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British Columbia Federationist Sep 26, 1924

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Array BRITI
2_NDUSTRIAI_ UNITY: STRENGTH
COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFKJIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
IH PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
._ POLITICALUNITY: VICTORY
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. 39
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY .MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26,1924
5c A COPY
CASE OF SCARLETT
Mass
Meeting Protests  Against
His Deportation to
Scotland
A CONTRADICTION OF LAW
B.  C,
Labor
Eedor-
rty    of
British
Assurances Given Labor Memberi
Believed Not Made in
Good Faith
fXN Sunday evening last, a protest
meeting was held in the Empress
theatre, at which those present
passed a resolution deploring thc
action of the    government    ln    thlt.
It was pointed out hy the numerous speakers that it was not the deportation of Mr. Scarlett in particular with which they were vitally
concerned, it was the principle involved. With such an act on the
statute books of Canada, it is now
possible to pick up any foreign-
horn citizen—whether of British birth
or not, and deport them to thoir
r.ative country. Under this act they
cin be arrested without any knowledge ol' what the crime may
with which they have heen charged.
They can be tried in their absence
and sentenced. They can be tried tie
fore a committee of citizens, ami
from their decision there Is nn recourse other than to the government.
They have no right to a trial by
jury. Such Is the nature of this Iniquitous piece of ldgfalation.
Tlie various speakers urged upon
the workers* the necessity of their
showing their active interest and sol-
Utarfty, pointing out that it had been
their apathy and indifference that
hns made it possible tor our
ernment to adopt such high-handed
methods.
It was pointed out that had thr
workers taken a keener interest,in
our political affairs and had used
their Votes Intelligently, the repre
senlatlon thoy would have had in our
various houses ' of representative...
would havo been sueh as to have
rendered Buch a protest meeting us
this one quite unnecessary.
The speakers were as follows:
Wm. Donaldson, secretary, Seafarers' Union of B. C.
Oeorge Flndlny, representing Amalgamated Society of •CtWpimter-tf^htt
Joiners, Vancouvor.
J. Ci. Smith, representing Trades
and Labor council, Vancouver.
W. <T. Curry, Workers' party of
Canada.
It. H. Neelands, M.L.A., (
and president Trades ant
council,  Vancouver.
J. Lyle Telford, secretary
ated Labor party of B. C.
C. Stephenson. Socialist i
Canada.
Frank Browne, M.L.A..
Columbia.
Wm. Bennett, Communist party of
Canada.
W. H. Cottrell, Trades and Labor1
congress of Canada.
J. A. MacDonald, Industrial Workers of the World.
The following resolution was unanimously adopted and ordered sent to
the minister of immigration and to
the labor bodies as below specified:
Wlierens—Owing to orders-ln.coun-
cil which still remain on the statute boks of Canada, tho Immigration
of Canada gives the officer in
Charge and the minister of immigration and colonization the right to
deport anyone of British birth from
'the Dominion of Canada, if he is not
*a Canadian and no recourse to judge I
[or jury is possible; In fact is specifically denied, and
Whereas—In the case of Sam Scar-
[lett three ofllcers of the immigration j
service of Canada ln  secret  session
kgave the said'Sam  Scarlett a farsi-
cal  trial,  in  which  the verdict had
Jbeen  typed and  prearranged  before
iuch trial, with the arresting officer1
[acting as one of the judges, and this
lis  the  only substitute    for    British
■justice which is open to him under
(the law, and
Whereaa—The giving of sych auto-
ratlc powers, denied under the British flag to kings since the signing of
■Magna Carta, and the other bills of
[rights of the British peoples, savors
of the denial of the ordinary proces-
)es of justice, arid
Whereas—<-In spite of the assurances given labor members on the
floors of the dominion parliament,
that this law would not be used
against labor, the deportation pro-
teedings against Sam Scarlett shows
tlmt these promises are worthless
find not made In good faith, and
Whereas—The present law could
[not be supported except on two assumptions, ont that the government
»f Canada has no faith that tho
[courts of Canada and citizens of
fcanada sitting as juries would do
[impartial justice, nnd the other that
[it was the intention to carry through
(icts of injustice, and that to this end
11 appeals to the courts must be defiled, and men banished without re-
ess, and
Whereas—Wo believe that the
■eason for the institution of doport-
tlon proceeding against Ram Scarlett In .iplte of any excuses that may
|>c made is because of his labor ideas,
*nd to circumvent the plain provis-
bnH of the British Nortli America Act
[dative to free speech and free as-
jomblngn,  Therefore  be   it—
Resolved—Tbat wo workers and
itiaens of Vancouver, assembled in
[he largest theatro in Vancouver this
wenly-flrst day of September, nine,
cen hdndrod and twenty-four, hcro-
iy protest, to tho minister of immi-
rntlon and colonization of the Dom-
(Contlnued on page 4)
"RUSSIA   TODAY   UNDER   A   WORKERS'
GOVERNMENT,"
*willl be the subject of an address given by
ks. Rose Henderson
AT Rt „ 4L THEATRE, 136 Hastings Street East
Sunuay, September 28, 1924
At 8 p.m.
All are welcome.  Come and hear the facts from
one who has been to Russia.
Chairman. HARRY NEELANDS, M. L. A.
ARRIVAL OF MISS
BONDFIELD, M. P.
AN Ottawa despatch says that Miss
Margaret Bondfleld, M. P., of the
British house of Commons, parliamentary secrtary of labor, has arrived in Ottawa on her way to Van
couver. While In this country she
will carry on Investigation work in
to conditions here for the information
of the Overseas Settlement board.
Old Russia**-The Causes
of the Revolution
[By  Hose   Henderson]
ARTICLE   I.—Introduction.
IDIilFORE    discussing   Russia   today
I',
under a soviet or working men's
govornment, it may be well to review a little of the history and condition or that people under the rule
of tho Romanoffs, who for over five
hundred years witli the aid of gallows, knout and dungeon, held the
people of that nation in the most
abject economic and political subjection. Few have read tlie history
of Russia or know anything of the
literature and art produced by that
.group of realists. Russia's true
patriots who refused to lie silent in
face of wrong, artists with courage
and vision who produced their art
not for art's (sake but for life's sake,
and whoso message kept alive not
only the soul of Russia through that
long, black night of czardom, but
stirred sympathy in all justice-loving peoples oytside Russia.
..., W-ilt1". .in-"-190!V the*. King invited
his cousin the czar to visit Ijlm in
England and all prepnftions were
being made to receive him, the
memories of tbe massacres and in,
justices inflicted on the people under Ills rule wore so vivid in the
public conscience that mass meetings wero held and so strong thc
protests that his imperial majesty the
czar was not permitted to land on
British soil, and had to be entertained on the high seas. Vet today,
fifteen years later, King George and
Queen Mary not only Invite the
Russian delegation, a delegation
comprised mostly, of "trade unionists," "common working men,'' "just
emerging," we are told, "from savagery," to attend their levee, but to
dine with them at Buckingham palace, and to meet the world's most
"distinguished diplomats," and London's society leaders vie with each
other to do them homage—while
those wbo spend their time and
talents denouncing Russia would
not be invited to sit on the lawn,
much less dine with royalty or
mingle  with  London  society.
Surely tliere is nothing so true
and so sure as the eternal law of
change.
Russia is a nation comprising,
one-sixth of the universe with a
population numbering from 130 to
150 millions, made up of mnny
nationalities and speaking innumerable dialects, a nation rich in natural resources and potential human
wealth, and until recently domin.
ated by a bureaucracy ruthless and
reactionary, growing ever more despotic and deoudent, a government
which prevented not only tho masses
rising out of their ignorance and
subjection, but hampered the development, trade expansion and aspirations of the rising Russian bourgeoisie—a condition which precipitated the revolution of 1905, a revolt, not of the 'masses, but of Ihe
bourgeoisie ngainst the reactionary
landed bureaucracy and a desire on
the part of the former to introduce
a limited monarchy. The masses in
this case, as during the French revolution, being merely the pawns used
to help put the rising bourgeoisie in
the seats of power.
The 1905 revolution was crushed
in a sea of blood. Every jai! and
fortress was filled to overflowing
with the men, women and youth of
the working class. Executions and
tortures were the order of the day,
but In spite of everything the spirit
of the revolution lived more intensely than ever. It awakened minds
once asleep, touched hearts once
cold and Indifferent, and served to
ignite tiie smoldering embers oi
revolt lying dormant in tho breasts
of ihe many into a mighty flume,
Creating everywhere a divine discontent that culminated in tho revolution of 1917 which overthrow the
czarist regime and established a
"government of the people by the
peoplo and for tho people." A revolution inevitable, not because of n
Lenine or Trotsky and not the do.
Ings of a few discontented "rod boi-
shivlsts" but becnuso of thtt terrible
social Injustices, Inequalities nnd thoi
f cruel dispotism of a corrupt and decadent ruling class.
Life in Russia for the masses beanie unbearable, tbere being; nothing
so certain  as 'death and  persecution.
The pensnnts, who represent 90l-/£
of the population, were always the
victims of famine, drought, disease
and exhorbitant taxat.on.
The mortality in Russia was twice
as high as in Norway, Sweden and
Britain, and 50% higher than in
Frnnce nnd America, and instead of
decreasing with the aid of science
and the spread of knowledge, It constantly increased, whole 'villages at
times being wiped out, thc death rate
amongst children amounting lo a
veritable slaughter of the  innocents.
Tlie peasants always ill nourished,
and housed under the most debasing
conditions, died like flies wben even
the mildest form of epidemic broke
out. There was no attempt at sanitation, no ventilation, no opportunity for the practice of persona! hygiene, no attempt whatsoever to
stamp out the causes of disease nnd
.J^,aqw66S-.,q£UheiH^'?.>iilt!fiioiir. i-Thr.
family in most cases lay on benches
on the stoves or In a loft, witb neither beds, sheets or any semblance
(Continued   on   pago  4)
I. Ai L CONGRESS
Convention at London, Ontario,
Elect Officers for Ensuing Year
DOU PRIVILEGED CLASS
Has Earned Respect of Civil Service Officials-^their Esprit
de Corps
A   LITTLE  incident   happened    the
other week and. the naive treatment of it by the press    is    worth
noting.
A man was creating a breach ol
thc (ire by-laws by blocking the corridor, of a crowded building. He was
placed in custody. Then was recognized. He was, it was reported, a
lawyer. Sequel: ."Smiling explanation," by a police official. It should
be noted that the infraction of tlie
law ceased witli the discovery of the
indentity of the culprit. If the off
ender hnd turned out to have been a
mechanic we wonder if his recept
ion would  have been  the same.
/.There can be no doubt that the
success of the legal fraternity tand
others of tbeir kind) in getting their
members on public bodies, especially the provincial house, lias earned the respect of the service officiala.
We had a good example of their "es-
juMf de „oorj?s" at 1,h> second .lpnt,_
provincial election.
Sir Charles H. Tupper was asked
by a newspaper lt> pick a slate of
good men from tlie 28 running. Ho
picked six lawyers, some liberal and
conservative; and tlte late Joseph
Martin, independent.
When the workers cab automatically vote for workers, perhaps they
will also get tlio glad hand and the
twinkling eye when they hnve the
misfortune to get in the bands of
tlie law.
DELEGATION  TO  MEET BURNABY  DISTRICT COUNCIL NEXT MONDAY EVENING
Re Frank Browne
Labor M.L.A.-Elect
All workers and others interested iii the recent
activities of tbe Burnaby council are urged to be
present at the council meeting on Monday evening
next when a delegation of citizens will be present
and a petition signed by thie Burnaby ratepayers,
will be presented to the council, deploring their
unwarranted action in connection with Frank
Browne, labor member --elect, from that district.
THETOWNOFTRAIL
Some 1600 Employed by One Firm
—Men Paid Both Wages
and Bonos
HAVE FORM OF 1N8UXAN0E
As We See It—Unem-
ployment and Education
TOM MOORE IS RE-ELECTED
Secretary P. M. Draper Returned
by Acclamation for 24th
Term
■TOM MOORE was again elected
president of the Trades and Labor congress of Canada at the concluding session held at London, Out.,
on Saturday last, He has been president since 1918. Tlm Buck, Toronto,
nominated by Delegate J. Cavanugh,
Vnncouver, was the only other nom»*
nee. He secured 44 votes on Uu*
first  ballot ngainst Moore's lf>».
Secret a ry F. M. Draper was re -
turned by acclamation for the 24th
term.
James Simpson, Toronto; J. T. Foster, Montreal, and Bert Merson, Toronto,   were   elected   vice-presidenls.
J. F. Marsh, Niagara Falls, was
elected to represent the congress as
fraternal delegate to the Brltisn
Trades  Union  Congress,
To think in terms of national
unity or hnrmony Is to be confronted with the inescapable conflicts be.
tween   economic  groups.
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P.
to Speak in Vancouver
A WESTERN itinerary is being plan
ned for J, s. Woodsworth, M. P.,
under tiie direction of the People's
Forum Speakers bureau of Brandon,
Man. It Is anticipated that Mr.
Woodsworth will be on the const from
Oct. lflth to the 24th inclusive, and
that his time will lie fully occupied
addressing meetings during that
period.
■ The announcement of the time and
place for his meetings will appear In
this paper shortly. Those interested
will remember and try and keep the
above-mentioned week clear. Mr.
Woodsworth always gives a most interesting address, and one that the
workers can not afford to miss. Tlio
work of the labor members in Ottawa,
as elsewhere, is never given the publicity that It rightly deserves. It is,
therefore, encumbent upon the workers to come and hear from their own I
members the true stato of affairs.
Watch for the announcement, which
will be mnde at an early a dato as
possible.
CROWDED OUT
The unifies on "Pros and Amis—
Debate on VanK'ilMtlon," crowded out
of this isue, will appear next week.
[By Angus Maclnnis]
r\N SEVERAL occasions recently
I have read editorials in the
Vancouver Morning Sun dealing with
education and its relation to employment, or to unemployment. The
gist of the editorials in question was
that If the mental capacity and
adaptabilty of the child were studied
and that they ,were educated accordingly, there would be no unemployed problem. Without any
hesitation whatever, I will say that
such Is not he case.
To put forward such a proposition
for the cure of the unemployment
problem shows a lack of understanding of the causes of unemploy.
mont and also as to the purposes of
education, or what should be the
purpose  of  education.
Dealing flrst with unemployment:
the editorial assumes, more than assumes, by implication, if not i;i
words, states: that people are unemployed because they are not skilled
craftsmen, or that .they aro plnced
lm^empWyment'';f6V;.-^hioh- they a,-e
not fitted. Now, if such were the
case, tbere would always lie a demand for skilled workers.
The    processes   of    production   in
CECIL I Old
Accidentally Electrocuted Early
Friday Morning- While
Cleaning: Switch
BY PLASH  OF 34,600  VOLTS
Clothes on Fire When Workmen
Pulled  Him  Away
from Switch
pECiL WILLIAM OLDItOYD, 2016
Fifth avenue east, B. C. 10. R,
floorman, burned to death when a
high tension switch on which he was
working early Friday morning was
short circuited, came to his death
through an accident, the coroner's
Jury found in the Inquest held in the
city morgue last Saturday morning.
Oldroyd, who leaves a wife and two
children, was terribly burned while
engaged in cleaning the switch and
died shortly nfter being admitted to
to the general hospital.
Roy Paine, load inspector, said that
34,600 volts has flashed through the
unfortunate victim, burning him to
death and that his clothes were on
lire when fellow workmen pulled him
away from the switch and administered first aid. Being n trustworthy
workman, ho was popular with his
fellows. The sympathy of a host of
friends and acquaintances is extended
to bis widow und children.
CO-OPERATION
CHE FEDERATIONIST is endeavoring to make a determined stand for the betterment
of the conditions of all workers, whether by hand or brain. It is a fight that requires
thc co-operation and assistance of every onc who has at heart thc interests of humanity as tt
whoie. Labor herself has not yet learned the lesson that she would teach to the world. She
must do it if she would succeed in her mission-a mission that is worthy of thc highest and
best of which we aro capable. Until she has learned that lesson, until 1hc various forces
within the ranks of the Labor movement realize that they must unite if they would accomplish the objective which is theirs, all their efforts will be, more or less, in vain.
THE FEDERATIONIST, controlled as it is, by the Federated Labor Party of British
Columbia, is determined to forward, by all thc means within its power, the best interests of
the masses. To do that, and to make its influence felt to the extent that it should, it, must,
have (the co-operation and assistance of all ils readers. Help The Federationist in ils figh!
for unity of the workers. Subscribe il' you are not already a subscriber! then pass your copy
on to a friend and urge him to do fin* snme. Nothing worth while is ever accomplished in
this world without some sacrifice. If you are looking for something for nothing, your search
will be in vain,
HELP iHE FEDERATIONIST IN ITS FIGHT FOR 00-OPERATION
1**1 '••■'f<t«*..f»t.*..t»*f ..*..*■ •-....»..
f moedrn society requires all grades
of skill, from the common laborer
who works with the pick and shovel
to the most skilled craftsman, but
modern machinery is gradually
equalizing the amount of skill necessary i'or any line of production, so
that a novice can today, under thc
direction of a capable technician, do
work lhat a few years ago' would
have   required   a  skilled   tradesman.
But to get an understanding of
the causes of uncmploymet It is
necessary to understand tlie purpose
underlying present day production
This is un important question, and
time spent .in examining it anil in
trying to understand it is time well
spent.
Let us take the building trades as
an illustration. A great many different crafts arc engaged in this industry. But houses, ofllce building-.,
like other commodities, are built to
be sold. That* is, sold directly from
seller to buyer, or hold by the week,
month or yoar, as the case may lie.
Rented by the owner who cannot
use thsm himself to others who need
them. While enough people can be
lind to buy or rent buildings as fa^f
as they nro built, those engaged in
tho building trades .will be employed
and ns far ns they are concerned
business is good. Mut when there
are more houses than buyers, then
capital is withdrawn from that industry, and the men of the various
rafts in the building trade are up-
mployed. And they are unemployed not because they are skilled ot
unskilledi or because they arc adapted or unndapted to their various
crafts but because a proflt cannot
be made out of their labor by utili.
zing it  for  that  particular  purpose.
In ordor to live these craftsmen
must sell something, but having nothing lo sell but their life's energy,
labor power, and not being able tu
soil it to the masters in the bulldln?
trades they must try and sell it where
Ihey may. Consequently other employers finding their places of lms-
'iness beseigad b.v workorti seeking
employment will take advantage uf
the over supply of labor on the market and reduce the wages of thcir employees. And the employees will accept the reduction knowing full well
that if they demur that they fan be
quickly replaced by those who are
unemployed. This reduction of
wages reacts on t he employees of
other industries because it reduces
the purchasing power of the community or country, or as the case Is
to-day, It hus a world-wide effect,
and leads to further unemployment.
Unemployment, why? Because the
workers were not educated along
lines In accordance with their adapt-
ability, no, but regardless of what
skill they may or may not possess
they hud produced more thnn lho
market could absorb. The results
would be no different if every worker
was nol only skilled hut super-skilled
In his particular trade or eraft.
It is not u questfon of production.
It is a matter of .ownership. When
the people will collectively own what
they have collectively produced, there
mny bo unemployment, hut it will no
longer be a problem or curse; it will
be a blessing because it will give
time, free from worry and nnnoy-
unce, to qngnge In tbe creation of
greater nnd nobler things than the
mere necessities of life.
On the point of education the
learned editor is equally at sea.
Whal lie has iu mind Is not an education hut a training. There is a
great deal of difference between education and training. The dog. horso
or mule that you see performing
stunts at a circus have been trained
Iml   not   educated.     The   people   you
see performing equally useful trloka
in lhe various activities of life hUVO
been more or less trained hut tint
one In one thousand has boon educated.
Possible tbe editor has in mind
worklng-Clnas education, as they
are ibe people mosl affected by mi
employment. We have all other
things allotted to lis according as WO
an- rnnetora or workers. As broad
cloth or sill, for masters, cotton and
overalls for workers, ' Hols Royco
I nnd Pullman for masters; Fords and
Company Opposed tb Union, but
Favors "Benevolent Society**
and Steady Work
[By John Pickens hovel]
THERE is one place ln this provinco
which is an Interesting centra o*
study from a labor standpoint, and lt
IMhe town of Trail.
As we would a fossil In a museum,
one might view the genus of proletariat in that place with a great deal
of curiosity. The dally press itaelf
occasionally makes mention of that
fact. While most centres of population are sometimes scenes of Industrial disturbance, the place mentioned
fs often held up as a model of industrial tranquility. It Is often pictured
as the one place where capltol and
labor are partners, where there are
no agitators to disturb the worker,
and no union to cause worry to the
capitalists. In much of the press
news to that effect, thero ls much
truth.
In Trail we have a larger number
of men employed by one firm, namely,
the Consolidatetd Mining and Smelting company. There are said to be
ahout 1500 employees working for
that concern. Tho nature of work
engaged in for the most part is the
extraction of metals of various kinds,
nnd is considered the most complete
of its kind tn Canada. The firm pays
its workers what is termed a regular
woge plus a bonus based on an increase In tho price of the metals. The
bonus as a general rule is more minus
than plus. The men are for tho most
part unaware^ of whether the price
of metals go up or down, and moreover, have not the nerve to ask any
questions about It. They are also unaware of the fact that whether the
price goes up or down, the company's
ratio of proflt is on the upward grade
all Iho time.
The hurry-up system, together'
with the use of machinery that enhances production, tend to increase
the .margin -ttt' proflt regardless <rf■ the-
price of the motalH. Of course, when
there is loo mueh metal uu hand to
lie disposed of in tho current market,
many of (be men lose both wages and
bonus. In othor words, they loso
their Jobs, aud the smile of security
and contentment that goes with it.
The productive ratio of the men is
also increased by the fact that many
work on a contract basis of so much
per ton. This, of course, is another
medium of increasing the productivo
Capacity of those working for wages.
Then again, there are a number of
bosses whose sole function seems to
be of standing around for a while observing as to whether <>r not the men
are releasing enough perspiration.
The company has also devised an
insurance scheme to secure the stability of tlie slaves. At least, so they
are informed at the time they are
hired. Usually an insurance scheme
implies a document known as a "policy." Now, tlie writer has been employed for a month, but up to date,
has not seen any sueh document, and
may in nil probability never see one.
He has been informed, however, that
after a man has worked for six
months, In; will have a policy written
out for him at a reduced rate. Owing
to lhe dlsngreeabtencss of the work,
many fail to put in the required timo
to get the so-called Insurance. For
When a man is compelled to quit ow
ing to the absorption of lend, dust
and gasses in bis system, be loses bis
insurance,   fn  addition  to  bis  health.
Of course the company is opposed
to unions In whieh the men would be
free to act. It dues believe, however,
in what Is cal lei a "benevolent society," and they have sueh an InsU.u-
tlon. The general munag-i' of thp
company Is often present at the meetings, to "Jolly" (he boys along. Thoro
Is, for that reason, littlo dnngor of
there being any bolsheviki speeches
delivered at the meetingB. He will
personally see to that. Any complaints made about the conditions
nronnd tho plant will speedily bo
dealt with, and especially the man
who makes them.
Then again if a man falls Into a
blast furnace or otherwise get a quick
transportation lo hades, the company's position can be protected from
any responsibility: All tbe doctors in
Trail handle Ihe casualty cases for
the company! so thai often in ease tho
man Is too far gono to he reserved
(Continued on page 2)
railway ties for Workers; costly liquors and champagne for masters,
cheap beer for workers; palaces fur
musters,   hovels   for   the   builders   of
those palaces j porterhouse sieuk   for
ibe   Idle,   liver     for     Hi''     tol^r.     < >I"
course, the mombers of thy working
elans have porterhouse steak once In
a while, but even on these rure oc?
iah1 ons tbey tell ihe butcher to cut
it oil the nook, However, wh) continue'. Education nrtd nol training is
what Ifl noceanary. An education that
iV i! nwible tho wo ker I i comprehend iii" humeri.-**, of lifo thai  tho
j prosonl productive fori es of s cloty
oould luMou   upon ever)  membor of
i the human race woro they intelligently  directed. PAGE TWO
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 39 BRITISH    COLUMBIA    FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B.C.
FRIDAY September 26, 1924
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Business and Editorial Office, 1129 Howe St.
The policy of Tito B. 0. Fedorationist i&
controlled by the editorial hoard of the Fed-
erated Labor Party of British Columliia.
Subscription Bate: United States and Foreign. 93.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
month.
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<   v                  SEATTLE, WASH.
ECKHART NEWS STOBE Seattle
FRIDAY September 26, 1924
\
SURE CUKE FOR UNEMPOLY-
no trade or profession that is not already overcrowded.
As conditions are ia society today,
it is a matter of choosing some calling
in and through wliich by giving all
your time and energy to it you can
cara a living. The thought of choosing something for whicb you are beat
adapted or which you would cliooso
from preference) is guile out of tho
question iu tlie vast majority of instances.
When our friend talks of immigration, lie's a "scream," as the girls
would say. To even insinuate that
the production of our country is cut
down for lack of men In its basic industries, is to display such a degree
of ignorance 0f the real economic
structure, as should render such an
individual absolutely unfit to ever pen
a word for human eyes to even gaze
upon. So long as the editors of oui
dnily press allow such twaddle to be
broadcasted, how can we ever expect
the average man or woman to full,
grasp the seriousness of the chaotic
social conditions that are confronting
uh today.
ish jurist, Baron Pollock, says: "It Is'
commonly supposed that land belongs
to Its owner, in the same sense as
money or his watch; this Is not the
theory in English law since the Norman conquest; nor has lt neen so In
its full significance at any time: No
absolute ownership of land is recog-
nlzed by our law books, except In tne
crown."
Tbis is quoted from his important
legal reference "English Land Laws,"
and should be remembered as we read
constantly, the terrible stories of want
of houses in the old country, and the
suffering caused through this.
BO
;
MENT
REALIZING that many of our readers may not enjoy the privilege of
reading the Vancouver Sun, and
knowing that any solution tnat mlgm
be suggested for the problem of un
employment, should receive our earnest attention, we reprint a portion oi
an editorial, which appeared in that
publication, a few days ago. It reads
as follows:
The real cure for unemployment Is
dependent upon two factors:
1. Vocational education of young
boys and girls so they will grow up to
do the work they are best fitted for.
The man who Is unemployed is one
Who has been taught either to do nothing at all, or to do something for
which he ls tempermentally, intellectually and physlcaly unfitted. The
world is full of young fellows who
have wasted their time trying to be
lawyers or engineers when they might
have been learning to be good carpenters, and who end up by being nothing at all.
. 2. Immigration. A clock with half
Its parts missing won't run. Neither
will a Country whose production is
<cut down for lack of men in tbe basic
industries.
No doubt, this "real cure" should
receive our every consideration, since
it emanates from such an intellectual
source. Let ns see how it could be
applied.
"Vocational education of ,\oung
boys. . . bent fitted for." That is a
worthy suggestion. Our educational
system Is most decidedly a failure
when it comes to developing the particular aptitudes of the Individual student. Undoubtedly there aro thousands of our men and women engaged
in doing the "com mon place" tasks in
this world, who, If they but had tho
training, and bad the opportunity to
put Into practice the knowledge they
thus attained, tbey would lead tbo
world In tbelr particular linos. When,
howover, the article goes on to state
that, "ihe man who is unemployed
. . and physically unfit led." then
the editor of the Mun is, consciously or
unconsciously, telling a deliberate
falsehood. It Is common knowledge
tbiit there are thousands upon thousands of young men and women and,
we might add. thousands of individu
ain of more mature yours, who ar
not only exceedingly well trained In
thcir pari leu lar vocation, nnd wbo
nre intellectually and physically fitted
to do tbeir chosen work, but thoy can
not find the work to do, It Is ull very
well for the editor of tho Sun, or any
other of his kind, to sit behind iheir
desk, and write such twaddle, but If
by chnnce they were to loose tlieir
own positions, they would find that the
tllfllcultles that the average man or
woman hus to meet ate ofttimes un
Hiirmnnntable if tbey would proaorva
tbeir honorable principles, or sticrlilc.
their self-respect. Tbere Is no mor
serious task facing any conscientious
parent today than the task of advising
his or her offspring regarding their
future vocation.   There is practically
FOR THE COMMON WEAL
OTH in Britain and in the United
States—in fnct, in most parts of
the World—scientific research is being
prosecuted with a keenness and en-
energy probably as never before
known. That sonib wonderful discoveries are about to develop Is certain; in Britain, we hear, \hat new
and wonderful dye processes are
promised, transmutation of metals
and its practical application for important ends. The conservation of the
coal supply, hy reason or means tu
extract the greatest possible power
from the minerals, instead of burning
it—in what Is now known to be criminal waste—in its natural form. Again,
we read that Professor E. C. Baly of
Liverpool university, demonstrated
only a few days since that synthetic
sugar can be produced; a discovery
considered among scientists to be one
of the most important of modern
times; and, although it may be some
time before it can be utilized commercially, the fact remains, and It will
doubtless be a remarkable factor in
human food production.
Many more wonders and surprises
are In store for an expectant world.
There Is hardly a week goes by without accounts appearing of important
experiments and discoveries.
Is it not time, then, that humanity
should beneflt to the full In these
wonders? To those patient, skilful
geniuses who have made and will ln
future evolve for us " these wonders
and blessings, all praise and most lib
eral reward. But, let mankind, from
a common sense perception, If for no
other, cry a halt at these great gifts
being exploited by incorporations and
trusts! A properly constituted government, by the people for the people,
should have a responsible department
to watch these Important social matters and handle them for the public
good and not allow capital for greed's
sake to fatten on the brains and ingenuity of science students and extort
huge profits, through control, from
the people.
Take one of the most valuable and
wonderful discoveries of modern times
cold storage. Does the general public get one fraction of the real advantage from It that it would have done
had central government control taken
it in hand from the first? No, capital
comes In, uses it for storing away surplus supplies until the markets (carefully manipulated) warrant realizing
on such as can be sold; and frequently holding until dangerously near a
ite unfit for human consumption,
und very often to the detriment oi
flavor and nourishing properties.
We nre suffering in so many directions through the want of control on
behalf of all peoples. So many cruel
absurdities exist because we have got
used to them as they are. Take life
IS-Surance: As we have it now, it is a
.line proposition for numberless tbous-
inds and u wonderful paying proposition to gigantic monopolies; but bow
manifestly unfair In many ways. Who
tbe ttccopteds for insurance?
Those und only those who are sufficiently healthy, and wbo have an expectation of long enough life to pn*
the premium f.or profits to Interested
investors. Life assurance should bo
considered from quite a different angle and only stale action can do II,
whoreby every oue may bo assured.
What of the thousands registered owing to delicate health who ure unable
to muke provision for the inevitable'.'
Those »re matters, vital to a degree,
and it is up lu labor to i>ress those
reforms; naturally, we can not look
for such fiction by interested capital
lsts, The greatest good for all, and
that all humanity mny share thc good
tilings of tbe earth should be our
aim.
I.AM.LOHIHSM IN BRITAIN
4 T SOME TIME, probably not so far
II distant, the laud will be the property of ibe commonwealth of Britain,
Whon this comes about, there should,
logically, be no heart-aching or recriminatory cries of robbery, because tbe
owrf-frfa of lho land, large and small,
hnve fffl real rights thereto.
Philip Snowden, in his ".Economic
Case for .s'ot'lullsm," fully describes
iho filching nnd robbery of common
lands from the" peoplo during tbe
agos; aud ll Is only a row weeKB since
that the New Loader had reference to
tho fact, thai this Illegal' enclosing was
going on lo ibis moment.
Now, rend wjiat that eminent Brit"
THE   RECENT   KY-ELEC1 iON
TT will not come as a surprise to
those who have been following
the course of the political life of
this province to learn of the defeat
of the Hon. C. MacDonald, the newly   nppointed   provincial   treasurer
Politics in this province has been
nothing more or less than a game.
It has been played with equal vigor
by the henchmen of both parties.
Wc have seen enough of the tactics
of both, to warrant the lack of confidence, that wo honestly confess, we
bear towards thom.
The great muss of the people In
this province, as elsewhere ln the
world, are growing dissatisfied, and
restless under the burden which has
been, and ls being placed upon them
by mere politicians.
The need for labor to rise to the
occasion, and bring to the people's
rescue their sane constructive programme; and together with such a
programme, men who have a sincere,
and earnest desire, together with understanding and ability, to serve their
fellows. The present government is
failing; let us rise to the occasion.
jj LETTERS TOR
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expres-
sed ls accepted by the management.}
Wnr and Rs Remedy
Editor B. C. Federationist: That
"the league of nations has definitely
sidetracked the disarmament question
by sending it to a sub-committee for
an indefinite period," and that their
bulletin board makes note of eight
different outbreaks of hostilities during the past week, Is the encouraging
news from Geneva. As usual, most of
these are holy wars, fought with religious zeal and superstitlonal frenzy by
the various participants,
And why should they not have their
holy wars just like the Christian nations? These benighted nations have
also their war gods and their Infal-
lable books. The proflt system Is only
In part to blame for the continuation
of wars in so-called Christian nations.
The belief in an Infallible book, a
chosen people and an invincible war
god, is still the fundamental cause of
wars in European countries. When
theBe nations are in conflict, they invariably call upon the same God and
the same bible to Justify their atrocities. The bible is not infallible. It
was written by men; and human nature, even of the wisest and best, has
always been fallible. That part of the
scripture which upholds war ls not
onty not good, lt is ethically and morally bad. The book itself is not one
book, but a collection of many books.
The manuscripts which compose the
whole were written over a period of a
thousand years. These 'promiscuous
writings were gathered from various
sources. And some sixty compilers
of moderate education, living in a
very superstitious age, got together
and voted ns to what waB the word of
God, and what was not. Several of
the manuscripts were rejected, and
one might add that several others that
were not rejected ought to have been.
It Is a great mistake, .therefore, for
anyone to allow themselves to be
bound by the letter of the scripture.
Tbe example of Christ in this respect
is surely a good one to follow.
The great head of religion handled
the bible with perfect freedom. Whilst
ho had a good deal of reverence for a
certain part of the old testamont, Ho
deliberately laid aside what did not
Mng true to reason and common sense
and the spirt of truth within His soul.
Eor instance: "It is written an eyo for
n eye. a tooth for a tooth; but I sny
unto you, render good for evil, love
your enemies, etc. Ye hath heard
that It hath been snld thou shalt love
thy neighbor and hate thine onemy;
but I say unto you lovo your enemies,"
elc, etc.
So we might go on and enumerate
many eases whoro Christ deliberately
laid aside and superseded by something better the very Inw which He
himself had come to fulfill.
Now, it occurs to me that in no wnr
barthe returning good-for-evll principle been carried nut. TbC turning of
ibe other cheek nlso certainly was not
Illustrated In the last war. The results of this recent grent crime ngainst
Immunity nre still In evidence, Christ'
principles were not carried out, but old
testament methods were the order of
lhe day. It is claimed by the ortho
dox oueij that tin; blood of the mar
tyrs in past ages Wftft (lie seed of religion. In other words, Out' ideals live
through self-sacrifice. What about a
natural sacrifice? An ideal ii.t.itiii
who would refuse to fight—one that
would set a right example without
asking any questions ns to results.
Think you that such a sacrifice would
be in vain? If a nation lost ils life
thus, would It not gain it again?
Modern wars uro the menns resorted
lo to uphold a corrupt profit system.
Let the system go, It has bankrupted
the world. 11 haa slain its millions. It
has black-mailed civilization. Let it
go. Tho problem of peace is an International one. War must cease. Tlio
age or universal brotherhood Is at
hand,
L I,. DICKINSON,
North Vancouver, Sopt 25,  1924.
Mrs.  Itoso Henderson,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist!   In view
of tho fact that Mr.  Butteriloid  of
lhe Province is so anxious to uphold
the dignity of the labor party—as
against Mrs. Henderson's educational
policy and campaign—Is it not due
our party, as well as Mrs. Henderson,
to acquaint our members, and Mr.
Butterfield of Mrs. Henderson's splendid record of service in Canada.
When capitalists get into their ranks
one of Mrs. Henderson's kind their
press is full of flattery, but, I fear,
we don't make enough of our own
people's talents and what our movement has done in procuring reform.
We want the working women, as well
as others in our party—and, as reforms -cout with them, lt might be
well to state so In our press and from
the platform—to know what labor has
obtained In Canada. Miss Bondfleld,
a splendid woman, will be in Canada
soon. We hope she will do our movement a lot of good; and it will aid
considerably to let her go back realizing that we also have women in our
movement here, whom we are very
proud of and who have accomplished
against great odds, many things.
■Mrs. Henderson has been In social
service work injMontreal for 15 yearst
She was the power behind the amendment to the premier's bill ou opium,
which add also the clause ou tho
salt> of cocaine. Her terrible dls
closures of the traffic amongst young
girls and boys in Montreal stirred the
country from one end to the ether.
She it was who demonstrated, through
her ^wo years of voluntary service in
the courts of Montreal, tbe great need
for juvenile courts. When these courts
became the law of the land, she was
appointed probation officer —a post
she held in the Montreal juvenile court
for 10 years—her work having gained
for her the love of all, as one minister
said, making her name "a household
word." After ono year's work ln the
children's court, she recognized the
need for mothers' or widows' pensions
and, against great odds, with pen nnd
voice aroused tho public conscience to
the urgent need of legislation nlong
these lines. The president of the
Trades and Labor congress invited
her to speak befor the congress. This
she did, with sucli telling effect that
she was, within a few month', nfter,
when the house at Ottawa met, she
was asked to speak on tho subject,
with the result that it was-discussed
on the floor of the bouse by I. H. Burnham and other members; and became
a political issue from one end of the
country to the .other, thus forcing
ministers' and women's oiganizations
to take it up; but it was the Trados
and Lahor congress who, with bor aid
deservo the credit, and of making
widows' pensions law. To quote a
liberal member, they weyo responsible
for the most humane pieco of legislation ever put on the statute books. She
also obtained through her Instigation
and exposure of moving pictures, the
legislation cstablshlng boards of
censors, and u law forbidding children under a certain age entering i'lc-
ture shows without theu* parents or
guardians. She was a labor candidate
in Montreal in the last federal election and the Canadian delegates. The
Hague conference to "V/omans' International League for Peace and Freedom." No woman in Cannda has done
more for the protection of tho women
and children of Canada than Mrs.
Rose Henderson," said Tom Moore,
preaident of Trades and Labor congress.
"Mrs. Henderson stands out as the
one woman who has thrown herself
heart and soul Into the labor and pro
gresslve momement of Canada"—J. S.
Woodsworth, M, P.
"The rose of the labor movement.
—Tom Moore.
"I wish I could tell the comrades
at home what you have done for us.'
—Jnmes MacLaughlln, secretary W.
M. of America, Nova Scotia.
In view of their faith, which I have
gathered indirectly from tho lady
herself, I think It Is time that our
women, and men for that matter,
knew who they were being organized
and educated by. Few women In
Canada can boast of such a record,
and, as this record will count with
our women ln getting them into our
movement, I think, in view of the past,
that Mrs. Henderson is going to do
quite a lot of speaking; and will, no
doubt, meet with strong press opposition It would be well to give her public record of service a prominent
place and pull the teeth of the opposition—we need no Mr. Butterworth
to uphold the "dignity of the labor
party," while It Is being led by such
women us Mrs. Henderson. I have
been a strong liberal until hearing Mrs-
Henderson's view, and now all I have
will go to the labor movement. We
have been delighted with her in
Peaohland, Vernon nnd Summerland.
The churches are now wanting her to
speak for them.   Yours truly,
MEMBER F. L. P.
Summerland, B. C, Sept. 24, 1924.
Sidelights on a Great
Industry
I MENACE OF ■
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
SHUTDOWN OP MILLS WOULD
RELEASE ARMY OF LUMBER EMPLOYEES
Royalty Act Takes Wage Appro
priations Instead of the Worker
TT is no secret that the emigration
of skilled labor from this province
is causing the authorities serious concern.
The inability of a community to
maintain the equality and quantity of
its skilled labor supply Is a sure and
certain sign that its industrial forces
are in eeonmlc difficulties.
The forest industries of British Columbia, which give direct employment,
to a fourth of the male population of
this province, are making gallant
efforts to combat overtaxation and at
the same time keep intact the great
industrial army nominally dependent
upon them.
The further levy on the raw material of the British Columbia timber
industry which will automatically
take place at the beginning of next
year, will mean the shut down of the
mills and the release from employment of the largest body of workers
in the history of the province.
Workers themselves will realizo
that if the royalty act lays hands on
the money appropriated to their
wages, remedial measures become a
matter of great difficulty.
It Is not as if the timber industries
were not fulfilling thlr obligations to
the province. For many yeara the*
have continuously subscribed approximately one-third of the total revenue
of the province. British Columbia
stands where it does today by reason
of its lumber industry.
One might be tempted to prophesy
that in the event of the present royalty act remaining in force, considerably more than the extra taxation it
provides for will be spent in the aire-
viation of unemployment conditions.
This scries  of  articles  communicated   by  the  Timber  Industries
Council of British Columbia.
The Town of Trail
(Continued from page 1)
for future use, the doctor presiding
over the coroner's jury, it would appear to us, sees to it that the right
verdict is rendered. Then again there
Is a likelihood of the majority of the
jury being employees of the company,
so that the firm's case Is just as secure on this side of the "great divide"
as the deceased man in on the other
side. More than often the verdict is
accidental death with no one to
blame, and the Juryman that has the
temerity to attach any blame to the
company is taking considerable
chances.
When Lord Byng visited Trail, he
was taken for a visit around the
plant. The place was made spick ahd
span, so that what the men have to
encounter from day to day, was not
in evidence on that occasion. He
was Introduced to a number of world
war veterans, and as usual he told
them he was glad to see them alive.
If he had taken a surprise visit to
see them working at the plant, the
main surprise of his visit would be
that they were alive at all.
However the men have steady employment—that ls so long as it lasts.
They are also insured—if they last
long enough to pass the job over to
the undertaker. They are also secure from the wiles of the agitator
In the "benevolent society"—the general manager ■personally seeing to
that himself. So lt will readily be
seen that the pross reports about
Trail being tlie centre of security and
contentment  is largely correct.    But
, ^Myfif^
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Flannelettes
28-inch White Domestic, 25^ a yard.
29-inch White Domestic, 35^ a yard.
34-inoh White Domestic, 40^ a yard.
33-inch White Horrockses, 40^ a yard.
36-inch White Horrockses, 50$ a yard.
28-inch Colored Striped English Flannelette, 25tp
a yard.
31-inch Colored Striped English Flannelette, 351
a ySrd.
33-inch Qolorcd Striped Horrockses, —Hop a yard.
36-inch Colored Striped Horrockses, SOti a yard.
675 Granville Street             Phone Seymour 8540
the security, tike almost anything
else around that town, belongs to the
company, and, lf the employees would
work their brains as well as the company works them, they too might
get a share of the security.
Nance O'Nell at tlie Orpheum
Following Marjorle Rambeau, who
delighting Orpheum audiences
with hor sketch "Bracelets" this
week, comes another great artist,
headlined in the new show opening
next Thursday. It is Nance O'Nell,
superb emotional actress who brings
strong company to offer "All The
World's A Stage," a present-day
comedy by Alfred Sutro. Miss O'Nell
ls known as the Bernhardt of the
American stage; in this new vehicle
she looks like a tall white Illy. Her
features are highly classical and
when she speaks, it is as though a
great organ wer pouring forth melody. Her vaudeville playlet is dramatic in theme but satirical in treatment, with a denouement of striking
originality. The balance of the bill
fs exceptionally flne also. Mr. Ted
Claire brings his ocrhestra of ten
accomplished musicians in "Snappy
Bits" for music lovers. They are exponents or real "jazz." For good
comedy and a constantly rippling
laugh, "Senator" Murphy is the
guaranteed goods. His1 line of patter
contains a laugh per minute. Then
there are Bernard and Townes, providing a song a minute. Bernard
composed "Dardanella" and the new
song hit ".Tavanelhi;" Townes also Is
a lyric writer. Dancing is the forte
of Mulroy, McNeece and Ridge, who
offer "Whirls and Steps." Baby
Henderson, a diminutive child  won.
der, Ib a high-class entertainer also,
and Les Gladdens will offer a surprise act that will have everybody
talking. The usual picture attractions tand concert orchestral selections complete this splendid bill.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Phoae Seymonr 2364
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 301, DOMIKION BWLDDJO
VAUCOPVIB. B. 0.	
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to every test of
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TO show our appreciation ot past patronage, and to celebrate the formal
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in these extra special celebration values
in Coa{p, Dresses, SuitB, Skirts. Hosiery,
Corsets, Sweaters, etc. Seo also our wonderful new Millinery department on second
floor.
Famous %%%___
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To meet the deilre. of ns.ny ellenti,
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either pure met or lo.ernment rtfkult-
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•ny mture. Write or phone your order
today, Highland ta
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1661 Oomiurcl-l Drln, Vuconnr, B. 0.
Be Sure You Have
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B. 0. TELETHONS OOKFAHT.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 <_M_f_i Stmt
Sundiy eerrleei, 11 a.m. and 7|S0 p.m.
Sunday lohool Immediately following
morning lerrlee. Wedneaday teitlmonlal
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
BO1-803 Blrka Bldg.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms j
48 %  CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
purity
—the test of the chemist
—the test of the food expert
—the test of the connoisseur
BANKING SERVICE
•THE UNION BANK OP CANADA, with its chain
.a of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of thc banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad,
UP»L!*HK
Established 50 Yrairs
At the (jovt-rnmciit
Liquor Storo
VANCOUVER BREWERIES UMITED
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Hoard or by the Government of British Columbia
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction.    Prompt service.    Reasonable,
Cowan Brookhouse, Lid*
PRINTERS,* WftllSHERS, STERSoITYPERS'
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey; 7421 and Sey. M&Or
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER; B. C. FR_DAY September 2», 1924
sixteeoth ___. No... BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAttcomrBB. b.<s
PAGE THREE
Customers Are
Often Surprised
at the values we are giving
Men's Dress Boots, in tan willow
calf   and    black   glace   kid.
Special at  $6.50
Children's Knee Gum Boots, 5
to 10%, at ..$2.35
Men's Khaki three-quarter long
Flsh brand Oil Coats $(1.75
A new stock of Brill Caps for
men, just in.
Viking Underwear for men, at,
per suit  $6.50
Boys'   all-wool   Sweaters,   open
neck, with colored waistband.
Special, at  $2.95
Arte Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Betwesn 7th and 8th sTtnntl
Phone, Fairmont 14
ON CEMIZATIOpill (?) »«T«
(.Iwaiwr Electricity.
Electricity not only for lighting but
Tor   heating   and    cooking purposes
should  be   in   the   homes or ever;
working-class .family.    That   cannot
possibly be done until it is very much
cheaper, says Harry Gosling, British
labor M.P.    British    Columbia    has
I water-power   and   coal in abundance
not equalled in any' country ln the
■ world for generating electricity, and
1 this country is in a position to gram
i this boon  to   the   people.   But why
say more?
OITT OF VANCOUVER
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
ASPHALT OB  CONCRETE
PAVEMENTS
(a) Tender., will be received by the un*
I dentiffnod up to Tuesdny, Septombor 80, at 2
I p.m. for the paving of the following streots
f with asphalt or concrete:
Fir Street—Eleventh Avonue to Twelfth
Avenue,
Point Grey Rond—Dunbar to Alma.
Third Avenue—Macdonald to Trutcli.
Specification* and particulars may bo ob-
, talned at the office of the City Engineor, City
| Hall.
A deposit of an amount equal to Ten (10)
fper cent, of  the  contract  price by marked
cheque, payable to tho City Treasurer, must
accompany each tender.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
CEMENT CONCRETE  SIDEWALKS
(b) Tenders will be received by the undersigned up to Tuesday, September 30, at 2
p.m., for the construction of ^proximately
one and one-half miles of cement concrete
sidewalks.
■ Sppcitiruiinns and particulars may be obtained at the office of the City Engineer, City
Hall.
A deposit of on amount equal to Ten (10)
per cent, of the contract price, by marked
cheque, payable to tbe City Treasurer, must
accompany each tender.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
WILLIAM McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Vancourer, li. ('., September 24,
1 1924.
CITY OP VANOOUVER
IrpENDERS will be rocelved up to 12 o'clock
X noon Tuesday, September tho SOth, for
the supply of approximately 200 pairs Winter Boots for Police Department, sample to
accompany  tender.
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
NEW YORK FUR CO.
limited
Largest Exclusive FUU HOUSE! ln
the West
552-1 una 721 Georgia Street West
S-ymour  9276*9326
MOVING
Baggage, Pianos and  Furniture
I SANOSTER TRANSFER CO.
| Sey.  4288 324 ABBOTT ST.
m     Vancouver Unions
■ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
1 Meets second Monday in the month. Preildent, J, R. White; secretary, R. H, Neel-
ftndi, PJ O, Box flfl. 	
•FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
819 Pender St. Wost—Business meetings
■very   Wednesday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
phairman;   E, H. Morriion, tec-treat,; Oeo.
", Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
_. 0., corresponding secretary.
Any district In British Columbia desiring
Information re securing speakers or thia foi-
[nation of looal branohei, kindly communicate
Uth provlnolal   Secretary J,  Lyle Telford,
■24   Birks   Bldg.,   Vancouver,   B.   C.    Telr-
yione Seymour 1382, or Fairmont 4938.
PAKERY 8ALEHMEN,  LOCAL 871—Meets
second Thursday evory month in Holden
■gliding.   President, J. Brlghtwell; finanoial
Secretary, H, A, Bowron, 029—llth Avenue
International   brotherhood   op
I Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Holp-
ma ot America, Local 194—Meetings first
fnd third MondayB in each month ln Holden
Building. President, P. Willis; secretary, A.
Frasor.  Office hours, 9 to U am- mi 8 to 5
D.m.       ■   *   ...
PXYIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets first
And third Fridays in eaoh month, at 445
lti chords Street. President, David CuthlU,
1)852 Albort Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
plarrlsou, 1182 Parker Street.
Is It Progressive?—Liberties Secured After Centuries
of Struggle
ORIGIN OF THE CIVIC POLICE
IJNOINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
_  of   Stoam and   Operating,  Local   882-
•t.e-utfi every Wednesday at  8  p.m.,  Roo
B06 Holden Bldg.   President, Oharles Price;
Imsincss agent and flnnncial seoretary, F. L,
Blunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.	
|MUSICIAN8'       MUTUAL      PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meett in
fc.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Stroot,
pocond Sunday at 10 a.m.    Prosidont, Harry
I Pearson, 991 Nolson Street; secretary, E, A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nolson Street;
irgqiilzcr, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
Is Oovernment Worthy of Workers Granting Them More
Power?
[By H. Dalziel]
TV/E HAVE lately heard a great deal
about this or that civic or muni,
clpal utility or department beinp
handed over to the provincial authorities. The first to be mentioned
was the general hospital, and there
muy be .some good reasons why thut
should be handed over.
The provinee having already the
control of the compensation fund,
and the fact that many workers have
to come to this city when injured or
sick, nm lies it quite logical. Later
suggestions were made that education
should be put under the provincial authority.
This suggestion waa made at first,
by rural districts who find it hard to
maintain schools owing to the population being so scattered.
Quite recently the Native Sons, of
British Columbia passed a resolution
asking the province to take over the
control of the police In the city and
outside. This has since been endorsed by other public bodies*—and
it lb mostly to this I will refer. The
only reason given for the proposed
change that I have noticed is economy, and there has been no attempt
to show how any definite sum can be
saved.
It seems to me that, before important changes are made, nnd before!
powi-n- is taken" from a body like the
city couneil, which is in very close
touch with the people, that the matter should  be carefully considered.
The modern city and its various
powers Is an European product, and
It is unfortunate that the Native Sons
should assume a rather distant air to
anything coming from there.
Those who have delved into history, even very casually, can not help
recognizing the Importance of the
question. The civic liberties and privileges that we enjoy were only secured by our ancestors after centuries of struggle.
The first cities were trading posts.
In early times they relied for protection on the neighboring baron or
king who often robbed them. Later
kings or lords grunted them charters
and one of the clauses of those charters was the right to maintain armed
forces to protect themselves, whom
they paid.
This was the origin of our elvir
police, and can it be shown that the
need for them has passed? Many
noble men in the past have perished
on the gibbet or beneacn the axe of
the executioner in order that the
citizens could carry on without the
interference of outsiders. In the
cities the guilds, the original trade
unions, were founded by serfs who
had become free. Those activities
were only carried on because the
people, had power under their charter to maintain order wltjiin their
walls. It is an old axiom that he
that pays the piper should call the
tune.
The city council can not relinquish
its police department without losing
authority and prestigp. It will then
have no force to execute its bylaws,
and, having none, its right to exist
may soon be questioned. Paid by
the province the force may get entirely out of touch with the city, and
the police commission in the past
has been no better for being appointed.
We may have a department head
who will be as sympathetic as the
Hon. Mr. Patullo on the watershed
question.
Is tlie provincial government running things in a manner tlmt would
encourage workers to put further
power into their hands? As regards
economy', 1 will point out one opportunity- Arnund greater. Vancouver is
perhaps 50*# of the whole population
of the province. They have some ten
membera in tlio house at Victoria.
The balance of the people have nearly 40 members. Chop off the handicap of 25 members and save $50,000.
The workers' organizations hi. ■ the
lnmcv centres have a chance of putting in l'*nfr-wage Clausen into municipal wage scales and civic contracts
as was done re the golf course In
Soutli Vancouver the other- tiny.
Compare that with the treatment of
thp workers at the university
grounds a year ago when lhe provincial iiuihorities refused to pay
more ior laborers than 35c per
hour  relief wages ns thoy  admitted.
The Influence being brought t<
bear by "biff business" to have cer
tain   forms  of  unionism  declnrc-Tl   11
i'BDEKATKD SEAFARERS' UNION OF B,
0.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 3rd
'ridsy of eaoh month at headquarters, 818
.ordova Street WeBt. President, D, allies-
At; vine-president, John Johnson; secretary-
feasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
0VJ_ Street West. Branch agent's address:
leotg. Faulkner, 676 Johnion Btreet, Vie-
■orla. B. 0.	
.HE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meets at 091 NeMn Street, at 11
1t.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Snn-
lay'of the month. President, K. A. Jamie-
ion, 991 NelsoK St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wll-
iams. 991 Nelson St ; Business Agent, F.
Fletcher. 991 Nelson St. 
CYi'OGRAi'HtOAL UNION, No. 220—Presi-
dent, R. P. Pettipiece: vice-president. J.
Ijl, Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R, II. Nee*
lands, P. O. Box 6(1. Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 18
Hastings Street Enst.	
PRINCE  RUPERT  TYPOGRAPHICAL
[UNION, No. 418—President, 8. D. Macdonald, seoretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. O. Bos 689. Meets last Thursday of eaeh i
month.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
Lad Puts Up Strong Fight for His
Life—Verdiot of the
Coroner's Jury
[By John Pickenshovel]
.Recently at the plant of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. ln
Trail, a man met death in a most
distressing manner, One of the
blast furnaces showed signs, to use
a smelting term, of "freezing up.
By that Is meant that a crust of
material was accumulating on the
top of the mass in the furnace,
which was impeding the combustion, Tliis has, of course, to be
broken up to insure the more complete oxidation of the flame, or the
furnace as il. consequence has to be
closed down. The usual procedure
in that case ls to break the incrustation with bars. In this instance,
a plank was placed across the furnace and one of the employees was
compelled to use It in order to
have better access to the cause of
the trouble. The plank was appar
ently defective and brofke, hurling
the man  into  the  furnace.
The man on top immediately procured bars and other material tu
hand to him to enable him to be assisted to the surface. It required
three attempts to Anally bring him
to the top. During this period,
which, according: to one of those
who assisted in- getting him out,
must have been about live minutes,
the man's body was sinking lower
and lower into the burning mass.
The lower purt of his body was terribly burned whicli necessitated
his remove! to the hospital, where
he died soon after.
Now 'this man, in virtual youth,
aged 20, had come from Scotland
last spring. He stood ove/ six feet
in height,* and: was; Un fine physical
condition, and as splendid a type of
manhood as ever came from Scotland. Yet all that was of no avail
in the case of nn accident such as
just  described..
As is customary, a coroner's Jury
was called to investigate tlue circumstances leading to the death.
The coroner happens to be one of
the doctors who looks after the
casualties of the C. M. and S. com.
pany. He empanelletf. a jury, many
of whom! are' employees' at that
company, and they render a verdict
the effect that death was accidental, due to shock, resulting from
burns.
In the -course of the alleged In-
vestigatlbuv it was claimed that the
man had a weak heart,, and that if
his heart) had been, stronger;, he
would have recovered.. J.ust how
strong a man's heart would require
to be to* survive an Incident of. that
kind was not explained to the jury
by the coroner. According, boi one
who helped 'to get him out, no> one
ever put up a stronger flght for his
life than'this same1 unfortunate man
If the jury hnd rendered a verdict
that the man had died more ns the
result of a weak plank, ihi bHe- fitir--|
nace than as the hesult of a weak
heart, they woujd have been more
correct. They did, However,
commend that only good plank* be
used* tm the future; If planks were
made of other than: combustible
material, that niight Have been
pood recommendation.. There' was
nothing in the jury's verdict to condemn the company, which', has heen
in the smelting business for years,
and will not take precautions until
something does- actually happen'.
The reason- for tliat lies in the fact
that the majority of the- iUny are
employees of the- company; and' are
not  disposed  to  risk   their Jobs.
Thero are'signs posted up> throughout the plant as follows: "We' don't
want any accidetits." If the men
refuse to take chances on hazardous
tasks they know that that earn De
taken to mean "We don't want nny
jobs." Then if the- chances; are
tnken. and a fatality results, Che
men who- take chances; doft.iuii.ii.
them as ngainst the* company, also
know the consequences. Mem will
face pain and even denth with
cpurage) but when it^ comei! to facing the consequences of unemployment, they will defend'the'Jbb-at an
costs. When they lenrn to regard
life as move Valuable than property,
it may be different. But that means
organization!
1'ass The Fedorationist aJong to
your friend!!. Help It In its tight for
justice,
IDE HOP-PICKERS
People in the Street Driven Away
from the Soil Are Galled
Back to It Again
KENT, ENG., REQUIRES 80,000
Comes from Slums and Ghetto
and Over-run the Oountry Like
an Army of Ghouls
CO FAR has the divorcement of the
worker from the soil proceeded,
that the farming districts the civilized world over, are dependent upon
the cities for the gathering of the
harvests.
Then it Is, when the land Is spilling
its ripe wealth to waste, that the
street folk, who have been driven
away from the soil, are called back
to it again. But in England they return, not as prodigals, but as outcasts
still, as vagrants, and pariahs, to be
doubted and flouted by their country
brethren, to sleep In jails or casual
wards, or under the hedges, and to
live the Lord knows how.
It is estimated that Kent alone requires eighty thousand of the street
people to pick her hops. And oui
they come, obedient to the call, which
is the call of their bellies and of the
lingering dregs .of adventure-lust still
in them.
Slums' stews and ghettos pour
them forth, and the festering contents of slums, stews and ghetto are
undiminished. Yet they overrun the
country like an army of ghouls, and
the country does . not want them.
They are out of place. As they drag
their squat, misshapen bodios along
lie highways and fcyways, they resemble some vile spawn from underground. .
Their very presence, the fact of
their existence, is an outrage to the
fresh, bright sun, and the green and
growing things.
The clean, upstanding trees cry
shame upon them and their withered crookedness, and their rottenness
is a slimy desecration of the sweetness and purity of nature.
Is the picture overdrawn? It all
depends. For one who sees ana
thinks life in terms of shares and
coupons*, it is certainly overdrawn.
But for one who sees and thinks life
ln terms of manhood and womanhood, it cannot be overdrawn, Such
hordes; of beastly wretchedness and
inarticulate misery are no compensation: for a millionaire-, however, who
lives in a west end palace, rattles himself with the sensuous delights ot
London's golden theatres, hobnobs
with lordlings and princelings, and
is knighted by the king. Wins hts
spurs—God! foirbW-
In olden times the great blona
beasts rode in the battles, ran and
won their spurs by cleaving men from
pate' to chin.. And', after all, it is
finer to kill a strong man with a
clean-slicing blow of singing steel
than to> make at beast of him, and
his seed through the generations, by
the artful and spidery manipulation
of industry and politics.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.
Aaa trite.
TJiiem ployment Insurance.—Insurance' against unemployment, which is
compulsory for all laborers and employees with' tile' exception of State
employees; servants, ana agricultural
laborers, Is: now snid to be in. full
effect in Austria.. Forty-two per cent,
off ther principal is' contributed by tne
employer, _■_ per cent, by the employee', 12' per cent, by the federal
government, and 4 per cent, by the
municipality..
Cliile.
Railway Strike Averted.—In order
to avoid the threatened strike of certain   railway  employoes,   tn, aomTnts-
i Chil.
ndeo
CANADA, nnd U.'S. A..   K
I UnionMusiciansEnftoyed Exclusively i
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
legal     Is     i.U*ho.    disquieting   to   the
workers;
The cbmpany town Is a blot on
our pretentions to be a free people.
I snw a picture the other day thd)
might Have' been medieval, rt wns
taken on a holiday in ji company
town;. The* boys and- glrli. ail' gatly
along a private .sidewalk in a private street in a privately-owned
town' past the man*nger>s ,house
The best house ln> the plaqe ol
course. And the- manager sat oi
the veranda like a feudal baron o!
old', watching the children of their
Berfs disport themselves.
Perhaps thia. feeble attempt at
analysis is not amiss, and I think
we as workers should look very
closely into ait proposals towards
centralization. We nre much more
In contact with the civic bodies ay.
they are elected every year.
We had & good instance of thai
a few years ago, A certain school
trustee ran an employment agency
(in Vnncouver) for school teachers,
and it was alleged that a teacher
oould not get a position except by
paying 3 per cent, of the first year's
salary an a fee. Thnt individual
was pul out at the noxt election, but
il mi^ht hnve been quite different
if the  province  had  control.
1 considor that the" workers would
do well to oppose all misguided no
tlons of economy along those lines
unless a more democratic control o
them is assured.
WAR AND SCIENCE
WfAR is a great evil from a commercial point of view. In the flrst
place, it ytterly disorganizes commerce
while it lasts; it causes immense
waste of human life as well as ot
property, which reacts on commerce
afterwards; it generally involves even
in time of peace a. conscription, which
withdraws for a time all able-bodied
mon from their work; it always involves very h.eavy taxes, which are a
grievous burden on the labor of the
country;: it leads to all sorts of absurdities, sucb as a difference of
railway gauge in different countries,
and the artificial check of walls and
fortifications on the natural expansion
of cities. From the moral point of
view, war Is often a beneficent scourge.
If we compare the wars of modern
times to the wars of the past, the
characteristic which strikes us flrst
and most forcibly is the difference ln
their length and duration*. The time
spent by the Oreeks before the town
of Troy, the prolonged campaigns of
the Crusades; coming to later times,
the "Wars of the noses," the "Seven
Year's War" and: even the Peninsular
war, were measured! by years and not
hy months or weeks, as is the case in
most wars of modern times. The
Franco-Prussian, the Itusso-Turk, the
Japan-China wars were' all over and
decided in a space of time • which
would hardly have sufficed' for the
preliminary skirmishes of a war in the
middle ages.
Science will tell us tHat we owe this
relief from a continuous state of warfare to its Inventive power;, but the
question we should like' to* ask of
Science (or anybody who* will: answer
it) is this: "What have we gained by
the change?" We owe a great deal to
science. * It has obliterated distance,
facilitated locomotion,,, rendered a
hundred services to the spread of comfort and luxury, but ta it not'true that
the price has been "the' pound* of j
flesh?" The enormous armaments;, or
huge fleets which are maintained by
all so-called civilized nations at immense expense, which are maintained1
on a war basis for years together;, thfa
burden alone is, from an economic-
point of view, as bad as or worse-than
a prolonged war fought' out' ih the'
good old-fashioned style of "summer
campaigns and winter feostings." But
it is the nervous strain which Is the-
heaviest debt that humanity pays to
modern science. The war-cloud' hangs*
like a night-mare upon the life of nations, and communicates Itself In
strange feelings of terror to individual citizens. We feel tt less in our own-
country than do our fellow workers'lta
Burope, but we feel th'e strain- sufficiently to sympathize with our "Continental" neighbors. Is It not more terrible to live under the constant dread of
an impending shock which may destroy an empire it has taken centuries
to build, or ruin a prosperity it has*
taken decades of thrift and industry
to secure—more terrible this than to-
face the possibilities of even a prolonged combat in which there- was-
much to excite the imagination ana
much to satisfy the natural fighting
Instincts of humanity,.rn which ther*|
were chivalrous deeds to ne done' and
knightly honors to be gained under
the eye of some feudal chieftain, or o*.
some heroic king?
War is no longer the growth- of the
dominion of the Btrong; it-feu a: tata-|
clysm, a physical catastrophe, whifch
threatens strong nnd weak together,
and the nervous strain whiehpscient>.flc
warfare creates even in times' of
peace, ls the bitterest tax wliichi we-
have to pay for our-civltiaation..
Our advertisers make It possible for
is to spread the gospel' of Labor.
Hhow your appreciation by patronising them on every possible occasion,
Prices for The B. C. Foderationist
ordered in bundles: Fatty for $2, 100
for $3.50, 500 for $10. Mailed to any.
address.
Chilly Nights Will Extend
a Warm Welcome
FOR THESE ALL-WOOL
Brown Blankets
At *tp_ti.u(j each
Yes, all-wool and only $2.98 each. Just
another one of those lucky purchases
that comes as a result of "quantity"
buying at a tremendous saving in price.
Blankets that were made in England,
and which will give exceptional service
and satisfaction. For household, camp
or cottage use here is a seal opportunity to save money on your needs
through the coming fall and winter
months. J
PRICED AT
$2.98 Each
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Thier of Bagdad Return Dates
No picture production coming to
Vancouver In years has stirred tbe
city so deeply as Douglas Fairbanks'
"Thief of Bagdad" which played the
Orpheum theatre last Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. So successful
was the engagement, the manage.
ment re-arranged its routing across
Canada, and, to meet public demand
for further showings, haa arranged
for showings twice daily, next Mon
day, Tuesday and Wednesday. To
get true Arabian atmosphere, tlie
foyer of the theatre 1» decorated
with several thousand dollars worth
of costly Persian rags. A Mohammedan chanter figures In the big
prologue-, an Arabian musician greets
patrons at the doors. The ushers
are all garbed! as "Fatimas"—i
novelty supreme—real Oriental coffee
novelay supreme1—real Oriental coffee
brewed 'Arabian- style, with spices,
rosewater and all the solemn rites,
is served' during the fate [-missions.
The production Itself is superb. It
is a genuine  fantasy of the Arabian
Nights, filled with thrills and action
showing the athletic "Douglas."' at bis
supreme best. Vn the thief of Bagdad, he is n lovable rascal. Several
thousand people appear in the cast,
and a large fortune Is represented in
the lavish settings for tha various
scenes. "The Thief of Bagdad" will
not play again locally for more than
one year, and thiB will be the final
opportunity of the season' to witness
it.
No Change in Wage Schedule sanation In Nanalmo ■
With both operators and minerB
standing pat, the ultimata-outcome ln
the wage negotiation Is somewhat obscure. It is stated ln some quarters
that the men may apply for an arbitration commission as provided for by
the Lemleux act, with the-probability
of either Harry Neelands. M.. L. A.,
It. P. Pettipiece requested to assist.
The present schedule expires* at the
end of the present month.
FOR SALE
Lot'33 x12ft feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
APPLY BOX "C," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
has reconwMnileo" to tyie minister o.
communications the grunting of a
total wage increase of twelve million
pesos to* several classes of railway
worlt ers.
Denmark.
Public' Relief Figures,—Of the He,
fl6!l persons who received "old age
pensions^ during the fiscal year 1I.22
1923, 16,007 were under B» years of
age, while 73,062 were 06 years oi
age or over*
Greece.
Eight-Hour Day.—The WorkmatjrTB
exchange, representing twenty tiywle
unions, has protested to the central
authorities at Athens against any adjournment tn applying the eight-hour
day for working men. On the other
hand, the heads of industry hmvo protested to tho government against! the
applying of the eight-hour day, claiming that this measure will Injure industrial efforts in tho Athoos district.
Refugee Cottages,—A German company is said to have obtained a contract for the construction of 10,0(mj
cottages to house the rerugecs m thp
Salonlkl district.
Sweden.
Little Unemployment.—According
to the last, report of the unemployment commission, unemployment continues to decreaso In Sweden. Thore
were repotted 6,600 unemployed on
July 1, iil_!4. ns compared with 7,000
on June 1, and 10,300 on May 1, 1324.
The Fedorationist is out to holj
tho workers. Thero Is no nobloi
work. Join us in the fight. (Jo.
your  friends   to  subscribe.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in tha splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF   BKITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
i'3ad by many labor men and women who think as well as'work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL  STREET, NANAIMO, B. C.
Patronize  Federationist advertisers. J?AGE FOUR
sixteenth YEAR. no. 3» BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver,
ac
FRIDAY September 26, 1924
Vancouver Evening Schools
under direction of Board of School Trustees
Re-Open Monday, Oct. 6
60 COURSES—Six Months' Tuition
Fees $5.00 to $10.00
TIMELY TOPICS
HE    receipt of reparations    from* 'buys the  Capi]ano watershed  seems
Enrollment Daily, 5 to 6 p.m.    Syllabus Free
School Board Offices, Hamilton Street
Canadian Pacific Railway
Another Pressman Injured
A very serious accident occurred
Saturday last at the Province when
[W. P. Ainsbury of 2043 Trafalgar
■treet, a very popular member of
tlie; Vancouver Pressmen's union, had
ftin hand badly mangled between two
cylinders of the press. So badly
crushed wns the right hand that it
necessitated immediate amputation,
just above  the  wrist.       From  latest
reports oC his physician, lie is progressing very favorably and had It
not been for his indomitable nerve
there is no doubt that it might have
been  very much  more serious.
A person lately saw in Mount
Roynl Cemetery a tombstone with
"1 Would not live always" chiseled
upon it, beneath which some urchin
had pensiled ''Sour grapes."
-CARDS FOR-
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Weililtn*. Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs. Florists' Sundries   *
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Haatingt Street East        2—STORES—2 655 GranvUle Street
Sey. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1881
Germany is likely to prove detrimental to industry and employment;
labor members of parliament are
hoping that Britain will renounce
her share. After all, such payments
are always made by the working
classes.
*      *      *
The report of a body of experts
ilnds that unemployment is perfect,
ly normal under en pi tal ism, and that
in Britain alone 500,000 is quite a
reasonable number to be unemployed. The present day figure is nearer a million and a half and the labor
government is unable to cope with
the   problem . . . under   capitalism,
• *      •
Talking of unemployment, we cannot help being surprised at the selfish attitude of the C. P. R. employees who decided, when a vote was
cast, in favor of full time for some
and the discharge of others instead
of their all accepting part-time. If
employment ls really so hard to obtain, we do not admire this example
of working-class loyalty.
• *      *
In British Columbia as elsewhere,
human life is about the cheapest
commodity. The lives of flsh and
game are carefully guarded by a
series of laws. . . not because we
love fishes and game, but to protect
the big businesses interested therein. There are no laws, however,
ag-ainst the inhuman cruelty of turning men into the streets when they
have produced enough to flood the
markets.
• *      *
A man who recently "gaffed" fl
fish was fined $25 and given a lecture on the cruelty of murdering
flsh. . . . whereas the poor chap
only thought of a bit of fun and
possibly saving his wife's housekeeping money. Very wrong and all
that. But on the same day a man
who endangered the lives of hundreds by reckless driving was fined
considerably less. The logic of the
law is be.Vf nd average brains.
_      •      •
Otij- old friend, Or. Price, lias been
busy in Winnipeg, and unfortunately for him be has raised the enmity
of his fellow sky-pilots. . . rightly
or wrongly, who can say, for it may
be all a matter of professional jealousy. Judging by lhe crowds who
listened to him In Vancouver, wc
would say he compares very favorably with Lloyd George in knowing
just what the public want.
* *     *
Tho    Rev.    Andrew   Roddan  zealously gives us some figures which go
to  prove  tlie amount  of    good    Dr.
Price   did   in   Vancouver.     "Out   of
about   350   who   went     for     healli
250 were definitely worse, seven wo
Insane   nfter   the   meeting;    30   died
within a few months after tho iiuul
ing nnd  only five were definite cures
and   these  of  functional   disorders."
* *      *
' Of course, no doubt, some of
these would have gone insane or
died without Dr. Price's help in any
caso. ,( . and besides we wouldn't
like to think that the reverend gentleman wouid have such sins ro.
corded in^hls uccouut in the book of
life. . . especially nfter lie's done
such an enormous amount of boasting.
.* • •
Speaking of ministers of the gospel, the writer had the pleasure of
"listening in" to the Rev. A. B.
Cooke, of the First Congregational
church. Vancouver, last Sunday, and
to hear ho had accepted a "call"
to leave the city. While not always
agreeing with the reverend gentle
mnn, yet I am sure Vancouver will
miss him. As a fearless speaker, he
was wont to express himself ofttimes
much to tlie discomfort of some of the
citizens of this city.
* •      •
For twelve years he has been doing that which he considered right
and was never afraid to express his
convictions. He will lie sadly miss
ed, and will leave an imprint thut
Will nol be effneed for some time to
come.
* *      *
We are glad to see .innounced
in our dnily press lhat the soviet*
can have Wrangel! islnnd. There
has been so much wrangling ov_r it
stirs the soul of even the most ma.
terlalistlc  of    nations    to    its    very
depths.
The   lot   of  the   industrial   worker
was if anything more uncertain and
subject to greater suffering. Up to
almost funny, it reminds oin of a 1905 there were few organizations,
man  changing his  money from   one _ but between 1906 and 1907 the unions
grew apace  in  numbers  and   Intel!!-
dreamer.      A music when  rendered which    the    people  here were tor-
FOR SALE
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Kitsilano.
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
APPLY BOX "D," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
FOR SALE
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
APPLY BOX "A," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
pocket to another and paying -ome
one to count it. JUirely tht) needs
of almost half the British Columbia
population who are using tbe area,
should be a good and suilicien- tit.16
Jo stand off the apparent avarice
of the balance. The money is needed for other .'projects irnuch more
pressing.
* •      *
British   fascisti   ollicers  are   raided
by unknowns! Apparently some of
our capitalist friends are beginning
to lose faith in thoir "Inw and order."
(So long as they oan control this
"Inw and order" to suit their own
ends, all is well, but when it comes
to making it apply tu all members of
society alike, they decide on some
other means. We sincerely hope that
our fascisti friends will stny in Italy.
We have troubles enough of our own.
* *     *
Some say that the election flght
in North Okanagan appears to be an
even one. As between two reactionary parties it may be, but so far as
the interests of "high finance" or
big business" as against the "common weal" is concerned, It is quite
one-sided. No matter which party
wins big business is safe. The Interests of the people is of a minor
consideration in this, as in other elections.
* *      *
My lawyer has deserted me."
stated John Forsyth to Judge Cayley
the other day. We are of the opin
ion that. John way lucky. His ohance
of getting justico oould hardly bo
less likely, and he would save the
legal'' fee, and that's no small it'
* *     •
Vancouver school board is about to
appoint a truancy oflloer. That certainly does not speak very well, either
for our educational system or oiir
teachers. Why should children hate
school? Why should they feel that
their teachers are their enemies, ii
many cases? There is something
wrong somewhere,
•      *     •
It Is a t.u cry from Vancouver to
Derbyshire, England, but we are
pleased lo note that The Federation-
i.st is fortunate! enough to find its
way into the editorial sanctum of tne
Ilkeston Pioneer, from which office
every now and ' again we receive
oditorial mention. The Pioneer was
established in 1853—quite1" a longtime for a local newspnper even in
tho old land. Its editorial columns
always A'oith while, and the
"Jottings by Rambler" are a feature
of its wook|y edition. I have pleasant recollections of meoting "Rambler" some months ngo, although he
doos not know it.
Some thirty-five yenrs ago, I met
the late Mr. Truotnaii, tho publisher
on many occasions, and still have
fond memories of one of the
finest newspaper men in the midland
counties. A few years before his
death lie compiled a history of the
district which is classed as the finest
work   of its  kind  ever  published,
* a     *
While the Federationist cannot go
back in the dim past as far as our
esteemed contemporary, yet it is
trying to do for the laboring classes
in the way of education whnt the
Pioneer has done in Ilkeston for so
many years.
gent activities, Its membership num
bering 246,000.
Immediately the government start
ed its policy of suppression, leaders
were arrested and without trial sent
to Siberia. Between the 1st of June,
1907 to April 1908 the police dissolved 81 organizations, suppressed
27 papers, arrested and deported
leaders, members and secretaries
wholesale, capitalists resorted to the
lockout and it became illegal to organize, issue papers or leaflets;
trade union funds were confiscated,
meetings prohibited and trade unions
decreed illegal. Political crimes
were dealt with by the* political police (which numbered some 700,000)
their crimes being declared beyond
the "competence of a jury", a special
committee of these police was established whose mission lt was to deport without trial to Siberia thousands of political prisoners. At the
beginning of the 20th century the
political prisoners were tried by
court martial, and thc death penalty
wns Inflicted nnd executions became
almost a daily occurrence. In 190G
it Is estimated that 26,000 were killed
by the police and 31,000 done to
death. In 1908 there was a cessation
of the death penalty, 1340 only being condemned to denth, but In 1909,
181,000,,were sent to Siberia, a place
of living death. A political inquisition took the place of court, judgo
and jury, and this body held power
of life and death over the suspects
and imposed the most terrible tor,
tures for the slightest political offences—so that in the eyes of the people the blue coat symbolised terrior-
ism, injustice and degeneracy. What
wonder that under these conditions
the Russian people grnspod at any
and all measures to overthrow this
regimo of violence, oppression and
horror. And this short resume doos
not tell half the story.
In Gorke's memoirs recently published, he gives two pictures of the
old and tho new Russin: "I nm sitting beside the wall of a small brick
building that Ictyts like a toy house
covered with an iron roof. From a
distance one might; mistake it for ji
chapel roof, but a closer inspection
shows it to Up more like a dog
kennel. Bohind tho iron studded
door is preserved a collection of
chains, whips, knouts and many
other   Instruments   of  torturo     with
tured. They have been left here as
a momento for the town, a warning to those -who rebel."
In the nert picture, after the revolution, new Russia speaks in no uncertain  terms.
"I've spent my life in the stables
among the manure und horses while
they play in beautiful flats and He
on soft couches playing with lap-
dogs. No more of that I say for
me. It's my turn now to play with
lap-dogs if I choose—as for them,
well, they can go and work in the
stables."
It Is the first time In the world's
history that the people of any na.
tion have been able to achieve their
economic freedom. Tho flrst time
when the people of any nation owned and controlled the land, the machinery, ' the transportation, education and the framing and administration of their laws, what use they
are making of these advantages
and what the controlling ideals, I
shall give an outline of from personal observation ln the articles to
follow.
Next week: "The Significance of
the Soviet Rule."
Case of Scarlett
(Continued from page 1)
inion of Canada against the deport
ation of Sam Scarlett to Scotland
and also go on record to use every
legal means in our power to call the
attention of the citizens of Canada
and the other British nations to the
abuse and contradiction which this
Inw presents to the fundamentals of
ordinary justice and fuir dealing; and
thnt we cfrculnrhse all the unions of
Canada, England, Scotland and Ire
land against the use of secret sessions, with verdicts arrived at before
trial, and  refusal of the fundament-
For Wet Weather
Raintcst Clothing, Rose City,
at  $6.75
Bone Dry Clothing. $6.00
Bone Dry Rubbers, vulcanized, at $6.76
All-wool   Mackinaw    Coats
(in fancy cheeks) $7.60
Carss' Mackinaw Coats  (in
checks, at $10.00
Carss' Mackinaw Coats, very
heavy, at $16.50
Heavy Tweed Pants $6.00
Carss   Pants,   heavy   grey
tweed, at $6.50
Oxford Pants, 100 per cent,
wool, at $7.00
Rubbers of all land-—the
best—and Oil Olothing,
W.B.Brummitt
18-20 Oordova St. West
al rights of trial and appeal to the
courts and juries of the Dominion of
Canada.
[Sam Scarlett, who was to be deported, has succeeded in his appeal
to the government, and is now free.
—Ed.]
If you have an Idea that you think
will benefit Labor, let us have -It.
We'll spread lt.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Old Russia-The Causes
of the Revolution
(Continued from Page 1)
that we had some fears as to
whether some of our militaristic
friends could not flnd an excuse to
go ti> war again. It would bo about
as pood an excuse as they Cou'.il gel.
In most cases they have hv.d very
little better,
ten
The National guards ate helng
used, according to a news report
from Honolulu, in opposing the Filipino sugar plantation strikers. Thn
same old game. Calling out the mil
it in to protect property rights.
Human rights are never protected, it
would seem, unless you have the
necessary "where-with-all" t'.i pay
for suoh protection. Cheer up, you
Filipinos, you arc not alone In your
Ill-treatment We have lots of suoh
games being played riglit hero in
Canada.
*     #     *
John 'V Davis, democrat to pres-
identnl nominee, opened hi.t cam.
palgn In Indiana with an address in
which he laid particular omnhnBls
on labor issues. Now thy arc stnrl-
Ing. Juat watch them. The*' care
as muoh nbout the real labor iss.'es
as ;i Jaclt-habh.it; No doubt, th.inlands of tho Amorican worker wil'
fall for such twaddle, and vote and
worlt for Pa via and his kind. When
will thoy learn thai Iho big lm«r-
cptfi aire nol going to have mon who
nre opposed to their Interests represent thorn, They know how to look
jii'tor themqolves, When will labor
lenrn to do the same thing aj ili'-v
are doing, that Is, L.nono into oi their
own to represont iliem?
Why Pay $550.00
or more, for yfmr now iitnAol Hnve
ymi conaidored wlmi proportion »f
lIns aiiKiunl i;<ii's for "reputation,"
hin advertising campaigns nnd high
rants, otc.
THE BEETHOVEN
PIANO
it built to a Ktnndnrd of quality hy
the Wllllnms Piano Co. of Osljawn,
nud iH fully giinrantood by tlioin. Be-
causa of his largo nnd ever-increasing
overturn, together with his conservative overhead expenses, Lewis sells
these choice instruments todny at
$365.00
On Easy Terms      Without Interest.
Free Stool  Free Tuning, Free
' Delivery
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Cant
LEWIS PIANO HOUSE
LTD.
1014 GUANVH-LE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &   &
iLVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work " you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires going with plenty of good
fuel~food~BREAD.
BREAD IS YOUR BEST FOOD
EAT MORE OF IT
i HAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a howl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo.
Tho p,
ikiiI  that   Va
mver city
of comfort suoh as in considered necessities i'or the poorest in other lands.
The position of the young1 peasant
girl was deplorable, those wo Kit tng
on the great estates in the beet root
and tobacco fields were sold like
cattle, not alone for their labor
power hut for the satisfaction of the
nobles and patriarchs of the villages.
Thousands of these country girls
made their way into the towns and
cities.
1 n St Petersburg!! and Moscow
where registers were kept, 65 per cent,
of the prostitutes were recruited from
th peasant girls.
In April, 1II10, the council of the
"house of charities" met in St.
Petersburg, the report of this council
laid bare the terrible facts of child
Immorality, The roport speaks of
children of eight and nine soliciting
on the streets openly nnd of groups
of girls from ten to twelve living
around hotels which catered to "new
comers" nnd made a "specialty" of
this terrific traffic. The report fin.
tailed b.v saying "the flrst cause
hunger and the wretchedness of
home life" and secondly "the ruin of
the productive forces of the population." A result of the .profound
contradictions of the social life of the
people. TUe peasant boys were driven on to the highways and by-ways
and became tramps, thieves and
wastrels and constituted a grave
social menace, most of whom could
neither read nor write. Although
Russia had an enormous acreage
of fertile land, the peasants suffered
from land hunger. No attempt wu-
made to relieve them from drudgery.
Tlu> land yielded less wheat than ftny
other. There was no attempt to introduce modern machinery or fertilizers, the harder tlio peasant and his
family worked, the less ho had I'or
himself und the more was tnken i
taxation, "Tbelr life was not lifo
but the slow starvation and brutnl-
fsallon (.f creatures of necessity."
is It any wonder Ihnl they looked not
rol- happiness in this life,, but In a
world to come—nnd MiM. their music
and drani.-i symbolise not only rovolt against their materitil conditions, but a, pathos, a resignation and
dignity burn    of    the    mystic    and
DR. W. F. E. DURRANT
CHIROPRACTOR
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troubles.
SIXTH FLOOR (615)
DOMINION BANK BUILDING
207 HASTINGS ST. W.
Phono, Seymour 1966
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
** McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
34G Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS  AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Tbii adf ortUouent if not published or displayed by tbt Liquor Control Board or
by tbo Oof ernment oi British Colombia
Acquaint Your Fellow Workers
with Clean Labor Journalism
HAVE you friends to whom you would like The B. 0. Federationist sent for a month, in order
that they may become acquainted with this upright, constructive weekly Labor paper?
If you have, send us their names and addresses, accompanied by Twenty cents for each monthly
trial subscription.   Those whose names you send  will be notified of your courtesy.   You may use
the coupon below, or write us,
Your Own Name :	
Street Address City and Province	
Amount enclosed $	
Please Send The B. 0. Federationist for One Month to:
NAME STREET ADDRESS CITY. AND PROVINCE
TKtAL BUNDLE ORDERS—Twenty-live or more copies, 2'/2 cents per copy.

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