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British Columbia Federationist Sep 1, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Tradefranfl Labor Council (International)
  -     -- =r~ 	
$2.50 PER YEAR
Labor Day Sports, Mahon Park, N. Vancouver, Monday
Trades   Congress   Will
Meet Here in
FuU Report Will Be Made
at Next Council
, Meeting
Trades unionists ln Vancouver
were woll satlslled, when lt was
learned on Friday last that the
. Trades and Labor Congress ot
Canada, oonvention would be held
ln the olty of Vancouver ln 1923,
No matter what the convention
held In Montreal may have accomplished, It at least determined
that the .east shall meet the west
at the next convention, tor lt ls
an acknowledged tact, that so far
as Congress Is concerned, more
Interest ls taken in the labor movement ln the east than there is ln
the west.
Full reports of the. eonvention
are not yet to hand, and capitalistic press reports are unreliable,
so little can be given to readers
of the Federatlonist at this time
as to what occurred at the convention, but lt ls expected that
Vice-president Bartlett, of the
Vancouver Trades council, will
give a lengthy report on his return and this will be fully dealt
With In the'columns of the Federatlonist. In the meantime, all
local unions should take steps to
affiliate with the central labor council, so that body will be ln a position to take care of the convention next year.
Labor Day Programme
The full programme of the Labor
Day sports will be found on page
four. - Every trade unionist should
be at Mahon Park on Monday next
as a good time Is asssured to all..
; Woodsworth to Speak .
jilB."Wc^swbrUCM.P. for Centre Winnipeg, will address a publio
meeting at the F.L.P. Hall, 143
Cordova street west on Sunday
night, at 8 p.m. His address will
be a review of the last session of
the Dominion parliament.
Railroad Federation Officials Thus Describe
(By The Federated Press)
Chicago.—Moro ornamental than
useful ls the verdict on strike
breakers employed by the railroads
since the 400,000 union shopmen
-na\ their allies went on strike on
July 1.
Reports to the railway employes'
department, A. F. of L., from the
system federation officials ot the
men -on the unemployment and
efficiency of strike- breakers follows:
Burlington, Iowa (C. B. & Q.)
reports that the strike breakers at
the shops are not enjoying good
health. "We have appointed a
committee to consult the health
officers and have the shops quarantined, as It Is reported there Is
one case of smallpox and two
diptheria cases ln addition to other
cases reported yesterday." It Ib
reported at this point tha& 70
strikebreakers came out over the
week-end. Alliance, Neb., reports
that the labor turnover requires
breaking in of a new force about
every two days." Galesburg, 111.,
reports "Twelvo scabs wanted to
quit at Quincy, J, J, McHale, general foreman, would not give them
their pay until they ganged up
around him. About 80 scabs got
their time last night."
Chicago (Santa Fe) reports that
the flrst pull of repaired cars from
the shops since the strike began
took place Aug. 4th. Fourteen cars
were included In this pull. All of
these were In the shops when the
strike wns called and at that time
required about one day's work
apiece. Joliet, 111., reports only
four scabs working. Ottawa, Kan.,
reports: "Some of the scabs were
disappointed In their pay checks
Aug. lv They.thought they were
to get 63 cents per hour but come
to flnd out they were only gottlng
34 cents."
St. Louis (C. & A.) sent In an
application blank secured at Kansas City. It ls a special application blank printed for strike breakers leaving an opening so thut the
company ls not bound to retain
them In service. According to thc
blank, "Your employment Is to be
permanent and continuing, so long
as you desire to work, and the
company desires to retain you In
service. The Chicago & Alton Railroad Co. agrees to provide, at its
own expense, meals and sleeping
quarters, the same to be tho best
that can reasonably be had under
the circumstances."
Kingsvlllo, Tox. (Gulf Coast
Line), reports "500 men went out
and tbo largest number of strike
breakers at any one time was 138.
In the last three days, 63 of these
♦quit."   .
What    about    your    neighbor's
Christian Scieil. Monitor
Points Dis** an-
Unaffiliated  W^ers
Have No Redrestt Get
What Boss Likes
Unintentionally, no doubt, the
Christian Science Monitor ln a reoent Issue pointed out the vary
unenviable position of the nonunion miner when editorially discussing the "rights of non-union
miners.". The editorial reads as
follows i
"In the settlement of the coal
atrlke the rights of the non-union
miners', like those of the public,
seem to be generally disregarded
by both parties to the dispute.
That the non-unionist is neglected
ls the more strange, as lt Bhould
be to the interest of the operators
to propitiate the Independents by
every means in their power. Yet
tho non-union miners now have
just and specific grounds bt complaint to which no heed is being
paid In all the present controversy. Unions In America Insist
uon a definite ton-measurement of
their members' product, taken by
check-welghmen paid by the operators, as It emerges from the pit-
mouth. The old system Is to
measure coal by the car-load, and
this system generally persists In
non-union territory, despite Its disadvantages from the point of view
of the men. Coal cars come tn
various shapes and sizes, so that
comparisons between mines on car-
measurement basis cannot be readily made, and non-union men may
labor almost side by side at the
same work and receive different
rates of pay. The ton-standard Is,
of course, always definite and constant. However, the chief objection to the old system Is the conflicting views between miners and
mine superintendents as to what
constitutes a "fair" 'load. The
miner must depend ' on" his "em-
ployer's statement as to the capacity of a car, and lf this state
ment ls correct, he Is Btill subject
to the decision of the mine superintendent, who may Insist on the
car being loaded higher than the
theoretical limit, on penalty of
"The unionist's pay for his product Is fixed and definite, the non-
unionist's rests on fallible human
judgment. Measurements In Mingo
taken by organized labor are al
leged to have shown a pay difference under the two systems
amounting sometimes to aa high
as 83 per cent, to the disadvantage of the unaffiliated worker.
The very difficulty ln contesting
such a statetment Is the vagueness
with which the independent miner's wage is reckoned. Furthermore, quite apart from ho checkwelghmen Issue, the unionist has a
fixed agreement with the operator
covering the half-hundred contingencies that are constantly arising ln tho work, while the non-
unlonlst has no such elaborate
code. The non-unionist has no
agreement to fall back upon when
his work Is interrupted; he must
rely again upon the fairness of his
employer's agents ln every dispute
In whose Interest It Ib to,have as
much coal mined as possible, with
the least expense.
"Commonsense should Indicate to
the operators that the foregoing
reforms ought not to be delayed
until unions force them into effoct.
The expense of check-welghmen
would be met by more accurate
bookkeeping and by tho removal
of a point of friction with tho men.
It Is often said in industrial disputes that no lasting settlement
Is possiblo that ignores tho public,
but in the coal fields thc rights of
the great body of non-unlonizod
mon muBt also be consulted. Will'©
they are dissatisfied, industrial
peace Is impossible and industrial
agreements a sham."
Supporters of Lewis Rejected .by District No.
Seattle—International union politics ls woven in tho story of the
recent recall of two district officers of the miners' union, Sam
Caddy, international executive
board member, and Frank Cook,
vice president. All officers were
plated under recall and Caddy and
Cook lost their official position.
Officers Indorsed by the membership declare the two woro
agents of the International officers
in bucking district officers of District No. 10. Tho recalled men
counter with the claim that approximately $7,000 of tho district's
money was spent by President Ben
Farrlmond und Secretary Krnest
Newsham to push thecandldacy of
Robert H. Harlln, of this district,
for the International presidency In
1020 against John L. Lewis. Harlin headed the opposition ticket
with Alex Howat.
Flnnncial aspects of the quarrel
have been appealed to International headquarters, Supporters of the
Lewis regime, however, have been
i.».>..t..«.f»4.-*i.ni.iinn tm. ii-»<-i in iimn.ft"»"i"i"»"»i»"i i i iH">f_i.t.»'>i.f't-^.-*i-f-».»i ^»ii..i
Some Labor Day Reflections
preface to the Communist Manifesto, he
outlined why Marx had drawn up a programme which would be acceptable to the workers of the different European countries and the
wage workers of Great Britain. In this respect
he states:. "Marx, who drew up this programme
to the satisfaction of all parties, entirely trusted
to the intellectual development of the working
class which was sure to result from combined
action and mutual discussion."
Marx was never a Marxian, and he resented,
on many occasions, the misrepresentations of
the so-called Marxians. He did, however,
realize that it was necessary that the workers
should be trained to act as a class and combine
for defensive purposes, as well as for the ultimate objective of labor, a new order of society."
Labor Day in Canada finds the workers split
in many ways. It finds the so-called radicals
and the theoreticians still further widening the
gaps between the workers of this country. They,
instead of following the man whose teachings
they are supposed to accept, deny his teachings
by their actions and drive wedgesbetween the
workers by hair-splitting, ignoring the fact that
the greatest minds of the Socialist and Labor
movement of this day are following Marx in attempting to bring the workers together.
With conditions as they are in Canada, the :
workers divided, what word of hope can we
give. Faced by a united ruling class, with economic conditions favoring the attacks of that
class on the standard of living of the workers,
it would almost seem impossible to give words
of cheer to the members of the wage-earning
class. But the words of Marx stand out clear
in a labor movement that is confused. They
show the way to the workers, and that way is by
organization.   Engels also wrote, many years
ago, words which should be seared on the minds
of the workers of this country, and thtey are:
"The great thing is to get the working class
•to move as a class; that once obtained, they will
soon find the right direction, and all who resist
; will be left in the cold."
' The preaching of fatalism and dry rot at this
time is deadly. Those whose mission it is to
throw cold water on the efforts of the organized
workers are wreckers and destroyers. They
will be left in the cold. But there is every reason
for the preaching of optimism, for capitalism
is fast breaking down, as the news from day to
; day in the press indicates; but there is need for
unity in working-class ranks, for the first essential in the struggle for the freeing of the human
race from slavery is a united working class, and
to that end we can only urge all workers to re-
; -solve on this Labor Day, a day chosen by the
employing class on which the workers can celebrate, tp seek to achieve that unity which will
"give them that strength which will be needed in
the days.to come. Let our slogan on Labor Day,
192?| be "Unity."
Those who stir up strife and bring dissension
might well read Marx and Engels and attempt
to understand the position of the workers and
the necessity for a united front. If they will
devote Labor Day to that purpose they will serve
the working class, but their present activities
are in line with those who are seeking to destroy the working-class movement. Combination is essential, organization is of vital importance; then let the workers of this country
tajke the stand that during the coming days the
theoreticians can theorize as they wish, but the
objecive of the militant workers shall be to
organize and bring about that day when the
workers will move as a class, and the rest can
take care of itself.
 »~i ■ -.■
Head of Japanese Shipping Company Is
(Special to The Federated Press)
Vancouver, B. C.—"Japan faces
a panic, which Is not only Inevitable but almost Immediate." This
is the opinion of Mr. Horl, president of the Oaka Shoshen Kalsha
Shipping company, In a statement
to the Federated Press here prior
to his departure for Yokohama.
Continuing, tho Japanese shipping
magnate said, "The quicker Japan
passes through this financial crisis,
the sooner sho will recover and
take her proper place In the world
of shipping and general commerce
and trade exchange."
Labor in Japan has heretofore
not boen a serioUB problem, but
with the growth of trades unionB,
Mr. Horl anticipated that industrial disputes would become more
numerous In Japan than thoy had
beon ln the past.
The Japanese flnanclal class is
keenly alert, aB woll as concerned,
over tho chaotic turn trnde conditions have taken throughout the
world, Mr. Horl Intimated, and he,
personally, hold out little hop-.1 for
any permanent trado adjustment
so long as Germany, Bussia and
Austria wore denied access to world
commorco." "With three of the
leading countries ln Europe standing out of tho nctlve economic
world programme, it ls Impossiblo
to expect any sound development
In the shipping trndo and Industry," said Mr. Horl, "thero can bo
no lasting Improvement In tho
world's economic situation until
this outstanding fact Is recognised."
Tho president of the big Jap
shipping company stated ln thc
courso of tho interview thnt his
company had accumulated ovor
two million yon as wartime profits
which had boen placed In a reserve
fund from which the company had
bcen able to pay semi-annual dividends of 10 per cent., but in view
of Btringont flnanclal conditions,
had decided to discontinue paying dividends from this fund and
would, in the future, rely only
upon profits derived from the busi-
Labor Dny Programmo
Tho ful] programme of tho Labor
Day sports will be found on page
four. Every trade unionist Bhould
bo at Mahon Park on Monday noxt
as a good timo ls asssured to all.
Junior Lubor League Meeting
A special mooting of tho Vancouver Junior Labor League will
bo held on Friday, Soptembor 1, at
929 ElovcrUh. A<Y*tKU) casl, 8 p.m.
prompt. Business: Consideration
of the constitution of tho Spartacan Athletic Club and reorganization matters. For information
phone Fair. 1610,
Patronize Fed Advertiser*.
Shopmen's Officials Fear
New Legislative
[By Laurence Todd]
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington. — When legislative
representatives of the four transportation brotherhoods, the Internationa Assn. of Machinists and
the A. F. of L. went into the committee room of the senate committee on foreign relations and demanded the right to be heard In
opposition to the Kellogg alien-
protection bill, they blocked the
latest game of the administration
to save the Loree-Cuyler-Atter-
bury group of railroad managers
from defoat. .
Kellogg, called upon by Hitchcock and Moses, the acting chairman, to answer, reluctantly consented to hearings. Whereupon
Edgar Wallace, legislative spokesman for the A. F. of L., began to
tear tho bill to pieces,
"Wc question thc motive of this
bill," he said. "We feel that It is
not calculated so much to protect
aliens as to favor ono side ln an
Industrial dispute, over the other
Bide. Its date, June 2, 1921, shows
(Continued on pnge 4)
Would Have New Trial
for Victims of Law
20 Years Old
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
New York.—Last    April    three
women    were    convicted  here of
criminal anarchy under the law en
'acted  following  the  assassination
of President McKlnley more than
20 yenrs ago.
■'< There was every indication,  In
a{ll three  cases, that the  women
trtere the victims of a police frame-
up. Their trials were marked
throughout by the usual hysterl-
and Inflammatory tactics of the
isecuting officers, and by a
rcely concealed spirit of hos-
_y on the part of the court. One
of thu women, Mrs. Tina Jurson, 26
;years* old. wns given a suspended
sentence because she promised tho
court to "tench my childron to
have the highest poBiblc reverence
for the American flan ond for all
American Institutions"—Including,
presumably, the "American institutions" which Condemned her for
her political opinions.
The two others wero given sentences,   respectively,  of  two  years
(Continued en page 4)
All Arrangements Complete for
Labor Day Sports
THE LABOB DAY celebration committee of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has completed all
arrangements for the Labor Day celebration at Mahou
Park, North Vancouver, wliich will, weather permitting,
be hold on Monday nest,
Tho sports programme is one of the best ever drawn
np by organized, labor in Vancouver, and comprises races
for the kiddies as wdl M-for the grown-ups. Feature
events have also been takw caro of, and the lacrosse
match between the Squamlsh and Capilano Indians is
expected to draw large crtwds to the North Shore.
The tug-of-war, for a c«p donated by Oeneral McRae,
is causing considerable intorest amongst the looal unions,
and many locals are entering teams for this event as well
as for the relay race, the flnt prise for this event being
a cup donated by Sheliy's Bakery,
Sports will bo the chief attraction in the afternoon, but
those who are inclined tb dance will also be provided for
in the pavilion, where jit-toy fiances will be held. In the
evening a danoe has been arranged for in the armory, and
the ohief event will be a prize waits, and as splendid
prises are offered to tho winners oi this event it is expected that there will be a largo number of contestants.
Tickets covering transportation, as well as admission to
the park, are on sale at tho offices of tho Trades Council at
310 Pender West, adults 60 cents, ohildren 25 oents. Tickets oan also be procured on Monday at the ferry. Members of the committee Will be on hand for this purpose.
■ >.. 11.". ..-»•»  ■■«
Federation   Will    Take
Steps io Combat
[By Harriet Mann]
(Federated Press Staff Corres
Mexico City.—The Central labor
federation ls up against the proposition of combatting sweatshop
conditions ln factories. It has recently appointed a commission to
collect facts.
In one factory, for example, the
workers are obliged to work 11 or
more hours, contrary to the eight-
hour law of the 1917 constitution
The material for the manufacture
of earthenware, ls so bad that the
work has to be done over several
times before it is flt for sale; but
the worker receives pay for only
tho finished piece. In another factory, manufacturing chocolates, 11
hours' work is done, the women
receiving a wnge of 4 pesos ($2)
a week. Another one uses tho
method of furnishing "tasks," a
task being an UHsi^nment of 600
handkerchiefs to bc hemmed. The
women are ablo to only partly finish the second assignment ln one
day, and therefore they nro paid
each day for only onu task; each
dny tho circumstances is repcatod,
by reason of i lio anxiety of tlio
workers to    complete tho    socond
Tho labor laws of tho recent
constitution ure detailed regarding the hours, wages and conditions of work which must exist
throughout tlio republic. Under
them the workers aro entitled to
rights which mako for adequate
wages, sanitary working condition^ and continued oconomic security,
In each state has been established a central board of conciliation and arbitration, to whicli industrial disputes must bo referred
before action on either Hide is
tnken. This board in each Instance endeavors to secure for the
workers their constitutional rights
In cases where tho laws are being
evaded. Through this federal organization and tho activities of the
contra! tabor council the workers
nre gradually obtaining those rights
grnnted to thom In the constitution of 1917.
Carpenters Will Havo Tram
Local 452 of tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
decided on Monday night to enter
teams ln tho tug-of-war and relay
raee at tho labor Day sports ol
Mahon Park. Considerable Interost
wns shown In tho celebration, and
a number of members vbluntoorod
to put up the fence required without pay for their work.
Labor Day Programmo
Tho full programme of tho Labor
Day sports wilt bo found on page
four. Every trado unionist should
bo at Mahon Park on Monday next
as a good lime Is asssurod to all.
Meetings Are Taking on
Appearances of
Old Times
Delegates Are Elected to
Trades Council and
F. S. R.
The Steam and Operating Engineers Ve steadlny increasing in
membership;. Three more applications for membership were accepted at the last regular meeting
and the meetings are beginning to
look like old tlmea with so many
of the old timers coming back.
Members are beginning to drift
back from the Canadian Association, realizing no doubt that the
only" hope of the workers is to
build up a united front agalnBt the
master class. A new delegate was
appointed to the Friends of Soviet
Russia to take the place of the
secretary, who was unable to attend the meetings of that body,
inasmuch as they met on the same
night as the Engineers, The secretary reported his success in
placing a man oh the Coquitlam
bridge at the union scale. The
secretary was instructed to have
a quantity of wage scales printed
for distribution among tho members, and for the information of
employers requiring engineers. It
was decided to place an advt. in the
Province for the information of
the many one time members, the
local being of the opinion that the
piaster press could be used to that
extent. Many Interesting discussions took place, among them
being one demonstrating the advisability of having live delegates
on the Trades council, who would
be on deck at all times. Brother
Riley resigned as delegate, giving
aB his reason his Inability to at
tend regularly, and Brother Head
was elected to fill his place. The
meetings are beginning to show
signs of the return of the pep that
prevailed previous to the split and
It Is confidently expected that the
membership will Increase rapidly
from now on, and the time will
speedily come when dual organizations will be a thing of the past.
ftnter Was Not in State
of Michigan as
Was in Cook County with
,     Assistant State
n,    Attorney
LBy Carl Haessler!
(Federated Press Staff Corres*   .
Chicago.—Lurid tales in the Chi
cago Tribune of the pursuit of
William Z, Foster, described as the
master of the Reds in America,"
through the Michigan woods by
state troops and federal department of justice spies exploded
again when it was discovered that
Foster had not been in JHchlgan.
At the moment that tho Alders
were stated by the Tribune to have ■
been closing in on an alleged Communist convention m Berlen county, Mich., Foster was in the Cook
county courthouse in conference
with Asst. State's Atty. Jonas. He
was attempting to obtain the return of the records taken from the
offlce of the Trade Union Educational league in a raid the night u
of August 20.
No wonder that the Tribune fairy
tale about the Michigan raid relates that "Foster, prize of the
party, escaped, as did most ot the
Further details of the state's
attorney's raid In Chicago indicate
the special privileges the Tribune
enjoys In the) campaign against
labor men In Chicago. The Tribune
scooped the Herald and Examiner
on the story the next day. The
Tribune's staff photographer had
been exclusively invited to attend
the affair.
The twelve policemen aiding the
private detectives were not needed
because no dne was at the ofllce.
The glass panel In the. door was
smashed and the offlce floor littered. No trucks were necessary
since only two small record flies
were taken.
It ls believed that the real purpose of the raid was to embarrass
the national conference of the
league scheduled for Saturday.
Labor Lengue to Meet
The South Vancouver Labor
League will hold its regular monthly business meeting at 8 o'clock
prompt tonight (Friday), at 6262
Chester street. ;,
ThiB Is the commencement of the
fall season, and all members are
requested to bo present at tonight's
meeting, as there aro many Important matters to come up for dis
An educational programme for
the winter has been arranged and
with the support of the young
people In South Vancouver this
organizntion should go far towards
making things hum in South Vancouver thiB winter.
Anyone wishing to Join the S.V.
L.L. should get In touch with the
secrotary at Soy. 6672R.
A big social and dance Is being
arranged for September 15th, particulars of which will be announced
The members, besides boing Interested ln the education of the
young people, nre •*'»•** devoting
some timo to sport nnd hope to
enter a football club ln tho Junior
Allianco this winter. Anyone interested, should line up at once.
Strike Pay Recoived
Mombers of tho United Brothorhood of Carpenters and Joiners
who resisted the wage cut In thc
shipyards Will receive strike pay
It was announced by Business
Agent Hardy, who stated at the
regular meeting of locnl 452 on
Monday evening that a cheque had
arrived from headquarters for that
purpose, The men wero out ten
days, and returned after the lockout at thc old rate of pay.
Ex-Service Men Have to
Sell Decorations for
Now York.—Four years ago the
Victory medals conferred on American soldiers for conspicuous bravery in the war wore priceless. A
yeur ago somo of those decorations
men who were never under fire.
They eould not be buught nor
sold—oh, no—but lf you asked
about them In somo of tho local
pawn shops, you were likoly to bc
met with a request. In a low voice,
about the particular sort of deal
you wcro Interested In. Ton dollars, you woro likely to have been
told, would bring you. fur instance,
badge with three bars, St.
Miliicl, Mcuso Argon no, Defensive
Hector, ncross a ribbon above t he
figure of the brori-ie victory on tho
Now you ean buy such a modal
in pawn shops for $3,75. Tlio ruling prico is $2 for thc medal, with
$1.75 added for extra bars. And
thoy nro soot openly.
Whero did thc pawn shops get
tbem? From ex-service men who
wcro Jobless nnd hungry.
Bloomington Paper Says
Outrages Did Not
Bloomington, III.—Methods of
railroad propagandist.- were exposed by tho Daily Bulletin of this
city, which denies that strikebreakers were Bluggcd, as alleged by a
correspondent ln the Chicago Tribune.   The Dally Bulletin says:
"The Chicago Bulletin, under
tho* caption 'Voice of the People,*
published a letter from H. G. Allen
entitled 'Free Speech ln Kansas,'
which makes mention of Bloomington and thc striko situation here.
The things referred to did not happen here, nor were they published
ln local newspapers. Following is
a part of the artielo In which this
city ia mentioned, and in which
a falso impression is givon concerning local conditions:
"Recently, in passing through
Bloomington, lit., I read In the
loeal nowspapers tho roports of
attacks that hud been made upon
workers In tho shops thero bV
strikers. Iu one Instance a man
bnd his arm broken by a blnck
jack in tho hands of a striker.
In another instuneo a worker
had saved his life by promising
lho strikers who wore attacking him that ho would leave
town. The newspapers that reported these and other Instances
also contained an expression
from the local officers of Bloomington that they wcro powerless to  prevont  these attacks."
Labor Day Programme*
The full programme of the Laboi
Day sports will bo found on pngu
four. Every trade unionist should
l)o at Malum Purk on Monday next
as a good time Is asssured to all.
Spring Surprise
About fifty friends of Mr. and
Mrs. Ballard of 2021 Manitoba
Street sprung a surprise on Wednesday evening whon they arrived
al the abovo address, The occasion
waa tho birthday anniversary of
Mr. Ballard. Dancing was Indulged
in to a lato hour, and In spite of
tho fact that it was a surprise party
there wero lots of good things ta
eat, and everybody went homo
happy and with the satisfaction
thut comes from a night well spent.'
Tug-of-War Tcflms Eutcrcd
The Plumbers local has entered
a team for the tug-of-war, at the1
.abor Day sports to he held on
Monduy, and aro confident of win-,
nlng this event. A splendid inoet-
ing of this local was hold on tho
26th, and a largo number of" members turned out and showed con-
sldorublo interost In .the proceedings, lt was also decided to enter
a team for tho relay race. Tags two
Published- every Friday morning by The B,
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Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY September   1,  1922
Labor Day and the New Outlook
T ABOB DAY on tlie American; continent is a
*- day set aside by the employers in the sear
and yellow days of thc year, when nature is
preparing for the winter sleep. But the Labor
Day of the militant workers is May Day, when
nature is beginning to show her power and
promise for the future. Bnt tho workers on
this continent havo shown a disposition in the
last few years to drop all the foolish and flamboyant parades which were at one time a
feature of Labor Day, and are today more
serious minded and take their annual holiday
in a more thoughtful mood.
* *      •        ■»'
No man with an understanding of the
struggles of the workers would be so imbecile
as to deny the average wage worker any enjoyment which he can get out of an holiday,
but the enforced idleness of the workers is
compelling thom to be more and more serious
in their thoughts and actions. The banners
and music of the old days no longer suffice to
fill thc needs of the wage earners. They need
food and shelter, and as these necessities are
lacking, so their celebrations are more sincere
and lack that spice or baldcrhash" which, in
the past', marked the Labor Day celebrations.
* *      *
To the uninitiated this may not mean much,
but to those who understand the Labor movement it is a healthy sign. The workers have
to deal, in these days, with things wliich count,
and the trifles are eliminated and the serious
matters dealt with. Sports may be indulged in,
but at the same time, speeches dealing with
•working-class problems, with the platitudes
cut out, are in evidence at most Labor Day
gatherings. The speeches of the labor leader
whose outlook is circumscribed by his narrow
intellect are taboo, and the address of the
radical is welcomed.
»      •'    »
The progress made, since the Labor Day of
{his continent was instituted, may not appear
to bc great, but it is at least progress. The
steps forward may not be long, but they were
in a forward direction and they will reach
greater lengths in the future. The working
class is at this time going through the baptism
of fire which the class struggle compels the
workers to go through, so that in due time
they shall be fitted for the kingdom which will
be theirs-when they achieve their freedom
through struggle and strife and when Labor
Day will in reality be a day .for Labor; at
present it is nothing but a ghastly joke, a
mockery and, as are all other ruling class ideas
of freedom, a slap in the face of Labor. Perhaps John G. Neihardt depicted the attitude
of the workers the world over when he wrote
the following words:
Tremble bofore your chattels,
Lords of the scheme of things!
Fighters of all earth's battles,
Ours is the might of kings I
Guided by seers and sages,
The world's heart-beat for a drum
Snapping the chains of ages,
Our of thc night we come!
Lend us no car that pities,
Offer no almoner's hand!
Alms for the builders of cities!
When will you understand!
Down with your pride of birth
And your golden gods of trade!
'A man is worth to his mother earth,
All that a man has made!
We are the workers and makers!
We are no-longer dumb!
Tremble, 0 Shirkers and Takers!
Sweeping the earth—we come!.
Ranked in the world-wide dawn,
Marching into the day!
The night is gone and the sword is drawn,
And the scabbard is thrown away.
Christians, Strikers and False
Ideas of Rights
STRIKES always call forth much comment
from those who know Uie loast as to their
cause and why industrial struggles are always
in evidence. Christians have been told to turn
the other cheek, bnt somehow the average
worker objects to being hit on cither side, and
the inevitable result of a slap on one check is
a protests in other words, when the workers
aro threatened by a wage cut, they rebel and
quit work. They would sooner starve while
idle than starve and work at the same time.
# » •
The Christian Science Monitor imagines that
strikes have been imported from Europe, as an
editoridl in that publication will show, the
opening passage of which states that "strikes,
imported as they are from Europe, should
have gained such headway in the United States,
is due largely to a false sense entertained of
liberty and rights." While tho editorial in
question contains much more of the same type
of reasoning, the opening passage is sufficient,
however, to show the basis of reasoning which
the editor of that journal imagines is sufficient
to deal with a situation where hundreds of
thousands of workers are striking against thc
conditions under which they are compelled
to live.
It may be true that the workers of thc United
States have a false sense of liberty and rights,
but that at leust is not due to the teachings
■ of members of thc working class. Liberty is
supposed to be the inheritance of every American. Hut experience proves that thc liberty of
the worker in thc land of the free is not a wit
different to the liberty of the worker in Great
Britain or any other part   of  Europe.   The
rights of tbt American workor, like thoa* of
the Canadian or European worker, are saeh
as the present system allows tbem. They are
rights whieh the workers do not appreciate.
They are rights whieh compel them to sell
the only commodity they possess, labor power,
to an employing class, and to accept the terms
which that class lays down and the standard
of living which the iron laws of capitalism dictate shall be their lot.
Ht       *       *
The Christian Science Monitor, in spite of
the faet that Christianity and science will not
gibe, insists that there is a remedy for strikes.
There is, but not under the present systom of
capitalism, and it might at this stage be pointed
out that strikes arc not an importation from
Europe, but due to the capitalistic system,
which reached out and spread its tentacles to
the Ambcrican continent. Strikes are as inevitable in America under capitalism as tho
rising of the morning sun. To some the sun
may be Obscured, but the fact still remains that
the sun rises without fail, although it cannot
be seen because of the clouds which obscure
it, and thc editorial writer of the Monitor
would evidently act as a cloud on the industrial sky and obscure the roal reason for
strikcB, .which is the system which makes one
man a slave and another a master. The only
false sense of right and liberty is in the minds
of tho workers, but that false sense
is due to the fact that thc master class has
taught thc workers that they oan be free while
they are still slaves.
The Recent) Collapse of
the German Mark
Mining Accidents and the Need
for Organization
MANY rtories of miners' high wages have
been written And appeared in the capitalistic press, but the stories of the danger
which these wealth producers face have never
been told. War results in the destruction of
human life, and there are but few persons outside of a lunatic asylum who do not realize
thia fact, but how many arc there who have
an understanding of what toll modern industry takes from the working class in the sljape
of human beings who are destroyed or injured
in their daily callings, and many of the latter
are crippled for life.
Two mining accidents have occurred this
week—one in California, and the other at
Cumberland, B. C. In the latter case fifteen
miners lost their lives, and the press 'reports
that out of these only three were white men,
this view being given forth so that people with
racial prejudices would not think that the disaster was a serious one.
* #      *
But fifteen miners are fifteen miners. They
may be white or they may be yellow, but tbey
are human beings, and they paid the price
which capitalistic industry called for. "White
or yellow, they were workers producing coal
for the company which employed them, not
for their own profit. They were men who were
compelled by the system to sell their labor
power, and in the delivery of that power they
had daily to face death.
* #      #
From time to time the miners of Vancouver
Island have complained at the incompetency of
those in charge of thc mines. In fact, the
big strike of 1913 was caused by the dismissal
of the man who reported that the mine was
unsafe, but human life amounts to nothing
when profits for a ruling class are concerned.
• In the year 1920, in the IT. S. A.,- a worker
was killed in industry every six minutes. Ten
men met their doom every hour. Seventy-six
thousand workers lost their lives in industry
in the United States during thc same year, and
the snme percentage of industrial workers lose
their lives in the creation pf profits in every
country where capitalism operates.
*      #      *,
During recent years safety devices have bcen
largely used in industrial plants, but they have
not been used as they might be, for, invariably,
they interfere with profits; in other words
they retard production. "Where labor organizations exist safety rules are most effectively enforced, and well do the,miners of Vancouver
Island know this. We know of conditions in
the mines in other places on the island f m
Cumberland which make the risks the mind's
take in thcir daily toil greater than they
should be even under capitalism, but they are
unorganized and therefore helpless to take the
proper steps to see that the laws of the land
are enforced; and if the men, white and yellow,
who lost their lives at Cumberland by their
death make the necessity of organizing seen by
the miners of Vancouver Island, they will not
have died in vain.
am***mt mm. niini'iiii t***m,*+.+mai+.sut..+so.+.as<o<io«a<+is>>ou+>ei>a+mi
'revolution" assumes th* Austrian
form. According to the figures ot
tht Frankfurter Zeitung, on July
1st, wholesale prices rose to 91
times those of the pro-war poriod;
for foodstuffs alone* it wae 83
times; for ooal and textiles. 140.
Since then prices have risen at »{
atlll more staggeWng rate. Salaries
and wages are left ever farther behind these prices. In spite of all
defensive measures by the workers,
In spite of all strikes, this characteristic of capitalism becomes ever
more sharply impressed upon ub:
that the only way by whioh it can
prolong its life is by the Increasing exploitation of the broad
masses, whose standard of living
falls from hour to hour.
National finance is falling Into
chaos; the flood of paper money
and the national Indebtedness grow
without limit. Every day two
billion marks are used In new
paper currency, which still further
deflates the value of money. The
deficit ln the national budget* despite all new taxation, becomes ever
Internationally, the collapse of
tho mark proves that onoe more
tho impossibility ot solving the
reparations problem by capitalist
methods. It Is impossible for the
Wlrth government to procure the
required gold payments, with the
sinking mark. Therefore'they ask
for a moratorium for two or three
years. If they socure this. It will
be at the cost of the forfeiture of
German financial control to the
Entento, nnd of furthor requisitions
of commodities, which will mako
the burdens of the state and the
sufferings of the broad masses ever
more unbearable.
With the Rathenau affair, the
reparations crisis became more Intense. Prom the superficialities of
the monarchist assault, the situation turns again to Its determining
root causes, only to explode soon,
more disastrously than ever, In a
series of political crises, International and national.
Lack of efficiency on the part of the workers is often alluded to by the members of the
employing class. It will bc remembered by
many workers who worked in the shipyards
during the war, that this cry was raised at
every opportunity, but thc following clipping
from Harbor and Shipping, a publication published in Vancouver, demonstrates the efficiency of capitalistic production:
''Recent London shipping papers contain advertisements of a forthcoming auction of ships at which tw6 CoughJan-built
steamers are offered, the Sylvia Victoria
and thc Wildomino, both of the 8800 d.w.
ton class, built in 1919 at thc False Creek
yards of John Coughlan and Sons Limited.
"These are two of the ten steamers of
this type built for the Imperial Munitions
Board by the Vancouver yard, and are
similar in most respects to the City of Vancouvor, City of Vietoria and Margaret
Coughlan, built by the ward for own account and now operated by a subsidiary
"The upset priee named for these vessels by Messrs. Thos. Pinkney and Sons,
•Hie auctioneers, is £30,000, say $135,000.
Thc price paid by the Munitions Board was
in the region of $1,750,000."
Whon the raid was made on a secret meeting
in thc IT. S. A., W. Z. Foster wes supposed to
have escaped We now learn that Foster was
in Chicago, which is situated in Illinois, thus
another "red" plot has been punctured. But
what about tho Moonoy oase, the—Oh, what is
the use—thero are so many of thom that it is
hard to keep track of all the U. S. framcups.
(By B. Ludwig, Berlin)
TN the few weeks since the
* sasslnatlon of Rathenau, the
mark has experienced a catastrophic decline which is unexampled
even amidst the general tremendous collapse of Oerman currency.
After the wrecking of the Paris
loan discussions, the mark fluctuated for a few weeks around the
flgure of 300 marks to the dollar.
After having remained fairly steadily at this figure, for a few days
after June 24, it then rose in quick
jumps to 650 marks. Now, after.a
decline to about 420, the dollar Is
again worth G00 marks or more, in
Bqrlln. The foroign exchange value
of the mark has thus, In about
three weeks, fallen from 1.4 Pfg.
to 0.8 pfenning. The depreciation
of the murk Is almost doubled.
Bourgeois journalists, with obviously political motives, attribute
thla collapse to the powerful mass
movement of tha German proletariat, caused by the murder of
Rathenau; this, they say, "has but
further deranged our sick economy." Certain Socialists, on the contrary, see In the simultaneous occurrence of the monarchist assassination and the decline of the
mark, a connection which renders
It unnecessary for them to seek
further for the cause of the' situation. Special emphasis Is also
given to the conception rthat the
fall of the mark Is attributable to
the machinations of counter-revolutionary financiers, who use this
confusion of values, as a weapon
against the rising working class.
It la, of course, quite true that
the speculative forays of stock exchange jobbers and the largo
banks, and also the political and
economic crisis which is again
threatening Germany as a result
of the Rathonau murder, have a
definite share in the causes of the
fall of tho mark. Such speculations
must needs cause the German fin-
uncial house of cards to totter even
more shakily, as, according to the
estimate of Helfferich, who certainly ought to know, there are 20
billions of marks In foreign countries, which must have a depressing Influence on the value of tho
mark, at any critical period In Germany.
But speculation and manipulation can only exert an Influence on
currency values when -the • causes
for depreciation exist in the actual
economic circumstances. It Is precisely these economic factors which
the Social-Democratic organizations of. both tendencies will not
acknowledge. Just as the murder
cf Rathenau by tho secret tnon-
archiat organizations merely Effave
an impetus and a direction to the'
intensification of political antagonisms, so speculation and jobbery,
and the consequent decline In the
mark, constitute a distinct symptom of the continuance of the economic crisis, and forces It to Increasing intensity. The best evidence of this conclusion is that,
directly after the trade unions and
tho two Social-Democratic parties
had lent their aid tn the political
panic of the moment, to the Wirtlc
cabinet and thc bourgeois coalition, by their agreement with tho
anti-Communist law for the protection of the republic, the new decline in oxchango took place. This
proves that despite all efforts of
our best "experts" nnd diplomats,
the underlying national and international economic causes of this
crisis still exist.
This crisis, with Its resultant depreciatory effocts on the exchange,
its disturbance of the economic situation and of national finance,
combined with the ever moro perplexing question of reparations,
renders it ever clearer that—contrary to Kautsky's wishes—these .
"abnormal" disturbance! of capl-1
talism aro part ot its "normal"
functioning, and are Inherent
its very existence.
[Th* opinions and Idea* sspresseaj BP*C*-
by correspondents ara not necea-
sarjly endorsed by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for tha
views expressed Is accepted by the
Chicago.—After 20 houra In the-
police station William Z. Poster
was released onJEOOO bonds pending preliminary hearing on extradition proceedings to Michigan under
warrants charging him with conspiracy to violate and actual viala-
tion of the Michigan criminal syndicalism law. The offense is alleged to have taken place In Berrien County, Mich., at the moment
when Foster was sitting in the
pi-osocutor's oflico in the Cook
County Courthouse In Chicago, asking for the return of records taken
In a fruitless raid on the office of
tho Trade Union Educational
League, August 20.
Oklahoma City.—Other forces
and not the railroad strikers were
responsible for the burning of the
Rock Island bridge three miles
'south of El Reno, Aug. 17, declared
Alva McDonald, United States marshal.
"The striking railroad, men at
BI Reno have been very orderly
and fair," MoDonald said, "and I
do not believe that they would
countenance any such destruction."
Oil was poured on the bridge a
few minutes before trains were
duo from both south and north.
McDonald said that striking men
could not possibly gain anything in
burning a bridge.
At thc Empress
An unusual interest ls centred in
the presentation next weok by the
Associate Players at the Empress
Theatro of the latest play from the
pon of J. Hartley Manners, known
universally as tho author of "Peg
o* My Heart',' "Happiness" and
other excellent plays. The title of
the play ls "The National Anthem,"
111 j but the  drama ls    anything    but
what the title might suggest to the
Thia applies quite plainly to the casual play-goer. Mr. Manners has
German currency depreciation. For built a powerful story on the na-
a while, it appeared that in conse- tlonal craze for "Jazz," which Is
quence of tho comparative stability aald to possess an equal interest
of the foreign valuo of the murk, for those who are fond of the
the home value could become sian- turdlo music as well as those who
dardlzed according to the former; i wlsli it miles away,
thus the foreign markot prices for | The play was first presented at
certain Germnn exports, such as' the Henry Miller Theatre in New
iron, and textiles, could   be  York last January with Mies Laur-
arrived at. This means that the
economic crisis becomes a crisis of
ruin; instead of the export of coal
and textiles, imports began to Increase, and there approached the
perils of industrial stagnation and
The new decline ln the mark
brings with lt again the continuation of cut-throat competitive exportation, the maintenance of
credit relations fur a few weeks
longer, and the requisite relationship between the prices of German
commodities and the world market
prices. The monarchist* outrnge
and its results offered tho profiteers
and usurers, tho captains of industry and banking magnates, a welcome occasion for the securing of
this relationship.
This "success" of the German
capitalists, arising from tha -Twining of the dollar exchange value
from 300 to 600 marks, will result Immediately ln tho Increasingly rapid shattering of German economic life. The German "price
otte Taylor in the stellar role. After
running more than three months,
Miss Taylor was forced to take a
rest, hut will be seen in the play
again this fall, when she Is booked
to appear In Chicago, Philadelphia,
and Boston, San Francisco and
Los Angeles.
WEEK  OV  B______A
SKY   2102
J. Hartley Maimers' groat play
A Ii-hgIi, » tenr, a hoart throb,
a hnjipy dt'iioui'iiicnt. A Novelty Show—Something different.
First tlmt la thla country.
"It Can't Be Beat"
Community Singing-—"An Antidote
to Bolshevism"
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist: Dear
Sir—Eureka! At last we have
found itl Or perhaps I should
more correctly say: Ho has found
it. Here we havo all been hopelessly and helplessly racking our
tired brains in a vain and futile
attempt to flnd a remedy for the
mental unrest which has been
threatening the whole world with
an incurable attack of the dread
disease ot Bolshevism, when just
as we were about to give up all
hope, along comes a super-man
from Australia (thank God he Is
British) and shows us conclusively
that there la one remedy, and one
remedy only; "Community singing."
How beautiful! How Idealistic)
How harmonious! I nearly said,
"how communistic." How lucky I
just chocked myself in timt.
Of courso It is a bit Awkward
when you know that for liUDClr?di
of years Russia haa indulged In
community singing; but I suppose
that our friend will be able to explain this away somehow.
It's a great jdea though. When
a man and his family are hungry,
or the business man finds business
rotten, all they have to do Is to
go down to English Bay, or some
suoh plaoe, and sfng a few popular
songs, and everything will be lovely
again for a whole week.
I onoe heard a large crowd of
.September   1
people la Seattle, to ft community
sing-sonf, singing, *4Wfcy don't you
work am other men do? How In
nell can I work when there's no
work to dp?" etc
But enough of this for fear of
using too much of your valuable
Clark Drive.
Boston.—Officials of both the
Boston and Maine railroad and the
New Haven system are organizing
thetr "loyal" shop mechanics and
strike breakers Into company
unions. At strike headquarters of
both federations affected by this
move, the news of the company organizations was received with ridicule.
"They are big bluffs," one loader
told reporters, "ln an effort of thp
management to fool people into
thinking they have a regular organization in their shops."
Strikers point out that the evident deterioration of rolling stock
on all New England lines will
force the railroads to capitulate,
sooner or later.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
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Child's sizes, 8-10i/2 $2.65
Misses' sizes, 11-2
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Boys'   sizes,    1-5^	
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Dr. W.J, Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Cigar Store
340 OAitll.VIL STilEET
Klndling Free
1410 QIUNVIIiliE Bey. 6200
end Non-nlooliolto wlnw of *H"
1 =__:"
1MB Morita MUU
Waniay mttIom, 11 sm. __a 7.10 p.*
tmAa.ee       «L___.I       taUl^fclj       frU^,*
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nornlnf nnJN,
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helping our
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc,
American Workera! American Farmers!
Help-Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today—Help—At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Up the
World's First
Anept my contribution ot $..„ „ to help build np
Sorlet Ituaela ot tlio Worken nnd Feasant!.
Nome  l.i:rt_-.,._iiin_,,,,n -nil. „—...-......„  . _
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dty sto-S —. l-OURTBHWra  T__A_L
No Two Faces Are
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Special dental attention for
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My offlce is known for its skilled attention to individual requirements in all cases—especially iu
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Don't let missing tojtli, etc., or an Impcr-
tout dental pinto keep you from tlie p.eua-
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I maintain my
prices at extremely moderate
levels — the cost
. ot any work la
woll within thu
means ot anyone.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Bank ot Nova Scotia Building
Phono Sey. SS_1
Lumber Workers-
News and Views
l)H. aWSTT ANDUKSON, tormorly membor ot lb. Kacultr ol th.
Colleo ol DratUWy. U_lv.r.lly oi Bo.lj_.ra Callteiala. lf»«™« «
Clown wd Brlddwork, Dmon.tr.lor in Platsvork ud Opontu.
Dentlitrr, Looal aad OaB.rsl Anewl-OBia.
Vancouver Unions
Vancouver tbamw asd labor
T Council—PtOBldont, E. H. _jo.Ui.di,
J___,A,j gonor.l .ocroUry, Popor R. Bon-
lough. OBooi 801. 810 PMldor St. W.
I'kono Soy. 7-95. M..U la Labor H.ll at
"l p.m. on tk. Stit aad third Tu»b<Uj»
ell—Moot,   .ooond    Monday   la   tt.
LU.    1'rwld.Bt, 1. B. Wklt.1 rnte-
Ery, R. H. MooUad-, P. 0. B<" *».
I Moot, socond TbuMdar _r.ry montb,
bl» Ponder Bt..W.   ts4t*_r*.*-_*Vl_
hrooll; taaaalal McroUry,
hSAD  Burn.  St.
, A. Bowroa,
T tlonal Union of __n«ri_»—_.oc«l 120,
Kr.ocoo.ver, B.C., mo.U .ooond ano lourth
JTueBil-ys in o.th month In Boom 813, ol»
Sender Street We.t. „r™'d™'' 0. ft
Wrett, 71 HMtlnj. St. E. Soorotjry.
■A. R. Anl, 830 O-BH. Bt. »»P Jjjjfl*
Ifley. 8702. Reiid.nee pboao. Poug. SlTlg
J Bollerm._.B. toe ^*___S*_,**_
(Helpers of Aroorlefc LmU 1»*—MeotloB
lint and third Honiara la Wh "outk.
Kreeident, P. Willi.: uuttm, A. Fraier.
lonco: Rwa «08—»1» Pejder St. W.
MOBm hoan. 11. 11 a.ra. and 8 to 5 P4a.
■ need brldtUym or raaaon. for bolhr
■work.,   ete,   <r  aarbl.  artUia.   pk.a.
iBrlcH.Tet." U_joi;;_L»W Twipl..	
T penter. and Mun, Lcw.l 162—Preei-
_.„t. Wm. Do..; mordlaa •«"'"»•
riGeo. Snell; bu.ine.. >«.nt, Oeo. H. H.MJ.
■Once: Room 304, 810 Ponder Bt. W.
■■Meets aeoond and fonrth Hoadayl, • P-m,
■Room 6. an Bigjet Bt. W.	
I Auoeiatloa. Lwel •ftM-rf"** £_
lhall 152 Ctttsta Bt. W. Hull •■»!
■aad third FiUeya, • f* BMntaw
llrc-rer, T. Visas; haala.1. aaeat, P.
;Bipcl.lr. , .
■trial union W all iroikar. ta lo«-
kalng and ooa.tre.Uoa ump.. Coaat Dl.-
It-lot and Oeaual Ha.dojart.rfc «1 Om-
Mora BI. W. YaaaoavM. B. 0. Phoa. fJoy.
Ks6«. J. k Clarka. geeon! wu__i-
Itreaaarer: legal adtlaera, "earn. Bird.
t Maedonald k Co., Vaawawr, B. 0.: audi-
[tor.. Ueaara. Bottar » Ckleoe, Taaeoa.
1 ver, B. C.
■ Ed. Dawson; aeeretary, B. Hirst; hart-
I'nost a«ont, P. R. Bonamgh. Oglee: 809,
Into Pendor St. W. Me-*, ia Rooai 8,
|819 Pender fit. W., oa aeooad and fourth
Tueaday In month.
I Loo Oeorge; .eoroUry, J. O. •»■'•»:
IbnalneRB ttsxni. P. B- B««oo«h. OS»:
1809, 819 Ponder St. W. Meeta I" Room
■818, 819 Pender St. W. oa flrat and third
iThuradaya  in month.
I ratora and Paperaand" of America,
(Local 138, Yaowewr—Mnta Snd ajrf
I dth Thuradai. al 111 Cordova St. W.
I Phone Bey. 1191. Bualaea. ageat, R. A
I Barker,
1    B   C.—Formerly  Firemen  and  Oilcra'
■ Union ol Britlah Columbia—Meeting
I night, first and third Wedneadw of each
■ month at 10. Main Btroat. Preaident,
I A. WIHUma; vlce-prMldent, R. Morg»n;
1 .ecretary-treaaurer, W. Doaaldaon. Ad-
I draaa, 108 Main Strwt. Vaaooavor. B. C
I Victoria Branch Ageat'. addreaa, W.
I Francle, 567 Johnaea Bt., Victoria, B. C.
I Operating Englneera, Local 111, meets
|.vt,«* Thuraday at 8 pjn.. Room 307
{.Labor Temple. Seaavtary-Treaauror, N.
IGreen, 953 Hornby St. Pkone Bey. 7048R.
I Recording fiec-etvy, W. Chandler, 1681
lFell Ave., North Vanconver.	
I Employee!, Pioneor Division, No, 101
f —Meeta A. 0. V. Rail. Mount Pleaasn.
I Iat and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and
[ p.m. President, F. iu Hoover. 2409 Clsrke
I Drive; recordlnE-seoretary, F. R. Griffin.
I 417—6th Avenu. Eaat; treasurer, E. 8.
I Cleveland; flnsnolal-«_crotary and busl-
I neaa adnt, W. H. OettwU, 4808 Dum-
I trie. Street; offlo. aoraar rrior and Mala
BU.   Phona Fair 8W4B
. Journeymen rAiLosr  CNioa of
America, Loeal Ho. 178—Mntlnga h.1d
flrat Monday ta rack aawath. S p.m. Pras-
ident, A. It Qstsnby; vico-presldent, Mrs.
, Dolk; rooaxdiag scorstary, C McDonald,
P- 0. Box 503; Inanelal eecretary, P.
McNolsh, P. 0. Box 598.
It he writes a letter, It's too lonn
If he senda a postal, It's too short:
If he edits a pamphlet, he's a
If he goes to a commute* meeting, he's butting in;
If he stays away, he's a ahlrker;
If tho crowd li slim at the luncheon, he should have called the
If he calls them up, he's a pest;
If he duns a momber for his dues,
he's Insulting;
It he does -not collect them, he's
If a meeting to » howling sucoess,
the entertainment committee is
If it's a failure,-tha secretary ls
to blame;
If he asks fer suggestions, he's Incompetent;
if he doesn't, he's bullheaded;
"Ashes to ashes, dust to dust,"
If the others won't do it, the aeoretary must.
Patrontoie Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do sa
ot the 0. B. U. __»_> aa tk. third
Wednesday ol .very moath.    Everybody
Soviet Ruaals, Vanoouver branch, meeta
flrat and third Bunday. eaeh month, 2
p.m., at 01 Cordova St. W. For information write to branch a.cret.ry, S.T.A.B.R.,
61 Cordova St. W., Vaaeouvor, B. 0.
Pntrnnlzo   Fed  Advertisers.
To moat people, the connecting er
disconnecting of a telephone seems a
simple operstloa >,t laslalltug or removing the instrument. As a natter
of fact, In every case tt n.c._.itatea
changes ln the cablea and vires over,
head or and.rgrouad. It also neee-hl-
tatea cbangoa in centra] o_lce t.irea
and switchboard connections; iu eub-
Bcribora' aceounta sad directory list.
Ings; and frequently requires new
"drop" lines front opes wiree or
cobles. Tho problems of station movement ar. among th. large problems of
telephone servioe. Bogsubo of tba
doublo oporation ef diaeoviectinx and
reconnecting, the work Involved is
ofton twloe a. gnat as In tko caso
of  now  subscribers.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Kates Reasonable
Front T a.aa. to 11 a.m. we will
soil Alberto Creamery Butter
Fit for any Tublo
Sluter'B Famous Poameal
Back Bacon, in pieces weighing from _ lbs.        *2Kf»
Our Famous
Plonks Hams,
per lb	
Sugar   Cured
extra sr.:<:.al.
Our   .Special
Breakfast    Streaky
the whole slab only
about 10 lbs.
38c   lb.
Special, whole
half elab, lb. .
Wo Sell Nothing But tlio Very
Fittest of Freah Heat
Choice Pot Rousta    *| O 1 _
from, lb.     i A* J ***
Choice Oven Boaats    | *_*__,
from, lb     laSJV
Choice Rolled Roasts    AA
from, lb    **\\J\t
Choice Boneloas Stew     OC*.
Beef, 2 lbs. for    __aUC
Choice Boiling Beef Q-
from, lb.      OC
Choice Meaty Lamb
Roasts, per lb	
Choice Legs of Lamb,
por lb	
Choice Lamb Stew.
J lbs. for 	
Wc have a Fi-oelnl consignment ot Government lncpect-
«1 Pork Shoulders weighing
from 4 to 8 11m., jutt ivlwt
you want for your week-end
roost. Thoy are nice and
l4uihp and lots of meat
ou tbem; regular 20c io.
Friday and Saturday, while
they Jaat, special,
per Ib	
Finest Pure Lard, on sale Saturday morning from 1 'to   11
o'clock, _ lbs,
Fully knowing the need of organisation In ths lumber Industry
among the men working in the
Crows Nest Pass, I wish to express some of my opinions as to
tho kinfi of material we have in
this district to build an organization out of. For some time I have
been confronted \vith this question,
"If you can give me an I.W.W. card
then I will take one out;" but not
being-an I.W.W. delegate, of courso
I do not give them one, and they
get past with that kind of stuff
right along. A lot of these s^me
human pack apes can bo seeri'with
a big bundle of blankets on their
backs coming out of some" 'bootlegger joint, on their way to the
train to go out on a job. When
in camp they are howling ubout
the rotton conditions that exist in
the camps, but they will do nothing
to help try to get better conditions. They tell you that they
will not pay a dollar a month for
blankets, they will sooner carry
their own, which, by the way, havo
not been washed since they got
them. If you speak about trying
to get better camp conditions, you
are told not to be too hard on the
boss as he Is not such a bad sort
of a fellow on the whole, and the
company has treated them white.
I.have yet to see the company
that will improve the living conditions of the workerB, except the
workers organize and compel them,
and then the blacjc list is put into
The form of organisation that
fs required to organize these so-
called reds, but really yellow tribes
is beyond my knowledge of thi
labor movement. They do not
seem to realize that there ls a class
distinction between the working
and} employing classes, although
ample proof of this ia given them
every day in tho shape of wage
cuts, or lengthening of hours, or
unsanitary camps,
Why don't you* fellows rise up
on your hind legs and show that
you are men. The more I see of
men the more I am inclined to
think that after all Darwin was
right aa to where men has descended from. In this district It
seems as though they were drifting back to the ape family instead
of advancing.
There never was-.a better time
in tho Crows Nest to get better
conditions or shorter hours than
there is right now. Do not forget
that the influx of men from the
prairie will soon start, and then It
will be too late to try and gain
what you should hnve got this summer, when you had the best oppor
tunlty you will ever have.
Come on, let's get at this thing
and organize for our protection
before the pangs of hunger hits
us this winter, and you will have
to look for a soup kitchen, or work
in some camp that is not any better than a bread line, with wages
at two dollars per day and board
at one dollar fifty, the same that
we had last winter. Come on
send In for literature ahd credentials and organize your fellow
worker so that you-will be able to
flght effectively.
K. J.
would have had some sort ot organization In the camps in the
Seattle district.
It ia Infinitely easier for a delegate to get Into the camps here
than it is In B. C; all they have
to do Is walk In. It is impossible
to enforce a black list hore, because too much valuable time
would be lost while waiting for the
slaves to come from some central
point like, say, Beattle. In B. C,
they have to wait until "boat day"
before they, can quit most ot the
camps. ._ -^
The members of No. 120 of the
I.W.W. are badly split over the
su-called "Moscow report." One
member described it to me as' nn
"horrible nightmare or personalities." Never have I seen so few
members in the camps since the
organization was formed. There
are "bushel" men here with "wobbly" cards, but "nuf Bed."
The winning of the Wenatchee
strike by the construction workers
was a walk over. Any slave who
would work ten hours for three
dollars, and pack his bed, when he
could go over the "hump" fifty
miles and get $3.50 to $3.76 'for
eight hours, and s1r|*p between
clean sheets, had better have his
head examined, -       W. S,
Gorgeous Gush
Hamilton,  Wash.,  U.S.A.
There are twelve cabins hiSre
housing about one hundred men,
also there are some individual
cabins giving shelter to a score
or so more men. The camp has
up-to-date sanitary arrangements,
flush toilets, etc.; the cook house
has a cold storage plant In connection with it. The food, howevor, is nothing to rave about.
It appears to mo that if during
1919 and 1920, the D.O.C. No. 120
of the I.W.W. Jiad put in some
good work organizing and solidifying what members thoy had already organized, instead of en-
deavorinp to capture or "bust" up
the   L.WJ.U.   of     Canndn.     thoy
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pol
Planta, Ornamental and .Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists* Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St E. 2—STORES—2 065 Granvillo St.
Sey. 1)88.072 "SAY IT WITH IT_MVI0KS"       Spy. _51_-I3I>1
Repression and Non-
- Co-operation in India
(By Trarnknath Das for The
Federated Press)
Since the arrest and imprisonment of Mahatma M. K. Ghandi,
the repressive policy of the government of India has become moro
active. In the Punjab about 5000
more persons have been put in Jail.
A novel method has bcen ndopted
by the government to destroy the
constructive work of village organizations and a-Wtration courts by
preferring charges against the committee of five of tho village for unlawful activities.
Most of tbe Important Indian Nationalist pnpers aro being persecuted—the editor and the publisher
of Toung India (Gandhi's pnper)
have been arrested and tbe editor
and publisher of the Independent
and other papers likewise. The
British government has made an
alliance with the native princes and
some of them are carrying on persecution of unspeakable character.
Tho Mahratta of June 4 says the
military have burned 640 houses of
poor people who refused to pay
The All-India congress committee met -m I_«eknow Juno 6 (the
flrst time Bince the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi) and discussed tho condition. The radicals ln India, ths
real nationalists in Bengal, Pun-
Jab and .the United Province are
asking for non-co-operation in all
forms and talking about resistance
ln every possible way. The idea of
public declaration of separation of
India from the British Empire Is
being ventilated by people of all
sections of the country.
Lnbor unrest In India Is acute.
Strikes are common In every part
of tho country and In every industry. The railroad strike on tho
Bust Indian railway tied up the
trafflc of northern India so completely that there was prnctically
no passenger and freight trnflic for
two-' weeks, Calcutta seamen's
strike has assumed a phenomenal
proportion, embracing moro than
50,000 longshoremen, lnskars or
deckhands,  and  firemen.
Tbe government le using alf its
resources to create a liberal federation of India with a programme of reforms ln India in cooperation with lhe government.
Tlie hope of the government Is to
create a strong Indian party similar to that ot the Irish Free
Staters so that they will be able to
use the Indian leaders to crush the
movement for Independence.
{By W. Stokes, Reglna)
♦T-Ii-B problem of education is primarily one of environment, and
environment in its primwv and enveloping sense. It is, howevor still
one of^ environment at whatover
stage we deal with it or however
limited we apply it.
The social meaning of a consciously applied system of education cannot be realized unless interpreted from the standpoint of
an environment which Is a full enveloping matrix involving social
relation, and this notwithstanding
any extreme limitations which such
system may feature.
The problem then from this
viewpoint appears that of finding
the environment which will provide the reactions by the individual favorable to the educational
purpose. /
In the effort to obtain a revolutionary change in the economic
structure of society such as a
change from a system of private
ownership, and wages, with a social production and private profits,
to one of collective ownership, In
which the wage method is abolished an.d each producer obtains the
full credit in the material institution for what he produces , upon
which he can draw, it would seem
as though It were necessary to have
an educational environment capable of effecting the necessary understanding in the minds of those
interested with the necessary desire and will to accomplish the
change. The question then Is,
what form of education Is necessary or, how shall we educate? In
Joking over the field we find that
the whole system of proflt making
and ruling arrangements is backed
by possession of all the major and
important conscious means ...and
methods of education. The "'material means of living and the
sources of wealth production being the primary and essential
means of oducatton gives to the
present system almost absolute advantage in the conflict of educational forces. Tet while, this ls
true tho profit-making system cannot completely cover its own internal conflicts, tho disasters which
are constantly and Increasingly
following Its operation and its failure to save men from the misery
and degradation, the poverty and
starvation its Inherent function it
Is to do. Consequently the conscious educational methods of tho
advocates of revolution aro fundamentally these internal conflicts
revealing themselves, and with
definite logic calling for change.
This, however, would not be
enough as against tlie powerful
means of education in the hands of
the ruling class for paralyzing the
emotions and will of those having
the only means of making tho
change lf it were necessary for the
change to come full fledged into
boing In the mtnd and purpose of
all and the revolutionary char/ge
made ln completeness at once.
Were thtt so, and the people in the
main needing a conscious understanding and purpose for tlio revolution, no revolution could ever be-
accomplished, for lt must bo understood that main portion of the necessary education .proceeds during
and after tho revolution in stated
purpose has been accomplished, so
thereforo it would appear necessary for that educational condition
to bo utllizo'l. mnking possiblo the
seizure of the woalth, materials,
and substances of living, with control of the same," and thn utilizing
of theso to tlio fullest extent for
tho furtherance of the necessary
education In the solidifying ana
completo establishment of tho new
order. In other words the politit
cal education of the people cannot
bo accomplished wilh any dogree
of certainty for the maintenance of
the "necessary political institutions
unless the wholo of tho environment can be utilized, and to accomplish this, thc material and institutional Ufe must be fully under
control and operation, so lhat, for
the purpose of the rt-volutlon indicated, a condition must have arrived In the life of Bociety whon
the material results flowing from
tho institutional life gonerato dissatisfaction (born ot the creations
and developments among indi"
vlduals duo to the noeds of the
maintenance of that irihlitutional
life), a dissatisfaction which cannot
be allayed and whieh obviously
needs a change in the lnstitutiona!
life for the removal of the causes
nnd tlio establishment of machin
ory with which to supply tho obvious needs. This discomfort and
dissatisfaction must further be ol.
so distressing and continuous n
ciiaraclor that individuals are
moved to Investigations Into cause*
and such Investigations must reveal to a suillcient number tho necessity for a radical alteration l?
tho structure of society after whlci
tho voluntary effort to teach thi
necessity must reach somo propor
tlons backed up by continual fal
uro of reforms to give relief ar -
some special condition of suffering,
fW tho Continent ot Burope aged
^ wnpirw nre tumbling down in
ruins. Here at home trade stagnates and unemployment stalks the
lanp. For' all save the lucky handful at the top of the social ladder,
the) Chosen Pew, the outlook taken
by land large Is distinctly depress-
In©      ■  i,
Jj.nd the harassed citizen, the
Man in the Street, with one foot in
the gutter, is frantically anxious to
1—what? Columns of gorgeous
gush concerning the doings of tho
fortunate few aforementioned. At
least, your Martian might be pardoned for thinking this was the
case after glancing through our
"representative" newspapers.
Testerady morning the capitalist news-sheets regaled Henry
Dubb, at his meagre breakfast,
with glowing accounts of the wedding ,of "England's richest girl."
This morning they are cheering
him up with the-glad news of the
recovery of Lady Beatty's *2,Q00
If Henry were "lucky", enough to
get eight yoars' steady work, and
if he and his family abstained from
eating and drinking and smoking,
and from everything else the whole
time, he might at the end of that
period have accumulated nearly
enough cash to buy Mrs. Dubb a
similar ornament. But Henry, being a working man, and therefore
wrong-headed, won't take the
trouble. So the Dope Press kindly
meets him half-way, enabling him
to revel ln pages of pen-pictures of
the world of wealth and fashion.
At least, It is to be hoped he
revels,. It would be a pity lf the
Dopo Press were all wrong and if
Henry, though reading the stuff
with intense interest, were drawing
entirely Improper and "subversive"
conclusions therefrom, would It
not, brothers 7—Dally Herald.
St. Paul.—Striking railroad workers will receive about $2600 from
St: Paul unions, officials announced.
MUk wagon drivers have appropriated $600 from their treasury and
have levied an assessment of $2 on
each member, which, it ls estimated, will bring In about $1000
more. The other $1000 is being
given by Contract Machinists No.
469, which has ordered an assessment of one day's pay on each
member. A large part of this
money will be available as an advance on the collection of the assessment from the union treasury.
Ottawa.--The dispute between
the Canadian Pacific railroad and
itB -telegraphers has bcen settled.
-The dispute concerned a revision of
the rulos under which the telegraphers work, After Bome progress had been made with proceedings before the board of conciliation negotiations were resumed directly between the iompany
apd the men with the resnlt that a
settlement has been reached.
neglect and failure of. the ruling
class Institutions sufficient to give
the revolutionists cause for seizing
the institutional life and government and operating lt for the education and use on the revolutionary, lines of the mass of the people.
It is nut necessary that the Intol
Jeetua! life of the people In favor
of or in understanding of the revolution be complete; it is only necessary that a sufficient number be
organized in thought with their desire in favor of a revolutionary
change and tho majority be in
sufflclent discomfiture to acquiesce
in a change. The physical and
emotional discomfort superimposed
on the intense intellectual discomfort of the revolutionary understanding few is sufficient, for the
purposes of the revolution, for let
it be understood that the reality of
all education is that of force,
whethor lt bo by persuasion, argument or otherwise.	
FACTOR Brand Work Shirt* aw prodno_d expressly tor the Hudson'. Bay Company.
V, They are made for real comfort and long wear. They ton^*^^_*^^_f___\
of advantage to the wearer whioh are not found in ordinary work ahirti. Among then
f____n.a_ arA! i
PlacQuet faced anj butt-he* T_nt at wriit.
features are
1,   Ample room without undua bulk  lit  tha
Correct length for real comfort. _-ACIO_-
Brand cornea altfier In the n»w co»t Ityla
or closed front, with extra  long  titrate
.   button vent to facilitate taking ett.
body llnea.
I.   Neat-fitting shoulder yoke and collar.
I.   Eitra roomy armpit and sleere cut with a
generous amount of material, not skimped
like Inferior quality ahlrta that bind and
'"■' hinder freedom of action. .- ••   Gusset skirt.
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wear by the meehanic, workman or sportsman. Select from the following the parttetHW
shirts that wiU meet your needs and order hy number:
Faced breaat pocket   Coat atjrla. : An Meal
shirt for golf or any outdoor <JO  ISA
No. 101—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt of wool
khaki flannel.   Coat style.  Turn down collar.
Two bellows pocketa.
Bach ._.....;
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Each .....   ' iJUeUU
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fleeced twill.   Closed front d»0  BA
Breast pocket   Each  «P__ie«)V
No. 106—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt. Orer
cotton military flannel. Closed dJQ AA
front.   Breaat pocket   Eaoh ap__ioUU
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cotton khaki gabardine.  Turned down collar.
No. 109
FACTOR Brand Work ihlrt Ktat blue
grey pick and pick chambray, In food medium
weight. Closed front. Turned d»| BA
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front.   Breaat pocket #•> AA
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quality   black   mereerlaed   sateen.     Cloeed
front  Breaat pocket.
Bach ...—■-- —
A Day Among the Fascisti
AS I was travelling up
week ago from Brlndlsl I noticed an account ln an Italian paper of riots at Bologna. I wanted
to break my journey somewhere.
What better, I thought, than at a
town where Z could see the head
of the Lemnian Athena, tho oldest
university in Europe, and, at the
samo time, real live Fascisti.
The trouble had started the Saturday before. Five Fascisti had
hired a taxi and driven out with
rifles and bombs to "beat up" some
Communist ln the country. The
prefect of the town, while he had
not dared to strike at the higher
quarry, had promptly arrested the
taxi driver. All the Fascisti of
the province had at once poured
into the town. Since the Saturday
there hod been continuous demonstrations against the Prefect, ending from time to time in riots.
The Prefect had been afraid to
leave his house, and three regiments of soldiers had been drafted Into. Bologna to protect him,
I arrived- on the next Thuraday.
Rioting had been stopped, but the
Prefect still dared not leave his
house. A large detachment of soldiers stood ready under arms ln a
courtyard on one side of the main
square. The Fascisti were ln entireipossesRionofthercstoftho
town, They were acting under ordera from a mysterious and all-
powerful central committee, which
no one dared to disobey.
'     A Motley Crow
The main body of the Fascisti
were lounging about, smoking and
flirting on the Cathedral steps, not
200 yards away from the soldiers,
They were villainous-looking, unshaven men, and were carrying
short, knotted cudgels, They ware
dressed In ail klnda of clothes; but
nearly all wore blue jerseys, and
eaeh single one had a skull and
orossbonea sewn on somewhere
about him. They had brought
straw with them and had slept In
the colonades of the streets nearby.
From time to time Uttle parties
of four detached themselves from
this main body. One of them I
followed—at a discreet distance.
As they left the square they made
for the poorer parts of tbe town.
The party that I watched was
making a house-to-house search-
Evidently they 'hoped to catch
some Communist alone and off his
guard, and then—well, they wero
ominously brandishing their cudgels, thoy did not flnd anyone
while I was there. I was glad,
be._ii..    T   mlrht   have   interfered
and got knocked on the head, or,
lf I had not I ihould hav* fall
tbnt I ought te bave done.
I went back to tho square, t
■let a proce-ston, heeded by an
enormous Italian flne. tt waa a
demonstration ot tha bourgeois of
Bologna agalnat th* Prefect, la
sympathy wltb tb* Fascisti. When
they hnd filed put, I caught light
of a knot of people gathered roand
a notice board. The notice tbat
waa attracting attention Informed
th* townspeople taht ther* wan
amongst tbem a peculiarly dangerous person—the Prefect
I strolled oS to aee the university and the museum. AU waa a*
quiet there aa If nothing at all eg-
traordiaarr wer* happening outside their wall* P.rhap* there
Carrylag Oa
In the evening tbe poeltlon was
much the same. The Prefect was
still In bis house; tbe soldiers still
standing ready: the Fascisti still
lounging on the Cathedral steps,
while small parties of tbem patrolled the streets,
I left early tbe next morning.
I read in the train that tbe government had sent down an Investigator. In view of bis report the
governmont—though, of course, tt
would never yield to intimidation
—decided <o give the Prefect another job,—D. F. B. in the Dally
Be surs to notify th* port bfflei
a. seen as you chang* your addresa
Holders of Fivi
51 per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holders
of these bonds who desire to continue their
investment in Dominion of Canada securities the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bond) for new
bonds bearing Si per cent interest, payable half yearly,
of either of the following daises:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st Novemberri927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature lit November, 1932.
While the maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
This offer is made to holders of the maturing bonds
and is not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under thia proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to the
new issue.
Dated et Ottawa, tth August, 1922.
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive in exchange
an official receipt for the bond) surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bond) ol
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bond), interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holders of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
The surrendered bonds wilt be forwarded by banks
to the Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bonda of the new is)ue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration ofthe loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bond)
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will be paid off in cash on
the 1st December, 1922.
Minister of Finance.
■fourteenth yeab. No. go BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancotjvbb. a a
FRIDAY...... September   1, l.i
THE hat shown here is one of the
new roll-brim shapes for Fall, in the
Dick Special—a lid you'll find it hard to
duplicate at double the figure. In this
line are all the very newest blocks and
the smart shades, including new greens,
greys, brown, taupe and navy. Guar*
anteed fast color. Come in and try on a
few. The Dick guarantee—price
Just arrived, a big shipment of
newest Fall Caps. Included
are Harris and Donegal
Tweeds, in light and heavy
fabrics. Newest shades. Unbreakable peaks, C*0 OC
leather sweats, so on   *Y*si.OO
Send size and color
and Indicate style
desired. All orders
mailed free — and
mYottr moneys worth or your money back
The Peasant Movement in India
[By M. N. Roy]
The most powerful factor In the
Indian movement is the spirit of revolt that has affected the peasantry
throughout the country. While the
Moplah outbreak ls not yet fully
liquidated in spite of the free use
of machine-guns and bombing
planes, the Akall movement in the
Punjab, the Alkya Sabhas In the
.United Provinces and the Bheel revolt in the Native States of Central
India are assuming alarming proportions. The Akall movement is
very well knit with the political
movement, although it is decidedly
an agrarian question aiming at the
reform" of the large temples holding vast estates, on whioh millions
of poor peasants toil and starve.
The Intended reform is nothing leas
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
bevern;;-. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollara to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Seven Districts Am (Now
Under Martial
[By F. W. Lelghton]
(Federated Press Staff Corres*
Mexico City.—Trouble in Guatemala has not ended despite Washington despatches to that effect.
Discontent ls general and martial
law is reported still in force.
Tapachula, Mexico, on the Pacific coast, near Quatemala, reports seven Guetamalan departments are under martial law, nam*
ing Santa Rosa, Amatitlan, Exeu-
Intla, Sacatetepeque, Jajapa, Jutl-
apa, ChiqulmUla. All railroad
bridges are guarded.., Passengers
and trains are searched at stations, where troops are out in
Guetamala City Is reported In a
panic fearing spread of disorder
from the provinces. Gen. Ubica,
minister of war, was attacked on
the street.
The government Is preparing an
agrarian law legalizing the .jivorst
form of peonage, tying the natives
to the land in the interest of foreign investors, especially Americans. It ls reportod that the proposed Blair contract with the
Guatamalan government gives permission for the landing of American marines to quell "any disturbances^ This ia fcteirpreted
to mean that the armed'forces of
the United States could be legally
used to crush local labor disputes.
(Continued from Page 1)
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan & Brookhouse
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
than expropriation. The Akali Dal
has a good organization with a registered membership of approximately 50,000. The government has
turned Its attention towards this
movement, and in course of two
months no less than 2500 members
of the Altai! Dal have been put into
jail. But the movement is still
showing signs of growth. Armed
hands of peasants are moving over
the entire province terrorizing the
landowners and agitating for a revolt which will overthrow the British government and establish a
government of the Sikhs. This
movement has affected the army as
well; The Sikh soldiers are recruited from the peasantry, therefore,
they are also Involved In a movement fundamentally agrarian. Of
late, cases of refractoriness in the
Sikh regiments are frequent; and
some of these instances were so
serious that entire regiments had to
be disarmed and disbanded.
The Alkya movement, which originated among the peasantry of
Oudh, the stronghold of the worst
type of landlordism, Ls a very significant development of the agrarian
agitation. Its object, as tho very
name signifies, is to create a unified
movement of the peasants. It grew
out of the Kishan Sabbus, which
hud a very stormy history ln'
1920 and 1921, and whose revolutionary energy was dissipated by
the non-co-operation propaganda
for an undefined Swaraj, and whose
acute outbursts at Ral Berelli, Gor-
akhpur and Chaura terrified the
pacifist leadership of tho Congress.
Tho betrayal by the Nationalist
leaders and the activities of the officially inspired Moderates to organ- [
ize the rival bodies called Anuin
Sabhas (peaceful associations) led I
to tho recrudescence of the movement ln the form of the Alkya
movement, which expresses the
growth of class consciousness
among the peasantry. This unity
movemont hns transgressed tho
boundarloa ofthe Unltod Provinces.
Its Influence was to bo found In tho
Bhecl uprising in Centrnl India several hundred miles away. Even
after Ihey were beaten by overwhelming military forces, the Bhoel
peasants refused to aocept tho
torms dictated to them because
they would not break the vow of
If any single slogan can involve
n large number of the Indian population it Is undoubtedly that of
"Non-Payment of Rents."-Tho temporary proclamation of civil disobedience has cnitg-it the lm>iKin.Uion
of thc poor peasantry. They have
found a woapon which they are not
going to abandon at the bidding of
any man or any national organization. Thereforo we find the agrarian disturbances spreading liko
wildfire all over the country. This
outstanding phenomenon Is even
hnving its repercussion on tho congress. Of lato there havo been
signs of the crystallization of a ten-
doncy advocating the renewal of
mass civil disobedience. Resolutions to this effect have been passed
in sevoral Informal meetings of
Congress workers. But thc faction
which Is putting forth this point of
view seeks to use the masses for
rovolution. They have still to go
further on the road of revolutionary understanding before they will
advocato revolution for the masses.
that it was introduced just- when
the railroad labor organizations
had authorized a strike against
a 12 per cent. cut. That strike
flurry passed, but the' bill remained
and is now brought up in a message by the president of the United
States as being necessary in dealing with industrial disputes."
Kellogg declared that It was
drafted over two years ago at the
instance of the American Bar Assn.
and had no relation to strikes.
"Then why did the president of*
fer it as his best reliance in dealing with them?" Wallace retorted;
"There have been many outrages
against union men in many states
—West Virlginla is an example familiar to all of you here—and yet
nobody expects federal Judges • to
take charge of the prosecution of
men who have commltte*! these
offences against us In West Virginia."
Sen. New, Indiana, challenBed
Wallace as to the Herrin; nfCoir,
Two Mexicans, he said, hod boen
murdered there, and inasmuch.as
our government had for "ten-rears
been protesting against the mw-
der of Amerlcnns in Mexico, this
was "very embarassing to no."
Gov. Small, 111., denies that Mexicans were in Herrin.
Wallace told the miners' story
—a peaceful, typical American
community, in which unionism
had meant peace for many yoars.
Then the treachery of the mine
operators in the strike, the coming of strikebreakers and great
numbers of armed men who "patrolled the countryside as though
it were conquered soil," then the
murder of two strikers, unarmed
men, by the company crew. Then
the explosion of fury. He wondered why the president could see
nothing but the fact that this
group of men were killed, ln a
strike, and why congress wns
never asked to thrust upon the
country a suspension of ordinary
court process when other groups,
with other affiliations, were killed.
Hearing will continuo for some
Buy at a union store.
Evofy reader of Tlio Fcdora-
tlonist cnn render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as tlicy are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It doc*, not take much
effort to do this.   Try It.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Twice  Daily,   2:30,   8:30,
Leon, & Company
Jessie Rccd
Jack and Jess'e Gibson
Nights   25e-$l,   Mats.   15c-40c
(Continued from  page  1)
and three months to seven years,
and one year and six months in
prison. In passing sentence, Judge
Louis D. Gibbs took occasion to
make a pompuous speech attacking the Russian government, and
following with a diatribe against
the women as two of Russia's outposts here for the "overthrow of
tbe American government In blood
and ruins."
Now the attorneys for these women, Walter Nelles and Murray
Bernays, have applied to the state
suyreme court for certificates of
reasonable doubt in both cases.
Justice Guy, who heard the application, was not ready to pass on
the matter, but he just couldn't
resist the opportunity to get some
publicity at the women's expense.
' "I haven't any great measure of
sympathy for porsons who seek to
destroy this grand government and
are anarchists in this position," he
declaimed, while tho reporters
wielded their pencils furiously to
put down every word.
The application will come up
Sept. 8. Meantime both women,
Mrs. Minnie Kolnln and Mrs. Anna
Lelsmon, are serving their sentences, still another judge—Edward J. Gavegan, of the supreme
court—having refused to Issue a
certificate of reasonable doubt be
Issued, both* will have new trials.
All three women were convipted
for distributing May day literature
last year, and their convictions
were based on leaflets which the
court permitted to be introduced,
In two of the cases, on the unsupported word of police who
broke into their apartments In
their absence and without warrants, and declared they found the
leaflets there. It was admitted
that the leaflets were not found
on their persons, and the women
denied having had the leaflets or
ever having seen them before they
were produced by the police in
Building Permits
Aug. 24—1158 Arbutus, M,
Matheson, by H. C. Woodcock, 940
—23rd Ave. W„ 13500.
Aug. 25—3090—1st W., F. Melton, by owner, $5000.
Aug. 29.—1017—20th E., A. M.
Jensen owner, $2500; 1193—19th
E„ Capt. McLean owner, $3500.
Aug. 30—1101 Parker, Union Oil
owner, $2500; 1967—13th E., H. A.
Morrison owner, $2500.
Spartnean Athletic Club to Meet
The Spartacan Athletic Club will
meet for another organization
meeting on Thursday next, Sept.
7, on the fourth floor of the Daily
Province building, at 8 p.m. sharp.
Thoso who played with the Spartacans in the Junior Football Alliance last season and any new
players wishing to sign on are requested to be at this meeting. For
further information phone Fair.
Every render of Tho Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as they arc due, aud
and hy Inducing another worker to
subscribe, lt docs not take much
effort to do this.   Try lt. .
At thc Orpheum
Headlining next week's bill at
tho Orpheum, will be seen Karyl
Norman, one of the most accomplished artists on the vaudeville
stage, and one who made an exceptional hit in Loudon last season
whero he filled an engagement
that could have been extended into
a year. Pressing contracts on this
side of the water called him back
and' ho is again on Orpheum time
with a bigger and better act than
evor. The bill next week will be
largely featured by comedy acts,
not tho least of these being "Senator Ford" of Michigan, in a riotous monologue. Jack and Jessie
Gibson In a "Cycle of Smiles and
Thrills" also comblno comedy with
more serious business of riding
bicycles in a wny never shown in
Vancouver. Jessie Reed has a
Way.. of "Saying It with Songs."
some witty, others of a more serious nature. Sully and Haughton
are billed with a skit that calls for
giggles extending into laughs all
through, in "A Calf's Love." Beth
Berl is a clever dancer and presents a company of artlsts-of standard Orpheum calibre. Leon and
Company, a mystic organization,
with illusions nnd magic, will present' one of the most brilliant and
Sensational acts ever seen on the
vaudeville stage. British Alms,
Aesop's fables and Town Topics
will round out a bill of seven vaudeville acts.
r^-i. n Avert her-*.
' , Established lfr»Vancouver since 1897
Phone Sey. 853<_T-68i0!ORIK)VA ST. W.—Vancouver, B.C.'
Brucb's Suits
Are Unexcelled for
Style and Value
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
Labor Day
MAHQN PARK, North Vancouver
Monday, Sept 4th
100 yards (Union men only)—First prize, $5.00; second, $3.00;
third, $2.00.
220 yards (Union men only)—First prize, 10 dozen eggs or
equivalent in goods; second, pair men's tennis shoes; third,
merchandise order $2.50.
440 yards (Union men only)—First prize, one ton lump coal;
second, mechanic's tools ($5.00); third, hat, value $3.50.
880 yards (Union men only)—First prize, one ton lump coal;
second, merchandise order $5.00; third, one Shamrock ham.
One mile (Union men only)—First prize, suit of clothes ($35.00);
second, one Shamrock ham; third,	
Single ladies' race (75 yards)—First prize, order hosiery, $5.00;
second, ladies' silk hose, $2.50; third, comb.
Married ladies' race (75 yards)—First prize, 5 pounds Malkin's
Best tea; second, 50 pounds rolled oats; third, 50 pounds
Wild Rose flour.
Fat ladies' race (175 pounds)—First prize, 5 pounds Great West
tea; second, 49 pounds pastry flour; third, 49 pounds Five;
Roses flour.
Veterans' race (75 yards, over 50 years)—First prize, companion
pipe, $10.00; second, pair Headlight overalls.
Business agents ahd secretaries—First prize, order $5.00 gods;
second, two pipes.
1  Nail-driving contest (ladies)—First prize, one Nabob hamper;
second, one hair brush; third, 50 pounds Wild Rose flour.
Tug-of-war (6 in team) from one Local only—Silver Challenge
Cup and silver medals. ■_..
Relay race (half mile, four in team)—Silver Challenge Cup and
four bags flour, 48 pounds.
Fat men's race (200 pounds, 75 yards)—First prize, 49 pounds
Sack race (50 yards)—First prize, one ton lump coal; second, 5
pounds coffee; third, one pair overalls.
Three-legged race (75 yards, lady and gent)—First prize, $10.00
order on Drysdale's to winning pair; second, two bags flour;
third, two brushes.
Boys under 10 years (50 yards)—First prize, suit of clothes;
second, merchandise order, $2.50; third, pair outing shoes.
Boys under 13 years (75 yards)—First prize, suit of clothes;
second, goods $3.00; third, cap.
Girls under 10 years (50 yards)—First prize, shoe certificate $2;
second, box water colors; third, $2 Creamo tickets.
Girls under 13 years (75 yards)—First prize, $3.00 Creamo
tickets; second, sweater; third, pair outing shoes.
Prize waltz—First couple, $10 order Woodward's; second couple,
Orpheum Theatre box; third couple, 49 pounds flour, gent's
Largest family on the field, house brushes; oldest bachelor,
razor; oldest maid, Polly Prim apron; youngest pair of newly
weds, passes to Pantages; boy with most freckles, boys' sweater;
girl with reddest hair, pair tennis shoes.
Other events for children will be announced on the ground.
CHILDREN'S EVENTS commence. 12 o'clock noon
LACROSSE (Squamish vs. Capilano Indians) .2:30 p.m.
All entries should be handed in to the committee at Room_308,
319 Pender Street West, on or before Saturday, or at the Part
on Monday, at least one hour before each event.
judge Harry Neelands, M.L.A.
Chairman of Sports Committee    -    -    -    Jas. Hale
Announcer, Birt Showier Starter, T. Robson
Assents    -    W. S. Dagnall, S. Smylie, G. Blackman
donators and the prizes which
The following is a list of the
they donated:
Wostern CordRgo Company (J. C. Thorn
& Cu.), 120 foot tug-of-war rope.
Genoral A. D. McRao,   McRae   Avenue,
Silver Challenge Cup, value $200.
Henry Birks, Jewolors, Qranvllle Street,
silver medals.
Hudson's Bay Company, suit clothes, $35.
Gordon Drysdale Limited, merchantable
certillcate, 110.
Woodwards Limited, merchantable certificate, $10.
Evans, Coleman & Evans Limited, one
ton lump coal.
Kirk & Co. Limited, one ton lump coal.
The W. H. Malkin Company Limited, 5
lbs. Malkin's Bost tea.
A. Macdonald & Co., 5 lbs. coffee.
Western Orocers Limited,  5 lbs. Great
■   West tea.
David Spencer Limited,. two suits boys*
' clothes, *■
Calhouns Limited, 61 Hastings East, cap.
W. B. Brummitt, Cordova Street West,
one pair Headlights.
Clamans Limited, Hastings Street, merchantable order, $5.00.
G. B. Kerfoot, merchantable order, $2.60;
Thomas Taylor, Woods Hotel, merchantable order $6.00 (Wm. Dick's).
Wray & McKee Limited, merchantable
order $2.50.
Woods Limited, ono pair  outing shoes,
Con Jones Stores, $10 (companion pipe).
Martin, finlayson i: Mather,  45  Hastings Street,  mechanics'  tools,   $5.00.
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, goods, $3.00.
P. Burns _s Co., two Shamrock hams.
Kelly-Douglas    Company,    one    Nabob
Gault Bros.; order $5.00 ladles' hosiery. ..
Vancouver Breweries Limited*, two barrels soft drinks.
Marpole Coal Company, one ton lump
Georgo Fowler Limited, ladles' silk hose,
Black and White Hat Store, hat, value
B. C. Barber Supply, hair brush No. JJ,
and comb No. 217.
Jlobson Dairy, 1115 Robson  Stroet,   15
dozen eggs, value $7.50.
Goodwin Shoe Company,     men's tennis
C. H. Jones & Son, Water Street, ordef
$5.00 goods.
E. A. Morris - Co., two pipes.
Pantages, passes.
The Brackman-Ker Milling Limited, ono
gunny B. & K. rolled oats.
Thorpe & Co., two barrels soft drinks.
Vancouver Milling &   Grain   Company,
one gunny Wild Hose 10-10, one pastry
Lako of the Woods Company, 4-48 Fivo
Roses flour.
Victory Flour Mills Limited, 8-24 Paragon Flour,
Shelly Bros. Limited, cup value $50.
Frnser   Valley   Dairies   Limited,    $5.00
Creamo tickets.
B.   C.   Manufacturers'   Association,   one
gent's,   one   lady's   and   ono '■ boy's
Center & Hanna, Georgia St., $25.
Tlsdalts Limited, ono razor.
Fuller Brush Company, two hat brushes
(gent's and lady's), two houso brushes.
A. J. Crawford, $10.00.
Orpheum Theatre, passes   (one   whole
box),   $10.
Ramsay & Co., Pender Street, box water
Editor Sportsman, $10.00.
Johnston's Big Shoe Company, shoe certillcate, $2.00.
Wilson  Shoe  Storo,  lady's tenls -hoes,
Jas, Thomson & Sons, shirts or overalls,
$5.00. '   '
Unlvorsal Knitting Company, one gent's
or ladies' sweater.
Van Loo Cigar Factory, one tin cigars.
Bankers' Association $50.00.
Bricklayers' Union, $10.00.'
Maple Leaf Saw Co., two saws.-.:.
Atkins Saw Co.', one saw. '
 .,  ., ,     ■. .■..•4li»


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