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British Columbia Federationist Aug 25, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
Fourteenth year. no. 29        fouhpages
Officials Expect No Peace
While Banks
Rail Workers of U. S.
Recognize Power Behind Harding
[By Laurence Todd]
(Federated  Press  Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—Now that the
Harding administration knows
that tho United Mine Workers of
America have won their tremendous strike, and that the defeat of
the railroad managers lu their
"open Bhop" campaign ls but a
matter of a few more dayB, the
president discovers that the "dangers of national domination of
basic industries by labor unions,"
must be put squarely up tu congress.
In the opinion of Harding, domination of the basic industries by
half a hundred directors of nevon
New York banks Js a normal .state
of affairs; the public peril arises
when 3,000,000 organized wage
workers challenge the'autocratic
conditions laid down by the 50 for
the lives of the 8,000,000 and their
Lobbyists Active
Railroad lobbyists have played
upon the president's lifelong devotion by suggesting that he must
at least overcome the "record of
labor dictation" which they claim
was .made ln the enactment ln 1916
of the Adamson eight-hour law.
The faet that President Wilson
dictated that law, when the railroad brotherhoods assured him
that they were -fully capable of
handling their disputo with the
rail executives, is ignored. The
myth etoutcd by the rail lobby,
that the brotherhoods held a stopwatch on congress for the passage
of that law, is maintained by their
friends in the Republican and Democratic parties, and upon that lie
they now build the argument that
Harding must "never let it happen again." Hence the repeated
feints of Harding toward a position
of "strong" settlement of the rati
Threat Welcomed
This threat from the White
House concerning labor domination
is welcomed by rati labor officials,
who confess that bo long as AW 11
St. control of the transportation
system and the basic industries of
the nation, shall continue they sse
no prospect of more than an occasional truce with the labor movement. What Ib to be discussed in
New York ls not peace or settlement of any chief problem of Industrial relations, they say, but
the terms under which a truce wilt
be made possible. As soon as the
bankers regain their power to
strike at organized labor, the
unions will expect the blow to fall.
Stirring up of differences and
jealousies among the producers It-
one of the devices which the Harding cabinet Is thylng to use agalnBt
the strikers. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace told the farm bureau at Leesburg, Va., the other
day, that while the farmers are
getting 25 to 46 per cent, less, In
purchasing power, than they got
In 1913, the purchasing power of
the wages of railway employes
was, ln 1921, some 51 per cent,
higher" than in 1913, while coal
miners' wages in 1921 would pur
chase 30 per cent, more than in
Like his chief, Wallace did not
directly  charge the strikers with
treason to the rest of the population; he merely hinted at It.
Strikers Refused Work
While Wallace 'was muddying
the waters the Washington branch
of the Prudential Life Insurance
Co. was refusing employment to a
man on the expres gronud that he
was a striker. A few days earlier
the same discrimination was an
nounced by a Metropolitan Life
agent to another locat striker who
sought a Job, and a like use of the
blacklist was made In the case of
a striker by officiate of the American Railway Express Co. according
to complaints made to the strike
committee. The community of
flnanclal Interests against the rail
strikers is not disputed. The adminiatration considers it quite
Twenty Out of Twenty-
five Delegates Are Members of Party
(By The Federated Press)
Berlin.—A victory has been won
by the communists Id the election
of Berlin delegates to the coming
national convention of Employees
In Municipal and State Undertakings. Of 2B delegates to be elected
20 are members of the Communist1
party. The swing to the left ls
said to be due ln part to the fact
that municipal and state employes
are' badly paid. There Is also considerable dissatisfaction with the
Socialists for not having supported
the strike of the electric and gas
workers lost-February. The party
joined hands then with other factions ln the' coalition to suppress
the strike.
One dollar and fifty centa tt the
cost for a$x months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Deals with Immigration
Mak ;*Rec
mendi Vns
and Mak ^Recom-
Congress Jouriv Vs Criticized by Mi    s'
Delegate *
The annual conventlo. ^.t the
Trades and Labor CoAy&es of
Canada opened at Montreal on
Monday. The usual preliminaries
were Indulged In before the delegates got down to business.
As usual there are a large number of resolutions to be dealt with,
many of which have been aired at
previous conventions.
Civil service employees who are
represented at the convention have
voiced their objections to the treatment which has been handed out
to them, and delegate Tulley
branded a statement made by ex-
premier Meighen to the effect that
civil service employees have had
their wages increased a hundred
per cent, as false.
J. W. Wilkinson, of Vancouver,
started something when he urged
support for the Congress Journal.
Delegate Watson, a mlnerB' representative from Nova Scotia, attacked a recent editorial in the
journal which attacked the Workers party nnd the part that organization had played In the strike
area. He also claimed that J. B.
MoLachlan, secretary of the United
Mine Workers had beon misrepresented.
Amongst the resolutions presented were resolutions protesting
ngainst the employment of women
and girls for 55 hours per week In
the textile Industry. Calling for
the double platoon system for firemen; a new Workmen's Compen
satlon Act for Quebec and amendments to the Ontario act to - provide for a hundred per cent, disability allowance.
Immigration came In for a large
share of the attention of the delegates on Wednesday, and the following recommendations were
1—Placing among prohibited
classes all labor hired to replace
strikers or those hired without the
sanction of the employment service of Canada.
2—Opposition to all bonuses or
grants to private agencies.
3—Request the British govern
ment for closer supervision of em
migration, advertising and control
of booking agencies.
4 -In order to relieve congestion
In industrial centres, land settle
ment and colonization schemes
should be made available to citizens and others already in Canada.
6—Medical nnd olher examination of Immigrants to take place
as far ns possible at port of em
6—Legislation to prevent hiring
of labor outside Canada by private
The last mentioned clause Is
aimed to prevent the importation
of strikebreakers into Canada.
Full reports of the discussions
of the eonvention will be published
in a future edition.
Vera   Cruz   Waterfront
Workers Compel Companies to Toe Mark
By F. W. Leighton
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Vera Cruz, Mexico.—The waterfront workers of Vera Cruz are
organised to the hilt. A recent
boycott against the vessels of the
Ward Line lasted Just one day. Two
vessels, the Esperunza and the
Mexico, were in port. The com
pany had bcen refusing to indem
nlfy several workers who had been
discharged because of injuries
suffered In service. Not a hand
was lifted to unload the vessels.
The Bame noon representatives
of the department of commerce
and Industry met to consider the
claims. Ab a result the Ward Line
will pay Liandro Rlos 7*6 pesos
($3.26) dally.for two years, together with medical expenses and
an Invalid chair; the same amount
for one year to Jose Martinez and
will pay a sum to be determined
later to the family of another
worker who died In servico. In
the afternoon of the same day unloading of the two Ward Line vessels was commenced.
Meanwhile the ship El Mexlcano
of the Pierce OU Company lies idle
in the harbor because* of a boycott
declared against that''company for
refusing to pay the/three months'
Indemnification required by law
upon the discharge of employees.
The general manager of the company, it Is reported, haB advised
the New. York biflce of the company,to pay up.
Washington.—What the house
of j representatives thinks of the
strike crisis as a reason for its return to duty ln the capital was
shown when only one-fifth of the
Republican members answered roll
call on the second day of the nes-
slon following Its campaign recess
Chicago.—The district conven
tion, No. 8, of the Workers' party
of America, held here, decided to
obtain funds for miners' relief In
West Virginia and enter the state
and county, elections In Wisconsin,
Indiana and Illinois.
Capitalism Snuffs Ont the Light of Liberty
The workers must keep their own light;, the Labor press, burning.  Support
your "own paper, not hext week, but now.
„__ - _\:_-xl_______________
Sports   Committee   Has
Secured Splendid
Want  Onc  Union  Only
and   Members   on
Every Job
Local 844 S.O.E. held the regular weekly meeting on Thursday,
.August 17, at which there was a
fair attendance and some interesting discussions.
Applications are Btlll coming in,
one of them boing from an old
time member In Courtenay. If is
confidently expected that Local h'44
will rapidly increase ils membership, as many of the old timers ft
present In the Canadian Association are giving Berloua thought io
the necessity of having one botiu-
flde organization of Engineers that
can become attached to the real
of the labor movement.
- Satisfaction was expressed at the
action of the local Trades Council
In taking a lively Interest ln the
unemployment problem. The Labor
Day committee reported progress
on the Labor Day celebration and
a certain amount of adverse comment was made upon the fact of
the Musicians' union wanting so
much for their services to play for
labor's celebration.
In the opinion of some of the
members, it should be no worse for
the Musicians to donate pnrt of the
services to help make the day a
success than It Is for the Carpenters to fix the fence for nothing.
A report wns received from Es-
Bondale that would give the impression that th© contractors on
the new asylum buildings aro attempting to get out of paying the
union scale of wages by installing
alectric clam shell und electric
cement mixer and hoist. It was
agreed that it was permlssuble for
an engineer to take one of these
jobs and make a fight for the
union scale, as it wub conceded
that there was a better show for
obtaining fair conditions by haying
a man on the Job than by holding
aloof from it.
A determined attempt is going to
be made to have a union engineer
placed on every job to assist in accomplishing this end. All employers will, In the near future,
be circularized.
New Idea in Co-operative
Circles in Saxony
Lelpslc, Germany.—A unique development of the co-ope ia live
idea hns found expression in Saxony in the formation of the Shx hi,
Clothing Works. This concern haa
boon started with' a cap Hal Inn Uon
of 10,000,000 marks, of wnlch'
8,000,000 hijH beon paid In by thd
wholesale purchasing department?'
of the Oerman Consumers' League,
1,000.000 by tho co-operaihe ofi
thu tailors, and 1,000,000 by the!
stute bank of Saxony.
Tliis company will tuke over the*
state clothing factory that In thV
days of the monarchy supplied all;
the military clothes, unicornis and
shoes for the Saxon contingent of
the German army. The plant Ah
large, and is suid to have excellent
tailoring and shoe shops'. It will
bo.renovated. - Tho Saxon Clothing
Works has obtained a louse of the
I premises for 30 years, and has
bought the machinery^ administrative apparatus, tools, and other .Inventory outright.
The works will be run on a non-
profitmnking basis, nnd will, sell
directly from factory to consumer
without a middleman. .
Fishermen Appreciative
When the Federatlonist made an
appeal for assistance some time
ago, the fishermen of Hi vers Inlet
decided to donate money which
had been collected for a strike fund
to the Federationist; this money
has been received, and this method
is taken to Inform the sbscrlbcrs
of this fact.
Seattle.—Building Laborers' Local 242 Is rendering service to
striking railway shopmen by giving those in need of employment
work at union wnges. A building
boon here is aiding the union in
Its practical relief work.
Taeoma, Wash.—Senator Miles
Poindexter, arch-reactionary, campaigning here for re-election, was
politely but firmly denied admission to a colored people's church
here recently.
Discussion on Unemployment Brings Out Facts
About Camps
• At a special meeting of the City
Cdltwll held on Monday morning to
idCoido ou representatives to attend tho unemployed conference ut
A'tt-to.iu, a li; U* light wob thrown
on thc blacklisting tactics of the
lumber barons, when Mr. Hicks
Of tho employers' unemployment
bureau admitted thut some men
had ■ been blacklisted last winter,
find wJ.if-h has heretofore been de-
lileil by the employers.
[ I mi ins i he discus .-ion it was also
l.rough. out that tho loggers are
ne ed tti.iiu per day and have to
Jiny $1.20 for board, and that the
bonrd, bill goes on even though
fche men are only working part
lime, and that this was oue of the
ren.-son* why married men found ft
impossible to work In the camps,
'ns they eould not provido for their
families on such wages.
f The delegation selected by the
council consisted of Aldermen Pot-
[tlplece, Scrlbbeh, Crone and Gib-
■bens. This delegation will report
,to a Bpeciril meeting of the council
on Monday next, when it .will be
decided whether the council will
lie re pie:, en ted al Ottawa conference or not.
Communist in Great Britain Want Soli-      %
An important resolution has been
passed by the Executive of the
Communist party of Great Britain.
The resolution Buys that the Executive, "having considered the decisions of the Edinburgh Conference of the Labor party, and recognizing iu them nn attempt on
the part of the bourgeois element*
In the Labor party to eliminate
the revolutionary expression ■ of
the working class, Is determined
to combat this, attempt and accordingly ' upholds Its policy of'
claiming affiliation to, and working within, the Labor party."
For this purpose, as an expression of the sincerity of its wish to
maintain solidarity with the organized movement, the Executive hns
decided to withdraw all candidates,
running in opposition to official
Labor party .candidates; and accordingly has instructed all ItB
members on locat Labor partleb
nnd Blmllnr organizations to resist
any attack upon their represent*-
tive rights ab delegates from working class organizations.
Oet your workmate to subscribe
for The Federatlonist,
Delegate     Meeting     at
1 Everett Decides to
Push Plan
Everett, Wash,—Amalgamation
of the 19 standard railroad unions
Injto a composite organization was
the plan voted recently here by a
delegate meeting of the Big Four
brotherhoods and the striking shop
'crafts! The meeting wob tho third
nnd largest of its kind since tho
walkout of the shopmen, Between
125 and lfiO rallwaymen of Seattle,
Everett, Auburn und Tncoma were
j Ak the result of the action taken
delegate}- returned to their locals
and called for the ratification of
lhe amalgamation plan. Pressure
\vlll be brought to bear on the varl-
,buB Internationals to agree to a new
torm of organization.
I Under the plan as ndopted,
known as the Minnesota plan, the
railroad-workers would be divided
thto six subdivisions, ns follows:
Engineers and firemen; conductors,
trainmen and switchmen; telegraphers) signalmen and dispatchers;
clerks , station agents, freight
handlers end expressmen; blacksmiths, boilermakers, carmen, electricians, machinists, sheet metal
Workers   and   htatlonnry   firemen;
Features will be Lacrosse
Match and Tug ;
of War
The Labor Day celebration committee of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council has almost completed the arrangements for the
Bports and other events for Labor
Day. The celebration and Bports
will be held at Mahon Park, North
The features of the day will be
the lacrosse match for the Indian
championship of British Columbia,
the contestants for which will be
teams from the Squamlsh and
Capilano Indian reserves, and the
tug-of-war, for which event many
local unions have selected teams,
and which Is expected to .cause
much interest and friendly rivalry.
The lacrosse mutch will commence
at 2:30 p.m. prompt.
In addition to the above features
there will be sports for the kiddles,
which will take placo early in the
day, and all parents are requested
to see that the kiddies are not denied the chance to compete by
being late on the grounds.
There will be races and other
sporting events for the ladies,
sports for the members of organized labor, and some open events In
which all may take part. Splendid
prizes have been secured for all
events. Some of the adults who
are fortunate enough to win the
events which they enter will receive prizes such as a ton of coal,
a sack of flour or some other useful nnd valuable prize.
Dancing will be nnother feature
ln thc pavilion, and in the evening
those who care to Indulge in this
pastime will be provided for In the
Tickets can be obtained from the
secretary of the council at 319 Pender Street West, or from any member of the committee or council.
The price of admission includes
free transportation on both the
street cars or ferries. The price
for adults la 50 cents, while the
kiddles' price of admission is 25
The committee has worked to
make the day a success, an-] all
that Is now required If for' the'
members of orgunized labor to repay the committee by turning out
In large numbers and havo a good
time and make Lahor Day of 1922
a red letter day In the history of
the labor movement of Vancouver.
Railroad   Equipment
States Is Broken
Tho rail strike ln the United
Stntes Is most effective. The railroad companies arc not concerned
ahout the travelling public, as the
following informntion will show:
"Engines are being operated with
leaky flues, broken stnybolts,
cracked frame, broken brake rigging, loose tires, while curs are
being run entirely without brakes
und with safety appliances in such
condition as to endanger thc lives
of the train crew.
"Tho public should know that a
loose tire on a locomotive may
cause a serious derailment.. It
may even cause the engine to turn
a somersault. Recently an M. K.
T. engine wob run with a sharp
flange. The train was derailed.
The management tried lo lay the
wreck to an open switch, hinting
that striking shopmen were to
blame. But Investigation disclosed
that the engineer had protested
agninst taking the locomotive out
In the condition which cnused the
"With normal Inspection lacking,
only one protection to the public
remains. That Is the refusal of
train erews to bundle dangerous
rolling stock."
The International Machinists'
official statement on the recent
wreck of the Missouri Pacific Is as
'The recent wreck on tho Missouri Pacific cost mnny lives and
scores of injured. What was tho
cause? From what we hear of the
situation the most probable explanation is that the condition of
both locomotives wub responsible.
Over an hour's delay on account of
engine trouble placed the first
train right under (ho wheels ofthe
express. A defective gauge or
other part of the cab equipment
would distract the engineer's attention long enough for him to run
by a signal. He was known to'be
a careful engineer without blemish
on his record. Defective airbrake
equipment would prevent his stopping the tremendous momentum of
a heavy train once he hit the
If the public Is lulled Into a
false sense of security by railroad
propaganda to the effect that the
management ean maintain safe
equipment by present methods, an
Increasing number of sueh accidents may be expected."
Always took up the Fed. advertisers before mnking purchases.
nnd maintenance of way mon.
Anothor batch of 37 workers
brought hero from the oast to
break tho shopmen's strike hav.
quit their posts and gone over to
the "enemy." Meu are being hired
Indiscriminately tn thc cunt for mechanical work here. Tho 37 were
alt who remained of a shipment of
206 men who left St. Paul for Ihe
coast. The others dropped off at
various pointB for harvest work.
Arrest of Kowlasid Gives
Snoopers Great Chance
For Action
Rome.—The general striken In
Lombnrdy and Piedmont have been
called off after the decision of the
Italian Labor alliance against local
strikes "which disperse the forces
of labor where the cohesion of Buch
forees ts much more necessary to
secure labor's victory." The Communists hnve tried lo take over
tho responsibility for tlie general
strikes In Lombardy und Piedmont,
but failed.
Australian   Ex - Service
Men Get the
(By W. Francis Ahern)
Melbourne, Australia.—Returned
soldiers In Australia point out that
in the majotity of cases since their
return from the war they hnve
been labeled not wanted with the
result that they are unable to secure their prewar positions ln Industry, despite the solemn pledges
made to them hy employers prior
to enlistment.
In the matter of pensions and
repatriation the majority of returned men have bud a henrt-
breaklng battle. While mnny highly placed ollicers without wur experience, or without disability from
war sorvice, have got on handsomely ns far as pensions are concerned, In tlie case of tbe rank and
file, the pensions hnve been miserably Inadequate.
Returnod soldiers, on being paid
their deferred pay and wnr gratuity
bonds, seem to have been considered fair game for unscrupulous
hnrplcs, real estate sharks, nnd
profiteering salesmen, who have
In muny case skinned their victims of atl their money. In sueh
cases the returned soldiers have
appealed in vain, for protection to
the government.
The history of repatriation in
Australia appears to be one long
story of tho bleeding of the returned soldiers by commercial crooks
and real estate sharks.
J. S. WoodMvortl). M.P., To Speak
The unemployed conference committee of twenty-five has culled n
meeting for Thursday, August 81,
In the City Hall, at 8 p.m. In addition to the report of thc committee which will be of grent Intorest owing to the unemployment
whtch is expected to prevail next
winter, Mr. J. 8. Woodsworth, M,
for Centre Winnipeg, will be
present, and give his views on the
situation as It is Been by the dominion authorities.
Represent at Ices of lnbor organisations and other bodies Interested
tn the unemployment situation ure
Invited to attend, ns this meetnlg
will be of a semi-public character.
Coal and Rail Strikes At
tributed to Few Indi- -
ifcy Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Staff Correepondent)
New Tork.—The stage Is being
set for a revival of the- orgy of
radical-baiting, heresy-hunting and
persecution which gave government spies, detective agencies and
reactionary newspapers so much
pleasure In 1919. The ever vigilant department of justice snooping department, under the direction of William J. Burns, self-
styled "International detective,"
has suddenly discovered—or claims
to have discovered—that many
radicals deported by the United
States have returned and are busily
The new anti-radical crusade
which is to save the government
again from destruction froe*. the
hands of a few forlorn aliens, was
begun when It was discovered—
practically by accident—that Joseph Kowalskl, a deportee, had returned and had been living here
for some time. At flrst little was
made of his arrest. Then some
bright person ln the local office of
the department of Justice, or perhaps at Washington, reflected that
here was a flne chance to'fan Into
a blaze the flames of hatred and
fear and Intolerance which have ,
somewhat died down In the last
three yearB.
No sooner said than done. In a
few days the newspapers, whtch at
flrst gnvc Kowalski's arrest only a
few paragraphs, blossomed out in
big headlines and with long articles
saying that Kowalskl was a member once of the Moscow Cheka—
which was abolished last February.
Then followed dark hints that Kowalskl was not the only "dangerous radical" who had slipped back
into America after having been
Also, the news articles adroitly
hinted that these persona were fomenting—perhaps had fomented
all by themselves—the coal mine
strike and the railroad strike. And
Anally, the newspapers, all by
themselvea and' without .the help .
of anybody, discovered a "rumor"
that L. C. Matrens, former trade
representative of the Russian government, had returned and was
directing a gigantic plot to sow
seeds of discontent, and, perhaps,
annihilate the army, sink the navy,
and make faces, at W. J. Burns,
Charles Recht, attorney here
for the Russian government, repudiated Kowalskl entirely so far
as the Russian government is concerned. "I have never heard of
him," Recht said, "and I know for
a fact that the soviet government
has sent no representatives here.
Equally absurd Is the statement
thnt Mr. Martens Is In this country. It should be known that under
the decision of the secretary of
labor Mr. Martens has a right to
come back to this country where
onc of his children was born. But
he has no intention of returning
secretly, nor has any of thc officials of the Russian government."
Seattle.—If paper ran railroads.
lines In the Paelfle Northwest
would not be crippled the way they
are. Federal Judges sitting here,
In Tncoma nnd at Everett, havo
granted eight Injunctions restraining the strikers from doing this,
that and t'other thing sinco the
strike started.
Kobe, Japan.—Nine hundred
workmen in the bicycle factories
In Sakni near Osaka have organized
a labor union called the bukal
Senttle.—The lumber Industry,
basic factor in the Pacific Northwest's trade, Is seriously menaced
by thc continuance of the shopmen's strike. Many of the milts
and enmps hnve closed down, as
the rnllronds nre moving only fruits
and other perishables to the east.
Lumber is piling up In mill towns
throughout western Washington
and Oregon.
Co-operative Union Is for
the Abolition of
Brighton, England.—"We ' nre
working for no pntchwork modifications, for no 'reconciliation of
capital and tabor,' for no 'Infusion
of a better spirit' Into the old Industrial forms. We are laying the
foundations of a new industrial
civilization. Thc rallying cry for
the whole labor world Ib the replacement of capitalism by an Industrial democracy producing for
Buch were thc words of Margaret
L. Davles, the new president ofthe
Co-operative union, the national
educational federation of British :
co-operative societies, which -per- -
forms ln Great Britain the work
done In the United States by'the
Co-operative League of America.
Sixteen hundred delegates, representing a membership of 4,426,475
co-operators, were present. These
members, with their families, constitute one-third of the population
of England. , -,.- FA6ETW0
Published every Friday mornlns by^The B. C.
Federationlit, Limited
Business Office;    11__ Howe Street
Editorial Offlce:    Room 30C, 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:    P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
1. M. Clark. Qeorge Battle}-.
Subscription Kates: Ualted State* and Foreign, J3.0Q
far year: Canada, 11.50 per year, |_.50 for _u
months: to Unions subscribing in a body, ISc per
member per month.
Unity of tabor:   The Hope ol the World
T.RIDAY —..— '. .'.._........AJugust   25. 1922
United States "Plots" and
Their Objective
rHL__ Great Britain may bo .he land of
hope and glory, the United States is the
land where plots, and especially Soviet plots,
flourish like bay trees. Iu fact there is never
a stride of any magnitude without some plot
to overthrow the government of. the land of
the free and the home of thc slave being un.
earthed even before it is hatched. With dramatic effect, another such plot haa been uncovered this week. Imagine seventeen men sitting
in a wood with pine knots blazing for light,
conspiring to destroy the greatest eapitalistio
government on the face of the earth. Heroes
were uncovered during the war, their deeds of
valor were praised by press and pulpit, but
we venture to say that seventeen men who
would undertake to overthrow the United
States Government have courage and resolution
such as the world never before heard of.
*      *      »
Secret service agents of the tJnited States
aver that they heard the reports of peraonal
representatives of Lenin and Trotzky, and
that these representatives were planning to use
jhe present .railroad strike as a means of
spreading violence. With recollections of Lud-
jow, Cabin Creek, Herrin, and Colorado, to
say nothing of minor affairs where the employ-!
ers have hired thugs and blackjack artists to
do their dirty work, whore members of the
Working olass were shot and subjected to the
most brutal treatment, and also, during the
war period, when those who refused to sxtb-
scribe to liberty bonds or other ruling class
niethod of raising monoy to carry on death by
violence and slaughter, were tarred and feathered, we can only wonder that the United
States officials were so muoh concerned at the
amount of violence whioh a few men gathered
iii a wood, with primitive lights, could accomplish.
«     •      •
One thing the secret service agents overlooked, however, was the discovery of bombs.
It is a hard thing to suggest that men who
fury typewriters and mimeograph machines
were planning violence and destruction, and
the discovery of a few bombs and infernal machines would havo added a realistic effect to
the picture. We might also suggest that a
perusal of the documents in the archives at
■Washington would disclose more plans for the
effective destruction of human life and prop^
erty than even'Lenin ever dreamed of, but that
is by the way, as the death and destruction
planned by a capitalistic government would bc
perfectly legal even though they violated the
tenets of those who are supposed to lay down
the "laws" of civilized warfare.
9     *      *
However, the plot was discovered, and the
next thing is to find out why it was discovered.
)Vas it because the safety of "democracy" of
the Ludlow type was threatened, or was it because the open shop campaign against the
workers has been ineffective, and the teachings
of men like W. Z. Foster, Caleb Harrison and
others have been a factor in stiffening the backbone of the minora and railroad workers. It
tas been said that hell hath 11b fury like a
woman scorned, but it might also be said that
a ruling class thwarted is driven to madness by
the opposition put up by the wqrkers, when
that opposition results in a backdown by the
employing class,
*.     *     w
The men arrested are well known {\\o continent over. Their acumen and knowledge of
world affairs and thc power of governments is
without question, and, as in the Winnipeg
strike, the men who voiced their opposition to
the present system, have bcen picked out and
charged with deeds which they would never
commit because of their understanding. But
the dear public must be given some excuse for
thc letting loose of a flood of violence and
the breaking of a strike by that method,: and
in this case we do not think that we shall be
.mistaken when we say that the raid and thc
'unearthing of the "plot" is but a smoke screen
to blind the people, and a preparation for an
cxeoutivc onslaught on the labor organizations
of this continent.
A New Party and Old Object
j /"'BEAT things have been done in Vancouver
*J this week. An old political aggregation
has chosen a new name and an old leader.
From now on wc shall prosper. We shall reap
. the bonefit of the efforls put forth by great
minds. _ The valleys of this province will flow
wilh milk and honey, aiid, greater than even
that blessing, wc shall sec unity in the Liberal-
Conservative Party. That is if politicians arc
to be believed. We sure do progress. In faet,
wc stand amazed at tho wonderful step forward which has been taken this week.
After having considered the matter we decided to road the speech made by the cx-prom-
,ier, who attended the convention, and we found
this gem;
"A party without principles is no
party; it is a mere hungry horde racing
for the sweets of power. A party that
professes a lot of platitudes that nobody
disputes has no principles.
"But a party that gets above platitudes
to definite pledges and then makes its
pledges a farce, that party is an outlaw
mob that must either be regenerated or destroyed."
•      *      *
Now if the above is not a conglomeration
of platitudes, then we do not know what the
word platitude means.   As for principles, we
never knew that Mr. Meighen was even  ae-
"iiainted with them, and understood lhat at
v - best he-had but a nodding acquaintance
with the tmjth. The fact .remains, howtvor,
that the Liberal-Couwrvaitive Party is a mob
of hair-brained politicians and followers who
have no concept of politieal economy. We do
not expect that the achievements; of the political- convention held in Vancouver this week
will bring any relief to the workers who have
faced unemployment and starvation, that problem must be solved by thc workere and by
them alone, and when that is done the mob
party of office-seeking politicians will go to
work or starve.
The Philanthropy of the Steel
"PHE ways of th|e employing class [ovc strange
to those who but give a superficial glance
at the'activities 0f those who wiiti-cl thc lives
ofmillions of peqple and live by exploiting tho
wage earners, but evert the capitalistic presa
gives the game away at times and lays bare the
schemes which are being hatched to still further exploit and degrade the wealth producors.
»    ,*      *
On Tuesday last, many people weje surprised
to read in the daily papers (hat the United
States Steel Corporation had decided to increase tlie wages of their employees twenty
per cent., but on Wednesday the real purpose
of this philanthropic move was disploBed when
the press announced that it was a shock
to industry. The same news dispatches pointed
out that the producers were swamped with orders and that the bars against immigrants
were effective.
•      *      *
While many concerns are troubled as to what
effect this move on the part of the United
States Steel Corporation will have on the psychology of other wago earners all over the
continent and in various industries, the workers should think what effect it will have on
the psychology of tho employers throughout
the country. Will it mean that steps will be
taken to have the bars against Immigrants
removed so that the labor market will be flooded to such an extent that the employers will be
able to make a success of their open shop campaign, whioh to date has not been a3 successful
as it was hoped for, and the miners' success in
their effort to resist a wage cut may have been
the deciding factor in determining the moves
which will no doubt bc made to lower the restrictions against immigrants so that the objective may yet be achieved by flooding the
labor market with workers from the southern
European countries. The workers of the
United States should bc on their guard because
the employers never gave anything away, unless it was in their interests, and we can safely
assume that there is a nigger in the woodpile in
this case.
!■•■»■»'» »■•■«' I
Know How to Do Something
Besides Talk
i--*».imi ji j 1 v> t ,, tH».t..<ip>^ip^.-^<-».»ipv»'»**t-trt**l"^«'-*'»»i ■■"% «.'»'■ "t *.+*•>+:•
WfE heard of a young Amerl&n-   -lhe   by   guess-wor!
"  revolutionist who ls taking af ho   done   because   ■
British Labor MLP.'s and Economic Discolation
ME. 3. B. CLYNES is a British Labor M. P.
•"■'■ He is supposed to know something of political economy and to have an understanding
of the basis of thc working class position. Ho
is also the head of the General Workers Federation in thc heart of the British Empire and
consequently on his shoulders rests a great responsibility. Ben Tillett, another Labor M. P.,
and labor official, is a member of the same organization, but the words of these two men
uttered at a gathering of the General Workers'
Federation demonstrate that they neither understand politieal economy or the real cause
oi the position of the workers, as the two following statements will demonstrate. Mr.
Clynes states that "the underlying causes of
the existing economic dislocation are political," \rhile Ben Tillet takes the position that
a goneral striko should bc proclaimed in
Europe in order to compel the financiers to
settle their differences and to stabilize exchange.
* *     #
Of course we have not the full text of the
speeches that these two individuals delivered,
but their previous utterances and the prominence given to them by the capitalisctic press
at least leads us to be of the opinion that the
statements attributed to them are substantially
correct reports. If they are, what can the man
who hits some understanding of the basis of
society think of such nonsensical utterances.
They are, while different in text, silly and
demonstrate a lack of understanding of fundamentals, which is, to say the least, appalling.
Tlio basis of the political institutions of a
country arc economic or material. As the economic structure of society has changed, ncw
pojitieal structures have reared their heads,
and as labor representatives, these two men
should realize that the party which they belong to, namely, the Labor Party, is a result of
certain economic conditions in the country
which gave it birth. To talk of calling a general strike in Europe to compel the financiers
to settle thcir differences and to stabilize exchange, is so nonsensical ns to bc hardly worthy
of comment, if it were not for thc fact thut
this kind of piffle is given out to the workers
as the way ont of their difficulties hymen who
arc supposed to understand the position wliich
the workers of Europe find themselves in, not
as a result of individual action, but because of
the iron laws of economics which operate in
capitalistic society.
* *     *
There is no need for a striko to compel the
financiers to stabilize exchange; they would do
it themselves if they could, but they cannot.
A general strike would not bring about a settlement of tlie differences between the warring
financinl intcrsts, although it might for thc moment compel them to tako common action
against the workers, but after that was settled, unless the workers overthrew the present
ruling class, the causes of diffcrtnMB between the various financial groups would still
remain as would the reasons for the class
strugglo which is being waged in society. Thc
cause of the present industrial and commercial
chaos is the present system. Thc dislocation of
exchanges is as much an inevitable result of
the present system as is the plight of the
workers who are being led by men who arc as
confused as arc those whom they lead. The
political chaos iu Europe is thc result of the
economic, conditions of thc different countries,
and the political mess will never be cleaned UP
by men who do not understand thc causes of
all the evils of present day society which arise
out of a form of society whieh is based on
human slavery aud the misery of the working
course in engineering because
Is anxious, to gu to Hussla. He
frankly says before he. goes he's
got to learn how to do something
besides talk.
It sounded refreshing to us. The
world 30.ms full of talkers, but
when ono sizes them up. from the
angle of "what can you do to build
after capitalism is gone?" lt Is not
very hopeful. *We wilt need to
have other things done besides
digging ditches nnd running errands. It Is not only on the platforms -hat one finds tho talkers
who can; talk only. On the side
lines, too, are talkers looking forward eagerly to the revolution, but
what can they do? What arethey
learning to do tn preparation for
that day?
Many preach that each fellow
should receivo the full product ot
his toil. They glibly say what he
ahould reeeiye, for his product
should be determined by the average amount of social labor power
expended on that product But
how many of these preachers ever
honestly sat down to flgure out
how muoh social labor power they
are expending to make themselves
flt for anything except poor, talk-
If they ate honest, they will admit they are-expending np labor-
power either to train their brains
or their hands. And usually tha
talk is not based on much information. A few stock phrases-^
the use of somo popular revolutionary Jargon half understood, la
about aU that the talk consists of.
Lenin has some talkers in Russia too. And they thought because
they were Communists even though
they lacked' training, they could:
be managers of aome of the. Rus-,;
slan institutions. But they made'
a fizzle of things. They were ousted ond replaced by others who
had expended some labor power in
the past ln getting training. Talk-
era are not in demand ln Russia.
That is why some of our moat vociferous talkers here would not
like Russia as a place where doers
are needed.
Some day the United States Is
going to be a place for doers only.
And aome of those who are shouting loudest for the revolution now
will be useless then ,because they
have had no training. Their shouting will not count then. Thoy. win
probably be sore because they flgure on holding something big in
the new regime without expending
any lobor power on training. In
stead of helping then they may
even be in the way.
In the now era that ts coming,
there Is not going to be a great
demand for lneftlcients. It will be
a scientific era. Thoso who expect to be of real aervice in Inaugurating suoh an era will have to
be trained.
Everyono should read the last
"Kuzbas" and see what Charles
Stelnmetz, America's foremost elec-.
trical engineer, says. He will holp
tho Russians in their electrification of Russia and in speaking of
"Kuzbas" Stelnmetz says that "the
simple desire to work together will
not guarantee that poople can
work together. It is all very well
to say that we will work for the
common good, but how aro we going about It? What power have
we at our disposal ? The most Important product In Kuzbas will be
talent. Skill and always more
skill Is the essential product." The
future Industrial progress, stelnmetz says, will be "Impersonal."
No big man will stand at the head
of the works and say "do this" or
"do that" because he is strong or
beoause he can Impress others with
his personality.   Things will not be
IS. They will
engineers and
scientists have studied in laboratories. '
Stelnmetz qays. "Engineers nnd
scientists don't guess. Efnginoers,
if they arc competent, know you
can't determine what is a fact by
talking and voting or by fighting
or by a jury. You must go to the
laboratory and flnd out impersonally.
The big job for "Kuzbas" as
Stelnmetz seeB it is not only to organize industry there to produce
goods, but men. Men who are
trained. Men who understand industry, men who can do something
besides talk.
As we see lt that Is the crying
need not only in Rusaia but in
[The opinions and ideu expruasd
by. correspondents are not necessarily endorsed by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed U accepted by the
A Michel Miner's Views
Editor B. C. Federationost: Dear
Sir.—The operatora of District No.
IS, after howling in tht public
press for over lt weeks that they
could not compete witll the nonunion mines unless the miners accepted the Drinnan award, have
suddenly discovered that they can
even pay the majority award, and
that for two years.
It is certainly a quick change of
front for the coai barons of B. C.
and Alberta, but why this suddon
change; they would have the public believe that they are doing all
in their power to try and settle
honorably with the miners.
'The facts, however, are quite
different, aa can be readily seen.
In offering thetr pet Drinnan
award, they agree that Central
Pennsylvania and Ohio la the basing point and to pay whatever is
agreed upon In those states.
The minors having refused to
scab on tho miners of Ohio and
Pennsylvania, thereby forcing thum
to take a reduction, causes tha operatora of District 18 to suddenly
offer the majority award In "toto
for ,two years, and expect the
miners to fall for it, the reason being an early resumption of worlt is
in sight in Ohio and Pennsylvania,
at the rate of wages-which expired
March 31st, and If we fall for their
offer we shall have the' pleasure
of ■jglving them our labor far
cheaper than we would if we domand the same as the basing point
has done, namely, a resumption of
operations under the contract
which expired March 31st.
The minera of the district will
not fall for any such buncome as
the majority award.
Michel, B. C.
Representative of Indian
Government Obtains
Labp* Views
The. $t.. Hon. y. 8. S.iyjtrJ, Vtbo. is
a representative of th$ Indian government and touring- the three dominions with a ifievv ot securing
better treatment of his countrymen, interviewed local representatives of labor on Tuesday last, wtth
the idea of obtaining a first-hand
opinion of labor 'towards the Indians in thia country.
Mr. Sastri pointe.d out that the
Indian government had put* into
effoct regulations which precluded
any Indian emigrating to tlie .dominions by refusing passports to
any person with the exception of
those people who intended visiting
the, .dominions for. temporary purpose* and that no pusportn were
issued to workers wao wished to
He pointed out that tn the
opinion of the Indian government,
Indians domiciled in tho different
dominions were t\ot treated properly, and instanced South ^frica,
where they are precluded from riding on street cars, and tho negro Is
an object of pity, while the Indian
is hated. Referring to the Indians
now resident ln Canada, he pointed
dut that although they are British
subjects, they are denied either
the municipal, provincial or Federal franchise. He also stated that
there are only about a thousand of
his countrymen in this country at
the present time, its large numbers
had returned, home and that there
was no possibility of any more being allowed ln the, country as a result of the action* of the ' Indian
government In restricting emigration.
P. R. Bengough, secretary of the
Vancouver Trades Council, one of
the labor officials who met Mr.
Sastri, stated that the workers of
B. C. had never objected to the Indians, and that while opposed 4o
Asiatic labor, the Indian had pever
been classified by tho workers as an
Asiatic. Mr. Sastri was also informed that some Indians wore in
the unions and that so far as labor.
Wftfl concerned there had never
been any objections raised by the
workers against his countrymen,
this statement seemed to surprise
Mr. Sastri, as he stated that he had
been informed that labor would
never consent to the Indians being
granted the franchise.
London-.—Among   other   people
who made public profession of pa-,
clflst opinions during the International Peace' Congress In London
was Dean Inge of St* Paul's Cathedral, who observed that perhaps
the business community would
nevor again make the mistake of
thinking that war was good business. Speaking of the distribution
of blame for the war among the
powers, he said that now lt seemed
to most people looking back that
"they were all mad together."
Patronize  Fed  Advertiser*.
Monday, Sept. 4th
Indian Lacrosse Match for the Indian
Championship of B. C.
Good Prizes for the Kiddies and Members of
Organized Labor
Tickets on sale at 319 Slander Street West
Adults 50 cents Children 26 csnts
Tickets include transportation [on street oars and ferries.
New York.—For He flrst six
months of'this year the United
States rubber company reports a
clear proflt of |3,052,»18, afttr all
charges and Interest have been
paid. During the same period last
year the company reported a deficit of more than $4,000,000,
We want you to aee the wonderfully high quality we give for
our low prices.
On clearing Bummer lines—on
new Pall garments.
See our sale of demonstration.
Famous £0w4™er
623 HASTINOS  ST., _7..r Oruvlllt
Big Steel Plant Proy^
for AU
By Harry Ostroll
(_?or tha Federated Press)
Netjajdensky, Urals, Siberia.—
This town In our American Kuzbas
concession is a steel town Qf about
-5.000 inhabitants,' with fairly nico
homes all eleatrl(tydt surrounded
by some woodland arid also'a river
running by. The weather Is warm
now, the nights being bright, due
to the northern lights. There la
uult. an amount of vegetables and'
poultry, cows, etc.
The inhabitants, are all employ-
ad in the steel plant, which occupies tho central position. It ls
about 75 acres 111 extent apd before
tht war produced gigantic ateel
products, locomotives ahd large
machinery. It is -el.-suflWciit,
having also a wire mill and it has
a. large sawmill cutting enough
lumber for shipment to England,
but this burned down. It has a
line electric station capable of gen-
crating «00,000 horsepower and it
generates 66,000 volts (or the surrounding mines of coal, iron and
copper. It has, th% tymm steel ore
found ln the world.
We have In our ^roup t\o engl.
ne#r (hat worked for Gary, American Steel, Ford and other American establishments, and he Knows
•very part of a steel plant. Tbe
plant at preaent Is run down, duo
to lack: of material and laok of organising loaders. I have Veen motors burne.d out due to overload,
while out In the yards hundreds Ue
new and crated unopened, aa large
as 1100 horsepower.
For tho next few montha I wUl
be vw busy, taking a complete
survey of the plant. That steel aa
^t Oowa Uk _ water from a well, bq-
Ing moulded Into gigantic structure, Just drawt me to it.
Everett. Waah.—Logging camp
blacksmiths have the same aversion
to repairing railway cart that shop-,
men have, It developed when logging companies recently contracted
for the ropairlng of railway rolling stock. The cars are still unt
i|, .1 I 11   'Willi, Ul" ILL   Ull II    Jl
Hydro Therapy
WUl make you woll again
Dr. W.Lee Holder
74 Fairfield Bldg.
Sey. 85S3      Vancouver, B.C.
Mon., Wed., Friday 1.8
Tues., Thurs., Saf_rdny....l-5
Ring up PhoM Stymoar i»M
ttaa-Wptnuna* '    *■■'-
Dr. W. J. Cm?
Suite SSI Dominion Ba__U-«
'  yANcpuyiJR, ■.'<_"
.. in ir. M't-rm
Cig^r Store
.■*■ n n.-
■ I  IJ..I UI.'!  JJIJJ.-J..
NANJOJia      ,
O0A1 W*_fAS*
mm you ask von
Md Non-alcoholic wines pt ill
■..■i .. *■ i .itofsmtntant^imm
Oetsl.,^ tiiml   bramiTt.l,   1.U..U.
*0Ml_f unit..   W.tti\aa, i.itlm-nlJ
w$ -v*«»r *» •**
In that dark hour when tyropa-
thy and best service count aa
inueh—call up
sss kino;way, Vancouver
PI*. M Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulswc Scrvlct
"A oood pi«ce ta Snt"
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J__rif.tra tbab, tit » BRmSH'CCB_;UMBIA^_FElH_RATIONIST vancoovm, a c
H^F#fithl&mr Teeth
For t|ieir hca
You are the
> responsible
dite responsH
Dont delay nny longor if your teoth need attention— ge)s. right down i$ i(j-think it over—
it's yoilt/f»oJ>_i;,^—it's, ypp responsibility.
You know that neglect only 'moans troiible bc-
► A    well - known
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l otfee—suel^ work
matches  perfect-
; ly   your   natural
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You will lifee my stylish, modern methods—
the pevfect 'facptics of my offlce for
"dol»g woiik tha^ makes you grateful.
The cost, too, is so low—anyone can
afford my low-scale prices.
Ithe trucks are*"_oh-!ng ln -every
Ihour of the night. The loaders are
loading logs fBrtwelve to slMeen
*f0,u™ P .r day, tho sawyers m*
sawing logs'by tne "bushel," die'
whole' crew' is "booting" becauso _,.,..-*,_ ■-■■ ,       .    ■•
the hours are'too'ioWf and' whit  ?™!ic"   *h0« ""><" °»>  ■»■*■>>
Phone for Apix^ntmcut
Dr. Brett
.     602 Hastings Street West
Bank of Naval Scotia IJnlldlnj
t mono Soy. MM
Bit. BttETT ANDKHSON, iormorly membor ot th. *tcalty o» <■•
"k,e et D.ntl.try, Unlv»r_lty ol South.™, California. L.cl.r.r w
Ci_*_ and BrUnwork, DionatrjtM In Platnrork tad OjwlttlM'
Uiiullltr?,  _»a«l «»4 IjUfuX An_e*ll(*_U),
■Jul 'ii      ■    .11    U i .HI   I     .      . ■  ".   II.
Ill  PI.I   .R..UI I    ■"
Hews $p4 view*
Adolph Lunj|be£ Compnny
This is some   camp.   They   are
)sri-ln_    with   ___/.(!_;.
lllttle time thoy: Save to'sleep nt
[night is often broken by the noise
of the trucks as they come In during the night. There is nothing to,
bo'splnca Vy kicking, action is the1
only thing tl\_it counts; Organise
and tako Sctlon' on the Job.
us, get dp-ro.to wqj*. _»r with-
n do noth-
inized. then
d power to
higs of lite
. . lice and are
entitled to. Uow much longer are
Railroad Sfcppmen Flatly
Refasf aping's
we as workera going, to stand for,
tjji| rptftn (-p^dltloflfa, W^Icnf ex_$
in all tho camps in the Cranbrook
paaB inspection lf   the
- were erubrfced.   There
Vancouver Unions
Council—ProBldent, R* H. Neolands,
L.A.; Jteneral Mcwfcry, Percy R. B$n-
ugh, office: IQ«, |l« Pindar St. W*
una Sey. l\__. Meets In U& w Hall at
p.m.  ea Ut *n\ M4 thhO H-wis.'
rinonth. '      	
_,&*tt  MUMTUW   -tJUpBH   Wll*
____ I'minis* V. 0- B« |6.
i«rfATiO»i£ BfcOTUteftHOOD OP
0-_*rmaV.m,   lio*   ttlpbuildpn   aai
let—-\s**,   -.--,
-lpm et .w**_.*> Vo?^19.*;
r.,„, „ Abflrica, Vq«L i0,4r--HfeiUui
st and third MoikJms In eteb month,
•csidnt, P. Wlnft. aeeretary, A. ran
ilea:    Kuom 303—3IS 1'wdar St. W
rice honia, B te U a.m- ant =J 10 a p.m.
dm4 WcUvwi or wmodi fer IjpUm
>rkL ifo.. oi uwMe setters, phona
rlohUyws' Onion, Ubor Tompli
pot_lti* nnd -Jfllners, Local 452—Preii-
nt, Wn. Dunn| recording secretary,
io. SMI; lyuhma mA_ Qoo- B- Hardy.
Seal Roobi 804, B10 Pendar flt. W.
>etn second and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,
torn 6, 319 Pendor St. W.	
18-62—Offlco Ud
W.    Meats li»t
p.m.    Saerotw
 1 P.
Asssoiatlon,   Looal
11,   162   Cortan   St.
d third   TrHsyt,   8
saiarer, T, NUon;   1
0»     CANADA—An     lndua*
bualneaa Men*»
V,     ..
UNION     —.      —    --
Ul    nnlon    ol   all    workora    In    lor
u and waainetlw «op».   Cout Dl«*
•lot and Oeneral Headouartera, SI Oor
it» at Wa TMtMtu. B- fl-.WW »•*•
fl«. J. ¥. Clarlie, KQon) a<mrotary
sunreri legal advleers, Messrs. Bird,
aodonald * Co., VancouTer, B. C: audi.
Mesiri. Buttar b Chient, vanoon-
er, B. 0.
ACfilNISTS LOCAL 692—President,
Ed. Dawson; aeeretary, R. Hirst; busiest Ment, P. K. Bengough. OMoa: 809,
10 Pender 81. W. MeeU la Room 9,
9 Pender St. W., on Mcoad *.H fourUi
uesday in month.
Leo Qeorge
secretary, J-
9, 319 Pender St. W.
3, 319 Pander St. W. oa flrat and third
mndtjfa la month.
diness agent, P. R. Bengough.
-   ■■-- —     Meets In Room,
1 Paperftanzera   of  Amorica.
rators and Paper nan gara
local   188,   Vancouver—Meota   2nd an*.
th TbuMdayi at l*a Gordota St. W.
•bona Sey. 9491.   Business agent, R. A.
arkor.      ■
(j,—formerly Plremon and Oilers'
nton of British Columbia—Meeting
Ight, flrst and third Wednesday of eaoh
lonth at 10* Main Street, Prcnidnnt.
. Williaraa; Tice-preiidcnt. R. Morgan;
icretary-trcaiurer, W. Donaldson, Ad-
reH, 108 Main Street, Vanoouver, B. C.
ictpria Branch AgfUt" flddxeea. W.
rancis, 367 Johnson St., Victoria, B. 0.
rocn, 063 Hornby i
Opernting Engineers, Local 844, meets
ery Thursday at 8 p.m.. Room 807
bor  Tomplo.    Saaretary-Traaaurer,    N.
      ' j St. Phone Soy. 7048R.
all Av»". North Vancouver.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
Moota A. 0. t. Ball, Mount Pleasant
t and 3rd Mondaya at 10.18 a.m. and '
n. Pnaldent, P. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
ive; recording-secretary, P. B, Orlffln.
47—6th Avenue Eaat;  treasurer, E.  S.
laveland; financial-secretary and busl-
laa agent, W. H. Cottrell,  4808  Dum*
Mea Street; office corner Prior and Main
Phono Pnir 8604R.
America, Local No, 178—Meetings held
.-st Monday lu^acb month* 8 p.m. Pres-
lent, A. R. fatenly.; vice-preaident, D.
.awflon; recording aeeretary, 0. MoDonald, P. 0. Box 803; flnanolal aecrt*
Iry, T. _Temp_oton,_P!,J). Boi 508.	
of the  0-   B. V. meeU on  the. third
rodnesday of every month.. Everybody
Soviet Rusela, Vancouver branch, meets
irat and third Sundnyi each month,   2
in., at 61 Cordova St. W. For informa-
ion writo to braneh aeoretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
1 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. B. 0.
You way wish to help The Fed-
rntlonht. You can do so by renew-
ng yonr subncrlptlon promptly and
ending In tbo subscription, of your
lend or nelthbor.
-■ — ■"■    4
Logging Men!
'Christie's Xo. 200 Calfskin
Bltigls Sole stitdidonn Boot
Is tho lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever mndo.
If you use your feet as a sledge-
hammer on hooks, chains, otc,
then buy ChrislUt'e No. 50 and. go
at it. Waterproof; guaranteed to
hold CBulks.
Christie Boot
Phono Soy. .1070
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
lUtes- IleasonoJito
London.—With a grim sense of
Humor Rudek and Bukharln, th*
Communis delegates at the Berlli*
eonCeronco of the three Internationals, have sent an open letter
to Messrs. MacDonald, -ftenderson-
and Shaw of the British Labor
party (who had protested strongly,
against th» Soviet trials of Social
revolutionaries in Moscow) asking
them to endeavor to secure tbe re-.
prievo of the two men under
sentence of death for the assassination ot Sir .Henry Wilson in London. A petition for their reprieve
has been denied.
B. C. Spruce Mills
Ttys is tta best outfit Intfco d.ta-
txlet so far as camp condition's are
concerned, but the wag^s are small
and it Is a ten-hour day. this outfit furni»fc«s blankets, and' they
have » bath house, but the dry
to tiang ttalr Wt clQibe* in wkep
thty cpofi lp tron\ ytoxifr so \be*
have to hung Xbem la tba sleeping
quar^-f"* Thhi Ul Hl^a^ry, ;h^0-
fpre 9.rg4nl_se and compel the cpr«-
pany tp. furnish sanitary conditions
ff they want you to work.
i.T    HPH-.I    i —
a P. R., Bid! River
Tho camps on this ditch are all
"gypo." There is no need of a man
going to these camps looking for
day 'work, b-jcange the "gypos"
have already taken enough contracts to last for two years, and,
they are working front eight to
sixteen hours per day. Therefore,
they do not require ap many men,
and the company does not -have to
build 90 many camps, because the
"$ypP&" do hot look for conditions.
Tbeir ivory domes only function
when there are dollars in sight.
Adelaide, S. AustraUa-^Pfle hundred per centers are still fighting;
the war here. The crack stroke
of the Murray Bridge rowing club,
picked to represent Australia at
Lhe recont Henley regatta in England, was protested, by a returned,
soldier on the ground that the crew
man had beon an objector during
the war. The rowing club paused
a resolution stating that their
stroke retains the full confidence
and esteem of his colleagues.
133 H-siiOKa E. Vhouo Sey. 3202
sso Granville Phone Sey. 880
8280 Main St. Phone ltolr, 1083
1101 Oranvillo St. Ph. Sey. 0140
Phone and Shipping Orders
always  given  attention.
Prime Rolled Roasts
from, per lb	
Choice Meaty Veal    t QA
Roasts from, lb. .. 1 OC
Primo Legs of      ft'l 1
Veal, lb    CtO'iC
Prime Veal, Stew.       1 g* *»
Prime Rump Roasts ft(*.
of Veal, lb  -_bDC
Prime Legs Lamb,
lb ai	
Prime Meaty Lamb
Roasts, lb	
Prime Lamb Loins,
Primo Lamb stew,
2 lbs. for 	
Prime Pork Roasts
(very little bone), lb.
Slater'H .Famous Pork Shoulders
—Weighing fjrom 4 QO.!**
to 8, lbs,; per lb...   MmX V
Choice Pot Roasts
from, lb	
Choico Oven Roasts
from, lb	
Prime Boiling Beef
from, lb	
Prime Boneless Stew
Beef, 2 lbs. for	
Do you buy your butiar supply
at Slater's?
Prime Alberta
Creamery;  3 lbs.
Fit for any table
Finest   Alberta
Butter, 3 lbs...
Slater's Famous Smoked Picnic
Our      Famous      Breakfast
Streaky Baoon,       -___\__
lb   OOC
Half or whole slabs.
Choice Cuts of Peamoal Back
Bacon from, OEM —
Ib 6o_C
Choice Cuts of Boneless Rolled
3 lbs, for _.	
Slater Sells Oood Butter
Slater Sells for Good Fresh
Slater Sells Good Ham and
At any of Slater's Stores
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornoiiioiital and Shade Trees; Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
49 Hastings St. E. 2—STORES—2 665 Granvillo St.
Soy-. W6-67«    -p    "SAY IT W1TR FbOWEHS"      Sey; Mt*t31H
Send tn aU the job newa you can,
and. if you are not receiving the
papers eaoh week send word to the
Cranbrook offlce and the secretary
will sea that you are put on the
mailing list. If you think that you
can do any organising then call a
meeting in the camp, elect a delegate, send In for credentials, and
get your fellow worker to take out
union card. Get Into the flght
foi* shorter hours and better conditions.
Now is the time to organize, toy
the lumber barons are short Of
slaves, and they want tho logs, so
that would
health laws
ls not one camp In the district
that has a dry room where tho men
oa'-j'change"their w^f'an^ dirty
ctofhes \vften the* come i\ fftifri
work. "TW.'^wt. tQtyji their
clothes ln the some place that they
sleep in, which is again A tho sanitary regulations, Tho laws aro not
enforced 'because ' lhe''men1 Av'ho
work' In'the camps' are satisfied
with the conditions that are handed o$. to thero. Tho bpig| Wll yo.u.
that he cannot nffo^a to improve
the camp«, and you believe, him.
You want tho eight-hour day or
wu would flght far lt instead of
working twelvo to alyteen hours,
and than oome into town and kick
because some one did not eome
out and pull the eamp on strike,
and get It for you bunoh ot calamity howlers, who should be trying
to do something; for yourselves, in'
stead of looking for some one to
come along with o, halter and lead
you. Don't he afraid to take an
active part in the union, don't be
afraid, of the stool-pigeon of the
master, don't be afraid to carry
the rigging- Why abou 14 we cringe
beneath the whip any loneer, Come
on, fellow workers, let ua 9*H this
Crow's Neet Pass on tha map once
again. Do not be afraid of eome
one scabbing on you, Let us be
men and flKht for our rights, and
our class. An injury to one is an
injury to all.
(B# the, Federated Press)
1-iew 'York.—'The' striking* railroad shopmen in t'he'eastern district are in the fight to a finish;
they distrust ther railroad labor
board, and the;/ flatly refuse to accept President* HardJng;'s suggestion that y,e seniority question b^
submitted to that "body! Siich; iff
brief, is the hi^sijage they ha/fe sent
to B. M. Jewell',''tfead'bl: the shop
workers' uni.oft'.
In behalf of 25,000 striking railway shqpmen'ln tho New York district'We'endorse your stand'in re-
fi-S.i».S tO, accept the cow promise
proposition of Prr^ent Having,"
Dgv-ld Willtymft 8e^:5^vy. "($ ft*.,
central strike committee," telegraphed Jowe|l "Located 1^ \
d$str(ct oxposod to fto D$Sft4 JflS
attack as represented by tho propaganda of th.e railway com.vianieSi
oi\r rn.enil.erii have, stood 'jjie a\-.
tac\( without {aljo$'R %ntd t.h.O
mor^e qf tho ytjlkers Is perfect,"
Tbe railroad officials^ w^'o Stlh-
e-rei.h.ora for another mcotinjf to
consider the president's proposals,
are facing a serious opht in their
own ranks. Some of thein are
known to be strongly in favor of
accepting the president's proposal;
others, headed by u y. Vowwt,
Chairman of the eastorn president's
conference, are defiant. The an-.
thracito carrying roads, It has been
intimated, will play the roles of
bitter-enders, while the otheni are
expected "to urge accetpanco with,
perhaps., reservations.
FA070S Brand Work Bhirta are prodnoed expr^yfor tht
They are made for real corqfort an4 \m w«f TNy m[-_
of o/iaiutAfa to the vHTtf im «• •>»•foun<l •• W**8^ *arlt
»*»)twfe>t** ■»■>■■«■ -<tnr»Hf»
Slowly Bat Surely
(By Henry Sara)
T IFE as we live it is so. stupid,
that one really has grounds for
doubting the worth of what ie
called "common-sense." Take the
mass of the people who "livo in
London for example. A great city
loaded with wealth, the population
mostly trying to "get by." Two
days ago (as this Is written) there
was a call made by a numbor of
organiwuions tor the population to
demonstrate its desire for no more
war. Did it manifest any interest
in It? Woll, there were a few hundred bannerettea, half a dozen
bands, somebrakeloads of women
and children, and a few Trade
Union banners carried by an equally few advanced trade unionists.
But the population of London according to the last census is estimated at 4,483,249!
Was the demonstration worthwhile?   Was it effective?
No one who was presont could
say that it was, and be honest with
himsolf. A demonstration to be
effective must certainly register by
its mass appearance an intelligent
understanding of things as they
are. One could only assume that
those people were either very stupid
or very dishonest. Perhaps it
would be generous to say that
there was probably a mixture of
No more war! You know one
can be very pious and bring out a
phrase like that. And by the way
it is very safe just at the moment*
Further, many of these people not
so very long ago wero as busy as
bees stirring up as much hate as
they knew how and using any
story, no matter how despicable
(In fact sometimes it seemed they
choose the worst) to foment racial
What guarantee have we that In
the event of another outbreak they
will not find the same excuses for
workers fighting In the cause of
capitalism that they found before?
That ls just the trouble with
piety; it always means well, but
whero it fs not insincere It ls mud-
dleheadod, and where it is insincere it is treacherous.
For example, most of the speakers stated that so long as capitalism existed there would be war.
Moral, In order to abolish war,
abolish capitalism. Simple. But
the gathering was called by the
Leaguo of Nations chiefly. The
League of Nations does not advocate nor believo in advocating the
abolition of capitalistic society.
Ergo, tho Leaguo of Nations does
not aim at no more war. It believes in the pious expression!
One of the speakers on the
League's platform was a lady. I
know she was a lady beoause she
pointed to the skies and talked
about God. For years she* has
masqueraded as a Socialist. Then
she went to Russia, came back,
wrote a sensational book, and immediately leaped into fame as a
convinced Socialist who did not
agree with Bolshevism. Hore was
the stuff! The anti-bolshevists
were delighted, and many a poor
struggle?., against capitalism, and
worker in favor of world peace
found himself floored by tho "personal experiences of Mrs. Philip
Mrs. Snowden is no peace maker.
She said she waa sorry to so that
Russia was so contemptuous of the
.Leaguo of Nations. Russia knows
what.s what, and puts tho pious
resolution at Its true value—which
is nil—and pins ita faith In the
revolutionary consciousness of the
masses. Slowly but surely the
workers must dominate and then
and not till then will there-] be no
moro war, In the meantime the
pious resolutions for peace will be
snowed on, when world revplution
Is here they will be snowed under.
Lumber Worker* Win Striko
The workers in Camp 1 of De-
Wolf &*. Ham, contractors, on the
Ymir Road at Nelson, B. C„ were
working nine hours por day. but.
came out on strike for an eight-
hour day and got It in a ver>' short
space of time This makes us ask
the question why the workers in
tho other camps in thii district do
not wake up and make a stand for
the eight-hour day. It the workers in the other camps in this district would only fight the boss instead of helping him we would
soon have the eight-hour day her*,
tho same-as across, thc line. We
have been listening to the wail of
the lumber barons too long about
thom not making any profits, but if
they were not making any profits
from our labor they wouIdv soon
close down their camps an<J mills.
In the days of slavery before tho
American Civil War the owners of
the slavea used to see that their
slaves wera looked after, but toda*
when the bnaaej| do not want you
they discbarge you, and if you do
not leave at onco they will call ?or
their gunmen and run you off their
property. If you are locked out by
some dispute in regard to working
conditions, or some other grievance,
then thoy cal! for volunteers, military, boy scouts, and working men
answer thcir call. They come and
shoot down their fellow worker**
because tlieir mnstors tell them to.
Why cringe', beneath their heel any
longer? Get organized. If thore is
no,delegate ln your camp soo that
ononis elected, so that we can put
up a battle tor the eight-hour day.
President HardingAdmits
- that Equipment is
(By The Federated Press)
Chicago. — President Harding's
admission, in his message to Congress, "there has been such a lack
of care of motive power that the
deterioration of locomotives and
the noncompliance with the safoty
requirements of the law are threatening the breakdown of transportation/' is the final testimony to
tho success of tbe railway shopmen's strike In defense of American living conditions and working
This was the opinion at national
strike headquarters here after
perusal of newspaper accounts of
the president's messago. Comment
on the meeting tn New York of
train service brotherhood officials
and rail executives, where an 1111 revealed pence offer wass discussed
.but not acted upon, was withheld.
Reports of defective equipment
continue to pour Into headquartera
The Atlantic Coast line men report "hot boxes" delaying all
freight trains. Switch engines on
their last legs. Train No. 95, July
28, used seven engines to get train
through. Every train carries cars
with steps, handles and so forth,
out of order. Brake, rigging gone
off trucks In nearly every train."
Fort Madison, Ia. (Santa Fe) reports "no government inspector at
this point since the striko began."
These reports are taken at random from a mass qf similar statements
Ifulldlng Permits
Aug* lfi—Foot Heatley Avo., pier,
Northern Construction Company
contractors,  $5.000,000.
Aug. 18— 14a 13th Ave. W.,
dwelling, A. Davis owner, $3000;
,2574 Vine Street, dwelling, P. Bet-
terton owner,  |3000.
Aug. 19—2331 6th Ave. E., dwelling, J. Ferguson contractor, $2200;
1930-J4 Powell Street; stores, J. D.
Kneale owner, $2600; 190 Robson,
gas station, Dominion Construction
Company contractors, $8000.
Aug. 21—Foot Smythe Street,
[burner, Calder Chimney Company
contractors, $4600; 57a Kamloops,
dwelling, Deenesl and Boniface
contratcors, $5000; Granvillo I&r
land, warehouse* Anglo-American
Trading Company owner, $5000;
1595 Trafalgar, dwelling. H. Q, Ball
owner, $2600; 35 10th Ave. K.,
dwelling, J. J, Wright contractor,
Coroner's Jury Find Com-
■7. pany Responsible
"     ior Deaths
(By The Fadonit-d, Pross)
jMa-loii,', 111.—The so-culled Her-
rln massat-re in which the fatal
shooting of three union coal strikers was fallowed by a battle which
resulted in tho killing of 19 strike
bneftkers and company guards at
th_' strip mino of the Southorn
Illinois Coal Co., will be investigated ■ by: a Williamson county
grand jury which is to begin work
AuffUBt 28.
The Jury will be instructed by
Circuit' Judge Do Will T. Hartwell
to probe the shooting by company
men of; the union minors June 21
which started the bloodshed and
to inquire into the events that followed.
The coroner's Jury of throe Her.
rin business men and three miners
fonud The company, of which William J*. Lester. Chicago, fs ' president, directly and indirectly responsible for tho deaths and destruction of property. C. K. McDowell, mine superintendent, who
lost his Ufe in the conflict, was
named by the Jury ns tho man
who had started the affair by the
killing of George Henderson, an
unarmed union miner.
Lester, when urged by Col. Samuel HUnter, Illinois national guard,
to cease operations in order to
avoid bloodshed, repliod, "I'll bo
damned if I will." He had previously broken his agreement with
ong Umm
PUoquet ftc.4 not, buttam* .»h. at wrlit.
Ct-Wt tOBtfM tt mi S«t*tt*_) FAC*0?1
Brand oomti «ith«r In tk* «••* co»t ityta
or eletti treat, with »Kl*» lour thr**-
fcuttdn vnt to hell-tot* toktot off.
OiiM-ft -*M, ._.*mw« * ■
FACTOR Brend Shirta tern* ia ft vide ohoic* of m»Wr___i nM pu-ttealarly for
wear by tho mechanic, workman or iportsman. Sate* fnm tht Mtowiaf tk* parHeutar
thirU ttat will m.et yonr neeija and ordar by nturtar:
Np. JOl^FACTOH Brand Work Shirt ef we«l
Ample room without umlut kulk   ki   th*
body Hues.
Neat-fitting shoulder yoke aud collar.
Jlxtra roomy ar-»»it anl iltav* eut witk »
»en«roun amoiiat «l material, npt |MMfM
liiit tajwlw qututy shirt, tkat binfl umj
Wn. ar fre-*!!* ef. «.-Ctlc>ck,
Kh»W flamwl. Coat Mylc Turn down collar.
Two bellow* pockets. _*i  BA
Each     tfOtOKl
No. 1.3*-_l<AC_rO_t Brand Work Shirt. Khaki
moleskin.   Coal atyle. t>*i Af|
Bach  aJHJ^UV
No, W-^FACTQH Brand Work Shirt. 81**
fleeced twill.   Cloaed front. *n  g*
Breast pocket.   Bach  <p__-*Dv
No. 106—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt. Oray
cotton military flannel. Closed . d»o aa
front.   Breast pocket.   Each  •P-SeUU
No. l-8-r-_'ACTOl. Brand Woik Shirt. Superfine
cotton khaki gabardine.   Turned down collar.
Fo«*4 hraaat pook*». Coat *t*l*. An Ideal
shirt for golf or aay ouldaor e*ey m
■port.   Baoh m V«6*«*V
No. 101—FACTOR Brand Work Ihlrt Neat blue
»rey itek and pick chamhray. la toed medium
weight. Clo«d front. Turned *1 Bf»
dow* collar. BreaM pocket. Baeh*#I*UU
No. U«—FACTOR Brand Work Ihlrt Mra
heavy weight Blek aad pick ckambray. Cloaed
front.   Breaat pocket. £A Ml
Each   , ffcUU
No. 112—FACTOR Brand Work ahtrt.   ftojer
quallty   black   mereartied   aatoa*.     Claded
front.   Breaat pocket.
T^sanVte -J-imitani* jffjffi*
the union to confine operations to
uncovering the veins of coal, but
not to load or ship any coal during the strike.
The Illinois chambor of oom-
m.erce Is raising $25,000 to "prove
to the world that justice still
reigns and that human life is safe
in Illinois," to bo used to prqj*o-
cute those believed responsible for
the killing of the strikebreakers
and company guards. The appeal
for cash reads in part:
"On June 22, 1922, in Williamson county. Illinois, a -*_ur_ of men,
unarmed and with thoir hands
high above tbeir heads, wero slain
in cold blood, their only offense
being that they dared to make an
honest living by working in the
strip coal mines situated between
the towns of Marlon and Herrin.
"According to tho best evidence
obtainable they wero set upon by
a well armed mob of more than
1,000 persons to whom thoy unconditionally surrendered, and were
tied together, insulted, and sub'
jeeted to physical torture before
being shot."
London.—The extent of unemployment can be ganged by the increasing number of those on tramp
in England, at the present time.
Last quarter in Yorkshire over
85,000 were admitted to the casual
wards, ;is against 47,000 in the corresponding period last year. A
number of these nre ex-service
men who feel their position
Vancouver Summer
Race Meetings
Brighouse Park
Aug. 26th to Sept. 2nd
$3,500.00 Distributed Daily
3 Races Eaoh Week—$600.00 Per Race Added Value
To Holders of Five Year
5i per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holders
of these bonds who desire to continue their
investment in Dominion of  Canada  securities the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for ntw
bonds bearing Si per cent interest, payable half yearly,
■ of either of the following classes:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
|                       1922, to mature 1st November, 1932.
While tha maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to cam
intereat from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
Thia offer fs made to holders of the maturing bonds
and is not' open to othtr investors. The bonds to be
iuued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character at those whieh are maturing, except
that the exemption ftom taxation does not apply to the
new issue.
Dated at Ottawa, 8th August, 1923.'
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Blanch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive in exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bonds of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as uaual. Holders oi
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
The surrendered bonds will be forwarded by banks
to the Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bondt of the new issue, in ftdry
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of eaeh year of the duration of the loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bonds
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted undtr thia proposal will be paid off in cash- oa
the 1st December, 1922.
Minister of Finance. TAGE FOUR
FRIDAY '..,.._fc-St   _5.,1-
A Dick Suit to give
you value and
Bargains from
the Dick Stock
The Famous <fcOA
Blue Serge        «P«->Y
This is our famous Blue Serge Suit.
Guaranteed fast color, 20-oz. weight.
Tailored into men's and young men's
styles. Single and double-breasted
models. Carefully tailored nnd finished.
We guarantee a perfect fit
Stoat Men's
$30, $35
Blue and Grey Serges, well made and
carefully finished. Single and double-
breasted models arc included among this
group of serviceable and go'fid-looking
suits. Sizes up to 48. We aim to suit the
hard to suit.
Send measurements of
chest, waist, leg, sleeve
and height. All orders sent
on receipt of price.
New Worsted
English and Canadian worsteds, in a wide
variety of patterns, Both single and
double-breasted, two and three-button
models. Well tailored and finished and
carrying the Dick guarantee.
'Yoar moneys worth or your money back"
Tells Shopmen to Stand
Pat in Rail
(By S. Erkner, Berlin.)
TN the foreground of political
J aftiohH, disputes and treaties of
tlie great powers stands King Oil.
This is due to the importance of
this raw material in the technical
economic processes. In consequence of vnrious natural advantages mineral oil has greatly encroached    upon    the    dominating
'position which up to now was occupied by coal in economic life, and
has particularly displaced It In
transport. In aerial transport mineral oil haB the monopoly as a
motor power. In shipping It is well
on tho way to gaining it. In inland
traffic oil Is used for the motor
vehicle which played such a prominent part during the war and the
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade fleer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We. have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan & Brookhouse
Phone*:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
importance of which as a means of
transportation is becoming greater
and greater, particularly in the
transportation of goods. If mineral oil has only slowly been recognized as a means of motor power
for railways and for industry, this
Is less a result of rational technical
considerations. Such a process Of
change which would placo on a
new basis not only transport but
the whole of industry requires a
very jong time for its realiiatlon.
Furthermore, the relative scarcity
of mineral oil is restricting this
process. In addition to this, those
immediately interested in coal pro-
duetion would oppose such a transfer of the whole economic life to
the widest possible oil basis and
would seek to postpone It, however
rational It might seem from a purely technical economic point of view.
In agriculture the importance of
mineral oil is likely to increase
with the Increased application of
machinery. Thus in the future the
use of oil must increase throughout the world, and those who possess mineral oil wells will have the
greatest Influence upon world
economy and world politics.
Before the wnr, American oil
capital had the monopoly on the
oil market of the world. It was
due to production for the world
market that It carried on such a
large export. It Is true there were
oil districts In Europe with a great
production, particularly in Russia,
but these catered only to the requirements of their own and neighboring countries, that is, chiefly to
Inland markets, so that they possessed only local importance and
did not disturb the great enterprises of American otl capital on
the world market. A cnloswl
chango has taken place. The oil
consumption of the United Statos
has reached such dimensions that
In spite* of her very large production she Is obliged to Import mineral oil. The oil fields of tho
United States will therefore be
completely exhausted In a relatively short period of time, if oil production continues to develop in the
way it hns hitherto.
Yet, the Americans still dominate the world oil market. For
apart from thc fnct that the United
States stfll produces over 62 per
cent, of tho total world output of
mineral oil, Americnn oil capital
controls about three-quarters of
thc present world supply, so that In
this respect its home consumption
nnd export arc entirely met out of
its own production. If the American oil mngnatcs are fighting
fiercely for the fourth quarter,
their primary object is not to get
hold of the actual output of the
various oil districts. In this struggle they hnve an essentially moro
Important end In view. It Is a situation of the contested oil districts
which constitutes their commercial,
technical, strategic and political
In the future, world power must
be based upon.sea power and every
state thnt desires to seize world
power, must strive to bring under
Its control those oil districts which
arc favorably situated for world
transportation. For, mastery of
the world will not go to the ont
who has merely succeeded in getting hold of the greatest oil supplies, but to the onc who has at
his disposal sufficient oil reserves
ut every centre of world trafflc.
England has In the course of tlm*
gotten a grip on all such oil districts anil left the United States
In the background.
Thus England controls the greater pnrt of the oil production of
Mexico. Mexico Is situated on the
Atlantic and Pacific oceans and the
merchant ships which nro currying
Claims Real Struggle Is
With WaU Street     k
By Laurence Todd
(Federated  Press  Correspondent)
Washington.—Warning the strikr
Ing shopmen and their allies that
no settlement of the conflict has
been reached, and that nobody
should return to work until officially notified by his organization to do
so, Bert M, Jewell, president, railway employees' department, A. F.
of L„ has issued an appeal to the
men to keep up the fight until they
have clinched their victory, president Harding's message to Congress has not changed the situation.
Cat and Mouse Tactics
Jewell and the chiefs of the 16
railroad labor organizations have
observed that the "cat and mouse"
tactics of the administration, and
the arrogant attitude ofthe railroad
managers and bankers, too long
to become optimistic over the consent of the managers to talk with
the chiefs of the transportation
Far more significant of the approach of peace,' they feel, is the
confession by Harding an* thein
terstate commerce commission that
tho rolling stock of many of the
most important railroad lines is
breaking down. The shopmen
know that the day of surrender ls
steadily approaching. Wall Street
and its railroad dictatorship have
been whipped by the organized
"The strike fs won," says Jewell,
through Labor, the official organ
of the railway crafts, "tfnd all that
Is now necessary Is for the railroad
employees to do now as*; they have
all during the strike—comply with
the laws, refrain from violence,.not
to associate with the emissaries of
tho enemies whose purpose it is to
incite violence, but by every legal
and proper act vigorously continue
the strike, paying no attention r to
newspaper reports or other rumors
that the strike is to be or has been
Struggle with Bankers -<-
In another article in the same
issue Jewell voices the1 belief- of
railroad labor that its Struggle Is
with the banking interests centred
In Wall Street, who irresponsibly
ordered the attack upon tht unions.
"From the beginning of the
present strike nnd for years 'before," he says, "we have been1 contending that the great financial Interests -of the nation are Mio,renl
managers of the railroads. It' has
been charged and proven, that
these bankers forced conditions
that made a strike unavoidable,
actuated as they aro by a desire to
destroy labor organizations and
establish more firmly'an industrial
autocracy In this nation.
"Evidence has been adduced
proving that the president's original peace proposal wns not repudiated by the railroad executives,
but wns repudiated by the bankers
who dominated them ln every official act The bankers did not want
peace. They spurned the plea of
the president and sent Mr. Hoover
along about his business, which
was to make a perfunctory Appeal
to the railroad executives thai already had been adversely received
by the real'masters'of. transportation."   • ■. *
cargoes to the South American
markets and further'on to the Australian and Polynlstan ports are dependent upon Mexican oil.      ■'
Iu the other oil districts the conditions are still more unfavorable
for the'American oil -capitalists.
These oil-producing areas are all at
the other side of the globe, where
up to now the Americans have no
oil supplies under their control,
and where in the future they will
only be able to compete with difficulty. The minera) oil stores of
the -Dutch East Indies, Mesopotamia and Persia, are closely situated to the most important ocean
routes of Asiatic commerce. Commerce In the oil products of these
countries can easily be carried on;
warships and merchant ships cnn
hnve ready access to them at any
time. Moreover, coal Is dearest In
those countries lying on the Indian
and Pacific oceans, so i'ithat .here
too oil must gain thc predominant
place In industry sooner' than, in
other countries.
The renson why America.!* -conducting such an energetic-, ftshtfor
the disputed oil districts Is that *he
is striving for „ world 'Hegemony.
For she has secured the -enormous
requirements of her home nun Hot
through her own output supplemented by part of that of Mexico.
Those who bring under their Influence those oil districts which hie
of Importance to world ■■bommeree,
naturally have an advantage In the
competition'for the most Important
markets; for through the control of
motor power they have ■" in thWr
hnnds the means of transportation.
Those who are defeated In this
competition will Anally cease to
play any part ns a woVld powor.
Tie Up Was Effective in
Ail Lines of
Empress Theatre
Margaret Marriott haa created a
decided Imp. canton, on - Vancouver,
theatregoers thla week In "Kathleen of Klldarc," and the balance
of the |)]_ycrn of the.Associated.
Stock company have lived up to the
flne standard which was expected of
them. Next Week, "Step Lively
Hazel" wtll he.the attraction and
lots of fun will be provided for the
Kmpress patrons. Margaret Marriott and John O. Fee will be the
centre figures In this piece.
Portland. Ore.—On the Portland
docks there arc three men waiting'
for every Job. The longshoremen
are straining themselves to.. _Iib-
breaking point trying to ste' who
cnn work the hardest.
Italy Is Face to Face with
Grave Financial
Washington. — Italy's general
strike, according to a report from
Assistant Commercial Attache Osborne, at Rome, was more complete
at Genoa than In any other city.
The Genoese dock workers, he
says, were reported to be all on
atrlke. At Palermo the street car
service was "being maintained by
volunteers," railroads operated by
"volunteer workers and soldiers.'
This strike . began at midnight,
July 31, ln protest against the failure of the government to protect
labor organizations and radicals
agalnBt fascist! attacks. It grew
out of the me(al workers' Btrike in
Lombardy, which began June 3.
Osborne reports that "the gen
eral outlook in Italy is not cheerful, although there are a few en
couraglng features." Thus, the
government deficit for the fiscal
year ended June 30 exceeded estimates by a billion and a half lire
(1 lira equals ? cents present exchange).
"In spite of the increase in revenue over 1920-21 and over the
original estimates," he says, "the
deficit for the year 1921-22, set as
5,000,000,000 lire on Dec. 81,1921,
has actually amounted to 6,581,000,
000 lire. The estimated deficit for
the year 1922-23 ls 4,000,000,000
lire, but ln view of the considerable deviation from estimates in
tho past year, these figures can
hardly be considered as more than
a rough guess. The realization of
the grave effect of the continued
deficits in government operations
on the International prestige of
Italy has elicited considerable discussion as to methods of reducing,
and in the long run eliminating
them, and has led to thc formation
of a parllaemtary economy alliance
by a number of deputies."
One Hundred Thousand
Take Part in Sports
in Germany
Only Reduced Indemnity
and Loan Can Aid
Entire Bourgeois Group
Behind Monarchist
(By Anise)
'.Moscow.—I had a talk yesterday
with Karl Radek, the fiery editor
of Pravda and the communist expert on central European affairs.
"What is happening In Germany?"
I asked him.
"Germany Is economically finished," he said. "Only a big reduction of her Indemnity and a big
loan from America could possibly
enable her to go on. This is the
economic basis which sharpens the
struggle In Germany, and underlies the development of the workers' movement and also of the
monarchist movement.
Monarchist Movement
"The monarchist movement has
behind it, not only the confessed
monarchists, but the entire bourgeois group, the soldiers, the big
industrialists. Their suport Is not
open, and Is In some cases not
more than half-hearted, but the
basis of their support is that unless the monarchists seize power
the government cannot withstand
the growing demands of the workors. That is why the bourgeois
group is swinging Into the camp
of complete reaction,
"A government miy be formed
Including the Independent Socialists. The other poslbltlty Is that
the Stlnnes party' may get power,
either soon or after the breaking
of a coalition ln whloh the Independents take part. With the
Slinnes party in power the workers will be driven to a united front
against the government."
Speaks of Hague
Radek talked of The Hague.
"We need waste no tears on It,"
he said, "The entente has shown
clearly that it has nothing to give
us. Individual capitalists are more
hopeful than- these governments.
For even German capitalists have
some money, but th<|.e governments are nothing but a bunch of
debts. We shall get Individual capitalists to take conceslons In Russia. And also our good harvest
will of Itself bring about development of industry,"
Tlio greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can
render m at this time, Is by securing a new sunscriber. By doing M,
you wprciul tbe news ot the working class movement and assist ns
AiUcltUd Plum Limit,-
In th, porfsminflr funny
farr. comedy,
ran—All WHk—run
Bote,  fl,   Lower Floor 75e,
Bsleoniea SOc-_5c O.H.ry  lie.
B.rialn Matin..,, W.d. « Bat.,
10c, _5c, <0e
Parade Took Two Hours
to Pass Given
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Director, Tho Federated Presa)
Lelpslc, Germany.—Almost' unnoticed by the capitalist pross, one
of tho most marvelous demonstrations of working class solidarity
took place here July 24-27, when
100,000 workers, among them 10,
000 from othor European countries and the United States, gathered for the first workers' Held day
held on a national and international scale in Qermany.
Athletes of every description
there were—swimmers and discus
throwers and shot putters and
vaulters and runers—In short,
overy sport known at an American
high school or college was made
the subject of frlendy international combat. The parade of the 100,
000 participants, who marched
eight abreast intwo sections marching from opposite ends of the city,
took two solid houra to pass any
given point.  .
Nobody but an organized worker
could participate. The arrangements for housing and feeding the
Immense throng of athletes and
spectators were In the hands of
the trade unions of Lelpslc' The
mass choruses, the bands, the government representatives, both of
the national administration and of
the State of Saxony, all were' men
and women from the ranks ot tho
masses. At the end of the opening
exercises on Sunday afternoon,
athletes and spectators Joined In
singing the workers' Internationale.
Czechoslovakia sent 6,000 representatives, Switzerland 1.000. Bel-
glum over 100, and Prance, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway
ond the United States the rest.
The German contingent numbered
One of the high spots of the occasion was the series of setting-up
exercises by the 15,000 athletes.
A particularly picturesque panorama was presented whon tho
Czechoslovak delegation stepped
forward, the women dressed, ln
sport waists of dark material surmounted by white sailor colors', in
dark blue bloomers, and with a red
headgear, the men wearing white
athletic shirts without sleeves, long
trousers of dark blue material, and
dark caps with fire-red tops.
Not the least marvelous thing
about the Arbeltersportfost, as lt
was officially oalled, was the commissary organization. Pour giant
ovens turnod out 1.200 buns every
half hour, besides baking cakes to
satisfy all needs. Every 15 minutes an auto arrived from a nearby
kitchen, bearing 60 vats of soup.
One of the largest buildings that is
otherwise used for the annual Lelpslc fair, was stocked with dishes
and crockery. Tho workers, ln
cafeteria fashion, drew thcir dishes
Bruce's Suite
Are Unexcelled for
Style and Value
!/ D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
Exceptionally Low Prices
on Children's
Paris School Shoes Specially Strong All
Popular nne_ of children's Solid Leather Shoes
Shoes that stand the'test  of No.   B   923_p0r   downright
hard   wear-    No.   B   921- hard wear-this is the shoe for
This  shoe   is   made   in   both >.our glrl, ; It ls   mftde   on   a
black   and    brown    calfskin, wide, roomy last, insuring solid .
with good-grade   double   sole com(ort   jw0 tu„ ,_,.. _, ht
and high lace upper.   It com- ..-th,,,^,, the Met.   and   stout
tones neatness and long wear. ^.afn leather uppers.
Misses' sizes, 11 to 2.   Our new
Fall Opening           *COQC s|ws 11 to 2,           <t *J   _< E
Price, pair  .JiO.VO     «t ipD.tO
No. B 922—Children's   Shoes, S!!M 8 t0 10!4'      C9 fiC
same quality as above, in sizes     at  ■  *9*t*evj
«:-*:... $3.65 TH™:.. $2.25
__ Nature-shaped Shoe Parts-Make Means'Long Wear
Hastings W.
and then formed in lingo "breadlines" to get their meals of soup,
bread, noodle.-., nnd beefsteak, varied on succeeding days with different combinations—all for 25
marks, or, in American exchange,
about Ave cents!
Tho old timers In the movement,
in tho course of the banquets that
took place simultaneously Sunday
night, tn 39 halls, pointed with
great pride to the development of
the athletic movement from its
practically illegal beginning during
the days of the Hohonzollerns.
In those days many a teacher of
gymnastics was put in jail for "political activity," they narrated,
when his only offense waB that he
dared teach a class of workers.
Started In 1893, with a national
membership of 4,000, the Arbeiter-
Turn-und Sportbund had become
such a thorn In the flesh of the reactionaries by 1914 that 200 local
associations were declared illegal.
Today Its membership Is almon
Hand your neighbor this copy o
The Federatlonist, and then cal
around next day for a subscription
Convenience In vacation dayi lti
made possible by the telephone. The'
telephone shield •ign aloof the hlgh-
wijrs means that anxieties can be
eliminated, changed plans msde
known, emergencies more quickly relieved. It Is symbol of assurance to
the motorist, and he may rely on It
day and night. Ia our rural offices,
a telephone booth has been placed outsido so that It la always convenient
(or people travelling to pit In a call.
Soviet Russia neads machinery— vast quantities of it.
_ The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today—Help At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Up the
World'a First
Workera' Republic
Aitbiu my, TOiilrllmtlun pf $         to holp Iniiltl up
Soviot llussla of the Workers and Peasants. .
Name '. ,	
City  Slate 	


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