BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Mar 15, 1918

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345230.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345230.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345230-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345230-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345230-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345230-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345230-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345230-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345230-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345230.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 11
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF* LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 15, 1918
POLITICAL UNITY:   VT0TOB1
PttttD    $1.50 PER YEAR
IN MS OF
Continual Growth of Union
Strength   In   and
Around City
Interesting    News   From
Active Members of Organized Labor
Pressmen
The Pressmen had a good meeting,
reports Bro. Shannon. Thoy have taken
in fivo new members, apprentices, recently, and the union is now drawing
up a now scale for job pressmen.
Sawyers and Filers
Twelve new members were admitted
and many applications receivod at a
well-attended meeting, nine-hour day
at ton hours' pay and Saturday afternoon off hus boon granted by the employers.
Plumbers
The Plumbers, says Businoss Agent
Cowling, adhiitted twelvo new membors
at a good mooting. The $6 wage scale
for which thoy aro negotiating is expected   to   be   granted   without   any
trouble.
m
Warehousemen
Businoss. agont of Warehousemen reports a good meoting hold at which six
now membors woro elected. . Tho direc-»|
tors of the Labor Templo have boon in*
vited to speak bofore tlj* union at the
next meeting.
Sheet Metal Workers
An incrcaso of 50 eonts por day iB
boing asked for by tho Sheet Metal
Workers, according to tho presidont.
The agreement calls for $5.50 per day,
to go into effect on May 1. No troublo
is anticipated.
Musicians
The Musicians had an enthusisatic
mooting Sunday at which twolvc now
members were admitted, says Business
Agont Jamieson. Tho union is planning a big bonefit concert to aid re
turned soldiers.
Amalgamated Engineers
Bro. Hndnwny of tho Amalgamated
Engineers reports a good.meeting, with
four new members and threo applications. The New Westminster members
are asking for 70 cents an hour. All
members working.
aas Workers
Tho Gas Workers' union, says Secretary Martin, is making remarkable
progress. Eight now membors wore admitted and threo upplications received
at tho lust mooting. A wage scale is
boing drawn up.   All members working.
Upholsterers Organize
The second mooting of tho Upholster
ors was held Tuesday and final organi
nation perfected, T*ho union takes in
UpholBterers, trimmers, shaders, mat-
trcssmen, carpotmea and wire-weavers.
Another meeting will bc hold next Tuesday in Boemjiai.
Garment Workers
Miss G iitteridgo, president of the
Garment Workors, reports two new
moinbers'and the starting of an nctive
union label campaign. Committees will
visit all unions and the shipyards in an
endeavor to create a greater demand
for union-mndo overalls.
Signalmen
Signalmen are unorganized and working twelve hours a dny, 365 days in the
year, at $75 por month. They have
made application to tho G. N. R, officials for a raise of wages from $75 to
$05 per month, and reduction of hours
tonight hours a day. It is likoly that
they will organize with the Mninton-
ance-of-wtiymen's union.
Marine Firemen and Oilers
Business Agont Haley of tho Marine
Firemen and Oilers reports seventeen
new members in tho past two weeks,
Tho union affiliated with the Trades
Council this week aftor an interesting
talk from Presidont Kelly. Tho union
in making grenter progress than was
expected of it. All membors are working.
Machinists, No. 777
Bro. Boomer of the Machinists reports a good moot tng, with twelve admissions to membership. Tho ladies'
auxiliary is in a fair way to bo launched. Favorable action is oxpected at
the next -meeting on the election campaign fund. A committoe of three—
•T. Sutherland, G. Knowlton and .T.
Wnine, wero appointed to look into the
matter of Labor (Temple shares,
Boilermakers
Business Agent Carmichncl says the
Boilermakers nre still waiting thc outcome of the shipynrd commission's investigation. Bro. Joe field of Portland
wns a visitor to the meeting in connection with the 'Frisco conferonco. Bros.
M. A. McBochorn, T, A. Moore and
T. Fox were elected to attend the conforonco. Twenty-five now members
were admitted.-
Steam and Operating Engineers
Anothor bat«h of now members wore
admitted to the organization of Steam
nnd Operating Enginoers at last meeting, says Business Agont Aloscandor.
Favorable action Js oxpected on tho
oight-hour-day amendment for engineers
in tho province, according to reports
from members of tho provincial house.
A petition for n separate charter for
hoisting .engineers is being circulated
in the union.
Barbers
"The Barbers havo boen obliged to
get a larger hall in tho Labor Temple,
on account of their growth," reports
tho president of that organizntion. Two
now member's were admitted nnd tfiroo
applications received. An nmcndrtierit
to tho constitution is boing voted upon,
for the purposo of placing nil membors,
serving in the army, in good standing
and full benefits providing they rejoin
tho union within six months after their
rqjurn nnd nro in good health,'
WHIST DRIVE AND DANOE
LABOB TEMPLE TONIGHT
To, Be Held Under the Auspices of
the   Women's   Minimum
Wtjo League
The. Women's Minimum Wage Leag%e
is giving a St. Patrick's waist drive
and dance tonight (Friday) in the
Labor Temple. There are four prizes
for the whist drive, and a large num*
ber of people are expected.
last regular meeting of the
amendment was made to the
m  for   membership   making
e wives of working men.
Wbership   has   grbwn   very
t has not only a great many
i Vancouver, bat a number
^Btminstor and dther places.
-mended tho constitution to
Evives of workingmen, it is
fc; workingmen wai use their
&nce to get their wives to
■L nidation.
"When the 'Boys' Oome Home"
If, as the daily press says, 20,000 returned soldiers are due to return to
British Columbia between now and Juno
1, thoro need bo no fear of tho war profit ghouls importing hordes of coolie,
labor.   That will help somo. '
E
Agencies Refuse to Meet the
Minimum Wage Demand
of Mechanics
Auto mechanics in five Vancouver
shops aro on strike for an increase in
wages. The shops affected aro the For-
guson-Higmun Motor Co., Sullivan Taylor Motor Co., Universal Cnr Co., Dixon
Motors, Ltd., and tho Gray-Dort Motor
Sales Co. All firms in the city with
the exception of the Ford agencies
signed tho new wago agreement. The
union presented a sliding scalo to the
Ford agencies asking for 65c per hour
for first-class mechanics, 55c for socond-
class mechanics and 40c for apprentices.
The mon wont out on s|riko Monday
and on Wednesday throe of the firms
woro ready to capitulate, but had decided at the commencement of the dispute to act in conjunction with the
othor Ford agoucies.
Yesterday morning a private meeting of tho nbove fijms took place and
thoy finally agreed that they would
grant 05 cents to first-class mechanics,
would pay whatever thoy had a blind
to ,presumably 25 cents to 35 cents an
hour, to their other help, would not
recognize tho union and would only
take back whom thoy had a mind to.
This ultimatum wus presented to the
strikers who forthwith decided to flght
it out to a finish.
L. A. Dixon, of the Dixon Motor Co.,
is alleged to be the most aggressive of
the firms affected, but tho union men
arc of thc opinion that ho cannot hold
the other firms to his point of viow and
that they will sign up early next week.
Tho scab agencies will receivo duo
attention from organizod Labor during
tho coining wook.
Loto Inst night it was roported thrtt
Forgo son-Higm on Motor Co. would arrange a settlement with the striking
union men, this morning.
Dispute Between I.M.B. and
Men Expected to Be Decided in a Few Days
VICTORIA, March 14.—Tho sittings
of the royal commission of Judge Murphy, as chairman; Gordon J. Kolly,
presidont of the Trades and Labor
Council of Vancouver, aa representing
the men in thc shipbuilding yards, and
J. Tonkin of the Imperial Munitions
Board, as represcntatiing the I. M. B,
have now commenced to decide as to
the dispute over the 10 per cent, raise
in wages demanded by the men as a
purt of their agreement with the I. M,
B. when it agreed to abide by the do-
cisimi of thc U. 8. wage adjustment
board and apply the wagos set by that
bo&fd in the northwest stntes hi British Columbia yards. As already published on several occasions, the men
mako the claim that tho 10 per cunt,
raise originally grunted as a "war premium" and afterward mnde a permnnent raise, should be applied in British
Columbia yards according to thc agreement of it. P. Butchart, representing
tho L M. B. On the other hnnd, Mr.
Butchart clnims that this 30 per cent,
is still to be considered in the nature
of a "wnr premium." Tho men did
not aak ior this raise during thc time
the U, S. adjustment board looked upon
it as a "wur premium" but when it
wns declared a permanent raise, the
shipyard mon of this province required
that tho I. M. B. apply it lfere in keeping with their promise to abide by the
U. S. adjustment board's decision. It
will be recalled that a general strike
In ull shipyards was determined upon
whon it was finally decided to await
a decision of the conciliation board. A
long-drawn-out inquiry is not expected,
as tho issue appears to be plain,
Victoria—Etghtoon hundred farmers residing In tho unorganised districts of tho provinco signed ii petition which was presented
to tho Icglsluturu requenting the government
tu remit ami abolish the surtax brought Into
tow Inst yoar by whioh taxation on lands In
unorganised districts was doubled.
OF
B. C. F. of L. Executive and
Railway Brotherhood
Act Jointly
Well Received and Cabinet
Seemed Apxious to Deal
With Proposals
[By A. B. Wells]
(Secretary-treasurer B. C. F. of L.)
Following correspondence between
railroad brothorhoods and- the executive
of the B, C, Federation of Labor, a
meeting of tho representatives of these
organizations was held on Monday afternoon, whon it was decided that they
would jointly Jay tho legislative proposals before the government.
On Tuesday morning the deputation
mot the governmont, the premier presiding.
The Federation was represented by
President D, McCallum, Vice-president
Mnrcus Martin, Nolson, nnd Secretary-
troasurer Wells.
The railroad b/otherhoods wero represented by T. L. Bloonler, vice-chairman B. C. Canadian legislative board
for the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen and Enginemen j T. L. Coughlin, chairman of the Dominion legislative board, and A, E. Solloway, secretary of tho provincial legislative board.
The deputation was recoived in a
manner which has not been tho case
in tho past, and after about a two-
hour session, on Tuesday, it wus suggested by the cabinot that there was
not sufficient time before tho house
sat to conclude tho discussion and that
an adjournment tnke place until Wednesday mornimj. This was done, tho
sitting boing continued until 1:30 p.m.
on Wednesday.
Evory itom was carefully gone into
and thoroughly discussed and tho deputation left with thevexprcssion of opinion that they could not have been better received^ or more consideration have
been givon them.
Discussing tho question of the protection of the longshore workers, Attorney-general Farris expressed himself
as being of the opinion that this came
within the scope of the Compensation
Aot commission and stated "that ho
would take the matter up .with tho
chairman of that commission.
Legislation covering the question of
a minimum wago for women was promised by Attornoy-general Farris.
Legislation for an oight-hour, bank
to -bank, law for metalliferous minors,
and for an eight-hour day for all employees around mines, mills, smelters,
etc., was also promised. Tho minister
■of mines stated that hrf had intended
tto introduce a new act entirely, covering the metalliferous mining industry,
but thnt time would not permit thia
nnd that tbe amendments nlong tho
lines outlined would bo introduced by
himself add tho attorney-general
Tho question of "company" towns,
tho Truck Act and thc Trespass Act
were fully gone into with Hon. T. D,
Pnttulo, minister of lauds, who pointed
out to the deputation that the difficulties in this case wero numerous, but
gave overy assurance that tho evils thnt
existed were recognized and that, as
soon as possible, they would be ro
moved.
Dr. King.and Dr. McLoan pointed
out thnt in connection with sanitary
condition**;, etc., in shipyards and industrial operations, that this enmo under
the control of tho city authorities, but
that in the unorganized districts sani-
tury conditions in industry were under
tho provincial authority, nnd assured
the delegation thnt they were taking
steps to soe that, proper sanitary Tcgula*
lotions would be maintained, as fnr ns
provincial .regulation could -cover .the
situation, but that in the -organized
districts the remedy rested with tho
civic authorities.
At tht close of the meeting tho premier thanked thc deputation and promised that while they were very busy
and eould not probably introduce all
the legislation they would like to, at
the present session, thut they would
givo the proposals, every consideration.
The different ministers promised to
lot the fleerctary of the Foderation,
from timo to time, know what progress was being made and what action
the government would tako, if any, on
the propotmls submitted.
Meantime, tho executive of the Federation hns boon nsked to supply the
government with information covering
certain paints in the legislation nsked
for.
Following is u list of thc proposals
submitted:
LONGSHOREMEN TIE UP
WORK ON WATERFRONT
Arrest of Mux Snspaettd of Being a
Draft Evador (taunt
Trouble
Military.authorities arrested a member of the Longshoremen'b union at the
docks last Saturday, suspecting him of
being a draft evader. The Longshore-
men took exception to the aetion and
walked off the job, tieing np all work
on the waterfront.
Shortly afterwards the authorities
found out that they had made a mistake and released the man, bnt the
Longshoremen, having adjourned to
their headquarters to discuss the matter
of having their members continually
pulled off the job as suspects, decided
to continue the strike till Sunday eve*
ning to show their objection to such
actions of the authorities.
At a largely-attended meeting on
Sunday the men decided upon a line
cf action if tho authorities take any
more men off the docks in connection
ith the Military Service Act.
FEDERAL OAMPAION
COMMITTEE TO MEET
Will Try to Devise Ways and Means
for tbe Clearing of the
' Deficit
Tho local federal campaign committee is asked to meet on Tuesday evening, March 19, at a o'clock, iat Labor
Temple, to arrango for a whist drive
nnd dance, to raise funds to help clear
up tho federal election campaign deficit. All mombors are earnestly requested to attend.
Notice to Advertisers
On and after April fith advertleinK
rates ln The Fedsrationlit will bo
materially Increased. This ho-
cause of Increased cost of production due, ln part, to increased
circulation.
It.  PARM.  FBTTIPIEOE.
Manager
Vancouver. Fob 28,, 1918.
. LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS
Submitted by tlie Britiah Columbia Itadtra-
tton of Labor to the Gonrnnwat
of British Columbia
Department of Labor
• 'I'hi'   geparafkui   uf   thin   df-jiartmpal   frniu
that of th« attorney-Ren oral,   and  lho -enm-
tlon of a separate portfolio for the inihlntnr
of Labor,
Electoral Beforma
Proportional rnpromintatlon, and the Kftajp-
ItiK   of  a) n sit til en ri.*.
Amendment*! to thd Provincial Klectiont;
Act, to provido for Die use nf thn frnnchine
by nil voters, whellier they arc resident iu
the conntltnency In which thoy nre registered
Or not.
To provido fnr at Jonst two monlliR to
elapNf, between th; dlKtwlutlon of parliament
ana the elect ions. tlmt. 11 i-|n*nnl court of
revision be held on the 1st day of the second
month  following dinNolutioii.
To abolish  tho present .tyatem of ebctlon
deposits.
Municipal
To abnlJKh the present property qualifications, for Lho -holding of public otters.
To provide for tho extension of the franchise, to All bona Me. resld <nts, without the
payment of the prosent house holders' tax, by
municipal electors who are not property holders*
Enforcement of Labor Legislation
The strict enforcement nf the Conl Alines,
and Metalliferous Mines Acts, the Fflctnrica
Act, the Shops llegnlntinn Act, nntl other
legislation perlnlnlntf to the welfare of Die
workers.
AmoDdment to tho Factories Act
To prevont tho use of blMOtnOfltS, nr rooms
below the ptreet level ns offices for the production of printed matter, or for the setting
1 typ-.
Minimum Wage Legislation
.An   art  to   provide   n  minimum   wage   of
j.1.60 per day for nil adult workers working
(Continued on ntigo S)
E
Met Government Members
Last Tuesday and En-
£   tered Objections
Meetings   Bringjng   Good
Results in Forming
Organization
/
Finally Make the Admission
That More Than Half of
Miners Are Coolies
VICTORIA, March 13.—Judging by
the fuss the coal operators havo made
about tho oight-hour day proposal by
the •government, in mines, the government thought it hnd tetter .put a stop
to tho Hawthornthwaito bill for a genoral eight-hour day or it would havo
the whole capitali*^ system down upon
at, which would »Mtor do; according to
the way government's perform at the
will of capitalists those days, A deputation of coul operators culled on tho
ministor of bancs nnd attorney-general
on Tuesday und, iu course of the conference, they made thc ndmission, so
generally denied bofore, thnt 52^ por
cont. of the labor in Vancouver Island
conl mines is Chinese coolio. The operators claimed they wore unable to
replace this coolio labor, which statements bring smiles to tho faces of- coul
minors who were literally driven out of
thc coal camps of the Island a few
years ago, evidently so tho operators
could supply their places wilh Oriental
labor which could bo had a whole lot
cheaper. Tho operators declared that
coal to consumers is going to advance
to $10 or $10.50 anyway, irrespective
of the act; and that In its practice the
uct will serve to decrease production,
whereas tho Dominion fuel controller is
"screaming" for increased coal production west of the Grout Lakes to offset
threatened coul shortage in the  oast.
ALL JOIN IN "DRILL,
YE TERRIERS, DRILL''
Bdwnntoii.— "The'paraiuonut dray trt eur
people ill the prosont time ns citizens uf
Canada Is to increase production," deelareri
I'remi.T Htewnrt in tho Albert* legislature,
whon laying boforo the house a reaiimq uf the
proceedings of the conference nt Ottawa between thi provincial premiere nnil ihe mouthers OJt tho Until ini .in got'crumcii/.—Dnity
Pross.
But thJHj dear reader, is not meant
to include the real estate shark, tho
food gamblers in the stock ewhungo,
the travelling snleslucii, the boardwalk
juhnnic*., the boards of trail*, membership,, or tho pnmpered parasites of
financial magnates' families. The wage-
worker is merely wanted to gtsoduoe
more, so that tho above-mentioned gentry cun aflfl.to their bursting holik accounts or to tho chances of cute lung
ii sucker with a little rcudy cash.
MANAGER-EDITOR POR A
LABOR PAPER WANTED
District 18, TJ. M. W. of A., To RMnr-
rect The District Ledger This
Time at Calgary
Tho coal miners of District la,
United Aline Workers of America, embracing it jurisdiction covering southeastern British Columbia, Alberta and
Saskatchewan, fcavc evidently decided
to resurrect The .District Ledger as an
official organ. The Lodger was founded
by R. T. (Col.) Low cry at Fernie some
seven or eight years ngo and soon nfter
if. became the property of lho District
orgnnizntion of thc conl miners. They
sunk something like 430,000 in tho project and soon after tbe outbreak of wur
The Ledger suspended publication,
About the stunt! tint* the miners derided to move Iheir district headquarters to Calgary. At the recent Fornie
convention the question of again publishing The Lodger, this timo at Cnlgary, was discussed, and, judging from
the classified, miblishod elsewhere in
this issue uf The Federationist, the
oxocutlvo is already looking for tin odl-
tor-mnnnger.
This o.ight to be perfectly easy, ns,
from personal experience, tho writer is
ware that more than 8,000 of his
renders know better how n Labor pnper
should bo conducted than the present
incumbent. Here, at nny rate, iH un
opportunity for at least one ox them.
Don't all Bponk at onco)
Federated Labor Party To
Function Solely on
Behalf of Labor
Labor in British Columbia is moving,
forward faster today than at any other
time in its history. B. 0. has within
its borders a greater number of class-
conscious workers than any other province in the Dominion, and, with tho
advent of the Federated Labor Party,
these workers aro enabled to stand together in a solid phalanx against the
common enemy. Its platform iB broad
though small. It covers all that the
workers can desire. Its constitution
and teylftWB QAimot be. used to divide
the workers and expel those who cannot seo eye to eye with its officials.
Thero is room for nil in the ranks,
no matter what their position in society. If they are agreed that a revolutionary change is the only thing that
will be of bonefit to the working class,
then the F. L. P. welcomes them. Thc
majority will rule and if the majority
of wage-workers 'are not wise enough
to look after their own interests then
they are certainly entitled to all the
kicks and cuffs that the employing
class can band to them.
Lnbor parties have been Inunchod before nnd have gone to pieces, but this
one has jumped into the* broach on tho
demands of a great many B. C. workors
for a live, aggressive und stimulating
working-clnss political party.
Will Oo in to Win
Tho F. L. P. will go into all future
political campaigns to win. Evory effort will bc put forth to elect its candidates. Nothing will be loft undone.
Labor candidates will be placed In
evory constituency possible and the
support of all workers will be asked in
an effort to olect its mon and womon.
Its membership will bo after votos in
nn election campaign,
sense to talk otherwise.
That the interost is growing day by
day can-bo seen by'the fololwing activities:
E. T. KingBley, J. H. Hawthornthwaite, W. E. Trottor and R. P. Potti-
piece spoke to a big audionce in New
Westminster last Saturday and the
foundation for a big branch of the
party was lnid as a result. Fifty-three
members joined and several signifiod
their intention of going about to husllo
up'new membors.
ALB. OEO. B. CABET '
V+ce-pretiident of the Federated Labor Party
for Prince Rupert dlatrlct. and an old-tlma
Rossland trude unionist, who feu been an
active participant in the Labor (movement
tn th: Northern Metropolis for some years.
Farmers in Honest John's
Constituency Leavihg
for Peace River
South Vancouver Meeting
A mooting of South Vancouver mom'
bers of tho F. L. P. for organization
purposes takes place at municipal hail
on Friday, March 22, at 8 p.m. Vice-
president Neelands will bo in the chair
and other, officers of thc provincinl
committee will bo prosont.
Thc platform will be occupied by
local members. A regular "round-up"
of tho presont South Vancouvor membership is certain and nil prospective
members will be given nn opportunity
to complete their membership before
the -branch elects its officers.
South Wellington and Nanalmo
Dr. W. .T. Curry will speuk in South
Wellington Sunday nftornon and Nanaimo Sunday evening. His subject
will be "Thc Socinl Bo volution." Both
these places intend to hold regular
meet, igs and speakers willing to (ill in
a date at theso places can communicate
with J. Hodgkiuson, 031 FitzwilHam
street, Nanaimo.
Arranging Several Meeting
.Felix Pezorilj vice-president of the
Kootenay (south) district, is arranging
for meetings in llosslund, Trail, Kuslo
and SandbUi He has already succeeded
in organizing branches in New Denver,
Silverton und Nelson.
'.Word comos from W. H. Maroon, Alberni, for application blanks and literature, for thc purpose of organizing in
thut loculity. J. IL Unwthonithwaite
has promised to speak there in the near
future. •
Word From Prince Bupert
(leo. B. Casey,   Prince  Rupert,   arranged for u meeting for last Tuesday
nn.I word is eipectod of a big meeting
there.
"Our new party seems U» he the one
{he people were wanting," write) Thus,
iltdbcrts, Nelson. He Bonds hi #B6 to
puy the per capita on GO members. Ha
ulw. advises Secretary Trotter that Nol-
sun will have the finest Labor Temple
in the interior in winch to hold meetings, It will sett 400 people nmd Ihey
will make good use of it for future
campaigns.
"A Slave of the Tarm"
T.'B. Miles, farmer, of White Man's
Creek, who designates hinself as a
"slawc of the farm," says he "wants
to get his feet, wet" nnd sends in for
u litiwh of applications. Considerable
support is expected from the farmers
ia the noxt olection, as they seohi to
be coming to the conclusion, in groat
numbers, that their interests arc with
the proftucors of wealth.
At a time when Premier John Oliver's
aggregation   of   legislators   are   busy
wearying the olectorato of British Columbia with spoechog covering the mis
givings nnd wrongdoings of tho preceding got'orrluent at Victoria, and who
havo  heen  tolling the same audience
what wondorful things they woro going
to do in the mntter nf'n land settlement
policy, settlers are busy moving out of
Honest John's vory own constituency,
Dewdnoy, a district by the way, that
old John has failed to visit since he
was elected.   They are leaving for the
Peace River country in  northern Alberta.   One of the Dewdnoy settlors, at
least,  has been bucking tho gamo of
trying to make a living on a British Co-
It is all noiwhtmnbia farm for thc InBt ton years. An
expenditure  of less than $3000 on n
road, graded high enough to keep out
water during hi|h-water periods, would
have prevented thc Iosb of such valuable
settlers to British Columbia, und induced others to :come 'into the district,
But not so with Honest-isn ^-he-awfnl
John!    He and his colleagues aro so
frightfully busy trying to devise ways
and means of staying in office that they
really haven't tim« to seriouBly look
after the interests of their respective
constituents.   It docs seem quoer to see
a government juggling with a "land
policy" whilo British Columbia settlors
arc busy moving out of the province.
Speaker'fcfen of the House
UpheHfs Premier Oliver's Point
Government Throws Obstacle in Way of Working
Class BiD
If one searches long enough, and far
enough, one may find precedent, rulo
aud regulation for about any old thing
—ii one be so disposed. That seemed
to be the situation in Victoria when
the speaker of the legislature, John?
Keen, member for Kasto, shut out, on
the suggestions of John Oliver, the
premier, the general eight-hour-day bill
by which J. H. Hawthornthwalte, the
sole representative of the working class
in the house, sought to have the legislature enaet a law making eight hours
the standard day's work in this prov*
ince. In spite of the fact that all big
industries, and most governments, recognize eight hours as*long enough for
the average human slave to work, the
premier of this province sought successfully to have tho Hawthornthwaite measure headed off by rule. The speaker
did not give an immediate decision on'
tho premier's point, which was that it
"interfered with legislation the government already had brought in," but
ho gave his decision on Tuesday. And
it was what was expected. It was in
favor of the Oliver contention.
Ono doesn't have to search very hard
to find why Oliver is opposed to an
eight-hour dny. He iB a farmer. And
who hasn 't, at somo period of hiB life,
worked on a farm? And who doesn't
remember gotting up with the chickens
and going to bed way after every last
chicken on the ranch had long before
tucked his head under his wing and was
away off to slumber so as to get an
early start at sunup. The farmers
work their hired man from sunup and
let him quit when the sun goes down—
if it goes down early enough. If not,
then the hired man works till he has
to quit from sheer exhaustion. It is
prairie farmers, and not a few local
farmers, who are pressing the federal
government to bring Chinese coolio
lubor into th^e country, the principal
reason being the average white man
nowadays doesn't hnve to break his
bnck with hard work and long hours
on somebody's farm where he nevor
can do enough to suit the average farm-
Electors Turn Down City
Council and Scabs Are
Turned Loose
Edmonton's referendum on tho question of reinstating the union fire brigade and dismissing the imported chief
went in favor of the union by a large
majority, and it is now up to the mayor
and a number of the- aldermen to rP"
sign.
ho council only decided to rofer the
question to the electors after the city
' mis, Including the Street Railway
Employeos, had voted in favor of a general strike. More votes were cast, on
the referendum Iliau in lho municipal
lection in December, nnd the dty coun-
il was tamed down by 0339 to 2250.
Tho city conncil has been doing the
wrong thing quite busily since it was
(dotted. It, for instance, endeavored
to make compulsory the taxation of Improvements although the plebiscite
taken in December showed thai the peo
pie wanted tfl retain the municipal single
tux on land values. On Feb. J, Chief
Davidson ami a bunch of scabs walked
nUi the h:i.llfi as the firemen walked
out. Now the operation 1ms been re-
rturii by order of the electors.
John Oliver is a ■ farmer.    He has
been nothing else for many yeu/s.   Ho
works long hours himself, and wants
everybody elso to.   So it was only natural that he should bc an opponent of
u reasonable working day.   Oliver, by
the way, might look round him at some
of his lazy ministers of the crown—
somo%iio do not answer correspondence,
for iastunce-*iund see what  time  thoy
| get down  to work in the morning and
j what time Ihey knock off for tho day.
I IL* will find tlmt none of them puts in
o reasonable shift for tho big puy the
| public hns fo give them because  they
elected   them   to  office.    It  cannot  be
said of Oliver, however, that he works
short hours.    Those  who  have  visited
Victoria lately say that Oliver goes to
work not exactly when the cock crows,
but ho gets there pretty early, and, ho
is oither too big and slow to leave off
work for the day, or he is just naturally in the old form habit of working as .
long as he possibly can.   If the newly-
elected farmer-premier will just size up
his own condition of health it will m>
an  argumont   in   favor  of   a   genernl
eight-hour duy, for himself us well ns
evorybody else.   Ho is reported to bo
aging fast, he    walks    with the slow
trundle of u duck, and he is becoming
hysterical.   In the debate on the speech
from the throne the other day he quit
after about an hour from sheer exhaustion of his vocal powers by reason of
aot being in good physical shape. Long
hours will "get" Oliver or any other
man, for all Thomas A. Edison's Btate*
ments  thut  six hoars' sleep is enough
for any man.   Edison may sny that but
he doesn't sny how long a man may be
expected to toil and keep iu good physical condition.
NcImui. B. 0j—Mora than 1000 <>f tl»' io.-
000 momben tf tl.-• Brotherhood "f Railroad
Triiimni'ii linvn cnltitflt) in tin- iinny nr navy
nt ('uiimln  .mil  tho   I'liitt-.l  Htntc*.  acrorillrijf
in ii letter whirii Iibn baon rofiolved in nyi
ion from .iHiiirit Murdoch, vlccprrtiid 'lit ut
Hu- urtniii/iiliiiii. \>y Alex. HuIIhtIkthI. a Nr-1-
v.-n   mi J mm!  limn
BABIES DIED AT A
HUNDRED A WEEK
An Awful Slaughter of Innocents In
Canada Under the Rule of
Capitalism
Montreal.—Itahloa  .lird in  Montreal  Ini!
vciir lit thc nn* .if fine hundri'i] » w ch, ami
OVOP HO nor rent, nf thn total tlcnthft In tills
city wire infii'i**. iirconllnir tn n itntotnont
miiflc tiy Dr. tt'. W. OMinimn,' in nn sddroM
tn tin- women of Cirri*t ehurrli  rnth -drnt-MHi
"Tha Infant Soldiers.*!—Dally Prow.
The  majority of   these   babies,   no
oiibt,  died   through  starvation,  while
t  the same time the factories, ware*
ho.i80S und stores are full to the "ver-
owing.     The    rest    probnldy    died
ihrotign lack of modical attendance, be-
causo the parents were too poor to provide   for such  service.      Yes,  by nil
»3CflnJ Jet the prosont master clnss rule!
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY. Match 17—Saw Filers
Association.
MONDAY, March 1«—Machinists
No. 720, Boiler Mnkers, Hteain
Emrinooni, Eloctrical Workers,
Tailors' Executive.
TUESDAY, March  19—ButcllOM
nnd Meat Sutlers, Bookbinders,
Railway  Firemen.
"WEttNEKDAY, March 20—Metal
Trades Council, Teamsters and
Chauffeurs, Ennndry Wngon
Drivers, Brewery Workers.
THUBSDAY, March 21—Trades
and Labor Couneil, Maintenance of Wnymen.
PBIDAY, March 22—Plumbers,
Pile Drivers and Wooden
Hridgebuilders, Shipyard Laborers. Mill ond Factory Workers. Warehousemen; Cyoks.
Waiters nnd Waitresses.
VETERAN M
Miserable Wages Paid to a
Veteran Turns Him
Into Criminal
At the request of Calgary Trades and
[jihor Council the following communication is boing sent out to all like
bodies in the country:
"Frank Wilson, u returned veternir,
who has beep employed in the Calgary
postoffice -for six mouths past, was sentenced to three years in the penitentiary on Feb. 5, for the theft of threes
letters containing 40.75,   Wilson is re*
Sorted to have not fully recovered from
is services overseas.
"""At the last regnlnr meeting of thu
trades council the executive was instructed to ask for yun co-operation in
an appeal to the minister of justice to
li ti V*- this sentence revoked.
"We would also draw your attention
to the salaries paid in this department.
Wilson received #18,00 per week and is
a married man with three of a family.
A glance ut the l.alior (inzettc for Jtltt-
uury, 1918, will fdiow that lho cost of.
living for an average family such 88)
his is $19.78 per W*ok (this does not
include clothing, medical nt ton tion,
dr.iga, etc.). Wo therefore suggest that:
Q strong protest be made ngainst the
ridiculously low wnges pnid in the civil
service, as undoubtedly this was a contributing factor to the downfall of Wilson. Yours fraternally, J, E. Young'.
socrotary, Calgary Trndes and Labor
Council." PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY March 15, 1918
Astoria Shoes for Men
In Spring Styles
At $8.50, $9 and $9.50
Every man will buy a new pair of Boots for spring
wear, and there are hundreds of men who will demand "Astorias," for that brand stands for all that
is newest and best in footwear of quality.
This is to announce the incoming of the spring
shipment of the Astoria Shoes—the best shoe made
in Canada, and the best shoe value obtainable.
Per pair, $8.50, $9.00 and $9.50
MOSp&son'sBauConipans. M
V.»    _) iatowaa.au   u/o      n___ I umiJaT itmm can mm dm* ( ^__y  J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Your leetfy Have Sevetal Motions
—just "bite" on them and see how w^iy.'
In doing dental work I pay special attention to having your teeth adjusted so as to onablo every motion of theiteethto havo maximum effect.
That means a study of the shape of tho jaw—the consideration of any
irregularities or peculiarities of your natural tooth on tho corresponding
set. etc.
Now, you understand something of the need of individual treatment of
each case—a practice I always follow.
Lot mo examine your toeth, ndvise you and explain my careful nnd painstaking methods.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist   '
602 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
X-Bay fllm taken If dms*
uxj;    10-yiM   (uxutMi
flvu.
PHOMB SET. 8981
Examination!   nude   on
phon* appointment!.
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE	
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office: Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:   407 Granville Si  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great EasternaRailway
WELTON BLOCK    -    VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AOENT OB WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENOEE AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W„ VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2483
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFIT-.
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
========= [By J. B.] ====:
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
The Point of View
It is vory good for ua to discover
another point of view. It helps us to
cultivate sympathy and imagination,
tho lack ot' which is the cause of all
cruelty.
In two English letters, which arrived
lately, the British workman was described from tho bourgeois point of
view.
In one letter the writer complained
tlmt people in England were going to
bc rationed, and that it was all the
fault of the working men who wero
earning huge wages, and eating enormously, and living extravagantly in
in every way.    That is news indeed.
Thore is one thing sure, no matter
how high wages go up food goes up
out of all proportion, so that in times
of prosperity the worker is worse.off
than in ordinary times. Besides, what
a strange idea it is that the worker
who creates everything is only entitled
to the most meagre diet while it is
tho privilege of the parasite to gorge.
The writer of the letter simply lives
to cat and does nothing elso:
These aro the people who think a
worker should be able to generate energy for liia work without tho aid of
food at all, It is what the Germans
expect of their prisoners.
It is what one man expected of his
horse, but whon ho had cut the horse's
ration down to ono straw a day the
stupid animal died.
The writer of the othor letter says:
1 (The chief profiteers here are the
workingmen, they have wrung increase
after increase of wages from the government, and it is owing to this in
great measure that prices are so high.''
That is surely patting tho cart before
the horse!   He continues:
"The increase in tho workers' wages
represents one thousand million pounds
a year. Ono workman was summoned
for ovading tho income tax and his income was over nine hundred pounds
a year."       a
How marvelous that only one workman tried to evado tho income tax
when the millionaires have been ovading it with a very fair measuro of success for as long as we can remember.
It is cheering to learn that tho workers have wrung increase after increase
out of the govornment; we hopo and
pray that they may keep on wringing
and that they may eventually bo able
to keep a fraction of the increase for
themselves instead of having to pass
it on to the combines that have raised
tlie price of everything out of all proportion to the rise in wages.
The Tide
There will alwaya be some mossback
trying to sweep back the tido, but as
a speaker, at a suffrage meoting truly
remarked: "Time will remove the moss-
back from your path, you do not need
to worry about him."
Present day mossbaeks are wasting
their timo and strength trying to sweep
back the tido of internationalism, but
us it has all tho forces of evolution
behind it we have no need to vrorry
over their puny efforts.
Capitalism is already international.
Miss Jane Adams says: Existing commerce has long reached its international
stage, but the socialists are making
nlmost the sole attempt to preach a
morality sufficiently all embracing and
international to keep pace with tho
material internationalism that has standardized oven tho threads of screws
and the size of bolts, so that machines
become interchangeable from one country to another.
Everything may become international
ixcept the workers, and any attempt
at internationalism on their part is
promptly suppressed if possible. In ull
the schools a narrow nationalism is
taught. After the Spanish-American
war   a   little   schoolgirl  was   asked:
What is truo patriotism f" and sho
answered: "Killing Spaniards."
In spite of all that internationalism
has come, and it has come to sthy and
devolop.
Evolution has made the whole world
as familiar to overy man os his own
back-yard. In his morning paper ho
may read the nows of all the world.
Besides that thc worRers of all nations
have been roaming for years over the
surfaco of the globe in search of work,
liko cariboo roaming in search of pasture, and they care us littlo for an
imaginary boundary line as tho cariboo
care when they pass from Alaska into
Yukon Territory,
These peoplo havo cared so little for
their own country that they have left
it hoping to find better conditions.
If they wore not sufficiently enthusiastic for their own country and fiag
how is it to be expected that they will
show passionate devotion for a new
ag? Thoy will bo diligent workers
and law-abiding citizens as long as conditions arc endurable, aud when they
can no lunger make n living thoy will
wander on like the cariboo in search
of fresh pasture.
What the worker Svants is bread;
it is his right; he creates it, but he
iloos riot care at all what color tho Hag
is that floats abovo tlie wheat field.
Things having come to that pass how
is it possible to return to a narrow
nationalism.
Tho workors of ail the world have
met and worked together nnd tulkod
together.
They are not enemies; they arc brothers growing ever more brotherly. In
that and tn that alone is the hope of
permanent peace, A man may have n
passionate longing for the heather ond
bog myrtle of his native land without
having any love or longing tor its politicians or form of government, for that
is quito a different thing.
National characteristics aro created
by the environment and are often vory
iod.
The workers from certain countries
arc u great acquistion to thoir adopted
ountry.
It would be foolish to stifle national
characteristics; wc should encourage
thnt sort of nationalism.
Just ns families, hnving all sorts of
talents aud characteristics, form one
town, and contribute thoir individual
efforts fur the civic good, so nations
can gather into an internntionnl brotherhood and contribute the best thnt is
in ench to the common good.
We,cannot put bnck the clock mid
return to the time when thero were no
railways, and people vegltnted in tlieir
native village till they died; and the
customary wny to treat a strnnger was
to "heave half a brick at him" and
call it patriotism.
Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote: "Right
patriotism consists \n tho delight which
'springs from contributing our peculiar
legitimate advantages to the benefit of
humanity."
William Lloyd Garrison wrote: "My
country is the world, toy countryman
are all mankind."
James Russell Lowell says: "Our
truo country is bounded on the north
nnd tho south and thc east and the
west by justice."
Divine Intervention
A recent letter from the Old Country Baid the poople there are very pessimistic.
Somo of the more religious people
think tho only hope lies in divine intervention!—"as no have got c ir-
selves into such a muddle that only
the Almighty cun get us out of it."
During a dreadful storm an old lady
askod the captain if there was any danger, and the captain said, "Woll, we
must just trust in Providence." "O,
dear, doarl" said tho old lady, "Is it
as bad as that!"
All tho nations aro looking for divine intervention, long ago tho Austrians went on a pilgrimage, but the
end is not yet.
It reminds one of Mr. Dooloy on the
Spanish-American war: "The Spaniards
fired tho opening gun whin the Bishop
of Cades, a powerful turrcted monitor
(old style) attacked us with both for-
'ard guns, and sint a storto of brimstone and hell into us. Thin he was
jined by the Bishop of Barsaloona, and
tho Bishop of Madrid and the Bishop
of Havana, all battleships of the first
class, followed by a fleet of cruisers
running all the way from a full armored vicar general, to a protected parish
priest. To meet them we sint the
Bishop of New York, the Bishop of
Philadelphia, and the Bishop of Chicago, accompanied by a flying squadron
of Methodists, three Presbyterian monitors, a fleet of Baptist submarine destroyers, and a formidable array of
UniverBalists and Unitarian torpedo
boats, with a few rams. Manotime, tho
Bishop of Manila had fired a solid prayer weighing a ton at San Francisco;
and a masked battery of Congregation-
alists replied, inflicting sovere damage.
First one sido prays that the wrath of
heaven will descind on tho other, and
thin the other sido returns tho compliment, with interest. The Spanish bishop wishos heaven to sink our ships ond
destroy our mon, and we hope he'll
enjoy the samo great blessing."
"What do yo think about it?" askod
Mr, Hennessy.
"Well," said Mr. Doolcy, "I dinnaw
jus' what to think iv it. Me own idee
is that war is not so much a matter of
prayers as a matter of punchin'; and
the only place a prayer book stops a
bullot is in the storey books. 'Tis liko
what Father Kelly said: 'If ye hear of
mo waiting to pray,' ho says, 'any timo
there's a call for mo to be in a light,'
he says, 'ye may conclude that I've
lost mc mind and wont be back in to
me parish,' he says. 'Hogan,' he says,
'I'll go into battlo with n prayer book
in one hand and « soord in the other,
ond if tho work callB for two handB,
it's not the soord I'll drop.' 'Don't
you believe in prayer!' says Hogan.
'I do," says thc good man, 'but,' he
says, 'a healthy person ought to bo
ashamed to ask for help in a fight.' "
"That's the way I look at it," said
Mr. HennesBy. "When 'tis an aven
thing in tho prayin', may the best man
win.''
The I W. W.
A religious paper, sinco deceased,
some say poisoned by its own venom,
deuounccd tho I. W. W. every time
they were short of copy. The truly
Christian and charitable iden of that
paper was thnt the I. W. W. should bo
hunted liko wild beostB over the faco
of creation.
Quito naturally this awakened considerable interest in the organization, and
several people tracked thc I. W, W. to
his lair ,to find out why ho had been
given such a bnd nnme. It wns said
they believed in direct action, but that
is not the reason they aro persecuted.
Certainly not now that direct action is
deified, and crowned, and worshipped
oven in the churches.
It is the poople who do not believe in
direcfcjpction who go to jail now, and the
people who bolieve in direct action are
decorated. All kinds of direct action
is permissnblc now, machine guns, cannon, bombs, poiBon gas, barb wire, Kaffir
knobkorrios, Ghurka knives, Arab
spears, or any other weapon, savage or
odem. And yet they hunt the I. W.
W. more diligently than ever. The othor
dny a man wns shot at his door because
some people thought that nn I. W. W.
had come to visit him. Another I.
W. W. was lynched. It seems very
strange.
Sume timo ngo thoro was in The Fed-
rationist n list of the things the I. W.
W. wanted. It wns very innocent, nny
one might have rend it with toleration,
or oven amusement, bocnuso the thing
they wanted mnst woh n bath.
Now, I ask nny fair-minded mnn why
should an I. W. W. not be nllowed to
hnvo a bath if ho is willing to mnke
the experiment? Is it because, like
Oliver Twist, he would be sure to ask
for moro?
The papers tell us thnt the I. W. W.
in tho logging camps aro not satisfied
with tho privilege of working eight
hours n dny, but wnnt sanitary conditions nlso.
Tho loggers aro going to burn their
verminous blankets and thoy havo tho
impudence to ask for hotels and beds,
instead of infested shacks and bunks.
The employers are naturally aggrieved. Thoy nre as surprised ns
Bnnlnm wns when his nss spoke.
It is manifestly ridiculous that the
I. W. W, hnving been treated like
animals, and hunted like animals for
so long, should pretend to bo human
beings. Thoy hnvo no right to, none
whatever, because they are politicnl
nonentics. I wont to thoir mooting and
told them so, but they would not bo-
liove it, yet it is a fact.
Every little rancher knows ho will
get no road work if he haB no voto;
nnd if he has no vote in the municipality he will not get off hifl place nt
nil, for his road will bo impasBublo.
If you have no vote you simply do
not exist ut all, It is not necessary
to provide baths nnd hotolB for people
who do not exist politically.
The chnirmnn of tho I. W. W. meeting snid: "Whnt do you want with
votes; a vote is no use; I do not suppose any one in this mooting hnB a
vote?—TInve you boys?"
There wns a long silonco and then
ono of tho men said: "Thoy move us
nround too much,"
There you have it in a nutshell. Those
men are first robbed of their vote and
then persecuted for not having it.
It is like robbing a man of his money
and then despising him for being poor
—but that is done every day by quite
the best people.
Direct action is right; it is officially
declared to be bo, by both church and
stnte.
Even Christ could not refrain from
taking direct action against the capitalists; we are told ho whipped tho
money-changers eut of tho temple.
Direct action is always resorted to
by those who havo been doprived of
citizenship. The suffragettes broke windows, and other thingB because thoy
wero refused the legitimate means of
expressing their wishes by thoir votes.
The suffragettes knew what they wanted and went after it, but the I. W. W.
does not know what it is thoy lack, so
they preach direct action in seoBon,
and out of season.
They should insist on being allowod
to vote by mail. If tho soldier ovorseas
was allowed to voto, thore is no reason
for robbing tho worker in tho woods of
his voto.
Of course, in a way, the I. W. W. is
right when he cliams that the vote is
no good.
We cannot voto for measures, but
only for ono party, or the other, and
whichever party gots into office, they
promptly repudiate their election promises. As far ob-gaining good govornment, and tho passing of good measures, thc voto at present is a feeble
tool. But as an instrument for gaining selfish class privilege, like baths
for the I. W. W., and army contracts
for capitalists, it is invaluable.
To tho I. W. W., I would say: Banded together as votorB you would nover
be banned as you are now.
Your combined voto would bo a club
to make tho govornment stand and deliver. Thoy would givo you anything
and everything that did not belong to
them if only you would not turn them
out of office.
A party politician cares for nothing
but to keep in offico. He would sell
you his soul if ho had not lost' it already.
Tho capitalists aro so well banded together that everything in sight belongs
to them, even the govornment.
But the workers of tho world aro
moro numerous than tho capitalists, and
if they ask for votes and refuse to go
where they would bo robbed of them,
they would have some chance of getting tho other things they want. Get
votes and vote together, and you will
got baths, and clean blankets, and a
tinder box hotel from which you will
bc liable to pass, liko Elijah, in a fiery
chariot.
Meantimo keep on building railways
and walking, and walking nnd walking,
and wondering what you built thom for.
Keop on cutting timber to build housos
while you nro without decent shelter.
Keop on just as long as you want to.
No ono elso is going into the wilderness to bo the sennegont as long ns you
nre willing to do it.
And don't ask anyone to do anything
for you as long as you are politically
non-existent, for you have no way of
bringing pressure to bear.
And do not talk about direct action
any more, for you are not in that clasB
at all. You are gontlo dovos compared
to tho direct actionistB who are functioning in Europo.
The best thing you can do is to got
on the voters' list, and join the Federated Labor Party.
boing given? Isn't it a fact that it is
taking the form of a subscription to
the C. P. F. in place of hard cash and
by the same token isn 't it taking money
out of the fund just as much as if the
papers were paid in cold dollars and
conts and handing it from the right to
the left hand? Expressed in another
way, the papers aro being paid for
their space, though not through the
customary channels, and in view of
that, how anyone can assert that they
are doing this for tho sake of the C.
P. F. or that their patriotism is urging
them to be generous, is more than any
person possessed of a scintilla of horse-
sense can comprehend.
• *>-' •
But tho great point to remember is that organized Labor is
first, last and all tho time against the
C. P. F. for the reason that it is a
form of charity that is being administered in a way that would make a first-
class hobo let himself loose if he wero
askod to accept the patronage of that
august body whioh doles out the nickels and dines in the manner that has
rendered this organization so distasteful to the man in tho stroet. The soldier's wifo does not want charity, nor
doos she favor the inquisitorial methods that the officials of the C. P. F.
most prefer. If she were asked whether she would tako tho $12.50 a month
that is being reluctantly parted with
ovory thirty days by the great moguls
of tho fund, or whether she preferred
to exist on her separation allowance,
it'a a dollar to a mill that she would
accept the lattor.
# •   #
By the way, who waa the big gun
from thc Canadian pension board who
arrived in the city recently in a car
that would mako Carnegie green with
envy? If rumor speaks aright—and
sometimes sho does—this palatial car
was something in a class by itself. Its
fittings wore on the scalo that sent up
the prices of eyeglasses. And what
was the matter with the linen that his
majesty sent to tho laundry? And furthermore, was the linen laundried by
Oriontals or by white persons? In the
last year or thereabouts—be the same
more or less—it is strange but none
tho less truo, that Vancouver has been
tho mecca of a legion of Ottawa officials from one department or another
who have suddenly discovered that the
Terminal Oity iB tha douce of a fine
place to spend a few weekB. Special
cars, special automobilos, the best
rooms in the Vancouvor and the Em-
presB and so forth ad lib. And all thiB
time the man who is earning anything
from a ten-spot to thirty dollars per
week and has to support a wife and
family on a sum that, in value, has
only half tho purchasing power it had
two years ago, iB delving down into his
pockets and wondering in hoaven's
namo whon all this toni-foolery is going
to end.
Can't the federal govornment think
of somo other method to got rid of tho
public cash. Or have all tho avenues of
expeuditure been exhausted ? What 'a
the matter with appointing a few hundred colonels moro and giving thom
soft snaps to hold down in Canada till
the guns cease rumbling and until tho
Tommies aro forever nt rest?
"A chieh among
ye takin notes'
[By The Chiell
The bonkers of Vancouver have seen
fit to rise in thoir wrath and protest
in characteristic langunge ugainst the
statements mado in the columns of The
Federationist last week ns to tho number of dofnulters in tho non-paymont
of the Victory Loan instnlments. The
statement, so far as that matter was
concerned, was mnde only to show thnt
there is not that plethora of dollars
in Vnncouvor and B. C. that Bome people would have us believo. But sinco
the bankers hnvo tnken ndvnntngo of
thc occasion to uttev their indignant
expostulations against what wna a perfectly aecurato statement, well and
good. Thoy havo mode their protcat
and they are entitled to all the good
thoy cnn get out of that proceeding.
But protest or no protest, ther'es no
dodging tho fact that there is n Hst
of non-pnyers to the lonn thnt would
stretch quite n way if the names woro
placed in a string.   All this by the way.
* *, *
To come to tile other mattor of thc
Pntriotic Fund. Unlike the financinl
fraternity, the officials of that organization aro playing poBsum. In plainer language, thoy prefer to treat tho
remarks of Tho Foderntionist with contempt. Or is it thnt their defence is
so weak that thoy havo not a leg to
stand on. But isn't it strange that
the drawers of big salaries from a fund
thnt is principally mado up of tho contributions by tho working class should
become so mute nnd inglorious all of a
sudden when a quostion is nt Btnko
that is more serious thnn they care to
admit? Tho C. P. F. belongs to tho
people, but liko a (pod many other
things in Vancouver in particular, and
in Canada in genoral, tho people have
ns littlo to say to it as thoy hnvo to
sny to thc government of tho country.
Recognizing this, one would imngine
thnt tho nforcsnid officinls would roll
up their sleeves and come out into the
open and either defend tho nttitudo
they have taken and the methods that
have beon followed in building up a
fund that of right should bc administered by the govornment, or elso climb
down from their lofty pedestal nnd admit that the wholo thing is a shnto nnd
n humbug, n delusion and a snnrc,
* •   «
But there is another phase of thc
campaign that has been carried on to
rniso the wind. Much haB been mnde
of the fact that the daily press haB
been donating a considerable amount of
free space, to the oxtent of several
pages each, to holp boost tho C, P. F.
In this connection tho heads of tho big
departmental stores who have idonti-
ed themselves with this form of oxtor-
tion, are in high dudgeon that a. newspaper should havo the temerity to tako
oither tho fund or its officinls or anyone connectod with it, to tnsk. Thoir
argument is that the papers nre giving
the space as n gift to tho fund, nnd
flint no money is being pnid for advertising. On tho face of it this sounds
flue. But when oho comes to analyze tho
relationship of the daily preBs to the
O. P. F., ono finds u peculiar, not. to
say an extraordinary, stute of iiffnirs.
t   t   •
Granted that tho papers nre giving
this space.    On  whnt condition  is it
A SIDE GLANCE AT A
FEW BROBDIGNAGIANS
[By Bert Gotldarcl]
Charles HugheB—An animated Icicle with
a reactionary conscienco, born several centuries too lato. HIb psychological time would
havo been whon ho could havo functioned
as a high priest and Judge during the Spanish Inquisition.
Mental afflnltlos, soul matoa and psychic
twins—William Hohonzollern nnd Thoodoro
Roosevelt,
Samuel Gompers—A Bign-post orectod on
the working clnss rond to emancipation,
pointing a finger back to ihe dark ages and
tho Jungle. The working class can look back
at this sign and measure the progress it has
mode for forty years.
John D. Rockefeller—A twentieth century
l>lves, who has followed in tho footBtopa of
his eminent prototype during lifo, and will
probably land in the same place after death.
—Co-operativo News.
"No mnn hns a right to more land
thnn ho und his can use, and no right
to tlint unless ho is using it."—C. W.
Woodman, State Labor Commissioner,
Austin, Texas.
Royal Stove Repair Works
Repairs for sll Stoves, Fnrnacei,
Ooils, Connection!, etc.
New and second-hand stoves bought,
sold  and exchanged
Phone Sey. 6960     1114 Oranvllle
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Bastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlngi SttMt Wut
What Is Your
Vocation?
For tho proBpoctor, lumberman,
logger, teamster, farmor or rancher, laborer, mechanic or the professional or business mnn—wo
are nil working mon—there's a
LECKIE SHOE made to suit
each of us, and our own particular line of work.
Step into your favorite dealer
—ask to see the kind of Boot you
want.
Look for tho name "LECKIE"
on it—if it's thore—you nre looking at the best boot for its pur*
pose mado in Canada.
LECKIE BOOTS aro nude in
a Vancouvor factory by Vnncouvor workmon,
Tho qunlity goes IN before tho
name goos ON—that's a Leckie.
-Some-
Dainty Silks
Specially Priced
SILK
OEBPE
AND OOTTON
DE CHINE
ThiB is a very desirable material
for afternoon and evening wear,
as well as for undergarments. It
is 36 inches wide ond comes in
25 good shades, as well as black
and white.   Special ££
values at, yard. OOC
FUJI BILES
This is a silk that washes well
and will give all-round satisfaction for waists, dresses and other
wear. It is 30 inches wide, and
tho shades include ivory, cream,
flesh, rose, saxo, Copenhagen,
apricot, maize, poarl and taupe.
Special value,
por yard	
$1.25
Saba Bros.
' Limited
The Silk Specialists
652 Granville Street
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured in British Columbia
Empress Coffee
IN THE SANITARY
PAPER CONTAINER
It's winning everywhere.
Husbnnds and wives are talking nbout it over thoir coffee
cups.
They are insisting on the Coffee that conforms to tho government's earnest request to save
tin—save it for perishable foods
for our fighting men — foods
which can only bo preserved in
air-tight metal containers.
Wo havo discarded tho use of
Coffoo cans becauso it was our
patriotic duty.
Coffee drinkers aro thinking
and acting along the same linos.
In nddition to that—thoy get
tho samo reliable Empress Coffoe
at a saving of 10c por lb.
Peoplo nro keen thoso days to
save, nnd to uso every practical
method employed to win this war.
And thoy rcalizo that saving
metal for tho Allies is ono of the
most important—it comes under
the "First Aid" class.
BUY EMPRESS COFFEE
in tho sanitary pnper containor,
BAGGAGE
Deliverod to and from all trains,
boatB, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phone us day ot night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
My. 404414 Ufilon Station
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
rait. 8800       1620 Main Street THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiAi tint aaxaam
at
TENTH YEAR.   No. 11
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B; C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 15, 1918
(In Timmt\
\   01*7. M-00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
See Dr. Lowe
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
THE MAN OR THE WOMAN who has new teeth replaced by Dr. Lowe may be assured that they
RESEMBLE NATURALLY PERFECT TEETH
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, oolite cons___ ate reasonable
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott,  e Phone Sey. 6444
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ARE NOW SHOWING THE VERY LATEST IN
Men's and Boys' Suits
SHIRTS, NECKWEAR AND HATS
MEN'S SUITS $18.00, $20.00, $25.00 to $40.00
YOUTHS' SUITS from $15.00 up
BOYS' SUITS from    $4.75 up
OARHARTI OVERALLS, Working Shirts and Gloves kept in
stock.
Hats for Spring
In the Newest Blocks
In inviting yon to select your new
Spring Hat horo, wo do so in tho belief
that you'll agree thero aro no hotter hats
nlado than wo'ro showing. You'll find
worthy union-made hats among thom.
SOFT FELTS AND DEBBIES IN ALL
THE POPULAR OBADES SS to 16
CAPS »1.00 to 12.60
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTEKS   Near Oor. Haatinga  417 ORANVILLE
PAINTERS' TOOLS
RIDOELY TRIMMER OUTFITS
RIDOELY PAINTERS' TOOLS
SIMMS' RUBBERSET BRUSHES
SHEEPSWOOL SPONGES AND CHAMOIS SKINS
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 Granville Street
UNION ^OFFICES
This Official Listof Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAN SUFPLT TOU WITH THE ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES UNION LABEL
BAOLKY tt SONS, 161 Haatinga Street.........  -J*,T "'
BLOOHBEBOER, F. R., B19 Broadway East Fairmont JOB
BRAND, W., 629 Pondor Streot Weat Seymour 2676
B   C  PBINTINO & LITHO. CO., Suiythe and Homer „ Seymour 8238
CLARKE A STUART, 820 Seymour Streot _ Soymour 8
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE. Labor Templo Building Seymour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dunsmuir Street Seymour 1106
EVANS & HASTING8, Arta and Crafts Bldg., Soymour Stroet Seymour 6650
JEFFERY. W. A., 2168 Parkor Street - Highland 1187
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe Street .. ....Seymour 8674
LATTA. R. P., 888 Oore Avonue Seymonr 1080
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8861 Main Streot  Fairmont 1988
MoLEAN il SHOEMAKER, North Vaneonver.   N.  Vu.  68
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vanoouver -   N. Van. 10
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 9592
ROEDDE, O. A., 610 Homor Stroot - Soymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO., 817 Camblo Street. Soymour 6509
SUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street  Soymour 41
THE TRIBUNE, Homer Stroot   Seymour 470
TECHNICAL PRESB, 500 Beatty Stroot -. „ Seymonr 8826
TIMMS, A. H., 289 Fourteenth Avenue Eaat Fairmont 621R
WABD, ELLWOOD It POUND, 111 Homer Streot   Soymonr 1615
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunsmuir Street Soymonr 8526
WHITE ti BINDON, 628 Pender Street West Seymonr 1214
Wilt* "Union Labol" on Tonr Oopy wben Ton Sand It to tha FrliUr
Sensational Values in
Men's Suits
$19.75
150 Men's and Young Men's high-grade hand-tailored SUITS in tweeds, worsteds and cheviots, in regular models, belters, pinchbacks, eta-
Regular values to $35.00. <fc 1 O IK
Saturday. ..,.  „Cp 1 7 • / O
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
646 ORANVILLE STREET
LIVE MASS MEETING
,1
Under Auspices of Newly-
Organized Federated
, Labor Party
Hawthornthwaite, Kingsley
ahd Pettipiece Are
the Speakers
NEW WESTMINSTER, March 10.—
MemberB in the audience remarked that
Saturday's meeting of the F. L. F. in
the Boyal City was the biggest political
gathering of wage-workers they had
over seen thore. St, George's hail was
filled with an attentive audience, each
of whom received an application for
membership blank. Fifty-three of these
filled in and signed up for membership
in tho party that from now on will be
the true political expression of the
toilers of British Columbia.
The meeting was called to order by
B. P. Pettipiece who delivered a few
brief remarks to the effect that tho
"F. L. P. had come to stay becauso
there were enough men and women in
the province who had had enough of
the promises of tho old parties and
wore now ready to get into the ranks
of a real, live, up-to-date working-
claBB party."
He stated further that the party
would not be tied down with a constitution and bylaws, neither would
they be bothered with a platform that
Baid a whole lot but got them nowhere.
The platform of tho F. L. P, contained
16 words, as follows: "securing industrial legislation and the collective ownership and democratic operation of the
moans of wealth production."
"The old parties," said Mr. Pettipiece, "cannot beat that platform and
they certainly would not want to steal
any of it. It is a platform that overy
workingman and woman can and should
subscribe to. The party has only just
beon born, but letters and applications
for membership are coming in from
ovory nook and corner of the province.
It has met with better response than
wo ovor hoped for it in such Bhort time
and during tho course of the evening
we hopo to bo ablo to convince you1 that
this party is the one you havo waited
for."
Mr. W. Yates, vice-president of New
Westminster district, took charge of
the meoting at thiB point and after
stating that the meeting was for tho
purpose of organizing a branch of the
F. L. P. in Now Wostminster, called
■upon J. H. Hawthornthwaito, Labor
member in the provinicnl house.
J. H. Hawthornthwalte
Mr. Hawthornthwaite took tho plat
form amid applause and launched immediately into tho subject of organizing
a branch of the F. L. P. He said, in
part: "Tho old parties all ovor the
world had only succeeded in making a
botch of things, as indicated by the
prosent slnughtcr and the misery and
poverty that is and always has been
tho .lot of tho worker. In spito of tho
great organized wealth of tho country
and tho increased productivity of the
mills, mines and factories, by tho introduction of labor-saving machinery,
thc worker is no hotter off today relatively than was his grandfather or his
ancestors of chattel slavery days.
"The workers operate the wealth
producing machinery of the world and
thereby produco everything in the Bhnpe
of food, clothing and shelter, but as
soon ns that wealth is produced they
havo no moro to say in how it shall be
distributed. The capitalist owners of
the mnchinery of production own the
goods produced and proceed to wax fat
on tho procoods accruing from tho sale
of those goods und a great many wage
slaves, whoBo sweat and blood have
boen spent yenr in and yoar out at
the machine, seohi to bo highly sntis
ed with this condition of affairs. Some
times they groan a littlo under the
strain and then the political henchmen
of tho capitalist class proceed to hand
■.hit a fow sops to tho workor and again
the slave becomes satisfied.
No Lasting Benefit From Beforms
"But with all the reforms that have
been handed out the workor still exists
in poverty and misery. His whole life
is ono long, weary struggle, from tho
cradle to the grave it is troublo, trouble, trouble. And still ho trudges
along, asking a sop here, begging for
omploymont there, seemingly contented with what thc master cluss hands out
and with tho competitive system.
"But there is today," said Mr. Haw
thornthwaite, "an over-increasing army
of workera who aro rebelling at these
conditions. Thoy have had their fill
of reforms; they are sick and tired of
tho political hypocrisy, and thoy havo
como to the conclusion that if anything
is to be done to remove the misery and
degradation, that they must do it themselves, and with that end in view they
havo organized tho Federated Labor
Party, nnd will, with the aid of the
socialist and Labor parties in other
parts of the world, bring about an industrial domocracy which will removo
the stigma of slavery once and for all
time. (Applause.)
Old Parties Mnch Concerned
"No ovent in tho past twenty-five
years has created bo much concern in
tho provinco as has the organization of
tho F. L. P. It is bothering the old
parties a great deal. Somo of tho members of parliament have asked mo what
tho party wanted and I replied, 'the
earth.' There is nothing immodest in
wanting tho enrth. The mills, minos,
factories and rnilroads have been created by the workers nnd ull production
and distribution is carried on by the
workers, but the great b.ilk of thc
weulth produced gnes to thoso 'who
toil not, neither do they spin,' nnd it
is high timo that the workors took a
hand in wanting something moro thnn
hay and oats.
Tho present Liberal governmont in
B. C. ia a reform government, plnced in
power by the wnge-workerH of B. C.
But the'reforms thnt they hand out
will not mnko wngo slavery bearable
to the workers. The only reforms of
benefit aro those thut protect the life
nnd limbs of workers, but theso kinds
of reforms seem to be distasteful to the
Liberals. Premier Oliver wantB a mortgage plaBtered on a farm before he will
jive away seeds to the farmer. That's
tow they handle reforms.
"I an introducing an eight-hour-day
bill, because I think it time we had an
eight-hour day in the province (applause). It seems funny that people
should applaud for an eight-hour day
at this day and age (laughter). But
my bills get me into scraps with the
speaker. He's a bird. Every time I
Bay anything or introduce anything the
premier, too, sajjp I'm out of order
(laughter). He aays my eight-hour-day
bill is interfering with the general policy of the government and that he will
not consider the bill. But I have asked
the speaker to state his objections in
writing and when I get that I will
bring the bill in in another form (applause).
Sfi-Hour Day for Miners
I 've got anothor bill that will make
some of tho henchmen go crazy. It's
a six-hour day bill for miners. Thore
is no reason in the world why the
minors, whose life and limb and health
are in continual danger, should not
have a six-hour day.
"I also have a bill dealing with
coolio labor that many of my friends
in tho houBe will oppose. I'm not trying to create race prejudice. I understand the condition the white man will
be in in competition with coolio labor,
thereforo affairs of tho workers in B. C.
must be looked after in thia respect.
If the capitalist class has itB way it
will import millions of Chinese.
"The Liberals are going to try to
alter the elections act so as to make it
hard for the common people to get on
tho voters' lists. Well, if thoy mako it
hard for us to use the ballot, we will
have to adopt the Bolsheviki method
and we will not be responsible for what
takeB place then.
"Conservative England is making up
to Labor because Labor is showing a
solid front, and wo must do the same
thing. Tho workers of the world are
tramping in the direction of the liberation of the world. Are you going to
Bit back and wait for tho Bolsheviki
or tho British Laborito to free you or
aro you going to get -up and join with
us in delivering British Columbia workors from the Bnockles of slavery!
"I've got ho one at prosent to seeond
my resolutions in tho houso. I want
you to get busy nnd got your fellowmen interested in tho F. L. P., so that
you can send someone to the house to
holp me." (applause).
E. T. Kingsley
The chairman Btated that the next
speaker would be E. T. Kingsley, who
nooded no introduction and it gave him
great pleasuro to call upon Mr. Kings-
ley to address tho audience.
. Mr. Kingsloy received hearty ap-
plauso as ho stepped forward to address the audience.   He said, in part:
"I ara vory fond of animals. I have
watched the wild animals in the forest
and the cattle on the prairie play and
gambol and roam about, but I have
novor noticed any of them driving
others to work. I have nevor known a
horse to bog of anothor horse to put
tho harness on his back or hook him
to a plow (laughter). But tho two-
legged animal seems to insist on being
harnessed and driven (laughter).
"Tho wage-working animal insists on
a system of alavery and tho penalty
of slavery is work, work, work and
keop on working, A mule will work
only when he is driven to it by man
and tho two-logged slavo nnd tho mule
mako a fine team. Thia alavish condition has como down to us from the
countless ages and most of us havo not
got kick enough in us to get nwny from
it.
Labor Produces All
"There' has nevor been a yard of
cloth produced, and there has not been
a pieco of coal, bread, or lumber produced except by the hund of labor and
yet the bIbvo class cannot partake of
a particle of food excopt by tho will
of tho master class.
"Did you ever know of a mine, mill
or factory thut over produced a loaf
of broad for its owner without turning a wheel. No! And who is it that
turns that wheel? Tho Blavel Nothing
is produced until tho wage-worker applies his mental or physical energy.
Tho mills, mines and factories are
worthless so long as mun fails to apply his onergy, becauso nothing is pro.
duced. Honcc tho workora uro proporty.
"You nre the thing that is owned.
You nre tho thing thnt makes the
bread. You aro the thing that makes
tho machinery of wealth production
valuable and yet the owners of that
machinery control your every act. The
financial columns of tho papcrB aro full
of figures representing your value to
tho owning class. When the price of
stocks is quoted they aro quoting your
vnlue to the holders of those stocks.
"Robinson Crusoe did not oat the
bread of idleness until Friday came
along and was forced to becomo a slave.
Then Friday got busy and caught tho
fish and cooked it and gave it to Crusoe and after Crusoe ato the good ment
he handed Friday thc bones (laughter).
And thc modern wage slave acts just
like Friday. He has got to go out and
find a master before ho ean got a job
which will ennblo him to eat and then
he gets tho bones or the cheap trash.
"Loss than 40 per cent, of the inhabitants are engaged in producing the
necessaries of life. Tho othor (JO per
cent, does nothing but eat up what the
40 per cent, has produced. Tho 60 per
cont. aro either doing nothing or aro producing ruling-class requisites and performing ruling-class Bervice such as
policing, soldiering, selling real estate,
banking nnd doing othor things than
producing food, clothing nnd Bhelter. No
wonder there is poverty and distress.
The Political Olub
"At one time the slaves were ruled
by means of a knotted club. The owners of thc club thumped the workora
with tho club ond got them busy. But
wiflo men sprang up and lenrned how
to write anil mnko laws and now wo
ore ruled by laws instead of by clubs.
Now and ngnin wo get a crack on the
hend with n club to remind us thnt
thore uro laws.
"How do they moke the luws! They
tnke a piece of paper, write sonicOnng
on it and say, this is the Inw (Inupli-
ter). 80 todny men nre put in the coop
on the strength of a piece of pnper.
Some of us slaves cnn read the law,
but very few of .is can understand
it (laughter), We hav0 tn hiro a
lawyer to understand it for us,
"But without tho law the master
class cannot exist, honce thoir efforts
to rctnin their henchmen in office.
IS
E
Labor Parry Building Up a
Powerful Political
Machine
Not Satisfied With Crumbs
From Rich Man's
Table
Tho national executive of the British Labor party, always working in conjunction with the parliamentary com-
mittee of the Trades Union CongresB
and thuB covering the Labor movement
from the economic as well as from the
political standpoint, is now building itself up for big parliamentary action at
a rapid rate. The two committees have
just now taken special offices in the
contral part of London, ono portion of
these having been formerly occupied by
Winston Churchill, tho minister of munitions, who has cleared out for still
more commodious premises olsewhere.
Under the wonderful driving power of
Arthur Henderson, who is Labor's leading politician in thiB country and who
since he broko with the government
and retired from the war cabinet, has
boen working ceaaolossly for the creation of a great parliamentary Labor
party in the house of commons (to arise
after the next general olection), tho
movement is making rapid headway.
Henderson and his colleagues of the
Labor party, together with Bowerman and his colleagues of the parliamentary committee of the Trades Union
Congress, are using aB the new factor
in tho situation the passing of the Representation of the People Act..
This new measure has created an entirely new situation. Tho number of
parliamentary voters in this country
will bo increased fiwn 8,000,00 to over
16,000,000, and about 6,000,000 of theso
new voterB will "be women, who will
for the first timo in this country at
the noxt election exercise voting power.
It is to meet this factor that the Labor
party ia developing its entirely new
constitution and it wants to ubo thc
new political force it expects to obtain
in order to tackle poworfully and successfully the great problems of reconstruction after tho war, whether these
problems be political, social, industrial
or economic.
It is declared that no treatment by
mere politicians will meet tho ease, no
mere compromise will servo; no desire
to got back once moro to the old lines
of safeguarding selfish bourgeois interests wiU satisfy the masses of the people. For tho flrst time in this country
"the will of the peoplo" is to be no
longer an empty phraBe. When tho reconstructed Labor party gets its new
political forco behind it in the house
of commons it will wnnt to secure, it
declares, for tho producers by hand nnd
brain the full fruits of their industry.
The producers aro no longer going to
bo satisfied with thc crumbs which fall
from the rich man's table; therefore,
the Labor party wants to bo able to
force tho most oquitable distribution of
tho fruits of industry that may be possiblo on tho basis of common ownership of the means of production. Tho
Labor party's programme insists that
tho nation should tako no step backwards from tho present increasing
policy of controlling tho great industries and services.
CARHARTT'S OVERALLS
ARE THE BEST OVERALLS
The Power of Law
With tho law you workors can change
the ownership of this vast wealth-producing machinery, lou can put an end
to thc present hypocrisy and flim-flam
that is being handed out to us today.
So it becomes imperative for you, if
you would altor things, to get possession of tho law-making powers.
"The old parties who now infest the
provincial house stand for capitalist
ownership of the nwnns of wealth pro;
duetion and all its evils. They stand
for wages for workers and profits for
owners.
The Working Class Weapon
'The new party—the Federnted
Labor Party—is opposed to wages for
workers and profits for shirkers. It is
going to abolish wagos and profits and
tho degradation of wago slavery. It is
going to mako the workers mnstors of
their own lives. It is going to enable
tho workera to obtain and enjoy all
that thc hand und brain of man can
produco instead of sweating thnt nnother clasB may enjoy, and I don't sec
why that kind of a programme should
shock any member of tho workingclass.
"Already tho workers are taking
command for the final battle. They
nre going to mako the world a fit place
to live in. They arc goirijf to do awny
with tho useless parasitic capitalist
class, and Labor will in the very near
future be ablo to say, in the words of
Monte Criato, 'The world is mine.' "
(applause).
Secretary Trotter Speaks
Mr. Trotter, socretary of tho F. L. P.,
was tho noxt spoaker introduced and,
dealing briefly with tho orgnnization,
said, in part:
"The most healthy thing in connection with the party is that it is organizing with groat success after the
election.
"Wo hope to build up a membership
and a following, before thc next election, that knows precisely whore they
stand and their position in humnn socioty. Wo have boen trying to do
everything through onr trado unions,
but we cannot get tho desired results
unless the membership is entirely class-
conscious. This cannot be hoped for
nt present, henco our entry into the
political field, And we have nlrendy
made sueh p'Ogross as convinces ua that
wo will soon become an organization
thnt will count politically in tho vory
near future.
Wo want you to take advantage
nf this meeting nnd apply for membership. It is open to all workers, wheth-
or bolonging to trade unions nr not. We
realize that wc ennnot accompli ah anything without your help and with yonr
help we will build up a pnrty that will
nmount to something in the timo to
come."   (applnuse).
You should be the
proud wearer of a
Cftrhartt Overall,
and look your best
everyday.
The price will soon
be $2.60 a garment,
so buy an extra pair
in advance.
Your Dealer
Has Them
Factory:
Entire 8th Floor
World Bldg.
PHONE SEY. 2493
Drug Specials
Reid's Family Remedies
These ue old standard remedies, 60c File Ointment	
SSe
positively guaranteod.    Monty re- $1.00 Burdock and Sarsaparilla.. 76c
funded If not as stated. SOe Menthol Ointment SSe
$1.00 Syrup HypophosphitOB 76c ♦I*00 ■Be*!fi I™**- and Wine 7Be
50c Syrup Whito Pine nnd Tar.. Mc 25e Cascara Tablets 20c
*1.00 Blood Puridcr 76c $1.00 Hair Tonic 7Se
SOo Eczema Ointment  36c 60c Hair Restorer  40c
25o Witch Hazon Cream  20c 60c Bland's Pills. 26c
♦1.00 Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil 90c 25c Corn Cure 20c
41.00 Tasteless Cod Liver Oil.... 86c 25c Carbolic Ointment 20e
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN 8TOBE:
406 Hastings Bt. W. Pbonea Sey. 1966 (11966
BRANCH STOBES:
7 Hastings Street West Beymour 3532
782 Oranvllle Street Seymonr 7013
2741 Oranvllle Street Bay. 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High, 236 ft 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customers. Same prices and service as
 ovef our counter.   Address 407 HastiHgs Street Weet.
DR. REED'S CUSHION SOLE
SHOES for Men
Why lot your t'ect aeho? Wear Dr.
Reed's Cushion Sole Shoes and have perfect foot comfort.
Dr. Heed's Shoes ore onion-
made and every small dotuil is
looked offer with no eye to comfort und durability.
Try a pair of these TOOT
OOMFOBTERS.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
Stability
■yOU want your street railway to have
stability first of all. No transportation
service that is here today and gone tomorrow, that exists on the whim of the individual will serve the public properly.
The question every man must ask himself today is
whether he wants the reliable street railway or the
fair-weather jitney.
"Any of the possible alternatives to the
street railway," says Dr. Shortt, "which
would be adequate to replace its varied services, as for instance a motor bus development would involve the reproduction of all
the essential features of the British Columbia Electric Railway company as an organized capitalist business corporation."
9
(xtf^&kchic PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY March 15, 1918
1B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettlplece. Manager
Offlce: Lahor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.:  Sey   7407K    '
Subscription: $1.50 per year;    In Vancouvor
City, $2.00;  to unions Bubscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World"
FRIDAY March 15, 1918
THERE 18 mucli to suggest that
the sinister forces that now dominate tho nations of the earth are
deliberately stuging a holocaust and
tragedy, that will muk-e all similar accomplishments along
A SINISTER that line, by the rul-
CLOUD IN ' ers and robbers of
THE EAST, the earth, sink into
iusigniiicance. A dark
cloud is rising iu the cast that bodes ill*
for tho causo that carries the hopo, tho
ambition and the aspirations of the progressive and revolutiouary elements in
human society. Either the signs upon
the horizon of world events belie their
meaning, or the world is upon the eve
of witnessing a slaughtor of slaves that
will make the butchery of early Christians and trade unionists during the latter years of the Roman empiro scarce
worth mentioning in comparison. That
such a consummation cannot be attained
without loyal and whole-hearted support being given to the forces of reaction and brutality by countless legiona
of docile and ever obedient Blaves themselves, does not altej the fact ono iota,
for there is little at presont to warrant
the presumption that this aid will not
fling itself loyally and joyfully to the
execrable task. The irrepressible and
patriotic fervor with which the pauperized slaves of Germany and other lands
now immolate themselves upon the
bloody altar of their brutal and con
sciencelesa masters, affords ample j usti
fication for the presumption that they
will pursue no different courso at any
time within the reasonably noar future.
* *        *
It is no secret that the workers and
peasants of Russia hoveseriously incur
red thc enmity of all the reactionary
interests and elements throughout the
earth. Tho action of these workers in
taking steps calculated to break tho
hold of the rulers and robbers who have
tortured and robbod them for countless
ages, haB roused tlie ire of the ruling
class of all lands. Needless to add,
that no infamy that it were possible for
alleged autocracy to perpetrate upon
tho hypocritical self-touted ■ democracies of the world would be one-tenth as
obnoxious und torriblo as that of tho
workers even seriously interfering with,
much less absolutely breaking, tlie hold
that their rulers and robbers have bo
long maintained upon them. Nothing
could bo rouse their iro and stir their
passion for vengeance, as for their
slaves to even think of brcuking their
ohains. That the Russian workers have
taken steps so to do and have made
somo progress along that line, has established a dangerous precedent that if allowed fb go unchallenged, must have a
powerful influence upon the slaves of
other lands'in impelling thom to go and
do likowise.   This can not and will not
■ be allowed to go unchallenged by the
ruling class world, so long ns there ure
sufficient loyal and faithful slavos at
its bidding to drown it out in the blood
of the slavo victims of slave ignorance
and servile obedience to the command
of brute authority. And it can be
drowned out in no other manner and by
no othor means.
* *        *
Today that much lip-denounced autocracy of middle Europe; that sinister
power that has been loudly anthema-
tized and raucously oxecratod by every
equally sinister and equally autocratic
and brutal interest on earth, that is
cithor too cowardly, or too hypocritical
to openly declare its autocracy; that
ruthless exponent of class rule in its
highest and noblest expression, Is poshing its uniformed and servile hordos
of armed slaves into the vory heart of
Russia, for the very evident purpose of
aiding tho still surviving reactionary
nnd brutal interests of that land to regain mastery over tho slaves who broke
their chains through the revolution.
And this is being done in spite of the
fact that the working class government
of Russia has felt compelled to accept
and sign tho terms of peace, forced upon
them by the German ruling class brutOH.
And what is thc attitude of the rulors
of thc self-touted democracies of tho
earth during these momentous days? It
is an nttitudc of self-complacent satisfaction and evident approval of that
which is being done. It is an attitude
of approval upon the purl of a hypocritical autocracy, of tho acts of an autocracy that is not disposed to cover its
nakedness by the garb of false pretence.
That tlie attitude of the so-called tlomo-
«ratic nations of the world is such as
stated herein, is proven by the noisy
chorus of vilificajipn ami lying abuse
heaped upon the iJilstieviki and its representatives, by the dirty press and
equally filthy spokesmen of autocracy
and class rule. Tho joyous abandon
with wliich the harlots of rule anil rob*
l>ery spow their venom and void tlieir
jrlioum upon the Rustinn advance guard
Ait the working class revolutionary
movement, gives unmistukeablc acclaim
.t# the supreme satisfaction that comes
•to the bourgeois soul at the promised
(tarn of events on Russian soil.
t t        t
(■Jtill farther to the oast enters another factor in preparation of the coming tragedy. Another undisguised and
openly reactionary and brutal survival
of thc feudal age is evidently getting
ready to join its cong-Znital twin, tho
feudal survival of mid-Europe, in tho
crushing of the only menucc that has
* yet dangerously raised its threatening
presence upou the ruling class horizon.
And what a splendid vinta is thus opon-
od to thc delighted eyes of all the rulors and robbers of the earth, uutocrats,
democrats and hypocritos alike. Between tho Teutonic feudal brute upon
the wfBt, and the Oriontal feudal brute
upon the east, revolutionary Built
may be crushed, while the hypocntica
ruling class of other countries, neutral
and belligerent alike, look smilingly on
with smug complacency, laugh in their
sleeves, and in/he name of liborty and
-democracy applaud the act. In this ap-
j ritause, thoy will bo lustily aided by their
, own servile and faithful Blaves who will
raise blisters upon their fool throats
■■applauding tho triump'and conBoquent
; perpetration of the rulo, robbory and
-torture'that is based upon thoir own
vulgar ignorance and dog-like servility.
And when it is all over, thc two feudal
brethren can recompense themselves
for their trouble by dividing the territory conquered. The feudal brother who
lirst spilled the beans by opening up
the family row and disclosing the skeletons in the family closet, may bo mollified, nnd the family breach healed in
snch a manner as to allow the western
brethren in the happy family perhaps a
little Alsace-Lorraine acreage wherewith to find solace and soothing for the
abrasions uud wounds incurred in the
unfortunate family quarrel. Peace may
possibly rwgn again for a long time,
and the faithful slaves; they who patriotically und bravely fought for their
'masters in tho glorious struggle for liberty and democracy and the rights of
small nations, shall rccoivo thoir reward. They shall have steady jobs at
fair wages, that is if they can get them.
They shall enjoy increasingly better
conditions of labor, thnt is if nothing
lmppons to the contrary, and Mr. Samuel Gompers continues to livo and stand
in with the federal administration. But
the field for speculation as to the joys
to como is too wido and too replete with
splendid and mouth-watering possibilities, to be properly exploited within
theso poor columns. So wo will let it
go ut that. But the dark nnd sinister
cloud in the east is daily growing larger, blacker ond more threatening.
ABOUT EVERY Labor paper that
comes to us is continually harping upon the benefits accruing to
the workers through organization, into
trade unions. Of courso, the chiof^bene-
- fit pointed oat is that
IS THERE A , which (jomes to the
FLAW IN OUR laborer through in-
PHILOSOPHY? creased wages. Great
stress is laid upon
the power of organized effort to effect
sueh advances in wnges, thereby bringing greater comfort to the worker and
his depondents. Our astute labor leaders are always harping about the wonderful rise in wages that has boen
brought about in tho past, and if one
is to swallow it all as tho gospel truth,
it would seem as though a veritable
millenium of affluence would eventually be arrived at by tho fortunate sons
of toil who wero wisb enough to realize
dhe possibilities lying behind organizod
and persistent action. Much time and
space is devoted to a comparison of
whntyWO aro led to believe is the rnther
enviable condition of lnbor now, after
some century or more-of effort and
achievement along wage-raising lines,
and the ^misornblo conditions that prevailed prior thereto. But in spite of all
optimistic views of what has boon accomplished, and the vivid pictures
painted of the misery and squalor that
wns tho portion of the wage-worker
prior to this golden age of labor—an
age made golden by high wnges, as alleged by those who profess to bc qualified to speak—there seems to be a fly
in the ointment. Something is wrong,
either with the argument of our authorities or with oui^poor understanding.
* *        ♦
Alongside of this optimistic faith in
the power of organized effort to raise
wages and secure "bettor conditions"
of labor, there seems t'o bo an equally
persistent pessimism in regard to the
actual virtuo of those higher wagos.
Nearly every labor publication that
comes to us contains asseverations more
or less emphatic of the glaring fact,
that the wuges of today will not' purchase as much as the wages of five, ten,
fifteen and twenty years ago. Whilo
the wage now, expressed in dollars and
cents, is higher than formerly, it is doctored to be a mattor of appearance
only, and not a matter of fact. It is
frequently assorted that a dollar will
not purchase any more, even if as much,
ns 50 cents would have purchused throe
or four years ago. And nobody at all
familiar with what has occurred would
bo so utterly unmindful of the truth as
to assort that wages have doubled during that time. It is a well-known fact
that even out here in this glorious and
usually reputed golden wost a family
could live far better upon $75 a month
twenty-five years ago, than can now be
done upon twico that. At that time
the best bacon could be bought at retnil for 10 cents per pound; choice cuts
of steak for 12% to lfi cents; bonus
from $1 to $2 per hundrod, and everything olse in proportion, not overlooking house rent. Thirty-five years ago
$10 per weok in tho eastern and middle
states would bring to an average family a better living than $25 per week
will here in B. C. at thc present time.
Doubtless the same thing was truo of
eastern Canada. And in spite of all
we do the contrary, matters are going
from bad to worse. We might as woll
confess the fact, for the -evidence is
overwhelming.
* *        •
Opon confession is said to be good for
the soul. If we have been led away
upon a false scent; if we have been deluded, through ignorance of the facts,
to follow ti false trail, far better for
us to acknowledge our error, once wc
discover it, nnd try to get ourselves up*
ii the right road, thnn to persist in'
ur folly through a stubborn pride that
prevents tin acknowledgement of tho
error into which wo 110170 carelessly
blundered or weakly allowed ourselves
to be led. Too little thought has been
given by the rank anil file of Labor to
the actual facts surrounding the daily
life of those who toil and sweat in industry. Too much lias been left to
those whom wo have choson to load us
and act for us. And far too often hnvo
thoso thus choson been as blind to the
aetual facts confronting us and responsible for our miseries, as ourselves.
When tho blind lead tho blind we know
full well whore both are more than likely lo land. When those who are chosen to lend ,tho wny are thomsolves
without chnrt and compass, small wonder that their followers are continually
led around in u circle, thus keeping a
put hway well and smoothly t rod for
tho willing fee of their chosen lenders
nnd guidos. And, altogether too frequently thero will Tie more thnn grounds
for the suspicion, that perquisites may
be thrown to such leadership by interests and persons whose ulterior motives
eould suggest no more satisfactory labor leadership and labor policy than a
circular ono.
* *        *
As a mattor of fact, the workors of
today aro slaves. This includos all who
are engaged in the production of
wealth, whother thoy bo outright wage
workors or farmers and other small-fry
property owners, The producors are as
truly slaves now as over in previous
human history. 'Being such thoy have
nothing to say, and cun have nothing to
say, ns to whut they shall he allowed
to appropriate out of thnt which thoy
produce. No combination of producors
—however great— has yet heen nblc
to do more thnn temporarily disturb
the prico or prices which were determined by the ruling class gamo of buying, selling, trading and otherwise getting away with tlio plunder taken from
thom. Not oven owning themselves—
that is, boing slaves- -bow is it possible
for them to have any control whatsoever over the wealth they erlatof It
all belongs to the ruling class, for the
very simple reason that tho producers
themselves, the slaves, belong to that
class. Try to dodgo it as wo may, the
plain fact of tho matter is that the
wealth producers of today are as essentially tho property of the capitalist
ruling class of the present us the chattel slaves of ancient Babylon and
Egypt were the property of the rulers
and masters of thoso times. All thoy
create belongs to tho rulers of today,
just as all that the ancient slaves created belonged to thoir rulers and owners. There hus been no essential change
sinco the building of the pyramids of
Egypt. Tho worker is still property.
All civilization is predicated upon that
fact. And ao long as the workers ro-
main property, just so long must they
accept tho condition that befits property, and that is Buch treatment as the
owners soe fit to administer. And all the
combinations of slaves against masters
since time began, have availed nothing,
and can avail nothing until sueh a
combination has for its purposo tho
changing of tho status of the workors
from that of property to that of free
men. Slavery must be abolished by the
slaves seizing the reins of power and
turning the resources of tho earth nnd
the instruments of production from ruling class purposes us at present to tho
service of tho only useful portion of
human society, tho working class itself.
Production for proflt, with its trade,
commerce, businoss swindle and all that
is implied therein, must go. Until we
recognize that lino of action and follow it, thoro will romnin a serious flaw
in our labor philosophy.
IT HAS BEEN SAID that thore "are
none so blind as thoso who will not
see." Probably some are born blind,
while still others may be made blind
by camouflage or by judicious appeals
to thoir egotism or
AN OSTRICH their  self  interest.
WITH ITS HEAD When tho blind lead
IN THE SAND the blind the ditch
is more than likely
to bo their destination. Tho powor of
rulors and masters of men is only mndo
safe by keoping thoso over whom rule
is exercised aB muoh in tho dark as
possible. Thc schemes and machinations
of rulers and masters will not long survive tho light of scrutiny and intelligent observation. But in spite of nil
efforts put frrth by tho agencies of
rulo aud mastery to hold their victims
in mental darkness and withhold from
thom all knowledge that might weaken
the hold of thoir rulers and masters
over them, an occasional ray of intelligence breaks through the surrounding
gloom and muttorings of discontent aud
even rebellion aro often heard. \s
long ns this discontent docs not go beyond mere rebellious threats and occasional rebellious outbreaks, there is littlo alarm in tho ruling class cump. But
when it begins to take ou a revolutionary tinge it becomes quite another
story. The camp of rulo and robbery
becomes furiously agitated and drastic
measures nro speedily taken to suppress the dangerous and nlurming tendency.
* * *
Thc average intelligence ovon among
slaves has long since reached the point
whoro it is no longer possible to main
tain Blavery purely by consent of the,
slaves themsolves. ChnttoJ slavery was
undisguised. It mado no pretence of
being anything other than what it
really was, the pure and unadulterated
onslavoment of the workers by their
masters. Feudal serfdom was less opon
and brutal. The sorfs actual enslavement was somewhat camouflaged by certain rights and privileges accorded him,
which his chattel slave predecessor
had not been allowed to enjoy. This
camouflage went far towards holding
him in peaceful submission to exploitation by his feudal lord and obedient
^to hiB every whim and purpose for several centuries. Thtn feudalism gave
way to capitalism with, its so-called
"free labor." The camouflage was extended and amplified Thc garb of a
theoretical freedom became necessary
in order to hold the awakening intelligence of tho slave in check for the
purpose of conserving tho interests of
his maBter. Being neither confined to
thc plantation, as waB thc chattel slave,
nor to the barony of his feudal lord
ub was the feudal serf, the wage slave,
the slavo vof capitalism, became so
thoroughly imbued with the virtue of
his fancied froedom that thc thought
ho had it in fact, instead of merely
in theory. The apparent freedom
possessed by thc wage slave bears such
a close resemblance to real freedom,
that the camouflage iB not detected by
anything short of n close examination.
<|£ is so perfect that its pretence hns
not yet 'been discovered by countless millions of slnves. Vast numbers
of them are loudly complaining of the
hardships imposed upon them by the
surrounding conditions and circumstances, without the slightest suspicion
that the miseries thut press upon them
come, ahd can only come, from ofie
source and thnt is, their own enslavement. If thoy will only stop for u
moment to think tlie mntter over they
will discover* that all of the evils of
whioh they complain nre duo solely to
the fnct thnt the producers of wealth
tie robbed of thftt which they produce.
And that is nil there ever was to human slavery, whether it wns undisguised and in 'Jhe raw us iu the olden
limes, or cnmoiittaged ami made to appear decent and buna) and ethical and
spiritual ml «m|pbliug and dignified nnd
uplifting us ut present.
arq.im.u h
a kick, i
all jUh- wii
a kick nln
The purpose of slavery has always
boon that of enabling the masters und
owners to live upon ihe plunder taken
from the sluves who bring it forth by
tlieir labor. It could huve no other purposo, It spells the robbery of labor.
The mustors have nlwnys been tho robbers; the slaves tho victims of thnt
robbery, And that covers nil the wrong
that has over been perpetrated by one
man qr Set of meu upon another mnn
or set'of men, since "history began. And
that is what the entire labor world is
kicking agninst how, wherever it has
acquired sufficient intelligence to make
And there is nothing else in
ide world for workers to make
about. Whatever rows break out
between Individual masters or master
classes arise out of tho division of the
swng taken from the slaves. All petty
quarrels outside of that, such ns buttles
over females, or disputes over differing
brands or grades of religious supersti-
tins, can usually bc settled ■ by fisticuffs, to the eminent satisfaction of the
intellectual combatants and greatly to
the dolight of the rabble and tho mob.
But even such mngnflccnt buttles und
commoudnblo scraps are not always entirely motived by considerations altogether apart from tho plundor aforesaid.
Even love nnd religion nro not entirely
devoid of streaks of material taint, during these glorious days.
.* • *
With nothing to kick about except
slavery, how can the slaves make an
intelligent kick if their slavery is so
completely camouflaged that they know
it not. It stands to reason that they
cannot. Unless they know that thoy
aro slaves thoy must and will at all
times lay their miseries to some wrongful act upon tho part of their individual master or masters. Is that not
exactly what the great body of workers iB doing today?.. Is it not equally
true of the organized as weU, as the
unorganizod? Are tho leaders any
wiser than the rank and file? Has Mr.
Gompers or any of his typo evkr yet
given the slightest indication that they
possess any understanding of the position of the workingman in modern society, except that of a free man who
has in somo way or other been perhaps
treatod unjustly by those who ought
not to so treat him? * Have these worthies yet shown themselves possessed
of any knowledge of the incontrovertible fact that the woalth producers
of today are slaves, and as completely
and artistically ruled and plundered us
wero ever slaves in all history before?
In remaining persistently and stubbornly blind to this very obviousJrnct, this
one fundamental truth withwit which
thero could bo nothing to kick about,
and without tho knowledge of which
there can be no intelligent action upon
tho part of the slavo class looking to
its deliverance from that which tortures and oppresses it, can it truthfully ba said thai theso eminent "labor
leaders" possess any greater intelligence than tho-ostrich who burios his
head in tho sand in order to oscape his
pursuer?
DID YOU ever sec the sun rise?
Those who have witnessed the
performance declare it affords a
spectacle of majestic splendor and dazzling brilliance unparalleled in humau
experience. As his
NO DOUBT THEY lifc-givng beums
WILL SEE THE fall athwart the
ADVISABILITY earth all nature
smiles in a delir
ium of joyous abandon. A multitude
of her creatures intoxicated with shoei
joy burst forth in a perfect blaze of
colorful glory, delightful perfume and
silvery song in glad welcome to tho
lordly ruler of the heavens as ho banishes the chill dark night from his
august presence. And right in tho
midst of this riotous carnival the landlord's fell footstep is heard at the
threshold; the muse hastily departs;
the balance of the poetic fantasy must
remain unspun. But the sun, tho glorious orb that daily sweeps his majestic
path across tho lien vans, is not the only
one in existence. He has a nnmesakc
right here in Vancouver, that sends its
scintillating beams of effulgence daily
athwart tho narrow sky of human in
telligence, about cock-crow in thc morn
ing, and thoso beams possess a virtuo
not only profoundly penetrating, but
often most mirth-provoking.
* *        *
Some there are who nre so cantankerous as to assert that tho editorial
beams of this local luminary are so
manifestly dull as to be incapable of
penetrating the dark recesses of the
human mind and bringing anything in
the shape of illumination theroto. That
in point of dullness it is in a class by
itself. That in this respect it has
reached a limit attained by no other
and beyond which it is impossible to
go. Against this audacious assumption
we rise in indignant protest. It is
no whit duller than' either of its eve
ning contemporaries. And what is still
more to the point, it could not be. So
that might as well be considered as
settled and no further controversy permitted. Of course, when it comes down
to spitting venom at tho Bolsheviki,
one of its ovoning contemporaries haB
it beaten to a very noticeable extent,
but for nil around truthfulness in re:
gnrd to world happiness; for ti
penetrating perspicacity in locating
the mental weaknesses, moral poccadil
los and ethical lapses of ill-informed,
and, of course, misguided workingmen
and for profound perspecuity in giving
sage advice to the weak and misguided
ones for the purpose of saving them
from the consequences of their wenk-'
nesBea nnd follies, it is fully abreast
of tho worst of itB kind, as tho following will unmistakeably show.
• *■■'*
All the longshoremen along the wnter-
front -quit work on Saturday last when
'press gang" camo along and grab'
bed ono of their number upon the sua*
picion that ho wns evading the preciouB
Military Service Act. Thoy remained
away from work until the man was
not only reloased, but they had nlso
had time to thoroughly discuss the
situation and decide what course to
follow intense of any more ruling-class
rough stuff. Tlieir action called forth
the following sparkling geta from the
local luminary in question:
kxe the Vancouver longshoremen aiming
erect themselves Into a privileged class—
the aristocrats of the Pacific coast I
If they woro to tntce thc stand that they
...i> engaged in ii necessary occupation and
that therefore they ought not to.ho drafted,
Iheir position would tie intelligible and a
fair subject  for argument.
But if thoy undertake to say that they will
not permit the law to bo enforced against
members nf tlieir union, they may create a
situation with which the authorities will be
bound to deal firmly.
Perhapi the longshoremen might take re-
fnge in a plea that Ihey are conscientious
objectors, that they are averse to the ghadding of blood or to the inlltctlon of any sort
of physical injury upon their fellow man.
Much a contention, if advanced, would he
givon due consideration by the military tribunals.
But, otherwise, tliey will Mirely, upon r.>-
fleotion, see the advisability nf being gond
iltltona and obeying the law. To serve their
'ountry is u legul us wll as a moral obligation.
When bank omployoes are required to go,
will longshoremen insist upon remaining behind f Are they prepared to admit that bank
clerks are the boltt men!
And now there iB no logical reason
why the longshoremen should not be
heartily and profoundly, nnd emphatically and overwhelmingly ashamed of
themselves. After such a grandmotherly talk ns all that, and that, too, coming from such nn indisputably qualified
source, they ought to hide thoir (let it
be hoped) diminished heads and repent
in sackcloth and nshes for havingthiis
deflod the law and tho gospel upon the
mc/nornblo occasion reforred to. Surely
thoy will "upon reflection seo tho advisability of being good citizens and
obeying the law," for undoubtedly
many of thom will recall hnving received Bimilar well-meant nnd even
grandmotherly counsol during thoir
schooldays, when they porchanco neglected to sit up straight in their seats
and keop their noses properly and sanitarily wiped according to the statutes
duly mado and provided by tho school
authorities thomBolvoB. But whilo we
fool quito sure about it, we shall not
be absolutely certain upon this point
until the "press gang" has mndo furthor experimentation along tho waterfront nnd in other quarters whoro slm-
plo-minded workors most do congregate.
We wait patiently for furthor evidence,
but In the meantime Bhall keep right
on feeling suro.	
Losing Faith in the Saving
Grace of "Liberty
Bond" Holdings
A Rod in Pickle for "Leaders" Who Do Nothing
But Eat Money
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I„ March 12.—
Local 872, U. M. W. of A. mot in repd"
session last evening. An appeal was road
from the Mooney defonce committeo, but In
view of the many calls that have been mado
on the local treasury, It was thought that
$5 was as far as wo would go, It was
pointed out that there wu no need to be
ashamed of ths mnnllness of the sum, for if
every organization affiliated with the great
A. F. ot L. subscribed In the samo proportion
tho sum of $140,000 would bo realised. A
great lot of good could be dono with such a
sum, but a greater good could be accomplished if tho aforementioned A. P. of L.
had ahout 14 conts worth of militancy. Presumably thore Is no room iu that body for
militancy, for Sammy Gompers is still on
deck.
We also received a hunch of junk from our
international executivo board, consisting
mainly of pamphlets issued by tmr United
Statos government, dealing with war questions. Somo labor organization, acting as
distributing agents for the representatives of
tlie plutocrats of the glorious land of the
fleas and home of the slave,
Tho communication that commanded attention was the notification from tho international secretary-treasurer, giving notification
of thn passage, tn tho recent convention, of
an amendment to tbe constitution colling for
an increase of thc por capita tax to 50 cents
per month.
Io Bay More Bonds
This communication raised a holy row,
and tho general opinion Is that wo have come
to the parting of the ways. Men havo been
dropping away for some time past, and this
is believod to bo the laBt straw. Many mon
hnve pulled out recently, as thoy aro not in
favor of sending 25c a month across tho border and lotting a hunch of reactionaries buy
Liberty bonds with it. And now that a demand lias boen made for an additional 35c a
montl], tho fat is in tlio flre.
Oui- membership can not see the need of so
muoh money being sent to the international
at this time, especially as the policy of the
executive hoard is peace with the masters at
any price, fhey say "do not ceaso work,"
dig conl and more, as the old war horso said
in Nanalmo a short time ago, in quoting J.
1. White s statement of the enormous amount
of coal produced by tlio TJ. M. W. of A., and
expressing tho willingness of his orgnnization
to   produco   still   more.     Kingiey  said   that
enough coal had geon produced each year
Out of the gross sales during 19.tS,
amounting to $53,000,000, the'Inland
SteeF Company of the U. 8. -succeeded
in escaping with only the trifling sum
of $19,035,066. And' thc federal taxes
are still to be pnid, which will probably cut olf another 20 por cent. From
this it will be seen that alongside of
the strenuous life of tho get-something-
for-nothing capitalist, that of the peripatetic wago slave is a ainecurt, a soft
snap, and u continual round of ineffable bliss.   He is to be indeed envied.
A Now York man confesses to having made $12,000 Inst year. He gave
his wife n bank cheque duly signed,
for the purposo of purchasing sotao
clothes for herself. The good dame
tilled the check out for $8,000 and skipped to Europe with nnother man. The
aggrieved husband nsked a New Tork
paper if he will be compelled to pay
income tax on the full $12,000. The
answer was, yes. It. appears that the
$4,000 will come in quite hundly for
the purpose. It would have been most
embarrassing if the good woman had
not thoughtfully waived seizure of the
full amount.
The organized Labor movement of
the U. S. (except tho I. W. W.) is busily and noisily engaged in affirmation
'of Ub loyalty and patriotism. This it
iterates and reiterates until one is almost inclined to paraphrase Shakespeare by saying "mcHecffiB it doth protest too much." And at the Bamo time
strikes ore advocated and not infrequently indulged in, by the organized
Labor bodies, Ae we to be led to consider such acts of rebellion upon tho
pnrt of slnves against thoir masters to
be convincing evidence of thot patriotism and Ioynl devotion so raucously
and repeatedly proclaimed?
Even the writers of press dispatches
are unable to refrain from dealing with
conscript slaves in any other terms
than those of cannon fodder and mill
feed, as the following doth show. Under
date of March 12, we rend that "eight
h.indred thousand men, thc so-called
'second draft/ will be the national
quotn to be fed into the militnry mill,"
etc. etc. Note the flne sarcasm of the
"so-callod second draft," and thp undisguised contempt fur the human material that Is to bo 'fed into ihe military mill" like pig meat into a sausage machine. It nil, doubtless, arises
from the fact that wnr is no longer u
mattor of glamor nnd glory, lt has become a mere vulgar factory process
just like u 1'iickingtown slaughterhouse
business. Just n method of turning
pigs Into bank accounts,
Are You a
Ship Carpenter?
If you nre you will bo Interested
■ in tho splendid line of Tools wo
linvo pliK}*.*! in atock for your uao
iuid couvonioneo.
Ship Carpenters' Adzes
Ship Carpenters' Mauls
Caulking Irons
Serving Mallets
Rase Knives
Btarrett's Tools, ttc.
Wo aro specialists in tools for nil
trndoB. Wo will hove whnt you cnn't
lind olsowhoro.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
UNION SHOP
TOOLS — PAINTS — HARDWARE
839 HASTINOS WEST,   Near Homer
Birks' Diamonds for Presentations
For a presentation, a fJirka' Diamond ia specially appropriate, because it is a PIEST-GEABB STONE—one that
will always be a happy reminder for the years to come.
It holds tho old associations just as it holds its value.
Tho advantage resulting from our direct buying is shared
by our patronB.   We welcome your intereBt and inspec-
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man, Dir.
Granvillo and Georgia Sts.
to satisfy the peoplo's neods for tho remainder of their natural lives, and roast them in
hell for 85 years after."
Now, tho membership of the U. M. W. of
is supposed to be around 450,000. Thon
tho question arises, what sre thoy going to
do with $225,000 a month going into the international treasury, when they are adopting
a policy of pacifism on the industrial field,
and at thc sumo time giving themselves up,
body and soul, to the forces of militarism
that at present have the Btrangle hold on
tho workers of that land of democracy.
Thu only conclusion we have bo far boon
able to reach, is that they want to go on
buying Liberty bonds indefinitely, or until
thoy roach that happy stago when ovory
member of the organization will receive sufficient interest from Liborty bonds to keep
him, his heirs and assigns forever and ever,
amen. When that happy day is reached, tho
miners will not havo to work any moro; all
they'll need to do is just produce enough coal
to pay the intorest on their bonds and
everybody will ho happy.
Democracy in Labor Movement
Fortunately, or unfortunately 'I'm not prepared to say whioh), I have nofer attended
an international convention of the U. M. \V.
of A., but I have been told that the conventions aro woll attended by paid officials of the
international, organizors and such, consequently there are enough smooth talkers to
put over such stunts us raising salaries, per
capita, etc., and tho beauty of tho systom is
that amendments to tho constitution aro mado
law in tho convention, and do not have to ho
ratified by tho membership.
During tho courso of our discussion, it was
proved conclusively that any advantages
gained by the membership in Canada, Bince
tho war, and especially since tho United
Statos took a hand, wero gained by virtue of
the spirit of solidarity shown by tho men in
Canada, and in spite of the opposition of
international officials.
Learning ths Lesson
Wa have received appeals fur assistance
from time to time, when said assistance has
been rcfusod by tho international-.
Tho case at DrumheUcr is a caso in point.
It is tho opinion of many of our members
that the timo has como for the miners of
Canada to make a start in attending to their
own affairs. We realize that tho problems
of Canada are problems tlmt can not bo
fought out hy an executive board in tho
United Stales.
It may be said that thu U. M. W. of A.
spent a large sum of monoy on the Vancouver Island strike. Wo are willing to givo
credit for that, but a lesson we learned from
that was that it is useless for tho workers
to try to buck the capitalist game by saving
up enough monoy to lay off work until tho
boss is ready to capitulate, especially when
a small scctioiLof the workers lay idlo and
their broth ors Veep on working.
A Problem in Mathematics
A little mathematical calculation will show
the futility nf the workors trying to tight
the robber class upon a financial basis, when
we realize that tho workers outnumber the
musters, at an extremely conservative estimate, by 1000 to 1, aud wages in goneral represent ono-quartor of tho wealth pfodtfeed.
Another quarter of tho wealth production is
taken as the rake-off for the plnte; tho rest
being used in thc purchase of raw material,
upkeep of machinery, otc.
Then how in tho name of fortune can tho
1000 over hope to save onough out of thoir
25 por eent. to fight tlio one who has 25 per
cont. for himself!
Having realized the truth of the foregoing
premises, eur mi-niborship have inBtructod
the executivo to bring in a recommendation
to tho next regulrfr meeting, which Ib going
to be advertised as a mass mooting. Prom
that mooting our future policy will bo determined.
The miners of the Crows NeBt Pass havo
manifested groat dissatisfaction with tho antics of the international officials, and possibly n hotter form of organization may be
born, which will bo a true form of industrial
unionism.
Tho hopelessness of reforming tho American Labor movement, as represented by the
A. F. of L., must be apparent to a blind man.
So what is the noxt best courso to pursue?
We well know that in any evolutionary
process, an organism which ceas?s to function
simply perishes, and tho lord knows the A.
F. of Jj., as a social organism, has ceased to
function, or did it evor function! So what
Ib the use of flying in. the face of the Imnm-
table laws of evolution, by bolstering up an
institution that is the embodiment of reaction and actB as a buttress for tho whole
dirty scheme of capitalist flimflam!
Our executive will ho getting together
shortly to discuss the situation.
Dentistry!
Onwni,    Bridges    ud   Fillings
made the same shade as yon own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open  evenings 7:80 to  8:80.
Dental nurse in attendance.
OOB. GRAKTXLLB AND BOBSOK
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Pbone Sey. 6238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
J. Edward 8eari     Offlce: Sey. Hit
SEARS & PATTON
Barriiteri, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria and VancouTer  ,
Vancouver Offlce: 516-7 Rogera Bldg.
VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
THE INCOBPOBATED
1866
BANK OF
TORONTO
Aetata  $84,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Gamble St«.
TheBankof British North America
iiUMlahed in use
Branches throughout  Canada aad  at
NBW TOBK, SAN FKANOISCO AND
DAWSON
Bavtafi Department
—BAVE TOUB MONE7-
Q. N. STAOEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Fendor
START A BANS ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash in any old corner where It la
in danger from burglars or flre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon porroct safety for yonr
money, and will give you foil
banking service, whether your ae*
count is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W, O. JOT, Manager
Haatinga and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 186»
..» 12,911,700
Capital Paid-up 	
Boeerve Fund and Undivided Proflte    14,664,000
Total Assets  835,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL
uo branches Is Canada, Newfoundland, WM Iidlee, (to., of which IM
ara weat of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open as aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—aay, every payday.  In-
tereat credited half-yearly.   No delay is withdrawal. FBIDAT.   March IS, 1018
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
CITY AMUSEMENTS
-Empress*
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of March 18th
The Latest "Up-to-the-
Minute" Irish Play
"THE DAUGHTER
OF MOTHER
MACHREE"
See Edythe Elliott as
the Beautiful Irish
Coleen
DON'T MISS IT!
Prices—lie, SOe, 40e
ORPHEUM
Week of March 18th
OEOEOE DAMEEEL
WHEE1EE A MOHAN
COOPER tt BOBINSON
HAEUKO ONUKI
LAZIEK-WOEIH OO.
OAEES a DELODB
"IN IEE ZONE"
A Sketch
Evenings:   16c, 30c, -10c,* 66c, 800
Matinees:-15c. 20c, 30c, 66c
COLUMBIA
4—Big Shows Daily—4
Matinee
2 and 4 p.m.,
Evenings
7 and 9 p.m.
Continuous vaudeville and feature pictures. Nothing but tho best. Chango of
programme Monday and Thursday.
Prices: 5c, 15c and 20c
PANTAGES
******* linxf wmv
MBIT WEEK
"YUOUTAK,"   Bl
BUSSELL
Other Big Features
eeiy Musical Comedy
AND BYBNE
SLATER'S
For Quality
Large cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. SOo
Robertson's    Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 4 lbs  76c
Slater's Tea, per lb  30c
Baking Powder, 5 lbs. for.. 70c
Lipton's Cocoa, half-lb  80c
Milk, per tin  10c
Salmon, large tins, per tin.. 10c
Clark's Fork and Beans, 3
for   86c
DELIVERY TO ALL PABTfl
131 Hastings St East   Sey. 3868
830 Oranrille St.      807. 866
3814 Main Stmt.    Fair. 1683
TOU'BE    THE    JUDGE !
of the statement that our Offloo Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock is tho best
in B. C. Como in and look ua overt
«17 VIEW ST.I
VICTORIA
Have you blamed
your eyes?
fl You have headaches at
Univs for no known reaaon:
u general feeling of doprea-
nlon—tu rvottttiusx.  You have
a "flnttery" footing of
heart ami other organs—it
general feeling of enervation and unfitness Your
cttHf does not respond to the
usual treatment—tt purgn-
Uvv and a tonii; Have you
over blamed your egeet
% You say you see  well.
That may be so and stm
your eyea mag be to hlanio
For i/oiv vision may be apparently   perfect   and   put
you may- bv seeing at </„■
expense of the eyo muscles,
thc nerves, thc brain. »/
your eyes arc defective yon
are imposing a trenmidam
strain on your nervo'ua «■;*,■.
tem.
fl Have your eyes examined by an rryert—not
necessarily myself, Bui bt
sure that thc man who
gtvea yon advice—who prescribed the glasses and
makes them—knows his
business,
fl For 15 years ! have been
studying thc eye, making
lenses and noting tho effect
of correctly futcd glasses.
My observation of cases has
taught me much. My experience and the most complete
*ptical establishment on the
Pavifit! Ooaat is at your disposal
Seymour 1908
J. D. GAMBLE
Mii miner
Granville Optical Co.
tUt URAXV1M.K HTHHKT
Below  I)rrndJil<*.'»
The Port Arthur Labor Men
Oppose Charity to
Dependents      *
Press Makes Believe Job
Is Too Big for the
Government
The following resolution has b
adopted hy the Port Arthur Trades and
Labor Couneil and submitted to looal
organizations for similar action. It
has caused quite a little furore thore,
just as the same kind of resolution haB
in othor cities. Its attackers seem to
claim that it is the work of pro-Germans, but the resolution apenks for itself, whon it stutoB that the governmont has not provided sufficient means
for the welfare of soldiors' dependents.
Every red-blooded citizen should do all
19 his or hor power to rcraovo the stigma and uncertainty of charity from
this maintenance and have the government provide amply for dependents.
Tho capitalist press claims that it iB
too big a job to do this. If that iB
the case then it time such a government were removed. The government
has fallen down on everything it has
kandlod in connection with the war, but
the great majority of poople are either
afraid to kick or are hypnotized by
tho robber-owned press:
"Whereas, tho administration of'the
Canadian Patriotic Fund as a supi
mont to the income of the dependents
of soldiers serving overseas, hss led to
much dissatisfaction among the workers of this country, and
"Whereas, thia Trades and Labor
Council considers the fund is and has
been distributed as a charity, rendered
necessary by tho insufficient provision
made for the soldierB and their dependents, therefore, be it resolved, that this
Trades and Labor Council, in regular
session assembled, protests against any
further application of the present
methods of maintaining the dependents
of soldiers, and demands that the Dominion governmont provide for the ado-
qunto protection and livelihood of all
dependents of soldiers now serving in
tho Imperial service, who wore enlisted
or drafted from tho Dominion of Canada."
PAGE FIVE
DEMANDS OF LABOR ABE PBE-
SENTED TO OOVERNMENT
(Continued from page 1)
underground in tho mitring industry.
An act tu provido for a minimum wage for
womon.
Hours of Labor
An aot to provide for a maximum work
wook of forty-eight hourB in all industrial
operations.
An act to provide for a maximum work
week of forty-eight hours for all workers
following tho culinary crafts, and to provide
thnt all persons employed in snid crafts shall
liavo onc day of rest during each week.
Fortnightly Fay Day
Au act to provide for all wages to be paid
at least overy two w.'eks, such payments to
be In currency, and that at no  timo shall
moro than six days wages be kept in hand,
Educational
To   provido   for   the   freo   issuing   of  all
school supplies to the pupllB  of tho publio
chimin,  throughou tho provinco.
Tresspass Act
An amendment to this act, to provide for
tho entry of union officials to company proporty, to collect dues, and to transact legitimate business, such as organising, etc.
Fair Wages
That on all work carried out by contract
for the government, the rate uf wages to be
paid for all classes of labor ahall be at trade
union rates of wuges, and hours and conditions.
Protection of Longshore Workeri
The appointment of competent inspectors,
to inspect tho gear and tackle used in the
loading and unloading of ships.
Employment of Caucasian Women by
v       Asiatics
An act to prevent tho employment of Caucasian women by Asiatics.
Registration of Plumbers
An aot to provide for tho examination and
registration of plumbers, and the strict  enforcement of sanltiuy regulations.
Wash Houses and Sanitary Conditions
To provido for wash houses in shipyards,
foundries, machine shops, mills, mines, .etc.
To provide for proper sanitary and drinking arrangements, in shipyards, .mill,  mines
and factories, and in nil construction camps,
logging camps, etc.
To compel employers of labor, to provido
free bedding, such as mattresses, bed clothes,
springs, etc., in all construction and logging
camps, or in any industry where workors
have boen compelled in tho past to provido
their ,own buds, etc, Employers to bo compelled to keop such bedding clean and free
from infection.
Camp Inspection
Provision to be mnde compelling all hoalth
officers  to   visit all camps at  least  onoo  a
imntll,  forbidding use of cnninelwnro in the
preparation  of  fund,   nnd   making   It   incumbent on nil corporations to provide adequate
medical and hospital  treatment, mid nil necessnry nnd up-to-date Hist nid appliances.
Protection of Electrical Workers
Legislation for the protection ol electrical
workers, this occupation being acknowledged
OEO. H. HARDY
Who, during the week, resigned as secretary
of Local 617, Carpenters, and alao the presidency of tho Building Trades council and
the District Council of Carpenters, for the
purpose of devoting his entire time and
attention to the interests of the Federated
Labor Party, aB Vancouver dlstriot organi-
as being of a very hazardous nature, a draft
aot is presented for consideration.
Protection of Street Railway Employees and
the Travelling Public
Tho limitation of tho hours of labor for
street and electrio railway employees to a
maximum of-eight in any twenty-four hours.
-No person shall act as a motorman or conductor on any street car, operated on tho
city streots, within tho limits of any city in
the provinco of British Columbia, unless such
motorman or conductor shall havo (irst received at least fifteen days' instruction on the
different street car lines of said city, such
instruction to be undor the supervision of a
competent motorman or conductor on the said
city street car lines, who has had at least
two years' experience as motorman or conductor on said lines.
Said instructor shall certify to the fitness
of any applicant prior to the said applicant
taking chargo of any streot car; tho certification shall state that the applicant is fit and
qualified to tako charge of, and operate, such
car or cars.
Certification shall be made to the person
in chargo of the operation of the street car
lines in said oity, also to tho provincial* inspector of tramways and such certificates
shall become part of applicants' record of
service beforo applicant is put In charge of a
streot car.
That a penalty of not lees than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor Iobb than thirty dayB' im-
tirisonment, or both, shall be Imposed for vlo-
ation of any portion of these rulos,
Proposed Amendments to the B. C. Boiler
Inspection Act
1. Section 53 of chapter 24 to bo amended by striking out the words (one month)
in the llth line thereof, and substituting
therefor the words "seven days,"
Section 09 to be repealed and tho following substituted therefor: Thu chief inspector may grant temporary certificates to a
locomotive engineer or fireman, who can produce proof of such servico. „
Such certificates shall only apply to tho
plant for which thoy were issued, and shall
not extend over tho period of three months.
8. Section 70 of said chapter 24 to be
nmondod by striking out the words "and
special." ,
4. Section 75 of Bald chapter 34 to be
amended by striking out the words ' 'engineers with temporary certificates" in the
eighth line thereof.
5, Repeal subsection S.
0. Repoal subsection 10 of said chapter
24, section 75.
7. Section 8, said chapter 24, to be
amended by adding thereto tho following
section:
(70a)' Whero any boiler or steam plant
is operated continuously during tho whole
calendar day of twenty-four hours, no engineer shall bo employed nor remain in
charge of euch boiler or ateam plant as de-
tin .'d by this act, for any purpose except
as hereinafter provided, for a longer perfaod
than eight hours ln any such calendar Ay
of twenty-four hours, and twenty-four hours
for the purpose of this section shall mean
from midnight to midnight, provided however that nothing in  this section contained
VERY CHU
Bobbed Up and Down Like a
Jumping Jack Before
Bowser's Criticism
Opposition Leader Set Out
to Get the Oliver Goat
and Got It
VICTORIA, March 15.—(Special to
Tbe Federatipnist.)—After reading the
newspaper accounts of W. J, Bowser's
speech in the legislature laBt Monday,
and noting the remarks of John Oliver,
the new premier, and thoir frequency,
one would feVl like recommending to
oither the new premier or some of his
crowd that thoy get a pot of glue and
put it on the premier's seat—either
seat. Also, one is caused to believe that
a considerable object of the leader of
tho opposition in his speech was to
causo Hon. John to do the vory thing
he did—get up, not once, but anywhere
from two to a dozen times. Oliver
makes no headway with his senseless
interruptions of dobate. Nor,, on the
other hand, probably does Bowser gain
any credit for his deliberate baiting of
Oliver. But as between tho two the
former loses the most prestige by continually hopping up to perform some
task which ordinarily ought to be performed by some of his subordinates and
henchmen such as Gerald McGeer, of
Richmond. Attomoy-generrfl Farris, as
the attorney-general and who was ^x-
Prjomier Brewster's right-hanil man,
might just aB well bo the buffer for
John. That, is, if ho has the courage
and ability to cyoss swords with the
two-edged tongue of the leader of the
opposition.
One has a right to expect something
dignity from the first commoner of
the province—"flrst comnioner" is
what historians liko to call the premier.
But British Columbia just now has for
her "first commoner" a citizen who
acts very much like a child in falling
for the efforts of Bill Bowser and Bill
Koss to keep him hopping up- like a
jumping jack.
According to a story told tho correspondent of The Fed. the subject of
glue on Oliver's seat is being very
seriously considered, especially since
the display of Monday. It was dis-
cussod bofore around town where tho
membors gather, the Pacific^Vlub, otc,
but iu a half%oarted way. But they
discuss it openly and determinedly now.
In fact, it hiay bo the subject of heated debate in caucus. Even the Liberal
members themselves object to John get-
ing up so much, not only because it
looks childish, and is, but, it also monopolizes time which somebody else could
devote to interrupting, and thereby getting into print.
During the Monday debate, also,
Alex. Manson, a legal youth from
Princo Rupert, interrupted tho leader
of the opposition to bark "Bow-wow-
wow!"   But Manson is very young and
"THE DAUGHTER OF MOTHER
MACHREE"
Plays may como and plays mny go, but
plays with the abiding I'lmnn of "The Daughter of Mother Mflohrce,"  hnve the priceless
gift of Immortality*   There's a wealth of
good remedy revealed In overy lino nnd notion of captivating sally, who is a dainty
liltli' miss of true  Irish  heritage.    Sweet
Member of Empress Stock Oo.
the wild roses and as rarely charming, she
succeeds in bringing to her aid the piquant
appeal of the race that has ever held tho
name of lighting hardest nnd loving beBt of
alt the world. few plays have boon produced of the real worth of "The Dndghtsr of
Mother Machree," which comes to tho Empress next week. Kdythe Klllott, with her
delightful Irish brogue will bo soon at her
best In this beautiful play.
gineer being temporarily employed in the
unavoidable absence of tho regular, engineer,
but such latter contingency Bhall not occur
for more than seven dayB in any calendar
month.
Any owner or employer who knowingly
permits an engineer to be employed In excess of eight hours in twenty-four hoars in
connection with euch plant or boiler or any
engineer or other person who continues in
tho pursuit as an engineer for a period of
moro than eight hours In a poriod of auch
twenty-four hours or receives payment for
work performed in excess of eight hours
in twenty-four hours, or fails to comply with
the provisions of this section Bhall be guilty
of tan offence under thiB act and shall be
liable to a penalty of not less than |60.00
and not exceeding' $300.00.
Truok Act
To amend soction 10 to read as follows:
Section 10, sections 8 to 0 of thie act, both
inclusive, shall apply;
(a) to any workman employed altogther,
or in part, or on works or undertakings situated wholly or in part In any company or
corporation town, or in any incorporated city
or town within three milos thereof, or
(I)) to any goods, board or lodgings
supplied or contracted to bo supplied to any
workman in any company or corporation
town or to any workman In any incorporated
city or town, or within three miles thereof.
Protection of Miners
Section 1.   This act may bo cited as tho
Prevention of Dust Act.
Section* 2. It shall bo unlawful for any
owner, operator, or person in chargo of any
underground mino to causo to bo drilled or
bored by machinery a Jiole or holes in any
slope, raise or drift in ground that causes
dust from .drilling unless said machinery is
equipped with wator-jet or spray or other
means equally efficient to prevent tho escape
of dust; provided, that when water-jet or
spray aro used, water fr.'o from pollution
with organic or other noxious matter shall
bo furnished.
Section I). Where machinery used for
drilling or boring holes in slopes, drifts or
rinses is equipped as required by section
2 of this net it shall be unlawful for any
l> tmiil to drill ar bore a hole in said slope,
drift or raise without using said appliance
for the prevention of dust.
Section 4. Any person who vlolatos either
of the two preceding section or any owner,
operator or person In charge of any underground mine who hires, contracts with or
causes any person to violate tho two preceding sections shall bo guilty of u misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shnll
Tie punished by a fine of not less than One
Hundred Dollars, nor moro than Fiv Hundred Dollars, or by Imprisonment not more
than six month, or both tin.- and imprisonment, i
Section fi. That the words "person,"
operator," "owner" nnd "person in
chargo" wherever used iu this act shall be
deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the
laws of either Canada or the province of
Hritish Coltimbin.
Section fl. This act Bhall tnke effect ond
bo It) full force from und after ninety dayH
next following Us passage and approval.
To amend the Metalliferous Mines Act
to provide for the using ot time fuses of the
Intest and most approved type, In all blasting operations, Such fuses to bc approved
by thc minister of mines.
To provide for nn eight-hour bank-to-bank
regulnlion for nil iiietnllif'rmis  miners.
To provide for the boxing of all trolley
lines, chutes, etc., where contact with the
lines Is liable to occur.
To provide tlmt all Inspectors shall post
a cony of their reports, showing tho number
of differ .-nt places inspected, and tho condition found therein, and that tho inspector
shall nt nil times bo accompanied by a competent miner during sueh Inspection.
The strict enforcement of clause (a) of
section 8  of said  act.
To provide for a maximum work day of
I ght hours for all persons employed around
mines, mills, smelters and contractors.
Ooal Mine Inspectors
An amendment to tho Coal Mines Regulation   Act,   to   provide   for   tho   nomination
nnd eloction of all  mino Inspector  by tho
organised miners of the provinco, the minors
to havo the power to recall any appointments.
Company Towns
Tho Btrlct enforcemon of the opening of
all such towns to ordinary compotitlvo business.
Poll Tu
The repeal of this tax nt tho earliest poa-
Nile moment,
■aa".{LTn* ur^T^™^™** *• .«*«• >*»>."«^
Somebody, Oliver for instance, who by
reason of his ago and the size and
weight of his hands, ought to spank
smart Alox. For ho acted vory much
liko a littlo kid when somebody says
something to him and he sticks out his
tongue. John Keen, the venorablo
speaker of tho houBo, mildly called
Alex, down about it, but ho 'should
have also sent him to bed in the dark
without his supper. Howovor, tho
treatment suggested for Uncle John to
follow would perhaps bo best ? n Alex, 's
case—a sound spanking. If he isn't
disciplined for such remarks, he will
be sticking out his tongue next.
Sueh a thing never occurred in a
meeting of tho working class whero
rules are followed religiously and If a
man cannot get the better of an argu
ment he does not resort to childish
tactics sueh as tho Liberal crowd in the
house are using.
Also, while on this subject, one recalls the way Uncle John headed off
J. H. Hawthornthwaite's eight-hour
bill and did qot give him an opportunity to air his views at least, when he
no doubt would hayo done much toward convincing the Liberal members
and the Conservatives and Whatnots
of the good sense of making eight hours
a legal day's work in the interest, not
only of the workers, bat of the employers as well, who„shouId understand that
better work is got from a man who is
in good physical trim than from a man
who is broken by long hours.
The government seems to be showing
a decided lack of courage in meeting
the only Labor representative in the
house. People wondered, after reading
the efforts of the government to muzzle the Hawthornthwaite general eight:
hour measure, if it feared he would
make recruits to tie eight-hour principle.
Oalgary, Alta.—A settlement his been
reached witb the Rosedale coal minera once
more, and it Is reported from Drumheller
that the men have returned to work.
In New York, women are acting a* street
car conductresses and working from 12 to 14
hours a day, says Mrs. Mulhauien Richards,
chief of the women's division of tbe labor
department.
The British co-operative movement—a socially-owned organisation of the common
people—Ib probably the greatest employer of
labor in the world engaged In legitimate Industry, trade and commerce. January, 1917,
it was employing 156,715 workers.
Col. F. H. Cunningham, chief inspector of
Dominion fisheries, says that the 1»17 British Columbia canned salmon pack amounted
tp 1,577,435 cases. This Is 562,870 more
thon that of 1916. The bulk of it hss gone
to Europe.
Speed and Satisfaction
With the Telephone
Action is the essence of the contract
those days. Action means speed. We
see it every day ln the, steady increase
in the number of motor cars in use.
People want to move quickly, to settle
matters promptly.
All the moro should the telephone be
appreciated. Nothing is more satisfactory for it delivers tbe message and returns the answer Immediately. The
motor may bo quick, but the telephone
Is muoh quicker.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.4
BIC GET ACQUAINTED SALE
■.-:•■ — ,->rt-;ii«*ti*r. _
We have just purchased the Mickey Richardson
business, and are making a big sacrifice of profits to
get acquainted.
Men's and Boys' Clothing and Men's Furnishings
at big reductions.
Don't neglect this sale, it means $$$$$$$$ to you.
Our name is a small thing to look at, but a mighty
big thing for you to find.
We are newcomers to your city, and we want you
to become one of our satisfied customers.
'WE CAN SERVE YOU BETTER"
The Jonah-Prat Co.
OOBDON JONAH    .    .    Proprietors    -     -    OEOBOE PRAT
401 Hastings Street West, Corner Homer
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Ota CLUB CAFE
—AN ABSOLUTELY UNION HOUSE THROUGH AND THROUGH—
612 PENDER STREET WEST
(Two doors eaat of OranviUe)
NOW DOING BUSINESS
AND A SPLENDID BUSINESS, TOOI
ONE OP THE MOST MODERN AND UP-TO-DATE EAMNfJ HOUSE8
IN VANOOUVER   '
If you want something different in Servico, nlong with the beBt meal
in Vancouver for the priee, give this all-union* eating house a visit.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ATTRACTIVE DISPLAYS OF
T^ew oMillinery> Styles
DEVELOPED FOR SPRING
T^ESIGNERS have displayed remarkable ingenuity in creating a world of-
lJ deft and clever Spring Hats. The models which comprise our new showing are unusual, for their distinctiveness and practicability. The well-groomed woman will delight in reviewing this display.
. /THERE ARE HATS HERE FOR SPORTS' WeARt-AFTERNOON WEAR
-DRESS WEAR-AND ALL OCCASIONS
The newest colorings and shapes in crepe and straw combinations, plain straws, fabric and ribbon hats are represented.
WE  INVITE  TOU
Opening Days: Thursday, Friday and Saturday
532 GRANVILLE STREET
Ca
oMJI/inery"
ness and unemployment Insurance, with free
medical and hospital treatment during sickness; this to npply to dental treatment as
woll as  ordinary illness.
Mothers' Pensions
Legislation to provido pensions for moth*
ers, who through any causo, are loft without
support; to enable them to bring up their
children without the necessity of placing
them in orphan homes and similar instltu
tlons.
ThiB legislation should bo based on tho
principle, thnt mothers could not bo better
employed than In rearing their children in
homo surroundings.
Restriction of Child Labor
Tho restriction of child labor in any form
under the age of sixteen years.
An   Act   Respecting   Injunctions   in   Trade
Disputes
In this uct the expression  "trude dis-
State Sickness anl Unemployment
Insurance
Legislation to provide for free state sick-
put.'" means any dispute!
(1) Botwoori employers and workmen;  or
(2) Between  workmen and workmen,"
which is connected oltlur directly or indirectly (u) with the omploymont or non-employment or the terms of lho employment, or
wltb tlie conditions of labor, of any persons,
or wiili tbe refusal by uny person or persons to do or lo perform any particular work
rvtcc; ((b) und lbe expression "workmen" means nil persons ordinarily (c) employed in trude or Industry, wliothor or not
In the omploymont of the employer with
whom ii Irude dispute arises.
2. No retraining order or injunction,
whother Interlocutory or 'permanent, shall, in
any  cuse  of  a   trade  dispute,   bc   issued   oi
grunted   by  nny   court or judge thereof,   te
restrain   or  prohibit  any   persons,   or trade
union, whether singly or* in concert
(1)    From  t ■rmiruiting any relation of employment; or
(12)    From censing to perform any work or
lubor; or
^ (It)    From   recommending,  advising  or per
minding others,  by peaceful menns to do
or   refrain   from   doing   anything   mentioned  in clauses   (1)  and   (2);  or
(4)    From attending nt or near u\ bouse or
plnce where nny such p<rson or persons
may   lawfully   be   for   the   purposo   of
peacefully obtaining  or    cotniiiunicuting
information  or of  peacefully  persuuding
nny person or   persons  to  work   or to
nhatuin from working or for nny other
purpose enumerated  in this section; or
(0)    From  ceasing  to palronlz? or to employ any person  or persons,  company or
corporations, or from recommending,, advising, or persuading others by peaceful
and lawful juenns so to do; or
(0)    From   paying   or   giving   to,   or ■.withholding   from,   nny   person   or   persons,
any strike 'benefits  or other monies or
things of value; or
(7) From peaceably uss'milling in a lawful manner and for lawful purposes) or
(8) From doing any net or thing which
might lawfully he done in the absence
of such dispute by any party thereto;
(n) nor shall any nf the acts specified
in (bis section (b) nor the ngreement
by two or mor? persons tn do or to
perforin or to refrain from doing any
of such acts, be considered or held to
bo contrary to low.
B. An act done by a person in contemplating or furtherance of n trade dispute
shnll not be actionable on the ground only
that It induces some* other |> tsoii to break
tho contract of employment or that it is an
interference with the trade, business, or employment of somo other porson, or with the
right of some olh?r person to dispose of his
capital or his labor as ho wills. ,
Same Clothes
For $10 Less
--pHE SAME CLOTHES for $10 less—that sums up the advantage of trading in this second-floor store.   What other
merchants assess you for unnecessary expenses, we've completely
eliminated.
LI ERE IS A STORE without excessive ground-floor rent, without delivery costs. A store that buys for cash, sells for cash,
and operates so economically and effectively as to produce values
in suits and overcoats which cannot be equalled elsewhere.
Q OME AND SEE our NEW SPRING STYLES.   Suits and
overcoats with quarter-linings and sleeves of silk, hand-tailored with individual care, from thc finest fabrics in thc land. And
here's
The Robinson Guarantee
If you can duplicate the clothes I sell for $21, elsewhere, for less
than $30 or $32,   come back and I will refund your money.
_JU>4i*mrt4m& STAIRS
Clothes Shops Lti
•    Comer Hastings and Richards Streets
(Over World Office)
The Largest
Exclusive Clothiers
In Canada
Winnipeg
Ottawa
Vancouver PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY March 15, 1918
Sale of Pure Paints, Linseed Oil, White
Lead, Varnishes, Stains and Kalsomines
At Wholesale Prices and Less
WE RESERVE THE EIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITES TO ANT ONE
CUSTOMER
OPPORTONITY knocks at every man's door once. Count tile the
hest opportunity you will have this year to purchase the aho-re
goods.   With prices steadily advancing it oehooves every person
■who intends repaperiug or painting to take advantage of this special
offering.   I-argd stocks and forward '.Lying are the reasons for these
special values.   Now for three days of the greatest activity.   These
offerings will earn lt.
SPENCEB'S PUKE READY-MIXED PAINTS—Guaranteed to be made
from linseed oil and white lead, in cream, light slato and dark slate.
Today's value *4.75 gallon.   Salo priee J3.68
Today's valuo $2.50  _ gnl.   Sale price ..., »1*W
Also in shades of dark greens, insido and outside white.
Today's value $5.25 gallon.   Salo prico .J3-B8
Toduv's vnlue $2.75 % gallon.   Salo price »Z.U6
500 GALLONS RAINBOW CREOSOTE SHINGLE STAIN—In shades
»-aal?Hns, tl.00 value for 85c   1-gnl. tins, $1.25 value for  B6c
PUBE LINSEED OIL—Four-gal. tins, raw or boiled, a gallon I1.B6
PORE TURPENTINE—Buy beforo the prico advances. Largo bots. 85c
SPENCEB'S BEST FLOOR VARNISH—Highest quality—
Ono Ballon $3.26   Half gnl $1.76   Quarts    95c
SPENCER'S GLAZOI.AC VARNISH STAIN-It dries overnight.   For
floors ami furniture in yalnut, dark and light oalf, otc—
Hnlf cnllon  S1.90   Quart   $1.00   Pint 65c
"EVERYBODY'S" COLD WATER KALSOMINE—Tho perfect kalBO-
mino; nil shades and white.   Buy your future requirements; 6-Ib. pack-
HABDOIL VABNISH—For interior woodwork. Gnl. $1.75; _ gal $1.00;
SPENrCEB°''s GLAZOL ENAMEL FLOOR PAINT—Stands hardest wear;
nil shades: .„„„.*.. «i is
Half gallon   $2*20   Quarts  ■»•»
SUPERFINE LINOLEUM VARNISH—Highest quality—
Ono gallon $3.26   Half gallon $1.76   Quart .95c
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
"Bottling Up"
NABOB
COFFEE
IN other words, VACUUM
PACKING Nabob Coffee
makes all tho difference in the
world to your morning cup o'
cheer. Tou get more real coffee, therefore more real pleasure.  It's worth a trial.
Vancouver, B.C.
Tba Unpatriotiam of Wealth ,
Editor B, O. FederationiBt: It never secma
to dawn upon onr present-day rulers the
great danger of wealth to the future welfare and the future existence of the race,
Yet as a matter of biological fact the wealthy
class are endangering the Empire. The reason that where families are so well-to-do
that all their members have an equal chance
of survival and even their weaklings are
able to live and marry and propagate, selection is suspended and the degeneration
of stock Ib inevitable. Bpeaking of Oreat
Britain, Professor Pearce saya: "The accumulation of wealth, that at one end of
society makes no test of brains or physique
requisite before a man may multiply bis
typo, that is the condition of thousands in
Oreat Britain today, and must result fn degeneration. Unfortunately the evil does not
end there. Whilo the rich are degenerating
because of excess of wealth, the poor are
degenerating becauso of the lack of it. The
rate of infantile mortality, non-selected, is
very cxceBBive among the poor."
Biology, thorefore, sots the problem of
poverty and wealth in a new light. It shows
that extreme wealth on one Bide and extreme poverty on the other, are conditions,
which besides being very unjust, are almost
certain to bring about the downfall of any
nation, and even tho final ox termination of
tho raco,
The rich and their supporters ought to
bo denounced as traitors to the nation for
what does wealth and poverty bring in
its train but war, postilonce, exposure, dis-
ease and promaturo death to millions?
Some say the world Is overpopulated, and
war nnd diseaso and famine are necessary
to destroy a portion of the population. Poverty and famine novor yot relieved the stress
of population. In Ireland there wero never
so many children born as during and following her greatest famine. The social ownership of the means of wealth production
will solve the problem of increasing population. Under a proper social ordor all will
bo securo in tho opportunity to obtain a
comfortable living and tho unnatural increase
of the population resulting from material
distress, caused by poverty, will cease.
The shortened day of labor will give time
for the physical and mental development and
activity of nil. Tho unnatural incrcaso of
tho poorly developed becaus a of overwork
will cease and under this new order the
whole earth will bc developed along scientific lines. All will bo producers and all
will draw from the common stores tho full
equivalent of their toil. Thon thero will bo
neither failures, Btrikes," lockouts or bankrupts and as there is no crown to the brain
of mnn. wo will bo ablo to develop some of
tho higher Ideals that eome of our ancient
philosophers used to dream of.
J.  H.  HODGKINSON.
Nanaimo, B. C, March  12, 1016.
fEDERAUOMST
'as to what he thought ahould become of the
captured German colonies after the war. This
speech was brought up in the house of commons by Ur. Lees Smith, on Feb. 6, inquiring if Gen. Smuts spoke for the war cabinet.
Ur. Bonar Law, In replying, stated he
(Smuts) apoke for himself, which waB his
privilege bo long as ho was understood to
be speaking for himself only. Surely If a
member of snch an important body as referred to has suoh freedom, and Is not considered disloyal, I can repudiate charges and
insinuations made againBt me by members of
the G. W. V. A. questioning my loyalty—
a charge I challenged at the time, and challenge now, through the public press, both
in reference to my action in the recent bye-
election, or any other action since being a
member of the G. W. V. A. Since returning
from France I have tried to re-enlist three
different times for active service, and from
letters I continually receive from the
trenohea, from men I fought with, I believe
they (who know me) still believe me to be
bb loyal as thoae who charge rae with being
disloyal. In conclusion, Ur. Editor, I regret having to writo this, but I bolieve in
self-preservation and, If necessary, retaliation
—a polioy reluctantly adopted by tho British
war cabinet in dealing with the Hun.
T. A. BARNARD.
(7th Battalion)
1118  Hamilton  street,   Now  Westminster,
Maroh 10, 1918.
JAS.TH0NSQN&S0NS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
TWIN
UNION
MADE
SHIP CARPENTERS will find the very garment thoy need in our
No 15 Ovorall. It is specially designed to stand all the hard,
rough wear that you can put it to. It is mado of heavy unbleached
duck and is fitted with special pockets. Thore are six nail pockets,
a rule pocket and four other pockets. Two straps are provided to
hold hammer and hatchot. The nail pockets aro so contrived as to I
hang free, when tho wearer bends over, thereby preventing nails
or screws from spilling. This garmont hus a bib, is equipped with
easily dctachablo elastic suspenders. It is double-stitched throughout, pockets are tackod and buttons uro rivctted. Each garment
carries the Twin Bute and tho Union Label.
Under Which Flag 7
^Article from Vanoouver Blighty, Jan, 81|18)
Considerable indignation was aroused locally over the action of Comrade Barnard,
president of the New Westminster branch of
the fi. W. V. A. in his attack on Sergt. Drinnan from an opposition platform the night
beforo polling day. It cannot be expected
that in nny largo association a perfect unanimity of thought can exist; or that every
member will soe eyo to eye with his brother,
but it Ib expected that when a common principle is at stake, ahd whon the genoral welfare of tho association is being fought for
in public, that Individual members will bo
big enough and broad onough to relegate to
tho background their own petty likes and
dislikes and forget thoir own personal differences of opinion for tho good of the
whole, in order that by solidarity, success
may bo attained. It is by actions of tho
kind in question that our enemies (and wo
have a sufficiency of them) will seek to
disintegrate us aB n body and prevent by the
introduction of factions and disunity, our becoming the most powerful organization in
Canada. Tho incident was particularly regrettable by reason of the fact that Barnard's attack was not made ngainst tlio
principle of securing returned soldiers' representation in parliament; but upon tho alleged methods practiced by our candidate to
assist hiB election'—in other words, being
himself n strong political opponent of some
of the speakers who campaigned for Drin-
nnn, ho did not hesitate to denounce our
candidate, lock, stock and barrel. If this
sort of thing is to becomo general the opportunities for accomplishing any good for
soldier-civilians, and tho dependents of soldiers, as undertaken by the G. W. V. A.,
will vanish entirely and givo plaoe to n
number of disgruntled bodies of men whose
personnl nmbitions and proclivities will prevent united action along nny givon lines.
Thnt in unity is strength must* bo tho constant watchword of every member of the
G. W. V. A. If the alms of our organization
are to be realized. The common good can
only be achieved by unanimity of purposo
and action.
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAUBIE AND HASTINGS STREETS
Steps Towards Painless Dentistry
fl   For those who believe the Jewish tale of the Creation, the
first painless surgical operation was performed when Jehovah
put Adam into a deep sleep and extracted a rib with which to
make his wife.
1} All through the written history of our race, we find accounts of attempts being made to relieve pain through the
administration of drugs.
Q The ancient Egyptians and other contemporary races frequently used preparations of Indian hemp to induce anaesthesia.
<| In the second and third century the Chinese used the
same method of inducing sleep to relieve pain.
I] The juice of the mandrake, opium, alcohol and other
drugs were used for the same purpose in the early and middle
ages; in fact, alcohol is now classed as an anaesthetic and a
man paralyzed drunk is quite as insensible to pain as if he
were under the influence of ether or chloroform.
<J The year 1844 marks an epoch in dental surgery. The first
painlcBS extraction of teeth, under nitrous oxide or "laughing
gas", was performer in Hartford, Conn., on Dec. 11, of that
year,'by Dr. J. M. Riggs.
q Horace Wells, a dentist of Hartford, was the first to enjoy
the privilege of having his molar removed, without pain. Since
that date nitrous oxide has been one of thc most popular agents
in dental surgery. Its administration, in conjunction with
pure oxygen, is still extensively used, not only in extractions,
but also in the preparatory work of filling; the patient being
kept in a drowsy, semi-conscious condition, knowing what is
taking place but feeling no pain.
•J   Gas and oxygen combined can bc satisfactorily administered also in major surgery and, the patient kept in complete
anatheusia for hours at a time, if necessary.
(Continued Next Week)
RING UP SEYMOUR 2364 FOR APPOINTMENT
Under Which Flag?
Editor B. G. Federatlonist: Ths above article appeared in Blighty of Jan. 81 last.
I wrote the editor of that paper on Fen. 6
asking him to correct tho untruths therein
but as he did not do so, I am asking you
to pleaso publish tho following letter, giving
my side of the mattor. Dealing first with
tho article, "Under Which Flag," I would
suggest to the writor of the article referred
to, to ask himself the question, "Under
which flag 1"—the flag of truth or untruth;
freedom or bondage, etc. I d.*ny absolutely
that I attacked Sergt, Drinnnn, or nny other
returned soldier, or said one unkind or harsh
word about any of my comrades; much less
did I attack Sergt. Drinnan, "lock stock
and barrol," nnd 1 herewith challenge the
editor of Blighty to prov: one tittle of his
charges lu reference io my alleged attack on
Sorgt. Drinnan. I will make my challenge
practical by putting np $100—to $100—from
tho writer of article referred to, if they
can provo 1 said one sentenco against any
returned soldier from Mrs. Smith's plntform.
If the chnrge is sustained, tny $100 shall
bo equally divided between Vnncouver and
New Westminster hospitals. If not proven,
the othor $100 to bs divided ns above, while
the winner in nny case is to havo his money
roturned to him. 1 did, however, attack
tho methods of some of those .supporting
Sergt. Drinnan; for that I moke no apology,
and were similnr conditions to arise and
opportunity present itself, I would repent
my actions. In my opinion, some of the
methods of those supporting Sorgt. Drinnan
were moan and contemptible and unworthy
of the approval of men who offered' their
liv -s tn protection of tho womon, children,
etc., of France, Belgium, otc. I protested
from the platform of Mrs. Smith; I protest
now, against the G. W. V. A. being made
the tool of any political pnrty. In accusing
mc of being a political partisan Corp. Paige
must bo judging me by his own experience
for nt that time I was a member of no political party In Canada. And In speaking
from Mrs. Smith's platform, I was speaking,
from an independent's platform, while If
Sergt. Drinnan himself was not a Tory, several of his active supporters hava Tory hides
thick bb a rhinoceros, .and ho himself stated
he was an "opposition" candidate, The
Daily Sun on Jan. 24, in substance, gavo
a fair report of what I said from Mrs.
Smith's platform. Compare that report with
the untruthful article referred to In Blighty
and In this I am willing the publlo be the
Judge.
The results of one or more of tho recent
bye-electtonn, contested as G. W. V. A. candidates, would never have been In doubt,
but the publie wilt not be fooled even by
a returned soldier when he uses a "nom
d_> plnme." It seems to me the campaign from
the nomination convention to polling day
was manipulated by the Tory party machine,
and while I have the honor to be a member
of the G. W. V. A„ it shall never he used
by any political party without my protest.
Corp. Paige writes about a common principle
being at stake. What principle, may I ask!
I claimed, from Mrs. Smith's platform, great
and vital principles were at stake, and In
opposing her, the first woman candidate in
B. C., was a poor way to show appreciation
and thanks, for all that women have done—
nnd are still doing—for soldiers, returned or
away. One plank in Mrs. Smith's platform
should appeal to any person having the la-
tercsts of women and young girls at heart,
viz., a minimum wage. Tho electorB of Vancouver showed by their votes that they support a candidnte pledged to remove, If possible, conditions thnt compel girls to sell
their bodies to help sustain life, thereby making the first step—and prostitution. If, as
Corp. Palg' says, the G. W. V. A. Is Indignant because we seek to better conditional
of those hitherto unable to help themselves,
then it must remain indignant. Wo refuse,
when Injustice is done, to be muscled 'by
nny pnrty, society, clique, etc. We went
to France to fight for democracy; now we
nre returned wc will still fight for democracy, even if we court the dlnplensure of
Corp. Pnlgi, or tho.se he speaks for—If anyl
"Under wliich flag" is correct. Although
T was at thnt time president of the New
Westminster branch of the G. W. V. A., yet
I explained at the time, thnt I spoko as a
returned soldler-cltiz-n, nnd not as an officer of the G. W. V. A.—n recognised custom
with hundreds of precedents. Quite recently
(Jan. 28 last) Genernl Smuts, n member of
the Imp rial  war cabinet,  spoke  In London
Earned Incomes tb. Unearned Incomes
Editor B. C. Federationist: The British
Labor (socialist) party has ceased to be a
hard-working wage-laboring man's party It
is now asking all worksrs, with hand or
brain, to  join  its ranks.
The ultimate aim of socialists is to augment earned incomes and to abolish unearned
incomes.
Single-lasers would augment earned Incomes nnd abolish unearned incomes, so far
ns theso results cnn be secured, by the abolition of private monopoly of land.
Of the fourteen steps which Marx proposed whereby to augment earned incomes
nnd nbolish unearned incomes, the first was:
Abolition of private property in land (by
ths application to publio purposes of all
rents from land.)
Now, Mr. Editor, if it was wise for all
the Allies to send representatives to the
Paris conference, why will it not bo well
for single-taxers to be represented at the
London radical conforonco?
Thero aro in tho world millions of voterB
who aro tremendously interested in tho land
question, but who are not thorough socialists;
but it seems■ to me that anyone who wishes
to see earned incomes augmented to the
highest possible standard; and who also
wishes to abolish some unearned incomes,
should bs invited to that conference.
Also Mr. Editor, why should we not have,
cither in Canada or in tho United States,
an American conference of all who wish to
augment earned incomes (taking the abolition of unearned incomes as a sort of corollary) ¥ There ars many different groups of
radicals, all aiming to augment earned incomes. Why not get together? Farmers
and wage-workers havo different sectors to
guard; but wo ought to have a contral staff
to keep ub in touch with each other. Earned
Incomes versus unearned incomes Ib the paramount issue—world-wide, world-old.
Just now I am a farmor. But I havo been
trade unionist. I am both a socialist
(Marxian), and a singletaxor (Georgian). I
am also a co-operator and an advocate of
municipal ownership, and a member of the
National Farmers' Nonpartisan League. All
these organizations Btand for augmenting
earned incomes and for abolishing nt least
somo unearned incomes.
Co-operators stand for abolishing the un:
earned incomes of middlemen—though many
co-operators hnve no idea at all as to the importance of the land question.
Municipal ownership advocates want to
abolish the unearned incomes of owners of
municipal franchises. Well, that is good as
far as it goes.
Singls lexers want to abolish tho unearned
incomes of land speculators, which in rent
and increase nmounts to some $17,000,000,-
000 in tho United Stntes alone; and the abolition of private monopoly in land would
double tho incomes of all workers who aro
now getting less than $4 a day. These are
big items—and I like to work with single
taxers. But I fnll to see how singlo tax will
abolish the banking graft; nnd Bome other
grafts, so I nm primarily a socialist, for
Marx taught the abolition of 'ALL unearned
Incomes,
When we get to questions of tactics, w*
are all split up; several kinds of socialists,
limited and unlimited singlo taxers; direct
action and political co-operators.
But, Mr. Editor, to come back to fundamentals, why can't nil who wish to augment
earned incomes (whether from wages or from
s?lf-employment, for the two nre closely related)—why can't all who wish to augment
earned incomes, and who also wish to abolish
(even some) unearned Incomes, got together?
Why can't wo have a week's conference,
■very paper and address on some phase of
this paramount issue "How to augment (at
least some) earned Incomes? or on "How to
sbolish (at least some) unearned incomes?
Can any ono suggest n more fundamental,
all-inclusive statement of our issue?
W. H. KAUFMAN.
Beilingham, Wash., March 6,  1918.
comparatively small portions of theae areas
that can and might be cultivated, but, notwithstanding, pnrks and school grounds certainly can not be classed as "unused" but,
on the contrary, are serving a very useful
purpose, (b) A few daya ago I waa informed by a gentleman, who has reeently
been in London, that the great London parks
are atill, aa far as he oould see, "uncultivated," and in the aame condition as "before the war."
10. Objection:    "Would   Interfere   with
tax sale."    Answer: Would not have the
slightest offect upon tax sale for the reason,
suggested cultivation conscription period
would expire November this year, while under usual tax sale conditions impossible for
purchaser to obtain possession until one
year from date of aale.
11. Objection: "The olty, if it approaches
owners of vacant lots, either personally
through its representatives, or by mail, will
no doubt be able to secure temporary possession of a considerable number." Answer:
ThlB is the course that has been followed np
to date. It takes a great deal of valuable
time, correspondence, eto., and is only partially BuccoBsfuJ, owing to the impossibility of
getting in touch with many owners, delay in
receiving consent, unreasonable attitude of
Bomo owners, etc. Thla is the course which
doubtless Bhould Btill be followed in the case
of lots 'fenced and improved, bnt In view of
the Empire's need and the fact that the
planting season Is now at hand, surely It is
not an extreme and unreasonable thing to
suggest that the "first class of conscripts"
In vacant lots shall be areas unfenced, vacant
and unused, upon which there are no buildings, and which have been uncultivated during the past two years, and that, the necessary legislative powor shall be immediately
asked for and given, which shall appoint
some authority empowered to turn theso
areas over to any any individual citlsens
patriotic enough to undertake to culticate tho
same during tho season  of 1918.
I regret taking up so much of your valuable space, but If a year from now tho situation iB bb serious as all authorities anticipate, It Ib to be hoped that Victoria will
not then bo reproached with having permittod many splendid lots to remain unproductive during 1918 owing to lack of initiative
in falling to take tho necessary steps to secure tho right to arrange for cultivation of
all of thoso unfenced, vacant, unused and
neglectod areas.
A. E. TODD,
Mayor of Victoria.
March 6,  1018.
Plasterers—J. Williamson, A. Harry.
Progressive Home Workers—Cora M. King.
Retail Clerks—A, P.  Glen.
Railway MaU Clerks—No delegates.
Railroad Employees—E. Robson, F. Armstrong.
Oil Refinery Workers—A. Smith.
Street Railway Employees—F. A. Hoover,
H. Cottrell, Kermode.
Sheet Metal Workera—A, J. Crawford.
Sailors—W. Hardy.
Shoe Workers—W. Elvin.
Stage Employees—No delegatee.
Shipyard Laborers—"   *"  *
■M. Phelps.
Steam Engineers—W. A, Alexander, D.
Hodges, J. MoDonald, W. L. Vaughan, H.
Longley, G. Anderson.
Shipwrights—K. McKenzie, R. HcKenile,
A. MoAnlnch.
Stoam Shovel and Drodgemon—No delegates.
Tailors—C. Neilaon.
Typos.—W. R. Trotter, G, Bartley.
Tllelayers—J. Kavanaugh.
Telegraphers—G. L. Gauvreau.
Teamsters—F. Poole, B. Showier, W. M.
Brown, F. Haslett.
Warehousemen—J. Rose, J. Edgar.
Total, 107.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
flrat and third Thursdaya. Executive
board: President, G. J, Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. B. Midgley; treasurer, F. KnowleB; sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F,
AfrHoovor.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADEB  COUNCIL—
Meeta aecond Monday in the month. Preeldent, Geo. Bartley;  secretary,  R. H, Neelanda, P.O. Box 60.
BARTENDERS'   LOOAL 50.   676—MEETS
first Bunday of eaeh month, Labor Temple.
President, Frank McCann; flnanolal secretary.
Wm. Mottishaw, 610 Holden Bldg., Box
424, Phone Sey. 2672; recording aeoretary,
Wm. Mottishaw, P.O. Box 424, Vaneonver,
B. O.
Australia is sending wheat to Canada and
the United States, so that Canada and the
United States oan Bhip more wheat to En-
rope.
Re Oonscription of Vacant Lots
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Recent editorials and letters have appeared in the local
pross taking exception to certain suggestions
I have made advocating conscription of unused, nnfenosd, vacant lots, for oultvatng
purposes.
Inasmuch as the urgent necessity of increased food production is bo generally admitted and realized, and inasmuch as similar
but much more drastic steps to incrcaso food
supply have bosn taken in Great Britain, I
nm at a loss to understand why my suggestions havo mot with such serious opposition.
Tnking up the different objections that
have boen made, I will, with your permission,
as briefly as possible, reply to them as follows:
1. Objection: "Mayor's Todd's lot conscription goes too far" and "Evory means
should bc exhausted before decision reached
to conscript property wholesale." Answer:
Schemo does not conscript property "wholesale," but applies only to unfenced, vacant
lots, unused, and upon which there are no
buildings, and which have bsen uncultivated
during the past two years.
2. Objection: "It amounts to confiscation
for six months of the year." Answer: (a)
If it Ib alright to conscript a man for the
duration of tho war, why not a neglected,
unused, vacant, unfenced lot until 15th Nov.
next? (b) Any plan of conscription of vacant lots, for cultivation purposes, to be successful, must giinrnnte? the cultivator against
unreasonable ejection.
:f. Objection: "It might be possible to
speak of ■ Mayor Todd's scheme if it applied
only to land In arroars of taxes, but upon
lots upon which the taxes are paid up to
date, there are considerations involved which
cannot be overlooked." Answer: Imagine a
conscript, arguing before an exemption board
that he should not be conscripted, basing his
argument upon the fact that all his taxes are
paid up.    Would he be exempted?
4. Objection: "Proposal does not involve
rebate   of  taxes."     Answer:   Those   that
voluntarily gave use of their lands last year,
frequently fenced, and otherwise Improved,
and those that are voluntarily giving use of
their lands this year, did not receive, and
will not get, any rebate of taxes.
5. Objection: "Owner will b9 unable to
sell his land while tn possession of the city."
Answer: Majority of purchasers would hardly object to waiting till 16th November to
take possession. In few cases where immediate possession Is required, ejection clauses
fully cover the situation and the worst that
could happen the owner, purchaser or agent
making the sale is that between them, they,
In preference to waiting till 16th November,
might have to pay cultivator reasonable
amount of compensation, fixed, by the city
council, ih return for whieh compensation
they would receive the crop In the ground.
6. Objection: "Cultivation will leave soil
of lots in an impoverished condition." Answer; Cultivation will leave soil of lots ln
the same condition as cultivation has left,
and will leave soil of similar lots voluntarily loaned. (b) Cultivation will improve
condition of these long idle lots.
7. Objection: "Owner gets 'no compensation.' " Answer: Why should he? LotB
unfenced, vacant and unused certainly are
not producing any revenue.
8. Objection: "Only a period of five days'
notification before the city taking temporary
possession." Answer: Notification of five
days Is quite long enough for owners residing in tbe city or adjacent to the city. Absentee owners ef unased, unfenced, vacant
lots, upon which thore are no buildings, and
uncultivated during the past two years, aro
hnrdly likely to An any cultivating no matter
how long the time of notification may be.
Besides, many of these absentee owners am
fn Great Britain or at the front, and will
certainly not object to thoir lots being con-
scripted, for a few months, for tho purpose
of increased food production.
0. Objection: "Every Inch of parks, etc.,
and particularly school grounds should flrst
be cultivated," and it hi suggested that this
Ih tho course that has been followed In Great
Britain.     Answer:   Undoubtedly   thoro   are
A Severe Reprimand
To W. A. Alexander, Sec. Local No. 620.
Dear Sir & Bro. I have received 3 copleB
of The B. C. FederationiBt I have read them
with amaze. Tho Editorials Beem to mo nnything but reasonable, I cant for a minute
subscribe to approval of articles which approve of tho Bolcheviki, disown Debts, and
speak so vory dcBrespectfully of the Head of
our Empiro as to verge on Disloyalty.
In each of the copies which I have read,
there is a constant Wail about Wage slaves
and Rulors, as 85 por cent, of the Voters of
Canada and of the United-States are Wage-
EHrnors, I would like to, know who are tho
Rulers if not the Workers? If a Government
does not do what yon believo Right, why,
chango it by your Votes. We must have
Public-Opinion with ns if wo aro to Win, and
to do so we must bo RcaBonablo nnd Just in
all our Actions, Veiling nur Heads off and
Mouthing like a lot of Demented beings will
not do us any good but Disgust the Public
with whom Finally rests nil Results. Anarchical talk and unreasonable demnnds will
not gain any Permanent Good for tho Workors of the World, and the sooner that our
fellow workers realize this very Vital fact
the sooner wo shall succeed in gaining what
is needed to make conditions what they
should be. .     ■ *„
T. A. 8HACDLETON.
[Published at writer's request.—Ed. Federationist] .
Kamloops, B. O., March 9, 1918.
Why They Fear the Bolsheviki
Editor B. C. Federationist: Thot hostile
attitudo of the capitalist governments of all
the European countries towards tho Boisjio-
vlki of Russia is, from tho capitalist point
of view, very natural. Germany nnd Austria which aro the closest neighbors of Russia, being in fear that tho Bolsheviki movoment would spread over, among their own
slaves, are invading Russia with the purposo
of destroying the Bolsheviki. ,
Ths Central Powers, and more particularly
Germany, aro also in fear, that tho Bolsho-
vlki would stand by tho task, for which they
have been put in power by the Russian people.' That is to bring all thu natural resources of tho country under tho common
ownership of tho Russian people, which
would be a barrier to stop the capitalist in
Russia as well as thoso outside, of Russia
from exploiting that country for the sake
of proflt. ,'
■Somo other capitalist governments ore
feeling antagonistic to the Bolshoviki becauso
they nullified the loans which wore mado to
the Czar's government. But it would bo unjust if tho RuBBian people would havo to
pay interest on money loaned to the Csar s
government for the purpose of conquest, war
profit nnd wholesale murdsr.
Besides the Czar's government never asked
tho working class, which are the only creators of all the wealth, for their conaont to
their loans. Instead thsy plunged that country into a ruinous national debt, for which
tho working class would havo to bleed for
many yearB to come. The working class ot
Russia cannot bo made responsible for a
situation which has been forced on their
country by an autocratic government.
According to ths dally press, the Japanese
also are preparing to invade Russia, The
alms of Japan are just as imperialistic as
those of Germany, in which the downfall of
the Bolshoviki is the most important thing.
Thero Ib no doubt that the bourgeois of Russia would rather be under Gorman or Japanese supremacy, under which they could
maintain the freodom to squeeze profit out of
the hide of their Blaves, than to sec the Bolshoviki survive.
If it should happen thnt the Bolsheviki be
put ont of power, thsro only will bo another
proof that socialism cannot bc introduced in
a   singlo   country,   that   is   surroundod   by
bunch of autocrats.
The people that aro in sympathy with the
Bolsheviki, havo no reason to bo aggrlsved
about their future. If the Bolsheviki Bhould
be put out of power it only will bo temporary.
However, the time is not very far away
when working peopls of overy country will
perceive that there Is no grievance among
themselves. That the hostility which exists
between the workers of different nations is
only artificially created by their masters, in
ordor to keep them in disunion and Blavery.
Thon the workers of every country will join
together in the common aim, to abolish a system which has kept them in slavery for many
centuries in the past.
J. GALITZKT.
Hedley, B. C, March 9,  1918,
OFFICUL   LIST   OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
OOUNOIL MEETING
Attendance Boll Prepared by Statistician Fred. Knowles of Central
Labor Body
I. L. A.—E. Winch, N. Lambert.
Bricklayers—W. Pipes, W. Dagnall, F.
Vaughn,
Barbers—C. Herrltt, 0. Heiso, H. V. Tnff,
A. R. Edgar.
Bartenders—W.   Mottishaw,
Bookbinders—No delegatea.
Brewery WorkerB—J. Pike.
Boiler Makers—T. Fawkes, E, Alston, V.
Young, E. Moore, M. McEachern,
Bridge and Structural Ironworker!—R,
Mass;car.
Bakers—No delegates.
Blacksmiths—No delegates.
Cigar Makers—J. Walters.
Civic Employeea—V. R. Mldgley, G. Harrison, J. Logan, J. McFarlane, J. White, S.
Cochrane.
Cooks and Waiters—A. Graham, W, McKenzle, P. Brisbane.
Carpenters, Bro,—G. H. Hardy, G. C.
Thom, W. Thomas.
Carpenters, Amalg.—J. G. Smith, R. Edmonds,
Civic Employees (North Shore)—No dole-
gates.
Deep  Sea  Fishermen—R.  Kearley.
Electrical Workers—W. Murdock, W. A.
Trousdale.
Garment WorkerB—Miss H. Gutteridge,
Flremsn  (Civic)—No delegates.
Freight Handlers—A, Lilburn, 0. Blunt,
J. Davis, A, Gllberthorpe,  C. Honcyeett.   .
I. A, M. 777—F, E. Edney, A. DavldBon,
G.  Knowlton,
I. A. M. 720—R. Voungash,  R. Howarth.
I. A. M. 182—J. H. McVety, J. BrookB,
G. Lyle, A. R. Towlor, W. Hawthorne.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, J. Dodd, 0.
M, Hungerford.
Longshoremen—G. Kelly, 8. J. Mlddleton.
Lath ers—No  delegates.
Moving Picture Operators—W, Clayton.
Molders—A. Hubert.
Meat Cutters—N, Brazewcll, B. W, Lane,
T.   Anderson.
Musicians—A, J. Malscord, J. Denis.
Mill WorkerB—G. Campbell, W. Kean, J.
Gibbons.
Pressmen—E.  Vernon,
Plumbers—G. Rose, F, W. Welsh, A.
Morrell.
Pattern Makers—No dolegates.
Painters—H. Grand,* R. Stevenson.
Press Assistants—No delegatea,
Piledrlvers—W. F. Ironsides.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is IT IN YOTO8?
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville BUM
610 Haatinga Streot Waat
ASS TOUB OHOCEB FOB
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
DWOH MILLED
J.  PHILLIPS  k  00.,  AfUtI
1828 ___
Plume 6U6
Hon
ELECTRIC FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jinrii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richard, Street
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Temple
VAVOOUVEB. B. 0.
—Headquartera for Labor Hen—
Ratea—75c and (1.00 per day.
(2.50 per week and np.
Oafe at Reasonable Bates
CLELAND-DIBBLE    ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited
raOTO ENOBAVBBS — OOMMEKOIAL
ABTISTS
Pbone Seymour 7169
TUrd  Floor,  World  Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER.  B.  0.
—The only Union -Shop ln Vancouver—
PRINTING
OOWAN ft BBOOKHOUSE
Ltbor Jemple Preu     Sey. 4490
ARGUE!
WM*S
reonoobaceo.
1. Parliament 0. Tnicott
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE HEW TABLES—
(Bruawlek-Balke Collender Oo.)
—Headquartera (or Onion Men—
Onion-made    Tobaccos,    Cigars    ud
Cigarettes
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1049 GEORGIA STBBBT
One Block weat of Court Home.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrona.
Telephone Sermonr 8485
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA*
tional Union of America, Looal No. 110—
Meets leoond and fonrth Tuoedaye la thi
month, Room 206, Labor Temple. Preildent,
L. E. Herrltt; eecretary, 8. H. Grant, 1671
Alberni itreet,     	
BRICKLAYERS' AND MAINS', NO.l—
MeetB second and foarth Wednesdays, I
p.m., Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding iecretary, W. S. Dagnall, Bin
58; financial secretary, W. J, Pipes. .
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—110011 every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Templo.
President, R. W. Hatley; financial seoretary,
Q. Thom; recording seoretary, 0. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Tomple. Phone Soy. 7496.
BREWERY WORKER*1 L. U. NO. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst aad third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 6 p.m. President, F. Oraham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenue west.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meeti
S^JM** ? P'm- ™idont, -■ Campbell, 220 Second Btreet; iecretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraier, 1161 Howe street; busineu
agont, J. H. Carmlchael, Roomi 212. Labor
Tem-'-
[limp,
lie.
COOKI* WAITEBS AND WAITRESSES,
Local 28—Meete overy Friday, 0 p. m.,
Labor Temple. President, Fred. Harris,* seoretary and business agent, Win. Mackenzie,
Room 209, Labor Templo. Office houra, 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL ONION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Loeal No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
temple. Presidont, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, Now Westminster: vlee-preBldont, P.
Chapman; sooretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexan*
dor, Room 216, Labor Tomple. Phone Sey.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S ONION OF THE
,»;"Slfil>—UM' "•"J Tueaday, 7 p.m, at
487 Gbre avenue. Russell Kearley, buslneaa
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meets in Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MoDongall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording
secretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple;
Snanolal secretary and business ngent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONOSHOREMEN'S AS*
soclation, Local 8862—Office and hall, 80a
lender street west. Meets overy Friday,
8 n.m. SecrotsrytreaBurer. F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Oordon Kelly.
'■ ,\i .h 1O0AL 88-M, AOXILIABT—
(Marine     Warohouaomen     and     Freight
Handlers). HeadQunrlora, 488 Howe street.
Meets  Brst  and  third Wednesday,  8  p.m.
Secretary and buslnesa agont, E. Winch?
MACHINISTS' NO. 182—MEETS SEOOND
and fourth Thuradaya at 8 p.m. Presidont,
J. Wallace:  recording aeoretary,  J. Brooks;
flnanclal secretary, J. H. MoVety, Room 211
Labor Temple.   Seymonr 7495.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Onion. No. 048—Meots
?".'   *™d   thi,i   Tuesdays   ot   eaeh   month,
Labor Temple,  8  p.m.       President,  B.  W.
Lane: rocordlng secretary, E. Lotting: financial secretary nnd business agent. T. W. An-
derson, Labor Temple.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NOKTH
America (Vanconver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fonrth Mondaya,
Room 204. Labor Templo. Preaident, Ray
M Deugal, 1928 Orant street; nnanclal aeeretary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venahlea atreet:
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247
Point Orey road.    Phone Bayvlew 2979L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERST LOOAL
No. 138—Meeta aecond and fourth Thursdays of each month. Room 808, Labor
i!SPn J*-"-!*"**. D* Hnghee; vleepre.l*
dent, D. Hughes; flnanolal-aec, L. Amos;
recording secretary, 8. Gould, 2149 Georgia
stroet east.
RETAIL CLERKS' ONION, LOOAL 279—
.11 j ft . Ll,b°r Tomplo overy Irst and
third Tuesdays. 8:15 p.m. President, Earl
P. Cornott, 656 Eleventh avenuo enst; secretary-treasurer, Archibald P. Glen. 1078 Mel-
vllle_street. _Phono_Soy. 5846R.
SHIPYARD LABORE'RSTFASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Locnl Union 38A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd nnd 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President. J.
Sully: flnnncial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business aagSnt and corresponding secretary,
w. llnrdy. Offlce, Roum 219*220, Labor
Temple.
BTltkE'l* AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY-^
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, aeoond and fourth Wedneadaya ol 8 p.m. Presidont, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, B. S. Cleveland; recording secre*
&!*' 'Ai.X' Lo"'*ig. 25»1 Trinity atreet.
Phone High. 168R; Inanclal secretary and
business agent, Fred. A, Hoover. 2409 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main atreeta.
STMtMIS or Numri 1WWLA
TIOKS.
COAL aatilig rlghu of the Boasiilal, ia
Maalteaa, Saskatchewan ui AlherW, the
Yukon Tenittrr, the Kerth-ITeat Tenheries
anl in • portion of He Prevlioe tf Brltlih
OeliaaMa, may be leased for t tons ef
Unity.a. yean renewal fer • farther teres
af 11 reara at an annual rental of fl an
aere. Net mere than 2,660 aerea will te
leased tt tit tpplleaat.
Application fer • leaae mnst bt made by
tke npllont in person to the Agent tr Bih*
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' ONION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday ln eaeh month, 8 p.m. Preal*
dent, A. R, Gntenby; vice-president, W.
» "a", recording secretnry, W. W. Hocken,
Box 603; flnanclal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508. '
GENERAir^TErMOTER^^ND^OHAOF?
'•»»• , Union, Local No. 665—Moots every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business ngent. J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Fnir. 715R;
nnanclal secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Rob*
V!i ■}r,i"''  Eho,le   s<>*'*   »■"■••  Office.  Room
218, Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. No. 226—Meete
last Sunday of ench month at 2 p.m. President. R. Marshall; vlee-preBldent, W. H.
Jordan; seeretary-trensurer, R. H. Neelanda,
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meots In
annual convention tn January. Executive
officers, 1Q18-19: President, Duncan MeCullum. Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouvor Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. B. Trottor; New Westminster, P.
Peobles; West Kootenay, Marcos Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernio. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wells, Box
1586, Victoria, B. C.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADEB AND LABOR
Council—Meets flnt aad third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Government street,
at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vie*-
president, T. Dooley, 1278 Denman street;
secretary, A. S. Wells, Box 802, Victoria,
B.O.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF UNIT-ED
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Mead
at K. of P. hall, North Park street, on tha
second and fourth Thursdays of eaeh month.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
2642 Scott itreet, Victoria, B. 0.	
__V___ RPPBBT. B. 0.
Altai af tho dlstriot ta whieh tbe rlghta ap
piled far are iltoatod.
Ia sirvoyed territory tho land moit be dei-
orihed hy sections, or legal sob-dlviiieai of
seetlaaa, aad la nnsurveyed territory th*
tract applied for ihall be staked out by thr
applloaat himself, , , .
Eaeh application must be accompanied by
a foa af 16 which will bo rofoaded If the
rlghu applied for are not available, but aet
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid en the
■erehaatable output of tbe mlae at the rate
ef Ave seats per ton. *.
The penea operating the mine ahall fnr
■isk the Agent with sworn returns aceaaatlng
fer the fall quantity ef merchantable coal
■lied and par tb« royalty thereon If lh«
eoal sslilig rights are not being operated
saeh return ihould be furnished at leant
ence a year. , ,
The lease will Include the eoal sslnln*
righti only, rescinded by Chap. 2T af 4f>
•eerge T. asoent*d to 12th Jane, 1*14.
Per full Information application should b*
made te the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Hub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORT.
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thin
advertisement will not be paid for-—88675.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Council—MeeU aeoond and fourth Tuei-
dayi of each month, In Carpentors' hall.
President, S. D. Maedonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.	
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. L
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets seeond and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Herd; vice-president, Andre*
Parker; recording seoretary, Jamei Bateman;
financial lecretary, W. Maedonald; treasurer, j. H, Richardson.
TRAIL,  B.  0.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 286—Meeta In Miners'
'Rail, overy Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. President, H. Bell; secretary, Fr#4 CUnaelL F. 9.
Drawer B„ Trail*, B. 0.
To members of any union In Canada a
special rate for Tho Fedorationist of $1
pjryear—If a club of 10 or moro is sent in.
Every Union in B.C. "JiyJ*
for THB FBDERATIONIST In a body.
PAY POR IT MONTHLY, quarterly or
yearly, as best suits the wishes of the
membership. Submit a motion at next
meeting—and advise The Federationlit
of the result. FBIDAT .Maroh 15, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
It all comes
back—
EVERY cent tnat goes to make up the difference in price between a good suit and
a poor one is money well spent. If you
could see them made, seo how carefully the
fabrics are chosen and cut, how minutely the
fashions are followed, the high-class quality
of the linings, trimmings, etc., you would
know why it pays to buy tho best.
We invite your inspection. Come and soe
how we make our clothes, then you'll know
why we make so many suits.
LADIES' SPITS from $35,00 up
MEN'S SUITS-$80.00 up
B.C.Tailoring Co.
Union Shop   128 Hastings St. E.   Est 1910
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
-LET-
BEST
^m^
BUHL STANDARD
Royal Standard
Flour and
Royal Standard
Rye .Flour
Assist You In Doing
Your "Bit"
The housewife who uses these two sterling Flours in judicious admixture, say, threo parts of "Rcyal Standard Flour" to one part of "Royal
Standard Rye Flour," will be delightod with tho results achieved in her
bread-making.
Tlie loaves produced will be characterized by a wonderfully satisfying,
wholesome flavor, and for real nutritivo qualities thoy cannot be equalled.
Patriotic Saving in Flour
is beiug mado effective by Bcores of housewivos today, and it is well.to
know thut for overy pound of Royal Standard Rye Flour used in your
baking, you save a pound of wheat flour—thus making a corresponding
gain for the Allies. It seems a comparatively simple saving in itBelf,
yet in tho aggregate, whon every family practices such economy, it looms
largo in prnctical results.
Buy "Royal Standard Flour" and "Royal Standard Rye Flour" nt
your favorite grocors, and toBt thoir unified "goodness."
Made In Vancouver by Vancouver workmen.
Look for the trado-murk, tho "Circle V." on evory sack.
PROBLEMS THAI
L CONFRONT
Many Questions to Be Dealt
With in the Years
After the War
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Impending Changes'in the
Relation of Employer
and Employees
[By Leslie £, Dennison]
TORONTO, Ont., March 9.—A. synopsis of
the British National Insuranco Act jiist to
hand for 1QH-1916 concludes that the
amount of sickness ln Great Britain has
steadily decreased since the beginning of the
war; that the average physical standard of
tho people (notwithstanding the toll of war)
ia better, owing to Improved conditions of
living, due to better wages. It also contains these significant statements:
' 'Although the people of England are doing
vastly more work and, In the wholo, better
work per capita than they have ever done
before, at least under the factory system
of production, the amount of sickness has
been steadily reduced from the beginning
of the war, the number of days lost from
productive efforts has diminished, the product
per capita has increased almost unbelievably.
Finally, tho Btatoment that the average physical condition of British men, women and
children has vastly improved, is confirmed
by the most casual observations of tbo people
as they are seen day by day.
"Tbo annual report on the subject sets
forth that from the beginning of the war
sickness among both mon and women haB
rapidly and steadily decreased. This is particularly true of the women. It is worth
while to observe just what has happened. In
1911 the average cost for all women getting
the benefits of the fnnd was 5 cents a week.
In 1915 it fell to 3 cents, In 1916 to 2
conts, and although the figures for 1917 have
not been made up it is certain that tbere
has been .another important decrease. In
other words, the average sick benefit for
women has required only about one-half aa
much money as it did In tho first year of
tlio war; and thiB ln faoe of the fact that
thiB particular class of women, millions of
them, in city and country, In the factory
and on the farms. In the shipbuilding plants
and munition works, are today almost literally doing the work of England. They have
been ablo to do the work which the men formerly did and vastly improve their health
while doing it."
Tho history of the trades union movement Ib roplete with instances where a shortening of hourB of labor and an increase ln
wages haB resulted in a betterment of the
working classes, both physically and mentally. Tis fact has been studiously ignored by
tho "union-busting" clement—happily a minority—among employers, No It Ib cheering
to those who have given their timo and
energy to the Labor movement, to havo
Inducement given (however indirectly) and
witness borne to tho soundness of their
views, by the conclusions of this great governmental roport. If one wore to draw an
imperfect conclusion from tho above, ono
would Bay, keep it up, the higher the wages
nnd the shorter the hourB, the better for all
hands, including the cooki
This brings to light, another quostion for
the consideration of the workers for tha economic emancipation of Labor: Thero Is
a point whoro the upward trend of wages
must stop or capital will not embark In an
industry whero Its earnings will be out of
proportion to Its rlskB. The answer to thiB
is that thore should be, in all industries,
partnership of capital and Labor. Labor possesses, ln tho great International unions of
tho various industries, the organizations, and
I believe, tho will, to do its share in the
working out of planB for tbe government of
each particular industry.
Now, it is a well-known faot that only the
essentials are going to count for a long time
in a great many fields of human endeavor.
If labor wore consulted in the proposal to
start anothor Industry In any centre whore
tho field wns already adequately covered,
(and, I boliove, Labor would give a fairly
correct answer) ther.1 would undoubtedly be
many a business (competitive only, and not
needed by the economic requirements of that
particular industry in tho proposed locality)
which would  "die a bornin'."    This would
release both capital and Labor for an essential industry at some point where it
would be needed.
Sounds revolutionary, does It not And
yet it is only reasonable, if expanded closely,
and In relation to the world shortage of
labor. One has only to look at the fundamental changes In industry during the-last
three years to see-that it U not really as
revolutionary aa it looks at flrst glance. It
would also tend to stability of employment
both of capital and labor. The cost of break-,
ing up of establishments and tne redistribu- i
tion of both capital and labor would bo
largely lessened, for one thing. ' It would
also tend to a more equal distribution of
manufacturing. The raw materials of tho
west would be manufactured (enough for
local consumption, anyway) on the spot, Instead of being hauled Mtobb the continent
in their raw atate, and then being taken back
acrosB the same road for distribution in their
manufactured state. The saving In men,
motive power an'd oars would release, these
for more needed work. Again, population
would be more evenly distributed, a distlnot
advantage. The factories would give employment to many men, and these, in time, would
need retail dealers In all commodities. The
rancher, with hia present staples of grain
growing and cattle-raising only, would tend
to disappear, and In his stead there would
be general purposo farmers and market gardeners and fruit growers.
Then there is the question of hours of
labor. It Is well known by all workers in
the organized tradeB, at least, that a shortening of the hours of labor does not tond to
curtailment of production. Indeed, the
contrary is true. With a shorter workday
the worker attends more strictly to his work;
his brain does not become fagged by monotony and, oonsequontly, even production Is
kopt up, This Is an important item where
muoh high-priced machinery is used. Tho
numbers of accidents lessens also in a greater
degree, (borne out by statistics) the greater
number of accidents happen late in the day,
whsn the worker is numbed by the monotony of hiB task. And with state accident
and hoalth insuranco, this would diminish
the drain upon tho taxpayer; as well as the
suffering and loss of earning power of the
Individual—wblch should also be a concern
of tha state.
On the question of the shorter workday,
I would liko to quote Lord Leverhulmo, of
Sunlight soap fame, from a looal paper.
Recently I quoted him as saying that all in
the Old Country would have to work, the
Idle rich as well as tho Idle poor, to repair
the ravages of war. He Ib in favor of a six-
hour day, giving St. Paul and Omar Khayyam as old-time examples of the bonefits of
tho shorter workday. He says that those
who oppose the shortening of tho hours, now
do so without really examining the question, and are the same old arguments as
were used when tho twelve-hour day and
ton-hour day were being agitated. He says:
"It Ib a simple, Incontrovertible and highly significant fact that both in the United
States and Oreat Britain every reduction ln
the working hours and every increase in
wages haB immediately followed by Increased
production at a lower coat, and Increased
efficiency of tho workman, who has also enjoyed greater spending powor and fuller op-
portunltltes for thrift and enjoyment of
lifo.
Thero is a world of economic wisdom
and truth in the old familiar Baying, 'All
work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.'
It is as applicable—perhaps moro applicable
—to factories than to schools.
What Is tho position of tbe employer in
regard to this proposal of a six-hour dayt"
said Lord Loverhulme, repeating a question,
"A modern faotory is equipped with expensive and elaborate machinery which usually
requires constant and careful supervision.
Whon In regular ubo it tends, of course, to
depreciate and itB upkeop Is an important
Item, which must be takon into account
when calculating working expenses and cost
of production. But suppose an employer
whose factory Ib now working only eight
hours a day in ono shift were to Introduce
' ifts of six hours each a day—one,
)m 7 a.m. to 1:30 p.m„ with half an
hour break for a meal, and the other from
1 p.m. to 8 p.m., with hnlf ah hour for tea—
what would bo tho result! His engines
and machines would work in tho aggregate
12 hours instead of eight hours a day; but
hiB production—mark this point I—would in-
crease by at least SO per cent., without, however, anything like a pro rata Increase In
the cost of production. As a matter of
fact, it has been found in some cases that
production has increased under these or somewhat similar conditions by as muoh aB 80
or more per cent! But, even with tho lower
percentage of Increase, lt is obvious that
tho employer ns woll bb the workman would
proflt by the chango.
"Let me mention, in passing, that In the
interests of health .efficiency and equity tho
two shifts would work alternately weok by
week in the morning and afternoon. That
is to Bay, shift A would work from 7 a.m.
to 1:30 p.m. one week and from 1:30 to
8 p.m. the next weok, while shift B would
reverse the rotation. Thus, overy alternato
wook the members of each shift would have
overy afternoon as well as every evening at
their disposal.
"Side by side by this reform in our work
ing hours," Lord Levorhulmo continued, "r
reform  which  I  advocate  on the ground of
HEALTH INSURANCE
BY
New York State Federation
,   of Labor Introduces
the Measure
Big "Jim" Lynch, ex-International Typo. President in Evidence
NEW YORK, March 9.—"Health initt-
ance is going to oome just as sure as workmen's compensation oame. To as, as wage-
earners, there are two courses open. Either
we may hold back blindly until a bill la
passed which Is disadvantageous and burdensome or we may have a bill so drafted aa to
protect and promote the interests of organised labor."
Tbis declaration Is made in a comprehensive report on workmen's health Insurance,
issued today for general distribution among
interested unions, by the committee on health
of the New York Btate Federation of Labor,
of whioh Commissioner James M. Lynch, of
the state Industrial Commission la chairman.
The committee's report sets forth in detail
the provisions of the health Insurance bill,
adopted unanimously by the 200 delegates at
the special state convention in Albany, Fob.
8. It appears simultaneously with the introduction of the Federation's bill in the legislature by Senator Courtlandt NIcoll, who
says: "The high percentage of physical disability disclosed by the draft examinations Is
a calf to prompt action ln furnishing health
protection to those who most need It."
Labor's Present Opportunity
'We are not going to alt idly by much
longer and see our citiiens afflicted by poverty due to sickness," says the report. Re*
ferring to the present opportunity and duty
of organised labor, the committeo atates:
"Already the casualty companies are selling
group Insurance tn plants, and a man haa to
work tbere a certain number of months in
order to be entitled to benefit. If he leaves,
he loses his righta. The detrimental effect
of such apian is obvious—it tends to tie a
man to his job. This Is the time for organized labor to push health insurance through,
otherwise the casualty companies will have
control of the situation to the extent that
we will not be able to control tho wage
sale,"
The Foderation of Labor was in the beginning Inclined to oppose health Insurance
legislation, but following careful stury during tho past year, and the favorable voto of
local unions throughout the state on the report and bill as finally accepted in revised
form by its own special committee, the Federation has now unanimously placed health
insurance on Ub immediate legislative programme.
The bill which covers sickness of all wage-
earners and their dependents, provides cash
and completo modical benefits for 26 weeks
in a yoar, and offers special maternity bonefits for working mothers and the wives of
insured workmon. The actual cost Is to be
shared equally by the employers and Insured employees, the maximum Bbare of the
workor being about two cents on the dollar
of woekly wagos up to $12. Lowor paid
workers pay proportionately loss and tho employer moro. General supervision of the syBtem Is vestod by tho bill in tho Stato Industrial  commission, as undor workmen's com-
Copenhagen
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
11 COPENHAGEN I
Ji," SNUFF :')i
L
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has • pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
EVERYTHING FOR MEN £35*
Ready-to-wear Olothing and Furnishings.
Also Suits made to measure, on tho premises.
Carhartt's Overalls, and other good makes.
Gloves, SOe to 19.50.
Shirts of all kinds. Oilskin Suits.
Underwear and Socks ot all grades.
-GIVE   US   A   TRIAL   AND   WE   WILL   DO   THE   BEST—
G. B. KERFOOT
166 HASTINGS STREET EAST
PHONE BET. 474
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CapltaL... 116,000,000        Bert. . 118,600,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VAHOOUVEB DISTBIOT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assist you in the patriotic and per-
sonal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interest at current rates, and welcomes small as well as large
accounts.
ponsatlon, with the atate bearing the cost of
administration. Fraternal and trade union
sickness Insurance la not affected br the
proposed act.
If yon haven't Joined tha Federated Labor
Party, get in touch with Seeretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents thranghaut the province. ***
The English government haa suppressed
two Sinn Fein newspapers in Ireland—tho
Kilkenny People and the Factlonlit.
GLASGOW,—The Scottish miners, tn ft
conference decided by a largo majority
against tho government man-power bill. Under the bill more miners would bo called to
the army.
efficiency, hygiene and numanttariantsm as
well as sound economic policy—side by side
with it I would place the principlo of copartnership, I believe in raising the economic and Boclal status of the workor, ln
Increasing his sense of responsibility by giving bim a direot pecuniary personal interest
In tho conduct and output of the factory
and in the profits accruing from his work.
I much prefer co-partnership to the bonus
system. In the former case the worker feols
ho Is a partner In the firm and Is receiving
his due, some share tbat he has fairly earned
as a co-partner by his skill and industry; in
the latter the bonus partakes of the cliarac-
t<T of an elcomoBynary grant, a charitable
dole, which the employor Is under no obligation to mako nnd which may fluctuate in
nmount at hts whim or caprlco without any
relation to the actual profits earned or tho
workman's skill and industry."
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists'
Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS and NURSERYMEN
TWO 8TOBE8*.
48 Bastings Street Eut.   Phone Bar. 968 ud 672
788 Granville Street,   Phona Seymonr 9613
NURSERIES:
Twenty-first Avenne and Main Btreet.   Phone Fairmont 796
Hammond, B. O.   Phone Hammond 17
OPENS TODAY at 10:30 a.m
LOT NO, 1
Men's Fine Suits, the famous Houso of Hoberlin
brand, including fine worsteds, tweeds and cashmeres; all sizes, Including the latest models. Begular to 835.00.
Selling Out Sale	
LOT NO. 2
78 dozen fine medium Whight Underwear;  very
high grade.   Regular $1.75.
Selling Out Sale	
LOT NO. 3
John B. Stetson Hats—All sizos; all colors.   Regular $5.00
Selling Out Sale	
LOT NO. 4
Wolsey's Pure Wool Underwear—Heavy weight,
Begular $4.50,
Now	
LOT NO. E
Work Shirts—Ahout 65 dozen in the lot.
Begular 81.00.  Now.	
LOT NO. 6
Hen's High-grade Boots—Including such brands
as "Slater," "Hart" and "Begal."     All sizes.
Values to 89.00. <
Belling Out Bale i
LOT NO. 7
69 dozen Fine Shirts, including "Arrow,
b R," and "Toolce."  All Sizes, newest
patterns.   Beg. to $8,50.  Now.	
LOT NO. 8
"President" Suspenders—Begular 75c.
Selling Out Sale	
LOT NO. 9
Heavy Khaki Work Shirts.  Beg. (2.00.
Selling Out Bale	
$16.98
ir;  very
98c
i.   Regu-
$1.98
iavy weight,
$2.98
39c
brands
1 sizes.
.98
"W. 0.
98c
43c
$1.29
Friday morning, when the clock strikes 10:30, the doors of the Liberty Store will be re-opened, and
the readers of The Federationist will be greeted with the greatest array of bargains ever assembled
in one store. The entire wearing apparel stock of Chas. A. Warren goes on sale without reserve or
limit at the lowest prices on record. Don't let anything keep you away. Read the prices. Join the
crowds.
LOT NO. 10
English Wool Shirts—Double cuffs.   Also lot very
line French Flannel Shirts.   Beg. $5.00. d>*|   QQ
OPENS TODAY at 10:30 a.m.
Heavy Canadian Wool Ribbed Underwear.
Begular $1.75 value. Art
Selling Out Salo if OC
Heavy Flannel Work Shirts.
Reg. $3.   Selling Out Sale	
$1.49
1  absolutely
$9.98
:lozeu in
49c
Selling Out Sale...
35c Garters.
Now	
.Men's  Kino Mackinaw Coats—Guaranteed
pure wool. Regular .+12 to $14.
Now	
Men's  Raincoats — Guaranteed
waterproof.   Reg. to $20.00.
Selling Out Sale	
$1.25 Shirts—All sizes.   About 12 dozen in
tliis lot only.  While they last.
Selling Out Sale	
Men's Fine Boots—Reg. to $6.   An AQ
Selling Out Sale «P«£.«/0
50c Police and Firemen Suspenders.
Now	
Boys' Suits—All sizes.  Values
to $8.00.   Selling Out Sale..
Big range of Boys' Suits. Values*/* _\f_
to $12.00.   Selling Out Sale «pO*S/U
300 dozen NocktieB.   Regular
to 75c.   Now	
Boys' Pants—Regular to $1.75.
Selling Out Sale	
$1.25 Medium Weight Underwear.
Selling Ont Sale	
Boys' Shirts—
Now	
Regular 85c.
14c
49c
24c
$3.98
6.95
24c
98c
63c
Golden, B. 0., Feb. 19. 1918
BILL OF SALE
I, Ohas. A. Warren of Golden,
B. 0., do hereby sell my entire
stock of men's apparel, including
Men's clothing, hats, furnishings,
boots, shoes, also ladies' wear, dry
goods, etc., to the Liberty Store
of Vancouver, B. 0., at the rate of
sixty-six and two-thirds (86 2-3)
cents on the dollar of the original
invoice cost. Said stock is sold to
the parties of the second part
clear of all liabilities.
(Signed) OHAS. A. WARREN
Men's High Top Bonis—All sizes
values to $14.00.
Selling Out Sale	
English "Mellon" Shirts—Also Heavy
Wool Mackinaws,   Reg. io$7.
Selling Out Sale	
Children's Sweaters—Regular
$1.00.   Now	
$6.98
#
es.   Regular
$7.98
Pure
$3.98
39c
■All
sizes; all
285 pairs of Men's Fine Bool.'
soyles,   Worth $10 to $12.
Selling Out Sale	
Men's  Fine  Suits—Of  beautiful   range  to
choose from; made by Canada's best manufacturers.   Values to $27.50.
Selling Oui Sale	
Men's Suits, values to $22.50.■
Selling Out Sale	
Men's Suits—Neat dark patterns; all sizes.
Regular values to $18.00.
Selling Out Sale	
Men's Pino Overcoats—Famous 20th Century branU.   Reg. to $30.00.
Selling Out Sale	
$5.85
fill   range  to
's best manu-
$14.85
$12.98
I'llSj all sizes.
$8.95
his 20th Cen-
$12.98
LOT NO. 11
"Arrow" Collars—About 125 dozen. ara
While thoy last, per dozon HUC
LOT NO. 12
800 dozen Men's Handkerchiefs.   Hog. tm
15c.   Now.    /C
LOT NO. 13
30 dozen  Hnrd Hats, including   "Stetson"   and
"Christy."   Reg. t0 S5.00. r\n
Soiling Out Salo t/OC
LOT NO. 11
200 dosen Black Oashmere Sox.   Reg. no
•10c and 50c.   Soiling Out Sale *£<jC
LOT NO. 15
Pure Wool Heavy Ribbed Underwear, "Watson's"
and "Hueston."   Rog. to $3.00. d»i   /tr\
Selling Out Salo «J> 1 .HtU
LOT NO. 16
Ladies' Fine Shoes—Sizes up to iVt only.   Values
to $12.00. <£n nm
Selling Out Sale %p_t.OD
LOT NO. 17
200 pairs Children's Shoos.   All sizes.    **|   QA
Reg. to $3.50.   Selling Out Sale     «J> 1 .I/O
LOT NO. 18
"Carhartt" Overalls and other good brands.   Rog.
to $2.25. d»l   Aft
Soiling Out Sale «p 1 .■*♦«/
LOT NO. 19
Men's Trousers—Fine worsteds and tweeds.    All
sizes.   All colors.   Reg. to $7.60. *•> QQ
Soiling Out Salo «p*3.«/0
LOT NO. 20
Klgh-grado Sweators—Regular $4.50.      An nn
Selling Out Bale \J)_i,_,\7
SELLING OUT
^C.A.WARREN STOCK
i SHIPPED FROM GOLDEN  B C.
LIBERTY STORE
319  HASTINGS    STREET    W PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA "FEDERATIONIST
MBDAtf. Mareh 15, IMS
"Bbj> Right and You'll Buy Less"
Peabody's
Union-Made
Overalls
I
T IS unnecessary for us to tell you union
men anything about the quality of Peabody's Overalls. Their sterling worth is familiar to you all.
We carry their line complete in colors of blue*
black, white and blue stripe, and owing to our
large buying power and "Right Selling Plan/*
which eliminates sales, we are able to price
these overalls at—
per garment
LIMITS*     -
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
VANCOUVER'S UNION-MADE CLOTHES SHOP
THE PARIS COMMUNE
AND THE BOLSHEVIKI
E.  T. Kingsley and Ohas, Lestor to
Speak at Colonial Theatre
Sunday
An interesting lecture will be given
in the Colonial theatre, Sunday evening, dealing with the Paris Commune
and the BoShoviki. Tho subject iB of
great interest to the workors and should
bo heard by all. E. T. Kingsley and
Ohas. Lestor will be the speakers for
the evening.   The meoting ia free end
the platform will be thrown open for
questions and discussion . Doors open
at 7:30.
WINNIPEG—A resolution passed unanimously by tho tradea counoll bearing on the
death of David Wells, tbe conscientious objector, In tho Selkirk asylum, brought out
some strong expressions of sympathy and
disgust at' this tragic incident. Tho dole-
gates camo to It froth different angles, pacifists, militarists, socialists, objectors and
conscriptionists, but each wanted an inquiry
and full publicity. Soe. Tripp, of the Teamsters, said that Wells was a member of that
organisation, as straight and clean a man ob
Miuy bad. From acquaintance with him the
speaker saw no other explanation othor than
the man was done to death.
Saturday Specials
===== FOR EVERYBODY ==
No 0. O. D. or Phono Orders Taken on Saturday Except for Members
WE   DELIVER
OBOOEBT SPECIALS
Five Roso Flour, 49-lb. sacks .. $2.86
B. C. Sugar, 18-lb. sacks   $1.75
B. C. Sugar, 5-lb. cartons 50c
Brown Sugar, per lb 9c
Baking Powder, "Eggo"  23c
Baking Powder,   "Magic,"  12-oz.,
for   22c
Cow Brand Soda  9c
Orango Marmalade, "Empress," 4-
lb 60c
Jams, Empress, assorted, 4-lb. .. 80c
Bogors Syrup, S-lb ... 20c
Rogers Syrup, 5-lb  tBe
Extracts, Empress,   assorted,   2-oz.
for   22c
Extracts, Empress,  assorted,   5-oz.,
for  •••■ 38c
Extracts, Empress,   assorted,   8-oz.,
for *•*  70c
Lard, Griffin's, Mb 33c
Crisco, Hi-lb. tins 47c
Strictly Fresh Eggs, new laid .. 60c
Shnker Salt, 3 for 25c
Corn Starch, 1-lb  12c
Silver Gldss Starch   13c
Lux, largo packages llo
lViirline, large packages   lie
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 for  25c
Cream, 20-oz. tins  lie
Cream, baby sizo, 4 for 22c
Pork and Beans, Clarke, 3 for .. 25c
Soap, Royal Crown Naptha, 5 for25c
Soap, Royal Crown, laundry, 6 for 25c
Soap, Lifo Buoy   6c
Soap, Ivory   7c
Lye, per tin   9c
Eickctt's Blue, 0 for 25c
Cocoa, Baker's, %-\b. tins  22c
Cocoa,. Cowan's, ^-lb. tins  22c
Cocoa, Fry's, *t4*lb. tins   23c
H. P. Sauce   21c
Tomato Catsup, Blue Label 33c
Tomato Catsup, B. C. Home Brand,
for   23c
Malkin's Best Tea, per lb 46c
Empress Tea, per lb 45c
Ridgway 's Old Country Tea 63c
Malkin's Best Coffee  40c
Braid's Best Coffee -..1 42c
MEAT SPECIALS  ,~
Beef
Fancy Oven Roasts, per lb 26c
Fancy Pot Roasts, per lb 20c
Sirloin Tip Roasts, per lb 28c
Best Cut Sirloin Steak, per lb. .. 35c
Best Cut Porter Houbo Steak, lb. 36c
T-Bone KoastB, per lb 30c
Rump Boost, per lb 28c,
Rib Boast, per IbT '. 28c
Boiling Beef, por lb 17c,
Sugar Cured Corn Boof, lb  17c
Sugar Cured Boneless Brisket, por
Ib.
22c
Beef Drippings (our own rendering),
per lb 22c
Australian Lamb
Legs, per lb*.  _ 30c
Loins, per lb 26c
Fivo Rib Fore Quarters, per lb... 22c
Pork
Fancy Roast Pork, por lb 30c
Loins of Pork (half or whole), per
lb :.! S8c
Loin Pork Chops, per lb 40c .
AH Pork Sausage, per lb 30c
Fancy Oxford Sausage, per lb. .. 20c
Burns'  Bacon  (half or whole,  at
per lb _ 42c
Swifts' Premium Hams, per lb. .. 38c
Siwfts' Promiuln Bacon, lb  47'/2c
Whito Lily Ham, per lb S6c
White Lily Bacon (half or'whole),
per lb  43c
Whito Lily Back Bacon    (half or
wholo), por lb 42c
Poultry
Foncy Loeal Fowl, per lb 30c
Foncy Local Chicken, per lb 85c
Delicatessen     •
Swifts' Premium Boiled Ham, at per
lb I.... 66c
Veal Loaf, per lb 30c
Ham Loaf, per lb. 30c
Pressed Corn Beef, por lb 3Bc
Jellied Tongue, per I),.  ,60c
Cold Roast Mutton, per lb 66c
Pork Pies, each  6c
WE HANDLE NOTHING BUT FIRST QUALITY MEATB
Every article in this store will bo sold Saturday, March 16^h (for ono day
only) at the abovo prices, boing tho prices at which tho members buy evory
day.   This is dono to show thc advantages o/ being a momber of tho
EMPORIUM
CO-OPERATIVE
823 ORANViiii JftRMirf PHONE SEY. 908
For membership see tho London Flnanco Company, 712 Birks Bldg. Soy. 207
1(1$ OF
STRATFORD HOTEL
M. PLANT, PROP.
Corner KEEFER and GORE AVENUES
200 Rooms, Elegantly Furnished.   Stoam Heat.     Hot and Cold Water.
Private Botes.    Perfect Sorvico
RatcB-fiOc, 75c nnd 81,00 Manslont,
Permanent 82.00 per week un.
WEEK OF IT
Federated Labor Party
When attending the next nieeting of
yonr looal union sign np a membership
blank of the Federated Labor Party.
Applications can be had frota most
union secretaries and at the office of
The Federationist.
The Federationist
Don't destroy this or any future issue of this paper. Hand it to a neighbor or mail it to a friend. Mark some
interesting articles and ask them to
subscribe. The influence and circulation can and must be increased. It
can be done, with your help.
Painters
Secretary Gould of the Painters re
ports three niembers admitted and sixteen applications received at last meeting. The union is planning on a big
smoker to be held some time next
month. Geo. Hardy was given tho floor
to speak of the F. L. P. and was well
received.   All members working.
Saw Filers' Association
A membership campaign has been inaugurated in preparation for a demand
for higher pay nnd shorter hours, says
the seeretary of the Baw Filers' Association. Two new members were admitted at last meeting. Final action
will be taken at noxt Sunday's meeting in regard to a wage agreement.
Machinists, No. 182
Machinists Union, No. 382, will tako
up for consideration at thoir next meeting the question of raising the dues,
says Secrotary McVety.- Members wore
requested to got all their lady friends
together for tho ladies' auxiliary meeting to bo held April 2. The union made
a donation to thc olection campaign
fund.
Deep Sea Fishermen
Business Agent Kearley of the Deep
Sea Fishermen'b union reports that all
men are working, but fish is scarce and
the men are not making very much
monoy these days. The new food regulations have not affected thc new wage
scale of tho union, but under tho circumstances there would be no fishermen if thoy did.
Metal Trades Council
Tho secretary of the Motal Trades
Council reports a very large meeting
at which a jurisdictional dispute between the Electrical Workers and tho
Steam and Operating Engineers was
aired. The council decided to telegraph Gompors for advico on the matter. The couneil voted $15 to the eloction campaign fund.
Sheet Metal Workers
Business Agent Boworing of the
Sheet Metal Workers, reports two new
members and three applications. Tho
union is presenting demands upon all
city shops for the samo rate of pay as
paid in shipyards according to the ruling of the munitions board. A committee from the Labor Templo Co. will
be given tho floor at the noxt meoting.
All men are working.
Mill and Factory Workers
Members are coming in all tho time,
says Businoss Agont Thomas of jthe
Mill and Factory Workers. An extraordinary big meeting wns held Tuesday, at which tho matter of striking
for an increase of pay and shorter
hours was enthusiastically discussed,
but upon tho advico of the officials the
union decided to try to got their demands without striking.
Allied Trades Council
Eloction of officers and routine businoss was all that camo before the Allied Trades Council, says Secretary
Neelands of the Typos. The election
of officers resulted vs follows:/ President, W. F. Bushhiau, . Bookbinders;
vice-president, H. Shannon, Pressmen;
secrotary, H. Neelands, Typos.; executivo committee, W. Dorman, Pressmen, J. F. McConnell, Bookbinders,
Geo. Bartley, Typos., and E. Homewood,
Stereotypers; auditing committee, H.
Shannon and C. Homewood.
Shoe Repairers Organize
Fifteen shoo repairers attended and
joined the Slice Eepuirers' union at an
organization moeting held Wednesday
in Lnbor1 Tehiple. Bros. Midgley,
Winch Kavanagh and Elvin assisted in
tho organization, with good results. Tho
union suggests that organized Labor
help lino up the remainder of the shoe
repairers by drawing their attention to
the next meeting wliich is to be held
the first Wednesday in April. An international organizer is expected to be
in attendance.
Shipyard Laborers
The Shipyard Laborers' union is going strong, reports Secretary Phelps.
Sixty new members were taken in at
the last meeting and all members arc
optimistic as to the results of tho commission roport. Tho union endorsed the
resolutions of tho Trades and Labor
Council regarding the educational act
and poll tax. Bro. Hardy gavo an interesting talk on the necessity of joining the Federated Labor Party. Officials of the Labor Temple Co. will ad-
dross tho membors at tho next meeting.
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses
Business Agent McKenzie of tho
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses reports
a number of new membors admitted at
the last meeting. There aro still a few
places that refuse to hire union help.
The union proposes to have members
visit all local unions during tho next
two weeks, to get their^nctive support
in lining up the few remaining oatnig-
houaes. A big meeting is expected this
(Friday) evening to discuss matters of
vital importance to tho union. A danco
will be Wd in Dominion hall, Banter
Friday, March 2S>.
Motormen, Win Billiard dime
fhe motormen and conductors of the
Street Railway Employees' union won
tho billiard gamo last Monday from the
B. C. Electric social club in thc-con*
test for the Murrin Cup. This gives
thc motormen and conductors the cup
for Hhe year as they have won two
games out of the necessary three played
and have won by an aggregate of 113
points. The cup becomes the permanent property, of tbe team who wins the
game three years in succession. The
niotormon and conductors' toam this
yoar wus > composed of Jus. Hamilton,
'captain; A. Chapman, A. V. Lofting,
H. Stonton, and Robert Thompson. Refreshments wero supplied at* thc last
contest by the social club.
street Railway Employees
Nemo
Goiset
As Illustrated
Is $4
For average - full
figures, of average
height. Latest self-
reducing straps give
firm support and permanently drive away
excess flesh. Semi-
elastic Nemo Lasti-
curve Back improves
symmetry and insures ease in any position. Girdle top. Fine
white coutil; sizes 21
to 36.  Priee--P4.00.
—Same   aa   above   but   with
medium tops.   Also $4.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
oral members on the sick list, some of
whom havo been laid up for many
months. Ho wishes to draw the attention of the members to tho benefits to
bo derived from the medical association, which provides a free doctor and
free medicine to sick members and of
which Tom Miles is secrotary. Also to
the sick benefits of from $3 to $7 per
week which the union provides to mem-
on the sick list. ' W. H, Cottercll is
secretary of the latter and all members
are urged to got in touch with tho
abovo secretaries so as to bo provided
for when tho time comes. Bro. E. Carpenter, who was working it the carbarns prior to his onlistmont with the
Canadian Engineers, has returned from
the front nfter two years' service. Ho
has beon discharged from the army and
has been confined in" the hospital since
his return, but is now»greatly improved,
Piledrivers
Tho Pilodrivers had a big meoting at
which two new members were admitted and many applications received, ro-
ports Secretary Ironsides. A new wage
scale has been presonted to the employers and no trouble iB expected ovor its
acceptance. Considerable work is in
sight on railway construction for legging camps. Following is tho wage
scalo which the Piledrivers and Wooden
Bridgobuilders, Dorrickmen and Riggers expect to havo in effect by Mjiy
1: Piled riving—foreman, 9# 3-4 cents
per hour; boomraan, 75 cents per hour;
fireman and crow, 68 3-4 cents per hour.
Bridgemen—Foreman, 93 3-4 cents per
hour; crew, l»8 3-4 cents per hour.
Dorrickmen—Foreman, 93 3-4 cents per
hour'; crew, 68 3-4 cents per hour. Rig-
gors—Foreman, 93 3-4 cents per hour,
when over 50 feet high $1.0(1 1-4 conts
per hour; crew, 75 cents per hour, when
over 50 feet high 81 1-4 cents per hour.
This is 50 cents a day raise or an eight-
hour day all round. 1
Amalgamated Carpenters
Tho Amalgamated Carpenters held
thoir regular meoting Tuesday, March
12. There was standing room only and
very little of that. 'Members are fairly
well employed, but bo far have failed
to recognize any of tho supposed "shortage of labor." The "saving of the
Labor Temple" will be discussed at a
future meeting.
Tho amendments to tho B. 0. F. of
Labor were all endorsed. Tho members
were unanimous in their decision to
take The Federationist in a body.
Bro. Holdsworth was placed on the
superannuated list, ho having a membership of 36 years in ■ tho Amalgamated. Bro. Holdsworth represents the
type of the "old guard," having been
through many a hard-fought battle between capital and, Labor, and the members trust that he may long bo spared
to enjoy his well-earned superannuation,
Bro. G. Richardson was elected to
the offico of president, the local deciding to "let George do it" for another
term."
BIO STRIKES TAKING
PLAOE IN ST, LOUIS
Eight T&otmand Hen and Women Involved in
Demands Upon Employers
ST. LOUIS—This city Ib tho scone of extensive labor troubles with tho strike movoment spreading rapidly. Two thousand two
hundred workers nro ont Bt the Wagner Electrio Co.'b plant, (100 out nt tho Malinkrodt
Chemical plant nnd a nimiinr nmount ot department clorks on Btrike. Six hundred grocery clerks omployed in tii • Kroegor * chain of
stores struck for higher wnges und shorter
houra. Tlie most important strike In pros-
pert is one (lint involves the Legget and
Myers Tobacco Co, Five thousand cmployp?s
ol thiB Arm have nskod for an incrcaso equalling ;■> per cent, and recognition of thg
union, ond if refused they will not go to
work on Monday morning.
;e
SECRETTREATY
OF 1916
As Disclosed by Bolsheviki
and Published by N.Y.
Evening Post
The Soul of Governments as
Seen When Stripped of
Camouflage
The Bussian Imperial government
and the Japanese Imperial government,
aiming to strengthen the firm friendship betweon them, established through
the secret arrangements of July 17-30,
1907; June 21, July 4, 1010, and June
95, July 8, 1912, have agreed to supple*
mont the aforesaid secret agreements
with the following articles:
Article I.
Both the high-contracting parties rec*
ognir.o that the vital interests of ono
and the other of them require tho safeguarding of China from tho political
domination of any third powor whatsoever, having hostile designs against
Bussia or Japan; and therefore mutually obligate thetasolves, in tho futuro
at all times whon circumstnncos demand, to entor Into open-hearted dealings, based on complete trust, in ordor
to take necessary measures with tho
object of preventing tho possibility of
occurrence of said stato of nffairs. -
Artido II.
In tho event, in consequence of measures takon by mirtnnl consent of Bussia and Japan, on the basis of tho pro-
ceding article, a. declaration of war is
made by any third power, contemplated
by Article I. of this agreemont, against
one of the contracting parties, the other
party, at the ilrst demand of its ally,
must como to its aid. Ench of thc high-
contracting pnrties herewith covenants,
in the evont such a condition arises,
not to conclude penco with tho common enemy, without preliminary con-
sont therefor from its ally. '
Article UI.
Tho conditions under which each of
tho high-contracting parties will lond
armed assistance to the othor sido, by
virtuo of tho preceding nritclo, as well
as tho means by which such assistance
shall be accraplished, must be determined in common by the corresponding authorities of ono and the othor
contracting parties.
Article IV.
It is rcquisito to have in viow that
neither one nor thc other of tho high-
contracting parties must consider itsolf
bound by Article II.'of this agreemont
to lend armed aid to its ally, unloss it
be givon gunrantco by its allies that
tho lotter will givc4( assistance corresponding in character to the importance
of tho approaching conflict.
Article V.
Tho present ngreoment shall havo
forco from tho timo of itB execution,
and shall continuo to bc in force until
July 1-14, of tho yonr 1021.
In tho event tho other of tho high-
contracting parties doos not doom it
necessary twelve months prior to thc
ond of snid period,'to declare its unwillingness to continuo the prosent
agreemont in force, then tho suid ngrco-
I WAS THE FIRST TO SIGN
I WAS the first tailor in Canada to
sign the Increased Wage Scale for
the garment workers. I was glad to
do it, for the cost of living has increased
enormously and I believe in a policy of
"live and let live." I am satisfied with
a modest profit on each suit, and I want
to make a lot of suits. I know that the
grasping man frequently overreaches
himself. It would be easy for me to
raise my prices because the government has stopped the manufactuer of
all-wool fabrics, and my stock has almost doubled in value since I bought it.
But I have not done so as yet. Your
Tom-the-Tailor suit is made by well-
paid and well-treated people working
under ideal conditions on my own premises.
Man's Suits
tt BSHin
froa
$30
Womb's
man-tailored
Suits from
up
632(M1W£LE
314mST/WSW
UNION SHOP
ment shall continuo in force for a period of ono yoar after the declaration
of one of tho contracting parties disclaiming tho said agreement.
Article VI.
The prosont agreement must remain
profoundly secret except to both of the
high contracting parties.
In witness whorcof tho persons invested with full power by both parties,
have signed and affixed' thoir soals to
tlio present ngreoment at Petrograd on
tho 20th of June-July 3, of the yoar
1910, whioh corresponds in tho Jnpaneso calendar to tho third day of tho
seventh mouth of tho fifth yenr of the
reign of Tnis.
(Signatures) SAZANOFF.
MOTONO.
Back Prom Victoria
J. H. McVoty, chairman of tho Workmen's Compensation committeo of tho
B. C. F. of h., roturned yesterday from
Victoria, where he spent two days discussing with tho Lnbor representatives
and others suggestod amendments to
thc Workmen's Componsntion Act*
Winnipeg Street Carmen's Union, No.
00, nnd thc Winnipeg Streot Bailway
company hnve ronched an understanding on tho question of wnges, whicli
nre increased 2 conts nn hour for the
first nnd socond year men nnd 3 cents
nn hoar for others, with n maximum
rate of 39 cents nn hour.
CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS
Advertisements inserted under this heading
nt '2 cents per word pur issue.
WANTED—Editor-manager for strictly labor
paper. Send particulars of previous experience nnd qualifications, statin*,- salary
required, to Ed. Browne, 810 BcccridRe
Building, Oalgary, Alberta. 11|12
Sydnoy, N. S.—William Fitzgerald was
elected mayor of Sydnoy by a majority of
231 over S. E. Muggah, tho retiring mayor.
A feature of the aldennanio contest was the
election of Lnbor candidates in four of tho
five wards.
"teijimt-QJrafr
Quality Clothes
SPRING
OPENING
Now ready to show;
newest models and patterns in men's clothes,
tailored in our own
idealistic way.
Cost of making and
materials have advanced considerably, but we
still retain our standards for value, fit and
workmanship.
Thos. Foster& Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
London—A new credit til JE0O0,000,000 hns
been voted by tho British parliament. This
brings* (ho total British war credits since
A«.*rii«t,  1014. lo -£0,8*12,000,000, or opproxl-
Can you beat this?
The best value in Men's Suits
ever offered in Vancouver.
/
A Dick Suit at a Dick Price
—made up in the latest American models—
"classy" clothing.
-lots of "pep" and "snap" to them.
, -all materials; all styles.
—quality guaranteed.
Billy Dick's Price
$20
Your money's worth or your money back.
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasl\
i /

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345230/manifest

Comment

Related Items