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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 11, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Bolsheviki Were Supplied With Supplies by British
and Opposition Forces—Counter-Revolutionists
Destroyed All Before Them—A Class (Not
Individual) Dictatorship Is Established
SPEAKING under the auspices
of the Lumberworkers Union
on Bunday afternoon last, W.
W. Lefeaux gave an interesting account of conditions aa he
■aw them personally in Soviet
Russia, He commenced hla ad
Areas with a brief resume of
tbe Winnipeg Appeal caae, arising
out of the so-called Soviet trials ln
that city some eighteen months
•go, and explaining to his audience
the necessity of raisin* funds for
the defense of membera of the
working class in Canada, who were
continually being arrested for purposes of deportation, charged with
Stirring up class hatred or some
■uch pretext. What they are
really guilty of la pointing out to
thetr fellow workerB the class
character of modern industrial soolety. They are not trying to stir
up or produce the class war, but
are simply trying to wake up thetr
fellow workera to the class basis
of society. It ls the same question all over the world. Our fellow workers ln Russia have faced
lt on a big Beale. Here and there
In Canada one or two of our fellow workers are getting up against
It. We are not doing very much In
connection with this class question. "I often felt ashamed tn
Moscow that I was from Canada,
and America—that I was an Englishman; that my fellow workers
■were undoubtedly  reBponlsble  for
Workers Should Hear
Him on Conditions in
Soviet Russia
Isaac McBride concluded his visit to Vancouver on Tuesday last,
and lfi now on hiB way east. His
work on the coast ln raising funds
for the Soviet Russia Medical Relief committee was very effective
and at every meeting many were
turned away, and in Vancouver
overflow meetings wore held. McBride's itinerary is as follows: February 10, Nelson; 11, Fernle; 13,
Michel; 14, Coleman; 16, Taber; 17,
Medicine Hat; 18, Swift Current;
20, Saskatoon; 21, Perdue; 23, Reglna; 25, Brandon; 26, Transcona,
and at Winnipeg on the 27th.
The workers in the several localities which McBride will visit
should take the opportunity of
hearing from the lips of a man who
has been there, thc true conditions
that prevail in Soviet Jtussla. McBride Is a forceful and eloquent
epeakcr, and does not deal wtth his
subject from a propaganda viewpoint, but from tho stand that medical aid Ib needed und his presentation of the case is freo from bius
and all attempts to carry on Socialist propaganda work.
what I saw In Russia," deolared
tho speaker,
"I do not mean to aay I went
Into Russia as an absolutely unbiassed spectator. I went to flnd
out what the conditions were from
the point of view of a man who
did an honest days work when he
had the opportunity to get work."
NeedleBs to say the speaker was
warned by those who had been
told by sdmebody else what terrible
dangers he was running into by
venturing into the land ruled by
the bloodthirsty Bolsheviki. Going
ln on a purely personal Introduction, the speaker pointed out he
was not shepherded or guided to
show places. "When I got to
Moscow I found nobody knew I
was coming."
Before leaving the Scandinavian
ports for Russia, the speaker had
been able to get the newspaper reports interpreted to him, and had
of course learned that the source
of Russian news waa from inspired
refugees living ln Paris and other
continental cities, who had been
doing nothing during the last two
or three years but brood over their
fallen fortunes and invent stories
of the awful Bolsheviks in Russia.
Not Puritans
"I am not going to try. and make
out that the Bolsheviks are a bunch
of puritanical angels or anything
of that kind. They don't pretend
to be. There has been lots of
poople who have got *hurt In the
revolution, who should not have
been hurt." However, the Bolsheviks are quite willing to admit
they have made mistakes, lots of
them, but they say—when your
workerB are compelled to take
over the situation, you wtll be able
to profit by some of the mistakes
we havo made.
The Baltic provinces being somewhat under the supervision of tho
British, a card index of undesirables likely to apply for passports
for Soviot Russia is kept handy
and they go through the lists very
About the flrst thing Jhe speaker
(Continued on page 8)
Vancouver Mill Owners
Are Slashing at Working Conditions
South Wellington Workers Make Protest
At a mass meeting of the unemployed, held ln Richards Hall,
South Wellington, the following
resolution was passed unanimously:
Whereas the $3.50 per day paid
on the unemployed relief work Is
not a living wago, and,
Whereas the single men have
laid off and they all noed tho
means of livelihood and
Whereaa the standard of living
of the working claas is at all
times precarious onough without
the government setting a lower
scale of wages than those prevailing and assisting the C. P. R. to
procure workers from South Vancouver at this starvation wage,
he it
Resolved that we protest against
■uch action and demand employment for singlo men as well as
married men who are unable to get
work and the current wage
14.25 bo paid.
Arrangements   Made   to
Hold Another Meeting
on Sunday
In spite of the efforts that were
made by interested parties to have
tho mass meeting of the unenv
ployed called for last Sunday af>
ternoon on the Cambie street
grounds cancelled, the meeting was
held according to schedule. J.
Kavanagh und T. O'Connor spoko
and judging from the attitude of
the audience their remarks were
well received.
The new committee that was appointed last Sunday consists of
members of tho various organizations, soldier clubs and the South
Vancouver unemployed. Arrangements have been made to hold
another meeting on Sunday next,
the 13th, at 3 p.m. The Vancouver
unemployed will meet at the Returned Soldiers' club and march to
the city hall. The South Vanoouver unemployed will assemble at
Kingsway and Broadway and
march into the city, and meet the
city workless at the city hall, and
the combined unemployed will then
march to the Cambie street
grounds. Several speakers will address the gathering, and employed
as well as unemployed arp invited
to attend.
Unemployed Army Still
increasing  and  No
Hope in Sight
The outlook of the unemployed
In British Columbia Is still desperate. More are being added to
their ranks and all the relief
schemes only touoh a small percentage of those affected. The big
government dock, heralded many
months ago, and since then used as
a spark of hope to the unemployed,
has not yet been started. The why
and the wherefor can only be obtained from the mass of red tape
dealing with the project.
And ln the meantime employers
are again coming to the front,
with not only a reduction in wages
but also an increase ln hours.
Lumber mills of Vancouver allege
that their employees have accepted
the wage cut and a ten-hour day,
which Is to go into effect next
Monday, but the ten-hour stunt did
not meet with their approval. Of
course this is the method adopted
to got the feeling of the employees
on the matter, but from all appearances the companies aro not
going to get away with lt.
Ten-Hour Drudgery
The ten-hour day, especially in
lumber mills, Is nothing but absolute drudgery, and with lumber
yards stacked high with lumber,
there Ib no reason in the world for
it. The long hours are to be in'
troduced to offset the cut in
wages, whtch are to be reduced to
35 cents an hour. The cost of living has not gone down sufficient to
warrant this reduction, hence the
longer hours to meet the argument.
Unemployed Must Help
This wage reduction and increased working hours muBt be
combatted at all costs by both
workers and unemployed. Once
the employers get a lead on the
workers, It will not be long before
every wage worker feels the detrimental effect, and it will be harder
to remedy then, than to resist
The first to feel the effoct of the
present wage-cutting campulgn ure
the unorganized workera or poorly
organized unlona. During the past
few years wages have ris^n, but
this rise has only averaged 55 per
cent., while at the Bame time prices
havo risen 212 per cent. Hence
wages have not been a great factor In increasing prices, but the
powers that be would try to gull
the public by suggesting that If
wages are reduced prices will fall.
As a matter of fact, raw material
(Continued on Page 8)
Murder Communist Who
Refused to Give Report
*']■_. of Meetings
i      (By the Federated Praia)
V Hamburg'-» Paul  Hoffmann,
teadlsi Communist of Flenaburg,
tine murdered the night of Dec. 28-
. . by White Guard*, lays a report
Jutt received (rom that city.   It la
Men Offeerd 45 Cents an
Hour for Dangerous
Unhealthy Work
Misleading reports regarding the
•trlke: of the tunnel gang at
Glacier have appeared In the dally
press recently. These men are resisting a wage eut and word juat
received from them Indicates that
they are still solid.  The oontraotor^^iid'ttaVfolloWlng" the fafhire
._ ... ..„. .„ ,„„. .j™. o^mepynemsd **»l Beiohert to In-
duoe Hoffmann to give him ■'eporta
of Communist meetings, the letter's
home was invaded by a number ot
Security Police, led by the spy, and
Hoffmann wu taken to the bar-
In attempting to take advantage of
the unemployment situation, posted notices to the effect that
wages would be reduced on February 1. In order to resist this a
meeting of the. employees was call
ed and all of them attended and racks. • The   next   morning   Mrs.
passed   a   resolution    protesting; Hoffmann was called to the bar-
agalnat the cut and a committee Tacks to see the body of her hu»
wae appointed to   interview   the bend,
superintendent.   Not obtaining any     Major Plueskow, the leader of the
satisfaction tho men decided not
to go to work until a settlement
had been made. The company
then tried to stampede the men by
posting a notice to the effect that
all employees refusing the new
scale could call for their time. The
men, however, decided to stand
pat, and are ln that position today,
The highest wage ottered to the
men 1b 76 cents for mechanics,
which the daily press reported as
the minimum. The rniftlmum,
however, offered by the company,
for work that ls not only hard, but
dangerous and unhealthy, covers
the greater number of the men,
and ls 45 oenta per hour for eight
and a half hours per day, which
for a day'a work will amount to
$3T.82. Out of this the company
deducts $1.11 for board and medical fee, leaving the men a balance
of $2.71. Quite a number of the
employees are married men who
have to send money home to their
wives and families, which In such
cases would be a hard job for them
to live on.
New consignment of "Prltchard'B
Address to the Jury," on sale at
.this office. Ten cents, postpaid.
Secretary   nnd  President  Receive
Gold Watches From Union for
Services Rendered
The Civic Employees Union of
Vancouver held a splendid smoker
In the F. L. P. hall last Friday.
The president and secretary were
surprised on this occasion by both
being presented with a valuable en
graved gold watch and chain in
esteem for services rendered,
James White, the president, is now
serving his third term, and Qeorge
Harrison, secretary-treasurer, le
filling bis eighth year. The chief
city engineer allowed the night men
of | off till 1 a.m. so that all the union
members could attend the smoker,
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
TUESDAY—Irish Self-Detcrmination League.
"WEDNESDAY—Trades and Labor Council.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers and Dance, 9 to 12.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12,
Harrington   Dealt  With
World-wide Unrest
Last Week
In spite of other attractions In
the city last Sunday night, a good
audience was present at the Empress. After a few introductory remarks by the chairman, the speaker of the evening, Comrade J. Harrington, opened his address by
pointing out that experience was
the important factor in the process
of acquiring knowledge.
A child who had burnt its fingers, by touching a hot stovo, would
be careful of that stove in future,
although lt might bo cold, until
later*, by experience, tho child had
learnt to distinguish between hot
and cold stoves.
The conclusion of the Franco-
Prussian war ln 1871, which
brought a crushing defeat upon
France, waa followed by tho Im
position of a huge Indemnity upon
thut country by Germany. Con
trary to all predictions, this tremendous sum of money wus paid
by France in threo yearB, during
which time prosperity smiled upon
tho country. Germany, the victor,
experienced a condition of industrial dopresslon during the same
At the present time tho news-
p ipers are full of matter* rclatnlg
to the problem of how Germany
can be made to pay the huge Indemnity levied upon her by the Allied governments.
Tho human mind wus unable to
grasp the meaning of such a colossal sum of money, or how It could
be paid, without Inflicting Injury,
In the shape of industrial depression upon the different Allied
The speaker suggested the conscription of the wealth owned by
German capitalists, and tho setting of them to perform some useful and productive work; although
he knew that this course would
not be followed by tho Allies. For
private property is sacred, and
must not be menaed ln this manner. Capitalism is International,
und the confiscation of all thc
wealth owned by German capitalists would be dlstastrous to the
Allied countries.
A brief analysts of the basis of
capitalism would show that alt the
wealth produced goes to tho uwn-
(Contlnued on Page 6)
Says Unemployment Must
Approach  Gov't,  by
Regular Channels
The South Vancouver unemployed held a meeting In the Municipal
Hall on Friday lost, to discuss the
situation. Premier Oliver was Invited to address the meeting, but
did not accept the Invitation, stating he would address no unemployed meeting, and that If the unemployed wished to ommunlcate with
the government, they must do so
through the proper channels.
A communication was rocelyed
from Senator Robertson, Minister
of Labor, in reply to,a wire sent
to.him protesting agalnat the rate,
of pay offered by the C. P. R. on
land clearing. Senator Robertson
ln his reply, stated that he had no
detailed information, but that he
understood that the C. P. R. was
starting up land clearing that
would be unremuneratlve for the
company, and suggested ln effect
that the C. P. R. was doing this ln
order to relievo the unemployed
situation.  '
A motion was passed to thc effect that all possible data be supplied to the Bitting members of the
Provincial Legislature.
A further meeting will be held to>
night (Friday) at 7:30 p.m., in the
Municipal Hall, Forty-third avenue
and Fr'aser, when the situation as
affecting the unemployed will be
White Guards, tried to explain the
killing of Hoffmann by declaring
that he had knocked over a guartl
Who was taking htm to the court-
yard of the barracks ln an effort to
escape ,and had been shot after the
fuards had called "Halt" three
.times. The wounds tn Hoffmann's
ieck, however, clearly showed that
jihe shots had been flred at extremely close range, and his friends feel
sure that the Communist leader* was
deliberately murdered by the "upholders of law and order."
(Berlin dispatches told how seven
persons had been killed and 23
wounded in Flensberg when the
polled flred upon a crowd of Communists who were attempting to
storm the police headquarters following a demonstration In connection with the funeral of Paul Hoffmann, a Communist leader, shot
by the police a few days before
while "attempting to escape.")
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Restaurant Employees to
Have Dance and
Twenty-eight dances to the music of Garden's famous six-piece
orchestra, a big, tasty, well-chosen
supper prepared by Vancouver's
best chefs, and a real good sociable
time nro on the programme for
the annual informal supper and
dance which Is to be held in Lester Court, Monday evening, under
the auspiceB of the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees' Union, Local 28. The dav« commences at
9 p.m. and n\\l fontlnuc till 4 a.
in. Intermission iot supper will be
taken at 12 midnight and will continue for one hour. Tickets nre on
sale at all the leading restaurants
of the city. Couple, $3.50; extra
lady, $1.50.
IE! IN n
Twelve  Countries  Have
Announced Intention of
ijj Sending Delegates
(By tho Federated Press)
Berne—Socialist parties tn 12
countries have alr'eady announced
their intention to send delegates to
the convention scheduled to begin
In Vienna on Feh. 22, for the pur
pose of organizing an international
satisfactory to Socialist bodies that
have cut loose from the old Second
International and do not unconditionally accept the twenty-one
points of affiliation laid down by
the Third (Communist) International.
Thts was reported at a meeting
of the. organizing commission named at the Bertie conference of last
month, held in Insbruck Saturday,
Sunday and Monday. Those present at the meeting were Friedrich
Ad lor, of the Austrian Social Democratic Party; Geoffee Ledebour,
of the Independent Socialist Party
of Germany; Robert Grimm, of the
Swiss Social Democratic Party, and
R. C. Wallhead, of the Independent
Labor Party of Great Britain. The
French member of the commission
telegraphed that pressing organization work at home prevented him
from attending and ho reported
the Intention of the reorganized
Socialist Party of France to send
delegates to Vienna,
Tho decisions regarding the pro
gramme for the Vienna convention
worked out by the commission wtll
soon be sent out for publication in
the Socialist press of all countries.
Attack Now Being Made
on Railroad Unions
in Altoona
One Big Union
Out to Meet Attack
of Employers
Altoona, Pa.—The flght of the
railroad workers on tho Pennsylvania syatem against the policy of
union-smashing and wage-reduction whieh Vice-President W. W.
Atterbury of the Pennsylvania
Railroad announced when he
started for Chicago tb present the
side of the oompany to the United
States Bailway Labor p Board in
session there, Is centering round
A vigorous campaign is being
carried on here -by the One Big
Union, particularly among the
shopmen ln the P. R. R. shops
here, which are the largest'in the
country, employing at normal capacity 20,000 workers.
Daily meetings are being held
at shop gates, on the streets and In
the labor union halls and resistance
to Mr. Atterbury's policy _ Is the
sentiment expressed everywhere.
The 45,000 organized coal
miners In the surrounding district
are also preparing tor action
against the wage-cut which theat-
ena to take away from the miners
the concessions granted during
the war-time period.
Tho following letter sent out to
all bodies of organized labor in
the district indicates the line of
activity proposed by the One Big
"The Labor Movoment In America is facing the most serious
situation that haa ever arisen In
the long struggle of the working
clasa for economic freedom.
"The employing class has banded
together solidly in ONE BIG
UNION of the bosses to beat down
organized  labor into  serfdom.
The economic autocracy set up
country makes lt the Imperative
duty of all bodies of ORGANIZED
LABOR to band together and make
common cause in the struggle to
establish Industrial democracy.
"The wage-cut, open-shop cam
paign has reached the railroads
and the attack has already been
made here in Altoona as lt hus in
other places. The forces of tho
masters of industry are also being
marshalled against the miners and
wage reductions menace all the
workers in tho community.
Against this attack no sign of
resistance was seen until the ONE
BIG UNION Units in Altoona advanced to accept tho challenge of
W. W. ATTERBUUY and the
Pennsylvania Railroad.
"The flght ts on, but the workers
(Continued on page 8)
Man Who Sought to Expose Frame-ups Shows How
"Revolutionary Plots Are Hatching"—Bomb
Explosions Take on New Aspect in Light
\ of Evidence Sworn to
By Carroll Binder
(Federated Press Staff Corre
EW YORK.—Tho records of
Former Governor Whitman,
now investigating the New
York police force, were today enriched by the admission of a public
document of the confession of
Albert Balanow, alios Albert Bal-
lln, during four years a confidential
agent of the Department of Justice, the Thiel Detective Agency
and the Burns Detective Agency.
This confession differs as widely
from the usual dull court papers
as do the Arabian Nights from the
sermons of seventeenth century
Puritan divines.
Ballin in eighty typewritten
pages tells under oath what he
knows about the activities of the
private detective agencies In the
Communist Labor and the United
Communist parties, and on the
I. W. W., on the Fabian Club, the
the Nonpartisan League and on all
other organizations and individuals
who favor a chango ln the sociul
These revelations, every page
signed and sworn to by Ballin, assert that the reign of terror which
was visited upon alleged radicals
ln the early months of 1020 was
worked up, not by United States
officials, but by private detective
agencies for the purpose of inducing business men and bankers to
pay operatives to run down clues
they themselves furnished. The
agencies charged $10 per day for
each operator and paid the operative $3. Hence, saya Bailln, thetr
evident anxiety to assign hundreds
of agents to each crusade.
Wrote Letters
It was Bailln who wrote the
threatening letters received during
the Communist Labor trial, by
high officials, Judges and juries und
newspapers. They were written
and mailed, he swears, at the dictation of the managers of the detective agencies so that the business men would be moved to contribute additional sums to trace
the writer of the letters.
Because his father was a victim
tot a frameup executed by tho
secret servico ot czarist Russia,
and because he spent his boyhood
ln exile with his father in Siberia,
Bailln claims that he vowed to'
bring about an exposure of the spy
Bystem He saya he undertook this
work In America so that he could
reveal to the world the methods
used by these guardians of law and
order. To accomplish these ends
he had to participate In many disgusting Jobs, but he secretly tipped
off Intended victims of plots, gave
agency money to radical causes,
and left traces on his letters so
that they could be followed back
to the agents provocateurs, at
whose instance they were written.
Gets Arrested
Ballfn'a arrest came about
through a deliberate attempt to
force the Department of Justice to
prosecute him so that he might
make his statement under oath in.a
federal court room. He ls charged
under Section 2015 of the Federal
statutes with sending threatening
letters through the malls to Maclay
Hoyne, then state's attorney of
Cook County, Illinois, and director
of the "red raids," to Frank Co-
merford, special prosecutor In the
trial of the 20 members of the
Communist Labor party in Chicago
laBt summer, to Judge Oscar Hcbel,
who presided at the trial, to Henry
(Continued on Page 8)
I). 8.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do sa
Thousands Added Weekly
to Unemployed Army-
National Conference
London.— Unemployment grows.
During the pust week 110,000 have
been added to the official registers,
As unemployment grows, the hopes
.of the capitalists rise higher. They
become moro outspoken in thetr
threats to labor. The total number
of unemployed, alive and half-alive
Is at least 1,500,000.
The active attack on wages continues. Shipbuilding Joiners are
Btlll on strike against an attempt
to reduce their wages by 12 percent. Building workers In Belfast
are fighting against a similar attack. All the building workers ln
the country are threatened with an
attempt to reduce their wages ln
the near future. Cotton workers,
who are now only receiving three
days' pay a week, have the same
prospect beforo them.
«■■■■'»«■■•■■■"» «"H'iM»"»"|iii"«' >m»fr«Mi"e-i-«iii
Mr. N. J. EGAN
SUNDAY, FEB. 13th, 1921
8:30 P. M.
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
Endorses Efforts of Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee   .
Tho Soviet Russia Medical Relief committee received the endorsation of Ludwig Martens borore he
left the United States. The following lo a copy of the correspondence
exchanged between the committee
and Martens:
L. C. A. K. Martens,
Representative  of  the   Russian
Soviet Republic in the U. S.,
New York City.*
Dear Comrade:
Before your forced departure
from the United States for Soviet
Russia, the Soviet Russia Medical
Relief committee submits to you
herewith the following roport;
The Soviet Russia Modical Relief committeo was organized as a
volunteer organization ln April,
1920, with headquarters in New
York City. Local committees grew
up gradually In other' cities, and
up to the present moment there nre
about 11B local committees
througfiout the United States and
Thc aim of this organization has
been and la to collect medical supplies and money for the purchaso
of medical supplies and surgtcnl Instruments, also medical llteraLuro
for Soviet Russia. With this end
ln view, 130 public mootings have
been held tn various cities throughout Canada and the United States,
at which meetings moneys wcro
collected for* tho above purpose;
also subscription lists were circulated and Individual donations
were solicited, both from organizations and individuals sympathetic to the above cause.
Up to date, tho treasurer of- tho
contra! committee in New York
has received (68,199.39. Out of
this sum, $31,663.34 haa bcen paid
towards shipments for medicul
supplies shipped to Soviet Russia,
and $6,014.82 were paid out for
organization expenses, printing of
pamphlets, post cnrdB, etc., leaving
a balance on hand ln thc treasury,
Jan. 21, of $1521.23. Tho total
value of shipments consigned to
Soviet RUBfila is $7^,283.06, which
means that the balance payable on
those shipments is $22,619.72.
In addition to thc above shipments purchased from funds collected, drugs, Instruments and
other medical supplies were collec-
(Continued on page t)
C. G. I.
8,000 Berlin Workers in
Demonstration Fired
On By Police
Berlin.—Some 8,000 people at
tended the Communist demonstration In the LuBtgnrten January IB,
in commemoration of tha death of
Karl Leibknecht and Rosa Luxembourg.
Later a procession of 0,000 people marched along the Unter Den
Linden In the direction of the Brandenburg Gate and, broke through
the police cordon at the Churlotten-
strasse Into tho area which, for the
protection of the Reichstag building, is closed by law to demonstrations.
A second police cordon at tho
Friedrichstrasfle was also forced.
The crowd then halted before the
Russian embassy, cheering the Soviet government. When the crowd
finally tried to rush a third cordon
at the Wllhelmstrasse a shot waa
flred, apparently from the police
at Brandenburg Gate. It was fol
lowed by more shots, whereupon
the crowd tn wild panic (led in all
directions. The numbers of thi
dead and wounded aro unknown
Labor  Unites  to Fight
Court's Order for Dissolution
Paris.—The executlv#commlttee
of the proscribed General Confederation of Labor (C.G.T.) have accepted the challenge to trade union organization thrown down by
the government, and, In a manifesto issued to tho workers of
France, describe tho high court's
order for the dissolution of the C.
G. T, ns an act of vengeance against
the working-class:
Tho court's action hns had the
happy effect of uniting all sections
of the trade union combination.
The right wing mujorlty and the
Left Wing minority In the Industrial movement have burled the
hatchet for the time being and issued fighting calls to action in defence of the threatened C.G.T.
The leaders of all the great unions in lire confederation have today declared their Intention of Ignoring the order for dissolution.
-The C.G.T. Is dissolved," they say
In effect, "but nevertheless, the C.
G. T. is still alive."
The biggest trade union battle in
Fiance Bince-the right of organization was flrst conceded ia likely to
be waged on this Issue.
Help tho
Fed.  by  helping our
Touring Country on Behalf of Ca.
nad la n Lnbor Defense Legion
—Next Woeks Meeting
W. W. Lefeaux, who recently returned from Russia is louring the
country on behalf of tho Canadian
Labor Defense League and relating
his experiences. He spoke In Vancouver on Sunday and ln Prince
Rupert on Wednesday. Some of his
other dates are:
Revelstoke, Sunday, February 13,
Calgary, Wednesday, February 16;
Edmonton, Thursday, February 17.
Always look i5p the Fod. advertisers before making purchases.
Labor Pnrty Refuses to
Get Mixed Up in Govt.
The joint meeting of thc parliamentary committee aud the labor
party executive has come to a decision splendidly demonstrating the
solidarity and independence of labor. It has thrown back In the
government's face the artful offer
that labor should tio Its bands by
co-operating ln a government committee of Inquiry into unemployment. It hus taken Un stand on tho
plain, indisputable fact, Insisted on
over nud over again that both the
causes and the remedies for unemployment aro perfectly open ond
well known, and that what Is wanted ls not further Inquiry and dis-
OUSBlon, but the application of the
principles labor has already publicly laid down.—Dally Horald.
Meighen says that "the Canadian
peoplo are not in a frame of mind
to properly exercise tho franchise"
Wo don't know of any people in
uny country outside of Russia who
»->■«■' >..>■■■. t..»i«.
Corner of Fender and Howe Streets
Will speak on "Violence or Solidarity" r*GETWO
thirteenth teab.  n». «    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver,
B. O.
FRIDAT. _.. February 11, llli
Our entire stock of Men's High-Grade Hats to be olcared
$1.95     hats $2.95
$7.00      AQ t_tt
hats  *po.iJD
Pot Rosr.tr, from, lb. .._..™........16s
Ov«n RouU from, lb. ,...18e
Boiling Beef from, lb.  IBe
On ikle on Friday and Saturday.
Oar Famous Rolled Roasts; not
too (at and not too lean; juit
right.    Speolal prioe,  lb...28»/ac
Pre-war Pricai
Slater'a  Speolal  Streaky  Baoon,  war
prioe   55c  lb.,   Friday  and   Satur*
day, whole or half Blab, lb SO'/iO
Om aale on Friday and Saturday, our
famoua Pork Shoulders; ail fresh
killed and ffovernment inspected.
They enly weigh from 4 to 0 lira.
Rogular I0o lb. Special, lb. S0\_a
Coma early and get a nice one.
I                      SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Sugar Cured Pto-
nlo Hams; reg. 85c.   Friday and
Saturday, lb 2ty2e
From 0 a.m. to 11 a.m. we will a«U
our apeolal  Streaky Bacon,  sliced,
at, per lb   «o
{.hoaldera ef  Young Mutton; reg,
SOe lb.   Spocial, lb SBVCe
On aale on Saturday from 8 a.m.
to 12 noon, our special Cream'
ery Buttar at, lb 55o
On sale on Friday and Saturday, our
middle outs of Fork, practically no
bona: In cuts of 8 to 10 lbs. Reg.
40o lb., apeclal, lb,   34a
6-lb. caoki of Rolled Oats _._....._.SS«
Large tubes of Rolled Oata ...» 27«
Finest Tomatoea _.  ..._ for S6o
Finest Corn _™..m„...,„..^r...2 for 36s
Finest Peaa  2 for 3fi«
Slater's Streaky Baoon, sliced ...Ate
Slater's Streaky Bacon,, siloed ...,60o
Slater'a Streaky Bacon, sliced ....660
Finest   Highland   Spttdp,   special,
per nack -  $1.26
Flnaat Pure Lard, special, lb. ....26o
Fineat Compound Lard, speolal price,
2 lbi.  for  388
Small  White  Ashcroft  Beans  sell
at 4 lba. for 26o
Finest Green Feat, 4 lha. for 26c
Fineat Slam Rlw, 3 lba. for 2Bo
Fineat Jap Riee,  lb  lOo
Puro Strawberry Jam, 4 lbs...fl.20
Pure Plum Jam,  4-lbs 11.20
Apple-Strawberry Jam, 4 Ida...90c
B. O. Milk  	
Nabob   Taa,   lb.   	
Malkln'a Coffee, lb.
Pork and Bean*	
Sardinea —...-_____.
...2 for 260
...3 for 260
-.8 for 26o
B. 0. Freth Eggs, doi. .
Fbont 8.7. 3262
Phon. B.y. 868
Phon.  S.y.  6148
Phon. r»lr. 1683
Does your smile apologize
for your teeth?
YOU can smile with frankness and confidence
when your appearance is restored by EXPRESSION TEETH. No eye can detect the
difference—they are true mates, to nature, in
size, in tint. This method approaches the work
of nature more closely than anyliQier dental construction yet invented. Let me explain my
I do this work in my
own laboratory.
Tb. construction of thli work
In. my own laboratory mi.m
that individual touch essential
to pnrfeot result.. Then, too, I
can determine the condition of
your teeth by X-Kay method*,
together wtth the most ap*
proved forms of anaesthesia for
tho alleviation of pain.
Corner Seymour
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of tha Faculty of tha
College of Dentistry, DnlTerslty of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Opera*
tlva Dentistry, Looal and Oeneral Anaesthesia.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ono year's subscription td The
B, C. Federationlit, will be mailed to
any addreas In Canada for 923.60
(Oood anywhere onteide of Vaneourer
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.
The |M.T. Loggers' Boot
Mail orders  personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and  Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Noxt Door to Loggers' HaU
Phone Seymour 850 Repairs Done While You Walt
Good for Health Improves the Appetite,
Everyone knows tbat cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ts produced from the highest grade materials procurable
i—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Cheap Powder
Editor B. C. fedorationist: During tha reoent by-election cam'
patgn In Delta, the premier promised, as a good bait, cheap powder
for the agricultural toilers. Even
at the present price of powder, one-
third off won't make It cheap. Why
a man who worked ten yoars ln a
powder factory told me that It
could he produced for three dollars
a box when raw material was at
Its height. What would be of more
interest and benefit to the hundreds
of farmers of thts province than
cheap powder—real cheap, without
the smell of profiteering on lt?
Now here ls a real chance for
work worth while for the labor
members In the legislature. Bring
In a bill proposing to establish a
government-owned powder factory,
powder to be sold at cost to farmers. Let us see whero the different
parties stand on such an important
Issue, also the non-partisans; Independents will have a chance to
show their color. Needless to say
that lf a bill of this nature waa
turned down by the government
t'*e labor, farmer or any other candidates would have a live Issue to
bring before the people" of the agricultural districts at the next eleotlon.
Crescent, B. C.
since 1916, might cause him (o
hesitate before advocating the S.
L. P. as a revolutionary Socialist
organization, as the tone of his
letter suggests an honest but uninformed worker,
February, 7, 1921. , ■'
The S. L. P. Position
Editor B. C. Federationist: "Of
the dead speak nothing evil," but
when a corpse pollutes the atmosphere, then tho usual sanitary
measures must be taken.
In your Issue of Feb. 4, an S.
L, pite takes exceptoln to a statement by J. Kavanagh, that tho S.
L. P. of A. would not be accepted in
the Third International.
The persistent calumny. of the
officers of the Third International,
through the columns of the Weekly
People, bears out Kavanagh's
For the past yoar, tho S. L, P.
outfit in company with a gang of
social patriots, repeatedly stated
through thoir press, that the late
John Reld, Louis Fraina, Jim Larkin. and many others, who. did not
worship at the urn containing De
Leon's ashes, were agent-provocateurs and stool-pigeons of the
United States government:
John Reld ls dead, Larkin ls in
prison, and Louis Fraina waa exonerated of thoss changes, at the
Second Congress of tho Third International, held in Moscow last
July. His ac%)scr, Santerl Nuro-
teva, an ex-member of tho S. P. of
A., who was faced by Fraina at the
Congross, was ordered to make a
public rotractlon of the charges,
and was threatened with severe
penalties by Lenin, tf the slander
was repeated. Yet months after
the slander waa refuted, and after
the' publication of the report of
tho Investigation committee, we
find In the S. L. P. official organ,
of January 15, 1921, a reiteration
of the Fraina slander, ln an attempt to defend the S. L. P. before
the Communist Pai'ty of Spain,
who accused the S. L. P. of being
agents of the bourgeoise,
This reactionary outfit, defenders of "the flag in Utah," pursuers
of "life, liberty and happiness"
within the confines of tho United
States constitution, who ''adapted"
Marxian Socialism to the Declaration of Independenco; whose national seoretary, Petersen, deplored
the rise to power of tho Russian
proletariat, (a matter of record),
this S. L. P. of A. who In every
recent attack on the cluss-conscious
workers of the United States, by
the master class, added their feeble
yap to the baying of the capitalist
hounds, In order to prove their
Americanism, and thetr dedication
to ^he immortal principles for
whtch theft* forefathers stormed
the heights of Appotomax, to quote
the party rhetorician, Charles H.
Corregan, J. F. M. L, appeals to
the Federatlonist for a chanco to
correct "false statements," Why
not commence at home, correcting
the vaporings of Olive Johnson In
the columns of the Wookly People
—who pursues the mothods of a
capitalist editor, In keeping the S.
L. P. dupes in Ignorance.
Probably H. F. M. L. Is not thoroughly familiar with the Ideology
of the party whom he supports. A
study of tho  files of the Poople,
Wanto a  Little Light       ;
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: After
reading your report of a lecture on
theological vs. scientific modes of
thought, I can't say that I arpk|riy
clearor in my mind aa tol..J the
difference between the two modes.
I have always classed the religious mode of thought witfLv,the
purely human mode, which, if^he
man be a prospector, causes hlln
to think of all ground on which he
has no stakes as no good, but tbo
Instant he places his stakes on
some of that ground, then tjie
ground staked becomes a bonanaa,
and the man saying anything
against that ground instantly Incomes an enemy to the prospector,
and ls classed aa no food.
The scientific mode of thought^
that mode of thought which first
places all feeling for or against the
thing thought of, ln the discard.
Removes all arguments for- or
against the thing thought of, from
off the understanding then assembles ln the mind all available
knowledge on lhe subject to be
thought of. Then the mind reasons
from that knowledge to a reasonable opinion on the thing thought
of. /-inrf'
I will take the trade union to
Illustrate the two modes of
thought. If I were writing to a
Catholic journal I might use the
Lord's Supper, or a Baptist journal
the rite of Baptism for an illustration. Suppose I ask the question,
"Are the trades unions capitalistic
organizations; are they chiefly organized to be capitalistic selling
agencies of labor power, to control
the supply of that power, and to.
force the public to pay excessive
prices for that power?" ,,)y .
To ihe minds of the groat majority of unionists I have uttered,
blasphemy against the union In
even . asking the question. The
human, or religious mind instantly,'
Jumps to protect without question
the thing it is taught to believe ln'
or the thing to which lt belongs. If
I made the question Into a statement of fact, then about 90 per
cont. of the members would without thought call me a liar, about
60 per cent- would feel like hurting
me In some way and a number
would kill me were lt not for the.
law. Only about ten per cent, of
all the members would consider
the question as a question, and the
statement as a statoment alone,
without any deference to the person making the statement. They
would try to assemble all the facts,
for or against the unton being a
capitalistic organization. Thoy
would consider, what constitutes
capitalism; what constitutes commodities; what was the union* 'QV'_
ganized for; what constitutes
proflt; should the value of a aaFS
labor be a fixed value, like g$8|;
or a fluctuating value like eilyflr..'
All the knowledge available on the
subject they would assemble ^ In
their minds and would reason from
that knowledge to a Judgment,on"
the question and the statement,
The person making the statement
having no value as knowledge,. Is'
not considered for a moment
These ten per cent, have the scientific mind, while the other 90 Jfet
cent, have the human or religieus
mind. ■* „
The human mind endorses everything the lecturer condemns tirider
the head of the religious mind! £nd
It Is because the human mind ls in
control Instead of the scientific
mind that we are whero we are.
Blind .faith and the human mind is
shown In the Socialist's attitude
toward all criticism of the government In Russia. If the present
Russian Oovernment Is not autocratic, what Is it?
. The Allied court at Mnlnz has
sentenced threo Communists ftr
spreading propaganda among tho
Fronch troops. Schilling received
three yoars1 imprisonment and
8,000 marks fino; Raab, one month
ln prison and 6,OOD marks flne;
Stlchelborg, a flne of 500 marks.
Martens Thanks
U. S. Workers
(Continued from Page 1)
ted, to the value of over $3000, and
likewise shipped to Soviet Russia.
Several hundred valuable textbooks and other publications on
inedlcine have been collected and
sent to the commissariats of pub-
He health of Soviet Bussia.
Doubtless you are aware, both
ftom tho Russian official publications and from other sources that
the bulk of. these shipments have
Already been,received by the pub-
Tic health authorities of Soviet Russia, and put to immediate use.
- Most of the local Soviet Russia
Medical .Relief committees have
been organized' pnly recently, and
some of them are Btill In the process of organization. Among the
tasks on which they are working,
ono stands paramount in their
minds, and that ls the organization
of medical councils, composed of
physicians only, who are willing to
collect for Soviet Russia medical
literature, and all necessary information for the combating ef diseases, and to acquaint SovletvRus-
ala with the latest discoveries and
achievements in medical science,
and with the hospital care of Infectious and other diseases. They
desire ultimately to organize medical units of experts for service in
Soviet Russia, when communication between this country and Russia shall have been thrown open.
Through these councils we have
secured the co-operation of medical men of note, who have expressed their desire to acquaint Russian physicians with the achievements of the .nodical and sanitary
sciences ln the United States during the seven years of blockade of
Soviet Russia. Some of them have
travelled io Europe to familiarize
themselves with the present status
of medical sclcence in the Westorn
European countries.
The lack of nurses and other1
hospital attendants seems to be a
great handicap to Soviet Russia at
the present time, according to reports whloh have reached us.
Thereforo the above medical councils are drawing within their sphere
of Influence nurses and other hospital personnel, who ate willing to
go to Russia to help alleviate tho
suffering of the victims of the war
and the. blockade. Serious consideration is given to the medical education of Russian emigrants desiring to return to Soviet Russia, especially to the unskilled labor,
who would be of great help ln the
hospital service In Soviet Russia.
With reference to the western
district committee, the centi'al
committee has found lt necessary
to suspend tlie western district offlce, and request Charles L. Drake
to transfer in detail all the records
concerning the work done in the
western district In the past. A local
committee was orgnnized in Chicago to go on with the wortc there,
and tho central committoe ls now
ln direct communication with all
the sub-committees, trying to coordinate thoir' efforts for the sako
of greater efficiency.
The work in Canada, under the
supervision of the central committee, ls making very good progrestf.
'The comrtides In charge of tho
#ork thore have proven to be exceedingly worthy by virtue of their
* The general condltlona of the
country, with the enormous unemployment prevailing, do not promise a very bright outlook for collections In the near future. Ouf
Collections at present are almost
exclusively from Labor organizations. Notwithstanding these difficulties, the committee will continue
to endeavor to unite and co-ordinate the work throughout the country so as to produce the best results.'
i For the purpose of acquainting
the people of the United States with
conditions in Soviot Russia, oui*
oommlttee has published and distributed up to the present time
about 80,000 pamphlets, and ln addition to theBe, has issued an enormous number of leaflets, letters
and statements to the press.
Certain difficulties were encountered by the Soviet RuBsia Relief
committee, due to the activities of
the "presumable friends" and open
enemies of Soviet Russia, who in-
stBtod that their hobbies and their
politics be dragged Into this work,
whloh was, from the vety beginning, carried on and niaintained na
a non-partisan affair. Only on this
basis has it been possible to maintain the organiztion, and make the
work as successful as lt has been
under the circumstances. Regard-
loss of the opposition and animosity
the Medleat Relief committee In
New Tork, as the authorised
mouthpiece of this work, is outlining various plans to perfect an efficient organization ln order to carry
out the work successfully.
The Soviet Russia Medical Relief
committee owes Its existence and
the success of its work up to this
time chiefly, lf not solely,, to the
earnest support and endorsement
given to it by your* bureau and
yourself. It Is essential that you
give us, aa a parting word* a definite expression as to the future
possible usefulness of oui* committoe, and your suggestions to aid us
In our activities.
Witfi cordial and comradely
greetings to yourself and the comrades over there,
Fraternally yours,
(Signed)     Joseph Michael,
Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee, New York City, N. Y.
Dear Friends: ^.
Before leaving the United States
of America, it is my pleasant duty
to thank you most sincerely on behalf of the people and the govornmont of Soviet Russia for your
earnest and successful efforts to
bring medical relief to the men,
women and children of Soviet Russia, who are suffering because of
the dreadful war and Inhuman
It Is my profound wish that my
abBenoe from thli country should
not deter you for a moment from
the continuation of your highly
useful and commendable work. On
the contrary, my forced departure
from this country should spur on
the Soviet Russia Medical Relief
eommlttee, and all Its supporters
and sympathizers, to redouble
their efforts to wipe out the apparent unfriendliness of America towards Soviet Russia, as exhibited
by the deportatoln decree of the
secretary of Labor. I still refuse
to believe that the Amelrcan people
share his sentiments. The va*,t
number of assurances of sympathy
and regret received by me during
the last week of my stay in thia
countity have convinced me more
than ever that the American puO'
pie, whether of the working class
or of the general public, beor nt
enmity toward the hard-tried people of Soviet Russia. I appreciate
most deeply not only the phyelcal
relief offered through the metiicli.es
shipped by your committeo lo Soviet Russia, but also the fe •! ng of
sympathy and friendly understand
ing created through the efforts of
your committee.
It will be one of my flrst tasks
upon my arrival at Moscow tu lay
your report before the commissariat of health, and I shall urge i.Vat
your recommendations bo r.cted
upon as quickly aa possible. I hope
that yout vprk will meet with the
heartiest approval of the & -viet
government, and of the peasants
a^d workers of Sovelt Russia.
Again I wish to thank your committee and the men and women of
the United States whose sympathy
for the poople of Soviet Russia has
contributed to the success of your
I most heartily endorse the efforts of your committee, and ufge
you to go on with your tasks, ns
heretofore, regardless of carping
criticism and slanderous attacks,
either through misconception of
your work or deliberate malicious
I Remain, moat sincerely,
(Signed) L.   MARTENS.
See Your Spring
in the volume) and magnificence of
styles in our advance showing.
at very special prices
because they are made in our owiTfac-
tory—cost less than imported goods of
inferior quality.
6 3
HASTINGo     . W.
Near Granville
Six bridge and building gangs of
the C. N.'R. In Quebec were recently laid off and rehired next day
at 35c, a reduction of more than
60 per cent, in wages.
February Sale
Wo carry tho Beat Qualities of tlio Bost Makers, Wc haw
a Large and well assorted Stook, affording Immense choice.
Carpets, Linoleums, Oilcloth, Bedsteads, Springs, Mattresses,
Dining Room, Parlor and living Room Suites. Chesterfields
and Stuffed Olialrs In great variety. Stoves, Ranges and
Heaters. Everything for the Home sold by tils Homo ftt
exceptionally and drastically
Reduced Prices
throughout this month. Como and see ns/ You wtn ha
surprised to flnd what a largo amount of high quality furniture for so Uttle money. In the cheapest rent district we
eliminate competition.
416 Main St.
, Opposite dty Hall ,
When You Need-**
can supply all your Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too imall. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printer! a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Pricei are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
Cor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vaneonver, B. 0. JTRIDAY...............February 11,19.1
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
Camp Reports
This bulletin is issued in accordance with recommendations by the
delegates from the Short-Log (In-
terlor) districts, who attended the
general convention of the Lumber
Workers, held at Vancouver.
The Frince George district, ln
Common with all other districts of
the Lumber Workers, has been notified that we as an organization,
Stand suepended from the O. B.
U„ but with the eompromlsory
proviso contained In the notice,
that any .branch that makes application will be reinstated, upon the
payment of one month's per capita
tax. In replying to this "ukase," I
pointed out that thiH district, or
any other district of the Lumber
Worker^ had never been directly
affiliated with the O. B. U., but
were units of the L. W. I. U., which
body waB, an integral part of that
organlutlon, consequently any action of this nature, could and
would only be dealt with by the
unit as a whole, and at a matter
of fact, had been definitely decided, when the membership of the
Lumber Workers had by referdum
Vote, ratified the itand taken by
their delegates at the Port Arthur
oonvention, therefore insofar as the
Lumbal* Workers are concerned,
the constitution of the O. B. U. 1b
at present "null and void." The
Circular furthor Intimated that It
la the Intention of the Q. E. B. of
the O. B. U. to notify tho member-
Ship of the branches that failure
to comply wtth tho amended constitution, whtch is another way of
saying that they Intend to commence disruption proceedings in
our ranks. The necessity of being
prepared to counteract any attempt
of this nature, Is obvious.
The membership of the Prince
George district insofar as this offlce has been In touch, or com*
munlcatlon with them have accepted the course adopted at the recent
convention, aa being the most practical one to pursue under the circumstances, and they can be depended upon to present a solid
front for 100 per cent. Industrial
Unionism, such as the ' tentative
constitution now assures them.
In accordance wtth conclusions
arrived at by the Interior delegates,
It will be necessary for this district to ask a vote on the clauses
that require united action at a
given time. However, In view of
the fact that the membership in
this district Is principally a migratory one, and that many who are
in the camps now will be out in
the course of a few weeks, and a
new bunch in, the referendum will
not be taken until aa late a date
as will allow sufficient time for the
results to be acted upon, In conjunction with the other districts Involved, aa it is Important that the
decision to act will be made by
those on whom Its execution will
Gamp Conditions
The only chances to trade labor-
power for "pork chops" in thiB
district Is by wielding a 16-pound
broadaxe, making ties at from 20
to 26c a tie. Between Prince
George and Smlthers there are
•ome fifteen camps, with delegates
ln practically every camp. From
now on, the makers will be let go
as they finish thetr "strips," so that
the chances for employment in that
capacity will be getting fewer.
Along the G. T. P. from Prince
George to McBride, logging operations are tied up, with the exception of a few "Jlppos," that nre
hauling what logs they had cut
Since last summer. There are no
preparations for opening tn evl-
.   donee.
The flrRt reduction In wages last
fall resulted in all the union men
coming in from those camps, leaving only the "Yap," whom they
Couldn't get to unite with them in
resisting the boss. Consequently,
the organisation in that end of the
district ls practically nl).
The Northern Construction Co.
(Clarke's mill camps, P. G. 13.>
have resumed operations with i
sscond reduction „ in wages, the
price now being 40c and 46c per
hour for good men.
Branch secretaries should Inform
any fellow workers, who Intend
eoming to the Prince George district, that the foregoing are conditions as they exist.
■ |AU fellow workers who have
Wages due them by the Dome Lumber Company (which company op-
orated logging camps and saw-mill
at Dome Creek, P. G. district),
Should be advised to make statement of theli* claim In writing, giving full name, the nature of the
work performed, the total amount
claimed, and all other particulars
of their case, and address thc same
to Montreal Trust Company, Roynl
Bank Bldg., Edmonton, Alta., the
appointed liquidator of the insolvent company, so that they are received by them not later than Feb.
16, 1921.
Secretary P. G. District.
That is just what Is happening
every day ln this and other districts. On the other hand, what is
the use of fighting for better conditions in the camps and then com.
Ing to town and putting in our time
in the rottcnest dumps ln the town?
There is no doubt but that this
spring and summer we have got to
put in some har.l work to secure a
universal eight-hour day, to do
away wtth the carrying of blankets
and to better conditions' In general.
The flght Is going to be twice as
hnrd for ua If a large njimber of
ub are broke and with ragged
clothes. Let's get busy and show
the public that it Is better conditions ,nu-i not booze that is our
main ob. eel
A meeting of the district executive board iB called for Saturday,
Feb. 12. Any member of this district having any suggestions or
complaints to make, should put
them ln writing and send them in
to the secretary at once, so that
they may be dealt with at the
meeting. Remember, that this organisation Is what you make it
yourselves. Don't leave lt all to
one or two men to do, but dig in
and take an active part In the
work. Get after the men who spend
their time in the bunk house tn
knocking other members or officials, and make them either prove
up or shut up. If a man holding
offlce ia not the right man for the
job, then get rid of htm, no matter who he is, but make sure you
are In the right before you take
the step. This dissension and
spreading of false reports is what
will break ub up, if we don't stop it
right now.
The Northern Construction Company Is hiring union men occasion*
ally, lotting them work two
three days, and then putting them
down on the road again. Well, it's
their inning now, but we are com
Ing to bat next. Shakespeare, in
one of hts plays, Bays:."Now Is the
winter of our discontent." But he
also says something about a "glorious summer," and that applies to
A wire this morning from Glacier says to warn all members of
a wage dispute on the tunnel job,
which ls being arbitrated, so let's
keep away from there until we
hear'more about It,
Things are quiet In the Merritt
country. Peterson, a contractor,
who waB trying to do a $10 job for
$5, found that the men wouldn't do
18 worth of work for $4 a day, and
has had to shut down again. May
he rest in peace 1 Reports are that
things may pick up on the Cold-
water a Uttle later on.   ,
The Northern Construction Camp
No. 5, at Badger Creek, has four
bunks In the bath-house, and the
cook and flunkey sleeping tn the
cook-house. This cnmp and the
one at McLure will be reported to
the health inspectors this week.
Let us hear from some of the other
camps, good or bad.
Any member holding a sick
beneflt receipt from the union who
ts forced to pay sick dues to the
company, should ask for a receipt,
and turn it Into the secretary. I
want to turn them into the union
lawyers, nnd Beo lf we can't stop
this practice.
Send in all the news or even
short letters to help make the
Weekly Bulletin a live one. Remember that copies go to all other
districts, and that this exchange of
newa will help to get more concerted action between districts.
Balance union funds on hand,
Feb. 1, $407.41; balance sick fundB
on hand, Feb. Feb. 1, $691,22.
As you can see,, the hospital fund
ls in good shape. There are several
members who have found that a
sick beneflt receipt waa a pretty
handy thing to have. It Is protection 24 hours of the day whether
you are working or not. The more
who carry this protection, the better protection It is for, so far, our
expenditures, have only been about
40 per cent, of the recelptB, so get
busy and boost It.
P. McQuade and E. J. Myers,
both of whom scabbed at Chase
last year, are reported as heading
towards the Coast. Union men
will be on thc watch for them, and
know how to treat them.
There nre not many union men
Btopping at the Grand Pacific Hotel those days.
THAT  SOMCBOttf euse \_  H0UWN6O0>*W VOOR
My flrat week In the city of Kamloops remind, me of Robert Service's poem "The Shooting of Dan
McGrew," which tells about a
bunch of the boys that were whooping her up ln the Malmute saloon.
It was all here except the shooting,
and even that was not missed by a
very big margin.
Isn't it about time that we stopped playing the howler for the
ton? lf I were running a camp
up tn the bush, and wa. opposed
u> Ihe eight-hou» day, ostler camp
eonditlons, etc., 1 would wnt nothing better than to iee the men
I paid, oft go to town and blow their
•takes on .often whiskey; go biolte
In a few days, and have to come
right back to the same hay-wire
layout, to look for a Job again.
The board of directors of the
Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen, which met In Portland,
December 20, adoptea a new minimum wage schedule for sawmill
and logging operations for the
Coaat regions to meet new condl
tlona confronting the Industry. The
now schedule follows:
Coast District
Minimum Wago Schedule—Logging
(Hourly pay unless otherwise
ninclismlth   «B
Blacksmiths helper  : B0
Brakeman, head ••
Brakeman, 2nd 65
Bucker, head  •-••.- ••*'•
Euckor 66
Bucker, windfall '6
Bucker, wood  *B
•Camp helper (a month) |80-$110
Chaser BB
Chokerman  tB
"Cook -••    —
•Cook, 2nd (per month)     .»»
Drum tender *B
•Engineer, donkey 60
•Engineer, duplex «0
•Engineer, ground yarder (ln
exclusive    ground    yarding
camp    tB
•Engineer, locomotive  ii
Pallor,   head    e2Vi
Faller,   2nd    t'Vi
Filer, head  00
•Filer, 2nd  • 0
•Fireman, donkey ii
•Fireman, locomotive —   -SO
•Foreman,  grade   _   .«6
•Foreman, section  «.   .60
Gasoline drag saw man 65
•Head handy man (limited to
one a side)   65
High climber _ 80
Hookon man  55
Hook tender ~ 90
KnotteA    66
Lldgerwood akid'g leverman..   .66
Lldgerwood load leverman 60
Lldgerwood head loader  76
Lldgerwood head rigger 80
Loader,' head, long log 75
Loader, head, short log    .65
Loader, 2nd, long and ihort.   .60
Log R. R. men (const.)    .46
Machinist   .'. 66
•Pump man  *5
••Raftsman, foreman (allowable when 4 or more men
are employed)      —
Raft-man, head, per day 15.60
Raftsman, per day 16.00
Rigger, head (also 2nd hook-
tender)  65
Rigger, 2nd  65
Rigger, Srd or helper 65
Rigging slinger  65
Rigging man, C. 0 55.
Signal  boy  45
Skidroad  or poleroad man 46
Sniper 60
••Superintendent      —
Spool  tender   45
Swamper  45
Unhook man  60
Walter or dishwasher (mo.)..   150
Wood splitter  45
••Woods foreman      —
••Means optional.
Men marked by an asterisk (•)
must be considered as dally employees who are not entitled to
extra pay for work in excess of
eight hours, which is ordinarily
and customarily performed to insure continued oporation of the
plant. This refers to engineers and
firemen firing up machines and
pumpB preparatory to starting
them; foremen and superintendents assembling tools, and crews;
brakemen seeing that brakes are
released and trains ready to start,
etc. Their pay contemplates such
service and no extra pay will be
(From Soviet Russia)
(By George Bernard Shaw)
(On January 29, 1920, George
Bernard Shaw delivered a lecture
at KIngsway Hall, tn London,
which was announced and later
printed under the title "Socialism
and the Labor Party." We are
presenting to our readers only so
much of Mr. Shaw's lecture, taken
from the printed version, as deals
with Soviet Russia and the attitude
of Great Britain to that country.
Much matter concerning the British Labor Party and other institu-
Churchill on the subject and wtth
the robber class. Lentn said, these
things are not done by the great
mass of the people making a vote,
they are done by an energetic minority which haa got a conviction
and Is determined to go on carrying out that conviction until lt la
stopped. That ls precisely what our
upper class did, what they are doing, and have always done. It Is
the practical thing to do. There
la no use In waiting until the mass
of the people throughout the country, who know a little about football and very    much    leas   about
Lapan Log Co.  Jackson Bay
Metalliferous Mines  Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
The Vancouver Lumber Co. has,
much to their surprise, a strike on
hand of all men previously employed In the planing mill. Doubtless
they thought that the present conditions In the Labor market were
such aa to tame the men into accepting whatever terms the company felt disposed to enforce.
New madhineiV has been Installed, which Increases the output
from 66 to 80 thousand per day.
ThlB of course, calls for a similar
speeding up by the men attending
the machines. At the same time a
cut In wages was imposed averaging 15c per hour. On top of this,
the men were on Monday told it
was to be a ten-hour day In future. At 6 p.m., however, the men
all quit and went home. Upon
their art-lval on the Job on Tuesday morning, Supt. Beard told
them they had to work the 10-hour
Flnt Aid.
First Aid Instruction Classes will
commence January 4. The Compensation Board will arrange class.
oa previous to that date If twenty
or more will attend.
tlons tn England has therefore had politics, whose business is not poll
tics and you cannot move them
in the matter at all, there is no
to be omitted.)
THE Russians seem to very
thoroughly appreciate the practical lessons of hiBtory that we
learned from the early experiences
of the robber class. The Russian
soldier did a very eccentric thing.
He went on fighting for a long
time; he was made very uncomfortable; then he had a curious
Idea, he suddenly stopped fighting,
went home, and seized the land of
the country. That from the point
of view of the robber clasa ln other
countries was the flrst great
atrocity. It may have been an
atrocity. It may have been an atrocity, but it was a jolly practical
atrocity, and when they began to
organize, they started on the Idea
which I suggested that they were
going to organize the Industry of
the people for the benefit of the
people, that they were going to extirpate idlers, and democracy stood in the way. Thore
ls only one really interesting
statesman ln Europe at the present time and his name is Nicholas
Lentn. Nicholas Lenin had a tremendous controversy on the subject of democracy with a German
Social-Democrat, Karl Kautsky.
Kautsky said all the usual thlnga
which Socialists have been saying,
which I have said all my life, the
thing must rest on the will of the
people. You have no right to Introduce Socialism until you get a
vote, until you get majorities
throughout all the constituencies In
favor of Socialism. I have alwaya
eald that my reason at bottom haa
been this, that I knew perfectly
well aB long as I waited for that
I would never be asked to do anything but talk. I have talked all
my life and I have managed to get
beyond the age of sixty without
ever having been called on to do
anything really dangerous or Important. Accordingly, I intend to
go on talking ln that way, but
Lenin did not see that. Lenin entirely agreed with    Mr.    Winston
day or get off the Job. Not one
man would start under these conditions, the whole 48, which consisted of eight Japs, two Hindus and
the rest English-speaking, the latter mainly ex-service men, leaving
the Job In a body. Only the foreman and superintendent Ib now on
the Job, the company Ib now busy
looking foi* a new crew at the magnificent pay of ISo psr hour, for a
ten-hour day.
use ln waiting to get the majority
of votes from them with all the
powers of the press and newspapers
bemusing and bewildering and
bedevilling them with all sorts
of nonsense. We Socialists
when we are a little comfortable are perfectly willing to
wait, but the people who really
want to have aomethlng done, like
Lenin, do not wait. When Lentn
saw a Constituent Assembly
muddling about doing nothing he
did not wait but wont ahead and,
like our governing class there waa
no nonsense about democracy; he
organized the thing ln such a shape
that it would work. He got his
combination of Soviets, a certain
method of Indirect election which
was not at all what we call a
democratic method o'f election because It was very indirect, It waa
doubly and triply indirect, but susceptible of being managed In such
a way that Lenin got working with
him the sort of men he wanted to
agree with him, which Is precisely
how our governing classes work
elections tn this country, and there
was no nonsense about toleration
at all. He believed in Socialism, tn
organising the proletariat. Those
were his Ideals nnd he put It down
as a minimum of social morality:
"We are not going to have any
more idling or unproductiveness;
we do not allow liberty of opinion
with regard to that; if you have
any doubts about that we regard
you as a dishonest person and we
ahoot you." They shot him; he
hofl several bullets In hla body;
that will show he was educating
them practically. But he realised
when It came to the point that as
between the people who bellve in
a great system of what ts practically the robbery of the poor, and
the people who believe In another
system, an intelligent minority, they
have simply to fight lt out with
'what forces they have at their
command. Of course, the very
thing he had to Institute waa what
Mr. Lloyd George has held up in
the House of Commons as his
blackest atrocity, and as was felt
in the House of Commons really
to be his blackest atrocity, and it
ls felt I think by every respectable
man to be his blackest atrocity, he
Introduced compulsory labor. He
actually said every man must work
or he will starve. He had not
much food to give the people who
did work, thanks to the fact that
we are trying to starve them out;
you do not get much to eat in
Russia, but at any rate what there
was going he gave. Only lf people
would not work they did not get
any tickets, and they got on as best
they could, they lived on their own
fat. That was the great atrocity.
He was after all carrying out compulsory labor for the beneflt of the
system of society. He waa carry-
Ing out the ideas of the upper
classes In this country who are also
ln favor of compulsory labor. Only
they flnd the threat of starvation
ls sufflclent to do the compulsion
in this country, except on themselves. Lenin was logical; he
brought In a method of compulsory labor from whtch nobody
could get utterly exempt. We have
a system of compulsory labor in
this country which applies to
everybody except people with a
considerable amount of property.
They can escape from lt because
they cannot bo starved out. Under
Lenin's system you do get starved
Lentn did something else which
is perhaps the most remarkable
thing. Supposing the Bolsh(*£
Red Army captures you; what is it
that happens to you? Tou are told
beforehand if you are a European
you are fighting Bolsheviks because
you know they are monsters and
committing atrocities. Vou are told
lf the Bolsheviks capture you, they
will put you slowly to death over a
period of twcnty-o>ie days by cutting off the tops of your Angers
and nose and ears, and by horrible
scientific tortures slowly kill you,
therefore you flght pretty hard—If
you believe It. Supposing you aro
taken prisoner, in spite of your
heroic struggle, If you are un Englishman you naturally do struggle,
If not to the death, still very close
to lt. But supposing you are overwhelmed by numbers, auy onc Englishman by 200 Bolsheviks, what
happens to you? You are brought
into a military depot and tbe flrst
thing that happens to you la they
give you a meal, and when you are
In tolerably good humor a man
comes in with a lot of literature;
he says, "Are you an Englishman?" You day, "I am an Englishman"—proudly. He immediately
produces a bundle of Bolshevik
literature in English, and you are
set to read that literature. You
are not given anything else to do.
Of course, lf they would let you do
anything else, being an Englishman
you would do lt rather than read—
play football, for instance—but
they throw you back on your own
mental and Intellectual resources
to such an extent that you bogin
to read their literature. Then you
flnd out the truth about what they
are actually doing. They send you
about three times a week to the
theatre and let you go about pretty
freely and see wha Ib going on.
They give you these things to read
just like tho uppor classes ln our
church schools; they stick their
ideas Into your mind.
1 am emphasising this thing tbey
have taken from our governing
clauses. They recognize the fact
that you must get at people's
minds. What they are doing to
the mind of the adult person they
are doing   to   the    children    of
Fays Glowing Tribute to
Trptsky, Minister |
of War
(By the Federated Press)
New York.—Mrs. Clare Sheridan,
the Englishwoman who startled
two continents by leaving tt comfortable home and two young children to travel, to war-stricken,
starving Russia fur the avowed
purpose of modelling the busts of
the makers of a new order, arrived
here a few days ago to lecture on
ther experiences. With her are the
products of her artistic pilgrimage
—the busts of Lenin, Trotsky, Zinc
vlev and DJlrjlnsky and otber Soviet leaders.
If anyone li fitted to give an
unbiased view of the workera' republic, Mrs. Sheridan ts. Five years
ago she had never done a stroke of
work. Her husband waa killed in
the war. Of her two children, one,
a boy of five, Ib accompanying her.
psychology Is as much a part of
Mrs. Sheridan's business as mathematics ts a part of an engineer's.
That she knows that part of her
business well, Bhe proved by her
keen analysis of aome of the men
whose portraits Bhe modelled in
"Zinovlev I found difficult," she
admitted. "But perhaps I am not
fair to htm. He was the flrst to
sit for me; and I Btlll had my way
to make. I mean," ahe explained,
he waa Impatient of me because
I am a bourgeois. He only eat
for me because of his friendship
for Kaineneff, who brought me
over to Russia. They are all very
loyal to each other, those Russian
leaders. After ' they learned that
I was tn earnest about my work
they respected me.
'Lentn waa the -most unapproachable. He shuts you out. He
seems to have everything up there
ln that wonderful dome-shaped
head, and when he looks at you
out of his crumpled, crinkled eyes,
he sees all that Is ln you. But he
takes very little interest tn art
You can talk of Lentn almost as
you would talk of a person in mythology. He already ls a Russian
"Then there was DJlrjlnsky, the
head of the Extraordinary Com
mission. People know very Uttle
about him, here. They say he Is
ruthless. Perhaps so. But all I
saw was a man whoae eyes were
swimming ln tears. The sorrows
of the world seemed to rest on him.
A quarter of his life haa been spent
ln prison, you know."
But It was Trotsky, the man who
has been pictured as the moat cruel
and ferocious of the Russian leaders, who captivated the Imagination
of thlB scrutinizing young woman.
About him she grew vivid and
warm! "Such personality! Such
strength! Trotsky ia the man of
culture and learning. He knows
art. 'I want to help you,' he said
when he was posing for me, and he
gave me criticisms and suggestions.
"I have been asked if Trotsky is
not the Napoleon of Russia who
will attempt to subdue all of
Europe. Of course he Is a great
military genius, but Trotsky Ib the
Napoleon of pacifism and his
armies are armies of labor. It
seems to me that the Russians are
willing to accept the most humiliating terms to gain peace and a
chance to do constructive work,"
Want Absolute Control of
Lumber Prices in Pacific States
Rusaia. The children of Russia are
now taught to believe from the
very beginning that it is dishonest
In the last degree for a person not
to be a productive worker and not
to pay his way in society. I must
not carry the parallel any further.
I think this Is a very good loose
end to leave off. I think It Is a very
good place to atop and begin thinking about it. As I say I do not see In
the Labor Party as it at present
exists the Party which will act
solidly and practically and thoroughly and radically and unitedly
like the Party represented by Mr.
Winston Churchill, which I have
impolitely called the robber class,
and like the Bolsheviks. I see ln
the Labor Party the most extraordinary heterogenous mass of
people, full of opinions of different
kinds. 1 see there arc Methodists
and atheists; Jingoes and consclcn<
tious objectors; there are Protectionists and Free Traders; 1 see the
most amazing mass of people of
all sorts und kinds immensely
equipped for any kind of discussion, for tbe most violent electioneering, and fur no action whatever,
We have gut to simplify the
matter. If we believe in the principles which I have sketched out,
being the principles that I myself
believe in, this belief In the obligation of every man to leave tbe
world In his debt, or at least to pay
his way, then that must be made
to be a religion; It has got to bc
the basis uf the whole religion in
the country. 1 am tired of seeing
Labor and Socialism rolling tbe
stone up thc hill with frightful
labor only to have it rolled down
again. Here you have seen movement after movoment, the movement of the Utilitarians, the movement of the Free Traders under
Cobdan and Bright; tho Christian
Socialists undor Kingsley; thc
Marxian Socialists, yuu hnve seen
the Labor Party by an immense
amount of labor, by talking on
platforms, as I am doing now, get
ono generation of men educated
lnot idoas ubout Free Trado or Socialism or what you like. What
docs that mutter to the upper
classes? Those men die out nnd
meanwhile the children ore coming
Into tho schools whore they nre
taught from the very beginning tbe
creed of tho robber clnss. The
stone la always rolling buck. It Is
because we do not go to work In
the practical way of Mr. Winston
Churchcill and Nicholas Lonin. 1
take off my hat to both gentlemen.
It appcarH to mo until we got to
work In their ways It will be nil
talk, talk, tulk, and nothing else
will come of It.
-i> Obtain a Monopoly
Through the State
(Fed. PresB Staff Correspondent)
Washington,—Gifford Plnchot,
former chief forester under the
Roosevelt administration, came before the House Committee on
Agriculture last week to expose
the Snell bill, which turns over to
the state legislatures the authority to prescribe how privately owned timber shall be cut He showed
that thla measure is in fact a
scheme to deprive the American
people of the right to save their
timber, and thereby to keep down
the cost of houlsng ln the future.
He showed that lt Is designed to
further consolidate the vast ,
monopoly of the western timber
barons, and to hand over to them—
through the legislatures of the
states of Washington, Oregon and
California—the absolute control of
lumber prices in the nation henceforth, it ls a bid for the purchase
of the legislatures of these three
states by the lumber barons, tn the
open market of corrupt politics.
A score of timber lobbyists,
moat of them claiming scientific
training and the dignity of experts,
were present to support the bill.
The present chief forester was on
hand to spak for It. E. T. Allen,
representing the National Lumber
Manufacturers' Association, whieh
was recently denounced In a special
report by the Federal Trade Commission, was a glib witness.
In his discussion of the Snell bill,
Pinchot explained that while lt
purports to be designed to prevent
the devastation of privately owned
timber lands, ln fact lt Ib a bill to
promote a monopoly of lumber ln
the hands of a few great owners
who hold over one-half of the privately owned standing timber In
thc country. Most of this Is ln
nine western atates. The bulk of
It Is In the three Pacific coast
states, to which, within ten yeara,
thc great majority of the states
will have to go for thetr lumber.'
"These vast holdings could never
have been amassed and consolidated except through gigantic
frauds agalnat the government,'* he
said. "For example, .crews were
sent Into the woods to locate stone
and timber claims and swamp land
claims, which they did in large
numbers, for the timber companies. Many swore that they had
crossed certain 'swamp* lands In
boats, when In fact their boats had
been carried on wagons."
Since most of the people and
most of the states are Interested
In the lumber supply far more directly than are the few people and
states having timber for export,
Pinchot argued, the surrender of
the right to protect timber lands
agninst being devastated and their
future production of timber ruined
would be suicidal. It would be as
absurd aa to surrender to the Illinois legislature the sole right to
regulate the meat packing Industry.
The timber barons would easily get
control of the legislatures of the
three big timber exporting states.
With biting sarcasm, Pinchot
called attention to the fact that the
lumber crowd Is now asking to
have ItBelf regulated—.by the states
—while all of its Industrial associates, such as the railroads, the otl
and coal operators, the water-power
interests and the meat packers,
are stubbornly resisting regulation.
"The timber holders," he remarked, "ask us to believe that
they hnve employed and sent to
Washington a large, expensive,
nnd exceptionally Intelligent lobby,
supplied with nil the means of
making It effective, in order to
bring upon themselves the very
thing which these other parallel
great industries have spent and aro
still spending great sums to avoid.
The obvious fuel la that national
control bi the only form of control
that the big Umber owners have
to fear.
Tbey know that tho passage of
this bill would be the most effective
step at this time possible to put
Ijitu the hands of a little group of
Pacific coast lumbermen a monopolistic power over the farmers, the
wage earners, the manufacturer*,
thc business men, and the rent
payers uf the United States, a
power far more oppressive than
that exercised by the Steel Truat,
the Anthracite Trust, or the Oil
Black nnd Tans Mako Sinn Feiners
Carry Union Jack and
An extraordinary scene was en-
aotcd at Ballina recently when a
force of auxiliary polico compelled
five local Sinn Feiners, all of whom
arc leading business men in the lo-
ality, to march through the town,
carrying Union Jacks above their
beads, and trailing a Sinn Fein
Hag ln the gutter bohind them.
They were afterwards compelled to
burn the Sinn Fein flag.
The parade was preceded by s
street musician, who played on a
banjo, to whoso accompaniment
lho men were made to alng
Save tho King."
Owing; to the meeting (lf Uie un.
employed on Cambie Street ground!
on Sunday afternoon, the KcruIhi
propaganda mvcUntc of the Cosh.
District will Im- held nt 12 o'clocl
noon Instead of 2 p.m. as formerly .frAGBTOT
..February 11, !•«/
Published every Friday morning by Th, & Ol
' FederationiBt, Limited
A. 8. WELLS...
Office:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 34) Fender
Street Weat
Telephone Seymour 5871
Bubicrlbtion Rates: Unitod States and Foreign,
13.1)0 per year; Canada, 12.60 per year, 11.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor: Tho Hope of the World
..February Hi 1921
IN MANY elections throughout the
world much disappointment has been
expressed at tho results or lack ol results secured by labor in the effort to
elect representatives of the working
class. It is not so long
ALL ago that there was much
RESTS ON wailing and gnashing of
WORKERS teeth in labor's ranks because of the poor showing made by the workers in the elec-
' tions in this province. In the West
Petcrboro election the same wail has
arisen from the workers. From South
'Africa we shall, no doubt, in due time,
hare similar repinings. Naturally the ruling class is extremely gratified to see the
poor showing made by labor, but to the
Socialist there is nothing to be uneasy
* * •
The failure of the labor parties to
make headway is due to two reasons.
First the lack of clarity in the parties
on the working-class position, and the
medicore nature of the so-called labor
candidates, and the lack of understanding that the workers themselves have of
their position in society. While the idea
still prevails that the workers can
achieve anything for themselves either
individually or collectively under capitalism, very little progress can or will
be made. The usual type of labor men
running for parliament is of such a nature as to preclude any possibility of
them being ablo to clarify the situation.
Holding, as they do,*that something can
be accomplished here and now for the
workers by sending men to parliament
and failing to realize that it is impossible
to reform the present system, these individuals instead of aiding in spreading
knowledge to the workers, are more
often found confusing the issue.
* # ♦     —
Naturally the workers themselves are
the ones who elect their standard bearers, and the representatives they choose
must, of necessity, reflect the intelligence
that they possess and the understanding
that they have of their position in solely. This place* the responsibility
where it must finally rest. It must then
be apparent that until the workers study
their position in socioty that their efforts m.w# always result in leading them
np a blind ally. The blind cannot lead
the blind. Clear thinking, and a clear
'. understanding of the working-class position, can only be secured by study, and
if the workers adopt these methods then
they will not need -leaders. They will
outline thcir own policies. Carry out
their own intentions, and according to
their own knowledge carry on the propaganda that will not only result in the
election of members of parliament, but
' finally achieve their emancipation.
PREMIER DRURY of Ontario, iu a
speech given recently, stated that
"there has been a lamentable development of class consciousness on the part
of Capital and Labor of late, through a
failure to under-
WHY THIS stand    the    situa-
CLASS tion."  Later in his
CONSCIOUSNESS    address  he stated,
"Unless it were
recognized that man was more than
a mero machine they were going to
turn him into something dangerous,
and he was not normally so." No
doubt Premier Drury would like to see
"normalcy" once again established. If
by that he means that man should be allowed to become normal, we are with him,
but fail to see how it is possible for man
to be normal when he is compelled to live
under an abnormal system. A system
that is based on exploitation and under
which the morals and ethics are such as
to place a premium on robbery. The
test of success in present-day socioty is
determined by the amount thc individual
" has made." How he makes it is another
» » »
The development of class consciouspess
in society must of necessity intimate that
there are class antagonisms. In other
words there must be two classes in society, whose interests do not coincide or
there would be no class conflict. If that
premise is correct, then there must be a
base for a olass antagonism and a class
consciousness developed. The Socialist
recognizing the base of class consciousness does not create the class lines of demarcation, but merely points them out
With the ultimate objeot of removing the
cause of class antagonisms by eliminating
the present wage slavery system. Society
is composed of two classes: those that
have, and those that have not; one class
in possession of the means of wealth production, and tho other entirely divorced
from the tools by which wealth is created.
When the non-possessing class seeks to secure a livelihood, thc class antagonisms
are first manifested.
« * *
As capitalism developed, so the machinery of production became more -and
more complex and consequently the class
lines were drawn clearer and clearer until
the workers are able to see through the
camouflage that surrounds the1 wage system. As the workers become more and
more conscious of the cause of all their
troubles and commence to   attack   the
power which the employing olass holds,
even though it only be a verbal attack,
the memberi of the ruling olass . drop
inner differences and line up on strictly
class lines. Both classes in society lining
up according to their interests, which are
diametrically opposed—the one seeking to
hold, and the other to secure the point
of vantage that will advance the interests
of its own membership. This is natural
and inevitable. History proves that the
history of the human animal has been a
series of class struggles. The pre. endone
will, however, be more bitter than any
previous one, but must be fought to a
finish before the human race can eliminate the cause of class warfare which spells
destruction, starvation and stagnation.
Class consciousness is a product of the
class nature of society, and until that is
eliminated, thc consciousness of the two
opposing forces in society will develop.
It is the mission of the working class to
eliminate the class warfare, and that can
only be done by changing the nature of
society. By making thoclass ownership,
of the means of wealth production impossible tad establishing the co-operative
commonwealth, which will give to all
•willing to take their share in production,
a fuller life than has ever been possible
while human slavery existed. The class
struggle is not becoming more evident as
a lack of understanding, but the very reverse. Man will become normal when he
is free and not before.
IT IS surprising the amount of confusion that exists in the minds of the
workers on just what political action
means. Many take the stand that there
is nothing in political action, and they
advocate what they
POLITICAL term direct action,
OR "ECONOMIO"   or the use of their
ACTION economic   power.
The latest expression of this confusion is contained in a
suggested amendment tp the constitution
of the Sudbury district of the Lumber
Workers' department of the 0. B; U.,
which reads as follows: "That no member nor official of the organization shall
belong Jo any political organization whilo
a member or engaged by this union." It
is only fair to state that the delegates
to the convention which decided to submit this question to the membership, did
not agree on the question, and wej are
given to understand that the majority
of the delegates opposed it, but decided
that the membership should decide the
question for themselves.
* » »
While they may not realize it, any
member of any industrial or craft organization who) by word of mouth advocates a change in the methods of production, is engaging in political action
They are, while members of an organization that is not considered a political institution, making it function to some extent as a political factor; while possibly
advocating what they term direct action
on the job to bring about a change in
society. It is because of this confusion of
mind as to what constitutes political action that such proposals as will be voted
on by the workers in Sudbury are even
for a minute given consideration.
Economic power lies in thc ability of
the individual or, groups of individuals
to produce from the natural resources
and raw .materials those things which
constitute commodities or wealth. When
the workers employ direct action, as they
term it, and cease to function on the
job; they aro not using their "economic
power" for they never had that power
to exercise. It is perfectly true that the
workera arc exploited on the job and
are engaged when working in producing
wealth, but that does not constitute economic power. As an illustration we will
take the present unemployed situation.
If the workers have economic power, i.e.,
thc power to produce wealth, how is it
that they are idle and are unable to
pvoduce wealth! How is it that thoy are
idle and are unable to secure the necessities of life? Where, in the name of
a slave-class, have the slaves stowed
their economic poVcr when they need it
the most? Surely they have not put it
in cold storage, or mislaid it. The truth
of the matter lies in the fact that the
employing class has, by securing control of political power, also secured the
economic power. Tho workers cannot
produce wealth unless thc employing
class allows them to do so, and consequently by the ownership of the means
of wealth production, thc ruling class in
society controls the only economic power
that exists, and only when the workers.
seize political powor will they have tho
economic power in their grasp.
There also exists a confusion as to
where and when the workers engage in
political action. Many of the exponents
of the wobbly philosophy take the position that political action begins and ends
with electing members to thc legislature.
History evidently has no lesson for these
confusionists. A political act is any move
to secure political power whether it bo
the ballot box action, or carrying on
propaganda, or the direct method of tile
Bolsheviki. Lenin himself took part in
a legislative assembly in Russia, and has
laid it down as a fundamental that the
workers oust engage in bourgeoise parliamentary activities, with the object of
pointing to thc workers the function of
the modern state, and to undermine the
political power of the present ruling
class. That the ruling class understands
politieal action is shown in the number
of class war prisoners that are now
languishing in gaol as a result of their
utterances and propaganda efforts in
every country in thc world. While Oliver
Cromwell had faith in political action,
ho closed parliament, and the elass he
represented ruled without it. He, however, realized just what political action
meant, which is any action to secure tho
control of the powers of the state and
thereby thc political and economic power.
Great Britain has often been pointed
out to. lis aa the home of constitution..!
mcthoHa. It is the motfcer of parliaments,
but what appears at any given time aa
constitutional methods are often iff tho
light of history revealed as being the
reactionary attempts of the powers ttat
be to stem the tide of progress. We have
no hesitation in urging the workers pf
this country to take every opportunity of
engaging in the political struggle. By
electing members to the legislative halls,
municipal councils, and in fact to,eveipy
legislative body that exists. We do not;
however, take the position that this is
all that is necessary for the workers to
securo political and economic power.
Time alone will prove what methods wjll
be necessary, anij the necessity of taking
other methods than those that are at this
time looked uppn as constitutional. The
amount of reactionary efforts put forward by the present ruling class will determine the extent of the activities of
the workers on lines that do not appeal
to bcurgeeise democracy enthusiasts. In
the meantime the workers have neither
pelitical nor economic power. They cannot exercise that which they do not possess, and1 until they unite on the political
field with a class conscious programme
they will be unable to secure tha only
power that will give them the freedom
to uso their energies in the production
of wealth, and until they have political
power, to talk of economio strength
is sheer nonsense. By the _. class
ownership of the means of wealth
production, the present ruling class
has the economic' flower, they have
by political action secured the ownership of the means whereby wealth is
produced, thereby enslaving the workers, and slaves never had, or will have,
any power except that which their masters allow them; and it is a certainty
that the present ruling class will never
surrender its economic power to the
workers before they undermine the political power by which the ruling class enslaves and exploits the workers of the
In view of the world chaos as a result
of the late war, the words of Frederick
Engles on the subject of European war
are more than interesting.
(This remarkable passage is from
a preface written by Engels in/1887
for Borkheim's book, "A Memento
for the German Jingoes.")
"And, finally, no other wars will
be possible for Prussia (Germany) > l
but a world war, a war so extensive '
and frightful as has been hitherto '
uni bought of. Eight to ten millions)'
of soldiers will murder one another ■
aud incidentally devour Europe as
would a swarm of locusts.  The _%*_ \
vastations of the Thirty Years' War *
pressed together into three or four
years and spread over the ei^ire., j
centinent; famine, epidemics, a par-.,
tial return to savagery on the part
of the armies and the masses of the
people, brought about by acute suffering; demoralization of trade, industry and credit, ending in general
bankruptcy!   An  absolute impossibility to predict how all will end and
who will be the viet er. One thing is
absolutely  certain,  general exhaus-
tion, and thc bringing about of the
conditions which will be necessary
for the final vitcory of the working
"This is what must be looked forward to when the system of competitive armament will have borne its
inevitable fruits. Te this pass, .
princes and statesmen, you haVe
brought Europe, and if nothing else
is left to you but to start the last
great war dance, we may as well be
satisfied with it. The war may, perhaps, force us into the back-ground
for the moment; may.even take from
us many a position we had conquer-'
ed, but if you lose the forces which
you are afterward enable to control,
things might *as well go as they
The Kitsilano Times is very wrothy
about the way potatoes and other necessities are" being hoarded in order to keep
up prices. This enlightened journal has
the following to say on the question of
"Wo may not enthuse over a tag-
day for heathens alleged to be starving in some missionary compound on
thc edge of the Gobi desert in far-off
Cathay, but if a tag-day was held fer
the very laudable, purposo of acquiring sufficient yardage of good hempen
rope, wherewith to hang from tho
nearest convenient lamp post the despicable fiends of greed who hoar;};,
food till it rots, wc will guarantee ito n
do our D to make it a success;"1 '■'■'
Might we suggest that instead.^.<$
hanging the profiteers as suggested in the
above, that it would be better to put them
to work. They won't mind hanging;Tint
they would surely hate to go to wor^, ™
The presB reports that Premier Meighen
is still as light hearted as a boy in si>ite
of the government reverse at West Peter-
boro. No doubt he will be lighter hearted
when he will be compelled by an outraged population to get into his hole and
draw it in after him. As an example of
how low a capitalistic politician can-fa!
he has no equal.
Sir Peter Rylands, head of the Federation of British Industries, regards a decrease in the wages of the British workers as inevitable. Our opinion is that
thc abolition of wages entirely is not only
inevitable, but most necessary, and for
that reason will be abolished.
"Important changes coming at
Ottawa," says a Thursday's press dis-
patoh. Sure, Meighen will be out of there
within six months.
Now watch the provinoial legislature
solve the great question of the day,
namely, unemployment.'
The Big Round Home
Thoughts Suggested by the Third
On* ef lh* deslderatums of the
disciple la th.osophy la to reach
that point where he ia one within perfeot sympathy with—every
oreature on earth, Inferior to none,
superior to none. Few of ua can
feel that we shall ever be able to
rise to this, but for some of us
there haa been slowly realized the
fact that the world and not one
spot in the world ls our home and
that there are men ln evory corner
of that home who are true brothers,
knit closer to our spirits than by
blood, class, nationality, language
or upbringing:.
To many this may seem too trite
an idea to put on paper, nevertheless It ls still an impossible and incomprehensible one to millions of
Englishmen, whether they live
their "lives enclosed" ln Surrey, or
have migrated untainted to a British coterie on Vancouver Island.
To the man, however, who goes
to an fro on the face of the earth
with a "good loose trade," as a
character in a ourrent serial puts
lt, there ia gradually borne in that
the word "home" aa applied to one
place is a mueh over-rated term;
and that the "settled home" with
its roots plunged deep ln the soil
more often means boredom, a dogging and tramelling of spirit; a belittling of the nature and a. starvation of the larger lfhpul.es than
anything else. As he grows wise
through the meeting of many men
he also learns that the new companions he finds are not really new
but the same old ones he mourned
to leave behind.
Time was when Me and Myself
had a settled home and a "stake
in the land." Me olung to it, strove
to improve and to beautify it and
insisted to Myself that it was a
most desirable thing to have a
home of one's own for life. But
sometimes when Myself thought
Me was not listening Bhe ' would
wail in a little far away voice:
"Lord,' Lord, am I here for life,
till I die?" and a great grey bleakness would 'settle on her. Then
came along a quite unexpected fate
that wrested the home from Me,
left Me homeless, penniless, stripped. Me went to sleep as one who
had done her duty. Then Aly&elf
came forth singing a paeon of jcy.
"Now Me can ^rest forever. Now
Myself is free forever, free from
cursed clogging land ' and things,
things, things. Now the world is
the only home for Myself."
After that Myself was liko one
who. has been freed from chains
and wherever there was a tree in
sight and water and a mountain if
possible, a flre and a place to possess her soul in peace, Myself was
content. Books, chair, stove, kettle and incidentally the "good loose
trado," and anywhere ln tho world
was home.
The time will come, perhnps,
when all men realise this—that instead of being a virtuous and desirable thing the homestead idea
is a vicious and warping one, a
hindrance to right living, a clog to
and a stlfler of the beautiful side
of the spirit of man.
So with the people. We have
mourned many a time that we must
leave the good comrado behh.d and
tare on our lonely way, but after
meeting many people on tho road
of life we begin to realize that we
meet the same people man/ time,
in very slight' disguises and that,
bread ly speaking, the types of men
arc repeated over and over again.
Today he may be Italian, tomorrow
Kuglish, and next year Jap, but the
type ls the same and in half an
hour you can learn whether he is
the good comrade, well met, once
again, or lf he Is the type you have
not got time to dally with.
While still now to the road and
perhaps lonely ln a new land you
hail with joy the stray man of.your
own nationality and revel In the
marvellous coincidence that he was
born In your country and went to
your old school and knows your
friends the Robinsons. In- an hour
you are both bored to death and
part with lying asservations that
"We'll see eaoh othor again before
we go." You turn around and in a
dusky Hindu or a Pole or a Norwegian you flnd again the good
comrade. Last year, perhaps, he
was a Scotchman and the y_ar before a German. The flrst time you
met him was when you were very
. nuns and when he left you you
thought that he was the flrst and
last. But here he ls again, pe.haps
with a brown face, striving to maku
himself known through broken
English—your old comrade once
again. While the man of your own
oountry and your own school ia
poles apart from you.
Perhaps nowhere ln Canada as
on thts Pacific slope—where in a
community of twenty there may be
six different nationalities—doei one
realize this phenomenon of the brotherhood of the spirit irrespective
of alt disguises of race, language
and custom. A thousand and more
years the good comrades may have
taken to roach each other, but a
sentence or even a look Is often
sufficient for recognition.
Once get this idea and life truly
becomes an adventure, for always
at the hew camping place after, the
flre is Ut and the "good loose trade"
has started to boll the pot the next
question ls "Where Is be hiding?"
Tou expeot to flnd him an American and he turns out to be a Jap.
Tou have a "hunoh" that he Ib
among the Irish but behold a Russian gives the sign, and once again
the good* comrades have met.
The little homesteaders in England and America, France and Canada will still go pottering round
among their very own pigs and
hens , but the good comrades of
the big round home are linking up
a chain that will go round and up
and down and ln and out and one
day the Uttle homesteader will look
up from his very own turkeys and
potatoes and realise that he must
join up or go out.
£1. D.
Stool Pigeons Cause Arrest et Socialists During Commomor- ,
atlon Demonstration
Athens,—On January 1. the Sooialist party held a meeting ln
commemoration of Leibknecht and
Rosa Luxembourg,
'Many workers attended from
Athens at the Piraeus, but the aetion of agents-provocateurs caused disorder, and the police arrested the speakers tot "insulting the
Ths governmental papers demand the prosecution of the Socialist party.
Jewelry Workers Dance
The Jewelry Workers are giving
their second annual dance on Friday the 18th of February at the
West End Academy, 1166 Oeorgia
Street West. Dancing from 9 to
13. Gents, 75c; ladies, 60c, and
everybody 'welcome. At the last
regular meeting of the local the
following ollicers were elected:
President, W. Wilson; flrst vice-
president, L. Chase; second vioe-
prhsldent, Fred Davis; -Unanolal
secretary, F. C. Tarral; corresponding secretary, L. R. Stevens; treasurer, George Hodgson; trustee, C.
Cooper and F. Ball.
Tonight (Friday), Cotillion Hall,
whist drive and masquerade dance
in aid of funds to liquidate debt
on hall..  Fancy dress optional.
Saturuy, February 12, headquarters, lit Cordova Street West,
social and whisfBrlve. Free. Collections in aid of fund to liquidate
debt on hall.
Sunday, 8 p.m., Mrs. Corse will
speak at Columbia Theatre.
Thursday, speakers' class at
headquarters, 148 Cordova Street
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
The International
Oor. Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
For Sale
Doing Excellent Business
Hi Cordova Street West
Snap Price, $800.00
FtaoM Seymoar till
A Comedy Drama
"The Misleading Lady"
Featuring E<1) the Elliott
Nut Wuk
Milody snd Mirth
Othir Bif Fastens
We Are Meeting Prices
As They Go Down
Hen's   Gloves,   leather  palm,
for   BOo
AU Leather Gloves  .«6o
Horsehide Gloves .11.118
Wool Mitts .500
Leather Mitts SOo
Leather Mitts, index flnger..SOo
Men's Working Sox, pair ....IM
Men's Wool Sweaters ....13.00
Men's fop Shirts  ...|1.00
Men's Rubberised Underwear,
ault   .....»B.50
Men's Ties, from  BOO
Men's Work Boots from, per
pair .
Fine Boots from, pair $4.60
•ult Cases and Valises at aU
prices and sises.
Men's Hats -	
Just received a new  line   of
Stetson Hats.
18 and 20 Oordova St. W.
444 Main Street
In Artistic Settings
We have them for your viewing ln avary
attractive form of Jewelry that fashion or
yonr own personal preference dictates.
There Is an exquisite beauty, a rare dignity of form to many of
these scintillating, sparkling pieces that win yonr admiration
whether you aro a purchaser or a visitor casually looking around.
You wiU flna much to Interest you In our Diamond room.
The House of Diamonds
480-400   Granville   Street
At Cornor Pender
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting, are features of out dental plate department.
Dr.' Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
OUO Comer Robson
jOver Owl Drug Store. _Sey. 633f
Stanley Steam
Taxi do.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
114 Abbott St.     Vanoouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct ***
Price the lowest possible consistent with
_t\y   -
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
'   at both  stores
J, W. Foster
Matinee 2:80
Evenings 8:20
Ring np Phone Seymonr 3164
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at cost. Our stoek
ls Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 2715
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
Phone Fsirmont 68
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Say. Ul     Day or Night
611 Homer St. Vanconver, B. C.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Tatt
Fair view: Office and Chapel.
.its Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 1100.
North Vancouver: Office aat
Chapel, 122 Sixth St W.
Phene N. V. 124.
Mount Pleasant:   Office aal
Chapel, 1121 Mala flt
Phono Fairmont li.
mo owns itrm i
Sudlj l.r.k.i, 11 _jc. aad T.M tm,
Oe.le, itbool lna.dui.lr leOraUa
mo-nlnf iutIm.    Wtianisr INtlMMlS
ottoT. ihtS'aiol"' """ "*
16 Hastings St. —
0. I. V. OABD
Fstnaiu Itmt Who Fi totalis Tal
HEN th* atorm king ii nufr
pant lad th* telephono wins
go down, th* troubl* li A
most instantly known at k**£
quarters and steps ar* Immedlatwy
taken to effect at least temporal*
repairs. Usually, th* Berries Is MU
ot commission for oaly ft shift
tlm*, for svsry preparation Ul
been mad* tot th* emergen^
When yoa se* a storm rsglft*
when yoa hear th* wind, rem«£
bar that the telephone troublcrtftt
Is eheeklnfl his kit to se* thai
everything Is ready when th* nam
comes that the wires ar* dova.
Brltlih Columbia Telephone
TBE   OH—t    ..,.v«    MADE
Bast Quality—Right Prloea
Ui Carrall Street.
 ' Sey, 1160	
wb_jt rov ask roi
■   v
and ITon-alcoholle wlu* of IB
__ I TRtSATS....Bg. ..Hehruary it, Hit
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Banlc—Corner of Hastings
ana Richards
Phones:    Seymour 60S)
Highland US*—
We have been wrongfully accused of practicing medicine,
which we do not We have
ehown what the most eminent physicians and surgeons
ot bo^h hemispheres think
about the so-callod medical
science, that lt is nothing hut
humbug, unscientilio, unreliable and just plain guesswork. .Now hear what theso
same men say ot the Drugless
"The Drugless Healer is one
of the best things that haa
come into the life of tile
present" Ohas. .Mayo, M.D.,
Rochester, Minn.
"Drugless Healers are dally
turning back Into the world
people made sound and well
by their simple and correct
work, who have been pronounced Incurable and beyond the roach of medical
science. I leave the reader
to pick the quacks." W. A.
Turner, MJ_., Portland, Ore.
"The skill of some Drugless
Healers in curing disease
should make the most brilliant surgeons tn the land
ashamed of his incapacity."
Alfred Walten, M.D., Philadelphia, Fa.
"What a patient wants Is Results. If the M.D.s cannot
give them to him, although
he learnedly tells him what
is the matter with him, and
the Drugless Healer can, Just
ao long these methods of
treatment are going to have
followers, and rightly, too."
Rlohard Cabot, Chief, Medical Staff, Massachusetts General Hospital,
We use Drugless Methods, no
knife, poison, nor pain in our
treatment. Every disease is
curable, but not every person.
Soy. «M High. 2131L
Berlin.—Declaring that thetr object of directing attention to the
necessity for political amnesty in
Finland has been obtained, the Socialist members of the Finnish parliament have dropped their policy
ot obstruction, after having practiced It 29 hours, says a dispatch
from Helsingfors.
Pulp and Sulphite workera of
Toronto have been granted an increase of from 6 to 10 cents per
hour for this year.
SAVE HONEY by uiing
Smaller- Grade* of
Stove $12.50 Ton
•The demand tor this coal I*
proof ef the quality.
Thla ls the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL    In
Vancouver,    bar
McNeill, Welch J
Phone Sey. 404-5-6
(By Wayfarar)
WHAT li democracy, aa it le
understood today and interpreted by the exponent! of
the existing: social order? They
speak of representative Institutions, of every man and many women having a vote, a voice in
choosing representatives and the
government; of equality before the
law, which is the same for rich
and poor, capitalist and worker
alike; of equal opportunity for
every one, If sufficiently ambitious,
industrious, etc., to rise to wealth,
Influence or office. The literature
never wearies of telling nice Uttle
storios of men who have "risen
from the ranks." In fact, their
Ideal demooraoy seems to be' a
weltering mass of tollers, with a
few conspicuous examples of those
in whom the predatoi^y instinct
and faculties are the strongest,
who have amassed wealth created
by others, and who therefore havo
the divine right, as captains of Industry, born leaders of men, to
guide and control the dsyelopment
and prosperity of theif country,
and to give to governments and the
press the bonefits of tlieir understanding and wisdom.
Thoss who have studied the
science of economics and socio,
logy, who represent the advanced
thought of today, understand how
this political system called democracy and its rationale and Ideology have evolved through the history of class struggles and the olash
of economlo interests, with the
widening bases and development of
man's Industry and productive processes; and they realise how hoi-;
low is the protonoe that this so-
called political freedom and these
dcmocratlo Institutions confer any
real degree of liberty on the subject masses, or that they are ln any
way capable of solving the economic and social problems that are
bringing to a state of bankruptcy
and anarohy the present order of
society. And it would seem that
many people, particularly the
workers In the industries, are rap-,
Idly becoming disillusioned and are
losing faith In the social system
and political institutions that pre-
rent such extreme contrasts oe-
tween nominal functions and actual achievement. However, the
elections that take place from time
to time on this continent and elsewhere, for govei'n ments and other
public offices, evon sometimes foi
the workers' own organizations, do
not show much evidence of any
real enlightenment or inw.'.Ujjont
effort of the workers or the public
at large. So we must patiently
writ the further development of
events and try, betoto the down'
j-ward course of capitalist society bo
comes too calamitous, to set
truth before the workers.
Workers' Mission
For lt Is the tcnowiedge of tho
tiuth on whieh we depend—tho
clear understanding o! tacts aa they
are, and oT the' iUws lhat govern
(hem, ln the evolution of society
/.nd lt Is on tht workers thot tho
duty devolves of saving society
from Impending ruin and building
up the new systom. to which we
a.-e Inevitably tenulrg. They form
thc vastly preponderating factor in
society, the fundamentally necessary one; and that society in which
thou position beomifc constantly
more precarious and more inadequate to fulfil the ujeds of life, Is
doomed; and tt is only they who
can build up the new life that will
harmonize productive Industry and
social organisation with the needs
and well-being of all Its membert.
And lt Is only they who, by their
direct contact with the fundamental processes of life, and thetr labors that sustain the whole of soolety, can, especially in a decadent
age, understand what are the real
needs of society and the best means
of attaining them. It ls the object
of this article, therefore, to attempt
the discussion of some aspects of
this strange illusion, this Will o'
the Wisp, called democracy; of
some of the methods its exponents
and advocates adopt In hoodwink-
ing the workers into the belief that
it represents and promotes their
best interests; and In perpetuating
the ancient Ideals and fictions of a
society based on class-ownership,
dominance and nrlvllege.
We are told that democracy
means government of the people,
by and for the people; that lt means
government by the majority for
the good of the governed; that it
Implies the expression of the will
of the people, through Its representative Institutions, ln promoting
the welfare of all. The legislative,
administrative, Judicial and executive bodies and powers aro supposed to uphold the equal rights
of all.
It is only necessary to state these
pretensions ln order to emphasize
the fact ln the mind of every
thoughtful observer that their very
opposite prevails. Under the forms
of so-called popular government,
the voters at certain intervals exercise a very limited choice of election of the members of municipal
or legislative bodies; and, even at
this stage, the choloe and power of
decision lies not so much with them
as with the political machines and
the press working for organlud In-
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terests. As Marx said, tha people
are allowed once In every few years
to decide which members (or servants) of the ruling olass shall oppress and repress them through
parliament. Apart from these spasmodic and fleeting moments called
elections, the great majority of
men exercise no Influence whatever
on the course of events. Their so-
called representatives convene at
certain titties and places and oome
under wholly different influences
and, from that time on, their deliberations and doings are more or
leas restricted and controlled by
the machinery of government,
which, ln its turn is responsible and
subservient to higher powers, and
the public only knows what It is
allowed to know through a press,
controlled also by the higher powers,
State Expression of Ruling Claw
There ls nothing specially modern about this except ln the methods, AU through the story of
man, since governments hava existed, the dominant classes of soolety have controlled the thought
and Institutions of society In, their
own Interests, till more more powerful economic Interests have developed and gained the mastery and
continued in control. Bfut eaoh dominant olass, ruling power or governing system has ln turn professed to rule in the interests of society, and has had the means and
power of making It appear to be so.
A pamphlet has recently appeared, "The state and Revolution,"
by Lenin, ln whtch he unfolds the
teaching of Marx and Engels on
the subject of "The State," in their
own scientific and lucid manner.
Indeed, It reads like a continuation
of "Socialism, Utopian and Scientific," by Engels, and ls an expression of the genius of Lenin, as well
as of that of Marx and Engels. In
these two books, it ls clearly shown
that "The State," however democratic, has always been, and must
■always be, the expression and Instrument of the powers of government exercised by a governing class
over a people governed; that ls,
whother the prevailing conditions
and bases of production have been
thoae of slavery, serfdom (feudal-
Ism) or wage labor(capltallsm),
th© function of the state has been
to exercise sufflclent repression
over the subject classes, over their
minds as well as thetr bodies, to*
uphold and perpetuate the system
and make lt workable In the Interests of the dominant classes.
While professing to reconcile the
antagonism of warring classes and
Impartially to uphold law and order, these processes, are necessarily
enforced In tha^fn tores ts of the
dominant classes. In the evolution W society, the state ls the inevitable product of those stages
which are based on a class-system,
When this system shall be abolished, with Its special class-ownership
of the life-sustaining resources and
machinery of society, with all
special privileges, monopolies and
powers, then the state as it has existed, will exist no more. Political
demooraoy, with Its repressions
and delusions, will vanish, and a
society will develop, based on the
principle of equal opportunity for
all; whieh will later give place to
the higher principle ln evolution
of social service, "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs."
Ruling Olass Controls
We are led to suppose by the
upholders of democracy that "universal suffrage" Is the "ne plus
ultra," the highest point of achievement of that system; the crowning
glory, culmination and Anal perfection of all the blessings bestowed on the people by our liberal authorities, our age-long struggle for
liberty and our beneficent rulers,
etc. Let us examine it. Even today universal suffrage is far short
of adult suffrage. Not to speak of
the llmfted number of women
voters, great numbers of tho workers are unable through the nature
of the methods by which they are
compelled to search for a living,
even to register. And as to intelligent voting, what of the machinery that promotes and facilitates that? Is it not all so muni
pulated as strongly to Influence, lf
not to compel, the people to vote
In the interests of the class that
manipulates lt? The wogcers are
the preponderating element, numerically, ln society. Have they e
preponderating Influence tn putting
their Interests and views before
the public? Do they largely control the press, the use of public
halls and assemblies, or even of
open-air meetings, or the machinery of education, literature, religious teaching, organizations for appealing to and educating the public; or the machinery of the law,
which determines ultimately what
shall or shall not be spoken or
published, and indeed who shall or
shall not be permitted to address
the public? Are they not harassed
and restricted at every turn In these
matters, and heavily handicapped
financially both In defending their
rights legally or promoting them
politically? Equality before the
law, constitutional rights, equal
powers in voting and deciding as
to government, aro exercised within strict limitations and, we are
continually reminded in the press,
do not Include the right to change
the constitutions of countries, or
to promulgate new ideas for the
higher evolution of society; and
those who express such Ideas are
penalized In many ways and denounced as criminals and enemies
of society ln the myrlad-tongued
press. A generation or two ago,
much greater freedom for public
discussion ot new Ideas existed. In
these days, It Is enough to express
tho hopes and aspirations for humanity, that have been uttered by
sages and seers ln all ages, to be
denounced and plllaried by crude,
narrow-vlsloned modern writers,
the henchmen of plutocracy, so
deeply have the necessities of a plutocratic society stunned and stunted the mind of man.
But t0 return to universal suffrage—of what use is It to the
masses of toilers, stunted, thwarted, deadened by the sordid grind,
precarious life; the dehumanizing
surroundings and Influences that
often degrade family life into something lower than that of tho beasts,
which aro their lot in this advanced
age u' industrialism and demociacy.
The crushed victims of capitalist
exploitation, what can democracy
and the suffrage do for them, excopt  further  delude  and  subdue
-   -.    an five YEARS
Were Dancing When a Shot WaS
_-:    flraq at Polloe—All Were
., .   .. Arreeted
them and strengthen the position
of those who govern?
We have noticed some of the Influences that affect voting. Are the
machinery of'the state, the organization of bourgeois society and, ultimately, of the plutocracy, any lesi
powerful when they come to deal
with the so-called representatives
ln their councils, ln excluding the
lower orders, the have-nots, the
proletariat from governing and administrative power? How nicely
everything is adjusted to mold
these representatives info the right
type of public mail, servant of the
state, etc., their verx environment
and atmosphere weighing them
-down with a sense of responsibility
as good citizens, loyal to the state
and the existing order. If any of
them should not prove amenable
to these influences, the press, either
by denunciation, misrepresentation
or silence, can easily put them in
the wrong before the public or ignore them altogether. The very
character and working, the technique of parliaments and publlo Institutions, place strict limitations
on them; and on their subservience to the controlling Interests,
depends thetr further sphere of
usefulness and servioe, Is lt conceivable that, In the evolution of
government and of society, organised for produotlon under capitalist
ownership and wage laber, the ruling olass should ao misunderstand
Its functions of leadership and control, aa to allow the dependent
classes to,oust them from their privileged position, when they have
all tha machinery for retaining lt
tn their hands, and when the democratizing of society only broadens tha political basis of their
strength, as long as that social order exists?
The Bice Are Loaded
Of coutaa we know that the forces
of the proletariat are constantly-
struggling against the barriers that
hem them In, with the impelling
Instinct of Incipient life seeking an
outlet But the dice are loaded
against them, the high cards are in
the hands of their adversaries, and
the very character of their constitutional rights ln a free democcraoy
Interpreted and controlled as they
are by lawful authority, only serve
to stamp the struggle of the proletariat as- "radical/* "unconstitutional" and "seditious."
The history of trade unions tn
the different capitalist cguntrii
gives a valuable, if Ironical, commentary on liberty and equal rights
In democracy. They have been
hampered and repressed at every
turn by class legislation and class-
controlled and inspired courts, and
have had less freedom often than
the slave organizations of ancient
civilizations. The bourgeois class
has always utilized the proletariat,
whether ln fighting or ln voting, in
Its historic struggle to supreme
power In the different states, and,
both ln the Industrial and political
processes of evolution, has develop,
ed the gTowth and power of the
proletariat by economic necessities
and forces it could not control, up
to the point where the usefulness
of the bourgeosls In soolety has
corns to an end, while that of the
proletariat ls supreme. In the processes of this struggle, ln the necessity for deception and fraud, for!
an Increasing assertion of democra-
tic and constitutional rights, with
an increasing repression of the inevitable and growing proletarian
movement, lies the root-cause of the
corruption and degradation of poll-
tics .public life, journalism and all
the functions and Institutions of
bourgeois society.
But, apart from the political aspects of democracy, what are the
position and prospects of the mass
of the workers, the people, economically considered ? Of what value
Is the reiterated assertion of equal
rights and opportunities for all;
that all may rise from the ranks,
lf they have the necessary merits
and qualifications? In a society so
constituted ag ours, based on competitive Industry, with the object
before it of Individual profit and
not social service, lt is obvolus that
all cannot rise, that the proportion that rises must be balanced by
the proportion which they surpass
in rising, and who, to that extent
fall. Society Is even now top-heavy.
Every year sees an Increase in the
proportion of those who live on
society, without producing or returning useful service to society;
people of wealth and those who
minister to their requirements,
supply their luxuries, etc., armies
of officials ln the Increasing departments of the state and complexity of administration; armies of
the repressive forces, which must
likewise increase as the proletariat
advances and the class struggle becomes keener. With all this, the
machinery of society becomes more
cumbersome ond extravagant, the
drain on the public revenues great'
er, the general morale lower, as
less also the skill and aptitude of
the governing classes.
Dog Ent Dog Polloy
How profoundly immoral Is this
cry of equal opportunities for all to
rise? What a scathing reflection
on the nature and standards of our
social system. It means ln practico the universal necessity of each
seeking his own good, regardless
of, and at the expense of his fellow
man, and a roward offered for the
exercise of the most undesirable ot
social qualities. It callously acquiesces In leaving the mass in a
condition far below any decent
standard of well-being and happiness, where It exists, ls bought at
ths price of the suffering and degradation of others. It Is simply
"dog eat dog" and "the devil take
the hindmost," and yet those who
point out that man's command of
natural resources and machinery
of production are easily sufficient
to provide for and assure the physical and moral well-being of all,
are denounoed as unpractical
dreamers or self-seeking agitators;
and that other hackneyed assertion
Is repeated, the falsest of all the
utterances put forth by the spokesmen of the comfortable classes to
exclude thetr fellow men from tho
bountiful provisions of nature: That
human nature ln the mass Is not
flt to beneflt by a better social system; that such a system can not bft
ushered in till this human nature
ls "Improved." As lf the lesson of
all life, particularly that of man,
was not that all progress is strictly
conditioned and limited by environment,
Nevertheleps, there Is some mean
ing and method ln tho unstinted
advico to the workers to be indus-
v.St'iy young men murt martial-
led In Limerick have ,each been
ae-.iivxed to ten year/ penal servitude, U which wt*_ <ein hav boon
*<Mi.iUed. These mr." «uc attending a dance near Bruff on Boxing
Day,. Police auxiliaries were driving towards the house when a shot
Was tired and a policeman killed.
The house was surrounded and entered, after which, It was reported,
five civilians were shot dead.
Toronto Carpenters are seeking
fl an hour in their new wage
agreement. It also Includes double
time for overtime.
trious and thrifty and lay by for a
rainy day. Those who love to picture the awful coneequences that
would follow on "Socialism" remind
us what masses of capital are held
by small investors, presumably the
working classes, and tho hardship
It would bring on them if this were
confiscated. One has met with cases
ln one's own limited experlenoe, of
skilled workmen who have invested
their savings of years—and lost
them; In "Industrials/'. "Trust
companies," a house and lot and
what not, and lt reminds one that
our capitalist system has many
functions and methods, besides
those of exploiting labor, for draining off the surplus wealth of the
workers. How often one has met
a case of the model workingman
who has saved regularly, and lost
regularly; by sickness In the family; bad times and loss of employment; some small venture, in business, or mix-up with the law. Oh,
yesl the thrifty workingman has,
through exercising the virtues
disinterestedly recommended to'
him hy his superiors, contributed
his iota to the wealth and prosperity of his country in other ways
than by selling his labor power. A
thrifty worklngman is, u a rule,
like a puppy chasing hts tall. The
exercise may be good for him, but
lt does not Increase hla possessions.
If increased thrift should be exercised by all workers wlthlri a definite period, It would of course
lower still further thetr cost of living and would be followed Immediately by a fall ln wages; as the
first necessity of thrift is to have a
job, and workers are more numerous than Jobs and everywhere compete for them, and will continue to
do so as long ae the jobs aro owned
by one class ln sgptety, and ara
used for the proflt of that class,
instead of simply for the purpose
of supporting the life of society.
And, when the workers, by reason
of the stimulus to production, caused by their thrift and Its consequent
cheapening of labor, have produced
more than the owners of their product can dispose of profitably for
a time, they can lay off and practice still more thrift, and meditate
on the advantages and uses of democracy,
Tjie thrlf tlessness of the workers,
especially during a period'of high
wagfte. is a common matter of observation among the members of
the bourgeoisie, hnd of comment
in their comlo papers. They do
not look below the surface of
things, for natural causes, but regulate their mental processes by
empty catch-words and conventional sentiments. They do not realise
that the usual lot of the workers
ls one of compulsory abstinence
from the good things of life; that
compulsion Is, in the ordinary processes of life .the worst teacher,
that lt develops mental antagonism, resentfulness and non-recep-
ttvlty, and causes reaction and, In
the rare occasions when the pressure Is removed, a swing to the opposite extreme. This ts a law of
nature. When we are limited and
restricted against our will in the
satisfaction of our natural needs
and desires, then, when opportunity comes, we are forced, naturally
and Inevitably, Into Irrationality
and extravagance. Self-control Is
not developed ln thts vicissitude of
extreme states, In drudgery and ignorance! and yet ls ls In this environment that human nature (In
the masses) Is expected to improve
before It can be permitted to enjoy
more normal and healthy conditions
of existence!
One wonders how much evict "ee
there Is at the present day of nun-
tal and normal development among
those classes whose material environment ls superior to that of
the masses. But this opens up the
large subject of social psychology,
the study of human soolety aa an
organisation, and the demonstration that the healthy development
of any ogans and functions of an
organism, which Is In the main unhealthy, is Impossible; and It cannot be entered on here. It will be,
enough to say that a ohange ln the
social and economlo conditions of
soolety from those of compulsion,
of competition and antagonism in
Individual acquisition; of the material beneflt of one class at the
cost of privation and degradation
to the rest, for better conditions of
voluntary, co-operative effort for
collective objects and social service, must take place before man
can rise higher ln the path of evo-
utlon. Not only that, but man,
with the developed mentality of hlj
present stage, and the sooial con
sclousness (however much wilfully
suppressed or misled) of his re
spon si bill ties and obligations, can
only further enaompass his own
mental and moral degradation, till
he resolutely faces and accomplishes the social revolution that
all Ufe and nature Indicate as his
dest'lny. When he manfully swoops
away all the delusions and' rubbish of political democracy and enters on a state of equality In social
produotlon and enjoyment of the
things that sustain life and promote
weighting and happiness, then,
right soclat attitudo to hts fellow
.man, and all the processes of mental and moral development, will be
come as natural to him as lt Is for
birds to sing and flowers te bloom.
When the home ts no longor demoralized or broken up and fami
lies scattered by the pressure of
economic necessity, and the age
long slavery of m'an to man, class
to class, censes, then man "will bo-
come accustomed to tho observance
without force, conntrnlnt or the
compulsion or repreaslon of a state,
of those elementary rules of social
life known and taught for centuries." (Marx.) But democracy,
"ln tho narrow framework of capitalist exploitation," will always be
synonymous with slnvery for the
majority, and tho oonsclousness of
social Injustice, oppression and
Immorality, and will form a bar to
all higher development
Nearest Approach to Labor Government on the
Curious Legislation-Made
in Interest of the
Ladies' Sweater Coats  	
Ken's Sweater Coats, up to $7.50	
Men'8 Mackinaw Coats, up to $22.50 .
Stanfield's Red Label Underwear	
Union Made Overalls .tr	
Work Gloves—aU kinds „ .-,
Matt Maa
..One-thbd Off
(By Xftar.no. Todd, Federated
Press Stntt Corre.pond.nt)
Wuhlngton.—"T.U the working
elm pru. of Amerloa that Mexico
haa today th* noarut thing to
labor rov.rnm.nt that tht. continent ha* cnr eeen, and that tt 1»
almott a Socialist government,"
nid William H. Johnston, pre.ld.at
of th* International Association of
Machinists, upon hla return to
headquarter, her. from th. Second
Fan-American Labor Congress,
hold In Mexico City.  '
Sesldtnt Alvaro Obregon, lt
a, la now a member of th. Machinist* anion, and ta said to hav.
form .rly b..n a member of th.
Weitern Federation of Minera. Hla
prim. mlnlstsr la P. Eliaa Callea,
former governor af Sonora, who
compelled mln. owners In that
■tat. to pay full wagu to the mlnen th.y had locked out,, and JBO,-
000 additional a. damage, to th*
public—th* mon.y being uud to
build achool.. Antonio Vlllareal,
who wu lmprtaontd in tha tlm* of
Dlu and of Taft In an American
penitentiary became h* sought to
arouu th* Mexican workers to free
themielvei, Is now a cabinet mlnliter. Lull Morones, preaident of th.
Mexican Fed.ratlon of Labor, is
ohlef of the military commissariat,
ahd holds cabinet rank. Although
Maro no.' work 1. th* production of
military supplies undtr military
regulations, all of th* workmen ln
all th* .hope undor his command
aro now unionised and enjoy union
"It 1. truo that the new regime
In Mexico hM been under very
great presiur. from the United
Statu," said Johnaton, "but I believe that lt will yield nothing of
the rights of th* Mexican people.
Mlnliter de la Huerta, former provisional president, told me that
during his six months at th* head
of affairs he received no less than
fourteen notu from the state department at Washington, protesting
at som.thlng which Mexico wu doing.
Cancels Peon Debts
"I found the government officials
to b* alert, progressiva, and busy
with the carrying out of a programme to batter the condition of
the mane, of th* people. Soldiers
tre rapidly being placed upon the
land. In colonies of about 100 eaoh,
with Implements furnished so that
they may maintain themselves
from the start.
"De la Huerta told me how the
whole of the ttat* of Morelos wa*
owned by ten landlords. Th* peons
received 10 cents Amegcan money
per day, and as that wu insufficient
to provide more than food enough
to keep body and sold together,
they went Into debts to the land-
lffrda every time ther* wu a mar'
rlage, birth, death or othor Incident
of necessary expense. Thla new gov,
ernment—th* on* established lut
year'—wiped out thua debts and
began giving th* land to th* peons,
whil* It fixed on* dollar a day as
th* minimum legal wage."
Strikebreaking Forbidden
Johnston wu much Impressed hy
the Industrial revolution going for
ward in time of profound peace In
the republic. The governor of the
federal dlstriot of Mexico, a union
shoemaker, told htm that In alx
months ther* had been 1ST strike.
ln the district, not on* of which being lost. Laws of four Mexican
states forbid anyone taking th*
place of a striker. The constitution
of Mexico provldu that an employer who shall dismiss an employee
unjustly, or. for union activity or
striking shall either re-employ th*
workor or pay him three months'
wages, at the option of the Injured
This strange constitution also
says: "Labor associations formed
to protect the Interests of the laboring classes do not constltuts
monopolies." It prescribes that the
maximum legal workday shall be
eight hours, with a maximum of
seven hours for night work. Women and children under IS years,
may not be employed In u .healthful or dangerous occupations. Women may not b* employed during
',' Boys' Department very complete.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers J
■    2 Stores '!
Unheralded Military Dictatorship Orer the
By Frederick Kuh
(Fed. Frew Staff Correspondent)
Vl.nna.—Unherald.d and almost
unnoticed, what la tantamount to
a military dictatorship was estab-
llshed ln Poland during th* first
week ln January.
Th* vital function, of th* Stat*
today ar* In the hands of thru
men—Steoskowskl, Flnanc* Minister, the newly created Food Minis-
ter and Oeneral Norwld Neuge-
bauer, who becomes th* Mikado
of th* entire transport system. Thl*
triumvirate hu arrogated to itself
unrestricted powers on th* pretext of the Emergenoy Aot "tor
Poland's economlo consolidation.'
The real purport becomes obvious
when on* learns thst in th* c
of strlk** these dictators ar* empowered to militarise any or all ln-
dustrlu and publio utilities.
Aa financial Kaiier, steoskowskl
hu been Invest.d witk far-
reaching authority to float Pollah
concessions on foreign market*.
He hu already enabled th* Stan-
Oard Oil Trust to gala control of
th* Polish Naptha Corporation,
which possesses about IB p*r cent
of all the Galician oU field*. Several daya ago hs concluded a transaction whereby th* entire telephone system of Poland passu to
th* hand* of a Swedish company.
Finally lt Is reported on good
authority that during hh, visit to
Warsaw recently, the American
Senator, McCormlck, conducted negotiations with Pllsudskl's Oovernment with a view to securing th*
whol* polish railway system for
American capitalist*. Thu* negotiation* war* carried on ucrstly,
and I am Informed ltd ta a ruult
highly satisfactory to McCormlck's
Wall Strsst friends."
. _________
Hat Wm Ooattsnw to Fight tk*
Capitalist System When Sb*
Oat* Oat
(By ths Federated Press)
London.—Sylvia Pankhurst's if.
peal from * sentence ef six month*'
Imprisonment pssstd laat Ootob**,
charging h*r with "sedition In eaa*
nectlon with three artlclu whloh
appeared ln the Work*™1 Dreadnought on 0*teh*r 11," has b**B
dismissed by the mart
"TAi cannot snppsau theu views
by Imprisoning dm," Miss Pankhurst d«clar*d la making hsr ap-
"Thl* may ba a duth sentence
for me, bat It I urn* out I shall
continuo my wark, for I am. going
to fight th* prtunt system if It kill*
mel These view* did not mun a*
muoh to m* whan I wu young**,
hut they hava bun bitten into saa
by my Mperlenou aince I hav* lived among tha workera In the ea*.
of London.
"Toa pupl* au living In tha
dead put, aad do aat k**w haw
thu* Idus ar* spreading."
Stockholm.—The Swedish printing concern "Progress" hu received on order amounting to 6,000,000
crown* te furnish th* Russian
schools wtth books. It Is uld that
a large part of the 10,000,000
orowns authorised by ths Soviet
government to bs upended for
sohool books will bs spent ln Oermany. 'At preient exchange rates
on Now York a, Swedish crown
equals about 21 cents.
th* three weeks before childbirth,
and may collect full wagu whil*
resting ons month after the birth
of the child.
"One of the flnut thlnga we
learned down there," said Johnston, "wsa how Roberto Haberman
hu organised a labor college, In
whtch are now being trained the
young men and women who will
oomplete and develop the organisation of the Mexican labor movement. He hu had the utmost cooperation from ths government,
and the results ar. apparent everywhere among the workera Mexico
will have a strong labor movement
because Its workers will b. well Informed."
Unemployment, th. Machinist.'
head concluded, Is far less evident
ln Mexico than In the United State..
The Popular Pioneer
Savu Toa tl ta t*
Kan 1—
Flnsst Ovsa Roaata, lb..Jto
Stall t—
Fruh Fleal* Hams, lU-tt*
Stadia 4 aad t—
Roast Park, lh.  M*
Stan a— ■_
Swift's Para Lard, lb...lto
Stall »—
Cornsd But (any pl.M),
lb. -__ Wo
Mall o*m
Fruh Sol**, I lba. tto
Stall t—
Fruh Walnuts, lb. 10*
Stall* 1* and 11—
T-Bona Roast, lb. He
Stall* IS and fit—
I lb*. Alberta Butter..!!.**
Stall, 14 and tl—
B. C. Marmalade, 4-lb.
pall*  . »to
SUII* IS and It-
Pure Ceylon Tu—Snap,
i lbs .'. StM
StaOs IT and It—
Fruit Slab* Dark and
Light Cake. lb. ..*Ato
SUK* Id and IS—
Prim* Rib Rout, lb. ....tto
Stall. St nad It—
Finnan Haddlu, lb. ....IBo
stalls SO aad tl—
B. C. Sugar, I lba. tto
Stalls 31 and tt—
No, 1 Orangss, des. ......tBo
3 dosen   «—.1.00
Stalls 34 nnd It-
All kinds Candle* at low
sun se—
Guaranteed New Laid Bgga
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Buy Your Supplies at
(Opposite Pantages)
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There Is Bread and Bread
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Canadian Window Bakeries Limited
Near B. C. Tram Station PAGE SIX
miRTEENTH year.  No. ,    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vanoottvbk. b. c
X RAYS Locate Ills
—At IHB—
Vancouver X-Ray
The Split of the German
Independent Party
Tucker ef Drajl.ii Hwling
ler tht elimination of non-contagion!
•hronic allmenU br Natnrtl Methodi.
Bonn, 9 to 6 avtnlngi by appointment.
Vancouver X-Rty tnd Naturopathic Institute, «14 Standard Bank Building. Phone
Beymour 1977.
Junior League Soeial
The regular monthly social ot
the Junior Labor League wtll be
bold next Friday evening, Febru
ary 18, ln the club rooms, 52
Dufferln Street West. Comrade J.
fi. Woodsworth will, aa usual, be
on hand and lead the discussion for
an hour, beginning at 7:30 p.m.
After this the Initiation of several
new members, whtch had to be ad
journed from the meeting of last
week, will take place. The social
committee wtll have charge after
the Initiation "ceremony" Is over,
and a good time ts being looked
forward to by the young people.
There Is no meeting of the league
Aa this Is Made-in-B. O. Week It
has been suggested that all workers should subscribe for the B. 0.
Federationist, which ls entirely a
B. C product. The paper on
which tt is printed Is made at
Powell River, and the printing Is
done In Vancouver. Another suggestion ls that the merchants and
manufacturers should not miss the
opportunity of advertising In the
only made in B. C. Labor paper.
Consistency is said to be a Jewel.
Perhaps the makers and vendors of
B. U.-made goods do not care for
"red stones," but their local "patriotism" should overcome their
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL—Pmldent, J. M. Clarke;
ftta-preaident, R. W. Hatley; eecretary
J G. Smith: treaiurer, A. S. Wella;
■erieant-«t-armi, R. Borne; truiteei,
Oarr. TaanWen, Bleverwright and Midgley. Heeta Srd Wedneaday eaeh month
6 the Fender HaU, eorner of Pender and
owe ■treett. Phone Bey. 291,
til—Meeta lewnd Monday la the
■oath. Pretident, J. T. MeOonnell: lte-
rotary, R. H. Moolsndi. P. 0. Box M. _
Ol B. U.—Preildent, R. W. Hitler;
HcreUry, J. 0. Smith. Meeta lit Wed-
■eiday in eaeh month in Pender Hall,
■or. of Peader aal Howo streets. Phone
ley-  SM.
ployeea, Loeal SI—MeeU every seoond
Wednesday ta the month at 3:80 p.m.
aad every fonrth Wednesdny ta the month
at 8:10 pjn. President, John Cummlngs,
secret'--y aad holiness agent, A. Graham.
Oftee and meeting ball, 441 Seymoar Bt.
W. Phoae Bey. 1611. Oflee hoan, ■
aun. to fl --
Association,   Loeal   81-62—Oflee and
hall,   163  Oordova St.  W.    Meets trat
and  third   Fridays,   I   p.m.    Secretary-
•rtssnrer, F. Chapman;   bnsiness   agent,
B. Richards.
•rs' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Mon
days.   President, J. E. Dawson, 1646 Tew
!«.,   Kitsllano;   seeretary,   E.  T.  Kelly,
160 Hastings St. E.; recording secretary,
, Holdsworth, 633—14th St. W., North
WORKERS Dept.  of  the  0.  B.  U.-
An Industrial naion sf all workers tn log-
etg aad construction camps. Coast Dls-
et and Oeneral Headquarters, 01 Cordova Bt. W, Vaneoaver. B. 0. Phone Sey.
VS66. E. Wineh, general secretary-
treuorer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald k Oo., Vaneonver, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancou-
tor, B. 0,
FRIDAT. -..-....February 11, IMi
HE CAUSE of Communism has
made a great Btrlde in Germany. The majority of the
conference of the Independent Social Demucratlc Party accepted the
conditions of admission into the
Communist International; the minority left the conference declaring
Its Intention of constituting Itself
a scperate Independent Party. We
say openly that this split is an
event of paramount importance, assuring the development of Communism in Germany. There can
be no doubt of the fact that the
actual majority within the Independent Party Ib larger than that
which adopted the platform of
Communism at the. conference.
The whole party machinery and
the party press had been, with few
exceptions, tn the hands of the
night Wing, which consists of the
most adept bureaucrats of German
Social Democracy, It Is because
of this that the Right Independents were able to muster over a
third of the number of delegates
present at the conference. The
spirit of revolution lives In thd
Working masses of the Independent Party. Were lt not for the
conditions set up by the Communist International making the admission of the Right Independents
into its ranks Impossible, theae
Right Independents would have
Joined it in order to avoid being
Isolated from the masses of their
members, and in oi'der to be able
again and again to hold these
masses back from revolutionary
action. The transference of the
party leadership and of the party
press to the genuinely revolutionary elements has compelled the
Right Independents to throw off
their masks. Thus, Dltmann haa
begun a campaign against Soviet
Russia, and has written articles
which were so much to the taste of
international counter - revolution,
that the latter has had them reprinted ln the capitalist press all
over the world. Hllferding and
Crlsplen have raised the cry that
affiliation with the Third International would mean war with French
Imperialism, and they have come
out openly in the defence of the
Versailles peace. They have thus
proved to every working man the
correctness of the policy of the Communist International in refusing to
have such gentlemen as Hllferding,
Ditmann and Crlsplen tn its ranks.
The Oisplens and the Hilferdlngs
have tried to stage a comedy of defending the Independence of the
German working class against the
dictatorship of Moscow. They have
endeavored to turn to account
against the Communist International the last remnant of patriotism still In the breast of the German worker—1. e„ the Idea of defending the Independence of his
organization. But all their* efforts
have been futile.    In spite of the
O'Connor at the
Empress Sunday
(Continued from page 1)
Pattern   makers*   league   op
North America (Vanconver nnd vicinity)— Branoh meets second and fourth
Mondays, 318 Pender St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 918 Tenth Ave., North Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. Goddard,
•50 Richards Street; recording secretary,
tD. Russell, Booth Rd„ McKay P. 0.,
urnaby, B. 0.
en Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Riggers
•f Vaneoaver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0. B. U. Hall, 804
Pender Bt. W. President, A. Brooks;
inanclal secretary and business agent, W.
Tucker.   Phone,   Seymonr  331.
Meets last  Bunday of eaeh month at
3 p.m.    President,   A.   E.   Robb;   vice*
president, 0. H. Collier; secretary-tress*
prer, R. H. Neelands. Boi 68.	
Employees, Pioneer Division, No- 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Halt, Mount Pleasant
1st aad 3rd Mondays at 1015 a.m. and /
p.m. Pmldent, B. Rigby; recording
aeeretary, P. E. Qrlfln, 447—6th Aveaut
iMti tmnrer,  P.   Sidaway:   iaaaelkl
8cret*ry ssd bnsiness sgent, W. H. Got*
sll, 4606 Dumfries Street; offlce corner
trior and Mnta Sta. Phone lair. 16041.
America, Local No. 176—Meetings held
Irst Monday in each montb, 8 p.m. President, A. R, Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawson; reeordlng secretary, 0, He*
Donald, P. 0. Box 603; flnnncial secre*
tary, T. Templeton, P. 0, Box 608.
of tho 0. B. U, meets on the flrst and
third Wednesday of every month. AH
nembers ia thli dlitrlet aro Invited tt
Provincial Unions
aad Tiber Ooaneil-Meets flrat Md
fhlri Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Strset, at 8 p.m. President, A. 0. Pike; vlee-presldent, 0. E.
Copeland; secretary-treasurer, E. S.
Woodward, P. 0. Boi 302, Victoria, B.C.
ptnroB RUPBBT, B. 0.
hor Oouncll—MeeU second and fourtk
Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters
Ball.    President, S. D. MeDoa/Jd; vie*
Sresident, A. Ellis: seeretary, Geo. Wad*
slL Boa 378, Prlnee Rupert, B. C.
ers of property, and all laws are
made to safeguard the owners tn
the possession of that wealth.
The working class are property-
less; they live by working for
wages. When they cannot be employed ln productive enterprise,
they have recourse to charity in
some form or* other, such as relief
work, soup kitchens, bread lines,
eto. Why are they not employed
In a useful manner, .producing
foodstuffs, raising chickens, or
building comfortable houses, seeing
that the means for doing so nre
always at hand. The only reason
why this cannot be done Is, that
such a course would Interfere with
the owners of property. They
woilld be put out of business.
Why not build a sea water swimming bath here ln Vancouver? It
has been often suggested. But the
same obstruction again appears;
private property, Its ownership and
rights would be Interfered with.
And so useless, unproductive toil
Is the lot of the unemployed under
capitalism. So can the problem
of reparation by Germany to the
Allies be explained. If the available machinery was-operated to Its
full capacity, fifty per cent, of the
machinery in Allied countries would
be idle, and with the usual evil results. The ancient punlc wars
brought about great destruction of
wealth and loss of life, and the
downfall of Carthage as a power
In the world; but no debts were incurred by Carthage. Production
was for use, and banking houess
and financiers were unknown in
that age, nor private ownership of
But now we are all In debt to
one another, victors and vanquish-
Truly a glorious, wonderful
either waging a war, or" else
enduring peace. A great catastrophe, under capitalism, is viewed
with satisfaction, it meant work
and profits. A bounteous harvest
and an abundance of those things
required for the maintenance and
comfort of human life, brings ln a
period of social confusion and misery to the wording class. This Is
modern civilization, the age of machinery and scientific achievement.
None before us ever did as we do.
However, experience does teach,
and we shall yet learn how to correct our mistakes. Religion, philosophy, can be treated as beliefs,
but not the essential things of life,
eating, drinking and the clothing
and sheltering of mankind. We
cannot fool ourselves In that direction, and society will inevitably
take the fight path. The speaker
then analyzed the question of disarmament, which Is occupying
space in the press at present, showing that the opposing factions ln
the controversy represented the
Interests of property owners with
investments abroad, and those who
are suffering tho heavy taxation at
home, due to the tremendous expenditures tot national defence,
But the working class ts gradually coming to an understanding of
Its own problem; and lt may be
that before long the sordid squabbles which are but the'fruits of an
evil, unsocial order of life, will disappear, Bolved at last by new habits of thought, a new conception of
life, and a clearer social vision on
the part of the only useful element ln modern society, the working class.
The speakers next Sunday will
bo Tom O'Connor and Chris.
fact that the Left Independents
lacked such a powerful means of
agitation as the press, the great
majority of the workers declared
themselves for the Communist International. They readily gr'asped
the fact that when the Comm inist
International 'Interferes" ln ti..elr
affairs It ls not the interference of
an outside force trying to impose
Its will upon the German workers,
but that lt is a case of a mote experienced detachment of the army
of the world Revolution pointing
out to the German workers the conditions of their own victory. They
have understood that they and
Moscow ore one and the same;
that the contest against Moscow is the contest against their
own revolutionary aspirations,
their own Revolutionary views. Our
victory at the Independent Party
conference is of the utmost Importance, considering the fact that it
was bought at the price of a split,
ln the course of which the German
workers will have acquired a clear
and comprehensive idea of the
programme and tactics of the Communist International. The struggle, of course, has not ended wtth
the split At the conference; the
split will be carried Into all the
organizations of the Independent
Social Democratic Party; It will
lead to division among the German workers on the lines of clear-
cut principles, enabling the German workers to outlive all their
reformist and 'centerlst" Illusions,
and to take a firm stand on the
platform of Communism, for which
they have more or less consciously
been fighting for the last two
years. The Gei'man Independent
Party comprises about one million
members, and has polled four and
a half million votes. If the Left
Independents, who are soon to amalgamate with the Communists,
numbering a hundred thousand
members, constitute at least a half
of the Independent Social Democratic Party—and we are sure that
they will actually be In the majority—we shall soon have In Germany a powerful Communist Party.
The split of the Independents
and the passing over of the majority into the camp of Communism
ls the logical outcome of the whole
trend of history in Germany from
the very first days of the revolution; It is the result of the ideological struggle which Gei'man
Communism has been carrying on
for approximately ten years, not
only against reformism, but also
against Kautklanlsm, against the
irresolute, against those who are
doing lip service to the revolution
whilst supporting reformism by actual deeds. The struggle which the
Left Radicals;—the heralds of the
Communist Party ' In Germany—
had conducted in the ranks of the
old Social Democracy against the
policy of compromise with the
Liberal bourgeoisie, against the
Kautsklan parliamentary and pacifist illusions, as opposed to the former's advocacy of Revolutionary
mass action, had even then found
an echo in the ranks of the proletariat. However susceptible the
proletariat may In fact have been
to this revolutionary propaganda,
it did not as yet see the vital importance of the revolutionary struggle. The choice between Revolutionary moss struggle and the Imperialists war was accepted by
them as a purely theoretical alternative. The German proletariat
did not believe in the possibility of
the impending conflict; and If it
did, It dropped its arms In indecision, shrinking before the vast uid
tertlble power of State wielded by
the Junkers and the bourgeoisie,
and stood listening to the talk of
Kautsky about the waiting policy
that would secure them victory.
The German proletariat has paid
for its revolutionary impotence in
millions of victims on all the Imperialist battle fields. Taught by
the experience of the Imperialist war, It withdrew its advanced guard fr'om the camp of
reformism afid split the powerful
German Social Democracy, thereupon rallying around the banner of
the revolution. It was, however,
still unable to see the thing through
to the end, and In spite of the fact
that lt welcomed Liebknecht, Rosa
Luxembourg, Johann and otheRs, lt
nevertheless Believed that the Dlt-
manns, the Hilferdlngs, the Haases
and the Ledebours, who were doing lip service to the revolution,
would prove the defenders of the
latter. The Spartacus group and
the Bremen Left Radicals, who
were combating the lies of the Independent Centrists, were still in
the minority amongst the German
revolutionary workers. The German proletariat paid a second time
a heavy price for its irresolution.
At the fall of German Imperialism, when the German bourgeoisie
was disarmed, the workers had
only to stretch out. their arm for
the power of State to be theirs.
The Haiises, the DUmanns and the
Hilferdlngs ubimed the confidence
of the revoIutlonaRy workers and
helped the traitors, Scheidemann,
Ebert and Leglen, to cheat tile
workers, by handing over the government to the bourgeosle; and the
latter, having created its, white
army, suppressed all the risings of
the Gei'man workers and fettered
them hand and foot. In Decern
ber, 1918, the vanguard of the
German workers, In face of this
open treason of the Independent
Party, created an Independent
Communist Party, grouping around
Its banner the most Intelligent and
energetic part of the Gei'man working class. But soon after its inauguration It lost Its best leaders during tho flrst rising of the Berlin'
workerB. Driven underground and
robbed of Its legal press, tt nevertheless succeeded, by sustained relentless criticism, to unmask the
attempts of compromisers to hold
the workers back from revolutionary action; it managed to Inspire
the honest and resolute Independents of the Left to a moRe determined struggle against the Hilferdlngs and thc DUmanns. Struggling Jn the front ranks of the
workers, even when thc latter erred in their estimation of the situation, it served ns a model of revoIutlonaRy determination. Combating the romanticism and the
aberration of thc Left Communists,
for whom the proclaiming of revolutionary watchwords served as a
substitute for revolutionary propaganda with In the mass organizations of the woRkers, it pointed out
the road to the German proletariat
ln its hard strugglo for power.   Be
(By Nemesis)
THE great Esquimo traveller
Dr. Jumbo Souzero was sent
out in the spring of 1914, by a
society called the Borealis Brethren, for the purpose of discovering
the missing link and alleviating for
all time the manifold agonies of
the human race.
When returning in 1917 he was
captured ln mid-Atlantic by a
German submarine, the captain of
which mistook the Esquimo characters, In which his notes were
written for a codal message to the
allies. He mistook also the skull
of an ancient Simian, which the
great doctor considered was no
other than that of the missing link,
for tbe skull of a great military
genius and he commandeered them
and both notes and skull were lost
to civilization; so that at this
period the world experienced a
double disappointment: the failure
of the great war, fought for democracy and world freedom of
thought, and the loss of the great
Souzero's discoveries.
Fortunately, however, the following account which he concealed in the lining of his coat, was
preserved for mankind, and though
forbidden by the censor during
the war, as it was thought Its
publication might detract men's
minds from their sacred duty of
slaughtering thetr fellow men, may
now be given to the world, and the
honor of doing so has fallen to the
Souzero's party consisted of
about a dozen enthusiasts, among
whom was an interpreter, an individual who had previously accompanied a professor into the
heart of Africa and had learned
the langauges of many Simian
tribes, and had with him phonographic records of their speech.
Following the course of the
mighty Congo they ultimately
reached a region near its source,
little known to the great, white
imperclvilized peoples, and it was
in this region that most of his discoveries wore made.
ing an illegal organization, lt could
not rally Round Itself the vast
masses of the workers whom
Noske, by his counter-revolution-
ury object lesson, had taught that
there was no escaping the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie excecpt
through the dictatorship of the
proletariat. These masses flocked
to the legal Independent Party,
which at least provided them with
a mock struggle against the-.-bourgeosle and the social traitors.
Gradually, with growing determination, they forced their revolutionary Ideas upon the Independent
Party. They extorted from! theif
Right leaders the recognition of
the dictatorship of the proletariat
and of Soviet Government. But it
gles without saying that the Right
leaders, with whom such recognition was mere lip service, were in-*
capablfe of carrying it Into 'effect.
Then the Communist Party of Germany sought a rapproachement
with the Left Independents', who,
though theoretically immature,
nevertheless endeavored to carry on
the revolutionary struggle and
helped to familiarize them with
the necessity of a break with the
Right leaders, helped them to flnd
the path to the Third International.
The heroic struggle of the Russian
proletariat added point to the lesson of the German Revolution and
to the criticism of the German
Communists. It kindled the faith
in the revolution in the hearts of
the millions of German Independent workeRs, The Congress of the
Communist International only summed up the work of decades of revolutionary thought In Germany;
it demonstrated to the German Independent workers that the removal of thc deadweight blocking thc
way to revolution, the break with
the Right leaders, would mean
union with the InteRnatlonal Revolutionary proletariat. In spite of
all the barriers erected by the
bureaucratic machinery of the
German Independent Social Democratic Party, conference at Halle
gave expression to the feelings that
ure wideawake in the hearts of the
millions of revolutionary German
workers. It reflected their readiness to take the field for the realization of yie revolution; it was a
rlgnal to the whole world that GcR-
many was marching towards mo-
'mentous revolutionary battles.
The Communist Party of Russia
has steadfastly believed in the revolutionary German workers even
when the German revolutionaries
spoke in tones of despaiR of the
former's Inertia. Qn that historical
night at Brest Lltvosk, when new
ly-born, defonceless Soviet Russia
stood face to face with German Imperialism, armed to the teeth, it put
Its card on the revolutionary proletariat of GeRmany. And this
card has not failed It. Novembor.
1918, knocked Brest Lltvosk over.
At the moment when the majority
of even the revolutionary German
workers, cherishing democratic and
pacifist illusions, surRenderqd ihe
cause of thoir emancipation ipto
tho hands of the compromisers,
into those of Wilson, the Russian
Communist Party did not lose faith
in the German workers, It stretch
ed Hs hand out to them across the
lines of the German White Guards;
it spoke to them across the.fog of
lies manufactuRed by the German
compromisers, and over the.heads
of the criminally silent Independents. In all the conflicts of the
German proletariat, the Independent workers have fought and shod
their blood side by side with our
brethern, the Gorman Communists. The Communist Party of
Russia nnd the Communist International guided by It, in mercilessly
arltlcising the Gormen Independent Party and tearing the mask
from Its face, have sought a way
to the hearts and minds of thc
German Independent working men,
and have found it. The majority
of tho German Independent working men aRe with us; they have
openly gathered around the standard of Communism; and we hail
them as comrades ln arms, with the
profound conviction that the struggle which they are waging will
lead to the liberation of the Ger
man workers from the yoke of
capitalism, fRom the nooso of the
Versailles peace. It will unite revolutionary Germany with revolutionary Russia and will hasten the
emancipation of the International
proletariat.—Karl Radek, Russian
Press Review, from the Glasgow
Striking directly north from
what they considered the source of
the Congo, after a few days' travel
they were confronted by an almost
perpendicular range of mountains,
which for some time retarded
their progress till one of their
number accidentally discovered a
narrow ravine, the entrance of
which was concealed by a thick
growth of forest trees and brushwood. They ascended this ravine
and found themselves in what was
afterwards discovered to be a large
basin, occupying some hundreds of
square miles and which was probably the crater of a huge extinct
volcano. It was densely covered
with forest growths. To their Bur-
prise they chanced upon a well-
beaten trail which they followed
and came finally to a grass-
covered open plain with here and
there a huge, spreading tree which
cost an Inviting shade to the travellers.
They had not proceeded far Into
this open space when a fierce
whoop waa sounded and they saw
to their consternation, huge, uncouth forms of Simians making ln
their direction, and, they were soon
surrounded by a great menacing
crowd of these beings.
In this crisis the wisdom of
Souzero In taking with him his Interpreter was demonstrated. Thie
gentleman addressed the Simians,
telling them that their fame had
spread to the four corners of the
earth, that they were recognized as
among the wonders of the world,
and that he and his companions
had come ln a friendly way to
gather knowledge and wisdom
from their tribe.
Of course this waa untrue, but it
tickled the Simians and demonstrates two facts, viz: that Inter
preter might have been more lucratively employed as a diplomat
tn the service of a civilized white
tribe and that the love of gross
and foolish flattery ls common to
the uncivilized tribes alike.
And when Souzero produced and
distributed some trinkets, rings and
bangles and such like, the delight
of the Simians was extreme, showing again the affinity between the
naked and the hairy; for although
thc Simians Immediately adorned
their noses and toes with them
that shows merely a .difference ln
taste rather than any fundamental
divergence In principle.
Soon the Simians had made their
visitor^ at home and cordial relations were established. A large
hut built on the spreading branches
of a huge tree was assigned to
them, and food In the form of
herbs and nuts placed for their
The next day the Interpreter was
Informed that ah Important meeting was to take place at which one
of their number who had been
missing from their tribe for a long
time but who had unexpectedly returned, was going to relate hts experiences and adventures and the
strangers were cordially Invited to
take part In the proceedings,
whloh, of course, they politely and
eagerly accepted.
The party were led some distance to a larger glade than they
had yet seen, ln which was collected a great crowd of Simians. On
a huge log in the centre of the
crowd sat a Simian who differed In
no way from his fellows except
that he was wearing a very tattered
garment which had once been a
red jacket, and on one of his hairy
fingers he displayed a ring which
he had obtained the day previous
from Souzero, and lt was from
these simple yet significant differences that the doctor was led to
believe his story.
Soon a huge Simian leaped on
the log and administered a Bmart
kick to the prospective speaker
and squatted down on his haunches
at the further end of the log. The
meeting was open.
Calling to mind the pleasing and
flattering manner tn which our
chairmen opened the meetings for
the altrulstltc politicians In the recent, politely and impersonally
conducted contest we have much
cause for thankfulness for our advanced civilization.
The Simian, aroused from hiB
reverie by the kick, leaped to his
feet and delivered himself as follows:
"Males and females" (and here
let us again congratulate ourselves
that we have advanced to the stage
of "ladies and gentlemen" In the
process of evolution which Is both
satisfactory and flattering.) "Having travelled bo far over the earth,
which extends on all sides of *our
encircling mountains farther than
your thoughts can follow; and having extended my vocabulary to
such a degree that its full use
would only confound you, I shall
In my address use only terms and
figures of speech such as you are
acquainted wtth  (laughter).
I well remember tho morning
when I went on an excursion beyond the mountains and was
caught In the net of a Simian hunter, by whom I was taken many
miles to a great pond whose
further shores were invisible and
placed ln a big canoe as long as
from where I stand to the next
tree and which contained many
huts (laughter), In one of which
I was placed.
After many days' Journey in thla
canoe we came to a land filled wtth
strange beings, quite bare on their
bodies, which they had to cover because of the cold, and I think also
to hide their ugliness, for they
were of a ghastly white color and
their skin emitted a bad odor
which was very offensive to me for
some weeks after which I hardly
noticed It at all.    (Laughter.)
I was given to a female who was
owned by a great chief, and noted
among these strange beings as being the owner of a little pig which
she took about with her as a pet.
This had made her very famous, but
when she took me, a beautiful
Simian, about with her and discarded the pig, her fame increased
and great crowds used to collect
to catch a glance at me, and they
Bhouted with joy on every occasion they saw me. (Great applause.)
Tht I'liiuuit mow very fond of
me, which, though it showed sho
had s thie taste, was not very fluttering to myself. ^Loud applause.)
Through travelling with her I had
an opportunity given to few
strangors of observing the strange
ways and customs of thlB hideout
i     It was some time before I was
able to understand the peculiar
way In whloh these strange beings
obtained their food and other
things they needed and I will try
as well aa I can to make you understand lt, though I can aee many
difficulties ln front of me.
These people ate seeds which
they ground up and baked; many
sorts of plants and the flesh of
animals which they also made very
hot and I am going to tell you how
they got them.
Bach morning great numbers of
theBe beings, both males and females, left their huts and went Into
the fields and Into other huts
larger than that tree (laughter)
and worked very hard till night.
Alt the things these strange beings produced ln the fields and
made ln the big huts were placed
in other big huts, and every seventh day the beings crowded
around and were given small quantities for their own use of whet
they had made, the rest being left
ln the huts for the use of the big
chiefs.    (Great laughter.)
Every now and again these big
huts became quite full and no
more could be placed ln them, and
then many of the males and females did not go to work at all,
and on the seventh day they did
not get any of the things they had
produced, but walked about making funny noises and staring at the
big huts In which the things were
piled, and they had very little to
eat and ln many cases thetr nasty
bare skin began to show in patches
through their coverings and they
shivered ln the cold winds. (Great
laugh ten,)
At tffese times the great chiefs
would collectc many ln big: huts and
give them enough water, In which
bones had been botled, to keep
them alive, and they would bless
these great chiefs and ahout very
loudly with joy when they saw
them and take the covering off
their heads and wriggle before
them. (Loud laughter.) And
then tWa great chiefs and their
females would go Into their own
big huts and eat and drink as
much as they could and laugh and
sing and tell each other how good
they were.    (Loud laughter.)'
And once these great chiefs took
large numbers of these beings and
put them In long lines and shouted
at th'em for many weeks, and then
led them away and made them kill
large numbers of another tribe
which had offended them; and
when some of them came hack
they petted them for a Uttle while
and gave them buttons to stick on
theIR coats, and the females of the
big chiefs smiled at them, which
made them very glad and they
shouted very loud for Joy. (Laughter.) At thia point the big Stmlan
rose from his haunches and kicked
the orator off the tog, a primitive
way of Informing him that his time
was up, which brings Into high relief again our highly developed
civilization. Then the big Simian
stood upright and said, "Males and
females," you have heard our
brother speak, and It Is for you, ln
council assembled, to say lf he has
told us the truth or otherwise, Hla
tale may be untrue—a bad lie altogether, or lt may be the delusion
of disease, or again, lt may be
Our medicine man, who communes with the unseen, tells us
that the evil spirit often touches
the Simians Inside here (and he
placed his hairy paw on hts head)
nnd they see things different to
their brothers. But let us examine
his statements. He says he found
himself among strange animals,
who had no hair but sickly bare
skins which sent out an evil odor.
This statement seems to bear the
truth on the face of It    If they
Federated Labor Party
SUNDAY. February 13th
at 8 p.m.
Collection in aid of party funds
had no beautiful hair as we have
they could not be as sweet as we
are.    (Loud applause.)
But he says they tolled all day
and gathered In the nuts nnd fruit
and grain, which were placed in
large huts, and on each seventh
day they were given back just
about enough to keep them alive,
while the big chiefs kept all the
rest. That seems to be either a
big Ue or a delusion of the evil
spirt, seeing that there were many
workers to each big chief, for certainly not even the lowest tribe of
Simians would atand for that. If
his statements are true that bare
white people must be far behind
our enlightened Simian thought.
(Loud applause.)
"When he states they were
placed In lines and shouted at and
taken to slaughter their enemies,
he shows the flrst approach of
thete strange animals to our own
more enlightened state, although
lt Is dark to me why they should
be placed ln lines. That they
should disembowel their foes is
good sound Simian sense. (Loud
applauae.) That fact alone makes
me Incline to the belief that his
account may be true."
At this point a female Simian
shrieked irrelevantly, "Ask him
how he got back "
"A good suggestion, female," the
ohalrman said, and straightway
hauled the former speaker on to
the log by his ears.
"Answer the female's question,'
the chairman demanded.
"The chief of the female who
took me about, grew angry with
her because she became so fond
of me, and he swore he would
shoot me. Then she grew very
wild and shouted at him, and he
shouted back and after much
shouting he promised her the little
pig back and that he would send
me ln the big canoe and have me
put baok ln the forest near where
they caught me. This he did
At this juncture a terrible roar
was heard and a huge lion waa
seen stalking towards the meeting,
which broke up ln great terror.
(Note by Dr. Sousero—-"The
above account of our meeting wtth
the Simian tribe Is quite authentic
and the importance of tt to my
mind lies ln the fact that It materially strengthens the Darwinian
theory, aa it clearly shows thie
affinity between the Simians and
the great white races. This affinity is more particularly demonstrated ln their laughter at statements dealing with facts quite outside their knowledge and experience and In their applause at
statements flattering to the modes
of life and channels of thought of
their own particular tribe.
Berlin.—Werner and Loftier, Socialist members of the committee
of arbitration concerned with the
question of the socialisation of the
German coal mines, have withdrawn from the committee in protest againBt its tactics of delay and
Prepare   Complete   Reconstruction
of tho International of
Paris.—The Socialist newspaper,
"Fopulalre" has published a manl- jj
festo of the Longuet and Right |
Wing groups addressed to the j
workers of France, in which it j
characterizes the messages from }
Zinovieft and Lenin to the Tours A
congress as an outrage on the lib- ,
erty of French Socialists.
The manifesto adds: "We are th»
Socialist Party, as it was united In   I
1905 by Jaures, Guesde and Vail-
lant.  We Bhall continue to organ- ti
Ice   the   workers  into   one   clasa   ,
party for the purpose of effecting   ,
the . most     rapid   transformation
from a capitalist society into a Col-
lectivlst Communist Society.
"The Socialist party will go to Vienna on February 22 to prepare
the complete reconstruction of the
International of Labor, with the already organized workers' Third International, and we still hope to reestablish national unity by bringing back the dissident Communists
to the bosom of the Socialist party."
Seattle, Wash.—Striking molders
of Seattle are standing firm against
the wage cut proposed by five Seattle flRms. All union men who\
were employed by the companies
are out. Efforts of the Arms to fill
the union workers' places with
non-union men have failed.
The wage worker voted to "Let
the business men rule" and now !
this bourgeoisie dictatorship Is unable to  solve  the   unemployment
Get Ist
Rand Book Ston
7 East 15tli St New York
The Swellest Up-to-
in Town
The Hat Bo:
112 Hastings West
Opposite Woodwards
Wa are artists In tlie Rat-
Clcanliig business
Whatever the reduction yon
oaa rest assured it is a genuine one.  I would suggest
that  you  compare  values
when   looking   these   lines
over.   Quality alone is the
true measure of a shoe's
worth.   These are manufacturers' oosts in every
Men's 110.00 Boots, brown and black,
any number of shapes, tor
dress wear, at 	
Girls' Black Calf Shoes, In sizes from i to 2,
sellins regularly at 16.00 and     dJO QC I
16.25, at    ^OeUeJ.
Men's $12.00 Boots, recede toes and round
toes, ln black and brown, all dJO QJJ
sises, at  <PO• I/O
The beBt boys' boot made.
Sizes 1-6.   Saturday only 	
|6.60 value. I
Men's $17.00 Boots;  any fine shoe In the
| store  up  to  $17.00  usual     d»| |   AP
price; for Saturday selling at *
Ladles' Black Patent Oxfords, Cuban hool.
stitched tip, Eclipse made. d»C Q (J
On sale at' efrOeajO
Ladies' $14,00 Black and Brown Boots; Bell
and Odonnel makes; several      &Q QB
On sale at 90e**0 \
Ladies' $7.00   Boots;   good
kid; Cuban keel; selling
now at .....................................
quality  black
I would like an opportunity to show you
how well I can do your work.
Good looking shoes that give you absolute
comfort becauae they flt perfectly.
0 !  -
i   •'niUAT...
»r;=i'..J'el>ruary II, lit!
Tor Twenty Tnri tn hm luuit tills Union Strap for ut onl" eat
ona stamp wsasn:
Peacefnl OoUtctin Berialnlnl
forbids Both StiUui tnd Lockout!
DlipuMi Battled by ArtHreUoa
Study Employmtnt tad SUll .d WoiUunlU.
Prompt Delltsriss tt Dm1.ii tad *•»»__
Petct tnd Sneetii tt Wttktn tad Swleyffl
ttMporlty ef Shot Uaklsi Oommunltlos
Ai loytl unloa mta nd wtatn. ***.__
Sin to donuad shoos tearing   tat   earn
nlon Stamp ta Soto, lasolo tl Unlni.
. Oolllt Lovely, Oonettl Froiidoa..   Charles L. Btint, Oonertl 8te.-Trtta.
Kesh Out nowera, Funeral Design!, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Flanti
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Btreet East 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 988-672 Seymour 8613
Ballard's Furniture Store
PhOM Sey. 2137
Wt alftm carry In stoek a good
■election of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom fnrniturt, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
■squarea, ruga. etc. Wa oaa ear* yoa
iftoner aa we art oat of tha blgfc rant
Kindling Free
1440 GRANVIMjE  Soy. 52(0
Mnst   Sem   Three   Months   tor
Writing a Scientific Study
of Kropotkln
Tokyo.—After trials and appeals,
whioh hav. lasted over a jrear, Professor Morite, of th. Imperial University, haa at last commenced his
term of three months' Imprisonment for disseminating "dangerous thoughts."
The dangerous thoughts In hli
case were contained ln a magazine
artlole whloh ht wrote on "The
Sooial Thought of Kropotkln." He
was warmly supported by his
brother professors, who olalmed
that hla article waa only a scientific study of Kropotkln'. Ideas, but
the courts stated that Socialism
oould not b. disseminated under
th. gull, of aoientlflo Inquiry.
Th. Hamilton Labor News ean
now publish only onee a month,
owing to th. flnanclal stringency.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hen They Axe, Indexed tor Ton
Mlr. Union Has, Out This Out aud aire It to Tou WU*
Love & Co.
..570 Seymour Street
-(18 Hastings Street WMt
Eastings Street Bast
TlsdaUs Llmltea	
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms)..
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Sho. House   4M Hastlnga W.
Pierre Paris  **■ Hastings Btreet West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company «3 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. &. Clarke  B« Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
Pierre Paris  .7. 64 Hastings Street West
Nevi. Method Shoo Repairing _ 887 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
China and Toys
Millar te Co. , 41J Hastings Street West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates .80-38 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downl. Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder .". 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold ts Quigley  , 548 Qranvllle Street
Clumans, Ltd , 158 Hastings Street West
I Clubb * Stewart 309-815 Hastings .Street West
In. C. Outfitting Co. 842 Hastings Street Weit
IB. C. Tailoring Co - - 342 Hastings East
IWm. Dick Ltd...j_. 33-40 Hastings Streot East
iThos. Fostor A Co., Ltd 514 OranvUle Street
|j. W. Foster A Co., Ltd...
. N. Harvey Ltd	
I.C. D. Bruce...
...345 Hastings Stroet West
-125 Hastlngi West and Victoria, B. O.
..401 Hastings Street West
|New Tork Outfitting Co.	
IV. B. Brumitt, .....	
__._ 143 Hastings Street West
 ._ .Cordova Street
, K. Book '. HT Hastlngi Street Weit
iThomas _ McBain  :......„.:....., 655 Granville Street
ISeven Little Tailors .;...:...'„.... 336 Carrall- Street
 929 Main St., Seymonr 1441 and MI
IKlrk ft Co., Ltd-
Dancing Lessons
[Pender Hall Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
|W. E. Ferris Dancing School .Cotillion Hall
■Dr. Brett Anderson .....
■Dr. Oordon Campbell .
|Dr. VV. J. Cnrry	
■Britannia Beor.__.__._„
■Cascade Beer- _._
IVaa Bros.	
 602 Hastings Weit
 805 Oranvllle Street
,.301 Dominion Building
-..Westminster Brewery Co.
.-Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 Ciders and winei
■Vancouver Drug Co...
-Any of tlieir six storei
■Famous Cloak A Suit Co-
Dry Goods
-.613 Hastings Streot Weit
lLasalle Extension University  701 Standard Bank Bldg.
|B, C. School of Pharmacy and Science '. —v—.615 Ponder West
Brown Bros. A Oo. Ltd. 48 Hastings Eut and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros  2898 Qranvllle Street
■Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co  ■• 333 klngiway
INuim and Thomson ......— - 531 Homer Street
Hastingi Furniture Co.———-■ ———- 41 Haitingi Stroet Weit
Ballard Furature Stor.  1024 Main Street
36m. Furniture Company.... _ 416 Main Street
|"Slaten" (three itorei) Haatings, OranvUle and Main Streets
{Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender street West
ICalhoun's, Ltd.  61 Hastings Street, East
|0. B. Allan -,.,,-> 480 Qranvllle Stroet
Masseurs, Etc
|M.,F. Eby, B.A., M.B., - 999 Broadway Weit
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton A Co., Vlctoris, & 0.)
Printers and Engravers
| Cowan A Brookhouse  Labor Tempi*
I (Holland-Dibble Tower Building
Taxi Service
I Stanley Steam Taxi Co .....:	
Theatres and Movies
Empress -  Oroheum ... :........,
.....334 Abbott Street
. Pant' ges
No Truth to Story of the
Failure of Norfolk
(By   Laurence   Todd,   Federated
Press Correspondent)
' Washington. — Associated Press
dispatches from Norfolk, dated
January 29, Jubilantly announce-
the alleged collapse, failure and utter downfall Of the "Norfolk plan,
urider which the International Association of Machinists had finance
ed the operation of the Crescent
Machine Works—the biggest machine shop in Norfolk and the only
one now running. Only a few days
before the Associated Press had
sent out from Washington a dln-
patoh telling of the great construe
tive value 6t the Norfolk plan, aa
an antidote- to strikes.
Why the sudden reversal of form
by th. A.P.?
Seortary-Treasurer B. C. David'
son of the Machinists, who was
guoted in both these statements by
the A.P., throws light on tha matter when he explains that th. Machinists have reorganised th. Crescent works on a basis whioh makes
the workers ln the plant one-half
holders ot the stock and hence one-
half sharers of all the profits of tho
The machinists, through their officers, held a 840,000 mortgage on
the plant. Th*jr decide to foreclose
the mortgage".' The sale under the
mortgage took place on Saturday.
The Mt. Vernon Savings Bank of
this city, controlled by the Machln.
lsts' International union, bought
the Crescent-.shops at the sale for
87,800. The remaining assots of the
Crescent Works will be sold, and
the mortgage will absorb ten-
elevenths of thb proceeds. The outstanding claims include $2,780 assessed by the Ironmasters' Association upon the old Southern Iron
Worki, predecessor of the Crescent,
for importation of strike-breaker,
some years ago into Norfolk.
"We win, whether these remaining assets sell low'or' high," said
Davison. "We get ten dollars to
every dollar th. enemy collects. W.
will bid a reasonable amount for
the assets.
"When we completed the sale of
the .shop under the mortgage we
organized the American Engineering Company to pperats It. This
company will enlarge and improve
the plant, and will operate continuously. The Netherlands govern-
govemment, for Instance, Is inquiring with a view to,sending Dutch
ships to us for their repairs when
on this side ot the water( as we
will be the most economical shop
tot them to patronize. We hope to
get the Italian ships also. We have
applied to the shipping board for
rating as Class A In marine repair
"Local Norfolk capital ls offered
for the company, and the employees In tho shop will hold half tha
stock and get half the profits, calculated on tho hours of work done
by each man and the rate paid ln
the port for each class ot repair
"Far from being 'out' we are better 'In' than ever. We hold the
mortgage, our bank holds the shop,
and wo form tho operating company, which will rent the factory
from our bank and will, In partnership with Norfolk capital, employ
our own members ln a continuous
and.substantial industry at good
wages, Marine repairs must be
made. Ours IB the biggest shop ln
the big port of Norfolk, and the
only one now operating. We have
the good will of the trade. We have
abundant credit. We are going to
Install Improved machinery and enlarge the capacity of the plant.
"That Ib not the sort of failure
to keop us awake nights."
It appears likely that the Associated Press correspondent ln Norfolk, whose triumphant declaration
that the Machinists had "failed"
was so promptly hugged to lte heart
by that "neutral" news purveyor,
was ln touoh with spokesmen for
the Ironmasters' Association, which
had failed fo collect its .2,780 assessment for the lmportatior. of
strikebreakers. . That association
has just announced a reduction in
wages in Its shops, which are now
closed, due to Its anti-union stand.
When they learned of the advertised sale of the Crescent Worka
under tho mortgage the Ironmasters sought to have the concern put
Into a receiver's hands, but they
failed. This wos the only failure
connected with the whole affair, according to Davison.
Its favorable report on the Norfolk plan-was sent out by tho A.
P. after the plan had been hailed
by the magazines and editors of
the country as a fine scheme for
making labor conservative. Its reversal on the Issue may reflect the
suspicion now prevalent in the business offices of big publishing corporations that all of these self-financing and self-employment projects are "loaded" ngainst the established order of capitalist society.
In any event, no retraction will
overtake the "failure" report read
by scores of millions of American
readers on Sunday.      . .
dFAlitt -HiVtUTi
"Thty say that I died to democratic Germany."
"They aay that I died to Pruatlaniaa England."
"Ah, let us eaoh congratulate the othtr on hla success."
—From the London Daily Herald.
(By Arthur Thomson)
On account of the abuse and advantage taken of Mexican workers
lh the United States, President
Obregon has drawn up a bill to be
submitted to the Mexican Congress,
hoping thereby to remedy this evil.
The bill In part follows: "It Is
hereby decreed, that the Mexican
workers wanting to go out of the
country must enter Into a contraot
according to the following clauses:
"1.' The contractors must pay to
the Mexican workers the same salary paid for the same class of
work, and the same period of time
to the workers of other nations,
therefore, the salary to be received
will not be stipulated Jn the contract, but will be paid according to
the usage of the country In question. *
'2. Stipulation must be made in
these contracts that the Mexican
workera will receive equal treatment, lodging and boarding as that
given to the rest of the workers,
and ln no case will they be served
their meals In separate dining-
'3. The contractors must agree
to pay the transportation for tho
round trip of the Mexican workers,
and to guarantee their return, a
deposit must be made with the immigration office at the point of departure. The amount to be deposited will be equal to the amount
of the returti transportation cost ot
each worker, plus ten per cent, of
that amount for expenses.
"6. Women workers under 18
years of age cannot leave th'e co\in-
trjt unless with the consent of the
parents, guardians or husbands except where accompanied by them.
11. The workers who should be
denied admittance by the Immigration officials of the country of their
destination, will be returned to the
.place of their origin at tho expense
of-the contractors.
!Jb?Ml3fl The immigration officials
Will prevent the departure of Mexican workers who have been 're-
ci'uiteiT without a strict compliance
ob the: stipulations of this decree,1
ilf Mexican workers receive the
same.[wages as other workers ln
the.United States that will help
considerably towards preventing
the. employers from Imposing
cheap-labor to the disadvantage of
native labor. Especially will this
be so In the border* states where
most of the Mexican workers now
RQf -Corporations In these states
have.,fnr years been taking advantage of the Ignorance of the Mexicans ub regards language, conditions, etc., and employing them for
starvation wages, long hours and
miserable living conditions, where
they provided boaitt and lodging.
Southern California companies and
corporations have been notorious
ln tliis respect, frequently employing Mexican laborers for half the
wage paid native laborers.
Big   Fight   Being   Made   Against
Powerful  Anti-Union
Taxicab Company
Chicago—Union and taxi drivers
own and control co-operatively
three of the largest taxi-cab companies in Chicago as well as a number of smaller companies, according to T. F. Neary, secretary of the
Auto Livery Chauffeurs Union.
The Checker Cab Company is
owned and controlled by about 700
men. Each man owns his own car,
pays an Initiation fee and his share
of the gai*age rent and all other
overhead expenses. He nets about
75 per cent, of what he makes from
passengers as against 13 or 16 per
cent, received by the unorganized
Yellow Cab drivers.
Tht Atlas and Diamond Cab companies are also co-operatively owned. The rates of the co-operative
companies are lower* than the Yellow Taxi-Cab Company, the only
non-union company in Chicago.
The membership of tho Chauffeurs Union ls 5080 strong.
Found in Onr Mail Bag
Growls from Garr L Uss
Dear Mr. Editor,—Can't you
give us working stiffs a chance to
write an editorial or two? We
can't all be university students, you
know, and tell the world through
the editorial columns of the Dally
Sun. Hear, or read, what they
have to say to one of their readers
regarding those editorials and the
writers thereof: "This article and
articles of a kindred kind are from
the pens of those who will in a
few years assist in controlling the
destiny of Western Canada. For
this reason they provide a peep
into the mental processes of the
next generation of statesmen and
business men, and are interesting
from this standpoint, if from no
other." Do you get that, 'bo? Of
course, that let's out the ordinary
mortals who work for a living, so
far us running the country is concerned. We don't count for anything in the country's life, in the
opinion of the Sun. One haa to go
to tho University to find those who
will be the statesmen of the next
generation. And have you noticed
the subjects that are being treated
In these editorials? A few recent
titles are ".Recreation," "Charity
within our gates," "Knowing,
thinking, and doing," and "Good
Citisenshlp"—all matters of greatest import to a struggling humap-
lty, distressed by starvation, misery, slavery and wars. If these are
examples of what the Sun would
call 'statesmanship,' then it will be
none too soon when labor has the
predominant voice in the ordering
of state affairs. There was one
editorial which displayed a more
liberal vision. It expressed very
strongly and ably the viow that the
oil-fields of the North should be
nationalized, so that the oil produced would bring benefits to the
people, Instead of profits to the
capitalist and speculator. I doubt,
however, whether the writor of
that article would be classed as a
young statesman. Those who advance such views are usually called 'reds.'
Can you tell me why we are being so well primed with propaganda on the Ulster Parliament
and the Prime Ministor in that
Parliament? Sir James Craig
seems to have been selected for tho
Big Chief's Job, and I g'uess his
cabinet has been picked as well.
I've been wondering what is likoly
to happen if Sinn Felnn or the
Nationalists decide not to contest
any soats, The poor old Ulster
Unionist Council won't have any
religious issue to blind the Ulster
labor man with them. It would be
rather funny if Mr. Belfast Worker and .Company decided they were
not so eager for the company of
Sir James and his capitalist
friends, and preferred   leaders' of
their own choice. As the poet has
said, "The best laid plans of mice
and men aft gang on the blink."
I have also seen lt suggested that
Sir Edward Carson had an idea
that the industrial workers of Belfast and district might be just a
little too strong for him, so he had
included ln the Ulster Parliament
the two counties of Down and Fermanagh, which are predominantly
agricultural, wtth a view to their
counterbalancing the labor vote,
to a certain extent.
'Yours ever,
Wholesale    Jailing    of    Socialists
Docs Not Dampen Spirit
of Workera
Madrid.—Practically complete returns from the general elections to
the'Cortes held Dec. 19 show that
Instead of losing two of thoir six
seats in Parliament, as was flrst
reported, the Socialists managed to
hold their own, despite the persecution to which they had been subjected by the Spanish authorities
during thc campaign nnd the failure of the Communists to support
the Socialist candidates.
Among the six Socialists elected
is Pablo Iglesiaa, the veteran leader of Spanish labor who at present
Is regarded by the Communist elements as thcir strongest opponent.
Through tho customary abuse of
power by the Conservative Governmont, including the proclaiming of a Btate of siege over two-
third jj' of the country and the
<vrtol6stile jailing of Socialists nnd
Ctinimunlsts, as woll as the spend-
itik'- ot money for the purpose of
ccirnitrting the voters, the liberal
parties were hold in chock and the
Datt6' ministry is sure of a good
working majority In the new
Seven Hundred Arrests as Result
of Communist Uprising—
o       ,   Urge General Strike
fi Prague.—A Communist uprising
rn ■ Ozoc ho-Slovakia against the
government has boen crushed.
Seven hundred workors have bcen
arrested here. The factories aio at
a standstill. Communist papers
are suppressed and printing works
are closed down.
' The minors of Kladno declared a
genoral strike, but later returned
to work, and Deputy Shalek In Parliament has doclared the gon-
darmes are hounding the men ln
Cossack fashion. Communist headquarters are urging a general
strike to gain control of industry.
British industrial organizations
have boon invited to send delegates
to the world congress of trade and
industrial union organizations convened for May 1 in Moscow.
Monday's Lesson Was on
the Nebulous Origin of
the Earth,
The eecond lesson on evolution
was delivered lut Monday at the
-usual time, 8 o'clock. The F. L.
P. hall was almost filled wtth an in
terested audience, and one which
proved that women are alao ready
for mental emancipation.
The speaker, W. J. Curry, never
lost the opportunity of making It
understood that he waa presenting
the established facts of cosmic and.
biological development aa a basts
for the lessons ln social evolution
which would begin soon after the
man-like ape began to uae a club
and become an ape-like man.
The apeaker flrat contrasted the
two stories of creation, the one
taupht through the book of Genesis
and that one given ua through cen-
turlea of effort on the part of the
greateat minda of the agea. The
one maintained through blind faith
and organised Ignorance. The
other* based on experience and reaaon.
He showed how childish waa the
atory handed down by the Jews,
and how marvelloua and majestic
ls thia world and the infinities of
time and space, of matter and
force shown by men of science,
whoae only object was to discover
and make known the great truths
of nature.
Yet It would be foolish to ridicule these primitive dreams of
creation. These children of the
race gave the best they had. They
took dreams foi* realities, they
knew nothing of gravitation, to
them aa to all primitive tribes,
their tiny territory waa the centre
of all things, and they the "Chosen
people of God." They looked on
the aun, moon and atara aa lights
hung out from the firmament of
heaven to give them light. They
had no knowledge of the world aa
lt was, no navigation, no telescopes
or microscocpes. Ghosts and gods,
devils and wltchea were to them
terrible realities.
We ahould not ridicule thoae
poor savages, but rather ourselves,
when we realize that theae ideas
are atlll held by millions of our
race, looked upon aa divine truths
whtch lt ta a crime endangering
men'a "eternal souls" to doubt or
Think of the Solar syatem and
the earth a mass of mattei*, whirling 25,000 miles ln apace on lta
axis once a day, and travelling
around the sun at 68,000 milea an
hour, and yet the earth la a tiny
globe compared with the four outer
planets of the solar system.
But the Solar system, vaat aa tt
ts, la but a drop ln the Infinite
ocean of space. The great astronomers tell us there ai*e twenty
million of these suns each the centre of a solar system visible to the
telescope and many vastly greater
than this system.
Add to this the other world revealed by science through the microscope, the world of living, organism ao tiny that thousands may
Inhabit a drop of water.
Nebulous Origin of World
Like other great discoveries, this
ls itself an evolution. The work of
many, Bruno, Kelper, Herschel and
Kant advanced this theory of the
evolution of the solar system,but
Le Place put lt on a secure basis.
The Nebula of our system contained thousands of years ago, the
same elementary matter as now
compose the material of which we
and the earth consist, aince matter
la eternal.
Thla our Nebula was once in a
gaseous state, and in incandescent
or highly-heated form as are other
Nebula revealed by the telescope.
The Nebula la the aame throughout but all things change, and its
Incandescence ls but a passing
phase, the heat due to the contraction of the miifs, dun in turn to
the attraction of its particles.
Contraction produces haat, and
heat motion. Currents begin to develop the motion, and contraction
increases. The motion becomes a
whirling body, and the shape of
the mass round.
Throwing Off the Planets
An emery stone may go to pieces
through speed and so this revolving
mass of gaseous matter, probably
thousands of millions of years ago,
threw portions of its outer* part off
and these became tho outer planets,
Juptter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. These were the largest, and
somo are still in an Incandescent
form, the smaller bodios Mercury,
Venus, Earth and Mars, parted
from the central mass later.
These planets tn turn threw off
masses of matter termed Satallltes
or moons, and as this earth ts the
child of the sun, ao the moon Is an
offspring of the earth, and a dead
world. Because of its smallness,
It cooled first Fr'om thla we conclude that In the course of time,
the earth and sun Itself will grow
cold and then perhaps In a future
time, a collision with some great
celestial traveller, will reduce It
once more to star dust and it wtll
again go through the evolution
from Nebula to a solar system.
The Origin of Life
The speaket* last Monday read
and quoted the great authorities,
showing that the transition from
Inorganlzed matter to life required
no supernatural power, but was as
natural and Inevitable under .the
right conditions as the evolution of
the Nebula to a planetary systom.
Life Is a manifestation of matter, our* bodies are composed of
aome of the same elements as are
contained in the fiery atmosphere
of the sun. It Is simply a matter
of organization and the power
through union haa a*, tremendous
social significance. Society ls today not Nebulous, but in that
stormy, heated eondttlon, and now
forming new unionB and activities,
which give promise of an orderly
Soa tho Mother of lAto
There Is no leap fr'om non-living to living matter.
Professor Tyndall said: "I seo in
so-called dead matter all the potentialities of life process."
Huxley, the great zoologist, said
In his chatper on spontaneous gen-
P*H lia • Day to Help Break tb*
Electrical Worken Strike
ta St. FMl
St. Paul—During the Itrlke ol
electrician, ot the Bt Paul Oa.
Light Company and the Northern
State. Power Company lut O.to-
be., strike-breaker, ware paid 110
a day and expense., or about twlee
the aum demanded by union men,
•It wae revealed in Federal court
here. Thl. wa. brought out ln a
ault in whloh two of the atrlke-
breaker. ask damage, aggregating
$87,000 from Henry Crepeau, deputy commissioner of publio aafety
and three detective, for falM arrest.
Peter Bukowskl, one et the
plaintiff., testified he had done
strike-breaking duty ln other cltlea
and had made "easy money" by lt
"I got 111 a day while I was ln St
Paul on that linemen'* atrlke," he
Questioning of William Clancy,
another of the strike-breakers, by
tho attorney for the defendants,
brought out the admission that he
was a profeaslonal gamble., and
that he had been employed a. a
strike-breaker for IB years, most
of the time by the Thiel Detective
Agency of Chicago.
An Incident
A prominent shoe merehant was asked bf a customs*
if he could recommend a good shoe repair shop. He r»
plied, there wu one juit across the street BOT —ok
W» 4rt Juat Around tha Corner on Cancan Straet from
Haitingi Straet   ' ...
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
Phone R.F.-SM AUO.B.V.*S—p
-      RUSSIA"
Sam* Editorial PoUcy to Be Continued Under Print*
New Yolfc.—A message ot greet
Ing to comrades and friends ha*
been received from Ludwig Martens, former representative of the
Russian Soviet Republlo returning
to Russia on board the steamship
Stockholm, by Soviet Russia, formerly the official organ of th*
Russian Soviet Oovernment Bureau.
The radiogram reads:
'All   well   and   happy.   Weather
beautiful.       Heartiest     greetings
and thanks to all   comrades   and
friends.    Martens."
Soviet Russia ha. been taken
over a* a private publication by
Kenneth Durant, former Acting
secretary of the Soviet bureau. The
magazine will continue under the'
editorship of Dr. Jacob W. Hart-
mann and will maintain th* wai
editorial policy a. hitherto, being
devoted exclusively to th* presentation of accurate information
about Soviet Russia.
Westvtlle, Nova Scotia, Miners
havo secured a new agreement
which includes wag* Increases of
10c per ton; . 6o per day lncreaae,
contract rates advanced 12 1-2 per
cent and miners to pay 12.25 per
ton for coal for home use.
eratlon: "It it were given me to
look beyond the abyss of geologically recorded time, I would expect to see the evolution ot living
protoplasm from non-living matter."
Lester Wa.d, In summing up the
subject of the genesis of life, says:
'There ls no more doubt but that
protoplasm Is elabroated out of
inorganic elements than that ammonia or common snit Is so produced. I. contains only oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon and'sulphur.
Tho waters of the globe therefore
on tain the elements that ever entered Into any living organism, and
especially the constituents of protoplasm."
This crude form ot lit* Hack el,
the great demonstrator of evolution, calls "plasson bodies." It haa
the power of assimilating matter,
of eating and growing. It moves,
but lt has no mouth, stomach or
nerves. . These activities are the
result of Its chemical organization.
First Living Organism
The noxt step ln evolution Is the
development of the cell, a portion
of protoplasm containing a membrane and a nucleus. There Is organizod protoplasm. There ls dlf-
ferontatlon. Protoplasm In Its
crudo state as tt oxlsts at the bottom of the sea, ls amorphous (the
snme throughout.)
The cell ls round and ontaln. a
membrane and a nucleus or the
mo.e vital portion.
Next week tho .evolution of the
cell will be followed up step by
step to the mammal, perhaps to
the "missing links." some of whioh
have been dlscovorod since Darwin
published his groat work, "The Origin of Species and tho Descent of
This work produced a tremendous sensation in the realm of religion, if evolution 1. true, the
basis of orgnnized Christianity ts
The theological owls and bats
began to flutter, soreeoh and
scratch as the flame from the torch
of science, held by Darwin, shed Its
rnys Into the Intellectual dungeons,
thay had Inhabited so long.
But evolution Is winning all
along the lines. .
'•(Br'Aili*) ''■*',-:: *.
(Federated Pre*. Staff Wrtt»r.
Almost any time !
If you turn ovor :...'>'-
To th* FINANCIAL page
Of a big oapltalbt dally
Tou oan find , '   ~
Laat week, for Inatanoe,
A big 8TEBL man
Was telHng hi. banker
How CHEBttniL
He felt about th* SHUT DOWN
In hu plaat *
"A year ago," h* aald,
"W* had a serious STRUM,
And while the MEN
Did not exactly WIN,
Since they cam*'back t* work
I'm tret to aay,
They've practically RDM
My plant
W* may b* clo_*d a w**k
Or month or so,
But when w* OPEN—■
Tou may net aanirtd   .
Will he _unnlng ttl
Thla I* our chaa**
To gat rid of laggard*
And by O ■ ■■ -
We'r* going to DO ttl"
And I remembered '
Th* pleasant folk* wbo *ay
"The lntereat* of Capital
And LABOR >>
Are ONE!"
And I remembered
The women and babies
That are HUNORT
Because of tbat .hut-downl
And I remembered
Our Vlce-Preeldent Coelldg*
Pompously making add_**_e*.
Shouting to tbe worker.:
"Produoel    Produce!"
W. E. Fenn'g School
Phone*: Ser. I01-*y. ttOAB-O
Social Dance* Monday, Wedneaday and Saturday.
pumas, raaoBaaajmaaa-
Unloa Offlelsl., write tw prion.    Ws
Oa aad titer Jaa. 1,1 MO, w* wm be
located at 111* BOWS ST.
Guaranteed Coal
If our ooal is not satisfactory to you, after yon
hare thoroughly .tried it
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour H. 1 and 46S
Greatest Stock ol
in Greater Vanoouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Farmtare Co.Ltd.
41 Haitian atsnt Wtet
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable R.falatin. Fill fer Women; ti
a box. Sold at all Drug Stor.., or aallM
to any addron on raclpt of prl... Tb*
8oeba!l Drug On., St. Oatatrlntl, Oatarla.
Restore! Vim md Vitality; (or Ustis aaA
Brain; increaita "frair matter;" a Tealt
—will build yon np. |S ■ boi, or two for
$5, at drug atoroi, or by moil bt im*M
of prloo. Tbo Scobell Drug Oo., 8t OMk*
wines, Ontario.
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the daily
Shave easier.
We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaoh.
The Oomplete Sporting Gooda Store
, THIff.TBENTl-1 YEAlt.
FRIDAY——.^.February 11,1M1
i.&-'ir|v' '.—*
Boys' Dept.—Second Floor
.   Hart Schaffner & Marx
The new Hart Schaffner and Marx Suits for Spring have
arrived. Suits with that gentlemanly refinement and
air of indefinable distinction for which Hart Schaffner
& Marx are famous. Clothes of
Such Quality as Commanded $75.00 Last Fall
Immaculately cut in the finest of pure, "virgin" wool..
Perfectly tailored. Men's and Young Men's models
created by master designers in Men's Clothing. Craftsmen who know the secret of unobtrusive style. These
beautiful Spring Suits come in the newest weaves and
patterns. All sizes.
■ i IV J   .
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store
for Men and Boys
W. W. Lefeaux Gives
,   Graphic Account of
His Visit to Russia
I'1" * ——
(Continued (rom page 1)
noticed after orosing the frontier
waa that everything seemed to be
new—buildings, railroad tracks,
telegraph pole, and wires, were all
new. Upon questioning, his guides
Informed him that all the new
equipment was brought into Archangel by the British who had gone
away In a hurry and left it, and
that was not all there was—they
had also brought telegraph equipment, bacon, hams and various
■upplles. The Russians aald, "We
hope they will send some more
British expeditions If they bring
supplies like they did last time."
New National Hotel
200 Outside Rooms
Special Rates by the Week
Ph.  Ber.  7080—1221 Granville
It also appeared that ■ Yudenltch
brought a lot of barbed wire with
him into Russia. He also went
back to the British authorities who
had supplied him and left his
equipment behind. Other counter
revolutionists also left the Russians
well supplied with war materials.
If the mass of Russia ever makes
up Its mind that -the European
powers are not going: to let them
alone, these powers may have a
very bitter pill to swallow.
Policy of Destruction
The counter revolutionists who
went into Russia to save the people
from destruction always managed
to flnd them during their Journeys
out of Russia to destroy everything. As a result there are all
kinds of ruins. The railroad stations along the line, are now centres of propaganda and In a good
many of the buildings you will find
a library. The locomotive engineers—aristocrats of labor there as
elsewhere—are not altogether satisfied with their wagos.
When dealing with the question
of transportation the speaker took
the occacslon to point out that Lenin and Trotsky were not the die-
The Hat You Want!
Thi. .tore la hat headquarters. No matter where you usually
buy your other things, try Calhouns this season and get a really
becoming hat   Tou're sure to get the style which suits you here.
You'll admire these popular, stylish hats
for their good style—their quality Is unquestioned, because there are none better
made. They are a man's idea of a comfortable hat.   All sizes and d»|   *__Z
MALLORY   _..... $6.50
NONAMB     $0.50
McKIBBON .... 16.50
BEAVERS ..$12.00
CAPS »1.8 5
All One Price
***tS    Ism
Largest Hat Storo In the Weet
Vancouver   Hamilton  Winnipeg
THE GARMENTS shown are all mad*
ln B. O. by B. C. labor, with B. O.
capital, for B. C. citizens.
Everybody ln B. O. benefits lf you buy,
made-in-B.C. goods,
——   PLEASE NOTE    ~""™"
Credit Institution
that Is a credit to B. O. Its object
Is to help B. C. fnnilllCT to drees
well and look prosperous by supplying STYLISH and SERVICEABLE CLOTHING on easy terms of
Special Terms All This Week
Miners Protest Against
Allied Demand for
More Coal
Berlin.—The delegates of 500,000
German miners, meeting here, have
passed a resolution saying:
This conference desires to call
the attention of the Coal-miners*
International Secretary in London
(F. Hodges) and of the Trade Union International in Amsterdam to
the fact that, with, the expiry of
the Sfla agreement, a still nigher
coal delivery is being demanded by
thc Allies from Germany, and that
the payment of 5 gold marks premium will be discontinued. Against
this we make the most decided protest.
The resolution further points out
the German miner is already working overtime to the danger of his
health, in contravention of the decisions of the labor conference of
Washington, and that the coal delivered to the Allies Is at under
market prices. Germany ls starving
for coal, while France Is glutted.
It ls not yet confirmed that the
premium of 6 gold marks has been
withdrawn, but there Is no doubt
that the Allies are procuring from
Germany a store of cheap coal, by
which to smash any pussible miners' strike. Thousands of British
miners are unemployed and employers are putting up a big campaign to cut wagei tn half.
Would Increase Working
Hours of Labor
(Continued from page 1)
tators of Russia. The dictatorship
was by the class-conscious revolutionary workers functioning
through the Communist Party of
Russia. This party had a mem
bershfp of 40,000 at the time of the
revolution and Its membership now
was about 800 thousand. During
the Soviet regime the transportation capacity of the country had
been more than doubled. The
great trouble had been over fuel,
as they had had to use green wood
for the purpose when In a state of
war, but the situation had been relieved for some time now through
the Increasing quantities _pt oil
coming-in. In considering . the
difficulties the Russian people
have had to contend with it must
be remembered they have been
subjected to a blockade for seven
years. The Germans commenced
this on the outbreak of the European war, and Russia imported a
vast amount of machinery and
other manufactured commodities
from Germany.
Street Cars Run Free
The station at Petrograd
much the same as any other European railway station. In the city
street cars were running and there
were thousands of people on the
streets. The speaker stated he
looked round for the Red Guards
and Bolshoviks, but they were not
as plentiful a« the police on the
streets of Winnipeg. The street
car system ls free. One consequence is that at the present time
the cars are crowded and, as can
be imagined, "the small boy" is
much In evidence. During rush
hours there was Infinitely more
order than In Vancouver, and
there is absolutely nothing to compare with it in New Tork, London,
Paris. Newspapers are scarce,
and as a result they are pasted up
on the walls In various places. The
speaker declared he had walked
the streets at all hours to see if he
could see any trouble, but in vain,
His visit to New York on his way
home was detailed as a contrast.
Women in Petrograd could go
home from their work at any time
of the day or night without the
slightest fear of any trouble. Prostitution is an unknown thing ln
either Moscow or Petrograd,
Everybody works there,
body can get a Job. There is no
such thing as unemployment in
Russia. There are lots of people
Who don't like that at all—compulsory labor. Don't the masses
ot the workers have to work under
Cure For Children
Dealing with the efforts being
made by the Soviet Government
for the care and education of the
children the speaker corroborated
the statements made by Isaac McBride the previous week in the Empress Theatre. He alBO pointed out
that the stories of the Communist
commissars living ln luxury were
all lies, that they got exactly the
same rations as those engaged ln
similar work. Chicherln, in charge
of the Foreign Ofllce, got the same
rations as tho clerical force, which
were scant. The details of the rations caused some amusoment to
the audience, and Comrado Lefeaux
admitted that at this distance lt
appeared humorous, but over there
it was really tragic, and it must be
borne In mind that we are responsible for allowing such a condition to remain in force through
permitting our governments to
maintain the most brutal blockade
in the history of civilization. The
death of John Reed in Russia can
be laid at the doors of the Christian nations without any exaggeration.
Coinnmntets Aro Most Activo
The members of the Commqnlst
Party are the best and most Intelligent members of the working
class, They are the ones who
worked at the front, went out Into
the cholera and typhus districts,
and they do the dirty work. Russia
cannot afford to lose these workers. The education of the.children
and the spreading of the social concept that they havo a duty to society, they belong to the working
masses, they belong to the country,
that their duty Is not confined to
thetr blood relations. When thoy
all come on the streets they have
the same knowledge as those in a
well-ordered home—in order to
promote this common welfare and
happiness It ls necessary they do
those things that are of benefit to
society as a whole, That concept
will destroy capitalist Individualism.   That's why the outside world
of various kinds has dropped to a
pre-war price without any reduction in wages. This drop will not
necessarily be to the advantage of
the consumer. The manufacturer,
the wholesaler and the retailer
are all anxious for bigger profits,
and that is where the benefits will
remain. The Blump in retail prices
Ib mostly taking place at the present time, In order to raise money
to meet the shortage of finances
now prevalent throughout the business world. Money is '.'tight" because so much of it has been tied
up in new factories, machinery
and stocks during the past few
years. The banks have been financing so many institutions, that
the sudden and continued demand
for more money has "busted"
dozens of banks on this continent
and also on the old.
If labor does not hold its own
ln the present crisis, then the
standard of living will be reduced
far lower than lt was prior to
1914. Prices will not drop to the
pre-war range, hen'ce every reduction ln wages will not only lower
the standard of living of that particular craft but will affect, every
other craft.
Financiers Suggest This
Move as New Readjustment Scheme
-   By William G. Roylance
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Simultaneous editorials and articles recently appearing in a number of popular magazines and fln-
nanclal journals indicate the beginning of a "drive" to restore the
western ranges. These publications
represent that a part of the land
brought Into cultivation during
the recent period of high prices
for farm products should be abandoned.
"In the normal process of readjustment," says one, "the marginal producer will necessarily be-
eliminated." According to another,
such agricultural sections as western North Dakota, the eastern portions of the inter-mountain region
and most of the southwest should
be restored to the range.
It ls admitted that it would be
hard on the farmers, but it is held
that their misfortunes are, after
all, a comparatively Insignificant
Incident In the process of readjustment. The throwing of several
millions of wage earners out of
employment in the dead of winter
is also spoken of as an Incident ln
the process of readjustment,   .
So are the enormous losses
suffered by mjiny manufacturers
and merchants, and lf we carry the
logical process through to finality,
the ruin of an entire Industry, the
collapse of a nation or the downfall of civilization will also be incidental to the process of readjustment.
And what is It that Is to be readjusted? It ls the existing industrial and business system. And
why do we have sych a system? Is
it to serve the people, or tho people
to be sacrificed to it?
Clothing   Workers   Still
Solid in Big N. Y
(By the Federated Press)
New York.—Fifteen thousand
locked out olothing workers filled
Madison Square Garden to the
eaves in what was probably the
greatest and most impressive strike
meeting that New York has ever
"Besides tlie demonstration we
are making today," said President
Hillman in addressing the workerB,
"there Is taking place a great
funeral, the funeral of the Open
Sweat Shop, and the employers are
the mourners.
"In this, the eighth week of the
lockout, we serve notice to the
manuafcturera that it Is Impossible
to break us. Having failed so far,
the employers are going to the
courts. I am not here to discuss
what the courts may or may not
do, but I serve notice on them that
the Amalgamated cannot be dissolved." Continued applause met
this statement.
Frank P. Walsh, former joint
ohalrman of the War Labor Board,
told the workers that their present
fight was only part of a concerted
movement conceived by the employers during the war. "In my
position on the War Labor Board,
I saw the forebodings and the
gatherings of the clouds breaking
over you today. Theft was a determined, specific and definite plan
not only to reduce wages but to
destroy the power of unionism."
Announcement was made at the
meeting of the pledge bf a quarter
of a million by the International
Ladles Garment Workers' Union,
and the receipt of S30,000 from the
Chicago Joint Board.
A Correction
In the report of McBride's
meetings of Sunday, January 30,
which appeared in last week's
Issue the collection was reported
as being $14,000. This should
have read $1,400.
hates them so bitterly.
The speaker then stated he had
not the time to give details of all
he saw and at the time at his disposal briefly reviewed the work of
the universities and the officers'
schools for«the Red Army, the attitude of the peasants, and the
Mensheviks; the suppression' of
Every-, ^j,e iy[ng capitalist preBS, and paid
glowing tribute to the splendid
efforts of the medical profession,
who have never been accused of
sabotage during these trying years.
There Is no sign of any deBertlon
amongst the mass of the workers,
and no "graft" ls tolerated under
the Soviet regime. Any member
of the Communist Party caught
grafting Is shot.
The collection resulted in about
$170 being contributed by the audience,
After the collections, questions
dealing with the attitude of the
trades unions to the Communist
Party in Russia, the fate of tho
lawyers and anarchists, and sir dry
other matters were answered by
Comrade Lefeaux.
Springfield, Ill.—Complete official
tabulation of votes cust by all local unions ln Illinois ln the miners' election, December , 14 last,
shows that Robert H. Harlln of Seattle, Wash., carried Illinois by a
margin of 18,100- votes over John
h. Lewis of Indianapolis in the contest between them for tho presidency of the United Mine Workers
of America.
Ops. Refuse to Check Off
Assessment for Strike
s Du Quon, HI.—What Is regarded
as a blow at the authority of the
United Mine Workers and an attempt to agitate a strike waa the
action of Illinois coal operators ln
refusing to check off an assessment
of $1 levied against each miner ln
the fields here by the International
Executive Board to support the
Alabama strikers. This Is said to
be a flagrant breach of the contract between the union and the
operators. By their action the
operators indirectly aimed at the
Alabama strikers, say miners' officials.-
In explanation of the refusal to
levy the assessment tn accordance
with the terms of the contract the
men were told that a wire had
been received from "the association" not to check off, but extra $1
bills accompanied the statements.
Similar action, it ls Bald, was taken
in Indiana.
New York.—A protest against
the deportation of Ludwig C. A.
K. Martens, representative of the
Russian Soviet government, has
bcen passed unanimously by the
Central Trades and Labor Council
of Greater New York, in a resolution which practically reverses
the policy of "not recognizing the
Soviet government," adopted at
meeting held a short time ago.
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In   a   choice   of  twn   _hn ilp.—•'••tl''
and without belta—imnrteit of all
styles ln Italncouts.
Wm. Dick
33 Hastings St. East
ir It Isn't what
you want, bring it
hark. Our goor-
antoe goes—
whether lt Is a
twit, price or not.
Union Smashing
Campaign in States
(Continued from page X)
of Altoona and vicinity muat
recognise that thie 18 not only a
drive to lower the wagea of the
railroad workerB. It Is an attack
upon Altoona. It la a drive agalnat
all .the workera ln this district. It
la part of the flght of the antlre
claas Mr. Attenbury represents
against the working class.
"Therefore the Altoona units of
the ONE BIG UNION propose the
formation of a COUNCIL OF
'ACTION for the working class of
Altoona and vicinity, this COUNCIL OF ACTION to be composed
of delegates from all labor unions
In the counties of Blair, Cambrai,
Clearfield, Bedford, Huntingdon,
Indiana, Clarion, Somerset and
"Your organization ls requested
to elect three delepates to represent you In this COUNCIL OF
ACTION, which will convene, to
organize and consider plans of
action against the wage-cut in Altoona on WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY, FEB. 22, 1921.
"Please supply delegatee with
proper credentials and send names
of delegntcs elected Immediately to
tlie Executive Committee, Altoona
Units of tho ONE BIG UNION,
P. O. Box 284, Altoona, Pa.
"Tho sessions of tlie Council of
Action will be held in Fnihslnn
Theatre, Oth Avenue and 12th
Street, Altoona, Pu., beginning at
10 a.m., continuing all day.
"Yours for solidarity ln this
"BEN LEGERE, Organizer.
"For the Executive Committee, Altoona  Units  of   the   ONE  BIG
Bevin Looking Forward to Big Alliance of Labor Unions In
Tliat Country
Ernest Bevln, addressing Clyde
transport and allied workers at
Glasgow recently, said that if the
proposed transport fusion was
achieved, lt would soon have as allies one union for distributive
workers, one railway union and one
seaman's union; and this quadruple
force would be a powerful machine
for progress.
A referendum Is now being taken with a view of amalgamating
organizations engaged ln transport
work of all kinds, Including hand,
horse and power.
Big Export Trade Does Not Help
Mastics—Millions Working
Short Time
Unemployment in Germany has
reachod terrible dimensions, in
spite of the fact that the big producing trusts are able, with the assistance of the low exchange value
of the mark, to carry on a profitable dumping export trade. Thus
the officially registered number of
unemployed Is now a little under
400,000, while at least three times
that number are believed to be
working short time. In Saxony one-
tenth of the population la unemployed.
Communists   Chase   Reactionaries
with Stink Bombs ln Uie
City of Berlin
The municipal councillors of
Greater Berlin, says Reuter, had to
quit their hall suddenly recently.
The public ln the galleries had
for some time shown indignation
at their reactionary policy, and on
the defeat of the Communists motion to withdraw the changes
against certain electricians accused
of sabotage, stink bombs were
thrown at the reactionary councillors, who rushed out of the hall.
The Communist councillors remained and sang the Internationale.
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Operations Exposed
Of Private Detective
Agencies in the States
(Continued from.page 1)
Berger, who acted as Hoyne's
agent in dealing with Chicago busl-
ness men and carrying out the
raids, and to T. J. Cooney, manager of the Thiel Detective Agency.
Admitting that he sent the
threatening letters, Ballin pleads
that he did not violate the section
of the law which assumes that tho
offender did it for proflt. He contends that he did not benefit by
this act as he was merely an
employee acting under orders ol
the detective agency.
Daniel A. Urotz, of Chicago, is
Balltn's chief counsel. Benjamin V.
DoWltt of Now York II) associate
The Federated Press will summarise Baltin's revelations In a
series of articles to be published
on successive dates.
The Red Raids
These articles will report whnt
Ballin testifies about the R«;l raids
of January, 1920, about the Communist Labor party trials in
Chicago in July of last year about
the Wall Strtjft "bomb explosion"
of lust September, about the Chicago post office explosion of May,
1018, and about the threatening
letters to public officials.
They will set forth the activities
of the private detective agencies
through their amazing network of
spleB, agents' provocateurs and
thugs in all radical organizations,
and the connection whtch these
agencies have established with law-
enforcing officials of the United
States Government, of various
states and counties and municipalities.
Btg Bnsiness Started It
Ballln's testimony shows how
the vested Interests use these
agencies ln thetr war on organized
labor, both the conservative A. F,
of L. trade unions and the militant Industrial, groups. His charges
sustain the widespread belief that
Big Business started the "red crusade" for the purpose of crushing
labor and operating all American
Industry on the basis of the nonunion shop.
His conversations with the managers of the agencies reveal the alleged methods practised by them
to "shake down" the well to do.
The gullibility of the "captains of
industry" who put up the funds for
the red raids and prosecution as
revealed by their detectives' boasts
passes all belief. Briefly tho method
was to collect an enormous slush
fund for the raids, to spend this
framlng-up "plots" through spies
in the movements. The business
men were then held up for money
to pay operatives tracing down the
plots. Bombastic letters were
then eent to the proper parties
with violent hatred expressed for
the detective agency prosecuting
tho raids. The magnates were thus
convinced of the. value of the
agency in ferreting out revolutionists, and contributed additional
sums to pay detectives engaged in
the quest of the writer of the
Preservers of the status quo
who secure business ln this fash-
Ion cannot be expected to be souls
of honor in dealing with their"
operatives or with their rivals for
business, Ballln's testimony shows
how the agencies beat down the
wretches who act aB spies by refusing to refund money expended
at the order of the manager, how
H. W. Watts will speak at the
"Open Forum" ln the F. L. P. hall,
Bunday afternoon at 8 p.m, Subject: "Working Claas Obstruction*
they dismiss men without rhyme or
reason, how they pay employees of
the rival agencies to furnish them
carbon copies of reports, and how
they have spies in the rival offices
to keep them Informed on Jobs secured and sought after.
The picture would be incomplete
without details as to the practice
of the "stool pigeons" in' beating
the agencies by padding their expense accounts, by failing to do
the work assigned and sending in
faked reports, and by drawing pay
from several agencies and publie
officials for the same work.
The atory Bailln has to tell is so
sordid and so startling that most
readers And it difficult to accept his
testimony on first sight. He submits with lt, however, a collection1
of documentary evidence whtch Is
overwhelming. Still more Impressive Is the chain of circum-1
stantlal evidence which corroborates everything that he Btates so
far as lt can be traced,
New York.—Professor Gedeskul,
formerly a leading member of the
executive committeo of the Cadet
party of Russia and vice-president
of the Second Imperial Duma, and
now secretary of the engineers' section of the Transport WorkerB' Union of Russia, has signed a call to
the technical engineers of aU countries to ally themselves with the
workers of their respective nations.
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