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British Columbia Federationist Jun 1, 1923

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ndustbial unity; strength *».      Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
tlFTEENTH YEAR.   No. 22
$2.50 PER YEAR
Central Labor Body to Make
Drive for Building
Jreat War Veterans Have
Decided to Join
pne of the outstanding features of
ie big "Society Circus and Mldsum-
ler Carnival," to bo held hero Juno
'0 to July 7, Inclusive, under the aus-
jlces of the Vancouver Trades and
Abor Council, and tho Great Wur
I'eterans, will be the big Queen congest, to decide who will be chosen to
opresent Miss Vancouver and Prin-
ess Tlpperary, and two other Prin-
The prize for the girl chosen Queen
Miss Vancouver), will be an automo-
ile, while the prizes for Princess Tip-
erary and the other two Princesses,
rill be two valuable diamond rings
nd a wrist watch.
Thin contest Js expected to create
(onslderable friendly rivalry nmong
lie big business firms to have a girl
hosen Vancouver's Queen, nnd a number of the firms have already nomi-
ated their prettiest girls to compete
or the honor, and it is expected other
rms will enter the field shortly.
The proceeds of this circus will be
sed for the purpose of erecting a
ancouver Labor Temple, and to swell
ie Wnr Veterans building fund.
The big Society Circus and Mldsum-
ler Carnival will e held on the circus
rounds at Smythe and Homer Sts.
Tickets for the Queen cpntest will
^e placed on sale by the competing
\rla (for queenshlp honors), at 25c
jach. The value of each of these
^ckets to the purchaser, will be ex-
pained by.the contestants.
Season tickets will also be placed
sale, which will entitle the holder
Jo one admission for each and every
ight during the carnival.
Queen contest headquarters will immediately be established, the exact nd-
ress of which is to be published soon,
ji the meantime, nny questions will be
radly answered nt the offices of the
'rades and Labor Council, 319 Pender
treet West.
Laborers to Meet Monday
The newly-formed Laborers Union
decided to ask Secretnry Bengough to
(lend for a charter to the Hod Carriers
Ind Common Laborers International
■vCnlon at Quincy, Mass., on Monday
Ijight. This request has been corn-
Tiled with, and the application for a
I'harter was mailed on Wednesdny.
[ 11 members will be notified by mail
to their next meeting, which will
Ha held on Monday, the 28th, in the
Ikhor Hall, 319 Pender Street West.
My Musical Festival
li Music-lovers   in   Vancouver    hnve
fcen well attended to this week.   The
■jusical   fesitval  at  the   St.   Andrews
fhurch, has drawn large crowds, and
lie competition between the various
■Soil's and Individuals has proved that
'Jere   is   considerable   talent   on   the
laciflc Slope.
|(The festival will close on Saturday
Tight at the Arena, when all the prize
pinners will appear, and one of the
j'-entest events In the musical history
■-' Vnncouver, and in fact British Co-
Imbia, will be staged. The prices
1'e reasonable, and lt is expected that
capacity of the Arena will be
■"-Iked to the limit.
[ecure   Design for   Badge
To Be Made by
Union Labor
1 The   committee   appointed  by the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
ft) make preparations for the Trades
ijongress convention to be held here
September, ls one of the liveliest
ftimmlttees    fn    connection with the
■Ubor movement In the city.
fj, A design for a badge has already
Peon secured, and If a'local firm can
iroduce them with union conditions,
hen the contract will be let here, but
me decision has been made that they
Stall be made by union labor.
(The city council has (already guar-
hteed that the sum of *1000 will be
onated, and efforts will be made to
ijjeure  a grant  from  the  provincial
bvernment,   which  body   has   made
jnilar donations to other convention
It It Is expected that there will bo a
%eclal edition of ihe Federatlonist on
Friday prior to the convention,
J-hich will convene on September 10,
the Hotel Vancouver ballroom.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
fiThe Federatlonist, and then call
jLround next day ior a subscription.
Paints Picture Wliich Depicts Horrors
of Human Warfare and
' Sacrifices £2000
R0Nndon—Commissioned by the Im-
V v^War Museum to paint three plc-
tii v of the Versailles peace conference, Sir William Orpen has thrown
up his commission for the third picture, sacrificing £2000 sterling rather
than continue to glorify the conference which made Kurope safe for future wars.
Instead of painting the Hall of Mirrors filled with the generals and statesmen who drew up the Peace of Versailles, he has painted a picture of a
bier on either side of which stands a
soldier nearly nude, whose greenish
flesh is In a state of putrefaction, He
calls it "To the Unknown British Soldier ln France." It Is drawing large
crowds to the Royal Academy.
Many Applications Received
and New Members
The regular meeting of Local 462
of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters held on Monday last, was the
best attended meeting of the season.
Nine new members wero Initiated,
nnd 44 applications received.
A feature of the meeting was the
distribution of free raffle tickets on
the car which the local has decided
to dispose of in this way; each member present was presented with a
ticket, and at the next meeting a
further distribution will be made.
Nomination of officers will take
place at the next meeting, which will
be held on Monday, June llth, and
the draw for the car made on June
25th, when the officers will be elected
for the next year, but only those
present at the meeting will be entitled
to participate ln the drawing; members not present, even if theirs he
the winning number, will not secure
the car ,as one of the stipulations is
that the winner must be present.
when the draw is made. ,    .
It was decided to separate tho
office of Business Agent and Secretary-Treasurer, and it is hoped that
evory member will be present at the
next moeting to see thai the most
capable men are nominated for office.
Reports from members indicated
that there was a strong desire oi:
the part of the Carpenters to organize, and that efforts will bo made to
.secure the best posjlble conditions
and wages on all building construction, and with the Building Trades
committee of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council acting in conjunction with the carpenters, it Is not expected that there will be any trouble
in building trade circles in Vancouver
this year.
Workers'   Party   to  Hold
Picnic and Propaganda
At the usual propaganda meeting
of tho Workers' Party on Sunday
night, the speakers will be H. Harris
and Dr. W. J. Curry.
A picnic will be held at Jericho
Beach ln the afternoon, and all party
members and friends are invited to
Join in the frolic.
The usual monthly dance will be
held in the Clinton hall, on Saturday,
June 9th A flrst class union orchestra has been secured for the occasion,
and an enjoyable evening Is assured
to ull those who attend. Dancing
will commence at 9 p.m. The prico
of admission is ladles 2fic, gents 50c.
The Sunday propaganda meeting
will be held as usual tn the Party
headquartetrs at 303 Pender St. AV,
Seattle—A two weeks boycott of I.
W, W. loggers, who went out on a
two-weeks' strike to free political prisoners, has been called off by the employers and employment agencies In
the Skidroad district nre displaying
signs calling for men. The employment offices previously had not been
displaying job notices, but were .sending men out whom they were assured
not to be I. W. W. In filling the de-
inands for loggers; no distinction is
now made as to organization nflllfn
Berlin—Thirteen suicides occurred
here In one dny. Of these, nine eases
were those of girls and women. Kco
nomic distress was the motive in each
oaHe. To I hope cases thnt come to the
observation nf the police, Hhoulrl be
added the many unsuccessful attempts
nt suicide that are hushed up.
You may wish to help Tito Feder
aiionlst. You can do so by roneuing
your subscription promptly and send'
tng tn the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Drawn by Wilfrid Canan for The Fod crated Preaa.
Arbitrary Action on Part of Owners of
******    ****** ******    ******    ******    ****** ******
Company Town in British Columbia
Powell River Company Orders Employees to Quit Union-
Situation Is Aired in Dominion House—Minister of Labor Says
That Provincial Government Has Power Under British North
   America Act to Remedy Situation  	
TX)R YEARS the workers in British Columbia havt; protested against ..onipany towns. They have
taken the stand that so far as personal liberty was concerned, they were nothing but slave encampments. Protest after protest has been made to the Provincial government, but the company
towns have remained unmolested, while the residents in these modern feudal confines have been
denied thc right to read what they wished, or to oven think aloud.
Whenever the representatives of organized lahor have made protests against the intimidatory
methods of the employers controlling these slave compounds, they have been informed that owing to
Dominion legislation, the Provincial government had no power, as thc land was either leased or sold
by the Dominion government-
Labor papers were banned in these paradises of ruling class espionage, where the postmaster
depended on the good will of thc company to hold his job. Mail was closely scrutinized, and the
Federationist or any other radical paper was sirietly taboo, and consigned to a place whore thc
workers could not get access to them. In fact, the Federationist has received numerous requests
from many of its subcribers -who have been compelled to accept work in one of these slave pens, to
have their papers wrapped in a capitalist sheet, so that the company for whom they were working
would not sec what they were reading. The Federationist, however, has invariably taken the stand
that to do this would be to weaken the morale and fighting qualities of the workers.
It is not long ago that word was received from a portion of this last great West, that thc
Federationists were destroyed by tlie postmaster, who had set himself -up as a censor, and in conjunction with the village policeman, who had a mind as big as a toad, had decided that working class
publications were not fit to be distributed amongst the resident of that particular burg.
But the debate in the House off conditions are satisfactory, tho housesf think for tliem. f am not cxaggerul
arc quite properly hullt. the sanitary
coudltioim excellent, and the light and
Commons reveals that the Provincial
government haa the power to control
compnny towns. When Mi*. A. W.
Neill, independent member of the
Domilnon House for Comox Alberni
raised the question of tho offorts of
thc Powell River paper company to
crush the Pa perm alt ers' Union, he
was Informed that the Dominion had
no power to not, and thnt tbo Provinces, under the BrltlBh North America Act, have exclusive jurisdiction
over property and civil rights in the
province.    Undor    these    conditions
water satisfactory. Tlie houses are
furnished to lhe company's workers
art. a very reasonable rental. There
Is nothing to complain of In that respect at all. I wish to give credit
where credit is due, hut unfortunately
the compnny have the Idea—It is an
American company, under alien management and with alien capital—
wliich Ih prevalent In some sections
or the Sttaes that lhe worklngman Is
practically   a   chattel, and thoy not
there can be only one conclusion arrived at, nnd that is that the provln-  om> h»™ «'" people In    lliat   town
clal government Is passing the buck,
and that all company towns come
under their Jurisdiction.
We would like to publish all tho
statements that were made in tho
House un the Powell River case, but
space forbids, and the remarks of Mr.
Neill will disclose the situation as it
stands in that particular slave encampment, and later on further particulars as to other similar places
will be published and commented on.
Mr. Neill, In opening the question,
made the following statements:
The Powell Itlver company Is ..a
huge imijmt manufacturing company
ou Ahe const, ahout one hundred miles
north of Vancouver. It Is one of those
places called ti company townsite.
that Is. the company obtained a town-
site, put up Iheir works, ami are the
exclusive owners or the townsite with
the exception of one small block
which Is owned by a Chinaman. The
effect of (his Is t}*M the company
practically controls ever) one who
lives and speaks or even thinks In
lhat (own. I wish (o give full credit
where credit. Is due. Tlie town Is
very well run from the point of view
of labor conditions, that Is, the living
working for tliem but they
.lane 1st lo -Piinc'sth
FBIDAY, .June 1- -Molders.
MONDAY, June 4- -Klectricnl
Workers No, 310, Hollermuk-
ci'H, Structural lion Workers,
Federnl Labor Union.
Labor council.
i—Trades ami
Shoe     Workers,
Photo Engravers.
8—Bobt &
THURSDAY, June 7—Maebin
lsts, Nn. 1K2, Garmont Worlt
ers, Tailors, Steam and Opcr
atlng Engineers. No. 84-1.
ing, because I know the circumstances. I know a case where a man went
as a delegate! to u political convention and won promptly discharged for
that reason, I know another ease
where a minister of the gospel was
accused of being too democratic in
thc views or Christian democracy
that he preached, and that man—he
was not fired, Tor they do not lire
parsons, but he was notified that his
house was required for some other
purpose. The parson was willing to
stay, and his congregation were willing to keep him, but that man had to
Ish to sever Ills connection with that ehurch
because the views of Christian dc-
moeracy thut he preached then' were
not acceptable to the management of
thc town. I am only saying this by
way of illustration lo give the House
au Idea of the attitude or tin? management towards the people or that town.
TJlic company, of course, Is largely
employe.) in making paper, and there
is a pa per ma kern* union, a trades
union, in thai town, and thc union has
heen languishing a great deal iiecuusc
since labor conditions got hard, the
union was frowned upon by the management, and lhe only place they
eould hold thcir meetings was In this
Chinese block Hint I mentioned beforc. 'Hie company was unable to get
this Chinaman lo move. He had
bought the block la-fore (he company
acquired (heir properly. Tito Officials
of this organization were notified
about a mouth ago that tbelr serviced
j would he dis|HMised with, l-.vrry will-
| eial or that union was discharged and
their plaees were taken by somebody
'else. Now the members or this trade
{ union have been notified that unless
they surrender—that Is the word used
—bDfore next Sundny, their charter,
I (Continued  on  page 4)
New South Walea Administration Is
No,w Showing Reactionary
Sydney, N. S. W.—The anti-Labor
government of New South Wales, has
closed up several of the State-owned
enterprises Instituted by the former
Labor government. State-owned sawmills, timber yards, bakeries, meat
shops, Ash shops have been closed, In
every case the State-owned industries
have been offered for sale to private
Arms as "a rare opportunity."
Coincident with this government
programme, prices have taken an upward leap. The intention Ib to dispose of all government enterprises,
and leave nothing to hamper private
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federationist.
Big Interests Have Advantage Because They
Have Money
[By John Bobur]
Ottawa.—The great advantage enjoyed by the big interests in influencing legislation is being strikingly illustrated here in connection with the
revision of the bank act. There are
In attendance at the committee which
has this task in hand no lens than
six lawyers, who are acting in the interests of the banks. Two of these
are men of outstanding .reputation in
the Dominion, and one Is a man who
has frequently acted as representative of the public ln big inquiries into
railway rates. The others are what
are known as "parliamentary agents''
or, more commonly, "lobbyints." In
addition to their legal lore these
"lobbyists" count a good deal upon
political pull, and both Liberal and
Conservative parties are represented
amonge them. One of the leading
counsel from outside haB also had
somewhat close associations with the
Progressives, from whose ranks has
come the chief opposition to. the
bankers' point of view in the revision
of thc banking laws.
The commiltee has held nn extended inquiry Into the working of
the banking system of Canada, and
witnesses have hnen heard on a variety of views, ranging from the
bankers themselves to Major Douglas
of Douglns credit scheme fame. During that inquiry the radicals In the
committee got pretty free swing. But
now that the duy of witnesses Is over,
and it has come dowr to a question
of working out the details of the act,
the experts who gave evidence for
the radicals have departed; but the
counsel for the bankers remain.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Stool Pigeons Get Rewards
Through "Results"
(By Butld L. McKlUipH]
(Federated Stuff Correspondent)
Minneapolis.—Fifty cents for every
man betrayed Is the reward stool-
pigeons working in the Minneapolis
Stool nnd Machinery company's locomotive shops receive. These labor
spies are being hired through L'. Alac-
Aloon, a local private detective. In
addition to the 50 cents the stool-
pigeon gels for spying op his fellow
workers, the Minneapolis Steel and
Machinery company pays him 50
cents an hour for repairing locomotives.
Mow lho stool-pigeons aro recruited
was disclosed when a member of a
labor organization answered a 'Iilind'
advertisement for locomotive repair
meh. A blind advertisement Is one
in which the name or address of tho
person Inserting the ad- docs not
The applicant, after being given a
careful scrutiny by the alleged detective was asked a number of questions
relating to his past history. Then the
mailer of wages was brought up and
tho applicant Informed that f>0 cents
an hour was tho regular wage, but
that this could he easily doubled by
reliable men who kept iheir ears and
eyes open.
Keeping their "ears and eyes open"
tho detective explained nfter considerable conversation Intended to draw
Ihe applicant out, meant talking wilh
employees, oveadropplng around shop
conversations,     and     reporting     lho
names of nil employeos dissatisfied
with wages, hours nr working conditions. All talk regarding unions was
to be reported, also anything bordering on radicalism.
When lho applicant for a job refused to becomo a stool pigeon he
was Informed that, ho was making a
big mistake, as the shop wns full of
men doing that kind Of work and nil
of them were making "big" money.
Says  Mail Ib Scrutinized
by the Company
Property Is Protected, bat
Workers Neglected, Says
Labor MJP.
When the Powell Biver situation,
commented on in another column, was
eforo the Dominion House, 'Vim"
Woodsworth, Labor member for Centre Winnipeg, in his usual able manner, brought out some facts which
should be of interest to the workers of
British Columbia.   He said in part:
In some Instances, even the government poet offlce is located in the company's store, which brings all the mail
under the survey of the company's officials. If a man were suspected of
receiving a letter from some other
agency, he would be liable to be dismissed. I was ,told by an old classmate of mine, who happened to be at
one time in the employ of one of these
companies, that even the labor newspapers which passed through the government malls, were refused delivery
to the employees. And in this case
the employers are American companies. I submit that with such a condition of affairs in existence in this
country, we have a right to know who
Is going to be supreme—the government of Canada, which ought to embody the best Ideals of British liberty,
or some of these lirms which come In
from the other side of Ihe line, and
attempt to administer their affairs on
this side in the way in which they
have done in the Western States. The
Minister   of   Labor   (Mr.   Murdock),
ight to go on a great deal further
than he seems prepared to de at this
time, He has told us of the decisions
of the peace conference at Versailles,
and of the conference on Industrial relations, which took place some yeara
ago. He has said that no words of his
can be too strong to express hfs personal view in regard to tills matter. But
II is not his personal view that we
want to hear; what we want to know
Is whnt the government is going to do
under the circumstances. The Minis-
of Lnbor denounces those who
deny thc red-blooded workingmen the
right io organize. But whnt Is he going to do for those same red-blooded
workingmen? A few months ago,
when there was some trouble down in
Nova Scotia, troops were immediately
rushed to the eastern coast to protect
property. If It Is within the Jurisdiction of the Federal parliament to protect properly, if they ean find tlie
means so to do, surely it is within
their jurisdiction to find some means
to protect personal rights. Some of
s have been trying to urge that they
dopt political means of bringing
about the desired results. But
how can we do so witb any hope of
success If the government admits that
under the present circumstances, It I»
helpless to protect the men? In that
'use, sooner or later—I do not know
nbout the circumstances nf this particular case—undoubtedly the men
will attempt to protect themselves. I
think such action Is recognized by
British law as being the right of every
man According to the older philosophers and lawmakers that was one of
men's Inalienable "natural rights." u
was looked upon as deeper'even than
any political or government right.
Sooner or later, If political Institutions
fall lo function, men will take ihat
J. S. Woodsworth Asks Why
He Was Denied Entry
Into Canada
Ottawa, Mny 20—This cas_ of Alexander Howutl, deposed president of
tho Kansas miners, refused admission
to Qanada when on his way to aince
Hay, wot-again raised in tho Dominion
parliament on Mondriy.
.1. Si Woodsworth, Labor, Centre
Winnipeg, declared thai the exclusion
ol Howatt wait an attach un the freedom of speech.
The ground for declining admission
to Hi,wntl wns Unit ho wns llkt-ly to
become a public charge, sitld Mr.
Woodsworth, Ho exclaimed thai
lli'wnit wns coming to lecture, and
that there was little likelihood Hint he
wuulrl lurk funds.
".Surely the people of Cnnndn hnve
a I'lglll tn sny whom Ihey will admit,"
snld Hon. Charles,Stewart In reply.
Howatt hnd spent 15 months In Jail,
nnil wns deposed by his own association, Howatt was a man who might
become a publie charge If ndmlttdd,"
"Wns Howatt a publie charge in
Kansas?" asked Mr. Woodsworth.
"He certainly was when In Jnll." replied ihe minister. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY Juno   _ 11
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offloe:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. It. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, 3.
Clark, Georgo Bartley. 	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, 13.00 per
year; Canada, 1.2.60 per year, $1.60 for six months; to
Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
Unity ot labor: The Hope of tlie World
FRIDAY ..Juno   1, 1921
The Mentality of Members of
W7ITEN the United States military authorities
" mado investigations into thc mental condition
of the men who became soldiers in tlio late war,
the large percentage of men with minds of children of tender years, was described as abnormal.
Whether this deduction was true or not wc are
unable to say, but wc do considor that if the mentality of the members of the Dominion House of
Commons was investigated, it would bc found that
the most of them were devoid of any intellectuality, and were merely rubber stamps doing their
masters business.
a # tf
If the average citizen of this great country
would only read Hansard, he would be amazed
at the utterances of the representatives of the
people. Finance is supposed to be one of the subjects which politicians understand, hut judging
from the utterances of certain members of the
House on the financial programme of the government, it would appear that those who speak on
this topic knew but little about it, and eaji well
be classed with the childish-minded soldiers of the
United States.
Ontario is a great province. It has, according
to capitalistic historians, produced great men, but
there is at least one man in that province who has
evidently not yet learned all there is to know, as
admitted by his own words. This individual is
named Raymond. He is a member of the Dominion House, and represents Brantford.
It apears that Jim Woodsworth, who docs not
understand finance, but has some knowledge of
the lack of money and what it means, had criticized the bank act. He suggested that a capital
levy be made in order that the national debt be
paid. We do not know why he did this, unless it
was to show that the capitalists must pay their
own debts, as the workers have nothing to pay
with, but be that as it may, the fact remains that
he made the proposal.
* *       »
Our friend Raymond, in replying, made some
observations that are worthy of comment in view
of their lack of logic and paucity in intellectuality.   Por instance, he stated:
I do not understand a great deal that is said
and written about capital and labor, how can
we get money for nothing, and how the purchasing power of people can be increased
without the people working and saving. It
may be my stupidity, Mr. Speaker, it may be
the old-fashioned way in which I was brought
up, but I think what a man does not earn by
his hands and save, that lie cannot have by
enactment of parliament.
In the first place, the people who work do not
have their purchasing power increased, and they
have little chance to save. But there is no doubt
that by act of parliament, backed by all the armed
forces of the state, that men do get that which
the workers produce and have their purchasing
power increased and receive money for nothing.
The acts of parliament now in existence give to
those who control industry, although they have
never worked a day in their lives, the wealth
which they possess, and also the power to extract
more wealth from a slave class. So much for thc
stupidity of Mr. Raymond.
* *       *
But what about the stupidity of lhe workor.
He or she will, on election day, vote for the Mr.
Raymonds. They will work to secure thoir election
so that they can make more laws so that the
workers ean bc fleeced a little closer to the hide.
But the gridnig experience of capitalistic slavery,
coupled with tho work of tho militant members of
thc working class, is stimulating tho mentality of
the workers, and sooner or later, the workers will
get next to the Raymonds and the other capitalistie
hacks, and will also recognize the difference between freedom and "democracy."
China must of necessity operate against the
Lancashire cotton workers. This fact has not yet
however, been realized by those workers, but as
industry developes in China, so will the world's
market become more rapidly overstocked, and the
misery of the European workers increased. In
the meantime the challenge of the Eastern capitalists financed by American, French and British
capital, makes the chance of a war between the
white and the yellow races ever more probable,
and the same old game carried on by the workers
fighting for international capital, while the wealth
producers maintain their nationalistic outlook.
Get Ready for the Next War
■TOM  JOHNSON,   Labor  M.P.   in   the   British
House of Commons, and one of the best Labor
historians produced in the British Isles, sees the
danger of war in the East in the near future.
In the Glasgow Forward he makes the following
Get ready for the war with Japan, gentlemen I
Teach your boys the geography of the Far
East, for many of them will die on the China
seas ten years henee.
Thc government is to spend 9,500,000
pounds on a new naval base at Singapore.
It's not aimed at anybody, of course. Not
at all. It is only being built for fun. Rosyth
was not aimed at Germany, and Singapore is
just being erected into a great war port so
that our missionaries who preach the ways
of peace to the heathen yellow men may know
that the God of Battles is at their back.
Japan got no oil out of the Peace T-eaty.
That was an accident—an overlook.
And Australia is to get floods of assisted
emigrants, so that when the whistle blows for
the next war to end war there will be sufficient man-power on the spot to see it through.
Clearly, however, it would not be wise to
run a Japanese war unless the right kind of
Russian government were in power, and so,
even at some considerable trade sacrifice to
this country in the meantime, there is to be
an economic strangulation of the present Soviet power at Moscow!
A firm called Sale & Company has purchased 30,000 tons of Russian oil, and the
Shell Oil gang have purchased 130,000 tons
f.o.b. Batoum, practically the entire exportable oil surplus. Last quarter Russia bought
1,383,000 pounds worth of goods here; she is
buying 250,000 barrels of British herrings
(good news for our fishermen) 1 But no matter, the government has been ordered to smash
up the Trade Agreement, and every day inspired questions hostile to trade with Russia
appear on the order paper of the House of
Oet ready for the Japanese war!
We might also add, that thc attempt to flood
this country with immigrants has also a significance in this connection. Canada "did well" in
the last war, but her manpower was depicted, so
the ruling class has determined so see to it that
there shall be no lack of cannon fodder when thc
next war "for democracy" is staged. In the
meantime, wages are too high here, so say the
industrial and financial magnates, and a necessary preparation to a sufficiently patriotic attitude
on the part of the workers, is to get thcir stomachs
as near their backbones as possible; they will
then be willing to flght for a dollar ten per day
and the eats. In the meantime the Russian workers may have to fight to retain tlieir hold on the
country for whieh they have sacrificed so much,
and their future sacrifices will be limited or ex.
tended by the degree of working class activity
in other countries. The least the Canadian workers can do is to demand a policy of hands off
Russia and no more war for capitalistic "democracy," and starvation, which arc synonymous
TT has been claimed that religion Is"'various Divinities, Just as effectively
a   »u_     _n_t_    _-    .l..l,l..tt^. .I......1.1         n_     .]!_     . 1. ..     TT-<—      ...  • .
The Asiatic Question from a
New Angle
THOSfo wbo favor tho exclusion of the Asiatics
from Canada, but who have not yot realized that
the produce of thc workers is pooled in a world
market, and that the workers who oan produce
the cheapest are most likely to be at work, will
find something to think about in the following
figures sent out by the Chinese yfovcrnmont.
V # V
In the year 1919, there were in China 29 cotton
mills. In 1H22 there were G4. Tn 191!) there were
659,752 spindles and 2,650 looms, but in 1922 there
were 1,593,034 spindles and 7,871 looms operating,
and some half million spindles ready for operation.
Sf, H* '.'*
The   development   of   the   cotton   industry   in
Christianity and Business
TO7ITH Christianity we are not disposed to deal,
" but with the Christianity of thc captains of
industry we take issue. "Love thy neighbor as
thyself" is one of the tenets of thc Christian
Church, hut just imagine a captain of industry
oving one of his employees, the same as he loves
his own eaae-Ioving carcass.
Elbert il Gary is a steel magnate. He is a
Christian. In faet he is so mueh a Christian that
he pleads for a greater turning to Christianity as
a cure for the world's ills. But while he does this
with his tongue in his cheek, he says that it is
impossible for the steel corporations to abandon
thc twelve-hour day for the slaves who work in
thc steel mills where tlie heat is as intense as some
have pictured it to be in the hell to which sinners
will be doomed.
Brotherly love in a steol plant, where men toil
for twelvo hours per day under intolerable conditions, and for small pay, is impossible, and tho
employer who will work his slaves to tho point of
exhaustion so that his profits may be swelled, has
no lovo for his fellow man. There is no love in
businoss, and iu spite of the words of 13. 11. Gary
when speaking for public consumption, lie knows it,
and is as rank a hypocrite as any person who upholds the present system of society.
the basis of civilization. Considering what civilization fs today, there
may be truth in the claim.
Laat Sunday morning, I witnessed a
sight at the Arena, jnidcating the mental status of church-goers. Hundreds
of well-dressed men and women
marched upon the platform and were
stood ln rows to be almost instantly
knocked over by the hypnotic hand
of the celebrated Doctor of Divinity.
Some of these victims of spiritual power lay motionless, others waved their
hands and breathed convulsively,
while others were uttering exclamations, such as "Praise the Lord,"
"Hallelujah." The relative mental
stability of the two sexes was also indicated by thla vaudeville of faith. As
usual in theso performances, tho majority were women, and fully 9-10ths
of these wero bowled over at once,
while nearly half of the men resisted
this "influence of the spirit," and
walked off lho stage without being
Today thousands of people In this
city aro confused regarding this performance, and a wave of reaction Is
already in evidence, as Is always the
case after a prolonged emotional debauch of this kind.
Superstition versus Science
Dr. Price mny be a consistent Christian, since "God is the same yesterday,
today and forever," and If the Holy
Bible is as Ho declares, "true from
cover to cover," but If this Is so, this
gentleman is living In the dark ages
of thought, and to him the centuries
of scientific progress did not exist.
During the childhood of our race,
the forces of nature were not understood. Gods and devils and spirits
were believed to take an active part
ln the affairs of men, and we can understand how primitive man believed
in Divine healing and miracles.
Science had not been born, human
anatomy, organic functions and germ
life were unexplored worlds. In those
days, the natural mode of reproduction was considered too crude for the
advent of great teachers and rulers,
and so ancient priestcraft taught the
masses that many of their monarchs
were in truth the sons of God, born
of virgins. This idea still lingers on,
and alao the idea that the heavenly
rulers of men may, through Instruments, such as .Dr. Price, perform
miracles of healing. Last week I
had a conversation with one of the
"faithful" outside the rink. Said he:
"When God, through the prophets and
the disciples, healed the sick, and
raised the dead, why can't He do It
now?" and besides Christ, who is God,
transferred this power of Divine healing to His disciples, nnd by their fruits
ye shall know them.
Prom his premise this man was logical. . On my return home, I turned to
the Gospel of Mark, which H. G. Wells
considers the flrat of the great ten
books ever written, I flnd that Jesus'
last words to his disciples before "ascending to heaven," were as follows:
"He that believeth, and Is baptized,
shall be saved, he that believeth not
shall be damned, and these signs shall
follow those who believe. In My name
shall they cast out devils, If they drink
any deadly thing, it shall not hurt
them; they shall lay their hands on
the sick, and they shall recover."
If the Bible is true, mankind
should cease to reproduce, and heaven
will ' be uninhabited. - It Is doubtful if this test were applied, If even
Dr. Price, Billy Sunday, or the clergy
of this city can escape the "damnation of hell." Of course, we all know
that tlie Ideas of the Bible were those
held when even the wisest believed
that sickness was often the result of
devils or evil spirits, entering man.
But it is hardly likely today that one
clergyman In a hundred holds these
Ideas regarding the cause of sickness
and insanity.
In> those ancient days, it was also
held that hell was down ln the bowels
of the enrth, and heaven just over the
blue arch, or "firmament." Science
has abolished these myths, and has
also shown us the real basis of Divine
healing and faith cures. The Hebrew
people were a recent race compared
wit lithe ancient Egyptians and peopl
of India, nnd yet the records of tlie
latter show us that the priests and
prophets of those earlier nations were
reputed to have healed the sick, and
raised the dead, in the name of their
aa did the Holy men of the ancient
Hebrews or early Christians.
Tlie Powers of Suggestion
Just as coal-mlnlng and geology has
helped dispose of the old location of
Hades, as the abode of devils and unbelievers, and as astronomy and physics have abolished the ancient home
of gods and spirits, above the clouds,
ao Investigations with the microscope
have abolished the devil theory of disease
I have efore me a boolc from the
library of the Medical Association of
13. C. It is entitled the "Modern
Treatment of Mental and Nervous Diseases," It Is a ponderous volumo of
nearly 1000 pages, and indicates the
vast array of facts which have been
collected and organized during modern times on Ihis subject alone.
This is not the product of faith, and
ancient myths, but o fsclentific methods, and the science of the human
body as well us of all other subjects
as had to wage a warfare against the
powers of priostcraft and reactionary
lmposters, all through the ages, while
recent events prove that the conflict
between superstition and facts is not
yet over.
This work gives a brief history of
psycho-therapeutics, which is looked
upon today in the mystical and Imposing guise of Divine healing, etc. Here
paragraph worth considering—
"Suggestion is not only of peculiar antiquity, and probably the oldest kind
of therapeutics, but it Is perhaps the
most widely used at the present day,
entering as it does to a greater or
lesser extent Into every medical relation with the patient."
The term hypnotism was coined by
Braid, and haa displaced the older
term of animal-magnetism and mesmerism. When lmposters or dunces,
who pose aa the special agents of
spirit rulers, cease to exploit superstl
tion, and creduallty, the public may
learn the real basis of Divine healing,
faith cures and Christian Science, and
the other more materialistic manipulations which are with us today.
Tho Qunlity of the Humnn Mind
Perhaps T. J. Hudson, in his "Law
of Psychic Phenomena," has stated
the history and scientific basis of
faith cures aa thoroughly as any
modern psychologist. Hudson says:
"The basic proposition of this subject
1st. Man possesses two minds, ob'
jectlve and subjective, or what is \xs\_-
ally known as conscious or sub-conscious.
2nd.     The   subconscious   mind   is
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Wear a Cardigan
Sweater for Style and
Long Sleeve and Sleeveless Models Are
Here In Many Variations
of the Mode
Of light weight wool, brushed wool, silk and wool,
mohair, wool jersey, silk and mohair, silk fibre, etc.,
in plain colors, cheeks, stripes, novelty patterns,
etc. Every wanted color and combined colors; all
si_es-$5, $7.50, $9.75 to $21.50.
—Drysdale's Sports Shop, Third Floor.
575 OranvUle Street
Phone Seymour 8540
constantly   amenable   to   control   by
3rd. Tho subconscious mind has
control over the functions and sensations of the body."
(To be continued)
Seattle—A Farmers Union Label,
which will be displayed on products
of farmers belonging to the organization, was shown the Central Labor
Council at its last.meeting, by William
Bouck. president Western Progressive
Close co-operation between union
farmers and union labor in the cities
will be sought, Bouck explained. The
farmers' label, which has heen registered, will be displayed on farmers'
stalls at the public mnrket here.
Ring np Pbone Seymonr 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Drugless Healing
I HAVE provod to hundreds of sat-
isflod patlonts that in Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Loss of Manhood, Goneral Debility and many
othor diseases, my methods have got
permanont results whero all other
methods have failed. Our treitment
Is absolutely PAINLESS; having
had many years of PRACTICAL experience, we havo the knowledge that
only PRACTICAL experience can give.
Lownie Sanitarium
S14 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Job Line of Men's Felt Hats
at $1.50 Each
In Light Colors—Worth $3,60
Headlight Khaki Pants and       Men's Fine Calf Oxfords,
Overalls, Union-made at, per pair  $5.60
Men's Military Grey                  Men's Good Work Boots,
Shirts   $1.35 from  $5.00
_«■   ,   -.i.   ,_,_•__        j Dayfoot's and Leckie's
Men's Work Shirts, made Logging Boots
fnr the big man, in Khaki  S£—* —
Flannel. Men's Fino Serge Suits,
 at $35.00
Men's Lightweight Sox, „    ,   m      , _ .        .onnn
4 pairs  .. $1.00 Men's Tweed Suits $20.00
Blankets for $3.00
Shoes—Dr. Reed's 	
Cushion  Soles Waterproof Clothing
18 and 20 OORDOVA ST. W. 444 MAIN STREET
— Special Bargains —
Ladiea' Suits - Coats - Drceses
Tho most, completo and finest display
on tho Coast—Offered at "Maker to
Wonrer"   Pricos—Tou   can   save   on
every pnrebase.
Send for Mail Order Catalogue—Wo
BMp foods  anywhoro and guarantee
OIS HASTINGS ST.. Kear Oranrille
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
_01-_0_ Metropolitan Banding
837 Hastings St. W. VANCOUVER. B. O.
Telephones: Seymoar 6666 and 6667
Cigar Store
Who Pays the Store
Men's Tan Oxfords, with the
latest semi-recede toe; exceptionally priced  95.50
Men's Tan Mules-skin Boots, with
broad elk sole; very comfortable; cut price $3.50
White Running Boots, with tan
ankle guard, facings and toe-
cap, in men's, boy's and youths,
at $1,95, $1.70, $1.55
Boy's fino all-wool Jerseys, in
grey, tan, navy and dark red;
cut price $1.00
Men's   extra   strong   Cottonade
Pants, at $1.95
Men's Khaki Combination Overalls, at $2.95
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
Phone, Fairmont 4859
1160 Oeorgia Streot
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p_n
Sunday sohool Immediately followta
morning aervice. Wednesday testunonla
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading won
901-903 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrison S. A. Fare
Pbone Falrmona 68
Order Gallon Jar for your par'-J
ties and dances,
Phone, Highland 90.
YOUR telephone la of greater value <
each month goes by. With a stead
Increase in tho number of new telephone
you are constantly able to talk with I
larger number of peoplo. ThlB applH
*o different parts of the province.       ,
It means to the business roan thst I
is in close touch with more peoplo,
evory telephono is a long distance tefl
phone, anyone on the Lower Mainland «
Vancouver Island may be reached at I
moment's notice. The conversation
direct, the reply instant.
Don't overlook tho cheaper nlga
rates. Between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m. yM
got three times the day poriod at t\\
same price.
Patronize Federatlonist advertlsfl
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465|
Offlce No. 2
1026 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
Hare ron protested yptn.lt and foar family afalnet snek an emerfen«r,
with a SAVINGS ACCOUNT— the moat nluble Asset • mu aas aat. (or
the "RAINY DAT."
Wa STBONQI/Y RECOMMEND roa to start inch an aeeonnt AT ONOE,
at ona of onr City Branches.
HASTOJaS ul -ETMODB the, 8. Bunion, Manater
Oordon ud Abbott Main ud _»th An. _____ ud Broadway
Union Bank of Canada)
P.B.—If yon are living In a community not provided wtth Banking facilities, ad*
dress ui by mail, and wa wlU be glad to guido you In respect to "Banking by Mail." I FRIDAT. June   1, mi
The Dental Plate that overcomes erery objection to
wearing a plate,
Pits perfectly — can
OIvob    full    biting
be   used   with per
fectly     with
power of the Jaw—
fect comfort.
natural teeth.
perfect  mastication.
My Expression Plates are the result of a lifetime of
study and practical experience—I can flt you with
a permanent plate about 10 days after extraction.
Extraction of Teeth—Hygienic Grown and Bridgework—
Fillings—Pyorrhea Treatments, eto,
AU Work at Half Usual Doubt) Charges
Written 15-Year Guarantee Given
Oct ins' estimate on your work—It Implies no obligation,
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymour
Phone, Seymour 3881
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
Conncil—-Preaident, R. H. Neelauds, 11.
L. A; general secretary, Percy R. Ben|oajh.
Office: 308, 819 Fender St. Welt, Phone Bey.
7405. Meets in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
l tho flrat and third Tuesday! in montn.
Meots ■econd Monday in the month. President, J. R. White; seoretary, R. H. Noel-
anda. P. 0. Box fl6.
dova Street West—Business meeting!
'erery Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
chairman; E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland Drive, Vancouver, B. C.» corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Colombia desiring
information re securing speakers or the formation ot loeal branches, kindly communicate
with Provincial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
524 Birks Bldg., Vanconver, B. 0. Tele-
phone Seymour 1392, or Fairmont 4933.
second Thursday every month, 319 Pender
Street West. President, J. Brightwell;
financial aooretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
Ave. East-
AL Union of America—Local 120, Vaneoaver, B. 0., meets second and fourth Tuesdays in each month in Room 318—319 Pender Street West. President, C. E. Herrett,
71 Hastings Street East; secretary, A. R.
Jani, 320 Cambie Street. Shop pbone, Sey.
2702. Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
. Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings first
and third Mondays in each montb. President, P. Willis; secrotary, A. Fraser. Offloe:
Room SOS—319 Pender Stroet West.    Offlee
hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
bricklayers   or  masons   for  boiler worka,
etc.,  or  marble setters,  phono  Bricklayers'
Union, Labor Temple.   	
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local 452—Presidont.
Wm. Dunn; recording secretary, W. Page;
business agent, Oeo. H. Hardy. Offlee:
Room 304—319 Pender Street Weit Meets
second and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5,
319 Pender Street West.
land third Fridays in eaoh month, at 148 Cov*
'dova Stroet West. President, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albort Streot; secretary-treasurer, Goo.
Harrison, 1335 Woodland Drive.	
Steam and Operating, Looal 844—Meets
every Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
Temple- Secretary-treasurer, N. Green, 953
Hornby Street. Phono Soy. 7043R. Recording   secretary,   J.   R,   Campbell,   303   First
Street, North Vancouver.	
President, Noll MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball;
secretary, C. A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall
Union, Local 28—441 Soymour Street.
Meets flrst and third Wednesdays at 2:80
p.ra. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
8:80 p.m. Executive board meets every
Tuesday at 3 p.m. President, W* A. Colmar'
business agent, A. Graham. Phone Seymour
OF CANADA—An industrial union of all
workera in logging and construction camps.
Coaat District and General Headquarters, 81
Cordova Stroet Wost, Vancouvor, B. 0.
Phono Seymour 7856. J, M. Clarke, general
secretitry-treasuror; legal advisors, Messrs.
Bird, Macdonald & Co., Vancouver, B. 0.;
auditors, Messrs. Buttar ft Chiene, Vancouver, B. C,
Goorge; Becrotary, J. G. Koofe; business
rigent, P. R. Bongough. Office: 309, S19
Pendor Stroot West. Meets in Room 818—
RI19 Ponder Stroot West, on flrst and third
Thursdays in month
■MACHINISTS "LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
m Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; businoss
■agent, P. R. Bongough. Office: 309—819
■Pender   Street  West.    Moots  In  Room  3—
(319 Pander Stroet West, on socond and 4th
TiioHdays in month
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Moots at
IMoosn Hall, Homer Stroot, second Sunday,
kt 10 a.m. President, Ernest C. Miller, 991
■Nelson Stroot; secretary, Edward Jnmioson,
1)01 Nolson Street; financial socretary, W. K.
Williams, 991 Nelson Stroet; organiser, F.
Plotchor, 991 Nolson Streot
iROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and PaporhKngors of Amorica, Local
.38, Vancouvor—Moots 2nd and 4th Thurs-
(lays at 148 Cordova Street West. Phono,
toy. 3510. Business agent, R. A. Baker.
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meots in
_al)or Hall, 819 Ponder Stroet West every
,!nd and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp*
ion, financial secretary.
I Cordova St. West, P. 0, Box 571. Phone
Boy. 8708. Meetings every Monday at 7:30
p-m.    J. Pearson, business agont
0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
'ridsy of oach month at headquarters, S18
!ordova Street Wost. President, D. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
[dova Streot West.    Branch agent's address:
iVm. Francis, 1424 Governmont Street, Vic*
ijiorla. B, 0. 
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
_, P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. President, P. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
jteoording seoretary, A. V, Lofting; treasurer,
'A, F. Andrew; financial secretary and business agont, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave.
West. Office, comer Prior and Main Streets.
Phone, Fairmont 4504Y,
1   Amorica,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Presi-
pent, A. R. Oaten by; vice-president, Mrs.
wolk;  recording seoretary, C. McDonald, P,
1. Box 508; financial iecretary, P. MoNeisb,
. 0. Box 500
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO Soviet Russia—Vancouver branch meets flrst
tnd third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
-ordova Street West. For information writo
o branoh socrotary. S. T. A. S, R„ 61 Cor*
lova Street West, Vancouver, B. C,
Typographical union no. 220—pre-
1 sident, Wm. Skinner; vioo-presidont, A.
^uoltor: secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands,
' 0. Box 66. Meets last Snnday of each
Biinnth at 2 p.m
!-..m. on the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Sun-
Hay of the montk President, E. A. ,7amio-
ton, 991 Nolson St.; Secrotary, C, JI. Wll*
Mums, 99! No'son Rt : Businoss Agont, F.
[Fletcher, 991 Nelson St. ' 
UNTON. No. 41B—President, 8. D. Macdonald, • seemtary-treasnror, J. M. Campbell,
P, 0. Box 889. Meets last Thursday of each
11 In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
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much effort to do tills.   Try it.
123 Hastings St. E.—Sey. 3262
830 GranvUle Street—Sey. 866
liei Oranvillo St. — Sey. 6119
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
Choicest Alberta Creamery But-
Iced   PI
Slater'a   Famed   Smoked   Picnic
Hams—Average 4 to   1 Ci.
. lbs.  Per lb..
Slater's   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon, per lb '10c
Slater's Sliced  Ayrshire Bacon, por lb 30c
Slater's Sliced  Smoked  Roll
Bacon,  per   Ib 25c
Choice Sugar-cured Stroaky Bacon—Hall' or whole OOi*»
slab, per lb    OO 2 C
Finest Cottage Roll Bacon'
Smoked  and  ^ugar
cured;  4 lbs i'or	
Fresh Meat  Department
Have you ti'Ied one of our famous Pork Shoulders? Avorage
weight 4 to 8 lbs. Nothing finer
for your week-end roast. Friday and Saturday
special, per lb	
Choice    Pot    Roasts,    from,
per lb 10c
Choicest Oven Roasts, from,
per tb 10c
No.  1  Prime  Rolled  Roasts,
from, per Ib 15c
Choicest Boiling Beef, from,
per Ib. !  Ik-
Choicest Boneless Stew Beef,
per lb 10c
Middle   Cuts   of   Pork—2   to   8
lbs., per lb ..20c
Local    Prime ' Lamb    Roasts,
per   Ib .....28c
Local Lamb Stew, per Ib...l2"^c
Local Prime Lamb Loins, lb 32c
Finest   Pure   Lard—(Shamrock   quality);
3 lbs. for	
Sweet Oranges, doz., 35c and 40c
Marmalade Special
Kiddie Marmalade,    Og
No. 2 tins  OOC
Potted    Tongue — For    Sandwiches,  3  for 25c
Sinter's Famed Spuds, srio!. 05ft
Pink Salmon, three for 25c
B.G. Prosh  OA        OP-
EggB, dozen OUC   OOC
At Slater's Stores
HPHE flre soason In the woods Is close
at hand, and with it we hear the
cries of the lumber camp owners that
smoking should be prohibited in the
woods. What Is really happening is
that the boss loggers are trying to use
the fire hazard as a means to prevent
the workers from smoking; and also
at the same time, work up such a
noise about men smoking in the woods
that when fires do start as a result of
tho lack of sufficient flre-flghtlng
equipment that the government officials, if they Investigate the cause of
the flre, will be thrown on the wrong
scent, and the men will be blamed for
smoking In the woods instead of the
company being blamed for lack of
adequate precautions against flre.
One very good renson why they
should do thiB is because the lumber
companies will have to pay the cost of
fighting the flre lf it can be proven
that they are to blame.
Efforts were made to have the Provincial government pass legislation at
last session prohibiting smoking in the
woods during the summer months,
but without success.
Any one who has worked in the
woods knows that but a very small
number of bush fires originate through
loggers smoking in the woods, and
yet we find a number of logging camp
owners giving interviews to the press
In which they state that almost all
fires are started through men smoking In the woods. Among those who
make this claim we notice the names
of Norman English, S. F. Buck, A. E.
Munn, N. McDonald and W. Hanson,
besides several others.
i Buck, of the Deep Cove Logging Co.
and who tried to operate a nine-hour
camp until he could not get any men
to go out for him, stated that ft is impossible for foremen to stop smoking
at unseemly times, unless they are
armed with authority from the authorities. That "unseemly times"
appears rather peculiar words to use
except they are used to mean it is unseemly time to smoke during working hours. Knowing something of the
ways of Buck, one can understand
why he has that viewpoint.
Billy Hanson wanted to have a law
passed to stop smoking in the woods,
and a man appointed to see that the
law was enforced. It's a wonder that
Bill would not try to enforce some of
the laws that already exist, seeing he
is so anxious to appoint policemen.
The sanitary regulations could stand
a little enforcing around his lay-out.
And so the merry game goes on.
On every hand efforts are being made
to utilize all and every means to further grind down the men who work In
the camps. AU looged-off. lands in
British Columbia are nothing but pure
flre traps, and that state of affairs is
allowed to exist because it would cost
money to burn off the slashing during
the wet season; while the men who
work in the camps are blamed for
starting fires in order that the Provincial government may have to pay
for the expense fit fighting the fires.
Notices are now being posted up in
the camps regarding the wages that
will be paid for flre fighting; but as
we have been unable so far to get to
the bottom of this proclamation, we
shall refrain from making comments
on it until that information is available.
War Memorial Pictures in the Schools
[Lucy L.  Woodsworth] *
"Resolved, that no pictures be hung
in schools which glorify the war, or
which tend to perpetuate feelings of
prejudice or hatred against people of
other countries." This resolution has
recently been passed by the Parent-
Teachers' Association, composed of
delegates from 28 societies of Vancouver, B. _. Nor is Vancouver alone in
this matter. From other parts, my
attention has been directed to this
question, and I venture to hope that
before long the subject may be discussed in every school section in
The I. O. D. E. is offering these reproductions of the set of nineteen war
memorial pictures, and state that their
"purpose is that the youth of this and
future docades may learn something
of the devastation of war, something
of the heroism of their forefathers,
and be inspired to remember and emulate those ideals for which the men
and women of the British Empire laid
down their lives."
While not impugning the motives of
the I. O. D. E. in presenting these
pictures, tbe Increasing body of protest against them declares that they
glorify war, that they perpetuate distrust and hatred for the people of
other nations, that in the child's mind
they associate patriotism with militarism and slaughter, and hence that to
bang these pictures in our schools is
a tragedy indeed, a crime against our
One writer points out tbat the pictures, such as the "Surrender of the
German Fleet," "Canadians Arriving
on the Rhine," and the "Dentfi of
Montcalm," are calculated to make
for hostility among groups In Canada
for all time.
Curiously enough, the Inspector of
schools in Vancouver, while stating
that he cannot aee how the pictures
can have tho effect just described, is
reported as saying that "some of the
pictures perhaps should be hung in
the halls, as they depict scenes of
great suffering, and it might not be
advisable .to have these in schoolrooms, where sensitive pupils would
see them for several hours at a time
continuously before them."
Let us turn again to tlie avowed
purpose of these pictures. Surely we
do not need them to teach our children of the devastation of war, while
in every community there are men to
whom its horror Is ever-present, nnd
whose bodies are u living witness of
the wreckage of war. Again, would
we teach thein that their fathers offered their human bodies against tornadoes' of shot, shell bombs and sinister on-rolling clouds of poison-gas,
without keeping the horror constantly
before their young hearts by pictures.
Finally, would we teach them to emulate the Ideals of their forefathers?
Then surely we must teach them that
they laid down their lives in the belief that their offering would end war
for all time.
In this connection we are stirred
by the recent action of Japan.
Through her educational director, she
has ordered that all reference of a
militarist and narrowly patriotic kind
are to be removed  from school text-
'books, including the "National Reader," In place of these are to be introduced topics "intended to cultivate
in the pupil a tone of international
understanding and humanitarian sentiment."
No; now that we "elders" have
learned at such cost, the futility of
war as a means of settling our International difficulties, now that it is
freely predicted that the next cataclysm will wipe out western civlliza-
tl let us hope that the next $150,000
to be expended upon our schools by
well-intentioned citizens, may be dl
rectly applied to the Inculcating of
humanitarian sentiment and International understanding. As Longfellow
Were   half  the   power   that   fills   the
world with terror,
Were half the wealth that's spent
on camps and courts,
Given to redeem the human mind from
There were no need for arsenals or
Vou may wish to help The Federationist. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending in the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Detroit—More than 5000 crowded
the Danceland auditorium in Detroit
to hear Eugene V. Delis denounce the
Michigan syndicalist law under which
C. E. Ruthenberg was convicted, and
the other Brldgman cases are being
New York—Seven big construction
companies signed up with the bricklayers union on the second day of the
bricklayers' strike here, union officials
announced. The agreements provide
that the $2 daily bonus be paid to the
workers as wages. The union heads
believe that the number of firms accepting the men's demands will roach
more than 20 tho third day.
The striko has been extended to
cover 6000 helpers and laborers. Tho
bricklayers demand a two-year contract at $12 a day.
Essen, Germany—The French succeeded In loading 111,000 tons of coke
and 36,750 tona of coal taken out of
the Ruhr initios and intended for reparations purposes, during lho first
three weeks of April, according to
figures of fhe French government.
German figures assert that during the
same period In 1022, they shipped
366,000 tons of coke and 430.000 tons
of coal to France.
While the figures given above by
the French refer to coke and coal
loaded on to trains, the quantity arriving actually In France fs less, since
German rallwaymen succeed every
now and then in taking a train over
into the unoccupied part of Gormany.
Every reader of Tbe Federatlonist
can render valuable aftlstance by renewing their subscript Inns na soon as
thoy are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Patronize Feneratlonist advertisers,
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Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
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Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Tokio—Tbe Zanokal, a Japenese
organization of disabled soldiers, are
trying to organize an International
Federation of Disabled Soldiers to
work for world peace.
Lelpslc, Germany—A local physician examining a class* at school recently found that 27 pupils possessed
between them only three shirts and
two pairs of stockings,
Chicago—The second annual conference of the Trade Union Educatlnal
League will be held in Chicago, Sept.
1 and 2, the national office, 106 N. La
Salle Street, Chicago, announces.
Berlin—A recent Investigation Into
the lots of the "Klenrentner," that is,
older persons who are forced to live
on their savings, showed that 45 per
cent, have an annual income of 600 to
1500 marks, or 2 to 5 cents, and 42
per cent, of 5 to 6 cents. • This Investigation covered 22,216 cases.
Montreal—The Trades and Labor
Council of this city has adopted a resolution condemning antl-plcketing
laws. This resolution grows out of
the decision of the courts granting a
perpetual injunction against picketing
in the cose of the International Ladies* Garment Workers Union. The
case will be appealed.
Weimar, Germany—In this city, the
capital of Thurlngia, the consumption
of milk, as compared with 1921, has
decreased 64 per cent. The amount
of milk available per person ts .08
The Versailles treaty gave most of
Germany's cows to France.
Melbourne, Australia—The Australian Labor Party has protested against
two State premiers—Lawson of vic"
toria, and Fuller of New South Wales
—fraternizing with Mussolini, the
Fascist dictator of Italy. They met
Mussolini at Rome, when en route to
England, and complimented him on
restoring "sane" government in Italy.
Glace Bay, N. S.—Five "friends of
Labor" in the city council are under
the fire of the trade unions because
they voted to have the annual report
printed In a non-union shop. In soliciting the votes of the workers, these
•five aldermen promised to do all in
their power to help the Labr move
ment should they be elected to the
Washington — General European
crop conditions are good except in
Jugoslavia and Italy, where there has
been lack of rainfall, the International
Institute of Agriculture at Rome re
ports by radio to the department of
agriculture here.
Crop conditions In Germany are
above the average, while those In Ireland are good. Hungary reports winter crops to be improving.
Cereals in Poland are looking better, while Roumania reports general
crop conditions very good.
[By  Mildred   Morris]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—The Chinese bandits
are plentifully supplied with new automatic pistols and the latest types of
other arms.
Where did they get them?
Chinese Minister Sze answers the
question. He charges that the big
powers now talking intervention In
China, horrified by the kidnapping of
American and other foreigners by the
Shantung bandits, supplied thom.
Many of these arms possessed by
the bandits are known to be of American manufacture, Wero thoy shipped from the United States? What is
Japan's part in arming tho bandits?
What are Great Britain nnd Italy doing to keep tlie Chineso troublo makers well und expensively equipped?
Minister Sze will not discuss these
questions. He seems to fool that the
chargo ho makes speaks plainly
Italy, It may he recalled, refused to
sign tbo Washington arms conference
resolution which pledged tho powers
to prevent shipment of arms to
It Is pointed out here lhat there
long has been intervention by tho
powors in china. International intrigue has kept the long suffering nation
In turmoil. Factions financed by one
clique of foreign interests have beon
set against factions financed by other
foreign interests until China is now
the International grab bag. The
Washington arms conference under
the influence of Japan, did all it could
to holp the turmoil along.
International action by tho United
States and other powers will be welcomed by the foreign business interests which are grabbing for tho spoils.
The Harding administration has decided not to deal directly with the
Shantung bandits, because by auch action "the powers may sacrifice their
right to hold tho Pekin govornmont
responsible politically and financially."
Secretary of Stato Hughes, it was
learned, following announcement that
tho cabinet had discussed international action, Is studying data showing
tho number and type of naval vessels
attached to tho Asiatic Meet and the
aggregate numbor of personnel,
To send warships against China may
have the effect of overthrowing the
Pekin government, but whether It
would worry tho bandits is something else again, accorditig to opinion
horo, If it wore not for lbe tragic
situation of tho bandits' captives, tho
sense of humor might bo aroused by
the picturo of our great navy being
sont after a gang of bandits In a
mountain stronghold.
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the market.
We have these ranges built according to H. B.
specifications, and rigid inspection ensures
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We've Just Received a
Carload of them
—and in spite of the fact that range prices are going up,
we are selling them at the old price,
At thiB price they are the biggest bargain procurable.
Up-to-date in every detail—convenient, economical on
fuel, and good loooking, they have a polished steel top,
duplex coal and wood grates, white enamel oven door,
ruckle-plated base and legs, six 8-inch cooking holes,
heavy reinforced oven with thermometer, etc.
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To Buyers of Printing
rpHE following firms have established the 44-hour week, and
•*• are therefore the only printing offices operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned organization:
Arcade Printers,  Homor  Streot  Arcade Sey. 4833
B. O. Printing ind Lit lio Ltd,, Smythe ind Homer Sts Bey. 3233
Broadway Printers, 819 Broadway East Pair. 203
Cltizon,   The,   1451 Broadway West _ _ Bay.   857
Cowan ft Brookhouse  1129 Howo St Sey-4400-7421
Dunsmuir 1'rtnting, 437 Dunamulr atreet _.  Sey. 1101)
Evans,   CharlfiB   A.,   1676   Kingsway Fair. 780
Kershaw, J. A., 084 Soymour Streot . ..._.--_ Sey. 8674
Mitcholl-Foley,   Ltd.,   129 Hastings  St.  W _ Sey. 9238
North Shore Press, North Vancouver     N. V.   80
Paclfio Printers, 500 Tower Building  Sey. 9592
Pennlo, Jamea, 213 Hastings Street East  „ .....Sey. 8129
Progressive Prlntors,  18 Victoria Drive _ High. 2279
Record Publishing Co., 629 Ponder St. W.  „ Sey. 7808
RogerB Printing Co., 680 Homer Stroet Bey. 6440
Seymour Press, 423 Richards St -  Sey. 8728
Shilvoik Bros., Typesetters, 841 Pender St. W „ Sey.   634
Sliilvock-Jack son, Typefounders, 341 Pender St. W 8ey.   534
Star Printing Co., 812 I'ender St. Went...... Sey. 8608
Sun Publishing Co., 137 Ponder St. Wost - Soy.     40
Timms, A. H.. 230— 14th Avenuo Fair.  1372
Vancouver Job Printers,  737 Ponder St. West Sey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Service, 819 Metropolitan Building....Hoy. 2192
Ward, Lionel ft Co.. Ltd., 818 Homer St  - Sey.   195
Woodruff, E. L. ft Son, 1530 66th Ave. W  Ebtir. 189
Wrlgloy Printing Co., Ltd., 426 Homor 8t Soy. 3825
The undermentioned firms are non-union, instigators or supporters of the "AMERICAN PLAN" in the printing trade in
Vancouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
Biggs,  Anderson, Odium,  Ltd.
J. W. Boyd
Clarko ft   Stuart
Bvans  ft   Hastlnga,  Ltd.
Murphy ft Chapman
Nioholtion, Ltd
0. A. Roodde, Ltd.
Rose, Cowan ft Latta
Uneeda Printers
White  ft   Blndon
Vancouvor Stationora
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[George Bernard ShawJ
(In the London Sunday Chronicle)
rTHE war debt is a complicated business. The war has already been
paid for; wars cannot be fought on
credit. Ready money; thut is, ready
khaki, ready bully beef, ready rifles
and cannons and explosives, above
all, ready lives and limbs, are indispensable; without them there can be
no war. We commandeered the lives
and limbs, the eyes and legs and
arms and all the rest of tho billets
found by the German bullets. We
commandeered somehting more.
Young men had to sacrifice their education and apprenticeships; and older
men who had built up businesses and
professional 'practices had to throw
them into the witch's cauldron of the
war. They were commandeered without compensation or apology.
With the ready money It was different. Take my own case. I did
not give my professional practice, I
did not give an eye, or an arm, or a
leg, much less both eyes, both arms,
both legs. I did not give my life. I
did not give my nerve; I am not
shell-shocked. I did not give my
money; 1 Invested it at five per cent.
I would have invested it at four; but
tho government offered me 1 per cent,
extra for the sake of my beautiful
eyes; and I accepted it. But I did
not quite get lt. The government
stopped about a third of lt for Income
tax, and then had the audacity to
supertax me on the money they hud
not paid me. I raise my hands to
heaven and ask is this, honesty, is
this justice, ls this what I gave 946,
023 of my fellow-subject's lives for,
to say nothing of other people's limbs
and prospects and professions and
businesses innumerable?
Why did I get so little sympathy
for these intolerable wrongs? Why
do people tell me I am jolly lucky to
have enough money to pay supertax?
It is not because I gave nothing;
they are not clever enough to soe
that. It is simply because the others
ure being treated so much worse.
Those who Invested their lives have
cheap graves in Gallipoli or Flanders,
except when they have been so thoroughly blown to smithereens that
there is nothing left to bury. Those
who gave their nerve are in pauper
lunatic asylums, being worse treated
than even thc German prisoners were.
Those who gave their businesses and
practices are begging for any sort of
a job that will keep the bodies and
souls of their families together. The
rest are on thc rates, on the doles, on
the unemployment benefits, on tha
streets, anywhere they can. Some of
them, disgusted and demoralized and
played out by the overstrain of the
terrible four years, are on the loose
permanently. Those who have heen
lucky enough to get on their own feet
again have to supply not only my 6
per cent., but the rates and doles and
pensions as well.   They have to feed
fthe idle before they are allowed to
feed thetr own children. They are
saying that this kind of thing cannot go on.
But lt must go on unless two things
be done. One is to do what should
have been done from the firat; that
is, put the money creditors on the
same footing as limb creditors, the
nerve creditors, the creditors who
gave etheir positions and professions
and prospects and tell them frankly
that if they will not accept that position they will probably be put on the
footing of life creditors and have to
content themselves with a rifle bullet
and an inexpensive grave. They must
sacrifice part of their incomes as the
others have sacrificed part of their
bodies, and part of their means of
earning an Income, And as it would
be unfair to confine this sacrifice to
those who at least lent their money
to the country instead of profiteering
with it, the levy must fall equally on
all capitalists.
* Paris—Under tho Confederation of
French Intellectual Workers, an international Congress of representatives
of intellectual workers organizatins,
has been held here.
There are federations of intellectual
workers in Austria, Bulgaria, Finland,
France, Great Britain, Rumania and
Switzerland, all of which were officially represented at the Paris meeting.
In addition, Canada, Czehcoslovakia,
Denmark, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Persia, Poland, Serbia
and Sweden wero represented by observers.
A permanent international organization was founded. A second congress is to be called in PnriH in Dec,
Melbourne, Australia*—The Australian government does not intend to
abolish the iniquitous' passport system, although passports were only
supposed to operate during the war.
From the reasons given, it seems clear
that the government intends to use
the passport system as part of the official espionage process regarding new
arrivals in Australia.
Melbourne, Australia—Labor members, speaking in parliament, protested against the Australian prime minister going to London to attend an Imperial conference on military, naval
and foreign policy mutters. They stated on behalf of the workers that Australia would not be bound by any decision arrived at by diplomats sitting
behind closed doors in London.
The greatest assistance that Uie
readers of Tlie Federatlonist can render us nt this tbfle, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so you
•qprcad the news of the working clans
movement nnd assist us.
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an Irishman
a Strike in a
' Store
An Interesting story of Jim Larkin,
recently a United States prisoner, and
now in England, was recently published in the Glasgow Forward; the story
reads as follows:
"I remember one incident in Glasgow in which Jim Larkin figured. It
was a strike of shop assistants in a
swel grocery establishment in Union
Street, The strikers were being defeated; blacklegs filled their places;
the police prevented demonstrations
at the shop door; all seemed lost.
'Leave it to me,1 said Larkin, who
happened to be in Glasgow at the
time. 'Tomorrow, Saturday, ls their
busy day. I'll settle the thing tomorrow.' And good as his word, he did
settle it. He turned up with a following of some hundreds of dock laborers. They crowded into the swell establishment. Each man asked for a
farthing's worth of this, that, and the
other thing. It was all perfectly legal
and orderly. The proprietor was
frantic; his regular customers could
not get in to the shop; his sales were
nil, and quickly becoming a wise man
he sent across the street to the Shop
Assistants' organizer to come over
and settle the strike on the spot. And
when the strike was settled, Larkin
marched back his farthing customers
away to the docks, aU in high feather
at a good deed well and skilfully
Local store clerks who are not too
well treated, might well recognize the
power of organization from the above.
Chairman Workers' Party
of America on
[The opinions and ideas expressed
hy correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Who "Spilled the Beans"
Editor B. C. Federationist: Kindly
allow me once more a little space for
some corrections.
I have a lively recollection of the
telephone conversation, und the account in The Federationist of May 4
ls entirely misleading.
I would not accuse even Comrade
Bennett of "boasting" of such a childish trick.
Ho did "spill the beans," however,
notwithstanding the astonishing assertion that he was the whole "i
derground" movement of the "S.-P. of
C." And the method of spilling was
entirely characteristic of him—just as
he spills them when he says ho aaked
i'or and obtained a copy of the original
letter, and had read the proof. What
right the editor had to grant thiB is
something many have asked me.
But I gave it up.
George Haig told hini I had stated
my first letter was not printed as I
wroto it. Comrade Bennett exclaimed
that he had only altered one word.
It now appears that the flrst profound article of this series waa not
dictated by an alleged slight on Rus-
"It was in answer to twelve
montha of calumny and slander."
My scribbled letter, and It was just
that, was written without a copy of
The Federationist on hand, so my memory, not my powers of observation
was at fault. I need not comment on
the method of answering it. But my
memory is still sufficiently strong to
recollect the time when Comrade Bennett was deep in the foot notes of
Slmkovitch, and the sob sisters' meal
ticket, the "Soft Doric," and the daily
raids made on that lone Hart maun article, for obscure letters and scraps
of Engles to confound the Marxists,
which the Pauls did not translate,
But Comrade Bennett's later researches among tho erudite only destroys his hope that, my silliness Is
transient. I am rendered permanent
silly by his proof that the practice of
using words of Marx and Engels without their proper setting, is not confined to the dizzy-headed triflprs who
by somo moral miracle, see in every
plain stntcment their own Idiocy, a
stal) nt Soviet Hussin.
If Itillsack and others would read
the moral of this, let them remember
that Rngels said In his preface to the
"Class Struggles In Franco," thnt both
he nnd Marx "were excommunicated
as traitors to thc revolution hy the
same people who afterwards almost,
without exception, made their peace
with Bismarck, so far as Bismarck
found them worth having."
This because they said the revolu
tlonnry period was closed,
Yours truly,
May 22,  1923.       J,   HARIUXOTON.
[Editor's Note: The editor of this
paper has also a lively recollection of
tho conversation carried on over the
phone, and what appeared in Thi
Fedorationist us to that conversation
was correct, and the word "boasted1
was used. At that time Comrade Harrington was Informed that if there
had heen any tampering with either
his original, or the proofs, soinc
would hoar ahout It, but search showed lhat there had been no tampering,
It. might also be added that In tlir
above letter, Comrade Harrington contradicts himself, because he states thnt
Bennett altered a word, and Informed
Comrade Haig to tlmt effect. Our
readers can Judge as to whether the
report of the phone conversation was
correct or nol by rending our rem.i^s
In a previous Issue, and the above letter and comparing the stalements.
Tliis will he the last on this correspondence, as space Is too valunblc to
wnste on hair-splitting disputes.)
"Russia Today," a Subject
of Interest to All
During the month of July, Vancouver will be visited by two representatives of the great Bepublic to the
south of the 49th parallel.
President Warren Gamaliel Harding, the shining luminary who represents Jn his person all the avaricious
greed for profit, the canting hypocrisy
and the undisguised tigerish brutality
of the American bourgeoisie, will visit
our hospitable shores and probably
display his Intellectual attainments in
a game of that working class pastime,
golf, or entertain the tin-pots of the
local would-be bourgeoisie to a performance at the Hotel Vancouver, of
the American accomplishment of yodelling soup.
The other visitor wHl not play golf;
if he sees the Hotel Vancouver, it will
be from the outside. This is for the
reason that he is thc mouthpiece of
the propertyiess American workers,
not of those who own controlling interests in the machinery of wealth
production. James Cannon is chairman of the "Workers Party of America,
the organized Communist movement
in the United States. He has been
engaged in a lecture tour In the States,
ond will be in Vancouver on July 8.
Comrade Cannon has just recently
returned from Russia, where he wos
for seven months a fraternal delegate
to the executive committee of the
Communist International from the
Workers Party of America.
His speech will deal with Russia today—with the labor unions in Russia,
with reconstruction problems, the Red
army and much more that the workers of all countries are anxious to
know regarding political and economic
developments in the flrst Workers Republic; all from flrst hand observation. It will give the lie to the hard-
boiled, frothy-mouthed, windy "scientific" enemies of the Soviet Power in
Russia. Remember the date, Sunday,
July 8. Watch advertisements in The
Federationist later for the place of
Miners Intimidated by the
Police Backed by
[By J. B. McLachlan, Sec. District 26,
U. M.- W. A.I
The present raids of the executive
officers of the U. M. W. of A., and the
homes of the dlstlrct officers, cnn be
directly traced to the desire of the
British Empire Steel Corporation to
get a full summer's work at the present low wages. Only two methods of
securing peace are known to the officials of Besco; take away those two
methods and they are bankrupt. The
history of the last few months proves
that the methods adopted by the coal
companies are either bribe or baton
'the men into submission.
Early in August last year, when the
miners were on the eve of striking,
Premier Armstrong, for the flrst and
only time in his life, assumed the role
of mediutor. One proposition, and
one only, he received from the men to
present to the coal companies looking
towards a settlement. This proposition he deliberately changed, and
brought back to the representatives of
the men. When he found lhat they
refused to accept the proposition, lie
took the next train back to Halifax,
and organized his Infamous Provincial
police, lt was under-Mho batons of
these police, backed up by fifteen hundred federal troops, that the present
ngreement was signed. Armstrong's
policy is: Either BRIBE or baton them
Into submission.
In March last, the Steel Workers of
Sydney made a demand ou Besco for
a 30 per cent, increase in wages, an
8-hour day and a check-off. The company raised the wages 15 per cent.,
and Armstrong, by sending his Provincial police to Sydney, upheld the policy of bribe or baton them Into submission.
Ten days ago, H. T. McCann, gen
oral superintendent of Besco, offered
fivo cents on, the ton to the shooters
and loaders In the district, provided
that all further struggle for better c
ditions fhould be cut out during the
shipping season, This tho officers
thc U. M, W. refused, stating that the
contract under which the miners were
working, had been crammed down the
throats of the miners, with the bayonets of the Federal troops, and the
batons of Armstrong's police, and any
re-openlng of tho contract would bave
lo involve a revision of all rates of
wages upwards to thc 11121 standard.
That was the bribe ten days ago which
failed, Today Armstrong Is on the Job
with his baton nnd the result Is the
raids on lhe district headquarters, and
tho raids on the homos of the district
The slogan of the Armstrong government since August last year, has
heen: Either bribe or baton them Into
Industrial Workers Recognize Need for Political
3By Tan! Gompei[
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Tokio—Prospects of a Japanese Labor Party for independent political aetion by the organized workers and
farmers are becoming somewhat more
definite. Japanese organized labor is
rapidly abandoning the old time syndicalism and beginning to swing into
the freer field of political movement.
An immediate incentive has been the
interest felt by the workers as the result of the recent victory in the flght
against the so-called dangerous
thoughts bill, They are finding that to
conduct such struggles more effectively, they have to have a political party
of their own.
The difficulties are many. Thc reactionary government of Japan will
probably not tolerate such an attempt
on the part of Its enemy. The Japanese proletariat, with little political
education, might lose the support of
many of the veteran workers of conservative type. There is a danger of
fake labor leaders, petty politicians
and the kind creeping in and, there is
no money. '
There is a larger possibility for a
Farmer-Labor Party than for a pure
workers party. The city workers able
to organize into a political party nre
not yet numerous, while in the country, the tenant farmers und the poorer
independent farmers, can be readily
induced' to organize a party.
Workers to Resist Downward Trend in Wages
and Fascisti
Montetfurado, Spain.—The Spanish
workers are preparing a great battle
throughout Spain. In Barcelona they
are most aggressive. Rare Is fhe day
that a comrade ls not arrested or shot
down in some city. But in a short
while a master pays with hit. life.
These murders take place in any
street of any city, and at all hours.
The people look at the dead and go
their own way, as lf nothing had
The Fascisti movement Is beginning
here. The Spanish proletariat is
ready to flght it.
The organizations here have more'
of the rebel spirit and more solidarity
than in America. They are divided
in opinion and tactics, but -when the
time of danger comes to menace their
organizations they forget their prejudices and flght together.
The Spanish government is putting
through a law to prohibit free speech,
free press and free assemblage,
Here the cost of living is proportionately as high as in America.
The soil is rich but the people are
poor, yet they work night and day,
Boys and girls, 10 years of age, plow
and do a man's work. They get
little to eat, but the lot of the industrial workers and children ls equally
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you Are through with
Economic News Service
[By Leland Olds]
(Federated Press Industrial Editor)
■POREIGN trnde balance turns against
* the United States. In March, we
imported $60,000,000 more of goods
than we exported. This Is the culmination of six months in which exports
from this country have been declining.
What significance have these government figures to Labor? Has the
wage-earner anything more than a
patriotic interest in trade balances'.
A very grave class interest. Continued import balances may bring an
end to the present business revival.
By 1924" the result may appear in
growing unemployment and extra
pressure to reduce wages.
This is the first time that the foreign trade balance has gone against
the United States since the wur began.
It Is the largest adverse balance ever
shown by any month ln history. If
pre-war economic history means anything, this shift means that the present Industrial revival will be short-
Booms Break on Excess Imports
Trade revivals since 1973 may be
roughly grouped in two classes.. Those
In 1875, 1895 and 1909 were sharp and
short. They were introduced by a succession of months showing export bal-
■ 'while the bulk of the imports are raw
materials or semi-manufactured goods.
Since 1880 the percentage of total exports taken up by manufactures has
increased from IB per cent, to 40 per
cent., while foodstuffs and materials
have decreased from 84 per cent, to 54
per cent. This change renders an export balance doubly important in
terms of full employment to American Labor.
Europe's Debt Involved
The matter of developing an export
balanc-i is now complicated by the
eroumous debt which Europe owes to
this country—about $20,000,000,000.
Payment of this debt will mean shipment to this country during the next
generation or two of 20 billion dollars'
worth of goods in excess of goods
which we ship out. Interest payments
will mean additional goods shipped in.
American capitalists will probably
divert these goods to South America
and Asia, to Turkey and Russia, and
other countries as investments. Or
they will be manufactured into machines and exported as investments.
But as these Investments multiply, tho
Interest ami profits received from
abroad will swell thc amount of goods
sent to this country. Only to the extent that the peoplo of this country
can consume this inrushing supply of
ances, but at the height of revival, the goodB p,UH their pi.odut.tB can full em-
country suddenly developed an excess
of Imports. The sharp revival, with
rising prices, created an apparent demand for foreign merchandise. Joined with record production at home,
this quickly created an over-supply.
Profiteers had over-estimated the de-.
mand. This brought industrial revival to a quick end. If import balances continue the present revival is
likely to fall into this short-lived
On the other hand, real periods of
long sustained prosperity In 1879, 1897
nnd 1904 were based on immense expansion of export trade which knew
no import balances.
An increasing percentage of the
country's  exports  are   manufactures,
Arbitrary Action on
Part of Owners of a
Company Town in B.C.
(Continued from page 1)	
ployment be expected.
They will not be able to consume
all these goods. Prosperity In this
country will depend, therefore, on our
capitalists being able to undercut the
British and French and German Interests in foreign trade and investment, and this will demand low wages
at home.
The sudden appearance of an unfavorable trade balance mny well mean
an end to tho present trade revival,
followed by a new shakedown to lower
cost levels iu preparation for the next
revival which will sustain itself on
foreign trade. And this shakedown
will mean lower wages and longer
hours for labor.
The greatest assistance thot the
renders of The Federationist can render ns at this time. Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing eo you
spread the news of the working clans
movement and assist ns.
tluit is—go out of business entirely
—that is what lt amounts to exactly
—till the members or the union there
will bc dlscharegd. I wish to state
thut my Information further says that
there Ih no strike or thtY-Htvncd)
strike, and there ls no lnbor trouble
of any description. It ls simply that
the employers and thc organization of
employera take thc stand that they
will prevent*, so far as they nre able,
lalior from organizing In their particular way.
"Jim" Woodsworth, Labor M.P. for
Centre Winnipeg, who had courage
enough to refuse to load munitions
to be used against Soviet Russia ln
Vancouver, when ho was working on
the waterfront here, also added his
quota to the debate. He urged that
action he tawen to remove this evil
and William Irvine of Calgary, and
others took up tho cudgels on behalf
of the papermakers of Powell River;
hut if the statement of the Minister
of Labor is true, which was to the
effect that It was a provincial matter,
then the matter is one for thc provincial government to solve. Falling
that, the workers themselves must
tako up tho question, and by sending
representatives to the provincial
house, muke such a noise about the
complicity of the. provincial government with the alien capitalistic slave
controllers, that tho stink wliich will
be raised will awnkon the senses of
the workers to the conditions'which
prevail In the Blave pens of the province of British Columbia.
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