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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 1, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATI
INDUSTBIAL UNITT: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL PAPEB;   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C FEDEBATION OF LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 9
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1918
Olty,
5
Peculiar State of Affairs Is
Revealed by Statement
of E. S. H. Winn
Over 13,000 Men Injured in
B. C. During 1917,217
Being Fatal
Eight hundred thousand dollars
have heen paid hy the Workmen's
Compensation hoard to men in 1917
who have been injured at tbelr dally
pursuits, and who oome under tbo
operations of tbat organization, according to a statement made to a representative of Tbe Federatlonist yesterday.   This sura was in the form of
pensions    and    medical    a\\   and
tbere Is still a balance of $20,000 to
ho distributed.   Tbis will be"ised to
take up claims that have bee 1 made
since and tbat arc expected to be
made within the next few months. It
also includes deaths where dependents
have not yot completed proof ol their
dependency.
For the ono yoar that tlio board has
boon in opoi'Htion, tlio number of dlaims
for compensation Hint havo boon received havo boon 18,684.   Of this numbor,
217 wore fatal, and lh.* total number of
applications that havo boon disposed of
amounts to 12,2(17.   Tin* difference of
1417 in the disposal of the claims,;and
tho numbor of applications rocolvoq is
accounted for by the n.imhor tbat cann*
in the past moath, and thai aro being
investigated or nro being adjusted.
Oases on Hnnd
Thero are invariably fnim 1100 to
1400 claims in hand being considered,
and as it takes a considerable time te
probo into lho cireumstnnces of tlulse,
it naturally follows that there must
always be on the list many who nre
necessarily kept waiting for some time,
ho that tho full elroumstanoos ef their
claim mnv be looked into.
"It Is difficult," snid Mr. E. S. II.
Winn, chairman ef the board, "to give
a comparative statement of the number
of men injured in the previous yenr,
due to the fuel Hint Ihis bonrd lias only
been in operation for the past twelve
montl.s. 1 think I am right in saying,
however, that the number is about the
some. Thero may be a alight difference
ono way or lho ether, bnt I enn not say
with any degree of definitoness.
"It mny be of more thun passing interest te the working men nf Vancouvor and British Columbia gaerally,"
Mr. Winn continued* "to know how
those 217 filial accidonts wero made ap.
In the logging Industry, there wero 4,1,
in explosions in coal mines there were
38, 34 of which were from Fernio in
tbo disaster last April. Tea men were
struck by trains nnd live lost their lives
by collision nnil derailments. Three
wore killed by power driven saws and
0 woro accounted for by cables and
arms.
Due to Explosions
"In the non-mecluniieal departments
of industries, 10 cases were due to ox-
plosions, 38 wore caused by mine explosions, 8 wore attributable to forest
flros and other cotucs, 12 wore killed
by overhead eoal or reek falling, foiling
timber wns responsible for the denth of
,6; 12 wero crushed beneath falling
trees, 15 enmo to grief by rolling logs,
nnd Micro wore 22 drownings from
boats."
It is interesting lo note, according to
Mr. Winn's statement to The Federationist, lho nationality of the victims
of those nccidents. There were 2.1 Canadians, 84 British-born, 12 citi/.ens of
Uncle Sam, 14 Italians, 8 Swedes, 4 Nor-
wcgians, and u similnr number of
Danes, 7 Chinamen, 15 Japanoso, 3 Austrians. 0 Frenchmen, 1 Belgian, 18 Hessians, 1 Greek and one designated ns a
Slav. There wore only 2 natives of
India, 1 SwIsb and l.'l whose nationality
wns not determined.
Paid Higher Wagea
Coming to tho wnges question, Mr.
Winn bnd some interesting stntisties le
give, wliich showed indisputably that
thc Swedes nro the highest paid of mn*
nationality in thc province of British
Colombia. In tho case of tho non-per*
tnnnent total disability men who numbered 5483, tho avorage wngo per day
was $8.61. Of this numbor, 3811 were
English-speaking and their ovcrnge
daily pay was $3.70. There wore 453
men described aa Latins, taost of them
coming from Italy, whose dnily average
was the same as tho Engllsh-Bpcnking
workors.
But coming to tho Scandinavians, Mr.
Winn stated it wns extraordinary that
their average dnily wage was higher
thnn oil thc othors, nmounting to no less
than $4.02. Thc majority of thoso men
are lumber jacks, and he could not account for thc fnct thnt they wero earning moro thnn thc English-speaking
race. Coming to the Austrlans and Germans, thoy, too, arc on a higher scalo
than tho British and Americans. Their
average daily pav is $3.81, while 588
Orientals got *2.I15 per day on ail average. Slavs recoived *3.44 daily and
there woro 191 of them.
Asked whether thore hod ever been a
ref.isal nn the port of the employers to
put In any safeguard thot had been recommended so as to avoid accidents,
Mr. Winn replied in the negative, and
ndded that ho bcllovcd thore was a diminution nf accidents on this account,
At the same time, ho gave every credit
to lho men who had not made unreasonable demands on the employers. He
had found there was a greater doalro on
tho pari of thc employer and tho employee to work more in harmony than
there used to bc.
Is No Grumbling
"Ono thing I would like to drnw nt*
tentlon tn," snld Mr. Winn, in cnnclil*
jdon, "and that is thero is littlo or no
'grumbling on tho part of thc men as
compared with what took placo In the
A HIE MIS
HawWS
par]
nthwaite Has Pre-
{Law in Aid of
m hite Race
Must 11 Able to Read English^ Work in Dan-
gej.g.is Employment
VICTORIA, March 1.—(Special to
The Fedorationist.)—A measure which
will bo introduced in tho legislature
this week by J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
tho Labor member in tho legislature,
contemplates a law which will keep out
of dangerous employment thoso incapable of reading the English language.
Workingmen in mills, factories, etc., realize iheir handicap, and what a danger
thoy nro in whou working beside men
who do not understand fheir business,
and who, in tho event of emergency,
cannot undorstnndj much less compro-
hond, instructions. Tho bill also proposes to ostablish Hie liability for
wages, which, if it is enacted into law,
will relievo a condition wliich at present is not in lho best intorests of the
workingmen. The full text of the measure follows:
1. This Aet may bo cited as the
"Dangerous Employment Act."
2. "Employer," for the purpose of
this act, means any person or body of
porsons, corporate or incorporate, liable
for the wages of an omployor, and any
manngor, foreman, boss or agent, acting
for or on behalf of uuch person or persons liable for tlie wages of an ora-
ployoe.
ft. Mo person who shall fail lo read
or writo this act in the English language, or in any language of Europe,
shall be employed in nny of tin1 industries named and set out ia section four
(•I) of this act.
■t. The following industries for tho
purpose of this aet. shall be classed as
dangerous industries: Coal mines, powder works, saw mills, quarries, melalli-
fernus mines, cement works, shingle
mills, sash and door factories nnd planing mills.
5. Any omployor who employs any
porson in contravention of this act may
lie rejected therefor, aad shall be also
liable to prosecution under tho "Summary Convictions Aet," and amending
acts, before two justices nf the pence
Strike By Shipyard Workers
****** ****** ****** ****** ****** ******
Is Deferred for the Present
Following Appeal by Mr. Justice Murphy, Victoria Men Concur in
Decision Taken by Vancouver Workmen on Wednesday Night to
Await Findings of Special Commission Appointed by Minister of
Labor to Probe Demands of Shipworkers—Existing Economic Conditions in British Columbia Are to Form Subject of Fullest Enquiry
Judge Murphy Tells Crowded Gathering in Capitol Last Night-
Large Minority Opposed to Adopting Course Taken in Vancouver
VICTORIA, March 1.—(Special to The Federationist).—One of the most momentous meetings in
thc history of the workers in British Columbia took place tonight, in thc Labor hall when the
question wns under consideration whether tlie shipyard workers should concur in thc stand that
was taken on Wednesday night by thc workers in Vancouver to refer the Metal Trades Council's dispute
with thc employers to a commission specially appointed by the federal minister of labor.
After a long session during which Mr. Justice Murphy delivered an address appealing to the men
and emphasizing the urgent necessity that existed for their continuing their work until such time as
thc commission had hnd time to go into the matters in dispute, a vote was taken with the following
result: For concurring in thc action taken by the Vancouver men, 38; ngainst that course, 27.
The result of the meeting now leaves all the matters that have been under consideration in thc hands
of Mr. Justice Murphy as chairman of thc commission, Mr. Gordon J. Kelly, president of the Vancouver Trades nnd Lnbor Council, aud Mr. J. Tomkins of Victoria. Thc sittings of this eommission
will, it is stnted, commence nlmost immediately, and the strike will be deferred in the interim.
Mnny of thc delegntcs nt tonight's meeting were of tho opinion thnt the Islnnd workers should net
on their own initiative responsibility, nnd thnt, no matter whnt action had been tnken in Vancouver,
it was up to the workers in the capital to adopt their own policy. Tlie fact that there was only a
majority of eleven showed how closely the meeting was divided.
Tlio attitude taken in Vancouver was clearly placod bofore those prosont by Judgo Murphy, Mr.
D. McCallum, presidont of lho B. C. Federation of Labor, and Mi'. A. Watchman, general organizer
of the Carpenters' and Shipwrights' union and the local point of view was afterwards presented by
the Victoria men, The Vancouver delegates were complimented highly on the way they had stated the
case and ovory assurance was given after the meeting that tlie same policy as had been followed in
Vancouver would be adopted in Victoria.
It was pointed out to the visitors that under no circumstances would the men be agreeable to abide
by thc decision of that commission but that thoy were only following the precedent of Vancouver in
order to havo certain matters ventilated about whioh there appears to be a hazy conception on the
part of the goneral public of British Columbia.
Mr. Justice Murphy in his address to the council during thc earlier part of tho ovoning explained
the reasons lending up to his appointment by tho federal government as chairman of a commission
convened under tho Public Enquiries Aet of Canndn and dwelt on the functions of such a commission,
stating that tho duties of this new offico would havo to do with all the outstanding features of tho
present shipyards controversy.
In answer to a question by Delogate Taylor whether tho scope of the enquiry would include an
investigation into existing economic conditions in the province, he gave it as his opinion that such
would be the case.
The aetion taken hero tonight by the loeal Motal Trados Couneil defers, therefore, the possibility of
an immediate strike in thc British Columbia shipyards until further inquiry has been made by this
newly-appointed commission into present working conditions.
Tho history of the movement for increased wnges nnd better working eon*
WALLINGFORD NEVER F/Q
Members at Victoria Do Nothing for Big Pay
They Draw
Old Women of Legislature
Hear Real Talk on a
Pet Subject
ditions is too woll known to require
rocn pit illation. Economic conditions
compelled tlio workors to adopt nn n
linn und determined ut the sume time,   ns doing permnnent injury to orgnnized
Within the pust week there hns been   Labor.
attempted every sort of artifice to in-       "The shipyard  workors   should   not
duea  thc  workers  to  nbnndon tho  nt-   only ngrec to arbitration, they should
titude  taken   up  by   thom.      Appeals   demand itt" wus the statement in yos-
hnvo been made to them through the   tordny's Sun.   What is tho fact? While
Interesting Figures for People Who Object to a
Decent Wage
VICTORIA, Feb. 28.—(Special to the
Federationist.)—To hear somo persons
talk about the "high" wages working
mon aro receiving, und to hear them
rant and rave because  the men employed in    the    shipbuilding industry
wore asking for an additional ten per
coat, that had been promised, one would
wonder if there were no othor persons
in this glorious world of ourB drawing
any pny nt nil.   But there are.   There
are  here   in   Victoriu   some  47   men—
that  is their cheques come along just
the  Kntne—who   for   mnking   thc   coin
of the realm look cheap—they mako so
much of it so onsily—have about all
tlie toilers of the regular sort benton
many city blocks.   For instance, how
would you, who are making your fifty,
sixty, seventy cents per hour, und hearing  tho boss growl nbout  it,  like to
drnw  down a mere  twenty or thirty
dollars ua hour.   It may surprise you
to know that you aro paying this—you,
personally, nre contributing,  at  least.
Here is how it's done:
A representative of Tho Federnlionist
during the pnst few days, visited  the
parliament buidings to watch thom perform.    On   Monday,  school  opened   nt
2:50—perhaps u minute hetore, but that
is precise onough  for  this enlculntion.
Well, Alex Fisher, of Fernie, who by
the wny, isn't u bad sort nt all, talked
for one noor nnd ten minutes, und then
Ed Bnrrow, of Chilliwack, talked about
farmers and farming, for forty minutes.
School  let   out   ut  4:50  by  the  clock.
The hard dny's work on Monday was
about two hours.   The rest of the week
they uveraged well up to that, perhaps
a few minutes more here and there. I words to say about hog-raising and
Thore are forty-seven of our follow citi- "fixed prices." Aa to the former Bub-
/.ens working for ub in the legislative Meet, ufter heariag the Chilliwack man
assembly aad, figured on the average tell nbout it, one comes to the eonclu-
length of a session, they touch the sion thnt. if the farmer is protected
country up for somo thirty bones per from the packer, he will take a chanco
hour. Tako tho pack of them and they oa the prices a legitimate market will
are  touching tho country  for close to  fix, and raise hogs.   But, as was recent-
i.t Kfin X.    ..i   ii._;_   __„„ i !i     l.. il.     x\.- !_..     i_   ii. _   a	
Barrow Urges Government
to Hobble the Food
Speculators
An interesting contribution to the
coolie labor discussion was given by
E. D. Barrow, tho member for Chilliwack, in the course of his address to
the legislature. His statement bore oat
the contention of laboring men that it
is not thc farmers who desire indentured labor in this country, though the
big interests are endeavoring to make
it appear that the farmers desire an
influx of Orientals for the sake of production. Mr. Barrow made it plain
that farmers not only do not want any
more Orientals to come horo but he
complained that of the yellow men in
the FraBer Valley, fully 90 por cent, of
them controlled land. Moreover, tho
Chinese hnvo a habit of organizing,
ulso, uud thc farmers have seoa that in
this tho yellow mna is moro successful than the white farm laborors in
this. The Chinese who are employed
will work for white men only a eortain length of time every day—five or
six hours, Barrow put it. So the farmers themselves organized a sort of counter-irritant, and established n twelve-
hour duy for the Orientals. But this
didn't work.
Howover, tho most interesting portion
of Barrow's talk was his theory on the
wny to increase production. "Co-op-
orufivo uction and the saving of wasted
energy," was the way ho put it and
ho proceeded to ahow what the farmers
of tho FruBcr have done in this line.
Furthermore, they don't need Chink
labor and don't want it. Tho furmers,
us they aro organizod, are quite capable of gotting along all right and
producing us much ub thoir cultivation
will  stand.    Barrow  also had a few
titude that only those, looking at the [daily pross to remember thnt they are the  workers wero willing to  agree t
or a police magistrate, and upon con-   mattor with jaundiced eyes, could cavil ["patriots"  first  aud  men  afterwards, present  their ense  to  u  representative
vietion for such offence shull lie liuble   w\_]_ or pic^ holes in.   All through the | Innucndos of u  -nestionnble chnrncter governmental    eommission,    Mr. K. P.
to u penalty or fine not exceeding one   negotiations, tlio workers' side of the j hnve been flung around suggesting Hint Butchart eame out with  tho statement
hundred  dollars nor  less than  ten In  argument htta boon prosontod in a man-  tho men  nre  disloyal  und  lhat  their yesterday afternoon that under no cir-
eui'h instance.                                              ner  that  wns   reasonable  in  tone  but | conduct   would be condemned, ns well (Continued on page 4)
Working Men of British Columbia Need Only To
******* ******* ****** ****** ******* *******
Stand Fast To Have Control of the Government
$1,500 per hour at their present gait,
Enlarged a bit it runs up over $75,000
per session. Thia is not counting some
five thousand apiece which the garden
variety of minister of thc crown takes
off ovor und abovo that for n year, nnd
nnother two thousand which goes to
sweeten Premier Brewster's job,
E. T. KINOSLET
LADIES' AUXILIARY OF
MACHINISTS   FORMED
Enthusiastic Meeting Last Week Lends
to Innovation in Vancouver
Labor Circles
A Lndios' Auxiliary of the Mncliin-
ists' unions of Greater Vnncouver, wns
successfully organized last Friday oven-
ing, in the Labor Tomple, the Ilrst, by
tho way, of its kind in thc city. The
meoting was well attended and a com-
mittoo of fifteen was named to complete
organisation work and build up the
membership.
A committee meeting took pluce on
Tuesday, whon it was decided to hold
anothor general mooting of the auxiliary on Wednesday, March 111, whon
tomporary officers will bo elected, and
tho chnrter period closed. Present indication point to an initial membership
nround tho hundred mark.
First Meeting Held in Labor Temple Under Auspices of
Federated Labor Party Indicates That Workers of
Province Intend to Have Large Representation in
Near Future in the Provincial Legislature
Day of Class Rule and Legislation Will Soon Be Thing of
the Past, Crowded Gathering Is Told by J. H.
Hawthornthwaite and E. T. Kingsley in Inspiring
Addresses—New Era for Labor at Hand
"I do not know who is going to win this war, but I know
that at the finish the working classes of the world will win.
They will abolish German autocracy; they will abolish it the
wide world over, and the cause of it all—capital.''
In thoso words Mr. J. II. Hawthornihwaito concluded an hour's
stormy address before a gathering whicli filled the largo hull of the
Lahor Tomplo, last Saturday night Tlio occasion was tho firsl public
mooting under tho banner of tho Federated Lahor Party of British
Columbia, and tho attendance, combined wilh lho enthusiasm lhal
was manifested, not to mention ihe scores of applications that, woro
received at. tho nu\ of tho meoting, nil rendered the gathering ono of
tho most, successful and most notable that thc cause of Lahor has evor
brought together. The membership oi tho R L, P. is growing hy
leaps and hounds, a fact which was referred to b.v the secretary of the
organization, Mr. W. It. Trottor, aud the president, Mr. Goorge J.
Kelly.
That thc movement has come to stay and that it is filling a gap iu
B. C, was indicated in every respect. "Jim" Hawthornthwaite was
in fine fighting trim, and his reference in the manner in whieh he had
blocked several private hills in the legislative assembly, was appreciated to the full. That old warrior in the cause of I^ahor, E. T. Kinsley, delivered a characteristic rapid-fire address. He held his hearers
right up to the last word of his speech and as he drove homo point
after point in vigorous and forceful style he was given a hearty round
of applause. The member of Newcastle, too, received a big welcome.
Ue came over specially to speak, and while here renewed many old
acquaintances and found many new ones.
ly tho cbbo, the price—to the farmer—
dropped somo threo cents a pound or
such n mntter and the reason was the
big packers had stuffed their plants
full and coudn't hold any more. So,
in that instance, tho price was not
fixed by tho legitimate supply and do-
mnnd, but by the whim of the puckers.
However, that is at the presont rate j As to pricc-lixing, Mr. Barrow suid
Af going. In n few day thev will do this caused confusion und worse. Whon
"committe' work, which consiBtfl In Ithis had been attempted it had not hnd
separating thom80lves into groups, and'the effect of decreasing the cost to
starting to work ut 10;.'{0 in tlie morn-j the publie, nor wns it an enco,irnge-
ing, quitting nbout 12 and then return- ment to the farmer to produce more.
ing to their "labors" in the assembly lit did, however, cause great joy to well
again for some two or three strenuous ' up in (lie breasts of the middlemen, or
hours of toil, ! better known us  food  speeuintors and
past. That the men havo every right
to make reasonable demand iB conceded
nnd thoso demands are only nlong the
lines that will ensure tho safoty of
their lives."
Of coui'Be, as he pointed out, the difference in procedure nowudnys and the
days when he was a worker in a mining
vil'lnge Ib tremendous. Years ago the
man who mado a complaint was fired.
Tho rule nowadays is for the men to
make their complaints in writing, and
those comm,inicutinns were kout secret
from tho employers, so that there wns
no renson for suggesting that the employer would got to know who had
made the complaint or the suggestion
that there should be a safeguard.
Explains Organization
President Kelly brought the meeting
to order prompt to time, and explained
tho object of the nieeting which, he
snid, was to extend thoir organization
Following him enmo Secretary Trotter,
who said that the movement was extending to the uttermost points of
British Columbin. It was proposed, lie
said, to subdivide the vnrious districts
and to havo officers appointed for thoso
districts. This, however, could not bo
done until thoy had a full membership
roll. It wns their intention, he added,
to have separate organizations for the
city, North Vancouver, South Vnncouver, Richmond und in fact, every municipality in Grenter Vnncouver. Tho
same policy would be followed throughout tho province. Reports up to the
prosent, Mr. Trotter said, were most reassuring.
At the outset  of his   address,   Mr.
Hawthornthwnite said   thc  Fedoration
^quIromontB of Labor in this province.
In any country in tho world they would
find where the Labor movement came
into existence and*was successful it
was in accordance wilh the interests
of thut country. Proceeding, he explained the formation of a Bomowhal
similnr party twenty yenrs ago in Nn-
nntmo, with which the lato Ralph
Smith wns connected. lie (the speaker)
felt that purty did not express the
views of the working people, nnd pin
ceodod to form the 1. L, P. on the lines
laid down by the lute Kier Hardie
and Ramsay McDonald twenty five or
thirty years ago. That platform was
"the nationalization of the land, the
collective ownership nnd domocrntlo
operations and management of all the
moans of wealth  production."
"Some of inv colleagues did not see
eye to eyo with me," said Ihe speaker,
"and then my friend Kingsley came
along und We proceeded lo form'thr. Sn
of Labor lias felt it was timo to givo j "'"list Party of Canndn.   I brought in
true expression to the demand nnd ro-1 (Continued on page li)
J. H. HAWTHOHNTHWAITE
ROYAL   CITY   AND
VICTORIA   READY
F. L. P. Meetings Are Arranged to Be
Held in Capital Oity and
Westminster
On Saturday night, March ft, the first
meeting in New Westminster under the
auspices of the Fedemtcd Lnbor Party
| will be held when it is expected thnt
J. H. Ilawtliririithwnite and E. T. Kings-
ley will be the speakers.
Arrangements nro boing mado by Vice-
president Dakers of the Capital Olty for
the Opening of the Victoria branch of
the F. L, P. some time in the first week
nf March in the Princess theatre. Tho
date will be duly onnouncod and the
speakers ns well.
Secretary \V. ]{, Trotter stntes that
the membership roll is steadily increns-
ing nnil that, were it nol for'the ship-
yard trouble which overshadows everything else, there would have been u
heavier amount of work placed on the
shoulders of the officials of the organization this woek.
The Vancouver vice-presidents nre
.now Inking incnsures for the subdivisions of tlieir districts and it is anticipated lhat within the next two or three
weeks distriel meetings will be announced for Ihe formation of branch
locals iu the Greater Vnncouver dis
| trict.
Vice-president Pozorlt of Nelson de-
lalaros ihut the organization is going
strong there uud thui a branch has
! been organized al Silverton whieh is
I in his distriel, The following officials
ihave been elected: Chairman, 11. Dim-
i nek ; vice-chuirinnn, Goorge Mclnnes;
I secrelury-ireiiHiircr, A, M. ('avail.
There ure forty-SOVon of these hardworking persons supposed to be here
now, und they nre all hore except four
who ure overseas, fighting and otherwise, for their king and country. This
means that to run a province with n
population less thun a good-sized city,
the  people  are paying 47 law-miikers.
It might be argued all right the
whole caboodle nre needed to represent
lho various districts, but do thdyf .Tusl
ivatch what happens during this session. It is sure to be like ull the others.
The wholo province is represented by
he executive council, or the bunch of
ninislers who make up the "government" nnd the others are only lust
sort nf spots on the garment. And
when the government decides tn do
-onieth'ing, muke a law nr whntnot. it's
lone, and all the bunch hnve to do is
hogs. Mr. Barrow, speaking
farmer, recommended that thc government and impractical persons who
would fix prices, forget about the
prices, and hobble thc middlemen.
say "aye," and thero you are, It's
dono. It's a tremendous job. It's a
whole lot better than working nt a
hnrd graft. And these are the chaps
who are going to growl when .T. H.
Hawthornthwnite, the only Labor member in the house, endeavors to havo
[Hissed a general eight-hour dny, nnd
other leglilatlon in the interests of the
working class. The big interests will
order the government nnd opposition
manikins to perform, nnd they will, to
the best of their ability forgetting all
nbout the working einsfl whose votCB
placed thom where they are.
Labor Member Seeks General
******     ******     ******     ******
Eight Hour Day In Industry
Hawthornthwaite Today Will Give Legislature Chance to
Go on Record As to Where it Stands with the Laboring Man—Consternation Rife in Political Ranks
Men Who in General Election Appealed for Votes of
Working Class and Claimed to Bc Friends of Laboring Men Appear to Be Scurrying to Cover
VICTORIA,   Mnrch    I.—(Special   to*#goveinuient is disposed to obstruct the
The Federationist.>—Today, at th
sinn of the legislature, .1. II. Haw
thonrlhwaite, the only ropresontatlvo
of Labor in the provincinl house, will
give the? government nnd opposition
members an opportunity to show where
they stand its regards the betterment
of the conditions of the working clnss.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite has prepared a
bill which, if the house adopis it and
makes it law, will set eight hours per
day as u day's work, in such eases us
hours of labor are not already regulated
by law. Mr, Howlhornthwnilo has
given the required two dnys' notice of
his intention, and the members of the
Igovornment are understood to have dis
j cussed in caucus just whut attitudo
they had best adopt, ns regards thc
[mensure, which will plnco iliem on re-
Icord as to where they intend to stand
Labor member's progressive legislation?
hi every wny possible, uud by hruto majority vote down such measures as he-
may propose. General opinion is, however, thut by reason of a Lnbor member being in the house, the government
will find itself forced '.o adopt meufluros!
to alleviate the present conditions of
tlie working class, in hopes of saving
its fuce beforo the workers whose votea
placed it in powor.
Tin full text of thc eight-hour day
uct us drafted, is as follows!
1. This aot may be cited as tho
"Light-hour Day Act, lfllH."
2. No person shall be employed hi
any industry, where the hoars of lnbor
have not already been regulated by
law, for a longer period than eight
hours in any twenty-four hours, uud six
davs any one week.
.'(. Twenty-four hours for the pur-
wiih regard to the Labor vote. 1| will ] pose of this not, shall menu from mid-
he recalled that daring the general elec j nigh! to midnight.
tion, Premier Brewster ond members Of I. Any owner, agent nr manager, or
his government hud a great ileal to say1 anyone acting ou tlieir behalf, employ-
what they intended In do to make, ing any workmnn or person in contra-
litiona
of the Inboring mnn better,
ii power more than u yenr,
Although
nothing has been done,   tint with'Bri
llawllinruihwaite in the house, Labor
hns u ropresontatlvo who, whllfl he mny
not  be able to secure the passage o'f
such measures us the B, 0. Federation
of  Labor convention   reemmended   the
govornment should pass for the better-j hundred  dollars  nor lei
tnout of conditions, will force the gov-1 dollars.
eminent  to deelnre  where  they  stand.      fi.   This net shall come into forco on
It is snid on good nuthority that Ihe (the first day of January, 10111.
f this act, shall be liable to Eh
penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars, nor less thun twenty dollars, for
each workmnn or porson so employed*,
and any workman or person so working-
for a longer period than specilled ia
section two (2) of this net shall be-
liabtc to a penalty not exceeding one-
thnu twenty PAGE TWO
the British Columbia federationist
FRIDAY Miirek 1, 1918
It's a Great Overall
You Get Here for
$1.95
—IT IS NOW pretty generally known
that our high-grade Overall is the biggest, strongest uud best Overall in British Columbia, regardless of the prico
entirely. The exclusive features alone
which this Overall possesses mako it
worth a great deal more than its near-
ost competitor, and our tremendous buying organization has seen to it that you
get this Overall at a most reasonable
prico. Although tho maker's prico is
now moro than $1,05 a pair, wo are still
uble to sell you this sume    d»*|   QC
—Mnin Floor
overnll at..
WBudson'sBauCompan^M
Granville and Georgia Streets
Tlie Tezson With Good Teeth
—Is the one who isn't afraid to consult a dentist.
T F YOU have dental defects of any character, consult mo. Get
■*■ away from that old-time dread of visiting a dentist. An examination will enable me to tell you just what is the matter—how
far the trouble has gone—how it can be remedied. You'll bo able
to go away with assurance und—following my advice—with tooth
that will meet your every demand and cause you no trouble.
Isn't that better thaa waiting until you have to come?   Phone
Sey. 8331 and make an appointment.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Streot West, Cor. Seymour
Offlce Open Until 6 p.m. Daily
X-Ray films taken If neces-
aarj; 10-year guarantee!
flvta.
PHONE SET. 3331
Examinations    made   on
phoae appointments.
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE-
Nanaimo Coal
the best quality        the best price
the best service
Main Offlce:  Foot Columbia Ave.  Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:   407 Granville St.   Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -    VANCOUVER, B.C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
t-> .     MODERN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AOENT OE WRITE
DISTBIOT PASSENGER AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2488
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFITS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Monthly Food Hog Report
******     ******     ******     ******
Shows Some Startling Figures
Do you remember a few weeks ago when there was talk of mixing up a war
flour, how certain officials told about how the common people must not "hoard"
flour? Well, remembering that, perhaps you didn't got in uny more flour than
you needed. But, would you havo been prosecuted? Berhaps, And, again,
perhaps not. More likely tho latter, if all the official threats mado against the
food speculators and profiteers who are in tho cold storage business are any criterion. Commissioner O'Connor, who was responsible ofr the original denounc-
ment with respect to the cold storage plants, has come forward with other
monthly statements. And the amounts stored away, or "hoarded" continuo to
grow in spite of all the cautioning by officiate. Now, do you suppose, had you
"hoarded" any flour, would you have been prosecuted for it? Anyway, it is
not the policy of the Borden government to interfere very seriously with thc big
fellows, aud it would not be surprising, in lino with the actions in general of
tho so-eallcd Union government, if a "hoarder" of flour, might have got pinched
like the police flnd occasion now and again to pinch somebody for stealing a
loaf while the big thieves of the nation go scot free. The latest report of the
food commissioner, discloses a condition of affairs with respect to the cold-storage
plants which probably accounts in a large measure for the high cost of living.
Iioro is the report:
Amounts of Food in Storage
The amounts of food commodities in storago on Feb. 1, 1918, woro: Butter,
7,542,447 pounds; cheese, 7,529,023 pounds; eggs, 1,060,03!) dozohj beef, fresh
and pickled, 40,197,054 pounds; pork, fresh and pickled; 20,017,405 pounds; bacon,
ham mid smoked meats, 13,03(j,104 pounds; mutton uud lamb, 4,832,230 pounds;
flsh, 18,44,0,734. pounds; und fowl, all varieties, 3,105,636 pounds.
Holdings Are Compared
Feb. 1. I'D
Hotter 	
Cheese  ;	
Eggs	
Beef, fresh and pickled 	
Pork, fresh and pickled 	
Bacon, ham und smoked meals	
.Million and Iamb    6,972,344
Fish      9,496,442
Fowl, all varieties     4,724,179
Bggs Increase 100 per Cent.
The holdings of eggs and cheese it will be noted aro about double those .of
Feb. 1 of last year. There is a very large increase in fish holdings and a substantial increase in holdings of beef. The other commodities show decreases as compared with the same dale in 1917. The commissioners make tho following observations concerning the relative increases:
"I must again protest that a hundred per cent, increase of egg holdings and
an almost equivalent increase of cheese holdings ovor those of a year ago fail to
justify prevailing prices for these commodities, As to cheese, 1 know that loss
than live per cent, of our production will serve our ordinary needs and flint a
large amount of tho stored cheese is the property of the cheese commission; but
I cannot, nor need I shut my eyes to the fact that entirely apart from the
cheese bought by or offered to the cheese commission, there is an enormous
amount of cheese stored by private owners, nnd while the price to tho Canadian
consumer is maintained at an altitude which does not tempt him to occasionally substitute this wholesome food for meat, tho'chcese producers are reinforcing
for a demand for yet higher prices from the cheese commission.
Is Time to Come Off
The priee for export is dominating the price for home consumption, which is
too high already. As to egg holdings, it is about time for storage eggs to come
off the market. I consider that tlie preceding figures show too mnny held at tho
time of reporting. My.contention raised last month that tho then alleged scarcity was non-existent is borne out by the export figures. Canada exported in
January, 1917, only 180,430 eggs. Canada's imports of eggs were less by only
175,000 dozen in .Tnuuary, 1918, than ia January, 1917. The existence of the
exportable surplus mentioned was thc real reason for a falling off in imports.
Consumer Pays Every Time
Further, that surplus principally available in the west has boen fed out to thc
east as required. As for instance, just a few days after thc showing of greatly
reduced stocks of storage eggs in Montreal, as of February 1, 1918, compared
with January 1, 1918, Montreal stocks were augmented fully one-third. Needless to say the operators who held the surplus did not fail to take advantage of
the necessities of tlieir eastern brethren. There has been considerable selling
and reselling of storage eggs among thc egg operators. The consumer pays for
every shot. I humbly submit that this sort of thing should be stopped. If I
may not so submit I mistake my duty. I may add that this sort of thing can
be stopped.
7172tiJ3:fO
3,311,803
738,337
34,090,091
22,873,0S1
l(i,0O9,5f)l
Feb. 1, 1918
(i,970,209
0,457,783
1,190,299
-19,134,094
19,999,537
.12.305,432
4,301,100
15,1152,705
2,345,208
Working Men of British Columbia
Need Only To Stand Fast To
Have Control of the Government
(Continued from page 1)
Porker "Williams and a number of
othors, and for a number of years we
did successful work in this provinco."!
Later, he said, he came to tho conclu-'
sion lhat the organization with its
lengthly constitution and its whole system of organization, was absolutely unfitted for this country: Ho and a nuhi-
ber of others had now come to the conclusion that the timo had arrived when
somo stops should bi takon to place
the working peoplo of B, C. in a position somewhat on a par with the workors of the rest of tho world.
Opening of Legislature
Passing on to tho opening of tho
B. C. legislature, Mr. Hawthornthwaite
gave a humorous description of that
function. Making special reference to
Mrs, Ralph Smith, he said he was satisfied that so far as sho could Bhe would
bo faithful and truo to thoso interests
that sont hor down thoro. The speaker
ciuised a hearty laugh when ho referred
to his introduction to tho spenker of
tho house. "Brewster," he said, amid
laughter,'"got hold of my right arm
and Bowser caught me by the left, and
marched me up to the speaker. He
bowed to mc and I bowed to him, and
then we marched back. Browster to
the right of mo, Bowsor to thc left of
Hie, and the speaker in front of me.
Talk about the Charge of Ihe Light
Brigade; it. was not in it." (laughter).
Dealing with the resolution ho hail
brought forward nt the opening of the
legislature against Indentured labor,
Mr. Hawthornthwnite said they had
heard a lot of talk al ono lime aboul
the Tories nnd many of thom thought
that the golden era would arrive when
Browster nnd Oliver got into powor,
aad for t ha t reason lie 1 hough I Ihis
resolution would be received with open
arms. "There was a hurried consultation »»d John Oliver got up and said
J T would be required In give two days'
no) ico, '' Now," he asked, 'f how
COtlld 1 givo fwo days' notice when fhe
house closed that afternoon!"
1 "I looked for some good Liberal to
I back mo up. One would have thought
j there would be one friend of Lnbor
j who would get up in his might nnd say
j if was all wrong and that. I should get
a chance. We used to talk in the old
days about fhe 'rubber stamps' that
Bowser had, but I never saw such n
collection of rubbor stamps as there are
, right now. One rubber stamp did get
j up and called 'question.' I think his
name is McGeer. He is an animated
rubber stamp (laughter)- It was to
prevent me getting the opportunity of
placing tny resolution beforo tho house.
I did my best but lost. Of course,
thero wns the steam-roller, but I got
back," ho declared.
"It happened there was a number
of privntc bills introduced by capitalists. Bowser asked mo not to block
thom. I said 'there is no legislation
cnn como beforo this house that is moro
important than labor legislation and I
will do everything I can against them
as long as I am not given a fair show.'
I blocked those bills nnd they aro now
out of ordor. If it had been 500 bills
I would have done the same thing,"
he added, amid applause. "If those
men had met me openly and fairly and
given me an opportunity to present my
resolution, I would havo mot thcrtn the
samo way. They preferred to apply their
force and powor ns against my power
and whon I get a chance to return it
I return it in full measure (applause).
In other words, I took tho first opportunity of throwing down the gauntlet
to those men    and    challenged    their
power and their strength and already
they know it is going to be a fight right
to the finish.
Important Resolution
"That re;wlutiomvns very important.
Oliver went on to oxplnin that it was
of no value as it was not to be denlt
with by legislation. But thnt legislation cannot be passed by the provinciul
houso but by tho Dominion houso under
Borden's Union government. If capitalism wore to say this last word in
this province, or all over the west, whnt
would we find? If they wero allowed
to continue undisturbed and unhampered without any revolution or
trouble it would moan one form of production only. If cnpitalism wore allowed to continue its sway and not interfered with that would be tho inevitable and final conclusion. Who wishes
to soe that condition of affairs? Are
you revolutionists in this placo willing
to wait till that happens? China is
awakening. Japan is awakening with
greater rapidity. How long will it bo
till our aims and ideals reach those
inillions of people so that they can take
intelligent action to hurry up and
bring about a transformation of the
means of wealth production which we
desire and which is absolutely necessary for tho benefit, not only of thc
working people, but for thc rest of tho
world?
"I, therefore, think it is inndvisnblo
in the interests of the workers of this
country to allow an influx of thoae
people at the present time. That is
why I took that stand in the house.
I desired to have the views of thc house
presented to Ottawa, but it was impossible for mc to do so nnd the whole
mutter lies in the hands of Sir Robert
Borden.
"Thoro was a timo in this Dominion
when a premier was supposed to keep
his word. If u man in his position
makes a statement, wo nccept it as
truth. A short lime ngo, on the question of conscript ion, Borden stood up
aad stateil emphatically that conscription would not be introduced by himself or his government, into this country. That promise is broken. It is
absolutely gone. Once bitten twice
shy. I do not know that I am prepared
tf) accept another statoment from him;
I do not know that I can rely upon it
or that I should be asked to relv upon
it.
"Borden snid a fow days ago they
did not intend to conscript labor, bu!
that they would like tho registration of
nil thc workers in Canada. Whut does
that menu? It simply menus this: thnt
Borden and his eollenguos, in tho interests of the Manufacturers' Association of Canada, require the conscription of labor, aud you can rest assured
that that man Borden will onco more
break his promise and proceed to follow the wishes and desires of thut class
which has placod him In power and
whose interests he represents.
Meaning of tbe Word!
"This 'conscription of labor' menns
you cannot leave your work. There is
no such thing ns a strike possible unloss things get to a condition of plain
revolution. But we do not want to
hnvo ourselves placed in -that position.
It is necessary to take cognizance of
this statement I am making and tako
the most emphatic action you ean in
regurd tb that matter," Mr. Hawthornthwaite declared, with omphasis.
"I do not know that there ever has
beon a time in the history of this Dominion when moro serioua quostionB affect the working class. I do not know
that I havo ever seen a greator feeling
of unrest among tho workers. Borden
has conscripted your young men. They
stand today with rifles in thoir hands.
He now proposes to conscript your
fathers und mothers aad daughters, because they   may be necessary, accord
ing to his ideas, in industrial work.
And after that is dono where do we
stand? Is it any wonder that there
is disturbance among Labor organization in this province Thero never
was a time when the working people
should take a greator interest and
more prompt action for the protection
of their own forcos.
'' We can abolish capitalism by
special acts in the province of British
Columbia, in Canada, or any part of the
British empire. Tou could take possession of the railways. The capitalist
class are commencing to do so. You
could take possession of the coal mines
in B. C, and tho railways and the hydro-electric power; and after you had
done that you would be in possession
of ovory mechanical power for the production of wealth." The speaker also
advocated tho taking control of the
milling interests, and said he for one,
would tako ovor as quickly as ho could,
overy industry. "We havo a legal right
under the termB of union between Canada and Groat Britain. Wo have the
sole control of proporty, and why not
do thnt?" he asked.
"We cnn take ovor every industry
and pay for them and tho workers will
not havo to pay a solitary cent. It
may bo a surpriso to you to know, but
the fnct remains that you hnvo nover
paid for anything yet. Who is going to
pay for those things we take over?
The capitalist class. It is just as easy
as it looks. Thoro is nothing in the
world lo prevent what I have snid inking place and being carried into effect
iu the next few years in B. C. If wo
had forty men in tho house in Victoria
we could proceed to work tomorrow.
Why don 't yon do thnt? Because every
particle of thnt wealth is held by a
capitalist govornment in reserve for the
requirements of tho capitalist class."
Fish-selling Scheme
Mr. Hawthornthwaite went on to refer
to Brewster's scheme for selling fresh
fish, and to the fact that most of the
salmon wns sont overseas, nnd said if
they woro only half a man thoy would
have gone to work yoars ngo and not
waited for him to tell them. "Use your
heads," he declared. "Havo the thing
out, go down there and cloar out that
house and proceed to cntch the sort
of fish you prefer to ont. (applause).
"Momentous events are happening
the wide world ovor. Tho cateclysm is
at hand. There never has been a timo
in thc history of tho world when eventB
of such terrific importance, not only
to tho working people, but all human
socioty, havo occurred. Thia is a Christian world. For God's sake look at it.
(laughter). Just take ono look at whnt
is going on today. Thero nover wns n
timo whon such nn accumulation of
wenlth existed, wenlth beyond roason,
incalculable wenlth stored up and hold
by one class the world ocer.
"This is the beginning of the end
(applause). The day is coming whon
class rule shall no longer prevail, tho
dny is in sight when tho downfall of
capitalism is at hand. The workers
the world over are aroused nnd thinking. They nre loking over the world
nnd thinking what is in this war for
them, othing but hiisory. hunger, wnnt
and degradation. But they intend to
havo no moro of that. Listen to the
tramp of tho revolutionary workers of
tho world marching on to the front.
Yes, mnrching on to wnr, nnd marching on to victory, victory for their
class."  (applause).
E. T. Kingsley Speaks
"There are certain reasons why tho
working class must engage in political
action distinctly on their own behalf,"
declared Mr. F. T. Kingsley, nt the
commencement of his speech. "For
probably <~*iio hundred centuries civilization has been bused ou onc thing, nnd
one thing nlone, and that is human
slavery. Tho working class today is
just as completely enslaved as ovor it
was in the days of Babylon and Assyrin,
Greece or Rome, nnd it is upon that
ono fundamentnl basis that all the
great super-structure of this boasted
civilization hns been built. And all
down through the history of thnt slavery there has been ono instrument
that has been utilized by tho master
claas as a means of holding the slaves
in subjection to the yoko of exploitation, nnd that ono instrument has beon
the instrument of governmont. Government menns nothing else but the holding of slaves in subjection to their
masters. Today that instrument, that
groat complicated mechanism of robbers
is in the hands of the ruling class of
every country on this enrth except
Russia, where the workers havo temporarily broken it.
"All through the ages your masters
have asserted thc right to lay down the
law and to onforce their edict no matter at what cost to you, and, until you
nnd your class rise up and make for
thc conquest of that instrument known
us government, thnt you niay scutlo and
destroy it and turn it aside from nn
instrument to bo used agninst you; until that dny comes your condition wilt
go from bad lo worse and you will sink
deeper into the swamp and Ihe slough
of despair."
Mr. Kingsley took issue with Mr.
Hawfhornthwaito on the statement that
Ihe working class had not paid for
anything. They hud, he snid. paid iu
tlieir ngony and pains for everything
that was done. "And beyond thnt
there can be no payment," he declared
amid applause.
Is Mailed Fist
That instrument known ns government with its powerful machinery to
law down an edict determined whnt the
slaves shall be allowed to do. The
machinery at hand was the mailed (ist.
Ihe club and the gun to enforce that
edict ngainst tho slaves and in the last
analysis to use thc club and beat the
slaves into subjection or even kill them
if tho enso demnnded it. "That instrument," said the Bpeaker, "hns been
allowed to remain in the hands of the
masters with no serious opposition on
the part of thc working clnsses.
The working pooplo constitute all tho
property on top of God's footstool,"
waB a remark which Bet thc house applauding. "It is by virtue of tho fact
that you men are here—I will not call
you men, because slavos are not men—
but I want to toll you that you workers
are tho only revenue-producing property
on top of tho earth.
"Just as long ob we stay out of the
legislative hallB, just as long aB we do
not challenge the right of tho classes
to rulo and rob us—and thoso are
synonymous terms—just as long as wo
do not challenge them and do not seize
that instrument of govornment nnd put
them out—just so long will we continue
to whine nnd snarl and grouch nnd
baby-cry and squall, and sink lower nnd
lower in poverty and misery.
"My friend Hawthornthwnite says I
ahi opposed to conacription. I tell you
now, I am opposed to everything the
master class demnnds. (Applnuao.) If
they say, "Thou shalt not,' I feel like
saying, "You're a liar, I will.'
(laughter). I do not stop to nnnlyze
the proposition whether it is good or
bad. I do not noed to, because I know
that what is good for that man is not
good for tho despised alave crowd
that I belong to. We get patted on
the back from our masters. For heaven's sake, do not let us pat oursolvos.
We are a joke. Wo are the only joke
in all history that will bear repeating.
And then we swell up like toads in a
thunder storm and talk about democracy and liberty (applause).
Stand He Takes
"All over this western continent the
Labor movement has professed its loyalty to the governmont and to the masters who represent us. Not for me,"
said the speaker, amid laughter and
applause. "I am disloyal to that and
I do not hesitate to say so and I will
repudiate it whenever the moment
seems opportune and I will stand up
and bawl it out no matter what the
consequences (applause),
'' ReaBonB why the working class
should go into politics?" ho askod.
"Yes, there is evory reason in the
world, Tho lino of politicnl action Is
the only action making for the seizure
of the ruling-class interests, the capitalist and the government institutions.
Wo muat go into politics or wo muBt
be forevor whipped."
Speaking of what is termed the dignity of Labor, Mr. Kingsley said tho
workors woro fighting for their country undor that grand old trademark of
a gang of robbers. "I nm now speaking of the American flag," ho added
amid laughter. "Is it anything else
but a commorcial trademark?" ho
asked. "That," ho continued, "is the
flag that is leading thoso men ovor the
water to fight for democracy."
"We cannot keep out of politics,"
ho proceeded. "We must first and always remember that our political purpose and object does not conform with
tho purposo and object of our masters.
Tho reason why the masters are in politics is to retain possession of the government. Ours is. to got it. Their purpose is to uso it against us. Our purpose is to scuttle it, to spiko its guns so ; (^J;
that we may no longer bo held in sub' der, Holm
•    " *- ■ 7405.
VANCOUVER UNIONS!
TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
firat snd third Thursdays. Exocutive
board: President, G. J. Kelly; ■..■■j-prt.Bident,
F. \V. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. B. Midgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A. Hoover..	
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADSS COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday la the month. President, Oeo. Hartley;   secretary,  R.  H.  Mas*
lands, P.O. Box 68.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL NO. 876—MEETS
flrst Sanday of eaoh moath, Labor Templo.
President, Jtika Martin; tnanela) sscretary,
J. Smith, 810 Holden Bldg., Bos 434, Phoae
Sey. 2672; recording secretary, Wn. Hottl*
shew, P.O. Box 484, Vaneoaver, g. O.,
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA*
tional Union of America, Local No. ISO—
Meets second and fourth Taesdeya 1ft tto
moath, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, 6. II. Grant, 1071
Alberni street.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS'. NO.l—
Meets second and fourth Wedneadaya, 8
p.m., Room 807. Piesldont, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding aeeretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
68 j financial secretary, W. J. Plpsa.	
BRCTfiftltHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. Si 7—Meets overy second aad fourth
Mot.day evening, £ p.m., Laber Temple.
Pre iik'ut, )(. W. Hutley; financial secretary,
a. 1'houi; recording seoretary, O. H, Hardy,
Konn_208, Labor Temple. Phone Ser. 7496.
BREWERY WORKERS. L. O. NO. 281, I. U.
U. v.. W. of A.—ifoets flrst and third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Boom 802, Labor
Temple, H pin. President, F. Graham; secretary, A.  E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,  1786 Fourth
avenue wnst._	
BROTHERHOOD    OB    BOILER    MAKERS
and   Iron   Ship   Builders   and  Helpers  of
America,   Vancouvor Lodgo No,   194—'Meets
every Hominy, 8 p.m.    President, A. Campbell, 220 Second stroot; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser,   11G1  Howe street;   business
agent, J. H. Carmicliael, Roomi 212, Labor
'Couple. ________
000K8,    WAITERS    AND    WAITRESSES,
Local U8-- Meets every Friday, 9 p. in.,
Labor Temple. President, Fred. Hams; sec-
rotary and business agent, Win. Mackenzie,
Room ' '■ Labor Temple. Office hours, 11 to
'"     " 'Q 6 P-i".
INTERN]
Oporn I
i Meots    '
: Temple
TIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
ig hngrneers, Local No. 620—
*ry Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
President, J. R. Flynn, B10 Moodio
lininstor; vice-president, P.
secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexan-
"10, Labor Temple. Phono   Sey.
DEEP BliA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Padfli*—Moots  every Tuesday,
437 Gjre av<~ "       " "'
ageut.
every Tuesday" 7 p.m~  al
Russell Kearley, business
Ion
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meate in Hoom 205, Labor Temple,
every/ Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDoigall, i i 32 Powell struct; recording
secretnry, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
il seeretary and business agent, E. H.
■- It.u.j.i 207 Labor Temple,
N,\ f'iONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
..iun, Local 8862—Office and halt, 804
stroet east. MeetB every Thursday,
8 i in. Secretary treasurer, F. Chapman;
bus-mesa a^ent, J. Gordon Kolly.
I. L. A., LOCAL 88-62, " AUXILIARY-^
- (Marine 'Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquartera, 436 Howo street.
Meets first und third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secietsry ami business agont, E. Winch.
MACHiN'-^TS'V NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
-If*-I fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President,
; recording secrotary, J. Brooka;
■erotary, J. H. McVoty, Room 211
pie. Soymonr 7495.
AMALGAM vfED~ MEAT "CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. (J-CJ—Moots
rt"'   and   third   Tuesdays   of   each   month,
P.Mid,*:
J.   Wall:
(IniUcInl
Liibor T
iibor  Te
<une;  :
'I'le,
rdlng t
jection to robbery.
Oan End Slavery
"It is up to the working classes tp
end this slavory, The Bolsheviki ol
Russia have made a noblo beginning
nnd I believo thut thnt spirit is the hopo
of the civilized world, and, sooner or
later, that spirit will swoop the whole j Am
enrth and sue ond-hnnd shops from that
dny on will bo ramful of thrones end
crowns (lnughtor nnd applause). We
have got sohio little job on our hnnflfl
but until that job is finished tho condition of our class will sink lower nnd
from worse to-worse.
"Some people think that govornraOtttB
are for the protection of tho poor little
lam whoso fleece is not long enough to
protect it. But that it not tho purpose. The purpose is to take tho reHt
of the fleece and then to slaughter the
lamb for mutton (laughter). Tha reason wo go into politics is embodied in
tho fact thnt the wealth producers of
the world are an completely onslayedjx
ns wero tho slaves of tho south before | q
tho wnr or the slave of Babylonian
days. Government is the institution
that holds them in subjection. And
that will remain until tho workers control tho mnchinery of governmont and
proceed to stop the robbery that is now
being perpetrated upon them, by removing the shackles from their limbs."
.Speaking on the war nnd the condition of the working class ns n result of
lho war, he mid thnt tho German work-  ^^'j
wig class were in as bad a flx as were recording seoretary, S. Gould,"2140 Georglt
tho workers of this  and   other  coun* "treet east.
tries becauso of the otic fact that ho ■ RETAIL CLERKS' UNION, LOCAlT^T^
had Blinded lo. He attributed tho renson | „,£,ofl& An,_.L.ab?.r .?OD*P*o every first and
why fhe Central Powers precipitated
tho wnr, to the fact that they woro at
least 200 years behind wostorn Europe
in political development. Thoso feudal
monarchies, armed   to  the teeth  with
pittilist tools and weapons, in the
blind fury of self defense, aimed their
lirst vicious blow at France In the west,
although making the pretense that fhe
real menace to peaee was the Bussian
mobilization. The real menace was, as
n matter of fnct, the oncoming democrncy thnt wns developing in the west.
Its propnganda constituted a deadly
throat nt thc feudal regime of absolutism in the Central European countries.
If this feudalism was to survive, democracy—even the nascent democracy of
capitalism—must bo demolished. Otherwise it would eventually conquer the
remaining- feudal survival, and; of
course, this opened up even more dangerous possibilities in thc way of n
working class democracy—an industrial
democracy for tho near future. This no
doubt accounts in no small degree for
the fnct thnt thc first blow was struck
nt Frnnce, probably tho most democratically advanced country on earth.
p.m.       President,   B,  W.
rotary, E. Lofting; flnnn-
wm nutr-mi-y mm  misiliess agent, T. W. Anderson,      bor Temple.
PATTERN MAKERS'" LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouvor and vicinity)—
Branch nioulfl second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Lnbor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Grant streot| flnanolal seoretary, J. Lyons, 15J8 Venables street;
reeordlnc secretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247
Point Grey road. Plume Bayview 2970L.
BROTHICRIIOOD OF PAINTERS, LOCAL
No, 1118—Meets second and fourth Thursdays of each in on td, Room 303, Lahor
'" unple. President, D. Hughes; vico-prosi*
flnanolal-BGO.,   L.   Amos;
Hughoi
Must Assume Control
'Unless," said Mr, Kingsley, "thc
workers of the world move forward
politically and assulno control of and
seize the governmental powers in thoir
various countries aud bring order out
of chaos, I tell you that this world
will bo condemned to a repetition of Ihe
dark ages that followed the downfall Of
the Roman empire, just as sure as the
sun will rise on the morrow." (np-
plauflo).
'I look forward to the time," he
snid in conclusion, "in fnct, I con-
icier wo are right on the threshold of
lhat dny when all the membera of human society, tlie working people and all
of tho renl democrats of those countries and nil the progressive elements
will line up together for tho one common purpose of bringing this crazy
riiling-elitss civiliznt-ou to its finish.
Lot us help it along in destroying itself
and build a structure out of the ruins
that is based upon freedom, upon real
democracy, upon the rights of all men
aad women to live upon this earth npon
the production and the fruits of their
own toil without paying tribute to any
rulors and masters.   (Applause).
Do your buying at stores that display
the union card.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Temple
VAHOOUVEB. B.  O.
—Headquarters for Labor Men—
Rates—75c and |1.00 per day.
12.50 per weok and ap.
Osfe at Beasonauie Kates
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBIT
One Block west of Court Home.
Use of Modern Ohapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrnos.
Telephone Seymonr 8430
third Tueada
P. Cornell,  (5
tary-trcasuroi
ville street.
s, 8:15 pin.   Pros'ldontV Bar!
•fi Eleventh avenue east; secre-
^Arelulintd V. (lien,  10711 Mel-
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION," NO. 1565
—Moots second and fourth Fridays of each
month, tf p.m., Lnbor Templo. President, O.
Seams; recording secretary; W. Hnrdy, 445
Twenty-third street west, North Vancouver;
financial  secretary,  S.  Phelps.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeti
Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. S. Cloveland; recording score*
tary ,A, V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street.
Phono High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlco corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Ol
America. Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In oach month, 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, A. R. Gatonby; vice-president, W.
Larson; recording secrotary, W. W. Hocken,
Bax 503; flnanclal aeoretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508.
GENERAL    TEAMSTERS'    AND    CHAUF*
fours' Union, Local No. 65S—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business agont, J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Fair. 716R;
financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Rob*
son street, Pbone Sey. 5670. Offlee, Room
"18, Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meets
last Sundny of ench month at 2 p.m. Pre*
sident, R. Marshall; vice-president. W. H.
Jordan: Kecrotnry-trensuror, R. H. Neelands,
Box 66. *
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets in
iinniNil  convention In January.    Executive
offlcors, 1018*191 Presidont, Duncan McCal*.
, Lnbor Temple, Vnncouver; vlce-prosi*
ih—Vancouver    Island,    Walter    Head,
South Wellington! Vietoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Kupiil,   W,   IS.   Thompson;   Vnncouver,   E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles;    West   Knotonay,    Marcus   Martin,
Nelson;   Orows  Nest  Pass,   W.   A.   Sherman,
Pernio,   Boorolary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, Boi
1588, Victoria, It. C.
VICTORIA^ __a.	
Victoria     trades " and     labob
Council—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Lnbor Hall, 1424 Oovernment atreet,
nt 8 p.m. President. B. Simmons; vice-
president, T. Dooley, 1278 Deiiman street;
secretary, A. 3. Wolls, Box U02, Victoria,
B^OL ^_
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF UNITED
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Meats
nt K. uf P. hnll, North Park street, on the
second and fourth Thursdays of eaeh month.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
2642 Scott street, Victoria, B^C.
PRINOE  RUPERT.   B.  O.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters' hall.
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B, C.
_~~soura~wliLLmaTON.jr. i.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A.—
MeetB second and fourth Sundays of oaoh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording secretary, James Bateman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Maedonald; treasurer, J, H. Richardson.
TRAIL, B. O.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 286—Meets la Mlnen'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. Preal*
dent, B. Ball; secretary, tr*4 Osual, P. O.
Drawer S., Trail, B. O.
*>4A> Of America  	
corniCMT amor MwnHmmmp icos , OmOIAL    PAPEB    VAHOOUVEB
fUDEB  AHD  LABOB   OOTOOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL  PAPEB   BUTZIB  ML.
mm pedebatioi or mbob
TENTH YEAR.   No. 9
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1918
CaSSST)     $1.50 PER YEAR
See Dr. Lowe
p*.v**.*,v,v....i.y;.Vi,Vy,^^
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
DB. LOWE does not handle anything but the best of
materials thc dental market affords, and thc work
which is turned out under his supervision is
Well Made by Well Paid Experts   '
DB. LOWE 'replaces lost or missing teeth with teoth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Louie's (trices, value considered, are reasonable
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
Goods for Manual Labor
GLOVES, from  50t* to $2.00
GAUNTLETS,  from   75«*. to $2.50
CARHARTT OVERALLS, Jumpers and Boiler Suits.  Also
other good makes.
SHIRTS—Black Sateen, from $1.50 up.   Flannel Shirts in
blue and light shades.
BOYS' DEPARTMENT—New goods just opened up. Everything thc boy wears but thc boots.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
COTTON CREPE
OF THE RELIABLE KIND
This Cotton Oropo ia tlio old reliable qunlity in tlio old dyes nnd cnn bc
thoroughly depended on.   We havo n largo stock in nil tho OA
shades nlso stripes; 30 inches wide,   Per yard OUC
Wo nlso hnvo some of tho old high-grade stock in plain white only, 30
inches wide.   A high-class material which wo arc selling nt, tho    CA/»
old priue.     Por yard Uvv
CHILDREN'S ROMPERS AND DRESSES
Those come in plain or striped effects and nre for ages 1 to 5. Splendid
at."!8. 65c, 75c, 85c
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS 662 OBANVILLE STBEET
Hats for Spring
You'll find them hore in all their
rejuvenating freshness—n fine lino of
union-made Hats among them.
Remember, too, wo give you exnet
shade, shape and lit. All the likeable new colors; many union-nindo
Huts among them.
Sterling Soft Felts and Derbies
$3.00 to $6.00
Up-to-date Caps $1.00 to $2.60
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTERS    Near Oor. Hastings   417  GRANVILLE
ANNOUNCEMENT
We wish to announce to the citizens of Vancouver and surrounding districts, that we have purchased the Clothing and
Furnishings business recently conducted by J. H, (Mickey)
Richardson. '
Wo uslt for u contltiuanco of tlio generous patronago givon him, and
trust thut by honorable businoss methods we will be able to create and
mliintnin oonildonco with thoso whom we do business.
Wo nro positive ono purehase at our store will mnke you u satisfied
customer for tho Fit-Bite Clotting and Furnishings Parlors.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
GORDON JONAH    -    -    Proprietors
401 HASTINOS STREET
OEORGE PBAT
OORNER HOMER
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
Dollar Day
Bargains
Saturday is Dollar Day. We feature many special
lines at a Dollar tomorrow. Extraordinary savings
—be here.
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
ISLAND CQAL MINERS
OF
546 OBANVILLE STREET
A SEVERE LOSS TO
LABOR MOVEMENT
Give Unanimous Support to
All the Refercndums
Submitted
Are Actively Interested in
The Fed. and the New
Labor Party
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, Pol». 25.—
Tim regular mooting of our local union was
hold Inst night when the referendum votes,
ubmltted by the B. 0, P. of L., were taken,
both ot whicb were carried unanimously.
A discussion upon the merits of The Federationist look plue?, in which it was generally conceded that The Pod. is tho bust
working-class paper on lbe continent. It
wus also thought that lbe movement would
lie   greatly   assisted   by   piucing   the   paper
th-e bands of every thado unionist in the
,„*ovince, for a greater circulation would put
lbe paper on it bettor financial basis, wliich,
turn, will make lbe paper better slill.
,rus pointed out that tlio paper does not
..,v on tbo subscription price, but by tWB
money derived from advertisements, and the
circulation of tho paper determines the
amount of advertising the management is
nubled to secure.
It is to be hoped Umt the affiliated membership of tlio Federation will realize what
a potent factor tlu press is, and will de-
ildo to make Tbe Federationist truly their
own paper by making ils subscription price
a part of iheir por capita lax lo tho Pod-
oration, Such a move is, at this time, absolutely essential, whsn a working-class political party is in its infancy.
The Federationist, in the hands of all the
membership, will be au efficient medium for
propagating the gospel of freedom as enunciated by the statement of policy of tho new
pnrty, statements ro fools and fakers to the
ntrary notwithstanding.
In the very near future we will undoubtedly see The Federation ist adopted as the official paper of th-e Federated Labor Party.
We will then have a trinity of» "Feds."
which will bode ill for the forces of reaction
nt present holding Bway.
Ottawa Seeing Tilings
Tbo government is surely beginning to
soo tho approach of its Nemesis, when it
invites the co-operation oT Labor, as evidenced by the conferences lately held at
Ottawa between tho good, kind governmont
and representatives of Labor.
According to the report wo discussed In
our mooting, the government has promised
consideration to Labor, bnt, if my memory
serves mo right, these cattle have mado
promises bofore, so wo would do well to
remember the scriptural injunction: "Put
not your trust in princes nor hi tha
of men."
It Ib lo be noted that the Labor inon
tacitly agreed to the principle of compulsion when tbey agreed with the government
in exempting furm labor from compulsory
military s?rivco, leaving the inference thnt
they agreed with all other occupations being
subjected to the mandates of tho "press
gang."
They have placed a powerful weapon in
tho hands of tlio government, when they
agreed to compulsory registration, for essential industries. It seems strange that ft
man or woman should be forced to register
for   "voluntary"   industrial (service.
The manaco lies in placing in the hnnds
of the military beast a census from which
ho ean choose, and we must see the reality
of tho menace when our minds go back a
short time, to tho first registration scheme,
nnd to what uso It was put. As proof I
quoto a heading from the Dally Provinco
of Sept. 26, 1917, which runs as follows:
"67,004 liable between ages of 17 and 30;
these men hnvo no dependents and follow
non-essential occupations. . . . Statistics
are obtained from national service board's
cards."
Some Democratic Compulsion
That word "compulsion" Ib a good word
to steer clear of, especially when it is used
by a government of persons wblch is essentially a slave institution and, as such, is
fvunded upon force. Thc only time the
slave should think of compulsion is when he
wakes up and uses compulsion to throw the
parasites off his bnck.
While on the theme of compulsion, a little
discussion   of an  incident  that occurred in
nnimo a short time ago is in order. Threo
...iscripts of Nanalmo took to tbo wotds in
ordor to oscnpe being forced to flght for
freedom. All went well until somo stool-
pigeon, through jealousy, hope of reward, or
some other cause, squenled to the authorities.
Thereupon a military party, accompanied by
the chief of police, which, by tho way, was
pnrt of their purchase pries, set out. They
were also accompanied by Mr. John Gro-
ham, the gamo warden, who guided them to
the lair of the conscripts.
We hnve not been able to learn yet whether
the duty of a game warden extends to the
bunting of conscripts. However, n nice little
chnrge ot trapping out of season wns pr»
ferred ngninst the victims, who were finally
turned    over    to    (he    military    authorities,
charged, presumably,  with  hunting in  the
wrong place, At Ihe time of writing it is
not known whnt decoration the heroic game
warden will obtain. It will most likely be
the D.S.0. or the B.S.O., anywny. If be gets
the same reward as his prototype, Judas
Iscariot,  got,  it  Is to be hoped  that  he will
have the decency to follow his example.
Upon reading, in last week's Fed., of a
proposed organization mooting In Nnnnlmo on
Sunday night laBt, and desiring to get some
news regarding the progress being mnde with
the Federated Labor Party, your correspondent hired a rig nnd went on n tour of
Investigation, only to find, upon arrival, thnt
it wns not a public meeting, but n meeting
of the organising committoe.
Arrangements nre being mnde lo bold a
publio meeting next Sundny, March fl, when
nn  .'Hurt   will  be  made  lo  obtain  the  nssls-
tance of outside speakers, Jim Hawthornthwaite preferably.
We in South Wellington nre trying to get
ii mooting for lho afternoon of the same
dny, when n real stnrt will be made in organisation work.
The quostion of Mr. T. Wostwell's withdrawal from the vlee-presld mey of the party
wns taken up, and mr old notnrade, Jim
Hodgklnson, signified his willingness lo take
over the duties, Our friends Wostwoll is
tto busy instructing the members of tho
South Wellington brass band to take npon
himself tlio duties of vice-president of the
party. He hopes to be able to get the band
In shape to piny at the May-Day celebration we 'expect to ngnin stage this yenr.
The Mystery Finished
Your correspondent hns been guilty of
committing the unpnrdonnhle sin of delving
Into the pages of the Finished Mystery, before it was consigned to the (deleted by
censor). The Utile I saw of it confirms my
suspicions. I always had the opinion thnt
the censor was a meddlesome old busybody,
and now I mn sure of it, unless, of courso,
the statements made by certain irresponsible
individuals with reference to ttlfl church
being the hnnd-malden of the ruling class,
are true. The Finished Mystery certainly
does sny some nasty things about th? dear
old church. For pure, unadulterated bigotry
it certainly is Ihe llmi:. According to their
contentions Paslnr Russell's coming has
boon well advertized In Die pages of that
family journal, the, bihle. How-ver, the
book has received the greatest adverllsemont
it was possible to give It, and I, for one,
will certainly do my utmost to obtain a copy
when permissible. 1 also stand rondy to help
the I. B. S. A. fn the flght ngninst the
nntocratic methods nf the censor, not becnuso
their ideas of (heology appeal to me, but becnuse I blltovo In liborty of the press. If
the slatements mnde in thoir book nre un-
tmo, Ihey enn lie eontrndlctod. but if, ngaln,
the Ktnteinenls ure true, let ns hnve the
truth. Religions history has shown us that
the church always teaches the < lilies of the
ruling clnss, nnd in yonr scribe's humble
opinion, the Into Pastor Kussoll Raw thn
signs on the horizon of a re-shuffle in human
society nnd attempted lo get n jump ah'ad
of the gnme, by formulating a new set of
ethics for the system of society whose coming he saw.
History shows us  that  with  each change
B.C.F.0FL.V0TE0N
Question Put Squarely Up
to the Membership for
a Decision
THE LATE "JIMMY" ROBINSON
Whoso death took place nt the family residence, 10-13 Eighth avenue enst, Inst Snturdny morning, February 23. He lenves
to mourn his loss, besides his wife, three
children. The deceased wns a member of
tho I. O. O. F. No. 19 nnd the Court Burrard lodge of the Independent Order of
Foresters, nlso a member of tho Carpenters' union, locul 017. The funeral took
place Wednesday, at 2:30 o'clock, Rev.
Crnig officiating. Interment I.O.O.F. plot,
Mountain View cemetery,
WHEN THE DEATH of "Jimmy" Robb
son wus announced at tbo Labor Templo on Saturday morning last, his many
old-time friends and associates in the trade
union movement keenly felt the loss. For
many years the deceased had boen nn active
worker in tho ranks of organized labor, and
much of his work ns a business ngent will
live long nfter bim. To his wifo and kiddies
who survive him, Tbe Foderntionist, on be-
half of orgnnized labor, wishes to extend nil
that is humanly possiblo, their deepest sympathy and expression of appreciation of the
valiant work performed by husband and
father while in good health, n work thnt
must of necessity hnve been shared by the
family.    It is  hard to feel that  "Jimmie1
Present Outlook Is That the
Action of the Convention
WiU Be Ratified
The referendum voto of the membership of the B. C, Federation of Labor,
as to whether the por capita tax shall
be raised from two cents to seven centa
per month, as adopted at the recent
Vancouver convention, is now being
takon, and thc returns so far received
by Secretary Wells indicato that tho
nction of the convontion will bo confirmed. If the vote ia carried it will
mean that of tho seven cents, five cents
will bo set apart as payment for The
Federationist to bo mailed to each individual member of tlxo B, 0. F. of L.,
ovor 12,000 in all. While the subscription price of 60 cents per year is below actual cost of production, it is cerium that the increased circulation will
mako increased advertising patronago
possible to recoup the loss.
The Official Ballot
Socrotary Wells, under date of Feb.
18,  oificially puis  the  question  up  to
tlio membership in this way:
REFERENDUM ON PROPOSED
AMENDMENTS    TO    CONSTITUTION
1.   Proposed Amendment to Article XII.
—Revenue
That the per capita tax be raised from
two cents per member per month to
seven cents por member per month.
Each member of the affiliated unions, on
whom per capita tax is paid, to receive
ench week a copy of Tho D. C. Fedorationist,  mailed to  his  home  address.
Secretary's  Explanatory  Comment
"The proposal is of  such importance  ns
to warrant somo little comment and explanation.
CARHARTT'S OVERALLS
ARE THE BEST OVERAUS
the deliberations and councils of labor. The
dread white plague hns claimed nnother victim, ono whom the Labor movemont cnn ill
afford to lose. During his prolonged illness
"Jimmie" wns eheorful and game, and his
Interest in world ovents affecting the grent
international Labor movement nevor flagged
for a moment. Ho would liksd to have lived
to seo tho Bolshevikis of tho world triumph.
But fnto decreed otherwise, and ho wns pre-
pnred to accept tho decision. "Jimmio" wns
n man's man, and tbe Lnbor movement Is
the better for*his having lived and boon n
part of U.
Robison  will   no  longor  bo  a   frequent^  oM""»ri the first place, the need for nil work-
the Labor Temple, nor ngnin participate in "0Is to rend the Labor press must be recog-
Bat take t tip and buy a
f«w extra pain at owe, aa
the price will advance
shortly, for reasons at onee
apparent.
Your Dealer
Has Them
Union Made
Best Made
Made in B. C.
Factory:
Entire 8th Floor
World Bldg.
PHONE SEY. 2493
Cut Rate Drugs
People are continually complimenting us on the service
they receive at our stores. New customers say they
did not know the Great Saving it would mean by getting their Drug wants from ub. They flnd quality the
best, and our prices much lower than they had been
paying to so-called Cut-Rate Druggists.
in the method of production thore wns a corresponding change in the form of religion.
Tho Protestant church took the place of the
Roman Catholic church, when tho industrial
revolutions made necessary the co-operation
of seiinee wilh industry. The Catholic church
had persecuted ihe scientist for ages, hence
the necessity for a new church. Tho Prntes'
Innt church became tlio hand-maiden of cap!
talism, and now that capitalism is on its
last legs the Pastor Russells are beginning
preparations for fastening themsolvos upon
humnn society whon tha chnngo tnkes place.
OFFICIAL   LIST   OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNOIL MEETING
Attendance Boll Prepared hy Statistician Fred. Knowles of Central
Lahor Body
I. L. A. Auxiliary--E, Winch, N. Lambert.
Bricklayors—W. Pipes.
Barbers—S. H, Grant, C. E. Herrltt, O.
Heise, H. Tuff, A. Edgar.
Bartenders—W.   Mottishaw.
Bookbinders—II, Perry.
Brewery Workers—No delegates.
Boiler Mnkers—T. Fawkes, M. MoEaehorn,
E. Alston, E, Moore, V. Young.
Bridge   and   Structural    Ironworkers—No
delegates.
linkers—A. Myers, J. Francis.
Blacksmiths—No delegates.
Cigar Makers—A. P. Tlotien, G. Ernst, J.
Walters,
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley, 0. Harrison, J. White, J.  McFarlnnj.
Cooks nnd Wallers—A. Graham, \V. McKenzie.
Carponters. Brotherhood—G. Thom, G.
Hardy, \V. Thomas, H. Hntley, R. Campbell.
Carpentors. Amulgninnled—\V. S, Amos, it,
McCormuek.
Civic Employees (North Shore)—No dole-
gntes.
Doep Sea Fixhermuu—R, Kearloy.
Electrical Workers—W. A. Trousdale.
Garment Workers—Miss Gutteridge, Mrs.
Bnsselt.
Civic  Firemen—No delegates.
I, A. M., No. 777—F, E. Edney, A.
Davidson, 0. Know!ton.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, J. McCarthy,
J. Dodd. 0. Hungerford.
Longshoremen—G. Kelly, 0. Thomas, J,
Muhone,   J.  MMdlelon.
Lathers—A,  P.  Surge*
Freight Handlers—A. Lllburn, J. Dnvls, ('.
Iloneysell,   0.   Blunt,   A.   Ollbortlmrpo.
Machinists, No. 188—J, H. MVety. J.
Brookes.   (I.   Lvlo.   A.   H.  Towler.   W.   Hnw-
thorno.
Moving Picture Op'rotors—A.  0,  Hansen.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson, A. Hubert.
Ment Cullers— II. W. Lane, A. H. Ueres-
ford,  T. Anderson,  J.  Summers,
Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers—F. Welsh, G. Rose, B. Merer,
A. Morrell.
Pattern Makers—0. Hoys, W. J, Olseu.
Painters—J. Wilson.
Press  Assistants—No delegates.
Piled rivers—W.  F.  Ironsides,   T.   Enright.
E. Carlson, B, HowKfis, B, Horn.
Plasterers—A, Hurry.
Retail Clerks—A. P. Glen.
Railway Mail Clorks—No delegates.
Street Railwaymen— W. H, Cottrell. .1.
Hubble,   J.  Price,   Kermode.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford, A.
J, Friend.
Sailors—No delegates.
Shoo Workers—W. Klvln.
Stage Employees—No delegntcs.
Shipyard Laborers—No delegates.
Steam Enginoers—W. Alexnndar, W.
Vaughn, H. Longley.
Shipwrights—K. McKenzie, R. MeKonxlo,
Rodgers,  A, McAninch.
Steain Shovel nnd DredgJinen—No delegates.
Tnllnrs—A. It. Gntenby,
Typos,—W. R. Trotter.
Tilolnyers—J.  Kavanangh.
Telegraphers—G, It, Oauvreau.
Teamsters—J. F, Ponlo, B. Rhowler. (I.
Petrie,  W.  M. Brown,  W.  Burgess.
Miisilcans—E. J. I>?nis.
Mill and Fnclnry Workers—G. Campbell,
,'J.  Gibbons,
Warehousemen—A, stuurt, J. Edgar.
Home Workers'  Lengue—No delegntes,
Brotherhood of Railway Employers—J. W.
Brown, E. Robson, J, Harden. F. Armstrong.
Mnchfnlsls,   No.   720—R,   Yonnpash.
Oil Refinery Workers—A. Smith, W. Whlt»
law, E. Singleton.
Totnl—110.
press must be recog*
nized, and mnny nnd varied schemes have
been tried to establish The B, C. Federa-
lionist as a medium uf information for the
organized workers.
"To dnlo tho pnper has not received tbo
support that It Ib worthy of, and, as a rosult, the movement in the provlne is not
as well informed as it should be on tlio affairs that vitally affect tho workers.
"The B. C. Foderntionist is the bost papei
of ids kind in tho country. In addition to
that, its news columns uro devoted to giving
tha true stato of affairs—which is not the
case in tho ordinary newspapers of tho coun'
try—and questions that affect tlio workeri*.
are dealt with from a working-class viewpoint.
"With n wider circulntion of the pnper,
thore would bo .little doubt ns to the growth
of the movement. Twelve thousand afflliated
members receiving tho paper weekly would
ensur; t'-only-five thousand workers in tho
provinco iccoming readers, and, as a consequence, thoy would become better informed
as to actual conditions, as tbey affect the
workers of the province,
"The cost of tho paper to the individual
under the proposed nmendment, would bo n
fraction over a cent a copy. At present
many of tho afflliated organizations are paying ono dollar a year for their copies, when
obtained by the organisation subscribing in a
body.
"Thc proposal, if adopted, will place the
paper In the hands of the affiliated members
at a cost of sixty cents per year, which, in
Itself, Is a considerable saving.
"In conclusion, ths affiliation of the local
ions cnn be obtained at a co6t of eighty-
four cents por member per yoar, which will
enrry with it a subscription to The B. TJ.
Federatlonist, and which cannot, under tho
old arrangement, bu secured at less than ono
ilollnr and twenty-four cents per member per
year.
"It is only through such an arrangement
ns the proposed amendment nffors, that thp
cost of the paper, to the individual can be
reduced to what must be evident to nil, ns
being thc lowest possible  chnrge."
To thoso organizations already subscribing in a body for The Federal ion-
ist at tbo rate of $1 per year, it will
moan a saving of 40 cents a yenr, more
tlitin enough to pay the B. 0. F, of I„
rogular per capita tax.
It furthor moans that tho actual paid
circulation of Tlie Foderntionist will
jump from 8,700 to more than 2(1,00(1.
Tins tremendous addition to the circulation and influence of "tho only
Labor paper published west of Winnipeg" will at onee bo apparent to nny
who recognize the need nnd value of
publicity through a medium absolutely
freo of tho stringN and circumscribed
promises of the average daily paper.
When added to Ihe nbove circulation
will be the recruits possible from the
formation of the recently'Organized
Federated Labor Party, which Includes
unorganized ns woll as organizod workmen, it will bo seen that The Federn-
tionist has many possibilities just
ahead.
The Podorat)onTst is not run ns u pro-
lilini;king business. On the contrary,
very dullnr of revenue is put btieh into
the enterprise, with a view to making
t n bigger nnd better paper.
Increased mechanical facilities are already being installed, und the moment
the result of the referetiduin is announ-
Odj if favorable, Federationist readers
can reasonably look forward to further
improvements in size and quality.
In a word, The Federutionist will be
just exactly what the membership make
it.
The union label permits all union
mon and sympathizers to be helpful
in tho work of moral and social improvement of pooplo without becoming
offensive even to those of their friends
whoso lack of knowledge inclines thom
to opposing tho ideals of trade unionism.
IS THERE A SHORTAGE OF
LABOR IN VANCOUVER?
Unorganized and Unprotected Workers
Find to Thoir Sorrow a Plon-
tttudo of Tbelr Kind
Some of the patriotic employers of
Vancouver aro howling for more Oriental labor in this province, on the
grounds that there is n scarcity of the
untive article. During the past weok
tho I, X. I.. Laundry, Vancouver, advertised for a man to fire a boiler nnd
make himself generally useful, nt $12
oek, Whon at least one early morning applicant recently from Port Arthur, renched this ofllce, there were 22 men
waiting for tho job.   Need any moro bo
'1?    Why Orientnlst
The real friend of lnbor shows his
friendliness by grunting the claim of
the workers to know most about their
own affairs. Tho professional in that
line is known by his assumed superiority of judgment,"
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1966 A 1968
BRANOH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 8532
782 OranviUe Street Seymonr 7013
2711 OranviUe Stroet Bay. 2314 k 17440
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 ft 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service I
our over our counter,   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
The Season's Best Shoes
This store ot Good Shoes oflfcrs its trade tho best Footwear
made for the Spring Season.
This is tlie store for people who do not judge shoes by some
advertised "Bargain Price," but rather by tlie quality of the
Shoe.
WE'RE AT YOUR SERVICE
with tho best of Footwear for Men, Women nnd Children.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
Co-operate With Your
Street Railway
to get the best car service
Co-operate with the car crews in getting on
and off quickly. ,
Co-operate with your fellow passengers
in observing the rights and convenience
of others.
Co-operate with the company in adhering
to its rules and acceding to its requests.
Co-operate in sending your constructive
criticism of the service of the company.
Co-operate in giving the company your
good-will rather than your antagonism.
A minute or two of thought upon street
railway problems will return uou good
dividends in better service.
destine PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IB. C.
fnbUshed every Friday morning by tha B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
t. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Alter 6 p.m.: Sey. 7487K
Subscription: 11.50 per year; ln Vancouver
Olty, |2.00:  to anions  subscribing
in  a  body,  fl.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
Ikm Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
grinoe Rupert 8. D. Moodonald. Box 268
Victoria.- , A. S. Wells, Box 1538
"Unity or Labor:   tbe Hope of tbe World"
MHDAY March 1, IMS
.
THE RELIGIOUS superstition is
rntud by mnny ns thu most gigantic hoax thut ever found lodgment
in tho silly bruin of num. Othors thoro
aro who would give lirst plnco to tho
medical hoax, thnt is
A PAIEY TALE prinmrily based upon
OP FINANCIAL tho grotesque fancy
PLIMFLAM. that euros for the
bodily ills that human flesh is heir to because of filthy
habits of living, can bc purchased in a
drug store. To tho unbiased observer,
however, there can be but little choico
between the hoax of being able to purchase everlasting life in Klysiitn fields
with earthly promises to pny something
which can not be paid, and the hoax of
being able fo purchase health by partaking of charms and potions, themselves usually coneocted from filth and
poisons and compounded by other ignoramuses whoBe motive is the snme ns
that of the purveyor of heavenly real
estate for coin of thc reulm. There are
scores and hundreds of other humbugs
and impossible conceptions that nro
worked to n fare-you-well upon tho hu-
mun tribe of suckers that encumber the
earth. But when they ure nil sorted
ovor und sized up; when they are all
carefully scrutinized and compared us
to points of excolljnco for tho purpose
of befooling gudgeons into peacefully
and oven joyfully surrendering, not
onl}' their material possessions, but
thoir very lives into the hands of
rogues, robbers nnd constitutional villains, the financial houx must bo accorded the honor of being the most complete, efficient and eminently pleasing
swindle over practiced upon human
gowks.
* * *
Tho banking power of the United
States, represented by capital, surplus
profits, circulation, and deposits of national and other reporting banks nnd
trust companies, including also tin-
paid-in capital nnd deposits of thc
twelve federal reserve banks, is officially reported to bo approximately 37!!>
billion dollars. It has increased by
some 14 billion dollars since thc commencement of tho presont ndministru-
tion. The banking power of tho world
in 1S0O wns estimated by Mulhall to be
15 billion dollars. ^The even billions are
used herein, in order to save spaco, nnd
besides this, what nre a few millions or
hundreds of millions to us in the con
siderntion nf Iheso simple matters of
flnnnce? It mny be seen from the fore
going figures that the banking power
of the United States is now nbout 2V_
times the banking power of the entire
world of robbery and rapine 28 short
years ago. And this tremendous in
crease in banking power should be a
mntter of intense pride to every skinny,
skimped and rngged-sented slnvo in nil
the land, whose seeond-hnnd-appenrlng
enrcase has been squeezed dry in tho
production of the gallant nrrny of figures under consideration. It should
cause every simple but brave galoot in
tho bunch to fly joyfully to arms In
defense of his country's banking power,
nt the first moment that danger threatened. For snd indoed would be the
case of that flat-chested, knock-kneed,
wind-broken and bandy-legged wnge
gnloot, if his donr country's bunking
power should go up in u figurative
smoke.
* *      *
And now ns to this hoax. There is
nothing bohind those figures of bunking power except tho working class and
wind. The working clnss produces all
the wenlth that is produced. It creates
all thc exchango value, all that is rated,
and sold, and purchased, and swapped,
nnd truded and peddled in the market
of thc world. It produces all this for
nothing. There are two reasons for
this. One is that iho modern working
class is an enslaved class—a wage slave
class—just as tho ancient working class
was a clnss of chuttel slaves and later
feudal serfs. Being slaves, they nre
not entitled to payment for nnything
they do. If they were so paid, they
would nol be slnves. The other renson
why Ihey are pnid nothing for whnt
they do lies in the fact lhat there is
nothing in Ihe heavens or tho earth, or
the walers under the earth, wherewith
pnymont eould be made, oven if tho
mnsters were ho minded. As Ihe workers nf the United Stntes or uny olher
land produce nil the value in exchange
that mnkes ils appearance in Ihe market, it mny readily be seen without
further argument why payment is im-
-f;p*wiblo. As producers of all the wealth
■fhift is or can be measured iti terms of
•exchange, lho workers constitute nil
'there is or cnn be tn proporty. There
:is none other that cnn bring to ils
tovjitv-or owners something for nothing,
'i, e,, profit. Therefore there is nothing
else thut can be really rnted as property in tin- marts of the world. The
deeds, titles, mortgnges, stocks, bonds,
debentures und eurreney of the world
are nothing but tlio paper evidences of
ownership of the slaves of modem times,
by tho master clnss—thc capitalist
class of these most glorious days.
Whenever a slave happens to have any
of this paper stuff in his possession, it
only moans he has nn order upon the
ruling class wurohonsc for its equivn
lent in fodder, etc., und which his ne
cessities will compel him to offer sooner
or Inter for redemption. It is something like giving a well-trained dog n
dimo with which to go to the meat
market and buy a bone for himself.
And, ns in tho case of the dog, the
wngo nnimnl only gels it in case of
faithful service.
• »        *
Out of this continual process of pro
duetion carried on by slaves, nil of
■which is taken from them for nothing,
and out of which there is thrown to
them us a sort of charity, just enough
"bones and scraps to keep them tnme
and in working condition, thero accumulates u vnst nrray of figuroB to dazzle
the imagination of shallow pntcB with
the hallucination that theso figures ore
wealth. As a mattor of fuct, thoy nro
quite the contrary.   Thoy are tho ma
thematical expression of what wus once
wealth or vnlue, but which is now not
iu existence, and never enn be again.
The wealth or exchange value created
lias been consumed from duy to day,
and year to year, as it has been brought
forth, and fhe figures—the capitalization; the banking power—represents
the magnitude of the plunder taken
from the slaves, over and above the
uniouat the masters were themselves
able to get inside of themselves, and
upon their parasitic backs. In other
words, the figures represent the surplus
value accruing to tho masters after all
expenses have been paid, and which
thoy have been compelled to sell on credit for the very same renson thai they
could not have paid their slaves for
what they did in the first place, even
had they been so minded, i. e., because
thoro is nothing, never was anything,
and can never be anything with which
to make such payment. All of this
banking power and similar bunk is pure
flimflam and wind. AH capitalization,
investment, currency, etc., is nn order
on thc future and which the future can
not meet for the renson already given
why nothing can be pnid fnr oither now
or at any other time. If Ihe reader
will take the trouble to carefully study
the processes of exchange he will have
little difficulty in discovering that all
alleged sales nre mado upon credit nnd
snch protended payment as is made is
dono so only by the substitution of one
credit for another. Things can not be
sold and. paid for. It is u mnthoniuti
eai impossibility. Labor produces nl
wealth that, cnn be rated as such in the
murket. It is taken from the enslaved
workers, who aro forced by Iheir necessities to produce it. It goes into the
market as stolen goods and stolen goods
can not be paid for by being exchanged for other stolen goods or for previously issued promises to pay for previously stolen goods. So there you are.
For a hnax, a swindle, a transparent
fraud, the financial hoax has all others
left nt the post.
ONE OF THE German papers has
referred to Trotzky as being thc
"Sphinx who has propounded  a
new riddle to the world."   It rather
looks us though there  might be some
truth   in   the   stute-
THE NEW ment.   While the rid-
BIDDLE OF die has been  centu-
THE SPHINX, ries in preparation, it
has remained for thc
Bolsheviki to force the consideration of
its solution directly upon the ruling
class of the world at the prosent opportune timo. The riddle is that of the
slavo and his continued slavery. It is
up to the ruling class of the world to
solve the question of how to so dea!
with the slave as to make it possible to
perpetuate his slavery. For bo it known
to all men the slave is not toduy quite
the dull and docilo bruto thut he once
was. He has been slowly but no less
surely learning his lesson in the school
of bitter experience, and has thus gradually awakened to a consciousness of
the degrading position he occupies in
human society, and is developing a
stubborn determination to break the
chains that have for so long bound him
to Ihe chariot wheel of his brutal and
tyrannical rulers. And if his rulers fail
to solve fhe riddle of how to so pacify
this slave as to be able to perpetuate
tlieir infamous reign over him, nnd thus
continue to revel in the wealth thut his
labor brings forth, tbe snme penalty
will be meted out to that ruling clnss
flint overtook tho Thebnn who failed to
solve the riddle propounded by the
fabled Sphinx of Grecian mythology.
FBIDAY March 1, 1918
THE SPLENDIDLY patriotic ex-
amplo set by the banks of Canada
in tho enrly days of the war, by
urging their employees to go forlh and
do dnring deeds for king nnd country,
with the nssurunco
PATRIOTISM thnt their jobs in the
AS A BANK banks would be at
ASSET. their disposal in the
event of return from
such service, received wide nnd favorable approval. In fact the course thus
patriotically taken by tho flnnncial
magnates and institutions wns widely
recommended to be followed by other
employers of labor, as being a moans
of stimulating recruiting nnd thereby
immensely aiding the country to obtain
defenders in its hour of need. Encomiums of praise were heaped upon tbe
bank managers for their paternal
thoughtfulnoss in thus removing from
their emuployees the harrowing spectre
of doubt as to their material wolfare,
should they be fortunate enough to return from their loyal service to king
and country. And mnnv nf the bank
employees went cheerfully forth, firm
"n the faith that the promise that their
jobs would, upon their return, be again
t their disposal, would be kept. Mnny
of those who thus went ncross the wnter
will nevor return. Their names are inscribed upon rolls nf honor tbnt now
decorate lho bank walls. Some have returned, and it is booed that mnny
ntliont will eventually do .so. But herein lie1: another tnle.
All fhe world wns horrified at the net
of tho wicked Huns in violating the
nnutrnlitv of Belgium. Tho making of
the neutrality pledge a mere scrnp of
paper to be ruthlessly and impudently
repudiated once a profitable occasion
arose, hns been justly nnd widely condemned as a most glaring and execrable
exhibition of conrso and vulgnr brutality, and nn entire nbssneo of nil senso
nf honor nnd moral obligation. Still it
hns been long known thnt the word of
rulers and their governments wore never
worth the paper they were written upon
and that nil agreements mnde by them
were but scraps of pnper to be scornfully cast nside when the moment enme.
Rut when it comes down to banks, one
would senrco expect their promises to
be nf equally little value, more especially when they dealt with matters of such
profound importance to the employees
tn whom those promises were given, ns
thnt of life and limb nnd the after con-
cquenees should they be so fortunate
as to be able to return to their previous
employments. But it is becoming painfully evident thnt the Germans nro not
nltnctether in a class by themselves in
the "scrap of paper'' businoss. At
lensf sufficient informntion has reached
us tn warrant a few queries being put
to the undoubted patriots who run the
banks of this proud Dominion.
* * *
Were the promises made to the bnnk
mployees Hint their jobs would be held
open for them upon Iheir return, in ense
they enlisted, made in good faith, and
with fhe Intention flint those promises
would bo kept to the letter? liavo
thoso promises been kept fo those who
have so far returned and are capable
of taking up their previous employments? Is it a fnct thnt tho plnces of
at loast mnny of Ihe employees who enlisted have been filled with female
ks, and that Ihcse jobs are still held
them in eases where the previous
e employeos hnve returned from the
war, arc capable of again assuming
their employments and are anxious fo
io so? Are theso female elnployees now
tilling plnces at $60 per month. Ihaf
were formerly held by those who enlist-
1 uniler the promise already referred
to, and who nt the time of their enlist
ment were getting $90 per month. Is
it now the declared policy of these pronoun banks to supplant -SOO por month
male clerks with $50 per month females? If so, are we to infer that the
fmnks have deliberately repudiated fhe
promise mnde fo their male employees
order to induce them to enlist? Is
the pntriotis'm of the banks nnd bankers purely a dollar patriotism, nnd their
motive in breaking their solemn promise
■provided thnt they have so broken if
—the purely patriotic one of the ilifi'er-
ence between $00 and $50? Is a pntriotic promise, solemnly made, a thing to
be broken ut the first opportunity to
mnke a dirty dime or so, oi, perchance,
$40, by thc breaking of it? Ts a false-
hood littered in the name of patriotism,
aud by bankers, too, any the less a lie
for all of that? Is the assurance given
by a loyal nnd patriotic money slmrk
of equal vnlue fo that given by the German governmont? Was Dr. Johnson
wrong when he snid, thnt. "patriotism
is Ihe last refuge of a scoundrel?"1
Would it be more proper to say, thnt
"a banker's patriotism is merely a
matter of dollars and cents, and in
specific cases, nn oven $40?" At aay
rate patriotism is a most interesting
study, nnd much valuable data and evi
do(100 bearing upon the subject, is ne
cunulnting itself during these gloriously patriotic days.
The proletariat of today differs in no
essential particular from its worthy and
historic ancestors thc chuttel slaves and
feudal serfs of former days. The proletarians (the slnves) of those most glorious days,'thoy who by their toil and
sweat bring forth that rich stream of
wealth that measures the magnificence
of thoir masters, constitute the very
basis of the pomp, the power, the tyranny, the brutality nnd the vulgarity
of the precious rulers of all lands.
These slnves are property. They arc
the property of tho ruling class. There
is no other property, in the sense that
property is u something thut will bring
to its owner u revenue. It is the sluve
alone that cnn do thnt. All revenue
hiust be, it cnn only be, expressed in
the products of labor. There is nothing
outside of that capable of such expression. Hence there cnn be no other property capable of returning an income
to its owner, except thnt proporty which
is measured by the body of human brings, held in the chains of exploitation,
which is but another way of saying a
human boing hold in slavery. And this
human property, this slnvo in bondage,
's thc cornerstone of our glorious christian civilization, which is now so zealously spreading tho supreme gospol of
its divine dispensation throughout the
earth.
# * *
And the only solution of tho riddle
that the wise rulors of nations are
apablc of offering is tho policeman's
lub, the sword, the dungeon and thc
gallows. And there is no other argument wherewith to buttress and sustain
slavery und tho rotten superstructure of
civilization that is based upon it. Slav-
cry being in itself a crime, and in very
fact the prolific parent, of all other
crimes in the calendar, it logically follows that the civilization built upon il
must likewise be criminal and can only
be sustained upon its criminal foundation by resort to equally criminal
means. Every uct of class rule is an
act of criminal brutality; evory edict a
blow struck at human liborty; ovory
official uftcrnnee rank hypocrisy, and
every profession of moral justification
rests solely upon the' club, the knout.
the gaol and the gallows; its snuctificn-
tion rests upon the sky pilot and the
sanctimonious makers of long prnyers
and short wnges; its legalization rests
upon pothouse politicians, judicial nincompoops, shyster lawyers and press
censors; its intellectual vacuity rests
upon statesmen, diplomats, the bootlickers, tho scribes and the Pharisees of
the prostitute press, and In strict accord with the eternal fitness of things
it inscribes upon its totem poles as emblematic of its sole characteristic and
virtuo, wildcats, bears, dragons, eagles
nnd othor beasts and birds of prey.
And it is upon thnt sort of talent thut
rests the responsibility of solving the
riddlo, the "new riddle of the
Sphinx," that tho Bolsheviki hns rudely thrust in tho face of the wise nnd
beneficent rulers of this hnrmonious and
well ordered world. Tho penalty of
failure to solve the riddle will be to be
carried off and devoured by the Bolsheviki Sphinx, for that was the fate of
the Thebnn guilty of similar failure, according to Grecian mythology. Ia the
present cuse, however, it will not be
inythnhigicnlly done.
were written. In fact, no ruling class
agreements were ever worth tho bother
of making them. Thc clearest demonstration of this may be found in tho
way that Germany repudiated the hoax
by iuvuding Belgium. Thut fumous
"scrap of puper" incident need not necessarily be forgotten. It will probably not be forgotten by the Bolsheviki.
In fact nothing that the ruling and robbing class and its military and police
ruffians do should over bo forgotten by
the working class of Russia .or any
other land. No agreements that could
possibly arise betwoen masters and
slaveB, rulers and robbed, ever wero
respected by either sido to the controversy once an opportunity occurred to
profitably and safoly repudiate them.
And no such agreements should bo kopt.
Neither master or Blave is under uny
moral obligation to keep them. It is
impossible and unthinkable that they
should be kept.
* * *
Wo nro by no means certain that
Russia is going to pieces or that the
Bolsheviki udministrution is getting tho
worst of it at the hands of the murder-
mad kaiser and his military rufiinns.
It is clear thnt Trotzky wus not flim-
flammed by the German diplomats at
thc Brest-Litovsk conference. He did
not recede from his originnl ponce proposals oven under all the pressure thut
nn arrogant und brutal military power
could bring to bear upon the situation.
And evon though his administration is
eventually compelled by shoer overwhelming forco to sign an ignoble and
humiliating peace, let it not bo forgotten that the Nazarene's doctrine of passive rosistnncc has lost nono of its
power and its practice has not yet been
forgotten. It is one thing to force the
representatives of countless millions of
people to sign a pence document, but it
is quito nnother mattor to compel those
millions to observe the terms thus imposed unless they bc so minded. Is it
beyond belief that the astute lenders
of the Bolsheviki may be wide awake
to the possibilities lyiag bohind a policy
of passive resistance to Gerlnau encroachments? Can any government gain
in prestige with its own following by
persistently pursuing a policy of aggressive warfare against those who will
not fight? Can tho ulreudy weukening
morale of the German working people—
they who aro boing so ruthlessly sacrificed upon the altar of the bloody ambitions of their brutal rulers — bo
strengthened by such a course? It is a
safe bet thnt it cannot, nnd that if the
military ruffians of Germany continue
tn follow such a policy they will thereby hasten their undoing. Furthermore,
the farther that Gorman military cutthroats encroach upon Russinn territory,
the farther do they extend and stretch
their own lines, and when this is done
without a compensating advantage in
the way of plunder—nnd that must be
of such a character as to be usable for
war—sueh extension is but an enlarge-
unent of their own weakness. It will be
next to impossible for the Teutonic invader to gather any appreciable quantity of supplies from an unwilling country, and onc thot must have nlrondy
been lnrgely stripped of such supplies.
Wo can not help but fell thnt the
chances are more than even thnt our
scientific and all-comprehending Teutonic supermen ore biting off a Russinn
mouthful that will prove to be most
difficult to digest. And besides thnt,
nothing is'or can bc settled until it is
settled in tho west, nnd even then nothing will be settled until tho settlement is mnde by the proletariat of the
entire world. So, ns an Irishman might
say, "thore ye nre."
tween these.two. This, too, is as it
should be. And The Federationist welcomes thc fight. It will not bo a sham
one, either.
M'
VC]\ vilification and abuse hns
been lumped upon thc heads of
the Russian Bolsheviki by the
heap wits and penny-a-line shallow
pates of the capitalist press, beeause of
events thnt. hnve
THE TEUTON transpired  recent-
MANIACS AND THElv upon the enst-
BOLSHEVIKI om    front.     The
calling of a hall
to hostilities by the Bolsheviki and Ihe
nstitution of pence discussions between
Russia nnd the centrnl powors invoked
Ihe righteous wrath and stirred fhe
s indignation of nil those noble
souls who can visualize world redemption only in war profits and military
glory. The way Ihey hnve heaped their
abuse upon the Bolsheviki for even
daring to hint nt peace aud demanding
that it be made upon a basis flint
would be absolutely destructive of all
rinlistic ambitions, has been n
sight for the gods and well calculated
to bring u holy joy to the soul of all
true christians. And even yet, when
evidence overwhelmingly convincing to
thi' contrary comes in from ovory quar-
tor, the cheerful and unblushing manner
in whieh Ihcse press worthies nccuse
the Bolsheviki of being German ngents
or bought with German coin for the purpose of betraying our blessed domoern-
lie civilization into the hands of wicked
uutocrncy, affords an exhibition of mendacity that has never been outdone in
all thc history of professional lying.
* * *
To many the situation in Russin is u
mattor of much uneasiness. The fact
of fhe German military-mad adventurers still persisting in invading the country after the govornment thereof hns
called off tho war, and refused to further participate in it, greatly disturbs
them. It sooms to thom un awful thing
for tho Germans to enforce the harsh
terms upon Russia that is now proposed,
whereby that country Is to pay a huge
money indemnity ■ and surrender vast
terirtories to the conqueror. But they
need not be alarmed, No peace concluded at this time need be considered
as dual. And no terms ever imposed
upon either men or nations under duress
were worth tho paper upon which they
Went   Insane  Pour   Days
After  Entering  Manitoba Penitentiary
WINNIPEG, Feb. 27.—David Wells,
the first conscientious objector to be
sent to Stony Mountain penitentiary
from Winnipeg, is dead. Wells becume
a raving lunatic four days after being
taken to the penitentiary on January
24. On February 11 ho was removed
to Selkirk Asylum and died on February 18. He wus buried at Selkirk.
Frionds of Wolls Bay thut whon he wont
to the penitentiary he wus in perfect
condition, both physically and mentally.
Rev. Mr. Sweet, who saw the body before interment, says ho was shocked at
tho condition into wliich Wells had fallen sinco ho last saw him. Thoro were
suspicious .marks on his- body. On admittance to thc institution Wells weighed 210 pounds and was apparently a
healthy man.—Duily Province.
LIVING COST GOES
UP WITH WAGES
Drumheller Miners Demand the Establishment of a Standard
Wage
A protest hus been entered by thc
Drumheller local union to tho District 18, U. M. W. of A. convention
against the findings of tho high cost
of living commission. Thc point made
by the men is that just as soon us the
wnges were advanced, tho cost of living essentials went up nt the same
time. At presont tho companies are
supplying tools, lights, etc., at tho expense of the men who are also obliged
to pay smithing charges and the charges
for the re-sharpening of tools.
It wus furthor askod that tho director of eoal operations be naked to opon
negotiations for thc establishment of a
stnndnrd wago on u $0 per day basis
for underground employees and $5 n
day for outside workers. It wus, however, considered by tho convention that
this was not an opportune time to bring
theso matters forward.
A statoment has been issued by W.
H. Armstrong, director of conl operations, to the effect that tho Rosedalo
mine has been placed by the government under his jurisdiction and that
the men will be subject to the same
conditions and rate of pay ns obtain
tn the other mines in tho Drumheller
district.
"We are opposed to the 'singlo' tnx
imposed upon labor at the point of pro*
duetion. It is fhe only tnx wo aro interested in und we're out for its gont.
If is the only renl fax in existence. All
other tnxes claiming to be such are
fake.''
A Russinn Bolsheviki toid Ernest
Poole, thc nuthor who visited Petrograd, that when tho social-rovolutionury
nspect of tho war becomes plainly visible, the capitalists mny bo the "poace-
at-any-pricc pacifists," and the revolutionary workers tho "bitter enders."
Another year or two may produco thc
psychological effect,
To live us comfortably now as in
1014, working peoplo are obliged to
spend for bare necessities alone, 88]^
per cent, more thnn was needed before
the war, nccording to statistics by investigators for the federal department
of Lnhor. These figures were explained
by John M. Foster, of tho department
(tf Labor, nt n hearing of the wage commission of the federnl shipping board,
which is attempting to establish n standard wage scale for shipyard employeos,
TORONTO, Fob. 27,—CritlcizhiR the Militnry Service Act, Mnvnr Church snid Indnv:
"Tin   Militnry   Sorvico   Act   will   cost   Uie
onntry millions of dollar;, nnil is getting
liltle result. Tf the government hnd expend-
id   nnc-diinrter   of   the   monry   on   vnliwtiiry
'OOruttlng they would hnvo not more men,"
Mnyor Church snys* Hint tlio governmont will
lie tmlcod lo pny renl for civio tmildinK" fro111
Mnrch   1.—Dally pross dispatch.
And had there been nny serious move
made by the government to plnco the
wealth of the nntion at the disposal
of tho state, along wilh man-power,
"ere never would hnve been nny need
for any special appeal for recruits.
The war magnates of Canndn prefer the
rule of glioma seeking whnt profits can
be mnde from the blood and ngony ef
the working people.
Counselling submission to the Huns,
Lenine declares, "Thn proletariat of
the whole world will enme to our aid."
The proletariat of the whole world is
too busy saving itself to hnvo any time
to nid a traitor to its cause.—Vancouver
World.
We knew thnt the prnletnrint of the
whole world is very busy working out
its own salvation, but we confess that
we did nol know that it wus so busy
flint its mombors would no longer contribute to the support of the daily
press of capitalism, including thc esteemed World, Slill we nro pleased tn
lenrn that "aid" to trnitors to its
causo is to be cut out. But just why
the World should manifest such apparent approval of it may be classed as
among the unfinished mysteries. It
will mean a loss of circulation.
It begins to look as though both
Liberal and Conservative pnrty manipulators hnd decided npon ubnndonlng
thoir respective affiliations. Thoy recognize thnt the days of their usefulness to gull the electors is pnst. Out
of tho wreck thoy jointly propose to organize a now party, or rather they will
seek to perpetunte the hurriedly-framed
Unionist pnrty used jointly at tho last
federal election. Already branches are
being brought into being throughout
British Columbin, This is as it should
bo. There never wns any difference between them, and they belong in one
bnskot. . Its antagonist hereafter, bo
fnr us British Columbia is concerned,
will be the new Federated Labor Pnrty.
The contest of the future will bo bo-
H. W. WATTS RETURNS TO
GOOD OLD VANCOUVER
Glad to Bo Back Amongst Old Friends
and Will Soon Get Into
Harness Again
Henry W. Walls, formerly connected
with the Socialist Party of Canada, and
of The Western Clarion, has arrived in
tho city from Everett, Wash., where he
has resided since leaving Vancouver iu
1024.
His arrival here is of a somewhat
forced nature, as the United Slates au
thorities found him to be nn "undesirable alien," because of his activities on
behalf of Labor, lb* edited the North
west Worker of Everett, Wash., until
recently, when the Commercial Club of
that city started the machinery of
"justice" working to get rid of him,
Tho actions of this club was Ihe talk
of the United States for mnny months
during 1016 and 1917, on account of its
brutal ussaults upon workers who dured
to ask for a little moro hay and oats.
The Everett Commercial Club is no
more; it killed itself besides putting
the city entirely on tho "bum," but
the workors who received the blows
from loaded clubs and high-powered
rifles are still on the job stirring up the
sleeping bruins of those who perform
the useful work in society.
Brother Watts is a member of the
Eloctrical Workers, and was an active
participant in tho Lnbor movement of
Everett and respected by all.
■BILL" FOXCROFT MAINTAINS
INTEREST IN LABOR TEMPLE
Ex-President  of Central  Labor  Body  Still
Keeping    Cases    on    Vancouvor
Labor Activities
Writing from Nnurn Islnnd, "somen-liere
in the South PneHlr," "Hill" Foxcroft, n
member of tho Carpenters' union who hns
beon In Austrnlin nnd tbe Innd of Ur
Southern Cross since tlir beginning of the
wnr, siiyn in n letter to bin sister, Miss
Foxcroft, Lnbor Templo exchange operator,
in pnrt: "... I Ihinl; this would lie n
Hood time to try nnd char the Labor Temple.
Ask "Mnc" (MeVety) if it Ik not possible
to strike a levy nn oaoll unionist of $1 per
month for nix months. The unions nre flour-
ishinc, nnd the membership growing nnd tlie
building could he rlenrcti. Of course, be
may consider my MiKjjPsti.m ridiculous, hut
I am convlnod tlmt a strenuous effort should
be made to make the financinl grade rijrht
now. I would come hack to B, C. now but
ilo not think thnt I eould get my pftssiiorl
altered so 1 will have to stay right lieie
for another eight  months,"
UNI" snys that he is In good h-nllli and
wisbes tO be remembered to old friend), in
B. C.
BREWSTER SINKING
CALGARY, March 1—The last bulletin issued at an eurly hour this morning by Premier Brewster's medical attendants stated that Mr. Brewster's
condition was similnr tn what it hnd
been at 3 o'clock on Thursday afternoon. At that timo the premier was
a critical state and unless there is
a turn for tho better within a short
timo, it is believed that the etui is
only a mutter of a fow heirs.
SHIPYARD  STRIKE   DEFERRED
(Continued from Page One.)
cumstnncos would he agree, on tho
ground thut there was nothing to nrbi-
trnte.
In face of (his the inen huve been
accused of disloyally nnd u diselinn-
tion fo submit their demnnds to such
u tribunal. The very fact lhat the
mon were willing to HMen to uny nrgu-
ments that might be udvunced, in
favor of arbitration, wns indicated to
the fullest extent on Wednesday night
when Mr. Justice Miirphy nttended the
mass-meeting in the Labor Temple and
addressed thom.
The object of that addroBs wus to
endeavor to induce thc mon to defer
taking drnstic action until n commission of which ho would be the chair-
mun hnd mot and had made a thorough
investigation into their claims, It is
o, libol on tho men to assert thnt they
wish to intorfore with tho progress nf
ship construction,   As was pointed out
Recognized Merit
Today Birks' Diamonds are regarded as the vory finest
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When considering the purchase of a diamond, call and let
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Geo. E. Trorey, Man. Dlr.
OranviUe St,
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, March 3.—Moving
Picture Operators, Bartondors,
Saw Filers' Association.
MONDAY, March 4.—Machinists
No. 720, Boiler Makers, Steam
Engineers, Electrical Workers,
Tailors.
TUESDAY, March 5.—Bailway
Firemen, Shoe Workers, Cigar
Makers, Butchers and Meat
Cutters.
WEDNESDAY, March 0.—Pross
Feeders, Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Tile Layers, l'luslerors,
Motal Trades Council, Brewery
Workers, Mill and Factory
Workers.
THURSDAY, March 7.—Trades
and Lnbor Council, Garment
Workors.
FRIDAY, March 8.—Warehousemen, Pile Drivers and Wooden
Bridgebuildcr's, Plumbers, Gas
Workors, Shipyard Laborers,
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses;
Mill and Factory Workors.
at Wednesday night's meeting, thoy
have nothing to fear from such nn inquiry nt which overy phase of the situation will be rigidly probod.
Tho throe men whoso names were
suggested by tho minister of labor to
constitute that tribunal are Judge Murphy, Mr. Gordon J. Kelly, president of
Vancouver Trados and Labor Council,
and Mr. J. Tomkin of Victoria.
At that meeting, D. McCallum, president of tho B. C. Federation of Labor,
and A, Watchman, general organizer
of the Carpenters' and Shipwrights'
union, wero nppointed to go to Vic-
toriu with Mr. Justice Murphy to discuss the question with tho Victorin
ship-workers und to ascertain whether
they would concur in the decision nrrived nt in Vancouver. Thnt delegation left for the capital yesterday morning, and the meeting lust night was
the rosult.
There bus been an unfortunate aspect of the whole affair from a capitalist point of view. Tho suggestion
was mado in a statement over tho
name of B. W. Greer, president of Vun-
couvcr bourd of trnde. thut if thero
wero a secret ballot, the workers iu
this city and in Victoria would agree
to continue work on the old lerms. In
other words, thnt this was only a game
of bluff they wore playing and that
Mr. Butchart would call it. No better
method eould have been adopted by
Mr. Greer or anyone else to fun thc
llames of discontent than to hint thnt
the workers are not heart and soul in
this movement. If thnt statement has
hnti any result, it can only bo that the
men aro determined to see this thing
through, no, mntter whut tho cost.
One thing should be mnde clear and
that is thut tho men have not agreed
to accept the findings of that bonrd
of arbitration. Their nelion in agreeing to the bonrd by no menns is tantamount to a recognition of the commission ns a tribunal that hns the flnnl
settlement of the dispute in its hands.
The iinal decision will rest with the
men after thnt bonrd has sat und submitted its findings. But the sessions
of that bourd will have this effcet,
that they will place before the public
in their proper light, matters affecting
the shipyard workers that the public
so far, have not been cognizant of.
The daily press hus not come out of
fhe affairs with laurels on their brows.
Even the employers themselves admit
that ihey huve received no nssistnnce
from that section of tho press of B. C.
in trying to bring the dispute to n
sntisfuctory termination. From every
point of viow the duily pnpers have
bungled und mnde hush of the business
and they can lay thnt flattering unction
to their soul.
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Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
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Clothing
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at  both  stores
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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
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A Suit that carries the B. C. label is a suit
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VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND
Federation^ Representative:  A. McVarleh, Labor Temple, Vlotoria, B. 0,
Effort! an being made to estabiiih a
Victoria and VanravK Iiland section of Tbe
Federationlit. wltb Bir. HcVarlib u repre-
sentatlre in tba Oapital Oity. Tba trade
unioniiti of Victoria an enthusiastic o?«r
tbii mon on tba part of their official paper
to cater to tba Ialand movement.
Daily Press as Usual Yaps
Lustily on Behalf of
Employers
Demands of Workmen Are
in Line With Agreement
Already Made
VICTORIA, Fob. 28.—For the paBt
weok, in Vietoria and its environs,
there hns been but one topic of interest
within Labor circles, namely, the outcome of negotiations pending between
omployers and employees in the shipbuilding industry.
In view of tho stand takon by both
of tho daily papers in this city, too
much publicity can not be given to tho
workers' sido of tho controversy. For
the press, running truo to form, as is
usual with such subsidized organs of its
class, has, without equivocation, arrayed itsolf on tho sido of tho employers,
apparently without the loast attempt at
an honest investigation into the merits
of the dispute now pending. Instead, it
has mado an appeal to the man on the
street, to bo tho arbiter of a matter
with which tho latter is not cognizant
whatpver, and has relied on the now
time-worn slogan "paytriotism" to
morally coerce the workers into abject
obodience to their capitalist masters.
Tho present dispute is not one of recont outgrowth, but dates back into the
days of laBt fall, to tho time when the
entire Pacific coast was threatened with
a tie-up in. its principal industry—shipbuilding. At that time the workers in
the shipbuilding yards on the Pacific
coast of the United States were dissatisfied with the wages being paid to
thom for tho work being dono; and it
was due solely to the efforts of the administration at Washington, D. 0., that
:i goneral striko in all plants was
averted.
Coincident with tho demands made
by the workers of tho United States for
improved working conditions, the workers of tho Britiah Columbin yards also
formulated a new schedule of wagos,
awards and working conditions, and
these wero presented to tho Imperinl
Munitions Board for adjustment nnd
approvnl. This now schedule was agreed
to by tho Munitions board nt that tihio,
it boing stipulated that all awards and
Increases would he made on tho samo
bnsis as those mndo on tho American
side. By this und ors tan di ng all possi
bility of a striko in either local yards
ur on tlio mainland wns averted.
But during thc ensuing months and
.subsequent to Ihe settlement outlined
above, the Amoricnii yxrds saw fit to incrcaso the wagos of their employees nn
additionnl 10 per cent. According to
tho terms of tho agreement therefore,
in force between Cnnndinn shipbuilders
nnd thoir employees, a liko Increase
should hnve been grantod tlio latter.
For it is clearly and specifically stated
in a memorandum date Nov. 17 in tho
agreemont, that "If organized lnbor on
the American sido succeeds in their respective endeavors to got higher awards
from the fedoral board for various
branches, such as blacksmiths, shipyard
helpera, etc., we will make corresponding increases in our rateB and make
supplementary roll dating back to Nov.
15th."
The emphasis in tho abovo quotation,
tnken from tho memorandum in question, ia your correspondent's, and is
shown thus to drnw attention to what
constitutes the crux of tho present controversy. It is specificnlly stated, as
will bo scon, that "we," tho Canadian
shipbuilders,, "will make corresponding
increase in our rates, etc.," i. e., corresponding to increases nnd awnrds
made in Americnn yards.
It is not quite clear, therefore, to the
unbinsed onlooker, how the Canadian
employers—or the Munitions Board—
can in the present crisis recede with
grace from their position tnken over
three months ngo. Truo, thoy may decry the "unpatriotic" stnnd assumed
by the workers in British Columbia
yards, but as patriotism is not a commodity, however, of which they alone
liavo a monopoly, we fonr their lamentations will fall on deaf ears.
Correspondence now on file in the exocutive offices of the various unions involved in the present dispute, covering
tlie entire controversy from the lime
of its outgrowth to the presont. is on
file in tho J-nbor Temple, so that ho
who wishes, as an unprejudiced onlooker to judge tho discission purely on its
merits, may do so and draw his own
conclusions, nnd more than that thc
workers do not ask.
MASS MEETINGS NEXT
SUNDAY AT NANAIMO-
SOUTH WELLINGTON
Hawthornthwaite and Pettipiece Will
Speak Under Auspies of the
Federated Lahor Party
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, M. L. A., and
B. P. Pettipiece will address a tnass
meeting at South Wellington on Sunday
afternoon, March 3, under the auspices
of the Federated Labor Party.
On Sunday evening tho same speakers
will address a similar meeting under tha
same auspices at1 Nanaimo.
Both branches of the F. L. P. are
making arrangements for bumper meetings, and it iB expected that many new
members will be enrolled at both meetings.
LABOR ACTIVITY IN
I CAPITAL
Resulted Exactly as Framed
OTTAWA, Feb. 27.—An official analyels
of tho military and naval voto enst at the
general elections in Canada and tho United
States shows that 88.18 per cont. of tho
vote was for the Union government. This
is approximately 4 per cent, less than the
government received of the vote cast in
Prance.—Daily  proBs  dispatch.
Mr. Union Man, tho union labol,
Btamp and shop card are mute appeals
to you to  do what?    YOUR DUTY!
Elimination of profiteering, the eight-
hour day, lesB inconsistency between
"our democratic purposes in this war
abroad and the conduct of some of
those guilding industry at home, and
tho recognition of some form of collective relationship between capital and
labor as a principle in a national labor
policy, are the principal recommendations of Preaident Wilson's mediation
commission which hns juat finished a
survey of the labor unrest weat of the
Missippi river, which the government
considered most menacing to the successful prosecution of the war.
The Federated Labor Party
Is  Getting  Things
Into Shape
Change in Secretaryship of
Trades and Labor
Council
VICTORIA, Feb. 28.—Seen by the
representative of The Federationist,
A. S. Wells, secretary-treasurer of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, stated that
the returns on the referendum vote being taken on the question of raising the
por capita tax of tho Fedoration, in
order that all affiliated members may
bo supplied with a copy of The Federationist each week, are now coming in,
and would lead to the conclusion thnt
the roforondum will be carried by an
overwhelming vote.
Referring to the work of the executive, he stated that the executive was
giving a good deal of attention to tho
question of the organization of tho unorganized workers in tho provinco.
It is expected that the committee appointed by tho executive to meot the
government will present their requests
about March 12,
The executivo of the B. C. F. of L.
will assist tho Minimum Wage leaguo
when it meets the government, and will
be represented by two or more members of the flrBt-named body. Victoria
Trades and Labor council has appointed
two dolegates to aasist the League at
their interview with the government on
March 6.
, Federated Lab.or Party
The vice-president of the Federated
Labor Party for Vietoria is getting
things into shape for the organization
of the local branch of the party. Many
memberB of organize? labor, and others,
not members of organized labor, have
already enrolled in the party.
A public meeting will be held during
the first week in Maroh, at which J. H.
Hawthornthwaite is expected to speak.
Central Lahor Body Changes
A. S, Wells, secretary of the Victoria
Trades and Labor councU, has resigned
from that position, in order to devote
all possible time to the work of the B.
0. Federation of Labor. Ee will be
succeeded, on March 1, to this offloe,
by J. H. Heacock. Mr. Heacoek is a
member of the Steam Engineers, and
was for some time a resident of Ans*
tralia.
Organizer Watchman a Visitor
Organizer Watchman of ths United
Brotherhood of Carpenters, wbb in Victoria this week, and left for Vancouver
on Wednesday.   Bro. Watchman is always welcome in Victoria, and the members of the Carpenters regret that they
have to share htm with other parts.
A   letter   in   the   Times,   Victoria,
eads with the B. C. Federation of
Labor to remember, etc, ad nausoum,
re the threatened striko in the shipbuilding industry.   The writer evidently doea not undentand the functions of
the Federation.
CANNOT BE FORCED TO
PAT TO THE 0. P. FUND
Signature to Agreement Is Necessary
Before Employee's Wages
Can Be Touched
There is some misconception umong
workors ns to thoir contributions to tho
Canadian Patriotic Fund. The idea ib
prevalent that an employer can arbitrarily deduct a certain percentage of a
man's wage and hand it over to the
fund. ThiB is an entirely erroneous
idea, and ono that requires removing ns
quickly as possiblo. One of the omployoes of the Oranby Mining company
writes to The Federationist to know if
his wagos can be reduced in order to
meet a payment to the fund. The answer is that unless he has signed an
agreement with his employers to pay a
certain amount either monthly or weekly, tho employer cannot make any deductions. Furthermore, it is optional
with the men whether they contribute
or not. No employer can force a man
to do bo, although ia some instances,
there has been mild coercion uaed.
LEGALIZED POISONING
[By A. McKay Jordan]
The parents who are aiked to allow their
children to be vaccinated, or rather, who ar*
threatened with vaccination of their children
without thalr consent, should undentand aom
of the blessings which are liable to taenia
from the performance.
If the doctors suggested that our ehlldrea.
ahould have'pus, taken from diaeaied anl*
mats' sores, mixed with their breakfast food,
we ahould probably object very strongly:
yet they are in fact urging that we ahould
allow them to introduce this same pua, dl-
retlr Into the blood of the scholars ln our
publie aehoola.
Dr. B. A. Caldwell of America speska of
■mallpox vaccine aa "bovine syphllfa."
Do you really auppose that auy good ean
bo derived from the process of infecting
human beings with syphilitic matter which
has been "modified" or "attenuated," by
being passed through the bodies of cows,
calves or monkeys! Tet this la what the
doctors assure ua ia a safeguard againat
smallpox.
The worka of Dr. Lyderham of London,
sometimes called tbe "father of Engliah
medicine," show that two hundred yeara
ago, smallpox waa thought of as a very mild
form of disease, and one easily remedied,
but the medical profession, with ita Innocu-
lation and vaccination, aet out to cultivate
the disease, much as Luther Burbank haa
cultivated and Improved certain wild planta,
and tho result was tbat smallpox became one
of the most frightfully ravaging of all human
Ills.
To quote Dr. Caldwell again: "Innocula-
tlon and vaccination are responsible for
smallpox. Improved sanitation ia to be
praised for having overcome the work of
the Ignorant doctors."
Smallpox is not prevented by vaccination
as has boon proved to the satisfaction of the
authorities In England, where vaccination is
no longer compulsory, where Bome 50 per
cent, of the population is unvaccinated, and
where, notwithstanding this fact, smallpox
has steadily decreased since compulsion oaa
been abandoned.
Even when they are not very decided in
favor of the operation, the doctors strenuoua-
ly deny that any harm can result from vaccination, Listen to this, taken from an
/morican paper:
'A little boy was tnken to St. Joseph's
hospi! il, South Omaha, on Nov. 3 lust, suffering with '. ■*; '.i.iriK of paralysis and pneumonia, as well bb a Bore arm, the result of
vacinnation. Ton daya aftor he was admitted, an eruption broke out upon his body.*
The authorities said he was suffering from
smallpox, and he was rushed to his home.
A health officer called on the family next
day, and wben be learned that the child
had already beon vacclnatod, he got out of
an awkward situation by certifying the case
to be one of chicken pox."
The manufacturers of vaccines believe in
the stuff to sueh an extent that they print
the following notice upon tbe packages:
"Note: In the manufacture of our biological
products overy possible precaution in tbelr
preparation and subsequent testing is taken.
WE CAN ASSUME NO RESPONSIBILITY
FOB UNTOWABD EFFECTS FOLLOWING
THEIR USE."
If tho manufacturers don't recommend
their own gooda we ahould do well to bo-
ware of them.
I can corroborate the opinions of the medical men and others quoted above, for in my
own work I have found that vaccination often
bas far-reaching effects upon the condition
of the eye, aa well as the general health of
the victim.
Vancouver Peoplo  "Stung"
Mnny   Vnncouver   residents    hnving    been
badly    "tilling"   ns   Hie   n-Riilt   nt   ordering
liquor from comparatively unknown oonaorns
In the liquor business who ar^ now circularising residents of 11. 0, offorlng liquors
nt whnt jij.|*.nr to bo exceptionally inviting
prlci'H. The residents have sent tlieir gOOU
money for liquors only to lind, when tin-
shipments arrived, thnt tho delivery wns fnr
from filling (In1 order, In mnny Instances,
eight or nine bottles in the case hnve nrrived, Instead of the usual doaen. In other
canoe, and very numerous, the (Inns have
substituted other liquors for those ordered,
without regard to values. The buyers hnve
also discovered when the Roods were opened
that the liquor wns not of the reputed brand
but of n much inferior qunlity. As the concerns are thousands of miles nwny and the
purchasers hav? sent their money thoy are
obliged to tnko their diFsnppointment nnd
pocket tlieir loss. In view of the oxtrn-
nrdlnnry activity of liquor selling during the
Doming month, due to "hone-dry" prohibition coming into force on April 1, it would
be well for purchasers to safeguard themselves by confining their orders to firms who
nre known in British Columbia and bnck up
their offers witb responsible guarantees. **■
Notice to Advertisers
On and after April 5th advertising
rates ln The Federatlonist will be
materially increased, Tbls because of Increased cost of production due, ln part, to Increased
circulation.
B.  PABM.  PETTIPIECE.
Manager
Vancouver, Feb 2B., 1916.
WHISKY
SCOTCH
and RYE
EXTRA QUALITY — SPECIAL PRICES — WONDERFUL VALUE
Wo linvo tho stock—tlio purost, tho bost, tho greatest variety in Canada—on many of the best-known lines you muHt buy from us to get the brand
you want. We give our guarantee as to brand, strength and quality on overy bottle, case or gallon of liquor we sell. Whoa you buy from us, you
buy from n responsible house—we've been doing business hero for over 20 years.
Noto that some prices listed here ate on limited quantities.   Put in your orders at once.   It's a case of "First como, nrst served."
Cased Scotch Whisky
Just released from Canadian Government Bonded Warehouse, a delayed
shipment of splendid genuine old Scotch Whisky, bottled ln Scotland and
of wonderful character and value.
Mackie & Oo. (Lagavuliu), (While Horso collar shipper) Old Islay
Scotch, ordinary size (75 cases), caso  $24.00
Imperial  Oval  Quarts   (50   cases),  case    30.00
J. M. Macpherson's Extra Special Highland Scotch, 40 cases. Until
sold, case   27.00
A Case consists of .12 quart bottles.
Pri
por
Bottle
"House of Parliament," in ordinary round bottlos; 10 years
old.   Very popular (standard value)  52.75
"Sanderson's Mountain Dew"—In ordinary round bottles*
most popular nnd relinble brand    of    Standard Scotch
Whisky imported   2.75
Sanderson's "Olenlelth"—10 years old) old line 2.90
McDonnell's Old Orkney Double 00.   Pure Highland Malt;
bottled before tho war; very line; 110 cases, until sold .... 3,00
Watson's Dundee No. 10, original importation, a Btandard
favorite; bottled beforo tho war; 90 cases   3.00
Grant's Stand Fast, a very popular whisky in England;
35 cuscs   3.00
Johnnie Walker's "Kilmarnock"—Bed Label. (Can not bo
replaced)     3.75
Johnnie Walker's "Kilmarnock"—Black Label. (Very rare) 4.26
Andrew Usher's "0. V. G."  3.00
Andrew Usher's "G. 0. H."—Black Label  3.76
Net
•Case
Price.
$30.00
30.00
31.80
30.00
30.00
42.00
48.00
38.00
42.00
Cased Rye Whisky
DISTILLERY BOTTLED
Price   Net
A Case consists of 12 quart bottles. por      (.'use
Bottle. Price.
"B. O.   Special"—Excellent  old   rye.      (Oldest   distillery
bottling); limited supply  82.50   827.00
"Canadian Olub"—Hiram Walker's (very famous)   2.25    22.00
"Imperial"—Hiram Walker's  2.00     10.00
Gooderham & Worts' "Special"   2.25    19.00
Gooderham & Worts' Ordinary  2.00    17.00
Josoph Seagram's No. 83   2.25    22.00
B. 0. Ordinary—full strength und flavor (until sold)   2.10     22.20
H. Oorby & Son, Gooderham A Worts, Hiram Walker A
Sons, B. 0. Distillery Oo. (all special bottling; limited
supply (until sold), case      —    16.00
"Three Seal" Rye—-Nine years old. For many years a
standard on the Western Canadian market. Agod in warehouse in onk casks; a registered brnnd; large white Imperial oval quart bottle  2.60    27.00
"Three Seal" Bye—Nine years old; sumo as No. 51, in
ordinary round bottles (very fine).   Limited stock   2.00     21.00
"Limited' Reserve," Rare old Liqueur Rye—Large whito
oval quart bottles; extraordinary quality  2.76     30.00
Gold Seal (Special) Imperial oval quart  2.25    24.00
"Oold Seal" Canadian Malt White Whisky—Ordinary bots. 1.76    18.00
Jesse Moore Old Bourbon Whisky (A.A.)—Genuine importation.   Special price   1.75    19.00
"Gold Bond" Canadian Bye—12 years old; imperial oval
quarts.   Wonderful whisky  3.00     33.00
WE PAY ALL EXPRESS CHARGES - WE DO NOT SUBSTITUTE
A Case consists of 12 quart bottle:
CASED SCOTCH WHISKY
Price
por
Bottle.
Andrew Usher's Special "O.V.G."—In Imperial oval quarts.
Direct importation. (Limited quantity), wonderful vnlue .84.00 $45.00
MacDonald Si Muir (t.eith)   "Highland Queen"—A  vory
popular brand  \. 3.25
MacDonald 6 Muir (t.eith) "White and Gold"—A Liqueur
Scotch; well aged nnd excellent in flavor   3.50
John Dewar's "Special"   3.25
John Dewar's "Extra Special"—Blue Label  3.60
John Dewar's "Special Liqueur"—White Labol   4.00
John Dowar's "Extra Special Liqueur"—Only a few rases
in tho world   4,60
"Black and White"—Buchanan's; most popular line in the
world; wonderful flavor and quality   3.50
Buchanan's "Red Seal"   3.25
"White Horse"—Mnckie's   3.50
Wliyto 8t Mackay's Special   3,25
Bulloch, Lade tt, Co.,   distillers   of finest  Highland Mall
Whiskies-
White Label—Standard of all brands   3,25
Red Label—Very fine, 20 years in wood   3.50
Gold Lah.el—Limited quantity (p.ircst aad oldest)   4.00
Mitchell's Genuine Old Heather Dew—Famous line   3.25
Caledonian Liqueur  3,50
MacOalluni's "Perfection"   3.75
Evory gallon of Scotch Whisky sold guaranteed from original package
and not shipped at less than Government Warehoused strength at 20
under proof.
Net
Case
Price.
36.00
39.00
30.00
39.00
46.00
51.00
39.00
36.00
39.00
36.00
36.00
39.00
45.00
36.00
39.00
42.00
RYE WHISKY—BULK
Imperinl Measure l-fial.Jug
"Limitod Reservo" Liqueur Rye  $ 8.00
"Three Seal"—Nine years old; very fine and spccinl blend    7.50
"Private Stock "—Special Liqueur     7.75
Goodorham & Worts' Special (standard oil over Canndn)     8.00
B. C, Special—II yenrs in oak.   Limited quantity    9.00
Pure Canadian Malt White Whisky     7.00
Gooderham & Worts' 8-year-old, special shipment; very fine     7.25
Jos. E. Seagram's "Waterloo"—standard strength :I5 u.|    0.60
Walker's Canadian Club     8.50
Walker's Imperial     8.00
"Gold Bond" Canadian Rye—12 years old; oldest nnd best possiblo
to obtain     8.00
Hiram Walker's Old Canadian Rye    7.00
All Canadian Ryes shipped at bonded warehouse, strength of 25 under
proof, therefore tho Canadian Government guarantees thc strength of
every gallon we sell.
SCOTCH WHISKY—BULK
Imperial Measure
Old Kilmarnock—Popular for many yenrs (excellent i  	
Caledonian Reservo Liqueur— Aged for yenrs in sherry ensks;
mild, mellow old whisky; wonderful flavor.   The best obtainable
from this famous line 	
White Horso Cellar—A famous old bread (Liqueur) 	
Peter Dawson's "Perfection"—A very line old liqueur whisky	
Teacher's Highland Cream—A favorite; standard	
Sanderson's "Glcnleith"—10 yenrs old, May mall 	
"Mountain Dew"—The most popular Scotch Whisky in Western
"aria; very fin
1-0.1. Jug
811.50
11.00
13.50
13.00
12.50
12.60
"House of Parliament"—S. Henderson & Co., 10 years old; v
uniform qunlity and flavor 	
Usher's "O.V.G."—An old vetted Glonllvot Scotch (pop.ilnr)
12.00
11.00
12.50
WARNING!
Wo do not substitute. Be careful of deceptive advertising. Many Anns are offering
liquors who can not supply the brands quoted,
but will Bend you very Inferior grades. Do
not send money to outside linns unless you
know who they are, Many people have been
very badly treated.
NO   CHARGE    FOR   WAR    STAMPS
KEGS OR PACKAGES
WE  PAY  ALL  EXPRESS  CHARGES
DISCOUNTS
On three bottles or more, deduct  15 cents per bottle; on six
bottles ur over, deduct 25 cents each bottto.    Cases of 12
bottles und bulk liquors are quoted net.
WARNING!
We do not substitute. Be careful of deceptive advertising. Many Amis are offering
liquors who can not supply tbe brands quoted,
but will send you very Inferior grades. Do
not send money to outside Hrms unless you
know who they aro. Many people have been
very badly treated.
FuU Price Lists and information may ba obtained from tlie following Buyors' Agents for purchaso of liquor from outside tbo province:
A. L. GARTSHORE CO., lato Gold Seal Bldg., 722 Pender Street West MAPLE LEAF DISTRIBUTING OO   831 GRANVILLE ST
INDEPENDENT BREWING CO,, 66 Hastings St. E. — UNIVERSAL WINE CO., 04 Cordova St. W. — JOHN McRAE & CO., 758 Powell St
OPEN EVENINGS OPEN EVENINGS
GOLD SEAL LIMITED
CALGARY
137 WATER STREET, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Write for rally Illuitntod unit Frlu Ust
REGINA PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Men's Clothing Department
Is Showing Latest
Suit Novelties
This Week-end
Including form-fitting 'Pinchbacks" and "Belters"
The Smartest and Nobbiest Suits in Town
Young fellows looking for clothes with "lots of pep" will
endorse the showing gathered here for their approval Saturday.   We never had such a good showing of this class of suits.
These clothes are designed for young men and men who stay
young. There is nothing more jaunty than the cut of the form-
fitting sack, although on the hanger you would hardly discern
the difference between it and the ordinary 3-button sack. The
pinch-back is by this time familiar to everyone, and it is a
mighty attractive little suit. We show it now in an excellent
small cheek, also in a subdued plaid cheviot. The "belter"
suit actually fastens with a gunmetal buckle in front. It is
shown in models with slant and patch pockets, and both look
very nobby.
Por the man who is proof against the blandishments of such
clothes, wc have all the choice in orthodox sack suits ho could
want, which selection has been reinforced during the last few
days by some excellent new numbers at Twenty Dollars.
Come and look them over tomorrow and try a few on without being importuned to buy. You will like our method of
clothes selling.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
JAS.THOMSON&SONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C. *
iwin.   Mm
UNION
MADE
REGISTERED   TRADE MARK
■RAN
EVERY TWIN BUTE garment is rip-proof and tear-proof. Each
scam is donblc-stitched, pockets arc tacked at tho corners,
tho buttons arc rivcttcd on.   Work pants, shirts and overalls
are made in every desired Btyle, from tko best of materials, and
will stand hard and constant usage.     Twin Bute garments are
the best at any price.   Ask any doalor.
Made in a Union Shop for Union Workers
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital. »15,000,000        Rest..—  118,600,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VANCOUVEB DISTBIOT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assist you in the patriotic and personal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interest at current rates, and welcomes small as well as large
accounts.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists'
Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS and NURSERYMEN
TWO STORES:
48 Hastings Street Bast.   Phone Sey. W8 and 672
728 Oranvllle Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
NURSERIES:
Twenty-first Avenue and Main Street.   Phone Fairmont 796
Hammond, B. O.   Phone Hammond 17
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boati, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phone u lay or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
ley. 4044*6
Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
,    Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800       1629 Main Street
THE BES'j
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce! t Tint Creamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
FRIDAY March 1, 1918
~&l
•55353°
fEDEBATIOMST
A Delicate Precedent
Editor B. 0. Federationist: It must be
very gratifying to all true patriots to note
tbe couivge and tbe unflagging teal of the
censor in his raid upon the "Finished Mystery." The writer believes that if a crusade is to be carried out against all unpatriotic utteranoBi regarding war, then no
book or publication, however respectable itB
source, should be allowed to remain ln eur
libraries or in private possession where lt
is likely to disseminate ideas about patriotism, and war which are contrary to the lofty
standards of tbe twentieth century,
Now that the censor has shown that he
will attack even religion if necessary we
hops ho will carry the crusade further and
have the sixth commandment expunged from
the docalog, and also one famous new testament utterance to read ln future: "If thine
enemy hunger, tighten the blockade." This
would put tbo bible above suspicion. Then
there  are  other   books  which we  are  sur-
Erlsod have not yet been placed under the
an. Truo, the authors bave hitherto held
a high position in English literature, but the
passages in the holy scripture, anu the offending pasBageB In "The Finished Mystery"
are harmless when compared with some of
tbe utterances of Carlyle, Buskin,. Shelley,
Oowpur and hosts of other English writers
whom ono oould mention.
Carlyle'a famous passage on war in "Sartor llesartus," for instance, has a reference
to the soldiers as "blockheads." Speaking
of the soldiers of the two bolligercnto, he
asks: "jiiid these men any quarrel I Busy
as the devil is, not tho smallest. . . . How
then I Simpleton 1 their governors bad fallen
out and, instead of shooting one anothor
they had the cunning to mako these poor
blokheade shoot."
Ruskin in "Sesame nnd Lilies," a lecture
to young ludies, has this: "What an absurd
idea it scums, put fairly Into words, that
thu wealth of the capitalists of civilized nations should over come to support literatim-
instead of war."
Again, he says, "It is ono very awful form
of the operulion of wealth in Europe that it
is entirely capitalists' wealth which supports
unjust wars."
The poet Shelley goes even 'further In
casting poisonous interpretations of war far
und wide and, incidentally, refers to soldiers
us assassins.   In Ills "Queen Mab," ho says:
"War is the statesman's game, tho priest's
delight,
Tlio   lawyer's   jest,   the   hired   assassin's
trade."
Co-vper, the Christian hymn writer, in the
"Tusk," Bays:
"But war's a game which were their sub-
jots   wise,  kings would not play at."
Lowell's "Bigelow Papers" ought also to
be bunneii on account of his saying:
"tii for war I call it murder,—
There you hcv it plain and Hat;
I  don't want to go no furder j
Thun my testyineut for that."
But puiliups the most glnring denunciation
of war und the business of thc soldiers, appears in Godwin's "Enquirer," essay 5. He
says:
"Kings and ministers of state, the real
authors of the rulamity, sit unmolested in
their cabinet, whilo those against whom the
fury of the storm is directed are, for tlie
most part, persons who have been trepanned
into the Bflrvlco or who ure drugged unwillingly from their peuceful homes into tho
Held of buttle. A soldier is n man whose
business it is to kill those who never offended him, and who are tho innocent martyrs of other men's iniquities. Whatever
may become of the ubstract question of the
justifiablcness of war, it seems impossible
that thu soldier should not be a depraved
and unnatural being. To these more serious
und momentous considerations, it may be
proper to mid u rcoliection of the ridiculousness of the military character. Its lirst
constituent is obedience; u soldior is of
all descriptions of men, the must completely
u machine; yet liib profession inevitably
teaches him something uf dogmatism, swaggering and self-conscquunce; hu is liko the
puppet of u showman, who, at thu very time
he is made to strut and swell and display
thu most furclnl airs, we perfuctly know
cannot assume the most insignillcnnt gesture,
advance either to tho right or left, but as
ho is moved by his exhibitor,'
Tho above books from which I have quoted
ure lu every public library in thu land and
most lovers of literature have copies of all
or some of them iu their private possession.
I call upon tha censor to bo logical and let
his work be effective by sweeping all those
pernicious books from which 1 have quoted,
from our beloved country. To pounce upon
"Tlio Finished Mystery" and leavo "Star-
tor Resortus," "Sesame and LilicB," Shelley's poems, and Godwin's "Enquirer," is
to strain at a gnat and swallow a camel. If
war and the business of tho soldier 1b Just
and honorable, ns all respectable peoplo believo it to be, then the abovo books ought
to be suppressed forthwith, and a rigorous
and holy Inquisition be at onco started to
clean out theso pernicious books which are
working like an insidious poison in the minds
of our young men and weakening the power
of resistance of our empiro.
The writer would be glad to boo the offico of the censor begin the crusade at once
as he is most curious to know what the
result would be.    Yours truly,
GEORGE F. STIRLING.
Salmon Arm, B. C, Feb. 23, 1018.
Why Their Attitude?
Editor B. G. Fedorationist: Some time ago
I read in the columns of The FederationiBt
a communication from one of your correspondents, bemoaning the fact that some of
tho Labor lenders and their press wero asking thu support of tho business msn and at
the samo timo were knocking them. To take
a broad view of it, I suppusu it is one of
thu contradictions wliich thu present system
is full of. But, to analyze the position for
a moment, I should think nine out of ovory
ten of the business cluss were ut one time
in their life working for wages, and by thrift
or tho timely demise of a much-tliought-of
aunt, thsy managed to get out of tho ranks
of the wage worker and launch out into
businoss. Now what made tbem leave tlio
ranks of the workers when wo hear so much
ubout thu "dignity of Labor," thu honest
toilers nnd other '-mingles from the Sammy
Gompers type of Labor leaders) The reason they loft tho workers' ranks was becauso thoy wuntod to get away from a position whuruby thay had to sell theeelvos on
the labor murket; In other words to get as
far away as possible from a slave's condition. The attraction was that they saw the
business cluss hud an easier time and belter
living conditions.
But there is on; thing I cannot understand satisfactorily, and that is tlie case of
a strike between the workers and thu capitalist class. Tho business men inevitably
line up their forces with the large interests
to defeat the workers. I have nsked a good
many business men the reason for this and
the only conclusion I can come to Is the
fear of too many of tho workers getting
into their class uud making their condition
nn better than it was when thoy were in
the ranks of tho workers, nnd then n few
of them may escape some day to become
large capitalists.
Vim would really think their interest
would be to support tho workers in all their
struggles against monopoly and help them to
get shorter hours and better wages, and
tbey would thus certainly get the benefit
of more business, for after all, tho business
men, with few exceptions, are in production
as much as thu workers are, as no goods
are produced until they are placod In the
consumers' hands snd if the business class
will line up with the workers in this world
struggle tbat Is taking place, the transformation of thc syBtem from individual ownership
to social ownership will be made easy, because organized Labor and the roturned soldiers will organize a force for the ownership
of the means of life and the control of their
own destiny that no power on this earth
can stay.
That means democracy, you will hear some
say. When you get democracy some will
not want to work.
Ab long ns the human race requires food,
clothing and shelter, tho desire to produce'
It will remain, and nny man or woman that
would desire more from society than they
are willing to produce, if they are physically
fit, nt heart would be a thief, and anyone
who is satisfied with less than they produce,
is a coward. Anyone who is able to produce nnd will not should havo tho liberty
to starve nnd nny one not fit to work will
have to be provided for. Under a properly
organlied syitem of society, work would be
nbout the least thing one would havo to
think about, as everyone would be In such
a physical condition that work would be a
pleasure, Instend of a curse and a nightmare,
for thc working Inss, as it Ib nl present.
J. HODGKINSON.
Nanalmo, B. C-, Fob. 25, 1918.
•nnd political arena. We were soon diseasing tho events In Russia and I found that
he agreed with most of my own views. ' I
am surpqrised you are so radical," I said.
"I can't help it," ho replied, laughing. "You
know I read The (Federationist every week.
I   alwaya   start   with   tbe   'correspondence
Bagc.     Your   letters   are   pretty   hot   stuff,
oc. and are leading me astray, I fear. But
I can't help reading them.
I wish to Bay here tbat it Ib becoming
rather difficult for me to find time for my
usual letter to tbe editor, and this paper
is somowhat responsible for that fact. Many
of your readers are now coming to me to
have their dental requirements attended to.
This is not only complimentary to me, but
to them also. It provoB that my statements
of facts relating to dentistry and the public
are boing read and appreciated, and many
of these new patrons inform mo that they
came through reading my letters to tbe
editor.
A view of tbe gnat war, written three
and a half years ago:
This evening, I turnod over a bundle of
old papers, and saw a letter I had written
for tbe Social Democrat, in September, 1914,
just aftor the war started. Somo of my
remarks, although not prophetic, wero yet
much nearer correct thnn the opinion and
statements of many of oh." local and Inferior statesmen, regarding tne brief time
necessary to ' 'crush Germany.'' I Baid:
"The forces of Germany and Austria aro
bo nearly balanced that whatever happens
the powers of militarism in Europe will bo
eventually d;stroyod. The countries engaged
will be financially ruined; in fact, beforo
the war, they wore staggering under national
debts; some of them thrcntened by revolution—nnd this was an important factor In
precipitntlng the conflict.
"Whnt will happen when this mad war
fever hns burned itself out, when the common peoplo awakou and the Inevitable reaction from the war-lust takes placet Civilization cannot survive on the bayonots and
leud und bombs prescribed by our war lords.
"The coming month will mean a terrible
struggle—but history shows, and present
events show, that Immunity has not yet
reached the ago of renson and cnn only
learn life's grunt lessons by bloody and bitter experience."
Georgo D. Herron's prediction made in
June, 1912, in the "Coming Nation":.
Thia writer snid: "Europe is not fnr from
tho bloodiest warfare of the ages. Germany
holds the key to the present European situation nnd the rest of Europe is waiting for
Germany to move, nnd ns n capitalist power,
it is necessary for Germany to expand.
Nothing else can save her from collapse. It
is certnin she will soon put her strength
to the task; but it Is impossible* for her to
keep buck a much longer delay.
"Her dilemma offers her tho choico between wnr and bankruptcy.
Of course, as a Socialist republic she
would hnvo no such dilemma, but ns a capitalist power, she is bound to choose between
expansion and collapse of her military and
industrial syBtem.
"Germany's   first   enemy  Is   Frnnce,
France Is tho banker of Europe aud ia
tormlne'd   to   reduce   Germany   by   economic
pressure.
"Then there is Englnnd. an exploiter of
the world also, the greatest plunderer since
Rome. England is resolved that Germany
shnll not expand und Germany cnn only ox-
pand by possessing some portions of the
earth  already  occupied  by Englnnd.
"This struggle with its probable catastrophe is entirely unnecessary: Wo have
over-cstimnted tlie capitalist brain, and shnll
soon marvel nt capitalist stupidity.
"Just ns the diplomacy of the world is
now in its tottering dotage, so is ihe capitalist system approaching its period of senility. It is only by a vast imposture and
hypnosis that we nre led to believo that lho
industrial und political world Is boing managed by brains.
"Tlie sympathy und hope of the Socinlist
cnn only be with tlio workers of nil nations;
we can only hope that when tho empires
fall upon ono another tho workers will riso
ngninst thom nnd sweep thom away. It is
the Socialist alune thnt cnn save the world
from a now series of dark ages. The day
of opportunity approaches with alarming
rapidity. Aro wa Socialists rendy for the
hour I"
This scientific prediction, ft must bo remembered, wns written two yenrs before tho
wur. Georgo D. Herron represents the
statesmanship of a new social order wliich
is now rapidly developing. At ono time
Herron was a professor in Columbia University, but because of his socialistic views
on' theology and economics, hu was expelled
by tho plutocratic powers whicli rule the
unlversitioB of tho land of the free. Thoro
is, however, not much danger of tho professors   of our B,  r   ,,"t "     "
similar fate.
dustrial conscription, then thoy can shake
hands with tho German government. At the
same time our capitalist press will bave no
kick coming when the jingo press of Germany will turn uround and try to ubo the
goatlng trick of our own capitalist press and
tell tho workers of Germany that they must
support the war, until the Prussian autocratic government of Canada Is overthrown.
Yours for thu Bolsheviki of Canada,
ALIEN ENEMY.
Hedley, Feb. 25, 1918.
Russia's "Salvation"
According to the Methodist
Episcopal Church Viewpoint
C.  University  meeting a
The Growing Influence of The Fed.
Editor B, C. Federationist; It must be
gratifying for you to konw that your hnrd
fight to keep this paper afloat during the
lean years, before and immediately aftor the
wnr, has born fully justified and to know-
that The Federatlonist is being read by
increasing numbers every week, nnd is recognised as the best Labor paper in the, western
world. Here's an instanc of what tin y
think of It:    One morning this week, I met
Tbe Social Relationship 'Twixt tbe Dentist
and the Garbage Bustler
Editor B, C. FederationiBt: It may appear
unique assimilation to strike tho comparison
'twixt the "nerve tickler" and tho "garbage
artist." Wo havo no alternative but to admit that the dentist functions on our sense of
"feeling," and the gentleman of garbage activities on our sense of "smell." Then the
obvious logical deduction is arrived at, namely, the ethics of social relationship make it
imperative that these first cousins continue
to function, governed by their indispensi-
bility.
Now, here we have two groups in socioty,
equally useful, but yet tbeir social standard
of living differs. The cost of food, clothing
nnd shelter Is fixed, but to who.su income are
the prices fixed)
Both the dentist and tho garbage man
need a wash unci' in a while; that point
is not debatable, but yet thu former may
purchase his soap nt tho parallel price of
the latter, hence, unless the cost of commodities were standardized to conform with
standardized remuneration, it Is self-evident
thnt the "garbage-juggler" will of necessity
be compelled to perpetually prnctice food
conservation, compared with the
seeker.
[By "Brovior"]
"Had our churches spent $10,000,000 in
Russia during the last forty years, Russian
democracy would have stood firm in the
crisis," declared Bishop Basbford, vide Dally
Provinco, February 28.
Surely an institution could not condemn itself in stronger terms than the Methodist-
Episcopal church has ln the above words.
Today Russia Ib the most advanced democratic nation on the face of tho globe. The
industries, tho wealth of the country, even
tho buildings where religious bodies hold
their services, are owned by tho people and
operated for their benefit. Yet, "had tbe
church spent forty million dollars, Russiun
democracy would havo stood firm." How extremely interesting. In other words, tho
church suggests that by the expenditure of a
fow million dollars, thoy would have been
able to havo flimfla mined tho workers of Russia—-under the guise of democracy—into upholding an autocratic form of government—a
military government, supported and hobnobbed to by the church.
During the present world war the church
has—with but ono of two exceptions—clearly
shown itself to be but a means to an end.
It has willingly allowed itself to bo exploited
by the ruling classes who are interested in
this present world conflict. Its doctrines
havo been thrown to ono sido or a different
Interpretation put upon them to meet the
occasion. If the church hnd hnd the cournge
to havo stood by its teachings, as expounded
previous to the wnr, it would no doubt have
boon partially exterminated or to say the
least, persecuted; because the powers lhat
bo can not allow any person to havo views
whicli conflict with tlieir own. This is proven
by the treatment accorded to the literature of
tlio Bible Students' association.
Previous to the war we wore taught that
it wns a crimo to kill our fellow mun; today
it is a common thing for n minister of the
gospel to hold a recruiting sermon ln bis
church, advising men to commit murder 1 If
tho church bad boen sincere throughout the
entire universe, this wnr could not have been.
Hnd they lived up lo their teachings, today
thoy would havo been respected, instend of
being slighted.
What has lho church ever dono to uplift
the people? Its very existence depends upon
the state and therefore it daren't expound
the truth. It is In the same category as* tho
newspapers of today. It must cuter to the
monied class or cease to exist. Whnt effort
has the church put forth to remedy the evils
that beset the workers of today! Its attitude
with roferenco to tho social evil has been ono
of persecution of tho victim, instend of endeavoring to abolish the system whioh lets
such a stato of affairs prevail. Why did
it not try to alleviate the trials nnd temptations of the girl employees of the department
stores—tho modern factories of vice—caused
by the low wagos paid to the employe!
Whoever hoard of the church endeavoring to
help raise wnges ho that tho workers' condf
tlon might be improved!
At what period of timo did It align itself
with the workors for political action so that
the present rotten grafting system of govornment might bo dono away with, Even in
our "own" little British Columbia, the Ministerial Association was Instrumental in unseating one bunch of political grafters nt Victoria, nnd putting n bigger hunch of grafters
in their place.
Tho church so far as tho mnjority of thinking people is concerned, hns lost its power.
It hns ceased to be n fnctor. UnlosB it cnn
bo reconstructed on n different bnsis, it will
suffer the same fnte ns soma of the nutocra-
tie governments In tho final stages of tills
world war.
Russia's Bftlvatlon Is founded on tbe truest
ideals of democracy; not the "democracy1
which tho church upholds—the flng-wavinp,
flght-for-thoso-tliat-oppross-you variety.
■ 'cavity
The dentist might argue that It requires
years of Btudy to become proficient. The
garbage professor might argue that lt requires years of physical training to successfully manipulate the sanitary receptacles
containing the by-product of tho furnace.
Tho dentist conies right back with tlie cost
of  "iooIb" and equipment.
I step in nnd BUggost that they be furnished by tbe state, und both gentlemen
depnrt arm in arm, imbued with harmonious
bliss.
There is a morn] to this fable. If we
nre to conform to a higher standard of living, It is essential that euch nnd every
member of socioty should have access to
the means of life, in the bruadent sense of
the term.
Like a bad apple will  affect the box of
its  like,   so will  a lower strain   of  society
Kb  reflex  on   tho othor portion.    We
have
but socially evolve as fast ns tho submerged group evolves from Its disease, brain
clog and environment, and the members ef
society who consider tbelr standard higher
than tbo lower group, are but living in a
fool's paradise, as tho unalterable laws of
naturo demand equality in all things.
You may sterilize your mouth, your
clothes, homo and the baby's cradle, but
yot tho children of all aro susceptible to
every diseaso known to science. Disease
nnd death do not discriminate; henee the
vast discrimination 'twixt classes todny is
tho keystone which supports a condition of
affairs which is,  in entirety,  unnatural.
Just so long as n barrage of ignorance
stands between tho people and tho essential
means of life, just so long will a system
of existence predominate,
Define the distinctions 'twixt living and
existing, equulity and discrimination, state
ownership and private ownership, social government and cnpltnlist politics, and y*u will
find that what you considered a problem,
was but simplicity itself.
S. H.  COOKE,
Vancouver, Feb. 26,  1918.
Hare We Democracy and Freedom?
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I am what you
would call an "alien enemy" wage slnvo.
There are two main reasons for my present
position In humnn society. FirBt, that I
happen to have been born In a ceuntry, of
which the workers, at tho command of their
master class, are at war with tbo workers of
Canada. The second reason Ib that I was
Influenced by a C, I1, R. steamship agent to
come to Canada, where I could got a farm of
160 acres, practically for nothing, and also n
lot of other things, 'That agent also told m,
thnt I could enjoy the higher democratic freedom possible in Canada.
1 would like to abstain from Baying what
ft renlly menns to get '160 acres homestead
fnr nothing, because everybody whoever has
taken one up knows what it really means.
As to tbe democratic freedom, I have not
seen much of it yet. I have attended many
political meetings in this country, and judging from tho mud which tho Liberal nnd
Conservative politicians have been throwing
nt ench other, I could see that tho corruption
business was In the highest stal' of development.
The only freedom loft to us today, comparing with seme of the most autocrntlc countries of Europo, Is that wo have not got Industrial   conscription.     But   for  how   long f
.„   ,.i,i   t.t ,i    _   it I*   :      nvcA, i mi'i   dustrini   conscr pt on.     But   for  how   lonel
town   o rathe    Ln'Sn.T ffln?   "J   0ur «•«""»■« Ib already it th > job  Should
town,  n man  rather prominent in the legal I the   government  succeed   In   introducing   In-
too prominent a part in the local administration but the time haa arrived—
in fact it arrived long ago—when sentiment must be eliminated nnd tho interests of the ratepayers given that
consideration in financial matters that
appears to have been overlooked in the
interests of officials, not to mention the
mayor and aldermen themselves.
« i •
Ninety por cent, .of tho peoplo of
Canada, in which B. C. is included,
are concerned nowadays with the abnormal increase in thc cost of living.
The other ten per cont. are concerned
with the consideration of ways and
means that will boost their profits. "For
ways that are dark and tricks that
are vain," the average wholesaler and
retailer takes the whole bakery. Once
given an inch, they took a mile and
there is now no limits to the ends to
which they aro not prepared to go.
And the insidious and insinuating manner with which thoy went about this in
the early days of the war has given
place to the most brazen effrontery and
the most deliberate whole-hoggishness
on their part. Conditions in Canada
today in this respect constitute a sad
commentary on the way the government is playing into tho hands of the
big interests, the men who placed them
in power.
#   t   »
Just take a glance at somo of tbe
prices that aro being charged today and
comparo them with thoso of a few
years ago. And then decide who is to
blame. And furthermore institute a
comparison between thc hicfhods adopted in this Dominion and elsewhere to
keep tho cost of living within reasonable bounds. Leaving the govornment
out of tho question, who is to blame
for this process of sky-rockettingt Tho
wholesalers first, last and all tho time.
Truo, somo retailers aro not averse to
doing the thimble-trick, but on the
whole, tho big firms that help to keep
th* little ones on their foot by giving
thom unlimited credit So that their particular goods may be sold, are the ones
on whose shoulders rests the blnme of
having; sent prices up to a point that
makes one blink. And in face of this
there nro men in Canada tod«3r—and
somo of them ore no strangers to Vancouver—who advise the public to eat
less nnd pray .more, whilo thoy themselves  spell that word pray with  on
" instead of an "a." But give
(horn rope enough and they will hang
themselves. Conditions are changing so
rapidly that somo, if not all of that
section of the community already see
tho "Meno, Tckol, Upharsin" *~ «»»
wall.
the
It's a safo bot to make that the unfortunate depositors of the defunct Dominion Trust company will never finger
a nickel, not to mention a dollar of tlieir
money after tho lawyers have done
wrangling over it. That interesting
timo will come when thore is no more
money. In other words, the estate will
"dwindle, peak nnd pine" until all that
remains of it will be n mass of used
briefs, miles of rod tapo and as many
letters ns would supply enough paper to
print off an issue of The Federationist.
* i    e
I had the melancholy pleasure of boing in the room when the creditors
among whom woro many depositors who
had lost their life savings, discussed the
matter from all angles. There was a
sprinkling of certain individuals, who
evidently thought tho liquidator was j
working along the right lines, but it
was noticeable that these wero in the
minority, If anyone thinks Mr. Stewart
is taking all tho necessary steps to
bring the liquidation to nn end, ho or
sho is entitled to their opinion. But
tho bald fact remains thnt for three
and o half years this miserable busino.1*
has been dragging its slow length nlong
and thnt thc end appears to bo as far
off as ever. "By tlieir fruits shall yv
know them" is an immortal saying, and
is applicable, in a largo degree, to those
who have charge of the remains of the
deceased, yclept, tho Dominion Trust.
* t   e
1 hear there is a movement afoot that
will mean the opening of an evangelistic enmpaign from ono side of Cnnndn
to the other. French Oliver, whose tilt
with the local clerics some few months
ago was tho cause of a religious furore
bnsed on tho doctrines propounded by
tho visitor in comparison with tho
tenets of tho wearers of the -cloth in
the Terminal city is again active. A
number of prominent citizens are said
to be behind Oliver nnd his lieutenants,
and thero iB evory indication that the
fur is going to fly once the boll is set
rolling. French Oliver muy bo one of
the best men that lives on this mundane
sphere and on the other hand he mny be
the biggest rogue and the most arrant
four-flusher who ever camo within our
gatoB. The shining lights of Christendom in our midat may. havo right on
their sido and may bo the most maligned aggregation inBido British Columbia and all that, bat tho fact remains that the Frenchivikis and thc
ministerialists are still at daggers
drawn and that the scrap that took
place last yoar is only a fleabite in
comparison with what iB going to occur, if rumor speaks aright.
* «   *
Why don't tho aldermen enmo out
flat-footed and say whose head they
are going to cut off in the civic engineering department! Isn't it a well-
known fact that the mayor has decided
that F. L, Fellowes must go and isn't
it also a fact that this was decided
upon not n week after the last civic
elections? Why then there should be
so much beating about the bush and
humming and hawing in more than thc
man in tho streot can understand. No
one denies that the city engineering
department has been over-manned for
years so far as the higher-upa aro concerned,  nor will anyone possessed  of
grain of horse-sense repudiate the
atatement that some notion along the
lines of economy should have been
taken yearB ago.   Sentiment is playing
Just about the time the compulsory
service act was passed, there was n
fluttering in the dove-cots of the clnss
known aa tho Bmart nnd social set in
Vancouver. There wore groans and
smothered mutterings and various suggestions as to how to escape tho draft.
And all this time Bill Smith nnd Tom
Jones stayed and stood the racket like
mon. Yot all the timo conscription has
been in force and whilo tho horny-
handed ono has beon learning the "left,
right'' and '' shun,'' the pop-fed
smooth-faced youngsters who would look
well in khaki aro basking in tho sunshine of Honolulu or enjoying the do-
lights of 'Frisco or doing the sights of
the groat whito way in Gotham.
#   #   •
And thereby hangs a tale. It has
not appeared in print before, but it is
an open secret; Ib ns true ns the gospel. The young man in question who
had tho good fortune to bc born in the
lap of luxury was actually stopped nt
the gangway of the liner by tho military authorities. The young man was
indignnnt, but scared withal; tho military were stony-hearted and told him
with point and fluency thnt he might
as well face the music. But ho didn't.
He ia enjoying the music of the uke-
lelc played by tho dusky beauties of
tho isles of tho sea. And why, forsooth? For tho simple reason that his
old man was wealthy and had influence
and everything else that carries weight
when it conies to a point whero woalth
and influence count moro tban patriotism. Incidentally patriotism today
among tho upper ten is spelt with n
small "p." But anyhow our young
friend got nwny just in the nick of
titae, thnnks to the interference of one
of the Canadian government officials
whose duties take them to tho immigration detention shed. It was well plan-
nod, and admirably carried out, and it
goes to show that whero there's a purse
there's a way.
For a man, who, out of the proceeds
of his labor is obliged to pay another
mnn for the use of ocean or air or sunshine or soil, is in this deprived of his
rightful property, and thus robbed,—
Henry George.
CUT COFFEE BILLS
Buy EMPRESS COFFEE at 40
cents per lb. in the new sanitary
paper double-lined paper bags.
Tbe same delightful Empress Oof*
fee that formerly aold at 50 centa per
tb. In the old tin containers. The
new package means a saving of money
for you and a very necessary saving
of tin for the Allies.
Tbe same money-back guarantee u
formerly.
Empress Mfg. Co.
Limited
Vanconver, B. 0.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is IT IN YOURS?
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Street
19 Hastings Street Weit
The Telephone
Brings Home Near
"When I must he out of town." said
a Reasoned traveller, ' ^hero's nothing no
helpful in keeping mo at high working
pitch un tho feeling that home is no
further distant than the nearest telephone. I do like to get the daily 'all's
well' from home. And weighed against
thu comfort and In-]/ it givjs tne, the
small sum of tho toll charge duesn's
count at all."
The telephone highway Ib always the
shortest way home.
B. C. Telephone Company, Ltd.
Union Made
HATS
MADE  TO PIT YOUR HEAD
$3.50 and $4.00
NONE TO EQUAL THEM
SELLERS & DAVIS
Hut Manuf dcturors
341 ABBOTT STBEET
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
(Bet. Hastings and Cordova 8tsr)
ASK TOUB OBOOEB TOB
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION HXXiLBD
J.   PHILLIPS  ft  00.,   Agents
-   » *^« 1228 Hamilton
Phone 5415
Royal Stove Repair Works
Bepairs for alt Stoves, Furnaces,
Oetls, Connections, ete.
New and  second-hand etoves bonght,
Bold   and exchanged
Phoae Sey. 6960     1114 OranviUe
ELECTRIC FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street    '
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop'
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking,  lettering,   plcot edging,   pleating, niching, embroidery, hemming.
663 Oranvllle St. 1318 Douglas St, .
VANCOUVER. B.O.        VICTORIA, B.oH
Phoie Sey. 8191 Phone  1160
KIN* OF BICYCLES
Thoy are the finest bit of workman-
hip In the bieycle world; 6 different
models in variety of colore.
Prices from $42.60 to $66.00, on
easy payments tt desired.
HASKINS It ELLIOTT
"The Pioneor Bicycle Store "
616 Howe St.     412 HsBttags St   W.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABLES—
(Brunswiek-Bslke Collender On.)
—Headquarters for Union Met—
Unloi-mads   Tobaccos,   Cigars   ud
Cigarettes
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
ABODE!
tfelkmo
:>acco.
OLELAND-DIBBLE    ENGRAVING OOMPANY
LfalM
nolo ENORAVE1S — COMMERCIAL
AETISTS
Pbone Seyntnr 7109
Third  Floor,   World   Building
VANOOTJVEB. 8. 0.
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
PRINTING
O0WAN ft BBOOKHOUSE
h-hot Temple Presi    807. 4400
SYNOPSIS   OF   GOAL  MININO   REGULATIONS.
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln
v" Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-fTest Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a farther term
of 21 years at an annual rental of tl en
aore. Not more than 2,560 aores will he
leased to one applicant.
Application for • lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agont or Sab*
Agent of the district In whioh tbe rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the lend must be described by sections, or legal sub-dlviileis of
sections, end ln unsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked oat by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee ef $5 which will be rbtended If the
rights applied for are not available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
mei-chen table output of the mine et the rato
of Ave eents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall far*
nish the Agont with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable eoal *
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should he furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
Oeorge V. assfnted to 12th Jnne,  19U.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of tke Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication ef this
advertisement will not be paid for.—8367ft. FRIDAY..
...March 1, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SLATER'S
For Quality
Large cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. 26c
Robertson's   Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 4 lbs— 76c
Slater's Tea, per lb  30c
Baking Powder, S lbs. tor.. 76c
Lipton's Cocoa, halt-lb  80c
Milk, per tin  10c
Salmon, large tins, per tin.. 16c
Clark's Pork and Beans, 3
for    26c
DELIVERY TO ALL FARTS
131 Hastings St East   1*7.3201
830 Oranrille St.      Sey. M6
3214 Halo Stmt.    Fait. 1683
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and Fillings
made the same shade es yon own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings 7:80 to  8:80.
Dental nurse in attendance.
GOB.   OBANVILLE   AND   BOBSON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 52S8
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
====== [By J. B.] '
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
Conscripts and Volunteers
'Forgiveness   to   the   injured
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hastings Stmt Wait
COMFORT
LECKIE
High-grade Shoes
for Men
Scoros of men about town todny
who nro particular about their
Footwear aak for no othor Shoo
than "THE LECKIE."
In this popular STREET SHOE
for Men you have a choice of 10
different sizes, styles and all
sizes and widths, either in black
or tan, and with or without
"Noolin" soles.
Thoy'ro a happy combination of
smartness and comfort. Ask your
deuler to show you a pair today.
(Look for the nam? "LECKIE"
stamped on every pair.)
doth
They never pardon who have done the
wrong.*'
The aggressor never pardons hifl victim.
The conscription act having been
put through by tho shameful expedient
of cooking the voters' list, the cooks
proceed to transfer their shame to the
shoulders of their victims. Jeering at
them aB if the name of conscript was
a brand of shame, they make them the
scapegoats, and drive them out into the
wilderness.
The papers inform us that a fi;
broke out in Quebec between, the men
of a draft battalion, and the men of
a volunteer overseas battalion. The
trouble was caused by slighting remarks by the volunteers.
It is said trouble was caused at Hastings Park in the same way.
It is wonderful that the drafted men
came so quietly.
Is it wiBe to taunt and sneer at themt
Even a worm will turn, and why
should the Canadian worhi bo an exception; even if he did allow tho elec
tion to bo stolen, ho may not be willing to stand much more.
' Tho governmont seemB to have anticipated trouble of thia sort, for the
papers announced that the boys were
to be called drafted mon and not conscripts, but tho boys thomselves prefer
to be called conscripts.
If tho fact is good enough for them,
then the name is good onough also.
What is a conscript?
Ho is a man who obeys hia country's
call, and leaves his business, and his
homo, and his relatives and goes to
fight and probably die for his country.
Of all tho nations in this war there
is only one that has not a conscript
army, and that is Australia.
Australian soldierB are all volunteers,
therefore Australia is entitled to sneer
at tho armies of all tho other nations,
if sneers are allowable Australia is
tho only country that has preserved the
liberty left ua by our forefathers; they
fought for liberty at home as woll as
abroad.
All tho heroes of this war, acclalmod
and decoratod by their grateful and admiring countries, are conscripts. All
except a few of tho flrBt soldiers from
the countries that had not got oonscription whon the war began.
Do tho Germans say to their heroes:
"Shamo, shame! You nro a conscript"?
Do tho French?
Do tho English?
Thoy do not.
! Then why do Canadians?
i Even a miserable little socioty of
i women, gravoly debated whether to
admit to membership the wives and
daughters of conscripts, or only of
volunteers!
Put a wall round Canada, nnd cnll
it a lunatic asylum. It is nbout time.
j If being conscripted was to bring unmerited discrace on Canndinn boys why
1 conscript them at all.
Why not just hnve enforced the Mi
jlitia Act, and lot all the men share the
J shame, if shamo thero is in obeying
their country's call. A enso is being
i tried now in which it is claimed thut
I tho volunteer enlisted as soon as a mortgage company started an action against
him, and that ho deliberately enlisted
! to take advantage of the War Relief
Act.
It may not bo so in this caso, but
it was true in very many cases. Tho
war started just nftor tho real estato
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It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
To the Workingman of British Columbia:
After you hnve reud this don't throw it away. We have just the life
insurance to cover your individual case. Cut out tho attached conpon
and we will mail you n little booklet about our
"Complete Protection Policies"
WESTERN EMPIRE LIFE ASSURANCE CO.,
Gentlemen: '
Without any obligation on my part, will you please send me the
booklet entitled "Pros and  ConB."
Name	
Address..,
The Western Empire Life Assurance Co.
204 WINOH BLDG. Next to Post Offloo Vancounr, B. O.
J. DOBHIN, Provincinl Manager Phone Soymour 4326
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
801 DOHUnON BUILDINO
OORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINGS STREETS
RING UF SEYMOUR 2364 FOR APPOINTMENT
Wash and crowds of men enlisted to
escape their obligations. A member of
parliament stated, at Victoria, that all
Canadians volunteered out of pure patriotism. All people who denied thia
were traitors and pro-Germans. We are
not afraid to tell any Ananias in parliament or out, that crowds'of men enlisted for other reasons. Crowds of
real eBtate sharks enlisted because tho
boom had burst. Men enlisted who had
no where to Bleep but the park benches.
Men enlisted to provido for their
wives and children who were starving.
Men enlisted to get a trip to the old
eountry at tho government's expense.
Some enlisted in a Highland regiment
because they fancied themselves iu the
uniform. Jackdaws in peacocks' feathers, with never a drop of Highland
blood in thom. Sheer love of fighting
brought Bomo, and lovo of excitement
nnd ndvonture. Young boys wero roped
in with tales of travel and fine times.
Convicts were #releaBod if they would
volunteer. Also tho inmates of reform
schools. Some went through anger at
the German atrocities.
Some really went because thoy
thought tho eountry in danger. Others
went from that kind of parrot patriotism that yells "My country right or
wrong, and death to tho citizen of
every othor country on earth." "My
flag in tho air, and overy other flag
in tho mud."
But thoy all feel entitled to jeer at
tho conscripts.
No ono evor taunted any of them,
on ihe contrary thoy have been praised
and flattorod and petted.
Now it ia time for them to come off
the porch, and salute the boya who
camo at their country'a call—boys who
oro not fleeing from tho law, nor from
creditors, nor from any other obligation, not even tho obligation which they
have performed for the last three years
of working to feed and provido the
army.
These boys are not obliged to enlist
becauso they are starving; on the contrary, many of them had businesses of
their own, many were getting largo salaries, and they know that even if thoy
como back they will have lost their
earning capacity, and never be the same
♦gain.
Those boya had everything, home,
friends, work, love; and now thoy have
nothing but the prospect of a hideous
death.
They camo at their country's call,
surely they aro worthy of sympathy,
and not of sneers.
Do not dare to call shame upon them.
Salute them, and apologize The
shame is yours.
Evolution or Reversion
"Winnipeg men in spirited action
wont over armed with Kaffir knobker-
riea.''
Was it a Kaffir knobkerry tho roturned soldior used when, as tho result
of shell shock, he held up nnd robbed
a mon.
If a soldier of industry, who had suffered tho shock of falling from a building, recovered sufficiently to hold up n
man with a knobkerry, or with tho kind
of knob thoy uso in Kerry, or with any
other kind of knob, becnuso ho suffered
from shock, or starvation, would ho get
off!
The papers never stated what became of the returned soldior, in Glasgow, whose nerves wero so shattered
that ho could not. stand noise yot was
forced to live in a slum. Ho implored
the people to keep quiot, nnd when they
would not he opened tho window and
emptied his gun into tho crowd.
Ho certainly was a victim of the war
but instead of getting care nnd comfort, no doubt ho is in a criminal lunatic asylum, to which death would be
proforable.
Same Old Game
Hero already in a Vancouver court
is an oxample of the kind of case referred to lust week.
tY soldior is forced to sleep on a board
floor, without onough clothing, nnd the
thermometer at 16 below zero. He contracts rheumatism and is told that thia
treatment could not have dono it; he
must havo had rheumatism before, He
spent throe months in hospital; he will
probably never be free from rhouma*
tism again, and ho may become a cripple, but ho can prove that ho nover
had rheumatism before.
Tho man who has had rheumatism before, is in a still worso case, because
lie was not exempted by tho tribunal,
unless he had suffered an attack of Inflammatory rheumatism, which affects
tho heart.
It was no uso tho man snying ho was
subject to rheuanitism—he had to go.
Ho could have been a useful citizen
for long years at indoor work, but ho
is conscripted and forced to sleep on
damp floors and hi damp tents nnd
trendies. Tho rosult is ,ho is no use
in the army, and a dead loss to the
taxpayers.
He is certainly entitled to a pension
if his country has robbed him of his
health, and earning capacity, in spite
of hia protest that ho was unfit for
tho army.
But he gots no pension; ho is just
told that his diseaso was not contracted in tho army, as he was already subject to it. Tho treatment to which he
wns subjected was not tnken into nc-
count nt all.
Who is to support nil thoso invalids
after the1 war? They should either bo
exempted or pensioned,
If tho Great Wor Veterans are so
much interested in tho wclfnre of the
soldiers, let them see to this.
It would bo moro to the point to
enquire how mnny sickly men hnve
been conscripted, instead of rc-inventi-
gating the exempted mon to see if one
or two moro could bo tnken.
An Inspired News Item
Parents and relatives of tho conscripts at Hastings Park woro very
much distressed at tho rumor that they
woro to bo trained in England instead
of Cnnada.
They coiild not understand why n deplorable situation should be mado worse
and tho Httle timo that remained for
association with thoir doomed boys
should bo arbitrarily shortened, It
scorned insano to send them to England
where there is famine whon wo have
plenty of food for thom here.
In caso tho agonized relatives ahould
begin to aak awkward questions, tho
pnpors announced the advent of some
generals who were to arrango for tho
boya' training hore.
That calmed things down for a short
timo. Thea came tho- boys' marching
orders, and an inspired explanation in
PAGE SEVEN
the papers. The item is a pure gem; it
shows how our daily news pabulum ia
cooked for ub. It Bays: "The roung
soldiers at Hastings Park havo taken
cheerfully a severe course of training.
Tho war has lost its charm of novelty,
and these men seem to have no other
wish than to get ready to do their duty
as early and well as possible. Some of
them left vigorous civilian work and
are not dispoaed to waste their time
remaining in camp longor than is necessary."
Actually we are asked to believe
that the conscripts are rushing themselveB to England so that they may get
into the war sooner.
Ab if the government, and their officers could not even persuade them to
consider that the soldiers in England
are on short rations, and it ia not advisable to send more soldierB there to
starve!
Who would have thought that their
short stay at Hastings Park could turn
them into such fire-eaters. Half of them,
before they went into barracks, would
go without dinner rather than kill a
chicken; the other half are raw from
being sneered and jeered at as eon-
scripts. Some people think that tho
boys are being rushed to England to
starve, because of their smouldering
sense of outrage nt the way they have
been treated.
It will bo easier to handle them away
from their home and friends, and with
their letters carefully censored everything will be 0. K.
Campaigners of the Oreat War
An apology is due to the Campaigners of the Great War, but they had
not yet broken out when the eruption
of leagues was described and that was
tho reason they were omitted, Next
please1
The Great War Veterans not only
want thoir own rights but everyone
else's rights too.
Like the Puritana who came to Amorica to obtain liberty of conscience for
themselves, and incidentally to make
sure that no ono elao had any liberty.
The "vets' " last request is that all
exempted men should bo reinvosigated.
That means that all the money spent
has boen wasted, and that tho members
of the exemption tribunals were fools,
or worse.
In Scotland peoplo used to pray: "0
Lord, deliver us from the ire of tho
Drummonds, the pride of the Murrays,
and tho groed of the Campbells.
Following their example, let ua pray: |
From the kaiBerism of tho "Veta."'
From tho quarrolling of thoir lopped-
off brnnchea. And from the rapacity
of all tho leaguea, 0 Lord, deliver us. I
AUTOCRACY'S BOOB
MEDALS
Wo Canadians are a quiaer lot. Domo-
emtio in tho main, with our leading publlo
mon clinging to autocracy liko a drowning
man clutching at a straw. "A curious byproduct of tho war for democracy," says H.
F, Gadsby, in the Toronto Saturday Night,
is tho bunch of titles, hereditary and otherwise, which England Ib crowding on thiB
bokniglitod country. Tho ordinary Canadian
fails to soa bow it can help democracy in
this part of tho world to set up a lot of
social bannors fur rich men and title hunt-
ora. We view with alarm tho probable effects of thia divided lovo of our public men
—ono oyo on Canada and the other on the
title-givers in Englnnd."
Saturday Night is doing a good sorvico in
pointing out tho folly of continuing this relic
of autocracy in democratic Canada—particularly in theso days when autocratic Europe
hus its back against tho wall and is fighting
democracy at evory turn of tho road. "Hitherto we havo regarded knighthood in Canada
as au amiable weakness. Now wo are inclined to regard it as a joke tnat has been
curried yenrs too far. Moreover, wo smell
in it a scheme tu transplant a British aristocracy lo this soil when a La hor- Li b-> ral
governent—with Bolsheviki reactions—makes
titles look foolish In England, Knighthood
is nn institution that wo do not want to
see flourishing in this ountry. Wo aro not
unhopeful that parliament will look into this
whole question of titles at tho coining session
and put an -end to it oncu and for all.
"Tho reasons for conferring knighthoods
in Canada havo been general and special.
Tho genoral reasons wero that a man hud
a lot of money, becauso ho was a judge or
an ofliciul bigwig, because ho held a position
at Ottawa and wanted to show his legs in
short pants in state drnwing rooms, bocnuso
he liked stars and garters and ribbons and
medals to make him jingle, because his wifo
wanted it—because, well u hundred because*,
any because in fact except the real ono,
swelled head.
'The politicians, of course, had i reasons
of thoir own, Sir Wilfred Laurier, 'a democrat up to the hilt,' took It aB 'an honor to
the French race.' Several other statesmen, '
not as distinguished as Sir Wilfred, also
took it bb an honor to the French raco, and
that naturally made it a littlo cheaper. Sir
Jamos Whitney, another sturdy democrat,
was seized white attending the Quebec Tercentenary and dragged off to the Citadel,
where King George, then tho Prince of Wales
—put it on him in spite of his screams.
Whon Sir James recovered consciousness he
sat up, smiled wanly und said: 'I took it
as nn honor to Ontario.' Sir William Mulock, who wns known as Farmer 13111 when
he was in politics, put a good face on it by
saying: 'I tonk it for the honor of North
York.' They nil took it, as you will ob-
0,   for somebody  else,  a  supremo  act of
unselfishness,
'When wo como to the special reasons
for making Canadian knights we striko a
vein of pure comedy. Looking over the list
I find that one gentleman got it for providing
tho present king of England with a white
horse. Sir Walter Raleigh, as you remember,   got   it   for thrusting u  cloak  under  a
m's foot. Why, then, shouldn't u good
Canadian get lt for putting a while horse
under a king's—w?ll, for giving tho king
a good mount {    .    .    .    One reason is ns good
nnother. Running through the list of
knights again 1 lind tbat one got it because
he played the fiddle vory well when he was
drunk: another haoftuse he lind a head of
hair like Laurier; another because he told
[irelly lies about ii dead statesman; another
mse  he  had  Early  (lothlc whiskers;  nn-
•r beeause he could look at tho clock
without telling the time; another because be
said 'you was' and 'have went'; another
because lie wna sore at the government and
needed srtlve; another becauso ho eould steal
millions without the aid of a mask or a
jimmy; nnolhtr— hut why string it out!"—
I'Inderby Press.
And littlo boobs are caught and their
infantile vanity tickled with iron
crossoB. service medals and similnr designs in base metal hardware, whicli
thoy proudly receive for having dent-
bloody and valinnt work for their owners. And how cliostily do they tote
this useless and ridiculous junk around
for ever aflcr. There is not much difference between bo'oba big und boobs
littlo. Gewgaws, whether of paper or
cast iron, bring tho same delight to
thoir sihiplo hearts as is brought to thnt
of the infant who hus not yot arrived
at tho ngo of intellectual maturity requisite to the proper wiping of its'own
hobo, A queer lot? Yes, indeed, and
then some.
EMPRESS THEATRE
Th* Individuality of Authors
It haB been snld thnt every author develops an individuality In hln writing tlmt
Is distinct nnd deliuahle from other authors'
works, ns Hie thiiml) marks of different people. This element stands out pre-eminently
In alt the plays of Wlllard Mack, and tin-
manner In whili lie biiilds fnr a grinning
scene   is   a   style   mitto   his   own. \\ lien
"Kick In" was first presented in N.*w York,
nil tlie critics commented upon Its mnny in-1
tense moments, nnd when "Ho Much For Ho
Much" succeeded it on Broadway, it bnd Its
"Groat Punch" developed in gufto th' same
way. From the actor's point of view, nil of
Mack's plays are extremely "playnblem,"
and the different types he uses in telling bis
story nre so akin In every dny life that they
aro delightfully Interesting studies to the
actor as well ft« the audience. Vancouver
will be the first city on the Pacific coast to
seo this great play, and lt is stlU being
played in the cast at 11,50 prices.
Mail Order Price List
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Beer and Stout, and all kinds of Liquor Delivered to Home or Nearest Station
ALLEXPRESS CHARGES PREPAID
(Prices subject to change without notice)
ORDER AT ONCE
It is now illegal to import liquors into Canada. On April 1, British Columbia will become "Bone-dry." This means a demand for wines and liquors
—especially the popular brands—which will make it difficult to secure supplies at the last moment.
Play Safe-Order Today
SPECIAL DISC0UNT8
On all above prices, following discounts
apply.
' Case goods, on three bottles to six bottles,
all 15c per bottle.
No allowance on straight case lots, as
these prices are quoted net.
DIRECTIONS  FOR   ORDERING
All orders must be accompanied by Post-
office or Express Money Order, Certified
Cheque or Cash ln registered letter. C.O.W.
orders cannot be accepted legally.
Attach to the order your name and personal address and name ot nearest station
at which Express agent is located.
These prices include all delivery charges prepaid. They cover the full
cost of the goods laid down at your door or nearest station.   *
The Wines and Liquors we handle are the best on the market We carrv
a large stock, but in view of the demand would advise you to ORDER NOW
RYE WHISKIES
Per
Bottle.
....$1.75
.... 1.85
Old Canadian Rye 	
7-Year-Old Spec. Rye 	
9-Year-Old Extra Spec 2.00
Great West Rye  1.75
Private Stock  2.00
Gooderham & Worts' Ord 2.00
Goodreham & Worts' Spec 2£5
Walker's Imperial  2.00
Walker's Canadian Club  2.25
SCOTCH WHISKIES
D. Murray & Co., Royal Scots -.$2.75
Cameron's Glenlivet   2.76
Wm. Teacher's Old Glenlivet 2.85
Alex. MacKay Special 2.75
Watkins' Kilmarnock 2.90
Walker's Red Label  3.76
Usher's O. V. G. 3.00
Usher's Green Stripe  3.60
Usher's G. 0. H. (Black Label) 3.75
Train's Veteran  3.00
Mountain Dew  2,76
Dewar's Extra Special 3.60
White Horse  3.50
RUM
Robertson's Demerara or Jamaica....$3.00
H. B. Demerara or Jamaica 3.00
London Dock  3.25
Privateer   3.25
Old Navy Rum   3.25
No. 47 Demerara or Jamaica  3.50
BRANDIES
Lucien Foucald ***	
Flix Tilloc '*"»* 	
Roubillac &. Co	
lioubillac & Co. ***	
Louis Henoy *** 	
Balzac & Co. ***	
Magnier's & Co	
Magnier & Co. •»*	
.Magnier  &  Co., V.  0	
Magnier & Co., V. S. 0. P	
Magnier & Co., 20-year-old	
Blackberry Brandy 	
Per
Case.
$15.00
16.00
19.00
15.00
19.00
17,00
19.00
19.00
22.00
 $2.75
  2.75
  3.00 .
  3.50
  2.75
  3.00
  2.75
  3.25
  3.50
  3.75
  4.00
  3.25
$26.00
30.00
31.00
22.00
31.50
42.00
33.00
39.00
42.00
33.00
30.00
39.00
39.00
$33.00
33.00
36.00
36.00
36.00
39.00
$30.00
30.00
33.00
39.00
30.00
33.00
30.00
36.00
39.00
42.00
45.00
36.00
GINS
Betts' Old Tom  $2.75 $30.00
Betts' London Dry  2.75 30.00
Club Dry Gin 3.00 33.00
Overseas Dry   3.25 36.00
Gordon's Dry   3.25 36.00
No. 1 Old Tom  2.75 30.00
H. B. London Dry 2.75 30.00
Coates' Plymouth  3.25 36.00
Boord's Old Tom   3.00 33.00
Vickers'  Old  Tom $3.00 $33.00
Sloe Gin  3.25 36.00
Castle Brand Holland's  2.75 37.50
Gold Cross Holland Gin 2.75 37.50
(Holland Gin cases contain 15
Imperial Qt. Bottles)
B. & D. Schnapps 3.00 33.00
Wolfe's  Schnapps     3.00 33.00
AMERICAN WHISKIES
Sunny Brook  $3.00 $33.00
Pebbleford     3.25 36.00
Old Crow   3.25 36.00
.Tease Moore A. A. Bourbon 2.00 21,00
PORTS AND SHERRY
Special  Vintage  Port $1.50 $15.00
California Vintage Port 1.75 18.00
H. B. Red Label l'ort  1.50 16.00
II. B. Duoro Oporto Port  2.00 20.00
Peuerheerd's Invalid  2.25 23.00
Pedro Morana*—Royal Empire 2.50 26.00
Pedro Morano—White  Label  2.75 29.00
Pedro Morano—Green  Label  3.00 33.00
Welse n. Krohn Qovernador 3.25 36.00
California Sherry  1.50 15.00
Royal Crest Sherry   1.75 18.00
Feuerheerd'a One Diamond  2.00 20,00
Fotierhoerd'B   White   I-ubel  2.25 23.00
Williams & Herberts Dry Sack  2.75 29.00
Feuerheerd'a Imperador  2.00 29.00
Amontillado  2.00 20.00
J. de Fuenlas Parilln 2.25 23.00
J. de Fuentas Parlllo, White Ubel.... 2.50 26.00
LIQUEURS AND BITTERS
Per
Bottle
Creme de Mentbe — $3.00
Benedictine  4.60
Gilka KImmel 3.25
French Vermouth  - 3.25
Italian Vermouth  3.26
Creme de Cocoa 3.00
Aquavit, Paulson's 2.75
Aquavit, Karisham's  2,75
Chew Whiskey 2.50
Cherry Brandy 3.00
Absinthe 400
Annlset 2.25
Creme de Cassis 3.00
Peach Brandy .
Apricot Brandy
Per
Case
. 3.00
Fernet Blanca Italian Bitters 3 BO
Ferro China Italian Bitters...  375
John Bull Bitters    ~„
Angostura Bitters       , fj
Manhattan
Martini 	
COCKTAILS
.$3.00
... 3.00
$33.00
33.00
RYE   WHISKIES   IN   BULK
Great West 	
7-Year Old 	
0-Year Old, Extra Special	
Old Canadian Rye	
Private Stock 	
Gooderham &  Worts Ordinary	
Gooderham & Worts Special....	
Walker's Imperial 	
Walker's Canadian Club	
Gal.
6,50
7,00
7.25
6.50
7.25
7.00
8.00
7.75
8.50
SCOTCH   WHISKIES   IN  BULK
Murray & Co., Fine Old $11.00
Cameron's Glenlivet   11.50
Teacher's Glenlivet 	
Brown's XXX .....
Mackay's Special 	
I'shcr'B O. V. G	
Usher's Special Reservo	
Walker's Kilmarnock 	
12.50
11.00
-11.50
12.50
13.50
14.50
GINS  IN  BULK
Betts' Old Tom  $ 8.00
Betts' London Dry     8.00
Gordon's  Dry     9.00
De Kuyper's Holland  10.60
CaBtle Brond Hollands   10.00
RUM  IN BULK
Robertson's Demerara or Jamaica $13.00
H. B. Demerara or Jamaica  13.00
London Dock   14.00
Privateer     14.50
Old Navy Rum, 35 over proof  16.00
BRANDIES   IN   BULK
Louis Renay  $11.00
Magnier  &  Co.*  11.50
Balzac & Co. ••♦  12.50
Luclen Foticald ***  11.00
Tlllac »•*   12.00
Roublliac  •••    13.00
Magnier's "*   13.50
Magnier's V. 0  14.00
Magnier's V. S. 0. P  15.50
Hennessey's •**   15.50
PORT AND  SHERRY  IN   BULK
Speciul Vintage Port $ 5.00
California Port     6.00
Feuerheerd'a  Portugese Port 6.50
Welse & [Crohn's Old Port    8.50
Taylor's Very Old  Port    9.50
Crofl's Imperial   10.50
California  Sherry     5.00 ,
Fuerheord'a Fine Old    6.00
Mackenzie's Sherry     7.00
l)h>z Amontillado   10.50
J. do FuentnH  Parlllo    8.00
PURE  GRAIN   ALCOHOL
ir.fi Proof
106 Proof
106 Proof
Per Gal.
 $15.00
imp. Quart
 $ 4.00
Ord. Quart
 $ 3.00
BEER AND STOUT
REMEMBER—Not Near Beer, Imitation or Temperance Beer, but Real Genuine Beer.
VANCOUVER, WESTMINSTER, NORTH and
SOUTH VANCOUVER and VICINITY
Delivered right to your home, all carriage nnd
delivery expenses paid
Hritish Columbia Export Heor	
Westminster Brewery Famous Premier Brand	
Vancouver Breweries, Limited, Famous Cream Stout. _	
Westminster Brewery—Extra Grade Britannia Beer. _	
Westminster llrcwery Export XXX Stout, brewed from Dublin Malt
Famous Cascade Beer—Vancouver Breweries' Best	
Special Cases
of 1 doz. (its,
$2,90
2.90
3.25
3.15
3.25
3.15
Speolal Cases   Barrels of
of 2 doz. pis.     Odoz.qts.
orlOdoz.pis.
$3.15
3.15
3.25
3.25
3.35
3.25
$13.75
13.75
14.60
14.50
14.60
14.50
CASCADE BEER
Express paid to any express station In British Columbia, or freight paid to any Northern Point.
Barrels of ten dozen pints $15.50        Coses of onc dozen quarts '    3,50
Barrels of six dozen quarts  16.50        Cases of two dozen pints    8.76
— WE SHIP YOUR GOOD8 THE SAME DAY ORDER IS RECEIVED;
Address orders and make payments to order of
Western Wine & Liquor Co.
(Solo Agonts for Andrew Usher ft Co., Edinburgh)
jas. d. witton CALGARY, ALBERTA bussei.l whitelaw
Vancouver Office: 562 Beatty Street      -      -       -       Phone Seymour 3810 PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY March 1, 1818 '
'"Suy Right and You'll Buy Less"
UNQUESTIONABLY,every Union Man wishes
to get the greatest value return from his
every dollar.
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Will give the largest return for your clothes money,
union men, because you are protected by the guarantee of satisfaction to the wearer under test of
wear. They have styles to suit every taste and to
fit men of any build.
$30.00, $35.00, $40.00, $45.00 and $50.00
Claman's Canadian Clothes
They represent good values at lower prices.   Made for us
exclusively
$20.00, $25.00, $27.50 and $30.00
LIMITED
153 HASTINGS ST.W,
THE ORIGINAL UNION OENTS' CLOTHING STOBE
MEN'S DEMANDS
Union Rate of Pay Is Conceded and 8-Hour Day
Is Decided Upon
The strike at loco is sottled, and it is
now definitely decided thut by today
all the men will have returned to work.
Mr. Victor R. Midgley, who brought
down that information this week, paid
several visits to tho oil works to talk
matters ovor with thc men. He reports
that the men have been conceded thc
greater part of the demands. They
have got thc eight-hour day for all tho
mechanics, and the union rato of pay,
as woll as timo and a half for overtime.
A 10 per cent, increase hns been
granted the men working on the stilla.
These men work 12 hours a day, and in
addition to the increased pay, they have
succeeded in securing onc day off in
eight with full pay. This was one of
the things that they specially asked for.
The others, as already stated, havo had
all their demands granted.
As a result of tho strike, a union,
known ns the Oil Refinery Workers, has
boon formod, and meetings will be hold
twice a month at loco. They have becomo affiliated   with   the   Trados and
Labor council, and have applied to tho
American Federation of Labor for their
charter. The union further decided to
subscribe in a body for The Federation
ist. All told, thero are between 150 and
200 members of the union, in fact every
man in the works has takon out his
card.
The strike at loco lasted about ten
days, daring which tho men were out
and work was entirely suspended. They
aro now returning to thoir work as
quickly as it is possible to do so, and it
is calculated that by today or tomorrow
at tho latest, all of them will be on the
job again, every man being reinstated
at tho earliest moment.
Tho officers of tho new union arc—
president, E. Singleton; secrotary, A
Smith; delegates to the Trades and
Labor council, the two already named,
along with W. Whitelaw.
INJURIES ARE SERIOUS
TO B. O. E. R. EMPLOYEE
Motorman O. Hague's Right Shoulder
Badly Torn In Fall From Jitney
Members of tho Street Railwayman's union
liavo hoard with regret of the accidont which
happened some days ago to Motorman C.
Hague, who was injured whon returning to
his car on Main stroot, after drinking at
a public fountain. Ho was taken to thc
hospital after tint occurrence and was afterwards sont homo. A further examination,
however, allowed thot tho injuries were more
serious than at Ilrst anticipated, and ho
was ngnin taken to tho hospital whoro it
was found that tho ligaments of his right
shoulder hnd been badly torn as a result of
tlio fnll from tho jitney which almost knocked
him down. Ho is now ngnin at his home
and the indications are that he will not he
able to return to work for at least another
month.
FURNITURE LOANS
SALARY LOANS
WE LOAN MONEY
On Furniture, Pianos, Autos—these remaining in your possession.   Ton
repay loans in easy weekly, monthly or quarterly payments.
To Salaried People from $6 to $100 on their own notes.
Private Offices,   Business Strictly Confidential;   Courteous Treatment
Loans closed immediately.   Open any evening by appointment.   If unable
to visit our offico phono and our representative will call and close loan
at your home.
Phoenix Investment Co.
BOOM 21, 413 OBANVILLE STBBBT
Phone Sey, 2696
B. C. F. of L. Special Committee Meets G. W. V. A.
Executive
Mutual Discussion of Problems Affecting Both
Organizations
Matters of peculiar interest to the
representatives of the trades and labor
organizations in thiB city and those of
the Groat War Veterans association are
boing given close attention by both organizations. The laBt meeting of theBe
representatives, which was held Monday
evening, helped to clear the air somewhat, and it is bolieved that out of
theBe proceedings will ariso a better understanding between the parties as to
tho position of the returned soldier from
an industrial point of view!
This meeting took place in the old
Empire Servico club, Hastings street
west, now the headquarters of the G,
\V. V. A., on Monday night. Thoso pre
sent included Snrgt. Walter Drinnan.
Corp. H. Lees, Corp. Paige, Fred Welsh,
Alex. Livingstone, R. Farm Pettipiece
and W. E. Trotter. Mr. Gordon J.
Kelly, chairman of tho B. C. F. of L.
committee, was unable to bo present.
An attentive hearing was given to the
soldiers' representatives by tho Labor
men and vice vcrsn, and at the conclusion of tho conference, it was stated
thnt the attitudo of tho representatives
of Labor was a sympathetic one. Lieut,
Johnston and Lieut. Foster of Shaugh-
ncssy hospital and vocational training
school, put thc case of the soldiers bofore those present. They reckoned that
10 per cent, of the mon who aro taking
vocational training at Shaughncssy will
havo to be taught new trades owing to
their physical defects. There are somo
cases whoro the men have, before the
war, got certain experience in a trade,
but they will bo unable to carry it on
owing to thoso defects, and it was pointed out that it might take some timo to
tran them in another craft.
What they wanted thc Labor mon to
do was to treat them in a sympathetic
way in dealing with the different cases
by granting them the privilege of being
ranked, for tho timo boing, as apprentices, nnd further thc fact that those
men have a pension should not militate
against them in tho matter of wages, or
that it should not be taken advantage
of by thc omployers.
As they gained in skill and became
moro proficient, it was suggested that,
their wnges should bo raised accordingly without reference in any respect to
their pensions so that thoy could not. be
exploited on account of this fact, and
their wnges kept down. The soldiers'
representatives recognized that certain
union regulations and rules might at
times have to be stretched a little, and
as far as they could soe, there would
not be at nny timo any great number to
bo provided for in any one trade.
Other questions discussed were mat
tors affecting demobilization. Thore
would bc a number of men seeking to
return to their trades in this province,
and it wos said that the men who wore
being sought to placo in positions
in British Cohrmbia wore men who bo-
longed to British Columbia prior to the
war, and that there would bo no attempt to bring in men for jobs who hod
enlisted from Ontario or any other province.
The representatives of Labor agreed
to tako all those matters under advise*
I ment, acting as they are in on advisory
The Final Clean-Up
280 pairs of Ladies'
Dress and Novelty,
Lace and Button
Boots, in all leathers.
Regular up to $12.00.
Saturdayand Monday
$6.85
400 pairs Men's Boots
in all leathers, with
twill and oak leather
lining, Neolin and
leather soles. Regular up to $11.00.
Saturdayand Monday
$6.65
Richardson's Shoe Store
THE HOME OF GOOD SHOES
649 HASTINGS STREET WEST
New Silk
Petticoats
Many fine lines are
available here now,
among which we specially direct attention
to the following:
AT $5.95 — A special
woven taffeta petticoat in
shades of saxe blue, cardinal, Paddy or white.
AT $7.50 — A special
woven taffeta petticoat
with accordeon pleated
and gathered frill, in gold,
purple, burgundy, navy,
cerise, saxe blue, Paddy or
white.
AT $9.50—New stripe
silk petticoats, frilled and
pin tucked. Very smart
and specially good wearing quality.
AT $10.50—Queen quality silk in attractive shot
effects in predominating
shades of green, gold, purple, brown or lavender.
575 Granoille <Phone Sey. 3540
AFFILIATE AGAIN
capacity. Much could bo done by cooperation, thoy stated, and thoir attitude on the whole was one of sympathy.
They promised to use thoir influenco to
seo that the wishes of the soldiers as
far as possible, wero carried out, and if
possible, complied with.
They pointed out, however, that while
thoy might do much to help the men,
still they did not own the jobs, and that
all they could do was to bring thoir influence to boar in theso matters. It was
stated that the Labor men wero willing
to taeet a committee to bo appointed
by tho Board of Trade, representing tho
mechanical industries of this city. This
joint committee will take all these matters into consideration, and it was
thought advisable that as thc individual
cases came up, they should be dealt
with by the joint committeo of the B.
C. Federation of Labor, the Board of
Trade and the G. W. V. A., who would
act as a joint advisory board.
MAKE  NOMINATIONS  FOR
INTERNATIONAL OFFICES
Voting Is Olose at Last Regular Meeting for International
Honors
Secretary Neelands of the Typographical
Union, No. 226, reportB that two travelling
cardB havo been received thiB week, one
from R. C. Fleming from San Francisco
and tho other from Qeorge Wood of Victoria,
At tho last mooting of the union two new
numbers were initiated: E. Radford into full
membership, and A. H. Baker into two-
thirds membership. Mr. O, Collier was elected a member of the executive to fill the vacancy caused by Mr. E. Ore having the
city.
Nominations were reccivod for tho positions of international officers at tho meeting held last Sunday, and resulted bb follows :
For vice-presld;nt—Marsden G. Scott, who
received 60 votes; E. W. Morcock, 81. First
vice-president—W. \V. Barrett, 68; F. G.
Terry, 24. Secretary-treasurer—J. W. Hays,
57; W. E. Merritt, 83. Board of auditors-
Fred Baker, 69; Philip Johnston, 10.
Delegates to the A. F. of L.—Frank Bonnington, 47; J. H. Ferguson, 11; Joe E.
Goodkey, 14; Max S. Hayes, 46; C. P.
Howard, 67; T. W. McCulIough, 42; Frank
Morrison, 83; Jas. W. Mullan, 87; T. C.
Parsons,  IS; Wm. Young,  18.
Trustees of Printers' Homo—Waller Ames,
36; W. E. Armstrong, 87; Malcolm A. Knock,
21; Win. Mounts, 28; E. F. Nichols, 24;
Wm. E. O'Leary, 29; Mike Powell, 78, and
H. Hennlck. 28.
Delegate to Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada—Samuel Hadden.
Agent to the Union Printers' Homo—Joe
M. Johnston.
I
Street Car Employees Once
More in Fold After
Two Years
One of the largest taeetinga of Division 101 of the Stroot Car Employees
union tok place on Wednesday night
in the Labor Temple. There was such
a record attendance that it was found
necessary to adjourn to the large audi-
toriuin which was filled to the doors.
This attendance showed tbo strength
of tbis division and the interost that
the members are taking in mattors affecting their standing. Business of con-
sidorablo importance was bofore tho
meoting which was conducted undor
tho presidoncy of Mr. Cottrell. Mr.
Hoovor is still absent in Portland and
was unablo to bo present.
For almost two yoars this division
has not boon affiliated with the B. C.
Federation of Labor and this question
wns discussed from all angles at tho
mooting on Wedneaday night. It was
eventually decided that tho division
should become re-affiliated with the
Federation and, it might be added that
this decision was practically unanimous.
The question of raising thc monthly
dues waB again before tho members and
it was agreod that these dues should
bo increased from $1 to $1.15 por
month.
There was a long discussion on the
swing-shift systom and a motion was
carried, according to tho statement
mndo by president Cottrell ycstord.,y,
that a committee of twelvo should bo
appointed to go into tho whole subject
and to bring forward such recommendation as they might deem ndvisnble so
that thoy can bo considered at the -hext
monthly meoting of the division. This
committeo will be as representative os
possible of all sections of tho division.
This question hns still to cohio beforo
the next afternoon meetiug.
ORGANIZED CULINARY
CRAFTS VERY ACTIVE
Business Agent Mackenzie Getting in Touch
With All Greater Vancouver
Unions
Business Agont Mackenzie of Local 28,
Cooks, Waiters aud Waitresses, reports a
record number of initiations for the month
of February. In addition to the campaign
for Increased membership, the culinary
crafts are appealing to all local unions to
stop patronizing non-union restaurants and
stick with those who stick with organized
Labor,
Tho official list of union euting-housos is
follows:
Bergman's cafo, 326 Abbott street; Del*
monico cafe, 704 Robson street, Allen's
cafe, 29 HastingB street west; Orpheum cafe,
762 Granvillo streot; Busy Bee cafo, 33 Cordova street; City Oyster and Chop House1,
226 Hastings street cast; Dominion cafe,
738 Main street; Empiro cafe, 76 Hastings
street cast; English Kitchen, 30 Hastings
stroet enst; Good Eats cafe, 110 Cordova
street west; London grill, 762 Hobson street;
Martin's Quick Lunch, 660 Cordova street
west; Oyster cafe, 300 Carroll street; Post
Olllce cafo, 724 Hastings street west; Wonder Lunch, 224 Carrall street; Vancouver
cafe, 300 blk. Main street; Creamery cafe,
301 Main street; Victoria Chop House, 290
Main street; Tho Only, 30 Hustings Btreet
west; Klondike cafo, 218 Carrall street; Star
Oyster House, 88 Hustings atreet east; Bridge
cafe, 2220 Gamble street; National cafe, 729
Pendor street west; B. C. Oyster House,
534 Ponder street west; London Chop House,
503 Ponder streot west; Hotel West, Car-
rail street.
!T
1 INTERESTED
Old  Kootenaians  in  New
Stamping Ground Still
Watching Events
STEWART, B. C., Feb. 22.—Permit
me, on behalf of the metalliferous
minera of thiB district, to congratulate
tho management of The Federationist
for the Bplendid fight yon are putting
up for the -working class. We are more
than pleased with the formation of the
Federated Labor Party. It ia the
greatest move yet made in B. O. to
bring all hands together politically.
From all appearances of everyday occurrences throughout the world today
it appeara to the writer that the B. O.
Labor movement Is moving up to tako
its placo in tho "big drive" to bo
made by our claaa in the near futuro.
We nro pleased to note tho return to
active service of so many old war-
horses in the Labor movoment of thia
provinco, such as Old Man Kingsley
and Fighting Jim Hawthornthwiate,
who surely have played their part in
educating the workers aa to what must
be done to get rid of class rule and
robbory. Nothing short of a complete
social revolution will jar loose tho
ghoulB who are fattening on the flesh
und blood of the workera of this nnd
every other country, with the possible
exception of Bussia.
Am sorry that the Atlin district is
not represented in the Federated Labor
Party, and that wo had no delegates
at the recent B. G. F. or L. convention
but wo will see that it is different nest
timo. Success to the now old move
mentl
Does the teamster who delivers your
coal, ice, groceries and other supplies
carry a union cardf   Ask to see itt
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of March 4
Willard Mack's latest
thriller—
"So Much for
So Much"
This will be its first production in Canada
DON'T MISS IT
Prices—15ct SOe, 40c
Some unknown party sends us a copy
of a proposed constitution for the
Leaguo of Nations. Wo move ita adoption.—Union Record, Seattle. Seconded.
Spring
SuitS and
Overcoats
New Arrivals
Daily at the
SHOP OF
"faalnott-GIraft"
Thos. Foster& Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
ORPHEUM
"I .Week of March 4th
BERT JESSIE
KALMAR and BROWN
THE  CORNER  STORE
FOSTER BALL
Tho wor](]*roilDwnod violinist
FRADKIN
Ajsistod liy MISS JOAN TELL, M*
prnno.
ALLAN SHAW
THE WEBEB  GIRLS
MARION HARRIS
Evenings:    15c,  30c,   40c,   55c,  SOo
Matinees: ICc, 20c, 30c, 55c
COLUMBIA
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND
SATURDAY
FOUR ACTS or VAUDEVILLE
—and—
BEST   FEATURE   PICTURES
Prices*—5c, 15c and 20c
PANTAGES
*m NEXT WEEK
THE LOWANDIES
"TOPSYTURVY EQUESTRIANS"
and six other Big Acta
AGREEABLE TO TAKE
SHARES IN TEMPLE
Teamsters and Chauffeurs Decide on a
Levy of $3 per Head to
Take Stock
Members of tlio TeamBters nnd ChaufFeurs'
union at thoir meeting last night in tho big
linll, Labor Tomplo, decided after bearing
a delegation nf the directors of tho Labor
Tomplo, to tnko ont threo share oach in the
Labor Tflmplo company. Por tbis purpose
it wun pointed out that it would bo necessnry for I'uch member to be subjected to
nn assessment of -f-l so tlmt tho total amount
might be subscribed for, about $2,000. Tbis
assessment will bo extended over throB
months nnil tho rnto of pnyment will be $1
por month so (but ths levy will not fall
heavily on tbo  members.
Wllflo thoro was n section of the local opposed to adoptlrtg this course, It was pointed
out ihn.1 il would bo in tho intorests not
only of the union but of Labor as a whols,
mid thnt nnything Hint tended to promote
the causo of Labor was something in which
lbe members should tnko n practlcn) interest. Xow thnt tho members hnve signified their willingness to fall Into lino with
other unions on this mattor, they linvo the
satisfaction of knowing that tbey nro, in n
wny, pnrtnorfl in a concern, whose influenco
is going to be felt in the nenr futuro.
Seeretary Itirt Showier announced that it
un:. Ihe intention of the union to bold n
whist drive, dunce nnd supper In Lester
Court on March 3D, nnd thnt tho nrrnnge-
ments for that nfTnlr had been pretty well
advanced. Tbis is the first social gathering
which tb' union has held and no effort Is
being spared tn mnke it tho biggest thing
of tho year in connection with «55. Early
application for tickets should bo made to tho
secretary.
The Big Union Sfyoe Store for Men
Grand Opening
Saturday, March 2
T^HIS OPENING marks a new era in thc conduct of thc Men's Shoe business in Vancouver—the same broad policies and thc same public service will mark its career
as has been carried out in our men's clothing and gents' furnishing business and made
Dick' stores known all over thc province and Dick' lines thc standard, both as to quality and price.
The Best Shoe Values at Reasonable Prices
Orthopedic Last
The Shoe for thc man who wants real
foot caBe, comes in black
viei kid	
$9.00
Extra Special
Men's  black  rubber  soles,  extra  good
quality calf boots; foot form last, high
toe; extra special for
Saturday. Per pair 	
A Real Dressy Shoe
In mahogany brown, white and red Neolin soles, best grade calf uppers, new re-
?W? $10.00
$5.50
The New Tony Red
This is the latest style and shade in shoes
for men—red rubber soles, new recede
toe, very flne calf top. An A A
Special JpO.UU
The Celebrated LECKIE Shoe
This is the famous Skokum brand working boot for men, oil tan grain, guaranteed all leather. A great ^"7 A A
working boot tip / .V/V
Leckie's Skokum Boot in black box skip,
extra heavy double sole and dj-Tf C A
nail soles «J) I .Ov/
The same in boys'. — tt t\f\
Sizes 41/2 to 51/2 -ipO.UU
Our Well-known Guarantee Will Prevail in Our Shoe Department
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
m@M£_M
The Home of Good Clothes
3345-4749 Hastings St. East
11

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