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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 20, 1922

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Array "v /
General Convention
of Lumber Workers
for Red International
Gordon Cascaden Is Repudiated—Edmonton Local
Suspended1 Owing to Carl Berg's Activities-
General Office and Coast District
to Be Combined
... T ■'
rpHB General Convention of thefman d,*f ; sd the motion "Carrie*
I Lumber Workers' Industrial
. *** Union of Canada opened on
Honday morning, January llth, at
lt ».m„ at SI Cordova Btreet West,
'{•legates being present from several of tbe eastern aiid northern
At the Monday forenoon session
tke recommendation from the
Coast Braneh calling upon the
General Organisation to affiliate
fcoaiedlataly wttk the Red Inter
national of Labor Unions came up
tot discussion. A Very lengthy debate oa the question ensued. The
«elegates from the Eastern Dls-
Srtets, who previous kad not had
aa opportunity to discuss the question, showed their keen Interest by
Ike very thorough manner they
discussed tta question, alwaya
keeping In mind the eltsct that this
hove would hive on the organisation. Towards the olose of the
Honday afternoon session a vote
en the motion to "aillliits immediately" waa taken, and the chair.
Sunday Newspaper  De-
1 scribes MamUensInsight of Burns
(By Tho Federated Press.)
Chicago,—Although ths Wall St.
bomb myetery haa yot been solved,
the Hearst newspapers apparently
are determined to make the public
believe that everything Is all right
and that the villains have been
safely taken care of. Simultane
•usly they are setting forth William
j. Burns, head at tha U. 8. Secret
•ervlce, as the man who has ac
t*t*>tii0mtt£he,mir< -'■'-
unraveling the mystery.
The Bunday edition of the Herald
hnd Kaamlner carried a full page
picture "layout" of William J.
Burn., his sons, the scene of the
bomb explosion, how the great detective works, and oven a few of
the metal slugs which the Wall
Street bomb Is supposed to have
contained. Over the "layout" was
__e line, 'The Man Who Solved the
.•Wall Btreet Bomb Mystery," Dir<
' eotly underneath were "the pene
•rating eyes of Wm. J. Burns," ae.
cording to the head writer.
The story accompanying the pic
lure "luyout" ta of decided Interest
as an Indication of the extremes to
Whieh the metropolitan papers are
going In their efforts to make the
public believe that the Wall Street
-.•sp-Mlon was not the result of
aarelessness on the part of agents
•f the Dupont Powder Company.
After describing the explosion,
Ike writer says: 'There was one
man who knew that bombs were
being built and who had sent a
waralng through the flnanclal district." Ho-waa Burni And ten
minutes after the explosion of that
doadly machine, which, reverberated around tha world; that same
Kan (Burns) stood at the scene of
the explosion and said:
"No, It Is not ah accidental explosion of the dynamite being used
for that building over there; lt was
not the' work of bank robbers; it
was not the oraay act of a lunatic.
That bomb was built aha paid for
and flred by. the agents of the
Technical Committee of the Third
Internationale, the Russian Communists."
. The rest of the article is devoted
to telling the reader how "now,
after a year and four months, the
hand of William J. Burns has
reached over into the heart of Russia and dragged forth a man who
kas revested the full history of the
bomb.'" This, of course, refers to
the reported arrest ot Wolfe Lln-
denflcld at Warsaw, Poland, Instead
af In Russia, and also, of course,
Llndenfleld has been shown up as
an arch-liar, not only by the labor
publications of the country, but by
many of the pnetropolltan papers.
But the amaslng part of the story
|l the following:
"As chief of the great Burns International Detective Agency, lt
was Burns' business to know that
that bomb (the Wall Street bomb)
was being constructed. He did
know It.   Ha warned the bankers."
And yet, according to the same
writer, Burns waited until ten mingles after the explosion to reveal
what he knew about the aforesaid
unanin _,   <■
up wo g
CaVcadi *
sor. Oi :
by the!...
first Co
Unions I
caden Geta His
: question to be taken
, question' of Gordon
Journalist from Wind-
•; who had been ssnt
,ionton braneh to the
a 'e of the International
S,»jrnd*' aad' Industrial
". foacow.    Information
waa pM <J lefore the convention,
showing/tnat this individual bad,
While ln Moscow, purported to represont the entire organisation af
tha Lumbar Workera without being authorised to do so; and also
that ha kad Voted against suoh
fundamental .questions aa: The
Dictatorship of the Proletariat;
recognition of the principles of the:
class struggle; and united actio*
with all revolutionary organisations of a given country for the
purpose of offensive and defensive
struggle with the bourgeoisie. It
was alao pointed out. thst-Gascoden
ln his report stated that he had
voted against al--queetlonS'because
on one occasion debate on a certain
question had been closed before he
had spoken on the question. A
resolution was adopted repudiating
the stand taken by, and the actions
of, Cascaden while In Moscow; the
organisation disclaiming any responsibility for sending him there.
During, the discussion It was a_s»
pointed out that the Oeneral Bx-
oeut.ro Baard had been asked ta
give thta man credentials.but had
refused ta do so on tha ground that
the-' man was not known to them,
that he was a'Journalist who lived
three thousand miles away from
the headquarters; and that events
had proved that he knew nothing
neither about this organisation or
the labor movement ln general,
Combine OMces
A. motion was adopted to combine the work of the Coast Branoh
and the Headquarters olllce.   The
Coast Secretary to do the work
" the Geeierol aeeretary, but all
_J**_*P&*__°_^ie% H J»l
separate. n_OM* Iprangeihent
dnly a temporary measure which
will have to be altered during the
year owing to the Increasing work.
The object, ln taking this step was
(Continued on page I)
Workers' Party WiH Meet
in Toronto on
Feb. 17
Australian Workers Prepare for Formation of
One Big Union
(By W. Francis Ahern)
(Federated Press Staff .Correspond
Sydney (N. 8. Wales). — The
grouping of the trades unions In:
Australia on Industrial lines, prior
to their being absorbed 'into the
One Big Union, is helng considered
ky tin Trades Hall councils.   ■
The whole or the unions have
been'tabulated under various de-
pertinents, on an industrial basis.
It Ib laid down that the Individual
worker, In whatsoever Industry hs
may be employed, shall act as a
loyal unit of that Industry in all
matters affecting the common Interests of those employed therein.
For the present and until the
principle of Industrial organizations
shall be more fully developed, the
Individual worker may remain
subscribing member of the union
governing the working conditions,
rate of wages, and training of those
following the occupation to which
he belongs.
In Industries not already amal
gamated, a council will be formed
to which all sections in the Industry
will be afllllated, and to which all
questions of common concern will
be relegated for settlement. '
Representation on the' Trades
Hall Council shall be by Industries
rather than by individual occupations, as at present.
The Australian Council of Action has Issued a manifesto calling
upon all workers to line up behind
the Australian Labor Party, and
join the One Big Union, movement,
thereby unifying the workers* or-
ganlzatlon In Australia.
The Council 1, taking steps to
immediately convene a Fan-Paclflc
Congress of Trado organisations to
give conslderatk. is to all ■ matters
affecting racial, social and econom
lc relationship with each other.
Concert and Dance
Under the ai_spi«*s« of the Frienda of Soviet Russia
-.at the—
PENDER HALL (Tonight), Friday, Jan. 20th
Ooneert, 8-9:30—Damce, 9:80-13 p.m.
AdmisMom:   So»p, Canned Food, and Mediotl Suppliei
tor Russia.
Collection will be taken at dan ee.
Committee Makes Report
of  Progress
The provisional organisation
oommlttee of the' Workers' Party
of Canada, which was appointed ln
December for the purposo.. of organising and arranging for a convention, hap issued a convention
call. Referring to the progress
mads, tho committee states:
"The provisional organisation
committee of the Workers' Party
of Canada Issues tko eonvention
call with an unbounded degree of
confidence. Wa feel that the de-
velopmente since the Toronto-Conference ot December II have more
than exceeded our expectations.
"Our national organiser. Con.-'
rade Jack MacDonald, reports
that his reception in Winnipeg
woald revive the spirits of any
Jaded revolutionist."
Referring to organisation work,
the committee, nays Winnipeg has
a membership of 2-0. and it Is expected that this will be Increased
to too In the very near future: Ref?
erenee ls also made to the progress made ln Vancouver, which,
has a strong local,
"The Best, the present stronghold ef the party. Is moving son.
sMerably, Its teak being to re-
organlke the varloua - educational
clubo into solid branches of tha
Workers' Party. Toronto and
Montreal are carrying on ahd present Indications point to.a solidly:
organised Ontario. We have prac-
tlcally entrenched ourselves In all
industrial centres throughout Ontario. The .work of organisation
Is proceeding In spite of the fact
that the mass propaganda in this
city Is being hampered by having
the meeting places shut down by
the Interference of government authorities. The convention call
reads' as follows:
The provisional organisation
committee haa decided upon To.
The provisional "agenda of • the
Workers' Party convention Is as
(1) Convention called to order
by W. Morlarty, secretary of the
provincial organisation committee.
(2) Election of temporary oncers, consisting of chairman, vice-
chairman and secretariat of three.
(8) Election of credential committee of three.
,    (4) Seating of delegates.
(5) Election of   standing  com
mittees; ■
(a) Programme committee of 16.
(b) Constitution committee of 9,
(c) Resolutions committee of 7.
(d) Press'and propaganda of 7,
(e) Organisation committee of 7.
(f) Ways and means committee
of 7. '    '•
(6) Reports ot standing commit.
(7) Election of central executive
(-)Good end welfare.
The eonvention Kill be composed
of delegates from   tho   following
centres, representing oona flde or-
(Contlnued on Pag» t)
Irish Reds Are Exposing
Fallacy of Free
Tom Myers, M. P., Says
Japan and U. S. to
Fight _
(By Charles Lestor.)
The situation In Britain Is
of such a naturo as to cause, tho
observer to prepare fer. -
metlc developments. . Since
catastrophe of Blaek Friday thn
movoment has seemed like a skip
without a rudder. Spasmodic'*__•'
breaks .by tho unemployed hsnfi
occurred from time to time,; but no
general attack on tho enemy -Via
developed, and outward appearances would Indicate that the working class of Britain has not a k_ek
left In lt. TU Labor Party Is #
credited to sueh an extent that IU
useWtsness ls taken for granted Iff
all Intelligent slaves, ahd In tke, _.  -
last by-election only about tt pet new-with .The Federated Press,
cent of tho electors troubled to ! /"Th* programme of the Tempor-
> meet tank at
Labor Leaders in Spain
Are Lined Up and
(By The Fodorated Press)
Amsterdam. — Spanish workers
have.been deprived of all protection
of the law and have bcen mude
vlutlms of the lawless violence of
the Spanish police, doclared President Cabal. r_ of the Spanish Federation of Labor to the executive
committee of the International of
trade unions here.
"Constitutional safeguards have
been suspended," said Cabalcro.
"Trade union righte have vanished.
Many workers In Barcelona and.
elsewhere were thrown Into prison
without examination and have
never been heard of again. They
were probably murdered by the
prison authorities.
"At the time of the assassination
of Premier Dato, labor leaders were
Indiscriminately lined up and shot.
The practice of releasing men from
prison at night and then shooting
them down on pretext of escape
was resumed by the government.
In some Instances the wives of men
In detention watched outside the
prison al) night to prevent the murder of their husbands In this manner,"
Berlin.—A storm of protest has
"f"erlsen tn the reichstag against the
request of the Spanish government
that Fort and Conception, two
Spanish labor men, be extradited
under suspicion of having assassinated Premier Dato. The government has assured the radical parties that the men will not be given
up unless an Investigation demonstrates their guilt to ths Oerman
authorities.    ■
It Is olaimed that tho two Spaniards are refugees from ths Spanish reign of terror that- kas keen
raging, against labor mea far afsr
Patronize Fed' Adverttsera
The working men and women -nr*. rf
apathetic.   All their t_d._e.rn to"
have fallen down at onoe, and tkey
don't hope forr or expect, either'
suocor ar «_Uvoranc«.    tot coh-;
ditions ara terrfble.  Poverty, gutant
sad ghastly, stniks-abroad lu tvtry
city; the eyes of men and women'
of our class that you moot
you with' eyes ef dead eei
hJnery la everywhere on. tha	
of everyday life, and despair Is
ginning to fasten Its talon*
th* hearts of those who,
for*, have, been the m.est oi
and resolute.   , The
membors In the unions hare
guided by' false economic prlncl.
pies.- The idea was that they couM
bleed the capitalist and cut Into!
surplus value by pulling oft a striko
at every opportunity ahd ruin him
by putting him to all the expense
possible.    They reason this ways
"We work nine hours a day and.
receiv* wages amounting to two*
Wo will shorten the hours front
nine to eight, than to s."en, and
so on, until w» out them down ta
two, and then wa shaft hava
*&*M%-*^_m_w.fr* '-.*-_-.
they worked upon; even the
canny policy had this as Its basis
"We are getting at the capitalist,"
they thought, and with their usual
stupidity, they went through with
it. Many of even' the ' so-called-,
reds had at the back of their minds,
the Arm' conviction that this line of
action would' force the capitalist1
to hand over the means of .produc
tton because It no longer paid him
to keep them. Now ill, Is changed,
and everything Is apparently drift*
Ing, but the undercurrents are
dragging the country' slowly Vut
surely to revolution..
The ruling olass has perceived
the situation and.la preparing, to
meet the danger. The House.of'
Lords Is going to he etrengthened.
order that as many buttresses sis-
possible may be .used to prop up'
the Imperial power.
To enable .the working .class; tw
move correctly, it is necessary that!,
It should have tha- International
viewpoint, and this Is what the old
countryman does not possess. The
Labor leaders hero.' may knew
something about, coal or ship.
building, but . hs .never looks*'
outside- Britain, and asm the*
Irish situation ls viewed 'ail
an alien problem. Egypt .and'
India are so Uttle understood by.
the so-called "Reds," that tie orator ventures to make a speech that
covers the position In thoss coun*
'tries. The Communist.Party liak
done much to counteract this In-'
ternatlonal Ignorance,' but ft is almost spent and the .task ' is too
great for Its present strength. Thi
Washington Conference, as every'
student perceives, ts simply called
to prepare the "Marquis et
Queensbury" rules for the next
war. Tom Myers, the Labor M. P..
says that "Japan and America are
going to light. Britain Is going to
line up with one of them; but at-
though I'm a member of ' (tie
House of Commons. I don't know,
(Continued on Page _) fi
Chicago Committee Seeking tb Bring About
Independent Unions to Be
Brought Closer
Together   .
■]■ (By The Federated Press.)
.Chicago.—Plans for the unlflca-
inn pf all Independent Industrial
irons of the United States and
lata are being promulgated by
ommlttee termed   in   Chicago
m as the Temporary Commit-
tor Working, Class Unity, of
Roy Brown, former chair-
of the general executive board
"ihe I. w. W., la secretary, and
[Ik* Novak, ex-chairman  of th*
1 Machinery Workers' Industrial Union, 1. chairman.       '  ■>.
-Hore. Hardy, former seoretary-
treasurer of the'I. W. W.;'who Is
aiioclatcd with the committee, ex-
_ln»*,Its. programme in an inter-
Committee for Working Class
ty Is to iltilte all small organ!.-
ntlonain one Industry Into One in-
dl^trtal union-dominating tho in-
Inst-y," aald Hardy.    "All these
iMons Should then be brought Into
ihi, solid body. thu. creating a fed-
ilrnlon' of" all' Independent unlona
i "There ore approximately twen-
Xffour independent unions In the
~1ted States.   Our aim Is to solid-
the unions that are definitely
control of industries or dominate
Aside for organisation.  For ex.
the:   Lumber   Workers of
a4a and the O. B. U. of Canada
two separate organizations, but
; confines Itself to the lumber
Ufltry. whlle-the other organises
workers generally.    On thie
esot the line the I. W. W. organelle same workere as the two
inlsatlohs named .above.'
'"There is np reason for two or-
Innt_atl6ne; existing in any one in-
liistry.    The Lumber Workers of
;be j United   States   and   Canada
ijtould have one organisation cov-
nhg the whole Industry.,
'Tta the eastern states ther* ore
ndent 'union* In the
. . tkat should b* com-
Tan* Wlaai_IM. orgenU-
Th* Automobile ahd Aircraft Workers and the Amalgamated Food.-Workers are types of
Independent unions which should
work together.
; "It must he.definitely.Understood
that thla is not a .movement in opposition! to .the existing . unions
within the A. F. of L., but Intends
to confine .Itself to the Industries
already 'organized IndepenjOently.
We will not charter unions In such
Industries as coal mining, printing,
the building or: clothing trade, or
any field In which definite organizations function.
"Our Intentions are to affiliate
with the Red' Trad* Union International,   .which    recognises that
tinder pretence of refornilng it lit ther* are many Independent unions
that cannot, and should not now,
be liquidated, ench ss Metal Mine,
Textile, Foodstuff and Agricultural
Workora. The Executive Board In
ko-caw has'sent. out Instructions
to unite these various Independent
unions and to approach the uni.
'•cation project according to' the
eonditlons prevailing in each country. The Bureau lay* down no
[definite programma
H "Incidentally. If the .Trade Union
IVgucatlenal League Is able to ere-
ste sufficient sentiment for affilia.
tlon with the Red Trade Union International within the big unions
of tbe A. F. of L., there would bi
ho further reason for Independent
•nlono. We. are out for the great-
Ist passible amount of solidarity
Ind- we do not care Under what
banner it Is achieved."
I "Temporary committees to carry
out-our project are being organized
in all Important centres of the
United States. We believe that ■
majority of the rank and file mem
bership of all Independent unions
... _ In favor qt unity."
You dus, wUk to help The Fed-
rlonM. You om do eo by renew-
your -nh«-lpiioo promptly nnd
■ oding I* the subecrlption of your
-riciHi or neighbor.
J. MacDonald
National Organizer of the
Workers' Party of Canada
WiU Be the Speaker at *e Worken' Party Meeting
SuaJay, Jan. 22nd
At the Coboial Theatre
-Xt_.n.  maUtOfHTM
I I I SI, I III. I III, I I I I Si,,
Strikers at Sb Paul Do
Not Fear the
Workers Show Remarkable Courage in Face
of Great Odds
(By Daniel Markell.)
<By Th* Federated Press.)
South St. Paul, Minn.—Packinghouse strikers of South St Paul
ar* fighting againat desperate odd*.
Hunger, cold and bayemte are the
allies of the packer*. Th* Workers
do not fear thebayomteer tke living machines behind. The bayonets may drive them o# tb* street,
but they cannot drive them keek to
work at starvation wags*.
i- The two real allies of th* packna
aro cold aad hunger. I have talked
to strikers and their wives' who face
eviction from their homos, .who
hav* no coal and hot sufficient
clothing, There was not one hint
of surrender In their conversation.
"How can we surrender?" asked
Mrs. John Skurka. "If my husband went back to work his wages
would be 111 a week. How can we
support a family of eight on.lll
a week?"
Skurka faces eviction from his
little home .because of Inability to
pay the rent," They hav* ho money.
They cannot obtain another place.
Thetr landlord, a government employee, has ordered thehi to pay
today or threatens to put them out,
Skurka left his wife and babies
to light. In the front line trenches
during the war. Now the father of
six babies, the oldest T and the
youngest 8, must accept a wage of
111 a week, or be thrown on {the
street.     -
. "I am not going to give ln," he
said. "All day I hunt for work. I
am promieed a Job with an ice company soon, but the landlord says he
will not welt one day for the rent.
Mrs. Skurka spent the. day looking
for rooms to movo Into.
"They say, 'Where Is your money?" and there Isn't any. I beg
with the banker to loan me |25 to
pay tbe rent. They won't' do It.
I did not Imagine ther* wo* any
m%n living who would put th
babtea.eut in the snow without a
Oent"' _[■-■
The landlord hr*3erald Isaacs.
Isaacs admitted to the reporter
that he would do tkat very thing.
He was belllgerant. "Tou work on
a labor paper," he sharled. "You
can't get any Information from me,
see my lawyer."
"What reason have you?" he was
"They haven't paid the rent," he
said. "That's the reason they got
to get out.   What of It?"
John Morland ls another former
service man who fought'lh France.
He showed the receipts of his grocery bill. Last.week he and his
wife and their 11 months old baby
lived on 11.16 worth of groceries.
The week' before they lived on
IS.I8. His wife Is sick, In a few
weeks there Is to be another baby,
and on January 16 the rent comes
due. ' Morland has not a cent.
"Thene tin soldiers can't make
me accept starvation wages," he
The ex-service men among the
strikers, appear to have little re-
. (Continued on page 8)
Reason for Formation
of Worken' Party
Big Crowd Turns Ont to Initial Meeting
Cokmial-OrgiwlMtion and RerfstMee t
Part of Workers Essential in
Class Straggle
at the
THB "rnison d' etre" of'the new'
Workers' Perty wa* aet forth by
Comrade Kavanagh In an hour's
talk to a large audience at th* Colonial Theatre bn Sunday evening.
Th* Interest felt In the new departure was evidenced not enly by
th* full attendaaca and tb* Individual attention of those present,
but also by the number and variety
of the questions put to, and dealt
with by, th* speaker, during tke
second hour of ths meeting. Comrade Bennett' acted as chairman.
All announcement that the thea-
tr* was to have been used for an
eddreee ky a professor of psychology gave Kavanagh occasion to remark on the extent to which psy.
chelogy tn* utilised In the taetice
of tke ruling class, tha obvious Intent at the present thn* being to
creat* a psychology of hon-rcsls-
taaoe to wag* reductions, etc., and.
tke. idea that It la possible after
ell tor th* Uon to lie down with
the lamb.
' Tke Wiping out of autocracy In
Buasia. In 111? wa* universally applauded, but a different situation
arose with the November revolu.
tlon, the wiping out ot th* ruling
olaas control by th* workers, ahd
the Institution of their owa control. Tk* genernl dlsconttnt wai
emphasised after the Armistice
and' the Peace Truly (whioh
brought no peace): and'It came et
• time when capitalism wee
Shaken, credit wee shattered, aad
the whole, world market* wer* destroyed.
XsnesMIe Methods
The capitalist rulers greatly
feared that their tenure, of ofllce
waa of ahort duration, and tkey
commenced to institute terroristic
methods—notably In 'Germany,
Italy, Hungary, and Austria. In
each instance they were aided aad
abetted by the social democrats,
etc., df the: Seoond International
type. Ia every country outalde
Russia tha workers were repaired.
Organisations ef White Guards Indulged In act-Title* with whieh the
alleged atrocities of the Oei
' There
.ungary which
Fascisti ln Italy were of the
class of would-'be savtera
On th* North American contln-
Local   Committee   Now
Linked Up With Friends
of Soviet Russia
The local Russian Relief Com
mittee, along with delegates from
the Workere' Party ond tho Tech
nical Aid Society, has formed a
branch of the Friends of Soviet
Russia in Vancouver. They again
appeal to the workors to come to
the aid of Russia by forwarding
parcels of food, clothing and medical supplies.
In. order to line up the women
who are Interested In Russian relief a meeting for womon will be
held ln Pender Hall on Sunday,
Jan..22nd, at 3 p.m, A special invitation is being sent to the Russian, Lettish, Ukranlan and Finnish
women of Vancouver,
Do not forget the concert and
dance tonight. A good time ls promised, at the same time you can
help the Russians. Send all parcels to Mrs. C. R. Sutherland, 804
Pender St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
The B. C. A-rt Leagu* cordially
Invites the artisans, their wives and
friends of the various Vancouver
unions to a private .view of the
pictures, etchings, mess-tints and
lithographs at their Gallery ln the
B. C. Manufacturers Building, 301
Cordova Bt. West, on Saturday,
January 21st, at I p.m. Music,
song and story.—1. Francis Bur-
sin, Chairman,
Peaee Saturday,
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Oood music, a line floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
lee, ladles lte.
Oae dollar and fifty eenl* le th*
•sat ler t eli months subscription
to tk* Federatlonist.
Council for limitation of
Armaments Makes
(By The Federated Press.)
Washington.—"France ls In the
grip of her militarist clique," says
the bulletin of the National Council
for Limitation of Armaments, In
protest at French refusal to down
arma "Premier Briand le not
their leader, but their victim. It
was to them that he was'speaking
over the heads of the members of
the Washington Conference.
"The delegates who are here represent them and apt France.
They have no sympathy with ths
limitation of armaments. They
hav* blocked for this conference
the limitation of armies. They
have threatened to block the limit-
atlon ef capital ships. They have
now blocked th* limitation of na.
vies with the exception of capital
"Militarism killed In Germany
survives In them. They are an an.
achronlsm ln the new world for
which the blood of the French
pollus was poured out"
The council declare! that the
economic conference at Genoa will
not be the only conforenoe needed
In 1122. It holds that lf the people
of the world will make as muoh
progress In thought upon the problems of disarmament of land and
naval forcea In the next twelve
months oa they have In tho past
two months, "the aboultlon of navies and the reduction of armies
to police size will be up for discussion before next Christmas.
Mors than that. China must still
havo a serious hearing on her demand for cancellation of the twenty-one demands.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho FederationiBt, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Patronize Fed. advertiser,.
'ent there had always'been White
Guards; and now the American
capitalists, owing to the aer ere.
ated la their mind* ky the discontented working class, commenced
repressive meaaure* te track down
tke spirit of tk* workers aad destroy th* vitality ef aay itjenlee
Uon of the working clasa. la.
forco* strikes that wow really
lockouts. Red reid*,   aud
ever HMtod eat la Itassta undsr
the Csar, were   outstanding   tea-
ture* la th*: greatest af
f  ell   de-
Battr  the
workers hat net ret had t* eaStr
from the eame hysteria,
th*y came of-a oommon
which had resisted _a_rpac__noal*
heretofore in tM lead from wkick
It came.
Were kee keen unemployment .
before ee wldespr.ad.-hut never ea
' _OM_fcih_iiie_-'''iiab 4_'.
'ii      "'»~';'i_'i' '" '"'i n 'i'e__3
Ratea of ReUef fot Mar.
ried Men Are Ex-
Many nutters, from tke priee ef
egg* to missing -.tt.rs, were discussed et the unemployed meeting
held bust Sunday In the P.nd* Ml
The discussion ef the price-at egge
cam* up owing to th* dig relief
ofllcr setting kis prlc* en tkese
edibles when handing out *etmt,
and lt was claimed ttat hie prioe
wee greater than that charged In
the stores. . .
The eeeretery Informed tke meet-
«, that a letter ailressed te her
waa decided that a'committee be
appointed to tee the postmaster,
and ask for an explanation.
The committee ' reported that
communications had been received
from several organisation* In sympathy with ths proposed unemployed conference, and that many local
unlona had been approached and
requested to appoint their delegates.
At a previous meeting, it had
been reported that no one knew
the extent of the relief to which
the unemployed were entitled, the
committee being successful in ob- '-
talnlng the rates of relief, as laid
down by the relief department, presented It to the meeting. It roads
as follows:
2 -
0 «
0      115.50
e *.oo
1         1S.00
-        10.15
1        21.15-
1        2«.25
1        2S.15.
5        21.25
1        81.75
•    10.15
8        9..2S
Some of those present who are
receiving relief pointed eut that
there appeared to be a tendency to
cut' down on thess allowances, end
all those entitled to relief were
urged to see that they got all that
they were entitled to, and that they
obtained those things which they
needed, and not what the officials
thouicht they should have.
The South Vancouver representatives reported that there were a
thousand now registered In that
municipality, while the Hastings
Park committee reported progress,
and that at a meeting held In the
morning. It had been decided to interview the city council at an early
date. The. North Vancouver committee reported that Ihe unemployed wore to wait on the city council
In a body.
It was announced that a speaker
had been obtained for the first Sunday In February to explain tho
workings of the Mothers Pensions
J. Q. Smith,'who was asked to
speak while the meeting waited for
the appearance of Alderman-elect
Pettlplece, pointed out that the
workers must do things for themselves, and not expect too much
(Continued on peg* I)
Basket and Flower Social
and Dance
Cnder the auspices of the Society for Technical Aid to Soviet
Russia ead the Ukrainian Workere' Locnl
SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, at 8 p.m.
In CLINTON HALL, Clinton and Pepdar Ste.
OStta t«c ADMISSION Udles Ue
l s s e I i » e e e , s s s s i s e s e e s i. s e s s ss	 *>AGE TWO
fourteenth year.  No. 3   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATJ^fflST  vancopver. a a
FRIfeAY.—... f-jiuary _a, .nt
Published every Friday morning by The B.
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Telephone Seymour 5871
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign.
23.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per year, tl.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity ol Labor:  the Hope of the Work!
FRIDAY January 20, 1922
LIKE all other moyetaents, the working
class movement has been infested with
ideas and fallacies which have acted to its
detriment. One of the most pernicious of
these is the idea that the greater the misery and suffering of the
THB workers,   the   quicker
PHILOSOPHY they will respond and
OF MISERY take action. This might
well be called the philosophy of misery. That this conception
exists in the minds of men who Would
class themselves as scientific Socialists,
can be learned by listening to the conversation sf men in working class circles,
when hunger ia rampant and unemployment from which working elass misery
springs, is to be found on every hand. In,
times like the present, it is not uncommon
to hear this type of individual referring
to the conditions which prevail and to
those suffering from them, make such
statements as, "I hope it gets worse," and
the more, they—referring to the workers—
get of it the sooner they will act. Thia
argument is, however, usually the excuse
of. a lazy revolutionist, who wishes to see
society changed by efforts other than hia
e       •       •
Basing their ideas on this miserable
philosophy, these individuals calmly nit
back and watch the sufferings of their fellows, and not only refrain from doing anything to aid their fellow workers in their
hours of misery, but gloat over .the prospects of a hungry working class taking aetion tfl alleviate its sufferings, never for
a moment taking into consideration the
fact that a man wtihout the necessary
food,, clothing and shelter may become a
•ource of weakness, instead of a fighting
factor in the working class movement.
This, much too common fallacy, has in
the past, broken down the resisting powers of the workers. It has sapped their
energies and prevented them from resisting the downward tendency of the
standard of living, and prevented efforts
being made to relieve the miseries of the
victims of capitalism. These miserable
philosophers claim to be Marxians. They
base their arguments on the economic determinism of the half-baked Socialist, ignoring the fact that Marx himself, made a
■statement to the effect, that the workers
must organise to resist the encroachments
of capitalism ot they would become a mob
without hope of salvation,
• # •
Experience, however, proves that the
workers are more aggressive when times
•re fairly good, and more or less steady
employment is to be obtained. 'When, in
this province, the workers were securing
work without any great difficulty, the
working class movement was not apathetic. It waa virile tnd aggressive. Its demands on the employers were looked upon
m outrageous by the employing class.
But unemployment eame along and we
found that the workers became apathetic
The Labor movement lost its virility. The
•despair which follows want and misery
was on every hand to be Been. But thc
miserable philosopher* still considered
that tb** problem of unemployment was
none of their business, and that the theoretical explanation of the phenomena was
all that was necessary.
x * « •
Others who had an understanding of
working elass psychology, and the effect
of continued misery on the minds of the
workers, considered that the vitality and
the stamina of the workers must be maintained if at all possible. They lent their
aid to the workers in their hour of misery.
Efforts were made to wring from the employing class all possible measures for the
alleviation of the position that the workers found themselves in. These men have
bcen termed opportunists. They have
been derided by the revolutionary Socialist with* three rrrs and condemned as unorthodox. Their efforts have met with
scorn and vituperation. Their motives
have been questioned, but their ideas were
sound, for they were based on the Marxian theories backed up with the tactics of
the revolutionary Socialist, who recognised that the workers must be trained to
resist and to fight against the lowering
standard of living snd capitalistic encroachment.
•        •        •
This brings us to the point where we
are compelled to call attention to the proposed unemployment conference*, which is
expected to be held in the City of Vancouver in the nesr future. Trades unions
have been asked to send representatives
to this gathering, Some have proven apathetic, due to the fact, that the most of
their member* have not been affected to
any great extent by the prevailing unemployment, but htve been affected by the
general laek of interest in the movement. But they, like the element already referred to, overlook the fact that
the sapping of the workers' vitality must
of necessity eventually htve its effect on
their position. Wages tre coming down.
Everywhere there is advantage being tttk-
en of the workers' apathy, Each corporation or Urge employer, bases the arguments for a reduction of wages on the decreases which have already been made,
and for this reason tlone, every effort
should be made at this time to wring from
the employing elass til that can be obtained for the unemployed, and by so do
ing, the employed workers' position will
be that much thc more secure.
* * •
Every union should elect its delegates
to the Unemployed Conference..  Every
working class organization should be represented, and all efforts made to secure
the maximum allowance for the unemployed. But the workers' activities should
not cease there. They should organize
and bring their-organizations to sueh a
state of perfection that they can put up a
fight against all and every encroachment
and tendency to reduce wages. By this
means, the workers will develop confidence
and that class outlook which is so necessary to the working class movement in its
final objective, the overthrow of the present system of rule and robbery.
like the people residing'' in
Britain, wage slaves who do not eenii
the state, and consequently have nd'Jiai
in the ownership of state enterprises. >Tp
imagine it would be 4 hard thing to tm-
vince a worker on the Caadian Nat»^
that he owned a part of it after his wages
had been reduced- He, at least, is net as
green as that. \
GBEEN FIELDS aire always far away.
The further away they are the greener they appear to be, while.those close at
hand appear to be lacking in verdure and
all that which is pleasing to the eye. Thia
fact has been most im-
GREEN pressively  brought  to
FIELDS ABB our attention this week
FAB AWAY. by a British Labor weekly, perhaps we should
spell it "weakly." It appears that a representative of thc Canadian National Railway is now in Oreat Britain to inform the
people of that part of the world all about
the "greatest State-owned railway in the
world," at least that is how it is put in
the publication referred to.
* * *
How green the field of State-owned railways appears in the eyes of the editor of
that paper is denoted by the following
passage whieh he quotes and which was
taken from a publication dealing with the
Canadian National Railroad.:
'' There is a National Railway Board
uqfler a President, just as in a private
corporation," continues tho article
from which I am quoting. "They
have full powers for the management
of the undertaking. The Government
concerns itself with policy only, and
leaves the Board to run the undertaking on business lines. The Board, instead of representing a body of shareholders, represents the whole Canadian people. Under the same direction as the railways is the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine. Canada went into the shipping business
as a war measure to co-operate with
the British shipping. The experience
gained brought home to the Government the need for a national merchant
service as a means of pushing foreign
trade in times of peace. The government ordered £3 vessels to be built in
Canadian shipyards, thereby creating
a now national industry ., , . and
before the end of the year the whole
fleet, representing a tonnage of over
380,000 tons, will be carrying Canadian, products along the great trade
routes of the world."
* * *
While it is nice to know that the Canadian people own a railroad and operate it,
for their benefit, we -fail to see why the
editor of the publication referred to should
get off his chest the following gem:
"I am afraid Canadian people must
all of them be Bolshies. They appear
"■to have no regard whatever for the
sanctity of 'private enterprise,' nor
do they appear to heed the 'dead
-  hand' cry ofthe anti-Labor press in
that eountry.  Their sole concern appears to be that of securing an efficient transeport service that will cater
efficiently for fhe needs of the people.
And 'private enterprise' having failed
to deliver the goods, they have taken
on the job for themselves.  Most unreasonable, I call it  And the outrageous thing about it all is that the
'  nation-owned railway system of Canada is a huge success,   fn 1920 the
Canadian National Bailway carried
26,655,264 tons of freight.   And the
September, 1921, report showed a surplus- of $4,000,000. -Sheer Bolshevism, that's what it is.
* *  '    *
Our friend, the editor who penned the
above lines, is most evidently color blind,
and green appears to be the predominating color in his vision, or he would realise
that State-owned railroads are just as effective in exploiting the working class as
are corporation-owned railroad'systems.
That even thc Canadian National Railroad
is not run for the benefit of the people,
but for the exploitation of the workers,
and the resultant profits. In fact, this is
brought out in thc information which he
supplies us with when he points out that
it is a success, inasmuoh as it made profits
during the year 1921 to the extent of
$4,000,000. • * «
Another factor whieh our friend has
evidently not been acquainted with, is that
the wages of those who operate the Canadian National Bailroad have been reduced.
Thtt theBe slaves htve decided to tccept
t wage eut wliich was made last July, and
which cut'they have been considering un-.
til t very short time tgo, tnd only this
week has it been told that they have accepted the lower wages which they have
been receiving for some time. It might also
be pointed out that the ships which were
built by the Canadian Government were
built for the purpose of shipping the
wealth created by Canadian wage slaves
out of the country. That the railway is
also employed in shipping the wealth
which the workers have produced to the
points where these ships take on their
cargoes, and that the workers
on that road are exploited just as any
' other railroad workors tre, tnd that thi
State-owned railroad is just as mueh a
capitalistic concern as is the C, P. R., and
the dear people do not receive any benefit
from its operation, unless it be that section
of society which owns the means of wealth
'production. No, it is not so, the Canadian
people are not Bolsliios; they are, in the
aggregate, just plain ordinary people like
our friend the editor, who imagine that
State-owned raif_oads and other enterprises are Socialistic, and the majority   of   the   Canadian   people   tre
The Unemployed and Ourselves
(By H. H. Bartholomew)
Arttcl* n—Organisation
SINCE the signing sf tb* armistice which terminated tha great
FBOM time to time moral waves spread
over communities in capitalistic coun-
tries. Uncivilized people are not affected
or even disposed -to seek a revival of a
moral conscience, as they live close to nature and are not conta-
THE minated by the vices of
EVILS OF the modern capitalistic
CAPITALISM world. A short time ago
ago a Vancouver mdrn
ing paper started a crusade against the
drug evil. It later turned its attention to
the evils of the Oliver Government, and
has now taken up the question of the'degrading influence of race track gambling.
One of the evening papers, seeing the drug
evil lying about idle, and seeking new
fields of adventure and profit, and being a
supporter of the Oliver Government tnd
not concerned with its evil doings, haB
taken upon itself the task of abolishing
or curbing the sale of habit-forming drugs.
* •        a
Not being altogether ignorant of the
evils which surround us, we realize the
demoralizing effect of the drug habit. We
also realize the deadly effect of the daily
presB on the minds of the workers, but we
are not out to abolish the drug evil or the
daily papers, and let it go at that, but we
do consider that the system which gave
existence to these destroying
should be wiped out.
* * *
The drug evil, prostitution, even the
prostitution of the capitalistic hack writers, unemployment, hunger- and human
misery of all types and degrees, ean be
traced to the capitalistic system. Based,
as that system is, on human slavery and
profits wrung from the hides of the workers, human-kind must of necessity conform to the rules of the game. Everything
is produced for sale, even the ability of
capitalistic apologists and moral uplifters
has its price under the present system.
Everyone must live by selling something,
be it drugs in the shape of morphine, or
mental drugs such as are to be found in
the usual capitalistic newspaper.
* »        «
A system which places a premium on
the ability of one man to get the better of
another cannot bring forth anything more
elevating or moral than its structure will
allow. Pigs will not grow on thistles snd
capitalism cannot produce anything but
misery, as it is based on the exploitation
and degradation of human.beings. The
sate of drugs gives to those engaged in
the traffic profits. Then why quarrel with
those Who obtain profits by the sale of
death-dealing drugs while those who are
now being affected by this traffic in thg
"heSt" parts of the city live by extracting
profits put of the modern wage slaves'
misery. One instance given in the evening
paper referred to is that of a young man
who contracted the drug habit in the down
town section. Of course the Asiatics come
in for most of the blame, but this young
man was pictured to us as being of the
"elite" and he should hnve known better
if our masters' precepts are anything to
go by. But he did not.
* •.'..'■•
He fell to the wiles of the traffic in death
dealing drugs. While recognizing his
sufferings and deploring the downfall of
any human being, we cannot but recognize
that the drug traffic has not caused the
mi_ery which the exploitation of the working class has caused. We cannot ignore
the fact that the system which we are liv
ing under caused the death of millions in
titrate war. Their sufferings were terrible, snd the sufferings of millions in Russia today are due to the schemes of capitalistic nations who attempted to stem the
tide of the proletarian movement which
received such an impetus in Soviet Bussia
in the Revolution of 1917. Horrors, the
drug traffic has, but the horrors of capitalism, of which the traffic in drugs, race
track gambling, and the mental prostitution of journalism are brat a part, is greater than the human mind can conceive.
Drugs will be sold, even though they destroy members of the ruling class, as long
us the present system lasts. Human slavery will exist with all its attendant miseries caused by war and unemployment as
long as men are compelled to live by selling something, be it labor power, or any
other commodity.  The ruling class of to-
war, th* forces of capital hava
met the force* of Labor In a hitter,
brutal struggle. In all countries
the ruling class has waged a relentless warfare against the laborers.
Wages have been sloshed, hoar* of
labor have been Increased, labor
organisations have been ruthlessly*
suppressed and the lot of the mass
of the workers made truly horrible.
In Germany the condition of Ahe
workers ls of the most abject kind;
the mass of the workers being reduced to the most degrading poverty.
The industrial depression which
accompanied 'thiB slashing attack
of the powers that be, threw millions of workers into the bread line.
In Great Britain two million are In
this hapless condition, whilst In tho
United States there are over six
million unemployed, In- all countries there aro theae huge and
growing armies of the workless, a
constant menace to th* present ruling class.
Little attention has been paid to
this phase of tb* olass struggle by
the-militant section of tha proletariat. With very few exceptions,
no attempt has been made to or.
ganiie the unemployed. Sectional
lights hav* been the order of the
day. There has been no co-ordinated effort on any large scale!
The organised workera light shy
of the "bum" and wiU have nothing to do with him. Only In a few
cases and on the smallest scale, has
there been any effort to line up tho
unemployed and the employed.
Tet wo know, from the bitter ex.
periences of the past, that theso
unemployed workers constitute s
menace to those who ar* employed.
The employers endeavor to spUt the
■franks of the working doss hy pitting the unemployed against the
employed, the empHiyed agalnat
the unemployed. Tho workjese constitute a reserve labor army which
can be used to undersell the employed, to bring down wages, to
increase hour* and to reduce the
working class to the most abject
Despite the .knowledge of the
facts, little ls being done. In Canada we flnd that attempt* have
been made. In various town*,.to organise the unemployed. But such
attempts have been local, and on
a very small, sectional scale. Here,
in Winnipeg—called "the golden
gateway to the golden bush"—we
mean west—witness the spectacle
of two or three rival organizations
{engaged in sectional fights over the
dying bodies of the workless! Their
main efforts seem to he directed towards proving the other fellows to
be crooks and worse. It Is the old
story of the dog who dropped his
bone to snatch at the reflection In
the stream.
I suggest that thla. Is ths Immediate task of the mUltant workers.
This is th* first duty to hand tor
(he Workers Party. Let us get into
the fight and tak* aa our slogan
"National organisation of tho unemployed and the employed."
The most Important task before
the revolutionary trade unions Is.
therefore, to prevent these evils ot
pauperisation, splits and the decay
of the militant-energy of th* pro.
letarlat by rallying In on* oolto>
fighting- front, with a singlo
fighting nim, both th* employed
Finnish Socialist Subject
to Investigation
in U.S. A.
(By The Federated Press.)
(Washington Bureau.)
! Washington. — Oskarl Tokol,
leader of the Finnish Socialists and
formerly premier of the Socialist
Republic of Finland, came Into
the United States after deliberate
approval of hla passport vice by the
State Department here, according
to Information secured from the
offlce of Senator Walsh of Massachusetts. Tokoi, now under bond
for examination in Boston as to
tbe legality of his presence In the
country, Is being pursued and harried by the Influence of the Finnish
White Ouard regime set up by the
Imperial German army in 1_18_
ana now represented' and officially
recognised In Washington. -^
Inquiry at the Bureau of Immigration and at the offlc* of Wm. J.
Burns, head of the Bureau of Investigations of tho Department of
Justice, on Thursday foiled to disclose any knowledg* of Tokol'*
arrest The Bureau of Immigration had a complaint from an agent
in Minnesota, reciting that Tokoi
ts a "radical agitator," and that the
Finnish legation here would give
him a bad name. This complaint
was sent to Boston for "inquiry,
but not for arrest or detention" of
the accused, It wo* declared by
bureau officers.
No violation of tho law was
charged. Now It appears that an
attempt to challenge his right to
enter th* United States some
months ago failed when the State
Department made an Investigation.
and the unemployed, uniting them
through the agency ot speolal committees. »
Thus reads a resolution passed
at Moscow last summer. It ls the
clarion call to tha militant movement everywhere. It proclaims, in
no uncertain tone, th* immediate
task of the revolutionists in all
Agitate and organize! Let us to
the task of uniting the workers.
"Workers of tho world, unite" has
been a phrase too long; it 1* our
duty to help mak* it a reality.
Committees must be established
In all the towns and oities for the
purpose of uniting the efforts of
tho unemployed. Through these
local committees the fight of the
workers muat be maintained and
directed. Sectional disputes must
disappear, if there is going to be
any suocess attending- the efforts
of the workers.
Moreover, the activities of the
militants muat be directed towards
the lining up of the employed workers through these committees. The
working class must demonstrate its
strength ,must flght the employer
to the last ditch on the question of
wages and hours.
Nor should we forget that these
local committees must be directly
afflliated with a national oommlttee
so that the greateat possible returns will be secured by national
action. In thl* way, the unemployed problem will be dealt with on
national lines. Tho efforts of the
various local committees will be
co-ordinated. Demonstration* will
no longer bs those of small sections,
which hold up to rldloulo the numerical weakness of tho workless, but
will be demonstrations of great
masses of workers ln all the towna
and cities at the some time. Only
by this way will success attend the
efforts of the working class. And
only by the militant workors taking
a lead In these struggles will they
ba able to demonstrate to th*
masses that they ar* correct In
their principles and In their tactic*.
Get Information
(Continued from pago 1)
from those who had b- on elected
to administer the affairs of the property holders. He urged better organization on the part of the unemployed.
Alderman Pettlplece, in addressing the meeting, pointed out that
he had been elected to an administrative position, and not to a legislative one, but that as ho had the
working class viewpoint, he would
do all he could and attempt to deserve the confidence placed In him.
The latest news from the famine
area ln Soviet Russia Is (1) that
day lives on profits wrung from the hides, -hoth-workers' relief and relief sent
of the workers, and supports the system
which gives it its power over the lives fit
the producers, and if in the game played
to the rules laid down by that class, some
of its offspring suffer in the process, we
cannot see why there should be any uproar. What we are concerned with is the
abolition of the system which makes it
possible to bring the people to suoh a position that their weaknesses can be exploited
for profit and the workers compelled tp
suffer the most terrible degradation and
misery. That accomplished, the drug evil
can be attended to, but not until
The Oeneral Electric Company of Oreat
Britain recently gave a large order for
bulbs to a Oerman firm. The general
manager of this firm stated he did this
to frighten British Workmen. He also
stated that the workmen were no.v in a
better state of mind. Evidently Gorman
bayonets could not scare the British
slave, but German goods can.
Workers of Sydney, Nova Scotia, who
own property and no jobs, have been
kindly. allowed by the authorities to
shovel snow, and instead of receiving
wages the amounts earned were placed
towards the payment of their taxes.
Thus we find that property gives -to a
slave privileges which ho doubt fills them
with pride. They are. free-born citizens
of a free country and even free from the
doubtful honor of receiving wages.
Seattle.—Better wages Is the demand of Chineso craft guilds, ao-
cording to. letters recoived here
from a University of Washington
representative now In-the Orient
Street workers get $5.60 a month
while linen embroiderers get SO
cents a day. Poor coal costs ti a
ton. >...
Furniture Store
We want you to com* its
this star* with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpet* and Lino*
loum at'lower prices and
better terms.
Greater   Opportunity
tho    Working   Mas
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. MM
MHRioa hu rant*..
nomsi n« pt m u
fa eat, luwst
Sioux City, Iowa—A coroner's
Jury is investigating the death of
Hassen Koled, the striking packing
house worker, who was killed Dec,
10. Sheriff Jdnes admits he fired
the shots that resulted ln tho death
of Baased. Th* strikers contend
that tho sheriff's act was criminal.
The same day the jury began Ita
Inquiry, SI strike sympathisers
were arrested, and on* man was
Seattle.—"Thirty" was marked
down for Newswriters, Looal 12,
when the two delegates of that organization were debarred from the
Central Labor Council recently,
Failure to pay per capita to the
International Typographical Union
resulted in the local's delinquency.
Try your neighbor for a subscrip-
W. h.r. tit* (act Suatwisis, ts*
best equipped, and th. wily oa*
of ita kind oa Ik. P.oil. O..SI.
Oar mothod. embrse. every
method, system *r spplisne.
..own «r oi.d by sayw. say.
Schnee Baths
which va •»•» bad-imported from
Earop*. W« vaat you to ull ud
inspect thli plant Md tho teati*
monitb   Iron   itttilod   pntrona.
Der. Bichards sad -hsMssi
Ffcoan:   Bey. 60S.   BIO oioit,
We have grown by
MERIT and progressed through
by capitalistic governments combined has fed only about one-twen
tieth of the starving adults and
one-fourth of the starving children,
nnd (2) thnt the hungry are beginning to t their doad; that be.
tween five, and ten milllonj are
doomed to die unless every relief
agency doubles and trebles Us ef.
' As a result of this general situ,
atlon ths Friends pt Soviet Russia
-has reoelved the following mandate
from the All-Russian Famine Re.
lief Committee, Moscow:
"A unanimous decision haa been
reached to continue relief work In.
definitely. In conformity with
thie decision, all organisations and
reUef committees are called upon
to .give undivided attention to the
relief of the starving In Soviet Russia and to* grant full support. We
expect tha entire worker*' press
and every workers' organisation
apparatus to co-operate, to sacrifice, to show a willingness to aid
ao that help may bo rushed to the
famine districts."   .
It 1* earnestly hoped that every
Friends of Soviet Russia affiliation,
every workers' paper, every sympathiser wtll oontinue IN ACTION,
will ahow the same generosity in
contributions and aid as haa boen
shown to date. Assistance to the
famine stricken must not be die-
continued until the official relief
committees ln the famine districts
giv* th* word. Today's word ts—
"Continue indefinitely." This ls an
order to us. It is an order to you.
j.. Fraternally,
,, A. B. Martin,
National Secretary,
Labor and Socialist Literature, ia All Languages
International Book Shop
Under New Management.
Prompt Attention Paid to All Mall Orders
■   » ■ *___—■________■■■■    — —.——————^
We Hare Been Very Busy Marking Down Prices
This Last Two Weeks
Hero's one Item that'* a
startler—Red toa and heel
sox a pairs for f 1.00
Men's Combinations, heavy
ribbed, from 14.5* suit
to _  *s.e*
Men's Brown Overalls, double
knee and seat, for ........S2.SI
Waterproof Ooats up from II
Men's Blaok Shirts, hoary
quality, coat make .M.M
Just received, a shipment ot
Men'* Heavy Khaki Shirts,
mad* for big men ......11,(0
Men'g Boot* and Shoes oA
prices that will astound yen,
Tou might survive th* shook
- but we don't guarantee li,
Rubber Boota—Only one
grade and that th* best
•36.00 kind for.
...I1S.OI    Headlight Overalls,
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Ring np Phone Soymour UM
Dr. W. J. Carry
Batt* tat Dominion BulMUac
Cigar. Store
KlndUnc F**e
O. J. Mengel
Write* all classes of Insurance. Representing only first-
olaas Board compentea If insurance I* wanted, writ* or
phono Bey. Kit.
Olllce address, Til Bond of
Trado Bldg., Vanconver, B.C.
The Psychology
of Marxian
(By «. Rahim)
A work that all student*
ahould nad. Can be obtained
from th*
B. O. Federat-Ml* Ltd.
Pile* Mo Per Oopy, Poet Paid
Greatast Stook of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in everj detail
41 Hastings street West
si?.*, aj-ij*
-ssdlsf mat
The greatest assistance that tb*
readen of The Fedorationist eaa
render ns at this time, Is by seenr-
Ing a new subscriber. By doing M^
you spread the nows of tbe working claw movemont and assist ua
In that dark hour when sympathy and best servlc* count so
muoh—call up
Pbone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Servlc*
"A Oood Placo to Bat"
ibe am issoi or na
DIM* M Aaury (lit, IMS
If yoa are waMsphtlng t.Maf new
eervlee, er suMat say ek.nte. la st
addition te your prsunt sirrlM, MS
Shoald .end notMutloa, ia wrltttf*
not later then tk. s_.v» d.t«, K-
ordar that yo» auy uke sdraatsge
of th. new directory listing*.
nod Non-sJcohollo wines of al
.—January M,
fhey Know Because They See-
tint oaly mm *W pencnil
pride  eould  have  such teeth!
Be proud of .your teeth—you oau-r-you know yon
can. Why go on not caring! A little of my expert attention—painless and inexpensive—will
restore your teeth to a condition of whieh you
cannot help but be proud.
And what an astonishing difference it will make-
how groat the improvement of your appearance
alone I
Tou can arrange an appointment with me at any
convenient time for yourself-—and-you will
always be glad of it.
More About
!«_* I esajwt Ull y.a
nee,n akeot KiprsutM W.rk
. do it 'attic Think of
:ls.l_t teeth being w .re*
-<--d Out yea esoMt Wll the
i_M-_wl Thst's Isp-SUiM
603 sasroras ot. w.
Comer Seymonr
DB. MIR AHDMUSOX, fomsrly mewher of tk. ».cehy of the
C.l_*|< .t SMlMry, UeW.nllj et gotten. C-IUinK L_Marw
os dm aad Mdtwntk, Dw.aatittw ia Pkuwwk asd 0*»t_-
, (It. SntlsUr, too*! asd Oa.nl AaM.tka.lt.
.«   hotick   that i   jobs
bET    aUDiaSON,    Sr.k.r,    Vsa-
>r. a 0, lauaiw miy to lie Got*
B-S.r .( Load, ior s llnm-to pro..
■lor eo.I, petraleem sadotstt ttl gt.
7 tke  blkwlas «eM_lW* properl?:
bwelii st a pMt plaat-i at ta.
S.U et gtarseoa  Buk  akoat  M
la wett at tk. Booth West carper
hi it. Sw I.lsn-, Rlekwad Vast*
r. H. W. D.i theae. sMtk to ehaiH
l.e« w.st 80 .halas—tlence north
_i.ln_—■time, test to ekttaa, to peist
fcmmuw-ual, oo_ul_l_t sa ana of
ire. asn at Uae.
*_BII Betemte, I, 1«_1.
PKll. Brokih V.awu.er, B. 0. loft, applr to -th. ComttlBUotier at
Is tor a Ileene. to pnep-ct lor eats,
Meat, aad aat.nl im orer th. f.l«
M dMcr_tod property: ftmmeneiag
J peat pltatM oa th. tM-I ».u at;
_eeo_ Buk .boat 10 e_at_s west of j
■_atk west comer •! Loi *, Rug. 1,
Tlslea., Xiahaoad Vtuilelp-ilty, V.
P.; theae. eottth to chain.—thane.
J 80 chains—thenee north tO flkala.
pne. eaet 80 chains, to point of earn.
canulnlet *a area .1 tto
_ wore .r lew.
pATED Xonmte ft Mil.
Ike   notice   u».. I,   john
ffST  ANDERSON,   Brokar  ol  V«-
_ . B. C. Intent ta apply to tko Com*
Jner of Landa (or a tlctnea to pro-
■for coal, palntera ud uttral ill
K tkt foUowlut <M»rike*i proptrtr:
icuelBf at a poat plute* oa tba
flata  of tho forwhors or bank oi
; Oray, Row Wfatniuter  Dtetrttt,
J MO chains morth voat of Dlatrfet
|3U, Point Orej—thanca aontk 10
|Li-~lhenw out-  80   ehalna—tkaaea
a tO okaiaa—thanea woat tO okaiu.
pint of oaiuwMtawit. '
POATBD Nortabor Oik. 1011.
__ Bnkor. Vmemw, B. a,'to-.
- *»rlr lo IM Oow»holti«r at
_, i for a tn.jBe.fc taiwint
\-maa aaA mattl? vaTVtVr
1. _.' tM w tkt Soatk BMt tor*
o| tho Bortk Waal ftuxtar of Sw
or Ul thhtrlu 7sS). Towuklp
<•>, Dolte HMlclpoIllr, Mow Woat-
Ur Diatriet; thaneo Woat 00 chaina
mea North 00 Choino—thaooo But
katoa—thakM South 80 Ckfctoi to
_ of eoHUMottaoBt, euttlnJif oa
I of 040 Mm moro or lata.
lotted NoTtmbar 10th, 1001.
T ' ■rrT' ;—r	
an Btargoon Buk, abont SO tholno wool
of tht Booth Woat corner of Ut IT. Boo
Iolwa. Richmond MontetpoJltr, M. W. D.;
thanoo vott 00 ehotoo—tboooo aoHh 00
ehilat—thotoo tool M obotoa—Ihoaco
■otlh 00 ehotot to fotot of ooowMmoa*
moot, eoatttotor m ana at 040 tont
mon or leaa.
UJOAT1D MoTHobt* t, lOSt
(By On* tt tht Iruutoi)
THE-writor was informed last
week or what might be
termed a rather unique experience. It waa quite unique nc
doubt, so far at the Informant waa;
concerned, but by no means to the
experience now to the worktro who
have for years followed tht Industrial camp life of the province. The
ttory as told by the Informant, to
as follows;
Having performed his two days*
labor at Haatings Park for that
week, In other words "done his
time/' he had been out of camp
during the afternoon looking for
a master. On his return for the
evening' meal to his surprise he
discovered that the bedding had
been removed' from his bunk. To
find out the reason for this he enquired at the offlee. To hts further
surprtee, he was Informed' that he
had been associating with bad company and that., he was "lousy.*
That accusation almost staggered
htm, and whea he regained his
equilibrium he Informed tho ofllce
that It was certainly news to hira.
That being of no satisfaction to the
office he was told that ht would
have to report to • the medical
officer who was then ht attendance
at the camp. He did this immediately. He was thereupon subjected to a thorough examination. He
uncovered hts clothing, permitting
the doctor to examine both his
body and hts clothing, only to flnd
that his physiological jungle waa
absolutely devoid of the* animal Ufe
sought for. The doctor then. informed the man that he was clean
and that the live stock was not
there.      Usually such  verminous
HOOPEB,    Broktf,    VueotTor,    B.    Q.
intend to apply to tho Commiaalonor of
Landa for a licence to proapect for coal,
potreloui aad natural goo ovor tho
foUovtog doaorlbad property: Commencing at a post planted on tho tidal flata
tt Sturgeon Bonk, about 80 chaina voat
of tho Booth Weat corner of Ut IT, Seo
laisrii, Richmond lf«Dlclpa)tty, S. W. P.;
thenco south 80 ehotoa—thenco weat 80
chaina—thenco north 80 ekalna—thenee
tail 80 chaina lo point of ootomoaoonoai,
eoBtotolai u ana of 040 torn uon or
WCATBD KoTtmoer 0,1091.
ANDHR80N. Broker, Venooaw. B. O.
Intend to apply lo tha OommJaaioner of
Unda far a lioeace to proapect for coal,
petroleum aad natural too over tho
following described property: commencing at s pott planted oa tho ll (tol loto
at Sturgeon Bonk about 80 chaiaa weal
of the north wost,cor oar of Lot it, Rant*
T. Lain Ialand, Richmond Municipality,
N. W. D.; thenee aonth OO ehoina—
thenco wool 80 ehaint—thonoe north 80
ohtiao—thoaot out 00 ehaiae to point
ol commencement, containing aa ores of
040 acrea moro or leaa.
LOCATED November 0, 1091.
ANDERSON, Brohor, Vskaoavor, B. 0.
Intond to apply lo tho Comatleaioner of
Unda for a licence to proapect for ooal,
pftralc-am and natural gaa over the
following doaeribed proporty: commoao*
tog ot a pool planted on th* tidal flats
at Storgooa Bank ohout 10 ohalu .woat
of the Booth Weet corner of flection 80,
Bus* T, Uiu Island, Richmond Muni-
e-pelity, N. W. D.; thenee aonth 80
chaina-otheneo wat 00 thtau—rlhtneo
aerth 80 chntaa—thenco otttOO ebatos.
__XJ_.T_D NenniMr t, ltit.
JOSH 8IDMIT _jn>___tOH.
SB, - Broker.   Vsneourer,   B.   C.
to appljr I. Ih. Commissioner of
(or a lleoMO lo nrMt-cl tat eo.1
_nia   and   astaral   te.   ovor   th.
rial deecrlbed properlr:    Oonuaono*
I . poet plutad .a Ih. tidal tal.
arteon Beth .Mai SO eluia. north
. SMIh W«t ftrasr ol Lot 17, Bit
1. ll.__w.d-llnaliip.lll>, H. W. B.i
« smt HI slssn   Iheaw north to
s—then.,  eut   00  ehlins—Ihenee
i SO eheins t. polat of eommenee.
CnUinln, an  sre. of 640 aers.
'or l«s..
CATBD NonaUr t, Mil.
VER,    Broker,   Y.nconTer,    B.   0.
I I. «,ply t. the _oiamiisioa.r of
J for a llceace to prospect for co.l,
lleoja   .ad   astaral   ta.   over   th.
Bring dcserlbed property:   Commenc-
It a. post planted on the tidoj flat*
I. soml- weal eorner  of  Lot  tit,
Orer   Munlelp-lltr,   N.   W.   D.I
j wmI 80 eh.ins—thenee north 80
|s—thenee   eut   80   chains—thenea
80 castas, to polat sf commence-
cont.in!nf aa are. of  MO acre.
J or _Mt. .
&CAT1D Nweaher t, 1M1.
PER, Brokar, Vaaooarw, B. 0,
1 to appl, t. th. Commlsslonsr of
l for a lieenee to prospect for cool,
Ileum .nd n.tor.l tM over th.
ftln, described propertft Oommene*
\ a post planted oa Ih. tidal flats
Convention Call
Has Been Issued
(Owtlawd trom pats 1)
sanitation, ot th* Worker*' Party:
Vancouver, Bdmonton, Calgary,
Reglna, Winnipeg, Lao du Bennett. Fort William, Sudbury, Niagara -Tails, Hamilton, Guelph,
Kitchener, Montreal. Ottawa, Timmins and Toronto. Also there will
be delegates from the Finnish Socialist organisation and , the
Ukrainian Labor Temple. Fraternal delegates are being requested from the Workers' Party of
America. The Trado Union Ediv
oational League of Chicago, the
Trades and Labor Councils of To.
.onto, Hamilton and Ouelph, to.
gether with many other labor
organisation. .
- The need ot the hour, for the
working class ot Canada ls the or
ganlzatlon ot a fighting political
party, a party of action—the
Workers' Party of Canada. Fellow
Workers: Line up and stand fast,
- Workers ot the World, Unitel
The call is signed by:.
F. J. PEEL. Chairman.
Sec'y ot   the   Provisional
Organisation    Committee
of the Workers' Party of
Toronto, January 10, 1922.
'aad the I*i»u_g aad other eamp*
open np, theae blanket packs WlU
again b* needed br th* owner* of
th* sua*.' Consequently tk* placing <_r blankets iafestsd with vermin in the aaa* room as thon
later to be nsed by the men may
have results not conducive te sanitation Im Use Industrial camps et
the province.
The lumber workers' organisation ha* ta the past spent considerable energy ln trying to make th*
camp* sanitary places to live lnu
Such neglect on tha part of tha
city relief authorities will only
help to restore the conditions the
workers' organisations have been
fighting against.
So fhr as'the men at Haatings
Park are concerned, they generally
are doing everything possible ta
keep both the camp and themselves
personally clean. The shower
baths aad the facilities for washing
Clothe* are utilized to the llnht by
the seen. These men, many of
whom know from experience what
vermis means in camps, are trying
to tha utmost to keep their present
domicile as clean as possible. They
have all been physically examined
before entering tho camp and real
Ire tii* necessity of keeping themselves in a clean condition. .The
relief authorities, under whoae
charge the camp is operated, have
also a responsibility jn the matter
and it is up to them to see the
fulfilment of it But it can readily
be ssen from the abovo that, a
doctor's clean bill of health la ho
guarantee ao long as the authorities
pay such littl* attention to tha
oleanllness of the oamp.
What the men resent, however,
Brutal Reactionary Ex-
IfctW from Japan to
Undof "Free"
parasites such "as wero sought f«'Vny faIso im*>reMlon on th« P*^
- '   - 'Of the people on the outside.   The
capitalist press of the city repeatedly laud the relief authorities for
opening1 up the camp, but fall to
Inform the public of such negligence as outlines above. The Incident would be-sufficient to show
the contempt -capitalist politicians
in general have for the unemployed, the product of their system,
and should he noted by the workers who still vote fer such election
time "friends of lab6r."
create sufficient unpleasantness to
warrant considerable scratching- on
the part of the victim, but In this
case there was. not the least sign
of previous scratching. The doctor
was then compelled to make further enquiries at the office. What
he learned was that the beasts
complained .of were found on the
Informant's bed clothing. The man
was then given a .note to report for
further examination, thia time by
both doctors, but the exploration
was fruitless so far as the live stack
was concerned. Both were a unit
In pronouncing the man's body and
clothing clean. He was then given
a note bearing the words—"Fit for
camp, no evidence of vermin," and
signed by one of the doctors.
This testimony was of coarse
sufficient to regain tbe man admission to what for the present Is
called his home.
One would have thought that the
olothing claimed to be affected
would have been either Immediately burned, fumigated, or placed beyond contact with other articles.
But such was not the case. The
bedding wm bundled up and placed
in the linen room. In thla particular room ar* assembled the dean
bedding .also the blanket packs,
tho property of tho- men In the
oamp. If tbt -much prophesied
prosperity takes place this spring.
fer Twenty Tun we km linod thii Union Stamp for im enter ou
om raw nauiH:
FMMfal Collect-re Bs-i-lilst
TsrMs Belk MMm sadLsekwts
Blttatu Settle* by ArMtrsuie
aiuir Isspleysuat tad Skin.! Wirknaas-lf
Prompt DdltcrM to OwUrs ut FaMle
ft.es aid Iwcm. to W*ik.r> ud Implore..
rmpartty sf Ism thus* f—"-•«-
— ta|*l sale* sua Md waaia, we
na to isasad Ass. tsarlag Iks a
ualea staap en OUt, Intel, at Using,
- CHU UeHy. Buwrt HeHiest   Malls* it. »*___, OsmisI lic-lsisa
Bat-bits aad Pr.Tii__._r,
Rw D.Uv.17 ,
-kipping Orders at Oitr Price.
■nd Oace,  IIS H.ett_,s at Eut
IM Xutiaf. at B., Plus* 8.;. 3362
•90 Oraarille at  •   Pb.se kit. IM
J_S0___lft._t.   -   -   Pkone Mr. IBM
1M1  s_,s»llls St. (Ou. Bavl., aa
Oi»nv__. at.)   Pkm. Say. Ull
On Friday sad Seturdiy we win b.ve
on Mle'300 ef Slater's Funous Pork
Shoulders, weighing from 4 te 8 lbs.;
Goremment inspected. All ent from
Alberta jtrain-fed boss. Quslltr excellent. Lut. S.turday quite ,. few
of our customers were dlssppolnted
beeuso ther owe loo late. If you
can't come enrly phone, your older.
Reg. 25c per lb. Extra special,
per lb.    IS l-fs
Omasstntal aal ttat* Ink, Soott, Bulb*, nerlria' S-Um
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
noBiiit -uro _nnunxYi___ir
UJ-s—te ttnet Eut TM OnuiT-U* Mi***
*ty-<nsttt4to S-TUOir WU
Hue yos tried our Famous Bone-
leu Rolled Roasts of Beefl These j
are certainly line cuts    la   nice
roasts from 2 to 10 lbs.    Reg. 28c
lb.    Special, per lb.  800
Bpeclal—Pot Roasts from, lb. 1.1-io
Ipeclnl—Oven Roasts, from,   per
Ib 121-2.
Quality Boiling Beef, from, Ib Bo
..lity Boneless Stew
lbs.  for  	
Beef,    a
Despair Seizes
Workers of Britain
(Continued from Page 1)
wliich, and r've never met a man
that was sure ho knew." The general situation from a revolutionary
standpoint ls good; the Irish Reds
are exposing the fallacy of the
Free "State so effectively that large
numbers of the 1. R. A. are under
no Illusions and are already raising the cry of the Workers' Republic. The Irish affair, by the
way, la having a great effect on
India and Egypt; * the policy
adopted by the Irish to force
what they wanted ls being advocated In. the above countries by
the nationalist elements there. The
French are awakening at last to
a realisation of the fact, that the
cost of the war ts not going to be
obtained from Germany, but from
the hides of the wage slaves .of
The ruling cla_s across he channel is anxiously looking for some
military enterprise that will take
the minds of the workers from the
real fact_ at home. Italy, after
tho workers had seized 1500 factories, had a reaction that will
teach our Italian comrades a
much-needed lesson. Germany fs
slowly but surely moving towsrds
Soviet Russia, and, above all, the
Red Flag still files at Red Petrograd, and Lenin still dictates from
Moscow, the future policy of the
Bene* of His Victims Are
,    Scattered Around
!      Chita
Chicago.—The United State* ls
^to he trpnored with tho presence of
the aaB-Bolshevlk crusader, Ore-
|tgprl* atemenav. or Scmlonov, according! to a copyrighted dispatch to
the Chicago Daily Newa from It*
Washington correspondent, Junius
B. Wood. The Stat* Department
baa given Semenov permission to
enter the United States, Wood says,
after (he foreign consuls and th*
|,M.erkul£V government of Vladivoa-
tok Joint-Tin an unanimous request
that fa* leave and after he was excelled from Japan; Shanghai and
other eastern ports.
Wood-, who has lived in the east
for soms years, has this to say of
"A Hr. A. V. Nahabov, living In
Shanghai, brought suit against him
in Ihe mixed court, charging
treachery, brutality and. abduction
on account of treatment where her
husband was an officer under General Semlonov. He then moved to
Tientsin. During this time bis latest wife and baby daughter were
living in Tsingtau, his original wife
and son were returned to Russia,
and 'Marusya. the Gipsy,' who had
officiated as Ume.. Semlonov while
the American Red. Cross wes in
Chita, Was In Shanghai disbursing
her shafre of the gold which she
had brought from Siberia.
"General Semlonov is a short,
stout, luxury-loving- leader, who
never actually fought the Bolsheviki. During the time of the Allies'
intervention tn Siberia his foroe
contented Itself with pillaging th*
Transbalkal district and his nearest approach to danger mea when a
Russian enthusiast tossed a grenade Into 'his theatre box at Chita,
wounding him in the log.
"Bone- of the victims still were
scattered ln the fields around Chita
laat summer, while on bis execution farm the bodies of halt a hundred it_i^ and women were. In the
bottom oil a well with horses and
rocks piled on top of them.
. "Flogging men and women with
red "hot ramrods, abduction apd
murder of girls, tying babies to
fences to xreese to death and similar .Semlonov methods of fighting
Bolshevism, which were reported
by-American observers, were the
strongest' factor" in uniting the Siberian' peasants for seU-preserva-
tto-u   ii
B*c.*0 aad th* Two-and-a-RaJ-.-
tkw* eaa he ae antral poattiM."
"Then why a*t form a Communist Party? Because we don't know
yet whether lt Is legal or not. We
arewobliged to keep wWiin the law.
We recognise power when w* se*
In UN With IhMs
"Bat wa ar* tn lln* with th*
term* of affiliation with tha Third
-j-ternatlonal—to take part at all
times in the class struggle. How
can we function aa a working-class
party lf we refuse to go to the bat
against encroachments?"
Organized even on the old lines,
the worker had a better resisting
power tban unorganised, "bat not
so good as if those men understood
more as to where they belonged."
Those who saw room for "• partr
whieh could be abl* to show some
front against the tactics of the ruling class" could stay with th* older
school no longar; It earriod' on Its
educational work, but at* not organise; and they had broken away
ao .that th*y could "start on that
work without any restriction*.'
"North America not being Rusaia, theh- methods are not Mee*
sartlg ours," said Kavanagh. "But
wall* we may not b* abl* to line
up. with them, owing le ttl* lawa j
of the country ftt whloh wa liv*,
we can follow In ault witk th* programme they ban outlined."
Tho speaker noted a* an example
of "the economio knowledge of our
masters,." how, with minion* already out of employment, they wer*
proceeding to "curtail the market
by reducing the purchasing power
ofthe working class," the demands
of the market being determined,
not by the need* of Ul* people, but
by their purchasing power!
In Russia, Oermany, Poland. *to„
ther* was plttabl* need* but ao
power to buy—and so no market;
It was a situation where the social
Ufa of mankind was being slowly
but surely- threatened. There was
not dnly a possible, but a very probable, danger that humanity Itself
may be snuffed out—unless there is
another war market or the working elass takes over the power ot
stale and the machinery of produetion.
Must Resist
"The prpblem can only be salved
by k working class organised for
that purpose. In th* meantime
tbey have got to resist reductions
in the standard of living whioh
would put them In such a position
.that they would lose every vestige
of resistance."
In every country the army was
always the best fed. "Well-fed
men are lighting men. Ill-fed men
have lost their lighting spirit" Men
who were heores in Franc* had
nothing heroic about them her*,
after being subject for a tlm* to a
course ot deprivation, By 'such
means the ruling class waa slowly
but surely creating a PSYCHOLOGY OF FEAR ln the minds of the
working elass.
The press waa criticised to th*
same end. In Russia, Ireland, or
any place where the workera had
taken over a factory or the like,
the press heralded its failure. It
waa all "to give you a littl* Mea
that you ara Inefficient without
theh; control."   The worker* had
fhw.   Sf.
S.D.   Its
"A Tietirtllli buk by a issmbsMl me
^_ . Analysed Md ObstnsM
Connratttlam   sanKSiEywi
.__ Beus_-.sd.ll.-s: leatt —	
*»a Ski., ud CaHHUm frost ta. Eut* sal
,__._.   . . **....» ....       sub. Ik. WmH uf. tor ladertrlai tm_
CM Kdttlo*. D» hexe, ttM. *—ta wM* em** it MM
ooptssis a Christmas gift to th* eaMettn ky faa_uw la ■_■___.
livery oopy sell mm a whole dollar te them sad audi education to th* buyer.
"One rt tb. sntt Mlnordluty sad annihilating bub. I bar. em ml
•It will .aak. tk. coast-.."—Tha Appul'te Euua.
Mew Pspv Editln, 25,000 upiss, artlsti. dutaa, nry buatlfel, HS
aery 25 eenu, sis; 11.00.   Brad IJ.OO tor (wutydra upls. tor Cbrbtaus
TBE B. 0. FBSEEAf-OngT. LTB, IM Psadsr It ».'. Ts.suTor, B.O.'
"It will de a wudertol wuk ia Uk tb. gnslut crisis ta -11 bis-
(From th* Freeman)
HU* lh* statesmen et the
power, gathered at Washing,
tan art ostentatiously fMd-
General Convention
of Lumber Workers
for Red International
(Continued from page 1)	
i U-HOB wra
Tbt [MJ.1 Loggers' Boot
,   huoranteed to Hold Chalks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
fuecMMrs lo H. VOS * ION
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
It    - Rtpalr* Dob* While Ton Walt
Oa sale on Friday nnd Saturday,
our famons practically boneless
Middle Cut. of Pork; say .la.
of rout cut. Regular 3fio\lb„ extra apeclal, per lb. — 13 1*2.
We are selling Boneless Roll Baeon
cbeaper than in 1914 Oa uie Friday ud Saturday, Slater'. Fam.ua
UUd Sugar-Cured Boneleaa Boll
Bacon. Bag. SSe lb. Extra apeclal,
KM price, lb.   __.-_II._e
Slater'. Sugar'Cured CotUga Roll
Baeon, ( H__ for  90c
8_g«r-0u-sd   Plcnlo   Hu»,
 __ M Ho
SUtu'a Hild Omt CotUge Roll.,
Ib.   II l-»0
Specie, I lbs. tor
From 7 to 11 Satordsy mornlag
Alborta Cre.m.ry, per lb. Me
Slater's Sugar-Cured Streaky Baoon,
oa aal. Friday aad Satudfty, per
lb  SS I-M
mt at Whoi. Stab
B, 0.. Storage Egg., eruy oa. gud,
per doau ——_-_— 31.
to try and save as .much money as
possible for the purpose of carrying on an extensive organization
A motion was adopted giving the
Prince Oeorge Branch, jurisdiction
from the summit of the Cascades
to Edson; and It was also dlclded
to clost-J up the Prinoe Rupert
office for the timo being, and the
Coast District to take in all of the
Northern Coast and Queen Charlotte Island camps.
Carl Berg
A special committee was appointed to enquire into the past activities of Carl E. Berg, Branch Sec-
retarc at Edmonton. The committee presented to the convention
a lengthy report of their findings
showing that from what Information was available it seemed that
Berg was mainly responsible for
giving Cascaden a credential to go
to the Congress In Moscow; It was
also pointed out that Berg had
failed to give the practical support
to tha Oeneral Headquarters he
might have done, and many of his
activities gave oause for doubt as
to his sincerity in the labor movement After a lengthy discussion
tbo convention adopted tho following resolution: 'That the Ed
monton Branoh stands suspended
until such time aa they elect offlclsls who will abide by the principles of industrial unionism, tht
constitution of this organisation*
and the alms, purposes, and son-
■tltution of the Red International
Of Labor Unions."*
A reinstatement claus* waa inserted ln the constitution whtch
will enablo alt membera In bad
standing to be reinstated upon payment of three dollars, two dollars
of which ls for reinstatement and
one dollar for the current monthY
dues. This will enable all mem-j.
bers In bad standing to again get
Into good standing npon payment
of three dollars. In this connection
■It was pointed out that most of th*
membera who wero In bad standing had lapsed in their dues primarily because- thoy wer* out of
work and did not hnve the monoy
wtth which to pay their dues. Thla
new claus* in th* constitution wtll
enable thos* membera to again get
into good standing and carry on
th* flght agalnat thoir exploiter!.
■Oeneral   Seralonov**   follower* got to combat that.
'iHt-9 X*X *ll°!_!^J^*5?5:   . Th0 working elass meant-w* only
lean, tfcough the only serious clash
was when one of his armored trains
flred on a sleeping American camp,
killing and wounding several United States soldiers. Col. Charles H.
Morrow, then commanding the
Twenty-Seventh Infantry, and now
national guard instructor In Frankfort. Ky., cp.p'-u 3d the train and
conducted an Investigation, but
General fiemionov forced htm to
release the officers who admitted
their resvonslbllity and recited
their .torturing and executions of
Russians,. Including women and
girls. Tlie reports aro in the archives1 of the War Department
here." \
Kavanagh Explains
Reason for Formation
of Workers' Party
(Continued from page 1)
Von nmy ■ wish te help Tb* Fad*.
erattootot. Ton can do so by renewing yonr euhscrlf-Uoa promptly omA
sending tn lh* ovAacriptfon-*** yomr
friend or neighbor.
permanent, as today. _ Today ther*
were no new markets to open—except another war market. The
speaker noted that Japan was
"stocking up," as never before,
things that could be used as war
munitions. "Japan is preparing to
make secure her control of Siberia."
How ts unemployment being
handled?" the speaker asked.' At
Hastings Park the standard of
living was $6.10 per week—away
below the standard of government
figures and the standard of last
year. Tot labor organizations remained silent and took no action.
Ih face of the serious menace to
the general standard of living, they
failed to realize th* principle at
"Men who fought for their country—now getting $6.10 in one of
[thfllr-oountry's bull-pens! One can
understand starvation In Russia,
where there ta famine; but there
ia no famine In thla country. In
some states they are burning thetr
corn; yot there are people starv<
tng *jid dying ln need of that very
corn. This ts capitalism! In ono
country not enough food; people
Btarvlnf' becauae of   the   criminal
f negligence of the working class of
the outside world. (Applauae.)
But here we starve because there
la too much!"
■ - '■ Broke from Old Party
, .With both the farmer and the
induetrial section* thu* helpljss
"in the grip of the flnanolal inter-
eata which govern thi* North
American continent," aald Kavanagh, .'we broke from the old
party and commenced to found
this;" For yoar* paat It had done
useful and valuable work along
educational lines; ther* waa no
doubt about that. - But now, with
international oapital against an international working class, they
w*r* bunt on organising that work-*
ing clasa to resist further encroachment* tn th* meant -ne and
ev*htualiy tq tako over i* machinery of produotlon and ,■» ito
It for the common benetl'
Agalnat the Red Intern
Moscow, tko Blaok Intern td
Washington could have io ■ ■''••=*■
There had been other 1 i-^-nationals. The Second In mattor,-'
went.to pieces tn UU. Thea t__
was the Two-and-a-Ha
Third    International
ttie plck-and-shovel men and th*
like, but the technicians as well—
producers, overseers, managers and
operators generally. But the'technicians thought they were of a different class. Those regularly employed, too,. had a concept that
there was not much unemployment
and ttiat it was easy to get a Job
any time. Thus there was a psychology of indifference.
These concepts have got to be
brolfen down. Wo havo got to
break down their caste system.
We have got to unify their concepts
and give them one concept, so that;
they can at least b'e brought to the
position where they wtll be prepared to flght rather than accept
reductions. It's beter to flght and
starve than starve and never fight
at all."
Emphatic applause followed the
speaker's closing sentence, and Editor A. S. Welts, of the B. C. Federatlonist, then took the platform
for a few moments to put ln an
urgent plea on the paper's behalf.
"Thore aro enough of you here to
put us where we don't need to ask
help of anybody else,", he said.
The bunk In the dally press Is one
of the greatest obstacles to working class emancipation. If we can
break down that psychology, we
have accomplished a lot."
The questions from the audience
with Kavanagh's replies, cannot be
adequately dealt with here owing
to lack of space.
Fight Against
Cold and Hunger
(Continued from page 1)
-sa     ______^_^__
East," a mor* realistic ptrlornuuso*
b mine oa 1st Mbarla, whan tk*
Japans** ar* «t.nd_a» thslr fordid* *o»f*ll*B ot alim real -star*.
Wkaa (.manor aad other Russian aad Mongolia* brliand* ao
loot*? r*c*_r«d enconracement
-rom.th* Allied sariours ot civilisation 10 spread disorder In th*
wild «**t«rn territory, and there-
tor* cbnld no longer ca_ty on business a* usual, Japan In some mysterious way seemed to fall heir to
th* considerable remnants of their
forces. These forces have been kept
together in th* neighborhood ot
VladlTostok and hav* served the
purpose ot mllltla from timo to
tint* for th* various puppet governments that Japan has set up in that
vicinity. . Reoent reports state
that these precious ruffians have
been Joined lately by a large band
ot Wrangel's sometime hero**, Imported from Constantinople, and
Washington advices declare that
this hybrid army has bsen raiding
northward and captured Khabarovsk, som* hundreds of miles from
Vladvlstok. By thu* extending th.
holdings of its puppet government,
the Japanese government, It Is stated, would bring within Its control
valuable mining and timber land*.
Other reports tell ot a Russian
islands seised by th* Japanese, until now they have gained virtual
control of the Siberian littoral. On
the Island or Sakhalin, on which
certain American interests .haw
been trying to secure concessions
from the Russian^. Soviet government, Japanese control it te complete, -according to th* New Tork
Times, that Russian citlsens are
now classed as foreigners. These
Islands have thus become Insular
possessions of Japan, whieh. It Is
interesting to note, tinder the proposed four-power treaty, th* Am.
erican people are pledged to defend
tor Japan with thtlr Mood and
Moreover, th* purpose of a further extension of Japanese hegemony Into the Siberian hinterland
is foreshadowed In the Japanese
government's arrogant demand on
the Psr Eastern Republic that Japanese subjects be granted the same
status within th* boundsrl** of th*
rep-Mi* as it* own clt'sona; and
that Mt* Japa-teae. government b*
permitted to maintain an armed
force within the republic to enforco
this right—a proposal which would
reduce the Tar Eastern republic to
the condition of a provln.. ot
Dispatches tolling of thea* further encroachments on Russian territory are as yet merely fragmentary. They ar* of peculiar Interest
at Ihis time, whether tha alleged
secret entente between France and
Japan ia genuine or not. because
they are the Ilrst Indication of
something tangible emanating from
the Washington conference. Unless the Japanese government had
some secret understanding in the
premises with th* statesmen of the
other power*, thi* obviously would
be an Inopportune moment to extend its burglarious activities in
alien territory. Apparently the recent amiability ot tha Japanese delegates in accepting British and Am.
erican proposal* baa not been without its quid pro quo. It Is a fair
guess, aa thla paper predicted, that
th* hard-featured pacifists In
Washington have been whispering
together to a purpose while they
caressed the stuffed dove. In any
case, the point to be remarked Is
that the aggression of the Japanese
government Increases materially
the perilously large amount of Irredenta territory snatched by the vie
tors ln the war. The natives of
-Eastern Siberia are presumably as
delighted with Japanese occupancy
as would ba ths natives of Staten
Island If soms foreign power seised
their borough by force and set up
'a nominal gevsrnannt ot nstlv*
tt I* worth Healing tbat tk*
Japaaase began to land troops at
VladlvMtol- tar tr ta 1111, tboagk
they mad* ao formal pretense et .
occupancy uatn August I of tltil
year. On that data th* Japan***
government ta«Md a ttrmal date*
ment to th* dtsot that their ann_4
fore** had oom* merely to r»p*l
"Oerman activities" In Siberia, aai
that a* agon as that Oerman man- .
ac* waa removed, all Japan***
forces would b* withdrawn and
"would lean wholly unimpaired
the sovereignty of Russia In all It*
phases, whether political or mill- g
tary." Inasmuch a* th* nearest
German armed fore* at that Urn*
waa upward of MM asHes frost
Vladivostok, tt s*em*d roasonaM*
In the Siberian* to _•*! somewhat <
sksptlcal about thla vary pollt. declaration, even though Mr. Balfour,
on bohalf of tbe Britlah government, gave emphatic assurances *C
Japanese sincerity, and tb* American ambassador la Ruuia, .peaking presumably tor his government
In a somewhat Incoherent statoment, bad backed up Japanese goal
faith. Ot cours*. It haa tang slaea
become apparent that th* pledge*
of th* Japan*** government war*
a* Illusory a* lt* repeated declaration* tbat It* occupancy of Korea
sr** manly temporary. Aa for th*
assuranc** ot th* othtr goven*..
meat* In th* case, they are aa
worthless sa paper rubles.
We make Ladiea* Oarmenti
Bight Hen in Vaaeonrer
—the equal ta style aid smart-
ness of aay oHeied la Q-sada.
rtfr-tAri*-!-. £___* asua  „
an ta« *.* r>tlsi   saaaila., Mas
fn yew ckMslag.
.^___"-___»_sw*sata tons _kaa
Ota* * Ratt Os.
claiming to represent in.- ^"jjj
ot th* working class. '. ,,h V*
either with the Third, or ™B "*•
spect for the national guardsmen.
Frank Borsch has four children,
the eldest 6, Johnnie, I years old,
is 111.
"I sent my sister to th* drug
store for somo medicine for Johnnie," Mrs. Borsch said. 0h* went
to Oericko'a drug stor*, where we
got the medicine onoe before. They
said, "Where Is your monoy?* My
sister told them sho didn't hav* any
money, that we had no money at
all. They told her thty weren't
giving out medicine on creidt."
Sho held up the emptf bottle.
Monday night Peter Lefshefskl
came to the union soup kitchen.
Many of tbe men with families eat
at the soup kltchsn so that they
may not rob their children of th*
groceries at horn*.
"Where is your overcoat t" he
wa* asked. "I left tt horn*." let-
shsfskt answered. "Verra cold-
no coal—no wood—children verra
cold. I tak my overcoat and poot
lt over children lak thla Btill thty
vtrra oold."
I_Bfshefskl has six children, th*
youngest six months old. Th* Fair
stor* and John MoDonald, a rttt-
aurant man, hava supplied groceries to them. If I_.rshe_.-l w.nt
back to work h* would get between
118 and til a w*ek. He Is a semiskilled laborer. He Is going to
Theso ar* enly a few of th* strlk
i* Packing plant employeos whoa*
t ot lew .,( is greater than tho wea-
. ol j p_*v -it the packers.
"ny for the People's Square Deal
revision store, a co-operative
store owned by th* workers, many
of th* strikers' 'families would be
wl'h.>ut food, and from the demon
stratlea of milltamen on Monday
It appears that aa effort Is being
mad* to keep the striksrs from
their own storei
Cleanses thoroughly. Highly
recommended for Colds.
Rheumatism and Neuritis,
and any general run down
Special Equipment for a-perfect sweat. No danger ot
catching cold.
'Including Vibration, VIol-t
Ray, Electrical Rube aad
Electrical Shower*, Hot and
Cold Shower Baths,
Rates IIS fee month
IS Single Treatment
Open Id a.m. to 10.11 p.m.
Sunday* by appointment.
Vanconver, B. O.
Phone Seymoar TNT
- - -. —„ 	
Meetings in O.B.U. Had
For the Coming Week
SUNDAT—Iriah Self-Determination League
TUESDAT-WorkeiV Counel-
WBDNBSDAT-Oeneral Workers
FRIDAT—Women . Auxiliary
SATUBDAT-Danee, 9-12
l.»-i.ii ii>i|s>i»iimii ■■» ■.!.--<_■■ «»_»_i_-ta.l ■ »«'■ him a^ms-si>tmsa_.t_m
 U I
Whist Driveand Dance
Under tke auspices of the Women's Auxiliary ot the
O. B. U,
to be held at the I
Pender Hall February 1st
Whist, 8-10 -ADMISSION- Dancing, 9-18
Ladiea 25c Oenta SOc
. ■?_-!••?'-'.'"'.■■-■•;. ;.-. PAGE FOUR
fourteenth tear,  no. i   THE BRITISH jOOLUMBIA FEDEKAT1UM1ST   Vancouver, b, a
.January _Q, IS-
Quality Underwear
THE garments we offer ore pot special "sale stuff," bat regular
and standard brands: Look at thise items.  Stanfield's and
other maker*-Underwear we know to be best-offered at a lower
prfcOs'     ,   ' ■'■'.•      ".:■:•/<-.<•'        -     f"     •-'■--;
©BEAM COMBINATIONS <&gi«!s) smt......*l.li„LLL
(English stu_M3ee it).:
combinations -_„..,. .;.....„..:......„............;. ....... *-
STANFIELD'S MEDIUM, garment..............
*.** $3.90
_**____- __J £*__,'?'*--- The famous I^d Heel and Toe Pure Cashmere Wool
•tome ana u.i em sox-iast yea. $1.25; _<>_	
Send.In  your  mall-
orders   with   measurements   of   arm, -
chest'and leg.. Parcels    sen.    express .
prepaid   on   receipt
of price.   All orders
T WU-S&l'rSKst. R. W. HsUar;
j£S_., _.(*, 1-1-.. Haste M W.4.
\*\-7"» a..- 1. tb. Peeler Hell.
bans, ei lenlt, aat Raw. .touts.
rsaaa ger. Ml.
3__uid pkiirrnto tjudm vuvs-
til—Meete   neeal   X._4.r   Is   tt.
JiS-    ttuli.nl, I- t^ ■*_***_,*****■
ia-T, B. H, Heelaal.,t. O. Bast tt.
■al kriaUrers <r sa* to -.liar
earls,   Ua.  at ■_•;«•  aattari,   ja.a.
a___-___m' P_l»a. Ubor Tmsh.
SEBVIOE st.a aaMtt aeeond .nd
faart- Wedaaadar. al each menlk, at tl
Ond... 81 W., at • pa -»e. F.r_k_a,
0. V U.—F-M-S.it. H. OMnd; altere-
Isrr, 0. C. Miller. Maata lad aad 4t_
WedaM.e, la cadi asonla la Peader Ball,
asraer el Peader tad Howe Stmt..
Thona Be_at.tr Wl.
OP    OWtADA—A."  Tsdu-
IrUl tain sf sll workers la let-
gist aad Mtttraslio* nap.. Cout Die-
fact _ad Oea«i_l Raadltutan. tl Oh.
ana St f.TtBtaw. B. 0. Pko.. Sef.
B. 0— Parsurlr flrea« tad OU-_»'
Baloa tt Brltlsk Col___>la—Meetlac
al.kt. tret ud tklrd Wedaeatar .1 eack
■Math _t.lM Main Blreet. President,
Du Cirll.i llce-pre.ldeat, 1. Wkltlns;
hMntanr.tns.arer, W. Doaaldaea. Ad-
4ms,' lM'lhla Stmt, Vnneon.er, B. 0.
Tkuria B__u_ Ageat'. address, W.
fnads, Oil Jekaioa St., Yletwla, B. 0.
ratara aad Peperseniers   .1  Asmlet,
Uni   Ml,   Tueou.er—Mnta  lad ssd
ask Tkinday. .1 Ul Carina 81. W.
Bas. Oe,. 1411.  Baslnm Hast, R. A.
*s Briilf-a.a. Derrlekaaa aad Risser.
•I Y-neoBTar ud eielajtr. Meet, e.err
H.adH. I IM,, I. 0. B. U. Hall. 10.
fiad.r St W. Pmldaat W. Tatl.r;
Saueitl s.ereUrr ud kashas*. .|.at 0.
Aadema. Phoa* Barmen. 111. ____^
Sew Westsolnatar, asets e.err Irat ud
tklrd Friday In tke Labor Temple, Roj.l
Ave... and 7tk Street. Engineers s.p-
plled. Addt-ss SeenUtr, 10.0 Haroil-
In Stnet New WntalaaUr, B, 0.
Phene -03Y.
Emolt-jses,  Pioaew DWIeioa, Be. 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Hsll, Moanl Plsasmi
bt and Ird Mondara al 10.1S aa. ud '
K. Prealdeat, F. A Hoofer. MOS Clark,
n; ree.rdlng-seent.rr, f. R. OrURa,
AAT—Oth Avenne Rut: treunrer. E. 8.
Cl.tfl.nd; ta.aelal.SMnt.r7 ud tail.
■eu waat, W. H. Cottrell, 4MB DtUjf
Mea Btreet; .flea ranter rrior ud Maia
SU. Pkone Fslr H04R.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Seattle.—The government tm- fcreasing daily. Plclttts are cruising about th* harbor in motor-
boats, going (rom wharf to wharf,
and they report that their efforts
are succeeding,
Sydney, N. S. W.—A split has
occurred In the Australian Communist Party. Somo of the members recently formed a new organisation called the Industrial Union
Propaganda League. I, W, W.
membera were prominently associated with the formation of the
new league. The Communist Party
executive considers the new league
at variance with the principles and
tactics of the Communist International, and has declared It bogus
and noi In the interest of the working class. All those who Joined the
league are asked to withdraw or be
expelled from the Communist Party. Several expulsions have already
taken place.
ploymcnt sen-Ice places the number of unemployed ln Washington
at 25,000 with 10,000 In Seattle.
Taeoma has 5200 Jobless, according to the federal report.
Sydney (N. S. Wales). — The
Waterside Workers', Federation,
which covers atl waterside workers
the Australian continent, has
decided to link up with the Ono
Big Union when lt comes into operation about March, 1122.'
Washington.—Senator Borah has
served notice that in the debate on
the naval appropriation bill he will
disclose the suppressed report of
(l.neral Mitchell of the air service,
showing that big battleships are
obsolete, due to the effectiveness, of
bombing planes ln naval"combat,.
Seattle—Union Record boosters,
an organlutlon formed to supply
the- deficit resulting from .the 'advertisers' boycott on Labor's dally,
have, celebrated-New Year's1 Day
With pledges of.l-0,000 In cash P«ld
In of. 18000, ruised.in three months.
An average of $100 a day Is being
raised to meet the deficit In the
paper's operation caused by lack of
Seattle.—In one of its biggest
accomplishments, the legal bureau
Of the Central Labor Council is
forcing private contractors to disgorge $26,000 to workers whom
they employed on city - contraot
work, ' According to a recent Judicial ruling, the contractors must
pay the city legal minimum wage
of" $4.75 per day.    .
the litigation, Involving hundred! of workers, was directed by
Qeorge F. Vanderveer, head of the
legal bureau which Is governed by
a committee of three elected by the
Central Labor Council,
Journeymen .ailorb- union of
Aaarlea, Loe.1 No. 17»—Meetinf*_k*ld
Snt Mendu in each aonlk, I p.m. na
Hut A. R. Sateaby; .lee-prealdent, D.
Lawsan; reeordlaf secretary, 0, Ma.
Daaald, P. O. Box 503; lunelal sacra-
Itry, T. T.a_l.t.n, P. 0. Box 801.
MeeU tut 8_nd.y el eaeh month, tt
t pjn. President 0. H. Collier; tier.
BMSiSeat S. H. Oooik; asentsry-
gS-tni. «. H. HMtosts. ie. aa
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—More than 100 tug.
boats In New York harbor are tied
up as a result of the strike of the
United Association of Masters,
Mates and Pilots against thc 72-
hour week and a 20 per cent, wage
reduction, which the New York
Towboat Exchange attempted to
put Into effect. Practically every
towboat company in the harbor
now la affected, according to Cap
tain Wm. A. Maher, manager of
Ihe United Association.
The number of men on Btrike ls
smaller than at flrst estimated, but
union officials say that it Is   In-
B. C, suet, av.)
ti I s.a.
4«r H.ll,
irr  Tauter .venlsi
..as. ia tb. O. B._p._Hall, 104 Pea-
iHday  .renins
. ... _    Hall, 104 P.*
SMMtary. E. H.nbnrtk, Pe.
tt tb. O. B. C. B..U .a tk* tklrd
Wtdaority .1 .tery aula.   Everybody
wkw. .
Provincisl Unioni
' YIOTORIA. B. 0.	
U4 Ltbtt OMBttt-llHH anl SB4
UiH Wedaeadtn lalsku .1 FllhlM
B_a. Itartb Park tln.t al I .m. rrut-
4.nt 0. «■.«•; vlM-pml4..t^ *  t_
OoMil, 0. BgO. »r.»elui Wit.
Baeett Dlstrl.1 Haherlu Bw4, O.B.C.;
■Xmiueae Ml*.|s' biatrial Bo.rd.
♦.B.U. Se_».rr-trV.iorsr, F. O. Bn
|I7. Prl_«> Kurort.
nmiM, ruBusHZRS, itbrro-
Union OScleJa, write for^rlua.   W.
Eureka Tea Co.
107 Dtnubtunt btbzbt
task ItttHd C.f M Dally .
tut if 4 0.«M I III, fn 11 ud ee.
Milwaukee, Wis.—The Federated
Trades .Council has gone on record
In favor of. a workers' college, to be
started by Labor men, and to be
under the council's auspices. The
delegates Interested ln. the move
■aid they were getting Information
from ether cities where such work
was being successfully carried on.
In Philadelphia, they said, pupils
from unions that were not afflliated
with the school had to pay double
tuition. It was found; that many
teachers were ready and anxious to
help in the work and for the most
part they volunteered their services.
London—A significant statement
by Irish Labor In their Voice of
Labor breaks for the first time the
silence they have preserved
throughout the peace negotiations.
Speaking of the danger of a split
in the Sinn FeltrParty, they make
an earnest appeal for at least retaining the Industrial ranks unbroken by keeping views on the
treaty, whether ln speeches or action, "out of the unions as organisations. The editorial goes on to
eay that this warning Is given—
"only because we know that while'
there are many to champion the
national cause there are few to
champion Labor's cause or devote
themselves wholly to the working
(By The Federaed Press)
San Francisco.—Following he
visit here of Jas. Bads How, the
unemployed workers' union was
formally organised at a meeting at
which Ellas Selka, formerly city
organizer of the Socialist Party,
was elected president. The executive committee consists of Rev.
Robert Whltaker, Miss C. 3. Reed
and William Costley. Regular
headquarters havo been established
and donations of food, clothes and
blankets are solicited for Immediate relief of the Jobless members.
The official name of the organisation Is the International Brotherhood Welfare Association, San
Franeiaco Local,
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
Danoe Saturday.
. Don!t forget the dance on Saturday night In the Pender Hall,
corner Of Pender and Howe Streets.
flood music, a fine floor nnd every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, ladles 26c.
Vlenaa.—A proposal for a sub.
stantial worklngman's loan to Soviet Russia Is being considered by
Cs.cho-Hlovaclan Labor. Aa a flret
Instalment ths Csteho workera Intend te advance 600,000: crowns to
Moscow. <
Out out the abort, till in the amount you an willing to
giv* to the defame of The FeAeiationiat, and forward it
along with your contribution to the 8. 0. Federat_onl_t,
Ltd., 342 Pander Street Weat, Vancouver, _fc ft The money
will be needed if adequate defense of tho-paper la to be
^; _-OI_fOWI_»0_-__-_n!8:
Previously acknowledged -IH. P. Hansen _.**—>    !.••
_  :......, .._....♦»-._. 1    .    "■" *.-'•—
S. Nelson i ,......._     8.60 ;       »«»•»'
Missing links, monkey, and
The Illustrations from Denl*.
Hurd's "Picture Book of Evolution," last Wednesday probably
were even more Interesting proofs
of the development theory than any
yet shown.
Here wait again the amoeba, the
smallest animal known, consisting
of a tiny speck of protoplasm, *nd
yet having tht power ofr _*n*atl*n,
motion of feeding, and Ftproluc-
From thla single cell w* come to
the gastrula age, and front theft to
the worm, then the fish, all living
in water, and there is where we all
come from.
The evolution of the *og IWm
the egg stage through the flsh -or
tadpole to the amphibian, alwws
what nature can do. The tall and
gills of the flsh changed W lag* ahd
The Indian perch, whloh travels
over land and climbs tree*, wss
shown also that Australian lyag-
flsh, the Cerlbbdus, which leaves
the pools when the water *tH* up
and becomes an amphibian. These
all point to evolution.
Between the reptile stage and
mammal are the Duekmole and
Kangaroo, also natives of Aeatra-
The speaker'explained that Australia was part of a great prlmor-
dal oontlnent which lay between
Africa and Australia, ail went down
except Australiasia, and so these
strange creatures, between amphibian and mammals are. atlll there,
and- represent the links Whieh are-
found as fossils ln the rooks,- which
formed millions of yews ago.
The Duekmole is covered wtth
thick fur, has webbed, feet,- and a
bill like a duck; It haa teeth, lays
eggs like a reptile, and-hatches its
eggs, but the remarkable feature
of this animal Is that it-suckles its-
young through milk glands,        ■■
The kangaroo Is a step higher
toward the finished, mammal. Ita
eggs are hatched ihslde the female,
but the young are borne very small
and helpless. The mother places
them' In her pouch and- there they
flnd the milk teats, but it ts months
before they are capable or taking
care of themselves.- --
Pictures of a whale and herring
were shown, but the flrst IS a warm
blooded mammal, and the second,
the well known flsh." Dr. Curry explained the whale Was a side line. -
According to science, we come
from thc ancient Insect-eaters, and
our grandparents several millions
of years ago were forced to climb
trees to escape their enemies; and
from tree climbers, the lemurs, the
ancestors of moneys and apes came.
A number of pictures of the tailed and anthropoid or man-like ape
were shown, and their human-like
appearance were very suggestive of
the development theory of man's
advent without any help from :in-
men,*>thropomorlc t
or metaphysical gods.
The restored specimen of the
.man-like - ape or ape-like man,
known as the Pithcanthropus was
shown; also the brutal features of
the meandurthal man, the makers
of rough stone tools. These were
shown from Wells' "Outlines of
Many scientists believe that the
monkey-men pf Java and.the. meandurthal specimens all died oft*, and
that we owe our existence to an.
other descendent of the anthrb-
Dr. Curry stated that a proof of
our descent from..the ancestor of
the chimpanzee and the. other anthropoids Is ths fact that blood can
be transferred from man to the anthropoid apes or vice versa without .harm, whereas lf another animal even a new world monkey,
were treated In this way, death
would result.
., Next Wednesday, "The Evidence
of.Embryology and Rudimentary
Organs" will ba the subject.
Miners  Accepted   Small
YYa*«B But Got No
More Work
(By The Federated Press.)
Washington.—"Why Reduce Coal
Miners' Wages?" is the title of a
pamphlet issued here by the'Unlt-
ed Mine Workers ot America.
"A reduction in the wages of coal
miners would mean nothing except' a further shrinkage ln the
.already pitifully small income of
'these Impoverished people) and increased profits for the coal'com-'
panics," lt argues.
.-"Coal companies in eome 'open,
shop' .fields, .and ln wholly nonunion fields have already, tried th,e
experiment. .They told their men
that If they would accept reductions they could sell more coal and
that this would mean more work,
for the miners. But it did not work
out that .-way. ... .In ..those places
where the minors, suffering the
j>angs of starvation because of unemployment, agreed to a reduction
in order that they might earn
bread for themselves and. their
starving families, they have had no
more Work than they had before
the reduction • was forced' upon
It quotes the operators' Journal,
Black Diamond, to prove this point,
field by field, uhere wages have
beon cut.
Total monoy collected at Sox Olllce. Including admission, supper
and masks t.	
Collected In, city by Hedley, Murdock & Young
Collected In city by W. Nowton and' J. Higgins
Collected on raffle for cushion	
Collected on extra hour's dancing 	
Taken on soft drinks and ice cream	
Taken on tickets sold by-oommlttee .i ;.'.;_<;.
Prise money refunded by Wm. Ferguson
,   7.00
Prise money refunded by Mrs. McCrlndle	
Prise money refunded by Mrs. Kelly	
Prise money refunded by Mr. ana Mrs. Denton  -.
Prize money refunded by Murdoch Bros. _c H. Bills ...
(Scrutineers)—Donation hy A, Jordan and J. Young ...
Refund on empty bottles Coca-Cola Co, ...;	
Total Income < v ~ .....|734.68
Hall rent  '■ ■:■■* .«•••
Workmen's Co-op. Association
Mrs. Moore's Store	
Free Press Advertising 	
Daily Herald Advertising -	
Coca-Cola Co.
' 50.00
Nanalmo Printing Co. (tlokets) •--     ♦•«•
T. J. Ellison (10 dozen masks) .,.«....,.     ».»».
Davenport Ice Creijm 	
H. S. Allan (soft drinks)
Two tickets returned by parties unable to get supper ...
Ray Cololbugh (three lights) ...............i .'..v.....
Masquerade prize money .v...... - —
Special masquerade pslse to comic, group .;;	
Total expenditure* _..,._....
Jtotal Inoome ,; ; ...........
Toyi expenditures	
Hlance for Russian (amine relief .
.  ;   'Audited and'foW*«ofreef:"
 m.« ;
 I661.07 |
A. JORDAN ) Auditors
Chitcherin's   Note   Explains Karelian
In viow of the activities of the
Soviet Red Army againat the Invaders of Karelia, the following
text of a note sent by Qhitchcrin to
the Finnish government is most illuminating:
(I) The Immediate prevention
by the Finnish government of the
invasion of Karelia by armed bands...
(II) The discontinuance of ail
assistance to organizations and Individuals preparing or carrying out
aggressive attempts against the
Russian. Republic-."not excluding
moral, help." ^
(ill) The complete "liquidation
of all organizations on Finnish territory participating fn or,supporting attacks on Russia, and the prohibition of. any recruitment or financial'collections for the Karelian
"mutineers." "^   .
(iv) The dispersal ot all organisations of Russian counter-revolutionaries and the expulsion ot their
"In the event of the Finnish government rsfuslng to adopt the
above-mentioned measures, the
Russian government WlU feel Itself
obliged to adopt othtr measures
for the effective guarantee ot the
peace treaty between tht Finnish
government aho-tht R. S. F, S. R."
Chltcherln states. -:..
The note also comments on the
application ot the Finnish government to the League of Nations to
Intervene In tht Karelian question,
"This application," It says, "appears to be aa attempt to Involve
foreign powers in the internal attain of the Russian Socialist Federal Republic and also, an attempt
to decide questions arising out of
the Russo-Finnish treaty by means
bf the Intervention of foreign powers."
Ths suggested sending by the
ltague bf a commission of Investigation Into Karelia would constitute "an unheard-of Infringement
ot the sovereign rights ef the Russian Republic."
The note goes on to declare that
tht "risings In Karelia" are not
risings of the Karelian ptoplt at
all, but "the Invasion of bands organized on Finnish territory and'
receiving every manner of support'
and encouragement from ths Finnish .gbver nmeht,'*
"There is Indisputable evidence
ot a close bond between the Finnish government with not only the
Finnish activists, but also with the
aggressive portion of the Russian
counter-revolutionary emigres," the
note continues!
"It Is very significant that the
Finnish government on Nov. 22 Issued a visa for entry Into Finland
to Savinkoff, the organizer of bandit'invasions Into both the Russian
Socialist Federal Republic and her
nl y, the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet
Republic. fp-
"No less significant is (he parti,
elpatlon In the Karelian Invasion
of a number of the leaders of the
Kronstadt revolt"
San FranSlsco—Organised women workers of the Bay district,
have met to organise plans for a
campaign against the proposal to
cut the minimum wage for women
frtm |1« to $12 a week. This reduction would give girl apprentices
a pittance of 68.50, Instead of the
.12.60 they must now receive. The
out, which is being asked by large
employers of Labor, will be opposed before the Industrial Welfare
Commission by a committee of the
working women, - .
Watch Repairing
Jf_Wd4_ER   ■■■
That the Lowest
Our thousands of .BatiBfied customers will be glad to know
that we are now able to announce that we are hack to our
former One Price Policy. One price, never more or less, for
1922. Just six priced, and theso prices the lowest possible, consistent with good suits for men and young men.
$19 $23 $27 $33.50 $37.50 $45
All Suits Guaranteed
DV     DAAV    I TI\      COK'-EOT   CLOTHES
. IV. Dun-Is. Ll li* 137 Hastings Street W
"Workers Movement ln B. C."
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
That the present system,- common-,
ly known as the capitalist system,
is ln a state-of collapse,'-Is evident
tb those who are acquainted 'with
world affairs,' and to any readers of
The Federatlonist who doubt this,
I would suggest they investigate
the cause of the present world unemployment.
Any system of production and
distribution that compels millions
of Its people to starve amidst plenty,1 stands hbt'only condemned,' but
alto rtvtait the fact that It has
Ceased to function.;*'and must be replaced by- tome-othtr -better .system, er the people must perish.
One ef the astounding things In
Canada, and In particular British
Columbia, Is that the system Is
collapsing In spits of, and hot Se-'
cause of any. working class movement.
This meant there Is no cohesive,
co-operative, organised movement
amongst the workert with a constructive policy to proteot them
during the transitional stage, and
lay the solid foundation of a "NEW
We realise the whole world Labor movement Is In a state of flux,
and to build a movement out of
that flux here, aa elsewhere, by
whatever name It Is called,'tb be of
permanent value, must be a movement possessed of a soul.. (I use
the word soul, net knowing of a
better word to express myself.) By
attemp'ti-g to replace a soulless
capitalism by any .other souliess-
Miri, can but add «oh_usl«n.. ■ What
is'needed Isritore ,Qf thi* spirit
such as waa exhibited by Eugene
V. Debs at his trial for sedition.
Surely lf- Debs can show such a
spirit towards those who persecuted htm, we can if we desire, exhibit a similar spirit towards those
we call comrades and fellow workers.
This cannot be done by any small
collection of workers getting together., and conceiving the Idea lhat
they know lt all, are the only Simon puret In existence, and that
any one else attempting to show
sign* of activity In the Labor movement are fakirs, meal ticket artists,
eto.   As ah illustration In South
Vancouver during the last clcctlr
cumiuii-n, some of the party und
whose auspices Jack Kavanagh *
supposed to be running, were ask<
if it wc.re not about time, in fai
bf the critical times we are livii
in, to cut out such foolish antics -
fighting each other on the politic
field, and'have some kind of
understanding to unitedly spet
our energies fighting the commi
enemy. The statement was promt
ly forthcoming that the other ca
dldate referred to (Tom Richar
son) did not represent the work,
but was a Bourgeoia I had l
vlously thought Richardson was
Socialist, and was supporting 1
as such. So I Immediately col
pared the manifestoes of Havana-
and Richardson, and concluded \
either of! then^exhlblted any slg
bfBo'urgeols, as far a* I Oould Jud
It was not Richardson's, and as t
on* supporting Kavanagh was la
tiled Manifest* No. 1, I. thought
due course No. 1 would he la
But I understand No. 1 was sti
horn, and maybe it was best, as 1
1 had the appearance bf being ve
anemic." Judging by your leadl
articles recently, I presume,
Editor, you have concluded that
least to attempt to carry on furtt
tht way wi art aow. is not oi
suicidal,,.Ijpt disastrous; and I i
peat what I said two weeks el
that I hope thb ultimate resu
will bit a better understanding
round, a higher code of ethics i
opted, and a more cohesive aggr
slv* movement towards the co-<
erative commonwealth.
I cannot but ftel that had
workera used some common set
ln the last election, we would i
be In the deplorable -position
haying J. 8, Woodsworth acting'
role of John tlie Baptist ih the v
derness of Ottawa.
Many of u;s have recently worl
unitedly and diligently to assist
sufferers ln drought-stricken R
sia, irrespective of parties, crec
theories, or affiliations; Just woi
ers desiring, to respond to the i
from our less fortunate broth
and sisters In Russia.
Why hot the same spirit In fig
ing for ourselves here, for our cl
dren, our brothers.and sisters,
the class as a whole to whioh
belong, lighting together to desti
a system that starves and demoi
lies, to reploce by a tytttm
permit* development of the high
and best within us. ..--'"
Deo. IU 1M1.
A Mass Meeting
Of the Unemployed aad Employed Workers
At 9:S0 p.m.
'.; .'. ,;;,'-'../,. ." ",'.'.""",' '"v "W.i'f
' it T - i n i n i   i i   I, ii
Famine Sufferers
of Soviet Russia
Millions need the very elementary necessities of
life. Millions are starving. They are starving
in the Volga regions of Soviet Russia because
they fought the fight of the revolutionary workers. Food, Clothing, Medicine and Soap are
needed.      ...
Send what you can to MRS. C. SUTHERLAND, 804 Pender St W.,
Secretary of the Local Branch of the Friends of Sevtet Russia.
■.-.'■''                           ■   .      •   '-'.            '. ..• -   ..   ...liVs-i ■'. }4[ , ,','_.
■"'-''''"     •'■'*■   •■'■'•■  ] ■■■ •     -' - -^ v   ''■ f    *]*-1**-ii::*-JL~i	


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