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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 17, 1919

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Array K.-„;iir-"-----^
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
DTJSTBIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPBB:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB,
POLITICAL UNITT:. VICTORY
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 42
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY MOONING, OCTOBER 17,1919
$2.00 PER YEAR
IP
BYLil.ll.
f wo More Strikes Settled
to Satisfaction of
Camp Workers
knottier Boss Gets Stung
by Hiring Men Under
False Pretences
Striko. Battled tbii weok on terms
Eitlrfiotory to (to Logger. Unit
). B. V. wore those at P. B. Aoder-
oa'i enmp, Knox Boy, and Yapp
nd Walker', at Seeholt.
Exceedingly good report, are re
loived from Chaw and Enderby.
Vhere the men ot the Adam. Biver
Lumber Oompany are on strike,
heir actWities being exceedingly
roll organized, including their owa
ommlsariat, dry squad and police
omiuittee. They have held two
onferencH with the employers, who
onccdod everything bat the eight*
our day. Tho men were asked to
oupromlae on the basis of niae
onr., but refused. The full support
1 the whole organization is behind
I hem ln their light.
Other strikes still on hand are at
ierrlll, Blag * Moore Dunoan Bay;
ampbell Urer Lumber Company,
tag Bay; Capilano Timber Corn-
any; Mainland Cedar Company,
-amp 8, Thompson Sound; also the
dnera at Kimberley. In cornice*
lon with the latter an interesting
ittlo incident occurred. Tho 0. V.
brought In about 60 men from
IVinnipog to act as strikebreakers,
lut when the men found that a
Atrike was on they refused to work,
liaving been informed at Winnipeg
hat thore was no labor trouble.
hoy asked to be shipped back to
[Winnipeg, and aa a rosult of the
■transaction tho company la about
MOO out of pocket, but have laarn-
Jed a lesson ia working class solidarity.
This week Ave   organisers   havo
Ibeon aent out to territory which had
■not boen previously organlied, but
lawny requests have been<received
■ from the districts and a large body
[ of .men are always employed.
Information   haa   been   received
to   the   effect   that   a   eompaay
la putting in the machinery for aa
up-to-date ateam laundry  at Blind
Channel aad that it will be   in   a
position to collect and deliver laundry every tnek by launch and undertake to lo lt at prices not In
txeois of those charged   is   town.
This will do away with the bosses'
argument that it la   impossible   to
provide the improved   clean   linen
and bedding conditions owing to tho
impossibility of getting the laundry
work properly attended to.
.,  Bccently many complaints  have
keen rocelvod concerning non-receipt
OT insufficient supply of literature.
The "Fed." is   mailed   from   the
offlee of the paper and the bundle is
in' proportion to the   number    of
1 anion men reported as boing in the
camp—one In threo or five) whichever is desired* Often' the delegate
omits to report changes in* tho number of union members in camp, aad
(t is particularly accessary to do
this ia cases where big iraf rove*
■ents are made la the extent of tho
Urbanization.
Tho Worker is Issued the first and
third Thursdays in the month and
ll seat from headquarters, and the
number is in accord with information available. Whenever possiblo a
bundle of general working class lit'
eraturo Is sent the alternate week
to that in which the Worker is sent,
put occasionally it la placed ia tho
mme parcel.
If you do not receive those papera
Jeguiarly, aud in sufficient quanti-
ies, find out if the fault is at your
ind, and if not thon write head-
laarters, giving all necessary infor-
natlon.
Are. yoar dues paid up to date!
lave you got improved working and
iving conditions in accordance with
ke schedule drafted at the convenient Where da the men who come
i your oamp get their jobs! Is it
rom tke union employment office or
rom tho bosses; particularly the
eabhirlag outfitt If the latter,
Aat ara you going to do about ttt
lie question has to be faced sooner
ir later.   Why not now!
What about that 15,000 member-
hip by tho end of the year; have
ou done anything toward accou-
dishing itl If your camp la not 100
■er cant, organised, why not! If
ou know of a camp which is not
rganiaed, or has aot a delegate, ao-
Ity headquarters. If you want to
o your bit along more activo lines
here ara a few camps where taa
on la particnlarly antagonistic to
ho union. Oet in here aad bring
hem up to the standard.
AT
O'BRIEN It
Will Speak at Open Forum
on Sunday Afternoon
October 19
J. S. Woodsworth, of sedition fame,
will apeak in O'Brion Hall on Sunday afternoon at 2.30 under tho Auspices of .the Open Forum. Admission is freo, but a collection will be
taken up and tho proceeds ovor and
above expenses will be turned over
to the V&.   nog defense fund.
THE CAUSE OF THElEX-SERVICE MEN
tht^ *tj lengthening ont,
es in 4 r Party circles are
% up St,   Miy.   Ono of the
libok*     y Debating Clan
With
activities
livening
latest evldcnct this activity ia
the formation o. Federated Labor Party Debv . Club. Two
woeks ago a meeQ, was held of
thoso interested in*, 'ormation of
auch a club, and tho »...nization arrangements made. Last Wednesday
evening, another meeting of tho club
was held, when the constitution was
completed and aides chosen for tho
first debate. It was decided that the
first debate be held Saturday, Oct.
86, in the party rooms at 510 Dominion building, and that the subject of
the debate should be: "Resolved,
that parliamentary action is more
efficient than industrial action."
Oomrade A. Mclnnis will act as
chairman of tho meoting. Comrado
Dr. W. J. Curry is to bo "chief
critic" of tho debatora in thia club.
Five-minute discussions after the
debato.
HF.OFL
I TO
OM HIA BODY
[Local Carpenters Endorse
Toronto Resolution for
Referendum
At the last nieeting of the amalga*
anted section of the U. B. Carpenters in tho elty, a resolution from a
Toronto local calling for tha taking
of a referondum vote of tho Canadian membership on the question of
Affiliating with the O. B. V. was
■ead. The resolution was endorsed
by a vote of 18 to 1. The raffle for
[the tools of the late Bro. J. A. Wll*
llamson was held, Bro. Oeorge Buck
being the winner.
ab Bailway Men and New Oouncll
The Street aad Blectric Railway
Employees at their meeting last
week, decided by a vote to 180 io 9
not to affiliate with the new International Tradaa Council,
Radicals Working Hard
for Control of A. F.
of L. Machine
Washington — Yesterday's news
dispatches, statea: < Radical agitators
are working to gain control of the
thousands of men on strike in America today, aad of the thousands more
who are threatening, to striko, according to information received by
tho governmont from confidential
sources.
Conservatives Losing
W> 0- Lee of tho Brotherhood of
Railway Trainmen, sees in these
strikoa an indication that.the radicals aro breaking the grip of tho
conservative American Fedoration of
Labor on its own locals. Withia tho
last two days Loe said he felt as if
he were "sitting over a volcano" in
hui own organization.
Patronize Federationist advertisers aad tell them why yri do so,
Comparison of Wages Be*
tween White Men and
Chinese Is Subject
An interesting discussion took
place at tho meeting of tho Engineers and Mill Workors unit ot tho
0. B. U. on Monday last and considering it was a holiday whon as a
rule only tho workors who are deeply interested in thcir social welfare
take the troublo to attond thcir union meetings, tho meeting was well
attended.
Judging from tho enthusiasm displayed during tho discussion on why
shipyard workors and semi-skillod
Chinese in mills receive more wagos
than whito workors in mills. The
members who did attond tho meoting. wero certainly interested In finding out tho reason for certain phenomena In social affairs.
Some members were of the opinion
that the reason why white mill workers, received less wagos was on ae*
count of them being able to reproduce their labor power cheaper than
the Chlness workere, and others eon.
sidered that the reason was on ac*
count of lack of organization among
tho white workers whilo others considered lt was on account of tho mixture of Asiatic and white workers
in the WIU and that the Chinese
were bettor organized than the
whites. However, owing to the diversity of opinion the mattor was
laid over for furthor discussion and
all membors interested in this mat*
ter ahould mako it a point to be prei
ent at the meeting in Boom 802 next
Monday evaaing and express their
views oa this subject.
Business Agent W. A. Alexander
ll out of the city for a week and is
investigating what Ufa on a farm
feels like and seeing that he haa
been on the job as business ageat
for noarly three years without a holiday the change should do him good.
Upon his return he intonds to enter
vigorously into the work of organizing the mill workers and desires
all members to corporate with him
in trying to make B. C. 100 per
eent. 0. B. U.
i.J?°i !.ity  ,e,mPloT«os   discovered
that they could save $3 por ton
purchasing coal on a cooperative
basis. Aid. Kirk, who is alleged
to kave some eoal mining interests,
baa had tho scheme sidetracked
the city council, who was askod w
finance the scheme for tho benefit
of the public
by
BULLETINS WANTED
For record purposes, wa desire to
have six copies of Nos. 2-10 ud 11
of the Btrike Bulletins. Readers wbo
bave kept then coptoi wtll confer a
favor by sending at thli number et
tii above
ERS' STRIKE
Lowest Wages in Province
Paid to Metalliferous
Miners
Company Refuses Recognition of Men's Organization
The following statement, issuod by
the preu committee of the Kimberley miners, as to the strike in that
district, shows very plainly the issue
at stake. Money can be found for
development, but nothing for an increase of wages, which the company
recognize^ the men Bhould have. Tho
flght ia ont that should interest
everyworker in the Provinco.
On August 27, 1910, a speeial
meoting of Goodwin Unit of the 0.
B. U>, was hold and a demand made
on the eompany for #1.00 per day
flat inerease; also giving the company seven, days to consider same.
Vhat followed was a visit from B. 0.
Blaylock, general1 manager, o*' September 11, 1010, called a meoting of
employees, laying off the 3 o'clock
shift so that tho meoting could be
held. Mr. Blaylock ignored the faet
that thore was an organization of
any kind in the camp. Ho met with
strong opposition; he practically admitted that our demands wcro not
unreasonable, but in viow of tho fact
that the company was on thc eve of
negotiating a loan of seven million
dollars to develop the Sullivau proporty, they would havo to continuo
to pay their usual ten por cent, dividend, in order to raiso tho money.
What happened to tho slavo producing the ore he apparently did not
consider, or caro so long ns the ten
per eent. was pnid on tho loan required.
The next development was, the
boya hold ft meeting, and the.strike
wus called unanimously. After about
two weeks ,the strike committee received a phone message from.Gran-
brook from Mr. Harrison, Dominion
Fair Wage Officer for this district,
asking them to come to Cranbrook,
aB he was in communication with
Mr. Blaylock, and would try and affect a settlement. Thc striko committee went to Cranbrook, and after
waiting thore threo days, Mr. Blaylock arrived on the scene. The interview was short and awcot. Mr.
Harrison stated thnt he wae there
by orders of Senator Robertson, miu
istor of Labor, to keop tho trouble
from spreading, as he understood
that thore was a striko vote of the
district to be taken ,and hoped that
he would bo ablo. to effect a settlement.
Mr. Blaylock told Mr. Harrison
that ho absolutely refused to have
any dealings with the 0. B. IT. in
nny shapo, make or form. The committee offered to deul with the company as employees, but Mr, Blaylock
stated ho had no employees at thc
Sullivan mino. He stated his conditions were repudiate the 0. B. U.,
giving guarantees to this effect in
black and white, return to work un:
der the old wage, namely $4.50 and
$4.00, with no understanding that demand would be considered. Even
then every member of thc strike
committee was ashed individually if
they would repudiate tho 0. B. U.
forever, or at loast while they were
in tho company's employ. This they
flatly refused to do. Ono of the committee, a returned soldier, told Mt.
Blaylock that he had spent threo
yoars in the trenches in France lighting for freedom and democracy, and
that he would not sign away his
rights, few ns they wpre, to Mr.
Blaylock or his company.
Mr. Blaylock then loft tho room,
ignoring Mr. Harrison, who followed
him out, after being asked tho quostion of what ho would do if any of
tho striko committee curried things
through with such a high hand.
Mr. Harrison said I am not
through with Mr. Blaylock yet.
After seeing Mr. Blaylock, Mr.
Harrison followed thc strike committee on to the street, and told them
thatMr. Blaylock said that man with
thc roturned button should be man
enough to turn down an illegal organization, which sounds very woll,
coming from him, iu viow of tho
fact that when it comes to a matter
of dollars and cents, Mr. Blaylock
has always taken tho sf nnd. thnt he
will run his own business, and will
not be dictated to by any organization or muck pilo orators.
Mr. Harrison and Mr. Blaylock
waitod in Cranbrook for tha result
of the mass meeting in Kimberley,
the result of which was telephoned
In to them in Cranbrook next morning, to the effect that the men would
not give the desired repudiution of
the 0. B. U, in writing, but were
willing to continuo negotiations as
omployoes, as Mr. Blaylock had always insisted on doing in the past,
the men taking tho stand that as he
was not interested in the past as to
whether or not the man were in an
organization, it was a little too late
(Continued on page 8)
First of Series of Sunday
Afternoon Meetings
toBeHeld
On Sunday*next, the 10th, at 8:30
p.m., In the Knox Church, 182 Cordova Street East, the Ex-Soldiers'
and Sailors' Labor Couneil will hold
its first propaganda meeting for the
season. The speaker will be Chu.
Lestor. The Ex-Soldiere' and
Sailors' Labor Council of Canada
has for iti objeot the securing ot a
better understanding of condition*
ae they confront us, not merely ae
ex-service men, bat ae workere.
Thev are therefore organiaed with
a view to counteracting the efforts
of the employing elass to segregate
them from the other workers whose
interests are identical with theirs,
so that the whole of the workers,
whether ex-service men or other-
wise, will eventually understand
social conditions by their own interpretation.
The opening of the season was
marked by a very successful and enjoyable smoking concert held at
headquarters on Friday evening
last. The Ex-Soldiers wish to take
this opportunity of thanking all the
artists who participated for their
kind assistance, and to announce
that they propose to hold anothor
smoker in the near future.
PENNSYLVANIA MAT
HAVE GENERAL STRIKE
Another 500,000 Workers May Be
Drawn Into Strike Agalnit
tbe Steel mut
A call for special conventions of
tho Pennsylvania State Fedoration
of Labor and the Labor UnionB of
Pittsburg was authorized at a meet
ing of the Pittsburg Central Labor
Council at Pittsburg, for the purpose of uniting all the Labor forcos
for a genoral strike to regain civil
liberties for the workers in tho steel
districts of tho state of Pennsylva
nia.
"On or before Oct. 26," was the
date set. The conventions will be
held in Pittsburg.
Probably 900,000 workers in the
State of Pennsylvania will be involved in tke movement.
Christiania—In connection with
the lock-out of compositors, lithographers and chemists, the Board of
Trade Unions has announced sympathetic strikes in various industries.
Fifty thousand workers are affected.
ON TNE RUN IN
Abuse Campaign Stows
the  Unionist Forces
Have No Arguments
Every Vote for Labor Is a
Vote Against Autocratic Government
Judging from the statements of
the supportors of Dr. Tolmie in Victoria, T.. Barnard, the nominee of
tho Federated Labor Party, is going
to shako the political hones of the
Capital City as they havo not been
shaken for a long timo. Abuse is
the last resort of a beaten opponent,
end this form of campaign has been
started by Unionists, but calling
names will not win thc election.
Major Dick Burde, M. C, M. L. A.,
is supporting Barnard, who was
overseas with tho C. E. F., and many
prominent men who at the last election supported tho Unionist Oovernment arc now lining up with labor's
nominee. On Saturday Tom Richardson will speak on his behalf, and
Monduy next J. S. Woodsworth will
take the platform, and all next week
prominent speakers and workers in
tho labor movement of tbe Capital
Oity and Vancouver will tnke a part
in thc campaign. It has been said
that Barnard represents, unconstitu-
tionalism, and a lot more, rubbish,
when he is taking the constitutional
jvay of getting a blow at the Union
Oovernment. Every vote for Barnard will assist in. the defense of
the men arrested as a result of the
Winnipeg strike. Every vole for
labor is a vote against the present
government and its unconstitutional
methods of government.
Electrical Workers 213
Regular business meetings of
Local 213, Electrical Workers, will
bo held in the Union HaU on Monday evening. All members are requested to attend on account of a
special order of business.
DEFENSE FUND NOTES
In last week's issue the Toba Inlet Fishermen were   credited   with
♦7.25. This should have been ♦47.25.
When   through  with   this paper,
pass it on.
UBOR PARTY AT
Dr. W. J. Curry to Speak
on "Th'e Iron Heel in
the Class Struggle"
0» Bundsy evening next the Federated Labor Party meeting in the
Natioaal Theatre will be addremd
bf t_r. W- '• V"*1?- Comrade Curry
take* m hii lubject "The Iron
Heel in the Claie Struggle." Comrado W. Batt Till take the ehair at
8 p.m. Meeting begina at 7:30 with
reelfal by Ur. Julian Haywood.
Laat Sunday, although only the
tobi meeting thit aoaion of the
tljor Sohool, showed a Tory iati>-
faatyry increase in attendance. At
tho preient rate the attendance will
soon be up to that of laat year again.
Tin school ia meeting in OranviUe
Hall, 641 Oranvillo Street, at 2:30
pje, every Sunday. There are four
elastOB in the achool, including a
clasi in economics for the adults.
A good Hallowe'en programme
haa been arranged.for the social
that the Junior Labor League it
holding on November 1. The only
admission to be charged ia one book,
or the price of ono. Ib thit way
the'Leaguo hopot to increaie lit
library lOp per cent. The Hallow-
e 'on social is to be held in Oranvillo
Halt, 641 OranviUe Street.
The socond Labor Party whist
driVp and dance of the season will
be held next Thursday ovening,
October 23,' in O'Brien Hall. The
tiekcts are 50c for gentlemen and
25e for ladies. The committee says
'Wo had a good time last time,
we'll do it again."   Left go.
E
Executive Declares Anderson Camp Fair-
Council Endorses
IMUvates   Report   from
Congress—$300 for
V      Expenses
The Vancouver International
Trades mud Labor Couneil at its
regular meeting held last night in
the, Labor Temple endorsed the Repatriation" League, after Col. Molloy,
a- member of thc lengue, had ad-
dtcAcd the council.. Tho aims nnd
object of the league nro to do what
it can to help tho veterans in the
various complex problems that confront them pn return to civil life, to
try and coordinate nil tho community service work that is being done
in the city by various charitable in-
stitutions, and to foster the Bpirit of
Cooper tt tion between employer and
employee.
The council also endorsed the action of thc Canadian Overseas Mechanics Club in attempting td get a
gratuity from the government. In
the' discussion on this question it was
pointed out that the mechanic and
hts family fared pretty badly during
his work overseas, both in health
and finances, and that it was only
fair that he should receive some
further consideration for his services,
Thc new scale of the Soft Drink
Dispensers, which calls for a wage
of $5 per day for both men and
womon in steady employment, $7
•pctf day for extras, and 75 cents per
hour overtime, was endorsed.
Delegates McVety and Gutteridge
reported for tho Dominion Trades
and Labor Congress. Del. McVety
stated that the Congress had a
linger delegation {900) this year
than at any previous year, apparently on account of the desire of tho
Eastorn unions to oppose any O.B.U.
legislation. It was pointed out by
Del. McVety that although Senator
Robcrtuon had informed the Congress that the government was opposed to tho O, B. U., and would
not tolerate it, thnt thc government
has more 0. B. U. employees than
any other employer, and that the
(Continued on Page 8)
ST. RY. MEN
LOWER
Kimberley Miners Need
Financial Assistance
TBE FOLLOWING appeal for tetletnnce has been made by
the Kimberley minera, and evely organisation that has funds
. on hand should assist these men in their fight for decent
wages. In another column of thifitsue will be found tho statement of tho reason for the strike, fphich was ismicd by tho press
committee of the miners.
TO ALL OF OXCMMSED LABOB
Comrados and Fellow Workers:
Tho Motal Minen of Klmberley, Britiih Columbia, who aro
employed by tke Consolidated Mldttg and Smelting Oompany of
Canada, Limited, an on itrlke, taring struck for One Dollar
por day increase ia wages, to cokbat tho high cost of living.
Tho present rate of pay is 14.60 and 14.00 per day, tho lowest
rato paid in the Metalliferous Mining Industry ln tho Province.
The mlnen mado the demand for a Mlso of wagos on tho 8th .
of September! tht General Manager of the 0. M. and 8. Co. met *
the men four days lator and absolutely rofussd to grant an increase, while at the same time admitting that the men ln thoir
employ wore tht lowest paid ln the provinco ln the mining induttry, and statod ho had no apology to make for that state of
affairs.
Therefore, the only.courso left open to the mlnen of Klmberley, It to light this Company, whjch they are proceeding to do.
Owing to the inBuenn*. epidemic'last Fall and Winter months,
our District and Local Union exchequers are dopleted.
Thereforo wo appeal to all workers to help the miners of
Klmberley, by all Snanclal assistance pouible to wtn thit light
for a living wago.
All donations will bo received tnd acknowledged by,
A. 0. HARVEY, Bocntary-Treaourer.
T, & ROBERTS, Chairman.
By ordor of the District Executivo Board.
--.-r **'-ii-i--ri-*--i.i--ii-r---i.r..i
IN IN 13
Men Prove the Need for
Increase in Wages on
Cost of Living
Company Increases Capital Invested and Brings
Up Old Scores
Th* conciliation proceeding! be*
tween the B. C. Blectric Bailway
Company, and tho Street and Electric Bailway Employees was adjourned on Tuesday, but the sittings will
be resumed this morning, and it is
expected that the hearings of evi-
denee will be concluded thia week,
and the board, which was appointed
under the Lemieux Act, .will then
consider tho evidence presented, and
make its recommendations. The
board consists of Mr. H. A. Stone,
chairman, Reeve Fletcher, of Point
Grey, representing the company, and
T, J, Coughlin, representing the men.
The representatives of the men,
who are presenting their case, are
W. H. Cottroll, Vancouver, W. Vates,
New Westminster and W. Nunn,
Victoria. Tho chairman of the
board, Mr. Stone, has displayed considerable ability, and his eminent
fairness has struck all taking part
in the proceedings.
Increase in Capital
The men base their claims for
more wages on the increase in the
cost of living, the company as usual,
pleading poverty. By a strange manipulation of figures, the B. C. Electric Railway Compnny haB increased
ita amount of capital invested
from 1918 to 1019 about six
million dollars. In the statement
presented to the 1918 conciliation
board, the company showed its capital invested as being 43,440,816. The
statement presented at this time
shows tho capital invested as being
449,209,864.06. No doubt tho odd 6
cents is an extra si^-ccnt fare that
somehow got into tho capital invested. It has been said that anything
ean be proven by*figures, and when
tho last board was sitting, the company endeavored to prove by figures
that the alterations in. working conditions asked for would amount to
$208,490.00 in a year, whilo the figures given at this sitting by the men
Show that tho approximate cast
of the award given by the laat
board was $29,250.00. A considerable difference, to say the leant.
Proves Noed for lncreaae
On behalf of the men, W. H. Cottrell presented a tablo taken from
tho Labor Gazette, which shows that
tho same commodities that would
coat $1014 in 1910, cost 1143 in 1913
and $1837 iu 1916. Ue stated that
whilo thore niight be somo jnoccua-
eies in these figures at times, but
when covering a long poriod of
years, they arc almost bound to aver-
ige up and can be relied upon. This
would snow that the increase of the
cost of living was 77 per cent, botweon tho years 1910 and 1918, and
60 per cent, from 1913 to 1918. Ue
then asked that tho position of the
average motorman or conductor bo
considered. He pointed out that the
maximum wage in 1913 was 35 conts
per hour, or for a nine-hour day,
$3.15; in December, 1918, the maximum was 51c for eight hours, or
$4.08 for the day of eight hours,
an increase of 93 cents per day;
which was an increase of 29 per
eent. per day. He roferred to tbo
extra pay for Sunday and lioliduys,
and said that this would amount to
about 2% hours for Sundays, and
four extra hours on holidays, and
thnt taking these into consideration,
and making a generous allowance, it
could not be said thnt wages had
been increased more than 35 percent.
since 1913. He pointed out tbnt this
meant that the men were actually
receiving leas wages than they were
in 1913. He presented a table,
which with figures taken from thc
Labor Gnxctte, showed that tho
amount noeessery to moot the cost of
living per year was $1595.81!, but
stated that the figures presented did
not include doctors' fees, dentists,
medicine, insurance or hospital fees,
and many other items -.ami snid that
the Gazette estimates that the figures given only covered 00 to 80 per
cent, of tho expenditures of un average family, and thnt Mr. Mucdonnld,
shipyard wuge adjuster, took the
middlo coune, and estimated that
they eovered 70 per cent. He then
gave the following amounts wliich
are received by the different grades
of men working at full time; Motor-
men and eondvtetors at tbo maximum
of 51 cents per hour, $1254.60 nor
year; car repairers at 51 cents, $1150
per year; car repairers at 40c per
hour, $902 por year. These figures
are for day men, and thu night men
receive considerably loss. He pointed
nut that these figures showed that
not only were the men dropping behind, but bad never been getting
what they should have in order to
(Continuod oa page 8)
PACIFIC COAST STRIKERS
WANT COMMISSARY
Co-operative Stores Will Be Opened
Shortly to Reduce Cost of
Living to Strikers
Establishment of a commissary for
tbo benefit of striking union men in
the bay cities, and eventually fur
those on strike in ull other cities on
tho Pacific coast, has been decided
upon, and the first co-operative stores
will be opened within two weeks,
union leaders here announced recontly in Han Francisco.
The commissary here will lie tinder
the management of tho newly-formed Pacific CO'Opcrntivo League, and
a similar organization, the Labor
Unions Co-operative League, will
handle the same sort of work in Seattle, lt was Mid. Agents of tlie
unions will go to sources of production and buy as cheaply as possible.
AT THE E
Forewarned Is Forearmed
—WorkerB Should Understand Position -
Mark Sullivan, writing in Collier's
Weekly, paints a very pretty picture
of the preient conilitiyn of tbe working clau in America. Labor, owing
to remarkably high wagei, ii enabled
to purehaao unaocuitomed luxuriee,
and altogether appear! to be most
proiperoui. Bnt he iayi "Labor will
not keep all it haa now, nor all that
it ii now demanding." Forewarned
il forearmed, watch out workingmen
and women. Tou aro going to lose
something, which you are supposed
to hare, maybe chains — maybe
brains. I don't know. To obtain t
clear understanding of your position
in present-day society, don't forget
to attend the Empress Theatre neit
Bunday at 8 p.m. Doors at 7:30.
Questions and discussion invited. J.
Kavanagh will be tbe speaker.
Vuconver Co-op. Ooti Charter
The charter incorporating the
Vancouver Cooperative Society haa
been recoived. A special meeting of
tho membors will be hold some time
neit weok for tbe purpose of collecting share capital. A committee of
the board of directors Is looking for
a suitable business location with the
object of making an early start. All
memberi will be notified . of the
meeting and it will be announced in
tho daily preu.
IN I HE
Hungarian Parasites Control "Law and Order"
Regime
A Daily Herald correspondent in
Berne writes as follows: "Serious
reports of tho excesses committed fay
the Hungarian counter-revolutionary
governmont on tho thousands of Socialists who at present fill their
prisons have been received by Hc-
publica. It is stated that prisoners
have been' cast indiscriminately
without food into little cells, where
they are dying of hunger. None of
tho acts of violence alleged against
the previous Soviet Government approach the tortures that are being
inflicted daily by the so-called democratic governmont of Priedrich,
which is regarded as simply a ferocious tool of the Italian Oovernment.
Italian Socialists have made a vigorous protest against the aetion bf
their government in giving assistance to the massacres and outrages which are being carried out,"
£
HI DEBATE ON
THE O.B.U.
Pritchard Would Uke to
See Wilkinson Give |
His Views* Here
OM GROWTH
Long Felt Need Now at
the Service of the
Workers
Tho One Big Union movement on
tho American continent is making
serious inronds into the A. F. of L.
organization. Far from being dead,
as the daily press would have it,
there seems to be a great deal of
anxiety in tho ranks of A. F. of L.
officialdom over the great discussion
on the O. B. U. question that is
manifesting itself among the rank
and file. Open discussion of the
question is being beard ou every
hand, north, south, cast and west,
and the sentiment that the A. F, of
,. has outlived its usefulness appears to be very general. It is
therefore only a matter of time before the A. F. of 1.. instead of revoking charters of radical locals will
be fighting hard for its very ex is-
tence.
In Canada it is simply a matter
of getting organizers in the field to
handle thc reorganisation of locals
from the A. F. of L. to the 0. B. U.
Many loculs arc doing this without
tbe help of organisers and the demand for 0. B. U. supplies is thus
steadily on the increase. Ontario is
catching on to the idea and word
comes from Carlton I'lnee to the
effect that a General Workers'
Unit has been organised, that thc
Ironmolders' Union has dropped out
of tho A. F. of L. into the 0. B. U.,
that the Textile Workers' Union is
holding a special meeting to discuss
thc change, and that other unions
in the same city have the subject
under discussion.
Organizer Johns reports that the
minors in tho Crow's Nest are refusing to pay per capita into the
International and that thc final
break is bound to como in the very
near future. An organization has
been formed in Edmonton during
the punt veok, nnd after Organizer
Johns arrives there on Bunday, und
has addressed some meetings, there
may bc some more sweating on thc
part of International officers. There
is also going to bc some surprising
reports from Saskatchewan in a
few weeks.
Over in thc United Stntes things
a ro boom i n g. Hi nee lit st report
units have boon formed in Oakland,
Toledo, Ohio and tfrent Falls, Mont.
The railway workers iu the shops
seem to bc making the most progress, The railway unit lu Great
Falls has 300 members and haB
sent for 400 buttons, indicating that
it oxpocts to get every shopman in
the city. A big convention is booked for Kansas City on November 3,
und iu ull probability this wilt put
an end to A, F. of L. organization
of railway shopmen. For literature
and supplies address V. R. Midglcv,
4(11 North West Trust Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
Kavanagh Says the Open
Shop Movement Is on
in Seattle
Following out the decision of tbe
Vancouver Trades and Labor Conn-
cil meeting last week, the executivo
committee made a report as to As
educational meetings that aro te ba
held twiee a month, and the following subjects f ou debate have been
choson; "The Shop Steward Byo*
tem;" "Should tho Labor Movement continue to have the per capita tax system aa the financial
basis;" "What form should tha
0. B. U. take;" "Direct action va.
parliamentary action;" "Thc economic effect of a genoral strike.*1
The first of the educational meetings
is to be held noxt week, when W. A.
Pritchard will introduce the subject,
"What form should the 0. &s U,
take!"
Flledrivera Affiliate
One new affiliation was made laat
night, the Piledrivers and Wooden
Bridgemon's 0. B. U. Unit applying
for affiliation, which waa granted
and delegates seated.
Secrotary Wood reported that
there hod been several complaints
as to the non-compliance with the
Minimum Wage Act, and that ho
was attending to them.. He also rt)-
{mrted that ho had visited; several
ocal unions, and at only one meeting thoy had refused to hear hint,
and he was refused admission' by k
vote of 36 to 32. **■
The organization ' committoe reported progress, and announced tkat
thero would be a meeting of the
committeo tonight (Friday) at 8
o 'clock, in tho council '• office.
The Loggers reported that twa of
their strikes had beon settled aatie-
factorily, particularly reference being made to the settlement at Anderson 's camp, Knox Bay., Vmtf
also reportod that tbere waa a yew
strike at Stag Bay.   '
Longshoremen and Mttnttiena   .
DeL Kavanagh rop.
had vilitod Seattle enil, ___
defense committee, and thai'»
were about eight different atfttorn
there, the Carpentera being on atrike
for 410 per day. He referred tb
the atrike of the Longshoremen who
kad refused to load the steamer
Delight with munitions for Siberia,
and that the members of the American Legion, which was composed of
youngsters, who had beon conscripted but had never been out of
their native country, had stepped in
and commenced to load tho munitions. These individuals went to a
restaurant to eat, but the waitresses refused to serve them. The
proprietor had been tolcVthat unlese
the men were served the license
would be cancelled. Tho following
day the longshoremen went to this
restaurant early and eat all there
was, and so saved the license, and
at the same timo took care of the
members of the Legion. He stated
that whilo evory effort was mnde by
central bodies to curb the activities
of tho rank nnd file, there was discontent hnd good ground for
0. B. U. activities. Beferring to this
new move called tho 100 per'cent.
American, he said that it was an
open shop move, and would eventually lead to tho inception of a new
form of organization,
0. B. V. Growing at Prince Rupert.
Del. Pritchard reported that he
hnd visited Priuce Rupert on behalf
of tho defense committeo, and that
while two days' delay in tho delivery of a telegram had prevented
them securing tho theatre for Sunday evening, a good meeting wee
held in the afternoon, end a collection of tl'M tor the defense fond
taken up. Ho stated that the
0. B. U. was growing, and the other
organizations dwindling, and that
tbe International Council was composed of all kinds, some of its members being members of the Board of
Trade. He also reported thnt he had
nddrcsscd the Street Railwaymen at
New Westminster, and he had since
heard they had voted $150 to the
defense fund.
Xsaaea a Challenge
Before the council adjourned to
go into executive session, Del.
Pritchard stated that the executive
board of tho O. B. U. was desirous
of a certain amount of publicity
from the opponents of the new organization. He staled that he had
(Continued on page 6)
TO
E
Big Affair Scheduled, for
October 30 in the Cotillion Hall
The first big dnnee and whist drive
of tho season is going to be held by
tho Vancouver Carpenters at thc Cotillion Hnll on Thursday evening,
October 80. Tho committee In charge
ii going to mako this affair as en-
jovnble as possible In order that it
will bo an advertisement for their
future dances. Tlio whist drive will
start at $ p.m. Dancing will start at
0 and will continue till 12. Refreshments will be served and everything
will be done to make the affair a
huge success. Tickets can be obtained from the Fedorationist: Oenta'
Mi.-, Indies' 25c. Only a limited num*
ber of tickets, so get them early. PAGE TWO
ELEVENTH YEAB.   No. 48
"Upstairs We Save You Money"
There is no room for argument—our big bright
daylight second floor clothes shop does save you
dollars.
Suits and Overcoats
$25 $35 $45
Arnold & Quigley
646-GRANVILLE STREET-546
THE BRITISH COLtjipiA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. 6.
-j- ) ■, IL—===== ■■
PBIDAT.	
...Ootober IT, 11
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
OBOOBBT DEPABTHBUT
Blue Ribbon Tea, lb.  	
K.liob Tm, lb.
Slslrr'i Bad Lubel Tm, lb.
TointtoH, tin   —...
 ttt
 II.
rBOVISIOV    DEFABIHZKI
Hater's Sliced Bacon, lb BOo
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire, Ib BBe
Salter'. Siloed Bonoleas, lb. ... 46e
SPUD  SPECIAL!
rineat Luit Iilind Sjtode,  Bator*
&&K3* .Sl-85
LOOK
Whf psr T6c lb. for bacon when
Sju oaa- buy Slater'a   Streak/
aeon,  regular  fi2«  lb.,   speolal
Saturday, by ths slab,
ptr lb _..............
..442c
Finest Dry Hard Onione, 6 lba 86.
Flnut Kitchen Salt, II lba ...Ale
Finest Highland Spnda,  IB lbi.....86o
Finest Seeded Raisins, pkg^ — IS.
7ineat Fnr. Lard, lb. ..
Fineat Compound Lard, lb.
Finest Beel Dripping, lb. -..
Finest Baal Fat, lb	
...«»
...850
..86c
ANOTHER SPDD  SPECIAL
Flneet Qlghland Spuds,  Saturday
only/per sack, ti fis
dellrarad  ...**•««»
...SB.
.....IS.
...860
Osllon of Vinegar —
Bottlo ol Vinegar _.___
Pickling Sploe,  S let _.
Shelled Founts, lb.  :...*. 30a
FBESH   MEAT   DBPABTMEST
Finest Boiling Beef, lb., np from 13>/a«
Flneet Pot Boast, lb., np frora....li.
Finest Rolled Boneless Rout., lb. 86t
AHOTHBB BAOOK SPECIAL
Half   alab   of   Slater's   Streaky
Bacon,  weighing from  8  to  10
lba., rag. 66c Id.
Ssturdsy only, lb. .
485c
Fineat Canadian Chaeta, lb. ...
Alberta Freah Kg(», doien _..-..
Alberta Freih Egge, doien ........
...380
...06c
...70e
SPECIAL
Fineat Govornment Inspected Pork
Shouldero, reg. 16o lb., special
iJS-"*,. ......... .27,Hs
BUTTEB    BUTTBB    BUTTBB
It la going ta ba higher.   Fineit
Albert* Creamery  Butter.   Beg.
I lba. lor 91.80. <M VC
Saturday, 8 lba. for #*•■"
Fineat Sugar-cured Picnic Hams,
lb. ..  .SB
Flnaat   Sugar-cured   Bonalaaa   Holla,
Pork and Baal Sauaag*. lb—....
fineat Oiford Bauiafe, lb. _™.
fineit Bait Perk, lb.
>lH -	
Oranga and Lemon Peal, lb. .
THREE BIG STORES
tut, per
-JtVio
Rolls,
IU HASlntM STBEET BAM...
•M OBABV1LU »TBI1T..__..
3960 MAW ITREET	
 ..Phons Ssymenr MM
 Pheae Bsymow 8H
.....Pkon. Fslgmonl MSS
DOB'T FOBOBT Wl DELIVER TOUE ORDERS FBBB
Dr. Lister
reccmnends good woolen
cloth n; to ward off the
WE are well stocked with Stanfield's Underclothes at reasonable prices.   Other
makes as low as 94.00 per suit
Our new stook of Mackinaw coats is here and
they are worth looking at. From $12.50.   -
Men's Overcoats in all the new shades and
styles. Browns predominate for this season.
Please give us the once over.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-80  OOBDOVA  BTEBBT  WBBJ
AND   UA  MAIN  8TRE1T
A. E Timms
Show and Commercial Printer
WH BO THB UUtOBST VABIETY 07
PBINTINO IV THE WEBT
228-230-14thAveE.
Vancouver, B. C.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for oae year'i aubicrlptlon to Tke
B. 0. fed mt lon lit will be mailed to
aar addreia la Canada for 917.50.
(Ooed anywkart outiide of Vancouver
elty.) Order tat today. Remit when iold.
We Buy in the Beit
Markets-WeSeDat
the Fairest Prices
Buying thocs—Buying Foot.
wear   "wieeljr   tnd   well"
from   th*   manufnnturera—
knowing the reputation of
the men who make OUB SHOES, and their
faoiiitiea for turning out lasta and designs
of the highest atandard—thia up-to-date shoe
atore ia always in a position to give a man
the exaot type of ahoe he requires, and at a
reasonable prise.
(Godwin's
flood
Sho»i
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 HASTINOS STREET' BAST
Government Deports
Former Immigrants
as Undesirables
At the time of writing, tho Australian anti-Labor governmont ia
working overtime at the job of deporting interned "enemies." These
include Germans, Austrians, Bolsheviks, Anarchists and what not. Ia
short, Australia aecms to bc undergoing a general "spring cleaning."
Hugo transport* loaded with interned have been sent from Australia—and in the majority of cases the
internees state that they are glad to
got away from a place that has
grown so much like the autocratic
lands they left years ago. They
figure it out that they will be better
off in the Socialist republic of Gormany, Austria, Hungary or Russia,
than thoy will bo in Australia, which
instead of becoming more democratized as a result of the war, has
tightened up the regulations and
laws, so that fre* speech /free press,
and freo discussion ii well nigh a
thing of the past.
In many cases considerable hardship has been caused. All internees
not wishing to leave Australia, because of various reasons, demanded
that they be put on trial and charges
preferred against them as to why
thoy are a danger to the country.
This the government refused to do,
and gave them a kind of military
en camera trial before an alleged
"appeal court." The internets claim
that they got no consideration at all
from this court. As an instance of
how this court works, all internees
bofore it were called upon to produco
proof why they should remain. As
they were internees, and held incommunicado, they were unable to get
any proof. And so a cynical court
judged that thoy had "no case,"
and off they went for deportation.
Thui it is that although many of
them had considerable business interests in the country, and had married Australian wives and had children born in Australia, they were
dragged aboard the transports and
shanghaied out of the country. AU
appeals to be allowed to settle their
affairs were unanswered. In many
cases their wives were not allowed
to accompany them.
Quite apart from thus dispatching
the internees, the Australian government Bet about deporting persons
who were not interned, but who for
various reasons were allowed to Ut*
in the country—doubtless because it
was known they could do no harm,
But now even these poor wretches
ara threatened wtth deportation. In
many eases, they have been picked
up by the police, no charge preferred
against them in open court, but sent
along for deportation. Answering a
protest by Labor, members in the
Australian parliament recently, the
acting primo minister for Australia
said it was not dosirable to give
these people an open trial, because
that would mean divulging who had
laid the information against tbem.
That is to say, any person could go
with some story to the government
A NEW IMMIGRATION
AOT FOR AUS51UBUA
Prohibits   Anarchists    and'   Alien
Enemies from Entering
the Oountry
The Australian fiovernnicirt Has in
traduced a new Immigration Act
which revised the existing Act, and
especially prohibits the landing in
Australia of any anarchis^or ^person who advocates by force^of \yUk
ence the established governmont of
any civilized country, or who "advocates assassinations or the destruction of property. It also prohibits
tho entry into Australia for a period
of five years any person of German,
Austro-German, Bulgarian, Hungarian or Ottoman nationality.
Power is also given to deport any
person of foroign birth convicted
in Australia of _. criminal offense
punishment by imprisonment for ono
yoar or longer, living on the prostitution of others, who has become an
inmate of an insuno asylum or charitable institution, or who is an anarchist is above defined.
IDE IN HIDES
Australia Had Its "Pay-
triots" During the
War
As with all other countries .there
il rampant profiteering in Australia.
In almost every article necessary to
our present mode of living the profiteer had tafcen more than his share.
Aa an instance of the profiteering
that is taking place in Australia at
the'present time, the-profiteering in
hides, leather, and footwear might
be quoted.
At the outbreak of war, the price
of hides averaged 16 _ cents per
pound. The prioe gradually rose until the government fixed the price
at 21% eents per pound in August,
1917. This price continued* -until
May last when-the Australian govornment abolished the fixed priee in
hides. Within two daya the-price of
hides rose 50 per cent. A week later it went up another 4 eents per
pound and today it ie around 40
cent, per pound. Compared with-the
price of hides five years ago, the
price today is at loaat SOO.per;cent,
higher than it waa thon. NaWrally
the price of hides ie reflected in-the
priee of leather. That being ao,t.the
price of loathor in Australia today,
compared with the prices obtaining
at the outbreak of war shows) an
increase of from 100 to ov.nSW-.por
cent.—the former being atfe- and
the latter top leather.       iiirft -.-.
It cannot bo said that Ufe lug.
increaso in hides, and eomeJ]uentTy
in leather is due to soaroltyfof hides,
for our figures show that the .surplus
of hides in the country today inre
three times as great as it wt* inithe
year before tho war. It.*.j»rlmll
known, on the other hand, thatrim-
mense stocks of hides are bgigg„$eld
in Australia in anticipatioflaoOur-
ther increased prices.
An analysis of the. prices of footwear show that here again huge in-
ibiutVpe'rsonilieremyJand it mightK™"" -wo taken jjiaee. Boots and
posslbly'load to the deportation of •"« »" anything up to 800 per
that person, without his having been J.™* ab<""> _**? __V ?«« Pri« t0
given a chance to face his aejuiora. ""> V_ ttnTd.f"?Mi. lnt~u*. He
t. -   - -     -  'promised.   Indeed   the   recont   ad-
10
IS
Many of these cases havo already
takon placo.
Still another low-down trick being
worked by the government against
the Gorman and other alien settlers
in Australia—whom it should be noted, camo here at the invitation of
former Australian governments—is
to send notices to tne women folk,
that their husbands "might he do-
ported." These women-folk, mostly
Australian born and married to Gorman husbands, are told that it might
happen that their husbands may be
deported, and conditions are laid
down under which they and their
children may accompany them to a
foreign land. In a great number of
cases these notices have been received by the women folk even though \
their husbands havo not boen informed of the possibility of deportation.
Tho reason why the notices do not
specifically state that their husbands
may be deported is that tho government has not yet made any hard and
fast annonunoement of its intentions
towards all tho Germans in Australia
who are not interned. Still, at the
samo time, apparently the .government has instructed its military of
floors to hold a therat over tho heads
of innocent women and children, terrorizing thom for weeks and months,
while it is making up its mint! what
it will do in the matter.
The manner in which ths anti-Labor government Is dealing with these
inoffensive citizens in Australia, is
causing a feeling of disgust in tho
minds of the people generally, and at
the time of writing this dispatch,
anti-deportation leagues ar espring-
ing up throughout Australia with the
intontion of taking some definite
stand in the matter.
POSTAL WORKERS TO
REVIVE INTERNATIONAL
Conference Just Held In Paris
Decides to Continue Old
International Spirit.
At the Postal Workers' Confer^
ence Just held ln Paris, attended
by representatives of the organized
postal workers of Britain, France,
Spain and -Belgium, lt was decided
to take steps to revive the International Union of Postal Workers. Already It Is announced they are in
touch with the Austrian Section,
and the furthor steps necessary are
rapidly being takon, Brussels Is
proposed for the headquartera of
the rovlved organization.
All minors In the Alaska-Junuau
Mine are out for better conditions
und an increase of one dollar per
day. They are 95 per cent, organized. The mines In Juneau and vicinity aro the lowest paid camps in
the country, paying as low as $3.50
per day.
A REAL TREAT AWAITING YOU
_   A -all .illl". PAMP.ILCT, erMHl full at Xtmat
fACTJ-  M tak* >« .!..l|tt Into MtXlCO.
T It tttriai, mat -JU WmM", CMIm A Cat
ll timid ka tai*1*\\r taad kr tnart Am* nan W«k
AUSTIN UWH
»ruKJwiB wn rsintinsSar nn MOFir
arm rusuiHnc co., im furtmtk &.«, o.u,,., u
Mm ♦».« tm toe, * <.».■« w«*u
vances in the prices of boots and
shoes is something astounding. Boots
that before the war could be bought
for $8 per pair now bring anything
up to $10 per pair. There are, of
coune, still cheap boots in Australia
but thoy have no lasting powor and
after a couplo of weeks snow signs
of wear.   ,
It is ono of the faults of the present anti-labor government in Australia that it has consistently refused to deal with the profiteer; and
that, notwithstanding the fact that
an Intor-State commission appointed
to see if profiteering did really exist brought in a report whioh was
a crushing indictment to the profiteers and which recommended immediate government aetion. Maybe, the
reason why tho govornment has refused to take action lies in the fact
that the financial supporters ofl the
anti-labor govornment are the profiteers themselves. Doubtless the
government has visualized the idea
that if they deal with their financial
friends, there will be a shortage of
campaign funds when they have to
face the next election. In fact, some
of the anti-labor politicians have
ovon wont so far as to unblushingly
state that profiteering did not take
place In Australia during the war,
while the anti-labor press has also
failed to notice where profiteering
has takon place. Unhappily the empty purees of the people show that
profiteering is rampant, and that
only too well.
But More Militarism and
Navalism in Store for
Australia
[By W. FranciB Ahern]
Although the people of Australia
in common with thoso of other countries were assured that with the ending of tho late war thore would be
no more war, the fact is now revealed that greater preparations than
over are being made* for the next
war.
The Australian people are now being told that thto contra of naval
activity is being shifted to tbt Paciilc Ocean, and that huge naval
basos are to be created in the Pacific and the Far East. For what
reason all this is being done, no excuse is given, nor ere we told who
the potential enemy .is. All the
same lt is not a pleasing prospect
for the people of Australia, or the
people of those parts of Canada and
the United States bordering on the
Pacific Coast.
Admiral JelUcoe has been in Australia, on behalf of the British gov-
ornmont. ontlining a scheme of preparation, and dropping hints about
the next war. He has famished
report to the Australian government
that is almost staggering in detail,
and from advance reports made the
people of Australia are to be called
upon to finance immense enlargements of the Australian Navy.
Travellers from tho Philippine Islands tell of groat activities, thereof hundreds of aeroplanes being got
ready for some unaccounted enemy,
and of large bodies of soldiers be*
ing drilled on war footing—in faet
there is said to be a general speeding up of war activities in that part
of tho world.
Just now the defense department
of Australia has a report to hand
for the future development of the
Australian armies, and from what Is
known a kind of local conscription
is hinted at, ranging up to three
months intensive training per year
for Citizen forces. There are also to
be created large bodies of artillery,
air services, ete. Whether these are
for some future enemy or Jor the
purpose of dealing with industrial
troubles is not known. It is known
however that aeroplanes are handy
things for dealing with the turbulent proletariat now-a-days, and
probably the Australian anti-labor
government has an eye to this business, in common with other countries.
Officials of the Australian defense
department are at the present time
buying up large tracts of land for
the erection of ordnance stores, so
as to be in a position to mobolize
troops "within 24 hours" ai one officer put it.      . v
Naturally the people of AustraUa
want to know what all tkts means.
They are not told of any future enemy, and do not seem to understand
what it is all about. If Australia
has made new enemies as a result of
the war, the .Australian people naturally want to know who they are,
and who has been the oause of making them enemies. Nothing was said
about them before the war, and jrhy
there are now enemies after the war
is over, is surely puzzling the Australian people.
In a later article the writer will
deal with the proposed form of conscription it is intended shall be introduced Into Australia—that is, if
the people will stand for it. And it
Is hard to understand how tke Australian people who resisted conscription for overseas purposes will
stand it for local ubo.
DECLARES HE IS
Throws a Bombshell Into
Jingo Ranks on
Peace Day
Did Not Deliver "Peace"
Oration That Was
Expected
[By W. Froa.il Ahem]
There was no more aBtounded
group of folk in the world than the
Australian jiugoea when they read
in their morning newapapen the day
after peace ity (June 28 lait) that
l-Captain Hugh Thronell, V.C—a
momber of one of the "rety belt"
Australian familiea—had declared
himaelf an out and out Soclaliot.
Captain ThrosBell, aa itated abort,
comei from an old well-to-do Australian family, who naturally had
him educated along the orthodox
linei becoming to thoie who are ex-
pootod to toil not, neither to apin.
Early ln tho world war he enlisted,
and won the Victoria Croaa tt Oal-
lipoli,
There waa a great, gathering of
the "nicest" people at Northern
(Weat Australia) on peaee day—
ThrosseU'a homo town—and naturally Captain Throssell waa looked upon to deliver an oration worthy of
the occasion. Ho did bo—but not the
one expected of him. Tracing thl
history of hia life in the diatrict,
he atated the varioua thingi that
came to hia mind when he was soldiering. He said the war had made
a man of him, and he could now
speak to them as a citizen, which he
intended to do, This part of hii
apeech ia interesting. He said:
"The war haa made tne a Socialist. It haa made me think and inquire what are the causes of war.
56 Per Cent, of Male Employees Are in tip ,J
Unions      ™,".
At the end of 1013 there were
■ome 581,755 unionists in Arisfi&lla.
This may not seoin a large number,
but just what it moani will hfl join
when tins number oomprisei Sfi per
eent. of the total numbor o(,m>le
employeos over 90 yoars of ag*),..,
The number unemployed in*, Australia at the end of last year* .V-
estimated at 5.5 por cent, which,, yn*
der tho circumstances must bo taken
as highly crcdiblo.
During 1018 no fewer than 806
changes in wages took place, affecting eome 361,581 workera who received an increase equal to (1.14
(4|0) per head por week. Thore were
280 disputes during tho same period
involving 56,430 people. Tho numbor of working days lost wns 680,-
853.
The increase in tho cost of living
for the year was 3.3 per eent nbove
that of the previous year—making
a total Incrcaso in the oost of living
of 45 por cent, since tho war began.
Tnking cvcrytlilrfg into consideration, Australia cannot be said to.
liavo fared as badly as most other |
countries affected by the war.
Patronize Fed. advortiion.
The following waa read by a n
ber of the Longshoremen's Union at
the Makura banquet and ia published by reqneat:
To tha Boya of tha Kakin
When we were in battle atrift
Not ao long ago,
The boya from across the water
Stopped in and helped the show.   •
They understood the system
Under whieh we live—  ,
All honor to those boyi
And support whioh they did givfc
The boys from the Makura
Knew what it meant to them
If they unloaded* the cargo
And their principle condemn;
Thoy daren't go baek to Aueef
With their ahip as blaek as coal-
No, they stood by the workeri
And helped them to light for the
goal.
If the workeri of thii elty
Had stood solid as did these boyi
We'd have licked and whipped tht
other aide,
And played with them juit like toyej
They ihowed ui a lesson worth learning,
So learn it and take it to heart,
And whon the time comei for a flght
boyi,
Got in and stick to your part,
Die lighting for better conditions,
They're yours if you stay with the
nines;
Stick to your guns called the I.L.A.,
The union that stands for your elan,
Hero's our best to the boys from
Australia
And 1 hope that eaeh time you're in
port,
That you'll give us a call should you
need us,
As we never forget how yoi fought.
O. H. E. WILLS.
It is common talk in Washington
that four-fifthi of thl memberi of
congreu will rote for a system of
univorsal compulsory military
'training" before the winter hai
psBsed. A boy under thl general
staff for "training" may be sent
to tho Philippines or anywhere else
for his "training" in the art of
war. Ue will obey orders or get a
swift courtraartiai.
Tho action of dock workers' at
Seattle in refusing to load arms and
ammunition for Siberia fortunately
comes just at the timo when the
world neods assurance that America
is not entirely given over to imperialism.
BULLETINS WANTED
For record purposes, we desire ti
have six copies ef Nos, a-16 and 16
of the Strike Bulletins. Readen who
have kopt those copies will confer a
favor by sending us this number of
the abova issues.
nd my thinking has led me to thl
conclusion that we never shall be
free of wars under a syatem of production for proflt, with itl come-
quent over-production, periodic
criais, unemployment, and the struggle for markets, I am convinced
that only the reorganization of society on the buis of production fer
use and for tht well-being of tht
community as a* whole can girt aay
assurance of a permanent peaot.
"I want to work for peaet be-
cause I know and havt nen tht
horrori of war. If only tht people
who say they want peaot would do
tht logical thing to bring it about,
there would be no mort wan. As
it ii today, the Peace Treaty learei
us at the mercy of tht system that
makes wars. After four yeara of
war, after tht loss of 8,000,000 lirei,
with a total of 18,000,000 wounded,
of whieh fully a third are permanent wrecks, it la still poaaible for
individuals to make colossal fortune! by tht rnanufactun ot armament! and war materials.
While it is possible for uniernpu-
loua men, profiteers, and manufacturers of war materials to proflt by
wars, wa will always have wan. If
wt do not .want war, we must change
the Bystem of production for proflt,
and organize not for tht benefit of
a few people, but for the community
aa a whole.
Do the things whieh make for
peace. Think. Talk to people who
ara opposing tha syatem of produetion for profits, study books on the
subjeot, and test what yon read by
tht facta of trery-day lift. Don't
bother abotit what the dally newapapen or tht people intereited in
maintaining the Bystem of produc.
tion for profit may say. You've
heard all that all your llvei. Oo to
the othtr ride. Oet that point of
viow. Think out for younefvei how
it ii that the wealthy people hart
managed to double their fortunes
during tha war, while tht working
people are worse off than erer.
Tou will flnd this way of working
for peace not a very popular one.
You'll find lt most unpopular at
times, became all our institutions
have grown up under the wing of
the system of produotlon for proflt.
But if we want poaet to do the
things which will make for a permanent peace, we must do away with
tho system of produotlon fdr proflt,
and reorganize our. life in common
on the linos of produetion for uae
and for the well being of the community aa a whole."
[ Captain Throssell, when ht won
his Victoria Cross, and married Into
a well-connectad family, waa hailed and boomed aa ont of tht "very
best" of Australian citizens. Since
his "Bed" speech on peace day, the
dnily press of Australia hu been
strangely quiet concerning him.
Aak your grocer If hla ciorki are
In the union!
Rffiit.rod in aocordioo. witk th.
Copyright Aet.
Lost!
"|>Mpilr li U Ihe word—loi* I II
■uggeiti lorattttlng nluid whisk
oan niTfli sgsln bt s*_ojsi. It Is
MioclftUd with regret. Lost
teeth—thut wluMt instruments
of Niturt tnd handsome trift*
ments—gone I Tat iildoni da
ttaay go suddenly. Wa nesrly alwayi know whan thar sts
"going." Trom tha beginning to
the end of thst prooeu of going
wt have opportunltlti of Mrlng
them—snd at) too frequently wi
fail to take advantage of thui.
Then come rtgreta: "Wt ahoald
hnve saved tham." But happily
Im thia dar of advanud dentlltrr
wa do not despair, for the lost
teeth of Niturt est bt replaced
tuccesafullr with srtlflolal ones
that serve remarkably well and
simulate Nature's own with grent
fidelity. Of course the original
tteth art best as s rult. Save
them If yarn ean.
Consult me at nny stage of
"going." Or even at "gone." I
will aava them or replace thea
with great eare and akil). Moderate prices alwaya.
Dr. Lowe
Pine Dentistry
HASTINOS   AND   ABBOTT
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Oppo.lt. Wooaward'i
TROM MAKES TO WEABEB"
Have you seen
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This line ii one of the moit popular we hara erir carried—
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Near Oranvllle
FOR MEN
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raiNTERS-STATIONEM
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.185
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Eastern News
Thon of oir rtaieri who an Ib*
teruttd ia Kaaiem Canadian ntwi
aai    world-wide    «T«nt«    ahoald
Ii&iwlb* to Tot Mow DMoencr
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Subiorlptfoa ratee 11,8)5 par jtu,
Ou Circulation Haaager win
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atbierlptlau.
Tht VtW Demecraty la a Un
working-elan paper and ahould ba
aid br ul workert interested la
madlan aad world-wide erenti.
COAL
Lump (sacked), per
ton $11.50
Washed Nut, per ton,
at $11.00
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Greateat Stock of
Furniture
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Replete in every detail
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ONION   UlN'S   ATTENTION
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THB HOUDAT SEASON IS APPROAOHINO—Are you fbing to
make good yonr advantage of ! '
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OfPIOIAl PAPBB TASOOOTEB
1SADB0  ABD LABOB OOVBOn
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmSUL PAPBB  BBItin  cot.
MU  PBDBBATIOB  OP  LMOB
VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY MOVING, OCTOBER 17,1919
ILEVENTH YEAR.   No. 42 EIGHT PAGES
$2.00 PER YEAR
Our Union
Special for
Men
A splendid Tan Calf
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The uppers are genuine calfskin and
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Appointments made with workingmen to ault thtlr convenience,
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Dental X-Bay aad Orown and Bridge Specialist!
(03 HABTINGS STREET WEST, CORNER SEYMOUR
Offica open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Pbont Seymour 3881—Exuainatloni made 01 phoae appointments
Your Credit is
good with us
B. C. OUTFITTING CO.
342 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Near Homer
International Officers Show Appalling Ignorance
•Mm***
******
******
*««*««
■ *******
*******
*******
ofWorkingClassConditions at Congress Convention
Slander Winnipeg Strikers, and Waste Much Tittle Flogging the O.B.U. "Corpse"---Blame
Everything Under the Sun on the New Form of Organization—Big Convention
Abortive of Results for Workers—President and Secretary Feel
Pinch of High Cost of Living—Only Thing Accomplished Was
Proving of Ineptitude of Present Form of Organization
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There's no ronton for any Federationist reader who needs a new
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to pay for it. Our method of doing business meets you more than
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you're wearing it.
Wa carry a fall lint of tht bttt Suite on tht market—honest
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choice.
Thua Sulla wo sell you on Tumi—* mall Oaah deposit—balance
ln Weokly or Monthly Payment!—aa you can afford.
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Good Taste in Dress
CONSISTS IN WEARING THE BIGHT THING AT
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Tho modern woman's need for a shoe wardrobe is the reason
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Whatever tha occasion we have just the right shot for it.
Wo handlt good ihoei—It doesn 't pay to wear any other Kind.
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666   ORANVILLB   STRBBT
•ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
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(Special to The Federationist) *
Tho 35th annual convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada has como and gone, leaving in its
trail only a number of deplete treasuries.
The usual mummeries were gone
through, i.e., the various functionaries present at the opening to give
sane and sound advice to labor.
The mayor of Hamilton, along with
thc premier of Ontario, and the Horrible Gideon Bobertson, took up
most of the timo of the first day
in giving .flowery speeches. President Tom Moore receiving all manner
of praises and eulogies from thom
(which he has unquestionably earned, for truly he has served the vested interests well.)
Perhaps the most outstanding feature of tho congress was that four-
fifths of its time was taken up with
nonessentials. Practically no real'
work was accomplished until Saturday, when the guillotine was put into action. Resolutions which local
unions has possibly spent hours in
drafting and discussing, with groat
hopes of accomplishing something,
came up and were dealt with thus:
"Tho committee non-concurrs. I
thereforo move the adoption of the
committee's report." "Second the
motion." "All in favor say Aye,
"Carried." Down comes the gavel
with "It is so ordered. Noxt," and
so on. It reminded one of those bacon-slicing machines. It worked with
such speed and precision.
A few motions—the hardy annual
type—were pushed through each day
in tho spare half hour before adjournment, otherwise from Mondey
to Friday was a series of speeches.
Even the discussion of the One Big
Union necessitated a night session,
and although we had been told by
international officers previously that
it was dead, still it was the only
subject that really caused a wave
of excitement to ripple tho otherwise dull surface. Apparently every
delegate was present on this occasion
and the hall was packed fivo minutes
before the appointed hour, and from
S p.m. sharp until 10 o'clock every'
minute was spent in defending or
trying to kill the new organisation.
- Tuesday the chair announced that
two international officers representing the union label would like to address the delegates, and as they
must leave that evening, tho business of the congress would be suspended io give these brothers an opportunity to speak. (I might here
state that they were still there on
Thursday p.m. but, doubtless, they
wanted to get thoir important meu-
uttgo beforo the congress early, in
case the delegates might do something rash.)
J. W. Hayes opened fire, and ho
almost forgot to mention tho union
label, but immediately started off in
a long tirade against tho 0. B. U.
and tho Winnipeg strike. His first
mention of these three letters
brought forth a modicum of applause. He stated that the western
workors had boen misled by incapable leaders and that at tho Calgary
conforence in March thoy had decided to call a genoral striko on July
1 but {and horo I quote) "Somo in
Winnipeg were jealous and wanted
to get ahead, so thoy pulled a strike
bofore that dato." Mark that, fellow workers in Winnipeg. Of course,
thero was no mention of the building
trades wanting un incrcaso in wages
to meet thc ever-soaring priees, nor
the metal trades dispute. Oh no!
You workers in Winnipeg, or rather
a few irresponsible leaders "wero
jealous and .'anted to get ahead"
so you pulled a strike. Ttius thoy
slander.
Defending the American Federation of Labor, he said they had built
up an organization that had got tho
best for the workers that could be
got and that thoy were opposed to
the p. B. U. becanse it was impracticable. Ho admitted that ho recognized the unrest and dissatisfaction
with conditions and that there woro
many "willing minds" favorable to
the 0. B. U. because of conditions.
This is indeed one of the finest condemnations of the A. F. of L., for it
is doomed if it cannot eopo with the
present unrest and dissatisfaction.
Conditions forced the 0. B. U. into
existence. Tho worthy speaker then
went on to say "there are no conditions that cannot be overcome by
organisations as they exist at pres*
ent" and then mark, friend leader,
the solution that he outlined. "All
that is necessary for the capitalists
to get together, stabilise industry,
and bring wages and prices to what
they wore beforo the war." Oh ye
international offlcors. This long-
winded address from which I have
only takon a few excerpts; concluded
with the remarkable Information
that all tho industrial unrest, high
cost of living, otc, otc, was due to
watered stock. The final note was
struck by appealing vehemently to
the delegates to repudiate the 0.
B. U.
Delegato McCutche'an challenged
his statements, Tom Moore stated,
after a whispered confab with Hayes
tbat the Union label delegates were
not here to debate.
Noxt came tho heavy-weight—
Mathow Woll—who is preparing to
step into Poppa Oompers' shoes. He
has a flow of language that reels
off like a gramaphonc record. Thus
tbe 1st epistle of Matthew, Verse 1,
'' Passion may carry people off their
feet but logic and reason will eventually triumph . . , everything
was measured by reason and logic."
Then followed a lengthy vituperation
of the One Big Union. Ho questioned if the advocates of the Ono Big
Union understood tho A. F, of I.
movement.
Verso 2. (gem) Thc history of
the A. F. of L. proves that it recog-
nir.es tho power of unitod action.
Verso 3.   (Another gem)   "What
handicaps the growth of unionB is ho talked vaguely for a few minutes the reduction amounted, to 90 cents
not the capitalists but the agitators." about the wonders of the A. F. of L, per day. This was the cause of the
*   and then produced his high explosive             "     * *" * *'
Why don't we remember how recent
ly the bosses wore demanding that
all their employees carry an international card and many in Vancouver
and Winnipeg can bear evidence to
that. Yes, the masters know that
the A.- F. of L. is tha best for thom.
Verso I. -"Let us study what wc
have got and see how it can be improved. '' That is what we have been
doing in Wostorn Canada for some
time and have como to the conclusion that tho only way we can improve a decadent organization is to
withdraw all that is alive and healthy and start with thc good material
on a new and solid foundation.
Verso 5. (very enlighteningly)
"The real motive (of the 0. B. TJ.)
is to attain working class political
powor; to establish working class
control ... It is not right for
the working class (a small group)
to determino conditions .for all." It
is presumed that ho .has carefully
road all the Citizens Bulletins.
Working class control is a crimo but
capitalist control is ideal. Wo have
now the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, and who will deny that they
are a very small group.
Ho further stated that tho 0. B. U.
was autocratic although thoy speak
of democracy, and he would deplore
the day when the destinies of labor
were in the hands of a fow.
He mentioned something about be*
ing class-conscious which brought
the first applause, this evoked from
him tho statoment, "I mean class
conscious as a producer and also as
a consumer." This is indeed a now
phase. Wo hscve heard lots about
conservation lately so we are tempted to think that Mr, Woll desires
us to get down to a system of a minimum of consumption and a minimum of production and thon aU our
worries will be over.
But perhaps the most startling of
all his statements was in reference
to the Winnipeg strike and I would
ask all Westerners to bear this in
mind, "Had the Winnipeg strike
been for the trade union label it
would now have been written on the
statute book." Mark that. It was
a crime of the worst sort for you
to strike for better conditions. Your
actions were blazoned forth from one
end of the eountry to tho other by
well-paid international officers becauso you showed a united front
against tho encroachments of the em*
ployers, and stood as one unit with
your follow workers. You were criminals, outlaws, and misguided fools,
but had you taken thc same oction
for the union label then you would
have been fine fellows.
Wednesday dawned, and again
more speeches. Tho fraternal delegate from tho A. F. of L.—Sam
Griggs, was introduced. There is only
one thing to be said in his favor and
that is that for the 50 minutes or so
that he spoke every delegate had
tho opportunity to discuss with his
neighoor anything from bees to politics. At Inst, so loud became thc
hum of voices that Presidont Moore
laid down tho book he was reading
and called the delegates to order,
which they maintained for about 3
minutos, then recommenced their
conversations.
He started out by making reference to "Our dear president, Samuel
Gompers" and then waited for the
applause that did not come, Inking
a deep breath to roinforce himself
IN
t
Brazen Attempt by Officials to Cripple the
Vote on Plan
Glasgow.—Twenty unions in the
Scottish engineering industry ""are
balloting on tho acceptance or rejection of tho suggested terms of the
proposed scheme of amalgamation of
engineering and cognate trades into
One Big Union. On tho faoa of
things, the proposal looks fair and
acceptable enough, and the engineers
are practically a unit in endorsing
the idea of one big industrial union.
The ballot is considerably complicated, however, by the fact that the
officers in charge of tho balloting
have nut into the list of articles to
be ratified, a proviso that "all full-
time officials shall be considered
elocted for a period of eight years.''
This is described by a correspondent writing in the "Glasgow Forward" as "a most audacious holdup," especially as the proposal also
involves provisions for unusually
generouB salaries to be paid to these
officials. These salaries arc arranged
on a scalo of compensation according
to service, by which it will be possible for certain men to draw as
much as $7,000 per annum for thoir
work.
The rank and file are in a quandary. To vote against tho group of
proposals will scorn to signify that
the workers are against tho 0. B. U.
To vote for them means also to
stand by the hold-up of the officials.
Tho saving clause pointing the way
out of tho dilemma is one providing
that tho ballot will not be valid unless 50 per cent, of the entire membership of the various unions vote,
and a two-thirds majority declare in
favor. By abstaining from voting
nnd so keeping the total vote below
30 per cent, many of those who favor tho 0, B. U. but who oppose officialdom 's brazen attempt to "put
one over" are hoping to compel tht
executives to come forward with a
modified scheme.
in the nature of that wonderful telo-
grani, which flrst mado its appearance at Atlanta City, having been
sent by President Wilson to President Gompers, Since then it has appeared on all occasions just like the
circus monstrosity and is supposed
to be tho great drawing card. The
production of same at Hamilton did
not bring the desired effect, and after carefully reading every word of
it, he again paused for the thunderous applause, but he waited in vain.
A dead silence reigned throughout
the hall. Hore a copious drink of
water was necessary to help him to
recover from the shock, and then he
delved into his pockets and brought
forth pages of printed matter and
said that the A. F. of L. had been
accused of accomplishing nothing,
well he would like to read to the
delegates the programme of reconstruction (some of those present called it the programmo of stagnation)
as outlined by "our dear president
Samuel Gompers" and he started to
read, and. the delegates started to
talk, and the more he read the more
the delegates increased their conversation, until, as I stated previously,
they had to bo called to order.
The next speaker was Miss Paulino Newman, representing the National Women's Trado Union League. Sho gavo a vory interesting and
spirited address and at the conclusion got a great ovation. If anything stood out clearly in her messago it was hor dislike for the A. F.
of L. She said that what she wanted to see was solidarity amongst the
workers, and that by combining their
forces and standing together they
could accomplish much. (She refrained- from using the words One
Big-Union.) She said that she could
not* agree with the spealMr who had
repudiated agitators, she was with
the agitator every time, and that it
was always tho active clement that
accomplished things, and added, we
haw heard a whole lot about democracy lately but wo are now out to
get it. We havo not got it yet but
We will get it, but not until the
workert receive the full product of
their toil will I be satisfied.
Thursday brought forth more
speefhes. The labor platform was
expounded by Jimmy Simpson and
another shining light. The necessity
of getting labor men into parliament
was enlarged upon.
Following these two apostles of labor legislators came "Big Ben," as
some called him. With flowery
phrases and beautiful word pictures
he held his audience spell-bound during the whole time. He, too, emphasized thc powor of labor combining
their forces and illustrated this by
the accomplishments of the triple alliance in Great Britain. It waB decided to have hiB spocch printed in
pamphlet form and circulated
through the country so that it is unnecessary for me to deal furthor
with it.
This brings us to the conclusion
of the addresses and that same afternoon thc congress warmed up ovqr
tho Winnipeg strike as doalt with in
President Moore's report. Delegate
Georgo Armstrong took the floor objecting to a statement therein as
stating that the strike was called
minus a vote being taken of tho unions. Delegate Armstrong gave a fino
exposition of the strike conditions in
Winnipeg, flatly denying Moore's
assertion that it was forced upon the
workers by a few irrational leaders.
Then came Delegate Bobinson of
Winnipeg and he said that he wished tho delegates to know that a
strike vote had been taken in overy
local union and thnt as secretary of
tbe Trades Council and as one who
had seen thc returns be wanted to
state that, never in his exporienco
had he seen such a solid vote in favor of striking as on fjiat. occasion,
Some unions having a 75 per cent, of
their membership voting for Btrike.
Also whon the strike was called numbers of workers who were not organized left their work and flocked up
to tbe labor temple demanding to bc
organized, and he wanted those present to consider this matter as he
knew that knowing the facts thoy
could not agree with the outline of
the president. Although this was one
time whon they could have won out,
as thc sentiment expressed by those
from, Winnipeg impressed the delegates, still due to the fact that
Moore's ruling forbid any amendments to the reports they allowed
tha "Winnipeg strike situation" to
bo endorsed as read, although the
feeling was contrary only they did
not seem to understand how to get
around amending or altering it. Thus
Toju Moore scored once more by
strategy. However, the airing nf the
Winnipeg situation did no end of
good;
Tlmt same ovening the discussion
of the One Big Union caused considerable excitement. The most noticeable feature being thc number of
international officers who took the
floor'to express their disgust against
this'"foul" thing. Even the least
observing could soe that they were
crying out after that meal ticket
which will disappear in the near
futuro when the (J. B, U. attends
the funeral of thc A. F. of L.
Dave Reel and Bob Livett were
volcanic in thcir denunciation and
mado many statements which they
would not repeat to a meeting of
miners in District 18, Livett actually stated that the strike in District 18 was caused by tho O. B. U.
when he knows, and overy miner also knows, that it was duo to tho reduction iu wages of the B, C. men
caused by the 8-hour day legislation
in that province' and thus the employers wanted to dock the wages
of thc 10 and ] 1-hour day men accordingly. This hit tho worst paid
around *»-• mine and in somo cases
striko of District 18 and Bob Livett
lfllows it well. He ravod and: exhorted the men not to be fooled liko the
minors and others in tho West but
et the samo time he forgot to mention that when ho wanted to speak
to the miners in Coleman against the
0. B. U. not ono would go to hear
him and his visit waB in vain. Thoy
knew what they wanted and they
did not want him to tell them what
ho wanted them to have. Dtovc
accused the western conferonco of
being every thing but what ho wanted it to be, and ho wbb so anxious
to disassociate himself from tho part
that ho had played in being one of
the instigators of tho project that he
asked'President Moore to allow him
extra timo to explain his position
(which Moore was only too glad to
do). After fully outlining that ho
took part with tho flret committee
understanding that the conference
was being called for the oxpresB reason of trying to devise wayB and
means whereby tho Wostern delegation to thc Trades Congross could
accomplish moro through that body,
and by tho time ho had finished had
tried to give the impression that tho
0. B. U. was dead. They all did the
same. It never seemed to occur to
any of them that they woro spend
ing a lot of energy on a corpse.
I will not go into details nor name
the bunch of "per capita eaters"
who spoke against it, but will Just
mention Wilkinson from Vancouvor,
who accused the members of tho 0.
B, U. of plundering treasuries, and
.confiscating funds, and almost shed
tears over the international. Of
course ho told us very definitely that
tbe 0. B. U. was dead in Vancouver,
and that those who had been carried
off their feet by loud words and oratory were sorry for their action and
were rapidly coming back to their
internationals. He assured the congress tbat they had no reason to
have any fears so far as Vancouver
was concerned.
All elso that could be said about
the congress would not redound to
its credit and as it would not in any
way be of an educational character
I will leave it unsaid. In closing I
might mention that the president
and secrotary are feeling the pinch
of the high cost of living as thore
was a recommendation for an increase in salary for them. Thus the
congress ended and tho lesson to be
learned from it nras its powerless-
ness to in any way alleviate tho conditions of the exploited class and its
function seems only to be that o*f
keoping a few well-paid officials.
Men and wome"h of tho working
class, awaken from your slumbers,
shake off the dullness, of the past,
realize that your task is not to
stand behind Tom Mooro and Paddy
Draper, supplying them with lots of
leisure whereby they can today go
to the master class showing them
how they can defeat you at every
turn, but to stand on your own foot,
got a knowledge of the system
which is the cause of your poverty
and uso that knowledge to prepare
thc way for the society where only
those who give actual service to the
community, shall receive any benefits therefrom. Away with the parasites. They are many and varied. It
is up to the great army of wage
workers to accomplish this and not
leave it for the other fellow. Every
worker should feel that this strnggli
concerns hie personal liberty, and
hence overy ounce of energy'must
bo thrown into tho flght. On, and
on, follow workers, the day of the
people is at hand.
I A Unloa Store I
What about renewing your sub.t
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & Oo.
Men'i Hatters and Outfitter*
890 OranviUe Street
619 Hastings Street Wast
COLD and FOGGY
MORNINGS make you feel the need of warm
clothing. If you are wearing Summer clothing
now, you are unwise. Our suits are 'way cheaper
than doctors' bills—a very few days off work
with a chill or cold will lose you a lot more money
than the price of a suit. Our suits are the height
of economy. They are made from fine woolens
and lit in that thorough way that they wear indefinitely, looking well and being thoroughly
comfortable, all the time.
Wc have a great stock of OVERCOATINGS to
submit for your approval.
PHONE
Sly.2715.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
PHONE
' Str.2715
We Have One of
the Most Complete
Clothing Stocks
in Canada
We have our clothing marked with
the smallest possible profit. Look
over other good clothing stocks in
the city—compare prices and
values. You will then find it will
pay you to buy from us. See our
windows.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401   HASTINGS   WEST
Corner Homer Street
Bureau of Information
609 Pioneer Building
SEATTLE      -      ■      -      Wash.
CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL
Labor Temple,
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 22, 1919.
(Copy)
Mr. Prank Bonville,
Seattle, AVash.
Dear Sir,—Please bc advised that in response to your letter of September 8th the
Central Labor Council of Seattle and vicinity has concurred in your request for
its moral support by endorsing your campaign for a Six-hour Day.
With best wishes for success, I am,
.  .   Yours very truly,
(Signed)   JAMES A. DUNCAN,
(Seal) ' Secretary.
This is onc endorsement of many from different sources that we have in our
possession.
By sending us 10c, either in two-cent stamps or cash, we, will forward literature which will rive instructions how each individual can
help to bring about the Six-hour Day through utilizing waste
energy. Address all correspondence to Bureau of Information, 609
Pioneer Bldg., Seattle, Wash. IGE four
THE B. C. Fl
eleventh YEAB. N.. it     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. c.
FMDAT...,
DUihed every Friday looming by The B. C.
Fedoratloni.t, Limited
H.  WBLLS	
—Manager
is   Labor  Temple,  405  Dunsmuir  Street.
Tolophono Eichange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Sey. 74B7K
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
W.00 por ycarj CanadB, .1.56 per year; in
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, ♦1.26 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tie Hope of Uie World
FRIDAY...
...Octobor 17, 1919
KNOWLEDGE is power. It is also the
stored up experience of the past.
The working class particularly should
learn from the mistakes of the past, and
by so learning not repeat them in the
future. While it is true
LESSONS that a good deal of in-
TO BE formation as to the new
LEARNED.        government  of   Russia
has been suppressed and
a good deal of misinformation has been
published about the Hungarian situation,
there is sufficient real information to hand
which will show the mistakes made by
the workers of these countries, and which
should he a guide for the workers of the
rest of the world in their future struggles
with the capitalistic system.
• •       •
In another column of this issue will be
found an article by a special correspondent to the Manchester Guardian, which
very vividly portrays the real reasons for
thc downfall of the Soviet government in
Hungary. To some extent the same difficulty has been met with in Russia by Lenin, and had it not have been for the attitude of the peasant or agricultural class
in both countries mentioned, the working
, olass movement would have been even further ahead than it is at present. It would
be folly to say that the actions of the
peasant class in Hungary had made the
revolution in that country abortive, but
it has for the moment retarded the development of the new order.
• •       •
^Capitalism has not made tha same
strides in the agricultural industry as it
has in the manufacture of commodities
that are produced in mill, mine and factory, and as a result the agricultural laborer is not as well versed in the understanding of the capitalistic methods of
production as is his fellow worker in the
cities. Tet the worker in the oity must
depend on the agricultural laborer for
support in any move that is made to bring
the present system to an end. Actual production of all that is necessary for the
workers to have in order to live, is carried
on by the agriculturalist. The workers in
the city in many instances being only engaged in the distribution and shipping to
other countries of the product of the agriculturist. Let the supplies from the
farm be stopped and the industrial worker is faced by starvation. This was amply
demonstrated in Hungary; it was to some
extent demonstrated in Russia, and the
problem is one that muat be faced. The
farmer must be made to understand the
nature of capitalism. He must be shown
the nature of social production. It is true
' that for a.time he may carry on production without the aid of th* industrial
worker, by the uae of the toola that are
in his hands, but he oan only produce for
home consumption unless the industrial
worker is there to take his product to the
market. As the agrioultural laborer is dependent on the industrial worker for hii
tools of production, thc industrial worker
is dependent on the foodstuffs and
raw material that the agriculturist produces, so no move on the
part of the working class that will
be successful in the bringing about of a
new order of society, unless it be by the
joint effort of the working olass collectively, can be made. The industrial worker must be aided by his fellow slaves of
tho form. Thc two must act in harmony,
or the efforts of the industrial worker,
why by the nature of his occupation ii
more progressive, and has a much more
clear understanding of tha capitalistic
system, will bc met with defeat, not from
any action of the ruling class, but from
thc luck of co-operation of the agriculturist. While it iB true that the Bonanza
Farm, and the agrioulturist-capitalist exists, the bulk of the agriculturists are
Bmall holders and agricultural" laborers.
There is possibly more need for education
amongst the small holders, the homesteaders and such like, than any other section
of the farming community. They, like the
small storekeeper, have th* idea that
they are embryo rioh men or capitalist*.
Thoir position, if they only realised it,
is much the sam* a* the wage worker,
camouflaged by the so-called ownership'of
thc land, ln the case of the farmer, and
the proflt that the small storekeeper ii
supposed to get, whioh after all is only
wages for the handling of commodities.
The working class must move as a whole
and not in sections. Social production ia
thc vital necessity at thc time of change.
It is essential that all producers should
bc producing those things that are necessary to sustain thc people apd by so doing
bring about thc full fruition of the working-class movement. Thc moral of Russia and Hungary is, that as the working
class collectively produce all the wealth,
thc workers as a clasB, with no divisions,
must work for their own emancipation,
and to thc end that this may not be retarded by any fool divisions in their own
ranks.
High hopes in the capitalist mind have
been created by the newt (if it it newt)
of the reverses that th* Soviet troops
have met in Russia. -Thea* hopes, however, may not b* fulfilled, and, Ilk* the
troops of Napoleon, they may b* buried
in tho snowa of that country.
ALL FISH are not as close as clams.
A Mr. Fish, an exponent of the Anderson system of combatting thc red clement in Labor—whatever that may mean
—who was the speaker at the Rotary Club
on Tuesday, opened up
WORKERS WILL quite a littlo. Accord-
PRY THEIR ing to the press re-
OWN'TISH." ports of his speech,
he went to some
length to describe thc situation in Russia.
We havo no record of this gentleman having been there, but he evidently knew all
about it. He once more trotted out that
infamous lie about the nationalization of
women, and whioh haB been emphatically
denied by responsible men that have been
on the ground. Evidently Mr. Fish has
about as much knowledge of the subject
on which he was speaking, as the average
opponent of any but the present class rule
and its inevitable robbery of the workers.
His language was of the most extravagant
and lurid type. He pictured Lenin as being the most tyrannioal and bloodthirsty
tyrant that ever lived, and Kerensky as a
noble individual in whom there was no
guile. Yet wc have men like Colonel Raymond Robins, making the following statement: "There was more law and order
in Petrograd and Moscow under the Bolsheviki Nicolai Lenin, than under the anti-
Bolsheviki Alexander Kerensky." The
reader can take his choice, and also form
his opinions of the following statement
made by Mr. Fish about the Socialist clement in the Labor movement, and the
strenuous efforts that the capitalists are,
putting forward to improve the condition
of the workers. He said, according to the
press reports, and speaking of the so-oal-
led red element:
"They do not believe in the majority ruling the country, but the minority and they claim the right to regulate the destiny of the working men.
They can't do it, and they won't if
every man gets out and works against
them."
• *        •
object to, and the Red element in particular, and whioh is the reason for their
object to, and which is the reason for their
miseries, is that the minority now rule,
and that minority is thc ruling class, who
through the class ownership of the means
of wealth production, own and oontrol the
working class, and thereby enslave and
rob the workers at the point of production. The Socialist is a firm believer in
the rule of the majority, and is seeking to
bring about that rule.
• •        *
His reference to the benevolence of
capital is as follows:
"I tell you, that the capitalists are .
trying to better working conditions,
and are holding out the hand of fellowship to the working classes. The
reds deny this, saying that it is only
a ruse to get more out of the working
man. A man is a man no matter
whether, he is a working man who
gets his bread by the sweat of hia
brow or a man who makes his money
out of the capital he controls. Thia
matter of class hatred must be abolished," said the speaker.
• *        *
We are not concerned about what the
capitalist is trying to do for the workers,
but we aro concerned as to what they are
doing them for, and that is the product of
their toil. We are free to admit
that a man is a man for aw'
that, but there ii certainly a difference, between the man who exploits and
the man who is exploited, and while the
Socialist is not responsible for class hatreds, he at least realizes that it is the present system which creates all class divisions, and the consequent antagonisms.
This the Socialist wishes to bring to an
end, and while Mr. Fish is frying his master's, or his own flsh, the workers have
other flsh to fry, and they won't be fried
to the liking of either the Anderson expert, or any other ruling class apologist.
The workers intend that all men shall live
by the sweat of their own brows, and not
on the slavery of others. And Mr. Fish
and all the men whom he can gather
round him to combat the growing proletarian movement, will not be of any avail
i ruthe attempt to stave off the coming industrial demooraoy.
If J. H. McVety admits that Congress
was conservative, then it must indeed be
past reform. His rcferonce to the parish
pump, given in an interview to a local paper, is too deep for us. "Mc" should have
a good idea of it, he has stayed around
it for a considerably time, and his recent
trip does not seem to have enlarged his
vision. He states that thore are millions
in tho East who have never heard of the
0. B. U., but then "Mo" does not evidently reckon Winnipeg as being in the East,
nor if he waa in Now York, could he havo
got in touoh with the Micrometer Lodge
of the machinists' organization. For his
information we will make this statement:
that the machinists of this continent are
more in revolt against the A. F. of L.
than any other organization, and from
every indication will be the leaders in the
new form of organization. But then the
machinists have not all stood still. Nor
have they stayed round the parish pump.
They have beon up against the employing
class in their fight for their daily bread;
and in many instances hav* had to
"travel" in search of a job.
stead of the audience at a vaudeville
show; it might be safer in thc loijg run.
Audiences are funny things, and might
object to direct aotion. '   ;
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., is representing
the public at the industrial conference at
Washington. Other employers of labor
are representing the employing interests,
and Sam Gompers and some more of his
type arc misrepresenting labor. Ye gods I
Capital representing tho public, capital
representing the employers, and capitalistic minded labor leaders misrepresenting the employees. When, oh when, will
the workers see themselves as others sec
them, and as their masters see them? Is
it any wonder that sympathetic strikes
are held to be "immoral". Of course
they are; they are against the employing
class interests, and that class decides what
is, and what is not moral.
Sir John Foster Fraser, writing on the
relations between the English and the
American nations, says:
"More than once when I have commented to good   American   friends
about   the   regrettable   antagonistic
feeling  against "the  English  which
runs through great   masses   of   the
American people, the samo  explanation has  always been  offered—the
school-books.   I haven't read these
school-books, but cultured AmcricanB
have made almost an apology for the
sort of historical instruction on the
characteristics of the English people
at the timo the United States was
struggling into existence.   The suggestion has been  made  that  these
school-books were always prepared
with ah anti-British flavor, regrettable incidents exaggerated, creditable
things completely ignored as deliberate propaganda to bias young and
impressionable minds, knowing-that
once the idea was fixed the English
were a brutal, hypocritical people, it
would never be eradicated.   .   .   ."
All   education   given  in   the   public
schools, no matter in what country, is
calculated to engender national jealousies and animosities.   History is taught so
that the embryo slaves will   develop   a
"patriotism" that will eventually give
the ruling class power to call the workers
to arms to defend their masters' property.
The Edmonton Free  Press,  which is
presumably a labor paper, in as much as
it has some local union notes and. ■ other
things in its pages that appear ii
papers, does not like our referei
the machine nature of the Tradi
gress, and says:
There may be a machine in
Congress, but criticism along
line from 0. B. U. sources will
carry great weight with the delegates
who attended the Calgary Convention
and witnessed the " railroading "Ihh't
took place there. *»*
We have no knowledge of the machine
at Calgary, and if there was one i0r3s a
rank and file machine, as there Wfcto no
salaried officials there, and the conference
was called because of the machine tactics
of Congress. Wo have, however, heard
the machine of Congress at Ottawa creaking even at this distance. The denunciations by the Free Press do not trouble us
much, and we will go along our way in
the endeavor to bring about democracy
in the labor movement, so that we may
eventually achieve industrial democracy.
We would suggest that the Free Press
take particular note of the following,
which was clipped from the same issue of
that paper as contained the criticism of
the FederationiBt:
Compromise under certain circumstances may be permissible or even
desirable; but the habitual compromiser is in danger of degenerating to
the point of vacillation.
With Honest John to guide us, and W.
J. Bowser to watoh him and see that he
does not go wrong, B. C. is in for a period
of real capitalistic prosperity, which
means poverty for the slavea.
Reports from Gary indicate that there
is a military censorship on the news of
the steel strike. Censorship is supposed
only to operate in war time and. concerning the opposing forces. If this is so
there must be war waging in the steel
industry; in fact there is war waging in
all industry, and in spite of the denials of
capitalistic apologists, the censorship in
this case indicates that the ruling class at
least reoognize the class war.
The G. W. V. A. at their last meeting
in this city had beforc them a resolution
dealing with the attitude of people in
vaudeville houses during the playing of
the ^national anthem. The presB states
that it was unanimously resolved that
members of tho association should, by
forocable action if necessary, see that
proper respect was displayed by the audienoe during the time the national anthem
was being played. AVo scorn to have a
recollection of a lot of blather about constitutional action, and deprecation of direct action, having been got off the chests
ot tho members of this organization some
little timo ago. Do the members of the
0. W. V. A. think that they can run the
show? If so, how would it be if they
tried their hand on the government in-
From a Victoria paper we learn that
Tom Barnard, who is the nominee of thc
Federated Labor Party in tho by-election
in Victoria, is an I. W. W. Nihilist, and
an economio highwayman. This ia how
one individual at a meeting of Dr. Tol-
mie's supporter! described him. Now
Barnard has been overseas, he fought for
"his" oountry, and has been for some
time president of the New Westminster
Branch of the G. W. V. A. We ar*-loth
to think what names an ordinary, everyday citizen who has not been overseas
would have been called if any of that type
had dared to oppose a Cabinet minister,
or to criticize the government. We have
no information ai to when Barnard is to
be arrested for his crimes, but no doubt
it will be soon. In the meantime it'*ould
be a good thing to apply a little law and
order to thc individual who made the
statements about labor's candidate.
When the true history of thc machinations of the Allied countries in thcir
efforts to ovorthrow the Soviet regime, is
written, it will disclose such an amazing
story of intrigue and duplicity as to make
honest people shudder; A part of the
truth has been revealed by Raymond
Robins, Arthur Ransome-and Mr, Bullitt,
but not half of thc story has been told,
and never will be told if tho ruling class
of the Allied nations can prevent it, But
thoy will not bo able to oovcr up the
tracks; the workors of the world are
moving forward, and it will be the funo*
tion of that class to uncover how secret
diplomacy has functioned against the
new demooraoy.
OF
ILS. FORM OM
Will   Oppose   Organized
Workers But Not the
"Legitimate" Kind
The organization of employers of
tho wholo country into one mammoth
body to figlit unionism in the aim of
tho Industrial and Commercial Union, which took tentatire form in
Chicago last week, Employers of 11
states took part in the preliminary
work. Tho flrst meeting was in Chicago, whon the proposal was made
to combine, the jiieuibori of all employers' associations into one big
fighting forco. Tho leadors of the
movement are those who are opposing government ownership of railroads and who have gono on record
as opposing the government employ'
ment service.
The avowed purpose of the organization is to oppose the organized
workora. It ie pretended that there
is no opposition to "legitimate" and
"loyal" workors' organizations.
0. B. TJ. UNIT HAS
A   NEW   FEATURE
Study and Discuss Working Class
Questions at Eogular
Business Meetings
The Construction Workors Industrial Union (0. B. U.) still eon-
timies to mako vory satisfactory
progress, and holds its weekly meetings at headquarters, Old Knox
Church, 152 Cordova Streot East,
Monday evening at 8 o'clock. One
interesting feature to be noted in
connection with these meetings is
the fact that one-half tho meeting is
devoted to the study and discussion
of quostions vital to tho intorests of
tho working class. A good speaker
gives an address, and quostions are
asked and answered. Any 0. B. U.
member is given a cordial invitation
to attend. Men engaged in different branches of construction work
are joining up every woek, and the
secrotary is on hand each day at
headquarters to givo information
and sign up new mombers. A. S,
Wells will be the speaker at Monday night's meeting.
MAJOR DIOK BURDE
SPEAKS FOR P. L. P.
Over One Thousand Persons Attend
Bernards Campaign Meeting
in Victoria
Vietoria.—Major B. J. Burde,
M. C, M. L. A. for Alberni, supporting T. A. Barnard, Labor candidate opposing the re-election of
Hon. F. S. Tolmio, minister of agriculture, was the feature of the Barnard meeting iu the Crystal Theatre
Wednesday night. He spoko to 1000
persons in the main meeting and an
overflow gathering across the street.
Major Burde said that he had
boon subjected to aU kinds of
motherly, fatherly, brotherly and
sistorly advice to keop out of the
campaign againBt Dr. Tolmie and
promised that his reward would bo
much greater in provincial politics
if he Kept away from tho moeting.
Advance, official organ of the
union, reports that the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of Amorica, has
established a 100 per cent, organization and a 44-hour week in Now
York Oity, as the result of an agreement made with the New York
Clothing Trades Association.
At the Pantages
Tarzan, known in vaudeville as
the greatest chimpanzee in the
world, will be one of the headline
features of the new bill opening at
Pantages Monday afternoon. Tarzan is presented by Felix Patty, his
trainer, who says he can do everything a human being can excopt
talk. A bit of hilarity is added to
his performance when he takes on
hiB trainer in a boxing bout.
Carrying with it the beauty and
mysticism of the Orient, is the offering of IC. T. Kuma and his company
in a Japanese "wonder aot." Gorgeously staged illusions, sensational
tricks, mystic dancing and singing
are features of the performance.
Those who enjoy a'"bit of blarney" will find the Kilkenny Four a
rare delight. Tho quartotte consists
of a, man, his wife and two sons,
who fight among themselves and sing
tho good old Irish songs as they
should be, but sedloin are sung on
the stage.
Dominique Amoros ,a French Charlie Chaplin, and Jeanette, a vivacious commedionno, will offer a neat
and artistic entertainment, which
they call '' Mon Chapeau.''
William Wolfe and Helen Patter-
sou will be seen in an artistic dancing novelty.
W. E. Whittle in the role of a
police officer ,wiil prosont the most
novel vontriloquil offering that Pantages audiences havo seen. •••
Where is your union button?
BULLETINS WANTED
Por record purposes, ve deilre to
have ilx copies of Hot. 8-16 and 11
of the Strike Bulletin*. B*aden who
have kept these copies wlU confer ft
favor by sending us this number ot
the above
Put a Little
Away for a
Rainy Day
rpHEN come and
buy a Raincoat
to keep you dry and
warra.
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820 Granville Street
Seymour 2359
ORPHEUM
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ITS PURPOSE
The prime idea in purohasing a diamond ie that
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may lurk in the background—indeed it often has
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—but the flrst thought is "that it may be seen
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A diamond should therefore possess the highest
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Managing Oil.
A Laugh from Supt to Tinltk
DON'T MISS IT
A 	
PANTAGES
S mn WEEK
TARZAN
Tht Sensation of tho BUM
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Now South Walei' general elections early noxt year will be held la
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Semi-ready Shop Talk:
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places a oustom tailoring shop
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sure. The four-day schedule at
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Thomas & McBain
053 Oranvllle
The Proletarian Cafo
BOTS,  COMB HBBI
Meet the comrades and enjoy
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prioa.
The Thelma Cafe
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Established SO Tears
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VANCOUVER, B. C.
Don't boll your coffee,
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It spoils tha flavor snd makes tt I
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISER
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The Study of the Hand.
Science of Palmistry.
MADAME  DEMPSEY
givei readingi daily from 11 to 8.
661 OranviUe Street
OM WEAT BFFBOHVB S11VXOI
DBPEKDS
Iffaetlrentu of your telephone nr-
vl«» deptndt upon tht co-operation tl
thoit concerned. II tht person call*
Int consults tht directory tnd talk
bf number, tt will very probably bt
found that tht reiponio by tht operator It prompt and efficient. If tat
penon called antwora wlthont delay,
tht tttltfiottoa of telephono ttrrltt
U then mado complete. Consideration
and courteiy art twa mala polnta tl
co-operation.    •
B. 0. TBL1PHONB COMPACT, LTD.
THS BBOTHEBHOOD HOUfll
338 Abbott street
Men'i Brotherhood
Sunday, 3 p.m.
"THE   ORIBIS   AND   THE
WAT OUT"    .
Spoakor*    DR. ROBERT TELFORD
mo Tint AM Locturoo W.dnudari lorn.
All WELOOMB
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
HflO ottifia Street
Sanday etrrlew, 11 s.m, and T.IO p.m.
Sanday   tchtol    immediately   following
taenia* itrvlae.   Wedneaday teatltaonlai
ntaallna        ■      n ■■       I...     ...JUa     «.__
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porlf aai alia ehee.ee. or d.poill
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Price the lowest pos
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345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
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DENTIST
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lit. Union Han, do you bay tt
unloa stortl
■ nUDAJ- October IT, MM
eleventh tbabT no. tt    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS     ,-Airco.nrra, * n
PAGEflVl
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CHAPTER VL '
[By Nemosia]
la floanning through an edition of
a looal paper, in a vain attempt to
obtain some information of the progress being made by tho proletariats
of-the Europoan countrios, sueh as
Bussia, Franco, Italy and Spain, in
their great struggle for redemption
from slavory, I eame across an article with the above title. I read it
and it provided me with the material for long and melancholy reflections. It was a powerful article
and a fine specimen of pure English,
and as such might be studied with
advantage by the misses in our high
schools.
But that about it whieh impressed
me most was its adroit cleverness;
for nothing of its kind which I have
road for some time has exhibited
such adeptnoss in argument, cheap
sneers, and studied shallowness like*
ly to impress tho minds of that
great class who do not think for
thomsolves and of that other great
class, the unproductive hangers-on
who function betwoen labor and
capital in thoir various soft and unfertile occupations.
The melancholy part of it was the
impression the article gavo that it
waB tho conception of a keen brain
from which reason and truth had
been for the time being purposely
banished in. order to produco an impression detrimental to the legitimate aspirations of tho workers of
tho world and favorable to the ruling class and probably to the author
himself.
The author first gave a short but
fairly accurate account of tbe groat
work of Edward Bellamy. "Looking Backward" and canftily and
with erroneous intent assumes that
the suggestions embodied in that
work constitute the only conditions
that could possibly prevail in any
great Socialist socioty, whioh of
course is a clever and calculated
porvorsion of the truth.
The author do doubt after much
careful consideration as to tho best
means of achieving his object adopts
a curious line of argument in showing that neither Mr. Bellamy's nor
any other Socialist scheme could
operate under the conditions which
now prevail, that is under a system
of exploitation and proflt production,
but surely thiB waB about as unnecessary a taBk as if ho had set out to
prove that a winged insect could not
comfortably and successfully function among the muds and slime of
tho ocean bod or that air, or any
other substance could not exist in a
vacuum.
Tho object ef the author was to
impress his readers with the idea
that a Socialist form of administration is impossible in this world un*
der any conceivable conditions,
Of courso' ho knows that until
the profit-making incentive has boen
removed Socialism is impossible just
as life on the earth was impossible
until the metalliferous and poisonous fumes had solidified and been
absorbed into the surface.
He argues that tho ideas ■
bodied in Socialism are altogether
Utopian and impossible of realization outside tho gates of Heavon
and that we must all somehow or
other get on tho other sido of those
gates beforo we can enjoy tho privileges which he ndmits it might bestow in those regions or evon on
our own earth if it were peopled by
angels. And he drags in all tho old
arguments and assertions, togethor
with One or two new and startling
onos, and mixes them up quaintly
so that aftor reading and re-reading
his article we get tho impression
that ho was aware that his masters
had paid him to perform a task
which he knew to bo impossible,
viz:—to successfully bolster up a
discredited and unlawful social systom in the last throes of dissolution.
In admitting that Socialism would
succeed admirably if mon were on
a lovel with tho angels testifies that
its morality is quite sound and on
a level with that of the angels, and
no bettor argument could he have
brought forward for its adoption,
whicli, by giving humanity the opportunity, would speed up the advent of that happy and desirable
mentnl and moral state.
He scorns to be a firm believer in
"original sin," for perhaps that,
which ho considers his strongest
argument, and which is an old ono,
is that man is too utterly wicked
mid too deoply immersed in thc
quagmire of iniquity to bo able to
survive in an environment of honesty and decency and justico, forgetting, or rather ignoring that man
is a product of his environment and
thnt given tlio opportunity of the environment that Socialism promises
ho would respond to it as promptly
and as engerly as tho newly-emerged
moist butterly to tho warmth and
sunshine of Its new world.
Anothor quaint argumont he
brings forward is that man is ovon
more inherently foolish than ho is
fundamentally and completely depraved, for ho says, in speaking of
tho army of officials ho claims would
bo necessary for the operation of a
Socialist stato: "And if undor a
Socialist commonwealth a man can
voto to himself, or gain hy the votei
of his adherent* a vast income of
consumption and leave to his unhappy fellows a narrow minimum of
subsistence, then the resulting evil
of inequality li worso, far worse,
than it could ever be today."
Thomas Carlyle was fond of assorting that the vast majority of the
human race were fools, but I doubt
if oven ho, in the most bitter moment his erratic liver evor gave him,
could have drawn a picture like
that—of mon rushing to the polling
station to vote away to some silver-
tongued official the comforts and
luxuries which thoy had acquired by
their labors.
I think the argument iB undoubtedly original for I havo nover seen
it' advanced boforo, but as I have
nevor lived in an Imbecile asylum I
cannot be .quite sure. However, it
provides a flash of humor in" an
otherwise melancholy reading.
Again he draws a true and faithful picturo as far as it goes, but he
might have said much mora of the
evil effects the prosont systom hai
had upon man'i morality and con-
Hoquoiitly upon his mentality; a
vory good argument indeed to advance that It should be replaced by
a more rlghteoui system but a vory
illogical one to provo tbat anothor
system, fundamentally and diametrically different, is not workable.
In advocating tbii systtm of ex
ploitation, whieh he calls democracy,
which it ii not, however, he says,
'' besides autocratic kingship it
shines with a white light and is obviously the portal of the future.1'
That ii because it li better than iti
predecessors it must of necessity
last; queer logie surely for a trained and educated brain to conceive!
Admitting that the millionaire is
"a product of the systom, a pathological product, a kind of elephantiasis of individualism," he admits
muoh for the system, surely, whioh
producn pathological eases so pronounced is not worth much to the
human race, more especially when
we consider that each human being
out of bis teens is turned by it
quickly and successfully into a
moral pathological case.
Ho draws two pictures of tho
state of Socialism, one a horrible
nightmare aort of representation of
the human race robbed of all trace
of freedom being ruled by a clique
of overbearing official! and suffering
all the torturoi of a concentrated
and villainous slavery.
He might have been referring to
our own system, for all the horrors
he pictures aa inevitable in a Socialist state are facsimiles of those
we suffer from today, He says:
"The worker is commanded to his
task and obey he must. If he will
not there is, there can only be the
prison and the scourge or to be cast
out in the wildornoss to starve.-"
If he had substituted mnchino-gun
for scourge the likeness would have
been absolutely perfect.
In the other picture he portrays
hulking scoundrels ("its purple
citizens" as he calls them, an appropriate sneer I take it at the use.
less and idle beings we havo heard
of as being born in the purple)
"sitting on the fence in endless colloquy and letting the rich harvest
rot on the stalk."
. Thoy aro supposed to do this because their wages are all equal, and
so they sit down in their purple garments and loaf. It is somewhat difficult to see the foroe of the reasoning
that makes them all loaf because
their wages are equal. -
And furthermore, this second picture seems a slight contradiction of
the first one with its fierce taskmasters, scourge in hand and the
yawning prison doors and the
starved corpses lying about and rotting in the wilderness.
Thoae stern tyrants seem to have
mysteriously disappeared. Probably
they were blown up.
After another rigmarole he lands
the whole Socialist abomination
"over the edge of the abyss beyond
which is chaos." And I suppose
they perish uncomfortably, as
wicked Socialists should, in that
abyss, purple trousers and all.
I have been wondering for whom
that article was written.
If it was produced for the edification of that class of mental pigmies who make up citizens' leagues
and the like, who soe in every effort
of the working class to botter their
conditions a threat to the safety of
their bursting little money-bags, or
paltry vested interests, and if success can be measured by the unholy
joy it creates in thoso perversions,
it may bo classed as a great achievement.
If it were writton to impress the
tollers of tho world that their as-
HUNTER-HENDERSON
PAINTS
Quality
642 Granville SL
Service
Phont Sey. 6110
—
pirations are quite hopeless,
afraid it must do
I  am
  jo elaased among the
dismal failures; for thou workers la
exercising thoir logical gifts tako
for their promises the hard facts of
lifo and thoir deductions cannot
possibly be confounded or inflw*
enced by snch an exhibition of deliberate and studied stupidity.
For the scales have fallen from
thoso workers' eyes and the world
of the future whioh must ovolve out
of the present moral and mental
chaos is clearly outlined in thcir
mental vision.
They possess that which the savages that rule thom entirely lack,
tho altruistic instinct, and they desire a life of freedom and a life of
happiness for all, and they know
this is no Socialist bubble beautiful
in its rainbow colors of promise, but
doomed from its naturo to dissipate
into atoms, for it is founded on
truth, incorruptible, unchangeable,
eternal, tho truth by which the foundations of the very universe ar. sustained and all its mysterious and
immutable laws are controlled, the
truth of Love whioh iB Qod.
And do you not see how, as thftt
clear vision grows clearer, and ita
glorious inspirations more strongly
animate the souls of all true taen,
the paltry ambitions, th* degrading
selfishness and tk* mind-stunting influences must disappear like aim
before the morning sunf Ayl • tea
world and a good world Is in the
making, and though the pang, ef
its birth may b. bitter and longer
than w. would wish, it. Ufik it
sure and the darkneu and th. teem
shall pas. fer tttt from th* k**rt at
mankind.
And tk. worker, shall aeeompllik
It
aub.l
What about thftt   expired
Hftr. you renewed yetl
Buy only from a union store.
Why Every Canadian
Will Buy Victory Bonds
mil
TRIUMPHANT, Canada
emerged from the war,
a nation great in arms and
great in trade, a nation respected and admired by the
world.
And Canada will
hold high her head.
continue to
Our obligations to the heroic
dead, to the crippled and disabled
soldiers, and to the men who were
so fortunate as to return, will all
be met.
That is Canada's duty.
To fulfill it, every Canadian will
do his part.
Canadians will keep the machinery of prosperity humming, the
factory chimneys smoking, the sea
and lake ports bustling with activity, and the surplus products of
farm and factory going forth to
Great Britain and other lands.
But to accomplish all this more
National Working Capital is
needed. ,
The money is here, but it is in
the hands of individuals rather than
in the hands of the nation. It is in
the savings banks, loan companies
and generally scattered throughout Canada. For instance, our
cash balance in banks and post
office has increased in five years
from one billion ($1,086,013,704) to
a billion and three-quarters ($1,740,
462,509), an increase of nearly two-
thirds of a billion ($654,448,805).
The people will loan their individual savings to the nation to be
used as National Working Capital
in maintaining our commercial
prosperity.
Every man and woman from
every walk of life is interested in
maintaining this prosperity. Therefore, every man and woman from
every walk of life is personally interested in making the Victory
Loan 1919 an overwhelming
success.
It will serve to keep Canada in
its present place, far up in the vanguard of World Progress.
Victory Loan 1919
"Every Dollar Spent in Canada"
Issued tar Canada's YUtry Loan Ctmmitte*
b eeoptiatioft with tk. Junlstor of ftaane*
tt fkt Sotal—iaa tt Canada. PAGE SIX
eleventh tear. No. «     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
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. Welih, Vice-Preildent J. Sully, Trea-
linr J. H. McVety, Sergeant at Amu
J. P. Poole, Truiteei Birt Showier, G.
Mowat, W. llcKentie, W. Harrle, Secre*
Uty R. A. Webb, I^ahor Tomple.
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUN-
ell—Meeta aecond Monday In tha
aoolb. Pretident, J. P. McConnell; aee*
toUry, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 68
SHIPWRIGHTS LOCAL 1808, U. B.
Carpenters—Meeta Room 807 every
2nd and 4th Tueidny in each month.
President, J. W. Wilkinson; recording
aeeretary, W. J. Johnston, 73—24th Ave.
W.; financial secretary, H. A. Macdonald,
Room 212 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS, Local No. 620—
Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, V. G. Phillips; sec-
treas. and business agent, A. C. Russell.
Office, 587 Homer street. Phones, Sey.
7495 and 4117.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 120
—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays in
Ihe month, Room 206 Labor Temple. Preildent, C. t. Herrltt; seeretary, R. A,
Webb, 184 Haatinga straet west.
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 27
—MeeU second and fonrth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
118 Labor Temple,
STKfcfcT Atiit kiUtaWllHl KA1LYVA*
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Preaident, W. "H. Cottrell; recording
secretary, F. E. Griffin, 5412 Commercial
Drive; treasurer, E. ft. Cleveland;
flnanclal secretary' and business agent,
Pred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main atroets.
BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS,
Local No. 617—Meets every second
Ud fonrth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, J. Reld; sec-
letary, E. J. Temoin, 1223 Georgia Eaat;
buslnesi agent and financial aeeretary,
8. C. Thom, Room 208 Labor Temple.
Phoae Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL No.
Ill—Meeta at 440 Pender Street
Watt, every Monday, 8 p.m. President. H, H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
reeordlng secretary, J. Mvrdoek, 440 Pen*
«ar Street Weat; inanclal secretary and
teslnsss agent, B. B. Morrison, 440
Fender Street Wail; assistant sscretary,
r. R. Burrows.
Engineers and mill workers—
Unit of lha 0. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor Temple. Pre
Sident, F. L. Hunt; secre tary-treasurer
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tem
Phone, Seymour 8960."
koTEL ASD RESTAURANT Elf
ployees, Looal 26—Meets every Ilrst
Wednesday ln the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In thc month
at 9:80 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
aeeretary and business agent, W. Mackensle, office and meeting hall. 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1881. Office
hoars:   11 to 12 noon; 2 .
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
ers' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Fridays, 206 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granvillo Street; secretary-
treasurer, D. J.  Snell, 916 Dunsmuir St.
ll'MRKH WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Union of the One Big Union—Affiliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
Aa Industrial union of all workers In
logging and construction camps. Head-
inarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Pbone Soy. 7656. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Butter
ft Chiene, Vancouver,  B. C.
International   longshoremen's
Association, Local 36-52—Offlce and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. Meets
flrst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
Treasurer, Thomas Nixon; Business
Agent, Robert Raisbeck.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No, 643—
Meets flrst and third Tuesdays of eaeh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
W. V. Taraley, 1638 Powell St.; recording secretary, William Gihbft, Station B.
S. 0. Vancouver; flnanclal secretary snd
uslnesi agent, T, W. Anderson, 687
Homer St.
Pattern   makers'   league   of
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm, Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
darl, 866 Richards Street; recording sec-
retary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High, 2204R.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series 5—Meets tho 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, George Mansell; financial secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W. Lee. Offlce,
Room 207  Labor Temple.	
TRANSPORT WORKERS UNIT, O.B.U.
(Teamsters, Warehousemen, Auto Mechanics, etc.)—Meets every Wednesday
at 152 Cordova Street East. President,
J. Shaw; secretary, C. A. Read, 2344
Prince Edward Street. Office: 152 Cordova Street  East.
^TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treuurer, R. H. Neelanda, Box 66.
c
Provincial Unions
Little Children Beaten and
Questioned for Evidence
Against Parents
Much hns been snid of tbe Rod
Terror, but the following Account of
thc White terror in Hungarry ahould
givo pause to thc supporters of the
old regimo in Europe.
Arbeiter Zeitung (Vienna, Soe),
Sept. 6, learns from Budapest that
"Her Friedrich's reign of terror is
daily becoming more dangerous. One
wonders whence this man derives
tho courage to govern by thcBo mediaeval methods, if the present brutal despotism can be regarded as a
government at all. Tho Rumanians
have . . . disarmed Fricdrlch'«
officers . . . and disavowed thc
prime minister . . . but be gaily continues to 'govern,' He 'appoints* Count Csaky, foreign minister, nobody takes this appointment
seriously, Lovaszy remains in office,
the Entente has dealings with Lov-
os'iy, Csaky makes no appearance in
tho ministry, Lovaszy hns no dealings with the celebrated Friedrich
and rogards himself as outsido the
cabinet, while that comic-opera figure masquerades further as primo
minister , . . Yet it is a sanguine comic opera in which ho plays
a part. Terrorism continues to rago
in an unexampled fashion. No Social-Democrat or Jew is safe, while
15 to 20-year-old girls and women
arc arrested, illtrcated and beaten—
their 'crime' consisting in having
been typists in an office during the
Soviet government. According to an
official report a 'delinquent' was
hilled in prison on Tuesday, August
20, by policemen. A . . , member of the Social-Democratic party
lost his reason owing to tho inquisitorial tortures in prison. In Trans-
danubia M. Pronay . . with his
own hands boxes the cars of Jews,
Communists and Social Democrats,
and has already had a few 'guilty
persons' hanged under martial law.
And what tho rascals of Friedrich
achieve in house-to-house investigations ... is unprecedented .
. . Little children are questioned
about thcir parents, thoy are beaten,
kept for hours under supervision in
dark rooms and given nothing to cat
—thus 'reliable witnesses' aro procured and the ' truth' is dieted which
is necessary for the incarceration
of tho accused . . . The indignation of the progressive bourgcoisio
and of tho working classes knows no
bounds .... Tho leaders are
convinced that this state of affairs
is untenable and since Friedrich sees
that ho is utterly lost, ho permits
those atrocities in revenge. Nevertheless, workers and 'leaders nro of
the opinion that tho international
ought to intervene   .   .   .   .';
press.
"   12.
1. Our school—what it hopes tofreliable.
achieve and how. fhe Labor School
programme in brief.
2. Knowlcdgo is power (a) far
good (b) for evil. Knowledge is'J
mental realization—not memo rising.
True education loads to knowledge,
thence to opinion, action, progress'
and-social happiness.
3. How are we clothed and fed!
Dependence upon each otber. Many
producers of food and clothing go
naked and hungry. * Knowledge of
production and distribution necessary for justice.
4. The World before it knew man.
The development of the human being from tho simple cell.
5. The men of today who nearest
resemble our early ancestors. Various stages in man's history from his
earliest appearance.
'*, Tho joy of discovery and invention. Conscious nid in man's development—evolution — interaction
of mind and body.
7. Am I righti Am I wrong!
"Right and wrong" relative terms
applied according to ideas and ideals
of   the   speaker.    Ono   man   calls
right" what another   man   calls
wrong.''
8. See what I made without
knowingl Blind evolution versus
conscious evolution. Accidental discoveries—pottery, dyeing, glass making, etc.
. If I knew how to, I would do
it myself. The independence born of
knowledge—ignorance tho greatest
enemy of progress—knowledge and
wisdom necessary for conscious evo-
lution and co-operation towards
world brotherhood.
10. I don't like learning history.
What's it fort History real and so-
called—its valuo as an aid to furthor
progress. History does not repeat
itself. •
11. How can I understand my his
toryf Ways of studying—first-hand
history—"official" reports no longer
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
ln annual convention In January. Excutlve officers, 1016-12: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cam*
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Oeo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Oeo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secret ary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir Bt.,
Vancouver, B. C. ■
w
AT FT.
VICTORIA, B. 0.   ~
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Kail, North Park Btreet, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodsworth: vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria. B. 0.
NORTH VANOOUVER
C. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
ers, Local 1777—Meots flrst and third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs. 10th Street East, North Vancouver; financial secretary, Arthur Roe,
21ft—13th St. W., North Vancouver.
PHIKOE BUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNOIL, 0. B. U.™Meets every second and fourth Tuesday in the 0. B. U.
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
atreet, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
8. Cameron, Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.C.
BULLETINS WANTED
For record purposes, we desire to
have six copies of Nos. 2-16 and 18
of the Btrike Bulletins. Benders wbo
have kept these copies will confer a
favor by sending us this number of
tbe above issues.
It is announced that the French,
German and Dutch trade unions of
building workers arc arranging nn
international conference of bricklayers, plasterers, laborers and excavators at Amsterdam on Octobor 6.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 186*
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
...$ 25,000,000
..$ 16,000,000
1^
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets $460,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Wert Indiea.
Alio branchei in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Vain Office—Corner Huntings end Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Cornor OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Streot and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe nnd Davio Streets.
Corner Orunvillc and Seventh Avenno West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenne and Main Street.
SOU) Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main.Street,
Hudson Street, Mnrpole.
Kingsway Branch nnd 25th Avenne Branch.
Alio—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
point! in Britiih Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION 18 GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account on whicli interost ia paid half-yearly
at current rotes,
THOS. PEACOCK, 0. W. FRAZEE, Vucouver,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor for B. 0.
Appeal to Winnipeg: for
Help—Defense Is
Taken Up
Fort William, Oct. 15.—Seventeen
Finns have been arrested here on various charges. Edwurd Ollikkala, a
Finn, has been' sentenced to two
years hard labor, or two thousand
dollars fine, for having prohibited
literature in his possession. Sava
Zara, a Russian, has been sentenced
to two years hard lnbor without tho
option of a fine for tho same offense.
Six Finns arrested on the snmo
charge—fiive being refused bail —
one woman was granted bail. The
workers at Fort William sont to the
defense committee at Winnipeg for
help, and E. 3. McMurray, who has
the defense of the workers arrested
in Winnipog in hand, and W. W. Lefeaux of the legal firm of Bird, Macdonald k Co., of Vancouver, were
sent at once. Thcir advent has stirred up Fort William as nothing has
done for boiuc time. Tho court being
crowded when the cases appeared for
trial. W. W. Lefeaux is addressing
meetings on bohalf of tho defense
committee. The raidi and arrests
were carried out by the Mounted
Police.
Be bure to notify tho post offico
as soon as you cbango your address.
v Land Act
Cout Dlstriot, IlBJt 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Douglai Aew
art Clarke of Blunden Harbor, Intend
to apply to the Hon. tho Minister of
Lands fnr permission to purchase tho following described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted ahout 20
chains South of the tl. W. corner of
Lot 422 and being at the Houlh Weat
corner of Jula Inlnml, In Blunden Harbor, thence around shore lino to point of
commencement, and containing 12 aere*
more or less.
DOUGLAS STEWART CLARKI.
Dated September 15th,  1919.
Land Act
Notice of Intention to Apply to Purchait
Lend ln Vaneouvar land Dlitrlet,
Banc* 1, Ooait
TAKE NOTICE that I Mary Lorraine
Mcllean of Port Progress, occupation
housekeeper, Intend to apply for per
mission to purchase the following Ue-
scribed  lands:
Commencing at a poit planted about 40
chains Smith West of the 8. E, corner
Lot 422, thenco about 30 chalna North
to Lot 422, thence 80 chains West,
thence about 10 chain* North to shoreline, thonco Southerly and Easterly along
shoreline to point of commencement and
containing 200 acres more or less.
MARY  LORRAINE  McBEAN,
Dated  September 9th,   1019.
Federated^Labor Party
Sunday School Programme
Illustrations   from   daily
What is my history book trying to teach mof Different aims in
hiBtory books—tho ideal aim.
- 13. Why I can't go to concerts
and picnics and travel liko Tommy
Bichboy. Wealth and comfort, ver-
bus poverty for the sako of truth
and right.
14. Tommy Richboy's cousins.
Why some are rich and some aro
poor. Things are not always what
they seem.
15. "Pationco is rewarded."
'' Everything comes to him who
waits." The rewards—what they are
and what wo think they should be.
16. How is it my father doesn't
"get rich." He works harder than
many who do.
17. Why aro there poor ##>plef
Class distinction arose before tho development of thc idea of conscious
evolution.  Might was right.
18. Why doesn't the government
pass laws to stop tho poor man being robbedt Tho wheels within
wheels in the political world (Carnegie's wealth "Foderationist" for
Octobor 3, 1919.)
19. B my father a slave or t\
freo man! The present ago of slavery. Contemporary illustrations from
lifo.
20. What shall I ask of my fairy
godmother—to be a sorf of olden
days or a "free" man of todayl A
comparison of conditions.'
21. Who deserves tho highest pay,
the other fellow or myself t Alternatives to tho wago system, Zapataland
and eo-opcrative colonies.
22. Why must my parents pay
high school fees? Money is powor—
school byedaws—various reasons for
the'r rejection.
2". How are we to obtain our
sharo of powrf Co-operation—its
growth during the past century.
24. Teaching our teachers. The
workers co-operating an effective
blow to corporations and trusts.
5
WOULD WIDE HEWS
ESTHONIA
Stockholm.—According to a private Helsingfors message to the
'Dagens Nyhctcr" of this city, all
Communist representatives who attended the Esthonia Labor Congress
which met at Bevel on August 31,
in legislation that scorns likely to
pass #n tho near future. Tho commission, it is stuted, has published
a very comprehensive report on tho
subject, containing data deserving
of international notice.
GERMANY
Following    upon    Nonke 's    coup
against the Berlin Workers' Council has come the resurrection ns if
from the dead of the Old Zontralrat
were arrested by a »iHtiw"poli3Jof tU second German Soviet eon-
forco which surrounded tho buildihg' «™fl8'   This latter body,   composed
in which the meeting was hold.    u j  ?* a ™jonty °f Socialist nominees,
Tho congress, in which 400 ropfc- lhM n.™ "pogmzed the minority or
sentatives took part, rosolvod to join ^position in tho suppressed Berlin
the Third International. &   ^Workers' Councils as the true rep-
■p.   Urosentatives of the Berlin proletnr-
->&    iat.
ENGLAND
Mr, Lloyd George roeeutly told the
House of Commons that there were
350,000 ex-service men who were
still not absorbed into industri $.
This figure does not include dome ij
ilized officers who are carryi gt
timber at the docks for a Hvii jy|>
or ex-soldiers who aro performing n
the streets as comedians and blac . -
faced musicians, or men who, wi h
wives and families to, keop, have
been forcod to take underpaid work
from sweaters and exploiters. *Kt
the appointments office for cx-offi-
cers, an average of 3,000 apply weekly, and the average number of posts
found for the same period is 160.
Five hundred ex-service men propose
to march from Manchester to interview the minister of labor on the
subject,
IRELAND
Dublin.—After a. keen and even'
bitter contest, James Gunn, of the
Irish Labor party, was elected to
Gateshead Town council by 1,300
votes, as againat 875 polled by his
opponent, Charles Crilly, nominated
by a body using tho name of the
Catholic Truth Society.
SCOTLAND
Glasgow. — A largely-attended
meeting of the employers' organizations representing tho main branches
of industry, ana convened by tho
National Federation of Employers'
Organizations was held for the purpose of considering the application
which has been mude in the building
trades for the 44-hour week. It was
decided that, in view of the urgent
necessity of increasing national output, and until evidence is available
that the reduction in hours which
have been made in certain Industries
are economically sound, and furthor
reduction in hours should be strongly resisted. The meeting farther resolved to give every support to the
employers concerned in resisting the
demand for a 44-hour week.
SPAIN
Madrid.—Spanish miners in Astu-
Has have won thoir fight for a seven-
hour day. The deputation of Oviedo,
which -came to Madrid to wait upon
Premier Toca and present their de*
mands, was informed by the premier
that the mine ownors bad granted
the seven-hour day for work in the
galleries end eight-hour day outiide.
This applied to Oviedo mines. The
itrike movement in Spain in general
shows a great decrease and tranquility prevails.
AMERICA
\   Oakland.—Three persons were kited and four aro dying as the resdlt
of a collision between a Key RouT
train and two automobiles this wets
Tho train was travelling  at
mites an hour when tho nutomobijc
wero hit.  Thc train was manned f
strike-breakers,   armed   with   hid
powered rifles, with guards simila^
armed.
Organized farmers had plnnnoi
meoting in Beatrice, Nebraska, a
a silk-hat mob chused tho speak<
out with the aid of officers of t!
law. A delcgution of farmers culled
upon thc governor at Lincoln for
prosecution of tho guilty und he refused to act. lie doclared tbat tho
farmers themselves could enforce tho
law by bringing civil suits against
the offenders aftor they had found
them, but that tho state would do
nothing. Thus was violence given
thc encouragement it needed for the
dirty work at Omaha. Ordinary
roughnecks wero not slow in realizing that tho law was susponded by
failure to enforco it.
U$- Royal Crown Soap
and Save the Coupons
Chicago Refuses to Scab
on Fellow Workers in
Big N. Y. Strike
Not only will Chicago printers refuse to scab on the New York printers, but they are nlso solidly behind
tbe movoment for a 44-hour week,
and a $14 wage increase in thc printing industry.
With the sole exception of the
newspaper offices, a general cessation
of work began in Now York on October 1st in the pressrooms of tho
printing plants of this city, thereby
making necessary the suspension of
more than 200 magazines and trade
publications, ond laying idle some
8000 men.
Whon thc Association of Employing Printers found that the pressmen, paper handlers and pob press
feeders of New York, who havo been
expelled by their respect ivo Internationals ,weru firm in their determination to go on strike for a 44-hour
week, and a flat weekly increase in
wages of (14, they anticipated them
by locking thom out and issuing an
ukase proscribing that only such
men as are recognized by their respective Internationals will bo accepted for employment: This readiness to recognizo the Internationals,
it will be remembered, is due to the
fact that thc presidents of these organizations havo bound themselves
to leave the question of a 44-hour
weok until 1021 and to accept a $6
increase instead of the $14 demanded by the rebellious Now York locals. . It is pointed out thnt this is
one of the firBt instances in the hiBtory of tho labor movement where
employers ,try to specify the organization which an employee may or
may not join.
The compositors, while- declining
to vote for an official participation
in tho strike, inasmuch as they are
still good-standing members of tho
A. F. of L., are nevertheless bringing about a virtual sympathy strike
by quitting work individually,
resigning "to take fl vacation,"
many of thom put it. The industry
is thus virtually at a standstill.
About 60 independent employers
signed up announced tbe officers of
thc four locals and "Big Six."
The first person killed by the
ateel trust's private gunmen in their
effort to discredit the steel strikers
by violonco wns Charles Mazurok, a
returned soldier. He wbb shot when
a helpless crowd of men, women and
children, standing in a public placo
near one of the steel mills in Buffalo, wsb fired on without warning.
If the 0. B. U. is dead, whnt has
tho A. F. of L. to live fort
IF
British Arrange a Truce
After Soviet Sends
Greetings
The trouble botweon Afighanistan
and British India has been temporarily arranged by a truce, which provides for thc cessation of hostilities
and other provisions, but it will_be
surprising of the warlike Afghans
hold to it for long.
The advance of the Bolsheviki into Serbia, tho repeated defeats of
Kolchak, and tho capture of strong
positions! on Ihe Afghan border by
tho Siberian Bolsheviki, is, no doubt,
giving somo anxiety to tho masters
of the Indian empire which is now
under martial law. The recont declaration of independence on tbe part
of the Afghans (England held suzerainty ovor them) was greetod and
recognized by tho Soviet government
in the following manner:
"The Soviot government, from the
first day they receWIrd power, have
heralded to the wholo world their
desire not merely to recognise the
right of self-determination of all
peoples, both great ahd small, but
to render assistance to those peoples who are struggling for their
independence, and for the right to
settlo their own internal life in accordance with their own desires,
without permitting tho interference
of the great foreign imperialistic
governments, Tho Soviets have restored all that whs takon away by
tho Russian ezars, aud have afford,
ed autonomy to all Mussulman peo*
plea. To thoie who dosire to remain
voluntarily in tho Russian Socialist
Federated Republic of Soviets, the
Soviots have affordod material and
military aid. Directly the Soviot
govornment loarnod of the declaration of Independence of the Afghan
people, that moment they admitted
the desirability of entering into contact with the Afghan people,"
(PLAYING THB GAMS IN
THE OLD WAT IN JAPAN
Labor Representatives Are Chosen
by the Government of the
riowery Kingdom
Tokio.—A clamor of protest has
broken out in Japanese labor circles
againBt the alleged interference by
tho governmont with tho solcction of
j'the representatives from the ranks
of labor to go with the other Japanese delegates to thc International
Labor Congress at Washington, sailing on the Fushmni Mnru on October 9. Tho labor interests contend
that the convention for tho selection
of tho labor delegates was packed
aud dominated by tho capitalistic
interests, and that thus the voice of
Japanese labor would not be beard
at Washington.—Daily press despatch.
Labor
WE WANT YOUR PATRONAGE
Get Your Eatables
-AT-
Cal-Van
Market
WHERE QUALITY, COURTESY AND REAL
COMPETITION PREVAIL
We raise and feed our own meats.   Ranch
situated 10 miles west of Calgary.
Our Butter conies direct from Creamery.
Groceries are purchased in bulk.
Hence packers have no strings on us.
Look around and get convinced.
Opposite
Pantages
All Cars Stop
At the Door
DENMARL
Tlie principlo of equal Trnpoj. for
men and women lies been adopted by
the majority of tho Stato Wage Commission of Denmark and embodied
"Criminal Anarchy" charges
were dropped on Saturday, September 27, againnt Walkor 0. Smith, T.
F. 0. Dougherty, J. J. Eitol, P. J.
Comridy and Harvoy O'Connor.
Theae aro tho last ensoa of the 28
mon arrested in connection with tho
Seattlo general strike. James Bruco
was the only one who wont to trial,
the jury rendering a verdict of "Not
Guilty," after a hard fought trial.
Here Is News of Good Bedding That
Many Housewives Are Anxious to Hear
WHITE BLANKETS-Full selection of
all sizes and weight!; good union quality;
warm and very durable:
Size 60x80, according to weight, per pair,
$7.50, $8.50, 912.50, $13.50. Size
64x82, according to weight, per pair,
$0.60, $10.76, $12.60, $14.76 and..$15.75
Size 68x86, according to weight, per pair:
$11.26, $12.60, $14.60, $17.00 and $18
WHITE BLANKETS-Pure wool, lovely
soft, fleecy quality; 8-lb. weight; sizo
68x86, per pair. $19.50
WHITE COTTON BLANKETS—Soft,
silky finish; warm and very durable:
Size 66x78, pair $10.50
Size 70x80, pair $12.50
FANCY BLANKETS — In attractive
checks in pink, blue and grey. Per pair
for 15.60 and $8.50
BABY BLANKETS—Teddy Bear, Bow
Knot aud Bunny designs, in pink and
blue; Size 30x36; each $1.50
prices
{7.50
8.25
E 10.00
15.75
17.50
OREY  BLANKET£-Theae  are
you may well make a note of:
Size 57x76; weight 6 lbs.; pair-
Size 60x80; weight 7 lbs.; pair	
Size 64x84; weight 8 lbs., pair...'
Size 68x86; weight 9 lbs., pair...
Size 70x90; weight 10 lbs., pair.-!
FLANNELETTE SHEETS—White and
grey:
Ten quarter size, a pair .......$3.25
Eleven quarter size, a pair $3.75
Twelve quarter size, a pair $4.75
COTTON COMFORTEBS-They are aa
warm as two blankets and effect quite a
saving and expense. Wide ehoice of colors
Size   60x72 —$3.25,   $3.50, $4.00,
$4.50, $4.75 and $5.25
Sixes  72x72-$3.75,   $4.00,   $4.50,
$5.00, $5.50 and ..$5.75
DOWN COMFORTERS—In handsome
figured satin, silk and silkoline covers; a
wonderful range:
Size 60x72 $14.50 to $25.00
Size 66x72 $16.50 to $30.00
Size 72x72 ....$20.00 to $32.00
People Who Have a Heater to Buy Will
Find This Stock the Most Complete
TF it is a coal or wood heater you require you need
not look further than Spencer's. We have spared you the trouble of making sure of getting a good
heater because we have looked over thc whole field
for the best and seleeted accordingly. All the heaters
mentioned here are the best for some particular situation or circumstances; also you arc apt to buy
them here for less money, in fact, there is $5.75 difference on one heator botwecn the price asked here
ind elsewhere. But we will sell only for Cash.
CAST BOX STOVES—One of the most efficient typos of
Btove to be found for wood burning, with two holes on top—
the amall size has only one—sizoB 18, 22, 25, 28, 31 and 35.
The numbers indicate the length of wood each one will carry.
Specially priced at 98.50,111.66,114.00,117.00 »18.90, JS4.60.
OAK HEATERS—Generally favorod for halls and rooms because of their smart appearance and good heating qualities
Hero are tive sizes, with heavy cast top, fender, door and
base; handsomely nickle trimmed, heavy east lining for coal
burning, »11.25,  .14.76 nnd    .18.50
CADETOI.OBE HEATERS—Por coal burning; all c»«t Iron;
five sizes 15.26, 16.95, $7.46, $8.76, $10.00
REGAL-FRANKLIN—Open front coal burning heater. With
this heator thc Arc is in sight just like an open fireplace, and
is very cheerful. Also a very durable heater and presents
a smart appearance $16.76 ana $21.76
TWILIGHT HERALD—A similnr type but somewhat different in stylo $18.76 and $81.76
HOT BLAST HEATER—For coal burning; haa
special apparatus to effect moro complete combustion of fuel.   Highly  recommended.    Two
sires $17.86 and $10.16
IDEAL HEATER—A tall heater with firebrick
lining for coal burning. Takes up little room and
gives a splendid heat. 1'iices....$17.36 and $21.76
DAVID SPENCER, LTD. ■■■■■:      .,- --   -   ■  :.- •    .*   ■      -...-
Yk****--TZT IMoner IV, 1B1»
!Y
Dirty- Ruling: Class Tactics
Used to Defeat Workers of Hungary
"I have been allowed to see copiei
of the correspondence between Otem-
onceau and Bela Kun which proves
that on June 15th Clemenceau offered peace to the Hungarian Soviets,
if they would withdraw Red troops
from Roumania and Osecho-Slovak
territory aa delimited in Paris. Bela
Kun replied that this had been partially accomplished already and
would be finished at once. By June
18th withdrawal waa complete.
"Clemenceau then wired that if,
in addition, the Soviet army were
disarmed facilities would bo given
for a dolegato from fthe Bela Kun
government to proceed to tho Peace
Conference. Immediately the Bed
troops wre  disarmed   .   .   .   somo
days later the Roumanians whose
good behavior Ciemonoeajl had just
guaranteed fell upon Bela Kun'a disarmed men and massaored them in
numbers. Bela Kun's telegrams to
Clomenceau calling attention to this
faot is clear and woll documented.
He received no coherent reply. The
offer of peace and recognition was
never renewed. From that moment
the inexorable orushing of the Soviets began.—John Barry, newa correspondent ia Paris.
MAKUBA FIREMEN WISH
THANKS  RECORDED
Voloe Thoir Appreciation of Bnjoy-
able Evening ud Thanhs for
rait Played Is Striko
Owing to tho lateness of the hour
at which tho banquet to the crew of
tho Makura waa held hut Thursday
night, It was impossible to givo an
extended report in the last issue and
the Firemen on the Makura have
asked that wo record tho thanks of
that section of the orew to the Longshoremen of Vancouvor for the enjoyable evening, and the appreciation oxpressed of the action of tho
crow during tho strike.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Eare Thar An, Indexed for Tou
lb. Union Han, Out This Out and Olve It to Tout Wifo
Banks
Bonk of Toronto, Hastings k Cambie; Viotorla, Merritt and New Westminster.
Royal Bank of, Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouvor, 26 in B. 0.
SLoliy's...
Bakeries
.Phone Fairmont 44
Tisdalls Limited...
J. A, Flett	
Bicycles
..618 Hasting) Streot West
 Hastinga Streot West
Billiards
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)..
..it Hastings Street East
 Hastings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co., —  119 Hastings Street East
Ingledew Shoe Store. _____ 600 Gronville Streot
Johnston's Big Shoe Store  ■■■_., ...409 HastingB Street West
"K" Boot Shop   319 Hastings Street Wost
Nodolay Shoo Co.   1047 Granville Stroet
  ., ■ (4 Hastings Street West
  ._...„   Hastings Streot East
Piorro Paris....
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Bank Buffet...
Theliha Cafe	
Trocadero Cafo...
Cafes
 Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
  .._._ 04 Hastings Street East
   155 Haatinga Street Woit
Millar * Coe. Ltd.
Chinaware and Toys
   .419 Hastings Stroot West
-..Cigars
El Doro and all Union Label Clgara
Arnold k Quigley...
Clubb k Stewart	
B. C. Outfitting Coll. O. Tailoring Co—
Wm. Dlek Ltd...
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
...546 Granville Street
-..309*315 Hastings Street Wost
 849 Hastings Street West
-198 Hastings Street East
Thoa. Foster * Co., Ltd..
J. W. Foster A Co., Ltd	
J. N. Harvey Ltd.	
The Jonah-Prat Co..
-33-49 Hastings Street Eoat
-514 Granville Street
New York Outfitting Co	
Hickson's.  .*.....
David Spencer Ltd.—..—	
W. B. Brumitt...
 345 Hastings Street West
 115 Hutinga West and Victoria, B. G.
-401 Hastings Streot Wost
-143 Hastings Street West
 820 Granville Stroot
  Hastings Street
-Cordova Street
Thomas k McBain...
Woodwards Ltd...
T. B. Cuthbertsons k do...
Victor Clothes Shop...
...Granville Streot
...Hastings and Abbott Streeta
...Granvillo Stroet and Hastings Stroet
.112 Hastings West
Robinson Clothes Shop, Ltd   —Corner Hastings and Biohards
G. B. Kerfoot - - —— 155 Hastings Streot Eost
The Parisian Cloak and Suit Go-
Kirk 4 Co., Ltd..
Macdonald Marpole Co...
...600 Granvillo Stroet
Coal
 929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
  1001 Main Street
Dairies
Hillcrest Dairy .
Valley Dairy _.
..Phone Fair. 1984
.....Phone Bay. 553
Dentists
*** Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Cassulnian....™.... 602 Hastings West
Dr. W. J. Curry.  — 301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell. .__ • ■rncr Granville and Bobson Streets
Dr. H. E. Hall ...i- lu Hastings Street East, Soymour 4042
Df? Lowe _._  — Corner Hastings nnd Abbott Streets
Dr. Grady.   Corner Haatinge and Soymour Streets
Drinks
Bank Buffet!	
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Bcor.	
Hotel \Vest...
...Cor Hastings nnd Homor Streets
....Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vanoouver Breweries Ltd.
..444 Carrall Stroot
Patrleia Cabaret.......
Rob Boy Hotol	
Tail—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros .........
-411 Hastings Streot East
-87 Cordova Street Wost
-409 Dunsmuir Street
.........Cidcis and wines
Drugs
.Any of their six stores
Vsncouver Drug Co	
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak * Suit Oo  523 Hastings Street West
Cordon Drysdale Ltd   Granvillo Street
Florists
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd  48 Hastinga East and 728 Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center ft Hanna Ltd....
Nunn Thomson ft Olegg...
Hastings Furniture Co..
1049 Georgia, Seymour 2425
131 Homer Street
leorgi
 ii
Furniture
,.41 Hastings Streot West
Groceries
Cal-Van Market— Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
"Sinters" (three stores). Hastings, Granvillo aud Main Streots
8. T. Wallace Marketaria .116 Hastings Stroet WeBt, Soymour 1260
  Baitings and Abbott Streets
_ jflNNVTC DEBT
toATlOMST?. SU GIG IIP
1 'are slamming the door of reaaon
his face, leaving him no option othi
than determined organiaed opposition to tho movement you advocat
No nn ma will deny labor
right to a fuller, freer lifo. All at
agreed that tho emancipation of thl
workor omancipates tho wholo hii-,
man raco. Meet your merchant prinea
as a fellow human, helng in tha
spirit of getting together, apply logijs
and reaaon in you*» conversation,
and you will find him an enthusiastic advocate of Socialisation of industries, otc, bnt it mnst bo international, universal, and herein Ilea
the problom for tho SociaUst alwayi
bearing thii in mind that the insurmountable barrier ia your fellow
worker. Doa't you realizo that 60
per oent, of your fellow workora
make tho claim that this old world
couldn't bo run without mastors and
monoy, and yot they admit a change
is necessary, but object to any interference with these cherished institutions.
Until labor is educated and thus
qualified to think intelligently, it
were foolish to expect it to aet intelligently. You so-callod leaders of
the workers aro simply retarding in-
teliectua> development. They look to
you to load them instead of each
working out his own freedom.
Better that the workor. remain a
slavo if his desire for freedom'is
not dovoloped sufficiently to bunt
his own shackles. A man is not enslaved until he feels the restraint
of his shaekles.
My brother toiler is like unto tho
Christian who meekly accepts his unhappy condition as boing the will
of hoaven and calmly submits to the
supremo dictum and humbly awaits
the coming of a Messiah to free him
from bondage. Death, the leveller,
ia your deliverer my frail brother.
Tho result of eraft organization
has been to control and retard the
process of evolution. Today, through
the avarice and enveloping course of
the system, thoy are uniting in the
0. B. U. to avert a condition which
is forcing them down to tho condition of tho Jackal! whoso gregarious
habits are utilized ' by Mammons,
most fervent worshippers,' who
neither toil nor spin.
Today  many   aro   stepping   out
blindly across tho  threshold of  a
world'i revolution. Take courage my
striko was persisted in. Now, if the brother, each step of the. well beaten
enmp is oh striko, what kind of men trail is marked with the rich, red
will tho   international   furnish   to blood of the martyrs to the causo of
A Reply to Russell
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir-
In your issue of October tho third
I loe that delegate Bussell, reported to the Trades and Labor Council
that the Steam and Oporating Engineers of Winnipeg, wero 100 per
cent, strong for the international.
This statement la not correct and
I hope you will rectify thia error
in your next issuo.
We, the Stoam and Operating Engineers of Winnipeg, are over 95 per
cent. 0. B. U. and it will not bo
long bofore the other 5 per eent.
are lined up, He also atates that at
a numbor of other plaoes the internationals are getting their membors
back, well that ia sure newa to me,
and I am sure that it exists only in
Delegate Russol's imagination. The
truth is tbat the 0. B. U. is developing rapidly, especially in Winnipeg,
and we aro receiving authentic nows
from every quarter of other organizations lining up and I might state
that quite a number of locals who
have not yot joined us, have stopped paying per capita tax to their
internationals.
Hoping you will correct Delegato
Russell's misstatement itt your noxt.
issue, I romain
Yours respectfully,
E. R. COOPER.
Secretary and Businoss Agont, Steam
and  Oporating   Engineers.    Unit
No. 1, O, B. U., Winnipeg, Man,
Another Reply to Bussell
Editor B. C. Federationist: In an
article in the correspondence column
of the Province, Octobor 13, Russell
states that you have a misconception of facts in regard to the Internntionnl Engineers Union being a
acab organization. Now, in rogard
to the man who had fought four
years for his country, I would like
to say that there were five other
men in camp at the time of the
striko who had also fought for their
country, but who came out on strike
for bettor camp conditions, otc. Bus-
sell says, "My organization has
nevor allowed, etc." I would like
to know if he owns that organization—he colls it "my."
On Monday night October 6th, a
special meoting of tho T. ft L. Council (Int.), decided to furnish the
camp (Knox Bay) with men if the
break the strike*
Yours,
... A CAMP DELEGATE.
A Reply to Nemesis
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Please
publish the following in your columns: •
Nemesis, thou goddess of veng-
tho oppressed.
In that hour when tho overthrow
of the system is accomplished tto.
must remember that wo are forever'
parting with tho greatest, most com.**
plete civilizing influence in the history and progress of mankind, whose
only crime is having outlived the allotted span ot usefulness and like
man when death shall come to call
■
nw at thl I ,j
tsky and | |
. it would
Surope to
Beginning
Thursday
October 16
ence thy writings-and thy spirit ."a Jim h"e"nce, bTghttog Kta.31ffi?£E '" the ""*** *
much  resemble,   the  god   of   the loag that ^ f   _*,_ de„ t0»td ™°*° «"">»•
Christians that mothinks thou must „,„,", ^o^^ *__ degraded being!'
have forsaken thy sceptre and be- that habltate thia planet. *f
com, a follower of  that   ruthless     j „, „ „i<SBt ^OTsJUpperaf   -
t« v     iu   a.   '-jr;:     *,   , «■"■'■» of Lenin and Trotsky
Look outsido the ancient god eir- thcit niliqu, iev„iution, but it *.,
elo of thy musty companions, stop bo crimillai tot Western Europe
down from thy imaginary throno on advocate that courso.   The line of
the atom clouds and compare thy least resistance is along constitution]
insane achievements with the noblo sntaei an? the work of true leader!
purposo of the new living gods-man 8Mp _, modifying and guiding the
an4w?!!"£\ .      „     .v J radioal demands of tho ever-widen-
Would that I could match your el- ing dosirm ot tho awakcning ,„••„,
oquonco. I should devote my pen to it were dangerous to play on tho
establish the doctrine of the new so- eords of hate at this time of unrost.
cial ordor, tho equality of men and Tune your harp in harmony with
womon in thought, word and action, that great message of love-when
You tay brothor, havo acquired the„*,,,- to man tho world o'er will
weakness displayed by many Sociol-.brothers bo for a' that,
ist and labor agitators.  You havo pBO BONA PUBLICO.
decidod that this old world sustains 	
two classes—master and slave—when! Editor B c pajora,inni«t*
really there is only one-the .lovo    ■ _**'__._ ,„ the VaSiv.r Pro.
class. Tho capitalist a slave to tho v,nCeZ?'e.  ___e _%______f_
ffitet/t to * !tftmd ^ ^SSAtm^A-mTmf.
¥2tfgf&i**m Nemo.,.. r.n"eX°eUr ^oVStS
rhe^'feC't^SfeV   * VtSattaJ" $_-_*__
the goda, wilt thou draw the clear steam and  ODeratln*   Rnclnaan-
ta-*a-Vi J™'"'!" l" J?" * "i?ftf£dS£TS
«,. ?f«.gf   JS w t "lr,*""*■■, told him tho engineor would either
?r„iT, it.   rt   i   i rt8.' "»» *> I0'" «"> O-V. or be dia-
erZJ „„    „1■*  ihV Wrt™ -«*»*•   °» Mr- A»*>™>n refus-
crown-not   occasioned   by   tho i„g t0 discharge the engineer the
wearing of said crown, but f i*om the
fact of tho responsibilities represented and coincidently assumed with
snid crown. The straight road always is tho stony path to travel. By
your venomous hatred of the possessor, you but enhance the valuo
of his possessions. The shackle
round tho anklo of tho slave is gall-
ingly welded on the neck of tho
mastor.
Thy brother god, Mammon, thou,
oh Nomesis, well knowest is tho most
exacting and ruthless of alf our gods
and demands for his favors tho absolute submission and subservience
of all the desires and passions of
his weak devoted followers, the once
innocent holploss offsprings of the
univorsal creator mother nature.
Let me point a scientific truth:
The so-called capitalist olass that you
so gonorously abuse, is tho product
of the workor and it were foolish
of the creator to abuse and degrade
his own handiwork. The capitalist
is the innocont effect; tho worker
tho immediato cause, and herein is
contained the just grievance of ths
capitalist.
By your persistent and insulting
reference to tho capitalist olass you
Woodwards-
Spencers Ltd	
Broadway Tablo Supply .
Crown Life  —_—
Insurance
...Hastings Streot
. 518 Broadway East
 Rogers Building
Jewelers
Birks Ltd. .„_............  Granvillo and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin..._- -(Malkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand-  (Turner Beeton ft Co., Tiotoria, B. 0.)
Paints
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co  648 Granvillo Street
*      ,. Pianos
HicksLoviok Piano Co  1117 Granvillo Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan A Brookhouse —■—••—...Labor Templo
Mlnnd-Dibble —  :*:;'lriw™ Building
Angoll Engraving Oo...
A. H. Timms...
Whits ft Blndon...
P. G. E	
 518 Hastings West
...828-230—14th Avenue East
 .528 Pendor Stroet West
Railways
 and the .-
Tools
J. A. Flett...
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather.  *
Theatres and Movies
Empress *    *      Orpheum 	
...0, N. B.
...Hastings Street West
.Hastings Street West
Pantages
OLELAND- DIBBLE   ENGRAV.
ING COMPANY
limited
KIOTO EHORAVEB8
OOMMEBOIAI ABTIBTS
Phone Sermonr 7169
Third  floor,  World  Building,  Tea-
convtr, B. 0.
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS,     PUBLISHERS,     STE-
BEOiyPEBS   AMD   BOOKBINDERS
Union Officials, write for prices.
(Ive SATISFACTION
Wo
Guests* Phones Ber. 940l-9«2
Office Phone Sey. 3278
HOTEL WEST
SIMPSON AND MARCHESS, Utaaeere
Bates 76c per Day and np
■ |3.t*o por Week and ap
tU OAEBAIA ST. VANCOUVER, B.C.
Opposite B. C. Klootrio Hnilwsy Oen Office
Loggers called a strike. Mr. An*
dorson came to Vancouvor and
laid the matter before the executive of tbe Vancouver Trades and
Labor Oounoil (international). A
special meeting of that bod> do*
cided the camp waa fair and so
notlfled the Provincial Employment Bureau. It was also decided
by the executive that men would
be provided for tbe camp if the
strike was persisted in.
Now, whon tbe strike was called
there were about 185 men in camp
all mombers ot the O.B.U., except
two non-union "men and one, engineer (International). The demands of the strikers wore: (1)
Milmum wago ot |5.00; (2) Time
and one-half for overtime and Sundays: (» Engineer be replaced
hy an engineer in O.B.U. or organization affiliated with O.B.U.
None of those demands have
been granted yet, and the etrlke
is still on.
The article statos that tke special meeting deolded the camp was
fair. I don't know what the In*
ternatlonal calls fair. I think that
the wago schedule o t the Stoam
Operating Englneera calls for
time and one-half for overtime.
Now, when that demand was
pieced before Anderson he said
he would aot pay it; also, any mat
refusing to work o vertlme when
called on would be laid off.
Now, It seems to me that the
logger! of Anderson's camp were
right In refusing to work with anyone who would not Join a union
that was improving camp conditions and shortening the hours of
labor. Thero were six engineer^
working ln camp at the time.of the
strike, five of tbem members of
the O.B.U. Now, when those engineers try to go to work ln any
other Industry In Vancouver thoy
have to Jpin tho A. P. of L„ and I
think it is only right that when an
engineer or a nyone olse goes to
work ln the logging industry they
should belong to the union that
looks after their Intorests.
Now, this "special moeting" declured the camp was "fair." I
would like to know how many
members of that "oxecutivo" wero
loggers; also what they know ot
conditions existing ln the logging
camps ot B. 0„ and would suggest
that If they would read the "worker," a paper Issued by tht LWJ.U,
they would learn • uttle aore
about the strike at Knox Bay-
One ot the Union Men o n Strike,
Tremendous Increase in
Nation's Expenditures
Since the Year 1914
Canada's debt kad increased nearly aix hundred por eent. since the
year of the war. At ths present time
it is wound .1,100.000,000. The new
loan will probably inerease that by
about $400,000 U00. Before tho end
of the next Isoal year the debt of
Canada will bo close on two and a
half billion dollars. The receipts
from coasolidated revenue are estimated at about 244 millions. Obviously, there is a record breaking deficit confronting thiB government;
and it would not be surprising if
there should be a desire on the part
of some of ita members to Seo from
the wrath to eome.
m snoxEB
HOLDING FASr
In Spite of Activities of
Labor Skinners and
Gov't Officials
"The situation on all fronts in
satisfactory^'' as tho war communiques used to any. Tho steel strikers
are holding solidly everywhero. It
demonstration whieh certainly
will have a proud place in the story
of labor's great fights. Even if tho
rights of citizens were not denied,
if meetings, picketing and distribution of literature were freely permitted, it would still be a herculean
task to keop in touch with tho thousands upon thousands of strikors in
the steel cities of the country. They
speak a score of languages. Add to
tnat the suppression of meetings,
etc. and it begins to hit one hard
as to how wonderful a flght is being
made by tho "hunkios"—as almost
auy foreigner in a stoel mill is called. On top of all this, have been
the terrorist tactics and still the foreigner is sticking and the strike is
now closing up its third week without benefits or strike relief being
paid. Tet, squealing and whinning is
practically unheard of. Tho trick
used by companies in at least four
steel towns of sticking up notices in
various languages saying, "Go to
strike headquarters and demand the
strike money which is due you,"
has failed to make oven serious in-
Rubberized Tweed
Raincoats
*
$20 to $35
You'll find in our huge stock of high-grada
waterproofs the kind of coat and the style you
want. Smart novelty and Trench model* for the
young fellow as well as Raglans and Slip-ona.
Every Coat Guaranteed Waterproof
LOTHES
112 Hastings
St. Wash.
UNION SHOP
Opp. Woodward's
OHILD WELFARE CONVENTION HEBE THIS MONTH
The Child Wolfare Association of
B. C. is holding its second annual
convention on October 2D, 30 aud
31 in this city. Two evening sessions will bo held in the Hotol Vnncouver and the others in tho Elks'
Hall, Soymour Stroot.
Among the topics to be discussod
will be tho following: Dofoctive and
feeble-minded childron, parental responsibility, vocational training,
physical well-being of the child, educational reform, government responsibility towards the child, juvenile offenders, delinquent children,
and a number of other important
subjects relating to the house of
childhood.
Experts and specialists will deal
wtth these probloms. The prominent
speakers will'ihclude:
Atty.-Oen. W. DeB. Fnrrisj Mrs.
Balph Smith, M.L. A.; Jndgo fang
Dykeman, Seaftlo; Dr. Stevenson
Smith, psychological clinic Seattle;
Bov. B. 0. MacBeth, M.A.J Brig.-
Oon. Victor W. Odium, O.M.O., D.S.;
H. W. Collier, Esq., chief probation
officer, city; Judgo Shaw of the Juvenile court; Bev. A. H. Sovereign,
M.A.; Mrs. Irene H. Moody, chairman, city school board; Dr. Ernest
Hall, Dr. T. P. Hall,'M.A.; John
Kyle, superintendent technical education for the province; A. M.
Stephen, B. Se.; Mrs. J. A. Muir-
head, president Federation of Parent-Touchers' Association; Mr. Car-
told A. King, Miss Martha A. Lind-
loy, psychological* cKnic. eity; Miss
Bertha Winn, snperlntondent special
classes, Victoria; Mrs. H. Gregory
MacOill, judgo of Juvenile court,
has kindly furnished a paper.
There will be throe sessions daily.
Local artists have kindly consented
to contribute musical numbers for
the different sessions. No one inter
ested in child welfare—and who*Is
notf—ean afford to miss attendaqee
at this important eonvention. Delegates ara oxpeoted from different
parts of the provinee aad also from
points outside. The. various committees have thoroughly la hand the
various arrangements, aad, there eaa
be no question as to the suceess *f
the whole convention.
The splendid human welfare exhibit will not be a feature tta wot
intended of the eonvention bat Will
be given under the auspices of the
Child Wolfare Association early ia
. Deb-
November, whea tin Bev. Mr.
son has kindly consented t*
several addressee,
•»»•
The national convention of Ik*
nowly-formed National Labor Party
will be held in Chioaajb en November
22, with approximately 1600 tb MOO
delegatea, representing several thousand Labor organisations from aU
parts of the country.
Paris
Thursday
October 16
INTRODUCTORY
SALE
When I advertise bargains I mean real ones
For 12 years I havs been dealing with Vanoouver citizens. I havo always given a square deal. Any Shoe that
leaves my store must be up-to-Paris standard. I bought too many shoes for my needs in anticipation of tho big advance in shoes which has taken plaoo, and now find that I must rcduce.it in order to pay my bills as they fall due.
Now, beginning tomorrow, I am putting my stock in your hands. Today's prioes at the factory are very high, bnt
my prices are all based on 12 months ago buying. For good, dependable merchandise, these prices can not be duplicated anywhere in Canada. If you save money by buying bonds over ordinary bank interest then I say SAVE MOKE
MONEY BT BUYING ENOUGH SHOES FOR A YEAB AT MY JNTBODUCTORY SALE PBIOE.
$7.45 — Men's Goodyear WelU;
good stout soles. This lot comprises
blacks and browns in box and willow
oalfs. Just the boot for FaU and
winter wear. Beg. (9
to *11.   Now.	
..$7.45
$5.00—Do you know of any more
eoonomioal way of spending a five-
dollar bill? I have grouped several
lines of mon's heavy grain and
chrome boots at this price. Regular
from $6.50 to $8.00.
Now...... 	
$5.00
Out out the Ust   of   advertisers,
patronise them, and tall tbem why.
Boys' Black Grain Boots;
double sole, guaranteed all
solid leather. Just the
boots for your boy to
wear  for  wet  weather.
£.!.to....„..$4.20
Youths', samo as above.
Sizes 11-13/ *Q QC
for «pO.OD
$5.85—Men's Brown and Blaok
Calf Boots; neolin soles, round and
pointed toes. Eight good lasts to
choose from. Beg. $6,
$9, (10. AU to go at...
$5.95
Misses' Velvet Calf Blucher; solid leather; roomy,
broad last. An extra good
buy. Sixes 11 to 2Va-
Priced
at.	
Chillis', same  as  above.
Sizes 8 to
v>y_	
Infants', same as above.
Price An qjJ
Sizes 5-7y2.   *pmAt*/D
$3.95
e  as  above.
$3.35
W. 0. S. Gunmetal Bal;
good fitting shapo, medium
toe, with or without rubber heels. *is am
AU sites. <])D.«/0
W. 0. S. 9-m. Blaok Calf
Blucher; plain toe, suitable for hard outsid*
wear. All
sizes.   Price.
$4.15
We are now equipped to handle sny sort of Shoe Repairing quickly and well   Bring any Shoe
you have—We can fit it with Rubbers
P. PARIS
51 HASTINGS STREET WEST PAGE EIGHT
eleventh tear. No. 42     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FBIDAT: ."...October 17, 1919
Reduce the H. C. of L.
By Buying Your Groceries
at Woodward's
Specials for One Week Commencing
Friday, October 17th, 1919
Ilagic Baking Powder, tin.SSc
Daglo Brand Lobster, per tin,
at _ 89c and 57c
Climax Jam, sib. tin 07c
Blue Point Oysters, tin SOc
| Tip Top Sauce, bottle...*16c |
0. — Sauce, per bottle 27c
Dominion Matches, 300s .... 8c
Golden West Soap 86c
Campbell's Tomato Soup,
per tin 18c
(Wagstaff's Baspborry Jam, I
4-ft, tin * 98c I
Gem Lye, per tin ..120
Fols Naptha Soap 100
Soger's Golden Syrup 8Se
Malkin's Baking l'ewiler....83c
Libby's Happy Vale Pine-
applo, per tin. Mc
Aylmer Keiffer Pears, 2Vjs 80s
Clarke's Pork and Beans,
per tin  80
Genuine  Almond   Paste   (_■
lb. pkts.)  ...SBC
Eagle Brand Milk, per tin.aic
Libby's Dill Piekles 21c
Kellogg's Corn Flakes,
per pkt 10c
Colman's Puro Mustard,
_\h. tin 39s
Cottage Peanut Butter, per
fc'lass  28e
Wothey's Minco Meat ....lBVaC
Maple Leaf Milk  lli/jC
Aunt Dinah Molusses,
per tin  lie
Cremottes, per pkt 10c
Grape Jem, per tin .21c
Wagstaif 's Orange, Citron and
Lemon Peel  40c
Seeded Raisins (Sun Maid)
at  17'/jC
Silver Bar Seeded Ruisins,
per pkt 14c
(jimltcr Puffed Wheat  16c
Quaker Puffed Rico  160
Shredded Wheat (large*
sije)  13c
Grapenuts, per pkt 13c
Swift's Arrow Borax Soap,
per bar  Cc
Hcintz Tomato Ketchup 340
Shelled Almonds, ><* lb 3SC
Holbrook's Malt Vincgur....89c
Robin Hood Forridgo Wheat,
per pkt 18C
Quaker Plum Jam, 4-lb.
tin _ 86c
I Bluo Ribbon Ton, ^....,..68^1
GET  IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
Buenos Aires—A general ktrike,
ealeld ln sympathy with striking
toothers, has tied up the city and
Province of Mendoza. Tho strike
followed' npon the refusal of the
school authorities to force the resignation ef the provincial director of
schools, wko had met with the disapproval of the Teachers Union. The
union struck, also, in protest over
the dismissal ot a number of its
members. The strike is so complete
that nswspanra have suspended and
poHoe are operating the tramways.
BDLLBTINS WANTED
Ter record purposes, we desire to
Bare six copies of Nos. 8-16 aad 18
of tbe Strike Bulletins. Headers who
kave kept these copies will confer a
favor by seadlag us this number of
tke above issues.
Where is your union button!
aa top wa»i to bkjot an
rtUow Ike Onwt to the
Patricia Cabaret
•at blook ,e.l et Bmpreii The.tr.
—AMD BEAR—
USS UUH IOSE. ADA
•MITB, 1. tOVl ul Ho EEL
fctannt Ike latest tens hits. ■■-
Mh by tkt Ernst Jut Etui
411 HASTIMOS STIBEI I.
HMe, S i.k. tt 1
Rob Roy
Hotel
M«lwi—BMJ 0»DTH.M»
■ot  ud  Ovid  Water  In  Every
Jtoom
FIRBTOLAS8 BAR
iT   0O1DOVA    STXBET   WEST
»rtpfi«tr«i:        If RB.    WRIQHT
UU el tk* Victor Motel
Out and Dried
Wc print below tho card that was
supplied to the faithful attending
the Trades Congress, as a chock
•gainst lapse of memory and as a
guide to thoso who found difficulty
in pronouncing and spoiling foreign
names.
Many delegates, notnblo somo
from Montreal, carried thoso cards
to the convention with thom; other,
wore supplied at Hamilton. Thero
wasn't a chance on oarth that a
namo on thc list should fail to secure election:
For Executive Council
MOOKE
DRAPER
MABTEL
HALFORD
McANDREWS
Tor Intemtaional Delegate to
tlie Britirh Trades Congress
O'DtU*
A SKIRMISH
Prince Rupert is a small but lively
burg, situated at the Northfost corner, of the map und built ou stilts.
Nevertheless, a vory live und progressive body of workers oan there
be found, ..till actively engnged in
building up the 0. R. II., which has
a nice hall for genoral work and
meeting* of the Central Labor Council (O.-B. U.)
A fow studious workers have recently established a Political Economy Club where various subjects,
chiefly economics, will bo discussed.
The constitution of, the Central
Labor Council of the 0. B. U. of
Prince Rupert is a short and conciso
presentation of the rulos and regulation!! required for the running of
tbat body. Tbe International Trades
and Labor Council is chiefly noted
for its unadulterated ineptitude and
Ichabod" should bo the motto of
this rapidly declining institution.
A good committeo to handle loeal
fundi and questions respecting tho
Winnipeg trials is being formed and
in all, P. R. will be heard from very
soon.
The Broadway Table Supply
Phone Fairmont 18 and 19 518 Broadway East
TRY OUR  CASH AND DELIVERY BYSTEM
Oilwlo Okeeie  86c
Royal   Standard   Flour,   49   Hi.
»t  $a.»o.
loyal Hottiekold, 40 Ibi. .. ...2.60
rive Rom Flour, 48 lbs 13.00
Purity Flour, 40 lba.   12.90
I Wild Roie Paitry Flour, 10-lb.
aacka  .6le
B. b K. Oats, aaok 65c
B, k K. Oatmeal, fine, medium
and  coane   70c
Wheat  Pearla   41c
S faith Bran   15c
eUofs'a Corn Flake*, 2 fnr ...afic
Cream of Wheat, pht 86c
B. ii K. Wheal i'lakei, pkt 36c
| ruffed Wheat. pkK 16c
Robin Hood OaU, pkt aio
Nabob Vluogar,   Lottie  2Bc
Malkln'a  Deal VlucRar,  bottle..S3c
Ptari,   <i.«\e  Brand,   tin   20c
Strawberry Jam, 4-lb. tin -.11.25
Raapborry Jam, 4-11i.  t'u .. .((1.26
Pork and Beam, 8 tins for  86a
Malkln'a Beat Baking Powder..23:
jEltgo Baking V owdpr SOc |
MrrIc   Baking  Powder   26c
Uatkin'a Cnatard Powdor, large-
tin  B8e
Fry'a Coeoa 2Bo
Phone Your Order,
Compound Lard 86a
Hallbrook'e  Custard   Powder....He
Soap, Sunlight, 4 for   25c
White Swan, 5 for  20c
Royal Crown, 6 for ...„ 26c
Naptha H. 0. Soap, 9 for 60c
Naptha White Swan, 9 for ....60e
Uallbrock'a, 2 for  3Bo
| Campbell Soup, tin 16c I
Match**, 3  for 	
blue Rlbbnn Tea ....
Alulkin'a  Best  Tea
Nabob  Te*   	
Uur Bulk  Tea
....86c
....etc
...eoc
 63c
._ 48c
Mnlkin'a Dent Coffee  60c
Wedding Breakfast Coffee  86c
I Crimo, por lh 88c I
Puffed Rico, pkt 16c
liUrge  Uur   Klm.rlyki-   Houp 3Sc
Cam  of Tomatoei,  large ilao,
2 for  38o
Speeial Albortn Hulter, 8 lba. fl.SO
Jutland   ftanlinoa lOo
| Butter Cup Milk  He I
While and Brown Vlnogar  lfic
Ammonia   IRo
White Hearts, 3 Dm, for  26c
Robin Hood Oata, Mick  40c
t-*oit. 2 Racks for 28c
Ilicl'lnud Potatoea f 1.06
Fairmont 18 and 19
PEHIPIECE ON
PLAYING THE GAME
Playing the Game With
the Ruling Class Not
the Workers' Job
"Playing the gamo," being a
phrase which appealed to the sporting instinct of li. K. Pettip-ieco, supplied him with u "motif" for a
vigorous hour's talk at tho Columbia on .Sunday nigbt.
He flrst of «U sketched the outlines of "the game" as it is played
"by thc capitalist fraternity dn goneral, with illustrations taken from
B. C. in particular. This province's
natural resources, he pointed out,
made a particularly good hunting-
ground; the opportunity had been
so well used that the said resources
wero now sufely corralled by the
big Jliumciul interests, largely
'' American labor-skinners.'' Tho
name of the Now England Fish Co.
wus an indication of whut had happened in ono big industry; the control of 130,000 square miles of B. C.
timber by tho Bwift interests pointod to a similar situation in another.
Even farming had become as much
capitalist aa any other industry;
large tracts were held by "gentlemen farmers" wilh their 7-pnssen-
gor autos, employing Chink labor
and out to get thc most labor for
tho least money. Tho natural corollary, of course, was a great mass of
propertyiess men und women on tho
other hand, Tho bosses had now got
the workers in a position where thoy
were cither working for one of thom
or not working ut ull.
Anothor feature of "the game"
waB tho organization of the workers to vote for the 'interests and got
their representatives into ovory department. In the logal profeBsioA,
tho leading ambition was to represent some big corporation and thus
got into a position of political power and affluence. They told the
workers thoy wcro "tho salt of tho
earth," etc. and so got their votes;
in view of tne stupidity of the working class in electing representatives
of the corporations to write the laws,
thc speaker declared: "You've got
what's coming to you, but not quite
enough in my opinion."
Since tho outbreak of the great
war, the newly-rich wore more determined tban oyer not to let go.
The bunch of brigands at Ottawa,
Victoria, and other such plaeos, wore
going to hnng on at all eost. For
thnt purpose, they had got all the
rascals of both parties in onc union
government. Thoy recognized thnt
tho folly of calling onc another
names, und going through an election, eould be done without. "They
Btole the election in the first,place,
and now they'ro discussing whether
they'll go baek and faco.the people
or not."   (Applause.)
Tho speaker hoped that, in thc
coming election at Vivtoria, tho
workers wonld show thcir contempt
for "that miserable bunch baek at
Ottawa." He thought Tom Barnard
was a man who eould "raise moro
Cain in less time" than anybody
elso who hnd been there for a long
timo.
Boverting to tho appenl to "play
tho gamo," tho speaker said: "Tho
employers, and especially tho wiser
ones, realizo thut the jig 'is up; they
wonder how they can stave off tho
evil day." Owing to economic development, there was now no avenue
of escape; the workers had got to do
tho job for themselves. They had
got to a place whero there had to
bo some fundamental change. In
addition to tho press, the pulpit und
the parson wero now pressed into,
the gamo; "as the ease becomes'
more urgent, they nro trying all
sorts of methods." In Western Canada especially, they hnd such complete control thnt they could create
an environment which it .was hard
for the workers to get out of.
.Tho old policy of trade union
leaders, working in with the political parties, was "playing the game"
—but whoso game? Tho boss' game;
not the workers', Gompers had adopted their machino methods, and tbo
Just session of the Trades and Lnbor Congross was just as much u
port of that policy of "playing tho
game" as any house of legislature
that had ever met in Canada. Manipulating the personnel of commissions, as Bowser had done hore in
connection with workmen's compensation, was another of the political
methods—and the trickiest of all—
"playing the. game."
The speaker submitted that it wns'
not fair to tho workers' represents-1
tives to send thom to Ottawa or Victoria to "play the game" in the
only way it could there be played
with "that bunch" to get anything.
The sooner wo break away and
mako it a rank and file movement
who don't know anything about
"playing the game" thu bettor for
us all." (Applause.) In Cunada, ho
believed, "the deli hus boen accept-
d by tho rank and file; they are
going to quit 'playing tho game' and
organize a game of their own."
An to thu talk of unconstitutional methods, etc., tho speaker said,
'I plead guilty to wanting to see
this present form of governmont absolutely wiped off the curth. I want
to see a real, live lutftr movement;
I don't enre about names. I don't
believe tho economic or industrinl
itruggle is tbe best way; but it may
become necessary.'' Tho English
workors were leaning up ngainst
"tho power on thc job;" and ho bolioved they were going to bo the
first to do momentous things. The
neit few yoars wcro going to be
very active; thero was no (wny out
of it but to bring about produetion
for use, "instead of this insane
mess wo'vo got at present." (Applause.)
Flannelette
Nightgowns
for Women
At $1.75 — Gown with
yoke, high _neck, long
sleeves, open front, lace
trimmed.
At $2.00—Slipover Flan-
nelctte Nightgown with
short sleeves and double
hemstitched yoke
At $2.00—S1 i p o v e r
Nightgown in empire effect in hemstitching; tho
round neok and sleeves
are trimmed with torchon
tnd finished with ribbon
At $2.25 — Flannelette
Nightgowns nith V-
shaped neck, double yoke
at back and trimmed
with fancy braid and
stitching.
At $2.25 —Nightgown
with fancy shaped yoke
of hemstitched tucks and
silk embroidered flannelette, insertion. . This is
open in front style with
long sleeves.
Other attractive models at
$2.50, $2.75 and up.
576 Granville Street
Sey. 3540
Tho Canadian civil service * employee, in Ottawa, Ont., formed a
co-operative association. Straight*
way the Retail Merchant. A-iBoeiB-
tion started-to light them. The Dominion Becrotary of the Merchants
Association issued* a statement to
tho press strongly condemning the
nct'on of the civil service omployees,
pointing out tho unfairness to the
big merchants who arc paying taxes
to support theso very employees,
while they aro organizing "to tolte
away from tho merchants their legitimate business."
Where is your union button!
There has been a considerable increase io co-operative activities in
Saskatchewan during tho years between 1014 and 1019. While in 1914
thoro wcro only 102 societies, thev
increanod to 304 in 1917, ond thci"r
membership grew from 1.850 to 14,*
45(1. The pnid up capital of lho
stores increased from tlil.450 (o
.152,0110, while the vnlue of the supplies handled rose from .240.000 to
over .:i,000,000.
Oakland. Onl.—By nn almost unanimous vote tho street car men ngreed
to nrbitrnlc their differences with
tho company. Tho men will return
to work in a body with no loss of
seniority. Tho union men believe
they will bo granlcd tho eight-hour
duy, but. ure uncertain if they will
tee..iv'A tin. Wl**". i*i**r**uua* *l«.i'..J
The Cause of the .
Kimberly Miners' Strike
(Continued from page 1)
Council Endorses
Repatriation   League
Overcoat
Perfection
IN OUR Overcoat
Display we offer
our trade the master
productions of the
British and Canadian
makers.
Fashion-Craft
Burberrys
Kenneth
Durwoods
A visit to our store
will verify our claims
to overcoat superiority.
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St.
N«t to Merchant! Bunk
in tho day for him to trouble himself on that account now.
It is a notorious fact that Kimberley has been the lowest paid
cam*, in the. west for the last four
years, und Mr. Blaylock has alwayi
managed to keep it so. Our wages
here have been based on evory material in thc ground copper,
gold, silver, lead and zinc, and whenever any one of thom took a jump,
Mr. Blaylock saw to it that our
wagos were based on what evor matorial happoned to be tho lowest on
the market.
There are about 40 or 50 families
up here, and as tho wuges we have
boon paid have allowed no surplus
for a rainy day, we are having a
pretty hard fight, and are badly in
need of assistance, though if we can
get a little help, we believe we can
win out ,<uid though the company
has not beon hard on the mon occupying the company's houses, and
nave furnished them the shacks on
the hill rent free, with light and
water, (about 10 families) and the
privilogo of cutting their wood, the
houses are not cinctly mansions. Ai
it is pretty hard for a family man to
get out of here, as it is-a very isolated place, most of thom will be
compelled to stay snd fight it out, as
it is a hard place to leave womon
and children alone in.
Bather an amusing affair happened on the Oth. Wo heard that there
was a car of SO strike-breakers oxpected from Winnipeg, and of courso
got busy. One of the strike com*
mittoe went down to Cranbrook to
meet thom, and sure enough in thoy
came on thc west-bound passenger.
There had originally been 50 of them
who left Winnipeg, but at Medicine
Hat they got tho first word of
trouble, and by thu time* thoy got to
Cranbrook, their number had dwind-
lod to 30. Out of tho 30 who eame
to Cranbrook, 13 came up to Kimberley, but not to work. Thoy claimed
thcir baggage, and after passing a
few pleasuntrios with tho local superintendent, they departed on the
same train as they camo in on with
tho best wishes of the Kimberley
boys, and the company was left lamenting.
Wc tako this opportunity to thank
the Cranbrook loggers for tho very
ablo assistance they rendered us on
lho occasion, and also to the mon
shipped out from Winnipeg. The following mimes nro unfair to organizod labor, as they either worked or
are still working, viz.:
Charles Aldrdigc.
John Aldridge.
Charlos Davidson (hockey player),
K Smith/ carrying 0* B. U, card
0460.
Ous Nelson.
Pontius Johnson.
George Dulgroii.
A. J. Iliggin.
Nick Vulcano.
On the Oth inst., Superintendent
Montgomery informed the men occupying houses on thc hill thut they
would havo to give writing to the
effect thoy hud renounced tho O. B.
V., return to work at old wuge scale
or got out of their houses; thoae of
them who owned houses or camp land
would have lo go nlso, leaving their
houses to the valuation of an arbitration board to bo appointed by
whom or in what manner he did not
say, the company undertaking to pny
arbitration board valuation. On receiving this notice, wu held a mass
mooting of tho men on strike, and
thc men voted to stand fast, (secret
ballot was taken), by a largo mnjority. We have sent two delegates on
the road to got what help wc can to
carry on the flght. Wo will be glad
of any assistance any ono cares to
give us in this our flght against corporate greed and remember, boys, it
is our t.unt today, it may bo yours to-
morrow. All contributions will be
acknowledged iu Tlio Federatlonist.
Hend contributions lo Secretary Harvey, Box 473, llos.tU.nd, B. 0., or
Striko Committee, Kimberley, B. C.
Esquimalt Navy Yards is a regular
0. B. U. hotbed. The Congress,
while opposed to the 0. B. U. movement, endorsed and demanded a fair
trial for the men on trial in Winnipeg. It also protested against a
great many of the orders-in-council.
There was 'very little diBpOBtion
among the delegates to adopt any direet action or O. B. U. policy, and
although this waa not desirable, Del.
McVety thought that tho Congross
waB too conservative to suit tho
Western Bpirit, but it would be good
policy for the West not to move too
fast for the East. Congress voted
^300 for organization work iu Vancouver, although this was really
granted to cover the council's expenses in sending delegates.
In conversation with International
officers Del. McVety waB given to
understand that they would not tolerate any 0. B. U. propaganda work
by mombers in their respective unions and that those caught at it
would be expelled, or the loeal charter revoked.
Delegute Gutteridge reported that
tho Vuneouver delegates had a good
share of tho work of the congress
and that thoy woro on tho job practically night and day. Tho roport
waB accepted and expenses ordered
paid.
The international ofllce of the Boot
and Shoe Workors' union donatod
$50 to the expense of sending delegates to tho congress.
In connection with the loggers'
strike at Anderson's Camp at Knox
Bay, the executive brought in a report that tbe camp waB fair and it
was endorsed by the council.
The question of endorsing the
wage schedule of the Dredgomen's
union was brought up and in view
of the fuct that this union is not
affiliated with the council on account
of it being an "outlaw" union a
committee was appointed to enquiro
into the matter and report baok.
The secretary reported that the
card ordered by the council to bo
placed in the Union Directory of
tho B. C. Foderntionist had not beon
put iu according to tho way ordered
by the secretary. Tbo council ordered thc card withdrawn.
The Meat Cutters reportod having
been granted an increase in wages
by various employers
The Steam and Operating Engineers reported having sent out tfOO
letters and were now getting old
members to rejoin.
The Milk Wagon Drivers reported
having been able to get the employers to agroo to a daylight delivery
during the winter mouths.
A delegate enquired if the organization committee had done anything
in thc way of nd dressing the uniona
thut were not yet affiliated with tho
council and it was pointed out that
most of the committee had been out
of the city but that the matter
would now bo attended to.
I
Big Representative Body
Nominate City Council
Candidates
A Labor convontion was held in
thu Scott Memorial HaU, Winnipeg,
on October 0 for tho purpose of nom
inating candidates for mayor, aldermen and school truatees in, the coming civic elections.
Members of tho Dominion Labor
Party were seated by card. Industrial organizations were represented
by dolegates in the proportion of
threo for the first hundred and one
for evory fifty mombers.
Wm. Ivons and S. J. Farmer wcro
nominated to contest the mayoralty
election and Wm. Ivens was elocted
but has since declined tho nomina*
lion in favor of 8. J. Farmer. The
following wcro nominated for tho
various offices.
Wnrd     Alderman     School Trustee
1   S. Cartwright    Mrs. Wm. Kirk
8   F. C. Tipping L, Pickup
3 J. Sampson       James Simpkin
4 Thomas Flye        Mrs. Hancox
5 John Queon Mrs. Alcin
H J. Blumberg ' 0. E. Bcakin
7   H. Jones                X Adamson
Ohas. Lestor Addxeuw Transport
Workers
The Transport Workers Unit of
the 0. B. U. is carrying on an activo
enmpaign to boost ils membership,
and tho futuro of this unit looks
brighter every week. At evory meeting new members Bign i up and be1
come active in furthering the work
of the organization.
At Wednesday evening's meoting
Chas. Lestor gave an address and
pointed out in no uncertain manner
the advantages of the 0. B. U. over
the old form of organization.
The meet ings arc open to any
wnge earner engaged in the transportation industry which covers a
wide field including teamsters, truck
drivers, warehousemen, auto mechiui-
ii'n aud freight handlers.
At next week's moeting on Wednesday October 22, A. S. Wolls will
take the platform, so bo sure to
keop that date open. The meetings
aro held in tho old Knox ehurch, 152
Cordova Street finst.
(Continued from page one)
St Ry, Men Have Lower •
Lower Wages Than 13
(Continued from page I)
Spokane—A general strike of all
lumberjacks hus been called in Eastern Washington, Idaho und Montana.
The striko was called on account of
the companies raising tho price of
board 25 cents por day, and making
a chargo of *1 a woek for blankets.
A majority of tho campa are shut
down, und more men are coming out
daily,
Winnipog—A committeo of tho
Street Railwaymen's Union conferred with A. W. MeLimont, general
manager, regarding the (100,000
bach pay due under the awnrd of
tho Mathers arbitration board, and
on account of which the public utili
ties commissioner recently granted a
temporary six-cent fare. The outcome of the meeting was not announced, but it is known that tho men
are growing more dissatisfied daily.
live properly, and that tho men's
demands wero more than justified.
Disputes Murrin's Statements -
Beferring to the 1918 trouble, Mr.
Murrin stated that tho company was
approached by tho men for certain
increases and certain changes in
working conditions, and following
the usual practice ,they put in a very
big scale of increases, und a very
large number of changes in working
conditions, and tho company agreed
to nrbitrato thom. Mr. Cottrell took
exception to this statement, nnd said
the dissatisfaction amongst tho men
became apparent in thc early spring,
and the men demanded that a new
agreement be drawn up. This was
done, and finally submitted to the
joint advisory board. The board refused to submit it to the company;
urged that it be cut down, nnd givo
tho executive plenty timo to negotiate. Two months later a draft
agreement, as cut down by the joint
advisory board, was presented to tho
company. We afterwards met Mr.
Kidd and Mr. Murrin by appointment, to boo if there wero any points
on which wo could agree, but wc
were vory politely told by Mr. Kidd
that they would not" discuss tho
agreomont with us; they told ub that
it was an insult and that the com-
mny would immediately apply for a
)oard. Stormy meetings of tno men
woro held, and the men only consented to have it cut down if it was
definitely settled that negotiations
would be broken off on July 1st;
there was no award in sight on
Juno 30th, and the men quit work
on July 2nd, owing to July 1st being a noliday.
Mr. Murrin, referring to the Action of tho men striking, in view of
tho fact that the company had stated that they would agree to pay
whatever the board of conciliation
decided, said: "That did not affect
tho men. They wont out and thc
city eounoil mot and finally agreed
to the necessity of our having more
monoy to pay wages ,aml agreed to
a six-cent fare, if wo immediately
came to a settlement with our men."
In the faco of that public statement, I will leavo it to you, as business men, to judgo what opportunity
(here wns to como to any .settlement
with our mon, except on'tho basis of
-absolutely everything thnt they
asked, with tho result that .although
we sat for two days and a night or
thereabouts ,and wont into" the wholo
of this, thc thing went through. Thc
men just simply stood put.
Mr. Cottrell "replied to this statement by snying:
Mr. Chairman, it was thc company
that stood pat, and even though they
had been given the increased fare,
they spent the two dnys and a night
trying to get the men to take something less thun the wages and conditions for which they bad been
given tho six-cent faro.
Finally, after much importuning
on the part* of the city council, they
promised that tho cars would bo running tho next morning, nnd we met
again and wcro in session about oight
hourB drafting up, not our proposal,
but really negotiating the new
agreement.
And I want, Mr. Chairman, to sub*
mit to you ns an exhibit, tbo figures
which tho company placed before
tho 1013 board as the estimated cost
of the now conditions asked for, and
what thoy really amounted to.
Mr. Cottrell then presented thn
figures given abovo as to tho
cost to the company of the changes
in working conditions granted in
1918. It is expected that the inves
ligation will bo concluded this week,
nnd the award brought down in the
very near future.
DEMOCRATIC I
Grab Session Held at Ottawa ty Our Political
Spendthrifts
The session of the Dominion Parliament which was called together to1
rntify tho Poaco Treaty netted
$2500 per member for about 30 days*
of lounging uround tho lobbies and
recreation rooms. The Liberals
voted to amend it and the Unionists
voted to accept it, and it wasn't
worth the million dollars spent by,
the lawmakers of Canada on salaries in that session anyftow. But
it was all in the name of democracy.
Issues a Challenge to
Debate on the O.B.U.
(Continued from page 1)
noticed that J. W. Wilkinson had
waxed vory eloquent at the Trados
Congress convention, and that if he
was capable of doing that at Congress, and we hnd lost him ns a.
platform man in Vancouvor, that we
might be ablo to restoro him to it,
and it was in Vancouver that he
should vindicate himself,' and if the
press wanted a story, and would
make as much of it as some stato-,
ments he (Pritchard) had mado
some timo ago, tho newspapers could
issue a challengo to J. W. Wilkin-1
son to take the platform to defend
tho A. F. of L. against the new
form of organization, tho 0. B. U.
He stated in closing that this could
be taken up bv any of tho International men. The council then went
into oxecutive session.
Belfast, Ireland.—A striko of the
Irish Transport nnd oOneral Workers union of that port has spread to
Dublin and threatened a genoral tie-
up in both cities, Tbe strikers had
demanded $5 por. dny aud a 44-hour
week, aud their union compromises'
seamen and firemen as well aa dock-
Seattle—Further delay in the shipment of five carloads of rifles destined for Vladivostok ,was occasioned whon tho union longshoremen
failed to roport to load the consignment. A call was issued for nonunion men to load the entiro cargo1
before night ,but there was no response.
Give a little encouragement to our
advertisers.
Do you ever go out of your way ]
to patronize those who patronize usf ,
Buy at a union store.
Patronize Federationist   advertisers.
Whist Drive
and Dance
Under Auspices of
Federated Labor Party
O'Brien Hall
THURSDAY, OCT. 23
Gartlcy's Orchettra
Gentlemen SOe -Ladies 25o
rutronizi; P-jdcrut lontat   odvertis-
ur.  .in,]   lull   tlitna   twill/ v.."  (In ua
Shoes that put
comfort into walking—that
carry style that make them anpeal
IF yon shoe here, you shoe right—and we can tay honestly that we
have the shoe you want—your style, your fit, your width—and at a
price that'll suit your pocket.
WE'RE long on shoes—the largest exclusive stook of men's up-to-date
footwear in 'Western Canada—doing a tremendous shoe business
built by honest merchandise—good style, fit and service at fair prieee.
CARRYING as we do this tremendous stock of.exclusivcly men's footwear, we're able to serve you better and give you just what you
want, backing every shoe wo sell with our store guarantee: "Your
money's worth or your money back"—not merely a slogan to catch you*—
but put into practice—try us.
I
Just in—
* naw line
to sell at
$9 aad f10
A brown calf Goodyear welted boot, made on the new
English recede last—rubber heels—a very smart and
dressy boot—real Dick
value	
The same boot in black, priced at,
per pair..	
$10
$9
WM. DICK LTD.
33-46-47-49  HASTINOS  STREET EAST

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