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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 25, 1920

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITT:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTOB
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 26
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 25,1920
$2.50 PER YEAR,
Lumber  Workers  Have
Many Little Troubles
to Settle
STRIKEIALD. HEAPS
IN
Practice by Some
Employers Is Resented
A general strike exists in all
camps and mills along the 6. T.
P. The demands being an 8-hour
day and $5 minimum. Shevlln &
Clarke's mill at- Fort Francis,
Ontario, are out with similar demands.
Other active strikes are at Buck*
ley Bay Mill; Lindsay Bros.' camp
at Meadows; Norton's- camp at
Raza Island; Cargill camps, SI
moon Sound; Swanson Bay mill
Dollar camp at Union Bay Is be
tng fixed up, and a committee has
gone over to see If the union re'
qulrementa have been compiled
with; Dempsey's camp No. 2.
Drury Inlet, Is on the unfair list;
new strikes at the Dollar camp,
Fort Moody, owing to the firing
of the delegate. The men demand
hts reinstatement. and the discharge of the bull bucker. At
Crowley's eamp at Grassie Eay,
there were 5 men who refused to
pay thetr back dues; they were
the same five who had to be forced
Into the union last year. The boss
wouldn't comply with the demand
to make It a unton camp, so the
boys struck and left him with his
five slackers. Brooks, Scanlon ..&
O'Brien camps at Stillwater, are
out with a demand for 50 cents
a day raise for the steel gang and
graders. The company offered 50
cents for.steel gang and 25 cents
for graders, If the men would sign
a 6-months' agreement. The offer
was refused, eyd men struck
Gold's track camp at Prescrlptloi»|
Siding of the Northern Construction Co. outfit Is out for better
food and more of it—improved
camp conditions—8-hour dny, and
10 cents an hour.
Settlement has been made of
the strike at Mainland cedar camp
No. 3, and Boom camp. All de
mands being men, but the company
played a sharp scheme by making the settlement with the strik-
ers by granting all demands- including no discrimination, and
then rushing oft a crew consisting
mainly of new men that they had
ready.
The trouble at McLeod's camp,
Gawbier Island, has been satisfactorily settled, all demands conceded; carpenters have been sent
up to put the camp In strict conformity with provincial and union
requirements. Entire Improvements to be completed within nine
days. The old crew all go back
and In future will b'e paid twice
a month by certified cheque. This
Is a condition It would be well
for  other  camps  to  insist   upon,
The Coast District convention
will be held July 12th, followed
by the General convention on July
19th, both being held at Vancou
ver. The eastern district^ wilt be
well represented.
A telegram just received from
the Inspection committee which
was sent to the Dollar camp at
Union Bay, reports the union requirements complied with and recommends strike to be called off.
Oct On the Voten* list
You may'think that no change
can be brought about by voting,
but at least you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
it Is up to you to get on the list
for your district.
O.B.U.
A
Midnight Revelry at O.
B. U.Hall Ends in
Smoke
Judging by the exclamations of
ftassers-by on the night of June
18th, and the sounds of revelry
Issuing from the One Big Union
hall on Pender street, the programme presented at the smoking
concert on that evening was no
second rater. Any of the members or their friends who attended
on that evening, certainly had
their 50 cents worth of amusement, together with the usual accompaniments of smokes and good
beer, There was a number on
the. programme for every kind of
patron, from serlo comic to sentimental, dramatic sketches, clog
dancing, and ln fact, most everything that one goes to the regular
vaudeville shows to see.
There was only ono regret, and
that was that these social functions had not started earlier, but
Judging from the reception ac-
corded this one, the entertainment
committee may have something
else up their sleeve, so be ready
for the next surprise. Coming to
the financial end of the smoker,
the committee Is well pleased
with, the efforts In this direction,
as the sum of $55.30 wos handed
over to tho Trades & Labor Council, to be used for decorating the
new headquarters.
Thc committee wish to thank
all those who helped with the
programme) and helped to make
the evening such a. success, especially the good work put ln by
the pianist, and not forgetting the
ttewards. who served the beer.
Addressed  Labor  Party
Conference on Winnipeg Strike
Alderman Heaps, of Winnipeg,
addressed the delegates to the
Labor Party conference at Scarborough, England, on Wednesday
of this. week. He was given a
splendid reception when it was
known that he was representing
the Winnipeg victims of the general strike on the proposed appeal
ty*' 'the Privy Council from the
sentences passed upon them.
i He pointed out to the delegates
that these men are in Jail, not for
seditious utterances, but because
they were too free ln quoting" the
Bible, labor and socialist aspirations and passages from Henry
George's book on " Progress and
Poverty."
WHILE IN HIS
150 REBELS IN
ONE ILS. JAIL
Charles Ashleigh Liberated from a Ten-year
Sentence
Chicago.—Charles Ashleigh, poet
of the working-class, Is at liberty
again, after having served eighteen
months In the federal penitentiary
at Leavenworth, to which he was
convicted wfth 95 other I. W. W.
His release on bail was obtained
by the American Freedom Foundation which is working for immediate release of all political
prisoners and for restoration of
American political and civil lib'
erty.
Whether Ashleigh will remain
free, or whether he will go back
to serve out the rest of his ten-
year sentence, will depend upon
whether or not the appeal of the
I. W. W. will be sustained. Argument took place here June 15, Attorney Otto Christensen acting as
counsel for defense. It may
several months before the decision
Is handed down.
Ashleigh left behind him at
Leavenworth about 150 political
prisoners. Some 50 of these are I.
W. W. convicted In Chicago; 37 I.
W. W. convicted at Sacramento;
27 I. W. W. imprisoned as a result
of the famous "Wltchlta Indictment." Four more I. W. W. from
San Francisco are In the number.
The others are members of the
Working Class Union of Oklahoma
Kansas City communists; the Ma-
gon brothers; Brent Down Allison
and Jaeger, conscientious objectors.
All of these men are political prisoners still In jail as a result or
war time emergency legislation.
Cut out the list of advertisers,
patronize them, and tell them why
Buy at a union store.
BRITISH LABOR
Delegation Gets a Warm
Welcome From Russian
Proletariat
(By the Federated Press). *
London.—Statesmen of Soviet
Russia are again outwitting the
old-time diplomats of the Entente
at every point of the international
chess game. Pressed continually
with the demand that they honor
the obligations of the czarist regime toward the Entente, they
have countered with a move which
is likely to go down In the history
of diplomacy as of equal brilliancy
with Trotsky's stroke in making
public the secret treaties to which
czarist Russia had been a purty.
" If you hold us to the obligations Incurred by the czar," is the
answer of the Russian In effect,
"then lt Is only fair that you, too,
should honor your obligations.
You promised the czar Constantinople. Vory well, let us have Constantinople. You also ielped finance various military undertakings against Soviet Russia by the
White Guards and other counterrevolutionary forces. Very well,
lf now you desire us to play the
part of direct descendants of the
late czar, then please write off
against any debt Incurred by the
czar, the losses which we have Incurred in having to fight undertakings financed by you."
For the time being the Entente
statesmen are non-plussed. /
Czecho-Slovak Officer  Is
Afraid to Give View of
Soviet Government
ran *;         ■.$%
Troops Are Distrustful-
Surrendered Kolchak to
Save Themselves
Only the uniform that he wore
prevented one of the Czechoslovak officers from giving his
opinion of the Soviet Government
of Russia to a representative of
The Federatlonist on Tuesday
when the Czecho troops passed
through the city on their way
home,—that is lf they reach home
—which ' many of them doubt.
Asked as to his opinion of the
Soviet government, the officer referred to stated': I cannot give
you my opinion while I am In
this uniform, but later I will write
and tell you. Possibly the doubt
that Czecho troops have aa to-why
the expense of their transportation home is being paid for by the
Allies had something to do with
the non-committal answer to a
question that was at least natural
and timely.
Handed Kolchnk Over.
Speaking of the reason that
Kolchak was handed over to the
Bolsheviki, and ln answer to a
question on this subject, one of
the soldiers stated that .the Bolsheviki had surrounded them, and
that In order to save thejnselves
they were compelled to give him
up. That they had no love for
Kolchak was evidenced by a
statement made as to the manner
In which the Czecho troops were
paid. They received 3,000 roubles
as salary, In Kolchack money, and
they found that all they could buy
with this money was a half pound
of tobacco, while they knew that
many millions in British money
had been paid to Kolchak for
the purpose of paying the
Czecho-Slovah troops. The equipment aud arms that the men
wore on their arrival here, were
new and were paid for by the
Allies, our representative was informed.
Referring to the treatment on
the boat coming from Vladivostok, many of the men complained
bitterly, stating that the food on
the Dollar boat was so bad that
the men protested and took over
the kitchens and prepared their
own food. Agents were oh the
boats seeking to induce some of
the men to stay In Canada and
work; they were offered from
seven to ten dollars per day to
work here, but only about fifteen
signed contracts to work here.
Needless to say it ls a moral certainty that they would never have
received seven dollars per day if
they had have stayed; this being
the ruse to get them to stay in
the Canadian " Eldorado."
Mix of Nationalities.
While the returning troops are
supposed to be Czecho-Slovaks, it
was learned that they were made
up of Germans, Austrian*, Hun
garlans, Italians and Czechos, and
that many men of the different na
ttonaltlties had enlisted with them
for the purpose of getting back
to their own lands, and It was
pointed out as an Instance that
the musicians were at least fifty
per cent Germans, and as they
could not be trusted, they had
been placed in the band. 250,000
Germans, Austrlans and Turks,
along with many men from other
Central European countries still
remain In Siberia, was the information obtained from another
officer, who stated that the Czechoslovak troops, even while en route
through Canada were In the command of a French general who
was at the present time In the
old land. It was also learned that
the Allies senr printing presses out
to Siberia, accompanied by editors,
who wrote anything and everything but the truth, and circulated
It amongst the population of that
region, and sent the papers out
to other countries. When told
about the statements of the commandant of the first contingent
that pnssed through the country a
short time ago, as to the productivity of Bohemia, the men
laughed, and stated that all that
was produced there was glassware, beer and coal, and they
more than smiled when they were
told that it had been likened to
England  as a producing country.
I FIJIANS GET
12 MONTHS' SENTENCE
Strikers In An American Colony
Jailed for Objecting to
Slavery,
Sydney, N. S. W.—As a result of
the riots In Fiji, January, some 200
natives have been arrested and
sentenced to terms up to 12 months
with hard labor.
Their grievances are more than
the question of low rates of pay.
They have no political rights, na
franchise, no voice In determining
the laws under which they are
compelled to live, and have no social status. Since the strike they,
have had to have permit! to go out
of doors after nightfall.
Dr. D. M. Manllda, M, A., L.L.B.,
an Indian lawyer, who was regarded as the "leader" of the strike,
has been ordered by the Fiji government to leave that country, and
arrived at New Zealand with his
wife and children. The New Zealand government at first refused to
allow him to enter the country,
but under pressure of public opinion It yielded. The fact that the
Fiji government virtually ordered
him away from Fiji is causing
much unrest and bitterness among
the Indians there.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
their subscriptions are sending in
the old price. The new rates are
aa follows: In Canada, 92.50 per
year; 91.50 per half year. United
States, 93.00 per year. If subscribers will see that tliey send In tlie
proper amount it will aid ns and
also avoid confusion.
SAILORS' UNION APOLOGY
The Vancouver branch of the
Sailors' Union extends an apology
through the Federationist to G.
Waugh, of Nanalmo, In having his
name appear as a strike breaker
in error in the Issue of June 11.
1920.
Where is your union button?
Co-Ops Picnic
The first annual basket picnic
of the Vancouver Co-Operators
will be held oh the recreation
grounds behind the pavilion In
Stanley Park on July 1st. There
will be a variety of sports and
valuable prizes.
O.B.U. MILLMEN
E
Will   Combine   Business.
With  Pleasure  at
Maillardville
Union mill workers employed at
the Fraser mills consider there are
other ways the O. B. U. can function besides holding business meetings to discuss social and economic
questions, therefore they intend to
combine business with pleasure,
and as long as they are able to prevent their masters from exploiting
them to the limit by squeezing out
of them all their energy In producing profits, they Intend to make use
of some of the energy that ls left
over in getting a little amusement
out of life, ln order to attempt to
drive dull care away and make
them forget for a while the worries of how to make their wages
break even with the ever Increasing
cost of living.
Arrangements have been made
to hold a dance at the Moving Pic-'
ture Theatre, Maillardville, oh
Tuesday, June 29, and all those
who care to attend can be assured
of a good time, as a very capable
committee has been elected to
take charge of the arrangements.
Dancing will be from 9 p. m. to
1 a. in. Good music will be provided and the price of admission is;
gents 75c, and ladles. 25 cents.
CZECHO SOCIALISTS
MAKE BIG GAINS
Poll Almost Half the Total Votea
In Election—Win  133
Scuts.
The great battle between the
Socialists of Czechoslovakia and
thoir opponents fought on April
18, in the elections for the Lower
House and resulted in the casting
of 2,878,548 Socialist votes against
2,96(1,503 for tho various bourgeois and "freak" parties. The
final scrutiny of the votes showed
that the Socialists will have 133
deputies against thc 148 elected by
their opponents. The chamber ls
supposed to consist of 300 members, but 19 seats are located in
disputed territory In Carpathla
and Silesia, and are not likely to
be filled for some time. In the old
chamber, which consisted of '_H9
members and was not elected directly hy thc people, the Socialists
had only 89 seats.
|toORSEVALLIANT_
EFFORTS OF EUSSIA
Co-operative Congress   Condemns
I Capitalist Government's Attacks
On Russia.
■ {The co-operative congress at Its
meeting in Bristol, carried the following resolution with great enthusiasm:
"That this congress views with
thanksgiving the vaillant efforts
which are being made by the tolling masses of Russia to establish
the economic life of RuBsia on a
democratic basis, and the use they
are making of the co-operative organization. We assure our Russian
follow co-operators that the bitter
opposition of the capitalists and
capitalist governments to their efforts Is bitterly resented by the co-
oporators represented at this congress.
"Further, we urge upon, the
wholesale societies the Importance
and urgency of establishing direct
contact with the co-operative movement in Russia, and of rendering
every assistance In their power and
capacity;"
Women's Co-Op Guild
Owing to the picnic, the date of
ihe meeting of the Women's Cooperative Guild (Central Branch)
meeting will be changed to Friday,
July, 2nd, In the Council chamber
of the city hall.    .
Their Best Friends
The best friends of the ruling
class and politicians are recognized by them as the men and
Women who are. opposed to capitalism and yet at the same time
help elect to offlce the upholders
of the present system by refrain
ing to use the franchise. Every
man and woman, irrespective of
Where they now reside in the province of British Columbia, or
Where they reside at the time of
the election, will, under the present statutes, be given a chance
to vote. If you have not registered during the past month, do
so at the first opportunity.
Soviet Troops Will Not
Retaliate on Misguided
Workers
Berlin.—In the Frelhelt of May
20, Is prominently displayed an
army order issued to all the Russian Soviet troops engaged in resisting the Polish Invasion. The
.order which Is dated May 13, and
signed by Minister of War Trotzky,
reads as follows:
' "Under all circumstances are
■prisoners and wounded men to be
treated as opponents who are entitled to protection.
' "If the Polish White Guards
commit massacres and execute not
only Communists, but every Russian who falls into their hands,
Soviet Russia will hold the ruling
classes, and not the Polish workers responsible for this.
"All tho Polish crimes deserve
but one answer: Vigorous attacks
upon tho Polish White Guards."
' The Frelhelt comments upon
the order by saying that "Russia
feels strong enough not to retaliate upon misguided Polish workers for the crimes of adventurers."
Welsh Mlnciti Help.
The Welsh Miners' Federation
has donated 200 guineas to the
Winnipeg defense fund.
A. F. OF L. VOTES FOR
RUSSIAN BLOCKADE
I
1KILKW.IL
A Mass Meeting
OF ALL 0. B. U. MEMBERS AND FRIENDS
-Will be held ia the-
0. B. U. HALL, Pender and Howe Sts.
Wednesday, June 30 at 8 p.m.
Everybody get there, as there will be important questions
up for discussion
■■»i ii|.»i|i.i n ir imm .■.i»i>.i»ii«^.».^ii^i«iiti.si.«ii»ftlit>-e"ii-»Mi^"t"e^M»iiM>,^-i.^^-»^.^^
Passes Bill to Enforce the
Check-off System in
District No. 1
The House of Commons at Ottawa has passed a bill confirming
the appointment, of Director of
Coal Operations Armstrong. This
was done in order to legalize the
action of Armstrong's U. M. W.
A. check-off which lhe minors
were opposing by actions in the!
courts. This is probably thc flrrit;
bill that the House of Commons'
has passed ungrudgingly at th
request of a labor union. This
legislation makes it compulsory
for Alberta miners to belong to
the International union, Buplt Is
a well-known fact that practically
all statutes are broken from tlmq
to time, and there Is not the least
doubt but this legislation wilt meet]
the same fate, and It will then
probably be necessary to make a
law compelling miners to work In
Alberta,
Gompers Leadt. Fight In Opposition to Russian
Democracy.
Montreal. — Once more the
American Federation of Labor, In
convention, has accepted by a large
mnjority the view of its president
and Its resolutions committee that
the Russian Soviet government
must be either destroyed or boycotted until it becomes another
type of government. Here, as ln
ihe Atlantic City convention of a
i'cttr ago, the issue was drawn by
resolutions offered by Sollnlfst and
"left" delegates, demanding that
thc blockade bc lifted. The con
ventlon In effect voted approval of
the blockade.
I NEXT Mil
BE A
DEFENSE FUND.
Hedley Workers'  Unit  of the  O.
B. U., per T. R. Wllley .... $20
International Labor Boycott Against Bloodthirsty Nation
Vienna.—Hungary was practically isolated .Monday as a result
of the International labor boycott.
The majority of postal, telegraph,
telephone, railway and navigation
employees of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and Italy have
Joined in the bun which tho International union placed on Hungary.
Unless Hungary yields within u
week the boycott will be extended
to passenger trafllc, union leaders
said. Thc Hungarian minister
was expected to resign as a result
of the boycott.
Conditions on whloh thc boycott
would bc abandoned were presented by the Hungarian socialists and
Included free speech and free assembly, cessations of prosecutions
against radicals, cessation of military supervision of political prisoners and establishment of jury
trials.
Militarists Are Already
Considering Unspeakable Methods
Glasgow Herald Says It Is
Enough   to   Make
Flesh Creep
The Glasgow Forward has
brought to the attention of the
workers of the old land the enormities that are contemplated in
the next war. To do this It has
published extracts from a leading
article ln the Glasgow Herald. For
the information of our readers we
publish the Forward's article In
full.   It Is as follows:
"We have never seen In a capitalist print anything more calculated to shake the masses from
their somnolence before the appal-
Ing dangers that threaten us from
our mad rulers, than the first leading article appearing tn the Glasgow Herald, on Tuesday, June 1,
"The sentiments expressed are,
of course, a commonplace to our
readers. It Is the fact that they
appeared In the Glasgow Herald
that gives them special significance.
After hoping that the Americans
will not begin competitive warship
building with Britain despite the
wasted money on the Hood battleship—"several millions which tl^j
majority of the British would prefer to have standing to their credit
(rather) than sunk ln a colossal
floating fortress that none of us
wishes to see wasting Its thunders
in the doubly destructive game of
war"—it goes on;
Ominous Signs
There are ominous signs visible
In all directions that the militarists
In the countries are as enamoured
as ever they were of the ancient
maxim, "SI vis pacem para butlum."
The "war to end war" has given
us an empty phrase, or one whose
bitter irony Is worse than emptiness. It has apparently at the
same time infused fresh vitality
Into the speculations with which
the men of war embroider their
favorite adage, and as these speculations make the devilries of German Invention or Introduction
their starting point, and assume as
as axiomatic a series of scientific
applications to the art of war which
pays no more regard to morality,
or chivalry, or humane qualities
than a prowling tiger does to the
Ten Commandments, It will be understood that with the experts the
war that was to enthrone justice
and peace among the nations is Interpreted as the curtain-raiser to a
struggle ln which the developments
of science will be employed to exterminate the human race. The
views expressed by naval and mill
tary authorities in the quarterly
Journal of the Royal United Service Institution can not bc too wide
ly read If we are to realize the
cold-blooded cynicism with which
the future of warfare Is treated by
great war and have learned noth-
men who have come through the
ing from it except the practicability
of augmenting -the horrors and
completing the tragedy of race-
suicide. Colonel Fuller, late chief
staff officer of the tank corps In
France, In the course of a lecture,
speaks as follows:
Another revolution in warfare
faces us both on land and sea-
gas warfare. Do not let us minimise Its possibilities. . . , Everything new has in its time been attributed to his Satanic majesty
who, indeed, must be the greatest
of Inventors. Jn this capacity I
frankly admit myself to be a devil-
worshipper, and I can not help
feeling that I am at this moment
among friends and not amongst
theologians." And Major-General
Swinton "goes one better," if the
term may be allowed. "I Imagine,"
he says, "from the progress that
has been made in tho past that in
thc future we will not have recourse to gas alone, but we will
employ every force of naturo that
we can; and there is a tendency at
present for progress in the development of the different forms of
rays which can bc turned to lethal
purposes. We have X-rays, we
have light rays, we have heat rays.
. . . The final form of human
warfare, as I regard It, Is germ-
warfare, I think it will come to
that, and so far as I soe there fs no
renson why It should not, if wc
mean to fight."
If Wc Mean to Figlit
"If we mean to fight," There
Is enough in these quotations tn
make our flesh to creep and perhaps also our blood to boil, not
merely because of the enormities
threatened, but because of the un-
Impassioned, nlmost indifferent
(Continued on page 8)
IMlHT
Will Discuss the Question
of Periodical
Dances
Tho regular meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. TJ.
will be held in the O. B. U. hall,
corner of Pender and Howe ctreets
tonight (Friday), at 8 o'clock.
Every member ia requested to attend this meeting, as the question
of holding periodical dances will
be brought up for discussion.
Charles Lestor will continue his
lecture on Economics, and the
educational value of a' thorough
understanding of this subject can
not be under estimated in these
days when Empires crumble over
night, and capitalism is slowly but
surely crumbling.
SECRET IT
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you are through with it.
Workers9   Coundl   Con
trols City During General Strike
A Waterford correspondent of the
Daily Herald writes:
During the recent general strike
Waterford was controlled by the
Workers' Council and Labor Party,
which represents over 5000 organized workers, and of which the
Transport Workers' Union forms a
part. The pickets, or "Red
Guards," as they have been called,
were established by the council,
under the control of a commandant,
a delegate to the council from the
local branch of the N. U, R. To
the credit of thc Workers' Council,
it must be admitted they did their
work effectively and well, and have
been complimented by all parlies
except a few reactionaries.
And to the honor of the Sinn Fein
mayor (Alderman Dr. White), be
it said that he gave over the town
hall buildings to thc Soviet authority without the slightest demur. In
fact, he was the first to recognize
its authority, and went so far as
to move at the next corporation
meeting a vote of congratulation
to the Workers' Council, expressing the hope that the Soviet government of Waterford city would
again have the opportunity of demonstrating its strength.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
thcir subscriptions aro sending In
the old price. The new rates aro
aa follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
your; $1.50 per half year, rutted
Suites, 9^.00 per yenr. If subsi-rlh-
ers will see tliat they send hi the
proper amount It will aid us und
also avoid confusion.
POLISH ARMY
ON 1 RUN
Backbone of Offensive Is
Broken—Warsaw May
Be Occupied
London. — Bolshevlskl forces
have taken 30,000 Polish prisoners
in a new attack along the Dvlna
river, extending from Dvlnslt to
Polotsk, according* to a wireless
message from Berlin. The Poles
also lost 1(15 guns. Two Polish
cavalry regiments were destroyed
at  Polotsk,
The Polish forces broke nnd fled
before the triumphant Soviet armies, and have been flung bad'
across the Dnieper river to thi
eaat of itczhltaa. The Poles ur<
still in full flight, tho dispatch
says, and are being driven bad
towards  Ovnlteh  nnd   Korosten.
On the left bank of the Dnlepei
the Bolshevist forces have com
plolely shuttered thc enemy's re
sistnnce, and nre mnking a rapid
advance toward Kameneta-Pcftlol-
sky. The backbone of Polish aggression against the Soviet republic, which hns been financed by
International banking Interests,
now seems to hnvo been broken.
The Berlin message added that
It was feared the Red troops might
occupy Warsaw nnd thai scrloUS
trouble had broken out within th*
polish ranks,
London.—Polish forces nre preparing to exneunte Vllna In the
face of strong Bolshevik attacks
according to news despatches re
ceived here.
Prostitute Diplomats and
Press Are Afraid of
the Truth
Another Nation Seeks to
Make Peace With
Russia
[By Paul Hanna]
Washington—Without mention in
the press, and carefully Ignored by
our State department, an official
delegation has left the capital of
Czechoslovakia for Moscow, with
instructions to conclude peace with
the Russian Soviet government.
This event Is exceedingly embarrassing to the Wilson administration, which continues to Issue several timea each week batches of
gossip about hard conditions in
Russia, which have been gathered
up by diplomatic agents abroad or
culled from "White Guard" newspapers In the Baltic countries. Th*
evident purpose of these "handouts" is to bolster up the official
American pretence that the Soviet
government ls still "about to fall."
While the peace negotiationi
with Moscow are reported on the
best of authority, the Caecb legation here maintains a prudent silence on the subject. When they
shake hands with the Russian workers, the Czechs know they will
caifce the keenest pain at the White
House and State department, Yet
shake hnnds they must, it is said,
for the various reasons that the
Czech workmen demand It, the
Czech population needs Russian
food and materials, and finally becnuse a real alliance with Russia
may be neceebary to save Czechoslovakia - from Polish expansion
southward.
Also, there is the British example to bless the overtures. Concerning the warm official welcome
given in London to the Soviet mission, headed by Gregory Kraskrin,
official intorest here centres for
the moment In the reported episode of King George's invitation to
Krassin to visit His Majdrty at
Buckingham Palace.
Krassln is said to have accepted
the invitation, on condition that
his visit to tho King be publicly
announced in the press, But Tory
nerves in Britain are not yet settled enough t* resist sueh an open
shock. King George, it seems, had
hoped merely to administer to
Krassin In private a potion of the
diplomatic sedative which history
shows has proved bo effective—
notably In tho case of President
Wilson.
So. Krassln was told 1Kb visit
must be in secret. "Then I shall
not come," replied the Bolshevik
envoy.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copley of PrltchardV address to
the jury can now lie secured at tlio
Federatlonist Office. The words
of Pritchard, when addressing tlio
jury at Winnipeg will go down In
history ns u part of the struggle in
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a copy. Get
your* before llie rush starts, price
25 cents.
Get On the Voters' List
You may think that no change
can be brought about by voting,
but at lenst you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
it ts up to you to get on tbe list
for your district.
Defense Fund.
Prince   Rupert   Women's  Auxiliary of the O. B. L\, J140
Electrical Workers
LOCAL 310
AU members are requested to attend meeting' in tbe
LABOR TEMPLE
Monday, June 28 at 8 p. m.
Important to all.
THOS. E. LEE,
,-.-■'    Representing General Offloe of the I. B. E. W.
— ■' ■ I I, HI I IH1 I I IH I Ml II ltl-1 I I I—I I I I I I I I I I III I >»
U.ITK
I
50,000 Union Men Recognize A. F. of L. as
Harmful
i By the Federated Press).
New York.—With the adoption
of a constitution which states as
its main purpose the 'formation
of a close allalnce of labor for the
protection of all workers in any
branch of Industry, the United
Labor Council has come into be-.
Ing, At present it comprises
twenty-seven independent unions
with a total membership of SO,250.
The council proposes, according to
[he constitution, to concentrate the
offorts of all unions in order to
exert the maximum power of the
working clnss against organized
capital, thereby shortening the industrial  conflict."
Severance of all connection with
the American Federation of Labor,
whose polloles the constitution declares to be u iiprogressive and
harmful to the best interests of
the working class, is *one inula
condition of membership ia the
council. It will be eompoued of
delegates elected from the rank
nnd file.
Some of the unions now affiliated
with the council are tho International Federation of Hotel
Workers, United Electrical Workers of America, Locals 30 and 82
of the Brotherhood of Metal
Workers, International Carpenters*
Union, Locals 114 and 148, Feather Boa Workera, Glove Makers,
Journeymen Baken, International
Painters' Looal No. 1, and the
House Wreckers' Union, PXGETWO
twelfth teak, no. 2e    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
...June 26, 1920 *
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
FRESH HEAT DEPARTMENT
CANTERBURY LAMB SPECIAL
Fiiii'st Canterbury Lanili .Shoulders,
regular 85o lb., Saturday morning,   lb 300
Fineat Tender Pot Roasts,
Finest Tender Uven Roasts,
from, lb 23c
No. 1 Boiling Beef, from, lb 22c
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Slater's  Sugar Cured Streaky Bacon,
lb fifio
Slater'a   Sliced   Sugar   Cured   Bacon,
]1> 80c
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll, lb. ..60c
sinter's Sliced Ayrshire Backs, lb. 45c
Sluter's Sliced Ayrshire Roll, lb. ..65c
' CANTERBURY LAMB SPECIAL
Finest   Canterbury    Lamb_ Loins,
very  nice   and   tender; ""regular
40a lb.,  Saturday morning,  per
lb 32c
SATURDAY SPECIAL
From 8 a.m.  to   11  a.m. we will
aell our regular f>5c sliced bacon
.Special,  2  lbs.  for  $1.00
Speolal, 1 lb. for  60c
Finest Tender Boneless Roasts, lb. 30c
Finest Prime Kill Roasts, lb., up....30c
Finest Pork Roast, shank end,
per lb _ SO'/aO
Finest  Canadian   Cheese,   lb 38c
Finest Canadian Cream Cheese. Ib. 45c
Finest B. C. Cream ChoeBO, pkt 20c
FORK SPECIAL
Finest No. 1 Pork .Shoulders,
weighing from 4% to 0 lbs., regular  38c  lb.,   Friday   and   Sat-
,   unlay, while they last, lb. ..30c
BUTTEB1 BUTTER! BUTTER!
From 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. we will
sell our No. 1 Alberta Creamery Butter, reg. 70 c lb,
Special  Saturday,   lb. — 60c
Limit 3 lbs.
Del Monto Pineapple, tin  37e
Lnrge Tins Tomatoes,  tin  IBe
Finest Oreen Peas,  3  lbs.   _ 26c
Finest Split Peas, 2 lbs 26c
Cowan's Cocoa, Vlb. tins  26c
B. C, Fresh Eggs, doien ................6oc
Finest Beof Dripping, ib SOc
Finest Salt Pork,  lb - 46c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Sugar Cured
Picnic Hams, reg. B6o lb.. Friday and Saturday, lh 28 Vic
Be sure you get one. The above
Picnic Hams are excellent for
boiling.
ONIONS1     ONIONSI     ONIONS.
Swept. Now, Dry Onions, all good,
no bad ones, speeial Friday and
Saturday, while they last, 8 lbs.
for    26c
Finest Puro Lard, 3 lbs, for $1.00
Slater's Famous Toa, Ib SOc
THREE BIO STORES
123 Hastings E.       Phone Sey. 328S
830 Oranvllle St       Phona Sey. BBS
3260 Mala St. Phona Fair. 1681
COM
Burns'
Lard
from
lb.
'OUND LARD SPECIAL
Finest Carnation Compound
reg.    35c    lb.,    Saturday
8 a.m. to 11 a.m., apeclal
Mass Meeting
Against the Prohibition Act
DOMINION HALL
339 Pender Street West
Tonight, Friday
at 8.15 p. m.
Undter the Auspices of The Moderation League
A Close-up of Shantung
DIAGNOSIS
Dental
Workmanship  /70F
"WithoutWax" f|ETH
Early buildera hid defects In maaonry by. smoothing over with wax, which later melted with the
sun—showed these scars after the job was done.
So the Latin of our word "sincerity" means "without wax"—that only sound materials were used
by high-grade workmen.
Sincerity, sound materials, high-grade workmanship—are yours when you come to me,
A Most Moderate Chnrge      j
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist
602 HASTINOS ST. WEST
Corner Seymour
PHONE SET. 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one /ear's subscription to The
B. O. Federationist, will bo mailed to
any address in Canada for $22.50
(Good anywhere outside of Vancouver
city,) <)rdor ton today. Remit when sold.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
THE PRIDE OF CRAFTSMANSHIP IS
EMBODIED IN EVERY PIANO BEAR-
ING THE NAME
Martin-Orme
NOT only In case design and outward appearance, but
in internal construction, the Mnrtin-Orme Is different, distinctive, a pianoforte In which has bcen em-
- fcodled originality of thought, loving care In tho making.
For every Martin-Orme, ls practically a hand-made piano.
Mr. Owain Martin, the designer, a recognized genius of*
acoustics, has not only blazed a new train in his "violo-
form" system oC construction (by which the instrument
Improves with age and playing), but he has the craftsman's
pride of production. Every Instrument must be built and
flrflshed Individually—just as he himself wouid have it
were he to do the work himself. This conscientiousness 1*
not without result.
Hear the Martin-Orme Now
SWITZER BROS. LTD.
It It's Musical—We Have It
312 HASTINGS STREET WEST
On the morning of February 6,
the Hanamot, an American vessel,
arrived at the quarantine station of
Tsingtao, chief port of Shantung.
After making his Inspection, the
port doctor authoried the quarantine flag to be hauled down, but
the steamer could not enter the
inner harbor Immediately because
her berth was not vacant. Having
been given permission by the doctor, Captain Lennox, a British subject, went ashore in hljj own gig to
see the owners of the vessel, returning about an hour later. On
February 9, Japanese police officers boarded the vessel and demanded that Captain Lennox and
the Chinese chief steward, Lln
Shun Sheng, accompany them to
the police station, thus making an
arrest upon an American ship. At
the police station Captain Lennox
waa charged with having violated
harbor regulations by landing without permission while hla ship was
in quarantine. He was not provided with a competent interpreter, and his request that the British consulur representative be sent
for was entirely ignored. Questioned for several hours, he was
finally compelled to pay a flne of
19 silver yen and to sign a document written in Japanese, which
had not been translated to him.
He was detained as a prisoner for
several hours even after he had
paid the fine.
In the meantime the chief steward was also being subjocted to
examination. Accused of having
opium In his possession, he was
severely beaten and kicked, besides undergoing the torture of
having cold water forced down his
throat. After several hours of Ill-
treatment, he was eventually released.
An Investigation of this Incident,
the present account of which was
condensed from a report by the
British consul, brought to light a
very remarkable set of regulations
concerning the powers of the Japanese garrison at Tsingtao. The
translation made for the consulate
by Mr. G. Ito reads as follows:
Article 1. Any officer or noncommissioned officer of gendarmerie under the army headquarters of
the Tsingtao garrison can give a
summary decision ln respect to the
following criminal offenses ln the
oefcupied territory under the garrison of Tsingtao:
1, Any offense punishable by
detention or line where the detention docs not exceed thirty days,
or the fine does not exceed twenty
yen, or the offense Is punishable
by confiscation.
2. Any offense committed by a
Chinese or Korean where the punishment Is detention not exceeding
sixty days, a flne not exceeding
fifty yen, a beating not exceeding
thirty blows, penal servitude not
exceeding sixty days or banishment
not exceeding two years.
Article 2. Summary conviction
does not require a formal trial, and
sentence shall be given Immediately after hearing the statement of
the defendant and examining the
evidence. Sentence may be communicated immediately to the accused or may be sent to his residence without summoning him to
the court, and lf summoned to the
court, sentence may be pronounced
without his being present in the
court.
Article 3. The following points
shall be stated in a sentence of
summary conviction:
Name, age, rank, residence and
profession of the defendant; placo,
date and nature of crime and penalty; rank and name of officer giving sentence, and date thereof.
Article 4. In case of summary
conviction, the defendant cannot
apply for a formal trial.
Stand back Just aonoment, ladles
and gentlemen, so that the full
glories of this legal masterpiece
may burst upon you. Note that
any commissioned or non-commissioned officer of the Japanese garrison has power to arrest and sentence any person without the pretense of a hearing and that the defendant being convicted, cannot apply for a formal trial! Note that a
Japanese corporal or sergeant is
permitted to sentence a Chinese or
Korean—the combination Is significant—to banishment for two
yeara; a beating of thirty blows—
nnd only one who has visited mission hospitals In Korea--ean realize
what this means; imprisonment for
sixty days; or a flne of fifty yen!
Note, too, that the soldier who acts
as judge, jury and prosecutor has
full power of confiscation, and that
it Is not necessary to pronounce
sentence in the presence of the defendant. Truly, it Is quite enough
to make the gentleman who designed tho lion's mouth In Venice
turn over so heavily as to disturb
the marble angel on hla sepulchre.
No wonder that the foreign offi-'
clais of Tsingtao receive communications from Chinese asking that
the League of Nations send the
Prussians back to Shantung. Remember, also, that these regulations were not framed merely to
put the fear of the Japanese uniform into Chinese hearts. They
apply, with lesser penalties, to for-
Blgnws, us illustrated hy the arbitrary arrest nnd conviction of Capt.
Lennox. The police summary trial
is an old friend In Korea, but Hs
Shantung version adds a few thrills
which are strangers even to that
much-harassed peninsula. Evidently Japan Is preparing another
candidato for the bad government
prize of the world,
A Korean Flavor
Many other occurrences In Tslhg-
tao have a decidedly Korean flavor.
Dr. O. E. Scott, Presbyterian missionary formerly Btationed at
Tsingtao, and now working at
Tslnnanfu, describes the closing of
a foreign hospital and a mission
school. "The Japanese government
took steps to reduce the resident
doctors from two to ono and the
nurses from four to one," Dr. Scott
declares. "In addition, an arbitrary tax of ?600 a year was Imposed upon the Institution, the Idea
being to force the hospital to closo
so that the Japanese might take
ovor the plant, as they had already taken over tha big German
military hospital. To make the
pressure more annoying, the Japanese planted families on the right
and left of the hospital. These
families had packs of wolf-hounds
that bayed, snarled and fought at
all hours of the day and night,
making It impossible for doctors,
pntlonts, or attendants to sleep.
Across a narrow strent in front, a
brothel waa planted, tlie noi.se from
whicli continued all night long.
Formal protests to the highest officials   were  unavailing;   even   pro
tests by the American consul- resident at Tsingtao were entirely, disregarded when he pleaded for quiet
for the American consul at Tsln-
anfu, who was ill at the hospital.
Yot the bell of a Christian qhuroh
at a considerable distance from the
Japanese military hospital was not
allowed to be rung once a week; ^o
summon worshippers to service, as
tho Japanese doctors said that the
noise would disturb their patients,"
A Hell on Earth
Another accusation brought by
Dr. Scott against the Japanese au-
thorities concerns the establishment of a red-light district across
the street from the Presbyteriun
compound. That this location was
deliberately chose n ls proved, he
says, by the fact it was necessary
to fill In swampy land at great
exepense ln order to put up the
buildjngs, whereaa there were
many sites In other parts of the
city where the difficulty could
have been avoided. "When , thu
district was completed, beautiful
invitation cards were sent to ull
the foreigners ln the city with
the exception of the consuls and
the missionaries," Dr. Scott
states. "The entire Japanese pop
ulatlon, including officials in gala
uniforms, turned out for a three
days' opening. During this time
the people of the mission wero
face to face with a little hell on
earth. The disorder was greatly
increased by the free distribution
of sake. As a crowing Insult to
the American . population one of
the bsothels bore an English name,
"The  White  House."
"Japanese in uniform have repeatedly stated 111 the hearing of
foreigners that there are too many
American missionaries in Shantung." After invading the Presbyterian boys' sohool on many occasions and subjecting the missionaries to minute questioning,
the entire teaching staff—Including American men and women
and Chinese co-workers—were
summoned by the Japanese police
to answer to charges of sedttous
activity. The school was closed
and the Chinese teachers banished. Missionaries arriving from the
interior were forbidden to go to
the compound, the self-supporting
native church was broken up, and
Chinese evangelists conducting
Women's Bible classes were placed
under arrest
No Open Clashes
In Tsinanfu, the capital of the
province, the Japanese prefer to
work quietly. There have beed no
open clashes with the Chlneiit., dtid'
Dr. Neal, president of the iShkti-
tung Christian University, '..tiites
that, with the exception of tffcthlg
a few bitter editorials, the Japanese have made no effort t6 tise
their influence against the mifcAbn-
arles. In fact, a Japanese ^ghgrjil
recently visited thc institution rfijd
expressed his approval of Its work.
The treaty grants the Japanese''no
unusual rights in the city, e'kiept
at the depot of the Tslnfrtiitt-
Tslnanfu railroad, but the 'Work,
of colonization is going on tfpacje. I
Conservative estimates plaiM "the
Japanese population at 2,5001*' Tike
Japanese consulate, hospital',1 'and
school are among the most' pvj)-
tentious buildings in Tsinanfu.1'In
direct contradiction to their, treaty
rights, the Japanese built barracks
for a force of four hundred soldiers, and then had the effrontery
to Invite the Chinese military and
civil governors to the opening ex
erclses. The governors refused to
lose face by witnessing the public
humiliation of their province, but
the ceremonies took place anyway, and the soldiers have remained. In the military compound
s/inds the great iwirelesa plant
which Ib in coristant communlca-
tion with Toltyo, and which towers
over the city like a sinister symbol,
Japanese colonists have captured
a large share of Tsinan's retail
business, besides opening a flour
mill, a match factory, and three
pretentious plants for the preparation of dried eggs—a product
which is exported to America.
The building of the match factory
caused loud protest from a Chinese
factory which had been given by
the Peking government a monopoly on the match business within
a radius of 300 11. The Chinese
sent petitions to the ministers of
agriculture, commerce, and foreign affairs, declaring that Tsinanfu ls not a treaty port and that
the Japanese have no right to
ignore the monopoly. Just what
answers they have received Is.not
known, but the Japanese match
factory continues to do business
at its new stand without registering any Interest ln the edicts of
the Peking government. Most of
the land secured by the Japanese
ln Tsinanfu has been leased for a
thirty year term. The property
on which the consulate stands,
however, was formerly used by Japanese tennis players, with the
tacit consent of tho Chinese authorities who regarded it as public land owned by the provincial
government, One pleasant day the
Japanese cleared away the tennis
courts and proceeded to erect
buildings without going through
the formality of asking permission
or securing any sort of title.^.(Tti*y
havo claimed since that propeV y
was given to them by a for* ir
official of Shantung who conveniently died In the meantime ai)d
Is, therefore, of not much uaettka
a witness. Despite many requests
from the local authorities,. > thay
have failed thus far to produce
any documentary proofs of th^de-
funct official's generosity,    ti
(O'-J
Opium Traffic       ...
The most pernicious activity of
the Japanese ln Tsinanfu centers
around the many dusty little ahobs
which bear the label /drugstores. Students from the Shantung Christian University, in. llle
course of a recent investigation,
purchased opium at ninety of these
stores, all but a scant dozen of
whlch^were conducted openly by
Japanese. The International Anti-
Opium Association discovered G2
Japanese dealers, besides 500,000
opium pellets of Japanese make.
Chinese who deal tn opium are
severely punished, but. the provincial authorities have no power
to reach the Japanese vendors,
after petition has gone-to the Japanese consul, asking him to prevent his countrymen from demoralizing the people of Tsinanfu..
The trafflc, however, continues to
Increase, and the fact that the
Chinese customs officials no longer
have any jurisdiction In Tsinanfu
makes the Importation of opium
an easy and profitable business.
Tn everv newsnaner of Shantunc
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
Retirement   of   a   Great   Soldier.
The smoke-room of the Howitzer Club, where General Chutney
Flush-Phiz was famous aipong famous mon, will know him no
more. He was true to the type
of a soldier and a gentleman,
the kind which has made this
country envied by all the world.
While the Howitzer Club lasts it
will bear the deep marks of the
influence of that strong-jawed
man who earned his fame In
what, till the discovery of the
Gas Blighter Tank and the Flying Germ Sprayer, was humorously described as the Great
War by a generation which never
knew the magnificent expanse of
a real cemetery. But though war
may change from the mere incidental killing of a young primrose-gatherer by wasteful bomb-
dropping to the timely poisoning
of a school after prayers, we
should never forgot the debt we
owe to men like General Flush-
Phiz. It is well known that
every time this flne old soldier
heard the words "Peace" or
League of Nations" he dropped
his cigar, and fixed his teeth
firmly In a club table, from whicli
the attendants could release his
strong grip only by making behind him a noise like a cork.
His sign canine, the true bull-,
dog mark, ls to be found on
most of the tables of the club,
It was characterlstio of the
Generul that, In the prime of
his military genius, during the
war with Germany, he discour
aged the then new notion of using tanks to break the enemy's
line, declaring vehemently that
his men would never forgive him
for not letting them do lt themselves. He hae now entered a
nursing home, suffering from Incurable shell-shock; not till too
late was It discovered that in his
new house the sound from the
pantry of his cook popping tho
marrowfats penetrated to his
study, where he was wont to sit
looking at an old plckelhaube.—
Dally Dustpan, July SOth, 1940.
Wake Up, England!
At a meeting of the Gomorrah
(Palestine) branch of the Friends
of Huin, held yesterday, Colonel
Eblis, of the Bacteriological
Branch of the War Office, said
he hoped they would never hear
any moro of such dangerous cant
aa goodwill and fellowship. They,
in Palestine of all places, ought
to know what happened to those
who showed goodwill. They were
crucified. It was disastrous rubbish, and would, he could assure
them, prove fatal to the future
of their great Empire. Thoy
could take It from him, for he
knew what was going on. Such
cant was all very well in the
easy days when Sister Susie sewed
those historic shirts for soldiers.
Fortunately, she did not have to
sew even shrouds nowadays.
There wasn't enough left to make
it worth while burying a man
after they had done with him,
(Loud laughter.) Moreover, Sister Susie usually died, in modern
war, before the soldiers. (More
laughter). There wore no civilians ln war such as they waged,
In the Great War—he could never
understand why it was called
great, unless It was that the
people of those days got swelled
heads"' through losing one man
and a boy in each family—in that
war the civilian thought It a
hardship to have to shepherd his
little flock into the coal hole on
moonlight nights. Now he knows
there are no coal holes deep
enough to be of any use, and
that his little flock Is the first
objectivo In war. To-day, In battle, the child in the cradle has
tho place of honor. (Loud
cheers). If it was noble of a
man to surrender his flrst-born
for the trenches, what was it
to-day when he surrendered his
whole family to a cloud of absolutely fatal germs? (Hear,
hear). They could call that old
war what they pleased, and
praise the sacrifices of those who
took part In it. But what was
an air-raid to a whole parish
valiantly perishing of anthrax?
What was the death of three sons
to a town In which every citizen
had sleeping sickness caused by
the latest gas? Harder teats of
manhood, of the Christian virtues,
were demanded to-day. Men had
to be Infinitely more noble and
enduring. We must be prepared
for the worst—perhaps for total
extinction. (Applause). — Thc
Pictorial   Whine.
Pulclieria Restored.
The pacification of the Pul-
cheria region is now almost complete (writes our special correspondent). Since 1914, when its
unhappy natives were forced to
flght in the German army, and
after   tho   armistice,   when   what
was left of them patriotically
volunteered to flght Bolsheviks
for the Allies, or anything else,
If the only other alternative were
starvation, this nation has been
winning Its way to peace and
freedom. Some of its extremists
having set up a Socialist community, the Allies, twenty years
ago, to save the new State from
dissolution, were then compelled
to intervene, and though it has
taken long to do it, the work of
re-establishing law and ordei
all but finished. The land is once
more ready for the plough, the
arts of peace, and the Gospel,
Labor Is the only difficulty. Interviewing one of our airmen, who
has long been engaged in enforcing justice here, he told me
he thinks he must have bombed
the last field mouse three weeks
ago. . " I have been flying ever
since over the whole country, and
I haven't seen a movement, I
thought I saw life one day last
week In a village which ought
to have been dead, and fired six
bursts of my Neckinslldes rifle into
it. But lt proved to be only vultures, though goodness knows
what they expected tb pick up.
Practically nothing has died
there for months now. It's all
finished."—Evangelical Record.
The .finmam Affair.
Giving evidence yesterday before the Commission Inquiring into the strike troubles at Jimgam,
and the official measures taken,
General Tompion, asked whether
he thought military necessity was
rtbove questions of morality and
justice, said that when it was a
case of military necessity there
was no other question Involved.
" What, then, Is military necessity?" asked the President of the
Commission.
" The opinion of the officer responsible," promptly retorted the
General,
"But lt may be a wrong
opinion ?" queried a member of
the Commission.
"That has nothing to do with
it. It ls the view of the military
officer in  charge."
Orders, he added, were not
given to be examined for errors
in judgment, but to be obeyed.
It was Immaterial lf a military
order was wrong. It was an
order. He waa a plain soldier.
"But this order compelling any
man passing through the streets
alongside the works to take his
boots off and drink from tho
horse trough, was that degradation necessary?"
"Tha^wns my opinion. It wasi
necessary to break their spirit.
It was reported to me by one of
my officers that he had heard a
striker say I was a funny old
guy. With a spirit like that
abroad a soldier must either take
strong measures, or the gnme is
up."
"What game Is that?" shouted
a voice from the back of the
court.
When the police had restored
order in the court, the President
asked the General what he
thought of the bombing of the
school from an aeroplane.
" It was an error of judgment
which anyone would make," said
the General. " It is Impossible
to know just what you aro do-
lugrin an aeroplane. From the
height the officer was, the children pouring out of school to dinner would look like a riot. One
cannot come down to flnd out
the truth. Tho worst might be
over by the time one had done
that. There Is no time for it.
Ono must act, and act promptly.')
"The President thanked the
Genoral for the courtesy of his
replies, and the Inquiry closed
till Monday next. — Evening
Scream, from the London Nation,
We want you to visit
our June Sale
WHAT YO0 GET IF YOU BUY:
VALUES that mean 25 per cent to 50 per cent off regular prices
—our prices. Our prices are domestic prices—are many dollars
below prices imposed on imported goods. They are within the
reach of the most meagre purse,
STYLES that are the very latest fashion hints—translated by
export designers in costumes of rare, charm. Whether It be a
Suit, a Coat or a pretty Dress, it is an exclusive creation that will
afford you the greatest possible pleasure to wear.  And now
Amazingly Low Priced
The Home of
Authentic Style
623
HASTINGS ST. W,
Near Granville
Milwaukee. — Timber "*Vorkers
who went on strike May 2 to establish the eight-hour day are
standing firm and the ranks are
growing daily, according to Henry
Ohl, jr., general organizer, Wisconsin Federation of Labor, just
returned from a trip through the
state. Reports from all large timber work sections In the strikebound district, comprising Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, and
the Canadian border, tell of the
flne spirit of the workers and determination to stick to the finish,
Ohl jiid. 1
London. — A propaganda campaign to "make the people realize
the true character of the prime
minister, Lloyd George" has been
launched by the Independent Labor Party, A two-million-shilling
fund Is the goal set Tho money
will be used ln circularizing
branches of the fiabor party and
trade unions and In running candidates for every constituency at
the nert general election,
under Japanese influence appear
arthles -and editorials passionately
disavowing nny object except that
of China's own good. "Anybody
with intelligence knows that Japan
'has no evil Intentions towards
China," declares the Tsingtao Selto
tehtmpo, " the actions of Japan
are, In fact, that very righteousness and humanity so loudly proclaimed by Mr. Wilson, the alleged saviour of the world." An
announcement that the Japanese
Foreign Offlce has proposed to return Japan's sharo of the Boxer
indemnity and that P> will do Its
utmost to persuade the other
Allied Powers to take similar action has been given wide publicity
in the Shantung press. But
japan's trump • card ts apparently
the bonds of race. Again and
again she stresses racial appeal,
trying to arouse a form of patriotism that will cause the Chinese to
resent interference from Europe
or America. The claim that Japan,
and only Japan, Is capable of understanding China, appears with
monotonous insistence In editorials
and proclamations.
Must Consult
"Sooner or later the two governments of China and Japan
must consult on the most suitable
means for meeting the Shantung
situation, because of the relationship of common raco and ln order
thtft other nations may not interfere In the matter," says the Jlh
Pao, a Japanese-owned newspaper published at Tsinanfu.'
"The power of Europe and America is gradually growing over the
yellow race. We fear that there
is something ln the future too hor--
rlble to conceive or Imagine.  Per-i
haps the two governments have
already planned for this. If they
can work out a perfect method of
procedure sb as to meet this
trouble, then Americans will have
no chance to play their false
hands and the grievous misunderstandings between China and
Japan will be dissolvod. This will
be for the good of all Asiatic governments. If they do not do so,
then the yellow brothers will destroy each other while tho white
race sits quietly by and gains the
reward. This is what the Asiatic
people are not willing to realize.
The proverb says, "Whon the oyster-catcher and the oyster grip
each other, the fisherman gets the
benefit.' We hope that the governments of China and Japan will
read this over and ponder deeply
upon It."
Is Japan right In thinking that
the call of race Is strong enough
to drown out the demands for
justice?
Can she appropriate mines, inflict arbitrary punishment, and insult governors with the calm assurance that she will be forgiven
later on because her skin matches
that of her victim? Perhaps she
can. Who of the west is competent to estimate the strength of
an Oriental race appeal?
And In the meantime the great
wireless station In the capital of
Shantung sends out Its daily messages to Tokyo, the dusty little
drug-stores continue to do a
flourishing business, and stone'
barracks which hint at more than
temporary occupation are lining
tho railroad from Tsingtao to
Tsinanfu.
—Elsie McCormick, In The New
Reoubllc.       - •
STRIKE IN N. Y.
Longshoremen Install Ef
fective Strike System
in New York City
New York—Following the receipt of news (hat tho American
Federation of Labor pledged moral
and financial support to the strike
of the longshoremen all along the
coast, the 66 locals of this city definitely adopted the plan of a general strike on June 28, tf by that
time the Merchants Association
trucks are not forced from the
streets.      *
Meanwhile, the longshoremen
have installed a highly effective
system which makes possible the
co-operation of the dock workers
and wnrehouso men. Each nonunion truck, as it leaves the piers,
is followed by an automobile filled
with union pickets. Upon arrival
at the warehouse, the pickets warn
the warehouse workens, and the
truck Is forced to continue on Its
way In search of a place to unload.
Fourteen crews manning the
merchants' trucks have been persuaded by the pickets to leave their
jobs, declaring that "this is no job
for a white man." The longshoremen have 150 walking delegates
and an automobile fleet of 20 cars.
Shopping
the
Marketaria
Way
Means Keeping the Cost
of Living Down — Try It
Here's a Few Leaden for This
Week
Alberts   Oovernment   Special   New
grass Butter, threo lbs ...$1.00
Fino September Ontario Cheese,
pur lb -  28e
N*-w I-ald Local Egga, guaranteed
fresh dully, per dos 00c
Eagle MUk; condensed; Ua ....26c
1). O. Pacific Milk, 2 large tins 26c
B.   C.   Granulated   Sugar,   HHWii.
sacks for $21.50
Choice Pink Salmon, 3 tine ....25c
Llbb>-'a Potted Meats, 3 tint ..26c
Sardines, in Oil, 8 tins  26c
Pork and Beans, 3 tins  25c
Robin Hood Oats, 01b. sacks ..47c
New California Onions, 0 lba. ..25c'
Dried Qroen Peas, 8 lbs 26c
Coftee, fresh ground and roasted
dally; per lb SOe
Tea, Broken Orange Pekoe blend;
per ib 60c
Tomato and Vegetable Soups,
2 tins  26c
Fresh Herrings, 8 tins  25c
Malt Vinegar, por bottle,
epeeial    10e
S. T. WALLACE
MARKETARIA
Tlie Homo of Quality
Groceries
1X8 HASTINGS ST. W.
Seymour  1266
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
-   LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1141 and MS
OLELAND- DIBBLE  ENOBAV. 1
ING OOMPANT
PHOTO ENOBAVEES
OOMMEEOIAL ABTI5IJ
Phon. Seymour 7169
Tklxd  Ploor,  World  Baildlaf,  Vu.
eoQTor, B. O.
Greatest Stock ol
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tl HutUp ItiMI Wtrt
BE SUBB TOU OBI
VAN BROS.
WKJI TOU ASK FOB
-CIDER-
ud Non-alcoholic wines ot tU
Usdi
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
MODEL "cAFE
Meals of thc Best—Prices
Bight
P. Gibb
.    67 Oordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
All Royal Crown Products I
carry Coupons, redeemable'
for utefulartides.J
SPORTSMEN! - ATHLETES!
THESE line Spring days make you want to get out doors and
enjoy yourselves. ...
Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Walton or a baseball enthusiast, we are here to tako care of your evory need. We hav.
tho largest stock of high-grade fishing tacklo and sporting goods
in BrltlBh Columbia, all moderately priced.
TISDALLS LIMITED
THE COMPLETE SPORTING GOODS STORE I
818 HASTINGS STREET WEST I"honc Seymour 15a
NOTHING IS MORE HEALTHFUL
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle
Westminster Brewery '
I THIS PAOE IS PAID FOB BT IBB
LVMBEB AND OAMP WORKERS
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
THIS PASS IS DEVOTED TO WTEB-
ESTS Or THil LUKBBB AED OAMP
WOBKEBS n»IT OP THE 0 AM.
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 26
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1920
$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT CON
VENTION.
Delegates convened at-2 p.m.,
June 19th.
It was decided to fix August 25
as the date for the men to discard carrying blankets, and for
tile employer to enstall single Iron
beds with mattresses and blankets,
etc.
Subject to endorsement by a
three-fourths majority of the
membership, October was set as
the date for cutting out all piece
work or bonus system.
It waa decided to continue the
Hospital Benefit Fund along
similar UneB to that in Princeton district, until the general
convention in July.
Dan Magnet was present to
Mate his case, and, after a thorough Investigation, it was decided
to reinstate him upon payment of
back dues.
Resolution adopted that: "ThiB
district convention of delegates representing 2,000 organized lumber-
workens In the Kamloops district,
tend fraternal greetings to the
comrades Imprisoned because of
their activities ln connection with
tha Winnipeg strike, and pledge
our full support to them, and all
others, In the fight for freedom."
Nominations for secretary treasurer: Jas, L, Peterson, D, F. McKay, J. F. Johnson.
Nominations for executive board
—Alex. Miller, Ed. Dwyer, Ed.
Cohoe, Frank Billings, Ben West-
nan, Jas. Mclntyre, Raymond
Branham.
Delegates to the general ron-
ventlon: Alex. 'Miller, Jaa. Mclntyre, D. F. McKay.
PROTECT YOUR OWN HEALTH
Most of the approved medical
HchemeB have been cancelled by the
Compensation Board, owing to the
dissatisfaction of the men ln being charged from $1 to $1.50 a
Month for the professed purpose
of getting medical and, If necessary, hospital treatment during
alckness. The general opinion of
the men was that thctee schemes
were merely to enable the carrying
on of some petty graft. At any
rate, they were opposed to the
scheme aa run by the boss, Nevertheless, the health of the worker is
of more concern to himself than
any ono else, and this he realizes i
very forcibly when he Is sick, unable to work and requiring attcn-;
tlon. In Vancouver alone there are
rarely less than thirty loggers in
hospital at a time; often fifty or
more. You may have been one.
You know the attention and treatment you get, unletes you can afford
to pay for a private ward, special
attention or diet different ln quantity or quality to that served up to
the rank and file of the patlentB,
You know the treatment, drugs,
dope or surgery .serums, vaccines
and anti-toxins. Take It or leave
lt. Get well or die, whichever you
like (or can) so long aa you "get"
—or pay.
You know the opposition of the
bulk of the medical fraternity to
any suggestion of drugless or natural methods of treatment. Their
organization will prosecute, persecute and lf possible jail any one
who advocates or practices forms
of treatment not approvel by this
organization of vested interest and
archaic and unnatural methods. It
will even bring its full social and
economic pressure to bear upon Its
own membert, who are a little
more enlightened, or less hidebound, than the rest. And here we
would like to make our acknowledgments to those members of the
medical profession who are broad-
minded in their outlook, receptive
of .progressive Ideas wherever originating, and as humane and generous In their actions as a system
based upon financial profit will per*
Bit
A short time ago an attempt was
nade to secure for the workers,
who have to use thtfee public Institutions some degree of repre-
lentation on the management of
the hospital, but as was to be expected, seeing the purpose of that
Institution and the calibre and
mentality of thdse who control it,
we were not successful.
If the worker is to resist the demoralizing and debasing conditions
which capitalism forces upon him,
he must strive to look after his
own affairs as much as posalble,
and, as far as can be, free from
the restrictions of vested profiteering Influences.
' Experience has proven that tt
may not be wise for an active and
militant organization whose function it Is to Improve the condition
on the job, to link up with it other
activities euch as sick or fraternal,
or "coffin" benefits; nevertheless,
the machinery of every workers'
organization should be available for
the further advancement of.his interests as a member of that class.
^Therefore, although this matter is
not brought before you as a part
of the union activities, the machinery which you have credited Is being used to give you the opportunity, lf you so defaire, of taking steps
to carry out some proposal.
Princeton and Kamloops have
already started a scheme. Why
not run your own .hospital ? paying
when you art well for treatment
and attention when sick.
MAINLAND CEDAR CO. STRIKE
The men demanded:
,1. Single beds, springs, mattresses, blankets, sheets and pillows,
to be supplied by July 1st:
2, The bath house to be put Into working order within one week;
3. Two more wash tubs, plso
benches for bunk house;
4.—Twenty-six working days to
constituta a month's work on the
boom.
After extended negotiations with
Mr. Knight at Vancouver, a settlement was made. AU demands
being conceded, including the
building of a new bunk house and
the reinstatement of the men.
When the men went to go back
they found that John Moss, the
foreman, had got a crew together,
Including some only of the original
crew. Others, who were active on
behalf of getting Improved conditions, were discriminated
against. The matter of discrimination was taken up with Mr.
Knight, who stated that as lt was
a lock-out and not a strike, there
was no discrimination being shown
in not taking back the original
crew. If a lock-out Is not discrimination, what ls? If negotiation with a strike committee
elected by the men does not constitute recognition of the exlst-
ance of a strike, what does?
Union men take note of the
strikers' demands and agreed
terms of settlement.
WANTED.
Any one knowing the address of
T. Woods, who recently worked at
Simoon Sound, please inform Vancouver headquarters.
Camp Reports
SEEING RED!
Ontario lumber employers have
a bad attack of " seeing red." This
may be due to their desire to divert the people's attention from
the disclosures of the graft which
haa been existing for years past
ln their dealings with the government, because of which the Shev-
lin & Clarke outfit have to account,
if they can, for the fact that their
books disclose over 1000 feet of
lumber cut from every 600 feet
for which they paid Crown dues.
Other companies are in the
same predicament. Or It may be
the employers think that they can
prevent the sanitary regulations
being enforced in the camps if they
raise the cry of "Bolshevik,
" sedition," or " agitator," every
time a worker gets busy in or
gantzlng his fellow-workers in an
endeavour to raise the standard of
living and working conditions, and
the enforcement of the laws.
Whatever tho purpose, the fact
remains that another delegate
named John Barilko has been arrested on tho charge of sedition.
At his preliminary hearing at Matheson he was offered no legal assistance, neither was he provided
with an interpreter, and apparently was allowed to plead guilty without understanding what was actually  taking  place.
From Information to hand lt
would appear that the magistrate
himself has quite a lot to learn
of correct legal .procedure, or possibly he was excited and overcome
by the importance of hiB position
In dealing with such a serious case.
At any rate the law only permits
a magistrate In such a case to
hold a preliminary hearing to
satisfy himself there is justification for the charge and then to
commit the accused for trial or
else dismiss him. In this case the
man was arrested in the morning,
taken straight from his job at
Twin Falls to the magistrate, and
then booked for Kingston for two
years. On his way he spent a
night In Haileybury police station,
and was there able to get In touch
with friends. The rest of the jour-
ney was delayed owing to the irregularity of the proceedings before the magistrate, and efforts are
being made to get the man a proper trial. Should this be the cose
and bail be allowed, It will require
considerable funds. This railroading of Union men must be stopped,
It Is the Union men who must protect themselves and each other.
Send your contributions to the
District Secretary, Box 200, Tim
mfns, Ontario, and state it ls for
the Barilko Defence Fund.
WORKERS DEMAND
SANITARY CAMPS
DISTRICT DIRECTORY
General HMWh.ttMtm:
Vancouver, B. O.; I. Winch, 61 Cordova Stint Weit.
Cranbrook, B. 0.; 3. B. Thempaen.
Cranbrook   Dlitrlet—Legal    »d-
vlser:   George Spreul).
Kamloops B. 0.; 3. I. Peterson, Bex
813, 3 Victoria Street.
Kertit, B. 0.; W. S. Kllner, Box I.
B. 0.;  1. Barrow, Goners!
Delivery.
Meetings tre beid In tho O. B. V.
Hall, Biker Street, Mellon, on the
flnt and third  Snnday of *™h
month at 3 p.n.
Prlnee George, B. 0.; 3. Btovenion,
Drawer 80.
Prlnee Rupert, B. 0.; J. B. Barrongh,
BOX 133.
Vaneonver, B. O.j J. X. Clarke, 61
Oordova Strwt Wait.
Vietoria, B.  0.;  B. Watenon,  1421
Government Street.
Bdmonton, Alta.;  0. Sort, 10333—
lout Streot Bait.
Princo Albort, Bask.; Goo. Tether, 101
—Bth Stroet East
Winnipeg, Man.; Lumberwoiken' Union, 196 Henry Avenne.
Sudbury, Ont.; WS Cowan, Box 1631,
Liigar Streot.
Port Prude, On*.; t * Noll, Sox
SSO, Webster Hall.
Cobalt, Oat; 3. D. Clunif, 95 Lang
Street.
Tlmmiai, Oat.;   Lamborwerkers  Dlitrlet Secretary, 40 Second Ava,  P.
O. Box 900.
Montr ttl; V. Binetto, SS St. Lament
Stnet
VORT ALICE
Camp 6
In reploy to Delegate 151's attack on me, I wish to state I' am
decidedly averse to entering a controversy in which the dissensions
in the union are laid open to public criticism, but since he has publicly attacked me 1 must reply in
kind. Mr. Anderson ls deliberately
attempting to camouflage his
treachery to his own crew and the
other delegates by distorting the
facts.
Since the conference wtth Mr.
Phelan was held at Camp 8, in
meeting with every member of the
crew present, also the delegates
from the other camps, tt Is apparent that the facts are easily ascertainable to any one interested
enough to enquire, but to those not
conversant with the facts, I will
state that the conference ended
with the proposal of Mr. Phelan, to
which all the delegates agreed,
that he would meet the crew of
each camp one night during the
following week and discuss the
questions with them after which
we were to take a ballot and the
result of the total ballot was to
govern the1 action. After the conference, plans were made between
the delegate as to ihe method of
balloting and getting returns between the various camps. These
plans Mr. Anderson took part, and
apparently fully concurred, u.fter
which he parted from us in the
friendliest manner, going to his
camp, but the next day his camp
went out on strike. The Inference
Is plain; for had Anderson represented the facts truthfully and
fairly no sane crew of men would
have gone out before the result of
the Impending ballot was known,
In conclusion, I will say I consider the airing of these things
disgraceful, disgusting and de<
cldedly detrimental to the union,
and I would point out the fact that
the constitution provides a means
of handling uny misconduct by Its
members, which Mr. Anderson certainly knows enough to make uae
of, but perhaps he is actuated by
the same degree of confidence
which induced him to hide his
identity under a delegate number.
U. G. DOBLE,
Delegate Camp 6,
Note.—All L, W. I, U. members
should be on the lookout for a man
called William Brown, as he refuses to join the union, being very
abusive and insulting when asked
to do so. The same thing is reported of him from Ocean Falls
ond From Dcmpsey's.
U. G. D.
MEADOWS. B. C.
Lindsay Bros., Cedar Camp
A etrlke was called on June IS,
for SOc a day raise, which would
make the minimum $6.50, the
board to stay at $1.25. The company refused the demands. The
piece-workers came out with the
day men.
The conditions In this cam'p are
farlly good. The employers in
Nelson district are trying to increase the charge for board without raising the wages. The men
refuse to permit this, and demand
that all top bunks be done away
with, and also that the health regulations be lived Up to.
FORT  FRANCES,
Strike at Shevlln-Clark'a mill for
8-hour day; financial support needed. Send contributions to District
Secretary S. G, Nell, Box 390, Fort
Frances, Ont.
Why are the aanitary regulations relating to lumber and construction camps not fully enforced
In the provinces throughout the
Dominion?
Only In British Columbia is any
degree of endeavour made to comply with the laws, and even in
that province the staff is woefully
inadequate, and the employers
have, as law evaders, no reason
to find fault with the harshness
with which the officials enforce
the laws or the narrowness with
which they interpret the letter or
spirit of the Act. There are today in British Columbia a very
large number of camps which do
not conform to the laws of the
province, either In spirit or in
letter.
Ontario conditions are deplorable, and although additional inspectors are being engaged by the
government, even with the increase, the number ls totally inadequate.
Other provinces are the same,
and Quebec is particularly to be
condemned, owing to the fact that
as late as May of this year there
were no regulations of any kind
enacted to compel sanitary conditions in the camps.
Every unbiased Investigator
must come to the conclusion that
either the logging operators have
such complete control over the administration of the various provincial lawa relating to sanitary
camps, that they are able to prevent the laws being enforced, or
else that both the Government and
cognize their responsibility, not
the department officials fail to re-
only to the workers in the Industry,  but  to the  community  at a
WhOle. me^^^—r—n,
Were the existing regulations enforced the conditions in tha camps
would be revolutionized; and it
needs to be.
Ontario regulations are good,
but as previously stated, are not
enforced,
British Columbia is lacking in
that the cubic air space per head
ls not specified, and camps are
operating with as low as 280 feet,
500 should be thc trreducable
minimum. (Ontario calls for 600),
The Lumber and Camp Workers
Aid" man shall be employed In
camps where there are 10 men or
more.
' Bunk houses, dining room and
kitchen and all other buildings
where men congregate, to be
swept dally, (dry sweeping to be
prohibited), and thoroughly
scrubbed at least once each week
with hot suds and disinfectant.
The kitchen and eating house to
be effectively screened throughout
the summer. All food supplies to
be carefully screened from flies
and other vermin,
AH sick, from whatever cause,
to bc isolated from the remainder
of the crew immediately.
AH persons engaged ln the care
of the premises and handling of
the food, particularly cooks and
helpers, to be carefully examined,
and particular attention paid to
the point as to whether or not
they have suffered from infectious
diseases, or are in a condition likely to be prejudicial to the health
of those with whom they c'ome in
contact, or through the medium
of the food they prepare.
On what grounds, other than
•possible interference with profits,
can objection be taken to these
requirements?
'CANADIANISM"—
" AMERICANISM."
LIGHTNING  LUKE'S LOCK-OUT
The men employed at Camp 2,
Dempsey, Limited , bave been
locked out
For the Information of all concerned, Interested or otherwise,
the facts of the case are as follows: At a meeting held on June
3rd, it waa decided that no overtime or Sunday work would be
undertaken unless time. and one-
half was paid for same.
On June 6th, a fireman was ordered to work on Sunday for
straight time. Now, this worker,
although a slave, was not of the
servile cardpacker type, eo refused.
A meeting was held at which It
was decided by unanimous vote,
that if the fellow-worker went
down, all hands would go with
him.
The "superintendent"? one Luke
Klngery, who Ib notorious 'for hla
lack of reasoning ability, and bulldozing methods ln connection with
such situations, closed the camp,
At the time of writing the members at Camp 1 are contendedly
working, assisted by one union
man (?), a blacksmith,
Camp 2, .
Delegate 339.
from
A BONE FOR THE WORKER TO
PICK
In the issue for June 5th of the
American " Labor and Industrial
Journal," the following comment
Is made on democracy:
" The world's democracies are
face to face with the common foe,
It is no time for democratic nations to be drawing apart and engaging in . , , international
bitterness. Democracy Is on the
same principle the world over. Its
furiiis of governmental expression
may differ, but the Inspiration and
objective is the same under any
flag."
It is not often truth issues from
the mouth of a state hireling or
displays itself In the pages of a
kept press. But the above Is true.
Yes, sir, it is true.
Amorican democracy places
.Debs and many others behind the
[Jjiar.s of the State "pens" for ten
£iid twenty years, for proving the
Defense Fund, from Murphy & McDonald's camp, Campbell Itlver—
Contributions of $5 each as follows:—J. Grieder, B. C. Parker, A,
Johnson, W. Farynhasson, D. Lin-
berg, Robert Sorn, M. N. Bireksey.
A. B. Pearson, pat Peterson, J.
Mclntominey.
Contributions of $2 each as follows:—C. Campbell, W, Toherson,
W. Hanson, P. A. Erickson, W. J.
MeGoman, J. Moras, O. EngHm,
Gus Anderson, A. Johnson, W. Anderson, M. Hansen, Tom Andorson,
George S. Meyers, Fred Carnir, J.
McCallum, J. Alfegren, John Hansen, J. Newton, Nels Hill, J. San-
beran, Joe Skinner, J. Williams, P.
Vaslloff, Fred Peterson, A. Beck-
man, Frod Johnson.
Contribution of SOc.—J. Hat.
COAST DISTRICT  CONVENTION
The Coast District convention
will be held In Vancouver on the
week commencing July 12, 1920.
The executive have fixed the basis
of representation at one (1) delegate for each llfty (50) membem,
or major fraction theroof. This
will entitle a camp of 26 men to
one (1) delegate, 76 men to two
(2) delegates, and so on. Camps
with less than twenty-six (26) paid-
up members can send a delegate,
but must pay all expenses themselves. All delegates must have
credentials from the camp they represent, und this credential must
bear the signature of the men in
camp. If a delegate does not have
credentials signed by the mnmbers,
.he will be disqualified.
All delegates will have their
transportation paid to Vancouver,
and will have their expenses paid
while in town, providing they are
on hand when the roll is called;
expenses not to exceed $3.00 per
day, the balance of thc delegate's
wages can be made up by the members in camp who send the delegate.
In the Interests of the organization It in imperative that all camps
send a delegute. This ls necessary
In order thut there shall be as full
a representation as possible; therefore, the members ln each camp
should elect a delegate and instruct
him as to what questions thny
want brought beforo the convention, and what stand he is to take
on these questions,
J. M. CLARKE,
Const District Secretary.
The Shop Stewards' Movement
Leaflet   No.   1   of   the   National
Federation of Shop  Stewards   of
Great Britain states that the purposo of the organization ls:
To obtain an ever-Increasing control of workmanship condition^ and
thc regulation of the terms upon
which the workmen shall be employed.   The organization of all the
workers upon a class basis so as to
promote the Interests of that class
until, finally, the triumph of the
workers Is achieved.
The immediate demands are:
Shorter working day,
Increase of wages,
Better working conditions,
Abolition of unemployment,
Workshop and job control,
No secret diplomacy,
And   eventually,   the  emancipation of the working claaw.
Industrial Union requested the D.|^cUia57i;7ec,0^i*",fa;;^;'6Up;^
C. GovernmeMat its lint jeB?ion^;oh American capitalism, like
*""" * capitalism " under any flag," Is
jbiiilt. Debs, the flne big soul of
.this old man still remains un-
,briiken through his body may be
,racked with  pains.
jThe governmental form" of expressing democracy In this country, has not yet reached the savage
fprm of tho above. Russell got
two years, Prltchard and his colleagues are given one year, for
pcjing as the spokesmen of organized labor. The writer, being
somewhat prngmntic, delights in
comparing values, and I find that
the difference of democratic expression between this country ond
our neighbor to the south is but
the difference of years the wise
serve tn prison.
Pan-Americanism Is still spreading In ibis country. It Is to be
hoped that Its cplassal conceit will
not plunge the workers of both
countries  in  a serious plight.
to make the following additions to
the Act, but the request was not
complied wtth:
Define the cubic space to be
provided for each man. (Minimum of 500).
Abolish double decker bunks.
Demand cooking and eating
utensils other than gvaniteware,
which chip and are dangerous.
Require single iron bedsteads
with springs and mattresses.
Have bunk houses, kitchens eno\\
dining rooms, washed with dlsln-'1
fectant each week.
Have sanitary store room apart
from the kitchen.
Limit the number of men to a
bunk house.
Require a reading or recreation
room to be erected in every camp
so that the men haven't to pass
all their non-working time in the
bunk house.
Insist upon a separate building
suitable for and properly equipped
and reserved exclusively for hospital   purposes.
The justification for those requirements is so obvious as not to
need  enumerating.
Thc Lumber and Camp Workera
Industrial Union of thc One Big
Union has 23,000 members and it
has set the following schedule of
conditions for a union camp. The
strict enforcement of the Health
Regulations:
No bunk houses to be less thnn
18 x 24, nor containing more thun
six Iron single beds, each with
Bprings, mattresses, two double
blankets, sheets, pillows and slips,
and kept in sanitary condition,
The sheets and pillow slips to be
washed once a week; blankets
once a month; and every time bed
ding is changed from one person
to another. The employers to boar
the cost of same.
I    Stove in bunk house (In centre),
Wash house, dry rack and bath
house Installed in all camps. The
bath house to be pnrtltioned from
dry house. (Shower baths—not
tub).
Antiseptic soap and towels to be
furnished free.
Hot and cold water supplied,
Toilet with light, not less than
200 feet from all buildings.
Kitchen staff to bc supplied
with sleeping quarters separate
from kitchen,
Sanitury store-room Separate
from the kitchen,
Meat house not closer than lfi
feet from kitchen,
Earthenware to bo used In the
place of enamelware; forks,
knives and spoons of nickel stiver,
and dining room tables to be
covered with oil cloth,
Six men at a table.
Kitchen utensils to be of copper,
aluminum or pressed steel.
Sink to bc lined with ssluc. Dish-
up table with same.
A reading room to be provided
In all camps.
First Ald.r-Every employer who
ls situated more than five miles
from the office of a medical practioner, and employing one or more
men, shall at all times maintain
ln or about such place of employment, satisfactory means of transportation to carry all Injured workmen  to the nearest hospital.
Expense of transportation shall
be paid by the employer, or board
of any injured workman,
Qualified    and   certified   "First
It Is reported thut A. H. McLeod,
W. Johnson, Hutchison and Holt-
men are scabbing at Cargill's camp,
Simoon Sound.
Hugh .McMillan, cruiser, previously in Itock I-lay hospital, died In
the Vancouver General Hospital on
June 13th, from tuberculosis.
LOGGERS DEMAND STRICT
PROHIBITION.
At the Kiimloops District Convention held «m June lUth, the following resolution wus adopted:
" This convention views with
apprehension the great Increase of
drunkenness in thi'j city, and
whereas, we recognize the degrading influence or this evil to be a
menace to our welfare and an obstacle in thc path of our efforts
toward Intellectual and social
vancement, and, whereas, we do
not hold the view thut the sole
remedy for this evil lies ln drug
glng unfortunate workingmen to
jail, and .imposing on them heavy
fines; but we believe that much
good could be accomplished by
tho enforcement of that part of
the Prohibition Act which prohibits the snle of liquor.
"Therefore be it resolved—Thut
we domand the strict enforcement
of the Prohibition Act in Its en
tirety, und that a copy of this resolution be sent tho city council of
this city, thu attorney general of
the province, and to the BrltlUh
Columbia Federatlonist for publication."
Member* in Hospital at Vancouver
General Hospital—M. C. Thomas,
Sum George, Geo. E. Coulter, Albort Stuart, Henry Christiansen, U.
Bovenscnok, John Johnson.
Ward A--E.*A. Cloudy.
Ward D—A. llmone, Nestor
Sconho.
Ward E—John Hodgson, E. Si-
ftonson, A. Anroil.
Ward G— John Spears, H. W.
'Reid, E. Ellsworth.
Ward H—Steve Anderson, Joe
Dobbin, G. Add-on.
Ward T—A. W. Davis, J. Nelson,
J. T. Piper, Jack Monroe.
<Ward O  Costello, N, Kraw-
ohtiok, H. Lane, — Lilly.
•Ward I—Henry Makl, T. Inzawa,
St. Paul's—J, Tapp, 407; F.
Toreson, 415; A, Locken, 416; Gaston Le Urandht, 407; Mike Kclin,
Fred Strome.
[R.JC.]
That the working class may better understand the reason for cer
tain happenings in the world of
industry—such as the lowering of
certain lines of commodities (most'
ly labor) and the noticeable slow
ing up of the wheels of Industry-
It Is best to take the reader back
to the period prior to the great
bloodfest in  1914.
When it was seen by the ruling
class, war was inevitable and, if
they Were to emerge from the scrap
victorious, the raising of an unprecedented^ large fighting force became their flrst task. At .all tlmea
the quickest way to raise an army
of fighters is to separate an unusually large number of workers from
their jobs.
This was done. The machinery
of production all but stopped, a
few only being retained to keep it
in motion. In a little while the
majority of ua went crazy, joined
bread lines or Joined the army.
But an army, when it gets going
good, consumes an enormous quantity ot commodities—such as food,
clothing, leather, steel and powder. Warehouses stored with vast
quantities of these commodities up
to 1915 began to empty. So It was
needful to start the wheels of Industry going at full speed, and
nearly all of those left In thc mar'
ket found a job. The need for
munitions became so great; large
orders poured in for this and that
without restrictions .placed or
price. Prices soared so high, the
workers, compelled to maintain a
standard of living—or a process of
dying more slowly—began to strike
for more wages, less hours of labor.   And these were granted.
The class controlling industry
controls the life of the human race,
And the difference of wages was
added to the price of all other commodities. In this way the workers
found themselves as poor nn ever.
Blinded bv ignorance, they kept on
striking tor wuges. As one observer puts it—they kept chasing the
cost of living us a dog chuscw after
its tall. Funny, but damned silly!
All things come to an end. The
war is over (for a short time), the
armies disbanded, the labor market keeps filling. Community production has piled up—warehouses
are fllling rapidly—and the world
In such a mess, markets are uncertain. Consequently competition demands that capitalists cut their
prices. Cut down or close down!
You have your choice.
When a cut Is made in your
wages, a proportionate reduction is
made in those commodities you
produce. When thc wuges of every
worker is lowered, the cost of living all around will drop. Striking
to prevent It from dropping will be
as foolish as to '.stop it from rising.
H would be wiser to go slow, tuke
life easy, cut down your own hours
of labor so as to keep us many on
the job os long as possible. The
workers must strive to thli* and
net collectively; each for all, all for
each.
That we might more readily digest fhe few scraps of meat on this
bone we'll chew it over again. The
working class never did miccoed in
rnising the prico of its own labor
power without raising the price of
all other commodities. The price
of labor is figured in with the cost
of raw material. Tho working
clnss hap never succeeded In preventing fhe cost of Its own labor
power from dropping, and it does
not matter much except for the
particular group slated for the first
cut. As the cut iu wanes reflects
Itself in the cut In the cosl of living.
Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union, Knmloops district, per J. L.
Peterson: $30.75 defense fund, $2
Soviet relief, and $1 Fort Frances
strike fund. List of subscribers
defense fund:
A friend  $ 1.00
J. Haughton     1.00
H. Christofferson     2.00
Wm.  Oyerstdt       2.00
Mike Sullivan      1 "*
Edwin Johnson    3.00
Gust Johnson     3.00
W. J. McMillan     1.25
Charles Linden  50
George Hunter     1.00
W. D. Hammill     5.00
J. Watchorn     5.00
C. Olson      6.00
Correspondence
I notice tn your issue of June
18th a letter tn which the writer
asks,    among    other    questions:
Why is the O. B. U. of Canada
afraid of the three magic letters—
I. W. W.?"    Those who are but
slightly acquainted wtth  the  history of the labor movement in different  parts  of the  world,  and
particularly    tn    those    countries
which have become highly industrialized, and the economic Bystem
of capitalist society,  haa reached
a higher   state   of   development;
that  the  ideas  expressed   by  the
Initials O. B. U. and I. W. W. had
been advocated some time before
the organization known aa the I.
W. W. had appeared in the American  labor movement, and certainly   before  the  O.  B.   U.   had
made Its appearance ln the Canadian labor movement.    No three
letters   which   we   might   choose
from    the    alphabet    contain    In
themselves any magical  or  mysterious power.    The  brand  Is  of
little  importance,  and  only  inasmuch   us   It   attempts   to   express
the  principles   involved.     As   an
industrial   organization   does   not
derive  its  power as  an  effective
fighting force in carrying on the
every day struggle imposed on us
by   the  present  system;   from   a
name;   but  from  the   knowledge,
tactics and good generalship displayed by the members of an organization     in    conducting    this
struggle, and depending always on
their knowledge of the economic
and   social   system   under   which
they  live, and  the material  conditions and circumstances at any
time  or  place.    The  workers  in
each and every country will not
build   their   organizations In  exactly the same forms, but are being forced to organize   for   self-
defence according   to   class,   and
class  needs.    Assuming  that  the
workers    of    Canada     and     the
United States should to-day label
their  organizations  I.   W.  W.  or
adopt their preamble,  would  the
fact that they had done so alter
their   mental or material   conditions?    The  I.  W. W.  preamble
states:  " That the workera of the
world  must  organize  as  a class,
take possession of the earth and
the machinery of production, and
abolish  the wages system."    We
realize  the  necessity  for a class
organization, It Ib being forced upon us by the development of Industrial machinery.   Although the capitalist  economic  syatem   forbids
the complete and full organization
of the industrial workers, but the
mere fact that we were organized
as a class would not give ua possession of the earth and the machinery of production, nor abolish
the    wage    ystem;   economic   developments   will     produce     this
social change whether we seek It
or   not,  and  the   same   developments  will  force us  to  organize,
because we must, as stated In the
preamble   to  the    constitution    of
the O. B. U.   Your correspondent
from Alberni is fond of drawing
comparisons between the workers
in Canada and the United States,
and  on  more occasions than the
present  one  he  has  done  so,    I
try  to  overlook the  geographical
and strategic boundaries set up by
conflicting    commercial    Interests,
and   In   discussing  working  class
affairs,  try \o discuss them from
a class standpoint.    There is apparent ly   a   great   noed    of    the
workers  in  Canada  "getting wise
to  themselves,"  as stated  ln your
letter,  but  not   In   the   meaning
that  these words are  intended  to
convey.     The   Industrial   Workers
of the World, at one time In their
history  at   least,  ridiculed   all  organizations who advocated "political   action."     Yet  they  have  carried "political action" farther than
any    organization    on    this    continent.    Tbe  suggestion   that   the
two   organizations   represented   by
the I. W. W. and O. B. U, hold a
combined meeting In order to arrive at a common understanding;
there is little to be gained by this,
aa   wc   understand   the   I.   W.   W.
perfectly; though something might
be   gained    by    a   clearer   understanding   of   their   respective   preambles.
To your question: "Do the O.
B. U. members think they are
fooling the boss," my answer Is
"No!" As the majority of the
workers are too busy fooling themselves. The I. W. W. havo not
educated tho working cluss from
tho scientific viewpoint, although
they bave permeated the American labor movement with the idea
of industrial unionism and used
skilful tactics In some though not
In all cuses where they collided
with the interests of the employing class. Thoy could better be
described as tantrums. You seem
to attach a very sinister meaning
to the term "sabotage" when you
ask if there evor wns a case of
".sabotage" proved against the I.
W. W. The practice of sabotage
ran take on so many forms and
Is used by Individuals, corpora*
tions, governments and organizations, in so many different ways,
as means to an cud, thut It does
not mattor whether il has bem
proven or otherwise. When the
workers finally use that power
without stint and to the limit
against those who would attempt
to wrest It from them, we will if
necessary, tear In shreds all thc
constitutions and preambles ever
written by man, and write one
which will conform to thp exigencies of the times.
Yours for the O. B. U.
G. Lamont.
Vancouver,  B. C, June  24,  1920.
what is to me a much more important factor, the' value of tha
moral support and influence,
I went piling lumber for a fe#
hours. I guess they* thought |
was moving too slow (or them to
make much money out of. me, for
one of the bosses came along and
said: "Come along with me, I havo
got a good ateady job for you*
Mutt." I asked, "What doing?'*
He replied, "taking away ties and
slaba from the mill." Well,'there
Is good money in ties and slabs at
present and they were cutting
about one thousand slabs and
about 600 ties per nine hour day,
so this was my steady Job, and M
sure, was steady and hard. I
worked very hard for two daya
trying to keep them clear, OC
course I realized from the start
It was two men's work I waa doing; the third day I did not feel
good and I commenced to tako
it a little easier; consequently, tha
ties and slabs piled up until they
had to stop the mill. The bo«
was on the job right away. Ho
said: "What's the trouble that tho
ties and slabs were all piled up?"
I told him thiB waa two men'a
work and I needed more help, or
in other words, another man to
help me. So he went away and
came back wtth a flne, big, strong,
able-bodied slave, ahd by request
I went to the office and got paid
$7.65 for the 21 houra I had
worked. I asked him why he woo
treating me in this manner. Ho
says: "Why, you are not a work*
ing man.* This got my Irish up
and I told him I waa a much better
man than he was and if he did not
think so he could take a walk
into the woods with me and I
would show him so.
Now, fellow-workef-s, this camp
is a regular workhouse, the board
ls fair, the bunkhouses are not
good. The one I was tn leaked in
four different places. There aro
spring beds and mattresses, Nino
hour day, but they want about 13
hours work done In that time. The
O. B. U. members there are not
educated along the lines of industrial unionism, they just simply
hold cards, and lt locks to me tho
camp Is being run .to the advantage of the employer and not to
the workers. There are men working there for 62 1-2 centa per
hour for 9-hour day. Board ls
$1,60 per day, hospital fee, $1.50.
He even had the nerve to try and
charge me 50 cents for hospital
fee for 21 hours' work, but I
pleasantly reminded him that ha
could not charge it. He says;
"Oh, you are too wise, you ara
not a working man."
I remain yours for the O. B. U.
and solidarity of the working-
class.
H. P. D.
Yahk, B. C.
Note by Sec. Treas.—This company have no authority from the
Workmen's Compensation Board
to charge more than 1 cent per
day, as their approved medical
scheme was conceited on January
1st, last.
Total    $30.76
PRINOE ALBERT DISTBIOT
Statement for May, 1020
Receipt!--
Dues 9
Feei    n _	
Delegates' remittance!  $166.78
Less commission and expense!  .....    13.81
20.00
1.00
WASA, B, C.
Loverlnr. Lumber Co., Mill Camp
Conditions rotten; open toilets In
bad shape.   About the most unsanitary camp in tha district.
WANTED
Address of Karl F. McKlnen, P.
Ryan, N. Dudakoskl, B. Dew, C. B.
Wilson, H. H. Murphy, A. Vesenl-
klr, G. Whltolaw, W. Orr, Tomktn,
N. Kobkl, F. 11. Solloway, Jim Kinney,
Sundry receipts 	
B_.1m.cc od hand April SO .
Expenditures—
Waagei       »
Rent and light    	
Offlce inppliei  snd  postage 	
Organisation M «.«.«««.
Sundry expense    	
Dilutee on hand Msy 11 .«-	
8VDBUBT DISTBIOT
Statement fsr May, 1920
162.07
16.50
117.47
$307.04
60.00
21.59
17.00
166.10
1.25
22.06
$307.04
Delegates' remittance! „.....„..„....., $057.99
Less commission and expenses     03.10
O.   B.   U.  Button!  and   Foldera —
Tlmmlns remitted 	
Monaldi defense fund  „.,..,_, «...
llellovue  miners'   atrike   fund   	
Sundry collections 	
Balance on baud April 80 - ~.
664.81
84.10
...     100.00
... '     60.60
23.30
.„     181.70
..     628 97
$1,774.46
Expenditure!—
Wagei
Office supplies and postage .
Organisation
Delletue minera' atrlke   -....
Literature , „,;,„.-,
Sundry  expenses     -..„...„„.„„
Delegatea' refund   . nm ..,„■
Remitted to headquartera   ....
Balance oa hand May 81 .
850.00
44.40
283.01
43.66
61.21
46.60
22.46
160.00
(81.17
.-•   2C0.00>
11,774.48
PHINCE BUPERT DISTRICT
BtaUment for May, 1820
Receipt!— ^^^^^^^^^^
Duel 	
Delegates' remittance!  „.
Lets commission and expense! .
Refund of loaaa .
O.  B.  U,  Bottom, ete.
Balance on hand April  90
Expenditures-
Wages    	
Rent and equipment ■
lli.fi 00
2.00
637.89
9.00
11.25
219.70
Office supplies and postage —.....«...—
Strike expenies _.	
Sundry expense!  _~~..-—..
Remitted to headquarters  ...- —....
Balance on hand May 81	
|065 84
.... $120.00
.«       20.76
18.00
     286.45
38.36
     200.00
....     278.29
$905 84
"What He Fought For."
I went overseas and was twice
gassed; was over one year in thc
hospital and finally invalided and
discharged as having a 15 per
cent disability, for which I received $9.00 a month for four
months, after which timo the payment stopped,
Although It Is now difficult for
me to follow an occupation entailing hard manual labor, yet, being a lumber worker, I naturally
look to that industry for a livelihood, I got a job with the Cranbrook Sash & Door Co., at Kitchener, B. C.j and having been a
member of organized labor for 12
years before going overseas I was
naturally pleased to hear this was
union outfit, as I recognize the
value of tho workers being organized, not only for the flnanclal
A Logger and A Man.
Why Is It that the general public appear to have such a low
opinion and even positive dislike
for the logger? •
Are not the loggers as good as
any one else? Do they not perform a useful and vital part in
the industry of the country? Is
ho not In every respect similar to
other memberB of the community,
whether bank manager or vaudeville artist?—Yes, even to the extent of having some members who
in their conduct arc more animal
than human, I admit that I have
known cases in which a suit of
underwear was worn from the day
of its purchase until discarded as
worn out, without ever having
made thc acquaintance of a laundry tub. But who is the worst,
the Individual who did it or the
employer who, before the union
was formed, deliberately and openly violated the laws by erecting
and operating their camps without baths or laundry accommodation. 1 remember In my boyhood
days being taught "cursed Is he
by whom thc offense cometh."
Have you ever tried to wash
your clothes on the Lord's Day
—or any other,—when the only
utensils available were two or
three coal oil cans or lard palls
for a crew of 100 men. If you
were particularly energetic, or
lucky, and got ahead of the bunch,
you could use the bushes to dry
your garments on, unless the
crows happened to be too plentiful, In which case, or in bad
weather, you would hang them In
thc bunk house; adding thereby to
the enjoyment of the 30 or so
men herded like swine In a pen.
After such a day you would enjoy a ul^lil's sleep in the soothing, health.glvlng atmosphere, and
delicious aroma arising from the
bodies of the other occupants,
dirty clothes, socks, shoes, overalls, etc.
Now, we have recently seen
piffle in the public press, attempting to ridicule the logger for demanding pink teas, etc., but no
space lias been devoted to backing him In his demands for the
enforcement of the sanitary regulation so that ho can live Ilka
a human being. Now, the at*
tempted ridicule Is an expression
of the public feeling referred to
In my opening remarks. The log*
ger is not a man in the eyes of
the genernl public. But, at last,
In hts own eyes and estimation he
Is, every Inch a man and intends
to live like one and be recognized
as such, and having once started
on the road he intends to do all
he can to advance and maintain
thc social and economic interests
of himself and that class to which
he belongs. That's why he backs
the O. B. U. to the limit. Who
objects.
Tours fraternally,
The Twin.
return which may result, but for, J
Striken
It is recommended that in future
all members of strike committees
leave their address and phone num*
ber with the secretary. Also that
strike committees shall reiport the
terms of agreement to the Btrlkers,
who nlono can settle the strike.
The committee then to be responsible for seeing the terms aro ful«
filled by the employer by picket-
ting tbe boats and employment offices, and seeing that men shipped
to the job are tn accordance with
the settlement, and thoroughly
familiar with same.
A. B. M. PAGE FOUR
twelfth year. no. it      THK BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
FRIDAY i June i6, lttt
I B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0,
Fedorationist, Limited
ft. a WELLS..
...Managor
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Unity of Labor:  The Hopo of th* World
rRIDAT June 26, 1920
SIR AUCKLAND GEDDES, British
Ambassador to the United States, has
been criticized by many newspapers. He
has bcen described as an "ambassador
extraordinary" thc term being used in
derision. From observ-
FOOD AND ation, we are inclined to
THE END OF think that unless he re-
CAHTALISM frairis from making
speeches, ho will receive
considerably more condemnation from thc
large interests. Only last week he nearly
gave the game away as to the cause of the
war, in a speech made at the Princeton
University, when he stated that Germany,
owing to economic conditions, was placed
in such a position in which she almost had
to fight. His statement to this effect was
as follows:
"As this country opened we had in
Europe an order that was obviously
nearing its end," said Sir Auckland.
"That order, that social organization,
was built upon an economic fact, that
there were in North America, cither
in your territory or in the territory of
Canada, large areas of land capable
of producing food, either in the form
of wheat or in the form of meat, and
• that food was not wanted for consumption in North America, but was
available   for .easy    transport   to
Europe.' And as this century opened
your increasing industrial development had produced here a vast increase in population which was beginning to intercept that food.   I
have gone into this thing fairly carefully and I think that it is not very
diflicult to show that the development
of" your population here was the
principle cause in making the European war inevitable.  Germany was
being forced into a position with rising food costs—a position iu which
she almost had to fight."
The above statement is a candid admission that Europe was, in 1914, in such
a position that the people could not be'
led, and that by the development of the
capitalistic system, which was producing
commodities without any consideration
of the needs of the people, had reached
that stage that the production of the necessities of life had been overlooked. This
was further emphasized during the war,
when the shipping of foodstuffs became
more or less restricted by the naval activities of Germany. Socialists the world
over have always taken the stand, that
when any form of society had reached the
stage where it was impossible for that
system to provide for its slaves, it must
Sail. Orin Crooker, in the Nation, draws
•n interesting paralell between present-
day civilization and ancient Egypt, he
says in part:
Ancient Egypt, whieh saw the rise
and fall of several distinct civilizations, was dependent upon a most intricate system of irrigation, for its
food supply. The red ooze which the
Nile left upon the irrigated fields has
been through the ages Egypt's sole
means of soil enrichment. So long as
the water systems were kept in repair and thero was sufficient labor to
man the fields, Egypt fed herself,
waxed rich and strong, built mighty
temples, and developed to a degree
that is the wonder of all who study
its remains. But with increased
wealth the land of the Pharaohs neglected its agriculture. The cities became top-heavy in sizo compared with
the /rural population. Thousands of
laborers toiled in the building of massive monuments and other structures
who should have been handling the
hoe and tht plow. Each successive
civilization in the Nile valley began
to disintegrate when the cry for
bread became acute. Each now civilization that followed its predecessor
repaired the irrigating systems, developed an agriculture, and grew
sti'ong only to fall a victim several
hundred years later to thc same malady, which Mr. Petrio and others
called "excessive urbanization."
I * * •
While it is impossible to liken ancient
Egypt to the present capitalistic world,
yet the situation is somewhat similar.
Oreat Britain and the European countries
were thc first to adopt the capitalistic
jmethod3 of production, and in the early
(Says they were able to draw raw mate
trials from thc ends of the enrth, and food
Stuffs could bc had in abundance from
those countries which were purely agri-
tucul, and which were paid for by the
articles manufactured from the raw materials received. But capitalism, as it
found new markets, also created competitors in the lands which had heretofore not
adopted thc capitalistic methods of production, and these nations also ceased to
produce thc necessities of life, and commenced to produce commodities for a
tvorld's market, until today we havo
jeached the place where thc needs of the
people can not be met by the present
Methods of production, and a new order
-|s necessary before the people can be
fcroperly fed, clothed, and housed. The
Capitalistic system has broken down. It
|nn not tako the people any further on
)hc path of progress, nay it can not even
provide fond, clothing and shelter for its
;»lavcB, and out of that necessity of the
.common people for life, and freedom from.
starvation, will come the impulse that
will overthrow the present system, and
will institute one that will provide for
the needs of those that produce the
world's wealth. As the system, as stated
by Sir Auckland, was breaking down at
the beginning of the present century, wo
can well look forward to its early demise,
for what little there was left in capitalism,
in 1914, was destroyed by the war, and
and the end can not be long deferred no
matter how much ambassadors extraordinary, or any other members of the ruling class may wish to avert it. The people will then leave behind the mechanism
of capitalism which has already proven
itself incapable of being able to provide
for the needs of the world's population.
We must produce for use or starve to
death. Production for profit is an impossible proposition at this time, and the people are learning to realize this by their
terrible suffering. The workers alone
are capable of bringing thc day when
want and misery will be no more and
they will be compelled to do it out of
their dire necessity. The lack of the necessities of life was the cause of the war,
and will bc thc final cause of the downfall of capitalism. Speed the day when
the people will engage in useful production of the necessities of life.
VANCOUVEB people were shocked on
Monday morning on lcarnirfg that
five persons had been burnt to death in a
fire at thc Balmoral apartments. The
usual investigation is to be held as to
the cause of the fire,
PROFITS, and why there were not
FIRES proper safeguards. This
AND DEATHS tragedy, like all other
happenings which disturb the even tenor of the lives of the
people of this city, will be looked upon
as usual from a standpoint that only
touches the surface, and the underlying
cause will never be mentioned except by
those people who are looking on^_ and
recognize that the cause of the fire was
the .profit system. In the first place it is
the system which has made it necessary
for people to bc herded into cities, and
made apartment houses necessary to the
life of the community. The trading in
commodities, whieh are the product of
labor, but do not belong to those that
produce them, has made it necessary that
the cities should be built in order that
thc marketing of the produce of the country can be carried on. This has brought
large numbers of people into the cities,
with a corresponding inerease in real
estate values, the outcome of which has
been the elimination of the home, and the
herding of people in apartment houses
and other places whieh have been built
to provide the necessary shelter for the
city dwellers.
Apartment houses arc not built primarily for use, but, like all other things under
capitalism, are produced for profit, and
that alone. This being the case, the
builder of such places endeavors
to have them erected at thc lowest possible cost, without regard to the safety of
the people who are eventually to occupy
them, yhe people that have tho enforcing of the laws as to fire
protection are largely of the class
that live by thc -profits gained through
capitalistic production. They have sympathy with the property owners, and only in
so far as thc protection of thcir own interests is concerned are they interested in
protecting the general public. It may be
true that the building regulations are today more strict than they were in the
year when the Balmoral was built, but
the fact remains that even today in many
cases permits arc given for buildings to
be erected under conditions that are not
sufficient to prevent similar happenings.
The building in question was a fire trap.
The materials with which it was built
were of such a nature that the fire was
practically inevitable, and of course they
were used because they were cheaper than
fireproof construction would have been,
and yet the same rents could be charged,
and as large profits secured. The cause
of tho fire and tho death of five persons
was thc profit system and no other.
» » *
While Vancouver people were shocked
by the local occurrence, there is little
concern expressed over the' deaths of millions of people in Europe because of the
policies of the capitalistic governments
of the world. The death of five persons
in Vancouver as a result of a fire has
caused more concern here than has tho
death of millions who have been murdered by the same system which was responsible for the war, the local fire, and
the blockade of Soviet Russia, and which
will cause thc deaths of many moro of the
world's dispossessed before the reign of
King Capital is destroyed. Death and destruction are the outcome of the capitalistic system, whether it be caused by a fire
in a building erected for profit, or by war
for commercial supremacy, or by economic blockades. Life can only be safeguarded by a system of production for
use and the elimination of profit from the
scheme of things.
ABOUT ten months ago the property
interests of this city decided that
they would not como across with the
necessary simolcans for the efficient teaching of the children.   The same interests
have made a like de-
PROPERTY cision this yoar, and
AND refused to provide tho
EDUCATION necessary money for
the education of thc
children, and the caring of prospective
mothers by the building of a maternity
hospital. The education of children today is so framed as to make them fitted
to carry on the present system of production, and at the same time to instill
in the minds of the coining generation due
reverence for thc master class, and the
institutions of capitalism. The members
of thc class which largely benefits by tho
present method of   educating   children,
have decided that they are not prepared!
to bear the expense of carrying on thff
work of educating future slaves, and
that they are content to have this work
carried out in a most unsatisfactory manner. The indifference of the property-
owning- class of Vancouver should be of
£reat interest to those that have studied
the educational efforts of the Sofiet government of Russia, where property does
not dominate the situation. While the
press has been full of so-called Bolsheviki
atrocities; the Bolsheviki have shown an
interest in the children and mothers of
Bussia, that will put any capitalistic nation to shame. It is true that the women
and children of that country have suffered, but that is not thc fault of the Soviet
government, but thc blame must be laid
at the door of the capitalistic combination
that would if possible crush the new democracy.
a       *       a
In Soviet Russia thc children are fed
before attending school, and women and
children first is a reality in that country,
and property has no place in the scheme
of thiugs, except it be communal property
which is used for the benefit of the
people. Every care is taken of pregnant
women, and even with tho disabilities
that have had to be faced by the Russian
people, owing to,the blockade, the educational facilities for children and adults
are cf such a nature as to be a source of
wonder to those that have seen the
efforts boing put forth to educate the
people. In the year 1919, in spite of
blockades, and the attempts to destroy the
new order in Russia, 1,650 schools were
opened. Another feature of thc educational system is the fact that they not only
leach literacy, but educate the children
in various branches of economy. In other
words, in contradistinction to capitalistic
education, the Russian children are taught
those things which are useful, and they
are not filled with erroneous ideas as to
so-called history, and other non essentials.
i *        a        a '•
The education of adults has also been
carried on to an extent not known in any
other country, in spite of all obstacles
placed in the way by the capitalistic nations, the best building in eaeh city
is "nationalized" and turned into a workers' palace, and is equipped with a free
library, newspapers, free schools, etc.
These palaces are the places where the
workers not only study the more essential
things, but where they study art, and produce plays of their own, and all actors in
Russia are paid by the government. I,"
* * * iai»d
While the ruling class of the capital-,
istic natigns is loud in its condemnation,
of the Bolsheviki, the indifference displayed by the members of that class to the
misery of the people is in sharp contrast
to the attitude of Soviet Russia, where tnei
care of women and children is of the first
importance. There a capitalistic platitude
has become a reality, and the helpless iftid
the young arc cared for to the fullest possible extent of the resources of the country. While the old and the lame, and the
halt in capitalistic countries are left to
shift for themselves, or to the care of
charitably disposed people, in Russia they
become the wards of thc nation and ore
cared for tyy a commissariat of public welfare. The education of children, and thc
care of mothers, will receive the same attention from the present ruling class in
all capitalistic countries as they have in
Vancouver, and not until the present system of profit, which is based on the class
ownership of the means of wealth production, has ben eliminated, will women
and children come first. Property today
is the first consideration, humanity is only
a secondary consideration if it is considered at all. The least our Vancouver
property owners can do is to remain silent
abouj Bolsheviki atrocities, and take a
look at their own failings before they attempt to put any other people right, for
they are too mean to educate the children so that they can carry on the system
which gives them their property, and the
profits that they derive from the present
system,
Our attention has been called to the
following statement, which appeared in
the local press:
The Czecho-Slovaks were greeted
this afternoon by a committee of Vancouver ladies, representing thc Red
Cross Society. The war-worn veterans were presented with a package
containing cigarettes, an orange and
' a chocolate bar, in recognition of
valuable services rendered the Allied
cause.
Evidently the samo spirit animated the
people who made this "generous" donation as animated the property owners
last Saturday when voting on the money
bylaws. Wc have wondcrcij if the Czecho
troops had have been successful in defeating the Bolsheviki forces, would th6y
have received a bag of salted peanuts in
addition to the other munificent offerings.
Or failing that, an ice cream cone, or an
all day sucker.
During the war, it was a common thing
to charge any activo member of the
working class, who opposed the government of this or any of the allied countries,
with being in thc pay of Germany. After
theNarmistice was signed another source
of revenue for tho workers' representatives was found in Bolsheviki Russia. The
latest source of corruption is the old land.
During tho big strike in France many
Socialists were thrown into prison in the
attempt to break thc strike. Amongst
the charges which were made against
these members of the working class, was
the charge of having received money from
George Lansbury of Bow Road, London,
for tlie purpose of carrying on agitation,
Wc give this information to our readers
so that they will know just where thc
money is to be obtained to carry on pro
paganda in this country; in fact we arc
thinkihg seriously of writing Lansbury
asking him for enough to start a daily in
this city.
E FIT FOR
S
Australian Unions Look
Like Securing 44-
Hour Week
Employing Class Is Put*
ting Up Its Usual
Squawk
The issue at present confronting
the organized labor movement of
Australia Is not a spasmodic or
ephemeral agitation, but one which
is fundamental to the objectives of
tho modern labor movement since
the earliest days of its Inception
in that country. The one reason
why tt appears so conspicuous at
the present time is because during
past years the flght for a short-
hour working week haB been allowed to slacken somewhat, notwithstanding the much aggravated
needs of tho worker to improve his
status within the community.
Looking Back
Looking back over the economic,
commercial and general advancement of the last quarter in Australia it becomes the most peculiar of
all Incongruities that the subject of
the working week of the Industrious majority of the community
should be forcing itself upon public
attention at all. The situation,
however, illustrates the cause of
labor's subjection at the hands of
the employing class, which is fighting to maintain control of the Industrial system purely from motives of private profit to the exclusion of the workers' inherent
rights to the fruits of industry and
progress.
Thus it comes about that the
wage earners' aspiration for added
scope to enjoy a brighter and fuller
life has been perennially treated
by the people's common enemies
as an infringement upon their assumed authority to dictate the conditions of existence to those who
are improperly divorced from ownership and control of the means of
produetion. The opposition to the
popular and extensive agitation
now being so energetically token
up by the rank and flle of the
working class movement In Australia will consequently be found to
emanate from the sordid profit-
mongers who constitute the employing class, and from motives not
less clear than their reasons for op
posing all reforms directed to Im
prove the lot of the workers.
Capitalists Squawk
Realizing the awakened spirit of
the workers, the capitalists of Australia are talking loudly about the
need for "Increased production"
and the crime of "limiting output."
As in other countries, so in Australia the capitalist class is only
concerned in maintaining the present mode of production for profit,
which depends fundamentally upon
the appropriation of surplus value
of the labor of the workers. Today
the issue has been boiled down to
this: Will the community tolerate
opposition to the much-needed reform of the working class for a
44-hour week such Is but the premeditated policy of greed and
proflt?
From standpoints other than
economics the shorter working
week has become essential to modern life In Australia as in other
countries to ensure on the part of
the great majority of the people
that degree of leisure time during
which a broader social life is mainly developed, lesson the depressing
effect of intensified industrialism
upon the manhood of the country,
and ln order that workers may
have reasonable time at their own
disposal for recreation and performance of social and civil duties.
Stood SU11 for 64 Years
The eight-hour day was achieved
tn Australia as far back as 1856.
For 64 years, therefore, tho workers of Australia have stood on the
same ground as the pioneers and
have been remarkably tolerant of
conditions which have rapidly out
grown the times through which
they lived. Since then the era of
machine production and commercial development has witnessed an
extraordinary high collective output of labor, reducing in effect the
relative cost to the production of
commodities and services. The
working class has thus marked
time during the last two generations In Australia, and meekly witnessed the transformation of industrial enterprise to what it is today,
and whilst directly responsible for
the great Improvement that has
taken place they havo not gained
one hour of added leisure time ln
return. In view of these facts, the
44-hour movement is not launched
an hour too soon In Australia, notwithstanding the blatant cry from
capitalists generally that the
scheme Is a suicidal one for the
country.
Looking at It from a general historic standpoint there was always a
persistent opposition on the part of
the capitalists not only to the
shortening of hours for the workers but to the curtailment of female
and child labor In shops and factories, When the Ten-hour BUI
was passed In Australia nearly 80
years ago, it was fiercely resented
by tlie capitalists on the plea that
it would ruin the country, and from
decade to decade, as the workers
wrung concessions from their masters, thero has always been the
same antagonistic opposition on the
part of the capitalists. So today,
whon the workers are seeking to
get the 44-hour week in place of
the 4S-hour week as heretofore, the
cry goes up that "ft can't be done,"
"it won't pay," "the country will
be ruined," and so on. Happily, organised labor ln Australia has
grown used to those swansongs on
the part of tho capitalists, and are
not likely to be turnod from the
realization of their own industrial
status as the productive, useful
class ln soolety and Insist on their
rights for a reduction In the hours
of labor.
Rank ami Flic Lining Vp
Tho rank and flle throughout
Australia are gradually coming into
line on the popular move for a
shorter working week, A great
number of unions have already
taken the necessary steps in bringing it about. Almost throughout
the length and breadth of Australia
the building trades have adopted
the 44-hour week, while other industries are now about to take up
thoir place and step out boldly.
That It must eventually come Is
foreseen even by the capitalists
themsolves, who now propose that
the-wbote matter be submitted to
a conference of workers and employers—not with the idea of contesting the claims of the workers to
a 44-hour week, but rather with an
idea to making lt uniform throughout Australia at the one time. The
Commonwealth Arbitration Court
Is arranging, at the time of writing,
for a tribunal to go into the whole
matter, and It ls expected that
within a short space of time the 44-
hour battle will have been won for
the trade unionists of the Australian Commonwealth.
AGENT PROVACATEUR
IS BOMB THROWER
Italian Consul Takes Up Coses of
the Italians Wbo Wcro
Illegally Arrested
New York.—In response to ploas
of Italians throughout the city, the
Italian Boyal Consul of New York,
has ordered an Investigation Into
the death of Andrea Salsedo, who,
on May 8, leapt from a window of
a room in the department of Justice
offloe on the fourteenth floor of a
downtown building, where, after
his arrest without warrant, he had
been held without trial for more
than two months.
Depending upon the findings ot
the investigation, the Italian consul may bring one suit against the
department of justice for the Illegal arrest and detention of Salsedo, and another charging the department with his death.
Eugenie Vico Kavarlni, who was
known among the Italians for a
year as a bomb-throwing anarchist,
Is one of the government agents
who has had sums of money at his
disposal. Several Italians now held
on Ellis Island for deportation
have testified that Ravarnl waa responsible for their arrests.
BOLSHEVIKI OOLD FOR
BRITISH MERCHANTS
«Tlisee  Hundred  Millions  Will  Be
Transferred Through Trade
Agreement
Seattle—Throe hundred million
dollars In gold ln Moscow will be
drawn to England through a trade
agreement befcween Russia and representatives of Great Britain, according to exclusive dispatches received in Seattle commercial circles.
Unties the arrangement, individual British firms will begin Immediately to trade with Russia, in
what is considered to be the most
important trade step of International character since the end of the
war.
The only control held by the British government over the transactions will bo t»o formal issuing of
permits to buainess concerns anxious to obtain Soviet trade.
The Russian gold Ib counted
upon to .strengthen the reserves of
the Bank of England.
Russian prisoners in English Jails
will be eent home and British prisoners In Russia liberated, the report maintains.
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aaa ...June 25, 1920
TWELFTH YEAR.    NO. 88
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancodveb, a ft
PAGEHVI
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III
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LIMITED
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[Capitalist Against Capitalist
[By Scott Nearing]
t< Staff Writer, Federeated Press)
The early American enterprises
—tho pioneers—began a single'
handed struggle with nature. Necessity forced them to co-operate.
They established a new Industry.
The factory brought them together.
They organized their system of industrial direction and control. The
corporation united them. They
turned on one another in mortal
combat, and the frightfulness of
their losses forced them to Join
hands.
Victory or Death
The  business men of the late
119th century had been nurtured
upon the idea of competition,
, "Kvery man for himself and the
I devil take the hindmost," summed
[up their philosophy. Each person
I who entered the business arena
| was met by an army of savage
1 competitors, whose motto was,
1 "Victory or death," In the struggle that followed, most of them
, suffered death.
Capitalist set himself up against
capitalist In bitter strife. The rail-
> roads   gouged   the.   farmers,   the
J manufacturers and the merchants
i fought ono another.    The big business organizations drove the little
* man to the wall, and then attack-
. ed their larger rivals.    It was a
fight to the finish, with no quarter
asked or given.
The Finish
The "finish" came with periodic
regularity in the seventies, the eighties and the nineties. The number
of commercial failures In 1875 was
double the number of 1872, The
number of failures in 1878 was
over three tlmea that of 1871. The
'■. isame thing happened In the eighties. The liabilities of concerns
failing In 1884 were nearly four
times the liabilities of those falling
in 1880. The climax came ln the
I nineties, after a period of compar-
;• atlve prosperity. Hard tithes began in 1893. Demand dropped off.
Production decreased. Unemployment was widespread. Wages fell.
Prices went down, down, under bit- -
tre competitive selling, to touch
roek bottom in 1896. Business concerns continued to fight one another, though both were going to the
wall.
The Panlo of 1893
The destruction wrought In the
business world by the panlo of 1893
was enormous. During the yeara
Immediately preceding 1843, the
number of commercial failures ln
the United States was 10,000 a year.
In 1893 the number jumped to 15,-
242. The amount of liabilities Involved In these failures had not
passed the two hundred million
mark since 1884. The total liabilities of failed concerns ln 1893 was
$346,780,000. During the next two
years it ran over one hundred and
seventy millions each year. In 1896
it jumped to $226,000,000, Normal
conditions were not restored until
1899, when the boom that accompanied the Spanish war put busl
nefea on its feet
The catastrophe of the nineties
coming as it did, so close upon the
heels of the panics that had immediately preceded it, could not fall to
teach Its lesson.
The period between 1897 and
1902 was one of feverish activity
directed to co-ordinating the affairs of the business world. Trusts
were formed in all of the Import
ant branches of industry and trade.
The publie looked upon the trust
as a meana of picking pockets
through trade conspiracies, and the
boosting of prices. The Sherman
Anti-Trust law had been passed on
that assumption. In reality, the
trusts were organized by far-seeing
men, who realized the competition
was wasteful ln practice, and un
sound in theory. The idea that the
failure of one bank or shoe factory
was of advantage to other banks
and shoe factorleb, had not stood
the test ot experience. The tragedies of the nineties had showed
conclusively that an Injury to one
part of the commercial fabric, was
an injury/ to 8*1 of its parts.
There were other reasons, of
course, for the formation of the
trusts, but the rapid move away
DEMAND
THIS      m    LABEL
ON YOUR BREAD
IT IS THE ONLY GUARANTEE THAT THE
BREAD IS MADE UNDER FAIR
CONDITIONS
FOR RENT
Large Hall f«r Meetings
SUCH  AS   UNION   MEETINGS
I'or terms apply J. B. CAMPBELL, 804 Fender St. W.
Phone Seymour 291
Read, Learn and
Inwardly Digest
NOW HEADY IN PAMPIUiET FOBS!
Judge Metcalfe', Charge to the Jury In the Russell Trial, aa
compared with CAVE In Rex va. BUHNS, ENGLAND, 1888.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
OPINION
By W. H. TRUEMAN, K. C.
Examination and statoment of Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, In Trial of K. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919,
Prices for the above pamphlets are as under:—
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, SSe per dozen copies;
single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
GALT in THE KING vs. P. 3. DIXON, M.L.A.
—ALSO—
ADDRESS TO THE JURY BY P. J. DIXON,
M.L.A.
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address over
delivered in the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, 15,00 per 36 copies; single
copies, 25c each.   All charges prepaid.
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Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue,
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tionlst Offlce. *
from competition and toward combination, was made by men whose
experience had taught them the
wastefulness of competition.
No   HlllHlOll
The generation of business men,
trained since 1900, has had no illusions about competition. Rather,
it has had as its object the successful combination of various forms
of business enterprise into ever-
larger units. First there was the
uniting of Industries. Cotton mills
were linked with cotton mills;
mines with mines. Then came the
integration of industry—the con-
contratlon undef one control of all
of the steps In the Industrial pro-
cesfe from the raw material to the
finished product—Iron mines, coal
mines, blast furnaces, converter*;,
and rail mills united ln one organization to take the raw material
from the ground and to turn out
the fashioned steel product Last
of all, there was the union of unlike industries—the control, by one
group of interest of so many and
as varied activities ais could be
brought together and operated at
a profit.
It was the consummation of
these combinations, integration and
consolidations that the Investment
banker came Into his own as the
keystone In the modern tnudstrial
arch.
Business is consolidated because
consolidation pays—not primarily,
through the Increase of prices, but
through the greater stability, the
lessened costs, and the growing security that has accompanied the
abolition of competition.
Again the forces of sooial organization have triumphed In the
face of an almost universal opposition, American business men prac.
tlsed competition until they found
that co-oporation was the only possible means of conducting large
affairs. The business experiences
of the past fifty year's have added
another to the many causes that
were forcing the business individualist to unite with his fellows. The-
ory advised, "Compete!" Experience warned "Combine!" Business
men—like all other practical people—accepted the dictates of experience aw the only sound basis
for procedure. They combined because their competitive struggles
had pointed out to them the direction in which lay their common salvation. This combination solidified their rankto, preparing them to
take their places In a closely knit,
dominant class, with clearly marked' interests, and a strong feeling
of clads-consciousness and solidarity.
TIIE "CAPITALIST"
(An Australian Story)
He was sitting on a gate-post
idly swinging his legs, a short clay
pipe in his mouth. He was, In fact,
one of the most disreputable of the
species tramp I had ever met.
"Got any 'baccy, mate?" he
asked.
I handed him my pouch, and he
helped himself so liberally that I
was Inclined to^ ask him for the
"fill' and give him what was left
In the pouch.
••Looking for work?" I enquired.
"Wot?   Me!   Why, I gotta job,
"What doing?
He pointed with the stem of his
pipe to a man who was chopping
furiously at a heap of firewood.
"Choppin' wood," was his reply.
"But you're not choppin wood," I
said,
"Oh, yes, I am, boss. Tou Bee.
It's this way. I walks up to this
'ouse and arsts the lady for a bit
of scran.* 'Well,' says she, 'If you'll
chop me that heap of firewood I'll
give yer flvo bob and a feed.' Well,
there was my poor mate standin'
at the gate doing nothln', and I
thought It was a pity to see 'Im
on the unemployed market; so I
hands over the job to him, and
I'm glvln' 'Im 'arf-a-dollar for 'im-
aelf and keeps the other 'art dollar.
You see, I'm doin' 'im a good turn
as well as meself."
"I think you're amoblnably
lazy," I replied. "Why don't you
help him to chop the wood and
share the work as well as the
money?"
"Why should I?" was his answer, "Ain't 1 only doin' wot every
otlter capitalist doos—sharin' the
reward fer work," and glvln' the
work out?"
I felt I could not argue further,
and went on my way, pondering,
A. DIGGER.
•Scran—Food.
O. B. U. UNITS AND WHEN
THEY MEET
Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men—Every Monday.
Laundry Workers—Every second
and fourth Tuesday.
Trades and Labor Council—.Every
first and third Wednesday.
General Workers' Unit—Every
second and fourth Wednesday.
Gas Workers Unit—Every eecond
and fourth Wedensday.
Marino Firemen — Every flrst
Mid third Wednesdays.
All Units meet in Pender Hall,
Pender Street West,'
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copley of PrtWIiardto address to
the jury can now be secured at the
Federallonlst Office. The words
of Prltclmrd, when addressing the
Jury at Winnipeg will go down tn
history as a part of the struggle ln
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
26 centa
The Political and Working
Class Organization in Ireland
Comunication of the Amsterdam Sub Bureau of the Third
International
Sinn frein Is by far the biggest
organization in Ireland! It takes In
all classes of people, without regard for their religious opinlona
set or class. The immediate object
of the organization is the establishment of an Independent Irish Republic, without any clause as to
what form of republic it shall be.
On the establishment of the republic "the Irish people may by
referendum freely choose their
own form of government." (Extract from constitution of Sinn
Fein). The executive of Sinn
Fein Is composed solely of people
of bourgeois outlook and Ideas,
who have formulated an economic
programme for the welfare of the
Irish people, which ls modelled on
the same lines as lf it had been
drawn up by the present Labor
Party in Britain. That programme
would be supported by at least
half of the members of the organization, that half which is composed
of farmers, clerics, teachers and
professors, doctors, shopkeepers,
etc.; the other half, which is made
up from town workers and the land
workers, -havo no definite ideas
(generally speaking) on the matter: they want an Irish republic,
and Imagine that when it Is established everything will be all right
for them. A section among this
half is beginning to understand
that such will not be the case, and
they have become suspicious owing
to the action of certain Sinn Fein
M. P.'s ln industrial disputes. No^,
the means relied on by the Sinn
Fein party for the establishment
of the republic can be defined as
direct political action, but the
party generally is not committed
to a policy of physical force. The
organization of Sinn Fein is carried out much in the same way aa
any ot£er political party. Clubs are
formed ln various districts, and
their duty is to carry on registration work, propaganda, etc. After
the general election last year Sinn
Fein established an Irish government ("Dail Elreann"), but it
wields no political power; lt Is
merely an appeal to the sentiment
of the people, and a means of expressing to the world the solidarity
of the Irish nation. It is to be distinctly understood that all Irish
republicans are not in the Sinn
Fein political party; the majority
of the younger men are organized
In the ranks of the "Irish Volun
teers." The Irish Volunteers act
as a wing of the Sinn Fein movement, but are not controlled by
the Sinn Fein executive ( and are,
as a matter of fact, hated and feared by many of the politicians in
the Sinn Fein party). The volnw
teers are organized on a military
basis—In companies, battalions,
brigades, etc.—and have a general
headquarters staff, who direct the
work of the movement. A couple
of the members ot the volunteers'
executive are also members of the
Sinn Fein executive, and act as a
connecting link between the two
organizations. The volunteers support the Sinn Fein party in their
efforts to establish a republic. To
sum up the situation: Sinn Fein
is the political party, who believe
In political (and, tf you like, constitutional) methods and action to
realize their object; the volunteers
aro the physical force party; they
support Sinn Fein as far as Sinn
Fein as an organization ls prepared
to go, and when they have reached
their limit the' fighting men step
in and carry on.
The Volunteers.
As has been pointed out, they
work ln harmony with Sinn Fein,
and help them as far as possible,
but primarily they are a military
organization. The general staff
are elected by ballot at a yearly
convention. The members are
trained In the use of lethal weapons
and ln the use of all explosives,
etc. They are taught engineering,
signalling, etc.; they number from
35,000 to 40,000 (which is no exaggeration), and .practically all
are armed. Many of the leaders
are active In the Sinn Fein party,
and have the same politico-economic outlook Others among the leaders are not politicians in the ordinary sense; they are really revolutionaries of the Fenian type,
who are prepared to fight at any
time, and who have a profound
contempt for ballot-boxes. They
attacked Presdent Wilson as a
fraud and a hypocrite, while the
Sinn Fein ambassadors In Paris
were endeavoring to get the American president to listen to their
claims. They also despise many
of the Sinn Fein politicians, like
Arthur Griffiths, McNeill, etc. The
rank and file are for the most
part proletarians, hundreds of
them are trade unionists, a small
percentage are Socialists or have
sympathies In that direction; very
few hostile to tho idea of a workers' republic. Their position is
simple—Join the Volunteers, help
to drive out the British army, and
then we will settle the rest at home.
The majority share the same contempt for Griffiths and tbe reactionary groups ln Sinn Fein, and
as many of them participated tn
tho "1913" etrlke" and ln other
strikes they are bitterly hostile to
most ot tho employing class ln
Sinn Fein. The Volunteers, while
not so strong in numbers as Sinn
Fein, are easily the most influential; they, and they alone, are the
factor In Ireland. Thetr organization is perfoct, they are armed and
they are determined; they can
sway Ireland as they wish. Taking
them as a body, they would be
more favorable to the Idea of a
Workers' Republlcand more easily
won over to that Idea than to Sinn
Fein organization.
(Since this report was written,
the Volunteer strength has boen
doubled, and they are now In a
practically impregnable position).
Transport and General Workers*
Union.
Since the death of Connolly (and
the departure of Larkin) the
Transport Union has grown by
leaps and bounds; Its membership
Should now be a>out 80,000. Apart
from Its work as a labor union, It
has a political objective: "to secure
for the workers of Ireland the right
to the material ownership of Ireland;" but the political side Is not
taken seriously. The men who
comprise the executive are for the
most part under the influence of
the Stnn Fein party, and during
the municipal elections Sinn Fein
voters received instructions to vote]
on second preference (the election
Was under the proportional representation scheme) for the Liberty
Hall (1) candidates. This was
done notably In the case of Wm.
O'Brien, who is general treasurer
ot the union. All the actions of
the union officials fn political matters coincide, consciously or unconsciously, with those of the Sinn
Fein representatives. The -rank
and flle are for the most part
members of the Volunteers and the
Sinn Fein clubs, but in some places
the men are hostile to Sinn Fein,
notably ln Dublin. The spirit generally is good, and their class-consciousness Is being awakened gradually, hut tt receives no fillip from
the leaders, who seem content with
a big membership and a big bank
balance. But In a crisis the class
spirit could easily be aroused
the majority ot the rank and flle
would support a struggle for a
Workefs' Republic. The general
attitude of the union Is determined
by tho officials, and thetr attitude
tn turn is determined by the politi
cal situation, and the executive
can always be relied on not to run
counter to the feeling evoked by
Sinn Fein appeals.
The Socialist Party of Ireland.
This once active organization is
now nearly defunct. It never sur
vived the blow it received when
O'Shannon, Hughes and.,Johnson
(2) went to Berne to represent it
at the "Yellow International." It
ts now practically in the hands, of
the office staff of "Liberty HaU,"
who are anything but Socialists.
An attempt waamade to transform
It into a revolutionary movement
some months ago, and partially
succeeded; but it was finally killed
by the opposition of the press,
clergy, Sinn Fein, and the Transport Union officials, led by Wm,
O'Brien, who was once chairman
of the party, but was never a <
cialist. it wields no political nor
a,ny other power, and ts merely
uaed as u debating society, and will
continue to be used as such while
It is controlled by men who are
trades union officials first, anything else second, last (and very
last) Socialists.
The Irish Citizen Army.
This organization still exists, but
if, is nearly finished. It has de
alined since the death of Connolly,
it fa hostile to Sinn Fein and to the
Official element In Liberty Hall,
itmt Its opposition U-very narrow
(and almost reactionary. Its mem
bership has dwindled' down to almost 60, all of whom are armed,
but lt counts for nothing as an organization. An attempt to revive
Itand work lt in conjunction with
a [ Revolutionary Socialist party
failed, but the few that are left
|woUld fight for the Socialist republic.
(This organization has now been
revived under a strong command,
and its strength has grown considerably).
These are the organizations
which appear on the political battlefield In Ireland, I am, of oourse,
leaving out the Hibernians, U. I. L.,
and the Orange and loyal factions.
The first three are rapidly dying
out, lf some are not already dead,
The loyalists are, of course, In a
amall minority, although very well
organized. There Is also a section
led by Delia Larkin, who have
broken away from Liberty Hall;
they are small In numbers and well
organized, but they have very little
influence on the situation, and are
not to be seriously reckoned wtth,
although most of them are Socialists. The organization that really
counts is the "Irish Volunteers."
They are out for an Irish republic,
but lf lt were once established the
majority could be relied on to see
that the republic would be controlled by the workers. Their attitude towards world revolution is:
they admire the Bolsheviki for the
fight they made and admire their
iprlnciples; regarding British labor,
that is another matter. If they
oould be convinced that the workers
In Britain were tn earnest, and
that they really wanted a revolution
and were prepared to fight for It,
thoy could be Induced to help; but
the Volunteers have a feeling that
the British workmen cannot bo
trusted any more than the ruling
elUss. This feeling could easily be bridged tt only the
British workers, or a section of
them, would begin to act. There Is
one last organization, controlled
for the moot part by people who
are unsympathetic ta^he workers
—an educational organisation, the
"Gaelic League." It has no political function, and need not ..be
taken into consideration In tho
event of a crisis. The general tendency of all the organizations Is
towards the Idea of a republic. All
the organizations will help to overthrow British power in Ireland,
but when that is done tho real
struggle begins.
The people who aro In power ln
tho Sinn Fein movement will endeavor to establish a republic along
the "old approved lines," with a
few modifications, and conscious
elements in Ireland will resist, and
resist successfully. A great doal
of propaganda Is being carried on.
Tbere nre many Socialists in Ireland who are unattached, but who
are working definitely towards an
objective. There la another section of whom nothing has been
heard yet, but who will get support Inter—the Workers' Communist party. They are practically
Unknown, but they will probably
provide the rallying ground for the
discontent. We will wait and see!
—The Socialist.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury,
Copies of Prltchard^ address to
the jury ean now be secured at the
Fedora I tonlet Offlco. The words
of Pritchard, when addressing the
Jury ut Winnipeg will go down In
history ah a part nt the struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a copy. Get
your* lie fore tlie rush starts, Price
25 cents,
Helsingfors, Finland.— According to Beml-offlcal Information,
the arrested leaders of tho new Socialist labor party, whoso organization meeting was broken up by
the police, will formally bo accused
of "preparations for treason." The
sentence will be from ono year to
life In penal servitude.
THOUSANDS BREAK
FEOM MACHINISTS
New Metal Workers Organization
Is Formed In tlie
United States
New York—The recently organized Amalgamated Metal Workers
Unton Includes 11,000 metal work
ers brought together Into an Independent union by the recent merger of the former Brotherhood of
Metal Workers, with the Amalgamated Metal Workers of America.
The latter organization is an insurgent body whtch split off from the
American Federation of Labor
Union, the International Association of Machinists, tn Novembee,
1919.
The organization hopes eventually to Include plumbers, electricians and engineers. A local, with
a membership of 1000 Is already
established in Bridgeport, and organisers are working tn Philadelphia and Chicago.
Copenhagen, Denmark.— Borg-
land, president of the Seamens'
Union of Denmark, has been arrested on account of his activities
tn the water front strike. The police raided the office of the organization. All books and documents
were seized.
Berne, May 26—(By Mail)—That
the Swiss lumber and building interests determined to crush union
labor in these industries ts indicated by the fact that the employers
are refusing to take back some
10,000 strikers and locked-out men
who have offered to go back to
work, They declare that the spirits
of the unionists who demand a two
hour reduction of the working
week, must be broken.
Seattle.—Delegates to the State
Federation of Labor convention
which meets at Spokane June 28,
have been informed through state
headquarters office that the railroads have refused to grant convention rates to the delegates. This,
In spite of the tact that fraternal
orders and political organizations,
are granted reduced rates as a matter of form.
Sydney,^ N. S. W.—Australian
unionists are trying to secure the
permission of the Australian government to allow a delegation ot
workers to visit Russia so that they
may learn the true facts of the
Soviet administration and its effect
on the people at first hand. The
Australian representative of the
Russian Socialist Federated Reptib
lie has expressed the fullest sympathy with this Idea.
The Armour Grain Company
was. found guilty and sentenced by
a-Chicago judge to pay a fine of
$1050 for adulterating oats sold
to the American army in France-
probably argood deal less than the
profit made on the adulteration.
At the same"Tlme another Chicago
judge sent a poor devil to jail for
a year for adulterating a little
whisky with red pepper and ginger,
New York.—Following the lead
of Seattle workers, a group of New
York trade-unionists have set up a
labor moving picture film service
here. The purpose of the organization will be to produce motion
pictures to further the cause of
lalior, and counteract the anti-labor
temper of many of the present pro
auctions.
Seattle.—Bankers must take a
firm stand against radicals, Guy
B. Bowerman of New York, secretary ot the American Bankers' Association, told 400, financiers in
convention here. Agitators must
be deported, said Bowerman, and
the community taught to look up
took up to bankers for leadership.
New York.—Paul Bosco, a Russian who was arrested in 1917 on
a chargo of distributing a pamphlet
by the Rev. Erwln St. John Tucker,
entitled, "The Price We Pay," has
boen unconditionally released after
three years' Imprisonment, and deportation charges against htm have
been dropped.
New York.—Organization of the
shirt workers of America and Canada is to be undertaken on an extensive scale by the Amalgamated
Clothing Workera of America, It
was announced at the headquarters here. Fifty thousand workers
and mass meetings during thc next
will be reached through literature
three months, according to August
Bellanca, member of tho general
executive board of the A. C. W„
who Is in charge of the campaign.
Vienna—How completely tho reactionary Horthy government Jn
Hungary dominates even the men
of science there, Is brought out by
reports just received from Budapest, telling of the expulsion hy thc
Hungarian Academy of Science of
several of its mombors for the
"crime" of having continued to
hold their chairs In the colleges under the regime of Bela Kun. Among
the expelled membors are such noted scientists as O'ncar Aflboth (Slav
philology), Bernard Alexander,
(philosophy); Emanuel Beke, (mathematics); Ladfeslaa Ebor, (history of art), and Adolph Lcndl,
(zoology.)
Seattle—Following one of the
hottest debates that hns ever been
held by the King County Democratic Club, a vote of B4 to 16 was
registered In favor of a petition to
tho president calling for the release
of politicnl prlsonors. American
Legion men, who led the fight
against the resolution, charged thnt
the Democrats of Seattle and King
county, were ''selling out to the
Bolshevists." Charges and counter charges were flung across thc
floor. So lengthy was the .controversy that special speakers who
had been Invited for the occasion,
were told Ihey could not bo heard,
and were asked to visit the club on
a future occasion.
Among other liberal stands
taken by the farmers of Washington at a recent eonvention was
the passage of resolutions calling
for the repeal of tho State syndicalism law and the national
espionage act, release of political
prisoners and a resolution which
would hnvo privato detective
agencies refused license in this
state.
Whon through with this paper,
pass It on. 	
Paris
Loggers
and light Cruisers
(\UR LOGGER BOOTS are the best that can
" be made. We do not make any exceptions.
If it were possible to improve in wear, fit or
weight we would do it. Absolutely waterproof
uppers, the very best sole stock, which we guarantee to hold calks. Make your next pair a
Paris Make.
A COMPLETE STOCK OF FINE BOOTS
Paris Repairing
Our repair work has made a name for us—our leather is
better and our knowledge of tht work superior. Leave
your old shoes with us and we will make them look like
new. We make any style boot to your measure. Cripple
boots a specialty. %
P. PARIS
51-Hastings West-51
Loudon.—One of the most Important events in recent days Is the
formation of the Amalgamated Engineering Union, whose officials
entered on thetr duties on June 1.
The new union consists of eleven
skilled workers organizations, with
a total membership of 480,000.
Get On the Voters' list
Tou may think that no change
can be brought About by voting,
but at least you should um your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
tt ts up to you to' get on the 11*
for your district.
"yyrE WANT your trade
and in order to get
it we are offering the best
values to be had.
Men's Broncho (Moves, pr. ..85o
Men'a Oauntlets, at pair ..11.00
Men's Working Sox, wool ..50e
Men's Fine Sox, 3 pair ....01.00
Men's Nightshirts  $2.50
Men's Pyjamas $3.50
Men's Fine Shirts  $1.35
Men's Black Shirts $1.50
Men's Khaki Shirts IMS
Men's Blue Zephyr Shirts $1.50
Engineers' Shirta $1.80
Men'a Standald'a Underwear,
per garment ~ $9.00
Men's Boots, pair $$.00
Men's Oxfords, flrat grade $0,0$
Men's Work Boots, pair ..$4.00
Men's Dr. Reld's Cushion Soles,
all lasts.
Moulders' Boots, heavy soles.
Men's Logging Boots $0.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Oordova St. W.
444 Main St.
Direct Importers ot
Foreign Woolens
We Carry a Veil
Line of BannoHriratn
and Harris Tweeds
LANGTRY & CO.
TAILORS
WE MAKE GOOD SUITS
AT  TIIE   KIG1IT  I'lUCE
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C.
AT LAST!
tbis truth—tue whole truth—and nothing but
thi; truth
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and Jun*, 1919
Otvlng the trite facts and nil the details. A book that should
be in every home. Over 300 pages of the most Interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
DO it now '—"
Procrastination does not pay, there la danger ln delay, the beat
tlm. ls today.   DO IT NOW. .
Fries:   Bundl. orders, $40 per 100 copies, $$$ per (0 copies,
$1$ per 25 copies, single copies SOc each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Pager published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B, U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS FOR A DOLLAR
Send along your subscription to "Tho Searchlight,"
t. O. Box 1608, Calgary, Alberta PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. 2c    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      tancotjveb, b. o.
FRIDAY June 2D, 192.
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only bo procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
.-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
i   VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
—SUBSCRIBE TO—
The One Big Union
Bulletin
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Bead ttae News from ttae Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per yoar; $1.00 for six months
Address all confnunications with respect to subs and advts.. to
BARKY WlhLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
Tor Xwutj Tsars we hu. i.iu.d thu Onion Stamp for uu tutor oor
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP INSURES:
P.K.ful CoUectiT. Bsrulnlng
foitUs Both Strikes and Lockouts
Disputes Settled br Arbitration
Staid? Employment tnd Skillod Workmanship
Prompt D.UT.rU. to Dealer, and Public
Poaco ond Sdccmi to Workora and Employors
Prosperity of Sboe Making Communities
As loyal unloa men and womon  ws ask
you to domand shoes  bearing   tbo   above
Union Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON* MASS.
Colli! Loraly, Owtna Pml*«t.    ChartM L. Btlnt, Oeairtl 8«e.-Tms.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TEADES AND LABOh
OODMOIL—Preiideni, T. R. Midgley;
fiei-preiid«t, J. M«ih»llj mntmr, J.
R CubbImU; treiaurer, J. 8h»w; ur*
mant-at-uai, E. Kink; truiteei, W. A.
EitefcwiT 8. Merwn, J. M. (lUrk, A.
J WHson H«ts l»t "<1 3rd Wednei-
4m each month at Pender Hill, Pender
Btreet Wut.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS* UNION OP
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
fint Monday in etch month, 8 p.m. Preaident, J, T. Elaworth; tice-pmident, A.
R. Gatenby; recording aeeretary, C, McDonald, P. 0. Box 503, Phone Seymour
8281L; financial seereary. Robt. HeNelak.
P. 0. Box 508.
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADEB COUN-
ell—MeeU aecond Monday In the
boo Ik. Pmldent, J. 9. McConnell; aee-
wun, R H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 86.
BRIDGE 8TRUCTUR«i ORNAMENTAL
aad Reinforced Ironworkera, Loeal »7
•-MeeU aeeaad and fonrth Mondaya.
Freiident Jaa. Haitingi; financial aeo-
ntary and treaaurer, Bey Maasecar, Room
818 Labor Temple.	
ENGINEERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Lnmber Industry (camp and mill)
neet with fellow workera in that Indus-
try. Organise into the Lumber Workeri
Industrial Union of the 0. B. U.   Head-
Juarten. 61 Cordota St. W., Vancouver.
'hone Sey. 7856. ____
GENERAL WORKERS' UNIT, 0. B. U.—
Meela etery 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya
In the month. Pres., A. J.-Wilson. Sec-
troaa., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pender Street West. Houra. S a.m. to 6
p.m.   Phone 8»y. 891. ,
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOB
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meeta etery Tueaday In the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. membera. Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 838,
Prince Ruport,  B.  C.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNIOtf No. 226—
MeeU Ust Sunday of eaeh month at
S p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
preaident, 0. H. Collier', leeretary-treaa-
arer,  R. H. Neelanda.  Box  08.
BOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployeu, Local 28—Meets every second
Wedneaday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every fourth Wednesday in the month
at 8:30 p.m President, John Cnmtnings.
•ecretary and basineia agent, A. Graham.
OBce aad meeting kill, 014 Pender St.
W. none Bey. 1811. OBee hours, 8
ajn. te 8 p.m.
LUMBER AND CAMP WORKERS' IN-
dnstrial Unit of tke One Big Union—
An industrial union of all workers in logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Si*y.
7856. E. Winch, general eecretary
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C: auditors, Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0. 	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local 38-52—OBce and
hall, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets flrat
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomaa Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair.
MARINE FIREMEN k OILERS UNIT of
tha 0. B. U. meet in their union hall
tt 314 Cordova St. W., every First and
Third Wednesday tn the month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlln;
iecretary, Earl King.   Phone Sey. 8698.
MILLWORKERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Lumber InHnstry, organise into the L.
W. I. U- of the 0. B. U. MUIwork-
an* sections meet as follows:
Taaeonver—Lumber   Workera"   headquar
' ton, 81 Cordova St. W. Every Monday
8 p.m.
Mew Wtatiuiniter—Labor Hall. eor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesday! at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. 2nd and 4th Thursday, 8 p.m.
Pott Moody—Orange Hall, 2nd and 4th
Fridays at 8 p.m.
MINE, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
ers' Unit of the Ona Big Union, Metal-
Uferou Mlaera—Vaneoaver, B. 0., head-
laartora, 61 Cordova Strait Weat. All
workers engaged In thla lnduitry ara
■tged to Join tke Union before going on
tha Job.   Don't wait te ha organised, but
Wgantie younelf.	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
North America (Vaneonver and vicinity)—Branch metU second and fourth
Mondayi, Room 204 Labor Temple. Presl-
deal, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. God-
lard, 156 Rlchardi Stnet; reeordlng iecretary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204B,
PULP, PAPEB AND SULPHITE WORK
•ra—You  need  the  Camp  Workers  of
Soar industry. They need you. Organize
.gather In the 0. B. U. Indutirlal Unit
of yoar occupation. Delegate! on every
lob, er write the Diatrict Headquarters,
81 Cordova St. Vf„ Vancouver.   Entrance
lea, 11.00; monthly duei. $1.00,	
■HIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
FaaUnera, I.L.A.. Local Union SIA,
Bcrlea (—Maata the Sad and 4th Friday!
if the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Pmldent, William Maylor; IumU •£
retary aad bnaineai agent, M. Phelps;
wrreipondlng iecretary. W. Lee. Offlee,
Boom 207 Laber Temple,
BTREET AND _ BUBCTBIO K^W «
Employee!, Pioneer Division, No. 101
--Meiti A. O. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant
lit and Srd Mondaya at 10.16 a.m. and /
pja. Pnaldent, B. Bigby; recordlug
Secretary, f. K. eg^l"^* A"!£!
Eaat: tnaaarer, f. ttdaway: inaaeUI
iecretary and buslnesi agent, W. H. Oo**
trcil, 430B Dumfriea Street; office corner
Prior aad Mala flta. Pheae Fair. 8604 B.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
en' Ualon—MeeU Sad and 4th Friday!, SOS Labor Temple. Prealdeat, W.
Wilson, 2839 Granville Street; eecretary,
l B. T. Kelly, I860 Haatinga St. E.; re-
aardlDg-aeentary, L. Holdsworth, 639—
14U St. W, Berth Vaacwivef.
Provincial Uniona
VIOTOBIA. g. Q.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Laber Council—MeeU flrat and
third Wedneadaya, Knighta of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodward; vice-preiident,
A. C. Pike; leereUry-treaaurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0, Box 802, Vietoria, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meeti aecond and fourth
Tuesdays of each montb, in Carpenters'
Hall. President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; lecretary, Geo. Wad-
dell, Box 273,  Prince Rupert,  B. 0.
SAN FRANCISCO UNITS
IN NEW QUARTERS
New  Units  Being   Established   in
That     District —Shipyard
Striko Ends
The San Francisco units cf the
O. B. U. have moved into their
new and larger headquarters situated at 828 Mission st. The units
located there are Building Trades,
Metal Trades, Transportation,
Textile and General Workers. The
shipyard strike has ended In a defeat for the A. F. of L. unions
after un eight months' strike. This
will in all probability tend to line
the men up in the O. B. U. District secretary Baker has received
applications for charters and organizers from Bakerstleld, Cat.,
Fallon, Neveda, and Salt Lake
City, Utah. The Los Angeles unit
has elected a delegate to attend
the Transportation convention in
Chicago on  June  29.
OF BEING SPY
Fraina of Revolutionary
Age Is Agent of
Government
New York.—Evidence leading to
the almost inescapable conclusion
that Louis C. Fraina, editor of the
Kevolutionary Age, and a leader in
the Communist and Communist
labor parties, has been the paid
agent of the department of justice,
have been given out hereby San-
terl Nuortova of the Russian Soviet bureau. AVhile refraining
from making any direct charges
against Fraina.Nuorteva gave to a
representative of the Now York
Call a mass of detail constituting a
serious Indictment of the methods
of the department. His statements
were occaioned by the disclaimer
by Attorney-General Palmer before the senate Investigating committee last week of any connection
between Fraina and his department.
Much of the Soviet bureau's information about Fraina came
through Ferdinand Peterson, a
Finn employed by the department
of justice to spy upon the bureau.
Peterson's connection with the department was admitted before the
senate committee by Palmer, His
mission, Nuortcva declared, was
to try to establish some connection
between the bureau and rich Jewish bankers, It being past of the
department's plan to discredit Soviet Russula as being in a conspiracy of Jewish financiers
against Christianity, Peterson, in
his attempts to obtain secret information about the bureau, invaded even Nuorteva's home and
carried drugs with which to 'dope*
him, Nuortcva asserted.
Following the discovery of his
role, Peterson made a full confession to Nuortcva, and upon this
occasion and several times later,
declared that Fraina was a gov
ernment agent, subatantiting his
claim by the strongest evidence.
The Soviet bureau officials refused
to interest themselves In this matter until Fraina called upon them
to get letters to soviet leaders in
Russia, which he was to visit.
Feeling that they were responsible
for protecting their country against
a possible spy, the officials then
Investigated Fraina, and according to Nuorteva, became convinced
that he wat employed by the department.
One circumstance cited by Nuorteva was that Palmer stated that
he was in possession of all the reports of the third international
conference ln Amsterdam. The
only American representatives at
that conference were Fraina and
his companion, one Nosovitzky, a
Russian doctor in the employe of
a British steamship line and declared to be a police agent.
Nuorteva asserted that Peterson
had, evidently under compulsion,
later on denied his statements concerning Fraina. Peterson was
"lost'1 on his way to Washington
In February, and has not been
heard from since.
ORGANIZERS HUNT
FOR STRIKE-BREAKERS
Slocan Miners Battling AgahM
Bosses, A. F. of L. aud
Strikebreakers.
There is no change in the strike
of the Slocan miners. Four International organizers, H. S. Mc-
ClusKey, A. Shilland, B. Goggin and
G. Heatherton, are busy running
around from place to place to try
and get the men back to work,
but all to no purpose. Goggin
Is an Italian and has been trying
to line up the Italians, but has
failed to get a single Italian into
the union. The same old strike
breakers are on the job, and no
new ones have been obtained. A
bunch of men were sent from Calgary, but when they learned of
the situation every one of them
refused to go to work. McCluskey
has gone to Kimberly to try and
round up some of the men who
scabbed at that place, and have
them transfer their strike-breaking knowledge to the Slocan district. Organizer Roberts, of the
O. B. U., received $82 this week
fr,om the boys in the Florence
mine at Ainsworth.
Slocan Strike Contributions.
Tho following have contributed
to the Slocan Strike Fund: Blue
Bell Mine, Riondel, collections,
$28.GO; Nugget Mine, Salmo, collections, $35; Ioca 'Oil Refinery
workers, $20; James Sinclair, $10;
J. L. Peterson, $3; A. G. Ford, $2;
Joe DeRose, $2; S. Snell, $6; H.
McCarthy,   $2.
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regulatlni PHI for Women, 95
a boi. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tba
Scobell Pruf Oa., St. Catherine!, Onteriq,
PHOSPHONOLforMEN
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increase! "fray matter;" a Tonic
■—will build yon ap. $8 a boi, or two for
$5, at drug stores, or by mall on receipt
of price. Tha Scobell Drag Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
0. HOLDEN CIGAR STAND
1« Hastings St. E.
0. >. V. OAKB
Fttro.li. Thu. Wko P.tronU. TmI
Big Ben
CHOCOLATE SHOP
817 DAVIE ST.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1094    MAIN    STREET
Phone Seymour 2137
We will exchange yonr second head
furniture for aaw.   A square deal or
yoar money  back.
BUILDING TRADES UNIT
FOR SASKATOON
THE TKI'K LOYALIST
"The man who talks about "respoct for law" but who counla the day
lost when ho hasn't broken several laws himself.—From the Liberator.
THE REVOLUTION OF BOLSHEVISM
-OK-
"WHAT BOLSHEVISM HAS BECOME"
A. F. of   L. Organizer   Helpi   lo
Get Members lor Tlie One
Big Union.
Organizer Christophers, with the
aid of the executive committee of
the units of Saskatoon, Sask., are
now organizing a Building Trades
Unit in that city. At a meeting
held by the organizer in the Labor
Temple, McCutcheon of the A, F.
of L. was Invited to the platform,
which he took. He denied having said that the miners of Alberta
were scabs. He made a miserable
attempt to defend the A, F. of L.
and ended by saying that he
thought that the O. B. U. waa alright W the workers would only
try and educate themselves to
their claas position. McCutcheon
was asked why, if he believed in
the industrial form of organization why he was working for the
safe and sane representatives of
Wall St., but did not vouchsafe any
answer. This had its effect on the
nftn who were present, and on
the following day quite a number
of new members were signed up.
Prltcliard'f) Addntfw to the Jury.
Copies of Prltclmrd*B address to
the jury can now be tecured at the
Federationist Oirice. Thc words
of Prltalmrd, when addressing the
Jury ftt Winnipeg will go down in
hlitory as a part of the struggle in
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have « copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
25 tentt-.
Moscow.—During the ''work
month" coal production ln the district of Tjeljablnskk came up to
1,300,000 poods as compared with
900 000 poods estimated in advance. During April the production was about 108,000 poods per
day aa compared to 66,000 poods
per day in March. All old mines
have been opened (Mid new mines
put to work.
J   What about renewing your tub. 7
A reply to John Spargo by Alfred
Henry Lewis in the May issue of
Huspers:
I read with surprise and pain
Mr. Spargo's article In Harper's
magazine for May. I was surprised and pained because I looked at
him as a "Socialist," and I am acquainted with his books on Karl
Marx and Applied Socialism, both
of which I had read with pleasure.
He calls Anti-Bolshevists, his
"friends," while pro-Bolshevists, ho
calls his "opponents." Thereby
lining himself up with anti-Botshe-
vlsts or antl-Comnfunists.
In "Applied Socialism" Mr.
Spargo allies himself out and out
with the Socialist theories, as manifested In Bolshevism, and violation
of these principles and theories as
expounded ln "Applied Socialism."
Mr. Spargo has not even attempted
to show in his article, wherein
Bolshevism has violated the principle of his "Socialism," excepting
In his own erroneous interpretation of "Liberty." With this erroneous conception I will deal
later.
Mr. Spargo's one-sided partisanship manifests Itself In his statements concerning Krasin, tfi^
commissar of trade and commerce,
and the new regime that Krasin
Introduced into Soviet Russia. Mr.
Spargo, |n his book on "Applied
Socialism," states that Socialists
had no definite form of government for their new state; for they
dealt with the broad principle of
the abolition of private ownership
and private control for privato
gain. That was all they were concerned about. The manner, method and form of the,new regime
was an unknown quality.
Yet in spite of his recognition of
this fact, the entire article In Harper's U a tirade of abuse against
the Socialists of Russia, because
their form of government has certain bureaucratic elements, He
says that Krasin was not a Social
ist or a Revolutionary, but a capl
tallstfc engineer and head of a
great German firm.
Mr. Spargo omits altogether the
fact that Krasin is today an out
and out Communist, who has declared In London that Communism
Is the only solution of the world
labor problem. These interviews
of Krassin have been published in
the Manchester Guardian, and in
many other English and American
papers. These are his words; "I
a firm believer ln the princi
pies or Bolshevism, which have
put to the test and found true. I
have placed before the German
technicians the view that for pure
expediency and efficiency, it Is necessary that we should turn from
the old system to the new In order
to obtain that productively which
alone can pull humanity out of the
abyss."
What does It matter then,
whether we have bureautocratlc
management and directorate, various scales of wages or rewards for
efficiency and skill, as long as wc
have public or communal owner-
hip? But Mr. Spargo deliberately
misrepresents the entire case to the
readers of Harper's when he says
"The Bothevikl have retained power by abandoning Communist Sovietism and returning to capitalism, of a very Inferior type." Page
779. This I call a deliberate misrepresentation of the facts. The
adoption of bureaucratic elements
and mothojjp in certain particulars
does not mean the abandonment of
"Communist Sovietism.'' If the
Bolsheviki had abandoned "Communist Sovietism," thero would be
no reason for the allied countries
today to fight the Bolsheviki, and
to dread the "Red Terror."
Mr. Spargo's position on the Labor question Is inexplicable. He
sees in the subjugation of Labor to
the state, the complete and tyrannical enslavement of the workers,
and be hysterically and rhetorically exclaims (p. 784 last paragraph): "I frankly admit that I
would rather be hungry in any
capitalist nation I know of, then be
ever so well fed in such a servile
Utopia. Better rags and cftist of
bread wtlh freedom, than flne raiments and rich fare with servitude."
The implication ia that the Russian Bolsheviki workingmen are
today living In luxurious splendor,
while capitalistic nations starve
their working forces. But Mr.
Spargo would prefer to be among
the free Btarving crowd, than to be
among the enslaved luxurious tollers. Mr, Spargo's rhetoric and passion ran away with bis logic and
judgment when he wrote the above,
for he completely forgets the fact
that millions of men, women and
children are compelled to work In
capitalistic countries for starvation
wages, and their so-called freedom
to starve, if they fail to work or
flnd work Is an economic compulsion. In other words, the capitalistic toiler is compelled to starve
There must be an element of loving
under the illusion of freedom.
choice in all free decisions, but I
have yet to meet the toiler who
lovingly and rhetorically chooses
starvation In preference to healthy
labor.
But what a difference there is
between the choices of two men?
Carlyle In "Past and Present," asks
for enslavement, for chains, for any
and every possible restraint and
compulsion, if thereby he and his
countrymen, who squallor In poverty and degradation, can attain
the heights of real plenty and enlightenment and the enjoyment of
the good things of life.
Which is the nobler and most
useful animal, the wild broncho on
thc wild and rugged ranges, or f.he
team in front of the plow? If Mr.
Spargo wants to try freedom, let
him go back into the woods and
live with his ancestors in a state
of savagery, for surely the more
civilized and useful we become,
both to ourselves and society, the
greater will be our enslavement to
the great altruistic law of service
Mr. Spargo's representation of
the Agrarian problems in Russia
are also one-sided and partisan.
The land problem, like the Industrial and transportation problems,
were huge and for the time being,
concessions to the private owners
were necessary and essential.
The revolution In Russia was so
gigantic and Introduced so many
complex, civic, industrial, educational, religious and agricultural
problems that the wonder is, that
the revolutionists have been able
to hold their own and improve and
strengthen their position day after
day, and not that they have made
concessions to bureaucracy and to
capitalists and to private owners.
Revolution, however, ljo complete
does not spell perfection, but simply one more turn of the human
wheel In Its progressive evolution
towards perfection.
commercial system. It has always
been so. Jacobinism at one time,
Napoleon at another. Yet again,
the ghost of Peter the Great. Then
the terrible Kaiser. Now it is Bolshevism. Bolshevism is the enemy
Let the drums beat; let the bugles
blow! Let ua 1-9 to war! At least,
let us get ready. We will begin to
make speeches about the next war,
and his Satanic Majesty, Lenin.
Bolshevism, the new horrible
bogey man! There Is . something
supernatural about the Bolshevists,
something devilish! They overrun the whole world. They are in
China, and Japan, and America',
Ireland, and Asia and Egypt, and
Afghanistan, and India! India!
They have designs on India! Think
of that, ye Imperial British people!
The hairs on your Imperial British
heads begin to rise at the very
thought of it, By way of Persia,
these Bolsheviks are making a corridor to India. India is in danger.
Of course, we say nothing about oil.
The Anglo-Persian Oil Company
is never mentioned. But, don't you
see, the Bolsheviks are already at
the gates of India, and what freeborn scion of the Imperial race
would not proudly leave his room-
and-kltchen share of the Empire
and go forth to fight for India?
India; where the cotton comes
from, out of which we make our
lamb's-wool shirtB!    India,  where
Hhe rice doeBn't come from; not nt
east since the great war. India,
that provides us with cheap coolies to man our far-flung merchant
fleet. India, the brightest jewel In
the British crown,' Yes, I think
we must have another war. If the
dynasts, and the royal families,
and the financiers can take the
risk, 1 think the British people
can. For though theso will assuredly go down ln the whirlpool
of the next great war, tho British
people will rema^p. I think the
capitalists needn't worry about recovering their 8,000,000,000 pounds
sterling of imaginary war debts,
nor the interest on it. The next
war will cancel that. Bravo, the
militarists!
Bravo, the Militarists!
[By William Sterawt, In the Glasgow Forward]
Amongst military men the talk
Is still of war. Some of them are
writing their reminiscences of the
last war; others are forecaslng tbe
next one. They, one and all, regard war as normal, and are surprised that any one should have
been so silly as believe the politicians who said that the Great
War waa to end war. When I tay
military men, I mean the field
marshals and generals, and officer
class. The private soldier does not
talk much about war—past, present or future. The private soldier
Is not a military man. He ia a
working man In military uniform.
But the generals are all talking of
what they have done, and what
they will do, and they seem to Ter
gard it as the duty of the states--
men to provide them with a war,
And the statesmen, for their part,,
seem nothing loath. And so they
all begin to innuendo and chatter
and prattle about the next war,
and though the press seek to get
the people once more into the right
heroic frame of mind. Sir Henry
Wilson say there are thirty good-
going wars on hand, and the inference is "Why should Brittaln
stand idly by?" Why should British military men be unemployed?
These people, lt would seem, are
quite untcachable. They are unable to learn even from their own
experience. They have not learned apparently that, it is easier to
enter Into war than to emerge
from it. Nor have they learned
that war in its results confounds
all calculations. If they had learned that lesson they would not talk
so lightly about the next war.
The war that started In 1914 had
not for Its object the destruction of
the Russian empire, But thnt Is
what lt accomplished. Seven years
ago there was a Czar of Russia;
thero was a Kaiser of Germany;
there was an Emperor of Austria.
Today there is no Czar, there is no
Kaiser, there Is no Austrian Empire. War made an end of them,
of their dynasties, of the political
systems which they personified. It
is safe to say that none of the
schemers, hone of the militants,
none of the statesmen, however
pure-minded—if such there were
—who entered Into the war, visualized any of these results. Do
these British forecasters of the next
war Imagine that they and their
systems are immune? Do they
think they can play with hell-fire
and not be scorched? Do they
think they can invoke the avalanche and not be crushed? Evidently, or they would not talk so
easily and cheerily about the possibilities of war—the inevitability
of war. War nowadays Is a leap
in the dark, but lt may bc a leap
into chaos. The question ls; Will
the British people follow them
into the pit? They seem to calculate upon that, out they are not
quite sure. At least they know
that you must provide the British
people with an enemy before you
can get them to. go to war. You
must play upon their fears In order to reawaken their martial
spirit. Who, or what, Is to be the
enemy this time? Not the Kaiser,
nor German militarism. They are
both humbled ln the dust. Yet
there must be war, and there must
bo an enemy. And Io! the enemy
Is here! Bolshevism! Leninism!
This Is the new enemy of mankind,
meaning by mankind   the   British
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A FREE LECTURE ON
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE
Under the auspices of First Church of Christ, Scientist,
Vancouver, B. C, by
Mr. Paul Stark Seeley, C. S. B.
of Portland, Ore.
• - Member of The Board of Lectureship of The Mother Church
The First Church of Christ, Scientist, In Boston, Massachusetts
On Sunday Next at 3 p.m.
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546 Granville Street
Vancouver FRIDAY June 26, IMC
TWELFTH TEAR.    NO. 86
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, aft
PAGE SEVER
Hunter-
Henderson
Paints
• • OCrVICC
i—m
642-GranviUe Street-642
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Here They Am, Indexes rot Ton
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Banks
Bank of Toronto, Hastingi ft Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branchei in Vanconver, tt in B. G.
Bicycles
TisdiUls Limited  ! MS Haitingi Street Weat
I. A, Flett Haitingi 8treet Wort
Billiards
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms) ..
Boots and Shoes
.Hastingi Btreet East
Goodwin Shoe Co., —
Ingledew Shoo Store...
"K" Boot Shop	
Pierre Paris 	
Wm. Dick Ltd...
..lit Hastings Btreet East
...__ 666 Granvillo Street
 319 Hastings Street Weat
...64 Hastings Btreet West
...Hastings Streot East
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 68 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. v.  66 Hastings W.
Cafes
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street East
O. B. U. Model Cafo  ,...01 Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafe ■>■.. -■• '• Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold 4b (juigloy 646 Granville Street
Clumans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb & Stewart  309-S1B Hastings Stroet West
B. 0. Outfitting Co 34! Hastings Btreet West
Wm. Dick Ltd :83-49 Hastings Street East
Thos. Foster 4b Co., Ltd...
...514 Granville Street
J. W. Foster & Co.; Ltd  345 Hastings Strtet Wost
3. N. Harvoy Ltd. 185 Hastings Woat and Victoria, B. 0.
C. D. Bruce ill Hastings Street Wost
New York Outfitting Co.  143 Hastings Streot West
David Sponcor Ltd   Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt.  Cordova Stroot
,  Granville Stroot
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
..112 Hastings Wost
Thomas & McBain. ■■— —
Woodwards Ltd—...........	
Victor Clothes Shop —
D. K. Book   — 117 Hastings Stroot Wost
Vancouvor Co-oporatlve 41 Pendor Street Weat
Rlckson's '.:. • •• 620 Granville St.
Coal
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Dairies
Frasor Valloy Dairies. 8th Avonuo and Tukon Stroet
Dentists
Dr. Brett Anderson -»S02 Hastings West
Dr. W. J. Curry ~™. -~ ..—....-..- 301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell-.
Dr. Lowe.... —.——.
Dr. Grady.	
Britannia Beer.	
Cascade Beer..............
Fnlricia Cabaret.......
Taxi—Soft Drinks....,
Van Broi. ......	
...._ Corner Granville and Bobson Streots
 „.....Cornor Hastings and Abbott Streets
 Corner Hastings and Soymour Stroets
Drinks
„„„.......................Wostminstor Brewery Co.
.—.—.—  .Vancouvor Breweries Ltd.
. ....411 HaBtings Stroet East
 —.—it)0,' Dunsmuir Streot
- ........ .Ciders ahd wines
......
.   .Vnncouvor Drug Co...
Drugs
..Any of their six stores
.623 Hastings Street Weit
..41 Fender Street West
The Why and the Wherefore
Of the War Against Russia
Dry Gotfds
Famous Cloak A Suit Co  	
Vancouver Co-operative v..-»	
Florists
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd  48 Halting. Eait and 728 Granville Btreet
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn. Thomson & Glcgg  — „     —631 Homor Street
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co  —41 Hastingi Streot West
Ballard Furniture Store ,:*.: 1024 Main Street
Homo Furnlturo Company....-. .416 Main Stroet
Groceries
Cal-Van Markot.......................  Hastings Streot Opposite Pantages
"Slotors" (threo stores) Hastings, Granvillo aud Main Streots
Woodwards - -  Haitingi and Abbott Stroots
Sponcor' Ltd - - Hastings Streot
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Ponder Street Wost
Union Public Market 30-37 Hastings Streot West
S. T. Wallace H8 Hastings Street West
Hatters
Blurk and Whito Hat Storo >.. • .Cor. Hastingi and. Abbott Streeta
Jewelers
O. B. Allan •• 480 Granville Street
North West Mail Ordor House   616 Pendor Street West
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin _ - —(Malkln'i Best)
Musical Instruments
Mason &RIbcIi .-.- ; ...'. 738 Granville Street
Btvltzer Bros 312 Hastings Stroet West
> Novelties and Mail Order House
North Wost Mall Order House 616 Pender Street West
Overalls and Shirts
'•Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton A Co, Victoria, B. O.)
Huntor-Honderson Faint Co..
Paints
..649 Granville Stroot
Printers and Engravers
Cowan A Brookhouse -  ~-  ~-
ClellandDibblo	
....Labor Templo
..Tower Building
Railways
p. o, e , ...and the.... C. N. R.
Tailors
Tom the Tailor 624 Granville St.; 318 Hastings W.
Abrams the Tailor 614 Hastings West
Tools
J. A. Flett  Hastings Street West
Martin, Finlayson & Mather  Hastings Streot West
Theatres and Movies
Empress   Orpheum   Pantages
[By  E.  D.   Morel]
(Special  f>  The  Federated  Presl
and Foreign Affairs)
London—The war againBt the
Russian people has entered a new
photie. But it ls the same war, and
its purpose ls unchanged. It is, of
course, true that this effort to over*
throw the Russian Socialist state,
which under varying forms has persisted ever (since Russia came out
of the war after Brest-Lltvosk, ls a
capitalist war ln a completer sense
than tho great war of 1914-19 ever
was. Insofar as it is a capitalist
war, it has been narrowed down to
a war between Russian Socialism
and French and British capitalism,
now In alliance for many obvious
reasons. And yet if we try and
analyze more closely the motives
which lie behind this continued assault, directed from Paris and London, now through one agency, now
through another, against the Russian Socialist state, we are driven
to the conclusion that they respond
to differing inspiration. The fear
and hate which grip Paris aro the
fear and hato of politically and
financially corrupt social order that
refuses to assume burdens towards
the state which the same order has
elsewhere shouldered. Its dread
and detestation of Socialism, whatever Its brand and whencesoever it
may come, are, therefore, proportionately greater than ln any other
European country. Frontiers are
nothing to it. It would seek allies
against Socialist—qua Socialism—
anywhere. It is ao ready to associate itself with a Von der Golts as
with a Pllsudskl. Nowhere ln
Europe is the legislature, ths press
and publlo policy so effectively controlled by capitalism as in France.
With us in this country, other
and incomparably stronger and
more subtle forces alao come into
play. The psychology of power for
power's sake is far more developed
with us than in France. The will-
to-power; the traditions of a long
line of Imperial rulers; the casts
and class monopoly over foreign
policy which is tho spinal marrow
of tho national structure; the prodigious growth ln the materialism
and militarism of the Empire, the
war has bred among our ruling
classes—lt ls the psychology theise
things creats which feels Itsolf
threatened ln Its innermost instincts by the Russian Socialist
state. It Is not difficult to understand why.
Socialism and Empire
The advent of a great Socialist
stato ln Europe Is a solvent of Em-
Hire. Empiro—the dominion over
many nationally conscious peoples
by a single alien people—and Socialism are irreconcilable factors.
They ore mutually destructive.
Thc imperialists who presently govern the British Empire and who
contemplate the' consequences of
triumphant emergence of a groat
Socialist stato In the geographical
position of Russia-half European
half ABlattc-are not thinking n
terms of Britain when they seek   o
prevent such a c™*™™'1"",^
ara thinking In torms of the Brltlsn
Empire™ And do not let us make
^mistake of Imagining that we
are governed by Mr. Lloyd George.
We are governed by the foreign
offlce, the Indian offlce, thc war office, the committee of Imperial defense, the military and naval clubs
and Lord Northcliffe; by the great
vested imperial Interests which
move behind the scene*, whose
power is gigantic, and, as yot, barely sensed by Labor. For the nonce
Mr Winston Churchill is thoir
agent, far moro than Mr. Lloyd
Qeorge. And he is very able, entirely unscrupulous, well In with
the court; dangerously so—for tho
court, ln the long lost.
British capital has nothing to
fear from the growth to adolescence of a Russian Socialist state.
The mineral and timber resources
of Russia are within ita,exploltIng
capacity for the asking. 'IGivo me
peace," sayls Lenin, In effect, and
you can come here and develop the
country. I will givo you concee-
slons. You shall work them. You
shall profit by them." Why is this
proposal not accepted? Why does
It not govern policy here? Peade
with Russia, and on Lenin's repeatedly professed terms, opens an unlimited field for—thc fruitful investment of British capital. But If
British capital has nothing to fear,
British Imperialism has everything
to fear from the survival of Soviet
Russia. ,
The heart of the British Empire
beats ln Asia. I speak, not of the
commonwealth, but ot tho Empire.
Russia is not only half Asiatic. She
has been In contact with Asia for
centuries. She has permeated Asia,
as no other people, established in
Europo has dono. The Russian
mind knows how to reud the Asiatic mind. Picturo Russia, a Socialist state, freed from her ct.rnul
foes, flanked by a series of raoioal-
ly akin or political allied—sometimes both—lessor stolcB not in Europe only, but In Aala; slutcB enjoying full autonomy,' permeated with
Socialist   Ideas   and   precepts   and
f"
practices radiating from a centra
where education and science have
been elevated into fine arts, whero
the treasures of knowledge, tha
accumulated learning of the ages]
are thrown open to all, made accessible to the humblest citizen..
Picture Russia thus—then look at
India, Persia, Afghanistan, Burma,
under present conditions. Need,
you ask why British lmperlallsm^of
shrinks at the prospect, and fears;
fears unutterably as it scans tho
future?
The Claim to "Command" ths
Universe
The moro so as our imperialism
today la an Imperialism, whose un-'
yielding and Intolerant side tho
very magnitude of its success in the
war has tended to accentuate—
partly through the intoxication of
victory, partly through alarm arising out of ths Immensity of tho
added gains secured. It has become a militarist imperialism as lt
never was beforo. It has swung
round violently to the old Roman
conception ot Empire. Read that
speech of Field Marshal Sir Henry
Wilson the other day at the Union
Jack Club: "Except in August,
1914," he Informed hli soldier listeners, "our country and our Empire have never wanted you more."
Why? He told them ln the next
.sentence. Because, "our command
on sea, on land, and ln tho air Is
being challenged in varioui parts
of the world," Our command.
Note tho word. Wo wero horrified
at the schemes of world conquest
attributed to the Germans during
the war. Today we lay claim to
command the sea, the land, the air
—in short, the universe. By what
right? This speech is typical of
the spirit which impels our real
rulers along the Roman way—to
hold down Ireland by main force;
to dragoon Egypt. It makes possible an unpunished Amrltsar; an
attempted absorption of liabilities
in Mesopotamia, ln Palestine, at
Constantinople, In tropical Africa.
It is that spirit which sees in the
ideas which Socialist Russia represents, a deadly foe; not without
warrant.
The lards Debate
Read carefully the debate in the
Lords on May 5 last, on the relations between the committee of
Imperial defence, and the land, sea,
and air forces of tho crown. Observe the exchange of views between the noble Lords participate
ing—Haldane, Crewe, Stanhope,,
Curzon; an urbane difference om
points of detail, a common men-,
tallty on policy, the objectives ott:
tho BrltlBh Imperial state. Mario I.
the tenor of these elccutionary
courtesies. See how they are permeated by the same spirit which'
Sir Henry Wilson, the soldier, ex-<
presses more bluntly. Note their
outlook, the outlook of men bounded by the spell ot Imperial trad!
tion, whose ono pre-occupation i»
that of fashioning such military and
naval weapons as shall surround'
this ever-growing edifice with triple-
walls of steol. No loophole here
for a gradual transformation of thef
character of Empire in the direction of those innumerable pledges
with which the orations of our
public men are studied. "Our*;
Empire, "our" possessions, to be
jealously so regarded. No room
in thene calculations tor the gradual
emancipation from alien tutelage
of progressively conscious peoples.
If ever there was a time when the
work of the staff mind was necessary . . . it Is today." "Who
can tell when the sky will beoome
cloudy?" Thus Lord Haltlano, who
quotes with unction Foch's doctrine that war is "both a science
and an art." The greatest of the arts
indeed! "Two-thirds of the work of
tho —Vr staff of the navy lu, or ought
to be, work dono in peace time,"
he goes on. War Is visualized In
the recesses of that penetrating and
Intriguing brain as a permanent institution functioning continuously.
The war cabinet, declares Lord
Troewen, must form "a permanent
part of our organization. Our
armed preparedness must continue,
In spite of Leagues of Nations or
treaties, or anything -else." Precisely. As a solvent of Empiro, a
real League of Nations is only ono
one degree less dangerous than a
Russian Socialist state. For the
principles embodied In the coven-
VANCOUVER   LAND   DISTRICT
Range 1, Coast
TAKE NOTICE that nice Owen
Clark of Port Progress,
rancher, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post plantod about 40
chains S.W. ot the S.E. corner of lot
422, thenco about 30 chuina north
to lot 422, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N. to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
centent, and containing 200 acres
more or less.
RICE OWEN CLARK
Dated Juno 4th. 1920.
VANCOUVER   LAND   DISTRICT
Bangs 1, Coast
TAKE notice that Agnes Lizzie
Clark of Port Progress, storekeeper, Intends to apply for permission to purchase tho following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N. W. point of said
Bonwlck Island, about 20 chains
S. E. of S. E. corner of lot 1007,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing six
acres, more or less.
AGNES LIZZIE CLARK.
Dated June 1st, 1920
ant are Incompatible with the continued subjugation of politcally-
conscious alien peoples That Ib
why the British imperial mind is
fundamentally hostile to the creation of a real League of Nations,
and has always been. What an interesting study ia that mind in its
.tare moments dl expansion—as
when Lord Curzon boasts, speaking
the war, that; "The actual degree to which we were prepared
for all the developments that ensued, was In excess of that of even
the most able and scientific of our
foes." (Compare with the declarations of our unreadiness put up
by Mr. Lloyd George for the benefit of an Ignorant public!) get behind this flow of dignified oratory.
The smooth talk centres wholly
round Imperial responsibilities, the
next war, the engines wherewithal
to wage it—"tho modern long-
range gun, which ls even now being considered." Do we possess,
asks Lord Stanhope, "a body which
is capable of co-ordinating our policy and our armaments ?" That ls
the question. What of tho "new
bases" for our fleet? The present
ones are not those "we shall use ln
a future war," tho strength of tho
varioui nations of the world having been "entirely altered by tho
peace." Let us hunt round for our
new foe, and prepare our "Imperial
defonse" against him? America?
Japan? Socialist Russia? Our imperialists need one. Our oommand
of the Bea, land and air, Impels
one.
Why Socialist Bussia Is Anathema
To this type of mind—and lt Is
the mind which presides over our
national destinies today—a Socialist'Russia straddling across Eastern Europo into western and nor
them Asia, with its pestilent doc
trines of self-determination, its educational revolutions, its precepts
of human quality, its war upon the
institution of war and against imperialism which v keeps that institution alive, la anathema. Ths determination to stamp upon lt at all
coats is as lmplicable as that other
'determination, expressed by Lord
Birkenhead the other day, to exhaust the military resources of the
Empire rather than give away one
jot or title to Ireland's claims.. We
may yet see Gurkhas In Dublin and
Cork. Why not? Our Ally has
Negroes at Mayence and Wiesbaden. That te the spirit which drives
if'bland to suicide in another des-
'perate attempt to overthrow So-
'clillist Russia, and fills the hatches
if 'the Jolly George with munitions
!br Warsaw.
ji'then consider the affront given
M Socialist  Russia  to   the   most
erlshcd privileges and preserves
the British ruling class, embod-
$L in its foreign ofllce. The shrew-
IfiBt blow ever struck at secret diplomacy—without which a militarist Imperialism could not function
,-rrwas delivered when Lenin and
Trbtsky published the Becret treaties. The offense is as unforgivable as the revolution lt occasioned
jf)ns unprecedented. The leaven of
JtVi'at revelation still works, and
Will go on working. A Socialist
State whose diplomatic relations
with other states ore open, ia a
perpetual menace to imperialist
states—a fortiori to the greatest of
them all. The discredit Into which
Western diplomacy has fallen as
tho result of Lenin and Trotsky's
action is so profound, the dangers
to bo apprehended from the future
are so enormous for the existing
order, that the Russian wreckers of
the occult power which rules the
peoples' lives, must bo broken.
Theso are Bome of the reasons
why the strugglo against Socialist
Russia, although lt has all the appearance of a fight between capitalism and Socialism. Is, whilo in-
.clpdirig this, something far bigger.
Trench capitalism may feel Itsolf
menaced. But British Imperialism
of tho Roman type knows Its very
existence is at stake.
British Movement Is in
Favor of Co-operative
Commonwealth
London—Tho establishment of a
co-operative commonwealth was
Tor tho flrst time olllcluily declared
as tho purposo of tho British Co.
operative movement at lho Congress which took placo In Bristol*
this year, after an Interval of five
years.
Declaring that a co-operative;
commonwealth was also the ultim
ate political objectives of the La-1
bor Parly, and the ultimate Industrial objective of the trade unionB,
tho question of tho rclutlons be-1
tween tho co-operntlves and tho5
Labor Party camo up for lengthy'
discussion. Definite action on thli'
subject was postponed until next
year, while In tho meantime the'
proposed alliance will be discussed'
at district conferences.
The total membership of tho
movemont, as estimated at tho conference, wns 4,030,706, and the
the capital Is {331,925,000, with I
distributive trado-of $987,226,000.
Special undertakings for tho co-
operativo movement wero tho es.
lablishmcnt of co-operative banks
as an instrument for controlling
commercial and industrial prog,
rcss, s.nd thc recommendation that
all co-operative societies appoint
spocial education committees and
make definite grants for education-
al purposes.
An exhibition of co-oporatlvoly-
manufactured goodB was held* in
connection with the congross, which
showed that ovorythlng from "mas-
malado to motor curs" can be produced, along co-operative lines, as
well nnd cheaper than by private
employers.
Seat
First Contribution Made
for Medical Relief to
Soviet Russia
Dr. Mendelson, who ls treasurer
of the Soviet Russia medical relief
committee, has received . the following letter of thanks from L.
Martens, representative of the Russian Federal Soviet bureau in the
U. S. A.:
Soviot Buasia Medical Relief Committee,
Dr. William Mendelson, Trees,,
362 DeKalb Avenue,
New York, N. Y.
My Dear Dr. Mendelson,—
I havs received your letter of
May 27th, together with your
checks for two thousand dollars to
be applied to tht purohase ot medical supplies to be shipped to Soviet Bussia at the earliest possible
time. I beg you to accept my
warmest thanks for this contrtbu
tlon and I assure you and all those
warm-hearted American men and
women who have made the contribution possible that lt will be deeply appreciated by our people in
Russia. We managed to procure a
considerable amount of medicines
which are now being shipped to
Russia and we are collecting another shipment of the same kind.
Your contribution will be In whole
expended for such supplies without
any deduction for freight or any
other expenses.
Again thanking you and all the
memberi of your society for your
kind Interest in the relief work for
Russia, I remain,
Sincerely yours,
(Signed)    L. MARTENS,
Representative of the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic.
Since thp flrst of June another
payment of tiooo has been ad.
vanced for the purchase ot medical supplies.
Treasurer's   Financial   Statement,
April-May, 1S20, as of
May 81, 1920    -
.   Receipts—
Contributions  $1,776.37
Net proceeds  from   mass
meeting May 22, 1920...    177.42
$1,963.79
Expenditures—
Printing of circulars  $ . 250.50
Postage,   stationery,   miscellaneous   142.32
Clerical help   97.60
•Medical supplies  1,000.
$1,470.32
Balance  :...$483.47
•Note—First payment advanced
for medical supplies, May 27, 1920,
f
A MINISTRY OF
Obligations   of   Czarists
Create Deadlock in En
tent Demands
London.—The warm welcome
given by tho aovlot government to
the British labor delegation visiting Kusski ls described ln a wireless message rocelvod by the London Daily Horald, signed by Robert Williams of tho labor delegation, nnd Clifford Allen of tho Independent labor party. Tho telegram fays In part:
"Tbo delegutlon was met at
the frontier by Mdnltchancky,
prt'.slib'iit of tho Moscow labor
bounoll. Our special train waa
[bonvoyed by Red Guards and Ural
.Intense Interest and roal plensyre
«oldli'rs in plcLuresquo uniforms,
wns shown In the faces of tho sol-
idlers rind workers of tho Socialist
.« public on our arrival at the fron-
itlSr.
jttV'On our arrival in Petrograd wo
ioarned that tho workers' demonstration with bands and banners
wilted from 9 until 11 o'clock,
(but had been advised to proceed
to thoir homes and not to delay
icssentinl productivo oporatlons.
,i "Wo have Just visited tho central headquarters of tho Petrograd
■.trado unions where heads of all
■the trado unions greeted u.i cordially and Socialist and revolutionary texts had boen specially
{minted in English together with
splendid symbolical pictures and
cartoons.
"Oood will and fraternity and
comradeship surrounded us everywhero. Lsousky, a member of the
central executivo committeo of
Russian trado unions, shook us by
the hand saying: 'Wo havo seen
English shells and guns; now we
are very ploased to soe for the first
time representatives of the great
English   labor  movemont,"
Get On tho Voters' List
Tou may think that no change
can bo brought about by voting,
but at least you should uso yout-
ballot at the noxt election. The
lists aro now be!ug compiled, ami
it is up to you to get on the list
for your dlslrlcfc
New South Wales Government Deals With Vital
Questions
In allotlng the portfolios of tho
Labor Government of New South
Walos, Australia, provision was
made for the appointment of
Ministry of Motherhood. The main
duties of thia now ministry Is to
arrange spocial scientific instruction to girls of suitable age, preparing them for the great responsibilities of motherhood. Science has
demonstrated that more than half
the trials of chlldbearing may be
avoided by the application of scientific knowledge.
The Labor Government also proposes to establish maternity hospitals throughout Now South Wales,
attached to which shall be an outdoor department in every district
tto render aid prior to and during
accouchmcnt and convalescence.
The pie-mital and after-care of
mothers will be espoclally provided
for. The best aids that science and
care can bring to mothers will bo
provided free. Adequate support
and protection will be provided for
unmarried mothers prior to and
during accouchment, thus mitigating much avoidable human suffering.
Ample funds are to be placed at
the disposal of the" Ministry for
Motherhood, to test tho success of
this most important branch of ad
ministration by the natural Incrctise
in population, Infantile mortality,
and tho welfare of tho mother.
Adequate living allowance, for
widows and deserted wives left
with the care of young children Is
to bo provided, whilo the old nge
and Invalid pensions already paid
are to be supplemented in order to
meet tho Increased cost of living.
" In tho mailer of public health,
tho Stale Government of New
South Wales proposes to nationalize health activities and to arrange
that the stato by equitable taxation
shall.provide for the maintenance
of public hospitals, ltospltuls are
to bo*deeenti,nIii',ed, and Increased
In number until there is ample accommodation for all. All restrictions and obstacles upon medical
practitioners who desire to practice
their profession In tho public hospitals aro to bo removed. The
Labor Government also proposes to
instltuto dental hospitals for the
care of the people's teeth.
Tho pay and working conditions
of nurses are to be Improved and
regulated. Medical examination, to
bo followed by free treatment, Is
to bo provided for school children.
Encouragement In the practice of
medlclno will bo given by provision
and extension of bureaus, and
while doctors nnd undertakers will
not be allowed lo make exorbitant
charges In goneral prncllce. The
Labor Government also proposes to
undortuko tho sclontlflc treatment
of neurasthenia, and utilize the
best r.cleiitific treatment for the
combating of venereal diseases.
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UK1UN-IUDI   FOOTWKAS
N PAGE BlGHT
twelfth tear. no. 26    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. o.
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
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Copyright 1920 Hart Schaffner & Mux
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153  HASTINGS  WEST
The Next War to
Be a Germ War
(Continued from page 1)
manner ln which they are declared
and prophetically expounded. But,
after all, have we any right to complain If men devoted to a ruthless
(profession frankly declare themselves devil-worshippers    and  cx-
. pose, In all Hs native brutality, the
abomination of the cult of war?
Do we not rather owe them a measure of gratitude for their exposure
of what the world ls coming to "If
it meant, to fight?" War has always been violence. Modern war
ls violence reinforced by "all the
resources of civilization." There
are not limits assignable to the potential discoveries of science, and we
are told that if In the near future
we can make the atom our slave,
. It may be in the power of man, by
pulling a lever, to wipe a country
or a continent out of existence. And
Indubitably, there are men—not
Kaisers alone or fanatical doctri-
naries—who will do that very thing
"If we mean to fight." Major-
General Swept on Is quite right. If
civilized humanity does not abolish
war, war will abolish civilized humanity. That we 3hould have tolerated war all these so-called
Christian ages, allowing our international politics to be dominated
by a" heathen maxim, in spite of
the evangel of "Peace among men
of goodwill," Is a crime for which
ve are now having to make what
WHEN  HUNGRY   EAT  AT THE
* East CA***
Street
*'ast'
atonement we can. That we should
continue to do so in. face of the
warnings of men who perceive that
"playing the game" means the extermination of the vanquished and
possibly the ruin of the victors,
ought to be Incredible. Our one
hope is In the League of Nations.
In Its existing form and with its
•present powers it Is capable of doing little to stem the sanguinary
tides that are still beating about
the bases of old and new national
structures. But even as an infant
of days It lives, and will, we trust
and believe, with increasing power
gather strength and authority to
itself, to the end that the nations
may find in It a refuge from their
own weaknesses and a defence
against the recurring floods of
barbarism.
ALBERTA UNITS ARE
STEADILY GROWING
Miners of Beverly Join O. B, V.
—Coalhurst  Miners  Threaten
To Strike. ,
The miner* of Coalhurst, Alberta, threaten to strike at the first
opportunity if they are forced to
accept the agreement signed by
officials of the U. M. W. A. Word
to this effect has'been sent to the
Western Coal Operators' Association by the union. In spite of the
bill passed by the House of Commons, the Hillcrest unit intends to
carry on and collect dues. The
organizer for the Edmonton Transportation unit fs meeting with
splendid success. He ls now working on the C. N. R. and G. T. P.
lines west of Edmonton. Another
miners' unit has been formed at
Beverly. The meeting was held
by Organizer Christophers In a
school house and 56 members
were signed up.
Mass Meeting
People's Anti Vaccination and Medical Freedom Leaguo
PRINCESS THEATRE
Sunday, June 27 at 8 p. m.
Mr. H. Nowell
Gold Medal Orator
Come and sign the appeal which will go to the Lieutenant-
Governor this month
liberty for Yourself        Safety for the Child at Sohool
15%
Pay lho
Kasy Way
REDUCTION ON OUR
ENTIRE STOOK OF
High Grade Fnshionuhlc
T A1MTC1   SUITS OR
LAL»l£iO    DRESSES
MENS* SUITS
on thc tatost Models and
BOTS' SUITS AND GIRLS' DRESSES
Don't delay—but take advantage of tliis genuine price reduction—all goods are our regular
high-grade stock—nnd are very good value at
their former prices.
Sir  George Paish  Sees
Chaos Brought by Present Policies
New York City.—Sir Georgo
PaiBh, one of the best known men
In international finance, who has
served England on financial missions to America in several important crises, is the latest to denounce the policies agreed, on by"
the peace council and pursued
since that time.
None of the European labor or
Socialist leaders engaged In fighting Imperialism in their respective
nations have denounced it.in more
open terms than does Paish in a
current number of a London magazine, Ways and Means.
"Nations, capitalists and working forces are vying with each
other,' says Paish, "in their effort
to secure individual advantage and
are bringing the world to ruin,
"Until now I have, from time to
time, directed attention to the economic and financial situation In
confident expectation that the
dangers could and would be averted when those in power became
aware of their existence. Never
was there greater heed of a liberal
policy of international co-operation, b.ut probably never were the
individual nations more inteHt upon
pursuing their own narrow interests regardless of the disaster which
such policy at this time must entail.
Imperialism Destroys.
"Notwithstanding the suffering
of war brought about by the intention of the central powers to promote their own narrow interests;
regardless of the inevitable injury
which they would commit against
humanity nnd themselves, the victorious powers are now pursuing a
similar policy which must entail an
even greater degree of suffering
not only upon the central powers
but upon themselves as well.
"Never was it so necessary for
the powers to seek their own good
by promoting general good and
never were they less willing to
do so.
"So far as It ls possible to come
to definite conclusions the course
thc nations are pursuing threatens
to bring about almost complete
paralysis of trade and commerce
within the next few months. 1
can not now see any possible
method of preventing the franc
from falling as far or nearly as far
as the mark, while depreciation of
the lire may be nearly as great,
Nor can 1 discover any step likely
to be taken until after the mischief has been done, which can
prevent the pound from falling
from Hs present level of under
$4 to $3 or even lower.
New   Spirit   Needed.
"The nations, one after the other,
are fulling Into the abyss of poverty and privation created by thc
war and by the nature of the peace.
"If the people are to- be preserved from starvation and civilization from destruction, not a moment must now be lost In mnking
the people aware of their great
danger and In assisting them to
co-operate. In order to overcome
lt the world must be animated by
a new spirit or perish."
Paterson, N. J,—Speculation by
"cockroach companies" in the silk
industry Is playing havoc with thousands of Paterson workers, most of
whom aro at the moment suffering
unemployment, reduced working
hours, or curtailed piece-rates. Of
the approximately 30,000 silk workers in the Paterson region, seven
or eight thousand are out of work
altogether, and 15,000 more are
employed for only three or four
days u week.
New York.—Organization of the
shirt workers of the United States
and Canada Is to be undertaken on
an extensive scnle by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America, according to nn announcement by ihe international
office of the union In New York
city. It Is planned to reach more
than 50,000 unorganized shirt
workers through literature and
mass meetings during the next 8
months.
FRIDAYl.:*.....;.........june _W, 19l<
Miners Organizer Shows
Great Concern  Over
Employers'Interests
[By J. A. Moir]
On Thursday evening, June 10,
Silverton was favoured by a visit
from H. S. McCluskey, International Board member of I. U. of
Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers,
together with Ben Goggins, Italiun
organizer, and Andy Shilland, the
New Denver Sphinx.
The members of the O. B. U.
had' no knowledge of the great
raid until about 5 o'clock p.m.
on the day of the 10th, when they
posted the notice inviting the public to attend. It read: "H. s.
McCluskey will speak on the
'Social and Induetrial Crisis' and
will also have something to say
concerning the One Big Union.'
The meeting waB called for 7:30,
but after waiting until 8:30, and no
one showing up except some seven
or eight of their own supporters
the majority of whom are at present engaged ln Scabbing in the
Bosun mine. Mr. McCluskey was
Interviewed by Comrades Dewar
and Moir, who asked lf any member of the O. B. U. would be allowed the platform In defence of the
O. B. U„ or whether they would be
allowed to discuss the issue at all.
This request was met by a refusal. MHe didnt see that any benefit could be derived by a discussion." Our comrades said If that
wag his stand, all O. B, U. men
would abstain from going to the
meeting. When, however, the
great meeting was about to become
a frost, Ben Goggin came to Comrade Moir and stated that they
were unable to find the -. keys of
their hall (which statement we
have since learned was a deliberate lie), and asked for the use of
the O. B. U. hall, and stated that
McCluskey would be willing to
grant the O. B. U. a limited time
to reply to his speech. After some
discussion the following arrange*
ments were arrived at: McCluskey
to open the meeting by speaking
on the "Social and Industrial
Crisis" for 30 minutes, then debate
Internatioiflil vs, O, B. U. for,one
hour and McCluskey to have 10
minutes for rebuttal speech.
Facing a Crisis
In his opening remarks McCluskey informed us that we were facing a crisis never known before,
the time had arrived when great
caution must be exercised and re
peated Ume after time that the
workers must use discretion In
making demands on their employers lest we force the small employer out of business and into the
ranks of labor and beseeched us
with throbbing voice to not make
demands upon the large corporations that could not be met by.the
smaller and less fortunate employ*
ers. In otrfer words, he urged
upon us the necessity of using the
power of organized labor to restrict our demands; the reason
given for this was world-wide competition seeking world-wide markets, with an influx of hundreds of
thousands of Mexicans and millions
of Japs, which he declared was beyond the power of the great American Federation of Labor to prevent.
We were led to believe that Mr.
McCluskey was the Moses sent to
lead us out of the wilderness, but
after listening to this slop for 30
minutes we were forced to the conclusion that f,he Amesican Federation of Labor were deeper in the
wilderne&s than we ever dreamed it
possible for them to be.
Goes After J. W. W.
McCluskey began the debate
with a strong denunciation of the
I. W. W.; he succeeded In working
himself Into a terrible state of
"emotional hysteria," condemning
the actions of the I. W. W. from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and
wound up by saying that the I. W.
W. and the O. B. U. were Menl leal.
His whole speech being one long
tirade against the wobblies, neither
the International or the O. B. U.
were mentioned except in his closing sentences.
Comrade-H. Dlmock then took
the platform. He opened by saying he had no apologies to make
for belonging to the O. B. U.; he
emphatically denied any connection with the I. W. W,; but did
malntuln that the reactionary
methods and policy of the A. F. of
L. were in a great measure responsible for the birth of the I. W. W.
He informed McCluskey that he
had taken up his whole time ln
barking up the wrong tree. He
asked why the I. U. of Mine, Mill
and Smelter Workers had spent
more money organizing in the Slocan In the last three weeks than
had been spent during the fifteen
years prior to  1020?
Our comrade gave an interesting outline of the policy of and
past actions of the International
executive. Particularly the methods used in ordering the men back
to work in Trail in 1916; figures
prove the breaking of this striko
by the said executive was worth
approximately $50,000 to the Consolidated Company, which proves
conclusively that the officers of
the I. U. of M. M and S. W. should
have been drawing their salaries
from the employers Instead of the
labor movement.
Comrade Dlmock stated that he
had been connected with the labor
movement for many years, but this
was the first time he had witnessed
tho placing of the Union Label on
Scabbery; It was also the first
time he ever saw union officials
acting as employing agents tor employers ln securing strikebreakers.
Tom Roberts, the BAD MAN of
the Slocan, then took the platform
amid great applause ahd for 20
minutes scored point after point
with telling effect. He completely
took the feet from under McClus-
key's argument regarding the identity of the O. B. U. with the I. W.
W. when he told how an O. B. U.
member -had been arrested ln the
United States and tried and acquitted, the court deciding that the
O, B. U. was perfectly legal, and
had no connection with the I,
W. W.
He showed the dishonesty of the
International executive by referring to the assessment of $2 per
year, which went into effect in
1915 for the specific purpose of
creating a strike fund. It was
never set aside for said purpose,
being used Instead to meet the increased -salaries and expenses of
the Moyer Machine.
Was Made Organizer
He stated that in 1916 McCluskey was then a rank and file member and was the leader in the fight
along with George Powell against
the Moyer Machine, but later he
was made an organizer by Moyer
and from that time became an ardent supporter of the machine,
Tom informed the meeting that he
was not concerned about the few
scabs that had been induced to
sign up with the International, as
the O. B. U. had no place for men
of that type. Then pointing his
finger at one Bert Hilton, he asserted he had worn his doorstep
out In trying to get him to join up,
but now since the mine owners
had adopted the International, we
find tlie said Bert Hilton an active organizer of the coffin club;
again pointing his finger In scorn
at Hendry Pendry, he declared he
would never Join any union, but
today we find both their signatures
to the so-called agreement between
the mine operators and the International.
Our redoubtable secretary was
just starting into an exposition of
the real aims and objects of the
O. B. U. when, sad to relate, Chairman Mr. Tiiidnl brought the hammer down.
McCluskey in his closing speech,
secmd to have lost all the "emotional hysteria" of his previous
address, nor did his arms help to
keep the air cool with any fanlike movements, that endangered
at times, In his first speech, some
of the O. B. U. furniture, neither
did his face get contorted like-some
pictures I have seen of Mutt and
Jeff; rather did it resemble Father McDuff's face when he' heard
that hts wife had bought a $100
hat. He spent his ten minutes in
simply trying to evade any and
every Issue put up by Comrades
Dlmock and Roberts.
Thus closed the great evening,
and whether McCluskey Is a wiser
man or not, this much we do know,
that he is today less sure of his
MOSAIC ability to lead us back
into the Slough of Despand.
Be sure to notify the post ofllce
as soon as you change your address.
Put  a  one-cent stamp  on   this
paper and mall It to a friend.
BLUE SERGES
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514 GRANVILLE ST.
Financial   Statement   Is
Sign of Steady
Progress
There docs not appear to be any
break In the steady growth of the
General Workers Unit of the O. B.
U. in Vancouver, 'At the regular
-meeting held on Wednesday night,
ten more members were admitted.
A communication was received
from the Bricklayers Unit, Edmonton, which stated that at least 80
per cent, of the Edmonton Bricklayers were members of the O. B.
U„ and this in Alf. Farmitlo's
stronghold. A communication
from the O. B. U. Bulletin was received, attking for subscriptions. It
was decided that as the unit was
taking 50 copies at the present
time, that the letter should be
placed on the notice board for the
Information of the members.
An appeal from the Socialist
Party of Canada for funds for the
Manitoba Provincial election campaign was received, and the bum
of $10 was ordered sent to this organization at Winnipeg.
The appeal for medical aid for
Soviet Russia was ordered placed
on the notice board, the members
taking the position that this fund
was one that should be supported
by the Individual members. During the debate on this question,
the position of Soviet Russia, as a
result of the blockade, was fully
discussed.
The financial statement of the
secretary-treasurer showed a good
balance and all liabilities covered.
The final report of the entertainment committee In connection with
the dance and smoker, will be made
next meeting, the progress report
showing that close to $200 were
made out of the two social functions. The picnic committee Is to
meet tonight (Friday), to consider
a suitable date for a picnic.
The defense committee reported
on the work of that committee'',
pointing out that the Welsh miners
had made a donation of two nun
dred guineas.
The organization committee, re
porting on its activtes, stated that
the matter of the organzaton of
the Ukrainians was being looked
after, but as there wais a difference
of opinion amongst them aB to the
advisability of having a sepcrate
unit, they were to hold a meeting
to decide this point.
The nomination of officers for
the next six months was the lout
order of business, and contests look
certain for every office, bu t the
nominations do not close until the
fli'st meeting in July, when the
elections will take place.
How Lira Arc Mado'
A Swiss newspaper relates the
following interesting episode:
When O'Grady met Lltvinov at
Copenhagen, he reproached thc
latter with some atrocities alleged
to have been committed in a certain town. Hnving heard nothing
about these atrocities Lltvinov
asked O'Grady for his source of
Information, whereupon- he wus
shown a copy of the Izvestla (Bolshevik official organ) in which
the atrocities were described in
black and white.- Naturally, Lltvinov was astounded, the more so
as at the time when the atrocities
were supposed to have been committed, he wns In that very district,
and yet had heard nothing of
them. He then mude further enquiries on the subject in Moscow,
and sought and found amongst his
materials tho number of the Izvestla in question—but no mention of
the atrocities could be found In lt.
The solution was found by comparing his own with OGrady's
copy of the Izvestla, and It was
found that O'Grady's copy was
one pubjjshed by General Denekln.
Leading articles, whole pages, were
simply reprinted from the real Izvestla, and the name, appearance,
and whole form of paper was almost, a facsimile of the Bolshevik
paper. At the same time various
items purporting to be ordinary
news damaging.to the Bolsheviks
were suuggled In—the whole being
passed off abroad as the Bolshevik
Izvestla! Clever! What?—Volk-
srecht, Zurich, Switzerland.
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BRITISH LABORERS
UNION MILLION STRONG
Moscow—At the conference of
the third International, held in
Moscow on May %, Bukharln,
Radek and Zinovleff were named as
the committee to decide the question of admittance to the Communist In ternatlonal. The conference
also decided ln favor of parliamentary action in so far as it serves
the. propagation of the revolutionary spirit.
Moscow — Arrangements havo
been made to dispatch five oil
tr&lns daily to Moscow. The Socond Labor army has started the
construction of a railroad from
Saratoff to Emba for the oil trade.
London—A new scheme of
working class education has been
worked out by the Confederation of
Iron and Steel Trades. Arrangements have been made with the
Workers' Educational Trade Union
committee for the establishment of
week-end schools for members of
the union. Trade union problems
will be studied chiefly.
Abo, Finland—Characteristic of
the present "white rule" of Finland
is the decision of the Abo supreme
court In a case of two working men.
These men had in their possession
revolu tlo'nary literature," and
were accused of distributing it.
Both were sentenced to 1 % years
prison terms and to loss of citizenship rights for four and six years
respectively.
Dublin—When two vessels bringing war supplies to British troops
in Ireland were due in port here,
transport workers announced their
decision to refuse to unload them.
British dockers have telegraphed
their resolution to refuse to load
similar vessels In England.
Mar toff, a Menshevlk leader,
announced in the last meeting of
the Moscow Soviet, that the Russian Social Democratic Party
(Menshoviki) has withdrawn from
the Second Internationale. The
Council of People's Commissars
has appointed a commission of five
to make detailed preparations for
establishing an independent Tartaric Soviet Republic.
Amalgamation     of    Three     Big
Unions   of   General   Workere
Is Settled.
The quinquennial delegate assembly of the National Amalgamated Union of Labor sitting in
Belfast carried unanimously the
resolution In favor of amalgamation wjth the .Workers' Union, the
Municipal Employees' Association,
and the National Union of General
Workers.
The combination would have a
membership of close on one million members. Negotiations to this
end have been conducted by the respective executives for some time,
and already a working agreement
between them ls in operation.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers in renewing
their subscriptions arc sending In
the old price. Tbe new rates aro
aa follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. United
States, Sit.00 per yeur. if subscribers will sec that tbey send ln thc
proper amount lt will aid us and
also avoid confusion.
First Annual
CO-OP
PICNIC
Thursday
July 1st
On the Recreation grounds
behind the Pavillion in
Stanley Park
Tables have been reserved
and members and their,
friends are urged to be on
hand by 12 o'clock.
All kinds of sports and
valuable prizes in the afternoon.
SEATTLE HAS A
FREE SPEECH PARI
Workers Have to Purchase Purl
In   Order  to  Express
Themselves.
By the Federated Press)
Seattle—Frequently balked li
their attempts to secure free speed
fn Seattle, progressives of this ell:
have obtained fifty acres of lane
just outside the city limits wlthii
an arm of the Duwamish river ani
there weekly platform fests, sports
games and dancing are held.
The People's Park Is the nam.
of the natural forum, which bai
been dedicated to the cause of thi
workers.
Workers bring their famllle.
eat lunch on the gross, sing work;
Ing class songs and dance In thi
pavilion before returning to thi
city for another hard week on th<
Job. ,
The People's Park AssCclatloi
financed the project by Bellini
Bhares of $5 each to free speed
enthusiasts.
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It Is up to you to sup
port them.
'ITSEAS^
TO PAY
.OUR WAY/
t,'
Furnish
—ox—
Credit
You can buy from us the
best in anything pertaining to
furnishing the home—stoves,
Ranges, Carpets, Beds, Bedding, Tables, Chairs, Buffets,
Linoleum, etc., etc., etc., on
TERMS SO EASY that you
are enabled to furnish complete without any strain on
your earnings.
Come See Our Stock!
-JTH&-
FURNITURE CO.
416 Main St
Opposite City Hall
CAL-VAN
High cost of living can be reduced by making your purchases
here.
THE MARKET
that supplies direct frorii Producer to Consumer
Tost our prices and qua'ity for yourself
All Cars Pahs Cal-Van
Opposite Pantages
Bruce Gives
20 Per Cent.
Off
Bruce puts his whole stock of suits
out a a straight cut of twenty per
cent, ofl! the regular prices.
 I    There arc no holdouts—every suit
goes.
It means that a suit selling at $40 is now $32.00, and
so on through all the stock. •   ?
You know Bruce's Suits—they're priced fairly in the
regular way.   Now they're 20 per cent." -Ipsa.
C. ©.Bruce
A Slorc for All Men
COR. HOMES AMD HASTINGS STS.
VANCOUVER, 5. 0.

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