ho believes these labor conditions sueh "that
copper can be produced from tho Chilean mines to relieve tho scarcity and
necessary production in this country."
Tho introduction is complete, and it is
unnecessary to dwell on the fact that
Mr. Guggouhoim is an Amorican capitalist, and his heart bleeds for the extension of democracy over tho world.
Wages of $1 per day, long hours and no
organization of the workers create a
situation that ia a " boon'' in the eyes
of Mr. Guggenheim. He ia happy, and
his words leave no doubt that hia happiness would be complete if thiB
"boon" woro brought to the workers
of this country. Shall we swat him or
denounco him for his "un-American"
It is a temptation that we must forego, for his views aro neither American
or un-American. They are held by his
clasa almost universally in this country,
in Chile, in Germany and in all other
countries where the factory and machino has thrust his class to the front-
as economic rulers. It is a capitalist
viow that has no racial or nationalistic
bias. The Chilean capitalist regards
his employees are working cattle ns well
as Mr. Guggenheim does, and, if the
formor camo to this country and found
a similar situation in tho copper regions of Montana or upper Michigan,
he would return to Chil0 and report to
his fellow exploiters of thc "boon" ho
found in America. Cheap labor, low
wagos, a low standard of living and no
organization of the working class constitute a "boon" wherever thoy are
found, and fiill the native and foreign
capitalist iwth tho aunte sense of profound satisfaction. Mr. Guggenheim
can be a good American, a good Chilean
or a good German anywhere in the
world in tho eyes of his class, as they
have more to do with determining the
Btandard of "goodness" in theso mnt-
ters than any others. We therefore
take pleasure in introducing Mr. Guggenheim as a "good capitalist," and,
if the workingmen do not like hia acquaintance, it is not because we have
been negligent in emphasizing "good
qualities" taht aro recognized the
world over in exclusive circles.—Union
Mrs. F. Sheehy .Skeffington has been
deported from Kingstown, Irclond. Mrs.
Skeffington, who latolly visited various
parts of the United States, was permitted to return to England on condition
that she would not go to Ireland. Sho
nrrived in Dublin, however, on August
'A, having eluded tlie authorities, and
was arrested tliorn. Hor husband formerly editor of the Irish Citizen, was
shot and killed by a British officer during tho revolt in Dublin early in 1016.
Watch Thu Federationist grow. Circulation is going up evory week. Longshoremen, Victoria, latest local to subscribe. Who will be the next! Your
move, if you are not on tho list.
Secrernrytn-annror Tradei And  Labor   Con*
gross nf Cnniitlti.
Theso peddlers of piffle are indeed a
menace. They ruin thc mind by filling
it so full of stories with no truth in
them, of argument which has no logic,
and of conclusions without sense, that
the mind has no room for a real iden
or a fact.
The pross chatters much theBe days
about "this great free people." Free
from what? Certainly not from newspaper influence; certainly not from the
Billy Sunday superstitition, The only
things I know of that "this great fret'
people" are "freo" from are ideas of
their own.
No thinker, from Thomas Jefferson
to the present, day, hns had any respect
for tho metropolitan press.
Our great freo press!
It is free from facts. It is free from
It is free from justice.
It is free from ideals.
It is free from principles.
It is free from nil those ideas that
bind and hold honest people together.
Yes, it is free from all that should
bind—and it ia bound by all that it
should be free from.
I could cite dozens and dozons of instances whero tho public's indignation
was uroused and used by thc designing
press. But those with a memory nnd a
little knowledge will recall numerous
Instances of this kind themselves.
I recall one Instance whore a newspaper converted n town into n howling
li, and it hanged a man who was
afterward proved absolutely Innocent.
This only injured one man and his family, but similar things are done to
largo groups of people us well.
One way to convince mo and others
who can think that, this group (of pro-
fltoors) docs not own the press is for
the papjors to advocate! the conscription
or appropriation of ull profits made by
them during the Inst three years.
Abraham Lincoln said that "only it
dishonest num will refuse to hear both
les of n question before deciding,"
and he might have added that ovon nn
honest man could not render a just decision without hearing both sides.
But whon dishonest men own the
press, what show hus an honest public
ut the facts?—Charles T, Sprnding in
Australian Worker.
Iron Works
Granville Island Works
Vancouver, B. C.
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105 Rooms — Hot and cold running water, steam
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Special invitation extended to Coughlan Shipyard
men — Moderate Rates PAGE SIX
PBIDAY.  Auguit 80, 1918
"Pride of the West"
Knitting Mills, Ltd.
Be sure you get a "Pride of the West," for men,
women and children.   Sold everywhere.
T. J. Kearney & Co.
Phone Fairmont 3
Funeral Directors 802 Broadway West
In Olass Jars, Packed toy
Watson Bros. Fishing and Packing Co., Ltd.
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowert Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
Telephone Sermonr 2482
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
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All That the Law Will Allow
Wt Desem Trade Union Patronage
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110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
TEN _■■■■■■—■■■■■■■■——■■■■■■—■■———
ZX.- -« Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
$1 / Sfl have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
tpifciiFV addresses at the rate of |1.25 per year.
The Power of Ideals
■M-****** ******* •x-K-K****
An Address Delivered by F. J. Dixon, M. L. A., in
the "Labor Church," Sunday, July 14, 1918
LL the great idealists are dead.-fwhat hope it contains for the future.
This Space Reserved for
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd.
A Most of "them were martyred. In
their day they were called heretics, iconoclasts, dangerous demagogues
and rebels. Their portion in this life
consisted mainly of social ostracism,
the thumb-screw, the rack, the dungeon, the bonfire, the gibbet and the
cross. Mankind has always crucified
its saviors.
The children of Israel complained
when Mosos led them out of bondage,
saying: "Let us alone that we may
serve the Egyptians. Are thoro no
graves in Egypt that you must tako
us away to die in the wilderness?" So-
cratcB was given the hemlock; the
Gracchi brothers, who wanted to get
land for the returned soldiers of Rome,
weru stoned to death; Bruno was burned at tho stake and Christ was crucified. Today theso idealists are glorified anil worshipped—bocnuso they uro
dead. If Christ camo to Canada right
now ho would havo a vory uncomfortable time—nnd so would tho priests,
nnd thc politicians and the people.
One has to die to become an idealist.
Mary Wollstonccraft, who wrote "Thc
Rights of Woman" in 1792, iB acclaimed as un idealist. But Sylvia Pank-
hurst, a living "Wollstonccraft, is denounced as an infernal nuisance. Harriet Beecher Stowo wrote a book
against tho alave traffice: "Uncle
Tom's Cabin;" evory one agrees she
waa an idealist. Arthur Mee has written a book againat the liquor traffic,
"The Fiddlers," which' wo ahall not
be allowed to read until after the war.
' Twas ever thus. . The idle visionary
of today is the idealist of tomorrow;
the heretic of today is the saint of
tomorrow; the successful rebel of yesterday Ib the father of his country today.
Mankind cannot afford to scorn
ideals and idealists. What little progress this old world has made is the
result of the sacrificial efforts of men
and women who have been loyal to
ideals. Only thoae who have dared
to be different have advanced civilization yot we make a virtuo of conformity. Our whole social system
tends to make a common mold. Woo
unto those who step off the beaten
path. We don't like the men who aro
trying to lead ub out of bondage any
moro than the Israelites did. We know
things are not juBt right. It's pretty
hard to havo to find our own straw
and produce more bricks, and yet more
bricks, for the taskmasters; but we
profer to bear the ills we have rather
than fly to Socialism or Single Tax.
We feel that it is better to be a doorkeeper in the house of Liberalism, or
Conservatism,, or the two-in-one Union
government, than a propagandist in
tho Labor Party, the Non-Partisan
League, or thc Socialist Party. We are
practical people, nearly all of ub, so
whenever somo doctrinaire, some theorist, some visionary saya: '' Lot us
have Froe Trade," "Let ub tax land
into use," "Let the government run
tho railways," or "Lot the people run
the government,'' we cry "Bolsheviki! Bolshevikil Let well enough
Thero is somo virtue in the consorvn*
tism which keeps us from lightly, run*
ning after strange gods; in the faculty
which teaches us to say, as an eminent
British statesman once said to certain
dissenters who were pleading for recognition of their Beet, "Get your damned
sect established and then I will be
glad to recognize it." False ideals
have caused a great deal of misery.
Take for example religious persecution.
In the good old days, when it was fashionable to boil heretics in oil, men were
dead in earnest about their ideals of
heaven for those who believed aa they
did and hell for those who differed
from them and, not being very sure
that God would deal out justice in the
next world, they took the law into their
own hands and gave the heretics a
foretaste of hell upon earth. The
Archbishop of Valencia was true to
his ideal of religion when he declared
that the Spanish Armada waa destroyed because Philip II left the heretics
undisturbed at home and he managed
to persuade Philip III to exile the
Moors. "As a result about one million of the industrious inhabitants of
Spain were hunted out like wild beasts
becauso the sincerity of their religious
opinions were doubtful." One good
bishop thought this treatment much
too lenient and said, that, for thc sake
of oxamplo, every Moor in Spain should
have his throat cut, because it was impossible to tell which of them were
Christiana at heart, and it waa enough
to louve the matter to God, who knew
his own, and who would reward in the
next world thoBe who wore really
Another false idenl which hus originated much Buffering is thnt known as
the divine right of kings. This ideal,
ut least in British countries, had the
gilt knocked off it when the hend of
OharloB I dropped into the basket.
There are still some persons—lords,
dukes, tariff barons, ruilway magnates,
money kings, lauded potentates and
cabinet ministers—who Imagine thnt
tho oil of divine anointment Iirs, in
Home mysterious wny, dropped from tho
head of tlie king upon their shoulders,
bur I rather think thoir antiquated
ideals will soon bc shattered.
Other false ideals, sueh as cannibalism and ehnttel slavery, uftor producing bumper crops of cruolty and pain,
have boen buried in the tomb of the
past. Those cxumples might bc multi
plied but they are sufficient, though
few in number;, to suggest that we
should be careful whnt ideals wo tnke
to our bosoms. We should consider
ull ideals nud hold fast to those that
are truo.
Writing of the dark ages, Buckle, the
great historian, says: "Now and then
a great mun arose, who had his doobts
about the universal belief; who whispered a suspicion aa tu the existence
of giants thirty feet high; of drngoiiB
with wings and of armies flying
through the air; who thought astrology
might bu a cheat nnd necromancy u
bubble; und who even went so fur as
to raise a question respecting the propriety of drowning overy witch and
burning ovory heretic. A few such
men there undoubtedly were; but they
were despised us mere theorists, idle
visionaries, who, unacquainted with
the practice of life, arrogantly opposed
their own renson to tho wisdom of their
ancestors." We call thoso men idealists now.
Whnt a glorious thought it is, and
that there have always been men who,
like Socrates, have said: "You can
kill my body but not my soul." Men
who, in apite of persecution, have remained truo to their ideals.
Tho membera of the noble army of
martyred idealists live today in minds
made better by their sacrifice. What
should ke know of science but for .the
defiance of bodily torture by Copernicus, Galileo and Bruno and the social
sacrifice of their successors—Darwin,
Huxley and others. Where would be
our marvellous inventions if invontors
had been stayed by tho Bneers and
scoffs which greeted thoir early endeavors? What political progress
would wo havo mndo but for mon
ready to risk all for on ideal—Milton
and Cromwell; Mazzini and Garibaldi;
Rousseau and Pnine; Mackenzie and
l'upinoau? It wns the active idealism of that little band of liberators—
William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phil
lips, Harriet Beecher Stowo, and Julia
Ward Howe, et nl.,—that made it possi-
ble for thut great idealist, Abraham
Lincoln, to abolish chattel slavery upon
this continent. Idealism is the sffurco
of all religions—and all religions hav-e
good in them. Muhomet, Buddha and
Christ all lit their torches at the di
vine lire.
Tho world owes much to idealism and
idealists. The flame that Latimer and
Ridley lit has nover boen put out. John
Brown's body Hob a mouldering in the
grave but his soul goes marching on.
Mankind's greatest heritage is the
idealism of thoae brave sould who, regardless of cost, have dared to look
the devil in the fact and tell him that
his ovil is not good. They have kept
alive the perpetual flre upon the altar
of humanity at which men of vision in
each generation light the torches with
which they lead mankind toward the
land of freedom.
'' Whilo   one   true   man   speaks   out
against injustice,
While through men's chorussed 'Right'
clear rings his 'Wrongi'
Freedom atill lives.   Ono day ahe will
reward him
Who trusted hor;  though she tarried
Who held hor creed, was faithful to
her coming,
Who for her sake strove, suffered and
was strong.
'She will brings crowns for those who
love and servo her;
If thou canst live for her bo satisflod;
If thou canst die for her rejoiccl Our
At least Bhall crown our graves and
say, 'These died
Believing in the snn when night was
And by our dawn their faith is justified.1 "
Tho fires of freedom, which shall yet
warm tho wholo world, have been fed
with tho thoughts of great idealists.
Let us vivify oun-souls by considering
some of those thoughts. Galileo snid:
"I am inclined to believe that the intention of tho Sacred Scriptures is to
give mankind tho information necessary for their 8alvation. But I do
not hold it necessary to believe that
thc same God who has endowed us with
senses, with speech, with intellect, intended that wo should neglect the use
of these, and seek by other means for
knowledge which these are sufficient to
procuro us; especially in a science like
astronomy, of which so little notice is
taken by tho scriptures, that none of
tho planets, excepting the sun and
moon and, once or twice only, Venus,
by the name of Lucifer, are so much
aa named at all. This therefore being
granted, methinks that in the discussion of natural problems we ought
not to, begin at tho authority of texts
or Scripture but at sensible experiments and necessary demonstrations."
This thought expressed by Galileo is
a commonplace today but for expressing it Galileo was persecuted and for
practicing it Bruno was burned at the
Socrates thc Groat, Socrates the
Wise, aB he is now called, was done to
death because, his enemies said, he corrupted the youth of Athens by his
teachings. There is not a nobler pioco
of sacred or profane literature than
the Apologia of Socrates. The citizens
of Athens, in convention assembled,
wore sitting as a jury to decido tho
fate of Socrates. He wbb on trial for
his lifo when, according to Plato, he
made that marvellous oration the naturo of which can be very imperfectly
shown by two quotations: "If you
should soy to tno, SocrateB, you shall
bo let off upon ono condition, that you
are not to enquire or speculate in this
way uny more, and if you are caught
doing so again you shall die; if this
was the condition on which you let me
go, I would reply: Men of AthenB, I
honor and love you; but I shall obey
God rather than you, and whilo I havo
life and strength I shall never ceaso
from the practice and teaching of
philosophy, exhorting anyone whom 1
moot and saying to him uftor my man*
ner: You, my friend—a citizen of the
grout and mighty and wise city of
Athens—are you not nshamed of heap
ing up the greatest amount of money
and honor and reputation, and caring
so little about wisdom and truth?"
There is moro in this strain and then
the conclusion: "I have n favor to
ask. When thy sons grow us, I would
ask you, 0 my friends, to punish them;
and I would havo you troublo them.
and tapsters can never encounter gentlemen. To match men of honor you
must havo God-fearing, sober, serious
men who flght for conscience, freedom
and their wives, childron, aged parents
and their farms. Give mo a few honest men and I will not require numbers
—save for enemies." A few honest
men. That is what is needed in Canada. A few honest men willing to consecrate their lives to tho service of
their felows could soon change social
and economic conditions in this country. There are a few, too few, doing
that now. More are needed. There ia
a voice calling to overy man which
has boen thus interpreted by Berton
"Does it mako you mad whon you
read about
Some poor, starved devil who flickered out,
Because he had nevor a decent chance
In the tangled meshes of circumstance?
If it makes you burn like tho fires of
Brother, you're fit for the ranks—fall
as I hnvo troubled you, if they seem to
euro ubout riches, or anything, more
than virtuo; or if they protend to bo
something when thoy nro really nothing; then reprove them ns I have reproved you, for not caring about thnt
for which they ought to care, and
thinking they are somothing when thoy
are really nothing. And if you do this,
both I and my sons will havo received
justico ut your hunda,
"The hour of departure has arrived,
und wo must go our ways—I to dio,
and you to livo. Which is bettor God
only knows."
l**t us tnke off our hats to Socrates.
Ho preferred death to deceit.
It may seem atrango to quote Oliver
Cromwell as nn idealist. Ho is credited with boing tho originator of tho
saying: "Trust in God and keep your
powder dry," That ho had faith in
idealism is shown by his letters to his
cousin, John Hampden, in which ho
writes:    "Old,  decayed  Berving men
"Doos it make you rago   when   you
como to learn,
Of a clean-soulod woman who could not
Enough to live, and who fought, but
In the cruel struggle and went to hell.
Does it make you seethe with anger
Brother,  wo  welcome you—share  our
"Whoever haa blood that will flood his
At the sight of the beast in the holy
Whoever has rago   for   the   tyrant's
For tho powerB that prey in the day
and night;.
Whoever has hate for   the   ravening
That Btrips tho tree of ita goodly fruit,
Whoever knows wrath at the sight of
Of needlosa sorrow and heedless gain;
Whoevor knows bitterness, shame and
At the thought of the trampled ones
doomed to fall;
He is a brother-in-blood, we know,
With brain afire and with heart a-glow;
By tho light in his eyes we sense our
Brother, you battle with us—fall in!"
Mon are wanted who realize tho
truth which Mazzini, tho great Italian
idealist, proclaimed: "So long as a
single one among your brothers has
no vote to represent him in the national life; so long aa one is loft to
vegetate in ignoranco where others aro
educated; bo long as a single man, ablo
and willing to work, languiahos in pov-
orty for want of work to do; you have
no country in tho sense in which country ought to exist—tho country of all
for all."
Mazzini was the man who fired tho
brain of Garbaldi with the dream of a
Unitod Italian Republic freo from thc
temporal domination of tho Pope. Italy
is atill a monarchy but it is united and
the temporal power of the Pope has
been abrogated. But Mazzini'b influence has spread from Italy to tho utmost bounds of civilization. No one
can rend his sentences glowing with
democracy without catching somo of
his spirit. He waa one of the prophets
of tho New Dny, tho dawn of wliich
is already gilding the hilltops. Said
Mazzini: "Thoro ia tha,t on earth
which no tyranny can long suppress-
the People—tho power und future of
the pooplo. Their destiny will bo nc-
complishod and the day will Burely
come when tho People—Samson of humanity—will raise thoir eyes to
heaven, and with one blow of tho arm
by which thrones are shattered, burst
every bond, break every chain, overthrow every barrier, and rise in Freedom—Maatera of thomselvea."
God speed the day.
The way for every revolution haa
been prepared by idealists. Napoleon
aaid: "Had thore been no Rousseau,
there would have boen no revolution.*^
Rousseau may rightly bo called the
father of tho French ' revolution, and
the grandfather of the American revolution. He inspired Thomas Paine to
write tho pamphlet " Commonsenso"
which, moro than any other influence,
brought about tho War of Independence, Paine was the first.man to uae
tho words "Tho American Nation" and
also theBe "The Unitod Statos .of
America." Paine was nn Englishman
who was forced to leave tho civil servico through taking a too active interest in politics. Thus "Many a shaft
at random sent flnds mark tho archor
littlo meant." Who could have fore
seen the result of Paine being ousted
from a governmont job? Certainly not
tho clergyman who lodged the com
plaint. During the War of Indepen
deuce Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet,
"The Crisis," which Washington ordered to be road at the head of ovory
regiment. The opening sontences of
that pamphlet might woll be tho creed
of all fighters for freodom: "Those
aro tho times that try men's souls. The
summer soldier nnd tho sunshine patriot will in this crisis shrink from tho
sorvico of his country; but ho that
stands it now, deseVves tho lov0 nnd
thanks of man and woman. Tyranny,
like hell, is not onBily conquered; yot
wo havo this consolation with us, that
tho harder tho conflict, tho more glorious the triumph. What wo obtain too
cheap, we esteem too lightly; 'tis donr-
ness only thnt gives everything itB
value. Heaven knows how to put
propor prico upon its goods; and it
would be atrango indeed, if so colostlal
an urticle ns Freedom should not be
highly rntod."
I havo already intimated that it was
another group of idealists whose
"Eyoa had scon the glory of the coming of tho Lord" that propared tho
way for tho emancipation of tho blacks
of Abraham Lincoln. Ono of the arguments used to maintain chattel slavery
wus that it would destroy tho Union,
In answer to this William Lloyd Gnrri*
son snid: "Be nssurod that slavery
will speedily destroy tho Union if it
bo let alone; but ovon if tho Union
can bo preserved by treading upon tho
nooks, spilling tho blood, and destroying tho souls of millions of our race,
we sny it is not worth a prico like
this, and it is in tho highest degree
criminal for you to continue the present compact. Lot the pillars thereof
fall—let tho superstructure crumble in
tho d*ist—if it must bu uphold by rob
bory und oppression." Wo know what
happened. Wo know that tho abolition of slavery did not destroy tho
Union but it did demonstrate that
Abraham Lincoln spoke truly when ho
said: "Whatever is mornlly right is
politically expedient."
A word nbout tho greatest idealist
(Continued on Page 10)
Flour Substitutes
"EVERY user of Wheat Flour must mix with
the Wheat Flour at least 10 per cent, of
something else. You cannot-buy, and the grocer
must not sell you Wheat Flour unless at the
same time you buy something that has no
Wheat in it.
The ideal substitutes are:—
B. & K. Rolled Oats
B. & K. Fine Oatmeal
B. & K. Oat Flour
Packed in proper proportion to the Wheat Flour
Can be had in 98 lbs., 49 lbs., 7 lbs., 6 lbs.
One purchase does for your cereal use as well
as your baking.
One expenditure covers all your needs.
Wholesale Licence 9-8222    Retail Licence 12-97
Shipyard Inn
Canadian Northwest Steel Company
Ogden Coffee House
Joseph Mayers
—Dealer Wholesale and Retail in—
New Wellington Coal
Lump, Nut, Pea and Slack
Office 564 Front Street
root Sixth
F. 0. Box 715
-   Phone 106
..August 80, 1918
Phone Seymour 2793
Geo. A. Campbell & Co.
Tower Building
—Manufacturers of-
Dominion Matches
Wholesale Agents:
Vancouver and Victoria, B. C.
Reestablishment of Disabled Soldiers and
Sailors-Emphasis on the Economic Aspect
N_ these   observations   Improper selection of the trade or occu*'
Edward John Henderson
The Returned Soldier
Fish & Chips
fl The one big thing that you can do, and whioh you ought
to do, is to patronize those merchants who patronize your
paper by advertising in The B, 0. Federationist.
Make Power of Attornoy to M. J. CREHAN, F. C. A.
402 Pender Street West Board of Trade Building
shall, proceed upon the
premise that tho re-establishment in civil life of
the mon who become disabled in tho armed protection of a nation's
rights    and    policies    iB
     well recognized and estab-
lisned as a national responsibility, and
that all plans and operations in connection therewith ore to be centralized
and 'undor the nntionnl govornment.
It is essentia] that all groups in socioty assume and maintain an unselfish
spirit, and co-operative attitudo in this
groat work, in order that tho duty of
tho peoplo as a whole toward their defenders as individuals shall bo expedited with a maximum of efficiency
and good results.
That tho entire subject has an important economic aBpect, in addition to
boing a very human one, is apparont
from the fnct that it affects the strength
of society as a wholo, and tho interests
of somo groups theroin differently and
moro directly than others.
The State is interested and justified
in assuming control of the re-establishment of partially disabled mon, because every man who is restored to
usefulness in some profitable occupation becomes an asset to society and
hence a relief to the State; whereas,
each man who fails to mako a material
contribution to aggregate production
is an economic liability, and' therefore
an encumbrance upon the State.
The omployers of labor are interested in the proper restoration of these
men to normal efficiency, otherwise
their employment may be expected, or
imposed upon the employer as a sympathetic or patriotic duty, regardless
of how Buch employment might affect
the output of expensive equipment, or
liabilities for injuries to themselves
and other workmen. The employer can
render material assistance in this work,
but ho should not be called upon to
jeopardizo the success of his enterprise, nor can ho bo expected to do so.
Labor iB vitally concerned in those
plans of readjustment because wage
standards and othor employment conditions, which havo boon fixed and established largely by agreement with
employers, may bo jeopardized if the
vocational advisement, training and
placement of these mon is not directed
and properly balanced with the needs
of the several localities and industries.
The best that can be done for these
injured and disabled men iB none too
good for them. Whatever is done
ahould be done with a view to -equip
ping them with permanent indepen*
dence of public charity and social tol-
orance. In ordor to accomplish thiB
end all of the foregoing facts must be
given due consideration, together with
other conditions more personal to each
Iu all countries where the present titanic war haB made necessary thiB re-
establishment of tho human being, thc
work was firBt undertaken by privato
agencies and generally aB a charity.
Ther has beon, as a result, a variety
of plans tried out, from which those
conducting tho work in the Unitod
Statos may derive mnny valuable suggestions. Especially is this truo of tho
work thnt has been dono in Canada,
whoro conditions aro more nearly alike
to thc conditions in this country.
That this fnct has boon appreciated
by thoso who are interested in instituting the boat plans in this country,
is evidenced by the fact that a group
of prominent and active citizens of the
United States, selected by tho Federal
Board for Vocational Education, nnd
financed by tho Rod Cross Institute
for Crippled and Disabled Men, New
York City, mndo a four-week tour of
Canndn, under the direction of Dr.
James O. Miller, of Alberta, a pioneer
in tho work of reconstruction in Canndn. Tho solicitous attention and untiring efforts of the Canadian officials
in explaining their ndvanccd methods
to this group will bo of invaluable assistance in the formation of plans in
this country. Thc members o'f tho
party will long remember theso courtesies, nnd tho two countries will be
brough t into m uch closer relation
Thore nro, howover, some differences
botween the situation in tho United
Stntes and that of Connda, especially
with respect to tho opportunities open
to thoso returning mon. Canada, with
less than one-twelfth tho population of
tho Unitod States, is larger in area,
and therefore has nniplo virgin nnd
unoccupied land upon which tho returned men may settle in an occupation
most nearly froo of direct competition;
whereas thc disabled men returning to
this eountry must enter again tho competitive labor market, if thoy aro to
engage in profitnblo employment. It is
therefore apparent that the, groat mn
jority of thoso who require training
must bo directed into manual trados
and engaged in manufacturing pursuits.
It is also obvious that, if placement
is lo bc permnnent and  satisfactory,
Be Thrifty!     Be Wise!     Economize!
1. Razor strop, No. 1 guaranteed English finish, raw hide.
Free tor 326 Boyal Crown Wrappers or coupons,
2. Comb and Brush Bet in
box, free for 100 Boyal Crown
wrappers or coupons.
3. Nickel Mirror on Stand-
Good size, froe for 126 Boyal
Crown Wrappers or coupons.
Write for Premium List
palion must be based upon a knowledge of* tho economic conditions of
the country and training must be thorough and not designed merely to put
the man into a wage-earning job. He
may be able to do this without assistance under presont conditions.
When tho soldier is declared unfit
for furthor Bervice at the front, either
in the line or bohind tho lines, he is
returned to his home laud and remains
under tho military control and discipline during hiB physical reconstruction. During this hospital or convalescing period much can be done to
mentally proparo the man for the reeducation or training which mny be
necessary to equip him for hiB futuro
lifo as a civilian.
Duo to months, or perhaps yoars,
spent as a soldier, he has likely lost a
great measure of his initiative, and
becomo uncustomed to being part of a
great machine, the movements of which
wore directed by prepared plans, his
only connection with which had been
to obey. He haB likely been overcome
by a fooling that his injuries have on*
tircly undone him and relaxed1 into a
state of mental irresponsibility for hie
future. This, howover, does not indicate that these mon are without moral
and mental stamina. These men who
have offered themselves as human sacrifices for the cause of liberty, justice
and righteousness, tho sacred blessings
of a free people, have been stunned by
tho horrors of war, and which can be
revived and made to function in their
re-establishment. Through woll directed
advice they must be convinced that
the will to succeed can overcome much
physical handicap, and that they can,
through determination and proper
training, again become material contributors to the aggregate strength of society. A man who is worth only a dollar and a half below Ms neck may be
worth a hundred thousand dollars
above it.
This vocational consultation and ad-
visoment should be begun as early in
the progress of the man's recovery as
is compatible with his physical condition. Tho reasons for this are manifold. It will unquestionably assist
modical troatmont if a brighter picture
of his future can bo presented to his
mind. The fiold can bc surveyed with
a knowledge of his needs, training prepared for hiB chosen occupation, and
any occupational therapy or curative
workshop oxorcises that may be solect-
ed with a viow to itB connection with,
and valuo to, the vocational training
which must follow and prepare him
for the occupation.
In tho selection of a vocation the
case of each tnan must be considered
separately in the light of his surrounding circumstances—the nature of his
disabilities, previous occupation, education, age, family circumstances, and
last, but by no means least, his personal desires and ambitions. Also the
prospects of permanent and profitable
employment, compatible with the man's
handicaps, must be given due thought.
It may bo seriously to the man's advantage to locate him in some part of
the country away from his previous
homo, or to follow the current of op
portunity, as is sometimes necessary in
some of tho industrial occupations. In
such caso tho prospects of employment
in the homo locality of tho man would
bo of vital importnnco to successful
When the naturo of his disabilities
will permit, tho disabled man should be
admitted to re-enter his former occupation; provided, of courso, there is
promiso of continuing opportunities
theroin, or otherwiso ho should he
guided into somo kindred occupation
having such futuro prospects, and
wherein his previous experience or
training may bo utilized ns a foundation for his training. This must be
accomplished by convincing him of the
valuo of such equipment rnther than
by directing him to uso it. Under Buch
general policy of ndviscmont tho terms
of training mny bo kept at a minimium,
with a maximum of benefits to the man,
and his return to industry be in accord with former distribution.
When the new trades must be chosen
greator caro must be oxercised that too
many men are not directed, trained or
educated into tho same trade, reducing
therein thc ordinary opportunities of
employment and creating other undo-
sirablo complications that nccompnny
the oxcoss of supply over demand in
tho labor mnrkcts.
This is a matter which deserves unusual caution because of tho othor considerations which aro liable to overshadow it. Each man will probably
have n decided preference for a particular occupation, regardless of how
h mny, or may not, be suited to his
present situation or promising to liis
later wolfare. The vocational adviser
should not allow this preference of the
man, evon thc nature of his disnbil
ity, to entirely outweigh and oxeludi
from due consideration this important
viow of the future.
Men should he advised against enter
ing a trado which is on tho wane
rather than enjoying a healthy growth,
Thoy should be guided into occupations
that offer steady employment, rntlior
than thoso promising only seasonal or
unsteady work. Periods of unomploy
ment nro enervating even to those who
nro without disability or hnndicap.
When the physical rehabilitation of
tho returned man has been completed
he is discharged from tho sorvico and
ceases to be under military control and
discipline. He is then ready for ro-
education into tho field of activity
which hns boon chosen as most suited
to his situation.
Thoro -will bo n grent variation
thc qualifications of these men as to
previous training, experience nnd general education, and thero will bo n
variety of occupations into which they
may bo trniucd. It will, therefore, be
impossible to adopt; any rigid formula
which will meet the needs of all alike
Home may be returned to their forme
trades or occupations with fully re
stored cupucity after very little training to overcome their handicaps.
Others with more serious Inj'drlos may
require different and much longer
periods of training. There will be
othors who must be trained or odu*
ruled into an enliioly different line of
Tradi'snicu who can return to tlie
name general Held of their former pur*
suits may, with a courso of teehiiieal
school training, overcome thoir disabilities and be able to pass directly therefrom into some lighter operations in
tho snme trnde, with normal ability
nnd fully restored to earning capacity
therein. Others must enter into an
entirely new Hne unequipped with such
allied training and experience as a
foundation for the new trade.
There aro now in effect in the several countries where tho, problom haB
been taken up various methods of training partly disabled men. The methods
range from the thorough school courses
to Bhort periods of practical experience
in productive shops and manufacturing
Provisions for teaching the technical
trades in Canada vary somewhat between the several re-education centres.,
Thoy include:
(a) Full time in a technical' school.
(b) Full timo in practical training
in a productivo work shop, usually under special arrangements with an employer.
(c) Part time in a technical school
and part time in a practical workshop,
productive or non-productive, operated
in connection with the school.
(d) Part time in a technical school
and part time in a privto productivo
Bhop or manufacturing plant, under arrangement with its management for
practcal instruction.
For consideration in connection with
the economic aspect of this momentous
problem, all methods of training may
be considered as classing themselveB
into two divisions, according to the
theories upon whioh they are based,
and the results sought through them.
Namely: Training a man in some specific operation for a special job with
a particular employer; and Hitting the
man, through thorough technical and
practical training, with sufficient skill
and knowledge of a trade or occupation so that he will have some elasticity therein, and may, to aome extent
at least, be in a position to choose his
This is not so much a question of
methods aa it is one of results. The
length of training and the method employed therein should therefore be -determined by tho facts in each case,
and they Bhould be designed to fit the
man with the degree of economic equality bo essential to his equipmont for
tho battlefields of everyday life.
"Fitting the man to the job" will
no doubt relieve the State of the expense of his training and maintenance
in a much shorter time than will be
required in preparing him for an independent position in tho fields of competition; but this just misses letting the
man shift for himself, and cannot be
defined as rehabilitation.   It iB a relatively eaBy matter to place a man into
a wage-earning job,  regardless of a
tolerable handicap, when tho demand
for all grades of human labor is far
in excoBS of the Bupply, as is at present the cbbo, and which will probably
continue  to be  tho   situation  during
the life of the present war, and while
public sentiment continues to demand
special consideration for the returned
man.   The existence of these conditions
should not mislead us into false theory
regarding the future, and cause us to be
neglectful of our full duty toward tho
returned man.   When the titanic struggle is a matter   of   history   and   thc
peoplo begin to hate the memory of its
awfulncss;  when  business and industry have resumed  their former channels, and appreciation of thc returned
horo hap been cooled in streams of competition and  profit-seeking; then will
come tho real   test   of   tho    returned,
man's fitness.   He must then compete
with the normal man, possibly under
abnormal conditions brought about by
the return to civil life of that large
body of mon from the front. It may,
therefore, be said that the duty of
those charged with the responsibility
of re-establishing the roturned and disabled men is not merely to get them a
job with a particular employer under
those favorable conditions, but to reestablish him as nearly as is humanly
possible, and in the shortest time practicable, to Mb former economic status
and standard of living, in an occupation in which he can compote with a
normal man under normal conditions,
and earn and command the prevailing
or standard rato of wagos or incomo.
It is obvious that the men who must
go into occupations that are entirely
new to them should be provided practical training in addition to a technical school course. With bucIi cases
those questions arise: Should the practical training be carried on in a specially provided productive shop; in a
specially provided non-productive shop,
or in a privately operatod productive
shop, plant or factoryf This is another
phase that must be governed by tho
facts which vary with each case. If
the training iB done in a non-productive shop, the variety of operations
will be materially restricted, and,
thereforo, less practical than the opportunities afforded in * a productive
shop; or else, there will bo an unwar*
rantable waste of material. If the
training is done in a productive shop,
whether such shop is oporated in connection with the school or is of private
ownership, the product is brought into
competition with "journeyman labor,"
and care should be exercised that the
processes are directed for training
rather than output. In the latter (private operated shop) the natural inclination of the employer to disregard
tho real object in favoi of profits would
roquiro attention or the arrangement
may prove valueless to the man and
the labor unionB become indifferent
and possibly alienated.    .
It thereforo seems advisable in theso
cases where men are to be fitted for
trades in which they have had no previous experience (and obviously such
will be necessary) that either after the
school courso, or concurrent therewith,
a regular apprenticeship should be provided in some productive shop, plant
or factory, with due time allowance
mnde for tho school training. Careful
arrangement should be made to insure
propor practical training, and guard
against the jeopardy of trade union
standards, either by tho employer or
of the employer. If this is done thc
immediate intorest of tho disabled man
will be protected and the co-operation
of organized labor in his training and
permanent placement assured.—Ma*
chinists Journal. i^flfl
If you htven't Joined tha Federated Labor
Pirtjr, get ia touch with Secrutwry Trotter,
Room 208, Labor Templo, or tny of tht flee-
president! throughout the province. ***
Pumps for every purpose,
hand and power drive; large
assorted stock. Also engines,
motors, dynamos, water-
wheels. Engineering advice
Pumps & Power Ltd.
216-224  ABBOTT  ST.
I handle only legitimate  Oil Com-
«iniei. I have pla»d Wyoming'
Western Oil Company'( stock, aad
later-Gountain Oil Company's itoek
with uy clients, to their entire ut*
WBSTBSN-WTOlQHa hu recently declared a dividend and is a going
DTTBB-MOTOTAHI hai five producing and one gaa veil, hai eublet
acreage to threo different companies,
on a royalty bails, and is making
flnanclal arrangeraenti to drill sir
more wells in tba Garnet Field, Kansas,   where   its   producing  wells   are
I have a few shares of WTOMTJrO-
WESTERN to offer at 35 CENTS A
Oil in commercial quantities near
Vincouver would double our population inside two years. Hr. Jewell,
eminent oil geologist of Kansii Olty,
hu spent two weeks reporting on oil
possibilities on tbe Lower Mainland
of B. 0. He reports wry highly on
the oil formation from West Vaneoaver to Chilllwack, and says an oil
IiHuin   is  somewhere  in  this  district.
The National OU Company hu secured oil leasei In all the moit likely
National Oil hu leases In the Oar
net Field, Kaunas; producing wells
surround these I«anes; it alio bu
leasei In Wyoming. The National Oil
Company Is not u yet idling itock
to the public. I ean now place a
few syndicate shares—ground floor
shares-—on very favorable terms.
Look me up. I ean advise yon on
any oil investment. I specialise la
oil development, both loeal and foreign.      RmrtOTiR nm PLAOB
-Expert Motorcycle and Bicycle
Indian Moto cycle
Full Stock of Bicycles and Supplies Al-ways on Hand
Agent for Massey Hurts and
Indian Bicycles
Vanconver, B. O.
Patronizo B. C. Fedorationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
The   Original   Credit   Clothing
Store of Vanconver
'   Ladies'  Suits,  Dresses,
Skirts and  Coats and
Hen's Suits
Quality   Price   Credit
We aell on the baais of a small
cash deposit and balance In small
weekly payments. You wear the
garments while you are paying
for them.
Call nnd see onr Fall stock.
Get ncqunintcd with our methods.
B. C. Outfitting Co.
342 Hastings Street
Near Homer
Here's the Best $6.00 Boot Value for Men
Johnston's $6 Boots have
taken Vancouver by
storm. It's the best boot,
value offered in Canada.
Boots at $1.50 to $2.00 a
pair less than anywhere
in Vancouver; nifty styles
for the young fellow;
plainer and more conservative styles for thc older
man; made, especially for
Johnston's by factories
who figured the wholesale
cost close in order to enable us to sell them at the
low price of $6.00. If
$6 is your price for boots,
don't look further. Lot
Johnston solve the problom.
We nre plbasod to nnnounco tlmt wo linvt* added tho famous original
"Sinter Shoo" to our toon's stock. Those an* tin* old-time Slater's—
thoroughly roliablo and perfect shoomalttng throughout, and as tlao u
lot of shoes as you would care to look ut. Edelt puir branded with tho
"slate" stamp, whieh every genuine Sinter carries. l'.tich pnir union
stumped nad guaronteod in every respect. Blacks in light, medium
and henvy weights. Tans, dark nnd light, with cult' or colored baOK
tops. Lasts to suit the most fastidious. We thoroughly recommend
thoso to the mun who wants u ronl shoe. Drop ia and look over the
is."   Prices inoderutc when quality is considered.
Neolin and Acme Sole Boots for Men
pedal here that will nt  least save yon .42.00— ,
'Ln™t_l*l $6.00
nnd solid rubber lieel Hint
^_______\ $6.00
A speciul here thnt will at least Hav
Men's Black OM Boots, WHITE neolin sol*
Goodyear welt soles; worth $8.51). Sntiirdu*
Hero's u Brown Calf Boot with Acme sol
will sell anywhere ut #S.00. These aro aew
und wonderful value ut Johnston's price of.
Sounds like old times to
lie advertising $5.00
Hoots. Since tbo heavy increases in leather boots at
this price have been practically forced out. However, wo have them, and
can give you your choice
of 10 different styles in
blacks, at the very low
priee of $5.00 the pair.
See Johnston's   values
If thoy don't
wear good
makes good
■aUheffiflH qftftfl% electric Be^t
409ffA:^i,wjsSrt\ . Colo.
Vancouver B CX'iX NEo\Westminster BC
PEntAT. August 30, 1918
Phone Seymour 1070
J. H. M1N0RE
Fine Tailoring   :   :   :
Cleaning and Pressing
431 Homer Street
Everything for the Kodak
421 Oranrille Street
Returned Soldiers
Cigar Stand
963 GranvUle
Your   Patronage   Solicited
Vancouver Transfer Co. Ltd.
Contractors for Theatre Baggage—Warehouse
Space to Rent—Office and Warehouse Space
for Commercial Agencies—Furniture Storage
Phone us the number of your Bailway
or Steamship Check.   Immediate Delivery
844 Cambie Street        Phones: Seymour 68 and 69
If it is not call up the
Beaconsfield Hygienic Dairy
or drop a card to our offlce, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
We Guarantee to Oive You Satisfaction—Give Us a Call
Trades Congress of Canada
Forced Hand of the
Columbia Paper Co., Ltd.
Holp local industry by asking for "Columbia Bond"
Kelly Confection Co.
Syrup and Molasses Refiners
Honey packers, manufacturers of confectionery, macaroni, peanut
butter, mincemeat, marmalade and other pure food products
1106 Mainland Street VANCOUVER, B. C.
Stett's Millinery Opening
Be sure to see our display of Velour and
Velvet Hats.  We have the best that can
be made.
Velvet Tarns, $2.00 up     Felts, 50c up
B.C. Marine, Limited
INNES HOPKINS, Managing Director Bayview 706
j K McKENZIE, Superintendent - Highland 1089
G. RANDALL, Foreman Machinist ralrmont 113L
A  I   BLACKIE, Outside Representative Highland 1646R
C.' .LISTED, Secretary Highland BUR
W. R. WARNER, Foreman Pattornmakor Highland 1290X
F. W. HAWES, Purchasing Agent.: Highland 10B3L
Privato Exchange Connecting All Deportments
Advice from Great Britain's
Labor Forces Acted
It is no secret to Labor- mon that
before any othor movemont in Canada
had taken hold of the question of soldiors' pensions, organized Labor had
already dealt with, the problem. This
was probably largely due to tho fact
that tho trados organizations in the
Dominion, with thousands of their members serving overscan, and being in
close touch with tho Labor Movement
of tho Old Land, had received informa
tion early in tho war as to what might
bc oxpected to occur in Canada when
thousands of soldiers would return
home wounded from the front, a large
proportion of whom would be incapacitated thereafter from earning a
livelihood at thoir usual avocation or
by means of manual labor.
It was because of this advice re
ceived direct from tho workers of
Britain that such prompt action was
taken in regard to securing adequate
pensions for the men who should re*
turn disabled from overseas. In this
connection it must be remembered that
it was tho Labor Movement in Great
Britain that forced the government to
increase tho rate of pay to Britain's
soldiers, that secured au increase in
the separation allowance to their families and a material increase in their
pension rates. These facts, however,
are so well known that it will not be
necessary to dwell upon them furthor
at this timo.
Suffice it to say that beforo a single
injured soldier had returned to Canada resolutions were sent on to the government asking that the men who were
risking their loves in the cause of the
Empire should be amply compensated
for injuries received and the rights of
those dependent upon them safeguarded in the event of their death.
After thousands of crippled soldiers
had returned from overseas, patriotic,
fraternal, and other societios clearly
recognized that tho government had
not made proper provision to provido
for these unfortunates; also began to
importuno Ottawa to make more adequate provisions to meet tho situation
in a systematic and common-sense readjustment of pension rates on a more
liberal scalo than the mothod in vogue.
And, as Labor wao tho firBt to grapple with the problem, so also was it
the ilrst to put up a definite proposition to the government and state what
scales of pension or remuneration
should to paid to the returned soldiers
and those dependent upon them.
But the labor unions did not stop at
this. They appointed special committees from tho various central bodies,
or Trades and Lubor councils, whoso
duty it was to secure statistics and information at ilrst hand, not only
through correspondents with the trades
unions in Britain, but from roturned
soldiers in Canada; they took into consideration tho ever-growing high cost
of living, and carried on a systematic
work of research covering considerable
periods of time. Many petitions were
forwarded to the authorities at Ottawa, protesting against the altogether
inadequate ratos adopted and against
the unjustifiable treatment in so many
instances handed out to the returned
men; but without receiving very much
satisfaction from the politicians in
charge. There were promises of consideration galore, but very little action of any kind in regard thereto.
Howover, the work of theso various
committees had resulted in the accumulation of a mass of evidence of a most
valuable character, so that when the
Trades and Labor Oongress of Canada
met in convention in Ottawa last September, with delegates in attendance
from all sections of the Dominion, a
special committee which was immediately uaed to take up the subject of
pensions and patriotic funds was in a
position to intelligently discuss the
mattor without a moment's needless
delay. This committeo was composed
of representatives from the various
provinces of the Dominion, nnd went
into the matter iu a systematic and
thorough raanno.
Up to tho timo the various parties
that had importuned the government
to adopt a niore liberal policy had put
no concreto proposition before it, and
had erely pointed out the fact that in
thoir estimation the administration at
Ottawa had not mado ample provision
to safeguard the welfare of the men
fro overseas.
This committee, however, brought in
a report to the congress, in which it
recommended that definite action be
taken, and went most exhaustively into
thc matter, which took up a great deal
of timo. The suggestions advanced by
the committee were keenly debuted,
and finally it was docided by a unanimous vote to press upon the government, immediately, tho desirability of
incroasiug the pay of private soldiers,
as $1.10 a day was entirely inadequate,
and thut an increnso that would take
into account the increased cost of liv*
ing should bo put into effect, and that
the pay of non-com missioned officers
be also increased in proportion.
That all pensions bo standardized
and the discriminations at present
shown between the rank and file and
tlie higher commissioned officers be
eliminated, making tho pension for
total disability $100 a month, irrespective of rank; and for 20 per cent, disability an amount not to exceep $100,
depending upon tho ciroumstances of
the case; the abolition of the putriotic
fund, and tho increase of tho Hcpnration
allowance to soldiers' dependents by
approximately (50 per cent., to counteract tho deficiency caused by the abolition of the fund.
Chairman Moore, who presented tho
report, stated that under the new scalo
while this would mean that tho estimated cost to thc government of $40,-
000,000 in pensions, afer the war,
would be practically doubled, yet tho
government could easily stand this,
provided thc much-advocated increased
income taxation and taxation on land
valuer was put into offect.   The adop-
Statistician   Vancouver   Trados   and   Labor
Council, who is  n^n-sonting tlio  Vancouvor Letter Carriers iu thta wage investigations.
Is Under Management of
T. J. Grant and J.
A. Mcintosh
The St. .Regis Hotol is one of the
most modern and fireproof buildings in
the city, and its location at the corner
of Dunsmuir and Seymour streets
makes it particularly attractive to visitors who wish to be down town in the
centre of things, but still not too close
to the noise and bustle of tho main
business arteries.
The business has been taken over by
Mr. Grant and* J. A. Mcintosh. The entire building has been redecorated and
newly furnished from top to bottom,
and Mr. Grant's extensivo knowledge
of tho hotel business will warrant the
statement that the service offered both
transient and permanent guess will be
second to none.
Mr. Grant has boen associated with
the hotel business on the coast for the
past twelve years and in recent yenrs
has been chief clerk of the St, Regis.
The hotel will bo run strictly on the
European plan with special rates for
permanent guests and conventions.
Packing Concerns Obstruct
Investigators in
Not content with its recont roport on
profiteering by metal, flour, leather,
lumber, sulphur and other intorests, the
federal trado commissioner of the
United States haB fired a broadside at
tho fivo large packing houaea—Swift,
Armour, Morris, Cudahy and Wilson—
who are termed " conspirators,'' and
whose business practices reflect on
American claims of regard for law.
These government officials declare
that thoir investigators have met every
obstacle that the packers' ingenuity
and monoy could devise to impede
'We had to meet schools for witnesses, " it is stated, '' where employees
were coached in anticipation of their
being called to testify; we had to meet
deliberate falsification of returns properly required under legal authority;
wo had to meet a situation created by
tho destruction of letters and documents vital to this investigation, and
we had to meet a conspiracy in the preparation of answors to the lawful inquiries of this commission."
Tho report says that "some show of
competition is staged by the five great
packers, but that is superficial and unreal. ''
"How sham it is," say the investigators, "will bo fully set out in the accompanying summary and the complete
roports. Somo independent packers exist by sufferance, und a few tardy ones
have survived in .real competition.
Around such fow of theso as remain the
lines are drawing in."
tion of the committee's report was enthusiastically applauded.
It happened that the Dominion Parliament wns in session while tho Trades
CongresB convention was on, and it was
decided that thc committeo and tbe
executive of the congress should immediately ask thc Promier and cabinet
for an interview to lay the mattor beforo them,
hiradlcjwoul; rdlu pu pu pu pu wypau
It was the unanimous belief of the
delegates that tho time had come to
force the government to go on record
in regard to increased pay for the soldiers in the trenches, higher and adequate pensions and larger separation
allowances for dependents, and it was
felt that with a Federal election evidently closo at hand, it would mean
tho government would havo to turn
the proposition down or else deal with
it, and that as a result, even if it did
not go as far as it was asked to do,
the government could not ufford to ig-
noro tho request, and thnt something
would be dono to incrcaso the rateB.
Premier Borden and hiB cabinot colleagues agreed to receive the big deputation, and it was intimated in no uncertain manner that organized Labor
was behind tho roturned soldiors and
would back up thoir offorts to securo a
long-deferred measure of juBtice.
The result waa foreseen. The
governmont was forced to faco the
issuo. It did not dare to go to the
people in a general election and have it
thrown up that it had refused such a
fair proposition, and beforo tho elections wero brought on the Pension
Board announced that pension ratos
ond separation allowances woro to bo
Ittcroasod.—Industrial Banner.
Comparison Between London, England, and
Restriction    of    Liberties
Brings Revolt in
Its Train
It must strike even the unobservant
man aB peculiar that a number of labor
leaders in British Columbia have been
marked for deportation. What awful
crime havo these men committodt In
what way are they dangerous to the
peace of tho community f These men
are British subjects, and when we examine the records of their paat, we find
that a moro harmless, a more law-abiding Bet of individuals do not exist. The
political henchmen of the owners of
British Columbia aro about the most
short-sighted creatures in the province,
and thoir patriotism ia of a very low
order. The Vancouver Ialand striko
resulted in driving out of the province
forever a large number of old country
miners and their families. These men
can nevor be replaced. Where a man's
parents die, where his children aro
born, there is his home and his country,
that is, if a working man haa a country.
Thero is no hope of a harmonious social
life whero political liberty is denied or
curtailed by the omployers of labor or
their agents. Free political expression
always makes for progress. The opposite is always the result where men are
afraid of stating openly their views on
current topics. The working man in the
British Islca is not discriminated
against to the same extent as his brother in travail in the last great Weat.
Au employer would heBitate a long
time before he fired an employee because he was a deep dyed Socialist. To
give the employers in the Old Country
their due, we are under the impression
that they would conaider it none of
their business. Wo have known men
sont to jail for causing disorder, and
their jobs have been kept open for
them, although their employers had no
sympathy with their political viewa.
The firat thing to do if the whole province is not going down to ruin is to
insist on full and free political expression for overy individual citizen and to
stand solidly against nnything that partakes of discrimination. Tho liberties
wo are supposod to enjoy under the
coiiBtitution we should at all times be
prepared to maintain, and to defend
and the truest patriotism is shown by
thoso who firmly oppose tho taking
away of the privileges our forefathers
suffered so much to obtain.
At Hydo Park corner in London, ono
may hear many thiugs he does not agro0
with, but Hydo Park corner is one of
tho safety valves of the Empire. Is
London lacking in patriotism because
every shado of thought can come into
tho open?   Wo do not think so.
We should not caro one iota about
tho result of tho war wore it not for
the fact that tho Germnn system of
governmont provonta tho individual in
Gormany from expressing himself as an
individual. The ruling class in that
country hold the common herd in political bondago. All thoso near-sighted
British politicians who in this country
aro endeavoring to restrict the liberties
of British subjects and to establish
something of the same naturo as the
German mothod of government are
playing the Prussian game, and those
noble hearts who oppose them are fighting for those sacred liberties which
every son of the old sod regards as
dearer than life.
British Columbia can nover be the
happy country wo would all liko to see
it until those who rule it are determined to make it a country of happy
The legislation must be of a nature
that will encourage permanent residence in tho province. These men, who
have been picked out as undesirable,
are married men, who in all probability
desire nothing more than to livo and
die here. Most of thom havo lived
amongst us for many years. They are
all working men and are known in the
province as clean and decent members
of the community. Their only crime is
that they take an intereat in mankind
in general. Their follow workmen, recognizing their ability and their integrity, have chosen them on various
occasions for positions of trust, and
nover in any singlo instance have they
proved unfaithful to tho confidence
placed in them. The whole lifo of these
toon, ainco thoy arrived here, has been
dovoted to making the country in which
we livo a placo, fit to live in. They
arc aa we indicated in the first part of
thia article, of Britiah atock, and thoy
have worked as thoir ancestors workod,
in the Old Land, to build up tho country that they hoped to make their own.
They have nover been mixed up in real
estate swindles or crooked mining deals.
They have never hold fat political jobs.
They have just worked as plain, simple
mon. If wo interpret tho temper of the
poople of British Columbia correctly,
these men will not be removed from our
midst, but will remain amongst us. We
do not know of any law on tho statute
book that they have violated. Wo object to Prussianiasm in nny form, and
never do wo feol such abhorrence for it
as when it raises its head in our very
midst in the disguise of a cheap and
shoddy patriotism.
When a number of men were deported from South Africa to England a
short time ago, half a million men
greeted thom when they reached London and demanded to know why tho
constitution had been raped, and we
hold tho view that war or no war, the
working mon of Canada and Britain
will apoak with no uncertain voice
should anything of tho same nature bo
attemtped hero. Tho attempt will not
succeed. The common man is opening
his: eyes und tuking stock of certain individuals. He is sizing up his political
enemies, and if ho articulates anything,
it is to this effect: "what a damned
fool I've been to lot a gang of individuals like these run thiugs for ine. I'll
show them who'll run this country at
the next election. Railroad our lenders
out of the country would they? It
strikes me tlmt if they are railroaded
anywhere, it will bo to the gas
houses at Victoria or at Ottawa."
Motor Vehicles
—A mo-ring service that's dependable tear dar ln Om year, and that
never disappoints the people.
—OAMPBELL transfers yonr effects on long or short hails with equal
smoothness and despatch at equitable standard rates.
Offices: 867 BEATTY STBEET Phone:  Seymour 7360
Famous Chocolates and Home-made Candies
Main Store
675 Granville Street
Branch Store
990 Granville Street
Blue Ribbon Tea
You get real tea value when you buy this
brand, and its delicious flavor costs you
nothing extra.
Blue Ribbon Tea—grown by Britishers
for Britishers.
You are invited to look over
Phone Sey. 7275
"My Vanoouver Home"
-THIS modern, fireproof hotel, with its 120 outside rooms,
* has been re-dceorated and newly furnished throughout.
Owing to it being so centrally located, and near thc Labor
Temple, Trades Unionists are specially catered to.
Special rates for permanent guests, conventions, etc.
Rates, European Plan:
$1 and $1.50 with use of bath, or $2 with private bath,
THOS. J. GRANT and J. A. McINTOBH, Props, and Associate Mgrs.
School Books and Supplies
Make our store your headquarters for School Books,
Reeves' Paints, Pastels, Paint Brushes, Compasses,
School Bags, Loose Leaf Note Books, etc.
The Vancouver Stationers, Limited
683 Granville Street Phone Seymour 5119
Phone Seymonr 600 Purchasing Office: 24 Chapel St., Ll-rarpool
National Machinery Co. Limited
Importers and Merchants
925 Main Street VANOOUVER, B. 0.
A. L. NEWSON, Manager
Linotype Service
Best and Most Up-to-date Service of any Pacific Coast Olty
Rear 438 Pender Street West
On Lane between Richards and Homer Sts.
Phone Seymour 534 VANOOUVER, B. 0.
'Make It Home'*
Hotel aAlca%ar
Opposite Labor Temple VANOOUVER, B. 0,
Headquarters for Labor Men
Rates:  75c and $1.00 per day $4.50 per week and up
"Make It Home" PBIDAY.  AogUBt 30, 1918
Semi-ready Tailoring
We advertise and commend
Semi-ready Clothes not because of a better profit, but
because our customers get
better service from good
clothes like Semi-ready Tailoring.
Thomas & McBain
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Allied Printing Tradei Council—R. H. Nee-
landi, Box, 66, VancoUTW, B. 0.
Bakers,   No.  179—J. Blaok,    Eaalo itreet,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Barbers—S. H.  Orant,  820 Cambie atreet,
Vancouvor, B, 0.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter,   4211 Oxford
street, Vancouver, B, G.
Soilorniakers—A. Fraser, 212 Labor Temple.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1685 Thirty
foarth avenue eait, Vancouver, B, 0.
Boot and Shoo Workeri—Tom Cory,    446
Vernon drive.
Brewery Workeri—A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fonrth avenue west,
Bricklayers—William    8.    Dagnall,    Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Brotherhood of Carpenten District Council—
J. Q.  Smith, Room 208, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B, 0.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginoers—h. T.
Solloway,  1167 Hanrood atreet, Vancouver, B. 0.   Seymour 1848R.
Brothorhood   of   Locomotive   Firemeu   and
Enginemen—H, G   Savage, 1286 Hornby
Brotherhood Railroad Employees—0.    Bird,
2080 Union atreet.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen-
Brotherhood   of   Maintenance-of-Way   Employees— E. Corado, 288 Clark drive.
Butchers and Meat Cutters—Thoi. Anderson,
587 Homer street.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia street.
City Flromon—G. J. Richardson, No. 1 Fireball.
Civio Employoes—G. Harrison, 1886 Woodland drive.
Cooks,  Waiters,  Waitresses—W.  McKensle,
Room 200, Labor Temple,   Sey. 1681.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley,  437 Gore avenue.    Sey. 4704,
Eleotrleal Workers—E. H. Morriion, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Freight Handlers—H. 8, Duncan, 1868 Eleventh avenue east.
Garmont WorkerB—Ada Hawksworth,   8516
Fleming streot.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry,    Columbia
Homo   Workers'   League—Mrs,  0.  M, Kin,
159 HaBtings street east.
Lathers—A. 1*. Surges, 10 Hastings east.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight,     177  Seventeenth avonue west.
Longshoremen—F.  Chapman,     804    Ponder
street west.
Lonitsaorenien's   Auxiliary,     No.   88-52—E.
Winch,  152 Cordova East.
Machinists—Jas.   H.    MoVety,   Room   211,
Labor Tomplo.
Machinists,   No.   720   (Garagetnen)—H.   H.
Trail. 716 Gilford street.
Machinists,   No.   777—W.   Stroet.  798   Six-
teenth nvenuo oast.
Marine  Firemen and Oilers—D. Haley,   88
Thos. Scott, 829 Columbia Ave.    Sey. 8698.
Mill and   Factory Workors,     No.   1958—F.
Brownaword, Labor Temple,
Moving   Picture  Operators—A.   0.   Hansen,
P. 0. Box 846.
Musicians—E. J, Jamleson, Room 805, Labor
Oil Refinery Workors—loco, B. 0.   A, Smith,
3745 Union stroet.
Order of   Railroad Conductors—G.   Hatch,
761 Beatty atreet.
Painters—D. Lemon,      Room 808,      Labor
Pattern Makers (Vancouver)—E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Grey road.
File  Drivers   and   Woodon  Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—J. Williamson,   1073—28th Ave.
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,  Room 200 ft. Labor
Temple.   Phone Sey. 8611.
, Press Assistants—Thoi. Graydon, 8727 Onl-
ledon itreet, South Vaneonver.
Pressmen—E. B. Stephenson, P. 0. Box 894.
Railway Mall  Clerks,  Vanconver Branch—
Charles Felix, R. M. 8. offlee, P. 0. Bldg.,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Retail Gierke' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melville street.
Seaman's Union—W. Hardy, P.O. Box 1865.
Sheet Metal Workers—Geo. Bowerlng, Vancouver Heights P. 0.
Shipbuilders'   LabororB—Phelps,  Room 220,
Labor Tomple.
Shipwrights    and    Canlkera—J,  Bromfleld,
Room 212, Labor Temple,
Soft Drink Dlsponsors—W. Mottishaw, 202
Labor Temple,    Sey., 1681.
Stationary Firemen  (Gas Workers)—T. M.
Martin,  1240 Robson street,  Sey. 6208T.
Stoam   and   Operating    Engineers—W,   A.
Alexander,   Rom 218.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chas. Feree,
05 Powell street.
Stereotypers—W, Bayley, elo Dally Provlnee.
Stonecutters—Alex, Dull, Box 1047.
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A. Hoover,
corner Main and Prlur streets. Phone
exchange Sey. 5000; residence, Fair, 641R.
Structural    Iron    Workers—Roy    Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Tailors—W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box 608.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, No. 656—587 Homer street, B. Showlor.
Telegraphers—W. D. Brine, P.O. Box 482.
Theatrical Fedoration—Room 804-805, Labor
Theatrical Stago Employoes—G. Martin, 667
Prior streot.
Tilolayors   and   Helpers—A,  Jamleson,    640
Twenty-third avonuo east.
Trades and Labor Counoll—Vlotor R. Midgloy, Room 210, Labor Tomple.
Typographical Union—H, Neelands, Box 66.
Warehousemen!  Association—A.  R,  Robertson, 587 Hom&r streot.
Upholsterers   and   Trimmers—W,    S.   Watt,
1408 McLean Drive.
Ask for Labor Temple  'Phons Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated)
B. 0. Coast Stewards—W. R. Field,  Room
203, Labor Tomplo.
Boilermakers—L.     Cummlngs,     214    Labor
Blacksmiths—C.   Rous?,   Room   202,   Labor
Bridge  and  Structural Iron Worksrs—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood  of  Carpentors,   No,   2847,   F.
Barratt, Room 208.
Butchers and Moat Cutters—Thos, Anderson,
587 Homer stroot.
Civic Employoes—W. McFarlano, Room 218,
Labor Tomplo.
Cooka  and  Waiters—W.   MoKenile,   Room
209, Labor Templo.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avonuo.    Offlco phono, Bey.
4704;  residence, High. 718R.
Eloctrical Workers—E. H. Morriion,   Room
207,    Phono Soy. 8510.
I. L, A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 152 Cordova
East.    Phono Soy. 6859.
Longshoremon1 a   Association—A.   Reld,   804
Pender Street Went; phono Soy. 0359.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving Plcturo Operators—J. C. LaChance,
Room 804.
Musicians—E, A. Jamloson* Room 805,
Pilo Drivers    and    Woodon Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room   BOfJ-J-fc,    Labor Tomplo.
Phono Soy. 3611.
Painters—D. McDormott. Room 808.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%.    Phono
Sey. 1390       Always Open
The T. Edwards Co.
812 Main Street
When you break anything, don't buy new.
Help win the war by
having the pieces fixed
at "Armstrong's Welding Shop."
Phone Fair, 3S6B
Knitting Company
High - grade hand - knit
Sweater Coats, Sweaters
and Fancy Knit Goods for
men, women and children.
Granville and Smythe Sts.
Established 1887
"The Home of Comfort"
Constructed and Furnished to meet the most exacting requirements of
the travelling public.
Phone Highland 196
Globe Iron Works
General Machine Work
Engine and Boiler Repairs
Manufacturers of
Offlce and Works:
1815 Pandora St.
Oorner Salsbury Drive
C. H. Jones & Son
Manufacturers   Pioneer" brand Tents, Awnings and Canvas goods
of all kinds.
110 Alexander Street
Vice-president B. 0. Fedoration of Lsbor for
Surely Economic Necessity
and Modern Science
Paves Way
Returned Soldier Elected at
Victoria Is a Sign
of the Times
THE PROCESS of development to be
observed in nature is from unity
through disintegration and differenta-
tion to a re-unity on a higher plane. It
can be demonstrated to the initiated
that mankind is passing through snch
an evolution. Firat the communism of
the tribe, then the disintegrations into
the slave civilizations, feudalism, and
wagedom. And now all the forces on
the planet are working towards communism on a higher plane. The study
of the morals and ethics of our ancestors, who lived under primitive communism would amply repay the student at
this time, inasmuch as it would enable
him to comprehend the new ideals and
morals now developing in the minds of
the useful portion of human society. A
short time ago a school teacher in the
course of a lecture, pointed out that
Soy. sen.
Shipyard Laborow' Union—W. Hardy, Room
220,  Labor Tomplo.
Stroet Railway Employees—P. Hoover, cornor Main and Prior etrooti.     Sey. 6000.
Shipwrights   and   Caulkora—H.   A.   Macdon-
uld, Room 212, Lnbor Tomplo.
Stoam Enfcinoitra—A. Aloxandor, Room 216,
Labor Tomplo.
Teamstora—J. P. Pool, 587 Homer (itreet.
Tradea nnd Labor Couneil—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
WarmioiiBomonH Union—A. R. Robertson,
5B7 Homer streot.
realizes the necessity of throwing Jingoism to the winds because it perceives
that the economic forces havo broken
down tho bars that mapped out nations
and the adaptation of the species to the
. new environment thus created is a ne-
csaity if we are to continue to exist.
Bofore the war, the wage slave unconsciously thought   "The   world  is my
hunting ground, efficiency is my religion, and to get a job is my salvation."
He was frequently in hell, because he
could not always find a job, though he
roamed the world over in search of one.
Then the masters of the earth summoned him to fight for his country.    He
somehow connected it with the songs
crooned to him by his toother in his
childhood; his "country" meant the
placo whero he was born, or the particular locality where he had enjoyed a
good job.  Thero was a lot of flag waving and many things ho did not understand1, but ho was only a working man,
and, of course, he must not appear ignorant.   Those who made the speeches
and the young women who smiled so
sweetly upon him, they knew all about
it. Beside, thero was something in him
struggling for expression, and this patriotic display gave him an opportunity
to disclose the yearning that he felt.
Ho always wanted to be a little more
than a machine; life for him was empty
and void, and on rare occasions ho dimly thought there should bo somothnig
moro than what ho got.   Vague adumbrations of manhood stirred within him
and although no slave can think as a
man, yet tho rudiments ho had inherited exorted n somewhat ghostly ifluonco
and rovivod in him to some extent tho
feelings of his forebears. He was trained to Tight, fed and cared for; no worry
about a job uny more.    Ho looked so
different  und  so  much  better in  tho
clothes they gave him that his own choap
photograph was a source of perpetual
wonder and delight to him.   He did his
best, and whon his ability to do this was
no longer extant, owing to wounds, sickness, etc., ho was returned to the place
whero ho had enlisted, and classified as
a "returned soldier."   His poor brain
is  naturally somowhat dazed, and he
has not yet fully realized his position.
He trios to follow tho course he pursued
beforo the war, but it is extremely difficult.    Ho applies for a job, and explains to his prospective employer that
ho has fought for his country,   Tho latter thanks him, but his thanks lack sincerity.   He says "Of courso, all things
being equal, wo givo tho returned soldier tho preference.  Now, if you aro as
good a slnvo  as you  were when you
wont nwny, any job wo havo in your
line is yours, but if not, woll, business
is business.   Its up to tho government."
The returned soldior then confers with
his comrades, and they decide thntif
the working men from other countries
woro interned, the employers would bo
forcod to givo the returned soldiers employment.
Now, tho alion workers have not been
crippled, and is more profitable than the
returned soldier, and the employor is in
business for profit.
Tho government meet s nnd talks
nbout placing tho returned soldior on
the  land,  but,  of  course,  the scheme
Liebknecht Still Leader of
Anti-Junker and Socialist Element
Phillip Schiedemann, leader of the
majority faction of Socialists in the
German parliament, seeing that the
Haase minority faction was growing in
influence and power right along, decided to make a speaking tour and visit
some of the districts where the minority threatened to become the majority.
But Schiedemann's experience was not
one that gave him the unalloyed joy
and bliss of a conquering hero. The reception that he received in his own district of Solingen was probably a shade
more painful than was dished up to him
in other districts where he was less
well known, but it illustrates the point.
Before Schiedemann arrived in Solingen
the Haaseites had plastered the 'town
with a call to their followers to get to
the meeting to "settle with the traitor," who was coming to the city to
throw sand in the eyes of the workers.
The houso was packed on the night of
the meeting. The moment Schiedemann
stepped on the stago bedlam broke
loose. "Heraus mit him!" went up
the cry all over tho hall, and when he
mado an effort to speak the audience
roared: "What abotu Liebknecht!"
What about Dittmanf" (Both are in
prison for opposing the kaiser's war
programme). Many started to sing the
"Internationale,' 'and it became impossible for Schiedemann to utter a
word that was understood by any one
in the crowd. Finally, when it looked
as though the uproar would continue indefinitely the police jumped into the
fray and drove everybody out of the
building. At other places Schiedemann
meetings were broken up in much the
same way.—Cleveland Citizen,
The -Labor Party has issued a call for
a convention of women of Great Britain, to bo held October 16. The convention will'consider tho political and
civil rights of women, and is expected
to demand the right of membership in
the Houso of Commons for thom.
we are seriously considering the matter. '' The working men building ships,
etc., find that they are called upon to
pay moro than formerly for the food
they consume, that the cost of the war
is being pumped out of their stomachs
and this applies to aliens also. They go
on strike, and the returned soldier is
generously offered the position of a
scab. Something rises in his throat,
something he cannot understand, and
although ho is afraid lest his brothers
in the trenches may suffer as a result
of the fact that the ships are needed,
he can not descend to that low level
J.1 J.    1-!, ■ .   - -
teaching the children  to  sing " Euie th^t bs masters consider he is fitted to
Britannia" tended to develop in the ?coapy'   ^ *>y-election occurred recen
young a spirit of "Jingoism!"     The gjjKitSL?L!?K! feeA*.i??
school teacher was one who *_,i ~fit*       n m
him the dawning ethics o* ...n w«M
and so desired to strike down all artifi
cial barriers that stood1 in
nidnf"     The Vi ftnd when tne slave dared to chal-      ln tb-e very nature of thiugs imml-
,n Sir within longe the master for the right to control g""lts and pioneers in a rough and un-
/wrZ the reina of government, it was firmly  developed  country muBt first   of   all
™ "it *!JJffi intimated that ho was going outsido his turu to agriculture for their livelihood,
i-J: "* sphere, and trespassing on the preserves To 6ain a liviug from tb<> aoil requires
the" march of tho"human familv toward of hia «uPeriors.    The returned soldier  a large  expenditure of   human   laboi
Smunil   The Mttlti Persisted; his fellow workingmen lined p^wer  and that means tt* the early
tho reactionary element indicated that JP withJum, and all the subtle	
many still existed who had not felt the those who had deceived him w
KrnntTi of -Mia nnmimr Umn in vain.   He was elected, and now his   worfc tor mom.   mt where land is -
The war now TinlwUl eventually lttto exploiters aro toadying to him and  &r tho clearing and taking, and t
ike war now raging will eventually r to look at  thincs  nro r™g-h a°<* m«do at homo, it is
ivolop into a struggle between that Y/^Jirf.appoint &    much to ask any energetic man to ^
ction which animated by the ideals of ™JJy^yZS but if they do,  another's work for tho benefit of any-
te^fl£^2Ste1^%S tho-'whoLt^WuLSfwlS  one  but  himself.    Labor,  under  sufh
reaUzL^Bne^ I"*** firehim*   The ™rkers are bo" Prim?ivo coudit;°". can 0Illv *» hold
"ffL^l^-Tt7-.^--1*??*"* Tm ginning to stir, and woo betide those   to subserviency by somo external force.
who refuse to obey thoir mandate,   T"  In thfl pflr,v f,nvo thya *"""* '•^-'•^^
..mat pay, nnd it will take some time*,
but "we assure the late warrior that
evory country in the world, the same
process can be observed. Humanity is
on the march. All those obstacles in
the way of working class unity are being rapidly demolished. The ruling
class can not stop the social revolution,
they are as helpless as corks upon the
waves of the sea. Their orders in council and their suspension of Habeas Corpus are valuable lessons. When our
time comes, we will see to it that wo
improve upon their teaching. The returned soldier has not one real friend
outside of that clnss to which he belongs. The soldiers and working men
togethor can sweep away all opposition
to a freo and happy life, like chaff before the wind. Everything that haB
been produced by the hand of labor is
crying to those who suffer to unite and
take possession of their heritage. Amid
the cannons roar iu the heart of the
ghastly inferno staged by the ruling
class of the world, the hand of the
wounded slave of the entente is held
out to thc dying slave of tho Central
Powers, They fight each other now
because thoy believe it to bo their
duty, and they will fight side
by sido when they rccognizo their
duty to tho class to which they belong.
The dawning of class consciousness is
horo. Economic necessity is its warrant. Modern scienco is teaching as it
never was taught before that wo ure
all members ol one another, und no
man Hveth to himself ilium1.
Tho press is daily lying for tho bonefit of the rulors, but in spite of nil its
efforts, "thoro Is nothing hid that shall
not bo revealed, there is nothing covered." that shall not be known. Co-operation between individuals and theu between families, was essential to the life
of man when he competed with tho
brutes of.field and forest. Still greater
co-Operation between class and nations
is now essential to his continued life
on tho earth.
All individuals and peoples who are
not in lino with the great forwnrd
movements in the evolutionary trend,
nro doomed to die.
Up proletariat; rise to a realization
of your historic mission, Tho humnn
family has a history which it can now
road. It is written on tho rocks, and
on evory form of life; it iff branded on
ovory machine and on tho brow of
every slavo on earth, and this history
teaches that in this age and generation
tho slave must burst asunder the bonds
thnt bind him, and stand forth froe.
It is his task to fashion society according to his own will. He is now iu possession of knowledge sufficient to mnke
him the decreeing factor iu social evolution. He can now, if ho will, command by knowledge the forces around
him and transform society for the benefit of nil. He can now organize out of
tho materials of nature and of history a
harmonious nud free society, in which
every mnn shall inherit equally with
every other man the opportunities and
the recourses that "pen out wholeness
and gladness nf lifo to human hope.
The unity of the toiling nnd suffering
millions is inevitable, because it is economically iu ssary.    Tho quicker we
bring it about the sooner we are free.
President Victoria Trades »nd Ubor Conncil, and member of Steam Englneera Union
of that oity.
The Rapid Rise of Industry
in the Neighboring
The Golden Age to Follow
the Development of
Wage System
in the past,  why should not further
organization make for even greater advances  in the  cause  of  common  humanity!
In the very nature of thing! imml
upon as entirely proper and  respectable.
"Tbe Bond Servants"
Contract work and wage work were
the most common in the north. Aa a
rule the contract workers were brought
over from England and partly from
Germany. The contract provided that
in eoniideration of hit passage to
America the '' indentured servant''
should work for his master for a period
of years. In some yet preserved contracts it is provided that a servant
girl's yearly wage was to be three
pounds or $15.00 and free fare from
England. Apprenticeship time at tbis
period was seven years, a contract of a
coopermaster provided that after the
seven years were np the apprentice
should receive two suits of olothes, a
gun, a sabre, and twenty shillings
(about $5). The servant girl received,
at the end of Ave years servioe, a goat
with which to start her life and liberty.
Treatment of such servants was, as a
rule, very bad, and they were severely
punished for trifling offenses. The
courts of that day had offending workers exposed in the stocks and gibbets,
and publicly whipped, besides putting
them into prison and fining them heavily. The gallows and gibbet are seen
as a prominent part cf early New Tork
landscape. When uervants were thus
punished by whipping, their time of
service was generally doubled so it became to the economic advantage of the
masters to goad their workers into
some show of resentment that would
bring this punishment upon them. So
in the year of 1651 a worker was cited
for insubordination and in addition to
other punishment the court costs of
soven pounds and ten shillings were
assessed against him.  The master paid
 _ _****,v.-*™v   ui.u,       aii-d   mooisi    |IIUU
thiB and in return received the right to punucs mey amounted to nothing, if
sell the servant in Virginia, Barbadoes they had no property they had no vote.
or any other English settlement. Labor organizations did  not exist.
There are some people who are con-     Bunaway servants were brought back and and the guild system, so powerful
tinually mooning about "the golden to their masters, punished and oould on the continent, did not make much
age of Labor " and "thoso fine old thereupon be sold  to other masters, headway in this eountry.   In 1048 the
ruinMi.i HnnJit   rt ______    „   *   „*„,, Workers of all kinds didnot count for shoemakers  of Boston organised  the
Colonial times.     If they were to stop tauchj ^ indeed WM ^ u Qf ftny. firat ^ and lfa nMt im»ortattt pro.
to study the real conditions of labor ono who for one reason or another was blem seems to have been the control of
during those times their opinions and thrown into jail.    Historians tell us the less efficient workers, thiB being
 v j»».     uiowiMuf  wu  wt  tue leas emcient  woraors,  tBia   ben
dreams would quickly change. As a that in those early days we had more partly accomplished in the power of
matter of fact labor is much better sympathy with a fallen horse or dog the Gnildmnsters to inspect and reg*
oft today than it was then, and very than w*ttt tbe Poor unfortunate men late and punish the workers who vio-
„— _v " * i willing to ao an^ women of that early date.    Not Iated the rules of the organization.
In the 18th century we find the be-
jew woraers would ne willing to go Baa women oi tnat early date.    Not
back to the conditions prevailing  in only we™ tne runaway servants subject In the 18th century we find the be-
the  American  colonies  shortly   after to 3"! punishment, but free men also ginning of labor organizations of the
their settlement.   Since labor organiza- and fOT tne ta0Bt trifling offences— type of our local unionB.  Early in the
tion has made such splendid progress merely to be in debt waB sufficient. century the shipbuilders of Boston or-
worker; third, the contract laborer or their chains, as it is to the sons* who
"bond   servant."    The   slaves   were would rivet them to their fellowmen
found largely in the South, but this
by no moans implies that slavery as an ___m______m______________m___________W___M
institution was unknown in the North. Passing on now to the free wago
It was not well adapted to industrial workers, what do we findf   Their eon
conditions there and soon died out -for ditions were not so very much in ad
this reason, not because it was looked vance of the others save in soeial sta*
upon as any worse iu Boston than in tus. If for no other reason than to pre*
Jamestown.   In faet many of the lead- vent the wage workers from making
ing northern families carried on the too heavy demands the Pilgrim fathers
slave trade as a regular and lucrative extended their customary severity well
business,  and  many  a  fortune  that into the field of labor.    We flnd the
dates baek to Puritan stock hasitsfonn- Puritans regulating the mode of cloth-
dation in tbls very trade.   The Aboil- ing, the cutting of hair, entertainment
tionists of later years were mobbed of guests, kinds of pleasure, prices of
quite as freely in New England as else- commodities, and even the times, places
where, and the institution was looked and  conditions under  whieh	
might kiss his wife I It is only to bo
expected that they should regulate the
amount of wages workers could be paid
and to fix penalties fo* the violation of
this law. In the year of 1633 the general court of Massachusetts decided
that carpenters, bricklayers, saw-mill
workers, mill builders, ete., should not
receive knore than two shillings por
day when furnishing their own board
and keep, or led. (28c) per day wben
boarded by the master. The wages of
common labor were, of course, much
lower, and were decided by tke municipal constable together wtih two other
persons. The beat common laborer received 18 pence per day witb room and
board. The hours of labor were from
sunrise to sunset, and it was prescribed how much time could be allowed
for meals and rest. Whoever paid or
accepted higher than the statutory
wages was punished with a flne of five
shillings the rule being later changed
to punish only the workers who accepted more than the legal pay and not uie
masters who offered it.
In the year of 1635 a number of workers were punished because they accepted 2 shillings and 6 pence, only six
pence more than tho law allowed. In
1638 two tailors were punished with a
fine of 16d. because they were away
from work for one day. And when the
price of commodities as a whole went
down in 1640, the general court of Mas-.
sachusetts decided that wages, too,
should be reduced.
Against these conditions tbe workeri
had very little means of protection.
Their surroundings were of an entirely
local nature and they had no intellectual development to speak of. The happenings of the world at large were unknown to them as their means of newa
transmission were sadly limited. In
polities they amounted to nothing, if
In In the early days this force consisted
' of either the institution of chnttlo slavery or that of indentured or bond
North and Soutn
The country must bo divided, industrially, into two great divisions, North
and South. Tho former may bo typi-
flod by New England, tho latter by
Virginia. Social life and customs, as
well as the economic methods upon
which these rest, differed widely between those two localities. In the
south tho rich black soil and long summer mado large farming estates where
cotton and tobacco were raised the
rule. These products required tho attention of a large amount of comparatively unskilled labor, hence whon in
1009 the firBt cargo of negro slavos
were sold in Virginia tho solution of
the labor problem waa assured for
many years to come.
The history of slavery in tho Unitod
States is woll known, so w-e need not
go into it here. The story of "froe"
labor is not so well known und to it
l shall devote ourselves.    The rocky
il of New England did not permit
the extensive agriculture that became
the bnsis of Southern development,. Instead the smnll farm was tho rulo, with
just enough bind to bo worked by the
fanner and the male members of his
family, while his wire and daughters
took eare of the household industries.
The New England colonist wns perforce a "Jaok of all trades," he wns
farmer and husbandman ami artisan,
lie could mnke his own agricultural
tools, lie could smith his own iron, and
eould transform the trees of tho forest
into homos nud furutlure with only
tlie help of saw, nxe, and piano. Tho
women, too, were capable, and on vory
broad lines—they could weave and spin
aud turn out garments In wool, cotton,
hair, und fur, they preserved and prepared nnd preserved food, mude butter nnd cheese and did a thousand and
one tilings for which rhe modern housewife depends on the factory and the
department store.
The Rise of the Artisan
A change soon set in nud division of
labor eame naturally as moro and inure
Colonists arrived from overseas. Some
found it to tlieir advantage to become
fishermen and later seamen nnd nier-
chants Instoad of trying to get n living
out of tho stoney soil. Population increased further and noon additional machinery of production beyond the
melius of tho individual became DGOO-a*
sary. Thus wn had, exclusively through
means of municipal support, the Ilrst
siiw-mills, tanneries, flour mills, iron
works nud similar Industries. Communal saw mills were, in fnct, erected j
hire long before anyone though of
their use in old England or even in |
With  tho beginning of modern  in-1
dustry  came   alao  the  nocd   of   free
•Iters   and   definite  system   of   remuneration.    Thus   the   wago-worklug
began to develop. There ,were
three kinds of workers ill those dnys.
First, the slaves; scrund, the free wnge
Classification ofl Contract Workers
These bond servants or contract
workers of colonial times can bo divided into three classes. First, the Be-
deraptionists, or people who had voluntarily accepted a working contract to
the effect that they would work off
their passage money by servico for a
limited term of years. Second, persons
who were kidnapped or shanghaied.
Third, criminals, or thoso so-called by
their political opponents at home. Tho
first class had, as a rule, a contract for
a eortain number of years, after their
time of service was over the mules be-
camo farmers or artisans and tho fe-i  -  .™r.«.«,i-.w6iwpiiaij uwu
malos married  froe men.    As  to  the  made and there is moro that is going to
second class, let it bo undorsfood that J be_mado.   The workors havo grown in
ganized a union, later there were several typographical unions formed, principally in New Tork in 1776. Already
in 1774 the first national union was
formed, called, "The Federal Society
of Journeymen Cord winners." It was,
however, not until after the war of
1812 put an end to importations from
Oreat Britain and gavo a great stimulus to native American labor industry
that the seal history of tho American
labor movement begins.
A Golden Age?
This is brief is a history of labor in
the early days—in "the golden age."
Since then important progress lias been
kidnapping was by no means unusual
in thoso days. Young men and women
at the timo of Charles II. were easy
victims of the kidnapping organization
which also provided seamen for tho
navy and merchant marine. It has been
reportod that in the year 1670 alone,
over 10,000 persons wero forcibly
brought from England to Amorica. A
! single one of theso kidnappers brought
over in ono year 840 kidnapped persons
to the colonies, where they were sold
at auction as contract workors. Punishment for stealing people was very
light, ono case is of record whero a man
and a woman who stole a young girl
wero fined 12d— the theft of a loaf of
bread might havo been punished by
Ab to criminals, which composed no
inconsiderable part of the American
bondmen, it can bo said that at this
time it was common practice to punish
not only the actual but moro often apparent criminals and undesirables with
banishment from the country. Thc
transport of such served a double purpose it enabled England to get rid of
hor "bad actors" and agitators and at
the same time assured a sorely needed
supply of labor power to the colonios.
It has been estimated that during the
17th century not loss than 50,000 persons from Englnnd nnd Ireland were
legally banishod and transported to the
colonies. Let this be n reminder to
some of those who boast of their colonial ancestry—perhaps tlieir much brag-
god-of forefathers came over iu chnins.
This is by no means so much fo the
discredit of the fathers, who threw off
importance until the timo is now at
hand whon they are beginning to demand an equal share in the management of the affairs of their masters. If
they but use their politicul power unitedly in their own interests they can
absolutely dominate the entire political
and industrial situation. Certnin it is
that the changes of tho past will not
outshine thoso of tho future. . Let us
study the history of thc past s*> that
we may appreciate the conditions and
problems of the present and intelligently plan for the future.—-Young Peoples
Socialist Magazine.
Forbes ft Van Home
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Phone Seymour 3120
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FRIDAY August 80, IMS
Vancouver Night Schools
The Vancouver School Board will conduct their Night School classes
from October 1st, 1918, to March 31st, 1919, ln the following subjects:
Arithmetic, English composition, spelling and handwriting; French,
Spanish, commercial subjects; electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanics, advanced mechanical and steam engineering and advanced
machine construction and design, naval architecture, dressmaking, millinery, cooking, drawing and painting and music.
For particulars regarding enrollment, Dees, etc., apply to the undersigned, Director of Night Schools, corner Hamilton and Dunsmuir Streets,
any school day between 6 and 6 p.m., or on Saturdays b.etween 9 a.m.
and 12 m.
Vancouver, B. 0., August 30, 1918. W. K. BEECH,
Director of Night Schools
Enrollment takes place at the School Board Offices on September 27,
28 and 30, between 7.30 and 9.80 p.m.
Perfect Bicycles
Canadian Mado
Tho  Smoothest Sunning Bicycle
ou the markot. Price 848.00
Buy "Modo-in-Canada" GoodB."
Sole Agents for
and Celebrated Fierce Bicycles
Haskins and Elliott
412 HASTmOS ST. W.
'"Over the Top" Over Your Top
Try one of our latest Hats for Fall wear
$3.00—At one price—$3.00
Black & White
Hat Store
Canada Food Board Licence 10—1322
Harbor Shipping Company's Boats
Daily 10 a.m. and Saturday 2 p.m.
Delightful trip—20 miles perfectly Bmooth water.
Hire Baboons
Chester H. Eowcll, editor of the Fresno (Cal.) Republican, advisos eoolio
labor advocates to train baboons and
use them in production.
"If the ideal laborer," ho Bays, "is
merely a worker who obeys and works
like a machine, then let us get trained
baboons and keep them in cages and
feed them on grass.
"What  wo  want  hore,"  continued
the editor, "is men who will refuse to
work excopt under sanitary conditions
of living, who will leave when evor
thoy can do better some place else, and
will join a union as soon as they got
there. Wo want men who will compel
good housing conditions and demand
higher wagos."
Too many men like to stand around
and grunt while the other man lifts.
(Continued from page 6)
the world has ever produced—Jesus the
carpenter's son—and I must pass on.
When the world accepts his ideal, that
we should do unto others as we would
have others do to us, tho golden age
of which poetB have sung will dawn
upon earth. But that day is not yet.
Oar business and political life iB still
too largely dominated by the Chicago
version of the Golden Rule—do others
before they do you.
Do we need idealism todayf Before
you answer that question look at tho
mess at home and abroad into which
we have boen brought by materialism.
We have been governed by practical
mon. Wo have prided ourselves upon
our business administrations. We have
had little use for long-haired men and
short-haired women with their reforming fads and fancies. What was good
enough for.us and, also, it seems, what
waa bad enough for our fathers is bad
enough for us. Benjamin Franklin
said: "Experience ia a dear school
but fools will learn in no other." We
arc paying a big price for our education,
Cuhada is a young country and exploiters have found that getting control of her resources waB as easy aB
taking candy from a kid. Not that
I place the entiro blame upon the individual exploiters, they have simply
mado the most of their opportunities,
they have lived and acted according to
tho common ideal. The reason we have
millionaires and multi-millionaires iB
because we believed that the thing to
do waB to get money, honestly if we
could, but get money, anyhow.
We have established a gold standard
and men have lived up, or down, to
it. At one time men bowed to ancient
families. Jt was blood that counted.
Now we realize that "All the blood
of all the Howards cannot ennoble
knaves, and fools, and cowards." We
havo found out that, generally, the
best part of a family tree is under the
ground. We have set up a new standard. We no longer ask to what family a man belonga but, instead, we
aflk: "How much money has he got!"
Let a man be but rich and his crib
shall stand at the King's mess. "A
costly robo covered a multitude of
sins." "In the corrupted currents of
this world offences' gilded hand may
shove by Justice and oft 'tis seen the
wicked prize itself buys out the low.''
We have amended the eighth commandment so that it now reads: "Thou
shalt not steal—small things." If a
man steals a loaf of bread for his
starving children he is sent to jail. If
a man steals a railway, a coal mine, a
timber limit, a townsite, or ten thousand acres of agricultural   land,   we*
d him to parliament. He is the
stuff that knights are made of. The
almighty dollar ideal knew the dice
were loaded and the cards wero stacked but we tolerated that condition because some day we might be running
the game and taking the rake-off. Upton Sinclair waB once watching some of
the natives of Tincan playing poker.
Proaently he saw the doaler slip two
aces up hiB sleeve. He asked another
player if he had seen what tho dealer
did. "No," said the native, "What
did he do?" "Ho slipped two aces
up his sleeve," said Sinclair. "Well,"
drawled the native, "It waB his deal,
wasn't itf" That is the kind of morality which has parevailed in our business and political life. If a man could
make $13,000,000 by promoting a cement merger we pattod him on the
back, applauded his business sagacity,
and called him Baron. If a prime minister gave away to a private corpora-
Labor Will Celebrate
on Monday, September 2nd
S'      the onoi "T*2- IP
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Secretary Amalgamated Section U. B. Carpenters, Victorin, B. C, ono of tlio most
respected and earnest workers in tho Capital City, who was fnr many years an
active meinlicr of thi; Liiljor Tarty in
. Kiifliind.
tion $37,000,000 worth of railway that
had boon constructed by the govornment, $25,000,000 in cash, and 85,000,-
000 ncres of land, we acclaimed his
foresight nnd called him Sir Knight.
"When the Conservatives were in power
they squandered the public money and
the public land and the Liberals said:
"It's thoir deal." When the Liberals were in power they dealt five aces
to their influential friends.
Our foreign policy has been conducted on the same plane. We have
believed that all foreigners were foes
and thnt Canada could livo unto herself nlone. We wanted no truck or
trade with the Yankees or anyone else.
Wo have rejoiced in the policy of protection and, in spite of its demonstrated fallacy, we rejoice in it yet.
What puzzles me is why in the face of
obvious object lessons we refuse to
learn. The protectionist ideal is that
the country is strongest which is most
nearly self-sustaining—that produces
nil the goods it consumes and consumes
nil the goods it produces. The British
navy is forcing that ideal upon Germany to tho limit of its power. We all
know that this is done with the object
of hurting Germany. What I want to
nsk is: "Why do we recognize that we
are hurting the enemy by preventing
goods from going into his country by a
battleship blockade and yet think that
we are helping ourselves by preventing
goods from coming into our own country by means of a tariff blockade*"
We hnve a lot to learn yet. Some day
we shall find out that tariff wars are
but the preliminaries to military conflicts:
"Were half the power that 1111b the
world with terror,
Were half the weulth beatowed on
camps and courts,
Given to redeem the human mind from
There were no need of arsenals and
f ortB.''
Bo we need realism now? The answer is in tho affirmative. What ideals
do we need? Justice, Liberty and Love.
Justice means a squnrc deal for all;
equal sacrifices and equal rewards; the
Golden Rulo aud Canada for the common people. It means that the sacrifice
of life which is now being mado by tho
manhood of thc nation must in somo
measure be matched by tho sacrifico of
weulth. While men's lives are being
conscripted to win the war, it is unjust
that money, also needed to win tho war,
should be borrowed by the government
at high rates of intereat, und millions
of aeres of land, ahould be allowed to
lie idle in the hands of speculators.
Justice demands that money and mud
shall not be more highly regarded than
human life. The government is taking
the men it needs. It ought to take the
money and the land it needs—but it
does not. The government has taken
drastic steps to prevent the hoarding of
flour. It should tako more drastic Bteps
to prevent the hoarding of money and
My blood boils when I think that returned soldiers, who have defended all
the land in Canada, are offered as their
share of it the leavings of tho land
grabbers. There should be no talk of
settling returned soldiers in the backwoods or on the far horizon while millions of acres of fertile land, near railways and centres of population, are
producing but gophers and weeds, nnd
unearned increment. But practical politicians say these rich lands woro given
away by our ancestors und tho contracts they havo made muat bo respected. My answer is: "You, by order-in-
council, have cancelled the titles of
certain young men to life. If you have
the will you huve tho power to, nlso,
cancel the titles of certain men to land
by order-in-council. If you will not do
that you might at lenst so levy your
tnxes that they will fall more lightly
upon tho necessities of life and more
heavily upon vacant lands. Tho policy
uf tnxntion now in vogue makes both
lund and food ohenper." Which is the
better I leave to your judgment.
Again in this mutter of pensions,
equul sacrifice should bring equal reward. Life is j.tst as dear to the pri-
viilo ns it is to tho colonel and both nre
entitled to pensions which will ussure
them n full sluiro of the comforts of
lifo. "The colonel's lady nnd Sarah
O'Grady nre sistors under tho skin,"
uud each ia entitled to equal considcru-
tion in the matter of separation allowances nud pensions.
Justice demands that monoy shall be
tnken to pay for tho war aa it iB needed. Instend of taxing excesB profits thc
government should say: "There shnll
be no profits during tho war." Thc
men who go overseas will think themselves lucky if they return in as good
physical condition as they went. That
admitted, and surely no one will have
the hardihood lo deny it, it follows
thnt no mnn hus any right to become
rich by reason "of tho war. We ought
to think ourselves fortunate if nt thc
end of the wnr we are in as good financinl position as wc were nt the beginning of the wnr. Tho soldior sacrifices
himself. Justice demands that the
men who have money should snerifico
thoir pelf. We should urge with all our
might that we ought to pay for tho war
as we go nnd not pile up n big debt for
those who come bnck from tho fields of
Plunders to help to puy. Justico decrees thut those who do the work of
the world should enjoy the wealth thoy
produce and that there should be an end
to nil the privileges by which the few
exploit tho mnny.
" 'Tis coming!   Yes, 'tis coming!
The time when everywhere,
All men of life's rich blessings,
Shall have nn equal share.
When from the weuk and lowly
Oppression's yoke shall fall,
And freedom—blessed freedom-
Be given unto all."
The handwriting is on the wall. Some
of the beneficiaries of the present system can see it. Charles M. Schwab,
president of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, recently said: "We are facing another social situation which we
should be keenly alive .to, a situation
which Ib going to came at the close of
the war, a 'social renaissance' of the
whole world. Call if socialism, social
revolution, Bolshevism, or what you
will, it ia a levelling process, and means
that the workman without property, who
labors with Mb hands, is going to be the
man who will dominate the world. It
is going to be a great hardship to the
owners of property, but like all revolutionary movements it will probably
work good. The sooner we realize thiB,
the better it will be for America."
And, may we add, Canada too.
Wo can hasten the coming of tho
new and better day by getting high
conceptions of Justice, Liberty and
Love, and living up to them. As Henry
George says: "We honor Liborty in
name and in form. Wo set up hor statues and sound her praises. But we
havo not fully trusted hor. And with
our growth ao grow her demands. She
will have no half Bervice."
Liborty! ty iB a word to conjuro with,
not to vox the ear in empty boaatings.
For liborty means justice and justice is
thc natural law—the law of health and
symmetry and strength, of fraternity
and co-operation.
They who look upon liberty aB having
accomplished her mission when she haB
abolished hereditary privileges and
given men the ballot, who think of hor
as having no further relations to the
everyday affairs of life, have not aeon
her real grandeur—to them the poets
who have sung of her must seom rhap*
sodists, and her martyrs fools. Ab the
sun is the lord of life, as well as of
light; as his beams not merely piece the
clouds, but support all growth, supply
all motion, and call forth from what
would otherwise be a cold and inert
mass, all the infinite diversities of being and beauty, so^ia liborty to mankind. It is not for an abstraction that
men have toiled and died; that in every
age witnesses of liberty have stood
forth, and martyrs of liberty have suffered.
Only in broken beams and partial
light haB the sun of liberty yet beamed
among men, but all progress hath she
called forth.
Liborty came to a race of slaves
crouching under Egyptian whips, and
led them forth from the house of bondage. She hardened thom in the desert
and made them a race of conquerors.
Tho free spirit of the Moaaic law took
their thinkers up to heights where they
beheld tho unity of God, and'inBpircd
their poets with strains that yet phrase
the highest exaltations of thought. Liborty dawned on the Phonecian coast,
and ships passed tho Pillars of Hercules
to plow the unknown sens. She shod a
partial light on Greece, and marble
grew to shapes of ideal beauty, words
became the instruments of subtlest
thought, and against the scanty militia
of the free cities the countless hosts of
the Great King broke like surges
against a rock. Sho eaBt her beams on
thc four-acre farms of Italian husbandmen ,and born of her atrcngth a power
camo forth that conquered tho world.
They glinted from the shields of German warriors and Augustus wept for
his legions. Out of the night that followed her eclipae, hor alanting rays foil
again on froe citica, and a ToBt learning revived, modern civilization bogan,
a now world waa unveiled; and aa liberty grow so grew art, wealth, power,
knowledgment nnd refinement. In the
history of evory nation wo may read
Conserve Wheat
Eat Bread containing substitutes
The best is madd with
Fleischmann's Yeast
The Alaska B. C. Bedding Co.
There's a "Club Spirit" Amongst Ford Owners
Ford owners recognize in each other the kind of people who believe
in getting good valuo for their money. They like to lend each other
a helping hand whenever it's needed. The wonderfully efficient car they
mutually drive and admire gives them a common bond of fellowship.
They know they'll like each othor, in advanco, because their judgment of
automobile value has made thom both Ford owners.
Provincial Agents
We Issue a Special Policy Covering Sickness
the aame truth. It was the strength
born of Magna Charta that won Crecy
and Agincourt. It waa the revival of
liborty from the despotism of the Tu-
dora that glorified tho Elizabethan age.
It was the spirit that brought a crowned tyrant to tho block that planted the
seed of a mighty tree. It was tho en-
orgy of ancient freodom that, the momont it had gained unity, made Spain
tho mightiest power of the world, only
to fall to tho lowest depths of weakness
when tyranny succeeded liborty. See,
in Franco all intollectunl vigor dying
under the tyranny of the seventeenth
century to rovivo in splendor as liberty
awoko hi the oighteonth, and on the
enfranchisement of Fronch peasants in
tho Groat Revolution basing the wonderful strength that hns in our timo de
fied defeat.
Shall we not trust her?
In our timo, as in times beforo, creep
on the insidious forces that, producing
inequality, dostroy liborty. On the horizon tho clouds begin to lower. Liberty
calls to ub again. We muat follow her
further, we must trust hor fully. It is
not enough that they should vote; it is
not enough that they Bhould be theoretically equal before the law. They must
have liborty to avail themselves of the
opportunities and moans of lifo; they
must stand on equal terms with reference to tho bounty of nature. Either
this, or liberty withdraws her light.
Either thiB, or darkneBB comes on, and
tho very forces that progress has evolved turn to powers that work destruc-
(Continued on page 11)
Store opens at 9 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
A Splendid Assortment of
Womens New Fall Coats
at $35.00
THESE  garments show an unusual
amount of good practical style and are
developed in materials that indicate excellent service.
If seeking Coats of moderate cost these
models will merit your favor:
Coat of tan cheviot is made in a novelty belted
style, has large convertible collar, slipper pockets
and is fancy button trimmed, $35.00. Also
same style in navy.
Coat of Burgundy chinchilla is made with double
belt at back and single belt in front, has slit
pockets, convertible collar and is finished with
black plush, covered buttons, $35.00.
Coat of cheviot in magenta shade, comes in belted
style, has large patch pockets, black plush convertible collar and is finished with large plush-
covercd buttons, $35.00.
Other noteworthy styles in various materials are
available in this new $35.00 assortment.
575 Granville
Phone Seymour 3540 FBIDAT..
..August 30, 1918
On Labor Day-
Horseshoe Bay
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
will augment the daily tervice with two steam trains to this
popular holiday resort
Passenger Train Schedule for Sundays and Labor Day:
Leaving North Vueoum
for Whyteeliff (Horaelhoe Bfty)
8:40 a. m.
12:30 p. m.
8:30 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
For further particulars, phone Sjeymour 9547.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
404 Welton Building
Botumlag from
9:25 a.m.
12:25 p. m.
Terminal City Iron Works
Consolidated Motor Co. Ltd.
"Dependable Service"
For Motorcycles, Bicycles and Repairs, try the
; and CYCLE CO.
812 and 827 Hastings Street West
Terms arranged and satisfaction guaranteed.
Phone Seymour 1472
Fetters Must Be Removed
From Necks of Our
Speaking at the annual co-operative
congress, held at Liverpool, England,
a rousing apeech was delivered by E.
Bevin, who brought greetings from the
Trades Union Congress.
"He took it for granted that this
year would be one of the greatest import to both the co-operative body and
the trade union body. Whatever their
paths have been in the past, they were
now converging. The stern necessity
brought about by the great European
tragedy had compelled the labor movement to close up its ranks and view
the whole of our industrial and civic
life from a new point of view. The
state had come into the whole of their
social and industrial existence, and the
great question for the labor movement
—in which he included the co-operative movement—was "What shall be
our attitude to these great productive
and distributive agencies which the
war has brought into existence* He
urged that the labor and co-operative
forces should never allow these great
concerns to be handed back to the control of private capitalism, which had
failed the nation in its time of need.
The propaganda of the labor movement
—if these were blended—would direct the State so that the fetters of
the past would be removed from the
necks of tho children. He often wondered what the founders of both of
these movements would have thought
if they could have seen that great conference at the Westminster HaU, and
seen the Prime Minister compelled to
announce the war aims of the country
to labor first for labor's judgment.
When this great tragedy eame to be
cleared up, the force behind a leaguo
of nations would not be armies and
polico, but a guaranteed force like the
co-operative movement and the labor
Of Interest To You
We buy direct from the manufacturers, saving you
the middlemen's profits.
Let us show you our goods.
18 and 20 Cordova Street West, and 444 Main Street
I've builded your ships and your railroads,
I've worked in your factories  and
I 've builded the roads you ride on,
I've crushed the ripe grape for your
I 've worked late at night on your garments,
I gathered the grain for your bread,
I built tho fine house that you live in,
I printed the books you have read.
I've linked two great oceans together,
I've spanned your rivers with steel,
I built your towering skyscrapers,
And also your automobile.
I've gone out to wrecked ships in the
When the storm loudly cried for its
I've     guarded     your     home    from
I have turned the night into day.
Wherever there's progress you'll find
Without me the world could not live;
And yet you would seek to destroy me
With the meager pittance you give.)
Today you may grind me in slavery,
You may dictate to   me   from   the
But tomorrow I throw off my fetters,
And am ready to claim what I own.
I am master of field and of factory,
I am mighty and ycu are but few;
No longer I'll bow in submission,
I am Labor and ask for my due.
—Budd MeHilHps.
Freedom and Persecution
It is not a disgrace to have been in
prison. The bird of freedom has always been a jail-bird. In all great
crises the place to look for the redeemers of the race is not in the palaces of religion or the palaces of justice, but in the prison cells or ou the
road thereto. Moses had to flee from
the Egyptians. Socrates died in a cell.
Christ was made a convict because he
was a friend of the people, and was
crucified as the first preacher of democracy. Washington and Jefferson
had so much contempt of court that
they would have been hanged if they
could have been caught. In tho history of progress tyranny has always*
beon the turnkey, liborty always tho
Secretary   of   the   Federated   Labor   Party.
Arbeitcr Zeitung (Vienna Socialist.)
In 1890 Friedrich Engels foretold
what has now taken placo.
"When the citadels of reaction fall
into tho hands of the revolution the reactionary powers of Europe will be
thrown upon their own resources. They
would bo then—what irony of history
—in tho position to march into Russia.''
They have marched in. Their position
has not so far restored Tsarism, but
it has effected more: the complete disintegration, the dismemberment of the
empiro which was the "Reserve army
of European reaction" as long as it
waB ruled by the Tsar, and which
it could have become again bad the
counter-revolution been' victorious over
the revolution.   (Three lines censored.)
(Continued from page 10)
Sixty yoars havo pnBBed since Australia adopted tho oight-hour day—April
21, 1856, was the day. In Australia it
is celobratod now as a kind of Fourth
of July—a day of national freedom and
OUB FACILITIES for producing Al Commercial and
Society printing enable us to
guarantee superior workmanship,
quality and quantity in anything
we handle.
Our work as a business getter
ranks as thc highest.
This is why wc have such
remarkable success in pleasing
our many customers and patrons.
Wc  print  two   weekly  publications
having the largest circulation of nny
weat  of  Winnipeg,  ns  woll  ns other
" periodicals nnd  books, brochures nnd
The Fcdorutionist iB produced entirely in our up-to-date plant.
No jobs too smnll or too largo for ua
to do,
403 Dunsmuir Street -        -        -        Vancouver, B. C.
Phone Sey. 4490
tion. This is the universal law. This
is the lesson of the centuries. Unless
its foundations be laid in justice, the
social structure cannot stand."
Any attempt on my part to add to
Henry George's apothesis of liberty
would bo but an attempt to "gild the
lily or perfume the rose."
Lastly, we must remain true to the
ideal of love. This is a hard doctrine
to preach in a world of hate but all the
great teachers of thc world have seen
that tho only possiblo basis, of permanent poace is tho establishment in lovo
of the brotherhood of man. Christ
taught it and thoso who are true to the
ideals of Christ still teach it. Above
the roar of shot and shell; above the
shrieks of the wounded and the groans
of tho dying; over the battlefields of
Europe floats a woman's voice. The
voice of a woman who nursed wounded
friend and wounded foe, who paid the
supreme penalty because she set the
captives free; a woman and a prophetess whose name is indelibly inscribed
upon the honor roll of history. Hear
and remember the words of Edith Ca-
veil: "But this I would say, standing
as I do now in view of God and eternity, I realize that patriotism is not
enough. I must have no hatred or bit-
ternoss toward anyone." That, in my
opinion, is tho noblest speech that has
been made during tho war. It should
be written in letters of gold upon evory
public building throughout the length
and breadth of Christendom. It contains tho germ of truth that will yet
save the world. The late Earl Groy,
ono time governor-general of Canndn.
saw the same truth. According to Harold Begbie, who was commissioned by
Earl Grey to convoy his dying message
to mankind, from his death-bed Grey
spoke these pregnant sentences: "Tou
know the idea of those words—Ho being dead, yet speakethf A voice from
the grave often gets a hearing. That's
what I'm aftor. I want you to try to
make my voico sound from the grave*.
I want to Bay to people that there is a
real way out of all thia mess materialism has got them into. I've been trying to tell them for thirty yoars. It's
ChriBt's way. Mazzini saw it. We've
got to give up quarrelling. We've got
to come together. We've got to realize
that we're all members of tho Bame family. There's nothing that cnn help
humanity, I'm perfectly sure thero isn't
—perfectly sure—except love. Love is
the way out, and tho way up. That'a
my farewell to the world."
I might stop here but I want to aay
a word about translating our ideals into
action; weaving them into tho warp and
woof of our natiouul and international
life; that must be tlie work of the common peoplo. Wendell Phillips points
out: "No reform, moral or intclloctunl,
ever came from the upper classes of socioty. Each and nil came from thc protest of the martyr and the victim. Thc
emancipation of tlio working people
must be achieved by the working peoplo themBolves." If we will only get
together nnd be true to our ideuls,
which arc our better selves, wo shall
ronlizo in our time that beautiful vision painted by Robert G. Ingorsolli "I
shall seo a world where thrones hnve
crumbled and where kings uro dust;
the aristocracy of idlonOBB has perished
from tho earth. I seo a world without
H slave. Man nt last is free; nature's
fiirceH have by science boon enslaved.
Lightning und light, wind and wave,
frost and fire, and ull thc secret subtle
forcos of the earth nnd nir aro the tireless toilers for Ihe humun ruco. I soo
a world at penco, adorned with every
form of nrt, with music's myriad
voices thrilled, while lips are rich with
words of love and truth; n world when*
labor reaps ils full rewnrd, whoro
work ami worth go hnnd in hnnd;
where the poor girl trying lo win
broad with the needle, the needle that
hns been called 'The aap for thc breast
of the poor,' is not driven to tho desperate choice of crime or death, of suicide or shame.
"I see a world without tho beggars' outstretched palm, the miser's
heartless' stony glare, the piteous wail
of want, the vivid lips of lies, the
cruel eyes of scorn.
"I see u nice without disease of
flesh or brain, shapely and fair, the
married harmony of form and function, and us 1 look, life lengthens, joy
dccpoiiHj love canopies tho enrth, and
over ull in the groat dome shines the
eternal star of human hopo."
In 1014 the Labor Party of Porto
Rico polled 4lH)0 votes; in 1010 25.000
votes were cast for the party's candidates.
Battle of Cradles Against
Coffins, Says Well-known
British Paper
Under the caption "Cradles or Coffins!" the editor of Beynold's Newspapor, London, England, prints this stirring appeal against child labor:
, "An imperial race cannot be fostered
in Blums, nor can the strong arms and
Bound organs needed for our real advancement be developed on impure
milk, insufficient food in the years that
count, or childhood's days passed
among dirt and bad air. Two things
stand before us as immediate dutieB—
to teach the mothers and to help the
mothers, that we may decrease to some
extent infant mortality from the more
obviously preventible causes. But that
is only a tiny part of our task. What
we have to aim at is a state of things
in which the child of the worker will
have an equal chance with the child
of those parents whoao lot in life is
thrown among more pleasant plaees.
"No longer must there be ear given
to the theory that bad conditions are
in some way good, because they harden
the survivora. A /damnable doctrine,
and one that would excuse the abandonment of all attempts to ensure
healthy homes, regular and sufficient
food, and opportunities for the full
development of physical and mental
powors of all the people, no matter how
lowly may be their lot.
"It is not the unfit who are killed
off by ignorance, by carelessness, by neglect of those in power to set that decent conditions are provided. We do
not believe the national conscience
is yet sufficiently arouBed to the vital
need of the time; but the war haB
lighted a flame which we hope will
never bo put out.
"When the battles in France and
elsewhere are fought to their conclusion, there will still be one battle it
will take all our energy to win. It is
thc battle of cradles against coffins."
One of America's busiest munition
plants at Bristol, Conn., operated on a
twenty-four-hour schedule and turning
out contracts of great importance,
found that even the highest wages wero
not a sufficient anchor to hold its thousands of employees steadily to their
task. The workers drifted. They came,
kept it a while, and left—to go through
the same performance elsewhere. Then
the company decided that money was
not the remedy. They engaged a wolfare worker, who promptly condemned
thc made-over-night houses and put up
neat little dwellings, with modern conveniences. Ho organized a Mutual Aid
Society, and planned banquets, outinga,
and farewell dinners when one of the
workers enlisted. He took charge of
the rents of the whole village, and got
the men to save by means of Thrift
Stumps, He began a programme of
"complete renovation," and made war
on unsightly buildings, ash piles and
chicken coops out of place. He did not
badger the tenants, but Bent out polite
little notes saying that if the backyard
were not kept nqat, the company would
clear it up. Gardens flourished. A band
of 35 musicianH was assembled. He
mado all the workers welcome at his
own home, and was alwaya ready to
listen to their difficulties. As a result,
though of 33 nationalities,   thoy   are
Men! What
Do You Want?
If you want shoddy clothing, mis-fite
or suits badly tailored, don't come to this
store, because we have none of this kind
in stock.
"Correct Clothes"
are Guaranteed in Every
Suits at $15, $19, $23, $27, $30, $35 and $40
Overcoats at prices $15 to $50.
Raincoats at prices $10 to $27.
Pants at prices $5 to $10.
A liberal discount given to returned soldiers.
"Correct Clothes"
now  a  stable community,  no  longer |
floating with the tide of restlessness,
Education, good living, conditions,
health, morality, justice, physical and
mental vigor, individual and national
prosperity—these thinga go hand in
hand. Ignorance, poverty, disease, immorality, injustice, decrepit bodies and
feeble minds, individual and national
degeneracy—these, too, are invnriably
found together.    And the foes of tlio
human race, the enemies of the state
and of socioty, are those who, for private profit or class privilege, oppose
those reforms of our social organization
which would abolish poverty and ignorance, with all their attendant evils,
nnd restore th'* earth to those who inhabit it.
Anyway, half of the world knows
that the othor half is looking for the
host of it.
Heaven never helps the man who is
too lazy to hustle a little in his own
Your Life Is Wiiat
You Make It
BREAD—Good Bread
At your grocer or phone Fair. 3000 and our salesman will call PAGE TWELVE
PBIDAY Auguat 30, 1918
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WHEELING, W. VA.—Tho convention of newly-organized coal miners at
Fairmont, tills state, marks a new era
from tho days of Cabin Creek and machino guns.
The story is told by Walter Hilton,
editor of the Wheeling Majority, who
attended this notable gathering, and
wl§ writes to his paper frota Fairmont:
'' Something, genorally unexpected,
and wonderfully surprising, has hap-,
poned in Weat Virginia. Within two
months 14,000 mino workerB, after suffering years of serfdom—a serfdom
which kept them terrorized and helpless—have joined tho United Mine
Workera of America, held a delegate
convention, and stood up on their hind
legs like men—and drew up a wage
contract to present to their employers!
"Possibly thero nover was a convention just like the ono hold here in
Willard Hall. Even on occasions when
sudden increases in membership apparently swamp a convention, Btill there
is a leaven in tbo lump, a leaven of
veterans, the warriors of the old locals
that held the battle lino through the
darkest yoars, and it ia a leaven of
advice born of grim experience. But
here thero was not one old local, and
though thoro was, hero and there, a
man who had belonged to a union, perhaps, thoir numbor and experience was
not such as to factor in shaping and
fashioning this collective grouping of
14,000 mon, who had until thon been
kept in frightened individualism, and
who, for tho first time, could stand up,
uufraid, in the protection of numbers,
and givo voico to their sufferings and
their aspirations.
"They told of having beon hounded from mine to mine, and driven from
job after job whenever the spirit of
Aericanism flared faintly onough to induce them to speak one word that
sounded to their boss like unionism or
independence. One man with ten children, told of being discharged for accurately measuring a coal car and
truthfully stating the result; told of
being from independent jobs outside
the taine by the influenco of thc companies that frightened privato employers; told of selling his cow) when the
smallest children were crying for milk
—told of finally soiling the carpets
from thc floors. 'And if you ever triod
to raise ten children, with a job as insecure and a wage as low as mine has
been—if you ever had to sell your
cow, with tho youngsters begging you
not to—then you know what an experience that is,'
"Ignorant foreigners? This man has
several generations of American ancestry behind him, and was a school teacher beforo ho became a blacksmith.
'It is all nn old Btory to the readers of thc Labor press; the stories of
blacklisting, of browbeating, of company guardB, ' bulls,' of coal cars growing in height, and depth and breadth,
and Btill officially holding the samo old
amount of coal; of taen being denied
the privilege of going to the post office,
of unionism being stamped out, wherever it seemed to show, as ruthlessly
as the govornment stamps out treason
in these war times.
'' But the delegates felt that this was
all ovor. now, that it was a waste of
time to oven talk about it. It wns
enough to know that there was a now
deal, a new order of things, and that
tho old autocratic feudalism, the old
dictatorshop of the iron fist, was dead
and buried."
Secretary Victoria Trades and Labor Council, who will represent the Victoria Letter
Carriers at their convention nt Hnmilton, nnd the Central Body at Congress.
Telephone Sey. 4541
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The Dawning of Labor's Day
******     ******     ******     ******
With Economic Freedom
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
THE far-reaching effects of tho
war are manifest in every direction. Old ideas and BVBtems have
been found wanting and ruthlessly
thrown on the scrap-heap. New and
apparently "itapractlcal" methods
have been tried out and found to work.
Our cherished theories have had a bad
Bhaking up. But when theories do not
square with facts, theories must go.
When machinery, however scientifically
constructed, does not produco results,
it must be replaced by something that
"You can't altor the law of supply
and demand," but the law of supply
and demand has becu altered and unfortunately altered to thc advantage
of a small profiteering group. "The
interests of the workers in all countries are identical" and yet class-conscious Socialists under their national
fiages are at one another's throats.
"Thc Britisher will never surrender his
personal freedom," and yet ho meekly
submits to conscription and rationing
and censorship. The impossible has
taken place. Every institution lias been
affected—government has assumed new
functions, The press has gained a
position of marvellous—yes, sinister
power. The church has been transformed under our very eyes until followers of the meek and lowly Jesus are
valued propagandists of militarism and
imperialism. The schools have abandoned all pretentions to attaining a
scientifically dispassionate attitude or
cultivating a broad culture and sympathy and have become the instruments
of a narrow, jingoistic patriotism.
Labor has not been untouched. The
war has "speeded up" tendencies that
under normal conditions might have
taken a century for their full develop*
ment. Here lies Labor's responsibility—and opportunity. The old prewar formulae is inadequate—old
methods of warfare must be abandoned
-new alliancea must be made. Life is
not static. In the age of the airship
and the submarine, we must move rapidly if we would keep abrease of the
new developments.
The new Labor Party is an effort to
keep pace with changing conditions.
In tho old land emphasis is laid on the
broadening of the party to include all
who work by hand or by brain. Too
long, so-called "brain workers" have
been separated from "hand workers"
to tho disadvantage of both groups.
Undoubtedly many "brain workers"
havo assumed a superior and exclusive
attitude and on the other side,"hand
workers" have sometimes maintained
that they were the only producers. The
old artificial distinctions arc breaking
down. The modern surgeon, for example, truo to his name, is very decidedly
a hand worker and needs a mechanic's
skill, while on the other hand no onc
will deny that he is performing a useful function in the community. Oar
best medical men earnestJy look forward
to tho day when they can work for use
and not for profit, Thc new party
will bo opon to all who are performing
useful work in the community. Fundamentally tho social war is between the
producers and the parasites.
Then again aome of the old controversies are dying down. "Should wo
use the industrial or the political weapon?" We find answers using both to
good advantage. It is well to attack
the enemy on both fronts and Bome-
timcB a flank attack is more effective
than uny frontal attack. The organized
workers, on the other hand, have advo-
catod the big union. Now, in the most
natural way possible, the units of Organized Labor fall into line in a general striko.
Tho creed of tho Federated Labor
Party is remarkable not merely for
what it says but also for what it does
not say. There is no mention of "surplus value," of "materialistic interpretation of history," of "class-conscious
wage slaves" and the other well-worn
phrases so familiar to us all. The
Labor Party leaves the "scientific orthodox '' group and the revisionist
groups to tight out tlieir theories, but
tnkes the great underlying principle
stressed by Marx, viz,, thc collective
ownership and democratic control of
the means of wealth production. Men
may differ widely in theory and yet
unite to figlit a common foe.
In Canada wc are today facing the
practical proposition of mobilizing our
forces. Some of the old guard—the
heroes of a hundred fights—are inclined to stand pat. They are waiting for
something to happen.   They forget that
^something has already happened—and
that new things aro happening overy
day. When our ship runs aground and
we find it impossible for tho time being to make any advance, some still
under thc pre-war spirit sit back with
a sort of philosophic fatalism and wait
for the incoming tido. "Evolution
will do the trick. Wo arc getting
ahead of ourselves. Wait till the capitalistic system is moro fully developed.
After the war the workers will sure
get a jolt. Wo won't need to worry.
Things will settle themselves."
This is a vory comfortable sort of
doctrine and may help us to cxereiBe a
much needed patience. But unfortunately in human affairs things don't
settle themselves. If wo don't settle
them the other fellow does. Undoubtedly we are all swept forward by great
and irresistible economic and social
currents, but woo to the mariner who
fails to know something of the tides
and currents and to bo able to take
advantage of them instead of bucking
Evolution is not a blind mysterious
force. It is the resultant of a thousand minor forces, some constant, some
variable. Theae may be studied and
increasingly brought under control.
Man has evolved a seedless orange and
an edible cactus. He will yet evolve a
decent sort of civilization. Let us not
give up the idea of an arbitrary deity
to worship the blind god Evolution.
All of which simply means that we
must get away from formulae and get
down to facts. The light is on; how
line up the forces?
What is the present situation in Canada and what the outlook?
Canada is confessedly difficult to organize. Nationally she has not yet attained her independence. She is as it
were under the shadow of Great
Britain. English laws and precedents
are a determining influence in Canadian affairs. The people in Canada
may be ripe for municipal ownership,
but may be balked by a decision of
the Privy Council. On the other hand
Canada is commercially and industrially tied up to her big neighbor to tho
South. Labor must in self-defence organize internationally, but then, when
political events demand industrial action, international agreements bar the
way. It would be difficult to bring on
a general strike on, say, conscription,
with Mr. Gompers at the head of the
A. F. of L.
Further, the population of Canada is
scattered over a vast territory. Industrial centres are few and far between. Provincial boundaries separate
the people into moro or less water-tight
compartments. ThiB condition is rendered more complicated by the heterogenous character of tho population.
What Bympathy has the French Canadian habitant with the trades unionist
of Toronto; the miners in Sydney with
the fishermen of B. C, or even tho
prairie farmers with tho fruit growers of the Okanagan! No sooner is an
industry organized than European foreigners or Orientals are introduced and
tho organization slows up. Possibly
this is onc reason why Australia and
New Zealand seem so far ahead of us.
But if Labor is to be victorious—or,
rather, victorious in the near future—
the variouB groups of workers must in
some way be drawn together. Capitalism as represented by the big interests is well organized and powerful.
Unorganized guerilla warfare will
never succeed. In thiB caso as in so
many others we mubt hang togother—
or hang separately!
Let us review the forces in the field.
Who are our allies? Can we use those
who are deserting the enemy's camp?
Those whose social theories are based
on conditions existing in Europe are
apt to assume that wo have in Canada the snme classes as in the old country. Ab a matter of face wo havo no
aristocracy and hence no true bourgeois
clnsB. Our farmers, though not peasants, are not landlords. Up to recently
there has been a eonBtant passing from
one clnss to another.
"Oh, cut it Oiit!" impatiently exclaims one of our scientific cotnrndes,
"There are only two classes—capitalists and wnge slavos." So, the old-
time evangelist classified all men as
saints or sinners. Unfortunately thero
wero a good many who were hard to
place and some got into tho wrong
pew! Even though fundamentally
there may be only two classes, our
scientific friends must permit us to
group people as wo find them.
First of all there are the industrial
Tho outlawed I. W. W. has an exasperating way of handing ua a sensational jolt when leaBt expected. One of the
chief agitators of the '' wobblies''
made the claim in Chicago that the
cable from Franco announcing that the
former lumberjacks who last week literally waded through the Gorman forces
near Soissons failed to state that many
of them were I. W. W.'s and many
taore aro at the war front or engaged
in the industrial end of the service, as
for example: Ned Williams, 45, Baltimore negro, was called to testify in the
I. W. W. trial at Chicago. Williams
came attired in military uniform. He
explained at the outset that he waB employed by the quartermaster's department and was a stevedore under contract with the war department. Pinned
on his khaki shirt waB an I. W. W.
button. "Are you a member of the I.
W. W.t" asked Attorney Vandorveer.
1' Yes, sir, and bo 'b my wife." " Have
you been to France?" he was aBked.
"YeB, I have been there and back
again, and I wore this I. W. W. button
all the time I waB in France, too.
"What was your employment, Williams?" "Working in the quartermaster's department, United States army,
sir." "How long have you been in
that employment!" "Since June 8,
1917." "Were you drafted!" "No,
sir, I enlisted for this work. I am a
sergeant now." "How many mon are
thore in your gang employed at this
work of loading ships with muunitions
of war?" "Seventy-four." "How
many are membors of the I. W. W.?
'' Seventy-four.' '—Cleveland Citizen.
workers—the distinctive product of
capitalism and the class that feels most
directly tho evils of the system. Little
need bo said about this group. They
are trying out their strength. The buc-
ceBS of the Winnipeg strike is significant of the growing solidarity and power of Labor. Labor is getting Ub second wind.
But in Canada, at lenst, Labor would
have a poor chanco of a speedy victory
if sho stood alone. Fortunately allies
are coming to tho rescue. The returned soldiers are a group thut must be
reckoned with. They have a special
class-consciousnoBS. Drawn largely from
the ranks of labor, disillusioned and
broadened by their experienced at the
front—and on their return—the veterans are not going to settle down into
tho old ruts. "We haven't fought the
Hun in Europe to be trampled on by
the Hun in Canada. If we risked our
lives for our country, we intend to
have our share of it." Such are the
sentiments that are being expressed
with increasing determination. "Wait
till the boys get back'' is the message
of tho returned meu.
Thc farmers form » third group.
'' They 're hopeless,'' tho industrial
workor declares in disgust. "They're
not class-conscious. They think they're
capitalists and not wage slaves. They
exploit their hired men worse than the
big bosses. They really belong to thc
Not so fast! Tht. mischief is that
the city worker doesn't understand the
position of tho farmer any moro than
the farmer understands thc position of
the city worker. They speak a different language. They have a different
mentality. Thoy run up against the
capitalist system from a different
angle. But fundamentally tho interests of the farmer and thc individual
worker uro one. They will come to
recognize this most clearly as they find
themselves fighting a common foo, Thc
farmer, liko tho minor, the factory
worker or tho logger, is a producor. It
is true that he is not a wage earner
but, us tho trcck from country to city
shows, he is not economically as woll
off as the wage earner. Nominally, ho
owns the tools of production; in reality, he is anything but independent.
The mortgage company often owns the
land, the banks, tho manufacturers and
the railroads have the farmers at their
mercy. The costs of production and
the prices of his product are fixed by
forces over which he has no control.
Under such conditions the old individualism is breaking down and the farmer is organizing industrially and politically.
Let mo give the programme of the
Non-Partisan League of Alberta:
1. Democratization of Politics—(a)
Direct legislation in federal   politics;
(b) proportional representation; (c)
woman's suffrage; (d) the abolition of
the senate; (o) abolition of the patronage evil.
"I. Democratization of industry—(a)
Nationalization of the means of transportation and communication; (b) nationalization of industries sufficiently
centralized to be operative; (c) securing the land for the people.
3. Taxation—(a) Direct tax on land
values; (b) graduated inheritance tax;
(c) graduated incomo tax.
4. Social Reforms—(a) Tho abolition of the manufacturing of intoxicating liquors; (b) abolition of official
charity, substituting national compulsory insurance, covering accidents,
sickness and nge and death; (c) all patriotic funds assumed by the State.
Surely the farmers must have been
studying tho programme of the British
Labor Party! Remember that in Russia
the government is a coalition of workers, peasants and soldierB.
Thore remain two other groups—little business und big business. Of
course, these aro regarded as "the
enemy." But no true Socialist blames
the individual; he fights the system.
Now the system has developed so far
that tho little business group are almost as much the victims of the system as the industrial workers. Many
men in this group are beginning to
realize it. Many are being squeezed
out. For others, conditions are becoming so intolerable that they are ready
to deBcrt. When a storekeeper can get
only bo much goods and at such a price
and must Bell only so much on a fixed
margin, he is little better than a
"wage slave." Ho iB becoming suspicious of the system. He 'can't say
much, but hiB vote will count. Give
him a placo in the ranks. Perhaps firBt,
as in Russia, try out hiB good faith!
There remains the big business group
■the finest flower of the system! This
little group will fight to tho laBt ditch.
They are so firmly entrenched—government, military, law, church, press,
Bchools—that thoy can stand off for
some timo thc allied forces of Labor.
But morale is us essential ub force, so
the military men tell us—and big business is losing its morale. The statements of Schwab and Babcock have
more than passing significance. Tho
more far-seeing among tho financiers
begin to "sec their finish." Surely
the end is almost in sight when big
business confesses that "the workman
without proporty who labors with his
hands is going to be the man who will
dominate the world." The new day
is dawning—Labor's day.
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Vancouver    and . Toronto
Riots Have Similar Start;
Say Veterans
Workers and Soldiers Must
•Pull Together for New
Social Order
If there nro vory mnny peoplo left
who imagine that it will bo possible to
divide politically the forces of Labor
by trying to make it appear that the
returned soldier is in an opposing camp,
then they must havo been considerably
jarred by the big meeting which listened to Private T. A. Barnard, of New
Westminster at thc Rex theatro on Sun-
day laat.
Tho chairman, Sergt.-Major James
Robinson, D. C. M., made it clear where
his sympathies lay, and joined with
the speaker in pointing out the serious
situation wliich lay ahead of the governmont when demobilization had to be
faced. He (the chairman) noted that
somo one said Labor should set its
houBC in order, bat that wns what the
govornment was also onlled upon to do,
and tlieir fulfilment oi promises up to
the present was very unsatisfactory.
Ho had been pleased to assist the sol-
dior-Lubor candidate, W. Varley in tho
recent Toronto by-election, as had ulso
Barnard ami Giolma, because he believed that the combined pressure of
the workers and the returned men pulling together could eliminate much of
the trouble which was surely ponding.
The cause of democracy mast be advanced, nnd they must unite for the
pulling down of autocracy.
Refused to Be Muzzled
Comrade Barnard's subject wus:
"Why I Am Still Fighting," and he
expressed the opinion that there was
just us big a job ahead fighting the
Hun at homo as there had been and
still was of fighting the Hun abroad.
Ho was glad to have the congonial company of the chairman on the platform
of the Federated Labor Party, as be
had it in Toronto on the platform of
the Ontario section of the Labor Party.
Apparently so far as they wero concerned, everything worth whilo had to'
bo fought for. Personally, he refused
to accept the position that after having
been to France to fight, thut he should
be muzzled on his return.
Flag Must Be Elastic
Ho did not wish to be misunderstood.
Ab a returned soldier he hud that viewpoint, nnd htul no apologies to make
for it, and he would be guilty of nothing that would hinder the bringing
about of n successful peace. Referring
to the peculiarity of the British constitution, ho declared hiB belief that their
flag was the best, as it eould be mude
to stretch, "just whenever you and me
want it." They must uso every endeavor, however, to sec that tho ling
did not lose this elasticity, and he considered thnt the Federated Labor Party
and similar organizations were the best
assurances that the men who had died,
and thoso who were fighting could have
that democracy would be maintained.
There* might be differences of opinion due to varying experiences for the
most pnrt, but on fundamentals, there
w^uld bc found no difference between
the soldier and tho other workers.   Personally, he could not ondorso tho recent
I strike, uur any reason thnt hnd so far
i been given for it, but he wished it to
be clear that he was jnst as strongly
opposed to the mob law tbnt had been
evidenced on the other side.   Mob law
, always defeated tho object they had in
i view, and that  was improvement  by
f constitutional means.
Everybody Must Do Some
Useful Work-No Mad
RushJ^l Money
?, Text Books
Who Planned the "Riots"
This led him to refer to tho Toronto
riots, and to muke the most emphatic
statement thnt in his opinion thc same
interests had boon seeking service i"
both cases. He hud investigated for
himself in Toronto—in tlie hospitals
and elsewhere—ns to the cause of tho
riots there, nnd he wns firmly convinced
that they had been doliborntely planned and manipulated by the politicul
opponents of Varley nnd the Labor-Sol-
dior candidate, Ho felt thnt there was
a truo parallel between the case in To
Speaking in thfi^ittish Rite Auditorium, Oakland, 0;-§- recently, General
Zogg, lute governi JJ'f New Mexico,
suid: "In Zupatalir^vhore throe million people havo HwPlor seven yoars,
there arc no dollars, and so nobody
scrambles for monoy. They do not have
the eight-hour day, as we do in thiB
'lund of the free,' but they have
maximum three-hour day. Everybody
does useful, productive work, and those
who nre not willing to do this are invited to move to some of the 'infidel'
countries, ub the missionary from Zapa-
tnlaiid put it.
No paid priests preach in the country
Zogg hales from. 'If a man wishes to
preach any kind of a god, he is perfectly free to do so, but he must do usoful
work us well." Therefore, not so many
feel tho "call" to do public moralizing.
"We think professional morality ia not
the higheBt type of morality," said
Zogg, "just ns wo believe thnt professional democracy is not the highest democracy. We used to huve gods of our
own, 400 yenrs ago; nnd afterwards we
hnd Churchianity; but none of the gods
treated us very well, Now wo get along
very nicely without thom. We have
plenty to eat nnd to wear; and gee-
gaws, such as gold rings, arc to be had
for the asking—the consequence being
that nobody cares for them.
"When a man and a woman want to
ranrry, they simply go to tho school-
house, declare that they intend to livo
with one another, and to bring children
into thc world, and will teach their
children not to exploit. That is all there
ia to it. If they wish to separate later,
thoy go to thc schoolhouso and make a
public declaration to that offect, and
that is all there is to the divorce proceedings. With you, a man and woman
who have been together for twenty
years—maybe quarrelling nil of those
years—go beforo some stranger, nnd in
twenty minutes he knows more about
their affairs thun they have been ablo
to find out during all the time they
hnvo been with piich other.
"About the prohibition question.
When we hnd to work 14 or 10 hours n
duy, I did not blame a mun if he went
out und got drunk. Now we do not
forbid n man to mnko liquor, but we
say to him, if you want to muke it,
you must do so after you aro through
your daily task. Mon do not want to
manufacture liquor for fun, and with
ns there is no money in it now, so, of
nurse, it is not made in any large j
nmount. Just let people bo prosperous,
and make it necessary for n man to
manufacture his own boozo if ho wants
it, and you will be surprised how little
of it you are going to hnve iu th
General Zogg, his audience guthercd,
did not consider it a sin to hold up a
train on thc way to Mexico City, and
take enough for the people's needs.
"We do not call it stealing," suid
Zogg. "For four hundred years, we
were exploited under your 'civilization,' We think wo hnve u right to
tnke bnck what we require, nnd we arc
not demanding interest either."
Textbooks in the schools hnve changed, under Zapata's government. They
used to nbound in compliments to Diaz.
Now they contnin such sentiments us:
"Why shoiild n mnn work for another
mun, und give him tho greater part of
whnt he makes?" "Give mo liberty,
or give me denth." "They are slaves,
who dare not be in the right with two
or three." "The world is my country;
Jo good is my religion."
Workers Are Stm Going Ahead Wltb
Work of Organization—Join Warehousemen's Union
The discrimination recently practised
by the B. C. Sugar Refinery hns hnd
thc effoct of giving impetus to the desire of tho workers of thnt establishment to organize. It seems to have
suddenly dawned upon the workers
that whon the employer attempts to deny tho worker the right to organize
that there must bo some good—for the
worker—in organizntion. The deBire
to organize is sufficient proof thnt the
conditions undor which the men and
women toil are not such as will tend to
make the life, health and happinosB of
the workera of aa high a standard as
Bhould exist in a democratic country.
Tho sugar refinery workerB have organized in spite of the discrimination
and thoy are now being absorbed into
tho Warehousemen^ Union. Mr. Bul-
gar has been appointed by the government to investigate the charges of discrimination practised by the B. O.
Sugar Refinery in discharging threo
men for joining a union.
Recognition of Guild Conceded, Other Points
Being Considered
The tie-up of the coastwise and lake
shipping is now a thing of the post, ns
a result of the continuation of negotiations, and after Mr. Burns, chairman of
the Royal Commission appointed to investigate tho conditions under which
the masters and mutes are working, accompanied by Mr. J. H. McVety, representative of thc men on the commission, had placed tho matter before tho
memberB of the Guild at Victoria on
Tuesday evening.
The  resolution  carried  by  Victoria
"Whereaa, assurances have been received from Sir Robert Borden, prime
minister, and also from the Royal Commission, that recognition of the Canadian Merchant Service Guild, on the
basis of the Imperial Merchant Service
Guild, will be given by the employers,
and that a fair and--satisfactory adjustment of wages and working conditions
will be given promptly.
"Resolved that we, the Victoria
members  of  the  Canadian   Merchants
Curious and Questionable Happenings
Are Cropping Up Around tbe
Many curious things ure happening
these days in the shipyards around
Vancouver. Over a thousand men hitvc
been laid off in one yard this weok.
Cunning attempts to cause disruptions
botwoen various" eraftB crop up from
time to time. News is being spread
around to the effect that if the companies are forced to pay higher wngeB
that they will not be able to get any
more contracts or All those they have.
All thiB can only mean one thing, and
that is that the companies are looking
for a way to squeeze out of paying the
new wago that iB being demanded, and]
every worker should make up hia mind
to stand by the demands now being
made upon the firms. There is a big
scarcity of shipyard labor in the
United States and this will have a tendency to aid the workers on thia side
of the line in their demands, providing
they stand solidly together. Every
Seattle union has endorsed the dollar
nn hour scale and there is nothing to
hinder thom getting it, except a split
in thoir ranks. This being the case it
is essential that Vancouver union men
should pat up a solid front to the employors, not only for the purpose of
gaining the demands but in order that
no impediment is placod in the way of
those ncross the line.
Many Speakers, Plenty of Sports and
a Big Dance Hall for AU tbe
The first annua] picnic of the Nanaimo branch of the Federated Labor
party will be held Monday, September
2. It is hoped to make this the biggest
affair held in Nanaimo for many yearB.
There will bo sports hold in Comox
Road Park and everybody, young and
old, will be given an hearty invitation
to join in them. During the afternoon
many of labor'b prominent speakers will address the merrymakers, and
it iB hoped that you will do your part
in bringing along some friend to hear
the inspiring addresses. Among tho
speakers will be J. H. Hawthornthwaite, M.P.P.; Pte. F. Giolma, M.P.P.;
R. P. Pettipiece, Dave Rees and Pto.*
T. A. Barnard. All the picnickers who
can dance are invited to attend tho
big collection dance which will be held
in the Dominion Hall in the evening.
Vancouverites wishing to make the
trip hud better inquire about boat service, as wc are informed that the winter schedule goes into effect Sunday,
which changes the time previously announced.
B. C. Federation of Labor
Drafts Scheme for training Returned Men
Fred Knowles at Hamilton Convention
on Saturday Night to Attend
A special meeting of Branch No. 12,
F. A. L. C, was held on Tueaday to
hoar the reports of the delegates who
attended the conference and tho sittings of the Civil Service Commissioner
at Winnipeg, held on August 20 and 21.
In the absence of President Knowles,
Bro. J. A. McConaghy, delegato from
the Postal ClerkB Association, gave an
interesting report of the matters undor
review, and the manner of its presentation to the commissioner, which was
heard with keen interest by all members present. At the conclusion of his
report, Bro. McConaghy answered a
number of question to the general satisfaction of hia interrogators, and was
warmly applauded for the able manner
iu which hiB report had been presented.
Later he was excused from the meeting
to present his   report;   to the Postal [b.
A Timely Subject to Be Presented by Qualified
Next Sunday is what is commonly
termed "Labor Sunday" and doubtless the pulpits of the city will bo
found responding to its suggestion.
The platform of the Foderated Labor
Party will be occupied by Mr. J. S.
Woodsworth, who will speak upon
"Christianity and the Labor Movement." This is a Bubject thai he
ought on all counta to bo well able to
handle and present from a number of
viewpoints. The chair will be occupied
by Dr. W. J. Curry. Organ recital.
Organ recital at 7.30 as usual by Mr.
Herbert Watson.
Maritime District Oouncll
A meeting of the newly organized
C.  Maritime District Council wns
Clerks Association, who had convened held in the  Labor  Temple  Saturday.
at tbo O'Brien hall fur the same pur-1Delegatea from the Shipwrights, Caulk-
poso. tors, Joiners and Mi Union's unions of
Bro. President F. Knowles loft Win- Vancouver, Coquitlam, New  Westmin
peg, where ho had boon attending thej ster and Victoria were present.   Elec
Service Guild, hereby agreo to rcsumo j Stings of the Civil Service Commis-j tion  of officers resulted
Women's Industrial Union
The  first  dntico hold by the newly
rgunized    Women's  Industrinl    Union
will bo held in the Cotillion Hull, Fri
routo, nnd tho cuse in Vnncouver.   For L^ September 18.   Superstitions'hnve j
our services, believing that by so doing
wo will secure a prompt nnd fnir adjustment of matters in dispute, and not
impede or interfere with the requirements of the nation nt this time."
The resolution wns endorsed unanimously by the Vancouver members,
who udded as a recommendation "that
the present decision be not considered
a break in tho services, and that members iu the lake and river services hnve
the sume consideration as const members.
Thc Roynl Commission will now continue its investigations into the question of wnges, the point of recognition
hnving apparently been conceded, and
will theu bring in a report on all the
points in question.
Usual Good Programme Will Be Provided, and a Big Crowd Is
Expected to Be on Hand
The Longshoremen, nre holding a
whist drive social nud dunce in the
Lester Court on Wednesdny evening,
September -1. The knights of the hook
will, us usual, put up n splendid pro-
grnmme, nud those thui hnve nttended
uny of the Longshoremen's affairs in
the pust, will realize thnt, in so fnr ns
quality is concerned, there is no equal
lit the city to the longshore socinl
vents. Further particulars cnn be obtained by phoning Seymour t>35().
sioner lust week, und is now reported j
ns being at Hamilton, Ont., to attend
the  17th   biennial  convention   of  the
Federated  Association  of Letter  Carriers.
Bros. Ernest Rivett and T. P. Cnllen
leave on Thursday morning, 29th inst.,
to join him ns co-delegutes.
Secretary Robert Wight, of the Vancouver branch of Letter Carriers, hns
been delegated by the Federnted Asso-
elation to attond tKe 34th nnnunl ses-!
sion of the Trndes and Labor Congross
of Canada, convening at tho city of
Quebec, Sept. Mi, representing the four
western provinces on behalf of tho Ca
nndian Letter Carriers.
Robt. Donnnchie, president; H. A. McDonald, vice-president j Frank Curtis,
secretary nnd treasurer. The next
meeting will be held in Victorin Saturday, October 5.
Laundry Workers
There iB u very bright und encouraging outlook before the laundry workers
of the city. Orgnnizntion is going on
apace and many new members were admitted to tho Laundry Workers Union
at its meeting in the Labor Temple
Wednesdny evening. Over 250 of the
members were present and the new
wnge scnle which hns been drnwn up
for presentation to the laundry owners was unnnimously adopted.
It is rumored thnt nil the internntionnl officers In tho U.S.A., headed by
President Gompers of the A. F. of L.,
hnve pledged themselves not to go on
strike for tho duration of the wnr. Tf
this is true it would appear us if the
high cost of living did not affect these
Teamster and Chauffeurs
Secretary Showier is onc of the busiest men around the Labor Temple these
days on account of the job of sending
out registered lotters containing the
new wage schedule of the Teamsters
nnd Chauffeurs Union. There are over
one hundred und fifty firms employing
members of the union und ench one of
these will receive notification of the
scnle which is to go into offect October L
Scheme Provides for Actual
Workshop as Well as
Technical Training
The returned soldier problem committee of the B. C. Federation of Labor
has drawn up a scheme for the training of tho returned soldiers in industrial occupations. This scheme is being submitted to the vocational training department of thc Hospitals Commission. The matter has been under
consideration for some littlo time now,
and the central bodies have been acquainted of the nature of the proposals.
The officers of the vocational training
department are at all times very willing to cooperate with labor, and
through the efforts of these officers it
is expected thnt in the near futuro
some tangible arrangements will be entered into, and which will put an end
to the farming out of returned men to
employers of labor without any pay,
nnd will, it is hoped, extend the period
now allotted for vocational training,
nnd givo the returned men training under nctual workshop conditions. President McCallum and H. Neelands with
Secretary Wells are acting in conjunction with the officers of tho department
nt all times, they being elected a subcommittee by the committee mentioned
to act in this manner.
Theso scheme which waB drawn up
by Secretary Wells, is as follows, and
with some minor amendments is expected to be adopted.
Scheme of Vocational Training
In dealing with this subject, thore
ure many things to be considered, and
which aro of vital importance to the
roturned men and the community at
The firBt iB the method of training,
and general experience would lead to
the belief that trade schools are practically useless, and to make men efficient thoir training should bo carried
on under actual workshop conditions.
This con only be done by a system
of apprenticeship, nnd in addition to
technical training whero available.
The next thing (o bo considered is
the placing of the men in such trades
us will most likely give them nn opportunity of earning a livelihood, there
being a danger that mon mny be placed
in occupations that nre already over- j
crowded, or most  likely to become SO.
Anothor mutter of vital  importance |
is the period of training; men ennnot
be trained thoroughly in uny trade in
the  period  now  allowed   by   the   Dominion government, viz., one yenr.
To overcome these difficulties, und
to denl intelligently with the different
situations thnt mny from time to time
I arise, wo recommend that a centrnl
j technical training advisory committee
J be established, who shall have power
to appoint subcommittees in such dis-
| tricts us the committee deems advisable,
Practically All the Delegates
Who Resigned Are
AGAIN     ORGANIZING;     The   central   und   sub
j be composed  us    follow
Temporary   Offices   Elected   and   Arrangements for Further Meetings Made
The  retnil  clerks of New   Westminster are again organizing, and on Wednesdny evening the Initial meeting wns
held in the Roynl City.
Mr. A. Olen of tho vancouvor branch
of the Retail Clerks Protective Association wns asked to attend the meeting, in order to explain the alms nnd
objects of the orgnnizntion. After u
very good address delivered by Mr.
Glen, temporary officers Mere elected
nd 'irurngemenls were mnde for anther meeting in the neur future.
ommittccs  to
 :    An    equal
, number of representatives of Organ-
j ized Lnbor, the employers nnd representatives of the returned soldiers.
] Tho committees to net in conjunction
i with the vocational training branch of
I the Hospitals Commission.
!    Their function tu be ns follows: ,
To advise vocational training officers
ou the following questions:
1.   Ab to thc selection of candidates
Council   Moves   to
Union Label
President Winch occupied the chair
at tho meeting of the TradeB and Labor
Council last night. The credentials
for the delegates were received and
the delegates seated, practically all the
old delegates to the council being re*
The minutes were then adopted as
Communications from the Deputy
Minister of Labor, Senator Robertson,
re labor appointments, wore received
and filed,
A communication was also received
from the G. W. Veterans protesting
ngainst thc employment of Asintics on
the SS.  Alaska.
A communication from the recently
appointed "Labor Committee" was ou
the recomendati'on of the executive referred to the Board of Business Agents,
and a communication from the department of health was referred to the
B. C. Federation of Labor.
A communication was road- from the
United Mine Workers at Pochontas, Alberta, endorsing the action of the council in calling a 24-hour holiday on the
shooting of Goodwin. Otber communications from local organizations to the
same effect were ulso road and filed.
A communication from the Tailors
and one from the Musicians taking exception to the action of the council in
calling the holiday was read, the
Tailors withdrawing from the council.
Tho council endorsed the new wage
scale of the Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
BusinesB Agent Midgley reported
that he had just returned from his holidays, but that he had attended the
Jewellers' meeting on Tuesday and
that thiB loeal had decided to affiliate
with the council.
Miss Gutteridge, women's organizer,
reported that she had assisted in the
organization of , the   Sugar   Refinery
Workers.   She alao reported that some
of the members of the new organization of sugar workers who were affiliated with the Warehousemen had been
discharged for joining   thc   organization and that she had protested on behalf of the council to Ottawa.    Fair
wage officer, Mr. Bulger, had been unable to got the Rogers    Company    to
take the dischnrged   employees   back
ami   hnd  reported  to Ottnwa thnt  it
wus u ease of cloar discrimination on
the pnrt of the company,
I     (Shu nlso reported progress in the orgnnizntion  of the  Office   Workers  nnd
'the Laundry Workers, the latter hav-
ling propared n new wnge scale.
[     Under reports of unions the Laundry
Workers nsked  for tin: support of orgunized  labor,  us  did   the  Cooks  nnd
Waiters,  who  reported  that  the   Pioneer, McLeod,s nnd Mclntyre's cafes
were  still   unfair.    Tlie   Cigarmakers
nsked for the   support    of   orgunized
labor, nnd  requested tlie members  to
purchase locul uiiion-mude products.
Thc Soft Drink Dispensers reported
progress, but the Yule and the Tourist
along with other houses south of the
Barron on Granville Street were not
yet signed up. Tbe Bnkers reported
progress, with all the large linns signed up.
The following officers were elected
by acclamation: Presidont, E. Winch;
vice-president, .T. Knvanngh; secretnry
land business agent, V. R. Midgley;
treasurer, F. Knowles; trustees, W.
! Hubble, W. Prltchard, J. II. McVety
I and A. E, Crawford
I W. Poole wns nle.
arms. ^^^^^^^^^^
The re-elected officers were then obli
. sergeantat-
tor training, haying regnrd especially i 6 „„ „„,„„„ of „,,,  „!irri!m|l , ,)im.
to thoir suitability for thp trades.        : ci, wont on r(..,1)r(, M being        wd
2.   As to tbo suitability of tbe train- LQ p0m   ,        vaccination,
ing offered  in   technical    schools    or      ,,.,„. ;„S(,hllil)Il hy U)lft, ,;,; l)f th(J
11'   R Carpentors, seeking tho fnstitu*
I purposes thut WOte not in the interests
of Lnbor, nnd not in the interests of
the roturned soldier, mob Inw had been
invoked. A mean advantage hnd been
taken of men who were maimed nnd
not in a normal condition, and these
'had been urged on by clvilinns in both
citios to excesses. If wrong, fancied or
real, had to be righted by mob violence ,thcn there should bo no discrimination shown. What about the grafters
and the profiteers who had fattened
while others bled, and who were evon
now making lifo intolerable for the dependents of the soldier? Let those who
want mob law quit their discrimination
'and apply it all round, if it wns good.
Flag-flapping Patriots
At this point, Private Barnard read
numbor -of cuttings from locnl nows*
.papers, and mude somo pertinent comments on same.   One of those mus n re-
[port of it meeting of the North Shore
[Board of Trnde, where a meeting hud
declared they would back the soldier to
thc limit.   Ho noticed that thiB meant
thut they were willing to huve mob law
provided some one else could be persuaded to apply it.   These people hud
nlso stnted that even the plants must
bo closed to bring the working mun to
hiB knees.   He presumed by starvation,
if necessary, yot these wero the fiag-
I flapping patriots.   As n working mnn,
I ns well as n soldior, he declnred thnt if
/ he (the speaker) was to be found on his
, knees, it would be to something above
j and not beneath him.
It had been stated thnt such meet
j ings as wero being held that evening
' wore responsible for thc unrest. Was
(Continued on page 8)
been thrown to the winds by this new
Woman's organizntion und orgunized
lubor is given a hearty invitation to
join with them in making the even*
such a success that it will drnw those
who ought to be orgunized to the other
dunces wliich the union intend to hold
from time to timo. Admission to the
first one is gents 50c, Indies 25c. The
regular meeting of the union will be
held Friday, September li.
Machinists Auxiliary
Every machinist is requested to keep
in mind the big social that hns been arranged by the Machinists Ladies Auxiliary for next Tuesdny evening ill the
Labor Temple. The Indies have been
working tirelessly to mnke this along*
to-bo-remembered affair aud it is hoped
that the mon will do tlieir part by being on hand to enjoy thc good cuts and
the splendid programme Dnte, Tuesday, September 8. Time, fi p.m. Place,
Room 401 Labor Temple.
Butchers and Meat Cutters
A vory important nieeting of the
Butcher Workmen und Ment Cutters
Union will take pluce next Tuesday
in the Labor Temple und overy member is requested to be present, us matters of vital importance to the membership will be discussed. The specinl
business affects the entire membership.
Business Agents Board
A speciul meeting of the Business
Agents Bonrd will be held in the Labor
Temple Snturdny morning ut 10 n.m.
Every delegnte should be in attendance.
Federationist Grows in Popularity
TJ IK circulation of thc British Columbia Federationist is keeping pace with tho tremendous growth of Ihe organized labor movement of British Columbia, Almost every
week at least one of the many labor unions take Advantage of the value of the Ked-
erationist, by placing (heir entire membership on onr mailing list. This has added many
thousands to our circulation during the past few months, with the result that this papei*
now has the largest circulation of any weekly publication iu British Columbia, and ranks
third in circulation of any daily in Vancouver. When the many other unions, who have tho
matter under consideration, have decided to place their membership on our mailing list, this
paper will rank at least second in circulation in the city and in British Columbia, Many
are the calls that are being made from the ranks of labor for a daily, and as soon as we,
are satisfied that organized! labor is giving the support to our advertisers, that will enable
thom to decide in placing an advertisement in the daily, then we will begin to look into the
matter of a labor daily. Tbe new subscription price delivered every Friday to the homes of
trade unionists is ,Q\_ cents per month per member, or $1.25 per year. The following unions
have taken advantage of this and the Federationist is delivered to the homes of the entire
membership everv Friday.
 . 1 he
Aside from thesi
olher unions am
Shipyard Laborers
Machinists No. "77 arid No, 163
Stroot Railwayman
Civic Employees
steam uud Operating Engineers
Teamsters nnd Chauffeurs
Plum bers
Tile Layers
we have
among t
Firemen  nnd Oilers
lJti t torn mnkers
Moving Picture Operators
struct ara] Iron workers
Rotnil Clerks
Brewery Workers
Fire Fighters
Railway Mall Clerks
Gas Workers
Longshoremon (Bundle 450)
many individuals
id unorganized:—
rustling subs
Victoria Machinists No. -Ififl
Victorin  Longshoremen
Victoria  Curpenters
Victorin Painters
Nelson  Mine Workers
Woalminstor   8Mpyard   Ln borers
loco Oil Reflnory Workers
Hedley Mine Workers
Oreenwood Mine Workers
Powell  Rivor Paper Milkers
Prince Rupert Fish Puckers
Prince Ruperl  Carpentors
South   Wellington   Mine  Workers
Michel Miners
Bimilnr Institutions,
3. As to the suitttbi
ing offered iu worksln
reference lu the prosj;
ent employment, nnd t
■ of the train-
with special
s of porman*
the    rule    of
red nl the termination of the
other technical points!
ihe  regulation of  the
wagos off
■I. As
nrising o
ti. To report lu the vocational trnin
lag ofllccrs, if ul any time, in their
opinion, u sufficient number uf men
huve been trained in uny particular
trude, iu uny given uren, having regard to the number of men thnt nnv
trude in the area In question would bo
reasonably expected to absorb,
To act ns a prevention of men being
inadequately tmined the committeo
should hnve power tn lay down the
period of training In tho trndes selected, nm\ where the committee deem
advisable technical training should I"'
adopted us well ns workshop training,
The linul selection uf men for trnin*
ing in uny given trude shull lip left
to the committee, in order to prevent
men boing trained thnt muy be unsuitable to the trude, through nny physical
The Ilrst mouth of training should be
u trial period, nnd if ut the end of
this period, the mun is considered unsuitable, the training shull cense.
In the ense nf workshop tmining.
the employer shull ugree nt the end of
the trial period, if the mnn proves
suitable, to retain him In the workshop, until the end uf the training
period, nnd which shnll In- determined
by (he committee, unless it' either pnrty
fur some substantial roason desire to
terminate the ngreement, the cuse
shnll be referred tu the committee,
who shull utter hearing ovidenco hnve
power to terminate the ngreement.
Payment of Wages
Men undergoing trnin ing, irrespective of tho vocational allowance pro-
(Continued on Page S)
■ of tl
e glvt
r dny and n  liv
days   nfteh   the
n order  thnt  emp]
o to as many us pot
out  of
e dis
utli'inpt lo
will   be
II be throi
ult of the cessation
uf munitions, mnl
'iii've the situation
I by tho return
dopted with but
h suggested that a
i label tongue bo formed with the
t uf building up the movement
Hocrofnry     Midgley     suggested     the
union lubel tradee form s.ich un i
A considerable amount of discussion
on this question wns indulged iu. dur
ing which Miss Gutteridgo nnd J, H.
MeVety suggested that the best way
to accomplish this wus to form ladies'
Del. Burns moved that the council
recommend to the locnls affiliated with
the council thut they form Indies' auxiliaries in order to boost the
uf union lubor. Tbe
A notice of motion wus introduced
by Del. Smith to amend the constitution to cut unt the reports of unions
and to institute the discussion of industrinl problems, and to form a commit"
too for the purpose uf making arrange*
munis  fiir this purpose,
1 ndjourned ut  10.1" p.m.
Clorks nnd Stenographers
There is every prospect of having ft
strong clerks und stenographers union
in the nly of Vnncouver in the very
near future* Tho work of organisation
is progressing splendidly anil the many
cullers at Hoom L'10 of the Labor Temple go nwny with n smile mid a look
of hope Upon their f0C08 nfter hnving
gained u little insight as tu what an
organized body cun do in the bettering
of working conditions. PAGE TWO
PBIDAY August 30, 1918
Maple Loaf Peaches, tin.. 80c
Quality Pears, largo size.. 26c
Fresh   Herring,   extru
.. 16c
Pork and  Beans;  3
Blaok's  _.
for ■»>
Clark's  Tomato   Soup,  throe
for  a**
White Spring Salmon 16c
Bed Spring Salmon 20c
Worcestershire   Sauce,   three
for -Me
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.. 30c
Fancy   Waffle   Table   Syrup,
for .
Laundry<*Boap--Same quality as Boyal Crown Soap.
Special, 0 bars for 26c
B. C. Naptha, 6 for 26c
P. 0. White Naptha, 2 for 16c
Fancy Creamery Butter —
Packed in sanitary tins.
Special, per tin 45c and 66c
B. C. Catsup, per bottle.
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Sermour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
646 — ORANVILLE   STREET — 546
Vancouver   Night  Schools
WiU Be Well Attended
Coming Sessions
"The large number of enquiries now
being made by intending students regarding night school courses, indicates
that the tenth annual session of this
branch, of the city's educational activi
tics will bo very woll attended," aaid
Mr. Beech, the director of night schools
when seen ut his offlce in the School
Board building.
Tho session will reopen ou Tuesday,
Oct. 1, und will extend until March 31,
1919, Circulars describing the various
courses will bo ready for distribution
in a few days, and intending students
should secure a copy and decide on
their courses of Btudy as early aa possible. The diroetor of night classes will
be at the School Board, office ovory afternoon from 5 to 0 and will be pleased
to discuss the various courses of study
to interested enquirers.
The eourfles of study will -extend ovor
a very wide range of subjects, and
should reach many of our ambitious
young peoplo who are anxious to improve their sparo time during tho winter ovenings. Many vocational subjects
are included in tho electrical and mechanical engineering and commercial
courses and thc languages. Studies will
include French, Spanish and English,
Music, both vocal and instrumental,
and art courses are provided for those
who are interested in such studies,
while the domestic science courses will
train young women in cooking/ dress-
malting and millinery.
In connection with the night classes,
a froe employment bureau will bo conducted, and every effort will be made
to place all young peoplo who desire
positions where they may use the knowledge they may have acquired in their
It is ostimated that more than two
thousand students will bo in regular attendance at tho coming night school
Educational Function
of the Economic
Pr»>h Oat Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Or-
namental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988*472 — 728 Granville Street, Say. 9613
Kirk & Co. Limited
929 Main Street Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
The home established by the International Typographical Union ia situated
at Colorado Springs, Colo. It is about
0000 feet above the sea level. The main
building is of white lava stone with
red sandstone trimmings. Thc plan for
the building provides for extensions and
additions as thoy may be needed without destroying the symmetry and
beauty. At the present time it contains
125 rooms and preparations ore being
mado for an addition.
They have made n hospital with accommodations for 225 patients and n
tent colony for tho treatment of tuberculosis, n powor house, laundry, barn
aud minor buildings, and a cottage for
the use of the superintendent.
The cost of tho home, including repairs and additions to 1916 is, in round
numbers, one and a half million dollars.
The members pay a per capita tax of
20 cents per month for maintenance.
The residents are allowed 50 cents por
week for spending money, nnd tho total
cost of maintaining each resident
•$41.31 per month.
The management is vested in a board
of soven trustees, of whom the president, vice-president and secretary-treasurer are members ex-officio. Tho superintendent is appointed by the trustees.
The home has been in operation since
1892, the printers boing one of the lirst
to establish bonefit features,
Ferrer's Philosophy.
I dotest the shedding of blood; I
labor for the regeneration of humanity, and I lovo the good for-the good's
own sake. That which violence wins
for us today, another act of violence
may wrost from ub tomorrow. Those
stages of progress are alone durable
which have rooted themselves in the
mind and conscience of mankind. The
only means of realizing what ib good
is to teach it by education and propagate it by example.—Franolsco Ferrer.
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Limited
have returned from your well-
earned rest, you may feel that* you
will not want to wear the same old
workclothes as before the holiday. And
because Twin Bute overalls and work shirts
are so inexpensive, and last so long, you can
well afford to replace the old, much-used
garments with the well-made, well-fitting
Twin Bute Union Made Work Garments
In All Styles     At All Dealers
The Young Men in Trade
Union Movement and
Their Needs
A boy docs not get his knowledge of
the trade by merely becoming an apprentice or roading a few books on
molding. The only way that he can
learn the trade is by having four yearB
of practical experience at molding, and
a great doal of this experience Ib only
valuable to him in laying the foundation for securing a still wider know*
ledge of the trade, for the boy with
his four years of practical experience
has still much to learn before he knows
as much concerning the molders' trade
as tho journeyman who has worked
upon different classes of work in many
This, of courso, is such a simple
statement of a self-ovident fact that
nobody will dispute it, and we might
add, that a boy apprenticing himself
in a foundry, but spending his entire
time reading boks 'upon molding instead of making molds, would never
become able to do a journeyman's
Tho young man who studies medicine
and takes its degree has learned a
great deal about the human body, itB
diseases and how to cure them, but until he has had practical experience in
applying his knowledge, no one would
bo willing to trust him. It is only
after he-has served an apprenticeship
of practical experience as an interne
hospital that we aro willing to
trust him to treat uh, and in serious
cases we want the doctor who has had
many years of practical experience in
applying the knowledge he secured
while a student, because his experience
is what makes him valuable. .
Let us apply these facts to our
trade-union movement. The journeyman upon becoming initiated becomes a trade-unionist, but this does
not mean thnt he understands trade-
unionism or that it would be wise to
trust him with many important trade-
union matters. He must serve an apprenticeship us a trade-unionist, that
is to say, he nvust have practical experience in applying trado-union policies and methods before ho is competent to successfully handle trade-union
The newly initiated member might
rend all of the books which have over
been written upon tho trade-union
movement; ho might understand ita
history, its policies, and its principles,
but until be has had practical experience in applying' what ho kuows, he
has not acquired that knowledge which
he must have in order to successfully
handle trade-union affairs.
Tho trade-union movement is the
most important one to the workers. It
is through it und it alone that the
workers are able to have a voice in
determining their terms of employment,
the wago rato, the houra of labor, the
trade-union rules and regulations which
will be observed, und much of the progress which the trade-union movement
can make depends upon the experience
of those who are directing it.
How often when a question comes up
in the meeting room, which because of
thc enthusiasm and logic with which it
ia presented seems to be advantageous
to the union, some old and experienced
trade-unionist takes tne floor and in a
fow simple words, which explains some
experience which the local union has
gone through, makes it clear that what
had been proposed was both unsafe
and unsound.
There is much to be gathered from
the information contained in our trade-
union publications and tho few books
which have beon published dealing
with our movement; thoso should be
read and re-road; but there is nothing
that can take the placo of oxporieuce,
nulling which can qualify members for
leadership, except having occupied responsible positions in the local unions
and thc national organization's affairs.
As time passes our problems become
more complicated and the welfare of
our movement lequiros a much larger
number of men trained in experience,
somo of whom must be highly informed specialists.
The time was, years ago, when but
little experience was required in order
tu handle artillery. The cannon wore
comparatively small, smooth bore, and
tho object aimed nt but a Bhort distance away. Today tho heaviest artillery, upon wliich the most depends, dis-
charges its shell at a target miles away
and out of sight, and thoae who direct
the aiming of the gun, tho angle at
which it must be placed, must be men
of high training and much experience,
or else the ponderous weapon is valueless. Wo need more trade-union experience, which means more practical
trade-iyiion knowledge, more oxpert
and trained men in tho handling of our
locnl Interests. We must Jinvo them
if we are to make the progress whieh
we should.
Wc would not expect an apprentice
who only came to tho foundry five or
Vitx times a year to over becomo n qualified journeyman molder, and no more
can wo expect the member who does
not attend the meetings more than
three or four times a yoar to become a
competent, qualified, well-informed
One of our biggest problems is tho
trade-union education of our members,
and those who have had the necessary
experience and who realize the necessity of training our younger members
should look upon themselves as obligated to do everything which lies in
their power to educate our young mon;
to see that thoy serve on committees
with older men; tu see that thoy are
pu to work by the local union; to see
thut little by littlo more and more re-
I Bponstbility is placed upon thom, ao
that iu our ranks there will be a continually growing number of thoso, who
beca\iso of practical experience, know
j what should be done when the.everyday problems facing our movement
| arise in the shop and in tho local union.
| What the education of our public
' school system has meant to hundreds
of thousands of young people, trade-
I trade-union   experience  will  mean   to
Masses Must Own All the
Instruments of Wealth
Democracy meanB self-government
not only ia the domain of politics, but,
right through the social system. It
means that the people must own all the
instruments of production, and all the
wealth produced.
It means that the poople must possess
the land, the machines, the factories,
the mines, tho ships, the warehouses—
all that haB social value, and today is
used for the exploitation of the masses.
It iB not for this, the ono real form
of Democracy, that the war is being
fought. It is not to bring such a democracy to pasB that the landlords of
Britain, who ruthlessly evict their tenants, turning even tho sick out on the
roads, are sending their sons to the battlefields and investing their money in
war loans.
It is not to establish the supremacy
of thc people over tho means of life
that the sweaters of women and children, who wax fat upon the misery of
their slavos ,are enthusiastically waving
flags and demanding that the spilling
of blood Bhall continue.
As for the capitalista of America, to
whose brutality and greed innumerable
crimes are traceable, whose names are
a byword among the nations for un-
acrupuloua evil-doing, it is impossible to
imagine these mercenary monsters
fighting to destroy their own domination and surrender td the people the
wenlth that they have stolen from
Yet iii that way only could they
make Democracy safe.—The Australian
[By Oscar Wildo]
I cannot help saying that a great
deal of nonsense is being written and
talked nowadays about the dignity of
manual labor. Thero ia nothing necessarily dignified aboat manual labor at
all, and most of it is absolutely degrading. It is mentally and morally injurious to man to do anything in which he
does not find pleasure, and many forms
of labor are quite pleasurolcas activities, and should be regarded as such.
To sweep a slushy crossing for eight
hours on a day when the east wind is
blowing is a disgusting occupation. To
sweep it with mental, moral or physical
dignity seems to bo impossible. To
sweep it with joy would be appalling.
Man is mado for something bettor than
disturbing dirt. All work of that kind
should bo done by a machine.
And I have no doubt that it will be
so. Up to the present, mnn has been, to
a certain extent, the slave of ninchin-
ery, and there is something tragic in
the fact that as soon as man invented
a machine to do his work he began to
starve. This, howover, is, of course,
tho result of our property system of
One man owns a machine which does
the work of live hundred men. Five
hundrod men are, in consequence,
thrown out of omploymont, and, having
no work to do, becomo hungry nnd take
to thieving.
Tho ono man secures the produce of
the machine and keeps it, and has five
hundred times as much as he should
have, and probably, which is of much
moro importance, a great deal more
than he really wants.
Were that machine the proporty of
all, every ono would benefit by it. It
would be an immense advantage to the
All unintellectual labor, all monotonous, dull labor, all labor that deals
with dreadful things, and iuvolves un
pleasant conditions, must be done by
Machinery must work for us in coal
mines, and do all sanitary services, and
be the stoker of steamera, and clean tho
streets, and run mesaagea on wet days,
and do anything that is tedious and
At present machinery competes
against mun.
Under propor conditions machinery
will serve man. Thore is no doubt at
nil that this is the future of machinery,
and just as trees grow while tho country gentleman is asleep, so will Humanity bo amusing itself, or enjoying cultivated leisure—which, and not labor, is
the aim of man—or making beautiful
things, or reading beautiful things, or
simply .contemplating the world with
admiration and delight, machinery will
be doing all the necessary aud unpleasant work.
The fact is that civilization requires
Tho Greeks wore quito right there.
Unless there are slaves to do the ugly,
horrible, uninteresting work, culture
and contemplation becomes almost; impossible. Human slovery is wrong, in-
securo and demoralizing. On mechani-
oal slavery, ou tho slavery of the machine, the future of the world depends.
■ 1	
Following the unprecedented profits
of last quarter, announced by the
United* States Steel Corporation, the
American Steel Foundries Company reports that for the last six month's its
profits were $4,187,45,"), a gain of j.230,*-
258 over the same poriod of last yoar.
After charging off $184,728 for "wear
and tear" of plant, an^ $1,043,000 for
federal war taxes, tho Biirplua profits
amounted to $2,968,024.        *
It is easy to find nine peoplo out of
ton who aro willing to do the Bhouting
while the tenth does tho work.
hundreds of thousnnds of trado unionists. It will qualify them to protect
their interests nnd advance their welfare as nothing else can do. A doctor
who could tell the patient what his
disease was, but could not administer
the remedy so that a cure wojld be
effected would be a poor physician indeed; and whilo as trade-unionists we
must hnve n definite knowledge of what
the ills and evils are which affect us,
we must know what to do under the
eu'cumstances, we must bc able to work
out the cure ourselves; in other words,
the wage-earners must be ablo to work
out their own salvation; nobody else
can da it for them, and the degree of
practical truda-union knowledge which
they have will determine the amount of
practical progress which their organizations will make,—Moulders' Journal.
Crossman Electrical
Machinery Co.
78-80 Dufferin Street E.
Vancouver, B. C.
- GAFE -
under new management
156 Hastings Strset West
Phone Sey. 035
Ballard's Furniture Store
Call tnd iee oar large stook of new
and need furniture.    Prices to ault all.
Phont Seymonr 7189
Third floor. World Building
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
Don't Overlook the Possibilities of
tbe Telephone
Did yoa ever notice how some peoplo
shout into the telephone t They think
because the party thoy are talking to is
some distance away that the tone of
voice must be loud. They forget that a
conversational tone is all that is needed.
It is tho same with the long distance
telephone. Somo people havo the Idea
that because the party wanted Ib distant, tt Is not possible to talk to them—
the voice cannot carry that far. The
voice may not carry that far, but lt is
easily carried by wire any distance,
owing to modern Invention. No matter
how far your friend is flway, you can
convorse by telephone without difficulty.
Try lt Bome time.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many peoplo neglect
their eyes even whon they
know they slieuld have
them attended to—when
thoy know thoy should be
wearing glasses — because
they are afraid they will
bo overcharged—'and because of the uncertainty of
tho cost.
<J I want any of you union
men who feol that you
may require glusses—you
or your wives—to come in
and let mc examine your
eyes. Lot mo tell you what
is wrong—if nnything—
what it will eost to givo
you glasscB that will mako
soeing and living more
fl My optical sorvico is the
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Seymour 1003
Granville Optical Co.
Below Drysdale'a
Rough Rajah
Is Late
It must have stopped at
several places because it has
been most leisurely in its
However, it comes in clean
and fresh and its colors are
as happy as though it had
not had us worried.
A heavy rough thread
rajah silk —all silk — that
wears and washes well.
Champagne, pink, brown,
navy, devil blue, apricot,
sky, grey, Alice, white, old
rose, reseda and blaok.
33 inches wide, per yard
Saba Bros.
the Silk Specialists
Where Strong, Durable, Outdoor
Garb Is Called for Ther Have
No Rivals.
J. A. Flett Ltd.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi itreet Weit
Frinttri to Ttat Fidmtionlft
Tltt   FederationiBt   Ib   prodnwd   from
mi   aurftrti   newBpiper   printing   pltnt.
; Canada Food Board ;
1   Licence 8—1855    !
Wben I decided to discontinue the
expensive delivery system and have my
customers carry their market baskets
to this store, I was enabled to effect
savings that mean much to you, in these
days of high prices. That's why I am
able to advertise prices like these:
Crawford Freestone I'encheB ....$1.60
(Thc lirst of the seuson requires less
sugar for preserving)
Bartlett Pears, 5 lbs    26c
Whitney Crab Apples, 6 lbs    25c
Apples, per box  $1.60
(Eating and Cooking)
Alberta fresh eggs, dozen    55c
Dairy Butter, pound    43c
(Alberta Government Special)
Creamery     61c
Finest Canadian Cheese    30c
Ripe Cucumbers for pickling, lb 2l/_e
Fresh,  Cured and Smoked Bleats at
right prices
My Tomato Sausages have become a
regular habit with most families.  Have
you tried them?
Continue to use substitutes for wheat,
beef and pork. Remember, the war
continues.—Canadian Food Board.
118 Hastings St. W.
SEY. 1266
Should be in tbe home of
every mania IT IN YOURB7
-Pbone Fairmont 2624—
Pocket Billiard
(Bnanrlek'Btlke Oollender Oo.)
—Budo/urten ror Onion Hon—
Union-mall   Tobaccoi,   Olgtn   ul
Only Wilt* Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
TENTH YEAR.   No. 35
Physical labor
requires good teeth!
_ The man who toils should have sound, healthy
teeth—not because, like the soldier of the newspaper joke, he is required to use them as tools of
his trade—but because they are essential to his
physical equipment. Bad teeth, with their accompaniment of bad stomach health and poisoned blood, use up the vitality which is needed by
the man who must daily use his physical strength
as well as his brain—produce hardening of the
arteries—make him old before his time.
Tho best time to tako caro of the
teoth ia before they go wrong. Tho
noxt bost timo—tho next least ex-
penaivo time—is as soon as thoy begin to decay. Attend to tho flrst decaying tooth. If you have lost it,
roplaco it at once. I shall be glad
to toll you what you need and what
it will cost.
Fine Dentistry
Friday and Saturday Savings
CaBuell'B  Tablets    33c
Reid's   Syrup   of   Hypophos-
phites  82c
Fruit-u-Hves    36c
Hold's   Cascnm   TnWt-'ts    10c
l'epsodeiit   Tooth   Paste    43c
Chimn's Ointment  42c
I>J!itonc  Tooth   Paste    16c
Reid's   Fruit   Saline    3flc
Health Salts  16c
Emulsified   Couoannt   Oil    26c
Chase's    Kidney    and    Liver
Pills 19c
Palm Ollvo  Soup 10c
Anmmtiu Cascara  10c
Dinpepsin    S3c
Reld's Beef Iron & Wino 60c
Jad   Salts    62c
Mctinen's Talcum   14c
Reld's   Kidney Pills   29c
Sanltol Face Cream  24c
Penslar   Liver  Saline—two   sizes
36c and 00c
Finest French Olive   Oil—Tho   Beau-
martin Brand.    Best for medicinal
and tnble use.
Bottles    ,40c,  75c and $1.26
Tins:    1-quart $2.50
2-quart    $5.00
1-gallon  _ $0.00
Penslar    Dynamic   Tonic—two    sizes
76c and $1.50
Waterman's    Ideal    Fountain    Pens,
self-filling;   most   complete   assortment   to   choose   from.     Prices   up
from $2.60
35c Writing Pad   „ 23c
15c Writing Pad   flc
40c Papetries   24c
15c Envelopes       flc
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings Street West   Phones Bey. 1966 and 1866
7 Hastings Street West Sermonr 3632
782 Oranvllle Street Seymour 7013
Oor. OranviUe and Broadway Bay. 2314 and. 1744-0
412 Main Street '  Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
Just a few days more to outfit thc boy or girl for school opening. It is most important they should have proper footwear.
Wc have the best school shoes made and an expert fitting|
service to fit them.
Our sort of school shoes are always much
cheaper in the end than thc "other
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
A Stimulant
Without A Regret
Food Llcooit
Ho. e-ott
Nabob Coffee is far more stimulating
than ordinary coffee because all its
qualities are retained intact in thc
vacuum oan. It is richer in flavor-
more appetizing—more fragrant for
the same reason.
Air is coffee's enemy—it robs it of
its quality. All air is pumpod out
of the Nabob can the moment tho
coffee goes In.
A produc. of
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.
T. B. HILL is starting, on Saturday, a sweeping sale of BOYS'
SUITS. You will require a new suit to begin school in, and
this will be your opportunity to get a good one for very little
Our Boys' 3uits for this fall are now here, and are the very
latest styles shown, with slash and slant pockets, belts and
pleats. The materials are strong and good to wear. Taken
together, thoy comprise all that can be desired, including, at
thc prices we are offering them, very cheap. Following are a
few prices, which indicate the close prices of all:
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; value to $10.00, for $6.85
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $12.50, for $8.85
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $15.50, for $10.25
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $17.50, for $14.50
Sale begins Saturday morning.
The Store for the Workman's Apparel
117 Hastings Street East
Political Action the Slogan
to Alf Parts of the
Future Problems That Must
Be Handled by the
The Britsih Labor Party recently announced to the world the
startling fact that the truce existing
between it and tho government since
the commencement of the war was
ended. This plainly shows that the
British working class has no use for
the present government. In most of
the belligerent countries we perceive a
growing tendency to defy the ruling
class, but in Britain we have a proli
tariat that steps confidently forward
and says: "We are the only class in
this country fit and ablo to take charge
of its destinies." Tho great changes
that are about to take place"in the
British Commnowealth will be moulded
by working men and in accordance
with the desires of labor. The attempt
made to curb the aspirations of our
fellow workers in the old land hns
ended in failure. They, the workers,
have had thc same obstacles as ourselves to overcome. A lying press thnt
would publish any fabrication^ however
fantastic, in order thnt labor might be
discredited. A censorship so strict thnt
the working clnss was prevented
from placing its views before the public and often from exposing the falsehoods Bprcad broadcast by the hirelings of the profiteers. When we take
into consideration all that our brothers
in tho old country had to face, together
with their close proximity to the scene
of conflict, we are delighted • nnd
stimulated by the results  achieved.
A few weeks biuco wc attended a
meeting of the Trades and Labor Coun
cil in Vancouver and took careful note
of thc proceedings. The delegates,
both men and women, had an air of
earnestness and sincerity that com
manded respect and we venture to say
that no other organization in British
Columbia can produce an equal number
of representatives possessing their
ability and integrity. The speeches
delivered were to the point, workman*
liko, and showed an insight into pros*
ent day problems that was gratifying
and filled us with hopo for tho future.
The reports coming from other partB
of the Dominion indicate that the
working men everywhere are coming
forward and taking a hnnd in the af
fairs of the country in a manner thnt
is causing the ruling class to realize
that its day is over. Thc historic mis
sion of labor is to create a new order
of society, a society in which every in
dividual,will be,free. By freedom we
mean liberty in an economic sense. At
tho presont time we are free to work
for the masters. Wc ore free to produce wealth for them. When we are
not wanted to produce wenlth for our
masters wo are free to starve. As a
class we live to work. When wo are
really free we shall produce wealth
for ourselves to use. We shall have no
nnxicty about living. Food, clothing
and shelter will come os naturally as
nir. How do we know this? Simply
bocause we are unable to avoid por-
cciving that we do not suffer on account of tho niggardliness of nature.
Thore is a super-abundance of those
things necessnry  to humnn   existence.
Consider all thoBe men fighting at
the front. Are thoy not eating and
nro thoy not clothed? Consider oIbo
all those employed in the manufacture
of the materials required in the carrying on of the war. A smnll portion
of the earth's population is engaged
in producing really essential things and
thiB is feeding, clothing and sheltering
us all. Ke know therefore that if all
were omployed in producing those
things we renlly need thore would be a
Then ngnin many of the things we
produce are produced simply to make n
profit for the master class and are not
of nny use from the point of view of
human wolfare. If you look in at most
of the places where working men aro
employed you will find them engnged
ill producing things that they do not
want nnd the individual or firm who
employs them does not wnnt them
either. They are produced for sale
nnd unless they ean bo sold production
of thcBo particular articles ceases and
working men are out of employment.
When tho war is over it is calculated
that millions of men and women will
be thrown on the scrap heap. There
will be nothing for them to do but
starve. We have yet to be shown any
practical scheme put forward by tho
master clnss of nny country thot has
for its object the solution of the problom that confronts us. The better off
the working man is he more independent he becomes. The master class
will never c'jt its own throat and for
it to find ways and means of solving
the problem without doing so is impossible.
The problem of the returned soldier;
the feeding of tho widows and orphans;
in short, the caring for the wreckage
of thc war, iB the task of the working
class itself. Whoever retains control
of the powers of the state it is plain
thn thoso who toil will have to bring
into being those articles thnt ure essential to our existence. The more of
these things thero are that go to the
cripples and the dependants of those
who have fallen or been rendered useless in thc war, the less will there be
for the master class. We never yet
knew of the muster class in any country sacrificing any of the goods it considered necessary to its proper existence, on account of the fact that poverty and miaory were rampant among
those who toiled. Employers generally
take full ndvnntnge of the misery of
the toiling and suffering workers to
b'tiy labor power ns cheaply as possible.
All this is obvious and the question
that confronts us is "What are we
going to do about itf"
There is one point that we Willi
make first and that iB that there is
fnW)      $1.60 PER yEAR
Vicp-|>rrntcicnt of Branch No. 11, Federated
Association of Letter Carriers, Victoria, fi.
C, who Ih now on his way ns elected delogate to their 17th biennial convention,
which meets in tho city of Hamilton, Ont.,
on Sept. 4, 5 and 6. Mr. Bird la accompanied by Christian Sivertz, the other
delogate from Victoria.
Profiteers Making Efforts to
Discredit Labor in
Soldiers' Eyes
nothing in trade unionism that cnn find
employment for an unemployed man
when the labor market Is overstocked.
Thc trade unions have done and are
doing a noble work, but there are limits to their power. It is impossible to
gainsay the fact that labor power sells
on the market like cheese or bacon and
is subject to the same laws that govern
these commodities. This being so we
are faced with the conclusion that
within the limits of trades unionism
there is no solution. The working class
is therefore compelled to take a political stand and to make its voice
heard and its presence felt in the halls
of legislation. Tho trade union movement is a preparatory "step to a still
greater task—the conquest of the reins
of government aud the introduction of
those laws that will assure the existence of tho essential portion of human
Is there any thinking person who
can say thut the working class cannot
get hold of the wins of government
if it wants to? Is there any step that
the muster clnss cnn, take that can impede or retard tho political advance of
the workers? We nre forcod to the
conclusion that against the political,
advance of tho working cluss the present ruling ciass Ib absolutely helpless.
The government thut is in power we.
placed thore and we can remove it at
the next election if wc so desire. All
we want is tho will and it is dono.
Strictly speaking, we have thc government wo deserve. It is a reflection
of ub. If the bunch at Ottawa is a
thieving, grafting outfit, it is exactly
what those who sent it there would
be if they had tho opportunity.
We hear a lot about patriotism nowadays, but if we judge correctly real
patriotism is not very much in evidence. Many of those who camo to
B. C. came with the idea of plundering the country. Many of the people in
Canada invited immigrants from other
lands in order that thoy might plunder
them. Real patriotism expresses itself
in a love for the well-being of the inhabitants of the country in which one
happens to be born or where one happens to make his home. Bo not thc
people of Cnnnda love the country and
its inhabitants? In proportion to their
nffection for the country and for euch
other's welfnre they are patriotic. In
the older countries customs have become, ns it were, inbred and theie customs bind. Witness thnt when war
wns declared those from thc mother
land hastened to thc front, drawn immediately to the danger zone by the
haunting fear that those whom they
loved in the old country were in danger. There wus something in thc fibre
of their being compelling them to instantly respond to the coll to arms.
Thc sons of those who enme from the
old country responded also nnd they
were mostly working people. We heard
a lot of hurrahing nnd saw a lot of
flagwaving by some of the politicians
who stayed behind. There wart grafting and corruption in exnet proportion
to their patriotic display. The working people who stayed behind worked
hnrd. All the time the war has been
in existence these working people hnve
been producing materials necessnry for
the carrying on of thc war and the
feeding of the population of the empire. Millionaires have appeared
every month and those millionaires
hnve not been accused of sedition or
unpatriotic conduct, but the moment
the workers go on strike to force a
wage equal to the amount necessary
to reproduce tlieir labor power, thc cry
is raised of "pro-Gorman," and thoy
are accused of being in league with
tlie kaiser.
The workers constitute the renlly
pntriotic class. Thoy fight purely from
patriotic   motives.
The working men of Britain, up
agninst the snme thing as ourselves,
have decided that the only course open
for Labor to tnke is the path that
makes for political control and we in
this country are compelled to follow
their example.
Every move that Labor makes hance-
forth will be towards political action
nnd in opposition to the old political
There are signs on every hand of the
growing solidarity of the workers and
a general move will be made ns soon as
they are fully aware of their strength.
Wt^want our class to realize not alone
its power but its responsibility. We
want the workers to mnrch methodi-
ally forwurd towards the capture of
tbe reins of government in order thnt
they may make this eountry a fit and
proper place for humnn beings to inhabit. Those things that are essential
to the existence of everybody must nt
once bc made the common property of
all. Necessity gives the working people
the mandate to mnke laws to this effect. In the struggle with tht master
class for control of the powers of tlie
state the workers will become fully ac-
q.iainted with all thc measures "that
will be required to inaugurate the form
of society thnt is best suited to their
The sands ef thc old order are running down in the glass. Wc are oa the
verge of an economic precipice and unless intelligence is brought to bear on
tho situation we are going over. From
the ranks of those who toil the knowledge, thc vision and the power necessary to avert disaster must come.
Things aro steadily going from bad
to worse. What we have is tho best
the master class can offer; tho best it
has ever given; the best* for ub that it
cnn ever conceive, because its vision
(Continued on page 14)
Organized Labor Has Made
a Record That Workers
Are Proud of
No doubt today there are many profiteering, employers who are dreaming
of a reversion to their nice old days
when the worker meekly accepted the
amount the employer chose to pay him
and dared not murmur. And many of
them, no doubt, really believe that at
the end of the war for democracy those
nice old conditions will prevail. In
fact, it is currently reported that efforts are being made to influence our
boyfl in France, as well as in tho can-
tonements, that labor unions are not
doing thoir part, are striking on war
work, and thus hampering the effectiveness of the fighting forces, with the
idea of creating an antipathy against
tho unions thot will remain with them
after thc war period.
And tho old conditions will prevail,
too, but for a thorough organization of
the workers united, prepared to resist
nny lnbor exploiting policy by a firm,
unyielding hand.
Much as a thorough organization of
thc workers is needed today, it will bo
needed to a much greater degree when
the war is over, which is tho time looked forward to by all such employer^
who would set the workers back to the
old conditions, and wrest from them
the conditions they hove so hardly won.
. The awakening among the organized
has been wonderful the past year, but ■
there arc many yet nsloep, blind to
their own interest and thc interests of
their families. Some have even attempted to gain hotter wages without joining tho union, thinking to gain the advantage of union organization without
fulfilling tho duties of union membership—poor slackers who do not realize
that if the matter of their wages is
left to the will of tho boss, he can reduce as well as advance them.
The trade union movement does not
clamor for sympathy, charity or special
favor from the government; it does not
demand special privileges, or immunities from the laws that should apply to
all alike in equity. Being composed of
human beings it has made some mistakes in the past. But it should not be
judged by the errors committed, but by
the actual service it hns rendered in
thc promotion of thc common welfare.
The achievements of the past bear n
record that cannot successfully be challenged.—Cnnndinn Lnbor Lender.
though the weather has
been, looks likely to remain
for a time, it would bc wise of you to
think seriously-about the FALL which
is only just ahead of us. Our stock is
sumptuous and complete. We certainly have some, fine attractive goods.
Fashions for ladies are now all set, so
you will be perfectly safe in ordering
now, and it is best to be a trifle, early
because it gives us that much extra
time to put in that much extra work
and give you that much extra satisfaction and, a perfect and complete satisfaction to our customers is our one
great idea. Let us urge on you to
come and inspect our Fall Styles and
materials early; the earlier thc better.
MEN'S suns
935 UP
128 Hastings Street East
Near Theatre Boyal (OU Pantages)
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
■t4-$m\Bk  ll
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Dreaming of hy$
NOT so very long ago the little pictures in
this advertisement depicted the weekly
routine of this busy housewife. But, doing a
little thinking, she saw where she could save
flour otherwise wasted in the process of home
baking, eliminate a lot of worry and have 15
Extra Leisure Hours for every 50-lb. sack of
flour by using baker's bread.
LOOKING around for n loaf up to hor highest
standard, sho picked on SHELLY'S l-X Broad,
She found il to be non-crumbling; moisture retaining;
possessed of the richest of golden colored crusts and
whoatiosl of flavors. Hubby enjoyed it immolfsoly.
Now, her baking hours are "bygone dnys."
Sold Around the Corner—or Phone
Shelly Bros. Ltd.
Food Liscepse
FBIDAY. August 30, 1918
Published every Friday morning by the E. 0
Foderationist, Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After 0 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription*. $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00: to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World'
.August 30,  1918
MONDAY noxt will bc "Lubor
Day" and thc workers on the
American Continent will cele*
brate thnt duy which has been set
aside ns their own [mrticulnr duy. The
customary parados
and other forms
of cele b r u t i o n
will bc indulged
in, und speeches
made in which the achievements of
Labor in the past and its hopes for
the futuro will be oxpressod.
It is now about four years since the
Federationist mado its Ilrst pronouncement on the issues of thc present war,
and at this time we can soe no roason
for any retraction as to tho stand tuken
at that time, which was to the effect,
"thot until tho domination exorcised
by the mailed Hst of militarism over
the social life of the Gorman poople—
coupled with the threat of war which
will hang over Europe us long as thnt
domination remains—is broken forever,
no further stop can bo taken along the
path of human progress with any degree of assurance that it will be permanent. "Many took excoption ut
that timo to the uttitudo taken, but wo
fail to see in whero it wns wrong, ns
the eventB of the last four yours will
prove to thoso that do more than cursory thinking. In tho meantime the
workers of ull lunds, whether thoy be
ally or enomy, havo borne the burdens
nf war, either by lighting or by working, and the lessons thnt must hnvo
beon learned from the experiences of
the last four years ennnot ns yet be
given the attention that will bo given
aftor thc war is over. Strikes and
labor troubles have taken place, the
over increasing cost of living has boen
diligently followed by tho workers in
their endeavors to retain their stundnrd
of living, but as yot they have not been
able to overtake the speedy rise in tho
cost of the necessities of life. We
havo no apologies to offer for the nc
tivitios of Organized Labor iu its en
deavors to maintain tho standnrd of
living. If it had not dono so it would
havo betrayed thc trust of the membors
of Orgunized Labor oversees as woll as
its members here. Labor has boen called
unpatriotic, pro-German and evorything
else by tho representatives of thc employing class whenever it has on
deavored to hold its position, or in any
way attepted to rosist whnt it thought
were encroachments on the liborties
which it had in tho past, but it can
look bnck and feel no disgrace at whut
it hns dune, but can tako pride in thc
real patriotism that it has shown in
its efforts tn retain its standard of
living and in its efforts to resist nny
encroachments on tho liberties of tho
common people.
*        *        *
Looking to thc world situation, those
thnt condemn the people of Germany
for thoir passivism in  respect to the
military autocracy of    that    country,
should remember thnt nothing short of
a revolution  on  tho lines of thot  in
Bussia   can   overthrow   the   reigning
despots  of  that  country, unless  they
nro destroyed by militnry force from
outside.   And a parallel cun be drawn
between Russia und Germany in this
respect.   Bussia was, prior to tho revolution, ruled by a form of governmont
as autocratic os ever thc Germans were
ruled by.    Tho   Germnn   poople   huve
nover had thc snmo power of removing tho autocracy which ruled them by
the iron hand  us we in this country
hnve tn remove nny government which
does not meet with the approval "f the
people, but os yet we arc not really in
possession of sufficient Information us
to what is transpiring in   the   enemy
countries as to warrant any universal
condemnation of the people of   those
countries.   A ray of light, however, hus
come out of tho mist of war by the
overthrow of the   Bussian   autocracy,
and irrespective of the  merits or  the
demerits of thc Bolsheviki, we cun ut
least say  that Bussia has made some
progress' in thc way of human liberty,
for it cun be tnken for granted thut
that country will never nRnin be ruled
by   nn   ubsoluto   monarchy.   Whether
the German people will   bring   ubout
the overthrow of Ihe ruling dynasty in
that country remains In In* seen. Thai
it  will be overthrown, however, from
within   or    without,   is   a    rny    of
hop*   Ihe  pathway of humnn  progress.
" * * *
Ho on U.hor Day Hit) hopes and
aspirations of tho working olass ns l<>
the ultimate triumph of democracy cnn
ho said lo bo nonrcr 11 realisation tlmn
they liavo over boon in lho paat. It
Jh iruo that in nil lands lho tBBK wblCli
laya boforo tho working ''hi™ '■ »"
light ono, but with thn IcBSons warned
through tho wur, and thn steadily
growing realization on tho part of the
workers of the fact Iliht those who do
tho world's work, whother by hand or
Mn, nro tho only really useful pooplo
hi socioty, und lhal on thnn rests the
jvsnousil.'ilitios Of tho futuro, we bOVO
no fear as to thoir future actions. .Mistakes they will make, but thoir sincerity of purpose can never be questioned.
Thoy have s.ilTon-d, and through that
suffering thoy will ..morgu confident in
tlieir power tu assumo the control ot
Government, und by that moans bring
about* a revolution in the economic
3lructuro of society wliich ean only
havo ono result, thnt of freeing tlio
workers from the economic system thut
hus boon the causo of all the Buffering
tt. which they hnve boon heir to in thn
past. True lhat slavery und all LU
attendent ills hnve boon necessary to
the development uf human society, but
the day is past whon it is any longer
-a help or a factor in the development*
of the humnn family Bovolution yes,
but on this continent not s.ieh ns is
usually resorted to in thoso joimtrios
whore the people are governed b) the
militury flyHtem, or by nt. uuto.-rm-y
such as existed in Russia, but by tin
revolution which has ulreudy taken pace
Lu the minds of men. The revolution
over, tho noxt step cnn not, however,
bo taken to put the effects of that
revolution into being until alter the
war is over, und if there has to be uny
resort to force to bring into operation
thc will of the peoplo, it will not be
because of the activities of the workers, but becnuse of the fact thut the
will of the people will be resisted by
tho Huns within the gates, who, like
their prototypes in Germany or nny
other country, stand as opposed to the
freeing of the workers from the bondage which gives all that is beneficial
to one class, and nothing but misery
to tho really useful people of society
Labor has nothing to fear from the
future if it only endeavors to under
stand the situation, and if it does not,
when the time conies to make the
change, its sufferings, and its sacrifices
will have been in vain; but we are con
iident that it is capable, and at the
same, time desirous of undertaking
the tusk winch lies before it. Thi
phrase "Labor Omnia Vineit" will
theu be something that has a meaning.
Speed the day.
IT has been said that the only question of the moment is "the winning
of the war," Howover true this
may be, und howover often it is soid
when questions as to the futuro crop
up, does not take
WHAT IS THE away the irapor*
QUESTION OF tance of the ques-
THE MOMENT?      tions that are to
arise after the
war is over. Neither should the repetition of the atatement be allowed to
side track those most vital questions.
Going back to tho status quo onto is
impossible, and no one with brains
would ever think of going back to prewar conditions after tho conclusion of
the war.
* #        *
What were the conditious prevailing
prior to tho war? Are they really understood by the average person when
they refer to them? Do thoy know
that unemployment was rife through-
oat tho world, and that the suffering of
the unemployed millions in the different countries was becoming unbearable? That only through the war
activities were the workers relieved
from this suffering? That in many
places, including this coast, the manufacture of the munitions of war came>,
as a blessing, in view of the fact that
by contracts being) secured by the
manufacturers for munitions and ships,
men were able to secure employment
d to that extent were ablo to relieve
thoir sufferings, and that ever re-
mitring periods of uneployinent were
becoming more aad more acute and frequent) That this was a world condition
aud not confined to any given country?
If not thoy had better turn back their
minds to the period prior to the world
atustrophe, and tako a good look at
conditions as they were in tho years
11)13 and 1!>14, and thoy will find that
this is only a vory conservative statement as to tho conditions of the workers throughout the world.
* * *
Is it possible that any thinking person can conceive of the workers who
will be reinforced by the men who have
boen overseas and who have borne the
hardships thut are always imposed
upon a peoplo when at war, being con
tent to stand outside tho factory gate
waiting for a job? Can anyone eon
eeive of the thousands of returned men
that will bo in this country, of tho mil
lions that will be in tho old land, in
tho United States and other countries
nfter-the war is over being content to
go buck to tho conditions thut made it
aecossary for them to tramp the
streets in their vain search for the
means to earn u livelihood, and that
the women who hnve carried on in the
manufacttire of thc munitions of war
will bn content to soe theselves used,
as they huve been used in the pnst by
the employing class, and paid the lowest possible rate of wages, and used in
competition with tho men in order to
keep down thoir wages ? Will the
women be content to bo driven out of
industry, if that is possible, by the
men in the scramble for jobs, and will
they be content to soe child labor, with
all its attendant evils, continue in order that profits may be mndo for the
employing class? Wo think not, and
thinking on those linos we are compelled to come to the conclusion that there
will never be tiny going back.
.i _i        *
It may at this time, when employment is fairly plentiful, be easy to say
that tho winning of the war is the only
question for the moment, but we take
t thut if we allow that statement to
go unchallenged, und to bc content
with letting it go nt thut, that we may
be laying the foundations for trouble
the future that we do not want.
For, if tho returned men, and the workors who have carried ou during the
wur, uro not to be contont with pro-
wur conditions, then thore will surely
1)0 trouble in the Cttmp if no effort is
made to see that pre-war conditions do
not prevail after the wnr is over.
Everyone is talking nf the changes thai
aro to lake pluce ufler tlio war is eon-
eluded. Wc hoar on ovory hnnd the statement made "that capital aud labor
mast get together." But how eaa two
forces lhat are diametrically oppoaed
get together, when their economic in-
torOBt| are as far squirt as thi' poles.
To date tho only people that even
attempted to deal with reconstruction
aftor the war are tho labor organizations, the political organizations of the
workers tuking a precedence over all
others iu this respect. Wo 'ind iu tho
old laud thut the Labor Party lias a
programme of reconstruction already
drawn up which, if adopted, will go far
to prevent a return to tho conditions
prevalent before Ihe win*. In that programme the labor purty has proved
that it recognizes that the proflt system is tho cuuso of the unemployment
of (lie workors, thnt it realizes that
so long as that systom of production
exists that thero can be no chango iu
the conditions of thn common pooplo,
that until tho commodities whicli aro
necessary for the welfare of the peoplo
are produced for uso instead of profit,
that no progress can be made.
* * *
And so it must bo the world ovor.
Tho aim of lubor iu all countries is to
bring aboul a new order of society, an
ordor of society whicli has for itB
basis un industrial domocracy. TIiIb
Ctttt, however, only be brought about
hy thu elimination of the capitalist
system of production, which is foiinded
on the oriBlnvemonl of tin- working
class and their consequent misery. Mow
can it bo done? is the question, Arguments as old as the hills are brought
forward against any Interference with
tho present order, in the efforts of tho
apologists for the system to stem tho
ever-growing tide of opinion based on
tho conclusions that have been arrived
at by Ihe men Who hnve made the j
study of tho history of the human fain-,
iJv u science, and u;ho point to the in
evitable full of thc capitalistic system.
But the workers know how it can be
done. They know that by the samo
methods as the employing cluss havo
made their system n legal system of
robbery, that they can make thc robbery of the workers un illegal action,
that thoy can wipe out the system
wliich enslaves them by political
action. How and in what form that
political action will be taken cannot be
defined, for political action is any action that is necessary to be taken in
order thnt one class can gain control
of the power of the state.
* *        *
And so today we see in every land
the growing activities of the workers
along political lines. Labor parties and
Socialist parties, with tho one object i
view, that object being to chango the
mothod of wealth production and dis
tribution, are steadily gaining in mom
horship and power. True that as yet
wc havo mndo but little apparent pro
gross in this country, but future elec*
tions will show that great strides have
been mado by the workers in this province und eouutry during the last fow
years. And that while the last olection was looked upon as a defoat for
the working cIosb programme, future
elections will ahow that it was but an
incident, and that the growing consciousness on tho part of the workors
of their cluss position is going on
* v        «
And this is a question thnt tho question of winning the war cannot sidetrack, for the war itself has brought
the question of a reconstructed society
to the fore front, and haB made it the
paramount issue of the day. Prussianism must be crushed; it must bo crushed in all countries. Militarism and the
cause of it must be abolished in order
to deal satisfactorily with* tho after
war problems, and to see that the cause
of war itself is abolished, so that a
lasting peace may .ensue, und the
sacrifices now being made may be
worth whilo, so that the future generations may be forever freed from
want, pestilence and war and its consequent sufferings. And if the abolition of the capitalistic syBtem, which
uftor all the poison that is causing
the suffering of humanity, and the only
reason for the oxistence of Prussianism
and militarism, is hastened by the war,
then it will not have been in vain that
millious have died that the world may
be free.
From  the  following it would seem
that  the B.  G. E. Railway Company
will not bo alone if thoy go into bankruptcy.   But it seems to us that theso
corporutions do protest too much, ns wo
seldom see any concern with a competition proof franchise going bust.
Winnipeg, Aug. 29.—In a statement issued today   Manager   Mc-
Lomont of tho Winnipeg Electric
Ruilway Company refused to meet
the demands of the motormon ond
conductors for an increase in wages.
He says that tho increases asked
by the men would mean half a million dollars additional burden annually to the company and would
cauBe bankruptcy.
It is officially stated that the
men will apply for a board of conciliation.
If the following figures are correct*
und having hnd a little experience of
tho ever-increasing cost of living, wo
are inclined to think that at least they
are not exaggerated. It may be that
thc cause of the labor unrest in this
country is explained by thom, as they
will apply equally as well to this country ns thoy do to the United States:
A table compiled by the Burenu of
Labor shows that the purchasing power of one dollur in July, 1918, as com-
pured with July, 1913, five years previous, had shrunk to 54 cents in Washington aud Baltimore; 57 conts iu
Philadelphia; 59 cents in New York
and Chicago, and 03 eents in San Fran-
isco. Daring the five intervening
years the cost of food increased 85
per cent, in Washington; 84 per cent,
in Baltimore; 77 per cent, in Philadelphia; 68 por cent, in Now York; 69
per cent, in Chicago, and 09 per cent,
in Snn Frnncisco.
\ short strike among the brotherhood of blacksmiths in Toronto tho
other day brought good results for thoy
have received tho signatures of nine
'ending firms to the highest wage scale
yet nbtuined by nny labor organization
in tho country. The schedule culled for
an eight-hour day, time and a half until
10 o'clock at night, then doublo timo
for SUndayfl nnd holidnys. It requires
n minimum of 70 cents au hour for
blacksmiths, 80 oents aa hour for men
on heavy fires, and $1 aa hour for mon
working on the heavy forges.
Baltimore—High living costs huve
induced orgunized musicians to nsk
theatre managers for a 25 por cent,
wage increase.
A   Corrupt   Tree   Cannot
Bring Forth Good
[By W. J. Curry]
'' Modern socioty is based on the
legalized and organized robbery of the
wuge earner, and until we realize the
fact that our governments and courts,
our colleges uud churches, our news*
papers and literature aud our morals
are more or less reflection of that legal*
izod and organized robbery, all hopes
of truo civilization are but vain Utopias."—Goo. D. Herron, D. D., Ph.D.
For ages the masters and the wise
mon of the world huve taught that fun
damental falsehood, that morals and re
ligious luws and governments were
supernatural in origin, that moral codes
were absolute and "eternal," and yet
ull who consider the subject iu the light
of history nnd experience know that
those grow out of the needs of life entirely and are subject to the universal
law of change.
Today we learn from Germany and
the Allied notions thut the Bible is tne
"inspiration" and friend of the military classes, but the portions of the
holy word supporting slaughter and destruction ure not thc Golden Rule or
tho Sermon on the Mount, but rather
the records of those imperialistic invasions and Hun-like savagery of the Israelites. Golden rules are out of place
in facing a pack of wolves, a military
expedition or tho corporations and profiteers of modern society.
The trouble with mankind is the want
of understanding. Instead of class
government we need socinl administration. The truth is that instoad of education we havo a system of organized
ignorance and suppression of the vital
facts of life, because the truth would
overturn the seats of the money-changers and the exploiters in general and
free the common people from their
mental and economic bonds.
We find today that current morality
is in harmony with the material interests of those who control the economic
forcos of socioty.
This mutual growth of the political,
mental and moral institution of society
from the economic basis have given
rise to tho terms "economic deterin-
ism," and "the materialistic conception of history."
This law of social development was
first given to the world by Karl Marx
and Frederic Engols in 1848, in tho
"Communist Manifesto," in the following terms, and thiB is the key to sociology* and is oven too important to bo
mentioned by our "educators": "In
every historical epoch the prevailing
Inode of economic production forms tho
basis upon which is built up and from
whieh ulono can be explained the political and intellectual history of that
Capitalist production is to day the
prevailing mode of creating woalth,
und this is the busis of modern socioty.
These fucts go nguinst the grain of privileged classes, they teach that moral*
ity and religion in particular aro revolutions of divinity, that they are permanent and fixed. To them it is "Oh
King, livo forever," and "bo ye subject to the powors ordained by God."
Yot economic detormiuism is after all
a logical and obvious sequence.
Life is the thing we prize most, and
so food und clothing, the material
things upon which life depend, aro of
first importance. That is "good" which
givos life nnd happiness, nnd thut is
'evil und immoral" whieh brings misery aud death. It logically follows
that when our inateriul or financial interests conflict, our moral and religious
concepts must sooner or later'conflict
also. It also follows that until antagonism ceases in the collective ownership of the mnchinery of wealth production, the Golden Bule uud the Sermon ou the Mount uro but visions and
ideals, and the Nazarene would not
last long in tho inodorn church.
Toduy the world is in a state of war.
Nationa are waging tho greatest battles of history. Labor and capital are
at war, and individuals are struggling
for existence in the lubor market.
What is "good" for one side is
"bad" for another. A victory for Ger-
muny means defeat for the Allies. A
successful striko means defeat for the
omployers. Abolish tho robbery of the
producer aud wur and the exploiters
will howl with rage. There is a corresponding conflict in thc mural and intellectual world also. Morals are purely
relative and yet we are taught that tho
ten commandments given by Jehovah
through Moses aro the busis of our
morals  and  laws and  wo  see at once
There may be larger bakeries than ours but
there's none that's, turning out as good bread.
Our trade is growing weekly—simply as the result of the good bread we're turning out.
Our bread is hand-made—we put nothing but the
very best in it. That's why it tastes better—keeps
better—than ordinary bread.
Ask your grocer for Union Bakery Bread.
If he don't have it, phone Highland 2145.
Union Bakery Ltd.
Commercial Drive and 4th Avenue
Bank of Toronto
AaBets  $84,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Aeeonnt m»j be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
in the names of two or more
persona. In these accounts either
party mar sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
a family or a firm a Joint aeeonnt is
ofton a great convenience. Interest is
paid on balances.
Vaneonver Branch:
Gorier Haatinga and Cambie Streets
Branches at:
Vlotoria,   Merritt.   New  Westminster
Lime Co.
Works:   Blubber Bay
Vancouver, B.C.
Men's Signet Rings
Never boforo has there boon suoh an interest in Signet
Rings, especially by mon who like to have a ring when
'' dressed.'' Tho preforenee is for the plain, heavy stylos,
or those with a littlo engraving on the shoulder. Suitably nionogramed (and thoro aro some fine new eiamples)
thero is nothing moro acceptable as a gift than a solid
gold Signet Ring.   Inspection welcomed.
OEO. E.  TBOEET. Man. Dlr.
'The Gift House of Canada"
OranviUe and Georgia Sts.
theso were to protect property and in
dividuals nmong the "chosen people"
of Israel, nnd they did not apply to
other tribes or nations any moro than
tho morals of Germany or of the Allies today apply to the nations the Hun
or the Allies aio fighting. It depends
on "whose ox is gored."
"Thou shalt not kill" depends on
who are the victims. Baby killing is
"good" when done in sweat shopB for
profit. The children of Isreal were surrounded by hostile tribes. They were
seeking pastures for their herds and
flocks. Their objective waB "a land
flowing with milk and lionoy." That
was "good," wrick gave them economic power, and "evil" was anything
that interfered with thoir material advantage and so it is today.
If you wish to know how the Bible
may inspire and endorse the imperial
iatic methods of Germany, or any other
country, consider the fact that the following commands aro today taught in
all Christian churches to be the direct
words of the Creator and Preserver of
the Universe: "Ye shall drive out all
the inhabitants of the land from beforo
you, and yu shall dispossess tho inhabitants of the land and dwell therein.
Dent. 7th."
Of the cities of those people which
the Lord tliy God doth give thoee for
an inheritance thou shalt save alive no
thing that breatheth, but shall utterly
destroy .them.Dcut. 20th.
These commands of Jehovah to his
choson people ure but two of dozens;
some even more atrocious than theso
cited. Thou shalt not kill or steal nre
commands with limitations.
Morality is todny a mattor of class
interests. In tho opinion of the muster
class anything is "good and moral"
which preserves and promotes their property rights. But in spite of their
schools and colleges, tho church and tho
press there is a new morality todny
rapidly developing and this is in direct
conflict with many prevailing ideas,
for it grows out of working class interests, and oven represents the Now Social Order when eo-operation and brotherhood will grow naturally out of the
new economic basis, Collectivism or Industrial Democracy.
The nature of morals is well expressed by Bobt. LeMont in the following
What   i»   right,   wrong,   vice,   virtuo,
good and bad,
Mere whips to scourgo the backs
That bended bear the burden of tho
Bent backs that dare not rise
Or defy the tyrant should
And boldly, freely do the things they
In living's joy they rarely have a slime
They look beyond the grave and hope
That then- they'll be repaid, poor fools
For being "good."
To serve thy master that is "virtue"
To do thy    will    enjoy sweet life is
" vice."
Poor duty-ridden serf rebel!
Forget  thy master-taught morality,
Be brave enough to make this world a
In which the sun of joy shall never set.
Trades and Labor Oouncll
Friday, September 1, 1802
John Rumble and J. Murray (stonecutters), seated as dolegntos,
Invitation received from Nanaimo
Trndes nnd Labor Council to attend
Labor Dny celebration Snturdny, Sopt.
9; ulso one from Taeoma to take part
in Lubor Dny festivities Monday, Sept.
Vote of thanks ctxended to those
who nssisted in Lnbor Duy celebration,
held August 25.
Union tug-of-wnr teams will pull for
Oppenheimer trophy—duto fixed Inter.
Council opposed proposed exemption
if taxation of new C. P. R. depot.
Washington—By the reduction of
passenger service, the elimination of
freight trnin duplication nnd the pooling of facilities under government operation, economics amounting to $25,000,-
000 n yenr have been effected In the
northwestern operating districts, according to reports received by Director
General of Railroads McAdoo.
Don't stow nr*/ roar inn talk la
»ay old corner where lt is ln duftr
from burglm or flre.
Tho Merchants Bsnk of Cnnndn offers you perfect safety for TOU
money, nnd will give yoa fall tanking
service, whether your account la lnrga
or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
O. V. 8TAOBT, Manager
OraiTiUa and Pander
W. O. JOT, Manager
Haitingi ud OamUl
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Albert Edward
Garvuy, intend to apply for a licence to
proBpect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas, on the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted near the corner of Sixteenth Avenue and Blanca Stroet,
in the Municipality of Point Groy, thence
East eighty chains, thonoe South eighty
chains, thence West eighty chains, thence
North eighty chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, moro or loss.
Located July 10, 1918.
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Albert Edward
Garvey, intend to apply for a licence to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas, on the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted near the corner of 29th Avonue and Oamoaun Stroet, in
tho Municipality of Point Grey, thench South
oighty chains, thenco West eighty chains,
thence North eighty chains, thenco East
oighty chains, to point of commencement,
containing 040 acres, more ur Iobs.
Locatod July 19, 1918.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Albert Edward
Garvoy, intend to apply for a liconco to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas, on tbo following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted near tho corner of Blanca Streot and Slxtoonth Avenuo
{Point Grey Boulovard) In tho Municipality
of Point Groy, thence South 80 chalnB,
thence West 80 chains, thench North 80
chains, thence East 80 chalnB to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Located July 25,   1918.
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Denli Campbell, horo-
by declare my intention of applying for a
liconflo to prospect for coal, petroleum and
natural gas on tho following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at tho southwest corner of Sixteenth Avenuo (Point
Oroy Boulevard) and Blanca Drlvo, Municipality of Point Grey, New Westminster District, thenco west 80 chains, thenco north 80
chains, thenco cast 80 chains, thence south
80 chalnB to placo of commencement—containing 640 acres.
Located June 3rd. 1918.
Per Charles Goodyear, Agent.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Albert Edward Garvey, intend to apply for a licence to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gun, on the
following dcBcribed lands: Commencing at
a post planted near the southeast corner of
Block 90, District Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Grey; thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thonco east 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres moro or less.
Located Juno Srd, 1918.
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Olaronco Irvine Wei-
don, intend to apply for a licenco to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, on the
following described lands:   Commencing at a
Sast planted near the southeast corner of
Idck 90, District Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Groy; thonco north 80 chains, thonco
west 80 chulns, thence soutli SO chains,
thenco east 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more or leas.
Locatod June Srd, 1918.
Oram, Brtdfii ud Mllllfl
ntdf tho uu ihodo u m oin
utanl tooth.
Dr. Gordon
Open evenings 7:80 to  8:80.
Dental nurse ln attendanee.
Over Owl Drug Store
Phona Sey. 62S8
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
If Ton are  considering the purohue
or   uie   of   Government   or   Slunlclp.l
bondt. ootnmnnicftt. with
736 OruTlllt at.        Vuconnr. 8. O.
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
■ At the J. N. Harvey Union Clothing Stores
September Brings
the First Autumn Chill
STANFIELD'S Unshrinkable Underwear-One of the very
best lines ol' underwear manufactured in Canada—and certainly the best value.
Fine Elastic Rib at  $1.25, $1.75, $2 to $3.75
Fine Elastic Combinations at $2.50 to $7.50
Heavy Wool Shirt and Drawers, unshrinkable $3 to $4
NEW TWEED RAINCOATS-Vory dressy [or flne daySi keen
you warm ami dry whon it rains—
Prices $15, $18, $20 and $25
Union Made Overalls $1.50
Two Big Union Stores for
Men in B. C.
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Vietoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign- FBIDAT August 30, 1918
The Mainland Cigar Store
•hctti   ot. Arro   v/t-B   otbbh
The Leland Billiard Parlor
Justice a Byword and Law
Is a Lawyer's
The new store on Granville street is under the management of George Miller, so many years with the
Pioneer Cigar Factory, so that our many Union
friends may rest assured that the principles of
organization will be strictly adhered to. And don't
forget the Mainland Cigar Store gives the best value
in pipes. Thank you.
The World to Be Purified
and Reconstructed When
War Is Over
[By J, H. Hawthornthwaite, M.P.P.]
Civilization ia today experiencing a
cataclysm that is shaking its established institutions to their very foundations. It is in the melting pot, and the
acid test is being applied to all its
most cherished concepts. Its economic,
religious, juridic, financial and educational organizations are in the crucible,
and of sheer necessity will emerge from
the universal holocaust in a different
Christianize tne Workers?
Speaking on the necessity of work
among the industrial workers, Dr. Maekay, at a meeting of the Victoria Presbytery on Tuosday, said: "The Labor
forces aro going to be the ruling forces,
and if we don't Christianize them we
are going to have another Bussia."
Pine! But why not start in on the
work that lies nearest und Christianize
capital, which is now tho ruling force.
We have heard sermons to Labor in
Victorip. The texts, as a rule, are:
"Blessed are the meek," "Seek ye
first the Kingdom of Heaven, and all
theso things shall be added unto you,''
and the burden of the discourses is always the same: "Purge your hearts of
wickedness, my brethren, and all tho
rest will be added unto you." Labor
is to do the heart purging, capital will
look aftor the other part.
Armstrong, Morrison
& Company, Limited
Public Works
Office 813-815 Bower Bldg.     VANCOUVER, B. C.
Some Night After a Good Feed-
Try a VAN LOO CIQAB, Last night wc lind n dandy dinner up at my
flat and walked down to tlio boacli afterwards. I dropped into n corner
drugstore and picked tlirco of the new "throo-for-a-qunrter" VAN
And believe me, Fellows, I sure enjoyed tliem. VAN LOO is a cigar
chuck full of. friendly flavor and tho ripe bouquet of real Havana.
Another thing—I flnd I can smoke nil I want of VAN LOOS and my
nerves are steady nnd my brain is clear. Every day, smokorB who respect tlieir health ns woll ns their pleasure aro switching to VAN LOO.
A few puffs will tell you more nbout VAN LOO than I can possibly
toll you here.   Try onc—that's all I ask.    .
Made in the Big UNION FACTORY
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
form and purified from the dross of
the ages. The theory of the divine
rights of kaisers, kings, sultans, emperors and other potentates has already
been challenged, and tho peoples wonder whence it eame. It is indeed a reed
shaken in the wind. The spectacle of
the modern self assumed sponsors for
the Nazarene inviting a blessing upon
the moans of human destruction employed by their own countries as
against all others opposing has convinced millions that so far as churches are
concerned, there is truly "something
rotten in the state of Denmark."
Politicians, statesmen and representatives are with gleeful malice, tearing
tho mask of hypocrisy from each
other's faces, and the bewildered
masses are finding truly that their idols
have foet of clay.* The fighting men of
nearly all nations have been armed to
the teoth with the most terrific and
horrifying weaponB of extirpation ever
conceived by the brain and formed by
the hand of man, and are bade to kill,
maim, dismember and overcome all
those who oppose or who are opposed to
their rulers or their views. Finance,
save thc mark, is performing strange
feats that moan all too surely that at
the end it too must be as now conceived
a thing of the paat.
Whence   comes   this   tragedy,   nnd
whoso the hand that fired or the mind
thnt conceived this conflagration!   The
Emperor   of   Gormany   did   all   these
things!    True, his was tho hand that
pulled the trigger, or lit the torch, or
started the nvalanche.   But a fool can
destroy a dam or fire a magazine or
launch a torpedo.   Not all the kaisers,
kings   or   potentates   on   earth   could
bring about or start this cataclysm had
not the conditions been right, the fruit
rotten and ready to drop, the magazine
been already smouldering.   Some great
hidden force, some underlying and irresistible power which with inconceivable strongth dominated all society and
governed  with secret  and mysterious
might all human institutions and unknowingly   dominated   the   minds   of
men!    Who could have created the necessary conditions nnd brought about
this   final   catastrophe?     Tho   kaiser!
Pitiful maniac, hopeless ruffian and unscrupulous knave though he is, he had
not tho power to do all thoso things,
willing  enough  though  he  may  hnvo
been.    The hidden force that secretly
and silently for agos hag been nt work,
a force as relentless as death, and as
powerful as life also, the force thnt in
all physical life and human affairs that
alone could and did bring about this
final catastrophe is the insuperable, unconquerable, and overwhelming force of
evolution.   It is possible thnt somctimo
evolution will hnve completed its work,
nnd a condition of stable equilibrium
may arrive.   It is possible, and even
probable, that somewhere, and in some
things in this universe, such a condition
obtains.   It is possible, and even probable   thnt   in   human   affairs   man's
intelligence will so develop that to a
limited extent at lenst he can conquer,
control nnd guide thnt grent power.
Nevertheless ho can be assured that
no matter how wisely he builds, how
cunningly he schemes, that just so long
ns the foundntions of thc edifice he endeavors to construct are in themselves
untrue or unfair or rotton, naught but
ultimate disaster awaits him and his
futile plans.
Tho Church of Christ was originally
it communistic organization. Its members has a common purse, a common
bers hnd a common purse. The latter
was summed up in the soul satisfying
and all-embracing creed embodied in
these few words: "Do unto othors ns
yo would that they should do unto
The church has travelled far
of life and thc simpler, truer teaching
of the Carpenter, it will never again be
a force for anything but evil, and a
useful tool in the hands of those rulers
who desire to use it.
Who believes today in justice or lawf
Justice has become a byword in the
street, and law is regarded as the law
yers' trick. Our governments are corrupt and brutal, our ■ political parties,
which support them, are by their own
exposures, unworthy longer of confidence. It has been asserted by our own
students and scientists that all human
institutions are but a reflex to some
etxent at least of the methods by which
we live. Por instance, the original
Christian church had a common table,
and *a common purse. Every man, woman and child in the organization were
helped out of that comon purse, according to their need. Every one worked
who could, and contributed all to the
common purse. The ethics of such an
organization must of necessity be pure,
its concepts of justice the highest. In
other words, its ethics were a reflex of
its economle basis. Modern society has
a very different economic base. We do
not produce food and clothing, the necessaries and luxuries of Ufe for the
purpose of benefiting, helping or protecting eaeh other. These things are
produced today practically entrierly to
allow one section of society, one class
to make profit out of the operation.
This class of society, by virtue of that
great privilege, has become in all countries, a ruling class. The process haB
been slow but sure. Tho desires, views,
education and ethics of all the rest of
socioty, that iB the masses, have been
subordinated to the will of that ruling
class. Further, they are a reflex of the
mode of produetion.
The means necessary for the establishing this system of wealth production were at firBt crude. The simple
hand tools of tho older methods of production were sufficient to launch on
earth a system that for cold, calculating and merciless robbery of the toilers,
has never been surpassed in human bis-'
tory. The more merciless and mean,
becauso hidden by the trick of the
wage system. Look back over the history and condition of the world during
the past few hundred years. Child labor (the savage never exploited a
child), the sweat shops, tho workhouses, the liquor traffic. All for profit,
my Christian friends! The white slave
traffic, also for profit, ye whited sepulchres. The ghastly slums with their
half starved millions, a necessary condition for the produetion of profit, yo
lenrned ones, the bloody trade wars,
and the ceaseless, endless, thankloss,
soul destroying toil of the broken workers.
The institutions of wealth production
were simple enough at the start, but
heavens! how tbey havo grown and
multiplied! The anvil has become the
rolling mill nnd steel plant, the spinning wheel the power loom, the axo and
hand sow the pinning and sawmill, and
so on. The mighty triumphs of civilization! The splendid nchievements of
the modern system of production! And
tho results. It is doubtful if all these
wonders of mechanism, theBe glories of
engineering and inventive skill havo
lightened the burden placed upon the
back of the toilers one iota.
The system was founded from itB
very innuguration upon the daily robbery of the worker. The tree ib known
by its fruits. What could Buch a system, such a tree, produce other thnn
it has produced? Wheji originated the
lawa of its evolution Were set in motion. Tho profits nf the ruling clnss or
employing class woro nt first small as
wore the instruments    of   production
Millions Suffer by Hand of
Inhuman Band of
Festering Mass of Misery in
Slums of All Great
[By Max Eastman]
I assert  that  the  control   of   our
thinking on ethical questions by minds
enslaved  to tradition and priestcraft
is an unmitigated curse to the race,
The   armory   of   science   Is   full   of
weapons whieh might be used to slay
the monsters of disease and viae—but
these weapons are not allowed to be
employed, sometimes not even to be
mentioned.   Consider the misery whieh
is piling itself up in the slums of our
great cities—the degenerate, tbe defective, the insane, who are multiplying
as never before in history.   There exists a perfectly harmless and painless
method of sterilizing the hopelessly unfit, so that they can not reproduce their
hopeless unfitness; but religion objects
to this operation, and so the law does
not make use of thiB knowledge.   There
exists a simple, entirely harmless, and
practically costless method of prevent*
ing  conception,   which   would  enable
us to check the blind and futile fecundity of Nature, and to multiply as
gods instead of as animals.   Consider
the fostering mass of misery in the
slums of our great cities; consider the
millions of terrified,   poverty-hounded
women, bearing one half-nurtured infant after nnother, struggling desperately to feed and caro for thom, and
seeing them  drop into the grave as
fast as they are born—until finally the
mother, worn out with the Sisyphean
labor, gives up and follows her misbegotten offspring. Consider how many
womon, in their agony    and   despair,
make use of the methods of thc primitive savage, to escape from Nature's
curse of fecundity.   Dr. Wm. J. Robinson has estimated that in the United
States alone there are a million abortions evory year; and consider that all
this    hideous    mass    of    suffering—a
bloody  European   wnr  going on continually, unheeded by any newspaper
correspondent—might be   avoided   by
the use of a simplo sterilizing formula,
which we are not permitted to give!
Tke Federation of   Catholic   Societies
have placed a law upon   the   statute
books of the American nation, and of
nil the states bb well; the whole power
of the police courts and jails is at the
service of religious bigots, and a young
girl is sent to prison and forcibly fed
with a tube through the nose for telling poverty-ridden slum-women how to
keep from becoming pregnant!
And go among tho Blcek, cynical men
of tho world, the judges and district
attorneys, the commissioners of correction and doctors who perpetrated this
infamy undor n so-callod "reform
administration in New York City—nnd
To Forget
is human nature and it's also
human nature to blame the
other fellow for not reminding you. Weill We're not
going to let yon blame us, io
well tell yon Btraight we're
Ford Suits
in PALL STYLES right
now; the finest suits tho eity
shows, custom made suits of a
quality unsurpassable. They
are made with such care and
thoroughness that no other
house attempts. As working
men to working men we want
you to understand that our
suits are built by expert workers and made to give long
wear and that comfortable
feel only found in well-made
custom suits.
WOMEN'S, 146, |50, ISS, 160
ITS, 136, MO, MS, ISO
i Hastings
St. West
In assuming exclusive control ef unskilled labor recruiting and supply for
war industries, the United States employment service of the department of
Labor, makes it clear that no element
of compulsion will be used in this work.
Whilo the employment service will direct tho work where he can best serve
the nation, the employee's acceptance
of such work will be in every case a
voluntary matter.
The department of Labor report that
there wore thirty-nine strikes in Canada
last month aid these involved a loss of
nenrly 125,000 working days. Thero
were 15,842 people affected by these
strikes, while in June there were only
"u strikes and a loss of 40,029 working
__ys. Fifteen of these strikes were
still undetermined last week.
But  the   vice  of profit  hunting grows  whnt tin ,V„,77i.^'t   -u '__'"_ ir,"    	
with indulgence like nny. othtr \ice. , n'*Xr Jfc V" *,"* thluS J™
The instruments had to bo improved, ' ^fj'/fe th°T° VM,.«M Td
the hours had to be lengthened, the Si-HIZ b,rt.h;Contro1 ™lth their
pace had to be accelerated. The or- S ™J Zl ™si™ "»■ ™" second
gnnizafcon hnd to be improved, and beoS 2?, !i li **■*♦, th°t_ *** uto*
all this has been accomplished. It hnd Kh Z_ ll ™th _°th°r JftWS
been better for the ruling class of all 2&*' Yn.^ll r i^TSi. °f °"'
..„*:...... >* • ,.__..    ,   P.        ...  . irorcuig.    You  will find that they aro
not at all afraid of the religious tn
from thnt mode of life, and hence from
tlmt creed. It is not now at tlio very
least blessing its enemies. Its tomple
is today engulfed in the general flood.
It lias travelled far aud fast, but until
    „«-.-,-.   *„.    .«u   luJiug   union   ut   an
nations if inventions had been halted
centuries ago. With the simple tools,
the workors toil as long as they might,
and did produce but little surplus
value, and the world was wide and the
markets empty. But the railroads, the
steamships, the telegraph and telephone, have made the world one workshop, one counting house, onc market.
The magnificent and gigantic tools of
production today operated by the
driven slaves of the profiteering clnss
have glutted the world mnrket, God!
what a profit for the frenzied exploiters! Machinery to flood the world
market with unpaid surplus value. Millions of anxious slaves begging and
craving for permission to produce it!
But the markets are overstocked. The
mnrkct is overstocked and cnn everlastingly be overstocked by a fow
months of operation. Evolution, the
great hidden and mysterious force,
lias done its work and done it well.
And then the hungry nnd prowling
wolves of commerce ask themselves
who shall go to the wall?" Secretly
they arm and drill hosts of tlieir obedient, soulless, brainless slaves for the
inevitable conflict. The floodgates of
hell are now at lust lot loose. It matters not nt all whoso linger pulled the
first trigger, touched off tho first lire
fuse. It all was inevitable from tlie
start, from tlie very eommoncemont of
tlie system of production for proflt.
Il  tins to go as must every system
■boos; they are afraid of the religious
vote—and even more they are afraid of
the campaign contributions of swont-
shop manufacturers and landlords, who
ennnot see what would become of
prosperity if the women of the slums
were to cense to breed. So once more
we discover the wolf in sheep's clothing, the trader, making use of Tradition-worship; hiding behind the skirts
of devout old maiden aunts nnd grandmothers, who repeat the instructions
whicli God gave to Adam and Kve,
"Bo fruitful nnd multiply and replenish the earth." As if God were blind
as a Fifth Avenue preacher, and could
see no difference between the Garden
of Eden, full of fruits that grow and
all creatures that run and fly and
swim, and a modern East Side tenement-room, with an oil stove and no
windows and no wuter-olosel, and the;
price of cabbage seven cents a pound! j
the day it returns to its original methods vised by the brain nf mun that is not Kj
Open for Regular Business
Tomorrow, Friday, Aug. 30
clean od
tho best
stock in
I HE moss in oui* storo caused by tlio big lire is n
up. Our now fall slock is now complcto with a
goods that could be bought—tho largest higli-grod
No finer flcoce ever grew on a sheep's back—and the sheep
that owned the fleece would hang its beadl in shame if it could
only know how cheap we are selling its product.
Wc have a large stock of Boys' Suits in all sizes and pal-
terns, in goods that, wear like iron—just tho thing for school
Boys' Suits from $4.95 up
Men's Fancy Tweeds and Worsted Suits from... $13.00 up
Our clothes fit your figure—and our ligure lits your purse.
Columbia, S, 0.—Failing to break off
the strike of its textile  workers, the
Swift Spinning mills made a BUCOOSBful
appeal to Governor Dorsoy to send the
militnry to tliis city under tho plea of]
existing violonco.    Ai n mass mooting
of citizens, the governor wns asked tol
order the return of the soldiers to their)
enmp as existing   conditions did  not
warrant theh' presence   The mill own-
"~s have seeured an Injunction agninsl
•ganizor Thomas of lho Dnited Textile Workers rest raining hhn frqm attempting to unionize these workers.
Evorott, Wash.—Tho Everett Trndes'
Council don't fnvor the suggestion sub*
mlt ted ht members of Mie Loyal Legion
of Loggflrs and Lumbermen, thnt they
Work ten hours n day instead of eight
I hours. The unionists oppose surrender '
ing tlieir recently secured shorter work
day, nud see in this proposition "the
gpocloiiS motive of mill owners to return in the ton-hour day." instead of
putting on another eight-hour shift.
Hritish c.Hipenilrve soeieties did a
business of ever $800,000,000 last year.
Patronize B, C. Fcderutinnist  advertisers, and tell them win* vou do sn.
founded upon the principle of common
weal. It is it mighty and a world-wide]
ebnllttgrutlou* Evon now the proflt
monger amidst these awful scenes enn-'
nol control for a moment his cursed
lust. Willi blood Stained hnnds lie \n
endeavoring even now to wring from
llie ngonlos of the dying, from tlie
sacrifice of the mothors of all the nations, from tlie very Mood of tho
hemes, his profits.
This so-ealli'd civilization is going j
down. Wilh it will disappear all Its |
institutions, its kaisers, czars, potentates, eiipitnlists, churches, colleges,
professors, courts of law. lawyers, politicians—the whole accursed brood mufti
md will disappear in its ruins.
What will bo the new edihYe? Let
I hose uf US who survive see that it is
t'tnnided on the rock of justice and humanity,    The future   will   then   take
e of Itsolf.
Otasd Reopening
"Cheating Cheaters"
A Sensational Mystery Comedy
Don't fail to see this play.
Prices 16c, 36c and 50c
New Tork—The annual report of the
American Hide and Leather Oompany
for the Inst fiscal year, shows a clear
profit above fixed profits of $2,386,813.
This iB an increase of $622,863 over the
previous year.
The Federationist is read by over
30,000 people each week. This should
be an incentive for business men to use
the Federationist as an advertising medium.
** hit wan
amt.it Act in VudnlUi
Tw.ity-i.wn P«pl»—OthT Ble Futurw
Matinee 3!80
Evening* .8:20
Royal White Chinook
tt is a salmon—ono of the finest fish—fried, boiled, stuffed or
baked. Try it as a Spanish bake, placed in tho pan with sliced
onions and tomatoes, tjien in a hot oven, it's simply great,
l^iiie for canning.
8c per lb. Whole Fish, 10>/_c per lb. Cut
Cured Fish Specials
Smoked Black Cod, per Ib.
Smoked Salmon, per lb.	
B. C. Haddie, per lb.	
Mr. Sherman wants thc farmers to come in and sell theii)
produce direot to the consumer at the City Market.
Come in or write at onco. A. H. SHERMAN,
City Market.
Canadian Food Control License No. 9-8788
Smax Bread
"SMAX"--an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
FRIDAY. August 30, IMS
"Twin Shoe Stores"
Through Specialization
You Secure Improved Fit
TiT HEN you consider the unbelievably
" high percentage of rejections made
in the U. S. A. army draft, because of "disabled feet," then will you realize the great
necessity of "treating your feet right" and
securing for them a proper fit.
Such a service is offered to you in our exclusive men and women's shoe stores, with
their individual shoe specialists and a last
for every foot.
"Twin Shoe Stores"
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near OemWe Street
__ Exclusive Store for
An Exclusive Store for
Two million women are -working on
farms in the United States, of whom
780,000 are under the ago of twenty.
IXL Laundry
Co. Ltd.
Phone Fairmont 516
130—5th Ave. West
Vailcouver, B. C.
The man who takes no thought of tomorrow will wake up some morning and
find it yesterday.
Knitting Co.
78 Dufferin Street East
Vancouver, B. C.
Makers of Quigley-
Quality Knitted Garments, Sweater Coats,
Bathing Caps, Mufflers,
An Open Letter to tbe "Nice People"
Editor B. C. Fefleratinist: By the
"nice people," of course, I menn you
and your father nnd mother, and sisters
and brothers, and dear grandma, with
her silvery hair, and grandpa, with his
silver-knobbed stick and his gaiters and
well-pressed tweeds; and the dear vicar,
and, of course, all tho dear boys and
all your set and all the kind of people
one meets at the D. 0. E,, and the Sod
Cross and so on, who aren't quite—you
know what I mean. But, of course, in
war-time, one must know everybody.
You know, dont' you know.
Well, of course, you are all in the
war, aren 't yoa? We all are. Of course
I don't mean you aro all in the midst
of the blood and horrorB of battle, but
though you are not there in the body,
you are in the spirit—you are behind
the boys—your brothers, husbands,
sweethearts—backing them up, encouraging them, one might Bay "siccing"
them on. And why? Well, the daily
papers have mado it very clear to you,
even if you were not absolutely sure
about it in the oarly days. You are in
it for the glorious cauBe of freedom and
democracy, and for the freeing and
avenging of an oppressed and downtrodden people.
It is wonderful how democracy has
changed its meaning these last few
years. You nre all for democrayc, now
aren't you? About five years ago, when
you saw tho word Democracy, you
somehow saw n picture of a naBty,
rough, bellowing crowd breaking windows nnd things. But it doesn't mean
that now does it? It means—well, oh,
everything that England means—our
noble sailor king, our gallant soldier
boys, the smiling homos of England. I
can't explain just what I moan, but
every nice Britisher knows. You are
not in thc war for any selfish reasons,
but just for theee three great ileads,
Freedom, Democracy and Justice for
the oppressed. And most of you hope
that this i§ to bg the war ttat will end
But in spite of tho extreme care
which our president takes to keep such
things in the underworld where they
belong, one cannot help sensing rather
thnn actually knowing that in that disturbing underworld, there aro the makings of another great war, this time
between the working classes nnd their
mnsters. Of course, one hopes that in
the event of such a war it will be a
bloodless one; but unfortunately most
of those who are going to tako part in
it, although a few years ago many of
them had never killed anything bigger
than a wasp, havo been to school. They
have learnt to look upon blood and
slaughter as the normal thing, in enses
of disputes. It is wonderful how quickly one's point of view changes is it
A few yenrs ago you all shuddered
Vancouver's Leading
Picture Theatres
SHOWING the leading screen stars—presenting the strongest and best films offered—*
good music—entertainment that is enjoyable,
interesting and instructive.
Granville Street Just South of Robson
Hastings Street    Between Carrall and Abbott
Maple Leaf
Granville Street
Corner Smythe
At the Globe
Week of Sept. 2—Elsie Ferguson in "The Doll's House"   *
Week of Sept. 9—Sergeant Empey in "Over the Top"
Week of Sept. 16—Mary Pickford in 'How Could You, Jane?'
Week of Sept. *23—Wallace Reid in "The Firefly of France"
Week of Sept. 30—Pauline Frederick in "Sappho"    •
Special—Official British, French and American war department films reviewing the Allies' drive week by week.
Pictures that are right up to the minute on events at the
At the Columbia
Sept. 2, 3 and 4—Special engagement of Leslie Grossmith in
high-class monologues, sketches and musical numbers.
Added attraction—Earl   Williams in "The Stolen Treaty."
At the Maple Leaf
Week of Sept. 2-'Draft 258'—Week of Sept. 9-"Blue Jeans"
All These Theatres are Union Houses
w\—W         Wml—_\
r   __m
ftj%      -*___f_
'■'"■'■■v'rv ''::'*|8F
r*v a__
**.       jw
■ _____ X-
President Ladies Auxiliary No. lib, Interna tional Association of Machinists, Vancouver,
B. 0. I*'-* -
with horror when you heard of the hor-,
rible acts of the militant suffragettes,
and most nice people would have nothing to do with a movement that could;
tolerate such violent methods as bronk-
windows and disturbing public
meetings, however worthy the ultimate
ends might be. We have gone a long
wny since then, have we not?
Well, as I was saying, these men are
at a new school in Europe, which in
their recess time niight be designated
as a great workingmen's Clintauqun;
for they do not fight all the time; nnd
doubtless they get together in their
spare hours and pool their experiences
and grievances. Quite a number of
them will not be killed, and though the
boys are all behaving so splendidly ovor
there, one doesn't know what will happen when they come back. Por a time i
the mere being home again will bc like
Heaven, and it will be nice being petted by kind ladies and called noble heroes and being asked to garden parties
and having vocational training and
cork legs and "seats for returned boI-
diers only," nnd hundred-nnd-Bixty-acre
fnrms that require only one man's lifetime labor to mnke life worth living on
them, and so on; but all these luxuries
will pall in time. War will have unsettled them; and thc stnte of being "unsettled" iB a move-iBh ono. When you
hnve once cut loose from a steady eight-
hour day nnd bo much "per," you
don't "get the habit" again easily.
Tlie habit these working men will have
got, however, will be tho fighting habit.
As I heard one sny: "When we've done
our bit for tho bloomin' country, then
we'll do a bit on our own."
Do you begin to see what I mean?
If this workingmen's wnr or revolution
Bhould come nlong, thc slogans once
more will be identically the same as we
have now: '' Freedom from the rule
of tyrants; democracy and justice for
the oppressed." The new kaiser will
be Kaiser Capital, and the armies of
thc Allies will be the proletariat of
Europe and America. How about it,
dear people? We look towards you.
The new war will, we sincerely trust,
bo a bloodless one, but even if not, you
will, of course, stick to your old watchwords —'' Freedom, Domocracy and
Justice for the Oppressed," and help
the new Allies fight old Kaiser- Capital until he is trampled aB flnt to enrth
ns all now hope to sec Germnny trampled. Needless to say, none of you will
turn pacifist when the new war looms
on us; for as you know, from the daily
papers, even if Colonel Roosevelt hnd
not told us so the other day, "all pacifists nre thc eneniies of righteousness."
Dear, "nice people,' 'as I said before,
"we look towards you."
British Labor Take Fart
In Building for Future
(Continued from page 3)
The Hon. F. B. Carvell, Minister of
Public Works at Ottawa, has tho following to say in the daily press:
"There is likely to be untold suffering in the country next winter for lack
of conl. The situation is thnt miners
nre working only njtout 75 per cent, of
the time, and getting Bach big wagei
that they can afford to loaf the rest-of
the time. There are industrinl plants
iu Cnnada which do not know where
their power is coming from next winter. This applies tn steel plants. What
is the remedy? 1 would put 10,000 Chinamen at work in eonl mines, steel
plants and rail construction gangs, put
them whore they enn be segregated,
and of course hnve them indentured to
go back when the war is over. This is
what they nre doing in Englnnd nnd
Frnnce. Why not in Canada? There is
time enough between now and next
winter to do a lot, and produce sufficient fuels to obviate a very threatening
situation. It may not be popular to advocate such action ns I do, but this is
no time for pussy-footing."
The above gives one the impression
thnt the minister haB boen listening to
the fniry tales of the coal field manipulators and other profiteers. Any excuse
to get a horde of ChineBe labor into the
country at the present time seems to be
thc sole aim and object of the mnny
individuals who have been "pussy footing" with legislation for many years.
If miners, or nny other clnss of lnbor,
nre idle ut the present time, it is on nc-
count of a strike cnused by the damnable conditions under which these men
nre forced to work. Only last week 500
miners in the Edmonton district went
on'strike in order to try and obtain better food and cleaner bunkhouses. It
was not even a question of wuges, although many strikes aro caused on account of the low wages. Miners have
been forced time nnd time ngnin to
strike in order to tarn a mine from n
death trap into a somewhat snfe place.
does not extonil beyond the horizon
of the present system. As a clnss they
aro mentally, morally and if it came to
a showdown, economically bankrupt. If
there is any real wealth in Canada it
lies in you, the working mon nnd tho
working women. The wealth of tho
country is in proportion to your value
to your owners. Thore is no wealth
but your life and if your life wore
your own you would bo rich indeed.
How do you live? By Belling your
life. If I buy a thing it is mine. If
I buy a working man eight hours for
live dollars, who docs his life belong
to during that time? Who owns what
he produces during that period? Can
he claim it? Tomorrow the working
people of Canada will go to work. The
moment they step on thc job thoy be
como the proporty of the master class.
During the day they will produce a
vast quantity of wealth. Who will it
bolong to? It will bolong to those
who, for the time being at least, owned the workors who produced it. Thus
we soe that the wealth passeB clean
out of the hands of those whose labor
brings it forth.
Tho workers receive wages. That
is to say thoy get nn order that
enables them to obtain a portion of
what they have produced. The difference between whnt thoy receive and
what they have produced goes to
somebody else for nothing. All this is
legal and in accordance with thc laws
of the land. Tho working class has produced everything. What does the working class own?   Docs it own itself?
The trade union movement must rise,,
to a relizntion of the glorious undortak- j
ing which it is called by history to embark upon. It must take itB part in the
great struggle that will sot the whole
world free. There is no need for hard
times after the war. If wc own our
moans of lifo we shall be better off
than ever we dreamed of being. There
is no need for the soldier's widow or
his children to lack nnything. There is
no need for the crippled workman or
the crippled warrior to ever wnnt, and
if the workers unite politically nnd enp-
ture the reinB of power they cnn easily
enact those laws that will bring into existence the new social order that necessity demands.
Our brothers in the old land are moving; the workers of every country are
being movod by forcos greater than
they themselves understand. Tho master class haB certain objects,- but there
iB one thing it has never taken into
consideration, and that is you. It does
not give you credit for possessing th.
knowledge you m'ast possess in order to
supersede its regime by one of your
own. The muster class has no concep*
tion of the thousands of working men
who burn the midnight oil in order to
get a sound grasp of the renl situation,
it does not know that slowly and steadily tho foundation has been laid for a
world wide liberty. It does not know
what we know, that the working class
is now the only really educated class,
Hundreds of years of toil and suffering
has taught our cluss one thing and that
is that the only friend upon which it
can depend is itself. Armed with this
knowledge, the workers of Canada are
marching sido by side with the toilers
of the motherland. The dispossessed is
coming into its own. The world for
the workers is becoming the cry ami
who shall prevent them from taking
possession) They may make mistakes,
but we'll stand togother, through wenl
or woe, until we reach the promised
land. There can be no turning back,
thoro is no way to move but forward,
and it iB now, "quick march."
The working claBB now possesses many
faults, but when it moves in its own interest, it has none. The interests of the
tvorking class are now the interests of
humanity as a whole. Tho task is a
gigantic one, the task of binding up the
wounds of suffering millions and rebuilding, out of tho mnturinls provided
by painful experience, a fallen world.
And while thc war is still on, and
must be concluded before any reconstruction cnn take place, it is well for
the workers to study the tendency of
the times in order to bo ready for the
time when, with autocracy and militarism crushed in Central Europe, the people can turn their attention to a work
whicli must be nccomplishcd to make
tlie world freo.
Life's battles are not always won by
the strong or the swift, but sooner or
later thc man who wins is the ono who
thinks he cnn.
During .lanuniy 110,000 applied for
work to the New York State Bureau
and posts were fo.md for 8000 of them.
Editor Skemp of the I'liiiiter and Decorator, says the United States Supreme Court's nullification of the federal child labor Inw ''has brought
thinking people to a realization of the
folly and absurdity of permitting fivo
fossilized law tailors of Tooley street
to tie the hands of congress, defy public opinion, and outrage the Bocial conscience."
Carpenters' White Overalls, $2.75
This is the best made and best designed Overall for carpenters on the
market today. Made with two hip and two front pockets, swing aprons
with six pockets, and special safety rule pocket at side. Made of full
weight 10-ounce duck and with double knees.
Khaki Dust or Warehouse Coats
A coat for warehousemen and drivers and the man who works around hiB
own car. Easy to put on and off and protect* your clothes. Made ;of
strong twill khaki cloth, with pockets and side slashes. Sizes 34 to 44(
at $8.00
Men's English Worsted Trousers, $7.50
These come in one shade and pattern only, a medium grey, in a fine stripe.
No other store can match the make and quality under $10 a pnir, and in
most storeB more.   Sizes from 32 to 44.   Price ". $7.60
Worsted Trousers, $5.75
This trouser is equally* ob good a voluo as our $7.50 lino. They are made
of genuine English --worsted in a two-tone stripe and a medium grey
shade.   Special value at  $6.75
Children's Classic Shoes at a Saving
Based on todny's wholesale cost theBe Shoes are worth nearly a dollar a
pair moro than tho price we ask. Thoy aro a bargain that every parent
should make an effort to secure. Gunmetal, vici kid and patent colt
leathers, button and blucher lace styles, all the famous "Classic" make.
HisMB 11 to 2;  prico $3.86
Sizes 8 to 10;  price $3.46
HizeB 4 to 7% J price $2.86
—First Floor, East Wing
To membera of any union In Canada a
special rato for The Fedorationist, $1.26
per year—If a club of 10 or more Is sent in.
Dealer.   In   New   ud   Second-hand
Largo   assortment  of   Men's   Secondhand Clothing,  good aa new.
Men's HatWrs and Outfitters
•80 Oranvllle Street
«19 Hasting! Street Wut
Opposite Libor TtmpU
—Headquartera for Ltbor Man-
Rates—75o and #1.00 par day.
94.00 por weok and np.
Oaf* at B-Moaatna Bataa
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotela and residences
Piano Moving
Ftone ai day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
aer. 404-M Union Station
Mined on FwUe Court
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Mr. 1800        1629 Main Stawt
Refined Servioe
One Block weat of Court Honm-
Ub« of Modern Chapel' and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Beymour 8426
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Flnt Creamy Lather
and Doei Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In Mttah OttamUa
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, E. Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh; secretary and buslnesi
agent, V. R. Mldgley; treasurer, F. Knowles;
isergeant-at-anns, J. L\ foolo; trustees, J.
'" MoVety, J. Hubblo, A. J. Crawford, W.
Meets second Monday In the month. Presl-
tni.  Geo.  Bartley; aeoretary,  R. H.  Nee-
P.O. Boi 66,	
tional Union of America, Local No. 120—
.■■■tf** second and fourth Tuesdays In tha
..th, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
„. E. Horritt;  eecretary, S, H. Grant, 820
Cam bio atroot.	
No.  617—MeetB overy second  nnd fourth
tulny  evening,   8 o'clock,   Lnbor Temple.
■sident,   Wm.   McKeiisio,  phone  Fairmont
J2L; financial BL-crotary, Q. Thum, 6 Duf-
i-in street cast; recording secretary, J. It.
mpbell;   busim-sn   ugent,   Walter   Thoitins,
208, Labor Temple.    Phone Soy. 7495.
and   Iron   Ship   Builders   and Helpers of
morica,  Vancouver Lodge No. 194—-Meeta
evory Monday, 8 p.m.   Preaident, M. A. Mc-
Eacborn,   1246  Alberni St.;  secretary-tress-
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; business
t, Ii. Cummins, Boom 212 Labor Temple.
Meets .
Room !
uror, ,
Loal 28—Meets every first Wednesday in
tho montb at 2.30 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p-m. Preaident, Harry Wood; secretary and business
agent, W. Mackensle, Room 209 Labor Temple.    Pbone Sey. 1881.   Offloe hoars:   11 to
12 noon; 2 to 6 p.m.	
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meots evory Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J, R. Flynn, 810 Uoodie
street, New Westminster; vico-president, D.
Hodges; secretary-treasurer and bnsiness
agent, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7495.
—MeetB in Room 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
secretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Temple; finan-
I clal secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assistant Becro^y^F.R^ Burrows.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8862—Offloe and hall, 804
Pender Street West. Meeta every Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, A. Reed.
I. b. A., LOCAL 88-52. AUXILIARY—
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova East,
MeetB flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 643—Meeta
flrat and third Tuesdays of eaeh montk,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. President, Chas. P.
Hufglna; recording secretary, J. Summers;
flnanclal secretary and business agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer street.
America (Vancouver and vicinity).—
Branch meets second and fonrth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, J.
Banfortb, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East; ,
flnanolal secretary and tuisinesB agent, H. 8.
Nightscales, 276—58th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording secretnry, E. Westmoreland,   3247   Point Grey road.    Phone  Bay*
view 2979L. 	
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 38A, Series
5—Meots the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m, President, J.
Sully; financial secrotary, M. A. Rhelps;
business agont and corresponding secretary,
W. Lee. Office, Boom 219-220, Labor
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple,   aecond and fonrth  Wednesdays at 8 p.m.    President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording secretary  ,A.  V.   Lofting,  2661  Trinity   street,
l'hono High.   166R;  financial seeretary ana
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce comer Prior and Main streets.
I     feurs Union, Local No. 655—Meets overy
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.    President,
W. M. Brown; business ngent, J. F. Poole,
245—19th Ave.  Enst.    Phone Fair.  2109X,
:   Financial    secretary,    Mort    Showier,    1120
I   Robson   St.    Phone Soy.  5079.    Offlco,   567
:   Homer St.
lust Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Pre*
Hlileitt, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda,
Box 66.
annual convention In January. Eieouttvn
offlce™, 1018*19: Preildent, Dincnn McCal-
lum, Lnbor Temple, Vancouver; viw-presl.
5,ll.*!,"™,;!!1""m' rahat, Wnlter Bend.
South Wellington; Victorin, J. Taylor; Prince
8Spe!!,'Jv* E* Tbompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W.Jt. Trotter i New Weitmlmter, P.
Peeblea; Weet Kootenay, Me™. Hnrtta,
Nelson; Crowe NeBt Pile, W. A. Shermnn,
fernle. Secretnry.treninrer, A. 8. Welle,
Lnbor Temple, 405 Dunemulr itreet, Van.
couver, B. 0.
_______ B, 0.
Labor Council—Meete flret nnd third Wednesdays, Knights of l'ythiee Hnll, North
I'nrk street, nt 8 p.m.- President, B. Sim*
moils; vice-president, T, Donley; secretary*
treaKurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 803,
Victoria, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, No. 878, C. M. W. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday in evory montb 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall. President, Jas. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jas. Fearon; flnanclal leoietary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Rich*
PjUgffB BOPEBT, B.  0.
Conncil—Meets socond and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpentera' hall.
Preaident, 8. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Bupert, B, 0.
BEY. 7498
APTBE 6 p.«.--8BT. 74B7K FBIDAT. August 30, 1918
New Arrivals in
Solid Gold Jewelry
■ —~~,-----—^^^~~~"^~"^,
Including a splendid assortment of Gold Brooches, Cameos,
Lavalliers, Rings, Men's Waldemar Chains and Cuff Links, ete.
The prices all read like unprecedented values.
cameos and colored stones, set in solid and filigree mountings
absolutely new in design, at prices from $3.00 to $18.00
BIRTHSTONE RINGS at $2.00 and $2.25
CAMEO RINGS at $3.50 and $5.00
ONYX RINGS, set with pearls, prices $3.75 to $10.00
ONYX RINGS, set with diamonds, price $12.50
CULTURED PEARL RINGS, prices $8.75 to $12.75
10-K SIGNET RINGS at $1.00 to $7.50
MEN'S CUFF LINKS at $4.00 to $5.00
—Main Floor.
CANADA FOOD BOARD LICENSES:   8-1*181, 8*4590, 10-M35, 11-108
_. ifttMWUW *IW        MSWSSTS.jgaSlsC.WMI MHW>fH»W - \  ^^J
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up ....
...$ 25,000,000
" 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits. $ 15,000,000
Total Assets „...$360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiah Weit
Alio branchet in London, England, New York Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Comer Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Comer Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
Ono dollar opens an account, on which interest is paid half-yearly at
'current rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
0. W. PRAZEE, Vanconver,
Supervisor for B.O.
—tbey can't keep fit to do the work for wblch Nature
intended them without attention.
TEETH wear out—just as do other parts of the body. They are
particularly susceptible to decay, once the enamel becomes
cracked or broken—they are subject to accidents of many kinds.
You owe it to, your teeth to give them the samo attention as other
parts of your body. Bee me just as soon as anything goes wrong)
with them.
X-Bay fllmi Uken IT nieu*
•try;   tw-yeu  -furutMi
Examinations   mad*   on
phona appointment!.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge IpodaUM
602 Hastings Street Weit, Oor. Seymou
Offlco Open Daily Until t p.m.
If You Are Particular
We will give you satisfaction. Our business is to
move, pack and ship or store your goods quickly,
economically and with utmost care.
Johnston Storage Co., Ltd.
Phones: Sey. 9588 and 9689 Offlce Phone Sey. 3212
1160 Hamilton St. and Canadian Northern Freight Depot
For a ton of the Best South Wellington Lump
Telephone your order to Seymour 4893
The Quick Delivery Will Surprise You
President British Columbia Federation of Labor.
The Future of Our Race
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vaflcouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 2847
A. 8. U. B. Garpenten
[By Nemesis] '
Bo not for a moment imagine that I
am about to assume the role of the
prophet in the manner that tho average
mind haB become to regard him as the
result of false teaching.
We all know that prophecy in several instances has justified itself in a
remarkable manner, yet those ancient
prophets were merely men with an intimate knowledge of human nature and
great natural intuition and ages in advance of their contemporaries.
Today it is easy for you and me or
any other ordinary mortal, who has at
his command the accumulated facts and
wisdom compiled in endless volumes
of the scientific men and philosophers
of the past and present, to indulge in
prophecy or to use a bottor word, prediction.
I claim to be one of those ordinary
mortals and no prophet. Let history
thon and phychology bo our guideB and
tho means by which we make our predictions.
History, as you and I know it, Ib
mainly a record of war, slaughter, intrigue and robbery and the glorification of kings and rulers, but it will
serve our purpose. Psychology is the
science of our self-consciousness and its
relations to the material cosmos,
In tracing back tho history of our
race through the fow thousand years of
written history, the great fact in tho
wholo chain of events which stands
out above all othors is tho ephemeral
nature of tho existence of great empires. It would almost appear that nations aro like the units which compose
them, who are born, grow to maturity,
return  to  tho  gust  from  which
they sprang. Nothing is moro sure
than the life-history of individual man
may bo briefly summed up in three
words—birth, consciousness, death.
That is an inevitable law and the
theory has been advanced that nations
are subject to the samo ruling. But
are they? History up to tho presont
day answers, yes. It is undoubtedly
truo that Assyria, Egypt, Carthage,
Greece, Rome, persia, etc., were born,
flourished and passed away; and the
archaeologist pops up and apparently
agrees with this theory, for he soys,
" Lo! many great civilizations of which
wo hnvo no written records were born,
flourished and passed away before
thoso othors about which it Ib writton,
for do wo not find their ruins under tho
sands of the deserts and beneath tho
Boils of the foreBts?"
This alao iB true.
Thon from our present knowledge
can we usaert that empires like individuals contain the germ of death nnd
decay in themselves from which there
is no escape ¥
I say, no. All wo can sny with truth
is, "Empires, like tho units which compose thom, havo contained in thorn-
selves the germ of death and decay
from pro-historic times to this year of
our Lord 1018."
This statoment us it stands ndmits
the empire death germ theory, but holds
out the possibility of the rise of a nation wliich will havo it not nnd wliich
thereforo muBt expand till it absorbs
nil the diseased nations into itself whon
tln-y will get rid of their death germ
Such nn empire will lust from thc
timo it is born tilt the sun's life-sustaining energy fails ; that is us long as force of
lifo cnn exist on this globe, and tho
lust year of that empire will bo more
glorious thun the first, though a billion
years divide thom.
Wo know little of tho denth germ
wliich accounts for the units of the nations. Wo see its manifestations in the
forms of many diseases and wo reeog-
nizo it ns a foo we cannot hope to conquer or evade.
If n man livos twenty-two thousand
days and becomes old, thon for that
numbor of days he haB successfully
avoided it and that is all, for in a day
or two after that it will fall upon him
and he will be no moro, liko a ripple
that haa passed from the surfaco of tho
We know much moro of the death
germ which until now has brought ruin
and an end to thoso great empiroa of
the earth, nnd we know how it works,
for we aee it working hero at homo
ory day of our lives, in thiB physically beautiful and favored western
provinco of ours.
What then is this death germ of the
empires? It is grood of power und, In*
idontally, greed of woalth.
Let ua now try and truce how this
death germ works—thiB germ which
hns brought mnny proud empires into
tho dust—empires which in spite of
their glorious achievements ns paint od
in history remain but ignominious
memories   and   pitiable   examples   of
'groed-lust and failure.
It is a well known psychological fact
that savages and semi-savages have an
inordinate love of ruling their fellow
men and that the highor man mounts
the ladder of reason proportionately
loss grows this desire. And of all the
savage traits inherited from our forefathers this may be safely regarded as
the one which has lessened leaBt under
civilization, which proves that this
so-called civilization of ours contains
in a large degree the fundamental characteristics of the old state of savagery,
whon tho club was the first and last
argument in all disputes.
If you disagree with this statement
just think a moment of what happens
to a mnn who dares to think differently
to the governmont of the so-called civilized country to which he belongs, and
expresses his thoughts aloud, even
though he bo a person of exemplary
life and has kept all the laws of God
You know he gotB the club, and when
you think a little harder still you may
recognize the fact that you yourself
havo howled for the ubo of that club.
If you recognize this fact then rest
assured thut neither the state to which
you belong nor you, yourself, have ut-
tuiuod to a true understanding of real
freedom and civilization. But to resume our argument.
It is generally agreed that in a
state thore must be rulers and ruled—
a ruling class and a claas ruled. This
is obviously wrong. Because somothing
always has beon that does not say
that it muat be. You might with as
much truth assert that because disense,
crimo, prisons and other terrible means
of punishmont have always existed
that they must of necessity be; for the
truth is that they need not be, and
some day such evils and primeval barbarities will paBs away nevor to return in the new civilization whoso
dawn, thank God, hns begun to faintly
flush on the horizon of man's development.
Granted thore always has been a
ruling class and a class ruled—masters and servants—and in that fact
alone lies the pseudo-mystery of thc
death germ of the empires.
It is a psychological fact that an injury done to a fellow being engenders
a feeling of resentment in the victim.
This is n law of nature and cannot be
denied. Whenever possible this fooling of resentment takes active form
in some sort of reprisal, a process commonly known hs revenge.
Now in no empire in tho world's
history up to the present time has the
ruling clnss acted justly or generously
towards the cluss thoy ruled. In other
words, they have in every cuao exploited them for their own advantuge. As
long ns this passed unrecognized by the
exploited ull went smoothly, but it has
always happened thnt thoso ruled
massea Sti the course of time grew conscious of the injustice and resentment
wns born in them which, growing from
genernl ion to generation, culnunatod
into u fierce und undying hatred.
(Let us not confuse simple envy
with this natural resentment. Envy
iH an anemic, feminine qunlity without renson, but nngcr provoked by injustice is u product as natural us the
fall of nn unsupported body. It is logical nnd righteous, nnd therefore Implacable, and  iM the grout restraining
rce of ull evil in the world.)
Thus the time arrived when the state
wu siiivided against itself (note the
condition of our so-called civilizations
today) and the death germ under snch
favorable conditions speedily grew Into
a raging disease with its tentacles embedded in the very honrt of the stnte.
Further, during these generations
of growing rosontmGnfc on the part of
tho ruled, the rulers through the excess
of luxury to which they hnd indulged
themselves were growing soft in muscle
and flabby in bruin and, relying more,
on the virility of tho ruled, grew fnt
and fatuous, mules und females uliko,
and, strange ns it mny appear, while
this physical and mental deterioration
wus proceeding thoir self-opinion grew
und swelled iu proportion—and then
the end, usually s.idden und cutnclystic
A less civilized foe found an ensy
prey in the divided state whose rulers,
sodden by excesses nnd weakened by
self-esteem, were unable to copewith n
sudden und serious crisis engineered
from without. Or the ruled clnsses in
sudden madness turned on their rulers
in savage revenge und destroyed not
only them but the means of production
nlso. and the state sunk h)to Immediate
economic helplessness and ruin. Or
maybe the r.iin wns of a moro gradual
naturo, a process of decay, but just ns
inevitable becnuse of thnt divided
stato of the community.
Jut for ft momont try und imaghio
The arguments against any interference with free speech are so obvious
and so convincing that I often wonder
why there is need to use them at aU.
Ono would imagine that the publio
would rise in a body against any autocrat who, to serve his own ends, created
the neeessity.
The whole thing bolls down to tbis:
If a public speaker's case and arguments are utterly rotten and ridiculously foolish, then the best and simplest
way to squelch him is to LET HIM
TALK. For, plainly, if ho is talking
rot and nonsense, the more he talks the
more unconvincing and absurd he
makes himself.
The people will either absent themselves from his meetings—after hearing
him onee—or thoy will roll up in large
numbers to laugh him to scorn.
Either device will teach him that he
is cutting no more ice; but be will still
bo entitled to talk on, believing, if be
likes, that he is right, and tho multitude ia wrong.
On the othor hand, if he gets approval, or seems likely to make an Impression with what he hu to say, then,
reason and justice demand that he
should be permitted to speak on, notwithstanding that somo grotesque Bumble like Hughes, or Pearce, or .Holman
disagree with bis sentiments, or disputes
the accuracy of his assertions.
Remember that there is no prohibition
against the above*mentioned Bumbles
saying what THEY like. Making tho
laws and regulations themselves, they
see to it tbat they themselves have all
tho freedom they desire.
And why, in the name of common*
sense, should these men and their supporters bave a monopoly of the liberty
that they unhesitatingly turn into
license f
If a man is a damned fool, let him
without Hughes', or Pearce's, or Hol-
without Hughe'b, or eParce's, or Holman's intervention.
If he isn't a damned fool, then, his
sanity demands, and he is entitled to, a
hearing. Or, at any rate, he should be
allowed to talk, even though nobody
stops to listen or to heed.
But to refuse to lot him speak is to
establish tho belief that those who tie
his tongue are mortally afraid of what
ho has to say.—B. J. C. in Australian
It seems from the abovo that democracy in Autralia is fully abreast of the
Canadian brand. Thero is one consolation, however, and that is, that tho
truth is the only thing evor censored or
suppressed by the authorities of oither
this or any other-land. It is falsehood,
orror and deliberate .wrong alone that
are forced to resprt to such measures
in order to maintain their clutch upon
the throats of tho people, and the brutality of empire over tho material
things of earth. "Truth wears no
mask; bows at no human shrine; seeks
neither place nor applause; Bhe only
asks a hearing." It might be added,
that criminality alone fears the light of
tr?'.n*. No worthy cause over feared
criticism. Draw your own conclusions
as to tho virtuo of }he "gag."
Some 2000
Bell Art Pianos
sold by us in the past 18 years and not one
failure make us proud to, represent the, largest
concern of its kind in. the Empire—The Bell Piano
ft Organ Co., Ltd., of Ouelph, Ontario.
We are yonr Home Dealers and have sold
Pianos for the past 47 years.
This combined with our knowledge of Piano
Tuning and Piano construction should make our
House a safe concern to, deal with.
We recommend only good Pianos and sell at.
reasonable prices.  Terms if desired.
You will not regret calling on,us; whether you
buy or not you are just as welcome.
Buy a Bell Piano—yonr family is worthy of
the best.  Do it now.
PIANO HOUSE 115 Oranville 5t
Pretty Feather TOQUES for Early Fall Wear
Our c)i«play of the very latost Hats   and   now
Veilings will interest you.   Plan a visit for tomorrow.
Our War Bride Hats and Veils ue extremely smart
tho loss sustained by mankind by those
ancient civilizations thus suddenly reduced to more impotence. A savage
foe from without or a maddened foe
from within would destroy all means
of production which had been discovered or invontod. Machinery and tools
of nil descriptions would be lost to*
gotlicr with the art of their uso. The
literature embodying a nation's
thoughts would perish—everything in
fact north whilo in literature, science
and urt would go into the abyss. As
ono example alone witness the mystery
of how tho Egyptian pyrnmids were
erected. Where should we bo today
had wo tho sum total of the true, the
good and the useful of oil thoso great
lost empires ot our commandi
So runs tho pitiablo stories of tho
fall of earth's groat empires. Always
tho same causo: Greed for poworl
Grood for luxuries! Injustice! Rcsent-
mont! Bot nnd ruin! Power gained
by blood and injustice! Sustained by
blood and injustice, and disappenring
in blood and agoay! In whnt lies tho
remedy? In the elimination of greed,
of courso; making room for economic
conditions which allow work for all;
true freedom for all; justico for all;
on equal distribution of commodities
producod by all; nnd equal opportunities for all to cultivate nnd cxpnnd
thc grentcst thing in nil tho cosmos-
man's reason.
Tho small mindod and tho ignorant
may smilo and call Buch ideas Utopian;
but they are not Utopian and, moreover, thoy have got to be realized. It
is so decreed by the laws of Nature.
Forcos are at work bringing it nil
ucurcr day by day—forces which tho
smnll minded, tho unimaginative, the
ignorant, u thousand mud kaisers, aad
ten million fat nnd fatuous capitalist
exploiters can ao moro resist than they
can nullify by tlieir grimaces and
their shining BWOrds and liloudy clubs,
tlie force of gravity or (he action of
earth oroaon through tho ages.
A nation will arise—must arise—
which 'will establish nl! conditions re*
[uiretl for truo .justice and real do*
rolopmont, which will contain within
itselt' in, empire-killing germ and will
nourish through Ihe ages yot to como,
nnd will absorb all nations into itself,
am! man shut! know Imppitiess nm]
wisdom   tho  world  over.
For nil Wo can tell this nntion may
nrlso in darkest Africa or here in British Columbia, but the signs of tlie time,
if onc can read aright in these abnormal days, seem to indicate that our
own great empire may he the oae
choson to carry out this world process
of humnn emancipation.   Why?
In spite of its limits, it stands lirst
in world expansion; first in its principles of justice, imperfectly conceived
and administered ns they yot are, and
so its rulers mny first grasp* the tr.ith
that law takes no denial, but works
out Its Inevitable end, nnd that kicking against the pricks is a painful and
profitless expenditure of mental and)
physicnl energy.
610 Granville Street
li. P, Dunne, Manager
Developing     :;     Printing
Plates    Papers    Films
Phone Soymour 4845
"The Popular Day Trip"
Steamers leave the Union Dock daily at 9.15 a.m., Sunday at 10.30 a.m.,
calling at Bowen leland, Britannia Mines, Squamish, and way pointB,
returning to Vancouver ab 7.15 p.m.
Bowen Island Sailings:
Steamers leavo the Union Dock at 9.15 a.m. daily, Sunday at 10.30 a.m.,
' and for the convonlence of our Hotel Guests and Campers a special
steamer will leavo for Bowen Island direct overy Wednesday and Saturday at 2.30 p.m. Also a steamer will leavo Bowen Island on.Mondays at
6.30 a.m^ arriving at Vaadoaver 7.45 a.m. THIB MAKES A DELIGHTFUL WEEK-END.
Terminal Steam Navigation Company, Limited
Phones:  Sey, 6330-1 Write for Booklet Union Dock
Fall Goods
Men's Suits and Overcoats in the latest styles for Fall and
Winter, at moderate prices. Wc still have some of the old
cloth in stock.   They arc great values at the present time.
in all grades—Rubberized Tweed, Gabardine,  Rubber  and
Combination Tweed Coat Showerproof—English make.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 Hastings Street West
B "The Home of Good Shoes"
649 HASTINGS. W.   Near Granville.
Boots That Are Dependable
Prices That Are Right
Men's Oxfords
This Oxford is built tin tho. clever English last—hns lite recede
toe and fits the ankle and hugs the heel. Tan Russian leather
with Neolin or leather sole.   Regular $7, lo clear $4.50
Men's Knock-About Boot
Here is a serviceable general purposo hoot, not too heavy yet
ol* sufficient weight to give plenty of wear. Selected box call',
Blucher cut upper, with sewn soles of good quality leather.
Begular $6, to clear $4.50
A Smart Dress Boot
This is a neat boot, suitable for dress wear. Has good fitting
rounded toe with closely trimmed sole, Goodyear welt. The
upper is fine velour calf, Blucher out. Regular .1*7.50, to
elo»i' $5.75
(NOTE—Wo find it Impossible to reorder thoso boots nt ji rcnsonnblo
price, hence nro clearing boforo sizes nre badly broken.) PAGE SIXTEEN
PBIDAY August 80, IMS
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner ft Marx Olothei"
Fall Clothes
for every man
Where style and quality
attain their highest expression and the customer can know that he
is choosing from the
best produced.
New Autumn models and
fabrics in suits for tall, short,
stout or regular men; first
long trouser suits, young
men's suits, and under "Our
Bight Selling Plan" guaranteed to satisfy entirely.
$15 to $50
frvrxlff-M Hart SoUaocr ft Uus
Federation of Labor and
Vocational Training
(Continued From Page 1.)
vided by tho govornment, .shall be paid
on the following basis:
The poriod of training to be divided
into four parts.
Tho rate of pay for the first period to
be 25 per cent, of the union rate of
wages in the trude.
For the second period, the rate of
"wag-OB to be 40 per cent, of the union
rate of wages in tho trade.
For the third period, the rate of pay
to be 60 per cent, ot tlio union rnte of
For the fourth and final period of
training, the rate of pay to bo at 75
per cent, of thc union rate of wages in
the trade.
In tho event,of the period of training lasting over one year, tho period
for which the government now makes
vocational allowance, if the rate of
wages being paid to tho man in training ia less than the amount that is allowed by the government, the government to pay such difference.
In the case of nny man by special
ability receiving more than the
amounts specified from the employer,
this shall not affect the amount he will
receive from the government, but ahall
bo looked upon as a bonus for special
In the solection of men for training,
preferential consideration shall be
given to ineii that were formerly employed in the trade, and no new men to
be introduced into the trade, where in
the opinion of the committeo, disabled
men formerly employed in the trade aro
Empress Theatre Beopening
On Monday, September 2, the Eroprosw
Theatre will reopen for tbe coming 1818-
1919 season. The Vancouver theatre-goers
will be pleased to hear that all their old
favorites will appoar In the coming year b
plays. The opening play will ba "Cheating
Cheaters," a BoneaUonal mystery comedy.
The theatre has been artistically redecorated inside and ont and presents a
most pleasing appearance.
Tba Empress Stock Company has secured
the boBt plays on the continent for the coming season and the theatre-goera may looJc
forward to see one sensational play after
another   for  the forthcoming year. **
Socialist Forty of Canada wishes to
announce that starting Sunday, Sept.
1, it will hold its propaganda meetings
in the Theatre Boyal until further notice. J. Kavanagh will probably be tbe
speaker for next Sunday. Questions
and discussion.
We have just opened a new stock pattern in English Semi-Porcelain Dinnerware, and to introduce it
we are showing it all this week at $17.95 for 50-
piece sets.
In this new lino of wooden toys we have practically
an indestruetable toy. They are just what the kiddies want, as they are made in Horses, Dogs, Sheep,
Lions, Bears, Chickens, etc.
Millar &Coe, Ltd.
419 Hastings Street West
Phone: Seymour 475 Near World Office
Labor Day
The logical day to wear your new Pall
If you have not already purchased yours,
see the new
They are very attractive and as reasonably priced
as possible under present conditions.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
[By Helena Gutteridge]
There is something almost pathetic
in the general hopes and expectations
that are fixed upon the newly enfranchised women. Temperance enthusiasts
expect prohibition, where they have it
not, as thc first fruits of her vote. Bishops expect social purity, penal reformers, singlo tnxers and male advocates
and opponents of every reform under
the sun, expect the vote of the women
to bring the reform about, to say nothing of the general opinion that thc reconstruction of society after tho war,
will be the responsibility of the
One may perhnpB bc pardoned for
wondering how it was that women had
to wait so long and fight so strenuously
for thoir enfranchisement, since according to tho expectations of so many people, especially men, the women's vote
is nil that is* neodod to save tho race,
and reconstruct socioty anew.
Every mooting of womon addressed
by men, and a number of women also,
arc told of the wonderful responsibility
that now rests upon them, even tho
president of the Manufacturers Association. Mr. George Busby, in an article
published in tho Western Womon, on
the "Need for foreign mnrkotB for B.
C. Products," winds up by informing
the women that the fate of British Columbia is in the hands of the women.
Curiously enough, the women who
worked so hard for suffrage, ore perhaps, the only ones not led away by
theBe appeals. Prom bitter experience,
they know that unless thero is a considerable amount of educational work
carried on, the women's vote will be
only a political asset to tho party able
to play most effectively upon the emotions of tho women, through thoBe nearest and dearcBt to them at tho timo of
election. The women's voto is spoken
of as though it represented ono solid
body of opinion, and that women arc
likely to wield such power solidly in
one direction, in opposition to the men
is a separate nfld distinct class.
That this is not the caso is seen in
ecent events, in tho eity of Vancouvor.
The votes of tho women and tlie opinions of the women will be influenced,
oven os tho vote of tho man and the
opinions of the mon aro, by personal
and kindred interests.
At the time of the Letter Carriers'
strike in Vancouver, we find thc Daughters of the Empiro offering to tako the
places of the mon ,iurd tho Soldiers and
Sailors Wives and Mothers, pickotting
for tho men, without boing asked to do
so, and passing resolutions of condemnation on tho government for not granting the request of the men on Btrike.
The reason for the conduct of tho
latter boing that a number of the Letter Carriers wero returned soldiera, with
whom there was a kindred feeling, yot
the same women or a majority of thom,
joined hands with the Daughters of the
Empire to olect tho government,
against whom tho soldiers' women folk
passed a resolution of condemnation.
No, the women's vote will not be a
solid vote except on some very special
issue. The reconstruction of society
after tho war, will rest upon an educated, awakened working class.
The methods of society in pre-war
dayB, produced th« 'war. Tho problems
that will have to be solved aftor thc
war may have changed aspects, but
they will be the same fundamentally
that called for solution beforo the war.
The general condition of society at any
timo is determined by tho economic
structure of socioty, and if a permanent
change is desired, then the economic
structure of society must be changed.
We cannot expect freedom and democracy, if the economic basis of society
is founded on human Blavery.
If n sane reconstruction of human society, together with tho abolition of
war, it will need thc votes of an educated public opinion in a majority, of
both men and women.
Thero must be a realization of tho
fact that all wars nre based on the
economic construction of human society, and that, according to it writer in
a new publication, wars are normal and
times of peace abnormal, for he states
that during the past 3400 years, for
every thirteen years of war, there has
been one year of peace. There must be
realization that so long as 99 per
cent, of the product of tho workers of
the world is taken in the form of profit by those who need foreign markets
to dispose of Siich products, there will
inevitably be war.
Not until there is cessation from the
exploitation nf women as cheap labor,
for  profiteering during -the war,  and
not until there is education and organization of the workers, both men and I
women, to an understanding that, that j
which is socially produced must be sn-!
dnily owned, will the reconstruction of |
society on n fairly permanent basis be i
possiblo,    Cortninly the war is acting
na an educator, especially to tho women
who are left, to bear the burden of the
family while the men nre fighting, or
have given  their  lives on   the  buttle-;
fields of Europe   It is also opening the
eyes of a great number of women who
aro bearing tho burden of production in
Britain, nnd will no doubt do the same
in British Columbia.
The first siopB in the direction of the
voting power of women being a factor
in tho reconstruction of society must
be, by industrial organization of working  women  into  trade  unions,  where
thoy will loam to understand the why
and the wherefore, of politicians soliciting their votes at  election timo, and
where they   will  also learn  that  the
principle of collective bargaining is n
greater protection to thom than is at
the present time legislation on the statute books, that  is  not  enforced,  and
nover will be enforced for the benefit
of the workers, so long as the reins of;
government are hold by the represents j
fives of the employing class.    Where
they will also learn that unless they |
take a   firm stand  for equal pay  for
equal work, they will merely be used by j
the employing class as a means of de-1
footing any attempts of the male work-
er to obtain  wages that will be adequate to support a family ns it ahould
As a matter of fact, while the recon-'
struct inn of society will be materially!
assisted by the votes of women, It will i
not be with the women's vote as o
solid body of opinion, but with the
votes of thc educated working woman,
ridded to the votes of the educated working man; educated through organization for industrial protection, and collective bnrfjninhig to an understanding
of the needs of human society.
Therefore, the call has gone forth to
the woman  who  toils, organize, orgu-
organize.   if human Bociety is to
be constructed upon an economic basis,
that   will   abolish   wars, and give to
Asked 60c Day Increase; Made Settlement on Being Supplied Witb Commodities at Fixed Basis
The Hedley Miners and Millmen's
Union has not been successful in getting a 50-ceut per dny raise which thoy
asked for, but have been able to secure
the following concessions to take effect
August 1, 1918:
"1. All goods to be supplied to employees of the Hedley Gold Mining
Company at 16 per cent, over cost at
wholesale priceB, list of prices to he
handed to tho secretary of the union
overy month.
"2. Board in the company's dining
room to bo supplied at the rate of one
dollar per day.
"3. All married employees to be
given free water and light and houBes
to be supplied free from rent."
[By James M, Lynch]
(New York State Industrial Commissioner.)
On this Labor Day, when for moro
than four yearB millions of men have
been grappling in the most strenuous
and momentous struggle that tho world
has known, it is meet that wo should
take stock of ourselves and the conditions that confront us.
We muBt look to tho preservation and
growth of those ideals for which our
fathers strovo and suffered, and for
which they founded the organizations
of labor? Are these organizations to
continue, to function, to gain in
strength and service? In the field of
legislation are the beneficent statutes
enacted for the protection and well-
being of the toilers to be maintained
and strengthened? Is tho social programme to be extended and broadened?
Wage earners in other allied belligerent countries are not only asking
these questions, but   now,   firm    and
Soldier-Labor Men
Address Party Meeting
(Continued from page 1)
that meoting responsible for the striko
of postmen, or was it not a contemptible government which asked men to
support a family on $2.82% per day)
What meetings in Montreal were responsible for the strike of returned soldiers thero, and in Winnipeg uIbo? Tho
mon felt that thoy were not boing
treated right, and he believed that
much of tho trouble could have been
avoided if real Labor men hnd placcB
on some of the many boards, instead of
political heelers, with no more to recommend them than hnd "Mother Crothers."    (Laughter).
Who Were the Pro-Gorans?
Ho wanted to meet the man who
would call him a pro-Gorman, and he
also had been on strike when the Munitions Board refused to consider just
grievances, und thore was just such an*
other possibility looming up on Sep
tomber 1.
"The fact iB that this pro-German
stuff is just so much 'bull,' " declared
Private Barnard. Tho real traitors to
the commonwealth were to bo found in
othor places. The rack-renters aud the
profiteers, and the galling and unequal
conditions imposed were the cause of
unrest. He quoted the case of a Guelph
soldier, who was discharged without
pension, aud who died shortly afterwards as a result of the experiences iu
service, and whoso widow was found
worn out and almost at death's door in
the endeavor to provide for six children, thc eldest of whom was only fifteen. He quoted iu comparison certain
other caB68 of officers who had been lavishly provided for, and stated that the
people responsible for these and other
inequalities wero Bitting "on tho edge
of a volcano rendy to erupt," and thoy
and their friends should beware how
they appealed to mob law.
"Don't let red herringB bo drawn
across your track," appealed the speaker. "Get busy and attack causes and
not effects," .Repression would bo unsuccessful. "Bill" Varley, thc Toronto candidate, had been locked up for six
weekB on his return from thc front, because he hud spoken out against certain
injustices, and had dared to write to
tho press. They were horoCB when they
went out to flght, but when they came
bnck, the same men were pro-Germans
if they ventured to strike to protect
themselveB from injustice. Only tlie
workers could be expected to effectively deal with these conditions, and he
believed the Federated Labor Party
would function us the mouthpiece of
tlie grent movement which wns looking
for changes which were long overdue.
Must Beware of Patchwork
The workers of Britain had made it
clear that they were not dying to fill
the pockets of the overlords, and the
programme of the Hritish Labor Pnrty,
and their manifesto re the new social
onier was thc mil yenneroto proposition
which had, as yet, been forthcoming
from any pnrty in the state, Olio of
their statements in this manifesto was
that they must "beware of patchwork." and this must be watched
everywhere for the real work ahead
waB nothing short of the reconstruction
of society itself.
The desiro for a new social order
would be opposed by those who
hud something to conflerve—they
would not willingly surrender, but
there wob little hope for them that the
world would quietly settle down to the
old conditions. One thing must be Bottled—the cauBes of war must be removed, and this was the' task of the
workers. Tho new social order for the
world muBt be based on fraternity, not
on fighting. There must be dcllberntely
planned co-operation in production and
In closing, the chairman (Sergt.-Major RobinBon) endorsed the sentiments
of the Hpeaker in regard to the Toronto
riots,and the apparent parallel with the
diBturbonces here, and inveighed bitterly against those who had taken advantage of prnllt-making opport unities,
which could only be maintained by
grinding the workers, and asked what
chance the widows and the orphans
were going to have in tho f.iture unless
they stood together in their demands
for justice.
active' in their support of tho war, are
taking measures that will guarantee
affirmative answers.
Not alone do they propose that the
conditions under which men and women labor Bhall be made better, but, and
this is the groat and important point,
these wage earners proposo that they
shall accomplish these ends through
the unions of labor and through thoir
own representatives in the law-making
bodies. They proposo that their ballots shall bo made to count in their
unions and on election day. They proposo to function politically through
their own political organization, and
then translate thoir demands into legislation through the representatives
■elected by their own party organization.
Evon now we can sense the desire of
the toilers in thiB country for a direct
method of expression of thoir ideals,
both political and economic. There is
a growing feoling of aolidarity and
of conviction that mass action may not
with tho greatest degree of possiblo
bonefit bo confined to tho economic
fiold; in other words, that the futuro
welfare and progresB of labor must bo
achieved through a combination of
both economic and political activitioB.
In this connection, I can do no hotter than to quote the President of the
United States. Thero can be no clearer expression of what 1 am attempting
to convey than these views of the man
who iB leading the world today in the
great, struggle for the preservation of
"Every Bign of these terrible days
of war and revolutionary chango,
when economic and soeial forces aro being released upon the world whose offect no political seer dare venture to
conjecture, bids ua search our hearts
through and through and mako themi
ready for the birth of a new day—a
day, we hope and bolieve, of greater'
opportunity and greater prosperity for
tho averago mass of struggling men
and women, and of greater safety and
opportunity for children.
"The old party slogans have lost
thoir significance nnd will mean nothing to tho voter of tho futuro, for the
war is certain to change tho mind of
Europe as woll as the mind of America. Mon everywhere are searching democratic principles to their hearts in
ordor to doturmino their soundness,
their sincerity, thoir adaptability to
the real neods of their life, and every
man with any vision must soe that the
real test of justico and right acticn is
presently to como us it nevor came bo
"The men in the trenches, who
have boen freed from tho economic
Herfdom to which some of them have
been accustomed, will, it is likely, return to their homes with a new view
and a new impatienco of all mere political phrases, and will demand real
thinking and sincere action.
"The days of political and economic
reconstruction which are ahead of us
no man can now definitely assess, but
we know this, that every programme
must be shot through and through with
utter diBintoredness; that no party
must try to serve itsolf, but every
party muBt try to serve humanity, and
that tho task is a very practical one,
meaning that every programmo, every
measure in overy programme, must be
tostod by this question, and this question only; Is it justj is it for the
benefit of the average man, without influence or privilege; does it embody in
real fact the highest conception of
social justice and of right dealing without respect of person or class or particular interest?
"This is a high test. It can be met
only by those who have gonuine sympathy with the mass of men and real insight into their needs.
Come down to the new shop
I OPENED my Hastings Street shop
Saturdayand I'll say there was some
crowd there—taking it all day long.
And many men were measured—a
goodly proportion being union men. It
pleases me to see that union men are
coming into their own—getting their
share of the best of everything—for,
after all, that is the genuine economy.
A Tom-the-Tailor suit of genuine
imported wool will outwear three
shoddy ready-mades—and carry on—
"looking quality" to the end. My cut- *
ters and tailors are union men. They
know what you like in the way of out and
style, and they will give it to you. Come in—
see the new shop—examine the woolens. And
if you want to select one—or take home samples to select at your leisure—do so. But
come in!
Men'i Bolts to
Meunt   from
Suite from
Issaquah, Wash.—Organized minors
ask the stato fuel administration why
tlio Paciilc Coast Coal Company is per
mitted to operate its mines but two
days a wool, when the public is threatened with n coal famine.
The Rat Portage
Lumber Co.
Manufacturers of
these who produce the product of their
toil, snve the young girl fn>ni prostitution, feed the orphnns nnd the little
ones ns u right, nnd not as a I'hnrily,
iiiiol mnko renl the Idofl] of ponco nnd
contentment ns n substitute for wnr
nnd suffering.
The Big Union
Stores for
Extend Best Wishes to
Organized Labor
serve you and UNION goods are sold to you—where true value is based on
number of days' satisfactory wear—where the guarantee "YOUR MONEY'S
WORTH OR YOUR MONEY BACK" means exactly what it says—is pleased
to greet LABOR on Labor Day.
Our Clothes are Splendid Examples of Good Style
and Good Tailoring
We are showing wonderful values in Fall Suits. The full strength of
DICK'S resources was exerted to secure these wonderful values. DICK'S
buying secured immense quantities of clothing direct from the factories at
the very lowest price possible.
Among these values you will find excellent all wool worsteds, English
serges and Scotch tweeds, well tailored throughout, in plain colors or smart
patterns. The price speaks for itself—the lowest possible consistent with
good quality.
DICK'S ■ $25 ■ PRICE
33-45-47-49, Hastings St.East.
The Big Union Store for Men	


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