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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Aug 22, 1924

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Canadian Labor Party Form Central Council for Greater
Members Must Sign Pledge Supporting C.L.P. Platform-
Other Business
fpHE adjourned meeting of the convention called Tor tho purpoae of
forming a central council, was lmld
at the Trades and Labor councU hall,
213 Holden building;, Friday August
15th. Mr, F. Hoover, the newly-elected chairman, occupied the chair. It
■ was agreod by the delegates present
that in the future all delegates chosen
from the various unions or political
labor parties, must sign a pledge In
Which they definitely pledged themselves to the platform of the Canadian Labor party, and that they wore
not In any way associatetd with any
othor political party not eligible to
affiliate with tho C.L.P.
A constitution, recommended by the
executive, was with a few changes,
It was agreed that the Greater Vancouver Central Council of the Cana-
, dlan Labor party should Include the
i districts of  South   Vancouver, North
Vancouver, Point Grey and Burnaby,
, and also tho city" of Vancouver.   The
' idea df including these outlying districts was to co-ordinate and .stimulate where it was deemed to be wise
> and essential, the labor activities in
the various areas thus named.   Some
were more or less organized,  while
others wore not active at all.    The
council   therefore   hopes to have a
stimulating  influence  in  the  case  of
Committees were chosen to look
afar such (matters as organization,
education,  fogislation and  publicly.
The organization committee was in
structed to endeavor to get workers
in each of the wards In Vancouver in
terested  and  working  on  behalf  of
labor at tho coming civic elections.
Judging from the intorest shown by
the delegates, it would appear as
though the prospects for the future
of tho C.L.P. in Vancouver and eur
rounding district, are exceedingly
It was recoginzed by many present
that thore wero many dangers ahead
of the movemont, and that there was
a grent need for wise, honest and intelligent direction on the part of those
who have been choson to guidt- tho
destinies of thiB new party.
AstfWe See It—
Consistent" Press
New Directory Just Issued
Tho flrst issues of tho Wrigley-
f Henderson British Columbia directory, issued since the amalgamation
of these well-known directory compilers, is Just off the press. It is a
bulky volumo, well printed and admirably- arranged, and contains a
woalth of valuable information rela-
|Hre to the various localities of the
Pacific Province. The prodigal resources of British Columbia, summarized from official sources, should
prove of much interest. In the sections devoted to Vancouver and Victor-
la appear complete stroet guides,
with location of intersecting streets,
occupants of offices and homes, folio -Jir.l by an alphibctlcal directory of
►business firms, professional men and
private citizens. The new directory
ls certainly an acquisition to business.
[By Angy- Maclnnis]
■pVER since the beginning of the
•^ Russian revolution, until very
recently, we have been deluged dally
by stories in the capitalist press of the
terrors and horrors of that upheaval.
Tho bloodthirstiness, tho fiendish
cruolty, the absolute immorality of
tho leaders in Russian affairs was
dally, oven hourly, by flaming headlines, long articles which contradicted lho headlines and ponderous editorials,  impressed upon our minds.
This attitude towards a people,
which had been for centuries kept
under the heel of a ruthless and
soulless autocracy, which had drained
the cup of misery and degradation
to the last drop and had at last,
when death itself was preferable to
any further suffering, made an effort
to end their slavory and become mas
ters of their own destiny, was not
peculiar to tho press of this city, this
province or dominion, but was characteristic of tho capitalist press
throughout the wholo world, with very
few exceptions.
These champions of constitutional
methods were filled with righteous indignation because the Russian leaders
refused to convene tho constituent assembly and that they had established
a dictatorship of the proletariat, and
made it a rule that ho who did not
work would not eat.
British statesmen, including the
"democratic" Ltoyd George, refused to
"shake hands with murder," ostensibly
becauso the Russians had disposed of
their rulers in a rather summary fashion. But we have noticed lately that
these littlo incidents would be overlooked, nay, oven forgotten, if the
bondholders wero protected and the
international capitalist class given the
privilege of agnin exploiting the Russian working class.
Their human sensibilities were thor
oughly shocked and outraged because
a few parasites had rocelvod their Just
due at the hands of a working claBS
that had suffered every indignity; had
endured every form of oppression,
being tortured, maimed and murdered
by overy diabolical device that the
minds of the most debased could devise; and often suffering ln the mines
and dungeons of that unhappy land
a fate which death itself would be a
thousand times more preferable.
Yet the allied nations, including this
dominion, had no qualms, did not
even notice tlio incongruity, In yolng
arm in arm with the Czarist govornment into a war to mako he "vorld
sal'o for democracy" and for the
rights of small nations."
When we consider tho indifference,
if not approval, with which they \ lowed Czarist oppression of the Russian
working class, and heir attitude towards what    has   occurred since in
mother countries, we are of the opinion
that the world-owning class and its
instruments the capitalist press, is not
opposed ,to oppression or to dictatorship por se; its opposition to either
depends entirely on who is oppressed
or supressed and Who wields the dictator's club.
The acclaim and approval with
Italian Fascism was received by the
press strengthens our opinion In this
respect. Tho Fascists of Italy are
guilty of much tho same crimes as
bfougiit down the condemnation and
execration of tho world's bourgeoisie
on the heads of tho Russian bolshe-*
The Fascist dictators set at nought
the constitution of the country; while
they permitted parliament to meet
they stated boldly and openly that
they would not be bound by its acts;
it created its own mllltla which did
not swear allegiance to the king; it
compelled parliament to pass a franchise act that gave the Fascist a permanent majority In parliament; it destroyed the freedom of the press and
the freedom of speech, and murdered
and tortured everyone who dared to
oppose them by word or deed All of
this has received the blessing and approval of our Christian editors and
champions of "law  and  order."
"When citizens who did not approve
of Fascism and were suspected to
vote against it were drenched with
castor oil, our editors chuckled with
Working class dictatorship was a
was a most unholy thing, while a dictatorship of conservatism and reaction
was a flne thing.
All of which leads us to conclude
that it can be said of the capitalist
class, as far as constitutionalism and
law and order are concerned, as haB
been said of a certain people at
another time: "These people worship
me with their lips but their heart is
far from me."
Will Ask Oity to Take Action oil
Wages Paid by Vancouver
Pros and Antis—
Debate Vaccination
[A Series by B.C. Medical Association]
1.   Vaccination  is  not a  preventive.    The   figures   In   Article   No.   1
show  the  ridiculousness  of  this  objection.    No government to day would
Resolution Defeatetdre Autonomy  dream of letting their soldiers go to
for Canadian Unions—Dances   !a war without thorough vaccination,
Editor Seattle Union Record Resigns
3. B. Ault, for 12 years editor-
manager of the Seattle Union Record,
has resigned. His successor haB not
yet been named.
(Syllabus of Summer School at
Log Cabin, August 24
'    to 31,1924
Evening lectures as follows:
Sunday, August 24—"New Human
Values," by Rose Henderson.
Monday, August 25—"The Co-op-
jprative Commonwealth or Industrial
Serfdom—Which?" by Rose Header
Tuesday, August 26—"Building i
Labor News Service," by C. B. Board
Wednesday, August 27—"Problems
of the Farmer," by George F, Stirling.
■ Thursday, August 28—"The Relation of Greek Tragedy to Modern
Drama," by Katherlne Aikins.
Friday,  August  Jl—"Music
publio Utility," by George W. Weaver.
Saturday, August 30—"Russia, Yesterday and Today. Under a Workers'
Government," by Rom Henderson,
■*  Sunday, August |1—"Art and Education in Russia," by Rose Henderson.
Classes in economics, social welfare,
etc, at 10 a.m. each .day, subjects to
be determined later. Children's
"story hour" 3 p.m., balance of afternoon free, for boating, bathing and
recreation. All evening classes will be
held at 8 o'clock, and will be followed
by an open discussion.
Director—Rose Henderson, Canadian delegate to Women's International Peace Conferenoe at the Hague,
Manager—Jack Logie, West Summerland, B. C.
■Are we Downhearted?   No!
Iu face of most adverse weather
conditions, a loyal company of musicians ang their friends gathered at
Gore avenue wharf on Sunday morning. They wero keen on going, to
Belcarrat park, hoping against hope
that the roln would sooti cease and
allow tHem to enjoy their annual
picnic at this beauty spot on the
North arm. A hasty council of war
was held aa to tho advisability of
going ahead, and it was decidod finally to taike a chance on weather
conditions. Accordingly,       while
many of those assembled on the pier
felt a chill in their pedal extreml
ties, a hardy bunch of sixty odd hol-
idaymakors took their places o
board the fine "Harbour Princess.
Soon they arrived at Belcarra. Fate
—and the weather man—was agajnst
them, however, instead of lessening,
tho downpour increased until it assumed the proportions of an incessant rain. It was' impossible to run
off tho sports, and the party had to
content themselves within tho shelter of the dance hall on the grounds.
Still, they confess thoy had a fairly
pleasant time, that tho close association of the company offered much
in the way of happy social intercourse and that tho outing was by
no means ln vain when the gain in
friendship  was considered.
"The Land of Promise"
The letter from Mr. J. Saunders,
which appeared in these Columns a
fow weeks ago has evidently been
read with intorest by many of our
subscribers. Several letters have
been received on the subject and offers of personal assistance to the author. These letters wiU be forwarded
to Mr. Saunders. Tho editor appreciates the interest taken In the subject and the replies received indi
cato that the subject is a live one
and by constantly bringing It to public attention will, wo hope, be tho
means of remedying tho mothods
of obtaining immigrants.
Labor Congress to Meet
London, Ont.—The Trades and
Labor congress of Canada will convene here beginning September 15.
Hundreds of dolegates from all over
provinces of Canada are expected to
attend, while the United States will
be representetd, as well as Great Britain, The "Masonic Temple hits been
secured and the committee having the
arrangements in hand are making
preparations to accommodate the visitors, and expectations are that many
prominent labor men will attend, besides government officials of Canada.
The farmer who Is ready to
shoulder a gun to flght socialism
for tear It will take his little farm
away from him is usually as meek
as a kitten when the banker or somo
loan shark takes It away from him.
There are a lot of funny people in
this world.
Visitors en Route to Pressmen's
Convention in Tennessee Received at Vancouver
On Sunday last the Vancouver local,
No. 69, of the International Printing
Pressmen and Assistants* union of
North America, had the pleasure of
entertaining several delegates from
Washington who were passing through
the city on their way to the thirtieth
biennial convention of above organ!
ration, which opens on August 25th
at their headquarters, Pressmen's
Home, Tenn. The delegatets were:
Bro. J. B. Boscoe, of No. 26, Web,
Seattle, who 1b also International representative for the Northwest and
Pacific coast, hla co-delegate being
Bro. Bill Gellett, the secretary. They
had for a travelling companion Bro.
f*ioyd Boster, wha will represent tho
Flat-bed men, of No. 39, Seattle; he
is well known to many Vancouver
boys, having worked here some years
ago at tho Metropolitan press.
Bro. Harry F. Longley, our popular presidont, will carry the banner
for Vancouver during the sessions.
Bro. W. Wilson, who Is on a motor
tour, accompanied by his wife, of San
Francisco, was also present.
After a sightseeing trip around tho
park and town, regardless of tho inclement weathor, the party adjurnod
for a banquet, following which the
visiting brothers expressed their views
on various matters which wero both
instructive and entertaining, also
congratulating Bro, Longley on his recent appointment to the position of
International representative for British Columbia. The promotion has
been well earned, there being not the
slightest doubt that Harry has the
welfare of the organisation at heart,
and will make an admirable representative.
The delegates left on the 7.46 p.m,
train, being accorded a rousing send-
off by quite'a number of the boys,
Bro. Mike Lothian and his committee fire to be congratulated on the
success of the day, which was freely
expressed by all those In attendance.
Resume September 10
AGES paid workers at the Vancouver exhibition grounds nt
Hastings park were scored at the
regular meeting of tho Trades and
Labor council hold on Tuesday night.
The city council will be urged to
take action towards cancelling tho-
lease of the .association. This because Dolegates Dunn aud Scrlbbens
reported that the exhibition had violated the fair wage clauso in the
agreement, and thus gave tho city
council  tho power to cancel it.
Delegato Scrlbbens said his investigations showed that only one man at
the exhibition grounds was getting
the city wage scale called for in the
agreement. All others were getting
[considerably .less. He instanced a
watchman who received $3.60 for
thirteen hours' work, while city
watchmen received $2.80 for eight
hours. ,
The secretary of the council was
Instructed to wire Hon. John Oliver
at Nelson asking him if he was aware
that men were being sought to work
at the university grounds at 35 cents
an hour. less $1.20 a day for board,
and that they had to provide their
own blankets.
A resolution of the steam and operating engineers urging that the
provincial government assume the
cost of operation, maintenance and
all medical fees at the isolation hospital, was endorsed.
A resolution by .Delegate Smith
that the Trades and Labor council
endeavor to arrange Sunday meetings during the winter, securing
speakers from the * Federated Labor
party, the communists, socialists, I.
W.W. and other similar bodies was
defeated, the amendment of Delegato Cottrell that this work should
be by the Labor Party of Canada being carried.
An effort of Delegate Pipes of the
bricklayers to secure some action toward a modification of United States
immigration laws in the mattor of
citizens holding international labor
cards was not carried.
Delegate Flynn introduced a resolution of which the purport was full
autonomy for Canadian labor organizations and endeavored to have it
passed as a council resolution for
submission to the coming Trades Congress convention. His effort was defeated after discussion.
On motion of Delegato V. R. Mldgeley, an organization committeo will be
It was announced that the union
label dances would be'resumed September 10 for the season, tho proceeds
to go to tho Canadian Labor party.
A communication from Dominion
Fair Wago officer, F. E. Harrison, outlining the work ho had done In connection with carpenter wage investigations here, was read and flled.
G. J. Ashworth, representing the
Mid-empire Fnir committee, which Is
seeking to have a fair held in Vancouver In 1927 or 1928, addressed the delegates and asked the support of organized labor.
every enlisted soldlerf and sailor is
vaccinated, perforce.
2. Sanitation, not vaccination, the
cause  of  tho  decline  of  smallpox.
In tho flrst place the decline was
too rapid and great, as compared
with improvement of sanitation.
Sanitation In England, between 1798
and 1810 did not improve much, lf
at all, whilo smallpox felt from 300
deaths per 100,000 to 6(5, and in 1843
to 17. Since then it has fallen to
Again, smallpox in a city visits
every quarter, sanitary or unsanitary,
with absolute impartiality. No sanitary* precautions will prevent one
child from catching it from another.
Children suffer mainly and they
are the best cared for section of the
Again, an army in the field is in
far more unsanitary conditions than
is the civil population. Crowding,
filth,1 corruption, "flies, everything
tends to carry disease. Yet, as we
have shown, smallpox was unknown
practically In a mass of millions of
men in four years.
Lastly, why have not deaths from
other diseases declined in the same
ratio? In the period 1838-1911 the
decline of mortality from smallpox,
measles and whooping cough was as
follows,   per million  of population.
1838—Measles, 426; whooping
cough,   596;   smallpox,   1,064.
1911—Measles, ';363; whooping
cough,  217; smallpox, 1.
3. Vaccination dangeroua to life
and health. In Great Britain in nine
years 1911-1919, 68 certificates of
death "connected with vaccination"
were recorded. During this time,
3,266,897 vaccinations were recorded
i.e., one death to 48,043 vaccinations.
The mortality of automoblling Is
higher thnn this.
Vaccination is a wound, though a
small one. Occasionally someone
dies of blood-poisoning from a pinprick, an abrasion or scratch. Occasionally vaccination Is carelessly
done with imperfect cleansing, dirty
mothods are used afterwards by
mother or nurse, contamination may
take- place In n hundred  ways.
It Is    not    tho    vaccination    that
causes the death, it is some second-
{Continued on page 3)
*The wealthier sections of our citizens would spend their time more
profitably, educationally and Intellectually, If they explored their own
I country, Instead of spending their
I time in Investigating foreign lands.—
¥r. Wheatlcy, M.P.
The time has surely come when
folks who aTe refused employment becauso of their age should have the
rigni to a pension, because they have
been giving service to the state for,
it may be, 60 or 60 years.—Alderman
Ben Turner, M.P.
Evon In the stress under which the
nation suffered during the war we
could not trust privato enterprise. It
is Just the same today.—Georgo
Hardio, M.P.
Excise nnd Sales Tax
Ottnwa, Ont.—The first of what will
likely be severnl actions to bo taken
by the government against printing
plants was eommonced recontly
at the courthouse by an notion
brought by tho King against Lowe-
Martin, Limited, printers, for tho collection of $5,130 excise and sales tax.
Ths bnsis on which tho govornment
is bringing its action is tho contention
that such printing plants nro manufacturers, wholesalers and Jobbers,
and as such aro liable for the payment of oxclsu nnd sales tax.
Poverty often deprives a man of al)
spirit and virtue. It Is hard for an
empty bog to stand upright.—Franklin.
pdltor B. C. Fedorationist: Our
*-• attention has boen drawn to
tlw fart that our article ln laat
week's Issue of tho Labor States-
nun, referring to the arew.pt-
anoo of paid articles as "hush
money," from the Timber Industries Council of B.O. by the
"Hook," "Star," and "Prdcra-
Uonlst" appeared eo reflect upon the polioy of Uie FXP. and
the Integrity of the editor of
Ilio Fodomtlonlst. Wo wish to
state that It was not onr Intention to eaet any reflection upoa
the oditor or upon the F.L.P.,
and as we are gives to understand that the F.L.P. editorial
hoard hns full control over the
news and propaganda arttdea
appearing In the paper, that the
advertising matter does not In
any way affect tho policy of the
V.Xi.V. or the articles appearing
In Tlte Fedorattontflf. *
ir. W, WATTS,
Tlie Labor Statesman.
Vanoouver, B. C,
August 20, 1021.
Soviet China—South African Politics—Brazil Revolt—
Religion in Russia
According to the Chinese delegation at Moscow, China will never be
developed by capitalism, and she is
associating herself more and more
with  the soviet  government,
South Africa
The political defeat of General
Smuts was largely a result of the
Rand strike of 1022, whon the nationalist and labor pnrties co-operated, having como to the conclusion
that tho govornment was acting
purely In the Interests of "big fin
Following Oeneral Smuts' resignation, a nationalist-labor coalition
government hns como into power.
Members of the labor pnrty have
accepted cabinet positions and Oen
ernl Hertzog, lender of the nationalists, iu tho now prime minister
There sconis to bo a variety of
reasons for tho rovolt. In tho first
place tho preferential rank nnd salaries of foreign (French) offloors are
resented by Brazilian officers. Tt
would bo Just less than a miracle to
flnd no roprosontntlves of tho great
powers Involved.
President Bernardcs has recently
announced certain measures of economy calculated to destroy tho powor
of the military party and to reduce
the army to non-partisan nnd purely
professional activities.
But like every other revolution,
the causes are chiefly economic. The
south and particularly the state of
Ban Paulo Is protesting against exploitation at the hands of federal
The soviet government has given
permission for tho printing and distribution of bibles. Antl-rellglon
propaganda among the peasants has
been discontinued. Wc can now
givo Russia the credit for being tolerant enough to allow the peasantry
to work out its own salvation. On
the whole this is a self-sacri flclng
effort on the part of the government
as anyone who knows anything about
the Oreek orthodox church will
Thoro aro sixteen hundred churches
in Moscow atone, and thore aro still
thousands of people who believe that
"life is a constant battlo betweon
saints and demons for tho possession
of the souls of men," says Dr. Robert
[By the Humane Education and Anti-
vivisection Society, Vancouver,
N 1800, ihe city of Bristol was then,
as it is   now,   a   seaport.    But   in
those days Bristol was a small place
compared   to   the   large   city   of   today and was surrounded with farms
on which the farmers kept cows and
supplied the cfty people with milk,
nn they used dairy maids to do tho
Sailors from all parts of the world
camo to Bristol and they were often
Infected with syphilis and transmitted thc horrible virus to the milk
maids. In thoso times anything
like sanitation and Isolation was not
thought of and those milk maids
with syphilitic sores on their hands
milked the cows as usual and If
there was a scratch on the cow's
udder some of the syphilitic virus
would get in the scratch and produco a pustule or pox, and we Btill
call it cowpox.
Then others who were not inocu
lated with syphilis would come xin
contact with those Infected cows, and
If thore were any openings in the
skin or mucous membrane* they
sometimes got some of this modified
syphilis into the wound and they
would thus become vaccinated.
Now these farmers observed that
the people so vaccinated apparent'
ly did not take smallpox as readily as those who were not inoculated
and they told this*story to Dr. Edward Jenner who wrote to Dr. John
Hunter, the man who flrst described
the circulation of the blood, and told
him the same thing. Dr. Hunter
wrote him to investigate and get the
facts before presenting his case to
the modical fraternity. Jenner then
wroto an article on the wonders of
vaccination as a preventative for
smallpox and the people of those
days fell for this horrible delusion,
not knowing that they wero planting in the blood stream of their
selves and their children a poison
millions of times more destructive
than smallpox ever was, and this
miserable farce has been marching
down the years until to-day when
capital has millions of dollars in
vested In plants all over the world
to manufacture these vaccines in in
credible quantities in the name of
science  and   preventative  medicine.
The result of this hundred years
of madness is a dogenernto nnd decadent rnco, both Brain power and
physique must and do suffer from
tho crazy half baked idea of tt. poor
ignoramus of one hundred yenrs ago.
Bovine syphilis, the syphilis induced by vaccination, forms tho soil In
which cancer, 'sarconln, tuberculosis
grow and ihey cannot grow If that
soil  is not  present  iu  the  body.
All febrile diseases, no matter
what name wc give them, arc simply
nature's way of manifesting a desire
to clean house and If we work in
harmony with nature and help her
in cleansing the blood stream by
every possible menns there would be
very few deaths from these fevers
but instead of helping nature we inject serums, vaccines and phylncog
ins without end into the unresisting
bodies of our trusting, confiding pa
llents nnd tho sod covers those
tragic mistakes by the millions.
There Is only one causo of disense
and that is poisons or toxins circulating in the blood and ns the
blood Is lifo therefore those toxins
undermine life Itself In tho human
family at least.
There ore only three ways of getting theso toxins into the circulation:
1st. We inherit some from our nn
'cost ors.
2nd. Wo inoculate ourselves by
cuts, bruises, vncrlnntlons and Inocu
3rd. Wc contaminate the blood
through the alimentary canal with
poison? which we tnke in ns foods,
but  which nro not foods at all.
Every physician on earth will ngrcr
tbnt toxins nro tho solo cause of dis-
oasot. Of courso, thoy will not all
agroo thflt they come from the threo
sources I have named. They will tell
you thoy como from gormn, but the
germs are there only as house cleaners and not as enemies, and if wc
give them an intelligent, kind of a«-
Nlstanco they will not kill our bodies. History has recorded that both
of Dr. Edward Jonner's sons died of
tuberculosis before they reached tho
ago of twenty-flve years, Does not
that agree with the statement made
earlier that bovine syphilis or vaccine Is the soil In which tuberculosis, cancer and sarconln grow 7 Poor
Jenner had no Idea that he was the
Indirect cause of the death of both
of his boys, yet wo know to-day that
It was so,
Dr. Dean, professor In one of the
medical schools of San Francisco, has
written a book proving these statements.
He and others have proved that
no person suffering from aotlve acquired syphilis can be vaccinated.
Why7 Becauso they have in the
blood already a more active form of
syphilis than tho bovine variety and
therefore the weaker bovino syphilis
cannot hnve any offect.
It doos not make any difference
whether wo pnss syphilis through a
tender young cnlf or an old cow or
Htcor, it is still syphilis just tho same
Mankind for Centuries Subjected
to Slavery—Have No Time
to Investigate
Will  Our  Conscious Mind Pass
Away After Death and Dissolve Forever
rpHOUOH living in tlie midst of
stupendous mystorles and highly
endowed with tho quality of lnquls-
itivoness, the bulk of mankind, owing to the sinister naturo of the social system under which, they exist,
oxo not yet awako to the majesty
and ,,/narvel of their surroundings.
The oarth, owned as it is by a
small minority, the rest of mankind
has for many centuries been subjected to a heartless slavery, which
has left them with little heart and
no time for intelligent Investigation.
Yet one problem has always Interested them and attracted them above
all others, that, fs the problem of existence after the mysterious climax of
our life here, which we call death.
There seems to be inherent In man
a belief in a continued existence In
spite of tho theory of some scientific
men and others,* who have tried to
prove In many long volumes that-this
belief has simply evolved from the
physical environment, or dreams of
that environment.
Even the undeveloped savage, unconsciously comparing his own weakness with the magnitude of the forces
operating around him, would very
early in his development begin to vision an unseen something working in
his environment—somothing more
powerful than himself and over which
he had no control.
Thon something within him, not tho
dreams themselves, might suggest
that those dreams were indications of
the existenco of unseen life.
As primitive man could think of
nothing else; the personal God naturally came into existence, and through '
alt historic times has played an Important part ln man's affairs, and will
long continue to do bo, as huge and
powerful institutions havo been founded on these lines; and tho vested interests involved will keep them going
till they wear out.
We cannot tear thom out; a new
growth, In accord with new idoas,
must spring from tho decay of tho
Thore is already a wido chasn* between tho personal God of the old-
thought world and tho Impersonal,
eternal mind of tho now-tht ught
world, working always by law from
whose reactions thero Is no escnplng,
beforo which even the worshipper of
thc god of profits, with his bulging
money bags Is as impotent as the most
Impoverished among us. A realization of thts new God will bring a,new
and truo morality, which must gradually replace the bastard morality of
our present, suffering and insane
The great eternal realities lie boyond our physical senses, but by their
interactions hnve produced the world
that affects our senses,
Thoso things wo feel, seo nnd hear
nro only an Infinitesimal fraction of
the sights and sounds that aro in existence—so that to rely and reason
solely upon thnt which those senses
reveal, limits us to a very contracted
and narrow existence—such an existence indeed as we are forced to endure to-day in our worid of masters
nnd slaves; of n hnrrnssing strife for
the hare necessities of life.
Tho unseen, ctornni principles would
(Continued on page 3)
Branch of the Federated" Labor
Party of British Columbia
[From our own Correspondent]
Vernon, B.C., Aug. 21.—On Saturday evening Inst, a meeting was hold
by those In and around Vernon who
were interested in the formation of
a labor party ln this district. Much
enthusluffin was displayed by those
present and It was felt that tho outcome of this meeting wilt be such as
to further to no small degree the
causo of labor in this district. The
officers chosen were: Chairman, Comrade Patterson; secretary-treasurer'
Comrade E. Bellevue; executive-
Comrades Doddle, Bennett, Macpherson,   Newtow,   MiwUniyre.
I havo noted ia tendency to think
that low wagea are only In the rural
areas, while at the same time It ls
forgotten that tfcere are sb low wages
in our bigger centres of population
among the steelworkers, shipbuilders,
and others,—a, tychanan, M.P.
controlling smallpox nor   any   other
Sanitation isolation and proper
food with hygienic measures,: are
the only meajis of preventing and
controlling any acute infectious disease, and the death rote will always
bo in proportion to tho efficiency by
which these measures aro carried
and can nover bo of nny   servico   in  out. A.  8.   MURPHY, PAGE TWO
FBiDAY.<...-u.v ....l-AugUBt 22,
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Bmlne-M and Editorial Offae, 1129 Howt* St.
The policy of The B. 0. Foderationist Is
eontrollod by the editorial hoard of tlie Federated Labor Party of BriUeh Columbia.
to sit in judgment upon their every
act. Until our politicians learn that
that is the only manner In which they
will be able to regain the confidence
of the public which they have lost
(why do they go to Nelson if they feel
that they have not lost the confidence
sixth century. However, wo do not
wish to sermonize on what should be
To return to the case ln question:
we contend that a white man in China
would hardly be subjected to such
treatment without a bit of lntcrnation-
Bnbscrlption Bate; United Statos and Foreign, 98.00 per year; Canada, 92.50 per
year, 91.60 for six monthi; to Unions sub-
■cribing in a body, 16c per member per
FRIDAY August 22, 1824
mHERE will be noticed on our front
page a retraction by the Labor
Statesman in connection with an article which appeared in that paper,
and which, it was felt, reflected upon
the Integrity of the editorial board of
The Federatlonist.
It Is not our flesire to, in anyway,
hamper the activities of the Statesman. It has, in common with us, aa
Its objective, the furtherance of tho
best interests of the workers. In all
its efforts that Jmay be thua directed*,
we wish It well.
Honest and sincere criticism directed against any policy The Federationist may advocate at any time, will
always be welcome and will be treated
with every respect and courtesy; but
any statements tnat may reflect in
anyway upon the integrity of those in
control of its policy cannot and will
not be tolerated for a moment, no matter from what source such statements
may originate. Our earnest desire is
that nothing may arise to distract our
attention from our task, that of making the lives of the workers happier
and more contented.
rpHB activities of this board are of
1 vital Importance to the workers
of this province, and for this reason
tney are worthy of more than passing
thought. The workers have been of
the opinion, and rightly so, we believe, that they should have absolute
freedom of choice of doctors in the
event of their meeting with any accident while engaged in their regular
Now, it would appear that there
are numerous instances ln which this
right is denied them. For Instance, we
understand that the workers at Port
Mann are compelled to go to one doctor, or a certain group of doctors,
whethor they care to or not, simply
because they are under what is term
ed, an approved medical plan, by tlftse
in charge of tho Workmen's Com
pensatlon board.
It Beoms hard to understand that
men should bo compelled to place
themselves under the caro of someone
not of their own choice. It would appear to the casual observer that the
workers nre being made mere pawns
ln tlie hands of thoss who control the
Compensation board.
If these workers at Port Mann are
in any way contributing to, and deriving benefits from, the Compensation
board, they have a rlgnt to every prlv
ilege to be obtained from that institution. If, however, the board is in any
way lending itself to tho furtherance
of the Interest to one or moro doctors
who may be meeting with special
favor in their eyes, it is about time
this sort of nonsense was stopped,
The workers have been made the
playthings of the big interests long
enough. If now, their misfortunes
are being utilized to further the In
terests of one or two doctors, the
workers must see to it that their rep
resentatives at Victoria endeavor to
rectify such an obvious injustice.
of the poople at home?), they will crm-1 al fuss, especially if he happened to
tinue to be looked upon askance by all | bolong   to   the  upper classes of so-
self respecting   citizens.      Mr.
whon will you lace the facts?
ttrpHE prospocts of my election
1 here are excellent and are grw-
ing better every day. I am indeed
well satisfied with tho sltuntlon."
Such is the newsy and encournging
wiro that Mr. Oliver is reportod to
have sent to his secrotary hore from
Nelson, where ho is putting up a fight
for what he apparently consldors hln
rights, for wo doubt If he will get
mnny to fool that lie Is fighting for
their rights.
"Honest John," wc must confess,
hns dropped onormously in our osti
mntion of late. Ho was dofoated and
should have takon his defeat like a
man. But no, it seems that there Is
something behind tho whole thing
other than tho rights of the people.
Why go up to Nelson, to get the voico
of the people, The population there
is small Indeed, and certainly not in
a position to justify thomsolves In
foisting upon us a man as premlor
whom we have only recently rejected
at the coast, and rejected in a most
emphatic manner.  	
It Is all a political gamo in our estimation. No regard, is.being given
to the wishos of the people, In
Bplte of their protest.. The action of the liberals—as thoso
actions appear to us—are such,
In doallng with ■ the--absentee votes
at North Vancouver, to damn
them and their kind for years to
come. Why cannot these pooplo learn
to come out in what wo fool would
be, an open and frank manner, and
say, "If there Is the slightest suggestion of anything being wrong, we will
be only too glad to givo you every op
portunlty to right tho wrong." They
should conduct themselves In such a
mnnnor that thoy would gladly and
fearlessly invite their bitterest onemios
LPINIONS about the state of affairs
in Egytjt and" the Soudan aro
many and various. Those who favor
Britain's imperialistic policy, considet
she ls in the right, naturally. They
maintain that the Soudan is better
governed, though a few sceptics interpret this as meaning, "more thoroughly exploited," under British rule.
Tho other alternatives are that the
Soudan be regarded sb part and parcel
of the Egyptian empire, which would
appear reasonable in view of the fact
that the Egyptians and Soudanese are
moro akin than the British and these
races; or that since Egypt is demanding self-determination, the Soudan
should have the same privilege.
We are told by an eminent authority that the Soudan would be in a
much worse plight were it to be governed by Egypt; but if we are to believe all that comes through about
the Btate of tho wealth-producers, the
natives of the Soudan, nowadays, it is
difficult to imagine a worse plight. It
ls a pity that the general wishes of
the people themselves cannot be more
accurately gauged and acted upon.
If indeed they do not want British
rule, it seems senseless for Britain to
interfere. It would appear better to
let the Soudan and Egypt work out
their own salvation. But, of course,
the case Is more complex than that.
Capital is involved.
Here are a few remarks quoted
from an article by an Egyptian doctor, Hamed Mahmud. After mentioning the case of Zagloul Pasha, the
premier who suffered arrest and exile
without trial or charge, but who,
nevertheless, is, and has been for
years, the acknowledged national
leader, he goes on to speak of the attitude of the masses towards Britain.
He maintains that there is no general
As to the task of the nationalists,
he says: "Political prisoners have
been released, martial law has been
abolished. But we are not yet .free,
British soldiors are still in our capital, in Alexandria and elsewhere, and
British authority Is still strongly represented In our country. Of course,
we realize that a transition from the
old to tho now cannot be effected instantaneously. As far as the Soudan
Is concerned, it presents a peculiar
problem, but not an Insolublo one.
Tho Egyptian attitude Is quite unanimous. We regard Egypt and tho Sou
dan not only as a real geographical
and ethnological unity, but as an oconomic and political unity as well," .
This is confirmed by the report of
the British financial adviser to the.
Egyptian government 'in his 1904 report; "Give it whatever name you
will, tho territory watered by the Nile
and extending from thc mountains of
Abyssinia and from the great lakes to
the Mediterranean, forms on integral
and Indivisable whole. Now that the
science of the engineer has reached
such a high pitch of perfection, the
power which dominates the upper
reaches of the Nile, necessarily controls the water supply of Egypt. Tho
possession of he Soudan is vital to
Egypt, even more vital than that of
Alexandria." ,
Hamed Mahmud denies that the
state of affairs In the Soudan would
become chaotic under an Egyptian
administration. In conclusion, he
says: "If negotiations were immediately opened between our govornmont and that of Britain, a
way out of the difficulty could
be .found—whereby Egyptian rights
and Britlah interests could alike
be secured. It is well, perhaps,
to view the whole problem in tho perspective of history. More than one
civilization has existed in our land
and has made contribution to the sum
total of human knowledge, ... It
may bo, In tho caso of Egypt, that
years of repression have prevented us
in somo moasuro from realizing our
national gonlus so far as recent history ls concerned. . . but with freedom, absolute freedom, three will be
an Egyptian renaissance."
clety. Unfortunately for Wong Sing,
ho is no doubt regarded as one of the
under-dogs who can be treated ad lib.
And in regard to the manner of
his questioning: reporters term it
'grilling.' To question a man for
several hours during the night, thereby reducing him to a highly nervous
state, reminds us rather forcibly of
the days of the Inquisition. But then
he was only a Chinaman; and those
in authority must vent their irritation at their own Incapacity to solve
the mystery on somebody.
THE Vancouver Province of Saturday last had an article advising
the business men to Inaugurate
campaign to educate the orientals to
spend their money here, claiming that
this would not only help trade, but
would settle the oriental question,
If this effects the former purpose,
it deserves to be placed alongside the
ancient operation of extracting blood
from a stone. As a preliminary, we
suggest that persuasion would be
easier if the business element would
help establish a minimum wage at a
white standard. A country with_low-
paid labor is a country with a low
purchasing power. Under such
changed condition, we 'even believe
that the pockets of some of the occidentals could be frisked for a respectable sum.
have often been strongly criticized for daring to raise our
voices in protest against he flag-flapping and sham patriotism so dear to
the heart of the multitude. Once or
twice we have tried to show that the
privileges of living under the British
flag are myths. And now wo wonder
what will be said when we say that
the same applies to life under the
League of Nations—something more
ideal even than the British empire.
We refer particularly to New
Guinea which is under the mandate
of the League of Nations. It will be
recalled that the Germans formerly
governed this colony. Rumor has it
that it was -well governed in those
days. However, the powers that
emerged victorious from the last commercial scrap—we mean the last war
—decided that Germany was not fit
to govern, and that tho allies were.
Some of us wondered nt that in those
days, when we remembered the "crime
of the Congo" perpetrated by the
Belgians, and several other items in
connection with other civilized nations. We do not wonder any more.
We think, and sometimes we rage—
futilely, as yet.
This former German colony has
been turned Into a "hell upon earth"
by the Australian officials. Dr. John
Begley, who has returned to Sydney
had a horrible tale to tell. He spoke
of natives being flogged to death, and
whole villages burned; of a system of
chattel slavery akin to the days of
Uncle Tom's Cabin. Dr. Begley was
appointed medical assistant to the
administration In 1919, but he soon
fell into disrepute because he protested against the treatment of natives,
such as taking them out of the hospital at night and putting them into
the Jails to prevent their escaping.
Tho British army No. 1 field punishment is administered ln some cases,
and there are other and worse forms
of torture too horrible to describe.
If this is the way in which civilized
white people treat the natives, are we
very much to blame if we demand
self-determination for the subject
races? Thoy simply could not govern
themselves worse with all their ignorance than they are boing governed by
outsiders at presont.
assured. The christian teachings must
be such as will stand the acid tost of
honest and intelligent criiclclsm, no
matter from what direction or source
they may originate. We are . quite
convinced that many of theBe teach-;
ings are false and are the product of
the social system under which, we today find ourselves, They must go.
They are a,detriment to Christianity itself, as well as to civilizatiton.
So far as the teachings of evolution are concerned, we are prone to
believe that they aro too firmly established, and too much in accord with
scientific fact to be cast aside for any
religious theory, no matter how beatu.
tifui it may be.
No, the system under which we
are forced to earn our Uvllhood today, ls such as to make the practical
application of Christianity quite Impossible and If our christian friends
would only face the obvious facts that
are everywhere in evidence they would
put their shoulders to the wheel ln an
endeavor to speed the day when the
faith, which they would champion:,
will have an opportunity to function
as it ought, The fulfilment of the instinct of self-preservation is one of
the essentials in this life. No one
will deny that. To fulfil it, however,
men and women aro compelled to do
things that will not bear the light of
truth being shed upon them. Let us
sruggle to bring about the socialistic
state where men and women will be
able to live as christians ought to
live and as everyone else, we might
add, would like to live.
Christianity has nothing to fear, but
tho various teachings, dogmas, and
creeds, will have to face some most
searching criticisms during the coming
years, and we might add, that we feel
that Christianity will in our humble
Judgment be the better off as a result
of It.
welcome to its home (may God evei
pity the unwelcome child), Sucn
conditions do not, they can not exist
in China today. It would appear to
that the knowledge, most essential, if the peoples of China are ever
to enjoy the real joy of living under
proper and tolerable social conditions
Is the knowledge of how to practice
birth control. If the Almighty has
seen flt to cause millions of lives to
be returned to him tn the manner
that he has of late, In China, and will
have during the next few montl^s, as
the result of the famine that will Inevitably follow in the wake of such a
catastrophe as has been here experienced, then we need have little fear
that he will look upon any of us
askance for preventing Innocent little
ones from ever starting on their earthly career. Our missionaries in China
would do well to make themselves acquainted with this essential knowledge, and then spread It. We venture to suggest that they would be
most welcome guests and worthy of
our highest esteem and respect.
Teaching Sex Hygiene to Children—What Some Eminent
Authorities Say
A WIRE was received from Nelson,
hy one of our labor representatives
asking him if lt were true that the labor members-elect were going to support the liberal government, as waB
being rumored there, during the heat
of their by-election.
Is It to be wondered that the liberals
are losing the confidence of the elect-
te'.' It Is to be wondered that Mr,
Oliver chose to go some considerable
distance from home to gain endorsement? Has he come to realize that
he Is too well known In his own constituency?
Any government that allows itself to
be elected by such obviously false
statements, can hardly be considered
a safo or trustworthy government to
carry on the business of tho people.
In their ignorance, they are bringing
about their own downfall and destruction. Our hope ls that its downfall may be complete.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Felt Hats Are the
Reigning Favorites
rpHE FELT HAT is the hat of the moment, according to our reports, and from this collection you
may choose tall that is new and attractive. Smart
shapes in a variety of sizes, from the close fitting
cloche to thc wider mushroom, in shapes that will
harmonize with your autumn costume. Beige,
grey, French blue, cocoa, maroon, black, etc., very
simply trimmed, beautifully tailored.—$6.50,
$8.50 to $10.50.
—Drysdale's Millinery Shop, Second Floor.
675 Granville Street
Phone Seymonr 8640
'N a down-town theatre on Sunday
. night a communist lecturer was
showing how the British Labor party
had failed. Among other things he
stated that they had soothed and
drugged the fighting spirit of the
trade unions in particular. How does
this statement tally with the assertion
last week in a labor contemporary
that the downward trend of wages,
continuing for nearly two years, was
arrested In the spring of 1924 (when
labor took hold). In fact, that flrst
five months of 1924 show a net weekly gain of wage increases over decreases of nearly 12,000,000. Perhaps
the employers are giving it out of
pure benevolence, but we rather think
that because of labor's control over
tho military, that the bosses are not
so inclined to stage spectacular lockouts or enter long drawn-out strikes.
Every  Child Has  Investigation
Period—The Proper Time for
[By "Just Thinking"]
T AST week we compared the hap*
hazard knowledge which the
average child receives with the instruction given at schools like Be
dales. As this question is without
doubt ono of the most important,
we give this week, some of the ideas
of Wilhelm Stekel, a prominent
Viennese authority. He says: "The
sex education of the child must begin with the sex education of the
parents. Neurotic children are the
offspring of unhappy marriages. The
fight continues In the mind of the
poor child. And We have also to
consider the harmful influence of a
cat-and-dog atmosphere. The child
always   has   to   take   sides. . . "
Also there is the well-known danger of exaggerated parental tenderness, but no loss dangerous ls a lack
of love shown to the child, often also
tho result of an unhappy marriage.
About sex education of the child,
considering that the sex life starts
at birth, the only rule I can give is,
how not to do it. There must be
no threats, no air of mystery in
dealing with the question of sex.
As to tho satisfying of natural curiosity, evory child has to learn in a natural way. Each has his investigation
period, expressed by a thousand questions. And this is the proper time to
tell the truth. As to how much knowledge is imparted depends on the tact
and understanding of the parent or
educator.       Too   much   information
Sidelights on a Great
of ind
E NOTED with no small amount
dignation tho way in which
Wong Sing, the Chinese servant in the
house of P. Ij. Baker, where Janet
Smith mot her death, was treated. If
the story was true, then wo considor
those responsible were guilty of confounded chock, to say tho least of It.
We were also surprised at the way
in which the story was reportod, as
though it woro the most natural thing
in tho world. It seems to us that
many people have yet to be convinced
that the Orientals, and indeed, all the
colored races, are human. We have
witnessed several instances which
proved that tho Christian citizens of
Vancouver regard their colored breth
ron as beings decidedly inferior—to
put lt mildly. We are more con
vlnced than over that the white races
havo many tilings to loarn of the so<
callod    inferior    races,    Thoy might
'THERE appears In our correspondence column a letter from the pen
of F. U H„ Ilkeston, Derbyshire, Eng.
In which tho writer accuses The Federatlonist of being out lo destroy
We would hasten to assure the
writer that sueh is far from being so.
Christianity is itself too potent a force
for any publicatlton to ovor think of
being able to destroy let alone ours.
We are prepared to believe that wore
the spirit of Christ: as manifested ln Christ himself some
two thousand , years ago: to
havo an opportunity to live and ex-
presB itself in the lives of ub all, this
world would be a better world by far,
than it is to-day.
We believe, howover, that many
things are tagged on to our so-called
Christianity and that many people are
marching miner its banner that are
far from being any credit to it. There
are all sorts of creeds and Isms. They
all claim to be the one and only one.
To us they alt appear as unnecessary
frills; in fact we cannot help but feel
that they are exceedingly harmful to
the roal cause itsolf. We feol, that if
Christ were tb return to earth to-day
he would feel compelled to repudiate
many of those who claim to be his
Thoso who aro slncero and ardent
followers of Christ and his teachings
need have little fear.     The truth will
evon tako  a lesson  from Chinese or
Hindoo toleranco as far back as the I always survive, of that thoy can rest
fT)HB recent unfortunate catastrophe
that swept ovor certain parts of
China was such as should cause tlio
more serious minded among us to turn
our thoughts towards the origin of
life and what It all really means.'
Whon we see millions of lives likely
to bc snuffed out as a result of that
holocaust ono cannot help but wonder why they over came. To think
that the Almighty simply brought
those human beings to this earth for
a fow short years and then force them
to meet this untimly and cruel death,
seems too revolting, even to our finite
minds, to merit our serious consideration.
Tho Chinese empire has a population of something about 426,000,000,
while its total area Is a little greater
than that of Canada. Over 37,000,000
of its population live in an area about
the size of British Columbia. The
conditions under which these people
must have to live Is quite beyond our
comprehension. When the time arrives that we in Canada nave reached
that stage, doubtless we will be loss
active in our endeavors to promote
immigration and less averse to the
practice of birth control among our
Such catastrophes as these cannut
help but raise, in our minds, the
question of tho right of, and the need
for birth control measures, Why
should children have to be born under such conditions? The unborn
child, at least, knows no pain, nor
suffering nor death. Such a state
has its advantages.
Every child that Is born Into this
world has a right to live ln reason
able comfort;   overy child should be
may stir up tho phantasy of the child
and be the nucleus of a neurosis. . . .
Later in the child's life, he should mix
with other children, moro the better.
And they must be interested. The
art of education means to give children an outlet for their energies.
Early developed sexuality ls not a
iign of degeneration, but a sign of
talent. If such a child is treated
with suppression and threatenings,
he will surely become a neurotic, but
if the educator understands, he will
Interest the child in games that
healthily tire, in work that gives full
scope to the desires for investigation; he will incite creative powers,
develop artistic gifts, give the
thoughts new directions. In short,
he will sublimate without repression.
Parents and others must also beware of giving the children strong
impressions. They should not be
taken to theatres rather than leave
them at-home alone; thoy should not
be told ghost atories or bloodthirsty
stories, and they should not be
spoken to about hell and the punishment of God hereafter.
The question of sex instruction becomes more intricate as the child
grows older, but if the parents are
tho real friends of the children the
latter will not be afraid to seek enlightenment.
Co-education is a means to break
down the partition between the soxes,
but one must be awaro of a contest
of sexes. In conclusion, sex has not
to b© related wltfi sin. I agree with
A. S. Neill that "the    great    draw
back to a frank education on sex
matters is the disgusting fact that
most grown-up people persist in associating sex with sin." Like Neill,
I want to change the phrase, "Born
in sin" into "born into sin."
What about your neighbor's subscription?
Phoni Seymour S354
Have you seen the
EVERY lady wants to know what
the mode demands for the coming
season. 'Famons' has on display many
new arrivals from New Vsrk and
other centres. One special group of
coats embodying some of the smartest
now touches is selling now as low as
ruinous suit co.Ltd.
019-623 Hsstings Street West
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Buildi__|
837 Hastings St. W. VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Telephones; Seymonr 0686 snd 8687
TJAVE you ever had a real drink
" or Puro Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet tho desires of many clients,
to have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider in pint bottles,
eithor pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from aU
cavbonie acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 00.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
SAVING daylight is & big topic at thla
time of tho year. Everyone endoavors
to make the mont of the daylight honrs.
In those modern times, life eaeh day Is
fuller, and each hour must mean far
more than It did yesterday.
Thoro is no better aid to daylight saving than the telophone. Nothing can help
you moro to make each successive hour of
greater value.   *
Whether you telephone one mile or one
hundrod miles It ia all the same to the
telephone. The telephone saves you houra.
It lengthens your day, * giving you time
for many things,
1180 Oeorgia Street
Bunday services, 11 a.m, and 7l80 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning aervice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
901-908 Birks Bldg.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Comparison With Other Groups
Shows Disproportionate Nature of Levies
REVENUE 'received directly from
timber during the financial year
ending March 31st, 1923, benefited
the British Columbia treasury to the
extent of $3,247,000. That is to say,
in one year the raw material of the
forest industries alone contributed
this enormous sum to the running expenses of the Province.
During the same period $2,626,000
income tax was paid by the citizens
of British Columbia, of whom a considerable number are tlmberholders.
It will be noticed that the income tax
is only 77 per cent, of the timber
The question arises, what did the
timberholder get for the three and
quarter million he paid to the
treasury ?
The Department of Mines, according to the Governmont financial re<
port for 1923, received $150,000 and
paid out $235,000. The Department
of Public Works received $111,000
and pai.d out $2,744,000; the Department of Railways received $62,000
and 'paid out $129,000; the Department of Agriculture received ^$31,000
and paid out $437,000. The Department of Lands received $4,000,000, of
which $3,247,000 was revenue from
timber. Of this great sum less than
$700,000 was paid back ln forest protection and the maintenance ot the
forestry offlce.
The case of the British Columbia
timberholder constitutes a unique example of ovor-taxation.
Two facts must be borne in mind.
Timber is only harvested once in a
lifetime and that there Is no surer
way to kill a big competitive industry
than to overburden its raw material
with taxation.
•THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.*•* of branches across Canada, and, its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking eare
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 59 Years
Tills series   or   onirics   communicated   by   tlio   Timbor   Industries
Council of British Columbia,
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting: Printing: of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. FBIDAT. August 22, 1824
British Made
Phone Fair. 5788
617 Eighth Avenue East
Premier MacDonald's Great Victory—Public Opinion Swings
Strongly Towards Labor
The Great Mystery
(Continued from page 1)
O night!   I love the freedom of thy
silent hours
When thought ls severed from the
cares of day,
And   winging   far in swift ethereal
The mind and matter part and soul
and clay:
When strife and stress of daily toil
make pause
And cease their dreary discords to
And I can feel with    deep   ecstatic
That I am still a unit of the universe.
Fair night!   As through the crystal
dusk above
Thy twinkling gems come flashing
into sight,
And light for me the mystio depths
of spaco
And   signal   to   my spirit to take
Then fall to earth my aching bonds
of clay
And   swift    my freed and pulsing
being fills
With love as pure as that great Love
Which    ceaseless    through    those
stellar spaces thrills:
And   earthly   hopes   and   alms   and
pow'r and pelf
Assume   their Just   proportions on
life's scroll,
And dwindling down are seen in their
true worth,
Mere   passing  shades that All and
fret tho soul.
O night!    I love the silence of thy
crystal sky '*
Which wakes in me deep thoughts
I cannot word.
That silence vast by which a truer
In   my   true being is    profoundly
Bless'd night!    I lovo thy .deep and
soothing shades
Thy subtle scents by falling dews
Thy murmurs soft,  the eager sense
When all the discords of the day
are stilled.
And O! When failing senses reol and
And flesh  grows  cold at  near aP'
proach of death
I fain would breathe into thy silence
>,yIn fervent prayer my long-drawn.
parting breath.
Vancouver,   B.C., —NEMESIS.
August, 1924.
If it is in the best interests of the
workers, The Federationist is for it.
If not, it is against it.
Vancouver Unions
Meeti aecond Mondiy In ths month.    Pre-
liident, J. R. White; iecretary, R. H. Keel-
fends. P. 0. Box 66.	
810 Pender St. West—BaslnesB meeting!
a every Wednesday owning. A. Midnnii,
[ chairman; E. H. Morrison, sec-treat.; Geo.
1 D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
LB. 0., corresponding secretary,
f Any district In British Colombia deilrlnf
■Information re securing speakers or the for-
■ ■nation of loeal branchei, kindly commnnloata
with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
1624 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telf
Tphong Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4888-
second Thursday every month In Holdon
Building.   President, J. Brlghtwell; flnanclal
Secretary, H, A. Bowron, 920—llth Avenue
lEaat.          .
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbnllders and Help-
..rs of America, Local 104—Meetings first
land third Mondays in each month in Holden
■Building. President, P. Willis; secretary. A,
■Fraaer.   Office hours, 0 to 11 a.m. and 8 to fi
and third Fridayi ln each month, it MB
ticharda Btreet. Preaident, David CnthlU,
12862 Albert Street; aeoretarytreasorer, Geo.
jCarrison, 1182 Parker Street,
Common People of All Countries
Do Not Want War, bnt
Desire Peace
rro few men there falls the lot that
has fallen to the present premier
of England. Ramsay MacDonald,
only a few years ago hardly dared
to show hfs face in public, without
meeting with insults and derision. In
fact It ls only a short time ago that
this same man was refused to be allowed to resume his active membership In hla old golf club. Surely the
men who are so short-sighted and
positively Ignorant of the march of
events, as to treat a man who had the
courage of his convictions, as had
Ramsay MacDonald at hat time, in
the manner that they did, must certainly feel heartily ashamed of themselves.
When a writer of outstanding ability as is Mr. A. O. Gardiner, and who
is, by the way, no particular (friend
of labor, goes out of hvs way to speak
of "MacDonald's great victory," one
can rest assured that it is a real victory, No doubt from now on, we will
have the privilege of seeing many of
these so-called self-styled gentlemen
trying to justify their joining forces
with labor, for that they will undoubtedly be doing. Many of these
people, when they see that public
opinion is swinging strongly towards
labor policies, will ifeel that they must
be "in the swim" with the rest.
Of course they will all be welcome,
provided they como with the proper
spirit—the spirit that has associated
with it the sincere desire to help
their fellowmen, rather than themselves, as. has been the custom down
through the ages. We are sure that
Premier MacDonald is a big enough
man to forgive them for their past
sins, "for they knew not what they
were doing."
Premier MacDonald's vlotory is the
more striking when one analyzes the
many, many difficulties with which he
waB confronted, In the first place,
he is the leader of a minority government. The opposition have at all
times beon taunting him for not doing
the things that they were determined
that he should not do, and would see
to it that he did not do. Public
opinion is gradually realizing that
such taunts and jeers coming from
th opposition benches are quite uncalled for, and the reaction that is
bound to result in consequence of such
activities on the part of tho opposition
will, result in some startling revelations to the latter, when the results
of the next general electibns are over
In the British Isles.
The opposition forces have had
their day. Lloyd Goorge, in his most
spectacular manner endeavored to
bring about the peace of Europe. He
was a dismal failure. How could he
be otherwise? The tactics that he
followed could lead no where else.
If we want peace we must be willing
to pay the price that it may be necessary (we might add here that peace
is cheap at almost any price, when we
think of the horrors of war and the
falsehoods that seem necessary to be
spread about in order to arouse the
spirit of war). Tho British premier
was not only willing to pay the price
of being absolutetly honest and above-
board—and that is, as a rule, the only
price that is essential to 'pay for peace
—but he had the knowledge regarding
the cause of war. He new the depths
to which the "monied interests" would
go in an endeavor to collect their
"pound of flesh." He knew that the
"common people'' of all countries
were opposed to war. He know that
these people had nothing whatever to
win by war and that they had everything to lose. He had seon the horrors of war and his heart had been
truly touched, and their effects have
not, and we aro suro thot they nover
will, pass off. The only war that we
aro sure that MacDonald will not
shirk, is the war where the rights of
the people are at stake. Then his
enemies may well call out their re-
seem to be life, mind, ether and energy.
The grosser matter of our senses,
which make up our visible world, is
now being proved by our leading physicists to be interchangeable with energy, so that matter and energy may
ere long be regarded as merely varying manifestations of the same thing,
and as these physicists believe that
matter has been evolved from the universal ether lt would perhaps be quite
logical to limit the unseen, eternal
principles to life, mind and ether.
Life and mind In their functioning
have hitherto been limited entirely, in
our estimation, to their association
with the grosser matter of our universe, and we have been unable to
think logically of life and mind existing apart from matter, as we conceive it ln our own bodies and the
bodies of our fellow creatures, both
brute and human.
In our speculations and conclusions,
we have until recently left-out of consideration the ether, and the possible
relation life and mind could have
with it apart from matter.
But we cannot in the light of recent discoveries leave it out any longer
in our speculations. Thfs impalpable,
undemonstrable something, pervading the whole of the cosmos, not mere"
Iy the Interstellar spaces but the molecular spaces of our solid substances,
giving cohesion to all solids and cementing the whole of everything Into
a cohesive oneness, cannot ln our
speculative thought on conscious life,
be left out of consideration.
It seems, then, that mind, life and
matter as we know lt, in association,
have produced conscious life, which
apparently passes into nothingness at
the climax we call death.
But the "hitman organism Is of a dual
nature, physical and mental,' and as
yet we cannot think of our mental
quality existing apart from the physical, but we have not yet considered
seriously what part the omnipresent
ether plays in our conscious mentality which is our real self.
Our bodies will disappear after
death into other forms of matter or
other forms of energy, but the vestige
of conscious mind which we possess
will that pass away at death and dissolve for ever and be lost as an entity in tho vast whole of things?
That forms the greatest and most
enthralling problem which confronts
tho human race to-day.
I assert that it will not be lost; that
our self-conscious entity and mental
existence has nothing to lose and
much to gain by tho shuffling off ot
the mortal coil of grosser matter
which we call flesh.
The process by which life, mind and
matter interact to produce consciousness and thc sensations,
ns yd, an impenetrable mystery; but
it Is possible that the physical sensations such as pain and pleasure, are
produced by the interactions of the
life principle, mind and the grosser
matter of which our senses are cognizant, and the mental and moral sensations, reason, memory, happiness,
etc., by the interactions of the life
principle, mind and the unseeable,
impalpable undemonstrable ether.
If conscious life and love are products oi the grosser matter and if
they cense with the disintegration of
the atoms of which our bodies are
composed, then the whole of creation
and the whole of conscious life would
seem to have no logical meaning.
But if they are the result of the interactions of life, mind and ether, it
is easy to conceive an eternity of individual consciousness with all the
attributes which are associated with
it In our lives here—minus Its evil,
which is caused by selfishness, a product of the grosser matter by reason
of its ceaseless transmutations,
Who shall say that such problems
as the above will have no solution
here on enrth?
When man hns freed hlmslf of his
chains, and the problem of obtaining
sustenance ls not the one absorbing
thought of his life, and he is no longer a mere jobhuntlng animal, but a
being of leisure, with ambition and
timo to faco all problems, much will
happen that to-day ls undreamed of
In our sorrow and slavery.
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationlit, and
no reaponslbllity for the views expressed is accepted by the management]
Fed. Articles Criticized
Editor B, G.    Federatlonist:    The
mail brings along the Federatlonist
regularly and  there are some very
interesting articles in It,   but   I am
sorry to see that it seems to be out
to destroy Christianity.   The articles
on   'Immortality" and "Organic Evolution" in particular seem to be attacks on the christian faith. Evolution is only a theory, and a washed
out  one at    that.   Dr.    Etiheridgfe,
fossiologlst at  the  British museum,
says:   "Nine-tenths  of the    talk    of
evolution ls    sheer    nonsense,    not
founded on observation, and wholly
unsupported by fact.   This   museum
is full.of proof of the utter falsity of
the   theory."   Even  Professor  Hae'
ckel, near the end of his life, said
"I have come to the conclusion that
the doctrine of evolution, particularly
Darwinism, is error,  and cannot be
maintained."       Many    other    great
scholars  have    declared    that    the
whole theory is problematical, suppositional and cannot be proven.   Professor Virchow of Berlin wrote: "The
attempt to flnd transition from animal  to  man  has ended in  failure,
the middle Ilk has never been found,
and  never will   be;", Speakinjg for
myself, after reading the articles, it
strikes me, that they labor to shew
the different stages of development;
but they have never    observed    the
transition   and   never will.   In   the
beginning, God created    all    things,
and appointed them to bring   forth
after their kind, and so they have
done, all down the agos. And the remarkable  thing is that even  when
there does appear a hybrid, they are
sterile and    cannot    propagate   the
species.    Of course,   you  know  that
many  things,   such   as  flowers,   and
fruits, which  are called hybrid are
not really hybrid,  but    are    merely
crosses of the same species and even
they,  if left to    themselves    revert
to the original  type.      It seems to
me that socialism is in league, perhaps  unrealized   by  socialists,   with
the forces of evil and are out to destroy  religion. F. L. H.
Ilkeston, Derby, Eng., Aug. 4, 1924
Pros and Antis—
Debate Vaccination
(Continued from page 1)
of   Steam and   Operating,   Local   882—
Meets every Wedneiday at  8 p.m.,  Boom
BO 8 Holden Bldg.   Preildent, Charles Prioe;
JbnalncsB agent and financial secretary, F. h.
iHont;   recording aeeretary, J. T. Tenn.
UNION, Local 145, A. _. of M.—Meeta In
W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunamulr Stroet,
iecond Sunday at 10 a.m.   President, Harry
Larson, 991 Nelson Street; aeoretary, E. A,
amieaon, 991 Nelaon Streot; financial secre*
air. W. E. Williams, 991   Nelaon   Street;
■Manlier, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelaon Btreet.
r 0.—Meeflng nights, flrst Tuesday and Srd
'rlday of each month at headquarters, 818
lordovft Street West.   President, J>. GUI*-
le: vice-president, John Johnson; seeretary
reasurer, Wra. Donaldaon, address 818 vor*
love Street West.   Branch agent's »"'*"*
Beorge Faulkner, 678 Johnson Street, Vic-
V>rU, B. 0. ____________
|m. on the Tuesday preceding the let Bun-
%y of the month. Vmldent, B., A.* Jsmto-
fan, 991 Nelaoa St.; Seeretary, 0. H. WU-
km*. 991 Nolson St; Business Agent, W,
■etcher, 991 Nelaon St.
Ident, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-president. J,
1 Bryan; secretary-*""0!1". R. H. flee-
fed" P 6. Box 68.' Meets laat Sanday of
Leh month at 2 p.m. In Holden Balldinf, 18
fastinga Street Eaat, 	
TUNION,  No. 4IB—President,
t    Oonecrrilng  Education
Editor B. C. Federationist I Allow
mo to congratulate you on the excellence of your paper. I have been
reading the Fed. for quite a number of years, but recently the little
sheet has becomo more interesting
than ever. The articles are more of
an education to the working.classes
than evor nnd the propaganda contained in the paper at the present
time Ik sure going to educate the
masses and bring before them the
evils of the existing system. I am
interested in the articles by Angus
course, is MC].nness and while I agree with
him that many of the vexed questions
present existing in the school
system could be materially improved,
yet, I would like him to compare thc
education and facilities of the present generation to those ^existing when
he was a boy. What * kind of i
school system was In force then'
Or is not our school system in Can
ada far superior to any in thc older
countries-—even in England or France
nnd Belgium? In Turkey, only 1 in 24
of the population yet attends school
and Illiteracy is so prevalent that
even the apparently "well-to-do have
no hesitancy In advertising their inability to write a simple business
Does not tho prosent education of a
child mako it flt to go out In the
world and earn a decent living In
competition with anyone? Then
again, the child is not only taught
tho rudiments of rendin', 'ritln' and
'rithmetic, but facilities nro given
him or her to have the basis of a
trado which I think was impossible
in his dny. Many a good housewife
has been taught how to prepare foi
husband and family meals of which
the girl of twenty or so years ago
had not the slightest .conception.
Let's improve tho school system by
nil means but also 1st us give credit
whore credit Is due,
As a real labor paper—one that
looks at labor from a point of viow
that unionism Ih not the only aspect
of a labor paper—1 think The Fed.
Is the best yet, and may success attond its efforts. J. GREEN.
Grand  Forks,  B.C.,  Aug.   IB,  1924.
8   D. Mao-
■> 0 Box 689.   "-1" '"* mk—'*"* n# aaA
Meets last Thursday of eaoh
Wo sometimes forget that his influence has been felt far afield. It was,
nw doubt, through his influence, his
earnestness and tactfulness that the
present government in France reached its present position, and retained
Its position, as it has. Not only that,
but the present German government
owes much of Its (present success to
MacDonald's foresight.
No more can the Jib that Winston
Churchill was so fond of, have any
sting. To say that "labor ls not flt to
govern" these days, would be the
most effective weapon that could be
used by the opposition lf they wished
to bring about their own defeat
Labor Is flt to govern. She fs human
in her outlook, and with such an outlook we can rest assured that she
cannot $o far astray. Some technical
errors or omissions she Is bound to
make. The opposition forces have
certainly not been free from such.
They aro the last who should cast the.
first stone at one who may have sinned
Labor does not want war. Sho
wants peace. Most people do. If they
I don't, we immediately wonder if they
are to be In tho firing line or safe
at home. Labor wants overy man and
woman and innocent child to have tho
opportunity to live in peace and comfort and happiness. Will the opposition forces deny that that is their objective? Labor says that the present
competitive economic system is a failure and that human "misery, degradation, and needless suffering is resulting therefrom. Dare our opponents
deny that charge? Are they so blind
that they cannot see such a state of
affairs everywhere about them? If
they are, we do not want them in
charge, If not, then they must have
hearts of hardened steel; they must
have lost all the finer feelings that go
to make life worth while, and lf that
ls so, w,e must not allow them to gov
ern us any more.
The government that Is ultimately
going to survive, no matter in what
corner of this old world we might care
to go, fs tho governmont that takes
into consideration, and makes Its
prime consideration, tho needs of human kind. Wo believe that that form
of govornment fs tho Ideal, and objective of labor, tho world over. Let
us, oach and evory one, who claim to
bo its ardent followers and advocates,
rise to the occasion and acquit our-
solvos like men worthy of tho task
that is ours.
ary Infection which could have been
avoided. Every doctor hears lurid
tales of arms being lost, and paralysis caused by vaccination. But curiously enough he never sees tbe cases
—the thousands of men vaccinated
here during the war all recovered
nicely, none' died, none were more
than temporarily incapacited, and
some had pretty sore arms.
Most of the cases quoted do not
exist, and it is pretty safe to assert
that in every one of them the cause
has not been vaccination, but some
other condition, not due to vaccination.
4. Vaccine Is "filth." The preparation is done as follows: Healthy
calves are selected, carefully tested
for tuberculosis and thoroughly examined. They are inoculated from
current "seed" lymph. When the
lymph haa been collected from the
calves, these are killed, and their
carcasses are carefully examined by a
competent surgeon. If any disease
is shown the lymph is destroyed.
The lymph is treated with glycerine
and carefully examined at intervals
for other germs, and kept in cold
This Is done at the Connaught
Laboratories in Toronto, where we
get our lymph, and elsewhere.
The lymph is put in tubes, sealed
at both ends, and put up with Individual needles Jn a sterile package. I
Ask your doctor to show you howl
carefuly it is packed, and how clean i
it is.
You take more filth into your
mouth every day, from a hundred
sources, than you ever get from vaccine.
The vaccine is free from other
micro-organisms; this partly answers
the next objection.
5. Other diseases are transmitted
—e.g., syphilis and tuberculosis. This
is absolutely untrue at present. If
vaccination is done by a clean per
son, with ordinary precautions, It ls
quite Impossible.
There has been a good deal of non-
sense talked about this. Vaccine
Is said to givo syphilis, and Abrams, j
the wizard of San Francisco, ls reported ho have said that vaccine contained bovine syphilis, whatever that
may have meant to him.
The germ of syphilis is a well-
known germ. We have certain definite, positive tests for syphilis. We
can tell positively if the germ or its
poison is circulating in the blood.
Vaccine is perfectly free from the
germ, and free also of tuberculosis,
whose germ is also well-known nnd
easily recognized.
The fear of carying other disea'ses
comes from the days of arm to arm
vaccination, when undoubtedly infection could bc, and no doubt often
was, carried.
To-day we state positively that
there is no such danger.
Lastly, ns regards the medical
profession. We state, without fear
of contradiction, that 99% of the
profession in Canada at least, ls ab'
solutely agreed thet vaccination is
necessary, is efficacious, Is harmless,
and should be universally used,
We question very much if a single
medical man of ami nance in thc pro
fession could bo found to state othor
wise. As regards tho United States
of America, whence most of the
propaganda cotinos, we cannot say.
But thoro aro so many graduates of
so many schools of so many grades
of excellence that no doubt M.D,'a cun
be found to support any craze.
Thc accusation that the object of
medical men In supporting vaccination is to give themselves more work
is too absurd to merit serious consideration.- Wo nre all convinced
that vaccination prevents smallpox.
If thnt is so, wo arc doing ourselves
out of a lot of work. Vaccination
is always available without Cost.
This is laid down by ihe government, and free clinics must bo
maintained,  according to  law.
We believo that tho public will
treat this suggestion with the contempt that ll deserves, The medical
profession does not need to defend
Itself In this regard, and au accusation like this only shows tho typo
of mind possessed by the person Who
maken  it.
As a matter of fact, It is not the
medical profession lhat chiefly urges
the necessity of vaccination. It Is
Boards of Health, governmental
bodies and largo insurance organizations. Ono of tho largest insur'
ance companies in tho world spends
thousand of dollars yearly urging lti
policyholders, and tho public goner
ally to he vaccinated, and have tlieir
children vaccinated. They havo col
lecled statistics which prove to thoir
satisfaction that, as a matter of
cold business, vaccination Haven and
prolongs life, and therefore they nd
VOCate It. Their object Is to do the
doctors out of work, and in this they
have the hearty support pf the modical  profession.
To sum up: It Is tho almost unanimous  opinion   of all   medical   mon,
Furniture and
-with every piece of furniture in the store selling
at a 10 to 35 per cent, saving.
Whether you need a single piece, suite, or furniture for home complete,
Psychology Simplified — Individualistic Interests at War with
Needs of Social Group
At tho Oipheimi
From its vast treasuro house,
Orpheum circuit vaudeville has
drawn some of ltn oholcoat gems and
combined thom into a programme of
mirth molctly and dance, booking
them to open iu Vancouvor next
Thursday matinee and continuo twice
daily for tho balance of the week.
Misses Nellie and Sara Kouns, concert
sdpranOH. will head tho bill in a short
recital from their famous duet repertoire. Thoy arc assured of o
warm welcome, having just returned
from a concert tour in Kurope. Irt
duets they are perfectly synchrbnized
and the keenest ears fail to detect
the slightest differenco in phrnse or
tone.    Eddie Nelson is a westerner,
bright, gay and breezy, and in his
traffic skit ho brings    "Dolly"    and
"Officer Byrom," formerly of tho New
York police.    Then thero   is   Edith
Clasper. daintiest of dancers, assisted
by  Paul   Yocan  and   Talbot Kenny.
They offer a beautiful and remarkable act undor the namo of '"Variety."
In "Thc Sheik of '61" Va] Harris and
Vera Griffin provide an avalanche of
good fun,   interpolated    with    some
songs.    Mr, Harris Is a talented rube
comedian.    Maria Lo also offers her
latest    novelty,    "Tableaux    Petite." j    put a ono-cont stamp on this paper
Camilla's Birds prsent now novelties | and mail it lo a friend.
Boundless Energy of the Young
Must Be Utilized and Turned
into Useful Channels
[By a Psychologist]
'THIS instinct is shown by many of
A the animals, causing them to live
in herds or flocks, and it is a very
conspicuous feature of ■ human life,
Very few people are happy whon
living alone and one of tho ancient
philosophers says that "he who prefers solicitude is either a god or a
Few peoplo find It possiblo to enjoy, for instance, benuiiful scenery
or a good book or a clever play unless they are sharing the plcasuro
wilh others. It ls this Instinct then
which maken the father of a family
Interrupt everyone else in tbeir reading when ho himself comes across n
particularly exciting politieal yarn ln
his dally paer. It is an annoying
Habit, but it is a vory natural unc.
The strength of the gregarious instinct in a person may be inferred
from tho effects of severnl common
forms of punishment, ranging from
being sent to bed as a child to mod
itate on misdeeds, to tho state punishment  fpf  solitary  confinement
All this obviously Implies that the
gregarious instinct can bo utilized.
In fact, under propor educational
treatment it becomes that force whieh
makes socialisation possible. At first
the child displays all thoee tendon-
clew with which our adult life under
Uie present system abounds. Tlie individualistic interests are at war
With the needs of the social group.
The  child  should  bo encouraged  to
and all scientific mon of eminence,
that vaccination, properly dono is
harmless, safe, and an almost certain
preventative of smallpox; that Its
use, ns shown by tho figures com
piled In every country whero it has
been used, over a period of more
thun a hundrod years, has resulted
In the wiving of countless lives, nnd
can bo depended on to keop us free
of a diseaso which has boon one of
tho greatest scourges that ever ex
work and play with other children;
he shoul be taught to use things in
common, rather than to regard them
ns his own. Howevor, It is not possiblo that the Impulses of gregarious _.
Instinct work smoothly until education hns proceeded so far that sympathy, altruistic behaviour and cooperation ahow themselves. This is
also a question of timo and It is not
until adoloscense is renchod that
ohildren are ablo to form themselves
into socinl groups, such ae clubs or
teams where the individual forgets
himself in the interest of the group.
Clubs and organizations are very
good for children at this stage. In
addition to providing tho social training Indicated, they often suggest and
help on useful hobbies, or thoy lead
to open-air pursuits. Generally they
increaso knowledge.
There havo bcen complaints In the
city about hooliganism amongst the
younger element: If we adults put
ourselves ln the place of thoose boys
and girls, wo shall realize that there
Is nothing more delightful than hooliganism in thin world of monotony
from which nil the old adventure In
gone. How unreasonable wo nro to
these children. Wo let thom take
their fill of the romantic past. We
know that is natural; They rend
thrilling adventures, exciting exploits
and history of the race In its infancy.
But they do more than read. Thoy
live them. Who has not Heen a boy
living again In the time of Robin
Hood, imagining himself that bold
outlaw nnd his school-follows. Robin's
merry men, and his surroundings tho
happy greenwood ?
The gregarious Instinct is responsibly for (his hooliganism of which
tho respectable but unsympathetic
citizens complain. And boredom
and repression and strict discipline
are responsible for (ho rest. Tho
boundless energy of the young has
to bc utilized and turned Into useful
channels, otherwise it will result in
antt'floclal behaviour. Many of our
boys nnd girls have no home life,
bonce they find satisfaction for their
social cravings in the streets. .School
Influence (of the right kind) should
bo utilized; flubs, play-centres and
societies should be formed under
trained instruct ors. Expense? Yes,
but an expense thai repays a thousand times, hot us but uso a littlo
of those vast sums which nro ex-
ponded on tho pursuit of our ruinous Immigration policy or our horrl-
blo war preparations and civilization
will  make rapid  progress.
(To  be  continued).
Address Box *!, Foderationist offlco.
*■    co
in a blnck and white study which will
Interost nnd amuse everybody, The
Dixie Four nro versatile boys, eaoh
a singer nnd dancer of merit, an acquisition to the splondld bill which
also Includes the usual picture al-
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•* McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399 PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year. No. 34 ^gTgTgg COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanooptto. a a
Sprott-Shaw Schools
Early enrollment means early preparation.
Our standards are high, hence the success ot our students Is great.
COK. MAIN ami loth AVE Pair. 41
TOWER BLDG., PENDER ST11E1_T Soy.  7*151
R. J. SPROTT, B.A., Mgr.
i .... . .in i
ATTEMPT  to   talk to Mars futile!♦practiced by those who profess, ana lt
Corporation of Point Grey
Phone Kerrisdale 91
to be held in Council Chamber, Municipal Hall,
Kerrisdale, B. C, on TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER
2,1924, at 10 a.m.
Costs can be avoided by immediate payment of arrears.
For'Hst of properties to be offered send stamped addressed
W. A. SHEPPABD, Collector.
"Belle of the Boulevards"
One Hour Ileal' Show,       Two Hottife Best Pictures
Electric Washing Machine, Piano nnd Automobile will follow.
ADMISSION:   10c, 15c. and 25c.
Children Love Music
START them to play now. Ro-
momber the music student of today mny bo tho eminent pisnlBt nf
the futuro. A good piano is tho first
essential to success.
Beautifully finished in polished Mahogany, Satin Mahogany and Quarter
Cut Fumed Oak.
Oa Easy Terms Without Interest.
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Con!
Our expenses are small
and so are our profits.
Basket   Ball    Shoes   for   Boys
and Men; with suction soles.
 $2.50 and $2-35
Brown Canvas Boots for Boys
and   Men; with   leather sole,
heel and toe cap, at
 $1.95, 52.25 and $2.50'
Come In and see our prices on
Men's Shoes, either flne or for
Men's   Bib   Overalls, black   or
stripe  $1.75
Men's   Blue   Chambray Shirts,
Pig Skin Work Gloves; regular
$1.25   $1.00
Men's   Khaki   Coveralls, 34 to
42     $S.25
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys* Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th annuel
Phone, Fairmont 14
■^Vwe are mighty glad. We have
enough things here to talk about;
that are of such vital importance that
we can hardly see how we would have
time to talk to Mars and at the same
Mme Ao justice to ourselves. Perhaps
Mars is fully aware of our state of
affairs down here, and don't want to
get mixed up in our politics. Personally, we think that they are wise.
No doubt "Honest John" would like
us to turn our attention to Mars for
a little time, until he got things "put
ovor," up at Nelson.
* *      *
Auction sale of men staged! Unemployed men in Sydney, Australia,
adopt this means of alleviating the
unemployed situation, Think ot it!
Can wc blamo Mars for standing aloof
from such a world? Imagine such
a stato of affairs in a co-called civilized country as Australia. To think
that men and women are born into
this world, without even being con-
Kiillod about it, and when they look
about for the necessities of life they
nre denied them, is most astounding.
If we were" only givon tlie .privilege
of going back if we did not Uke conditions that we found when wo got
here, things wouldn't be so bad.
* *      *
We wonder lf the mayor, whon he
comes back from the unemployed conference at Ottawa, will have any such
suggestion to offer, as was adopted by
these men at Sydney. The government that 'persists in ignoring the
primitive instinct in man, that of self,
preservation, and expects to survive,
cannot claim to have many men tA intelligence among their numbers. We
do not claim that the problom ot unemployment can be solved in a day
even under the most favorable circumstances, let alone when we havo the
monied interests opposed, at all times,
to any humane action towards these
unfortunates, but we do claim that
this problem should have thier most
earnest, sincere and intelligent consideration.    Nothing less will dq.
* »      •
"Romantic insanity" is the term
given to tho affection which is said
to afflfct the brain of "Kid." McCoy.
Such twaddlel We are inclined to
think that some reporter had a
"brain wave" when he sent out that
report. If not, then some psychologist
must have his brain warped rather
badly owing to some urgent economic
necessity pressing down upon him.
The study of the science of the mind
is deserving of some very earnest
study on the ipart of us all. ■ It is
one of the most vital Btudles that we
can undertake, and we must not be
discouraged because, what would appear to us to be, undeveloped or mercenary types of mind have chosen to
exploit the field of psychology for
their own personal aggrandisement
rather than to discover the great
truths that really underlie that of
discourages him. . Some of our professing christians would be doing their
own churches a very good turn if they
would only get out of them. Their
examples are bad,, we fear.
• *      *
They report that Seattle has enjoyed a great boom in building and
general business. We happen to have
information to' the effect that there
aro several men there for every job
that is available. These booms are
funny things. One hardly knows when
thoy are present. Our daily preai has
been telling us for some time that
Vancouver was in for an era of prosperity; we suppose that means some
sort of a boom, but we fail to see.
Of course the elevator men may believe it, and those who may be making
the odd doliar out of the tourist but
the average man and woman fails to
seo it "anywhere. We are incllnod to
think that "them days is gone forever."
* *      #
The daily press tells us that tho
Soviet government in Russia Is going
to, or has Issued orders to their press
not to give out any nows regarding
what Is threatening to be a very poor
harvest. Now, we do not just feel
that the reports that we are getting
about our own crops in Canada, from
our own daily press, is altogether enlightening. If it comes no more nearly the truth about the crops than It
does about conditions in Russia mcfst
of the time, wo will bo about as much
In the dark about conditions here as
we are about them in Russia. One
day they say they need harvesters.
The next day they say they have
enough. It is a caso of taking your
choice, which ever is tho most pleasing to you.
FRIDAY I AugUBt 22, 1984
Government in Power in Great
Britain Is Labor and Not
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hustings Street East        2—STORES—2        655 Oranvllle Street
Bey. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1301
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby;
Price $400
Terms—$5*4.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
Eastman party camps out In the
wilds. Now that is a startling bit of
nows. Mr. Eastman certainly does
not need to. He has a most wonderful
holne in Rochester, N.Y. We understand—of course we may be wrong,
but the information seemed so likely
a story, that we are inclined to believe it—that our friend Mr. Eastman raised the prices of his kodak
materials some 26% before or after he
left. Now, if that is so, then he can
no doubt rest in peace and comfort
knowing that he is not going behind
too much during his "absence from
business." A lot of us would like to
go camping under just such circumstances. Of course, he might say it
was a sin—having been intimately associated with the church In Rochester
—but it is a sin, nevertheless, that
we would not mind being punished"
for in the same manner that he would
appear to have been punished.
* * *
Some of our landlords in Vancouver,
we feel, com under the same class.
They squeeze some poor devil for their
rent when they know full well that
their tenant's wife and family are on
the verge of starvation. They simply
must have their pound of flesh, too.
Hojv in the name of all that is holy
and sacred can men justify their association with our christian churches
and yet pull off such despicable acts,
No wonder that the average worker
Is getting fed up with many of our so-
called professing christians. No doubt
ho believes in true Christianity, but
ho fails to see such prlnclpls being
Lansdowne Park
(Lulu Iiland)
BAtt OR SHltoE
Special trains from Davie tnd Seymour Street., via a 0 Electric, direct
to coune. Beven mllei south of Van*
couver.   Paved highway all the way.
West Coast Jockey Olub
Telophone Sey. 21S1
Royal Court Smiles Sweetly on
Labor Leader's Daughters-
Imperialism Is Safe
[Mrs.   C.   Lorimer]
MISSES Peggie and   Doris   Thomas,
the'two daughters of Mr. J. H.
Thomas,   labor  member   and   secretary  for  the  colonies,   were  among
the debutantes presented to the King
nnd Queen at a recent court.     "I am
naturally   very   proud,"     said     Miss
Teggie Thomas "to    have    been    at
court and proud to be in apposition
io go.   I made my curtesy to the king
and then moved along to   curtesy   to
the queen who smiled sweetly at me."
Now what made lt possible for the
Mlssjs  Thomas  to   bo   presented  at
court?   To  quoto    James    Maxton,
labor M.P., speaking in tho house of
commons, after the general election,
"I am not to betray the people who
sent me here, I have been sent to
this house to represent the workers
and  to   voice  their   protest   against
the miseries they are compelled  to
endure under the    present    system.
I cannot forget that tens of thousands
of women of tlie working class turn*
ed out in their rags and voted for
the  labor    government    and    many
more would hrtVe gone to the polls,
but they had no clothing to protect
them  from the  elements."
And again, Magistrate J. P. Doll
an, writing In the Glasgow Forward
"Can I forget the terrible poverty
that exists in this christian city of
Glasgow. Tho eviction courts are
usually attended by WQtnln. ■ Tho
men shirk the ordeal and send the
women to suiter the misery of plead
Ing for mercy. .The women are
mostly mothers of young children,
|h. ti> r.f them carrying babies in their
arms; now and then can be seen an
old granny who has to undergo the
pain of an eviction trial."
"Property has no respect for s«x
or ago. Tho women show fear In
their eyes. Occasionally a woman
faints under the spell of terror. Their
cases are called by number, and are
rushed through like printing tickets
by machinery. Little br no attention
Is given to the woman's defence.
Tho aim of the court is to get
through one hundred cases an hour.
That Is how Justice Is administered
ln Great Britain."
It was the poverty working class
who sent the labor party to offlce,
not for the purpose of giving labor
leaders' daughters a chance to take
part in the flim-flam of high society,:
but to register their protest against
the Indignities that ate practice upon the Workera and to   use   every
" > ■ I I I I ■ i ■!■■■. , | . , , , j |
TWMt WEB* wo shall
publish an article by
Wiokham Steed, editor 01
Revitw of Reviews (British),
on "raidim." The murder
of Signor Katttofti, at Rome,
Italy, has focused the attention of the thinking world on
this form of reaction. We
would therefore ask our
readers to give as muoh publicity as they ean to our
next issue.
effort to bring relief from the frightful conditions of their lives.
Our safety first socialists talk
about extremists, but we suffer most
from "fakirs."* Extremists, _o-oa.ll-
ed, are generally that ^section of
class-conscious' workers who are
carrying the heaviest burden under
capitalism. They are compelled to
live in the filth and mire of the
present system, and have at all times
to take an agresslve Btand or otherwise go under.
The writer has read the old fairytale about the ladder that reached the
heavens. It is no fairy-tale that tho
steps of the labor ladder that has
reached the king's court is tho backs
of the suffering masses. There ' is
nothing in common between the
women who are attending royal
courts and those summoned through
poverty to appear before the police
and eviction courts. It Is the two
extremes of society and tho ono ls
a. product of the othor
Thero are a goodly number of
fakirs in all labor parties; so many
omce seekers and humbugs will
adopt tho name of labor when they
do not have the moral courage to
be classed as socialists. And Just so
long as the Thomas type gets re-!
turned to ofllce. Just so long will the
misery of the workers endure.
Tho war killed Keir Hardie, but,
had he survived that ordeal, the behavior of some members of the labor
government would surely have broken his heart. I cannot picture hiin
dressed in silk breeches and his
daughter in court train at the expense of tlie ragged workers,*
However,' we have a labor not a
socialist government In Great Britain.
The royal court smiles sweetly on
labor leader's daughters, because
through their efforts imperialism is
quite sate, but then "Nero fiddled
while Rome burned."
Mrs. Barnard
Room 12, Fairfield Building
Cor. Oranvllle and Fender
Sts., Vancouver, B.C.
Wo have a now cloth called Duoo, mado into loggers'
Shirts and Pants; made the same as Rainteat.   The •
manufacturers claim it is superior to Raintest, in .
that it will shed all the water and is still porous.
SHIRTS  $6.50
PANTS  $5.50     ;,::?...
LONG COATS   $7.50
SUITS  $7.50
SUITS    $6.50
All kinds in stock, from the sandal to hip boots.
All guaranteed.
BLANKETS from, per pair $3.00      -
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
Branch:  412 Hastings Street West
Your friends might be glad to subscribe for The Federationist if you
asked them.   Try. k
If you havo an idea that you think
will bene tit Labor, lot us have it.
Wo'll spread it.
Lot'33 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Ask for CATTO'S.    For —le nt all Government Liquor Stores
Tbls advertisement ls not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Government of British Columbia
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the U*.«aliment of
British Columbia. .


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