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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 30, 1920

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOPiPOUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
TWELFTH YEAR.    No; 5
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MOVING, JANUARY 80, 1920
$2.00 PER YEAR
* LIST OF
£
I. W. W. TRIAL STARTS
AT   MONTESANO
Attend a Labor Conven-
■ tion and You Are a
Red
Those Who Took Part in
the Great Con-  .
spiracy
IN THB COURT OP KING'S
BENCH
THB KINO
Against
WILLIAM   IVENS,   RICHARD   3.
JOHNS,   ROBERT   B.   RUSSELL,
WILLIAM,A. PRITCHARD, JOHN
QUEEN, A. A. HEAPS, QEORGE
ARMSTRONG  and   R.   _.   BRAY.
PARTICULARS
In reply to the demand for particulars herein dated January 17th,
1920, the Crown does not admit
that the present defendants are entitled to particulars in view of the
cose presented and the evidence
adduced in the trial of Robert B.
Russell, one of the defendants
named ln this indictment and in
view further of the late stage ot
the proceedings and the late date
. of the demand.
(1) What was the seditious Intention?
Answer:—The seditious Intention Is the intention set out in each
of the flrst six counts of the indictment and overt acts thereof are set
out in counts 2 to S inclusive and
have been given ln evidence at tho
trial of the said Robort B. Russell.
(2) Whose was the seditious Intention?
Answer:—The seditious Intention in each count is that of the
accused and others, Including C.
Stephenson, J. Kavanagh, V. R.
Mldgley, A. S. Wells, P. McDon-
ntel, W. H. Cottrell, A. Hill, W.
Bennett and A. McKenzle of the
city of Vancouver, J. Taylor of Victoria, Joseph Naylor of Cumberland, and Tom Mace of Princo
George or Vancouver, all of the
province of British Columbia; J. R.
Knight, Mrs, J. R. Knight, J. F.
Magulre, C. E. Berg and Marie
Mellard, of the city of Edmonton,
J. O'SuHlv an of Drumheller, Wm.
Rolling and Max Stelgler of Brule
Minos, R. J. Tallon, W. McQuold,
James Marshall, P. M. Christophers, Ed. Browne, Mrs. George
Corse, R. Emery, A. G. Broateh
and W. R. Lcwln, all of Calgary,
Tom Beattle ot Coleman and Car-
bondale, Victor Ray, Peace River,
Donald McNab, Lethbridge, all of
the province of Alb.erta; Sam Blu-
menberg, James Winning, E. Robinson, P. J. Dixon, J. S. Woods-
worth, W. H. Lovett, W. Breeze. A.
Scoble, George Anderson, II. Shaw,
H. G. VeHch, T. Flye, W. Miller,—
Greer, L. Pickup, W. Allen, W. H.
C. Logan, Durward, Clancy, C. W.
Foster, Tanner, C. Andrews, Mrs.
George Armstrong, G. Barlow, H.
Robertson, Waltor Henderson,
Charles Dickie, H. Davis and other
members of the Central and General Strike Committeos, nnd tho
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council, of Winnipeg, A. Balod, Let-
tonlo, P. J. Baker and Thomas
Hanwell of Brandon, H. H. Roberts, St. Vital, all Qt the province
of Manitoba; Tom S. Cassldy, North
Bay, D. Thompson, St. Catherines,
B. Pattrlttl, Port William, J. McKay and G.  Cascadden, Windsor,
D. McNaughton, Ottawa, R. Hel-
Unger, Ottawa, A. Skldmore, Stratford, J. Rew, Toronto, W. D. Hcp-
, burn and A. P. Manchee, Port Arthur, all of the province of Ontario; J. Sambrook, R. Hazelton, P.
A. Johnson, D. McDonald, Reglna,
H. G. Balllie and 'James McMurtry,
Saskatoon, P. Cropper, Mooso Jaw,
all of the province of Saskatchewan; E. J. Long, Rose Henderson,
J. D. Houston and C. E. Marcelin,
Montreal, ln the province of Que-
boc; R. A. Fillmore of Burton, S.
B. White, M. Goudle and F. W.
Thompson of St. John, all of tho
province of New Brunswick; E,
Staples, late of Vancouver, now or
recently of Auckland, New Zea
land, Ben Legere, now or recently
of Palrhope, Alabama, and other
mombers of the Socialist Party of
Canada and other delegates to tho
oonvention of the British Columbia
Foderation of Labor hold In Calgary, Alberta, In March, 1919, nnd
other delegates to the United Mlno
Workers of America, District No.
(Continued on pago 8)
Streets Are Swarming Wltb Anted Deputy  Sheriffs and
Legionaries
Montesano, Wash. — With the
streets swarming with armed deputy sheriffs, hundreds of members of the American Legion
walking back and forth ln their
uniforms, and an air of tense-
ness prevadlng the situation, the
trials of the 11 alleged members
of the I.W.W., charged with the
killing of Lieut. Warren Grimm
ot the Centralla legion post on
November 11 last, began Monday.
Attorney -George P. Vanderveer,
ohief counsel for the defense,
says:
"That the legionaries attacked
the I.W.W. Hall will not even
be disputed beforo we finish this
trial. Even from the prosecution's
own witnesses we will prove the
attack was made before a shot
<waa flred."
FEDERATIONIST PSEUDO PATRIOTS
HAS GOOD
EVOLUTION AND
T
MONSTER PROTESTS
MADE IN GERMANY
Independent Socialists Three-year
. Sentence Causes a Big
Demon sua Hon
Halle, Germany — A monster
protest has boen made by the people here against an extreme sentence given to Klllan, prominent
Independent Socialist. The Noske
government sentenced him to 3
years' imprisonment for "egotistical attempts to usurp the city
government."
The day after the sentence was
declared, every Industry in Halle
was stopped dead by a general
strike. Thirty thousand people
paraded the streets, carrying red
flags, and marched to the Jail
Where the "egotistical" was confined, not at all abashed by a
heavy guard of machine guns
that had  been placed there.
Speeches were made ln the
public square denouncing the government that gave such a sentence "to a faithful leader of the
proletariat, while Lieut. Marloh,
who had shot down SO sailors
merely because they were Independent Socialists, had been tried
and allowed to go scot free."
In Berlin, the Independent Socialists staged 67 meetings In protest at tba Mai'loh outrage,
Property Class Concepts
of Evolution Determined by Interests
Jack Kavanagh .the speaker at
the Socialist Party of Canada's
meeting at the Empress theatre
last Sunday, dealt with evolution and revolution. The capitalist class viewed all past revolutions from feudalism to the present capitalistic system, and the
revolution of the American colonists against George 3rd of England. In fact all past revolutions
were viewed by them from their
position now, as evolution quite
natural and necessary, as they
were the ones to profit by them.
But any change now meant a
change in their economic status.
They immediately shouted revolution. It showed the property class
conception of evolution and revolution linked up with their material Itnerests, and that their
eternal rights of property caused
them to have -n biased view-point
and lt barred them from a scientific view of hlstSrical changes.
Comrade Kavanagh pointed to
the local earth shakes last week.
The daily papers pointed out that
it was the natural settling of the
earth's crust and the powers that
be could not pass any law to offset it, as it was a force too
powerful for them. He pointed
out that force was behind all
changes. It was by that medium
the ruling class of any epoch made
secure, their position, and also
maintained them there, and the
imperialist of today made that
plain to us, for In some of the
newly acquired territories tt took
on some brutal forms In some
countries. The skypilot blazed
the trail for capitalism with the
bible in onc hand and club in
the other, but It usually ended
In making the native of that
country see the morals of capitalism through the club.
He further pointed out to the
toilers that any change they desired to make in thc social structure, moral force might suffice,
which the major part of the
workers wanted as peaceful as
possible. But the ruling class or
the action thoy took In relation to
the five Socialists that were elected to the House in AVashlng-
ton, showed thc tollers they had
a wide awakening coming.
In conclusion he explained that
the social forces, like natural
forces, did not say when, but
moved anything that stood in
their way like a treo in tho way
of a mountain avalanche, so with
thoso who stand in the way of
ripening social conditions, they
will be pushod to one sido or
drawn into the human avalanche.
LT.
AT I rat
Federated Labor Party to
Have New Quarters
in Near Future
On Sunday evening next Comrade
E. T. Kingsley wilt be the speaker at the Federated Labor Parly
propaganda meeting In the Royal.
Theatre. It is almost three montha
since "the old man" has addressed
a Vancouver audience. He is sure
to have some interesting facts h
present. His subject is "The Ruling
Class Debacle." Comrade J. Gibson
will take the chair. Meeting begins at 8 p.m.  Doors open at 7:30.
Tlie committee which has beon
endeavoring to flnd new quarters
for the party in Vancouver has at
last been successful, and the next
few weeks will see the F. L. P. duly
installed In Its new premises. It is
the intention to make the new
rooms a home for all the different
organizations afflliated with the F.
L. P., the Labor School, Junior Labor League, Debating Club, Women's Committee, and to have a
reading room and library fitted up.
The discussion at the Labor
School next Sunday afternoon will
centre round the topic, "Why There
Are Poor People." The school
meets In. O'Brien Hall at 2:30 p.m.
The Junior Labor League will
hold Us educational meeting next
Friday at 7:30 p.m. In the club
rooms, 52 Dufferln Street West. The
programme for the evening Includes a debate on the subject
"Resolved, That Allied Intervention
tn Russia Did More Good Tlmn
Harm." Any person between the
ages of 14 and 20 Is welcomed at
these mootings.
Winnipeg Defense Committee Pledges Support
in Libel Suit
Committee Is Composed of
Many Working Class
Organizations
Winnipeg, Man., Jan. 29.—The
following resolution was unanimously passed at -a special meeting of the Winnipeg Defense Committee laat night:
Resolved, "Whereas the B. C.
Federatlonist has, through Its activities on behalf of the defense
of the men now arrested through
the Winnipeg General Strike, become involved in a libel action,
due to Its vigorous repudiation of
the mallcous statements that the
monies collected 'lor the defense
fund were being used for other
purposes.
"We, the Winnipeg. Defense
Committee, hereby resolve that all
costs arising from above action
be defrayed from the funds of
the general defense committee.
"And that we take this opportunity of expressing our approval
of the stand taken by the British
Columbia Federatlonist regarding
the subject matter from which
above action arose, and tako this
opportunity of placing on record
our appreciation of the efforts of
this paper to. assist in the mat-
tor of defending our brothers who
are now facing trial.*"
Winnipeg Defense Committee Is
composed of representatives of:
Trades and Labor Council, International; Central Labor Council of
the O. B. U., Winnipeg Labor
Church; Women's Labor League;
Socialist Party of Canada, Street
Railway Employees; Dominion
Labor Party, and the Ex-Soldiers
and Sailors Labor Party.
Another International Fizzle
In an attempt to reorganize the
Saskatoon branch of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen, International Organizer Hewitt, after
widely advertising a meeting only
succeeded in getting an audience
of nine, four of whom were O.
B. U. men. Not being able to obtain a chairman from among the
standpatters, an O. B. U. man was
placed in the chair. Naturally the
meeting was a complete fizzle and
no union was organized.
Pass The Fedorationist along and
help get new subscribers,
5,000 Miners Refuse to
Sign U.M. W.A. Checkoff System
The recent order issued by W.
H. Armstrong, the Dominion controller of coal mines, has created
a peculiar sensation In the steam
coal mines west of Edmonton.
The order was that only members of tho United Mine Workers of" America should ber employed, that tho dues of the men
tc the U.M.W.A. should be collected by the operators and forwarded to the International headquarters in Indianapolis, and that the
miners wages shoull be increased
14 per cent. The Bulletin Is informed on what it believes to be
good authority that the situation
in the stoam coal mines, is that
except at tho Mountain Park
mine the only notice taken of
Controller Armstrong's order Is to
increase thc miners wages 14 per
cent. Compulsory membership in
the U.M.W.A. is practically a 'dead
letter. In tho Mountain Park
mine the attempt was made to
live up to the conditions impos
ed by Mr. Armstrong*with the
rosult that the miners wore lock
ed out and thero Is no output
from the mine. A like insistence
by the operators of other mines
would no doubt havo produced
like results. — Edmonton Drfily
Bulletin.
The operators have ignored this
order, being compelled to, rather
than lock out their men in midwinter and shut down the mines.
There are more than 5,000 miners in Alberta who refused to
sign the U.M.W. check-off and
these men have practically all
boen given the Increase without
being asked to sign the check-off,
The operators do not care to assume the responsibility of enforcing the order.—Calgary Herald.
ARE DANGEROUS
U. S. Judge Flays Those
Preaching Murder and
Anarchy
Judge Anderson, of the United
States District Ciurt, in a speech
recently, had the following to
sa>:
"There are Reds, probably dangerous Reds," said Judge Anderson. "But they are not half an
dangerons as the prating psuedo-
patriots who,' under the guise of
Americanism, are preaching murder and shooting at sunrise, and
to whom our church parlors and
other publio forums have hitherto
been open
"Many, perhaps most, of the
agitators for the suppression of
the so-called Red menace are, I
observe, the same individuals or
class of. forces that In 1917 and
1918 were frightening the community to death about pro-German plots. As United States district attorney, I was charged with
a large responsibility as to protecting the community from pro-
German plots. I assert as my best
judgment that more than 99 per
cent, of uthe pro-German plots
never existed."
His remarks will apply just as
aptly in Canada as they did In
the Unitod States. Canadian
"statesmen"  please note.
Ask your grocer if his clerks are
in the union!
Will Start a Branch at
v   loco in the Near
Future
/The meeting of the Women's
Auxiliary, held on the 23rd Inst,
was exceedingly interesting, and It
looks as If the members are now
getting down to business. Three
hew members joined up, and arrangements were made to' have a
committee visit loco on the 80th
Inst., and attend the social being
given over there by the OU Work-
ers Unit of the O. B. U. It is
the, Intention of this committee to
try and start; a Women's Auxlli
ary at loco, and also other places
where units of the O. B. U. have
been formed.
■ Comrade Wells addressed the
meeting, and pointed out the need
of'the workers having a paper of
their own, and the necessity of
supporting the Labor press. He
stated tf the workers would use
their purchasing power, this could
big done, and recommended that
all members of the Auxiliary
should make their purchases from
firms who patronized The Federationist with their advertisements,
vThe next meeting of the Auxiliary will be held on Feb. 6, at 8
p.m., at Labor Temple, when final
arrangements for the dance which
Is to be held on Feb. 13, Will be
made. Tickets for the dance may
d]b: had by applying at The Federationist offlce.
r
LOOKING FOR
Prefer Making Profits to
Decent Human
Beings
What about that   expired   sub.f
Have you renewed yet!
HUNGARIANS IN WILD
OROY OF SLAUGHTER
Death List Totals Over 5000 Bourgeoisie on the Rampage
Berne, Switzerland, Jan 29.—
The Socialist Tagwacht prints a
letter written . by a Hungarian
Communist leader, who declares
that wild reaction rages throughout Hungary. The writer says
that while during the "red" torror
of last spring, only 204 persons
were killed, the existing "white"
terror has a death list of more
than G000. In addition to some
15,000 porsons arrested, 4000 Socialist families are being kept ln
notorious concentration camps,
which constantly are ravaged by
epidemics, It is said,
Hand tho Fed. to your shopmate
when ,vou arc through witb U,
Extensive    Organization
Campaign to Be Carried
On Across Country
Winnipeg, Man., Jan. 29.—The
first convention of the O. B. U,
adjourned this afternoon,. Twenty-five delegates attended from
Montreal to Victoria. The next
convention Is to be held in Port
Arthur, the conventions to be
held annually instead of seml-J
annually as was first proposed
when the constitution was drafted. The basis of representation is
to be one delegate for each thousand members. The different debates showed a decided opposition to the I.W.W. form of organization, despite all the stories
to the effect that the O. B. U. is
the I. W. W. in disguise. The executive consists of chairman and
secretary, . and one representative^ from the Loggers, the Coal
Miners, Metalliferous Miners,
Railway Workers and one member
west of the Rockies, two for the
contra! territory and one for east
of the Great Lakes, a total of
ten.
When the nominations for
chairman were called for no delegate would accept the nomination, W. A. Prltchard who was
first chairman not being a delegate, and he still continues in offlce. This was looked upon by
the convention as a tribute to
Prltchard, and a recognition of
his services, and also a reply to
the powers that be who are prosecuting him for a crime that he
Is not guilty of. V. R. Midgley
was re-elected secretary-treasur-
E. Winch is the Loggers' representative on the executive, while
Christophers represents the miners, Roberts the Metalliferous
Miners, Johns the Railroad Workors, Naylor the Wost, Knight the
East, H, Cottrell and W. H, Logan, both of Winnipeg, for central territory.
An aggressive organizing campaign is to be carried on, with
all available resources. Delegates
from tho United States, spoke enthusiastically of the sentiment existing there and which had already taken concrete form. A
momber for the U. S. A. is to be
added to the exocutive board, who
will be elected by the members
In that country. The executive
was instructed to consider the
establishment of an O. B. U.
paper, and a labor college. At
the closo of tho convention the
executivo sent out several organizers.
IN
f I EMPRESS
Will Explain the Present
; System from a Marx-
V    ian's Viewpoint
The  usual  propaganda meeting
the Socialist Party of Canada
iill bo hctd <ln the Empress the-
tfce next- Sunday night, and J.
Harrington will be the speaker.
tiast Sunday night, a large and
very attentive audience listened to
ono of the brightest and most
educational talks that has ever
been given In this city, and there
fe no doubt that many went away
alter the meeting, with the germ
of a new understanding ln their
minds. TS. these people, and to
thl£ workers of Vancouver In gen-
oral* an especial invitation is
given, to attend next Sunday's
mbeting. The speaker is a well
iirfbrmed and thoroughly capable
platform* man, and can be relied
tilion to give a sound and Instructive address. If you want to
htar the truth, if you want to
hear the capitalist system of
wealth production explained by a
•Marxian scholar, come to the
Empress next Sunday night.
. i Doors open at 7:30. Meeting
begins at s o'clock. Questions
apd discussion ,are invited.
General Workers Unit O. B. U.
.Several items of Implrtance will
come up for discussion at thc
n/ext regular meeting of the General Workers Unit O. B. U,
/Tho delegate to the convontion,
Comrado V. R, Midgley, will in
all probability be on hand to give
a( report of the deliberations of
the convention.
^During the past week applications for membership have been
coming in a little better, but the
month is drawing to a close and
t^e members will have to go
sqme to get one application for
eyery member on the books. With
the wide field for organizing pur-
ppses in the city of Vancouver
there is no renson in the world
why the membership of this unit
should not reach 3.000  In  1920.
, All members are requested to
be on hand prompt at 8 p.m. on
February 5 in room 401, Labor
^'cmple.
Tho secretary-treasurer is in
t}ie ofllce dally from 9 a.m. to
0. p.m. to give any information
or receive applications. Room 210,
Labor  Temple,
Stool Pigeon Methods Are
to Be Used in
Camps
On all sides you can hear a
squeal being made by the lumbermen about the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union of the O. B. U.,
and judging by the tactics they are
adopting lh order to try and put
the organization out of business, a
person not familiar with their tactics would think that the L. W. I.
U. was an organization that had
been brought Into being by aome
devilish knave, for the express purpose of corrupting the morals of
the workers ln the lumber Industry, and that its officers were advocating the burning of forests,
mills, etc.; In fact, were advocating
the destruction of everything ln
sight.
Detectives Employed
The following advertisement cut
from the Province newspaper was
inserted by a private Detective
Agency for the purpose of securing loggers and others who would
spy on active union men in camps:
"Wanted at once—Miners and
muckers for out of town; also few
experienced loggors; fare and all
expenses paid; top wages. Box 1474
Province."
This would indicate that those
who make a living by spying on
others do not follow the occupation of a logger, and as no real
logger would be so despicable to
act as Informer on his fellow worker who Is trying to make the living
conditions in the camps more tol-
(Continucd on pago 8)
GERMAN YOUTH
SICK OF MILITARISM
Pledge International Co-operation
' In Putting an End to
"       Militarism
London—That the rising generation of Germany is thoroughly
sick of militarism was vividly de
monstrated ln connection with the
recent national congress of the
British No-Conscription Fellowship. Messages from every section
of Germany, pledging International
co-operation in putting an end to
militarism ln the world, poured
in.
Chief among the orgalnzatlons
•that sent special messages were
the German e*-Service Socialist
Students League, the central committee of the German Peace Society, the German section ot the
Toung Universalis an'd the Society of Free German Touth.
Defenso Committee to Meet
The B. C. Defense Committee will
meet tonight (Friday), at 8 p.m., In
the ofllce of thc B, C, Federation!!*.
All members nro urged to attend its
many matters of grent moment avo
to be dealt with. The latest developments in respect to the Winnipeg trials, and Impending events
in the labor world make It imperative that tho Committee should
meet every week. Tonight's meeting Is important. ,
ML
Did you ovor try to rustle e sub. I
If not, why nott
E
Madrid—News writers and typesetters havo won the terms of
thcir strike und gone back to
work,
Over Three Million Workers Are Members of
Russian Unions
Paris—Over 3,000,000 workers of
Soviet Russia are organized In
unions and syndicates, according
to figures received in France from
the Supreme Council of national
economy of Soviet Russia. Here
are'some of the statistics:
Members
Textile Industries    714,000
Railroads    460,000
Metal   trades    400,000
Hides and leather 225,000
Water transport    200,000
Clothing    150,000
Food preparation   140,000
Building     120,000
Posts and telegraph  100,000
Miscellaneous   200,000
There are some smaller tradea
that bring the total up to 3,442,-
000.
Says Le Populalre: "What better answer to the fairy tales
spread abroad by the Russian reaction in an attempt to prove that
tho Soviet regime has boen des-
atrueUva. at unions la Russia."
1PERS PLACED
ON THE SHELF
Gigarmakers Decide That
.    He Is Too Old in
His Ideas
New York—Samuel Gompors,
president of the American Federation of Labor, was defeated in
the election for delegates to the
Cigarmakers International Union's
convention, held by local No. 144,
the organization to which he has
belonged forty years.
Morris Brown, one of the elected delegates, said he believed the
defeat of Mr, Gompers was due
to the influence of younger men.
"They are progressive," he said,
"and believe Mr. Gompers Is too
cbn servative."
His defeat in his own local
union and his absence from the
convention of his own International union, mny Indicate that ho will
fail to bc returned to the A, F,
of L. convention.
At the Jan. 16 meeting of the
C. P. R. Railway workers unit
of the O. B, U., 41 new members
were admitted. On Jan, 21 the
Fort Rouge Railway Workers
Unit   admitted  02   new   members.
Local Defense Committee
Working With Winnipeg Committee
Vice-President Marshall occupied
tho chair at last night's meeting
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, owing to tho absence of
President Midgley, who Is attending
the O. B. U. convention at Winnipeg. The session was a short one,
as lt was the fifth Thursday in the
month, and the council meetings
are to be held In future on the 2nd
and 4th Thursdays, and the General Workers Unit of the O. B. U.
will meet on tlie 1st and 3rd, and
some little confusion has arisen owing to the change in the meeting
nights.
The committee appointed to report on tho formation of one general fund reported progress, and a
full report will be made at the next
meeting of the couneil. The secretary reported that thc Gas Workers
had elected delegates lo the council, and that this unit would be
represnnted nt the next meeting.
Delegato Merson asked where O.
B. U. label overalls could be bought
tho secretary stated that he had
written to Winnipeg to find out lf
any such garments were being
made there In an O. B. U, factory.
A question was asked as to what
steps were to be taken in the caae
of R. B. Russell, Delegate Wells
stnted that tho local defenso committee was In close touch with tho
Winnipeg committee and all that
could be dono was being attended
to. He stated that the committee
at Winnipeg was a large one, and
composed of all kinds of working-
class organizations, and that the
Winnipeg committee hnd decided
to meet all expenses of tho libel
suit instituted by Showier and Sully
against UmFederatlonlst. Tho next
meeting of the council will be on
the 12th of February.
Defense Committee Publishes Two Pamphlets
of Interest to Labor
Realizing the itnense interest
that the trial of R. B. Russell has
occasioned In* all parts of the
country, the defence committee of
Winnipeg, has decided to print in
pamphlet form, certain Important
matters  concerning  this  case.
One of the pamphlets Is now
ready, namely, "The Charge of
Justice Metcalfe to the Jury," together with the charge of Justice
Cave, In the John Burns ^ase in
Engtand. Both make Interesting
rading, and arc of great educational value.
The price of this pamphlet Is
ten cents per single copy. To organizations or other parties, desirous of having a bundle of 100
or over, the price Is five cents per
copy,  express  charges  collect.
Being also acquainted with the
fact that the charge of Justice
Metcalfe In the Russell case, had
placed the Labor movement of
Canada, in a precarious position
with reference to the calling of
strikes, and the right to organize.
It was decidod to obtain the opinion of Mr. W. H. Trueman, K. C„
upon the legal status of the trade
uuion movement. Mr. Trueman
prepared this opinion, and delivered same at the convention hold
In the Strand Theatre, Winnipeg,
on Sunday, January 18th. The
defence committee are also having this printed in pamphlet form.
Tlie price of this address, which
-will be of great importance to
the workors of Canada In ascertaining their correct position under law, has been sot at 10 eents
per single copy, 85 cents per .doz.
postpaid ln bundles of 100 or
over, 5 cents per copy. The title
given to It is "The Russell Trial,
and Labor's Rights."
The committee would appreciate the placing of early orders,
and will send shipments promptly forward.
Send your orders to James Law,
room 4, 220 Bannatyne avenue,
Winnipeg, Man.
ALL REQUESTS OF
E
Jury Selected From Farmers—Judge Refuses to
Give Way
Shipyard Lulwrers
At the meeting of the Shipyard
Laborers Local) held last Friday,
the following officers were elected
for the ensuing term: President,
W. Maylor; vice-president, J. A,
Lockwood; recording secretary, W.
Storrow; treasurer, S. Jbbllng;
auditors, V). Paterson; B. W.
Bakes, Goo, Lewis; guardian, Jno.
Lamb; guide, W. J. Russell and
business agont and financial sec-'
retary, M. A. Phelps. Bro. Paterson was elected as delegate to
Ihe executive of thc Metnl Trades
Council.
Our advertisers support the Fed-
o canonist. It is up to you to support them.
SUGAR PROFITS TOTAL
MANY MILLION DOLLARS
Twelve Millions In Profits ln One
Year by One Comiumy
Sugar retailing at, record prices
is reflected ln the flnanclal report
of the Cuban-American Sugar
Company, which shows a clear
profit for tho last fiscal year of
17,091,298. This Is an equivalent
of 965.38 a share for the common
sto^k, after allowing for preferred
dividends. In the preceding year
the net profits amounted to $4,-
227,202, br the equivalent of
$86.74 a share on the common.
The latest profits are outside of
substantial depreciation charges,
and other costs, including taxes.
In addition to theso latter there
wiu placed 15,538,730 In thc surplus fund, which now has a total
of  122,367.130.
LEAD I WAY
Fighting      Organization
Changes Conditions of
Toilers
Tho greatest gains ever made
by the workers of the world in
their never censing International
struggle, were made Inst year.
During 1919 Labor organizations
of the world mado as many gains
as they made In tho preceding
decade, In no part of the world
was there a failure to take advantage of tho opportunity for a concerted drive to better conditions.
The most amazing development
of the year was tho appearance
of -the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America, thc O. B. U.
of tho clothing trade, as the leader of the American Labor movement. Although denounced and
attacked by the officialdom of
the "recognized" Labor movement, tho Amalgamated becamo
the vanguard of tho Labor movement early ln the year, when it
successfully conducted the flght
for the establishment of the 44-
hour woek,
The Amalgamated members
were scoffed at when they announced their plans to establish
the real eight-hour day—eight
hours' work a day with half-holiday on Saturday. The struggle
for the 44-hour week was begun
In the fall of 1918, and victory
was gained in January, 1919.
Hart, Schaffner & Mnrx, tho largest clothing manufacturers In the
world, wore tho first to establish
the 44-hour week In their Chicago shops, in tho renewal of their
agreement with the Amalgamated. With a tremendous sweep,
tho Amalgamated forced a reduction ln working hours throughout Canada and the United States,
Queen Asks How Much
More Grease to Be
Used
(Special to Federatlonist)
Winnipeg, Jan. 29.—The prosecution of defendants in the big
labor trial started here Thursday
morning when A. J, Andrews,
K.C, chief Crown prosecutor, began his opening address, ln which
he stated that the Crown would
urge that this case was brought
down to test the legality of the
One Big Union, and the general
strike In  Winnipeg.
The selection of the jury was
completed on Wednesday afternoon, those chosen all being farmers, wliose average is about fifty
years, thereby showing Uttle lfkll-
hood of unUuri;tun ding the economic Ideas of the city workers.
"I wonder how much more grease
the Crown wishes to put on the
plank to slide us into the penitentiary?" asked John Queen, one
of the defendants, and his fellow
workers seem to have the same
opinion.
The following salient points will
show the preliminary nature of
the trial:
Justice Metcalfe refused to
grant the request of the defend-,
ants for an adjournment of the
trial until the next session, which
was requested owing to the prejudice created In the minds of
the people by the capitalistic
press, coupled with Russell's conviction, and the failure of the
appeal, thus making a fair trial
impossible. The defense also asked that Mr. Justico Metcalfe step
asldo, and permit another judge
to try the case, the defense maintaining that he was prejudiced--
at least unconsciously so. Justice
Metcalfe stated that he could not
in justice ask another judge to
tako so arduous a case, and that
he must not shirk his duty.
The trial judge also refused to
sustain the objections of the defense to Mr. Andrews, Mr. Pit-
blado and other lawyers acting
for the Crown, and representing
the government In the trial because of the reasons that must
bc  apparent  to  all  labor  forces.
Thc defense alleged that fifty
names had been dropped from the
jury panel under conditions that
violate jury law. The sheriff
was examined on Monday, the
judge overruling defendants request that jury panel be present
during the examination, and appointing Mr. Webster foreman of
the Grand Jury and County Court
Judge Patterson to hear evidence
against shertrf despite the protest of William Ivens tbat Webster could   not  bo  impartial.
The judge also refused the request of John Queen for a change
of venue, although Queen quoted
largely from capitalistic press, fti-
ehulln'g the inflammatory "Winnipeg C'tlzen," tho organ of the
employers, which lied about the
workera during the strike.
R. A, Bonner, K.C, senior counsel for thc defendants, who have
legal defense, criticised the methods by which the Crown had more
challenges than defense. "Andrews says he wants fair trial,"
Bonner declared. Ho hns four
pre-emptory challenges, forty-
eight stand asides, and then he
can challenge all. This is more
than has the defense, they have
only twenty-dlght, as ugafn»t fifty-'
four for t'he Crown, Why should
Crown have rights that will enable them to pack the Jury if
they so desire? If they do not
want to pack the jury, why do
they wnnt the. rights they are
now   csklng.    Mr,   Bonner   nsked.
John Queen criticised Senator
Gideon Robertson, minister of labor, for nn alleged declaration at
MuQIlI University at Montreal that
"The Russell family In Jail would
soon   bo   Increased."
"That has nothing to do with
this cnso," declared Justice Metcalfe, to which Queen replied, "I
was only bringing to the notice of
tho court Information I have."
"You must not do that," shouted Mr, Justice Metcalfe ns he
pounded his desk. The cam is
proceeding.
CO-OPERATIVE BRANOH
FOR NORTH VANOOUVER
Woman    Co-ojieraavo    Guild    to
Hold Dance and Social
Saturday Evening
North Vancouver is to have the
flrst branch of the Vancouver Co--
operative Society. A splendid
meeting was held in the K. P.
Hall on Wednesday evening, and
thc fixing up and opening of the
branch is now In the hands of a
committeo. The store will be located In a roomy, stoam-heated
storo in the Mount Crown block,
on First street, opposite the post
office. Volunteer carpenters anl
painters will be busy on the fixtures next weok, and tho opening
will be announced at a later date.
Another delivery truck has been
purchased to meet the ever-ln- *
creasing trade of the central store.
Teh Woman's Guild of the
Vancouver Co-operative Society
has arranged for a social and
danco to be held In the Rlgg-Sel-
man building, 319 Pender street gj
west, on Saturday owning. There
will be music, singing, dancing,
recitations and refreshments all
for 25c.   Doors opon at 8 p.m.
When  through  with  this paper,
|£asB it on. PAGE TWO
OVERCOATS
OVERCOATS
200 Hen's Overcoats, iu Raglans, Belters, Waist lines,
Button Thru Chesterfields, wool lined and silk lined, in
Browns, Greys, Navys.   Begular $40, $45 and $60—
FEBRUARY CLEAN-UP.
25
.00
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 Granville Street
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
OBOOBBT DEPARTMENT
Finest Tomatoes, tin  ISO
Finest Pin* Apple, 3 for ...,.«_....48a
Finest Now Prunes, 2 lbi S5a
national Soda Biscuits, pkg, _ SOo
SALT IS  SOABtJB
Fineat Kitchen Salt.   Saturday
or.fr 12 lba. „..._ 25c
PBOVISIOM DEPARTMENT
Slater'* Sugar Cured Streaky Bacon,
lb „ _ 60a
Slater'*   Sliced   Sugar-Cured   Bacon,
lb.    ,.n.n. ™ B5«
fllater'a   Sliced   Boneless   Boll,   per
lb     400
Shaker Salt, 2 fer  .IBe
Fine Dry Onions, 8 lbs for .86c
B. * K. Split Peas, 3 lhi. for ......260
Finest Pearl Barley, 2 lba 26c
Finest Pancake Flour, ouJy  2fto
PUBE   JAM  BELOW  WHOLESALE
HEBE'S A BAOOM SPECIAL
Finest Sugar-Cured Bacon, equal
to Shamrock Bacon, in 2 and It-
lb. piecofi. Reg. 58 %o lb. Saturday, while tbey last,, special,
pound ™  AOVse
Empress Strawberry Jam.
4-lb.  tins    11.25
Empress Apricot Jam,
4-lb. tins  - 11.28
Empress Black Currant Jam.
4-lb. tins 11.85
Empress Raspberry Jam.
4-lb. tin* .....  *1.26
Alberta  Cooking Egg*,  dos 60c
Alberta Freah Eggs, do*. .............66c
B. C. Fresh Eggs, dos - -76c
HAM SPECIAL
Flnut Sugar-Cured Boneless Rolls,
very mild  for frying,  weighing
from 4 to 6 lb*.  Regular 49 V
lb. Saturday only. lb. —.t&Vs*
Apex Strawberry Jaa .
Apex Raspberry Jam «,-
..860
..860
Finest B. 0. Cream Cheese, pkg.....20e
Finest Dairy Butter, lb  Mo
FRESH HEAT DEPARTMENT
SPECIAL
Fineat Shoulder of Pork, weighing
from 5 to 7 lbs. Regular 35c lb.
Saturday only, lb 20\.e
BUTTER—BUTTEB—BUTTEB
BUTTER — BUTTEB
BUTTER
Slater's   Famous   Alberta   Butter.
Reg. 8 lba. for |2.35.   Saturday
only, 3 lbs. iot  $2.26
Ho. 1 Steer Pot Roaata from lb. 12%0
No. 1 Steer Oven Roast* from lb. ..160
Finest Puro Lard, 2 lbs. for 7Se
Finest Compound Lard, 2 lba. ......GFc
Finest Beef Dripiilng, 2 lbs .650
EXTBA SPECIAL
finest Rolled Boneless Prime Ribs
of Beef.   Reg. 85c lb. Saturday
morning, pound —28c
SLICED EA"ON SPECIAL
From 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. we will
aell Slater's Sugar-Cured Sliced
Bacon at por lb   tSe
Limit 2 lbs.
THREE BIG STORES
us HAsmras stbeet east...
130 OBANTOLB 8TBEET	
3260 MAM STEEET.	
.....PHONE SET. 3231
 rHONE SET.   B66
...PHONE TAIB. 1383
twelfth year,  no. s   THE BRITISH gQLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. ft
PRIE RUPERT
Constitution of New Unit
of 0. B. U. Is Under
i        Discussion
WE FOLLOW
NATURE
Nature rarely makee a mistake—natural teeth are urn-
ally tlie bat.
If lt is possible to preserve your own teoth wo do lt. If, howovor,
wo ara forced to Introduce artificial tooth wo aim to make them
harmonize perfectly with the conformation of your mouth.
Soe us about your tooth troublea—our advice la honest.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-ray, Orown and Bridge Specialists
CM HASTINGS WEST—Corner Seymour
?The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS POR A DOLLAR
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1508, Calgary, Alberta
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
Goodwin's Good Shoes
********m***********mi^^m^ \ ***m****^e^***   w**^**m^t^m***i
OOOD—Because we know much of the reputation and
general skill of the manufacturers from whom we buy.
OOOD—Because as old and experienced shoe men we
know leather and leather quality.
OOOD—Because our stock is so big and varied that we
are enabled to give every purchaser the perfection of flt.
GOODWIN
SHOE CO.
110 HASTINOS ST. B.
"Goodwin's Good Shoes"
The regular meeting of the
Prince Rupert Central Labor
Council convened at 8 p.m. on
January 20th. Forty-one delegatea were 'preaent.
Del. Morse reportod the formation of the Building Trades Unit
from the membership of the Recruiting Club, (with 26 membera.
Provisional officers and delegates
had been eleoted, the delegates to
the council being Bros. Newman,
Miller aiW Morae. Another meet-'
Ing would be held as soon as possible to organize on a permanent
basis. Report accepted and delegates seated.
On motion, the consideration of
the proposed constitution and bylaws of the Fisheries and Water
Products Industrial Unit was made
a special order of business. The
assistant secretary read the salient,
portions of the same, and the
chairman called for debato. i
Some Objections
The objections to the constitution were voiced mainly by the,
secretary-treasrer and Del. Casey,!
who took the ground that lt was I
a duplication In some respects of
the constitution of the C. L. C„
and In others overrode and supplanted the function of the council and its officers. The constitution was a lengthy document,
giving evidence of long and careful preparation and consideration
on the part of the farmers, whose
desire to have an effective organ
ization for the protection of the
fishermen was not called Into
qestton. The main objection cen
tered around provisions that are
tnoluded, which forecast a possible
withdrawal from the policy of
paying dues to the Central Labor
Council as at present, substituting Instead the payment of per
capita tax. As the whole success
of the O. B. U. organization in
tralizatlon of the funds of all
this district is ascribed to the cen
units In the council, the final ap
proval has been withheld pending
a report of the executivo committee on th© question. Delay In
making the report has bcen occasioned by the situation at the dry
dbek, which has necessitated several meetings of the executive
with the men involved. The executive reported at the last meeting
its recommendation that the matter, be laid on the table for six
months, as in their opinion the
time was not rlpo for adoption.
The matter was referred back for
consideration by a Joint committee of the exocutive and the fishermen, but not time having been
available for the committee to
meet, tt waa decided to thrash
the matter out in the council.
Del. Casey took the ground that
lt was the essential work of the
council to concentrate on organisation, and the time for the adoption of the proposed constitution
was not opportune, Inasmuch as
It forecasted a separation from
the council. The Industry could
be organized by the council, aa U
poasessed the necessary funds, and
when the industry was fully organized, would be the time to
consider the cessation of payment
of dues to the oouncll, and for
the framing of a constitution to
embrace all fishermen.
Del. Morse thought that Del.
Casey had misconstrued some sections. He appreciated the atti-
tode of the executive, but the
fishermen were also conscientious
in framing It. He could see that
there might be in the future
necessity to stop the payment of
dues to the council, when the
unit got too big fos the council
to handle. It was necessasy to
have a constitution to show pros
pectlve members.
Del. Thompson thought that
the unit would ultimately become
one of the most Important in the
Province, and delay might act
against organization. The council
should be careful not to lay Itself
open to a charge of using A. F.
of L. tactics of dolay, but authorization should be given as
quickly as possible.
Unnecessary Repetition
Del. W, Shaw considered that
the constitution Contained some
good legislative work, but contained some unnecessary repetitions of the O. B. U, constitution.
A six months' hoist would stop
the process of organization, and
the fishermen had as much right
to organize as the L. \V. I, U.
The constitution of the council
was not suitable to handle the
fishing Industry. At the same time
a lot of the proposod constitution might be cut out without impairing its efficiency.
Sea-Treas, Cameron was, like
Del. Casey, opposed on the ground
that the time was not ripe for
adoption, insofar as it contemplated the elimination of the Central Labor Council. The only references made to the council provided for the time when it would
cease to pay Its dues to tho Coun.
cil. That seemed to Indicate that
the ultimate aim was to withdraw
from the council. The duties of
the officers, as laid down, were
the same as those of the officers
of the council, and the wholo tendency seemed to be ln the direction of supplanting the council,
There was nothing aimed at
which could not be as well performed by the function of the
council. The centralization of
funds in the council had placed
that body ln the foremost of the
O. B. U., until It was now considered one of the most progressive bodies in the movement. In
time, the proposed constitution
might be advisable, but not now,
and tf It was adopted now the
council might not live through
the year. It overlapped the function of the council ond its officials, whilo the council was in a
fetter position to carry on the organization work.
Del. Booth said that a few
months ago, the salmon trollers
had approached the flsh packers
with a viow to organizing a Fishermen's Industrial Unit, of which
the two bodies would form the
nucleus.   A joint meeting had ap-
FRIDAT.......January  80,   192'
pointed a joint committee' to draw
up a constitution, whicli =fiad
dono careful work oa it faring
four meetings. The result had
been .approved by the membership, although they did not^cfaim
that it was perfect He did not
favor laying it on the table for
six months, but thought action
should be taken at once, They
had no Idea of stopping th# piiy
ment of dues to the council;^
withdrawing, and could not unaei
stand how the impression that it
was desired had arisen. Q
Committee  to  Revlso   ;|
The assistant secretary suggested that a committee representing
the Fsheries Unit and the council
be given the duty of revising the
proposed constitution by eliminating tho repetitions and inserting
provisions safeguarding the connection with the council. He considered that a constitution was
necessary for the work of organization, as that work would be
much 'easier if they had it to show
prospective members. Also, he
thought that the members of the
Industry were in a better position
to organize the industry than wus
the general membership of the
council. He was convinced that
the "Prince Rupert scheme," as it
could rightly be called, was the
most effective way of centralising
the power of the movement locally, and ho was not ln favor of
even suggesting* to the future
membership that withdrawal from
the council might at some time be
advisable. That time might.come,
but most certanily it was not now.
He moved the following motion:
Burrough-Morse: "That a committee, compoesd of three from
the council and three from the
Fsheries Unit be elected to revise
the proposed constitution, by eli-
mnlatlng surplus and objectionable matter, and to report back to
the council."
Del. Cox was of the opinion
that the unit should have a con
stitutlon of its own, but did not
want to see any overlapping of
the council's constitution ahd
-functions. At the same time, the
O. B. U. convention might make
it necessary to draft another one.
Wfti'nipeg had started up wtth the
Prince Rupert scheme, Vancouver
was trying it, and it seemed' to be
gaining in favor.
Del. Rudderham vacated- the
chair for Vice-chairman Booth,
while he addressed the counoil.
He said that it was partly owing
to him that the subject was being discussed at that meeting, In
order that he might have, somo
guidance as to his attitude at the
O. B. U. conevntion. At; : that
time he hod thought that Prli co
Rupert had the right scheme: of
centralizing funds and efforts;) IT lie
speaker took the L. W. I. iU: as
an example of thp centralist*! un
of funds and efforts- unde*> one
head, collecting the dues fn m
each district and sending them to
headquarters. That was what ¥ as
being done In Prln'ce Rupert by
the local organizations. Indis-
trlal unionism was a fine ;thli g,
but a scattered populations in a
big country was not the sam* pi o-
posltlon as the situation th tie
north of England. In this coin-
try, they had to consider geographical problems. The fishing
industry Bhould have a constitution governing that class of work,
and the council should have a
general constitution, with the constitutions of the different industrial units as appendices, governing their different classes of work,
such as to have the approval of
the central body. As to the Industrial Council provided for ln
the constitution under discussion,
the objection taken to It was that
it set up a body that would carry
on in the same manner as did
the council at present. The fishing Industry was a large field, but
he could see no reason why the
task of organizing it could not be
done by the council. That body
could send out a fisherman as organizer, on wages, which the unit
at present could not do. A shipbuilding industry was started In
Prince Rupert, and if that was to
be organized along the same lines
as proposed for the Fisheries Unit
they would have another duplication of officers and functions. If
all the industries could be com
bined under the Central Labor
Council, they would have a stronger organization than lf they had
separate industrial wings,
Del. Thompson supported the
policy of centralization of funds
In the council, and Del. Booth endorsed the policy also, but at the
same time considered It necessary
to have a constitution ln the fishing industry to put the various
workers In their proper sections.
The proposal was to divide them
Into the Prince Rupert section,
the Deep Sea section and the
Canneries section. He thought
that the council should go on record in favor of the concentration of funds.
The motion to commit the
question to a joint committee, was
then put and carried unanimously. The council elected Dale, Burrough, Casey and Cameron, the
Fisheries Unit to elect at their next
joint meeting. ,t
Motion, Booth-Cox: "Thatj this
council go on record as strongly
recommending to the O. B. " IT.
convention the policy of centralization of funds of the Industrial
districts In the Central JAbor
Council or district boards oOhe
districts." Carried unanimously.
The executive committee _, was
instructed to report on ways,, and
means of furthering organization,
as the result of a discussion on
the feasibilit^of putting a .paltd
organiser in the field. Firemen
in the cold storage plant having
expressed their desire to join, Steps
were ordered taken to assist thom
In organization, 1   .
Bro. P. Czyz reported fronji the
strike at the Premier mine alow?
the same lines as the assistant
secretary had done at tht previous
meeting, and stated that a committee had been sent down, but
had not yet been able to reach
Prince Rupert.
Adjournment at 11:18 p.m.
The Reactions of Love
*******
^_^^^^^^^   *******        *******,
The One Hope of Humanity
Hold Social
The social held by the Toung
Peoples' Club, an offshoot of the
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B.
U., Prince Ruport, was a complete success, the hall being crowded to capacity and a thoroughly
good time enjoyed by all. Close
on to $100 was raised for tso expenses of the social and for further organization work by a collection and ruffles. At midnight
the gathering started to disperse,
(By Nemesis) '
In these depressing days in the
chequered history of our race,
when human life has degenerated
into a feverish and maddening
scramble for material things: when
the golden rule has been ruthlessly discarded and all that Is left of
it are its dying echoes in our faot-
emptylng churches: when the great
bulk of mankind, monomaniacs in
their dollar-lust have forgotten the
old standards of honor, the- old
faiths and the old visions of things
eternal: when nations rise against
nations In their mad lust for pelf
ond power and wolflshly slaughter
their fellowmen in their millions,
the mind reels despairingly in its
efforts to fihd a solid anchorage ln
aome reality—in something that it
feels will stand the test of time and
cease not at the cold touch of
death's dark finger.
Man turns from the chaos of his
own world of men to the material
universe but turns in vain for that
soul-anchorage.
He finds mental exercise In following the ceaselesB circulation of
matter: in the winds that lash and
kiss the earth ln varying moods:
from animal to plant and plant to
animal in the organlo world:
through the waters that sweep the
deep ocean bottom and from their
surface currents toss their spray
to the blustering winds imbuing
them with their vaporous breath of
life: and his mind Is refreshed end
strengthened by the physical beauty of the. earth in its varying and
countless manifastattons yet that
physical world leaves the depth of
him moved only by a passing
tremor, a stirring merely of sense
and intellect and that soul-craving
still unsatisfied.
And turning from the physical
universe, of which he is a part
and yet apart from it, for he can
only conceive lt as being around
him, outside himself, he must seek
within himself that upon which he
can anchor hope and build his happiness. *****
Thero is a physical law to this
effect: to every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction which Is the reason, of
course, why a man cannot lift himself by his own boot-straps; and
this law Is not confined to the physical world, but operates with as
much precision and certainty, ln
the world of mind, and It is by
reason of man's inability or unde-
slre to recognize this latter fact
that much, if not all, of his mental
miseries has fallen to his lot.
It is a well-known medical fact
that the reaction of anger produces
a veritable poison in the blood and
all of us are aware that the reaction of an unselfish deed of kindness gives a soft warmth and satisfaction ln our being, impossible
to describe ln words, as indeed all
sensations are. But an evil action
has often a multiplying action as
well as an equal and contrary reaction, for it may start a corresponding evil action in the mind of
its object and consequently a second reaction.
An evil action may affect also
many minds as in the repressive
and ataVf&tto actions of selfish
rulers and the result Is a multiplication which, like physical energy,
can be stored up for future use.
If I lift a ten-poud weight to a
support six feet above the ground
I expend sixty foot-pounds of
energy ln doing rf&, and that enregyj
is stored up in the weight which
on the removal of the support will
crash to the ground with an expenditure of that amount of energy; but one brutish act of our rulers may store up a million brutish
Impulses ln a nation which may ultimately react in a million brutish
acts.
In the working of this law lies
the hope of man's regeneration,
and in that alone: for the reactions of love are as sure and as
multiplying as the reactions of
evil.
In this transition period of our
race when all the actions and reactions of the Insanity of greed,
transmitted as they have been from
generation to generation, ever accumulating and ever intensifying,
may re-act in unrestrainable fury
over the wholo planet* la it not
imperative that the saner portions
of the nations formed themselves
into a real altruistic league with
the objeot of speedily establishing
the new and true civilization?
The new civilization which shall
replace the old barbarlam with its
Indecent hypocrisies and trail of
misery must be built on the only
foundation which can Insure to
mankind the blessings of peace and
true happiness, tho foundation of
love.
Life, Love and Mind were divine
gifts and may be eternal principles
and the* law of evolution though It
may cast some little light on their
development in association with
our material being, cannot explain
them. There is no human explanation for them and while it Is impossible for the mind to conceive
nny one o'f them existing and functioning without the others, It Ib
evident that Love Is the supreme
gift, as far as we, as self-conscious
beings are concerned, and Is the
true and only foundation on which
to build a social system to replace
the barbaric atrocity that holds today and.must be employed if the
human race Is ever to know peace
and happiness and to mentally and
morally develop to Its capacity.
It will be well then to examine
this gift and realize as far as
possible Its nature and true significance.
In a dim, past age ln our planet's
history when the waters had condensed Into the hollows and were
supplying the torrential downpours
which were aiding in the work of
attrition and transportation of the
debris, accumulating ln the warm
sea-shallows, occurred the unthinkable, the unknowable mystery,
the first, feeble pulsation ln the
minute speck of living matter—
and with that life principle the un-
unseeable principles of love
'and mind and all endowed with the
power of development.
In the course of that development, when the slmgle cell had
multiplied into complex forms and
these had spread over the dry
lands, came the second mystery,
the miracle- of sex. With sex the
principle of love was made manifest in sexual attraction from
which grew the deeper and more
unselfish, maternal love.
Maternal love is unsexual, deep
and abiding, but still selfish, favoring Its twn even to the detriment
ot others; and from this maternal
love, slowly, laboriously, painfully,
has sprung the germ of the perfect
love, unselfish as far as self can
be dismissed, seeking no favors,
looking for no reward except In
the happiness and well-being of itB
object and advancing to the self-
eliminating, all-embracing Christ
Iove—Love's climax,
This germ appearing tn the slave
class of the earth and produced by
the sympathetic reactions among
themselves through the long dark
ages of Injustice and slavery, has
made that enslaved class the only
possible saviors of a world I
driving to destruction by reason of
Its lawless, social system.
That delivery will take place, the
time only being problematical, for
ln many minds the new syBtem Is
already outlining and taking definite shape and Is founded on love
and justice; in which the evil
earth-ownership and profits are
abolished ' anfi all exploitation
ended.
Then shall that germ of love
grow in that natural environment
to Its fullest and destined development for "God Is Love."
Startling Exposures Made
By Ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs
but the enticing strains of the orchestra proved too much, and
wraps were thrown aside and the
dancing kept up till 1:30 a.m.
The need for larger quarters Is
becoming more pressing, not alone
for the sooial functions, but also
for the more sober task of O. B.
U.  organization.
Says English and American Capitalists Engineered the War
(By the Federated Press)
Paris.—The houee of J. P. Morgan & Co., with the assistance of
England, forced France to continue ln the great war In order
to grind out profits from millions
of human lives. The sordid tale
of international capitalism 11 told
In (he first volume ot a history
of the war by Gabriel Hanotaux.
minister of foreign affairs from
1892 to 1898, and an eminent
historian.
Tiie financiers, to keep France
fighting their war, Hanotaux
proves, promised ln the fall of
1914 to bring the United States
Immediately into the conflict.
Then they double-crossed France,
and neglected to betray their own
country. This was done with the
assistance of Great Britain. And
the same company, still in the
driver's seat of the world's cortege, is now. offering to "restore"
France—at 7  per cent Interest.
After tho flrst battle of the
Marne, In the fall of 1914,
which was evidently not sueh a
brilliant success as lt has been
painted, France was eager to
make peace with Germany. The
plan was Instantly nipped in the
bud. Neutral diplomats at London got wind of it, and immediately a British ultimatum was
sent to Bordeaux, threatening
France with a blockade it fhe
left the flght.
By undlsputable documentary
evidence, Hanotaux proves that it
was an American member of the
houae of J. P. Morgan & Co., that
started the fatal machinery going
ln August, 1914, and then kept
it grinding out millions of human
lives for more than four years.
4* the time of the decision in
the fall there were tn Paris Robert Bacon, ot the house ot Morgan, foreign minister; Myron T.
Herrick, retiring minister, and
William^G. Sharp, the new mln>
Ister. These three men made an
actual contract with France that
if Bhe would remain In the war,
they would see that America came
tn at once, it Is asserted.
* "There are at present only 60,-
000 'influential' men ln the
United States who want war,
tbey said, "but give us a little
time and there will be 100,000,
dead-set for it."
Hanotaux declares that the
sum which waa provided to
arouse the people of the United
States to war is too large even
for  American   comprehension,
"OUR GARMENTS MAKE US FAMOUS"
THE BEST	
OF GOOD VALUES
Daring the Famous January Clearance bargains have
been offered that were without peer in the realm oil ladies' fine garments.
TheBe values, however, are insignificant compared to the ones
we are showing during the next few days.
END OF THE SEASON
ANO MONTH END SALE
The prices on our best Famous-made suits, coats and dresses
have in many cases been out In half—it will pay you to call and
look them over.
THESE PRICES ABE NOW EFFECTIVE
623
HASTINGS ST. W
Hear Oranvllle
MD 10 HAVE
Working Class Organizations to Arrange Educational Institution
(By the Federated Press)
Dublin—Ireland is to have a
Labor College. Since Nov. 2,
when the founding of the James
Connolly Labor College was decided upon at a conference ot trade
union, co-operative and Socialist
Party delegates, held in Dublin,
management committee has been
at work raising funds, developing
courses, and 'making propaganda
for the college among the working class organisations of Ireland.
The purpose of the enterprise Is
"to commemorate James Connolly by carrying on his work to win
and hold social freedom, and by
tlfe promotion of lectures and
study classes to flt working men
and women for the service of
their class."
The constitution places the governing power "of the college In
the hands of the annual conference of delegates from aU bona
fide working class organizations In
Ireland, which are afflliated to
the college. One-half of the management committee will be elected by the conference, and the
other by the students of the ool-
lege.
The college has already begun
its definitely educational work tn
Dublin, and has sought to awaken
Interest In the country by offering
to trades councils and trade union
branches Its aid ln setting up educational classes ln their district,
supplying tutors, lecture outlines
and special lecturers.
Patronize Federationlit advertiser!,
NOTICE
Ex-Alderman Kirk hu
no connection whatsoever
with thia Company directly or indirectly, nor haa
he ever had any.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 468
After our leather trust had
piled up leather in Belgium with
the Idea of selling lt at famine
prices to Europe, the Belgian government refused to allow leather
to be re-exported. Those of us
who have felt the high price of
shoes here will probably agree
that Belgium handled this trust
better than wo did at home.
BRITISH WOMEN ARE
FORMING COUNCILS
Taking Greater Interest in Community Life and Conditions
Women are coming powerfully
Into the control of living conditions and community life ln England. One of the most striking
evidences of the broadening scope
of their Interests has been the
formation within a year of more
than 200 working women's village councils ln England. These
women are now demanding representation on the national housing committees,- and are making
an intensive study of architecture,
sanitation and other problems of
village housekeeping. A movement for village recreation li
growing rapidly.
Moscow—Upon the suggestion
of the worjters, the Moscow Soviet
has constructed a model town for
workers ln the outskirts of the
city. A considerable number of
four-family apartments have been
built, each with a vegetable garden.
Modern Dental
Service
THE spirit which prompted me
to equip my laboratories and
to prepare iny staff in the technique Decennary to fit and mako
tho now Removable Bridge Ib tht
aame aplrlt of progress wMeh haa
alwaya animated mo and kept mo
abreast of the latest advances In
.the science of Dentistry ns approved by tho highest authoritiei.
lou will flnd no more modern office than thia in the world. I aar
this without hesitation, knowing
the progress of Dentistry and having visited tho leading dental of- '
noea on thia continent and ia
Europo on e recent trip.
I can recommend thla now Removable Bridge in such onaea as whero
Micro aro toeth to bo replaced on
both sides of the mouth and porhaps in front as well. By this
method all may bo replaced by a
singlo donture of a must sanitary
and convenient kind. Although removable by tho patient hlmielf
this denturo is as firm as tho natural teeth themselves whon in uao.
It is truly an ideal method of replacing lost tooth.
I shall ba glad to explain tho many
points of advantago of this aew
Removable Bridge,
Dr. Lowe
Fill, Dentistry
HASTINOS   AND   ABBOTT
Phut Ser. 5(41
Oppo.lt. Woodward's
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
BastingsFornitareCo.Lti
41 Hartw Mart Wirt
BB SOU TOU OBI
VAN BROS.
WBL« TOO ASK TCB
-CIDER-
anfl XflMlMAollfc wlui rt tD
'UNION   MEN'S   ATTBNTION
—THB—
TROCADERO
CAFE
lot Onion Men
IM HASTINOS STBBBT WBST
Phone Seymour M5
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVEB — ONION OABD
OLELAND-DIBBLE  ENOBAV-
INO OOMPANT
Lilnlt.l
PHOTO  ENOHAVEBB
COMMEBOIAL ABHSia
Phont Soymonr 716S
Third  floor,   World Bulldim,  Van-
eoimr. B. 0.
A REAt TREAT AWAITING YOU
_   A ..!! nlim MMTHLCr, m**m Ml tl Mm
FACTS-  ll uk.» im i!»i.M Int. MEXICO.
J.E.S»ri~.».r-Ih.W«U".oai.U.Cl
ll .hould b. wrtfutlr M*l h, ***y An*.*™ W*%
"■  MOTH IEWB.
■ftiiugleo ro. MlNOrls-MOT rot PtOFlT"
end runisHiNC co.. a, —um sum, cu.ii, ci
frit. KM t* 109, .U !h..|» n.**
THE HOLIDAY SEASON IS APPROAOHING-Aro you going to
mako good yonr advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couple of weeks
out in the open.  We oiler yon
a splendid selection of Fish*
ing Tackle, Hiflos, Cartridges,
Clothing, together   with   the
usual Camping Requirements.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Complote Sporting Goods
Store
618-620 Hastings Street West,
VANCOUVEB, B. 0. THIS PAOB JB
PAID
POE
BT
THE
iUMBEE
WOBKEBS
OP
THE 0. B.
V.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
(HU PAOB 18 DEVOTED
MIS OP THB LUMBEB
tIKIT OP THE O.
woknu |
B. V. |
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 5
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 30, 1920
$2.00 PER YEAB
News of the Lumber Workeri Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
Should Millworkers Receive
a Living Wage?
A MESSAGE FROM 16,000 FELLOW-WORKERS
IN THE LUMBER INDUSTRY
Fellow-workers:—Do you know that the prioe of lumber has been increased almost double, by your employers
recently f
How have they been able to do this? By organizing in
tlie One Big Union of Lumbermen, commonly known as
the Lumbermen's Association, etc.
Has your employer doubled your wages? If not. WHV
ARE YOU ORGANIZED?
Do you realize that if the price of the necessities of life
continue to be increased without your receiving' a corresponding increase in wages that you will be compelled to
lower'your standard of living to sueh a degree that you
will loose all self-respect, and become an object of contempt, a mere abject slave?
SURELY, YOU DON'T WANT THIS CONDITION OF
AFFAIRS, and neither do your fellow workers.
Sixteen thousand paid-up members in the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union of the One Big Union desire
to help you secure better wages and working condition^
and this organization, at the recent convention in Vancouver, endorsed a minimum wage of $5.00 per day of 8
hours for all millworkers.
This means that the lowest paid worker around a mill
must receive $5.00 per day of 8 hours, but it will not prevent the mechanio from receiving $10.00 per day or even
more.
Do you desire the assistance of this organization to get
better wages and working conditions? If so, you muit
become a member.
Meetings for millworkers are held in the following
places, and any worker in a mill, whether organized or
unorganized, may attend:
Vancouver, at Lumber Workers' headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, on flrst and third Mondays of each
month.   Meetings commence at 8 p.m.
New Westminster, Labor Hall, corner Royal and
Seventh Streets, second and fourth Wednesdays, 8 p.m.
Port Moody, Orange Hall, second and fourth Fridays,
8 p.m.
Maillardville and Fraser Mills, moving picture theatre,
Maillardville, second and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.
If you cannot attend any of these meetings, you may
become a member by sending in your name and address,
also $1.00 to pay your membership fee, to secretary Lumber Workers' Industrial Union, 61 Cordova Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
You will hear all kinds of reports nbout the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union of the One Big Union. Those
who do not want the laws enforced, who want you to have
miserable pay, long hours, rotten conditions, etc., say that
the union is anarchistic, bolshevistic, socialistic, etc., but
the ti-uth of the matter is that thc organization is just
what the members want it to be, for THE MEMBERS
MAKE AND CONTROL THE ORGANIZATION. No
official has any say in the control of the Union. The men
on the job do that. „
No strike can be ealled except by thc membors themselves, and a general strike can only called after a referendum vote has been taken of the entire membership and
a majority vote east in favor of such action.
The constitution states that the purpose of the organization is to advance and maintain the social and economic interests of the workers and it aims to compel the
employers and the government to carry out the laws governing sanitary conditions in the camps and mills, and
all other laws relating to improved conditions for tho
workors. It also aims to bring about such further improvements in the living and working conditions as those
who work in the lumber industry or in construction
camps deem desirable.
Any wage worker in the lumber industry or in a construction camp is eligible for membership. Entrance fee,
$1.00 j monthly dues, $1.00.
■50,000 in 1920;
intake for the water supply for
the cook shack be extended."
Moved and seconded: "That the
company furnish a wash house
and dry house."
Moved and seconded. "That aU
top bunks be removed."
Moved and seconded: "That the
company be given 30 daya to meet
these demands,"
J ust received word from the
company that they would come
through with the demand as soon
CAMP REPORTS
ALBERNI,   B.   0.
Foundation Co. of B. O. Ball-
way Right-of-way Camp
The conditions ln camp are:
Tent camps with double floors,
four-foot walls, Iron beds with
■prlngs and mattresses; logging
at the right-of-way with donkey
and falling and bucking paid the
same wages as the logging camps.
The board Is fair. Camp ten
miles from Alberni to Central
Luke; 99 per cent, of the men
belong to the union. Work will
be  finished  by Feb.  1st.
FOREMAN, B. C.
(Prince Georgo District)
Blanc's Camp
Conditions still rotten, no bathhouse, no dry room or separate
quarters for kitchen staff. All
other camps west reported to be
working strictly 8-hour day with
time and one-half for overtime.
Workers ln camp still need educating.
'requested to keep away from this
place while the strike Is on.
STRIKE AT PORT ALBERNI
Following are the demands that
the members of the L. W. I. U. are
on strike for at Alberni Pacific
Lumber Company, Port Alberni,
which the mon are determined to
stick to, to the last ditch:
1. "That wo demand the wage
scale as paid since August 7, 1919,
and previous to January 1, 1920.
2. "That the company recognize the O. B. U., in that they, employ only union men.
3. "That Fellow-worker Dethaw
be reinstated lf he is willing to
accept his job again.
4. "Thot a minimum, wage of
$5 be paid to every man In camp.
6. "That apart from falling and
bucking there shall be no bonus,
piecework, etc., in this camp."
PEROW, B. 0.
Princo Georgo District
McNeil & Jennings' Camp
At a meeting of the employees
of McNeil and Jennings* tie camp
It was decided to demand an increase to 19 cents per tie and a
straight eight-hour day for day
workers. On the demands being
presonted to the employers they
agreed to concede the 19 cents per
tie on conditions that the board
should be raised 25 cents per day.
This the men refused to accept, but
Stood for their original demands,
which were granted the following
morning. Any day worker working more than eight hours In a
day for the purpose of finishing off
a load will get time and a half for
overtime.
LOMBARD, B. C.
Etrlke ou at Lombard Mills Camp
The members of the L. W. I. U.
have called a strike at this place
owing to the company discriminating against the locomotive engineer.   AU members are therefore
HAZEI/TON
Bates & Rogers
Steam shovel outfit; rotten grub;
32 men flred for complaining;
given time checks not signed, not
accepted on the train, and were
dumped off at South Hazelton
had to wait four days for next
train east, ^ by which time en
dorsement "of checks had been
wired from  Prince George.
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
Louis Creek Camp
, Conditions rotten; one house Is
double tiers on one side with
double bunks and are close to
wall. No springs and very poor
mattresses. Other side haa two
tiers of single bunks, built similar. Bunk house 28x42 feet; roof
8-inch of a raise. Fumes from
old socks and wearing apparel
from the top bunks would put to
shame the smell of poison gas
from the Hun. One bunk house
has a family of cats, apparently
using same for a play house, as
they have «o trouble in dodging
through the floor at a moment's
notice. Company has purchased
an urn instead of a bath house
for fifty men to bathe in. The
dimensions are 2 feet by 11 1-4
inches and" 8 Inches deep. Health
official haa visited camp and recommended various changes but
so far nothing has been done,
and apparently nothing will be
done until the workers force them
to  do something.
ROCKY   MOUNTAIN   HOUSE
Phoenix Lumber Co., Camp 3
This camp, reported to have a
case of smallpox; one man taken
sick before Christmas, and allowed to He ln camp till January
11, when he was moved to a dirty
old dark storeroom, where he remained until January 13, when he
died. Camp la not quarantined,,
but employment office continue
shipping men Into camp, and
once they get there, are not allowed to leave. Member states
the camp .is the dirtiest he has
ever seen. When will the health
laws be enforced?
WHITE COURT
Northern  Construction  Co.
Camp conditions fairly-good:
grub fair; men sleep in tents,
which are far better than the average bunk house In Alberta.
Firemen employed to keep fires
going during cold nights. WIU
be lots of work here next spring.
Northwest Lumber Oo.
Still on unfair list; mill supposed to start operating first of
tho year, but they have no logs
at the mill yet, and no signs of
mill being in operation for a
month or more.    ..
JENKINS ALBERTA
Reported men are sleeping In a
22x20 shack, without windows;
lantern supplies light both day
and night. Only piece of furni
ture in bunk house is the grindstone and an oil barrel that
used for a stove; 11 men occupy
this house, and then they tell you
that the Bolsheviks will destroy
the home. "Ye gods, when will
the workers wake up?"
Contributions to Winnipeg Defense
Fund Since January 7
Collections at Dempsey & Ewart
camp, Drury Inlet, as follows: O.
R. Miller, ?5; B. B. Hartness, $5;
A. Dumas, $2; F. R. Coy, $2; Dan
Lamont, $5; J. llesen, $6; G. Hawley, ?6; G. F. Conley, $2; L. Jackson, |4; F. Wilson, ?2; J. Higgins,
%-; M. Harney, $2; Nell Kerr, JE;
A, Birch, $2; S. Evanson, $2; S.
Sorenscn, {2; P. Dldrlckson, $2;
G. Caritt, $2; L. Grant, $1; J.
Simpson, *5; J. McGilllvray, fl;
P. LeClalr,  $2.
Collections' at Headquarters
Camp, as follows: W. H. Barton,
$2; Ernest E. Goldlng, fl; P. Mai-
fante, f5; Isaac Parkin, $2; Wm.
Kendall, f2; P. McLougblin, $2;
J.   N.   Brown,   fr>;   C.   V.   Dando,
General Items
Delegates' Expenses
Amount collected towards delegates' expenses to the convention,
up to Jan. 16th, in Cranbrook
district: C. N. P. Lumber Co,,
camp 2, MO; Sash & Door, Kitchener, . 40; Camp i, Yahk,
$32.50; Camp 8, Yahk, $22.50;
Staples' camp, 168.55; P. Foley,
$1; Levi Ursalescu, 32; total,
(216.56.
Unclaimed Moil
Auer, A., Anderson, W. H., Au-
tere, Anton, Byers, J., Boyllss, F„
Burens, Oil, Buttar, Bird M„ Chlsholm, Michael, Carlson, Charlie,
Camlre, Wilfred, Cormody, Thos;,
Cameron, 'John, Del, Charwick,
Cahuba, P., Chleno, Dougherty, o„
Deacon, Dalton, Deancon, Mrs.
John, Euruchp, Fransen, Otto,
Oordachuk, Alex., Gallash, P. (Jervis, F„ Hill, Lauri, Hanley, E„
Hendrigzen, H. 0„ Haapanen,
Elno, Jones, Albert V„ Jervis,
Fred, Johnston, Johnsson, G. J,,
Kemp, B., Kunk, G. it., Kllimink,
N.,' Labell, W. J., Lemolne, J. E.,
Losky, Jack, Lee, Samuel, Lordon,
James J., Lacosae, George, Matthews, A. H., MUligan, .Daniel,
Melrose, Arthur, Melberg, Robt.,
Moffat, George, Marrltt, D. W.,
Matchunas, C„ McDonald, Walter,
McConnachie, James, McNaughton,
Dewey, Nelson, Sandy, Oland, Oscar, Olsen, Alik, O'Brien, John,
O'Mera, Daniel, Ovillette, J. D„
Pelta, Mattl, Pennler, George, Peterson, Nels, Plint, J. H., Hoot,
Fred, Steens, W. H., Smelter, M.,
Shore, Wm., Siduk, George, Steves,
A., Tolo, Ole, Thompson, J. Thre-
fall, Tait, James H., Vetquoskey,
Francis, Volf, H. A., Watson, Thomas, Woolsey, Frank, White, M„
Clark, Er., Hunter, Jtlex., Kemp,
B„ Timothy, Tom, Beaudom, Alex.,
Myski,  P.,  Selenlus, George.
Notice
Please note that on Jan:   16th,
E.   Mutch  was  elected  secretary-
treasurer of the Nelson district In
succession  to R.  Barrow,
Unclaimed Compensation Cheques
The following is a list of unclaimed compensation cheques due to
workers in the lumber industry In B. C. Members applying to the board
for same must give the name of the employer:
WANTED
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
of Joe Gist, who was recently employed at the Bellmont Surf inlet
Mines, Ltd., please Inform Vanoouver headquarters?
Moscow—Only one case of cholera has been reported in Russia.
In Petrograd since June 15 as the
result of a vigorous campaign
against-the scourge made by the
commissar of public health vaccination has been made obligatory
in the red army.
Amsterdam—As the result of
frequent strikes, the building,
printing and metal workers of
Holland have doubled their wages,
The diamond workers have more
than douBled their pay.
Madrid—The gas, water and
electric workers haev threatened
a general sympathetic strike unless the demands of the striking
street car men are granted.
Hank's Hired Man says: Seein'
the way terbacker's goln' up, it
ain't a weed any more—It's an exalted vegetable.
f2; 4. Miner, f2; H. G. Blackball,
$2; Hans Melander, f6; Richard
Carlson, $6; A. Peel, 92.50; O.
Westermack, f5; Percy Carter, f2;
S. Matheson, fl; Ed. Parkin, fl;
P. Colin, f2; J. Dalby, |2; Frank
Murtzell, $2.50; C. Bright, f2; Joe
Coulson, fl; F. Lakum, f3; A,
McDonald, f4; J. Acton, fl; P.
Audot, f2; E. Grlndrod, f2; Nick
Bish, f2; Willis Jones, f5; L.
Stevens, $2; T. Mauich, fl; J.
Mason, fl; G. Nairn, f2; Robt.
Milne, fl; L. G. Bliss, f2.
Miscellaneous contributions: J,
Mard, flO; Harry Dicks, fu; Wm.
Sholdra, $5; A. Dohlgran, f4; E.
Basco, f3; A. Shearing, f3; Ellas
Bosco, |2; F. Watson, f2; Robt.
Bell, f2; Ben Mackived, fl; J.
Giovanni,   fl.    Total,   $284.1.0.
Minutes of Business Meeting
THOMPSON SOUND
Mainland Cedar Co.
Conditions ln camp ont any too
good. Food average; 42 men In
camp; 8 bunk houses, double
deckers; 8 double bunks in each
shack, 14x30. The camp Is on a
float, a mile to walk to work.
Enamel dishes to eat out of; tomato cans for sugar bowls, and
tin knives and forks. About time
that a new cook house was built,
MYRTLE POINT
Camp A
A meeting was held, and the
following demands were made and
presented to the oompany:
Moved and seconded; "That the
Minutes  of  Vancouver
meeting,  held  on Snday,  January
25th, of the h. W. I, U„ at headquarters.
Acting Socretary W. A. Alexander called the meeting to order
at' 2 p. in,
Fellow Worker Grlder elected
chairman.
Minutes of previous meeting not
approved.
Moved and seconded, "that lt
is the feeling of members present
that the convention proceedings
were illegal;" Twenty-one for, j
against, 18.
Executive  Committee's  Report
Aotlng Secretary Alexander read
the following report, which waa
not concurred In:
Present, Fellow Workers George,
Labell and Anderson.
Committee report having reinstated H. Sandick Into the organization, after he had appeared before them and explained his actions with reference to Duncan
Bay strike. He expressed regret,
and undertook to stand by the
Union in the future.
W. A. Alexander was appointed
to take the place of the secretary
whilst he was away attending the
O. B. U, convention.
The committee instructed that
organizers should be sent out as
frequently as circumstances permit. Fellow Workers Cowan, Mcknight, Hansen, Keane, Labell,
Balrd, G. A. Clark and Lamont
have been sent east.
Hospital committee reported
having visited hospitals on Fridays, AH told 47 members In
hospitals; cigarettes, candy and
fruit  was  distributed,  and  other
businessfmatters that different patients
needed, was attended to. Report
accepted.
Acting  Secretary's Report
Ballots would be malted out
this week, and the full report of
the convention was now ready for
the printers; literature and supplies were being sent out to districts as quickly as the ofllce staff
could get them out.
The strike at headquarters
Camp 1, had been settled satisfactorily  on  the  22nd  inst.
An advertisement appearing ir
the Province, for experienced loggers and buckers, was reported to
have been inserted by the Thiel
Detective Agency, apparently for
the purpose of securing agents
provocateurs. Report accepted,
Financial Report
Statement from Jan. 9th to Jan.
23, 1920: Cash on hand, Jan 0,
$4914; received Bince, f8836.31;
expenses, $6036.55, leaving a balance on hand, Jan. 23, of f2714.49.
New Business
Moved    and    secondded,    "that
names of patients in hospitals be
published weekly, also  where  injured   and   nature   of   Injuries.
Carried.
Moved and seconded, "That list
of unclaimed mail held at headquarters be Inserted In The Federatlonist weekly."   Carried.
Good of tho Order
A discussion on the best method for organizing the workers
In order that the rank and file
shall control the organization took
place.
Meeting adjourned at 8:45 p.m.
UNCLAIMED CHEQUES DEPOSITED
Amount
f 6.60
.86
2.00
% 25.25
68.75
6.33
20.00
28.85
72.19
Claim Nt
Name.
1414
Allison, Samuel
-
Anderson, Edward
25793
Anderson, Andro
43032
Alias, Alt    '
60420
Arnoll, C.
48102
Anderson,  T
49281
Anderson, 8.
46429
Anderson, O.
50420
Arnoll, C.
4408
Barlsuk, Mike
4685
BegofT, A.
14918
Begoff, A.
2304
Berglund, Eric
17454
Berona, M,
16433
Brodine( Fredolph
14898
,.             ,,
16129
Brown, W.
6992
Brown, William
22478
Burns, James
7719
Barker, J. N.
30968
Bailey, Murdock
31698
Bogle, John
35073
Brown, W. A.
36498
Basher, Simon
18946
Boo, Lee
36773
Bourke, James
42426
Baldes, Adolf
44835
Belle, Antonio
37968
Bell,  J.  D.
.7297
Cameron, John (estate of)
14625
Cannel, J.
9041
Champe, Louis
.  2678
Cunningham, John
26183
Canotelo, Mike
20416
Cosarln, Giacomo
20416
„             ,.
26245
Carlson, Gus
35090
Carlson, Gustave
35540
Collins,   Peter
30396
Calhoun, Ernest C.
10049
Cherba, Paul
137*72-2
Clnello, A.
'33994
Cabba No. 23
16242
Carlson, Gus
33416
Cameron, T.
W42
Chase, S.
36442
„  "
i«3S81
Carlson, John
47662
Chung, Jan
,18891
Do Bon, Pompeo
46876
Desjardine, John
8143
Dubeck, Alex.
286U7
Doyle, William S.
>29668
Dubensky, Fred
36334
Dango, Avenls
'36*93
Dobberthien, J. J.
'37071
Daniels, Malvln
'37446
Erickson, Andrew
51467
Ellis, E. E.
47600
Eberly, S, Ii.
8911
Flynn, J,
39354
Fausco, F.
5483
Gainer,   R.
Graveney, E.
1121
Grills, Erhest
29597
Gallagaher, Wm. George
18800
Guilmet, Louis
Gallagher, Wm,-
30869
Gon, Joe Chun
30869
„          „
37266
Gibbons, W. H.
35002
Glbllolt, J.
45128
Olllles, William C.
37400
Glroux, J.
11295
Hamilton, Leslie
2394
Hewitt, William
786
Hugo, Sam
19506
Hubert, Henry
29076
Harluck, Bill
32628
Hill,   A.
32287
Hong, Llm
42371
Harvey, Francis A.
50855
Heyd, William
45197
Hong, Ling
16108
Hclnbokel, William
6955
Ivanson, Peto
26711
Isabelle, Ell
46212
Iverson, L.
15106
Jackson, Frank
12848
Jakalolf, B.
9344
James,  Frank
11053
Jardine, J. G.
4186
Johnson, Axel
Johnson, G. W.
4849
Johnson, G. W.
8275
Johnson, Henry
13382
Johnson, Rider
1894
Johnston, Alexander H.
13105
Johnston, Olo
6085
Jones, Hugh
23406
Jenson, A. 0.
$275
Johnson,   Henry
33604
Johnson, Louis
36833
Joseph D,
45406
Joe, D.
478S8
Johnson, A,
9125
Knsoto
14420
Kean, William
11109
Knox,  Richard
15026
Kobnylshi, Kuzo
Kond, O.
' 6547
Koskl, Sam
9273
Kuchovlch, Marks
28750
Kuezevle, George
35713
Kesley, Hugh
'41458
Kosta, Alexander
38284
Kadott, H.
30780
Knox, Mandas
5J473
Kappas, J. C.
"7043
Lain, William
Lalley, Arthur W,
CS93
Leedham, Fred
'   036
i662
Lewis, Elmer B.
Ling, BUI
9007
13891
Logan, James
Longtln, Ben
0206
Lyne, Huntley
8554
Lindberg, Alex.
42593
Lemp, Andrew
6859
Luin, Lo
29746
Lung, Wong
40262
Lcydler, Morris
37527
Lee Lum
38292
Lund, Carl
34192
Luk, Fred
32448
Larsen, Louis
43404
Lynn, Thos. J.
41562
Louie, Wwong
49818
Lannon, F, J.
49167
Luoma, V.
48879
Llndall, A.
37910
.Ilclillson, Frank
15550
Miranda, W. C.
38435
Morlc, S.
42502
Massimo, J.
39054
Muclg, Frank
42.08
9.63
12.60
67.75
22.00
26^40
1.10
1.93
14.44
4.71
4.33
27.43
47.44
27.23
23".27
4.40
63.00
80.62"
13.76
16.40
21.04
7.73
4.40
31.90
3.27
6.62
6.60
17.39
13.20
9.49
1.80
12.86
4.33
7.33
10.45
1.81
9.63
2.75
• 7.56
31.19
68.30
2.20
11.45
14.85
7.70
17.91
18.93
4.13
37.00
23.10
3.30
11.55
1.44
9.17
2.00
21.45
7.03
7.22
1.75
7.56
43.86
18.08
8.80
0.03
1.00
23.38
1.10
13.74
14.43
9.90
9.08
9.63
9.35
13.75
0.68
124.62
11.65
89.33
30.74
44.00
11.55
23.10
6.00
6.55
68.30
16.09
14.37
7.51
11.69
23.10
8.59
.89
20.63
17.67
19.87
18,03
6.39
4.34
10.73
20.42
2.40
49.50
14.85
10.51
9.49
32.89
11.07
25.00
2.24
9.08
3.00
10.60
70.40
7,70
1.65
95.04
6.60
12.-51
14.85
8.80
30.25
38.13
18.03
29.70
18.89
27.23
17.33
13.75
2.33
6.05
14.43
3.61
13.48
21.18
4.95
4.13
Cheque No.
603
833*
1004
16115
29070
35903
8275C
8639
33779
3390(1
2552
2529
10345
-12087
11281
10622
10748
10540
1057*
13307
11709
17642
17708
22247
21830
12819
30tU»
27809
29657
24190
4267
8836
6213
1540
16383
16619
15626
" 1636 7
22735
22173
, 17289
10538
23155
20865
1062
19744
27102
27311'
28012
33097
8878
1282'
8621
17990
17635
20538
25200
31310
27292
36106
33022
7698
24070
3011
1484
469
16442
17614
7923
18543
18184
23179
23391
311782
11092
8527
2853
1831
15758
17233
19396
1801
2785
33580
30790
28706
2949
10263
29571
9682
8361
6813
6985
3148
107
2316
12261
7901
3477
10108
3346
13826
13211
18848
22617
29854
342S1
(362
12359
7698
9624
li
3547
6812
16081
23328
27749
26308
6116
35604
11320
392
8577
762
6047
6706
10064
3219
7411
27119
14443
25096
26103
23379
22938
20938
20933
2928
27123
33539
32576
33464
23434
11106
28764
29347
20624
40304
44543
24029
394
3692
9274
26408
32708
10276
8667
8717
42490
42490
11538
2638
11974
28418
26479
364
19109
17897
6744
2642
1010
5069
2360
838
1621.
340
879
23489
23019
23687
23687
33783
23425
Martin, Chas.
Murak, P.
McCormlck, John
MeDougall, Jack
MeDougall, W.
McKenna, J.
McKenzie, Dan
McDonald, J,
Nazzereno, P. P.
Newman,. Joe
Nogaml,  K.
Newkirk, W. H.
Newkirk, W. H.
Nlkltlsh, W.
OlBon, V.
Osborg (Oskeg), Gus
Oakleaf, Oscar
O'Reilly, Timothy
Olson, P.
Pariseau, L.
Parron, Emil
Peel, Edward
Peterson, John
Peterson,. John
Petrlski, Mike
- Petroschuk, Joe
Pierce, Chas. D.
Pillnskl, 8.
Poles, Joe
Prices, James
Prodonuk, Alexander
Pares, Harry
Park,  J.
Palamar, Alex.
Falomar, Alex.
Page, Percy
Powell, Thos.
(DeL)
14611       Que, Wong
14293
14858
11998
19456
40493
32899
45863
48153
234
5467
13242
4137
6419
23737
9901
12513
575
19824
30708
16790
13195
38063
26950
35854
34214
34315
40233
41639
44453
53143
52033
34960
49031
5458
15803
31512
45561
28802
48615
48015
52920
50789
46624
49804
49441
Reuper, Frederick W.
llomaniskl, Mike
Rowcliffe, Nelson
Rice, Enoch
Rau, Hans
Robertson, N.
Reed, F. E,
Rosl, E.
Samaral, Joe.
Santos,  E.
Sechko, John
.Sion], Paul
Smiley, Nell M.
Smith, John
Stnder, William
St. Agean, Joseph
Steel,  Charles
Stookland, Alfred
Strossmun, William
Sawadn,  I.
Singh, Sunda
Sing, Yee
Sabo, Stlf
Smith, Samuel
Sudak, John
Singh,   Omar
Stewart, Donald
Stewart, G.
Shand, Faker
Soda, Dominic
Singh, H.
Scott, J.
Stlnson, R,
Smith, J. T.
Tomchuck, Jacob
Turnbull, Henry
Tncuma, B.
Tucker, Charles
Tonlck, Nick
Taggart, J. H.
Toy,  Wong
Tuakka, H.
Tremblay, P.
Tapp, J.
Turner,  Thos.
40618       Yulcano,  N.
5433
17321
10269
6262
22082
28595
28108
31132
48723
48616
48310
62263
6816
48618
Walden.  Charles
WIdlund, Carl
Williams, John A.
Wilson, Honry
Warner, William
Watltins, Arthur Lewis
Webb,  Paul
Williams, John
Wultors, T.  E.
Wilson, B.
Wagner,  P.
Wlllmon,  H.
Young, Otto
Yuen, O.
(6.10
261J1
43.24
29811
14.03
140S1
4.13
IU   '
(2.48)
1211
12.38     .
5616
6.23
143U
110.00
31111
1.82
545J
17.33
42(1
17.88
4666
6.60
279(1
4.40
27(41
88.36      .
266(1
18.70
1188
30.04
8881
3.03
20(21
82.50
18821
15.00
7(64
1.66
124(7
39.60
13801
24.20
14887
46.20
10(06
8.00
977
11.00
3662
9.90
258
9.90
3423
13.61
25(8
11.69
1117
27.91
1160
.72
81
9.10
1090
18.77
1453*
80.16
14843
.88
15221
3.37
15888
28.06
20(69
2.93
20859
37.48
• 18371
33.00
9194
13.61
9575
14.85
7546
271.16
13408
5.20
25398
.4.68
24396
9.90
31678
61.60
32699
1.73
1220
8.06
2381
1.03
8109
. 14.44
3366
27.23
8227
13.07
14192
46.38
8625
74.25
10261
33.00
8261-
16.00
1138
9.02
13450
3.60
18250
2.27
8978
36.44
8752
19.25
25820
28.60
15960
1.61
22857
25.71
22001
11.00
20838
16.73
25190
4.22
30631
12.24
28901
21.18
35822
60.50
34883
17.63
21857
23.07
33703
10.73
2382
68.85
11942
6.19
17531
11.00
.30227
20.57
27198
1.65
32321
8.25
31627
4.05
36311
18.03
33701
2.64
31336
1.51
32934
.  51.44
36528
7.70
31880
12.62
3820
21.18
11372
3.51
10680
3.48
3270
6.60
14302
3.19
17234
2.20
18771
33.00
19650
11.00
33774
35.20
33570
6.19
32819
.80
34797
40.33
1-1.30
6571
32324
Members  in  thc   Hospital
Room or
St.  Pauls  Hospital Ward
Harry Vczina     32
W.  Seymour     32
A. Bclfangcr    36
Geo. Hunt     103
Kama  Lunsclh     406
Walter  Head     406
J. McOflllH    407
T,  D.  Thompson  407
McGrath    407
N. Nelson   408
Nels Suthcrlund    409
•L.  1.nlmn  414
M.  Dolan    •• —
Joo  Domon     *—
W. Friday    415
A.  Cox     —
Alex, Radka  —
Joseph Furgea    —
Joe Wlllett    A2
Mike Korpi     E
Geo.   Gosnukks     E
Tom   Cottrell     E
Tom Wood    E
J.   Logan     E
Geo.   Slliniu.s     H
Andy  Bergman     H
Davo   Rowell    *  T
M.   O.  Welde     I
Peto   Ekenberg     S
T.  Pierce     S
Sieve  Anderson     S
J.   Coriar     S
Mike White  8
J.  Davis     S
Chas. French     8
N. Brick navltch     S
Gordon   .Mcikle     T
Ed, Graahni  T
Miko Woran     T
E.   Gustafson , *—o
C,  Wiermun     —
E.   A.   McMillan     O
P.  Krawchuck     O
Roy Duncan     W
Dan   O'Brien     X
NOTICE
J. Jonson, at Crawford's camp,
Swanson Bay, from Prince Georga
district,- died on Jan.  17th Inst.
A member named Chris Peterson was killed in the woods at
Sechelt, B. C.
WANTKD
Any one knowing the address
of Dan Magnet, K. M. 47, or P.
MoQuade, K Mc73, please inform
Vancouver headquarters,
DIRECTORY OF DISTRICT OFFICES
Cranbrook, B. 0 J, H. Thompson... Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0.........J. L. Peterson Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Melton, B. 0 R. Barrow General Delivery
Princeton, B. 0 R. S. Baxter Box B
Fringe Oeorge, B.0...F. Knowles Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.0...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 J. Stevenson 1424 Oov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333—101st St,
Prince Albert, Sask...W. Cowan 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont T, Mace  Box 390
Webster Hall FRIDAY January 80,  1130
I B.C.
Published overy Friday morning by The B. C.
Federatlonist, Limited
a. a WELLS...
-Mannger
Office:   Labor  Temple,  405 Dunsmuir  Btreet.
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
42.50 per year; Canada, .2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, $1.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor:  Ibe Hope of tbe World
FRIDAY...
...January 30,   1920
SOME few days ago Mr, Justice Metcalfe, the trial judge in the Winnipeg
cases, was credited with making the following statement jn connection with thc
trial: "If this was a burlesque we would
^^ bo very successful."  The
WHEELS       occasion for this remark
AND was when the entire jury
WHEELS panel was objected to by
the defense. We have no
desire at this time to take thc stand that
the trial is a burlesque, but certainly
think that the attitude of the prosecuting
counsel is more like that assumed by
actors in a comic opera, than that of sane,
aensible people entrusted with the enforcement of law and order. The reason
for forming this opinion is the latest particulars supplied to tho defense by the
chief prosecuting attorney, Mr. A. J.
Andrews, K. C. On January thc 17th the
defense demanded particulars on several
points in respect to the prosecution, and
the grounds thereof. Question No. 2
asked by the defenso was: "Whose was
the seditious intention?" The reply is a
long string of names of men from all
parts of the Dominion, men with such a
confliction of views in regard to the
labor movement that it looks more like
an Irish stew, in' which everything but
the restaurant license was included, than
anything we can think of. Question No.
3 was as follows: "When was the seditious intention originated?" In the answer the following appears:
"The Crown cannot say the exact
time  when the seditious  intention
originated but it now appears that it
had  oome into being before 1910
when Daniel de Leon drew up the
diagram of organization which Lenine and Trotzky used for establishing Soviet Government in Bussia, a
copy of which diagram   was   forwarded by Rose Henderson of Montreal to the defendant Robert B. Russell in April, 1919, which was publish-
.   ed on the first page of the issue of
the Western Labor News   of  April
25th, 1919, which weekly newspaper
was   published   by   the   Winnipeg
Trades and Labor Council, which included the accused A. A. Heaps and
others   named   above.    The   press
committee    in    charge    of    said
newspaper included the defendants
Robert B. Bussell and William Ivens
as well as E. Robinson, H. 0. Veitch,
0. Barlow and others, and of whioh
'  newspaper the accused John Queen
was advertising manager."
»        *        *
If the above is intended as a joko by
the prosecution, then   we   are   of   the
opinion that tho prosecution is lacking in
humor.   If it is intended seriously, we
oan only wonder that "those in charge of
tiie crown's case did not make a job
pf it while they were at it.   And we
would suggest that the "conspiracy" be
traced a littlo farther back to the days
When Karl Marx wrote Das Kapital, and
Fredrich   Engles   wrote   many   works
which were introduced as evidence against
Bussell, and whieh have been read by
ministers of the Gospel,  and ministers
Who do not abide by the gospel truth,
- «nd who sit in high places in the government of the country; and by men who today hold Cabinet positions, and by mon
who hold positions in the mills, mines and
workshops of this  country,  and  every
eountry in which capitalistic methods of
produetion are carried  on.   Wc would
also suggest that Lenine and Trotsky bc
subpoenaed to givo evidence, as we aro
of the opinion that Dan De Leon's wheel,
or thc plans of any other individual on
earth,   had  nothing   to   do   with   the
revolution in Russia.   Why on earth Rose
Henderson should be saddled with this
wheel of fortune we are at a loss to say.
Now wheols are tho things that make the
works go round; they make the works go
round, in a lot of things, and many workers have Trautman's wheel or some other
individual's contraptions in thcir heads,
but we never noticed any buzzing sounds
emanating from the men accusod when
thcir brains wcro working, but wc have
long suspected that there was something
in the heads of the ruling class of this
country that did not properly function,
and for that reason wo have been more
or less charitable in our estimation of the
utterances with which some members of
that class have been credited.
Turning from wheels, that is the
proper term, as wheels turn, that is if they
are oiled and properly fitted, we come
to tho following statement in tho information supplied to thc defense, as to the
manifestation of tho conspiracy:
"Prior to the Trades and Labor
Congress held in Quebec in September, 1918, it showed itself in an attempt to get control by the reds of
the'said Congress and to have resolutions passed and measures taken
looking towards and which would as-
sist in the carrying out of the seditious intention set out in the indictment; and further, on the failure to
have such resolutions passed and
measures taken by and at said Congress, the said seditious intention was
manifested in tho meeting of western
delegates during or immediately after
thc sessions of said Congress and the
resolve to call a conference in Western Canada, but in reality, of Reds,
dishonestly masquerading as labor
men, for thc purpose of imposing on
organized labor in Canada or Western Canada the I.'W. W. under the
alias of the 0. B. U. and fastening
upon organized labor tho red doctrines and the immoral, destructive
and revolutionary principles of the
Communists and Red Socialists, more
properly called the Socialist Party
of Canada, which doctrines and
principles are directed to wipe out all
sentiments of faith in God, respect
for fellow men, sanctity of marriage
and the family, lovo of countvy, regard for life and property, in a word
all principles of religion and nationality and to overturn and subvert the
present system of constitutional government of the Dominion of. Canada, by force, in order to bring about
a condition of chaos and tyranny
such as exists in Russia and to give
control of the Dominion of Canada
or a part thereof to the ambitious
conspirators under the guise of a so-
called government by tho workers,
or thc dictatorship of the proletariat.'.
* ' « _*
There is a lot more in the same strain.
One particular passage in the above recalls our attention to the fact that we
have, on a previous occasion, demanded
from the government the proof as to any
intention on the part of anybody in the
labor movement to overthrow the government by force. We again demand that
proof in the face of the statement'givun
by Mr. Andrews, K. C, prosecuting counsel at Winnipeg. We also demand to
know how, when and where, Mr. Andrews
obtained his information as to the intention of those at the Western Labor Conference to impose the I. W. W. on organized labor in this country. It would
appear to us that wheels are working in
more places than Russia, and that wheels
of fear and panic are going round with
many discordant sounds and much friction in the heads of those responsible for
the trials in Winnipeg. Dan De Leon's
wheel is less to be feared than is such machinery as is now operating in this country, and for the simple reason that no
wheel or formula can be laid down and
definitely stated that this is the form of
any labor organization or government.
Labor organizes just as it has to, not
even as it wants to, but as circumstances
compel. J. Walton Newbould, in an article
in the Socialist Review, published by Ramsay Macdonald in England, has stated
that the I. L. P. in the Old Land was the
outcome of historical conditions and
could not have happened in any other
land. The desire for a new form of organization in this country was based on
the conditions that prevailed in this country. The Lumber Workers at their recent convention went on record as prohibiting any member carrying an I. W. W.
card holding office in that organization.
Is that a dishonest attempt to impose thc
I. W. W. on Canadian labor? In fact,
the I. W. W. will not be tolerated by any
men who have a real knowledge of the
present system. They realize why it has
come into being, but recognize the futility of the policy of that organization.
The American Federation of Labor, plus
conditions in thc industrial situation are
responsible for thc   formation   of   the
0. B, U,, and not the ideas of individuals
or groups of individuals. Lenine has repudiated Dan De Leon's ideas; he has
Btated that in every country the worker
must conform to the conditions that surround them. He realizes, just^as Russell
realized, that to attempt to take any
action in Canada on the lines suggested
in the information supplied by the prosecution, would be madness, and that the
first men to put an end to his activities on
those lines would have been the very men
with whom he was associated. In summing up the contention of thc prosecution, there can only be one conclusion arrived at, and that ii that all the men
mentioned by name, all those that were
not named but are credited with seditious conspiracy, by attending tho._West-
crn Conference, and other gatherings
mentioned in the information, along with
all those who took part in the general
strike, cither in Winnipeg or any other
city, should now be arrested and suffer
thc fate of Russell. Either that or the
wheels aro not going round smoothly, and
there is something that will have to be
rectified. Were thero not underlying
tho wholo thing, a tragedy, tho arrests and
trials would be a farce, but the danger
lies in the fact that such travesties of justico can bc allowed to exist in this country.,. Danger lies in suppression.    The
1. W. W. is tho direct outcome of the denial of political freedom in the U. S. A.
The 0. B. U. stands for the maintenance
of thoso things that tend towards the
freedom of tho people. It is folly to
state that its members would attompt to
overthrow the government by force. It
was never formed for that purpose, and
if tho authorities were ou to thcir job
they would know that a conspiracy cannot be hatched in an open meoting where
the press and thc publio were free to
come and go as they wished, as they were
at tho Western Conference, where the
0. B. U. was first conceived. Tho wheels
were going round in plain view, but they
were not Dan Dc Leon's, but tho wheels
of industry and industrial development,
which compelled tho workors to see that
a new organization was a necessity.
Other wheels, however, are working, and
they are not greased by the workors.
THE first month ot 1920 has hardly
come to an end, and yet we can observe signs on the industrial horizon that
portend evil, and possibly a deal of
strife, in this province, and eventually
throughout the country
LOOKING during the coming spring
FOR and summer.    The Lum-
TROUBLE      ber Workers'   Industrial
Union has, during the
short time of its existence, done more to
mako thc conditions of thc lumber workers more agreeable, and to enable these
worke/s to live moro like human beings,
than has all tho years of begging for leg-
illation to remove the evils of lumber 'sou, Minister of Labor,
] camp life that has been carried on by the
labor organizations, such as the B. C.
Federation of L^bor and central - labor
councils. Laws that have been on Ibl',
statute books, but inoperative, have^iflj
many cases become operative owing-to.
the activities of the men on the job, ^nd
as a result the lumber interests are
aroused. The higher the standard of
living in the camps, the lower the profits
of the lumber barons of this province.
This organization is now devoting some
little attention to the lumber camps of,
other provinces, and this again is noij
looked upou with favor by the big interests. ,
»         *         *
So effective has been the organization
work carried on by the loggers, that with
a little energy and application of executive ability, it would appear that the day
of the blanket stiff was near to a close.
This will mean that tho noeessary comforts for existence in the largest industry,
or one of the largest, in the province, will
have to be supplied by the employer. This
means the distinct advancement of the
standard of living for these workers. The
raising of the standard of living by any
group or section of tbe working class
must of necessity mean the corresponding
decrease in the profits in the industry or
industries affected. The employers in the
lumber industry are not all ghouls; there
arc some who desire to see that their
workmen are allowed to livo like human
beings, and as far as lies in their power,
and the competition with other less humane employers will allow them, are doing all they can for the men in their employ. But the big interests are very busy
these days, and the usual methods of the
American captains of industry are being
adopted. The same as applies to the lumber industry, applies to the mining operations of the province. The attempt is to
be made, during the coming months, to
stamp out the Lumber Workers' Industrial Union. It has become dangerous to
the interests of the lumber barons of thc
province and country. It has served the
interests of the camp workor, and having
done that, it must conflict with the interests of the employing class. Hence the
stamping out policy. The commencement
of the campaign is the employment of
labor spies in all logging and mining camps. The methods of securing
these agents for this famous industrial
spy system are, however, a little crude,
and there has been little difficulty in
learning of the activities that are goinj*
on. Laboring people are not all fools,
and can at times play the game of floii
tective and learn all they wish to knowi
from those who are supposed to be vcrHed'|
in the game of setting traps to catch the
unwary. It is sufficient to spy, how^ldrf
at this time, that we are in possession b!
sufficient information to warrant"'ul
stating that thc system of espionage is
being conducted on a large scale in both
the mining and logging camps.
» ♦     .   *
Now, stool pigeons, no matter where,
employed, whether it be in the polities
or the industrial sphere, are paid for the
information or misinformation that they
can supply to thcir employers, who are
not necessarily the heads of a detective
agency, but may be the heads of an industrial outfit, or a political party or government. Wo have already had a sample
of the stool pigeon in the pay of thc government in connection with labor organizations, and which was exposed at Winnipeg and also at Vancouver. In the in-
dustral concerns, the information that
is desired is aa to the activities of thc
activo members of the labor organizations. By this method those who are
anxious to see better conditions, and who
realize that these can only be gained by
organization of the workers, and consequently endeavor to build up the organizations of the workers, can be detected and eliminated by tho blaek list
route. Discrimination can bo carried on,
and the obnoxious person removed from
the sphere of influence. Naturally any
man employed as a stool pigeon will endeavor to deliver something that he
thinks the people that employ him desire. If it is not just as he would like it,
it is an easy matter for a man with an
imagination to manufacture the "information" that is sought. It is also possible to stir up trouble in order to secure
the desired end. This is thc work of the
agent provocateur. This type of individual has caused moro trouble and
bloodshed in industry in tho country to
the south of us than have all the agitators
that ever existed in the ranks of organized labor. The memory or Orchard,
and other notorious labor spys in the
U. S. A. has not bcen forgotten by those
who have followed the operations of these
individuals in the industrial life of that
country. How they were used to break
up tho Western Federation of Miners in
that country, owing to the strength of
that organization, and the crimes that were
committed by these thugs and mental ahd]
moral degenerates. And how finally after1
one of tho worst struggles that ever took
place on thc American continent the work*
ers were beaten by the use of the military,
forces, and the organization disrupted..
The loggers and the miners of this province are members of the 0. B. U., °m
largely so. The objeot of this organisa-'
tion is to secure the best possible cijtt-i
ditions and wages for its members. ~t\
has no desire for trouble. It will on every
possible occasion do all' that can bo done
to secure concessions from the employers without strife, but will not retreat
from a fight if there is no other way.
But the discriminatory methods whioh
are evidently to be adopted will be resisted to the utmost, and therein lies the
danger of troublo, .
* * »
The attempt has been made to drive
tho miners back into the International.
It has, however, failed. Tho coal operators have stated that they had the government behind them in the move.' This
is borne out by Coal Commissioner Armstrong's order No. 141, which provided
for tho compulsory check-off to that organization; and Senator Gideon Robert-
has  been   ao-
E
Queensland   Labor  Government Buying Two
More Ranches
The Queensland Labor government, Australia, which U the only
Australian government that haa
successfully tackled the meat profiteer by entering Into active competition against htm, has further
extended its cheap meat scheme
by purchasing two more large
cattle ranches—Monomby (93,500
acres), and Calabar (50,000
acres) "Both these ranches are in
the western part of the State—
the former carrying at the time of
purchase, 2200 head of cattle, and
tha latter a somewhat lesser
amount. The'Labor government
of Queensland now has some 20
ranches supplying cattle and sheep
for its cheap meat shops in that
State, thus eliminating the mid
dlemen altogether. By this means
it is able to retail meat at prices
60 per cent, below that asked by
private butcher Bhops.
The Hague—An elaborate programme of reform ln Labor conditions has. been, granted by the
government under pressure of the
22 Socialist members of the chamber, who represent one-fourth of
the voting power. Provisions for
the 45-hour week passed both
chambers! unanimously, and a pen
sion and sickness insurance has
been provided, which will cost the
employers $25,000,000 a year.
Give a little encouragement to our
advertisers.
ANNOUNCE TOUB NAME WHEN
ANSWERING THE TELEPHONE
• How do 70V answer yoar telephone?
Do you flay "HelloI" or do yoa u*
nonneo your name or the asms of
your Ann! It you say "Hello," do
you notice how the person calling will
then ask, "Is that Mr. Blank speaking."
Why not extend the coortoiy ot
announcing yoar name in the firat
placet It eliminates the necessity of
additional enquiry and facilitates your
telephone service.        -* *
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
At Hw Etpprcag
The greatest play bf itB kind
ever written, or probably that ever
will be written is "The Eternal
Magdalene," which wilt be presented next week by the Empress
Stock Company, and the wonderful story which has awe Inspired
millions of people throughout the
English-speaking world, will teach
its wonderful moral tp local theatre goers next week. There Is
probably no other play written
that defines the good, and the
bad in such a straightforward,
convincing menner as does "The
Eternal Magdalene," and its won-,
derful pathos that touches the Innermost recesses of every heart*
makes, it remembered for many
years to oome. In Boston, where
this great play was preesnted a
few weeki ago, a special matinee
was given for high school girls,
and thousands were turned away,
unable to gain admission, so.the
company gave a special performance in the big auditorium to accommodate the people. Edythe
Elliott, who made such a tremendous hit in the star part, will demonstrate to the Empress patrons
what a remarkuble dramatic across she is. Evory one should see
this wonderful play next week,
and if you have not already se-
cuced your seats, you had better
do so now, for it Is sure to be
one of teh season's greatest attractions. _      '
o
RPHEUM
THEATRE1U
IHE HOME OF 0000
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2.30
Evening* 8,20
EMPRESS
 Phon. Seymour lies
NEXT WEEK
The Eternal Magdalene
Most extraordinary play ol its
kind ever written.
EDYTHE ELLIOTT   la  a   gnat
emotional part.
A play every man and woman
should see.
PANTAGES
* NEXT WEES
HILL'S COMEDY CIRCUS
Samanoff Trio        Bob Albright
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for Week End Buying
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1.00 Dorina Face Powder  .64
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phites    _ _ QO
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2.00 Palmer's 1'in.Uiun Hair
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3.75 Horlick's Malted Milk  2.98,
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Acid, Sulphur, Borax, Camphorated Chalk, 05
Palm Olive Soap 3 (or 25 o.   Limit, 1
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Garden Court Face Powder,  75c por
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Garden   Court   Donblt   Combination
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Garden   Court   Bensoin   and   Almond
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Ti
DIAMOND JEWELLERY
GREATLY REDUCED!,
Before we take stock wc are offering at greatly
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Each piece Is of first-otass quality—gliafahteed In every
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ean flnd a piece to suit them.
See these beautiful pieces ln our window*
Oeo. E. Trorey
Managing Dlr.
'tyfr
Oranvllle and
Oeorgia sts.
NSTARQUE!
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
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Price the lowest possible consistent with
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-Tm*
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at both stores
J. W. Foster
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DO Ton _____ IO EHJOT LITE
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Joint Savings Aoconnt
A JOINT SeTUia Aeeonnt uay bt
opened tt Tbt Btnk of Toronto
la tht nut of two or mon
pnaoat. In tkeat tccoonta oitber
Party may eign obeqnea or depoelt
■oner. Ye, at liferent memben
of a family or a Srra a Joint account
le often t treat convenience. Intereat
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VANCOUVEB, B, 0,
THE
BROTHERHOOD    HOI78B
138 Abbott Street.
Snnday, 8. p.m.  Doom Open
1:80 p.m.
MEN'S   BROTHERHOOD
"The Health of a Oreat Oity"
Speaker
DR. F. T. UNDBRHILL, C.H.O.
Soloist—MRS.  SMITH
Discussion—Eevcrybody Invited
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
mo Georgia stmt
Bundo? aorvlcee, 11 a.m. aad 7.80 pjt
Sunday aohool immediately following
morning servioe. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. tttee roading room,
(01-903  BIrke   Bldg.
quaintcd with the stand taken by the
mlnei's. It is also evidently the intention
of the lumber interests to break the lumber workers' organization. It is the intention of the employers in all industries
to liring into being on the Pacific Coast,
the open shop, and the consequent effort
to lower-wages, which always follows the
establishment of the shop that is closed
to organized labor. It is also the intention to endeavor to smash the 0. B. U.
in this country, and in this the employers are, and have bcen, backed by the
government. Senator Robertson's publie
statements are ample proof of this. But
organizations are not stamped out becauso some people would like IJicm to be,
or if that were so there would bo no
labor organizations today. Conditions
brought the 0. B. U. into existonce, and
the conditions responsible for its inception still remain. So far as the workers of Canada sre concerned there has
been for a long time a great deal of dissatisfaction with the Internationals. They
have not filled the needs of the workers,
and have become obsolete, and not in
keeping with the development of industry
and more than that they are corrupt and
reactionary. They are ruled by an autocracy that will not be tolerated by men
who have any idea as to freedom in their
own organizations. They oan never become a power in this country. The O.B.U.
has come to stay and all the stool pigeons,
all the'agents provocateurs and thugs,
and employers animosities will not destroy
it. But those people that are of the opinion that all labor troubles are the work
of agitators in the ranks of the workers,
if they wish to see peace in the industries
of this provinoe and this Dominion, should
serve notioe on the employers that the
methods of the Qarys the Rockefellers,
and other American industrial kings, will
not be tolerated in this country. Thoy
should-inform the government that an
American form of organization dominated
by jesuitieal influences shall not be fastened on the workers of this oountry without protest. We would also warn workers, in all parts of the country to beware
of the agents provacatcurs, and not to fall
into traps that may bc laid for them by
these despicable, contemptible scum of the
earth. In conclusion we would like to inform the "Public"—that section of tho
community that no one seems to be able
to locate—or to definitely place, and
which is supposed to be ground between
capital and labor—that unless they take
note of the activities of the big interests
in this province, and take some stand on
the matter of organization disrupting, that
industrial peace is likely to bc badly shattered in the months that are to come, and
it won't be the workers that started the
trouble.
The returned men in Victoria are advocating an unemployed parade, and
great indignation is being expressed at
tho new form of bread line. Incidentally
they are remembering the promises mado
as to re-establishment. One thing is sure,
they have bcen re-established in the bread
line, for that is all that the lino up for unemployed donation ia,
We always Kad a suspicion that Tom
Moore, president of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada was worth watching. After the eulogy of the Vancouver
Daily Sun on Monday we are sure that
he will stand a lot of investigation by men
of the rank and file of the working class.
Every knock in the daily press to a labor
man is a boost, and every boost a knock.
Sam Oompers reached the 70th anniversary of his birthday this week. The allotted span of life is supposed to be three
score and ten, but somo men's minds die
before their bodies, and whilo Sam is no
fool, we are afraid that his mind has wandered into channels not controlled by the
toilers of the U. S. A. If his mind has not
lost its usefulness as a thinking apparatus,
it has certainly got sidetracked from the
working class road to freedom.
Anybody that opposes, or will not crawl
to the tune of the present aggregation in
charge at Ottawa, is in these days a "Bolsheviki." Even returned men, who have
no strings to them, are so assailed by the
press that supports the Ottawa government. The latest to oome under the ban
is David Loughnan, editor of the Veteran,
published at Ottawa. The Ottawa Journal, a supporter of the present aggregation of incompetents at Ottawa, in a
lengthy editorial, accuses Loughnan of all
manner of things, and he is most severely
taken to task because of his evident antagonism to the government. Referring to
tho Veteran, the Journal says that for a
time it was fair, and then Mr. Loughnan
sucoccdod Mr. Stevenson, and the temper
of tho Veteran changed. Evidently Mr.
Stevenson did not criticise tho government, as the Journal goes on to criticise
Mr. jjoiigliiinn for his criticisms of tht
government. Referring to the advocacy
of the Veteran for a peopled political
party, the government organ says: "Then
have bcen appeals for a people's party
to be formed in this country on tho Bolsheviki principle of the exclusion of the
Bourgeoise, appeals for a political alliance of the farmers, tho labor men and
the returned soldiers. Te Gods, sedition
in high places, What a terrible thing if
those horrible labor men should line up
with the returned soldiers and turn the
present government out at the next election. Nay, nay, David, you would nover
be so unkind to a government that haa
been so liberal to your comrades who are
now lined up in Vancouver in a camouflaged bread lino, Perish the thought.
pa-
The Vancouver Daily Sun, a "newspa
per" published in Vancouver, and one of
the loudest and most insistent advocates
of law and order, and doughty opponent
of anarchy, in one of its most charitable
moments on Saturday last had the follow*
ing to say:
Rumor has it that the Italian government is preparing to silence d'An-
nunzio. The only way it can be done,
is to shoot him.
There are some editors in this country
that wo would like to see summarily dealt
with, but would never suggest that they
should be shot, as that is anarohistio and
contrary to our ideas of law and order,
but if we could meet out punishment to
thom, we would compel them to read the
drivel that they inflict on a long-suffering
public . gRIDAY..■,..-.. .January 80,  1»20
TWELFTH TEAR.    No.  6
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouve?, b. o.
PAGB J1V1
1890-
 1920
30th ANNIVERSARY
Clearance Sale
CLOSES SATURDAY, JANUARY 3firt
MEN'S WINTER OVERCOATS MUST GO
AU Onr Winter Overeoats 10 Fer Cent. Reduction
MEN'S BUBBERIZED COATS-»25, .30 and .32- Ann mm
To clear at  . <J>ZZt / «)
'MEN'S SHIBTS-Colored SMrto, soft and hard ouffs. #1   am
Beg. »1.78 to .2.60.  To clear $1.45
MEN'S SWEATER COAT8-A range at .5 to .7.50.   Ai   EA
To clear j. _ _..;_ $4e«>U
ALL BOIS' OVEBOOATS at 20 per cent, discount"
A Big Reduction on several lines of Boys' Suits
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
309   HASTINOS   STBBBT   VEST
'1
Red Europe
By Frank Anstey, M.P.
aV
The most startling statement on the European
situation extant. The facts disclosed in this book
show the ruling class as it really is. All that
went on underneath the cry oi patriotism is here
revealed.
The part played by Gompers, Hyndman, Victor Fisher and the social traitors is vividly depicted. Fascinating as a novel. Invaluable to
the propagandist and the student;
&Oo Single Copies—Bundles ol ten and op, SOc each.
Cash mnst accompany all orders.
E. McLEOD
401 Pender East
Vancouver, B. C.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED IMS
Capital Authorized	
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets	
..$ 25,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
...$ 17,000,000
...$460,000,000
590 branchei In Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei,
Alio branohei in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Cornor Hastings and Homer Streots.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets,
Corner (irafivillc and Bobson Streets.
Cornor Bridge Street aad Broadway West.
Cornor Cordova and Carrall Stroota.
Corner Granville and Dnvie Streets.
Cornor Granvillo nud Seventh Avenue West,      I
1050 Commercial Drive.
Cornor Seventeenth Avonue and Main Street.
2010 Tew Stroot.
Cornor Eighth Avenuo and Main Street.
Hudson Streot, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Avenue Branch,
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
SPBOIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens nn account on which interest is paid half-yearly
at current ratos.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vanconver Branch
, It waa rather more than ten'
years ago that the phrase was
first sprung upon us all. There
was some conference In London to
promote tho uhitf of the Empire,
or of the world. At one of the dinners appropriate to so harmonious
an occasion, the diners were seated at separate tables according to
the main political divisions oft the
time—Liberals at some tables, Conservatives or Imperialists at others.
Lord Rosebery had been Invited
to display his celebrated tact by
pleasing all, and he succeeded. He
succeeded so well ln pleasing each
set of tables In turn that a deaf
man could have conjectured the
purport of his remarks by watch
ins; the faces or the applauding
hands of this group or that At
last he began to apeak of the ominously Increasing armaments In
Kurope and this oountry, how In
calculable waa the waste,' how
hideous the prospect. Raising both
hands high above his head, as hia
manor was, ho cried In prophetic
tones, "We are all rattling into bar
Jjarism!" The Liberal tablos
shouted applause; the Imperialist
tables sat glum.
Words Fulflllcd
And now the words of the pro
phet are fumiled. We have rattled, or, as the army would say, we
have been rattled, Into barbarism.
History shows no parallel to' the
present condition of Europe since
the Empire of the Caesars failed
to maintain the Roman Peace, and
for generation after generation
horde after horde of barbarians
crept and intruded and climbed
Into the urbane precincts of ancient grapdeur, and roamed with
luxurious palaces and shining tem
pies beyond the dreams ot their
savagery. Or, If some lesser parallel is sought, lt can only bo found
among the ruins of Central Europe
during the final stage of the Thirty
Tears' War, when, as Rawson Gardiner tells us ln his history:—
"Outrages of unspeakable atrocity wero committed everywhere. . . . Even apart from
Its excesses, the war itself was
terrible enough. When Augsburg was besieged by the Imperialists, after their victory at
Nordlingen, it contained an Industrious population of 70,000
souls. After a siege of seven
months, 10,000 living beings,
wan and haggard with famine,
remained to open the gates to
the conquerors, and the great
commercial city dwindled Into a
country town." '
And of the final peace the same
great historian writes:—
O. W. HtAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. O.
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Hastings St., Wert, Off GENERAL PASSENOEE DEPABTMBM*.
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PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
vWdRKERSUNiON
UNIOf^TAMP
Named Shoei are frequently made
in Non-union faotoriei
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
No matter what its name, unleu
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not uoept toy excuse for absence of ths Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
StB SUMMER STBBBT, BOSTON, MASS.
COLLIS LOVELY, Quern Fmldint—OHAS. L. MINE, Gaunt 0ee.-Tteea.
Wbat a Peaco
"What a peace it was when it
really came at lastl Whatever
life there was under that deadly
blast of war had been attracted
to tho camps. ... In tho
later yeara of the war lt was
known that a body of 40,000
fighting men drew along with lt
a lothsome following of no less
than 140,000 men, womon, and
children, contributing nothing to
the efficiency of the army, and
all of them living at the expense
of the miserable peasants who
still contrived to hold on to their
ruined fields. If these were to
live, they must steal what still
remained to be stolen; must devour, with the insatiable hunger
of locusts, what yot remained to
be devoured.' . . . Germany
lay for a time ln the insensibility of exhaustion."
Parallel Today *
That description holds for the
present day, but the ruin extendi
far beyond the limits of what
was Germany then. It involves
all the Germany of last year, all
the Austrian Empire of the Thirty
Years' War, nearly the whole of
Russia together with Poland, the
lesser bordering States, and the
Balkan nationalities which then
were provinces of the Turkish Empire; to say nothing of the regions
in France, Belgium, and Italy.
Who will ever recount the "outrages of unspeakable atrocity"
still being committed upon the
frontiers of eastern and southeastern Europo? Once more we sei
those "bodies of fighting men'
passing like locusts over the face
of the land, living at the expense
of miserable peasants, and adding
devastation to devastaed homes.
Czecho-Slovaks only recently withdrawn from Russia, Roumanians
only recetnly, lf even yet, with'
drawn from Hungary with tho
spoils of their piratical brigandage,
Bermond's body of fighting men
still established ln Courland,
D'Annunzio'a body of fighting men
still established at Fiume. Again
we see great commercial cities, like
Vienna and Buda-Fest, fast dwindling Into country towns; and again
there Is a proletariat and a peasantry which must steal what remains to be stolen and devour what
remains to be devoured. .
Civilization Is Cause and Cm*
Ono of Edward Carpenter's best
booka is called "Civilization, its
Cause and Cure." We need not
here consider the "Cause," but,
throughout the greater part of
Europe, what we used five years
ago to regard as civilization seems
ln a fair way to be cured. "He died
cured," said the doctor of hii patient In the satirist's story; and
on those' terms tho oure of clvllisa.
tlon is likely to be oomplete. One
observes especially the collapse of
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
MODEL CAFE
Meals of the Best—Prices
Right
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St W.
Near tha Loggers' HaU
'city Ufe, and, after all, tt Is In cities
that civilization' finds Its being and
expression, as the very word for
it implies. What is meant by civilization has never been reached by
an'entirely agricultural or pastoral
people, occupied in their corn,
their cabbages, their sheep, and
the charms of Chloe. A poet may
call their state too happy, did they
but know tt, but it is not what Is
meant by civilization, and a poet
reduced to their condition would
know his unhappiness fast enough,
It is in oities that civilization centres, and some of the most famous
cities of Europe are fading away,
or lie ln the insensibility of exhaustion. No doubt, ther* are
many reasons for such decay, but
our old friend Adam Smith expounds one among the chief.
Speaking of the overthrow.of Roman civilization, to which we have
referred, he says:—
"The confusions which followed so great a   revolution   lasted
for several  centuries.    Tha  rapine and violence which the barbarians exercised against the ancient inhabitants, Interrupted the
commerce between the towns and
the   country.     The   towns were
deserted and the western provinces of Europe, which had enjoyed a considerable  degree  of
opulence under the Roman Empire, sank into the lowest state
of poverty and barbarism."
The reason he finds under his main
law of "The Natural Progress of
Opulence," and Indeed lt is obvious:—
Coupntry Supplies tbe Town
"The great commerce of every
civilized society is that carried
on between the Inhabitants of
the town and those .of the country. It consists ln the exchange
of rude for manufactured produce, either Immediately or by
the intervention of money, or of
some sort of paper which represents money. The country supplies the town with the means of
subsistence, and the materials of
manufacture. The town repays
this supply by sending back a
part of the manufactured produce to the inhabitants of the
country. .... The gains of
both are mutual and reciprocal."
It seems a simple process. At
all events cities and civilization are
founded upon it. But what if the
country which supplied the rude
produce is cut off from the city?
What if thd city has no manufactured produce to exchange? What
if there is no money to help the
exchange by its intervention, and
no sort of paper which represents
anything better than paper? Many
of the noblest cities of Europe—
true centres of all civilization—
have to answer all those three
questions now. They are cut off
from the countries that used to.
supply thslr food and rude produce. For want of coal and engines, they have no manufactured
produce to exchange for anything
that the remaining country districts could supply. What is more,
they are cut off from the rude
produce they used to draw from
other nations and across the sea;
they are cut off, partly by a hostile
blockade, partly because they have
nothing to give in exchange. They
have no money valuable In Itself,
as gold and silver always will be
so long as women like to wear
them; and they have no paper
representing money even to their
own country people. Uncivilized
barter has become the only exchange. Xn one great ■ city Professor Goode, the distinguished correspondent of the Manchester
Guardian," wanted to buy sugar
and offered paper money. "That's
no good," said the seller, "I have
pounds weight of that. Give me
salt and I'll give you sugar." There
is something sweetly primitive in
such barter, but it wants a lot of
pockets lf you have to carry aU
«>ur exchangeable goods with you.
And how about the higher products of civilization? How much
sugar would one of our po%ts get
for a oopy of a sonnet or a yard
of vers Ilbre ? How much salt
would a Royal Academician get for
ten square feet of painting? Hardly a pinch in the open market, we
suppose.
Simple and Obvious
Suoh reason for the collapse of
city civilization'are simple and obvious, but there are others more
obscure. In all great cities there
have been large classes that have
not lived by the exchange of manufactured produce, nor by the sale
of their art or learning, but by the
manipulation of finance, by the receipt -of Interest on foreign loans,
or by the exploitation of foreign
mines, railways, and steamboat
lines in Turkey, Mexico, China,
Persia, and Tsarist Russia. What
now becomes of all the financiers,
speculators, rentiers, and bankers
in such cities as Frankfurt, Berlin, Vienna, Buda-Pest, Warsaw,
Petrograd, Moscow, or Constantinople? London, Paris, Rome and
Madrid do not escape. In all the
cities of Europe, the exchange Is
down. In some lt Is down to almost nothing. In others the whole
system of credit and intereat and
stocks and shares has vanished like
a vision faded. At the beglning of
the war people used to laugh at
Mr. Norman Angoll and think that
lt was he and not Europe upon
whom the Great Illusion had
fallen. They were wrong. He
said that, from the point of view
of material prosperity, war was a
disaster even for the victor. It
was an "illusion" to suppose, as
nearly everyone did suppose, that
conquets brought prosperity to a
Stute in modern Europe. His doctrine of illusion was only waiting
for fulfilment, and lt has fallen
heavily as a judgment now upon
the world, victors and vanquished
alike. Some may say that the*
overturn of flnanclal prosperity is
of no great consequence. It is'not
our object to argue the point, but
only to show the revolution ln city
life, and the collapse of much that
passed for civilization before.
Collapse of Mind Serious
We grant that the collapse of
the civilized mind Is a far more
serious matter. All dwellers and
travellers in the cities of Central
and Eastern Europe agree in their
evidence upon the collapse. During the war a spirit of hope and
energy and self-restraint was maintained by the intensity of the
time, the call for service, and thc
ifwldcr distribution of f_Q_{ and real
oi imagiaary money. But now the
end has come, and the spirit has
fallen limp or dead. The evil is
shown In various ways—(sometimes
by ''the desire for distraction at
any cost; the anomalous outburst
of dancing and reckless extravagance in other amusements," noticed by our officers ln Germany
(White Book, Army, continuation
of 62); more often by the apathy,
listlessness, and the hopelessness
observed by Dr. Ernest Starling
(White Book, Report on Food Conditions in Germany). In hts General Conclusions, Dr. Starling
writes:—
"The very perfection of social
and   economic   organization   In
Germany has proved her undoing.   No other nation could have
liquidated and thrown Uno the
fighting line the whole of its resources tn men and material.   As
a result, up to the last six months
of the war, Germany was formidable in attack and defense.
When,    however,   her   fighting
shell broke at one spot, the whole
thing collapsed, and the shell was
found to be practically   empty.
This is the condition of Germany
at the present time, her supplies
of food and raw   material   exhausted, and her spirit broken,"
The mood of former soldiers returning to city life contributes to
the general collapse.   For months,
and perhaps for years, the soldier
of al| ranks except the highest has
been treated as a child.   He has
been told exactly what to do at al<
most every hour of the  day  and
night; when to go to sleep, when
to get up, when to wash his face
and change his shirt.   He has been
ordered to go here and go there,
and the food has been   put   into
his mouth, when there was any to
put there.   He has now carried the
childish mind and habit Into civil
life, and finds it hard to be a citizen again.    Meantime our politicians and diplomats   insist   upon
prolonging the conditions that result In civic ruin,    Passports, embargoes,   restrictions,   and   exclusions are maintained.    Every plea
for reason, politeness, or a renewal
of ordinary dealing Is denounced as
pro-German or pro-Bolshevik propaganda.   And yet there Is wisdom
in the rule which says, "Agree with
thine   adversary^.' quiokly,   whiles
thou art in the way  with  him;"
and even lf the adversary is beat-,
en, the rule holds good.    For the
rial secret   of   European   civilization'is the solidarity of European
life,1 in whloh, if one member suffers,   all   suffer with   it—London
Nation.
1 PREMIER
MINE STRIKE
Jtin Who Started Work
on Misunderstanding
, Demand Pay
A committee from the strikers
has just reached Prince Rupert with
a report of conditions. Owing to
the fact of the telegraph line being down for the last three weeks,
and a boat only every two weeks,
communication has been Impossible by mall or otherwise. '
; The committee has brought
down the minutes of the meeting
held by the strikers, following the
refusal of the management to recognize the agreement entered
Into by Mr. Harris to settle the
strike satisfactorily to the men,
on which understanding the ban
was lifted at the employment
agency in Prince Rupert, ln order
that Mr. Harris might take up
some 23 men, whom he undertook would be put to work in addition to the men on the ground.
The committee reports that all
hands are standing firm, with the
addition of five men who came
out after working for a few days
after the strike was called. The
men who went up with Mr. Harris are as Arm as the rest, and
are demanding $5.50 per day for
the time they have spent in Stewart, with return fare to Prince Rupert. The manager offered to
haul them up to the mine, and If
things did not suit them to haul
them baok to the wharf. In answer to their claim for. wages and
fore, he demanded the refund of
their fare to Stewart. Only one
man was Induced to go up with
the boat yesterday, and he was a
young fellow In Ignorance of tho
situation, and completely unequipped to stand the rigorous climate,
The strikers are taking care of
him.
, The strikers have organized
Stewart Miners setclon of the O.
B. U., and the committee brought
down $88.60 in dues from old and
new members,
I They have also Instructions to
take steps for legal aetion on behalf of the men who went up on
the strength of Mr. Harris* undertaking that the strike would bc
settled satisfactorily to the men
affected before they would be put
tafiWork.
,■ Financial assistance, while not
urgently needed at the preaent
moment, will be needed, as lt
goes without saying that a small
cgpimunity like Stewart can not
properly finance a lengthy dead-
Idcfe. Tho Central Labor Council
_i Prince Rupert and the local
ofllce of the L. W. I. U. have $100
fqp, the strikers commissary fund
toybe deapatcehd as soon as lt can
be got away. This Is not the
limit of their resources, and moro
will be forthcoming as It is needed, but headquarters will be asked
to also contribute towards the assistance of the strike. It Is the
first strike of the O. B. U. in this
district, and for the good name of
the organization, It must not be
allowed to peter out, a la A. F, of
L,, for laok of assistance.
Meanwhile, all hands can. help
by spreading tho news and using
their Influence to keep men away
from Stewart. The town Is full of
men, and even lf the strike is
won, there are enough men on the
ground to take any other JobB
that may offer, and some to
spare.
Buy only from a union store.
ELECT DESERTER
Curious Incidents in Recent Elections—Socialists Lending Party
The Socialist Party is the leading poUtlcal party ln the new
Chamber of Deputies, as a result
ot the great Socialist gains.
The chamber la now composed
of 159 Socialists, 212 Constitutionalists, divided between the
Ministerialists and Opposition, 102
Catholics and • Republicans.
Two Incidents that- took plaoe
In thla election ara worthy of Joyfully commentnlg upon. One la
the eaa* of Comrade Mislano, who
was elected both In Naplea and
Turin. Mislano, in the beginning
of tha war, waa drafted to the
front,-from whioh he immediately
deserted, escaping Into Switzerland. From Swltterland he waa
expelled for carrying on aeditloua
propaganda aganist the war and
went to Germany. He took part
In tha Spartlcan uprising, for
which he' served alx montha in
prison In Berlin. At present he
Is in Austria and cannot enter
Italy on account of a death sentence received at the.time ot his
desertion by tha Third Italian
army.
His election was a slap at the
Jingolst and Nationals, who claimed that the Socialists were a
party of traitors and defeatists
and hoodlums, They applied to
tha Socialist Party the nickname
of "Puss," meaning aomethlng
very rotten, and during the eleotlon campaign they were liberally
pelted with slimy names. - The
workers In selecting a traitor such
as Comrade Mislano, showed them
who ara the real traitors ln the
eyea of the working class.
Tha other caae Is the defeat of
tho ex-minister of Justice, Sacchi,
famous for his decrees against the
Socialists during the war; and In
order for his defoat to shine more,
•\ Exceptional
Savings
Wo are still adding
to tbii lot of men'i
hoary work show
All diM and weights
 $5.00
Men's black and brown calfskin shoes; light and medium
weight   Begular to $10.00,      , A/t Q£
in chrome and grain leathers.
Speeial—. ..—■•
now..,
Boys' Grain Bluchers,  heavy  sewn  and  nailed solo.;
Begular $5.50,
$3.95
Oo aot forgot yonr
REPAIRING
Thii wwthor will lot yoa know
P. PARIS
51  HASTINOS WIST
the workers of Cremona eleoted
in hia stead Constantino Laszari,
aeeretary of the Socialist Party,
and tha flrst Socialist to suffer under the famous Sacchi Decree. Ha
waa condemned to two yeara* prison for advocating, by literature,
among the soldiers at the front,
desertion trom tha front trenches
and return to their homes, Laa-
zarl recoled more votes than all
the other candidates (about .30
candidates).
Paris—Drastic etepe will bo
taken by tha Minera Federation ta
foroe the government to retraot
an order for deportation of Dru-
art, a miner of Belgian birth, prominent ln the Syndicalist movement Druart, a war veteran
twice wounded, wu aent from tha
country andt forced to leave hla
family because ha waa "a menace
tp public safety."
Don't forget OPS advertisers.
Five Great Specials In
Overcoats for Big Men
We wish to particularly emphasize that these Overcoats are an exceptional bargain. A combination of good style and great comfort. Compare their values with other stores and we know that they will meet your
highest expectations. In sizes 40,42 and 44 only.
A DARK OBEY SCOTCH FRIEZE, fashioned in a very
stylish raglan, cut rery roomily, with good loose skirt
and high buttoning collar, slash pocket opening through
to under pockets; is a big buy. $Q A AA
Begular $40.00 for  , «pOU.UU
A Belmaroon model, of a Harris ft Company's all-wool
tweed at this low figure is an extraordinary value. Convertible collar, slash pockets, and lined through yoke
and sleeves with Farmer's satin. £QC A A
Begular (35.00 and $37.60 for tyZOeUU
The man who likes the more conservative styles is offered
an extremely good value in a dark grey, double-breasted ulster in a substantial weight tweed. This coat will
give you comfort, service and all-round (
satisfaction. Begular $30.00 for ,
$22.50
Another double-breasted Ulster is here in a very durable
olosely woven brown tweed, in a good length. This coat
has patch pockets with flaps, wind tabs on sleeves, and
a good wide convertible collar. For hard wear and long
service it would be hard to equal. <t>QEf A A
Begular $35.00 for  .. tyZdeUU
Single-breasted slip-on, with vertical pockets, notch collar
and lapels, yoke and sleeves lined and all scams piped.
A very smart coat in a dark brown tweed with over-
check pattern skillfully worked out. Ann a_i\
Begular price, $30.00, for <fym__deO\)
A Good Weight Worsted Sweater Coat
for $3.75
It is the best value we know of in the trado today and it is a sweater coat we can
recommend to any man who wanta a warm, neat fitting, hard wearing coat—men who
give a coat hard wear will get real satisfaction from this coat. Shawl or military collar, in grey, brown, slate and maroon. All sizes. Equal to most coats you will find
gelling today for $5.75. Special at _. .,  $3.75
Men's Gunmetal or Velour Calf
Boots; Special $8.95
Men's Velour or Gunmetal Calf Boots, biuclior
and plain lace styles, medium, full round or
medium recede toe lasts.
Every pair of boots ln this collection has oak-
tanned Qoodyear welted sole, hard bottom finished, with low flat heels; slues tf»Q QC
6 to 11. Special    «PO.«/0
Spencer's Ironclad School Boots;
Sizes 1 to 5; Special $4.85
The best for hard wear. Those boys' solid leather boots of ton English army leather, blucher
style, unllned, broad easy fitting lasts, self toe-
oap, solid leather counter, insoles, heels and
extra heavy oak leather soles;       tha   QC
army slugged; sizes 1 to 6 i 94.00
Youths' sises 11 to 13, * a  nm
apeclal    ^>*TetmtJ
Men's Underwear (Shirts Only)
to Clear at 69c
They Include heavy ribbed wool, 'scotch knit
and merino—kinds that ordinarily sell up to
$1.75 a garment, so this is a great buy for any
man who can use It. Sizes are broken, but wa
can flt men of all sizes from tt to 44. Before
stocktaking clearing at tha
apeclal price ot	
69c
Another Lot to Clear at $1.49
Many klnda of underwear In this lot—fln«
elastic knit, heavy scotch wools, spring needle
knit, etc.—flne wool underwear including both
shirts and drawers. Vnlues to IS djl ^|Q
garment before stocktaking ....   ^
DAVD SPENCER, LTD.
•' PAGE SIX
twelfth year,  no. 5   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
.January  so,  192
I
'BARONS'ATWORi
IflDR
Make Magnificent Scoops
of Plunder in War
Time
For about three months a commission,' appointed to enquire into
the coal trade of New South
Wales, from the time it is made,
to the time It Is sold to the con*
Burner, has been taking evidence.
At the end of November it presented a report to the New South
Wales parliament. The report revealed an orgy of plundering such
as has been seldom known in
Australia, and shows that whilst
the Australian government was
"winning the. war/' coal barons
of that country were "skinning
tho people."
The report shows that no less
than 28 companies made over 10
per cent, on the capital paid ln
production; 17 made over 20 per
cent.; 9 made over 30 per cent;
3 went over 60 per cent., and one
made a proflt of 154% per cent.
The Australian people for a long
time wondered why the coal barons did not put too much of their
money Into war loans at 5 per
cent.—they wonder no longer.
By some strange reasoning, the
names of the coal plunderers are
omitted from the report, their
names being denoted by symbols.
The report says that this is done
In deference to the coal plunderers' wishes, whom, it seems, extracted a promise from the government prior to the inquiry that
they would only divulge evidence
If their names were not allowed
to appear In print' It would seem
that the coal barons were too
modest to have their names set
down alongside the amount of
their war-time loot.
However, enough was divulged
in the report to show that in the
southern coal mining district of
New South Wales, the coal barons started off with a profit of
43 per cent., in 1914 rising to
164%   per cent,  in  1018;   In the
northern district the profit over
three years rose from 13 to 62 per
cent.; while in the western coal
diatrict the profits ranged from 2_
to 64 per cent. Taking the detailed profits over the various
years' 101. to 1918, the lixiZZ™
yearly proflt WO'* Southern district mines, 84 per cent.; western
district mines, 45 per cent.; northern district, 22 per cent.
The report also shows to what
a scandalous extent profiteering
took place in the various hands
through which coal worked before it reached the consumers.
An increased price of 72 cents on
the price of coal at the pit's
mouth was expanded to an extra
increase of no less than $3.60 by
the time it reached the back yards
of  the  consumers.
UKRANIANS EAGER
FOR EDUCATION
Denikine   Closed   Schools   During
Occupation of Ukranlan
Territory
Brussels.—Tremendous advance
In education and public culture
has bcen made In the Ukraine since
the revolution of March, 1917, in
spite of successive-invasions of the
Germans and the Denikin forces,
and the paraiysis of the country's
economic life.
In the last three years, 15,000
elementary schools have been
opened, and thousands of others of
more advanced grades. One hun-
derd and twenty secondary schools,
64 normal colleges, and five high
schools have been established. In-
spite of the almost total lack of
paper, more than 10,000,000 copies
of classics have been printed.
Libraries have been created, and
schools for adults have sprung up
all over the country.
Into this education-hungry country came Denikin and his troops.
In their wake they left closed
schools and burned books,' No
education whatever was allowed in
Little Russia by Denikin,
Denikin has since been driven
completely out of Ukraine.
Moscow—Courses in music are
now required of students in Russian Labor schools. The best musicians and teachers in the country have been mobilized as teach-
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—President, V. R. Midgley;
vice-president, J. Marshall; iecretary, J.
R. Campbell; treasurer, J. Shaw; eer-
roantat-arms, E. King; trustees. W. A.
Pritchard, J. 8. Merson, J. M. Clark, A.
J. Wilson. __
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUN-
cil—Meets second Mondty in tbe
month. Presidont, J. F. McConnell; sec
Tetary, B. H. .Neelands. P. O. Boi 06.
feuiDOB STRUCTURAL ornamental
nd Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 87
—Meets second and fourth Mondnys.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
218 Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL No.
213—MeeU at 440 Pender Street
West, every Monday, 8 p.m. President, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
recording secretary, J. Murdock, 440 Ponder Street West; financial secretary and
businsss sgent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pander Street West; assistant secretary,
P. R. Barrows.   _
ENGINEERS AND MILL WORKERS—
Unit of the O. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; secretary.treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tem-
pie.   Phono, Seymour 8060.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Local 26—Meets every flrti.
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday ln the month
at S p.m. President, John Cummings,
secretnry and business agent, A, Oraham.
Offloe and meeting hall, 614 Pendor St.
W. Phone Sey, 1681. Office hours, 8
a.m. to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4tb Fridays, 205 Labor Templo. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granvillo Street; secretary-
traasnrer, JP. J. Snell, 244—28th Ave.
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Union of the Ono Big Union—Affiliated
with B. 0. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An industrial union of all workers in
logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vaneoaver, B. C. Phono Sey. 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald tt Co., Vaneoaver, B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Butter
A Chlene, Vancouver, B. O.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local 38-62—Office and
kail, 804 Pender Street West. Meets first
•nd third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business sgent,
Peter Sinclair. 	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 643—
Meets first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
John Stark; financial secretary and business agent, T. W, Anderson, 687 Homer
Street.    	
MINE, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
ers' Unit of the One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. O., headquarters, 61 Cordova Street WeBt. All
workers engaged ln tbls Industry are
■rged to join the Union before going on
the Job, Don't wait to be organisod, but
erganige yoamlf.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
North America (Vancouvor and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Templo, President, Wm. Hunter, 810 Tenth Ave, North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E, God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording secretary,   J.  D.  RusBetl,    928   Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.	
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Series 6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m,
President, William Mnylor; financial seeretary and business agent, M, Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W. Lee. Offico,
Room 207 Labor Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. F. Hal), Mount Pleasant,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Rigby; recording
•aeretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
East; treasurer, F. Hldaway; financial
iecretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior and Main Sts.  Phone Fair. 8604 R,
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS* UNION OF
America, Local No, 178—Meetings held
first Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Elsworth; vice-president, A,
R. Gatenby; recording secretary, C, Mc*
Donald, P. O. Box 508, Phone Seymour
8281L; financial stcieary, Robt. McNelsb,
w   O. Box 508.
TYPOGRAPHICAL .'UNION No. 226—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. 8. Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; secrotary-treaa-
orer, R. H. Neelands, Box 60.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
tn annual convention in January. Excutlve officers, 1918-19: President, J,
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vanconver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips. Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Labor Temple, 400 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
VICTORIA, B. O.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Sivertz, P. O. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT, B. O.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters'
Hall. President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo, Wad-
dell,  Box 273. Prince Rupert, B. O.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNCIL, 0. B, U.—Meets every second and fourth Tuesday in tbo 0. B. U,
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B. U, members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
S. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Phone Sey. 221     Day br Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Clegg
FUNERAL MBECTOBS
631 Homer St.  Vancouver, E 0.
AGENTS  WANTED
"NEW   HEAT   WITHOUT   OOAL   OB
WOOD"
PRICE 915.00
AGENCIES   OPEN
225 West Notre Dame Street, Montreal
DRUGLESS HEALING
If yoa have failed to get results elsewhere, try Dr. W. J-ee Holder, D.C, the
Workers' doctor. (Special adjustments,
diet, all methods of drugless healing applied. No. 74 Fairfield Bldg., Cor. Granvillo and Fender Streets, Phone Hey. 8fi38
Sates Ubor. The Coupon*
with each package ue a
value in themielvei.
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP J'RODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only bo procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from tho highest grade materials procurable
—Ctfscado is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Chairman at Royal Gives
First Hand
Views
R. P. Pettlpleee'a topic at the
Royal on riunday was "Labor-
Displacing Machinery;" but, before delivering himself, he had to
introduce his chairman, a comrade from the United States,
whose name 'might have been
Gorky, except that it wasn't. He
explained that the newly-arrived
comrade had been a long time on
the other side of the line, where
he couldn't very well say what
he had on his mind; he had been
assured, however, that he could
bo "perfectly natural" here, and
talk "almost as lf he were in a
free   country."    (Laughter.)
Tho chairman had alrendy acted accordingly in making the
main speech of the evening, in
which he dwelt on the necessity
of the Svorkers understanding
their position as such, with a
view to that united action by
which alone they could become
free of the yoke. He complained
that here, &•* well as ln the United States, they were divided into
factions; they were not yet alive
to the class character of society.
Some of them knew their own interests, but were undecided as to
tactics and methods of obtaining
their ends; some, again, were upholders of the capitalist class, for
the most part unconsciously, the
predominating Ideas of any age
being those of thc class In con
trol.
Referring to the oppression and
repression practised in the Unit'
ed States and Qther countries, the
speaker said they must get a
correct conception of the power
that oppressed and repressed
them; then they would know how
to do away with it It was in the
interests of the ruling class that
the strife among the workers
should continue; but the working
class would eventually come to
correct methods to free itself.
"Through these fights and conflicts we are being irclded together.
After mentioning the various
labor parties in the U. S.—the
Socialist Party, Socialist Labor
Party, Communist Party, Communist Labor Party, Radical
Trade Unionists, Conservative
Trade Unionists and others which
were both or neither—the speak'
er dealt particularly with the latest
organized Communist Party, which
advocated mass action and political strikes, lt was led, he said,
by men who had a theoretical
view of the working class, but
no knowledge gained from 'the inside of industry. They were
termed the "Intellectuals," and
were mostly ex-bourgeois with a
"hermaphrodite physchology," i.e.
three-fourths bourgeois and one-
fourth  working  class.
While mass aetion in France,
with its barricades, etc., had
seemed to get something in days
gone by, the conditions in America today were very different.
"The political strike, in my opinion, is one of the worst kinds of
tactics the working class could
use." They must have either
straight political action, or scientific organization on industrial
lines.
"We must'oppose the capitalist class with a working class
industrial union confronting a
capitalist class industrial union,"
(Applause.) It must be organized
from its base to its apex, and
must follow the lines of industry,
not craft. The old form of organization had not kept pace with
industrial development, but served merely for perpetuating their
slavery. The new organization
must have for its purpose the
abolition of the wage system, and
alBO the carrying on of Industry
when capitalism should have been
overthrown. "When the workers
are organized on such lines, we
will not have the chaotic conditions that now confront the Russian workers,"
"But the opposing forces may
not permit us to choose the
peaceable path that we desire,"
the speaker warned. "The Industrial unionists do not advocate
violence; they advocate the path
of peaceable economic industrial
action. The working class is the
class of peace. It has never
fought for itself; it has always
fought for the master class." (Ap
plause.) But so long as there was
one class in control and another
ln subjection, there was the possibility of war; and "so long as the
working class remains psycholog.
Ically controlled by the agents of
the ruling class, so long will it
flght the battles of its masters.1
Aa to fighting for their country
under the present conditions-
"All the country the working
class owns is that which it gathers under its finger nails. " (Applause.) And as to thrift—"You
know the working man wears his
clothes till they stink, and his
shoes till his socks hit the sidewalk." And for increased production—"I advocate the increased production of jobs for workers, by working a five-hour day."
Pour shifts of five hours would
make 20 hours a day; that would
produce more than one man
working 14  hours a day.
Comrade Pettipiece declared
there was no problem now but
the working class problem; and
tho example of Russia had shown
that "the workers of any country only get what they can take
and hold." The Russians now
had truly a country to flght for.
(Applause.' A real Interest In the
social welfare of that country.
"They can flght like devils, because they've something to flght
for."    (Renewed  applause.'
Tho problem was wholly a matter of the workers struggling for
possession of the machinery of
production. With the productivity of the machine nnw greater
than over, they had to work harder than before its Invention.
"All tho while we have boen inventing the machinery, you have
bcen allowing some men to place
the control ln the hands of the
ruling class. The task beforo us
all Is to secure possession of the
machinery—ownership of their Job
by   the   workers—otherwise   they
What Do Thoy Mean By 'Reds?
* ,.*,
Free speech, free presf; and peaceable assemblage-
three fundamental British principles, guaranteed to all
by the constitution andjjltjws of the British Empire—have
been overridden by the arrests of members of various
working class organizatkjns in Winnipeg.
Under the guise of pfttfing down a "revolution" these
men are now charged with "seditious conspiracy" while
the true facts are, these nicn were only the mouthpieces
of the rank and file of the labor movement, and are no
more entitled to be on trial than any one of the 35,000
who voted to strike in May of 1919.
According to the crown attorney, these men have conspired to overthrow the government by force or violenco.
But wc know that these men arrested are only those who
have been active in bettering the condition of the working class. So we take it that, any one who 'is a good Union
man, orwoman, is a "red." If that is so, then let us bo
proud of the fact that we are "red."
Did you ever hear them call a scab a "red?"
Did you ever hear them call a non-union worker a
"red?"
Did you ever hear them call a stool pigeon a "red?"
Whenever you go on strike, and ask for a little moro
of thc god things of life, they call you a "red."
Whenever you try to exercise your constitutional rights
and in doing so you interfere with the profits of the profiteers you are called a "red."
Remember, the attack on the so-called "reds" is aa attack on the labor unions.
Remember, that thcir fight is the fight of all labor unions.
If you ever expect to retain the rights that you, and
yours fought for in France—the rights of a Democratic
people—you must help in these cases.
We must be able to tell the people thc exact truth about
thse cases; to do this we will need large sums of money
to pay printing bills. These cases must be carried through
the courts, this means heavy legal expenses. The men that
are in jail must be taken care of, also their wives, and
families. This will take more money. Will you do your
share? Don't wait until tomorrow. Tomorrow may be too
lato. Act now; help the men that are fighting for you:
One for all, all for one.
Donations received by A. S. Wells, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
UNDER THE BAN
OF CENSOR IN
Open Bible a Dangerous
Thing in Workers'
Hands
British  Labor  Platform
Sedition in This
Dominion
Nomad, a writer in the Statesman, commenting on the Winnipeg trials, has the following to
say:
Last week I pointed out how
dangerous it is for ony Canadian
to quote the James the First version of the Bible. In future he
must keep to the King George
and J. P. Morgan version, which
is to be the eighth wonder of the
world. What happened to J. S.
Woodsworth when he attempted to
make tho old Biblo an open book
have no right to anything." At
present, improved machinery, organization, etc., was used only to
bring large profit to ownership—
to the fellow on the inside—while
the workers kept right on as before.
The workers wanted "the ownorship of the earth," and their
demands were becoming too real
for tho ruling class today. In the
United States.lt looked as if they
mould have tb keep half the pop.
ulatlon building Jails for the other
half. In Russia, vodka had gone
—and the revolution had come,
The speaker had nothing to say
for or against prohibition, "but if
the working class ever does get
Bober and realize the position It
occupies—then God help the ruling class." Comrado Pettipiece
was not worried about the differences between the,workers. When
the time comes, we'll get together
ns sure as  day.
Every
Dollar
spent with a private
trader helps to defeat the
aims of labor. This storo
is owned by tho workers
and all tho advantages
gained by their co-operation means that mueh less
power to thc supportcrs.of
tho present coinpctitfvi!
and anarchistic system,
Saturday Specials    i
Small   AVhite   Beans,
4 lbs. 26c
Co - Operative Honey,
lb i 35o
Fancy Mixed Biscuits,
lb 45c
White    Star    Baking
Powder, 12 ozs 15c
Vancouver
Co-operative Society
41 Fender-Street West
Phone Boy. 493
to the profiteers of Wininpeg,
would have made Demetrius tho
Silversmith crack his sides with
laughter.
But the experience was lost on
Mr. Woodsworth friend of organized and unorganized Labor. As
the Bible had proved to be like a
red rag to a bull when he opened
it in Winnipeg, he turned to more
profane authorities. He quoted
the Right Hon. Arthur Henderson,-M. P., British Labor leader,
friend of the workers everywhere,
and of Russia, a former colleaguo
of Mr, Lloyd George. Knowing
Mr, Henderson to be inspired by
his knowledge of Holy Writ, a
good man and one to be admired,
Mr. Woodsworth quoted from a
speech of the English Lubor leader and, hey presto! he wns again
in trouble with the men to whom
thc King George and Morgan
Bible is dedicated. The speech
he quoted Ib as follows:
British Labor Platform
"The view of the Labor Party is
that what has to be reconstructed
after the war Is not this or tbat
government department, or this or
that piece eof machinery, but, so
far as Britain Is concerned, society itself.
"The individualistic system of
capitalist production based on the
private ownership and competitive
administration of land and capital
with Us reckless 'profiteering' and
wage slavery; with its fortification
of the unhampered struggle for
the means of lifo, and its hypocritical pretence of the 'survival of
tho fittest'; with the monstrous
inequality of circumstances which
it produces and the degradation
and brutalizatlon, both moral and
spiritual, resulting therefrom, may,
we hope, indeed have received a
death blow.
"We must insure that what is
presently t0 be built up Is a new
social order, based not on fighting,
but on fraternity—not on the
competitive struggle for the means
of bare life, but on a deliberately
planned co-operation of production and distribution for the bend-
fit of all who participate by hand
or by brain—not on the utmost
possible inequality of riches, but
on a systematic approach toward
a healthy equality of material circumstances for every person born
into the world—not on an enforced dominion over subject nations, subject races, subject colonics, subject classes or a subject
sex, but in Industry, as well as ln
government, on that equal freodom, that general consciousness
of consent, and that widest possible participation In power, both
economic and political, which is
characteristic  of democracy!"
In the pamphlet which explains tho draft programme, a
solemn warning is given:
"Whether we like It or fear It,
we have to recognize that tn the
course of tbo laBt three and a
half years, people have become
habituated to thoughts of violence.
They have seen forco employed on
an unprecedented scale as an instrument of policy , , . We
may be warned by a perception of
these facts that if barricades are
Indeed likely to bo erected in our
streets, they will be manned by
men who have learned how to
fight and not by undisciplined
mobs unversed In the use of modern weapons,, likely to be easily
overthrown  by trained troops.''
This is not incendiary writing.
It comes from Right Hon. Arthur
Henderson, who sees some of the
dangers ahead If the legitimate
aims of Labor nro baulked. But
what Is this new social order, and
how is it to he brought In ? The
Labor Party insists flrst of all on
a minimum standard of living,
finch family must have sufllcient
to provide for decent living—good
food, clothing and shelter, oppor-
trnitlea for education, recrcntlon
and culture, Insurnnce ngainst* accident, sickness, unemployment,
old nge. The stato assumes responsibility for finding men wnrit
nnd providing for all their needs,
This is not continental socialism.
It Is not a Utopian dream. Today England Is pnying millions of
pounds fn unemployment bonefits.
The Labor Party stands for de
mocratlc control of industry. ThlB
moans the progressive elimination
from   tho   control  of  industry   of|
Australian Workers Wish
to Form One Big
Union
At a conference of the various
Australian State Railway Unions,
held In Sydney on November 17-
20 last, the following resolutions
were carried:
"That the organizations of railway employees throughout the
various A ustralian States should
amalgamate into one body, to be
known as tho Australian Railway
Union. A constitution was drawn
up, and will be submitted to the
various State bodies for approval
and considered at a special conference to be held In Sydney,
Australia, next January.
That railway employees should
have direct-equal and elective representation on the directorate ot
management of tho railway department In each State with t
view to bringing abodt an improvement in railway control, and
better feelings between the employees and Ujeir managers."
A motion was also passed condemning the proposed introduction of the Whitley scheme of
management into the Australian
railway workshops—the various
unions at the conference undertaking to resist any attempt to
introduce the Whitley scheme into
the shops. Another motion was
one congratulating the British
railway mon on their recent fight
for better wayes and conditions in
England, and their demand that
Labor should have an equal share
ln the management of the rail-
ays.
The conference also sent a message of congratulation to the British Transport Federation, and expressed the hope that at no distant date Australia would be represented at an International congress  of Transport Workers.      *
Delegates speaking at the conference, spoke of serious discontent existing in the Australian
railways—which are State-owned.
The discontent is worst in the
State of Victoria,. where it needs
but a match to set the whole service afire with seethtng disorder.
The men, are scandalously underpaid, and aro deprived the rights
of seeking redress—being government servants—that are allowed
to workers in outside industries.
Don't Forget
CAL-VAN
MARKET
Saves You 20 Per Cent.
AIL   GARS   STOP   AT   THE   DOOR
25-27 Hastings West
s
Every now and then an official
investigation Informs us that thc
high cost of living is caused by
high wnges necessitated by the
high cost of living.
the private capitalist, individual
or joint ?tock. It means a genuinely scientific reorganization of
the nation's industry no longer
deflected by individual profiteering,
on the basis of the common ownership of the means of production. It means the immediate
nationalization of railways, mines
nnd electric power. It means that
tho worker - has a voice and a
share In the industry in which he
is engaged.
But how is all this to be financed? How provide for the needs
bf all? How buy out railways
and factories? The Britisher
doesn't like the word "confiscation," so he has worked out a
little scheme to accomplish his
ond in another way. He is not
hot-headed like the Russian. He
goes more slowly, but he is Just
as thorough. He proposes that
all revenues should be raised from
two sources (a) an income tax,
(b)  an  Inheritance tax,
Tfio capitalist- says he will not
engage in industry without the Incentive of proflt. "Very well,"
says the Britisher, "go to it. Make
all tho money you like, but re
member the state will take most
of It back In taxes." The Labor
Party proposes to exempt from
taxation all income not above that
necessary to maintain a good standard of living. After tbat there
must be a steeply graded tax rising from a penny in the pound on
the smallest ascsssable Income un
to sixteen or even seventeen shillings ln the pound on tho highest
Income ot the millionaire. With
regard to Inheritance, there will
need to be a complete reversal ln
the point of view. Today we go
on the assumption that a man
has a right to say who will Inherit his property, the state claiming merely certain inheritance
taxes. The Labor Party goes on
the Idea that naked man came
Into the world, and naked he will
go out again. At a man's death,
all over what is necessary for tho
needs of his immediato family
will revert to the state. Thus, ln
the course of a generation, all the
great estates will revert to the
common people of Englaad, from
whom they wero filched by the
"enclosing" of the "common
lands."
This Is the British way, and It
is absolutely constitutional. This
was the plan recommended by
Andrew Carnegie before his death.
We may agree or disagree with
this plan of social reconstruction,
but why should any man in Canada be Jailed for recommending
Us ndoption?
The open Bible! By all means.
But why Jail men for quoting
from Its sacred pages? Are we to
retain tho Bible ns our fathers
know it or adopt thc King George
and Morgan version?
Invade and Loot Country
and Then Ask loi*
$15,000,000
London—How the British South
Africa Company invaded and
looted Matabeleland in 1893, violating an agreement with the nativo chief, Lobengula, and in 1919
came to England with a bill for
¥15,000,000 for their "work in
carrying on native wars," has been
revealed In a series of hearings
before Lord Cave's investigation
commission. A sensation waa
caused by John W. Harris of the
Anti-Slavery and Aborigines' Protection Society, when he disclosed
a secret bargain made by the
company of which the Imperial
authorities had been Ignorant,
supposedly.
This agreement was signed by
Sir Starr Jameson ,administrator
of Rhodesia nder the company, on
Aug. 14, 1893. It provided for
the invasion of Matabeleland, and
offered rewards of a potential
value of $50,000 each to Sir
Starr's companions, a total bait
of 135,000.000. It took from the
natives their choicest flocks and
herds, and entitled tho invaders
to large holdings in the province.
The agreement - provided that
the loot should be equally* dtvld
ed between the company and the
officers and men.
Meanwhile the Imperial govern
ment had assured Lobengula that
his country should be free fron
invasion, and the chief trustei
that assurance. Lobengula'
downfall marked the climax o
the country's tragedy, which be
gan In 1888, when he sold t<
Cecil Rhodes the gold minim
rights of the country in exchangi
for a monthly wage.
Milan—Two hundred Austria)
children between 4 and 12 hav
arrived here to be cared for dur
ing the winter, Vienna report,
that 60,000 children there ar
starving to death and. citizens o
Milan are preparing to care for a\
many more as possible.
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BUSINESS CHANCES    '
AN ESTABLISHED MANUFACTUW
Ins compiny wants * capable mai
in every town to open branch oflc<
and manage salesmen, 9300 to |l,fitn
necessary. Handle own money, ihovlf
make $5,000 yearly. Prospective sale!
Id' evory home. Ezpenses to Montreal
allowed when you Qualify, Hates Mua
ger Walker, 226 Weat Metre Dame Straet
Montreal.
NEW MASONIC LODGE   \
Bonnie Duon Lodge, No. 188, Vancool
Ter, B. C, chartered by the SupremJ
Lodge of tho American Masonic Sn.
eration, A.A.S.R. (Symbolic) was Install
ed Monday evening, January lfith, lj
Worshipful Bro. John Burton Keener, at
torney-at-law of Taeoma, Wn., Proviocbl
Grand Master for the atate of WaiH
lngton In said Federation, assisted bi
Worshipful Bro. Paul Baden, Seattle]
Provincial Grand Seoretary; Worshlpfn
Bro. W. Pulver, Seattle, provincial Granii
Master Deputy, also Bro. Hyde, from
Calodonian Lodge. No, 29, Taeoma.
Brothers Anderson and Sloan, from Tritf
ity Lodge, No. 44, Seattle. Aftei
installation of charter and officers fo"
the coming year, refreshments were tail
ily served, this concluding an enjoyabl.
evening.
Above lodge meets first and third Men'
days of each month in O'Brien Hall,
Hastings and Homer streets, Wor. Mas
ter, Thomas Houston. **<
HIGH GRADE
Mechanics' Tools
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
J. A. Flett, Limited
339 HASTINGS STREET WEST
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to Tke.
B. O. FederationiBt, will be mailed to1
any address in Canada for $17.60.
(Good anywhere outsido of Vancouver
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.'
Loggers, Miners
and Farm Hands
All like to know where to get the best value for their
money.
READ-THE   FOLLOWING:
Men's Mackinaw Shirts, each  $7.00
Men's Mackinaw Shirts, double back and sloeve....$9.00
Brown, heavy-made duck pants, reinforced scats
. and leg  $3.50
Men's check all-wool heavy pants $5.00
Carr's Pants; heavy grey pants, the best to be
had, all wool $9.00
Mackinaw Coats ,.   $12.00
Men Sox from 25^ per pair.
Boots for men, boys and girls.
Underwear, heavy ribbed, from, per suit $3.00
All our goods are sold on their merits.
We Return Money When Ooods Are Not Satisfactory
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 CORDOVA ST. W.-440 MAIN ST.
___tmmnmtaiia-mmiii
<MM
z___,____ FRIDAY. January SO,  1920
twelfth tbar. tto, i     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancoitveb, b. a
PAGE SEVEN
ANNOUNCEMENT
The Vancouver Dancing Academy
wider personal {fetation of HISS BUSHNELL, la firing am openlaf Ihn
nest Tuesday •Trtiof.   Coma ap snd brinf yonr friends.   If yarn da wit
dance call np Beymour 786 and make an appointment for lesions.
DANCE KVEBT TUESDAY AND BATUBDAT—A In* Ion ud neelleM
musle.
WE MAKE DANGERS
Owtl SOo
ooa. aMtmuM amb aoisea
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS'
Dry Ooods, Oents' Furnishings
VICTORIA, 8. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OP "BIO HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Ete.
Factory organised undtr "United Garment Workers ef Amerlcs"
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hew Ihey Alt, Indexed for Ton       t
lb Union Man, Out This Out and Olve It to Tost Wife
Banks
Bank of Toronto, Haitingi k Cambie; Victoria, Mertitt and New Weit-
mimter.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 18 Bian&kea In Vaneonver, 20 in B. 0,
Shelly'»...
Bakeries
-Phone Fairmont 44
Tiidallt Limited....
J. A. Flott	
Bicycles
...618 Halting! Street Weit
.Haitingi Btreet Wait
Billiards
Foeket Billiard Parlor-
Con Jenei (Brumwiek Pool Booms).
.-4S Hastingi Street Eait
..Haitingi Street Bait
Goodwin Shoe Co., _
Ingledew Shoe Store...
"K" Boot Shop.	
Pierre Parli	
Wm. Dick Ltd.	
Boots and Shoes
-IIS Halting! Street Eait
 666 Granville Street
.....319 Hastingi Street West
-.64 Hastings Street West
..Hotting) Street Bait
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street Weit
Cafes
Bank Buffet......-..—...................... Corner Hutinga and Homer Streeta
Trocadero Cafe..
..156 Hastingi Street Weit
Mode! Cafe ST Cordova Street Wost
Millar k Coe. Ltd..
Chinaware and Toys
   .419 Haitingi Street Weit
Arnold k Quigley..
Clubb * Stewart..
Clothing: and Gent's Outfitting
...546 Oranvllle Street
B. 0. Outfitting Co__............
Wm. Dick Ltd..
Thoi. Foiter k Co., Ltd...-.
J. W. Foiter k Co., Ltd....
3. N. Harvey Ltd.	
The Jonah-Prat Co._	
New Tork Outfitting Co..
David Speneer Ltd	
W. B. Brumitt...
 309-315 Easting! Stroet West
 .342 Hastingi Street West
 33-49 Hastings Street East
..514 OranviUe Street
 345 Hastings Street West
-ISS Hastings West and Vietoria, B. 0.
-. 401 Halting! Stroet Weit
 143 Haitingi Street Weit
...Hastings Street
 Cordova Stroet
-OranvUle Streot
Thomas A McBain . .	
Woodward! Ltd............... -.,,,.  Hasting! and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothe! Shop '. -  118 Hnstingi Wost
D. K. Book . 117 Hastings Street Welt
Vancouvor Co-operative - 41 Pender.Street West
Coal
 ...989 Mala St., Beymour 1441 and 465
..„..„_ 1001 Main Street
Kirk k Co., Ltd.—	
Maodonald Marpole Co...	
Dairies
fraier Valley Dairies.   8th Avenue and Tukou Street
Dentists
Dn. Brett Anderson and Douglai Gassulmnn .............608 Haitingi West
Dr. W. J. Curry. ........ ,  —.801 Dominion Building
Dr. Oordon Campbell .  Corner OranvUle and Bobson Stroeti
Dr. H. B. HaU.—.  19 Hastings Street East, Seymour 4048
Dr, Lowe...—..-..  Corner Haitingi and Abbott Streets
Dr. Orady.   Corner Hnstingi and Soymour Stroeti
Bank Bnffett.,
Drinks
Britannia Beer.—
Cascade Beer........
Hotel West...
Patricia Cabaret	
Bob Boy Hotel	
Jan-Soft Drinka...
Van BiOt  -~.
1
Vancouver Drug Co..
...oor Hastlngi and Homer Street*
—Westminster Brewery Co,
—Vancouvor Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carrall Street
 411 Hastingi Streot Eist
 67 Cordova Street West
 409 Dunsmuir Street
       -Cideri and winei
Drugs
-Any of their ilx storei
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak k Suit Co. 683 Haitingi Streot Weit
Vancouver Co-operative > 41 Pender Street Weit
Florists
Brown Broi. k Co. Ltd. .48 Halting! Eut ud 788 Oranvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center * Hauna Ltd... 1048 Oeorgia, Seymour 8485
Nunn. Thornton k Olegg — .531 Homer Street
S
Halting! Furniture Co..
Furniture
Cal-Van Market.
Groceries
..41 Hutingi Stroot Weit.
...Huttings Street Oppoilte Pontages
Uai-Van  jaari«Ji.......-..-..—-..— uttBbuiK-*  «up»  \iy_w,»   . aiuugua
"Slaters" (three stores)  Hutings, OranviUe and Main Streets
Woodwards .... .—Hastingi and Abbott Strcoti
Spencer! Ltd -. - - Hastlngi Stroot
Vancouver Co-operative ' 41 Ponder Street West
Hatters
Black and White Hat Store % Cor, Hasting! and Abbott Street!
Jewelers
Birks Ltd.-   OranvUle tnd Georgia Street!
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H, Malkin   (Malkia's But)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. . (Turnor Beeton * Co., Vietoria, B. 0.)
Paints
gunlcr-Hondorson Paint Co 641 OranvUlt Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan k Brookhouse—  .........—Labor Temple
TOleUend-Dibble : ~~ :—. Tower Building
Angoll Engraving Co.........—.~...™.„„.™.........„..„„~..518 Hastlngi WoBt
A. H. Timmi	
White & Bindon-
P. 0. E	
Railways
 and the...—
.228-830—14th Avenue East
..—528 Pender Stroet West
-0. N. B.
(Tom tho TaUoy_
J. A. Flett
Martin,
Vmnrcss
Martin, Finlayson ft Mothor ...:. —..—	
Theatres and Movies
Tailors
 524 OranviUe St.; 318 Hastings W,
Tools
 Hutlngi Street Weit
&j _. Hutingi Street Weit
 ovies
. Orohoum ...——..— Pantaiei
I ARK
OF THE WORLD
Plots for Military Hegemony Will Eventually
FaU
So the Britlah government—
which meant, In this sinister cue.
the workers and wealth-produce™
—la to make a loan to France.
France needa the money for her
Imperial lu tic flltbuaterlng. France
needa the money, becauee ahe re<
fuses peace with Soviet Rusaia
and so refuses the proffered re
payment of moneys due to her by
Russia* preferring to gamble on
the greater wealth that will accrue to her If Denikin wins out
Out of Mr. Lloyd George's statements In the House of Commons
recently only one other faot emerges—that he Is still determinedly,
and now ludicrously, evasive and
contradictory In his Russian pol<
ley. He admits the truth of the
statement (first made by our special correspondent In Copenhagen
on M. LttvlnofCs own authority)
that the British legation returned
unopened a formal peace offer
communicated by Litvinoff. And
In the next breath the premier declares that he does not know the
mind of the Soviet government as
regards peace, having never received a peace offer from It!
The conference between Mr.
Lloyd Oeorge and M. Clemenceau
Is variously represented as having settled everything and having
settled nothing.
Take—almost a| random, from
a score of equally typical newspaper comments—the following
conjecture from the Petit Parls-
lcn:
"Full agreement was reached In
regard to Constantinople, Syria
and Asia Minor.. There,, still remains to be decided an agreement
wtlh regard to Palestine and the
future of Mesopotamia and Mosul."
The people of Constantinople,
Syria, Asia Minor, Palestine. Mesopotamia and Mosel. won't get a
word ln.
Simultaneously comes from
America the announcement that
the president will attempt no compromise, but will throw upon his
republican opponents "undivided
responsibility for the fate of the
treaty and the present conditions
of the world ln consequence of
that fate." Not at all. It is too
late for President Wilson to take
the Injured Innocence line, it he
had stuck to his fourteen points
(the flrat of which was open diplomacy)—If he had offered the
world a real league of nations—
then he could have taken that
line. But not now. The league
was killed when Russia and Germany were excluded and a separate special alliance between
FrancS, America and Great Britain
was planned tnsldp it.
Neither Prpsfdent Wilson nor
Mr. Lloyd George has any policy
at all. Hence the superior strength
of M. Clemenceau, who has. He
never believed In any league of
nations. He has always gone
atrfliRht for one trnal—the establishment of a French military
hegemony over Europe. The German claim to this was what a
The French claim to It Is appftr-
mllllon of our men died ^o prevent.
ently smiled upon—In secret—by
Mr. Lloyd Oeorpe.
Well, In tho long run, tho plots
for any form of military hegemony will fall. But they may do
a lot of harm by the way.—London
Herald.
The little farmer Btate-owned
mill at Drnke. N. D.. has been
operating 111 days. Tn that time
careful accounting shows a profit
at the rate of 83 per cent, a year.
At the same time the farmers
have been ree.eivlntr terminal market prices for their grain and
consumers of flour and mill feeds
have been charged Minneapolis
market prlcea only. Farmers have
also been paid market prices for
every pound of valuable dockage
In the grain.
Louis Marin, member of the
French chamber of deputies, has
complied from official sources the
losses of human life caused by
the world war, fixing the appalling total at  8.RRH.1M.
Provinco of British Columbia
Minimum Wage Board
NOTICE li hereby given that
pursuant to section 9 ot the
Minimum Wage Act" a publio
meeting will be held in the Minimum
.Wage Board^Rooms, Not. 824 and
S26 Vancouver Block, in the City
ot Vancouver, B. C,ion Tuesday,
the Srd day of February, 1920, at
the hour ot 10 o'clock a.m., for
the purpose of reconsidering the
order of the board in connection
with the Telephone and Telegraph Occupation, dated the 23rd
day of September, 1919, and,
which bocame effective on the
22nd day of November, 1919.
The Question! to be considered
at this meeting will Include the
consideration of wages, hours of
labor and conditions of employment of females engaged ln connection with the operating of the
various instruments, switchboards,
and other mechanical appliances
used ln connection with telephony, and telegraphy, and the
work ot all female! employed in
the business or Industry ol the
operation ot the telephone and
telegraph systems who or* not
governed by any other order of
the Minimum Wage Board,
A cordial Invitation to be prei
ent li oxtended to all thou who
deilre to bo heard In thlt matter.
Minimum Wnge Bonrd for the
Province of British  Colombia
J, D. MoNIVEN, Chairman.
HEM-IN   GREGORY   MacGILL.
THOMAS   MATHEWS.
Victoria,  B.  C,
January  22nd,  1910.
The Labor School
During the put tew weeki ttr-' 'Conscloua evolution alwayi btart
oral atptraloni have been cast mJ #? ^ mind,
the   Vancouvtr   Labor ichoql,   tt
perhapi a brief account of lta In-,
ception and. alms Is timely. i
About two years ago, a few
people Interested ln the growth
of humanitarian), were discussing
ways and meana by which this
spirit eould be tottered. Among
other suggestions waa one that a.
school be started whloh could be*
attended by children of any or no
denomination, at which they could
learn the toolal conditions by
-which they were surrounded, and
evolve a line of action therefrhm
by whloh to further their ideals.
Thla suggestion found favor,
an a little later a formal meeting
waa held, when definite plant were
laid, and a achool opened ln Oct.,
1918. While no definite statement wae made at thlt time ae
to the alms and objects of the
ichool, lt waa generally understood that the underlying prlnolple, wire ae follows:
1. Children of any or no denomination admitted without let
or hindrance.
i. No oreed to be taught, but
th* highlit ethics permeate all
lessens*
I. Th* lessons to aim at Inculcating the highest morality, together with an understanding of
th* foreu at work in the world
around them. Discussion u to
whloh torcu ar* worthy ef support aa tending to produce a
world of love and Justice, and
which ar* to bo oondemned as
tending to produce a world ot hatred and Injustice,
i. Parents and otfiisrs Interested to be cordially welcomed,
and given an opportunity of listening to the talks given In any of
th* olasaei.
5. Suggestion! from any source
M to meant of improving the organization, attendance, lessons,
etc, to be received and discussed
In a broad-minded way.
The programmes of lessons, u
Is the ease with all new Institutions, can only be regarded u
tentative, and the teachers regard
them as auch, being ready to substitute for the present ones any
others which show promise of
giving better results. The one
gtyen It that being followed tn
the Intermediate class during the
present session, 1919-20, and has
been arranged with a view to
giving ths pupils a general survey of the evolution of the world
from a nebulous mass to its
present stage of development,
stress being laid on tho advantage of "conscious" evolution over
"blind" evolution. Here Is the
programme:
not right.
BR.   Slavery.   Various forms,
trip through the centuries.
to achieve, and how.   The school
programme In brief.
2. Knowledge Is powor: (n)
for good, (b) for evil. Knowledge not merely memorizing.
Truo knowledRe loads to opinion,   . ,    ,    .
thence to progress and social hap- jAf" y8 trullr tn* and brave'
piness.
8. How we are clothed and
fed. Our dependence upon each
other. A knowledge of means of
production anti distribution necessary to evolve a just method.
This knowledge only obtainable
by reviewing the history-of the
social development of the world.
4. The world before It know
man. The evolution of the living
cell from Inanimate matter a problem not yet scientifically solved..
This faot Is a cause of dissension
between people and nations, as
the mystery of life Is explained (7)
in so many different ways.
" Our earliest ancestors and
the people of today who most
nearly 'resemble thom, Varioui
stages in man's development up
to the dawn of civilization.
6. The Joy ot discovery and
Invention. Conscious aid In man's
development or evolution. Interaction of mind and body. Our
actions are determined by our
thoughts.
7. Am I right? Am 1 wrong?
Bight and wrong are relative
terms applied according to the
ideas and Ideals of the questioner,
Ono man calls right what another
calls wrong.
8. Blind evolution versus conscious evolution. Blind evolution
reBUlte from action without regard  to   Its   effect  on   humanity.
' 0. Discovery and invention. Accidental dlicovery a form ot blind
evolution. Vulcanising et rubber
an example of accidental discovery crowning conioloiit effort. In,
Ventlon a form of conicioul evolution—or the reverse, devolution,
lf it worka against tbe well-being
of humanity,
10. Tha independence born of
knowledge. Ignorance the great;
est enemy of progress. Knowledge and wisdom, both necessary
for conscious evolution.
"Knowledge and wisdom, tar from
being one.
Have   oft-tlmei    no    connection.
Knowledge dwell*
In heads replete with thoughts ot
other men,
Wisdom   ln   mindi   attentive   to
their own.
Knowledge,   a   rude   unprofitable
mass,
The   mere   material   with   which
wisdom builds,
Till smoothed,  and squared, and
fitted to Its place,
Dou    but    encumber    where    lt
seems t'enrich."
, 10. (I dont like learmng his
tory.) History—real and so-called. Ita value a* an aid to further progress. History does not
repeat Itself. Every war has been
fought In a different environment.
11. Ways ot studying history.
First hand history, documents,
official reports. Effect* ot secret
diplomacy on these, Illustrations
from current events.
12. The almi ot hiitory book!.
The ideal aim I. to give an unbiased account of the development
of the preient loclal fabrio to enable tbe present generation to
avoid the pitfalls, and strengthen
the lines of true progreu.
18. Wealth and oomfort at the
expeme of conidence and truth,
versus comparative poverty tor the
sake ot truth and right
(Why can't I go., to concert!
and picnics Uke Tommy Rich-
boy.)
15. "Patience ll rewarded."!.?)
"Everything comes to him who
waits." (?) The rewards. How
apportioned.
16. (How ll ..It my father
doesnt get rich? He works harder than many of the people who
make fortunes.)    Class conscious-
versus profiteering.
'ft. Why there are to many
people. Class consciousness
unknown whon Industrial world
came into being. Class distinction
gained priority over ths Idea of
conscious \evolution.
18. Moans of eliminating poverty. Education along ethical and
general lines, along with the best
1.   Our school—what  lt hopes Waning ln citizenship.    Might Is
■It
thero   breathes   on   earth   a
slave,
20. Freedom in me twentieth
century. We are as free a* the
state allows us to be. Illustrations.
■ 21. Various methods of payment for work. Necessity for
money under present regime.
Money at present more powerful
than knowledge. The approaching struggle between the two.
23. Tho struggle for power.
The various contending forces.
Co-operation In Its various forms.
84. The truest patriotism. Making our country a model to others
for love and Justice.
25. Whose example to follow'
to achieve our alms. . Talks of
men and women who have heen
famous for their tenacity to thoir
beliefs, evon tb the sacrifice of
their  livos.
, 26. A comparison of values of
various subjects of study. Money-
eurnlng subjects. General knowledge subjects. Subjects which
help us to enjoy life better, eto.
■27. Which Institution are worthy of support. The aims of
various societies and Institutions.
Means hy which institutional caro
of children can bcclmnated.
28. Our Idoas of an up-to-dnte
school curriculum. What wo
would put In, nnd what we would
leave out or make optional.
29. Review of coflrse  (1).
SO.   Review of course (2.)
OPENING DECLARATION
We meet here today to enjoy and renew companionship with those
others who. like ourselves, are endeavoring day by day, by thought and
act, to bring to the minds of all people our Idea of Justico and love to all,
and by this means build a surer foundation of a Just social system,
THE SCHOOL SONG
1. True Brotherhood, to thee thlB day
We pledge ourselves ln work and play,
That we may have in years to be
A world of lovo where men are free.
2. May we be taught as on we go,
The right from wrong to clearly know,
And who need help, the wide world through,
That wo may Judge what work to do.
8.  jAst "All for each and oach for all"
Now bo our paBS-word and our call.
Then, by our aid, though small It prove,
This world of ours must upward move.
O OAMM
Vast bounteous land, with mountain, plain und stream,
Deedi great as these should througftfefhy records gleam,
As to thy shores, from every cllnie(imen come ln numbers strong,
Their countries' thoughts, with ideals grand, to mingle thine among.
Tho best from each we wi'li'revere,
Then must thy praises ring both far .and near.
O Canada, thy maple In our hearts; 'ir-
As sign of beauty, Industry and arts,.
Shall ever stand, thy Beaver, too, a worker 'mongst thy trees—
Our mentors both, to point along the lines of progress, these.
For, Canada, thy wealth to be,
Lies ln thy workers who must e'er be free.
We ln the past have sung the warrior's lore.
Peace hath her victories no lest than war.
Let now our minds be set on these, to end Destruction'! reign.
And every loyal worker Join, a glorious world to gain
And lot our flag, like link lh chain,
Unite with those which equal aims maintain,
O Canaan, when thou thy goal dost gain,
In meanest home comfort and Joy will reign.
Thy children all, with hope and love, and sympathies Inspired,
Will take their stand, a record of the Brotherhood desired.
Blest Canada then wilt thou be,
Thy people Joined in Peace and Harmony.
CLOSING DECLARATION
"We leave here today, wanting moro than ever to do whatever comet
our way to make this world of love and Justice. May we be spurred onward by the thought that each one of us possesses the power to do
something ln this great work, and that the more we do the sooner ihall
we have the kind of world we want."
These facts now placed before tbe publlo should serve at a mean! of
dispelling the various rumors which aro curront, and make it evident
that under the whole movement llos the principle that goodwill and
action will moke this earth of ours a heaven in comparlaon with lti
(ireient condition, '
MORALS Ai
Another Aspect on the
Confiscation
Bogey
(By Geo.  F. Stirling)
On Monady, January 18th, Mr.
Justica Morrison gavo a judgment,
to which X would Ilka to call
the attention ot tha public, and
" especially to tha opponents of
Socialism.
A 1 ittla while ago, tho writer
criticized a pamphlet published
by tho Canadian Reconstruction
Association, in which they set
forth what they considered a
number of damning points against
the Soviet government of Russia,
%ho had confiscated tho land,
confiscated the railroads, confiscated the mines, confiscated the
factories, and in fact, the word
confiscated was "written bo large
and so often that one got the impression that something had been
going on in Russia. It seemed as
though somebody in the name of
law and order, good fellowship,
and the sanctity of human life*
had been taking from somebody
without paying somebody compensation. And throughout the
Christian world, capitalists of
deep .religious feeling, and high
moral ■ fibre, were sending up a
ory to Ood against this wicked
perfidy.
But now Mr. Justice Morrison
has handed down a judgment,
which ought to lay this confiscation bogey by the heels for all
time. It won't, however, because
the heads of a large percentage
of the human race are constructed apparently upon the principle
of the slave. They will forget all
about Mr. Justiee Morrison's
Judgment, and whenever a Socialist speaker begins to talk about
the taking over of the means of
wealth production for the common good, eome Juggins or other
will be there as usual to pop up
and oak with de%i» rellgluus fervor, lf he has uot overlooked the
moral aspect cf.the question.
Mr. Justice Morrison, In giving
hls^verdict with regard to the application for compensation on the
part of the liquor Interests, said:
"There are several rights subject
to which property Is held, as for
Instance the right of taxation; the
right of eminent domain, and the
right of the Legislature to invoke
their police power by which they
may pass laws to promote the
general welfare of the publlo."
When a government exercises
Its right of eminent domain, It
must compensate the party who
suffers loss by the appropriation
ot his private property, . but according to the justices of our
capitalist courts, lt Is perfectly
legitimate for a Legislature to enact laws for the good of the public without compensating any one
who is injured thereby.
In the very same manner, therefore, as the Soviet government
enacted laws confiscating the land
of the Russian aristocrats and
German financiers for the welfare
of the peasants who farmed the
land, so our capitalist government of British Columbia enacts
a law to confiscate the boose business, and the capitalist government of the United States confiscates millions of dollars worth of
booze without compensation, and
without a qualm of conscience.
It has been said "the law Is an
aw." It Is perfectly true. The
ass Is vory stupid, but very useful; so is law. The Socialists of
Russia, who are now the mainstay of the Soviet government,
learned something about law from
tho minions of the Czar, Just
prior to the war, thero were 30,-
000 members of the Russian Social Democratic Party in jail, 10,-
000 of thom being women, according to the figures of the International Socialist bureau. Every
single one of them was learning
law at the expense of tho Czar.
The Russian Socialist!, learned
something about luw when they
were .spotted and arrested and
sent to Siberia on the information
of those men, who for a few
pieces of silver, engage In the
most desplcabto and Infamous of
all occupations, the occupation of
a "stool pigeon."
Tho Russian Socialists learned
something about law when their
homes wore raided and their private papers seized by the police.
Thoy learned something of law
when their mootings were forbidden, thoir press confiscated and
their loadors seized, and railroaded to the mines In Siberia.
But the most Important lesson
which Impressed Itself in letters
of firo upon their souls, was
learned on that clear winter's day
when, without a moment's warning, the hired assaasslng of tho
Czar opened fire upon an unarmed crowd, and tho blood of
thousands of men and women
reddened the snow of the Nevesky
Froapekt
In Canada we are also learning
law. And when we come to think
It over very calmly; when wo
take a backward glanco through
tho pages of hiBtory; when wo
think of the thumb-screw and the
rack, and tho faggot, and tho gallows, when we think of the prohibitory laws of Catholics, or Protestants, of Puritans; when we
think of tho crucifixion of slaves
in Rome, and tho tying of Rlris
t0 stakes In the Solway Firth in
Scotland, we find that there Is
only one thing tn learn about law,
and lt Is this: "Whatever you can
enforce Is right"
And when thero are sufficient
people In this country, sufficiently
enlightened to understand that
their miseries ahall not cease until the means of production of tho
necessities of life aro commonly
owned and commonly administered
then we shall pass a law confiscating them te the public good.
Moreover, If the poor and destitute vultures who havo for generations boen battening upon human blood, raise their heads In
protest against our action, and
appeal to the moral law, we ahall
smile benignly upon them and
say In tho words of Mr. Justice
Morrison: "We roslet the alluring
Invitation, oxtended to seductively by your spokesmen to accompany them Into the realm of moral law.'1
Continual delay regarding the dental visit
is the cause of endless pain and expense. It is a
matter which should bo looked at squarely—
this one of deteriorating teeth—and not avoided. The belt
way to deal with it is to make an appointment at once, for
examination and an estimate of your neods. This will bo
a start In tha right direction. Evea if you da not basis tha work yea
will know wkst yon require snd whst yon will store by avoiding daisy. Every
day adif te tha dentil bill yea will ultimately have lo pay, sad perhaps
doctor bills will complicate tha aitutloo. Hay I remind yon that "Grady
grade" dentistry to eartfel and conscientious service at every atage and al
■ederate, definite charges t Peraonal aervice at tha chair. Guarantee al taa
yean for all wark
__t$^'!!%.*
ORJSRADY
jiAbiii-ud BLtottiC, «Uiiu> ut' o-«moo«
A Downstairs
Shoe Sale    *
Shoe Prices Cot Down to the Limit
OUB Downstairt Department Marts Ota flnt sale tomorrow, continuing all next woek. The regular priees in
the department are the lowest in Western Canada. Every
line further reduced during this sale.
Women's Boots, small sizes, Bell and Other
makes for ____.  32.85
Good shoes for men at.
...|5.95 and S6.95
"Steelite"yall leather boots—for boys and girls at low- x
est pricer.
Lcokies' Boys' Boots, sizes 1 to 5%.
Leekies' Youths' Boots, sises 11 to 13-
BOOT SHOP
3I9HASIINCSSTW
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Credit
Prices
Reduced
To clear our   fall   and'
winter stocks we have not
only reduced our prices
but have made our easy
payments easier than ever
—by making a very small cash first payment you can take
away any garment in the store.
You Don't Miss the Payment
Our lines of ladies' and men's clothing are well known
for their quality—they are made from the best of materials and represent the latest styles of the season.
COME AND SEE THEM
342 HASTINOS WZST-NEAB HOMBR
Fresb Ont Flowers, Funeral Deaiflu, Wed diss Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental asd Shade Tree,, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Inndilas
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
„ FLOBISTS ANO NOUBKTHBX
8-8TOBE9-2
48 Hastings Street East 788 Oranvillo Stnet
Seymour 988-678 Seymour SB1S
BUY UNION-MADE SHOES
Mr. Union Man, when you buy shoes look for the Union
Stamp. It is the best assurance that you are getting full
valuo for your money.
Our shoes are Union-made by the best shoemakers in the
country.
Quality considered, our prices are the lowest.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
QUANTITY production—quality matorial.—machinery   bu
mado baker'• bread cheaper and better than home made.
Try It.
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44 PAGE EIGHT
twelfth year.  No. 6    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. p.
FIUDAY ..January 88,  1981
Buy Your Groceries
THE WOODWARD WAY
It's by far the easiest as well as the most economical way.
All goods are in plain view, prices marked and labeled.
All you have to do is select what you want from thc
shelves and tables, bring it to the counter and your marketing is done. No mistakes—no delays. Here are a few
of our specials for
One Week, Commencing Friday, January 30th.
Lumber Barons
Looking for Trouble
(Continued from pago one)
The New Industrial Peace Bird
Popping Corn, per lb.
Eagle Milk, per tin	
Reindeer Milk, per tin
. 15o
.2 U:
Lipton's Tea, grey
per lb.  	
label,
Empress Vinegar, per bot. Wt:
H.P. Sauce, per bot 30c
Lily Brand Chicken Had-
die, per tin 24c
Toitet Paper, rolls  5c
Desslcated Cocoanut,
per lb 32c
Maple Leaf MHk, tin . .18 He
Magic Washing Tablets,
per pkt ;,., .17c
Woodward's Bar Soap,
per bar   S4c
Old Dutch Cleanser, tin .. »o
| -Finest Sago, per lb. lO^c |
Lux,. per pkt  12c
Quaker Tomatoes, 2\_e,
per tin 20o
Quaker Peas, 2s, per tin .20c
Quaker Corn, 2s, per tin ,18c
Quaker Pork and Beans,
per tin   ._ 7c
Van Camp's Tomato Soup
per«tin  ..■ Ho
Sunlight Soap, 4 bars ... 29c
Golden West Soap* pkt.: . .28c
Royal City Tomatoes, 2
lb. tin  r 15^e
Japan Rice, per lb.- .,.15!£c
I   Cream of Wheat, pkt. 24c I
Instant Postum, per tin . .25c
Coleman's Mustard, 1-lb.       .
tins 90c
Coleman's Mustard,
Vj-lb. tins 45o
Coleman's Mustard,
%-lb.  tins    25c
White Rose Pastry Fiour,
10-lb.  sack    71o
Nabob Jelly Powders, all
flavors, per pkt lie
Empress White and Black
Pepper, per tin  ......10c
Malkin'* Best White Pepper,
H-lb. tin   .....80c
Dominion Matches, 800
In box 19c
Dominion Matches Black,
- 800 in box  28o
Van Camp Clam Chowder
Soup, tin   14o
Van Camp Tomato Soup,
•   per tin    >'.. .14c
Seedless Raisins, 12 oz.,
per pkt. 19c
-|   Finest Tapioca, lb. .10^7]
Seeded Raisins, 15 oz.,
per pkt 22c
Currants, 16 oz., per pkt. 28c
Canadian Macaroni, 16 oz.,
per pkt 15c
FRUIT DEPARTMENT SPECIALS
Cox's Finest Pippin Eating.
Apples, No. 1 quality, 3 lbs,
for   • 21c
Jonathon's, Finest No. 1 quality, 3 lbs. Tor ." .'.21o
Lemons, fine find juicy,
* per doz 20c
Jap Oranges, guaranteed full
boxes and all sound, per
box 49c
Large Oranges, extra special
and juicy, per doz 83c
Soft Shelled Walnuts, lb. SOc
GET   IT   AT   WOODWARD'S
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The [MX Loggers' Boot
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. Vt)S & SON
63 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Plume Seymour 556
Repairs Done While You Wait
Bargains
— IN	
Abundance
At our pre-inventory sale we have abundance
of bargains in merchandise that you are in need
of. These specials are below wholesale cost today and represent the nearest to pre-war prices
you will find in the city.
Note the Prices on Specials
Quoted Below
earble, lt appears that the money
paid for the advertisement will be
wasted.
A Question of Profits
The real reason for the attacks
being made on tho organization by
the lumber interests is not hard tc
discover, It is simply a question oi
profits. The lumber interests are
organized In their One Big Union,
not for the purpose of trying to
make better conditions for the
workers, but simply for the express purpose of malting profits.
They realize that as the workers In
the lumber industry become better
organized they will demand a better standard of living; thereforo,
rather than give them conditions
suitable for human beings, they resort to all kinds of despicable* tactics to try and break up the organization in order to protect their
profits. They seem to think r.4»ut
they are the only   decent   citizens
and possess all   the   brain*   andi    Now you worlc at tllc Logging Camp nnd attend their meetIng8,   Be
I hiii'iklrtr^    vhrtiim     lln    bntU  iw      t ft    all..    .......-i   \i~. _._ _  . ■ .. u
Heavy Ribbed Wool Underwear; regular $3.00,
to clear at $1.95
Arrow Shirts, reg. $2.75,
$3 and $3.50, to clear
at $2.25
Bull Dog, Twin Bute,
Mogul and Carhartt
Ovoral Is, $1.60,
$1.75, $1.95, $2.45
Line of good Shirts to
clear at $1.50
Work Shirts to clcar..80£
Men's Caps at 75^
Winter Overcoats to clear
at $17 to $25
Men's Tweed Suits, beautiful patterns and wool
materials; a good $40
suit for 	
$45 for 	
And $50 suits for....$40
There is no place in the city where you can get values
like we offer.
Save Your Money and Buy from Ua
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West
therefore should bo entitled to all
the profits, never for one moment
realizing that profits are simply
the unpaid labor of the workers.
As soon, however, as the workers
show an Inclination to become decent citizens, by raising their standard of living, which they are attempting to do,' by organizing In
the One Big Union, a howl goes
up, for they realize that should the
workers become organized on a
class basis and demand the full
product of their labor, that the
profit system would soon be eliminated and that they would have to
become useful workers as there
would be no more profits to enable
them to live in luxury while the
workers ^vho were doing the aetual
producing lived in fear of want all
the days of their lives.
Strength in Numbers
The L. W. I. U. was not brought
into being for the purpose of destroying things, as that is not the
function of the working class. It
was brought into being by members of the working class who were
not satisfied with the intolerable
conditions under which they had
to labor, for the express purpose of
making conditions in the lumber
camps flt for a human being to live
and work under. Many of Its members have seen active service In the
recent war, where they were supposed to be fighting for democracy,
and now upon their return to civil
life they flnd they cannot be active
members in the Labor movement of
this great and glorious land of democracy without running the
chance of being blacklisted.
It took numbers to win the war
for the Allies, and it will take
numbers to win the war for the
workers, therefore members should
realize that there is strength in
numbers, and bend every effort In
securing new members and not rest
content until ovory member in the
lumber industry Is a member of
the L. W. I. U. Don't forget the
slogan 50,000 in 1920, for when
that number is reached the members should be In a position tot dictate the terms upon which they
will sell their labor power, instead
of as at present, in many cases
having to aecept whatever terms
and conditions their masters dictate.
Mill Workers Actlivo
Now that the Engineers and Mill
Workers' Unit has decided to become a part of the L, W. I. U., the
mill workers seem to be becoming
quite enthusiastic, as at the branch
meeting held in Maillardville last
week thirteen new members signed
up, and from all indications it
looks as though the mill worker
has at last realized tho necessity
of becoming organizod and has decided to throw in his lot with his
fellow workers in the logging
camps In order to establish the }G
minimum that was endorsed at the
recent convention of the UW.I.U.
SOCIALISTS ANSWER
ANNEXATION QUESTION
Don't Want  to  Strengthen  Hand
of Swiss Clerical Parly
The working class movement
of Vorarlberg has rendered
opinion on the mooted question
of whether that little country shall
be joined to Switzerland or to
Germany. Through the central
executive of the Socialist Party,
the workers of Vorarlberg have
declared that for economic reasons a union with Germany is preferable to one wtlh Switzerland.
Under the heading "Hands off,"
the Berner Tagwacht, the official
dally organ of the Swiss Socialist
Party, attacks the propaganda ln
Switzerland for tho annexation of
Vorarlberg.
The Tagwacht avers that all the
annexation of the Austrian province would accomplish would bo
to strengthen thc Swiss Clericals
and save the investments of the
capitalists In Vorarlberg's mills
and water power plants.
Where is your union button!
STBIKE SUPPRESSED;
ALL STLiKERS DEAD
So Says Report from Chilean Government Referring to
1919  Striko
Newcastle, N. S. W.—News of a
revolution In Chile which has
been suppressed in American papers for almost a year, leaked
through to Australia. According
to the West Coast Leader of Lima,
Peru, general strikes In February,
1819, grew into a revolution which
was put down only when hundreds and thousands of men were
shot.
Antofugasla and Punta Arenas
•wore the centres of the movement. The Chilean government
began sending troops against the
strikers, who tried to enlist them
In their cause. Tho *'Esmeralda"
regiment sent up from the south
was completely won over to the
side of the strikers. Thereupon
every fifth man was shot, some
800  altogether.
After tho strike waB quashed
the leaders were abandoned on an
island.
Following Is tho brief oillcial
report mado by the authorities:
'Strikes suppressed, All strikers
dead.    Everything quiet."
Shcrloco—Wising up a Bird
a good listener and get a line on the most active ones. Report anything
you see or hear to your boss; you've got a good thing on here Bo. Give
us the information—you'll never be lived. These other guys are going
to the Mines and Mills, etc.
Andrews' List of
Undtesirable Citizens
(Continued from page 1)
18 Concention held ln Calgary, Alberta, In February, 1919, and
other delegates to the so-called
Western Labor Conference at Calgary ln March, 1019, and other
members of the Strike Committee
in the" city of Winnipeg and all
other persons who assisted, aided
or abetted In any of the said conventions,   conferences  and  strike;
named aoove. -The press committee in chnrge of said newspaper included the defendants Robert B.
Russell and William Ivens as well
as E. Robinson, H. G. Veitch, G.
Barlow and others, and of which
newspaper the accused William
Ivens was editor and the accused
John Queen was advertising manager.
At the time of the commencement of tho Great War the accused
Russell, Queen, Armstrong and
Pritchard, and F. J. Dixon and
Sam Blumenberg, among others
manifested seditious intentions by
speeches and writings.    The   said
lea, who assisted, aided and abet
ted in the carrying out of the seditious intention aforesaid.
3. When was the seditious Intention originated?
Answer:—The Crown cannot say
the exact time when the seditious
intention originated but it now appears that lt had come" into being
before 1910 when Daniel De Leon
drew up the diagram of organization which Lenine and Trotzky
used for establishing Soviet Government In Russia, a copy of which
diagram was forwarded ■ by Rose
Rendorson of Montreal to the defendant Robert B. Russell in
April,-1919, which was published
on the flrst page of the Issue of the
Western Labor News of April 25th,
1919, whfch weekly newspaper was
published by the Winnipeg Tra-les
and Labor Council, which inciirled
the accused A. A. Heaps and o.hers
Mention, the Fedorationist whon
you make a purchase at a store.      [
v;l,A^K;^aJlTtnc?/.the^^0lsh0";^dhU,^ intentions have grown In
viks in the United States of Amer-:extellt and virulence as time has
gone on since, and the original conspirators have been joined from
time to time by others named above
and still others unknown. Prior
to the Ti'Ldos and Labor Congress
held In Quebec lifcSeptember, 1918,
it showed itself in an attempt to
get control by the reds of the said
congress and to have resolutions
passed and measures taken looking
towards and which would assist in
the carrying out of the seditious
Intention set out in the indictment;
and further on the failure to have
such resolutions passed and measures taken by and at said Congress, the said seditious intention
was manifested in the meeting of
western delegates during or immediately after the sessions of said
Congress and the resolve lo call a
conference in Western Canada,
nominally 0f labor men of Western Canada, but in reality, of
Reds, dishonestly masquerading as
labor men, for the purpose of Imposing on organized labor in Canada or Western Canada the I. W.
W. under the alias of the O. B. U.
and fastening upon organ.nod
labor the red doctrines and the Immoral, destructive and revolutionary principles of the Communists
and Red Socialists, more properly
called the Socialist Party of Canada, which doctrines and principles are directed to wipe out all
sentiments of faith in God, respect
for fellow men, sanctity of marriage and the family, love of country, regard for life and property,
j In a word all principles of lellglon
and nationality and to overturn
and subvert the present system of
constitutional government of the
Dominion of Canada*, by foroe, in
order to bring about a condr.lon of
chaos and tyranny such as exists in
Russia and to give control of the
Dominion of Canada or a part
thereof to the ambitious conspirators under the guise of a su-cullo'd
government by the workers, or tbo
dictatorship of the proletariat. Tlio
snld seditious intention further
manifested itself In the activities
of the the Socialist Party of Canada and Its members In seditious
literature and propaganda disseminated by them between themsolver
and others, for the purpose of
furthering the-«tid seditious intention set out in the Indictment and
directed towards the obtaining control of truo labor organizations by
the Reds and for the purposes of
the Reds and through this control
to use such labor organizations by
mass action and other means, to
obtain control of the government
In Canada and also the control of
all Industries and of capital, for a
section of the community which
they term "the workers." And as
a further means of carrying out
the seditious intention set forth in
the said indictment lo obtain control of various Trades and Labor
Councils and other lubor organizations and through such control to
use the meeting of the Alberta
Federation of Labor at Medicine
Hat early in the year 1919, the
United Mino Workers, District IS,
Convention at Calgary In February, 1919, and the British Columbia Federation of Labor Conference  at Calgary  In  March,  1919,
SOCIALIST COMMUNITY
HELP THEMSELVES
Profiteer Was Not Able to Gouge
Tilts French  Population
Paris—What co-operation can
do for a community even i|i the
midst of a devastating war, has
been shown by Pavilllon-sous-Bois
a French town.
Since 1915, the town, which Is
a Socialist community of 10,000
people, has owned and administered its meat and milk and all
food supplies, and has operated
complete system of municipal restaurants and kitchens. The people cultivate their fields ln common and operate industries, such
as a factory for military uniforms
which, during the war, employed
700 women and made substantial
profit* for the workers,
While the rest of France want
through periods of profiteering
and famine in coal, milk and potatoes, this community always had
plenty at normal prices. The surplus from municipal eating places
and other activities was so large
that a new town hall was erected.
The people proudly declare that
they "have not one sou of debt."
for the purpose of packing the
so-called Western Labor Conference at Calgary with so-called
Reds and dishonest supporters of
the said conspirators and thereby
to form a new and unlawful organization to be called the "One
Big Union." The formation of
such organization was arranged
and provided for at such Conference at Calgary together with
provision for literature, speech
and other propaganda with various reds and labor men, for the
purpose of forwarding the formation and organization of the
said One Big Union throughout
the Dominion of Canada and of
calling strikes for the purpose of
assisting and carrying out the
formation and organization of the
said One Big Union arid compelling compliance with its demands,
and thereby furthering or carrying out the said seditious intention set forth In the said indictment. And the said seditious intention further manifested itself
in the calling of a general sympathetic strike in Winnipeg, commencing on tho 15th day of May,
1919, particulars of which Baid
strike are set out in the said indictment, and extending the said
strike to embrace many cities and
other places throughout tlio whole
of Western' Canada as well as
certain plnces in Eastern Canada,
all in furtherance of the said seditious intention; and tlie persons above named and others
_from the inception of the said
seditious Intention from time to
time joined in the conspiracy and
aided and abetted the execution
thereof but at what exact dates
any of the said persons joined
in the said conspiracy or began
to assist ln carrying It Into execution the Crown cannot at present state.
4. When did the accused agree
and   conspire 7
Answer:—The particulars asked for in this question are contained In the answer to question
3. The accused Johns' prior to
the Quebec Congress above referred to wa* a - co-conspirator
with the said Russell named in
the indictment and the accused
Armstrong, the accused Ivens and
the accused Queen were parties
to the said conspiracy prior to
the Walker theatre meeting of
the 22nd December, 1918. The
accused Pritchard was a party to
the said conspiracy long prior tn
the Western Labor Conference
at Calgary In March, 1919, 'which
he attended as a delegate. The
accused Heaps was a party to
the said conspiracy prior to the
Winnipeg Strike of May 15th,
1919, In which he aided, abetted and assisted. The accused
Bray also was a party to the said
conspiracy during the said strike. I
. 5, -Where did the accused.
agree and conspire? |
Answer:—The accused consplr-,
ed nt various and divers places'
In the Dominion of Canada, including thc city of Quebec In thc
province of Quebec, the city of
Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba, tho cities pf Edmonton and \
Calgary in the province of Alberta and the city of Vancouver
In the province of British Columbia.
6. Whnt was the nature of the
conspiracy?
Answer:—The nature of tho
conspiracy is set out ln thc indictment.
7. What  was  thc  conspiracy?
Answer:—The conspiracy Is set
out   in   the   indictment,
8. At what timo did each of
the accused become a party to
the _ conspiracy?
Answer:—This has already been
answered in the particulars given
In answer to question 3.
9. What other persons known
to tho Crown besides the accused
were parties to the conspiracy
and when did they agree with the
accused as to tho conspiracy?
Answer:—The   particulars   here
Tho Winnipeg Plumbers havo
gone over to the O. B. U. This
action was decided at a regular
meeting of the International Union held In that city last week.
It has taken a long time but the
plumbers themselves are highly
elated over the result. The Steam
Shovelmen went O. B. U, on the
same date.
Tlie Youngest Bondholder
At last the youngest Workers
Liberty bondholder. has been
found. It Is Wtlma McGregor,
aged nine months. Another young
bondholder Is to be found In the
same family in Jessie, aged five
years.
Nemo Please Note
If "Nemo," who wrote a letter
to Nemesis, will call at The Federationist offlce, or send his address, he will receive a reply to
his  communication.
Big
Alteration Sale
Owing to the fact that wo are enlarging our
window space we have been unable to make a
window display this week—just step in and
inspect our exceptional values. Our stock must
be considerably reduced, making room for our
new Children's Department, which is now open.
Note a few of j»ur sale prices below.
WATER-PROOFS
Regular $30
Neat and Stylish
$
15
WOMEN'S
COATS
REGULAR 135
Only $15
OPEN
A
CREDIT
ACCOUNT
MEN'S
0'COATS
VALVE |23.50
$10
Silk Dresses *18so Mr
Travellers' Samples—A few sample overcoats and raincoats
greatly reduced. Open n credit awotmt^-pay a small deposit nnd
the balance "Pay the easy way."' It Is so easy to
DRESS WELL OX EASY TERMS AT TUB
New York Outfitting Co.
LIMITED
143 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Opp. Province Ollicc
Phone Seymour 11.61
asked   for  are  given  in   the  answer to questions " and 3.
Because of the late date of the
demand uud the limited time at
the Crown's disposal these particulars cannot lib given In greater detail. The Crown also Intimates that the particulars herein, for the most part, eame to
the notice of the Crown during
the progress of the trial of Hob
ert B. Russell under the indictment herein and in view of thc
late date of thc demand and the
consequent Impossibility of going
into those with complete detail,
the Crown reserves to itself tho
right to adduce further evidence
as the case proceeds. The Crown
also calls the attention of the accused to thc particulars furnished
by the evidence at the preliminary
investigation of this case and also
the trial of Robert B. Russell,
the  facts  adduced at  which   are
already within   the   knowledge   of
counsel  for the accused.
Dated   at   Wininpeg   tbis   20th
day of January, A, D.  1920.
ALFRED JOSEPH  ANDREWS,
Counsel for the Crown,
oil is KING
Are you in touch with ictlvt-
tln In the grut fioldi of Turn
and Loulaiitnn, where thon»ndl
nre making the blggeit fortuno
ever known; where cmtll Investment! brim independence? Oor
WEEKLY MARKET LETTER
will give you the litest tnd
moet complete information on
drilling; oil itock market; flh>-
ductlon fleuros; lease valuw.
IT IS FREE!
Southwestern Trust Co.
FORT WORTH, TEXAS
Clip and Mail Thli
'THE liABQBST STORE FOR MEN IN THE WEST
Shoe Specials
that mean money
Get Your Raincoat
Now and Save Money
25% REDUCTION ON ALt RAINCOATS
This means yeu can buy a—
$20.00 COATifor $15.00
$25.00 COATifor : $18.75
$30.00 COAT if or $22.50
$35.00 COAT for $26.75
-SHOP OF- -   '
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
514 GRANVILLE STREET
The Rest
On
Something
Else
Every time you need a pair of shoes you set aside a fixed sum
for Iheir purchase. Here is your ehauec to make your shoe
money buy you a good pair of shoes, and something else, too.
We overbought on shoes—a large part of our stock must be
cleared out in a few days. Our prices on all these lines are
practically cut in half—you can use your money to double advantage at Dick's.
Dick's shoes are honest shoes—like everything else in tho
store—when you buy a pair you may be sure you arc getting
the best for service aud style.
These Are Typical Dick Values
, • Of  the  best   gunmetal
Boys coif;     Goodyear   welt, -
Dress Boots       witl1  Rinex or leather
soles — a boot that will
lost—sizes 1 to bMi—re^llaiiy   sold   at
.8.00-
TT, S. Army MunBeri lust
Made For       —a boot that gives ex-
Hard Wear      tra l0"B Ilm* flotisfac-
tory  service—In   black
«r brown—$15.00 value-—
$4.95;
$8.95
( This line Includes suoh
Mon S SiZ6S       famous makes as Mc-
8 to 12 Pherson's       Anti-Wet,
Doctor Special and Doctor Antiseptic—in black and brown—regular to $15.00—   ■
$7.95
Black or Brown — of
web guaranteed solid leather
Make Boots     —this is a boot that
combines workmanship
and very best materials—17,50 value—
$5.95
( In finest black or brown
Men 8 calf; Neolin sulos — a
DreSS Boots       fine-  dressy  boot  with
good wearing   qualities
—all sizes—values to $12.00—
$5.95
Every shoe sold bears
the Dick guarantee of
quality—"Your Money's
Worth or Your Money
Back."
L
WM. DICK LTD.
33-45-47-49 Hastings St. Hast
  .	
 i —— • - — —~

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