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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 23, 1922

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 THE BRITISH COLU
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH -
3C**
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  Na 22
POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER B, (%FMPA
Industrial Labor Scheme
Outlined by Premier of
Australia
| Six Thousand Boys to Be
Shipped from
England
[By Sidney Warren]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Vancouver, B. C, June 14—Sir
i Henry Barwell, premier of South
[Australia, en route tor the Antipodes, today gave me a resume of
[ his  boy  immigration  scheme  for
South Australia, -which, stripped of
[.sit Us superficial niceties, amounts
i to nothing less than indentured la-
! bor under the power of the State
:■ to meet labor-crises.
The plan aa outlined, provides
f that Bngllsh boys of the ages of 16
'to 18 years are to be shipped to
i South Australia from England at
i the expense of the South Australian government. The boya thus
i sent are bound under a three<-year
1 contract of apprenticeship to far-
. mers. Their wages, will range from
8 to 15 shillings a week, of which
I four shillings will be paid to them
i oo pocket money, and the balance
.to be held In truat by the govern*
'ment, and paid to the boy at the
' -and ot his apprenticeship, with in-
, terest at 4% per cent.
Six thousand boys, Sir Henry
"Barwell itated, are now recruited
l_ In England, and will be sent to
. South Australia in lota of 100 to
. 260 at a (time.
h While ■ upon the surface, this
I plan ma], appear plausible, it must
lbe borne in mind that the boya
f bound to apprenticeship to farmers
, are taken without regard to their
\ natural inclinations or abilities, but
largely because they have become
i derelicts in their own land. Under
, the proposed State indentured system, there Is not a question but
| that In event of strikes occurring
■In the pastoral and agricultural in-
, dustries of Australia, these boys
i would be compelled to ' serve as
t strike-breakers or violate their ap-
i prentlceship contract' with conse-
; quent forfeiture of wages accruing
to them.
Th* system of adult Indentured
la^or bam proven a failure, wher-
I ever It has been put Into opera*
i tlon, and thero la little more 11k*-
j-lihc-oa that boy ladtnturtd labor
' will prove any more successful
[ German Employers Would
Reduce  Wages  and
Increase Hoars
[By Louis P. Lochner]
[ (European Director the Federated
Press)
Hamburg, Oermany—The elght-
[ hour day, legalised In the constitu-
I tton of Republican Oermany, la to
T ba abolished, if the bosses by united effort, can bring about that re-
1 suit. This was again made clear at
[ the opening session of the National
I Association of German Industrials,
) when tumultuous applause greeted
i'the following assertion by the pre-
laldept of the association, Dr. Kurt
[gorge;
"We have become an expensive
[ country, with very high production
I costs. If Oerman Industry Is to
I compete in the world's markets, it
Is at least doubtful whether Bhe
t can further afford the luxury of a
[ general cessation of work early in
fthe afternoon."
In order that the proper respect
f for business and Industry may be
instilled in the German people the
I National Association of Oerman
i Industrials urges that greater interest be taken in educating the
i people up to an appreciation of
[ economics. "Such educational
E work," says the association, "must,
.however, be adapted primarily to
h tbe needs of Industry."
That Dr. Sorge's utterance Is not
, an isolated one, ls seen from the
, fact that Borsig, president of the
Association of Machinery Manufacturers, only a few days ago, urged
the abolition of the eight-hour day
and, the  systematic  reduction  of
wages; and from the further fact
that a confidential letter waa recently sent out. by the Hansa Association of Western German Industrials to Its membership, urging a
campaign,  especially  through  the
'medium of the press, agalnBt the
eight-hour day.
New York — Whilo shipping
board officials are giving out statements purporting to show that
more. and; more jobs are being
found for American seamen, the
Neptune Association here announces that there are vessels available
tor only 8000 of the 22,000 American masters'and mates. As a result tho association has begun a
campaign to flnd land employment
for the thousands Who cannot follow their chosen calling. No figures are given for engineers, but it
is understood that the situation Is
equally desperate for tho thousands of licensed officers of this
grade.
*   CHANGE OV ADDRESS
Subscribers will holp us when
renewing   their   subscript lous,   if
tlicy will note change of address.
New address ls 805 Pender Street
West, Vancouver, D, C.
Fhe coupons for ono dollnr.
E
S EIGHT
Claim Treatment Is Brutal
While Officials Are
Building Castles
(By the Federated Press)
Saarbruecken, France—Even the
conservative workers united ln the
Christian trade unions won't stand
for the reduction of wages planned
by the French government, which
since the occupation of the Saar
valley has claimed ownership of
the coal- mines, This they have
made clear in resolutions just sent
to the French government.
The resolution of the Christian
coal miners poin( out that the administration of the coal fields Is
excessively costly; that in the olden
days of German rulo one official
was sufficient, where now four or
more have tf.;x[.! his place; that the
salaries pal w.^iese officials are
such that tl-i^an afford to erect
castles for \ fe .selves while the
coal diggersV'»:vV In poverty; that
there Is terrlt*^;vaste in the mine
pits. wfik
Tho treatrrv'- -of the workers,
says the resohp^';', is brutal. Every
effort is madeM; lengthen hours;
no fixed scule:¥. >atd; upon the
slightest provo-^'\.i the worker is
dismissed. \$&
The French government ls asked
to Institute a moro rational and
economic method of administration
and not to fteek to make the mines
pay by beating down the workers'
wagea
RAILROAD STRIKE
IS
I
Head of the Machinists'
Union Gives His Views
on Situation
Strike May Be Directed
From Canada Owing
to Court Decision
"Nothing can stop a big railroad
strike beginning July 1 except an
adverse vot€," salft President John*
■ton of the International Association of Machinists, who has been
fti conference In Cincinnati with the
chief executives of eleven railroad
brotherhoods since last week. This
is taken by the delegates tp the
convention of the American Federation bf Labor also In progress ln
Cincinnati to man the shop crafts
and the maintenance of way men.
will strike certainly and the railway clerks probably. Representatives of the railroad men at Cincinnati say that the strike vote now
In progress will surely result overwhelmingly In favor of a walkout.
The counting of the vote will end
In Chicago, June 25.
. Although railroad officials persist in maintaining that their employees are afraid of their jobs and
wilt not strike, the feeling continues to grow In the strongholds
of railroad unions that a strike ls
Imminent and will be the overwhelming desire of the men.
The, railway employees department of the American Federation
of Labor of which B. M. Jewell Is
president, mailed out strike ballots
Sunday night from Chicago to 400,-
000 shopmen. The vote is to be on
three issues; the wage cut effective
July 1, lopping off $60,000,000 a
year from the wages of the men,
new rules Instituted by the railroad
labor board eliminating time and a
half for overtime and the farming
out of shop work by certain railroads to contractors. Affirmative
action on any one of the Issues,
however, would vest B. M. Jewell
and his executive board with authority to order a walkout. The
strike ballots are returnable July 1.
Direct Striko from Canada
A plan said to be contemplated
by the railway employees department of the American Federation of
Labor is to transfer its funds to
Canada in order to evade the finanoial penalties which the recent decision of the United States supreme
court relative to the Coronado Coat
Company imposes upon unions engaged in strikes. This plan Is
thought to be legitimate, since the
rail unions are international in
scope and include Canada.   -
Additional wage cuts affecting
over 360,000 railroad clerks, signalmen stationary firemen and oilers
and marine department employees
qt the railroads are expected to be
announcd thts week by the railway
labor board. The new cut will be
nearly $60,000,000, and will affect
common labor somewhere around 5
cents an hour. It is expected that
a strike vote of these unions will
be taken as soon as the wage cuts
are announced.
It is predicted both by G. F. Gra-
ble, president of the United Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way employees, and B. M. Jewell, president
of the railway department of the
American Federation of Labor, that
both of their organizations will poll
a heavy strike vote. If this is the
case and lf the clerks, signalmen,
th'-men, oilers and others decide to
strike the result may be the most
gigantic tie-up of the railroad industry which the Uinted States has
ever felt. *
NEW YORK.—American workers have contributed to Russian
famine, reliof, through tho Friends
of Soviet Russia alone, more than
$1,000,0000, of which $650,000 was
in cash nnd $400,000 In clothing,
tools, etc.
DAYILF.OFLEND
FREE!
I ISSUE
Anthracite Miners of U. S,
WiU  Not  Consider
Anything Else
Critical Stage Has Been
.Reached in Negotiations
With Employera
(By The  Federated  Presa)
New Tork.—The anthracite
mlno workera have informed the
operatora in conference here
that they wilt not consider wage
cut proposals. The declaration
came at the" resumption of the
session of the anthracite subscale
committee, which haa been
meeting intermlttenly here for
12 weeks, and after S. D. Warr
iner, for the operators, gave out
a statement that the operators
would insist on wage reductions.
The miners' representatives,
President J. L. Lewis of the U.
M. TV. A.j Philip Murray,
Thomas Kennedy, C. J. Golden
and W. J. Brennan, reiterated
the only conditions upon which
they will base negotiations for
settlement.    These are:
An actual eight-hour day for
day men ln the industry; com
pleto union recognition, and the
taking of existing rates of pay as
a starting point for future deliberations,
Situation Critical
The, situation, in respect to
the anthracite industry, thus has
reached the most critical stage
since the beginning of the con
ferences last March. Unless the
operators drop thcir demand for
a so-called arbitration tribunal
composed of men regarded as
certain to decide adversely to the
mine workers, the suspension of
work in the anthracite fields will
become a strike, tp be settled
only when a settlment is reached
In the bituminous fields.
■ Following formal consideration by the miners' -representatives of the operators' demands,
the miners' officials replied as
follows:
The proposals which you
mnke provides for the' arbitration- of our differences by a commission or tribunal to be appointed by the president bf the
United States. It is stated in
general terms and does nipt, spf-
•Sly what we scope of such a
tribunal or commission should
be. We assume, however, that
you contemplate the adjustment
of rates of pay according to the
four standards set forth by you
in your counter-proposals of May
18. These standards, as We have
previously stated, are unacceptable to us, as they provide only
for determining rates of pny
according to the changes in factors affecting the demand for or
supply of labor. They assume
that labor In the anthracite
mines ls a commodity, the price
of which should be determined
by the same forces which Influence the value of other commodities. The consideration of
hitman standards is precluded,
and no safeguards are afforded
against the use as precedents before the tribunal or commission
which you propose of wage
scales fixed by the arbitrary action of employers in industries
where collective bargaining Is
not recognized and where no
proper standards of compensation  arc observed.
The Terms
"In the second place, we notice that you make no mention
of tlie three fundamentals which
we insist should be accepted by
you as a condition to the settlement of our differencesf. The__o
nre (1) a living or saving wage.
for the workers in the lowest
(Continued on Page 3)
URGED TO ACT
Railroad Employees Urge
Consideration of
Unemployment
Ottawa—An appeal for preventive measures in dealing with prospective unemployment during the
coming winter months is being
made to both the Mouse of Commons and the Senate by officers of
the grand division of the Canadian
Brotherhood of Railroad Employees. This action supports the
request to the prime minister from
the Dominion Veterans Alliance for
full consideration of the matter.
A. R. Mosher, grand president of
the brotherhood, in a statement,
declares:
"Tho Canadian Brotherhood of
Railroad Employeea ls In vory close
touch with labor conditions in
Canada, having local divisions in
all important centres of the country. Indications point to a continued lack of employment during
the next winter, although slight Improvement ls resulting from casual
labor during the spring and summer months. Now ls the time to
make provision against this inevitable condition and the present
session of parliament should not
adjourn without some definite action dealing specifically with the
unemployment question In all Its
ramifications, and determining
upon some method of preventing a
recurrence of the stress of the past
two winters."
Convention Turns Down
Proposal to
Craft Unions
Representative of Minera
Sounds Real Fighting Note
Cincinnati, 0,t Juno W-Jfi*.
convention this morning endorsed   resolution   number . nine
over the unfavorable recommendation of the resolution com-
mittte which urges alt Interna1
tlonal unions to arrange for a
free exchange of transfer cards
allowing members to transfer
from one union to another without paying an additional Initiation fee. The resolution was
aupporttd by Silllnsky of tho
Journeymen Tailors, Groh of tlie
machin > .s, Lynet of the Peoria
Labor Council and others. It lb
the flrst resolution of making for
closer co-operation between the
International unions to be passed
upon favorably. Following closely oh the heels of this slight
victory came the defeat of the
amalgamation resolution introduced by the. brotherhood of
railway and steamship clerks and
byDefrem of the book-keepers
and stenographers of New Tork.
The resolution committee concurred in it for the stuted reason that the subject matter was
already taken care of by the. department plan of the federation.
Not a voice was raised in defense;
of the amalgamation plan provided for in the resolution for
which the, railway clerks dele
gatlon were instructed ■ to fight,
by their Convention. A resold
tlon from the colored boiler*
makers helpers protesting* £
against color discrimination was -■
favorably passed ■ upon; compul
sory affiliation of local unions
with atate and dty . central
todies wus concurred in; a resolution by Defrem urging additional efforts to bring independent unions into the federation
was non-concurred in. The committee concurred in a resolution
Instructing organisers to assist in
the organization of building device employees; concurrence was
voted ln a resolution urging sup*
port-of the ladles garment work'
ers In fin&lt localities where the
employers move their factories
in order to evade the unions in
larger cities. The committee
concurred in a resolution asking
the appointment of an organiser
for the office workors after striking out a olause stipulating that
such organizer must be selected
from the Ice workers. It ls on lit*
(Continued on page 3)
President Is Empowered
to Bring About Merger
With Switchmen
Toronto—Amalga mat ton of the
Switchmen's Union and the Brotherhood ol Railway' Trainmen was
favored in a resolution ad >pted by
the B. R. T. in convention here.
President W. G. Lee was empowered to take steps to bring about a
merger, but the convention doclared agninst the restoration of employees who left the service of tho
railroads during the so-called "out?
law switchmen's strike" in 1920.
"Strong protest* was made
against the action of railways in
Canada and tho United States promoting men during the taking of a
strlWj vote, and it was decided that
In future when members of the
brotherhood accept official positions pending the taking of a strike
ballot, their membership should be
cancelled. The trainmen, by resolution, declared ngainst any further reduction In wages or the elimination of time and a half for
overtime.
A protest agnirst the refusal of
the Central Railway of New Jersey
tb comply with the decision of the
United States Railway Labor Board
through which it has refused to
pay;.approximately $75,000 duo
trainmen under the award, was referred to President Leo with instructions to collect the amount.
A protest agninst the encouragement bjj^tho governments of Canada and the United States, as well
as transportation companies, of Immigration from foreign countries,
particularly Asiatic countries, also
was passed.
REQUIRES LONG STEP TAKENSWEDISH BANKS MINERS OPPOSED
to in
\-
nerican Worker  Says
dealism Without Work
Not Sufficient
■Declares Educational System Finest Any Country
Ever Knew
JgJBjf  LOUIS  R  LOCHNER
(European   Dlreotor,  The Feder*
ated Press)
vfeerlln.—"What Russia needs
mart than anything else at thla
ttma ls outside help," declared
Abraham Epstein, educational
director for the Pennsylvania
State Federation of Labor, upon
reaching -Berlin after a year's
Stay In Russia.
"Any group of American or
other foreign workers that desire . to. help Russia should not
come thinking that , their mere
presence and willingness to work
&'Sufficient. Workers from else
w^jere ' can help only lf they
bring their tools and a ■ year's
supply of food, together with a
goodly sum of cash. Mere Ideal-
lain is not enough; not even if
accompanied by strong or skilled
hands and' a fertile brain."
Soviet Money
According*   to    Epstein    soviet
money   Is   of   use   only   In   cities
like Moscow or- Petrograd, where
•it ' the   same   day   that   a   man
It?** this money In pay, he can
turn   exchange   it   for   some
commodity   for  himself.     Out   In
the   country   districts   or   In   the
provinces, where exchange is less
ipid,   people, are afraid  tp  take
>viet, money for fear that, by
tfie timo they are ready to trade
it fin for some object of value, it
has up depreciated as to inflict
i heavy loss upon Its owner In
ttflijsk, where I stayed, I went
about with a sack of flour on my
tiai'k, and paying for commodities with that flour.
One' of the tasks upon which
the.' soviet government Is at this
time concentrating most of Its
effbrts. says Epstein, is that of
devising; a new code of law. The
criminal cod.e was the' first one
to^ljbe 'worked out, and will. be
completed shortly. It Is bnsed
upbn the, experience of Russia
■a^tti criminal procedure since
the revolution, and—is being
wftlpped into shape by the executive staff of the commissariat
of Justice, all but one of these
members are men who practiced
nt  the   bar during czarist   days.
Epstein paid Bpeclal attention
to soviet  education.
Tho educational program devised by Russia ls the finest any
{Continued on page 2)
Will Resist Reduction of
Wages and Increasing
of Hours
.J
(By the Federated Press)
erne, Switzerland—So serious
has the danger of abolishing the 8-
hour dsy in Switzerland become,
tlfct nn extraordinary congress of
the .Swiss Federation of Labor met
on. Mnv 28 and 2!> to voice the pro-
teat o_ the workers against this
proposed curtailing of their rights.
The congress also declared that it
WOuld vigorously fight the movement of the employers for the reduction of wages,
Coincident with this meeting, representatives of tho employers appeared beforc a commit.fc of par*
Maine nt which ls now considering a
revision of the eight-hour Inw, to
urgo that the workers be compel
led to labor r.H ami even 60 hours
per week. Calller, one of the largest manufacture're of chocolate,
contended that the eight-hour day
haa, meant a 30 per cent, lessening
pf production.
The parliamentary committee
finally agreed to submit a bill by
hk'h a ten-hour day Is sanctioned
ithe maximum of a day's work,
International Bankers Negotiating on External
Debts
Morgan   Interests   May
Take Over Large Part
3     of Obligations
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—While It has been
expllcity' stated that recognition
of Mexico ls not connected wltb
the negotiations, tho progress of
readjustment of Mexico's external debts ia such that persons
familiar with Wall St. influence
believe a long step has been
taken toward that end. For
more than a fortnight Adolfo
de Ia Huerta, Mexican finance
minister, has been ln conference
here with a group of bankers
representing 'American, Britlah,
French, Oerman, Belgian and
Swiss interests. . Until thie writing no Information has been
given out, but '-.the following
statement haa'been furnished to
The Federated Press by the financial agency of the government
of Mexico,  120 Broadway.
"The conferences between the
international committee of bankers and the Mexican secretory
of finance have practically
reached the final stage, At the
present moment there Is being
drawn up the draft of thb agreement, which covers alt points
discussed and settled on up to
the present. When this Is completed the draft of the agreement will be discussed, and If no
difficulties come up the present-
atlves of the creditors of Mexico, presided over by Thomas W.
Lamont (of J. P. Morgan & Co.),
may be consldertd as definite.
The agreements arrived at will,
naturally, be subject to the ratification   of   President   Obregon."
Figures on Mexico's, external
debt are not available In accurate form. They have been vigorously stated, within the past
weeks all the way from $240,-
000,000 to }700,000.000—the former flgure being regarded as
much more probably correct.
Mexico ceased payment oh many
of Its Internal and external loans
in , 1914, and the conferences
which now are under way hei e
are for the purpose ot rehabil-
iat the country's finances.   '.
Any adjustment approved as
"satisfactory" by the represent*
atives of Mexico's foreign creditors, of course, must go a great
way toward paving the way for
recognition not only by the
United States but by all the
other nations. It has been hinted
that the Morgan interests have
been considering taking over all,
or a large part of, the Mexican
externnl debt, as well as acting
as intermediary between Mexico
and her foreign creditors. A
trip of T. W. Lamont of the
Morgan firm, to Mexico City, last
fall lent color to thts report.
And If the Morgan firm con-
eludes an agreement even approximating this, those who are
familiar with the close connection between Wall St. and Washington are confident that the
matter of political recognition
will be but a matter of a short
time.
Parliament Plays Politics
With Treaty with
(By the Federated Pr«.l»)
Stockholm, Sweden, (by mail)—
For several monthi a trado agreement between Russia and Sweden
haa been awaiting ratincatlon by
the Swedish parliament, after having been signed by Kenhentelt on
behalf of Soviet Russia and Swen-
son, minister of commerce, on behalf of Sweden. But the riksdag,
or parliament, continue! to play
politics with the agreeemnt.
In business circle* it Is chiefly
the large Swedish banks that favor
ratification. They tee other countriea concluding trade agreement!,
and fear that Sweden, which ilea
nearest the Ruuian market, and
needs it most, may be left out in
the cold. The chief opponents appear to be, flrat of all, the reactionaries, who are alarmed to think
that Russian' buainess men are now
likely to flock Into Sweden in
droves and incidentally to spread
Bolshevik germs; and the Swedish
business men now or formerly resident in Russia. The latter point
out that, since all business with the
outside world on the part of Russia
is done by the government, they,
the business men of Swedish na-
tolnallty who formerly used to
trade with their nativo country,
will flnd themselvea to be supernumeraries.
FEDERATED PRESS
BY
Committee of Twenty-fivo
.lhe committee of twenty-flve
ejected by the unemployed conference, will hold a meeting on Thursday, Juno 29, in the city hall, at
7:10 p.m. All members are requested to attend this meeting,
4 boost and a quarter from you
this week will shoot up tho prize
aioncy.    Let's go.
1
Propaganda; Meeting
m—^m-t^mm^—^^m—it——eBaaaa**wm^^ms.*aaaaa***+-u'—**--*»****»*»-»,-*-»»
COLUMBIA 1HEATRE
Sunday, June 25th, 1922
At 8 p.m.
Speaker: Tom Bell
COLLECTION
QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION
New York—Nickolay Mansevleh
Detroit Russian, sentenced to deportation and torn from his wife
and three Detroit-born girls to be
sent to Mlils Island June 8, has
been released -on a writ of habeas
corpus In New York City, where a
federal court will reopen the case.
Aiines Inglis went to New York
from Detroit to aid ln the final ef
fort for his freedom, ns a volun
teer representative of the Detroit
committee of tho American Civil
Liberties Union.
Netherlands   Employers
Make  Demands on
Labor Minister
(By the Federated Press)
The Hague, Holland—in Holland
aa everywhero else In Europe, the
reactionaries are trying to beat
do'wn Labor by making a united
offensive ngainst the eight-hour
day.
Recently the Netherlands Mann
facturcrs Association presented a
demand to the ministry of Labor
that, instead of thc present .48-hour
week nnd eight-hour dny there be
sanctioned, if necessary, a B6-hour
week and ten-hour day. The manufacturers further demand that the
procedure be considerably simplified (ln their favor) by which overtime demands can be made by thc
The building tradea are the first
to be hit, for already the ministry
of Labor, at the Instance of the
building contractors, has busied itself with drafting a royal decree
by which from April to October,
the work dn_y may be lengthened
to 10 hours and the work week lo
55 hours.
At a special congress of the
Netherlands Federation of Trade
unions, afitllated with the Amsterdam International, resolution*! were
adopted empowering the executive
to "take all desirable and necessary
utttnu  ist   tttrort   read Inn '*
Gompers-Woll Group Desire to Control Labor
News
Federated Press b Cooperative Service, Free
From Domination
By E. J. COSTELLO
(Managing Editor, The Federated Preaa)
Chicago.—Samuel Oompers,
preaident, ahd Matthew Woll, a
vice president of the American
Federation of Labor, after more
than a year of secret calumny
against The Federated Press,
huve at last come out ln the
open. The former, in a letter to
the secretary of the Dubuque
(Iowa) Tradea and Labor Congress, and the latter ln hla annual report to the Gompers press
bureau at Cincinnati, have given
utterance to a series of falsehoods whtch would receive no
attention were lt not for the fact
that %ho metropolitan preaa,
which imbibes much of Its
news from these leaders, Is
likely to pick them up and give
them  wide   circulation.
Wo are told that Mr. Com
pcrs denounces ut aa one of the
greatest menaces to ihe advance
of the "bonafttle" trade union
movement, that our policies are
antagonistic to the American
Federation of Labor, that we
protect and encourage the I. W,
W., the Soviets and all the red
organizations on top of thd
earth. Mr. Woll tells his
associates in the Oompers press
bureau tlmt we can be regarded
only as ihe agont of the enemy,
whatever that may mean, and
that If we "ure at times subtle,
thnt is only added reason for
vigilance."
To those who are part and
parcel of The Federntod Press
movement, these falsehoods are
merely ridiculous. Rut It Is
quite apparent that Messrs.
Oompers and WoR are talking particularly for the benefit
of those who do not know that
The Federated Press has accomplished In the little more than
tWO years of Its existence.
liiicli-'-l hy Unlona
Mr, Oompers and Mr. Woll
both know very well that they
wero uttering falsehoods when
they stated that The Federated
Press is a menace to tho trade
union movement of the United
States, for apparently their spies
have been at work and must
havo learned thnt The Federated
Press ls backed by literally hundreds of A. F. of L. local unions
and  central   bodies.
Mr. Gompers nnd Mr. Woll
both know very well that The
Federated Press is n cooperative
membership organization comprising some hundred labor publication editors In tho United
Stutes and Canada, 58 of whom
nro editors whose papers arc
oither owned or endorsed by
central A, F. of L. bodies or
affiliated organizations, and that
the minority membership is
scattered among at least half a
dozen other groups in the working   class   movement.
Mr. Gompers nnd Mr. Woll
both know very well thnt
Thomas It. Downle, the chairman of The Federated Press oxecutive board, Is a member of a
paper'owned by an A. F, of L.
centrnl body, nnd thnt of the
nine members of tho board seven
are   similarly   affiliated,
Mr. Gompers and Mr. Woll
make genernl statements that
Tho Federated Press reports thc
activities of _tnn:,i, antagonistic
to thom. They are very careful
(Continued on Pace 8)
B.
C. Mid Alberta Miners
WiU Not Accept
Award
Policy Committee Meeting to Decide Next
Step
The conciliation board, appointed
by the Dominion government to elt
on the ware dispute In the Alberta
and Crowe Neet Past coal fields,
hu failed to agree, and two reporte, majority and minority reports, have been handed down.
The majority report ia signed by
the chairman, W. _3, Knowlea of
Moose Jaw and JS. Ostlund of
Lethbrldge. the representative of
the mlnen, whllt R. C. Drinnan,
representative . of the employers,
signed the minority report,
The dlapute arose when the operatora posted a wage echedule which
waa about fi© per aent lower than
tbe. expiring wage agreement The
men refused to accept the terms of
tbe employera and struck.
The majority report recommends
a wage reduction of approximately
TO per cent, while the minority report proposes a reduction of from
40 to 60 per cent.
The minera throughout the af-.
fected ar.ua are strongly opposed
to the acceptance of the majority
report, and the policy committee
meeta today (Friday) ter consider
the matter, but it la doubtful It the
executive board will even consider
placing a referendum before the
men aa to.whether, they are in favor of accepting the award.or not.
One of the features of the majority report is the reference to the
short time worked by-the miners.
It points out that many of the men
work 'leaa than 200 'daya a year,
which dispels 'the stories of the
large Incomes which the minera
are supposed to earn.
Will Elect CHRoera
The Vaneouvar Steam and Operating Englneera (Local 144),.have
changed Iheir meeting nights from
Tuesday to Thursday, and the ilrat
meeting to take place on Thursday
waa held laat night, when ollicers
for tho coming term, were nominated. The election of ofllcera will
be held on Thuraday, tha 31th, and
all membera are requested to at-.
tend thla meeting.
Mi HOWE
wn
Czechoslovakia Next to
Have Agreement with
Workers' Republic
(By the Federated Press)
Prague, Caecho-Slovakla (by
mail)—After Germany and Italy,
Csecho-Slovakla ls next In order to
conclude a trade agreement with
Soviet Hussia. It Is confidently expected that this fs but a preliminary step toward the resumption of
full diplomatic, consular and commercial'relations between the two
countries.
Thc political section of the
ngreement stipulates that the Soviet mission in Prague be recognized as the only official Kusalan representative In Ci-Ciho-SIovakia.
Furthermore, tho Czech government fs obliged by the'terms of the
agreement to sever all official connections with groups of emigres,
organizations and persons that
have for their object the disruption
of tho Soviet government. To the
heads of the Soviet mission In
Prague and the Czech mission in
Moscow, ns well as to two each
of their aids, are to be extended full
diplomatic privilege? and immunities.
Tho trado section of the agreement recognizes the incontestability of Russian property in Czechoslovakia, and of Czech property in
Russia. Inasmuch as the monopoly for foreign trade lies in the
hands of llu. government In Russia, the conclusion of any trnde
agreements with persons or compnnies In Russia on the part of Cze-
cho-Stovakla will, under the terms
of the agreement, be considered a
violation of the agreement.
A similar treaty will soon be concluded by Soviet Ukraine with Cze-
cho-SIovakla.
Milwnukee—"Socialism is spreading rapidly in Chinn," Hin Wong,
of the Canton Advertising and
Press service, told a Milwaukee
Leader reporter.
'All of thc students In Southern
China and the professors in Pekin
University are preaching Socialism," he aald. "The south part of
China Is rapidly accepting the manners of wostorn* civilization. In
tho northern -Dart tho old civilization  still   prevails.
"It Is because the professors who
have hnd an opportunity to study
tho ways of tho Occident, are liberals and Socialists, they tench their
doctrines to the students of tho
university, which Is a government
institution.'"
Des Moines—It is reported that
Instructions to all superintendents
of divisions of the Chicago Great
Western Railroad hnve been Issued
from Chicago, over the signature
of Samuel Felton, president of that
line, to "get the goods" on all train
dispatchers who refuse to terminate their membership in the train
dispatchers' organization, a craft
union. PAGE TWO
fOUKTEENTH YEAR.    NO. 21
THE BRITISH'COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER. B. C
FBIDAY, ■.■..■..-June   2V 1-&
li It FEBERftllflHISI
Published  -very Fi-iflay rtfo nitus by The B. C.
Federatlonist,  Limited
A.  S.  WELLS..
..manager
Office:    306 Pender .gt. W.       Telephono   Sey.   5871
feubserfptlon Hates: United States and Foreign, 13.00
per year: Canada, $2.60 per year, s\..t0 for six
month,; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of
1   lhe Hopo uf die World
FI.-DAV .Tune   23.   192?
Constructive Criticism and the
Labor Movement
Till-MM IS NO Lahor organization" in exist
ence wtich is above criticism. Yet despite
tliis fact, there arc many who resent anyone
al tempting to criticize thc organizations of
which they are members with a desire to point
out their weaknesses, in order that thc weak
upots can be strcngtliened. Last week we published two articles, which were mote or less
critical, and whicli dealt with tke American
Federation of Labor and organizations affiliated with that body. These articles roused
.some resentment amongst local Labor officials,
who failed to see that the articles in question
were of a constructive nature, and not written
with the desire to destroy, but to build up the
Labor movement of this continent.
| e    a    e
The policy of The Federationist is to help
build up the Labor movement of this country.
In that work it will bc necessary to offer
criticism, both of organizations and officials,
in order that the Labor movement can bc
made more efficient and of greater strength.
Today the Labor movement ou the American
continent is fighting for ita life. Its weaknesses are well known to the employing class,
as witness the attacks which arc being made
on the separate organisations, whieh are not
only attacked individually, hut collectively;
wages are being slashed, hours are being
lengthened, and the standards of living of the
workers is being lowered.
»"•■■•
Iu addition to the onslaughts which are being made on the individual organizations and
the standard of living of their members, the
courts of the United States have also declared
war ou Uie workers' organizations collectively.
They have decided that the organizations are,
liable to payment for damage done during
Labor struggles. In view of the fact that the
Labor unions of this country are affiliated with
the organizations in the United States, they
must bc affected by the decisions of the courts
which control the activities of the organizations ta the sonth of the Hne. This makes it
necessary to deal with the affairs of the American Federation of Labor and the affiliated
unions in thc columns of Thc Federationist.
This course will bc pursued. Criticism will be
offered from time to time, and articles which
point out where the weaknesses of the A. F.
of L. and affiliated organizations appear, will
be published, so that the rank and file may be
able to have the opinions of men who have
studied the movement and the necessary steps
whieh must be taken to resist the lowering of
the standard of living, and to make th organizations of the workers real fighting machines,
ready to deal'with conditions as they are, and
not as they were fifty years ago.
Trade Union Dues and
ion
INDUSTRIAL depressions always bring
serious problems to thc trade and industrial
organisations of thc workers, lien arc unable
to pay their dues and drop out of the organizations, not because they wish to sever their connections with the organized labor movement,
but because they cannot raise the necessary
money to cover their dues and assessments.
Many loeal unions endeavor to meet this difficulty by granting the unemployed members
exemption, but they can only do this for a certain time, as eventually, in periods of widespread unemployment, thc local unions' funds
are depleted, and per capita tax to the head
offices must bc met on all members on the books
or thoy are excluded.
» * »
If por capita tax wns the be all and end all of
the aims of the workers' industrial organizations, this situation could be viewed with equanimity, but in view of the fact that thc labor
organizations' first consideration should bc the
intorests of the workers, some steps should be
taken to provide for the mombers who, through
no fault of thcir own, are compelled to drop
out of their organizations. The matter is a
serious oue.
* *      »
This question of unemployed members of
trade unions will not become of less importance as time goes on, but will be accentuated
and become more serious. Unemployment will
grow in proportion to the development of the
capitalistic methods of production in China
and other undeveloped parts of the world. Organization is needed more in times of stress
than it is in times of comparative prosperity.
It is when the workers are unemployed that
the employers start their onslaughts on the
standard of living of the workers. It is then
when they take advantage of tho necessity of
the unemployed to cut wages and lengthen the
hours of labor.
* *     •
If organization is the first need of thc workers, and if the organizations are to funotion in
the interests of the workors, they must of necessity comply with the times. They must be
adapted to tlie needs of tho workers, and while
funds are necessary to oarry on the work of
the organization, the keeping of the workers
together is of far more importance. It may
be claimed that owing to financial reasons this
cannot be done, but when we romembor the expense reorganizing the men who have
dropped out of thc unions in limes of depression when trade revives is considerably
greater than most people imagine, this claim is
not a substantial' one. Every trade union
official who has,any knowledge of the move
ment will recognize this fact. Per capita tax
lias been the curse of the Ameriean labor movement, and steps should be at once taken to
provide for elasticity in the esafitiufr-SKganiza-
tions so that when they are most iiecfssary
their fighting forces will not be dissipated.--
MINERS MAINTAIN
The Spiritual and Ethical Laws
of Capitalism
"THE industrial chaos which prewiis through-
■*■ out the world has given mueh trouble to
the men who today rule and rob the slaves of
modern civilization. They have spent ninny
sleepless nights wondering if the proletariat
would be content with their lot, or revolt "and
take over the means of wealth production.
Conferences have been hold with the specific
purpose of bolstering up a tottering system,
but all have been unavailing, and thc world's
proletariat lias grown in revolutionary tendencies.
**•*•.*"•
During the war we were repeatedly told
that thc workers would never go back to the
old conditions; that they would not be satisfied
with the old standards, snd that the outlook of
the people hsd changed, due to thc suffering
wliich had been piled on them by a war which
was supposed to be fought for democracy, but
which was really a war for commercial supremacy.
* *      *
After Lloyd George has failed to "reestablish Europe" and all the world's statesmen seem to be in despair, along conies a
savior. He has a basis for the reconstruction
of Europe. He has discovered an ethical, or
spiritual law wliich governs trade and commerce. This wise man from the East is one
who hss lived in high places. His name is
Viscount Burnham. He says that the relations
of bankers, capitalists and labor must bc readjusted, and au investigation made on the new
outlook of the people.
* *      * "
Now this champion of ethics in trade and
commerce may not recognize that millions of
men lost their lives in a war fought over commercial supremacy, and that the ethics of
capitalism aro expressed in terms of war, ra-
pino and bloodshed, which were the order of
the day when capitalistic democracy was at
.stake during thc late war. He may not realize
that the basis of human society as constituted
today is based on human slavery. That ethics
never enter into the question wheii it is a
question of lower wages so that the employing
elass can reap larger profits. He does not have
to go far* from his own home land to find examples of this as thc recent miners' struggles
and the engineers' lockout will prove.
But let our ethical champion speak for himself. He has much to say on his discovery. The
following will, however, give our readers an
idea of the greatness of his inind: '
"Another point to be ' remembered is
that industry and trade aro subject to ethical or, using the word without cant, spiritual laws as well as economic laws, and disobedience of the former is just as potent
for disaster in the long run as disobedience
of the latter. Much of our present trouble
is due to non-recognition of this fact. Past
injustice is responsible for much of the enmity and suspicion between employers and
thoir workers. Dishonest practice has
clogged the wheels of commerce.
"That is not to say, of course, that industry and trade have been based in this
eountry on injustice or dishonesty, or they
eould nofhave survived till now. But such
injustice aud dishonesty as has existed are
the grit in thc machine that prevents its
effective working. If they arc not removed they will destroy thc working parts
by internal friction.
"Thc prime duty of employers and the
higher direction of industry at the moment is to take steps to .effect this improvement in morale, not so much by discipline us by effective instruction, precept
and example."
* #      »
It will-be noted that our problem solver does
not think that the greatness of the British Empire has been built on injustice; that the trade
and commerce of the greatest empire tho world
has ever known has not been based on injustice
or dishonesty. In that we agree with him. It
has bcen based on capitalistic justice which decreed that men should be slaves. That profits
should bc wrung out of men, women and ohildren. It has bcen based on capitalistic ethics
and ideas of honesty. It will also bc noted that
this great-minded solver of human problems
does not like cant, and that he stresses the
spiritual side of trade, but at the same time
admits that there has bcen injustice and dishonesty and that theso digressions from capitalistic ethics have been the grit in the wheels
which has thrown the social machine out of
gear.
* *      «
But capitalism has ethics which no other
form of society possessed. It has a standard of
dishonesty which only that system could produce. It lias also producod conditions which
no other form of society was capable of producing, including its great democracy, for
which so many slavos of the systom died in
the great war. Ethics change with changing
conditions. Human slavery can only produce
the ethics which the slave owning class thinks
are essential to the well being of that system
from which it derives its existence. But the
economic laws whioh work in society are the
dominant laws. They determine the ethics of
society. They determine the honesty viewpoint and even the religion of the people, and
thc oconomic forces working in society have
given the workers a viewpoint which is opposed to the ethical standards of the ruling
class. The ruling class considers it within the
ethics of prosent day society to exploit the
workers; to see them starve to doath in the
midst of plenty; but the workers have no liking for this ethical outlook and will, when the
timo is ripe, decree what is cthioal nnd what
is not; nnd when they do that they will decide
that it is not cthioal for a slave-owning class to
live on the sweat and misery of a class which
produces the wealth of the world, nnd will
abolish class distinctions nnd elass divisions in
society and place tho interests of humanity
above the profit nnd intorest of a parasite element in society which can never solve flic problems which face humanity.
Bernard Shaw on Prisons
FRONT
Struggle in Pennsylvania
Affects   Steel
Industries
Non-Union    Miners    on
Strike Hold Key to
Victory
[By Art Shields]
(Federated Press Stuff Con-espon
dent)
Creason, Pa.—With ranks still
unbroken, the miners of Central
Pennsylvania are entering the 12th
week ot thalr flght for the preservation of their union and John
Bropliy and his associates feel confident that Ihe men can last longer
than the coal pile against which
they are pitted.
More than 69,009 miners are in
volved in this «xeat Pennsylvania
strugglo, of whom some 43,000 ure
from the long established union
sections of the 14 counties that
comprise the dWtrtct and nearly
29,009 others are from the formerly non-union -county _t Somerset,
and the non-union portions of Cam-
"brta and Indiana counties, arid the
Eastern strip of Westmoreland
County, which has heen organized
from this side.
From flrst to last interest has
centered on the formerly , non
anion miners, for they ara believed
to hojd the keys to victory ur defeat,. Like the non-union men in
tho Fayctle County coke region* ia
Western Pennsylvania, in fact like
non-union miners in all Peims'ylva
nla except part of Westmoreland
County, the non-union miners of
Central Pennsylvania joined the
gmat strike. Most of them came
out in the flrst two weeks and since
then there have'been steady accessions till the only scab centres left
In the district* of any account are
two towns in Cambria County—
Vlntondale and Colver—with
combined working population [Ot
6G0 miners, and Heilwood. ,ia Indiana Cdunty with about 2%9 miur
ers. ;:-
Vlntondale, which has ^cently-
received sensational attention • be-'.
cause of the attack of its hard-riding cavalry on Arthur parflelfl-
Hays, a New York attorney associated with the American Civil Liberties Union, supplies coal to the
Lackawanna Steel Co. at Buffalo,:
and Heilwood is the property ofthe Bethlehem Mines Corporation,
a subsidiary of the steel company
of that name. Though these places
are not yet organized, production
has decreased, as In Vlntondale,
where the switch engine ' that
shunts coal cars to the main tracks
of the railroads works only two
days a week, due to numerous men
•tutting and others working halfheartedly.
The most serious industrinl effect
of the strike outside of Somerset
County, ls seen in the Cambria
Steel Co. mills of Johnstown and
i's suburbs. Since the Ave big Cambria mines there closed down, one
by one steel production has fallen
off till 60 per cent, of the orders
have been deferred to future deliv-
y or entirely lost, say advices
from company sources. Two of the
Cambria mines are attempting to
work with 7R lo 150 strike-breakers, mostly taken from the steel
mills overhead—men for the most
part utterly untrained for their new
work.
These Cambria steel mines, again
organized, had been unionized during the steel strike of 1919, but the
union there was practically crushed
at the close of that struggle. The
Cambria miners are lighters, and
with the support of the national
miners' movement they Intend to
make organisation slick this tithe.
The flght to hold theBe late
non-union fields, especially the
Cambria mines and the great-Somerset County region of 12,090 miners will be one of the hardest fights
of the union at fhe closo of (he
strike. To make whatever, agreement is reached for the Industry
apply to these formerly non-union
fields will be a difficult matter, but
union men say unless that Is done
there will, be no peace in these important mining communities.
Strike morale In Windber, the
Berwlnd-White town around which
cluster nearly 5000 miners, is as
good as nny former non-union town
I have seen, and the numerous active spirits among the rank snd
file there say they will flght till the
union ls recognised. In some of
the Somerset County towns morale
Is weaker, but it must be remem-
bored that WIt\dber Is the key-
spot and Industrially by-far the
most Important, ita men'working
pretty steadily on standing steamship and public utility contraots. '■
Ability to hold out on a strike
depends on supplies of food,'shelter
and money. In the dlstriot As il
whole Individual oases of destitution can usually be cared for locally at the present time, and for some
time to come, but there are certain
mining communities where there
has been Uttle or no work for
months, in some instances for more
than a year. In such cases outside
help ls necessary. Such a "placo is
the Broad Top region in 'Bedford
and Huntington counties- where
3000 miners live. Some 550 of these
families have lived on charity for
a year. John Brophy Is now on a
tour of inspection in this region,
Special arrangements are being
made for such communities, but
these impoverished centres are the
most serious difficulty with which
the union is confronted. Thoy are
more serious than the eviction evil,
for so far the 750 imported tents
have been more than sufficient to
meet the needs of evicted families
who had not already been taken ln
by,other miners, or by farnWif., or
found shelter for themselves/
So far the strike-breaker evil has
been annoying, but not very serious. With a national mine strike,
the difficulty of securing strikebreakers from outside Ip any quantities is enormous. In Windber, for
instance, out of 750 strikebreakers
imported, less than one hundred
have stuck, and most of these are
untrained men. There are still
fewer local strike-breakers—so
coal production there is negligible.
Morale on tho whole Is excellent
ERNARD SHAW has writtenttection    which    no    sensible   man
jj a .sca^Mfrr^cttb_$.jBR^-tiie
^-^--^English prison system in a
long preface to Sidney and Beatrice Webb's "English Prisons Under Local Government," published
recently.
Like all Shaw's Work, It Is provocative. The criticism is brilliantly incisive, the parallels show
our penal system In all its absurd inconsistency and how the
majesty of the law is merely tho
masquerading of a mountebank.
Contending that social conditions
arc often prison -li I _e-i—the school,
the factory, the -office, the home,
ure prisons, says Shaw—he puts
forward the view that "it is very
hard to convince the ordinary citizen that the criminal is not belter
off than he deserves to be, and.
indeed, on the yerge of being positively pampered."
"G. B. S.," after hinting at the
desirability of a six months' sentence Incognito for Judges, magistrates and home secretaries to enlighten them, runs his saber right
through the prison commissioners
for declaring that imprisonment
must be (1) retributory (the word
vindictive, he says, Is not in official
use); (2) It must be deterrent;
and (3), it must be reformative.
To propose to punish and reform
people by tho same operation is
exactly as If you were to take a
man suffering from pneumonia and
attempt to combine punitive and
curative treatment.
A good deal of the preface Is
devoted to an examination of the
official argument that imprisonment and more extreme punishment such as death deter the
criminally inclined.
Declaring that the law often refuses to act because It disturbs society, he tells the story of a friend
who, hearing of a legacy, "lent
himself the expected sum out of
his employer's cash, concealed the
defalcation by falsifying his accounts, and was detected before he
could pay. IJis employers, because
of publicity and loss of time and
Tfrjthe plea that human life is
money, did not prosecute, and th*i3ncred' he *&* lne stft? should
detinauent rained a n_-«r nn_t a/-_>_.*!™t   set   the   example   of   killing,
delinquent gained a new post after
supporting himself as a church organist.
"It may be said that whatever
the losses and inconveniences may
be. It Is a public duty to prosecute," Shaw continues.
"But is it? Is it not a Christian duty not to prosecute?" and
he goes on to show by a peraonal
case that prosecution is not "the
best way."
"A man stole 1500 from me by
a trick, He speculated on my
character with subtlety and success; and yet he ran risks of de-
wouid have ventured "on.
"It was assumed ^that I should
•resort to the police. "J asked why?
Tho answer was that he shoirldbe
punished to deter others from similar crimes,
"I naturally said: 'You have
been punishing people cruelly for
more than a century for this kind
of fraud; and the result is I am
robbed or 1,00. Evidently your
■deterrence does rfbt deter. Whatj
it does do is to torment the swindler for years and then throw him
back for a worse man in every respect upon society, With no other
employment open to him except
that of fresh  swindling.'
" 'However, your elaborate plan's
to deter me from prosecuting are
•convincing and effective. I could
raise f500 by .-useful work In the
time it would take me to prosecute
this man vindictively and worse
than uselessly'."
On another occasion a drunken!
woman obtained admission to
Shaw's house "by presenting an
authentic letter from a soft-hearted member of the House of Lords.
She actually intervlewfed tilth after having stolen his overcoat,
"most perfunctorily concealed under her jacket. When I called he*
attentlon to it she handed It back
to mo effusively, begged me tb
shake hands with her, and went
away."
But, aays the law In effect, If the
government does not do something
to organize and regulate popular
vengeance, the population will take
it into Its own hands.
Shaw admits taht this plea must
be taken Into account, but that the
level of civilization is the determining facor as to* how far the popu-*
lace would go.
For the monsters of society-
people who tortuw their children,
whe throw lighted lamps--at their
Wives—for whom prison is useless,
haw advocates killing tliem by the
lethal chamber.
flubbing rioters With police batons
or dropping bombs on & sleeping
eity. "Imprisonment does not spar*
liTe—lt takes it, and wastes it In
the most cruel way."
If Dickens showed the law to be
an ass, Shaw has shown it to have
a large strain of the mule, and he
also shows that the remedy is outside, not inside, the prison dpor—
that people are either forced tO
prison by the conditions outside or
are of a mentality which no imprisonment can cure. — London
Daily Herald.
Alt SPEED
German Industry Crippled
by Lack of Coal and
Raw Materials
{By Louis P. Lochner]
(.European Director the Federated
Press)
Berlin, Germtfny -— The view
generally propagated in the capitalistic press or other countries,
that German industry is fully employed, is erroneous, according to
Theodor Lef-part,-president of'the
German Federation of Free Trado
Unlohs, thc riien-bef-fhi'p of which
Is 8,000,000. Lack of sufficient
coal, shortage bf raw materials,
and the decreased purchasing power of the mark are assigned by
Lei-part as causes why German industry is not winking at top speed,
'The lack of sufficient coal compels industry in many cases to restrict its oporations," said Lelpart.
"The Leuna Works, for instance,
have been obliged to reduce their
dally output by 500 tons. -Coal is
still rationed. Factories receive
only 60 per cent, of the quantity o.
coal they formerly received,
"As for tlie shortage of raw materials, this Is due to the fact that
the very low value of the German
Currency makes it Impossible to
purchase sufficient raw materials
abroad. The purchasing capacity
of the German people has decreased enormously while that of the
working class Is practically nil.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
New York—"So long as they (thetands  of  flags and   banners were
great powers) openly or secretly
fight against Soviet Russia, the
Russian people,.. no matter how
great may be their suffering, will
continue to bear arms," says Karl
Radek tn an article in the June 15
issue of Soviet Russia, published
here.
Seattle — The Central Labor
Council has protested to the blacksmiths' international against the
suspension of Local 211 for Insubordination. The local began constitutional action recently to reduce
expenses at International headquarters by circulating an Initiative
petition asking for the removal of
excess number of vice-presidents,
The union was suspended as a result and would have lost Its charter but for a court order.
Seattle—Miners of District 10
embracing the State of Washing*
ton, are voting on the recall of Sum
Caddy, International executive
board member, and Frank Cook,
district vice-president. They are
charged with introducing dissension in the'district by representing
international officers and attempting to introduce a pro-Lewis control of the district.
MOSCOW, Russia.—The American White Star line has made a
series of definite proposals to the
People's Commissariat for Foreign
Trade for establishing regular and
frequent ship service between the
United States and Soviet Russia.
Under the terms of the proposals,
the White Star line will undertake
the transport both of passengers
and of goods. The offer Is now
under advisement by the soviet
government.
NEW TORK.—A general conference of workers ln the metal
crafts, to formulate plans to fight
the "open shop" movement has
been called by the eastern district
conference of the Amalgamated
Metal Workers of America, representing 7000 workers. The conference also adopted a resolution
demanding the release of all political prisoners thrown Into jail for
their economic beliefs, and pledged
financial, moral and political support to the striking coal miners
and textile workers, President
Harding' and congress were urged
to unite on a policy looking to tht
prompt recognition of the Russian
soviet government.
Tlio Mny Demonstration In Moscow
The May First demonstration In
Moscow was participated ln by the
entire population. In the Hed
Square Trotzky received the oath
of allegiance of 40,000 Red Guards
in the presence of representatives
of the Communist International,
tho Red Trade Union International, the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of Russia, and of
Soviet officials. The Red Army
swore to defend Soviet Russia and
the World Revolution with the last
drops of their blood.
It required six hours for the parade of the Moscow proletariat to
pass the reviewing Btand, * Thous-
carrlcd in the parade in which
500,000 people took part. Most of
the slogans referred to the united
front of the world proletariat
against the world bourgeoise.
Twenty airplanes flew over Red
Square during the demonstration.
All Moscow was decorated with
rod flags. The swearing of the
oath of allegiance concluded with
salvoes of artillery. The impress-
Ion of this tremendous demonstration will be unforgettable for all
the participants. O'Grady, who Ib
at present in Moscow as representative of the Amsterdam Trade
International and took part ln the
demonstration, doclared it to have
been the largest demonstration he
had experienced in his life.
all through the district. The Issue
has been badly stated as "the strikers' stomachs against the coal pile."
The strikers' stomach is being
squeezed, but Brophy and .his follows think the coal pile la In a
worse plight so they are In an optimistic mood.
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist Cflti render valuable nssistanco by renewing their subscriptions as soon as thoy are duo, nnd
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It docs, not take much
effort to do this,   try it.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Hie greatest assistance that tho
•coders of The Fnleraitonlst can
•enrter as nt thto time, is by scour*
Ing a new subscriber. By doing -ao.
you tmrend the news of the working class movement and assist nt
Russia Needs
Outside Help
(Continued from page I)
country ever knew," hs said,
"The position of Russia, however, makes It Impossible to realise that program now. I know
of teachers who, when I left
Russia in March, had not yet
received  their  Ootober salary."
Epstein takes issue with the
contention often heard In continental Europe, that ths hew
Russian regime ts largely a
Jewish regime, "as a matter of
fact, 09 per cent, of the Jews In
Russia are at heart anti-communist," he averred. 'The reason for this Is obvious: the Jews
are a commercial and trading
people. The revolution, with Its
abolition of private property, deprived them of practically all
they had.
"If one sees many Jewish
clsrks in governmental offices
and bureaus, this is due, not to
the fact that there are more
communists among the Jews
than among tho gentiles, but
rather to the fact that the Jew
when deprived of his business,
adapted himself to something
else and, finding a need of clerical help in the governmental
offices and bureaus, fitted himself for those positions."
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of Tlie Federatlonist can render valuable nssistanco by renewing their subscriptions as soon ns thoy arc due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It doos not tako much
effort to do thla.   Try lt.
Thousands of new readers will
be added to Tho Fedorationist
mailing list if you help boost the
prize monoy.   Spread the gospel.
You may wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do so" by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
tending in the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
British  Workers   Claim
That Payments Hurt
Trade
<By   The   Federated   Press)
London.—The British workers
are of the opinion that reparations payments cause British
trade more harm than Good,
according to Ben Tillett, former
seoretary Of Dockers' union. Indemnities and reparations should
therefor" either be cancelled or
else be fixed to an amount which
would be within the German's
capacity   to   pay.
"According to reliable data the
cost of the armlet of occupation
exceeds the value of the payments In kind," says Tillett.
"Furthermore, while enormous
payments in kind are exacted
from the Germans. 2,000,00 ot
our own workers are unemployed. Not only that they
earn nothing, but they are alao
a burden to the state and so
help  Increase  the  taxes.
Besides these completely unemployed, there are further 8,»
000,000 partially employed, SO
per cent, ot whose earning capacity Is" lost.
"This dreadful position of the
workers is part and parcel of
the crisis in British trade; 50
per cent, of British shipping is
laid up.
White Guards Are Again
Showing Activity
in Poland
(By the Federated Presl)
Lodz, Poland—Sines the recent
close of the Polish parliament,
Whtch exercised a moderate measure Of restraint upon the present
government, renewed persecutions
of the workers have bsen the order
of the day.
The Federation of Farm Hands,
affiliated with the Amsterdam trade
union movement, is the object of
hostile demonstration In which lu
meetings are broken up and Its activities interfered with.
The Communists are singled out
for specially severe punishment,
Here in Lods a worker was sentenced to four years' servioe ln the
penitentiary for no other crime
than that of belonging to the Communist Party, Another worker waa
given six years for the same "offense."
At Lemberg, a Communist was
recently sentenced to Ave years* en
forced labor because of "agitation."
GUT A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that the
readen of The Federatlonist can
render us at this time, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing so,
you spread the news of tlie working class movoment and assist us
Now lot's mako Tlio Federation'
Ist tlie biggest and best weekly
publication ln the Dominion.
ENGINEERS
TAKE NOTICE
International local 844 a
holding iti meetings every
Thuraday of eaoh month
at 8 p.m., 319 Pender St,
Wert.
NOTICE TO ALL LOGGING MEN
CIIMRTIFA- No. 300 CAM .SKIN SINGLE SOLE STITOIWOWN
BOOT ls tlio lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ovor made.
A   NEW   CREATION
It you uie your feet aa a sledge hammer on hooks, chains, etc
thon buy Christie's No. 60 and go at lt. Waterproof; guaranteed
to hold calks,
Christie Boot Factory
Ring tip rhoue Seymour 2351
for appointment
Dr. W, J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite  SOI  Dominion Bdlldlflfc
va>{Cotjv_:r, B. c.
Mainland
Cigar Store
31* CAftllALL STltEI.T
THE PLAOE POR PIPES
COAL
VALE SOOTU-M
AND
NANAIMO
S—tom *-*
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL COMPANY
1440 ORANVILLE Ser- *CH
"FELLOW-WORKES"
0* J. Mengel
Writes aU CUunes of Insatf.
nice. Representing only flut-
ctaas Board companies. It Insurance It wanted, wrlta or
Shone Bey. 668«.
<M_oe address, Tt!* Board of
Trade Bldg., Vancourer, B.C.
/
LABOR
often causes the spine to
become deranged
CHIROPRACTIC
soientinoally reliews the
nerve strain and a cure is
effected.
James Bryson
p. C, N. D.
CHIROPRACTOR
Kit lee building
Broadtvay and Mala
Open every evening for the
convenience ot workers.
Phone Fair. SSS
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
hii Butt* aim
fcndsy ssnttNi 11 •.__ 4_4 T.I0 pj
lender out* tuurdutef l.ll.wfl
■offlnf t.rtlu.    Wedneidar !Ht_--_li
SSI liVt *• "
UNION MAN!
tn that dart hour what symtk-
thr and haat service Count
muoh—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
tU XINGBWAY, VANCOUVER
Vlsoat, IFaltmotsi tt
EMPIRE CAFEl
AND GRILL
"A Oood Waco te Bat"
HASTINOS AND COLOMBIA
TBE TBLMHONl! at yonr elbow
■aimi to ilmitlt tn Imminent, lti
dou Itl work 10 quietly >nd
quickly, thit It U (ilUcull to mill!
thl vut end complex equipment, thl
delicate ind minllold idjiiilmonti, thoi
ceiielin hunin tin la lhi nntril
Dill 01.
It It thi skill behind tha iitnaa,
together with lotentillo development
end conitrucUon, efficient nmlntenanco
ind operation, which mill lt possible
for you lo rely upon thl telephoee
day and night.
BlttlSB COLOMBIA fBLBNtOm
OOMPAJTT
BB SORB YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOV ASK FOR
-CIDER-
and Non-nloohollc wines of all
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSE
MHNTEBS, WBLISHSES, STEEBO-
TT_>EBS AND BOOIBIKDEES
1120 HOWE STREET
Onion Oflelila, write for pricei.   V
give gATm.AOTlON,
______________ Friday June 2», 1922
FOURTEENTH YEAR.    NO. 22      iHE   BRITISH   CUHjjjj-fllA  FEDERATIONIST    VANCOCYEB. b. a
PAGE THREE
j
-RVE. BLOCKING
PAIN
/         *~
'-Jk_t
/
;'^7
/
7
-• _.«
•hi;-'
• e«y)
/
OnesPhas?_jrf tko Struggle
Don't Be
Afraid!
"Nerve Blocking''
methods is used in my
office, enable- me to do
any kind of work oh
your tee|h without
causing you "inconvenience.
"Nerve Blocking," as practiced in my office, is thoroughly safe and scientific.   It is based on the practice approved and used by the highest dental authorities.
I uso those methods In every form ot work liable to cause pain.
KxrnEssiox
PLATES
CROWN AND
BHinGEWOKJC
DENTAL X-RAY
_Wt___*MENT
Dr. Brett Anderson
60S Hutings fit. West
Bank of Nova Scoila Building
Usette Sey. »»31
DR. BUKTT ANDERSON, formerly member ot tbe Faculty ol the
ColKte el Dntiitry, Vldvsr*'lr of Soatkern Cllllornia, Lecturer on
CroH-a sat IMdf-werk, DeMonitralor ia Flitework nd Operative
Dentistry, Local Md Qelieral __Mlt_ti.il. ;
Vancouver Unions
ALLISD   HUmtm  TRADES  COOT-
oil—MeeU    aecond    Uondsy   In    tke
month.    Preeldent, J. B. White;  ncrf
tary, R. B. Huland* P. O. Bee ••.
s_M* Bwtohe-it «a
MM er S-BHBS (cr boUsr
BRIOKLA!
need OH ,_._ —   -
worka,   etc.,   or  ntrbli  lettere,   phone
BrloUsyeri1 Onion, Lsbor Temple.
Sta may wish to —it) TM ***•
eratloaM. You cna do so by renew-
Big your subscription ji-OMVtty aad
sending tn the subscription ot yoar
friend or neighbor.
BoOst this week's competition.
  ■ __!
t NATIONAL OKION O.  El-
„__,_--«   men   asm.   s-Sond   »J*
fos-tb We-heeday. st sick iuath, it tl
Cordon St. W., st S ».»■   0. Mitchell,
-Becretary-Treiaorer..  F
CANADIANtU
BEBVIOB    l
-ottth We-hiei
CARPENTERS' BROTHERHOOD, Loesl
15S—Preetdwt, W. Daiui: Secretary,
W. J. MaiMi; Button! Agent, 0. C.
Thom. Offlce Dot Lsbor Hall. Most!
aecond and fourth Monday st 8 p.rn. in
Labor Hill. '	
,S' ONIT OF THE
 it — «_Snd| art*
l_Ul».   Been 2nd snd ith
- '   Pender Hsll,
ws   Streets.
GENERAL WOB)
0. B. U.
tary, 0. 0.
Wedneaday in osok month I
corner  ol   P_adt_   tnd
Pbone Beymoar 111.
1MKHNAT1UNAL    1A>
'on;    Loctl
HUN'S
AuoeUtlon, Loctl IIM—OBce tad
hsll, IM Cordora St. W. HeeU Snt
snd third rritsn, • pm. •eoretsir-
tresesrer, T, Nixon; bnelneee sgent, P.
Sinclair,   ;?
trial nnlsB ol __.*»-_•.» in lor
ling sad eottitrnetloa campa. Cout Dlatrlct and Oenersl HesdonS-tera, et Cot-
ten Bt. W, taasnnr. 11.0. ntsm My.
tresesrer; legal airliera,   Beailt     .
Mtet-Mtlt * Co, Tlneeerlr, B. C.t andl.
liter A CiBino, VI
  - _ ._)., TM
Wis, Beieri. Belter
nr, B. ti.
nt»_d*.t _ft __a.Ah.d. Onion or
£ C—rormerly Firemen snd Oilers'
Cnlen ol Britlah Colnmbia—Meeting
night, Snt ssd third Wedneidiy ol eseh
mont- st IM Msln   Strut.    Preeldent.
 _        Ag«._        ...
Trend-, t«T iohsaon Bt., VHtsrii, B. 0.
BROTHERHOOD Of PAINTERS, DEOO-
ntora snd Paperkaagere  ol  America,
LMai  ltt,  Vsnconter—BelU  Shd and
" inredaTl at  Its Cordon St. W.
dth Thoredarl
Shone ley. til
trker.
411. Bulneaa sgent, B. A.
0. B. U. UNIT riLE DRIVERS. WOOD,
en Bridgemen, Derrtekmen and Itlggera
ol Vanconver snd rlclnltr. Mei'te iterr
Honday, 0 p.m., In u. B. U. Ball, 10)
Peader St. W. Preildent, W. Tacker;
flnanolal iecretary and bulneli agent, C.
Anderaon.     Phone  Blyatosr IH.
sp^VP5SrBEsS5
—MMta A. 0. P. Ball, Mosal Pleasant
lit ssd Ird Bsndsn st 10.11 km.
B.m. Preildent, T, A. Hooter, MOS
Brim -icscdlng'ieiritsry, t.-B. orll	
447—6th Avenue Eait; tresinrer. E. S.
a» «» iti \ &
fStt Street; _■» corner Mb. shd Bkls
Sta.  Phone Pair S004R.
—uf H_WWE_f_iI____ER   BHANI
of the 0. B. U. meeti on the third
Wedneediy of every mouth, everybody
welcome.
Provincial Unions
PBHtOE bupbit, a. a.
• PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Counoll, 0. B. U. Branchei: Prince
Bopert Dlatrlct Pleherlea Board, O.B.U.;
Metalllferoua Mlnere* Dlitrlet Board,
O.B.O. Slcrearrtreatnrtr, g. 0. Bu
SIT, Prince Unpin.
-Cleft, Ukranla (by mall)—IH or,
der to bring pressure to bear upon
the Polish government, which is
showing great dilat'orlness ln com.
ing to an agreement with Russia
over points at Issue, tho Ukrnlnan
Sovet government has temporarily
elosed tho Polish frontier to all
commercial traffic. No goods of
any kind may bs Imported (rom
Poland. Tha mahufgaoturere ot
Lodz are particularly hard ML
tls© the special coupon this weok.
UWON MM., ATTEWT10W
Tht Maryland Oafe
03 HAITIHOI STRUT WSIT
Is a itrletly Onlsa Bonn sad worth
pstrsalslag.   Only Dnlta Beats bs-
(wasa OtatMs aad Oolamblt Stmti.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 H COKDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Mates Reasonable
SLATER
BROS.
Free Delivery
We WIU have SpOrlal deliveries
oa Saturday to Hastings E„
Vancouver Heights, Colllngwood,
Grnadvletv, Fraser Avonue,
Maia St. SonUi, Falrrlew West
Avenues, Eburne, West End and
Paint Orey,
Phone
your  orders,
small.
large  or
It* Haatings E...Ptionc Soy. 8202
1111 GranvlUe.l'honc Sey. IHO
StM Main st Phone Fair. 188S
SSO Granvllle.Phonc Sey, MS
(Under New Management)
...,».,... OS ie;e e ,f im
IB* William W. Dunnel '
•Vim UTTER blindness and black
reaction of the little group of
financial and Industrial oligarchs,
who reign unchecked in America
today, creates _6Me peculiar p'rob-
lems _or the revolutionary movement to solve.
There 'is a liberal sentlmenf in
the United States, represented by
sueh men'as _-__oOet_>, Borah, In
the Senate, Carter Harrison Villard
the New Republic group, the more
radical Freemen, the supporters of
the Civii Liberation Cnlon; a number ot ministers of the various in-
te-ftretations of gospel ahd considerable number of lawyers and men
and women of other professions.
There Is the American Federation of Labor, which is neither liberal or radical officially, but which
quite often, ahd for Instance, on the
ouestioh of the recognition of the
Soviet government, is more reactionary than the state department.
All these groups from time to
time matte proposals which they
believe will make for Increased
happiness and security of livelihood lor the masses of the people.
Never do the revolutionary - working claaa organizations to tee eye te
eye with these groups In the matter ol methods and measures. Generally speaking, lt ls enough to secure condemnation for ameliorative
measures from the revolutionary
organisations for them to be what
they are or for them to emanate
from liberal or backward labor
groupa.
Consequently, it haa often happened In the past, that the capitalist press and the revolutionary
press gave voice to tho same bitter
opposition to proposals ler immediate relief from aome crying evil
although for different motives.
Nevertheless, the conservative
labor officialdom of. this country
has found ln this phenomenon a
Weapon ready to their hand. The
propaganda against' the revolutionary movement they have tound
most effective in the pointing out
of concrete instances where revolutionists have been.dividing labor
on issues which labor was willing
and ready to flght.
This brings me to an Immediate
question which the convention of
the American Federation of Labor
how in session poses for the rest,'
littionlsts of the United states.
The Supreme Court, by its de.
clsion in the Coronado ease places
all labor organizations and even
the co-operative organizations of
the farmers at the mercy ot the
organized exploiting interests who
have shown only too plainly their
intention to eliminate all organ!
SdtionS of the tollers no matter
how conservative tlley may be. By
Its decision On the child-labor law
the supreme Court re-affirms its
position as the foremost agency of
&, . i iHilieeii'rtes I i ta'
'capitalist goVefasg'fiBti-,  These are
two facts that not even" t1tO--H!ost
4_tack«_ hy G>mptn-
tCohtlnued from page 1)
A. F.of LEmtorws
Free Transfer tfCinfe
(Continued trom page 1)
not Mj give particulars.    The In
tent  lib  bef^(lliMflril«th__t!Bs|l
qiirteiess ahd optimistic ]ltverf."01"t"_-''Sfatftr' "Both   ii \hese gentle-
SI
Alberta Creamery
Butter, t lbs	
From 1 a.m. to 11 a.m., with
every pound of Streaky Bacon
at -Oc
Slater's Red Label Tea,    *|
S lbs. for    «P A
Reg. 45c.   7 a.m, to li a.m.
Slater's Famous Government
Creamery Butter, £•■   Og
3 lbs  V1 et*\0
EXTRA SPECIAL
Slater's famous Sugar, Cured
Roll Bacon, weighing from 3
to 6 lbs.; specially cured for
boiling for your week-end
plcnlo. Reg. Sle *_<*J_.n
lb. Extra special..   Alt*.
Slater's Sugar Cured Breakfast
Streaky Bacon, BI
8 lbs. for      apt
Slater's Roll Bacon, Qft_»
3 lbs. for  9UC
MEAT DEPARTMENT
Quality Pot Roasts trom, per
lb , IS He
Quality Oven Roaata   from,
per lb lStfc
Quality Rolled Roasta from,
per lb , ..SOo
Quality Boiling  Beef  from,
per tb 00
Quality Stewing Beef, 2 lbs.
for  SSo
Pork Roasts, per lb. ..
 too
Veal Roasts from, lb.
Veal Stew, per lb, .,.,
.....ISO
Veal Lets, per lb. 	
>SKd
Veal Loin Roast* from, per
B, 0. Fresh Eggs,
S doien 	
SI
Sugar Cured  Plcnlo  Hams,
!T  23ic
At
Slater Bros.
Stores
For Twsnty Tiara ws Mn lian-4 this flaloa Stamp for an uader oar
VOLUNTARY ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OTJB STAMP IKSUIISl
Piacitul OoUieUn Borgilalag 1 ,
Forbldi Both Strlkei aad lockout!
BliitttM Sittud by ArbitrsUoa
Steedr BrnplitanaiTend Ikllltd Werkmssahlp
Prompt Dilltirtie to Oitlin aat PnMle
Fuel Sal SueciH to Worken and BaiploysM
Ftsspsrlty st Shoe Miking Oomaultln
As loyal aaloa sua aat women, ws ssk
yoa to tsasat i_eei Marias  IM   itm
Valoa Stamp oa Sols, Iniola or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
248 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
OolUs Lowly, Oinim pteildeil    Ohirln L. Bilni, Bonirsl lee Treii.
Lumber Workers
News and Views
fresh Out riowers, runsral Designs, Wsddiag Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamontil and Shads Trass, Said-, Bulbs, Florist!' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NBBSBBYMEN
_— 8T0BES-»
tl Hastings Street -Ult 7M Oranv111.
(srtnout .81-671 Seymour 0513
SEND TO QUEBEC FOR MEN
From reports recently at hand
.we understand that the Loggers'
Association are sending to the
Province of Quebec lor three
hundred men for the logging
camps on the Pacific Coast. This
In spite of the fact that there
are hundreds c.t men here who
are unable to weuro . employment. One would think that Uf
Provincial Ctoverrntnt as wel1
as tho City authorities in Vancouver would object to bringing
men here who probably will be
on  the  bread  line  noxt winter.
This- is a move on the part of
the "boss loggers'' to prevent
wages from going up. Wages on
the American side of the line are
from seventy-five cents to a dollar per day higher than they are
on this side; yet we find this
Association of our . masters
attempting to transport men for
two thousand miles ln order to
further reduce wagos. Every
effort will be made to make
known, to these men in the East
the purpose for which they are
being asked to come  here.
Hicks' employment agency appears to be getting ln a bad
way. It ls dally becoming more
difficult to secure men who will
hire through that office. At present a large number of jobs are
being put up In the Government
Employment office, but seeing
that the men for the damps
mostly have to pass through
Hicks' Agency that does not
remedy the situation to any
marked extent,
The black-list which has been
Used against the aotlve members
of the Lumber Worker's Union
has done its work and dona It
well, but today the "boss loggers" ars rsaplng tha affects of
that blacklist. The black-list
forced hundreds of experienced
men to leave this part ot the
country, and go elsewhere. All
thoae who took an active part
ln the affairs of the union were
black-listed, and forced to either
leave the country or Btarve.
These men were all experienced
woodsmen who Aad spent years
at that kind of work. Today the
master* loggers require these
men, because the woods are full
of inexperienced men and that
means reduced profits tor the
master.
With a little organised effort,
properly directed, we should be
able to crush forever the black
list. Today economic conditions
has put us in a better position
te strike a smashing, blow at the
black-list than we havo over
been ln before, and this opportunity must be seised hold ofr
If we art able to smash the
black list we have torn down
the main barrier which prevented thla union from progressing,
Not only could a little organized effort smash the black-list,
but lt could also raise wnges
considerably, The, present harvest being reaped by the "tyce"
loggers is by far groater than
anything they have evor reaped
In the past. Tho domand for
lumber ls good, the supply ol experienced men ls limited—thanks
to the black-list—thn master
loggers must fill thcir contracts
or lose their orders, everything
Is favorable for a drive for more
wages, and any othor Improvement In camp conditions that
may be desired. Why then not
get busy and put In a demand
for a wage Incrense? All that
is required Is a little collective
action.
standpat labor leader win dispute
and on this one tanre, if oh nothing else, the Ameriean Federation
of -Labor, the Weernettonai officers
ahd the affiliated membership will
light.   It is a light (or existence.
Senator Lafoltette, thc best-
hated mail lti the legislative halls
of this nation, was brought to the
convention by the executive counoil of the A. F. of L. f«r the purpose of arousing the delegates to
the danger their organisations
faced, indicating plainly that this
opponent ot the war was onoe
more porsona grata with the
Oompers group atyl to outline a
plan of action.
Lafollette delivered a denunciation ot the supreme court and its
successful attempts to bver-rlde
the expressed Will of congress that
inflamed the. delegates to 0. hlgn
pitch of resentment, that created
a bitter hatred tor the employers
and their Instrument—the su.
preme court; hts speech waa i
phllllpic bulwarked by cunning
logic—K wa aecei>t the premise,
as the delegates did, that democracy cah exist lti a class society
—that will rahk With the classics
of invective.
But what remedy did he ad
vocate? Did he say that Use su-
preme court, having usurped its
authority, HaU forfeited US right
to exact obedience to Its mandates?   No, indeed!
what he Proposed Was
s0met_hn*3 that actually
recog-iibes that stolen
authority by enacting a
MEASURE fo REGULATE _T.
He suggested a constitutional
amendment giving congress the
right to re-pass a law declared
unconstitutional by the supreme
court and thereby but lt Into
effect,
To this the delegates agreed
with delirious enthusiasm whieh
left no doubt ih the mlhd of ah
Observer that they believed Lafollette had hit upon a scheme for
circumventing the cunning employers. In practice this proposal
simply means that the real rulers
would devote a little more attention to congress and that seats ln
that body might become as valuable as those on the supreme
bench, In a nation where thb
ability to give or deny employment Is vested In a few Individ-*
uals and where all educational
and publicity channels are so well
controlled this is a harmless
scheme so far as curbing the
power of the capitalist class I*
concerned. Most revolutionists
will dismiss it with a shrug of the
shoulders and it has already been
ridiculed ln the radical press,
Let us see what the big capital"
Is thinking ol this typelal reform
that Is to be brought about by re-
formistlc methods for which there
IS adequate constitutional precedent.
The Cincinnati Enquirer is ah
organ of what Lafollette calls
"bit bhslhess." It ls owned by the
McLaine family who also oWn the
Washington Post. Both are organs of the black reaction mentioned In the beginning ol this
article. .Ned McLaine of the
Washington Post ls the personal
friend and adviser of President
Harding. There ls no more uncompromising hater of labor in
the United States. The views expressed by these papers are the'
views of the gigantic plunder-
bund which decides the destinies
of the workers of this nation.
On the day following Lafol-
lette's speech the Enquirer carried
an editorial entitled "Crush This
Infamous Thing!" I quota the
most important paragraphs:
Aimed at the very heart of
tlie American form ol representative government Is tho
shall ot Unitod states Senator Robert M. Lutollcttc,
loosed In tlio presence ol tho
delegates ol tlie convention ol
lho American Federation ol-
Labor. Not Lenine nor yet
Trotzky could have devised a
nuii-o perfect engine of des- ,
traction thah ho proposed.
What he ndvocale- Is the
overturning ol tho work of
tlie Fathers who wrote that
greatest ot all Instrument*—
greater even than Magna
Charta—tlie Federal Constitution, which lias stood, Gib- .
raltar-llke, against Insldloua
nullification, armed treason
and demagogic attack for a
century and a hall and to-day
serves as a model for the
brood ol young republic's jut
born nf travail and the war
against Kings. Today then Is
rising a protest against tho
merging ol the legislative and
executivo departments and
President llnnllng alts In tha
White Houso largoly en that
account. Tlie Wisconsin senator now proposes that aU
three departments shall be
forcibly united and power
given to Congress to hotym
sway Over III. Mid property,,,,
that tlie Judges nliall alt at
the feel of the majority In
legislative halls and that the
congressional roll-call shall
lakes the place nf substantive
justice while the chained ex- ■
ccutlvo enforces Ita decrees.   ...
Were it not from tho lips
of Lafollette the proposal
would bo act down as refined
folly, and wore It not rebellious
It would be regarded as riillc.
ulotis. As (or him who advocates this anarchy and for
those who applaud his detestable act, here Is a couplet
that well fits the situation, a
situation, It may bo aald that
horrifies tlio true lover of
good government.   It Is this:
No rogue e'er (elt tile halter
draw
With   good   Opinion   of   tlie
law,
inent knew that the editors comprising the mem-crahip of The
Federated Press, the majority of
whom arc A. F. of L. editors,
sit in daily judgment upon those
news reports, *afi'_ -hat it would
be impossible for the editorial
staff to go very (ar In the direction of any group without being
sumniarlly checked up. They
know that the very nature of the
organization makes it certain
that the principle enunciated in
the preamble of its by-laws shall
be strictly adhered to. This principle is:
"It shall be the general policy
oi the association that its news
service must be handled absolutely without bias for or against
tlie principles 0. the several
4-oul>B reln-esehted ln the BiWri-
bershlp."
Not Menace lo A. F. o* L.
Mr. Oompers and Mr. Woll
both know that The Federated
Press Is Hot a menace to tbe A.
F, of L., whatever It may be to
certain leaders, they know that
Its function is nonpolitical and
that it can give Utterance to no
Opinions, but must content Itself
wilh Objective reports oh th*
activities of the varloua groups
within the working claaa movements of the world.
These men know (hat Tht
Federated Press don not make
the news. The news comes ready
made, and Mr. Gompers and Mr,
Woll make a large part of it, If
these two men have, ever
appeared in an unfavorable light
it ls becauso they, have failed
to give proper attention to the
aort of news they were creating.
If there haa been a preponderance of news from groups other
than the Gompers-Woll group,
they are to blame. These men
htve sabbtaged The Federated
Press ever since it started because they realised that It was a
rank and nle organisation and
not here to take ordera from
them.       H
Endorsed by Miners
It ls true that the k. V. of L.
has not endorsed fhe Federated
Press. But many othtr state
ahd local organisation have. In
fact, there has not been a single
instance ln whicli endorsement
was asked that it was not en.
thusiastleally given, The most
recent cases are the United
Mine Workers of America, the
districts and sub-districts of the
organization in Iowa, Illinois,
Indih'na, Michigan and Pennsylvania, to say nothing of the
.Illinois, Wisconsin, Utah and
Missouri   Federations  of  Labor.
We repeat, it Is true that Mr.
Gohtpera and Mr. Woll have not
endorsed The Federated Press.
They have never been asked for
Such action. Mr. Oompers ahd
Mr. Well never endorse ataythlhg
they' personally cannot control,
ahd they cannot control The
Federated Press,
" The Federated Press is responsible  to Its editor  members, Who
pasB upon its administration, it
Is Imbedded in the rahk ahd file
trade unloh movement ot the
country. That Is the real -ea
eon - for the hysterics of Gompers and Woll. That ls the real
reason they are., setting up a
pi-ess bureau. They Want to
keep the light of knowledgo
from tho workers of the nation.
In this they are true brothers of
the boss.
tie details of this kind that the
chine shows itself jealous Of any
encroachment en Its prerogatives.
BUt two more I'esMuttehs' remain
oft which a test of the radical sentiment in the convention may oc-
ctr; they are this administration
resolution denouncing tht Soviet
government, and another introduced by Lynel of Peoria, endorsing
tile stand of Howat and Dorchy
against the KansaS'industrial court
law. Following the report of the
resolution committee, Gompers called upon various dolegates for short
talks pending the hour of adjournment. Out of the welter of stereotyped expressions of (eve tor lahor
ahd vague hopes for<uturevlctortf,
ohly Green, of the United Mine
Workers, sounded a i—\ fighting
note. Thanking yie delegates for
a standing vote ot solidarity with
the miners In thttr great Struggle,
he said, "the miners prefer to
fight and lost than to submit without a struggle." Ht cited tht terri
ble obstacles against which they
are contending, ranging from Injunctions to evictions thd m\i-d*r,
ahd told the delegation that later
the miners might call upon them
fir something mor. substantial
thnn sympathy,
Gompers and Morrison denounced the Clncannatl Ehitulrer for AB
editorial entitled "crush this Infamous thing," dealing with Lafol-
life's speech, ahd the hostile attl
thde o( the federation toward the
supreme court. Gompers seized
the occasion to call attention to the
attacks upon him, ahd in charac
terlstic style, challenged every
thing in the world except the capitalist system. He told of his service durihg tha war and of the
change In the tOhe of th. prtss now
that the War is over, thd told of
now he might have retired when
the armistice was signed with great
honor and eternal glory, but he said
that he had WrSoeen tht future,
and that he knew his place was in
the front rank, and so here he was
lighting for democracy once more,
and enduring these siurrlllous attacks. The delegates listened and
applauded perfunctorily, but It was
all rather pitiful ahd Oven nauseating. This old man who sent thousands to their graves, and Who turntd the Labor movement over bound
hand and (oot to the machine, now
points with pride to that shameful
record without being challenged,
fhat he can. yet get away'Wtih this
SOrt of thing Is illuminating as
Showing the calibre Ot the dele-
Sates to this -convention. Thtrt
has not been a single word uttered
here to date that Indicates a knowledge ot the faet that atl the Industrial and politieal evil of which
complaint Is voiced in the resolutions, are tht result of a class society, and a class government,
fhere is no indication that this
body is even aware that such a
thing as classes exist, h.r atty sigh
from any source that the Uhlted
States Is travelling the road Of imperialism, and the rally cry of democracy Is the echo bf ah era that
is dead and gone. Nowhere does
the disastrous effect ot the lack of
a sound theoretical basis of war so
plainly show as at this ''parliament
ot American labor." It Is htrt that
revolutionary thinkers are nseded,
but they are not present, and their
pronouncements made from outside do hot penetrate the Convention walls,
Britannia
Beer
FnrSatr at all
ODU-ritaem
Liquor S:orcs
INSTEAD of canjrlBg, have BRITANNU
BEER delivered. Tou will appreciate Boi
Only the relief from "portit*-," but the etstt-
venience of having BiUTANNlA BEEB in ytt-*
own ice chest.   BRITANNIA BEER can be
Delivered to Your Honlt
in from 2 to 10-oase lots. Tou lesre jBur ori*
at the Government Litjuor Store. BBITANNlA
BEER is lh_ bter with the full milt fluvbr.
There is no chsrfc for dolivef'y.
i*hone mat*- na _,
and We win pick np empty bottlea.
Eight-Hour Day and
Closed Shop the Issue
(Continued from page 1)
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necea-
sariiy thdt-ttd by fhe Federation.
Ist, and no responsibility (or the
views expressed Is accepted by the
management.]
Canadian Famine Relief Committee
Editor B. C,federationist: In October, lift, a Canadian famine relief committee was (ormed In Ed-
mbhtoh, (a brahch of tbe Winnipeg
committee), composed of delegate!
(rom various. Labor organizations,
such as the 0. B, U„ the S. P. ot
C, Ukrainian Labor f emple, Laundry Workers, Garmont Workers,
C. N, U. X., Stationary Firemen,
Trades ahd Labor Council and
Others, Throughout the winter,
mass meetings and concerts have
bsen held, our total receipts
amounting to $5033.11, whilst our
disbursements total 14X7.66:
$4811.12 of this amount was forwarded to the central committee at
Winnipeg, besides several consignments of Clothing, etc.
OUr committee has gradually
dwindled down to eight or nine
delegates, several ol the delegates
from the trades organizations going over to tha "Savt the Children
FUnd Committee," which waa formed here ln Feb., 192_,~tea.ing only
* few of the old "stand-bys" to do
tht work, notably our president
slhct its Inception, t. Lakeman,
khoWn to many of our readers, as a
restless Worker in tht class struggle, being One of the consistent and
reliable attenders ot all meetings,
to my recollection unavoidably
missing only two meetings, besides
collecting considerable amounts at
the railway shops, etc. Several
members of the unemployed organization have given a hand on many
occasions, ahd Wert alwayi found
willing to give out leaflets, help
with collections and any other
work that presented itself.
in cbnclusioh,. t may My that
Our committee It Id (ult accord
Willi the decision of the Winnipeg
committee   to   affiliate   with   tht
"FHIhda Of BOrltt ftussla." 'as <*»
realise thtt oor support co**
from ont eltat Only, and that, thb
working claaa.
TOuN to htip tkt famlne-strirt-.
tn in Soviet Russia.
MRS. M. MELLARD,
v Secretary.
Canadian FtUtlne Relief CommltUfc
100$t—lttth Street,
Edmonton, Alta.
Thirty thousand readers daft
Support the Irtderatlonist and #*>*
the paptr fiiilnclal security. A
is worth while, get In and five
your owft paper a hand.
A -We cettpo* Wth overy —Set.
...     U-L tmk
DASHING
•)Mrti ftuits for Town aad
Country
Ttty ltt colorful, vigorous ]oo_l_g
styles. Fringe fruits here snd tkere—
colon include Psrisftn USS, red Sit
reiloe t-n.i. pistil tlstt and ttl
Mlm Ossch inspired Mill. Cipei ly
from ohoulder leami. "Fuhlonslti
«_»»_." isn. lent CuV
wearing tilted Suite.''
"lit
Famous
Oloak k Suit Oo.
M_ E_-_Tfl»g st. ■« attPdto.
LOGGER BOOTS
AU BAUD -At-
$11.50
A Pair—Guaranteed
ORDER YOURS TODAY
TkeNewMetW&M
Ikkiftg ill Rtpiktaf
t»MPA_tt
Nt CARRAU. STIUOM
Send Your Repairs hy *A*B
> Sey. Sf IT
scale t't occupation In the Indus
try; (2) an actual eight-hour
day for day men, aiid (3) cum
plcie union recognition. Our
nttitu -o ls that these are fundamental rlghta or equities and
-lio'.ild 06 accepted by you -li
preliminary to any wage adjust
ment and that they are not
arbitrable matters.
I "In the third place, We hate
that you do hot Include within
the scope of the Jurisdiction of
your proposed tribunal or commission any referehco to labor
costs and profits compared with
other elements ot costs and
profits within the Induitry such
as royalties, freight rates and
profits of coal production and
coal sales companies. Tou practically State that the question of
a reduction iu wages or labor
rests should be arbitrated as a
possible means ot reducing
prices of coal to the consumer.
You doubtless know that we suggested to you a governmental investigation of the excessive
prices of coal to the consumer,
and you refused to accept our
offer. Therefore, for these and
other reasons, wo aro compelled
to ,deoline your proposition. We
am in accord with your contention lhat prices oLjooal should
be reduced, htt***trO believo that
existing wages can be maintained and prices to the consumers of coal be reduced by
the lowering of other unnecessary costs and by the elmlhatlon
of excessive proms in the industry. • • • ,
"Wt cannot agree to any basis
of sottlomont which might ro-
duce the earning possibilities et
the mino workors, as their earnings under existing rntes of pay
are sufficient only for a baro
standard of subsistence for
themselves  and  their  families."
Thus spoaketh the dictatorship
of American capital. And now,
fellow-revolutionist*, I nsk you:
What are wo going to do about
It? Can wc, daro we, While calling for a united front ngainst
Amorican capitalism, afford to
give only lip-soi-vico to tho
struggle to which tho trnde-
unioh movement has pledged
Itself?
It soems to me that wc should
not only Join In, but load, the
flght. If we Cannot do this nnd
at the samo timo keep tho Issuo
clear we are not what we claim
to be—the vanguard ot tho
workers ot the United states
and   Canada.
SYDNEY, ,V. 8. Wales.—BncniiHo
of high prioes asked for meat by
the American meat trust, buyers
are at present In New South Walos
negotiating for the supply ot 8,-
000,000 pounds of meat yearly—at
tho rate of 250,000 pounds per
month—for tin If, 8. army nnd
navy ln Hawaii.
The salt Is being negotiated by
tho Hawaiian Meat Co., Ltd., of
Honolulu, which lms tho contract
for supplying the army and nnvy
with meat.
OMAHA.— Indoromcnt of Thc
Federated Press was voted by tho
Omaha, Contra! Lnbor union nt ltn
regular meoting. /i-filiated unions
wore urged "to give not only their
moral support but also what financial assistance they oan to this
most valuable and necessary Institution to tide It over tho presont
,.,-i-i,„i of di'pri.-.'iloa.'
BREAD and IRON
vs.
Blood and Iron
The dogged resistance of the Russinn
workers of factory and farm, together with
the pressing need of tlio world for poaee
ftlid reconstruction, has forced the diplomats and the powers they represent to
abandon theif policy of "Blood and Iron"
toward Soviet Russia.
Further than that, some of the hostile governments have been shamed into appropriating funds for the relief Of the many millions
of famine sufferers in Russia. This change
toward benevolence, strongly tinged though
it bo with tardiness and mistrust, Is a welcome change; but after all their heart is not
in thc work and they are anxious to abandon it at tho first pretext.
What else could bo the meaning of current reports that, "thc baek of the famine
having been broken," it will not be ncces-
■ary to expend all of tho money appropriated for relief? A moment's consideration of actual conditions in the vast famine
areas will reveal the cruelty of discontinuing relief efforts now.
Millions upon millions of Russia's peasant
people, though rescued from starvation by
a meagre daily dole, are still broken in
health by tho long ordeal ond sudly shaken
in spirit. Thc fearful ravages of civil war
still mar great stretches of their lands and
the blockade has denied them fanning implements, while the little tbey bad has
largely turned to scrap iron.   In the rest
of the country the farmers arc living from
hand to mouth and the city'population Is on
the verge of complete exhaustion, weakened
by thc prolonged diet of inferior black
broad and cabbage soup. ' '
Who that has vision and heart Would
leave them now unaided in their misery to
face sueh a desperate situatlont
What then shall be done! Shall we continue to feed these millions indefinitelyf
No, by no means! But if we are truly
humane, we will continue to assist them until they are strong enough to face the struggle of life with fair chance of victory. And
if wc have vision, we will realise that they
cannot succeed without the modern farming implements that would enable them to
extract from thc soil s thousand loaves
where they now get but onc.
"Bread and Iron" is the policy that must
replace "Blood and Iron." Bread we must
continue to give until strength is restored,
but we must also give "Iron"—plows,
seeders, tractors, reapers, threshers—in
order that that strength may bc productivo
and the danger of a famine recurrence may
be banished. The policy of "Bread and
Iron" must be instituted Immediately. Government red tape cannot be expected to do
il and will not. The peojile must act themselves.
Friend, wc call upou you to do your
utmost.
INTERNATIONAL TOOL DRIVE FOR SOVIET RUSSIA
Authorl_od by the All-Russian Famlno Relief Committeo,  Moscow, and the Workors Inter*
national   Russian   famine   Relief   Committee, Berlin (Friends of Soviet Russia, nfrillated)
Conducted In America under the direction of tho lltlKMis OF KOVI.T III .ssIA   (National Offlco)'
SOI WEST intll STIIKKT NEW YORK CITY
Do You
Vote for
"Bread and
Iron?"
Then Sign
the Boll Call
1 believe ln the policy of "Dread and Iron" toward   Soviet   Russia.
Hero   Is   my   contribution of to help buy food and
farming Implements for the fanilnc-siriukcn peasants of Russia.   Put my
name on tho Roll Call.
Nnmo  Street 	
Ollt  .". Provinco .,	
^i^^^^^.^V^-^^-^iiJ^^^ Page four
fourteenth tear, no. ._   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouve,a a
FRIDAT.;:.
...June  81.   1111 j
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men's single-breasted models, as ia the
sketch, and two and throe-button double-
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this lino it $40. The special offer to Fed.
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REGULAR $40
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BE FALSE
Liebknecht Day in China
China! When we heard this'
word in our childhood, we Im*
agined g, fantastic country; the
land ot the mandarine and tern-
plea, ot the hundred thousand
rode and the millions of people,
«f gigantic towna on the plains
and the rivers; the land of the
calm philosopher Kon-fu-tse and
of great wars and conqueors—a
strange, mysterious world. Well,
much of this romance has disappeared today,. When we report of China now, we speak of
capitalist revolution and a petty
bourgeois republic, of English-
American-Japanese imperialism,
of mines and railway concessions, of child labor, and of the
struggle of the Juvenile proletariat, A gigantic transformation   is  going  on  in  the   oldest
NATIONAL
THEATRE
58 HASTINOS ST. W.
Friday, 23rd
Saturday, 24th
PICTURES
Direct from
Soviet Russia
Taken in Petrograd dur-,
ing the Second Congress
of the Communist International.    Oreat intereat
to all
PBIOES AS USUAL
fcountry of the world, a mighty
struggle ot two worlds. And
nothing can prove as Impressively the power of this transformation and at the same time the
immense force of Communism as
a short report 'of the South
Chinese newspapers on the Liebknecht-Luxemburg Day of the
Young Communist International
in China,
The press of Southern China
reported:
"On January 15th the
Young Socialist League as a
"Marxian Club" and the "Mutual Aid" called a memorial
meeting for Karl Liebknecht
and Kosa Luxemburg In Can-
ton in tho hall of the Kwnng-
si Guild (the guilds In China
are workers' and artisans' corporations similar to those existing ln the Middle Ages). The
meeting was attended by 4000
workers; half Of whom were
sailors on strike and 500 were
vineyard peasants. The meet-
. tng expressed its veneration
for the murdered comrades,
whose pictures adorned the.
walls of the hall. After the
meeting the workers commenced to parade through the
streets. Many thousands of
leaflets with the title "to the
Youth on Liebknecht Day"
were distributed among the
masses. In spite of the stormy
and rainy weather the demonstration took place with great
enthusiasm,"
In explanation we must add
that the Communist Party of
China and the Young Socialist
League, although working Illegally, were formerly mere Marx-
Ian Clubs.    The vanguard  of the
Chinese proletariat has been re
cently engaged in Its flrst great
mass action, the Hong-Kong seamen's Btrike. Tbls striko was
supported by sympathy strikes
of the Chinese sailors on the
rivers, the transport workers and
others; a total of- 600,000" workers were on strike. Moreover,
the workers expressed their sympathy with the strikers by boycotting all goods transported by
scabs, by demonstrations and,
furthermore, by flnanclal assistance of tho part of the trade
unions.
The Liebknecht Day bf 1922
was the flrst public appearance
of our young Chinese comrades,
and the first Liebknecht anniversary celebration In China. Under the leadership of the Young
Communist International demonstrations also took place in
Pekin and Shanghai on January
15th.
SYDNEY, N. S. Wales.—KaTl-
waymen in Australia have decided
to rely on round table conferences as a means to securing future
agreements regarding wages and
working conditions. They say that
arbitration courts have not1 worked
out satisfactorily ln dealing with
their claims, The railwny chief..
are also favorable to dealing direct with the employes per medium
of round table conferences.
SYDNEY, N. S. Wales.—Became
of the failure of the employers
to honor their war-time pledges,
about 6,000 returned soldiers are
out of work In New South Wales,
More than this number is also
out of work in the other Austrnlian states.
Most of the appeals for jobs, or
the reinstatement of the men in
their former positions, have been
unsuccessful.
Bill Haywood Says American Workers Had
Fine Reception
Only Kickers Were Two
Machinists   Sent  by
Aid Society
By HARRY GODFREY
(Federated Press Staff' Correspondent)
New York.—You read, perhaps, an Associated Press dispatch a few days ago, dated at
Reval, Esthonia, saying that
"some" American workers who
had gone to Russia to work in
the Kuzbas areas ln the Urals
and Kuscnetzky basin were discouraged ; that they declared
conditions In Russia had been
misrepresented to them, and that
they wished to return to the
United  States?
Here are the facts, as furnished nt the Kuzbas office, 110
W.  40th St.,  New  York City:
First, the whole yarn, so far
aa it purports to concern the
Kuzbas organizations is false.
Second, atl the information in
letters and messages received
from the groupa which j • hnve
gone from America to work in
the Kuzbas areas, including an
authoritative reply from Moscow
to an inquiry, fs of a most satisfactory nature. I
."Our flrst group," said the
Kuzbas secretary, "has just
arrived , at its destination some
2000 mites from Moscow—so it
fs suite impossible that any of its
members should be in Moscow,
as alleged In the. Associated
Press story. The second group
Is now on its way from Petrograd to the Urals and Siberia,
and the reception and treatment
Its members have received-have
been exceptional ahd cordial."- >i
■ -In order, however, to obtain
convincing and conclusive - evidence on- these'points, the *- New-
York Kuzbas office' cabled to ita.
Moscow representative, Wlillarii'
D.   Haywood:
"Press bore carries sensation-,
al stories about dissatisfied Kuzbas workers clamoring to leave1
Russia. Please wire any news-j
on  this  point."
The reply hns Juat been ref
ceived.    It  says:
"First group has arrived At\
destination. Second        group
nrrived in .Petrograd and re--
ceived Splendid reception. Trans-*-'
portntion expedited. No clomor--
lng except tor get ort Job, Send
miners' picks, shovels, "axes, saws.
Send qualified mining engineer."
And now here are the facts
upon which the Associated Press
based its garbled report, as set
forth by the Kuzbas ■ officials
here. The two men. William
Adamek and Joseph Stlska (both
of -whom aro accompanied- by
their wives) left New York with
a pnrty of machinists under the
auspices of the Society for
Technical Aid to Soviet Russia.
They Kad nothing to do with
Kuzbas, and never had any Intention of going to the Urals or
to Siberia. These two men,
according to the general secretary of the Society for Technical
Aid, were the only two disgruntled out of a total of 700
workers who have * left for
Russia under various auspices
this year.
The Technical Aid society declares that It had difficulties
with these men before thoy.'left
New York. - On the trip across
they did not associate with their
class, and made It clear that
comrades,, traveled In a superior
they: expected to have a very
good time In Russia. •=** So when
the news came back no one was
surprised. .
The Kuzbas organization takes
no one to Russia who does not
definitely understand the backward stato of Industry there,
and the shortage of food which
is still felt from the famine, as
well as the need of reorganization   and   for  solidarity.
Random Thoughts
and Comment
man m
. ^ r,...', .m   *yi —ju wt*m
.^*--W SOURCE OP POWER
"There ls no place In our philosophy for lamentation or vindic-
tlveness. The torch of liberty feeds
on knowledge and reason and
where these ingredients are lacking
there will bc no flume, even though
the red flag is used as a fan,"
—Frans Bost rom.
Y
JAPAN'S IMPERIALISM
Thc following highlights on Japanese inperialism among her next
dor neighbors show, that, while
Japan shared the same "lofty
i'dtalaf* with regard to "saving civilization" she, in common with the
other allied countries, did not let
them interfere with, business,
1875—The Kuries Islands north
were obtained from Russia ie exchange for the southern half of
Sakhalin.
1895—Japan wrested Formosa
Island from China as a resu't ot
the China-Japanese War, 1VH-
1895.
1906—Japan attacked and defeated Russia and gradually tnook
principal rights In South Manchuria and secured, the southern
half of Sakhalin Island.
1910,—Japan dethroned the Em
peror of Korea and annexed the
country.
1914—Japan attacked and seized
Tslng-two ln violation ot the neutral rights of China, which country
protested without avail.
1915—Japan presented twenty-
one demands to China and forced
her to sign the treaty under duress
on May 7, 1915.
1915—Japan seized northern
half of Sakhalin from Rusaia.
' 1918—Japan sent troops to
Siberia, seised Vladlvostock and
forced demands on the new born
Far Eustern Republic and advanced into the interior of Siberia.
1919—Japan's rights In Shang-
tung were unjustly confirmed by
the Versailles treaty, which has
never been signed by China and
the United States.
1919—Japan wns awarded former German Islands in the Pacific
north of the equator, Including the
island bf Yap.
GENOA.—Alone among the delegates leaving the Genoa conference on the day of its dissolution,
Chicherin received, an ovation
from the Italian workingmen, who
did their best to mob him as he
grot into his cnr; There were shouts
*f "Brava!" and "Vive la Russia,"
LONDON.—The Workers* International Famine committee, who
have been working so hard to relieve the famine In Russia, are
now preparing to float a workers'
Ipun in all countries, for the purpose of setting factories going ln
Russia on concessions that have
been granted to the committee by
the soviet government. The loan
will tie guaranteed on the value of
the concession and by the soviet
government, and details will be
worked out at a conferenco ln
Berlin on June 21.
Imprisonment of Gandhi
May Cause Revolt
of Troops
(By The Federated Press)
New York,—The India news
service of the Friends of Freedom for India makes public a
dispatch from , Hyderabad stating
that a mutiny in. the Hyderabad
army, Is imminent and that the
Indian soldierS'lh"- flie ^employ bf rf
the loyal, princess .of India are
apt to.revolt on account of the
continued ihiprlsonment of Ma-
hatma,Gandhi and his associates,
as well as of the delayed evacuation of India -by the British
soldiers and civil officers. i
"Recently under . the Influence
of the Indian revolutionists," the
dispatch says, "the soldiers * of
the First Imperial Service Lancers refused to put on their uniforms. The regular Infantry of
tho Nizam of Hyderbad took
over the First Lancers' lines and
the Nizam at onoe ordered the
dismissal of the disobedient soldlera.
"While the discharged soldiers were being paid off, 190 men
of the Second Lancers, defying
the orders of their officers, refused to attend the muster roll.
The Nizam ! was furious and
Issued a drastic manifesto dismissing all the revolutionary
soldiers, who w-ye placed under
strict guard. Tho commander-
in-chief rebuked them very
sharply. So far 260 members of
the First Lancers have been dismissed and about 200 of the
Second   Lancers."
Dont Miss Tbis
Navy Serge
Suits
Good heavy weight serge, in a smart, well
fitting conservative style—guaranteed to wear
well and to look well.
Dr Bruce
•?  LIMITED ',' -
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
The greatest assistance that the
readers of Tho Federatlonist can
rentier ns at this time, la by securing a new subscriber. By doing to
you spread tho news of the work-
ins class movement and assist us
CORRECT COUPON Mo. (
Gimei PUytd Satan},,, Jnn.
1
17
Beset Tcira
Away foam
H|A
st. Louis Amor
Chicago Amor.
Detroit Amor.
. Washington
Philadelphia
How Toi*
1 >z
m
|X|
How fork HaU. Pltti-urg
|X|J
PMladolplila HaUOlM-HUtl
1   IX
Brooklyn Hatl
St. Loots
1 IX
IionUTUlo	
Indianapolis
MUwaukao
Kinssa City
111
|X| .
Tolod,
Minneapolis
1   IX
_7owar_
Tiranto
»'
-oraojr City
Buffalo
|X|
loadlni
Bochester
1  IX
Los Angolos
Seattle
• 1 !*
San Francisco
Portland
|X|
Edmonton
Calgary ■•
IXI
|X|
Taeoma
Vanconver
LIST OF PRIZE WINNERS
•   Coupon No. 8
The flrst prize of $850 was won
by B. Henry, 986 Riohards street,
WORKERS'PARTY
Basket Picnic
at SECOND BEACH
Saturday, July 1st
CHILDREN'S SPORTS
GOOD PRIZES
Bachelors who wish to be provided
for must put in application on or
before Wednesday evening, June 28
TICKETS
50 cents
city, with sixteen correct forecasts..
The second'prise of $160 was won
by J. Olson, 61 Cordova street west,
city, with fifteen correct forecasts.
Five competitors divide the third
prize, each receiving $40. with 14
correct forecasts. Their names are:
Gordon L. Lindsay, West Hotel,
city; E.'D. Mitchell, $57—8th St.,
Brandon, Man.; S. Lyncs, Rice
Lake Road, Lynn Valley, B. C; C.
P. Bedford, Box 966, city; A. Plum-
ridge, Mission City, B. C.
DETROIT.—William Starr Mey-]
ers, professor of political economy of Princeton university, gavel
the Detroit Bankers' club a shock f
at Its annual meeting here -whenf
he said the soldiers' bonus waa '
aop lhat was to be handed out to J
them for political reasons andl
looks too much like a man tipping]
his mother."
Competition coupon boxes tioeef
Saturday at 10 a.m.
Get in behind the drive for a
greater circulation for the Federationist. If your frienda will not
subscribe in any other way get
(hem to put In a coupon in the
Baaeball   competition.
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL  MASSEUR
Specialist  in    Electrical    Treatments,
Violet Ray snd High Frequency for
Rheuinillim,   Sciatic*,   /.umt-pyo,  Paralysis,   Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailment!.
310-311  CARTER-COTTON BLDG.
Phono  Soymonr  2048
1BI Hastlngi Strwt Weit
Socialist Party of Canada
STAR THEATRE
Sunday, June 25th, 8 p.m.
Speaker:   T. O'CONNOR
Take notice that in the afternoon of the same day the
party will hold a Basket Picnic at Second Beach, Stanley
Park, to assemble at 1 p.m,
Baseball Competition
Prizes; an Explanation
WHEN the amalgamation of The B. 0. Labor News
" with The Federationist was consummated, and a
baseball competition as a circulation raiser was instituted, the manager of The B. 0. Labor News was in charge
of the competition. That arrangement has now been
cancelled, and from now on The Federationist will ran
the competition. !
Recognizing that the first consideration must be tke
running of a paper on working olass lines, and with ts
large a circulation as possible, the baseball competition
will now be run on different lines. The prise money will
increase as the readers of the paper increase their contributions. In other words, the money sent in each week
will constitute the prize money for that week. It may
fall or it may increase, that will depend on the readers
of the paper, and the success they meet in securing subscribers through the medium of the competition, and the
number of coupons they put in.
The Federationist is not in a position to aet as a
philanthropist. It can only pay out in prises, thai which
it receives, less actual expenses. We consider that.tills
is the fairest way, both to the paper and those who take
part in the competition, and ask oar readers to aid us in
securing subscribers and at the same time increase the
prize money each week.
. C FEDERATIONIST
Baseball Competition
——^^—^-^—^———^—~——~—^—*~^^^—^^^^——*.^^^—**—^^—~^^—.^~^—.
Drop Coupons in the B. C. Federationist Boxes at 305 Pender Street West, or mail to B. C, Federationist,
305 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
Rotation of Leagues:   Ameriean, National, American Association, Internationa], Pacific Coast, Eastern
Games Played Saturday/July Ut
Money sent in each week will constitute the Prize Money for the!
following week.   The more money sent in the larger the prizes will be.]
The prizes will be divided as follows:
First prize, 55 per cent, of the money available for prizes.
Second prize, 30 per cent, of the money available for prizes. '
Third prize, 15 per cent of the money available for prizes.
P_i*8jj**1
HOME TEAM
CHICAGO Amcr.
ST. I.OUIS Amcr.
WASHINGTON Am.1
[JM-BTON
NEW YORK
CHICAGO
BOSTON
COLUMBUS
ST. PAUL
TOLEDO
TORONTO
SYRACUSE
NEWARK
PORTLAND
OAKLAND
WORCESTER
PITTSOTELD
AWAY TEAM
CLEVELAND
PHILADELPHIA
BROOKLYN
CINCINNATI
LOUISVILLE
KANSAS CITY
INDIANAPOLIS
ROCHESTER'
READING ,1
LOS ANGELES
SACRAMENTO
ALBANY
WATERBURY
jooapon Mo. ll
[Bom.    Awftr|__-i_.    Awiyj
. CUT ON THIS LINE
£o_poii No. 21
UNJ
Coupon Ho. sfboupon Ma. *___.-r _
[Homo    AwayJHomt    Away [Homo    Away
Coupon No. fi]
COMPETITION RULES=
Tht following rules ahall govern the competition:
l. Au forecast! muat bt msde oo coupona provided by
tb* B. 0. FederationiBt. ../?;-
8. Any coupon which hu been altered or mutilated will
bs disqualified.
3. In tbl tnat sf a Ma, or ties, the priiea will be divided
equally between tboae tieing, but ahould tbe necessity arise,
tbo B. C, Federatlonist reserves tho right to rearrange tb* prln
money so tbat th* first prist winners will receive mor* thtn
tb* second, sal tht socond prist winners win more thtn tht
tbird.
I. Latest date for receiving coupons ftr thia competition
will bt Saturday tt 10 a.m. on tho dty tho matches tr*
scheduled for. Thla applies to coupons received by mall ts
woll ts deposited ln boxes.
5. Matches on coupona drawn abandoned or not played
will bt struck off coupons. Tbt nrat of two games played
by tht stmt teams on tht samo dty WiU bt taken for
checking forecasts.
S. Tho management reserves tbt right to disqualify tny
coupon fer what ln his opinion Is a good and sufflclent retson,
and lt Is a dlaunct oondltlon of ontry that the manager's
decision aball bo accepted ta Anal and legally binding ln all
Matters concerning thlt competition. Ho correspondence shall
bt entered into or interviews granted.
7. In marking coupona placo cross In column provided,
denoting whethor you think that team will win or lose.
I. Competitors mutt enclose 26c with each coupon, which
will bntltle thorn to four weeks' subscription to tht B. 0.
FederaAionist.
9. No two capital prists will bt paid out In sny o_ie
weok to any ont subscriber.
10. Employeos of ths B. C. Federationist cannot coin-
pate.
II, Ho responsibility will be accepted by tbo B. 0. Federationist far tbe loss or non-delivery of any coupon. Froof
of posting will not bo accepted as proof of delivery or receipt.
12. Friaes art awarded on tht results announced by Associated Frees snd names of prUe-winners will bt published
In tbt following Issue of tbo B. C. Foderationist.   As soon ta
possible thereafter cheques will bt   issued   to   tbo   prist- ,
winners.
13. Competitors wishing for a re-check must enclose
cony of tho coupon protested, together with Ono Dollar for
oach coupon reviewed, In an envelope marked "protest." If
tht protest is sustained tho fee will bt returned and prist
swarded,
14. Coupons received without name and address will
be disQuallflod.
ONE FREE COUPON WITH EVERY DOLLAR SUBSCRIPTION
Flense Answer Question on CouDOn

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