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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 14, 1919

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Array Tl
Mayor Caused Trouble With
Talk of Bolshevist
Strike Will Make A. F. of L.
Step lively Is
(Speeial to tht Federattoaist)
The sympathetic part of tha general
atrike in Seattle doted on Tuesday at
noon, when all unlona'except thoae employed In the shipyards returned to the
different occupations. Thia deeiaion
waa reached aftor. a long conference
beginning on Saturday afternoon. Dele-
Stes representing tho one hundred and
irty local unions in conference, lato
on Saturday night announced that they
had been unable to reach a decision
after twelve hours' (UmumIoi.
Threats of Martial* Law
Threats of martial law wcro made by
the mayor, and stories sent out by this
official that he waa crushing out a
Bolshevist revolution Influenced .the
, delegates to want to continue the tie-
up. The failure of the committee In
reach an agreemont: caused some misunderstandings, and some locals were
prepared to resume work on Monday.
Ordered to Beturn Tuesday  .
The committee met on Monday, and
ordered all locals to stay* out until
Tuesday noon, and all organizations to
return to work together, at that time.
The oxecutivo of the street car men
refused to call thoir men off thc second time, whilo tho men barbors continued to work, and the lady barbers—
a new. union—continued on strike. Because the theatrical employeos refused
to roturn to work on Monday night,
the Greater Thoatre Company, von
Horbord, treasurer of the oompany, and
who was suspected of boing a pro-Gorman lost summer, lockod out tho union
men from four show houses. A few
employers discriminated against the
union men, and say they will run open
shops. Tho unions, however, oxpeot to
get a satisfactory settlement. Meantime the shipyard workora are still
standing pat and continuing tho striko.
Before Central Body
Beporting to the Central Labor Couneil Wedneaday night, Bea Nauman,
chairman Of *the council's striko committeo, charged Mayor Ole Hanson
with being tho causo of prolonging the
general strike of all local unions and
statod, that had tho mayor not tried
so hard to make it appear that revolution had broken out in tho city, the
striko would have onded last Saturday
night instoad of at noon Tuosday.
Among othor things Niiumnu in a quiot
and dispassionate manner said: "We
woro out soven days. Thoro wcro 60,-
OOO of us on striko nnd thero wasn't
oven a flst flght. Crodit fer tho good
order was due to tho fact that Organised Labor knows how to behave itself
and the fact that wo had a polico forco
of our awn, which used nothing but
Mayor Oanw of Trouble
"Trouble in the itrike waa due to tho
intrusion of the mayor. He made several promises and did not keep any of
them. He eame ta tho meeting of the
oommitteo and premised that if the
oommlttee would permit the lighting
-department and the water department
to ma, ho wouldn't attompt to run the
street cars. That was agreed to and
the mayor broke his promiBo without
any explanation. He attempted to call
off the strike at noon on Friday and
said if we didn't do it he would declare martial law. We didn't declare
the etrlke off and Olo didn't declare
martial law. Finally, he made many of
tho members of the committoe so mad
we couldn't any of us declare it off
"Wo did something in this strike
whieh ttt never been dono before by
the A. F. of L. We pulled off a gen-
eral strike with craft unions, with iron*
clad contracts, which had to bo broken,
and with a constitution whioh hnd to
be ignored.
"I believo that out of this striko is
going to eome ono of the best Labor
movements the world has ever seen.
This strike haa shown that the A. F. of
L. has got to step up a little, and as
for tho other fellow, referring to tha
I. W. W,, he ts so far ahead he'll have
to step baok a Uttle. The A. F. of L.
will have to be recoastructcd, and when
thoy do it I believe they'll bo glad to
havo the asalstanoe of Seattle.''
Amalgamation of AU Locals In One
District Council Was
'..  Supported
Local 017, Carpenters, hold its regular meeting on Monday-evening, having a fairly good attendance.
The evont of the evening was tho
straight talk on "Tho Functions of a
Trado Union," by Bro. Dave Boos, and
judging by tho attention givon him,
during the short time at hia disposal,
Local (117 will sure look forward to another visit from the speaker, when we
hopo to givo him the whole evening.
Tho movement to amalgamate all
locals of Carpenters, (both ship and
construction) under one District Council, is proceeding satisfactorily, and n
special meeting is boing called to take
a roforondum vote on this mattor. Tlio
call to the B. C. Federation of Xabor
convontion was laid over till,tho special
moeting, to bo held on Monday, Fob.
24th, whon delegates will be elected.
All members are asked to attend on
thta night, as the local wishes a repre*
scntatlve gathering.
One now member was initiated.
After various matters of routine business wen attended to, tho meeting ad*
journed at 10 p. m,  ,
Labor the World \x Muat
Take the Intern* %al
Position  'x\Ste.
The Dominion Hall was  agi
rendezvous of the   Fodorated
Party on Sunday evening, tho
on this occasion being J.   S.
worth, while B. P. Pettipiece occupied
tha chair.
The speaker proposed to direct attention to affaire right here In* Canada,
where, he said, "we are going to face
a very serious situation before many
months are over)" and he chose the
alien situation, in particular, as hia
He recognized that the subject was
not altogether a "safe" ono to discuss, but saia that they were not alwaya looking for "safe" subjects to
deal with from that platform. With
the holp of a large chart, he-pointed
out that during the 14 years immediately preceding tho war, 2,006,022 immigrants had entered Canada, of whom
only 1,110,8112 were from Britain. A
slightly lurgor number were from the
Unitod States, of variouB nationalities.
The remaining third (approximately)
were "foreigners" from varloua countries of Europe and Asia. Aa a net
rosult, only about one-half of Canada's
population waa of British origin. With
another chart, which he likened* to a
"orasy-patchwork quilt," he showed
how a large district in Saskatchewan
was divided up among people of 16
different nationalities — Bukowinians,
Galioians, otc.,—with hardly nny English-speaking pooplo at all.
The cry, "Deport the aliens," he
suggested, was deliberately got up to
act as a red herring drawn across the
trail; and he did not think tho Labor
Party was going to fall for it. Thnt
politicians were putting up a "straw
man" to be hit, so as to save their own
hides. The Dominion of Canada had
spent hundreds of thousands of dollara
all ovor Europe to get those people to
como hero and build up tho country,
beeause thoy were "considered to be
cheaper." Thoy hnd &u_ our rowers,
built our railroads, and taken the ore
out of tho minos. If we were going to
hit anybody, hit tho> people—(a voice
in tho audience—"who"brought 'em
Tho Germans in Canada were largely
Monnonites, whoso ancestors had left
Gormany 150 years ago to escape militarism. Thoy opposed the Kaiser 150
yeais beforo we* did. Tho speaker had
seen tho Kaisor riding   •    ■ •    -
...in England In company with tho late King
Edward, the Duke of Connaught, and
tho'Duchess of Marlborough, foted
oyorywhere they went) on the other
hum! tho Monnonitos had "got siek of
him nnd his kind" 150 yoars boforo.
(Applause.)  -
Tho othor alions—Poles, Ukrainians,
Hungarians, Bohemians, Bussians,
Greoks, ''Italians, Japanoso, Chinese,
Uimlus—had all boon extolled in tho
press as our allies and lighters for
freodom. If ovory ono of fhemi was
deported, it wouldn't sottlo one of our
soeial problems—not onel (Applause.)
Moreover, tho proposal was utterly impracticable, and there was "not a politician that dares touch this thing." It
was all nonsense—it was a crime!
Tho true policy was to insist that all
workers, whether aliens or not, should
receive enough for their work te
enable them and their families to live
in decency. It might be necessary to
tako tho foreigners right Into tko
unions, and thus maintain * decent
standard of living. Ho was "not
afraid to oompete with tho foreigner
on caual terms." Taking them Into
the unions might bo one of tho most
effective ways of keoping them from
Capitalism hod overruled national
boundaries, and labor must bo inter
national too.   (Applause.)
"If a man is a man,, it doesn't so
much matter undor what particular
flag ho was born, or what .color he may
bo."    (Bonowed applause.)
Numerous questions were, us usual,
propounded by members *of the audi*
oneo, Indicating not so much opposition
to' the speaker as a desiro to go furthor
still and '"make a botter job of it.'"
One raised a 'doubt as to tho efficacy
of a minimum wage law, with the attendant possibility of secrot contracts
by which it might bo .nullified. Thc
speaker said it would be comparatively
easy to enforce such a law, but "somo
of us look for somo other solution in
the near future." (Hear, hoar.) Unemployment also was to ho obviated
by "fundamental changes in tho sys<
Notice is hereby given
that the annual general
meeting of the Vancouver Labor Temple Company, United, mfl be
held in Room 301, Labor
Temple, corner Homer
and Dunsmuir streets,
on Tuesday, February
18th, 1919, at 8 o'clock
in the evening, for the
purpose of receiving the
report of the auditors
and the election of such
directors as retire by
Call Is Issued for Federated
Labor Party Convention
March 21st
Socrotary Trotter of the Federated
Labor Party has issued the call for
tho first annual eonvention.   Tho call
is as follows:
"To tho Membership of
"The Federated Labor Party.
"Comrades:—The first convontion of
the Federated Labor Party will be hold
at headquarters, 510 Dominion Building, Vancouvor, beginning at 10 a.m.
Thuraday, March 21.
"It is now twelve months sinco tho
pnrty was launched nt an informal
gathering following thc 1018 oonvention of tho Britiah Columbia Federation of Lnbor.
"During the pact year Ihe succoss
whioh has attended tho organization of
tho party throughout tho province now
warrants tho holding of a provincial
convention to determine immediate and
future policies iu accordance with tho
genoral desire of tho membership of
the various branch™.
"Bepresontation will bo on a basis
of two dolegates for the flrst two hundred membera of a branch and one for
oaoh additional'hundred or a majority
fraction thereof. Branches will mako
arrangomonts for transportation ef
their delegates.
"Aa the B. C. Federation of Labor
convenes ln Oalgary on March 10, to
bo followed by a Westorn Conference
in the same olty, tho holding of the
F. L. P. oonvention March 21 may aB.
sist seme branches to secure ropreson*
"Forward to provincial secretary
the nemos of dologates us early as
*-*-* "Presidont.
General Teamsters and Chauffeurs
A special meeting will be held on
Wcdnosday evening at 8 o'clock to
olect a new business agent and secretary-treaaurer. Delegate Kavanagh was
prosent at the last meeting and gavo a
very interesting address on organization, which waa muoh appreciated.
Mombera who are interested ln the
wclfaro of the union should attend the
next moeting,
tem." its inevitability, aa things nro.
was shown by the fact that tho world
had been ktpt going during the four
years of the war with only a small
proportion of the peoplo engaged in
actual production.
Somebody asked, "What is going to
bo dono when thero is unemployment
in every country!*" Tho speaker replied, "Something will go bust!"
(laughter) j and added, "Stj_ up to tho
governmont." This prompted a question later from Dr. Curry, who asked,
"Since when is it up to thc capitalist
govornment to provido jobs. Would it
bo hotter to flre them and have a working class government!"    (Applause.)
Chairman Pettipiece contributed a
fow vigorous remarks toward tho close,
submitting that the workers had got
to settle tho problem wherever thoy
happened to be. The notation was
"collective production for use,"
whethor thoy bc called Soviets and
Bolshoviki or not It was a crime for
uny_mau, woman or child to go hungry
in this country; nud ho hoped thoro
were enough to refuso to go hungry.
(Loud applause.) To join tho F. L. P.
wos tho flrst step in tho programme;
and thoy should also build up their
own publication so as to got tho real
.Secrotary Trotter spoko briefly aa
to tho treatment of aliens here, and
said it was "no wonder thoy want to
Set back."   Ho announced that next
unday's meeting was to bo hold in
the Theatre Boyal.
AU Previous Efforts Will Be
Eclipsed on This
Tho ban on dances being removed,
thc Machinists Ladles' Auxiliary has
decided to hold its postponed dance on
Saturday, February 22, in tho Labor
Templo. This.dance is one of a series
of monthly whist ■' drives' and .dances
which tho ladies announced some timo
ag6. Splendid prizes art offered for
tho winnors in the whist drive, and a
splendid' programme has been arranged for that night. Thoso that attended tho last social affair arranged for by
thc machinists' ladles will need no urging to attond this one, which is ox-
poctod will oclipso all previous affairs.
Good Programme at Painters Smoking
Concert Laet Thursday
Last Thursday ovoning the Paintors
and Decorators held a smoking concert,
instoad of tho regular business meeting. There was a large gathering of
painters and thoir friends, and an excellent programme of vocal and instrumental features was gono through.
There were songs, instrumental solos,
highland dances and recitations.
Thore haa been seme little chango
in the officers of this loeal rocontly, the
new officers being S. Gould, financial
secrotary, and J. McMillan, recording
secretary, Bro, A. Fattyson has been
appointed business agont pro tem, pending the roeovery of Bio. McDormott,
who has been seriously ill for tho past
fow woeks. Trado is fair, but thero are
moro painters than there are jobs.
Thc question of affiliating with thc
B. C. Foderation of Labor and tho sending delegates to thc two conventions nt
Calgary will bo decided at tho next
C. Lestor on Alien Question
—Kingsley at New
The membership of the Federated
Labor Party, wbo have been drivon
from home for two woeks, because certain poople gave credence to idle rumors, and brought pressure to boar on
theatre managers, will be glad to know
that a how homo has been secured at
tho Theatro Boyal for future Sunday
ovoning meetings. The alien problom is
boing much debated, and Mr. C. Lestor
will have a chance on Sunday next to
present his viows. on tho subject.
Mr. Kingsley will speak at the New
Westminster mooting in tho. Columbia
theatre at 3 p. m., on "Problems of the
At the K. of P. Hail, North Vancouver, tho spoaker will be Mr. B. P. Pettipiece. Mooting commences at 3 p.in.
These mootings arc steadily growing,
and promise to become a permanent
feature on tho North Shore.
Mr. J. 8. Woodsworth will cross to
Vietoria for the Sunday meeting there,
which is temporarily being held in thc
Labor Temple. He will tnko as his
theme, "What Shall We Do with tho
School as usual will be held at 041
Granville stroet, at 2:30 p. in., while
those Interested in singing aro boing invited to attend at same address at 4
p. m., when tho organist, Mr. Julian
Haywood, will bo in attendanco to assist.
Ever Larger Crowds Are
Attending These Sunday Meetings
That the Socialist movement is growing, no one can deny. Fifty years ago
it meant the vague yearnings .of a few
scattered thinkers toward some bettor
social order that might bring a happier
life to the down-trodden millions. Today that is changed. The Socialist
Party of Canada takes its stand for
Socialism, not on sentimental but on
scientific grounds. It does not proposo
tho foundation of any Utopia. It pro-
-clnims the near approach of a new social order. It sbasus its conclusions
upon an examination of tho facts uf
history—thc study of tho evolution of
soeial orders, of economics—the study
of the structures of social orders. As
to thc correctness of its viewpoint and
accuracy of its deductions, it is merely
to be said that they, have yet to be refuted.  -
It is to the interest of every worker
to learn all they can about.Socialism.
Attend tho propaganda meetings of the
party. J. Smith is tho speaker Sunday.
Doors opon at 7:30 p. in. Chair taken
at 8 p. in. sharp.   Questions, discussion.
Camp Delegates Are Being
Appointed and Organization Perfected
Beports coining in from different districts show that some of the members
of tho newly formed loggers' loeal are
getting "on the job." They have formed their samp committee aad elected
tho eamp delegates, whose duty it Is
to communicate with headquarters.
This organising "on the Job" Is the
most important item in tho activities
of tho organisation, and upen the manner in which it is attended to depends
tho superstructure of the whole organisation. Organising from the top downward ia out of date in tho tabor movement, and any union that is to be a
real factor in tho improvement of the
working conditions of itB members,
must have its organization right there
on the job. Those membors who aro
in camp must get together immediately
and organise the whole camp, appoint
their camp delegate and send to headquarters for the necessary supplies. It
has already been found that letters
sent from camp aro not reaching headquarters, all the more reason to sec
that the* letters do got there by somo
moans or othor, and to see that replies
from headquarters reach tho proper
destination. If you don't receive tho
Federationist "there's a reason," Find
out what it is. If thore is not a first
aid equipment in tho cantp report it to
tho offlce, or to tho Workmen's Compensation Board, which will sec that
tho regulations mado for thc protection of tho workers are enforced. In
a futuro issue a list of those Arms that
are entitled to mako deductions for
medical sorvico abovo the cent per dsy
will be given, as it has boen found that
some firms arc charging a dollar or
more without authority for so doing.
In the event of trouble in collecting pay or in any question in which
logal advico is necessary, the caso
should immediately be put up to tho
logal advisers of the Union, Messrs.
Bird, Macdonald 4 Oo., who will render such servieo without oharge to the
member. Advantage has already beon
taken of this arrangement by some of
tho members with beneficial rosults.
The next mooting will be hold on Sunday, the 16th, at 3 p.m., in tho head*
quarters, 61 Cordova Street West.
Hotel and Reetanrant Employeea
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Union desires to draw the attention of
organized labor, particularly to the
workers on the waterfront, to the large
numbor patronizing Chineso eating-
houses. This unequal competition with
restaurants that are paying union
wages should be borne in mind. This is
dictating to the workers whero they
should cat, yet at the same timo bearing in mind thc Orientals do not employ our class, thereforo consideration
should bo shown to those making offorts to comply with union conditions
by patronizing the union restaurants. ThiB local appreciates tho
hardship placed on our class
through the high cost of living, yet we
must realizo thore is u principlo involved in this particular caso that
should roceive thc earnest consideration
ef evory union man. There are many
restaurants along thc waterfront carrying a union card. Thc prices charged
may be a shade higher than tho China*
mun. We must beur in mind the China-
man does not buy from our clnss, or at
leant if he does, it does not compensate
for thc patronage he receives. This
question has been asked repeatedly?
You ask us to pay union wages? Shall
wo receive in* roturn thc patronago of
organized labor! Any persons having
bought tickets for tho dunce that was
announced for Fob. 5, will note that
theso tickets hold good for tho next
dance, that will be held in tho near
Soft Stink Dispensers, Local 676
Tho Soft Drink Dispensers will huld
thoir postponed dance tonight (Friday)
Feb. i. Dancing from 9 p.m. to 2 a.m.
Tickets purchased for former dato
(January 30) will be honored. Members tako notice that next regular meeting will bo held on Sunday, Feb. 16, 8
p.m., in Boom 205. Mr. C. Bouse of thc
Trados and Labor Council educational
committee, will address the meeting,
his subjoct being "Organization.'1
New members will Hnd theso addresses
both interesting ond profitable anil a
good attendance is requested.
Electrical Worken' Dance Tonight
The ban on dunces is lifted, and thc
first organization to take advantage of
the removal of this obstacle to dancing
is the Electrical Workers nnd Telephone Operators. The postponed danco
will bo held tonight et Lester Court,
and all members of Organized Labor
are heartily invited to attend. A good
time is assured to all. Prices ure reasonable.
A Froud Father
Posty Phillips of the Teamsters'
Union is throwing out his chest theso
days. Tho cause of his egotism is a
12-pound baby girl, horn on February
the 7th.
Blacksmiths and Helpers
Tho   Blacksmiths   and  Helpers  are
moving along as usual.   A fow of the
members are out of work at {resent.
Conditions for the trade are looking
good in Victoria and Now Westminster.
However, thero is no rush of work, although there is no slackening of work
oither in Vancouvor, Viotorm or Now
Westminster. Conditions are holding
Tho District Council of Blacksmiths
and Helpers mot iu Victorin last Saturday and hold a vory profitable
session. Various subjects effecting tho
craft wero thoronughly discussed aiid:
satisfactory conclusions arrived at.
Mombors of the council present wero:
Brothors F. .Morrison, president; Wm.
Proudfoot, secretnry-troasuror* and J.
Masters, for Vietoria; Brothers Main
aud C'lias Bouse, businoss agent for
Vancouver, and Brother I). Borland for
New Westminster.
Tho mon in Victoria nre keen after
the last adjustment under the Robert*
son agreement, and the indications are
good of receiving it, as tho Cholborg
yard is paying the full 4 3*4 oents
above the Robertson rntes.
The Metal Tradea Council
Withdraw! from the
Efforts Are Being Made to
Widen the Scope of  ■
The situation in the shipbuilding disputo is, to say the least, interesting.
A Boyal Commission has beea appointed, and the employers will not agree to
any other matter but the Coughlan dispute being dealt with, and aa a result
there is a daadlook. The Boyal Commission commenced its hearing last
" During the opening proceedings, Mr.
Young, president of the Vancouver
Metal Trados Couneil Association, appeared 'before the commission ahd
stated that the ministor of Labor had
informed them by wire, that tke scope
of the.commission was confined to the
Coughlan dispute, and that the investigation of the Bobertson agreement disputo was outside thia scope. The m-
ploycrs, who wero -parties to the agreement, gavo due notice that they would
not, thereforo, respect the findings of
the commission, should it deal with the
Bobertson agreemont, thia being outside of its authorised purposo.
On Tuesday, confirmation of the
scope of the commission waa received
by Judgo Murphy, the content being
that the eommission waa confined to
tho dispute between Coughlans tad ita
employees. <
Bro. Nightecalos askod leave to withdraw and consult his clients before proceeding with tho hearihg.
This was dono, whereupon counsel
stated that -unless tho* soope of tha
commission was enlarged to take in the
Bobertson agreement dlapute, which
request was contained in the original
wire to the minister of Labor, the
Metal Trades Council must withdraw
from the hearing.
Th ccommission thereupon adjourned.
The following telegram waa dispatched
to the minister of Labor:
"O. D. Bobertson, Miniates of Labor,
Be  Boyal Commission   on Cough-
Inn's' dispute:   Our previous telegram
requesting commission statea that same
must   considor  Bobertson   agreement.,''
Employers  aro refusing  to  pay last
award of adjuster, claiming "he haa exceeded* his powers in making said aA
just ment.   Wo refuse to continue SoyaF*
Commission until scope is broadened to J
iuclude Bobertson agreement, as settle-   ,
ment of Cmignlan's disputo hinges.on   ,
said ngreoment   Wire answer.
-'Metal Trades Council, Vancouver,
A very indefinite roply was received
as follows;
"Metal Trados Council, Vancouver,. B.
Metal Trades Council dots Invitation
Tho Metnl Trades Council haB received an invitation to attond tlio trial trip
of the War Noble, a product of the
local yards. Tho Boyal Commission,
which has been appointed to investigate
into tho shipbuilding dispute, nlso received an invitation to be present. Thc
trial trip will be made today.
Joe Naylor a Visitor
Joe Naylor, secretary of the United
Aline Workers of Cumberland, is a visitor in town. In spite of all the efforts
of tho filling class Joe is still in thc
game, and the organisation of Which
he is secrotary is making guod progress.
Meat Cutters and Butchers
Begular meeting Tuesday, Feb. 18th.
All members are requested to attend, as
there is business of importance to be
acted on. This is your business, and it
is up to every member to do his own
Feb. 12, 1010.
"Your wire. Bequest received was
that tbe commission should include.all
matters at issue, and therefore is hot
restricted in any way, but has full authority to consider any questions tbat
may be regarded as part of tho general
''Minister of Labor."'
On Wednesday morning this reply
was handed to Judge Murphy, who,
after consulting tho extent of tho au*
tbority of the commission as received
from Ottawa, decided that despite the
telegram, it was insufficient to include
tho Robertson agreement dispute, and
as the Coughlan dispute hinged upon
the Robertson agreement, the commission would communicate with Ottawa I
immediately and lay the mattor before
them.   Tbe eommission then adjourned.
On Thursday morning the commis*
sion decided to adjourn until Monday,
with tho object uf endeavoring to havo
the Metal Trades Employers Association agree lo having Hie (jumtioni* ,.i_ii i
have arisen oui of tno Roboi cson* agreement dealt with l>y   ho i.t)iiiii»i*"->i-n.
Local 655
February 19th, at 8 p.m.
Business: Election of
Secretary and Business
File Drivers and Woodon Bridgemen
l.nst Friday, W. 1.. Hall, of the Mo*
Drivers and Wooden Iindgeiyu, met
with nn accident wliich later tormina
ted futility. Uro. Hall fell into tho hold
of the ship he wus working on at
Coughlan's yard, striking his head. He-
was taken to St. Paul's hospital, whero
ho died on Tuesday morning. The funeral will take place from Perry A
Muck's funeral purlins, ut *S:30 this
question  of  SU-hour  Day   WUl  Be,
Brought Vp at Western.
Tho A.S.D.B. Carpenters held thoir
regular meeting oo Tuesday evening,
President Smith presiding, he having
returned from Toronto, where ho had *,
been attending a meeting of tho North '
American Advisory Council. Several
new members were admitted. A
special summoned meeting will
be held next week to decide as
to whether the local will subscribe in
a body to the Federationist.
The educational nieeting committee
recommended that the quostion of
Asiatic labor he discussed ut this moeting.    This wus adopted.
The cull for tho annual eonvention
for tho B. C. Federation of Lubor convention was received, and Bros. Wolls
and Brewer wero elected us delegates.
A lively discussion took place unifct
the hend of new business, the question debated being the six-hour day.
There was no difference of opinion on '
tho necessity for this new movo, the
only thing causing discussion being the;
methods to adopt lo secure it. Noticing definite was arrived at, aa the*
mattor will enme before the Westeia >
Conferonco in March. Many i-aem&eoa
were reported on the sick list, aad ■
special committee wns .(-pointed i%
visit them. I PAGE TWO
■PBIDAY. February 14, 1919
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February Clean-up
Commences Saturday
Makovski and Pritchard
Debate~on Bolshevism
'ffhe Store thals always busy"
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Last Bunday afternoon in tlio Empress Thoatro W. A. Pritchard and L.
Wi Makovski debated on Bolshevism.
W. A. Pritchard took the position of
tho Socialist Party or Canada in favor
of thc Bolshoviks, and Mr. Makovski,
whose articles on Bolshevism in tho
Daily Province havo placed him much
in the limelight recently, spoko in opposition. The thoatro was filled almost
as soon as the doors woro open, many
people waiting for about an hour for
tho doors to open. Sevoral hundreds
woro turnod away.
Com. Bennott occupied tho chair and
after a few opening romarks from him,
W. A. Pritchard took tho floor. Lack
of space forbids an oxtonded acoount
of the arguments offered, so only the
salient featuros can bo given horo.
W. A. Pritchard opened by stating
that ho was going to bind himself and
his opponent down 'to a definition of
Bolshevism. Ho considered Bolshevism.
as a movemont of today, with a definite programme and concroto achievements to its name, as aro witnessed today in Bussia. Whon in March, 1917,
the czar's guards rcfuBcd to lire upon
tho workers and peasants, the throno
of tho' Romanoffs coupled with tho
church, whioh had existed ior centuries,
collapsed liko a house of cards in a
gale. The speaker went ou to stato
that for ovory statement ho would mako
ho would take as his authorities, among
othors, Col. W. B. Thompson, a Wall
Stroot millionaire, Col. Raymond Bob-
ins, head of tho American Bod Cross
in Russia, Bossio Beatty, war correspondent for tho San Francisco Bulletin, Louise Bryant, correspondent for
the Bell Syndicato, John Bcod, Major
Thatcher and Arthur Ransome, spocial
correspondent to the' London Daily
News, and tho Manchester Guardian.
All of theso poople havo -been resident
in Russia for a considerable time. Following the overthrow of tho czar, the
Constitutional Democrats took control
with Prince Lvoff as premier, and Mil-
uikoff and Manuiloff in the cabinet.
This cabal of liberals had no pro*
grammo that would satisfy tho land-
hunger of tho peasants, and tho need
of tho industrial proletariat. It gave
way to the Kerensky coalition cabinot
in May, composed of Constitutional
Democrats and moderate "Socialists."
This product of compromise could'not
(111 tho bill oither, and had to givo way
boforo the whito heat of (ho revolutionary movement. Tho Bolshoviki became
politically supreme.
That the Bolsheviki woro tha only
peoplo capable of inspiring tho trust
of the great masses of tho Bussian people, is shown by tho ease with which
thoy got control. It is truo that in tho
July attempt to securo political control tho Bolsheviki wore beaten, Trotsky being arroatod aud Lonin going into hiding. At that time most of thc
bourgeoisie and somo of the proletariat
and pesantry had somo faith in tho
Kerensky regime, but by Novomber it
was obvious to all that the Mensheviks
could not placo boforo tho peoplo any
programme that would, givo satisfaction to the masses of this workors. Tho
conditions throughout Bussia woro terrible, the graft, corruption and troason
of tho czar's party, with itB Gorman-
1 opinio court, had loft Bussia in a
wrotehed state. The railways woro in
a stato of chaos, freight was piled up
in disorderly piles, faetorlos wero closed down for lack of raw material. Most
of the work* was governmont contracts
which woro lot or withhold exactly in
proportion as graft was paid out.
The effect of such conditions in the
factories, en the troops in the trenches
can easily be imagined.
In the trenches were millions of men
who fought tho Germans unarmod. It
was Russian flesh against Gorman cannon. Half a dozen cartridges a day,
only ono rifle to six infantry men, not
ono twentieth tho number of Gorman
cannon and. ofton no shells for those
they had. Armed mostly with sticks,
they fought with a heroism the liko
of "Which tho world has rarely ^acon.
This was tho condition at tho front
whou the revolution broko in Petrograd.' The morale of the army broko,
Tho wonfcr was, not that it broke, but
that it did not break much earlier than
it did. Tho working class under these
circumstances starved in tho cities.
Thoso chaotic conditions wore not
improvod undor tho short regime of
Lvoff, or undor tho somewhat longor ro*
gliuo of Kerensky. It was up to tho
Bolshoviki to create ordor out of these
conditions. Thoy havo succeeded to a
lnrge extent, and tho 'situation is growing bottor day by day.
But remember Russia was still at war
with Germany. Tho German heel was
still on tho Russian Baltic provinces,
nnd tho German bayonet was pointod at
tho vory hoart of Bussia itself. It war
necessary first to deal with tho coun
ter revolutionists, that Is, tho Monsho*
ants nnd tho industrial proletariat.
Five, they havo succeeded in staying in powor for 16 months and arc
stUl thero.
These Ave achievements the speaker
took up scriatum.
Tho Bolsheviki gave to tho world a
now conception ofjntcrnntional dealings. Thoy condomnod thoso methods
of diplomacy which demanded secrecy.
Not only did they condemn them, they
disowned them and refused to uso them,
insisting on conducting all diplomatic
affairs in tho full light of day. Anyone who knows anything of tho history
of diplomacy knows what a shock such
a conception in practico would bo to
any ruling class. Thoy oponly declared
for no annexations and no iudomnitios.
Thoy publishod for tho bonollt of tho
world tho secret treaties, the chiof of
which Bhowed np tho mothods by which
Italy was bribod to como into tho war.
"Thoy throw," snid the speaker, "all
tho aoerot treaties into the ash-barrel
of history," '
Tho Bolshoviki government hns ro*
turnod tho land to tho peasants. In
September, 1018, the "Fundamental
Law of tho Socialization of tlio Land,''
was put into offoot. Thla.law, whiclj is
given in full in tho Nation, Now York,
January 5, 1919, socializes all tho land
togothor   with   minerals  and  forests.
■* 'most part to the contrary notwithstanding.
Arthur Ransome, war correspondent
for tho London Daily News and the
Manchester Guardian, says this in hia
opon letter to Americas
"No ono contends that the Bolsheviks aro angels. I ask only that men
shall look through the fog ef libol that
surrounds them and see that the ideal
for which thoy nro struggling, in the
only way in which they ean strugglo,
is among those lights whieh ovory man
of young and honest heart sees before
him somewhere on tho road, and not
among those othor lights from which
he resolutely turns away. Thoso men
who havo mado the Soviet govornment
in Bussia, if thoy must fail, will fail
with cloan shields and clean hearts,
having strivon for an ideal which will
livo boyond thom. Evon if they fail,
they will nono tho loss havo written a
pago of history moro daring than any
other whieh I can remember in tho
story of tho human faco. Thoy are
writing it amid showers of mud from
all th"o meaner spirits in thoir country,
in yours and in my own. But, whon tho
thing is ovor, and thcir enemies havo
triumphed, tho mud will vanish liko
black magic at noon, and that page
will bo as whito as the shows of Bussia, and tho writing on it as bright
Only tho actual workers on the land, P"3. gold a1m0B that,1 m,ed t0 ■e0 «lit-
cnn hold it. I to"ng in the sun whon I looked from
viks, aided by the supporters of the. * ' ^^ at
-Z'__-ln__*_*S& __& «'»t at thPe Bolshevists, but th. Bolshe*
man Junkera sitting on their doorstop.
Tho Bolshoviki got .supreme control
early in Novombor, 1917. Thoy have
succcodod in holding ua nnd gotting
ctmtlnuully stronger for 111 months.
This ln itself is a great achiovomont,
whon you consider thut the bourgooislo
were only able to hold on for a fow
Tho speaker slated that he-was willing to rest his case ou the achievements
of the Bolsheviki sinco November, 1917.
Tho achievements havo been accomplished under the greatest difficulties.
Not only hnve they hnd to contend with
tho chaos in industry, but thoy hnvo
hud to contend against innumerable
counter . revolutionary plots. These
counter revolutionary plots were not
tho product of Russian bruins alone.
The diplomats of nil tho chiof allied
nations havo taken a hand in thom.
Lockhart, Boilly nnd Cfonilo mny bo
mentioned in this connection. Externally thoy havo had to contond with
every other nation in the world, ovon
tho neutrals in the war. Tho blockade
wos thoir chief weapon; but still tho
Soviot has held on, and is stronger now
by fnr than it wos 10 months ngo. During that 16 months period thoy have
accomplished groat things. On tho records of tht'Bo achievements the flpenk-
er was content to rest his case. These
achievements are chlfly five in number.
FirBt, they gave to the world a now
conception of international dealings.
Second, they threw into the ash-barrel nf history all thc secret treaties.
,Thlrd, they restored thc land to tho
Fourth, thoy nro educating the pens*
But tho greatest success has beon
achieved in tho realms of education.
Most of tho peasantry could neithor
rend nor write. Thirty por cent of
thom aro said to havo learned to road
during the first summer of the revolution. This problom of education was
early taken up by tho Bolsheviki governmont. "Tho decrco of education
drawn up by LUnarcharsky, a writer
and scholar, set fofth tho Soviet's ideas
of instruction. Since tho flrst revolution an edt-cational committoe investigating Russian noeds, and formulating
n legislative prpgrammo .'....
Tho governmental decree was to servo
as a junction and helper, to organize
sourcos of matorial ideas and moral
support of the local bodJoB." Tho'Soviet declared that "whatever other governmental activities woro curtailed, tho
expenditure on publio instruction must
stay high. A genorous budget for public instruction is'tho honor of ovory
pooplo. Every truly democratic powor
in tho domain of instruction, of tho
country where ignorance and illiteracy
arc reigning, must tako as its first aim
tho strugglo against darkness. It'must
obtain-in tho shortest timo a popular
litcration by moans of an organization
of a system of schools answoring tho
first principles of contemporary pedagogy, and it must introduce a genoral,
obligatory, nnd gratuitous education."
This gives tho lie to those capitalist journals who claim that the Bolsheviki arc only assussins and robbers,
who livo by pillago, and so on ad nauseam. The first signatory to this education law wob Mario Sptridonova, who,
by the way, has been assasslnatod on
twelvo different occasions by the Van*
couver Provinco. Education waB takon
into every village, since tho peasants
could not attond .tho universities.
Chiefly tho peasants wanted to learn
about the industries, tho land*, history,
sociology, tho world outsido.
Tho Bolshoviki government is still
thoro, stronger than evor, The country
is being reorganized along Socialist
Because of this fact and because this
is a class conscious movement of the
workers, all tho capitalist world is tip
in arms against thom, The allies aro
in the north at Archangel, in tho south
at Odessa, and in tho east tho Czechoslovaks havo boen usod against thom
In the west are tho Germans.
But tho capitalist hcolors say the
Bolsheviki made tho peaco at Brest-
Litovsk—they havo boon bought with
German gold, etc., otc. Could Gorman
gold buy Lenin and Trotsky who had
novor fallen for Bussian gold during
all the years of their activities in Bus*
sia bofore the revolution! Could Gorman gold buy Col. Thompson, who is
a Wall Stroet millionaire»
Tho capitalist press has constantly
contradicted itsolf, whereas tho authorities—quoted—havo definite first hand
information, and not mere baok-yard
Tho peaee at Brost-Litovsk was signed. True. Tho army was broken before
tho Bolshoviki got control. No othor
inovo was possiblo. '.'But as the Ger*
man army moved cast, the Bolshoviki
propagandists movod west;1' Joffe went
to Berlin as Soviot ambasaador, and
kopt two hundred couriers busy as
propagandists. Millions of pamphlets
were soattcrod all ovor central Europo.
Tho Gorman trorjpa at tho front wero
supplied with them in spite of tho offorts to prevont it.
k propaganda won tho war. (Ap*
rJovcr beforo wos a country defentod
when lt stood on all fronts on the torritory of its enemies. Tho war ended
suddonly, owing to tho intornnl col-
Inpso of Germany. This collapflo was
duo to tho revolutionary propaganda
of the Bolshoviki.
If the kaiser evor sent any gold to
tho Bolsheviks, ho mndo a mighty poor
llnnucinl Investment.
Only a few months ugo all tho allies
were threatening tho Bolshoviki nnd
sending armies against them. Now they
go to them and bog for a eonforonco,
saying, "Cut-throats nnd robbers
though you nro, please come nnd lot
us talk it over." (Laughter nnd applause.) Tho reason is duo to tho internal conditions in thoBe countries,
and to tho military tltuatlon in Bus-
sin. Tho capitalist pross has lied right
through and is givon tho lie direct by
honest observers In Russia.
"Col. Thompson, whom I havo already mentioned," snld tho spookcr,
"states in ono of his many essays:
" 'I will say right horo that if at
any tfmo during my travels I was a
witness of deeds of wanton destruction
and violence It was not in Bussia. If
nt uny timo I waa subjected to any
diBCOurtosy or incivility it was not in
RttBBla. If at any timo I was in danger,
It wns not in Russia.' ''
I hnvo been deeply impressed with
the effect of tho newfound liborty upon
the masses of the Russinn people. It
did not turn thom into a vengeful
horde, bent on wholosalo massacre and
bloodshed  thc   """   '"
my windows in Petrograd,
"And whon in after ye.ars mon read
that page thoy will judgo your coun-
fry-nud mine, your race and mine, by
tho help or hindrance they gavo to tho
writing of it."
Mr. Makovski thon took tho floor and
oponod by remarking that Mr. Prltchard's interpretation of Bolshevism
differs very materially from the interpretation I give it. The BolshovikB
first became known in 1903, whon Lon*
in was' in London, and split with Pleoh*
anoff at tho conferonco held ln that
city. *fhe reastfn they split was this:
Lonin stood for the domination of the
masses, or the dictatorship of the working class through secret committees of
tho Soviots, Plechanoff refused to follow him along these lines, and booame
the leader of the Menslffeviki. In 191*4
Lnin was in Switzerland and Trotsky,
ho thought,' in Now Tork. Lenin wont
to Russia'in 1917. Tho "revolution thoro
whieh had overthrown the czar's regime was led by Prlnee Lvoff, tho head
of tho duma, tho parliamont of tho pooplo. Lvoff has a world-wide reputation
and has dono moro for Russia than any
other man.living. Lonin and Trotsky
brought about thcir counter revolution
in November, 1917, through thc urgent
neeossity of tho Bussian pooplo for
poace. - Thoro wos a general movoment
for tho abolition of secret diplomacy
beforo Lonin nnd Trotsky came along,
whieh, answered Mr. Pritchard's boo-
ond point.
The restoration of tho land to tho
peasantry was ono of the thinga which
broko up tho Bussian army, by causing
wholosalo desertions of peasants, who
wished to roturn to thoir land.
As to education, ho drew attention to
tho fact that Maxim Gorky had mado
a statoihent that through Bolshevism,
oducatlon and religion wore destroyed
in flussia.
The authorities mentioned by Mr.
Pritchard contained only one who could
speak Bussian. Ho wroto six artiolos
for tho Now Tork Times, but that papor fired him and announced that ho
was in the pay of Lonin and Tretsky.
The cessation bf tho war was not
brought about by tho Bolshovik propaganda, our boys on the western front
had something to do with it.
Tho Bolshoviki brought about peace,
btit at the price of Russia. The only
part of Bussia that made peaco with
Germany was that part' which lies near
and de-ponds upon Moscow and Petrograd. Tho other parts broke away from
them. ,
Mr. Makovski then quoted Lenin
from the "Soviets at Work," where
ho statos that in tho transition stago
a dictatorship is necessary. Compulsion, and an iron hand aro necessary
but, added the speaker, I do not seo
that that Ib any reason why Bolshevism should be applied to Canada. It
eould only bring about civil war.
Soviot rulo means terror ahd ovon
the destruction of churches. (Laughter
and applause.) Lenin himself says
Bolshevism is the direot negation of
democracy. Ninety per eent of the people are peasants, who do not support
the Bolshoviki, or thoro would not be
a famine
Peace to Bussia meant war to all tho
reBt,of tho world. The Bolsheviki admitted failure of the proletarian dictatorship, when they had to oome to
tho bourgooislo and used thom as experts.
Lonin advocates the Taylor system
of efficiency, place work, oto. Is not
this capitalism? Bolshevism means
majority, but in practice means tho
rulo of tho minority. Tho Bolshovik
autocracy is tho same bb tho Gorman
autocracy, whioh wo hove boon fighting
to ovorthrow. Thoy Bay no annexations
and thoy havo onnoxod all capital, and
wo don't want it in Canada. There nro
lots of Finns hore in Cnnada, and thoy
aro nil Bolshoviki, and apparently ovon
somo Canadians aro Bolshoviks. (Applause.) Tou want civil wnr. (No.
no.) Bolshevism, ho wound up, stands
for individual despotism.
, Pritchard thon took tho floor in rebuttal, nnd showod tho hollowncss of
tho bourgeosio promise of open diplomacy by pointing to tho secrecy nt the
peace conferenco in'Pnrls.
Mr. Makovski doos not seem to soo
n difference between discipline for tho
benefit of Wall streot, and idsciplino
for social good. "Gorky, to whom Mr.
MakovBki referred, wns ill in bed during tho revolution .and got Mb misinformation from a oadot. Ao has sinco
joinod the Bolshoviki government in an
important capacity. Tho Now Tork
TlmeB employed Arthur Bansomc, nnd
accepted articles from him.* Becauso
ho told tho truth abotu tho Soviets, ho
was lirod, nnd accused of taking Soviot
gold. If Mr. Makovski had told tho
truth about tho little 84-hour striko
lost August in tho columns of tho Daily
Province, ho, too, would havo boen fired.
Mr. Makovski mado very littlo attempt
to rebutt Pritchard's statements. His
roply practically camo to this: "If you
are nn upholder of tho Bolshevists, you
must, of a necessity, he an upholder of
tho German Junkers, because theso aro
two forms of the samo autocracy,"
"Wo shall mako It our business from
 _     . new on," concluded Pritchard, "not
newspnper reports   in only to mako plain to our fellow work*
Suits, Coats, Blouses, Sweaters and Furs
offered at sacrifice prices
THIS is a final clean-up of onr Fall lines. W*e offer the finished apparel at less than the cost of
the material in them. We make this sacrifice only
because we need ihe room for bur new Spring stocks
now arriving.
Look at the price tags—the original tagS are still on
—divide the price in two—it's yours at the half-
price flgur..
"FROM ____._, TO WEARER"
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many people negleet their
eyes even when they know
they should htve them attended to—When they know
they should be wearing
glasses—beeause they lie
afraid they will be over
charged—and because bf tbe
uncertainty of the eoat.
f I wipi any of yon union men
who feel that yoa may require
glum yon or yonr wives—
te eome in and let me examine your eyes. Let me tell
you what la wrong—if any-
thing—what it will eost to.
give, yoa glasses that will
make seeing and living more
4 My optical service is the'
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Seymou IMS
OranviUe Optical Oo.
-   Below Dryidale'i
Evans, Coleman A
Evans, Limited
Willi*   Phones:
Seymoar MSI ud Seymonr nt
vTHEAf _&■x
oon vaudivilui
Whafi in ■ Name?
To nadnlUt ao word
mme the but la Us world—to Vu*
■oam ths
a«uii tha bfit tatlai place la towns
mule aad dintlat la tht •nalnf.
Drop la tar Umt. Silent onion
kout In VineouTir.
Umoii So.
Opp. oiptaea
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings FoniitiireCo.Iid.
41 Bsstlifi Strsst West
era tho fnotB of history, economics, or
Hociolegy, but wo shall take Hr. Makovski nnd his fellow upologistt for ths
prosont system ond traduoers of tho
now ordor, and, without spito or venom,
without projudico or passion, with facta
—tho imprsgnablo fnots, as our naUa,
und logic—proletarian logic for our
our hummer, and placo thom on that
pillory of history from which all the
antics of their gods nnd tho soothsay*
ings of thoir priestB cannot avail to redeem them."    .
During the holiday season and
through the January Clearance Sale
hundreds of odd
lengths of Bilks
have accumulated.
They vary from
one yard to about
seven yards.
/The priced are
extreme —but no
one expects to pay
much for a remnant.
Every kind of silk
we have is represented.
Sale now on.
Saba Bros.
The Silk Specialist,     '
■ —npt—
ror Union Men
Phone Sey. 838
na ust flaob so bat or
Mtt'i Hatters sad Outfitters
<I0 OnarlUt Stmt
Pocket Billiard
(tamrttk-lalka Ootttadn _)
—isaStsaiMi ttt Vetet lba-'
vaitamtdt   trtwott    Slftn   eat
OUT <mtt Matt amaltyet
42 Hastings St. East
Rained Service
Ono Block West of Cenit House
Use of Modorn Chapel and
Funeral Parlors froe to all
Telephone Seymour Mis
7 ■".-.>   HOI. SON SI urn
omoiAL ripia vAiooovia
IB4D1S  Un  LABOB   000V0IL
ornoui mm* mn ooir
ombu mUATioa o* UM
How many teeth
have you lost?
. Dp you know that every tooth you lose reduces the
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Have that molar filled or crowned before you lose
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then take yourself in hand and come—at once. Let
me replace those lost teeth by new ones that will
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t_ Professional skill and oare—the
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fine Dentistry
First showing of BOYS' and YOUTHS* SPBING CLOTHING;
smartest.designs, with tho new waist seam, belted and plain;
also English Norfolks and Sports Suits; excellent qualities;
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BEEPERS, good navy blue, brass buttons, velvet collars, also
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Late,. Consul at Archangel
Throws Light on Russian Situation
Jay G. Haydcn, Btaff correspondent
of tho Detroit Duily News, in an artielo in lost Wednesday's issuo of that
papor, says as follows:
"Senator Johnson nnd others inquiring tho whys and wherefores of the
littlo group of American soldiors in
tho heart of Arctic Bussia, boloaguored
by the Bolshoviki on tho ono sido and
by hundreds of miles of frozen waste
ending in tho frozen Whito Sea' on tho
othor, will do woll to communicate with
Douglas Toung, Villago Ditchling, Sussex, England.
Mr. Young* was counsol at Archangel until August last and was recently engaged in an exchange of letters, with Admiral Kemp, former commander of tho British fleet in tho
Whito Sea, and tho publication of the
lottors in the London Times has
brought astonishing revelations of the
policy of tho Allied expedition.
Sought tjunrrel
Mr. Young, who says ho knows the
facts beoause oft his participation, in
conforences as chief British civilian
ofliciul, practically makes the chargo
that tho British military picked a quarrel with the peacefully inclined Soviet.
Aftor assorting that British actions
at Archangel wero not in accord with
British tradition for fair play and
honest dealing, oven with, the ignoble
foo and " actions of certain British
representatives in Bussia, with or without tho knowledge and tho sanction
of tho Britiah govornment, guvo tho
Soviot government good ground for
suspecting us of deceiving them und of
playing a double game." Mr. Young
continues, *"Does Admiral Kemp not
remember the mcmorablo afternoon of
July 6 in the Praesidium chamber of
tho Archangel Soviet, whon ho informed thom in my presence that, speaking
for himself, and* ho was suro ho could
say for Oon. Poole, he oould assure
thom tho Allies' action in tho White
Sea was not aimed against the Soviet
Bovlot Memben Shot
And has ho forgotten another similar mooting a fow days later, when,
with scowling faces, the Soviot representatives communicated reports. of
high-hundod notions by tho Allied military und naval forces, including tho
shooting of three members of the Yot
Docs ho deny that theso roports,
which woro subsequently confirmed,
swept away liko a house of cards my
nttompts to reach a modus'vivendi with
tho local Soviot authorities)
"Thoy, at any*rato, woro ready un
til the last to como to un urrungomont
with us on tho busis of exchnnge of
goods, but thoy would not sell their
birthright, their right to resist our
landing unless it wus dono en thcir invitation, for a mess of pottage, the
food of which thoy were in floro noed."
Mr. Young roplios to n statement by
Admiral Komp that British subjects
had been killed and imprisoned by
pointing out no auch actB occurred until aftor the Allied occupation-and tho
offenses ngninst the Bolsheviki abovo
roforred to,
Must Feed People
Ho continuod:
"Hub intervention in Archangel so
for proved a success! Wo havo cut
off Archangel completely from hor
sourco of food supply, tho interior of
Bussia, and havo thereby committed
oursolvos to feeding hor population; wo
havo made the lot of, 150,000 out- of
180,000,000 population a little cosier on
tho condition that they de exactly as
wo wish." .
Mr. Young doos not udvocato jrecog-
nition of tho Soviot, nnd conceded that
recognition is .impossible so long as tho
Bolshoviki maintain thoir prosent extreme attitudo; ho doeB take tho position that the manner of intervention
by tho Allies was an irritant* which
had much to do wil-ii causing tho Bussian pooplo to follow that atrocious
I have quoted Mr. Young at length
becnuso he expresses essentially tho
viow of tho American authorities horo
that a deoidod mistako in policy was
mndo by tho Allied commanders at
Archangel. Thoy arc tending now to
tho viow that tho only way to correct
this mistake is to ncknowlodgo It
frankly nnd turn back by withdrawing ull armed forces from BusBlnn territory.   .
Could Withdraw Troops
Tho Prinkipo conference waB accepted as a compromise in tho hopo
it might produco an amicable understanding, and to have tho attompt to
stir up a counter-revolution south of
Archangel disclosed as thc lamcntnble
failure it undoubtedly Is.
An amicable settlement ut Prinkipo
nt tho same timo would insnro thc safo
withdrawal of troops.
Thero is still hone thc majority of
Bussian frictions will como io Prinkipo,
but thore is little actual development
so' fur to substantiate this; only ono
acceptance haB been recoived from the
small govornment of the Crimea.
Both American nni British representatives arc convinced that the public sentiment of these countries
opposes any Incrense in tho armies in
Bussia, and the only course opon, if
Prinkipo fails, is a flat declaration of
u policy of withdrawal of all troops.
Miserable "Legal" Wsge
Bolt Lako Olty, Utah—"Tho present
womon's minimum wage law permitting
them lo work for 75 cents a day iB totally Inadequate," says thc Utah Labor
Ncwb. "It must bo raised. The coat
of living today ia 65 por cent, more
than It was two years ago.
Raise Wages 10 Per Cent.
Washington—Members of Federal
Labor Union No. 10,104, employed by
the Emerson-Brontlnghnm Company,
Bntavla, 111., have been awarded "',_
and 10 per cent, wage Increases. The
latter figure applies whero^workora receive lens than 38 cents an hour.
Real   Awakening   of   the
Workers Is Taking
Hawthornthwaite and McKenzie Debate on the
Russian Situation '
(By Our Spocial. Correspondent.)
February 2nd and February 6th woro
eventful days in the erstwhile and
peacefully sleoping burg Nanaimo. On
tho ovonings of tho dates montionod
five mootings wero hold. An over-increasing crowd of sober and deliberate
thinking mon are in attendance at tho
U. M. W. of A. meetings hold in the
ForeBtors' Hall overy Sunday evening.
International Organizor JRccs addressed
both meetings vory briefly-but forco*
fully on proBont-day issues in the Labor movoment. Brevity being essential
owing to tho unxioty of thoso present
to attond mootings advertised in tho
Dominion Hall whero Mr. J. W. How-
thorthwaite was blllod to* speak on
"Tho Bussian Situation."
Tho looal proBB of Nanaimo for reasons took unon themselves the apparently unsolicited task of inserting readers to the offect that tho member for
Newcastle would Bpeak on the topic
On Sunday, Fobruary 2, Mr. Hawthornthwaite failed to put "in an appearance. I loarned subsequently thnt
lie had absolutely forgotton the arranged mooting. At this moeting loeal
mon, Messrs Hodgklnson, Cartwright
and Jordan, held tno crowd. Supplemented by Organizer Dave Boes of tho
U. M, W. of A., who was careful to first
of all differentiate as botwoon tho work
of the Industrial and political movements. Also explaining that tho position taken by Mr. HawthornthwnUo at
Victoria recently was not the position
of tho Fodoratcd Lubor Party. Tho
Greater -Vancouver Executivo having
publicly repudiated tho stand taken by
tho member for Newcastle. , .
On Sunday last an extraordinarily
largo crowd, attended tho Dominion
Hall mooting, Mr. Hawthornthwnite put
iu an appearance, but came very* late.
Mr. Alex McKonzio wob also in attendance, having addressed a meeting nt
South Wellington in the afternoon. Mr.
Hawthomthwaite's tardiness resulted
in Mr. McKenzle being callod upon to
address the audienco first by Mr.
.Tomes Hodgklnson,. who presided.)
A. McKenzie. opened his-address to
the meeting by Btnting thnt.it wns his
intention to, if possible, clear away
somo of the fog which surrounded thc
Bussian- situation, und in relation to
the working classes of other nations.
This was not so onsy a task ns it
might Bcem.-to be, owing to misrepresentation, lies, and calumny heuped upon the Bolsheviki by the capitalist
pross. As modern society was divided
into h\"o classes, u ruling uud a subject clnss (capitalist uud wage earning)
with interests opposed'to each other;
it was quite natural that the ruling
class would do everything ii| its pow-..
er to conserve itself us a ruling class
and that 'therefore-a struggle oxistod
between those two classes for political
- Today wo had arrived at such a revolutionary period. Aftor four years and
a half of one of tho bloodiest wars in
history, waged botweon t\voslmporlnl-
istio groups of notions for world power, which meant control of tho world's
markot; we aro in tho midst of an industrial crisis which, to tlio speaker's
1 bolief could only bo solved by tho complete ovorthrow of capitalism and tho
ushering in of tho dictatorship of tho
Thc Buflsiun ..working eluss hud already pointed tho way. He theu gave
a.brief history of tho ovorthrow of thc
czar in March, 1917, explaining the
moaning of tho terms Bolsheviki and
Menshoviki (meaning in Bussian, mnjority nnd minority, respectively) und
how thoy wero upplicd io two different
groups in the Socinl Democratic Labor
Party of Bussia, both claiming to bo
Marxian; how tho two fuctionB drifted
further apart in spite of tho offorts of
certain mombors to reconcile thom, including Lonin and Trotsky, who woro
both of the Bolshoviki group.
Ho then explained the origin of the
Soviets In 1003 nnd their growth, how
the lenders in the 1905 revolution on
both sides wore, with fow oxcoptions,
the some porsons thut participated in
the present affair.
Trotsky was, In thc 1905 event, chair-
mun of tho Fotrograd Soviot, und, on
tho collapse "of the revolution, wus ur*
rcBtcd nnd exiled to Siberia; from
whero he escaped luter on. When the
czar's government was overthrown,
Milukov, Outchkov ond Company seized
hold of the governmont, intending to
change tho old bureaucratic form into
tho moro modern bourgeois parliamentary stato; a limited monarch, or n
president at its head. At thc same timo
theffe men carried on secret diplomatic
rclntions with tho entente to curry on
the war, ond tried to plcnso the wnr-
weary and exhausted peoplo with the
promise of an early pence nnd lota of
food, etc., etc.
How, ns u rosult of this policy, Kerensky, a member of the Soviet Revolutionary party was mode premier, nnd
hailed ns tho savior of Bussia. In the
meantime the Soviets wcro organizing
themselveB. The Bolsheviki wcro In n
minority In tho Soviets nt Ilrst, but by
incessant und energetic propaganda
they ultimately obtained a mnjority,
hence tho overthrow of thc Kerensky
regime in November.
Tho history Of the "constituent assembly" wns also explnlncd nt some
length, tho speaker emphasizing tin*
fact that this phase of the situation
had to be especially dealt with os the
dally press of all countries tried to
mnke thi! people believo that tho suppression of the above numcii assembly
by the Bolshoviki, wns a most undemocratic aot, ond lent much weight to
such gross misrepresentation as this.
That Bussia was boing ruled by Iwo
Demand  Proper  Administration of Mining
The following resolution dealing
with the issuing of certificates to minera was passed at the last meeting of
tho Nanaimo local of the Unitod, Mine
Workers, hold on Sunday, February 9.
A copy of tho resolution vns ordered to
be forwarded to the Minister, of
Mines and to the Ministor of Labor.
'' Whereas, tho Minos Begulation
Act of B,, O. calls for minors passing a
eortain examination in ordor that they
may qualify for a certificate of com*
potency, without which men cannot
tako chargo of a placo, and;
"Whereas, it is' common knowlodgo
that certificates have been obtained
under varied and peculiar circumstances, and;
"Whereaa, we aro fully aware that
certificates as well as duplicates of
samo issued to Oriontals never lapse
into disuse, notwithstanding the fact
that Oriotnal miners sometimes die;
"Whereas, tho transferring of certificates becomes comparatively easy
among Chinese, with, to the avorage
European, thoir similarity of name and
appearance, and;
"Whereas, wo have known of Europeans answering questions . properly
when put in regular form as from 1 to
15, but if questions wore switched we
have for example known of the party
being examined tako the safety lamp
and ostensibly tost for gas, when he
was being questioned regarding powder
"Therefore, be it resolved, that wo
respectfully suggest a special rigid reexamination of all miners in tho province, this being especially necessary
with the Oriental and European races,
"Bo it further resolved, that special'
committees be appointed to conduct
sueh examination, by the respective
parties entitled to representation; tho
present examiners boing entitled to
act if appointed or elected for the proposed special examination.''
The intent of the resolution will be
readily understood by the miners of
this province. In brief, tho object is
to secure the propor administration of
the mining laws of this province.
Whoro the miners aro not organized
tho administration of those laws is a
farce, and tho proposal Ib put forward
with the object of securing proper examination beforo men are entrusted
with tho safpty of many lives.
dictators in the porsons of Lonin and
Trotsky. .
He showed that after tho czar's
downfall the Bolshoviki wero in favor
of calling a constituent assembly to decide the future policies of Russia, and
how Muluikoff kept postponing it until
a moro favorable timo Bhould arrive,
whou tho masses, tirod of tho first attempts- at revolution would bo more
tractnblo to the wishes of tho "Inw-
abiding classes, <"
In the meantime tho Soviots had been
gaining powor, and wero tho roal governing force of the country. Owing to
thoir flexible mode of eloction they at
all times reflected tho wishes of the
masses, und when tho Kerensky government was overthrown it had simply
to bo pushed over, as for months it
had Only existed in name.
The constituent assembly was elocted
by laws passed by tho Kerensky governmont, after tho Bolsheviki had obtained political power, and tho reason,
how tho Bolshoviki had a minority and
dissolved the assembly was explained
at some longth by the speaker. Results'
showing that the huge voting herd, who
consciously or unconsciously voted it
into powor did not raise its voico in
protest at its dissolution, far less givo
it military defense, wns sufficient proof
of tho correct and progressive nation
of the Soviots.
At this point the speaker showed
how in revolutions that it was a small
active minority that really took nn interest in politics, and therefore decided
tho policies and tactics which wcro carried out, provided of course, they expressed tho desires of tho masses.
The BroBt Litovsk treaty (A Brigands' Peace) as It was called by Lonin wus also explained. So woro the
stories about tho Bolshoviki being German ugents. The speaker declaring thut
they were, if anything more pro ally,
and showing by recent events nnd dispatches how this wns so.
Tho spcuker laid particular cmphtisis
on the great, reorganization and constructive work carried out liy tho
Workers'-Republic of Russia; when it
was taken into consideration the exhausted state of tho country when they
took hold of it, and at the same time-
carrying on a defensive war against
foreign imperialism und counter-revolution at home,
Thc fact was afflo emphasized that
the Soviot leaders were Socialists of
the Marxian type, and that the transformation from the old order to tho
new could only be carried out by a die
tutorship of tho proletariat.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite was then in
traduced and said in part:
"Well, boys, ns an Irishman I was
nlwnys gifted with being ablo to stand
a row of somo kind. This is not the
first time I have started something of
this kind. This used to happen 20 years
ago then you would have old mun
Kingsley over to straighten it out and
ull would be well again. Our friend
tolls us to beware of the Bourgeois.
What are Lonin and Trotsky? And is
not Trotsky a Gorman Jew! Then watch
bourgeois intellectuals, what wus Liebnecht who sacrificed his life in nn open
scrap with the capitalists? Numerous
others could In- mentioned including
Marx, who hod largely contributed to
the literature of the Socialist movement,
"I am always willing to take a man's
discoveries but it does not follow that
I accept their reasoning. There is always a danger of being led by intellectuals who arc not scientists. If 1
disagree with Lenin nnd Trotsky, 1
would bo less than a mnn if I didn't
come out openly and oppose them. Read
Bnkumin and others und see what
they saw The Bolsheviki havo not a
Si.rttblanco of Socialism with them. They
(Continued on page 0)
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eleventh year, No. 7    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
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'Ualtr ol Labor:  tk. Ebp. si Ib. World"
..February 14, 1919
IF THB PRESS reports as   to  tho
atatementa made on Sunday laat by
Peter Wright—who is   supposed   to
represent tho Seamen of Oreat Britain
—are true, and as they have not beon
contradicted by him it
WEIOHT can    be    takon    for
OB granted they aro sub*
WBONO stantially truo, it be
comes necessary to
analyze his stato'monts, and to show
that he does not represent British
Labor. Not very long Ago Havelock
Wilson, who is hoad of tho Seamen's
Union of Great Britain, hod occasion
to visit Glasgow, his reception was
rathor warm, and if it was not flattering It was at least boisterous. It was
so stronnons that he had to got under
cover by devious and subterranean
methods. As is well known, Havelock
Wilson has for somo considerable time
been voicing similar opinions to thoso
expressed by Peter Wright. It can
thereforo be taken for granted that
neither Havelock Wilson or Peter
Wright represent the opinion of Labor
in the Old Land, as Glasgow, being a
Urge industrial oentre, can bo takon
as a criterion as to tho opinion of La*
bor In that land.
*      *      «
Peter Wright ia not alone in hia opposition te the atrocities of the Huns
-or any other people. Tho working class
is opposed to rule by forco or barbarous methods no matter by whom theso
methods  are  used.   "War ia hell."
Everybody with brains must see this.
We have no brief for tho methods employed by the Germans in their conduct
■of the war, and can seo some grounds
for the attitude taken by tho seamen
-of Groat Britain.  They have suffered
torriblo   privations,   and  numbors  of
thom havo been destroyed by the most
-diabolical methods of warfare. But we
realizo that thc Huns are not the only
ones that havo earriod on war by moth-
ods of this kind. We aro aware of tho
war that has been carried on by tho
ruling   class    in    different   countries
against tho workors ih thoir efforts to
maintain autocracy. Wo are aware of
the barbarous methods usod against tho
(irking clnss of Paris at the time of
commune,  whon  the   streets   ran
[Sd nith blood of the workors, and of
ho barbarous and brutal treatment of
tho   working   class   in  Petrograd  on
Bloody Sunday not bo many years ago.
While Poter is advocating a boycott on
tho Huns, which, by the' way, is in lino
with tho ideas of tho manufacturers of
the Old Land, has ho aeon any incline-
tion on the port of the ruling class of
any of the allied nations, not to confer PBATE.
with the ruling class  of   the   enemy
eountrios.  Whilo so-called labor representatives have refused to moot representatives   of   the   German   Socialist
group, and until vory  recently,   and
thon enly with reluctance, tho ruling
•olass representatives havo refused to
sneet tho roprosentatlvos of tho Soviot
-governmont of Russia, the ruling class
representatives havo been meeting the
Oerman representatives. What a lot of
humbug thoro is in the world today.
And tho pity of it is, that men who aro
supposed to represent tho working class
are falling for it, and are assisting tho
ruling clnss of tho world, in preventing
an International  working  class  cohesion.
*•*• * *
While evory worker in this country
sympathizes with thc seamen of Great
Britain, nnd all workors and soldiors
who hnve suffered as a result of the
war, there can bo nothing gained by
the working class carrying on any
methods of boycot. So far as tho boy-,
totting of tho Hun in so far as trado
matters or in exchanging commodities
is concerned, it Is nono of tho business
FRIDAY...— February 14, 1»1»
that ho was a Socialist, wo agree with
him. Thc aim of tho Socialists is to
do away with tho cause of war. He
may say that the war was not a capitalistic war, but if capitalism had not
have-boon in oxiBtcnee thc war would
not havo come about. It may bo truo
that Germany was the aggressor, but
wny was sho tho ono to start it. What
motive lay behind tho Gorman military
systom, was it not to get a place in tho
sun? Was it not for oxpansion of her
trade and commerce! Has not evory
nation boon striving with might and
main to secure markets for their surplus products, and has not this state of
affairs been the cause of. the national
jealousies and intrigues, which made
not only the war referred to possible,
but othors that have taken plaoo prior
to tho -latest oxample of madness
brought about by tho oconomic -jealousies ot the different nationsf
♦      *       *
Another statemont that needs a Uttle
attention is tho one credited to Mr.
Wright, in which he states that the
reason that he had not been invited to
address a meoting under the auspices
of tho Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, was because thnt   body   had
heard   of  his  attitudo   to   what  ho
termed Bolshies in Toronto.   May wo
say that tho Vancouvor Trades and La
bor Council is not afraid of ten Peter
Wrights, that arrangements wore mado
for a meeting with representatives of
Labor on Monday aftornoon, through
tlio agency of Captain Worsnop who
was  acting on his behalf,  and that
tho labor representatives of this city
waited for fully half, and hour for him
to attond the meeting, but he did not
show up, is it possible that Petor heard
of tho calibre of the men that represents labor on thiB .coast, and that ho
was tho one that had cold foot. Judging from tho many statements which
this    gentleman has mado during the
timo ho has beon on tho coast, we are
inclined to believo that Mr. Wright Is
wrong, that he does not in the Irst
plaoo understand   the   working  olass
movement, that ho has a bourgeoise
outlook, and that he is not a Socialist,
If he were ho would be attending to
the business of tho workers, instead of
doing the master's business, in odvo
eating a boycott of Hun goods, which
as already statod is not tho business
of the workers. May we also add, tha£
ao tar as we know; there are not many
men in this land that prefer any other
eountry to their own. Because aa a matter..of fact tho workers have no country but aro. desirous of   having  one.
Tho  workors are striving to abolish
class ownorship of not only the natural
resources, but of tho working class itsolf, as well as the means of wealth
production. Tho Country is tho people,
or should bo. Thero aro no more patriotic mon in the world than those that
are striving tb bring about tho day
when the workors shall bo freo. Peter
should got thlB undor his hat, and when
ho doos ho may1 then say that he represents tho workors of tho old- or any
othor land. Until then Wright cannot
make Wrong Right.
labor' performed; a wago based
upon and commensurate with tlio
standard of life conforming to thc
civilization of the ti'moB."
* '.*■■ .JL' '   *
Thoso suggestions read almost like au
oxtraet from u speech of that great
"leader," Samuel Gompors, who has
prided himself on tho fact that the
Clayton Law states that tho labor power of tho human animal Is not a "commodity." Tho question of an adequato
wage is another old and hoary platitude, that has been mouthed until tho
workers aro tired of hearing it.
Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwalto is introducing a genoral eight-hour law, the
press reports as to the scope of this bill
would load ono to think that it was a
very tame affair, especially when it is
not to conflict with any existing legislation. Evon this bill is not to beeeme
law if tho Sun is to bo relied upon, as
in an oditorial It statos that it is likely
to bo defeated, and in a year or two it
will bo adoptod with somebody else's
namo attached to it. In the meantime,
the Labor organizations are getting
ready for tho introduction of a six-hour
day, not as a panccca for all tho Ills
of society, but as a palliative to covor
tho poriod of unemployment that is facing tho world. Mr. Hall may bo optim-
istic, but his optimism will not provido
employment. Lloyd George's statement
that if tho omployers are givon
chnnce, will not do tho trick, neithor
will the employment bureaus, or tho
suggestions beforo the Paris Labor conference. Tho oight-hour law, or tho
six-hour day, will at tho beat, relievo
the situation, and moves along thiB line
aro the only practical attempts to re*
Hove the suffering that must follow a
period of unemployment. By shortening tho work day, the work can be divided up, and by that method supply
ob many as possiblo with omploymont,
and thereby givo them sufficient to
maintain life.'
* *      *
Work, or exported goods, aro not
what the workera are interested in.
They are interested in bringing about
a change in the system, that makes unemployment inevitable. With the billions of tons of commodities producod
by the workera of Great Britain, which
wore exported, owned and controlled by
Labor which produced them, the workors would have been able to provide
for a good many of their wants. The
oause of all the trouble in the world,
is because labor power is a commodity,
and so long as that condition remains,
the workers will be. tho slavos of an
employing olass in society. The dispossessed will be faced with unemployment ,and capitalistic wars, and all the
evils from which society is heir to undor the present system of society. This
fact is boing daily realized by- the workors. Tho attitude of tho industrial organizations is proof of this fact. Tho
Seattle striko is proof of the fact that
tho workors ore boeoming class conscious. Such a striko could not havo been
pulled off prior to tho war.
* *       *
Lot those that think thoy ean bolster
up the present system of society, prate
about crushing what is termed Prus-
-oT~fhe - t^_^nr. The workers will not
-purchase Gerrhnn goods unloss thoy are
flrst purchased by tho manufacturing
or trading class, this is a mattor for
that section of the community, and not
tho concern of the working clnss, Poter
Wright has had a lot to say about tho
heroism of tho sailors whom ho Is sup*
.posed lo represent. Tho Navy League,
under whose auepiccH lie addressed tho
mooting on Sunday night, has also had
much to say about Ihe greatness of the
British Mercantile Marine. Ib this only
lip service. If not, how Is it thnt whon
British scamon tiro paid off at a British port on this coast, that they cannot
•got employment, without first going to
the U. 8. A. and signifying thcir will-
■ingiicss to become United Slates cltl-
*$ns. It is a well known fact that when
tnarino firemen on decp-aca ships are
paid off on this coast, that thoy aro
unablo to got n borth on any ship which
carries the British flag, thoy must go
to Seattle or some other U. S. port to
get a berth, becauso our patriotic ship*
owners prefer the cheaper brand of labor o'f tho Asiatic. What has tho Navy
League and Poter Wright lo say regarding conditions such as thesot What
have they to say about our British Merchant Marine which is manned by
Aaiatles In practically evory . depart
mont below dooksf Tho Asia, which is
the property of the C. P. R., has two
hundred and twenty-fivo Asiatics employed In tho stokehold, and other parts
of tho ship. Sure it ia a glorious thing
fhis "British Mercantile Marino Servico,' '
*      * .   *
However, to return te Petor's statements at the meeting on Sunday. One
etitomeat was that Socialism would be
all right if it wero not for the Socialist.. That is true, nnd aB Peter stated
THE WORLD is to havo a surfeit
of legislation if all we hear is true.
Many parliaments are assembled,
and the elected representatives aro getting off thoir usual speeches for the J sianism in industry, and those that talk
consumption of thoir "'•out work for the workers, continuo
LBT constituents.      Thc  to Kct off ""•■■•' nonsensical mouthings.
THEM' Mother    of    Parlia*  L"' Samuel Gompors, and all that are
ments   lu   tho   Old as dense as ho is, proclaim that labor
Land   is   assembled, P0"*" is not a commodity, and lot om-
and the Canadian institution will short- Payment bureaus bo established, and
It is Absolutely Necessary
for the Workers to
Use Both
ly bo in session, and tho provincial
houso is now sitting at Victoria. Lloyd
Goorge is reported as stating, that if
tho employers aro given a chanco, thero
will bo plenty of work. But ho also
stated that "Prussianism in industry
would bo crushed," just aa it was
crushed on tho continent of Europe.
That statemont sounds fine, especially
whon It is remembered that it was
mado while he had in mind tho prevailing unrest in tho industrial contres of
the,Old Land. In tho samo speech, ho
statod that prior to tho wnr, Great
Britain exported ono billion tons of
goods, and it was figured thnt hnlf of
tho eost of thoso goods w(is wages. In
caso it should bc lost sight of, lot it
be understood that the workors of that
land, producod by all of these eonimo
dittos, that wore exported.
* * .   *
Porhaps the only speech  thot has
boen mado in the local houso, in roply
to tho lieutenant-governor's speech
thnt wsb worth listening to, was that
of Major Burde, and ho hns not yet
grasped tho only solution to the
trouM.s or the soldiers and workerB,
Mr. H. C. Hall, one of tho mombors for
Victoria, is very optimistic. In his
speech, ho stated thnt there would be
plonty of work for all. Ho also statod
that there waB enough demnnd in tho
lumbor industry alone, to keop all the
men in tho province busy. It will bo
noted, that like Lloyd George, he
prophesying that thoro will be lets of
work, quito losing sight of the fact,
what the workera aro most needing is
not work—they havo had lots of thai—
but the common necessities of life, and
the full product of their toil. Hii
statoment that thoro ifl work for all
thc mon. in tho provinco in tho lumber
industry, is just ns reliable ns nny
other statomont that has been made in
the local house, In so far as the pros*
pects uro for Labor. At this time Vancouver is full of men that follow the
lumbor Industry, and there are no jobs
for thom. From roliablo sources, wo
learn that there are two thousand returned mon in thie vicinity that aro
without omploymont, and there aro
thousands of others that aro not able,
to soouro "work." Tho Dominion
governmont is establishing omploymont
bureaus all ovor the country. And
many and woird aro tho schemes that
are boing brought forward to keep the
workora quiet, during tho period of reconstruction.
* *       *
Two of the suggestions bofore tho
Paris Labor conference, are as follows:
"That In law and In practice the
principlo shall bo recognized that
the lahor of a human being Is not
a commodity or an article of commerce."
"It shall bo declared that an
adequate wage shall bo paid for
minimum wago boards fix wages, and
adequato wages be fixed iu accord with
present-day civilization, but none of
these things will stop the.robbery of
the working class. Tho employing
class would rather givo the six-hour
or any othor palliative measure,
soonor than give up tho system which
gives it tho profits, that,, aro wrong
from thoso that toil. But Labor is not
to be fooled any longer. Labor powor
is a commodity, and that is tho cornerstone of tho boasted woalth of the ruling olass, and the aim of labor is to free
Itsolf from tho class ownorship, and
rulo which makos it necessary for the
workors to soil that powor, and to givo
np tho product of their toil, to a para*
slto class in society. Tho workors are
determined to establish a systom of
production for uso, instead of for profit,
That aecomplishod, thc nostrums of the
ruling class will be eaat Into the gar*
bago heap.
One of the most noticoablo things in
these days of trades unions, Ib tho fact
that membors of tho Typographical
Unton are daily setting mattor for tho
press that is intondod to mitigate
against tho activities of Organized
Labor. Just recently tho press, or to
bo correct, ono of the local "nows*
papers," if. it can bo legitimately call*
ed by that nnme, haa published somo of
thu vilest, and most venomous and malicious tirades against tho working
class movement possible. At Phoenix,
Arizona, reeontly, a soldiers and workmen's council wns formed. According
to proBB notices, the first official aet of
this organization, wns the passing of a
resolution favoring a, censorship by thc
Typographical Union of ull matter regarding union labor sent to newspaper
composing rooins. Wo pass tho suggestion along to the members of tho
Typographical Union of this provinco,
and to those members of that organization working on tlio sheet which has
so often digressed over the line of even
capitalistic newspaper ethics, which in
tho best of cireitin.stnnees is not of a
high order. '
Tho "break" made by ,1. H. Hawthornthwaite somo weeks ago in Victoria with reference to thc Russian
Bolshoviki, was, as was expected, heralded all over tho country by tho capitalistic press. Tho Ottawa Citizen had
tho following to say in reference to tho
Influence that Hawthornthwaite would
havo on the opinions of lubor in this
"Ho is the most powerful voice
in the ranks of labor in British
Columbia and ho announces his intention of touring tho province,
making speeches in every community in the effort to check any
growth o'f the Bolshevist movoment
in British Columbia. His Influence
iB likely to go a long way toward
this end."
Now, wo aro not disposed to quarrel
with the Ottawa Citizon aa to tho volume of J. H, II.'■ voice, but wo do
tako exception to any undue emphasis on the influence that he er any
Workers Must Direct Their
Activities to Cause,
Not the Effects
Upon every hand there is evidenoe of
a desire to reconstruct something, what
that something is is determined by the
material intorests of the particular reconstruction body. Some aro desirous
of reconstructing thiB of "that religious
belief, others are trying baok to the
land schemes; somo are strong on tho
scheme to install portable banks in various parts of tho world, and othors aro
advocating a campaign of oducatlon to
offset tho falso doctrines that are boing propagated throughout the land.
Tho cry is hoard on evory hand "Lot
capital and labor got togothor" but
tho army of unomploycd still grows,
and the old gag about tho identity of
interests of capital and labor is being
daily exposed. The capitalist interests
both largo and small aro fighting tooth
and nail to prevent labor's voice from
being hoard. A member of tho working
class was run for tho Vancouver city
counoil recently and all the petty larceny schemes dear to the heart of the
capitalist class were indulged in to prevent the voice of labor being heard
on that august body, and now this
body refused to accept the nominee of
tho central labor body on the library
board all of which ia perfectly in lino
with the polloy of "Let oapital and labor get together." A short time ago
British labor went to the bat with the
British sootion of the capitalist class;
the British laborites drew up a platform that did not by any means seek
to decapitate any momber of the capitalist class; its main plank being the
guaranteeing to all a living In sickness
and in health in goodi and bad times
alike—what happened! The representatives of the British ruling elan swept!
the country, or at least that ia what
the daily press would bave ua believe,
but what really . happened was that
Lloyd George obtained a large majority
of scats with a small majority of votes
all of .whieh goos to ahow that labor
has got to use both hands in its fight
with capital. In othor words, lt has
got to fight with its industrial arm as
well as with its political arm. Labor
would do woll to remember that "The
Lord giveth and tho Lord takoth
away." Tho ballot was given to the
workera by tho master clasB and tho
mastor class can and doos tako it away
again. The war-tlmos olection act iB
ovidonce of that. Thero may como a
time when tho workers may bo hindered again in thoir action at the ballot
box and unloss there other arm is in
an efficient working ordor, tho ruling
class may succeed in* continuing in tho
position of a ruling elasa for a further
poriod of timo. That tho workers of
Canada at loast have not got an economic arm strong enough to perform
this function is apparent. This shows
the need for still anothor reconstruction
schemo, namely, the reconstruction ofl
tho trado union movemont. '
The working class is thc only class
that can reconstruct society upon
lasting basis, and unless it has
efficient organization, the process of
reconstruction will be accompanied by
chaos. To efficiently represent the
workers the economic organisation
must perform a twofold function. It
must first enable the workers to light
their evcry-day batles for wages, houn
of labor and condltlona and secondly it
must offer a final solution td the problom on emancipation from strikes, lookouts and wage slavery.
The present constituted craft union
movement fulfills tho \ first condition only partially, duo to tho sectional
naturo of the movement with its cumbersome machinery.
It fails absolutely to perform the
second function, as it morely deals with
effects instoad of attacking causes. It
has been well said that "Tradea unions
act well as centers of resistance against
the encroachments of capitalism,"
thoy retard its downward tendencies
but do not change their direction. They
fail partially from an injudicious use
of their poweri. They fail generally by
adopting a guerilla warfare against thp
effects of tho system, instead of using
the organized forces as a lever to bring
about tho abolition of the wago syatem. When the economic movement
takes upon itsolf tho fulfillment of tbis
funotion it will bo adopting "political" action'for any action that seoks
change tho form of government Is political action, so tho workers would be
well advised to ceaso quarrelling about
tho respoctivo merits of "economic"
and "politieal" action and mako preparations to organizo industrially tho
power to tako and hold, and to use
thoir political knowledge and rights to
control, by sb doing they will be saved
from going through tho process that
thoHussinn workers wero fortod totako
namely, to take a atop back and organize Industry after they havo captured
the reins of government. It is true that
industry is backward in Russia, bnt
nevertheless in spite of tho advanced
naturo of industry on tho Amorican
continent, tho need is still hero for tho
workers to get togothor Industrially In
ordor to prepare thomaelves for tho
management of industry whon tho Inevitable crash comes.
That thc workors desire a better form
of organization is plainly evident, for
did not the B. 0. Federation of Labor
pass a resolution condemning craft organization and did not the Tradea and
Labor Congross reject some six omsov*
en resolutions advocating the formation
of a committee to draw up a plan of
ndustrinl organization. Tho cry is
heard on evory hand for the formation
of a class organization to put in the
place ef the present out-of-date craft
In a vory short time a western conference wul be held and lt is to be
hoped that this conferees will give this
matter its earnest consideration and
lay the foundation for amA an organization. Of course, sueh a move will
meet with opposition from tho Sammy
Gompers international! craft unions,
but if theae internationals! get In the
road the new form of organization will
have to run over them. However, if an
industrial organization can be started
and obtain sufficient strength at the
start, Sammy Gompers will no doubt
give it his blessing and let the heads
of. the varloua craft unions gnash their
teoth over the loss of the per capita
boss. Thore are several industrial organizations affiliated with the A. F. of
L. at present and onee the move is
made it will not be long before the
workera will be together ln one big union, when they will at laat be a power
to be reckoned with, for the day of the
sectional strike will be at an end and
no longer will the workors scab on one
• "II you sre fond ol a pretty love .lory,
It you enjoy . delightful mingling ol Iragb*
ter .nd tears, then you'll go Into raptures
over next week', play, "For tbe Man She
Loved." Thst ".11 the world love. .
lover'' is amply proven by tbe - Let that
the biggest selk*ra among book, are the love
stories, and tbe moat popular plays are thoa.
that bave Dan Cupid aboottng bla arrows at
the principal characters. Margaret Marriott
will be Been as tbe heroine of thla delightful
romance, and tbe put la Juat suited to her
particular style of acting. The Empress
Stock Company will have tbe distinction of
being the first to produce this play In Can-
ads, and soma special featurea have heen
arranged for the matinees. *****
other individual may have on labor In
this province. It is ono of the outstanding features of tho working olass
movement of this provinco that it la
not swayed by any individual,* and all
stateittents are taken an analyzed by
the workora boforo they accopt or reject them. Possibly in no part of the
world is thore more Intelligent discussion of working class problems than
In the Province of British Columbia,
and tho effect of Hawthornthwalte, or
any other personality, will not be very
large on an Intelligent proletariat. The
truth will be siftod, from tho statements of all either alleged er credited
labor " loaders," and only those statements that line up with the facta will
be accepted by the workers of Britlah
The' beautiful comedy-drama
A gold mine of sentiment and
Mom:   lie, SSe and Me
* Noxt WMk
"PUTTING IT OVER"        '
Othtr Big Fntuns
Maple Leaf
One week Commencing
The-Dainty Star
in Bond"
A gripping, absorbing
sttfry, giving you a peep
at life behind the scenes
Maple Leaf
Today and Saturday
"Just Girls"
A Vaudeville Classic
Four Other Big Acts
The Home of
(Big Time)
Programme Changed
Monday and Thursday
1 to 11
Matinee '...:*. _-.10c, 20c
Evening......10c, 20c, 30c
Nearly every man now wears a signot ring—he doesn't
fool that his dress is complete without one. And we ean
supply tho ring—light or heavy, plain or fanoy, engraved
in any style. Wo are able to offer quality, workmanship,
and above everything else, value.
Made in our own workihopi    lot us Ihow you
0*0. S. Trorey.
Man. Dte.
Granville ft
Georgia Sta
"The House Behind the Goods"
Pancake Flour
He who seeks a faultless friend rests
Doa't slow any jo.r span mth la .
aar old eorner whar. II fi ta daanr
from burster, or In.
Tk. Kirebaat. Bank of Oaaada .1*.
tm 70a MrtMt sal.tr Im roar
mow. aad wttl **1t. ros fan built,
Jrnaiil '°"* ****** ** mte
Intone!  allowed  oa  aariais   d>
0. H. BTACBT, Umn
OnavlU. aad P.nd.r
■> W. 0. JOT, Haaanr
Hasting, aad Carrall
Blag np Phona Seymonr SSS4 for
Dr. W, J. Curry
Suit* sol Dominion Balldiai
        ol aar .alia la Oaa_	
>peel«l nu lor Tk. Mmtknbt. HM
pur.e----tte.lebe- 10.rmu.ls ..alia.
UNION MEN, de yon know
that the next striko In Vaneonver is going to bo an
It will bo the -greatest strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership In the SUBSET OIL CO., LTD.
Don't wait until "EVERYBODY" knows there is oil ln the
Fraser Valley,
All tho Directors of this Company aro, or formerly -were.
UNION mon, representing FIVE
different Unions. They know
your position, therefore yoa are
assured of a straight deal.
The 8UBBEY OIL CO. ahares
aro the best buy in the city.
Call and I will prove it. LIMITED ISSUE, 5 oents per share.
Small capitalisation, large holdings.
Get your ordors in QUICK.
Can only be obtained from
6. Gatheral Fleming
Phone Sey. 4347
Opon till 9 Satruday evening.
nrcoBFO-unD mm
Bank of Toronto
Aaoeto.. .184.000,000'
BnHHttl  03,000,000
Joint Savings Account
AJWWT Savtata Asmat may he
op.a.4 .1 Tk. Buk ol ToSmto
»»__.-* -J* **** •»'•»•» atate
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^%^-mE*£S!!? w  *t—'
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Vsuoanr Breast:
Clients who patronise my
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- Every modern method
known In tho science of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain. .
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Evenings 7 to S
o'clock.  Dental NuraS li
Ovor OM Drug Store .
'     .    none Sey. SMS
Our .Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible conaiitent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Roger* Building
»46 Halting! Street
Burberry Coats
at both storei
J. W. Foster
E_£_0_■.,1C'.!, **»j*f*_H _ea\°S.
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» tt TgJraOMB OQT Mp. -DAY- .February 14, 1918
eleventh yeab, No. 7   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
- The American Clothes Shop
There's Style
in These
$25.00 Suits
STYLE—not just how the clothes are
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—that's our notion of it—the right
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Combine with this, QUALITY that tells in
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In the new patterns or plain colors, Serges,
Worsteds and Homespuns.
53 HASTINGS WEST   ""**"
KropotUn Joint Bussian Worken.
Paris, Prance.—A dispatch published
Lo Populalre for January 8, con-
Ins a report that Princo Kropotkln
jethelr with Maxim Gorky, Martof,
jiridonlva and others, have joined
ads with the Soviet governmont in
o interests of a freo Bussia.
the death of Kropotkln has beon an
nounced a dozen times. He waa arrested because of the publication over his
signature of an appeal inviting the
Bussians to assist the English and
French army of Invasion. On the day
df'TEeUnt anniversary of the Soviet,-
a goneral amnesty wbb voted, under the
promise of which Princo Kropotkln was
Mcycles of Real Value-Tisdali's STANDARD
N ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been our flrst
consideration.   We therefore offer you an exceptionally
trong wheel at a very moderate prioe.
*.00  Hand Made
Pr. Working Boots
his is thc biggest bargain—uml there has beon many—that
have offered during this sale. Guaranteed all hand-made;
_rome or oil tan uppers, heavy double sole; sll leather heels
nd counters. The best working boot made; there is just
bout 40 pairs, and the sizes are complete. -
leg. values to $12.60.   To clear	
8 PINE 8BOBS—With fine gunmetal or dark tan up-
i, white Neolin sole and heel; Goodyear welted, built on a
mart, good-fitting last ,and the stook throughout is No. 1
uality. Regular $9.00 and $9.50.
ale p-rfoc	
(ring yonr repairs here and hare thtm done the right way.
Pierre Paris
One Doer West of Columbia Theatre
(By a Working SUA) <
By far the most generous lines of
capitalist reconstruction are laid down
by the New Republic of New Tork.
Iti ideas are far ahead of anything
our own press ventures to discuss or
even look at But juat because it
reads to fair the more carefully meat it
be examined by Labor. Open enemies
and crude reactionaries are not dan-
£ irons to Labor; they are helpful. It
agalnat the fair worda of those who
would capture, to botray, our trust and
conidence that we mnst guard. Bnt
for the New Bepubllc, summarised •—
Everyone knows we ought not to
return to exactly the atate of affairs
that obtained before the war.
"The most devoted admirers af dayi
gone by de not want the railways returned to their ownen.
"Nobody want! business to go baek
te Hi old conditions.
"Only the moit reactionary few desire to iee relations of capital and
labor restored to pre-war footing.
"Then, in Heaven'■ name, let ue talk
about the thingi we propose to do.
"At all times there muit be work
at living wages for everyone, Dan or
"But suppose there is not work for
everyone! That is an absurd supposition. So long aa there aro wants to be
satisfied there ia work to bo done. Employment for all is an essential of the
new era.
"Tho incapacitated worker must be
supplied with an adequate flow of necessities. The uncertainty that has attended labor incomea must be lifted;
that is fundamental,
"If private enterprise cannot meet
the cue we muit effect iti reorganiia-
tlon, or thruit it aside.
"But we are not Wedded to meani;
only to ends.
" Buslneas is primarily an instrument
for supplying social needs, and only
secondarily a Held for private proflt.
"It li not essential that differences
in private fortune! ihould be eliminated. It ii not enentlal that the
itruggle of men for position and power ihould be abated.
"If private enterprlie cannot provide work, then the itate mnst, through
the taxing power, be employed to the
"We did net stint onr resource! in
our war agalnit the Kaiier.
"Greater enemies than the Kaiier
ever was are:—
" 'Uncertainty of tomorrow'! bread,
Insanitary living quarters,
Undernourishment of children,
Education rendered ineffective,
The profits of child labor.'
"If we are wise wo shall not stint
our resources in our war against theie
enemies. ,
"Victory in this warfare is the only
guarantee wo can have that eur Institutions will not go the way of those
that have been tried and found want*
Jupposing this capitalist compro
miser came to thia working stiff to have
his plan of reconstruction endorsed, we
can imagine the following dialogue:
"Worker: Youra ia a hopeful attl
tudo ,and I am nt unwilling to discuss
these matters. Just lay to one aide
your reconstruction plan for a mo*
mont. We may como to It presently.
Now, what are the institutions for
which you desire tho guarantee of continued existence, and a future career
functioning reconstruction!
"Capitalist—Our democratic insti
tutlons, of courso, modified, adapted
reorganized—in a word, democratize:
to the fullest extent necessary to carry
out tho far-reaching scheme outlined.
"Workor—A nappy, now idea, yon
think. But it's really a vory old one.
It has been tried already, and tested
to ita farthest limit. Capitalistic-democratic Institutions have been strained
to the breaking point, in these late
days, reforming thomsolves and turning ont reforms for us, and the remit
la a ghastly failure and disappoint
ment. Almoit every eountry, and community of eternally hopeful mortals has
tried it. Well, yeu see the outcome.
You admit it'i a desperate ease, and
calls for heroic resolves on your part.
The truth of thli whole matter, liko
its fellows, is at the bottom of a well,
and yon havo to dig down for it. Don
overalls for a spell, brace your nerves
o' the mornings early for the sound of
tho whistle, go the speed-up pace for
long, monotonous houra; be happy, if
you can, at the glint of the more er
Iosb slum-sick smile of sweetheart and
look well Into it. I promise you that
the logio ef fact, hiBtory and experience, closely scanned, will make short
work of yonr guarantee for institutions.
'' Capitalist—Demooratiic them organically; they are plastic to our wllla in
tho moral upheaval that hae taken
possession of our minds,
"Worker—Nothing doing. You are
bad psychologists. Yon haven't been
through our school. We workers regard instittulons as we do tho machines
we work with—things of beauty, a Joy,
when thoy turn out exactly thc things
they wore designed to turn out. But
when you ask ns to tinker them up,
to turn out something different—no, we
couldn't do that. We admire them too
woll for that. We aro of the artist
tribo, not botchers. We would rather
scrap them, and design and build now
machines—niw initiations, for oxaet-
ly the purpoies and ends desired. Don t
you think that's tho moro workmanlike way in tho long run!
"Capitalist—Granted; provided tho
peoplo as a whole consent. But thero s
tho rub. There would be trouble—revolution, Bolshevism; Bnd the outcome is
doubtful. *       ,
"Workor—Not nccesBarily. Bovolu*
tion—bloodshed, you mean—is not in
our programme. But It ts in tho capitalists.' We havo no police, arms,
army or navy, and couldn't play you
nt that game. But we havo somothing
that is bloodless and stronger—we havo
no doubt about the outcome.
"Capitalist—We agree thon, that a
step at a time—a good, long strido this
timo, li tho bettor way!
"Worker—Strides can bo retracod
A long strido forward—one a Uttle
longor backward, won't got ub far,
Shorter houra and bottor pay mean
moro work and loss to eat, that is, U
milled through your guarentood inati*
tutionfl. Could not poMibly moan anything elso. .   ,
"Capitalist—Beforms, I tako it, are
simply a clearing of the way—a covering of the ipace intervening between
na and tke goal. Yon cannot 'get
there' except by going.
"Worker—True. Bnt yeu want to
tarry by the way, and low lt; and we
would mlii onr chance of 'getting
thore.' Lloyd Qeorge il going to reform the Houn of Lordi, with a Tory
government—he *i going to make it
(tke Lords) stronger.  Ton get all fuss
and feathers over a itinking Industrial
Home for Boya; salve yonr consciences
and feel good again. The hundreds
of induitrlal homes in the city can
now stink away lafely.
"Capitalist—I demur to your liaid-
ment of the ease. To b. fair yon have
to take account of the great moral
wave that marki the end of the war.
A discussion is no good if yon Amply
examine one aide of a case. The moral
wave ii a big factor againat yoar negative attitude.
"Worker—Whsn the devil was lick
ths devil a saint wonld be-jron know
the reit. Tour gnat moral wave Is
only a sickness. Bnt I consider It. If
yon only Stayed sick I might
perhapi, try to reconstruct with aural
fonei, as ws somstlmes try ts destroy
with moral thwacks. Bat yon have a
trick of getting well again; and thea/
again, morality haa nauy bnt little to
uo witk the matter. Age has hardened
the artieries of yonr institutional they
wouldn't itand the preuure of new
blood. Tou have gospel for it—don't
put new wine into old bottles. Onr
Christ well knew the truth of what I
speak. Did He plead for a guarantee
for the institutions of His day! It has
boen said of old time, 'An eye for an
eye and a tooth for a tooth,' but I
■ay unto yon, 'Beturn good for evil-
resist not evil.' He even asked you
to reverie the leven of your brain. He
was hanged, of course, for sedition—
so are we. But take it from another
slant. The church is, no doubt, one of
tho institutions yon have in -view for
guarantee, and help in rcconitruction!
"Capitalist—The church hai a place
—neither of us ean aim beyond the
ideals of the church.
"Worker—Ideals of the church, as
an institution, are a lotion of the
nursery. Did iti Master not tell you
to judgo a tree by its fruit! And
what ii the fruit! Imperlaliami, poverty midst plenty, filth and ignorance.
Why! The church alwaya opposed the
education of the people—all else follows. Better men than yon or I, abler
men, holler men, if yon will, with all
the poweri of ehnnh and itate at their
command, at many tlmei, as favorable
as now, Med to do just what you propose, and juit as yon propose it, and
they failed miserably. They tried to
get your institutions to mill their ideals
into actualities. Beautifully true to
their purpoie, the institutions processed
the ideali Into what! In a peace-time
that wai intolerable, a hell; they cry
'Havocl let loose the dogs ef war.'
Aa a younger man .and church member,
I blamed the church entirely for the
unrighteousness of conditions. Now) I
know bettor. I then thought if all our
city's ministers would form themselves
into a black brigade, march to all our
ruling boards and oxohanges, and lay
down tho law, a threat in their eye-
clear My Father's Temple, In short, of
money-changers and profiteers—then I
thought all would bo lovely. But our
rulers' halls are not My Father's Tomplo, and tho shortcomings of the churah
aro loss heinous to mo now.
"Capitalist—But what I ask is to
draw a distinction between institutions
that won't and those that can't realize
our ideals. Lot. us scrap those that
can't, ana make those that won't do
their work.
"Worker—There is no distinction:
they won't becauso thoy oan'tt—that
is, most all of them.
"Capitalist—Partisan judgments ore
onesided and blasod and ns suoh inadequate Does it come to-this, that'
a party, mado up mostly of the unlit
and uneducated, are to rule and mnnngo
"Worker—You are a momber of our
legislature; do you, yonr colleagues
and cabinot know your business! What
olass to you grade in economics and
related sciences! It is the unfit and
ignorant that rulo now, isn't itl
Capitalist—Perhaps thoy are better
potted than you imagine.
"Worker—Perhapi. That perhapi ia
the strongest certificate you daro give
them, You demand a better testimonial than that from your office boy.
Capitalist—Would you replace them
by the same number of soap-box orators!
"Worker—I could better them by
the same number of soap-box orators.
But you don't knew them and cannot
compare them with your bourgeois
friends. Let me assume you are. an interested stranger, and show you round
our city. Nothing much to show in
the way of brick and mortar; you
have seen botter. There is scenery,
but that can be enjoyed better alone,
casually, liko music and Mona Lisa.
I'll take you to our city fathors to our
Board of Trade, our Heal Estate Exchange, among our M. P.'s and
M. L. A.'s end assume you aro a man
of parts, alive, alert to all .vital interests of humanity today. How will
you rate thom! Barren, sterile, stunted
artists, If you have money, look out.
Tou will meet snares and schemes to
rid you of it. No, they won't pick
your pockots—investment they.call it.
Now let mo tako you down to a dilapidated old chapel at tho corner of Ponder and Dunlevy and introduce you
thero. You will flnd men as alivo and
alort mentally as yourself, connected
with overy centre of thought and business on tho planet by a wonderful
wireless, and who can talk to you In
procise, elenrcut lnnguago, penetrative,
interpretative—not adrift on the raging Ben of world thought and events.
Wo will go noxt to the Labor Tomplo.
Horo you will meet mon und women,
disciplined, trained in hand and brain,
mentally and manually, und equally interested in tho laws of navigation for
humanity. And wo will take in tho
university, whero you will moot tho
samo characters of mon and womon,
moro polished outwardly, porhaps, but
tho same in their views and interests,
in their reverence for tho man wbo
knows, who can tell nnd teach."
Horace Earner Back
Horace Baynor, of the O. E. F., and
a member of the A. S. U. B, Carpentors, is back from overseas. He iB look-
:ng woll, and paid a visit to the Fed,
ifflce thia week.
Plumbers and Steam nttns
Most of the memben of the Humbert
hnd Steamfitten that have been on the
sick Hit, are baek to work again.
Trade is not mr good, about twenty-
five memben being unemployed.    .
Two pictures: Hon. John. Oliver,
•peaking at the attieixed luncheon of
thl Botary Club; honeit farmer John,
talking In a common meeting plate,
plain politics to plain people. What a
contratt! What a cluing, kas sowar
"Then ia a gnat aaid," said Premier Oliver to th* Botarlans, "for a
careful campaign of education-education net for such men u an gathered
hin, but for th. muses." And it is
not sny Chautauqua he hat in mind.
Nor ii it anything liberal It la to be
an education which "muit" do what
tha honorable and learned gentleman
hu decided ahould bo done. "Mum"
don't know what'a good for thtm, Thty
muit be fed mental pabulum after the
manner, ao to ipeak, In which calvci
are fed.
Mr. Patrick Burns will teach the
flnt lesson. Sir William McKenzie will
follow. They are exports In their lines.
Then will come Mr. C. H. Cahan, u,
ominont in flnance aa ho la in law,
whom Sir Bobert Borden put at the
head of the Unrest Department.*He
will specialize in theory. If my more
teachers are wanted Commissioner Mc*
Innis will advertise for them.
BMS-rOL  HOTBL   »MOK.   Ull   DISH-
vn__s sx., saiubo£t, t mi
1500 worth of ensue! wan tall kills),
10 toilet sua, 1 dos. bran uspidors, t doi.
"8 '""h * l" 0| *™ tU hrsis Malls,
slicks, old aatiqua vases, SO pain ot msa's
working boots (nswlr half-solid), a lot ol
ladles' shoos, glassware an deseriplloas, lot
ol tools, fed sprints* suitresses, brass, ohlaa
otMasts, alalut aultsa, drown, oonunodoe,
•sir ebalm, tables, eMMna'a eoli, Dates,
port, pltehsrs, gramophones lad records, ns
stoves, reuse,, trunks, sofas, la fast ovsrr-
IMai tae.liu.blt.   Slock oa view every day.
Stjmonr 668     , *igtt Phono, tsj. 8014*0
To  Hold   Saturday  Sales
O, r. Brint Forc-id to Mon Into Ui|»r
Qnuttrs tn Bristol Hotel
0, P, Brine, who ume to Vancouvor nine
months ago to recuperate hia Health, .which
had Buffered daring more thnn two yAr» on
Mtlve servioe, created his own opportunity
for success In civil lifo by starting an sue-
Monitoring and sale bunineis at 1056 Granville fitreet. So rapidly did It expand that
he moved on Saturday to larger quarters in
the Bristol Hotel building, where he will
have better faeHitifH as an auctioneer, valuator and appraiser, He Is also ft earpenW
•nd Joiner, and makes a epeclatty of jobbing, furnishing estimates on pieces ut work
which customers may havo in view. When
everything has been put In order at his n»w
auction rooms ho Intends holding an auction
sole each Haturday. Ho is also prepared to
conduct Hales In any part of the province
for people wishing to -soil out all nr port nf
their effects.
Hr, Brine Is a veteran of the'Boar war,
having served in South Africa during 1901*
08. He saw active eervlca In the Oreat tt ar
for two yton ond three months, returning
to Conodo then only brcause lllnois mode
him nntt for mllltory doty.
on j the weather is neither
thing nor Uie other and yon
hardly now whether to buy a
spring nit sr » fall suit or an
SWrisat. Let ns tell yen what
to do. Ve have sot men s wau
iMorted itock of genuine Sne
woollens of quality and degree
tnat we ean get nin ont of all
yonr troublei. We "tan tell you
a suit suitable for promt wsar
ttat will ba comfortable, up-to-
date and fashionable ln Spring,
or wa eaa tell yon aa ultra*
fashionable Spring Suit that will
bs wanS enough for present
wear, or we ean sell yon a heavy,
Hi*** ot medium overcoat All
you nave to do it to come ia aad
save a talk with na; let us ihow
yon oar atock of woollens aad
onr method of making; If you're
not needing a Spring Suit yet, It
ia still worth your while to eome
in because we eaa take yonr or
der, reserve yonr material and deliver a little later to suit yonr
convenlenee. Veil meet yon all wayi—price included. For men
we make at from ISO np aad for women at *40 np, witk a guarantee of perfect lit and absolute satisfaction.
St West
U01sa Store
$10.15 per ton
W8DKMDAY, IBB. 19, 8 PJ1
loor-room Salt*—Bonk ef Hamilton Bldg.
This furniture la  equal to ony sold by
publlo auction:   Parlor—Helntsmsn plaoo, 8
leather easy chain, bookcase, music cabinet,
all brass chandeliers, 1 bos bed lounge, mirror, oak centre table, pnrior table, stool, Jardiniere stand, 2 Wilton rugs.   Living room—j
Sewing machine,  fumed oak rocking chow
lady's  writing   desk   ond   chair,   tapeitfy
rug, pitcher,   eto.    Bedroom—One   dresser,
cheffonter, all brass bod  (coll springs), cot
and mattress,  centra  tablo, Wilton carpet,
small rags, bedroom oholr ond stand, Gibson
picture, etc.    Kitchen-—Electric toaster and
Iron, kitchen table,  carpet   sweeper,   ward*
robe, cooking utensils, eto.   A lot of other
articles too numerous to mention.   All tho
above articles  oro  first-class and will sell
on their merit.    I wish to announce, also,
sale at my atore, 1818 Granville, amy Sot*
urdoy.   Articles of all kinds.   Stock on view
dolly.   -Ooodo-oold privately as well as by
Oet off cor corner Oranvllle and Davie.
SermoBr ISS        tTlfht Phoae, Ssy. SOU-O
Save Money
on Tools
Onr Stock and Prices Are Bight
Patronise Foderationist   advertiien
and tell tbem way yon do so.
Household Preparations
Oat-Bate Most
Specials—Friday ft Saturday
STo Crem. Sleevo .«.-.
SOo Brook's Bahr Barter .
19c Mlaard's UaSaoat.
Tic Aster's Sails	
SOe Orchard Walls	
S1.SS Olive OU ..____.
SOe Theatrical Cream ...
Me Sempre Glorias -...
SOe Bay Ram
Sl.00 Ltqan Fstnlaea	
Tie Blunted Maiaeeie .._
Mo Ola Pills ____..
Sl.00 Nnated bn	
SSs Mennen's Tal-ram .
SSe Reld's Witch Basel Cream ,	
SOe Parish's Chsalsel Food .SSe
SSo Syrup White Plat aad Tar....lSc
60« Esston's Brrap a.—~ .SSe
lis Oriental Bsth Bosp  10c
SOo Kmolitled Coesaaat OU .—SSa
{1.50 Vsennm Bottles  SIM
t.00 Hair Brushes STe
SOo Chase's Nerve Pood .....,...__40c
Cunningham Hardware Co.
Agent fer McClary's Banges
Wat Tax Bxln Whin Retains
Vancouver Drag Co.
Original Ont-Bate Drsiflsts
MS Haitian W. • Sn. IMS aat IMS
T Button W. Scr-SSSS
TSS Onavllls St Her-7011
Oor. Oruvllle ul Bream?        ,    .
■if. Mil aad 17410-
IIS Mala Stmt Sip. SMS
JTOO OontMal Drive
Publishes the Following
Declared by Danis J. O'Neill, Barristcr-at-Law
(of the Irish and British Columbia Bar)
(Lennie, Clark, Hooper and O'Neill)
I   Danis J. O'Neill, of the City of Vancouver, iu the Province of British Columbia,
« Do Solemnly Declare that
as follows
1. THAT 1 am a member ol* the Main Committee of tho Moderation League.
2. THAT I am not in any way connected with or interested in any Distilling, Brewing,
or other Liquor industry or business in any way whatsoever and to the best of my knowledge, information and belief no person ou the said Committee, or who organized and originated the Moderation Movement is in any way connected with or interested in any such business or industry.
3. THAT no funds for the purposes of the League have been received or promised front
any sources connected with any such business or industry and that onc of the expressed principles of the organization is that no funds shall be received from any such source.
i. THAT the League has been formulated solely by and at the instance of citizens who believe that the best interests of the Province will bo served by Legislation directed towards
the moderation in the use rather than by prohibiting the uSe of Liquor.
AND I make this solemn 'Declaration, conscientiously believing it to bo true nnil knowing that
it is of the same force and effect as if made under oath and by virtm* of the "Canada Evidence Act."
DECLARED before mc at Vancouver in the
Province of British Columbia this fourth day
oi" February, A. D. 1919.
A Commissioner for taking affidavits within
British Columbia.
(Signed)   DENIS O'NEII-L
Identical declarations have also been sworn hy thc following:
J. M. Lay (Mgr. Imperial Bank of Canada), W. A. Ward* (W. A. Ward & Co.), E. H. Bcuz-
ley (Managing Director Union Steamship Co. of B. C. Ltd.), P. W. Rounscfell (Ceporloy,
Uounscfell & Co.), Geo. S. Heyward (Clements & Hcyward), J. H. Senkler, K. C, Aitken
Twccdale (Tower Publishing Co.), Janet C. Kemp, H. Boll-Trving (H. Bell-Irving & Co.),
Lt.-Col. G. H. Dorrcll (Canadian Financiers Trust), Julius Griffith (Griffith & Lee, Ltd.),
R. Kerr .Houlgatc (Vancouver Financial Corporation, Ltd.), F. Gordon Parker (Union Insurance Society of Canton, Ltd.), C. S..Mcck (C. S. Meek & Co., Ltd.), W. D. Brydonc-Jack,
M..D., R. B. W. Piric (Chartered Accountant), Ucv. Francis W. Maccaud, Nicol Thompson
(Camtncl, Laird & Co., Ltd.), Rev. H. C. Lewis Hooper, John Gregg (Insurance and Financial Agent), 3. G. Woods (Lumber Manufacturer), William Filtness (Printer's Agent),
Albert Hill (Business Agent and Recording Secretary Longshoremen's Union), Major R. F.
Leslie, C. E., Algar Bailey (Publisher), W. E. Hodges (Chartered Accountant), Leonard H.
Leigh (Manufacturer), Capt. R. J. Longden (Secretary Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club), E,
E. Sykes (Dale & Co.), Inncs Hopkins (B. C. Marine, Ltd.)
Aims and Obects (in pamphlet form) will be furniihed on Request
General Offices for Britlah Columbia
Phone Seymonr 3080
Vanoouver, B. 0. PAGE SIX
eleventh yeab, No. 7    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
(Continued from page 8)
have not adoptod its ilrst principles.
Havo they abolished the wage sy&temf
Nol I havo horo a copy of a book Called something, lot's see, oh yes. Tho
Bolshoviki and the World Peaco. It
doosn't toll you a thing, its.nothing
but a bunch of rubbish. It mentions
Bolsheviki on tho covor and thon novor
mentions it again. It's communal anarchy thoy havo in Bussia. Marx triod
to cot rid of this stuff yoars ago. He
broke up an international movoment in
order te choke off Bakiunin. I havo
a bunch of booka horo that aro sup*
posed to bo banned, it being a punish,
able offense -to havo them with you.
Howover, I got them from tho govern*
mint library io if you punish anyone
you'll havo to got aftor old John Oliver.
These books give vory interesting reading on communal anarchism or tho Soviet! at Work. (Quoting anarchist state
ments.) Tho Bussian revolution is the
strongest blow over struck agalnBt capitalism. Howovor, thero havo beon other
successful revolts. What became of
Spartacus (B. C.) King Johnis o^-soi-
cuts, and other sueh uprisings.
Tho Duma didn't moot the views of
our friends the anarchists bo they abolished it. Anarchists aro worso than any
buneh of capitalists. Lonin and Trotsky abolished tho atate and established
an oligarchy, an oligarchy of four or
five men with an army including Chinese, the criminals and others to defend
them. My friend, Kingsley and I would
bo great it we established ourselves
that way. ( Following a lino of sarcasm.) My friend does not' believe in
Bonding men to the house for Palliatives. Yes, Palliatives, if it were not
for such, all the Chineso and Japs
would have had a vote, but my amendment boat old John in tho house by
one vote. Put a million or so Chinamen in hero with a voto and all your
pleasant theories would be Hue, would*
n't thoyt It's all sentimental rubbish,
sontimental bosh. Kingsley and othors
have beon speaking behind my back,
but I am here and will moot thom all.
Kingsley tolls us all things are collapsing. Yob, the transportation system and
other things collapsed In Bussia whilst
peoplo starved. 'Hurrah for tho Soviots.' What happoned with tke collapse
of tho transportation system, etc. Poo*
pie wont to the stores and warehouses
to got food ahd whon that was gone
whero olse was the foodt On the farms.
So thoy wont out and robbed the farmer of his grain, and I don't blame them.
People had to get food, therefore it
was the'only thing for thom to do*-—
tako it, Sure thing. But by it on here
in Nanaimo and you'll find men as
Scotty as yourselves. You 11 find them
protecting their little bit ot junk on
their shelves aB you and I would do if
someone camo along to hold us up. Now
tho transportation system broke down
with tho' collapse of the state. As this
goes on, tho peasants armod themselves
with rifles and machine guns and the
fight goes on. Start tho same thing
here, my friend, Kingsley and I will
start a revolution, well get ont in
front ot you and say, follow us, well
give you food. That would bo alright
if wo got you tho food. Wo couldn't
do it in B. C. It's impossible. I prepared somo statistics myself and it waa
hard work. I found that B. C. couldn't
feed itself. We imported twenty-five
millions of dollars worth in 1915 and
Bovontecn millions of dollars worth in
1917. So we would first loot the stores
then the farms and we would have
communist anarchy. I see that Lenin
has a deficit in his first year's budget.
Fanoy a Socialist with a budget, etc.
Voice, where are the other people f Bo-
ply, you shouldn't interrupt a speaker
to take him off the trend of Sis remarks. Proceeding: The army surrounding Lenin and Trotsky are gaol
birds, Chinks and tho rif-raf of the
country. Terrorism going on among
the fifty million who have nothiqg to
do. Engles says, ho wouldn't'abolish
thc state, he claims the state will
abolish itsolf. Follow Lenin and Trotsky and you will have the same reign
of torror here, Kingsley sect many
things now different to whst he used
to, but for all that tho old man Bays,
wo must remember the world has made
she progress that it has under oapital-.
for to Peace
The Story of Repatriation
TheP rogramme of the Government Regarding Returned
Soldiers and the change to Peace Conditions
JUST as Canada planned in war, so must it plan and organize for peace.
The Government has therefore formed a Committee of the Cabinet to
deal wilh the following four problems now facing the country.
(1) Bringing the soldiers home. y
(2) Helping'those who have suffered overseas to overcome their handicaps.
(3) Haying ready for every soldier and war-worker an opportunity for employment.
(4) Ensuring proper living and working conditions.
Every Canadian should know what plans the Government has developed to help solve
these problems. -
An organization of experts has been
formed to help in the work of securing the
closest co-operation of all the departments
of the Government and of all the other
agencies that may come into contact with
the work of repatriation'.
Bringing the Soldier Home
As soon as the situation permits, our soldiers will be brought home. The fighting
corps in France will be returned as units,
each unit composed, as nearly as possible,
of men from the same locality. The remainder of the Canadian troops overseas
will be demobilized in standard drafts of
500 men. Canada has been divided into 22
dispersal areas.
These drafts will be made up of men wish-
- ing to go to the same dispersal area.
Overseas there are also 50,000 dependents. These women and children will be
brought to Canada at the public expense.
Thorough plans have been made to carry
out this work of repatriation as speedily
and efficiently as transportation facilities
will allow.
Before the soldier arrives, he will be informed just what the country is prepared
to do for him.
Getting Employment
To help both soldier and war workers secure quickly such employment as is available, a chain of Employment Offices-is
being established from coast to coast with
the co-operation of the Provincial Governments.
The Government is also helping to create
additional opportunities for employment
through (1) Public Works, (2) Railways
and Canals, (3) Export Trade Commission,
(4) Shipbuilding, (5) The Loan of $25,000,-
000 for building workmen's. homes, (6)
Helping soldiers become farmers by providing land, loans and agricultural training.
To help tide the soldier over the period between the time when he is discharged and
the time when he is established in a position, the Government is granting a War
Service Gratuity—on a scale more generous
than that given by any other nation. This
is in addition to any back pay, clothing allowance, etc., to which a soldier may be
entitled,    y
The Disabled Soldier
The soldier who has suffered hsndicap through his
service will be helped in two ways. (1) A pension
will bc granted to him in proportion to his handicap.
(2) Tf he is so injured that he cannot follow his previous occupation, he will be "Re-trained" for a new
trade or vocation. While training, he will receive
adequate pay and allowance.
At thc same time, the Oovernment is to provide
free medical treatment, dental treatment, artificial
limbs, surgical appliances, etc., where the need for
such is due to a soldier's-War service.
Public Effort
" Voluntary organisations, Municipalities, Educational Institutions—almost all agencies that touch on
thc soeial and economic welfare of thc nation—have
been enlisted by thc Repatriation Committee to help
in welcoming our soldiers home, in creating an atmosphere of contentment, in bringing Canada forward to a peace basis With all speed.
The story of Repatriation has been written in more detailed form
—in simple interesting language.  Every Canadian should rerfd it
Write to this Committee at Ottawa for booklet
The Repatriation Committee
ism and especially the past four yean,
years ago by bard work aad long hours
a man could produce enough for himself and family and a very small fraction for the Boss. Today the worker
can provido for himself and a half dozen othor families. Now you talk about
your Bolshevism.. It's not a patch on
Zapatuland. There a leader took a mob
around with him first to tho largo sugar owners then to othors, and stated
thojr tad to got out or work. They
mainly got out. Wo could go thoro today unmolested. Thoy havo abolished
Kingsley's I promise to pay, and established collective ownorship, Tou get
on a train there and'say good morning
conductor and go on to whoro you liko,
trains aro for use aud enjoyment. They
didn't blow up the rails and bridges.
Thoy havo a working day of two hours
for men and ono for women, with clerks
working three hours. Monoy is no use
to you there. Tou wont to the butchers, etc,, and said how muoh you wanted, there was no need to aak for moro
of anything to hoard up, as thero waB
plenty for all.
Ur friend (Mackenzie) doesn't know
anything about Bussia. He, as a worker, hasn't read tho books, etc. Thoy
are anarchists thoro. I appreciate tho
bravery of men taking the platform at
such a timo and defending' tho position.
A change is now taking place. * The
Bolshevists have sought permission to
go to the peaoe conference. Somo place
for anarchists like Lenin and Trotsky
to be among tho smooth and sleek premiers. Lloyd Qeorge, Clcmcnccau, Wilson, otc, of courso If thoy aro going
with a fow bombs oach in their coat-
tail to throw into tho crowd and sacrifice thoir own lives thereby, thon indeed they will be consistent. Howovor,
they ore meeting on some island in
,cbbo they become contaminated with
the bunch, but if they can meet anything worso than Bobby Bordon, then
I don't know of it, Makovski states
publicly that Trotsky was shipping gold
to German Jews and thore waB somo
such agency now in aVncouver.
Then we tave the old lady, Bresh*
shevskaya, she Bays that Lenin came
fron Switzerland with German gold.
The eld lady said Lenin and Trotsky
were reactionaries. I don't care What
money it wob or where it came from,
no money was used to botter advantage
than that which moved tho czar.
Whon Bho told me of tho murder and
bloodshed, etc., carried on in "Russia
1 believed hor, because 1 knew nothing
else could happen thero. Sho cried as
sho spoko of hor country for which sho
had languished in Siberia for over thirty yoars. "Our tears fell so copiously
hero ttat we missed parts of speech
and eortain interjections from tho. audienco." Tou may laugh about tho old
lady but if you won't take her word
take a British Socialist papor/ Now
remember I tave said hands off Russia.
At tho conclusion of his addross, Mr.
Hawthornthwaito flatly contradicted
certain statements which had beon accredited to him. *    <
Aftor quostion timo, Mr. MceHnzie
get ten minutes to reply to Hawthornthwaite. He told tho audionce that it
would tako him an.hour and a half to
reply fully to Hawthointhwaito, but he
would touch upon ono or two things.
Ho declared that tho other speaker
couldn't havo performed a bettor service for the muster class by his tirade
of abuse of the Soviet republic, if ho
tad been paid for it.
He quoted a fow lines from Bessie
Beatty's artielo in tho B. C. Foderationist of February 7, aB follows: "Ho
(Lonin) laid no claim to tho establishment of a millinuim in Bussia. Ho said
that Bussia had entered into the transformation period ttat will load to Socialism. To tho "parlor Socialists"
who call him undemocratic, I hoard him
say. "To imagine Socialism as theso
gentlemen would havo it, we would
have to servo it to them on a silver
platter. It is impossible. It will nover
be. There is ne other road to Socialism
oxcept tho dictatorship of tho proletariat and the merciless suppression of
the rulo of tho exploiter."
FBIDAT:.,... -,..,. Jebruary 14,
Appreciates Assistance of
Organized Labor in
Capital City v
At a meoting of returned men hold in
Victoria last woek, a new organization
was formed. Tho following is tho programmo of this new organization.
Bosolvod, that wo organizo ourselves
into a party of Ex-Service Mon, Dependents and Bolatlves of Sailors and
Soldiers, to cause legislation to 1)6 enacted along tho following lines.
1. That widows or othor dependents
of fallen sailors and soldiers bo granted tho same war gratuity payablo to
returned men.
2. That tho pensions of widows and
dependents bo increased to an amount
that will enable thom to livo in the do-
grco of comfort to whieh thoir sacri-
llcos ontitle thou: enabling them to
house, clotho, feed and educate thoir
childron, and that special provision bo
mado for any emergency tbat may arise
and which is not considered when individual pensions are awarded.
Stato control of childron and wolfare
of tho future generations.
3. That disabled Bailors and soldiers
bo furnished with somo omploymont
suited to their disability and that they
rceeivo not less than the avorage rec-
ognizod union wages ln tho district in
whioh thoy live. That tho govorhment,
failing to furnish such employment,
stall pay tbo men eighty per cont of
tioid wages.
4. That tho total disability pension
shall bc the samo as tho avorage union
rate of pay, and that partial disability
bo based on name. Pensions for all
ranks to bo equal.
.">. That all returned men bo insured
by tho government against unemployment.
fi. That sailors and soldiers desirous of taking up land as bona Ado settlers bo givon a troo' grant, ncerago to
be determined according to locality,
and that sufficient flnanclal assistance
bo granted to ensure success.
7. That all profits in excess nf eight
per cent mado during tho poriod of the
war- bo immediately conscripted.
8. That railways, mines, electric
power, water power, cold storage plants,
grain elevators, Hour mills, lumbering
ond fishing industries bo Immediately
nationalized with tho ultimate aim af
democratic control of industries.
9. Tkat all land, including railway
land, net in use bo heavily taxed,
10. That all banks bo nationalized.
11. That the maximum working
hours for all olass of labof be 44 hours
Ripple Back Suits in Navy Serg
Just in—$3g.y5
It is a suit that hardly a woman will pass without a compliment!
comment on its amart and original lines, and those who havo any idi
at all of prevailing valuo will endorse it on this count also. The euit is ma
of a very -jico quality all-wool navy serge. It has a notched oollar wi'
long lapels. Three large buttons close together fasten the front and b
low thom the skirt of the eoat has a long pointed front. Thore is
row of tailored buttons at each aide and a fanoy braid garniture aboi
the ripples at the baek. The skirt has slashed pockets trimmed wi
tailored buttons and s gathered back. Everyone who Ann rti
contemplates a suit purchase should see this model *pve7« / j
Boyi' New Spring Suits with Snap and Style—$4.75 to f 10..
We have just received a large shipment of Spring Suits whioh reprosei
somo of the smartest styles that will bo shown this season. Boys' Troni
Suits, with full bolt and bnokle, smart Norfolka, Bolters with slash i
straight pockets. Tho materials aro carefully selected of the be
British tweeds and come in all* the new, smart shades of brown, gn
andgreon. A flne selection for boys from f_ A <7B to &<■/_, Ml
2 to-18 years. Sizes 20 to SO. Prices from.... V*ke f 0     Vlefe/i
Children's Boots, $2.95
75 pairs of Children's Fine Button and Laoo Boots, taken fyom reguli
stocks; inoluding patent, kid, gunmetal and tan leathers; Goodyear wel
McKay and turn soles; all flrst quality in every respoct; all' t_n Al
sites 8 to 10 1-2; reg. values *3.60 to S4.S0.  Saturday tp—eVe
Boys' Shoes, Up to $4*60 Values, on Sale at $2,95
Thla offering ineludes sturdy lines of Boys' Shoes in gunmetal and be
calf, suitablo for school and bost wear. All with good substantial sol<
and on neat lasts; all sizes for boys and youths. d>0 Ol
-i-tieo  tfi_eetf\
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
J 25,000,00
$ 14,000,00
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,00
Total Assets $360,000,00
518 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and British Wei
Also, branohei in London, England, New Tork Oity ud Bai
colons, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver*.
Utio Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street antTBroadway West
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner GranvUle and Seventh Avenne West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street
2016 Tew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
AIbo—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other potn
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an aeeonnt, on whieh intern   Is paid half-yearly >
eurrent ratal.
KSUfar Vaneonver Branch
O. W. FUZBB, Vaunvtr,
■VSr-ilMt for 1.1
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W. :: Vancouver, B. C,
por week,, and in tho ovont of unomploymont reaching a critical state tho
hours bo reduced to 8*1.
Aftor tho above programmo had boon
adopted, tho officers wore elected. Oomrade B. Berry was elected president,
and Comrado Bayley socretary.
During the evening the wholo question of reconstruction was dealt with,
aud tho appreciation of tho returned
men for tho consideration and assistance rondored by tho Trades Unions
was expressed. It was the fooling of
tho booting that everything should bo
dono to bring about even greater co*
operation botwoon' tho soldiers and tho
trados unions of tho city,
By the way, wasn't tho war brought
on by a leaguo of nations, and wen
by another leaguet
Phons Sey. 221 Day or Nl|
Nunn, Thomson & Clef
SSI Homer Street    Vaneouvar, B
Psoas Smear T1SS
ihirs rvm. worn am
VA-footrvaa. s o.
—Ths onl/ Cnlan Shop IS Vl
Patronise  Federationist   advert
and tell them why yen do so.
It has again conic to our notice that a certain Dairy in thi
eity iB distributing Milk with a misleadng statement-on th
cap of their bottle, that represents the Milk to be from thc J
M. Steves' farm.
We wish {o state emphatically that wc arc thc sole and onl;
distributors of the Milk produced by J. M. Steves' famous hen
of pure bred cattle.
There is only one J. M. Stoves' farm—there iB.only onc hen
of purebred cattle owned by J. M. Steves—there is only On
J. M. Steves who owns a Dairy Parm, and we; thc VALLE.
DAIKY, control and distribute every drop of milk which i
offered to the public by J. M. Steves.
We publish these statements for the benefit of those peopl
PERIORITY which is to bc had in this Milk. MDAY. February 14, 1919
eleventh year, No. 7   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
An initial shipment of Men's Blue Serge Suits -have
just arrived. They were made of a fine quality wool,
I good weight Irish Serge and tailored expressly to
!our order. -*.
The styles include conservative 3-button sacque models, together with a number of the latest close-fitting
double-breasted effects with slash pockets, for young
men. To be able to give these wonderful suit values
is possible only by our world-wide buying organization. You'll agree this is the best Sergfe gtrit value
iii a number of years. Attractive values at—$30.00
Notice to Correspondents
Many letters for the correspondence
column whieh aro received at tho Federationist offlce are not printed, for
one of two reasons, either they are too
leng, or they aro not legible. Many
letters received run any where from
one to three columns, and it is impossible to give publicity to letters of this
length. Correspondents to secure publication of their letters must be brief,
and write legible copy; otherwise they
will hot bs entertained.
A DISCOUNT OF 10 PER CENT, is allowed to
returned soldiers on all men's clothing.
—Men's Furnishings and Men's Footwear
—Street Floor
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and frat*-WeIHngton Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump —Comox Nut— Cwnax Pe»
(Tit ob Psa CWl fer yonr mtafesd farnact)     \
StoTsVTiwnto snd M.SSsl for Esstsn Ststss snd
MNE8T SSSnB, Bleettie lighted, Standard mi Tonrlat
Sleeping Cars, also Dining Can.
for Bates, Wekttt, Literature and Information, apply to
.■»_rt,_ySgSfwss?V«ncWivSr,&a        Pbons fc|»tut S-ISS
Oppsslte tehee Tswjls
vaboouvbb, a. o.
■aateaartm »« —tm Msa—
-TSo.sad S1.M _**__**•
mT SS.00 per week aaa up.
.£.'     ..* O—n*.-*-'**    **■*■•-
Prlatere M Ms FedontHml*
Thi  Fedentlonlet Is  produced from
oor  modern   newspaper   printing   plaal.
,od for Health Improves the Appetite
sryons knows that ohsap goods eaa only bs prodnosd by
ng ohsap matsriafc and smploying ohsap Ubor.
prodnosd from the highest grade materials proonrable-
,oade U a ONION prodnot tram start to finish.
Editor a 0. .Federatlonist: The following latter ts lit answer to Dr. Sip-
prell who preaehed in Mount Pleasant
Methodist Church Sunday night, the
2nd lait, I shall be as brief as possible
hoping you ean publish the letter in
full. An open letter to Dr. Sippreli,
Mount Pleasant Methodist Church,
In your sermon on Sunday, 2nd inst.,
you undo the atatement that they are
trying to wave thd Bod Flag in Vancouver;   that  Bolshevism was  being
preached here also, and yon further
stated that they are  trying  fo  tear
down what our soldiers havo built up.
You also stated that most of tho returned soldiers yeu met were noble
men, with few exceptions. I really think
I am ono of tho latter instead of the
former, insofar as I am not noblo by
any means whatsoever. I tako exception to your statements and will on*
deavor te oxplain to you that all re*
turned men aro not as easily gulled or
led by tbo noso as they formerly were
in 1914 and 1910. They have suffered
as I havo done, and suffering makes a
porson think, as to who* is benentting
by this suffering and moat ef them havo
come to a conclusion that the class who
successfully fought tho  menace  over
there, meaning, the working class of
course, have gained nothing but abuse
and   increased   taxation.   I   had  46
month, in tlio O. E; F. snd I know what
I am talking about, having seen three
years of service overseas out of tho 40
months, I will take your first statement, that thoy are trying te wave tho
Bed.Flag here in Vaneonver.  I havo
attended meetings of tho Federated Labor Party at the  Bex  Theatro, also
moeting of the Socialist Party of Canada at the Boyal Thoatre and I have
yet to soo or hear any sedition or lawlessness in any of the plaoes Z havo attended on Sunday evenings. The aeoond statement, that Bolshevism was being preaehed here, is not correct at sll.
I should like your definition of Bolshevism, as I understand it, it Ib: The collective ownorship of the means of life
fer the benefit of all, instead of, as at
presont,.for the bonefit of a few individuals who control the destiny of
poople through their  owning  of  the
means of existence jn the shapo of -the
mills, mines, factories and transportation, etc., ete. Tie word Bolsheviki is
harmless in itself, lt is derived from
the Bussian word Bolshinstovo, meaning majority, and ia used by all and
sundry to keep back the. progress of
tho working man in his desire to control the 'moons of existence on this
planet, whieh is donied him now, insofar as to dony him the right to live;
if he cannot work for n profit, and as
this system deponds on proflt, he cannot bo employod if there Is no domand
for tho product of his toil, in the markets of tbo *orld. Yoat third and last
statoment waa that they are trying to
tear down what our soldiers havo built
up. I do not know whom* the (thoy)
are you referred to, but I suppose you
menu tho Truth Dispensers, namely the
Federated Labor Party and the Socialist Party ef Canada. Your statement is
ridiculous on ihe faco ef it, is it not an
erroneous desiro to destroy, and since
the most procious thing is destroyed,
namely, human life, and the fittest sre
destroyed, your statoment is like so
muoh jolly, thore is no body to it. If
you mean that they havo built up enormous fortunes for tho blood-seeking
profiteers of this eountry, who robbed
eur boys wives,/ mothers, sweethearts,
by boosting prices and also the treatment of tho boya coming back from
Over There on the ships, with the rot-
ton grub, insufficient accommodation
and also distinction  botweon  officers
and men, in regard to treatment on the
ships; pensions, privileges and numerous other things. If this Ib what the
(they) you rofer to ore trying to tear
down, woll all I can say is that tho returned soldior will help them to do so,
becauso the interest of his olass will
determine ao, economic reasons will bo
the deciding factor, because when a
man is hungry and there is no chance
of him being employed, which is the
only way he can got tho means to Uve,
thon is the time ho begins to think. All
the sympathy and pity and religion will
avail us naught, because he will think
of his existence, and not other things.
Yeu know or should know tkis, and how
can you givo eut such utter nonsonse
and piffle to an intelligent congregation of working peoplo.  Tho time is
coming  when   all  non-producers will
have to get off the backs of the workers. If the average person thinks that
tho olass who successfully fought this
war to a finish is going back to prewar days, ho must   bo   short-sighted.
The working class accomplished wonders while in Battalions, and tho futuro
will also seo the end ef tho presont
systom of exploitation of tho working
mnn nnd woman.
110 Water Stroot.
♦persecutions have been legally enacted
in Vaneonver during the .laat lew years.
If the pawnbroker makes a loan on
a watoh, and in the event of the party
to whom tha loan is made not being
ablo to redeem the watoh, the pawn*
broker doea not attempt to take everything else the party owns, but has te
be satisfied with the collateral on which
he makes,the loan*- '   *..
The law'In Britiah Columbia governing the loaning of Sfonoy on landa and
house's is a one-sided affair snd is a
relic of feudalism, and class legislation
of the most inequitable and pernicious
typo, and it la to bs hoped thst the
' 'gialature at Vietoria Witt Ste that it
i abolished before thit session of the
legislature prorogues.
Vaneonver, B. C. Feb. 6,1919.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: We hear
ii good doal thoso days about tho"
a good doal thoso dnys about tho
"brotherhood of mnn," "British fair-
play," otc, and yot wo havo laws in
British Columbia that aro absolutely in*
equitable and a pbsitive disgrace to
the provinco.
A mortgage company, or mortgagee,
makes a lonn upon a piece of land, or
on a house and lot, upon which thoy
have made their own valuation, and
they do not, as a rule, loan moro than
about SO percent ef that valuation, the
mortgagor having to pay all legal, valuation, and registration expenses.
Should the mortgagor, through misfortune, or any cause whatever be un*
ablo lo moot his payments of interest,
taxes and Insurance, tho law, instead or
Baying that the mortgagee shall bo sat.
isfied with seining the collateral on
which he has mado the loan, allows the,
mortgagee to seise any other property
which the mortgagor may own, ovon to
the extent of garnisheoing his wages,
selling his furniture, getting a judgement against him, in short bring despair and ruin to the homo of the mortgagor, and hundreds of thoso blighting
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: I am
taking the privilege of submitting the
following correspondence which has
passed from the Socialist Patty of
America upon the question, of their
party being ropresonted at the International Socialist and Labor Congross
called to assemble at Berne in Switzerland during this month.
To* the Members of Congress:
Up to the present writing the state
department has failed to grant passports to delegates of tho American Socialist Party to the International Socialist and Labor Congreaa called to
assemble at Bcrno, Switzerland, ■ this
Although the matter has been befqre
it for two months, on our present application; tho state department hat failed
to inform onr delegates whether sueh
passports would be granted or whether
they would be refused.
In tho*meantimo .passports have beon
grantod to every ether eonoeivable form
of organisation.
* May we ask why permission should
be granted, for instance, to Ur. Eng,
lish Walling and Charles Edward Bus-
sell of the so-called Social-Democratic
Leaguef Thoy are not recognized by
European Socialists as in any way entitled to speak fer tho American Socialist movement.
May we ask why passports should
be granted, for instance, to Samuel
Gompors and his American Federation
of Labor mission, representing the economically organized workera: and refused to the spokesman of the Socialist party, apeaklng for the politically
organized workers!
Wo understand that Mr. Wickersham,
attorney goneral in President Taft's
cabinet, was givon passports as a special representative of the Republican
party. Why thon this discrimination
against tho Socialist partyt
Special invitations wore sont to us
by tho Fronch Socialists but wo Were
obliged to notify thom that the United
States government will not permit us
to meet with them. They are astonished
at thia government's claims to democracy in face of this very apparent hostility to a political organization with
a dues paying membership of moro
than 100,000 and a voting strength of
one million,
Our first effort to secure a ruling
from the state department on granting
of passports to Socialist party delegates
was made in the following telegram:
Chicago, Illinois,
Nov. SO, 1919.
Bobert Lansing,
Socretary of Stato,
Washington, D. C,
Will tho state department issuo passports to representatives of Socialist
party to forthcoming International Socialist and Labor Conferenco f Press reports say such passports are promised
to Socialists by Fronch government,
Executive secretary, Socialist Party,
803 W. Madison St., Chicago III.
After sevoral days elapsed without a
roply, another telegram waa sent to
the stato department as follows:
Chicago, HI.,
Dee. 5,1918
Bobert Lansing,
Secretary of State,
Washington, D. C.
On November 30 I sent tho following telegram: "Will the state department issue passports to representatives
of the Socialist Party to forthcoming
International Socialist and Labor Congress! Press roports say that passports
are promised to Socialists by French
govornment. Wiro." To dato no reply
has been received. Is the Socialist
Party with 100,000 members and moro
than a million adherents not entitled
to know whether your department will
issuo passports to its representatives to
meet with the representatives of Socialist and Labor organizations of European countries I
Executive secretory, Socialist Party,
803 W. Madison St., Chicago 111.
No answer wtfi recoived to either of
thoso telegrams. Tho duly choson representatives of tho Socialist Party to
tho International Conference are: Algernon Loe, of New York Cltv, mem*
bor of tho Now York board o'f aldermen,- .Tames O'Noil, of Brooklyn, Now
York, and John M. Work, of Chicago.
Thoy havo all mado Individual requests
for passports without result. Wo noxt
appealed to President Wilson in tho following cablegram:
Chicago, 111.,
Jnn. 83, 1919
President. Woodrow Wilson,
Parts, Frnnco.
Socinlist Party elected threo delegates to International Socialist and
Labor Congress. British Labor Party
and French Socialist Party urge representation of American Socialist Party.
State department so far fails to grant
passports. We protest against this discrimination and appeal to you to net.
Executivo socrotary, Socialist Party,
803 W. Madison St., Chicago 111.
Onc woek later another cablegram
was sent to President Wilson ns follows:
Chicago, III.,
Jan. 31, 1919.
Prosidont WoodrtfW Wilson,
Paris, France.
Stnte department refuses answer to
Socialist Party delegates application
for passports to International Socialist
and Labor Congross. Why this dlserlih
Executive secretary, Socinlist I*nrtv,
S03 W. Madison St., Chicago III.
This is the situation ns it stands at
thn present timo, tho United Stiltes is
tho only eountry In tho world thnt has
failed to grant passports to its organ
India Suffers ftom Oag Bule
Calcutta, India—The speeial correspondent of the Christian Science Monitor in India calls attention to the fact
that in the recent session of the Imperial Legislative Couneil a resolution waa
moved by the Hon. J. H. Khaparde,
asking for the appointment of a committee to report on existing press legislation and Us effects upon the moral
and matorial condition of the press. In
moving hit resolution Mr. Kbarptrde
Mired that. forty nowspapers had
eessed publication during ISIS, Ills resolution wu rejected by a large majority, but the correspondent of the Chris-
tinn Science Monitor states thst nevertheless ninety-nine educated Indians
9St of a hundred remain bitterly opposed to til measurea which "give ttt
authorities greater powers of dealing
summarily with newspapen ud sf proceedings agalnit political suspects without having recourse to- ordinary methods of the ltw."
Strike ia Peru
Lima, Porn—A general atrlke involving 20,000 to 30,000 men wat called in
Lima and Callao, on January 13, in
sympathy with 2000 cotton mill workers, who are out demanding an 8-hour
day and a E0 por eent. increase in
wages. All stores, offices and faotorios
in both cities aro closed, and interurban
servico haB beon suspended. Food is
obtainable only under tremendous difficulties.
Worktn Endone Ons Big Union
' Adelaide, South Australia—During
the first woek of December, the Adelaide Trades and Labor Couneil discussed and dealt with the ono big union
scheme. After muoh discussion, the
oounoil voted in favor of the principle
of tho one big union, and elected dele-
§itee to-attend the Commonwealth One
ig Union Congress to be held in Melbourne, January 11.
Cripples of Uaintes Meet
Paris, France—Tho organized war
cripples of Saintes met in general assembly on January 14th. After having
heard Comrades Dejonkore, Porriehon
and La Brousse on their present situation as caused by the. war, they discus-
sod their position in the future, They
thon docided to unite themselves closely
to tho body of thoir federation ,to
bring about their just claims based on
tlTe general inorease of wagos, the pensions for the cripples, tho widows and
children. Thoy resolved to remain firmly attached to the organized working
claBs who had stood by thom so generously and so loyally during tho terrible
trials of tho war.
Italian Socialists Executive Meets
Milano, Italy—Avantl, the SociaUst
organ, in its edition of Decomber 13th,
publishes the decisions arrived at a
moeting of the national executive of
Italy. The foremost among thoso are:
A vote not to participate in the demonstrations in honor of Prosidont WilBori;
propaganda among tho Italian public
and at tho Paris Peaee conferenco in
favor of withdrawing troops from Bussia and of abandoning tho polioy of intervention; a domand that a Socialist
Bepublio bo oreated in Italy under tiro
dictatorship of tho proletariat. Tho
executivo also received a report by
Oddio Morgarl, Italian Socialist deputy,
who, in Paris, togothor with the Jugo-
Slavic torritory, and against annexations without n plebiscite.
Spaniards Trying to Combat unrest
Madrid, Spain — Industrial unrost
continues to soothe in Spain. Tho fact
that constitutional guarantees have
been suspended in Barcelona has only
added fuel to tho flomos. Tho govornment, to moot the sitaution, now declares that it has' determined to oarry
through the necessary soeial reforms,
including the regulation of hours of labor and a minimum wage. While tho
govornment is thus making promises,
the syndicalists aro busily organizing
and are making plans for a general
•   •   •
Bsdlcals Challenge Monarchy
Madrid, Spain—Tho Badioal organ,
Nuestra Palabra, reports a meeting
held in tho People's House of Madrid,
in which tho Socialist Party, the Social
Democratic women's Organization, and
the Socialist Fedoration of Students
took part. This meeting, aftor extending congratulations to the Bussian,
Austro-Hungarlan and Gorman revolutionists, adoptod the following resolution, which is frankly revolutionary:
"Inasmuch as tho working class of
Madrid -is convinced that tho Spanish
monarchy is an insurmountable hindrance to tho development nnd progress
of tho people, lt declares frankly that
it Is inspired by revolutionary ideals
and that it will uso all means at its
command to cstnblish a now regime in
place of tho monarchy. This new regime is to bo more in accordance with
modorn tendencies. It is to bo a regime in which tho people will havo tho
powor in their own hnnds. It is to
be a Socialistic republic in which capitalistic privileges will bo destroyed, in
which tho exploitation of human boings
by humun boings will becomo impossible; and in which the just domands of
the proletariat will bo fulfilled."
Toxtlle Mills Yielding
New York—The United Tcxtilo Workers' campaign for nn eight-hour day is
proving successful. In innuy New England mills the demnnd is being granted.
In several instances mills hnvo been
shut down "indefinitely," the managements doclnrc. In a number of milt
towns the operatives hnvo carried out
their plan of working only eight hours
n day. The campaign is boing directed
by John Golden, president of the United Textile Workers of America.
Tm nan "bux-uxi" n hmbmtially mm or
"Bell Piano"
It possesses a foil rssonanoe that endured tinder the strenuous
test of oontinnous student practice.   The question of durability is not so muoh the holding together of the structure '
of the instrument, though flne craftsmanship is a marked fee-,
ture of the Bell, but whether the voloe of the piano will maintain the quality that first attracts.
The wonderful characteristic of the Bell Piano, is the marvellous continuance of a sweetness and purity of tone, throughout
the long years of its service.
524-521 OBANVnj-B STBBIT
. Snt  aat   thirl   Thursdays.    SxssaUva
rd:   Free'leek I. Wiaek: vtas-pnaUau,
A. Prltokarl.
. Heats SMoad Koala? la tit aaoilt. Freel-
fee* Om. Bartley: eeerolary, a. & tee-
hate, P. O. Box SS.
Ueyal Vain ol America, Lo-ml Is. Itt*-
Meeta Moot aa* ttutk fue-n la Iks
■on«k. Boob tot Ubor Tcaplt. Pnelloal,
O. B. Henttt; aoenury, It Onut lid
Oamblt Stmt.
Wsnt Award Enforced
Adelaide, South Australia—A parado
of atate employees in thia city preceded
a visit to the ofllce of Premier Peake,
who was asked to have the government
fay its employee! a wage ordered by
the atate industrial court. The employees charge that they received "the
usual unsatisfactory reply."
Patronize Federationist   advertisers
and tell thtm why yoa da so.      .j
boetaesa anal aad nmapoallai eeentarr,
W. Lea. 00*. acta, 0_______r__e__
. '}!'?■J'.***',' "'tht—. *>■ 1M—Moats
A O. F. Hsll, Mount PleasaaL bt aat 111
Monde/a •! I pjn. PMIw #. B. Oollnll;
neorttag clustery, A. V. LsftUf, 1501 -Malt? elne., phone filch. lttBj tnasanr, I.
a. Cleveland; taaadal saenlan aal
bulasn aftal, Vnl A. fltonr. uoo Vtatk
Prite, tat, etmtr Maw eat Mala stmts.
He. SIT—Niata tvair smobI aad louts
O.thtm, 0 Dafaria Slnat last- naortlaf
umlan J. a. C-unpb.il; buiniu atsai;
Wollw iaeuaa. Boom SOt Labor Taapfc
Phoaa Br. Hit,	
and 1Mb Skip BalMsis aad Etlpsrs ol     --
Amtriak Vsawinr Lod«. So. 1M--Hmu  taax-ui  umurj.  Robe.   UtN.l.b.   p.  o
miT Moadu, 1 pja.  Pmldral. U. A. Uf \_________	
Eulwa. llit Alb-trel Si.; ManUrr-ttMS* OINEBAL TEAMSTERS AND CHlffr"
|«.r. tat., IW. mi Bow. Si.; bub*. " E*S^.I,Ci*3-bT t5t-M**»£7.,r.
\___ J. A. Met.,.. R..m tit Ubor T-gpto.nl .ei «lb W.*£«4»ri ITp^"KriiJJ
'HOTM* ABD RESTAURANT BMPLOIBBS '*. *__****_* *****— f*S »• Hart.lt,
Loul it—SMI .i.rj Snt W.tiMlar la   '■*•*• PUUeolb ......  tut.  to.ntUI  i«t.
 _ .. ..,« m4 ml_ -JUJJ
Awiio-k Local Ho. ITS—MhIIois lull
Sist Kondsv la seek walk, S p_n. Pml*
daat, Joseph O'Connor; vle<*pnslloat, A.
B-Mmlshj nanUsf sMntary, Vn. F. A.
Dolk, P. O. Box COS.   Phono, Bey. 1311L;
let. i
—If-Mls la Boom 80S, Lsbor Temple,
erery Ifoadar, S p.m. President, H. Barnea,
1163 Powell Stnet; reeordlng seenlaif, W.
Fonlkei, Labor Temple; SnaoaJal eeereUir
aad bnelneee scent. E. B. Horrlsoa, Boom
307 Labor Temple; assistant eeentary, F.
R. Ban-owe.
C. LOGGERS* UNION—Affillsted wilh
B..C. Federation ol Lsbor aad Vaneonver
Tradee and Labor ConneU—An industrial
union ol all worken In logging and con*
otmotlon camp*. Headquartera, SI Cordova
Stnet Weit, Vancouver, fi. O. Pbone Ser
785S.    E. Winch, Becrctarr-lreaanrcr.
■oelatl-m, Loeal «t62—OBce and kail, IM
Pender Stnet Weat.   Heels lait aal Iklrl
Frldsra   8   p.m.     SeuelarMmaam,   0.
Tkomsa; bnllneee agent, A. HBI.
Butcher Workmea'a Unloa No. ttl—Meeta
Snt aal third Tneadaye of atat monlk.
Labor Temple, 1 p. m. Pnaldent, H. B.
WIUsI pending aaanurr, Fred. Lillyjjnen-
clal aaentarr aad bnalneaa agent, T. W. An*
denon, 617 Homer atnel.
izt'i] Socinlists to  attend   the   confer-
May wo noj.o you will ri-uli*-o the
throat to real democrncy in our country that Is bound up in this situationf
Will yon voice a protest, oil the liour
of tho senate or tho houso of ropro*
mntattves againat this anachronism in
u republic; I would bo grateful, us thc
representative of the Socialist Pnrty,
to recoivo your personnl views on tliis
Vory respectfully yours,
Nntionnl Executive Secretory.
tke montk at S.IS p.m.     .....	
Wadaeadaa* la Ua montk at t.10 p.m. Pml
lent, Banr Wool: aaentarr aal taslneaa
agent, W. itaakaatL Boo* MS Ubor Temple. Pkone Bay. Uie oaos noun: '"
18 napa; S te S vm.   ■
Operating   Engineen,   Loeal   No.  180—
Hoots erery Monday, 7.80 p.m., Laber Tern-
Sle. Preildent, J. fi. Flynn. U0 Moodle SI.,
ew WaalaUaatar; vlco-prealden*■ D, Hodgoe;
■ecnlsr-Mreaaunr "nd bulnaaa agent, w. A.
Alexander, Boom Sit Labor Temple. Pbone
Ser. 7485.
annual oonvention In January. Executive
office™, 1818*18: Preeldent, Duncan Me-
Callum, Laber Temple, Vanoouver; vlee-
preeidlntH—Vancouver Ialand, Walter Head,
South Wellington: Victoria, J. Taylor; Prlnee
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneouvar, E,
Wineb, W. R.*Trailer; New Weot-nlnelor, P.
Peeblei: Weel Kootenay, Maroaa Harlln,
Nelion; Crow'e Neet Paea, W. A. Sherman,
Pernio. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8. Walla,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunamnlr St.. Vancouver,
B. 0.
America (Vaneouvar aad vialallr)—
Branch meete leeond aad (oarth Mondaya,
Room 204 Lsbor Tomple. Pnlldant, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial eeentary and badness agent, H. S.
Nlghtecalee, 87t—Stth Ave Eaat Soatk
Vancouver;  neordlng   secretary,   E.  Weal-
moreland,  8347 Point Onr
Bayvlew 3878L,
Road.     Pkone
Faetenen, I.L.A., Local Onion HA, Serbs
5—MeeU tke -nd and tlk Frldaya ol Ike
montb. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Praaldant, J,
N. Boull; Inanelal eeentary, It. A. Pkelpe;
tary,   Bin   Showier,
phona, Bay. M78. .01
1130   Bobaon   atreet;
lea, 817 Homer atreet.
lut Sundty ol eaeh montk at S p_n.
Pnaldent, B. Marshall; vlee-preaideat, W.
H. Jordan; aeoretary-treaaurer, B. H. Nee-
landa, Box tt.
Labor Connell—Meete Snt aal Iklrl Wed*
nesdaya, Knlghta ol Pythias Hall, North
Park Street, at S p.m. Pnaldent, B. Sim*
mono; viee-pmldent, T. Dooler; aeeretary-
tnaennr, Ohrtallan Siverts, P. O. Box-80S,
Victoria, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, No. 878, 0. M. W. ol A.—
Heels Snt Sunday in every month I tM.
Richards Hall. Preeldent, Jaa. Bateman;
vice-pnsident, Andrew Parker; neordlng
secretary, Jaa. Feann; Inanelal aeenlUT,
William MaeDonald; treasurer, J. H. Bleh-
Local 1777—Meets tnt and third Mondaya In I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Keith Road
Eaal, at 8 p.m. President, H. H. Footer;
flnanclal secretary. W. C. Smith, 413—171k
Street East, North Vancouver.
Council—Meets second and lourth Tues*
days nl each month, in Carpenters' Hall.
President, W, E. Thompson: secretory, Oeo.
Rndderham, Box 278, Prince Roport, 9. 0
\ '!._mri. •■* _-"_r> vj- •
______ ',
Enn_i .*.--,
_____-:. I
$4.01 each
Ihis month.
Rsdaemtd (or $5 saeh in 1924.1 PAGE EIGHT
eleventh year, no. ?   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. o.
FBIDAT.. .February 14, 11
Are "clothes that are on the
job"—with good style, good
materials, good tailoring
and most of itt good wear.
They keep properly dressed
at popular prices—excellent
values at'
$25 to $45
Home of Hart Schaffner & Man Clothes
Mtlk Salesmen snd Dairy Employee*
Another industrial union waa born
in Vancouvor thia last weok wben all
tbe workora in or around tho dairies
decided to organize under the International Teanutera' Union. Several meetings have been hold and good progress
is being made. Members of organlied
Labor ean holp by insisting that all
milk bo handled by union men.
Tho Hilleroat dairy is 100 por oent. organizod and Turner'a dairy ia the only
one so far that is bucking tho union.
If you wife is getting tho milk from
this firm mako a note and tell her about
the attitudo to Organized Labor. Nuf
——— Canada Food BostdggS
ZSSSS   Stasnts 8—1866   _^_2
Peace Parleys
in the home are never neoeaaary when
tho good housewife has a aupply of my
good quality of groceries at cash and
oarry priees; <
Oream of Wheat, _toXg>
por package  ** A_eO*U
Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour,   ng
_ packages for — — -_SOv
Pure Table Syrup, quart Al\__
bottlos  tWV
Canned Strawberries, ^Rs»
Canned Peaches and Apricots, OA,
per tin «WV
Cooking Molasses, OC_»
2 tins  tSOC
Rogers' Syrup, _lft_«
6-lb. cans    *WO\*
Braid's Tea, Jfir
.   per lb  tOC
Malkin's Coffee, fresh ground, 4B.
por lb. ..' OtJ-C
B and K Boiled Oata,        '   CAC
Fanoy Apples, _rt_t*
3 lbs  tat~t_
Fancy Oranges, navels; ROf*
Fancy Lemons, OR fa
dozon   -SUV
Fancy Orape Fruit, S
largo size        OC
Fancy Loeal Comb *3_R_*
Honey   OW
. T. Wallace's
ut HAi-moi ft. w.        nr. Ifss
I'M- i—U        I
are sold in Vancouver
exclusively by us.
No better Clothes made
in Canada. Let us prove
this statement.
Recommendations of Educational Committee Adopted tt Tradat
Coundl Meeting
At the laat meeting of tho Vancouvor Trades and Labor Counoil, the educational committee reported thst It had
mado arrangements for speakers for
the different union meetinga, and made
the following recommendations whioh
were adopted and ordered published in
tho Federatlonist, with the list of
That oach union be recommended to
invito a speaker from the list supplied
by tho educational oonlmittee for one
meeting in each month.
That the unions appoint a oommlttee to arrange a programme of speakers sevoral weeks in advance and inform the committoo as soon as possible,
so that speakors eaa be advised well
itt advanoo.
That the unions be recommended to
admit the speakers at 9 p.m.
list of Speakers ud Subjects
H. Neelands, "Why Be a Union
Man!" A. S, Wells, "Where Aro Wo
Heading?" C. Bouse, "Organization."
W. Lee, "A Dog's Life; His Alms and
Ambitions."   D. Boes, "Functions of
Trade Union." 0. Hardy, "Our
Class Position." B. Showier, "Dotting
Together." J. Kavanagh, "Organization of Workers." J. G. Smith, "Tho
General Strike." M. Phelps, "Freedom." W. H. Youhill, "Arbitration."
V. B. Midgley, "The Evolution of
Tradea Unions."   Jamea H. MeVety,
Workmen's Compensation." W.
Thomu, "The Trados Union Movement." J. W. Wilkinson, "Tho Future of the Industrial Movemont." J.
a Woodsworth, "The Situation in
[By E. A. F.]
"No, mothor, it'a going to be Jno,
and I detest rubbors, said Harry a
week or two ago," when hla mother
waa insisting on hia wearing hit overshoes, to keep his foot dry.
"Well, I prefer to be without thtn,
I admit," said hia mother, "but I pre*
for oven rubbers to a bad cold and possibly pneumonia, to aay nothing of the
doctor's bill, and I think yoa wiQ, too.''
"I suppose ao," aald Harry grudgingly, as he drew tho rubbers over Ua
boots, "but how do folks go oa who
can't afford rubbers!"
"Bun risks of all kinde, havt to
change their clothes, whieh ttt sometimes quite spoiled, or wear the clothes
that are wet through, ths aunt at
everybody did when thoro wen ao rubbers."
"When then wen no rubberal Haven't then alwayi been rubbersl" ei-
claimod Harry, who, like many other
boya aad glrlt, did not realise thtn
was a time whon mon had not learned
any of the wonderful secrets of In,
light, weaving, making glass, Iran,
spoons, or among hundreds of other
things—rubber boots.
"Why no," laughed hla mother.
"You've heard of Columbus. Well, on
his seoond voyage to America he found
the natives playing with a ball which
they had made from the gum of a tree
growing near by. Thoy had noticed
that this tree would tend out a milky
juice when a hole was made In It."
Now Harry, liko all other boys and
girls who wish to know things, was alwaya ready with a "howl" or
"whyt" or "whent" or "whol" and
this timo It waa "Why did they make
holea In tbe treest"
"They didn't, but aome beetles did,
and this juice was the tree's weapon,
for by it the beetles wore poisoned. If
the tree had jot defended Itself It
would have died. Those natives never
realized what a wonderful .work these
Utile balls wen going to do In the
world, but when they found the white
people pleased to give them beads and
trinkets for all they could get. they
mide a buslne-* of gathering the j-il'i-
—which runs trom August to January,
-by cutting through tho bark of the'
troe, ond collecting as best they eould,
tho Juice which dripped from the geih.
I.atei, white men did this work, and
one white mac thought. He had learned
either from booka or experience, that
where countries bed  similar  climates
weather through (ho whol.i year) aim
ilar things woiill grow. This was found
to be true o*. itl ber, and trees were
found In Cent-id Africa whioh gave u
similar kind of ruice. Thia part of tlio
world "belonged" to Belgium, andawas
known as tho Belgian Congo. People
went on from Belgium and foned the
natives to work terribly hard) inflicting
horrible punishments if they refused,
and hardly paying them enough to Hve,
if they did work. At last people who
wen more just demanded that these
Belgian atrooltiea in tho Congo should
stop, and so badly had they treated the
nativeB that some folka said Belgium
did not suffer as muoh in the war, which
has just caused such misery, as Ae
614 atAjmi-LB STBBBT
Engineers Local 620
At tho regular business meeting of
abovo local, held on the 10th inst., Bros.
J. R. Flynn, W. A. Alexander and Walter Head were eleoted aa delegates to
attend the conventions of the B. C.
Federation of Labor and tho Northwest
convention, which aro to be held In Cal*
gary, Alborta, commencing March 10.
Bro. H. Louglcy, Jas. B. Tench and W.
Ainger were elected as alternates. As
matters of vital importance to the work,
ers will be discussed at those conventions ,and in order to be prepared to
submit resolutions at these conventions,
the elected dolegates will hold a joint
meoting with the exeoutlve committee
of Local 080, on Friday ovening, 14th
just., in room 818, Labor Tomplo, to
draft eut some concrete proposition to
submit to tho conventions that will to
in the interest-* ot the pwrnbrn of local
**. tt' SSSSS -„6 'aas any propo*
sitien to submit, which he considers
would bo in tho intorests of the Engineers in this provinoe, thould immediately forward same in writing to Secretary W. A. Alexander, In order that
same may be discussed by dolegates beforo the convention.
Swedish Radicals Issue Manifesto
Stockholm, Sweden—The left wing ef
the Socialist Party of Sweden, the
Young People's Socialist League, and
the Swedish Soldiers' and Working-
men 's Council, have joined in issuing a
manifesto, in which, after calling attention to many undemocratic conditions within tho country, they put forth
the following demands os a programme
of those threo organizations: () Tho
formation of a Socialist government
supported by the workmen's, soldiers'
aud peasants' councils all over, the
country; (2) a republican form of government; (3) tho abolition of tho upper
chambor of the parliament; (4) tho immediate convening of b constituent national assembly on the Basis of unlimited suffrage for men and women above
20 yearn; (5) immediate abolition of
militarism; (0) a systematic raising of
wagos for all working men ond civil
service t?mployci*s; (7) the Immediate
introduction of the 8-hour day; (8) tho
confiscation of estates held by companies and of crown possessions, and their
distribution, undor tho control of tho
various communities, among the working classes.       ,
Second Annual
Whist Drive
Friday, Feb. 21, 1919
Cards commence 8.30.
Dancing, 9 to 2.
Get Your Tickets Early
Brimful of illustrations and useful garden information —
sent free, postpaid—
to any address.
James Brand _ Co.
Branch Store:
Hosiery for
—In cotton, brown,
grey, black or white;
50c a pair.
—In lisle, champagne,
beige, light grey or
palm beach;  68c a'
In lisle, dark brown,
taupe or tan; full-
fashioned, seamless,
neat fitting; 85c a
Novelty ribbed mercerized lisle in navy,
grey, black or white;
correct style; $1.25 a
In pure silk and black
with white clox and
white with black clox,
$2.25 a pair.
Protest Against Oonoeeslons Bring tt
Handa of H. S. Clements,
at P.
The Baacalay Sound Fishery Protection Association passed the following
resolution recently, aa a result of the
curtailment of tho inquiry now being
carried on into the subject of fishery
"That tha limitation of the scope
of the inquiry now being conducted
under the Public Inquiries Aot, sitting
at Port Alberni, B. 0., Into tht charges
laid by the association, it preventing
and will movent a full aad thorough
investigation Into the conditions that
have caused the Sockeye and Tyee Sal*
mon to be depleted, and which, if allowed to continue, will also deplete ths
dog salmon and herring;
"That la tha opinion of thli association tha root of tho ovil la tho faot
that the privileges and concessions connected with tke fishing industry la thia
aad surrounding districts havt hon ia
tht hands and under tha control of the
Dominion member for tho district, Mr.
H. 8. Clements, and the heads of tht
Doptrtment of fisheries;
"That the irregularities, which trt
a Blatter of publlo knowledge, should
not be laid oa the shoulders of tho local
inspectors tad thtlr subordinates, bat
should be brought homo to tha mea whs
are really responsible;
"That thia association puts itself on
record ta being In no way opposed to
tht Cannery interests, but is determined to flght by all fair means a system
under which tht goodwill of tho Dominion member of Parliament and ths
head officials of tho department must
be obtained, either to secure a eon-,
cession, or to atop the Illegal pjracticea
whereby one of our most important
Industries Ib threateaed with extinc*
Ladies' Suits, Goats and Dresi
h Advance-Spring
Styles Are Here
the surra sa -*ae Satftrtt
dHlfmi u. nss the latest Saw I«k itrlss.
THE COATS ^■afi-ft.'^a-j!
-ulerials an its hw.i aewnt aat aaurtnt owe-
f* _** In PoplUa, Tstf-tM, a£iie. etc., In'suor
ttattlM-ajntat colon.
i atreet NfnducUaaa ot
tr Tort's aSvaaac stvlM,
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
made the natives suffer ia order to ex*
tort rubber from them, Tou see, thoy
got tho rubber for practically nothing,
and then made articles from it and sold
thom so that they could become rich, aa
a result of the labor of the cruelly-
treated natives. They used their labor
to get hold of the good rubber of tho
country, to make things which they were
nover well onough off to buy, though
they would never havo had tno rubber
but fer tho work of these
natives; white men would havo
died, from fever, poisonous inseots, and
numerous other causes, somo of which
did not trouble tho natives. Some, of
course, were as bad for them as for the
whito man, but their slave driving masters didn't eare whether they wore ill
or not. The only thing they cared
about waB getting a good supply of
rubber, rubber, rubber. This was what
we call "exploitation."
"But, mother," aaid Harry at thia
point, "If thla rubber waa a juice, how
did they use ltt I saw a picture once,
and I'm sure it said 'rubber biscuits.' "
"That's just what thoy do call the
rubber after the juice has been smoked,
that is, after a stick, placed on two
supports, (so that it can bo twirled rap*
idly), has had some rubber juice poured over It, and hat beea twirled round
and round In the tmoko from a fire.
When thla 'sots,"more juice ia poured
over, and so on until a big ball weighing many pounds is formed. Then the
end of the stick is given a sharp bang
on the ground and off drops the 'bis*
Harrys next question was t
"what!"    "What happens thenf"
"Nowadays It Is vulcanised, or mado
so that it will not go sticky when hot,
or hard like a atone when oold. Tou
havo heard of Goodyear tires. Goodyear was the man who found the secret of vulcanizing rubber, and through
au accidont, though he had been trying
to find a way for years. Even then the
accidont oeourred while he was still trying, aftor he hid worked for years,
■spent mosey, and boon put In prison tor
sot paying his debts."
"Well, he worked for nothlngl
Wasn't that worse than the natives!
Thoy, wore paid something."
They are being forced to work for
others to make galas. Goodyear work
cd because ho knew If he aueeeeded he
would receive some benefit. The natives oould havo lived with very little
work if loft alono, ao they wore far
worst off than before and without hopo
of over being better. Their termor
liberty waB taken from thom and nothing given equal in value ln return.
That is why wo say they wero exploit-
od. Perhaps a few roads and missions
were built but they were of as much or
tuoru. benefit to the exploiters than the
"Tho missions would bo more good
to tho natives, wouldn't they!" asked Horry.
"In some Instances, perhaps," replied his mothor, "but in the othors
tho people wcro taught to be satisfied
with what thoy had, and to believo
that the God whom tho whito people
worshipped was a God of lovo, whon
It was really woalth they woro worshipping and using thc work of the
notivos, whoso country was being
robbed, whilo they wore being mado to
think It wob all right; both they aad
thoir country wcro being mado weaker,
and countrios of this kind, whore the
natives havo often been taught wrong
things, or do not know how great their
countrios are, aro called backward
"Then wc white people who havo
hod a chance to know better waye of
doing thlnga, ought to tssch them,
shouldn't wc!"
"That's tho spirit I want my boy to
show," aald .hit mother, warmly. "If
thia waa done, the world would really
have a chance of becoming that groat,
great brotherhood that will mean a
pleasant life wtih the truest wealth
the world possesses—lovs— for each
By this time Harry waa fitted out
with rubber boots, reaching ' to hia
knees, an oilskin cape, and sou'wester,
and with the booka he needed carefully
tucked under his cape he could run
off to school, leaving hla mothor free
from the thought of doctor's bills because some nativo tn some forest had
probably worked In a terriblo down*
pour ot raia to get tho rubber "juice"
which protected him so well.
Norwegian Soldiers Hold Conference!
Christiania, Norway—-A national conference of representatives of the Sol*
diers Couneil in Norway and of repre*
sontatives of other workingmen's or*
ganisations has boon held in Christie*
nia. A manifesto was adopted calling
upon all men Of military ago to form
soldiers' organizations throughout the.
country, or else to register with the organizations of working men. Among
the demands made by the conference
wore: The abolition of militarism, the
conversion of the munition industry
into some productive enterprise, and
guarantees that tho military will not
bo used against the working class. The
soldiers aro admonished to.unlto with
othor organizations of workingmen in
order to accomplish the historic mission
of the working class—the abolition oT
capitalism and militarism.
Patronize FederationiBt advertiser*
and tell then why you jlo so.
oob mrs bu*.
Is also showing asw Spriaf Sails ler mn sad
yean nun la the uurtut aat ausl ip-U-dst**
striae and matwlab.
Oar lasr Pa-rant <--<
Simplr tty « a small
nu ssleetloas—bs Srat la style.        tl
Pisa trill make burins hen cast. I_
all depoilt sad ttt baUaos to sail l"
New York Ontfitting Co., Ltd.    I
148 HASTINGS STBEET WBST Opp. Provinco Office
"That overy effort should bo made
to extend the scope of the said inquiry
so that all matters relating to tho flsh-
cries In tho wholo of our district may
be Investigated;
"That copies of thlt resolution be
sent to the Minister of Marine, the
Provincial Minister of Plshtrli
Dominion member for the diatri
Srovlnolal member, the Dominloi
er for Nanalmo, the teorettu
the Boards of Trade of Port i
Nanaimo, Duncans, Victoria, \
ver, New Westminster aad Pria
We offer these three well-known Shoes at a big ss
ing. The regular prices are $11.00 d»Q Q
and$12.00.   Reduced price ,..*pO«y*
lie Shoe People
Bound tht Corner from Cambie
Wo Mall Show Proa Write for Oatalo,
Special in
Blue Serge
—one of the most popular and serviceable materials used for men's suitings.
The sergo in this suit is strictly high
grade—the best value in serge offered in
the West
The blue is fast color—a thoroughly reliable dye.
Suits are offered in conservative
models—various styles.
We have a full line—not merely broken
sizes—there's a fit here for you—a "Dick"
fit, too.
A suit such as sells elsewhere at $26
and up
This special carries our sweeping guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or Your
Money Back."
33-45-47-49. Hastings St. Eos*.


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