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British Columbia Federationist Oct 17, 1924

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BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. 42
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY .MORNING, OCTOBER 17, 1924
5c A COPY
Petition   Presented   by   Citizens
Requesting' Reconsideration
of Mr. Browne's Case
DISCUSSED BY MR. SORLEY
Severe Criticism Is Aimed at Way
Office Staff Had Been
Organized
[By Our Burnaby Correspondent]
AT the regular meeting of the Bur-
„„. iiiiby municipal council, held on
Monday last, a petition was presented
by the citizons of Burnaby requesting
that the council reconsider their decision with regard to granting Mr.
Frank Browne, M.L.A., leave of absence, without pay, to attend the session of the provincial parliament.
Mr. Sorley, of East Burnaby, opened
the discussion and voiced the workers' viewpoint in a most reasonable
and sensible manner, and dealt fully
with the opposition as previously expressed by the reeve, treasurer, and
councillors. Mr. Sorley, along with
ratepayers from the different wards,
ulso referred to the council's gentleman's agreement that Mr. Browne
ahould have his position kept open
for him after this session of parliament should lie decide to give up politics. In spite of thfs gentleman's
agreement tlie council have appointed another accountant in the place of
Mr. Browne, ln referring to this appointment, one of the councillors
(chairman of the,finance committee,
1 believe), who had"helped in selecting the new accountant, stated that
they Had got a Ilrst class man who
was qualified to step into Mr.
Browne's position, practically without', supervision. . Then out spoke
.brave Horatio, the treasurer (or the
goat) and said that it would take at
least a: mohth to. aix weeks to train
the trained- accountant, which is, no
doubt, a" fair estimate,' anil .'.which
■billy shows what business ability and
..ilef^enl knowledge is. possessed'' by
the chairman of tlie finance committee. Another interesting point is
that the new accountant., who will
have to bo trained, lias bcen given
the same salary as Mr. Browne, who
lias had ti> work up to his present
salary by degrees. Consistency, 1
don't.think. Of course, this now appointment can be changed by giving
lbe accountant ;i month's notice and
this Is all the information the reeve
would give, Severe criticism was
aimed at the wuy the olhce staff
had been organized and the reeve ami
treasurer had to admit that no one
had bcen trained to take over Mr.
Browne's duties; and it all points to
the fact, that It had been the intention of the powers that be (at present) that a new man should he appointed in the accountant's place.
Councillor Neville backed by Councillor Enborg put up a strong light
against this victimisation and when
the reeve turned to Councillor Neville
and asked why the Civic Employees
union of Burnaby had not protested
a&ainst the council's action he replied
that they would have been foolish to
do so after the present example oi
discrimination.
The whole question has been an
education to the workers, taxpayers
and voters in Burnaby, and it has
strengthened the hands of the labor
parly. If this is kept a live question,
which it undoubtedly will be, through
the coming municipal election, a few
of the present councilors may find
themsolves on the scrap heap where
they rightly belong, and thoir places
filled with men who understand pres-
, ent-day requirements and conditions
and who will bo prepared to advance
with the times.
Federated Labor Party
EAST BURNABY BRANCH
An open invitation is extended to the Second ANNUAL RALLY, in St. Alban's Hall (corner of
Douglas Road and Edmonds Street), on Friday,
October 24th, at 8 p.m.
CHAIRMAN:   FIIANK BROWNE, Jl. I_. A.
SPEAKERS:
J. S. WOODSWORTH, M. P. Winnipeg Cciilre
v >'ACK HARRINGTON, S. P. ot C.
ARTISTS:
MISS COWIE. MISS HUGGAN, MR. LOVE
MR. COLLIS, MR. HALL, MR. CLUtl*. (Pianist)
■REFRESHMENTS
COLLECTION
FROM THE LABOR GAZETTE
The Resurrection of
Religion in Russia
lBy Mrs. Rose Henderson!
ARTICLE  IV.
DELIGION in Russia is free!
For the lirst time in their history, tlie people can worship or not
as they please. The Greek church
was buried with the 1917 revolution
so deep that even on Resurrection
Day, it cannot rise.
Thc Bolshevists did not kill religion." The corruption within tlie Greek
ehurch was the cause. The Bolshevists buried the concoction labelled religion >by the Greek church.
"Religion in its truest form has been
re.surrected from the hypocrisy and
corrupt materialism into which it had
fallen during the Czar's regime.
The wailing and gniishing of teeth
indulged in by the press ngainst the
Bolshevlsts was because they treated
the Greek church as any other property-owning institution. They confiscated its enormous wealth and returned
it to the people, lt was not righteous
indignation against the "irreligious
Bolshevlsts" who were accused of
destroying "morality," "desecrating
the temples of God" and "destroying
religion" nearly as much as indignation at the "crime" of confiscating
the   "property."
Religion—what lies, what intrig-
ties, whut bloodshed, and persecution
have ben committed In thy nnme. It
mutters not whellier it bo the history
of Italy, Spain, France or the Nortli
of Ireland; the story is the same.
The clonk of religion has served to
cover up political intrigue and economic conquest so long that the mind
of every honest thinker questions and
Comparative Figures for Building
Operations in Canada
This Year
Hums' Fellowship
The opening meeting of Vancouver
, Burns'   Fellowship   Will   be   held ln
I Glencoo   Lodge   on   Monday  evening.
1 Mr. John Machines will contribute a
J paper on "Burns, the Reformer," and
there  will  he the  usual  line musical
I progrnme. The syllabus foi' the whole
winter session of the Fellowship will
he presonted for approval.   All interested  In the poetry nf Robert Burns
will bo welcomo at the meeting1.
Hobgoblin or Little Mliuls
A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adorned by little
statesmen and philosophers and .divines. With consistency a great soul
has simply nothing to do. . . Speak
what you think now In hard words,
and tomorrow thinks in hard words
again, though it contradict everything
you said today.—"Ah, so you shall he
sure to be misunderstood."—Is It so
bad, then, to be misunderstood? Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Bo-
crates, and Luther, and Copernicus,
and Galileo, and Newton, and every
pure and wise spirit that ever took
flesh. To be great is to he misunderstood.
I
Nation Stll| Liven
A state may be annihilated, but not
*a nation; witness the Jews—-they were
once both a state and a nation! The
Jewish state has been destroyed, but
'the nation still livos.
Prices for The B. C. Federatlonist
I ordered ln bundles: Fifty for $2, 100
for $3.60, GOO for (10.   Mailed to any
1 address.
f is skeptical of. the entire system of
organized religion, and accuses the
church of being the 'tool of the rul
ing class," the "handmaiden" of reaction and the "bulwark of the capitalist system."
Whether this be true of other nations or not is beside the question,
lt certainly was true of Russia, and
what the Greek church did not do in
the matter 0f political intrigu, in upholding the Czar's policy of persecution, and in maintaining a system
buttressed on fear, superstition, ignorance and robbery, would take as
much time to recount" us its crimes
against thc people.
The Greek church was the ollleial
slate church of the Czar who was its
recognized head. It was part of the
Czar's imperial governmental machine nud was richly rewarded and
duly honored  for its services to the
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
France
Textile ■'Industry Again Normal—
Resumption of the normal eight-hour
day and the re-openlng of a number
of woollen mills and weaving, spinning und dye plants, which were shut
down from one to two days a week,
bespeak the return to normalcy of the
textile industry in France.
Germany
Investigate Labor Emigration—At
tiie request of employers of skilled
labor, who have complained that expert workers are leaving the country
lo make their homes In the United
States or in South America, thc ministry of labor in Stuttgart is carrying
on nn investigation of the extent of
the emigration of skilled artisans iu
the Stuttgart district.
Tourist Travel Declines—Exorbitant hotel taxes and government fees
are said to bc causing a marked decline In tho tourist trnillc in Wurtten-
bei-g and Baden.
Greece
Armenian Refugees Protest—Several formal protests to the league of
nations have been made by representatives of the 60,000 Armeninn refugees in Greece against anticipated expulsion from the eountry.
Higher Rates to Follow Wage Increase—Following the granting, by
the government, of tho railroad men's
demands for an eight-hour day and
higher wages, it is snld that the transportation companies nre preparing to
ask for higher railroad, trolley and
freight rates.
Poland
Unemployment—The number of,
Poland's unemployed porsons increased steadily from 87,940, on May
10, to 143,667 at the close of July,
1924.
Switzerland
BuiUlng Trades Immigrants—There
are at present 2000 building trades
workers registered In Switzerland,
who hnve left Wurtemhehg and Baden, Germany, during the last few
years.
Sweden
Unemployment—According to tho
monthly report of tho unemployment
commission, thoro woro only 4750
porsons reported unemployed on Aug.
1, 1924, as compared with 5600 on tho
flrBt of July.
state.
It perpetuates a corrupt and ruth
less regime. Their method was to
keep the people in a state of Ignorance, abject economic slavery, fear
and superstition and point thom to
another world ns their only means of
relief.
Ils highest institution, the "holy
synod," was composed of archbishops appointed and dismissed by
the Czar. This institution "was under
the control of a civil afflolal called tho
"Ober Procurator" (tho eye of the
Cznr) who was under tlie command
of the Czar, to be obeyed as laid
down by article I, of the "basic laws
of Russia," "through fear and reverential piety, as commanded by God
Himself." Thus, it will bo seen the
Czar, ' his court of archbishops,
princes and dukes of tiie church,
were on very intlmato terms with
God, and enforced his decree in a
bnptism of blood and steel.
The confessional was the cloak for
an efHclonl.system of spying, the forgiveness of sins an excuse for tlie sifting of conscience, an the betrayal of
confidences.
By imperial Ukase, the- lesser ch
gy, had among nther duties, to "i
port to the government any thing
detrimental to the government,
whicli might be revealed to them
through the confessional," and
these services, tiie church was
warded with lands, money, orders
insignia and the richest gifts in thc
realm.
Religion was never free in Russia.
It was a crime to believe in or have
nnembrslflp in nny tout the Greek
church, Those who dissented were
classed as "heretics" and "criminals"
and were obliged to worship In secret
The Czar's right and thnt of his eccle
slasticnl court was divine. If one o
his subjects dared tn differ from him,
he wns speedily convinced of his error by being exiled, goaled or shot.
t)ne of the flrst acts of the Bolshevists, on attaining power, was lo liberate from Siberia', twenty-two thousand Baptists who were serving life
sentences. Of the Russian Baptists,
two million have dedicated (hem-
elves lo the cause of peace, and are
supporting tiie present governmnt In
every way.
The clergy of other liollefs were
forbidden to preach to or teach
Greek Catholics, the "seduction" of
whom Into unorthodox faiths, was
crime. Even when the convert hnd
changed his religion without "seduct
Ion" the unorthodox church was for
bidden to receive Mm, and tho un
fortunate who hnd thus fallen from
grace, was turned over to the "per
snnsive powers of (he cleric author
Hies."
What "persuasion" by these cor-
hi pi tools of reaction meant may bo
better Imagined than explninod. It if
safe to suppose that fhe "criminal"
chnnged his fnith If not his mind
with  but  little  "persuasion."
After the 1017 revolution, slight
modifications were mado in the laws,
with the result (hat tho Greek church
lost'to Roman Catholicism, no.ooo
persons In one year, nnd to other
sects about f»0,000. From that timo
on, as a privileged institution, the
church consciously fought overy
mensure of progress, nnd true to
form, when lhe 1017 revolution broke
out, wns lined on the side of reaction.
It used Ils wonlth and organization
both inside and outside of Russia with
her enemies, therefore the Bolshev-
(Continued on  page 2)
Figures  for  Greater Vancouver
Exceed Seven Millions—
In Other pities
COMPARATIVE figures'for building
In Canada this year, taken from
the Labor Gazette,, a government
publication, show .hat Vancouver
from the beginning of March until
the end of August, holds third place
in the dominion, exceeded only by
Montreal and Toronto.
The figures also show that the municipality of Point Grey is leading
every municipality fn the dominion,
having a lead over York township, a
suburb of Toronto ahd Westmount,
the principal suburb of Montreal
The figures show that the last two
municipalities mentioned take their
places in the order named.
Point Grey, In addition to leading
every municipality in Canada, holds
flfth place to the principal cities of
the dominion followed closely on tho
city of Quebec, which is fourth.        *
This district has exceeded all its
own former building records and for
the six months period mentioned above
its total was ?2,804,600.
Montreal holds a big lead over the
whole dominion with a total of ?15,-
932,830, with Toronto second with
$12,894,542. Vancouver with. $4,l|92,-
279 takes third place and had a big
lead oyer all other cities in Western
Canada. ',
The municipality of Point. Grey,
which is not. of course, included Jn
Vancouver's, figures, is second among
the four western provinces. AVinnipeg is third in the west with'$2,295,-
950, while Edmonton' is fourth With
$1,965,080.
The figures for Greater Vancouver,
exceed   $7,000,000.
J. S. WOODSWORTH
M. P. for Winnipeg Centre,
WILL ADDRESS THE
Federated Labor'Party Meeting
AT ROYAL THEATRE, 136 Hastings Street East
Sunday, October 19th, 1924
AT 8 p.m.
No worker ean afford to miss hearing- Mr. Woodsworth.
Come early if you want a good scat.    Doors open at 7:30.
Mrs. Lyle Telford is contributing two solos.
Mr. Woodsworth is speaking at Open Forum at First.
Congregational Church at 3 p.m. Sunday. Listen in on your
radio at this time.
THE DOLLAR RULES
Law Under Oapitalism Hade for
the Rich by the Rich for
Revenue
A GUARDIAN OF PROPERTY
Labor Can Govern—
Critics Confounded
John Galsworthy
John Galsworthy looks like a family
lawyer or a high court judge He- is
clean shaven, urbane, genial, but certainly not expansive. His voice is low,
and it is difficult to believe Hint lie
could ever ho violent or provocative or
even excited. He may (ind many
Ibings in life that aro cruel and unjust, but he declines to be angry about
it. There is an entire abpenco of
"aide*-1 (I know no polite term as expressive as this vulgarism) about John
Galsworthy. He Is not effusive, but he
Is modest and gently kindly. He is
precise in his dress, and neatness characterizes his appenrnnce as well as his
writing. T imagine that few people
have ever cnlled Mr. Galsworthy Jack!
—By Sidney Dnrk in Jolm o' London's
Weekly.
Some DliTcronco
ln the huggnge of three immigrants,
German, Russian and Polish, who
were recently detained at Ellis Island,
there was found respectively (1) a
copy of Hauptmanu's latest play, (2)
a novel by Gogol, nnd (3) Paderewskl "Legende No. 2," for pianoforte.
The taste of the last three presidents
of the United States hos been respectively (1) for golf, (2) for Keith vaudeville, nnd (8) for Griffith moving
pictures.—Oeorge Jean Nathan.
An aphorism from Colonel Iteping
ton's "After the War:" "He who lets
us down once, shame on him. Ho
who lets us down twice, shame on us."
If you have nn idea that you think
will benefit I.abor, let us have It.
We'll spread it.
jvioimi Burnaby Brunch of
™ tlio Pi'dd'Hted Utbor iKM'ty
will hold their noxi social and
danco al Gllmore. anil Hustings
hull, on Friday (to-night I7lh
October at H o'clock. A good
programme has been provided.
No tickets have 1)0011 Issued
tills month, but all Interested
air heartily welcome. Last
month nearly '.wo hundred attended. We hope to seo as
many  more ngnin.
MEETINGS ON
VANCOUVER ISLAND
Mrs. Rose Henderson
will kjhmi_ itl following
places]
ihwan — sutimiiu*  ovoning,
October is.
NOItl.U'lKI.I.—Sunday, .1 p.m.
Oct. III.
NANAIMO   (St. John's  Hall)—
Sunday, 8 p.m., Oct. 19.
i.AitYSMiTii—Monday evening,
Oct. SO,
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth
Lubor M. P., will speak nt
NANAIMO.  (Foresters'  Hall) —
Thursday ulghl. Oct, ii:t.
[By H. "W. MassinghamI
\hh of us remember the chorus of
flouts and jeers which started the
first lnbor government on its difficult
path. It could not, we were told, administer. It dared not legislate. Being In a minority, it could not run the
house of commons. Knowing nothing
of foreign affairs, or the empire, it
wns bound to make a hash of its diplomacy, and to get hopelessly wrong
with the dominions. In a word—Air.
Churchill's word—"Labor was unfit to
govern," and the country would have
to go back to the parties which gave
f waste tho industry of generations of
Englishmen, had only sneers for the
new husbandmen. How slow they
were at the plough! What inefficient
hedging and ditching! They even had
the audacity to make use of the old
liberal   steed!
But labor's real trouble arose from
the liberal determination to give it
merely a (|uallfied licence to govern.
"No socialism, or I turn you out."'ran
the Asquith fiat to, Mr. MacDonald and
his colleagues. In effect this was a
tory gesture, not i liberal one, and Us
effect on the future of liberalism—if
liberalism'has a future—will   be   felt
It the "Great War" ai\d the "bloHous   long after the last summer school has
Peace," and provided nearly a million
dead Britishers and two million workless ones, to attest these achievements.
W.ell, these hopes -and fears, these
honest and dishonest critics, • have
been confounded. There has been no
Labor catastrophe, and consequently
no need to recall those public benefactors, .Lord Grey and Mr Lloyd
George, , to the counsels of empire.
On the . contrary, the govern,
mont has succeeded beyond the
expectations, not those - only of
its enemies, but of its friends.
Its diplomacy is s a vision of
light compared with the Georgian
nightmare. Its parliamentary work
lias yielded tlie fullest first session of
our times—far fuller than those of the
two strongest liberal governments i
have known—those of the Gladstone
ministry of 1880 and the "C.B." administration of lOOS. It is a clean and
a decent government—which at least
one of its predecessors was not. Some
of Us detail—such as Its civil and
church patronage—lias been surprisingly well done. It has takon bold and
large decisions, and yet has got on
remarkably well with the civil service. It has made a trip or two—
In form, in tactics, in procedure.
But tbe complete tale of its errors
looks small beside thnt of its predecessors. One of Lord Curzon's
blunders would eat them all up.
Certainly the workmen's parly can
govern.
Tho Itusi- llnit Failed
lt Is not merely in comparison with
the record of Its predecessors, liberal
and conservative, that the government
has done well. Bui, in order to measure 'ts work fairly, it is necessary to
take account of the manner of its
birth. Chosen in a hurry, and to meet
an almost unlocked for emergency of
state, without a majority In parliament, and wilh no lack of able and
maliciou» opponents in the house of
commons, in the press, and In tbe ruling clauses, Labor might well have
contented Itself wilh a brief rehearsal
of its programme and ideals, 11 nil have
gone straight lo the country for a
mandate. Very wisely tlio leader decided to risk a full trial of ils powers.
It came into the worst succession Hint
any Hritish government hns hnd In
meet sinco thc days nfter Waterloo,
Peace was in danger. Our relations
witli Prance were almost desperate.
Unemployment stood at an unprecedented level, nnd tbe linod showed no
signs of abatement. The country's
polloy was suspected nnd even despised; nml every one of its public
lenders bnd been tried and found
wanting. There wns literally nothing
for It but to "try labor."
Hut tbe situation wns extremely
difficult. The liberals were quite willing to put labor In office—In fact no
other course was open to them. But
they were equally delelrmlned to use
the new government ns a stopping
stone to theh- own roturn to power.
For that purpose it was necessary to
discredit it in parliament and lo be-
1111*10 It in thc liberal press, So far
as Mr. Asquith wns concerned, tho
game was played with a certain restraint; and (in foreign policy) even
with a measure of goodwill* Hat Mr.
George has been no bettor thnn a
wrecker; and he hns found useful, if
of lute somewhat unfamiliar, company
in Mr. Mnslcrmnn und Mr. Pringle, To
thoso gent torn otl nothing that labor
did wus good. The man who had
sown the field with    tares   and   laid
•Tlie Manchester Guardian hns
also been conspicuously fnir; nnd a
group of radicals, Including Captain
Bonn, Mr. Knot, Mr. Jowllt, Mr,
Simon, Mr. Kenworthy. Mr. Travel*
yah Thomson, and others, have contributed useful nnd suggestive criticism.
ceased to, sit. But there were some
•100 pnrlamentnry votes behind It;
and Mr. MacDonald lias less than
200.    What  was to be  done?     -,
Flowers of Hope
■rhe labor retort to the liberal-lory
menance wasa wh. one, At home a
policy was sot up, not or so-'lalism, but
of reformism—that is'ip sny of palliatives for the slate "f the'nation, and
for the plight of its ' workers. The
chief instrument of this scheme, the
most rapid in action rand the most
easily availnble,: was the budget,. Mr.
Snowden was ablo to convey to millions of homos the only sensible relief
they hnd felt since the close of the
war. A similar process of "first aid"
was applied lo pensioners and lho tin-j
employed; Unproductive ami military
expenditure wns cut down, and attention was turned—u little tardily it
must be confessed—to the great subject of productive expenditure. Then
enme the scandal of our agriculture—
(Continued on pnge 3)
Trade Unions Fail to Reckon Adequately with Negro
Migrants
[From Christian Century]
Trade unions have, so far, failed to
reckon adequately with thc negro migrant in the northern industrial cities.
Race prejudice runs strong among Ihe
wage-earners and negroes have generally found membership in tiie unions
impossible. Tbe result is lhat the
negro migrant bas been used by
mnny employers who dislike organized labor; and, in one case al leust,
a negro association hns declared war
upou labor unionism. Tbe Union
Trust company of Cleveland lms Issued ti study, made by John B. Aboil,
covering tho negro in (Ifteen Cleveland plants, These fifteen planta nre
typical of seventy-live surveyed. It
is generally charged that Ihe negro
will not work steadily; it was found
tbat his laboj- turnover wus only four
per cent, above the average, and Hint
be was usually given tlie "turn over
jobs," thai is, those no one wanted
and those lowest In the scale, and
Which nny mnn would qui! at first
opportunity lo belter bis position, It
Is chnrged thut tbe negro fails to
qualify for promotion into semiskilled and skilled Jobs, but In fourteen out of fifteen plants, lie wus
found to have done so, and in tlie
fifteenth his fnilure wns set down ns
due to thc prejudice of the other
workers. Where Investigations were
mnde, It was found that the colored
worker was as much Inclined lo save
and buy homes as the foreign worker.
Tho conclusions drawn are that tho
negro will muke good as an Industrinl
worker, quite as well us the European, and thut he is to be preferred
becnuse he knows tho language, that
he will advance ns rapidly as raee
prejudices will permit, and that bo
bas come north to stay. Cleveland
received '(.'1,000 colored Immigrants
Inst yenr alone, and lhe migration
from southern cities is Increasing over
thnt from lhe rural districts of the
lth. The conclusion is that "they
hnve not ns a race, failed tn any class
of work upon yhleh Ihey were given
a fnir trinl." The labor unions would
do woll to extend tbe same principles
of fraternity in work to ihe colored
Wage-earner (boy extend to the white.
Thereby thoy would not only bo con-
stent with tbelr principles but also
avoid mnking tbe negro the favorite
resource of tbe anti-union employer.
Crime Existed Ever Since Onr
Ancestors Emerged from
Savagery
[By Frances WIHbJ
rpHE law is supposed to be vlie guardian of the innocent and the rod
in pickle for the wrong doers. This
impression, however, Is just as much
a myth as many of the other Ideas
doled out to the gullible. The law,
which was made for the rich, by the
rich, Ih the faithful guardian of private property, though public opinion
forcos It to to demand an eye for an
eye occasionally. Who is any the
better, except the lawyers, it would be
hard to say, and how many people,
who, by reason of their wealth and
soeial position manage to evade It,
would be equally impossible to calculate.
The function of the law is not to
reduce crimo, as many suppose. Fear
of punishment hardly ever acts as a
deterrent, for few people stop to
weigh possibilities when driven to
vice and crimo. Tlie function of the
law- is actually to perpetuate evil and
to draw revenue therefrom. _ It is horrible to think that much of our public
money is dirty; that it Is. blood
money; the price of misery and shame
and tears; that It Is payment for vice
and weakness.
The vicious effects of the law are
visible in lawgiver and condemned
alike. The work of many a magistrate and1 police court official could be
performed equally well by a grama-
phone, just so little humanity is left
in these machines of degradation and
.nonsense. Ap for the police, they too
pny the penalty of being' engaged in
brutalizing and unmanly work. And
us for many of those w'ho-nr'e unfortunate enough to come within reach
of the, law, they merely sink lower
and lower Into iniquity, deeper and
deeper intto the mire. For as soon ns
they have offered the sacrifice thut
the law requires—in the shape of a
line—they are- at'liberty to pursue
Iheir calling again',' So that fides
amount to bribes when viewed frofn
one angle.
It. seems hard to realize that wo
] have lo tako all theso facts for
granted, and treat tliem as inevitable,
however terrible they may seem.'Hut
we have to take them for granted; ■■for
they are inevitable under capitalism.
There has been crimo ever since our
ancestors emerged from the junglo
days of savagery to the jungle days of
early civilization, and there will bo
crime ns long as human nature is
cramped nnd repressed; as long ns
the end of human struggle is the almighty dollar and all that the dollar
means.
We cannot blame men and women,
whether they aro the victims of
money-mud delusions or arllficial social dens or thcir own or their fellow
creatures' weaknesses. We can only
blame the system wliich lias been promotive of so much cruelty and op
pression and injustice, ond which
blinds us (o truth. For it is a fact
that, however Christian we may call
our civilization, much of it Is pure
savagery, hypocritically camouflaged.
Sume Christians, such as the lato
bishop of Peterborough huve acknowledged thnt tbe sermon on the
mount Is Impracticable—and certainly
it is poor polities In the light or capitalist tactics—but the majority content themselves with heavlm. n sigh
cf pity over tbe unfortunate victims
of society.
It one believed in the fairy tale of
flic ■'Judgment tiny." one could untloi-
pnte some 'rare doings—a sort of
Alice through the "looking glass experience." Open-eyed surprise would
be written large on the face of mnny
n smug individual; mnny a learned
and privileged Idealist would be condemned as an Intellectual prostitute,
many ,i so-called leader would bo
condemned as a betrayer of the people nml many a monstrosity of lho
so-called upper class would be surprised to bear of the sins of parasitism. The scum of tho enrth on lho
other hand would be comforted for
their miseries and praised for their
Comparative honosly and kindliness,
However, if wo mortals have travelled beyond tbo slago of condemning
personalities, contenting ourselves
witli blaming tiie system which wo
seek to overthrow; If we have outgrown chlldosl hopcn of compensation hereafter, we can nnticlpate no
such climax to the human drama,
We can, however, nnticlpate many
chnnges, particularly in (he department of taw on enrth, which will un
doubtcdly accompany tho chnnge of
system which Is inevitable, for however unpalateable the fact, socialism
is tlie next step in humnn progress,
War I id versa 1
The system of alliances, secret tron-
tiso and gentlemen's agreements not
only failed to nvert wnr, but mado It
universal when it finally enme.—Count
Hnrry Kes-sler, German economist and
diplomat,
Tbe more I think of it, the more I
see lt Is too late to dure to be unhappy.—George Sand. PAGE TWO
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 42 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B.C.
FRIDAY October 17, 1924
Published every Friday by
British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Bmlneis and Editorial Ofllce, 1129 How*. .St.
The policy of The P. C. Federationist Is
•ontrolled by the editorial hoard of the Federated Labor Party of Britiah Columbia.
Subscription Rate; United Statos and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 pel
year, $1.50 for sis months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c por member per
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fRIDAt...... ..October 17,
1924
thought, truo independence and rights
In return for their labor. To me the
cause is .sacred and I want to see the
question of the people's rights and
labor's great alms raised above party
politics; but there Is so much of petty
antagonisms, selfish axe-gi'lnding, distrust and so forth, instead of one
great united action by the worker for
tbe worker. I read somewhere that
all the past is but the beginning of a
beginning* and when 1 recall the early
struggles of those giants in days past,
I pray that their sacrifices and wovk
may nol be frittered away."
There is much for thought in our
correspondent's letter. Now, whon
the tide is running stronger and sulJ'
ler towards .socialism and rights nf
labor, it fs incumbent on us all not t
weaken or dissipate our energies by
one lota. An united front, sinking all
differences, but with one objective;
then tbe evolution will suroly be
quicker and more complete, nnd the
legend of tho results of tlie polls at
forthcoming elections Will make the
hand-writing on the wall—there
keeps.
Wmk-E   na
X and co
LABOR IDEALS
A CORRESPONDENT    who
Wmself "Fabian," sends us a letter,   unfortunately   too   long  and  a
whit too discoursive to  print in Its
entirety.
He claims no country; was born at
Hull, Yorkshire, but has lived as a
working man practically all over the
world, and his letter carries a spirit
of idealism rarely found. "I am not,"
he says, "an I. W. W., nor can I consider myself a communist. I have
quarrelled too often with my trades
union friends over details to be quite
in accord with some of their actions;
but I do feel the aim of life Is to help
the cause of the worker,and to raise
the level of the movement to a higher
plane. The melancholy dean of St.
Paul's (Dean Inge) seems always to
see and feel depression at what is,
and I often incline that way too."
He describes his early recollections
of the great individualists who fought
so hard and bravely for the workers
—Charles Bradlaugh, Holkoake, Mrs.
Besant, Cunningham Grahame and
many others. The great uplift lhat
men like William Morris gave to the
movement, not only for their practical work as leaders and teachers, but
on the spiritual plane, as in the case
of Morris, with hin marvellously
beautiful examples of printing produced at his Kelmscot Press.
He reviews working conditions in
the States and Australia, experiences
in India, and is back again in England, but his thome Is: Are we doing
our best bere in Canada?
''Why," be asks, "in thore auch a
lack of reality In tbe labor movemont
In Canada? Where is tlie concentrated, energetic action that must be put
into every great movement? Suroly,
to all workrs this is the greatest
■movement of all! It in in essence
only by a clean whole-hearted union
of all sorts and conditions of workers
that a front can be maintained, a
fighting front that should, if well directed, overcome all wrongs, even an
they are, working to that end in Britain."
1 "I was," to quote again, "at your
lecture by Mrs. Henderson on Russia.
. . . Her address thrilled me; the
plain str&ight story appealed, because
although the speaker did not mako
capital out of it, there was apparent
in almost every detail described, a
spirit working among those peoplo;
and wo here, Interested in thla great
movement—tlie people coming into
their rightful own—should gain Inspiration from the great task the
Russian people are grappling with."
The ideals and the spirit for the uplift or labor is so apparent, and in the
concluding paragraph he says: "I
wish that I were young enough to
help by action In directions I can
visualize, I know, you know, all peoples know that while the death, grip
of capitalism is all powerful as 1/ lil
today, there can be no hope for men.
women and little children having tlie
alt-em), racing     freedom     of     action,
DENMARK AND THE PEACl't
MOVEMENT
nation that has the faith
and courage to flrst resign its
arms will win a big place for Itself in
history, and will be safest from attack."   Thus spake Kier Hardie!
Then to Denmark, as the pioneer In
any practical movement towards this
end, be all praise. Lauriut Rasmus-
sen, the socialist minister of defence,
introduces a bill of disarmament
which will, if it becomes the law of
the land, constitute that country the
flrst to rely for defence on the public
opinion of the world. In an interview
somo few weeks since, he said: "Far
better to trust public opinion. . . .
Armaments are no ae^urlty. Honor
and prestige are a matter of character and conduct, not armaments."
The bill is comprehensive in every
detail. Conscription is to be abolished
and, in place of a standing army,
frontier police will be recruited. Fortresses will be dismantled; dockyards
and armament factories will be
turned Into state institutions to supply necessaries for commerce. The
navy will consist of coast patrol boats,
the aeroplane service for inspection
purposes only.
That's all;, a very few words express the scheme and If the bill goes
through, as lt has every possibility of
doing—what a landmark In' the
world's history will be recorded. An
industrious, careful, sane people will
have their freedom in.every way to
devote, their lives to-peaceful pursuits,
with no crushing overhead expenses
to nullify their efforts.
Even though this flne determined
leader of socialism may not at onoe
bring this great thing to pass, it will
surely come. He is certain of fullest
support in the lower house, but fears
the usual opposition of the upper
house and the professional military
clique.
And so, Denmark, good luck, and
lots of power to your elbow, Laurlta
Rasmussen!
The Resurrection of
Religion in Russia
(Continued from page 1)
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this office from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under .the above heading. Communications addressed to
Notes and Queries Edftor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
-Ed.l
Father Darnier (Nanalmo), asks for
the title of a pamphlet by Jack Lon
don which deals with competitive
trading, illustrated by an analysis of
the actual requirements of a town of
i certain population as to clothing,
food, etc., necessary for a year; the
number of days work to produce
these. Can one of our readers give
us tbis information? j
Perplexed (Vancouver): Tho true
story of the Georgia business will
have lhe full light of day very shortly, and will, we are sure, clear up
your present feelings on the situation.
Reformer (New Westminster) s Wat
Tyler, or wat the tiler, was one of the
most important of the oarly agitators
for reform far back In the fourteenth
century. His rebellion will be dealt
With in an early Issue of The Fedorationist.
Fabian (Vancouver): Thanks for
your letter; regret il was too long to
print in full. An editorial quoting
from it apears In this issue.
<;itir
INS   MINSTRELS
COMING TO ORPHEUM
Sum Griffin's original Premier Minstrels, embracing thirty of America's
all white minstrel stars, appears at
the Orpheum theatre for three nights
aud matinee ou Wednesday, beginning Monday Oct. UOth. This company
is said to be the greatest aggregation
Of minstrel stars on tour In America.
The comedians are header! by the
veteran minstrel "Happy" lien way,
wbo is recognized as tbe greatest
minstrel man who ever used burnt
cork. A selected company of brilliant
singers, solo dancers, musical nnd
specially artists, provide a continuous whirl of fun. A big street parade
nl noon each day and a band concert
nl of the theatre before each
mance, in approved style Is a
e of Ihis engagement. Popular
should pack the-Orpheum the
In fn
porfo
featu
price;
first tin
lu tho
this seai
•(>  days
next
el   sib
ek.
This
tou
necessary
and know
thai
how
one    should
to   dream
ists were obliged to do what other
governments have done and would
do under the circumstances. It' bishops or priests in Britain or America
preaehed sedition from tlieir pulpits,
and advocated rebellion an assassination, the hangman's rope would replace their round collar, and tlie convict's suit,  their  clerical garb.
Tlie clergy were forced to obey the
law, many were goaled, and after
due trial, one was shot. To-day the
whole church and clergy are discredited and their influence neglig-
able, a retribution entirely of its own
making.
It was said In Russia lhat the life of
the hierarchy was a national scandal
and that every monk was a Rasputin.
Tiklion the Patriarch's confession
Will somewhat bear out that assertion. "Duty lo conscience as a priest
impels me to make this statement."
"Educated in monarchist surroundings, an dwelling in anti-Soviet
groups I really opposed the Soviet
government and my animosity manifested itself in overt acts which except for a few inaccuracies are truthfully stated in the act of accusation
before tbe superior court. Recognizing the justice of the court in making
me responsible, I did in reality adopt
a hostile attitude towards the government, for example, in connection
with the Brest peace, the anathema
in 1918, and my appeal against the
decree for the partial sequestration
of church ornaments and plate, for
the famine fund to feed the starving
children. I repent all these misdemeanors. Henceforth I shall not be an
enemy of Soviet Russia. I Anally and
definitely renounce all connections
with foreign and domestic White
Guards, and all enemies of Russia.
—Blavin (Tlkhon's civil name).
It would make a long chapter to
set out half the numberless barbarities, the Infamous and autocratic pol--
Iticus of repression which were
countenanced and supported even in
this century by the ecclesiastical
hierarchy. Think of the long bloody
trail to the penal settlements of Siberia, of the indescribable tortures in
the goals, of the political Inquisition,
of the f economic slavery, of the
wholesale murders of the people, of
the sufferings of women and children during which the church was
silent, or worse, deliberately plotting
and aiding In these persecutions and
horrors.
Had the Greek church stood by
the people ln their struggle for education, for a higher standard of home
life and to rescue their children from
poverty, Instead of always being on
the side of their oppressors, ihe people would not have turned aside from
the church in 1917. The Soviet gov
ernment has not only decreed a new
Magna Carta for political and industrial administration, but for religion
also.
Just as the Bolshevists swept away
every obstacle in the path of Woman's
emancipation and the rights of childhood, so have they set religion free—
free from the domination of politi-.
clans, industrial magnates, bankers
and liquor interests, a state of affairs
which unfortuntely does not obtain in
many Christian lands.
Roger Babson, speaking for big
business, said; "We now control the
press, pulpit and school," a fact no
doubt responsible for the unfrocking
of ministers who dared preach the
social gospel of Christ. It Is also
state on good authority that the
bench of bishops in the house of
lords in England votes almost unanimously for the liquor and industrial
interests. Can religion therefore lay
claim to freedom in view of these
facts?
As a result of religious freedom in
Russia, a new church called the "Living Church." has been born. The
leaders of the "Living Church," as
distinct from the leaders of the dead
church, believe that religion, ethics,
an Institutions must chango Iheir
form as the human mind evolves to
higher intellectual conceptions of
life, and tbat instead of the church
controlling tlie mind of the people,
and molding it to lit its conceptions
of right and wrong, the people must
lie free to mold religion to express
their ideals In conformity with the
needs of tlie changing social order.
To this the soviet government offers
no opposition. Institutions for strictly
religious purposes are open as usual.
Priests perform mass, c.iolra sing
most wonderful hymns of prni.se, and
tbe cathedrals have fairly good congregations. All sects celebrate their
own feast days at thaii own expense;
tbe Jews, for the flrst time participating in nil civil and government nativities, have absolute religious freedom, and the Angolas ping, out 09 before.
The government is nom sectarian,
but not antl-rellglous. Quakers, .Methodists and Baptists have already
great religious movements, and the
field is open to all. so long ns they do
pot interfere with political matters.
The teaching oT religion Js forbidden
in schools, nnd as a result of the disestablishment of church and state,
and the abolition ot czardom, there
was a saving of fifty million dollars,
last year, a goodly portion nf which I
went for educational purposes.
The government of Russia has been
referred to as "atheistic." That
there are thousands In Russia who
are bitterly opposed to organized religion is only to be expected, and only
too true, but because there nre thousands who refuse to enter churches,
and who scoff at supernatural religion, Is this any proof that the poople
of Russia are Irreligious and tlie government atheistic? Supposing we
were aide lo gel together hi the
United Slates or Cannda,. all thoso
who frankly avow tbey have "no
use for religion as tauiiht anti practised today, those whe'avow rationalism, aelheism, monotheism, ngnostld-
For Firemen, Policemen and City
Hall Employees After Long
Years of Service
OITY IS NOW PAYING $12,000
LETTERS TO
D
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
■Council Not Over-enthusiastic in
Regard to Matter—Ratepayers Against
[By Fairplay]
HpllK firemen, policemen and city
hail omployees of this city are en-
edavoring to secure pension;: for their
members who have served the city
faithfully for a long number of years
and who are no longer able to function in their respective positions.
This is as much a necessity for the
city as it is for tlio employees, as the
longer the mutter is delayed, the
harder will it be lor the city to provide for the old men wbo are ready
now to be pensioned off; for it is not
to be considered likely that any city
council would dismiss old faithful
servants summarily without any consideration as to their future. As a
matter of fact it is costing the city
now about $12,000 per annum to
pension off a few old employees.
While a pension scheme would improve the efflcinecy of the different
departments, it would at the" same
time be good business for the city, as
It would relieve the congestion of
highly-paid officials which we hear
so much about.
Pension schemes for i'.remen and
policemen are in force in most of the
cities of the United States and Canada. The payments from the men
average 2_ per cent of their wages
with half pay afted 25 years' service.
The city hall employees are asking
for the provincial scheme, which
means that the employees pay ln four
per cent of their wages with the city
paying ln a like amount, the employees receiving dollar for dollar of the
total amount paid in, the provincial
government operating the scheme free
of charge.
The firemen and policemen believe
they are in a different category from
offlcemen In regard to working conditions, and are asking for a more
liberal scheme, the policemen asking
for 1100 per month and the firemen
$76 per month,'with every member
paying in the same amount—four per
cent, of the wages of a fireman or
policeman—and everybody receiving
the same pension. In some cities, it
has been found that the highly-paid
officers, pensioned off on half-pay,
eat up too much of the fund.
The present city council are not
over enthusiastic' in regard to the
matter, ae lt Is gbtting top near election time,, and they do not want to
commit themselveB to anything that
will raise the tax levy on property.
Conditions, however, will of necessity
force the council to take action soon-
or later. The service organizations of the city are behind the firemen and policemen in thoir proposi-:
Hon, while, of course, the ratepayers'
associations are against it.
To the average worker, who is not
even sure of a steady job, this proposition does not look as if it would
meaterially assist him, nevertheless,
lt will be much easier for him to get
legislation along this line If some
section of the working class has been
able to secure something in this direction (take for example, Great Britain), as undoubtedly the raising (or
lowering) of the standard of living of
some part of the workers in like
manner uffects the remainder. This
does not mean, however, that any
concession which any particular section has bcen able to secure Is a
burden on the working class as a
whole. Ottawa has been "heard
from" lately in regard to granting
pensions for the people.
This proposition should receive the
support of the entire working class,
notwithstanding the fact, that the
section which would lie affected
thereby is used more particularly
than others in' protecting the property
of vested capital. Pensions, in any
event, are only a reform and will not
(can not) stop poverty, and the time
must come when the worker, who has
served the community faithfully and
well, shall receive his Just dues
which are the fruits of the full product of his lahor, and the matter of
pensions will be but ancient history.
Pros aud Amis on Vaccination
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have
read witli interest yours "Pros and
Antis debate Vaccination," the more
so that I have treated this question
some years ago in a free lance paper
I was publishing. I have also published in pamphlot form a report
of Dr, Ruatu's case which lias had a
world-wide notoriety. Although it is
French, I am sending you a copy under scpeiale cover, in the hope that
ft may he interesting to tlio writer
opposed to vaccination.
RAOUL RENAULT
Quebec,  P.Q.,  October  It,   1|IM.
As to  Pensions
Editor B. C. Federationist: In days
gono by we have noticed that different councils of our fair city have
been disposed to give nut pensions to
men who have boen in the servico of
the city for a considerable number
of years, and, have become iu their
opinion, too old to give the full
amount of work required, for the
wages received.
These men from the statement Issued, have had steady work at a far
better Wage than the average laborer
in the city, and, therefore, should
not require any assistance or charity
that the council has been so disposed
to give them. And likewise the present of an extra thousand to an already extremely large salary.
If the counsll feel that something
must be done with the money they
have for "pensions" let them give it
to the cripples and blind of the city
who, both old and young, have to get
out and earn what they can to keep
their life going at different occupations such as making brooms. How
many of the councils of former days
have noticed a blind man being led
to work at 7 and 7.30 a.m. How
many ever stop to think that they
have to pay these boys who lead
them out of the little they earn making brooms for others to make a proflt
off.
If the city or government officials
feel that they have pensions to pass
out, let them pass out to those wh°
really need it and not tb a man who,
when pensioned off by the city, gets
another job and by so doing Is receiving a double salary.
If the employees of the city or gov
ernment think they need pensions, let
them pay for them themselves by
their own contributions and not take
lt out of the already overburdened
tax payer. By so doing they make
themselves independent of what anyone thinks or says and also they
would allow'the money uied at present to be spent in a much more fitting, and no doubt beneficial way,
JOHN FL*BTC*HER
Vancoupyer, B. C, Oct. IE, 1924.
[Note.—We publish this letter in
the hopes that the advocates of pensions may have an opportunity to
reply. We are far from being in
agreement with the writer of the
lotto*.—Ed.]
Mirth and Melody nt Orpheum
A real feast of mirth, melody and
art awaits Orpheum vaudeville patrons In the new bill opening Thursday matinee. Bob and Gale Sherwood, with their entertainers comprising a bevy of charming girls and
boys combined for melody, will offer
one of the brightest musical acts of
tlio season. Then, those really comical fellows Val. and Ernie Stanton.
"The English Boys from America,"
originators of "Cut Yourself a Piece
of Cake)" and other trite sayings
which took popular fancy, are second
headliners. They have just returned
from leading English theatres and
have an act that is a veritable laugh
riot. Harry Holman, remembered
everywhere as the original "Hard
Boiled Hampton," brings his 1925
version of that great comedy sketch,
and he likewise Will contribute to
the week's merriment. Craig Camp-
boll, distinguished American tenor,
assisted by Allan Stuart; .lolinsoii
and Baker in tbeir famous "hat jug-
glory;" Mooro and Freed with a musical novelty that knocks all competitors off the Christmas tree, and a
special surprise act, are other features of this great bill which Is suro
to please everybody because of Its
vehsatilily and sheer entertaining
value.
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of Tlio Federatlonist
ean render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It
Sidelights on a Great
Industry
Store OpenB at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Extra Coat Values
Downstairs  Shop
At $27.50
Models of brown, castor,
green   or   black   zibeline
with fur collars and cuffs
-$27.50.
New Wool Duvetyn Coats
with self or fur collars, are
in brown, taupe or tan—
$27.50.
Very smart Coats of a fine
quality    cut    zibeline,
straight-liiie   effect   with
throw-over scarf, in brown
or grey, at $27.50.
—Drysdido'B Downstairs Shop for
Lower Priced Merchandise
575 GRANVILLE STREET
Phone Seymour 35-10
int,,.   HI   «   HMn HIIHH,,!   |   |   |i|,„
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render ua at this time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so yoa
spread the news of the working claM
movement and assist ub.
ism und all the other isms opposed to
churohanlty, what a shook might not
be in store for church-goers and pul-
pitet^TS? IJut would it be just or reasonable to say that thc Canadian or
Ameriean people were "Irreligious"
and tbe "government atheistic," beeause of thin demonstration of 'dis
we na ions 7 It is Just possible that if
our ministers and churches were free,
as they are in Russia, from the domination of eommerclallsm, many of
those now outside would flnd their
way Inside the church.'
The "Living Church" in Russia Js
not founded on fear and superstition.
For the real fight was between me-
diievallsm and 20th century scientific thought. Not having a directorate
of Industrial magnates, brewers, bankers and landowners, It Is free to
teach a religion—not of hate and
strife—but of service and peace; not
to look for happiness ln another
world, but to make a heaven on earth
here and now—as commanded by
Christ—not n nationalistic, imperialistic, individualistic conception of
life and duty, but an international,
social gospel of brotherhood founded
on justice to and co-operation with,
all mankind. The Living Church accepts life In its fullest, embraces nci-
ence and seeks to spread knowledge;
to liberate Hie poople from Ignorance
and poverty, the foes of mankind the
world over.
Feeble-minded Children
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: In reply
to the letter re feeble-minded child
ren, I would like to say that I agree
entirely with the irony of the writer.
The present system which treats poverty and the results of poverty as
crimes will hardly bear thinking
about. I do not think Dr. Spier
meant that the child should be left to
die of hunger. I think he meant
that "freedom from medical attention" would bring about Its death.
As one who has had some oppor
tunlty of studying children und observing certain feeble-minded types
in institutions, I would agree that It
is better to let those who are really
abnormal die. As frtr as they themselves are concerned, their limited
conception of life and their stunted
mentality are no causes of unhappl-
ness, for they never miss what they
have never known. But there is, no
doubt, that they are often the victims
of cruelty and exploitation of the
most heartless kind. And they are
a menance to society biologically, for
the system which has producod them
gives them a minimum amount of
care.
According to modern educational
standards, muny of us can be classed
as sub-normals, simply because we
find It impossible to adapt ourselves
to the oducJitlonal machine, the chief
function of wblch is to turn out
efilctent, obedient. unquestioning
wage-slaves, rather than to permit
freedom of development. I think, in
tbe long run. one can put more faith
in the educational "failures" than in
the brilliant well-crammed specimen!).
In conclusion, I think it is obvious
that no reform within education or
the medical profession or the criminal laws, will be very effective. We
want a change—a complete change
of system, for the sins of capitalism
are Incalculable. Capitalists only
think in terms of dollars. The horrors that have recently taken place
In Germany under French occupation
and the unspeakable misery thnt exists in the name of the league of nations, and "spheres of influence" are
the latest examples. We cannot hope
for a mltigntlon of these evils as long
as the people are willing to be ruled,
body and soul, by a clique of bankers. SCHOOL TEACHER
Vancouver, B.C., Oct. 16, 1924.
1HEMIIU
PREMIER INDUSTRY
pVERY day and in every way the
■*-* unique properties of Pacinc Coast
woods are becoming better known in
the world's lumber markets.
The depletion of other sources of
supply is attracting attention to the
last softwood stand of the American
continent, from which big timbers are
available, namely: the Douglas Fir
area of the States of Washington and
Oregon and the Province of British
Columbia.
These forest regions contain the
world's sole supply of Douglas Fir,
Red Cedar, Western Hemlock and
Larch and the Western Spruces, and
the timberlands of Britiah Columbia
are at once the Province's greatest
asset and its principal source of
revenue.
During the last few years millions
upon millions of dollars have been invested in the standing timber of
Washington and Oregon by wise investors, who recognize its full maturity and the superior chances it offers
for regeneration.
One after another we hear of erection of huge up-to-the-minute sawmills turning out millions of feet of
lumber dally, and employing thousands of men, many of them, alas, deserters from pur own industrial ranks.
On the other hand, there has been
a halt to investments in British Columbia timber of equal value and
maturity to any in existence, and no
great addition has been made to the
plant capacity of the Province, most
of the recent additions being replacements of enlargements of old-time
mills.
Every possible inducement must be
given to new capital to put fresh life
in the British Columbia lumber Industry to encourage it to seek bigger
markets for an increased output and
to keep its skilled workers in the
country.
Undoubtedly the main cause of tho
present stagnation and the principal
obstacle to expansion is the Timber
Royalties Act of 1914, which attempts
to govern present conditions with prewar practice, and which has developed
from nn economic experiment Into a
menace to all Industrial effort.
With its repeal will come a new era
for British Columbia's premier industry,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Phon Seymour 2361
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
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 TA-tOOPTB-t, B. O. *
Bird, Macdonald & Go.
MBBIHMM, SOIJOITOM. JTO.
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sit limn it. w. v___ooun».». o.
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of Pan Apple Older dutat th*
last few years?
Va _u_l ti. dMlrta •! snaay elleans,
wa tare latM-Mti mmbU, a ante tli-u
ip-fkHiC appfo eliet tt plat bottlu,
«ltk*r pan i*Mt of foToramoat ronl*
tlon 2ft -ord opplo eUat. T_w *£*•
■ro abMhtolr part eti froo frop aU
oai-Oale aelA_jtea or ~u	
Writo <
r  Pi
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1080 yoar orior
aar aataro.
today, • Hlfklul IQQ
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The new reduced Night
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p.m.
Ask tiie rate clerk for
particulars
B. 0. TELEPHOKE OOMPAST.
This series  or  articles  conimiiiil-
eated   by  tlie  Tliulier   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Otorfla Stntt
Bnnd»]r lerrlcM, 11 am. snd 7l80 p.m.f-
Sunday ichool immediately following
morning aervice. Wedneaday teatimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
001-908 Birks Bldg.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 Ji   CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Hand   The   Federatlonist   to   your
shopmate when you are through with
It.
"Famous" Prices Are Lower
on Ladies' Apparel
JUST look around for yourself. You'll
flnd that, qunlity tor qunlity, tho "famous" can (five you Nuli-ihintiully moro
por dollar on your now cont or dress. It's
because of onr direct Boiling policy—
"From Mnkcr Io Wearer"—nnd becnuso
o( our tremendous volume of snlos, enabling us to sell at a minimum profit mar-
Kin.    You can't go wrong in buying at
'(Famous."
Famous PS,
019*623 H.stlngs Strut Wost
BANKING SERVICE
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of thc banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
UM»*NK
Established 59 Years
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &   &
J_jVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work " you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires going with plenty of good
fuel-food-BREAD.
BREAD IS YOUR BEST FOOD
EAT MORE OF IT
1 HAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo. fRIDAT October 17, 1924
SIXTEENTH YEAS.    No. 42  BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B. c.
PAGE. THREE
A Monument to
the Boll Weevil
COME fow years ago the cotton-grow-
ers of one of tho Southern States
wcro very hard hit by tho ravages ot
tho boll woevil. They turned their attention to mixed farming, which
provod such a success they erected a
monument to the boil woevil.
Some few yeara ago Leckie's refused tc sell us any moro Leckio boots.
We started to buy onr shoos elsewhere, and we havo had snch success
that wc begin to think in sheer gratitude we ought to erect a monument to
Leckie.
October 21st sees us 14 years in
business.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STBEET
Between 7th and 8th avenues
Phono, Fairmont 14
Organic Evolution
THE  VANCOUVER  GENERAL   HOSPITAL
TENDEBS FOB HAULING
rpENDERS will be received by the under-
■*• signed u|> till Wednesday, October 22,
1924, at 5 p.m., for hauling coal and other
supplies for tho use of the above institution.
Form of tender and other information may bo
securod on application.
(Signed) GEO. HADDON,
Business Superintendent.
ARTICLE  XII.
R.   S.   C,
CITY AND  DISTBIOT  OF
NORTH VANCOUVER
Notice to Contractors
TENDERS WANTED
For Reinforced Concrete Flooring and Reinforced Concrete Approaches for tbe Steel
Highway Bridge Over Lynn Oreek on Cotton Road, North Vtncouver.
SEALED TENDERS marked "Tender for
Flooring," "Tender for .Easterly Approach" and "Tender for Westerly Approach" respectively will be received by K*
P, Archibald, City Cleric, at the City HaU,
North Vancouver, up to & o'clock in the
afternoon of Honday, October 90, 1924, for
the supplying of plant, equipment, labor anH
materials for the construction of a reinforced
concrete flooring for roadway and sidewalk
on the ateel highway bridge over Lynn Greek,
on Cotton Road, North .Vancouver, and the
construction o.t the Westerly and Easterly approaches thereto respectively, according to
plane, specifications and general conditions
prepared by G. S. Hanes, City Engineer, and
now on flle In tbe offlce of the City Engineer,
City Hall, North Vanconver, where said plane,
specifications and general conditions may he
obtained on and after Thursday, October 9,
1934, upon payment of the sum of Ten Dol
lan (IIO.OO), which amount will be refunded
when the plans are returned.
Eaeh tender for the flooring and two ap-
Eroaches respectively must be accompanied
y an accepted batik cheque on a chartered
bank of Canada, made payable to the .City
Treasurer, City of North Vanco^veje, for the
sum of five hundred dollaVs (g500.,0O). which
shall be forfeited by the successful tenderer
If he declines to .enter lato. a contract when
called npon to'do'so. The cheques of unsuccessful tenderers will be returned to them on
the eiecutlon of the contract*. ;. V
Tendera Hiust be made out on forms supplied and shall be signed with the actual
signature of the tenderer.       -'
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
«-■_->- ----GEORGE HANES,
City Engineer.
Engineer in charge for the City
and District of North Vancouver.
City Hall, North Vancouver, B. C,
October 7, 1924.
Vancouver Unions
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
HeeU seeond Honday In the month.    Preeldent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Noel*
' , P. 0. Boi 68,
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
819 Pender St. West—Business meetings
erery Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
ohalrman; E. H. Morrison, seo.-treea.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1103 Parker Street. Vanconver.
B, C, corresponding seeretary.
Any district In British Colombia desiring
Information re securing speakers or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate
with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
534 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. -tl***
phone Seymour 1332. or Falnnont 4988.
BAKERY  SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—MeeU
second Thursday every month  In Holdon
Building.   President, J. Brlgbtwell; finanoial
secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenne
East.	
INTERNATIONAL     BROTHERHOOD     OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help'
I era of America, Local 194—Meetings first
[ and third Mondays in each month in Holden
Building. President, P. Willis; socretary, A.
Fraser. Offlce houra, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
p.m.
0IV10   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   first
and third Fridays In eaeh month, at 445
Richards   Street.    Preeldent,   David  Cuthlll,
2859 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets- every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
808 Holdon Bldg. President, Charles Price;
bnsiness agent and financial secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn,	
1 MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets In
J, G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
f second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. C.
If Miller, 991 Nolson Slreet; secretory, E. A.
I Jamieson, 991 Nelson Streot; financial secre*
tary,  W.  E. Williams, 991   Nelaon   Street;
organiser, V. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Stroet,
[By Charles Hill-Tout, F.
F. R. A. I., etc.]
(Alt Rights Reserved)
TN our consideration in former Articles of the lower cryptogamic
plants known collectively as the
Thallophyta we found abundant evidence of an evolutionary process in
nature. Tiie wide differences found
among these plants; their graduated
advances Jn complexity of structure;
and their increasing cellular differentiation resulting finally in a division of labor among the ceils and in
the appearance of distinct sex-characters, sex-organs and sex-forms,
wero seen to be wholly without rational explanation unless regarded as
the outcome of an active evolutionary law.
A consideration of the higher
cryptogams, which constitute the
next t\yo great subdivisions of the
vegetable world—the Bryophyta and
the Pteridophyta—more familarily
known to us as the mosses, liverworts and ferns, would lead us to exactly the same conclusion, could we
treat them with the same detail. But
space will not permit of this. It
must suffice to say here that the evidence to be drawn from these higher
plant forms reinforces strongly that
offered by the Thallophyta. And just
as these latter ascend by numberless,
transitions and pass into the more
complex, vascular mosses and ferns,
so do the higher cryptogams grow
more and more complex until they
reach and pass into the highest sub-
kingdom of the vegetable world—thc
Spermophyta—which Includes all the
higher flowering and true seed-bearing plants.
No one can study the plant world
with open mind and a desire for the
truth and follow the many transitional stages by which the simplest
unicellular thallophyte ascends step
hy step to the more complex multi
cellular forms; until between them
and the lowest of the mosses no es
aentlal differences in their structural
characters can be found; and from
these again through the ferns to the
flowering and seed-bearing plants,
and doubt the evolutionary doctrine
or the genetic relationships which ex-l
1st between these four great sub-divi-'
sions of the vegetable kingdom.
We may not always be able to
point out the actual course they have
followed or put pur linger upon all
the Intermediate steps they have
taken. The differentiations of these
sub-kingdoms one from the other
took place too long ago for every detail of their evolutionary history to
be known; but no botanist today
doubts for a moment their genetic relationships or that the higher plant
forms are evolutionary developments
of the lower. Every year new fossil
forms are being brought to light
'which supply us with missing links Jn
the evolutionary chain and lessen the
gaps which now appear to separate
one sub-kingdom from another. As
our knowledge of Palreobotany,
fossil plant forms increases, the lines
of the descent of the various phyla,
classes and orders of plants, and their
inter-relationships become clearer
and clearer to us; and the day may
not be far distant when botanists will
bo able to show us the very steps and
stages by which the four sub-king
doms became differentiated the one
from the other. The very considerable advances made in this direction
In late years (give us warrant for holding such an  opinion.
We may now leave the plant world,
and outer upon our consideration of
the nnlmn.1 world. In doing this, It is
important to recall what was said in
Articles VII. and VIII. with respect
to tlie fundamental unity of the life-
realm, and the absence of any hard
and fast line of demarcation between
the Protophyta and tho Protozoa—
the earliest and simplest of tlie plants
nnd animals known to us.
Nothing brings tliis out more clear
Iy than the systematized lists, or clus
slflcations of life-forms, constructed
by tlie botanist on the one hand, und
by the zoologist on the other. We
flnd that certain of theso lowly or
ganisms arc claimed by both alike.
In the eyes of the one, they are plants
and are placed by him among the
Protophyta. From the point of .view
of the other, they are animals and
are accordingly classed by him with
tho Protozoa.
['FEDERATED  SKAFA it FIRS'   UNION  OF B.
0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
i1 Friday of each month at headquartera, 818
Cordova Street West. President, D. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
treaiurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor
dova Street West. Branch agent's address:
Georgo Faulkner, 576 Johnson Btreet, Vie*
torin, B. C. 	
•HE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meets at 991 Nelaon Street, at 11
I a-m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
JUay of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
l?091 Nelson Stroet; Secretary, E. A. Jamie-
I mm. 991 Nelaon Street; Business Agent, F-
T Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 328—President, R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president. J.
,M. Bryan: secretary-treasurer, R. H, Neelands, P. 0. Box 66. Meets laat Sunday of
\each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Balldinf, 10
Hastlnga Street East.	
1PRINCE       RUPERT      TYP© GRAPHICAL
UNION,  No." 418—President,
.   S.  D.  Mac
donald. secretary-treasurer, J, M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Meets last Thursday of eaeh
month. ^^■n_______________________i__i^^^i ii
NEW YORK FUR CO.
Llmit.d
Lurgost Exclusive in: HOUSE In
tho West
552-1 nnil 721 Georgia Stroot West
Seymour   0276*9326
Three-quarters of a ton of Premier
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goes aa far as one ton of ordinary coal.
TRIAL ORDER
15 sacks Lump $9.50
15 sacks Nut $9.00
J. D. McNEILL CO.
221 ABBOTT STItEET.     Soy. 4288
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
OUIt CIRCULATION IS
INOHEASING
GET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
CANADA  nnd Ll.
| Union MusiciansEmplqyed Exclusively '$
LEND YOUH PATHOXAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Among- the higher forms of life it
la ot course easy to distinguish between plant and animal; the dllter-
onees there are fairly obvious and
deep-seated; but among the unicellular organisms this Is far from being
the cast;; tlie lines of differentiation
are by no means always clear and
obvious among them.
The characteristic distinction for
Instance, by which we commonly divide off tho higher plants from tho
higher animals, namely, that of motility, or the power of spontaneous
locomotion, fails tis entirely when applied to many of the lower forms of
life. Regarded from this point of
view alone the bacteria would have to
be placed in the animal kingdom, as
at one time we saw they were; and
likewise many other forms now
classed by common consent among
the plants. Motility we now know is
as common among certain of the unicellular plants as among the Protozoa; and we also know that not all
animal-forms are motile. Some are
as sedentary or fixed in their habits
and modes of life as are the typical
plants.
It becomes abundantly clear, then,
that it Is Impossible to draw any hard
and fast line between the so-called
vegetable and animal kingdoms. Nature recognizes no such divisions.
They are purely the creations of our
systematists; and though such dfvi
sions may prove convenient on the
whole for purposes of study and classification, It should never be forgotten that the distinction is a purely ar
bitary and artificial one. The life-
realm Is fundamentally a unit and the
life-stream unbroken and continuous.
For the general purposes of division and classification, however, a
fairly practical method of distinguishing between these lower life-
forms has been found. This method
Is based mainly upon their mode of
nutrition. To a modern naturalist,
who is neither particularly a botanist nor a zoologist, the essential difference between a plant and an animal
lies tn the way in which it subsists or
gathers its food.
.For him an organism is a plant
whe>n tt can subsist Independently of
other organisms, and is able to build
up its .substance directly-from simple
gases in the air am' from Inorganic
salts drawn from the soil or water,
A typical animal, on the other hand,
Is for him an organism which cannot do this and which cannot exist
apart from other organisms because
of Its dependence upon them for Its
sustenance, having lost the power to
draw its food directly from simple
chemical substances, but must now
seek It from the plants or other animals.
But even this criterion falls the
naturalist at times. He finds organisms, which undoubtedly belong to
the plant world, whose nearest relatives are all definitely plants, which,
because of their saprophytic and
parasitic mode of living, have entirely lost the power of extracting nourishment directly from Inorganic materials; and on the other hand organisms, which as clearly belong to the
animal world, possessing chlorophyll,
and the plant-like ability of obtaining food directly from inorganic
sources.
We made acquaintance with some
of these ambiguous organisms, that
dwell on the borderland between the
two life-kingdoms and partake of tho!
characters of both plants and animals,
In our consideration of the Protophyta. They not only show how
closely the two kingdoms are linked
together, but also give us some Idea
of how the one was evolved from the
other. Tho Bacteria are some of
these. Others among thc plants are
those active free-swimming bodies,
the zoospores, we saw arising among
the Fungi and the Alga;, nnd which
were particularly observable among
the colonial forms of the latter.
Inasmuch as those organisms display motile powers and possess swimming organs identical with thoso of
the flagellate Protozoa they suggest to
us the course nf evolution of ihcse
latter.
Indeed, tho close similarity betweon
the flagellate plant nnd the flagellate
nlmal Forms renders It at times very
difficult to say which is plant and
which Is animal or whero the one ends
and the other begins.
So much is thfs the case that formerly, before the modern mothod
distinguishing between plants nnd
animals, spoken of just now, had boon
ndopted, they were all placed fn i
clnss of their own known as the Fla
gellata, and commonly regarded as all
belonging to the Protozoa or primitive animal forms,
Today, however, It is recognized
that there nro flagellate forms among
the plants as well ns among the animals; and thus In the Flageltata,
whose common, dominant characteristic nre their fiagolla or whip-like
appendage..: hy which thoy .propel
themselves, we see the natural link
between the two life-kingdoms.
Taking both the plant and animal
flagallote organisms together, they
present a wide range of forms
reaching from tbe simple, bacterial
forms to tho ' complex colonics of
Volvox and Proteospongla—the ancestors of Ihe spongou—and the high-
ly-differentlated cells nf lho Eugle-
nacetc, or which the well-known genus
Eugtenn may ho regarded tis typical.
Many naturalists look upon thoso
forms aa the parenl-group of the
whole of tho Protozoa; and whether
this actually he tho caso or not, It Is
very certain we oan draw no distinct' form was we wll
"lines of demarcation betweon tho anl-   the next article.
mal and plant forms. They merge Insensibly into one another, and many
of them are claimed as we have seen
by both botanist and zoologist alike.
With these 'preliminary remarks we
may now proceed to take up our study
of animal life.
In the animal world the Protozoa
correspond to the Protophyta in the
plant world. They are the simplest
and earliest of the animal organisms;
and Just as the Protophyta by graduated, transltionary stages, and by increasing complexity of organization,
passed Into and became the Metaphy-
ta=—the higher tissue-forming plants
—so did the Protozoa In exactly the
same way pass into and became the
Metazoa, or complex and compound,
tissue-forming animals.
We may perceive the same evolutionary phases, the same graduated
development, ln the one as in the
other. And Just as It ls impossible to
draw any hard and fast line between
the Protophyta on tho ono hand, and
the Protozoa on the other, between
the flagellate plants and the flagellate
animals, so we cannot mark off by
any sharp lines of difference the protozoan from the metazoan forms. And
herein lies our basal justification for
our belief in the doctrine of organic
evolutioflj
Just as we saw the unicellular
plants merging into and becoming
multicellular forms, so we may perceive the unicellular protozoan merging into and becoming the multicellular metazoan, the main or essential
difference between the two forma being the presence or absence of tissue,
The Metazoa are characteristically
tissue-forming animals; thc Protozoa
proper'are not; they stop short of
this stage.
Speaking broadly, the Protozoa are
single-celled animals, each of which
is capable of performing all the necessary functions of living organisms
and malntaing a separate and independent existence when the conditions
of life are suitable.
The Metazoa, on the other hand,
are essentially many-celled animals in
which the constituent cells have be
come more or less differentiated for
the performance of distinct functions.
They have also combined together to
form the various tissues that go to
make up the compound body; and
are normally no longer able to maintain a separate and independent ex*
Istence apart from, their fellows.
Between the two kinds of animals,
and linking them together as among
the plants, are the .colonial or transitional forms. These .display the same
graduated, progressive complexity and
cellular differentiation as was seen
among the Protophyta. As with
them,, the simplest aolpn.es are mere
temporary aggregations of simple undifferentiated, cells. These may be observed Increasing ln .complexity of orr
ganization and in a,, closer and more
intimate union.of ceils, until lt becomes difficult to Bay whether they
are more truly proto^pan or metazoan.
In the study of the phylogeny, or ancestral history- of the Protozoa we are
not so fortunate as in our studies of
the phylogeny of 'the plants. We can
check up the conclusions reached ln
our studies of the living forms of the
latter by the knowledge we can gather
from thcir ancient fossil forms. We
cannot do this In the case of the an
clent forms of the Protozoa. We
have to rely almost entirely
upon the life-history of the various existing forms. The nature of so
many of the Protozoa—their naked,
skeletonless bodies—makes it impossible for us to discover fossil forms.
Atl wo can gather from tbe geological
record today Is that the differentiation
of the main groups must have occurred at a very remote period in the
earth's history, sinco the remains of
those genera wliich possessed skeletons—such for example us the Fora-
minifera and the rtadioluria, whoso
structure and life-history Indicate n
very long pedigree—are found in tho
earliest fossil-bearing strata.
Notwithstanding) however, this lack
of direct evidence lu fossil-forms, we
are not left entirely without guidance
'In our effort!, to reconstruct tho ancestral history of the Protozoa. There
arc several inferential tines of evidence to assist us.
One of these Is tho essential
unity and homogeneity which Is seen
to underlie tho numberless differen
tlatlons of form and structure we find
among the Protozoa. Wo are justified In Inferring from this that th
phylum or group as a whole had i
common ancestor. The working of
the biogenetic law—that law whicli
teaches us that tlie forms and characters of all young organisms are
much closer to the ancestral type,
from which tlie nice or species has
sprung, than are the mature and
moro specialized adult forms—also
offers many valuable hints for our
guidance.
Tho life-cycle of such groups of
Protozoa us have been specially
studied, such for example as the Mas-
tigamoebtc—a remarkably group of
amoebo-flagellate animalcule, which
in themselves combine thc peculiar
organs of locomotion typical of two
distinct classes, thus linking 'them
together and showing their close
genetic relationship—shows us thnt
the adult forms nmong these organisms uro preceded Jn the undeveloped young by much simpler ones; thus
making it perfectly clear thnt the
Mastlgnmieba' nre derived, nnd not
prlmftlve, ancestral, types.
Again, as we shall see when we
consider, as we will In the noxt article, the different "classes" of Protozoa, that although tho typical representatives of these classes present
widely differing characters we yet
find many of them of such an Indefinite, Intormcdlfile typo that wo have
often to use rjUllG nrbltnry measures
In classifying tliem.
From facts such a#t mew, of (Witch
thoro is no lack, we may poroelvo
that the various evolutionary paths
travelled by the Pretoria In their
Itrc-hlstorv all lead us fyick to n
single,  ancestral  form.       What     this
Labor Can Govern-
Critics Confounded
(Continued from page 1)
the fast falling, standard of the workers' wages. The policy of labor was
to restore the power of the Central
Wages board and to establish a real
an enlightened supervision of the work
of the local committees. This effort
the carrying of the Acland amendments very largely destroyed, and liberalism, which enfranchised the country laborer, has set against itself the
black mark of its assault on his standard of living, Happily the Housing
bill has survived Mr. Masterman's
helpful plan to refer its Immense detail to criticism in committee of the
whole house. The measure stands,
subject no doubt to 6ondltions— to the
goodwill of thc building trade, to a
certain stability in prices, above all to
the social conscience, to tho will to
revolt, and the power to recover, from
a filthy evil, At least, under the pilotage of labor, the country has been
shown the way.
But lt fs on foreign policy that labor has set its great, its decisive
mark. Here indeed there could be
neither liberal hindrance nor liberal
co-operation. Here was the kingdom
left only for the one moral force in
politics to occupy, It has been bravely seized and finely kept. For the
first time since the war the nationalist
party has ceased to hold the fort, and
London is the seat of a true, a helpful,
a pacific conference of the powers,
Xone can doubt that this blossom of
hope, springing up on the reddened
soil, is a fruit of labor's sowing, A
new Europe could only come through
a new France, and that In Its turn
would have been Impossible without
a new England. Under its auspices
Frenchmen have consented to meet
Germans, not as at Versailles, in the
guise of sullen captives of defeat, but
as negotiators, round a table. The
transformation is the peculiar glory of
the prime minister, to whose zeal and
patient skill, the capitulation ot force,
Incomplete as it is, ls due. Whatever
may betide, Mr. (MacDonald's fame as
the restorer of. countries and cities
stands secure, and If his ministry fell
to-morrow, its name would live in
history. He has sacrificed much to
achieve this capital end—something
of his rightful place and power in debate and something, too, of his party's
credit as a parliamentary force. To
those who know the might of accomplished things, how the scepticism of
our times weighs down restorative
effort, and how easily the smouldering
fires of contention burst Into flame
again, his achievement seems wonderful enough. It will be alow ln the
working. Every day the dark forces
recede a little. But they may gather
again, and then, scan the horizon as
we may, there remains for their defeat only the reserve strength of labor and socialism. In other words, a
strong labor party means a strong
government. And a strong labor government has a.restored Europe for its
grand and now visible prize. The
drawing ln of Germany towards a
new, let us hope a substantially federated, Europe Is well advanced; and
the return of soviet Russia has at
least begun. In the light of those
events, the advent of lubor can only
be described as a blessing to humanity.
The Value of Tradition
I have loft to the last the question
which ls In a sense the most important
of all, and that is the relation of the
government to its party. There Is
every sign that the two will bold together and will mutually increase
oach other's strength. But undeniably there are lions In tlie path.   There
FOR
ONLY
$4.50
YOU CAN HAVE THE
"HOOVER"
Delivered to your home—the balance
you pay in small monthly amounts.
For a short time only these special
terms make it unusually easy for you
to own a Hoover.
Simply call up Seymour 1670 and ask
for the Hoover Department, and tell
thtem you'd like to have a Hoover demonstration at home on your own rugs,
or aee the demonstration daily at this
store.
THE HOOVER is the greatest home-
cleaning device ever made—it beats, as
it sweeps, as it cleans. Get one today.
—Main Floor
A IkhmTfon (Jompflng A
V-urooovss, b. o.
is no need to expose the manoeuvre
which soflght with one hand to tie the
labor ministry tb a liberal programme,
and with the other to exhibit It as
false to Its socialist creed. Socialism
In England is not a revolutionary, a
catastrophic doctrine, and in accepting progress, the word and the thing,
it pays the necessary tribute to the
past, to the qualifying, even the binding, force of the things that are,
Capitalism was not born in a day; and
as its 'destruction by force Is not an
English Idea, neither will lt disappear
before the breadth of a noble aspiration. The only possible socialist tactic, therefore, is to prepare the new
order by degrees, strengthening the
people's hold on their property, Imposing control where ownership Is impracticable, stopping or bridling monopolies, encouraging municipal enterprise, and aiming always at the better
organization of Industry. Undoubtedly there have been some lapses from
this line of thinking. One or two departments from which a good deal
were expected have done little or
nothing. And It required pretty strong
liberal-labor action to bring about a
halt In tbe recent rather alarming
advance of the electrical monopolists.
lt has been a feverish session, and
here and thero tho Immense routino
of parliamentary business and the continuous urge of capital In quest of new
opportunities have been too much for
inexperienced bunds.
But the remedy is simple.   Tbo gov
ernment has passed through the purely reformist stage of Its career. It is
time to think of reconstruction. By
the consent of all parties, electricity
and coal are the two master-keys to
the future of British industry. They
can he crudely exploited ln the Inter*
ests of proflt and dividend, leaving tie
country wher<2 she stands to-day, at
the tall of the great Industrial nations;
or. In the "hands of the state, and the
municipality, they can become the
servants of millions. An Immense
work of co-ordltiatibn lies here; and
the government has the recess la
which to prepare it. Save foi the
clever but limited studies of the liberals, the field is free, with the test of
Intellectual thoroughness and organising capacity which It offers to a young
and ambitious government. Clearly labor has come to stay. Let lt go on to
achieve thc triumph of its principles.
History fn thp past has given too
much attention to war and too little
to the things that make for peace.—
—John J.  Mullowney.
Public Accountant ind Auditor
J. W. Y. JARVIS
Hunks kcjit hy monthly contract; syMwn*
installed; income tax returns; collections.
If ymi lum- uny doubt* nbout your
books ntid accounts Ill-inn in good shape,
. ini-iili iin>.
Phone!': Sey. 4156 or Bay, 5323R
19B Hastings St. Wost, Vancouver, B. 0.
seek to discover i
(To be continued) %
Public Auction Sale of
UNREDEEMED SECURITIES
Selling Daily at 2.30 and 7.30 p.m.
Continuing- Daily Until November 1st
Tin* Puwuhroki
only—therefore
V lei of \Xsix compels lis ifi dispose of Unredeemed I'lodgca nt I'uiiiic Auction
ureal opportunities arc In Btore for thofto attending those Miles.
DIAMONDS, HIGH-GRADE JEWELRY,   CAMERAS,   SHOTGUNS,
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, AND HUNDREDS OF ARTICLES OF
VALUE, SUITABLE FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS, WILL BE OFFERED
AT SACRIFICE PRICES
PLEASE NOTE—'Many of our loans were made Lo Jewellers and othor storekeepers, consequently lots of the articles included in this sale arc perfectly new und arc eminently suitable for
Christmas gifts. There's bound to lie something In this wonderful collection to bo offered that appeals to you—plan to attend these sales.
TERMS OF SAM-.—Cash upon fall of tho hammer, or ii desired, a 10 per cent, deposit will bo accepted on goods laid by. Final payment to bo paid on or before Deo. -3rd. Thin will give purchasers a chance to secure Christmas presents of sterling quality at genuine reductions.
ilrod, up
j:xrim;i> loans
cannot redeem their chattels may luue their lo
■n payment <>f interest to date.
"is oxtonded for another term, if
NKW LOANS
ve unlimited funds fo lend upon sound securities,
War Loans nml merchandise of all descriptions,
All nppiloatluns strictly confidential.
iuch as Precious stones, Jewellery,
LoWOpt   rates   of   Interest—Liberal
Diirltn- Our 15*Days' Sale
Loan Department will Iw
tn « (Lin.
open for business iih usual from
B.C. COLLATERAL LOAN CO. LIMITED
Corner Columbia 7" HASTINOS STREET EAST Seymour 1317
THE ONLY CHARTERED PAWNBROKERS in WESTERN CANADA PAGE FOUR
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 42 ?< PfTfSH    rOLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER.
FRIDAY October 17,  1824
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
^ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, Installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
-CARDS FOR-
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd»
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
TIMELY TOPICS
the editor of the Sunypacked houBes on Sunday evenings,
they full to report her or even criticise
her statements. Is it thnt they are
afraid that the people might go and
hear for themselves and nnd out that
they were not telling the truth about
her?
Our advertisers make it possible for
us to spread the gospel of - Labor.
Bhow your appreciation by patronizing them on every possible occasion.
The Federatlonist is out to heli
the workers. There is no nobler
work. Join us In the fight. Get
your friends to subscribe.
Canadian PacificRailwa
W7"E are sure
" is happy theso days. rremler
King seems to have said the right
thing, in the right place, at the right
time. The Sun's motto should be,
"Develop tlie Peace river valley or
bust." It does oot seem to matter
that there is all sorts of arable land
that is being held by speculators,
along side of, or within reasonable
distance of the existing railroads, nor
does lt seem to make any impression
that there are already thousands of
our farmers who have had to give up
farming nnd leave tbe country because there was not a sufllcient demand for the product of the soil at a
price that would enable them to carry
on. The Sun's solution is, "grow Btill
more." Oh, well, we never could understand their logic anyway!
• •      * .
Tlie conservatives and liberals are
finding out vory rapidly in these dnys
of political stress and strain in England, that they have a great deal In
common with each other. We have
been always telling them that, but
they would never pay any attention to
Now they have to. They stand—
they have always stood—for the rights
of the privileged few as against the
rights of the masses. Whether labor
is privileged to take over the reins of
power in England after the coming
election, matters little, in comparison
to the fact that they will have driven
the old-line parties all into one camp.
They will not be able to camouflage
the workers any longer then with
their two parties, it will then be a
straight right as between the forces
of capitalism and socialism.
# *      *
We don't see very much in our lo'
cal daily press about Mrs. Rose Henderson these days. In spite of the fuct
that she   is  lecturing   in   the  city  to
Leaves Dally at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Making all important slops, and carries
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis A St. Paul
In addition to first-class coach, tourist car.
standard slsspsrs, diner and compartment
observation car.
fcr all information and reservations apply at TICKET OFFICES:
Vancouvtr Depot, Hotel Vancouver or 434 Haitims W.
BEETHOVEN
PLAYER PIANOS
Give perfect muninil pxprpKsioii from
pedalling only- Musical knowledge is
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tliis wonderful instrument. Beethoven
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Device, which enables li Word Roll to
bc rendered in 7 DIFFERENT KEYS
to accompany all pitches of voices.
Beethoven Player Pianos
Oak,    Walnut    and    Mahogany,    wilh
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$700.00
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exchnnge and arrange the balance on
terms, without interest.
Lewis Lends!   Follow Who Can!
LEWIS PIANO HOUSE
LTD.
1014 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER. R. O.
NOTE—Our Demonstrating Showrooms at 70 Hastings Street West are open to
the public every evening till 10 o'clock. Phone Seymour 5105, or call for further
particulars. ■:,.__—_■
Erection of New Industrial
Plant in Vancouver Offers
Unusual Commercial Opportunities
WITH the breaking of ground last Monday for the erection of their
large $75,000 plant and foundry, the B. 0. VALVE OOMPANY are
— making rapid progress, and it will be but a matter of three months until
■ both plant and foundry are completed and on a producing basis.   Suffi
cient orders are now in the hands of the company officials, both for our
patented valves and our bronze castings to make
Success with Huge Profits
Practically Assured
from the day that work can be started. The building, which will be
fully modern in every respect, and capable of meeting the demands in
either department, will be completed as speedily as possible, and keeping
with our general policy of assisting our stockholders whenever possible,
the contractor has agreed whenever and wherever possible in the construction of this plant to see that
Shareholders Be Given
Employment Preference
Few industries have ever been started with such a bright outlook for the
immediate future, and the fact we are fortunate in having only men of
years of scientific study and actual experience in the various lines as
heads of our manufacturing and casting departments will eliminate the
costly experimenting so frequently the cause of financial loss to any enterprise. Mail the coupon today for Free Literature and further information, which, while placing you under no obligation, will prove a revelation
to you,
CLIP AND MAIL THIS COUPON TODAY
TIIE B. O. VALVE CO. LIMITED
510 Hnstlniw Street West
[Dept F] /
DEAR SIRS:
Without placing mc UHd.. nny BblllttloV, liind'l.v forward
free descriptive literature end information Nsgtt-d.llg ra— new
Industry,
B. 0. Investments, Financed by B. 0. Funds promote
B. 0. Payrolls and make B. 0. Prosperous
MMo  C«
(Ball-Controlled)
VALVE
COMPANY LIMITED
510 Hastings Street East
I'Iioih', Seymour  1250
514 Standard Bank Building
VANCOUVEIt, B. C.
Our KiwanJan friends must have
shocked the natives in Vancouver
when they . advertised all over the
city that they were raising money for
the "under-privileged children." Who
would have thought that children
were under privileged in this city?
We have always been taught that such
conditions were due more or less to
the indolence of the individuals concorned. This is supposed to be such
a wonderful country! Now, to learn
that children are under privileged In
our midst, comes as a shock. "We
wonder >vhat our frienda are doing to
prevent more being deprived of what
♦hey consider their rightful privileges. They say that an ounce of
prevention is worth a pound of cure.
We believe it. We hope that the Ki-
wanlans will try a liitle bit of it.
We'll say it takes courage though!
* * *
A recent despatch in the dally press
tells vtt one of our locnl citizens,
yet but a youth, who is being held
the city of Montreal, charged with
murder. The boy was in search of
work; was compelled to leave his
home in search of the elusive job; he
fell among bad companions while
searching in ' vain for the means
whereby to provide himself and his
dependent mother with the necessities of life. To think that a young,
promising youth, is driven to such
straits to gain a livlihood, is one of
the most damning indictment against
our modern social system that can
possibly he made. Hundreds living In
the lap of luxury while millions are
daily on the verge of starvation—and
we are bold enough to call ourselves
christians and civilized. It's a travesty on both!
Isn't it funny to see the way the
liberals are (lirting wilh "Our Harry."
They are so accustomed to individuals
not standing true to thcir principles,
it would seem to us that they think
that they might win Mr, Neelands
over to help them out of their tight
orner. We realize that all labor representatives are not always true to
their principles, but in our recent
choice we feel that we have reason
to congratulate ourselves. Our friends
are barking up the wrong tree this1
time.
We are always tn sympathy with
anything that is for the uplift of the
morals of the young people of this or
any other city, and usually a visit to
a theatre makes a break in the monotonous life thnt we have to live, and
a change from tlie weary business of
trying to eke out an existence. Usually a visit to the play or the movies
gives us something to think nbout and
generally a moral is attached to the
scenes we witness!
Usually we do not feel that we are
doing very wrong in taking our children once in a while to the show, but
after seeing one of the much advertised musical comedies in ono of tho
local theatres this week, we feel that
it would be better if they were left at
home. The censor has certainly
forbidden many shows in this city
that were far better than the one un
der notice.
R. J. In reviewing the show in the
Province sums up the situation very
nicely when he says:
. The piece has its clever and
witty moments, but there is altogether
too much "bedroom" talk. When will
some theatrical producers learn to
eliminate this stuff from the stage?
Jt Is old stuff and the public is tired
of It."
In the old days we were accustomed to these shows in the old Cordova
street house hut not now. Many of
the audience were young women and
what would their impressions he?
* * *
The Vancouver Evening Sun is candid at times. It contained an editorial the other day analyzing the British labor party. It divided the members into two groups, classifying them
us lions and Iambs. The less radical
type are the lambs, nnd tho Sun credits them with superior intelligence.
Surely Ihis Is original! The old tales
of the "foolish sheep" are a myth.
But it Is quite natural that the capitalistic press should appreciate those
who believe that It is quite in order
that the workers should lie "fleeced1
and "bled."
* •      *
Ramsey Macdonald's statement that
communism is a product of the war
and czardom sounds paradoxical when
put side by side with his statement
about, the Russian loan. The average
reader of the capitalist press will rejoice at this slam against communism,
which to them means wholesale massacres In the name of a political opinion.
* *      *
The particular brand of opinion,
which sees "red" all the time, is, no
doubt, the product of war and czardom, and never by any chance, the
product of careful and sane thought.
War, which is an unthinking business,
gave men a tnste of blood. True
communism, whicli is only socialism
matured, has, no doubt, been hastened
on Its way by the horrors of capitalist wars and peace treaties.
Christianity was intended to be militant—just the opposite, in fact—but
the systems of which they have become a part have made them so.
In a recently published statement,
Walton Newbold, former communist
M. P., gives his reasons for leaving
the communist party. He resigned
not because of the communist party's
communist opinions, but because of
their tactics. He does not believe in
labor's broadcasting its differences
before the masses; he believes in
fighting differences out among themselves, nevertheless.
*      *      *
He believes in supporting labor in
office, which does not mean that one
must not criticise it. And because he
recognizes Britain's dependence on
the rest of the world ho realizes
that whnt is suitalble for Russia is
not suitable for Britain. He wants
"security of food-stuffs and raw materials."
•      *      *
Even men, whose trade is war, can
sometimes realize the blessings of
peace. Genoral Sir Ian Hamilton,
when unveiling a war memorial at
Crewe, England, said wo must not
listen too much to the men who made
the war. "Imagine if the vacillating
British cabinet had been vouchsafed
a prophetic vision of those there tip-
on the plinth of Crewe's memorial,
which is inscribed with so many
names that one could hardly stick n
pin In between them—what would
they have done? Would Burns and
Morley have been the only two to
shrink hack from the suicide of a
generation?" We imagine the general would havo been' relieved of some
of his responsibilities if he hnd dared
to expres such sentiments in this part
of the empire.
A true story is told about the late
Dr. MacLean, when medical health
officer in the early days in the city
of Vancouver. When very excited he
was in tlie habit of stammering.
One day a police constable fished out
a man from the waters of False Creek
and he was taken to the police station and examined. Life still seemed
to be in the body. Dr. MacLean
who happened to be in the station
got very excited and calling to P. C.
Pulton, exclaimed, "Bring some bran
—bran—bran" Before the doctor got
very much farther in his request,
constable Fulton returned with a
bucket of bran from the stable. "Here
you are doctor, there's just a few
oats In it, but it's the best I could
ge." The doctor got very red and
stammered,   "I   told   you   bran—bran
brandy, you- Ido—ido—idot."
MISSING    COPIES    OF    THE
EEDEHATIONIST WANTED
"POLLOWING   lost   copies    of
*   Tho B. C. Federatlonist are
missing from the files;
March 30, 1023,
October ii. to December 28,
1023, Inclusive.
We will be very much obliged
to subscribers having any of
these papers at their disposal If
they would kindly send same to
this office.
IT'S A
FACT
you get more for your
money from Brummitt's
than anywhere else.
LOOK AT THOSE FLANNEL SHIRTS I GOT FOR—
$1.95
HE HAS LOTS MORE OF
THEM, TOO.
All kinds of Shoes for Men
and Boys,
W.B.Brummitt
18-20 Cordova St. West
A young lady took her friend to
Sunday school and during the afternoon service the superintendent presented those present with a bible.
Unfortunately the visitor was unable
to rend. The superintendent meeting'
her on the -street ^aw days later
asked her if she had read tlie bible.
"Sure," she said. "I road all through
it. but it ends like all the rest of
the novels, they get married and live
happy ever nfter."
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tho greatest nssistanco that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render us nt this time. Is hy securing a
new subscriber. By dolnp so .voir
spread thc news of the working clat*s
movement and assist us.
A day, nn hour, of virtuous liberty,
is worth a whole eternity in bondage.
—Addison.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Your Income
Depends on Your Eyes
Don't forget that tlie dollars
you earn are in a great measure dependent on your eyesight. Bo sure Your Eyes Aro
Uiglit. It is the Only Safe
and Sensiblo Way. This is our
business and our only busi^
ness.
PITMAN
OPTICAL HOUSE
015 HASTINGS STREET W.
Upstairs, over Woolworth's Store
FOR SALE
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
APPLY BOX "A," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants.
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florfrts' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AMD .YERSERYMEN
48 Haatings Sired East 2—STORES—2 OSIJ-GranviUe Street
Sey. 988.072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1301
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask Ior CATTO'S.    For gale at all Government Liquor Stores
This advertisement ls not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Oovernment of British Columbia
B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOB PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Published in the Interests of All Workers
We nre told by a certain locnl editor tlmt MahammedanlHm is the only
reliRlon that ever thrived on the
sword. Christianity, however, thrived
on, the Inquisition) whicli was worse;
nnd, In times of war, Christianity ls
over to the forefront, no less militant
than tho so-called militant Buddhism
[•oE to-day.     Neither   Buddhism    nor
•THE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the better-
*• ment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are always weloome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this office by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
noon.
You must have The Federationist in the home eaoh week to keep in touch
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months. .
JOB-PRINTING
Estimates will be furtiished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
_____

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