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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jan 18, 1924

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Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
sc a copy
'Sends Cablegram ot Oongrai
tions to Ramsay Macdonald,'
British Labor Leader
i __aoor Leaaer      /j
I President Neelands and Seoretary
Bengough Re-elected—Other
Officials Eleoted
I-THE regular bi-monthly meeting of
I •*■ the Trades and Labor council was
I held on Tuesday evening, ln room
213, Holden block. President R. H,
I Neelands In the chair.
P. R. Bengough, secretary, stated a
| cablegram wishing the British party
I complete success, had been sent Load-*
| er Ramsay Macdonald.   Concurred ln,
A resolution opposing the introduction of politics Into the local police
department, and favoring promotions
from the ranks, was also concurred
Delegate Graham, chairman of the
[ audit committee, reported the books
; and accounts of the treasurer as being correct.    Report adopted.
C.    McDonald,    chairman   of   the
; Union Label committee, reported that
the whist drive and dance would be
held Friday night in Cotillion hall.   A
165 suit of clothes will be given to the
. lucky ticket holder.
Chairman of the Labor Representa-
' tion committee reported one of the
' candidates ln South Vancouver muni**
| clpal elections had withdrawn from
the contest, owing to a disqualiflca*
f tlon.   However, the chances for the
i election of the remaining contestants
i looked promising.   Election day, Saturday.
Following are results of the elec-
| tions for officers for ensuing term:
For President
H. A. Neelands, 40; W. Dunn, 21.
R. H. Neelands elected.
For Vice-president
Firat ballot: W. H. Cottrell, 22: C.
| E. Herrott, IB; W. Dunn, 27.
Second ballot: W. H. Cottrell, 26;
I W. Dunn, 89.
W, Dunn elected.
For General Secretary
P. R. Bengough, 40; F. E. Griffin,
P. R. Bengough elected.
* For Secretary-treasurer
.    First ballot: B. Showier, 30; F. I,
I Hunt, 16;   A. Maclnnis, 10; Vf. Page,
Second ballot: Showier, 31; F. L.
| Hunt, 23; Maclnnis, ,10.
Third ballot: B, Showier, 33; F, L.
| Hunt, 32.
Fourth ballot: B. Showier, 32; F. L.
t Hunt, 32—16*1 ballots cast.
Fifth ballot: B. Showier, 31; F. L.
IHunt, 32—63 ballots cast, one ballot spoiled.
F. h. Hunt elected.
For Sergoant-at-Arms
Mrs. Dolk, 34; J. R. Flynn, 2«: W.
[ Deptford, S.
Mrs. Dolk elected.
For Trustees (Four)
For trustees  (four elected)—First
I ballot: C. McDonald, 38 (elected); A.
Graham, 23; W. Page, 26; H. Watt, 6;
. H. Morrison, 24; B. Showier, 30; J.
lit. Flynn, 36 (elected); J. Brooks, 28;
|j. Hale, 17—61 ballots cast.
Second ballot—A. Graham, 21; W.
[Page,   27;   E.   H.   Morrison,   21;   B.
Showier, 29; J. Brooks, 20—61 ballots,
one spoiled.   No olection.
Third ballot—W. Page,  33   (eleot-
Ied); E. H. Morrison, 21; B. Showier,
32 (ejected); 3. Brooks, 24—61 ballots
Trustees elected—C. McDonald,
. Flynn, W. Page, B. Showier.
First Ballot:   John T.  Brooks,
|james Hay, 14; 3, Thompson, 15.
Second Ballot: James Hay, 26;
Brooks, 33.    Brooks elected.
Workmen's Compensation Act Quoted
as Defonce In Caeca Arising
Out of Melville Flre
The Comox Logging & Railway company, upon the application of Mr.
"rhent Davis, was authorized by Mr.
■ \stlce Morrison to plead the Work-
in's Compensation Act to claims advanced by Philip S, Fenwfck and Andrew Barr, and arising out of the
Mervllle flre in the summer of 1922.
It is alleged the plaintiffs are workmen within tho meaning of the act.
Over fifty actions, arising out of flre
claims, have been consolidated against
the company for trial, whtch, it is
anticipated, will be in February. The
case will be watched with considerable interest by labor generally.
Oharge of Vanoouver Dead
Letter Office for Fast
Twenty Tears
(_ George Alfred Dubb .Muillene, super
intendent of the Vancouver dead letter
offlce for the past twenty years, passed
away on -Sunday night at his home,
after an illness extending over several
months. Mr. Maillene, who was In
his 62nd year, was a native of Quebec,
■ He entered the postal service In 1881,
land in 1898 was transferred from Ottawa to Victoria, taking charge of the
flrst dead letter offlce in the* Capital
City. In 1903, when the dead letter
offlce waa opened in Vancouver, he
was again transferred, and has bcen
in charge here ever since, His death
will be a distinct loss to the Dominion
IpoBtal department. A widow, two
sons and one daughter are left to
mourn the loss of a loved husband
and father. The funeral service, prior
to Internment in Ocoan View park,
will be hold at Center & Hnnna's
chapel, tomorrow afternoon.
Washington.^The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom announces that It will preaent to
Congress In January a resolution urging a meeting of debtor and creditor
nations, at which reparations, war
loans and economio conditions would
be discussed.
Put Up Big Fight in South Vancouver—Keen Interest
Taken in Meetings
With Labor Turning Out in Force
to Vote Candidates Will
Top the Poll
TV7HAT is proving to be one of the
biggest fights ever conducted under labor auspices, is nearing a close
ln South Vancouver.
The meetings, which started Jan. 7.
and end on the eve of the election,
have been conducted in every corner
of the municipality, and, judging by
the enthusiasm shown and the interest taken in the addresses by the various candidates, labor will be at the
head of the poll on January 19.
The candidates are: Por council—
Qeorge H. Hardy, O. J. Mengel, J, C.
For School Board—School Trustee
R. E. Rigby and A. Hurry.
For Police Commission—Alexander
J. 0. Smith was forced to fall out,
owing to the fact that his property
had not been registered for the prescribed length of time.
Councillor Hardy, among other
things, has been laying stress upon a
piece of legislation that was put
through at Victoria, at the behest of a
bare majority of the council, tying up
all proceeds from the sale of municipal tax lands, so that the bondholders
should be still more adequately protected. He goes on to show that the
ratepayers ln general will suffer ln
that long overdue Improvements will
necessarily become still more overdue.
O. J, Mengel, who was chairman of
finance ln a previous council, goes into
the financial situation, and showa that
there is room for Improvement here.
J. C Wood, having takfh a keen interest in the unemployed situation for
a number of years, deals with this
problem, and shows it in a different
light than what is learned from the
press and others.
All three candldatea deal with labor's platform, and also come out
strongly in favor of annexation with
the city of Vancouver.     *      " •
School Trustee Rigby deals with
matters that have come up in his last
year's work on that body, and along
with A. Hurry, our other nominee,
goes into labor's platform and lays
particular emphasis on the first plank,
the elimination of military training in
schools. They will make a fine team
on the school board,
Alex. MacDonald, labor candidate
for police commission, although coming too late in the field to be on the
official card, Ib nevertheless iputtlng up
a big flght. He has been president of
tho Horticultural society for a number of years, and is out for a clean
municipality with favors to none. He
is a big man every way.
It only remains for labor itself, as
represented in the voters' list of the
municipality, to come out on election
day, Saturday, Jan, 19, and ensure the
success of their candidates.
If meetings and "talk" mean anything, there is no gainsaying what the
result will be, but it is up to every one
who has a vote to turn out, Rain or
shine, snow or frost, show up at the
polling booth and vote the only
way that can beneflt yourself—vote
labor. Don't "let George do It," Do
It yourself.
Employees    of    Canadian    -National
Railways will Hold Annual Ball
ln Spacious Rotunda of Depot
Just as the laBt train steams out of
the station of the Canadian National
Railways' on Friday evening, the
spacious rotunda of the depot will
undergo transformation and will preaent a scene rather unusual for any
railway terminus, Guests invited to
the annual ball given by the C.N.R.
social and athletic club will take possession of the waiting room and will
prepare for the evening's enjoyment.
The dancing hours will be from 10
o'clock to 2 a.m. for this the fourUr]
annual ball. Tho executive committee in charge of the affair are
Lome McCuteheop, P. W. Baldwin,
C. W. Cranston, T. C. Chalmers, A.
R. McKensle, and these will be as-
slated by Miss F. L, Edmonds, Miss
Agnes Fitzpatrick, Miss Margaret
Douglas, *Miss Agnes Steel, Miss
Agnes Steel, Miss Helen Bowey, Miss
Patricia Furyarchok, H. J. Watts,
C. Strugnell, C. Manrell, 8. Arnold,
N. Lowes and Mr. S. Seaman.
Revolution Fathered by Elements
Blocking Human Progress
—Veritable Fascisti
Mill Corporationi in Ehode bland
H»ve 9000 Homei for
Thilr Employee.
Minimum Wage Urged as Antidote for Exodus of Canadian! to U.S.
The adoption of a minimum wage
Passes After a Very Lengthy Illness—Funeral to Ocean
View Cemetery
The sympathy of a wide circle of
friends Is extended to Wm. A. Jeffery,
of the Vancouver ' Typographical
union, ln the loss of his wife, who
passed away on Tuesday morning,'
after a long and painful illness, Mrs,
Jeffery, who was born in Manchester,
England, was a graduate nurse of
Ladywell hospital of that cltv she
fame   to   Vancouver   -,.*)r-*-i   thirteen
yenr:* age and, previous to becoming Ithe "Back to Canada" movement for
the wife of Mr. Jeffery, followed her some considerable time. It was stated
profession here. Besides her husband, that between BOO and 800 Japanese
she leaves three young children to are employed in the pulp mills up thc
mourn her loss. Rev. Dr. Samuel Fea coast; this work, It was stressed, would
conducted the funeral services at the be undertaken by white men if a min-
Mount Pleasant undertaking parlors |mum wage woro established. Seven-
yesterday afternoon. A large con- teen new members were admitted, and
course of mourners followed the re- tho nieeting Anally adjourned with
mains to Ocean View cemetery, and the understanding that the minimum
the wealth of floral tributes ln evi- wage proposal would be followed up
dence testified to the esteem in which at next session of the assembly,
deceased was held in the community
Optimism Keynote of Addresses
Heard at Annual Banquet
of 0. E. A.
Mayor and Mrs. Walter Owen, wtth
for labor In British Columba was the aldermen and their wives, were
urged at a meeting of the Native Bons
of Canada, assembly No. 2, held In
Vancouver a few days ago. This procedure, it was suggested, would constitute a remedy for the migration of
Canadian-born to the United States.
E, G. Matheson, president, occupied
the chair, and the members debated
I Double Gang*. Spew! Vp Production
a Taking advantage o* the low water,
moth day and night gangs have been
pressed into action in the construction of the West Kootenay Powor and
fLight company's extension at Bonnington Falls. More than 200 men
are employed on the Job, which will
mean an expenditure of $200,000,
Victoria Firemen ln Smash
Mistaken traffic signals led to a serious accidont ou Douglas streot at Discovery- street, Victoria, during noon
hour Monday, when the-Burnside flre
truck rammed a private car, careened
across the road Into a lamp standard,
and then overturned.
Fireman Eustace Taylor, 1742 Fort
street, holding to the rear step of the
lire engine, narrowly escaped with his
life when he was thrown and jammed
against the post. He sustained a
fractured thigh bone in the left leg,
and was removed to the St. Joseph's
hospital. Lieut. J. O. Crawford, who
Was driving the truck, received
scratches, while the third man on the
rig, Charles Reld, escaped unhurt-
Miner Killed at Rossland
Griffe Foulkes, who waB severely in*
Jured at the Le Rol mine, died later
at the Sisters' hospital, RosBland. An
Inquest was held by the coroner, Dr.
J. W. Coffin, when the jury brought in
the following verdict: "Deceased met
his death in the tenth floor of th*
1688-foot stope of the Le Rol mine by
falling through a rotten plank while
carrying another plank. The jury is
of the opinion that tho risk was incidental to his work and that no blame
can be attached to anyone."
Labor has no members of the house
of lords. What about Lord Gosling
of Wapping, Viscount Jones of Tidal
Basin, or Lord Tillet of Salford? asks
George Lansbury, M. P.
Will Be Addressed by 8am Guthrie, M. L. A. and Harry
Neelands, M. L. A,
The Federated Labor tparty will
hold a mass meeting in municipal
hall, South Vancouver, on Friday,
January 2f., The speakers will bo
Sam Guthrie, M. L. A., and Harry
Neelands, M. L. A. They will givo a
resume—as from labor's point of view
—of the proceedings of the last session of thc provincial legislature.
On Saturday evening, January 2C,
they will also speak in room 5, 31ft
Pendor street.
Commencing on February 3, the F.
"L. P. will hold regular Sunday meet*
Ings at 319 Ponder street. Dr. Telford will address the party the first
Sunday In February.
Threatened with Another Strike
Over Proposed 20 Per Oent.
Out in Wages
Result Depends on Reply of President Lewis—International
Support Promised
OYDNEY, N. S„ Jan. 17.—Whether
the present acute industrial crisis in
Cape Breton, arising out of the failure
of the British Empiro Steel corpora
tion and its miners to reach an agreement on wages and the consequent 20
per cent, cut Ity the company, will re
suit In another prolonged strike here,
depends largely upon the nature of
the reply which John L. Lewis will
make to the advices which have beon
forwarded to him by the provisional
officers of district 26, United*Mine
Workers of America. About 0000 of
the 12,000 miners in the district are in
the Cape Breton fields. International
support has been promised, and if it
becomes necessary to strike, the miners will be backed for the flght.
The majority of tho mainland miners, although not affected by the wage
cut, eithor wont on strike or have declared thcir intention to do so. In
Cape Breton the mines are Idle, as
there has been only part-time work In
the mines for some time;
guests of the Civic Employees association at the sixth annual banquet of
the latter, held on Friday evening.
Among other guests were several pioneers of the city, Including Georgo
Baldwin, John Johnstone and F. T.
Schooley, The banquet hall In the
Manufacturers' building waB beautifully decorated, and there was a large
and enthusiastic gathering of civic
The scene in the banquet hall was
brightened considerably by tho unique
lighting effects introduced, and tho
whole tended" to create a happy atmosphere.
Acknowledgment of the magnificent
dovelopment which the future holds
for the city of Vancouver, coupled
with an expression of belief that the
city's share in assuming such can be
materially furthered by co-operation
between the council nnd the employees, was the keynote sounded In
many of the addresses heard.
In addition to the addresses, which
were brief and to the point, warm in
sentiment and Intensely Interesting,
there was a delightful musical programme.
'"The City of Vancouver" was proposod by F. M. Bentley, Mayor Owen,
In responding to the tonst, spoke of
the port development now taking
place, largely as a rosult of the rupld
rise of the grain export business. The
.mayor waxed enthusiastic on his sub
ject, predicting the day when Vancou
ver would take rank as one of tho
world's greatest seaports, and urging
all prosent to do their utmost towards
taking advantage of the progressive
trendAiow so strongly in evidence.
What Is used collcftlvely, should he
owned collectively.
More Than 20,000 Attended the
Funeral of Noted Scottish
Labor Leader
(.Special to The FederationiBt]
Cilusgow, Jan. 17.—More thnn 20.-
000 attended the funeral here of John
McLean, noted labor leader and frlond
of the poor. Contingents from all
parts of the city met at Eglhigton
ball and marched out to the McLean
resilience with the Clyde Workers'
band In the load. Funeral services
wore in charge of Mr. Anderson, and
a prominent labor worker, and Rev,
Richard, Leo, a Unitarian minister.
Many poor womon at the funeral
had many tales to tell of McLean's
good deeds for tho poor, and many
said they had lost thcir best friend,
Pneumonia was the causo of deoth,
Present Revolutionary Uprising in
Mexico Cannot Be Successful, Says Advocate
fpHE average person looks upon the
present trouble ln Mexico as one of
those civil wars that happen in that
country about as frequently as earthquakes. In the El Paso Labor Advocate, which is published on the Mexican border, therefore affording Editor
Moran to give an unbiased and accurate account of happenings of the last
few weeks, we learn something of the
true state of affairs. The Advocate
says that the revolution, according to
Information received from an undisputed and reliable source, Is fathered
by the elements that are always blocking human progress, and is a veritable Fascisti.
The plan of De la Huerta, Generals
Maycotte, Sanchez and Estrada is to
establish a military dictatorship for a
period of four years, abolishing all
executive and legislative action on the
part of president, state governors,
congress, senate and state legislatures,
and even extending this (programme
to municipalities. The agrarian law is
to be changed to suit the land-owning
class; labor organization* are to be
abolished; strikes to be made a death
In carrying out this programme Do
la Huerta has already shown his hand
In the execution of labor leaders In
Vera Cruz, Orizaba and Puebla. In
the city of Orizaba five presidents of
labor organizations were shot, and
only recently tho leaders of thc agrarian (farmers') organizations were
shot. After the execution of the officers of the labor organizations in
Puebla, 12,000 workers went on strike
and demanded arms In order to
avenge the death of their leaders.
These men are now being nrmed and
will be a big factor in futuro fights.
The electricians In Tamplco, who
have boen on strike for some time,
have postponed their strike temporarily in ordor to take up arms against
the revolutionists.
The report In tho United States to
the effect that the railroad unions in
Mexico are supporting tho revolution
is propaganda. A few leaders, Btich
as Vanegas, Fuz and -Leon, were in the
pay of De la Huertn. This small group
does not represent thc feeling among
tho railroad men of tho republic, especially In view of tho fnct that re
ceipts for 65,000 pesos which those
men rocelvod from Do la Huerta have
boen published In the dally newspapers of Mexico City and these traitors
shown up.
General Calles, thtf loading candidato for prosidont, has temporarily
suspended his campaign and has re
turned to the army, displaying hla loyalty to the federal govornmont. Calles
is now engaged ln the state of Nuevo
Lonn and Tumaullpas ln raising volunteers from among the labor and
farmer element to fight to maintain
the democratic form of government In
Mexico. Genoral Florez, thc other
loading candidate, ls also proving his
loyalty to the federal government and
Is keeping the west coast In a peaceful
The present reactionary uprising In
Mexico, In the opinion or the Advocate, can not be successful for a number of reasons, chiof of which is that
it is against the interests of tho farmers and wage earners of Mexico and
does not have the popular approval.
It Is the goneral opinion In Mexico
that Do la Huorta ls being financed
by tbo same group of reactionary
moneyed interests who wero financing
his political campaign ngainst Calles,
which faot |t»elf Is rosontod by tho
Mexican people because of outside Interference.
Tenements Ranging from Four to
Ten Rooms Rented at
MEW HOMES with the most modern
equipment are rented to mill employees at $6 a week, while other and
less pretentious dwellings are rented aa
low as 50 cents ,a week, according to
a Btatement Issued by the Rhode Ialand Textile association. It la asserted by the association that ln many Instances the rents have not been advanced in a period of more than SO
The policy of the managements generally Ib to charge only such rents as
will cover bare costs and no profits.
Competition botween the mills In attracting new employees by the housing facilities offered, is said to be a
factor. An instance ls at Taftvllle,
Conn., where the Ponema mills company collected as low as 30 cents a
week for roomy tenements with land
and electricity.
It Ib estimated that there are in
the State of Rhode Island more than
9000 tenement houses and cottages
owned by the mill corporations.
During the year many new homes
were constructed and these, being
equipped with the most modern improvements, bring the higher rentals.
However, tenements which ccst from
$1.50 to $3 a week are the most popular among the mill employees.
The B. B. & H. Knight Mills, which
has conducted an extensive program
of improvements in the homes of its
employees, has rents ranging from
50 cents to $5 a week. This company has tenements ranging from
three to eight rooms at $1 a week
and others from four to ten rooms
at $1.25 a week. These two types
of tenements are favored by the workers.
The company haa 1000 tenements In
the villages of Arctic, Centrevllle, Na-
tlck, Pontine, Royal, Valley Queen,
Wescott and Wihite Rock. Ordinarily
the employees seek homes with rents
$2 or under and the houses whtch
bring $2.25 to f & per week are usually
taken by second-hands -and overseers. The highest rent is paid for
new houses which have all modern
improvements, and slight advances
nre made in older tenements where
electric lighting systems hnve been
Installed. This latter work Is being
continued by the corporation.
As Is the case generally, employees
of Goddard Brothers also seek tenements with lower rents, and the majority of thc 2500 tenements of the
corporation are of the four to six-
room type, the rents of which are
from 75 cents to $2.76 per week.
Other homes bring M-2R, $4.50, and
$4.75 per woek, and the buildings
contain from eight to 15 rooms, with
electric lighting, baths, nnd modern
heating systems.
To Help Seamen's Institute
Miss Polly has been re-etected as
president of the Harbor Lights guild.
The annual meeting of this auxiliary
was held at the Seamen's Institute,
Vancouver, on Tuesday afternoon,
when Mrs. G. E. Little Wus appointed
secretary and Mrs. W, L. Keane treasurer. Rev, C. Hooper gave an interesting account of his work during the
past year, outlining, the assistance
given to many men In port. There
were no less than 18,673 men attending the Institute during the yeur. Concerts are given at the institute every
Saturday evening.
Labor's position today Is nut due to
bombs or revolution, but to the intelligent tise of thu ballot-box, says J. fl.
Thomas, M. P.
Weekly Dante of Social t'lnh
The Motormen and Conductors Social club held thcir Weekly dunce on
Wednesday evening at the Prior street
quarters. The Informal affair was In
every wuy most enjoyable.
Los Angeles Trades Oouncil Sends
Warning That Building
Boom Is Over
Los Angeles holds no promise to the
labor craftsman, according to »n ofll-
cial communication from the Los Angeles Building Trades council received
on Th u rsday (Ja n ua ry 10),, by tho
Vancouver Trades and Labor council.
In giving notice of nn overflooded
luhor murket, Mr. J. V. McGlnnls, secretary of the l-os Angeles body, said:
"Please notify all men in tho building
Industry to keep away. Tho town is
flooded with men out of employment
und building trades mechanics are Idle
lu ovory line Tho cost of living Ib
very high Apartments of two to five
rooms cust J!»0 to $200 a month. Pay
no uttoiitlon to attractive advertisements In newspapers and magazines,
as they are misleading. All members
ol' organized labor contemplating a
trip to, Los Angeles should get in
touch with Iheir secretary here und
flnd out conditions so ns not to be disappointed on arrival."
Fallacy or Low Wages
To maintain a good standard of living In a community Is to provide customers for Htoros and markets folfactories. Too low wages means a
populntion too poor to buy much and
too Ignorant to buy wisely.—Ontario
Minimum Wnge Board. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY January 18,  1924 !
|   Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia  Federatlonist
BuIaHl and Editorial Office, 1120 Howe SL
 Kdilor:   Qeorge Bartley	
Sabteriptioa Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per yoar; Caaada, $2.60 por
year, $1.50 lor alx monthi; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16o per member per
FRIDAY... January 18,  1924
THE PUBLISHERS of the British
Columbia.Fedorationist have re
ceived the following brief communication from the secretary of the Van
couver Trades and Labor council:
Dear Sir: At the last regular
meeting of the above council, held
on Tuesday, 18th Inst., I wus instructed by a unanimous vote of the delegates present to notify you that the
council ls withdrawing its endorsation from tho B. C. Federationist,
Yours  truly,
No reasons were given for this
action on tho part of the local labor
body; In fact, the' communication
did not oven state that endorsation
had been withdrawn. Neither was
the decision to withdraw endorsa
tion by any means unanimous: If we
are at all 'adept at feeling the pulse
of the meeting referred to, a num
ber of the more rational labor delegates were distinctly opposed to the
Idea of dropping The Federationist
like a hot coal.   '
It transpired later, however, that
the Idea was to tranafer the support
of the council to a publication sponsored by one particular section of
labor only, i.e., the longshoremen.
When responsibility for The Federationist was assumed by the present
publishers, it was mutually understood, and. in actual fact, proposed
by the editorial board appointed at
the time directly by the Trades and
Labor council, that the policy of the
paper must be changed' from that of
a radical propagandist, championing
the cause of soviet Russia, etc., to one
of straight progressive international
trades unionism. This course has
been followed out to the letter. Now,
however, the local leaders in control
—if not tho rank and flle of the membership—apparently do not want a
trades union publication, but one run
on tho lines of the One'Big Union Bulletin ot Winnipeg, the Toronto Worker, the Chioago Worker, Butte Bulletin, etc., which serve the militant
oommunlst movement so well, with
lots of "kick," something after the
style of the following energetic paragraph taken from an artlole with
a featured heading published In the
Toronto Worker (January 12th, 1924)
as follows:
Tripe Merchant' Uses Free Pross as
Bible and Denounces Workers
. . Sandwiched In here and there
between hunks of religious twaddle,
was vile gobs of patriotic garbage
and sickening doses of Jingo junk
about the "Empiro-" So suitable was
the propaganda of the robed humbug
that the Manitoba government broad
ousted from Its telephone station the
avalanche of rot, thereby Inflicting
upon those "listening in" the bray
of the obsequious ass.
This ls just exactly what The Federationist docs not attempt to do.
If the traded unionists collectively
speaking, of this province do not want
to support The Fedorationist because
of its non-communist policy, they will
not be urged against their wishes.
The only revenue the Federatlonist
(unlike Its communist contemporaries, which carry no commercial advertisements) haa received, or can
hope tu get, is trom advertisements
and subset .'(tions. The latter barely
pay for the newsprint and postage,
and the advertisements at prosent are
not sufficient to pay for the work
entailed in producing tbe paper. At
no time has any nowa or communications from union officials been re-
fusod spaco, but consistently the columns of Tho Foderationist have boen
free to its friends and supporters in
the cause of International trades
unionism. For fifteen years the Foderationist has been appealing to labor
for support, during which time the
paper has been struggling along and
nearly always in debt. Under the
now arrnngoment with the local coun
cil and with an editorial board from
that body, lt was th wight that tho
views of labor and Its activities would
havo a new lease of life. But the
board did not function as expected,
and, although tho Trades and Labor
council had an official organ with Its
columns open to anything it wished
to publish, without any expense what
over to the council, the onus of supplying news becamo the lot of one of
tho board, which ovidently gavo sat
lafactlon to tho rest of tho members,
for the editor was congratulated on
more thun one occasion and quite
recently by mombors of the oxeou
tivo for thc ablo manner in which
Thc Federatlonist was catering lo tho
movement. But why tho recent
change? Is this gratitude? Like
Napoleon, a large number of labor
loaders ar© "never at peace—only
whon they are at war," Thoy tbrlvo
In troublous times. Hero Is another
specimen artielo of fratornallsm,
takon from the Toronto Worker (Jan*
uary 19th. 1924):
weekly, developed from the Vancouver1 longshoremen's Strike Bulletin,
will take the placo 'of the moribund
B, C. Federatlonist, which after 15
yoars of service to the labor movoment of western Canadu, fell into
flnnncial difficulties . . . The Vancouver Trades and Labor council has
withdrawn its support and endorsation from the Federatlonist and given
It to tho new publication which will
be known as tne British Columbia
Labor Bufletin. Tho' editor Is the
veteran labor editor and speaker, W.
A. Pritchard.
(Copyright 1922 by U-dited Feature Syndicate.)
•a-a^a'-a-e a iinnumi a< 11 ■■■ m. »■■■ ..t. ■>■■$. nm .■■.■»■■«—.»ifi"
Vancouvor, B. C.—A gonulno labor ti
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management,]
School Site Now Cemetery
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Will you
kindly give mo a littlo space through
your paper re the state of affairs In
South Vancouver? I purchased a
house at 4840 Prince Edward street,
in J 911; cannot find the tax receipts
for that year, but 1913 taxes wore
$11.18. Last year I paid over $48.
What do I get ln return? The municipality bought a .piece of land to the
north of my property for $32,000, for
a school site, one of my neighbors
purchased a house opposite because of
this. I understand this land was sold
to the city for a cemetery for $8000.
Instead of a school we now see fun-
orals daily. Since October there are
27 graves, the flrst one 44 yards from
my houso and they aro coming nearer
daily. This is to the north. On the
east, th© city has purchased the balance of 26 acres, on which ther© are
four houses only, the houso dividing
mine from the cemetery has also been
purchased for the caretaker, leaving 3
houses. They have kindly placed a
fence to t,ho north and south of these
houses. To the east of my house Is
but 17 yards to the cemetery. There
Is one consolation as the song says: "I
don't know whore I'm going, but I'm
on my way." I won't have far to go
whon my turn somos. I am wondering if those responsible for this state
of affairs are believers in the theory,
that "millions now living will never
die'* and as 1925 Is the time set when
thore will be no more funerals, they
don't think it worth while bothering
about the land on which these threo
houses aro situated, but judging by
the way the cemetery is being filled
up, I have no doubt but they will need
this land also, but the least thoy can
do Is to mak© the roads In a flt condition for said hearses to come along.
The sidewalk adjoining cemetery was
ripped up months agq and tho roods
nre in a deplorable condition, on
which planks have disappeared in
many .places, and whon one steps on
the sidewalks the other end of a plank
meets him, and one finds he ls dancing
a hornpipe on nothing. It's a great
life if you don't weaken, but to have
one's taxes raised over 400 per cent.
in a few years and get nothing in return Is above a Joke. Of course, if
the resurrection occurs in 1925, I may
have a grandstand placed tb the east
to view it, by so doing get something
in return for my taxes. My neighbors
inform me they would not have purchased their homes had they known
tho land adjoining was to bo used as
a cemetery instead of a school-ground,
for which it was bought in the flrst Instance. It certainly must depreciate
all surrounding property, and they
say it is no use trying to sell, as the
majority of people do not care for the
situation of having a cemetery
brought to one's door, although for
my part It ls more preferable than living with relatives, the occupants don't
quarrel with you. Is there no way of
claiming compensation? Perhaps
someone can enlighten me? Thanking you in anticipation, I remain,
yours truly*, HENRY TAYLOR.
South Vancouver, Jan, 16, 1924.
Co-operative Pulpwood Marketing
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:   In all
the  concern   expressed   for   the   so
called rights of farmers and settlers
to dispose of their pulpwood, how and
whero they please, no practical proposal has been offered which might
really beneflt farmers and land owners wtth pulpwood for sale.    May I,
therefore,   offer  the -suggestion  that
tho farmers and settlers In each of
the provinces could very readily en
sure themselves of a stable market for'
their wood and obtain a good,  fair
prico for it, if they would adopt thej
co-operative marketing plan.'
Farmers with pulpwood tor sale are
not very numerous In any of the provinces. It would be a comparatively
simple mattor for them to organize In
oach province a co-oporatlve selling
agency to dispose of their pulpwood
Undor such un arrangement, the pulp
mills would have only ono seller ln
euch provinco to defll with, and ho
would havo control of tho ontlro pulpwood cut for euch souson. This would
guard against over-cutting us the requirements of the mills could be us-
ccrtalnod in advance, und would also
ensure thut the farmer would obtain
a fnir price for his wood. It would
probably i>© necessary to employ a
sub-ngont or buyer for each separate
county, who would report to a central or general ngent Just how much
wood was being cut in his (particular
county oach season. The chief agent
would then have control of the sale
of the entire cut of the provinco, and
there would bo no ono to break tho
price or do uny undorsolllug, A fair,
stable market would thus obtain, and
Instend of lho fnrmer selling his wood,
as ho now doos, In numerous Instances
for Just about tho value of the labor
employed ln cutting nnd hauling, he
would receive reasonable compensation for tho trees thut oither he or his
predecessors huvo boen protecting for
forty to a hundred and fifty years, as
well ns a fall* roturn for his labor.
A small commission, say, possibly
up to 25 conts per cord, would recompense lho agents and provido for contingent expenses. This chnrge would
bo compensated for mnny times ovor
by tho I hor eased price tho fnrmer
would receive for his pulpwood.
This method of soiling would also
holp to eonsorve tho wood supply, as
It would avoid wasteful cutting, whilo
the enhanced prico tho owner obtaln-
od for hia wood would give him a bottor Idea of Its real value, and load him
greater procuullon to protect his
PERSONALLY, I hate poetry. I have called down upon my head before
now the thunder of critics by saying that poetry is nothing but a sort of
degraded music, and that it is the coward's way of escaping by the means of
melody from the difficulties of prose. I do not recant; I am still irritated by
the poet whose flrst lines ends in "cat," and whose second line therefore cannot
end wlth'"mouse," but must end with "rat." I am tired of Empyrean, Hip-
pocrene, Yggdrasll, and all the words which are never used by a sensible
journalist, but left to poets, because no one is supposed to understand poetry.
And yet there are so many beautiful linos, so many moving poems, "Annabel Leo," "To Anthea," "Faust," etc. There is such a treasure in our poetic heritage tf only one could get at tt, rescue it from the mess, the interminable length of the stuff. That is what stops so many people ln the reading
of poetry. They are like miners digging an ounce of gold out of a ton of
rock.. The real way to rend poetry and to give oneself a chance to acquire
the taste, is to read an anthology, a collection of poems by different hands.
Often anthologies are badly selected, but aome of the material ls good. Someone else has done the work of selection, and one has a chanco to enjoy the
best. Also one should avoid poetic indigestion, which is easily contracted.
I can read a novel through an evening, but not poetry. Poetry should be
used In small doses, to Inflame a moment rather than to muffle a lifetime.
The Problems of Life and Labor
Our Savage Survivals
T AST' FRIDAY evening, (January 4),tlove is older than tho Rocky moun-
tho usual review of the previous
lecture was taken up, ' This was presented to the audience ln the way of a
reading of the report published in The
Federatlonist, on the subject of 4he
"Price Campaign of Divine Healing."
From th© applause, it was evident that
these views of the subject was thoroughly endorsed. The evening was
chiefly devoted In showing that domestic animals were subject to the
same laws as was man. If our education taught us the biological facts that
man, fn common with the lower animals' Is but the product of heredity,
and environment, that we are
all children of the same creative
forces, that animals suffer and feel
much the.same as we do, there would
be less cruelty and suffering in this
It waa shown that domestic animals
display many habits which .are today
useless and meaningless, except
through their interpretations as'instincts, and from Professor Howard
Moore's work, "Savage Survivals," we
learn that an- instinct is a natural tendency to act In a certain way which
has not been learned from experience,
but which has been Inherited.
Instincts are inborn. Birds fly north
in summer, and south in winter, as a
matter of self-preservation, and those
which fail to do so would probably
perish. The buffalo used to migrate
north and south tn the same way. Instincts take the place of reason, and
these ancient Impulses are the dominant forces tn human society even t<j-
The speaker showed how this theory of inherited habits could alone account for many acts of domestic animals. Dogs for instance, the most
ancient and faithful servants of man,
are but tamed wolves and jackals, and
the "blood test" referred to previously
can be .applied between wolves and
dogs, as between anthropoid apes and
The dog, especially the collie, often
exercises his hunting and killing habits today, not for food, but from an
Inherited impulse, because his wolf
ancestors lived on small animals, and
even large animals are often victims
of the wolf-pack. When we see dogs
chasing cattle, horses and even automobiles, we witness this ancient urge
of the wolf.
If you watch a dog lying down, you
notice he does not do so usually, without turning around several times first.
Charles Darwin thought that this was
probably the way the dog's ancestors
tramped down the grass to make a
bed. Dogs usually bark, but this ts
believed to be a late development,
while the occasional howl of our canine pets Is tho wolf "Call of the wild."
People who believe that a dog's howl
foretells calamity and death are themselves victims of a savage survival,
and so are those who believe that the
change of the moon brings a change
of weather. Our cats have vestigeld
habits also. Dogs run down their
prey as did their wolf progenitors^
which lived on the plains, Cats creep
and spring on their victims, aB thetr
wild ancestors whtch Inhabited the
jungles did, and our little kittens,
without Instructions, may sometimes
be seen hunting mice, or files, or a
ball of yarn, becauso of this Inherited
impulse which has been handed down
in the germ cells from the wild cat
Mother's Love
Mother's love for their offspring is
common to nearly ail forms of life, as
would be required from that law
known as "the survival of the fittest."
Th© mothers, and often fathers of
cows, horses, gceso and hens, etc., acquire a sudden fierce nature when
their young arrive. With domestic
animals this Is useless and tt*ible-
aomo, This InBtlnct ls dying out, but
It was a very necessary impulse, when
the wild mothers of tamed animals
had constantly to guard their children
from tho toeth and claws of enemies
soarching for food.
As Howard   Moore   says, mother's
tains. He tells us that when a monkey child dies, tho mother has been
known to carry the little corpse
around with her for days, often refusing to eat, because of her grief.
Why do goats love to climb upon
rocks and stumps, and roofs of sheds?
Because tlie goat is a mountaineer.
His ancient ancestors ages ago fled
to the crags to escape the big teeth of
the carnivora, and through this inherited impulse the kids born on the
farm today, may be seen standing on
high- places, because to them these
are the nearest things to the peaks
where their forebears lived. The goat
although -he does not eat "tin cans,"
still he has a powerful digestion, and
his inward mechanism and chemical
processes can actually convert wood
and clothing into nourishment ,
Domestfc chickens roost on trees,
becauso their ancestors did so to escape the foxes and other prowling
enemies of night. Children love to
climb trees, and swing on trees, because trees are the cradle of our race.
Our ancestors once lived there. Yet
think what changes have come over
the bodies and minds of the children
of the woods, through domestication,
The numerous and divergent forms
of dogs and pigeons were shown on
the screen, with other very Interesting
pictures, showing that man today is
controlling the forces of life. What
nature blindly, gropingly and destructively did in a thousand generations,
man through intelligent breeding can
do in a comparatively few years, Thts
fact Is of greatest social slflniflcance.
The wolf and jackal have been
transformed physically and mentally
through the kindness and companionship of man'. A monument has been
erected in Edinburgh, to Grey Friar's
Wit and Humor
O, where is the man with soul so dead,
Who, wtth the auto, never thrills!
Whose heart In happiness fs led
'Mid  passing scenes of dales and
Arrived Too Early
Hall Boy—De man In room seben
have gone hang hiseelf!
Hotel Clerk—Hanged himself? Did
you cut htm down?
Hall Boy—No, sah! He ain't dead
He'll Do His Best
Father—Young, man, you couldn't
even buy my daughter's clothes!
Suitor—I could help.
Flying Dog? v
Grandmother had come to visit her
son, the pastor, and Mary, her flve-
year-old granddaughter, was entertaining her with the story of a wonderful dog.
Mary—And the dog flew and 'fl-e-w
and fl-e-e-w away up tn the sky.
Grandmother ' (reprovingly)—Now,
Mary, tell it right; you know a dog
can't fly.
Mary (triumphantly) — Oh, yes,
grandmother, that dog can fly; lt was
a bird dog.
> Quite Puzzling
Judge—You say that you are innocent. How do you explain th© fact
that you were found near the scene
of the robbery with the stolen property ln your hand?
Prisoner—That's what puzzltn' me,
too, yor honor.
dog, who slept on hts master's grave
for 12 years before he died.
It is said truly that the dog is the
only being who loves you more than
he loves himself, yet the difference
between the savage wolf and the faithful and affectionate dog ts due to a
change In environment, and yet today
dunces and intellectual fossils tell us
that "Communism and universal peace
are impossible, because they are
against human nature."
This Friday evening, Dr. Dorchester, of this city, will be the speaker.
His subject will be "ForceB Making
for the Higher Evolution of Man,
Dr. Dorchester is the author of several scientific works, and haa been an
original investigator along the lines of
human developmnt.
"Diogenes" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinoe
Priee, Cloth $1.50; Paper, $1.00
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Utility, Coats
At Clearance Prices
■ ======1
DELTED or wrapover styles in fabrics of
splendid quality and attractive light or
dark colorings.
Originally $29.50 for $19.50.
Originally $69.50 for $39.50.
Heavy weight Blanket Cloth, Cheviot and
Tweed Coats in belted styles; originally $45
to $69.50, for $32.50.
—Drysdate's Garment Shop, Third Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymonr 3540
Foster Banned from Platform In
New Jersey
William Z. Foster, strike leader and
prominent radical, has been prevented
from addressing a mass meeting at
Newark, N. J., for the third time. He
was billed to speak under the auspices
of the Civil Liberties union, but had
barely mounted the platform when a
detective appeared and escorted him
to police headquarters.
EVEN our customers of mnny years'
standing express surprlso at the wonderful things going at this salo. It's a
chance keen buyers dnro not miss to
savo In a big way on Suits, Coats,
Dresses, etc.
Famous SS^I*.
Ring np Phone Seymonr ISM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
WHEN yoa aro travelling evening
brings lonesomo hours. Tou would
bo glad If tt woro possible to pack your
grip and flnd yourself Instantly at homo
or among your friends. Tou cannot make
this quick visit, but at tho nearest tele*
phone "Long Distance" will send your
voice back whore you want to bo. When
you bear tho voice, you feel Its presence.
Tho voice is the porson. That's why no-.
thing can take tho placo of the telephone
as a medium of communication. Ton feel
you aro with tho peraon to whom yoa sro
HAVE you ever had a real drink
of Pure Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we bave introduced recently a pare clear
■parkling apple eider in pint bottles,
either pare aweet or government regulation 2% hard apple eider. Theae drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
carbonlo aeld gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone yoar order
today, Highland B0.
Older Hanoiaetnrara
1S6B Commercial Drln, Vancaunr, B, 0.
B.C/s Best Br*w
Cascade is produced at british
Columbia's model •brewery, where
quality and purity of ingredients,
combined with perfectly hygienic
conditions, are of paramount
Insist on Cascade
Pure — palatable—appetizing '
—the brew for YOU.
woodlot   Trom   flre  and   to   practice
other conservation in ensures.
It Is not necessary to wait for the
actual application of an embargo on
tho exportation of pulpwood whtch,
hy tho way, I am positive will he
brought Into effect during the present
year, despite tho efforts of tho American interests nnd tho machinations of
some of our own politicians to prevont it, as it Ib n menauro that should
hnvo beon ndopted long beforo this.
Let those who express so much concern for tho farmer woodownor, as
well ao tho farmor himself, consider
this -proposal with tho ond In view
that the necessary steps may he taken
to gtvo It effect, I stand ready to contribute my share.
Montreal, Jan. 12, 1924.
_,,   _  .   nl I" IBM
a4TOr»^>'tI» not published or displayed by the -.lauor Coutrol
Board or by tho Government of British Columbia,
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-UI Metropolitan BiUHtof
UT Button «• W. VAJTOOUVM, S. 0.
Ktopfcuu. teymtet MM ul IMT
1160 OaorjU Stmt
Snnday services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 i>.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901-908 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harriion
Phone Pairmona 88
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Ratea Reasonable
••A Good Plaoe to Bat"
Union Bank of Canada
  -f   8,000,000
PROFITS     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS....- 128,299,679
The Bank's Annual Statement has just been issued and
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
branch of the bank.
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years.   We guarantee sat.
isfaction.    Prompt service.    Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonei:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. I'RIDAT .'. January  18,   1924
Dentistry Prices
are now at
their lowest
Some of the Contradictions
of Capitalism
Crown and
Extractions and
Dental X-Ray
Films and
Only most approved
methods of pain elimination used.
My fees, consistent with the highest type of work, aro now as low
as it's possible to make them. I
back up my work with a
15-year Written Guarantee
Let me tell you today by examination and estimate, how little it
will cost to put your teeth right.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member ot the (acuity ot tile College of Dentistry, University of Southern California; lecturer on crown and bridgework;
demonstrator In' plate work and operative dentistry, local and genoral anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street Welt. Phone, Seymour 3831
(Corner Seymour) Open Tueaday and Friday Evenings
(Concluded tbis week)
[By P. W. Moore]
Vancouver Unions
I Council — 1'reBldent, R. H. NeeUndi, M,
; general aecreUry, Percy R. Bengough,
: 808 Holden Building. Phono Sey.
■two. Heels in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. ~
f e flrat and third Tuegdaya in month.
Meeta aecond Monday In the month. Preient, J. R. White; aocretary, R. H, Neel-
ids. P. 0. Box 66. 
3 IB Pondor St. WfiBt-Mluslneas meetinga
ory Wedneaday evening. A. Maelnnli,
airman; E. H. Morrlaon, ae&-trcai.; Oeo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
. C, corresponding Becrotary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
formation re securing speakers or tbo for-
.tlon of local brauchei, kindly communicate
th provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. Telp-
ione Seymour 1832, or Fairmont 41)38.
second Thursday evory month in Holdon
Hiding. President, J. Brlghtwull; financial
cretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
|AL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
iuver, B. C, meots second and fourth Toes-
>ys in oach month in Holden Building. Preient, C. E. Horrett, 71 Hastlnga St, Eaat;
~ Jan], 320 Cambie Streot.
2702.    Residence  phone,
1 cretary,  A.
top  phono,   Soy.
mg. 2171R.
■ Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and. Help.
ltt of America, Local 194—Meetings first
Id third Mondays in oach month in Holdon
|iilding. President, P. Willis; secrotary, A.
Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
bricklayers or masons for boiler worka.
i.,  or Mftrble setters, phone Bricklayers'
tion,  811 Holdon Building.	
■and .third Fridays In each month, at 445
■chards Stroot. President, David Cuthlll,
■52 Albert Stroet; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Vii-ion, 1188 Parker Street.
■Steam and Operating, Loeal 844—Moots
■erf Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 806 Holden
Idg. Prosldent, J, Flynn; business agent
Id financial secretary, P. S. Hunt; recording
jrotary, D. Hodges.	
■ President, Ni-il MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall
w.i___.   No.  3  FirehaU-
"In tbe Flavor Sealing Tin"
rpHE following la an excerpt from
the B, C. Tteaoner, ror December,
1923, the official organ of the teachers
of thia province: "The bureau of education of the United States department of the Interior, has made an Interesting survey of the subject. The
scientific value of the results therefore
are unquestioned: 'It is estimated that
a college education multiplies the
value of a life career over a high
school education by 9; over a common
school education by 21S; over no
school education by 817.' The foregoing figures proving the social and
economic value of education (since
distinguished service usually means
means great material remuneration)
are so dramatic and convincing that
further comment would be almost
TIow   opposite   are   the   words   of
Whittler In connection With this:
The riches of the commonwealth
Are free strong minds and hearts of
And more to her than gold or grain
The cunning hand and cultured brain.
The Work Unit
Ben—Richard Jeffries once said: "I
hope succeeding generations will be
able to be Idle, I hope that nine-
tenths of their time will be leisure
time; that they may enjoy their days,
and the earth, and tne beauty of this
beautiful world; that they may rest
by the sea and dream; that they may
dance and sing and eat and drink."
Bess—In order that all persons
may be able to do such things to that
extent, if they wish, we must adopt
the work unit of exchange.—The
lerotary. 0. A,   .. „ 	
■every flrat and third Monday in Holden
liildlng. Presidont, J, R Hawthorne; flnan-
nl socretary, A. Padgbain, Joyce Road P. O.,
Lncouvor, B. 0.; recording socretary, G.
■thor,  2249—45th  Ave. East,  Vancouver,
lof   Steam and   Operating,  Loeal   "a9—
leets   evory   Wednesday  at   8   p.m.
|6 Holden Bldg.    Preaident, CharlOL	
J. T. Venn. ,
Mtsmtam,     —    -    «...     .    RoOIU
mv uviu... —„. Preaident, Charles Prioe
leincBB agont and flnanclal secretary, ™ *■
pnt; recording secretary, J. T. Ve
lUHIMSTS LOCAL 692—President,-Thos.
lills; seoretary, V,\ Wareham; bnsinesa
at, P. R. Bengough, Offlce: 807 Holden
.tiding.    Meets on second and fourth Tues-
in month.	
NION, Loeal 145, A. F. of M.—Meats at
ne Hall, Homer Street, aecond Bandar,
fie a-m. President, Ernest 0, Miller, 091
-     .     _.__  im„,._. .Tamleson,
t Nelson mri-ei, iiuuw. »      W. E,
Jlllama,  991  Nelson Street;   organiser,  F,
jteher, 891 Nelson Street.	
(PORS and Paperhangers of America, Loeal
, Vaneoaver—Meeta 2nd and 4th Thurs-
i at 148 Cordova Street West.    Phone,
, 8610-   Business Agent, Ht D.Collard.
book Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets at
I Haatings Street West every Friday, at 8
'■     t«.  Tttntnninn. flnanclal seeretary.
Jas. Thompson, financial seeretary.
Jordova Bt. West, P. 0; *-- ""*     **-***i
" "lta •
, business agent.
th "*«. ». «■ Box 571.   -Phone
8708.   Meetings «very Monday at 7:80
i.   0. CsropbelC_---_..	
|).—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
Hay of eaeh month at headquarters, 818
Idova Btreet West. President, D. Gllles-
J vtce-ptttdent, John Johnson; secretary
Isnrer, win. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
it Btreet West. Branch agent's address:
Irgo Faulkner,   570  Johnson  Btreet,  Vic-
■oyood, Pioneer Division, No, It)l—Meets
■P. HaU, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
arMondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre-
A.  Hoover,  2409  Clarke  Drive?
-     -     «*-__■__     AAI Ail
Griffin,  447—8th
Tnt,  F.  A. 	
p-ding seoretary, F. E.  ,  -
| East,; treasurer, A F. Andrew; flnan-
Isecretary and business agent, W. H, Cot*
I, 168—17th Ave. W. Offlce, corner Prior
j Main Streets. Phone Fairmont 4B04Y
Kmerlca,   Local  No.   178—Meetings  held
; Monday in each month, 8 p.m,    Presl-
A.   R.   Gatenby;   vios-presldent,   Hrs.
(._, recording'secretary, C. McDonald, P.
}ox 503; flnanclal secrotary, P. McNelsh,
,). Box 508. 
TJTiN—Meots at tlfll NeUon Street, at 11
on the Tuosday preceding tho 1st Sub-
of'the month. Preaident, E, A. Jamie-
991 Nelson St.: Becrotary, 0. H. Wll-
.ib, 991 Nelson St ; Business Agent, F.
ichor, 981 Nelson SL,
Jent, R, P. Pettlploce. vloo-prosident. J,
[Bryan; socretary-treasurer, R. H. Noels, P. 0. Bux 66. Meets laat Snnday of
(,i month at 2 p.m. in Holdon Building,'16
itingB Strict East, 
'NION, No. 418—Preaident, S. D. Mae-
aid, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
). Box 689, Meets last Thursday of eaeh
Big Stars Shine at tlie Orpheum
Karyl Norman, the Creole Fashion-
plate of vaudeville, appearing now in
a gorgeous new production called
"The Tuneful Song Shop," Is delighting Orpheum audiences this week,
His newest act includes a feast of mel
ody, a stunning style show of wonderful gowns, and a big illustrated novelty producing fifteen of Karyl Nor-
mon song hits of later years. Keno
Clark and Bobby .Simonds, both
pianists, are assisting him. The balance of the big bill of vaudeville comprises six other feature acts, and Includes Newhoff and Phelps, who.sing
their captivating love melodies to the
accompaniment of Chauncey Gray's
orchestra, It ls a big bill, rich In, entertainment values.
Next week Mclntyre and Heath,
those veteran minstrel men, will head
the new bill. They are making their
golden anniversary tour, celebrating
their 50th year of stage partnership,
and will present their famous "Georgia Minstrels" act. Six other flne acts
will be on the same bill.
The Creole Fashion Plata
Matinees Thnra., Friday and Saturday
Golden Anniversary Tour of
Mclntyre & Heath
"Escorts BnppUsd"
Harmony Slngsrs
The Only Survivor of Ooxey'a Army
THR  LUSTER BROS.Unique Novolty
 "Aviating Antics"	
Refreshing Interview of Song and
Bobby Symonda at the Piano
Attractive Pictures  Concert Orchestra
ender Street WnBt. Buainess meetings
•y 1st and Srd Wednesday evory month.
Oarpendftle, corresponding secretary' G.
.ior, financial seoretary; J. Halliday,
(eh organiser.
A TLonnh I Starter
Ihink It out for yourself: If the
t of account and currency, the dol-
J was Issuable and receivable only
|a human adult's direct or stored
r's work, could it be used in any
. to extort tribute from anyone?
rcould tho prico of anything exceed
fccost of Its .production? Imagine,
1'ou can, what the correct answer
pheiie questions means.—The Equi-
The large majority of the producers
of the world in civilized countries
have had none other than a common
school education. We can imagine
what the effect would be if each one
of the millions of human beings embraced In that category had his powers of achievement multiplied by 215,
The result in terms of the welfare of
the world could not be estimated today,
It is not contended for a moment
that such a condition Is possible under
capitalism; but the figures quoted con^
stitute the shadow of coming events
that to retard in any way could only
be accounted action of a nature highly criminal. Labor in every country
is establishing her own educational
Institutions comprising universities,
Plebs clubs and educational leagues.
It ls the duty of all people interested
In the development of the human
race to help these along, since lt
only a matter of time until they clash
with their monopolistic rivals in an
effort to control the minds of the peo
There Is another contradiction involved in this statement that while
capitalism makes provision for a free
university education, he also creates
conditions that makes it practically
Impossible for the majority of his subjects to get beyond the common
But King Capital by regulating conditions, not only dispenses education
to suit his Ideals, but he also claims he
ls acting in this and in most other
ways under the auspices of God Almighty.. Examples of his methods under such fancied inspiration are given i
In Dr. Taylor's "God of "War," on page
At the time referred to, a circular
was sent out in the United States by a
group of persons calling themselves:
"A Committee of National Preparedness," appealing to ministers of religion throughout the country for their
support and Influence, Many of these
enthusiastically responded; not only
did they take it foi* granted that God
needed advice but some of them proceeded to lay down the law in prayer
ob to what attitude hie should assume
towards the allies.
The following ia quoted by Dr. Taylor as having been widely circulated
In the religious .press.
Mr, Taylor Is a Doctor of Divinity
"God in heaven forbid that any man
or woman of this land should be so
.steeped In sin, so morally leprous with
the taint of Germanism, so rotten-
souled from vile contamination with
these vile criminals, as ever by a single thought to favor peace until down
ln the dust of unconditional surrender
the forces of hell acknowledge the
powers of heaven, and until the criminal German leaders swing high from
the gallows which though doing their
appointed work, would still be contaminated by the dead bodies of those
lying, looting, outraging beasts, whose
crimes would sicken a tiger."
Standing out in strong contrast to
this sacerdotal Invective are the
statements taken from the bible setting forth the attitude of Jesus Christ
on the subject of war:
"God hath made of one blood all
nations of men to dwell on all the
face of the oarth."
"Whoever hateth his brother Is a
"Bless them that curse you; bless
and curse not."
"Recompense no man evil for good.
Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves."
"If thine enomy hunger, feed him,
If he thirst give him drink. Be not
overcome with evil, but overcome evil
with good."
That His Highness King Capital
professes to hold theso principles ln
the greatest esteem whilo their antitheses are openly proclaimed throughout his realm may be proved from tho
preface of tho authorized version
of the biblo, in which occur these
words: "But amongst all our joys
there was no one thnt more filled our
hearts than the blessed continuance of
the ipreachitig of God's sacred word
among us."
Truly His Boyal Highness King Capital If typified in human form, would
require a face having more power than
a chamelon to change Its complexion
whenever antagonistic Interests mado
it profitable to disguise his real sentiment.
Nowhero are the contradictions in
connection with these interests of capital more plainly dtscornible than in
connection with the so-cnlled gluts In
the market when people having pro
duced too many commodities flnd out
that they haven't really produced
enough; that ls they produced too
much for the market, and consequently being compelled to remain out of
work until the stock was sold, they
were not allowd to produce enough to
stave off unemployment with Its eternal corollory of keeping the wolf from
the door.
Instances of contradiction could be
multiplied Indefinitely, but sufficient
cases have been cited to show that
something is radically .wrong with the
system. The only doctor that. can
cure Its Ills ls the laboring class, Including the mental and manual workers, representing humanity. Without
such aid King Capital can do nothing
for thetr beneflt; without pressure
emanating from a class-conscious education amongst these people he will
not ever be willing to do anything. It
is only such pressure can awake him
from hfs senseless lethargy Induced by
the anodyne of wealth, infected by the
disease germs of monopoly. It Ib just
such pressure discreetly applied to His
Rapacious Highness that can save
present-day society from disgracefully
retarding the process of development,
and can give It strength to ward off
the necessity for committing evolutionary suicide. We are living in one
of the most critical stages of the
world' shistory:
Even now we hear with inward strife
A motion tolling fn the gloom.
The spirit of .the years to come
Yearning to mix himself with life.
A slow-develop'd strength awaits
Completion tn a painful school
Phantoms of other forms of rule
New majesties of mighty states.
Bernard Shaw Draws on Labor
. So deeply did the recent victory of
labor at the British elections Impress
George Bernard Shaw that the famous
playwright has begun writing a play
analyzing the "New Demos," as manifested by the growth of the labor
movement. Shaw fs busy gathering
material for the piece; to furnish hfm
with a close-up of the leaders in the
movement, Sidney Webb gave a dinner to Shaw and to David Kirkwood,
member from the Clyde. Shaw expects that Kirkwood wtll provide him
with plenty of color for his new play.
Patronise Federatloniat' advertisers.
Central Executive Committee As
Eleoted by Its Third National Convention
Chicago, Jan. 17.—The Central Executive committee, as elected by the
Third ^National convention of the
Workers party, consists of the following members: Alexander Blttleman,
Earl R. Browder, Fahle Burman, Jas.
P. Cannon, William F. Dunne, J. Louis
Engdahl, William Z. Foster, Benjamin
Gltlow, Ludwig Lore, Jay Lovestone,
John Pepper, C. E. Ruthenberg. The
political bureau consists of Foster,
Browder, Cannon, Ruthenberg, Pepper, Ciovostone and Dunne, The organization committee consists of Foster, Cannon, Ruthenberg, Abern and
Pepper. Representative en National
Executive committee of Young Workers league—Engdahl.
[From "Kabo"]
There was a man that worked and
From ten to sixty-four,
If Justice on thts earth was here,
He sure should work no more.
But still existence was his goal,
And hope his life's mainspring,
So working still he trusts some day
To know what's good for him.
For    years   and    years   he   always
That wear was better than rust,
Early and late he rushed to work
Because.he thought he must.
He thought that work waB noble,
And had no time to know
That others did no work at all
Nor even troubled to Bew.
Yet they had more than they could eat
And more than they could spend,
To them he often had to go
To see what they would lend.
The price they charged alarmed him
But Btlll he hoped to win,
So had their cash and traded on
He thought It was—no sin.
To pay his way got harder still
More trade had to bo sought
Working nights as well ns day*
He thought succeed he ought.
Hoping to strike n lucky deal,
To put the 1uii.i;!e right,
He rested a day and thought It out
I've something good hi Bight.
He threw up work Im mod lately,
And tralnod to lazy *>y,
Then loft the country of his birth
To sail across the w,\.
The Golden West taught him tho res.t,
And unlearned all hu knew;
To start afresh at sixty-six,
Was something hard to do.
But ln a year or two—say three—
The sun began to shine,
And now he's happy with his wife,
And has no causo to whine.
To wit:
Of Reeve snd Councillors, Board of
School Trustees and Board of
Police Commissioners
of the Municipality aforesaid, thst £ POLL
has become neoeisarjr at the Election now
pending for tbe same nnd thst I have granted
snch Poll, and further that the Persons duly
nominated as Candidates at the aald Eleetion
and for whom only votes will be received
Brooks, Thomas, 5810 Ontario St., S. V.,
merchant; Cornett, Jonathan Webster, 4*81
Quebec St., 3- V., merchant; Prinn, Thomas,
1207 Kingsway, S. V., broker; Richmond,
John Isaac, 2313 Kingsway, S, V., merchant;
Rubbc.11, William Brown, 4351 Commercial
St., S. V., contractor.
Buckingham, Walter John, 4108 Victoria
Road, S. V., manufacturer; Coltart, Charles
Pagan, 3GS—50th Ave. E„ 8. V., contractor;
Gordon, Alexander L., 3084 Commercial St., '
S. V., sheet metal worker; Orimmott, Daniel
William, 4100 Main St., S. V., rotired; Hall,
David, 244 45th Ave. K., S. V., sign maker,
Hardy, Georgo Harry, 1925—07th Avo. _., S.
V., carpenter; Mastors, Ernest Alfred, 4848
Nanaimo St., S. V-, accountant; McBrido,
Robert, 435 Marino Drive West, S. V., farmer; Mengel, Oscar John, 1870—53rd Ave.
E., S. V., insurance agent; Thompson, Robert
Worthy, 4500 James St., S. V., contractor;
Wood, John Christie, 4571 Fraser Ave., S.
V., merchant,
Browne, Lynn,. 0S28 Nanaimo St., S. V.,
publisher; Dingle, John Wedlake, 2057
Klngiway, S. V„ retired; Hurry, Alfred, 861
—34th Ave. E., S. V., plasterer; McNeiah,
Peter, 1135—20th Avo. E., S. V., inspector
of telephones; Ramsey, Walter John Ernest,
150—65th Avo. E„ S. V., carpenter; Rigby,
Robert Errington, 762—27th Avo. E., S. V.,
B. C. E. R. conductor; Waters, Evelyn, 1924
—37th Avo. E., S. V., married woman;
Woods, David, 1400—34th Avo. E., S. V.,
retired farmor.
Armstrong, Edward Lawson, 4419 Quebec
St., S, V.i sheet metal worker; Edwards,
Benjamin, 1738—55th Avo. E., S. V., O. P.
R. investigation agent; Flack, Robert James
Smith, 199 David St., S. V., ex-police officer;
MacDonald, Alexander, 132—47th Ave. E.,
S. V., B. C. E. R. motorman; McPhall, Frederick Freeman, 7664 Knight St., 8. V., health
Said Poll will be oponed on SATURDAY,
the 19th day of January, 1924, from 9 a.m.
to 7 p.m., at tbo following General Polling
SECORD SCHOOL, Corner 61st and Victoria.
OLD SCHOOL HOUSE, Main  St.  and 27th
TECUMSEH   SCHOOL   HOUSE,   43rd   and
Victoria Bond.
MUNICIPAL HALL,  corner 43rd Avo.  and
Frasor Street.
HALL, cornor Main Stroot and 53rd Ave.
and Marine Drive.
McBRIDE SCHOOL, 29th Ave. and Culloden
NORQUAY SCHOOL, Euclid Avo. and Slocan
All In tho Municipality of South Vancou*
vor*| of which every peraon is hereby re*
quired, to take notice and govern himself accordingly.
A Vote will also be taken on the question
"Aro you In favor of the amalgamation of
tho Municipality of South Vancouver with the
City of Vancouver on fair and equitable
Given under my hand, at South Vancouver
this 14th-day of January, 1924.
Returning Officer.
The Election of Reeve and Councillors,
Board of School Trustees and Board of Po<
lice Commissioners will be held under tbe
Proportional Representation System of Voting.
Municipal Clerk.
Hudson's Bay Piano
Stands First Among
AQ Canadian-made
Its tone is superb, powerful, rich and clear.
It is strongly built, with full metal plate,
best Canadian made action, ivory keys and
handsome walnut or mahogany cases.
THE Council is prepared to sell the following used machinery:
Onu -Fndi'ii Steam Wagon.
One Cletrac Tractor (1920 model).
Two Waterous Steam Rollers.
One Auto Street Flusher.
Ono Gasoline Road Roller (10 tona).
One Tractor.
Specifications and full particulars may he
obtained' on application to tho Municipal Engineer.
Tenders for tho sale or purchase of any or
all of the above are Invitod to reach tho undersigned by noon of Monday, January 28,
A deposit hy certified chequo of 5 per cent,
of the amount of tho proposed salo or purchase Is required trom each tenderer ns security that his proposal, If nrrepled, will be
carried out.
Tenders must bo undor (.over and endorsed
on tho oiitiido "Mnohinjry Tender."
No tender necessarily accoptod.
O. M. C.
Municipal Hall, 6851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. O.
$375.00 and $395.00
On our very easy terms of payment, when
you buy a Hudson's Bay Piano, you buy the
best for the least.   Come in and see them.
—Piano Section—third Floor
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games), -
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421,4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whiat Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
EYesh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental und Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2 655 Granville Street
Ser. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS'* Sey, 9513-1391
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
T. McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Labor* Paper as Advertising
Printer's Ink, thc recognized authority on advertising, says:
"A Labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper, A Labor paper,
for example, having 5000 subscriptions, is of more
value to the business man who advertises in it
than ordinary papers with 25,000 subscribers."
May Ro1>son Wins with "Aunt Mary"
May Robson, veteran star, still
holds promier place, and after ton
years of other successful plays she
hag revived by popular domand, "The
Rejuvenation of Aunt Mary." She will
be at tho Orpheum, theatre next Mon<
day and Tuesday, with a matinee on
Not only does Miss Hobson score
heavily just because sho ls May Hobson and has many laurels to rest on,
but the part she plays wins hor audience. It has a "kick" in It. A malo
quartette, Robort Dllts, Frank Easton,
James Montgomery and Fred Trowbridge, offors some entertaining numbers and Louise Carter plays a violin
solo that pleases. Lillian Harmor,
Bess Dunlop, C. A. Winters and Harry
Knapp all add their bit to the play to
mako lt a success. Ruth also has a
part. She's Aunt Mary's oat. All In
all, the play Ib worth while.
Insist on the Genuine Beer
This Label is a Guarantee of Purity.    Say "Britannia"
sixteenth year.  No. s BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c
FRIDAY January  IS,
Prominent Member of Typo Union
Passes Away at San
[Typographical Journal]
Although known to have been In a
precarious state of health for the past
year or more, the death of George A.
Tracy at San Francisco was a shock to
his friends In every section of the
country, for he was a conspicuous
flgure in the International union and
generally admired wherever he was
known. Mr. Tracy died In a San
Francisco hospital on December 18
from a paralytic Btroke, but had been
a sufferer from diabetes. He was CO
years of age.
George A. Tracy was flrst vice-president of the international Typographical union for a period of three years,
1909-1912, and president of San FranciBco Typographical union for a number of terms. He was ftr two years
president of Columbia Typographical
union No. 101, Washington, D. C,
(1894-95), whore he was foreman In
the government printlpg offlce previous to going to Manila, Philippine Islands, in 1899, to establish a printing
plant for the government when the
United States took charge of those Islands following the Spanish-American
war. After two years' residence there
he returned to this country and located in San'Francisco, where he lived
until death came to relieve his sufferings. Tracy was not only active In
union affairs, but also took a deep Interest ln civic affairs, and for several
years .past has been president of San
Francisco Civil Service commission,
also president of the national association. He was a candidate on the democratic ticket on two different occasions to represent one of the San
Francisco districts in the lower house
of congress, but was defeated each
time, although making nn exceptionally strong race. Tracy was also president of the California State Federation of Labor and the local labor body
in San FranciBco for several years.
Probably George Tracy will be best
remembered In years to come as the-
REG'LAR FELLERS-That's An Epidemic
compiler of "The History of the Typo-
grahplcal Union," the most authentic
work in existence of the origin and
achievements of the International Typographical union up to the time lt
was written In 1913.
George Tracy was a man capable of
tilling any position, either ln public
life or ln union labor organizations.
His judgment and advice could always
be relied upon. He was also an able
and eloquent public speaker. His passing ls a great loss to the International
Typographical union.
Musicians Instal New Officers
The Installation meeting of the
Musicians' Mutual Protective union,
local 146, held on Sunday, drew out a
large gathering of members. Past
President Bowyer conducted the in
stallatlon ceremonies, noting the duties of the various officers elected to
serve for the coming year. A good
deal of routine business was transacted. The letter submitted to the various unions, urging taht a new trial be
accorded to James Maclaughlan, was
endorsed by the meeting.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Re-elect F. F. McPhail
For a Progressive and Efficient Police Administration
Why People Subscribe for
-the B. C. Federationist
1. For 15 years The B. C. Federationist has fought the battles of all those who work for a living, whether they go to
work with a white collar or overalls, endeavoring to make
better conditions for all wage-earners and their families, by
helping obtain a greater degree of justice, bettor wages, shorter working hours and fair working conditions.   /
2. Tho E'ederationist agitated for and helped obtain such
valuable laws as thc Workmen's Compensation Ant, the Minimum Wage Aet for Women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. The Federationist. is the only paper in British Columbia
that gives labor's side of public questions, and onc should havo
both sides.
4. IF ONE WANTS ALL THE NEWS, particularly
labor's side of strike troubles, political campaigns and fights
for better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and
importance from all over the word, ONE HAS TO HAVE A
Dredging started at Site of G. P. B.
Pier—Shore Construction
Also Begins
Signs of activity are evident on the
site of the new pier to be erected at
Vancouver by the Canadian Pacific
Railway company, to be designated
Pier B.-C. One dredge ls already at
work, and shore construction work ls
also commenced ln a small way. Dave
McLaughlin, superintendent of construction for the Junktns Construction
company, who have the contract, ts
right on the job, and considerable forward progress is expected at an early
date. About four months' dredging
will be necessary before a start can be
made upon the laying of the concrete
Does France Want Reparations?
Germans Convinced That
She Does Not
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
ttat will compare in quality with
ny of the fiamous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
At all Government Vendors
TWs advertisement is not published or displayed by *
the liquor Control Board or by tbe Oovernment oi •
British Columbia.
Germany Continued to Suffer—
Chaos Reigns Everywhere
—Lives Lost
[By MlcheleNTrentadue]
TTHE Germans are convinced, however, that France doeB not want reparations. What she really wants ls
to break down the German national
unity. And she haa also an Inveterate
spirit of hatred of Germany., In these
matters France showed her hand immediately after the signing bf the
armistice. When the allied troops occupied certain German cities, they
discovered that the Inhabitants were
in great need of food and other necessaries of life. It was proposed,
therefore, that the German ships
should be allowed to convey allied
prisoners to 'their countries overseas,
and to return with food for Europe,
especially for Germany. But objections were at once raised by the French
—where would the Germans obtain
money to pay for the food? They
saw that if the Germans were allowed
to spend money for food there would
be less German gold for the payment
of reparations. The Germans, on
their part, steadfastly refused to hand
over their ships unless it was guaranteed that they might return with food.
At the same time, the women of Germany appealed to Mrs. Wilson and
the women of America In the name
of their common motherhood and
womanhood for supplies of food, AU
this shows how bitter was the spirit of
hatred which possessed the French as
against the Germans. Whereas England, the United States and other
countries wished to see the re-establishment of commercial and industrial Germany, France dreaded a
prosperous Germany, believing that it
would revive the spirit of war from
which she'had suffered so much. On
the one hand, England desires the resumption of trading relations with
Germany, whilst on the other, France
wants "safety flrst," But safety, as
interpreted by France, did not mean a
more defensive protection from Germany, which England and the United
States were reudy to guarantee. No,
for France It meant something more,
nothing less, in fact, than the destruction of German national unity, and
tho acquisition for herself of the Ruhr
valley under thc specious plea of obtaining reparations.
The Ruhr valley, which ls tbe most
industrialized and richest mining district of Europe, is, roughly speaking,
about 40 miles long by ten wide. To
the possession of this area the once
powerful German empire owed its existence. From lt the present German
republic could ln time not only pay
the reparations demanded by the sil
lies, but raise the country from Us
present condition of misery. In other
words, the Ruhr ls worth more than
all the rest of Germany put together.
France, therefore, may flnd it better
to have the Ruhr In her possession
than receive payment of the reparations. In this way she secures more
than her share of the reparations due,
whilst her allies get nothing! But as
France did not flght the Germans
alone, her allies may have something
to say in this matter. This explains
why France is not anxious for the discussion of reparations nor keen for
the Anglo-American proposal for a
commission of experts to examine
German's ability to pay.
With the rich industrial Ruhr valley, containing seven cities and a population of 1,233,000 ln the hands of
France, there is not possibility of payment of reparations by Germany. But
it ls stated, France only intends to remain In the Ruhr until the reparations are paid. Yet even supposing
that Germany should be able to .pay
without the Ruhr, France will remain
there for at leaBt 42 years, since the
arrangement proposed by the Reparations commission ls that Germany
should pay her, obligation of $35,000,-
000,000 in 42^'a/nnual instalments.
For the last four years the allies
have discussed the reparations question without any practical result.
Meanwhile the people of Germany
continue to suffer, chaos deigns everywhere, lives are being lost, and the
country's natural resources, which
would be sufficient to pay reparations
to all the allies, as well as to preserve
the national existence are being irretrievably destroyed.
♦All the rights for reproduction ore
reserved by the author.
Engineers Return to Vancouver
A gang of the Steam and Operating
engineers, belonging to local 844,
came into town the other day from
Cowley, Alta., wh'ere they have Juat
finished construction of a bridge over
the Old Man river, on the Crow'B Neat
branch of the C. P. B.
South Vancouver Elections
Vote for Councillors
-     --AND—
Both Candidates  for  Bo-election
Advocating sensible progress. WUl
support all good ideas, irrespective of
who originates them. They are out
for SEBVIOE—and advice only.
Meeting ln Elks' Hall, Fraier St.,
tonight at g, AU candidates welcome.
Chairman, Mr. McWaters,
Surely the official coroner at ftoss-
land has a most appropriate namo.
He Is Dr. J. W.^ Coffin.
Ageut for all Steamship
Drop In and Let Ve Talk It Over.
BOB!. BAT, Ai.nt
Va-couvai, B. 0.
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing Neatly Done
Phone. Seymour 936
Best $2.50
GlnsHi'H not prescribed unless absolutely  necessary.    Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists.    bAtlsfaciion tcuarantocd.
We grind our own lenses. Lenses
duplicated by mall.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical limine)
lie   sure  of   th.   addrm—Above
Woolworth*. Store, near
Salt* 36, Davl. Ch.m_.ri,
Musicians' Benevolent Society Formed
to Oare for Welfare of Those
ln Musical Profession
Under the sponsorship of the local
Musicians' union, there haB been Incorporated the Musicians' Benevolent
society, with headquarters at Vancouver. Thts new society, regularly incorporated under the Societies act of
British Columbia, Is destined to care
for the comfort and general welfare
of members and will undoubtedly
prove a forward step in the Interests
of those who follow the musical profession. Provisional directors havo
been appointed, as follows: B. C. Miller, chairman; H. Stocker, C. H. Wll-.
Hams, B. A. Jamieson and W. B. Williams.
By tho time we've made enough
money to enjoy lifo properly, we're too
old to be out after dark.
To Thrifty Men
IT IS much mora economical to wear
a medium price Boot with mbbere,
than to wear a high-price Boot without rubbers.
Men's flne Lace Boots, In tan or
black,   with  rubber  hoels;   C
to 10.   Specinl at 9«.<I0
Men's Rubbers, 8 to 11......$1.35
Uoys'-Ttubbers, 1 to 5, nt....$1.00
Women's Rubbers, i>_ to 7 $1,011
Men's   Woo!    Socks,    made    ill
England, at    *10c
Boys' Tweed Pants; special   65e
Children's Reefer Coats; special
at  $3.B»
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hals, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th annua
Phohe, Fairmont 485*
Your Vote and Influence
Respectfully Solicited
Selkirk School, Cedar Cottage.
Oddfellows' Hall, 30th and
Tomorrow is Election Day
1     CORNETT, J. W.
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at aU Government Liquor Stores
—la advertisement la not published er displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Government ef British Colombia
Every Home
Needs J0*1© the Remarkable
Remedy for the Relief of
Indigestion Suffering
Is Quick
Relief for
All Stomach
And Bowel
x Cartons
Guaranteed absolutely harmless,
this remarkable remedy will give
quick, sure relief from all stomach
and bowel misery as indicated by
JO-TO is a combination of natural mineral,
fruit and vegetable compounds, which has
the remarkable faculty of quickly relieving
indigestion disorders and promoting a lasting benefit to the stomach, liver and bowels.
JO-TO, used as a system cleanser, is unequalled in aiding nature in eliminating the
waste matter from the system. The action
of JO-TO on the bowels is gentle, with no
griping, and at the same time thoroughly
cleanses the entire digestive track.
Get a package of JO-TO today, keep it in
the house, and you, like thousands of others,
will come to depend on JO-TO to aid digestion and keep the system free from indigestion discomforts.
50c and $1
All Drug


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