BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist May 16, 1919

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345238.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345238-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345238-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345238-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345238-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345238-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345238-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

■d-X-K-M-* ****** ****** ******
Worked Against the Reduction of
Hours and Opposed to Labor Legislation*—Will Establish a Blacklist in the
Province for the Benefit of Employers
Cr.e of the noisiest exponents offing caix-.jviJ._W*
(Industrial councils, and of the get-together Movement, iB Mr. N. G.
[Neill of the. Employers Association
I of British Columbia. Not being very
P enthusiastic about tho possibilities
ft of capital and labor getting togothor
[ in view of the antagonistic interests
I of - these two classes, the workers
[have at times beeu taken to taak
[for their attitude. However, they
■? have now sufficient proof of the in-
! sincerity of the very organization
i for which Ur. Neill is the spokes*
{man, to prove conclusively, that
' while the get-together spirit is be-
I ing advocated by the employers,
' they are carrying on a campaign to
[ undermine the labor organizations
, and to defeat the aims of the work-
,- ers.   This proof is a letter signed
by Mr. Neill, which gives an outline
of the activities of tho Employers
Association. The lotter states in the
outset, that it is following a previous letter sent out by the president
of the employers organization, and
then goes on as follows:
Friendly to Labor.
This association does not Intend to
develop any policies or take any
steps antagonistic to the best interests of labor. It is our desire to
create the most cordial relations
with trade unions and mombers of
unions wbo are working in harmony
with the community.
General Demoralization
We all realizo that changes in in-
' dustrial   relationships   are   coming
ahout, and it is certain that variations can be made which would be
in the intorests of both employer
and employee. But this organizntion
has got to see that in the doing of
tbis,   general   demoralization   does
not take place, and that the enemies
of our established forms of government do not accomplish their ends.
This is a big proposition, requir
pee -
^^^^^^^^^     W 'geiier-
rtf1 j .._i.(.ett is now urgent
ly requested.
Million! Exist With Only
« Room Apiece for
London—Terrible statistics^wero
«iven by J. C. Wtiion, }r. P., a for-
taer sanitary - inspector, in Us
speech in the Houso of Commons on
the Housing Bill'reeently. There
were 3,800,000 people in England, he
said, who livo in less than half a
room each; 7,060,000 who havo less
than a room apiece and 23,000,000
who live in tenements of from ono
to five rooms. Over 600,000 more
houses Were required merely to allow for the provision in England of
ono room per head. These conditions
were reflected in the rates of infantile mortality, which, Mr. Davison
reminded thc House, were as high
as 160 per thousand for miners, and
100 to 250 per thousand for unskilled laborors, while for doctors it was
only 40, and for the middlo classes
generally only 77 per thousand.. Not
400,000 new houses were required aB
had been stated by those responsible
for the bill, but a million, If tho
present insanitary houses wore to bo
A Contrast in the Hiring
of Crews on Pacific
Patriotism and love of tho flag is
being taught to all Britishers in
these days. The glories of tho British Empire are extolled on all possible occasions, but by actions and
not words shall men be judged. Last
week a British ship, the El Lobo of
London, England, to bo correct, on
the 4th of the mouth, paid off in tho
city of Vancouver the whito crew,
and signed on a Chineso one in its
place. There boing no demand for
white crows in thia part of the British Empire, whose virtues are so
numerous that every flag-waving
patriot has on everv possiblo occasion to get on his hind legs and ex-
toll them, the whito men discharged
in order that Chinese niight be employed, left for the U. S. A. in order
to secure work. Under the British
shipping laws, any foreigners sailing as the* crew of a British ship,
must paBs a language test. This is
easily overcome by the patriotic
employors who prefer British crews,
by having Chinese shipped from
Hong Kong, whieh is a British possession, and the Chinese coming
from there, are naturally British,
and so avoid the language test.
As a contrast to this action of patriotic British employers, we have
the uction of the owners of the
owners of the Eirini, built at Co-
qiutlam, which is sailing under tho
Greek ting, and which signed on a
crow of union firemen and -oilers.
The British flag may bo all right
to wave, but you can tako your
choice when signing on us a member of a ship ns to which flag will
best, serve you, Blittania Lules the
Waves ho far as shipping is concerned on this coast.
Baton Rogue, La.—The movie picturo operators havo formed a union
nud affiliated with the International
Alliauco of Theatrical Stago Employees.
Industrial Councils
As a practical measure, the association is developing the idea of
"industrial councils" as the logical
machinery by whieh industry can
be governed in the futuro.
One of these councils we have already established in Vancouver, and
aro working one the development
of others in the province.
We will send you shortly full particulars regarding their operation.
Offset Doctrines of Destruction
We will maintain an aggressive
and active work through publicity,
whereby a strong publie opinion may
be developed in favor of sound and
sane methods by all parties in tho
community, and thereby take definite stops to offset the destructive
doctrines being preaehed.
Information ana Statistics
Tho association is being equipped
with complote information and statistics on tho labor question so as
to bc in.a position to furnish expert information in any negotiations
which you may have with your employees.
Wo havo already recorded a lot of
this information from various manufacturing centres from Halifax to
the Pacific coast.
Before proceeding with tho rest of
the document, let us examine the
foregoing, and seo wherein lies the
get-together spirit. Take the passage, undor the head of general de
nioralization. It states that changes
are coming in industrial relation-
ships, and then goes on to say that
the organization has to take steps
to see that those that desire change
do not accomplish their ends. Logical is it not, and so altruistic. Wc
agree it is a big proposition to attompt to prevont changes boing
brought about in tho established
forms of government, and a bigger
job than the Employers Association
is capable of handling. But to. proceed with the document.
We aro in touch with Employers
Associations in the United States
and tho other employors association
ln Canada at Toronto, as well as
having from time to time a knowledge of what is being done in the
Old Country.
We   are   watching   legislation
(Continued on Page 8)
Remarkable Campaign in
United States to Stop
Ono of tho big sights In New
York these days is tho bread lines,
Hungry thousands have to be fed by
the hand of charity in order to get
enough energy into thoir bodies to
tramp the streets in search of work.
Tens of thousands of these who walk
the streets are men and women who
have boen working in the munition
factories during the war, and whose
savings did. not last . them long
enough to tido them over this long
period of business, depression. '
' "Stay in America" Campaign
A remarkable campaign is now
being conducted in several large
eastern cities of the United States.
Littlo celluloid buttons are being
issued to men and women of foreign
birth. Those buttons indicate that
the wearers will stay in America,
(and will not leave the country for
foreign shores, taking all their
money with them). "Paytriotic"
meetings for foreigners are being
held for the same purpose.
In New York and Philadelphia tho
"Soldiors and Sailors Soviets seem
to be going ahead in great shape.
They have a big membership.''
Put a wrapper round this copy
and send it to a friend.
Union Hall
Machinists,  Vancouver Local No. 1
Meots first Saturday in each
month,   and  every   Tucsdoy.
Offlco hour-.,  0 ta 8.30 p.m.
Phone Beymour 3510
Electrical Workers
Local 213
Moot every Monday at 8 p.m.
Telephone Operators
Local 77A
Meet every Thursday, 6 p.m.
Legal   Proceedings   Are
Started Against Company and Papers
Financial Aid Is
Rendered to the Men
on Strike
The challenge of the Copper
Mountain Construction Company and
tho daily press in issuing libellous
advertisements concerning the operations of the B. C, L. U. and the
Princeton strike, has been accepted.
Messrs. Bird, Macdonald & Co. have
been instructed to take legal action
against those responsible for the advertisements.
The financial support of tho
strikers is being continued through
the central organization, tho mombers in camp contributing freely to
the fund and pledging themselves
for all the assistance necessary. The
boys are sticking tight. It's an
eight-hour day with a living wage
or "bust." It is no part of our
business to keep the employing class
sane, but seeing the many evidences
that they are -determined to have a
show-down with that section of tho
working class who see things as
they aro, and not as the uninformed belioves them to be, it might
be woll at thiB time to point out to
them that it is easy to start a stone
rolling down hill, but,a much more
difficult undertaking to stop it
when it has • gathered momentum
and becomo part of an avalancho.
At tho present timo to enforco a 10-
hour day and 40 cents an hour
means the starting of an avalanche
which will in its courso remove
many a historical landmark. However, Nero fiddled whilst Borno
burned, and he was no greater fool,
nor more insane than aro some of
our present day Neroes of industry.
They fiddle with the world afire.
Camps 1, 2, 3, at Headquarters,
Courtenay, have ceased to produce
surplus wealth. The earth and its
natural resources, and the machinery necessary to tur.it thom into commodities useful to society are all
there, but one thing ib lacking,
namely, human labor power. Before
tho strike the application of the
loggers' power to labor turned the
natural resources into actual wealth,
tho surplus above that which had
to be allowed to them as wagei (to
enable thennto continue their existence aa workers) belonged to tht
owners of the machinery and tim.
bier. At soon as tho men quit work
the "capital" (fixed) becamo potential,wealth only, and if the
men's demands are not granted and
human labor power Is not applied to
the machinery, ete., it soon depreciates and naturally becomes Useless. Consequently, society, particularly the working elass soction,
should ask if that part of the sooial .vealth created by labor should
belong to the worker what is tho extent of the capitalist's sharet When
this question is finally settled, we,
the workers, and our benefactors,
(Continued: on page 4)
i   i ■   . ==rjBg3
(VrSSr) $1.50 PER YEAR
Union Men Fired-While
Chinese Work Soldiers
Look for It
Mr. Sorenson and tho management of the White Lunches in tho
city absolutely refuse to negotiate
with the Hotel and Restaurant Employees' Union in so far as allowing
his help to organizo. The White
Lunch management has already
demonstrated this fact by discharging a number of men who had signed up with the union.
Despite the fact that a small
army of Chinese are employed in
the kltehen department of the
White Lunches, the management
will not consider putting in white
help, although thero are at the present time many whito cooks out of
work in tho city who have been
fighting in France.
Garment Workers to Introduce "One Enemy
One Uuion" Idea
New York.—A movement to introduce into tho garment trades an
industrial form of organization
similar to tho "shop steward" system in England, is well under way
in Now York City. It is distinctly
a rank and file movement and is
boing pushed with enthusiasm by
the workers, who havo long desired
a more democratic form of unionism than was afforded to them by
the old-fashioned trude union machinery.
The basis of the new form of organization is the shop unit.. All the
workers in any establishment, whatever their trade or craft—including
the clerical and engineering forces,
and oven thc office boy and elevator man—como together in shop
committeo, and take up all questions concerning conditions in their
establishment. Tho shop committees in turn function as dolegates
to a central Workers' Council'of
tho ontire industry. "One enomy,
one union," is the central idea.
Government Official Has
Particular Liking for
Ten shipwrights were told by
government   official   last   Monday
that their services were not needed
because the work which they wero
•doing eould be dono by Chinamen,
Tho men wero working on the
boats at thc B. C. Marine Com
pony's plant, and after fixing up
some partitions were ordered to
wiro up some broken cases of preserves that were going to Vladivostok. While they wore doing this
an official of the Naval Transfer
Stores Department came along and
ordered them to stop, at tho same
timo stating that he had Chinamen
to do that kind of work.
A Big Crowd Is Expected
- to Be on Hand at the
The Socialist Party of Canada feci
assured that a big reception will be
accorded to Comrado Joe Knight on
Sunday evening, when he will make
his much delayed visit to this city.
To'thoHo who have lived in Al-
berfa, ho will need no introduction,
for he has been a propagandist for
theS. P. of C. in that Province for
a considerable number of years, and
his popularity is well known. The
working class of Vancouver will
havethe opportunity of hearing him
on Sunday evening, if they are on
time for it goes without saying that
the. house will be filled early. The
usual questions and discussion will
be in order after the lecture. Doors
open at 7:30. Chair at 8 p.m. Come
early and don't be disappointed.
General teamsters, Chauffeurs and
The first meeting together was
held this weok, and resulted in a
house full sign going up, The results obtained during the last week
or so in reorganizing the warehouses
were shown in close on 100 new applications being received for membership. A committee was appointed to arrange for "a monster picnic,
to be held in tho near future. Further announcement later, ' Members
of the Warehousemen should note
that they can obtaii* their new
books on application to the office,
and all members are urged to pay
thoir dues as far as possible, in the
offlce, aiid thus save a lot of time at
the meetings.
Court Orders Irregularities Oared
and Subject Hatter
In tho injunction action in the
Supremo Court between P. B. Bengough, on behalf of the.International Association of Machinists, and
certain officers of Lodge No. 777,'
I. A. M., application was made by
the defendant to set aside tho injunction on the ground of irregularities in the proceedings. The
court did not go so far as to dissolve the. injunction, but ordered
that the irregularities be cured and
in particular set aside a previous
order and mado tho clause compelling the payment into court of tho
fund, the subject matter, of the
action. There wero no costs of the
application to either plaintiff or defendant, similarly in the case of
Hunt against Collnrd, treasurer of
the Painters' Union, thc court ordering the curing of certain irregularities with costs to be paid by tho
plaintiff to the defendant.
Government   of   Toilers
Passes Working Class
North Dakota has passed a home-
building law that is a model of workers' legislation. In tho first place
speculation in land was attacked in
new revenue laws taxing land heavily], if not kept in ubc. Much of
thin land goes to tho state os the
owners can't afford to pay taxes
ant| let the. land lie idle.
.Tender its homo building law, the
state may buy largo tracts of idle
land and $2,000,000 has been appropriated to start operations. Then,
if-ji citizen wants a farm, ho has
only to raise twenty per cent, of the
prico. Thc state buys the land de*
siryd by the citizen and gives him
twenty years in which to pay the [
otljtor 80 per cent, without exorbitant rates of intorest or premiums,,
and without tho hazards of a private
mortgage transaction.
The same applies to workers in the
cities. They may buy homes on the
snn.e plan. In cither case, tho state
wlii erect buildings* if desired, on
tKe same basis, tho purchaser paying one-fifth down and the remainder in twenty years.
Speculators and their profits are
[•fans to bo eliminated,
'■&  -*	
' V^,    Metal orksn Unite
Jackson, Mich.W—A union of thc
Amalgamated Sheet Metalworkers
International Alliance has beon
formed, starting with a. large mem-
bojrflhip, aU present signing. the
cterter application..  i;i..^-'-
Delegation Insists on the
Strikers Getting
******        ******        ******
Committee Reports on Recent Laundry
Accident—Increase in Mounted Police
Force Discussed—Many Locals Are iii,
Favor of One Big  Union Proposal
Refuse to Take Places of
Strikers at Copper
Roturned soldiers gavo a jolt to
the management of the Copper
Mountain Construction Compnny
last Monday when a delegation of
returned aoldiers, after investigating the conditions whieh compelled
members of the B. C. Loggers1
Union to call a striko there, inform-
the management that when tho
demands, of 50 cents por hour for an
eight-hour day were granted and all
tho union men had beon put bnck to
work with apologies from the management for calling them I.W.W. 's,
that the committee would be wilting to recommend tho job to returned soldiers if the company needed any more men. Thus we note
that the returned soldiers are not
going to be flim-flammed into pulling
chestnuts out of the Sre for labor
Painters and Decoraton Strike
The Painters, Decorators and
Paperhangers' Union had a record
turnout at its meeting in the Labor
Templo on Thjmday, May 8. The
main business of the meeting was
in connection with the strike. The
Arms of Bishop & Oaskell, C. J.
Cummins, W. McEwen, Robson
Decorating Company, and A. V.
Lewis have locked out their employees because of the demand of
an increase of SO cents per day in
wagoB, to tako effect May 1 last.
The union assessed itself |2 per
week to buy oats for those locked
out. A committee has charge of the
collection and distribution of the
funds. New members are being enrolled at each meeting, returned soldiers being admitted for half thc
regular initiation fee. Members of
organized labor wishing to have
work in this union's lino done can
get union labor by phoning up tho
local union offico.
Milk Driven and Dairy Employe*
Oreat progress is boing made with
this industrial union, last meeting
some 15 new members joining up
and the death knell of the industrial
council propagated by the bosses is
now a forogone conclusion, the
splendid support being givon by the
readers of the Fed is bearing fruit,
insist on your milk coming from a
Union man, we hope shortly to bo
ablo to announce another dairy as
100 per cent organized, in the meantime remember the Hillcrest Dairy
employs nothing but Union help.
Co-ops. Make Otim
Seattle—In the last quarter, the
Seattle Consumers Co-operative' As*
j social ion .did t  good buelness  of
Seattle General Strike Brings Out over (29,000, paid all expenses and
Last night's meeting of the Van-*cd on the result of the vote of tht
couver Trades and   Labor   Council I '
was marked by many bright pass-[
ages of jrcpartco and humorous re
marks, President Winch possibly
giving utterance to the remark that
raised the moat laughter when,
after Del. Anderson had reported
fer the Butchers, Del. Campbell of
the Carpenters stated that some of
tho butchers were doing carpentry
work, to which Del. Anderson replied that some of the butchers carried two cards. This was not caught
by Del. Campbell, and President
Winch, to enlighten the delegate,
stated that.Del. Anderson had said
tbat some of the carpenters were
butchers. The application of the
term butcher to the Carpenters at
once struck the delegates, and they
roared, and the jdke was oa the
Winnipeg Strike
The council, to show its sympathy
with the strikers in Winnipeg, sent
the following wire to the central
body in the Prairie Capital:
"Organized labor in Vancouver
pleased at cohesion demonstrated
by workers of Winnipeg. Augurs
well for future. Note threat contained in Free Press. Mosaie law
just as effective now as when formulated."
Beport on Laundry Accident
Del, Alexander "in reporting for
thc committee appointed to investigate into tho laundry accident,
gave a very lengthy report, the substance of which was, that whilo
the engineor was to blame, the fact
that men had been dismissed from
their employment for having reportod unsafe machinery in the past had
an effect on tho men operating, and
made them take risks that they
would not do if tho fear of being
discharged was not hanging over
their heads. The committee reported that this engineor had had
his license cancelled, pending investigation by the government department. Ho also reported that the
machine should have boon put un*
dor a hydrostatic test, which had
not been done*>and that the committee had examined the cylinder
head, and considered that immediate inspection should be made' of
similar machinery, .to prevent further accidents, and should any defects be found, that instead of castings being used for the cylinder
heads, that they ahould be replaced
by boiler plate. The report of the
committoe was adopted.
Many of tho local unions report*
0. B. U. and the six-hour day questions, the Boilermakers, Machinist*
Local No. 1, Shipyard Laborers, 617
U. B. Carpenters, the A. S.. Carpenters, the Millmen and Loggers, all
having majorities in favor of both
proposals, the Loggers and Boiler-
makers having the largest majorities. The Auto Mechanics reported
that they were net going to apply
for a charter from the International.    .
The Painters' Union notlfled th*
couneil of the lockout tbat was now
in existence, and asked for tk*
moral aupport of organlied labor.
The teamsters reported ttat thttr
were now going out to organiie th*
women workera in the warehouses,
etc., and the Hotel and Bestaurant
Employoes stated that their efforts
to organiie the White Lunches had
failed, and that they were now on
tht unfair list. Tht Butchers rt*
ported that they were to have Saturday early closing in tht near
A communication wu received
from Loeal IM of the International
Machinists, withdrawing from the
couneil for the reason tkat the
council had amended tht constitution which tho letter claimed wa*
aimed at one individual, a member
of that loeal. Del. Smith, the mover of tho amendment, denied that
it was aimed at any individual, bat
at all individuals that it covered.
The Jewelry Workera notified th*
council that unless this amendment
was discarded that they would withdraw from tbe council. Both of th*
commmuuications were received and
Secretary Midgley was granted
leave of absence for three week*
to deal with business of the central committee, and J. Kavanagh
(Continued on page 8)
IE 10 DO
g    Importance of Teamsters'
The participation of the Teamsters' Union in the recent Seattlo
general strike is remarkable because of the great prossurc under
which they worked. It is stated
that 800 culls -nunc into their offices
during thc strike, from members of
their own and other unions, complaining that fuel hail given out
and that they could not get any
.ihjpat on account of thc strike. Many
people realized for the firBt time
how thin union, which handles the
transportation of freight iii a modern eity, iB at the basis of all the
city's activities. The story of thc
*'iig strike can be    obtained    from
ttrt   Showier,   aeeretary    of    the
Tenmsters' Union, price 10 cents.
How much do you want a dailyf
Whore do you purchase yolir goods)
♦ ♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦
declared nn 8 per eent." dividend,
"And wc have plenty of cash on
hand," declare the enthusiastic coops.
Start Series of Sunday
Afternoon Meetings
in City
The Ex-Soldiers and Sailors'
Council of Cuuadu, Local No. 1, has
decided to start propaganda meetings in tho city of Vancouver, starting Sundav afternoon. Tho first
meeting will be held in the National Theatre,. on Hastings Street,
Sunday afternoon, commencing at
il.'M). The speakers on this occusion
ivlll be Chas. Lestor and Jack Kavanagh. All ex-soldiers and sailors
uie cordially invited. The platform
will be thrown open for questions
and discussion and any person disagreeing with the aims and objects
of the ox-Soldiors and Sailors'
Council will bc given a hearing on
the platform. Doors will be open
at 2 p.m.
  t ■'■ ' -■    ' — -
Prairie Metropolis Tied Up Tight and
Working Class Displays a Solidarity
Never Before Witnessed—Water Will
Be Supplied for Domestic Purposes Only
At. 11 o'clock on Thursday niorn-ffore in the history of tho Winnipeg
ing, 2ti,000 Winnipeg trades union
ists quit work and the greatest
Btrike in thc history of tho Prairie
Capital commenced. Some 60 local
unions are participating in the
strike, and with the exception of
thc typographical uuion, every organization that was called upon to
cense work did so without a hitch.
Everything was carried out in an
orderly manner. Tho policemen wore
not called out, although they havo
voted in favor of striking with the
reBt of the workers. Tho firemen
struck along with thc industrial:
workers, and the postal workers1
went home after the early rounds
with the mails. Tho general strike'
has been called owing to the fact
that no settlement has been reached
in ihe building and metal trudes
disputes, the employers taking a
stand againBt dealing with tho leaders, or officers of the unions. This
policy, adopted by tho employers,
show's how sincere thc talk of crcut->
ing greater harmony between capital and labor, which has heen ho
much indulged in by .representatives
of tho employers, is, and proves
that when the interests of the employing class is threatened, that
there is a class consciousness displayed that would ho well followed
by the workers. In this strike, thero
is a greater unanlmily displayed
amongst tho workers titan ever be
labor movement. The Btreet railway
Bion, the bukcrs, hotel and restaurant employees, caretakers, elevator
operators, the theatrical workers,
(moving picture operators, and work-
'ers in every industry, aro on strike,
hnd Winnipeg is tied up as it never
Was beforc.
\ A statement issued by thc com-
inittee in charge of the strike on
■Wednesday evening, says that while
)thc policemen havo voted in fnvor
*of the strike, that they havo instructed thc policemon to continue
'work, thus proving that the only desire of thc workers is to preserve
'law and order. , Arrangements have
■also been made for the supply of
water for domestic purposes, and
for the remaining at work of hospital attendants, etc. It is expected
that the telephono workers will
cease work this morning, if no settlement is arrived at.
Willi such u settlement of soli-
darity as displayed by the workers
ol! Winnipeg, there can he no doubt
as lo the final results of the strike.
Workers all over Canada will be
watching -development k, and are
prepared to uct in whatever wuy
may bc necessary to assist the menthol's ef the working class in the
Peg, in lln* event of any attempt
to Intimidate, or break the strike by
force, or the usual ruling class
Winnipeg  Labor  Ready
and   Anxious   for
Five thousand Winnipeg workers
listened to three effective addresses
un thc One Big Union Sunday week.
The speakers were Tom Cassldy of
Montreal, it. B. Russell of Winnipeg, and Adam Hav, former president of thc Winnipeg G.W.V.A. The
meet ing was u complete success in
every way and thc speakers were
cheered to the echo at tho many
brilliant and effective shots of the
O. B. U. hackers. Tom Cassidy
especially excelled himself in his
denunciation of the crawfish actions
of labor agninst the brutal and
cunning activities of thc profit-
hungry plutocrats who rule thc destinies of the working class.
There \s every Indication that
Winnipeg labor is almost solidly in
favor of taking the new step to
stop thc encroachments of the capitalist class and to provide a weapon
nnd thc organization for the Inking
|»ovcr of the now privately-owned
machinery of wenlth production.
Big  Majority  of  Local
Unions Vote for
New Move
At a mooting of the general executive committee of tho One Big
Union, held Thursday uflcmoun in
the Labor Temple, a decision was
reached to hold u convention in
Cnlgary on June 4 to perfect plans
for the launching of the One Big
Union, This decision wns ndopted
as the result of tho tabulation of
the O. B. U, vote, which shows nil
overwhelming majority in favor of
(lie proposnl. There are still a num-
her of unions to he hoard from, hut
these will in no way iiffect the li nn 1
result of the vote. A cull for delegates to the convention wll! bo
ishiii.il immediately to all central
and-district councils.
Company Fails io Come
Across With What It
Employeos of the Powell Biver
Papor Company went on strike
Wednesday morning in order to.
compel tho company to live up to
its promises. Ever since the strike
of tho Pulp, Papor nnd Sulphide
WorkerB* Union last year the company has been slipping hack on its
promises. Committee after committee has interviewed the company regarding increased wages, back pay
and a closed shop that had boon
promised by the company. Excuse
after excuue was offered by tho company,' until at Inst the men tired and
a general walkout took place, completely tieing up thc work of the
company. A great number of returnod soldiers belong to the union
and are solid for tho strike, Thc
company sent to thc Khaki Labor
Union for help, but tho demands of
the strikers nre so just that thc
officials have informed thc compnny
that thcir union will not supply
Secure an Agreement
Muskogee, Okla. — Tho Brotherhood of Railway Clerks have secured
agreements with the M., K, & T.,
and _*.]., 0. k O., and tho Wichita
Kails and Northwestern railway.
SUNDAY, May 18 — Soft
Drink Dispensers. Dominion
Express Employees.
MONDAY, May 111—Boiler?
makers, Steam aud Operating Engineers, Policemen,
Mnehinists No. 720, Metal
Trades Conncil Committeo,
American Can Employees'
dunce, Tailors' Executivo,
Janitors and Elevator Attendants.
TUESDAY, May '_!0—Press-
men, Ons Workers, Brewery Worker's, Hulchers and
Meat Cutters,
Bookbinders, Boilermakers'
Examining Board, Metal
Trndes Council.
TIIUH8DAY, May 22—Trades
and Labor Council, Locomotive Firemen and Ertgiho-
men, Caulkers, Sheet Metal
Workers, Machinists No.
.132, Paint oik, Shipwrights
und Joiners,
FRIDAY, May 23—Goopfirs,
Piledrivers nud Wooden
Bridgemen, Plumbers, .lei\-
elry Wurkers, Boilermakers'
Executive, Shipyard Laborors, Millmeu.
Workers Facing a CrUa
and Only One
Industry is slowing *dow». Unemployment is increasing. Tens of
thoussnds of soldiers ue being demobilised cacK montk. There -tea
less jobs to bo had inside the (stand there is a longer lino outside
waiting tn jobs.
\ Your wages are good; yonr union
is strong; bnt some day, when you
get your envelope, you will be told
—"no work fer vou after thla
What will ,ou do thenf"
High wages will not help' you.
Tho union will be Impotent.
You will be out of a job and yoa
will stay put of a job, until you eaa
flnd another boss willing to hire yon*.
The machine, on which you work,
will stand there idle; yonr landlord
will demand thc rent; your children
will usk for bread,and you will havo
none to give.
You will understand, on that bitter day, that you will nover bo a freo
man until you own tho machine be- ,
side which yhu work nnd the product that you create. Workera, you
mako the world. It is yours. Take
it and be free.—Scott Nearing.
Next Sunday's Subject to
Be "The Morals of the
Ruling Class"
Lust Sunday's speaker upon hearing this subject announced professed considerable amusement ud
wondered what the doctor would
find to talk about, as he wss nol
awaro that mi-.1i a thing existed.
Howovor thnt may be, it is certain
thut Dr. Curry wilt find enough material to "point out a moral aad
adorn u tale.'' Meeting will begin
as usual with recital by Mr, Julian
Haywood at  7:30.
Mr. J. 8. Woodsworth left on
Thursday night for Prince Rupert
where ho speaks twice on Sunday.
He will then continue eastward to
Edmonton und acrou the prairie to
Winnipeg, speaking at Biggar, Bat-
tleford, Prince Albort, Saskatoon,
Yorkton, Rivers, Brandon, Minne-
dusn nnd one or two other plaees.
He will visit severnl furthor eastern
points before returning, when It ia
Imped to route him through the
southern part of tho province en
his way back to tho Omt.
E. T. Kingsley will shortly leave
for u tour of Southern Britiih Columbia and sevoral Alberta points
a No taking in the northern cities
before returning.
. Tho "Young Comrades," as tho
elder soction of the members of thu
Labor School have termed themselves, nre arranging a picnic for
the 84th at Malum Park, North
Vancouver. They expect to havo
the assistance of the older members
in making tho holiday rank ns n
preliminary to the Dominion Day
gathering." They are also furnishing
a club room in which n stock of
alliletic apparatus in aeo cumulating.
Edmonds branch is holding a
meeting nt the Moretiui Hall on Fri-
iluv, Kith, at which the spoakor will
be'Mr. Thos. Hiclinrdf-oii- Labor «■
M. P. for Whitehaven, Eug, PAGESW
a-M.     ■•r..-I*
Men's High Grade
Suits at $25.00
A clear saving of Ten Dollars—and your
choice of the finest and best assorted stock of
Men's Clothes in Vancouver.
Arnold & Quigley
"The Storo That's Always Busy"
Dr. H. E. Hall
Owsatte Heidaa Bleak
fast last et B. 0. Hague hut
flsas lei. MM
ul. Non-alcoholic wlnea of ill
American Paper Pleads
the Case of the
Ham, Bacon, Butter and Eggs Are Cheapest
and Best
Canada r.oJ Beard Ilc.ni. No. 1*2.77*1
Slater*. Beit Tes,  lb	
Nabob Best Tea, lb	
Fry's Cocoa, i for 	
Gold Medal Peaohes, tin .
Fineat Peas, tin 	
fineat  Tomatoes,   tin 	
Finest  Pompkin,  tin .......
Vinegar,   bottle  	
Vinegar,  gallon	
Jellies,  all  kinds  ...............100
Holbrook's Custard  „...16c
Nabob Custard. 2 for .  250
Cream of Wheal  ._ ...25c
Corn Flakes. 2 for 250
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sacks  40c
Cornstarch, 2 for   26c
Laundrjr  Starch,   2  for  25c
Baking Powdor, 12-os. tin for. 15c
Baking Powder, 8-oi. tin for. 10c
Seeded Raisins, 2 for — ...... 25c
FinesfCanadian Cheese, lb. ...
Finest Beet Dripping, lb	
Finest Pare Lard, 2 lbs. for .
J6H. _TO6 Uftb J. E0IA1
Reg.   SSo   lb.     Saturday   only,   2
lbs. for   05c
Limit 4 lbs.
12 noon.
From 8 a.m. to
Finest Cooked Tongue,
Finest Heat Loaf,  Ib. .
Do   yon   know   w.   ar.   Belling
Sliced Streaky Bacon,  lb 60c
Wholesale price today la 52c lb.
Fineat  Tomato   Ketchup,   bottle....26c
Finest Mixed Pickles, bottle  260
Fineat Back Bacon, amoked, reg.
55c lb., Saturday only, whole or
halt.  Ib. .....dav.c
Don't  forget  we   deliver your
orders, large or amall, fnt to all
parte of city and anburba.
Alberta Fresh Eggs, dosen SOe
No. 1 Alberta Fresh Eggs, doi....S6c
■. C. Fresh Egga, dosen .....too
Alberts Creamery Butter, lb «5c
Fiaeat Brisket Bacon, lb 40 tic
Fineat Bon.lets Boll,' lb. 3»'/io
No. 1 Streaky Bacon, piece, lb. 47'/,s
Slater's  Best 8treaky Bacon,  pine,
_, Per lb uyi0
Finest Salt Pork for beana, lb 40c
Ayahlr. Bacon, sliced, lb .55c
Ayahlre Bacon, piece, lb 49'/kc
Reg. 550 lb., Saturday only, per
lb.    46V4c
Middle Cuts, nor lb dltic
•JO Ora»'
Street Bast...
it,~>>aae'ift-"iM aaeouiiia' St..'.'. Jhon.
.none Say. SMI
ratt. MIS
Many a Man thinks he is wearing a
ftnti-miity &trit
when he isn't
The Seal of Certainty
is sewn in the pocket
—the label and the
price clearly stated.
Semi-ready Tailored
Suits are designed in
good style and tailored with precise silk
stitched and perfect
inside tailoring.
Suits at $25 and $30
are as well tailored as
those at $35 to $50.
Pealing with tho situation of thc
Hindoo and hia aims towards freedom, the Butto Bulletin has tho following to say:
Whon an orator of tho' spread-
eagle type wishes to make a particularly telling point, he always refers to the United States as the
haven of the oppressed of other nations.
He arouses his audience to a
white heat of onthusiasm by speaking of political offenders from mon-
archial nations, who find a refuge
in America.
Irishmen fleeing from English oppression, Russians fleeing from the
tyranny of tho czar, Germans forced
to leave tho Fatherland in 1848, all
were welcomed, cries the orator and
the audience applauds.
We fimr that these stirring scenes
must pass away; America is no longer a protector of those who are
forced to exile themselves from their
native land, because thoy pretexted
against persecution; mors particularly if they fled from some of Bri.
tain's far-flung possessions.
In India, the Hindoos} have a
strong national movement; they desiro their independence ns Irishmen
desire theirs.
Yet, there arc Hindoos in the
United States who are to be deported to meet thc fato that England
meted out to their brothers in ths
movement for Hindoo independence
-the firing squad.
The Oakland World has the following to say in connection with
this proposed deportation of politi-1
eai offenders, a policy that disgraces
the very name of freedom:
India, on her knees, pleading for
mercy finds nothing but contempt
and dungeons for her rebel sons and
Walt Whitman, America's greatest singer said of America: "I am
the friend of every dauntless rebel." So, how can we "proudly
boast of our heaven of refuge,"
when the following can happen to
those who camo to us for protection
and help?
This list of names is those of Indians who roturned to India and
were executed on their return after
a trial by a commission of three', appointed ny the English government:
The men who were -executed after
their return from the United States:
Only crimo, membership in Pacific-
Hindoostan Association, treason;
Ourdit Singh, Balwant Singh, Knr-
tar Singh, Dhiau Singh, Kanshi
Bam, Rnlimnt AH Khan, Lai Singh,
Knkhahish Singh, Jeun Singh, Jagat
Singh, Sajan Singh, Isar Singh, Mi-
han Singh, Kala Singh, Atma Singh,
Buta Singh, Bnnta Singh, Chanan
Singh, Buishnu Ganesh Pingle, Kan-
ga Singh, Bir Singh, Uttom Singh,
Bur Singh and Narain Singh,
And also this list, who are now in
the terrible prisons and prison
camps of India for life:
Bhai Parmanand, Bam Snran, Bala
Singh, Surain Singh, Wasawa Singh,
Parma Nand, Kala Singh, Udhaml
Singh, In dar Singh, Gurdit Singh,
Chuhr Singh, Jeun Singh, Kala
Singh, Kharak Singh, Inder Singh,
Shib Singh, Kirpal Singh, Chattar
Singh, Hnrnam Singh, Surain Singh,
Jagat Singh, Kakhshish Singh, Nid
k-~   Singh,    Surain    Singh,   Sher
****** ****** ****** ******
[By John l» H«ti__.] j
Ths growth of the One .fig- Union
movement in British Columbia-gives
to tho writer a peculiar pleasure. As
his mind goes back to the former
days in the Labor movement in the
Province, he is much encouraged at
the steps that are boing taken. It
kind of makes him wish be was back
again in British Columbia to participate in the movement.       .',
As one who has had an opportunity to study the A. F. of L. as it
operates on both sides of the line,
what ho might say ought to be timely on the subject of the 0. B. U.
The A. F. of L. regardless of its
past   history   in   Labor's   skirmish
against capital, ia in a position of
absolute usclessness and inability to
function as a potential Labor movemont.   Its form of organization and
the methods employed are such as
not to warrant tho confidence of the
workers.  The workert aro beginning
to realize that if the A. F. of L. was
at any time useful, it has at the
present time outlived its usefulness,
and is more of an obstacle than a
holp in their aims at social betterment.   To all intents and purposes,
the money exacted by Its officers as
per capita tax, is as so much money
obtained under false pretences. The
American workers have turned over
to the exchequers of that organization millions of dollars for the purpose of providing themselves with
the sinews of war in economle strife,
but the facts show that they receive
less economic bonefit than the expenditures warrant.   It has heen revealed more than once that the A.
F; of L. is more zealous in exacting
per capita tax than they are in paying strike  benefits.     The  charters
and the conditions undor which they
are issued are so devised as to rctnrd
the progressive  movements of  the
workers.   They will issue a body of
workers a charter to organize, conditional on tho workors organizing tho
wny they loy down for them. Should
the members of a local show any
tendency to wander from tho beaten
track and branch out on more progressive lines of organizntion, they
stand to have their charters revoked.    A recent incident in Seattle
will   serve   to  show  what  international officers will do in that respect.
Ono of the officials of the Engineers
locul in that city advocated a plan
for the amalgamation of the metal I
trades into one organization similar
to that of the miners. As that would
seriously affect the meal tickets, of
the One Big Union of international
officers, he was severely taken to
taak for it.    As a punishmont for
daring to think for himself,''he hns
had his card taken away from him.
His local has protested such unwarranted aetion, and because his brother members also had the temerity
to think for themselves, the local is
threatened with having its charter
revoked.   In other words, atf entt-re
local is to be changed from union io
non-union men, and another local of
'concern for the leader enslaved
worker, and will in fact hold out to
the dissatisfied worker anything that
will keep htm quiet and from liberating himself from those who prevent
him from using his economic power.
All yon have to do to excite the
righteous indignation of the average
A. F. of L. pie-card artist, is to talk
about the workers using their economic power. You can talk to them
about the establishment of an arbitration board, where they have a
chance to present themselves to the
boss as a responsible leader, and
thoy are with you ,and you are in
line to become a leader yourself.
But should you suggest that the
workors settle their difficulties by
the use of their economic power, and
without the aid of a pie-card artist,
you are soon informed that you are
an "irresponsible agitator," or a
"Bolshevik," or somothing of that
order. Thoy will fill the workers
full of wind about the "right to organize," but should they organize
without receiving a document from
tho A. F. of h., or giving thom the
privilege to do so, that institution
will speedily aee to it tbat a dual
organization is formed to frustrate
its economic power.    The jurisdic-
Engineers established in its place.
It is one of the many examples of
the A. F. of L. policy of displacing
union men by other union men.' Tho
only thing that distinguishes ■' that
kind of union man from a scab it his
union card, and the A. F. of (L. is
full of such so-called union men. n
It will be said, of course, that the
A. F. of L. represents this condition
of affairs, because the rank and file
elect corrupt officials. That is a
half-truth announced by so-called
leaders  who  have  either  a  meal
Singh, Kohr' Sing^ Dird7stogh,1ui I *!«{"* *9 conserve or teve.one in
auZu  u - BaL_i.    »____? L     Isiirht.    The rank and file have as. .--.--.-
power in determining tho pol-  international trade unionism.
Shoe the Children
at Goodwin's
Many parents liavo found It extremely profitable to turn the
shoeing of the younger feet over to
our experienced shoo service. Our
Nature-shaped shoes aro designed
to guido tho growing feet along correct nnd natural Hues.
Tke splendid range we carry is a factor that makes your choosing
loey. A correct size and a just right width for everybody—tho
l»by included.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Singh,' Hornam Singh, Jagat Bam, J 'J £
Khushhak Singh, Pirthi Singh, Nand'
Singh, Bhan Singh* Chuhr Singh,
Ourkul Singh, Bishan Singh, Madan
Singh, Indar Singh, Garanthi, Jaw-
ala Singh, Mangnl Singh, Piara
Singh, Bun Singh, Sher Singh, Basa-
kha Singh, Kishan Das, Baja Singh,
Jamana Das and Hari Singh. Bhag-
wan Singh term ends July 29; Salt-
bokh Singh term ends Oct. 2, 1919;
Tarknath Das term ends Nov. 2,
Commission of three appointed by
English government.
Trial conducted at Lahore Punjaj,
Why should America murder this
Hindoo accessory before the fact!
Deportation will' follow.
They wero tried and condemned
at Lahore Punjay, India., No jury
of Hindoos passed on their guilt or
innocence. It was -execution and
prison by British commission.
And now, another is to be do-
Qopal Singh Sohi was tried and
convictod and sentenced for one
year and a day for carrying on propaganda work for the liberation of
India, which Ib said to be against
the neutrality laws of this country.
He acknowledged that he did aid in
this propaganda, and that he belonged to the association that was organized for that purposo.
Ho has served his torm, and now,
after a brief hearing, he is ordered
deported, and that means death or
imprisonment on bis return to "the
country from which he came."
Why send theso back to be killed?'
Why not do thnt ourselves if he be
so bnd a man that he is dangerous
to human society!
Did wc deport Mrs. Skeffington,
«ro we deporting tho Irish president,
who \s now in this country urging
nil Irishmen to back up the new
Irish Bepublic! Are we deporting
the retainers of the Czar, who are
plotting evory moment for the overthrow of the Soviot government of
Bussia and tho re-establishment of
tho old order there!
Don't think that I am advocating
the deportation of any of these. I
am for Ireland. I am for the Soviet. I would not have friend or foe
deported, but in comparison, why
the discrimination! If the law is
winked at for one or two groupB,
then whv tho strict letter of it for
the Hindoo!
It is answered, perhaps, in onc
word: Power, The Irish havo a balance of voting and industrial power
in America. The cause of India
looks as just to us as the oause of
Ireland, and we think that the cause
of the Bussian Czar propagandists
Is absolutely without any aenoo of
justice whatover. Again we say,
whv the discrimination!
And the brothor Hindoo mentioned above is not the only one
tlated for deportation Three more
ure to go if "the law" is carried
out, for wo are not disputing that it
is "the law."
Bhagtran Sing's torm ends at Mc
Neil's Island   the itltth   ot   July.
1919; Snnthokh Singh, Oetober 2
""•j and Tarknath Das, November,
1919,   They were nlso con vide J
propaganda" in this country
icy of that institution as they have
in designiug the course of the earth
around the sun. Any ono who has
attended any of its conventions, and
tried to put anything over Oompers
and his machine of international officers, knows just how far the rank
and file figure at such assemblies.
We are occasionally confronted with
various plans tn rnforin the A, F. of
L. Such schemes are, for the most
part, devised by cunning meal
ticket artists, who see a chance to
dislocate one party holding a pie*
card, and to have it embraced by
themselves. They approach us with
great professions of sincerity and
and for sending it to their own
The only question that arises is;
Shohld these men be sent to India
to be shot or to lie in prison for life
for propaganda! For liberty propaganda!
William Jennings Brvan and La-
Follette put out the same kind of
propaganda in behalf of India thnt
these men put out. In fact, part of
their propaganda was what they
wroto and circulated.       _
Such men ns Frank Walsh, Paul
U. Kellogg and others of equal note
are now pleading for these men to
be saved from the English firing
Wo have no brio*, except the
brief of humanity, for those Hindoos. We hnve the right of an
Americnn ritizen to appeal to you
who love justice, and who do /not
want the blood of innocent mon on
your hnnds to save thoso men from
Murder is murder, and America
must not be a partner in the crimes
of other nntions against tho nun
Uid women who battle for liberty.
Let ub make good onr poet's boast
that America "is the friend ot
overy dauntless rebel." '
tional disputes that have arisen out
of the multiplicity of dual organizations in the A, F. of L., as many of
tho workers know, have long been a
standing joke, and will be tho order
su long as the workers donate to its
That inflation of theirs about the
workers having tho "right to
strike" is alao ludicrous. They will
tell them about alienable rights to
work and not to work. They endeavor to extol themselves in the
opinion of the simple-minded type
of workers by telling them that they
are not bought and sold like cattle.
Saniuol Oompers tells them and
many of his disciples stick out their
chests at the very thought of it,
that "labor is not a commodity."
And having impressed them with
that notion, he thereupon urges
them to got together for "collective
bargaining." What the "collective
bargaining" is to doal with ,if Labor is not a commodity, is a question
the less unsophisticated slave might
reasonably ask himself.
Begardlcss of what Samuel and
his disciples might say, one thing is
evident, namely, if the strike is not
bought and aold as a commodity,
what he packs, around in his hide, *
assuredly is. Regardless of what
the so-called loaders say about the
right to strike, it is becoming painfully evident to the average mem-
ber'of the A. F. of L. unions, thnt
that right is becoming more and
more restrained. I nany case, the
machinery in connection witty the A.
F. of L. strike is so intricate that it
is well nigh impossible to have a
successful strike. Nearly every
striko that ever did accomplish anything for the workers, did so not
because of the A. F. of L., but in
spite of it. In fact, there have been
many cases where the members have
disregarded the parent' body and
have won more than if they had
trusted thoir fate to 8 an imp Oompers and his crowd.
In conclusion, the course of tho
Canadian working class is clear. To
reform the A. F. of L. is out of the
question. The workers must organize along entiroly different lines.
The idea of forming a purely Canadian union bocauso it is Canadian,
must be repudiated. The function
the workor dally performs is not
national, but industrial. National
trade unionism is obsolete, so is also
world's work, while it is international in scope, it is fundamentally
Industrial and performed by an in-
ternationnl industrial class. And as
the complex industry of today is the
natural evolution of the simple trado
or craft of yesterday, so national or
international trade unionism has no
rightful place today in the affairs
of the world's working olass. An
orgnnization to function as an international working class movement,
must bo an International Industrial
Organization. Long live the One
Big Union.
A. S. Wells Deals With thc
Question of the
The 0. B. U. proposition was
again in the limelight at the Columbia on Sunday evening, when it was
favorably commended by Comrade
A. S. Wells as being in line with the
tendencies of the time. It came
from the rank and file as a necessary outcome of recent industrial
development, and was therefore
bound to succeed. Those opposiug
it would have to step aBide and let
the working-class movement go forward. Opposition cume naturally
from the employing claas; but thore
were alao some in tho trade union
movement  who opposed' it because
 .May  10, IDlfl
Effort of Organzed Workers Forces
Hand of Oovernment ln Matter
of Suppressed Paper
The Dominion Government has
given permission to the publishers
of Vapaus (Liberty), a Finnish
working-class paper, to resume tho
publication of same, It was suppressed six months ago by ono of
tho famous "orders-in-council" for
alleged violation of the osplonngo
act. The first issue of the paper is
already out and it will be continued
to bo published overy Tuesday und
Friday from Sudbury, Ont. The editor wishes to. thank tho Canadian
organized workers on behalf of tho
Fiunish workers for the help that
was givon in helping to force tho
hand of the government in granting
the publishers permission to rcsumo
-Secure 48-Hour Week
Pontine,  Mich.—Striking automobile  workers havo established  the
48-hour  week and a higher wage
and you wish to render financial support to the committee in charge of the propaganda, and the taking bf
the referendum vote, cut out this coupon and mail it
with your donation to tjie. Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midglejr, Ubor Temple, Vancouver,
At. C.
II 1W»!
II 1019;
I12, iw
J tor "
To the Seoretary of the Central Committee of the 0. B. V,
Enclosed please flnd the turn of $ ae my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in tak-
ing the referendum vote for tho 0. B. U. You need not
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Federationist will be sufficient,
thev did not understand its signification.
Tho early days of the industrial
'movement in Oreat Britain-—tho
first capitalist nation on earth—had
the "guilds" as an outstanding
feature. Later, the trade union
developed, though at first not extending beyond small groups in limited localities—the industries themselves alio at that time boing similarly limited in extent. Wben altered conditions caused tho workers to become migratory, the scope
of the trade unions became correspondingly enlarged: everything became "amalgamated," and so national organization was brought
into being by the necessities of the
case. The movement today was developing because of the changed industrial conditions, brought about
largely by the war.
As opposition wns uow directed at
tho 0. B. U, movement, so it had
been directed against previous developments; in 1862, for instance,
Juestions were asked in the British
louse of Commons aB to "the
growing menace of trade-unionism," just as they were bing asked
at Ottawa today anent the 0. B. U.
Then, as now, thero was opposition,
too, from workers who -did not understand the necessity of change,
Tot this necessity had been' making itself increasingly felt as evidenced by changes even within thc
A. F_.of L.. Then the war enme
along and intensified the necessity,
During the four years of tho war
there had beon more introduction
of labor-saving machinery, more
systcmatization, and more striving
for efficiency than during any previous period of much greater length.
In tho new conditions, the old-tJUtte
craft-skill had ceased tto figure; the
resulting '' shop steward'' movement in the Old Country was on a
par with the O. B. U. movement
hero and in Australia and the
United States. It was an organization of the workers by industries
instead of by crafts. "The workers here,'as elsewhere, are not following their own whims or the whim
of any man, but the line of industrial development." They wero
recognizing a class interest rather
than a craft interest.
As to the alleged intention of
dropping political action, attempt-J
ing a revolution by means of a general strike, etc., the speaker declared that'' tho workers know there is
no possibility of bringing about a
change except by political action."
The holding of the Calgary convention was itsolf a political act. At
present, 60 per cent, of the workers
of B. C, wero without the franchise;
by means of the 0. B. U. they might
be able to obtain political powers
which they had not got, thus aiding
in bringing about a rovolution without violence. Tho Triple Alliance
in Oreat Britain had made the government come through, and industrial organization hero might be
similarly utilized. Not one of the
representatives at the conference,
however, believed that the ovorthrow of capitalism would be effected by any such organization.
Tho ruling class, and many labor
leaders on this continont) had utilized craft organization for their
own interests. Craft distinction had
had a retarding effect on tho class-
consciousness of the workers. Thi
speaker did not expect that capitalism would develop to the full before being overthrown; neithor did
he agree that thore was no class*
struggle until the attempt to overthrow it was made. The industrial
and the political could not bo separated; tho history of capitalism itself must have' been a history of a
class struggle, just as was the history of other orders of society. AH"
the agitation nnd working-class activities through all the ages indicated a struggle for life and happiness. These could never come, to the
working-clnBS except by their owning tho means of production.
"While the machine is teaching tho
worker to line up irrespective of
craft, it is also teaching him he
must own that machine before he
can be free."
In contradiction of Sir Geo. Foster's statement that "Canada must
produco and sell—or   perish,"   the
speaker   submitted    that    Canada
must "produce and use"—or perish!
Ho had hoard Foster   himself  say
that the only conceivable roason for
war with Orr many was competition
for markets; the basic   causo   of
wars was the commercial jealousies |
of the   different   nations.    (Hear,
hear.)   Germany wanted a place in
the commercial sun; that was  because the ruling class could pot get
profit except by selling.   The working-class   had   produced   all   the
wealth of the world, including the
moans of destruction; had fed and
clothed the fighting mon, as well as
the millionaires; and now they were
told to produce more,"   The more
you produce, the worst your condition will be, because they can't dispose of it now."   In  the  varloua
countries, the some intensification of
industry had been going on.   Until
they produced more for themselves
and less for tho ruling class, their
condition would become worse.   Let
them organiie to the full industrially and use their strength  to  the
full at the ballot-box. (Hear, hear.)
Their ultimate goal, however, must
be the ownership of the means of
produetion. when there would be no
dictating to them as to what form
of organisation they should adopt!
There were various questions,
coupling the 0. B. U. with that of
the I. W. W. The speaker pointod
out that I. W. W. tactics were
natural to men without political privileges, The 0. B. U. did not involve sabotage or the retarding of
industrial development, But, * he
added, "if you take ordinary poUtlcal privileges away from the workers, they'll act along other Unas."
Don't pas* up our
line of $25 suits
—they are the equal in value of Ladies'
Suits for which $35 to $40 is being asked
The material in these Suit, is Pure Wool—not "near-wool"-—
made up on models that are of attractive design—styles that are
right up to date and wondorfully effective—finished in exceptionally Hue manner.
We Carry Thii Line la Varioiu Models—All Sine in Each
Offered in a Black and White Chock—Donegal Tweed—Black or
Blue Serge and in line quality Serge in ten popular shades,
Hr. Union Man, do you buy at a
union storo f
1047 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 1479
Operator*) of the largeet Goodyear SHOE REPAIR plant ln
the City,
Union Shoe ropairing. Be-
tnomber our guarantee, men's
and women's soles we guarantee for three monthi.
We don't cobblo your shoes,
wo repair them.
We know how; wo aro shoemakers.
Let us have your neit repairs.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
Union Bhop, No. 381
Tou can depend on the
JL FISH, Prop.
to furnish you Pure Milk.
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
tty. 7T3M-0. Bsr. eiut
0. I. UB, rroptlttor
Union Olci.li, writ, tor prices.
_, ,   Phoae Stjmoiir 7ie»
(Uld Tlon,  World  Baildlaf,  Vancouver. B. 0.
Tho only Union Bhop ia Vunravor
advice and stock your OOAL
Till June Iat
Lump (sacked) $10.15
Nut Coal $9.65
KIRK'S   Celebrated   Double
I« Always Dependable
Ask tho woman who burns it,
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 468
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tt HaMap Street WM
Evenings   S.30 I
For Union Men
Phone Soymour 936
Refined Service
Ono Block West of Courthouse
TJso of Modorn Chopol and
Funeral Parlors freo to all
Telephone Seymour 1425
}. Psrliamut 0. Turcot*
Pocket Billiard
(Bnmiwlck-Btlk. CoUouclor Oo.)
—Hisdqnsrton for Union Hon—
-Onion-mad.   Tobaccos,   Olnrs   aad
Onlr WUte H.lp  Employs*
42 Hastings Street East
Our advertisers support tho Fed- fl
I erationist.   It is up to you to sup-
port them.
Bicycles of Real Value—Tisdall'g STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicyole, quality has been onr
first consideration. We therefore offer you an exceptionally strong wheel at a very moderate price.
^^^^^        stands
Westminster Brewery Oo. OniOIAL   PAPEB   TAKOOUVEB
Tii. DM AW  LABOB   00UI10U,
omouL papbb nrma aat
mu nrauiUa or
ILEVENTfl YEAR.   No. 20
H-glBtored la accordsaco with th. Copyright Aet.
Tooth economy
t_ Save the teeth—that is the most effective economy you can praotise. For by saving them—conserving their efficiency—you save food, using for
purposes of nourishment every ounce you eat.
Half-ohewed food imposes a burden upon the
organs responsible for the other stages of digestion, a burden they are often unable to carry.
Pood ferments, decomposes and is thrown away
—frequently only after doing great damage to
the stomach and, through the blood, to the vital
organs. So tooth economy is health conservation. Also to save the natural teeth is to save
money on the dental bill you must ultimately
pay. Save your teeth by preserving them—seeing the dentist regularly and having repairs
made promptly,
_ Have the tartar cleaned off and
save tho teeth—prevent pyorrhoea.
Have repairs made at onco. Allow
me to replace lost teoth promptly.
Phene 807. UU
Fine Dentistry
By the use of harmless but wonderfully effective
preparations we arc able to do all forms of dental
work without inconvenience to the feelings of our
Wo'll he (lid to explain theae thoroughly scientific methods—th.
most modern known to the profession (or the alleviation of ptin,
Drs. Brett Anderson & Douglas
nn. oeytua >93i    Cassclnuui
Ono. Opon
Ta.sday and
Friday Swing!
602 HASTINOS ST. W„ Oor. Seymonr
Union Made Footwear
We sell good union-made Shoes for men and women.   Our Shoes
aro made by skilled union labor in sanitary factories.
They are manufactured by the best shoe manufacturers, who
•mploy nothing but union labor.
You should buy your shoos at this store, Mr. Union Han, and
patronize union labor by wearing our roliablo 'Union-made Shoes,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
i*fton$oTtn*clg-ir Mikiri' inierniG
Union-made Cigars.
''"1, HMMC-tM*-* tMo-*i inum b« hin Nn m4a kyi FNStOtSS MUM
i Ctri» w mtM iMuM m-
mmM tuatittajmni.
' CKIVtf
Troth Out nowori, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouqueta, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
4S Hastings Btreet East 728 Oranvllle Street
Soymour 98S878 Seymour 9613
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that hand is the hand that lifts the shaped dough
from the moulding machine to.the pd.ii in which it is
baked,  From the timo tho flour is placed in the dough-
mixer machinery docs all tho work, producing thousands of
loaves in the same time it takes the housewife to bako four.
Thui   hM It
been made
tosaltile t o
u y better
bread it a
lem coit than
It can be
baked il
Jood  License
Ho. 64061
raiment U
Queensland  Is   Looking
After the Returning
Whilo other Australian state governments have been attempting by
words to convince the' pooplo of
their loyalty, the Queensland stato
government in Australia has shown
its patriotism by putting into oporation a practical and liberal
schemo of settlement for returned
Already some 2000 soldiers have
been settled on the land in Queensland despite tho fact that the bulk
of tho men returned to Australia to
dato are physically unfit. Whilst
the sister stato qf New South Wales
is talking about providing for 5000
BoldierB under its soldier settlement
policy during tho next two years,
tlio Queensland Labor government
has completed nrrnngementH for
dealing with 10,000 men during
Quito a numbor of group settlements are in operation in Queensland, while other areas specially set
apart for the purpose arc in preparation for occupation. Tho fired
which has been directly meson-oil
in this way is approximately- four
million acres, but there are other
idlo lands with which thc government is preparing to deal. For instance in the coastal region—ono of
the most productive in tho whole
world—it is estimated that 8,000,000
acres capable of supporting 50,000
families aro availablo for settlement.
Tho terms under which land is
provided for soldiers aro laid down
in special legislation passed by tho
Queensland parliament—thc flrst of
its kind to be passed in tho whole
of tho British Empire, and the most
liberal in its provisions. Thc land
is mado available under tho perpetual leasehold system, tho capitnl
valuo being fixed in all cases below
tho actual value of the land. During the flrst three years no rent is
collected, and from tho fourth to
the fifteenth year tho soldier settler is called upon to pay only 1%
per cent on the capital value, while
subsequent to that the rental is to
be fixed by the land court. A special monetary advance of 500 pounds
on exceptional terms, to each soldier, is allowed under the act,
whilst further advances up to an
additional 700 pounds may be obtained from the State Bank
torms. Thus both land and money is
But the schemo does not end
thero. Training farms have been inaugurated, supervisors and instruct*
ors supplied, and all the state government agricultural experts have
been made available for soldior settlements, Chances of failure are
therefore remote. In fact, tho fame
of the Queensland system has spread
and men havo come from all parts
of Australia to join tho settlements
which havo been established, whilst
English Tommies ami Canadians aro
also to be found on tho settlements.
The settlement at Becrburrum, 40
miles north of Brisbane is tho oldest of the soldier settlements, and
is ono of the most fertile spots of
Australia. Here farmers make fortunes out of pineapple nnd citrus
fruit growing. The area of 51,000
acres is divided into blocks of from
20 acres upwards, according to the
quality of thc soil. No man is allowed to tnko over a block of land
until in tho opinion of tho supervisor he has attained a suitnble
standard of perfect efficiency. While
the men are learning to be farmers
thoy are paid a wago which enables
thom to livo in co»mun.
On each block of land an area
sufficient to produce a living for thp
settler is cleared nnd planted before
occupation; tho area in fences and
a house for the accommodation of
thc settler and his family is erected. Whero two years ago was forest land, today the township of Beer-
burruin with its population of soldiers, school for children, state butcher shops', state general store, recreation hnll, reading room, public
library and state savings bank now
flourishes. And this is only thc forerunner of mnny such townships thc
Queensland Labor government is
setting up for the returned soldier
so that he may become bnppy and
contented in his new life.
The above outline of the Becrburrum settlement will suffice for
the other soldier settlements which
are in course of development
throughout Queensland, such as
nt Pikodalc, 200 miles southwest of
Brisbane; Oswald's Track, in tho
Cairns district, Northern Queens-
laud; Millaa Mitlna, Kuiri, Pecra-
mon, Bavenshoc, nil in tho Cairns
district; Mt. Hutton iu the Roma
district; Cecil Plains in the Darlings Downs district, and many
In addition to this tho Queensland.
government is constructing railways
to open up new land suitable for tho
settlement of other soldiers. A new
railway about to tho built in Northern Queensland will open up no less
than -3,284,800 acres for soldier settlements, while other lines aro on
tho way to other districts. In fact,
Queensland is today a hive of activity—the work being to try and
fit tho country to "absorbe tho returning soldiers without having them
waiting when thoy return from the
Besides crop, fruit and liko growing, another branch of tho Queensland Repatriation schemo is that of
poultry raising, and market gardening. Several such settlements nro in
progress, nnd under the watchful eyo
of experts from tho agricultural colleges.
Another valuable piece of fore-
sightcdnees on the part of the government was the installation of canneries on all soldier settlements given to the raising of fruit or vegetable crops, so that the soldier settlors may havo no waste—all crops
not being sold being sent along to
the canneries. Experts were sent to
Hawaii and California to make investigations and gain first-hand
knowledge of the most up-to-date
methods of canning. Their reports
have boen tested upon with success.
Biloi are also erected for the storage of feed for soldier settlements.
These details will show that the
Labor government ot .Queensland in-
ING, MAY 16, f919
cedes -ike-*.enormous powers demanded by^.thf enormity of our problems to its representatives, and they
in turn-^ave unlimited opportunities
of appointing others. Hence the
placemen; hence the great army of
controllers and censors, of commissioners and overseers, all in theory
responsible servants of the people,
all, in fact, very potent monarchs
in their islands of administration.
The wangler finds his chance; he
knows somebody who knows somebody else. He is not Mr. Belloc's
Lord Lundy—
'It happened to Lord Lundy then,
As it happens to so many men:
About thc age of twenty-six
They shoved him into politics,
In turn ft Secretary for
India, tho Colonics, and War."
No; he is tho acquaintance of Lord
Lundy'a cousin, and Lord Lundy
will need a score of private secretaries. He is appointed to serve!
Much virtuo in that service! As
a public servant ho -draws the public money and becomes the public
master. As Tacitus said of the Emperor Otho: "He spared himself
no servile offico to win a tyranny."
And; the wangler having won his
little', brief, authority, sets out to
strengthen and enlarge it.
V Virtue I A fig I 'Tis in our-
solvds that we arc thus or thus!"
What right have wc to complain of
wnnglers when not twenty per cent,
of Londoners will endure the petty
nuisance of voting at an olection nt
decide the government of the metropolis-: Those who sleep by tho roadside'must expect the practical jokes
of passing children. Amiable professors may create a pseudo science
of "civics," as if it woro anything
more' than applied niorality and
commdn sonscl Tho first civic duty
is to discard the pleasant vice of
sleeping; thoso. who clamor for
rights must shoulder duties,
The Socialist Quakers
To wangle is now. Parliamentary0flood. -A tolerant multitude eon-
English; that does not, of course,
in these times, constitute It polite or
even dictionary English; but it certainly, gives it a coupon, a recognition of great services rendered. The
wangler was not born with the war,
nor with the spent fury of it will
his never-ending audacity depart.
But he fed on the war and throve
abundantly, as maggots on the
midden. In the corruption of such
chaos he, being of corruption, found
his natural environment; while a
continent mourned, sickened, and
starved, he writhed into a fat prosperity. All the world is the wangler 's country, though he pays devout life-service to the nationalism
of his own particular sector. Mountains of national debt loom high on
overy horizon, and he cheerfully
takes his profitable spado to build
them yet higher; Excelsior is his International Anthem.
The word "to wangle "has no
logical definition, but it has come to
stay because it answers a need. It
hns tbe right of "sly" successful-
ness, of cunning that counterfeits
ability, and of a literal loyalty that
lives not by the law but on it. To
wangle is not merely to pull strings,
but to pull them profitably. Tho
wangler is of all ranks and stations;
ho may be merely a trivial manipulator of week-ends or a past-master
in the craft of creating (and protecting) koy industries. Wherever
there is Caesar, there will his favorites bo gathered together. Tho
very form and fashion of wangling
was set up by the f recdmen of Imperial Rome thoso backstairs gentlemen of obscure origin who kopt
tho purse and administered tho jobs
of a World-Empiro lapped in tho
doubtful blessings of tho poace of
Caesar. Caesarism has many admirers in our own day, but they will
do well to remember that it neods a
Caesar; and Caesars aro rare. Government by Strong Men of the commonly accepted type means always
governmont by the wily few wbto
cnn shear the locks of Samson; for
the fatal thing about Strong Men
is their liability to little weaknesses.
Whethor the peace will make thc
world safe for democracy and democracy safe for the world depends
upon the course of events and upon
our definition of democracy. Certainly the war made it safo for
bureaucracy, and bureaucracy made
it both safe and remunerative for
thc wangler. For many a day our
Hydra-heated Government will defy
tho slashings of the reforming
swordsman. Penetrate to' our
motest moorland and "Government" is always or. tho farmers
lips; a friend financially perhaps,
yot never was a friend so hated!
And who precisely is " Governments' He has no visible presenco,
but when challenged ho emits, liko
tho cuttle-fish, an offensive discharge of ink. He is mnde manifest
in long, yellow envelopes and in
documents that can bo understood
only of his kind. Tho hand remains
hidden, but tho weicht is vory perceptible when his minister, the tax-
gatherer, comes upon his rounds.
We can only seo in this absent yet
sinister form the shadow of the
Perfect Wangler. Of course, "Gov
ernment" is still responsible ii
theory to tho Sovereign People; a
pretty theory!. For should an indignant poople, roused at last from hts
Slough of Despond, by somo moro
titan usually foolish and extravagant raid upon its hen-roosts, demand an end of this fox and cull
out the hounds, then tho chase is
hard indeed: thc fox takes earth at
once, and this no mero burrow in
thc sand penetrable in half-an-hour
with spade and terrier, but a spacious cavern in tho rocks with
passages, galleries, and muzo complete; in fact, an elegant ond
mnny-roomed hotel. In theory, thc
"huntsmen with horses, hounds, and
terriers, should make short work of
a single beast, a miserable, defenceless fox; but not your crafty, hock-
haunting, mountain fox. For he
takes no sporting risks with a run
across country; tho Mangier fox
knows how to sit tight until the
hunt is weary of digging and
scratching; then ho can re-visit his
roosts. And so the complcto wangler takes no risks with a debute in
Parliament, feeble chasing though
that may often be. He keeps to his
many-chambered curth and sends
out a wretched Under-Secretory to
load tho hounds away.
The wangler is the sign and symbol of thc world's dilemma. Everywhero public opinion is demanding
more democracy, nnd everywhere
democracy seems to be breaking
down. Everywhero enlightened mankind, bound by thc magic cliuins of
swift intercourse and by community of markets and of philosophies,
is beginning to realizo its essentia
unity and to demand machinery for
thc the articulation of that puzzling
unity; yet everywhero the machinery of governmont is playing us
false. Our democrats, despairing of
domocracy, cry out in their ngony
for more of it; yet this homeopathic
physicking has been barren in result, The world drifts from the
old aristocracy to thc new plutocracy, and from thc new plutocrucy
it is apt to ho wrenched violently
to a forcible dictatorship to thc proletariate. Democracy is at onco the
great ideal and tho great illusion.
"Tbe Gods are just, and of our
pleasant vices
Mako instruments to plague us."
Tho plensant vice of tho peoples hns
been sleep. To hear fino talk of government of tlio people by thc people
for tho people may bo enjoyable,
but it is also a narcotic. To work
out such pomposity of phrase in thc
cold light of results, to dissect, to
analyze, to put a sound Utilitarian
criterion beforo every flashing
phrase of minister or journalist,—
nye, thoro indeed is tho rub. For
that is hard thinking, and thought,
always distrusted by thc indolent,
is doubly distasteful in such n case.
It is a great denl easier to sing
hymns to democracy than to define it.
Here is tbo tide in the affairs of
the wangler, and he is no truo
wangler who cannot take it at the
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
To those who have derived their
knowledge of Socialism largely
from continental sources, it is somewhat of a surprise to flnd Socialism
growing .on English soil. It is true
that; it-is a rather different variety
from that found in British Columbia., But evolution works by creating,* .-different varieties. The self-
styled;' i'True Reds" will probably
assent, jbefore they seo it that it
must:bfl off-color. The truly scientific; m|ud will study it ond accept
it f-or-jwhat it is worth.
QuaHqrism and Socialism may
seem, an impossiblo combination,
yet,iti is so far an accomplished
fact tV-^t a society actually exists.
Itsp(members acknowledging '' tbe
light) which lightoth evory man that
cometh. in to the world" as an immediate guido in each, individual,
feel that this implies a universal
brothcrhool, such as cannot in any
true sense be realized under the
present competitive system of in
dustry. They therefore hold that
the means of production, distribution
and exchange should bc collectively
J. T. Newbould states his position
very clearly in a paper on Quakerism and Capitalism,
'I am not prepared either here,
or indeed nny whero else, to put forward tho view thnt the ownership of
capital is, in all circumstances, indefensible. On the contrary,* I desire to put forward, as a scientific
Socialist, that capitalist production,
thc carrying on of industry for profit, the taking of interest and of
rent, and the retention of the wago
symtem aro justifiable, becauso necessary, at certain periods of economic und social development. But
that, docs not mean that I nm prepared to mako peaco or truce, with
what I believo with all my being,
to bo a form of production which,
year by year, is becoming more immoral. Rather am I striving with
might and main to assist my working-class colleagues to inform themselves of the history and operations
of capitalism, so to organize and so
to act as to abolish not only tho industrial system but tho institutions
ond ideas which arc built upon it,
and, in this way, so to ordor our
social life ns to tako away tho occasion of all war, whother of races,
nations, Boxes, or classes."
Wo arc not Utopians; wo do not
seek to build castles in tho air, to
organize social Utopias, to derive
our concrcto institutions from concrete ideas of right and wrong, of
worthiness and nnworthiness. Our
conviction, founded upon n study
of industrial and sociul development, is that thc methods and control of wenlth production are making ready the basis of tho Socialist
commonwealth, which will bo but
the coping stone of ull human
efforts to wring from tho earth a
full and free existence that may
jcrinit of thc abolition of thc over-
ordship, apparent or implied, of
man'at the expense of man."
J "I. declare as a proletarian Socialist, that it is thc aim of those
for whom I spook and with whose
propaganda and methods I nm now
unresorvodly associated to prepare
tjie /.workers to assume possession
at\tPdirection of thc entiro means
ojE,;production, nnd, as a sequel to
thc conquest of- political power by
the., working class, to abolish the
ffrtlfr ns an institution which functions to maintain order iu a society
founded on private property and
qlas-J distinctions, and to replace it
by ,the co-operative   commonwealth
Hotel Employees Strike
Caused the Plutocrats
Many Inconveniences
The following description is au extract from a news account, published in tho English labor journal, Thc
Workors Dreadnought, of the reecnt
strike in London of the Hotel, Restaurant and Club Employees!
Most readers of the Dreadnought
know nothing of the luxurious palaces in and around Piccadilly, where
the wealth produced by millions of
miserable slaves all ovor tho world
is recklessly spent by the privileged
few; whore art is the humble slave
of Mammon and a big bank balance
is the sum total of every achievement and gives access to every
worldly good.
Horo honcy-tongued officials receivo, gold-gilded dignitaries attend
and smiling-fac-ed, well-groomed servants wait upon the select ones,
amid exquisito perfume and* gorgeous colors and to the sweet tuno of
a select orchestra.
Here men speak in terms of thousands and millions, and the most
charming women their beauties as
well as their jewels. Here, in winter, in spito of the raging storm,
worthy gentlemen and ethereal ladies take thcir meals and drink their
iced champagne in delightful
warmth, and in summer, in tho cool
atmosphere created by the miniature
icebergs ,skilfully camouflaged with
green leaves and flowers.
The Scene Changes
When the strike started the whole
aspect changed as though by magic;
Instead of the noisy slaves running
about feverishly In the inner part
of the building where the work is
dono, n grim silence prevailed.
Tho kitchen fires wero out, the
cellars locked, no cooks were heard
shouting vociferously. The slaves
were gone. One o'clock, no one to
servo and nothing to serve except
some cold dishes. Just a few head
waiters, loyal slaves, are mournfully
moving about the dining rooms and
n big, fat man, the managor, is running anxiously here and thero. Poor
man!   Upstairs the guests aro wait-
(,BeiJ"T™) $1-60 PER YEAR
The Basic Idea
with wt ia VALUE—the maximum of atyle and
quality for minimum money. We are Fast Masters j
in the Fine Art of Tailoring and in the Art o{,Fye
tailoring — likewise i n
marchandising. We have
brought both to tbe level
bf a icience by long and
careful itudy. Before
others were, we were. Ten
years have we been here and ten years' satisfaction
is our record. Today, notwithstanding our age, we
are the youngest spirited, most progressive custom
tailora of this city, with the greatest stock of high
quality woolens and the
most advanced and up-to-
date systems, ensuring
excellence and economy
in excelsis.
Men's Suits
$35 Up
Women's Suits
$45 Up
B.C Tailoring Co.
Hear Theatre
ing in vain to be attended.    Tho
slaves are gonel
Six p. m. the famous Grand hall Is
empty and mournful. Now and
again a page boy breaks its silence,
passing through it and grimacing
scornfully or smiling in glee. He is
not at all downhearted, becauso his
food is so bad. Many a snobby aristocrat ,among whom wero a few
Russian Ciarists, found- themselves
compelled, practically for tho first
time in their lives, to help themselves and even make their own
tends to stand by the returnod boI-
diers in a practical manner. The
father of tho scheme ia J. M. Hunt-
the labor minister for lands in
Queensland, and he is fast showing
the world that the Queensland Labor government is a government of
(Wedb rather than of words,    -
I ",\Vc desire no caste or order of
rcsjWiiiHiblo administrative owners
divorced from the Hfu of industry
and the control of thc workshop.
Wc intend to build thc social organization up from not down to the
workshop. Tho workers under proletarian 8ociiilisni, are not to carry
on production for un elected board
of civil representatives, but instoad
to work thcir own business regulated by thoir own industrial dole-
gates, We do nol boliovo in govornment nor in letting out the control of our destinies to political representatives who will do our thinking for us.   Wc believo that parlia-
entnry institutions are something
pertaining to a society of private
properties who carry on their own
"Wherever the producers manipulate machinery or   use   tools  und
means of production which they do
not own, thero thoy hnvo become
wago or salary earners: there they
havo become creatures of surplus
value; thero they have become divorced from control and direction
of that which iB necessary to them
for tbo attainment of their livli-
The white and the blaek, the
yellow and the brown, the European
the Asiatic and the African are all
being enlisted in the great armies
of the impersonal proflt-taaking system. Social organizations, tribal
farms, political institutions, racial
distinctions, caste tnboos, religious
barriers handed down from generations nnd centuries of an immorial
age, nre being swept away by the
warning flood-tide of surplus values
swirling across the earth from the
automatic tools and universal machines of capitalist production.
To frionds. ... tho workers
call, bidding them show thoir class
how to complete itB historic mission, and to achieve the supreme
courage to step down from ownership and to lose itself in the vast
concourse of meu and women who
are organizing the society of the
producers — tho co-operative commonwealth of Socialism.
Accepted Arbitration
Rochester, N, T.—Under the termB
of a now agreement between contractors and representatives of the
building trades the principle of arbitration and conciliation has been
adopted as a basis for all future re
lations. The strike whieh has been
in progress arose over jurisdictional
questions among the several unions
has been adjusted by a concilliator
from the department of labor.
war I   1AMO   TOUE
Banging tha receiver en th* hook
in the midst of ths other   pti
genial "good-bye" Is like alaa	
the door on a departing guest, Doa't
think he falls tb heir lti clatter or
misunderstand lta significance,
The telephone la a delicate instrument; otherwise it would not register the human voice. It merits cartful handling; thereon largely depends
its satisfactory working. And, juat
as important to the uatr, tha all-important Impressions which ha makea
by telephone—whether in or ont or
business houra—depend la groat
meaaure on the consideration ho
shows other people, up to th* lut
faint click that ahould end th* connection.
we arc offering all of lost year'» model, at very attractive prices.
Theso machines are all perfect in every way.   Bemember, after
wo have sold what we havo on hand, we cannot secure any moro
to sell at such low prices as wo arc now offering them.
The Canadian Furniture Co.
Opposite Woodward's
attracting lots of buyers—and if you want a
SUITyou cannot afford
to pass our store without buying.
Our Suits start at $15
and range upward.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West KU.RHHI
Published every  Friday morning by the
B. 0. Federationist, Limited.
A. S. Wells...
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir
St.   Tel. Exchange, Bey. 7495
After fi p.m., Soymour T497K
-Subscription Ratea: United States and
Foreign, $2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50
per  year;   in   Vaneonver   City,   $2.00
Ser year;  to Uniona subscribing in a
ody, $1,25 par member per year.
>**I*—W I.---****. — — — r^VW-v^rt^wW^^.
Unity of Labor; th* Hope of the World.
..May   16, 1919
IT  IS  BEALLY   Interesting
these days of storm and stress
to see the efforts that are being
put forth, by the employing class to
protect tho workers against pernicious propaganda. The
HOW methods adopted are
KIND varied    and    many,
THEY ARE. aud must cost considerable taoney.
There has been brought to our.notice this week a few of theso
schemes to save the workers from
their own stupidity. Of course, thoy
must be stupid or they would not
need tho kindly .solicitude of their
masters, to prevent them swallowing without consideration alt that is
told them, and the employers knowing thut they ure stupid, do not intend that they shall be led away by
any falso doctrines, or by heresies
concocted in tho minds of false prophets, such as are to dsy in the
Labor movemont.
* * *
The workers at Anyox are rccoir-
ing at frequent intervals pamphlet?
which are designed to save the
workera from many and varied
forms of false doctrines. In one of
tho aforementioned pamphlets, appears this passage;
"What is being advocated just now
is the wrecking of thc machine, discarding tbe existing system. Thc
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has como out strongly in favor
of sovcring all affiliation with international trade unions, and though
the reason is not made absolutely
definite, it is presumed to bo because
iu tho international organizations
are meu wbo oppose drastic action.
They, declare in fnvor of reason, but
those behind the One Big Union
movement are not disposed to con-
aider reasonable suggestions. An
instance of this was shown when a
prominent delegate wished to-speak
against tho motion, but he was jock-
yed out of a chnnce to oxprcss himself against the proposal.
is worrying the employen, not thc
welfare of the workers, but the welfare of the employing class, which
depends on the submission of the
slaves to the rule of capital. Thc
petty humbug thut is now being displayed by the employers, however,
will not fool the workers. It is too
late in tho day. The workers know
that, only by a change in the systom
can the needs and requirements of
the workers be met, and that there
is no idmit.it.y of interests between
capital and labor. That only by the
elimination of class distinctions,
which are brought about by the
class ownership of tho means
of woalth production, tan the
elass war be ended. It is too bad
that tho employers should be so foolish as to spend money on this kind
of stuff, in view of the fact that
they could much botter spend it on
safeguarding the slave when he is at
work, and that it ia an impossibility
to save the slaves from thcir coming
freodom, and the ruling class from
getting down to work, which is so
laudable a thing for the workers,
and so undignified for any member
of the ruling class. Cnn it be that
our old friend Makovski is breaking
out in a new role, and is hiding his
light under a bushel, a bushel of
pamphlets, and advice!
Now these are strange statements
in face of the vote that is being cast
by  the  different   organizations  in
favor of tho 0. B. U., and the workers should, as suggested in this pamphlet,  investigate  into  tho reason
/or the opposition of the employen
to the 0. B. U.t or they may be led
astray by false doctrines that are
not preached by members of organized Labor.   In anothor pamphlet issued to the slaves of this concern,
they  are  warned- against  strikes.
This line of argument is no doubt
good from the view point of a concern that hai vory recently made a
very material reduction in the wagos
of its slaves, and while very patriotic in their demand for returned soldiers to All tho various jobs, many
returned men struck against tho reduction. Under these conditions, we
can see the folly (to the company)
of strikes. Would they not cause the
company     considerable     trouble?
There  are  many  other  pamphlets
that aro being issuod to the workers
at this modern Blave plantation in
the north, dealing with Bolshevism,
and many othor isms, and they all
endeavor to load th? workers into
the same and conservative paths so
dearly   loved   by   the   employers.
Strange to say, iu these pamphlets
the   benefits   of  the   International
unions are lauded, and when it is
known that any attempt on the part
of the workers to form a union under the international at this camp
has been nipped in  the bud, and
thoso advocating it discharged,   it
looks stranger still to see thc attitude now adopted.
» * >
Another way in which the kindly
wishes of tho omployers are brought
home to the workers, is by the issuing of papors iu shipyards, which
are supposed to be run in the interests of the workers, and by the
workers. They may be run by tho
workers of the workers, but so far
we have failed to see in any one of
these sheets tbe advocacy of anything that waa not io the interests
of the employers. One of these
sheets has recently started a crusade against the O. B. U., and also
an advocacy of the sone and safe
method of organization under thc International. Strang* to say, the employers, or the owners of this particular yard in which the sheet is publishod, were not always so favorable
to the international, and in the pust
bas warned the workers against thc
foreign agitators who represented
the samo organization that it now
praises. Time has certainly wrought
many changes even in the minds of
the employers, but as u.iuu), they arc
behind the times.
* * *
Thc lust and by no means thc
I-sftit of the now forms of this latest
manifestation of tlio employers interests in thc workers' wolf ure, is
the solicitude for thc welfare of the
workers expressed in tho letter sent
out by the Employers Association of
B. Cy and which is reproduced in
another column in this issue. This
perhaps will give to the workers a
real cluo to tho interest now being
displayed. The employers are realizing that the workers are getting
next to thc skin game that lms been
played on them ull down through the
ages. Thoy are realizing that the
working class attitude towards their
slavery is no longer submissive, and
as it is only through tbe enslavement of tho workers that .profits can
be gathered, they, the employers, arc
concerned in what the workers are
T IS REALLY amusing to read
tho words of men that have tried |
to provo that Lenine is a fool,
and that tho Russiun people aro being destroyed nt tho will of this arch
iieud.     Tho latest
THAT writer to render his
BOGUS quota to the gencr-
MONEY. al    amusement    of
men that have a
passing acquaintance with economics, is Richard Spillane, a financial
writer, whose words of wisdom appeared in the Vancouver Daily Sun,
Tbis genius, in the article rofcrred
to, states that Lenine has flooded
Russia with money, so that, its debasement makes it ridiculous. And
that he plans to introduce the communistic ideal of valuation, tho production of the worker being the
standard. It really is too funny for
words, for that is exactly what has
happened in capitalistic society.
Labor time, and that alone, has been
the measure of value under capitalism. -In fact, it is the only thing
that can givo exchange valuo, or
produce wealth. As to the money
proposition, not only Russia, but tho
world, has been flooded with paper
money during thc last few years,
and this writer, who sets out to
make out thut Lenine is a fool, in
the very same article gives proof of
this in thc following passage:
Today, if we had to depend upon
upon metallic monoy alone in the
transaction of tho world's affairs,
there would be chaos. Iu nil tho
world there is only 49,000,000,000
of coined gold or gold in bars. The
amount of silver coined or in pigs
is but $3,000,000,000. So it is that
if the coins of markers were to
bc used exclusively, there would
not be enough in the world to pay
for much more than one-half of
the farm products of America
alone this year of 1919.
*       *       *
In other words, tho ruling class,
to carry on the game of promise, or
credit, has found it was compelled
to discard the medium of exchangi
and flooded the world with paper
money, that has no backing. Thero
is not enough gold in tho world, as
the writer says, te redeem one-half
of the promissory notes known as
paper monoy, This had had a lot-to
•do with the high cost of living.
Thero is no backing to the medium
of exchange, So long as the gold
standard was maintained, there was
some stability in prices, but money
without any exchango value behind
it wns introduced, henco tho chaos.
You may call a dollar a dollar, but
if it is not, it is not what it is represented to be. In othor words, if
there is nothing behind the money
of today, if there is no security in
the shape of value created by labor,
then monoy must become chenp and
commodities dear in proportion, Labor timo has and still is thc only
thing that determines exchange
value. A pair of shoes will exchange
with a hat, or with any other commodity in accord with tho amount of
labor time embodied in euch of these
commodities. But a dollar bill, not
having the exchango value in gold
bohind it, becomes worthless, und as
a result prices go up. Demand nnd
supply cntor into thc question at any
given time, but taken over a period,
it will be found that in all cases this
law maintains. If we cxamino into
thc price of thc 'different commodi
ties, and compare thom one with an
other, this can ho scon easily by the
simplest mind. In tlio relative value
of shoes compared with hats, there
is no difference from tho present relative values, than there wns before
tho wnr. The fuct of the matter is
capitalism is bankrupt, and it is boi
storing or trying lo bolster itself up
by the issuance pf "worthless papor
monoy." It may seem foolish to
thoso thnt do not understand it to
establish as the medium of exchange, labor time, but it has always
been the only standard of values,
and no matter what system of society wc live under, if barter and
exchange is carried on, this will be
the only standard. Mr. Spillane
says if we hud to depend on metallic
money alone, in thc transactions of
the world's affnirs ,there iwuld be
chaos. Wc would like to know what
on oarth we have now, if it is not
chaos, nnd how much more foolish
Lenino is, if he is doing us suggested) than tho present captains of
finance, in viow of the fnct thnt he
is only following their examplet We
are, however, prone to believe that
Lenine has a larger grasp of economics than the so-called financial expert
eould over attain. In the meantime
we wait the debacle that must eventually strike the present; system that
is based ou bluff, bluster nnd credit,
and papor money, which has no
backing, except thnt whieh in held
out by thc continued opportunity to
exploit the slaves.
to whether a man has a god or not,
but wc are very materially interest
cd in whether he has a master or
not. Suppose a man has no master,
in other words that he has no job,
and as a result of that working class
misery, he exclaims that he, doubts
the existence of a god. Will charges
be preferred against this poor unfortunate individual. Coming down
to tho evident intent of the Loyal
Order of Moose, we can sec the activities of the ruling class in thiB
decree, but as the number of workers that realize that thoir slogan,
must be "No master" before thoy
are free, is steadily growing, we can
see the -day whon the business of
this organization will be confined to
the laying of charges against members that have at least adopted the
latter part of the slogan in question, viz., "No master." That is
the slogan of the working cluss the
world over.
Now tho scene of strife is movod
from Vancouver to tho prairie metropolis, Winnipog, and we have
been wondering which of the agitators Lenine, Pritchard or Kavangh,
is responsible, or whether Oerman
or Russian money was used. It is
too bad that the bad, bad men are
not restricted in thcir activities.
Did any ono sny thnt there was
no noed for British troops in Russia. If so they have been mistaken,
There is still plenty of the munitions
of war on the hands of thc profiteers, which tho cessation of wnr
procluded a market for, and something must be done with thom, aud
if foodstuffs cannot bo sent, somo
place the supply over aud above the
demand must necessitate a drop in
prices. Possibly tho following press
dispatch will throw a liftle light on
the desire for Canadian troops being
sent to Siberia:
"When the C. P. O. S. transport,
Montoaglo, sails tonight for the
Far East, it will carry from this
. port in its hold a shipment of SO
carloads of provisions for the British troops ln Siberia, and will put
the finishing touch on one of the
most remarkable achievements in
the history of the Canadian War
Purchasing Commission.
"Tho order for the shipment
was placed with the War Purchasing Commission at Ottawa by the
British Military Mission at Vladivostok, and despite the fact that
included in it were requests for
large quantities of various linos
of provisions, such as 100,000 lbs.
of biscuits, 00,000 lbs. of jams,
and other various large quantities
orders wcer placed with British
Columbia firms, all on a competitive tonder basis, and the gooda
being placed in the hold of tho
vessel inside of two days from the
time the cable was received at
"The negotiations with locnl
manufacturers and exporters were
conducted by wire, and the fact
that  Vancouver   oxporting firms
wore ablo to meet such a heavy
demand upon them oh such short
notice, is regarded as also a worthy achievement.    The shipment
included    jams,    milk    powder,
eheeso, wrapping paper, disinfectants and other commodities,"
Let ns produce more, and send it
overseas.  --That is the way profits
are made, but the people need these
things at home, some one will say.
Tho people at home be damned.  We
must have profits, thought the heavens fall,
From tho Moosohoart, the organ
of the Loyal Ordor of Moose, we
learn that this order haa decided to
have charges preferred against any
member who uses, or indorses the
gaining in the way of knowledge ofl itgan, "No Ood and no Muster,''
their class posltloi.   It is this that Wc are not very much concerned as
It was brought out very plainly
in the Dominion House during the
week what the intention was when
the Mounted Polico wore brought
here. They wore brought hero to
doal with any one that differed with
tho present system. The arrest of a I
member of tho working class in
Lethbridge, because ho supported
the 0. B. U., is also another sign of
the time's, and shows tho temper of
the ruling class of this glorious Dominion of ours, with .the emphasis
on tho ours, the ours being our masters. With the men of the mounted
police we have no quarrel. They are
members of tho working class, and
as such are thc victims of circumstances. So far the officers of this
military force havo displayed every
courtesy to the officors of organized
Labor, and their part in the recent
trouble at Silverton,* was without
blame. But being a military force,
tho nWmbers of ifc have little say ns
to what they have to do in the time
of trouble, or in case of a strike, or
hunger demonstrations, which are
not so far away as some peoplo
would have us believe, and it is iu
times like those that wo shall see
tho true intent of the ruling class.
But us mnny of the motilities have
been overseas, and gained some little knowledge by doing so, wo are
of thc opinion that any attempt to
use these men in repression of the
people will moot with little success,
and would only rosult in disaster to
the ruling class, and with beneficial
results to the working class movement.
Seattle Plan vs. Canada's 0. B. U.
■   m	
IN an article under tht above caption, James A. Duncan, the
secretary of the Seattle Labor Council, takes the opportunity
of slamming W. A. Pritchard and Jack Kavanagh, for comparing the relative merit* o£ the O- B- u- and the "Duncan Plan/'
to the detriment of the1 latter. It is to be regretted that Mr.
Duncan did not take thq opportunity of replying to the criticism
directed toward his mental offspring during the time President
Kavanagh was in Seattle.
In our opinion, it is very; poor policy on the part'of any one
who claims to be workup" for the interests of Labor, to wait
until their critics have left the city before attempting to reply
to their criticism.
From our understanding of the "Duncan Plan," it asks the
local unions to petition their international officers to issue a
referendum on the question of reconstructing the A. F. of L.
into twelve industrial unions. It necessarily follows that if
such a plan was adopted, some one's meal ticket must go by thc
board. This being so, we fail to see anything slanderous or despicable in the statement that it is asking the international officers to commit official suicide. It appears to be a plain statement of fact.
To attempt to draw an analogy of the "Duncan Plan" by the
statement that "we hear of ex-military officers in Russia having
to carry the hand baggage of others in order to make a living,
but we do nol accuse them of having committed official suicide."
That is descending to the ridiculous. Surely Mr. Duncan does
not think that the working class of Russia asked the official
class to take a referendum as to whether they should or should
not come down and work for a living.
Before accusing any one of despicable tactics, because they
disagree with some pet plan of our own, it is always wise to
scrutinize closely our own career. If Mr. Duncan will let his
memory revert to the fall of last year, he will remember that he
came in for some very unfavorable criticism by the officers of
the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, because of his utterances in this city. Contrary to the method adopted by Mr.
Duncan, however, the criticism was made to his face, and not
after he had left the city. We are in the habit of commenting
upon principles rather than individuals, but we are afraid that
Mr. Duncan, as evidenced by his article in the Union Record,
has not reached that standard of proletarian honesty.
If a plan has merit, then it does not lose by discussion. We
are sufficiently well acquainted with both Kavanagh and Pritchard to be sure that they will be prepared to go to Seattle at any
time to debate the relative merits of the O. B. U., as compared
with the Duncan Plan, with Mr, Duncan or any one else who
cares to take up the question.
Loggers Take Up
Challenge of Opponents
(Continued front page 1)
the employers, can get togothcr to
advance our mutual interests.
The camps are busy; this is evidenced by there being 13 members
in hospital, some very seriously injured.
The worker is "compensated"
by the "industry." That is, he
gets 55 per cent, of. his average
earning*) up to a maximum basis of
$2,000 a year. He loses 45 per
cent, of his earnings up to the
maximum. All above., ho loses; the
first three days entirely, He suffers
nil thc physical discomforts and
often lifetime handicaps. He pays
the bulk of thc expenses in connection with the medical attention. He
is often told by thc medical adviser
that its time he ceased being a parasite on the "compensation" fund.
That he is too long getting physically fit to aguin do his bit in industry. And yet he isn't grateful
for what has been done to him, and
thc great interest which the <
ployer takes out of him. Camp
delegates should endeavor to notify
headquarters whenever any sick or
injured member is sent to town.
Every preference should be given to
Bt, Paul's Hospital, as this is the
best equipped, and whenever possible tlie member should enquire of
lieudquurtcrs ns to the doctors.
It is timo the members decided to
make some of the employment agon
dies toe the line. As soon us possi
ble tbey will all be put out of bus!
ness, not by tho boss, but by the
logger himself; in thc meantime
blacklist those who nre willing to
sond scabs to unfair jobs, and do
your business with thoso who will
pvu a square deal,
On the Ono Big Union  and  si
Ex-Soldiers' and Sailors'
Labor Council of Canada
Vancouver Local No. 1
The above organization commenced operations under the namo of tho
"B. C. ex-8oldiors and Sailors Labor Club." After a few skirmishes
with the enemy, it was decided that
the appendi "Club" was not strong
enough artillery, giving the impression that it was more of a pink
tea party than a revolution;) ry bod v.
Thorefore tho word "club" wak deleted and the word "council" added. t At the last moeting it was again
decided to alter the name, this time
from "B. C." to that of "Canada'"
the reason for this second change
being that it was not dorsircd to
give the "bosses" any chance of
starting an organization say lti Alberta and giving it the title 'of the
Alberta Soldiers and Bailors Council, thereby negating tho work that
it boing done to form one organisation throughout Canada.
On Sunday, May 18, at 2:3(f,p:m.t
doors open at 2 p.m., in the National
Theatre next to the Columbia,, the
initial propaganda nieeting will be
held, which the men are determined
shall bo the first of many, for they
realize the urgent necessity of
spreading the gospel of working-
class knowledge among returnod men
who aro workors, in order to bring
about tho desired change in human
society as speedily as possiblo.
Tho chair will be taken by a member of thc council who has just returnod from overseas, Comrade Kinney. The speakers will bo Chas.
Lestor and J, Kavanagh, both well
known to tho labor movement of
Vancouver. It may be nows to some
but Chas. Lestor has had a son
wounded in this war, and J. Kava-
nngh is an old service man, having
served twelve years in the British
army, and also saw service in the
South African war. Therefore Kavanagh woll knows and thoroughly:
understands the position an ez-serv-1
ice pmn finds himsolf in on his roturn to civil lifo and conditions that
confront him.
All ex-service mon are invited to
attend. A considerable length of
time will bo given over to discussion and questions and furthermore,,
it is essential that all ex-service men
who are workors, do got down to
bed rock and get a clearer and moro
concise understanding of what they
are up against.
For tho benefit of roturned men'
who are desirous of becoming members, it would be as well to state
that regular business meetings will
be hold every Monday night at B.
p.m. Also that it is intended to have,
a speaker address these meetings at I
D p.m. as often as- possible, when
the meeting will be thrown open to
the general public. Last Monday
Chas. Lestor gave a very interesting tulk on returned soldiers and
working class problems. Noxt mooting will bo addressed by W. A,
Pritchard so wako up all ex-service
mon who toil in order to livo, and
got on your hind legs and support*
the ex-Soldiers and Sailors Labor
For any information enquire at 61
Cordova St.', W.
Vancouver Trades ana Labor
Friday, May 18, 1894
Johh Bumble presided,
Geo. E. Corbould, M. P., wrote
that he had presented petitions from
Trades and Lnbor Council to House
of Commons,
Allen K. Gray, deputy collector
Labor statistics, sent copies of the
B, C. Labor Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1894). Received with
Labor Day mutters discussed.
State of'trade still dull.
Proposed to Havo Ono Agont for
All Carpenters
Locals r;''
The A. S. of the U. B. Carpenters,
held its regular mooting on Tuesday evening, there was a largo n^:
ber of members present. The drawing for the kit of the late BrotW
Jack Halliday was made, Brother T.
Pigg of North Vancouver wus $1$
winner, ovor $100 was raised iii
this manner for tho widow jft.
Brother Halliday. 1, .-
Tho question of a business agent
was under discussion and it was de*
cided to endeavor to have a joint
agent representing locul 017 und tho
A. S. local. It seemed to be tho
opinion of tlie members, that with
the nuw movement taking definite
shape, that, it was none too soon to
sturt tbe elimination of frills, und to
solidify the carpenters even before
the now organization tabes definite
hour questions, as far as the voto
is counted at thin timo there aro
203K for and 28 against the O.B.U.;
1325 for, 7*1 against the Bix-hour
day, and 10113 to 26 for tho adoption of the preamble of tho constitution.
Soldier Roughly Treated
by Officer—Now Home
for Celebration
A sergeant was given the usual
order to report to tho orderly room
for instructions. Tho instructions
wOo given by the adjutant in detail to the effect that the sorgeant
proceed with one man as escort and
deliver a certnin prisoner to his
unit in the field.
The sergeant was given written
orders that tho prisoner be handcuffed to the escort and that should
he lose him a field general court-
martial would bo tho result. The
littlo party, therefore, proceoded to
the station, and in duo timo thc
train pulled in nnd, seeing a second-
class compartment. empty, thc ser-'
geont took possession. This was travelling in luxury, ns cattle trucks
were the prevailing moans of transportation for Tommy Atkins.
Once on board the train tho little
party commenced to get acquainted,
und it was ascertained that the prisoned had beon on leave in England
after two years steady grind in tho
advanced areas and had, through a
little indiscretion, overstayed his
leavo two days. Ho was on his way
to Victoria Station to entrain on his
roturn to -Franco when a- "Bed-
cap" demanded to see his pass. Seeing that the man was two days late,
this over-zealous officer took him iu
charge. Ho was sont bnck to France
under escort to be disposed of by
his own 0. C.
Learning the story, tho sorgeotit
immediately removed the handcuffs,
and by this timo tho train had arrived at a military depot.
The compartment in whioh they
were travelling was supposed to accommodate eight persons, and a
bombastic little officer, seeing only
three other ranks in tho compartment, opened the door and ordered
the sergeant and his men to get
out and movo into a box-car pull-
man, as he (the officer) had some
German prisoners to put in the
second-class coach. This was more
than the sergeant could stand, and
thoroupon told the officer that he
would see the Germans in (you
know where) before he would move
his men to a cattle truck to accommodate a buneh of Germans. Of
courso all kinds of threats were
made, but the sergeant held his own,
with the result that the Gorman
prisoners were crowded in with tho
Canadian party.
It is needless to say that the Germans had a lively time of it and
livod in fear and trembling until
their des,.nation was reached. In
due timo the party arrived at ita |
destination, the prisoner being some .
five weeks iu transit from England
to the field, and whon his story was
told to tho O. C. wus given his freedom and told to report to his com-
Straw Hats
and Panamas
They're here, and
there is one among
them to suit your particular fancy. The
prices are quite reasonable.
and a variety of
shapes that are sure
to please.
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
"Oh Papa!"
A Screaming Comedy
Don't miss itl
Prices:   15c, 35c and 50c
* Next Week
Other Big Features
"Oh, Papa" Ib At the Empress
"Oh, Papa,'' a rip-roaring comedy
that will make you all sit up and
tako notice, will havo its flrst Canadian production at the Empress
Theatre next week, ond Margaret
Marriott will bo seen in Blanche
Ring's famous part. The story is
one continual mix up, and every
character of the big cast is doing
something every moment tho curtain
is up. A number of extra specialties are introduced in one of the
scenes, and the many novel situations will afford the Empress fun*
makers excellent opportunity for
their very best work.
This play had nine months run on
Broadway and not only mnde a fortune for* Blanche King, but for her
managers as well.
At the Pantages
Ruth St. Denis, considered by
many to bo America's foremost in
torprotive dancer, wilt be the special
headline attraction of the new bill
at Thc Pantages, opening with tho
matinee performance Monday. She
is presented by Managor Alexander
Miss St. Denis this season is appearing in what is declared to be
her loveliest and most artistic offer*
ing of Par Enst dances. Her erper
toiro consists of dances originating
in Greece, Java, Korea and Egypt.
Accompanying her aro Doris Humphrey, Betty Horst, Edna Malone
and Penrl Wheeler. As usual, thc
scenic, costuming and lighting effects will be a notable feature of
her performance.
This is the first tour of Miss St.
Denis over the Pnntages circuit, and
also the Jlrst time she ever has appeared at popular prices.
Other acts on thc programme will
include: Alice Teddy ,trained bear;
Race and Edge, comedians and eccentric dancers; William Abrams
and Agnes Johns, ormer stock favorite in "The Unexpected Witness,"
comedy drama; Joe Reed, the musical Italian and Caits Brothers and
Beatrice, dancers and singers.     *,#
Contributions to the O. B. U.
Propaganda Fund
Previously acknowledged ....$1209.87
X. Y. Z. Phoenix '.  3.00
Ernest Profit   2.00
W. H. Madden, North V'c'r 50
A. Paulson, Michel, B. C  2.00
McKinnon, Michel, B. C... 1.00
J. Tupper, Michel, B. C  1.00
J. Davey, Michol, B. C  J.00
L. Aquino, Michel, B. C - 1.00
* Altoniare, Michel, B. C... 1.00
A. Supporter, Michel, B. C... 1.00
Local   2334,   United   Mine
Workers, Michol, B. C  15.00
A. E. Medley, Saskatoon  2.00
Jack McMillan Has a Daughter
Jack McMillan, secretary of -the
Painters and Decorators, is going
around with a million dollar smilo
these days. The reason being a fino
daughter, which came on the scene
on Monday last. Jack served with
the C. E. F. for nearly four yoars,
twenty-six and a half months of
which were spent in France. While
overseas Jack caught the disease and
got married, and brought his bride
back with him when he returned
in October last. Good luck Jack, but
many muckles make mickle, and the
cost of living is still going up.
Have you spoke to your friend
about subscribing?
pany. He is homo now and intends
to participate in tbe big "Home-
coining Jubilee" of the Comrades
of the Great War. *•*
Union Bank of Canada
Paid Up Capital and Deserve $   8,999,792
Total Assets, over  139,000,000
Special atttntlon paid to SA VINOS AOOOUNTB and out-of-
town eustomen.   Safety deposit boxes to rent.
Vancouvor Brunches:
Halting, and Blctarda, Cordova and Abbott Streets, Mount
"The House Behind the Goods"
Deeds rovoal tlie station of the man, no matter
what the tongue speaks.
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do you know
that the next striko in Vancouvor is going to bo an
It will be the greatest striko
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in the SUB-
Don't wait until "EVERYBODY" knows thero is oil in tho
Frasor Valley.
All the Directors of this Compsny
sre, or formerly were. UNION men,
representing FIVE different Unions.
They know your position, therefore
you are assured of ■ straight deal.
The SURREY OIL CO. shares are
the best buy in the elty. Call and
I will prove it. LIMITED ISSUE, 5
cents per share.
Small capitalisation, lain holdings.
Get your orders ln QUICK. Can
only bo obtained from
G. Gatheral Fleming
Phona Sey. 4317
Open till 9 Saturday evening
Clients who patronize my
offices can be absolutely
Evory modern method
known in the acienoe of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Evenings 7 to I
o'clock. Dental Nnrw la
Ovor Owl Drag Store
Phono Ber. 6238
Bank of Toronti
ASMUl  $84,000,00
Deposits    83,000,00
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Barings Account may I
opened at The Bank of Toronl
in the name of two or moi
persons. In these accounts elthe
party way sign oheqnes or depot
money, for the different membel
of a family or a llrm a Joint accoui
Is often a great convenience. Interei
is paid on balances.
*- Vancourer Branch:
Corner Hastings and Cambie streel
Branches at;
Victoria,   Merritt, Hew Westmlnstt
116Q Georgia Strut
Sunday services, 11 B.m. Bad T.90 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Fret reading room,
801-908   Birks   Bldg.
If you wnnt your motorcycle or
bicycle overhauled or rewired *_
renaonablo prices, uay us it visit.
We btly ami Bell used machines of
all kinds.. Wo repair sewing machines. Lawn mowers sharpened. Oet
our prices  before  buying,
342 MAIM ST.   (near Hastings)
Seymour   2751
Our Selling Systen
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pos
sible consistent witl
Two Stores: *
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Can YOU sell our Siokness and Accident Policies I The eost Is small
{$1.00 per month and up), tht benefit
ia large.
(All nccidents and every known diseaso covered.)
We give good service, and need good
men to represent us ia ail parts ol
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Co.
Sogers Building       Vancourer. B. O,
Bint vp Phono lejnnour 13M for
Dr. W.J. Curry
Silt. SOI Dominion BllMtOf
.....itty  16, 1910
Hastings West
Opp. Pantages
Cal-Van Pointedly Meeti the Demand for the
Beduction in the High Oort ot Living
It ia a body-blow to Food Profiteers. It eliminates
all the Middleman's Profits. It offers you the
ohoioe Foodstuffs fresh from tho Produoer daily. It
is centrally located—Hastings Street, opposite
Pantages Theatre—enabling you to shop from any
part of the Oity. It offers the Vanoouver Housewife
an opportunity to save fully one-third on many of
the Necessities of Life.
Come in Saturday—look around—compare Prices—
and note the Savings.
Ohlldren tinder Weight
Now Tork. — Beoords of child
health organizations just made public show that et least 33 per cent
of the childron of tho city are moro
than 6 per cent under weight. Tho
roport declares thai there underweight children are supocptible to
contagious diseases end explains
why epidemics sweep the city at various times of thc yoar. Many children, the report says, who ore found
to be under weight show plainly the
results of undor nourishment,
"If a child is below the propor
woight after it roachos the age of
12," the report lays, "tho chancos
aro much against it evor becoming
Patronize Foderationist   advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Rejected the Award
Sheboygan, Wis.—The   American
glde and Leather oompany snd thc
adger State Canning company
have refused to accept an award by
the national war labor boa(d and
which applies to employes who are
members' of the United Leather
Workers International union. The
Badger company is an Armour concern.
Tor Sent at 832 Prior St.—First-
class cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, excopt bedding
and utensils; insido sinks, and electric light. This is a clean and quiot
place, suitable for men why can afford to pay a littlo higher rate than
is charged for some cabin apart
eleventh m>, **»■..%*?'   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDEItAttONIST     VAscotrvai,».e*
We Have Just Received a New Shipment of
These are the best tools that
are made and we always have a
complete stock of them.
J. A. Flett, Limited
389 Hastings Street West
Are you ln favor of th. adoption of the following as a Preamble to
the Constitution:?
Modorn socioty Is divided into** two classes:—Capitalist and Wngework-
ing, with interosts entirely opposed to eaoh othor.        ,
The presont order gives to the capitalistic olass In an evcr-incroasing
supply of wealth and to the wagoworkes an ever increasing measure of
degradation and misery.
Therefore, a strugglo goes on between these two classes.
As sellers of labor power, tho workers aro compelled to organize industrially, without regard to race, creed or color, not only in order to
obtain better conditions, and to resist tho ruthless exploitation by capital,
tut also to educate its members to thoir olass position in society, so that
they shall bo able to take over the industries and to use them in the
Intorests of the whole community instead of as at present for tho benefit
Of a few,
Are you ln favor of either of the propond amendments te the Constitution?!
1, That no ono taking a contract shall ba eligible for membership,
2. An amedmont to above proposal has been mado as follows:
Persons taking contracts or adopting any means of exploitation with the
Object of employing other parsons aro not eligible for membership,
TES.,..  NO	
> That any person who performs a socially-necessary function in tho
lumbor industry, or in a construction camp, is eligible for membership.
Question No. 1
Are you In favor of severing your affiliation with your present International Graft Union, and Incoming part ef One Big Industrial Organisation
of all workeri?
Mark your ballot with an X—TES  NO............
question No. 3
Are you ln favor of a general strike to establish a six-hour working day?
Mark your ballot with an X—TES       '    NO.......:.
If you do not receive sn official ballot by May 10th, uso the one In
Damp Worker or PederaUenlst,
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorised.
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets  _,
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 14.000,000
...$ 15,000,000
818 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
Also branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelvo branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Comer OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Corner Granville and Pavie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commeroial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street,
2016 Yew Street.
Cornor Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole,
Also—North Vancouvor, New Westminster and 27 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account oa which interest is paid half-yearly
at current ratos,
WOS. PEACOCK, 0, W, rBAZEE, Vancouver,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor for B. O.
First Effort to Reduce
Hours of Labor to 8
Made in 1817
Tho struggle of labor, from tht
early days of tho wage ayatein to
th. present, has been, for the most
part, a struggle for shorter hours
of work. Shorter houra to conserve
health, shorter hours in the Interest
of tho home, shorter hours to preserve the happiness and well-being
of society, The movement of short,
or hours began in Eugland. Thorold
Sogers in hit "Six Centuries of
Work and Wages" states: "It ia
plain that the day waa one of oight
hours. , . . The artisan who it
demanding, at this time, an eight-
hour day in the building trades it
simply striving to recover what hit
ancestors worked for four or Ave
centuries ago."
Thc length of the workday was
materially extended. During the Iat*
tor half of th eighteenth ond tho
beginning of tho nineteenth centuries, tho hours of labor were practically unlimited. The ordinary workday of tho English artisans was from
12 to 11 hours. Textile manufacturers exacted a much longer day. At
this time, mills were run day and
night—children were obtained in
groups from the poor law guardians
and worked in two sets, lodged in
sorts of pens with one set of beds
one sot of children occupying the
beds while the other set worked,
and vice versa. The childron were
earriod from tho beds to the mills
and from tho mills to the beds. Tho
conditions wcro equally deplorable
among the adult workers. As lato
at 1840 half-naked mon, womon and
children workod lu tho mines of
Groat Britain as long as 10 hours a
The flrst organized effort to reduce the workday was made by the
London bookbinders in 1700. Within
six years they had succeeded in topping off one hour, nnd still another
hour eight years later, and in the
next two years another half hour.
Thus 80 yenrs ngo the London book-
binder* won for thomselvcs a 10-
honr day.
In 1830 Bichard Osier, known as
the "factory king," was"converted
to the donmnds of labor anoVcarricd
on an agitation for a 10-hour day,
suffering bitter persecution nnd imprisonment.
The flrst proposal to securo nnd
oight-hour day for factory omployes
was made by Bobert Owen in 1817.
When little children were compelled
to work 15 nnd 16 hours a day in
tho textile mills, it is little wonder
that Bobert Owon was discredited
as a visionary seeking a Utopia. Ho,
however, established a regular 10-Hi-
hour day in hiB mills at New Lanark
and ho lived to seo a 10-hour day
mado universal in the textile industry.
In 1S33 nn act was passed limiting the hours of children under 13
years to 48. hours per week. A law
making 10 hours a day's work wos
passod in 1847.
In 1800 there was a revival of
the nine-hour movemont, but tho
duBtrial depression of tlmt period
prevented any tangiblo results. The
act of 1874 rcdtieed tho hoars in
all tcxtilo trades from GO to 56 a
During 1888 the shortor day movement receivod great impetus, thc
new sense of solidarity in tho ranks
of labor, which was so marked a
feature of tho match makers' striko
in 1888, led to the formation and
extension of trade uniona among
workers who were either unskilled
or who hnd, for other reasons, hitherto beon without organization.
These unions invariably adopted
an eight*hour programme.
In November, 1888, the "Gas
Workers nnd Genoral Laborors' un*
ion" demanded a reduction from 12
to oight hours and practically all
tne gas works in the British Isles
enpitulatcd without a strike. Thero
waa no reduction, but in some in*
stances an incroase of wages.
On Moy 1, 1800, occurred tho first
International eight-hour day demonstration.
An Eight-Hour league was formed
in Melbourne, Australia, in 1856, by
the allied trades. Notice was im*
mediately given that "after tho 21st
day of April, 1856, no man belonging to the unions represented would
work for more than oight hours
The solidarity of labor wat such
that in three weeks tho point was
won, and to this day April 22 is recognized as a holiday and known as
the "Eight-Hour Day."
In both Queensland and New Zealand tho lower house, elected by
manhood suffrage, passed eight-hour
laws, but the upper houses, ropro-
sonting the propertied classes, re
jcetod tho samo.
Tho Social Democratic party of
Germany has persistently agitated
for an eight-hour day. The Taw of
1877, supplemented by tbe law of
1887, passed the reichstag, prescribed a maximum of 10 hours por person under 16. In 1888 the minera in
the Westphalian coal mines struck
for an eight-hour dny, aocurcd 1m-
preial intervention and won.
Switzerland has a constitutional
provision granting "the legislative
right, of the nation in its political
organization to limit the working
day." Th. federal faotory law limits workdays to 11 hours, and on
Saturdays and holidays to ton.
In tho United Statos, at tho beginning of tho elghteonth century, a
12-hour workday generally obtained
among artisans. It was vastly different among the textile workers.
In New England the mils run 13
hours a day.
An organizntion was effected in
1831 at Boston to secure a 10>hour
day. In April, 1840, President Van
Buren proclaimed a 10*hour day in
tho Navy Yard and all national institutions. This became general in
all. tho shipbuilding establishments.
In 1845, the lirst national Indus*
trial convention was bold in New
York, An organized, concerted action was begun for a 10-hour dny.
The flrst law enacted on the subject wus in 1840, when tho Pennsylvania legislature provided that "10
hours shall bo a day's work in cotton, woolen, siik, pnper-bagging and
flax Industries."
On Juno 24, 1860, Genoral Banks
introduced an oight-hour bill in congress. It passod the house and ten-
ate, was promptly signed by Grant
and speedily enforced in the Navy
Yard.  Wagea wero, howover, reduc*
Deplorable Housing Conditions in Lanarkshire
[Mr. John Bobertson's Beport.]   ' 'wife and seven children, alto sev-
At one of the sittings of tht Coal
Commission, in Oreat Britain, Hr.
John Bobertton, chairman of tkt
Scottish Union of Mine Workers,
said that mining wat admitted to
be a dangerout occupation, but
even by persons living in mining
districts the danger wat not fully
realized. The numbtr of persons
employed in and about the mlnet
of tht United Kingdom wet fully
1,000,000. Fifty-flve thousand had
been killed in 80 yaart, and fron
1907 to 1916 thtrt wai a total of
18,400 killed. Persons injured in
1013 totalled 170,868, and ia 1014,
158,801. In 20 yean there was a
total of at least three and a quar*
ter millions, Mining wat more
deadly than war,, said Mr. Bobertson; the miner was always on active
service; always in the tranches. Tht
totals given did not include what
tho miner paid by disease contracted in hit occupation. What did he
get In reward! Previoui to the war
and during the war the minor could
not get a decent standard of living
from the point of view of food and
clothing, education, housing, leisurt
tnd recreation. For suoh classes at
datallers or oncoat men and tht surface workers, mining was a sweated
Industry. Waget were not keeping
pace with the cost of living. According to calculations made by Professor Ashley of Birmingham university,
from Board of Trade figures, wagea
were falling behind the cost of living. The cost of living ovor Ave
years had increased by 3s. 0d., whilo
wages rose by only 2s, 3d. Even in
pro-war time the minor could not got
a sufficiency of nourishing fond, Tne
avorage income por person in tha
cases investigated was 6s. 6d. per
Housing in Lanarkshire
Discussing housing, tho witness
said that it was not a land question
ns often stated. Bad housing exist*
ed in mining villages whero tno land
was cheap. Houses were too small,
most of thom wero badly constructed and insanitary and improvements
in the surroundings were nil. The
ownors seemed to considor it essential to destroy all the natural beauty
of colliery villages. Few would disputo the assertion that the miner
should have as good if not better
housing accommodation: than other
workmen. Thoy worked undor unnatural conditions, away from sunlight and fresh air. Housing in all
tho mining districts was bad, but
some were worse than others. The
percentage of tenements with more
thon two persons per room was 28.0
in Durham and Northunberlnnd as
against 0.1 in England and Walos.
Mr. Bobertson put in tables of comparative overcrowding in the mining
districts of England and Wnles,
showing, ho said that a much larger
proportion of mining population lived in two and three-roomed tenements than was the caso elsewhere
Thus oven in England and Wales,
whieh were admittedly bettor than
Scotland, ono iu every ten persons
wus living in conditions of overcrowding. In certain villages of
Durham this was truo o^ four out
of every ton persons. In Scotland,
said the witness, housing was very
bad, as waa shown by the report of
the Housing Commission and previously by the medical officers' report.
Conditions had been even worso
since tho medical officers reportod
thom very bad in 1010.
Ho gavo Lanarkshire as a samplo
of Scotland. Between fifty nnd sixty
thousand persons wero employed. In
tho uppor ward, 25.8 por cent of tho
houses were occupied by miners; in
tho middle ward, 44.4, and tho lower ward, 15.0. Of the 24,000 houses,
7,242 were owned by the mine-owners, ovor 1,000 by minors and 12,090
were rented. The aroas and population were.
Upper Ward, acres 327,013
Population    48,000
Middlo Ward, acres 186,268
Population 198,000
Lower Ward, acres     26,591
Population    55,000
era! houses three men, one woman
and two children.
.yilsyth (Stirlingshire) — Population, 7,908; overcrowded, 71.6; liv*
ing in one-roomed houses, 26.1,
ArraiduU. (Linlithgow) overcrowded, population 4,627, overcrowd, d; 77.5 bving in houses ot
one room S7.1; one-roomed houses,
dimensions, 15ft. by l«t. by lift,
from which matt bt deducted lift,
hy 4ft. for two recess bods. Coal
stores, it is in tuoh houses that the
co.lt art stored undtr tho bed. Mr.
Justine Day nid, "Drink it the
shortest way out of Mnntlieitor."
Need we wondtr that mon and. worn*
en take tha shortest way out of
these villages!
James Nimmo and Company (Sir
Adam Nimmo, chairman National
Association of Coalownert) — Holy
town Mine, medical offlcen' report:
"Holytown Mlno, 438 employed, 107
two-apartment houses, one storey
brick built; no damp-proof course,
no garden ground, sculleries used as
wash-houses; no boilers, 86 pail
privies, 18 open ash pits.
Longrlggond — Tht mineownert'
houses number 241, and art described in Ave groups as follows; 20
houses of one apartment; 58 houses
of two apartments, tingle storey,
brick built, erected 30 years ago;
no damp-proof course; plastered
brlck, internal Surface of damp
walls. No wash-houses, no coal cellars, four open privy middons; six
open ash pits in front of the houses
at a distance of from IS to 20 feot.
Action has beon taken by M. O. with
regard to insanitary conditions of
Eost Longrigg—22 houses of one
apartment; 50 houses of two apartments, *
EastOeld Bows — 20 houses of
one apartment; 40 houses of two
apartments. Tho same description
applies and tho M. 0. had then decided to take action because of thc
insanitary condition of tho houses.
is wanted for tht accommodation of
tht living."
The sympathetic reading ef thia
Inal passage by the chairman moved deeply the crowded gathtrlng,
aad when the tlltnee wat broken by
Mr, Balfour, who wet the (nt ia-
vlttd to question the wttnett, kit
comment teemed tht only natural
one to be made in the circumstances.
lew Coet fer Intuianot
Olympia, Wath.—Since the State
Workmen't Compensation law bt*
camt effective ia 1014, the industrial
accident commission has received
from all teuroet 88,007,081, which it
haa disburstd ia tke count of business at an administrative expente ef
only 8.17 per cent.,.tke balanet be*
Ing available fer the payment! ot
claims of working men injured in
Oregon induttry. During the ytar
1818. there wen 18,188 workmen Injured In induttry in tht ttatt, 181
of the accident! being fatal.
Vancouver Unions
ecutire committal: Praaldant, t.
Winch; vica-praaldaat, 3. Kavtosib;
tresiunr, I*. Knowles; terittnt-at-araa,
W. A. Altsaaatr* Inutna, W. A. Frit
chard, W. H. Cotlrtll, 0. Hardr, H. Oat
t«M»; aaeralerr, V. a. Mldil.r, ttaam
aio Liber Ttmplt.
AiLt.fl nnmm utau &>_
cil—Metis attend Monday la Iks
month. Preildent, J. F. McConnell; see*
relirr. B. H Metlrtdi, P. O. Box SS.
tlonsl Unloa of America, Local No.
110—Meeti sietad and fourth Tueids/i
ia tht month, Boom SOS Ltbor Temple.
Preildent, C. E. Herrltt; ncrettrr, 8. H.
Ortnt, 880 Ctmble Street.
•nd Iron Ship Bullden and Helpen of
Americi, Vancouvtr Lodge No. ltd—
Meets every Mondty, t p.m. Preildent,
M. A, McEachern, 1245 Alberni St.; lee*
rotiry*treliurer, Angus Fraier, 1161
Howe Street; buitneu agent, J, A.
Moore, Hoom 0X2 Ltbor Temple.
tnd Reinforced Ironworkers, Loctl 07
—Meeti leeond snd fourth Mondaya.
Preaident Jaa. Haatinga; .flnanclal tec*
retiry tnd treaiurer, Roy Maaaecar, 1540
12th Ave. Eaat.
In tho Uppor Ward there were:
Houses of ono apartment, 221; two
apartments, 870; threo apartmonts,
47; four apartments, 19; with gardens, 625; common washhouscs, 209;
private washhouscs, 508; no wash-
houses, 446; having conl cellars outside, 941; having coal cellars inside,
16; no coal cellars, 206; without any
convenience, 75; slop sinks outside,
50; slop sinks insido, 305; without
slop sinks, 809.
Middla Ward: 35,000 miners and
thoir families resident in 17,000
houses. Apartments number and si.o
of houses set forth in plans submitted under bylaws regulating the
building of houses 11 yours, 1898, to
1908; One apartment house, 1,336;
two apartment houses, 6,107; three
apartment houses, 1,511; four apartment houses, 1,159; total, 10,717.
Medical officers' report: These statistics relate to all classes of tho
community, tho greater population of
ono and two apartment houses occupied by minors.
Hamilton Overcrowding
Bofore dealing with the medical
officers' reports of mining villages
proper I will deal with a few indut*
trial towns to show that tht evil it
general. Tho population of Hamilton it 38,000, a large proportion
other workers besides miners. Of
the 38,000 inhabitants 27,000 in onc
and two-roomed houses; ground occupied botwoen 300 nnd 400 acres;
with*, the whole population six per
room, average number of individuals
por house. Palace pleasure grounds
2,500 acres. Town is built mostly
on grounds owned by Duke of Hamilton.
Wlshaw (Lanarkshire) — In Wi-
ahaw 28.5 of the population lire in
houses of ono room. Number of
rooms more than five to tho room,
2,708 persons; six, 1,237; seven, 510;
oight, 190. Thore were numerous
houses witb onc apartment, husband,
od one-fifth.  Those who desired the
old wages were allowed to work 11
A general agitation for an eight-
hour day waB precipitated in 1856.
Bradstrect's estimate of the number
of strikers for shorter hours was
200.000. Fifty thousand Becurcd
their demands; 150,000 secured
shortor hours at full pay. In timo
this vantage was largoly lost.
At tho St. Louis convention of tho
Federation of Labor, held in 1888,
plans were mndo to hold muss meet,
ings in every cify on thc eight-hour
question on four days during tne following year. It was decided to strike
trado by trado, or trado at 1 time,
for on oight-hour day, on each tuo-
ceediug May Day. The carpenten
wero chosen to strike in 1890. Thty
did nnd won ln mnny cities. Tho
miners were to strike in 1891, but
lacked cohesion and solidarity, nnd
nothing particular oame of it.
Blantyre and Cambusland parishes
218 enses; housewives, 54; domestics, 13; scholars, 25; servants, 2;
minefs, 30; 168 or 78 per cent of
the cases occurred in one-apartment
ami two-apartment houses. Sleeping
accommodations, 23 had a room to
themselves, 41 shared the room with
onc person, 38 with two, 35 with
throe, 20 with four, 18 with five, 18
with six, nino with more than six
Incomes—Onc apartment houses
6s. 4d.; two-apartment houses, 6s.
8d.; fhrce-apartment houses, 9s, 3d.
Tjyo .childron under 18 counted as
one porson.
;.Arondale, East Kilbride, Glass-
fjjjd, Stonehouse, Dalsorf, Dnl.icl
nj.d Hamilton Parishes—112 ptilmon*
offi.\ Housewives, 13; domestics, 5;
mjn-jrji, 23; scholars, 21. Housing
ae(.o|iiniodntion: One - apartment
houses, 103; two, 327; threo, 104;
f.our, and over, 91; stooping accommodation: Forty had a room
to, {themselves; 19 shared the
rojin; with one other person; 16- with
tjjo, 22 with three, 14 with four; 5
mj, and two with six. In 68
cases patients were alono lu bed; in
35, patients slept with one porson;
ih Ify with two, and in four with
fj),itr. The average weekly income
was six pounds, 3s,
Bothwell and Cninbusnothun parishes, 278 cases: Housewives, 51;
domestics, 04; minors, 46; scholars,
87. M. 0. states that 81 per oent
of tho casos occurred in one and
two-npartmont housos, Of the 278
casos, 47 had n room to themselves;
25 shared with one othor person;
32 with two; 46 with threo, remainder with Ave; 118 occupied a bed
alone; 90 shared with one other; 59
with two; 9 with threo; two with
four. Average weokly income was
0s. 9d. head.
New Monklnnd, Old Monkland and
Shotts parishes, 202 casos: Housewives 42; domestics 3; servants 7;
miners 39. Accommodation, 60 in
one-apartment housos; 110 in two;
9 in throo; 13 in four and over; 9
in institutes. Of tho 992 cases, 10
had a room to themselves; 29 shared
with ono othor person; 36 with two;
100 with three; of tho 208 casos only
57 slept alone. Average income, 5s.
lid. per hoad.
' The county of Lanark has spent
on buildings bctweon three and four
thousand pounds. "The cruelty of
it is," said witness, "not only tho
spending of the monoy, but those pa*
tients when improvement takes
place, are sont back to the houses
whoro they contracted the disease."
Death Bate
Infantile mortality under 12
months: Lanarkshire (80 years),
189M910: Born, 188,531, of whioh
22,270 died before 12 months.
Blantyra, 143 por 1000; Bothwell,
140 per 1000; Bollshill, 156 per 1000;
Holytown, 142 per 1000.
Sanatoria Oost
It hns been calculated that botweon tbrte and four hundred thousand pounds havo been spent on sanatoria buildings. "Think of the
condition in these single rooms, pit
clothes drying in front of the Art,
same room, whore the family tleep;
sickness, accouchciuents. How can
the childron have a chance. After
the woman has spent her day clean,
ing miners come home from work,
and it has got to be done over again.
Do we wonder when the women
folks lose heart. Private enterprise
has failed. We cannot, must not
trust private landlords or coalownert. It must be done by the itate.
Thero is a legacy of bad housing, the
result of many years of greed, selfishness, nnd ignorance. I have not
calculated the cost of doing it well;
but I know the cost in bad health
aiitl' degradation. The minor ia entitled as a human being to havo a
good houso to live in amidst pleas-
arit surroundings. It is thc duty of
the, stato to provide this, and I am
convinced that the state will find,
all'somo foreseeing and humane em-
pldyers who provido this havo found
that it is tho best possible investment.   '
Mr. RobbrtHon concluded with a
long quotation from Dr. Bussell, former Medical officer of tho L. O. B.
contrasting tho livos of the well-to-
do with those who live in one room*
od houses. It ended:
"Tou rich onos in your hushod
seclusion, how would you deport
yourself in the racket and thoughtless noise of tho nursory, in the
lient nnd smells of your kitchen, in
tho steam and disturbance of your
washing house, for you would find
all these combined in a house, of
ont roomt Last of all, when you
die, you still have ono room to yourself, where in decency you can be
washed nnd dressed and laid out for
burial. If that one room wore your
house what a ghastly Intrusion you „,. ,
would bt, tho bed on which you lio Rupert, O. 0,
Local No. 617—Meeti every second
and fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. Preaident, M. McKen*
■Io; aeeretary, J. R. Campbell; busineu
agent tnd financial aeeretary, T. Thom,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Phont Sty.
218—Meett tt 440 Pender Street
West, every Mondty, 8 p.m. Preaident, H. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.;
recording iecretary. W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Street Weit; financial iecretary and
bualneaa tgent, E. H. Morriion, 440
Pender Street Welti aselatant aeeretary,
F. R. Burrows.
ployeei, Local 28—Meeta every flrat
Wednesday in the month tt 2:30 p.m.
and every third 'Wedneaday in the month
at 0:80 p.m. Preaident, Harry Wood;
aeeretary and bunnies* agent, W. Mac*
kenaie, office tnd meeting htll, 514 Pen*
der St. W. Pbone Sey. 1681. Offlce
houra:   11.to 12 noon; 2 to 5.
'a' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. Preaident, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apta., Burrard Street;
aecretary-treaaurer, D. J. Snell, 016
Dunsmuir Street. 	
B. O. LOGGERS' UNION—Affiliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council—
An tnduatritl union ot til workert In
logging tnd construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street weet, Vancouver, B. C. Phont Sey. 7866. E.
Winch, aecrettry-treliurer: legal tdvia*
ere, Messrs. Bird, Mtcdontld ft Co.. Van-
couver, B, C.; audltore, Moaara, Butttr
ft Clilene, Vancouver, B. O,
ISflHBXSBSXi;  lonOshOremiUI'B
Aaaooiatton, Loctl 8852—Offloe tnd
bill, 604 Pender Street Weit. MeeU
flnt tnd third Fridnyi, 8 p.m. Secre*
ttry-treasurer, ti. Thomaa; bnalneaa
agent, A. Hill.
Butcher Workmen'a Union No. 648—
Meeta flrat tnd third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills: recording aeeretary, Fred
Lilly; flnanclal aeeretary tnd bualneaa
agent, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets aecond and fourth
Mondaya, Room 204 Labor Temple. Preaident. J. Banforth. Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East; financial secretary nnd business agent, H. S. Nightacalea, 276—56th
Ave. Eaat, South Vancouver; recording
aeeretary, E. Weatmoreland. 8247 Point
Orey Road.   Phone Bayview 2970L,
Pkoot Stysoar OOOe
Privato Exchange Connecting AU Depertmeata.
Cash and Carry Specials in
For Week Commencing Saturday, May 17th
xnnomnu.-no.tr wecta-l-obymai. whrb
■OAF,* OAKBf, IDo-Oat Mxttl Oake **H WW
Every Purchase ef This leap
Wild Bote Peitry Flour, 10-
lb. tack  Ufe
Pride ef Vancouver Sterilised
Milk, per tin Ue
Blue Bibbon Tea, reg. 6Sc..55c
Boyal City Tomatoes, Ss, pet
tin  _ __Vie
Grape Nutt, per pkg.  lte
Nabob Best Spices, ptr tin le
Woodward't   Choict    Coffee,
reg. 45c  Ste
Boyal  Standard Flour,  24s,
for  «.«
B. ft K. Boiled Oats, 7s .47c
B. ft K. Wheat  Flakes,  per
pkg.  SOe
Shredded Wheat, per pkg..._3e
Chase ft Sanborn Coffee, per
tin  IIW
Kcllog's Erumbles. pkg 10'/gc
Nabob Tea, per lb 6SC
Maybloom Tea, por lb. ...53c
Union Hand Cloaner, tin lie
Snap, per tin „ 17c
Toilet Paper, 4 rolls  21c
Bcckitt's Blue, per pkg. ...Sc
Boyal Crown Soap, per carton .we
FelsNaptha 8>/_e
Fairy Soap, per cako  _8c
Goblin Soap, per cake  7c
Castile Soap, per cake  Sc
Oatmeal;   Fine,   Coarse   and
Medium  :. 63c
Dominion Matches, 300s ...8C
Skookum Shoo Polish,   black
or tan  *0C
Som-Mor    Sodas,    plain    or
salt  13C
Bamsay's Family Sodas ...88C
Ckrittr'i Arrowroot BUtlutt,
pkg. ITS
Brttto, rtg. Ne fee —VtVtt
Dates, per pkg. —..........Ja
Cleaned Currants, pkg. ...lie
Blue Bibboa Ptaeket, fkg.Ue
Malkin't Beat Custard  Powder, per tin ...—..........lie
Cow Brand Soda, Mb. pkg,
for  XX.. iVie
Bentoa't   Cora   Starch,
Pride of Vancouver Baking
Powder __.*)»
Dr. Price't   Baking   Powder,
per tin .S0c
Malkin'a Beit Baking Powder, per tin  Me
Colman's Mustard, Kt • -Me
Campbell's Soups .......—lte
Befugee Stringloag Beana..lte
Jutland Sardines 10c
Shrimps, per tin ...... -lB'/gO
Clark's Potted Meatt, %t7'/tC
Quakor Koiffer Peart, l:..Me
Lowney's Cocoa, "ttt .Me
Cowan's Cocoa, Hs ....... lie
Oold Medal Peaeket, .fti'Ste
Cottage Brand Peanut Butter,
por jar ——SSo
Bovril, 4-oi. bottle   .See
Clark's Fluid Beef, 20-ot. bottle ..'.  ~.-Mo
Vantoria Batpberry Jam, 4t,
for  Mo
Climax Jam, 4s Sit
Empress Marmalade, per bottle Ue
Vantoria Jam, 2s per tin."He
Irwin ft Billings Ketchup, ]
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series fi—Meeti the 2nd mil 4th Fridays
ot the month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, John Sully; flnanclal secretary, M. A, Phelps; business agont and
corresponding secretary, W. Lea. Offlee,
Room 219-220 Labor Trmple,
International union of steam
and Operating Engineers, Loesl No.
620—Meets every Monday, 7:30 p.m.,
Labor Temple, President, Dave Hodge,
077 Richards Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1022 Second Avonue West;
secretary-treasurer and business sgent,
W. A. Alexander, Room 213 Labor Temple,   Phone Seymour 7*95.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and Srd Mondays at 8 p.m. president, W. H. Cottrell; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity Street,
phone High. 168R; treasurer, E. S. Clove-
land; financial secretary and/ businoss
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clnrk Drive,
office cornor Prior and Main Streets,
America, Local No. 178—Mootings held
flrst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president
A. Beamish; recording secretary, Mrs.
F. A. Dolk, P. O. Box 608. Phone
Sey. 828IL; flnanolal secretary, Robt.
McNelsh, P. 0. Boi 508,
feur's Union, Loral No. 655—Meets
every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.
Preildent, W. M, Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenis Kast;
flnanclal secretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phone Ssy, 5S70, OBce
587 Homor Straet
Meets last Bunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vlct-
preildenl, W. H. Youhill; aeerstary
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66,
Provincial Unions
ll annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1918-19: President,
Dnncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vlee-presldents—Vancouver Island, Waltor Head, South Wellington;
Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince Rupert, W.
R, Thompson; Vancouver, E, Winch, W.
R. Trotter; New Westminster, P. Peebles; West Kootenay, Marens Martin,
Nelson; Crow's Nest Pass. W. A. Sherman, Fernle, Secrctary-treaitirer, A. 8.
Weill, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, li. C.
and   Labor   Council—Meets   flrst   and
third  Wednesdays,   Knights   of   Pythian
Hall. North Park Street, at 8 p.m.   President,    B,    Simmons;    vl<*e-preiident,    T.
secrctary-treaRiire)',     Chriillan
P. O. Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
LOOAL UNION, No. 87a, U. M. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday In every month 8
p.m., llii-hard Hall. Preildent, Jas. Bateman: vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording sscretary, Jas. Fearon; flnanclal
secretary, William MacDonald; treaiurer,
J. H. Rlehardion.
ers, Local 1777—Meots flrst and third
Mondays in I. O. O. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road Kail, at 8 p.m, President, H. II.
Foster; (Inanclal secretary, VV. O. Smith,
cor. Sutherland and Klcth Road East,
North Vancouver.
bor Council—Meets seoond and fourth
Tuesdays of eaoh Month, In Carpenters'
Hsll.   President,  W.  tt. Thompson;  see-
Huddsrhsin, Box 278, Prince
On Household Drugs
75e WUIard's Chocolates -..-ttC
350 Mlnard's Liniment  18C
60c Emulsified Cocoanut Oil....86«
600  Bovril   290
ll.oo Bitro Phosphato 700
85c Abbey's Salts  .....210
25c Tls Foot Tablets  160
75o Jad Salts Me
25o Aspirin Tablets, I dos 12c
SOe Limestone Phosphate  88fl
25o Thomas's Eclectrlo Oil ...18c
60o Febeco Tooth Pasto  SSe
60s Williams Pink Pills  SSe
25o Baby's Own Tablets  18c
SOe Reid's Ecieraa Ointment....SSe
25c Shaving Stick  He
60c Mcnnen's  Shaving Cream..280
50c Reid's Sflgo and Sulphur....38c
26c Aromatic Cascara  16e
50c Parrlsb'a  Chemical Food..2fl«
SOo Easton's Syrup  SSo
25c  Carter's Liver Pills  15c
15c Palm Olive Soap  100
$3.75 Horllrk's Malted Milk..2.89
60c A. B. B. k C. Pills  SSe
35c Reid's Almond Cream  Bio
50o Listol  „...8tt
60o Reid'i Kidney Pills  29c
26e  Fruit-atlve*   „ 17c
(War Tu Extra Whero Esquired)
Vancouver Drug Co.
401 Butlaii W. • Ser. ltai-lMt
T Haitlnu W. Sir* 9991
792 OrurlUl St. Sn. 7013
Oor. OrauTlUt tod Broadway
Bir* 0OH ud 17*14-0
41. Mtln Strut Sir. 109!
1700 Oommi-CUl Drift
High. US ud 1799-0
Owing to thc confusion In
mail ordors of this modieine,
wo sre advancing the prioe
from $5.20 to $8.50, and paying all charges. This will
give our many caitomers
quicker Hcrvico.
Sole Manufacturer
524 Mil Ar., North, SMkttoon
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forested
Corner Hastings and
Showi Row
Could Enforco Economlo Equity
Publiohod weokljr.
$1.50 i -rear to CsmJ.
"The "Almighty Dollsr", "Cooperation",   otc,   freo,   If  ytt
mention thii papor.
Box M, Lonjbnnch, Wuk.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood tar one /ear's ssbeorlplion to Tht
B. C. Federation!!!, will he nailed to
sny address In Canadft for (it.10.
(Oood anvwhero outside of Vaneouvar
city,)   Order ten today.  Remit whoa toll
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law Will Allow
We deaerro Tnd* Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or        622 Pender West
THltoroU Mount Rolwm and Jaaper Fnrka acrota tho prairiea
through the moat fertile grain holt iu tho world to Winuipog
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quobec.
CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg and Duluth for Central Statei, at
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern Statei nnd Atlantlo porta.
FINEST TRAINS, Electrio lighted, Standard and Touriat Sleeping Can, alao Dining Cara.
I'or Ratea, Ticked, Literature and Information, apply to
MS Haatinga It. W., Vaneourtr, B. O.
Phono Sermour list PAGE SIX
eleventh year No. so      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vaUcqtjveb, b. o.
Friday and Saturday
will be regular "Hoorah" days at the PABI8IAN. Look
at "the magnificent SPECIALS we have on sale those days
and—mark you—these are only samples of our values.
Everything at the "Parisian" ia best, brightest and most
Dolmans, Capes and Velvet Coatees
The rftge of tho season, in smartest styles, at heavily j
reduce, prices, ! I
|   Blue Tweed Coats
In French styles; very effective,
very fashionable.    These—of regular $26  values—will sell Friday
- and Saturday at
Only * few—come early I
The immense reception accorded
our special offering of last week
Induces a further
display. These —
in flne serges, of
values to f-tfl—go
Friday and Saturday at the nominal price  of
About three dosen
more of the samo
magnificent styles
as selling last
week, and showing values to $85,
will be offered Friday and Saturday
at the special
price of
.     _ In   tllk,  trlcol.ttt
In   Twerd,   Sergt French    C o r d t d
and     Poplin,     ot Serte,      etc.,      In
,_i.... .# *,*» rt, ,*. waltta, oluea, etc.,
valuta o   »7.50tb ,.d ,_   ,,.„.   n_
OU, aril Friday plalda. Reg. Til-
tnd Saturday at . "•• ot 1111.50 to
119.   aell  It  !nm
$4.90 to
$9.50 to
Ladies' Tailoring Co.
Opposite Colonial'
Won Half Holiday
Sfrn     Fruncisco,     Cal.—-Saturday
half holiday, with wagea- for a 48-
hour week, has been granted by the
employers of tho 24 firms involved
in tho city to tho International Lady
Garment Workers' Union No. 8.
This concession was granted after
a strike of half a day. There are
450 mon and women affected.
Thia Official tilt of Vanoouver Allied Printing Offices
BI.OCHBERQER. F. R., Sit Broadway Eaat Fairmont SOS
BRAND, *W„ 629 Pender Street Weat ......Seymonr S57B
B. C. PRINTINO It L1THO. CO., Smylhe and Homer. Seymonr 3238
(.LARK It STUART. 320 Seymour Street... Seymour 3
COWAN It BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 1483
DDNBMUIR PRINTINO CO., 137 Dunamulr Street Seymour 1108
.1EFFERY,  W. A.,  216! Parker  Street Hlgkltnd 1137
KERSHAW, J. A..  582 Howt Street Seymour 8671
LATTA, B. P., World Building „ Seymonr 1039
MAIN PRINTINO Co.. 8851 Wtin Street Fllrmout 1988
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vtncouver .». Vtn. 58
MITCHELLFOLEY,  LTD.,  129 Htatlnge Street Waat Seymour 1086
NOBTH SHORF PRESS, North Vaneouvar .*. N. Vtn. 80
J!-t£LFIC PRINTERS, 500 Beatty Street Seymour 9602
ROEDDE, O. A, 610 Homer Street _ Seymour 261
SUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street Weat Seymonr 11
ISSSSI<1AL_1'B1!S'* m<"> Building, Homer Street Seymour 8825
»?S!?*.4*-I** na 'ourteenth Avenue Eaat Fairmont 621R
X£5P_.Si*Lw.00D * °°* 818 «■"»« Street..... ....Stymour 1615
SESHI".8.?150****1-1* OO** 010 Oranvllle Street.  Seymour 8628
WHITE * BIKDON, 528 Pender Street Weat Seymou 1214
Writ* "Union Lthtl" en Your Copy Whan Ton Sand It tt tht Printtr
The Returned
Gets a Square
Deal at Johnston's
A straight Ten per cent, discount off
our regular every day low prices
T)ICK out the Shoes you like in our win-
•*• dow (they're all priced.) Get your size
and pay us the price less 10 per cent.
This applies to all returned men. All you
have to do is show the clerk your button and
ask for your discount. There's no "juggling" of prices or values here.
And remember the Shoes you get carry
Johnston's guarantee to give you every satisfaction.
We've shod the major portion of the veterans and take pleasure in affording them
every courtesy and attention. Most of
them have found the Big Shoe House a
mighty good place to change from the issue
boot back to the "civie." When can we expect a visit from you?
M tlu*<-*u)H oTuu'Bi.4 C'lcctric Bool
VANl'Otll/l ft ti CX"-'   /Tt * WtSTMINSTtR d..
Editor B. C, FederationiBt: Sir—t"Do you belong to the Switchftieft'e
For really nauseating twaddle. Union!" They never asked us, why
commend nxo to eome ox the stuff
trotted out at the opening session
of the Commission on Industrial Relations at Vancouver.
Mr. Hallam favors the idea of tho
O. B. U. providing, of course, that it
consists of and is run by the Khaki
Union; Mr. Makovski, on the other
hand, favors organizations in
groups. I would like to draw their
attention to an item in the Province
of the previous issuo dealing with
tho will of Lord Olentanar, onetime "director in the firm of J. & P.
Coats of Paisley, which has made
as much as 3,116(1,000 pounds profit in
a year." This refers to pounds, mark
you, not dollars. Now I suppose it
is safe to presume thnt thc employees of this firm had indulged in
somo of tho "collective bargaining''
as these worthy gentlemen are fond
of calling tho present happy go
lucky stylo of arranging things between employer and employee. The
thing that strikes me most forcibly
is that the bargain was all in the
favor of tho employer. He certainly must havo been able to get his
help at bargain prices.
Again that leading light of the
Province alludes to prohibition as
one of tho causes of labor unrest.
" Chairman—' You moan that if the
worker could sit down to his mug
of beer ... he would bo
better satisfied. Makovski—'Yes.' "
On the principlo, I presume,
that the mother stuffs a soother into
hor child's mouth to keep it pacified
whilo she consumes herself or puts
away out of sight tho food for
which the child is clamoring.
Boll on the time of the O. B. U.j
one brotherhood united shall change
the system.
J. A. P. J.
or what was our motive in self organization. So to inform those Who
are ignorant of the fact, I wUl Explain. First, yardmen were not' getting the representation due the'in.
Second, thcir rights were infringed
on by the trainmen doing yardmen work for a lower rate of pay.
Signed by ex-members of the
B. o? R. T.
Editor B. C, Federationist: Sir—
I havo but recently returned from
overseas after nearly four years'
absence I have attended several
labor and returned soldier meetings.
I have road the papers, past and
present, and notice with disgust
how little is said about the artillery. One would think they never
did a thing toward smashing tho
Germans and thcir nulitarism. I
have listened to a wholo lot of mud-
slinging at officers, nnd God knows
they deserve it, and if I were to unfold a few things I have personal
knowledge of I could stir up a hornets' nest, but I want to strike a
fair attitude. Without holding a
brief for tho officer caste, I must
honestly say I met some gallant and
deserving commissioned officers in
France ob well ns some of the swine
who wero not fit to wear anything
but a convict's uniform, and they
well merited the latter.
Forgive and forget is an old
adage that hundreds of returned
men are apparently living up to.
Their memory must be decidedly
bad, however, and their hearts par*
ticularly soft-jfcMhey are content to
sit in session alongside he who used
to sit in judgment upon them, handing out punishments in the interests
of discipline, that nino cases out of
ten were excessive and did not fit
the crime.
Can anyone who has ever seen a
Canadian soldier crucified to a gun
limber, or wagon wheel, by tho order of some tyrant abusing his authority, ever forget the feeling of
indignant horror that rose In their
breasts, and those daily orders that
were read on special parades when
he also was shot, was repeated time
and time again T Bid you'ever hear
of an officer being shot at 4.23 a.m.,
And now, Mr. Editor, I attended
tho famous stanipedo mooting of tho
G.W.V.A. and saw and heard the
railroading to tako Victoria by
storm, with the poor victimized,
erstwhile Private Tommy sitting
mute and dumb, taking no part in
the discussion, but merely raising
his right hand in favor, etc.
The G.W.V.A. struck a snag when
they pulled off that stunt at Cranbrook and another at Silverton.
Me thinks responsible organized
labor will yot attend the obsequies
of this political wire-pulling outfit
and will erect a tombstone composed of tin horns, and tho last line
of tho inscription will bo A, D, (All
Ex-Sergeant C.F.A. (1915-19.)
Editor B. C. Federationist Sir—
Permit me, as a reader of your noble paper, to express my views and
opinions in regard to tho treatment
accord to the craft of labor that I
am a member of by a brother craft
in regard to certain legal proceedings arrainged against us by the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen
on tho 19th >day of April, 1919, in
the I.O.O.F. Hall, Vancouver. A
few weeks ago the switchmen in
the employ of the C. P. R. organized
themselves in the Switchmen's
Union of North America. Previous
to this they were members of thc
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
but when tho time camo for the adjustment of schedules the switchmen were not given the representation they deserved. Thereforo tho
roudmen, as representatives of their
own craft, gave littlo or no hood to
thc requirements of the yardmen.
After the formation of the
Switchmen's Union hero tho B. of
R. T. took upon itself the privilege
of giving us a demonstration of its
"Democratic Autocracy" by taking
steps to have us expelled from thc
B. of R. T. because we switchmen
joined out own union, tho S. V. of
N. A.
Thc trial nt the nbove mentioned
date was the most absurd thnt I
have ever witnessed after being 20
years in the rnilwny service all over
North America. Furthermore, a
prisoner nt the Bnr of Justice for a
serious violation of the law would
never hnve been denied thc privilege of self defence, as wcro thc
accused brothers nt thc legal procedure of the B. of R. T.
To show us that they were "'good
sporty" and ulso as on implement
to weaken our cause, thoy had five
of us expelled from the brotherhood,
and the remainder, who joined the
S. A., were given 30 days to have
themselves reinstated on tho honor
roll of tho B. of R. T., and should
they refuse to hear the ofTcmle-l
they would bo dealt with as were
thc flrst Jive, by tho great and
mighty power ihe Brotherhood Of
Ruilway Trainmen. The grand old
craft of which tho grand president
nnd his joint general committee
took nwny from the yardmen the
differences between day and night
rates of pay.
Their only question asked us was,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Sir—
We hear so much for and against
the 0. B. U., and especially at this
time when there is so much labor
In this part of this fair Canada
of ours (Kingston, Ont.), May 1
was the time set for a number of
the workers to try if possible to
help in the reconstruction procoss
that the masters of industry say
must be carried on vigorously,
Tho workers see tho possibility of
a large unemployed army and nro
trying if possible to relieve the
situation by demanding shorter
hours so that there will be a greater
number employed. In Toronto thore
are something like four thousand
out with a possibility of more to
como out Monday,
In this city there iB a possibility
of tho workors or the Canadian Lo-
comotivo Company coming out next
week for an eight-hour day, and so
on down the lino, all demanding a
shorter work day. Now let us see
what the attitudo of tho employer
is regarding this vigorous reconstruction he advocates.
Mr. Merrick, socrotary of the em
ployers in Toronto, says that many
of the employers are pleased that
the men quit of their own volition.
If they had not -done so, it would
have been necessary to discharge
many of them, owing to lack of or*
ders and an unsettled world market. But he says the employers as
a body will fight the workers' demands to the last; that is something
for the workers to take notice of.
They say the employers as a body.
There isn't any room for argument
with them which would be the bost
form of organization for them. If
ia the Ono Big Union of employers.
Merrick statos further that the
present unrest and strikes aro more
political than economic. It was carried on by the red flag element.
When I read this I wanted to laugh,
but having a cold sore on my
mouth I didn't. I waa afraid of
cracking my lip.
Mr. MaoNcil in an address to the
G.W.V.A. in Massoy Hall, Toronto,
says Canada today is on tho verge
of anarchy., Thero are organized
groups whoso object Is to overthrow
constitutional authority, creato a
social upheaval, and seize the capitalist situation. Ho didn't mention
what they intended to do with it.
He gave thom what the press calls
a solemn warning. We are facing
a rovolution, which may be accompanied by forco. Ho also said thore
wore a lot of men returning from
France discontented and in an ugly
frame of mind. Woll justified by
happenings ovorsoas. That the newspapers said nothing about thc Reds
finding those men good soil ou which
to sow their seeds.
The masters are busy In press,
pulpit and platform. The international officers are Bonding lettors to
members of typographical unions
warning thom ngninst tho 0. B. U.
craft organizations in the fear that
thoy will lose their job. Another
illustration of buying over public
servants at Ottawa on behalf of
labor.   An official   of   tho   Metal
FRIDAY....... lfty 16, lMt
Trades Council.in Toronto aald he
was rery much dfcappointed that no
reply had come frtoa the Minister
of Labor to telegtttaa lent to him
requesting that he aad the labor department intervene and endeavor to
bring about»a settlement in their
present trouble.
According to the employers' organization of Toronto they have
nothing to offer in this reconstruction scheme but uncertain employment to a few, and this applies to
the employers the world over.
It is up to you, Mr. Working
Man—the bread line, soup kitchens,
or line up with an organization that
will attempt to stave off some of
the misery that the workers will
have to contend with before thoy
are in a position to take over the
means of life and use them for the
benefit of all. The 0. B. U. is the
most effective an bargaining for the
eats, but the issue should always be
clear, the world for the workors.
The Automobile Menace
By some mischance the following
letter got into our mnil this morning.—Ed.
Dear Mr. Swaddlcprog: Recently
the city press has intimated that
tho Automobile Club, tiring of
awaiting action from the city authorities, are themselves going to
stand tho expense of marking off in
whito lines, on the pavement tho
areas inside of which pedestrians
may cross tho streets.
Now, I think it requires no argument to prove that somo action along
these lines is nccossury. Only today, while coming from the C. N. R.
depot to the Hotel Vancouver, I wns
compelled to. slow down by cnr threo
times on Hastings street, and once
on Granville to avoid running info
jaywalking pedestrians; in fnct on
ono occasion, I was compelled to
stop so suddenly that, my wife's Pekinese dog was nearly thrown from
Are You Ready to Change
Your Underwear?
We have made every provision to furnish you with the
kind of Summer underwear you prefer. You ean hardly
imagine a more perfect or more representative stock than
Balbriggan underwear ia of most importance because more men
wear thia kind. You can have a good two-thread kind for as low
at 75c a garment.   Combinations, 11.50.
Pcntaim'B natural and white balbriggan, fl.00 a garment. Combinations, 12.00.
"Zimmorknit" light weight balbriggan, short sleeve and kaee
length, or long sleevo and ankle length.   Sells for 85c a garment.
White moBh underwear of Zimmerknit mako ia a very' nice line
at 75c a garment. Zimmerknit whito porous is another at the
samo price.
"Dclpark" Athletic Underwear will appeal to men who l(lt*.
iheir underwear looso fitting. Made of a ino white nainchecfc'
Singlo garments, 76c; combinations, 11.50.
Wo also havo Tooke's and W. 0. and B. Athletic Combinations
in different stylos nt prices 11.50, $8.00, »a,2« and «.25.
David Spencer, Limited
the seat.
But is tho plan purposed by the
Auto Club the bost solution of this
annoying inconvenience t I think
not.   Why should wo go to this ex
pense to protect these roadhogsl
offer tho suggestion that wo for(j«
this annoyance just now, and ii
stead, that We put a cltiaon tick-
(Continued not page)
"Do we
Be Sure to Take a StroD Down
"Regina Trench Road"
Make up your party of friends and revert back to
childhood once again! Stroll down "THE REGINA
TRENCH ROAD"—laugh, sing and dance—shoot-the-
chutes—ride the striped zebra on the whirling merry-
go-round— bump-the-buraps! In fact,- take in the
whole darn show. Let's forget the past four years of
horror—THE BOYS would have it that way—we will
celebrate the vfctory with one grand blow-off I
to Saturday, may 24th, inclusive
"The Laugh on the Rhine"
A Festival of Happiness!
A Carnival of Joy!
COME on, folks! Join with THE
BOYS that canned the Kaiser--
GUNS" that crashed their way
through to Berlin! Bring the whole
family and say, "BOYS HOWDY!"
Startling Thrills You'll
Never Forget
There will be stunts that no one will ever forget—the
most sensational breath-takers that ever made a
crowd gasp—feats that will, from sheer audacity,
startle every man, woman and child that sees them!
Aeroplanes will daily perform those death-defying
feats that have made Canada's Airmen first in all the
world! Loop-the-loop—Somersaults—Flying Upside
down—Spiral Nose-dive—Side-Slips—and other dangerous feats! Daily Balloon Ascensions! High Dive!
Sensational Triple-drop from Parachute, etc. I
...May U, Ml.
eleventh yeab. No. »      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     rANcouvBB, b. o.
Men's Suits
of Distinction
VALUES TO $45.00 for
Suits of value, combining the three most essential points in clothing-
Style, Quality and Workmanship.
For this week-end selling we are offering men's
suits comprising all these
points and equal in value
to those purchased elsewhere for
$46.00, for..
at $34.75
llgyBudson's finy (Jbmnnny ||
Granville and Georgia Streets
(Continued fron page «)
I Mra't Hattmud Outfitters
880 OranviU* Knat
611 Baatlnp BtiMt Wart
Phona Bey. 881     _v or Night
Nunn, Thornton ft Olagg
531 Homer Bt. Vancouver, B. O,
Named Shots are frequently made
in Non-union factories
_ ._*-*. .      No matter what its name, unless
jacfOty J     it bears a plain and readable im-
 V"         prcssion of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoos without tba UNION STAMP an alwaya Non-union
Do not accapt any excuse for Absence of tha Union Stamp
JOHN P. TOBIN, Proaidont CHAS. L. BAINE, Se..-Treas.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
; Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(toy aur Pea Ooal for your underfeed fumaoa)
_,    UMITED
1001 MAIN STBEET Phone Sey. 210
| Good for Health Improves the Appetite
I Everyone knows that oheap gooda can only be proonred
j by using oheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ia prodijcfd from the highest grade materials procurable
■-Oaaeade ia a UNION produce from start to finish.
in the field ai the noxt municipal
elections, and after the elections
have them pass an ordnance compel*
ling people who have no cars, to use,
for instance, instead of OranviUe
stroet, the alley between' that and
Seymour. Gates could be erected at
the points where this lane bisects
the streets, so that the auto trafflc
would not be interrupted. Instead
ot Hastings, Pender and Cordova
could be used by the uncultured
mob. Mora than one good purpose
would be served by this arrangement. The employment agencies on
the latter stroet would have a salutary effect in that they would serve
to remind pf tha necessity to work
—the second-hand stores would, similarly inculcate ideas of economy,
while tho business ef Pender atroet
would convey to their minds the
fact that riches may be accumulated
by wise investments ia real estate
and oil.
As somebody has to do the work-,
and we, at this writing, bave no
particular intention of creating any
disturbance in this direction—ex-
cept with our mouth—we" might concede a point and allow Hastings and
OranviUe streets to be used between
the hours of 6 and 8 a. m. by pedes*
trians who carry lunch baskets or
some other recognized form of nose*
bag. And anyway'this would not
inconvenience, as we have no particular taste for the raw morning air.
Having solved the difficulty in
this manner, we eould hare the polico arrest, under the Idlers Aet,
any one contravening the purposed
bylaw. Or if preferable, it could be
tacitly understood that the courts
would be Findlayed to sleep in, In
caae wa run these jays down occasionally. With everything fixed this
way, we oould have cowcatchers fitted on our cars—something on the
same principle as a haytedder, that
would pick them up and throw them
right over the top.
In case of any disposition to question our wisdom in these matters,
we could have the Sun publish an
article on Bolshevism, and also call
up the Federal members, and havo
them got the censor (who is the only
Dominion official doing anything except drawing pay) put the lid on,
under the safoty of the Realm Act.
(ThingB aro getting a little shaky
at Ottawa just now, so they will
come ahurrying whon we whistle.
Just one more thought. Is a Ford
an automobile f It seems to me that
there is somothing so plebian about
these machines that it might be desirable to exclude them from the
principal streets.
Affectionately yours,
Shaughnessy Heights.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—
We did not know there was such
a thing or such a person termed
"modical health officer" for camps
till fellow workor Winch sent us a
copy of the Health Act. And lo and
behold, a name is mentioned, a
health officer. We suppose that is
a position that has como into ex*
istenco this yoar, as far as his relations in coming into contact with
the different camps is coneerned,
which is better late than nover. For
I have been a timber beast for ten
years and I have never come into
contact with him in camp yot.
Of courso we have seen camp inspectors in the shape of a man, with
his houBO, that fits within a house,
upon his back but never the other
But here, we are just jubilant
that thore is such, a man, as a medical health officer that visits camps
now, when we occupy thom. At any
rate we reckon he will bo kept exceedingly busy for a whilo inspecting perhaps or should I say improving the sanitary conditions in all
the camps. Perhaps before he has
inspected the conditions of camps
situated miles away from his offico
through the word of our different
employers we different delogatos
wish to sec him in the noar future on
his different tours of inspection.
Delegate, B. C. L. IT.
No. 133
An Open Letter To Makovski
■01 Cordova St.,
Vancouver, B. C,
May 13,1919.
My Dear Makovski :
I am not sure whether you amuse,
or disgust me. Perhaps, it iB a combination of both and just which sensation predominates I cannot tell,
and really do not care. X have been
out of town for a few days and
therefore was not closely attentivo
to your delightful pranks. Bcally,
my dear fellow, I had tho opinion
at one time that your only troublo
was ignorance. But your tactics and
utterances compel mo to tha conclusion that deliberate and artistic
lying is also part of your stock in
trade. I hate to indulge in reminis-
oenses. But I have no alternative.
Your Bourbonish attitudo requires
stern measures. Tou have neither
learned anything nor forgotten any-
You have posed too long before
the public of this fair city as an au*
thority on Bussian affairs, on sooial
probloms, on the question of: "Ia industrial unrest directly duo to prohibition! And we have not troubled
you. You have been permitted to
persue the even tenor of your way
without let or hindrance. Tho timo
has come to call a halt. You have
gone far enough with your unbound*
ed schoolboyishneis. Modern problems demand the attention of men,
of serious thinking men, who will
be willing to sacrifice everything to
the findings of scientific research.
Thoy cannot be dealt with by gaseous foola peddling literary bunk
either fb the newspapers or aa special leaflets for the. Granby Company at Anyox. It Is not atrango
that those leaflets that deal with
Bolshevism, the relations of capital
with' labor, and most important of
all, the present Trades and Labor
Council of Vancouver, printed upon
superb paper and in excellent type,
should circulate to Anyox, and there
alone. What a crime that such vile
trash should be printed on such good
stoek and with such artistic type
face. It is but another anomaly of
the wrotched system which you uphold for the rather doubtful meal
ticket tbat eomes from selling War
Savings Stamps, and the delirious
drool that you fondly imagine is literature.
Were you reallly serious in your
statements to the commission f Did
you think you could tell them that
you had attended a meeting of two
thousand Bolshevists and create an
impressionf Are you not yet convinced that many people attended
that historic meeting and listened to
the presentation of the working clasa
position for the first time! Do you
still pose as an authority on Russia f
On unemployment! On modern in*
dustrial conditions? If so, take a
friend's advice. Either let well
enough alone or get down and. study
the matters and at least display a <
modicum of intelligence in dealing1
with subjects which working men
throughout the world are becoming
acquainted with more and more
every day.
Was it Bumble who opined that
"The law is a hassf" Surely there
is no reason (outside of the meal-
ticket already aUufled; to) why you
should try and emulate it all the
T amount of inaccuracy in the ordinary capitalist apologist, but when a
sefjbVppointod savior of capitalistic
society persists in making himself
sunejieiy ludicrous every time he
put! pen to paper or opens Ms mouth
th$,. members of the working class
can., be forgiven for making merry
over, ibis assinine antics.
\yhen you deal with history, sociology, economics, or international
tr^de and politics, kindly remember
that we are. watching and we demand—facts.
Jjf you have learned anything further' since we last met concerning
working class Bussia I shall be
pleased to take a breathing spell and
get it from you in a public meeting.
If this doesn't stop your intrepid
career you are perfectly hopeless. A
wise man knows when to talk, what
to say, and how to say it. That
probably accounts for your indiscriminate butting into- affairs that
domand intelligence and finishing up
with making a sorry mess of yourself.
Adios, dear fellow,
I am still with you,
Ignore Award
Denver—The achool'board haa Ignored an arbitration award which
calls for the reinstatement of striking engineers. The arbitrators said;
"Full investigations have proved
that .every engineer formerly employed by tha school board ia competent, but that some of those now
holding jobs left by the strikers are
inefficient and a dangerous menace
to 'Denver's young,' and millions of
dollars' worth of property."
We'always allow fo^ certain
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Sir—-
We, tho loggers hero at Rock Bay,
would Uke the other loggers through
their delegates, to express their
views and opinions in the Camp
Worker, of what they consider conditions should be in camps, and what
improvements should bo made in
conditions that arc now existing in
camps; also the ways and means we
should take, if after notifying our
employers they should refuse to better our conditions, or act indifferently to our viows about the matter.
The reason why wc wish the other
loggers to have their views expressed in the Camp Worker, is that when
wo havo the meeting of Ctiiup delegates iu July, tho meu thnt aro then
in camp can jiavc an idea of what
should be voted for and against. Because if all tho viewpoints pertaining to our conditions and the improving of same, etc., are expressed
by the different camp dolegates in
the Cnmp Workor, before the log-
gors meeting comes off in July. Then
the men reading the views expressed in the paper of the B. C. L. U.
can tell their different delegates
their views, and not his own. The
men in camp can then be truly rep
resented by their delegate at tho
meeting in July.
The Peace Conference
Lethbridge, Alta.,
May 10, d919.
Editor, B. C. Federationist: Sir—
I would like to say a few words
about what happened at the peace
eonoference a few days ago. I am
not going to discuss the Italian and
Jugo-Slavic clal*..- on Fiume in relation to tho fourteen points of
Woodrow Wilson, the statesmen
sitting at the peace table of Paris,
Wilson included, are the accredited
representatives of given sections of
capitalists, and as such can't but
act ia the Interests of those that
they represent. Neithor am I going
to discuss the rights of Italy or
Jugoslavia in relation to Ute nationality of the contended city, for
nationality is a word that cannot
havo any practical significance in
certain areas of Europe. Ouglielmo
Ferrero, the Italian historian, in one
of his articles on nationality asked
the question, "What constitutes nationality! Is it the geographical and
geological characteristic of a country that determines its hatioaality?
Is it the history and traditions of
the people inhabiting a certain areu.
or ia it the language and custom of
such neoplel" To these questions
he did not answer and he limited
himself iu saying that unless an ans
wer can be found to these questions
it can't be decided whethor Alsace-
Lorraine Bhould to to Franco or
Germany, and Dalmatia to Italy or
It is evident that behind the Jugo-
Slavic claim there iB the "Cunnrd
Line," and other capitalistic intorests that expect ,to develop the port
and get the commerce of the Hinterland. On tho other sido there
are the interests of the Italian capitalists that will need markets for
their products as soon as Italian industries can be put on a producing
basisj and can't afford to lot such
promising fields, as the newly-formed states, go to othor hands. Com-!
bincd with theso conflicting capi-'
talistic interests there are political
and dynastical reasons. The Italian
intellectual bourgeoisie belonged,
since its birth, to the Mazzinian republican school, but seared by the
advance of social revolutionary
thought during tho last decade of
last century it becamo allied with ;
the Savoyard monarchy. The capitalists of Italy know very well that
any revolutionary movement in Italy
has as its object not. only the elimination of the Vatican and the Quri-.,
nal, but also that of the present
system of production and-distribution of wealth. So, when Wilson appealed to tho Italian people, I don't
think that by people he meant the
conscious proletariat, ho appealed to I
those whose intorests woro left in
the hands of Orlando and Simino,
and from them he could not expect j
any other answer than thc onc hoi
As far as the conscious proletariat *
of the peninsula nro concerned they I
have no more faith in the so-called
Wilsonian principles than -they have
in tho old diplomatic school aB represented by Italy's delegation at
Paris. They know perfoctly well
that there is only one way to salvation, and that is the Russian nnd
Hungarian way. Far abovo all theso
bourgeoisie quiirrolls they are preparing for their day which can't be
very far.
Now tho quostion comes to
mind: Can the diplomats at Paris
solve tho nationalist probloms that
formod thc idcalogical pnrt of the
Allied war programme? If Fiume is
given the Jugoslavia would not thc
24,000 Italians living there bc compelled to Hvo under foreign rulef
And if given to Italy wouldn't tho
Slavs have to live under a government which is not of their choice?
And how about the Saar Basin,
whose inhabitants are all Gormans
by language and race* No, the bourgeoisie delegates at Paris can't solve
any of the many problems confronting thom because they can't act but
in the narrow circle of class institutions and according to fixed capitalistic interests. Lot the proletarians of Italy and Jugo-Slavia follow
thc footsteps of communistic Russia and Hungary and there will be
no sueh a thing as the Adriatic problem. That soa will be tho natural
way through which tbe peoples living on the western and eastern
shores will exchango the products of
labor freely produced by free men
and women. As the advent of positive science expelled from the cultured minds the supernatural superstition,' so the advent of international communism will expell from the
mind of man the idea* of paatriotism.
Patriotism, even in its highost idoal-
istio form, in the last amlyiin, is
nothing but an undevolepou and narrow viow of things, a superstition
and a prejudice.
lours for ours,
Albany, N. Y.—Tho state assembly has defeated tho compulsory
health insurance bill, which waa
approved by the Senate. The measure made it mandatory for employers who employed eight or more
workers to carry health insurance
for them, the cost to be divided
equally between the employer and
the employed. The Senate has
passed the assembly bill that pro.
vides for the three-platoon system
for flre fighters, to becomo operative
when citizens of a municipality approve same.
I Oaaada Too. Bom:
:  Licen-ee S—itU   :
So Easy-
to save .money, and get tho bottor
quality, too, by buying your groceries here,
Fresh Made Peanut Buttor, n j*
special, per lb  __iOC
Finest Ontario Cheese,
per lb -	
Tea, extra special,
per lb	
per tin
Table Syrup, quart
Ginger Snaps, 2 lbs.
for .
Shelled Peanuts,
2 lbs. (or... 	
Bamsay's and National
idas, large pkgs. for .
jig, tall tins, per
a T. Wallace's
118 HASTINOS ST. W.—SET. 1266
ij'l PoK and Beans,
\m_tor. ■
Ps Potted Moats,
iu for...	
ii, largo and juicy,
Minimum Wage Board
Provinco of Britlah Columbia
OTICE is hefeby given, that
pursuant to Chapter 66 of tha
Statutes of 1918, being tho
"Minimum Wago Aot," a publio
meeting will be hold at tho Court
Houso, Georgia Street, in tho City
of Vancouver, on Wedneaday, May
28th, 1919, at 10 a.m., for the purposo of hearing any person interested in the establishment of a minimum wago and hours and conditions
of labor for women engaged ln the
"Publio Housekeeping Occupation,"
which includes the work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers,
janitressee, cooks and kitohen help
in hotels, restaurants, tea-rooms, icecream parlors and light lunch
stands, and th* work of chambermaids in hotels, lodging housos and
apartments, ,and the work of all female elevator operators in the Provinco of British Columbia.
A cordial invitation to bo preaent
ia extended to all those who desiro
to be heard on the abovo question
beforo a minimum wage and hours
and conditions of labor aro determined.
Minimum Wag* Board for th* Provinco of British Columbia,
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman,
Viotorla, B. C, May 10, 1919.
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
PHONE, SBT. 8110
Photo Engravers Strlk*
Boston.—Organiaed photo engravers employed in commercial shops
hav* suspended work to enforce in
creased wages. Other demands include recognition of th* union ud
the establishment of th* 44 hour
Week next yoar.
ichmond Closing Out Sale
Beats All Records for Good Shoes at Low Prices
Ben's lias Dren—In all styles, shapes
and makes.  Beg. values $10, for f 6.85.
Never before or never again will you buy
Boots at these prices; $3.50 for a good
pair of Boots, and another pair exactly
the Bame for—
Every pair of SHOES must be sold as
we bave to vacate store very soon,
This means two pairs for about the
price of one. We have 300 pairs of this'
lot, and all sizes.
Victor Clothes
for   Fit
for  Style
Slip into a Victory suit tomorrow. Try on the coat. You won't
be asked to buy. We want to have you see for yourself the meaning of "Victor Value."
Do yourSelf and us the favor of a "slip-on." All fabrics are here
and all modes.  Prices
$25 to $75
They Gave Us the Name
Winners in the nam* competition were:.. A. J. Buckley, 1442
Oraveley Stroot; Mrs. B. A. Appleton, Hollybum; Mn. W.
Keith, Princo Bupert.  Tha $100 was divided between thom.
10%   Reduction
Army   aad
Navy Mea
112 Hastings ShWesh
eleventh teak. No. to    THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     tancouveb, b. o.
...May 16, Itl.
Style and
YOU see the style
in the picture;
you'll see it better in
the glass when you
come in and try on
one of the new waist-
seam suits.
Months of good went* ami
continued good looks will
make you appreciate the
value. You'll realize it's
there when you see the
$30and $35
Claman's ^ta
One-fifty-three Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
We died in our thousands to serve it, the cause that you told ns was ours.
We stood waist deep in the trenches; we battled with'holl and it's powers.
Broken, and shattered and helpless, men have died by land and by sea,
For the dream that you held before us, the dream of a Freedom to be!
And you, you have gathered your millions, you have lined your pockets
with wealth,
You havo talked of tho rights of nations, whilo you worshipped the
righti of yourself.
Your hands are stained with our life Wood, your houses are built with our
Your mansions, if you could hear them, are filled with children's moans.
Do you think we shall rise up and smite you?   Fear not, you shall harbor
your gain,
And wc?   Will you give us our freedom, just us few that have not been
No, the tale is the same tale as ever, and the world will go on as before,
And our sons will be footed and blinded aa our fathers were blinded of
Fooled, though wo've been by your hirelings, you know that we fought
for a He
We have fathomed a truth that you seo not, but a truth you must learn
when you die,
That silver "and gold and swell garments are things of but littlo worth.
For love of humanity is God's greatest fight, to us folks that inhabit this
Nameless the things we have suffered, countless what we achieved,
Facing death every moment, some dying that their folks homo might live.
Dying and reeking in agony, from offectB of the gas's deadly grip,   ■
Half mad from tho terrible torture with a half-broken prayer oq thcir lips.
. The cume of the people is on you, the curse of the peace you will frame.
Tho curse of the widows and orphans, the curse of the dead and tho
Bleeding and dying in shell holes, their life blood oosing awny.
Bleeding for you and your freedom, the freedom you hand us today.
Yes, freedom for you and your money; freedom for you aad your clan.
You, the tyrants of justice, skilfully you worked out the plan.
But you and your tainted money is thc curse of the nation today,
And you and your clan will go under for the wrongs that you wrought
flow oft as I sit here and ponder, and iny thoughts review scenes of the
When we lay in tho trenches out yonder, where comrades havo breathed
their last.
J can iee plainly a long row of crosses, in the shade of the shell-torn trees,
The graves of my brave fellow comrades, my prayer, mny their souls
Beit in Peace.
—M. J. Devitt.
S. Profiteers Seem to
Have Started Rebel
New York—Nearly 800. uniformed men—discharged American soldiers and sailors—cheered the Bolshevist movement nt a meeting called here by the Soldiers' Sailors'
and Marines' Protective Association for the purpose of discussing
The cheers were in response to a
speech by a man in navnl uniform,
who gave his name as Peter Marnier, und declured that he wns one
of the organizers of thc "Soldiers,'
Sailors' and Workmen's Council"
in Seattle during the recent striko
"I know every soldier aud sailor
here is willing to hnve this become
a 'Soldiers,' Sailors' and Workers'
Council,' aren't we, boys?" tho
speaker cried. Tho cheers followed.
At another point ho exclaimed:
"I want to sound this warning to
those persons who are appropriating
money at Albany to investigate
Bolshevism. I find more Bolsheviki
nmong soldiers returning from
Frnnce than I do on tho Bast Bide."
Marmor bitterly attacked persons
who arc eating "poodle dinners
and monkey dinners" while soldiers
who risked their lives to win tho
war '' are living ou coffee and
Employers Associa- "
tion and Get
Together Movement
(Continued from page I)
Also Considering Project
for    Big    Labor
Demand for & workers' college,
consisting of courses in publie
speaking, parliamentary law, co-operative management of industry,
historical background of European
problems and economics, bus been
voiced by largo numbers of working
people in and around Seattlo. Consequently, the Central Labor Couneil is proceeding with arrangements
for securing tho use of public school
buildings and establishing classes.
A tuition foo of $2.50 is to bo charged for a term of ten lessons.
To meet tho growing need for a
huge meeting place for Labor, in the
renting of which hostile capitalistic
landlords can not intcrforo, tho Labor Council is considering a project
for building a big Labor tabernacle.
Trades Council Sends
Its Greetings to
Winnipeg Strikers
(Continued from page 1)
Men's Working Boots
at $4.95
The best Boot procurable at this price.   Comes iu black
or tan uppers, hall bellows tongue, solid leather soles,
heels and counters.  Made in plain toe or toe-
cap. Actual (6.50 value. Special	
Men's Fine Shoes at $6.95
All new lines in black or tan calf, leather or Neolin soles;
built on new lasts, real snappy styles, and every pair is
guaranteed.   Actual $9.00 and $9.50 Aft Qt*
values.   Special .<^0«»rO
Bring your Shoe Repair, here.  We guarantee the material and workmanship.
Pierre Paris
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer!, 64 HASTINOS WEST
One Door Weit of Columbia Theatre
Phone Seymour 4716
New shipment
of men's suits
—Call around and see how easy we make
it for you to dress in the height of style.
This new shipment Is made up in material of exceptional
Quality-—cloths that will give good service. Ample choice is given
ill Jabric—alio ln colors, patterns and mixtures.
Sho suits come in a full line'of this season's nut-Ms nnd are
1 stylish and well finished. They are made by ono of the beet
ftaeterfi factories—au establishment with a reputation for exevp*
tional work.
We oiler you theee Suits on easy payments—a small Cash
Deposit and the balance ln small weekly payments—you
"pay while you wear."
Onr credit dealings with you ure conflduntiul—no red tape to
go through in order to secure terms.
$25 to $50
842 HASTINGS ST. W. (Near Homer)
both Federal and provincial as it
affects this question—shown by
our presentation, this session, to
the provincial government of arguments against the establishment
of eight-hour day for all industries in B. C. until such time as
tho eight-hour day is made law
throughout Canada at least, as B.
C, cannot afford to bo any further
handicapped in industry.
We intend to make ourselves of
tangible valuo to thc employers
as well as bring' about a better
relationship with the employees.
Bulletin ou Labor
We are arranging to publish a
bulletin conveying to the members
in brief form, "Important Labor
News." Movements of Individuals
and organizations believed to be
working against the general interests. How other employers are
handling the subject.
Our policy is "Don't wait until troublo develops, prevent it
being forwarned and ready.
On this subject of labor it is
essential that tho employers maintain unity of thought and action,
therefore thc association must include every employer of labor in
British Columbia.
And we will ask every member
to report to this office systematically conditions in his plant and
Labor Oonvention
We propose shortly to hold the
first of our semi-annual labor conventions at which this subject of
labor and capital will be fully presented by competent speakers and
constructive policies introduced.
Very beneficial developments will
result from theso conventions.
In this connection it is proposed
to bring about at one of tho sessions
a joint meeting between representatives from tho workers and the employers.
We will advise you more fully regarding the convention as wc get the
details developed and secure the
consent of various prominent men
as speakers.
National Association
Thc work which wc arc putting on
in this provinco we intend to extend
to tho other provinces of Canada,
and as soon as possible ercate a national employers association, so that
there• may bo completo unity
througout Canada as well as the
province of British Columbia.
Centralized Effort Will East Tour
Wo aro developing our work so
as to make British Columbia attractive to those who wish to invest
capital, make secure existing investments and bring about such relationships between capital and labor
as to relieve the employers of the
constant, worries and difficulties
whlcn they now face in this connection.
We realizo that this in a big prop-
isltion, and wc intend to handle it in
h big aggressive und comprehensive
way wilh your support.
The men on the board of directors
assure the proper currying out of the
We therefore nsk you to plctiso
sign the enclosed application form
nnd return it with your cheque so
thut this important and necessary
work muy bo properly tarried on.
Yours truly,
Employers Association of B.C.
Signed        N, G. NEILL,
And that is tin epistle gotten out
in thc interests of harmony between
capital and labor. Note the efforts
that are to bo put forth to deal with
any attempt to raise wages, and also note the activities of this organization against the workers securing
a reduction of hours.
Tho meat of the document, howover, is in the passage headed Bulletin of Labor. It is in other words
a blacklist. A blacklist of thoso
men in tho labor in'o vein ent who
show any sigu of activity on behalf
of the workers. Stripped of nil its
camouflage, tho Employers Association is revealed in the light of this
document, as uu orginii/.iitiou to prevent not genoral demoralization, but
to prevent the efforts of thc workers
to securo bettor conditions being
successful. Let capital and lubor get
together. Sure get them together
ut a convention which will bo run
by men of the type of thc secretary
of tins organization. But the workers of this province cannot bo fooled any longer. Tbe employers stund
condemned by their own words, and
tlieir inoutjiiiigi ns to lubor and capital getting together are so much empty phrases, which mean nothing,
They aro as they always were, class
conscious, nnd tho workers lire realizing that il is only thc working
<;liuti that eau uid that clasg* the
was appointed tot act in his stead
for that time.
Business Agent's Beport
Business Agent Midgley reported
that he had tried to bring about an
understanding with Mr. Sorenson on
the question of the dischargo of employees of the Whito Lunches in tho
city who joined the union. Ih this
he had boen unsuccessful, and os a
result, the Whito Lunches and the
Couver Lunch were placod on the
unfair list by tho Hotel and Restaurant Employees. He also reported
on the organization of the Elevator
Workers, and that it was intondod
that these workers should be affiliated 'with the Steam Engineers, as
many of thom were operating low
pressure plants. He reported thot
tho Cun Workers wero still continuing their organizing efforts, and
that a dance would be held noxt
Monday ovening,
Del. Surges* roisod the question
of tho formation of a library, by
pointing out that the council had
decided to appoint a committoe for
this purpose, which ha-d not beon
done. Del. Burgess, (fiftgan and An-
dorson wero appointed on tho committee. Del. Deacon raised tho
question of property owners refusing to pay taxes, and urged the
council to take action. After a
littlo discussion, in whieh ;it was
pointed out that the troubles of the
•property ownors was nono rof the
council's businoss, the mattor was
Del. Showier, moved that I the executive get in touch with the farmers. This was debated from many
points, tho council eventually defeating tho motion.
The Mounted Police Question
Del. Pritchard raised the question
of tho increasing of the mounted
police force. He stated that a good
many of the members of tho House
of Commons seemed to be alarmed
at the labor movement in the west.
He said that the workers in the
West should tako care that tho
politicians at Ottawa/ who had by
force retained the powers of governmont, should not be given the
loophole to bring about a condition
of anarchy, chaos and bloodshed.
Taking tho stand that labor was
the most orderly section of socioty,
he said that the police forces were
not being augmented for the purpose of preventing crime, but for
muking it. Ho referred to the violent suppression of working cluss
literature, tho discnfrunchiscmcnt
of the workers at the last election,
and tho suppression of the constitutional rights of the poople by
force, und in conclusion urged that
the workers act with every caro so
that the powers that bo could not
use their forces to bring about
greater troublo than that which already prevailed.
The council then adjourned at
0.50 p.m.
Smash High Becord
Chicago—Provisions have again
smashed tho high record on tho exchanges here.. Following the announcement from Paris that "war
hrend" would again bo tho rulo in
Europe, tho price of corn rose at a
lively rate and reached $1.70 for
July delivery. An advance of nearly 7 cents per bushel was reached
Where is your union button?
employing class having interests
that nre not in common with those
of the workers. -"Labor must tuke
this position unless the employers
repudiate their puid official in tho
person of Mr. Neill.
Quality Clothes
Prices consistent with
value and lasting service.
$35 and up
You get what you pay
for, no less, plus satisfaction.
Thos. Foster & Co.
514 Grauville Street
Corsets at
SIX NEW and deservedly
popular models, in styles
for vari ous figure types
are presented in white or llesh
batiste and fino brocaded materials. Somo of the models
have elastic inserts and low
bust, long skirt designs are
well featured. Thore is a
sports corset in the assortment
which has an'elastic top. Tliis
model is in flesh shade, with
a satin stripe. All sizes—
$3.50 a pair,
A very pleasing model, fn
white voile, is in V-neck stylo
with Valencinnes lace frills
and features vest effect—at
A round neck style, in fine
voile, is mado with small collar, finished with guipure lace;
has embroidered front and fine
A pretty model, in voile, is in
the slipover style, in round
neck effect; lu\s embroidered
front and is finished with
crocheted buttons and Valenciennes lace—$7.60.
-First Floor
London.—When a nonsocinlist or-
gan like that quoted below engages
in praise of the working men's gov
ernment of Bussia, the fact cited
are not likely to be challenged.
"Common Senso," the liberal organ
owned by Lord Lansdowne and edited by R W; Hirstjipeaks as follows
of "Art Under the Bolsheviks" in
its edition of March 2D.
'The general impression conveyed
to the roader of tho English press
is that the Bolshevik regime is ono
of shoer destructivencss; thnt art
has perished and morals gone entirely by the board. Tho lie nbout tho
marriage law has been sent all
round the world, and though now
admitted by tho Now Europe to be
a lie, the mischief has been done.
Now we learn on unimpeachable authority that life in Moscow provides
more aesthetic pleasures than London. Chuliapine is singing nightly
to packed houses in opera—French,
German, Italian, as well as Bussian;
tho ballot is in full swing; and on
any evening in the week the thoa-
tres offer a wide choice of ckissical
and modern plays—Shakespeare and
Moliere, as well as Tchekov and
Gorki. Moreover, in Petrograd the
Hermitage uud Alexander III Museums aro uow moro full of pictures,
thon they ever were beforo. Thoy
are well looked after, no pictures
have been stolen or damaged. On
tho contrary, many people have sent
to these galleries the best works out
of their own privato collections. As
regards the terrifying statistics given as to the decline in tho population of Petrograd it should not be
forgotten that it has for long boon
the deliberate policy of the Bussian
govornment—a policy attempted by
Kerensky, unsuccessfully, nud curried out, successfully, by the Bolshoviks—to induce'the inhabitants
of Petrograd to evacuate.'*
Christiauia, Norway'.—Thc labor
situation in Norway is becoming serious. The workers have been exposed to a powerful agitation from
Communist enthusiasts mil nre in
general moro extreme in their viows
than the workers of the other Scandinavian countries. During the lust
few mon thn Workmen's, Fishermen's
and Soldiers' Councils have been
formed, uud a lively propaganda has
been conducted in favor of a general strike,
Tho situation is most critical, the
workers declaring that they will
themselves decide the conditions on
which their labor is to bo exchanged and utilized, — Labour Herald,
London, April 5.
Chicngo. — Wash duy and wash
tubs aro to bo abolished from all
homes affiliated with tho Chicugolo-
bor party, if plans to be presented
to tne organization materialize. In
connection with cooperative stores,
it is proposed to establish family
laundries where all the hard work
will bo dono by machinery.
It is estimated that the saving by
these co-operative laundries in dollars and conts wilt reduce tho cost
of living, and that in addition women in tho homes of the labor pnrty
members will have more timo for
pleasure.—New Majoritv, Chicago,
April 10,
Paris.—The latest elections to tho
Finnish Landtag were a success for
the Socialists und the peasants'
pnrty,  a party   of   small   farmers
fell nro nationalists but strongly
Socialistic* Tho Stockholm Dagblad
m oppose
ANNEXATIONS Prepare for the HoBday
Italian    Socialists    Not
Hoodwinked   by
The Italian Socialist Party has
adopted tho following resolution by
"Tho party protests against annexations or projects of annexations
and demands for all people the right
to dispose freely of their own destiny, particularly for tho peoples of
Dalmatia and Asia Minor, whose independence is now threatened by
the menace of Italian imperialism.
"It affirms thnt the war has engendered in every country a.highly
revolutionary situation by which the
proletariat may profit to break down
capitalism and realizo Socialism.
"It confirms tho previous decision
in favor of a general striko destined
to permit tho conquest of power by
the Italian people and destined to
obtain demc-bilization, liberty and
the withdrawal of tho troops of
EVEN sb nature bedecks this old world of ours with a beautiful -and
gorgeous covering at an appointed time—so we have made It possible
for both MEN and WOMEN to acquire their Summer Togs without
Inconvenience at the commencement of the season.
Under our system of Cheerful Credit it'a not necessary to wait until
you've got the ready money—we'll trust you—just come In and we will
show hew you cun dress In the latest style by simply paying a small deposit.
You can choose any garment you desire and take it with you, and pay
the balance on either weekly or monthly terms lo Bult yourself.
Don't wait for "Aftor Seasons" sales—get it now, and have the benefit
Of a full season's wear while paying for It.
New York Outfitting Co. Lte
Opposite Province Office
Thanks the Central Body for Assistance at Formation
Machinists Union, Vancouver
Local No. 1, held its regular meeting on Tuesday night last, at their
now headquarters, 440 Pender west,
under very auspicious circumstances
there being a capacity house.
Many propositions were discussed,
relative to the welfaro of the local,
and labor in general, in several instances action was taken thereon.
In view of the increasing intorest
taken by the memberB in the genernl
welfare, it was decided to hold meetings in future on the flrst Saturday
in the month, at 2:30, and each
Tuesday in tho month? at 7:30.
Many new applicants have been
received into membership during tho
week, chiefly from men who have
until recently been connected with
gives the following summary of thc
elections: Socialist, SO; Peasants'
Purtv, 42; Unions, 28; Progressive
Party, 20; Swedish Party, 22; Chris-
tian Workers, 2. The New Landtag
includes, therefore, 112 votes on the
left. The victory of tho Socinlists
is even more remarkable since, during the last period of tho Landtag
the Socialist Democratic deputies
were unable to tako part in parliamentary work because somo had
been killed during thc civil war,
others had been shot during the
white terror, still others had been
in prison or had been compelled to
flee to Bussia. The Socialist voters
had been subject to the same perils
ns their deputies. One Finnish journalist estimates 100,000 decrease in
Socialist votes since 1917.—Le Populate,
New York.—Strikes are quite the
fashion in Mexico, according to n
prominont radical in this city who
has just returned from a trip to
Mexico, Everywhere it is the same
cry—higher wages and shorter hours
So alarmed has the employing class
become that tho large capitalistic
papers aro running sericB of special
stories to demonstrate conclusively
that thc Bolsheviki are responsible
for tbe labor unrest.
See These Specials
in Dinnerware
for    ; ,
50-Piece Dinnerware Sets, $15.71
If you are in need of a Dinner Set, here is ind
an opportunity to secure one at a minimum ei
There are several designs to select from, includ
a pretty white and gold design and several flc
designs. The ware is a good quality Semi-poi
lain. There are 80 pieces to the set—ample
placo covers for six.
This is an exceptional offering, which you will
well to investigate.
Extra Special
Wc have a beautiful, genuine Imported China I
ner Servico of the best quality. The design ii
plain gold band. It looks "■quality"—and it
quality. There are dl-pieces to the d*^1 *9
set.   Extra-Special .. V «*•■
Millar & Coe, Limitei
various lodges of the International.
In consequence of vnrious organizations, contemplating severance
with thcir International, and the
business agent having been approached for assistance in connection therewith, the executive empowered their representative to give
overy assistance in connection thero*
The thanks of tho local wore tendered to the Trades and Labor Council and the official representatives of
the various organizations of Labor,
for thcir proffered assistance at the
Inception of thc local.
Five States Represented
Beaumont, Texas.—A district
boiler makers has just been forn
with representatives from Tex
Oklahoma, Kansas, Louisiana i
Missouri, Headquarters will be
Tulsa, Okla., and A. J. Mclver f
chosen president, The principal ■
ject of the new organization is
consolidate the oil tank and ret
ery boiler makors into a distr
body for the better handling
thcir affairs. The district organ!
tion will be under tho jurisdicti
of thc Boiler Makers' Internatioi
10 Per
Cent Off
To All
The Shoe for the Man Who Wants a Good
Shoe Yet Doesn't Want to Pay Over
We could start and fill this page with type as to the value-
in the special line we offer at this price—what's the use-
after all it's seeing the value yourself that brings the decision to purchase.
We're leaving the question of value up to you—but we're
backing this line with our guarantee—your money back
if not satisfied.
This is a special—but an everyday one—it's the best
workman's shoe in the city—solid leather throughout,
double pegged and stitched soles—DICK'S PRICE


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items