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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Dec 7, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades^nd Labor Council (International)
L. B. 0. Endorse Candidates for
South Vancouver and
Burnaby Elections
House to House Canvass—Volunteers for Transportation
Are Needed
A MEETING of the Labor Representation committee waB held
on Wednesday evening, with J, R.
Flynn In the chair. Minutes of previous meetings were adopted as read.
Mr. Euestis, candidate for alderman for ward VII addressed the
meeting and aBked for support. He
was endorsed for this ward by the
committee, The campaign committee
reported good progress, distributing
camps being well established and a
house-to-house  canvas  contemplated.
A. Hurry, candidate for school
trustee in South Vancouver, received
the endorsatlon of the meeting.
R. Neville was chosen to represent ward I in Burnaby, in place of
J, A. Jenkins. Mr. Neville expressed
his full accord with the labor programme.
C. N. Stirling, candidate for school
trustee in Burnaby also expressed
himself likewise. Both candidates
received endorsation.
J. A. Jenkins asked for moral assistance in organizing North Burnaby. Secretary Hunt was instructed to get In touch with members in
this widely scattered district, asking
the delegates to bring the matter up
in their various unions for action.
W. Dunn volunteered to secure
'workers in North Burnaby and Uroad-
The South Vancouver campaign
committee reported very fully as to
work they were doing, arranging
meetings, etc. January 14 Ib nomination day, with the election on Jan.
19.   The report was adopted.
M. Reston spoke on financial arrangements. O. Mengel suggested
[that South Vancouver should have a
separate fund; while Delegates W.
bunn and J. Woods were in favor of
la common fund.
, Finally a motion was carried to the
effect that 1*26 be devoted to the
South Vancouvor campaign commlt-
Volunteers   for   transportation   will
She local civic elections, were called
Next moeting of tho committee will
je  hold  in  the Holden  building on
[Tuesday evening next.
JLabor Candidate for Mayor Will
Win by Substantial Plurality of Votes
Letted   B. C. Shipping Federate * xiegarding Waterfront Dispute
|Vould Greatly Increase the Prestige and Strength of Labor
in Vancouver
[By F, p. Burdick]
|\S  the  majority  of the  voters  In
Vancouver  are   working  people,
Ind as there are three candidates ln
he field, with a big majority of
,'ttge-carners voting for Pettipiece,
he labor candidate should be certain
f election.
Reasons why all working people
|nd progressives should vote for Al-
erman Pettipiece may be briefly
|immarized us follows:
1. The election of a labor mayor
L'ouid be the best tonic possible for
labor  movoment   in   Vancouver,
(ould greatly increase the prestige
nd strength of organized labor, and
onefit all workers.
2. Alderman   R,   P.   Pettlplece   ls
Iie only candidate asked to run and
idorscd by organized labor.
3. Pettlplece Is the only candidate
(ho Is a wage-earner and so under-
;ands thc trials, needs and problems
f working people.
4. Pettlplece Is tho only candidate
tho is pledged to support the plat-
rm of the Labor Reperesentatlon
5. If there Is oue public office in
Iteneouver In wliich new blood and
lew, constructive, and progressive
Ideas are needed, that office is mayor.
B, His record of more than a
luarter of a century in the labor
liovement provos him to be a true
J-iend of all working peoplo and
■one of them." So vote for Pettipiece
|ml boost for Pettipiece!
i lderman R. Parm. Pottipioce,
V labor's official nominee and choico
1.r mayor of Vancouver, was formally
laced In nomination on Wednesday,
ho fight Is now on in earnest. Three
andidntes are in the field, and It bo-
ooves organized labor nnd lis friends
nd supporters in this elty to tako full
^vantage of the opportunity afforded
iem, and register thoir votes for tho
ne man who, through long expert**
nee, understands to thc full the re-
(Continued on  page 2)
Reports of Unions—B. C. Electric
Employees Vote $1000 to
yiCE-PRESIDENT Smillie presided
over a, large attendance of delegates at Tuesday nights regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council. Secretary Percy R.
Bengough was also In his place.
James G. Smith presented his credentials from the Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners, Local No.
452, and was seated as a delegate.
B. C. Art League wrote acknowledging receipt of dues, and stated
that Delegate Corey had been appointed on the executive committee.
School Board wrote that Delegate
Dunn, Westall and Clark were appointed  on School survey.  Filed,
Deputy Minister of Labor McNiven
wrote regarding fair wage clause on
Second Narrows bridge contract. Referred to Building Trades Committee,
Minister of Labor Manson wrote
regarding proposed eight hour bill.
The secretary stated that the lumber men were present at Viotorla to
help draft the eight hour bill. The
laor delegation were unable to get,
any Information regarding certain in-1
dustrles to be incorporated in proposed act. It looked as if it will not
be much good to labor.
On motion, the secretary was Instructed to write to attorney-general
on the matter.
The following letter had been sent
to the B. C. Shipping Federation. It
wus still unanswered:
December 3,  1923.
James R. Stewart,
Secretary   Shipping    Federation    of
British Columbia,
Metropolitan Building, City.
Dear Sir:
"Re Longshoremen's Dispute."
With reference to the advertisement ns placed by the Shipping Federation in the last Friday's issue of
tho local papors, the advertisement
referred to notifying the public that
rosulting from interviews between
your association and the Trades and
Labor Council Committee, certain
proposals had boon submitted to your
former employoes, namely, the longshoremen.
We wish to take exception to the
advertisement for the reason that the
proposals as set out were not those
as received from your Federation and
which wero submitted by us to the
Yours truly,
Tho Labor Representation committee reported re civio elections. The
assistance of 30 or 40 volunteers was
nsked for, to distribute compalgn dodgers in favor of the candidature of
Aid. Pettlplece as mayor and George
Thom  ns  Alderman in  ward  6.
Delegate MacDonald reported for
Union Label committeo that the last
whist drive and dance was a success.
Next one will bo held In Cotillion HaU
on Docember 21st.
Longshore Striko
Delegate Prltchard reported at
length on the longshoremen's strike.
Ho had the highest praise for the way
organized labor in general, had assisted the waterfront strikors, The
International had endorsed the local
I.   L.   A.   but  eould  not  holp   it  as
(Continued  on  page  3)
General Public Knows Very Little
of Its Importance, Skill
or Hazards
To Advantage of Shipowners That
the Work Be Entrusted
to Skilled Men
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
AS far as the general public are
■ concerned very little is known
about the importance, skill or hazards
of longshore work. With this in mind,
we present this article to enlighten
those who look on longshorelng as
a well paid class of unskilled labor,
with everything to recommend it'and
nothlngj to bar tne unsophisticated
from handling its many and varied
forms of different cargoes. In the
handling of cargo it is to the advantage of the shipowner that the
work be entrusted to skilled and experienced men. It is only by years
of hard work in the handling of cargo
that we develop the longshoreman
who may be properly considered as
a skilled specialist in his craft Particularly is this true in the handling
of our basic exports, i.e., logs and
Work With a Swing
A trip over any vessel that is being loaded with these cargoes, by skilled men who have made this their
particular line of work, will show
that the work goes with a swing and
rythm, with a minimum of space
lost and with a maximum amount of
work accomplished. Can the same be
said of the unskilled conglomeration
of miscellaneous oddities at present
masquerading as longshore laborers
under the wing of the Shipping Federation?    We'll say not!
That lt Is a particularly hazardous
occupation is shown by Its classification as extra hazardous by the Insurance companies and the additional
premiums exacted by them. Accidents are common because of defective gear, lack or adequate safeguards, the necessity of handling dangerous articles and, above all, by the
green hand who will do the wrong
thing at the right time, which often
causes a loss of life and limb.
Never Sure of Work
Exposed to the elements, dust, lack
of proper ventilation and fumigation
gases, he is more subject than workmen in moat other occupations to
such diseases as pneumonia, tuberculosis, rheumatism and allied ills.
Never sure of work for moro than
a,few days nt a stretch, the average
longshoreman has to make hay while
tho sun shines. His good days have
to make up for his bad ones. Unfortunately his bad ones are in tho
majority. The wily "prosperity bird'
keeps around the corner and he never
gets closo enough to it to put salt
on its tail.
Now, Mr. Genoral Public, take all
theso facts into consideration and ask
yourself the question: Is longshorelng tho money-for-nothlng, overpaid)
class of work thot the Shipping Fedoration would have you believe it is,
Unquestionably, the lifo of a longshoreman is hard. Think it over.
When Union Painters Refused to
Work with a Non-Unionist
at King's Palace
LONDON, Doc. fl.—Quite a flutter
was caused recontly In "royal society"
whon a striko was threatened at
Buckingham Palace, residence of
King George and family. A nonunion painter had been put on a job
at the palace, and the trade union
painters regularly employed there refused to work with him. A messenger from the palace was dispatched
post haste, or by automobile, to the
officials of the National Federation
of Building Trado Operatives. John
Murrey, London district secretary of
the federation, at once intervened
and was able to settle the dispute
so that the work of repainting somo
of the planks about tho king's palace
proceeded without furthor interrup
tlon. King Georgo said he wanted
It to be a union Job.
Labor Party Holding Its Own-
Misrepresentation Flagrant
—Lady Astor
London Nov. 6.—Tho goneral elec-
tlon campaign closed to-night. As
far as tho prophets go lt is anybody's
fight. All sorts of charges are hurled
at one nnother by the party contestants. One Is thnt the communists
uf Moscow aro financing ton labor
candidates, This Is denied in toto
by the labor party.
Tho conservative pross Is publish
Ing misleading stuff aguinst Ramsay
Mocdonald's proposal to assess big
capita). Untruthful statements such
as assessing the small savings bank
accounts of women, etc., have a
very telling offect, and will do considerable harm, owing to Insufficient
publicity becnuse of the lack of labor
papers ln Groat Britain,
Brenan, labor candidate for Plymouth, Ik having a hard tussle with
Lady Astor. It Is a flght between a
personality and a cause, but when
all Is said and done the decision will
be on deeper notes. Though Lady
Astor won by some 14,000 votes a
year ago, all observers agroo that
labor will win, or will go near to
So far as most politicians aro con
cerncd, office-seekers hnvo duo prefer
onco  over labor legislation.
An acre of good fishing ground at
soa yields more food In a week than
an aero of the best land In a year.
Many Friends Say Au Rcvoir to Miss
Frances Foxcroft, of Stall of
T. and L. Council
After an absence of over twelve
years from her home in England, Miss
Frances Foxcroft, who has been connected with the international labo»*
movement In Vancouver ever since
her arrival here, left Monday evening
for her home to spend Christmas
with her mother. She has been on
the staff of ,the Vancouver Trades
and Labor (International), council
for nearly twelve years, and ls well-
known in all labor circles as being
a hard worker and a ready friend to
Many friends were at the station to
say aurevoir (but not farewell) to her
and showed their appreciation by presenting her with individual tokens of
their esteem, all expressing the wish
that "Frank," as she is best known to
her intimate associates, would return
at an early date.
Thomas   A.   Edison,  Electrical
Wizard, Has Difficulty in
Getting Suitable Youths
Unless   Lad  Is   Interested   in
Subjeot  Before  He  Is  14,
Never Masters Anything
AN extremely Interesting article by
^* Thomas Edison, the famous discoverer, on "How I Would Double the
Volume of Business," appears in System. He makes a remarkable confession about his inability to get good
mon, and has something to say about
boys and young men:
There is, "he says," a lack of men
capable of designing automatic machinery. We are increasing our
knowledge of the possibilities of
automatic machinery at the rate of
one hundred and we are increasing
the men capable of putting the Ideas
Into effect at two. No educational or
technical institution that I know of
Is even attempting to develop men
for this all Important phase of industry."
"This Is an extremely serious
problem. I had much lest) trouble
getting good men 40 years ago than
I have today. Then men of today
seem to lack imagination. I have
examined 1,800 young men for positions In the last two years. I took 80
of them and of that SO only 35 havo
"I test out tho men with a questionnaire in which I put five littto
mathematical problems which I took
from a child's school book on arithmetic. Not one man as yot has correctly answered all five of tho problems."
"It seems somehow that in the
modern system of education the
average boy's brain stops somewhere
between the elementary school und
the secondary school—that is, when
ho is about 14—and thereafter he
takes no interest In knowing an>-
thing. I find that unless a boy has
become interested in some subject—
It does not make much difference
what It Is—before ho is 14, he never
thereafter masters anything, but Is
content to be led or driven."
"Industry is the result of tho efforts of man, and I think of a large
part of the work of bettering Industry will have to begin with tho
education of the boy."
A good deal of interest ls being
shown in the campaign of James
Blackwood for his re-election
school trusee. He was chairman of
building and finance committoe In
1921, and chairman of tho board of
management,   1923.
A Union Is What You Muke It
Somo men Imnglno (hat u union
comes out of tho sky, und that It Is
mado to order. This Is a fallacy
which only activo participation In
union affairs cnn destroy, Why not
bo nn active member, instead of a
Help the I.L.A. Fund
The vast majority of working
peoplo are in sympathy with tho
members of the International
Longshoremen's association in
their strugglo against unjust conditions on the waterfront. All
those In sympathy with the strikers
should be willing to contribute
something to the strike fund. If
you overlooked or put off doing
so last week, do it without fall
Contributions nheuld Im sent to or \<*(*
with Vorcy 11. Nongongh, apcrclary of thn
TriNtPK nnd Lnbor Council. And m.'iiil.er
of thn pdllnrlnl liourd of The H. C. Fnd-
nrMinnlnt. Do thi- Iipi-I you cnn, And Do
It Now.
Fill Out thn Blink Bolow:
l't-rcy It, Bongough, NrrrnlAry Tridol *.ni
Labor Conndl, Holden Building, Van;
couver,  B. C.
Next woek Is hut another namo for
tomorrow, which has fcoen noted for
promising nnd deceiving.
"If a man docs not make new acquaintances ns ho advances through
life, ho will soon find himself loft
alono, A mnn, sir, should keop his
friendship In constant repair."
for thr Trad™ nnd Ubor Council L I K,
Municipal   and   School   Board
Contests Being Followed
Up Keenly by Workers
J.   J.   McCormaok   of   Trades
and  Labor Counoil  Obtained
as  Organizer of Campaign
[Special to The Federationist]
P^DMONTON, Alta., Dec. 6.—The
municipal and school board elections in Edmonton are being followed
up keenly by the workers of that
city. The Edmonton council of the
Canadian labor party Is running four
candidates for city council and three
for the school board. The general
meeting of the party last week decided to run a separate campaign
in addition to the meetings for all
candidate arranged by the city authorities, and enlisted the services of
J: J. McCormack of the local Trades
and Labor council in organizing, the
campaign. The labor fire opened a
few days ago with a leaflet entitled
"Shall the Bankers or the Citizens
Rule the City of Edmonton," and
this is beinng followed up by a pamphlet dealing with the attempt made
by Yorath, the paid city commissioner
of Edmonton, to get the local school
board undere the control of the city
council. Near election day a broadsheet is to be Issued giving the views
of the labor candidates and a resume
of the activities of the local branch
of the CL.P.
Tho Canadian labor party's candidates will probably all be elected this
year to the city council and school
board. Their programme is taking
hold not only among the organised
labor workers, but also among the
unconverted and the unorganized.
The money now being expended in
Edmonton on anti-labor propaganda
appears also to be giving the workers
cause to think.
Saturday Night's Scotch Danco
The committee operating the Scotch
dance at the Pender hall every Saturday, had a very encouraging start last
Saturday, Dec. 1, 1923, considering the
weather. Everyone present enjoyed
themselves and statements wore made
that, as the music (five-piece orchestra) was first class, it would be no
time till tho Pender hall was the
Mecca for those that like to have a
■eai good time, and meet real good sociable people. The programme consisted of waltzes, fox-trots, one-stops,
quadrilles, etc. All enquirers regarding tho danco can bo had from James
Cant, 321 Cordavo street west. ■
"Survival  of  tho Fittest"
Most peoplo fancy wnen they talk
of the "survival of the fittest," they
are using the language of J.1 irwin.
That they are not. The phrase is
Herbert Spencer's, and is moro exact
than Darwin's, which was "natural
selection"—a phrase, hy the way,
grievously misunderstood by hosts of
writers and speakers.
ne    Municipal    Elections
Because Peterhead Electors
Away Herring Fishing
West. Ham for 35 Tears Campaigned for Housing Reform
—First Labor Hospital
[labor Press Service]
T ONDON, NOV, 22 — Peterhead,
*~* East Aberdeenshire, is obviously
in for a breathless time. This busy
fishing port has' been obliged to postpone its municipal election until December 11, owing to the absence of the
bulk of the electors—men and womeii
—at Bngllsh herring stations. Cost-
of-living is an issue of particular
magnitude at Peterhead, where food
prices range high, and in this connection local Labor has taken a leaning part in securing amelioration
wherever possible.
Autograph Hunters.
The latest Bernard Shaw story, related by a friend with whom he has
recently been staying, fs worth repeating. During the stay Hr. Shaw
received a most abusive letter. His
host expressed sympathy, whereupon
the famous author replied laughingly,
"Oh, these things are only sent to me
to get my signature."
A Silver Jubilee
Congratulations to John Turner,
general secretary of the National
Amalgamated union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks,
who has jUBt attained the "silver Jubilee" of his services with the union,
Pew trade unionists can boast of such
a wealth of experience as this pioneer
who in addition to his activities
in connection with the N. A. U. S, has
fought the fight for the workers on
many governmental committees.
Mayor Jlnvk Jones, M. P.
"The labor party In West Ham has
for thirty-five years carried out a vigorous campaign ln favor of housing
reform, or productive work for the
unemployed, of the national equalization of rates," says Mayor Jack Jones,
M.P. Tho popular member for 611-
vertown, who hns heen tor nlneteon
years a member of the council, shows
how nothing but the reluctance of reactionary governments hay prevented
labor ideals from being carried out In
their entirety,
First Lahor Hospital
A side of trade unionism not perhaps as well known as It ought to
be to the general public was fn evidence at the Labor hospital at Golders
Qreen the olher day, when Ben Tilleti
M. P., handed river to the authorities
an up-to-date operating table, which
he had been Instrumental in getting
presented to tho hospital,
The co-operative movement, by tht
way, takes a keen practicaal Interost
in the hospital—which belongs to the
Industrial Orthopaedic society—and
an appeal recently made by A, J3.
Waterson resulted in a useful addition
to the funds.
{Aid, Almond (Ward Two) aad
John Bennett (Ward Four)
by Acclamation
QN Wednesday the following names
were put fn nonmtnation at th*
city hall as candidates for the different elective offices for 1924, Polling
I day is next Wednesday:
For mayor: Aid. W. R. Owen, Aid,
. P. Pettipiece, Ex-mayor L. D.
Por alderman: Ward I—E. W.
Dean, Alii. T. H. Tracy; word II, Aid.
H. E, Almond (acclamation); ward HI,
Aid. P. G. Gibbons, Leon Lotzkar,
Ex-ald. W. Marshall; ward IV, John
Bennett (acclamation); ward V,
John Gnrbutt, OeorSre Thom, F. W.
j Welsh; ward VI, 8. J. Birch, R. P.
Campbell, Qeorge W. Morrow, Charles
Sangster, Dr. Worthlngton; ward
VII, Andrew Blyth, Charles Board-
man, G. Bustls, Aid. W. J. Scrlbblns,
Ex-ald. F. E. Woodside; ward VIII.
I Aid. Fred Rogers, George Sutherland.
For school trustees (for to be elected): Jamas Blackwood, Major M.
'j. Crehan, Dp." W.^J. Xtownie, Edgar
H. Edwards, Mrs. D. Macaulay, A.
L.  MacWilliams, A. J. B.  Mellish.
For parks board (three to be elected): B. G. Bayhes, James Coles, G.
H. Cottrell, Robt Cram.'W. C. Shelly.
Hand your neighbor this copy or
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Independent    Labor   Party    of
Stellarton Adopts Planks to
Meet Present Needs
HTKLLAHTON, N. S., Dec, 4.—At
a recent meeting of the Independent
Labor party, the following political
platform waa adopted:
Wo have In viow a complete change
In our present economic and social
system, In this we recognize our solidarity with the workers of lho world
over. As a means to this end, and
iu order to meet the pressing neods,
we recommend the following platform:
1. Unemployment) (n) State ln-
surtince against unemployment and
chargeable to Industry; (b) regulation of Immigration.
2. Public ownorship and democratic control  of  public utilities.
3. Electoral reform: (a) Proportional representation; (b) Names instoad of oloctlon deposits; (c) Extension  of voting facilities.
4. Old age pension, and health
nnd   disability insurance.
Abolition   of nnn-elertlve  legislative bodies.
fl.    International   disarmament.
I. Direet legislation; (a.) The Initiative; (b) the Referendum; (c.)
tho Recall.
fi.   The  Eight-Hour Day.
9. Repeal of Amendments to Immigration Act, providing for deportation of British subjects.
10. Removal of taxation on necessities of life; tnxatlon on land
Values, and abolition of fiscal legislation thnt leads to class.
II, Nationalisation of the hanking system.
12. Capital levy Tor reduction of
War Doht.
Co-Operative   Common wealth
The roal objective of tho working
mon who establish the co-operatlvo
movement wns to lay the foundation
of a co-operative commonwealth, pays
T.  Henderson.  M   I'.
A Thieves' Paradise
A London paper declares there Is
hardly anothor place in the world
where the profession of the law Is
such a thieves' paradise as it is in
Always look up The Fed. advertiser*
before making purchases.
Aid. Owen, Aid. Pettipiece and ex
Mayor Taylor Contest
the Mayoralty
Anent The Poor
Poverty is a social curse out of
whloh flow nearly all crime, vice and
A poor man is almost necessarily a
slave, and may easily become a criminal.
Poverty so widespread In society
does not arise from the laziness, extravagance or drunkenness of the
As a rule the poor are more Industrious, thrifty and' temperate than
the rich.
Poverty Is not the fault but the
misfortune of Its victims.
Would Be No Idle Builders
Under a labor government Micro
would be no Idle building trade operatives while houses remained to be
built, unys R. C Wallhoad, M.P.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
About 125,000,000 Feet of lumber
Must be Shipped to Meet
Labor l-Vir Bvoryono,
Labor speaks for everyone who tolls
In  the  Interests   of   lho  community,
says James C, Welsh, M.P.
Dr. W. J. Downie Is Unanimously
Endorsed as Labor's Candidate for Board
Dr, w. J. Downle. sanipractlc
physician, has received the unanimous endorsatlon of the Federated
Labor Party aw candidate for school
Trustee. At, a mooting of the executive of tho Lahor Representation
committee on Wednesday eve. ho also
received the endorsatlon of the various organisations represented by that
Dr. Downle, who during tho past
eight years lms taken a great deal
of Interest In school afafirs In the
city, has had considerable experience
along lines of scholastic endeavor on
lhe prnirloH. He was primarily responsible fnr tho establishment of four
school districts around Erlckdalo,
Man., bofore coming to the coast.
At that time there was no rail connection with Krlckdale, the settlors
having themselves to haul lumber for
one of these .schools over forty miles
of rough trail and swamps.
Dr, Downle's nttitude In the campaign Ik well known. "More schools
ami bettor school.." Is his slogan,
coupled with properly supervised
playgrounds, Ho is strongly in fnvor
of adequato and definite Instruction
along physical culture lines, ns distinctly opposed to nny kind of militnry training.
Exports to Ports Across Pacific Is
Advanced Fifty Per Oent.
in Past Few Weeks
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
APPROXIMATELY 00,000,000 feet
of lumber orders havo boen
hooked to be cut In January and
February by local sawmills for the
JapanoHo trade, and about 7,000,000
feot for Australia.
During December about 125,000,000
feet have to be shipped If the mills
meet their commitments,
The class- of lumber going to Japan
is divided into baby squares, big
squares and boards of random sixes.
Orders aro being sought by Canadian
Operators from Independent buyers tn
proferenco to the Japanese government business, as the specifications
are moro suitable to lho cutting of
tho mills hore. Those Independent
dealers have been nccustomed to tuking lumber from this market and
aro more conversant with the class of
material moving, thnn the government representatives.
Logs are in koen demand in Jnpnn.
Cedar, fir and hemlock sticks go out
on nearly every boat as deckload
The tog exports to ports across tbe
Pacific have advanced GO per eent In
the past few woeks, with prices firm
and Indicating oven greater votume In
tho nour future.
Ties and crossing limber ordors
from tho Unltod Kingdom are plentiful and tho British Columbia mills
quoted on 5,000,000 feet this week of
this clnss of lumber, moving for the
noxt two months.
Parcel lots of lumbor will bo on
boats going to New .Zoaland and Peru
Iuih nn order for 1,260.000 feot of
South American standard specification matorial In this market.
The shinglo mHln of British C'ol-
umbla huve resumed operations up
to about 80 per conl of normal.
Sunday Sun, December 2, 1023'
Looks like a yoars work Is ahead
of the scabs for the month of December alone. If thc mills can't get
hotter service than they hnve beon
netting they will soon havo to raft
their lumbor nnd tow It across the
Paelfle. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year,  no. 49 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY December 7, im
British Columbia Federationist
Published overy Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business Office: 1120 Howo Street
Editorial Office: Boom 300—319 Ponder W.
Editorial Board: V- R. Bengough, H. H. Wool*
ands, Qeorge Bartley.    ______
So bs crip tion Rate: United Status and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 pur
year, $1.-50 for six months; to Unions sub*
scribing in a body, lfic por membor per
FRIDAY December
ALTHOUGH thero aro a large number of candidates contesting this
year's civic elections, this fact should
not Interfere with the chances of the
labor nominees. Tho ones chosen by
the Vancouver and ' District Labor
Representation committee are tried
and ablo men in the movoment, and
no doubt, will make a grand showing
when the ballots are counted. The
city this year has reverted to the ward
method, the electors having defeated
the proportional representation system
of voting last year. This may weaken
the cumulative vote of the workers as
a whole, but then -where working people are outnumbered in certain wards,
they will show up strong in other sections. Thus thoy should keep their
balnnce pretty well. Questions at
issue should be good and sufficient
reasons for all wage-earners, union
and outsiders, radical and conservative, to cast their ballots in favor
of the labor slate, headed by Aid.
Pettlplece as labor candidate for
mayor. Ho haa boon active in the
labor movement in this province
for about thirty years, and is well
known to the electorate. The campaign has been a spirited one, but
so far clean, and it is to be hoped
that it will continue so to the end
of the chapter. The differences of
opinion, which naturally arise over
the different schools of thought, are
moro or less of an academic nature,
and should not., prove to be a stum*
bling block against giving support
to tbe champions of the platform as
drawn 'up by the Labor Representation committee. Beforo workers
' ever can hope to gain the confidence
of the voting public, they must drop
their prejudices and bickerings over
trival matters, and pull together for
the main issue, or else remain In the
unenviable position they are ln to
day. Leaders and othors of advanced and radical ideas may push
themselves too far ahead of their
fellow-workers in the march they
term as progress. If they do, they
will kick up such a dust so that the
common people cannot see eye to
eye with them—they will drop thi
pace and stay behind. Leaders can
not accomplish anything tangible
for labor with .unwilling followers,
so that tho only safe courso to pursue to advance tho interests o'f lo-
bor Is one of progress, with roason
and moderation. This may be tardy,
but then good results and victory
In the end, are bound to result. The
election takes place next Wednesday,
and a big poll is promised.
Following is the labor platform
adopted by the Labor Representation
Committee for the ensuing civic elections:
(1) That the union rate of wages
be the minimum.
(2) That forty-four hours a week
be the maximum,
(3) That we are in favor of day
labor on all civic and municipal work,
(4) That we aro In favor of owning and controlling all public utilities each to be organizod and administered by soparate departments.
(5) That public service should be
rendered at cost.
(6) That police commissioners be
elected by popular vote.
(7) That we are ln favor of the
abolition of property qualifications
for publie office.
Special  Trade  Commissioner of
Canadian Government Reports
Russia Advancing Bight
"The Testimony of the Rocks"
Whicb Tell Us Our Ancestors Were Once Pish and Reptiles
Expenditure   Greatly   Curtailed
Through  Cutting  of Staffs
State  Support Beduced
QTTAWA, Dec. 5.*—L. D. Wilgress i
spocial trade commissioner of
tho Canadian Federal Govornment,
has made a report, outlining the progress of Russia. "It ls perhaps in
tho realm of finance," says Trade
Commissioner Wllgree, "more than
in any othor department of state
economy that progress has boen made.
The accomplishments of the last two
yoars," he continues, "include the introduction of a budget, control of expenditure, Imposition of taxes, raising of loans, introduction of a new
unit of currency, efforts at currency
stabilization, re-establishment of the
state bank, creation of credit and savings deposit Institutions. The authorities are proceeding along right lines.
Expenditure has been greatly curtailed. Through the cutting down
of staffs of government institutions,
the numbor of persons supported by
the state has been reduced from 35,-
000,000 in 1320 to 2,500,000, which Includes the standing army of 600,000
Closely following t|ie .-publication
of this report on conditions in Russia,
lms come the word that a trade mls-
:lon is leaving .Moscow shortly to
discuss trado relations with the Canadian governmont. Canada has no
trade treaty with Russia, but Canadian traders are free to do business
with that country, and a number of
business men have already visited
Russia with a view to securing concessions there.
Aid. Pettipiece
(Continued from page 1)
Professor Says Profits from Advertising   Big   Business
Pays the Piper
Dr. Schuyler O. Wallace, professor
of political science of Columbia University, bus written an article on direct bribery of tho public press. He
A more serious perversion of tlio
modern press Ih lhal caused by economic pressure, Direct bribery is by no
means unknown, and that our pross
has acted and probably Is acting an
unknown advertising medium for private enterprise ia beyond question
Tho most usual form of economic
pressure, however, combs in connection
with advertising. Profits como from
advertising. Advertising comes from
big business, who pays the piper calls
the tunc. And yot some qualification
of tbat statement is necessary. Tho
newspaper or .maagavilne with large
circulation and many advertisers can
afford to offend this or that advertiser
—-oven as the largo department store
eon afford to offend the Individual
customer*. Few newspapers, however,
ean afford to offend all or even a large
portion nf their advertisers, This
means, in a word, that fow newspapers, indeed, can afford to offend big
busines on those things upon
which big business Ih divided or indifferent the larger pnporH have a
considerate measure of Independence,
but upon those matters on which corporate wealth Is unanimous, or nearly
so, rare Indeed is the newspaper that
enn bo independent.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
quirements of the worker, whether ho
goes to his task ln overalls or white
eollar, It Is the duty of every worker
Lo place a ballot in tho box on Wednesday, December 12. And lt is, furthermore, a duty to place that ballot
as oarly in the day as is possible. Today there Is not a worker who will not
be afforded full opportunity to register
his or her choice, and there should
not be one to fail in the exercise of
tho franchise.
Only a few days remain for the contest. If labor Is to gain that recognition it deserves as a powor in the community life of the city ever-vote must
be polled. On tbo voters' list of Vancouver are hundreds upon hundreds of
names of mon and women who often
fall to voto on election day for various
reasons and excuses. In this particular election, no reason is good enough
or sufficient to warrant any man or
woman from remaining away from the
polls. It may rain or it may freeze,
tho aun,may shine of the thermometer may stand at 110 In the shade;
the children may be fractious, there
may be a dozen alleged reasons for putting oft theJ trlji to tbe ballot box, but
no woman elector can on this occasion
afford to rom ain away.
Aid. Pettipiece ia waging a clean
fight. Ho is not Indulging in personalities. He Is absolutely clean-cut and
constructive In his presentation of tho
policiea which are laor's, and which
he Is so ably placing before the people
of Vancouver.
Based upon the experience of tbe
labor movement in the United Kingdom, plus his own experience and
training at tho city hall In Vancouver
for the past two years, Pettlplece has
made good in tbe somewhat limited
sphere of an aldermanic ropresenta
tive. With a united front, it is possible for labor to place him in a position
where he will hold greator sway and
where he will have greater power to
exert on behalf of those who toll, and
have a stake In the advancement and
wlfure of thc community,
An outstanding feature of the present campaign Is the large attendance
Pettipiece bi securing at his meetings.
When other candidates for the mayoralty are speaking to dozens, ho Is addressing hundreds; In faet, tho candldatea for aldermanlc office, the school
oard and the parks board have learned that If they wish to meet the electors, they must attend the Pettlplece
meetings. Tho consequence of tho
popularity of these gatherings is that,
thoy laat vory far Into the night, so
many aro the speakers who desire to
iio hoard,
Tho grand final rally of tho Petti
piece campaign will be hold in the
ball-room of the Hotol Vancouver, on
the night of Tuesday, December 11.
Rvery arrangement has been made for
the accommodation of nn enormous
crowd. The galleries have boon reserved for ladiea ond thoir escorts.
Entrance to the hotel may be cithor
from Georgia or Oranvllle streets, As
there will he a rush for seats, it is advisable that attendance should bo
made as early as possible.
Ono of the speakers at the Hotel
Vancouver will bo G. G. McGeer, K.
('., an old-time union moulder, and
delegate lo tlie Vancouver Trades and
Labor council. Mr. McGeer has attained a continental-wide reputation
as a forceful, lucid exponent of whatever subject ho may choose for a
Speech, and hla remarks on behalf of
Aid, Pettlpleco will be fitting and to
the point.
George C. Thorn, L. R. C. candidate
for ward 5, has accompanied Aid, Pot'
tlploco on the platform at all meeting?
held In or near bis ward, and IiIb
proflpects for election are good.
T AST FRIDAY, "The Evidences or
*-* Evolution Through the Fossil Remains Found in the Stratified Rocks,"
was tbe subject discussed. From
Haeckel'i- "Evolution of Man," and
Hurd's "Picturo Book of Evolution,"
many interesting pictures were shown.
Hundreds of millions of years after
the earth had been thrown off from
tho sun, it had cboled sufficiently for
oxygen and hydrogen to unito, and in
the groat warm, shallow seas, which,
at that time, probably covered the
earth, chemical action becoming more
and more complex, began to preparo
lho way for that proporty of matter
ami motion, termed life, and we must
also remember that all the elements of
which living organisms aro composed
existed in the solar nebula?, and in tbo
primordial seasons before life appeared.
Tbe earliest manifestations of life,
such as exist in protoplasm, the Amoeba, or in jelly flsh, or In worms, etc.,
being without shells, or bony structure, could not develop fossils, and
have left no record in the rocks, so
that the Archean deposits estimated
at 05,000 feet In thickness, and 100,-
000,000 yenrs in forming, contains
little or no evidences of life. The
speaker told how modern geology,
based on the orderly succession of fossil remains, which indicated dovelopment upward toward man, was first
discovered by Wm. Smith, an Englishman, little more than a century
ago, and this discovery was followed
by tbe "Principles of Geology," by
Sir Charles Lyle, in which was endorsed the "Theory of Evolution."
What tho Stratified Itock Reveals
The Archean, or lower start as, have
been referred to, The next tn order
toward modern times la the primary
group, representing the paltezolc
forms of life. This contains fossils
belonging to species almost entirely
different from those of today. They
consist of small shell-fish and molluscs, not unlike our clams and cockles of British Columbia, but tbere are
no animals with bony frames, and
none which can inhabit the land.
Near the top of this division in the
Devonian system, are found flsh of a
lower order. These uro the first of the
vertebra; or back-boned flsh, and at
the top of this primary group tbe first
amphibians are found. Those are animals which can breathe air, and can
live on land, or In the water, and-this
represents a point in evolution, when
some of tho inhabitants of the sea In
their strugglo for existence, had crawled on shore.
Dr. Curry hero showed somo "living
fossils," representing this stage, and
theso inhabit Australia today. They
are a curious typo of flsh, which, when
tho streams dry up, hobble about on
their fins, and oven climb trees. The
carboniferous period occurs In this
group, and marks the growth of great
fern trees which flourished for millions of years, and which, through
heat, and pressure, wero transformed
into coat, which today heats the
houses of Vancouver. The carboniferous age developed the roof-beaded
amphibians, from which mammals or
animals which suckle thoir young, and
upes, and the human race evolved. In
the secondary group reptiles appear;
some animals have left the water entirely by this time, and hero the remains of the groat reptile birds are
found, and the pre-mummal has made
Its appearance.
In division eight of the second
groups known as the Jurassic system, are found the huge fossil remains of those monstrous reptiles of
tbo Atlantasouris type. These were
sometimes 150 feet long, and over
twenty tons in weight. Some of these
hideous monsters were shown on the
Wit and Humor
'screen, the speaker explaining that
they were a side line, and not our
direct ancestors, notwithstanding
their characteristic of small brain,
and prodigious stomach, which remind us of some existing specimens
of our race.
The cretaceous period marks a development or our great chalk de-!
posita. Chalk is composed of the tiny
shells of marine life, and it required
millions of years for the chalk cliffs
of old England to devolop.
In the third, or tertiary group,
many of the vertebrae, or backboned animals are similar to those
of today, and truo mammals make
thoir apearance as the dominant type.
In the upper -part of tho tertiary
group, the fossil remains of cats,
antelopes, pigs and apes appeared.
The fourth, or Quarternary section
shown on the screen embraces modern
times, but its lower stage marks the
scenes of a great ice-age, which destroyed the greater part of animal
life where it occurred. In Europe
alone, the ice-fields covered over
700,000 square miles, and were sometimes 6000 feet thick and yet primitive man lived through the ice-age
as the cave man, The testimony of
the rocks is a great story of the evolution of life, and life is traced back
to its great mother—the sea.
There is no evidence of "sepecial
creation," or of "Noah's Flood," but
thero (a everywhere evidenced the
evolutionary surgo upwards from
simple to complex, through the "survival of the fittest." It is the gospel
of   hopo   and   promise   for   mankind.
Embryology on Friday Evening.
How our life bofore birth proves
evolution will be dealt with :at the
next lecture. Many striking illustrations will demonstrate tho declaration of the moderrt biologist, that
"embryology supplies the strongest
evldenco  of  evolution."
Greater interest and fuller audiences aro now in evidence, and it ls
safe to say that the workers, and
public of B. C. In general havo never
beforo had such an opportunity of
understanding some of the great
secrets of life and development, that
they may now enjoy at these Friday
ovening lectures In lhe W. P. hall,
303 Pender west.
Again tho Dressmaker
Miss Flip—it is vulgar to dress so
as to attract attention on the street.
Miss Flap—Isn't it though?
MIs& Flip—I saw Miss Knobby going down the stroet yesterday in a new
dross which caused every man ehe
passed to turn and look, at her.
Miss Flap—Suro enough!,I wonder
who is her dresmaker?
Miss Flip—I asked her, but sho
wouldn't tell me,
A Personal Ono
"Don't they ever have a Clean-up
Week in this town?" demanded the
transient who had just entered with
his suitcase.
Yes," repllod the departing guest
as he sorrowfully paid his bill. "The
hotels seems to be conducting one
now."—Legion  Weekly.
Every reader of The Federallonlst
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they aro due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not tnke
much effort to do this.   Try ft.
Cause and Effect
Sign oh florist's window—"Say It
with Moonshine." A curious pedestrian went inside and Inquired about
it. The florist answered, "Well, If
fdu say it with moonshine, the flowers
will  come, later."—Lyre.
Deep Dilemma.
"Why is the little fellow crying?"
"Because he can't have a holiday."
"Why can't he have a holiday?"
"Because he does'nt go to school
Why Be Well?
Jud Tunklns says patent medicine
ada are so attractive that it makes
a man who has his health feel Uke
he was missing something.—Washington Star.
A Word Docs It.
"Which weeds are the easiest to
kill?" asked the city chap of the
"Widows' weeds" replied the
farmer; "you have only to say 'wilt
thou' and they wilt."—Lyre.
Poor Bag.
went   shooting
Foreigners Believed Mark Would
Rise in Value and Bought
Them from Germans
Where has the money gone? The
cost of the armies of occupation and of
commissions to Germany, according
to the latest accounts, have been over
two and a half thousand million gold
marks. This includes payment, not
only for food and lodging, but for
1,400 drawing room suites, . 72,000
whito wine glasses. 61,000 claret
glasses, 15,000 port wine glasses
45,000 champagne glasses, 68,000 liqueur glassess, and 26,000 beer
glasses. Clearly the armies on the
Rhino cannot bo expected lo drink
different wines out of the aame kind
of glasses! Are they not conquorors
of the foos of democracy? I'have not
mentioned the 800 ladles' writing tables or the 3,600 children's beds,
which have beon paid for aa part of
tho cost of the armies of occupation.
The very peculiar joko of Reparations, howevor, comes out evon moro
clearly when we Inquire who baa paid
the money. Of course, thc money camo
from Germany: but how did it get
there? We cannot give all tho details
here; but about 10 billion gold marks
came from tho aale of papor marks
to tho Innocent citizens of Grent Britain, Franco and tho Unitod Statos.
This waa not fraud on tho pnrt of
tho German government. Wbat happened was simply tills; In 1919 and
1920 foroign era outalde Germany believed that tho mark would rlso in
value and they bought paper marks
from privato Germans. As a matter
of fact, tho mark has disappeared,
and nono of theso speculators will get
a penny; but they will have tho happiness of knowing that (hoy holpod
the Gorman govornmont to pay Reparations.
A GENTLEMAN was one day visiting
a lunatic asylum, and whilst walk
Ing in tbe grounds he met a patient
to whom he said:
"Well, my good man, and how did
you get here?"
The luntatic replied as follows:
"Well, sir, you see, I married a
widow with a grown-up daughter, and
then my father married that same
stop-daughter, and that made my
wifo the mother-in-law of her father
in-law, and my father became my
"Then my stepmother, the daughter of my wife, had a son, and that
boy, of course, was my brother becauso he was my father's son; but he
was also the son of my wife's stepdaughter, and therefore her grandson,
and that made me grandfather of my
"Then my wife had a son, so my
mother-in-law, the step-sister of my
son, Is also his grandmother, because
he is her step-son's child; my father
is the brother-in-law of my child, because his step-sister Is his wife; I am
the brother of my own son, who is
also the son of my step-grandmother;
I am my mother's brother-in-law; my
wife is her own child's aunt; my son
is my father's nephew; and I am my
own grand-father.
'That's why I am here, sir!"--
West Virginia Fedorationist.
He: "Yes."
She: "Shoot anything.'
He: "Only Smith."
A New Reason
"No man is a hero to his valet
remarked the ready-made philosopher
"It's not to be wondered at," rejoined Miss Cayenne. "Anybody who
wants to be considered a hero ought
at least to be man enough to dress
himself."—Washington   Star.
,       Built to Order
"What's the matter with Smith?
Got lumbago or spinal curvature or
"No, he has to walk that way to
fit some shirts his wife made for him.'
tf     UMITED
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Gloves Are Sensible Gifts
Especially if They
Are Trefousse
Wrist length in black, white and colors, at $2.25,
$2.50 and $3.00 per pair.
Novelty gauntlets in  black,  white  and colors at
$3.95 to $5.50 a pair.
8-Button length Suede at $4.95.
12-Button length Suedo at $5.50.
16-Button length at $6.00 a pair.
20-Button length in white at $8.50 a pair.
Fur-trimmed Mocha, priced from $4.50 to $8.00
a pair.
—Drysdale's Glove Shop, FirBt Floor
675 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3540
Every render of Tlie Federatlonist
cnn render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as
tlicy aro due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe It docs not tako
much effort to do tills.   Try lt.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Horsepower Intellect
You've met thla bird, too
We  suspect,
With the single horsepower Intellect;
You tell him a story and
Hear him say:
"I've heard lt before—
In a different way!"   '
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does It.    Why not do It yourself?
Behind this
it th* reputation of A.
largest, moit hygienical-*
ly scientific brewing institution in the West—a plant
that  guarantees  always  th*
utmost in purity and the perfection of satisfaction in every
bottle.    Public   endorsement   of
Cascade is proved by ever increasing sales — now greater than all
others in British Columbia combined.
Get a supply of Cascade today
Sold at all Government Liquor Storee
Poiret Twills Broadcloths, Velours,
Serges, Tweeds, by the yard, at Fire Sale
Prices. v
FURS—a little damaged, but a great
find to those who can make use of them
■—gift prices.
SUIT  CO. Lid.
Ring up Phone Seymour 2354
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Bulldlnf
"How wonderful ls tho human voice.
It is indued tho organ of the soul."
C4TT IS indeed thc organ of tho soult"
X Ench inflection of your voice has a
meaning for tlioso who know you. Nothing may substituto for ll. Your voico is
you I
Whon you havo nows for a friend—
whon a business mattors noeds attention—
when you wiali to bring joy to thoso at
homo—send your voice—yourself—on tho
All this company's telephones are avail;
ablo day and night.
1160 Oeorgia Stnet *
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading, room,
901-903 Birks Bldg. *
HAVE you ever had a real drink
of Pure Apple Cider during tlie
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have Introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider in pint bottles,
either pure sweet or governmont regulation 2% hard apple cidor. Theso drinks
are absolutely pure Bnd free from all
carbonic acid gaa or preservatives of
any naturo. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
8S7 Hutings St. W. VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Telephone!: Seymour 6606 ud 6067
B. F. Harriion
Phon. Ftirmoue 68
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Bates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoo to Eat"
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by tlje Government of British Columbia.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
U.S. yoa protected yonrtelf tnd yonr family agalnit nek an emergency,
iritk a SAVINGS ACCOUNT— Ike moil Taluablc Allot a man ean kave for
tbe ''RAINY DAY."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yon to atari anek an aeeonnt AT ONOR,
at ont of oor Olty Branehtt*
Oordon and Abbott Main aid IStb An.
B. Barman, kEanager
Main aid Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If yon are living in * commnnity not provided with Banking facilities, addreu at hy mall, and we will be glad to guide you ln respect to "Banking by Mall."
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
> Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. ItlDAY December 7,  1923
MY Expression Plates restore the natural lines of
youth to the face—flt to perfection—give comfort from flrst to last—allow thorough chewing of
food. They have resulted from many years of
specialization—will not slip, rock or move out of
position, fl
15 Years' Guarantee
given on my Expression
Platea, and on every
other branch of dontal
An examination, advice and estimate of cost
doos not obligate you. Dental prices are
now tower than evor boforo—call at my office or make a date over the phone.
Furmurly member of tlio Faculty of the Colloge of Dentistry, University of Southern
California; lecturer on Crown and Bridgowork; demonstrator in Pint (.work and
Operative Dentistry, looal and general aneosthoBin.
602 Hastings Street West Phone, Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
JvNCOUV_.lt     TRADES     AND     LABOR
■ Council—President,  R. II.  Neelands,   M.
J A.; goneral aeeretary, Percy R, Bungoi^gb.
|Aue: SOS, 319 Pender St. West. Phone tiey.
J5. Meet* in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
■ first and third Tuesdays in month.
Meets second Monday In thu month, Preient, J. It. While; secretary, R. Ii, Noel-
ds, P. 0. Bux 60.
lova Street West—Business meetinga
>ry Wednesday evening, A. Miolnnls,
tii-mnn;   E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.;  Oeo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Straet, Vancouver,
C, corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
urination re securing speakers or the for-
tion of local branches, kindly communicate
th provincial Secrotary J. Lyle Telford,
4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. ' Te)p-
[one Seymour 1382, or Fairmont Jt)38.
second Thursday every month, 319 Pender
rout West. President, J. Brightwell;
uncial socretary, a. A. Bowron, 929—llth
o. East.
[AL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
liver, B. -., meets second and fourth Tuns-
tin In each month in Koum 318—819 Pea-
> Street West.    President, C. E. Herrett,
! Hastings Street East; secretary, A. R,
_1, 820 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey.
J2. Residenco phone, Doug. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Holp-
of  Americu,   Local   194—Meetings   first
I J third Mondays In each month, Presi-
nt, P. Willis; Becrotary, A. Fraser. Offloo:
om 803—319 Pendor Street West. Office
irs, 0 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
trlc'klayers or masons for boiler works,
,,, or marblo Bottom, phono Bricklayers'
lion, Labor Temple.
(KITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners, Luoal 462—Presidont,
W. Hatley; recording aeeretary, W. Page;
sincss agent, Win. Dunn. Office: Room
'l—319 Pendor Streot West. Mt'ets socond
i fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5, BIO
nder Street West. 
1 third Fridays in each month, nt HH Cov-
ni Street West. President, David Cuthlll,
__ Albert Stroot; secretary-treasurer, Quo,
rrlson, 1182 Parker Street.	
Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meets
ary Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
mplo. President, J. Flynn; businoss agent
d financial secretary, b\ S. Hunt; recording
-rotary, D, Hodges.	
Prosidont, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
.rotary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
every flrst and third Monday in room 312—
9 Pender Streot West. President, J. R.
twthorne; flnanclal secretary, A. Padgham,
yce Hoad Post Oflee, Vancouvor, B. 0.;
sordlng secretary, G. Tether,  2249—4&th
e. East, Vancouvor, B. 0.	
Jnion, Local as—441 Soymour Street,
ets first and third Wednesdays at 2:80
i. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
(0 p.m. Executivo board moeta every
isday at 3 p.m. Prosldent, W. A. Colmar-
iness agont, A. Graham. Phono Seymour
L ■__
;f Stoam and Operating, Local 882—
jtu evory Wodnesday at 8 p.m., Room
Labor Tomple. President, Charles Pr'ce;
jinesii agont and financial secretary, F. L.
lit; recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
CHINIRTS LOCAL 162—President, Les
loorge; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
nt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809, 819
dor Street Wost. Meets in Room 813—
Pender Street Wost, on flrat and third
rsdays in month.	
CHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
lawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
it, P. R. Bongough. Offlce: 809—819
der Btreet West. Meets in Room 8—
Peader Street West, on second and 4th
sdays in month.	
rNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
se Hall, Homor Streot, second Sunday,
LO a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
on Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
Nolson Street; flnanolal socretary, W. K.
I lams, 991 Nelson Street; organizer, F.
cher, 991 Nelson Street,
AtHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paperhangers of Amorica, Looal
II Vancouvor—Meets 2nd and 4th Thurs-
. at 148 Cordova Stroet Wost.    Phone,
[ 3610.    Business Agent, Hi D. Collard.
oek Bnildora, Local No, 2404—Meets at
, Hastings Street West evory Friday, at 8
», Jas. Thompson, flnanclal secretary,
ordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.    Phone
8703.    Meetings every Monday at 7:30
G. Campbell, business airent
I.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 8rd
llay of each month at headquarters. 818
Idova Stroet West.' President, D. Gllles-
I vice-presidont, John Johnson; secretary-
■surer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
■a Street West. Branch agent's address:
■rgc Faulkner,  576 Johnson   Stroot, Vic-
■loyees, Pionoer Division, No. 101—Moots
Hi'. Hall, Eighth and. KlngBway,   1st and
T Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.   Pro-
int,   F.   A.   Hoover,   2409   Clarko  Drive;
fcrding secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
|, East.;   treasurer, A  F. Andrew;   flnan-
J secretary and businoss agent, W, H. Cot-
ll, ,166—17th Ave. W.   Offlce, corner Prior
T Main Streets.    Phone Fairmont 4504Y
Imorica,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   hold
; Mondajt In ench tnonth, 8 p.m.    Presl-
A.   R.   Gatouby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P.
ox 503; flnanclal Becrotary, P. McNelsh.
. Box 50B
ID, BOX ww.  
TION—Meots at 1)91 KcKon street, at 11
on the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Sun-
, of the month. Presidont, B. A. Jamio-
991 Nolson St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wll-
s, 991 Nelson St : BusinesB Agent, F.
cher, 991 Nelson St
10GRAPHIOAL UNION, No. 220—Proal-
nt. R. P. Pottljifoco. vice-president J.
iryan; socrotary-treaBuror, R. H. Nee-
{, P. 0. Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall, 319
or Streot West.
■HON, No. 413—President, S. D. Mac-
id, secret ary-treasurer, J. M. Campboll,
, Box 689. Meets lsst Thursday of each
nder Street West. Business meetings
1st and Srd Wedneiday evory month.
'In the Flftvor Sealing Tin"
Comments on
Past and Present
[By Cynicus]
""DUSINESS in America ought to
have a chance to breathe," says
Senator Reed Smoot of Utah. What'a
wrong with the breathing of big business? During tho laat 10 years the
banks, the great industrial combines,
the public utility corporations, including the railroads, and the oil and
coal trusts have made the largest profits in their hisjtory. No question
about that.
*       *       *
Government authority and big
business never shows its weakness
and demoralized condition ao much
as whon lt resorts to subterfuge and
Has Come to Stay and ts Recognized by Most Adjacent
brute force to carry its ends,
history repeats.
Orders Issued by a Policeman
You have to trust your magistrates
Who, good and loving serve their state,
Most wisely, and with gracious sway,
You must be silent and obey.
Tho greatest assistance that tlie
renders of The Federation 1st can render us nt this time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so you
spread tlie news of the working claus
movement and assist us.
Friendship,    "the   wine   of   life,
should, like a well-stocked cellar, be
thus continually renewed.
CANADA ond U. S. A..
| Union Musicians Etnftoytd Exclusively j
CulHHon Hull, Dominion Hnll, Holly-
burn Dunce Pavilion, Laurel Court,
Lester Court, Lodge Cafe, Moose Hull,
O'Brien's Hall, Orpheum Cafe, Willow
and a Tip Top Bill of
Matinees Ttiurs. Friday and Saturday
Concert Orchestra
Picture Attractions
HARRY DELP    0.30
Popular Ertrndwny Favorlto
"50 Miles from
Hawthorne aud Cooko
Enclmntrass of Dance
M. Oarpendato, corresponding secrotary; 0.
Tether, financial Becrotary; J. Halliday,
bn*nch organlBor.
. 0,-csar said: "The Ides of March
have come." When they had passed
he was lifeless at the foot of Pompey's
Bloated wealth can never comprehend the suffering of the poor. Mary
Antoinette, when told that the flBh-
erwomen were revolting because they
had no bread, replied ln her confused ignorance with the Insult, "Why
don't Ihey eat cake?"
• *       •
When Paris was in a wild tumult
the King played locksmith to avoid
the danger, and wrote In his diary,
"Nothing In particular happened today." Tet the people had moved the
foundation  of his monarchy.
• •        *
Charles I., with contempt for the
people, said: "France needs mowing,"
and asked, "What can these roundheads do?" and he told them to go
and eat grass. In one week from
that time thoy were carrying his
decapitated head on a pole.
• •        •
Rousseau wrote a book pleading for
honesty and purity in the French
government, which was treated with
contempt by the aristocratic class.
Carlisle says the second edition of
that book "was bound in the skins
of   the   sneering   aristooVaey."
• *        *
From the Voice of Labor. The
gold standard, the swindling bond
system, tho demonetizing of silver,
the funding and refunding of national
debts, tho changing of inflated paper
debts to a gold standard, is not the
work of statesmen; it is the work of
cunning, crafty tricksters, who betray
their exalted trust, and barter away
the most sacred principles of a conlld-
ing people.
• % •     ■*■ •
Some one has said "I. W. W.'s are
not born;  they nro made."
Affirms the Existence of Body of
Laws for Protection of
[Dr. B. M. Tipple, Rome]
TAELEGATES numbering a thousand
or more elected recently by
the local Soviets ln the various statea
of Russia, assombled at Moscow
voted to call the new republic of
Russia "The Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics,"* This Russian
state is now recognized officially by
the majority of the countries adjacent
to Russia, " With other nations, including the Scandinavian peoples,
England, France and Italy, it Is in
semi-official relationship through
commercial or other special envoys
and commissions. It was said that
the Fascisti government of Italy had
not recognized the Russian soviet
socialist union. Yet for some consid'
erable time representatives of the
Russian republic had been established
in Rome, naturally with the full
knowledge and consent of the Italian
An Ordinary Consular Offlco
On the surface, there was no difference between this soviet organization and the ordinary consular office,
unless, perhaps, the service was more
prompt and orderly. The card of
the head man of this office reads:
Nicolas Jordansky, representative
plenipotentiary of the union of the
soviet socialist republics." Mr. Jordansky was at one time editor of a
monthly magazine called the Sovre-
meny Mir, He is a student of political and economic questions, a frequent contributor to journals and periodicals in the European eaBt. He
impresses one as a man deeply interested in human welfare, intensely
in earnest regarding the security and
progress of his own republic Russia.
In all conversation, he was most
emphatic when he was speaking of
thc permannency of the present regime. He wanted it made very clear,
that the present government of Russia had come to stay, that every day
it is growing stronger, and this prin
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.     Why not do it yourself?
Big Attractions at tlio Orpheum
Harry Coleman and a capable com'
pany of players is featured in "The
Son Dodger," headline act in the new
Orpheum bill thla week.. In this act,
20 "radium" gowns Imported from
Paris are used. Garry Owen & Co.
present "Compliments of the Season,"
a typical New York melodrama, with
a, Christmas eve setting."On a Little
Sido Street" Is a character playlet
interpersed with bright song and
dance, offered by Jim McLaughlin
and Blanche Evans. William Sully
and Genevieve Houghton present a
merry musical trifle called "Calf
Love." The return of Elsie Rueg-
ger, ono of the world's great 'cellists,
will be welcomed. Sho Is assisted by
Edmund Ltchtenstein on the present
tour. Desso Retter, "the man who
wrestles with himself," convulses his
audiences with his eccentric tomfool'
ery and clever acrobatics. Carlton
Emmy, wilh a whole flock of mad
wags, to wit, Scotch terriers, presents
a delightful animal act which will
please kids of all ages from 6 to 60
years. The usual picturo attractions
and selections by the concert orchestra are added features of this ex'
ceptionally  good   vaudeville   bill.
Municipal Voters' List
of Revision of the Municipal Voters' List
will sit on the lUth day of December-next,
at 10 o'clock in the forenoon for the purpose
of correcting "nd revising tlie Miiil Voters'
The list closed on the .Huh dny of November,  102:i. and copies of same will be posted
On the door of the Council Chambers, Municipal Hnll, on thd fith day of December, 192:..
Municipal Clerk.
Voters' Lists 1924
NOTIOK   IS   HEREBY   GIVI.N    Ihnl   tho
Cniirt of Hcvlsiou to revise  tho Voters'
List for the yonr  1024,  will  oommenoo ils
lilting nt lho Munloipnl Hnll. Kugidalo. I).
-., on  Moulin'-, December 10. ____, lit 8 p.m.
C.  M, 0.
Municipal    HaU,    6851    Weet    Iloiiliiviin],
Vanoouver, 11. 0„ Nnvoii'Uor S.9, 19.11,
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
^ McClary's, Favvcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Trades and Labor
(Continued from Page 1)
much aa it would like to on account
of several biff strikes on the Atlantic
and on the gulf district of New Orleans. The local I. L. A. had always
kept its agreements as inviolate as
any other labor body in this city.
The riggers and stevedores were
quite prepared to again go ta sea before they would give up their rights
and liberty as union men. He con
sidered the fight on the waterfront
was one vital to the whole labor movement.
Dolegates Bengough and Cottrell
also spoke on their activities as mediators between the Shipping Federation and the I. L. A. The new company union of waterfront workers
would not be rocognized by the T.
and L. Couneil.
Moss Mcotlny
It was resolved to call a mass meet'
ing for next Sunday in tho Empress
Theatre at 2:30 p.m., to discuss the
waterfront trouble, to which tho pub
He are invited to attend.
On motion the delegates wero in
structed to bring before their respec
tive unions the proposal of a general
sympathetic strike in support of the
t L. A,
Reports of  Unions
Painters—Still have holidays.
Street Railwaymens Union—Delegate Cottrell said that tliey hod voted
another $1000 to help the longshoremen now on strike. Also they would
take up a subscription.
Bakery Salemen—At next meeting,
December 13th, I. L, A. support would
bo taken up.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—Tlieir
members refused to line the grain
bonis, on which thc scabs worked,
They also voted ?200 lo help the striko
The Amalgamated Soolety of Carponters will be approached by a delegation regarding membors working on
grain boats.
A motion was carried to the offect
that no delegate shall represent lnbor
unless  duly  authorized.
To Please Our Customers
Is Our Desire
Mcn'H Tan Calf likelier Work Boots,
half hollows (ongue, siato]iod -soli.I
leather, (i to \n.   Rog. t_lM< Hp-Tinl
nt Sl-OO
Mon's C-oyolM Inco Rubber Houl; new
stoclt, fi to 10, fit ?J.!i5
Mon's Knoo Gum Hoots, fi to 10 $"i.i*
Mon's all-wool Knitted VubU, wlthoui
gloi-VO, in maroon, fawn and brown,
at     »2.76
Boyn* Tweod Pauls: special ?i.2-"j
Conic in and see our Tia values before you  buy.
Wo slock Arrow Shirts and Collars.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
Phono Pnlnnoiil ■!H'>!i
clpally because It represents the will
of the overwhelming majority of
Russians. This contention of Mr.
Jordansky seems to be borne out by
reports from other reliable sources.
It is a great experiment the Russians
are making, one full of immediate
and far-roaching consequences to all
Europe. They 'are not only anxious,
but they are determined to make
their experiment a success.
Laws Protect Individuals
Mr. Jordansky's attention was
called to the refusal of Secretary
Hughes of the United States to recognize the Russian government on the
ground that there ls no guaranty for
the security of private property. H1b
reply was that for some time following the revolution it was necessary
to take certain measures to safeguard the life of the republic, but
that now there ls a clearly defined
body of laws. Under these laws
courts are functioning, and private
interests are protected by judicial
proceedure, A foreigner of a foreign corporation may lease a property for 49 years even with a proviso
for the renewal of the lease. Italians and others are already established and carrying on business operations in Russia on this basis.
There is plenty of opportunity for
capital and assured protection. Our
exports this year exceed our imports,
and that we have put into circulation new g6*ld backed notes. The issue Is not as large as we could wish,
but it is a start and a good start.
Notable reductions of bur army are
enabling us to spend more money on
education and the industries of
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Free Chiropractic Clinic
YOUR health Bhould not be neglected   even' though  you   cannot  afford to pay.
Offers    you    conscientious,    thorough
health service freo.
Clinic daily, 9 to 10 a.m., as well
ns Monday and Thursday evening,
from fi to 7:80.
207 Hastings Street West
TeL Seymour 4371
Remarkable Sale
of Men's Boots
Real all leather Boots made in Vancouver by
J. Leckie & Co. Top grade black calfskin Winter Boots, divided into two lots, to make rapid
First Lot
175 pairs stout Wet Weather Calfskin Boots,
with calfskin lining, bellows tongue, full double
soles; 20-gauge viscolized waterproof Goodyear
welt sewn; the best Leckie makes; all sizes;
Haig and London toes; reg. $10.50. a/j iyg
Sale price, pair. «pO. I O
Second Lot
225 pairs medium weight Walking Boots, in
black calfskin; 16-gauge oak soles; Derby and
Balmoral models; Prince, Haig and London toes.
All sizes'; regular $9.50. <tC 7IX
Sale price, pair «pO» ■ O
Hudson's Bay Company
Solicits Your Vote
and Influence
Always a Friend of Labor
Look For This Label
It Is a Guarantee of Purity
Order Britannia from any Government Vendor PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year,  no. to BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c
Dr. W J. Downie
Nominee of Federated Labor
Party for
School Trustee
An honest day's pay for An
honest day's work, makes for
better citizenship.
Dr. G. H. Wortlring.o__
Wbo ls candidate for Alderman
In hla homo district in Kitsllano.
u successful expert ln merclian-
filling, being head of Vancouver
Drug Co., Ltd., Dr. Worthlngton
would Introduce business methods In the Council,
Col. T. H. Tracy
Alderman for Wnrd   1
'12 years'  residence in Wnrd  1.
14 yenrs City Engineer.
2 yean en the Piirkx Board
;t  yenrs on  tho City Council.
Voto for a Man with ^..perience
Will menn wise and judicious expenditure of your
Electors of
Ward 8
Fred Rogers
37 Years in Vancouver
9 Years an Alderman
Phone, Fairmont 1698-L
2901 I'urkcr St. (Cor. -Renfrew)
Phone Highland 446
-      CRUS.
(Haatings Townsite)
A practical man who has your
Interests at heart. Resident and
taxpayer in Vancouver for 35
*»*SW7*HAT you want tn put into tho
W nation, you must first put
into the schools. Good citizenship
iloi's not mean leaving a legacy of dollars and cents to your children. It ia
of vital importance that they should
recoivo a practical and sound educa*
tion suited to meet the present day
This basic structure forms the
dominant note of the platform
held by
James Blackwood
■ who Books re-olnctioii for a third .
term as
School Trustee
A live member of the School Board
—ALERT to overy action of the
School Board—has never missed a
meeting of any kind since first elocted
four years ago.
Chairman of Building and Finance,
1921; chairman of Board of Management (most important stewardship),
1923; Treasurer and au active momber of the Child Welfare Association
for 12 years.
.• }*0m**i0*m0*mi0tmv*v¥#v*m*0***m
j: Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much leas cost to the
At all Government Vendors
Thii advertisement ia not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
No Monkey Tricks from Mammon
—Queensland Premier on
Finance Problems
[Labor Press Service]
E. G. Theodore, labor premier of
Queensland, In announcing his Intention to visit London at the end of the
present year for the purpose of renewing loans falling due ln 1924, and
raising a new loan for reproductive
works, Baid in an interview that
probably labor's enemies would try
to prevent him, as they tried to do
In 1921. "I was told by the London
financiers in 1921," said Mr. Theodore, "that I'd get all the cash I required if I would only make changes
in the labor programme. I told them
I wouldn't alter one word of labor
legislation and that the labor government would rather go down than
dishonor its pledges to the workers
of Queensland. Ultimately I went
to the New York market and got
the money on very satisfactory
terms, and I shall not hesitate to do
so again lf any attempt is made by
tho London financiers to Interfere
with labor jn Queensland."
Tou may wish to help The Feder-
ntloiilst. Yon can do so hy renewing
your subscription promptly and send*
Ing In tbe subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Geo. C. Thom
Labor's Choice
Alderman Ward V
Ward Seven Election
Andrew Bfygh,
As Your Alderman for 1924
Ovor we yuni'ii in   Vnncouvor,     Out-
Kpokcn, fearless und „ (igiiier fur pub<
lid rinhin.   You need 11 mnn like ihis
to flftlit yonr linttles in tho Council.
Workers,    P h o n <■    Campaign
lleiidiitiartui'K, Soymour 2275 or
Highland 3880-lj.
M. .J. OKI-HAN, F. C. A,
Who has always been
a friend to Labor
Vote for M. J. Crehan
Sound Education
Economic AriminiHlratimi
Building Trades of New York
Ask Increase of $1 for Its
100,000 Members
FRIDAY December 7, 1
Most  of   Employers   Will   Try
to Avoid Trouble by Some
Form of Arbitration
A RECENT New York despatoh
says that the Building Trades
Council of that city will demand an
increase of $1 a day and a basic daily
wage of til for its 100,000 members
in the forthcoming two-year contract
negotiations with the Building Trades
Employers' Association at the expir*
ation of the present agreement, January 1, 1924. The present wage scale
$9 a day with a bonus of 11. Formal
notice was served on the employers'
association after this wage demand
had been ratified by a convention of
delegates of all the building trade
crafts, according to Roswell D.
Thompkins, secretary-treasurer of
the workers' organization, who said
that the til a day for Journeymen
mechanics and $9 a day for helpers
would be submitted at once as a basis
for negotiations with the various em*
ployer groups.
It ls thought that while the em*
ployers will resist the proposed In*
crease, most of them will try to avoid
trouble by some form of arbitration.
Carpenters, the largest Blngle craft
ln the building trades, with a mem*
bershlp of 36,000 under the district
council, and painters, numbering 12,-
000, have already begun negotiations
with their employers based upon the
new demands. The stone derrick men
who have been striking for a % 10 day
for several weeks, are said to have
reported at work, with the understanding of at least a 50 cents a day
Increase until the first of the year,
which brings their wage up to S9.60 a
Be sure to notify the post offlce i
soon as you change your address.
For Alderman for Ward HI
Tliirty-ave Years in Vancouver
Alderman for Threo Yeara
Telephone Seymour 7181L
Your vote and influence respectfully solicited
Committee Rooms—219 Cordova Street East and Corner
Salslmry Drivo and Powell St.
Your Vote and Influence
Frank E.
Who lias served you
lailhfully and well as
Alderman for Ward 7
ror many years,
LAUOR may expect from George W.
Morrow, Alderman I e enndidntw for
Wnrd VI., conxiderRtinn nnd partlalily
nnd justice- during 1934.
Geo.W. Morrtw
British Foundry Workers Listed
"Abroad" Are Swelling
in Numbers
[Labor Press Service]
London, Nov. 17.—The official organ of the of the National Union of
Foundry Workers contains some
pointed remarks from General Secretary James Pulton, on the continuous emigration of the union
members. Members listed as "abroad"
are swelling in numbers, and Mr.
Pulton points out that "those who
have left and are leaving our shores
for foreign parts are generally from
amongst our very best and most enterprising young members." The tide
of emigration appears to be flowing
mainly to the United States and
Becoming More One Whether She
Will Be Left Intact to Pay
Allies Anything
Effect on Reparations of Break-up
of Germany as Confederation of States
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, NOV. 17.—While the allied governments discuss with each
other whether a committee is to be
set up to Inquire into Germany's
capacity to make reparations, Ger'
many Itself is standing on the preel
pice of complete dissolution which
would inevitably render the prob'
lem one of purely abstract interest.
It Is no use this or any other country shutting its eyes to the vast
dangers inherent In the present situation. The problem Is becoming less
one of how much Germany can pay
and more one of whether there will
be any Germany left to pay anything.
The effect on reparations of the
break-up and disappearance of Germany as a confederation of states is
by no means the chief concern of
the allies. The supreme concern of
the rest of the world must be the far-
reaching political, economic and social effects that would Issue from
either the forcible establishment of
a reactionary dictatorship over a federal Germany or the dissolution of its
political ties and economic forms,
and the Balkanlsing of central Burope,
This must be crystal-clear to any
statesman with even ordinary qualities of statesmanship. But unhappily
for Europe, while it may be clear to
some of the governments, it does not
seem to be clear to all of them, and
their failure to come to common
agreement is responsible for their
lack of unity of action and the pursuit by France of a policy which is
as disastrous ln its consequences as
it is rigid and Inflexible In Its operation, *
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
Live   Committee      Good   Floor
Fred Parson's 5-plece Orchestra
Gents, 50c      Ladles, 25c
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing   Neatly   Done
Phone Seymour 930
Best $2.50
OlftBScs not prescribed unleu ab*
soliitely necessary. Examinations
made hy graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction itiwranteed.
We grind onr own lenses. Louies
duplicated by mail.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical.House)
Be   euro   of   tho   address—Above
Wool worth's  Store, near
Suite SO, Davis Chambers,
 Phone Sey. 1071
$very Overcoat in the store has been marked down,
and the values now offering are extraordinary.
Your choice of any Overcoat in the store, $34.95.
Prices Now $15.00 TO $34.95
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Candidate ot Ihe Federated
Labor Party.
Nominated by Labor Representation committee,
Endorsed by the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Conncil.
Second vice-president Trades
nnd Labor Congress ot Canada.
President Vancouver Typographical Union.
two years' experience ln the
City Council; has been associated with the local Labor movement for twenty-six yearB.
Poll Your Vote December 12th
Phones:   Sey. 5811  nnd 5810
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plums,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florins' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 2—STORES—2.        055 OranviUe Street
Sey. 088-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1301
Canadian National Railways
j trains;
FIRST TRAIN from Winnipeg, Deo. 6, 1923, direct to ship's side,
Halifax, for sailing of S.S. "Ausonla" Dec. 9 to Queenstown, Liverpool;
S.S. "Doric" December 9 to Belfast, Liverpool.
SECOND TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. 11, 1923, direct to ship's side,
Halifax, for sailing of S.S. "Pittsburg" Dec. 14 to Southampton, Cher- I
bourg, Bremen;  S.S. "Canada" Dec. 15 to Glasgow, Liverpool, J
9.50 P. M.    CONTINENTAL LIMITED    9.50 P. M.
Full details from


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