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British Columbia Federationist May 22, 1925

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THB FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.- POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.   No. 21      FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 22,1925
5c A COPY
Says City Hall Has Patronage
System—Union Buttons
For Workers.
EIGHT-HOUR LAW BROKEN
Metal Trades Becoming Organized—Tag Day Netted More
Than $1300.
pltKSlDIONT    H.     H,     NEELANDS
presided over a good attendance
of delegates at Tuesday night's meeting of the Trades and Labor council.
It was reported that men had been
discharged by the city to make way
lor "friends ot the aldermen." Also It
was understool that a number of men
were still being employed by the city
in sewer construction work at $2 a
day, the relief scale of wages. Delegates Neelands, Bengough and Scrib
bens will comprise a delegation to
wait on the city alderman In regards
to the mattor.
A communication from the Asiatic
Exclusion League asking support of
tlie council was received, and the sec^
retary instructed to reply.
The Electrical Worker's union suggested that a button of standard design be worn by all union laborers,
This proposal was favored by delegates but will be referred to the locals for approval and will be again
submitted at the next meeting.
Delegates from the baking trades
reported that all of the larger bakeries in the city were observing th
eight-hour law, but a number of the
smaller shops were working men ovor-
time. On Friday, according to the re
port submitted the men wore forced
to work sixteen hours. The average
wage paid to these men was $20 per
week. ,
Organizers of the bakery salesmen
also stated that the smaller shops
were not co-operating with the counoil in assisting the organization of
bakery salesmen's union.
On motion a committee was appointed to meet tho vnrious employers, and the secretary will also write
the minister of labor at Victoria asking If certain firms were legally exempt.
The amplication of the newly-formed
Shingle-Weavers' union for membership In the coucil was granted.
The organization committee is proceeding with its work and the metal
trades are becoming organized. Meeting aro being held for the varioim
branches of the trade on Monday,
Tuesday and Friday in the Holden
Building, Mr. H. C. McCutchan of
Winnipeg, delegate from the International Union of Boilermakers, spoke
briefly on the progress of his work In
connection with the local branch.
The tag day committee reported
that more than $1300 was raised by
"taggers" for the suffering families
of Nova Scotia miners. In order that
the stricken families might receive
of the money the meeting voted to pay
tho expenses in connection with the
day.
Calls For Just As Serious Personal Attention As Cultivation of Farm.
[From Western Producer]
Co-operative marketing is the farmers' own business. Nobody else ls
over going to do it for him. Indeed
there are those who will take serious
objection to his doing it for himself
and will do their utmost to place obstacles in his way. We would urge
evory reader of these lines to take
counsel with himself, or herself and
learn the lesson onco and for all that
the soiling of farm products calls for
just as serious personal attention as
the cultivation of the farm. For lf
tho farmer does not take the selling
of his product into his own hands tho
whole work and expense of his farming may easily be a sheer loss. Let
every reader further remember that
he cannot expect anybody but himself and his brother farmers to bothe
their heads about his marketing problems. Therefore If you are out to sell
your products at a profit, get to work.
When the more active farmers and
the officers of your associations take
steps to launch a pool don't adopt the
viewpoint of the onlooker. These
pools are being started so that you
instead of getting nothing a day may
get $5 a day for your work. It is
your business in the most literal'sense.
Must Oet Rid of Human Parasites to Improve Affairs in
Canada.
MANY DO NOTHING USEFUL
Ontario's Electric Railway and
Power Systems Amount to
$242,000,000.
IN OPERATION 16 YEARS
Prairie Farmers Never So Keen
To Take Hold of Tbeir
Own Affairs.
[From Western Producer]
Farmers on tho prairies were never
before quite so keen to take hold of
their own affairs, themselves, and
settle them In their own way as thoy
aro at the present moment. The opinion is gaining lrt strength every
day that in co-oporation, in banding
together to do business In a body,
will be found the key which will open tho portals of an era that will
place tho agricultural Industry on a
basis which will give the average far
mor on the average farm a reasonable, chance of satisfactory returni
from tho farming business. That fact
Is worthy of a Uttle consideration.
The main object of pool selling Is to
securo good prices for the things thai
our farmB produce. By that moans
will the ever-preflent spectre of want
and penury which, even on
thc most optimistic estimate continually haunts a large number of our farm homes, be effectively
put to rout. By that means will we
build up conditions which will result
In happy and contented hoes on the
prairie and which will make agrlcul
ture an undertaking that, instead of
ropelllng and driving younger generations to the cities, will attract them
•and afford them an equally remunerative and more pleasing life-work
than tho cities can offer. Meditate
•for a moment on these results and
what they imply. It Is not our contention that such a transformation can
'be wrought over-night. It cannot
But lt can and will bo done by the
fullest development of co-operative
marketing and by the other things
the fanners will do whon they fully
learn tho art of transacting all their
■ own business thomsolves.
Four membors of tho Belgian Rallwaymen's union, all of tliem men who
-were dlsmissod for taking part ln the
1923 strike, wero elected to Parlla*
, ment in tho recent elections ln Bel
glum.
"Ho  That  Would  Not  Work,
Neither Shall He Eat"—
What of "Deadheads"?
[By Socialist]
CUHELY we socialists have a com-
^ mon objective which may be easily defined. We often differ as to the
means to be used to attain our object,
but we are in fair agreement as to
the sort of society that we seek to
bring  about.
Our common objective, I take It, Is
to get rid of human parasites, to bring
about a condition of affairs in Canada, where each boy or girl growing
up In the country, or any immigrant
entering it, will know that he or
she will have to do some really useful work to pay for the goods and
services that he or she is bound to
consume.
All Consumers
There is not the least doubt that
we aro all consumers and deeply indebted from day to day to our fellow
citizens; but a great many of us are
doing nothing useful in return, even
although we always pay hard cash
for everything we buy.
We get the money we use in many
ways. Some rob banks or "hold up"
their fellow citizens, some take to
bootlegging, some peddle real estate
or drugs, some are financial magnates
or magnets, whilst others shovel muck
or hoe potatoes. However the money
has bcen attained it at once becomes
respectable, and, if there is only en
ough of it, it may even become capital and its owner a capitalist (something of the nature of a multiplying
onion I may explain to simple farmer
folk).
This thon Is ono of the Ideas that
we must procoed to get rid of, that
having money Is a title to a dinner
Your only real title to a dinner Is
lhat you have done something useful
to enrn It.
St. Paul understood the matter well
and his very radical doctrine has not
boen Improved upon by any modern
socialist. "He that would nol work
neither shall he eat."
Tf the possession of monoy is no
suro guide as to who is entitled to
ent a meal, or sleep in a bed, or ride
in n train, we must set to work to find
out some better test.
Thc Only Test
The only possible test that we human beings can apply ls the very
simple and obvious one of keeping
an nccount with each individual. The
politicians are fond of assuring us
Just before election that they are
business men and most nnxious to
conduct the affairs of the nntion In
a "businesslike manner". Let us
bring them to the test and put it up
to them by asking ench one how he
proposes to get rid of our deadheads.
This Is the flrst nnd most Important
question; do not let it bo sidetracked.
It ls practical politics. It must bo
placed before all other questions, even
the great question of reorganizing tho
country is secondnry to this, and not
to attend to it first ls like a farmer
trying to grow cabbage In n field Infested with cut worms nnd gophors.
Wo shall hoar nil sorts of plausible
gentlomen before long anxious to give
the farmers "cheap money," to cut
down freight rates, to raise the tariff,
or lower the tariff. Bring these highly gaseous balloons -down to solid
earth by insisting that thoy answer
this fundamental question.
How do you Intend to get rid of
our "deadheads"?
Liabilities Not Increased in Same
Proportion as Assets—Bills
Reduced.
rpHE scale of the Ontario Hydro-
Electric Power commlslon's operations may be guaged to some extent
from an outline of its financial position. Total Investments In power undertakings and electric railways
amount to $179,000,000, while investment in distributing systems and kindred assets amount to $63,000,000,
making a grand total of $242,000,000.
This, it should be stated, ls the position at the end of sixteen years* operation. Year by year the general
revenue has increased to a remarkable
degree. Annual surpluses, after providing for all possible cost of operation, including an adequate depreciation charge, have increased until in
1923 the combined surpluses amounted to $1,094,000; an Increase of more
than 35 per cent, over the best previous year. The total plant value has
Increased from $10,000,oV) ln 1913 to
$48,400,000 in 1923, and total assets
from $12,000,000 to $63,000,000. Liabilities have not increased in the same
proportion as assets during this period, the increase being from $10,-
500,000 to $39,000,000. This is accounted for by the fact that much
of the cost of increasing plant value
has been financed out of "surplus" or
"reserve" accounts without increasing
the liabilities of the various systems.
In 1923 the revenue collected from
consumers exceeded the full cost of
generating and transmitting power
and providing for all operating ex-
penese and fixed charges of municipal utility plants by $346,000. This
amount was returned to the munlci
pallties and applied in the reduction
1 their power bills for the year.
The satisfactory financial condition
of the Commission's activities ls also
reflected by an automatic reduction in
the debenture debt, due to the annual
principal or sinking fund payments
being provided out of revenue. Some
54 municipalities may be considered
as being already out of debt, the total
assets exceeding in value the total
liabilities, including the debenture
balance.
IMPORTANT
ANNOUNCEMENT
IT IS expected that The
Federationist will have
an important announcement
to make to its readers next
week. It is an announcement, we feel sure, that will
be of great importance to
the Farmer - Labor movement throughout this province.
Involving   4306   Acres   Mineral
Lands in Park City District,
Utah.
COMPETITION FROWNED AT
Consolidation Undertaken to Insure More Economical
Operation.
CALT LAKE CITY—One of the largest mergers in the history of
western mining, involving 4306 acres
of mineral lands, in the heart of tho
famous Park City district, the producer of over $225,000,000 in gold,
silver and lead, is announced here.
Though we have always been taught
during the years that have past that
competition was the life of trade, it
would now ■ appear that even some
of the -most itrdent advocates of this
principle are seeing the error of their
way. They believe in co-operation
among themselves, but they do not
believe that labor shoUM co-operate.
The consolidation is undertaken to
insure more economical operation,
improved marketing facilities, eliminate some of the vexatious tax burdens and utilize favorable contracts
held soverally by the companies interested.
It is to be hoped that the idea
will spread still further and that even
labor will  follow in their footsteps.
Miss 'Anna Strong Raises Considerable Money for Russian
Ohildren.
CONTRIBUTIONS OFFERED
Real Thrill
"There's no thrill in an armament
race." Rats. Observes the ecstatic
faces of the contractors.—Vancouver
Sun.
Tax on Cheques
The amount collected In the fiscal
year last closed by the Canadian government under the tax requiring
stamps to be affixed to cheques was
$9,321,800.82.
Force   Is   not  argument.     It   only
aggravates the situation.—Disraeli.
Miss Ada Flomenbaum of Berkeley Leaves for Russia
Next July.
■T^HE many admirers of Anna Louise
Strong, for her work among the
Puisslan children, will be pleased to
learn that she has raised about $3000
In cash and some $2000 1|P pledges
for the John Reed children's colony
and others like it In Russia. (All
this ln addition to her regular lecture fees. This latter enabled her
to pay for her trip from Moscow
and return, and thus enabled her
to do her money-raising at her own
expense.)
Besides this, she has had all kinds
of contributions offered in service.
These are exceedingly valuable, but
a little money is needed to make
them available. Ada Flomenbaum
of Berkeley, who speaks Russian
even better than English, a graduate pharmacist, thoroughly trained
in all varieties of tailoring, cutting
and sewing, is going over to Russia
in July. She ls paying her own way
and is offering to work at the regular Russian wage of $15 per month.
She has also studied playground
work. Miss Strong Is anxious to
get something like $1000 for establishing playgrounds along the Volga.
Mrs. Sutta of New York is giving a
playground library. Several others
have offered their services, and, if
material can be made available for
them to work with when they go,
much good will be done. It is the
raising of the necessary funds to enable the material to be provided that
hampers progress \\i this connection.
Miss Strong Is anxious to accomplish something really worth while
for the Russian comrades. All who
are willing to assist by contributing
Bhould send such contributions to
Miss Strong's father, Dr. Sydney
Strong, 508 Garfield street, Seattle,
Wash.
or
Fundamentals Upon Which Saskatchewan Grain Pools Are
Being Organized.
Following are tho fundamental
principles upon which the Saskatchewan grain pools are being organized:
1. Organization by commodity.
2. Nobody but bona-fide growers as
members.
3. One man, one vote. The Association ls controlled by the directors
who are elected and controlled by
the delegates who are In turn controlled and elected by the individual
members.
4. The system of election Is more
effective than the recall. Directors
and delegates can only be elected for
one year at a time. The recall is also
provided  for.
5. A legal binding contract effective,
originally for five years.
6. Products are polled by type and
grade. Each member gets the same
price for the same kind and grade
of grain.
B. C.'s Mite
The revenue contributed to the do
minion government by the nine pro
vinces for year ending March 31, 1925,
amounted to $305,945,251.35, to which
gigantic sum British Columbia contri
buted $23,308,440.42.
ir
Organized  B.  C.   Fruit-Growers
About to Inaugurate Sales
The Canadian Council of Agriculture, in co-operation with organized
fruit growers, Is about to inaugurate
a campaign throughout the dominion
having for it slogan "eat more fruit."
The campaign will not be financed
by subscriptions but the cost will
largoly be borne by the growers and
the trade on thc basis of a small
fixed deduction per package of fruit
handled. Wholesale dealers have
also promised to assist the campaign
b.v contributing on an equal basis.
Concert and Dnncc
A concert and dance will be held
in the G. W. V. A. hall, Kingsway
and Joyce road, on Friday evening,
May 29th, in aid of the Nova Scotia
miners relief fund. The committee
ln charge of same was formed at the
instigation of the G. W*. V. A. and
the Collingwood branch of the Federated Labor Party. An Invitation is extended to all friends and sympathizers ln the cnuse.
British Conl
The average price of the British
coal exported during 1924 was $4.65
per ton of 2,240 pounds, free on board.
Liberty, I am told is a divine thing.
Liberty when it becomes tbe "liberty
to die by starvation." is not so divine.
—Carlyle.
Workers! Support Your Own Press!
jgy 0 FREQUENTLY we hear workers complaining about the injustice of
" the "daily" or "capitalist" press, and about how unfair it is toward the
cause of labor—and yet they continue to give their hard-earned money to
perpetuate that institution.
YOUR  OWN   OPPRESSORS
The capitalist press today is thriving on the one and five-cent pieces of
thoughtless—or ignorant—workers, while their own press has to struggle
against long odds in its efforts to serve tham. Why be your own oppressors?
Why serve in the ranks of the enemy?
THE   REMEDY   IS   SIMPLE
If you are desirous of improving your own condition, and that of your fellowmen, then support the press that is honestly endeavoring to fight your
battle for you. That is the very least you can do for your own cause.
BE   A   "REAL"   BOOSTER   FOR   LABOR
Show your own sincerity of purpose and willingness to serve by subscribing for The Federationist—the workers' friend. Pass your copy on to
some fellow-worker after you have read it.  Urge him to subscribe.
Help The Federationist in its fight for the emancipation of mankind.
The greater our circulation, the more effectual will our efforts be. Apathy
and indifference on the part of the workers is more to be feared than the antagonism of the forces of reaction.
Be true to your cause!  Help boost your own press.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the Federated Labor Party
Cant  is properly a double-distilled
lie, the second power of a He.—Carlyle.
This Debasing Traffic More or
Less Forced Upon the
Indian People.
AMERICAN DELEGATION
By Representatives As Between
English and Russian Trades
Unions.
OPINION AGAINST SOVIETS
Defeated at Geneva by Obstinacy
of British Officialdom in
India.
COMB time ago the whole civilized
world was more or '.&ss startled
by the utterances of some of the representatives at Geneva, regarding the
matter of opium in India. We were
lead to believe that in India they
used opium like we use tea and coffee here; that they, as a nation, were
more or less opposed to any interference with the growing of opium
there. Anyone who will take the
trouble to read the references ln the
publication, entitled "Young India,"
edited by Mahatma Gandhi, will realise that a very annoying slur hns been
cast upon the good name of the Indian people.
The facts are these: The American
govornment at Geneva proposed that
the cultivation of opium be restricted
to the medical requirements of mankind. The All-India National congress, the Nntional Liberal federation,
the National Christian council, the
All-India Social conference, hnvo nil
passed resolutions accepting the American proposals. Mr, Campbell re
jects these with scorn at Geneva. Sir
Basil Blackett openly flouts them ln
tbe assembly. The government of In
dla insists on Its own policy being
carried through. All this is don
flagrantly, shamelessly, in face of the
Indian public opinion—Just as in th*
certification of the salt lax and the
refusal to reduce the military budget
In Assiim, tbe legislative council pass
ed a resolution for the restriction of
opium, but tbe government put It to
sont to prison by hundreds for
tempting to curry out opium reforms.
one side. Temperance reformers were
Yot the government Itself repeatedly
declares, that 11, and it, alone, represents the  will  of  tbe people, nnd
Passages   in   Manifesto   Advertises Sad Condition of European Workers.
tJ-HE most Important international
news to labor is the signing of an
agreement between the English and
Russian trade unions. Opinion in
England, as everywhere elso, is still
hostile to the Soviets mainly because
lt is hostile to a new idea, because it
ls Ignorant of the Russian mentality,
In fact. Once put people in direct
toudi with Russia and what Russia
is doing, and, without expecting any
outlandishness in the way of genuflections, you will get Bympathy for the
Russians and an understanding of the
things which they are setting themselves to do.
Workers Agree
And now Russian working-class representatives have met our own trade
union leaders across the table and
arrived at a mutual basis of future
international industrial action. Joint
efforts, as provided in the procedure
laid down by the two parties, are to
beb made to induce the Second (Amsterdam) International to agree, in
all good will, to a free, unconditional,
and immediate conference with representatives of the Russian trade union
movement. Not much, perhaps, but o.
beginning. The agreement manifesto
contains some striking passages whicli
help to, advertise the sad condition
of the European worker since the war.
"Millions of men and women are unemployed. Wages, never sufficient to
maintain a decent standard of living
have been reduced by 20 per cent., 30
per cent., and In some cases, 40 per
cent.
Bosses Repudiate War Promises
The standard of life in most European countries is now well below prewar level. . , The pledges of politicians and the promises of capitalists
have heen cynically repudiated. Already it would appear that a new war
more terrible than any known hitherto, is being prepared. New weapons
of destruction are being devised; the
chemists and scientific thinkers of the
world are devoting their skill to inventing further deviltries of war. And
there is but one power that can save
the world from tumbling to irreparable disaster—the power of tho workers, Internationally organized for
poace and full economic security."
Wise words. WordB which, whether
you like bolshevism or whether you
don't, will be proved within the next
fifty years,
Srfskaktoliewnn General I lotions
The provincial general elections of
Saskatchewan will be held on Tuesday, June 2nd. Nominations will be
mado on Tuesday, May 28th.
Hint Mnhnlm
• Gandhi and llublndrn-
until Tagore
uid olher social lenderfl
and workora
In mil I'liiint.
Til. run
time,  aince  Novombei
17. 1*98*1, lhe*
American delegation haB
lit*i*n ilofeulo
I ui iiuiHvi by ihi* oii-
Bttnaoy ol' n
Itlsh officialdom In  in*
dla.   Lord 1!
horl Cecil has lioon won
over lo lhe official view, and refuses
lo listen to thr voice of the Indian
people. Doubtless, in thc years thai
are to come, there will he recorded in
lilslory, a declaration regarding the
pari that the British government bus
played in connection with more or less
forcing this debasing traffic upon tbe
Indian people, much agalnsl theh1 will
The lesson that was gained in China
apparently Is nut enough. The cnpl
tiillst interest must have their profits
no matter If human life and comfort
iiihI h.'ippiness must he sacrificed for
them to gain their objective. There
Is nothing new about Ibis Indifference
on (heir part, we can see it at home
as woll ns abroad, The attitude towards the lives of ihe miners and
their wives nnd children down in
rape Breton is on tbe same order.
ALBERTA GETS IH SHAPE
Parmer's Wheat Pool to Support
Dairy, Poultry and Livestock
Fools.
The Alborta Wheal Pool has promised its support, together with an
offer of assistance of one of Its officials, to the joint committee of the
dairy, livestock nnd poultry pools ol
lhal provinco, according to a recent
annpunoemont.
The Joint organization committoe of
tbe pools will ask for Ihe support of
the hoards of trade nnd the various
service clubs of lhe cities and towns,
and the agricultural societies, in the
drive to secure membership for the
Alberta dairy, .livestock and poultry
pools. The prairie provinces ovfnce
keen Interest In tbis new co-oporatlve
scheme.
•Oovernment will Not Holp Capo
1 tret on  Miners
Mr. .1. S, Woodsworth: (Q> Mr.
Speaker, In view of the reports that
the sitiititlon In Cape Breton Is becoming more acute, Is it possible thnt
thi> govornment will re-consider its
position and interfere on behalf of
the people thore? t Premier W. L.
Mackenzie King: (A), , . The government's position remnlns just what It
bus been from the start.
1
All Being Consumed
ntlrety   agree   that   we
consumers in this wt
tula -..(• nr«' not onl:
under tiie present  p
eminent we are all hei?
Hon. Arthur Metghan.
arc  all
rid. and In Can-
consumers, but
|!cy of the gov-
itm consumed.—
I,uck is ever wniting for Something
to turn up. Labor, with keen
eyes nnd strong will, will turn up
something. Luck relics on chance,
Lnbor on character.—Cobden,
Police May Unite
a Montreal news despatch states
that Justice Coderre has set aside tm
order by the city chief executive disbanding lhe policemen's union, ln
declaring this order illegal, the court
said that the dispute between the city
and the police could have boen Hot-
tied by provincinl law, made for this
purpose. The dispute dates hack to
September, 192!;, when municipal employees attempted to organize to Improve conditions. Thoy hnve been opposed by lhe common council and the
city executive.
The romedy for the evils of liberty
is more liberty.—MucCaiilay.
Liberty before property;  the man
before  tbe dollar.—Lincoln. Page Two
SEVENTEENTH YEA It.
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST___vw_y_^____a_
FRIDAY... May 22,  1925
Poblished every Friday by
The   British   Columbia  Federatloniat
BusinesB and Editorial Office,  1120 Howe St.
The policy of The B. C. FcdcrationiEt Is
controlled by tho editorial lioard of the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Kate: United States and For*
.'inn, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 16c por member
per month.
The  Fedorationist  is on  sale at  tho following news stands:
VANOODVEB
E. J. OALLOWAY 040 OranvUle Street
WILSON'S NEWS STAND	
 1071  Oranvillo  Street
P. 0. NEWS STAND 325 OranvtlU Street
JOHN OEEEN 206 OarraU Street
INTEBNATIONAL BOOK STOBE	
 Oor. Hastings aud Columbia Avenne
B.O.E.B. TBAM NEWS	
 Oor. Carrall and Hastings Streets
LOVE'S NEWS STAND	
 134 Hastings Street East
WALTEB OALLOWAY 	
 136 HaBtings Street East
FLACK BLOOK NEWS  STAND	
 163 Hastings Street West
•TEWS   STAND
 Oor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ABMSTBONO 2402 Main Street
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP....421 OranvUle
BOULT'S BOOK STOKE... 313',. Cambie St.
OEOBOIA CONPECTIONEBY	
 OOD Oeorgia Street West
STBAND CONPECTIONEBY 	
 548 Oeorgia Street
FBOCHNATJ tt OATES....160 Broadway East
P. TUBNEB 016 Main Street
B. A. WEBSTER 5903 Fraser Street
NOBTH   VANCOUVEB
SHOEMAKER 6 Mc___AN....5 Lonsdale Ave.
NEW WESTMINSTEB
A. MUNOEAM 764 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEWS STAND Interurban Depot
•AN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
VIOTOBIA
OBEENHAOOH NEWS AOENOY	
 Oor. Yates and Oovernment
■OBSE SHOE STAND, 1223 Oovernment St.
W. LEVY  644 Yates Street
NANAIMO
I. A. BABNABD 63 Commercial Street
POET ALBEBNI
W. E. DENHAM .News Stand
PBINCE OEOBOE
__ABL ANDEBSON Hews Stud
VERNON
IUOENE BELLEVUE Box 122
ALBERTA
VALLEY CONFEOTIONEBY Drnmheller
ALEXANDER NEWS STAND.
...204 Eighth Ave. W.,
BOSTON HAT WOBKS... 	
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LABOB NEWS
Oalfary
Calgary
.808'oentre'Street, Calgary
NATIONAL NEWS
STAB SMOKE  SHOP.
.304 First Street W*. Oalgary
UNION OIOAB STAND.
126a Eighth Ave. E, Deltas?
POLITICAL HEBETUDE
Workers   Should  Return   More
Members to the House of
Commons.
ACROSS THE POND
NEXT FEDERAL ELECTION
Labor Party Ought To Be Busy
Now Working to That
End.
[Editorial Alberta Labor News]
A DETERMINED effort should be
made by labor throughout Canada to elect additional representatives
to Ottawa in tho forthcoming federal election. Any person who has followed the proceedings of tho present
session of parliament must come to
the conclusion that Messrs. Woods-
worth and Irvine, who aro labor's only official spokesmen in tbe ho use of
commons, have done a worlt for labor,
the value of which can hardly be
estimated.
It will be many yoars before lubor
Will be in a position to form a govornment in the Dominion of Canada. But
it need not be so many years before
the labor representatives at Ottawa
have an oportunlty to wield a tremendous influence in federal affairs.
There Is no reason in the world why
thero should not be twenty labor
members in the next parliament. That
Is, there is no reason except the apathy and indifference of the workers
themselves.
Any member of the lahor movement
who has the Idea that representatives
of the old parties can serve him as
well as a labor representative, should
familiarize himself with the proceeding at Ottawa. The number of members of the house who take an attitude In the debates and votes which
would be agreeable to a labor man is
small. Hardly any of thie members
of parliament elected as representatives of the old parties ever take up
labor's battle In any particular. There
is only one solution for that kind of a
situation and that is that labor should
have its own representatives. The
labor party throughout Canada should
be busy right now working to that
end.
Tho Truth About tlie Dole
Well does Mr, Churchill know—or
if ho does not, he is singularly ill-
informed—that (1) Unemployment
insurance, bulgarly known as the dole,
is a right to which an unemployed
man or woman is entitled by law;
they have bought it, paid for lt; and
thore ought to be no more stigma attaching to its receipt than there is to
an endowment or sickness or compensation or death bonefit payment from
an Insurance company. (2) When the
term of unemployed bonefit is expired
and the unemployed man or woman
has still failed to securo work, there
is provided what is called uncoven-
ated benefit.
But neither unemployment benefit
nor tho uncovenanted unemployed
benefit are paid unless It is proven
that the recipient is unable to procure
work.
This
Who Won tlio War?
is  how  thu  reparation  policy
.810 Swoiid "Ave. , -., Calgary I
SASKATCHEWAN
LAYCOCK STORES LTD Swift Current
SEATTLE. WASH.
EOEHA9T NEWS  STOBB . S«ttl«
BOOK REVIEW
FRIDAY .May
1925
AMAZING APATHY
IN another column we print a letter
from our correspondent "A Retail Clerk" which we commend to our
readers as emphatic of the remarkable want of movement and action
among those most Interested.
If the shop assistants wish to retain the comparative freedom and
hours they have enjoyed for the last
year or two, they must be prepared
to make sacrifices, combine and move
in their full strength. It is most evident that subtle but powerful movement is afoot to get more hours out
of the shop workers and a very serious
menace threatens that must be fought
at once.
Another point must be remembered,
the influx of this sort of labor Into
B. C. and Vancouver especially will be
a strong weapon In the hands of the
big employer to cut wages—not that
they will bear much pruning—but,
retail clerks, assistants, all such work-
era for goodness sake wake up, this
lethargy and "letting George-do-it"
process wll get you nowhere; you
will find the bonds tightening round
you quickly enough, then you will
wonder why and grumble,
The movement ls in your own hands,
wake up and do things. Get in touch
with you association and enrol at
once and get busy!
THE AMERICAN LABOR YEAR
BOOK; Volume vl, 1925; 7x5 in.;
510 pp.; by Rand School of Social
Science. Rand Book Store, 7
Eaat Fifteenth street, New York
City.   Cloth, $3.
'PHIS work is an encyclopedia and
compendium of tho International
union and labor political movement,
containing chapters as follows: (1)
Industrial and Social conditions, (2)
Trade union organization, (3) Labor
disputes, (4) Labor politics (5) Labor
Legislation, (6) Court decisions
affecting labor, {7) Civil Liberties, (8) Workers' education, (9)
Labor banking, (10) Co-operation, (11) Public .ownership,* (12)
International relations of labor,
(13) Labor abroad, (14) Death roll of
1924, (15) Recent books and pamphlets on labor subjects, (16) International labor directory. It is the
foremost reference book on the workers' movement of the world and is of
great value to everyone interested in
the welfare of the masses. For correctness and trustworthiness it is second to nono in the treatment of facts
and figures bearing on the labor question. Solon De Leon, director; Nathan Fine, associate.
of the Dawes report affects tho British miners In markets which used to
take British coal: "How very serious
the position has become, particularly
in South Wales, is contained in tho
announcement made by the Italian
State Railways that their Cardiff office Is to be closed forthwith. It
is estimated that the closing of the
Italian buying office will throw an
additional 10,000 to 12,000 mine workers out of employment. Whereas at
one time we exported 2,500,000 tons
of coal a year to Italy, for more than
12 months we have not sent a single
lon. It is only a month since the
French State Railways closed their
Cardiff coal buying office after 32
years."
German   reparation   coal   is   being
sold in Belgium at ten francs less than
the Belgium miners can produce it.
*    #    *
The Gold Standard
Says Professor J. M. Keynes in the
Nation:
"Unless the situation is saved by a
rise of prices elsewhere, the chancellor Is committing us to a policy of
forcing down money wages by perhaps two shillings In the pound sterling. I do not believe that this can
be achieved without the gravest danger to industrial profits and industrial peace. I would much rather
leave the gold value of our currency
where it was some months ago tban
embark on a struggle with eviery
trade union in the country to reduce
money-wages. It seems to me wiser
and simpler and saner to leave the
currency to find its own level for
some time longer than to force a situation whero employers are faced
with the alternative of closing down
or of lowering wages, cost what tho
struggle may."
Agitation for Shorter Hours Education of Employers Rather
Than Workers.
In all the years which have passed
since the flrst eatablishent of 'the
eight hours movoment in New South
Wales, the agitation for shorter hours
has really been an education of the
employers rather than of the workers.
Justice Higgins, in his favorable
Judgment on the 44-hour week, suggested this in these words: "So long
as the employer has the sole right
of dictating what is to be produced,
what quantities, what is to be sold,
and-at what prices; so long as the
employees feel that the more they
produco the sooner comes unemployment; so long, in faot, as the unemployment problem romains unsolved,
and tho power of the employor on
these matters remains so autocratic,
so long will sound forecasts or output bo impossible."
"Sound forecasts of output" are of
as great importance, if not greater,
to the employer as to tho worker.—
Melbourne Labi>r Call.
LETTERS TO
ID,
[The opinions and liaaa expreaMd
by correspondent* are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management]
IS
m MODE SOLDIERS
STAY 1IOMK!
AT A recent convocation in the East
students were strongly urged to
remain In Canada, rather than to go
to some foreign country, to spend!
the rest of their lives. The wonderful opportunities awaiting them here
was pointed out.
All this sounds wonderful. It appeals to the patriotic spirit, but it
does not supply the necessities of life
to anyone. Canadians, liko all others,
are anxious, yes eager, to remain in
the land of their birth, and, no doubt,
those who have migrated, would be
happy to return again, when in return for their labor, they feel and
know that a livelihood for themselves,
and dependents, awaits them.
Starving at home is probably
disagreeable as starving in a foreign
land. Certainly, however, it is worse
than having to live, and acquire a few
of the essentials In a foreign land.
Until Canada rids herself of her
blood-sucking parasites, reduces her
taxation, and regains for her people
the natural resources that are being,
and have been, stolen or squandered,
and are now in the hands of speculators, tho young people are going to
be forced to go elsewhere to gain
their livelihood. No nmount of talk
can stop them.
iQlEOTfflOX
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this ofllce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
_Ed.] 	
Paris  Petit  Journal  Advocates
Military Service for Both
Sexes,
Discussing France's loss of population through the increase of deaths
over births, the Petit Journal, in a
recent editorial suggested that eventually the government would be forced
to make girls be soldiers "to defend
the country in case of invasion.''
"Soldiers knapsacks are no heavier
to carry than a market basket," says
the article. "Men are becoming rarer
in France, and we must organize battalions of amazons. Military service
for both sexes is the solo remedy
against depopulation."
French imperialism halts at nothing. Not even the famous bourgeois
"sanctity of the woman" is safe from
its rapacious hunger for profits.
London Despatch Forecasts Fresh
Soviet Effort Against the
British Empire.
[By John Pickenshovei
Recently a despatch from London
appeared in the local press to the
effect that a fresh soviet effort
against the British empire is forecasted and that attempts may be
made to create trouble in the dominions. It would be Interesting for us
to learn when did Premier MacKen-
zie King start to take orders from
Mascow? We haven't heard of it or
are we likely to. We have heard in
a round about way, that he and his
party are not enamoured with anything savoring of British imperialism,
but they have not been accused as yet
of receiving filthy bolshevik lucre.
But maybe it is the Communists that
are suspected of trying to destroy our
empire. From what we are able to
learn from the Communists we have
met, they have as little love to bestow, or anw tears to shed for elth
er London or Ottawa governments.
In the course of time, the far-flung
British empire may fall as have all
other empires. Events have been
shaping themselves for quite a number of years, and, long before the
soviet government was ever thought
of, whereby the British empire would
be modified, if not annihilated, by the
development of economic and political
Independence among its integral parts.
But why blame the soviet government for It?
It is perfectly nauseating, if it were
not amusing to be reading such balderdash from day to day, and It
would be interesting to learn whether
they actually think the reading public
of Vancouver are so devoid of reason as to actually believe such stuff.
Organize the Farmers
Editor of B. C. Federatalonist: It
was with a great deal of Interest and
satisfaction that I read Mr. Jack
Loggie's article on the C.L.P. convention I heartily agree with him
that "the time is ripe for an advance
which will put the political wing of
the labor movement on a solid and
permanent basis." This can only be
done by organizing the farmers of
British Columbia into a real farmers' party to work In conjunction
with the B. C. Federated Labor
Party, To accomplish this, you must
start an hO|P est-to-good ness campaign of education. You must organize any political party long
enough before election day, if success is to bo obtained at the polls.
You can't sit around and expect to
win at the polls with a brass band
on election day. But you can win,
provided you have a united party in
fighting shape before polling day arrives. The other fellows have the
dally papors supporting them the
ear round, and carrying on propa.-
janda work most effectively, while
tlfe working class has only its weekly paper. Even it could be made a
power for good, if It were big and
broad enough for the work. But
bear this fact in mind, you cannot
make much headway in the labor
movement without the assistance of
paper. Why not circulate The
Federationist freely amqng the farmers, thereby enlisting their friendship and support? Don't forget that
the Dominion elections are near at
hand.    Yours truly,
FISHERMAN.
New   Westminster,   B.C.,   May   21,
1925.
The llrltlsh Budget and Incomo Tnx
Editor B.C. Federationist: Residents
in Canada deriving any income from
Great Britain will be delighted at thc
new budget, as the income tax remissions are very real. Briefly they
are as follows: "Reduction in thc
standard rates of tax from 4s. fid., to
4s. in the £. Relief to 'earned' Income
Increased from one-tenth to one-sixth.
Treatment of all income of persons
over G5 years of age as 'earned' where
total income does not exceed £500.
In the case of married persons this
applies if either spouse is of the age
stated."
The following Instances  will show
the   reductions   more   clearly.     It* is
assumed in each ense that a married
couple without children Is concerned:
Last This
Income Year's Tax    Year's Tax
£   300    £    5    1  .1
400 '.        15     3  !)
1,000       12G   11  3
Prima facie it would
that in the case of Income "earned"
in Canada the amount of repayment
on the British "Investment" income
would be affected, but owing to peculiar naturo of the rebates allowed,
extra relief Is In fact given to persons
not resident in the United Kingdom.
Yours faithfully,
WILFRED T. FRY
13   Buckingham   Palace   Gardens,
London, S. W.  1,  May 9,  1925.
Longshoremen's Agreement
The syndicate of longshoremen at
Montreal and the steamship agencies
have signed an ngreement as to working hours and wages, affecting the
4000 dock workers, which is to be operative until the end of this year.
Farm Labor Needed
It is reported that farmers throughout the provinco of Ontario are calling for experienced help.
£ 2 10 0
10 16 8
99    3 4
not  appear
DEAF?    Deaf?
NOW you can mingle with your friends without that embarrassment which
every deaf person suffers. Now you can take yoar placo In tho social business worlds to which your' talents entitle you, and from which your affliction
has fn some measure exoluded yon.
Inasmuch bb over 500,000 users have testified to the wonderful results obtained
from the "Acousticon," we feel perfectly safe In urging every deaf peraon,
without a penny of expense, to accept the
"ACOUSTICON" ___,_*"
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
EVERYTHING FOB THE EYE AND EAR
61S Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
stores can now remain open as long
as they like, arid we cannot tell how
long before that will apply to all
othor stores. And yet the retail clerks
on the whole are asleep, and cannot,
seo that they are in danger of losing
all that their fellow-workers, a few
ears ago, fought so long and hard
to obtain.
A short while ago, (he association
held a muss meeting for the retail
clorks. Tho Rev. Mr. Craig kindly
gave his lime to come and speak to
and help the clerks, and how many
gavo up their time that evening to
help or show their intorest? About
40! Wake up, wake up, retail clorks,
If you do not try and help yourselves
now to hold what .vou have, you may
lind before long that it Is too late. An
was said at that meeting, it is of no
uso to lock the stable door after the
horse has gono,
A RETAIL CLERK
Vancouver, B. C,  May 21,  1925.
Geneva Conference Holds Poison
Gas Not in Accord With
Civilization,
[By J. L. M.]
At a reeent conference held in Geneva under the auspices of the League
of Nations to deal with the international traffic in arms and munitions,
the question of the use of poison gas
was discussed. Its use Is considered
not to be in accordance with civilization. That is quite right. Warfare
should be a "glorified" kind of proposition. It should be organized on a
pink tea basis, so that no one would
get hurt. But it so happens that
wnrs are not so intended. The function of war Is to destroy, and the
victorious forces are those who do the
most destroying. But apparently to
the potentates, who occasionally meet
at Geneva, it makes all the difference
in the world how people get killed and
wounded.
It is awful to get killed by poison
gas, but the same delegates to the
conference do not want the same
limitations applied to such things as
revolvers, warships, submarines and
aeroplanes. There are reasons for
that. There are U. S. A. warships
anchored off the shores of Morocco at
present for some reason or other.
Maybe to enforce the "Monroe Doctrine," or some other form of "self
determination". Then again revolvers
may be bad things to use ln war,
though they often come in handy
during strikes or unemployed riots,
Aeroplanes are also considered neces-
DEAFNESS
NOISES IN THE HEAD
AND NASAL CATARRH
Can Be Relieved
The new  Continental Remedy  called
"LAUMALENE',' (Jtogd.)
Is a simple, liArmloss homo treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises In (ho hend. etc. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates upon tho
nffceti'il jmrts with complote and por
miiiient success. Scores of wonderful casos reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. K. Crowo, of Whitehorse
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleas-
ed to tell you that tho small tin of
ointment you sent to mo at Ventnor
has |in**veil a complote success, my
hearing is now quito normal and the
horrible head noises havo ceased,
Tho action of this new remedy mnst
bo very remarkable, for I have boon
troubled with thoso complnints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of tho very best medical advice, together with other expensivo ear instruments, all to no purpoBo. I need
hardly say how vory grateful I am,
for my lifo has undergone an entire
change.''
Try ono box today, which can be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of monoy order for 91.00. Tbere Is
nothing better ftt any price. Address
oMcrs to Manager "LARUALENE1
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
sary to break up unemployed riots.
And furthermore, it is not long ago
thnt one of tho American periodicals
published pictures of gas masks to be
used by the police in that country
when quqelling a mob.
From this it is apparent, that ln the
next war, the non-combatants may
get the worst of it, and as In the last
war, the makers of these instruments
of destruction will get the best of lt.
That Is assuming that before the next
war ls attempted, the people will
wake up from the illusion as to the
main purpose for which they are
made.
Convoy to other porsons none of
my words, except those ye know of a
surety.—Mahomet,
I hate nothing except hatred.—Anatole Prance.
Retail  Clerks and  Late  Closing
Editor B. C. Federationist: There
is ln exist ance an organization called
The Retail Clerks association, whose
object Is to try and keep the atore
hours as they nre at present, that is
to keep the half- holiday and the
6 o'clock closing on Saturdays.
I wonder if the retail clerks realize that the half-holiday is menaced?
It is rumored that there is to he a
bill introduced at the next session of
the legislature to do away with iho
half-holiday. The thin edge of the
wedge has already been inserted with
regard to the early closing.    Grocery
Q. BENNETT; Thomas Grey's
"Elegy" is too long ror us to print in
its entirety. Got a copy of "Grey and
his Poetry," by Vv". II. Hudson, or
you can see a copy In the public library; you will find a criticnl t nd
very interesting amilysis of the "Elegy" therein,
O. ANDERSON: We have referred
to this subject frequently. The I. L.
P., London, publish a remarkable
pamphlet on the "Capitalist Press of
Britain," detailing how the big papers
are controlled by interests—in fact,
the whole of the press of Britain h\
so controlled. It is much the same
here and everywhere; the only remedy
is for labor to make the Hiicriflee and
get their own press, wherein the true
story of happenings can be published.
J. WATSON: Read "News From
Nowhere," by William Morris; "New
Worlds for Old," by H. G. Wells. Reply to further queries later.
L. A., New Westminster: It is
found in Edward Bellamy's "Equality" a remarkable work, although not
so widely read as "Looking Backward."
REPLIES to "Disgrutled" ami others next Week.
WHERE?
[Written for The B, C. Federationist]
Whom shall we worship? Where, Ol
where is he?
Thus asks tho eager youth of modern India,
O call  him   with  the call of  heart,
and he,
Who is with thee, will show himself
to thee!
Shake   off   the   river   of   ambitious
thoughts—
Of greed, enjoyment, fame or power
—and  thou
Wilt  k-now  his seat is  in  the  cave
of heart.
In thee ho lives, but thou hast not
yet learnt
The lesson of forgotfulness.    In thee
The   Master's  light  doth  shine,   but
thou
Remembered yet thyself.    No space,
no soul,
But his breath's there, as fragrance
in the flower.
—J. C. Goho.
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it.
Fresh   Out  Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding  Bouquets, Pot Planta,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bolbs, Florist*.' Sandrlet
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
tl Huting, street Eut	
151 Hastlngi Strut Wut.
t—STORES—*I
..Sey. 888*872     665   Ortnvllle   Shoot™... Joy.   M1S-MM
....'Be,. 1370     1047 Ooorjift Street W.it....'..
'SAT IT WITB FLOWEBS"
.0.,. 7411
POSTAGE STAMPS
CASH PAID FOB OLD POSTAGE STAMPS
■—Especially on original envelopes; do not *•
detach,   but  send  entiro envelope by regie- Jr I
tored mail to Adcibort Porter,  Santa Ana,
California.
LADIES KNOW
JUST whoro to go for uljfgest values In
wearing apparel. At tho "Famous"
prices are kept nhvnvs low by renson
of our BUYING POWER—ability to
snap np special   buys nt   bin   discounts.
COMPARE our vnlues I
Famous SS&'S.
619-623 Huntings Street West
lte Noble and Honorable
If the state la governed by tho principles or reason and justice, speak
boldly and worthily, act nobly and
honorably. If the state is not governed by justice and reason, still act
nobly and honorably, bul speak mod
erately and with precaution.—Con
fuoius.
Defined al Lost
.Jimmy is three years old and very
fond of telling hts dreams at the
breakfast table. One morning his
father thinking to apply an Intelligence test, said:
"Rut Jim tny, 1 don't bolieve Vou
know what ji dream In."
Jimmy's answer
sure:
"Yes. I dn. It's
while you're asleep,
tlonalist.
fame   quick   and
moving  picture*
"—The Oungregn-
l-iiemployinont Insimwirc
During the year 1024 tho contributions to tho British unemployment insuranco fund com prised i   state, £13,-
-210,000;        employers,        £19,510,000;
workers. £17,340,000.
Help Those Who Help You
AUR advertisers are supporting the Federationist, and
V they expect returns. They are in business, and naturally expect to see results from their advertising. By patronizing our advertisers, the readers are at the same time
assisting the Federationist. Is it too much to ask that
these who evidently seek your patronage, and are willing
to pay for it by advertising, should receive your attention?
You should be able to judge,
IvvodriN af Cjii'iH-ntcrs
An exodus of carpenters leaving for
tho United States Is reported from
.Sydney district of Nova Scotia, with
resultant embarrassment to local construction work,
Tho Foderationist Is out to ne)-,
tho workers. Thero Is no noblei
work. Join us In tho light. Oe*
your   friends   to  subscribe.
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample oopy of
the British Columbia Federationist
SEND US HIS NAME AND ADDRESS
We want NEW READERS—Help us to get them
—USB THIS COUPON—
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ADDRESS
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IF YOU AHE LOOKINO  VOU
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Boost for
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NEW SUBSCRIBER
1
Phon* Seymour SSS4
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
suite sai, DoiznrcoH BunjMva
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Sey. 5777        Vnncouvor, B. C.
LONG-DISTANCE IS
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jVTEW night rates aro
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distance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7'
a.m.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
HAVE you ever bud ■ renl drink
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To meet tkt -Mini of msny ellenu,
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eperklinf tpplo eldtr In pint bottlu,
either pan iweet or government rec nit*
tlon 3% hftrd tpplo elder. Theee drlnke
tre ftbeolntelr pan tnd free from ttl
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Oldtr Muifactnrm
1ISS Oommirdftl Drln, Vutsinr, B. 9.
BANKING SERVICE
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for talcing care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
UJ»R«?*NK
Established SS Years l.'RIDAY May 22,  1112.'
SEVENTEENTH YEAR. ' Mo. 21
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
Page Three
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Per Ton, Delivered
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EAST INDIAN LIFE
Native Princes Bute As Despots
Under British Protection
in India.
POWERS OF FEUDATORIES
High Coat ot Potatoes
The total Importation of potatoea
from tho United States into Canada
during January, February, March and
April ot this year amounted to 11,-
087,442 pounds, valued at $127,643.
The customs tariff on same is 35
cents, per hundred pounds. Thus
Canadian consumers pay the government $38,800.05 for the privilege of
eating American grown potatoes.
Consumptive Cases
There wero 79,388 cases of tuberculosis reported In England during
11*23. This was an Increase on the
two preceding years. 18,158 patients
are receiving residential Institutional
treatment.
Employees To Bu Dismissed
A Berlin news cable says that aa
a measure of economy, the German
railway adminiatration announces 30,-
000 employees will soon be dismissed.
The railways now employ 765,000 persons.
Oh!    War,   thou   son    of   hell.—
Shakespeare.
TEACHERS WANTED
TEACHERS wishing to bo considered for
appointment in tlio Vancouver Schools
muat hnve thoir applications filed with tho
undersigned not Inter than May Hist. Only
applications recoived by Juno !10th will bo
considered in July, except those for certain
special   positions.
J. S. OORDON.
Municipal Inspector of Schools.
FboM Sty. 1198. 312 OARRALL ST.
6. S. MASON & CO.
ElUblilhld mi
A FAOTOEY TOB  BEPAIBIMO HIO«*
OBADE WATCHES, CLOCKS,
OHBONO_a.r_.ES AMD J1WHLST
Antique Clocks, Cbronogr.pbs, te.
Weithor Oltsse.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
y*tf*3te
--JoCM*
CANADA  nnd U. S. A..
jj Union Musician-Employed Exclusively \
-m—&-mk-____-m
I.ENI) VOUR PATRONAGE TO THB
MUSICIANS' LABEL,
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED  PRINTING  TRADES COUNCIL—
Mt*t-ts leeond Monday In tha month.    Pnsldent. J.  R. Whito; secretary. R. H. Nasi-
ands   V. O   Box 66.  _
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY. Room 111—
319 Pender St. West—Bus I noun moctlnns
1st nnd 3rd Wednesday evenings. Ii. II.
Neelands, Chairman; E. H. Morrison, Sec-
Treas.; Angus Maclnnis, 8544 Princo Edward Street, Vancouvor, B. 0., Cnrrespond-
ing  Beorotary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
information re securing speakers or the for
matlon of local branches, kindly communl-
cato with Provincial Secretary J. Lylo Tolford, 624 Dirks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C.
Telephono Seymour 1888. nr Bay viow 5520.
BAKERT  SALESMEN,  LOOAL 8T1—Mattl
■econd Thursday every month In Holdia
Building.    Preaident, J. Brlgktwall; flnanelal
secretary, H. A, Bowron, 910— llth Avsant
Put,
CIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION— Meats flnt
and third Fridays In •aek month, at 449
Richarda Street. Pnaldent, David OnthfU.
2862 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Harriion, 1188 Parker 8treet.        	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wedneiday at 8 p.m., Room
80S Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
buslneas agent and flnanelal aaentarr, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 146, A, F. of M.—Moots
in Cotillion Hall, corner of Davlo and Gran*
ville stroets, second Snnday at 10 a.m.
President, E. A. Jamieson, 991 Nelson
Street; Secretary, J. W. Allen, 991 Nolson
Stroet; Financinl Secretary, W. E, Williams,
IHU Nelson Street; Organiser, F. Fletcher,
091 NolaoA Street.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots at 991 Nelvm Strset, at .'1
ain. un the Tuesday preceding the lit Sub*
dny of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
991 Nolson Strent; Secretary, E. A. Jamie*
son, 991 Nelson Street; Business Agent, F<
Fletcher, 991  Nelson Pt.    	
TYPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No. 220—President, R. P. Pettipiece; vicn-preslrlont. 0.
F. Cnmpboll; scorctary-troasunr, R. H. Nee-
lands, P. O. Box 6(1, Meets last Sunday of
ench month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 11
nestings Street East.	
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, Nn. 418—President, 8. 1>. Maedonald, secretnry-treasun r, .1. M, Campbell,
P. O. Box 689. Me-i-tn Ult Tlinrsday of eaeh
minth.
Without Schools or Hospitals-
Population Veritable Mass of
Illiterate Humanity.
[By an Indian.]
INDIA is divided into two distinct
political parts. The 0|no under the
direct rule of Britain la known as
British India, and the other ruled hy
native princes under British protection la culled the Indian states. There
are different standards of governmont for the two. The conditions
obtaining in British I,iidla havo, of
late, been sufficiently laid bare to
the view of the world outside, but
the Indian states are still a mystery
to it. Tho following account, which
is typical, will afford a peep into the
life under Hritish protection in India;
Out of the seven hundred and odd
Indian states, the most important
group is governed by the Rajput race
and is situated in Hajasthan, a name
given to the provinces of Rajputans
and Central India. Jaipur Is one of
these Rajput states, and Is at -present being governed by officers of the
British government ljp the name of
the minor prince. The system of administration is absolute monarchy
carried on by hereditary rulers.
There is no elected legislature or
local bodies. A considerable portion
of the state territories ls held by
feudatory chiefs, who pay annual
tributes to Jaipur.
Act Liko Mcdlcvul Autocrats
The powers of these feudatories
are undefined and consequently unlimited and there are flio • salutary
checks over them. The policy of
the state is that of favoritism towards the aristocrats and of exploitation and criminal indifference towards the interests of the ordinary
people. Every potty landholder regards himself with impunity the
monarch of all he surveys, there being none to dispute his right to do
wrong. They are not endowed with
magisterial powers, but they exercise
them to an extent ajud in a manner
which may well be tho envy of medieval autocrats.
The largest feudatory of the native
state of Jaipur is Sikar. It has about
350 villages and five small towns
under its Jurisdiction. The population according to tho last census ls
slightly bolow 200,000. The peasantry and labor form half the number.
The soil is pure sand and yields only
ono harvest in the year. It fails
more often tha,p not and ls seldom
bountiful. The produco ls dry corn
and pulses. About half the produce
Is laken away by way of land revenue.
Hensts or Prey Enjoy Immunity
Around the capital town of Slkar
there are reserved forests for hunting purposes for the chief. They
abound in beasts of prey, which en
joy statutory immunity from shot by
the peasant, but are free to work
havoc with the fruits of his labor,
i.e., the crops. The annual Income
of Slkar Is, in Indian coin, about a
million rupees (I.e. -$325,000). Half
of this amount represents the land
revenue. Tho expenditure is only
half the income and the lion's share
of it ls incurred for the maintenance
of dignitaries. The savlngB are at
thc disposal of the chief, who Is free
to spend as much as he fancies on
his personal tastes. During the last
two years only the sum he has so
squandered exceeds a year's income.
He is illiterate and addicted to drink
and expensive pleasure trips. Besides
land tax, the chief levies taxes on
each fireplace, oach instrument of
an artisan and uncultivated l;i(tuls.
The poverty and Ignorance of the
people are appalling and epidemics
levy horrible tolls. Tho sub-state of
Slkar takes away half the produce
from tho agriculturist by land tnx
and extorts forced and unpaid labor
for Itsolf and its employees from tho
laboring classes, who are thus prevented from earning a full IlMll-
hood. Both these classes are consequently oftqn on the verge of starvation.
No Schools Nor Hospitals
The chief maintains only one primary school and ono small hospital at
the capital town. He spends only
(2500 on education and medicine.
Not a single school or 'hospital is established by the chief in the hundreds of villages ln his possession.
Thc rural population Is a veritable
mass of illiterate humanity. There ls
no provision for sanitation, thi-re being no municipality ln the towns or
the villages. They are stinking with
thc bad smell of dirt and refuse.
The effects of epidemics ln these
circumstances are naturally devastating and people die In thousands for
wa,nt of medical help and sanitary
measures. There arc no public roads
oxcoptt he fow In the capital town
which the chiof has built for his
own convenience.
Till last yoar Slkar used to sell its
police and rovenue by public auction
to the highest bidder,' who could
mako money out of crime and
squeeze tho peasant like anything.
Tho sub-state had a queer way of
turning thoflH and robberies to good
account by levying o-n all recoveries
of Btolon property a fourth part aa
its share, Now it allows Its share,
to go to tlio offender who returns
the proporty to tho owner after retaining his wnges. Tho polico Is
saved the troublo of investigation
and the offender all punishment
Justice   Is  more  a   moans of  income
than of -punishment of crime, as
sentences are more of fine than of
impi'lsonment. Bribery and favoritism are also rampant.
Slavery Exists
The Englishman boasts of having
driven away slavery for all time
from his empire. But ln the native
states of India the evil does exist.
He knows it, but only winks at it
and throws the odium on the Indian
prince, who is to all intents and
purposes a mere tool in the Englishman's hands. Sikar also maintains a number of slaves. They are
styled colas, barogas, etc. They are
bartered as objects of dowry, and
tlie chastity of their women-folk Is
ever at the mei'cy of aristocratic
lust. They aro allotted the hardest
and the meanest tasks, but given the
worst food and clothing. They can
leave their masters only at the peril
of persecution and prosecution. Infanticide or killing girl-babies is another evil that survives among the
petty landholders of Slkar. Tho oppression and economic exploitation
of thu chief has so reduced them to
penury that they cannot afford to
defray tho expenses of tbe marriages
of their daughters, und hence they
kill them in infancy. The recent
imposition of a marriage levy on
these landholders by the chief of
Slkar must aggravate their economic
distress and the consequent rise in
Infanticide.
In tho Power of Official Tyrants
There is no liberty of speech,
press or association in Sikar. The
little that existed, not by right but
by suft'rance, has been wrested by
the senior officer, who has recently
been lent by the British government
for a term of three years. The
emoluments of this single officer exceed ten times the total expenditure
of Sikar on public education and
medicine! This official is a pet of
the political department of the British government in India because he
treats the officers of this department
with sumptuous dingers and rich
presents at the expense of Sikar.
These officers in return support the
senior officer's actions. He has,
therefore, intrepidly proposed to increase the customs duties from two
to thirty-two times the existing rates
and has, contrary to the spirit ot an
agreement made last year, enhanced
the land revenue by 25 per cent. The
peasants, expressed unwillingness or
inability to pay at the enhanced
rates. A number of these were arreBted and subjected to barbarous
physical tortures, such as burying
their arms ln the ground, committing to stocks and beating with
shoes, etc. Those who escaped and
proceeded to Jaipur to make representation to the superior authorities
were victimized otherwise. They were
deprived of their head man ship, their
field produce was attached and their
children   arrested   and   women  har-
HYDRO-ELECTRIC
Generation and Transmission of
Electricity Controlled By
Ontario.
NO BURDEN ON TAXPAYERS
Shameless Partiality
The superior authorities showed
shameless partiality towards tho sen
lor officer of Slkar a,.\\i turned u
deaf ear to the peasant grievances.
The Sikar official was emboldened
all the more in his high-handedness.
He arrested without warrant eighteen peasants for the only offense of
assembling on the 4th March for the
sake of proceeding to Jaipur a eecond time. On the 5th March he expelled as arbitrarily a public worker
who was helping the peasants In getting redress. About the same time,
this officer banned the entry into
Sikar of a vernacular weekly that
supported the peasant cause. No
judicial proceedings were taken. The
Jaipur authorities betrayed equal autocracy at his instance by deporting
the editor of that paper from his
home for all time without any trial.
The peasants and laborers of Slkar
have thus boen deprived of not only
all help from public journals and
public bodies, but also of tho only
constitutional means at their disposal, namely, appeal to higher authorities. All this oppression and
lawlessness is resorted to for preventing any organization from spring
lag up among the toiling masses of
Slkar.
These events are taking place un
der tho eyes and with the connivance of British officials in India and
have beeip published in the Indian
papers. It is to be seen what action
is taken by the labor membors of
tho British parliament, who profess
so much solicitude for tbe Indian
masses.
Hail  I-diiiKiinge
It's a wonder money doesn't blush
whon made to talk lho way It does
by somo people.—Des Moines Tribune.
"MIND YOUR
OWN BUSINESS"
A SUGGESTION  TO TIRED
FARMERS
rpHOSE Individuals, or groups,
•** wishing   to   get   pamphlets
which have Juat recently been
printed are urged to send ln
their orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They nre tho following:
WOMAN   AND   WAR
By Mrs. Rose Henderson
10 conts.
MIND YOUR OWN BUSINESS
By George F. Stirling
5 cents,
Thoso pamphlets aro well written, They contain a wealth of
Information, and are, to Bay
the vory least, thought-provoking.
Send   hi   V.inr  Onlcr.-<  nt Onco
You Cannot Afford To Ho
Wltltu.lt Tliem
Price Charged for Domestic Supply Varies From 1,3 to 15
Oents Per Unit.
'pHE Hydro-Electric Power commis-
sion of Ontario Is n public body
which, as trustee for the province,
controls all properties necessary for
the generation and transmission of
electricity. Electric energy is supplied in bulk, and ut trust price to an
ever increasing number of local authorities; 350 municipalities, townships and rural districts being supplied on this basis in 1923, according
to the latest annual report of the commission. Municipalities enter by
contract into a partnership for which
the commission also acts as trustee.
Tlie commission links up these municipalities, adjudicating in tho genornl
interest between the various local requirements for power, and acting in
an advisory capacity when called upon
to do so. It also arranges for the
purchase of existing privately-owned
power stations and distributing systems, the construction and development of additional plant, assists municipal officials ln making their financial arrangements, recommends all
necessary power-suply rate adjustments and generally supervises local
management when municipalities are
too small to employ a competent manager. Laboritles are equipped and
maintained for research, and centralised testing and inspection of materials; the facilities and staff being
further at the service of municipalities in connection with other technical problems coming within the!.-
scope. V
The activities of the commission,
using this term for the movement'to
Include the partnership of municipalities, may be conveniently considered under two heads: (a) The generation and supply In bulk of energy
to the various local authorities; (b)
The distribution of this energy by local authorities to their consumers.
There are thirteen generating systems, many of which are already Interlinked. As the name of the commission implies, most of the energy is
obtained from water power. Of the
total output for the year 1923, some
2,631,700,000 board of trade units
were derived from 18 hydro-electric
generating plants, 210,000,000 B. T.
units were purchased from nine power companies, while only 708,000 B.
T. units were generated by the commission's steam plants. The total
length of transmission lines built up
and acquired by the commission up to
October, 1923, was approximately
4,000 miles.
The rate at which power Is sup
piled to the various municipalities
vary with the amount of powor used
and the distance from the source of
supply. The entire capital cost of the
various power developments and
transmission systems is pro-rated an
nually to the connected municipal!
ties according to the relative use made
of .lines and equipment.
Municipalities are not charged with
expenses connected with equipment
or plant from which they derive no
benefit, or in which they are in no
way interested. There is no burden
on the taxpayers or non-users, and no
avenue through which losses, should
they occur, could be absorbed, except
by a direct chargo to the contracting
municipalities for power supplied.
The sinking fund on debentures Is
treated as an operating expense, and
therefore municipalities are not only
paying interest on the investment but
arc also paying off the principal by
moans of a sinking fund. In addition
they are providing for the perpotult
of the system through an adequate
depreciation fund.
Average figures for tho actual
charges mado to consumers are not
available, but some indication may
bo obtained from the fact that in tlie
caso of 214 municipalities the prlc
charged for domestic supply varies
between a minimum of 1.3 cents, and
a maximumu of 15 cents. The average oharge made by those particular
authorities works nut at 4.8 cents. The
wide variation In charges ls largely
duo to the considerable distances over
which, in many cases, power has to
be transmitted.
Inequality and Injustice
What sort of society |s this thftt has
to the extent that ours has, Inequality
and Injustice for its basis? Such a society in fit only to be kicked out
through the windows-—Its banquet
tables, Its orgies, its debaucheries, its
scoundrclisms, together with all those
who are seated leaning on the backs
of others, whom thoy keep down on
all fours. The hell of the poor Is the
paradise the rich love to soiuce themselves in.—Victor Hugo.
Milkmen'" Strike
Two thousand men employed as
milk roundsmen In London, ISng., are
on Btrike In an effort to enforce thoir
demnnds for a $ 1 i*.■!fi a week minimum wage, a six-day weok, and fourteen days' holiday with pay. The men
hnvo asked tho Executive of the
Transport and General Workers' union, of which they nre members, to
give the Btrike official stains.
Six II Mourn for rivll Service
Hon. Mr. Stevens: (Q) ra il tho Intention of lho government lo Introduce any legislation providing fixed
labor Inws for members of ihe Civil
Service nt 41 hours por weok? Hon.
Mr. Copp: (A) NO.
IMTERHATIOHAL LABOR
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
England
Housing Program.—The municipality of Coventry, which is an active
manufacturing city of 128,000 inhabitants, about eighteen and one-half
miles southeast of Birmingham, has
decided upon a definite housing plan
calling for the erecting of 1,694
houses, which will ease the present
shortage. Assistance in the way of
subsidies is expected from the National Government.
Germany
Employment Registrations,—}Ac-
cording to figures published by the
Government employment bureau,
thero Is a slight but general decrease
ln the number of male and female
applicants for placement and a corresponding increase ln the number of
positions available. Tho numbor of
persons receiving unemployment doles
is on the decline.
Factory Shut-downs.—The decrease
in the number of shut-downs of factories in Saxony, which was appearent
during tho first part of March, 1925,
as compared with February, continued during tho second half of the
month.
Japan
Emigration Association.—It is reported from Tokyo that an associa-
toion haa been founded in Japan with
the object of encouraging the emigration of Japanese women to Brazil.
As  to  Refusal  of  Money  for
Building Because of Mechanics' Wages.
The banking brethren of Washington, D.C., have become a bit nervous,
says the Cleveland Citizen (labor).
The Central Labor union sent apeclal delivery letters to 47 bank presidents in the national capital reading
in part as follows:
"Is your bank a party to any plan
which has for its purpose the refusal
to loan money for building enterprises
based on the amount of wages paid to
mechanics performing tho labor on
samo? Failing to hear from you In
the next few days will be cause for
assuming that you acqulse in this
plan, and we will so list your institution."
This was a groat shock to most of
tho bankers. "It's a very impertinent question," they chorused in the
evening papers.
"Its none of the wage earners'
business what we do with their money
after they hand it over to us upon
a promise to pay 3 per cont. Interest,"
they echoed in the morning papers.
The quostion aroso when some of thc
building trade unions of Washington
mado a demand for wage Improvements. Several of the contractors
said they could not agroo to this because the banks would withhold credit
and refuse to advance tho money necessary for pay rolls lf they grantod
a wage increase to employees, The
Machinist's Bank, which has been
growing rapidly, entered a positive
negative and it will grow still faster.
Men's Overalls
for Mechanics, Carpenters, etc.—made of strong
materials, generously cut, and attractively priced
!.  W.  &  O.   UNION MADE HIGH-
BACKED OVERALLS
—Made from an extra heavy blue
_enlm, cut extra roomy, with all
■.ejimi*, reinforced, complete with
safety rule and watoh pockets. Sizes
32 to  ... An   — m
Price     %J>**. I O
Smocks to mutch at the aame price.
G. \V. « C. UNION MADE CARPENTER OVERALLS
—Mudo from an oxtra heavy white
duck with doublo knees, all seams
reinforced, t-omplete with all wanted prickets. Sizes 34 An Rf
to 44,    Prico  9**. tO
KHAKI  COMBINATION OVERALLS
—Mudo from a Btout khaki duck of
splendid wearing quality; out full for
perfect comfort; all seams double
stitched. Sizes 34 to 46. *-hn Qf"
Price    WtiaiteJ
KHAKI COMBINATION  OVERALLS
—Made from a closely woven drill
in a nice weight for Spring wear,
comfortable fitting garments with all
seams double Bewn. An  CA
Sizes 34 to 46.   Price *V-M»0"
CARPENTERS' OVEIlALIjS
—These are B. C. made garments, exceptionally well made of R
stout white duck cloth. All Beams are double sewn, each garment being finished with double knees a,pd all the wanted pockets. Sizes 34 to 44.
Price   	
$2.25
fVME&Lfeqwqi;
The most Ignorant of men are the
"practical" people.—Richard Jefferies.
Poverty ls the parent of revolution
and crime.—Arlstole.
Help the press that's helping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade!
Why help it?
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP   THE    MOST   POPULAR
BRANDS   AT  THE   OOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-rEAROIJ)
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at sU Government Liquor Stores
Till idmtu.rn.iit It not pubUib.d er dliplwd ky th. Ll.nor OoitT.1 B__r_ .,
 by tin PoT.nu_.nt et Britub Oolumhu      ******** ***** **
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
° McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF   BRITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B C Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
JUST RECEIVED
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DELEGATION TO RUSSIA-234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations Price $150
Post Free. '
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL STREET, NANAIMO, B. C. Page Four
SEVENTEENTH Y I.Alt.    \'.,. 21
BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FMDAV..
..May  __,  1925
_wmme\wmmmmmmmMmwmmm
m
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite-
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
BOTH GROUPS ARE BEING EXPLOITED. BOTH ARE BEING ROBBED OF THE
FRUITS OF THEIR LABOR. BOTH ARE FEELING THE PINCH OF PRIVATION,
SOME OF ACTUAL DESTITUTION. FOR EVERY EFFECT THERE IS A CAUSE. WE
KNOW THE EFFECT; LET US SEEK THE CAUSE AND ERADICATE IT.
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
were .finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.
In spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
TELLING EXCERPTS
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
accounts:
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up against them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who are talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are continually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
PLAYING ONE AGAINST THE OTHER
The people who have been living off the farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the attention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmer's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower:
A RANCHER'S INVESTMENT
"* * * A rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyes
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
ean; money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
CO-OPERATION
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the benefits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid certain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contributing to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap the strength of the tree which shelters them."
FARMER AND INDUSTRIAL WORKER
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon the
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
THE FIRST STEP
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to run their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
LABOR WILL CO-OPERATE
We are quite sure that labor will meet them more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
WRITE THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. However, we are anxious for a discussion on this matter by the farmers, and we would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
ARTS AKO LETTERS CLUB
Supports Recital of Francis Callaghan—Piano and Vocal
Music,
T^HE Modern Arts and Letters club
is to be congratulated because of
Its postponing the regular meeting
of the club in order to support the
recital of Francis Callaghan, Canadian poet. The recital was held at
337 Hastings street west. The programme of poetical readings was enhanced by pianoforte solos by Mrs.
I-5J A. M, Winlow and the rendition of
two delightful numbers by Mies
Doris Davidson,  contralto.
Francis Callaghan, aged 23, has
published a little volume, "The Reed
and the Cross," ttyerson Press Limited, which caused this comment by
a prominent eastern critic: "The
rare music of his lyrics and the genuinely Celtic aklll of his cadenced
lines, have been achieved with a
minimum of self-consciousness, . , .
Considering his age and opportunities, Ills present achievement calls
for a stronger word than remarkable." In the reading of his own
work Monday night, Mr. Callaghan,
in spite of a certain nervousness
which prevented the full expression
of his feelings, gave his audience to
know that they were listening to
poetry rather than to verse of the
ordinary sort. In his Greek affinities and sheer love of beauty, he reminded his audience of Rupert
Brooke, whose boyish exuberance
charmed and captivated all who met
him. There waB displayed a promise
of some of the great qualities of
song which marks the work oi the
major poets.   In "Apollo Victus" and
C"*!ary -Magdalene," both dramatic
ems, Franciss Callaghan has caught
the Neo-pagan' spirit of the "western movement" ln Canadian literature as well as the mystical note
therein. He is not a drawing room
poet nor a purveyor of newspaper
or magazine verse a la mode. He
has the true poetic fire of genius.
We are proud to add his influence
to the literary work centred in Van'
couver and our western province.
Friends and members of the Mod
ern   Arts  and  Letters  club  will  do
well to watch for the announcement
of the next regular meeting of the
club, at the Women's buildi-ng, Thurlow street, on the evening of May
29th. Contemporary French literature will be the subject under discussion.
•Encouraging
Sign in a Chicago neighborhood restaurant: "Don't be afraid to ask for
credit. Our refusal will be polite."—
The Christian Register.
Peace is the happy natural state of
man; war his corruption, his disgrace.
—Thomson.
Timely Topics
»■—1—»■—t—
Taps Coal
IT is reported that coal has beel
tapped on the Pacific Great East*
ern railway, and, they say, there Is
great jubilation in the P.G.E. circles.
We cannot help but feel delighted
that they have something to feel
jubilant over. If the administration
would make a real attempt to capitalize the natural heritage that belongs to it inow—tho scenic beauty
—thero would be greater reason to
be jubilant than over the discovery
of something of which there is no
scarcity,
• •    *
Going Like Hot Cakes
The lots on the University hill
lands are selling most satisfactorily,
it is reported. If they are really
selling very satisfactorily, the government is to be congratulated. Government do so few things satisfactorily, as a rule, that this is a delightful change. We hope, however,
that the money they receive from
same will be disbursed with due consideration for the unfortunate taxpayer.
• •    *
In a Bad Way
The coal trade in England is in
a bad way. Only pride prevents the
coal owners applying for the dole,
and the middleman's stark eyes
stare straight to the work house as
the last hope. We can't blame thom
for befng anxious to avoid such a
fate. The workers ltyiow from experience that there is nothing alluring about the whole affair.
■
A Uttle Different
According to an American press
message, Dean Inge, speaking at Baltimore, has been praising the
Churchill budget, but denouncing
"the British system of taxation
which forces one-sixth of the population to pay a five-sixth's levy."
That, he suys, is confiscation. But
tho fact that 60 per cqpt. of the
capital wealth of the country is In
(he hands cf one per cent, of the
population naturally evaded the observant eye of the fat men's dean.
*    *    *
.Tlie Usual Text
Winston Churchill's favorite scripture text: "To him that hath shall
be given, and from him that hath
not shall be taken away evon that
which he hath."
Manifesto and Platform
—OP THE—
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
T-HE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of  wealth   production.
Private ownership of the means of wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
country—the ruling elass.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj tbe working class.
The large majority of the people—the working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel
open to .hem, i.e., by selling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they can do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
"ass from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is the motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of the land and the machinery with which he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propcrtylesB
wage-worker. The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces belongs to the party employing him or her. The farmer converts Kis
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), whieh he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into the hands of
thc* capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as Burely and completely as does the product of the labor of the wage-worker, which he
(the wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of the day.
The production and distribution of the things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires the
active cooperation of practically all the productive forees in society;
social produetion has superseded individual production. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of thingB collectively
produced and collectively used. Tho need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of produetion.
The present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of thc workers through its control of
the powers of thc state. This present system of government is controlled by the same class which controls the industries and hence
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of the
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working class can not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the
powers and functions of the state. This can be accomplished in thia
country by taking advantage of our political privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies. The working class itself must be its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of the development of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forces that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if the entire government was within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. We therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
5
•*
.«
'\
Orpheum Hi**** Comic Opera
The Brandon comic operu company
opened tlie summer season of comic
opera at the Orpheum on Monday
night with tlie Bernard Shaw vat.*
rival comedy "The Chocolate Soldier".
The enthusiastic reception gruoted t'nis
excellent company hy Vancouver's
music lovers bespeaks a splendid
season of light opera.
The offering next week Is "The
Bohemian Girl," starting Monday,
May 2Cth. with regular matinees on
Wednesday and Saturday and a special holiday matinee on Monday.
"The Bohemian Girl" ls hy Michael
William Balfe, and is one of the most
colorful and tuneful of all light operas. The music flows without ceasing. It gurgles and chortles. It sobs
and sighs in the smoothest, simplest
and easiest way. The libretto has all
tiie necessities of opera, gypsies and
stolen children, sad and noble noblemen and people like the gypsy queen,
who I'or the sake of the finale, must
be thwarted. The song hits are known
to every family where good music is
fostered and appreciated. Such gems
as "I Dreamt I Dwelt In Marble
Halls," "The Heart Bowed Down."
"Then You'll Remember Me" and
"The Fair Land of Poland' are over
new and ever beautiful.
Following "The Bohemian Girl"
comes Gllberl and Sullivan's "Pirates
of Penzance" and a now one cacii
week through the summer. Brandon
brothers fire providing n. Wonderful
treat for tho theatregoers of Vancouver.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working elass, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content to .
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
which the fluctuation of that market entails.
The present productive forces of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but the present system of produetion   \ I
and appropriation denies to the great mass of the people the bare      '
necessities of life.   While the few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are done to death by slow starvation.   Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action.
Class ownorship of the means of production • fclass appropriation of
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of their labor.
•Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropriation of that which is socially produced, is the only means to end exploitation.
In the foregoing we have given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of the basis of present-day society.
The Fcderatod Labor party as a socialist party holds that the difficulties which the working class is laboring under can only be removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims.
By working class we mean all of the people who must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support.
The function of the party is to organize and educate the workers
ulong political lines as the surest and safest way to get control of the
powers of government. Once having secured that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes come slowly as the people learn slowly and to try and
force changes before the mass of the people are ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before the workers ean advance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and the best way to create that confidence is by contesting the election to every elective ofdce.
On the platform, around the council table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the passing of such reforms as the
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, but
our ultimate goal is the socialist state.
(■
[mm
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABKISTERS,  SOLIOITOES, ETO.
401*408 Metropolitan Bulldlni
837 Haitingi St. W.,  VAHOOUVEB, B.O.
Telephones: Seymoar 6668 Md 6667
JTrfttratrft ffiahor ipartg of S.QL
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP
/, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Parts and agree to be governed bs the
Constitution thereof.
Name	
Address    	
Phone No _ Occupation 	
Proposed feji	
Date _. _. _...	
I

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