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British Columbia Federationist Sep 22, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Tradesjtnd Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Will Hold a ..Conference
During First Week
in October
Garbage By-Law Meets
With ..Strong
Unity and the need for th* assistance of women In the trades union
movement were the features of the
meeting of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council on Tuesday
night,' The need for unity waa
brought to the attention of the
council by Vice-president Bartlett,
and the necessity of women'a help
by Mrs. Haywood, of the Card and
Label League of Seattle.
In moving hla motion calling for
a conference of Labor representatives In the city, Vlce-p'resident
Bartlett atated: There are a number of Labor organizations In the
elty of Vancouver which aro not
affiliated with the central labor
body, and that it la time that a
movement was made to consolidate
the Labor movement in the city,
and to this end he moved: That
tbe secretary of the council bo instructed to ask all Labor organizations to elect three delegates to
attend a meeting to be held ln the
first week In October, the purpose
of the meeting to bring about a
consolidation of Labor's forceB ln
the city. The motion was adopted
without dissent, the council approving o fthe Idea that it Is hoped that
the meeting will be the stepping
atone to a more virile and aggressive Labor movement In the City of
Women's Fart
Mra Haywood, ln Bpeaking of the
part women could play in the Labor
movement, pointed to the work
which had been accomplished ln
Seattle, and atated that the Union
Record was the flrst consideration.
She pointed out that the wives of
Labor men were not acquainted
with the work of the unions, but
that when they were organized,
they, were a .valuable acquisition to
the movement.
Referring to The B. C. Federatlonist, she stated that lf the women would patronize only thoae
who advertise ln the local paper,
and Informed the storekeepers why
they did sn, lt would be a great
beneflt to the paper, and might'reeult in a daily paper being established,
Dealing with the work of the
women's organization In Seattle,
ahe stated that the efforts put forth
had even made the Bon Marche
come to time, and recognize the
power of organized labor. She advocated the organization of the
workers' purchasing power, and the
formation of a women's organization In Vancouver.
The result of Mrs. Haywood's
talk was a motion by Del. Showier,
which was carried, which was to
the effect that all delegates bring
their wlvea to the next meeting of
the council.
Garbage By-law
The garbage by-law recently
enacted by the City Council which
provides for householders to pay
for the removal of garbage, was
the cause of considerable debate,
the delegates taking the stand that
this waB another Imposition on the
workors. Delegate Thom of the
Carpenters started the debate by
moving a resolution, calling for a
protest being sent to tho the City
Council. In moving the motion, he
stated that residents In tho East
End had been notified as to this
(Continued on Page »
Efforts to Be Made to
Force Union
,      Scale
! thought that the
;one out of busl-
e have been no
1 during the past
 £7h is   not   the
case. The wei \- meetings have
been going on Visual with increasing membet, *\. at all meetings, an unemplo) • 1st almost too
small to be seen, n\d
tn- mini
It must nil
Engineers ha
ness because
reports of mei
two weeks, foi
when men for job-
to flnd,
e been hard
A communication was read from
the Fed., asking for support, and
the Local went on record as being
ready to support the Fed. tn every
way possible. At present the Local
Is supporting the Fed. by Inserting
Its card and subscribing In a body,
and every new member means a
new subscriber for the Fed.
The delegates to the central body
commented upon the "doings" of
the Dominion Trades Congress, oi
outlined by the delegate of the
central body, and the membership
of Local 844 expressed no surprise
at the manner In which the Congress conducted Itself, i.e., did anything and everything that was of
no material beneflt to the workers,
and left undone anything that waa
of vital interest to the workers.
It was brought to the notice of
the Local that certain employers
were paying a wage below the
union scale, and a discussion arose
as to ways and means of making
these gentlemen come through, the
consensus of opinion being that instead of members keeping away
from such Jobs they should take
them in order to keep a nonunion man away, and take such
action on the Job as would make
the Job as would make the boss
see the error of his ways. It was
also pointed out that the only
way to carry out this action effi-
clenly was by organizing, and
every effor is going to be made to
line up.tho Engineers. The International is going to assist in this
work as soon as the Pacific Coast
organizer can be spared from the
Pacific Slope to the south of us,
where he ls t present busily engaged.
Local 844 has a hard task ahead
of it owing to the large numbers of
Engineers that have obtained certificates during, the last few years,
but strong hopes are entertained of
Local 844 cutting considerable ice
in the very near future.
Australian Workers Seek
Socialization of
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—As a result of
the All-Australian Trade Union
Congress, held at Melbourne, the
Australian Labor movement, political and industrial, has now a common objective—the socialization of
There' are two opinions within
the movement as to the means by
which the objective will be attained—constitutional or otherwise.
Meanwhile, Labor desires Industry
to *be run as smoothly as Is consistent With the well-bolng of the Australian ommunlty. The oouncll of
action, -appointed by the congress,
ln an official statement, says:
"Those employers who would put
back the clock of time by reverting
to individual workshop agreements
re wages and hours, will meet with
solid opposition from organized
Arising out ot tho congress, *
■oheme for the Institution of industrial councils has been laid down,
under which wages and hours would
be determined by a federal council,
supported by state, Industrial and
works councils. Each council
would be composed of an equal
number of employers and workers,
with a chairman elected by common coneent. Under this scheme
the cumbersome and costly legal
machinery of the arbitration courts
would be eliminated, to the'benefit
of all but the lawyers.
Socialists'   Homes    Are
Raided by the
[By Gertrude Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Tokio—In connection with the
alleged Communist plot ln Osaka,
Ivan Kozlov, a Russian of American education, has been deported.
His wife and two small children,
left behind, are being hounded by
the police. A party of judges and
procurators raided the homes of
Socialists in Tokio, while seven men
were arrested ln Osaka for spread
ing Communistic doctrines among
the soldiers.
The strike of the Kobe-Osaka
tram employees resulted ln the
workers receiving an increase in
wages and as a consequence, other
strikes of tram workers are threa
tened. More than 300 workers In
the Toshin Rubber Co, plant at
Kobe are on strike. Nearly 3000
employees of the Godo Spinning
Co. at Osaka are out. There are
also strikes among the cotton work
ers, the lighters' union and in the
zinc plating Industry. Land disputes among tenant farmers have
resulted in a lower valuation of real
estate. The police are watchful of
a plan to celebrate the rice riots of
live years ago,- Japanese workers
are stirring themselves to collect
funds for Russian relief, pointing
out that Labor in Japan has not
been represented in this work-
Many members of the election
committeo,'which Is to choose delegates to the International Labor
conference ln Geneva, ln October,
are refusing to vote, owing to the
manner/In which the elections are
carried on. If he will accept, Ka-
waga, a Socialist writer, will be the
chief delegate. The chambers of
commerce are selecting the capitalist delegates to the conference.
The flrst and 15th of each month
are now observed as economy days
ln Japan. Luxuries and even tea
aro to be dispensed with on these
days. In line with this, 160 employees of the Tokio municipality
have been discharged, and the
number of court ladles ls to be
greatly reduced. The flrst economy
day resulted in a large number of
savings accounts benlg opened.
Japan has promised to evacuate
Manchuria. Three regiments of 'artillery in Chita have been disbanded, A naval officer reports that
most of the Japanese Arms in Vladivostok are preparing to leave when
the troops are withdrawn.
There is much anti-foreign propaganda against tourists visiting
Japan. It is claimed that there
are thousands of spies among them.
In contrast, Yukio Osakl, a liberal,
reminds his hearers that their ancestors were not so fearful of foreign ideas in the days when Japan
was flrst brought into contact with
other civilisations. He says if control of thought must be practiced,
It should come from men of higher
calibre than those now In charge
of government.
Ozakf has also taken up the ques-
British Labor Says: "Not a Man, Not a Gun,
Not a Ship"-
THE people of this couhtry are supposed to
be imbued with the war fever. Newspaper
headlines would lead the unthinking to believe that every citizen was on tip toe to get to.
the scene of what may be a new war to end war..
But the truth is not in the headlines of the news-;
papers. We doubt very much if the people desire to engage in another slaughter fest. But
what is labor doing?
It may be true that the signs indicate that war
will not break out, but now is the time for the
workers to voice their protest against sending
troops—for it is tbe wage earners who usually
do the fighting—to scenes pf a new conflict.
British Labor, through the official organ of
%   The freedom of tbe Dardanelles is supposed to
-be at stake. What is this freedom—the freedom
'which has been handed out to Russia, the freedom which prevented Russian ships from leaving through the Dardanelles so that succor could
'be rendered to the starving millions who were
'dying for the lack of necessities of life, while
•{tfe workers of other countries were starving because the warehouses of the world were burst-
king with the things necessary to Russia, and if
'disposed of would have resulted in employment
to the greater part of the workers of Great
./.Britain and thc American continent?  Is this
-the freedom which the workers are to be asked
to again fight for?    Labor organizations
-throughout Canada, at this time, before it is too
the Trades Congress, has said, "Not a man, net   '«late, should organize  that  matriculate  ex-
—.    ____.'.___      _.J_    __.     __!_.;__    __    St J __• 1 __   It      .1TT*11.   _t_l_,__ -        _.__>i-i-.:a.  ,,,li-A in   A«_nAnn_l in  nnit /ii-rl-1--i_i  nlnnnli
a gun, not a ship to Constantinople." Will the
Canadian Congress take the same stand, or will
it submit to new impositions on the workers?
I pression which is opposed to any further slaugh-
. {terjof the workers in the interests of impenal-
;?<!_smi and international financiers.
Conference Committee to
Deal With Present
Another Meeting to Be
Held on Thursday,
September 28
The unemployed conference committee held a well-attended meeting on the Sept. 14, in the City
Hall. A resolution calling for the
endorsation of a National Unenv
ployment Insurance scheme was
turned down, those present'taking
the position that the committee was
not formed for the purpose of solving the unemployment problem,
but to seek to secure the necessities of life for those who were immediately without food.
During the discussion, It waB
pointed out that the Unemployment
Insurance Act of the British Isles,
was not nn unmixed blessing) and
that a blacklist had alao been Instituted in connection with it, and
that the machinery of the unemployment offices had perfected the
blacklist machinery.
George Hardy, who was the principal speaker, pointed out that all
the remedial legislation passed by
capitalistic' governments had not
altered the historical position of the
workers, and pointed out thut the
object of the trades unions was to
reduce the hours of labor and give
the workers more leisure to study
their conditions. He also instanced
that the productivity of the race
will never give the workers.a greater percentage of what they produce under the present system.
Another meeting of the committee will be held ln the City Hall on
Thursday, the 28th, and alt Labor
organizations have been Invited to
send their representatives to this
Moscow Street Car Service Is an Excellent One  w
Campaign for Funds Is
Being Actively
New Policy Results in the
Restoration of
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)'
Press   Headlined   Open
Shop News but Hid
the Truth
It Is only a few days ago that tho
local press was proclaiming to all
and sundry that the Montreal newspapers were running open shops.
Big headlines were used to call attention to these "news items," but
when the real situation had to be
given out to the world, there was
no headlines, but onty a small notice In an obscure part of the papers, no front page space was de*
voted to the following news item:
Montreal—With the reaching of
an agreement by the management
of the Montreal Star with the International Typographical Union,
all the local daily papers except the
Herald, have signed new contracts
with the printers.
Paris.—Socialist and Communist
organs unite in tribute to the
memory of Jules Guesde, the
Eugene Debs of the French working class. His death has furnished
the occasion for special issues of
"'Humanlte, organ of the Communists, and of Populaire, organ of the
Social-Democrats. Hereafter the
annual Jaures day Is also to be
made the occasion for commemorating the life and Work of
tlon of population and points out
that tho lowest civilisations have
the highest birth rates. He questions whether Japan can flnd room
anywhere for her people if the present rate of increase fs kept up.
It will be recalled that Margaret
Sanger recently oame to Japan crusading for birth control.
displayed In the offlce of the municipal housekeeping department,
1920 must have been a mighty
tough year In Moscow. Every section of the city's activities, car
lines, gas, auto transport, shows a
low ebb during that year, and
gradual climbing up. through 1921
and 1922.  .
At lhe. present time, street, car
service in Moscow is as good as ln
any city I have been ln, either Eu
rope or America. The cars are de-*
slgnated by large numbers, and It
is easy even for a stranger who
does not speak Ruaslan, to use
them. The fare has been %*_, but
has gone up to S cents; it doubles
after 10 o'clock at night, when only
pleasure seekers are supposed to be
aboard. All government workers
get car tickets for about 10,cents a
The number of cars and of passengers carried has increased enormously since the low point in 1920/
The Moscow street car system started about 1905, with only 66 cars,
but then Increased rapidly till In
1915, there were 893 cars In service. From that time on the service
dropped; 300 cars were gone before the revolution broke, and by.
1920 there were only 202 cars run
nlng In Moscow.
The next year showed a slight
Improvement, the number helng
282; but with the beginning of thin
yenr a swift growth begun, month
by month, swifter than any In any
time in the past history of the car
line. There were at the end of
July, 1922, 467 cars in service,
carrying an average of 500,000 pas-,
sengers a day.
This Is utmost 60 times as many
as were carried in January, 1921. ,
Tho cily water system wus less
effected by war conditions, but it
also shows a definite fall and rise
in the amount of water consumed
In Moscow. In the early months of
1920 it fell bolow 11,000,000 pulls a
month, and Is now up again to 13,-
000,000 pnils, as it was tn 1916.
The water system is especially
signlflcant because a large part of
the plumbing of Moscow was
wrecked during the fuel famines,
when the blowing up of bridges
and war conditions generally prevented fuel from coming Into the
city. All over the city the people
huddled together In as few rooms
as possible, tearing down tha doors
and floors nnd woodwork of other
rooms In order to keep warm
through th* 70  degrees of front
President   of    Railroad
i Uiwon Urges One Day's
Pay as Donation
[By F. W. Leighton]
<Federated-Press Correspondent)
Moscow—Judging by the chart* , Mexico City—Bearing the headline: The Cause of Our Comrades
•of the United States Is Our Cause,
.the' Union of Mexican Mechanlce
(La Union de Mecanloos Mexicuna),
(hus Issued a manifesto enumerating
the points for which the shop
crafts are struggling and giving a
concise history of the origin and
progress of tho strike from Ub inception up to Aug. 22, the date of
lhe manifesto.
Included in the manifesto is a
telegram from Samuel Gompers to
the headquarters of the Mexican
Union at Aguascalientes, Mexico.
Tho Union of Mechanics, which is
one of the oldest unions ln Mexico,
■having recently celebrated Its 22nd
anniversary, is making good its
•Words by conducting a campaign
among Hs members for funds to assist the strikers. This involves a
'sacrifice. Due to the falling off or
truffle on the Mexican railways, the
■shopmen have been forced to take
u temporary cut of 25 per cent, ln
the shape of a six Instead of an
eight-hour workday.
In a tetter dated Aug. 26, addressed to the heads of alt the
unions of Mexican railway workers,
A. Cnrrlllo Vargas, president Federation of Hallway Unions, urged
Ei .donation of a day's wages to
Ist the A merienn strikers, by
ill onc of the 35,000 organized
-•ail workers of Mexico. The treasurer of the federation estimated
that If every man gave this amount,
A tsum of about 150,000 pesos ($75,-
000) would be collected.
Vargas, however, stated that It Is
unlikely that all men would be
able to contribute due to wage
outs, high prices, etc. To date thc
Union of Mechanics and the holler-
makers union have collections under wuy.
Tickets  Are on  Sale at
Trades Council
Roosting of Union Label
Is Objective of
The label committee of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
has completed all arrangements
for the opening dance, to be held
on Tuesday next, in the Cotillion
halt. Other dances will be held
during the winter months, the object being to educate the workers
to demand the union label and the
card when purchasing goods or patronizing restaurants and other
businesses where union cards can
be procured, and union conditions
thereby guaranteed.
The holder of the lucky ticket
will be presented with a union-
made suit, whether the holder be a
member of the st-rner or ger -
sex. The suit will be made by
Perry and Dolk, custom tailo: . if
plain navy serrre, and Is valued at
All trades unionists are invited
to attend this dance. Tickets can
be secured from any member ot
the Trades Council, at room 308-
319 Pender Street West. A large
crowd Is expected, so get your tickets early.
The committee hus decided, that
instead of devoting the profits from
these da'nees to tho different organizations, the surplus will be
turned over to the building fund of
the Vancouver Trades Council.
Needle Trades WUl Endeavor to Secure
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago—Amalgamation, rather
than federation, for the unions in
the needle trades, was advocated in
the report submitted by Delegate
Wortls of the Needle Trades section, and adopted by the Trade
Union Educational League at lta
recent convention ln this city,
"The problems and interests of
the workers In the needle trades
are so closely bound together that
there ls absolutely no reason for the
existence of more than one union In
the industry and a crying need exists for our amalgamation into one
powerful organisation that can better protect and further our Interests," reads the report.
Contending that the present local
unions are largely political clubs,
and more or less lifeless, the report urges the adoption of the shop
delegate system. It says: 'To establish a closer bond between the
■hop and the union, to arouse the
Initiative and Individual activity of
the rank and flle, to transfer the
power from the hands of the paid
officers into those of the workers in
tho shops, and to abolish not only
the local but the craft division—
the present system must be changed
and the shop delegate system established in its place. With the
shop as the basis unit of the organization, the union will be conducted and controller by the rank
and flle."
The report opposes, piece work
and standards of vi' uction which,
fn its opinion, tend to the same
end. It advocates the establishment of employment bureaus, such
as are conducted by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America,
as a means ot eliminating the competition for Jobs. As a step toward
the Bhop delegate system, lt advises the election of shop chairmen
to act ln an advisory capacity to
the present unions, and it repudiates the use of the Injunction on
the part of unions, as tending to
confuse the workers and to weaken
their flght against the use of the
injunction on the part of employ-
If Revelations Are True
Someone Should be Tried
for Murder
The Sacco Case Has s
New light Thrown
On It
Boston—K the revelation, made
by lira. Lola R. Anirem to tbe
effect that her testimony against
Nicola Sacco waa false and (Wen
under Intimidation are sustained,
"someone In the dlstriot attorney's
offlce at that time ought to be arrested and tried for attempted murder." declares the Boston American, In a leading editorial.
The editorial reads In part:
"The confession of the woman
who Identified Sacco that she lied
on the wltnesa stand, and that she
waa.frightened Into lying., by the
terrorising methods of the prosecuting attorney's office, ts a terrible
confession. Bhe Is either eraty or
someone In the district attorney's
offlce at that time ought to be arrested and tried for attempted murder.
"Tom Mooney, the Labor leader
ln San Francisco, barely escaped
being murdered by the district attorney's offlce, and a. lot of 'big
business conspirators.' It waa a
timely confession, and a timely discovery ot evidence which saved hla
'Cowardly prosecuting officers,
seeking notoriety at the expense oi
the helpless, persecuted men, of
radical opinions everywhere, forgetting that the accepted opinion*
of today were the radical opinions
of yesterday, anu that the pioneer* '
of reform and progress were always
radicals when they first raised their
"That VansetU and Sacco were!
not aided by the fact that they
were well-known Socialists ls car-,
tain. We are informed that tha'
Boston newspaper representatives
at the trial, experienced and well-
educated men, all agreed except the
one from the most labor-hating
liaper In the city, that the evidence
did not Justify the verdict of
guilty."    ...
J. L. L. to Meet
The Vancouver Junior Labor
League will meet tonight (Friday)
at 929 Eleventh Avenue Eaat, at 8
p.m. Business: Consideration of
season's activities. All members
specially requested to attend.
Use Fnir I'rlnllilK
The management of thc r.mp.<?__
theatre haa miulc arrangements
that all printing. Including programmes and pouter., will in future
hear thu union label, Thla la tho
result of efforts mnde by the local
Typographical Union to lino up all
theatres to have their printing done
In union shops.
which taastt a Russian winter.
Plumbing pipes broke ln all direct
tions, and the wreckage left by
those fuelless winters still complicates the housing situation of Moss;
cow and makes the securing of
rooms extremely difficult.
However, under the new Policy,
many organizations and individuals,
both public and private, obtain concessions from the city government
to rebuild or repair houses and then
obtain the use of them free for a
given number of years. One sees
this building going on ln all directions.
Jack Johnson Passes Ont
Jack Johnson, old-time machinist and member of Beaver Lodge
No. 182, of the International Machinists Association passed to the
great beyond on Monday last. For
many years "Jack" had been an
active member of the machinists!
organisation and Is well known
throughout Canada and In many
cities In the U. B. A. Always a
staunch trades unionist, even during his sickness, which resulted Ih
his death, he took an active Interest In the work of the organisation.     ,
M. h. A. and Child Welfare
Evidently child welfare does not
cut much ice with city members of
the Provincial Legislature, as at a
meeting hold on Tuesday evening
of the Child Welfare Association, to
wliich all city members had bcen
Invited, along with Dr. McLean,
minister of education, K. H. Neelands was the onty one who put in
an appearance, while ho should
have been present at the moeting
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, ub he is president of that
Building Permits
Sept. 14—1811-16 Avonue West,
Grant, Smith A McDonald, church,
Sept. 16—2788—8th Ave. West,
Darguvcl & Kilgour, dwelling,
tSOOO; 2610 Turner, Russell <_
Hardin, dwelling, (2000: 186 Water,.
Clark Fruit and Produce, warehouse, (5000.
Sept. 16—2811 McGill, F. Mollne,
dwelling, 12000; Union and Slocan,
F. P. Rogers, stables, 12300.
Sept. 19—1820-6 Oraveley, T. J.
Glddings, I. O. O. F. hall, $98(0.
Sept. 20—2835 Triumph, Sigart
Wllkens, dwelling, 11600; 2166—6th
Ave. W., H, L. Learmouth, dwelling, 13000; 1846—13th Ave. West,
R. McKenzle, dwelling, 18600.
_*atroni*fl Fed Advertisers.
Rl-linrd_on to Speak
Tom Richardson will bc the
spenker nt the T. L. P. hall, 148
Cordova Street West on Sunday
evening. The meeting will commence at 8 o'clock.
German Seafarers Get a
Nlnty Per Cent
Increase spartacans in pr»w
[By Louis P. Lochner]   . wJ^L-^i.TZ *"•««<*»»«'
(European  JDir, Federaetd  Press) 5"•"» "A■«*» ce>   Ifl8tT *l««^
„    _          Ji                " Played   Victoria  Road  Junto'a  at
Hamburg,    Germany—For    flv* Powell Street.   The play waa fairly
weeks German ocean shipping waa fast for the flrst match of the sea-
Australian Workers Are
Practising Birth
(By thc Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Birth control
Is being practiced ail over Australia
because the workers can not main
tain thelt- fumillcs on thc wages
paid to them, says Judge Pidding
ton, a Judicial dignitary in Australia.
Plddlngton added that the birthrate of Australia had declined to a
little over one-half of the figures
recorded In 1SQ0. He advocates
that the needs of a family be dealt
with on a collectlvo basis by u federal system of motherhood endowment.
Says Plddlngton: "Tho time has
gone for the legislative treatment of
the rights of child lifo by effusion
of philanthropic rhetoric with pus-
llluinimous aids such as the maternity bonus or n fow sporadic centres for child wolfare. All this is
so much politicul locomotor ataxia.
Wo must straighten and quicken
our pnee lo reach a comprehensive
system in which every homo will
be a child welfare centre. Whnt Is
urgently needed to begin with, Is a
recasting of the living wage luw,
so that In the homo of every man
who works there shall bo a fair
level of comfort for himself and
all hla dependent children, no mutter what their numbor."
Plddlngton is bost known becauso
of his recont commission on the
basic wago In Australin, wherein
ho advocated a living wago of about
$10 per week above tho present
basic wago, but which the Australian federal government refused lo
adopt on tho grounds that It would
ruin Industry.
almost at a standstill, owing to a
strike of ships' officers, englneera,
machinists nnd stokers which Involved the entire water front of Germany, and especially tho porta of
Hamburg, Bremen and Stettin.
The Issue was one of higher
wages to meet tho advancing cost
of living, and of putting Into practice tho eight-hour day on the high
seas—a demand that has thus far
beon enforced only by the French
seamen's union.
The strike wns settled through
an arbitration award by Germany's
federal department of Labor, nnd
waa accepted by the workers In a
referendum vote by nn overwhelming mnjority, after an earlier award
July 20, had beon turned down by
them. Tho award, which was accepted, gives the strikers a 90 per
cent, increaso of wages over their
April wages, leaves tho question of
overtime work beyond the eight
hours open to further negotiations,
grants a considerably higher sum
of monoy for outfitting men with
uniforms and other necessaries, nnd
makes a larger allowance for seamen who furnish their own food
whilo en route. There is to bc no
blacklist against participants in tho
The strikers foel thai tbey hnve
gained practically evory point ox
cept tho oight-hour day, but console heinselves with the fact thnt
In other countries, too, tbe eight-
hour day at sea Is, with the exception of France, a myth.
When tlie question Of a new wago
agreement first came up tit tbe end
of June, the deportment of Labor
proposed a scalo that seemed unacceptable to the workers. They
therefore declined the department's
suggestion. Thereupon the Federation of German .Ship Owners refused to denl with the union. The
workers appealed to the department of Labor to persuade the ship
owners to recede, but the department whs powerless. The atrlke
wns the inevitable result.
Tho Gorman shipping industry
bos been severely hit by the strike.
This is evident from a reading of
tho papers owned by Hugo Stlnnes,
who is heavily interested In shipping. What seems lo hurt the
Stlnnes editors most Is the fnct that
thoro ls a general breaking away
on the part of tho workers from
their trado union lenders, "it was
tho business of the trnde unions,"
Bays the Deutscho Allgemeine Zeitung, "to preserve the germinating
life in our ports and to savo German shipping. Thoy aro showing
themselves, however, either unwilling or powerless to exert tho necessary Influences upon their membership."
Bon, and resulted in a scoreless
draw. The Spartacana will play
CoUinfe'Wood Juniors on Saturday.
Labor League Notes
The South Vancouver Labor '
League will hold an educational
meeting tonight (Friday) at 7:10
prompt, at 0262 Cheater Street, just
off Forty-ninth Avenue Eaat. Many
subjects of Interest will come up for
A very successful dance waa held
ln St. Mary's hall laBt Friday night,
and the league Intends to run regular dances during the coming season.
The young people are lining up
behind tho S. V. L. L., and tho
forthcoming season should bring
forward some good work in South
Announcements of meetings will
appear Jn Tho Federatlonist from
wook to week.
New York—Tho convention of
the International Workers In the
Amalgamated Food Industries will
bo held In this city Sept. 30 and
Oct. 1, according to tho call issued
by the central executive board.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Quakers Say Russia Still
in Need of
Philadelphia—That a new famine
or nt least a continuance of the old
one is now a fact in more than
half of the 18 vololsts in the American fed territory in Russia fs the
statement issued by the American
Friends Service committee (Qunk-
ers). Feeding on a famine scale
will have to continue throughout
tho coming winter. Thero Is no
other way of saving the population.
In the month of August tho
Friends fed 140,000 people in 179
Villages. During tho harvest period
tho ration for adult workers was
doubled to enable them to do the
heavy work necessitated by tho
lack of horses,
Tho government has undertaken
a survey to determine those who arc
entitled to receivo aid from tho
Friends. Theso reports aro to be
turnod over to the district supervisors for comparison and crosschecking. Tho Friends expect to
feed all children requiring it. Adults will be fed In exchnnge for
work such ns bridge building, repairing of schools, wood cutting,
Among tho recont shipments to
Russia made by the Friends aro
12,000 wool blankets, 35,000 single
bed sheets and quantities of medicines and soap.
Cash remittances for this work
should be sent to the committee nt
20 South 12th St. Philadelphia.
Clothing should bo forwarded to
lfith and Chorry Sts. fAGE TWO
'FOURTEENTH YEAR.   No. 38     tUUTlSH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. c.
F_tIDAY...T.....Se'ptomber _2, lllf
Published every Friday mO-hing by The B. C,
Federationist, Limited
Business Oltice:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Offlee:   Room 30G, 3111 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:   P. Jt. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
J. H. Clark, Ganrse Bartley.
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, $3.00
per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of Labor:   -lie Hope of the World
FRIDAY September 22, 1922
The Near East Embroglio and
the Workers
«\TI_T.ERANS ready to go to war if aaked;
V Turk must bc held back," and other spicy
and war-like headlines have adorned thc daily
papers in this country during thc past few
days. In fact, at thc end of last week, it would
have appeared to the uninitiated, that all Canadian citizens were sitting on the doorsteps of
thc military organizations waiting to be taken
on tho strength and shipped to Constantinople
to protect someone's or some power's interests.
* *      »
Whether thc "war fever" was as high as indicated by a capitalistic press, docs not matter,
biit later press dispatches would lead us to believe that the scaremongers overstepped the
mark. They inferred that war was, if not already declared, but a matter of a few moments,
and during the week indications have appeared
in the press to show that someone has been
Spoofed, and the someone has been the headline
writer in tho daily press, for Great Britain is
not straining at the leash and the dogs of war
are not yet let loose.
* *      *
Careful observers, have from thc start, realized that the offensive against Turkey could
not be undertaken by Great Britain without
Considerable misgivings as to thc end of any
actual hostilities against the Turk. They will
have realized that with thc aid of Russia, and
say it not, France, the Turk was in a mighty
good position. British rule in India was also
another determining factor in thc situation,
and when an Indian representative now in this
country voiced thc danger which faced the
British Empire from any " holy'' war, he knew
whereof he spoke, and the British Government
was also well aware of the dangers which
lurked in any such new adventure.
The position taken by France has puzzled
many, but Walton Newbold, has put his finger
on the sore spot when he states that seventy
per cent, of thc Turkish debts arc held by that
country. But there is another factor which
even outweighs all other considerations, and
that is the power which Soviet Russia wields
throughout the capitalistic world. The leader
t>{ thc Turks has realized for some time that
the freeing of Turkey from the domination of
the great capitalistic nations can only come
through the proletariat, and it for that reason,
with a lack of security in tho British Isles, and
doubt as to what the workers of the Old Land
T.ould do if plunged into another war, that
Great Britain is gracefully, but none the less
Speedily backing up from thc flambouyant
position taken up a week ago.
* »      »
War is not quite as popular at this time as
it was in the year 1914; at that time countries
were to bc made fit for heroes to live in. The
f-srocs are not, however, over-contented with
tlieir lot, and the liberty which they fought for
now they have got it. These things must bo
coAsidoreu by the men who change thc geographical boundary lines of countries, and with
-ho Additional troubles which thc last war has
placed on their shoulders in attmpting to bol-
Iter up tho present system, they will think
twice before starting something which they
Cannot determine where it will stop, but the
workers must not lie asleep at the switch. The
British Trades Union Congress has given a
lead, and the workers of this country should
follow it and let their masters do any fighting
which they may determine should be done, for
they have nothing to gain by fighting thcir
masters' battles, and any returned hero who
fought for liberty in France and is now out of
a job, and in debt, will vouch for the truth of
this statement.
The Vancouver Trades Council's
Move (or Unity
THE proposal made at the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Counoil meeting ou Tuesday evening, to call a conference of representatives of the different labor organizations in
Vancouver during thc first week in October,
was a good one. It is a move that should bc
Supported by every organization, which claims
to have the interests of organized labor as tho
basis for its existence. Split by many things,
wliich after all are immaterial, tho Labor
Movement of Vancouver can be strengthened
and vitalized by such a conference if the delegates who attend are intent on bringing about
unity iu thc Labor Movement.
* *      *
Western Canada was at one timo looked
upon as being thc home of the militant trades
unionists. Today it is not living up to its
reputation. Split as it is in many ways, divided by reaction and leftism, the trades
union movement must be revitalized and made
a fighting forco. This cannot bc done by
living in the past, but can bc done by facing
thc future with onc objective in view, and
that the strengthening of thet power of the
organized workers by intensified organization.
* *      *
At tho conference of the Trade Union Educational League held in Chicago, a Canadian
delegate reporting on the state of tho movement in Canada, said: "It was no uncommon
thing in Western Canada to see four organizations competing with each other for the men
of ono craft in onc slicp." Uow truo this
statement was can be judged by thoso who aro
interested if they will take a survey of tho
local situation. . Such a survey will at least
demonstrate that there ore too many organizations and ont enough organization, and if the
proposed conference can pace thc way to a
ratting together of labor's forces, even in the
bringing of the different elements together,
it will not have been in vain. In any case,
thc conference should reveal where the differences lie, and their causes, and by so doing
clear the way for a real organized labor movement without the present dissensions over
matters which are not vital and prevent the
real questions which faces the organized workers being considered.
U. S. Manufacturer's Opinion of
B. C. Lumber Workers
TO bate to refer to the daily press. In fact,
™ we detest all that it stands for. But in
view of the fact that thc workers read it, and
believe what appears in its pages, we aro compelled to'deal with it from time to time, and
as time goes on and its propaganda becomes
more intense, the necessity for rebutting its
miracles against the workers is more necessary. *
* * .    .
Those of our readers who are accustomed to
having thcir views formed for them by their
masters' organs will recognize that wages arc
much too high in this country. They will have
this fact brought home to them most forcibly
on pay day when they have to meet the grocery
bill, the rent and other incidentals which crop
up periodically in the life of a free-born
British subjeet.
On these occasions they will remember that
they have bcen told that if miners' wages were
not so high, coal would be cheaper, and that if
carpenters and bricklayers would work for a
little less, house rent would be mueh lower. In
fact they will realize that if everybody but
themselves would descend to the standard of
living of a Chinaman in China, they would be
in clover. But the following extract from a
local daily, somewhat puts a crimp in the arguments of our cheap wage advocator, for while
wc have bcen told about thc profiteering of
thc Canadian worker, the United States manufacturers have a different opinion.
* *      *
It appears that the U. S. A. intends to place
B. C. shingles on the free list; in other words
to remove the duty which is now effective on
the importation of British Columbia manufactured shringles into the land of the free to
the south of our high-paid artisans and laborers. But hear what the U. S. manufacturers
say about it. Mr. McMasters, a U. S. shingle
manufacturer, according to the local press,
"Output in Washington and Oregon last
year was approximately 7,000,000,000
shingles and that of British Columbia
about 2,000,000,000. But the recent
inimical action of thc conferenco committee will undoubtedly reverse these outputs."
Mr. McMasters' announced ultimate intention of moving his mills to British Columbia is approximately the intention of
every large shingle manufacturer in the
two states. Oriental labor, cheaper wages
and longer hours in Canada cannot be
equalled here, it is declared.
* *      *
Now what do you think of yourselves, you
free-born, high-priced slaves of a great British Dominion. Do you not think you are a
cheap bunch when the U. S. manufacturers
are determined to como over the line to get
you to work for them beeause you arc cheaper
than thcir own brand of slaves?
Loeal papers state that Great Britain depends on- Greek troops. But what dependence
ean bc placed on troops which are returning
home and refuse to fight any longer? Possibly the Wizard from Wales can give us tliis
_ Any worker who imagines he can stem thc
rising tide of discontent in the ranks of the
working class should take a course in working
class "economics" from J. Hi Thomas, British
Labor M. P. He will then bc able to lift himself out of the slough of capitalism by his
boot straps, if he has strength' enough, which
we imagine only those who become privy councillors possess.
It has been insisted that thc League of Nations prevent a war in thc Near East. Wo
might ask at this time what thc League of
Nations ever did wliich would indicate that
this capitalistic abortion could do anything but
cause more trouble. In fact we might suggest
to the workers that they alone ean prevent
war, but they cannot do that while they have
thc same viewpoint as their masters.
Trades unionists in Vancouver arc so full of
apathy that it is almost a tragedy. But with
the winter months coming on, it is expected
that thc union meetings will take on a more
businesslike aspect, No, it is not thc other follow. Did you attend thc last meeting? If
not, why not? Is it not your business to sec
what is boing done by the union you criticize?
It is your union, is it not? If not, why not
make it so?
In Russia, since thc reds obtained control of
that country, some thirteen million adults
have bcen educated. They were never educated under the Czar, not even to read and
write, but we venture to suggest that thc thirteen million now know more than to read and
write; possibly they know just what privato
property and its relation to tho workers mean,
and this may be what the ruling Slass of this
country fear.
There never was a war in which the enemy
did not perpetrate unnamable atrocities. Of
course the enemy is always on tho other sido.
That is only natural. But it is only a few
days ago since wc were told of tho atrocities
of tbe Turk. Even the daily press contradicts
itself, as thc following extract from a local
newspaper will show:
"The burning of Smyrna will rank as
thc world's greatest tragedy, and it is likely the historian will divide the responsibility. Thc Greek action in arming thc civilians, together with tho prolonged and extensive sniping, exasperated tho Turks be-
yond Die officers' control."
Of course thc historian's viewpoint will bo
colored by those who pay tho prico, and wo
may have in the future, as wo havo at the
present, two histories of tho war which was
waged in France and Flanders to end war, but
which only made moro wars possible.
The Rise and Fall of the Entente
Foreword '
•T-HE3 breakdown of the London
■*• Conference oE-Premiera and the
agreement ot Messrs. Lloyd George
and Poincare to disagree makes
It evident that the alliance between
Britain and France is, to all intents and purposes; at an end.
The partnership of these two
powers began in 1904 as an entonte
and, secretly and imperceptibly,
developed Into a military and naval
alliance against a third party, viz.,
Germany. With the overthrow and
ruination of that party, comes an
Inevitable dlssolutlon.
A crisis in British foreign relations has been reached, fraught
with such grave and far-reaching
consequences and calculated
completely to change the face of
tho world politics, that It Is extremely desirable and, indeed, vitally necessary to understand the
full significance of what is happening. For that reason, in this
and ensuing articles, my Intention
is to examine the Entente between
Britain and France, to enquire Into
Its origins, to take not* of Its op<
orations and to explain the causes
of Its collapse.
In this country, we have had ill
too little Marxian literature analysing scientifically the material
forces whose interplay has given
rise to this similarly important international political phenomena.
We have had to be content with
the writings either of social patriots (the hacks of the Grand
Orient, or tho social democratic
apostles of petit bourgeois republican "liberty"), or of social pacifists, whose brilliant and exhaustive studies of the Liberal viewpoint from which theae latter-day
disciples of "Manchesterism" approached thoir subject.
Our own people have had, of
necessity, to go to the. works of
such writers as Morel and Brnilsford and Buxton, and, ln consequence, lack the material upon
which to base a sound communist
Now that the banded bandits of
French and British imperialism are
parting company and, instead of
co-operating to despoil and devour
what was predatory Germany, nre
eyeing each other and wilh nervous
fingers toying with the daggers of
a new duel, it is imperative that
wo should understand the basis of
their former pact and the causes
of their present quarrel.
The Economics of Reaction
Throughout the period since
Waterloo there has throbbed
through the brain of France the
memory of the fact that, in (the
wars of the 48th century, sho lost
to Britain the promising foundations of a world-wide colonial empire. The bourgeoisie of Vapla,
Marseilles and Bordeaux doc3 not
forgot that the North American
continent was once In tho grip of
France, and that India might have
been theirs as well.
Had it not been for the success
of England in repeated wars and
armed diplomatic encounters,
France would also have, as the
ally of Spain, had, as her special
preserve, the fabulously valuable
commerce of the South American
Prior to the Revolution, France
was much richer and had a greater overseas trade than Britain. Political circumstances, at home and
abroad, coinciding with great
changes in the methods of production, combined to make bourgeois
Frnnce appeacthe victim of a conspiracy by Britain and carried
through (according to the Monarchists) by the aid of German-
Jew financiers.
The Buonopartists, whose original leader, Napoleon I., had sought
with an armed nation at his call
to break the economic powor of
England and her allies, and had
fostered the old flnanclal interests
incorporated in and grouped
around the Bank of France (which
he created), stood for and left behind them a tradition of a military
dictator, serving the causo of an
adventurous and prosperous financial oligarchy.
One might say that the Monarchists, represented today by the parties of the Extreme Right, have
aimod at reviving tho ancient glories of France under the Grand
Monarch, "Ie roe soldi," Louis
Their dream ls always of France
—victorious on the Rhine, mnster
of Germany, arbiter of Europe. It
is this ideal which, diffused
throughout the parties of the Reaction, consumes with pnsslonato
devotion to "La Patrie," that pious
Catholic Marshal Foch.
Tho Reactionaries, the party of
the Clericals, are, also, iih Cntholics,
nnimnted by a fanatical hatred-
after the munner of "Plain Eng-
Bllsh"—of tho Jewish banking oligarchy and, ns Frenchmen nnd
patriot landlords, Incensed against
them aa revolutionaries escaped
from tho Frankfurt ghetto.
This political entity lumps to
gether nil foreigners, whethor Ger
mans, Italians, Dutch or English,
ns organized conspiracies of Gorman Israelites bent on tho ruin of
Christendom ln general and Franco
In particular.
For the last forty years there
have been really, no BuonopartiBts
and the Monarchists have become
less conspicuous as such and more
evident as Clericals and Nationalists—which latter category, under
one or'othor party name incomprehensible to the ordinary Britisher, covers the heirs of the Napoleonic tradition of military dictatorship.
Tho Big Banks
In tho centre of French politfcs
aro othor parties, with weird names,
bent on advancing tho cause of
oligarchy who, from 1830 and,
again, from 1861, from 1872 and
from 1888, have, ln successive
waves of private and public banking and Investment houses and
companies, established themselves
as the grand* bourgooislo of
There are th* people who constitute, for the most part, the
ownors and administrators of the
Bank of France and those six great
banks, I.e.: the Comptoir National
d'EBCompte de Paris, the Credit
Moblller Lyonnals, th* Banque de
Parle at des Pays Bat, the Banque
de 1'Unlon Parlslenn*.
Those are th* people who dominate the Frenoh Colonies; who
hold 70 per cent of th* Ottoman
Debt;    who are big creditors off de r Union Pai'islcnne and Schnel
Central Europe and Italy; who had
gigantic interests ln Russia.
"They are an economic amalgam,
made up of groupa which, in the
past, have fiercely fought each
other; and, quite naturally, they are
the core of the "Bloc National"
and the most ardent supporters of
Poincare, Barthou and Tardieu.
_, They are the French equivalents
of the British Coalition and, like
the latter, their bios is increasingly Conservative.
Tlie Bourgeois Opposition,
Prior  to  tho  war,   there   were
Between the big monopolist
hanks I havo named and the So
olete Generale there stood, before
the war, but having affiliations with'
them, the Banque Francaise pour
le Commerce et ('Industrie, another
concern with cosmopolitan connections and strong links wtth British
and Belgian Judlasm. Today, this
bank is lined up with, whilst the
Socleto Generale haa been absorbed
by, the big monopolist banks.
There is, at present, only ono
big hank which whilst  In French
Ilnance, is not really of it, viz., Sir
other interests such as the Societe Basii Zararoff's concern, tho Banque
Generale de Paris which, at that
time, was roundly accused of being a Gorman institution. It was,
certainly, cosmopolitan and ft had
been , in its origin, financed largely by English Catholic bankers,
Manchester textile manufacturers
and Jewish cotton brokers.
This "Society" was the main economic prop of the pre-war leader
of the French Radicals, M. Caillaux.
He, like his contemporary, Lloyd
George, mixed up with some queer
people—"queer" In the financial
sense. He was the political champion of the lower middle class. H*
wanted to cheapen credit and to
emancipate trade and Industry from
the clutches of the monopolist
banks. Needless to say, Poincare
and he were pitiless enemlos.
He was an intimate of Sir Ernest
Cassel (the late lamented friend of
Sidney Webb, patron of the London
School of Economics and financier
of the W. E. A.)
He was, also, it would seem, from
his flnanclal connections, the creature of those Greeks who, .today,
having had the Societe Generale
wrenched from their grasp, aro
running Sir Basil Zaharoff, his
Banque de la Seine and Its associate enterprises. Caillaux is, of
course. In eclipse.
Unlike Lloyd George, he took tho
wrong turning. Now he haa to be
content with the admiration of the
"Labor Leader" which sees ln him
another edition of Philip Snowden.
Coalition    -
Between Caillaux and Poincare
politically, there stand Clemenceau,
of tho Republican Left, and Millerand nnd Briand, the renegade "Socialists." Today, of course, thore
is not much space dividing any of
these beaytloi. They all belong to
the class of lawyer politicians who,
havins seen In the votes and briefs'
of the proletariat and the lower
middlo class stepping stones to
higher things, have eventually "arrived." Like Lloyd Georgo and, in
a lesser degree, the kept Labor M.
P.'s who joined the Coalition, they
are now lho.subservient tools of the
industrial magnates and high financiers.
Millerand, as president, nnd Poin-
carb, ns premier, dance to the pipes
of 'M Sargent nnd M. Schneider,
th*1 respective he-ids of tho Banq.:e
do la Seine. This Institution works
In conjunction with the Antflo-Per*
sian Oil Cpmpany and sundry enterprises operating In Egypt and
generally throughout the near east.
What politicians n-dpond to its inspiration it ls not easy to say.
Such then ls, historically reviewed, the background of economics
and of politics on which have been
chiselled the frescoes of the Entente,
(To be continued)
"In all my stago career, I have
never been given the opportunity to
appear in so colorful a part as that
of 'Ming Toy' In 'East Is West1 "
said Miss .Marriott, popular leading
woman of the Associate Players,
when seen ln her dressing room between acts at the Empress theatre
last evening. "If the audiences
next week fall half as much in lovo
with her as I havo, they will be
talking about the play for the next
And this is the opinion of every
member of the Asoclate Players,
They all agree that in securing
"East Is West" for production for
next week, Manager Wlonthoff has
accomplished a brilliant stroke of
showmanship. Tho theatregoers of
Vancouver are going to have tlie opportunity of seeing a play that haa
been the talk of two continents for
over threo years,
"East Is West" la a stage classic,
It will probably be yoars before another play of the same type is written nnd equals its record. It is beyond any question one of thc greatest offerings that any-' stock company could produce nnd the Associate Players nro the flrst in the
Dominion of Canada to present it.
of rare charm and beauty
—reasonably priced.
The work of expert designers in our own factory—copied from fashion
Famous «Tr
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Our stock of. Oil Clothing, Raintest Clothing,
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W. B. Brummitt
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and 444 Main Street
Two Short Words. Bridging thc Gulf Helm™
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HASTINGS and OEYJIOun Oeo. S. Harrison. Manager
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Union Bank of Canada
I'.S.—If you nro living In a community not provided with Banking fneill-
"tips, niMrri--* un hy mail, snd wn will bo glad lo guido you In r<.K]>cct to
: "Bunking by Mill."
Ask for
"It Can't Be Beat"
Light-weight Fibre
Silk Neck Scarfs
at $2.75
MANY have been looking for just such a scarf
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These are attractive, being of smart color combinations
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saxe bine and white, mauve and white, Pekin and white,
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aud Non-alcoholic wines ot all
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|or aupolntiiU-Ul
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Suito 301 Dominion Rulldlng
1180 (horgU Strwt
Bandar ■•rvieei, 11 **>,m. uid 7.30 p.n.
BuncUj    teboo)    lniumUisteij     following
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901-903   Dlrki   Bide.
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
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Phona Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
"A Oood Placo to Est"
to Gaol
Persecution by th'e Medical Association
has resulted in a gaol sentence of one
month being meted out to me. Why? Because through simple chiropractic adjustments cures are effected where medical
men have failed.
Is it fair—is it justice—is it British—
that a law should remain on our statute
books giving to one set of men the sole right
to heal or attempt to heal—and if they fail,
then NO ONE ELSE, under that act, can be
allowed to aid?
Chiropractic treats the cause
of disease. Symptoms are
merely secondary.
Chiropractic relieves the cause—permits
the full supply of nerve impulse to flow uninterruptedly to the affected part, thus allowing nature to heal in her own inimitable
Dr. Elmo Marshall
Graduate National Coll.go of Clil.oii.iwUc, Chicago, Ills.
509 Holden Block  16Hastings St.E.
Phono lor Appointing nt—Seymour 0021 F_UDAY_ September i_, 1923
A Dental Service that is complete
in every particular
I am in tlio unique position of being able to
cope with every kind of dental problem in the
most modern and satisfactory way possible.
To do this I have equipped my olllce with every
laboratory facility, as well as a complete X-ray
service. Nothing has been overlooked that
would add to your comfort and improve my
work. You need fear no pain. My methods
are endorsed by the highest dental authorities.
ThlB has long
boen my specialty, the making of
teeth that match
tho natural and
give your features the full
benefit of perfect
If you need dental aUcntlou, let
mc show 3 on how simple and Inexpensive thc work can be
Dr. Brett Anderson
603 Hastings Street West
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 3331
C. P. H. Lumber Co., Camp 8
ThlB Is a new camp, hut at that
it Is worse than somo camps I have
seen back in Ontario twenty years
ago. There is no bath-house and
tho bunk-house Is overcrowded; in
fact the general conditions of the
camp does not come up to the requirements of the Health Act- The
food ia fair, but that is because of
the man who is cooking, and not
the result of any generosity on tho
part of the company. Get organized, take some action on your own
behalf, and force these outfits to
givo us conditions fit to live under.
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of thr Faculty of the
College ol Dentistry, University of ttoulkera California, Lecturer •-*
Cruwtt and Bridgework, DomonitraWr la Plato work and OpaiaUva
Dentistry, Local and Oeneral Anaeithe. la.       "
Vancouver Unions
Council—President, R* H. NoeUnd.,
I.L.A.; general iecretary, Percy tt. Ben-
(High. Office: 80S, altt Pender St. W.
bono Sey. 7495. Mucti in Labor Hall at
p.m. on tho ilrst aa* third Tuesday!
t month,
I ell—MeetB secud Monday ia tha
■nontli. President, J, B. White; secre-
tgry, R, H, Meeiands, P. 0. Box 66,
F Meets second Thursday every month,
B19 Pender St. W. Prosidcnt, J. Bright-
hreoll; financial secretary, U. A. Bowron,
Tj8*9_Burm  St. _   	
Journeymen barbebs'  interna-
tional Union of Americ*— Local 120,
,'ancouvor, B.C., meets "socvriit and fourth
L'ucsduys in eaeh month ia Room 318. 319
/ender Street West- Presidtnt, 0. E.
Itcrrett, 71 Hastings St- E. N-m-lnry,
A. tt. .Inni. 320 Cambie St. Sliup phoBf,
Bey. 2702. Residence phone, Dong. 217IK.
. HiiiliTiiirtker.i, Iron: Shipbuilders and
helpers of America, Locnl 194—Meetings
r.s! und third Mondays in eaeh month,
'resident, P, Willis* secret it rv, A. Fraaer.
fcfllce: Room 303—819 Ponder St. W
Jffico hours, 0 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
noed bricklayers or taaiona for hollar
-orks, etc., or marble setters, phone
'ricklaycrs' Union, _Lebor Tenple. 
penters nud Joinors, Local •1**"—Pros!-
cnt, Wm. Dunn; recording aeeretary,
eo. Snell; business agent, Geo. H. Hardy.
.fl_ce; Room 304, 319 Ponder St. W.
leeta second and fourth Mondays, 8 p.tA.,
„,l>om. 1_J. _9. jP,*"der .^JY :,„ l—
3- Union, Local 28—441 Seymonr Streot.
Btoets flrst and third Wednesdays rt 2.30
Second and fourth Wednesdays nt
1._. p.m. Executive beard moots overy
'nesday at tl p.ut. Pruldent W, Colmar.
luttlui'-js ngent, A. Oraham. Phone Sey.
, Atsoolatioa, Local B6-6J—Offlie and
Sll, 163 Cordova St, W. Meets first
sd third frldaya, « pjs, SecreUry
reeinrer, T. Nixon; buainess agent, P.
■Ui unloa of all worken In log-
lug and construction tamps. Coast Dls*
rlet and Oeneral Headquarters, 81 Cot-
ava St. W-, Vaneoaver. B. 0. Phone Sej.
B50. J. M. Clarke, general si-crolary
easurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
lacdonsld A Co., Vaneoaver, B. C; audi-
Rn, Messrs, Buttar * Chiene, Vaacou-
r, B. 0. _____	
ACHINISTS LOCAL 692—President.
'Ed. Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; busl-
n ngent, P. R. Bomroufh. Office: 309,
ft Pender St. W. MoeU ia Room 8,
9 Pander St. W., on aacond and fourth
Iteiilny in month.    	
| ACHINISTS LOCAL 182—Preutdnnt,
Leo George; secretary, J. G. Keefe;
sinoss ngent, P. R. Bengough. Office;
9, 319 Pender St. W. Meeta in Room
3, 319 Pender St. W. on first and third
mrsdaya hi month,
rators and Papertangers of America,
ical lit, VaacuBYor—Meets 2nd aad
h Thursday! at 148 Cordova St. W.
tone Soy, 8491. Business agent, R. A.
B. 0.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
nlon of British Columbia—Moeting
ght, flrst and third Wednesday of eaoh
jiith at 318 Cordova St. W. President,
, Thom; vice-president, R. Morgan;
crotary-treasurer, W, Donaldson. Ad*
ess, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. 0,
ictoria Braneh Agent's address, W,
■ancis, 567 Johnson St., Victoria. B. 0.
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meats
ery Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807
bor Temple. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
oen, 0.'>3 Hornby St. Phona Sey. 7048R.
'cording SecreUry, W. Chandler, 1631
11 Ave-. North Vaneoaver.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
■Meets K. P. Hnll, 8th and Klogsway,
t and Srd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7
m. President, F. A. Hoovor, 2409 Clarko
rive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
■1—(ith Avonue East; ireasu.fr, 4. F.
ndreu-; iinnncial-secrotnry and btlll'
ss strent, W. U. Cottrell, 4308 Dum-
les Htreet; office, cornor Prior and Main
Phone Fnir, __J004R__
'America, Local Ne. 178—Meetings held
st M-ndsy In each month, 8 p.m. P«i*
bnt, A. R. Gatonliy; vice-president, Mrs.
oik; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
' 0, Box 50.1;    financial   secretary, P.
feNoish, P. 0. Box 508.	
of tlm 0.  B. U. meets oa the third
Wednesday of every month,
Soviet Russia, Vaneonver branch, moots
rst nnd third Sundays each month, _
m., nt 61 Cordova St. W-   For inform*'
pn write to branch secretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
1 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0.
( Tou may wish to help Tlie Fed-
i rntionitst. You can do so by renew
[■? your subscription promptly and
[ending In tho subscription of your
j'rleml or neighbor.
\ To most people, the connecting or
disconnecting of a telephone sterna a
'simplo operatinn ;t installing or re*
moving the instrument-   As a natter
> of fact, In ovory cane It necessitates
'■changes In tho catties and wires over-
bead or underground,   It nino necPFt.1*
I tates cbnnRCS in contra] offlco irirei
nnd switchboard connections; in subscribers' accounts and directory listings; and frequently re-iuircs new
"drop" lines from open wires or
cables. Thu problems of station movement nro anion tr the lnrge problems of
telephone service. tlucnuso of tbo
double operation of disconnecting and
reconnecting, the work involved Is
often twico na great u In tho caso
of new subscribers.
One dollar ana fifty centa la the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Fedeirattonlat.
Logging Men!
Christie's No. SOO Calfskin
Single Solo Stltchdowu Boot
is the lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
If yon uae yonr feet as a sledge-
bnminer on hooks, chains, otc,
then bay Christie's No. 50 and go
at U- Waterproof; guaranteed to
hold caulks.
Christie Boot
Phono Sny. 31)70
Slater Bros.
to all luirts of tho dty and
123 Hastings East Sey. ran
830 Granville. Sey.   806
11*1 Gramme Sey. 0110
3200 Main Street. Fair. 1683
The  vory  choicest  of  beef  at
reasonable prices.
Finest Steer Fot  Roasts from,
per Ib 10c
Finest Steer Oven Roasts from,
por lb _2l/2c
Choice Boiling Beef, lb 8c
Choice Sirloin Tip, per lb 28c
Finest Rump Roast from, lb..22c
We have a consignment of Pork
Shoulders which we are putting
on sale at a reduced price.
Fresh   Grain-fed   Perk   Shoulders, special. _ _\ —
per lb.       lOjC
Small Meaty Roasta of Pork,
very littlo bone, weight from
2 to 6 lbs.; special,    «e
por lb     aOC
Choice drain-fed Pork OO —
Loins, per lb    OOC
Prime Meaty Roaata of OB«
Lamb, per lb. .„  _f_OC
Prime Legs of Lamb, i)g
per lb „  OOC
Prime Loins ot Lamb, nn
per lb  «J__aC
Choice Lamb Stew, ng
2 lbs. for  4-1 DC
On sale FHdoy and Saturday, a special consignment of
Slator's famous Streaky
Bacon, half or whole slabs.
Extra spocial,        *> | 1
price, por lb    Ol Z v
Hastings Street store only.
Slater's Special Alborta Table
Butter, At    * f*
t lbs. for  9 1 • 1 O
Swift's Sugar Cured Ham; regular 48c lb.; Friday and Saturday, per QOl«
lb. „     OJ7 2 C
On sale Friday  and   Saturday,
Ogllvle's    Famous    Royal
Household  Flour;   reg. $2.3-
por 49 lbs. *|   (\C
Special for   V let/O
Remember, this  ls   Canada's
best flour.      t
Special Deliveries to Hastings St.
E., Vancouver Heights, Colllng-
n ood, Kingsnay, Fraser Avenue,
Gramlt loiv, Victoria Drive, Main
Street, Fairvicw West avenues,
Point Orey, West Bnd and
I-tmrno and all side streets.
Slater's Quality
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bullia,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
it* IlR-itlngn St. E. 2—STOKES— 2 60S GranvUle St.
Soy. 988-872 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"       Sey. 9M.1-1.101
B. C. Spruce l-fills, Ijumberton, B.C.
This compnny Is going to operate threo lurge camps this winter.
Hl-inki'iti are furnished at Clve conts
per day, bath-houao but no dry
loom, consequently the men have
to hung their wet clothes In the
snme room as they Bleep ln.
"Highball" outfit, working ten
houra. Get busy and organize this
place, and get the eight-hour day.
It la an eaay task once you are organized, as la evidenced by the
fact that the workers In other
camps last week won three strikes,
and. gained, the eight-hour day
without even having to leave the
Sulllvnn Minea, Kimberly, a €.
This outfit wis working eight
hours on the new concentrator, but
•t the beginning of thb weok they
made it a nine-hour job, but did
not raise the wages, and the workers did not say a word in protest,
Tou have to carry your own blankets on this job and the food ia the
cheapest sort that the company
can buy. There is a great opportunity to do something here if the
men on the Job wero organized.
There will bo no one to scab, and
If the masters of industry are
anxious to keep their camps running, and wo know they are at
presont, they will hire for eight
hours just as soon as they will for
ten, rather than shut down.    \
them living a life of uselessness.
By getting rid of these parasites
we will be making a great forward
atop In the working-class movement.
have a chance to go to work ln
this camp. Conditions are a lot
batfeirtjth^n thpy were a couple of
month$ %o. **We are hoping that
this camp wilf bo one hundred per
cent, union in a short time. The
boys wpuld like to hear from other
camps.; Del. H-12.
Mainland Cedar Co., Jervis Inlet
This camp ia 80 per cent, union
and the rest of the crew fa rapidly
falling in line. Thla has been accomplished without coercing anyone, as card packers- are not wanted. The camp is working eight
hours. We have a new cook and
the board la good. Sleeping accommodations are not up to the
standard, imt we are hoping that
will Improve in the near future.
Tii-.1 hook-tender is a pretty decent
aort, does a fair day's work without driving anyone. Don't bo
backward In coining up here if you
Clcmoris Logging  Co.,  Melbourne,
,-;,      Washington -
Bunkhouses, are on wheels, dimensions 36x16x12, eight windows
on each sido, and two large ones
on each end. Sixteen bunks, Iron
double-deckers. Tho bunkhouses
are painted white Inside and scrubbed out once each week. There is
alao a bath and wash houso and
dry room. The ground ia very
rough, but the pay ia fifty cents
per day higher than in camps
where the ground Ib better. The
food is good. The wages from
$4.00 to $4._:;. low for eight hours,
but the wages are going up all the
time. Was at a camp a short time
ago where the ground was better, but the food was rotten, so I
quit. J. L.
[The opinions and Ideas expreased^would get out of the war.   About
0- N. P. Lumber Co., Camp 0,
Copper Creek, 11. C.
This camp has about 15 men
working, some union men on the
job and also some of the "Mr.
Block" variety. The foreman is a
dirt mover and does not know
much about the bush. It is pretty
much "highball," as the long
walking boss is there nearly all the
time. Camp 2 of the same company hnd to shut down somo time
ago for the lack of men, so now
is the time for united action to
make this a decent camp. Oet
busy before the "chicken" comes in
from the prairie.
Otis Staples Lumber Co., WycIlfTe
This company has built a new
camp in the Lost Dog Canyon, but
the workers in this camp are lost.
They have all gone "jyppo." They
are sawing by the bushel, trucking
by the. million, and skidding by
the thousand, in fact I believe It
is all "jyppo" from the bull-cook
to thc walking boss. That is about
the best known way for the workers to cut their own throats, and
the longer that it is tolerated the
longer It will be before we get any
better conditions. Organise and
take action.
Adolph Lumber Co., Bnynes Lake
This outflt is also on the "jyppo"
plan. The men are sawing by the
bushel, and the loaders are working from ten to fourteen hours per
day which tends to make longer
houra for the rest of the crew. Organize and get busy. If the company wants to work sixteen hours
per day then put on two crews
each working eight hours.
Baker & McNab Lumber Co.,
Waldo, B. C.
This camp was at one time
classed as one of tho best camps
In the interior of B. Cj but today
it is one of tho worst. The bedbugs are so numerous that they
nearly pack away a fellow at
night. This Is now a twenty-four
hour camp, the coihpany works
ten hours and the bed-bugs work
fourteen. Double-deck bunks, bunkhouse overcrowded, no dry house,
and the board is of the kind that
cannot be described. This fs a
good placo*for the health inspector
to visit, and see that the Health
Act ls enforced.
Ross Saskatoon Lumber
Waldo, H. C,
This outflt has had to close down
their mill for lack of logs, on account of having no men to Set out
the timber. Now, fellow workors,
with a littlo organization you wtfl
be able to compel these companies
to Improve tho filthy conditions of
their camps. Aa long as you are
satisfied to live in hovels like pigs,
the lumber kings aro not going to
fix them up, Let us mako a fight
for tho eight-hour day and all
blankets furnished.: If you do not
help yourselves no ono else will.
Organise In an organization of your
class. Get rid of tho blood suckers who are continually clinging to
you until you get broko, such as
the bootlegger.   Refuse   to   keep
Hydro Therapy
Will make you well again
Dr. W.Lee Holder
74 Fairfield Bldg.
Sey. 85S3      Vancouver, B.C.
Mon., Wed., Friday 1-8
Tues., Thurs., Saturday.„.l-5
by correspondents are not necessarily endorsed by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed is accepted by the
"The Trades and Labor Congress
and Trading with Russia"
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
It has beon reported, app-rently
correctly, that President Tom
Moore took a strong stand against
the suggested luan to tho Russian
government, of 15 million •'ullars,
to be spent in Canada purchasing
those things Camilla hus lo sell-,
and which Russia needs One or
two reasons, or excuses, given were
that there was much poverty in
Canada, and that till the Russian
authorities removed the bayonets
from tho throats of tne Russian
workers he (Moore) would oppose
such a loan. "Zowie." Oh, consistency though art a Jewel!
I am Inclined to think if Moore
had said that Sam Gompers (who
had previously attended the convention) had told him what to do
It would at least have been more
consistent with Moore's previous
attitude. If Gompers, Moore, ot
al., want to assist to remove the
bayonets from the throat' of the
workers, there sure is greut scope
on this continent. Where there are
thousands of bayonets pointing at
the throats of the workers, and
many of them pretty close at that,
And while the Congress waa In session thero were hundreds of bayonets ready to crush the striking
miners in Nova Scotia. But where
was Moore's protest?
Tho Winnipeg strike was another
example where Moore ind his satellites line up. When oans, many
millions over 15, were granted by
the Canadian governme it to Rumania and Greece, I havi no knowledge of Moore protesting, and both
of these countries arc adepts at
crushing the workers af the point
of the bayonet.
I think it is generally recognized
that the present government In
Russia is the only posslblt one—
even Lloyd George recognizti this
—and millions of dollara hav.* already been spent fn Canada by the
present Russian governmont, mutually helping both countrios.      .   ,
What a difference between the
supposed representative of Labor
and such men as Dr. Nansen and
others of similar outlook. I
Speaking-at Goneva, Sept. 8, he
(Dr. Nansen) amongst other things,
said that the nations of the world,;
and not the Russian poople, wero
responsible for the starvation in
And the International Bible Students in The Golden Age, August
30, page 745, state in no uncertain
terms that the blockade of Russia
is tho cause of the fearful famine
there, with cannibalism. But, of
course, these people do not officially represent organized labor. Gompers, Mooro, et al. mny for the present, be able to fool the workers,
!»it the reaction of such tactics will
bo like the bursting of a dam.
Tako even a fleeting glance at
world conditions, even n prejudiced
glance, then tell us where greater
hopes for civilisation , lies than
amongst the Russian workers, who
Mooro would continuo to commit to
death by starvation.
Whatever the futuro may havo In
store for these peoplo, ono thing Is
fairly certain, in the duys that are
to come, when prejudice has died
out, and the renl history of the
Russian revolution is known, it
will stand out is ono of tho grcA-
est beacon lights in the pathway of
human progress.
Nanaimo,  B.  C,
September 12, 1922.
as much as we got out of the last, I
guess. But I do ask, to what would
our participation lead? Outbreaks
are threatened In India, Egypt,
Persia, Mesopotamia and Bulgaria
and Russia will take the field.
Would the people of Canada help
pacify the natives of the Oriental
countries, and perhaps also take
care of any eventualities which
might arise In Siberia? Tours truly.
,    -     MAURICE GARVIN,
Vancouver, B. C_
September 18, 1922.
Trades Council Seeks
Unity of Labor
(Continued  from   page 1)
new tax,, but that residents In the
West Bnd had not yet been notified. Delegate Showier, ln supporting the resolution, stated that
the residents of the West End had
been notified, and that Alderman
Scrlbblns was chairman of the
committeo which had introduced
the by-law. Delegate Pettipiece
said that Alderman Crone was responsible for the legislation, and
on the understanding that the tax
was only to bo effective one year,
he had supported it so that the
city would be ablo to purchase the
equipment 'to care for the city's
garbage and take the collection of
It out of the hands of private Individuals. He had, however, pro
tested against such legislation, as
tt was an attempt to transfer the
cost-;of garbage collecion from
property to the Individual. Several
delegates expressed the opinion
that no tat*'waa"-<ever levied for a
year which did not become a permanent tax. The council finally
went on record as being opposed
to this tax as applied to householders.     '
Want Bulger Removed
The carpenters' delegates, who
reported that they were dissatisfied
with the present Dominion fair
wage officer, Mr. Bulger, introduced a resolution calling for the
appointment of a man more conversant with local conditions, and
instructing the secretary of the
-jouncil to take tho matter up with
thi department at Ottawa.
Thi resolution as proposed by
the ca. centers was adopted.
Text books for children In the
public and high schools was the
aubject of another resolution by
tho   Carpenters.   This   resolution
called for free text books and
suplles for children attending; the
public and lilgh schools.
Delegate Pettlplece said that the
council should communicate with
the department at Victoria and the
City School Board, asking the latter body to purchase a sufficient
supply of books and other supplies
to care for the needs of the children, and suggested that Mr. Mc-
Innia of the School Board would
support such a policy.
Seeretary Bengough reported
that he had seen tho secretary of
the School Board, who had stated
that if the board purchased the
supplies there would be a roar
from the larger merchants. He.
alao stated thai he had told the!
secretary it would be better to j
penalize the stores than the chil- i
dren. He also reported thet it
had been suggested to him that
the children attending the Techni-:
cal School could make the tables
for the kindergarten classes, and
that he had been asked to bring
this matter to the attention of the
council with a view of finding out
If the delegates would object to
such a course being adopted. The
resolution was then adopted.
Fables for Schools
Delegate Pettlplece suggested
that when the executive met the
School Board that there would be
no harm in supporting the proposal
that the boys at the Technical
School should make, the tables.
Delegate Hardy opposed the suggestion, and suggested that the
technical schools could start, a
printing plant, and also enter the
plumbing business, to the detriment of the workers ln these
trades. He voiced his objection to
child labor In competition with
adult labor.
Delegate Dunn of the carpenters atated that he did not think
the workers should give anything
away as a sop to get the free text
books, A motion to table the matter until the executive had met the
School Board waa adopted.
A communication from the unemployed conferenco committee
asking the support of ail labor organizations, and the election of
delegates to attend the next meeting of that body on the 28th, wns
received, and Delegates; Hardy and
Nixon elected to attend.
The Chiropractor's Case
Dr. Elmo Marshall, one of the
local chiropractors who has boen
sentenced to thirty days' Imprisonment for a violation of the Medical
Act, addressed the council on the
position of the drugless healers.
He stated that the chiropractors
would not submit to any examination by modical practitioners, who
drew up the subjects for examination and then passed on the applicants for permlsrion to practice.
He asked the council to support a
bill which would be Introduced at
the next session of the Provincial
House, which would provide for a
proper board of examiners of chiropractors. In the course of his
argument, he stated that if Christ
himself came to Vancouver and
practised healing, he could be arrested, and gaoled under the present act. In answering questions,
he stated that all lines collected
from the chiropractors went to the
medical association, while the city
paid for the prosecution, including
the hiring of stool pigeons to secure evidence.
It was moved that the matter be
referred to the executive to draft
a resolution to be presented at a
later date.   This was carried.
Make Protest
Another resolution, dealing with
tho persecution of tho chiropractors, was then presented. The resolution read: "That this council
protests against the continued
persecution of the chiropractors
and thet stool pigeon methods employed to secure convictions." This
resolution was adopted. Letters of
prou-st are to be    sent    to    the
Astoria Shoes
for Men
We have just received a new Fall shipment of
this well known make of footwear., They are
the favorite shoes for men who demand, style
plus service and comfort Made in rich dark
mahogany shade, in tan Russian calf, black calf,
and black kid; suitable for either Business or
Dress wear; in all sizes, and widths A to EE,
and attractively priced at—
$9 to $10.50
—In our Specialty Boot Shop.  Direct entrance on Granville St
Hudson's Bay Company
Attorney-General and the city police commissioners.
' The label committee reported
that all arrangements had been
made for the first dance of the
season In the Cotillion HaU on the
26th, and urged all delegates and
trades unionists to attend.
Subscribe to Federationist
Tho ways and means committee
for the support of the Federatlonist
roported progress. It was also reported that the Milk Salesmen and
the Bakey Drivers had subscribed
In a body and that other organizations were considering taking the
same step. An appeal was made
to all local unions to support the
Racing In the city also came in
for some consideration by the
council, Secretary Bengough pointing out that the Provincial Government received a rake-off of
about a quarter of a million dol-
lars which came out of the pock
ets of the worker* The nutter
wu referred to the local unions for
report at the next meeting of the
council. .'     5
An appeal for the striking railroad shopmen of the U. s. A. by the
A. F. of L. was read asking; all
unions to support the strikers financially, and was referred to the local unions. A communication from
the paper makers organisation calling for th* uae of union-made
paper in all workers' publications
and stationery, was also
to the local -aniens fer action.
Sedalfa, Mo.—Falling to get response to Its appeal to Its striking
shopmen to return to work, the local shops of the Missouri Paciilc
Railroad are struggling to resume
operation with scaba The whistle
blew this week for the first Ume
since July \. Company officials
claim a working force of 22S. The
normal force Is 1360. No striking
shopmen _____* returned to work.
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
1*90 M-HINK DIUVE EAST Phone Fhuwr 117 ■_>
"Holy" War
Editor B. C. Foderationist—Sir:
As I consider now, beforo we are
Involved in a war, Is the time to express my viows, I wish to record
my protest against Canadian participation ln the so-callod "Holy"
but really "Oily" war, now contemplated. Onco Canada Is at war, as
we know from recent experience,
the chances of raising any objections would be much curtailed, both
ofllc.ally and unofficially, and it
would also bo vory difficult Indeed
for Canada to withdraw.
Why should Canada expend the
lives of her sons nnd money on a
foreign .soil, to protect and Increase
thc profits of financiers interested
in tho exploitation of the oil territories in tho Near East?
It is said Ottawa wonders lf antiwar feeling will be displayed. I do
not know if lt will be displayed,
hut I do know it is widely prevalent.
Now is lho time for tho common
people, the peoplo who would foot
lho bill in men, money and misery,
lo show what they think of this
war. Let protcsta be registered In
letters to parliament, mass mootings, letters to the press, and so
ovcrcomo to a certnin extent the
advantages lhe militarists tnd Junkers among us may have In Influencing lho decision of the government
or in stampeding us into war. I
notice wo have experienced hore
thc lirst outbreak of thc militaristic spirit, and ln a church on a
Sunday evening at that. And then
some people wtll ask, what Is wrong
with tho church 1
I do not enquire what Canada
Holders of Five Year
51 per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holder*
of these bonds who desire to continue their
investment in Dominion of Canada securities the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for new
bonds bearing 5J per cent interest, payable half yearly,
of either of the following classes:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1932, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonis, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1932.
While the maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
Thia offer it made to holders of the maturing bonda
ar,4 h not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to the
new issue.
Dated at Ottawa, 8th August, 1921.
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive in exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bonds of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holders of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
The surrendered bonds will be forwarded by banks
to the Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bonds of the new iseue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration ofthe loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 19J3. Bonds
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt of the surrendered
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will be paid off in cash on
the 1st December, 1922.
Minister of Finance.
BiftDi/l H____i3J__i3_____D —s—1__\ E_—u—_ [--"Si n_-]=-i isac *********A*aaam
FRIDAT , :September __, 1-3
three bully'buys'
New Canadian Tweeds
CANADIAN-MADE tweeds direet from mills,.
tailored into new-style suits for men and
young men. New basket weaves, greys, greens
and browns. Substantially made, serviceable
and smart.   The dj> **|  R*
new price —...  Cp X <0
Mail Orders— '
Send aise and color and Indicate style desired. All orders mailed (roe—anl guaranteed to flt the purchaser.
Genuine Irish Serge
GENUINE Irish Navy Blue Serge Suits, cut
in newest styles as well as in standard one
and two-button models. Guaranteed fast color.
Well tailored and finished.; Dur- dJQ/\
able linings; a splendid buy..: {paV.
Tweeds and Worsteds
PURE-WOOL Imported Tweed and Worsted
Suits. Newest styles for men and young
men. All tho new fabrics, colorings and pat-
ternings; made up from fabrics imported
straight from the mills. ^Q(J
Guaranteed <tp4____0
"Yourmoneys worth or your monosy back9
They   WiU   Not Accept
Terms of Proposed
By Laurence Todd     .1
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Washington.—Terms of proposed
settlement of the    great   railroad
The New Fight in '3
.     Constantinople
(Note by Editor-WIth interestftian  or  Jewish   Parisian   banking
aroused In the situation in the East
and war talk the topic of the day,
the following article, written late in
July or early in AuguBt, will be of
extreme Interest to the readers of
The Federationist and students of
international politics, as it throws a
great light on the real reasons for
the Torko-Qrecian struggle.)
[By Arthur Rosenberg, Berlin]
T OVERS of historical romance
■" will rejoice at the thought that
the Greeks have set out once more
to wrest Constantinople from the
Turk, after the rule of the Crescent
in  Stamboul from   1463  onwards.  Sultttn   to   devote   himself  to   his
The new Greek operations In
Smyrna and before Constantinople
mean that British capital la trying
to get out of an unbearable situation created by the foreign policy
of Lloyd George and Lord Curzon.
It is becoming daily more evident
that Great Britain ln the EaBt has
backed the wrong horse. London
underestimated the vitality of Turkey and believed that wtlh the aid
of Greek business men, bankers and
ship ovners they would fall into
the old Sultan's inheritance. In the
winter of 1918, England occupied
Constantinople,   allowing  thi*  old
Romance  Is  strengthened   by  the amusements as a puppet monarch.
fact that the Greek King Constantino bears the old imperial name
of the Byzantine Empire, and would
thus seem destined to call lt once
more into being. But in our times,
modern capitals are no places for
the Romantic. They are more
adapted to hand grenades and
speculation. When today Greece
advances on Constantinople, tt Is no
flght between Cross and crescent,
neither is It Europe against Asia,
but it arises from the intrigues of
the great capitalist powers and the
chicanery of the foreign offices of
London, Rome and Paris, which In
turn take their Instructions from
the council chambers of the big
banks. The modern Leonldas Is ln
the service of a London petroleum
trust, and the modern Soliman conquers tn the name of a good Chrls-
They alBo allowed the Turkish gov
ernment to remain ln Constantinople, but the grand vizier and the
other ministers are more impotent
than the famous Egyptian government ln Cairo. Britain ls the master of Constantinople. The British
fleet commands the seas and British generals rule Constantinople. A
few French regiments have been
allowed to enter the city to'show
that the control of the town is under the Entente. But the fact remains that for 2% yenrH British
capital has ruled Constantinople.
In Thracla, the lost European
Turkish province west of Constantinople, England's Greek friends
made themselves at home nnd
Greece undertook the conquest of
Turkish Asia Minor from the west
coast  onwards,    But the  Turkish
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
population did not surrender with*
out a flght to the appetite of Anglo-
Greek capital. Without troubling
about the new puppet government
In Constantinople, Kemal Pasha
formed the new nationalist govern
ment In Angora and organized the
resistance of Asia Minor.
The collapse of Constantlne's offensive on' Angora and the retreat
of the Greek army from Smyrna
before the Turks Is still fresh in
our memories, and above all, the
elegant right about face of French
capital to an understanding with
the Angora government.
The situation ln the early part of
this year was such that no one be
lleved in the possibility of a Greek
victory in Asia Minor. But on the
other hand, the strength of the
Turks was not sufficient to drive the
Greeks Into the sea. And the mass
of Greek peasants and workers began to realize that they were being
sacrificed for British capital. The
anti-war feeling In Greece is growing. It will be impossible for the
Greek troops to remain in Asia
Minor forever thus risking the possibility for one day the Greek army
will demobilize of its own accord.
On the other hand, the Turkish
peasant-soldier holds fast to the
idea that he must protect his existence from foreign capitalist exploiters. But the concessions made
by Kernel Pasha to French capital
lsts do not mean the open, brutal
elavery which a victory of the
Greeks nnd English would Impose
upon the Turkish masses.
The French are making clever
use of the Turkish victories. The
difficulties of the English international situation brought about a retreat of the British government in
tho cast. On March 20 of this year
a treaty was signed by the foreign
ministers of England, Frunce and
Italy which In its broadest extent
conformed to the aspirations of the
Turks, Thia document, signed by
Lord Curzon, Poincare and Schan-
zer, recommended a peace between
Greece and Turkey on the following bnsis: The Greeks evacuate Asia
Minor and Constantinople once
more unite with the Turkish State
of Angora. But the Greeks still
hold Adrlanopte and the Gallipoli
Peninsula south of Constantinople.
This heavy sacrifice was made by
Britain on account of the Indian
Mohammedans. The religious solidarity of all Mohammedans with
Turkoy had led to an intensiflcntlon
ot tho Indian difficulties. Through
the re-OHlubllshmont of a strong
Turkey, with Constantinople as the
capital, Britain hoped to smooth
down the opposition in India for a
time. The war-fnmed Gallipoli
Peninsula remained in Greek, that
in, In British hands. Who holds
Gallipoli, holds tho Dardanelles,
nnd who holds the Dardanelles,
commnndn Conslnntipople, Thus,
although foregoing much of Its
power by tho March treaty, Britain
nevertheless maintained its military
position in the Dardanelles.
The decisions of fctnrcl- 20, however wore never realized. Tho Greek
government refused to admit Its defeat by evueuating Asia Minor. Thoy
fear an Inner-political reaction In
Athens, which would sweep the
Jingo capitalist and military cliques.
But France demands that the Ens-
tern situation bo cleared, The
treaty was a strong trump In Mr.
Polncnre's hand; It prevented Mr.
Lloyd George from retracting his
concessions of March 20, Now
comos the London conference, Jn
which the conflicts between France
nnd England should be cancelled,
at least provisionally. The English
government deslros, as It has often
done before, to exchange concessions in the East for concessions in
Germany, But to exchange ono
must possess something.    And the
signing of the March treaty by
Lord Curzon consenting to the return of Smyrna and Constantinople
to Turkey, means that England
stands empty-handed aB far as the
Near East Is concerned. English
capital therefore had to find new
securities for the London conference. And this is being done by
the instrumentality of Greece.
Greece remains absolutely a British colony. Only a short time ago
the English petroleum trust obtained a complete monopoly of oil
rights ln Greece. And now England Is playing a double game.
Publicly they deny any support of
the Greek adventure. Indeed, they
even declare that they will take up
arms to oppose the Greek advance
on Constantinople, but ln reality
Greece Is playing England's game.
The first step was for the Greeks to
proclaim the independence of Ionia.
That territory is still occupied by
the Greeks In West Asia Minor with.
Smyrna as capital. The old game
of Fiume and Vilna is .being re-
enacted. Formally, (Greece ts not
responsible for independent Ionia.
In Athens, the Greek government
VlU shrug Its shoulders and point
out that apparently,! the workers,
peasants.and soldiers-of Ionia are
against Turkish ruloi - A new factor is thus introduced into the Orient question. The treaty of March
26, as far as Smyrna; goes, ls Invalidated. England can now demand
a French equivalent for having contributed to the Ionian solution.
The occupation of Constantinople by Greek troops would not effect
the position of British .capital tn
thiB city but would mean that Kemal Pasha does not receive the city.
And this would introduce another
new factor. But Kemal Pasha
threatens that he will advance from
Asia Minor if the Greeks threaten
tho town. It is doubtful whether
In case of a serious advance oh the
city, the English troops would actually flre on their Greek friends.
Besides, the French are too weak
numerically to offer any resistance
for the present. From? a purely
nilltary standpoint a Greek attempt
on Constantinople is not without
prospects. But in such an event,
France would raise such.an outcry
against England that Mr. Lloyd
George would not dare support
such nn adventure. But diplomatically, Britain contents herself; with
the fact that the Groek army is
threatening Constantinople. England can show its good will by. protecting Constantinople, and sending
the Greeks back home. - And at the
same time,' Lloyd Geok-fce can be
paid for his good will.
Greece ls thus a helpless instrument of English capital in its quarrel with French capital.
The nationalities of the Near
East are pawns in the chess game
played by the great powers. But
Constantinople is not only a question for France and England, but
ope of vital importance for Soviet
Russia as to who rules Constantinople and the BosphoruB.
An agreement In London which
disregards the interests -of Soviet
Russia will not be recognized by
her, so that the end of the refined
chess party in which Lloyd George
is playing with Poincare will be
Love's Labor Lost.
shop strike may leave the Pennsylvania and a few of Its "die-hard'1
allies to struggle alone ln the
quicksands of Industrial competition with the deadly weight of the
strike shackled to them.
In Atlantic City, about Sept. 5,:
S. Davles Warfleld, head of the Association of Railway Securities,
had secured the signatures of many
of the 152 members of the Association of Railway Executives to a
proposed basis of settlement. This
proposal, approved by 90 general
chairmen of the shop strike, waB
in substance as follows:
1—Return to work of all shopmen on all roads signing up.
2—Strikebreakers and men who
failed to etrlke to remain at work
unless they voluntarily resign.
Work enough for all hands is assured, due to present condition of
rolling stock. '
3—Joint boards of adjustment to
take up minor grievances, with the
understanding that special appeal
shall not be taken to the railroad
labor board exoept in extreme
4—Wages to remain as before
July 1, until settlement ls reached
by direct negotiation as to an Increase ln pay of perhaps 7 per
It was Warfleld's argument that
the Insurance companies and savings banks holding railroad securities could not tolerate a further
depreciation in their rail collateral,
and that In view of the steady upward trend ln wages throughout
the oountry it would be suicidal for
the executives to continue to follow the lead of Cuyler, Loree and
He proposed that as soon as the
shopmen's general chairmen should
agree to a settlement with a majority of the roads, he should head
a petition to Cuyler for an Immediate meeting of the Association of
Railway Executives, and ln that
meeting those who signed at Atlantic City should reverse the
policy voted recently In New York,
and declare for a settlement with
the shopmen. An offer to the
shopmen on the lines above suggested would then be made.
It was recognized by the negotiators on both sides that this settlement would leave the Pennsylvania; the Lackawanna and a.few
other roads still defiant. These
outlaw roads would draw strikebreakers, for a time, from the
Baltimore ft Ohio, the Erie, the
New York Central and other lines
that made peace with the shopmen.
But strike conditions would continue tn the shops of the Pennsylvania. Her rolling stock could not
be maintained in anything like a
normal degree of efficiency, while
competing systems would soon be
able to handle a normal amount of
traffic at normal schedules. A few
months would leave the Pennsylvania in a seriously unfavorable
condition In the race for business.
On this' development the union
chiefs and Warfleld, as guardian
of the investments of Insurance
companies and savings banks, is
counting to make even the Pennsylvania finally "see the light."
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
*" SEY. S492
OM.      week or 8BPT. as
>_d unclttl pl_7>n,
ta th. «orId-r.DOWD.d
WB rom-ntl- comady
£ "East Is West"
^^   One of the  gretteat  buccbmm
Sthe   stage   hai   ever    known.
Beautiful icenery; elegant coi*
Stun.ii;  a iplentltd  eaat.
B0c-Kon. Kits Bargain NIU-SOc
Usual Wed. and Sat. Matinees
-  '«-'.
>   .      M%i   .
But I Am Guilty of
Succeeding Where
Medical  Men
Have Failed.
Because practically all
cases that come to mo
and get well, have been
given up by' medical
men .or have turned to
me in despair.
Telephone Seymour 20.8 for Appointment
Corner of Davlo and Granvillo Streets
Tuesday, September 26th
Under the Auspices of the Label League of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Whist, 8.15 p.m.     Dancing, 0 to 12
Coffee, Cake and Sandwiches, 10 centa
A plain lady'- or gent's ault will be given aa a prize for holder
of winning' number on admission ticket. Suit to be made by
Perry & Dolk, 18 Hastlnga Street West (union tailora),
Long Wearing Footwear
at Attractive Prices
All .olid leather Men's Shoes for dress.
Brown and black calfskin; three lasts to
choose from; a really good-looking shoe
at an exceptionally low
price of.	
Children's Shoes for real hard wear;
black grain leather uppers, double soles,
solid leather throughout.
Sizes 5 to 71/2, at ?2.25
Sizes 8 to 10y2, at.— 82.65
Sizes 11 to 2, at 83.45
Ladies' Brown Calfskin Oxfords, in
three lasts, with Cuban and military
"heels, Goodyear welted solid leather
counter box toes and insoles. Lines that
sell at $7.50.  Special A r_ fort
for Saturday..     «pO.UU
Boys' oil tan School Boots; all handmade of waterproof leather. Just the
boot for your boy.
Sizes 11 to 13, at $5.00
Si .es 1 to ***., atl ?5.50
Sizes 5 to 5M>,-at ?8.50
PIERRE PARIS, 51 Hastings West
The Press Ignores the War
Service of the
By Maud McCreery
(Federated Press-Correspondent)
Herrin, 111.—Today a citizen of
Herrin talked to me about the
manner In which the press ls propagandise the public against the
miners and citizens of Williamson
County. He scored the playing up
of the fact that a member of the
American Legion was among those
killed In the riot of June 22, while
the same papers Ignored the war
records of two of the three union
miners who were flrst killed by the
company men.
I learned that George Henderson
and Joseph Ptcovich, who were
shot down by high-power rifles on
the highway half a mile from the
company property while they were
going, unarmed, to urge stoppage
of work until the strike was settled, had both served oversea*..
Henderson left here before the
United States went into war and
enlisted with the Canadian forces.
Plcovlch had enlisted from Herrin.
Guy Hudgens, the other miner
murdered the day before the riot,
was the son of old residents In
Marlon and some of his relatives
are responsible business men of
this city.
District Board Member Hugh
Willis, U. M. W. A., a Herrin resident, says:
We are of the opinion that ultimately tho men named In the Indictments will bo able to provo
their Innocence. We ask the public to withhold judgment until
these men are given a trial as ls
prescribed by the constitution and
the law of the land.
"We are willing to advise any of
those named In the Indictments, as
See Brace's $25 Suits
and Overcoats
They're Unexcelled at the Price
SSflSf 2 for $1.00
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
soon as the authorities advise ut
as to who they are, to surrender
themselves, thereby eliminating the
necessity of extra arrests.
"I am on the ground, as well as
the entire legal staff which has
been retained by the organisation
In defense of the accused, and we
are going to furnish every legal
means of protection to any of our
members who may be arrested."
Ten Indicted men ere free on
bond. These men are charged
with conspiracy and rioting, not
with murder. None of the 22 In
the Marion Jail on murder charges
have been able to have ball fixed,
but Judge Hartwell ls conducting
hearings. Altogether 68 have been
indicted thus far.
No officer or employee of the
Southern Illinois Coal Company responsible, according to the coroners' jury, for the murder of the
three union miners, and therefore
responsible for the subsequent riot
and battle, has been Indicted.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rate. Reasonable
ooHMWoma mohdat. upt. ib
WILL    H.    OBEIBT    I
B_l_t O.-BBVA-T I TLUtT-autlUe
JHl-M, ate-n Kits., ltc-tOc
Twlc. D«i&. 9:90 ud 1:10
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractor-, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to dp.
Today—Help—-At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Vp the
World's Fint
Workers' Bepublio
Accept my contribution of » _..;■ to help build up
Soviet Russia of tlie Workera und Fcaunte.
Addreu ,
Slate .


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