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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 22, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITT:  8TEBNOTH
OFFICIAL PAPEE:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 12
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 22, 1918
/la Vancoun»\       q»i
Olty. 12.01
Ujpifl:   VICTOBl
0 Plfo YEAR
D
Many Unions Are Enthused
Over Increasing Membership in Trade
Business Agents and Local
Secretaries Kept Busy
These Days
Bricklayers
BusinesB Ageut Dagnall of the Bricklayers' union reports a good meeting
with one initiation. The union is planning on larger headquarters, and iB expected to reaffirm the $7 a day wage
scale for this year.
Baken
President Leeworthy of the Bakers,
reports one new momber, and all men
working. The district organizer is expected for the next meeting, and all
members are asked to be in attendance
at the next meeting.
Butchers
Ten members were initiated at last
meeting, reports Business Agent Anderson of the Butcher Workmen. A special
meeting will be held April 2 to take
some action regarding firms not living
up to the wage scale agreement.
Saw Filers
The secretary of the Saw Filers union
reports eight new members admitted
and a Bplendid meeting. A committee
has been appointed to draw up a new
wage schedule with the object of obtaining more wages and a shorter work
day.
Boilermakers
Twenty new members were initiated
and many applications received at last
meeting, reports Business Agent Car-
raichnel of the Boilermakers. A splendid meeting was held and a long discussion held in connection with shipyard conditions.
Federated Labor Party
Organizer Hardy is buBy addressing
business meetings of local unions in the
Labor Temple in connection with the
Federated Labor Party. An avorage of
25 members per day is being obtained
around the Labor Temple. . A South
Vancouver mooting will be held in
municipal hall this (Friday) evening
Gas Workers
Secretary Martin of the Gas Workers
union reports two new members ad-
mittod and tho adoption of a new wage
scale at the last meeting. .Threo delegates wore appointed to attend the
Trades and Labor Council. They aro
W. Stafford, A. Watson and T. M. Mar
tin.
The Federationist
Have you handed your neighbor last
week's issuo of The Fodoratiouist? If
you overlooked tlio mattor try to remember to get this issuo into the hands
of friends. It helps to kill the prejudice against organizod Labor. Organized Labor must get its side before
those who are not organized.
Steam and Operating Engineers
Favorable action is expected on tho
eight-hour-day amendment for stationary engineers in tho province, reports
Business Agent Alexander. The amendment is now in the hands of the house
committeo and two members of Local
No. 620 aro in Victoria with the committeo for the legislation.
Molders
Five new members were admitted at
the last meeting, reports Secretary W.
L. Thompson of the Molders union. The
employers flnd it hard to keep men because tho pay ib lower here than in
other cities. G. G. McGeer, elected
from Richmond riding, to tho provincial
parliament, on the Liberal ticket, is a
member of this union.
Bookbinders
The Bookbinders bave successfully
negotiated a new wage agreement, says
President Willowby. One new member
was initiated at last meeting and all
members arc reported working. Elec
tion of officers resulted as follows:
President, Robt. Willowby; financial
socrotary, W. H. Cowdroy, and record
ing secrotary, W, Bushman.
Teamsters
BusinesB Agent Bert Showier of the
TeumstorB' union says thc membership
is all "agog" with excitement over the
coming whist drive and dance, to be
held at Lestor Court, March 29. Twenty
two now members were initiated and a
supriso was sprung on tho union, tho
gist of which will bo givon to Tho Fedorationist at some future date. All
members working.
Blacksmiths
Five new members woro admitted nt
laBt meeting, reports Secretary Porter
of tho Blacksmiths. Business Agent
Fielding of Seattle, addressed the meoting, and the local decided to put a
business agent of its own in the field.
A district council will also be formed to
cover the Victoria and Vancouver territory. Tho union voted in favor of the
now B. C. F. of L. per capita tax.
Machinists No. 720
Ten new members wore admitted at
last meeting, roports Secretary Youngish of the Machinists, Local No. 720.
Tho shop committeo reports all shops
signed up with tho exception of tho
Dixon Motor Co., Universal Motor Co.,
Gray-Dort Motor Co., and tho Hoffmeis-
ter BroB. Eighty per cent, of the Ford
'mechanics receive less pay than streot
sweopors, hence tho desiro for higher
wagos.
Street Railwaymen
Business Agent Hoover reportB that
one of tho members of the Streot Railwaymen's union, William Murray, has
suffered the loss of his daughter, Eula
Murray, aged 14, who diod Tuesduy of
pneumonia. She wns buried from the
family residence, 3381 Victoria drive,
Thursday. Tho officers und mombcrs of
tho Stroet and Electric Railway Em
ployees' union, havo extended thoir con
dolcncc to Bro. Murray and his family.
FISH MAT BB OHEAP
FOB A YEAR OR TWO
Olty Council and Fish Oompany Agree
to Seduce Oost of Living
Vuncouvcrit'jfl are going to be shown
that the co^af living can be reduced
materially w£ft the powers that be see
fit to get togPDer on tho subject. The
wators arounj**oro teem with tremen-
douB numbers^jfcftsh, and it has always
seemed pocufr'fS that the consumer
should pay swig, high prices for this
product. But tftyill goes well and no
joker turns uf'.jt somo future date,
VnncouveriteB l.:i bo able to obtain a
variety of fiBh &n*om two to five cents
a pound less than what they have been
paying-
An agreement ib boing drawn up
whoreby tho Deflanco Packing Co. will
soil flsh at the Gore avenue fish wharf
at wholesale prices to citizens of Vancouver. The second party to this agreement is the city council. The council
will ropair a city wharf at a coBt of
about (7500, and will receive $275 a
month rental from the Defiance Fish Co.
for use of same. The fish company
will, in return for this expenditure, on
the part of the city, sell flsh to the
genoral publie at wholesale prices, providing of course, that there is no joker
in the agreement.
The agreement will run for a term
of five years, and at the end of that
time if the general public has not got
wise to itself, they will revert back to
tho old system of paying through the
nose for flsh, juBt aB they do for everything else.
Convention Will Circularize
Valuable Information
to Firemen
Georgo J. Richardson, secretary of
the local Firemen's union, has returned
to the city from attending the convention of the International Association of
Fire Fighters, hold at Washington, D.
C. Mr. Richardson was elected vice-
president of tho International Association to represent tho Western Canada
district, an offico which his fellow firemen hero are satisfied he will ably fill.
Mr. Richardson introduced a resolution calling for a programme of state
fire insuranco, which was unanimously
adopted by the convention.
Commenting on the convention, Mr.
Richardson declared that it had beon
a big succoss. Over fifty cities sent
delegates. Various discussions of interost to firemen, new methods of fighting
fires and handling big conflagrations
woro oxpluincd and fire prevention was
argued.
On his homeward wny Mr. Richardson stopped at different Canadian cities
and investigated tho conditions of thc
fire departments, bringing back with
hinj valuable information regarding the
methods adopted in eastern centres.
All tho locals interviewed will affi
Hate with tho International organization, and firefighters in many unorgn. '
zed cities have signified thoir intention
of organizing. Toronto, with ovor 300
mon, is nlroady being organized, and
the prospects of having a hundred per
eent. organization in Canada looks good.
Minimum Wage League
Tho Minimum Wago Leaguo held a
successful whist drive and danco last
Friday in the Labor Tomple. It would
have been a bigger success bat for two
things, sayB MisB Gutteridge. Ono was
n heavy downpour of rain and the other
was the lack of the labol on the union-
printed tickets. Several membors of
organized Labor refused to purchase
tickets on this account. Mr. Geo.
Thomas of tho Longshoremen's union
won tho gontlemon's flrst prize and
Miss Mary Whitelaw won the ladies!
flrst prize.
Warehousemen
Several new members were admitted
at the last meeting of the Warehousemen, reports Secretary Bert Showier.
Ten dollars wbb donated to the B. C. F.
of L. campaign fund. There will be
no meeting on thc 29th as the members
are all going to attend the Teamsters'
danco. Officers will bo nominated at
the next meeting and elected at ihe
mooting on the First Fridny in April.
Tho Warehousemen aro going to elect
a business ngent to attend to their business. A committeo has been appointed
to have a dress button, mado locally,
for the membership.
Q Don't kick about thc increased cost
of living. The Fluvellcs need the
monoy.
ADVERTISING RATES
INCREASED ON APRIL 5
Because of increased circulation nnd
cost of production The Federfttlonist ban
heen compelled to issue n new advertising rato card, effective on nnd after
April 5. as follow*:
Contract Advertising
Rate Card
EFFECTIVE APRIL 6,  1018
1 Inch—H lines—per   einglo   cul-
umn inch, per issuo  $1.26
2 inched—28 lines—per slnglO'Col-
umn inch, pur issuo   1-00
il InchcB—42 lines—por singlo column inch, per issue  90
4 inches—5(1 HnaB—per singlo column Inch, per fsfuo  80
5 to 10 inches—per single column
inch, per issue •'• "»
10 to 20 Inches—per ringlo column
inch, per Issuo  70
20 to 40 Inches, per single column
inch, per Issue 60
40 to 150 inches—per singlo column inch, per issuo  60
Trado Union Directory Cards—per
issus  60
For proferrorl position, including hack
pnge, 20 per cent, additional to above.
Readers, 20 conts por rending Hue,
double count for black headings.
Legal advertising, 12 cents per line for
flrst insertion, 8 cents for additional Insertions.
Transient display advertising, 10 centB
per lino ($1.40 p?r inch) per issuo.
It.   PARM.   PETTIPIECK,
Manager.
Labor Member Makes Valuable Suggestion to the
Government
Returned Soldiers' Repatri-
tion Is Discussed By
Labor Member
VICTORIA, March 21.—The only
really big, broad suggestion us to a settlement of returned soldiers on the land
that has come before tho legislature was
by JumeB H. Hawthornthwaite, the
Labor member, who desired that the
Pacific Groat Eastern railway, which
the government has become owner of
through force of circumstances, be used
in connection with a settlement schemo.
The suggestion might have received
some favorable attention from government members, who are in a quandry on
tho subject, had it been within their
comprehension. When Mr. Hawthornthwaite mentioned that $125,000,000 was
not too much for this government to
spend on a programme for extensin of
the railway, and tho repatriation of the
men who have been fighting in European countries, the government members were literally astounded. It is
judged, from the surprised look on sumo
of the countenances of the members on
the government side of tho houso that,
having boen figuring on spending some
few thousands for the assistance of the
returned men, they could not at first
grasp tho figures montionod by tho
Labor member.
Whilo Mr. Hawthornthwaite did not
proceed to detail hiB treatment of the
subject, which admittedly has the government guessing, he said enough to
disclose the fact that he has devoted
much time to studying the subject from
the one angle—the best interests of tho
roturned mon. Of tho estimated 10 per
cont. of returned soldiors who will care
to go on land (this iB the percentage
suggested by the returned soldiers themselves), they will bo men who desire
the free outdoors, and nlong the Pacific
Groat Eastern railway aro fine stretches
of agricultural laud, capable of producing about everything indigenous to Brit-
tish Columbia soil, according to experts.
Tho railway would supply transportation which, df the government endeavors
to place returned mon in other sections
of the provinco, they will not have so
handy. Of course, there is a scheme to
buy improved farmB for returned men,
but, undor this scheme, it i8 doubtful
if the proposition would work out so
that oach man who desires to go on
land, would get little moro than a small
block, where tho possibilities would be
but limited at bost. The P. G. E. was
originally projected as n colonization
line, and what better "colonists" tlmn
the mon who have boon across tho
water fighting? They would not use up
tho whole of the nrnble land along the
P. G. E, by any means, but tho government, by taking tho line ovor, cnn oas-
ily obtain enough suitable land for
many moro returned soldiers than originated in this province. The governmont could ,if it desired, prepare tho
plnces to a large extent for the returned mon, and the work of extending the
lino should bo done by returned soldiors. Those of them who so desired,
Mr. Hawthornthwnite told the legislature, could bo quartered in big communities, with all advantages, on 100,-
000-acrc tracts. It was his opinion, giving tho returned soldior a mere $2500
as tho Dominion government proposes,
would bo a waste of monoy. It would
bo bettor to givo this province $75,-
000,000 to assist in tho project. Much
has been said about tho "war work"
of the university, and this Mr, Hawthornthwaite called "nonsense." It
would be foolish to put returned soldiers on 160-acre lots and isolate them.
He pointed out that half of *thc female
population of insnne asylums in this
province are wives of homesteaders,
whose minds wero deranged by isolation
nnd solitude.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite wns pleased
with the P. G. E. deal, for thc renson
that it meant government ownership.
He advocated the taking over of can-
norios and sawmills also to reduce the
cost of living. Tho P. G. E. should be
continued to link up with the Americnn
ruilway system in Alaska, by-extension
through thc Cassinr and Atlin districts.
Incidentally, In the course of his remarks, Mr. Hawthornthwaite told the
other members, government und opposition, thnt the general public wus sick
of their bickerings and desired that
the futuro be taken hold of boldly. As
to the governmont, he said if it went to
tho country tomorrow it would bo swept
out/of existence for sins not ho much
of commission as omission.
JOHN MtiXNIS
Vice-president of tho Federated Labor Party
for tho Fort Georgo district, who haB lust
succeeded In organising a local at Princo
George—"Jack" Mclnnis served a term
in the provincial legislature as the socialist member for Grand Forks, and gave
"Billy" Robs the fight of his life fn the
Fort George content at the last general
elections. No power on earth can prevent
his election bb Labor's choice at the next
.election.
B.C. HAS TOO
I
fi
APPEAL
Refuses to Protest the Non-
Exemption of A. Goodwin
From Military Duty
Compensation Board Says
No Necessity for Unguarded Equipment
Mr. Hugh D. Gilmour, speaking before the British Columbia Manufacturers' association, expressed his opinion
that there were too many accidents in
British Columbia last year. Mr. Gilmour, who is a member of tho Workmen's Compensation board, said:
"Thero were a number of accidents
last year which shouldn't havo happened. There wore forty-two gear acci-
donts which cost you over $0000, Thore
is no necessity for men to be caught in
gear, for thoro is no gearing which
can't be covered. If the guard is taken
off tho superintendent should seo that
it is put back, and tho man who will not
look after his plant should be penalized."
Tho lack of guards on shafting led
to accidents costing ovor '$12,000 last
year, he added, and flimsy scaffolding
waB responsible for 305 accidents, costing $28,000. Compensation amounting
to over $13,000 was paid out from accidents in connection with unguarded
shinglo machinery,',while eyo cases ran
to over $17,000.
Mr. Winn, another raembor of tho
board, said tho board had to deal with
75,000 workmen, 6000 employers, 400
doctors and 150 dentists.
When one considers thnt 55,000 men
and womon in the province ure unorganized, it seems natural that there aro
so mnny accidents.
Organized workors are in the habit of
appointing committeo to recommend improvements, and in nino ensos out of
ten, the improvements are made, or the
workers want to know tho roason why.
The board recommends these committees, but what is the uso of recommending tho formation of committees among
unorganized workers? Employers arc
in the habit of trampling all over employees who have not sufficient pluck
in them to get organized into a union,
that not only looks out for the life and
limb of tho worker, but wages ns well.
Tho unorganized workors aro getting
the benefit of the Compensation Act,
thnt was demanded and forcod into being by organized labor.
Union Official Seeks Exemption on Score of His
Official Capacity
The appeal of A. Goodwin that the
TradeB and Labor Council endorse his
appeal to Ottawa for exemption from
military duty on the claim of hiB official labor duties, was not favored by
the couneil at its meeting last night.
A motion, that the council endorse the
appeal, was defeated, and Bro. Goodwin's letter was filed. In speaking to
tho motion, Del. Kavanagh said Bro.
Goodwin belonged to the socialist movement, and therefore was supposed to
be a revolutionist. If he did not know
what to do there was something wrong
with his "revolution." His appeal, in
Del. Kavanagh's opinion, should not
have been made to organized Labor,
but he should take bis medicine. Del.
Thomas agreed, saying Bro. Goodwin's
letter sounded to him more like a
"squeal" than an appeal. There were
circumstances in Goodwin's case, however, which should be pointed out to
the public. While in Trail as treasurer
of the Smeltermen's union, ho had been
placed first in class " B " but when the
strike took place he was recalled for
medical examination and placed in class
"A." Del. Kavanagh said ho belonged
to the same revolutionary organization
as did Goodwin, which was the reason
he was against hiB appeal. Had Goodwin appealed that he had been double-
crossed as a member of organized Labor
thore might bo some grounds for the
council adding its voice to Goodwin's
appeal to Mr. Justice Duff, the central appeal court.
Several delegates reported that their
organizations had passed resolutions
protesting aguinst the provinical poll-
tax.
A delegate brought to tho attention
of tho council the fact that the raising
SOUTH VANCOUVER MEET-
INO OF F. I. P. TONIGHT
Several Local Speakers WIU Address
.   Meeting and Officers WUl Be
Elected for Branch
An organization meeting of the Federated Labor Party will be held in
Municipal hall this (Friday) evening.
Workers living in South Vancouver are
urged to attend this meeting and become active workors in furthering thc
work of the party.
At the meeting this evening Vice-
president R. H, Neelands will occupy
the chair and several local speakers
will give short addresso, after which a
branch will bo formed and tho necessary officers elected.
BRITISH LABOR VOICES
PROTEST AGAINST CHINESE
Thinks Chines* Labor WiU Ba a Oran
Menace to Social Progreu t
, in England
HUDDKR8PIKLD, England. — Imported
Chinese labor pat to work at Plymouth hu
caused tbe HuddersfUld combined Labor
movement, representing every section of
working class activity to protest against
"the introduction of Chinese labor Into Plymouth, and into England, and calls npon the
government to at once withdraw this obnoxious class of labor from ths British labor
market. We consider it to be a grave menace to the future social progress of thia country, and feel that it is best to leave the yellow race to work ont Us own salvation in
its own country, and in lta own way."
OF
J
Several Unions Affiliate to
Help One Another in
Labor Dispute
Delegates from the Longshoremen's
union, Longshoremen's Auxiliary,
Teamsters' union, Seamen's union,
Firemen and Oilers* union, and Fishermen 'b union, met in Labor Temple last
Sunday and formed what iB to be known
as tho Transport Workers' Fedoration
of British Columbia. The federation
is for tho mutual welfare of all the
unions named and others that may join
from time to timo. It will be the means
of enabling thoso engaged in transport
work disputes to obtain the backing
Civilian and Soldier Problems Will Have to Be
Solved by Labor
■IJ By all means let the daily press
hammer tho wage-worker who dares demand sufficient wages to keep n family
decently. Never for a moment think of
the profiteering ghouls who are simply
wallowing in loot and luxury.
cision of the IT. 8. board, npply the
incrense in British Columbia yards. The
latter held to its contention the increnso
wns not considered part of the adjustment board's award. Thc men so considered it, and wero about to have a
general strike when the -conciliation
commission was agreed upon. The hearing bus been going on for several days,
and much information has result-oil. Tho
hearing may be transferred to Vnncouver next week. Thus fnr the men ap
pear to have mado out a good case,
nnd R. I*. Butchart, representative of
the Imperial Munitions Board, not such
a good one.
Hearing: Before Conciliation
Board in Victoria Looks
Good for the Men
VICTORIA, March 21.—Thc shipyard workors, in tho hearing before
thc conciliation board of Judge Murphy, chairman; Gordon J. Kelly, presidont of tho Vancouvor Trades and Labor Council, nnd John Tonkin of tlio
Imperial Munitions Board, apparently
havo made good their contention thnt
tho 10 por cent, wago increnso granted
in thc United States yards ilrst as a
"war premium" and then made n per
mnnont incrense, was pnrt of the award
of thc U, S. wage adjustment bourd.
The men nsked, when this 10 per cent,
incronse was mnde permanent nnd a
part of the adjustment board's award,
that the Imperial Munitions Board,
which hud agreed to abide by the do-
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, March 24— Saw Filers
Association.
MONDAY, March 25—Amalgamated Engineers, Boilermakers,
Stcnm Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Pattern Makors, Iron
Workers, U, B. Carpenters No.
(117, Stroet Railway men'a executive.
TUESDAY, March 26—Bnrbers,
.■Upholsterers, Machinists No.
777, Amalgamated Cnrpontors.
WEDNESDAY, March 27—Melnl
Trades Council, Street. Railwaymen, CookB, Wn iters and
Waitrcssos (0 p.m.), Teamsters
and Chauffeurs,
THURSDAY, March 28—SheM
Metal Workers, Painters, Machinists No. 182, Shipwrights
nnd Caulkers.
FRIDAY, Mnrch 20—Warehousemen, Uile Drivers and Wooden
Brldgebulldors. Teamsters and
ChnufTetirs whist drive and
danco (Lester Court).
SATURDAY, March 30—Pross
Feeders whist drive and dunce.
iui. wllllv,ii lllu itl(1 LUUl ltlu tlllD.„ and support of all unions affiliated with
of Tents" was1 working a^ooldod'lhar?-1 tho federation. It is practically a new
ship on the wives of soldiers at tho weapon that ean be used in the future
fr0nt, | to enable tho workerB to obtain their
Reporting for the deputation which
had interviewed tho govornment in
favor of a law pensioning mothers, Miss
Helena Gutteridge said there was little
chance for tbis at present, but it' might
come later, Premier Oliver having been
quito frank in saying that the treasury
whon tho governmont took ofllce was'
found to bo depleted, thnt tho nocessity
of having to incrcaso taxation had cost
tho governmont the byc-eloctions, and
that it would expect support from those
favoring mothers' pensions if other
elections enmo on. From wliich tin
delegate gathered that a mothers' pon
sion law might be expected about tho
time for tho next olection.
Tho Now Weatminster Tradea and Labor
Council wroto to ask for information if tiny-
thin*; wns boing done about Shelly Bros.,
who were reported to bo opposing organizntion of thoir linkers. Tho executive supplied
the desired information.
Unions roported having undorsed tho proposal for the abolition of the poll tax nnd
clniiKc (i nf the proposed amendment to the
Schools Act. Letters wero rocoivod also
from Mrs, Halph Kurilh, M.Ij.A.; Attorney
goncral Farris und Provincinl Seeretary McLean,  on this subject.
A latter from A. Ooodwin, Cumberland,
re Iris exemption claim, was received, saying
if thero wus sufficient protest from tho Lubor
movement against conscription of an official
of the union, he thought it would have tho
desired ..fleet. It wus laid over to new
business.
A letter written by a man named Sponcer
protesting against conscription wus rend and
flled.
Tho council declined the offer of 200 shares
gratis in the Canadian Labor Press published at Ottawa, which was said to appear
to bo a government organ, and was not for
tho working class as it purported to bo.
Business Agent Midgloy reported as to
bis activities with now locals and prospective organ illations, llo is trying to arrange
a meeting with tho school trustees to discuss
conditions of labor amongst the janitors,
some of whom nro permitted to farm out
the labor which results iu considerable of
the work being done on a sweatshop principle.
A report of the committee which bad met
the bourd of trude committee to discuss tbe
supply of labor, was mude by the business
agent. Bro. Kavunuugh wanted lo know if
ib' committee agreed to the resolution fur
100 per cent, production und what it meant
The business agent replied lhat tho com*
mitteo had agreed and understood it meant
tbe full production of foodstuffa. Del. Kavanagh said it was tantaiuout to admitting
labor wus not producing up ta Mpaclty,
therefor; the committee hud been "bam-
boogied." Del. Air Vety pointed out that
Del. Knvanngh was laboring under a mlsap-
lirehetision, the discussion had been on the
shortage of lnbor.
Del. Miss Gutteridge reported for tho com
mittee that hud gone to Victoria to take
up the subject of a law to pension mothers,
A complaint was made by SecreLary Mackenzie of the Cooks and Walter* that some
union mon wero patronizing a Chinese-owned
restaurant and urged business agents to take
the matter up with all their tmiona. Del.
Knvanngh suggested the Chinese should also
bo organized.
Carpentors  reported  the B.  C.  E.  It.  W
doing   somo   new   work   al   Point   Orey   mi
stntion   with   non-union   labor.     Also  that
job being done at the Good Kats cafe was
not  by  union   carpenters.
Auto mechanics' delegates reported that at
the timo of organizing the union some of
;the Ford employees were getting only 60
per cont. of stroot sweepsrs" wages.
Othor locals reported favorably as to progress being made.
Thnt the rnising of rents of Ute is working a hardship nn wives of soldiers, was reported .to th? council.
The subject of the failure of The Kedera-
tionist lo publish n statement re the Dick
stnreu. of lbe Retail Clerks, was brought Up
and a wut ion by Del. Kavanagh was offered
demanded an explanation from the manager.
Business Agent Midgley snid the editor had
Inld hits of Ihe statement nnd that Dick
bnd agreed tn unionize his store. Tbe business agent Agreed thnt the statement should
be held np Mil the retail clerks iu the store
could be signed up. Ue found the trouble
wns not with tha employer in this case but
with the clerks who said they were getting
more money thaw other clerks anyway. Jle
believed tbe HCtlon of the editor was correct
for ther? was time enough to publish the
diatom fit! t if the store was unfair. The editor bad acted in good fnilh. Ihe business
ngent said, and lie did not believe there was
anything unfair in th« attitude of th • paper,
Del.  Dodds  moved  an  amondinent  Hint  n
CI litt e   bo   appointed   to   investigate    Hie
Whole situation. This was not seconded
and Ihe original motion carried.
The following new delegntse were obli-
git tod:
Oil Refiners—K. T. Watson, V. Palmer.
Stationary Firemen—W, Stafford, A. Watson, T. M, Martin.
Hallway Employees—Pronk Graham,
Marine 1'Jremcn—T. Bridle, John Wright,
demands with, less friction than pre
viouBly. Atf unions affiliated witb the
federation will look upon an injury to
one as an injury to all.
Threo delegates from each affiliated
union will form thc fedoration. At the
meeting held last Sunday the following
officers were elected for one term: Gordon J. Kelly, president; Hardy, vice-
president and Bert Showier, secretary
treasurer.
Affiliated unions contemplating any
action will pluce it beforo the federation for endorsement and if endorsed
will receive tlio active support of the
entire federation.
Paragraphs at Random
All tender." received by city council
for city printing were from union shops.
The civic employees of Vietoria have
ntorcd tho runks of organized Labor.
Commercial telegraphers employed by
tho 0. P. B. huve demunded a 25 per
cent, increase,
All the royal mail wagon drivers of
tho city hnve joined tho Teamsters and
Chauffeurs' union,
"Can nil you can," says thc fond
iontroller,   By thc next election there
will  be n  whole  lot. of  cunning done
thut is not bargained for.   The F. L,
movement will do the canning.
Board is being raised in the construe-
rm and lumber camps from 90 cents
day to $1.10. Wonder if the slnves
ure being fed bucon?
Ask for the union label nnd look for
the union curd whon doing yonr shopping.   Got the habit.
A campaign is now on for an "egg-
less" Easter. A "-jobless" slnvo with
n "heartless" sigh, yells "rats."
News has just littered through that more
than 4,000 unionists of Hnmilton, Ohio,
struck early in .January and tied up the
rlty In protest against the i in prison mo nt
of 8-t workers who were charged with complicity in riots during strikes last September. The strike Insted five dnys, nt the
end of which time the men imprisoned >
released
1).  Hiuley.  J,  Butler,  W.  Allen.
Blacksmiths—M,  Yntes,  J,   Smith.
Freight Handlers—James dale.
I'ile Drivers—I).   MflKonilu.
i'iiiled  Warehousemen—J,  Shaw.
Teamsters—S.  Stono,
Shipyurd  Laborers—-W.  Hardy,  fl.  Kilpnt
rick, W. Tompkins. J, Sully,  M.  I'belps.
officers or the federated
LABOB PARTY
President—Gordon
Kelly,
Secretary—W. It. Trotter, Labor
Tftmjde, Vnncouver.
Treasurer—Miss Helena Gutteridge, Lu-bor Temple, Vancouver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Weslwell, Smith Wellington; Vancouver, K. T. Kingsley, It. H. Neelands; Now Westminster, W,
Yutes; Priu.ee Rupert, Goo. B.
Cusey; Wost Kootenay (north),
II, Kempster, Itevelstoko; West
Kootenay (soul*), F. Pezerill, Nel-
son; Crows Nest Puss, H. Heard,
Michel; Boundary, Jbr. Roberts,
(ViJiern, HlmilkaiiAon, W. Smith,
H'dley.
THB PKDEUATKD LABOR
PARTY is organised for the purpose of securing industrinl legislation, flnd fnr the collective ownership and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
The membership fee is fixed at
fl per year, SO cents of which
goes lo the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of general organization work.
The membership roll is open in
each electoral district and all persons aro Invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organisation,
Apply lo tho vice-president of
your district for further Information.
Intense Interest in F.L.P. Is
Permeating Whole
Province
J. H, Hawthornthwaite was right
when he said that the people of the
province were sick and tired of thev
political bickerings and picayune ideas
of the old political parties. One bunch
of pie-card artists is eaught in a -trap
by railroad promoters, and another
bunch will get further into it in attempting to unscramble the eggs. They
are certainly a poor gang with a bunch
of petty ideas. They, and the Dominion
and British government, are trying to
solve the returned soldier problem, but
if the returned soldier ever thinks the
problem will be solved to hiB satisfaction by such a gang, he will be greatly
mistaken.
How many returned soldiers of previous wars ever got a square deal or were
kept off the bread linef AU they re*
ceived was a few crumbs that were
handed out with a blush. The great
majority of'returned soldiers from the
present conflict are practically incapable of doing a standard day's work,
like they used to. And there is no rea-
son why they should have to grind out
eight, ten and twelve hours a day, immediately after eoming out of the
trenchcB in which they were fighting
for democracy and a whole lot of other
things that thoy knew nothing about.
Only last week, a returned soldier,
who is working in the shipyards, faint*
ed while at a business meeting of his
union.   Trench gas no doubt nas got
into the mun's systom, and may yet be
the cajso of his death or the death of
others in an accident.   And how many
more arc in the same predicament!   Is
there any reason in the world why these
men, who as yet are practically unfit
for work, and may be for some years,
should be compelled to keep pace with
the industrial machine!   Nol   No reason nt all, so long as the warehouses
are stocked high with goods and real es*
tuto sharks and food gamblers take Ufe
easy on  the procoeds  wrung  from a
working class.   It is not suggested that
these   warehouses   bo   raided.     That
would but Bolve the problem for a day.
What is wuntcd is to Bolve the problem
for nil tmc.    And J. H. Hawthornthwnite is thc vaDguurd of the party now
busily engaged in attacking the breastworks of thc gang who havo robbed
nnd ruled for these mnny centuries.
There will bo no settlement of the
■solders' problem, or to the problem
of poverty, crime, prostitution, child
slnvery, murder, suicide, sickness and
the many other evils of the present system, until such time as the workers, tlio
uset'jl members of society, those who
aloito produce the food, clothing and
shelter for the whole population, own
and control the mills, mines, factories,
land' and railroads of this and every
country.
All the misery and poverty of todny
springs froln tlio capitalist ownership of
the means of wealth production. And
it can be proved conclusively thut the
collective ownership of the means of
wealth production is absolutely tho only
thing, programme or mothod thnt will
settle all problems of the ttbovc nature
for all time.
The Federated Labor Party is organized for this purpose, and soldier
and civilian, mnn and womnn, laborer
or mechanic, pen-pusher or policeman,
black race or yellow race, protestant or
atheist, nil are welcome within its
runks, one for nil nnd all for each.
Local at Prince Oeorge
John Mclnnis, who served one term
in the provincial house as a socialist,
sends word from Princo George thnt
a locul of the P, L. P. hus been formed
in that city. Twenty-five members
were enrolled and they all thought tho
lime opportune for concerted action by
Labor.
William Pell, in a later letter, reports the next meeting will bo held
March .'») und thai ('has. W. Mooro was
unanimously elected chairman and William Bodd financial secretary of tho
local. Me Huyw "tho harvest is ripe
and tho laborers are many In this northern country for such it purty as has
beon orgunized.''
Word From Terrace
,T, M. McUrcn, Terrace, B. 0., sends
41(1 worth of subs., for the Federationist nnd asks for a buneh of application
blanks so thnt a local of the F. L. P,
can be orgunized there.
Provincial-wide Notes
W. G. Coleman of Shawiiingnn, B. 0.,
hits interested u number of his neighbors in thc F. L, P. and asks for a
number of application blanks which
have been duly forwarded.
I. A. Austin, Nelson, says the local
is growing steadily. Quite a number of
women have joined up• recently.
The following officers were eloctel by
Niinuimu locul: Con. lloyl, presidont;
II. Davey, vice-president; W, Newton,
recording secretary J Mutt Christy, fin-
uncial secretary; T. Jordan, treasurer.
Dr. W, J. Curry addressed n fair-sized
audience lust Sunday.
Walter Head has been elected president nnd It Brooks secretary of local
Mouth Wellington. Members arc still
boinff enrolled.
LONDON—Further particulars "re at hand!
respecting the New Zoaland coniclontloua ob-
joctOM- In whom tafMOtiCfl was made recently in those columns, Of the 14 that were
embarked (or England with the 88th Now
Zealand reinforcements, to which Ihey were
deemed lo li < ntlaeheil. three of them, San-
dorBOn of North Wniron. and two Master
brothers <>f Otftgo, were put oft the ship at
Cape Town, an they were ton 111 lo lte taken
further, The rest were lak.-n to Sling camp,
Halinlniry,   where  they  remained  in  irons  in
tho guardroom for several weeks.   Bight -t
lliem have now lu'en sent ov?r to Franco.
Most of them went over handenffed, and
therefore Mill  resisting. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY March 22, 1918
OUR OVERALL
Will Cover Any Garment
of Comparative
Waist Measure
Made of Stifel Stripe Denim—250 heavyweight blue
anjl black Dominion Textile Denim; sewn on high-
powered machine, with interlocked stitch; made
with continuous fly and side piece, and the roomiest
working garment made. Worth $2.25 any
place.   The Hudson's Bay special	
$1.95
M (ThpBudson'sBauCompaiu;
ICOHFOHATio     H" H1B81RT
Granville and Georgia Streets
' 'I'm afraid it will cost too much''
—does that thought come when you think of visiting a Dentist?
JUST COME und havo a talk with me nbout your teeth. Let me examine them—I'll tell you just what can be done for them and how I
would go about it. I'll explain the various kinds of work, illustrating
how it may be dono bo as to practically defy detection.
Then I'll give you an estimate on the cost of attending to your teeth
along the lines you wish?   Wouldn't it pay you to learn this?
Phone Seymour 3331 and make an appointment with me.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Daily
X-Bay Alms token tt necei-
itry;    10-year   goanntoii
StTMk
PHOTO SET. 8881
Bumlnatloni   made   on
phone appointments.
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THI
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THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office: Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands,
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing.    The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
i
If you want1 to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great EasternsRailway
WELTON BLOCK    -    VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQCIPMENT-COUETEorfs ATTENDANTS—
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DISTRICT PASSENOEE AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVER
Telephone Stymour 2489
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A PURE HALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout ,
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFIT.
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
-- [By J. B.] -^ =~==_____
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
When Knighthood Was in Flower    ♦that it is "sweet and proper" to die
When knighthood was in flower, a
knight had to win his spurs, and knighthood meant something and was worth
something.
The kind of knighthood that is flowering now is rather overblown, or even
gone to seed.
In England, new-baked knights have
long been un object of ridicule. People
who respect themselves often do them-
solvos the honor of refusing tlio proffered knighthood thinking their honorable name would not bc improved by
such a handle.
Modern knighthood is too easy. Any
one is liable to be njuiight if he can't
got out of tho way quick onough,
When (Jueon Victoria went to a certain town to unveil a statue of Princo
Albert, she knighted thu man who happened to be mayor that year.
Tho queen nover heard of him bofore,
ami neither did any ono else. He juat
happened to bo standing there.
When knighthood is us cheap as that,
it is not so much an honor as n joke,
except to Canadians und they take it
witli solemn joy.
They talk about domocrucj', and
yearn for any title, even tho smallest
which is givon away in bunches.
Perhaps thc idea is to democratize
titles by giving us each one, but thero
doos not seem to be enough to go round,
and that is a pity, becauso it might
make the fool privato doubt tho democ'
racy that ho is fighting for.
How would it be to reserve knighthood for the private who has cortainly
won his spurs in this war?
Knight all thc privates and make all
their sisters and cousins and aunts who
voted in tho last election Lady Tom
mies, Make every one olse generals,
liko it was in Amorica aftor their civil
war.
There would then only bo left tho
workers, of whom it is said it takes
eleven to support each soldior at the
front, but they could be mado Barrow-
nets or barrowncsses, and thon wo
should ull bo happy.
Wo should bo so busy bowing and
toadying to each othor, und quarrelling
ovor procedure that wo should forget
to grumble at the war taxes. m
Somothing of this sort will certainly
havo to bo done to satisfy Canadian
democrats who uro dotcrminod to havo
titles by hook or by crook.
In the British army, the regulur
army, the doctors although they aro
ranked as lieutenants and captains wero
only called Mr., not ovon Dr, Those
higher up wero called Surgeon Major,
or Brigndo Surgeon, etc
But Canadian doctors aro all cap'
tains and majors and colonels, and so
aro tho chaplains and nurses; they ure
so hungry for u title of somo sort.
It haa been tho custom for British
Columbiuns to rennme tho everlnsting
hills after any little stray lordling who
wandered out hero looking for a chance
to pick up anything that was not nailed
down.
If thoy had littlo titles of their own
thoy would not need to mob the poor
lordling, and fight for a chanco to touch
tho horn of his garment.
Hurrah for Cnnadian democracy—it
is worth fighting and dying for!
A Pretty Fickle
Now wo have reached tho limit of
diorror!
' A newspaper, a short time ago, mentioned that it was proposed to form
a corps of undertakers and embalmors
who wore to belong to the army and
accompany the infantry to tho trenches.
Figure to yourself an undertaker
squatting in the trench wniting for u
chanco to embalm tho boys.
Supposing u soldier took the stiff
crumps, ns thoy do after some wounds,
he might recover consciousness only to
find ho hud just been given an injection of embalming fluid!
Conscript tho undertakers, they are
good flghtcrs. At one railway accident
thoy were there almost before the doctors, and fighting for possession of the
corpses and near corpses.
Thero is anothor thing they do for
which they certainly ought to bo shot.
Thoy advertise thomsolves in death
notices, instead of having au ad. of
their own.
To envy a corpse tho principal part
in his own funeral aad uso his namo
us an advertisement for thomsolves,
should certninly entitle thom to a
funeral of their own.
In tho trenches thoy would havo a
chunco to play the chief part, but it
would not bc much of a funeral.
Sometimes even the chaplains arc
overworked.
When tho burying squad had filled in
the tronch and there was no chaplain
prosent, tho non-com. in charge usod to
say:
"Ashes to nshes, dust to dust;
If the Lord won't hnvo you,
The Devil must!"   .
But ih this war there is not always
time for so much ceremony.
Diplomats
The Rev. Mr. McBeth, in his address
on tho roturned soldier problem, remarked:   "In our hatred of war we
o not to blame the soldier who carries
it his orders und docs his duty though
diplomats may huve blundered,"
What did ho mean?
Was ho saying a word for the Gorman soldiers%who also havo to obey
orders!
As to the diplomats, if their blundering has brought about the conditions
described by Mr. McBeth, it is time
thoy wore chained up.
To leave thorn abound loose really
constitutes a danger to humanity, not
to mention civilization, A little moro
of thoir kind offices and tho world will
be depopulated,
Something Bhould bo dono to tench
the diplomats not to bo so careless.
Wo might treat thom aB we arc told
the ChinoBe troat thoir physicians, thoy
pay them when thoy nre well and Btop
the pay whon they arc ill.
Wo should pay tho diplomat while
ho keeps us out of war, and whon wnr
comos we should not only stop the pay
but stop tho diplomat; ho should be
the (lrnt victim of tho war.
So the diplomat would have the high
office of being tho first patriot to offer
his lifo on tho nltar of his country. He
would have to bo very patriotic to proclaim war, and vory Huro it was absolutely uecossary, when ho knew ho must
head the list of victims and martyrs,
but no doubt ho would dio as gladly
for his country, as,tho soldiers nro expected to.
Evory schoolboy is inuilc  to repeat
for his country, ami everyone who has
seen a battle can describe tho sweet
ness and decorum of that death.
It would be the greatest honor wo
could confer on our diplomats,
Pay, Pay, Tay!
One unfortunate offect of poison gas
seems to bo the inability of the victim
to'distinguish between his own money
und some other man's.
No soldier ought to be returned into
civil lifo in such a condition; he ought
to bo cured for until hu is cured, and
his family ought to be pensioned until
he is able to support thom aguin.
Tho soldior who mado the supreme
sacrifice is less to be pitied 'than the
insane soldier whose complaints will
never bo believed, no mat ler how he is
treated; or tho menially unstable soldier who is thrown into the labor inar-
li.'i  where he has no chance at all.
Thoy should never be put in tho penitentiary, but neither slunild thoy be
left without supervision.
Home is tho worst placo for them,
nnd their wives tiro the people who will
be least able to control (iiem,"and who
will probably lose their own renson
with the strain on their nerves.
Thc children of those men will probably have some nervous affection, or
montnl deficiency.
Prom long study of thc abnormal roturned Boldior I can seo un appalling
prospect.
Tho other wars wero child's play to
this and yot after each there was a
crop of suicides and crimes, and of
diseased and crazed wives, and diseased
and defective children.
Aftor evory war a wave of barbarism
sweeps over the country. General Sherman said war demoralized oven the
bost of mon,
We hnvo to look facts in the face
now and begin to pay the priee. Whon
n mnn's mind and nerves are affected
and he has lost his self-control, ho, and
his, have a right to be cared for.
The greatest danger will bo from
those who are abnorlnul but show no
signs of it ut first aad nro returned into
civil lifo.
How, and to whom, shall wo pay tho
price of this war? Pay it we must
and go on paying till the evil has
worked itself out. -
Volunteers
It is said that if a man volunteered
for the war as an officer and positively
refused to bo anything else, und could
not bo used as uu officer, ho wus thereby exempted from serving ut all.
He can return to Cnuudu und still
escupe conscription, not to mention returning his rnnk, and the pay ho .received in England, though he was not
needed.
In this ultra democratic country why
was not this opoprtunity, of serving
one's country safely, thrown open to
all?
Thore seems to be a mistako^sorac
where. Theso men absolutely refuse to
revert to the rnnks whoro thoy are
needed, and they are not evon "con
sciontious objectors;" they are just
cowards who refuse to accept for themselves the troatment they, as officers,
would have meted out to other men in
tho ranks.
Vermin
Thoro is no more reason for the producers to be governed by tho parasitic
class than for a dog to bo governed
by its fleas, but whining is no remedy
in either case.
"A chiel's amang
ye tai\iri notes"
[By The Chiell
It's a true saying tlmt tho unng on tho
outside of the imliiiR see the grenter pnrt
of tlie sport. Tlie public In watching the
pi-occodingB in connection with tlie Jiuuidn-
tlon of the Dominion Trust estate—liquidation  Is  right—Hiioro   close!j-  than   tho  prln-
Minis  in this  grent  trngedy  nre  nwnro  of.
.Ir, Georgo Cownn hus had his flinp nt J.
S. Cowiipr, the junior inumbor for Vnncouver
tins rotorted in kind, tho other counsel engaged in the work of tryltig to clonr np
this financinl embvogllo havo nil, moro or
less—gonerntly more—let themselves loose.
But tho Bnd is not yet, not by n jugful.
If there is nny depositor or creditor who
harbors tho fond belief that thero is going to
bo a windup within the noxt thirty days,
be bnd better see n doctor. To bo brutally
frank. Hi to is notliln doin' nnd tho odds
nro n million to a two-bit lunch tbat thoro
won't bo anything doin'.
Hut here, at the end of three nnd a half
years tlie liquidation is as far forrader as
evor. Like n wounded snake it is dragging
its slow 1 -nuth along and will continuo to
iiinblu nbout at the rnte of tho Injured reptile till thore in no kick loft. If ever thoro
wns n case beforo the courts In which expedition should be brought into piny liko
grensuil lightning, it is this Dominion Trust.
Tbe judgo has suggested n method by whicb
tbe ngony might bn shortened. But snch
a course does not meet with tho approvnl
of men who, in llielr positions would bo
expected to welcome any suggestion thnt
would hnve the effect of Btopping law proceedings that ean have only ono result, and
that Is to ent up any liquid linnets tbnt might
otherwise ncuimulnie for tho benefit of those
whose savings have been gobbled up and nro
being gobblctLup. His lordship holds a full
band In this Tittle gamo and It will bo interesting to watch whother ho will play it
to the fullest extent. Thosa who know tho
judge beli 've that lie will when he comos
to decide on some questions that havo been
submitted to bim for his decision.
At a rough guess. Vancouver bss soma-
thing liko ten hundred and eleven—there
may be more—bylaws and regulations, some
of which arc supposed to regulate the streot
trafflc. How many are applicable to that
portion of civic life, It is dlfflculfto say,
but that thore are sufficient to meet the requirements of tbe day, goss without saying.
For instance, there Is one that' says, all
autos must stop go mnny foot behind a
stationary streetcar. Is It observedt Not
on your life. Thu greatest sport to owners
of autos in this city would appear to be tbe
maiming of tbe innocenti who are not en*
dowod with the goods of this world to be
in a position to own a tin Llaile. Tho jitney men are by no means the greatest offenders. Dig limousines tearing along at a
rate that smashes all regulations consider
they have the right of tho streets. Streot
intersections mean nothing to them. In
avory city worthy of the name a streot intersection is looked upon as powerful an tho
arm of the law. But not so in Vancouver.
Like tbe regulations, they wero mado to bo
ridden over rough-shod. Ono wonders if
soin ■ of tlie aldermen are not the biggest
offenders in this regard.        ,
# 0     0     0
Without saying whether "Tho Finished
Mystery" is pro-Gorman or not and without
entering into any dissertation either for or
ngninst the volume, it occurs to one thnt
in an nge when liberty in bragged about at
every street corner nnd hallooed of in evory
church In (be Innd, an order should have
been promulgated for tho burning of a book
of this character.    It's i sign of tlie times
ARE MILITARY CHARGES TO BE
W*** ****** ****** ******
HEARD BEHIND CLOSED DOORS?
It is highly improbable that the investigation of military- chargeB that is
to tako place on the authority of the
govornment at Ottawa .will got anywhere. Under the i conditions under
which it is to be held can it get anywhoro? That is to say, it is a closeted,
secret inquiry, held by military dfficcrs,
to which privates and subordinate officers arc "invitod" to prefer their
charges and be hoard;' Tho public iB
not allowed to know details of what
the chargos arc* or what tho resultB of
tho "investigation" will bc. Under
such protection ns will bo thrown round
the "investigation," it is doubtful if
thoro will be any charges brought worth
ovon tho semblance of an investigation.
No mattor how bravo a soldior may
havo been at the front, ho docs not
feel like becoming anybody's "gont"
whon he comes homo. If the investigation woro hold by n judicial commission, under tho usual manner of "open
air" hearings, thero ought, judging by
the multiplicity of rumors, be numerous chargos, especially with* regard to
tin; manner in which tho ordinary soldier has been treated sinco arriving
homo, not to mention on the voyago
across,
Thc military takes tlio position, it is
understood, that the matter is ono of
purely a military naturo, therefore, it
is none of the public's business. Tho
average citizen, soldior ond civilian,
will disagreo with this. The military
is nothing apart from tho citizenship
of Canada. Tho soldiers aro not men
who joined tho army to follow soldiering as a means of livelihood. They are
citizens who joined tho army.
Before   the  crowd  at    Ottawa    is
through with their military plans, almost anybody is liable to .be a soldier
in this country, so tho military is not
a thing apart from tho public, and
such matters as investigation of
charges against tho military system, or
its officers, or others, is an affair that
is just as public as any civil or criminal action in the ordinary courts. That
the inquiry is going to be hid behind
doors closed to the press and publio
will lead the ordinary citizen, and the
returned soldiors, not to mention boI-
dicrs mobilized to go over, to beliove
there is somothing very radically wrong
and, whether a whitowash bruBh should
be applied or not, tho mero fact that
the inquiry was secret will lead not a
few porsons to tho firm belief that
somothing was wrong,
Thoro is another anglo to it. Under
the circumstances, what returned boI-
dicr wants to tako it upon himself to
bring charges against his superiors,
knowing that he is still subjoct to military discipline of ono sort anothor.
It is being suggested that in tho interests of rocruiting it would be much
better for the military authorities to
hold an open-air inquiry. If tho
chargos aro dishonest, then there is
a penalty for perjury. Thoro would bo
littlo likolihood of perjury on the part
of thoso who would mako charges, for
tho returned soldier is not a perjurer,
and it would bo thought tho military
authorities would pay tho men tho compliment of giving thoir charges an open
hearing, instead of "inviting" them to
prosont their chargos to a board of inquiry sitting in camera which can havo
no othor ofoct than to stifle chargos.
Havo the military authorities anything
to fear!
that thero is some forco at work that is
making for retrogression, or tbnt Is afraid
of Its shadow. It is said that tbo clergy
of some of tho churches aro bohind tho government in thiB reactionary move. But
whether that is so or not, the govornment
has shown Itself to be n wenk-kneod ad-
ministrntion that, rather than lose any support which it securod by questionable methods in the recent general oloction, It should
stoop so low as to be .tho henchmen of a
clique nf individuals who aro afraid, of losing their meal tickets. For that is really
what It amounts to. Tbe wearers of the
cloth wbo drono out thoir sermons like a
schoolboy, Sunday after Sunday, can see the
trend of events just as readily as anyone
else, for all their assumed innocence and
unsophisticated manner and thoy can soe
witb half an eye that the tmie is approaching,
if it has not already nrrived, when tbo attendance nt their churches will get smaller
and moro beautifully loss. "Tho Finished
Mystery" is one of the things responsible
for that condition of affairs. Hence its
ban.
0     0     0
Those clerics who havo held thomsolves
up as paragons of patriotism, whoso vory
'soul is shocked nt the thought that such a
work should bave boen permittod to be
spread broadcast in Canada are taking heed
of the morrow with a vengeance. But
wouldn't tbeir efforts have been bettor directed bad thoy, years ngo, takon steps to
try and prohibit tbe circulation of books
tbnt fairly gloat over and rovel in sexual
questions. Or is it thnt the clergy themselves also glont ovor tho pages of theso
effusions) Or have they evor givon attention to what are styled humorous postcards,
tho stnndnrd of morality in whicb is decidedly lowl Or is it that thoy have no time,
in their zeal to suppress works liko the
"Finished Mystery," to pay any heed to
such   trivialities  of that  character!
Whatever the reason, tbe fact remains thnt
tho local clerics, and the clerics of Canada
for that matter, seem to have a peculiar idea
of their duties and tho way in which tbey
should discharge them. Opposition to tho
tenets of the fnitb they hold, on tho part of
a koen competitor, is like a red rag to a
bull to them. But tho cry of tho hungry,
the' cleaning up of the slums of tho big
cities, the suppression of vice, in tbo forms
mentioned possess no attractions for them
nor nre they likely to while tho solemn-faced
ones are allowed to retain thoir present soft
snaps,        ,
CJ Speaking of pigs—what a killing
the food-hogs in Canada would make.
MELBOURNE—The governmont of the
Commonwealth of Victoria was defeated by
a vote of 23 to 21 on a motion of tbo opposition protesting against a reduction of
wnr bonuses for railwaymen. Tho result
as accepted ns a voto of no confidence
nnd the governor was advised to dissolve
parliament.
Leckie's
Boys'
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—ure the logical Boots for
your boy, from overy standpoint.    *    i
Thoy 'ro comfortable, neat,
serviceable, and made of good
honost leather, in a good honest way.
Demnnd '' Lockio 's'' from
your doalor, and bc sure you
get a "Leckie." Don't take
n substitute. The name,
'' Leckie'' is stamped on every
pair.
It's the Boot that will stand
tho hard knocks of that Boy
of yours.
AT YOUB FAVORITE SHOE
DEALERS
WASHINGTON, D. 0.—Profits for the lost
yoar of {49,112,952 or 16 por cont. of the
$240,000,000 capital employed, as against
11 1-2 per cont. dn the $51,500,000 of capital prior to tho war, were disclosed ln the
annual report of E. I. du Pont do Nemours
& Co.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is IT IN YOUBS?
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Unlon-mtdt    Tobaccos,   Cigars   ud
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Chewing
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It ie manufactured
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It has a pleasing
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A Silk Week
Of Surpassing Interest
BLAOK SILKS
Black Paillette, 86■   t) por yard, $160
ond >„: 11.66
Black MesBallne, 86 In; yard, $1.76
$1.96 and $2.26
Black Duchess Mensnline, 40 Inches;
por yard  $2.16
$2.76 and _  $8.50
Blaok Peau de Solo,  86 Inches; per
yard   $2.76
0. J. Bonnet's de Soio, 40 inches; per
yard  _ $4.26.
Black   OharmouBe   Satins,  40 inches;
per yard  $2.06 and $3.26
Black Chnrmeuso Poplin, 42 inches;
por yard  $6.96
Black Chiffon Taffeta, 86 inches; por
yard $1.75, $2.25 and $2.46
Black Chiffon Taffeta, 40 inchos; por
yard   $2.25 and $2.96
Wo hnve other Blnck Silks, nil vory
moderately priced.
SILK POPLIN
Wo toko spocinl prido in this lino, becnuso wo aro still showing tho old
quality and selling it at tho old price.
Tlio quality wo aro soiling Is rnroly to
bo found In lho city now. This Bilk is
shown by ua in the best shades, 86
inches wido, nnd is worth todny $1,76
to $1.85 n vnril. jjj.|    a rj
Our special prico tpl*~iD
Saba Bros.
Limited
"Che Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STREET
A Saving of
10c per lb.
—Formerly packed in a tin container, at 50 conts per Io., the
old reliable "Empress" Coffee is
now put up in a full-weight,
paper bag, double-lined and absolutely sanitary.
It ia packed in tho whole borry
to proservo the full strength and
flavor.
Order it from your grocer today.
mm
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THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine (Dreamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
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Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phona ns day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
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Union Station
BEBT
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Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
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Fall, 2800       1620 Main Stmt WIOIAL    FAFBB    VABOOUVBB
IBISES   AMD   LABOB   COUHOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiu papib aaasam ato*
DHBU  FEDERATION  Of   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 12
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 22, 1918
$1.50 PER YEAR
...New Teeth...
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VISITORS TO VANCOUVER do not have to delay
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jklU^Jkaiyt
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,_. 108Ha»tin$ Street W.,((cr. Abbot) Vancouver-'Phene $ey.54*M
E
James H. Says Much in Few
Words in Debate on
King's Speech
Easter Dress
Let
Conditions are the best they have been for many years,
us all look the part.
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S SUITS FROM $20.00 UP
NEW HATS, FROM $3.00 to $6.00
BOYS' SUITS—FROM $4.50 to $17.00
NEW HATS, CAPS and everything in Boys' and Men's Wear, bnt the
boots.   Wo hnvo beon 28 years building up one of the largest businesses
in tho eity—good quality, und our guarantee of satisfaction and courteous
treatment havo done tho work for us.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
SPRING HATS
IN POPULAR BLOCKS
Ab exclusive Hattors, we're in a position to offer yon a choico from all tho
■torllng makors. Fresh, likeable shades:
Brome* Ivy, pearl, slate, cedar, navy,
blnck and all tho popular browns. Many
(sterling union makes.
SOFT FELTS AND DERBIES
Pleasingly priced $3.00 to $6.00
Latest Caps $1.00 to $2.50
Richardson & Potts
tlMITED
417   ORANVILLE   STBBBT
Naar Oorner Hastings
ti
Honest Values at Reasonable Prices
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMUJIOH BUILDIKO)
CORNER CAMBIE AMD HASTINGS STREETS
BIND UP SEYMOUR 2364 FOR APPOINTMENT
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
To Bo HILL
IF YOU are buying a suit, and want one that will,
stand the test, get one of the "T. & D." brand
from us. We are sole agents in the city; No little
detail in the make and finish which tends to make a
perfect suit, is left out, and we guarantee satisfaction in every way.   Prices range from $17.00 up.
On Saturday we place on sale 100 dozen Men's
Shirts at $1.25, "that are worth $1.75 and $2.00.
We are sole agents in Vancouver for Peter's
"Brotherhood" Overalls, and there are none better
made; blue and striped, $2.00 per pair.
117 Hastings St. East
Much Time Wasted in Beer
Garden Tactics Going
On At Victoria
VICTORIA, March 21.—It was a terrific relief to tho governmont forces tho
othor day whon James H. Hawthornthwaite, tho only Labor membor in the
provincial legislature, arose to mako a
contribution to tho debate on the king's
speech. All ho said was, in offect, that
he "agreed with what each of tlio
loaders said about tho other." It was
a relief to the government forces, which
had been waiting expectantly for the
Labor member to cut loose, Whilo what
he said waB a* relief to tho government
gang, it was 'damning of them quite
thoroughly, and of the whole system at
Victoria, whero both sidoB of the old-
line politics got up on their hind legs
and roast the other side while weary
reporters in the press gallery are compelled to sit and listen to a lot of rot
and moro than likely make it readable
for the general public.
The government ought to put in a
Hansurd and thon somo of those aspiring statesmen would say loss and do
moro business. Also, a few of them
would Bay more, for they are not all
chatterboxes, nor parrots, by any
means. Some of thom are quite tho
contrary, and say so little it becomes
painful. But the reason for this is not
perhaps that they are disposed to talk
littlo, but because unless they get a
full head of steam on they cannot make
a start that will carry thorn through
the oratorical bursts of thoir fellow
"legislators," Somo mombers of tho
governmont sido have something to say
continually, notably the leader of tho
government, "Honest John."
But thiB iB getting away from tho
point. It will bo recalled by those who
visited this fair city during the past
fow weeks, that one of the principal
topics of conversation among tho members was '' what will Hawthornthwaite
Have to say." They were looking for
ward with trepidation to the timo whon
the Labor member would get into the
debate for they woro liko tho boy with
the guilty conscience—they woro ox-
pocting something. And there was a
good opportunity for tho Labor member
,to unlihibor his big guns but ho probably flgored tho government crowd too
puny to waste timo on and, anyway,
he was agreed with what the leaders
of each side had said about each other.
Tho general public will ngrco with
Mr. Hawthornthwaite. John Olivornnd
Bill Bowser, representing tho "ins"
nnd tho "outs" respectively, have
made a sorry spcctaclo of themselves
these pnst few weeks. Especially Oliver, One might hnvo expected tho
extra honors heaped on John's unexposing and unsuspecting shoulders
would have sobered him down a bit and
he would not bite quito so easily at
tho fly casts of Bowser and Bill Rosa
who mnko sport for the members on
both sides of tho house by getting tho
promier onto his feet so often his seat
is cold most of tho timo.
As to speech-making in tho British
Columbia legislature, tho few words
spoken by Mr. Hawthornthwnite were
a masterpieco of debato. They were
more effective than the hour-long
speeche* which had gone before. Thoy
woro just exactly as tho general public
thought about the two loaders, and of
their respective following. Howover,
that Hawthornthwaite wns brief was a
distinct rclfcof io tho govornhiont sido
especially, for they know him of old
ns a finished debater who can say a lot
in a few words nnd make things vory
uncomfortable whon he criticizes.
It seems a pity that whole weeks
must be wasted by tho legislature in a
senseless debato over something which
requires vory little donating—the
speech from tho throne, so-called, which
contains an outline of some - of the
things tho government proposes doing
during the session. But everybody takes
a crack at it, not so much that they
desire to offor criticism or praise, but
becnuso thoy want to get into print.
If the newspapers would quit publishing columns of this rot the debates
would be a whole lot shorter and the
business of the country would got along
faster.
"JIMMY" HASLETT
A popular mom ber of tho Bricklayers' union,
overseas,   who   was   roported,   during   the
week, as   "wounded,"  luit no  particulars
aro yet available.
'Pi
Open-air Mass Meetings and
Literature Distribution
on Programme
WANTED IN B.C.
Englishmen Turned Away
From Shores—Likee
Chinamen Better
The great cry put up for the importation of Coolio labor seems hypocritical
when ono considers tho many white
men who have .been denied entrance
into Canada. For instance, last October two Englishmen and their families were denied admission into Canada
on tho grounds that no moro skilled or
unskilled labor was needed.
These two men had beon in tho rubber business in Japan, but the cry of
"Japan for the Japanese" had helped
put them out of businoss, along with
many othors. They were not permitted
to enter England because women and
children are not admitted into the
country, so they booked to Victoria, B.
C. On arrival there thoy woro told
they could not como ashore because no
skilled or unskilled help was required,
Thoy were told to remain on the ship
till it reached Seattle, On arrival in
Seattlo, they and their families were
placod in tho detention quarters and
held for two months whila a red-tape
investigation was carried on botween
the Canadian ond American authorities.
These mon had proporly filled out
passports, had considerable money,
were bkillod mechanics, and abovel all,
were Englishmen. They were prepared
to go into business, to work at their
trade or aB unskilled laborers, yot thoy
wero denied admission into Canada.
How mnny moro cases of a like character hnve happened is not known, but
the above iB on record in Seattlo and
Victoria. If the shortage of labor is
so acute, why should Englishmen bo
Lttirnod away from theso shores? On thc
face of it it looks as though Lnbor is
right when it says that tho importation
of coolie labor is a movo to flood the
country with cheap labor that can be
cowed and browbeaten and sweated
that a profiteering employing class mny
livo in idleness and luxury.
0. N. HARRINOTON, ACTIVE *
UNIONIST, PASSES. AWAY
Was Member  of  Long Standing  of
Vancourer Trades and Labor
Council
Odoniron Nohemish Harrington, aged
48 years, died March 19. He was a
member of the Theatrical Stago Employees' union and a delegate of long
standing to the Vancouver Trndes and
Lnbor Council,
He leaves to mourn his loss, two sis-
tors, Mrs. Hugh Reynolds of Udney,
Out., nnd Mrs. Benjamin Widdfiold of
Whitby, Ont., and two brothers, Messrs.
A. L. and W. J. Harrington of Vnncouvor.
He' was buried Tuesdny under the
auspices of the Internntionnl Association of Theatrical Stage Employees'
union, Locnl No, 118.
This Ooes ln B. 0., Too!
The Tncnnrn Daily News auks how the
"must work" laws arc tn be enforced
agalnit young t»nn *h" havo bien left com-
fortablo fortunes, to business men who hnve
"mnde thnlr pile" and retired In the prime
nf Ufe" and to young men who "are no
earthly account nnd whoso fathtra pay them
a monthly stipend to keep them out nf jail
nnd out of night. "Probably thoHo who
fnim.il the laws 'drafting' labor did not tnke
much account of tho leisure class, quite numerous in the unst, who toll not nnr spin,"
Kays the News.
nnth th? polico nnd thn mcmbpri nf the
Brsntfordi Ont.. flre brigade will receive nn
Incrense In wages of 25 cents per day, although the lntter only nsked fnr nn Increase
nf 15 cents A day. They have got a Labor
Rlftyor In the Telephone City, nnd It cnn
be snld thnt  helped snme.
Bylaws and Business Meeting Nights Changed by
Growing Union
Business Agent Mackenzie of tho
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses union,
wishes to thank tho various unions for
their support in helping to sign up
restaurants. The competent help supplied by the organization has proven
to restaurant proprietors that it puys to
employ union labor.
The local 1ms drafted new bylaws,
changed its nnme and the dates of its
meetings. The orgnnization will be
known from now on as thc Hotel and
Restaurant Employees' Union, Local
No. 28. Meetings will be hold the
first nnd third Wednesday of every
month at 2:30 p.m. and the aecond and
fourth Wednesday of every month'At 9
p.m.
Five new members were admitted and
a large numbor of applications received
at tho last meoting, which had a splendid attendance. A committee from the
Labor Templo Co. visited the local and
explained the proposod plnn for raising funds to finance tho Labor Tomple.
Tho committee was received with enthusiasm and tho union is heartily in
favor of doing its share.
A danco will be hold in the Dominion
hall Frday, March 2D, which promises
to be the best of tho season.
Trades Councils Give Labor
Party Whole-hearted
Support
TORONTO, Ont.—Charles Harrison,
tho Independent Labor Party candidate,
as a result of the counting of the overseas soldiers' vote, haB been declared
mcmbor-elect from the district of Nipis
sing. As is -well known, Harrison had
immense majorities in nearly all the'
industrial centres of the riding. He is
a, member of tho order of Railroad Conductors,
The executive of the Independent
Labor Party of Ontario believes the
time is ripe to launch an energetic organization campaign throughout the entire province for the purpose of forming
new local 'branch association where
none at present exist and to materially
strengthen those that have already been
organized.
The plan contemplated aims at the
holding of open-air mass meetings in
the fine weather, with systematic distribution of party literature, to be supplemented by a persistent canvass to
enroll new members. It is-also proposed to devote special attention to the
womon voters in order to interest them
ih" the working class political movement.
So far, with only one exception, the
Trades and Labor Councils in the various cities throughout the province have
given whole-hearted support to the
movement; in fact, as a rulo it iB the
central labor bodies that have taken
the initiative in the formation^of the
local Labor party branches.
There was. a very encouraging turnout of the members of the Greater Toronto Labor Party at the meeting held
in that city Sunday afternoon.
Reports submitted by the various
secretaries wero of a most Encouraging
nature, and considerable applause greeted the remarks of Secretary T. A. Stevenson when he announced that inside
of the last two weeks considerably
more than $300 of the outstanding election indebtedness had been paid off.
The finance campaign committee reported that they had visited a number
of the local trades unions in the city
in regard to securing financial assistance, and in nearly every instance
they had boen accorded a most cordial
reception.
PURCHASING POWER
STILL   DECREASING
Dollar Worth About Forty Oents  as
Compared With One Year
\    Ago
Figuratively and literally, tho housewife a dollar today looks like 30 cents
when sho goes to replenish her -larder.
As a matter of fact, if sho is a careful
buyer, and takes advantage of special
offerings of thc competing merchants
her dollar is worth about 40 cents ~~
compared with onc year ago.
Thirty-throe leading food staples
show an advanco of CO per cent, since
October, 1916. Her husband's dollar
today will purchase about 75 cents'
worth of the merchandise which he
usually buys in the wny of clothing,
shoes, socks, underwear, hats, neckties
and shirts, as compared with a year
ago. Somo of these articles arc a trifle
higher than others, but by nnd large
the purchasing power of hiB dollar has
diminished 50 por cent.
This is truly tho day of the diminish
ng dollar. Tho mntt working for $20
per week is forced to live liko a miser,
while if he has a family ho must be a
financial wizard or else go into debt,
and unless he is gradually paid more
money ho will stay in debt. Tho man
on $30 per woek hns had the purchasing
power of his salary reduced to $20 onc
year ago, and the man on $40 per weok
is, while a little better off in the main,
hard pressed to got by without being
absolutely   niggardly    in his expend?
QUEENSLAND PLANS TO
PUT SOLB1ER ON LAND
Humble Effort Being Made to Provide
Soldier With a Means of
Livelihood
Queensland, Australia, has adopted a
plan for settlement of returned soldiers
on the laud. Tho land set apart for the
purpose is to be held under perpetual
lease. The soldiers taking it up will
pay no rent for the first throe years,
then for the next twelve yenrs they
will pay o rental cf 1% per cont. of
capital value, and after that tho allium! rent for euch succeeding fifteen
yenrs will bo determined by the rent
court. For the first ten yenrs tho holding may not bo transferred except to
another relumed soldier. Settlers mny
borrow lo the extent of"£500 from the
Queensland Oovcrmnunt Savings bank
to make improvements.
But the returned soldier with a trado
nnd still capable of working at that
trnde will pursue the glorious pastimo
of hunting for a job. ,
GERMAN MASSES COWED
BY PRUSSIAN MACHINE
Military and Police Powers Are Used
By Plutocrats to Retail
Power
Both wings of (he Gorman socinlist
party hnvo Vehemently condemned the
military .mnchino for its move on Russia. In the reichstag, in tho halls and
on lho streets, this brutal and murderous policy is being condemned, but
all to no purpose. The Prussian military machine stands supreme. It crushes,
at almost a moment's notice, every
move made to weaken its power. Labor
officials aro thrown into jail for daring
to question tho nctions of this machine.
Riots aro quelled with Bhot and sabre.
Strikes loso thoir vim before glistening
bayonets. Tho workers aro being cowed
on overy hand. At ono time it wns
thought that a rebellion was possiblo,
but tho powor of Prussianism hnB
proven too great uven for tho millions
of Oermnns who are crying for peace.
A militnry machine is a terrible thing
to buck against, no matter what pnrt
of the world it might bo in. Even in
the U. S. the great masses havo boon
cowod by militury and police powers.
Tlieir actions or motives must not be
questioned, Thoso who have dared arc
now behind prison burs. Those who
would dure have stopped to think of
the consequences nnd hnve bucked
down. The cry of "liborty or denth
seems to bc put into action, only, when
u people have boon unmercifully
crushed by the iron heel of plutocracy,
and death becomes preferable to a con
titiunneo of the pressure.
(J By all moans raise more pigs—of
thc four-legged variety. Flavelle needs
the money.
This Sign Is the Delight of
Every Workman
BECAUSE IT MEANS THE VERT
BEST CLOTH AND THE BICKJEST
GARMENT,    BEST    SEWN    B7
HAPPY UNION OIBLS
Every dealer who thinks well of you has CARHARTT'S OVERALLS for
yoa.  If your dealer has not your site, let us know
Hamilton, Carhartt
Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
ENTIRE EIGHTH FLOOR WORLD BUILDING, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Drug Specials
Reid's Family Remedies
These are old standard remedies, 50c Pile Ointment *■ SSo
positively guaranteed.    Money' re- (1.00 Burdock and SarsaparillaT 7Se
funded If not as stated. 50c Menthol Ointment SSe
tl.00 Syrup Hypophosphites 76c -U-OH ■**■••■-■■• I™**** sn*** Wine 7Se
60c Syrup Whito Pine and Tar.. 40c 25c Cascara Tablots  — SOe
$1.00 Blood Purifier  76c tl.00 Hair Tonic , 7Se
50c Eczema Ointment  36c 50c Hair Restorer _~ 400
25c Witch Hozon Cream 20c 60e Blaua's Pills SSe
(1.00 Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil 90c *26c Corn Cure — SOe
$1.00 tasteless Cod Liver Oil.... 86c 25c Carbolic Ointment SOe
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
406 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1966 k 1966
BRANOH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 3632
782 Granville Street Seymour 7013
2741 Granville Street Bay. 2314 A 17440
412 Main Street Seymour 2082
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 fe 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service i
over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
A FAMILY SHOE STORE
This is thc Shoe Store where every member of the family can get complete shoo
satisfaction in every particular.
Wo aim to please everybody with
Shoo Quality, Shoe Service, and
Shoe Prices.
Our new Spring Shoes nre roady.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
Your Public Utilities'
Policy
We want first of all to be good citizens of
Greater Vancouver, paying our just share
of the community's expense.
We want to give good service, which will
develop more healthy and enlightened people, attract others and contribute to the
general welfare.
We want to meet and if possible anticipate
development with extensions of our railway
and light and power service*.
We want to pay fair wages to our employees that they may maintain a good standard of living.
All these aims depend upon your public
utilities being able to earn a fair return on
their capital invested, pay for the fair cost
of operation and pay fair taxes.
($e&tecbte PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IB. C.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0
Federationist, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: La nor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscription: $1.50 por year;    in Vancouvor
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:   tbo Hope of the World'
FRIDAY March 22, 1918
THE ONLY logical reason why the
human animal .should carry on the
processes of wealth production
must be that of providing himself with
"tbe things nocesBary for his existi'iice,
his coliiforl and gun-
A VALUABLE [-nil welfare. It must
LESSON ON bo for such purpose
ECONOMY. thnt ho has learned to
till the soil, domesticate other animals, ami by the exercise
of his genius und faculties in many
other ways convert thc resourcos of the
planet to his material and spiritual satisfaction. In other words, this human
animal must be actuated by the same
motives that quicken to activity the
energy of nil living things, that is tho
impulse to live, to grow and eventually
to pass away. And this animal appears
to possess a greater brain power, and
therefore a far greater adaptability,
than any other of animal kind. He is
able to bend all othor animals to his
will, cither by reducing thom to obedient servico on his behalf or by consuming them in the satisfaction of his daily
needs. By virtuo of this peculiar superiority, ho becomes a veritable terror '■■
to all others of animal kind.
The tremendous productive power
of Labor during this most glorious age
affords a spectacle that is quite awe-
inspiring. Armed with the most gigantic, complicated and poworful tools of
production that the world over saw, the
volume of wealth that is constantly
poured into thc channels of distribution
and consumption is prodigious in tho extreme. Tho marvelous advance that has
been made sinco the timo when produc
tion was carried on by tho uso of tho
simple and primitive hand tools of old,
is widely heralded as a supremo achievement in tho line of economy and the
elimination of much of the labor formerly required in production. The
great machines and tools of tday are
truthfully termed ,"Iabr saving" tools.
But to whose economic benelit the in-
trodueton of theBe "labor savng" tools
accrues is quite another story.
♦ * *
The average worker, be he farmer or
wage slave, has to work the yoar round
in order to provide for himself and
family, and not only that, but the membors of hia family have likewiso to
work, just as soon as they attain an age
that will make it possible, in order to
aid in the realization of that consummation bo genorally and devoutly to bc
wished. And it docs not require very
many days of enforced idleness to most
seriously interfere with a hoalthy realization of that purposo. It might be
well to remark in passing, that the early settlers upon this westorn continent,
although equipped with tho most primitive aad crude implements, wore not
compelled to work any more days or
hours per day in ordor to mako a living,
than do tho workers of these days of
great machines and tools, and what is
termed "economical production." In
fact, the human animal nover did
'' work'' in order to live until tho
chains of slavery had been fastened
upon his limbs by the more cunning
and unscrupulous of his fellows. Ever
sinco that ho has boen compelled to
"work" all tho timo for just what tho
enslaved horse, ox and ass gets, that is
a mere existence.
niflconco, vulgarity and eventually to
ghastly, brutal and murderous war and
slaughter. But it ovon does not lessen
their toil and thoir misery, but adds to
it. From the standpoint of the producers of tho essential thiugs of life, it
would be difficult to conceive of a more
costly and wasteful method than the
present one. At no period in human
history di dthe slave ever produco so
much nnd never did he, upou the average, get less. But, especially upon this
western continent, he is still profuse in
his loyalty to the institution of property, of rule und ot* robbery, thnt exists
only through his ignorant sweat. Blissfully unconscious of his slavery, rural
and urban alike, he bends his neck to
the yoke aud seeks salvation only by ;
increased   production   and   nevor
FBIDAY...
that has yet been evolved from the
womb of time. Ono might almost hope
that tho timo had come for tho farmers,
especially, to ponder the matter over a
little during their spare timo, if they
ever have any.
The Alberta minister of agriculture
says that "bacon is piling up in tbe
Dominion owing to the inability of
Frnnco to provide funds with which to
purchaso it." Gan it bo that the supply of figui'os has run out? Has the
paper upon which to print promises-to
pay become exhausted? Havo we become so stony-hearted and unsympathetic towards our allies that we will
no longer be pleased to accept tlie financial stand-off for the toothsome aud in-
ap-! vigorating bacon thnt wo are not our-
proaches any nearer the line of intclli-1 selves allowed to eat, and are too poL.
gent revolt against his rulers and rob- to purchase oven were wo allowed to
bers thun to occasionally blent a pitiful do so? But even so we havo yot to dis-
nnd lamb-like appeal for "justice," or I cover the first sign upon tho murket
a "square deul." And ho gets Ihe only horizon to indicate any lowering of
kind that anybody short of a mentnl  I""'ce.    The moro wo think we know
ripple would ever expect to get from
rulers and mnstors.
The official roport of health conditions in the urlny campa and cuntone-
ments in the United States, for the
week ending Mnrch 1, shows us follows:
Total sick, 25,850; pneumonia cases,
.'150; measles, 535; venereal, 1475;
total deaths for the weok, 153. Of
these, 45 died of pneumonin, and 19
of meningitis. There were but three
deutlis from suicide during the week,
No nnti-suicide vuccinc hus yet been
discovered.
A correspondent of thc Alborta Nonpartisan contributes an nrtiele to that
journal entitled "Does Feeding Hogs
Payf" We feel quite competent to
answer the query without even going to
tho trouble of reading tho article.
"Feeding Hogs" does not pay. The
wealth producers of the world have
beea feeding ruling cIubs hogs for the
lust ten thousand years, and have nover
gotton a ponny out of the fool business
yet. It has been a losing proposition
all thc way through the piece. It is
timo they quit it.
President Wilson in hia mesaage to
the Congress of Soviets says, '' The
whole heart of the people of the United
Stntes is with thc pooplo of Russia to
froe themselves forever from autocratic
govornment and become the masters of
their own life." Wc note that all citizens of the United States who have
expressed similar noble ambitions on
thoir own behalf at homo, have been
conllned in jail for their pains. What
tho telescopic eye of hypocrisy can
readily seo abroad the microscopic eye
of humbug evidently cannot see close
at hand.
ubout this game of buying, selling,
trading, trafficking and financing, the
less we really do know and tho moro
firmly convinced wo aro that it is all
humbug, flimflam, pretence, sham and
swindle. It is a rogue's game to get
away with the plunder accruing from
pirating upon slaves, without leaving
telltale trucks all uround tho place. But
lho moro they try to avoid it the more
trucks they leavo. E'verybody will get
wise to it iu time.
Although the British official casualty
lists for the year 1917,,were still held
up on Jan. 12, the Labour Leader of
that date compiled a list from the weok-
ly returns as published in the press.
Twelve thousand five hundred and
eighty-eight officers, and 192,630 men
wero killed during the year; while 37,-
156 officers and 612,340 men had been
roported as missing or wounded. This
makos a total of 864,714 casualties for
tbe year. To fully offset this, howover, the government created 19 now
peerages, 30 baronoteies, 277 knighthoods, 32 privy councillorships and then
threw 3496 appointments to "companionships," for good measure.
Soap-Lord Levorhulme of the dear
old mother land, sees tho handwriting
upon tho wall. The hard-working old
soap boiler is now inaugurating a Bix-
hour day in his'soap works, ns a sort of
sheet anchor against the tide of economic depression, unemployment nnd
world-wide hard timos, that will follow
'n the wake of the war now being so
"Civilization may bo soid out by tho
Tioiskys and Lonines, but they can not
mnke the delivery," declares the New
York World. After sizing up this de-
lcctublo ruling-class civilization, as expressed in tho magnificent display of
its virtues and tho crowning achievement of its ten thousand years of existence, now boing staged so gloriously
and upon such a world-wide scale, we
feci quite convinced that it would bo
ns impossible for "the TrotBkys and
Lonines" to mako a sale as it would
to "make the delivery." We sincerely
doubt that the devil himself would be
so foolish as to make purchase of such
a stupendous nuisance. And if tho
devil himself would not have it, who
in hell wouldf It is, of course, incomprehensible to bourgeois maggots that
either "tho Trotskys and Lonines" or
any one else could be actuated by any
other motives than those of the entire
red-light district of ruling-class plunder,
trade, traffic and exchange. Buying
and selling constituting the horizinul
limit of their puny Intellects and the
only virtuo known to their maggoty
sonla, how could it be otherwise? Quite
naturally they accuse others of being
actuated by tho snme moral delinquencies and baso motives that are the invariable guide to their own precious
conduct.
..March 22, 1018
there was exported from tho United
States to the European Allies sufficient
food to furnish complete yearly rations
for 57,100,993 people. This is taken
from the official Bulletin of tho United
States government. Reduced to more
easily comprehendablc terms, this throe
and a half years exports in terms of
nutritive units totalled "68,159,931,000,-
000 calories." Of course, overy "hayseed" knows what "calorics" are, for
it seems that he raises lots of 'em.
But as these few calories represent what
the producers conjured forth for nothing, and they nppcar to huve survived
the ordeal, it is now up to them to keep
patriotically at it, and even increase
their production of "calories," if possible. And they should be eminently
satisfied to produce "cilleries" for such
a noble purpose us that of enriching
the gnlluiit band of Irnding and trafficking patriots who wax fat and rich upon
the "cnlorio" trade, us woll ns gathering additional simoleons from the blood
ami guts of war. It should be earnestly hoped that the next throo and a
half years will show a greatly increased
volume of trade in "calorics" to thc
credit of those illustrious democrats and
lovers of liborty who thus, with a bold
persistence bordering upon absolute
recklessness, aid most gloriously in but
taring down tho walls of brutal nuto
crncy whilo at tho sume time feathering
their own delectable nests. Tho farm
ers should hump themselves patriotically hi thc production of more "calories." Under no circumstances could
they got uny less for them thun thoy
havo been in the habit of receiving in
thu past.
Six-Hour Day Advocated to
Increase Production
to Pay Debts
Some interesting facts woro brought
out during the enquiry made by Judge
Alschuler of Chicago, arbitrator in tho
controversy between the "Big Five"
packers and their employees. Among
other things it was shown, from the
compnny's own books, that Armour Ss
Co., mado a profit during the year just
closed of $.0047 per pound upon the finished product of its establishment. Tho
wages paid per pound of product
amounted to $.006. With Swift & Co.,
proflt per pound waa $.0062; wages, per
pound, $.0057; Morris Ss Co., proflt per
pound was $.0036; wages, per pound,
$.0058. This is equivalent to nn average of profit per pound of $.0048, and an
avorage wage por pound of $.0058. The
average year's earnings of the alaves of
those three concerns was $782.69. But
little work with a pencil ia required to
show that the average rake-off per
slave for the yoar amounted to $648.
From this it may be realized what
slaves are worth to thoir masters as
property during these glorious democra-
.... ; ,    ■■_-.    „.    -;—e — itic dys.   "Niggers," beforo the war,
rchgioualy waged byJhe Christian na- coui/1)ot brin>| to' thoir owners
tions^of the earth.   The Soap-Lord hasjH.1(,h ravmna „£ „;„„„,. n_ tw    w«i.
*       »       »
An instance of the '' economy'' of ruling class production, viewed from the
standpoint of the actual producer, may
bc found in tho stntement issued by tho
United States government covering tho
amount  of  agricultural products produced in that country last year.   The
total,   expressed   in   money   terms,
given as $21,100,000,000.   that is what
tho farmers turned into the markets of
tho world last ycur.   To any one ut all
familiar with the circumstances of farm
life, it will bo unnecessary to mention,
that nenrly all that tho farmers consume in the shapo of food is also produced by themselves and does not nnd
can not appear in tho markot figures,
for tho simplo reason that it does not
enter the market.    And what did tho
farmers get in exchango for the fabulous amount of essential  woalth  thus
poured into tho markot?   Some of it
camo back  to  them in tho shape of
those things they can not produce upon
the fnrm, such as cloth, tools, tea, coffee, etc., but the vast bulk of it went
from them never to return.   The vnst
multitude who either do nothing nr nre
(engaged   solely in  ruling class onter-
prises, thc upbuilding of the empire of
'class rulo and magnificence, as well ns-
the knocking of it down upon the European plan, have consumed it.   Tho city
nnd town, the congested districts whore
vast numbers of slaves are engaged in
those lines of production that neither
feed, clotho or shelter a  living soul,
have lived upon this rich plunder taken
from our rural cousins.   The slaves of
those   congested   districts   have,   how-
■ever, held no sinecure.   They have been
•driven to the limit in mining and smelting  and   forging  and  casting.    They
have   built   skyscrapers,   warehouses,
palaces, huts, hovels, jails and  other
educational institutions too numerous to
mention.    Thoy have constructed railways until tho land is spider-webbed
with lines of steel, and ships until the
seas are covered  nnd half-filled   with
battle fleets aad fleets of pence, and almost in its entirety such production hns
not conserved a single human purpose.
It has not brought forth a morsol of
food or any other thing essential to
human comfort and woll boing.   It is
cxtrehioly doubtful if even as much as
five per cont. of thc population of all
tho citios and towns on earth over ex-
pond their energy In the production of
the things that are actually essentinl to
their  own  welfare  and   happiness  as
Human boings and to that of their fol
lows of hoth city and country.   It may
be truthfully said that the modem system of industry is indeed a "labor-
saving" institution.   It saves labor for
the mastors.   It also saves an enormous
amount of labor that wns formerly expendod in the production of tho OBBon-
tial things of life and turns it to ruling
cIubb account    in    the   production of
everything thnt makos for pomp, mag-
also purchased an island—400,000 acres
in extent—off the coast of Scotland, evidently as a port of safety in case tbo
aforesaid sheet anchor should drag too
threateningly. A sort of a "safety
first" provision, as it were. Or safety
last, rather,
such revenue per nigger os thnt. Huf-
r,ah for the "free laborer." He has
any provious type of slave beaten a
block and to a standstill. Hurrah for
domocracy! Also hurrah for patriotism,
while wo are about it!
Certain persons are quite concornod
over the loss that Canada has suffered
"because the govornment did not provide cheap money for the settlors."
Wo fail to discover any merit in their
contention. Surely nothing could be
cheeper than promises to pay printed
oa pieces of paper, and very small
pieces at that. Why the confounded
stuff is so cheap now that a lnrge quantity of it. is required in ordor to purchase an infinitesimal qunntity of the
necessary things of lifo. And it is got-
ting cheaper every day. If Nthc interesting process of pumping wind into
this monoy joke goes on for another
three or four years, it will become so
cheap that a wheelbarrow load of it
will be required to purchase even a
"coffeo nnd." It is so cheap that the
moro you can got of it the loss you can
buy with it. And surely if there' is nny
virtue in cheapness everybody should
be eminently satisfied and happy.
Thc Montgomery, Ala., Times says:
"Tho war has done onc thing; it has
mnde fnrming one of thp most dignified
callings a man cnn engngu in. * * "
Todny everybody is appealing to the
former fo come to the rescue of the nation by helping to produce somothing
to eat* so that wc can win the wnr."
"Helping" is good, especially in view
nf the fnct that this samo farmer tin*
always fed us without any help from
",is" who live in the city, and who are
now so noisily and .vulgarly pnnn'ng
onr patronizing flattery upon Ms foolish head in order to speed him up to n
still greater prorfuctToti, to be flimflnm-
med out of as he hns been ffimflnmrnen*
out of his prodncts in the past. Thc
farmer may wo!T beware of the slobbering flattery of tho agencies nf cIobs
rule and mbnery. Whenever they become addicted to flattery and fulsome
lirnise; whenever thoy attempt to tng
him out in thn livery nf "dignity" and
importance, it is high timo that he lock,
ed the stnblo door and left the watchdog unchntnod o' nights.
The farmers of the United Stntes
produced a total of slightly ovor 21
billion dollars' worth of farm products
during 1917. This is equivalent to $200
per head for the entire population of
that great country, or $1,000 per family. The value given is that at tho
farm and not tho retail value of tho
stuff produced. The latter would certainly prove interesting reading. It
would also bo quite interesting to know
just how much tho $1,000 per family
referred to is in excess of the nverago
family incolne of tho entire producing
class, farmers and wage-workers. Also
what percentago of the entire population wus responsible for tho production
of the 21 billions nf wealth, In tho
shapo nf actually essential things. All
nf which would make a story clearly
demonstrating tho present system of
slavery to bo the most terrifically wasteful and costly to tho Blaves themselves
Old .Too Cannon, that most petrified
and hidebound of all the tribe of Republican reactionaries, one-time speaker of the house of representatives at
Washington, and elected to that house
by tho workingrnen and other silly people of the Danville, Illinois, district,
since the memory of irfan runneth not
back to the contrary, is still on deck
ns wntclulog for ruling-class interests.
Ho hns just introduced into the houso
an amendment to the "espionage" law
making it a crime to "foment" strikes
in "war plants" during war times. It
passed through that "democratic"
houso by a three to one vote. Will tho
bombastic John Falstaff of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor give us f.
hcavy editorial in tho next issue of his
blowgun clearly explaining to us that
this mensure is not calculated to in any
manner infringe upon the "right to
striko," the "right of collective bargaining," or any other of the splendid
liberties securod to Labor through tho
mngniilcont struggles of the past. Will
tho bombastic ono make it clear to us
that it is but a wicked thrust dolivered
at tho very vitals of Hun autocracy
and intended to hasten tho coming of
tho glad day when the "world shall
bo mndo safe for democracy," a "democracy" based upon high wages and
kind masters?
Rome of our contemporaries appear
inclined to censure the ultra loyalists
und other good people of Toronto who
so courteously refused Mr. Windy Jennings Bryan a hearing in that city recently, Biit we- fail to see why they
should be censured. We do for a fact.
Their courteous and manly, and above
all else, their intelligent conduct, ia
thus repudiating the silly democratfc
weakness of free speech, free discus1-
sion ond free thought, is but a faithfltl
following la tho footsteps of tho governing authorities of this favored land.
Are we not under the thumb of c«n-
sorship? Am* not thoso thoughts and
opinions of athers that wo might wish
to consider,, carefully kept from us by
our self-appointed paternal guardians,
provided ft appears to thoir duJT wits
that such thoughts nnd opinions might
bring enlightenment unto us ond thus
shake onr* blind faith in their infallibility fit matters of government and
their eminent qualifications to rule ovor
and rob us? Has not the "Finished
Mystery" been denied us lost we become contaminatod thereby and led
astray from that Bafo and* sane line of
conduct that is the slave's hall mark
nf loyalty and dev rtion to maatars,
rulers and othor superior persons? And
the losBon having boon sot by thoso
whnm divine providence hnth appointed to rule over us and direct us in the
pnthway of good behavior and ruling-
class righteousness duly made, provided
nnd established, why should not lesser
hoodlums and ignornntins follow the
exnmplo thus sot? And thoy do, by
gum; they suroly do.
From July 1,1014, to January 1, 19.18, |
Now that tho Ottawa parliament is
itnce moro in session, the cloud of gloom
is being dissipated and flashes of brilliance once again illumine tho politicnl
sky, After carefully sizing up tho new
' Unionist" government, Sir Wilfrid
Laurier, leader of the opposition, rnost
solemnly declares that he is "unable to
discover nny actunl change in government, in consequenco of thc recent election." Now there is real brilliance for
you, in view of the fact that government novor changes, no mutter what
changes may tako place in tho personnel
thereof. Tho new "Unionist" government is just like its predecessor, and
that was juBt like tho one that it followed. It would Becm ns though a man
of the years and experience of Sir Wilfrid should havo long since recognized
tbe fact. Lots of working plugs and so-
called "hobos" are perfectly familiar
with it. They know it not only from
experience, but from observation. And
statesmen should be ablo to grasp it,
even without thc experience. The distinction between a Liboral and a Conservative or "Unionist" government;
between an autocratic and a democratic government; between that of a monarchy and a republic; between a
"good" government and a "bad" government, is purely imaginary. They are
all in essence the same. The one is the
counterpart of all others. All are
"good," if measured from tho standpoint of tho interest and class in human society that governs. All are
equally "bad" when measured from
the standpoint of the class in human
society which is governed. To the latter the only good govornment possible
would be a dead one, and to render its
goodness absolute, and ita inherent badness irretrievably lost, it muat be so
safely and securely dead as to be beyond all hope of resurrection.
The farmer who is asked to pay 50
centB a pound at the meat market for
pork that ho sold for 15 cents naturally
wonders what's tho matter.   And the
poor laboring man not only wonders,
but grows dizzy,   says   the  Wabasha
(Minn.) Herald.    There is nothing to
wonder about, nor yet again get dizzy
over.   It is quite a simple matter to
understand, that is,  if  one possesses
sufficient ability   to   understand very
simple things.   Thc difference betweon
15 and 50 cents per pound for pork
is what tho chump of a farmer pays
for letting the capitalist kill his pig
for him.   It represents the economy of
capitalist production over the crude and
simple methods   that   previously prevailed.    And it holds good all along
the lino of production.    It is by no
means confined to the raising of pigs.
If Mr. Farmer will dovote a few winter evonings to a caroful study of the
gang of useless laborors and still more
useless pnrnsites that gnaw and nibble
at that pig from th<> timo he sells it
until he buys bock a pound or two of
it, he should be able to see what becomes of the 35 cents per pound difference  between   what he  received  and
what he paid.   In,fact, ho may arrivei
nt thc conclusion that ho is playing in
real luck that it is  no worse.     But
then  thero is  no logical reason  why
slavos should kick over those thiugs.
Eaters cannot eat   without   somebody
paying for it.   That jb what slaves aro
for.   If they persist in remnining blind
to their slavory und loyal to their politicnl and economic masters, let thom pay
through tho nose, but we insist that
they should pay with good grace and
great joy.   It is thoir own job nnd the
vast majority of them   are   still too
thick in the head to know what is happening to them.    Long livo capitalist
production and tho profound ignoranco
nhiong the slaves that makos it possiblo and reasonably permanent, for it
is by thnt token that tho ruling clnss
and its hordes of workers engaged in
useless production, eat pork and other
toothsome delicucicB at the expenso of
tho silly slaves of essential and useful
production.   Whilo   this   very   simple
problem is nothing to wondor at or get
dizzy over, it suroly ib a something to
ponder over and get busy at solving.
Either that or quito bellyaching obont
PARIS—By a unanimous vote, with only
two extreme radical* abstaining, the Confederation G-.norale du Travail (Tho Fh-ncb
Fedoration of Labor) adopted resolutions
urging a concrete statement of war aims by
the government, and denouncing all secret
agreements for annexation of territory. The
conference listened to repeated indictments
of the government bjcause of the secret
treaty made with Kngland and Russia, giving
Franco all German territory on the left bank
of the Rhine.
Conscription of Wealth or
Repudiation of Debts
Very Dangerous
Lord Lcverhulhic, one of tho largest
employers of labor in England, has
been advocating thc six-hour day for
many months, so as, ho says, "to take
caro of tho unemployed situation,
whicli will confront us after the war."
As an example to othors, ho has mado
arrangements to placo tho employeos of
Lover Bros., tho largest soap manufacturers in tho world, on a six-hour day,
commencing April 1, Ho is tho largest
stockholder of this firm, and has built
up one of tho most up-to-date factories
in tho world. His employees work under tho most ideal conditions and everything possible haa beon dono under the
system to make tho work congenial.
Yet with all this welfaro, ho has piled
up riches faster than ever beforo in his
life. He hardly knows what to do with
his woalth. Ho has just purchased the
Island of Lewis for something ovor ono
million dollars. The island is 440,000
acres in extent, and has a population of
over 35,000.
England Ib somewhat agitated ovor
tho payment of its debts, and Bome
people aro advocating the repudiation
of debts, others the total conscription
of wealth, whilo others aro in favor of
an income tax. The conscription of
wealth is naturnlly opposed by the capitalist claas, and in order to offset this
idea, they are touring their hair and
going to extromes to prevent it. Lord
Loverhulmc ia wise enough to boo the
trend of events, and proposes the adoption of his six-hour day scheme, so that
he and his class can hang onto their incomes. He is of the opinion that it is
of the utmost importance that wago
slaves be kept contented with thoir lot
nnd encouraged to pile up surplus profits that can be taxed about 20 cents
on tho dollar to pay England's debts.
In his opposition to tho conscription
of wealth, he says:
Thore is, only one way available to on-
able ub to repay our war loans, to re-establish our mercantile marine, our trade, commerce and manufactures after this welter
of a world war," said Lord Lovorhulme,
and that is to stimulate tho production of
wealth, and to tax tho annual incomo to
the limits of utmost yield, but always so
that the producers of wealth aro encouraged,
stimulated and are left witb the necessary
means for tho production of more wealth,
This production of increased wealth will demand and necessitate that evory adult man
and woman of all classes shall, up to the
limit of their abilities and capacities, work
hard and strenuously for Its production. If
all adults of both sexes and of all classes,
peer and peasant, employer capitalist and
workman, work eaoh a reasonable number
of hours per day, then, without over-fatigue
of any, we can produce a wealth of products sufficient for oar own homo markets
and wants and for overseas exportation far
in excess of anything wa have ever previously accomplished. The exact number of hours
that will produce overstrain and fatigue,
with resulting lower production, will obviously vary with the nature of tho occupation and with the conditions under which tho
work  Is performed,
"On the farm, for instance, and on hoard
ships, surrounded by green fields or green
ocean and fresh air, the hours worked may
presumably be longer than would bo possible
in factories, mines, workshops, foundries, offices or stores, where perfect, ventilation Ib
never quite attained and where the occupation is more or less monotonous. Rut in
evory kind of work and employment there
must bo some limit to human strength and
endurance, nnd experience has taught us that
between eight hours a day as a maximun
and six hours a duy as a minimum the safety
point may most probably be found to rest."
St. Paul's Example
Lord Levcrhulmo remarked that tho suggestion of a six-hour day was tho example
of St. Paul, who labored six honrs. dnily ns
a tcntmaker, bo thnt he could devote the remaining hourB of his life's work—service to
s follow-mon.
If we reorgnnized our fnctories so ns by
working a number of change shifts of employee workers aix hours each shift, we
could run our mnchinery twenty-four hours
each working day,
"If our government," said Lord Lever-
hulmo, "is not sufficiently farsighted or so
wiso as fo foster facility und oucourngc grent
industries cnpnblo of producing enormous
surplus wealth by tho enterprise of her
citizens within the Empiro, which would not
only flnd employment for nil bnt provide n
basis for taxation of incomes that would enable ub to repay our war debtB, then the
British Empiro is Buffering from the palsy
of old age and we shall soon cease to exist
as a world power."
Platinum Pendants
As in rings, the value in Birks' Platinum Pendants aro
exceptionally good. Here is a notable example: Pendant
of all-platinum in a dainty and light design, with fair-
sized diamond in centre, and whole pearl at top and bottom— $63,00.
You aro cordially invited to seo our fine stock of diamond
rings and pendants.   Store open Saturday evenings.
10
CHANGE SYSTEM
Emergencies Demand New
Methods in Place
of Old
The Canada food board is preparing plans
for tho mobilization of labor for spring seeding operations. Men familiar with handling
horses will bo specially needed and It Is
essential that thoy be secured to work on
the land. For this roason employers of
such labor, in urban centres, will be well
advised to consider tho adoption of eo-opera-*J
tive methods of delivery in order to freo
men capable of driving horses and especially
those with farm experience.—Press item.
Thia co-operntivo method of delivery
has been adopted by dairy firms in
London and many other big cities of
England. The need for men and horBes
has demanded it. Theso firms have exchanged customers so as to avoid overlapping. Certain districts have been
given to certain firms, Hence wagons
of a dozen different firms no longer
parado along the samo streets. A sane
and systematis aystem of distribution
has beon inaugurated but it ia questionable whother the average worker
will be able .to aee tho advantages of
the abolition of the competitive system. The above kind of co-operation
naturally works a hardship on those
whom it eliminates under the capitalist
system. But labor-saving devices are
continually being introduced into the
production of commodities. Tho workers themselves, aro genorally the inventors, but labor aa a whole, has not
benefitted one iota from the introduction of labor-Baving machinery or systems, Whyf Simply because the
workors do not own tho machines they
have mnde, used and improved. When
tho workors use thoir brains for obtaining the collective ownership of these
machines, as much as they havo used
thom for improving and introducing
labor-Baving dovices, then a change will
have been brought about thnt will bring
joy into the hearts and less work into
the hands of society as a wholo. .
Resolution by Local Mellon
Whereas tho Hon. J. Oliver, premier of
the provinco of British Columbia, has in the
house of legislature opposed the eight-hour
day bill and caused the said bill to be ruled
out,
Therefore bo it resolved, that the members
of tho 'Kelson Federated Labor Party do
most strongly protest against the action of
tha honorable premier of tbe province of
Hritish Columbia; and be it further
Resolved, that each and every worker will
endeavor, and work diligently among hts
follow workers to obtain the necessary legislation whieh will guarantee the eight hours
in tho future;  and bo It further
Resolved, that a copy of this resolution bo
forwarded to tbo Hon. J. Oliver, premier
of the provinco of British Columbia, and to
Dr. W. 0. Rose, M. ti. A. for tho Nelson
district, and to J. H. Hawthornthwaito, the
Labor M. L. A., and to Tho Fpderatlonist.
Amsterdam—The editors of VorwaortB,
who commented upon the striko throughout
Austria and Germany whicli recently was
suppressed, and who circululod severe criticisms of the methods tho military employed
In that suppression, must fuce a court martini. This action was directed following the
testimony given at recent court martinis held
at Stettin where several nf the socinlist lenders were sentenced to jail terms.
THS B. O. ENGINEERS
(With apologies to the Village Blacksmith)
There sits beneath the chestnut tree,
The li. C. engineer.
A very wrnthy mnn is he,
They've tnki>n nwny his beer.
He needs a license in this place,
To follow up bis trade,
And alBO needs n licence, too,
To mnrry with his mnid.
He works nil dny from morn to night,
Ho hears the engine snort,
And when tbe pay-day comes around,
His wages they are short.
Thon to his locnl he does go,
With many a yell and roar,
They can not sympathise with bim,
They think he is a bore.
On Sunday he goes to tho Rex,
The socialist to hear,
With unionism it does not jibe
It doesn't seem quite clear.
So sorrowing and rejoicing
As on his way he goes,
He  thinks that things  will  be this way,
Till he turns up his toes.
More Coffee Satisfaction
MORE   "pep";   more   appetite   producing
aroma; more real goodness—be it morning
or evening—in a cup of-
NABOB
VACUUM
PACKED
COFFEE
AND, why? Merely because every whit of
the flavor-producing oils are kept imprisoned
in the VACUUM can, until the day you flrst open
it.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges aal Fillings
made the aame shade as you own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings 7:30 to   8:80.
Dental nurse in attendance.
OOE.   OBANVILLE   ANO   BOBSON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Pbone Sey. 6238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
I. Bdward Sean     Offlce: Bey. 4141
SEARS & PATTON
Barmtera, Solicitor,, Coavtvuctrt, Etc.
Vlctorit ud Vancouver
Vancouver Offloe: 616*7 Roger. Bldg,
VABOOOVBB, B. O.
THE
INCOBPOBATED
less
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets ....
Deposits
..184,000,000
... 63,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Corner Hastings and Gamble BU.
TheBankof British North America
BlUMllhtd 111 use
Branches throughout Canada and at
NEW YORE, SAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Savings Dopartnant
—SAVE YODB MONEY-
O. N. STAOBY, Manager
GranvUle and Fender
SIABI A BANK ACCOUNT ~
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yonr spare
cash In any old comer where it la
in danger from burglars or flre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give yoa foil
banking service, whether your aeeonnt is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings de*
posits.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1868
..$ 18,911,700
Capital Paid-up	
Beserve Fund and Undivided ProSts    14J66^000
Total Assets  ;  336,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, MONTBEAL
410 brandies In Oaaada, NawfraatlaK, Weet ladles, eto., of which 101
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  Np delay ln withdrawal. "PBIDAY...
...March 22, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of March 25
Charming MARGARET
MARRIOTT in
"Jerry"
One  of  the  daintiest
plays in years.
Order Your Seats Now
Prlcea—lSe, 30c, 400
ORPHEUM
Week of March 25th
LEONA LAMAB
COUNT PEHONHE
LONET HASKEL1
DUOAN AND RAYMOND
BBODBAW A SILVEEMOOM
"EXEMPTION"
A Sketch	
Bvanlnia:   ISo, 300, Mo. 6Bc, SOo
Matinees: 15c. 200, 30c. SSe
COLUMBIA
4—Big Shows Daily—4
Matinee
2 a&i 4 p.m.,,
Evening!
7 Ud 9 p.m.
Continuous vaudeville and feature picture!. Nothing but the best. Change of
programme Monday and Thursday.
Prices: 5c, 15c and 20c
PANTAGES
* NEXT  WBBS
BOMBARDMENT OF BHEIMS
OABABET DB LUXE
Other Bly Tn\nn$
SLATER'S
For Quality
Large cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. 26c
Robertson's    Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 1 Tba  76c
Slater's Tea, per lb  SOo
Baking Powder, 6 lbs. for.. 76c
Lipton's Cocoa, half*ID  20c
Milk, per tin  10c
Salmon, largo tins, per tin.. 16c
Clark's Pork and Beans, 3
for   26c
DELIVERY TO ALL FABTS
131 Hastings St. East   Sej. 3261
830 Qranvllle St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastlngi Stmt Wirt
TWO-NUMBER TELEPHONE SEBVIOE
IS   MUCH   CHEAPER   TBAN
LONG DISTANCE
If you hnvo culls to mako by telephone
with parties in Hburne, Colllngwood or
Eraser t-xuhangn dlst riots, or uven In
North Vancouver, Went Vancouvor and
New Westminster, do so by Two-Number.
That is, look up tho number of the party
wanted, and mako your call as In the
ordinary way. This is tbe cheaper method.
Do not ask for the party by name, as
Hts. Brown or Mra, Jones. If you do,
the oharge will be Long Distance, which
is greator. When you do not use Two-
Number service, Central has to go to the
trouble of locating your party and then
Informing yon. The extra work entails
extra oharge,
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd,
PRINTING
OOWAN * BBOOEHOUIB
Lahor Temple Fran    ley. MM
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBI
One Block west of Court Honae.
Use of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Beymour 2426
REAL PATRIOTS
"We talk about patriots in this country,
but we do not know what patriotism Is until
we see Id Russia examples of what I should
call the patriotism of mankind. While in
Russia I met some real patriots. There I
met men and women who, for the benefit
of their fellows, had spent three-quarters of
their lives In prisons and chain-gangs. Thore
I met tho heads of the revolutionary groups,
who, for fifty years and more, had been risking their all for Russian freedom—Madame
Brcshkovsky, Mr. Thaikovsky and Mr. La*
zaroff. Think of Brcshkovsky, the Grandmother of the Revolution, 74 years old, a
prisoner and an oxilo for 34 yeara, Btill
working night and day, with might and main,
for the bonefit of her fellow Russians.    This
froup surrounded Kersmsky, who believod
n working out the social problem by the
Russian Labor classes in conjunction with
tho property-owning classes.' Then again, I
saw the workings of another group, equally
patriotic, who bolieved that ultimate freedom, and tho possession of tho land, oonld
only bo worked out by tho workingmen and
tho peasants. I can ensily see how Marie
Hplrldovns, now a loading figure in Russian
life, believes that freedom Is only to be realized by a governmont of worklngmon alone.
The Russian revolution, only a few months
ago, released this young woman, now only
in tho thirties, from 15 years solitary confinement in a Siberian prUon.
"I will say right horo, tbat If at any
time during my travels I was a witness of
doeds of wanton dostrutlon and violence, it
was not in Russia. If at any time I was in
dancnr, it wns not in Russia."—Oo), William
B. Thompson, In a speech to tho members
of tho Rocky Mountain Olub, of New Tork,
"The Psychology of Ctaantay"
Ohna. Lestor, lecturer on economic
and political subjects, will deliver an
(tddress on "The Psychology of Germany," at the Colonial thoatre, Sunday
ovening, commencing at 8 o 'clock. Admission free.
"Jerry" at the Empress Next Week
'Jerry" is an American comedy in three
acts, written by Mrs. Oathorine Chlsholm
Cushing. The heroine, for whom the play
is named, is an odd mixture of wilfulness,
waywardness and personal charm, with an
underlying strata of good oommon sense—in
short, just such a girt as we flnd in many
an American home. Jerry has a mind of
her own. She knows what she wants and
goes after it with a determination characteristic of onr girls. ***
_   Practice thrift and economy.   Flavelle needs the money.
DENTIST
DR. GRANT FORD
has opened offices in the Flack
Block, corner of Hastings and Cambie streets.   Phone Seymour 7810.
Royal Stove Repair Works
Bepairs for all Storei, Furnaces,
Colli, Connections, etc.
New and second-hand stoves bought,
sold and exchanged
Phono Soy. 6950     1114 Oranvillo
YOU'RE    THE    JUDGE!
of the statement that onr Offlce Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stook is the best
in B, O. Come ln and look ub over!
817 VIEW ST.I
VIOTOBIA
Are Your
Eyes Clear?
^Are yonr eyes clear and
definite in color, or are they
murky ami hazy with whites
Inclined to be bloodshot t
%The  clear  eye  is  only
possible to thoso who see
without straining. Tho
chances arc that the eyo that
is not, clear is defective. Defective eyes may ba mado
normal by means of glasses.
The wearing of tho proper
lenses will soon restore tho
eyes to health and olear
beauty,
•3 Wrinkling and straining
are not natural. They denote
defective vision— whioh oan
only bo remedied by the
proper glasses. Your eyes
should be clear and definite
fn oolor and should look
oalmly out between tho lids
that are normally open and
under brows that are not
contracted in a frown. Clear,
beautiful eyes are healthy
eyes.
•J / devote my entire time
to tho study of the eyo and
the remedying of eye defects
by means of glasses. 1 have
accurate scientific instruments for determining the
nature and extent of your
eye trouble, and machinery
for grinding the lenses to fit
your eyes. My charges aro
moderate,
Seymonr 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Mnn mxe r
Granville Optical Co.
649 GRANVILLE STREET
Below DryBdale'a
IBE
E
That Miners Would Wind
Up Mairs of/Ancient
Medical Aid Scheme
A Federated Labor Party
Speaker Taken for a
Wicked German
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. L, March 20.
—Two meetings wero held hero on Sunday
last, ono held to consider the advisability of
winding up the affairs of our prehistoric,
etornally bankrupt modical aid schemo, which
schemo, by tho way, tho compensation board
approved. Tho olher meeting was held under
ihu auspices of thu iiowly-organinud Federated
Lubor i'arty. Your correspondent was, unfortunately, prevented from attending either
mooting, by being compelled to go to work
(How's that for an answer to the Vancouver
World's cry about the miners working three
days a weeki).
However, the two meetings were hold in
spite of tho absence of your humble servant (another suucal exploded), Nothing was
supposed to take placo in this burg, from
sunspotB to increases in tho oost of living,
unloss yours truly had a band in it, sc
lt has boen demonstrated that South Wei
lingtuu Is not Quito an autocracy.
The meeting of the medical relief fund
apparently did not understand their powers,
as they postponed the winding up of the
bankrupt fund until the general meeting
whioh takes place in the third weok in
July. They were laboring under the delusion that the rules cannot be suspended at
a spscial meeting, consequently we aro to
be saddled with a white elephant for another
four month. In times gone by, this fund
has fulfilled a useful purpose, both for the
masters and incidentally for the men. In
many cases it haB taken the place of the
compensation a man was entitled to under
the old act. At the best it only paid the
$1.00 pet' day a man was flnod for going to
hospital. Now that all medical aid expenses
are met by the modical aid provisions of the
compensation act, it is thought by many
that a private scheme is no longer necessary. It is realized by others that the dollar a day received from tho fund is of great
benefit to men with familius, inasmuch as
thc compensation allowed under the act is
insufficient to keep the home fires burning.
Another factor that enters into the case
is the fact that the married man in general
stays at home when injured and the single
man invariably goes to hospital. Tho former gets no allowanoe for hospital and the
latter doeB. This Ib put forward as an argument In favor of increasing the allowanoe
to men with families, or at least making an
allowance in lieu of hospital expenses when
an injured man lies sick ln a place other
than a hospital, Howevor, in view of the
fact of thero being amendments to the aet
contemplated, the mutter will rest for the
time being,
At the termination of the medical relief
fund meeting which was held in an unused
school house, the meeting addressed by Dr.
Gurry was held in the public hall of South
Wellington; In passing, I may say, that we
tried to obtain the use of the aforesaid
abandoned school house, which, by the way,
is a large tent that was erected as a temporary school, and we made an offer to the
trustees for the use of it for our political
meetings, of course, being refused.
Another German Found
Dr. Curry's meeting was very sparsely
attended, due, no doubt, to the inclemency
of the weather and the short advertising.
Anyway, a very interesting discourse was
heard, and I understand that a certain individual was heard to aocuse Dr. Curry of
being a German, whicb, by the way Ib a
compliment theae days. Of course, when we
understand that the individual in question has
been well lnnoculated with the virus of master-class ethics since birth, we have feelings
more of pity than anger. However, a few
moro members wero enrolled and we should
worry,
Feeding the Wolves
Judging by the antics of the apologists of
capitalism, the Federated Labor Party is a
success. In past years when the Fedoration
exeoutlve haB gono on the annual pilgrimage
to the gas house its demands have been carefully (!) considered, and as carefully forgotten. But, lo and behold, a remarkable
change haB taken place. This year Labor's
demands in many instances havo been anticipated as evidenced by the tears that have
boen shed by old party politicians over the
neod for improved conditions for the workers,
such as provention of dust in quarts mines,
eight-hour day In "certain" industries; but
wo are forced to admit that Hawthornthwaite got thoir angora with his universal
eight-hour bill. Our benoficiont (1) legislators certainly slipped a cog whon they
jumped so heavily on that measure They
surely showed how they lovod Labor, for
surely the governmont could extend the
night-hour law to all, especially as the eight-
hour day is tho rule. Wo will have it in
the principal industries, either by legislation
or by the goodwill (!) of tho boss. It is
to bo noted that tho lumber mon have grantod an eight-hour day and, incidentally, they
are starting slave driving on tho Strength
of it, for I am led to believo that tbo men
at the logging camps near Cumberland have
gono on striko againBt tho slave-driving tactics of tho bosses. I remember reading a
story in my schooldays about n sleigh drawn
by several horses being pursued by a pack
of wolves, the driver cut flrst ono and then
another horso off and left it for the wolves
just what the ruling class of today is doing.
And it's a gamble whother tho horses will
last out, and I'm going to bet on tho wolves.
Strikes, Sunspots and Measles
Prom timo to time wo read about a brainstorm of a certain Walter Foster, and right
hero I am going to make another bot. I'll,
hot that ho wears long stockings and an eye-
glawse,   dontcherknow.     In  hia   latest   effu-
wmmmMmmm
****-
You may EXIST without music but—you
can not call it LIVING. Can you imagine
life in a desert, where no birds warble,
where no one sings? Everybody is now
making money. Everybody can afford a
good piano or player. We recommend
and sell the world's best makes of different grades. Buy a good one.
Broadwood & Sons, New Bell, Kimball,
Lyon & Healy, Williams' New Scale,
Haines Bros., Francis Bacon (the oldest
in the United States).
If you want a piano "we have a plan" by
which you can have music in your home.
Bargains in good used pianos, $225 and up
We buy used pianos, rent, tune and repair
■^^■j^Avt>v.-y.,Y;:
MOINTELIUS sa" aas
PIANO HOUSE lis mm. 5t.
gesssassEgB ___________s
slaw, he quotes a British M. P., in support
of his contention that the party that is operating in B, O. is causing utrikcs, sunspots
and measles, Ib the British I. L. P. Of
course, if my bet is correct, we'll excuse'
the dear chappie, for he no doubt thinks
that England is the only piece of dirt on
the map. His British M. P. said the programme of the I, L. P. was to capture all
the machinery of the South Wales coalfields.
Of course, he refers to the trades-union machinery. That Ib just whero our Marigold
friend falls down. The object of tho party
in B. 0. to which he refers is not to capture
the trade unions. The Lord knows and
everybody olso knows that the majority of
the A. F. of L. unions have boen captured
long ago by the junker militarists. No, my
deah boy, we are not going to capture tho
trade unions, we are ont to capture tbo industries that the trades unions are trying to
regulate. We are slightly different to the
florist who promised to give the earth with
every plant he sold—we only want the earth
onee.
CONSCRIPT ADVOCATES
SHOULD BE CONSISTENT
The United Mine Workers' Journal gives
conBcription-of-labor advocates this food for
thought:
"Labor conscription Is Btill advocated by
somo who hope thereby to proflt by underpaid forced labor. We serve notice here
and now, if forced labor should bo demanded by our government no individual shall
be allowed to proflt therefrom,
"We maintain that any industry that can
only be conducted through forced labor provided by the government's power must confess itself a failure as a privato enterprise.
"Wo hold that froe labor has proven itB
full eflloloncy, In spite of the obstructions
caused by somo profit-hungry employers. Tbo
cry for labor conscription that has been
raised Ib only in the hope that men may
bo found to work at subsistence wagos and
to tbe proflt of the few.
"Let these understand—that tabor will
nover submit to forced service whon any individual stands to profit therefrom. Any
industry that requires conscripted tabor must
also be conscripted Into the government's
Borvlce."
First Time in City's History
When Two Classes Have
Got Together
Establish Principle of Sympathy Toward 100%
Production
[By Observer]
It Ib quite evident that certain of
the members of the board of trade desire that that body, which is representative wholly of the employing clasB,
and which has always been looked upon
with misgivings from" the standpoint of
tho working class, got bettor acquainted
with tho real producers of all wealth—
the workers. The working class has always been quite willing to be taken
into the confidence of the employing
class, and has been "taken in" on occasion, and so much so that the average
working man has become somewhat
"gun shy." However, from all accounts certain members of the board of
trade honestly desire that Labor and
the board got cloBer together, for prob-
able benefits on both sides, no doubt.
The board of trade may be assured
that it will always find the wage-workor
playing fair. Ho is a man of fair-dealing, but who has not always been fairly
dealt with. Naturally ho will desiro to
know what it is nil about.
A "got together" meeting of representatives of the Trades and Labor
council and the board of trado was
hold in the rooms of tho latter organization on Tuesday, and the noxt meeting
will be at the Labor Templo at the call
of the Labor committee. At the meoting nothing was accomplished, excopt
the adoption of tho principlo contained
in tho following resolution, which was
moved by P. G. Shallcross, president of
the Board of Trade, and seconded by
J. H. McVety, of the Labor delegation:
"Having regnrd to tho action of the
government in conferring with representatives of organized labor for the purpose of supplying adequato labor for
productive purposes, that this conference of representatives of the Trades
and Labor council ond the Board of
Trado, goes on record in that it approves tho principle of 100 per cent,
production, und is prepared to give sympathetic consideration on the desiro to
bring about remedies for any condition
arising or wliich may in future arise
which miltiates ngainst tho carrying out
of this principle.
. Tho president of the Board of Trade
expressed himself frankly as of tho
opinion that employers and employees
could be of benefit to tho country working in harmony instead of at arm 'fl
length, which so long as the present
system of things continues to exist,
probably is right. This is iu line with
tho decision of Ihe Federated Labor
Party, when it went into politics—to
proceed on thc present system of political ideas and work out thc salvation of
the working class as far as possible undor present conditions. Tho prosidont
of tlie Board of Trade did not voice any
now theory. For somo reason or other,
tho representatives of tho employing
clnss all over tho world are now paying
a lot more attention to wage-workers
than in the pnst. Por one thing, tho
latter nre furnishing tho armies which
aro now engaged in battle, as well as
furnishing everything else by which thc
capitalist class is allowed to exist.
The disposition would seom to be to
accept the evidences of friendliness on
the part of tho Board of Trado representatives. The advances have como
from that source, and the meeting was
the result of a resolution moved by
John Eadie, at a recent meeting of thc
bonrd, nt which ho drew attention to
tho fact that tho brench between labor
and capital should not be widened, but
should bo nnrrowed insofar as possible,
for tho genernl welfare of the country.
Mnny matters crop up now and thon
which unquestionably may *,bo settled
much more speedily ond to everybody's
benefit by a round-table conference,
thnn by pro-historic use of tho big stick
wielded so lustily in bygone days by a
certain element of tho employing class.
At tho conference wero the following
dologntes: Board of Trade, P. O. Shallcross, presidont; C. Spencer, vice-president; Nicol Thompson, B. W. Greer and
John Endie. Trados and Labor council:
V. R. Midgley, J. H. McVety, Bert
Showier and ifiss Gutteridge.   -
NBW YORK—The Wnll Rtrcnt Journal,
which rocnntly regretted that public genii-
ment In Amorica did nol permit lining up
labor ogltntors aitainst thr wall and shooting
th-m. again displays (tn mania for shooting
In tho following: "Disloyal captain gels
25 years, nnd spy In New Orleans with
stolon seerots In his possession gets two
yearB' internment.    Why not shoot both!"
I
IN
Opposition Wants to Get Information and Government Is Digging
Public Is Thoroughly Disgusted With* the Whole
Victoria Caboodle
VIOTOBIA, March 21.—The B, 0.
electorate is being treated to a very
childish display and camouflage on the
part of the provinical government in
its efforts to block information being
gleaned by the opposition members. It
will bo recalled that the members of
the "outs" have given notice that
they will require certain questions answered, tho desire being to find out just
what has been going on with the so-
called "economical" government under
the Liberals. While the expenses of
the present govornment—thus far—
probably are not a circumstance to the
old regime, the government has tacked
amendments to the resolutions asking
for certain information and is bringing
down some ancient expense accounts
wliich were fought over on the public
platform so long the people know all
about them and are weary of hearing
about them. But what would be real
news to the electorate would be the
expense accounts piled up by the members of the "holier than thou" government. That thiB government is
fearful of what the electorate will
think, in light of all the past protestations of holiness, is indicated in the
promptness with whieh John Oliver,
the premier, desires to bring down
along with the records of the present
government, the records of the past
which everybody knows was sufficiently
rotten.
As a matter of fact the old1 government was put out of office for its record
and that Ib a closed book so far aB the
electorate cares just at present. But
it does care about the record of the
governmont now in power. It wants
to know just how rotten it has been
and is becoming. The bringing in of
a previouB rotten record will not have
the effect of minimizing any present
rottenness. To believe the memberB of
the government, in the press and on
tho platform, such thingB as the old
government received the ill-will of the
electorate for, would not be a part of
the record of the new government.
Then why dig up the old mess! If
the government is not careful, by digging up some old rottenness the electorate will believe the government to
have some of the same in its own brief
record period. The electorate will re*
member that the old regime waB in
office for some fourteen years. The
present government has been in about
two years. So, going on the principle
that Oliver appears to desire when he
brings up old accounts, the electorate
is supposed to make its comparisons
on a basis of rottenness. Thereforo, if
tho old record was very, very rotten,
computed by years the record of tho
present   government should be   only
PREPARE
-FOR A GOOD POSITION-
The demand for competent office help was
never greater than today. So many men have
enlisted, so many office men have been called to
the colors under the conscription law, that business men find it impossible to secure competent
help.  Now is the time to prepare.
-OUR-
Easter Term
-OPENS-
Tuesday
April 2nd'
You should attend the school that uses up-to-
date equipment. We have 75 new typewriters,
that has a thoroughly competent staff and
whose graduates are always in demand. Write
today, or phone Fairmont 2075 for full information.
TUITION FOR CASH OR ON CREDIT
SUCCESS BUSINESS
COLLEGE, LTD.
E. Scott Eaton, B. A, Principal
Corner Tenth and Main    VANCOUVER, B. C.
about one-sixth, or so, aa rotten as the
old.
In searching Into the darkness to
bring into light again the reeord of the
old government, isn't there a danger
that the electorate will be led to believe that if tho preBent government
had been in power for the same length
of time as the old, it would bo just as
badf   Or worse.
Tho childish attitude of Oliver and
his ministers is apt to havo a boomer*
ang effect and not redound to their
credit. It is a reminder of two boya
snapping. One says, "Tou did." The
other replies, "So did you—worse."
CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS
Advertisements inserted under thli heading
at 2 cents per word per issue.
WANTED—Editor-manager for rtrictlj labor
paper. Send particulars of previous experience and qualifications, stating salary
required, to Ed. Browne, 316 Becerldge
Building. Oalgary, Alberta. 11J12
Don't Make Your
Dollars Blush
YOUR dollars are the "forces" under your command. Many of them
should be held in a savings "cantonment"—(a bank)—as reinforcements. But you must keep a "detachment" in active service all the time
and if that is well trained it will go out and capture the clothes you want. Don't
employ a dollar to pay for a store's big rent or delivery service. Don't detail
one of them to pay for a store's loss due to the failure of "charge" customers
to pay for the clothes they "purchased."
"WALK UPSTAIRS AND SAVE TEN
r\0 THAT! And you'll see the wisdom of ordering your "clothing dollars"
to procure for you—the utmost clothes value.
It's enough to make a loyal dollar blush with shame—if it is compelled by its
owner to waste its worth in paying for a store's unnecessary selling expenses
—which add no value to the clothes it is supposed to obtain.
The Robinson Guarantee
If you can duplicate the clothes I sell for $21, elsewhere, for less
than $30 or $32,  come back and I will refund your money.
S&&i4lA4ri&' STAIRS
Clothes Shops Ltd
Coiner Hastings and Richards Streets
(Over World Office)
The Largest
Exclusive Clothiers
In Canada
Winnipeg
Montreal Ottawa
Toronto Vancouver PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.... ^ March 22, 1018
Men's Clothing Dept
Is Showing Latest Novelties In
SUITS
THIS WEEK-END
Including Form-Fitting "Pinchbacks" and "Belters"'
—The Smartest and Nobbiest Suits in Town
S .
MODERN CLOTHES, designed by the highest-priced men
in thc tailoring business—men whoso mission is to produce the new types of clothes that young men and men who
stay young are looking for every season. Such are tho clothes
you will find at Spencer's. Let us show you these new models.
We aro sure you will like them.
For the man who is proof against the blandishments of such
clothes, we have all thc choice in orthodox sacque suits he
could want, which selection has been reinforced during tho
last few days by some excellent new numbers at $20.00
Come and look them.over tomorrow, and try a few on without being importuned to buy. You will like our method of
clothes selling.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Thirty dozen, regular $2.50—Hatch one-button medium weight natural merino combinations.  Sensa
tional value; Saturday only—
$1.00
ARNOLDS. QUIGLEY.
'THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
546 ORANVILLE STREET
JAS.THOMSON&SONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
BUT!
UNION
MADE
THERE is a size ond style for every worker, in Twin Buto
Overalls and Shirts.- Special garments are made for special
trades and every garment is made of tho very best materials.
Double-stitched, tacked in the corners, with buttons rivettod on,
and double seats and knees in overy garment that is called upon to
Btand hoavy wear, these Twin Bute garments are the very beat
obtainable. At present prices workers will be justified in ordering
two or three extra pai» of Overalls and a couple of extra Shirts.
Blade By Union Workers for Union Workers
JAS. THOMSON & SONS, LTD.,
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Royal Standard
Flour and
Royal Standard
Rye Flour
THE HOUSEWIFE
—finds nothing but satisfaction in the new Government grade of
"ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR"
and thc family finds nothing but the keenest satisfaction in the rich,
appetizing loaves she turns out. They're sweet, wholesome, nutritious-
good all the way through.
Tho home bread maker practices a wiao conservation, too, when sho
combines a judicious quantity, say 25 per cont. of
"ROYAL STANDARD RYE FLOUR"
with the "Itoyal Standard Flour," she measures for her baking. This
economical admixture of three parts to one ensures delightful results—
results thnt are endorsed by every member of the household. ,
Both theso sterling, dependable Flours1 nro milled to secure the highest
quality   under   Government   regulations.    Tost ~
their superior bread-miiking properties today.
At all  wide-awake grocers.     Look   for   the
"Circle V" on every sack.
MILLED IN VANCOUVER BY VANCOUVER
LABOR
'"^5&
fEDEBATIONIST
Another Message from "Fitz.'
Editor B. 0. Federationist: A couplo of
weeks ago there appeared in the daily press
an article on the action of the poople of
the South Soa Islnnd who wers not contented with the control of the Australian authorities and expressed a doslre to be brought
under the govornment of Britain. Nono of
your correspondents having touched upon tho
article referred to, I trust you will spare
mo apace enough to state a few facts which
will perhaps show why the supervision and
direction of England Is more desirable than
that of Australia.
Cheap labor, because cheapness is always
accompanied' by docility, \s most dear, strange
as It may seem, to tho hearts of those for-
tunates who are accepted by tbe masses as
captains of industry and who live hy the
purchase of that which exists under the
hides of toilers and Is indispensable to the
production of copra and sugar, Sugar! Yes,
sugar; a sweotness born of sorrow, watered
hy tears, and slightly tinctured with the
bitterness of the unrecorded tragedies of tho
cano fields. Sugar I What pleasant memories
the word awakens 1 As I write it Tranqullle
disappears and I am strolling along Earbor
Btreet, Kingston, Jamaica, and striding before me toward the wharves is a negro and
negross chewing pieces of sugar cane for
thc energy which later on they will expend
in the carrying of baskets of eoal from ship
to shore and to ship again, for a wage which
wouldn't support a dog that had a soul for
anything other than raw sugar. But let's
get away to the   South Seas.
Thoro tho Bun shines faithfully and the
breezeB blow lightly and tho Hindu men
and women sweat In tho sun and wish that
tho breezes were not so light, for even the
childron of India can be too warm, and work
on the plantations is not easy. *
How picturesque they are with their baro
limbs, brawn and vory thin, and their bare
bronze breasts, and how contented they appear! So exclaim the tourists who visit the
islands, especially the lady ones who are so
sweet, Bugaiy, and whose sweetness is as
closely related to slavo misery as Is that
of the sugar to the Bufferings of the Hindu
contract laborers.
How the capitalists do love their own respectability, especially they of our Empire.
Contract labor 1 It sounds well; and expresses loudly the spirit of freedom for, surely contracts are arrangements that can
only be entered into by free men and women;
and If they be ,as they surely are, for from
seven to ten years, and if during then the
Hindus can, for a breach of them, be hunted
down and severely punished, does this detract from the beauty of such contract or
limit the liberty of those who enter itt Assuredly not, my capitalist friends; you are
deeply wronged by such a thought. Thore
Ib as much difference between this contract
labor and chattel slavery as there is between
British capitalism and the capitalism of
Germany I You know that; so do I. Clod
bless you I
What would the Hindus do without you I
Come, gentlemen, forget your native modesty
for awhile and let the world know of your
virtues. Cease hiding your lights under
buBhelB; expose them in all tho glory of their
brilliance to an admiring world. Nol Woll
then, I shall act and speak for you, for I
know you, gentlemen; you know I do.
In the distant east. In that fair land which
wo In times past wrested from tho despoiling hands of sacrilegious Franco, were men,
many of them, who were in danger of becoming vicious through idleness. You visited
them, by agents, and told them of the Joys
of lifo undor your paternal caro in the South
Seas. Yon provided thom with ships, more
luxuriously appointed than those which, at
one time, monopolized the passenger traffic
peculiar to the coast of Africa, and introduced them, aftor awhile, to tho islands,
upon which flourish cocoanuts, rice, coffee,
Bugar, and many other things; and there
you kindly clothed them In tho dignity of
contract labor. You paid them at tho rate
of twenty-four cents a day and allowed them
to live rent free, they providing themselves
with all the good things they desired, such
as cheesecloth for clothing and seven-course
dinners of boiled rice, out of their generous
wages.
Now, after you have carried on this good
work for many yearB, the Labor Party of
Australia, clad, not in cheesecloth, but in
all the insolence of newly-acquired powor, is
Interfering with your cherished rights, You
oppose this and ask for the direot control
of your islands by Britain. Sho is a long
way off and her eyes are not so clear kas
those of young Australia. This may be the
roaBon for your request. You want cheap
labor and tha Commonwealth, does not, therefore you object to her; nnd from my knowledge of you, gentlemen, you will raise as
much objection to England if she objects to
your labor system; and you will discover
much virtue in the militarism of Germany
and express n genuine desiro for Its protection Boonor than forego your right to buy
contract labor power at tho rate of twenty-
four cents a long day.
HENRY M.  FITZGERALD.
♦responsible! We mothers stand on shifting
' sunds. Kingsley has dollvered us from the
terror of the orthodox hell, but we have also
lost our orthodox heaven. Wo have lost our
faith even that "the Lord will provide,"
for experience teaches ub that the, profiteers
stand between ub and the Lord's provender.
Havo you no message for ust You aim at
getting a child decently christened, decontly
confirmed, and even getting it well fed, well
clothed, well housed, well educated, so. that
it may unfold according to tho innate
strength or genius with which it may be
naturally endowed. To whloh shall we belong, to whom shall wo look for help—the
Labor party or the Church! I would recommend you, you men, to study "maternity,"
a book just issued by the Women's Co-operative Giuld, which book, save for the pro-
face by the Right Honorable H. Samuel, is
written entirely by working-class mothers.
Lenrn from the lips of those women the
awful waste of infant and maternal life, the
mess of preventable suffering due aliko to
ignorance, malnutrition and the maladministration of wealth, and your senso of chivalry
will no longer allow you to neglect tho Maries
and Elizabeths of tho twentieth century. If
Btnto endowment of motherhood is tho only
remedy, are you bravo and kind and strong
enough to get it for us, aud thus redeem
us from tho race-suicide that threatens our
national life)
I know you havo a staff of visiting ladles,
for one held up her bands in holy horror
last week because I did not believo in the
Immaculate Conception. But your district
ladies come at awkward times, generally when
we are rushing over the preparations for the
family dinner. Some of us scarce opan our
doors for fear thoy como to spy out the
land. Others opon tho door ostensibly to
receive spiritual advice, but really In tho
hopo of material gifts-—for some are poor.
But your ladies do not come to us as listers.
I think if one offered to nurse ray baby or
to turn the wringer in the name of God,
or picked up one from the huge pile ol un-'
mended stockings and filled in the hole In
tho name of the Mother of Chirst; If she
came and shared my burden of toil and
motherhood, I should be prepared almost to
swallow the Immaculate Conception or Jonah
and his whale.
Gontlemen, yon do not need to be spiritualized, but materialized, and made to face
tho everyday facts of life. If you who
scarcely soil your hands need a bathroom
to keep your' bodios clean and fit for the
Bervice of God, how much more does the
man at tho worka or the boy on tho farm
need one to keep his body fit for the service of humanity! If you need leisure and
silence for communion with the Father, how
much more bo does a woman who has no
one room she can call her own and who
toils from 6 a.m. till 11 p.m. with no break I
Altruism Is lho keynote of tho Christian;
but altruism is only possible under a collective and co-aperativo atate. In the trades
unions, co-operative, and other socialist movements, wo soe hands stretching out towards
the dawn of brotherhood, Have they no
need of you, and you of them I If so, what
are you doing to help or hearten! It may
be that the welfare of a thousand families
is pitted against the welfare of one; and
you have beon invariably on tho side of the
one; because it waB of your class and you
understood it, the thousand you misundor-
tood and lost. We pity you becauso of your
effeteness; let not our pity deteriorate into
scorn and bo into loathing.
Sirs, hurry upt The time Is ripe, and
rotten ripe, for a change. Now Is your appointed time, now is your day of salvation.
Shake off your theological Ideals and Ideas,
your chrysalis husks of creeds and ceremonies
lest they become your winding sheet. Move
In tho world of labor, politics, economics,
and chargo thoso dead things with the dynamic of a living life. Demand In no uncertain tone justice, beauty, education and
freedom for tho many oven as the few. Beautify, ennoble, and share oar drudgery of
labor, until by your co-operation thore ts
dignity In labor. Then shall tho drudgery
cease; thon perchance will the wandering
sons and daughters of earth oome back to
tho church for a mother's benediction and
find an her bosom a haven of rest for their
weary souls.
I am, your friendly critic,
A. M. MACKLEY.
[A paper read by a working womon to a
group preparing for the National Mission in
their parish.]
Editor B. C. Federationist: Tho abovo article appeared in the Daily Sun, Feb. 14,
"""     T preserved it as an echo of my own
Tranqullle Sanitarium,
March 14, 1916.
Kamloops, B,  C.
An Open Letter to the Clergy
[The Challenge, London]
Reverend Sirs: The National Mission is
over ere it had well begun. In its passing
you havo done much talking to thoso of tho
rank and file that you could get to meet
you. With your permission I, one of tho
rank and file, a working man's busy wife,
and the mother of a working olass family,
am going to reverse the order of thingB and
talk to you. Will you tako what I say In
tho kindly spirit in which it is said I You
are inside the orthodox church and lovo it.
I am outside and speak as an outsider, It
may be we are of one faith if not one creed;
our ideals may harmonize though our methods clash. It may be that labor and the
church can yet flnd some common ground
of attack againBt tho evils wo mutually deplore and for the culturo of the good we
mutually yearn for.
I venture to aBBert that one reason why
tho church has failed to gain and retain
the common people is that you have confined
God to thiB or that particular creed, when
no creed Is big or broad enough to contain
Him, and you squabble over Him as my
littlo ones usod to do on a walk as to who
should hold mother's hand; but they wero
all my children, whother I held them near
or distant; what mattered so long as we
reached home! You lock up God in this
or that building of dim light and stale at-
mosplier.\ call it God's house and speak of
meeting Him there, when, in reality, He Is
in every place, if you would open your eyes
to seo Him; by your side as you kneel by
th: altar steps, by mine as I stand at. thc
washtub cleansing the children's clothes or
at the Hewing-machlne fashioning their tiny
garments; but so shutting up God you have
made Him a Sunday idol, and you and I
have drifted apart, Your work is "sacred,"
mlno "secular." You aro a "divine," I
am a mother-drudge. Our lives clash when
they should be complementary, You have
stupidly failed to recognize tbe triple alliance—body, soul, mind—of humanity, and
thus a sharply defined chasm cleaves asunder the secular and the sacred, a chasm tlmt
must be bridged ere it widens If you would
not have your houso left unto you desolate.
Yon, my brothers in tho cloth, are paid
to preach tho gospel, and thus, co-operating
—lth  God  on  a moral  and   spiritual  plane,
feed His lambs." Others, my brethren In
corduroy, aro paid to till the soil, herd the
, cattle, sow tho seed, reap the harvests, and
J thus, co-oporating with God on a material
plan in making the oarth bad and blossom
and boar fruit, also "feed His lambs." But
what a gulf divides you educationally, socially, in your housing and outlook I What relation does your lord bishop bear to a laborer! I know not what would be the result
to the workers if you all ceased to function
on tho spiritual plane, for God can never
fail; truth can never die, love Is eternal;
nnd this trinity Is sufficient to redeem tha
world with or without you. But I do know
that If the man at the plough failed, nature
would soon run riot And starve us all, both
priest and people. Hnvo yon no vision of
His greatness to give the patient sower and
reaper! Can you not lift his work to a
highor level! Does that bent back and brow,
furrowed with winter snows and summer
heats, menu nothing to you! Owe you not
a debt of gratitude to him I If so, take
that horny hand In your soft white one,
and with bared head swear fenlty to your
ono Father, and swenr, too, that for Hodge
and his family life shall broaden nnd deepen
until nt last he may stnnd among you equal
men with men.
Sirs, you speak reverently of Mary nnd
Elizabeth fnr wbat they gave to the world
by way of motherhood. In theory mother-
bnod Is a crown of glory and a song of
life; but In ncliinl fact It Is drudgery nnd
anxiety, and for Inck of vision the people
perish. I had a story whispered In my ear
yesterday In a voice that trembled through
bloodless lips, a story that may he multiplied by the thousand. "You will think I'm
wicked, Mrs, Mncklry, but I nearly lust my
life. I was pregnnnt, and I dare not (ell
you wbat I did to force from me a life tbat
might have blessed, because I was afraid
in face life wltb three children on a pound
a woek." Was nly sister winked! If so,
how fnr nro you, the shepherds of her soul,
1917.       . 	
thoughts; and it expresses, to the point,
whero the working people stand with tho
clergy. I approve of Mr. McVety's statements to the clergy at Latimer hall. I agreo
with him in paying that they will havo to
cIioobo, and soon, between capital and Labor.
One of Mr. McVety's critics, writing to the
dally press, snld In part, it was no wonder
that the working men did not go to church
wben their leaders took sucb a stand. Well,
It is my belief that had the workers boen
true to themselveB and thoir haders we
would have had some practical Christianity,
instead of tho suffering we have'today, We
want a little bit of heaven on earth, just the
same as the moneyed fellow. We are tired
of this hunger, misery and degradation and
tho clergy preaches, "Have patience, and bs
content with your lot, and your reward will
be to got to heaven when you die." But the
day has como when we rebel with every
fibre of our being at the treatment being
handed out to us; we want true religion,
which consists of tho right to live, not oxist
—bnt live for the uplift, love and friendship of our fellowmen the world over. I
send you the nbove article as It adds weight
to Mr. McVety's argument, and more so,
coming from the othor side of the globe, lt
goes to prove that the workers nre up and
doing, and that they understand as never
before that they havo to work out their
own   salvation,
A WORKING WOMAN.
Vancouver, March 17, 1918.
Those Shipyard Millionaires!
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I enclose an
article from the Sunset Magaslne, entitled
"The Shipyard Hold-up, and to whose editor I contributed an article correcting his
ungodly' idea of the amount of wealth, ease
and happiness tbe shipyard workers were
enjoying.
It is indeed strange, passing strange, that
editors that come and go in the night, can
sit enthroned at the roll-top desk and formulate such grotesque ideas as, for instance,
rlvetters earning a modest $90 per week.
Why (Wait till I take anothor shot in
the arm) I know a "water boy" who works
in a local yard, spends that every week for
chewing gum! I know one fitter's halper
who occupies the' royal suite at the Hotel
Vancouver and who gave a $50-a-plato dinner, presenting each guest with a diamond
as big as a cobblestone. True, he had to
work four hours overtime that week. Did
you ever go down to Coughlan's and count
the 2fl8% Bufck cars—I say 286% advisedly because one wns a rebuilt Ford, A bank
manager wns telling mo that thoy had refused to receive nny more deposits from
shipyard workors, as they were glutting tho
financial markot.
All this and morel But still tho "flsh
and chip" Joints 'e?d our budding ship-
worker millionaire. Still their lunch buckets
contain one jam sandwich, one meat sandwich, one doughut, 37 degree chunk of dried
apple pie, and a napkin. Still they swing
— tho hand straps of the "workers' go-
"     Still thsy rise  to   the operatic so-
mentioned. ThiB Bo-called "junk" consisted
of pamphlets issued by the United States
government. YeB, und on lho board Issuing
said pamphlets, tho United Mine Workers
aro ropresonted by their ex-president, John
P. White. The miners themselves fooling
It essential that ono of their number Bhould
be thore at Washington, and supporting this
contention by deciding in the recent international conventibn, that it was in the intorest
of the U. M. W. of A. that Bro. White
should bo paid for his services by our organization—1752 delegates in convention,
with but few dissenters agreed with this
idea. To dwell in detail with the formulation* of tho presont fuel administration board
and Its functions would not interest certain
readers, but it Bhould Intorest the miners,
but we take this opportunity of explaining
that this and many other details which wo
will not cite horo, will be taken up In tho
very near future in tho local union meetings on Vancouvor Island.
Next we learn that tho communication notifying the raise of per capita tax from 25
cents to 50 cents per month caused a "holy
row," thon we read, "our membership cannot see the need of so much monoy being
sent to the international, especially as tho
policy of the executivo board with tho master class Is peace at any price," then, "They
(tho board) say, do not cease work."
To tho first point wo eay, there is no reason for not knowing why tho increase in per
capita tax. The general office would gladly
furnish our local unions or any momber with
such information as thoy desiro re tho affairs of our organization, Howover, it should
bo common knowledge to nny old member
of tho U. M. W, A. who has followed the
history of tho movement for the past few
years, that tho 25 cents per month per capita was Insufficient to moot tho extraordinary
amount of striko relief that was boing paid
and pay the regular running expenses. Can
wo not remember that boforo the Nova Scotia strike was closed, Wost Virginia was
on, and before that was closed Colorado
striko was waging in both north and south.
Again before Colorado was cleaned up eastern Ohio was engaged in ono of the noblest
battles ever fought, with our international
officers begging for money, and ashamed to
even think of tho scanty allowance paid
the Ohio brothers. Many other strikes of
lesser magnitude woro also taking placo, During these strenuous times for tho International organization, District 18 and Vancouver Island miners received rolief. Much
might be stated hero. However, suffice to
stato, whilst not for a moment suggesting
anyone got too much to eat during the last
strikes mentioned, the amount of relief per
week per family in said strikes was the
largest ever paid in any district under our
jurisdiction, and furthermore, miners in the
contral competitive field at tho time in many
inBtancos working merely ono or two dayB
per week, paid their assessment in order
that we might obtain our relief.
To the second point we Bay positively that
the man who characterizes tho U. M. W.
board's policy as peace at any price, Ib unaware of the facts, Those who hold that
belief must be absolutely Ignorant of what
is being done in Western Kentucky, Alabama and Tonnessoc. It may be news for
suoh friends to know that our organization
is now "on the mat" witb the two greatest
corporations in America, In Alabama we
have the great steol trust with tentacles
reaching far and wide; in Colorado our famous paternal unionist, John D., junior, a
wing of the Standard OU. It may be information for our friends to know that
Alabama whero convict labor and many other ■
of the blessings of the great steol trust-
abound, we now have a recognized contract
where miners know what their earnings arc,
tho right of checkwelghmen accorded thom,
thus obviating the plan in effect not so very,
long ago, of losing - one-third or moro of
thoir coal. And tho parties assisting In,
bringing this state* of affairs about were
none other than that body who issued that
"junk" to South Wellington local union
and others. Distributing agents for the
representatives of tho plutocrats, as our
friend says, yet strango to state the Alabama
coal oporators would not accept tho "junk"
issued by Washington, hut we flnd the ma
jority of them did later.
Tho third point: "Thoy sny, do not ceaso
work." Yes, they afty that, but thore is
somothing additional said at the same time.
Half a truth is oftentimes misleading. In
harmony with the policy of tho organisation
whioh Is amended or reaffirmed at oach In-
ternationl convention, wo any, do not cease
work until you havo complied with the stipulations of your joint agreement, and the
lawB of your organization, but having done
that don't fool yourself Into believing that
districts of the United Mine Workers which
follow tho laws or tho organization thon
say do not cease work, for having followed
the-Haw they aro free—with tbe sanction of
the international—to striko the district. It
would surprise many of our Canadian members who criticise tho policies of our union
wore they to realize how many of our mom'
bers in tho well-established districts, win
their cases and collect substantial compensation whero they may be locked out, on the
other hand, win decisions which monn money
without the loss of a day's work. When
tho nffnlrs of a district nre conducted In the
manner and way proscribed tbey command
prestige and respect, very littlo of that ws
linvo experienced on this side, for the roason
possibly, lack of adopting similnr methods.
There is quite a difference In our policy
of keeping contracts inviolate, ar' '~   * "
. ._„   „ .,,,«>i«u-, and lawfully
conducting ourselves to a policy nf pacifism.
If the history of the U. M. W. of A. Is one
of pacifism, then I am proud of being called
chrt.'
lection wafted through the morning air, from
nn HO-cent Gorman alarm clock. Still they
drag their leaden feet to the human slaughter-houses, where tho drone of the whintb
automatically registers that they shall eat
or sleep. Freo, free as a mule with 150 boom-
chains tied tn his tail.
I have rend no many lies' about the prosperity of tho shipyard workers that I now
believe them, and any such worker who declares he has not $10,000, three cars and
hns not had his appondix removed—woll, I
think he Is lying so woll that hs is telling
the truth,
Speed tip", boys. We rioed the money first
nnd the ships socond. That's the idea of
the boss. With you, remembor, it Is safety
first. R?membor this end then so many of
your kind will not bc brought ont In the
stretchers nnd congest tho hospitals,
fl. H. COOKE.
Vancouver, Mnrch   18,   1918,
International versus National Unlona
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: Wc(nad the
last Issue of The Federatlonist with considerable interest, and nmong other things, an
artkle—If not misunderstood—fostering tho
idea* of secession from an International orgnnizntion. Snid nriicl- should bo of particular Interest to internationalist unionists
nnd especially so to tho membors of tho
United Mine Workers of America. This subject warrants nttontlon, therefore, if In attempting to uphold the spirit of Internationalism, wo trespass boyond tho pnlo of
brevity, wo ernvo your Indulgence.
Dealing with the various matters In the
order written, we first not tho statement,
"We also received n'bunch of junk from
our international executivo board . . ." Tho
language used clearly demonstrates the feeling of the  user thereof,   toward tho  board
a pacifist.
We nre told "mnny mon have pulled away
lately," thereby ostensibly registering their
protest against tbe international buying liborty bonds with their 25 cents per month.
To that wc wilt say very mildly, possibly
if it wore not that excuse another could be
found. We have seen characters pull away
before, and act as silly as the child who
rebels against faking a laxative medicine,
though same may save its lifo. We shall
deal with cheap-dues organizations nnd liborty bonds on the ground, (fur views on
war are fairly woll known, therefore it should
prov interesting when discussing tho bonds
question.
Our friend says he has not attended ....
international convention, and knows not
whether it is fortunate or unfortunate. Wo
will say.very definitely, it is unfortunate
for many reasons, We have seen men going
down to tho states from this side, who wero
going to revolutionize things over night, In
most Instances these parties never took tho
convention floor to advance thoir thoughts;
but they apparently camo bnck wiser men.
j Owing to our familiarity with tho upper
I country we fully appreciate what is meant
by tho Canadians getting all they havo in
spite of the opposition of the international.
The same thought was expressed in District
18 convention, but when tho International
committee got through at said convention
thore were delegates who disabused their
minds of tho groat things they had obtained
despite the opposition of tha international—
$5.89 per day for miners, tlmbormon, tracklayers, etc., in the northwestern districts,
as against $4.42 (Including two bonuses) in
District 18 for similar classes of labor,
speaks for itself. True, the northweatorn
miners are supposed to work a slightly longor shift. Mon and boys in the northwest
are working 20 days a month and take
home $80 per month extra as their last
advance; working the same number of days
In District 18 would net a person $0,80 nor
month (tho two bonuses). 8o the "getting
In spite of the international" has been very
slim.
Now our friend, writing of Drumheller,
ngain exemplifies tho truth of tho old adage,
"A littlo knowledge is a dangerous thing."
Tho Drumheller miners, except those at th?
Moody mine, were out in violation of the
orders of the district .officers, and also the
orders of tho last diatrict convention—we
were there and therefore should know. Just
as much a caae bf Insubordination (to use
military terms) as wan the action of District 18 themselves back in the summer of
1917. The lesson of law and order and
rebelling against the government (in this
Instance, District 18) was thus very forcibly brought home to the district themselveB. We shall be Interested In learning
of the action of South Wellington local executive, and would dearly like to be present
when th? report is being discussed,
friends, every little movement has a meaning of itB own. We have aU heard it said
at different times, as advico to working
men. Any time you will flnd Mr. Employor
advises you a certain way, if you do just
tho opposite, you will not be very far wrong.
In the majority of instances if tho history
of tho past is any guide, tho foregoing boro
some truth. Wo have from time immemorial received tho kindly advice of our pastors and masters and thoir satellites, and
fairly well followed it, with the result thot
we have been brought to the place1 whore
we havo to unlearn so many things that
havo been taught ub In the past/that it takes
considerable timo to make progress, Thereforo, let as not on this occasion fall for the
bait. Thero may be somo trivial, temporary
advantage gained with a national union—
we seriously question even that—but we aro
absolutely convinced of tbo ultimate failure
of such a project. Why Is tbe national spirit
breathed and fostered! Why the pride of
land of birth, etc.! Is it with the Idea of
emancipating tho worker I Any student
knows it is not. We confess surprise at
mon schoolel in tho advance theories propagated in the west for many yoars past, wishing to revert to national Ideas, For instance,
"A White B.C." union would surely bo interesting, especially on the Island, whoro tho
press last woek tells ub 52 por cent, of the
workmen aro Asiatics. My frionds, bo very
careful, lest you unconsciously stop to tho
tune called by your master. Far hotter bo
sure than sorry, Tho age of trust and national unions sounds terribly discordant. Bide
your time, and rather than discuss all what
you consider tho weaknesses of your organization, In tho public press, flrst bo positive you nro seized with tho facts. For
years in tho west, Industrial unions havo had
thoir task hardened by Intellectual giants
In what they said waB Marxian philosophy,
slamming tho Labor movement at every opportunity, Wo, frankly confess wo may bo
wrong ourselves, but in Groat Britain nnd
North Amorica, regardless of what may be
said to the contrary, tho Labor movoment
has played Its part, and will do n greater
work whon all dotermino to organize 100
por cont. in our presont unionB. Tho place
to change any policy Ib within tho ranks
as a momber or members, not knock from
tho outside, or start a movement of your
own. This applies as forcibly to tho American Federation of Labor aB any other movement.
Slaves awake, take off your blinkers;
Order not, coffee and sinkers.
You've  tilled the soil,  garnerd  the   grain;
All Is yours, so stake your claim.
DAVE REES.
Vancouver, March 20, 1918.
Just Bo, Just Sol
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: In your iesuo
of March 15, on tbo front page, is an article headed "General Bight-Hoar Bill Is
Finally Blocked." In reading the article
I flnd this sentence, "One doesn't have to
search very hard to find why Oliver is opposed to an eight-hour day; then follows
tho writer's views and reasons. Now, I
would like to givo my views. I do not think
tho writer searched far enough nor in the
right direction. I do not think tho majority
of workors want an eight-hour day, and in
proof of that Is tho fact that thoy bave not
got It. If they wantod it thoy could havo
it whenever they want It, and the Hon. John
Oliver nor any othor Oliver or Allunder
could stop them. Tho very fact as is stated
In thiB same article that "J. H. Hawthornthwaite, tho solo representative of tho working
class in tho house," shows tbat the workors
are not interested in an eight-hour day or
any other workingman" s legislation or they
could have had a full house.
On page five, in another article, Mr. Oliver is characterized as a "jumping jack."
Now a jumping jack does not jump unless
someone pulls the siring, and therefore someone must have pulled tho string, and that
clearly was not tho one's in favor of an
eight-hour day. Now, ai the workers havo
tbe strength to take tho string away from
any other combinations that mny have it and
could pull it and have- Honest John bob
up in favor of an eight-hour day if they
want to (and be sure would!), thon clearly
It Ib thoir own fault If they don't do bo.
It Is au old fault and weakness of the
human race to blame somebody olse for
anything that goes wrong, und I am sorry
to sen Tho Federatlonist fall for It; lot tho
workors look to themselves.
Ono of the failings of tbe working class
is to want work, and more work; so that
if it was put to a vote of tho union men
of this province, I doubt very much if the
voto could be made unanimous. I dare the
executive of the Dominion Trado Congress
to try it, and if they succeed, to go ono
stop furthor—opon up a room tn every part
of tho province and give all tho citizens an
opportunity to voto a proposition of this
nature:
Voting Card
I am In favor of an eight-hour day,
and if tho majority of my fellow-work ors
vote In favor 1 will on Jan. 1. 1919,
ceaso work after eight hours and will
not work longer for double time or any
other timo. Yob  No	
Name-
by the hocus-pocus of high finance was able*'
under the cover of law to rob them of the
wealth they had produced and give them
baok a slaves' portion.
The programme of tbe Federated Labor
Party to secure "Industrial legislation and
tho collective ownership and democratic operation of tho means of wealth production, '
will stop that robbery and will enable us to
build bottor homes. Everybody bet In and
help.
GEORGE F. STIRLING.
Salmon Arm, B. 0., March 19, 1018.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETB
first and third Thursdaya. Executive
hoard: President, G, J. Kolly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; aeoretary and business agent,
V. R. Midgley; treasurer, F, Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J. F..Poole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Criwford, V.
A. Hoover,
ALLIED PRINTING TRADEB COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday in the month. President,  Geo. Bartley;  secretary, R, H. Nee*
lands, P.O. Box ■"
BARTENDERS' LOOAL SO. 076—MEETS
flrst Sunday of eaoh month, Labor Temple,
Presidont, Frank McCann; financial secretary,
Wm. Mottishaw, 610 Holden Bldg., Box
424, Phone Sey. 2572; recording socretary,
Wm.  Mottishaw,  P.O,  Box 424,  Vancouver,
B. 0.	
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tlonal Union of America, Local No, ISO-
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays Ib tha
month, Room 205, Labor Temple, President,
L. E. Herrltt; aeeretary, 8. II. Grant, 1671
Alberni atreet.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO.l—
Meets aecond and foarth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, Chaa, F. Smith;
corresponding aeeretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanolal aeeretary, W. J. Pipes.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meets every second and foarth
Monday evening, S p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, H. W. Hatley; financial seeretary,
G. Thom; recording secretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phono Bey. 7496.
BREWERY WORKERSTlTu. NO. 211, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Wednesday! of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; aeoretary, A. E, Aahcroft, Suito 1, 1788 Foarth
avenue weat
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 194—Meeti
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Camp-
boll, 220 Becond atreet; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe street; business
aunt, J. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 213, Labor
Temple.
Address	
Occupation...
........  .a   uviiim   U1KCUBBCU,
Ro the members of the Crows Nest being
dissatisfied, If the action of tho 40 dole-
fates present In thoir convention is any
criterion of what the membership will lie
like, then It augurs woll for the relationship
between   Distrlr.t   ifl   on-i   •*••*   '--*	
gates   present  In   thoir   convontion  is  any
riterlon   of  what   thr-  ~—*•—*-'-     '"   "
"ie, then It augurs w... .  _ ,.
tween District 18 and tho International
union, Again, It may be well to state there
are over 12,000 miners organlz?d in Nova
Scotia, nnd they are anxious to becomo members of the U. M. W. of A.; any dny mny
seo this brought about. A splendid feeling
prevails there, so much so. that many who
movod west following tho bitter strike there,
aro agroenbly surprised. Tho P. W. A. Is
extinct, and tho workers here should not
misunderstand thn Amalgamated Mine Workers nf Nova Scotia. Thoy are not nationalists
hy nny means; thoy have done splendid work
In building tip a goo>| orgnnizntion, and
burying tho old eyesore, tho Provincial
Workmen's  Association.
We have heard this philosophy of Cnnndinn union and Ub wonderful possibilities
spoken of beforo In olher places than tho
ranks of Labor. Do you recall the very
pntriotic objections certain oporators on Vancouver Island hnd to dealing with a foreign
organizntion. Woro said operators hoping to
donl wltb a purely Canadian organization
beoause it would bo moro powerful, have
mon) evolutionary Ideas, and thereby wrest
from thom a littlo more of thoir profit! Wo
nlso found the august government officinls
during said strike, more or lonn In sympathy
with a Canadian union, and a committee
from tho workmen rather thnn from the
union, etc,   etc., to do business with.    Yes,
Now by taking a voto of this kind we
would know whother the majority of tha
workers wore in favor of an eight-hour day
or not.
Mr. Kingsley, at a meeting in Now Westminster, said that only 40 per cent, of tho
people were really useful workors. Now, If
that is so, nnd I have no doubt It is. then
all we would.need would bo a mnjority of
thnt 40 per cent, to bo In fnvor, nnd wo
would havo our eight-hour day, and nm hnve
to blackguard John or mnke a domt-god nf
J. H. Hawthornthwaite. Wo would hnvo our
oight-hour day, and If Mr. Oliver made any
remarks about It wo could ask him who wos
running this province, he or tbo people.
I have read or heard It somewhere: a story
that whon Mr. Gladstono was premier of
England, he presented a bill to Queen Victoria to bo signed; she refused—ho said,
"But, madam, you must." "Sir, do you
know to whom you are speaking!" "Yob,
mam; to the queen of Grent Britain, the
empress of Iroland nnd of India. Do you
know to whom you nre speaking!" "Yes
Bir; to William E. Gladstone." "No-mam
yoa aro speaking to the people of Englnnd.'
And in conclusion, I might just Bay we
could make any other law Svo wished to In
the same manner.
A. J. WILSON
1648 Gravoloy stroot, March 17, 1918.
Prairie "Home" Life
Editor B, 0. Federationist: The othor day
I wns billed to speak at a small town on tho
prairie -and arriving there an hour or so before supper, I took a walk out from the town
about half a mile, thinking that maybe I
would get some Inspiration from the desolation, and I did. I looked back at the town
and it reminded me of Paris with its beautiful boulevards, its gay arcades and its light
fantastic statuary. It reminded me of Paris
for the same reason that hell might remind
a person of heaven.
Outside of the slums of Candlerlgs, In
Glasgow, or the Closes off tho High streot in
Edinburgh, I don't remember ovor looking
upon sueh a picture of miserable matchbox
stores, or such a collection of shiplap and
shingles wblch represented the homes of the
workers of that town ,and disfigured the
tandscape. And as If to add Irony to the
scene, thoro was a huge advertisement spreading Itself along the side of tho local lumber
yard, whore the dwellers in these unsightly
shacks, and the empire builders coming In to
town from their homesteads 16, 20 and 25
mites away, could not fall to see It.
The legend of the advertisement was
BUILD BETTER HOMES. And before I
could collect nny parliamentary English to
describe my disgust, I heard raya-plf saying
aloud, "You're goddam righti Build better
homes) Wear better clothes I Eat hotter
fond I Raise better babies! Livo like human
bolngs, Instead of herding together In buildings little better than rabbit hutches, and
dressing yonr wives In cotton, and your babies In flannelettes, and yourself In shoddy.
Yes, I was Inspired all right. I took that
text for my remarks In tha evening, "Build
Better HomeB.'' Why Is It that those
prairie farmers and In 4act tbe wealth producers everywhere don't build better homos!
Why in it thoy work till their muscles are
racked with rheumatism, and their backs an
bent with toil! A stranger from another
planet would suspect that thoso people tn
that prairie town were either'fools or idlers.
Fools for not building better homes, or too
Idle to build thein.
It was no surprise to mo, however. I
knew those people worked hard. I know
that many of them had for years beon pro-
ducing wealth and suffering tho rigors of that
relentless climate fn tho winter. I know
that they needed no daylight-saving bill to
bo passed Into law to mako them got up
in the morning, or would pay any attention
to eight-hour laws to mako tbem quit In
tho ovoning. Most of them had an eight-
hour day In tho morning and an eight-hour
day In tho nfternonn, Why did they not
build hotter hoinos!
The nnswer Is simple. "They planted
and anothor ate of tho fruit thereof." Thoy
created suffilont wenlth to build palatini mnn-
liorts decorated with artistic porticos nnd
verandahs, to clothe their wives In silk nnd
thoir babies in fine Unon; to furnish their
houses with nil modern conveniences; with
upholstered oasy clinlrs to rest thoir tired
limbs, and musical Instruments to rasp their
jaded nerves, But a small soction of the
community, by reason of private ownership
of tbe milts,  elevators,  railroads, etc., and
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES,
Local 28—Meets every first and third
Wednesday at 2:80 p.m.; socond and foarth
Wednesdays at 9:00 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Fred. Harris; secretary and business agent, Wm. Mackenzie, Room 209, Labor
Templo. Offlce hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, 3. R. Flynn, 610 Moodle
stroot, New Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phone Bey.
7405.
DEEP BEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THB
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday. 7 p.m., at
467 Gore avenue.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meets ln Room 205,    Labor   Temple,
evory  Monday,   8  p.m.    President,  D.  W.
MoDeagall,    1162 Powell street; recording
secretary,    John Murdock,    Labor Temple;
flnanclal socrotary and buslneas agent, E, H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple, .
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and hall, 804
Pendor  stroet   west.     Meets   every  Friday,
8 p.m.    Secretary-treasurer,    F.  Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly,
h Auoti   WCAli-aMi,    AUXILIARY-
t Marine  _W«rehouseraen     and     Freight
.            ., _. vu,.uBi-iuun      mu     r reigni
Handlers).  Headquarters,   486 Howe atreet.
M««t.   fl«»  —■»   third  Wednesday,  8  p.:
alness agent, E. Winch.
Meets   first   and" third   Wedneaday,   8   p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
MACHINISTS'   NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 6 p.m. President,
J. Wallace;  recording secretary, J. Brooke;
financial secretary, J. fi. McVety, Room 211
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT~CUTTER8 AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—Meets
first and third Tuesdays of each month,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lano; recording secretary, E. Lofting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson,  587 Hoirier streot.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
Amorica (Vancouvor and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fonrth Mondaya,
Room 204, Labor Temple, Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant street ;> financial secretary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables street;
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247
Point Grey road.    Phone Bayvlew 2970L,
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, LOCAL
No. 198—Meots second and foarth Thursdays of each month, Room 808, Labor
Temple. Presidont, D. Hughes; vice-president, D, Hughes; financial-sec, L. Amos;
recording socretary, S. Gould, 2149 Georgia
street east.
RETAIL CLERKS' UNION, LOOAL 279—
Meets In Labor Temple overy first and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Earl
P. Cornett, 056 Eleventh avenne east; secretary-treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1073 Melville atroot.    Phone Soy. 5846R. /
SHIPYARD ""LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 88A, Series
-Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Lnbor Templo, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; flnnncial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W, Hardy. Office, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Plonoer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Templo, second and fourth Wedr.es- .
days at 8 p.iu. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. _. Cloveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street,
Pbone High. 168R; financial aeeretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover 2409 Clark
drive, offlce oorner Prior and Main street*.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday ln each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, W.
Laraen; reeordlng secretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial seoretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 60S.	
GENERAL TEAMBTERS' AND CHAUF-
feurs' Union, Local No. 666—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue oast, Phone Fair. 716R;
financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson street. Phone Sey. 5679. Office, 687
Homer stroot.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meets
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; Becretary-tressurer, R, H. Neelanda,
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets In
annual convention In January. Executive
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Ruport, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W, A. Sherman,
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, Box
1638, Viotorla, B. 0.
VICTORIA. B. Q.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOB
Council—Meets first aad third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Governmont street,
at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-
president, T, Dooley, 1278 Denman street;
socrotary, A, S. Wells, Box 802, Victoria,
B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF UNITED
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Meats
K. of P. ball, North Park street, on the
second and foarth Thursdays of each month.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
2042 Scott street, Victoria, B. 0.
PBPJOS BUPBBT,  B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADEB AND LABOR
Counoll—Meets second and foarth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V, 1,
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A -
Mcnts second and fourth Sundays of eaeh
month, at 8:30 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Herd; vlce-prealdent, Andrei*
Parker; recording aeeretary, James Bateman
financial secretary, W. Macdonald; troasnr
or, J, H. Richardson.
TRAIL, B.  C.
BROTHERHOOD , OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 286—Meets In Miners'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. Prsil
dent, H. Boll; sserstary, Ind OtuolL t, 0.
Drawer B., TnIL B. 0. FBIDAT March 82, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
We have
it all- f
The goods, the style, the fit and the
work
When yon buy here, you patronize
the most reliable Union Shop in this
town. You receive the best of treatment, and a guarantee of perfect fit or
money back.
Now, don't hesitate, but act. Get
your Spring Suit here and be stylish.
i    MEN'S SPITS FROM $30.00    |
LADIES' SUITS from $35.00
B.C.Tailoring Co.
Union Shop   128 Hastings St. E.   Est. 1910
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Dergns, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists'
Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS and NURSERYMEN
TWO STORES:
48 Hastings Street East,   Phone Sey. 968 and 672
728 Oranvllle Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
NURSERIES:
Twenty-first Avenne and Main Street.   Phone Fairmont 796
Hammond, B. 0.   Phone Hammond 17
Following in Footsteps bf
Great Republic in Art
of Slave Driving
Adopting American Method
of Hamstringing the
Trades Unions
[By W. Francis Ahem]
SYDNEY, N. S. W„ Feb. 18.—(Special
to Tho Federatlonist.)—Having failed to so-
cure,the enslaving of the workers of Australia by conscription, tho capitalists of Australia have started out on a new line of at*
tack. A well-defined policy has been laid
down by which tho political friends of capitalism are to attack tho workers by legislation, whilo tho employers thomsolves aro to
pay»attontion to tbo workers' futuro ou tho
industrial Held. Whother the workers will
be able to combat tho assaults that will be
mado upon thom in the future remains to
bo soon.
It-waB recently announced that tho Hughes
anti-Labor government in Australia was to
start in with a groat scheme of shipbuilding,
but bb the conditions under whioh they are
to work havo boen drawn up with duo respoct to tho capitalists, It is very unlikely
that tho unionists will agroo to tho schemo
ot all. Although tho scheme was put beforo
tho unions os early aB July last year, no
decision has been arrived at so far. Indeed,
from a report of the way the unions aro
still looking on the scheme it is orfremely
likely whother thoy will be caught by tho
honeyed suggestions laid down, at all. The
schemo alms at continuity of labor, piecework and dilution of labor, and without go-
ins Into details of the matter, Australian
unionists have seen qnito enough of how
the scheme Is working in other countries to
convince them that the scheme is not to
their benefit. They are asked to give up
the right to atrlke till twelvo months aftor
tho war. Tbis, however. Is something the
unionists of this land will not feel disposed
to surrender without a flght.
Consistent with this scheme, the chief
stato parliament of Australia has drawn up a
now Arbitration bill (Now South Wales),
which, from all appearances, might well have
beon framed by the Employers' Federation
with the direct intention of smashing the
unions. Under this bill, the workors are
asked to give 14 dayB' notice of their intention  to  strike—which  would bo extremely
Don't
Delay
—Order
At Once
Beer Brewing
Prohibited!
Take notice that on and after April 1st, 1918, the
manufacture of Beer in Canada is prohibited.
YOUR LAST CHANGE
of obtaining Genuine
Cascade or B.C. Export Beer
If you order from the following firms:
OOLD SEAL LIMITED, CALGARY
DOMINION DISTRIBUTING CO. LIMITED, OALGARY
HOSE & BROOKS CO. LIMITED, OALGARY
HUDSON'S BAY 00., MAPLE CREEK
The Beer will be delivered to your residence in Vancouver
Direct from the Brewery
rull particulars as to mailing or telegrapMng orders will lie given by following:
EMPIRE BREWING CO., 335 Main Street.'
HOSE & BROOKS, 606 Main Street.
MAPLE LEAF DISTRIBUTING CO., 831 OranviUe Street.
A. L. GARTSHORE, 722 Pender Street West.
BAND & McRAE, 768 Powell Street.
UNIVERSAL WINE CO., 64 Cordova Street.
Don't take western Canada liquor co. ltd., 137 water street.
any chances •*- E' BLACKBURN, 338 Main Street.
Buv Oascftiie THB INDEPENDENT BREWING CO., 86 HaBtings Street East.
' uasoaae *■*. 0 McBRIDE, Bigbie and Front Streets, New Westminster, B. 0.
rs  The Standard of Quality for Over Thirty Years
handy to the bosses, seeing they would have
due notice to railroad scabs to any place premeditating a strike. Thon it is proposed to
raise the apprentice age to 22, instead of 21
as heretofore. This, as will be seen, gives
tbo boss the privilege of employing young
men another at apprentice wages, whioh is
just the kind, of thing to bring joy to the
hearts of the capitalists. The powers of tho
Labor press ur<i to be curtailed under this
aot, and If they support a strike or urge
boycotts, or oven advertise a Btrike in any
way, they are to bo,penalized to tho extent
of $2500. Picketting is sought to be done
away with, while it is to be within the power
of the court to say juat which unions will be
registered as bona hde tradea unions and entitled to the rights of unions.. This, as will
be seen, means that "soab" unlona will
spring up all over tho place, especially aB a
clause in the act saya that preference will be
given to unions which have not gone on
strike for a period of 12 months. Another
clause In the act is to give the govornment
power to step in and compel the taking of a
secret ballot of any union if on strike or
deciding to go on Btrike, to seo whether it
will, do so. For the purpose of getting a
"true" reflex of tho feeling of the unionists,
the scrutineers are*" to be government officials, instead of union officials. Furthor, no
unionist is to be allowed to be bound by a
decision of tho union to contribute to funds
for political purposes, or for the purpose of
founding Labor newspapers. That is to say,
the unionists will have the right to say
whether they will receive all the benefits of
unionism gained by political action without
paying for it. The government says that
unions aro founded for mutual benoilt, and
not for tbe purposo of running parliamentary
candidates on a blook vote—by which It
will be seen that tho government is trying
its best to throttle the Labor voto through
the unions, as much as possible. There are
otber provisions in tho aot just as drustic bs
theso—all engineered with tbo idea of dealing
trades unionism a smashing blow. It Is not
thought that the unions will submit to this
treatment without a light of some kind.
Woll, wo come now to wbat tho capitalists
aro going to try and put over the workers on
tii j industrial held. It is anticipated tbat by
legislative) action, tho unions will bo weakened sufficiently for tho bosses to start in
and complete tbo industrial servitude of the
wage plugs.
The first move to introduce industrial slavery in Australia was undoubtedly the attempted Introduction of the Taylor system.
This was the cause of tbe lato striko, and
although tho workers camo badly out of that
strike, this much can be said—-Taylorisin has
bsen killed In Australia. Although the bosses
won the last strike, they bave nover dared
to introduce tbe Taylor card system into the
workshops, and the publicity thiB nefarious
system received throughout the Labor press
at the time, has been enough to kill it for
all time. But that does not mean tbat the
speed-up has beon entirely scotched. As a
matter of fact, It is to be introduced in
quite a different fashion, If the bosses can
get away with the joke,
Some fow months ago, tho capitalists of
Australia assembled in Melbourne, Australia,
and held a woek-long mooting, during which
carefully prepared plans wore talked over for
the control of tho workors. Among tho many
decisions came to was one to establish in
oaoh state an industrial diBputos council, for
the purposo of dealing with disputes in any
Footion of industry. Under this plan, mon
on striko from ono capitalist will bo unable
to get a job from anothor employer. A ays*
tern of discharge cards aro to bo Instituted—
oach employee on leaving to receive a card,
stating Bhortly the reasons for leaving. Under thiB syBtem, too, evory worker on getting a job will have to fill up a card, whieh
Is really a census sheet, giving minute details about himself—such as namo, age, placo
of residence, any other particular, identification marks, etc., where ho has worked before and so on, This card, which is numbered, Is to bo flled in tho centrnl offlco of tho
Employers' Industrial Disputes council1 in
each stato. In "short, it is a card-index system, and boiled down is much the same Bystem employed in Australia by tho police by
whioh they keep track of suspected persons
at large.
Whon a worker leaves his job or is sacked,
ho rocoivos a card on wliich It is stated tho
reason for his leaving work. He will have
to present this card beforo he can get another job. If the card gives the idea thnt
he was an agitator, a disturber of the "peaceful harmony of tho shop," or that he left
through a strike, we may be sure that hla
chances of getting anothor job will be pretty
blue. And If he asked for work without the
card, ho would be questioned in a suBplclous
manner as to why he was without one. If
he had lost It, and give his namo and description out afresh, all the boss Would do
would be to enquire at the central bureau,
and at once he would be supplied with a
full history of the worker trying to gst the
job.
In addition to this, we may be sure that
the boss for whom he worked would take Sne
oare that any objection against him would be
forwarded to tho proper quarter for filing.
It might be that the boss would stato openly on his card that his record was "good,"
yot somo mysterious numbor may be placed
on tho card which would be a clue to tho
future boss to know that he was not to bo
given a job.
This system has been brought to Australia
from Amorlcn, whither aome time ago the
bosses of Australia dispatched agents to find
out and Securo all the little points in big
bnsiness there, so (hat they could bs instituted In this country. It is plain, then, to
s-0 that tho Americanizing of tho Australian
workers is nt band, unless onr folk wake up
and guard their liberties such as thoy have
novor done before. The bosses failed to
securo whnt they wanted by conscription—
thoy now Intend to Rat it by other means.
If tho workers remain solid and prosent a
united front, the wholo scheme cnn be throttled at the birth. The capitalists know this,
and that in turn explains why they are so
anxious that the workers shall be divide* by
legislative  enactment.
Building Trades Moving for Big Union
At a recent conference in Sydney, Australia, tho Amalgamated Carpenters and Joiners,
Progressive Carpenters, Plumbers and Gas-
fitters, Australian Builders' Laborors, Fede
■ati'il Bricklayers and Paintors, met ami decided upon nn amalgamation of their various
unions into n Building Trades Foderation. It
is ostlmated that the linking up will take in
somo 50,000 unionists, whicli will bo kftwn
ns tho Building Trades Employees' association. The object uf thc amalgamation is to
organise all employees employed in the
liuildiiig trades, to do everything necessary
for their industrial welfare, to advocate and
euro tho displacement of the present competitive system nnd bring about tho collective
ownership of the means of production and
distribution, to establish and maintain a
trade journal, to establish sick, death, modi*
**ul end genernl benefit depart merit, nnd to
rain? funds for the carrying out of these objects. Proposals covering tho constitution of
tbe body by state councils and federated
grand council wero nlso cnrrlod, while contributions were fixed nt $5 for adults nnd
bnlf-ratcs for juniors and those not earning
tbo full wage.
IJ Ent flali. Flavojlo needs the bacon*
Also the money.
CO-OPERATION IS
THE UFE OF
IDE
Many Evils Flow From Unrestricted Ruthless
Competition     '
Vancouverites With a New
Principle Are Doing
Big Business
George W. Perkins, foremost American
business and financial and constructive millionaire, says: "The new principle of bnsiness that onr nnpreparednosa haa taught na
is that CO-OPERATION, and not COMPETITION, Is the life of trade," He also says
that, "On our acceptance of that principle
depends not only tho Industrial welfare of
'the country in tho future, but the social
status of our people as well. Unrestricted
competitive methods have meant keeping
waget down to the lowest point, substitution of women for men in industry, and then
the substitution of children for mon and
women. We have had all the ovils that flow
from unrestricted, ruthless competition—
costly trade wars between economlo units
that wero fighting for the same market;
adulteration of trade products and bad trade
practices; rebating, secret agreements, LOW
WAGES, OHILD LABOR, and all their attendant evils."
That's a big, cruel statement to make to
tho business world but It's a fact, and it
as plain as daylight. Bnt the capltaliat systom, being a competitive system, compels tho
business world to "carry on" the profiteering game and the big financial magnates
have found ont the evils of competition in
"aAnywear for cAnywhere"
G. B. KERFOOT
165 HASTINOS STSEKT EAST PHONE SET. 474
MEN'S SUITS—$18, $20, $22.50 to 35
Also Suits to measure, $32.50, $35.00 to $50
New Shirts, Hats, Ties, Underwear, Socks, Carhartt'b Overalls, Gloves and Working Shirts.
their straggle to, eliminate the little fallow.
Bat there It no philanthropic motive behind
these moves. It's simply a matter of building ap a more efficient machine and getting
a greater return on their investments.
The big bnsiness, employing thousands of
hands" or catering to thousands of "consumers" is ln the game for the purpose of
making profits. The unorganised condition
of the "consumer" makes him and her an
easy prey to the food monopolists, commission merchants, jobbers and cold storage
profiteers that live as a parasitic class between the producer and the consumer.
Giant monopolies have been built up In
producing food, clothing and shelter for the
publlo, snd giant businesses have been built
up In the distribution of those commodities.
The unorganised consumer thus gets tt in
the neck when purchasing commodities and
will continuo to get lt until such time as
he organises for the purpose of eliminating
the profiteer. Yes, the profiteer ean be eliminated from distribution. He has been eliminated on a large scale In many countries.
Mon and women have banded together and
started their own stores, factories, steam-
ships and 910,000 acre farms until today
we find three and a half million people ln
Great Britain, fifteen millions in America
and millions ln other countries co-operating
together to eliminate tho profiteer and obtain food, olothing and shelter without having to feed a gang of parasites whose presence boosts the cost of living.
Tbe great co-operative societies have been
a tremendous factor In keeping down the
rising cost of living ln the various countries
of the world, and tke people of Vancouver
have fallen into line and organized a cooperative Bociety at 823 Qranvllle atreet. It
is known as the "Emporium" and thousands of people took advantage of the special
sale that was  conducted last  Saturday  to
show Vancouverites the advantages to be
gained by co-operative buying. Everything
waa aold Saturday at the eame price aa Is
sold to members of the eompany every day
in the week. It costs ten dollars to become
a member and this sftm can be saved—and
it' haa been demonstrated time and time
again—on every tlOO spent for groceries,
meat, fish, poultry and vegetables sold ln
Buch places. ,
A trip around town convinced The Federationist representative that the Emporium
was selling the best at a lower price than
were other firms. The Emporium Is one
month old and Its rapid growth daring that
time has convinced the representative tkat'
thero are more poople in Vancouver with ■
co-operative spirit than was flrst conceded.
The atore is owned by the customers, henee
tho profits that accrue to other shopkeepers
remain In the pockets of the consumers who
own the Emporium,
A visit to the store will convince anyone
of the benefits. Everything Is clean, the
store is brilliantly lighted and the clerks—
who by the way are very much interested
in the growth of the business—are courteous,
give correct weight and do not try to palm
oft goods on you that you do not want, or
that are stale or unsatisfactory.
With tho continued growth of Its membership, the Emporium hopes, within another
month, to be in a position to purchase Its
goods In carload lots, thus adding to tha already big saving to the consumer, ***
PARIS.—A delegation of workmen and
Socialists of France and Belgium is about to
start for the United States with tbe Intention
of clearing np the misunderstanding viifeh
the members hold was responsible for American workmen being absent from the Inter*
Allied Labor conference in England last
month.
ami
THE HIGHEST GRADE TOBACCOS. CIGARETTES.
CIGARS AND PIPES.
WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL
THE WOjjWWfiMAMg CH-MB.
M'.KILLOP
OBRfeN
PILLIARDS.- BEST  LIGHTED  AND   VENTILATED ROOMS IN   THE CITY.
BRUNSWICK-BALKE AND BURROUGHS & WATTS  TABLES.
VICTORIA, B. 0.
j.  Ramsay  MacDonald,   M.P.,  haa  buon
■pointed editor of tbe Socialist Review,
...id it will be changed from a quarterly to
ii monthly nmgaaino.
According to the Lnbor Gazette, published
by tbo government, it look ? 12.41! In January, 1018, to buy what only cost $10.'J7 In
1917 and $7.73 in 1914, ond prloea are still
rising.
LIVERPOOL— A six-hour day will be put
into effect In April at the plant of Lever
Brothers, largest soap manufacturers In tbe
world, ft was stated recently.
HALIFAX—By a vote of nearly 98 per
cent, of their membership the Amalgamated
Mine Workers havo decided to afliHat.- with
tbe United Mine Workers of America, an
organization with 500,000 membors.
Washington, D. C.—Last year there wore
209*5 men killed in coal mining, which is nn
Incrcaso of 740 ovor the 1916 record. Secretary of tho Interior Lane says that tho speeding* up of the mines was conducive to a high
death rate.
Camas, Wash.—Mr. 0. T. Clarko, the socialist mayor of this city was recalled. The
recall was the result of the action of tho
mayor In siding aud sympathizing with tb ■
strikers when they demanded highor pay
from the paper mill here.
WASHINGTON, D. C—In summarising
reports of spccinl Investigators, tho Interstate Commerce ConunisJon sustains the
charge of railroad brotherhood executives
that the railrond managers have "laid down"
—practiced sabotage—since the govornment
has  taken  over  control of  these  properties.
SEATTLE—Efforts of striking butcher
workmen nnd meat cutters to combat tho
meat trust by the establishment of a cooperatively owned nnd controlled packing
plant Bnd retails market have culminated
In the building nf a large packing house at
Ronton .function nnd the purchase of the
Independent Packing Compnny stand In tho
South End Market for $30,000.
WASHINGTON—Flat pny Increnses of 15
per cent, for nil employees In tho postal
service, whether on annual salary or day*
pny basis, and Including those of all grades
and classes, wns reromni'iided by the innate
postoffice subcommittee in reviewing tho nn-
nual postoffice appropriation bill. The Increases were declared to be necessary to
m.>ct the Increased cost of living due to tbe
A_\ m\   «5l
The Dominion
Income War Tax
Its Meaning and Application.
THE Dominion Income War Tax Act, passed at the last session of
Parliament is now in force and all those liable to taxation under
the provisions of the Act must file the required returns for the
year 1917, on or before 31st March, 1918;
The Act provides that there shall be assessed, levied, and pud upon
the 1917 income of every person residing or ordinarily resident in
Canada, a tax upon income exceeding $1500 in the case of unmarried
persons and widows or widowers without dependent children, and
upon income exceeding $3000 in the case of all other persons.    /
Corporations and joint stock companies carrying on business in Canada)
no matter how created or organized, shall pay the normal tax upon
income over $3000. The fiscal year of corporations and joint stock
companies may be adopted if desired.
Your Immediate Obligation.—You are now required by law to
fill out in triplicate, one or more of the five special forms enumerated
below. Read the particulars about the forms provided, then note the
form or forms that fit your case. ■ Don't forget to make three copies.
You keep one copy, and in the case of Forms Tl and T2, deliver two
to the Inspector of Taxation for your district In the case of Forms
T3, T4 and TS, two copies must be filed with the Commissioner of
Taxation at Ottawa. . 7
Penalties.—Default in filing returns renders the person or persons
liable on summary conviction to a penalty of one hundred dollars for
each day during which the default continues. Any person making a
false statement in any return or in any information required by the
Minister of Finance shall be liable on summary conviction to a penalty
not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to six months imprisonment,
or to both fine and imprisonment
FORMS TO BE FILLED IN AND FILED
Individuals.—Form Tl is for all individuals having the requisite
income.   Fill in pages 1, 2 and 3, make no marks on page 4.
In giving particulars of dividends received, state amount received
from each company, listing Canadian and Foreign Companies separately.
Partnerships as such need not file returns, but the individuals forming
the partnerships must.
Corporations and Joint Stock Companies must fill in Form T2,
showing total income. Amount paid during the year to Patriotic and
Canadian Red Cross Funds, and other approved war funds, should be
shown under Exemptions and Deductions. A financial statement
should also be attached. In giving particulars of dividends received,
state amount received from each Company, listing Canadian and
Foreign Companies separately.
Trustees, Executors*, Administrators ef Estates and Assignees
use Form T3, to state particulars ot the distribution of income from
estates they are handling. A separate form is required for each
estate and total incomes must be given as well as distribution thereof.
Employers. On Form T4 employers shall make a list of the names of
employees and amounts paid to each in salaries, bonuses, commission,
or other remuneration wherever the combined sum of such remuneration
for the calendar year 1917 amounted to $1000 or more. This applies
to all classes, regardless of number of such employees.
Corporations Listing Shareholders.—Corporations and Joint Stock
Companies shall list on Form TS Shareholders residing in Canada to
whom Dividends were paid during the calendar year 1917, stating the
amounts of dividends and bonuses paid to each.  '
Don't wait till the last minute. Get the necessary forms now, and
make your information accurate and complete.
Forms may be obtained from the District Inspectors of Taxation
and from the Postmasters at all leading centres.
Postage must be paid on all letters
and documents forwarded by mail
to Inspector of Taxation.
, Department of Finance
Ottawa, Canada
Inspector of Taxation, A. O. McOuuUeu, HoUons Bank Building, Vancouvor, B. C. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COI^^A FEDERATIONIST
""Bay Right and You'll Buy Less"
Men's Cashmere
Socks
5 Pairs for $1.00
THESE socks were made for
us a long time ago, but we
have had difficulty in getting shipment made. However,
here they are. We could sell
them to the wholesalers at a
higher price than this, but not
in accordance with "Our Right
Selling Plan," under which our
oustomers receive the benefit
from our foresight in buying
and we offer these hose at 5
pairs for $1.00.
PEOPLE DRIVEN OU!
OF PRSviNCE BY
TAXATION
Legislature WiU Have Subject of Taxation for
Reconsideration
PBlDAY-.:u;;;1:;;:..:„...;..._..MaT6h  22,   1918
Vancouver's
Onion Men's
Clothes Shop
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTION OB CHEERFULLY
REFUND YOUR MONEY
Kingsley at Vanconver Institute
This -&b the subject of the Vancouver Institute lecture at the university
on Thursday, given by Mr. E. T. Kings-
ley. He said capital was fundamentally the control of labor, and on the other
hand, Labor was the sole producer of
wealth. Life was not labor, but was
itso very antithesis. The state was
purely and simply a ruling-class institution, forming the instrument by which
the ruling clasB maintained its control
of human labor. Ownership of the
means of production simply meant the
control of the users of that machinery,
with power to appropriate everything
produced'.
Still Anotntr Labor Publication
Tol. I., No. 1 of tbe Canadian Labor Proas,
published at Ottawa, Ont., haB reached The
Federationist exchange table. It bas eight
pages, seven columns, and Ib produced on
book paper. The manager Ib Edward H.
Mots. It starts out as a monthly, bnt
promises a weekly at an early date. In
order to make it look all right lt Ib giving away Ub stock to Labor organizations
throughout Canada. It contains no adver-
Using save of tho government, and ita
ultra-patriotic tinge rather aets one guessing.
The letter-press Ib all right, but the contents aro somewhat of a rehash and looks
like the product of a professional advertising agency. Howover, there ts lots of room
in Canada.   On with the dance.
OTTAWA.—The Seattle Dally Call, t> socialist daily about eight months old, which is
the most vigorous radical dllly paper on the
Pacific Coast, has been barred from circulation in Canada. Any one found with It Is
liable to arrest and two yoars' imprisonment.
Winnipeg—The law amendments committee
of the Manitoba legislature, considering the
question of a provincial minimum wage law
for women, decided agalnBt the adoption of
the arbitrary schedule submitted by the
Labor representation, and tbe whole question
will be submitted to a commission to decide
on the terms of a minimum wage law for this
province.
LONDON—Prof. Gilbert Murray, England's most liberal pro-war intellectual, describes the position of Leon Trotsky, foreign
minister of the Bolshoviki, as followa: "In
international policy he la not only the horo
of the hour, bat perhaps the most outstanding and startling figure of tbe whole war.
What is it exactly that he has done! He
has convinced tha suffering masses of Germany and Austria of bis good faith. They
Bee in his their own friend and the enemy of
the oppressors. They will auspeet imperialist England, revengeful France, and plutocratic America. Whatever we say, they will
suspect ub, but Trotsky has proved his good
faith."
Saturday Specials
GROCERY SPECIALS
B. C. Sugar, 5-lb. cartons  60c
Paris Lumps, 2-Ib. cartons  26c
St. Charles Milk, 20-oz. tins  12c
Pacific Milk, 20-oz. tins  lie
Magic Baking Powder, 12 ozs.... 22c
Eggo Baking Powder, 12 ozs.... 28c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 for  26c
Shaker Salt, 3 for  25c
Lux, per pkg.   He
Pearline, per pkg  He
Tomato Catsup, B. 0., per bot.. 23c
B. C.  home brand  Sweet or
Soar Pickles  29c
B. C. home brand Sweet   or
Sour Chow Chow  29c
Malkin'b Best Coffee  40c
Malkin's Best Tea  -16c
Special for Saturday
Cauliflower, Lettuce, Bananas, Ap*
pleB, etc.
POULTRY SPECIALS
Fancy Local Fowl, per lb  30c
Fancy Local Chicken, per lb  35c
BEEF SPECIALS
Fancy Oven Boasts, per lb  26c
Fancy Pot Boasts, per lb  SOe
Best Cut Sirloin Stoak, perlb.... 36c
Best Cut Porterhouse Steak, lb 35c
TBone Boasts, per lb  30c
Rib Boast, per lb  28c
Boiling Beef, por lb  18c
New Zealand Mutton
Legs, per lb  30c
Loins, per lb  250
Fine Bib Forequarters,* per lb.. 22c
Fork Specials
Legs, per lb  36c
Fancy Boast Pork, por lb  30c
DELICATESSEN SPECIALS
Swift's Premium Boiled Ham, lb 66c
Veal Loaf, per lb  30c
Ham Loaf, per lb  30c
Pressed Corn Beef, per lb  36c
Jellied Tongue, per lb  60c
Cold Boast Mutton, per lb  65c
Pork Pies  6c
The Emporium
CO-OPERATIVE
823 ORANVILLE STREET
PHONE SET. 908
Easter Millinery In All Its Glory
Make your selection now while our extra large stock is most
complete.
UNTRIMMED SHAPES, all shades, $1.08 and up.
We will welcome your inspection.
THE PATRICK CO.
632 ORANVILLE STREET
PHONE SEY. 3291
BIC CET ACQUAINTED SALE
We have just purchased the Mickey Richardson
business, and are making a big sacrifice of profits to
get acquainted.
Men's and Boys' Clothing and Men's Furnishings
at big reductions.
Don't neglect this sale, it means $$$$$$$$ to you.
Our name is a small thing to look at, but a mighty
big thing for you to find.
We are newcomers to your city, and we want you
to become one of our satisfied customers.
"WE CAN SERVE YOU BETTER"
The Jonah-rPrat Co.
Expected Antiquated Poll-
tax Will Be Continued
for the Present
The electorate is booh to be edified
by a discussion among legislators of
things taxable and not taxable, and
very few objects customarily taxed,
such as male beings, aro going to escape. The government loves to roll its
tongue over the word "scientific"
when it talks of taxation. The late
promier, who did not know a groat deal
about taxation, coined the word for tho
present government, and they have been
using it till it is about worn out already. Whilo the government talks
scientific taxation, the public may be assured it is nothing new in the way of
tax—except that it is unusually severe
uud, most persons will admit, absolutely
unfair and unjust in spots. But the
government is going about the business
of governing with a club, and while
other provinces get along as best they
can by reducing expenses to the bone,
and borrowing to carry tho people over
the stressful time, our birds hore just
simply add a little more taxation and
intend to bull their way through, irrespective of whom their system of doing
business may hurt or injure.
They had a taxation expert from New
York in Victoria for two weeks, paid
him $600 and his railway fare, board
and room, and packed him off back
home again. He was known as Professor Haig. But ho couldn't get along
with the bunch for the very good reason that he knew something about taxation—how to spread it and whom
should and should not be taxed from
the "scientic" standpoint. But the
government had its own "scientific"
tax, which Prof. Haig was quite plain
in referring to as dark-age methods,
with particular reference to tho head
tax.
The newest thing the present government did in the way of taxation was to
re-impOBe the head tax, better known as
polltax. Even the Bowser government
lifted this tax, so it must have beon
pretty bad and unscientific. But along
comeB the brand-now Liberal government, and souks the common people a
tax so much per head for the privilege
of being here. This is unscientific when
one just stops to consider what would
happen if we weren't here. However,
the present govornment figures the
populace is here, becauso it's here, and
it's something to tax, so it proceeds to
set a price on a man's head for being
in the province. However, that is
merely an illustration of the "scientific" taxation by the present govornment.
There aro really worse taxeB being
collected. For instanco, the man who
farms pays double. Yes, it's a fact,
actually pays double what ho used to,
and which he used to thing was pretty
to ugh I Thoso who havo watched Bome
of the farmers of this fair province at
their farming would believe the government ought to bonus them—seeing
that tho government at Ottnwa bonuses
thia and thnt industrial enterprise, and
there is nothing harder, nor with so
little money in it for the lnbor expended, ns farming a typical British Columbia farm. This hna especial reference
to the farming outside such plnccB as
the rrnsor valley, Okanagan and spots
on Vancouver Island. The fnrmors do
not do ao badly in Buch places, but tako
ono of thc hardy toilers in tho northern
bush, where provincinl publicity literature speaks so glowingly of thc grand
opportunities to get closo to tho soil.
The opportunity is especially good and
fino to got under it, at the rato some
of the farmers have to sweat to make
a common living. Anywny, thoy pny
double, and that is "scientific."
Then thero's the tax against mining
companies. This ia ' * scientific'' because, unless it is changed, it is going
to close down the big mines and throw
thousands of mon oat of work. Then
where's the hend-tnx coming from
which thoso miners wore going to payf
No mining company, unless it bo onc
especially favored by nnturnl deposits
of wealth, can exist under the present
tax which makes no allowances for
either depreciation of machinery, the
other things taxable nbout tho compnny,
such ns the salaries of tho directors and
officers, nor for exhaustion of the mine.
This scientific tax of the prosent government is going to closo somo of these
down, unless, of course, tho government
decides to proceed on some other basis.
They sny what Prof. Haig said nbout
GEORGE FBAT
GORDON JONAH    •    -    Proprietors',
401 Hastings Street West,Corner Homer
t
Get
Acquainted
With Our
Tool Expert
Tested Tools for
All Trades
For many years this shop
has made a specialty of high-
grade tools for all trnilrtt.
Most Any good workman will
tell you that Flett'-s is tho
ptaco lo go if you aro looking
for the best or for somo tool
you can't flnd elsewhere.
Ship Carpenters will flnd
here, Campbell'h lipped nih.cn,
Campbell's ship nd/i's, Camp-
bell's slicks (3-inch), Drew's
caulking irons, Tin mauls,
Btarratt's mechanical tools, etc.
Drop in, hoys, and shake
hands.
Moulders will flnd a very
complete range of Monk's celebrated lino. Trowels, spoon
tools, lifters, etc. If you nro
Interested, don't fall to have n
look; wo wnnt to meet yon.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
THE UNION SHOP
339 HASTINGS,  near Homer
INTERESTING DIS.
PLAYS OF NEW
SUITS
-FOR-
EASTER WEAR
THE arrival of many-
new models tends to
make our present displays
particularly replete and
unusually attractive. Worthy styles, dependable
materials and the best of
tailoring are features to
which we would specially
direct your attention. Two
styles are mentioned here:
I
—Suit of navy blue serge
with sleeves, pockets and
long roll collars outlined
with silk braid and trimmed with buttons. This
model has a white silk
vestee, which is detachable.   349.50.
—Suit of all-wool navy
serge, made on smart tailored lines and having silk
braid and button trimmings.   $52.50.
Mannish Donegal Tweed
floats, at $32.50
—A very smart model in
belted style and with Bag-
Ian shoulder and slash
pockets. Correct weight
for Spring and Summer
service. Practical colors.
$32.50.
THE TRAFFIC IN
Make the Value-test
575 Granville <Phone Sey. 3540
Purity Organ Condones in
One What It Condemns
In Others
At a recent baaaar held (or war charity In London, the booth conducted by
Countess of Wilton took in as much
money as all the other boothB combined.
One guess—why!—Dally World, March
19.
That's easy. The dame exhibited in
the cut above the World caption looks
like a thoroughbred, with all the finesse
peculiar to hor type. In other worda,
she was able to cash in on her form,
trade on her good looks, sell her bewitching smiles—all for charity.
In the commorcial world of today
many womon have to adopt similar
methods of necessity. In some cases
it means selling their bodies as well.
Tag-days and other begging schemes,
here and elsewhere, in addition to raising money for charity, afford oppor*
tunities for trafficking in tho smiles and
subtle wiles of well-drossod and attractive women. When the same traffic is
carried on from necessity, by daughters
of the working class, the police get
buBy.
Well might the World, which always
assumes that holier-than-thou attitude,
be ashamed to ask: "One guess-
why t"
asked to help individually by purchasing tickets for what, it is hoped, will
be the biggest dance held this year.
If you can't danee or play cards throw
your SO eents into the hat as a fine for
not being able to.
A complete financial statement for
the Vancouver district will be published
in next week's issue.
this when he heard of it woudn 't do to
print.
On top of it all there's another tax
which probably may be quite "scientific" from the point of view of the government. That's'' the amusement tax.
Every smile, if this tax is properly
worked out along the principle set down
by the government, ought to be chocked
up and pay tribute to tho government.
Oppositely, every tear, ought to subtract from the smile account. But the
government calls it an "amusement"
tax and levies the tax whether one sees
a show which amuBos or one which inspires sobs, A lot of other amusements
besides motion shows and spoken plays,
might be suggested to the government.
Thero's penny ante. They have overlooked the gramaphone in the average
man's house and the trombono playing
of thc chup in the flat above.
It will be noticed that the things
which have been "scientifically" taxed
are the wage slaves. The swollen fortunes have been conveniently overlooked, as is customary with all scientific
taxation by such governments aB British Columbia is so proud of having.
Tho working man, as ho always has,
pays the tax bills for everybody, and
even his own head-tax. The grocer
puts his taxes in the beans, the mill-
man in the stovewood, thc coalman in
the coal, thc shoeinnn in the leather,
the clothier in the clothes—so thero
you oro.
It is understood that the government
intends to review its taxation measures
and will make certain alterations, but
tho common herd may rest assured that
it will not givo thom any relief from
burdens such as the head-tax. They'll
either have to pay their head-tax or
off comes their heads—that is the attitude of tho lawbreakers at Victoria.
FOR LABOR
Will Try to Wipe Election
Campaign Deficit Out
With Dance
A big dunce and whist drive is to be
be hold in thc Labor Templo Friday,
April 5, under tho auspices of tho recent
federal election campaign committoe.
The dance is for the purpose of helping
to wipe out the balance of the deficit
loft from the campaign of November,
1917, and all union men and womon
who uro nblo to do the light fantastic
or who want to meet some roal whist
players aro heartily invited to the doings, Gents' tickets are 50 cents and
ladies 25 cents. Tickets can be obtained from MiBH Gutteridgo or Bert
Showier, Lubor Temple.
The federal election campaign committee met Tuesday to discuss ways
and means for raising money to wipe
out the remained of tho deficit left
over from the Ndvomber campaign. Tho
above dunce and whist drive waB decided upon and the co-operation of tho
Machinists' ladieB auxiliary was asked
for und obtained, Thc following wero
appointed on a committoe to attend to
refreshments nnd programme: Mrs, J.
Taylor, Mrs. Edloy, Mrs. J. Denny,
Mrs. Griffin. Mrs. C. Choyco, Mrs. Mc-
Milium nnd Mrs, Reid.
The B. 0. F. of L. has circularized
all the local unions in tho provinco asking for contributions to wipo out this
deficit. A numbor have already responded nnd it is suggested thnt if all
help with a small amount tho deficit
will be wiped out.
Membors   of   organizod   Labor   are
Easter
Clothes
—Buy the best, when
buying. They are cheaper in the end, and more
lasting, whilst the daily
satisfaction you get in
wearing good clothes
more than makes up the
difference, if any, between Fashion - Craft
Clothes and those of inferior make and material.
New Mode Suits
$20 to $40
Thos.Foster&Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
It is easy enough to make a claim of
low price—but prices must be based on
values. It is a matter of what you get
for so-much. I want to invite any man
who is thinking about his Spring suit
to apply the value-test, to any Tom-the-
Tailor suit. In the first place it is made
for you by skilled designers and well-
paid tailors working under ideal conditions. Then it's built from the finest
British all-wool fabric. Everything is
guaranteed. Of course, I do not deal
in $20.00 ready-mades, but the suit I
make you is beyond comparison with
these and will outwear three of them.
And whether you pay $30 or $60 for
your Tom-the-Tailor you can be sure of
value. I'll back you up in a thorough
test. See the new fabrics.
Men's' Suits
to measure
from
$30
np
Women's
men-tailored
Suits (torn
$40
632GRAiW/lLE
314HASTINGSW
UNION SHOP
STRATFORD HOTEL
M. PLANT, PROP.
Corner KEEFER and GORE AVENUES
200 Booms, Elegantly Furnished.   Stoam Heat.     Hot and Cold Water.
Private Botha.    Perfect Service
Rates—60c, 76c and $1.00 Transient.       Permanent $2.00 per week np.
One of the most pleasing forms of intoxication in
Vancouver these days is a dinner at
The Club Cafe
An Abaolutely Union House Through and Through
612 Pender Street West (Just off Granville St.)
TRY IT-JUST ONCE
ONE OF THE MOST MODERN AND UP-TO-DATE EATINO-HOU8ES
IN VANOOUVER
If yoa want aomethlng different in Service, along with tho best meal
in Vancouver for the price, givo this all-union eating houae a visit.
Q T T TT^Q That Are
OUllO  Wonders
FOR QUALITY, STYLE AND PRICE
YOUNG MEN'S SUITS
—those "spiffy" Belter suits
—the ever popular Pinchback
—other late models
—in all fabrics
$20 to $25
CONSERVATIVE MODELS
for the older young man and the younger old
man
—something substantial in build
—in worsteds—best West of England weaves;
fast color
—in fancy tweeds—a fabric that gives extra
good wear.
$25.00
Sample Overcoats
—■■only a few left—broken sizes. You'll get a
barg-ain if your size is there. Regular $25.00
value.
$15.00
Shirts—Arrow and W. G. & R.
—shirt names that stand for real quality—in
all the new patterns—your choice of
materials.
$1.50 to $7.50
DICKS LIMITED
"The Big Union Store for Men"
53 HASTINGS STREET WEST

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