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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 7, 1919

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 THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, A.ND B.C. f'LDEBATION OF I.ABOB
POLITICAL IINITI: VICTORf
]Z
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 10      EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 7,1919
iVTSSSr) $1.60 PER YEA!
A Mass Meeting Is to Be
Held in the Near
Future
Letter Is Sent to the Great
War  and  Army  and
Veterans
Navy
A meeting of the aoldiers and labor
committee that was originally called
by the Motal Trades CouncU last December was hold in tho Labor Temple
on Saturday, March 1
Delegates wero present from tho
Trades and Labor Council, Metal
Trades Council and tho Comrades of
tho Oreat War, aud two delegates representing a new organization of returned men, known as tho Soldiers and
Sailors' Labor Club.
Delegato Hardy waB elected as chairman. Communications wero read by
Secretary Leo from the Great War
Veterans' Association and the Army
and Navy League. Lengthy discussion
took placo among tho delegates on the
misapprehensions and misunderstandings that existed between tho returned
men of this city and tho labor organizations, and it was decided unanimously to appoint a committoe to draft
an open letter to the Army and Navy
League and tho Great War Veterans'
Association stating the facts in connection with a number of matters upon
whioh misunderstandings existed. It
was also decided unanimously that the
delegates ihould recommend to their
respectivo organizations that a mass
meoting should be called of soldiers
and workers to discuss matters relating to civil ro-estnblishmcnt of tho
returned men, tho meeting to bo called
undor the auspices of the organizations
represented on tho committee.
" Tho mooting adjourned to convene
again at tho call of tho chairman.
Tho delegates from tho Comrades of
the Great War wero H. J. Gothard, D
G. Montgomery, C. Squares, D. D. Mc*
Donald, W. Somerville and Comrade
Carroll.
Tho following is a copy of an open
letter sont to tho Greet War Vcteruns
and the Army and Navy Veterans:
*' For tho information pf thoso returned mon and other members of tho
working class who havo boon misled
B. C. Logg<|jB Union, Although the g ingest, Is
a Real L£ One
Such has beon tho -ucreaso in membership of this organization that the
claim is now mado that tho "Loggers"
top all other unions in tho province.
So rapid is tho growth that tho moeting on Sunday decided it was absolutely essential that the secrotary romain
at the headquarters instead of going
to the Calgary convention. Brother H.
Allman was elected delegate to nil the
vacancy.
It was also decided that tho three
delegates Bhould act as organizers en
routo to and from tho conventions.
Upon tho roturn journoy they will
sproad out and cover tho Eastorn section of tho province, gradually working Wostwnrd through tho Northern
Southorn and C. P. E. main lino Districts. To further copo with the particular requirements of thoso in the
logging industry and to act as a medium of information and inter-communication, a monthly bulletin will bo issued to all members as soon as the necessary arrangements for printing, publishing and circulating can be effectively organized, and a specified membership attained. In tho meantime
leaflets havo been printed giving information for members and enquirers
as to tho aims and objects and method of conducting tho business of the
union. Tho draft preamble as approved
by tho meeting, has been printed in the
leaflet and will later bo submitted to
tho entire membership for their consideration.
In futuro members producing proof
of sickness or accident, lasting over
a month will be exempt from fees during tho poriod of their disability.
Brother J, Smith was elected delegato to the Trades and Labor Council. Further roports show that tho Federationist is not being received in all
camps. If tho paper is not delivered
tho fault is at that end. All names, or
changes of address, received at tho oflico on or beforo Tuosday aro ontercd
on the mailing list for that week's is-
Coughlan's Desire a New
Agreement With Metal
Trades Council
At the last meoting of the Metal
Trades Council held on Wednesday
ovoning, H. Nightscales reported as to
tho progress made by tho Boyal Commission appointed to investigate Into
the shipyard dispute. Ho reported that
a temporary agreement had been made
with J. J, Coughlan & Bons to last until tho commission had completed its
report. Telegrams wcro roceived from
Senator Bobertson stating that tho
firms affocted by the Robertson Agreement had been advised of Adjuster
Macdonald's awards, and had been
urged to live up to the terms of the
agreement, but that tho government
had not tho power to enforce the
award. He also reported that Mr.
Bulger and Mr. Macdonald had been
on the stand to give evidence. He reported that Mr. Coughlan had commenced to sum up his case, and it was
hoped that the commission would terminate before many days were over.
Ho reported that Mr. Coughlan had
intimated that ho desired to have a
now agreemont with the counoil, for a
fixed term at a fixed rate of wages.
The council decided to enter into negotiations on the basis of tho agreemont already presented to the firm.
Delegate Alexander reported that
Bro. Dakers, president of tho Vietoria
council, had informed him on the phone
that the men working for Yarrows,
Ltd., Hutchinson's and tho V. M. D.
had walked out at 3 p.m. that day. The
executive was instructed to get in
touch with the Victoria council on the
matter. Tho Westminster local reportod that the Poplar Island yard was
paying the 2 3-4 cents increase.
The report of thc soldiors and labor
committeo was recoived and the
recommendation to hold a mass meeting was endorsed.
W. W. lEFEWIX TD
by atatementa appearing iu thc public
given:
1
AT MARY CLUB
ME8. TAYLOR
Vice-president Ladles' Auxiliary, 1, A, of H.,
convener of the  committeo  In  charge  of
the bonefit  concert In aid of Mrs.  Ctrr
and family.
WILL BE WELL
prcBs,   tho   following   statement
"Tho daily press roports of tho re-
eent meeting of tho G.W.V.A. statod
that tho committeo of that organization
that had been appointed to moot with
labor had boen discharged becauso thoy
did not wish to meet with throo of
tho delegates that had boen appointed
by tho Trades and Labor Council—
Kavanagh, Pritchard and Midgley. I
"(1) The reason given for not desiring to meet theso was that thoy had
beon chiefly instrumental in bringing
about the 24-hour strike of last August.
"(2) Tho press reports also said that
tho G.W.V.A. was willing to meet tho
Metal Tradea Council or organised
labor, but not these men.
"(3) The impression gained from
reading somo of tho papers was that
the Trades and Labor Couneil had
butted in to a conference without being invited.
"We realize that press reports aro
often inaccurate, but think that the
following facts should bc placed before
the returued soldierB and othors:
"(1) Deleguto Pritchard, one of tho
men roferrcd to, wns not in the city of
Vancouvor at tho timo the 24-hour
strike was declarod.
"(2) Tho Metal Trades Council is a
part of the organizod labor movoment
of the city, and cannot bo separated
from tho Trades and Labor Council because many of its members are dole-
gates to both councils, and all of the
unions composing the Metal Trades
Council, except ono, aro affiliated with
tho .Trades and Labor Council, aud thc
Motal Trudes Council was thc organization that gave birth to thc 24-hour
strike.
"(3) A conferonco between organized labor and the veterans' associations was arranged by tho Metal Trados
Council on Docember 7th, at which
the Trades and Labor Council was invited, und did send delegates, among
whom were Delegates Kavanagh and
Prltchard. Thc Army and Navy League
und the Comrades were also represented.
"Subsequently, December 14, a further invitation was sent to tho G. W.
V. A. by the secretary of the soldiers
and labor committee, and wo understand that tho question of electing a
committee was loft over till tho new
executivo committee of the G.W.V.A,
was elected. Tho subsequent appointment and dismissal of the committee
to meet organized labor is a mattor of
recent dato aud general knowledge.
Wo aro Informed the committee was
dismissed by a vote of 59 for to 41
against.
"At tho last meeting of the Trados
and Labor Council, February 20, tho
invitation of tho secretary of the sol-
diers and labor committoe was accept-!
ed and a committee oleetod; strange
to Hay, the threo men whom some of
the membors of tho G.W.V.A. and the
Army and Navy object to wore elected
at the head of the poll, and as officer)
of the council havo been elected three
times in the last eight months either
by acclamation or at the head of the
poll, so thoroforo they must represent
the opinions of the majority of tho
delegates to the Trades and Labor
Council, and as the delegates are elected by their local unions they must
represent the organizod labor movement.
"Recently a meeting was hold in
the mayor's offlco at which tho G. W.
V. A., tho Army and Navy League, the
Comrades, the Trades and Labor Council, the Federated Labor Party, the
Socialist Party of Canada and business men's organizations wero represented,  at  which  meeting  rumors in
One day last weok tho mail contained one hundred and fifty dollars collected by camp delegates from now
membors. Too much emphasis cannot
be placod upon the importance of the
enmp committeo and delegate system
being tho basis upon which this organization must be built; without such
a system wo would of necessity have a
body controlled from itB headquarters,
whereas tho plaoo of control is and
must be "on tho job;",Tho headquarters boing simply a centralized point*
whero the records aro kept, and tho
channel through which tho members
aro ablo to give and receive information, und have the instructions of tho
mombors as expressed at tho meetings
or through other mediums attended to.
To a greator oxtont than ovor beforo
tho working class needs effective organization and the only wny to securo
this is by overy educated worker getting in to tho scrap and doing his bit
to lino up tho other fellow. Tho unorganized worker is a menace to socioty,
as a whole, and the working class in
particular. Ho is more readily available to tho boss, upon thc bosses terms,
for ho Btands alono. It's no uso telling him that "an injury to ono is an
injury to all," for he considers himself and tho boss as having mutual interests and therefore feels assured that
no injury can come to himself from
any action of tho employer.
The danco held on Thursday last was
a tremendous success, tho top notch of
enjoyment was attained by all who attended, and the social committee and
friends who assisted with the arrangements wero tendered a hearty voto of
appreciation by tho meoting.
I
Working   Class   Problems
WiU Be Dealt With at
the Empress
*%• -   ■ ■. -
1 Thtj wdrKHs ffictng litany problems
today, the majority of which affect tho
working class chiefly. Many remedies
havo beon put forwnrd to solvo tho difficulties, which vary from capital and
lubor, get-togothor conferences to
wholesale shootings.
Noithor of theso methods solves anything. Tho solution can only bo found
by investigation along scientific lines.
To hear these things discussed in
plain working-plug language, tho workors should attend working class propaganda meetings,
Noxt Sunday W. W. Lefeaux will be
tho speaker at tho Empress Theatre,
the doors open nt 7:30; chair taken at
S sharp. Quostions and discussion invited.   Collection to defray expenses.
New Pamphlet Issued
The Vancouver Trades Council has
issued a now pamphlet entitled "Tho
Bolsheviki and the Soviets,1' by Albert
Rhys Williams, The price is ten cents
per copy. Organizations or Individuals
can get them at tho rato of $6.50 per
hundred in ono hundred lots.
LAUNDRY WORKERS UNION
WATCHING ITS INTERESTS
Plumbers and Steamfltters
Tho Plumbers and Stcamfittors had
so much business to transact at tho
last meeting that they had to adjourn
until Tuesday evening. Amongst the
mattors discussed wero tho resolutions
to placo beforo the B. C. Federation of
Labor Convention, nnd tho Western
Conference. Bro. Kirkpatrick was
elected as the representative nt tho
two gatherings. Resolutions calling for
the abolition of tbe censorship, and
the release of political prisoners were
passed, und the six-hour day proposal
was eudorsed.
Soft Drink Dispensers
Thc Soft Drink Dispensers Loeal
Union No. 670, is holding a dance tonight, Friday, March 7, in the Auditorium, 339 Pendor Street, West.
Everybody is invited to come und have
a good timo.
The general president, Bro. Flore, is
paying a visit to tho city on Friday,
Murch 14, and a joint meeting of Locnl 28, Cooks and Waiters, and local
676, Soft Drink Dispensers, has been
arranged for that evening in Room 404
Lubor Temple.
All members are requested to be pres.
ont.
connection with the Sunday night
meetings were cleared up. At this
meeting two of the three men to whom
objection has been taken, wero present,
and sat alongside of the representatives of tho Army & Navv Leaguo and
tho G.W.V.A. If it was* possible for
them to meet then, why not now*
Whoso Intorests ure being served at
this time by keeping apart thc veterans nnd organized labor?
'' The   representatives  whose   names
are attached to this letter contend that
the dead past should bury its djud.and
1I.uI  onrt   these whose interests U is
to keep the returned men aud   lubor
apart will raise the ghosts of tho past.
Verbally fighting again the battle-, of
tho Labor Temple or the   Longshore*
men's HaU will not find jobs for thi
returned men or the civil ion, nor will
it feed th-m or thoir families,
VW. A. ALEXANDER,
"H. S. NIGHTSCALES,
"8. J. GOTHARD.
"Representing the Trades nnd Labor
Council, Metal Trndes Council, and the
Comrades of the Great War."
Minimum   Wage   for    Girls    Under
Eighteen Will Bo Up for
Settlement
The following further sums have
boon received in response to the appeal
for funds issued by the Laundry Workers' Union on behalf of the girls unable to find work since tho calling-off
tho strike: lronmoldors Union,
$11.75; City Policemen's Union, $25.
The whole sum contributed hus been
expended, and thero are still a few
women and girls out of employment
The union has supplemented the fund
as far as it possibly can, but is now at
tho end of its resources, and unless
furthor funds come in, the holp will
hnvo to cease.
It hus been decided to hold tho gen*
oral mootings every second and fourth
Wednesday in each month, Room 403
Labor Temple being engaged, and
after each meeting a social danco will
be held, commencing at 9.30 and lasting until midnight. A good orchestra
has been retained, and invitation cards
are being sent out to ensuro a good attendance. Refreshments will be supplied.
It is with deep regrot that the union
records the dcuth of another member,
Mrs. Matthews, who passed away on
Tuesday evening and was burled on
Thursday at 1.30.
The minimum wage for girls under
tho ngo of IS years working in the
laundry industry will soon come up for
settlement. Tho union, fully alive to
tho situation, hus sent a letter to tho
Deputy Minister of Labor asking for
an interview and pointing out the
union scale for laundry workers which
is now in existence,
Many Organiaztions Affiliated With B. C. F. of
Labor
Six-Hour Day Will Be the
Outstanding Question to
Be Dealt With
That tho Ninth Annual Convontion
of tho B. C. Federation of Labor, to be
held in Calgary commencing Monday
noxt, and the Wostorn Conforonco
which will follow, will bo woll attended, is assured. Many organizations
have recently affiliated with the Federation as a rosult of tho offorts of Vice-
President Taylor, who has been on-
gaged in organizing work for tho last
two weeks. Over sixty delegatea will
leavo tho coast on Saturday morning,
special cars having boon arranged for
tho delegates to. travel together.
It is expected that there will be
ovor ono hundrod delegates to tho provincial convention, and the Western
Conferenco will be considerably larger,
as delegates will Dti*%'ti££(nfl9.-nfia4HUlV.
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
as well as British Columbia. Delegates
are also coming from Fort William,
as the trade unionists of that city considor that they have tho wostorn attitude ou the many problems that fnco
lubor.
Resolutions are already being received by Socrotary Wells, and from
all appearances the six-hour duy question is going to bc tho big issue at
both gatherings. Tho releaso of political prisoners and the lifting of thc
censorship will bo also prominent.
Victoria Carpenters Meet
Tho regular meeting of the A. S. U.
B. Carpenters, Victoria Branch, was
held on tho 29th. The usual routine
business was transacted, but tho delegates reports from central bodies caused moro disoussion than usual, owing
to the nearness of thc B. C. Federation
of Labor Convention. The six-hour
day proposal was endorsed. A speeial
meeting hus been called for March the
6th to vote ou thc proposed amendments of rules, as submitted by thc advisory Council. Business Agent Dakers of the Motal Trades Council was accorded tho platform, and gave an interesting address on the Vancouver
situation, and the general situation ns
regards tho two and throe-quarter con'
States  That  People   Are
Happier Than Ever in
History of Country
A Russian now in the elty, in eon*
vorsation with a representative of tho
Fedorationist, Btated that he was laat
in Moscow bIx months ago, and that
the statoment that tho womon have
been nationalized is untrue. He stated
that marriago laws exist, and that the
morals of' the pooplo are aB good if
not better than in any other part of
tho world. Discussing the position of
the people in that land, he said that
thoy were happier than they had over
been, and that the stories as to the ill-
treatment of tho professional classes
aro decidedly untrue, and that the educational facilities aro botter than they
over were, tho schools being open day
or night for the education of tho
people. Speaking of the supposed
atrocities, he statod that tho stories
in tho press of the Bolsheviki reign of
terror are nothing but fabrication, and
that at present the Bolsheviki army
numbers throe millions, and that by
May thero will be four million trained
and disciplined troops whioh will be
ready to defend the new democracy
from the attacks of all comers.
It might bo interesting to note that
whilo the Canadian troops are supposed
to be coming home from Siberia, that
munitions are still boing shipped to
Vladivostok.
More on the Murtz Case
PORT ALBERNI, March 6—Tho authorities hero havo evidently made up
their minds that Murtz has to bo punished for the nefarious crime of having in his houso that copy of "The
Melting Pot." Last night he. was
again remanded for a week despite tho
protests of Mr. J. E. Bird, his counsel, no doubt tho object being to make
tho expenae of tho defense unbearable.
Busy  Session of Central
Body Was Held
Last Night
award,
ted.
Ten new mombors wore admit-
Labor Defense Committeo
All members take notice thut the
next regular mooting of this committee
will bo held in the Loggers hull, 61 Cordova streot west, on Saturday, March
Dth, at 3 p.m.
President Winch and J. J.
Coughlan Present the
Two Sides
On Tuesday last President Winch of
the Central Labor CouncU, and Mr. J.
J. Coughlan addressed the Rotary Club
on the ever-present labor problems.
Chairman J. Watson in announcing the
main part of the day's programme,
stated that they wanted labor to get
everything it waB entitled to, and yet
not see capital handicapped.
With a view to this much-desired,
if impossible, consumation, they woro
to hoar short addresses from Preaident
Winch, representing labor, and.J. J.
Uoughlan, representing capital. Tho
two were to have ten minutes each, nnd
there was to bo no debate afterwards.
Presidont Winch stated that ho had
tho unwelcome task of butting into
such a pleasant gathering. HiB viows
might bo unwelcome to them, and they
might think they were not the views
of labor; but ho assured them that, if
he expressed other viows, ho would
ceaso to be president of tho Trades
and Labor Council after tho noxt general meeting. He waB not going into
detail, but would covor the ground bb
widely and as quickly as possible; leaving them to realize the situation as
most vital to their own- intorests as
woll as to those of tho community.
Broker Winch certainly mado good
use of thoso ten minutes. The present
method of production, ho pointed out,
wub for profit and not use; tho result
was starvation in tho midst of plenty.
The interests of thc capitalist and the
worker were antagonistically opposed,
and could novor bo reconciled. The
class struggle must continue as long as
thoy had two classes in society.
Referring to tho distinction drawn
between "revolution" and "evolution," he declared that evolution cov-
•erod tho wholo process, revolutions being simply specific instances of change
from what had gone bofore. "No Bane
human being wants bloodshed, and no
sano human being would stand in the
path of evolution," ho said.
As to tho idea of repression  it* was, B0„t j  L   -;,   f g^-.,, for
the man who didn't understand, thu g>I -__vi     in Ug ^^^ a o£
that thoy had to fear. No individual „Th *m , »p ,, •D,u_to%,e,ll
was rosiionsDe for tho chango or so-      , . ... .? V*"  '"J
dioty.   Moonoy and Debs had been put 8to ca,,thBt *hcr<1 WM0 °"*CT _**__
1"t. £..i it IX ««k» ™i t£.„ T..-L, a similar nature nearer homo than Baa-
in goal: Liobknoeht and Bom Liumi* k t0 ^viM tho imUMI._ 0, the *-n«n
bourg had beon dono to death; yot tho .*,""«' •»'"___* .' lE ____, _a
ate « ^A^issKS^iflB^
B. C. Electric Reform Association Comes Under
Criticism
Routine business was largely thc
order at last night's meeting of the
Trades and Labor Council. The Barclay Sound fishery inquiry was introduced by a communication from tb*
Barclay Sound Fishery Protection- Association, asking for the endorsation
of the councU in its protests agalnat
the use of seine nets. Tho council endoned tho position of the association,
A communication from McClure's
Magazine announcing that a series of
articles by Sam Gompers would appear
in this publication on labor questions
aroused tho hilarity of the delegates,
and the communication waa received
and flled.
Tho seeretary read replies to letters
sont to Individual shareholders in the
B. C. FederationiBt, Limited, which
stated that the holders of these shares
wero not disposed to part with them.
A communication waB reoelved fron
an organisation seeking educational
reforms, asking that the council appoint representatives to attend tht
meetings of this body. The request
was granted, and the council appointed
Dels. Kavanagh, Harrison and Hardy
to attend tho first mooting and to ref
port to tho council.
Banned Literature
The question of censorship and
banned litoraturo was again raised by
a communication from the Saskatoon
Trades and Labor Couneil asking for
tho support of the council in the pro-
tost that was being made againat the
Delegates to F.L. P.
Convention
(*- ^1h»kcr-d*nih«as-'<tf*-1rc&ri«g J Hh. old
man" on Sunday ovening next will
need to bo curly in attendance at the
Theatre Boyal. Permission having boen
granted to use song slides again, thoso
who onjoy singing labor songs will
havo tho opportunity.
At tho K. of P. Hall, North Vancouvor, Charles Lestor will address tho
mooting, and R. P. Pettipiece will bo
at tho Columbia Theatre, Now Westminster.
Miss Gutteridgo goes to Victoria at
tho request of that branch for its Sunday mooting in tho Labor Temple.
The Labor Forum convenes with the
school at Granvillo Hall, 941 Granvillo
Street, at 2.30 on Sunday afternoon.
Speaker next Sunday is Miss Faunt on
"Our Educational Systom." Children's
classes as usual.
Mr. Huywood will conduct a choral
practice at 4 o'clock following thc
school.
Orgailizcr Geo. Stirling reports considerable progress in the Okanagan district whero several locals arc in process of formation.
movemont had an e^nemUbarii wuSl^J^^^^
compelled it to go forward.   "The t^l** E*™^. J™<^ ■«&**
rest will continue and grew till tho
machinery of production is owned and
bperaftcTby"Ihff-co'ifimiihXQr ua wholtf,
and the principlo adopted.
If a man will not work, neither shall
ho oat.
Tito speaker again warned his hearers, "If you attempt repression, you
will inevitably bring into operation
thut thing which you dread." They
hud armed the mon' to tight in the war,
and they wero now different men, "Ono
weapon-we rely on," ho snid, "ono|
tho attitude of fhe Saskatoon Tradea
Couneil, and instructed tho delegates
\A9.*tto Western Conferenco to top-port
(he move to have tho censorship lifted.
A communication was received from a
member of tho C. E. F. stating that ho
was pleased to seo that tho central
body was putting up a light for froe
speech.
B. O, Blectric Reform Association
A communication was received from
(ho B. C. Electric Reform Association
giving tlio opinion that, thc officers of
weapon alone; that is, knowledge" It f fti's'treef aTd'ElectricalTunway'Bni"
ii-tin   fnr   Iii*.    Jiflftrnt-u     fori,    tn    "unilnr-I ..■              t   _t..    _.„___■_?    i ■-.
was for his hearers, too, to "understand the thing you are lighting for,
aud the thing you an; fighting
against."   (Loud applause.)
J. J. Coughlan, junior, evidently believes in using his head rather than his
fists. Recognizing that things hnvo to
be dono now-a-days by a judicious exer-
ciso of grey matter ond not by any
combination, however picturesque, of
uni nine stupidity und bull dog ferocity.
ployees wore opposing tho swing shift
system, and complaining thut tho Federationist bud refused to publish tho
statemont that hud been publishod
from this organization in thc daily
press of tho city. The executivo committeo recommended that tlie communication bo flled. .Delegate Wells stated
that the reason it wns not published
was because it wus a mutter that
should he settled in the Street   Rail-
Firemen Victimized
Great Bond, Kan.-—Stationery firo-
men employed by the Walnut Creek
mills were forced to labor 11 hours a
day until they organized nnd presented
an eight-hour demand. The committee
was discharged and a strike followed
this victimization. A local paper says
the troublo was caused by a "brutal
orgunizer who urged violence." The
unionists show that no organizer hns
been near thn plant or even in this city.
The   Railway   Carmen   urn   sending
delegates to Calgary.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, March 9—Musicians,
Sawyers and Filers, Soldiers
and Sailors' Labor Club, Haw
Filers' Association, Canadian
Bro. Railway Employees No.
50.
MONDAY, March 10—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Patternmakers, Upholsterers, Amalgamated Enginoers, Iron Workors,
Bakery Salesmen, U. B. Carpenters No. «17, Stroot Bail-
wnymen's Executive.
TUESDAY, March 11—Printing
Pressmen, Barbers, Amalgamated Curpenters, Machinists
No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, March 12—Gus
Workers, Metal Trades Council, Stereotypers, Boilermnkors
Examining Board, Hotel nnd
Restaurant Employees, Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Laundry
Workers.
THURSDAY, March 13—Loco-
motive Firemen and Engine-
men, Sheet Metal Workers,
Machinists No. 182, Caulkers,
Shipwrights, Paintors.
FRIDAY, March 14—Hotel and
Restaurant Employees, Pilo
Drivers nnd Wooden Bridge-
men, Jewelry Workers, Boilermakers Executive, Shipyard
I.uborcrs, Plumbers, Mill and
Fuctory Workors, Coopers.
SATURDAY, March 15-Bluck-
smiths.
Ho modestly waived any claim to bo wnv M(,„,3 -*■,,.,„. .„,*,    , •„ **.„      „„_
rognrdod .is theroprcucmtatWcot capl- H   „*„„,,* th t **, ,h ' ■
al, declaring <'I am moroly tho open* .,,.„  th_ ,.   ,      .     «    it
tor of capital   and administer funds in „„, ^J^;,],, „„,, nol „„*..
which come into my hands." M_ -j. _,,*. „„.,,,. „,„,     roforoI1(lum
He hnd no apology lor thei present ,,„<*   ,     *,    ,,„„„ (lk     .     ,,„ „„*._
compet.t.ve    struggle      tO     Which    he ., *,„.;        ,„„.    , ,     f
traced the   roubles nf the operator*as | ,,,*„   ,,    ,    „,,,„'„*,,,„;„„    }J .„r„cd
well as of the individual worker.   Tho   .
worker's lot, he admitted, was a con-j
tinuous strugglo to mnke ends meet, Delegate Hardy stated that tho
from the cradle to the grave. On the1 views of any Hcctioii or individuals
other hand, it was futile to look to the I* hould he published,
individual operator. He had to pur-j Delegate Pritchard stated that he
chase his labor—like any other ttoinmo- agreed with the management of the
dity—at the lowest possible cost; at paper, for if the practico of allowing
the same time, he eould only get BO disgruntled minorities 10 air their pur-
much for the product. For the remedy ; ticular views through the paper therft
they must look to the public at large— would bo nothing else in it. Delegato
through "proper legislation," snch as  Smith  said  that it was nol  the faot
j making "matrimonial slackers" bear » ' that then- was a dual organisation in-
j part of the burdon, otc.
!     Labor, however, only represented onc
f society; consideration must
LADIES' AUXILIARY
BENEFIT   CONCERT!
Committee  in  Charge Have Splendid
Programmo for Saturday
Night
Tho committee in charge of the benefit concert, for Mrs. Carr and family,
to be held on Saturday in tho Labor
Temple at 7.30 p.m., hus used overy
effort to give its patrons one of the
best programmes possible, detaits of
which ure us follows:
Selections by Wallace Band, conductor H. Pace; song, "Captain Mack," i a--.
B, Cranoj song, "My Laddor" (so- also be given to'tho others. The prelected), Miss M. Isdaloj piano solo,Uont machinery was "perhaps rotten
'^Whispering Among the I'ines," Miss enough," but it wns the only innchin-
Enman. j try ut present available.    If the war
Comic ono-acl sketch, "Aspirations had continued, the governments would
of Polly Maria"—Placo: Street in tho have spent millions mid millions more
slums of New York City. Characters: jn order to win it. "Now," he said,
Polly Maria (a household drudge), "We huve the hideous child of war—
Muriel Llpsoyj    James    Johnson  (her | unemployment; and .whatever it costs,
side u il Other organization t lint was the
question, but tho real issue was, what
was the purpose of the organizationt
He suggested that it was not so much
a mattor of tho swing shift, but tho
short Mui'l for ihv union.
Delegate Cotterill slated that a tr?
erenduni was to be taken on the question  of  the swing Shift   nJt  Snturdny,•
and that this action on the pnrt of the
union  was  being dubbed  Prussiunism
bowery beau), Hurry Cook. j tho monoy ought to be spent in obviat-f !''V ,,lf) fl-Hfruntlfld members, and that
Song,     "Thorn—In       Friendship's ing if.   Jf not. wo nre probably going ''_ was somothing new tn him to hear
Name," R. Palmer; selections, Wallace | to suffer us badly ns if we hnd not won j
Bund; comic song, "Thi? Banks of the
Silvery Dee," J. Melville; dance,
Highland Fling," Misses Elizabeth Mc-
Devitt,  Lilac  Hastings,  Bertha  Rich
ards; song (Angus Macdonald), " God j lending to "s
Send You Back to Me," Mrs. Robert-1 lem."   A bu
the war.
Cordial thnnks were tendered to both
speakers, und tho hope expressed that
thoy would have some more meetings,
tho referendum culled Prussian moth-'
ods. He stated that the editorial- <St
(he matter in the Critic wus untrue,
und that the Street Railway Men's
Union did nol intend to bury nny en\-
some solution of tins prob-;i,In.v,,° or" tho B- 0. Electric Railway
Send You Back to Mo," Mrs. Robert-j lem." A bunch of them button-holod Company, but that il looked after its
son; Irish jig, Misses Lilac Hastings, j Winch uud kepi him busy for another | mv" members. During the discussion
Evelyn Key, Mildred Richards, Edith j half-hour] it U hardly possible to doubt !'"' pwctlon of going to the press with
Blair; song, "Roses," Mr. Howie; that they nre earnestly seeking for in- Ihlornal dissensions was roundly de-
song. "My Ain Folks" (selected), struction, and it is just ns evident thut nouncod, and the Critic and the daily
Mrs.   Alston;  dance,  "Sailor's  Horn-  they renlly need it. press eame in for  some   cons idem We
pipe," Misses    Mildred    and    Bertha '  criticism.
Richards; song, "The    Auld    Scotch)     Carpenters and Shipwrights Idle    j    Tho    executive    committee    rocoro-
Songs"C (selected),   Mrs.   Kennedy;   j    T)ie Shipwrights nnd nil Curpenters'  ""',",r(1 that a fon»" decision of the
song, "Tho Trumpeter—Dcnr Old Pal locals ure now under the one districtP00""'
of Mine," Mr. Campbell; comic song, j 0OHncl]| llIM, win („ fllU|r(1 m(, „.p „amfl |
' Aeroplnne Mary" J, Melville; plan-  working card, Trnde is very dull, there
isle, Mrs. Noble; piper, J. Begg. Chair-: |„,;llff nmnv of both branches of   the
Barclay Sound Flsh Question
Owing to pressure on space tho continuation of the artielo headed "A
Conflict Over a Matter of Flab,!' has
been unavoidably hold over this week,
but will appear in the next issue.
Machinists Ladies' Anxlliary
The regular meeting of the Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary was held lut
night in the Labor Templo. Mr, J.
Knvanngh Is to be Invited to speak at
the next meoting on March w.    Al!
man, E. Winch. j trade idle nt this time.
M'lk Drivers and Dairy Employees
Several new members signed up lust
meeting and the loenl decided to subscribe in n body for the Federationist.
Renders of the Fed, are asked to insist on the mun delivering their milk
hnving a ratd.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Next, meeting Wednesday, March .12.
As there is n vacancy on the executive
committee tn be filled,    nil    members
should attend.   Dixon Bros., Robertson
members nro requested to make a spec-   & Hackett and Bennett's Transfer aro
ml effort to attend this meeting.        j mtill on the unfair Hst.
to tlio effect that no oftlcor
of tho council shall flpoak at any gathering without the consent of tho executive or the council, be reaffirmed.
This was adopted.
Now pamphlet Published
Secretary Midgley in his report
stated that a new pamphlet had been
published by the executive, the title*
of whieh is "The Bolsheviki nnd the
Soviets." tie also reported on hl»
efforts to secure a new wage scale for
the Coopers, and ns to his attendance
at the meeting between thft soldiers •
and representatives of labor. The report was adoptod.
The hospital committee rnp«rt<*J
that a full report would ho presented
at the next moeting.
The committee appointed   to   deal
(Continued on page 8) PAGE TWO
ELEVENTH YEAH.    No. 10
THE RRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. c.
PBIDAY .....March 7, 1919
Reasons Why
You Should Buy
Twin Bute Brand
Work Garments
—the CLOTH is the very finest and long
wearing.
—the BUTTONS are rivetted on and will
not come off.
—SEAMS are double-stitqhed throughout
and will not rip.
-FLY AND POCKET FACINGS are continuous and won't tear.
—DOLLAR for DOLLAR they are the best
in value.
Now that we have told you why
you should wear TWIN BUTES,
please ask for them.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
UP TO $40
Men's Suits *?
-AND-
Overcoats
SATURDAY
Ten per cent, discount to all soldiers and sailors.
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
ARNOLD&GUIGLEyf
':     "(filestore thats alaiays busy" *
546Granville St546.
MIW UPSTAIRS
TTOrrTESrSTTOF
SLATER'S
QUALITY - SERVICE - FREE DELIVERY
Canada Food License No. 8-22774
SJator'a Sliced Slri-uky Bacon, Ib. 4fic
Slalor's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 60c
■Slater's Sliced Ayslilro Backs, lb. 40c
Slater's Rolled Aysbiro Bacon, lb. COc
Slater's Sliced Bonoloss Boll, lb. 40e
Finest Fresh Meat Hamburger, lb. 26c
Finest Pork Liver, S lbs. for  25c
Finest Beef Liver, lb -. 20c
Finest Oxford Sausage,  lb 35c
Finest Beef Saasnge, lb 26c
 BgflBE smikl	
Finest Oarnatlon Compound Lard,
Reg.   BOc  lb.,   Saturday  morning
from fl to 11, special, lb 26c
Limit 4 11)*4.
FRESH POBK SPBOL-ff
Finest  Pork   Shoulders.    Rogular
28$&o lb.,  Saturday   only,   per
lb _  22yac
From S to 11 a.m.	
Mild Canadian Oheesii, lb 3Bc
Strong Canadian Cheese, lb 36c
Finest Snlt Pork, 11» -....38'/ac
QUOOBRY   DEPARTMENT
Blue Ribbon Tea, lb 55c
Nabob Bost Tea,   lb 55c
Nabob Best Coffee,  lb 55c
Tomato Ketchup, large bottles ....20c
Pork and Beans, 8 for  25c
 zbs msm j
U.  8. Fresh  Eggu,    Rogular 60c I
Pit dos., Sat, only, 2 dot. ____5 \
JAM SFS0IXS I
Finest Apex Jam, 4-lb. tins. Reg.
70c,   Saturday only  60o j
Finest Dairy Butter, lb 45c
Fino Alberta Butler, 3 lba. for $1.60
Finest Alberta Butter, 3 lbfi. for |1.85
BAOON   SPECIAL
Finest Sugar Cured Streaky
Bacon—Keg. 48 ¥_c lb., Saturday only,   lb.   43-VaC.
Whole or half.
Fry's  Cocoa, 2  for  ,
Lip ton'b Cocoa, 2 for 	
Salmon, large tins  _ ,.it»c
Sardines,  3 for   25o
Finest Peanut  Buttor. lb 26c
 46c
 43c
..15c
■eanut  Buttor. lb 25c
TEA "SPECIAL
; Slut-.-r's   Oreen Labol Tea.    Reg,
BOc lh., Sat, only, 3 lba. for 86c
Nabob Baaing Powder, 1-3-oz. tins 20c
Bggo Baking Powdor  20c
Ciiristle'B Sodas  36c
Dutch   __&  Rusks 25c
Shaker   Salt    lOo
Yeast CakeB   5c
Small White Beans,  lb 10c
Finest Split Pens, lb 10c
■Pearl Barley. '_! tha. for  _...25c
-Sunmol'l   Hiii.tiii...   pkt 15c
Pin,'  Prunes.   Ib 15c
"Sunlight  Snail,   4   for    26c
Lif'.buoy B'tnp, 2 for  15c
fl. C. Sugur, 18 lbs  fl.00
SLATER'S THREE BIG STORES
a_3 Hastings Street East Phone Bey. 3262
830 flranvl'l-! Street Phone Soy. 860
S2(W Main Street Phone Pair. 1683
NOTICE
Wn (ioltvor your kooiIb FREE,
Vancouver, l'ulnt flrey. South
Vnncoiiv.T,   Biirnahy,  OojUngwood.
The Time yAey/hoppingdayinthe
The Pla.Ce I" our Economy Basement
The Goods "steelite" boots
FOB BOYS* AMD GIRLS' SCHOOL WEAR
Guaranteed solid leather insoles and counters, and has whole
one-piece vamp under toe caps, double leather soles, uppers oi*
Scotch grain, made by most experienced shoe makers; built
specially to our order lo withstand the roughest of school wear.
Macte in sizos for
boys, 1 to Ji, at	
$3.95
Mado in sizes for  d*0 QC
youtH 11 1fl 13, at V*b>i79
Made in sines for   "-No  aa
misses, 11 to 2, nt... <4>0,Ul/
Mado in girls' sizes, An   A __
8 to 10K*, at <4>-_i»4u
"THERE'S DOUBLE THE WEAR IN EVERY PAIR'
Kboot shop jm
;i0 H4STfSGSSTW. ^ *'______5
MINERS AND I
Fernie Miners Pass Resolutions Covering Many
Points in Act
Tlio Gladstone! local of tlio Unitod
Mino Workors, Fernio B. C, passed tlio
following resolution ut tbo laat mooting. It is expected that tho mattor
will bo plnced boforo the coming Provincial Federation of Labor convention:
"Whereas, the purposo of tho Workmen's Compensation Aet was to establish a form of state insurance for furnishing to workmon in industrial pursuits a reasonable measure of compensation;
"And whereas, the eoal mining district is olaaaod as ono of tho most
hazardous iu the province, and is boing assessed at about thc highest rate;
"And whoreas, payment on such assessments havo resulted in a surplus
being formed in the Workmen's Compensation Board, enabling such board
to use it for other purposes, such us
loans to tho government;
"And whereas, it is believed that
loans so' made have been used in the
purchasing of oortftin lands in tho
South Okanagan district, which lands,
in thc opinion of this meeting, should
havo been expropriated by the province, for the reason that the said lands
woro acquirod by the owners by questionable methods, aa alleged by supporters of the government of 1016;
'' And whereas, administration of tho
act lms proved disappointing to the
workmen, inasmuch as the compensation capablo of being allowed thero-
under is not adequato;
"And whereas, the purchasing power of the dollar, as compared with prewar times, is only 43 cents;
"And whereas, the compensation allowed to widows and orphans fails entirely to provido the barest ueceasitios
of life;
"And whereas, thc government has
seen lit to propose an amendment to
tlie Compensation Act to incrcaso the
salaries of the members of tho Workmen's Compensation Board, forgetful
of the rights of tho dependents;
"And whereas, tho Workmen's Compensation Board has a Kaisor-liko powor in administering tho aet, such power
being in opposition to tho ago-old ideas
of British justice;
"And whereas, tho workman or his
dependents havo no option but to submit to tho decrees of the board;
"And whereas, there ia no representative of thc board in the District of
Fernie;
"Aud whereas, the District of Fernio provides moro revenue many times
ovor por capita than any other part of
tho province;
;Be it therefore resolved that thia
moeting plnces itself on record os being in favor of the board being repro-
aentod in the Fornie district by permanent representatives;
"Aud bo it further resolved that the
compensation to tho dependents be increased ono hundred per cent;
"And bo it further resolved that the
workmen havo the option of taking
proceedings at common law in caso of
serious injuries and where it is suspected negligence oxists;
"And bo it furthor resolved that tho
act be amended to allow appeals from
the decision of, tho Workmen'a Compensation Board to1 the Court of Ap-
peal."
HOW THE PROFITEERS SIDELIGHTS ON THE
Some Startling Revelations
Regarding Alleged
Patriotism
$7.20 PUB WEEK IS SET AS
MINIMUM   FOR   WOMEN
New South Wales Arbitration Court
Gives Severe Blow to
Arbitration
It only wants a few more judgments
liko tho recent alleged "living wago"
judgments delivered by tho New South
Board of Trade tribunal to givo arbitration ia Australia thc death-knock.
When the' Holman capitalistic government displaced tho Labor Government
in New South Wales, ono of tho first
acts was to sot about creating a board
of trade in order thnt a "deuont"
wage might be arrived at for male and
female workers. It appointed a judge
as chairman of thia board, with two
representatives of the employers and
two alleged representatives of the workers. .Recently we hnve seen tho re-
utlt of thoir labors.
After taking considerable evidence,
tho highiy paid assessors of the board
came to the conclusion that $14.40 per
week was a living wago for male workers with families, while half thia
amount ($7.20) wns u living wago fo"
fomalo workers. During the hearing of
tho inquiry, witnesses were subjected
lo most minute inquiries as to how
much thoy arc, whnt they have -spent
on amusement, what their clothing cost
them, and how much pocket money
they wore used to weekly—in tho ctuto
of women, questions almost indecent as
to the cost of their underclothing wero
askod. IP a woman or girl snid thnt
such and such an article cost this much,
she wns promptly nsked why sho
couldn't buy cheaper clothing, nnd so
on.
ft is not too much tu sny that tho
"living wago" judgments have completely disheartened the workers of
Now .South Wales, ami hns completely
shattered their faith in arbitration or
bargaining along arbitration lines nt
all. In fact at a recent moeting of tho
Sydney Trades and Labor Conncil, that
body decided that it would not offer
any further evidence beforc tho Board
of Trado, nor would it take any notice
of any judgment issuod by it. As a
matter of fact tho Sydney Lnbor Couneil spent some $5,000 in briefing a solicitor to watch its interests boforo tho
bonrd, nnd for nil lho good it done, the
money niight have boon thrown away.
It is yjcognlzed now that whatever evidence was placed before the board waa
futile as it appeared that the judgo
and his assistants had their minds
made up as to what they would do bofore the cases were doiilt with. It is
no wonder that the labor movement
tins decided that in future it will have
nothing to do with the Board of Trade.
Tho TradeB nnd Labor Couneil of New
South Wales (Sydney) has decided that
tho Board of Trade can offer no emancipation for tho wage-earners of that
country, and should bo ignored by nil
workers. On the other hnnd the industrial forces of thn country nre to bo
consolidated in ordor to secure tho
establishment of humane conditions
nud better wages than al present obtaining.
Socialist Member of Parliament Strips Off the
Mask
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
One of the very ilrst speeches delivered by Mr. Harry E. Holland, tho newly-elected Socialist momber of thc Now
Zealand Parliament, after his appear-
ance in that chambor, was a merciless
and trenchant attack on the profiteers
sucking the life-blood out of that country duriug (he war. His spooch, delivered nt the end of Inst October, but
only now released, was an eye-opener
for all who wcro privileged to hear it.
Some extracts are set out hereunder.
Ho said:
"The National Government of this
country was formed, we were told, for
the purpose of helping to win the war.
That may havo been the idea in tho
mind of the National Government members when they first camo together, but
they would seem to have entirely mistaken tho terms of thoir agreement.
Thoy appear to have camo to tho conclusion that thcir business was not so
much to help win the war as to win the
war profits.
A Kobbei?' of $90,000,000
Prior to war breaking out, New Zealand had three great customers for her
wool—England, America and Gormany.
The Nationalist Government secured
for the wool kings of New Zealand an
increase of 55 per cent, abovo pre-war
prices for wool, and thus wrung from
the people of England war profits on
wool up to tho end of 1917, amounting
to about $90,000,000.
Early in 1917 the British Govern
ment offered the wool owners of Now
Zealand a 60 per cent, increnso on pro-
war prices, and tho Now Zoaland wool
kings aaid in effoct "Wc know that
tho wool is wanted for war purposes,
but you shan't have our wool unless
you consent to pay 55 per cent, more
for it than Germnny paid for it before
tho war." And with this demand, the
prime minister and tho ministor of
Finance wont to Englnnd and got tho
55 per cont. highor prico demanded for
the wool in times of war, than Germany paid for it in timea of pence.
Profits ou Butter
The war profits on butter to the ond
of 1917 wore over $12,500,000. Thc
British Government offered New Zen-
lund $31 per hundredweight for butter.
This the New Zealand butter kings refused, and a demand for $35 was made.
Evontunlly they consented to aell nt
about $31.50, with a proviaioa that
half the profits that would nccrue from
tho sales of butter in England would
be handed over to tho Now Zealand
capitalists. This half-profit meant no
toss than $4.40 por hundredweight,
bringing tho prico up to about f3G.
Thoro ia now a proposal to lift tho
price of buttor to $30.25. Tho pre-war
price of butter wns $21.68 per hundredweight.
Any ono who had communication
with Englnnd knew that thc pooplo of
that country wero almost on the verge
of starvation—that thc womenfolk
stood in long queues waiting for an opportunity to get a quarter of a pound
of butter or margarine, and they did
not always get it, even when they had
the money to pay for it. If thc secret
commercial figures are examined which
were recently issued in New Zealand,
it will be found that for the flrst oight
months of 1917, with 43,380 hundredweight of butter less than for tho first
eight months for tho previous year,
$245,000 more was recoived for the decreased quantity. A case of less buttor, more profits.
Cheese and Beef
The war profits on cheese were at
loast $11,250,000 up to the ond of 1917.
For the first eight mouths of 1917, according to tho secret figures issuod,
New Zealand shipped to England a decreased quantity of choeac to the extent
of 82,199 hundredweight, but for which
au increased amount of money amount-
ing to $2,720,000 wns received! What
nnswer hns the New Zealand Government to that?
The war profits on beof woro over
$35,000,000, and when the New Zealand
nmbnssndors enme from England to
their own Innd, they wer^snying how
sorry they were that thoy eould not
squeeze as lurge n price out of England
as they could have got if the Argentine
hnd not been in competition with thom.
Tho war profits on mutton were nearly
$40,000,000; while tho war profits on
Inmb ran well into $11,250,000.
Then there is the question of schee-
lite. Sclioelite was supplied to Germany before tho war at $526.60 per
ton. Germany was cut out na a customer when thc wur came along, and
Englnnd appealed for scheelite for war
purposes. Immediately tho price jumped up to $713 per ton, later it went to
$812, Towards the ond of 1918 it was
round about $1100 per ton. The Now
Zealand "patriots" sold it to Germany
before tho u-ur ut $520.50 per ton, but
from Englnnd fighting to protect them,
they nsked $1190 per ton. And that
was done with the assistance of tho
New Zealand Governmont.
Sheepskins—a Rise of 100 Per Oent.
Prior to the war, New Zonlnnd supplied tho German market, as well as
the English and American markets with
sheepskins at a price of somothing
about 13% cents per lb. A year nfter
the war broke out the price was 15&
conts per lb. When thc Gnllipoli campaign was proceeding, hundreds of
Austrnliun nnd Now Zealand soldiers
were being frozen to doatli in the
trenches because they hnd not sufficient
warm clothing. Later on tho British
Government wanted New Zealand
.sheepskins to mnke into vests fur tho
soldiers in winter trrnehes, and immediately the prion of sheepskins was
skied to 32 cents per !ti—(in advance
of well over 100 per cent. Although
compared with n like neriod in liUfi,
the first eight month!! of 3917 showed a
decrease weight of sheepskins sent to
Frank   Farrington's   Proposal for a Six-Hour
Day Is Endorsed
s Many important matters wero care*
fully reviewed. An oxtraordinaryly
fino di'acusion ensued on a motion calling for the abolition of tho contract
systom. It was finally agreed that tho
systom la detrimental to the best interests of the wago workora, but realizing tho "drop in the bucket" that
District 18 membership forms, it was
decided to carry on tho propaganda for its abolition aB a goneral
thing, whenever it ean bo brought
about, It boing a quoai.un of the workers proporly understanding their position.
Among thc constitutional chongos
agreed upon was tho abolition of the
neutral scrutineers in district elections,
biennial conventions instead of annual
conventions, and biennial elections.
The officers elect will be for a one-
year term. This will bring tho district convontion on altcrnato yoars.
There is considerable merit in tho proposal, as hitherto an officer newly
elected was possibly facing tho negotiating of a wngo scale upon his first
few weeks in offico.
The main quostion was a question of
the renewal of agrocments, the ono existing expiring ou March 31. Tho delegates wcor advised that a policy committee meeting whoro representatives,
(up to 8 in number) from all districts
would convene at Indianapolis on
March 18. It was thereupon decided
that thc operators be approached with
a view to extending the contract as
existing at presont. H. C. L. commission award being paid on tho wages.
This is being dono so that District IS
could/ prosent ita demands with somo
degroo of uniformity with tho minors
of tho U. S. and possibly the BritiBh
Isles.
District 18 committee to Indianapolis are: P. M. Christopher, district
president; Bobort Livott, international
board member; Frank Wheatley and
Alex. Susnar. International Organizor
Dave Rees will also attend. A moeting
was held on Friday last at Calgary.
Fuol Director Armstrong presided between the operators and minors' representatives. Tho meoting was absolutely unprecedented in its character, the
best of good fooling prevailing
throughout. Tho operators agreed to
postpone negotiations pending tho
meoting of the policy committeo at
Indianapolis, A meeting is to be arranged as soon as possible aftor the
roturn of District 18 representatives.
District 18 representatives woro instructed to endorso tho proposals put
forward in a circular by Frank Farrington, president of tho Illinois
Minors, for a six-hour day and a five-
day wook, among othor changes
sought..
See the new
Spring Styles
"FBOM MAKER
TO WXASER"
—The Famous offers you Quality and Style in Ladies'
Wearing Apparel tbat ean't be excelled—Senriee and
Priee tbat can't be equalled. t
Boady-to-wcar garments—now arrivals placod on display daily—tem
our own factory*—from Eastorn fashion centres.
Made-to-measure servico—largo stook of choice fabrics—made to year
measure—any pattern model in our stock—any special design yon prefer
—all work dono promptly—in our factory right on our premise*—guaranteed as to flt and satisfaction.
FAMOD8 IN PIT—FAMOUS IN STYLE
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near Oranvllle
pooplo for things thoy could not help
(-) that many enomy subjects, and
men who woro bom in Australia of
Gorman or Austrian parents, have married Australian women and havo families born in Australia (5) that their
continued internment must cause incalculable anxiety and suffering to
many innocent women and childron:
Thereforo, believing in the golden rule
of doing unto others as we would like
to be dono by, wo carnostly recommend
to tho Australian Commonwealth government that all enomy subjects in*
terned in Australia on no other ground
than that of thoir nationality, be immediately released .
As was to be expected, the resolution has caused quite an uproar among
tho jingoes of the Commonwealth of
Australia.
Patronize  Fodorationist  advertisers.
England of 5,221,867 lbs., but an increasod prico of $2,101,035 was exacted.
What patriotism?    ,
If the war profits on goods produced
in New Zealand are examined it will
be found that these amount to $87,-
500,000. That is for goods locally consumed in New Zenlund. Taking tho
goods made in Now Zealand but exported to England for war purpoBOB, it
will bo found that up to the end of
1917, tho New Zealand profiteers exacted no loss than $140,000,000 in wnr-
time profits.
Mr. Holland continued: "I would
suggest that tho New Zealand Government should refrain from calling thc
Labor Party names us it has done in
thc past, and furnish an explanation
why it haB allowed tho profiteers of
Now Zealand to rob, not only England,
but tho peoplo of New Zealand as well.
Calling tho Labor Party names docs
not win elections for tho New Zealand
Government—at least it has not done so
at thc recent by-olections. The Government had no cuse, and could not make
one, aud instend of answering the
chargeB levelled ngainst it, started in to
call tho Lnbor Party names. We wero
referred to as Bolsheviks, Sinn Feinor
Anarchists, but tho Government didn't
renlly know what those terms meant.
Tho time for name-calling has gone, nnd
wc of the Labor Party aro determined
that the Government shall faco the
chargos which we shall level ngainst
them. What; explanation have they to
offer for the wool profits, fhe butter
profits, the cheese and meat profits, or
of wnr profiteering generally.
"What have they to say?"
Mr. Holland's brilliant exposure of
the New Zealand Government and the
manner it supported tho profiteering of
the capitalists of that eountry cnused
quito a sensation in New Zoaland nt
tho time.
Enemy Entemeos ln Australia
There has been considerable fooling
engendered in Australia owing to the
action of the Hughes government in
roleasing a few influential wealthy
Germans from internment whilo retaining In tho concentration camps the
naturalized workers who, though Gorman by birth, havo lived the beat part
of their livos in Australia, nre reputable citizons and who in most cases
havo Australian wives and children.
Tho Labor Council of Now South
Wales recently passed a motion on the
matter to the following effect: "That
this council, aftor careful consideration of the internment of enemy subjects, and bearing in mind and agroo-
ing with President Wilson's statement
that tho Allied government's quarrel
was only with tho Gorman ruling class
and not with the common pooplo of
Germany, and recognizing (1) that
tho enomy subjects in Australia wore
not responsible for tho wnr (2) that
they had no choico as to being born
in what havo sinco became enomy countrios (3)   that it is unjust to punish
You will not
be "soaked"
q So many peoplo neglect their
oyes oven when thoy know
they should have them attended to—when they know
thoy " should bo wearing
glassea—because they are
afraid they will be overcharged—and becauao of the
uncertainty of the cost.
4 I want any of you union men
who feel that yon may require
glasses—you or your wives—
to come in and let me examine your oyca. Let me tell
you what is wrong—if anything—what it will eost to
give you glasses that will
make seeing and living more
comfortable.
i| My optical servico is thu
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Seymour 1995
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
MB OBANVILLE STBEET
Bolow Drjadato'a
ORPHEUM
"theatre11
n-AYINO OBPHIUM OIK
OUIT VAtroiTOLl
Matinee „ ... 2:10
■veningi .„ t'.ii
What'a in ■ Name?
To renderlHe tk. word "Orphsuo"
muni tko belt In too world—to Van*
00-iT.r tho
Orpheum Cafe
neul Ue boot eetlng place la town;
nolle tnd daoolnv In tke erenlnc.
Drop in eny Ume. Blrfeit anion
home In Veneouier.
ret anirriLUi     opp. orphtw
Lleenii No.  10-17M
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Limited
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It is in no boastful spirit
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For we entered the silk
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It has been our duty to
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TheBe now being shown
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standard.
26-in. Natural Pongee, yard,
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34-in.   Natural   Pongee   at
65c, 85c, 95c, $1.15, $1.35.
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852 OBAMV1LLB STBEBT
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For Union Mra
156 BASTONM STBEET WEIT
Phono Sty. 036
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VANCOUVER — UNION O ABD
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630 Omnrille Stmt
119 Hittlnie Sunt Woll
PASTIME
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UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block Wost of Court Bouse
Use of Modern Chape) and
Funeral Parlors froe to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymonr 2-26
ABOVE!
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te nreon Gobc
aceo. mm
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OmOIAL    PAPBE    VASOOUVEB
TBADBS  ASD  LABOB   001JS0IL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL   FAPBB   BBITISH   COLUMBIA   FEPBEATIOB   or  LAMB
ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 10
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 7,1919
(Hi Vinco»e:\
Oity. $2.00 )
$1.50 PER YEA1
Cogs in an
important wheel
Every ono of your teeth is a valuable cog in an
important piece of machinery—that machine
your body. When you lose one tooth you
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<J Finest materials—most skilful workmanship—lowest pricos. ThiB iB my
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Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
809 TO 315 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Our Boys' Department
is the oldest established in the oity. All the new styles in
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rreik Oit Flo-iron, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, it-
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YOUNG MEN'S SHOES
We are showing the newest creations in SHOE
STYLES for YOUNG MEN.
We've just tho sort of SHOES that appeal to the young man
who takes an interest in his personal appearance; blaek or
tan leathers in the newest styles for Spring, 1919.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 Granville Street
Vancouver's Union Shoe Store
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIERS AND THEIR FAMILIES
CROWN AND
BRIDGE WORK
—tho form of dental work whicli roplaces your defective teoth
with exact rcplieus of tho original—using as tho foundation for
thc work the roots of tho natural tooth-—the work becomoa an
integral part of tho dontal arch.
I specialize in this form of work.   Call and let me explain my methods
and show you illustration of my work.
Pbons Seymonr 3831 rv       r_\      .,     A     j
ra., «im. uk.., io,...       Dr. brelt Anderson
jmiMte.   KlTen;   Viotorj Crown and Bridge Specialist
£"!!?".£ "'"'"   «02 Hasting. St. W.  Oor. Seymour St.
Office Open Tuesday aad Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
T. B. HILL
BEGINNING Saturday, and for the following week
we are offering special prices on BOYS' SUITS.
We have now our Spring Goods in stock, which comprises the nicest range we have ever shown.
Following are a few of the prices which means dollars saved on every suit.
Our range values to $12.50 for $ 9.50
Our range values to $16.50 for $13.50
Our range values to..! $18.00 for $14.50
These are genuine reductions, and well worth your
consideration.
Our range of Men's Suits comprises the most complete line of reliable goods in the city.
117 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Capitalistic Inquiry Into the Bolsheviki
******    ******    ******     ♦***+*    ««*««*    ******
Miss Bryant Receives Rough Treatment by Antagonistic Inquisition
Tho United States Sonato Judiciary'
Committeo which is holding an investigation into Bolshevism, is to say tho
loast partial to thoso that aro against
tho Bolshoviki. The treatment handed
outt to Louise Bryant, the author of
"Six Red Months in Russia" waB so
rough that the audienco protested. She
was examined and crosB-oxamlnod aB to
her belief in Ood, and religion, Hiss
Bryant resenting tho treatment she
waB subjoctod to, asked if sho wero being tried for witchcraft.
"Do you beliovo in God?" cried
Senator King, as Miss Bryant hold up
her hand to stato that she would "tell
tho truth, tho whole truth, and nothing
but tho truth, so help your God."
"Do you beliovo in the Christian
religion?" yollcd Senator Nelson.
"Answer tho question-—Do you bo-
liovo in a God?" insisted Senator
Overman, who comes from North Carolina, whero with tho assistance of the
state legislature and tho god, tho cotton mill capitalist grind the bodies of
immature children into dividends for
tho parasitos who own tho stock.
"Do you bolieve in a future punishment?" asked Senator Wolcott.
Hiss Bryant appeared thunderstruck
at tho fact that beforo a senate committee a religiouB test should bo applied to her as a witness after in the
neighborhood of 00,000 American soldiers havo sacrificed their lives to
"make domocracy safo." Smilingly
sho asked the committee if sho was
boing tried for witchcraft. At this sarcastic and well-merited sally a ripple
of applause came from the women who
filled the committeo room, and whose
senso of deconcy and courtesy was outraged at the brutality shown by tho
committeo in applying the religious
test to Miss Bryant.' After stating- that
sho didn't aeo what the' belief or disbelief in a god had to do with telling
tho committeo what sho saw in Russia
as a newspapor correspondent and writer, Hiss Bryant told the committeo
that sho would bolieve in a god for
the duration of her testimony if tho
committee believed that such an acknowledgement would answer any public purpose. Thereupon the "oath"
was administered—and taken.
Then Senator King—acting, it is
supposed, on suggestions made by Captain Lester, of the Military Intelligence Division of tho War Department
(it scums to bo a function of Captain
Lester's division to hiro a lot of spies
all over tho country to inquiro into
tho personal and private affairs of
American citizens) who sits at tho side
of Chief Prosecutor HumoB and
prompts him with certain leading questions— aBkod her if sho had not been
married in Oregon boforo sho becamo
tho wifo of John Rood. Miss Bryant
smilingly admitted that she had been
married twice, tho expression on hor
faco indicating, however, that she
thought Senator King had better look
after his own family affairs and let
hor look after hers, especially innsmuch
as tho committee had mnde no inquiries of tho witnesses for tho prosecution relative to tho number of wives
they had sworn to love, honor and obey
cither in the Unitod States or in Europo or Asia.
Senator Nelson then boro down on
Misa Bryant relativo to her connection
with tho woman suffrage movement
and especially with the group of radical suffrago womon who havo picketed tho Whito Houso and burned tho
president's speeches and tried to burn
him in effigy as a protest against the
continued disfranchisement of women
in the Unitod States.
(Wcro you in that picket squad that
burned tho president's speeches?" yelled Nelson between chows.
'Yos," replied Miss Bryant proudly. "I wont to jail for that—I believo
in woman suffrago you know—and got
out aftor a week's hunger strike."
"'A 'hunger striko?' What's that?"
asked thc committeo in chorus.
'You don't oat anything," explained Miss Bryant. "You get weaker and
weaker from lack of food, and then
tho jail authorities let you out becauso
'cis and the Soviet government,
the Soviet officials would havo been
greatly pleased to seo Bobbins the
American ambassador in the place of
Francis.
"Did you not leave Russia aB a
'courier' of the Soviet government?
asked King, trying to get tho witness
to admit that she waB a representative of the Soviot governmont. Miss
Bryant explained that commissions as
"couriers" was given to all thc correspondents in Russia in order to make
it moro easy for them to do their work.
It did not mean that thoso who were
designated'as "couriers" wero in any
way connoctod with the Soviet government, but raeroly that the bearers were
entitled to certain courtesies which
private citizens would not receive.
Relative to tho so-called "nationalization of women" which certain of
the witnesses for tho prosecution charg-
od up to tho Soviet government, Miss
Bryant declured that tho "decree"
rcferrod to was posted on the billboards
in one of tho Russian towns by an anti-
Socialist, anti-Soviet anarchist club,
that the Soviot authorities had immediately torn it down and severely punished tho anarchists for having posted
it. Sho said that her authority for this
was tho statement by the'head of the
Y. M. C, A. in Russia, who was in the
locality at the time and know all about
it; and had published his denial of the
truth of tho statement mado by 'the
prosecution. Askod where the denial
was published, Miss Bryant said it had
appeared in tho New York Call.
"That is a Socialist papor, isn't it?"
Bneored Senator Sterling, tho tono of
his voice intimating that a statement
by a reputable official of tho Young
Men's Christian Association should be
regarded with suspicion because of its
appearing in a SociaUst paper.
"Certainly it is a Socialist paper,"
answered MisB Bryant. "Do you moan
to say it iBn't truo becauso tho statoment appears in a Socialist paper?"
she demanded with acidity.
"I am not on tho witness stand
young lady," domineeringly retorted
Sterling. The expression on Miss
Bryunt's features indicated that it was
her boliof that if Sterling had been
on the witness stand sho would havo
made him look liko a geometrical point,
which is defined as a placo without
size.
In spite of tho intimidation resorted
to by thc committee it was tho general conclusion that tho end of tho
first half-day's grilling of Miss Bryant
was a complete victory for a woman's
honesty and wit pitted against the collective hostility of tho sub-commit toe,
Mme Broskovskaya, who, in spito of
hor ngo, was expected to bo the star
witness for this capitalistic inquisition
into a working-clags domocracy, unexpectedly condemned the imperialistic
policy of tho Allies in Siboria.
Senator Storling nskod, thc witness
if sho favored allied intervention to
ovorthrow tho power of tho Soviot govornment. Not tho kind tho British und
French resortod to in Siberia, promptly replied tho witness, who explained
without mincing her words that the
French and British troops in Siberia
overthrew tho people's government in
Omsk and sot up a military dictatorship in its place.
Tho rovolution undor tho impulse of
tho Bolsheviki, practically all of whom
aro young men under thirty-flvo, pro-
coedod all to swiftly for tho witness.
Almost on tho brink of the grave, sho
could not accustom hersolf to revolutionary commissions with power to
quell rebellions of tho bourgooisic
against the working class government.
Although having lived for thirty-two
years in tho prisons of tho Czar or in
exile, her sympathies were excited at
tho sight of those samo prisons now
being filled with counter-revolutionists,
especially when somo of tho former
revolutionists havo been charged by
the Bolshoviki with working hand in
glove with tho present bourgeois counter-revolutionists.
Tho second session of tho subuomimt-
ce on the Sonato Judiciary Committee
they don't want a woman suffragist to °» -Bolshevism devotod to taking tin;
die on their hands." testimony of Louise Bryant was filled
Jubilant over thoir preliminary witft t,u'iI!s °f admiration at the plucky
third dogrco as having established tho 1WP° w°mun who brought a halt to
all-around belligerency nf tho witness,' ™"J ovlaant determination of the corn-
Senator King then took her in hand j mittco to bring tho hearings to n close
to trv lo show that sho did not oboy without permitting the friends of the
while abroad the oath she took at thn
Stuto Department when she received
her passport, tho witness having ngreed
not to participate in "political netivity" during her sojourn in Europo.
"Didn't you engage in political activities in violation of your oath?"
asked King.
"I helped to bring about the German revolution, if that is whnt you
mean," replied the witness.
"Don't bo so importincnt," snapped
Senator Nelson.
Undor cross-examination by Senator
King, who snid he wanted to "lay the
foundation" for tho inqusition which
tho committee hnd in view, tho following facts wero elicted from Miss
Bryant:
She was interested in tho international revolutionary propaganda which
the Soviet government shortly nfter it
overthrow the Kerensky regimo undertook'to demobilize tho Gorman army
on tho Eastern front by circulating appeals, printed in many languages, in
tho German trenches urging tlio German soldiors to refuse to invade Russia at tho commands of the kaiser's
militnry lords. Curl Radck was in
charge of this bureau. Recently Rndek
went to Germany to work agninst tho
accession to power of the Ebort group,
who, according to the witness, supported the kaiser during thc wnr. She went
lo Russia in January, ]|)17, as tho correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger
nnd the other papors known us the Bell
Syndicate. She saw the Kerensky
group rise to power, saw that group
overthrown and tho Bolshoviki party
nssuine control of thc governmont.
The Russian Soviet officials did not
have much use for Ambassador Francis; they thought he represented the
Amorican capitalists ruthor than the
Amorican people. Hnymond Role-bins,
head of tho Americnn Red CrosH, was
woll liked by tho Soviot authorities,
consequently RobbinH acted as the
menus of communication between Fran-
Socialist Soviet government of Russia
an opportunity to tell tho committee
what they know nbout the Socialist
government, Smarting undor thc treatment received from tho commiltee the
day boforo, Miss Bryant told Senator
Overman, tho ehnirman, tho first thing
thut us an Americnn citizen sho protested agninst tho "third degree"
methods mado use of by the committee in questioning her ubout Russia
and hor alleged espotisul of Bolshevism.
Miss Bryant hnd iu hor possession
whut she rogurded as unquestionable
proof that the committoe wus not playing fair with cither her or Albert Williams, or John Rood, or the othors
whose motives havo beon questioned
time and time again by tho witnesses
producod by tho prosecution and M'hoso
testimony gnvo riso to the suspicion
that much of it had been deliberately
framed up under thc sponsorship of
Chief Prosecutor Humes. It had boon
expected thnt tho committee would be
fair onough to pnrmit some of tho peoplo who wish tho public to know the
truth about Russia to come before the
committee aftor days and days of time
had beon consumed by tho prosecution.
The committeo hud oven ordered Williams to appear, On Thursday night,
howovor, after the conclusion of Miss
Bryant's testimony, a telegram was
sont to Willinms, thc telogram being
signed by Senator Overman, telling him
he need not come to Washington—Hint
is to say, he would not bc permitted
o appear before tbo committer.   Miss
to Chairman Overman against the unfair treatment and thrid degree methods applied to hor in comparison with
the courtesy whieh the committoe and
chief prosecutor had accorded other
witnesses, "I havo not beon allowed
to make ono sentence beforo this committee without rude interruption!" sho
exclaimed.
Hiss Bryant went further. She angrily charged the committeo with undertaking to bring the investigation to
a speedy closo now that tho witnesses
for the Czar's regime and the capitalist exploiters had beon hoard for day
after day. And she pulled from her
pocket and waved before Overman and
the committee tho telegram signed by
Overman and sent to Williams, cancelling his subpoena. She also charged
that the committeo had cancelled the
subpoena of Raymond Robbins, head of
the American Red Cross in Russia.
Evidently abashed at tho unexpected
uncovoring of what Beomod to bo little
less than a plot on the part of tho subcommittee to close tho hearing without
calling well-informed peoplo who have
recently returnod from Russia with an
entirely different story and imprcsBion
that the dozen anti-Socialist scions of
tho American capitalists which Major
Humes, with tho assistance of tho Government Spy Bureau known as the
Military Intelligence Division of tho
War Department, had schemed to get
boforo tho committee, Chairman, Ovor*
man mumbled something about delayed acceptance of the summons by Williams and Robbins as well as the necessity for bringing the hearings to a
closo in short order duo to the approaching adjournment of CongresB.
"But you havo had timo to hear
overy other person with a little pioka-
yunish griovanco against tho Soviet
government, while those who are hero
to favor self-determination and the
withdrawal of the Amorican troops aro
called traitors."
Chairman Overman suddenly stopped
the heatod exchango of complimonts by
calling thc sub-committco into an adjourning room for an executive session.
When tho committeo returned Ovor-
man told Miss Bryant she would be
permitted to make any statement she
desired to. Later it was announced
that John Reed, who spent somo time
in Russia, would bo called to the witness stand following Miss Bryant, and
thut Albert Rhys Williams, whoso
speech at Poll's Theatro brought about
tho hearing, would follow Reed. Without Miss Bryant's sensational lifting
of tho lid relativo to tho tolegram to
Williams and Robbins It is safo to say
tho sub-committco would havo closed
tho hearings with Miss Bryant's testimony.
Miss Bryant begaa her statemont
with a refutation of tho charge made
by the capitalist witnesses who had
preceded hor that tho Soviet government had nationalized womon. Sho
said that womon had tho samo vote as
tlio men in Russia under Soviet government, and it was tho height of absurdity to stuto thnt tho Russian women would vote to nationalize thomsolves. As indications of the consider
ation given to womon by tho Soviet
govornment sho stated that womon
wago carnors aro paid their full salaries for two months boforo and two
months after childbirth nnd that medical attention and nursing are supplied
freo during this poriod. The Soviet
Socialist government had abolished
child labor, which was moro than tho
cupitalist government of tho United
Statos had done, and womon were paid
tho samo wnges as men, for the samo
work, which was also more than tho
United States government had dono
for the working womon here. "Thero
never has been a country beforo where
women aro as free ns thoy are in'Rus-
sia," said Miss Bryunt, adding "that
it is a healthy country for a Buffraglst
to go to." Because somo littlo unimportant Soviet somewhoro in Russia declares in favor of tho nationnlizution
of women no more ostublishcs thut ns
a pnrt of the policy of the Soviet government than docs the fact that thero
are horo und there groups of Holly
Rollers iu thc United States establish
Holy Rollerism us one of the tenets of
tho United Stales government, or tho
fact that there are Mormons in Utah
mnke it correct to declnrc thut polygamy is one of the basic principles of
tho politicul order in America,
Questioned us to terrorism under the
Soviot regime, Miss Bryant declared
thnt sho hnd seen but littlo violence,
crime or terrorism, and that while she
was in Moscow nnd Petrograd the
streets were just us safe, excopt when
there was battling botwoon the Socialist troops and the Kerensky regime
troops for u few dnys during the November rovolution us wcro the streets
of any American city of similnr size.
tn spito of Chairman Overman's assertion that sho could go ahead and
mako her statement, Major Humes did
his bost to prevent Miss Bryant from
presenting hor facts connectedly, and
HnmoH was ably assisted in this species
of sabotage by the mombors of the
committoe. But by dint of persistence
Miss Bryant told her story and told it
effectively.
You Can't
Get Away
^4-
For MEN,
$35 up
from tho foot that Spring is here
, and you need, or will bo needing
/ almost  at  oneo,  a  now  ontdt
And you can't got away from the fact that
tho old OBtablishod B. 0„ your friend, acquaintance and atnnd-by of ton yean, ia tho
Houso you—working mon, mechanics, railroad and stroot car men—know how we've
SBited you—and your wives and daughters
also—suitably, satisfactorily, yoar after year;
how you've beon ablo to get just the style
and lit you wanted, and how uniformly excellent our matorluls have boen. Say! it'a something to know whoro to go to to got genuine
roliablo auits at a time whon the wildoat
Btatomonts and rashest promises aro being
put forward by concorns who havo boon in,
business littlo moro than the number of
months that wo havo years.
SUITS
The Pioneer
UNION
STOBE
For WOMEN,
$45 up
2* B.C. TAILORING CO.
CUSTOM TAILORS TO THE WOEKINO MAN
Established
1910
128  HASTINGS
STREET  EAST
Near Theatre
Boyal
THE MORTGAGEE'S INTEBEST
Thou, too, Bail on, O Gorman stato;
Your courso you shifted protty lato;
Now, ladon to your wator-line,
Tou daro tho galo and floating mine.
Wo want to seo her keop afloat,
Becauso wo own tho darned old boat.
—Syracnso Herald.
Nanaimo-Wellington
LUMP COAL
$10.15 per ton
A. L. ANIEL
Seymour 4422
THB     TB1EPHOHB     am>UU.TIO«
oam somas
...?'? I**-1 * omjUak the other dar tkat
Telephone, Information" conld not answer a qncetlon regudinf a person*!
phono number, the hiring repltod that
there wm no luting under the nam.
mentioned. It wu ueertained from the
enquirer that the penon wanted lire*
ln •> furnished houie and the telephone
was lljted under the owner's name, not
under tbe name of the tenant.
«_V ?, l'.or!°; hM .* •"•"Phona, jrou will
nnd that Information ean always air*
you the number.
B.   O.   TELE-HOHE   OOKFAHT,   LID.
I Phone Sey. 221 Day or Night '
Nunn, 'Thomson & Clcgg I
FtTNEBAL DIRECTORS
631 Homer Street    Vancouver, B.O.
Have them fitted the Wilson way for
best results.
Wilson's Twin Shoe Store
157-159 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Patronize    Federation ist   advertisers
awl toll them why yon do sn.
Barclay Sound Fisheries
Protective Association
AN APPEAL
Tii'- Barclay Sound Fisheries Protective Association Appeals to the public
for funds to help snve (lie fishing industry of Vancouver Island
Wo aru arrayed against thd combined
cannery   companies   with   their   groat
wealth nnd immense political leverage.
Bryanl  Imd a copy of'"ihis telegram      The full control of this industry Is in
in lief possession! j ^''' hands of the Dominion momhor for
As noon as tho second session was  ,1"' di»Mcf» »nd chief inspector of fish
opened Friday  morning, Miss Bryunl   0TT> '\ro!!>r!l w*0ln  thv™ .compan
nulied for permission to mako a brief
Btattfmont, which was only the same
courtesy ns had been accorded everv
other witness. Chief Prosecutor HttmoB
persisted in int emitting her so often
thnt the thread of her statement was
completely broken. Finally Miss
Bryant stopped abruptly and protested
enjoy privileges and concessiona which
ans a mottaeo to a permanent prosperity. Whilo these conditions exist, it is
hopeless to think of a population of
white fishermen earning n decent living
on our const.
Donations may be sent to Socretary,
Port Alberni, or any local branch of
Bnnk of Montreal. "•
Two of tlie best all-union eating-houaea in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
Wa Deaorra Trada Csi.in ratroiaj.
No. 1 No. 2
1 IO Cordova St. Wc»l, or 622 Pender W<*.\f
Less Expensive Than Home-Made Bread
"W"OU tannin afford to
■*■ tako thc time and
trouble, to say nothing of
tin* cost of materials to mako
f ri-.-h brooil every day at homo.
Vim ooti always (-•*( Bhol*
ly'a I *.\ Bread fresh, doing
away wilh tbe «tnlo left-over
broad, lho result of the lost
tch of homo-made broad.
Try u loaf today.
Canada Food Board Liconso 6-1001
SHELLY BROS. Limited
Phone Fairmont 44 PAGE POUR
eleventh year. No. io   THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B. C.
18. C. FEDERA
■PiWtifcfd *»»ery Fri<i»; morning by •■*•* H
P-sderatlontsi. Limited
t.  6.   Wells...
 M(tnaK--r
Oflee; Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir Bt.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 749B
Aftor fl p.DL,   &*ymi_T 7-49TK
febaeription Ratea: United Situs and
Pondga, 12.00 per yur: Canada, 91.50
(tor /mt: la VanoonT-T City. Iii,00 per
ftiST- lo Union* tiibicrlhins I* * tiwty
11.26 per member per just.
 .__ -WWW*.
■»^«*_V.-V«.-,*-*rt
'Unity nf Ltbor:
tke Hop* ot tk* World"
-■—-—-
FRIDAY	
 March 7,  1019
IT TOOK four years of tho most terrible warfare  to  make thu world
Bafc for democracy, and yot wo And
that  thoso thnt were most  useful in
carrying on tho wnr aro being given
everything   but   the
PRACTICE thing for which they
WHAT YOtT earriod    on.       Tho
PREACH. workors on the Clyde
In thc old land have
been receiving the portion that hus always been motcd out to unruly slaves.
They havo been treated to a dose of
force,  as  administorcd by the  state.
From press items  gathered from  the
Old Country papers, wc loam that when
a deputation of tho strikers' representatives went to the city hall in Glasgow, that they were kopt wniting by
tho Lord Provost, meanwhile thc crowd
in the streets was getting impatient,
as crowds will,  especially when they
are composed of people with a grievance, nnd rending tho press dispatches,
it would almost appear that prcpara-|
tions hnd boon made by the authorities
to break up the crowd, ns from all information to hand, thoro wero soldiers
and the necessary equipment to quoll
any disturbance in tho shapo of machine guns, etc., otc.   David Kirkwood,
tho man who in the early days of the
war, octed for tho workers, and was,
deported for his activities, along with
othors, was clubbed and arrested.   Tho
crowd resented   this,   and  at a lator
stago in the proceedings, tho authorities had to ask theso leaders, although
still under arrest, to speak to tho crowd
and to ask tho 'strikers to disperse.
Now it appears that Kirkwood was a
member of tho deputation to meet tho
Provost, and at the samo time he was
arrested for inciting to riot.      It is
quite possible that tho arrest of tho
men's representative was thc Btart of
any riot that took place, if there waa
any, oxcept that which was started by
tho forcos of law and order, when tho
polico charged tho crowd, nnd smashod
a few of the heads of tho working-
■class.   It is reported that Gallnehcr,
one of thc men's representatives, spoko
to the crowd from the balcony of tho
city hall, nnd bc it noted that tho presB
roports state that his hend was swath-
od in bandages.    After Gallacher had
apohen to the strikors, they marched
off to Glnsgow Green, and they were
headed by a number of returned soldiors.   And that is the onc thing that
■should bc notod by our returned men,
tho workers nnd them havo everything
in common, nnd they should, ns do tho
soldiers in the old land, realize this.
produetion nided by the lntest machinery, it takes very little time to produce
a workman capable of doing the most
highy skilled work. Yet in spito of
this development in industry, we still
soo the workers quarrelling over who
shnll do this or that job. The machinist says that a plumber or some other
mechanic shnll not do this or that job;
thc carpenter says that a laborer shall
not do this or that work in tho building industry. And so on all along thc
line. Perhaps unconsciously, the workers are getting the industrial organization idea into their hcuds. ThiB move
is in lino with progress. It lias been
■laid that trades unions havo restricted
output. This may or may not be truo.
It is not our funeral which over way it
is, but it is the business of thc workers to know just how far tho presont
form of industrial organization is in
agreement with the development of in
dustry,
*       *       *
The machines have brought the once
highly skilled mechanic to the position
whero he is nothing more or less than
u glorified common laborer. They havo
brought tho workers more and moro to
a common level, and yet the craft organization is still the form of organization tlmt is used by tho workers in
their efforts to maintain their standard
of living, and to resist the encroachments of capitalism. A great outcry
has boen made by many Labor leaders
in the old land, because thoir old-time
methods havo been rejected by thc
workers. Thoy have objected because
the trades unionists that have boen engaged in the larger industries have acted not ns trades unionists, but as men
or women working in ono industry, Tho
shipyard workers havo acted as a unit
in the shipbuilding industrial strikes.
They have not boon split up into so
many factions because of the fact that
they have been members of different
unions. Perhaps no bettor advico could
be givon than that contained in tho following oxcerpt from an editorial in the
Manchester Guardian:
"It is tolerably clear that the
existing trade union organization
docs not satisfy a large class, es*
pecially of the unskilled workors.
Whether it should be remodelled
on the basis of thc workshop, instead of occupation, is a matter for
the workers themselves to decide..
But unless and until it haB been remodelled to a form which commands their general support tho
existing organization is the only
one with which dealings can be
had. In their own interests, therefore, trade unionists would bo woll
advised to put their own houBo in
order. If they prefer disunion and
divided counsels they will inevitably have to suffer the penalties of
weaknoss.''
*       +       *
Tho dovolopment of the shop steward
system in the old land is the result of
the development of industry. Thc rank
und file is ahead of tho loaders. And
bo it noted that tho old-time trade
union leaders are boing supported by
tho leaders of tho government. This
movement is in lino with thc ultimate
object of tho workers. They are organizing on industrinl lines. In Australia tho ono big industrial movemont
is growing by loaps and bounds. The
.shop committees in the old land are to
a considerable extent like the Russinn
I industrial Soviets.   They will, in time,
In view of the fact that wo aro told  ns thoy dovelop, and the working class
that nothing can be accomplished by
force, and that nny offort of tho workors to bring nbout better conditions by
direct action are so much decried by
tho ruling clnss, we cnn only wondor
that the ruling elass does not accept a
littlo of its own advice. When tho
workers wore slaughtered in Petrograd
<m Bloody Sundny, thoy were induced
to mako the demonstration that they
did by those in nuthority. In Glasgow,
the representatives of the strikors were
sent for to receive tho nnswor of the
governmont to their demnnds from the
Provost of the city. They were met
hy force, as were Ihe workers in Petrograd, not to the samo extent, however,
but it wns there, and the workers were
givon a lesson in direct action by their
musters. Can it be wondered at if the
workers adopt lho same methods, have
they not hnd many examples shown to
them by the ruling elass? When the
workers wore shot down in Petrograd
on Bloody Sunday, the seed of vengeance was sown in the breasts of the
working class. Can any one wonder if
during the period of n revolution that
the ruling clans received a little of
their own medicine? The workers do
not want violonco j they nre law-abiding at nil times; they ure patient and
long-Buffering, but the ruling class of
Ihe world should beware lest in its lnu-
(fifljlty, it bows the desiro for revenge,
•which mny give forth its fruit when
the Inst struggle of the workers takes
plnco. What thoy sow they will reap.
'The working eltiM is Ihe most kindly
•class in society. II hns suffered, and
hnving done so, has no desire to inflict
iany more pain and suffering on humanity, irrespective of clnss, but it wns tho
lft.it straw that broke the camel's back,
;md precept, is a great teacher, and bad
precepts are liable to bring results that
tre not good.
sees tho only wny out, because tho organizations that will operate industry
on a democratic busis. This must bc.
Bofore tho workors can take over industry, thoy must bo organuized to do
so. They must orgnnize industrially.
It is true that thc first step to bo tuken
is to obtain the power of the state in
order to bring n chango in the form of
society, but it is also true that without
some organization to control industry
nfter the chango is made, there would
ho nothing but chnos. The politicnl
weapon is essential, but it is uot everything. The object of tho workers is to
gain control of the means of wealth-
production. This may be gained by
getting political control. But if wo aro
to have an administration of things, in
other words, nn administration of industry instead of n government of men,
then we must have an organization prepared to take and administer industry,
on a democratic busis.
M'
• DOH HAS BKEN snid by spenk-
ers uu  behalf of tho working
class, as to tho time when the
workers will tako over tho menns of
production, and  institute a system of
production   for   use,
ARE instoad of for profit.
WE It   Is   useless,   how*
PREPARED? ever, lo talk of doing things unless
thore is somo idea ns to how the intention can be carried out. Tho Shop
Stewards movement is a start towards
the goal in sight, when tho freeing of
the workers from industrial slavery
and ruling elass autocracy will bc accomplished. In the development of Industry, tho old craft lines have boen
eliminated, and tho workers have lost
that old pride of craft thnt was possible, and which was Inevitable as a ro*
unit of the hand tool method of production. Tho machines of present day production hnvo brought the workors to n
level. While in days gono by, it took
yoars to produce a finished mechanic,
today, with £to improved methods of
SOMJB unruly beings in thc Unitod
States have upset all tho plans of
tho President, of that Great Republic, and are opposing the participation of that country in the League of
Nations. Now wo
THE LEAGUE have never been
OF sure  that  ti  league
NATIONS of    nations    would
prevent war, and
judging from the opinions of the senators of the United States they are of
the opinion that at least in so far at
tlie United States is concerned, that it
will mean thut there will be more wnr
for it. They claim nnd possibly they
are right in ao claiming—that the
United States will havo to engage in
wars that do not concern it. And so
they nre currying on a campaign
against  the pet schemes of the Prcsi
sembled are wondering what is going
to happen in thcir   respective    countries.    For whilo they are discussing
peace there is little peace in any land.
Whilo the ruling class of   the   allied
countries aro having their troubles, the
new government in  Germany is also
having its little difficulties to contend
with, and the trouble in Germany is
troubling  tho   ruling  class  statesmen
of the Allied countries not a littlo. It
is becoming moro and moro   evident
every day thnt tho revolution in Gormany has only just stnrtod, and that
the end is not yet, neither will it be
until the proletariat is in control of
thc powers of state.    It is this fact
that is troubling the governments of
tho Allied nations.   They aro afraid of
the onward march of    a    thoroughly
aroused working class,  they fear do*
mocracy moro than they fear war.
*       *       *
Now the Hun has been decried, and
dire punishment has been threatened
for the atrociticB of war.   Hugo indemnities   havo    beon    advocated,    and
all kinds of schemes  hnvo been   invented for thc punishment of tho outcast of modern society.   But now wo
seo a chnnge.   Wo seo that men aro advocating that the Hun be fod, so that
he will not becomo a "Bolshovik." In
other words tho intontion would appear to be to feed tho enomy so that
he will not overthrow tho prosent systom of production.   It has beon   said
thnt the way to a   man's    heart
through his stomach, and this hns been
thc advice givon to many brides, but
we doubt if it will bo good ndvice in
the cose of the working class of  Germany.   From every indication it would
appear that it is  thc brains  of the
working class that havo got a move on
in every country in tho   world.    Tho
war has demonstrated thc   fact   that
there arc two distinct classes in
ciety, and that the futuro of tho working class depends on thc elimination
of class rulo and robbery, and that until this is accomplished   tho   working
class will not be satisfied.   The workers are not interested in a capitalistic
league of nations.   They   aro,   howover, interested in a leaguo of the international working class.    They  are
realizing that only by tho   establishment of working class idoas   of   domocracy, based on the freedom of tho
workors from class rulo, can there be
pcaeo.
* * *
Why talk of peace when the ruling
classes of the nations' that have been
allies are quarrelling before tho peaco
treaty is drawn up, lot alone signed.
The cause of wars is still in existence.
The competitive system still holds tho
world in its thrall, and tho workers
being the greatest victims of that system aro moro concerned in the over-
throw of it than thoy aro in watching
the antics of tho ruling clnss. Tho
United States can seo that thc demand
for markets Btill exists, and that in order that it may keep its working class
in subjection it must bo able to koop it
sufficiently employed, so thnt it will
not revolt. In fact, the aame policy as
is now advocatod towards tho Hun, ao
that he will not revolt, is thc policy
of all nations towards their own workers. They arc afraid that rovolt will
become the order of the day within
thcir own borders, and so tbey are
scheming as to how to food thoir
slaves, and by so doing stave off tho i
ovil day. But thoy cannot feed their
slaves. Thc systom is incapable of doing it, and no matter what the schomes
may be they will not avail. It is tho
mission of the workers to bring about
a leaguo of nations, by the establishment af a working class rule throughout tho world. Thia can only bo accomplished by tho overthrow of the
presont competitive system. Tho President Wilsons and Lloyd Georges aro
but pigmies in the evolutionary processes of society. Tho destruction of
tho working class leaders will not stop
tho onward march of tho workers and
tho establishment of the brothorhood
of man, which is only retarded by tho
workors themsolves, who either will
not or ennnot see that unless they abolish the system, that their lot must become worse, and that in the end, in
order to prevent the destruction of tho
human raco, they must tnko over tho
means of production nnd distribution.
arc boing sentenced again and ngain
says Dr. Clifford, to imprisonment with
hard labor many times for the same
offenso, and thc sentence of two years'
hnrd labor is a particularly severe one.
All appeals to thc government hnvo
boon in vain. Perhaps the prime minister will pay attention to tho domand
of the Nntional Union of Railwaymon
for their release. We know him to be
humane; ho is proud of his attachment
to Liberal principles. Lot him ahow
thnt he haB respect for liborty of conscience by opening tho prison gates to
tho conscientious objectors."
On Thursday morning the Vancouver
Daily Sun, which sheds much light on
current events, reproduced what is supposed to be a photo of events that
transpired during the strike in Glasgow, As uBual, however, tho light that
this sheet sheds was of the variegated
type, and did not represent tho truth.
Tho photo is, according to tho Sun, depicting the police handcuffing David
Kirkwood, whereas as a matter of fact
it is a photo of tho police trying to
bring Kirkwood round after ho had
beon bludgeoned in a baton chnrge.
So thnt our readers will bo able to
seo how dependable thc Sun is, we givo
the caption on the photo in quostion
tnken from an Old Country paper, and
the ono taken from tho Sun.
Tho English paper's version:
"Kirkwood, ono of tho strike lenders,
boing brought round by tho polico nftor
being bludgeoned in the baton
chargo.''
The Sun's version: "Policemenhavo
overpowered David Kirkwood, leader
of tno rioters in the recent lnbor
troubles in Glasgow, nnd nre putting
the handcuffs on him."
This is another example of tho
"fairness" and truthfulness of our
Canadian "Independent Press." That
thc perpetrators of these lies nnd insinuations will descend to any depths
to discredit tho workers goea without
saying, but they must think that we
are without brains or common intelligence if they think that thoy can
fool  us with such palpable untruths.
There are many rumors around tho
city ns to tho attitudo of tho larger
storekeepers towards tho award of
wagos for fomalo workers in tho mercantile business. Rumors, however,
nre not sufficient ground for complaints, but if thero aro genuine complaints, and the employers aro acting
contrary to the Inw, then the facts
should be placed before the proper authorities. Thc officers of tho labor
movoment are at all times willing to
do all that is possible to see that labor
legislation is enforced, but they mnst
havo specific cases of where the laws
havo been violated beforo thoy can
tako action. If there aro any fomalo
storo clerks that aro not getting tho
wages which nro set by the law of the
provinco, then tho facts can bo sent to
tho officers of the Trades and Labor
Council, or the B. C. Federation of
Labor, and the parties making complaint will bo fully protected, and tho
employers violating tho law will be
brought to book. Tho minimum wage
came into offect this month, and if
thore arc any female clerks not getting
tho wages specified, they havo redress,
and the labor organizations will give
nil assistance possiblo; but rumors nro
not complaints, neither aro thoy reliable.
RICKSON'S
UNION STORB FOB MEN
Arrow and Tooke Shirts-
Shirts with real snap to
them—
$2.00 and $2.50
Now shipment of Mallory
HaU—Union made—
$6.00
We arc sole agents for the
House of Hobberlin Tailoring. It is well to remember
that for any make of suit in
these days you will be asked
to pay top price. Why not
buy the best . a Hobberlin—
$30, $35 and $40
RICKSON'S
820 GRANVILLE STREET
At Bobson
TWENTY- FIVE TEAHS AGO
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council
Match 9, 1894
Following potitions of* Dominion
Trades and Lnbor Congross wore endorsed nnd forwarded to Mr. Corbould,
M.P.: (1) That first Monday in September bo Labor day; (2) Three days'
notice be not necessary to withdraw
post office bank deposits; (3) Following questions be submitted to popular
vote: (a) Maintenance of prosent colonial status, (b) Imporial federation,
(c) Canadian independence, (d) political union with U. S.; (4) Boards of
nrbitration bo legalized to settle labor disputes. Two cents a mile rate
for passengers on Canadian railways.
Stato of trado very dull.
Shades of war.   The following is a
copy of a notice posted on thc notice
bonrd in Exhibition Pnrk, Toronto.
NOTICE
500 men an; required for various duties ns follows:
Six clerks for engineers.
Three hundred men for garrison regiment.
One hundred and fifty for A.M.C.,
aad a few mon for mechanical transport.
If you havo not a position waiting
for you, you will do woll to take one
of the above duties until the fine weather arrives. Positions are hopelessly
bind to find, if you don 't believe this,
go out nnd talk to some of the discharged men walking tho streets, or
digging tho road up, and nenring "Returned Buttons.'*
With tho above jobs, you are assured of good quarters, good food and
your army pay.
And this is what is in storo for tho
dont,  which sro supposed  to ho  tho I ™|"rn„c.a .j"0"' »"<*• M «*° flnd that
,  '     ,,   , . ...     some of them are standing aloof from
only methods of ensuring peace to the: (h() ^^ d(lH8 movomJnt aml liko
world.
*       *       *
It must not, however, be presumed
that tho senators of thc United Stntes
aro opposed to a world ponce, neither
must wo assume that they are suro thnt
thero will bo no more wars. For if we
ean rend thc intentions of tho ruling
class of the United Stntes aright, it is
the intention to mnke that country n
leaguo of nntlons in itself. It is the
intention to build the largest navy in
the world, nnd to establish a permanent military force such as that country has not heretofore drearhod of. In
other words it is the intention to soo—
that without tho aid of any other nation—that the United flatcs will die-
ato the policy of tho world, and at
tho same itme give that nation "the"
place in tho sun.
*       *       *
ln the meantime the peace conferenco iB not by a long way a peaceful
gathering. Franco is distrustful of
the Allies, nnd all thc delegates   as*
ing class movement and like
Micawber waiting for something to
turn up.
After four years of war for democrncy, the following item taken fiom
the {Westminster Gazette) would lead
us fo believe that it will' take anothor
forty years of war to bring back tho
democracy thnt has been lost.
11 We agree with Dr. Clifford that there
is no excuse for keeping conscientious
objectors in prison and subjecting
them to further terms of hnrd lnbor
■ now that thn war is virtually over. The
[treatment of many of these men hasi
been a violation of the clause in thej
Military Service Act which wos passed tu protect the genuine conscientious
objector. Wo disagree with their views
but if the figures which Dr. Cliirord
gives are correct, ond more than fifty
of the conscientious objectors have
died in prison, over thirty have been
driven insane, nnd not less than two
hundred have been released because
they have been wrecked in mind or
body by their imprisonment, these men
have been treated in a manner certainly never intended by Parliament. Men
A Large Gathering at the
Royal Theatre Last
Sunday
Comrado R. P. Pettipiece waa again
on the job at the F. L. P. moeting at
tho Royal on Sunday night, asking,
"Why Unemployment f" and answering tho interrogation protty plainly.
Comrade W. Leo was chairmnn, and
there was a largo crowd which appreciated the speaker's points very thoroughly. Several Labor songa wero
thrown on thc screon, but Secretary
Trottor explained that tho Marseillaise
wns "vcrbotcn" by the censor. This
did not prevent the audienco singing it
at the closo, just tho samo.
Comrade Pettipiece, aa .a preliminary
to hiB main subject, offered a few suggestions on "How to road the daily
Pross," which ho pointed out waa
about thc only menns tbey had of keeping in touch with world ovonts. He
produced nbout sixty headings referring to happenings in which tho workers wero directly concerned, nil cut
from a previous day's issuo of tho
Province, nnd remarked on this evidence that tho working class was becoming "quite an important factor in
tho community." If thia went on,
there would be "hardly nny spaco left
to devote to the I. O. D. E. nnd whatnot. ''
Coming to the mntter of unemployment, or "chasing after n job," tho
speaker reminded his hearers that the
government had mnde tho natural resources of the eountry the property
of corporations, with thc result that,
as soon ns the worker ia through with
his work, the whole product accrues to
the owner of the suid resources. Today
thero was no scarcity of food-stuffs tho
world over; but they wore all undor
lock and key. Tho workers could not
get the goods, because they hndn't the
prico; consequently, no moro woro
wanted, und so the boss "cun't give
us a job."
"Wo have produced so much food,"
tho speaker continued, "that wo havo
to go hungry; so much clothing that
we have hardly enough to wenr." With
the returned soldiers, thero must now
bo somo five or six thousand idle mon
in and nbout Vancouver. There was
so much of everything that they didn't need to operate any more. In the
mntter of grnin, for instance, hardly
ten per cent, of last yoar's wheat had
yet left Canndn, Incidentally, it waa
mentionod that there were stated to
be 135 new millionaires in Canada during tho Inst five years.
As to the charge that Socialists wanted to "divide up," the apoakcr pleaded guilty—so far as the work was concerned. Thnt was in fact tho only solution. "One's got too much work, nnd
Ihe other's got nono. Divide up tho
hours of labor, and there'll bo jobs for
all." (Applause.) Thnt could not bo
done, however, so long aB capital was
allowed to function as nt prosont. Thoy
could not expect thoso peoplo to let go
without some sort of n struggle. They
must join with tho workers of other
countries in making the things  they
needed collective proporty. Then they
would begin to livo rational lives, and
as human beings should.
After touching on the tremendous
waste involved in tho present system,
Pettipiece suggested it "would not be
a bad idea if the workera here see if
they are keeping paco with tho workers of other countries." They did not
noed to keep looking at Russin, as tho
press apparently wanted them to do;
and as for tho workers in Britain, he
thought that bunch wcro probably capable of taking eare of themselves.
(Loud applanso.)
On the question of organization, bo
said it was limited by tho fact that
the employers owned the jobs. Aa to
tho workerB' identity of interests in
the industrial field, ho insisted that it
was "impossible to call a man brother
when on tho following morning you'vo
got to compote with him for a job."
Tho speaker referred to tho present
rumpus with regard to tho provincial
fisheries, raised by Major Burde, and
said they should tako over tho wholo
I show—canneries and all. Not that he
advocated "stato ownership" as a
lusting solution; but it was a stage
thoy hnd got to pasa through. So tho
coal and othor resources should bo taken from tho "alien enemy companies"
that had control of them. When tho
workers owned them thoy would feel
the responsibility of taking eare of
them; and it would bo their own fault
if they did not mako a success.
The highly developed character of
company ownership made collective operation all the easier; ownership waa
no longer a factor in production. The
industries were now ready to bo made
the collective property of tho working
class. It would, in fact, become imperative to make some movo in this
direction; thero was no othor solution
of tho labor problem. The speaker added, "I hopo that somo of these changes
can bo brought about by orderly and
constitutional methods. But I hopo
wo'll ho so solidified that we can bring
it about whether it's orderly or not."
It was not so much necessary to got
representatives in tho house, ns to got
their own clnBs educated. When they.
could unify with the rest of tho workers of thc world, thon a bigger and happier kind of era was tfciwning for thia
province.
There wcro numerous questions from
the audience as usual, including the old
ono about the relative merits of the
"craft" and "industrial" systems of
organizntion. The spenker said it didn't mnke any difference to their nppe-
titos; they got just ns hungry when
they were without jobs, whethor they
were orgunized in "one big union" or
a number of smaller ones. Some timo
Ihey would find out that the only thing
the matter with them was thnt they
make mistakes on election day. Neither
form of organization suited him; but
he would be satisfied with "nny ono
that will get far enough to say they
want the enrth and everything that's
in the earth and nbove it." (Hearty
applause.)
RICHMOND'S
Big Shoe
Special
for men and women this
week is a wonder at
$5.95
with six different styles
to choose from, in black
or mahogany.
RICHMOND'S SHOE
STORE FOR MEN
305 Hastings St VV.
FBIDAT „ -..March 7, Mil
Watches for Workers
Have you a really dependable time-piece—one that
it is a pleasure to carry because it never fails to tell
the truth?
Let us advise you on your next watch purchase.
We can supply you with a watoh that is exactly
suitable, in size, style and price. Tou have the fullest guarantee as to service in any Birks' watch you
purchase.
OEO.   E,   TBORET,
Haa. mr.
Uk—
IP THERE'S A PBE8ENTATI0S
COMING why not con.lder • Bltk.'
Wilebl A Birks' Witch li tke moit
popular presentation tn Canad*—ud
tbe moat ni.ful.
"The House Behind the Goods"
COFFEE
"If put to a pinch, an ounce of loyalty
ia worth a pound of cleverness."
—BAVE TOOH MONET-
START A BABE ACCOUNT IS
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't it'iw mt yoar apart eaak U
My old corner where it U la diftftr
(rom burglar* or tre.
Tke Morckanta Bunk of OiAtli liters you perfect iefety for nv
money, and will giro yoa fnll bin king
■ervlm, whether yonr account U Jarg*
or amall.
Intereat    ellowfd   on
JKMlM.
O. ».
•avian   *••
BTACET, Maaagtr
OmnfilU  and   Pender
W.  0,
JOT,   Hanagar
Haitian ud Oarrall
Hlng ap Pbone Beymour 8364 tot
appointmont
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
lait* 301 Dominion BaiUUng
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Thon.snds ot UNION MEN earrr a
Kiekmw and Accident Poller wltb
tbe
Merchants Casualty Co.
Our policy eonta $loo ptr month
and up,
Onr policy paya for all accident!.
Oor policy pays for overy known
disease.
Our uddr-psn Ir 308 Roger* Building.
Our phone numbor is 8i-y. 2755,
We want a capable representative
In uneh 'ONION LOCAL.
Deportte.
nrOOBPOKATBS lift!
Bank of Toronto
 184,000,000
 63,000,000
Joint tarings Account
A JOINT 8-Klaga Aeeonnt nay bt
opened at Tke Bank of Toronto
tal Ike name tf two tr mo.-*
penona. In tkeea neoounta either
party may alga ebe-qnea or ilepotli
money. For tke different memben of
• family or n arm t Joint aeooant lo
often n great eonfenlenee. Interest b
paid on balanoM.
Vancou rer Brnoek:
Conor Basttnfi nad OamMo limn
Prnnohea at:
Victoria,  Htrrltt, Va
DENTISTRY
—WITH  A-
REPUTATION
Clients who patronize my
offices oan bo absolutely
fearless.
Every modern method
known in the science of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Evenings 7 to 8
o'clock.   Dontal Nuim In
Attendance
ORANVILLE, CORNER OF
ROBSON STREET
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6238
Soldiers' and Bailors' Olub
A Soldiors' und Sailors' Lobor Olub
has been formed in tho olty. Tke organization is composed of roturnod soldiors and navy men who are conncctod
with tho working class movement in
tho city. Steps aro being taken to got
into touch with every ex-service man
in the labor organizations in the city,
with tho object of bringing about
greater harmony between betwoen the
roturned mea and labor.  A committee
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent witk
value
Two Stores,
ociety Brand
Clothes
Rogers Buildinr
Fit-Reform
Clothing
145 Haatinge Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
has been appointed for this purpoie.
Meetings will be hold evory Bunday.
Tho placo of meeting will be advertised in tho Fed and other pepon.
The Bollermakors of Viotorla have
affiliated with the B. C. F. of I_ FBIDAT _l_rch 7, 1919
ELEVEurg ybab. No. io   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
PAGE FIVr
GROCERIES FOR LESS
Compare these prices and count up how much
you can save on your Grocery Bill
Crisco   .29o
Campbell's Soups 13*/ae
Wild Rose Pastry Flour..62o
Aunt Jemima Pancake
Flour  17o
Cream of Wheat 20V.O
P. V. Sterilized Milk lOo
Woodward's Better Tea
Reg. 60c  530
Sunlight Soap  20i/2c
McLaren's Jelly
Powders   9Y_e
Union Hand Cleaner llo
Ivory Soap 5l/_o
Oatmeal or Fairy Soap
6 for  23o
Lowney's Cocoa  21c
Blue Label Ketchup 39c
Canada Corn Starch llo
Canned Cherries 23c
Holbrook's Potato Flour 23c
Brasso, reg, 25c for....l9y2c
Simcoe Pork and Beans,
reg. 15c .7-j-_e
Black Knight Stove
Polish   !ty_o
Malkin's Pancake
Flour    .34o
B. C. Fresh Herring
per tin 7o
Cold Dust Washing
Powder llo
Boyal Crown Washing
Powder .iy_e
Quaker Peas  15%o
Vantoria Prunes lSy_o
Clark's Potted Meats....7i/j-o
Woodward's Success Tea
reg. 50e 43c
Vantoria Raspberry Jam
4's  88c
Vantoria Marmalade
4's  64o
Quaker Pork and
Beans lS'/Jo
Aylmer Ketchup iiy_e
Reindeer Milk 19*/2o
Kadana Coffee, reg. 45e..38c
Windsor Salt, per saok..6V£c
Currants, per pkge -IBo
Sugar, 5-lb. carton 63o
Krumbles  10%e
Roman Meal  .800
P. of V. Baking
Powder 20o
Argood Pickles 21o
Orchard City Apples He
Bon Ami llo
These are only a few of the many specials from our
Non-Delivery Grocery Department, for
week commencing March 8th
GET IT AT WOODWARD'S
A
State Capitalism Is the Aim
of  the  Large
Interests
This Will Aid the Continued
Rule of King
Capital
The reconstruction period, ae it is
called, 'will be a very important ono for
all members of society, but especially
for the capitalist class. On the issue
of this period depends the existonce of
this class. In those countries whore
the capitalists are tho ruling class, they
trill use overy means in their powor to
mako their existence socure. All social
institutions will be tampered with,
more or less. Thoy will bo put in now
moulds, as it wcro, that look woll. Tho
soeial and institutional adjustments
that will bo mado by tho capitalist
class government aro of tho highest
importance, because if thoy aro pleasing to tho people, they will form a bulwark of defence for tho capitalist systom for **omo timo to como,
Let no working mnn or woman bo
mistaken on this point, that, tho reconstruction period is tho golden momont
for the capitalist class to re-afdrm and
strengthen its rule ovor socioty, and it
will not bo found napping in making
uso of this moment.
It is therefore both interesting and
instructive to make a survey of tho
policy the capitalist government in
Canada will pursue to accomplish tho
end the capitalist olass desire. Tho recent purchaso of tho railway systems
by tho Canadian Government indicate*)
the charactor of the reconstrnetion, tho
general line of development that will
bo followed. Nationalization of industry will be a slogan during thia period.
The governmont, however, will not purchase all industries, though it may purchase some. But what is more to the
point, the governmont will exercise
more control over all industries, whethor they actually belong to the govornment or not, both in their internal and
external affairs. In other words, capitalistic forces and influences are endeavoring to move us into a period of social existence whioh might most aptly
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Hand Made Boots
THE kind that are made to wear. They are built
in our own factory, and we fully guarantee them
to be all solid leather. The uppers are chrome and
the sole is the best procurable. They are made to
wear and are positively guaranteed. All &>*j C(\
sizes.  Reg. $10.50.  Tomorrow's selling...VP ■ •»■»"
BOYS'BOOTS
In the same style and our own make, with a three
months' guarantee on the soles. All &>A CA
sizes. Reg. $7.60. Sale price «pt.OU
MEN'S FINE SHOES
These are not our own make, nevertheless we
guarantee them. They are odd lines and come in
odd styles in black or tan. They are replar $6.50
to $10.00. All sizes in the lot. d»>i q£
Sale price .«pi.»0
Pierre Paris
BOOT and SHOE MANUFACTURERS, 64 HASTINGS WEST
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
Maple Leaf
ONE WEEK-COMMENCING MARCH 10
Mrs Charlie Chaplin
—IN-
"THE PRICE OF
A GOOD TIME"
-AND-
CHARLIE CHAPLIN
in his best and funniest comedy production
COMING MARCH 17
"HOUDINF
The Sensation of Two Hemispheres
7Hends%
The Children's Friend
Valley
Dairy
Milk
to tbe scrupulous
care exorcised at tho
J. M. STEVES'
PARM and the unquestioned superiority of the Milk from
his herd of purebred cattle, are due
tho uniform goodness of VALLEY
DAIRY APPROVED
MILK.
(t iB this unbeatable
purity — just tho
rich, natural creamy
Milk of purebred
cattle, with nothing
added and nothing
takon away — that
has won tho unstinted approval of Vancouver peoplo.
It is this Sales
Creating Superiority
that is winning tho
way for VALLEY
DAIRY IMPROVED
MILK into many
new homos. Wc aro
tho solo distributors
— bctvnro of misleading names.
A TRIAL BOTTLE
IS MOST
CONVINCING   ..
BAT.  553
VALLEY
DAIRY
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF MAROH 10th
'KINDLING'
Featuring Edythe Elliott
Mens:    16c, 36c and »0c
PANTAGES
Ji Vut Wm*
■■DOC"  BAKBft
MeCOHNELL AHD SIMMO*
Other Big F-utouu
be described by the term State Capitalism. '
There is a combination of circumstances forcing Canadian capitalism in
the direction of state capitalism. The
war is just over, and times promise to
be pretty hard. Unemployment threatens to stalk the land again with hungry mien. The working clasa is rest*
less. The working mon would not endure many nights in the bread line.
They are already in an ugly mood owing to the autocratic orders-in-council
passed by the cabinet in tho last days
of the war. A few days without bread,
few nights spent without shelter,
would react on the patience of the
working class like a lighted match reacts on a powdor magazine. Moreover,
the aetion of the working class first in
Bussia, and then in Germany, has given
the Canadian working class a feeling
of its power, has made it feel somewhat like a boy does after he has killed
his first bird with a sling shot.
Owing to this mood of the working
class, it is evident tho capitalist class
has reached the pass where it has to
tread with caution. Tho ground under
its feet is very slippery. Somothing
must bo done to control this working
class, to appease it, to tamo it, to cool
itB revolutionary ardor. Tho capitalist
politicians have responded to their
comrades', call to save Canadian capitalism by fleeing into tho arms of State
Capitalism.
It was not by chance, nor yet by
choice, but by necessity that tho Canadian Oovernment adopted tho policy of
tho nationalization of industry, as it is
popularly called. This policy has long
been a political fad among tho Radicals. Tho Union Government, tho high
priest of Canadian capitalism; had to
get the support of these Radicals to ensure its existence in power. Tho radicals are made up of four groups—tho
intellectuals, the potty bourgeois, tho
Conservative unions and tho organizod
farmers. Each of these groups domand
nationalization of industry for reasons,
peculiar to thcir economic status. The
Conservative trado unions demand it
becauso thoy think it will give them
somo reforms and increase their political influence. Tho farmers look upon
the policy as a sort of political patent
medicine, which will suroly cure all soeial ills if the directions are only followed scrupulously. And now as the
Turgots and Nickers of capitalism
havo adopted State Capitalism as a policy, the bourgooislo itself no longor
fear this fad of tho radicals, but con-
eider It somewhat as they do H. B.
Well's latest novol—something exquisitely elegant, but almost painfully
harmless.
Indeed tho capitalists, as a class,
havo nothing to fear from State Capitalism. They certainly feather thcir nest
and feather it well, by exchanging
stocks, in many instances of doubtful
value, for well secured government
bonds. Tho dangers lie aU on the side
of the working class. Thore are the
dangerous consequences, and they are
considerable, that will ensue from the
increasod power the government will
socuro as a largo employer of labor. The
quality of morcy which a governmont
as an employer of labor has towards its
employees has boon sufficiently illustrated during tho war ao as not to noed
any further comment. Thc government as tho national trustee of capitalist property, will becomo as ultra-conservative and reactionary aa such trustees always aro. Besides, the govern
ment officials, usually recruited from
tho ranks of tho bourgeois olass, will
havo fow sympathies |for the aspirations of tho toiling masses. Thoy nover
do. Alienated from the people by tho
jealousy with which thoy guard their
prestige as officials, thoy will bo further estranged by thcir over-estimation
of thcir responsibility as wards of govornment properties. It will not make
thoso officials any moro sympathetic bo-
cause they have boon olected by somo
democratic form of election procedure.
It has nover had that offect in the past,
so why should it in the future f Especially in a land whero tho corporate interests have always succeeded in securing tho election at tho polls of thcir
political favorites. Besides, tho corporation stockholders and the government bondholders will not relax in thoir
offorts to secure suitable and desirable
officials and members of parliament.
Quito tho contrary. For under tho new
arrangement, oven more so than under
tho old, it will be necessary for tho
master class to see to it that thero is
an obedient governmont in power, with
a sufficiently pliable rctinuo of officials,
so that its property and its bonds mny
bo securely guarded. Thus, government under the order of State Capitalism is but a more thoroughly organized
hegemony of the' capitalist class.
Accordingly the reconstruction projects aa designed by the capitalist
clans, through its ngonts, does not aim
at making any radical changes in social relationships and in the machinery
of government. Of course, some of tbe
more antiquated social forms und relations will be discarded, und new ones
substituted. And as for thc government machinery, certain repairs will be
made, nnd improvements will bo introduced into some of its working parts.
But all this will only ennblo the plutocracy to guide, direct und control, tlio
more efficiently, tho many national activities. Moreover, this governmental
machino will Spin long, legul lingers
that will stretch ont und worm thom-
selves into and direct even tho simplest social relations. Indeed ils buzzing wheels will hum but one time—
the siren song, direct and control.
To control the working olass, that Is
tho great objective of tho whole reconstruction policy. For unless the working clans is put under control, the capitalist class cannot go on with its work
of extending trude, increasing profits,
grabbing new possessions and preparing for the next war. Beforo a working class that it can not control, thc
capitalist class stands us helpless as ft
lamb docs before a lion. Consequently,
it docs uot take a very great power of
insight into political matters to see how
essential it la that our class government should plan on passing such legislation, should seek tu create such social
conditions, as will give it thu proper
control over the minds und bodies of
the toiling masses.
This, nt present, Is tho greatest problem which confronts tho govern men l,
nnd its array of officials and social welfare workers. And owing to its intricate complexity and the many variations that enter in, it is a difficult problem to solve. But, on tho whole, the
proletariat is looked upon by tho hour-
gcosio as a mass uf human animals that
must bo given employment, must be
housed, must bc amused, and whose
thinking process must bo trnined to
run along certain cerebral grooves.
Theso four requirements constitute
"tho problem of the politicians, and
professors too, aecept it as a law tlmt
tho  measure of peace ond order that
will obtain in a state at any given moment can bo gauged by the degree to
whieh those four fundamental requirements of the proletariat are satisfied.
Evidently, politicians and professors
havo their own peculiar way of sizing
up the needs and demands of the working class. They are clover enough to
know that the first thing tho working
class demands is employment. Indeed,
omploymont has a double virtue. For
a working class that is employed ean
not only furnish itself, to some extent
at least, with all its other requirements
but it can and does also, at the same
time, create profits for the employers.
The latter is, of course, the highest virtue. On the other hand, a working
class that is unemployed is a hungry
mob and dangerous. It iB not, therefore, strango that the chief concern of
the government in the coming adjustment from a war to a peace basis,'
should be to secure employment to all J
the workers in Canada. In truth, its
fate does, in the last analysis, depend
upon its capacity to do. this.
But peradventure tho govornment
cannot provido the necessary number
of jobs—wbat thenf Recourse will be
taken to other means. These means
easily suggest themselves. For it is a
fact that man doos not live of bread
alone. He has the hunger for amusement, the hunger to bury, and to forgot, his personal troubles in the bosom
of pleasant imaginations, the hunger
which arises from the hope "which
springs eternal in tho human breast."
This hunger for tho ideal is certainly
a legal appetite, and its presenco promises well for tbe future development of
tho working class. But the capitalist
class wants to uso this appetite for its
own purpose, as all ruling classes have
always done. Knowing full well that
as a man thinks so ho is, it wants to
get tho working class to think in such
a way that thiB class will play right
into its hand. And by puffing np the
workingman with a eenso of national
pride, by indoctoring him with a narrow patriotism, by centring his reading
on nothing more serious than tho ordinary lovo story, by limiting tho range
and tho depth of his thought to tbe
vagaries of bourgeois ethics and by
feeding his imagination with such intellectual treats as the common run of
moving pictures, the bourgeosie hope to
develop a type of workingman that can
easily bo controlled, and to whom
amusement and recreative pleasures
will act as a substitute for food, a stimulant to the body and a narcotic
against tho pangs of psysicat hunger.
Such an one would indeed be an ideal
workingman. For passively and patiently ho will hopo and wait for and
dream about better days to come, although ho may, all tho whilo, bo wasting away and dying in poverty and misery.
Butt what the governmont wishes to
do and what Ib will actually do, aro, of
courso, two different matters. It may
be that the working class has learned
so much that It will not tako kindly to
boing indoctrinated with the bourgeois
ideal of a workingman, for assuredly,
it is only tho most ignorant and docile
that would submit to such an indoctri-
I nation. And so, in the way of a precautionary measure, lest the patience
of tho working class runs out to soon,
tho government has revived the old,
and once disbanded, B. N. W. M. P. to
look after the recalcitrant.
Obviously, however, all other plans
and schemes to the contrary notwithstanding, tho flrst and most difficult
problem the Canadian govornment has
to solvo is tho providing of employment
for no ono can livo for any length of
timo on hot nir and tho imagination
But as tho solution of this problom de-
ECONOMY
once more is the order of the day.
The forced pace and forced price of
munition mulling and the production
at any price of the shipbuilding
yards hu now eome ta an end and
the fat pay cheque with. it. But—
what matters! Prices all round will
soon adjust thomsolves and with regard to ourselves you don't hart to
wait because
FORD SUITS
never were railed—were alwayi told
at old rate*—were alwayi bigger
and better valuo than any othen
and today they repreient more centa
to the dollar in fit, itylo aad mater
lal than any other custom (or ready,
made) suits is town.
■OX-DOM
No camouflaged promises, hut
straight statements and atralght
business.
...
Tou fought the light for ue.
We'll flght the flght for you.
Well steer you clear of fallacies
and show you wbat'a your due.
■ VITI
FOB
MEN..	
FOB
WOMEN..
$30 "
$40 m
Hastings
St. West
pends upon international relations over
which no ono government has any completo control. Thore is no ono national
govornment that can solve it. The
Canadian Governmont cannot solve lt
alone—no not even for Canada. So all
it's promises and endeavors along this
line appear as so much stago play.
Henco one is forced to the conclusion
that the reconstruction policy of tbe
Oovernment, so far as the working
class is concerned, is when boiled down
to ita simplest form, the old game of
the capitalist elass—to keep tho working class quiet and apparently contented while it develops the means whereby it can continue ita parasitic existence on the body of the toiling muses.
Prlnten Eaiie Wagea
Muskogee, Okla.—The Typographical
Union hu secured wago Increases of $5
a week for lti newipaper memben.
FatronlM ttaeratlonlit Advertiser*
8. P. of O. on Vanconver Island
Owing to a mistake in announcing
the Nanaimo and District lectures, the
wrong dato wu givon lut week. Comrade Bob Walker of Cumberland will
speak in Nanaimo, Wellington and
Ladysmith on Saturday and Sunday,
March 8 and 9.
BB BUBS TOU on
VAN BROS.
WE_« TOU ASK FOB
-CIDER-
aad Non-alcoholic wtnea of all
kinds
UNION    MEN'S    ATTENTION
THE 8TEADT, DEPENDABLE
BECOBD OF
KIRK'S
Nanaimo - Wellington
(Double Screened)
COAL
—AT—
$10.15?::
is only another guaranteed servico in tho fnturc.
ALWATS DEPENDABLE
Tho COAL you want again and*
again.
KIRK & CO., LTD.
929 MAIN STREET
Phones:
Seymoar 1441 and 465
iS
MOVING SALE
TERMINAL
SALVAGE
CO.
25 Hastings St.
West
THE PUBLIC MARKET that has rented this
store wants to get into it quickly. They want
to remodel the front for their market, and we
want to get out quicker than they want to get in,
so in order to satisfy both sides we have made
prices for this final moving sale at one-third to a
half.
If you want a good reliable Plane, here's a $12.50
Stanley and Bailey No. 8 Plane-Jointer, 24-inch, at
$9.45. And a $5.50 Stanley-Bailey adjustable
Plane No. 3 for $3.95.
A $4.00 Stanley Ratchet Brace, 10-inch sweep,
at $2.95.  And $1.00 Bitts, 10-16 to 1 inch, for 35c.
Remember, every article1 is good
through and through—no fake
business here.
The idea is to close out the stock
quickly, so we don't have to move
it. But we want everybody to
be satisfied.
15c Red and Black Pencils, 9 inches long, for 5<
And $3.00 Rose and Hendry Disston Trowels fop
69c.
Here are Atkins' Saws for $1.95 that were $2.71
Then you'll find $1.00 Scissors for 59c and 5ft
Playing Cards for 29c, and 50c Shaving Brush* \
for 24c.
We'll Expect
You Saturday
Ammunition, 22 long and rifle long, 3 boxes f <y
95c, which is less than half price. 38-40, 40-60,
40-32 Mauser, 40-70,45-75, all up to $1.50 box, for
69c.
MOVING SALE PAGE SIX
eleventh yeab. No. io    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANOOUVER, B. C.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Executivo committoe: Preaidont* E. Winch.;
vice-president, J. Kavanagh; treasurer, F.
Knowles; scrgeant-at-arras, W. A. Alexan*
-der; trustees, VV. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, G. Hardy, H. Gutteridge; secretary,
Y. R. Midgley, Room 210 Labor Temple.
ALLIED  PRINTING  TRADES  COUNCIL—
Meeta aneoiid Monday in tke month.  Preaident, J. P. McConnell; secretary, R. H. Nee*
lands,  P. n   n" "-
Box
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Union of Amorica, Loeal No. 130—
lleeta aecond and fourth Tueidaya in ths
month, Room 205 Labor Temple. President,
0. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 830
Cambie Street.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
ud Iron Ship Bullden and Helpera of
America, Vanconver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, M. A, Mo*
Eaehern, 1246 Alberni St.; aeoretary-treaaurer, Angna Fraaer, 11S1 Howe St.; bualneaa
agent, J. A. Moore, Room 312 Labor Temple.
BRIDGE     BTBTJOTUBAL* rOENAMBNTAL
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97—
Meeta second and fourth Mondays. President, Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and
treaanrer, Roy Maasecar, 1548—12th Ave E.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, 'LOCAL
No. 017—Meets every second aad fonrth
Monday evening, 8 o'clock. Labor Temple.
Preaident, M. MoKenale; financial aeeretary,
O. Thom, 6 Dufferln Street Eut; reeordlng
aeoretary. J- R- Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 308 Labor Trjnple.
Pkone  Hey-  7405.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL No. 313
—Meeta In Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday. 8 p.m. Preaident, H. Burnes,
1162 Powell Street; recording secretary, W.
Foulkt-a, Labor Temple; financial seoretary
and buainess agent, E, H. Morrison, Room
207 Labor Temple; assistant secretary, F.
R. Burrows.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—Meeta
flrst and third Tuesdaya of each montb.
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. President, H. E.
Wills; recording aeoretary, Fred. Lilly; financial BOcr<itary and buHiuess agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer street.
PATTERN "MAKERS'"LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets socond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204 Labor Temple. Preaident, J.
Bauforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood Eaat;
financial secretary and business agent, H. S.
Nightacalea, 276—56th Ave Eaat, South
Vancouver; recording aeeretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey Road. Phone
Bayvlew 2979L.
The White Terror in Finland
SHIPYARD    LABORERS,
fi.A   "
_____     RIGGERS   AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A, Seriea
i—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
N. Boolt; flnanolal secreUry, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding aecreury,
W. Lee.   Offloe, Room 219-220 Labor Tempi*.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 639—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p-m., Labor Templo. President, Dave Hodge, 677 Richards
street elty; vico-prealdunt, Frank Hunt, 1022
Second avenue weat; secretary-treasurer and
business agent, W. A. Alexander, Room 216
Labor Temple.   Phone Seymonr 7495.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY LM
ployeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meet*
A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant, let and Srd
Mondays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell:
recording aeoretary, A, V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street, phone High. 168R; treasurer, E.
8. Cleveland; financial aeoretary and
btiaineas agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
Drive, offlce eorner Prior and Main streets.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Local 26—Meets every flrat Wedneaday In
tbe montk at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday In the month at 0.80 p-m. President, Harry Wood; seeretary and buainess
agent, W. Mackenile, Room 200 Labor Tern*
pie. Phone Boy. 1681. Offlce boars: 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORKERS'
Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205
Labor Temple. President, W. Holmes, Colonial Ants., Burrard street.; secretary-treasurer, 1). J. Snell, 916 Dunsmuir street.
B. G. LOGGERS' UNION—Affiliated with
B. 0. Federation of Labor and Vancouver
Trades snd Labor Counoil—An industrial
union of all workers In logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova
Street West, Vaneonver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7866. E, Winch, aeeretary-treasurer; legal
advisers, Messrs. Bird. Macdonald & Co.,
Vancouver, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
& Cblono, Vanoouver, B. 0,
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and hsll, 804
Pender Street West. MeeU first and third
Fridays 8 p.m. SeoreUry-treaaurer, 6.
Thomaa; bnalneaa agent, A. Hill,
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHAUF-
feura' Union, Loeal'No, 655—Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President.
W. M. Brown; business agent, F. Haslett,
126 Fifteenth avonue east; flnnncial secretary, Birt Showier. 1120 Robson street;
phone, Sey. 6679.   Office, 587 Homer streot.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—Meets
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President. W. H. Jordan; vice-president, W.
H. Youhill; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66,
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meete in
annual convention in January. Executive
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan Mc*
Galium. Labor Temple, Vaneonver; vice-
presidents—Vanoouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J, Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneoaver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weatminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crow's Nest Pass, W, A. Sherman,
Fornie. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St,, Vaneoaver,
B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTBIOT TRADES AND
Labor Couneil—MeeU first and third Wednesdays, Knlgbts of Pythias HaU, North
Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, B, Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley; seoretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B, Q.
Norwegian writer, has made a study
of thu conditions in Finland under the
Whito Guard government, which was
established with a very extensive and
active aid of tho German troops then
directed by junkers. He presents hia
findings and conclusions in the "So-
cialdcmokraton.'' of Christiania, Norway, aa follows:
The maturity and culture of a social
class is best shown in its treatment of
its vanquished opponents, True culture
tempers ita measures with noblemind-
edness and tolorance. These, however,
are qualities not possessed by tho upper class of Finland. After defeating
the Beds with German aid, they cried:
Death to tho defeated; and the White
bandits began thcir freo roign. With
tho animus of tho bloodhound they attacked their defeated adversaries, in-,
dulging in a most frightful orgy of
rovongo,
Of course somo peoplo shako thoir
head in doubt for tho many reports
about tho cruelties of the Whito Guard
group. There is imagination and exaggeration in them, they have averred.
But whon ull tho events are brought
into daylight, wo shall sec that theso
reports aro not ouly uuexaggo rated
but that tho "Whites" look oven
blacker than heretofore.
Upon getting control in Finland tho
AMALGAMATED   MEAT   CUTTERS   AMD
SOUTH WBLLIMOTOM, V. I.
LOCAL UNTON. No. 878. U, Mi W. of A.
Mr. Robert Torgeirson, a well-known^Whites becamo madly intoxicated with
thcir victory. A bloody revenge was
to bo wreaked upon tho opponents—
as bloody as possible. FirBt they murdered people wholesale. Unlawfully
and without trial. Members of thc upper class in Hovoral parishes and communities hastened to tako advantage
of the open season in ordor to get rid
of their hated Socialists. Persons prominent in tho labor movemont were arrested and many of them were shot.
Even towns not directly affected by
tho revolution eould not cscapo this
barbaric visitation. A great number
of innocent people thus became victims
of the revenge mania. They wero
guilty of being Socialists and having
served the labor movement,, but guilty
of nothing elso,
It is estimated that by tho end of
Juno last 10,000 persons had beon so
murdered. Enrly in August special
tribunals wero brought into action and
these, too, handed down numerous
death sentences. Slowly, howovor, reason once moro began to prevail nnd
the murders becamo fewer. Many protests came from abroad and theso
served as a moral emphasis.
I have already intimated that tho
so-callod bourgeois iiitolligcncia provod
the most revengeful of all. Lawyers
and newspapermen woro frothy in
their thirst for blood. An uttorney
wroto in the "Hufvudstadbladet" that
tho Whites should tako full advantage
of tho situation to summarily eliminate tho wholo flock. Employers generally shWcd moro clemency. They
placated tho government with petitions
and propositions that thoir former employees bo returned so that they might
be used in industry inBtead of lotting
them starve in prison camps. One of
tho biggest estate owners, Lindor, as
already reported, publicly protested
against tbo maBBftcres earriod out by
the Whites.
May waa by far the toost bloody
montli of tho White terror. I shall
mention a fow incidents that took
plaoe thon:
Onc Colonel Bihvo—a national hero
of thc Whites—acted in tho town of
Viborg. He had 600 of his prisoners
shot. When a delegation camo to him.
pleading for humanity, this modern
Kaligula answered that he shall repent
FBIDAY March 1, 1919
Meets flrst Sunday In every month I p.m,,
KlchfirdH HaU. Prosldent, .las, Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jns. Fearon; flnanclal secretary,
Wiiiiain MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
NORTH   VANCOUVER
U.  B,   OF   CARPENTERS  AND  JOINERS,
Local 1777—Meets flrst and third Muit-
days in I. 0. 0. F. Rail,  Lower Keith Road
Bast, at 8 p.m.    President,  H.  H. JToBter;
flnanolal secretary,  W.  C.  Smith, 412—r
Street East, North Vanoouver,
-17th
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president, A.
Beamish; rocordlng seoretary, Mrs. F, A.
Dolk, P. 0. Box SOS. Phone, Sey. 8281L;
financial secretary, Robt, McNelsb, P, 0.
Box 508.
PRINOE BUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' Hall.
Preaident, W. E. Thompson; secretary, Geo.
Rnddcrham, Box 273,  Prince Rupert,  B.  0
D. K. BOOK, "CORRECT CLOTHES"
Where Your Dollars Buy the Most and the Best
Practical
Clothing for
Spring and
Summer
Service
Maker to
Wearer
Direct
Therefore
The Utmost
Value for
The Money
We Know What We
Guarantee; YOU Know
What You Gain
Mens Suits
$15 to $40
Unmistakably first-class in material and make.
Woollens that are the real thing, tailoring that gives
distinction and adds to the wearing qualities. A
great variety of different models appropriately dedicated td various types of men—the old, the middle-
aged, the man who has passed his youth and the
young fellow who is entering business life. Easy
here to find your exact size in the style desired—be
you stout, lean, tall, short, short in the arm or short
in the leg—we are fully prepared.
Extra  Special—Discount
to all returned men
AS BRIEFLY AS WE CAN TELL IT
that IS THE WONDERFUL STORY
OF VALUE THAT IS MAKING THE
D. K. BOOK CLOTHING STORE
THE BUSIEST ON HASTINGS ST.
THESE MARCH DAYS.
This much is certain—young men returning from
either arm of the country's service and discarding
their uniforms for civilian clothes will nowhere find
such suits at so great a saving.
ALL SUITS GUARANTEED
$15, $19, $23, $27, $30, $35, $40
D.K.BOOK
Correct Clothes
117 HASTINGS ST. W.
tho rest of his lifo his failure to shoot
all tho 4,0'00 prisoners that wero under
his orders.
"But thore may bo innocents atnong
them," it was suggested.
"Evon onc guilty among ovory ton
executed constitutes a sufficient rea-
Bon," was his reply.
It was very common to hear tho
Whites boast of thoir shooting various numbers of thc Rods, One of tho
Whito boasts somehow was haled beforo a court for actually committing
70 murders—but thoro was no punishment! At another plaoo a shooting of
two of tho Whites was "expiated*-!by
shooting 63 Beds. So wild wore tho
Whites in their campaign of murder
that thoy had no time to investigate
whother or not thoy had apprehended
tho porson they wanted. Thus a
couplo woro oxoout^a merely becauso
of an identity of names.
Tho treatment aecordod to prisoners
in the prison camps was horrible. It
is estimated that at tho prison camp
of Ekonas alono about 1,200 diod of
hunger. Tho deaths totaled as many
as 30 daily.
Littlo information has como from
other camps, but shuddering tho news
will bo when it comes.
Tho prisoners woro crowded in liko
cattle, Thoir food consisted of a salted soup, often rank and uu digest able.
At meal time tho prisoners had to lino
up, and generally ono or moro dropped
dead of hunger.
Around the camp kitchens remark-
ablo scenes wcro staged. When garbage was thrown out, tho prisoners
darted for it liko hungry dogs, They
had to sleep on hard cots and it was
quite common to find that bouio had
died during thc night.
Now and then some prisoners wore
sent for to bc executed. Of tho executions many a horrible incident could
oo recounted. I shall mention a couplo
of them just for illustration. An old
workingman was sentenced to death.
He was sick and expected to die'ui tl
natural way, Ho therefore Wmplorod
not to bo shot.' I Shall not livo many
| days even if you spare mc, he said.
' But nol The sick man was placed on
a stretcher and earriod to the placo of
execution. Being unablo to Btand, ho
was bound to a treo and then executed.
Most prisoners tvero glad to hear
their turn had como. They distributed
their small wares among other prison-
era asking thoso to remember them to
their friends and rolativos. Thoy
ofton Bang tho "Internationalo" whilo
conducted to execution.
An instanco of grim humor has boon
related. A member of tho Rod Ouard
was about to bo Bhot, but just beforo
tho fatal volley ho oxclaimed: Lord,
forgive; I shall meet You before You
invited mot
It happened in Holsingfors that prisoners upon execution woro blindfolded by masks saturated with the blood
of earlier victims.
In transportation tho Reds wero subjected to dreadful sufferings. For several days they got nothing tot oat.
Often thoy tried to appease their hunger by eating bark and even grass.
Practically evory working class family haa lost one or more of its members
through the White Guard frightfulness.
The new organ, "Suoimi Sosialidomo-
kraatti," contains pages of death notices. Hero u father, there a brother,
a son, a sister, has been thu victim.
Still some may bo disposed lo argue:
that this is exaggeration. To them I
say: Wait until the White Torror in
Finland is disclosed by history. Then
you shall hear oven worse.
Can anyone wonder, then, if tho low-'-.
or class in Finland, after ull theso happenings, broods vengeance?
The upper class went too far nnd
shnll blame itsolf of tho consequences
it may entail. Even thoy begin to feel
that many of thoir terrible acts should
have never been committed. They feel
themselves suspended in tho nir of insecurity. Thoir blind policy has benefited .on one. Thcir support in Germany has collapsed, the Allies doubt
and scorn them and tho lower class of
the country is bitterly hostile. Latterly tho upper class haa made some
efforts to- adjust itself in a conciliatory
way, but even now thousands ttpon
thousands of workers aro without
franchise and subject to various kinds
of compulsory measures. The right of
assemblage and expression is very limited. It is noted that at a recent orgnnization convention of the Socialist
Party, a polico adjutant was present,
and often interfered with tho proceedings.
Men's Overalls and Work Pants
We aro still selling all our makes of BIB OVERALLS at $2.60
a garment. They are made big and roomy, with plenty of
pockets and strong suspenders; black, black and blue with
white stripe.   Size 34 to 46.   Price $2.50
PEABODY'S BLACK PANTS, $2.50—A dark denim, made
by "Peabody." The best made and best known garment on
the market; five pockets, reinforced seams and buttons that
never come ofl.   Price  $2.50
OVERALL PANTS—There is no better value today in a work
pant. These are made of good stout denim in both blue and
black.     Five pockets,  double stitched seams;   all   sizes,
Priee $2.25
BROWN DUCK PANTS, ?2.00—This is an old stock at the
old priee.   A heavy brown duck pant, with doubel seats and
double knees;  all sizes   $2.00
BOILER OR UNION SUITS—A one-piece overall suit, m blue,
black and khaki; Peabody's, Carhartt's and 0. W. 0.; all
sizes.   Prices $4.50 and $5.00
COTTONADE PANTS—A smart looking pant for work, and
one that will stand hard wear.  Made with five swing pockets,
belt loops, full hips and cuffed bottoms,   Price $3.00
TWEED TROUSERS—A neat, durable trouser for everyday
wear. Dark shades of grey and brown in neat patterns.
Prices $4.75 and $5.00
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1861
Capital Authorized	
Capital Paid-up ....
Reserve and Undivided Profits..
Total Assets  —.
$ 25,000,001
I 14,000,000
4 15,000,000
4360,000,000
618 branohei Id Canada, Newfoundland and Brltlih W«t
Indiw.
Alio branohei in London, England, New Tork Olty and Bar
celona, Spain.
Twelvt branchei in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homor Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Street*.
Corner GranvUle aud Robson Street*.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenne West
1050 Commercial Drivo.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue ami Main Street
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenuo and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
.Uso—North Vancouver, New "Westminster and 27 otker point-*
iu British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO iAVINGa AOOOUNT*
Ono dollar opens an account on which interest is paid half-yearly at
current rntes.
THOS. PEAOOOK,
Manager Vancouver Branch
0. W. FRAZEE. Vancouver.
Supervisor for B. 0.
Prom recent dispatches it is already
known that Finns have sent troops to
Estlionin. Tlio upper class was very
onthusaistic in recruiting them. Thoy
are afraid of tho Bolsheviki. Bui:, on
tho olher hand, they ure not at ease in
the presence of the great number of
Russian reactionaries in Helingfors.
On New Year day Ihe chief of polico
ordered all Russians living in hotels to
leave thn town within three days. It
is doubtful whother tho order was complied with,
Mninierheim is now the first man of
Hie country. Hia is tlie role of begging
favors from the Allies. The arrival of
the lirst wheat flour cargo on Christ-
inns was regarded as a sign of his mooting with somo success in this Hold. Tho
upper class newspapers of courso did
not fail to capitalize this. But in uny
case, he cnn never get thc confidence
of workers. Tho workers will never
forget that he was tho general of the
bule hers.
Tho upper class in Finland has played its laat trump. World events have
chosen a course different from their anticipation. Vengeance is in storo for
tho Finnish aristocrats. And whon it
comos, it will bo only historical justico.
THE WORKERS' JOB
Sinco learning loaned on Statecraft's
aid,
And courted flcklo fashion's halls,
It. has beon limited in scope,
And lamb-liko tethered on a rope,—
Thc whilo a few, to myst'ry unafraid,
Pursue tlieir right to   penetrate   the
walls,
For   while   we   boast   of   Freedom's
schools,—
A. basic knowledge, broad and doop,"
Tho courso prescribed has nothing in it*
To show that Labor owns the mint,
Or that the laws are shaped by tools,
"Our friends" who rob   ns   in   our
sleep.
So when you wish to learn the truth:
The real relation, yours, to stnte:
Writo down a statement of your case,
What chance you have to higher plnco;
You,   rich  man's   son,  though  empty
youth,
Can block your entry ut tho gate-,
■So fow arc learned and many voto
(The    pasty-blind    oft    told   *'they
know")
Tho schemers boldly crock the whip,
Namo aU the officers of thc ship
Of state; we pay it all, you know't;
Thoy win thoir point and gleeful go.
The daily papers, dollar bound,
Direct their gibes, and point the dopo,
That's wired in, tho half suppressed,
Tho samo talo told from east to wost;
We drink it in, admire tho sound
For moro, Hko drunkard fondly grope.
Tho preachers in the pulpits fawn
To broadcloth in tho foremost pews;
They leave out truths "that wouldn't
do"
And rattlo on till thoy get through;
Most mon of mind from  church  arc
gono,
But still thc Book they do misuse.
No leaguo or combino should exist
To work a hardship on tho poor;
No holdup on tho prico of foods
Or any needful class of goods;
Or shortly whites cannot subsist,
Tho Oriental has tho floor.
Co-oporato in effort sane,
To put our servants in their place;
Uso roforondum and recall
On gns-osports who need a fall;
Abolish graft; good laws regain;
Conditions suit tho whito man's race.
—V. VIDETTB.
Ask More Compensation
Harrisburg, Pa. — Tho stato federation of labor is urging tho state legislature to amend tho compensation law
by increasing benefits to two-thirds of
thc wage received by the injured worker, and reduce tho waiting time to
seven days.
Under the present law when an employe is injured ho muat wait 15 days
to receive ns benefits but 60 per cent
of his wages.
ALL GRADES
COAL
Our Motto: rUM. WEIOHT
QUALITY, SEBVIOE
Evans, Coleman &
Evans, Limited
S°y* 2988 *••*<- Soy. 226
FINANCE J||j|jjj^ DEPARTMENT.
DOMINION INCOME WAR TAX ACT
TO WHOM APPLICABLE.
Every person who in 1918 resided or ordinarily resided in Canada or
was employed in Canada or carried on business in Canada, includinr
corporations and joint stock companies.
WHO SHOULD FILE RETURNS.
1   Every unmarried person or widow or widower, without dependent
children under twenty-one years of age, who liming calendar yea-
1918 received or earned $1,000 or more.
>.   All other individuals who during calendar year 1918 received or earned
$2,000 or more.
.1  Every corporation and joint stock company whose profits exceeded
$3,000, during the (Heal year ended in 1918.
FORMS TO BE FILLED IN AND FILED.
FORM Tl. By individuals, other than farmera and ranchers.
FORM TlA. By farmers and ranchers.
FORM T2. By corporations and joint stock companies.
FORM T3. By trusses,executora.administratorsafestateaandassignees.
FORM T4. By employers to make return of the names of all directors,
officials, agents or other employees to whom was paid $1,001)
or more in salaries, bonuses, commission or other remuneration during the calendar year 1918.
FORM TS. By corporations, joint stock companies, associations and
syndicates to lynke return of all dividends and bonuses paid
to shareholders nnd members during 1918.
Individuals comprising partnerships must file returni in their
individual capacity.
GENERAL INFORMATION
All returns must be filed IN DUPLICATE.
Forms may be obtained from thc Inspectors and Assistant Inspector*
of Toxntion and from the Postmasters at all leading centres.
Returns should he filed immediately.
Postage must be prepaid on letters and other documents forwarded
by mail to Inspectors of Taxation.
Addresses of Inspectors of Taxation for this District:
VANCOUVER DISTRICT.
Assistant Inspector of Taxation,
VICTORIA, B.C
Assistant Inspector of Taxation,
NELSON, B.C.
Inspector of Taxation,
Molsons Bank Bldg.,
VANCOUVER, B.C. FBIDAT March 7, 1MB
eleventh teak. No. io   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Featuring the New Spring
Models in Young Men's
Suits at $30 and $35
CLEVERLY DESIGNED and beautifully tailored
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New Fabrics — New colorings
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The Boys, Too, Are Having Entirely New Styles as
Shown in Our Huge Stock of New Suits
for the Young Gentlemen
Our "Gentlemen Junior" Suits are truly wonderful
this season—tailored like men'a clothes and made
from a better grade of woollens than have heretofore been used in Boys' Clothing, and we are showing the new stitched on waist seam model in Boys'
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styles. The prices on_"Gentlemen Junior" fron nn
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Suits range from $15 to...
A 10 PER CENT. DISCOUNT
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uniform, on Men's Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Men's Footwear. We have the largest stocks in the
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BOYS'AMD GIRLS'CORNER
"BEFORE ADAM"
[By J. S. Wadsworth.]
Suppose that when a new city hall
is built there are between the marble
pillars four great archways and suppose that the city lathers decide to employ an artist to paint a series of four
pictures to place in those archways to
depict the hiBtory of Vancouver. What
four picture*) would he paint! Tho Irst
might bo a scene in an Indian village;
in the background ia a forost of Totem
poles—around the camp fire aro grouped a number of Indians—one holds up
a mighty salmon. The second might bo
a small sailing vessel coming through
the narrows witb the Lions in the background—Captain Vancouver, Columbus
like, stands peering np the Inlet. The
third might be a settler's shack beside
the Fraser; a lumber-man with axe up-
lilted ia felling a tree as big as those
in Stanley Park. The fourth night be
a bird's-eye viow of a great city—a
sky-line not unlike that of New Tork
on the waterfront, ships coming and
going ud trains speeding eastward.
Thua we fill our space with pictures—
those four and no more. Historyt—
Tes, of a sort.
In some such way tho writers of tho
earlier Bible stories tried to tell ve the
"Genesis" or "beginnings of things."
Thoy had a week of seven days so they
dovided tho centuries with seven acts.
As thoy looked at the world thoy saw
the groat bluo vaulted arch where they
called tho heavens or the firmament.
This thoy thought was a sort of huge
umbrella that kopt tho water off. Sometimes "tho windows of heaven" were
opened—thon was a dolugel For them,
the earth seemed to thom a sort of
great raft floating on a vast sea of
water. Tho first day's work waB the
making of tho sky—light and darkness; tho second day's tho making of
the firmament which divided tho waters under the firmament from the waters abovo the firmament; the third the
making of tho dry land. Now, that
the world was made in three days it
had to be furnished in the other three
days—in tho fourth day there woro
hung in the sky two big lanterns and
a lot of little lanterns—the sun and the
moon and tho stars. In the filth day
tho water and the air were filled with
fish and birds. In the sixth day, tho
dry earth was filled with living creatures—including man. The seventh day
being the rest day and all the work
being finished, Ood rested. Such was
the series of pictures of our writer.
Then another writor—in the second
chapter of Genesis—gavo quite another
series of pictures about the first man
whom he calls Adam.
These early Bible stories are really
what the scholars call legends and mystic that havo eome down from tho earliest times. "Thon they are not bore,"
you say. That depends.
Is Santa Clous real! When we were
little children we wero quite sure of
it. Thon one day some big boy told va
that there was no such porson as Santa
—that it was just lather and mother.
Then when be grow older we began to
bolieve in Santa again. We learned
somothing of tho Spirit of Christmas—
of tho love and go'od cheer—the desire
to make the children happy. Is Santa
Claus rcalf Burel My little boy thinks
of him with a long beard and a bundle
on his back driving a team of reindeer ovor tho chimney tops. Now to
bo suro that is not "scientifically"
correct but thank God wo havo a littlo
poetry and art still loft in the worldl
Of course Qonesis is not scientifically truo, only wo stupid Western peoplo
could ovor have thought .hot. Genesis
is tho picturo back of tho childhood of
tho race—as such, it will ever havo its
place.
But we live in a scientific ago. What
Is tho history of tho human race? We
really know very littlo about it. Most
of what we think is mere theory,
which, to men of a fow hundred years
henco may scorn as crude as to us tho
idoas ol the Hebrew writers. Written
history of course goes back only a fow
thousand yoars and so through that wo
cannot learn about primitive man.
Fortunately tho book of naturo lies
opon. Whon you walk on tho boaeh
you leave a footprint. I following you
nn hour later can, by tho sizo of the
footprint, tell or at least can make a
good guess whother you aro a child or
a grown-up, whother you woro a working shoo or a pair of pointed toes. Now,
men and animals havo left footprints
on tho sands of timo, and wo can guess
what thoy were like. In caves we find
skeletons of men with receding foreheads and wc think they must have
boon of a vory low grado of intelligence—not much highor than souio of
the monkey family. With theso skeletons wo find those of extinct monsters,
so wo can toll pretty nearly at what
period they lived.
Then wo study tho book of man's
body. Wo find his body vory much like
that of somo animals. Wo know that
great changes oro taking placo in various animals, nnd wo think that porhaps
n vory long time ago animals liko men
nnd animals like the monkeys had a
common nncestry—mon ndvnncing nnd
perhnps monkoyB going bnckwnrd. Of
courso, itB a guess or a theory. Then
as wo observe how cloBcly somo animals and birds resemble one another,
and how cloBoly some birds nnd reptiles resemble ono anothor we wondor
whether through millions of years, all
havo developed or ovolvcd from some
simple form liko tho jelly fish. Again
I say its a guess or theory.
But most people now-a-days go on
this evolutionary theory. We think
that our very early ancestors wero little abovo the brutes. Then that thoy
were "treo men" or "cave mon" liv-
ing on uncooked food and only gradually learning tho use of tools. Thon, in
low races like the Bushmen of Australia, wo study the kind of lifo wo think
thoy lived at a much lator period.
Wo take it for granted that mankind
is advancing, yet wo must remember
that two thousand years ago mon had
in many respects aa high a civilization
as we have today. So wo cannot be
very sure.
But whntovor the history of man, we
know thnt men are capable of very
beautiful living. Man's hand may bo
liko n monkey's, but that hand may
paint a beautiful picture or mnko wonderful music, or gently soothe a feverish child. Man may have come up
through long yeara of aovagory nnd
bloodshod, but for mnny a day mon
havo dreamed of an ago whon wara
shnll ceaso, and men shall livo ns bro*
titers. Ono day their dreams will come
true.
ltofcrencca—"Bofore Adam," London; "Pnloolite to Motor Car," by
Lawcrison; "Story of Ab," by Waterman; "Story of Primitivo Man," by
Clodd; "Doscont of Man," by Darwin;
Mutual Aid," by Eropotken.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
PAGE SEVEtf
LETTERS TO
The 8. L. P. Position
Editor B. 0. Foderationist: Begarding your roport of a meeting hold in
tho Empress Theatre, February 83rd,
undor tho Socialist Party of Canada,
with J. Harrington as the speaker, and
contained in the "Federationist" issue, February 28th. I wish to state
that the latter part of tho report is entirely inaccurate and misleading.
Tho real facts are these, I being tho
S. L. P. representative in question, on
obtaining tho platform proceedod to
read extracts from a copyright dispatch
of Arno Doch Fleurof, a reporter of
the New Tork World, stationed in Berlin, of aa interview whieh had takon
placo in Moscow, .Russia, between Bobert Minor, an American artist, and
Premier Lenin of the Bussian Soviet
government, who waa in company with
Boris Beinstein an 8. L. P. man formerly of Buffalo, Now Tork state, U. 8.
A., Tho copyright despatch was printed in the New Tork World and issued
February Srd, and reprintod in tho
Wcokly People isaue Fobruary 8th.
All that I did was to read from tho
Wookly People and except for an explanation regarding tho position of
Boris Beinstein, who holds a high post
in tho Bussian Soviot government, I
did not mako ony of tho atatoments
attributed to mo by your reporter. I
thon retired, boing made tho viotim of
a pretty trick indulged in by one of
the audience, which I om froo to state
wns promptly rebuked by Comrade
Harrington.
Comrado Harrington, in replying,
made an attack on "Danny do Leon"
nud his industrial unionism, and proceeded to attributo to mo and tho S.
L. P. tho very statements that your
reporter claimed I mado. Surely if
thore was any confusion of thought, it
must bo on tho part of both Comrado
Harrington and tho over-vivid imagination of your reporter. For tho sake
of clearness I will quote in full the
passage in quostion. Lonin, speaking
to Mr. Minor, soya, "The American
Daniel de Leon), firat formulated the
idea of a Soviet governmont, which
grew up on hiB'"idea. Futuro socioty
will bo organized along Soviot linos.
Thoro will bo Soviot rather than goo-
graphical boundaries for nations, industrial unionism ia tho basic thing,
that is what wo are building."
Comrado Harrington, in endeavoring
to toko a crack at "Danny de Leon"
as he stylos that truly groat thinker,
inadvertently mado a liar out of Promier Lenin's statemont that "Danny"
waa tho first originator of tho Soviet
idea of tho present Soviet government.
Truly Bussia today is vindicating
tho corroet scientific position of the S.
L. P. principles as enunciated by do
Leon, and it is quito in tho realm of
possibility that Gormany may do the
same with the other countries following suit. Wo, tho S. L. P., are confidently waiting the feat of time aa in
tho caso of Bussia.
In conclusion we, of tho S. L. P., understand the position of thoso today,
who by thoir narrow perspective of
the structure and function of the economic organization of tho working
clnss, glaringly show thoir own confusion of thought nnd consequently their
position in confouuding croft unionism
with Socialist industrial unionism, as
taught by the principles of tho S. L.
P. and typifiod by thc W. I. I. V. of
i/otroit, V. 8. A.
Trusting you  will  publish   this  for
tho sako of accuracy and thus robuko |
tho ovor-vivid imagination of your ro
portor, Sincorely yours,
ALEX EAMSAT.
WORLD WIDE NEWS
Unity, Etc.
Editor B. C. Fodorntioniet: Upon
looking through my evening paper my
oyc haa been arrested by a four-column
three-quarter page advertisement headed '' Unity-Stability -Prosperity.'' Beyond a littlo doubt as to what might
bo intended by the second word, tho
heading looked good and I went aheud
to find that I wns being Invited by the
Canadian Reconstruction Association,
to "Build up tho homo market," and
the " Mado-in-Canada " movement.
With both these ideas I found myself in sympathy, as idoas, but with
tho methods of building up and reviving suggested in the advertisement I
do not find it so easy to align myself.
I am informed in the ad that "during
thc fiscal year ended March 31, 1918,
Canada exported products other than
thoso classed afl "manufactures," to
the value of more than $900,009,001)."
and that "if even ono-third of these
products had been manufactured in
Canada nud then exported, tho manufacturing proccssos would have given
employment' to 150,000 more work pooplo. Provided un additional $110,000,-
000 for sulnries and wages. Increased
thc value of Canadian factory productH
by $225,000,000."
At the foot of tho advcrtlsenipnt
and presumably therefore vouching for
the correctness of thn statements mnde,
nro thc nnmos of fourteen men composing tho executive. Scattered among
them, "promiscuous liko," are lords,
sirs, hon.s, and one K. C., giving tlio
impression thut the executivo is composed of all the picture cards in the
pack, and tho jokor.
However, what ia worrying me nbout
thc whole thing is whether or not I
should assist in tho manufacturing of
this $300,000,000 of products, increase
tlieir value by $225,000,000, of which
sum $110,000,000 will bo available for
sulnries and wages to 150,000 more
work-people? I am only a low-salaried
man myself to whom fifty bucks is a
wholo lot of money. I am consequently a littlo litiiKlicappnd when it comes
to considering a problem such ns tho
nbove. I am quite prepared, therefore,
lo be culled a thick-head when I usk
why in the namo of all that is reasonable um I to help in a schemo which
while it provides 150,000 of my fellowmen with thc chanco of sharing that
$110,000,000 (and it is only a chance),
will most assuredly add tho remaining
$115,000,000 of thc increased value
(moro than 60 per cent) to the unearned pile of some person or bunch
of porsons not mentioned in tho ud-
vertisemont,
Tf you think my question worth an-
Hwerhig but unfortunately find yourself unable to deul with it, may I nsk
you, Mr. Editor, to be so kind as to
puss it along to SIR Joseph PI a vol Iff
Yours truly,
MiaSOURIAN.
Wll Ifit Drivo
Tho Progressive Home Workers
Leaguo will hold a whist drive uud
danco on Mareh 27th, in thc O'Brien
hnll. Tickets, Indies 25c, gents, 50c.
Oood music and a good time promised.
ENGLAND
New Parliament Represents Minority
London, England.—Figures recently
compiled by The Horald, a Socialist
publication edited by George Lansbury
bring out the startling fact that tno
new parliament is made up almost entirely of men who are representatives,
not of the majorities, but of minorities.
According to the latest returns, out of
9,690,109 votes cast in Great Britain,
5,006,233 voted for tho Coalition, and
4,593,876 voted for other candidates.
When one takes into consideration that
thore were 20,000,000 voters on the reg'
ister, and that out of those 20,000,000
only 6,000,000 votod for the Coalition,
while over 10,000,000 stayed away from
the polls entirely, it becomes evident
that the Coalition candidates, both successful and unsuccessful, obtained only
one in four of the votes on the register.
To this should be added tho further
fact that tho Labor Party did not con-
test at all in somo 250 constituencies.
Nevertheless it pollod over 2,500,000
votes. Had thore boen proportional
representation, tho 60 Labor membors
actually returned would be nearly 150.
« * t
Mass Meeting Protests Intervention
London, England. — As a protest
against Allied intervention in Russia,
an immense demonstration was held in
Albort Hull—tho Madison Squaro aGr-
den of Groat Britain—-on February 16.
Tho meoting waa arranged by tho oxecutivo committee of the British Socialist Party. Tho withdrawal of troops
from .Bussia was demanded.
SCOTLAND
Male Spies Aro Having Hard Sledding
in Scotland
London, Englond.—According to tho
Herald, edited by eGorgo Lansbury,
"Maseulino polico note-takers at Socialist meetings in Scotland aro met
with auch hostility that the authorities
are now employing womon to report
tho orations of revolutionaries." Tho
Horald continues, "So, whon yon see
a fair damsel in tho audience .taking
a Pitman account of the rebel speech,
you can concludo her employer is tho
Secret Service."
AUSTRAUA
Labor Wins Another Seat in
Parliament
Wellington, New Zealand.—Prussianism, as personified in the prosent political combination in power, sustained
a signal defeat when in Wellington
South, Robert Semple, the radical candidato of labor, won a seat in parliament over the government's candidate
by a vote of 2412 to 1281. Semple is
ono of the men who, in 1913, was locked up in jail by tho Massey-Ward combine becauso of'his industrial agitation.
It ao happens that the othor two men
who wero in jail with him, H. E. Holland and Mr. Fraser, have recently
been elected to parliament also.
In Palmerston North, tho result of
tho elections was an even greater
achievement, although the candidato of
the laboritos, Mr, Galbraith, lost by ""
votos, Galbraith was a new man in tho
political arena and not a practiced
speaker; nevertheless ho added 179
votes to thoso of tho previous candidato of tho Lubor Party, C. J. Thorn,
who wus a brilliant platform man.
FRANCE .    J
I Patriotic Besolution Strikes Snag J
Paris, Franco,—At tho final meeting I
of the congress of thc League for tho
Rights of Man, tho effort of tho directing committeo to pass a resolution
expressing fervent gratitude to tho
heroes who had mado tho supremo sacrifice for Franco and for liberty dieted
such violent protests from tho audience
thut the proponent hnd to leave the
platform.
*   •   «
French Labor Makes Demands on
Peace Conference
Paris, Franco.—In every quarter of
Paris As well as in many other cities
speeial meetings of syndicates, federations, and other labor organizations
are being hold to discuss the demands
of French labor upon tho penco conference. A. concrete programme hus been
worked out by tho Confederation Gon-
cralo du Travail, which hus boen laid
before the French government with tho
demnnd that it bo submitted to the
peaco plenipotentiaries. The chief
clauses of this programmo aro;
1. Tho powors signing tho treaty of
peace should proclaim their intention
of bringing about, Ity international leg-
islntion upon lahor, humune conditions
of work in safeguarding maternity,
family life, social life, thc general und
professional instruction of tho child,
physical and mural health, and the development, of tlio population.
Among tho specific safeguards sug-
geatod for bringing ubout these humane conditions aro included the fixing
of fourteen yenrs as the ngo of admission to lubor, the r.-ilublishmont of n
rest day and a half per wook, tho universal eight-hour day, equality of
wages and conditions of work as botwoen foreign labor und tho native
workors in u given country,
2. The powors should provide peri
odicnl international conferences of labor, the conferences to comprise dole
ffutos of tho various national organizations of employers nnd employees.
An entirely now doparturo in the
policy of tho General Federation of
Labor is its decision to go into politics,
and to become virtually a counterpart
of tho Lnbor parties in other countries.
SWEDEN
Railway Workers Win 8-Uour Day
Stockholm, Sweden.—The .strike of
the Swedish railroad workers, which
began during lho first week in January,
has ended with u victory of tho strik-
era, The eight-hour dny has been established In nil railroad workshops and on
all slato-ownetl railroads,
AUSTRIA
Unemployment Spreads in Vienna
Vienna, Austria.—Unemployment in
Vienna is increasing in alarming proportions, and the difficulties in providing work havo been multiplied by the
luck of raw material in mnny industries, Tbo motal workers seem to be
tho greatest sufferers, the number out j
of work, according to the Vienna Ar-
tor Zoltung, being 18,000 in Vlcnnn |
alone. The workers in wood hnvo nbout j
3,500 unemployed, tho   toxtilo   hands,
1,300, transport workers, 1,500, cheini-
I industry, 1,(100, nnd the bakers.
2,000.
Bicycles  of  Real  Value—Tisdall's  STANDARD
J N ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality bas been our fiwt
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TBI  COMPLETE  8POKTING  00008  STOBE
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Ntmtd Shorn ut frequently aad* to
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No matter what it'i name, union it
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All noea without tbe UNION ITAMP are eitttye Ron-oloa.
Do not accept oar otxott tot Abraee ot tho Won sump.
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FOR ALL TRADES
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DENTIST
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OBOWN ANS BB-DSB
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AND SAVE MONEY
60o Zsmb-k  S2c
$1.25 Ollvo  Oil  ...- 93c
60o El   Kftdo    SSo
75o Pompelan  iissssga Cream  ....58C
SOo fiovrfl, 2 oi, ..._ _ „...S3C
$1.00 Ntuwted Iron _.......70o
SOO A. B. S. & O Tablcte 280
25c Pace's Gold Compound I7c
SOo Rold's  Kidney PlUa  ..._ „.fl$c
SSo Minty'i   Tooth   Puts     26c
SOo Thermogcne    Ste
25o Reld'a    Laxative   Bromide   Tablet*  _,, ue
50o Liquid   Veneer   36c
25c Reid's Arnica Ointment  17c
SOo Dlapopsln   _ 3Sc
$1.50 Beott'e  Emulsion  $1.13
SOo Hold's  Bye Wator   33c
25c-Peroxide Tooth Paste   18c
a5c Casloria   _. 26c
50c Peboco  Tooth  Paato   35c
War Tu Extra Where Required
Vancouver Drug Co.
Unit*
Original Cut-Bate DruggUti
HAD) STOBE
too H.it'mi w. * Se-**. 1900 tno 1000
SBAKOH STOBEH
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let OnoMlle II. So;. 7011
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Buy   83H ind 17440.
41. Main strut Do;. Mil
'.700 Oo-am.rcitl Drlf.
Bilk. ISO onl 1791-0
Better Quality—
for loos money le wbat you got hore.
It cortainly pays to "Pay Cash and
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Finest Government <•>*•   c__
Buttor, 3 lbs. for      <PloOU
Now Laid Eggs, _.*.
per donim   t)UC
Nioo Dry Onions, rem
8 lbs  ZOC
Fancy Canadian Choose, o_|
pound   *lJ*-tC
Fanoy Oranges, largo size,       __£h
j    dozen      OUC
Fino Oatmeal, por pjr*
sack   /OC
B. and K. Rolled Oats,      Xt m 1
7-lb.  sack for  4/fC
Braid's Ideal Too. j, t_
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Fresh Ground  Coffee,        ttt a   fan
8 lbs      -MeUU
Old Dutch,
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Rice, por
lb	
Split Peas,
S lbs	
Poarl Barloy,
S lbs. for 	
Poarlino, Gold Dust,
largo pkg	
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per tin  	
25c
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FRESH AND CUBED MEATS
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
Put.ninis'.ft Federations    advertiflwn
nnd tell thon why joa do to.
^y_.*<i&* [GHT
eleventh year. No. io   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. c.
FBIDAT Much 7, 1M9
illlJlI
THE PIONEER UNION STORE
Your
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Tl
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To convince those with whom you come in
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Manhattan Shirts
The Best Known for SO Years
rt
$3.00
UP
Claman's
153 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Trades Council Has
Published New Pamphlet
(Continued trom page 1)
with the question of cottago homes
for tho feoblo minded, reportod that
from evidence of other provincoe that
this form of home was beneficial, and
recommended that tlie council Bupport
the recommendation or the ohild welfare
committeo. Tho recommendation was
adopted.
Prosidont Winch roported as to his
attendance at tho Botary Club, the
council endorsing tho attitude taken
by him at that gathering. Ho also reported ao to Labor  Tomple matters,
Brine boyi and sella on commluion
stating that a sub-committee bad been
appointod at tho lait meeting of the
directors to go into financial matters,
and that thoy had recommended to the
rccoiver that a new manager be appointed, suggesting that the secretary
of tho council be the appointee. This
had at first beon refuted on recommendation of the solicitor, but was being
again givon consideration. The roport
was adopted.
Delegato Smith was appointed as a
committee of ono to visit the Saw
Filers on Sunday next.
The notice of motion to chango the
constitution to provide for tho holding
of wookly moetings was read a first
time.
Tho council wont into eezeutive
session at 1.15 p.m.
AUCTION SALES
Attend Brine's Sales every Saturday,
at 2 p.m.
Everything of valuo  Bold undor tho
hammer.   Got off tho car at cornor of
Davie and Granville streets.
BRINE, AUCTIONEER
1813 OBANVILLE STBBBT
Phonei:    Bey. 6GG—Sey, 8011-0
Shipyard Laborers, niggers and Fasteners' Union, Loeal SB A5, I.L.A.
Tbo  abovo local hold    its    rogular
mooting on Friday, Februury 28, Bro.
Sully in tho chair.
It was deoidod to affiliate with tho
li. C. Fedoration of Labor and to sond
throe delegates to Calgary.
Brothers Sully, Leo and Paterson
wcro elected.
Tbo union endorsed the resolution
passed by the Metal Trades Council
asking all unions to consider the matter of onc industrial organization for
tho West, und to bring the matter up
at thc Calgary convention.
Brother Leo was elected as representative on executive of the Metal Trades
Council.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell thero why you do so.
J. Kavanagh Dealt With the
Situation  in  Europe
Last Sunday
The Socialist Party of Canada held
its regular propaganda meoting in the
Kmpress Theatre last Sunday, Jack
Kavanagh being tho speaker and S.
Eurp chairman.
The speaker dealt mainly with current events in Europo. Wo are living
in an age of rapid chango—wars, victories, revolutions and counter-revolutions following one another in rapid
succession. The only thing which
seems to be unablo to movo Is the
Peace Conference in Paris. Tho delegates have heen sitting around a tablo
for months trying to sottle up the political affairs of Europe. They havo
won tho wur, dictated tho armistice,
interned tho enemy navy and rendered
him harmless, Yot thoy cannot fix up
u peuce. Tho coming of peace was aB
great or oven a greator cataclysm than
tho coming of war, as tho Marxists
have been saying for years. They can
not settle tlio affairs of Europe so long
as the Communist Party in Russia
holds eon trol in that country. Bussia
is thc only country which seems ablo
to scttlo down at nil. Thc Allies fear
that Gormany may settle down liko
Bussia and by the same method. Fearing this they back Scheidcmann, and
would back the ex-Kaiser if he eould
delivor tbo goods to keep tho Gorman
workers from joining the Spartacans—
anything to heat tho Spartacans,
In conformity with this principlo,
Goneral Foch pormitted Scheidcmann
to send German troopB into the neutral
zone, along tho Bhino, to crush the
Spartacans in that territory.
In doing this the French government
iB only paying back a debt contracted
in 1871, when Bismark allowed French
prisoners of war to be sent back to
Franco to bo usod against the communards in Paris. The bouTgcoiso
thought the Spartacans were crushed
whon Liebknecht and Bosa Luxemburg
wore murdered. It is evident that the
workors woro not then rendy for the
proletarian revolution. Tho junkers
may have encouraged tho German revolution, hoping that being premature it
would bo only an anti-Kaiser and not
a proletariat revolution. But they
waited too, late. No revolution is possiblo in Europe that does not take on
a proletarian character almost at onco.
This is illustrated by Portugal, where
a few weeks ngo a Royalist uprising
took place. Tho result is Lisbon has
been in tho hnnds of tho Bolshevikis
of Portugal for two weeks. This news
was published in tho local papers.
Tho Peaco Conference can sottle
nothing. They tnlk of putting a huge
indemnity on Germany. If thoy do,
then Germany must keep hor factories
busy. This would suit tho German
capitalist ull right, but the factories in
the Allied countries would be idle. Tho
Allies know what this would mean: besides loss of proflt, it would mean revolution. Unablo to do anything tho
dolegates went homo, Lloyd George to
attend anothor penco conference—this
ono at home. In England conditions
have compelled the ruling class itself
to form a kind of Soviot, an industrinl
parliament they call it. The orders
given to tho military in Glasgow came
in for some scathing criticism from tho
spenker. Machine guns on tho roofs,
troops and even tnnks in the streets,
this in Glasgow, not in Petrograd.
"When a ruling claBB," said the speak-
•, "relies on machino guns, on forco
alone to keep its subject class in subjection, thc time of that ruling class
is up."  (Applause.)
Such methods don't cow tho workors, they only mako them adopt new
methods of attack. Tho war is over,
but tho capitalist governments can't
mako peace, thoy can't oven settle the
returned soldiers. The most thoy can
do with them is organize them in clubs
Empire Oil
Capitalization only $250,000      WELL NOW DRILLING       Holdings 960 Acres
Tho holdings of this company Hie situated near Aldergrove in tho Langley Municipality, which is recognized as thc best location in thc Frasor Valley for Oil. The
drilling of the well is under thc supervision of Mr. Roy J. Widney, who has hsd
twenty years' experience in the California aud Alberta Oil Fields and is considered
onc of thc best drillers in thc country. A heavy standard rig, capable of going
down 5000 feet if necessary is now being installed, which, when completed, will
bc thc largest and most up-to-date plant in British Columbia.
Action Not Words Our Motto
The Empire Oil Co., which started in a small way, against all kinds of obstacles
and opposition, has quietly forged ahead until today it ranks first in the field
with the best location, the belt driller, thc best equipment, and wc believe will have
the first commercial well,
Invest your money in a company that is actually drilling and trying to accom-
plish something—you are guaranteed a square deal and a run for your money under an honest, capable management.
Empire Oil is absolutely thc best buy on the market today at 10 cents per share.
Prices subject to advance Bt any time without further notice. It will pay you to
inveotigatc this company before placing your money elsewhere.
II*' INTERESTED CALL OR WRITE
Pacific Coast Development Co., Ltd.
Phone Seymour 1-189
Open Evenings 419 PENDER STREET WEST
Cotton Fabrics of
Dependable
Quality
Attractively Priced
Nurse Cloths — Special
45*** per yard. Shown in
neat stripe designs in
delph, butcher's blue and
navy blue, also brown and
cardinal. Plain shades in
butcher's blue and navy
only.
Superior Quality Ginghams—Special 45^ per
yard. Shown in a fine assortment of plaids, checks
and stripe designs in attractive color combinations.
36-in Plaid Ginghams-
Special 55^ per yard.
This is onc of the best
values- shown here for
some time. A strong,
oven weave in a large variety of attractive plaid
designs.   Note the width.
Novelty Plaid Zephyrs—
Speeial 75^ per yard.
Some splendid color combinations are shown in
this weave. A very high-
grade material from
every standpoint.
Best English Prints —
Special 3Stf per yard.
This is a well-known standard quality whieh will
give good service, Shown
in a large variety of
dainty patterns in blues,
pink, lilac, buffs and
white with black effects;
fast colors.
Colored Jap Crepes —
Special 40$ per yard. A
very practical material
for all purposes. Shown
in thirty-five desirable
colors, also white.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
in the hopo that they can bo kept away
from the rebel workers. They havo lied
to them, telling them thot tho organized workors wont on atriko to aid Germany and so on. The Russian and German soldiers got wise and tho samo is
happening here.
Tho probloms facing tho world today
can only bo solvod by tho workors. The
discontented workers can only bo satis-
lied by taking tho problems into their
own hands. They havo builded up a
Bystem of production which has kopt
millions of peoplo as soldiers or in unproductive industry. Many of theso
people arc idle now as a result of tho
armistice. Thin industrial system ia
owned by a few who reap all the benefits from it. The workers to solve
thcir difficulties must tako over tho industries of production for uso instead
of for profit, as at present.
Bussia and Gormany are trying to do
it. In most of Russia tho workers are
in complcto control and in Germany,
aro on tho point of getting it. Thoy
cannot succeed unless all Europo comes
in with thom, for tho other capitalist
countries have forged a band of stool
around them. Tho economic blockade.
It is up to ub to get down and study,
not tho "Provinco" or tho "Sun"
but real scientific works. We don't
want passionate oratory, wo want
sound education.
If enough of thc wage slaves have
this education, then tho counter revolution will bo easily nttended to, for
tno master class relics for its armies
upon tho workers who don't know thoir
class position in socioty.
Whon the working class revolution
is accomplished, and the counter-revolution crushed, then and then only, will
we have a real peace conference.
To member* nt my anion ln C»n»d» ■
flpeelt! rile fnr Th« Fniliratlonlit, fl.Sh
per j«»r—If * Hub of 10 or morn ti lenlfo.
FASHION-
CRAFT
STYLES FOR
SPRING
All the newest
modes
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
514 GRANVILLE ST.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
A special mooting of the Hotel and
Restaurant Employeos waa hold on
Wednesday night and a general dis-
cusBion on tho Chinese question took
place. Delegates Midgley and Kavanagh of tho Trades and Labor Couneil
addressed tho membors on the subject.
Tho delegates advocated thc organization of Chineso in the catering industry in the city as a solution to tho
difficulty. The mombors of Local 28
are not in favor of taking in Chinese
as part of tho organization, realizing
tho racial difference, and further* wish
to point out that thoso organizations
who havo already somo Chineso in
their ranks aro ablo to domand equal
wages for them. Tho Chinese in tho
catering industry aro in tho majority
in tho City of Vancouver, and if organized would be in a position to dictate to tho whito workers in that craft.
Tho roverso should bo the caso in the
opinion of tho members of Local 28,
therefore memberB of organizod labor
In tho city aro urged to view the situation on tho UneB abovo mentioned.
The Chinese problem is not a local
ono; complaints nlong tho same lines
aro boing registered throughout Canada in tho catering industry.
Locals 28 and 676 will hold a speeial
joint meoting on Friday, March 14, at
8.30 p.m., in Room 404 Labor Temple.
Tho general presidont of tho International Union iB paying a visit to Vancouver to tako Btock of tho difficulties
tho union is confronted with.
The dance held on February 26 was
a decided success from overy angle.
Anothor dance will bo held towards tho
ond of March.
Gas Workers Held Smoker
Tho Gas Workera roport that they
aro still making progress. Four now
mombors wero admitted at tho laBt
meeting. During tho last month tho
members of this local had an enjoyable ovening, at tho first annual smoking concert, a splendid programmo was
put on, and those that attended this
social function are looking forward to
the noxt one.
Over sixty per cent of the members
turned out, end the other locals will
liavo to loo a tc thcir Iburc'Js, as tho
Gas boys tre some eitierlninors. Thore
was good hinging and instrumental
numbers, and lots of tol aoeo ami pig*
agettos, eto, aud while tt, (!. is dty,
thero was lots of liquid refreshments
ovon aith7U,;L it did not exceed two
por cent. Taken in all, tho evening wns
ono that will long bo remembered by
those present. This local has lost one
of its active memberB, Bro. Payton,
who succumbed to an attack of Spanish
influenza.
JamoB Burns, charged with being a
member of tho I. W. W., was dismiasod
on Monday morning by Mr. Justice
Cayley, tho prosecution not having secured tho permission of thc provincial
Attornoy-Gcneral to prosecute.
WE PAY CASH
—FOR—
Victory, Liberty or
Government Bonds
of any description.
Cascade Mortgage & Investment Oo.
455 PENDEE STREET
BRAND'S SWEET FEAS
The best on the market—took the Gold Medal three
times running.
Now is the time to plant Sweet Peas—secure early
blooms—have fragrant flowers in abundance right
until frost
EXHIBITION COLLECTION
12 bost Spencer varieties—soparate packets—25 seeds oach unloss otherwiso stated.
(J.*]   fhfh   POSTPAID
<P 1 tUU Sent Anywhere
New Margaret  Maddlson,  true
lavender.
Jean Ireland, largo cream picotod
carmine roso (20 seeds).
The   Pmldent,   brilliant    rich
dazzling orange scarlet.
Bosabelle, largo carinino rose-rod.
Constance   Hinton,   line   large
dark-soeded whito.
British Victory, brilliant salmon
rod (15 soeds),
Maud Holmes   (Sunproof   Crimson), tho bost crimson.
Margaret Fife,   bright   aubrotia
bluo.
King Manuel, large maroon.
New Marquis, largo rosy muuvc.
Margaret Atleo, largo deep cream
pink.
Boyal Purple, rich roynl purple,
BOTAL COLLECTION
12 Sponcer varieties—distinct in
form and color from Exhibition
collection—25 soeds of oaoh.
rj (■        POSTPAID
I OC Bent Anywhere
Adelaide (Ansae), standard purple, wings electric bluo.
Agrlcola,   blush   suffused   soft
lilac.
Brand's   Cream,   the heat deep
primrose.
Constance   Oliver,   deep   eream
pink.
Edward Cowdy, dazzling oraige
acarlot.
Elfrlda Pearson, largo pale pink.
Helen Lewis, bright orange pink.
Illuminator, pole cerise.
King White, puro whito.
King Edward Spencer, rleh crimson scarlet.
Queen  of Norway,  giant  rosy
mauve.
Lavender Oeorge Herbert, pin
shining lavender,
Exhibition and Boyal Collections combinod—a complete collection of
the best 21 variotios of Sweet Pets known. Sent postpaid anywhere
for $1.60.
Writo us for our 1919 Boed Cataloguo and Garden Guide—sent froo on
request.
JAS. BRAND & CO.
723 Robson Street Vancouver, B. C.
Branch Store—626 Haatinga St, Weet
IIHI
YOUR CREDIT   H
WOBTH 135.00 ■
MEN'S SPRING SUITS
Selling on     <£OE fift
easy terms at -<P_bOtUU
Only a limited numbor to offer. Hurry! They're
n real snap,
-npHEY represent the stttn-
* mit of exclusive Tailoring
and come in tho season's newest styles in Tweeds, Homespuns and Worsteds, Guar*
antoed fast dyes. Don't raws
this special, ob it will be impossible to duplicate it. Onr
extra speeial priee only—
25
$oc.oo
Payable in oither weekly or
monthly payments as you
like.
Dress  Woll  on Easy Terms
' at the
NEW YORK OUTFITTING CO., LTD.
143 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Opposite Province Office Seymonr 1361
\\e______m   IS ALWAYS GOOD  |!j||
UNION STORE
UNION CLERKS
UNION SHOES
Splendid Shoes
For Spring Weather
DICK HAS THEM-RIGHT THERE POR QUALITY-SHOES
THAT WILL GIVE YOU REAL SERVICE-SMART IN APPEARANCE-SHOES YOU'LL BE PROUD TO WEAR-
OFFERED AT PRICES LESS THAN YOU'D PAY FOR THE
SAME VALUES ELESWHERE.
McPherson
Union Made Shoe
in Black or Brown—best quality leather—made by the famous
McPherson factory—an out and out Union plant—in many shapes
—all sizes.
$6.50 to $10.50
High Top Boots
the best quality in High Top Boots known to the trade—in Black
Urus Calf or Tan Army Grain—just the boot for out of doors
travelling in Spring—good heavy soles—extra strong stitching
throughout.
t^$7.00
«*• $8.00
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back
33 - 45- 47-49, Hastings St. East.

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