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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 30, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Wall   Street   Explosion
Mystery Not Yet
Warsaw Dispatch of All
Round Crook May Be
All Bunk
By Harry Godfrey
((Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
,   <New Tork Bureau)
Kew Tork.—The mystery of the
' Wall Street explosion of September, 1920, haa not yet been cleared
■p by the  alleged  confession  of
Wolf Lindenfeld, labor spy. police
•tool-pigeon, check-forger aad all-
round "double-crosser." That gentleman, whose 10,000 word "concession" In Warsaw was to have
Fdlsclosed the   whole   "plot"   and
" proved It to the work of the Third
Internationale,   for   some' reason j
best   known   to   himself   or   to
William J. Burns, has not yet produced a document which the latter
gentleman cares to make public.
TSTfactTWilliam J. Burns, chief
of the department of Investigation
Of   the   Department   of   Justice,
much-touted master-detective  and
■uperb-sleuth, within a few short
hours has decidod that Lindenfeld
—a Burns agent both before and
after the explosion—perhaps, perhaps—but it would be cruel to in
trade upon the possible reflections
bt the great Burns who only a few
days ago was Jubilantly telling the
World how he, Burns, had tracked
I flown   the   "radicals"   who   com
RUtted the WaU Street outrage-
Tripped Himself
Burns seems to have spun so flne
nd intricate a net that he tripped
and fell himself Into lt.   The sud
don    silence   In   Warsaw—unless
appearances are very mlsleadlng-
would seem to Indicate that the
Shifty Lindenfeld has been "spoof-
hg"   the   credulous   Mr.   Burns,
Whose eagerness to charge the explosion to the Third Internationale
haa been the most marked feature
af hts whole conduct of the case.
Burns' enthusiasm for the Lindenfeld "confession" has dwindled
to the point that he rather testily
declared that the Warsaw dispatch
endttlng  Lindenfeld with  having
ttmed  the  man who  engineered
the    explosions,    was    probably
Consider:   Right after the first
dispatch from Warsaw telling of
linden f eld's    arrest    and    "confession," Burns exultantly declared
that bis agency had known for a
long time who made the "bomb,"
i hauled lt to Wall Street, and
{ bow "payment"  for the job had
| been made.   Right after that dispatch arrived, Burns said:   "Four
days ago we knew the whereabouts
I af everyone concerned."
Four days   before   the   United
| Rates Department of Justice, with
thousands of agents, and the
I treat "Burns International Detective Agency" knew where all the
"guilty" men were.    Now, In the
) of a few days, ln Burns' own
"We do not know whether
persons   are   in   the   same
| places or not!"
He did not explain how and why
Ithe Department of Justice agents
•nd the Burns detective happened!
lust at that particular time, suddenly to turn their eyes away from
these suspected men.
Such, then, as this Is.written, Is
Ithe   "complete   solution"   of  the
■fall Street explosion.
Makea Admission
The man who, the day the flrst
Warsaw dispatch was published,
■aid "There Isn't a doubt ln the
world that Ltndenfeld's statement
•tears the whole thing up," now
admits that three days later he
had not heard directly from War-
that he knew nothing about
feow matters stood over there except what he read ln the newspapers, and that he actually knew
■othlng moro about Llndciifeld's
atatement than any other person
Who read the newspapers.
) now Burns says that the guil-
\%y men will be caught "eventually."
Charles  Recht,  counsel  In the
I United States for L.  C.  Martens,
former Russian trade envoy here,
styled the whole Lindenfeld yam
I probably a "frameup" to create
I and   Intensify    distrust    of    the
Bussian Government and Its lead-
i among American business men
who are on the verge of entering
|lnto Important Russian contracts.
"It Is even likely," Recht added,
(that thla Is being done ln the interest  of   the   business  rivals  of
i concerns who have been un-
IHiccesBfui   In   seeking  the   same
New Committee Elected
by Unemployed to Or<
ganize Conference
Despite the fact that Sunday last
was Christmas day, the meeting at
unemployed and employed workerB
in the Pender HaU was Well attended. Many matters were discussed, and even the Salvation
Army, which "keeps the pot boiling" at this season of the year,
came ln for some criticism, when
a letter was read, which Btated
that the Salvation Army hostels
were not all they should be, and
the writer expressed his opinion of
the organization as a whole as being a well organised charity and
not free from money-making propensities.
After the committee had reported, it was moved that a new committee be appointed, as the old one
was not up to the work. This motion carried and a new committee
was elected.
The committee appointed to look
after cases of distress reported that
several cases had been attended to,
and that It was expected that they
would be cared for.
The new committee was Instructed to see that atl workers' organizations in the city were acquainted
with the fact that there was an unemployed problem tn the city, with
the ultimate object of holding an
unemployed conference In the city,
and the unemployed themselves
decide what should be done.
It was reported that the sum of
$1082 had been collected by the
taggers on Saturday for the kiddies'
Christmas tree and entertainment,
and this report caused quite a discussion on the attitude of the worker when seeking to relieve his condition, and it was pointed out by a
woman, that the children of the
workers were taught from their
early, when they kneeled at their
mother's knee to beg, and they continued to do it in after life.*
An appeal for assistance at the
kiddies' entertainment on Thursday
night was made before the final
business of the meeting, which was
the setting of a date for the next
meeting was decided, the date set,
being for Sunday, January 1.
U. S. Capitalists Are Brutal,   Positive  and
Socialist Party Had Good
Meeting Christmas
The idea of holding a Socialist
propaganda meeting on Christmas
Day would find Uttle favor even
amongst the most enthusiastic
notaries of the revolutionary cult.
By circumstance, ^however, last
Sunday, tho Socialist Party of
Canada became ultra-enthusiastic,
and the uaual meeting was held at
the Royal, and furthermore it was
a success. The speaker of the evening, J. D. Harrington, in the course
of an exceptionally bright address,
dealt with the Festival of the
Nativity, drawing comparisons between the ancient an.d the modern
version and usage. Throughout thc
address the audience showed deep
Interest and there is no doubt that
the effort made by the speaker to
awaken and sharpen the mind of
his hearers to the possibilities
awaiting an enlightened working
class, was deeply appreciated. Next
Sunday- the speakers will be R,
Kirk and T. O'Connor and It Ib
hoped that all the Party members
and supporters- will be present at
this, the first propaganda meeting
of the New Tear.
Foreign   Policy
Friction Between Britain and Japan
(By the Federated Press)
Paris—French opinion on American world policy ls a mixture of
fear for the future of French rejoicing that Britlah Imperialism Is
losing its masteryyof the world.
In the review Monde Nouveau
(New World), Claude Berton has
written a documented study of American development and objectives
which concludes with the note that
the popular slogan, America First,
really means domination of the entire world by American capitalism.
Berton names the men in charge
of affairs at Washington, particularly Root, Hughes, Fall, Roosevelt, Davis and Hoover, and indicates the financial and Industrial
affiliations of each one and of the
Republican Party.
"Their spirit is that of business
men," he declares, "brutal, positive,
methodical, obstinate, marching
straight to their goal which Is the
economio mastery of the world.
They are the ultimate incarnation
of capitalism."
Marcel Cachin, in the radical
daily L'Humanite, deals with the
effect of American aims on Great
Britain. 'The war," he says, "Immensely accelerated the development of America while tt weakened Qreat Britain, crushed Qermany
and made the United States the arbiter of the capitalist world. Aided
by the most perfect industrial
plants in the world, it can flood the
markets of the earth with unlimited manufactured goods.
"Its banks that have cornered all
the gold and count every nation
among its debtors. It is gradually
taking away from England and
Europo the commerce of South
America, of the Pacific, of the
Dutch East Indies. It is about to
create a banking consortium ln
China that will be the most stupendous financial organization in the
world and will serve as a base for
economic conquests ln China on a
grand style at the expense of Japan
and England.
"Everywhere American foreign
policy causes friction with England
or Japan, allies of twenty years'
Btanding. Everywhere the Americans are confident of victory. The
British supremacy of the seas is
slipping away. We are in a period
where power is shifting from one
master to another."
A Job for 1922
THE appeal made last week for $6000 by March 1 hai
very- evidently not been in vain. On Tuesday morning a number of workers came to the office of the Federationist and asked how they coqjd help, They were given
information as to the securing of new subscribers, and
made good use of it, for they went out and got them, and
on Wednesday morning turned in the first batch.
No working-class publication can exist in these days, if
it carries real working-class news and propaganda, unless {he workers organise to support it. The employing
elass is organised to preserve its interests. The working
"class must do the same. The work of getting out and
financing a paper devoted to the interests of the workers
is too big a job for one man, or even a group; it must be
fhe work of all the class-conscious workers. It is their
paper, published in their interests, and cannot stand up
againt the attacks of an organized employing class unless
it has the support of the workers.
The new year is very near. .Can we look to you to support us during the days to come? Can we expect your
support? Will you induce another worker to subscribe,
and can you help us by a donation? These are questions
which must be answered in the affirmative if the Federationist is to survive? It is up to you.
Suggested That Gift of
IL S. May Result
in Trade
Not Satisfied
In spite of the fact taht last Saturday was Christmas eve, the
North Vancouver unemployed held
their weekly meeting. The reply
of the City Council to the demands
made on the 20th plainly showed
that it was expected that the offer
of another five cents per hour was
considered as being all that was
necessary to get rid of the unemployed, and keep them from bothering the city fathers.
Those present did not, however,
see It In this light, and decided to
again make their demands of work
at full time or full maintenance,
The relief committee reported
that good work was being done but
more help was needed.
Workers Council
The local Russian relief committee is now ready to receive donations of food, medicines and clothing for sending to Russia. All
clothes must be washed and mended. Leave all donations care Mrs,
Sutherland, 804 Pender street west,
or phone Sey. 291, and parcels will
be called for. The local committee
has sent to headquarters at Winnipeg, $2405.87, and has now a balance on hand of $316.
C. N. V. X. to Meet
A special meeting of the C.
U. X. bas been called for this after.
noon (Friday) at 2:30, In the hall
at 61 Cordova street west. All
members are urged to attend, as
thiB meeting is of special Importance to the organization.
A Mass Meeting
Of the Unemployed and Employed Workers
At 2 p.m.
China's Demands Cause
Hughes Some
(By The Federated Press)
•    (Washington Bureau)
Washington.—China's timorous
delegates at the conference, observing the fall of their cabinet at
home, have bluntly told the diplomats of the powers that unless the
Japanese loot based on the twenty-
one demands is promptly handed
back the pious declarations of the
conference as to China "will be.
merely scraps of paper."
China Is a member of the conference. I
Britain Is a member of the con-1
fere nee, too.
Britain, wishing to drum up
public sentiment against submarines, demands an open session for
discussion of that subject.
Holland, wishing to have submarines to protect her oil fields in
Borneo against seizure by Japan,
wants to take part in that debate.
Secretary Hughes, as chairman,
tells Holland that as she is not one
of the Big Five Powers she cannot
be heard on submarines,
Chairman Hughes knows that if
he gives the British an open
session on submarines he will find
it difficult to refuse the Chinese
an open session for discussion of
the twenty-one demands and tbe
rest of the scandal of the Anglo-
Japanese treatment of China.
In order to maintain harmony,
Chairman Hughes may choke
down the British request for an
open debate, thereby permitting
himself to choke down China, and
justifying his choking of Holland.
During last year 450,000,000 has
been paid out in Great Britain in
the shape of unemployed insurance.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the ofllce and get
U. S. Congressmen Show
Peculiar Attitudes to
Soviet Russia
(By Laurence Todd)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington—It was Russian famine day at the House.
The foreign affairs committee, In
executive session, had agreed to report favorably the $20,000,000 appropriation asked by Secretary
Hoover for the immediate shipment of corn and of seed wheat to
Russia. The rules committee met
to agree upon a special rule to expedite its passage.
"The doctors have been Instructed to feed only thc children that
have a chance to survive," said a
spokesman for Hoover.
"Terrible, terrible!" commented
Chairman Campbell and Representative tKrleder of Pennsylvania
echoed, "Pretty rough."
"Why did the President recommend only the sending of 10,000,-
000 bushels of grain, while now
you wnnt $20,000,000?" asked a
committee member.
"Because the President acted on
information which was earlier than
that now at Mr. Hoover's disposal.
Governor Goodrich of Indiana and
Vernon Kellogg hnve just returned
from extensive investigations in the
famine regions, nnd they urge the
larger appropriation."
"Why not give them more?"
"Because the grain must be shipped in over two railroads—one running from Riga on the Baltic, and
the other from Novrossisk on the
Black Sea. Those railroads' utmost
capacity is 100,000 tons a month,
and this appropriation will keep
them loaded for tho entire period
of the famine."
The expert then cannlly suggested that Russians are learning to
eat American corn, and that this
famine gift may stimulate future
American trade. The corn will be
bought from American elevators at
a very low price. Some of the
dealers will handle it without profit
or charge for their services. It will
be delivered to tho village mills in
Russia, where it will be ground,
and the products will be distributed
to the famine victims.
'I never favored any of these
gifts, but they're starving and I'll
vote for this," said Riordan of New
Tork, uncomfortably twisting his
hat. "But I'm totally opposed to
their government and all they stand
"So am I," responded Campbell
of Kansas. "And if it weren't for
that government of Bolsheviks this
awful famine would never have occurred."
"Well, of course, that fs to say
the drouth would not have been
avoided, but better meusures would
have been possible to deal with Its
effects," put fn the expert hastily.
'•They would have had the
drouth, but they would have been
able to furnish relief from their
own vast country," Campbell
"Seems as though fn all that
rich territory they could have got
enough to feed them," put in Schall
of Minnesota.
"They paralyzed transportation
and production," added the expert.
"The Soviet government seized a
great share of their grain in 1920
arid discouraged production on the
land. The grain was givon to the
Red army."
"Without compensation of any
sort," Campbell remarked, as
though challenging anyone present
to dispute him.
All hands pondered deeply when
Garrett of Tennessee suggested that
the Bolsheviks would be glad to
try to tear down the government
of the United States in return for
this food.
Mr. Hoover's , advocate offered;
(Continued on page 3) ,
Plans Laid for Resump-
! tion of Trade by U. S.
National   _____
Eastern Russia
Contracts Do Not Contain Any Contingent
(By The Federated Press)
(New York Bureau)
New Tork.—"Certain contracts
already obtained with the Russian
Soviet Government," says the New
York World, have been financed,
and "plans laid for a resumption
of commercial relations between
the United States and Russia," at
a meeting behind closed doors of
representatives of many of the
largest business houses ln America. The meeting, held in the Commodore Hotel, the World declares,
placed within tho grasp of American business interests "a rich
slice of the prospective trade with
Russia which the financial centers
of the world have been looking to
for the last two years."
The list of the firms represented
at this gathering reads like a random selection from the financial
and business houses which domln
ate Industry in this country. It
Includes Henry Clews & Co., the
United States Food Products Corporation, a $100,000,000 concern;
Sunnoborn & Sons, the largest
American oil Importers; the Allied
Drug & Chemical Corporation;
Manning St ires, attorney; Schapiro
& Schapiro, auditors for Henry
Ford; the Equity Steamship Com<
pany; the La Porte Food Products
Corporation of Montreal, representing Canadian capital which
will operate through American
Doctor Makes Contracts
The contracts said to have been
taken up were obtained with the
Russian government by Dr. Armand Hammer, an American just returned from Russia. Dr. Hammer
refust* to discuss the matter further than to say that plans were
well under way for financing huge
concessions ln Russia.
Private conferences have been of
dally occurenco between the persons who attended the Commodore Hotel meeting, it Is said, with
the result that a now bank is being organized, backed by the nr
tcrests represented, for the sole
purposo of financing these contracts. *
A significant feature of the two
contracts snld to have been closod
by Dr. Hammer with the Russian
government is that they are the
first ones of the sort which have
been closod which contain no
clause making them contingent
upon recognition of the Russian
Government by the United States.
Asbestos Concession
One of tho contracts is said to
provide for the occupation of an
asbestos mine in the Alobiievsky
district of tho Ural Mountains,
north of Ekaterinburg. It is to run
for twenty years, and the Russian
Government is to receive 10 per
cont. of tho output, or Its valuo ln
foreign currency. It provides that
thc corporation (in this case tho
Allied Drug and Chemical Corporation, a New York concern) receives no territorial rights, agrees
to settle all differences in tho
Russian courts, and further agrees
to fulfill all Russian Government
regulations respecting labor. Another provision is that 60 per cont
of those employed in operating the
mines must be Russians.
Japs Build Fortifications
in   Eastern
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—How Japanese
militarism ls strangling Siberia, at
tho moment when America, France
and Britain are joining Japan In
the four-power treaty for the
keeping of "peace" In the Pacific,
ls told by the Assembly of the For
Eastern Republic, in ft cabled
appeal to the conference, made
public here by the special trade
delegation of that republic. It tells
of the recent offensive begun by
the Semenov, Mekulov and Kappel
bandits, supported by the Japanese
Imperial forces ln the Maritime
"The National Assembly," says
the message, "whtch was elected
by the entire population of the
Russian Far East and which is
vested with, full power, ls compelled once more to lodge a decisive protest against Japanese
aggression in the Russian Far
East. This nggressfon has
aroused the extreme indlgation of
the Assembly.
Japanese Atrocities
'It ls now the fourth year that
foreign troops have invaded the
Russian Far East. The Japanese
sword is suppressing the life of the
Russian people. We, the selected
representatives of the Russian Far,
East, from the provinces of Marl-|
time, Saghallen, Priarmur, Amur,
Transbaikal, and Pribaekal, remember very well all stages of the
Japanese intervention; all the
atrocities committed by the Japanese against the Russiun people in
the Far East. All the members of
the National Assembly are ready to
testify to the Japanese endeavors
to strengthen and continue their
Intervention by falsehoods, deceits
and atrocities. They are aiming to
seize our territory and turn It into
a Japanese colony. We have in our
possession a great number of
documents regarding the Japanese
scheme to seize our territory.
"Japanese troops continue to
pour into Vladivostok. Japan controls the entire RusBian-Pacific
coast. The attack against Japanese troops in Nlkolaevak ln 1920
was the result of Japanese provocation. The Japanese are building fortifications, digging trenches
and putting up barbed wire on
Russian territory. Russian rivers1
have been mined by the Japanese.
The mouth of the Amur River has
been closed to Russian ships and
made a base for attacks upon us.
In order to extend their occupation
tho Japanese seized Saghallen and
are exercising all the civil and
military authority thoro. They are
disposing of forestry, fishing and
mining resources. Russians are
prohibited from entering Saghallen
without ' Japanese permission,
(Continued on Page 8)
India Suffers, But World
Is Refused Any
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—"The whole country
Is in the grip famine, unprecedented In the annals of India," says an
artlole by Khadijah Begam Fero-
zud-din tn the Lahore Tribune for
Oct 26, Just received here. The
world at large ls not permitted to
'know anything about the famine
' conditions In India, according to
the Republican India, Issued here
by the Friends of Freedom for India, which adds that the British
government has not yet "officially"
declared a famine ln India.
"The British government," the
article continues, "Is more Interested ln strategic railroads, armies,
armaments and fortifications than
ln saving human Ufe In India by
building adequate Irrigation works
for the Insurance of crops all over
the country. India is one of the
greatest food producing ountrles in
the world. She produces one-third
of the world's supply of rice and
tea, one-tenth of Its wheat. In the
production of maize, peas and pulse
Bhe Ib surpassed by none. Always
and Invariably she produces more
than she con consume herself.
Even'In her worst yearB of famine
she has enough to spare. While
people die of starvation in thousands and millions in India, she is
forced to export food to Great Britain. In the current year from
April 1 to August 6 India exported
92,270 tons of wheat alone.
Packing House Workert.
Expected to Live on
$15 Per Week
Fort Worth, Texas—Twenty-
three packing house strikers, charged with contempt of the district
court, were dismissed by Judge
Young, The strikers had been accused of interfering with street cars
conveying strike-breakers to the
Oakland, Cal.—Thero are 7500
unemployed ln this city. The mayor ordered a "campaign" to "so
the problem." It is now "solved"
—25 men are to be employed at
street work for one month at $3 a
day, with possibly 25 more to fol
low laterl
Every   reader   of  Tho  Fwlcra-
tl<.nist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions ns soon as they nro due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It docw not take much
effort to do UUs.   Try It,
Labor Uprising in Vienna
Is  Caused1 by
Vienna, (by Mall)—The greatest
labor uprising ih the history of
Vienna, December 1, left in Its
wake hundreds of people Injured,
500 others arrested, and material
damage estimated at hundreds of
thousands. It is a striking fact
that among the rows of devastated
buildings, schools and bookshops
are everywhere left unmolested.
"Police raids on the headquarters of tho Communist party and
tho homes of well-known revolutionaries followed thc rising of thc
workers, Theso petty reprisals only
prove tho inability of the authorities to appreciate the actual force
that led to the riots. There ls no
party or labor leader here who be
lleves that the wreckage of hotels
and shops will meet the workers'
dire need for bread.
Those who experienced Thursday's overwhelmingly dramatic
scones realize tnat It was hunger,
cold and violent social Inequalities
that aroused thousands to a manifestation of despair.
Violation of Laws by Big
Combine Is
(By the Federated Pi^ess)
New York—Once more a federal
court here has refused to impose
prison sentences upon big business
men who have pleaded guilty to
orlmlnal violation of the Federal
Anti-Conspiracy Law. This time
the judge is Learned Hand, and the
criminals are ten men who have
formed part of the terra cotta
trust. They were fined $3000 each,
as were seven corporations which
also entered pleas of guilty to the
same charge.
Immediately after the announcement of the sentences Samuel Un-
termyer, counsel to tho Lockwood
committee which investigated the
terra cotta industry and uncovered
the evidence, announced he would
ask the reindictment of the defendants, or most of them, in the state
Practically at the same moment,
the fines were being imposed, the
Lockwood comnTittoe heard charges
that member's of the tile trust, who
were fined for similar offenses in
federal court last month, have already resumed the illegal practices
in restraint of trade for which they
were fined.
Tricks of Employers Fail
to Disrupt the
(By M. H. Hedges)
(For tho Federated Press)
Minneapolis—A wage of $16 ft
week on which workers would have
to support families which average
five and six members is the Immediate cause of the packing house
strike at South St. Paul.
ThU ls not the Impression of tho
casual observer, but the view of the
strikers themselves. The most
humble apprentice wilt tell you, If
you will ask him, as he tramps up
and down the railroad track, or the
river front, picketing Swift's or Armour's:
"You can't live on IB bucks a
week, especially when meat ls as
high as It is."
There ts a more potent secondary
cause of the strike at South St,
Paul. It has to du with the installation without the consent of the
majority of the workers of new
systems of employee organizations
in the plants. . These systems are
practically identical ln both Swift's
and Armour's.
The humblest apprentice does
not fully understand the steps that
led up to the installation of the
new Bystem, but his instincts are
against It. The great rank and file
of skilled workers do understand
that it is designed to deprive them
of what small measure of democratic control they have achieved
McPherson, Kans.—John Downs,
I. W. W. organizer, waa freed after
incarceration in tho county jail
since last May, following a conferonco of attorneys in which It was
agreed that tho puyment of a fine
would salvo tho conscience of Kansas. Downs was assessed $250 and
tho costs of his trial, and was released upon payment. Such unprecedented action is declared to
indicate that tho war ls almost over
In Kansas.
Cincinnati—Tho United Garment
Workers Union has ordered a strike
hore. About 110 cutlers and 500
other workers aro picketing tho
plants. The shops controlled by
tho Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America are not nffectod.
Help the  Fed,
by  helping our
Reject Award
Tho Street and Electric Railway-
men of Vancouver, New West'
minster and Victoria, have, by i
largo majority, voted against tho
acceptance of the award made by
the board of conciliation, which sat
recently, ns tho result of the B. C.
E. R. Company mnking a proposal
of a 15 per cent, cut In the wages
of Its employees. Tho voto was
concluded last Friday, and counted
by the joint advisory bonrd of the
mon last Saturday. Tbo result was,
against the award, 1049, and S15
Chicago—Negotiations between
tho 6000 striking members of the
International Ladies' Garment
Workers of America ond the Cloak
and Suit Manufacturers Association has been discontinued, ns a
result of tlie man ufac tourers insistence upon reversion to sweatshop
methods. The ranks of the strikers aro unbroken.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
In the Industry!
Knows tho Oame
"I know their game," said 3.0
Foulkee, one of the tsrlkers. "They
give us fellows who are getting the
highest pay the smallest cut and
expect us to draw off from the
other boys.
"But we know that if we did, In
six months our cut. would be Increased."
In the back room of the union
headquarters, where the unskilled
workers wait in line to pay their
union dues, the men are anxious to
talk about their Job. There Is peculiar faith on the part of the score
or more, whom the writer accosted,
that If the public could only know
what tho cuts are, and what they
mean in bread and shelter, that
then the public would intervene and
demand fair play.
In general thore are 1800 unskilled workers in South .St. Paul Involved in the pay reductions announced Nov. 21 at Chicago. There
are about 1000 semi-skilled workers Involved and about 70 skilled
workers. A few hundred women
are employed in the two plants.
Tho capacity of the two plants is
7000 to 8000 men. They have been
employing only about half that
Big Cuts
The cuts which are the Immediate cause of the strike are:
Girls-from $12.50 to $10 a week.
Unskilled workers from $18 to
$15 a week.
Semi-skilled from $20 to $18 a
Skilled from $32 and $22 to
$30.80 and $20.80.
D. E. Hickey, superintendent of
the South St. Paul schools, said
that from the statistics on file in
his ofllce he believed that the average family contained five and six
Whatever the abstract merits of
tho new system of employee organization worked out at Chicago and
sont to St. Paul by company officials, lt Is a failure ln so far as its
effect upon the men goes, Joe McCoy, union secretary, told the writer.
"When thoy told us that the
workers were to havo 12 representatives, and tho company 12, we
nsked who would decide a question
in ense of a tie vote, and they informed us that tbe executive committoe would. Is that democracy?"
But whnt the men resent most
of nil Is the way the elections, endorsing the new system of organization, were carried on.
According to Joe McCoy, bosses
went about thc plant passing oit
ballots to thc men.
"The men snld, 'But we have our
own Organization.' Then (bey were
called Bolshevik, and made to feel
that they wero undor watch by the
management," McCoy said.
"Even at that," ho continued,
"only a very *-mnll number of the
employees voted for the conference
plan. And yet it was announn.d
that lbe company's plan was adoptod by a majority of the workers.*
Tbe foisting of an unwanted or-
(Contlnued on page 2)
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination Leaguo.
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Snbacription Rates: United States and Foreign.
13.00 per year; Canada, 12.60 per year, tl.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing ln a
body, lie per member per month.
trolly of Lahor:  The Hojie of theWorld
FRIDAY December 30, 1921
THE one unehanging law is the law of
change. Many Socialists in their
activities have recognized that this law
applies to the workers and that their
ideas change in .line with changing conditions. Realizing this
TIME fact, they have worked in
FOE A conection with trade and
HEW MOVE industrial unloni,. never
satisfied with the progress
made, but they have at least done what
they could to accelerate the change in
thc minds of the workers, which was so
necessary to the growth and strength of
the working-elass movement.
« • «
While it is true the trade unions still
remain largely reactionary, and are officered by men whose concept of the class
struggle is, to say the least, limited, yet
thc law of change has been at work and
the rank and file, due to changing conditions, of which the Socialists or class-
conscious members are sn active part,
it being impossible to take away or ignore the human equation, has acquired
new ideas and the organizations have
made new departures and laid down new
• ■     • *
It is only a short time, when the history of the human raee is considered,
since the trade unions were largely concerned with the providing of sick bene-
, fits and insurance against accident and
death. Today these things are becoming
secondary and minor considerations,
while the growth of the shop steward
and works committee movements indicates the real trend'of the trade and industrial unions. It may be said that thc
chaures are long over du* and that the
labor organizations arc slow moving, and
it is also perfectly true to say that the
workers have not kept pace with the development of the means of wealth production,, but that is no reason why the
activities of the workers on the industrial
field should not be supported by the class-
conscious worker. In faot, it would seem
to be, that instead of assisting the workers to come to a realization ofthe changes
which are taking place in society, thc doctrinaires in the Socialist movement have,
by their neglect of this phase of the olass
struggle, hindered this most necessary
# •:        •
That Engels saw the necessity of taking
hotc of and aiding the workers in their
industrial organization, is evidenced by
his statements referring to the Knights
of Labor, when he said: "I think also
tho Knights of Labor a most important
factor in the movement, which should not
be poo-poohed from without but revolutionized from within. Beferring to the
United States, ho also stated, "I consider
that many of the Germans have made a
grievous mistake when they tried, in the
face of a mighty and glorious movement
not of their own creation, to make of
their imported and not always understood theory a kind of only plan salvation dogma. Our theory is not a dogma,
but the exposition of a process of evolution, and that process involving successive phases."
* » «
While it would be folly to underestimate the valuo of the activities of the
individual Socialists in the labor organizations, there has, to date, been no real
effort to unite the class-conscious workers in a political organization which
could give a lead to the workers in all
phases of thc class strugglo. There lias
been no unified attempt to bring about
the necessary chango in the ideas of the
wnge slave in this country. His activities, it is true, have been explained on
public platforms where only a few of the
workers were reached, but this is not
sufficient. The conditions which prevail/
offer many opportunities for working
clnss propaganda, if they arc mado use of,
but tliey cannot be utilized by a few
people who are more concerned with
heresy hunting than they are in developing the militant spirit of the working
clnss, so that class action can be taken
on every possible occasion.
* ♦ •
Thc working class is composed of all
kinds of individuals. It is what it is because of the conditions which produced
jt. It ean only be changed in accordance
with the prevailing conditions, and the
changing of working-class psychology in
lino with thc changing conditions can
and must be aided by-the active and organized 'effort of all the class-conscious
workers. The tune for such a move is
now hero and the sooner it is realized
that the working class will never move as
a class, unless it is flrst trained to do so,
the sooner the attempt will bo made.
Trade unions may bc reactionary, but as
Lozovsky has pointed out, the unions arc
the natural groupings of tn° workers as
producers, whieh develop the class-
consciousness and militancy of tho workers, developing at the same time tlieir
sense of responsibility and discipline, preparing them for the difficult task of organizing production and exchange in thc
Communist society. If this is correct, then
there is only onc tiling the blass-opnsoious
workers cnn do, and that is to aid in this
great work by actively working as a
party in conjunction with the everyday
aetivities of the working class.
IN another eoliuw ol this im* will be
found an appeal for food, clothing
and medicine for the famine sufferers of
Soviet Russia. A continent wide campaign is now being waged on behalf of
the Russian workers who
A DUTY, have shown a loyalty and
SOT courage in the working-
CHARITY       class    movement    which
has stirred the imagination of the world's working class. That
the Canadian workers will respond to this
appeal for parcels of clothing and other
necessities we do not doubt, but as the
Russian workers have borne the blunt
of the straggle against capitalism during
the past four years, wc do not think that
our appeal for those workers, added to
that of the Canadian Famine Relief Committee, will stress this great need too
» * *
When it is remembered that ont of a
feudal state, without the highly developed industrial mechanism which is to
be found in the mon highly developed
capitalist countries, the Russian workers
have forged for themselvea a degree of
freedom which is' not yet the lot of the
wage slaves in the modern capitalist
countries, and have, in spite of all obstructions, preserved their rule, then the
work of our Russian comrades ean be
realized and its importance to the working-class movement estimated. Not only
should the workers of all countries
gather inspiration from the efforts of
their Russian comrades, but they must of
necessity realize that the way has been
made the easier for their future efforts.
The assisting of the famine sufferers is
not a charitable proposal, but it is a duty
which the workers owe to the Russian
working class for the loyalty, courage
and endurance shown in tbe international
movement for the freeing of humanity
from slavery.
AVERY interesting letter was handed
to us this week. It demonstrates
what a glorious life can bc secured on the
land and gives an indication of the extent
of the prosperity which the people, who
the government of
THE this.... country,     in
FARMERS' conjunction with the
"HAPPY" LOT      British authorities, is
to induce to come
out, are likely to secure. The letter came
from a farmer in Alberta. It gives a picture Of a farmer's happy lot in the Northwest that is most alluring. For instance,
this producer of foodstuffs says: "We
killed beef and sold it for three cents a
pound, nice steaks and all. We had to.
We had no feed and no money, and debts
to pay." In this letter it is also stated,
that if hides arc sold, the farmers have
to add the freight to sell them, and all
the hides which two horses could haul
would not pay for their harness. Another
instance given is where a a fanner sold
a cow and got 40 cents after paying the
a,       a       *
If such conditions exist   among   the
farmers in Sunny Alberta, we  do  not
wonder at their getting into politics, but
at the same time we fail to see where a
low tariff policy and cheap binder twine
as a political programme will lead them.
Capitalism determines the status of the
farmer, and those great days when wheat
produced two dollars or more a bushel,
and beef a high price, aro gone never to
return.   When industry is closed down
the farmers must, along with their fellow
workers of thc city, suffer as a result.
The closing down of industry creates a
low demand for   agricultural   products,
and thc farmer must as a  consequence
suffer from the effects of au overstocked
. . .
Thc present system of society determines that the wealth producers, be they
agricultural or industrial, must produce
not for use, but for profit. In that lies
the source of all the suffering of the
working elass. The farmers may get
cheap binder twine, but if they have not
tho prioe, they will be like the eity
workers who cannot get the money necessary to buy a "coffee and." That this condition is likely to be the lot of the farmers
in the near future, should show them that
they have nothing to gain by forming a
political group based on their imaginary
wrongs, but that they have everything to
gain by joining up with the industrial
workers in a class political organization,
and work for thc abolition of a system
whieh donies them the barest necessities,
in spite of the fact that they arc engaged in the production of the means of
life, and profits for a ruling class.
ONCE again, according to the capitalistic press, Lenin is supposed to
have abandoned Marxism. We can expect this attitude to bo assumed by those
who are opposed to the Workers' Republic, but when those
LENIN who are supposed to bo
AND Socialists claim that the
MARXISM Soviet regime is not acting in accordance with
the programme of the revolutionary class,
it is timo to step in and give those individuals a few pointers which may direct
their attention to the truth. Economic
revolutions are not the result of a few
days' efforts, or even tho work, of years;
they an. the followers of political revolutions and take time. Capitalism was not
established over night; in fact feudalism
is not entirely eliminated from capitalistic
society, and to expect tho Russian workers to set up a communistic republic without any of the forms of the old order
still lingering behind, in four years, is to
expect tho impossiblo, and shows tlfat
those who have this idea have not yet
grasped the-Marxian viewpoint.
That those people who have expected
more in Russia thnn has been accomplished have not realized just whnt the
eoiulilions in that country were before
the politicnl revolution, is shown by
Lull iu himself, when in a recent issue of
"Pravda," commenting on-the changing
economic policy, he says:
"Trade is the only possible economic
connection between the many millions of small peasants and' great-in- -
dustry, if . . . besides these peasants there is no great machine industry with a net of electric cables,,no
industry capable of supplying the
small peasants with botter goods in
larger quantities quicker and cheaper than before, owing to its technical '
power and its organizatory superstructure. On a world scale this
"if" is already realized, this condition really exists. There is not a
single country among the most backward capitalistic countries which
has not attempted to realize at once
and directly, this new connection between industry and agriculture: but
no country eould solve this problem
by storm and it must now be carried
out by a series of slow, gradual,
cautious sieges."
a       a       a
This   statement   proves   conclusively
that tho Russian Soviet   government  is
dealing with actualities, and not theories,
and applies the Marxian theoretical system to tilings as they are, with a full
recognition of the conditions in Russia
and the world working-class movement.
Later in dealing with reforms and their
relation to revolution, Lenin says:
"The relation of reforms to revolution ean be   correctly  established
only  with  the  help   of  Marxistie
theory.   Marx, however,   could   se*
this relation from one side only, in a
given situation preceding the first,
however in complete victory of the
proletariat in any country. In such a
situation tlie proper formula for this
relation was: reforms are a by-product of the revolutionary class struggle of the proletariat.   For the en-'
tire capitalistic world this relation
is the foundation of the revolutionary tactics of the proletariat, that
ABC which is being  perverted   and
darkened by the venal leaders of the
2nd International and  the  half-pedantic, half-affected leaders  of the
2V2 International.   After the victory
of the proletariat, even  if  in   one
country only, the relations of reform
to revolution suffer  a  change.   In
principle things remain as they were,
but the form changes:"
Carrying his point still  further, he
"This.change could not have been .
foreseen by Marx himself, but it can
be explained only on the philosophic
and political basis of Marxism. Why
were we capable of carrying out our
retreat correctly. Because we had
gone forward far enough ,to leave
room for a retreat. We had in th0
few weeks between October 25,1917;
and tho conclusion of the Brest
treaty, built up the Soviet stato,
abandoned the imperialist war by
revolutionary means and completed
bourgeois democratic revolution with
such giddy rapidity that even the
tremendous retrograde sjep, th*
peace of Brest left us fully in possession of sufficient positions for the
exploiting of tho "breathing space"
and for our moving victoriously for-,
ward against Koltchak, Denikin, Yu.
deniteh, Pilsudski and Wrangel.
"Until the victory of the proletariat, reforms are a 'by-product' of
the revolutionary elass struggle.
After victory reforms in the country
in which victory has been won (although they remain a 'by-product'
on an international scale) present
themselves as an indispensable'and
lawful breathing space in those
cases, when after a maximal straining of all forces, these forces are
evidently insufficient for the revolutionary carrying out of the particular transition in question. Victory
supplies such a 'reserve of forces'
which enables us to hold out even in
case of an enforced retreat—to hold
out in a material sense as well as in a
moral sense. To hold out in a material sense means to keep a sufficient
superiority of forces to prevent the
enemy from finally crushing us. To
hold out in a moral sense means no_t
to allow ourselves to be demoralized
and disorganized, to keep up heart
and spirits, to retreat perhaps far
backward but always with measure,
in sueh 'a manner as to bo able at the
proper moment to arrest our retreat
and pass over to tho attack again.
"We have retreated to state capitalism. But wo havo retreated with
measure. We arc now retreating tO<
the state control of trado. But we
will retreat with measure. There are
already symptoms showing that the
end of this retreat is coming into
view. The possibility of arresting
our retreat dawns in a not too distant future. The moro consciously,
tho more single mindedly, the less
infected with prejudices we carry .
out this indispensable retreat, the
sooner we will be able to arrest it,
and the firmer, the swifter and the
more sweeping will be our victorious rush forward."
Capitalist apologists and safe and sane
Socialists who have become respectable
and impregnated with their own self-
importance, may rave as they will, but
thc fact remains that the Russian workers
are still hewing to the line and building
with thc material to hand and as conditions will allow them. This should bc
sufficient for Marxian students even if it
docs give the mental prostitutes of thc
present ruling class all opportunity to
spread their foul lies and innuendoes.
Christmas at the Park
Twenty-three Other Political Prisoners Also
While the Hon. H. IT. Stevens retained
Ms seat in Parliament, it would appear
that he had been "Robbed" of the fruits
of victor
Many I. W. W. Members
Are  Still Held  in
Durance Vile
By Laurence Todd
(Federated    Press    Stuff    Correspondent)
Washington.—Debt ii tree!
Witb him 23 others of the "so-
called" poUtlcal prisoners have received commutations of sentence.
The Hard fnr administration
issued Friday night a list of fhe
group of persons selected for holiday clemency, and emphasised its
views that the I. W. W. who have
not recanted are unworthy of release.
The President himself announced his position, forbidding
the press to quote him directly. It
appears that ho takes the attitude
that Debs was in part entitled to
his liberty—but not to be restored
citisenshlp—because he hsd twice
polled nearly a million votes as a
presidential candidate.
Mr, Harding', who specifically
justifies the action of the courts
in Imprisoning these men In time
of war, feels that changed conditions make it now possible to exercise mercy. Moreover, he views
with complacency the fact that
most of the 173 political prisoners
remaining behind the stone walls
are of tho I. W. W. group. He
holds that they are rarely American citizens, and that they have no
good claim to executive clemency.
Vet he released Charles Ashleigh
and Giovanni Baldasi for deportation, while he holds Vincent St
John, an American, ln prison.
No Proof ■
In brief, the Department of Justice report on the released prisoners sets forth that—Charles Ashleigh was an I. W. W. speaker and
writer, "and while there is no
proof to overt acts on his part, ho
cooperated with the leading I. W.
W.'s up io an.d immediately following declaration of war by this
■ Orville Anderson, convicted at
Deadwood, Si D., charged with
having "criticized the President as
a murderer and denounced the war
as unconstitutional," denied the
charges and established his ordinary high character as a citizen.
Giovanni Baldazzi wroto articles
for an Italian I. W. W. paper "and
unquestionably justly deserved"
the 10 years and 130,000 fine Imposed. The department^ anxious
to deport him at once.
David T. Blo.dgett of Iowa, who
quoted Tom Watson on the unconstitutionality of the draft, and
wrote pamphlets opposing the war,
"ls evidently abnormal" and has
served the equivalent to five years
Thomas Carey, San Francisco,
has nearljt completed a two-year
term for refusing to be drafted and
advising others to refuse to respond. He was "misled" by others
into his position.
J. T. Cumbie, 75 years old,
Oklahoma preacher and farmer,
member of the farm tenants "Uni'
versa] Union," which sought to re
sist the draft, "was ordinarily t
law-abiding, worthy hard-working
citizen but a Socialist and therefore more easily led." He wus paroled last June-
Joseph M. Cold well, Providence,
an old man,whose term would have
expired February 22, next, "wus an
insistent advocate of resistance to
the selective service act." Fedoral
Attorney and Judge refused to recommend more than a parole,
which was denied.
Claude Frees, £11 Paso, offered
plans of a machine gun to a German consul in Mexico during the
war, but tho offer was refused.
This was never considered a political one by the amnesty advocates.
Was Socialist
William G. Head, South Dakota,
"was a Socialist and circulated petitions for a referendum of the war
question," but committed no overt
act and "was not an I. W. W,"
Gustavo H. Jucobson, Chicago,
"a citizen of high character and
standing fn the community," In
whose house a conspiracy to start
trouble In India was alleged to
have been discussed, in tho year
1915, "was no! fhowh to be in
reality an enemy of the United
Mrs. Idell Kennedy of Los
Angeles, "a woman of Intelligence
and education, but not well balanced mentally," returned from a
Visit ln Germany before the war
and published pro-German articles
and sought to obstruct the draft.
Her husban.d paid a $5000 flne for
her at cost of much hardship, and
she has been ln an asylum for 18
months paat
John L. Murphy, one of the men
convicted at Sacramento as an I.
W, W., denied that he was ever an
active member, is fast becoming
blind and "now claims that he has
completely changed his views and
attitudo toward the government
and the social order of things generally and promises hereafter to be
a law-abiding citizen."
This One Ignorant
, Walter Phillips, Oklahoma, was
one of the tenant farmers convicted en masse for conspiracy to re
sist the draft. These farmers
"were for the most part ignorant
and had been worked upon by the
C. W. W. agitators and vicious
Joso Prado, Santa Fe, a laborer
helped some other destitute laborers across the border in'tlme of
Mojick Fieron, Detroit, a former
officer ln the Austrian army,
charged with seeking to prevent
enlistments, denied the charge and
htu_ a good prison record.
Wilhelm Holt urn ami, a Lutheran
minister,   of   Jrori   Dodge,   Iowa,
(By An Inmate)
CHRISTMAS 1921 has come
and gone leaving behind its
.usual stock phrases: "Peace
on earth and good will among
men." The 600 men at Hastings
Park are beginning to realise the
hypocrisy of such phrases. They
know that we shall never have
"peace on Earth and good will
among men" until we have a para-
siteless humanity.
Had Charles Dickens heen living
in these times and residing at
Hastings Park, such classics as
"Christmas Carals" may not have
been written, despite the attempt of
many well meaning people to consider ye old time Christmas customs. The frigid conditions under which mankind is living, render very little encouragement te
their desires. This was particularly exemplified at the above institution,
The dinner table usually looked
forward to oa Christmas day was
also the main event on this occasion. As we filed into the dining room
for Christmas dinner, with faces
beaming with expectancy for the
conventional turkey and cranberry
sauce and of course some plum
pudding, wo wero bitterly reminded of the old adage, "blessed
lo the man that expects not for
he shall not be disappointed." We
had previously spent tho morning
Itt wishing one-another tho greetings of the season, and if wishes
were realities we were plentifully
supplied. The turkey, however,
whloh was served on that occasion
did not provo to he a member of
the bird family. The remark, however, "She ls a tough old bird,'
was intended for the roast beef
that was served on that occasion
Aa for the accompanying vegetation that was limited to cabbage
and potatoes.' The cranberry
sauce, like its usual companion the
"turkey," proved an absolute alibi.
charged with disloyal utterances,
denied having made them and has
served over two years.
Anthony J. Stopa, Detroit, convicted on charges made by alien
witnesses—whom he charges with
being his debtor and personal enemies—with having urged men not
to enlist, "desires to become a citizen and promises obedience to our
An Enemy
H. L, Trelease, Fargo, N. Dak.,
an Irishman and Socialist is to be
deported. "It is said that his public addresses during the war were
very pronounced and he is an enemy to our institutions."
Hd Hamilton, I. W. W. organizer
convicted at Chicago, wrote an
article entitled "After the War
What?" The department thinks
"there was no serious overt act
committed by this defendant, and
while tho speeches and writings
attributed to him were serious at
that time and justified the sentence" of 10 years and $20,000 fine.
Jack Law, who drew 10 years
and $30,000 flne "prior to 1915 was
a dangerous leader and agitator for
the I. W. W. and cooperated with
Haywood, St. John and others.
Very little, however, la shown concerning any like activities atter
this country entered the war." He
is claimed to havo given assurances
of future abstenatlon from any
"disloyal act toward this country."
Albert Prashner "admits that he
was an organizer, etc., and held
many of tho ideas advocated hy the
I. W. W." but denied any anti-war
activities; indeed, he waived exemption in the draft. "He states
that ho has denounced In all sincerity his former I. W. W. associates and all radical affiliations and
no longer holds the Ideas which led
him to join the association." He
"has beon taught a lesson which
-will lost him as long as he lives
and further punishment Is unnecessary,"
The cuses of Hamilton, Law and
Prashner wore set forth in a special annex to the others, and appear
to be an afterthought of the Pre
dent, following tho protest against
his original refusal.to grant amnesty to any I. W. W. not subject
to deportation.
f The plum pudding, however, In an
its glory and majesty was there,
tho om and only feature of the
event which gave lt the semblance
of a Christmas dinner,
On entering the dining room eaoh
man was presented with a Christmas present In the form of some
tobacco and a brand new London
straw pipe, not that clay pipes are
In anyway foreign to workingmen
smokers, but, it added Dlckenson-
ian atmosphere to the occasion; in
this way the workers were provided with an opportunity to
smoke their pipe of "Peace on
earth and good will among mon."
The after dinner smoke which
naturally followed as the men
grouped around the stoves sending upwards their thoughts and
dreams on the wings of smoke.
The min.ds of many of the men
drifted back to former days, many
ot them had deep recollections of
Christmas days spent on the battle
fields of tho late war, where tho
surroundings bore everything "but
a resemblance to "Peace on earth
and good will among men." They
were told on their return after
those frightful days that "nothing*
was too good for them. But many
of these men realise by this timo,
tbat they have received the "nothing" alleged to bo too good for
them. tf**
Men acclaimed as heroes hut
tired of fighting useless battles
were absorbed wtlh the awful realities that are now confronting them.
Their thoughts were bitter on the
conditions weighing heavily upon
them; Imprisoned by conditions of
want their minds are at least free
to ponder over the hopes of future
deliverance. Christmas thoughts to
them therefore mean something
different to those whose conditions
have not been affected as have been
theirs. To them new thoughts are
born—thoughts not of resurrection
of the old world with its beat horrors, but of a new world free of
class distinction and class rule. They
see out of the shell of the preaent
conditions involving a new society
whero slavery and want are unknown. The men at Hastings Park
are thereforo due to derive out of
their conditions of want due to un
iting vu* Fhosw SeffMonr MM
for apftttntosMl
J)r. W. J. Cmty
Suite Ml Dominion
Cigar Store
. ._)
employment, new hones and aspirations for a better order of society.
Low Wages Cause
of St Paul Strike
(Continued from pago 1)
sanitation on them has contributed to the bitterness of the strikers.
"Just as winter opened," McCoy
said, "announcement comes of a
cut in wages. Tnat is the flrst result of 'representative' government
tn the slaughter-houses. How
many men do you think would voto
for a cut?"
.Everywhere Lhe writer trnvtl
cynicism among tlie strikers. They
believe that thi employers are dishonest. They resent the fact that
the packers want to reduce wages
before a reduction In the price of
Coupled with these causes for
impatience at the employers' methods of dealing with the men Is
the fact that almost the first act of
tho "representative assembly,'
company controlled, was to consider company stores.
Thus far the workers in Pack-
ingtown have escaped this brutal
form of company patronage. They
resent it   They fear lt.
Joe McCoy sees ln tho complcto
tie-up of tho plants the perfect co-
operation of the unskilled and skilled workers ln picketing, the freedom from friction between groups
of employees evidences that the
company's plan of employee organization has failed utterly.
Ho believes that the failure of
the company's plan is tho biggest
issue In tho strike, though he is not
insensible to the hardships that reductions in wages means.
Kindling tree
st oordova ai. vr.
Comfortable and Modern
Pricei -iMSonnble
Seymour  IIM-O
O. J. Mengel
Writes nil tin. see ol Insurance Representing onlr flrst-
class Board companies. If Insurance Is wanted, write or
phone Sey. 0626.
OHloe address, 712 Board ot
Trade Bldg., Vancourer, B.O.
Greatest Stoek ot
in Greater Vuscoum
Replete In every detail
Hastings Fi_niitiireCo.___td_
41 Hastings Street Weat
1160  OflOTflS  strt*
Sundty lervicet, 11 a.m. u« f jq 9.m
Sanday    ichool    immediately    lollowlu
morals* sonic*.    Wtdneadsy tMtlmoafil
M$t Birkftldl'-   tt,ltaf   r~*
Tlio greatest assistance tnat the
readers of Tlio Federatlonist can
render ns nt this time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing ho
you hprciul the news of Uie working class movement and assist us
Home Furniture Store
C" VERY article in the store is greatly
*-' reduced in price'. If you need anything in the Furniture line, we advise
you to come to our store and view our
Remember, we are not giving away
the goods, but we assure you that you
will buy furniture very cheap, and
many articles at less than wholesale
Home Furniture Co.
Phone Sey. 1297
labor and Sooialist Literature, in All Languages
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Under New Management.
Prompt Attention Pnid to All Mnil Orders
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friend or neighbor.
raniTBBs, pubmshebs, btbibo-
Union 6-toiali, writ, for prlcss.   Wa
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat service eount 10
much—call up
Phone Fairmont H
Prompt Ambulance Serrloe
"A Good Placo to Bat"
Wishing You
of the Season
and Non-alcoholio Ivlnos of all.
-Pinnabir St. HM
; tsar.  _ra. It
TANoovvm, & a
even before dental work is started
To tboae who anUcipate with dread any kind at dental
was*, "Nerve Blocking" la unqueatloaably a •mdarfnl
blessing. For by meana of thia modern method of preventing pain, you don't feel a tremor nt tay time the
work hi being done. I atmply prevent the nerve eentrea
racerting any message of pain. To thoae wh» come to
me with aching teeth, there H inatut relief.
dome la and have sne demonstrate hear soothing and
confident my methods are—why pain Is a thing of the
put—why thla la the happiest time for teeth In all
dental history.
Tou will be delighted with
the. reaulta 1 aocomtflieh
In replacing missing teeth
with Expression Work—
my specialty, Individual,
exact and natural.
,B. BBBTT AKDIRSOB. fsrauriy ausskir ef Uu Tusltr et tha
C»)le«. •■ Dsauslty, Uattmltr ef Sralkm OaHfaraia, LoilafW
oa Csm aad Bridimrk, Don oMtrstor la PWenrk aad Opus-
tW. 'Dentistry, looal aad Ooaoral AaaMthula.
'apanese Aid
Strangulation of Siberia
(Continued from page 1)
af :
Russians are arrested on ausptdon
having relatione with the legal
usslan government.
By prolonging civil war the
apanese create condition!
arranting the continuation of la<
erventlon; by ruining tbe econ-
mic life of the Ruaslan Far Eaat
hey are able ta spread their own
Assist Reactionaries
The Maritime Provincial
Assembly, which waa elected by
he entire population of the prov -
nee, waa endeavoring to establish
lemocratic rule through a Con-
tltuent Assembly, devising meana
or the unification of pacification
the country, but the Japanese
rustrated their attempt by assist
ng reactionaries ln the coup-dint In Vladivostok and along the
lurl Railroad,
"Contrary to ths agreement ot
pril 19, whloh provided that no
rmed forces be permitted in the
apanese tone, the Japanese-have
een allowing and aiding in organ-
and maintaining antl-govern-
ent forces. This paralyzed the
aorta of the government te resort normal life and frustrated all
ttempta to eliminate marauding
'On May I* the Russian mllltla
iapatched to Nikolakuaeurilak was
isarmcd by the Japanese, who
■lowed the town tb be captured by
Semenovltes. The Japanese
rerouted tbe search for arms in
he house of a Japanese subject
id arrested all our armed detach-
lents and the commanding stall,
uring tha coup ot May li the
apanese disarmed and arrested
government troops who were
Bsisting the Merkulov rebels. The
laure of tht Maritime Province
the - Introduction of tbe rule
Semenov proved that the Jap-
aggresstveness     In      the
Russian Far Beat is net objected to
by the powers.
"At the Dairen eonference between Japan aad tht Far Eastern
Republic, the Japanese tried tt obtain tht content ot the repubUo
for Japanese troops to remain la
Siberia, that fortttcatione ot
Ruaslan cities be destroyed, and
that Japanese ahould obtain aB
compulsions In the territory along
the Tartar Straits—all of which
meana lots of Russian sovereignty
and dependence npon Japan economically and politically. Falling
In tbls the Japanese rendered
aaaltsanct to Merkulov to launch
an attack for which the Japanese
supplied munitions; and the entire
responsibility for tbls attack rests
upon tht Japanese.
"The Russian people of the Far
Fast repeatedly protested to tbt
wholt world agalnat the Japanete
atrocities. We protest against the
Washington conference discussing
questions ln which we are vitally
Interested without our participation. We atrongly proteot agalnat
the continued pretence ot Japanese
troopa on Russian territory, which
is an encroachment upon our
aoverelgnty and independence.
"Signed: Chairman, Suhovy;
membera, Borodoukln, Dumkln,
Sayapln, Federov, Her, Loboda.
Takimov, Anslferov, Shertgov,
Nlkiforov, Luykanchikov, Dom-
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
What Is a Party of Action?
Lumberworkers Industrial Mini
of Canada—Coast Branch
Minneapolis, Minn—Another atep
toward "normalcy" was made when
the Chicago, Milwaukee * St. Paul
railroad put Into effect an order
closing Its shopa In Sooth Minneapolis. The shut-down la for an Indefinite period, according to an
announcement madt by the superintendent, who stated taht 700 men
are immediately affected and that
about SOO more will be indirectly
affected. No reaaon waa given for
the shut-down.
You nay wish to help The Fed-
orationl-t. Yon can do ao by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
ret twenty Tsart wt Save Itaatl tut Ualon sump fn tie nadir ear
re.e.tal ColMctta au|.l___(
For-ltl Both Strlk-s ud Lockouts
Klip-Ms Sottlod by Ai-ttritlon
stssdy Buplojant aad Skiuod Weikaui-l,
Prompt DsUT.rl.s to Doalm aal Mile
i-e.ee and shccssi to Workon tad Baployara
rtosporlty et Shoo Making OosnaanlWll
Aa loyal tain man aad wonwa, ws uk
yon to doauiad shoos Staring tha above
Unioa Stamp oa Sols, Xnsolo or Lining.
OolUs Lovoly, Oontttl griildoat    Oharm I_ Balnt, Oomr-1 Sac-Tress,
Itesh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental t_ Shade Cress, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists- Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
l» Eastings Street Bast 1*0 OranviUe Street
Seymour nun Seymonr 9515
union MADS-
The LM/T Loggers' Bopt
Mall nlon pononatty attsatsd to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulkt nnd An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * SON
Next .Door to Loggers' Rail
Phona Seymoar SSS Repairs Dont Whllt Yon Wall
Made in Vancouver
For more than thirty years Cascade Beer has
been made in Vancouver. Its best recommendation is that during that time more Cascade has
been sold in B. C. than all other beers combined.
• Limited
Call to Conrentlon to ht Meld on1
Monday, January -th, IMS.
As an llluetration ot what can be
accomplished by even a sign of organlted effort upon the part of the
loggers, we would like te point out
the following facta:
During the winter of 1111-1918
tht boat toggsn announced their intentions ot cutting wages fl.SO per
day when tha campa started up ln
1SU, but the loggers decided tn
January, mt, that they would organiie themselves for tha purpose
td raiting their wages and atandard
ot living la the oamps.
Thie was accomplished, aa any
man working In the campa during
that time it well aware ot, the boss
waa compelled to build new b ink-
houses, bath houses, aad dry
houses; famish blanket! anda
sheets, improve the Quality tf the
food and cooking in the oampa,
and raise wages 12.00 per day. This
happened when the loggen were
united. .        '
Dulng lito the boss loggers got
busy and organised hla forces to
destroy organiiation, and this la
what he has partly accomplished
by working inside our organization
and using a part of our membership (who were cither paid, or had
ulterior motives) and the actual
labor spy to destroy the Lumber
Workers- Industrial Union of Canada.
There waa also the trouble arising out ot the piece work system
introduced by the buss which the
membership did not understand,
therefore allowing themselves to
be-ome divided on -the question.
They have succeeded to the extent that they are abla to keep the
majority of the active members out
of camp by "Hick's blacklist," and
by shipping men to the coast from
all over Canada.
In order to regain what we have
loot by the bosses stool-pigeon-,
and the disgruntled part of the
membership we will have to sink
our personal differences and Investigate the "piece work system" the
"black list," and the method of
educating the men who have been
shipped out here from all over
To do this we are calling a mass
convention to be held on January
filth, _»:_, to bt composed ot tht
membenhlp and delegatee elected
Iroa camps on tha following basts
of representation:—-       -
"All membera to he seated mnst
be fully paid up ts December Hat,
■ "The Executive shall appoint a
temporary committee who shall examine alt cards, and all membera
fulfilling the above requirements
shall be seated and tha committee
"The convention shall then elect,
a committee who shall examine the
cards tf Sll membera and delegatee
who have not been seated, and report their findings to the convention, who shall act upon them."
"The convention to be open to
memberi only, and the convention
ahall be the authority of tht organisation whllt In session."
"The usual committees shall be
eleoted from the floor of the oonvention."
Signed on behalf of the Coast
Coaat Branch Secretary.
Free Delivery
Phon Soy. 3262
Phono Sey. SSS
Phoae Fair. 1SSS
Phono Soy. 6H9
On   salt   Friday   and   Ss_jr_«>-,
g-iiuuu    Less    o(   Pork—Ke_.
880    lb.      Spocial    price,  'per
ib. .:. .:... 2Bi.2o
Phono your order.
SLATER'S FAMOUS PORK SHOULDERS—Weighing from 4 to 7 lbs.;
genu jno government Inspected
pork; unequalled for quality. Reg.
25c lb.    Extra special, lb 16 l-2c
It will pay you to corns along
and see our display of Primo
Beef and Pork. Without a doubt
we havo the finest display uf
Beef and Pork, not forgetting
Turkeys, in Vancouver. Any sizo
of roast cut.
Oo sale, onr apecial Smoked Sugnr
Cured Hind Legs of Ham, primo
quality. Specialty selected. Rt.c
48c per lb.    Speciul, Ib 88 1-Ze
On aale—Our' Special Sugar
Cured Streaky Hacon, In half
or wholo slain. Regular 4Bc
lb.     Special,   lb 35 I-2c
Our fumoui Alberta Creamery Rutter
on sale on Saturday morning from
T a.m. to 11 a.m. Spocial, rt lba.
Hr  _.  |1.20
Our finest Alberta  Creamery Butter on salo on  Saturday morning   from   7   a.m.   to    11   a.m.
Special, 3 lbs. fur   fl.SO
TAGK ROLLS, lb.  29 l-2c
Finest Leaf Lard, 3 lbi. for. 45c
Finest Jap Oranges,  box  .79e
j  Shoulders  of Lamb,  par lb.~..21c
Sweet Oranges, per doi...
Nice Red Apples,  8  lbi.
AU kinds of Nuts.
All kindi of Kidney Suet.
All to Bs Had at SUtor'i
123 Hastings St. E.   Phono Say. 32-2
830 annuls St. __-_• Boy. SSe
3200 Mala St.        mono Fair. 16S3
list  Orantllla  St.   (Oor.  Darts  oa
OnaTllle)    Pkone Soy, lit.
Tfta general eonvention of tin
Lumbar Workera* Industrial Union
of Canada will he held at il Cordova Street Weat, Vancouver, B.C.,
on the 16th day of January, 1922,
the convention convening: at IS
The baals of representation will
be one delegate for the first two
hundred members, and one additional delegate for each succeeding two hundred members, or
major fraction thereof.
Signed on behalf of the General
Executive Board,
Oeneral Secretary.
New York Banker Says
France Has Doubled
Her Debt
(By the Federated Press)
(New Tork Burenu)
New York—"Ths greatest financial juggler in tht world today ls
France," said Frank A. Vanderlip,
retired New York banker, who recently returned from several
months spent abroad studying
world conditions. The statement
was made at a luncheon of the
Bond Club of New York.
'The French finance minister,"
Vanderlip continued, "must keep in
the air 65 billion francs of short
term debts, and not only juggle
these, but also must reach down
.overy few months and pick up another billion—because France is
tinder pledge to spend in the next
three years 60 billion frnncs more,
and she hns not been able to raise
taxes to a point that will meet that
expenditure, and she is disappointed and ls almost certnin to be still
more disappointed ift her indemnity receipts."
France, the financier declared,
now has twice the floating debt she
had at the outbreak of the war, ahd
her debt then was one of the largest, per capita in the world.
"She has a rather clever way of
'balancing' a budget." he said.
"She finds out what her Income is,
and then she cuts off from her expenditures an amount etimU to that
income, nnd calls that the ordinary
budget, and it balances. Everything that is left over is called tho
'extraordinary budget' and does
not havo to be taken into account."
Whilo his hearers were attempting to dlgost theso facts, Mr. Vanderlip brought them bolt upright
in their scats with the fiat chargo
that America was directly responsible for the food riot in Austria,
In whicli tbo Bristol Hotel was
sacked and the luxury stores attacked.
HWy B. W. Redters)
1 'denee at   tk*   masses   wm   ealy
Twenty Millions
For Famine Victims
(Continued from page 1)
comfort: Vernon Kellogg had talked wilh Kalinin, the president of
tho Soviet Republic, who bad told
Kellogg that tho Russians were beginning to realize "wbat a capitalist
country can do that we cannot do,"
and that they realized that America was both their best friend in
need and tho worst enemy of tlieir
Tho special rulo for hastening
passage of the appropriation was
adopted and the committee adjourned.
Over in the senate tbe floor was
secured by Senator France of Maryland, who offered a resolution calling for the appointment of a commission by the President, to visit
Russia to discuss with a committee
from the de facto government of
Russia the settlement of all questions now nt issue betwoen the two
governments — a resolution, ln
short, looking toward recognition
of the Soviet Republlo and tho resumption of political and economio
relations between Russia and the
United States.
He asked that the measure be
sent to the committee on agriculture, because it was intended _o relieve the distress of Americf.n farmers through resumption jf l'or-
elgn trade. The foreign relations
committeo had failed to take notice of a provious resolution of similar nature.
Pittman of Nevada, Now of Indiana, Curtis of Kansns, Robinson
of Arkansas and King of Utah,
jumped on France and Ills measure was sent to the foreign relations committee for cold storage.
The greatest Mstetanrc that the
readers of Tho FcdcrntlonlKt <"*n
render us al tills time, is bv ppr»*
Ing a new subscriber, lly rim .» «■
you hpread the news of Iho work
lug class movement and assist as
TM deterraata to tko forme-
ttea Mt fuacUealef of a party
o/ action cu be ■riefly outlined, A party of aeUeo cannot ba
made up of theoretical purists or
led by them. Theory, In lta most
Perfected form, servos only aa a
guide to action, it eaa never be
a substitute for Action. A true understanding of principles has lta
value In the revolutionary movement, aad a high valuo. But Marxian theory; when repeated mechanically aad not applied to the conditions at hand, though it may
satisfy the hunger for pure truth,
accomplish little else. A party
whtch degenerates Into an organisation of worshippers of abstract
truth, a party that does not weigh
and re-weigh Its theoretical formula with, regard to changing conditions, ean not ba a party of
action, and ceases tn fact to be a
party at all.
Faith is a quality necessary te
the make up of all revolutionists.
Faith Is Indispensable te one who
would be up and doing. But faith
perverted by fatalism te a bane to
action and a menace to life. Aa
organization which hae a doctrinaire faith In the program that devotes itaelf to persistent prating of
the "correctness of lte position" la
not a party of action. Such, an organization is a sect, a congregation
of the faithful.
What of tbe Maesm?
To some self styled revolutionists the masses represent a mythical entity which can nevor go
wrong. To others, the masses represent' the name of Ignorance, a
horde forever condemned to be the
tools of the "conscious great men."
The former nre victims of a blind
•veneration for the masses, the latter of an arrogant contempt. A
party of action cannot be afflicted
with either disease. A party of
action, can not, after the fashion of
the opportunists run after the
masses. But neither can it be sec
tarian and run away from them. A
party, of action muat neither stoop
to the level of the masses nor attempt to hol.d the masses to a level
they cannot possibly reach. The
way out Is in putting forward standards which will draw the masses
into activities which still promote
their spirit of independence, and
cause them to take the next step
> '        Bole of Propaganda
Propaganda is a particularly
powerful weapon in the class war.
But pure and simple propaganda,
ndwever revolutionary, will advance neither tho party nor the
'masses; Nor does a revolutionary
program by itself make a party of
Motion. A party may hurl at the
masses tons of the most fiery proclamations and yet be out of touch
'with them. A revolutionary pro-
'gram'may easily serve as a cloak
*o a crew of downright dogmatists.
Pi»pa"ganda may serve thc purposo
of education, but this ls Insufficient. Unless the program of a party
Is accompanied by practical activity it Is Well nigh useless. Its propaganda then falls upon deaf ears
and ls not worth tho paper or lung-
power required to carry it. An
activity, so futile as this, may satisfy "left cripples," smug and complacent; for real revolutionists it is
unbearable. *
Through Struggle to Power
A party of action welcomes
evory opportunity for locking
horns with capitalism. For a party
of action there ls no occasion of
strugglo too small or too great.
Bread, clothing, and shelter may
be considerations of equal rank
with unionism, workers' dictatorship or Communism. Such a party
notlvaly partialpates in all the im-
mcjliato struggles of the working
class, gives them breadth and
depth and directs them Into revolutionary ehannels-
A struggle for the simplest necessities of life, in times like the
present, tends to devolop into a
struggle for power. The state, that
guardian angel of capitalist interest, invariably comes to the rescue
of tho exploiters. A party of
action makes this situatfon clear
to the workers, but still more important, prepares them to meet it,
though the spocific steps proposed
in any given situation must be dependent upon the revolutionary
spirit and the degree of class consciousness of tho workors and the
strength of the opposition.
Program   and   Slogans
Tho acceptance and application
of a correct program Is a necessary condition fur a party of aetion,
Unless a program is applied In
nction lt is plainly worthless, and
if a program cannot be'so applied
it Is actually harmful.
For Immediate problems a purty
ptits forwiH-d immediate Slogans.
In a revolutionary party the slogans must he calls to action. As
calls to action slogan's aim to secure a response from the working
,111-1 twos and must therefore bc ■ ails
lo immediate action. Through
these culls lei action the masses are
to bo organised and drawn Into the
struggle -.gainst the capitalist
,A party of action, must huve a
program which is a manual of
ftfttlon, calculated to secure the
response of the masses, to guide
thc formation of its plans and policies, both for Immediate tusks and
the ultimate goal. Such a program
cannot bristle with dogmas. Dog-
mastlsm ls the very anathema of
a revolutionary parly. Marxian
tactics are irreconcilable with dogmatism,
Members and Loaders
A fighting party must have a
membership and leadership that
sets the pace in courage and generalship in every phase of tho class
struggle. No task can be too difficult and no sacrifice can be too
groat for a momber of a purty ot
action, i
Wherever tho working masses
are found there tho members and
leaders of a lighting party must
be. They must lead thc workers
In every Held, industrial and politi
cal. Thoy must bo the shock troops
in tho battles of the workers. In
every strike thoy must bc tbe guiding nnd unifying force. In Parliament or In municipal offices, the
representatives of a party of action
must openly champion the needs
of the mosses, and fearlessly mini usk the capitalist dictatorship.
Such a party must have the connV
through actual experience ef tta
Adfaawe aad Retreat
Politics te essentially a fetm ef
war. A strategy la therefore of
paramount importance. A party of
action is In reality a fighting army.
and liko all armies must learn te
retreat as well aa advance. A party
that unfiles and leads the working-
class in Its struggles agalnat capitalism must be prepared to avoid
battle when unprepared, for te flght
under conditions chosen by the enemy ls often to play into the enemy's hands and lose the organisation.
On Guard
A party of action must at no
time have aa ita slogan "All or
Nothing." A revolutionary party
fights for all it om get at eaeh turn
of the struggle, Thla may even
necessitate alliance with ether
working class organisations for the
realisation of an Immediate specific task. Such alliances terminate
with ths achievement of the end
Involved. In alt such alliances a
revolutionary party must secure
the dominating Influence. They,
therefore, entail no sacrifice to
principles, but they actually make
for the acceptance of the party
und Its program by the masses of
the workers. Success ta
tactics presupposes that the party
of action Is devoting Its organisational energy ud machinery to
planning ways and meana of directing the struggle on all fronts and
winnings the masses. The party
must make Its influence felt m alt
trade union activities. Having ne
interests other than those of tha
whole working claas it must give
itslof over to guarding the workers'
interests. And this can only be
achieved through the use of tbe
proletarian organisations. Every
member of a party of action must,
if eligible, be a member of a labor
union. More than that, he must
participate In every phase of labor
union activity. Finally a party of
action must be strictly centralized
and well disciplined if lt la to unify
tho masses and lead them In their
The Way-Out
The party of action must be a
national political rallying center
for the discontented workers. It
must unify, all the rebels.   Now in
We Take This Opportunity
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer
and Retailer
Vancouver, B. C
an bwinniwr ton. that tho way.
out lta. not in dMtroylni! esUttni
later unlona and build new "Ideal
union." but In galvanising the '_«:-
isting man unlona Into lite. A
party of action must have an «-
action—A Workora" Party of Can-
the throes of disillusionment, they I ada. 	
tenalva system of nuclei permeat- ^,-e mUit .trlve to Imprest tha mass
ing ltw revolutionary strata ot the
worksrs and winning them. Ver
this end a lighting press is an absolute necessity, which will devote
itself to the problems with whieh
ths working class Is most nearly
concorned, and point the way out
The KeedM- the Hour
The need ot tht hour for the
Canadian working class Is the organisation   of   such   a   party   of
,(By H. M. Bartholomew)
THE class struggle, based upon
the class ownership ot the
means of wealth production,
has become intensified during the
last few years. The Great War,
followed by the tremendous collapse of international finance and
the world-wide depression of trade
has' made more bitter (and brutal)
that struggle between the capitalists and the workers for political
Moreover, the heroic flght of our
Russian comrades against fearful
odds has brought the question of
tactics to the forefront. Out of the
crucible of action there comes experiences from which we learn our
mistakes and gain new viewpoints.
Everywhere there Is going on
this discussion concerning tactics.
What must we do? How shall we
act? What weapons shall we employ? These, and a host of similar
questions, crowd the minds of the
revolutionists in all countries.
Mucii nonsense has been penned
upon this question. And what ls
much more serious, thoro have
been many attempts to carry these
futile tactics Into practice. The almost romantic history of the Boi*.
shevlsts in Russia seems to have
turned the heads of many of our
revolutionary tacticians with tho
result that they have tried to copy
Bolshevist's tactics in spirit and in
letter, have become romantic, havo
strlved for the melo-dramatlc—
and have made themselves generally ridiculous.
How to arrive at a basis for
tactics? That is a question which
haa been Ignored by these romantic tacticians!
To any Marxist, with the
materialist conception of history as
his guide, there can be no great
difficulty in a clear answer to this
all-important question. That guide
tells us that the political, religious
and social Idens prevailing are the
reflex of the mannor In which men
gain their livelihood In any particular system of society, and yot
thero are many in our ranks who
seem to have forgotten this cardinal principle!
In thc first place, It must be
stated, thut there can be no hard-
and-fast line of tactics. Thoso Who
say thut we must adopt thts line
bf procedure or tlmt (without regnrd to tho condlilons prevailing)
are a grave menace to the rising
proletarlnn movement.
Wo are engaged lu a struggle for
political powor. It Is a flght between classes for supremacy. THIS
Imagine, comrades, a genernl
who was leading his troops against
a fortress. According to some of
our "strlct-to-the-letter" romanticists, ho would be wise to follow
a certain plan of attack—and, on
no consideration, employ any other
Put yourself In the position of
that general! It Is your business
to capture that fortress. What
would you do? You would flnd
out the "line of loast resistance,"
study the position of your enemy's
artillery, ascertain the location of
his arsenals, try to know the weak
poln.s In his defense. In other
words, you would study the conditions prevailing and base your
attack upon your conclusions. To
do anything else would be to court
If your'attack fallod In ono direction then you would study the
situation afresh with the end ln
view of profltting by your .failure.
You would not hesitate to employ all pOHHlble weapons and use
ovory opportunity. Not to do so
would bo criminal, nnd would HpelV
failure and tremendous losses to
your side.
The same applies   to   the   clai
struggle.   You miint study the con-
f ditions prevailing and base your
actions accordingly. That way sue-
cess lies.
There are many earnest worken
In the ranks of the proletariat who
pin their faith to strikes, and
would employ no other weapons.
They are opposed to Parliamentary
action and openly preach anti-
'These comradea forget that they
are engaged ln a struggle for political power and that there are considerable advantagea to be secured
by participation la parliamentary
institutions. The experiences of
Liebknecht and Luxenburg should
demonstrate thta te all those who
are not blind to the facts.
We do not claim that the workers can emancipate themselves
through parliamentary Institutions.
But we do say that It ia a weapon
whloh must be employed by the
working-class tn the struggle for
political supremacy. Said Zlnoviev,
to the I. W. W. In 1920:
"These arc all cases of using the
political machinery of the capitalist stato to make revolutionary
propaganda among tho masses.
This method of propaganda should
be used as circumstances dictate—
as should parliamentary action. No
weapon should be totally condemned."
It is impossible to lay down a
certain plan of attack which must
bo followed under all circumstances. That way lies continued
failure. Revolutions do not come
according to plan and work
according to schedule.    The logic
of circumstances sends to the
winds the logical conclusions off
the best tactician whea he begins
to worship the absolute-
There la another point, .here, vv
would do well to heed. At all timet
of the workers with our propaganda, and with our actions. The
high-browed Marxist, with hli
doctrine of no-compromise under
any circumstances, and who hi
afraid that hla hlgh-prleetly skirt*
will be denied by the average
"plug"—such ones must go! Ther
have hindered the movement off
the workera and have held up *•
Everywhere must we gain the
ear of the masses, and strive t*
guide thetr atruggle along the correct channels. "The emancipation
of the working-class la Ute task ef
the working-class Itself/'
The workers, assisted by thow
who have the materialist conception of history as thetr guide, -wiU
learn muoh from the experiences
of that class struggle. Their
efforts must be guided, aa much as
possible, by those who understand,
that there can be no emanclpatloa
from wage-slavery ae long as capital ism continues.
Here, then Is the buls for our
future tactics. Changing conditions
will necessitate, new tactics. There
must be intelligent analysis of conditions aa they arise, aad the de*
vising of the beBt meana whicli
wtll suit thoee condltlona. Host important of all must we not forget
that the masses must be won over
to the Communist position.
Every reader of The Federationist eaa render valuable assistance by renewing thetr aubectip-
tions as aooa aa they are due, aai
and by inducing another worker ts
subscribe. It does aot take muck
effort to do thla.   Try lt
We nuke Ladies' Garments
Right Here in Vaneonver
—the equal ln atyle and smart*
nose of any offered la Oaaada.
Sons. Drtisei, Costs, ste.—tke
latest styles—tk* imuUrt aiodiU—la
ilt the aew shadts—ceaplsts Hast
tor your eheoolag.
Wo offer Mow fuaoeti lower thoa
olMwbsn became wo iosl direct—
eliminate ill th* mlddltaea'i proflti.
Cloak A Snit Oo.
t23  HASTINOS  ST..  U.S.  Or__.__s
Our Ovens and
Electrical treatments art highly recommended
for rheumatism,
neuritis, sciatica, stiff
Joints, poor circulation and
gcnural debility.
■IM Richards St
Open evenings
NOTICE ii hereby given that io accordance with the pro.
visions of the "Highway Act Amendment Acts, 1920 and 1921,*
tho Rule of the Road on and after
JANUARY 1st, 1922, IS:-»
[When overtaking nny vehicle going in thc same directum
pass to the left (except stroct-cars).]
All persons in charge of vehicles on any highway within tkt
Province will please govern themselves accordingly.
By Order.
Department of Pubic Works,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. .J- H. KING,
December 1st, 1D21 Minister of Public World. BKjfKHJB
..beeember It, 11
HERE'S » wain, comfort-
able and serviceable coat
that will make yon laugh at
ths weather. In grey friezei
•nd a variety of colors and pat.
terns in tweeds. Ton may have
one lined, with bolt and big
shawl collar, aa shown in the
•ketch, with patch pocketa or
with slash pookets and loose
style—both single and double-
breasted models. Sleeves either
raglan or set-in, and either full
lined or skeleton lined, with
piped seams. Wonderful overcoat value at $30 and more.
Send In your mall orders
with measurement o f
chest, sleeve and height-
All ordera eent express
prepaid on receipt of
price, and guaranteed.
*YottrmoMy$ worth or your monmy back
One dollar and fifty centa ia the
eost for a six montha subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Be sure to notify the post offloe
as soon aa you change your address.
Vancouver Unions
COUNOIL—Preiident, R. W. Hotley;
■osNtary, J. 0. Smith. MeeU Ird Wed-
aoodsy eoek month in tho Fender Hall,
•oner ol Ponder and Howo streeta.
Phono  8*7. 291.
oil—HeeU    Meant.    Monday    In    the
month.    Preildent,  J.  R. White;  secre*
tery, R. H. Noolondi, P. 0. Boi 88.
seed brlehloyoro or muoni fur boiler
worki,   etc.,   or  morble   letton,   phono
Brlohiayon' Union, Lobor Temple.
Canadian national union of ex-
SERVICE Dion meets second snd
foarth Wednesdays of osoh monthr st fli
OoTdoYo St W-, at • p.m. Jas. fornhtm,
0. B. U.—Preildent, H. Grand; secretory, 0. 0. Millor. MeeU 2nd and 4th
Wedneiday ta oach month in Pender Hall,
•oner of Poador and Howe Stroeti.
Phono' Soymoar Ml.
' Auoolatloa, Looal SB-sa—Offlco and
hsll, 169 Cordova St. W. Meete tret
aad third Mdsyo, I p.m. SecreUry.
ftroaisrer, T. Nixon j bulnooi if ent, P.
Lumber   workers*   industrial
UNION OP CANADA—An Induitrlal anion of all workers la »r
eif aad •oaatraottoa oampa. Coaot DU-
et and General Hiodouarters, 01 Cordora St. W- TaaooaTOf, B. 0. Phono Bey,
VS66. J. M. Clarko, central ii-eretary-
troaiirer; legal adrlion, Meun. Blrct,
Vacdonald A Co, VaneouTor, B. Cj aadi-
Ion,  Uoain. Baiter * Chleno, Vanron-
, B. 0.
B. 0.—Forsurly Firemen and Oilers'
Union of Britlah Columbia—Meeting
atfht, flrat and third Wedneiday of eaeh
■sooth at 108 Main Streot. Preaident,
Dan Csrltn; rloo-proiident, J. Whiting;
secretary-treasurer, W. Donaldson. Address, 108 Main Stroot, Vancouver, B. 0.
Vietoria Branch Agent's address. W.
grands, SBT Johnson St/, Victoria, B. C
rotors and Paper&angers   of  America,
Local  188,  Vancourer—MeeU  Snd and
«i Thursdays at 148 Corddva Bt. W.
ono Bey. 8491.  Soilness agont, ft. A
on Bridgemen, Derrtektnon and Riggers
ef Vancouver and vicinity. Moots oven
Monday, 8 turn., la 0. fl. U. Hall, 804
Bonder Bt. W. Pnaldent, W. Tucker;
flnanolal aecreUry and bnslneia agent, 0.
Anderson.    Phono  Seymour  291.
Bow Westminster, meets every flrst and
third Friday in tho Labor Temple, Royal
Avenue and 7th Stroet,    Engineers sup-
Sited.    Address   Seeretsry,   1040  Hamil*
m   Street,   Now   Westminster,    B.   0.
Phono 603Y.
Employeos, Pioneer Division, No- 101
—Meeta A. 0. t. Hall, Mount Pleasant
Sat and Srd Mondaya at lO.ls a.m. and
wm. President, P. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording-secretary, F. _. Grlflln,
447—6th Avenue East; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; financial-secretary and busl-
aess agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dura-
fries Btreet; offlco eorner Prior and Mala
""     Phono Fair 8804R.
Meets last Snnday of eaeh montb at
I p.m. President, 0. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Gough; secretary-
treasurer, R, H. Neelands, Box 00,
B. C, meots every Tueaday evening
at 8 p.m. in the 0. B. U. Hall, f)4 Pender St. W. SecreUry, E. Horsburgb, Ponder Hill.
aer tun.
of  tho 0.  B,  U.  meoti   on  the  third
Wedneaday of overy montb.    Everybody
Welcome.     ""
Provincial Unions
ud Labor Counoll—Meeta flrat sad
third Wednesdays, Knlgbu of Pythlai
Ball, North Park Street, at • p.m. President, C. Siverts; vlce-prealdent, R. Elliott; aeeretary-treaiurer, E. 8. Woodward, P. 0. Bor 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Council, 0. B. U.' Branches; Prince
Bupert Dlitrlet Flsberies Board, O.B.U.;
Metslii-erous 'Miners' District Board,
O.B.U. Becreary-treasurer, P, 0. Box
S17, Prince Rupert,
A business meeting of the Junior
Labor League will be held tonight
(Friday) at 929 Eleventh avenue
east. All memberB are urged to
attend, as important matters are
to be brought up, and as invitation
Is extended to any interested young
person to be present.
The scheduled football match
with Beaconsfl-ld was not played
last Saturday; but in a friendly
game on the same day, the Spartacans defeated the above-mentioned
team by a sdore of 8 to 2. On
Christmas Day, ln an exhibition
game at Robson Park, the Spartacans were successful in vanquishing Mount Pleasant Methodists by
four goals to two. Tomorrow they
meet B.eaconsfleld at Heather street
park (corner Seventeenth and Hea-.
ther street) at 2:80 p.m, '
The Christmas eve social held by
the J. L. L. ln the F. L. P. hall, was
a decided success; so much so that
an affair of the same sort will be
given In the same hall on New
Tear's eve. All are Invited to come
and Join ln a good timo.
On Friday, Jan. 6, an educational
meeting of the League will be held
at 929 Eleventh avenue east. A
debate of timely Interest will comprise the programme. Thoee wishing further Information regarding
the League may obtain It by phon-
Ing Fair. 1610, or Fair. 8040.
Solicits Your Patronage
O. Henson. Prop,, 50 Cordova W.
Eureka Tea Co.
Fresh B-_sted Ooffet Dally
Ties sad Oetee 0 lbi. for 81 tnd up.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanipractio Physician
Twelve years' experience.
Thousands   of   satisfied
Specialist in alt forms of
acute chronic diseases, deformities.
Hours;   Dally, 1-5
Hon., Wed., IM., 1-8
Seymour 8533
San Franeiaco.—The Rank and
File Federation of Workers Is
favorably considering a proposal to
join with the United Labor Council
of New Tork, with an exchange of
working cards between the two organizations.
Red Blhff, Cal.—Farmers here
have established a new wage scale
of $1.50 a day and board for long-
line horse drivers; $1.26 and board
for two-horse drivers and general
farm laborers, and $4.60 and board
for tractor drivers.
Due to the efforts of the active
workers In Prince Rupert, the City
Council has decided to provide
work for the unemployed, during
the winter months.
Married men, irrespective of the
number of dependents, are to work
Ave and a half days per week of 6
hours per day. Single men are to
work three days oue week and two
and a half the second week; ln
other words, the single men are to
work half-time, and the married
men full Ume on a six-hour day
basis. The wages to be paid are
60c per hour.
Oklahoma City.—H. R. Wander-
ling, private dectective, has pronr-
ised to quit the city and cease his
activities for the packers here, following the announced revocation
of his police commission by Mayor
J. C. Walton. He had been charged
with attempting to recruit and convey strikebreakers to the plants,
using his commission as a cover
for his activities for the private
detective agency the packers employed. Wander ling, in announcing hiB intention, remarked that
he had not received "very impartial treatment" from the strikers.
Paris.—The Loft Wing Union in
the French General Confederation
of Labor summoned an extraordinary congress, which met in Paris
over the Christmas holidays, for
the purpose of protesting against
the expulsion of those members
and unions which favor revolutionary methods. It is unlikely that
those unions which support the reformist policy of the present executive body will send delegates, but
the assembly will have a considerable importance in view of the impending break-up of the French
Trade Union movement Into two
distinct and mutually hostile organizations.
(By the Federated Press)
San Francisco—Thos. O'Malley,
a Sign painter, had been out of a
Job for seven months. His deaf
mute wife and his three little boys
were hungry.   So (VMalley, In des-
Feel   That   Efforts   to
Smash Unions Are
/ Unemployment Is Being
Used to Bring: Down
Seafarers' Wages
(By,John Nicholas Beffel)  '
'Federated Press Staff Correspon
(This la one of several articles
'rom Boston on conditions ln tho
anks of marine workers.)
Ont ont the above, fill in the amount yon are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with yonr contribution to the B. 0, Federationist,
ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vanoouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defenie ot the paper is to be
Previously acknowledged _IT_I.IT  Chaa. Samek ______
W. A. Btrutt      I._t
_  i>-_w_   •    a,vv
Per W. J. Curry, proceeds
from lecture     11.00
A. Young           i.tO
Local  Equity 8.  P. of
Lead P. O., Alta
R. Beltusb       ■
C. I_ Taylor .______.
When and How Life Began on Earth
THIS was the subject last Wednesday evening in the F. L. P.
.   Hall.
Dr. Curry presented the greatest
scientific authorities on the subject
of the origin of life, and took the
materialistic position. Here the,
materialist and deist part company.
The former believes that matter
under right conditions unites chemically in greater and greater aggregations and through power of this!
co-operation will in time display-
properties we term life. From
simple to complex Is the way.
The Deist or metaphysician says
that while matter possesses many'
great and mysterious qualities, yet
it Is the product of the eternal:
mind, and the passing from inorganic matter to living forms is the:
exclusive work of Ood.
He says that although the chem-!
1st can do great things in combining or decomposing forms of matter, he cannot produce life, and
there are too many "missing links."
The people with the Qod idea
also tell us that between the ape-
brain and that of the most degraded savage there Is an impassable
gulf which only Divinity can bridge.
Now, if this Is true, these "impassable stages" between dead matter and protoplasm, the first form
of life cannot yet be bridged by
experiment. Science admits mysteries on all sides, some of which
will never be solved, yet science is
but a child of yesterday, and millions of facts are already registered and are the products, not of
priests and blind faith, but of generations of patient study and toll,
on the part of men setting only the
truth. These facts point more definitely every day to the idea of law
and unity in nature, and more and
more clearly to. the Idea that accounting for what we do not understand through the intervention
of gods or devils, whether small or
large, is a relic of superstition, and
are but the ideas or our savage ancestors.
Dr. Curry showed that the" great
scientists of the age, men like Darwin, Huxley, Tyfidall, Coldd" Sponcer, believed that evolution, with
out the help of mind separate from
matter Is capable of changing simple elements into all forms of life,
and ls capable of changing the energy Inseparable from matter under
right conditions Into the highest
manifestations of mentality, and
that "mind is a product of matter."
The materialist claims that postulating the Divine mind as a cause
does not lessen the problems, but
on the other hand, adds to the
Where Is the mind separate from
brain or lifting forms of "matter?
And echo ansmers where?
The speaker showed that life began on earth fn the Water, and*
that water of the right temperature containing elements In solution through forces of chemical
affinity, would form life and that
this* process termed "spontaneous
generation" Is no doubt proceeding
constantly in the depths of the
From the bottom of the Mediterranean, Hackel, the great biologist,
drew up masses of crude, sticky,
Jelly-like matter without form
which he termed "Monores." This
moved and absorbed matter, but
waa only a chemical combination
of water, carbon, nitrogen and
other elementary substances contained in life forms.
The Amooba, the lowest form of
living organism known, was shown
on the screen. This ls microscopic
In size, a one-celled animal, and
yet all forms of life from the lowest to man, begin their development from this stage.
Many questions were asked the
speaker, and a most interesting
discussion took place on this great
problem of how life started,
'Evolution Proved by Rocka*
will be the next subject, and many
most Illuminating illustrations of
foBc-I! remains will be shown. Tho
second Wednesday of January will
be the date of next study. Every
Wednesday except the 1st of the
month, these meetings are held.
peratlon, broke Into a near-by second hand clothing store. He was
caught and shot dead by a policeman. Investigators found the
whole family had been living In one
small room wtih a packing box for
the children's bed. An egg and a
sweet potato were all the food the
"home" contained when the Ill-fated father, unable to flnd work, tried
to turn burglar for his children's
Five wagons of flour nnd whent,
whtch was bought with the contributions of the Finnish workers,
have arrived in Petersburg for the
Red Cross from Finland.—Rosta
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—Within three hours
after orders were posted at the
Brooklyn Navy Yard that any enlistment might be cancelled by
resignation, naval officers In
charge were literally swamped
with resignations coming from enlisted men In all classes of the service—and this despite the unemployment situation, which is worso
here than it ever has been aince
the panic' of 1893.
The order is said to have been
issued as a result of the failure of
Congress to. appropriate sufficient
funds to maintain the navy as its
present strength. It provides for
a reduction of approximately 6,000
men, 2,200 of whom will be taken
from  the Atlantic fleet,
'A remarkoblo book by a remarktible man."—Tho Frcetliinkcr.
Analyzed and Cmitrnsteil from the Marxian
■nd Darwinian Points of Viow. By Bishop
William Montgomery Brown, D.D, Ita Bold
Recommendation*!: Banish tho Gods from tho
Sklos and Capitalist* (rom the Earth and
make the World pnfn for Industrial Com*
innnl.m. Piil.lishpd, October,  1020.
Seventy-Fifth Thousand now ready. Pp. 224.
Cloth Edition, De Luxe, $1.00. Hiis whole edition of 2,000
copies Is a Christmas gift to thc sufferers by famine in Russia.
Every copy sold means a whole dollnr to them and much education to tlio buyer.
"Onu of the most extraordinary and annihilating booka I ba~e ever read.
It will shako the country."—The Appeal to Renson.
New Piper Edition,  25,000  copies,  artistic design,  vory  beautiful,  one
copy 25 cents, six, $1.00.    Send $3.00 for twenty-fivo copies for Christmaa
THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST, LTD., 842 Pender St. W., Vucouver, B.C.
"It will do __ wonderful work'in thla the greateat crisis ln all history."—Truth.
Boston, Mass.—To that aeotlon of
he publie sympathetic with the
•fforts of workers to obtain a liv
ng wage, there Is a hopeful sign ln
he headline: "Ship Engineers' Pay
and Hours to Stay Same," followed
by the news that the United States
Shipping Board has announced
that wages and working hours now
In effect on Its vessels will be continued Indefinitely after Dec. 81,
when the present agreement expires,
But with thousands of marine
workers Jobless in the ports of the
United States, that news means little or nothing. For the seamen of
the so-called American merchant
marine know that the Shipping
Board vessels aPe only a small percentage of the total plying the
oceans. And they have reason to
believe that the board ls dimply
holding off until It learns what the
members of the American Steamship Owners Association do on the
wage question. That organization
has indicated in one way or another that It expects to make another cut on Jan. 1.
Here In Boston seafarers with
Jobs and without them resent bitterly the attitude of the Shipping
Board toward the workers. They
remember that the board was organized ostensibly to create opportunities for young Americans on
the oceans of the world as well as
te promote trade far and wide for
ships flying their codntry's flag.
"But at every turn we find the
board helping to emash our
unions," they tell you. Their
grouch Is deep, and lt includes
every branch of the craft—deckhands, engineers, oilers, wipers,
firemen, trimmers, water tenders,
cooks, stewards and messmen.
Up in the'rooms of the Eastern
and Gulf Seamen's Union a veteran
suoke plainly to me about the federal government's part in tho conflict between the ship owners and
the workers. The government's
part has been represented as "paternal sponsorship." But this man
called it "interference." It was, he
declared, Interference ln behalf of
the owners. He was well educated
widely read, a keen observer.
He had been on the seas 25 years
an American citizen, on the decks
of many ships, well fed and badly
fed, and he was active in last sum.
mer's strike against the 16 per cent,
wage cut ordered In May by the
Shipping Board and the private
shippers. The Btrike was lost, and
his wage went down. His Bhlp was
laid up, and he found another, owned by a coal company, with wages
still less. And now he had no Job
at all with which to support his
"When the strike was on," he
sent out many ships manned by
acab labor. The board and the
owners presented a united front tn
break ing-our lines. All the devices
that brought the white collared
boys onto the ships during the war
"sod again to make strike-
bmvkors of them—the ory of 'American youths for American ships,'
the promise of romance and ad-
Men's Dress
Men's Dress Boots, in black or brown;
Goodyear welted; all sizes gg «^
and shapes. A special price. «pd*vU
. The Men'i and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
Odd sizes and patterns to clean np before the year end.
Some of them are values as high at $35.  Styles are right,
colors are right.  Not a dead one in the
bunch.   To clear 	
DY   \_f\(\Y ITFl   137 Hastings Street W
• Wt D\}\}\\ LlUe      Vanoouver, B. 0.
venture around the world, the promise of opportunity to rise.
"All of those promises are a hollow mockery, now. Things never
looked worse In our game. Wages
have bcen cut 35 to 50 per cent, on
many lines since May, 1920/. Thousands of maritime workers are Idle
and most of them will take any
kind of a job anywhere at any
wage. They've got to eat somehow, they've got families to support, and hunger and thought of
their wives and children going hungry Anally tears down the strongest wall of determination to resist
the slavers.
"Here is President Harding advocating government control of Labor unions. Here ls the Shipping
Board aiding the private employers
at Pensacola to force down the
wages of stevedores. And look at
these newspaper clippings."
He exhibited a news story from
the Boston Transcript under a Havana date line telling of the flght
of the shipping interests, there to
wreck the Stevedores' Federation.
In it was this paragraph:
"With 100,000 unemployed willing to work for mere subsistence,
the government seems to recognize
the advisability of backing up the
shippers in their fight against the
Inordinate labor union demands."
The other clipping was from an
Albany dally. It was a brief announcement that recent decisions
of the United States Supreme Court
and the New Tork State Court of
Appeals had deprived 60,000 marl-
time workers, stevedores, longshoremen and others of any protection under the New York State
Workmen's Compansatlon law.
"What will be the outcome of all
these things?" I asked the seafarer.      »
He shook his head sadly. "Tou
know what President Taft said
When he was asked how he would
solve the problem of the unemplo;
ed—'God knows, I don't'!"
Socialist Split   ,
The Winnipeg Local No. 3, of tl
Socialist Party of Canada has bra)
en away from the Dominion exevi
tive. This action was decided t
at a meeting held on. Wednesdt
evening. Provisional organisatlc
of a Workers Party has been mad
In the first half of Novembe
12,000 workere with (000 depei
dents, were evacuated from tt
Volga district.—Rosta Wlen.'
The Psychology
of Marxian
(By H. Rahim)
A work that all students
•hould read. Can be obtained
from the
B. 0. Federationist, Ltd.
Price SOe Per Copy, Post Paid
The Oliver Room?
Everything Modem |
Bates Reasonable
20,000,000 Famine Stricken People in
Russia are Grappling With Death
We Eat, but on the Volga
Hunger Front Millions of
Men and Women and Children are Dying of Hunger.
Your Duty is.
We are Dressed, but on tha
Volga People Cover Their
Naked and Exhausted
Bodies with Bags.
Your Duty is:
**miwtm*iwtaM«.mwwiiiiti   j
Food-Clothing-Medicines Campaign
Hush a Parcel to the
Canadian Famine Relief Committee (or the Drought Stricken ia SbvieUtussia
:..,:.;;. ^-v.-;.-.- '    „    _. _^< __


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