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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 12, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 15
(Zb Vuoo&m\
our, itoo /
$1.50 PER YEAR
Collective Action Mostly Al
ways Gets Results
for Labor
Live Wires of City Labor
Unions Turn In
Good Reports
The organization of workera into
collective groups, through which they
can voice their discontent, is the only
.method that cnn be adopted under any
system. Individual action counts for
nought in these days of high finance
and woalth concentration. Collective
action will always bring results providing the workers stand "each for all
and all for each." And that is what
tho orgunized labor movemont is for.
Collective action is getting results and
will continue to get results. During
the pnst three months this has been
demonstrated many times in Vancouver, Union after union has obtained
wage increases und better working conditions and duHng these days of continually risiug cost of living it becomes
imperative that the workors should get
together for their own good.
The labor movement has excelled itself in Vancouvor nnd there iB no indication that there will be any let-up to
the growth und power of organized
labor in this city at least. Those who
are not in tho organized lubor movement are, with the exception of labor-
skinnersj having a mighty hard time
existing on the miserable wageB now
being paid.
Beports from tho live wires of the
labor movement hero cannot be
equalled hardly anywhere else on the
continent, and if all members continue
there activities labor will have a glorious inning.
Civic Employees
The Civic Employees will await the
action of the city council in regard to
the 25c per day wage increase demanded, and will take action upon the result at tonight's meeting. A committee
of five bas been appointed1 to draw up a
programme, and the members of the
committee are Messrs. Oliver, Bruce,
Harrison, Blake and McFarlane.
Upholsterers and Trlmmere
Six new members wore initiated and
twelve applications received by the Upholsterers and Trimmerr* mtmm, reporte
President F. Brice. The organization le
drawing up bylaws for the guidance of
the local members. Organization is well
in hand, only a few of the tradesmen
connected with this line of work remaining out of the union. The officers
of the union are: President, F. Brice;
vice-president, J. D. Hatch; financial
secretary, J. Relihan; recording secretary, W. S. Watt.
Machinists No. 777.
Secretary Boomer, of the Machinists
No. 777, reports three members initiated and eight applications received at
last meeting. A delegation from tho
ladies' auxiliary attended the meeting
for the purposo of bringing to the attention of the union the big dance
which the auxiliary is holding on April
27. The boys promised their hearty
support. Three dolegutes were elected
to the Trades and Labor Council. They
are H. Fleming, D. McCallum and A. E,
Steam and Operating Engineers.
Business Agont Alexander of the
Steam and Operating Engineers reports
Avo members initiated and twelve .applications received. New bylawB were
adopted and W. A, Alexandor was
elected to attend the conference which
is to be held in Seattle next Sunday
for the purpose of forming a Northwest District Council and placing an
organizer ii) tho field. Past President
Hunt was present at the meeting. He
hns just returned from a trip to China.
Tho officers of the 'union are: President, J, R. Flynn; vice-president, Percy
Chapman; recording socretary, J. McDonald; conductor, James Touch; busi-
ness ugent und financial secretary, W.
A, Alexander.
Letter Carriers
Secretary Wight, of the Lotter Carriers, reports that the local will, along
with other unionB in Canada, start a
press cumpaign in the very noar future.
The campaign iB to educate tho goneral
public to the conditions under which
these government employees havo to
work. Tho Letter Carriers have several grievances to present, ono of which
is that 1*0 per cent, of thc juniors of
the staff, who are returned soldiers, are
kept on the extra list at $2.80 per day.
The pension which the men get is supposed to balance up the wages to those
received by other workers. There iB
supposed to be* a raise of pay overy six
months, but those returned soldiers do
not get it because of their pensions.
The local officers arc president, F.
Knowles; vice-president, J. Sterling;
.financial secretary, R. Wight; treasurer,
R, Kirkwood; tyler, E. Rivett,
Amalgamated Carpenters
Twelve members were initiated and
many applications received, reports
Business Agent Smith of the Amalgamated Carpenters. The union is progressing favorably, and all members are
working. Thc matter of taking sharos
in the Labor Temple will be discussed
at next meeting. A meeting will be
held in the Labor Temple, Thursday,
April 25, to take action upon the rosult of the following notice, which has
been Bent to contractors:
"In December, 1017, tho contractors
of Vancouver were notified that owing
to the ever-increasing coBt of living,
and the increased cost of tools, the
wages for carpenters in Vancouver district would be $5.00 per day on February 4, 1018, nnd $5.50 per day on and
nfter May 1, 1918,
Eight hours shall constitute a working day between the houra of 8 a.m. and
5 p.m., except Saturday, which Bhall be
four hours, between 8 a.m. and 12 noon.
Double timo to be paid for all overtime
and holidays.
Mine Bosses aad Allies Fought Hard
Have Hospital Treatment
Under Their Control.
.'ter a fight lasting since last August
miners of Silverton have at last
feeded in getting a hospital going
h is under the control of the Min-
anion and in charge of Dr. W. R.
e. TWb move on the part of the
[ers union is commendable, in view
he fact that two of the largest
|)oying companies in the camp Btron-
ily opposed the movo in every way
heir power. Together with company
afoul pigeons, government employees
and several other kinds of influence,
the company fought hard to rotain a
man for doctor who would bo under thc
dictates of the mine barons. But they
lost out and the miners are now looking forward to hospital treatment,
whon weakness hits them, that can
truly bo culled a treatment.
Retail Clerks' International
Representative Doing;
Effective Work
W. H. Hoop, Winnipeg, international
representative of tho Retail Clerks, is
now .at Calgary en route to Vancouver,
He expects to reach .here tomorrow, if
present plans do not miscarry. Organizer Hoop has boen successful in
building up a good strong local of tho
Retail Clerks at Calgary. The union,
in turn, has alroady secured a Wednesday half-holiday, despite tho court appeals and all the opposition that could
be fostered by some of the employers.
Under the provisions of tho Alberta
Factory Act the clerks have a nino-
hour day. Merchants keeping open late
Saturday evening start the required
number of clerks later in tho morning.
Vancouver offlcors of tho Retail
Clerks have been waiting for the arrival or Org. Hoop for somo weeks and
there is plenty of work ahead of him.
Suggests   Amendments   to
the Compensation Act
Now in Force
Fires Employees Who Dare
to Seek Membership
in Union.
The great pay-triotic laundry trust
of Vancouver haB no use for men, or
girls for that matter, who get a notion
that they want an increase in wages,
and they intend to get it by means of
an organization. Both the Pioneer and
tho Cascade laundries have fired men
for daring to join a union. It seems
that some of the laundry wagon drivers, being somewhat discontented with
conditions, decided to join a union. A
meeting waB held two weeks ago in
tho Labor Temple and a movo wub
made to launch a local union. Word
of this meeting got to tho ears of these
laundry profiteers and one of the drivers of the Cascade laundry was immediately fired. ThiB woek a .man working for the Pioneer laundry was fired.
Both theso men were active for the
union und the mnn fired from thc
Pioneer has been employed there for
thirteen years und has a son at the
Mr. Crowe, M. P. for Burrard, is a
director of the Pioneer laundry and
has a reputation for flng-waving and
uttering patriotic piffle, but when it
comes to allowing his employees to organize for the bettering of their conditions, this benefactor acts in a kaiserlike way and yells for more profits.
But iu apitc of this tho men, and the
girls also, will bo unionized in the
very near future.
Street and Blectric Railway Employees.
Business Agent Fred A. Hoover reports five initiation's nnd, twelve applications at the meeting of Street and
Electric Railway Employees union. A
referendum vote of the membership is
to be taken on tho question af adopting a plan of working conditions
whereby day nnd night shifts will
chango about onco a month. Thero aro
two sick members iu Ward S of tho
General hospital, Oca. li. Wilson and
Jnmcs Hutchinson.
Thirty new members were initiated
at a good big moeting of thc Boilermakers, reports Business Agent •CaT-
michael. The union membership hus
now reached the 1200 mark and thc
business agont is the busiest mnn
around the Labor Temple, whieh is
going some, whon the activities of the
other business agents ure taken into
consideration. Organizer .Too Reid of
Portland presented the new district
charter to President McEachcrn. Members of the union are sometimes lux in
reporting accidents. No compensation
can be obtained without a lot of delay
unloss the employee who is hurt reports
fianio to the office of thu company within 24 hours of the accident.
Painters Union,
There wus u large attendance at a
smoker in Labor Tomple under the ana-
)icos of the Painters union. Tho members and thoir friends were most enthusiastic in their applause of the entertainers, among whom wore the following: Nicol Champion, Highland
dancer; T. Proven, Sam Thorton, A.
Dixun, Mr. Wardough, W. Balrd, Rob?
ort Stevenson, Geo, Goldie, .To.s. Blen-
dolt nnd Mr. Blackwood, whilo tho accompaniments were plnyed vory acceptably by Mr. Johnson. Refreshments
were served during tho evening. Tho
following committee was in charge of
the arrangements: David Hughes, H.
Pink, H. Grand, S. Gould, E. Churman,
R. McClure, M. W. Rose, P. Smith, .T.
Blackwood, D. Lemmon and R. Stevenson. Tho painters hope to hold another
smokor in the near future.
Usurpation of Authority By
Compensation Board
VICTORIA, April 12.—(Special to
The Federationist.)—A joint committee
consisting of members of the B, C. Federation of Labor Compensation Act
committee, Jas. H. McVety, chairman;
A. S. Wells, Victoria; Wm. YateB, Now
Westminster, and the Railway Brotherhood's legislative committeo, T. J.
Coughlin and A. E. Solloway, Vancouver, after a conference last Sunday,
met the memberB of tho cabinet yesterday iu connection with amendments to
the Workmen's Compensation Act, proposed by the Compensation Board.
A number of tho proposals are of a
minor nature and met with the approval of the committee, but the request of the board that it shall be
given power to pass regulations for
Bafety, fix penalties, and then try
offenders and decide on their guilt and
punishment, appeared too much like
rule by Divine right and the committee vigorously opposed nny amendment
that would allow this or ony board to
assume tho role of legislator, informant,
prosecutor, magistrate, and court of appeal, although offering no objection to
strengthening tho penalties for infraction of safety rules. The committee
felt, however, that additional penalties
would be of little use unless a more
energetic policy waB adopted than was
in ovidencc during the fifteen months
the board has been in office.
The committee also opposed the
scheme of the board to give power to
reduce the compensation of non-resident alien dependents, the idea being
to permit the board to settle with
these dependents on a lump sum or
monthly basis in accordance with the
cost of living in the country in which
the dependents reside. Exception is
made in favor of those countries which
have a reciprocal clause by which dependents resident in this country would
be paid full compensation.
For a year past the board has been
trying to build up a sentiment in favor
of this amendment by alleging that it
was to apply only to Asiatics, thus taking advantage of such race prejudice as
existB among the European workers, by
promising that the compensation of
their dependents would be increased
by the amount taken from the
Asiatics. It develops, however,
that the scheme is to apply to all
countries and will bc almost sure to
work to the advantage of the employers
who already are securing the labor of
the alien for less than citizens with a
consequent reduction in the payment of
all compensation- with the exception of
death claims.
The committee recited all of tho
arguments used at the time the matter
wob before the committee of investigation and the government which pass
ed the law and concluded by citing the
arguments used by Messrs. Oliver and
Sloan showing the impossibility of discriminating againat '' our allies''
when the "Dangerous Industries Bill,"
introduced by Mr. Hawthornthwaite,
was defeated in tho House.
The committee was successful in having both objectionable amendments
But   Orientals   Block   the
Game and Soak Them
Good and Plenty.
The strike of Orientals at tho Western
I'miuilii Lumber Mills, which started
Wednesday morning, ended this morning by the men being granted their
Two weeks ago the company mado
arrangements with the mon to work
nine hours a day at ten hours' pay.
When pay arrived, however, only nine
hours' pay was in the envelope, and
thc Japanese, Chinese and Hindus wont
on strike for an eight-hour day at ten
hours' pay. The company had tried
to trick thc men and the latter decided
to give the profiteers a run for their
money. These wore the terms of the
mon and nothing that the company
could, do would alter the situation. Tho
company finally capitulated at thc
terms demanded.
The Westminster Trados and Lnbor
Council received a communication from
the joint committoe of the council and
the Great War Veterans * association,
showing greut dissatisfaction with the
treatment being handed out to soldiers
in the government's employ. The council decided to got all central labor
bodios in Canada to assist in an ugi-
tation for a minimum wago of #4 per
day for all government employees.
Tho council's bylaws have boon
amended to provide that all officers
■phull be oleetod on the proportional
representation system.
Arrangements wero also made to act
n conjunction with the returned soldiers to secure legislation for the
abolishment of nil election deposits in
provincial and federal elections and removal of the property qualification for
municipal offices.
British Columbia imported $18,000,-
000 worth of foodstuffs lust year that
could huve been produced at home if
the workers had elected men nnd women of their own class.
Ooal Operntors Alleged to Have Asked
Ottawa for Vm of
Word has been received from a reliable source to the effect that the coal
operators of British Columbia are in
communication with Ottawa, asking the
government to have the district patrolled by the military, on the grounds
that the miners are not working steady
onough to suit them. This communication is from the Island district. The
miners there worked avorage shifts of
22\i_ dnys, per man, during March.
Mine Owners Anticipate the Inevitable
and Gracefully Come
Inasmuch as thc eonl miners of Vancouver island are again organizing rapidly it is not surprising to learn that
thc Western Fuel company at Nanaimo
has announced a "voluntary" increase
in wnges of 50 cents per dny, effective
April 16. The increase upplies to all of
the 1500 employees underground and
surface and will mean an increase in
the monthly payroll of *20,000. *
The Infant Steel Industry Is
Sucking the Life Blood
of Nation
Press Gang Shanghais the
Workers; Profiteers
The Steel Company of Canada,
in Its annual statement recently
issued, gives ao Idea of the (hon-
tab crimes of profit-making so
rampant in Canada.
The profits of taa concern for
1917 reached 16,0*0,000, after making provision for repairs, maintenance, improvements and war-
taws. -^   .
Bond interest and dividends accounted for $1,695,000. After providing for depreciation and reserves, the company had a surplus
of $1,550,000 to be carried forward
with a previous balance ef $4,647,-
In brief, the profits for the year
showed an increase ef 20 per cent,
over 1916 and of no less than 86
per cent, over 1915.
Preparations   Being   Hade   for   Big
Peace Demonstration on International Labor Day.
WASHINGTON, April 11.—In a
manifesto to the wording people of
Austria on International Lnbor Day
preparations, the Arbeitcr Zcitung of
Vienna has cnilod for a demonstration
for genoral peace nnd nn eight-hour
An official dispatch from France
quotes the manifesto ns follows:
"As in ench yonr thc Austrian peoplo will lenve'off work thc first of Mny,
nnd will make a demonstration in favor
of nn eight-hour day and also in fnvor
of a genernl pence. Wo are tired of
wnr. On the univorsal fete dny of the
working class we shall manifest for
n genernl peaee. Wc wnnt to show thc
loaders of our country thut the mass
of the people docs not want violence
shown the enemy, nor docs it want eon*
quests (pnBsnge censored), but only
wnnt n truo pence nf conciiintiou nnd
It is oxpected tlmt a bill providing
a gmilt of *250,000 to thc University
of British Columbin, for new buildings,
will be introduced this session. Point
Grey is the site selected for the buildings.
SUNDAY, April 14-^Musicians,
Saw Filers association, Saw-
yorB and Filers.
MONDAY, April 15—Machinists
No. 720, Boilermakers, Stoam
Engineers, Electrical Workers,
Tailors Executive.
TUESDAY, April 10—Bookbinders, Butchers and Meat Colters, Railway Firemen, Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary,
Federated Labor party.
WEDNESDAY, April 17— Metal
Trades Council, Cooks, Waiters
and Waitresses (2.80 p.m.),
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, April 18.—Trades
and Labor Council, Main, of
FRIDAY, April 111—Railway
Carmen, File Drivers and
Wooden Bridgobuildors, Granite Outers, Civic Employees,
Molders, WnrehoiiHomon.
SATURDAY, April 20—Bakers,
Holds That Time for Platitudes Is Past in Policy
for Returned Men.
Government Has Done Much
Talking With No Action
on This Subject
VICTORIA, April 11.—While the
provincial government has had' a lot
to say about how kindly it looks upon
returned soldiers, and how it wants to
give them every aid possible, and this
and that, nothing definite has been proposed by tho government which on the
surface appears to be so solicitous. This
fact iB sticking out all over, It is becoming a matter of comment not noly
among the soldiers, but citizens generally. Thc government no doubt is prepared to do something, but can't mako
up its mind just what.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, the Labor
representative in the legislature, last
Tuesday drew to the attention of the
House tho fact that the government
was doing too much talking on the returned soldier question without displaying anything definite in the way of
Declaring it is about time thc government took the people of tho province into its confidence regarding itB
plans for the returned soldier in the
matter of a land policy, and asserting
that there are now in British Columbia
several thousand returned men who feel
aggrieved that nothing bo far has been
done, Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
member for Newcastle, urged upon the
Minister of Lands that the time had
arrived when some definito action
should give place to platitude.
It was wben tbe bill to amend the
Land Act was in the committee stage
in   the   legislature   that   Newcastle's
member proffered his request to  the
minister to eome out with his policy.
He believed the government was to be
endorsed in itB efforts to get tho pre-
emptor on the land, but there exists a
peculiar situation and daily returned
men were arriving, for whom nothing
apparently was being done.  The House
was threatened with the1 advent of
large number of returned men, who,
he understood, were to come with a
view to getting something done.   But
all the minister could do was to talk
platitude, the while the House gets nowhere.   So ar as the opposition knew
tho men's claim that nothing is being
done for them in the way of a land
policy was actually    true.    The    bill
doubtless was right in that it widened
the land regulations by allowing persons to secure pre-emptions without thc
hitherto necessity of long yearly residence  Bat nothing should be done until
the returned  men wero first provided
Hon. Mr. Pattullo opined every member of the House realized the responsibility resting upon him. The problem
of caring for returned men was a most
difficult onc to handle.
Mr. Robb: "You did not think that
before election."
Hon. Mr. Pattullo: "Certainly we
did. We are grappling with it, but
most of our troubles are due to thc
former administration.
The Commission WUl Oo Over Evidence
asd Prepare a Report
for GoTernment.
Mr. Justice Murphy and Mr. Gordon
J. Kelly, Vancouver members of tbe
royal commission investigating shipyard conditions, returned Saturday
from Victoria. The inquiry has now
terminated and the members of the
commission will go over the evidence
and prepare a report.
Over two hundred documents were
put in as exhibits.
It is believed that an effort will bo
made to bring the Metal Trades Employers' Association and the Metal
Trades Council together for a conference. The men signified their willingness to meet the employers, and Mr.
Justice Murphy expressed the view thnt
such a meeting wns desirable.
Steers Clear of Britannia,
the Worst Offender of
the Bunch
VICTORIA, April 11,—After more
than a year's delay, the provincial government has plucked up enough courage
to make a demand oq the owners pf tho
town of Anyox, the Granby Mining &
Smelting company, in connection with
the decision to open to the public tho
privately-owned townsites of the province. At least this is indicated by Hon.
T. D. Patullo, minister of lands, in reply
to Dr. Rose (Nelson), who requested
the information.
The formal demand has been mnde on
Anyox, and as to the others, the minister, sayB all so-called "closed" towns
are not subject to the clause in the
Land Aet providing that they be open.
Hawthornthwaite Pointedly
Twits Hon. Bill Sloan
for Activity.
Sunday Forum Meeting.
Geo. H. Hardy will speak at the
Forum, O'Brien hall, Sunday afternoon,
commencing at 2.30. Subject: "Social
Progress." Questions and discussion.
Admission froe.
Admits   It  in   Answer   to
Questions From Member
of Opposition.
VICTORIA, April 1.1.—That the gov
rnmont, in face of tho fact that then
must bc white fanners and laborers
available, during Ihe latter months of
lust year employed a crew of Chinks
nt Frnndeg Farm, is admitted by answers which the premier has made in
reply to W. R. Ross, member for Fort
Mr. Ross asked the Hon. the Minister of Agriculture the following questions:—
1, How many Chinamen were paid
by the government for services performed on Frond'eg Farm?
2, What were Iheir names?
X During what period was each employed!
1.   What amount was paid to each?
The Hon. Mr. Oliver replied as follows:—
"1.   Six.
"2. Ah Sing; All ffingi Ah Him;
Vli Yuen; Hung Foo;  Ah Ham.
"*l. (a) Ah Him, Ah Yuen, Hung
Poo, April, Mny, and June, 1017; (b)
Ah Him, Ah Yuen, Ah Sam, July; (c)
Ah Hhig, Ah Him, August; (d) Ah
and November, 101".
4. Ah Sing, $135} Ah Hlng,
$157.20; Ah Him, $201.60; Ah Yuen,
$180; Hung Foo, $105.00) Ah Sam,
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
Secretary Showier reports an exeep-
tlonally  big  meeting, at    which    ten
members were initiated.   An attempt to
rganizo the   laundry   wngon   drivers
resulted in one of  the laundries firing
employee svho had worked for the
llrm  for ten years.   The teamsters are
taking under consideration tho mutter
f starting a mutual union owned hum-
ry.   A year's BUpply of monthly buttons are on hand for the membership
and union men are advised to see thnt
every  teamster  with  whom  Ihey have
dealings wears the union button.    Thc
membership has passed the 800 mark.
Organization Is Formed for
Purpose of Unifying
A meeting of delegates from the Machinists' unionB of New Westminster,
Vancouver and Victoria wos held March
30-31 in Victoria for the purpose of or
gitnizing a District Council. Delegates
prosent were Bros. Wnrrack of Local
No. 15J; Brooks and McVety of Local
182, Musson and Dent of 45(i, Bengough
and McCallum of 777.
Acting-Sec.-Trens. McVety reported
he had taken up the question of a District Lodge with the international president, and that he had assigned No. 78
as the number by which the District
should bc known. The District Couneil
will include Lodges Nos. 151, 182, 455,
720 und 777. Conventions of thc district will bc held annually, nt the call
of the executive, each lodge to be represented by not more than three delegates; the executive committee to consist of president, vice-president and
secretary-treasurer, and an executive
board member from each lodge not represented by one of the foregoing officers. The executive board will meet
quarterly in thc different cities nnd the
president is empowered to call special
meetings when necessity requires.
Monthly reports of expenses and receipts and minutes of meetings arc to
bo furnished to each lodge.
The per capita tnx on members will
be, journeymen 25c, specialists 15c, helpers nnd apprentices 10c per month,
with the exception of those lodges with
members affiliated with ruilway districts, whose per capita shall be one-
half thnt (tf other members, namely
12VjC, 7Vjc and 5c respectively.
The officers elected were as follows:
President. R. Musson, Victoria; vice-
president, P. Bengough. Vancouver, and
secretary-treasurer, J. H. McVety, Vancouver.
A general discussion took placo regarding qualifications for membership
of returned soldiers being trained in
machine simps.
The visiting delegates expressed
thnnks to the members of No. 450 for
their hospitality during the brief stay
in the eity.
Plumbers and Steamfltters.
Ten new members were initiated and
several applications received by the
Plumbers, reports Secretary Hays. The
$0 wage scale went into effect on the
first of April, with no trouble.
Minister Attempts Elaborate Explanation of
8-Hour Bill.
VICTORIA, April 11.—The minister
of mines, Wm. Sloan, Nanaimo, came in
for some pointed criticism from the
membor for Newcastle, Mr. Hawthornthwaite, Wednesday night,, and
the sharpness of the Labor member appeared to get under Hon. Bill's hide.
The discussion was over the eight-hour
day in metalliferous mines.
The bill, the minister explained,
would give the eight-hour day to the
men to run from the time they left the
surface until they returned. Since 1903.
this had been enjoyed by the coal miners of the province, whose day was
eight hours from "bank to bank."
Since the bill was brougbt down, the
Minister stated, mine owners had met
him and had pointed out it might
slightly increase cost of production and
thut the time allowed would not prove
sufficient for them to provide for the
_ i. There might be merit in those
arguments, the minister was willing to
admit, but he emphasized the necessity
of a contented body of miners in the
province and believed that the increased cost to the owners would be inconsequential, while experience had shown,,
in the case of the coal mines in British
Columbia as well as in Great Britain,
where a similar principle was invoked,,
that the better condition of the miners had resulted in an actual increase-
in production.
Last year's labor troubles at Fernie,.
Trail and Rossland all had their root
in the hours of labor, he said, and an
eight-hour day for the underground1 as
woll as the surface workers would obviate those troubles.  He quoted figures
to show that the coal production of
British Columbia had steadily Increased despite the bringing into effect of
the principle in connection  wtth  the
coal miners.  He quoted the Bight Hon.
Winston Churchill to show how conditions in England had been improved
by a similar law, that any temporary
retarding of production would be more
than overcome as the benefits of the
law were felt.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite expressed the
belief tbat the bill would be unanimously supported by the House, which, ho
opined, owed the minister an apology
in that while they had all thought Hon.
Mr. Sloan hnd been spending his time
fishing,  thc fact   was,  apparently,  he
had been burning the midnight oil.   It
might be suggested the secretary of the
minister had prepared the speech the
House had just heard and looked up the
! authorities    quoted.    Personally,    the
member   for   Newcastle   thought,   he
would   have   to   devote   more   time  to
looking  up "the dope*' if he hoped
any measures of bis would find support
from the government side.   He pointed
to  thc  fact  thut  the    minister    waB
bringing down another and similar bill
to amend the Coal Mines Regulation
Act to give the eight-hour day to surface workers in coal mines, but exempting men engaged in certain lines.   At
Welland,   Cumberland    and   Nanaim;>
most of those workers were Orientals
or   Hindus,  and  no doubt  they  would
appreciate it.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the coal
minors of the province hud asked of*
the ministor a six-hour day und if it
was reasonable to give every worker
an eight-hour day the shorter day for
thc coal miner was a necessity, for
he never put his foot in a mine that he
did not take his life iu his hands. Even
in Conservative old England the coal
miners enjoyed the six-hour day. British Columbians fluttered themselves
they were ahead of the Old Country,
which, they held, was somewhat old-
fashioned, but the fad was British Col-
iimbia wns twenty-live years behind the
limes in the matter of labor legislation.
11 u promised he would suhmit an
iiinendmeiit providing for the six-hour
day whon the bills were in the oommlttee stage.
Business Agent Anderson reports
that the Butchers expect to have a real
big meeting next Tuesday, as there are
matters of vital importance to be taken
up. The subject matter cannot be mentioned at present, but a good story is
expected   for next   issue.
Freight Handlers Association.
An   unofficial   report  has  been  made
went on strike last, week, for the re
iiistntemont of a member who had been
fired, to the effect that the statement
made by Mr. Peters in the Sun is looked upon as a joke. The union will
tnke up the mutter ul their business
meeting this (Friday) ovening, when
some action will be taken regarding the
alleged false statement. The man has
been reinstated mi tho union's terms.
The Warehousemen had almost thu
full membership out al the meeting
held last Friday, when the matter of
ting a business agent, to attend to
the work of the union, was discussed,
in regard to the Freight Handlers, who | reports  Secretary Showier.    As 7 re
 l "" "'-*" '"'•* "   *"~ *     ""   suit  of tho election A.  R, Robertson
was elocted business agent and he will
start  his duties Saturday.
I. L. A. Auxiliary.
The local union lias outgrown its
present headquarters, reports Secretary
Winch of the Internntionnl Longshore-
metis Association Auxiliary branch.
This fact has made it imperative that
the union get new headquarters and
this it hns done and will move into
Knox church as soon ns necessary alterations can be made. The church
hns boon lensed for three years. At
the election of officers all old officers
were re-elected by acclamation. They
are: President, J, W. Whiteley; vice-
president, G. W. Webster; secretary-
treasurer, H. Olover; secretary nnd
business ngent, D. Winch; gMard, ■'.
Gas Workers.
Eight members were initiated and ti
number of applications received, reports Secretary Martin of the Gas
Workers union. Organizer Hardy of
the F. L. P. delivered a short talk to
the members on the necessity of using
political action und nominating and
electing candidates of the working
class. Quite u numbor of membors joined  the party.
Electrical Workers.
Business Agent Morrison of tho
Electrical Workers reports twelve members initiated and several applications
received. The city council has agreed
to a wage scale of $120 per month for
operntors, $180 for linemen and from
$130 to $145 per month for maintenance men. This scale to be retroactive
from the first of January aud to re-
muin effective for one yonr. PAGE TWO
PBIDAY.... April 12, 1918
Arnold & Quigley have bought the $30,000 stock of
the Pennant Co., 143 Hastings Street West, at a low
rate in the dollar.
Everything is being re-marked. It will pay you to
wait for the big sale.
Watch the evening papers
Our upstairs Piano warcrooms enables us to do
this. j   [j, _•■
We have just received
That we will sell for
$300, $325 and $350
We sell Broadwood & Sons, Haines Bros,, The
New Bell, Marshall & Wendell, Montelius, Lyon
& Healy, Williams New Scale, Kimball.
And other makes.
A customer is entitled to hare the privilege of
choosing from a large assortment of different
It means greater satisfaction, lower prices and a
better piano.
■ggjSg ^---~-_^!-'--~!^2^~J*-^~^.-Sf.l-Z-'ltZ^r^
PIANO HOUSE II? Okanville St.
*w~*a***n *m^^^-z_—,___
Fear the Greatest of All Diseases
THE PEAR of disease is tho creator of disease, and the ono objection
to campaigns'against disease of any kind is that those campaigns, by
invoking fear, defeat thc purpose for which they are organized.
In 191(1 oae of the grentest campaigns against disease ever known on this
continent was launched in tho city of New York to combat thc plague of
infantile paralysis. Having not the slightest knowledge of tho cause of thia
disease, evory conceivable form of carrior, frohi the flea to the automobile,
was blamed for its spread, while tho authorities held up communication between cities and statos, children were torn from their parents' arms, isolated in hospitals, whoro their spines were punctured and they were inoculated in other ways, in an effort to kill thc imnginnry germ, and in every
wny the spread of tho disease was helped, rather than hindered, because of
the FEAR this insane campaign invoked; meanwhile tho true cause of infantile: paralysis, the effect of the sun's rays pouring into the brain of the
child through malformod eyes, went on all unsuspected.
FEAR is but a sensation, yet it can poison the entire system of him whom
it afflicts.
In a very largo number of cases, children axe bora in fear, reared in fear,
live in fear and die from fear.
FEAR oxhausts the mind, an exhausted mind means a diseased bo<Jy, and
a diseased body is a body self-poisoned.
FEAR coasjmes the strength, saps the vitality and poisons the victim.
It is a well-known fact that the shock of fear can turn black hair to whito,
paralyse thc muscles, affect the heart's action, and cause death.
FEAR can lock every organ of the body, can prevent digestion, raise blood
pressure, causo a mother to givo birth to malformed or defective children,
or in a hundred ways distort her offspring.
I repeat, FEAR is a cause of disease, tho sooner this is recognized the
more quickly will a long suffering people arrive at a sane stato of mentality
and the great white plague, insanity and kindred disonscs, be brought under
The only thing contagious about consumption (tuberculosis), paralysis of
all kinds, aad kindr-cd troubles, is tho FEAR that they are contagious.
Evon the ordinary individual ciidowod with the mental attributes that prevents FEAR, seldom, if ever, suffer from these diseases. During the past
twenty-four years, the writer has by tho very nature of his profession been
obliged to Bit within a few inches of the exhalations from the lungs of men,
women and children, supposed to be sufforing from various disoaBes of a so-
called contagiouB nature, aud has probably inhaled enough germs to have
contracted every disease known to the modical world.
I have examined thc eyes of Chinese, Hindoos, Greeks, Italians, Caucasians
and othors too numerous to mention, many of whom were in tho laat fltages
of tuberculosis, and yet I still live to pen those few lines, and I assure you I
am very much alive, never having been absent from my daily occupation on
account of illness during thc past twenty-four years of my practice. If it
were possiblo for me to present to the medical profession, or tbe community,
tbe evidence that I hnvo collected and tabulated, I feel sure that I can conclusively prove to any intelligent body of men that thc cause of all disease,
barring accident, or tho inoculation of poison, resultB from exhaustion, or
I am confident that I can further prove that the beginning of exhaustion
lies almost solely in the shape and form of the eyo at birth. Malformed
eyes affect tho child from thc moment its eyelids arc opened to the sun 'a
radiant forces, If tho eyes are perfect their transforming mechanism is perfect, and the development of the child is both normal and rapid. On the
other hnnd, if they are malformed iu a minor or major degree, the slightest
irregularity of tho curved topography of the globe itself changes tho vibrations entoring the brain and bodily organs to hmcIi un extent thnt they arc
exhausted of eortain chemical properties necossary to lifo's perfect func-
The most untutored individual is now well aware of tho fact that tho
sun's rays carry all tho chemical properties known to the medical world, and
tho slightest polarization of this energy by the human eye instantly nnd
continuously causes a chemical chango to tnko place in tho brain as long
as eyo conditions exist without correction.
The only moans of correction, and a very simple one at that, wliich can
be applied to scientifically regulato the action of theso forces passing
through tho eye on the way to the brain, is lonses (glasses). If this statement is capable of proof, and this is tho only method that can prevent exhaustion resulting from tho improper chohiical action of what Ib (incorrectly) called light, we can roiulily understand why no progress has boon mado
within the last two thousand years in thc amelioration of disease, for the
simple reason that thiB method has never boen adopted, or even thought of,
as u moans of prevention. Evidence of this must bc manifest to nil in this
city who have witnessed the offorts made by myself during tho past seventeen yoars to bring it to the attention of the medical world in the hope that
thoy would at least investigate my claims for thc satisfaction of proving or
disproving them.
This is the last appeal that I shall mnko in behalf of sufferers in the city.
This statement is not made with a view to opposing any humanitarian
movement inude by any orgnnizntion having the wolfiire (if the people nt
heart, but is a conscientious effort to bring to the attention of the authorities that there is but one method that will prevent tuberculosis, and that is
the method that I have suggested; failing this, I predict witho.it t'cnr of lime
disproving, that a decade hence tho public will still suffer even to a greator
extent than thoy do today.
In concluBion, I will tender evidence, or I will (at my own expenso, make
a demonstration bofore a committee of citizens, thoy to select the tubercular
cases for tho purposo of tho demonstration.
Austrian Socialist Newspaper
Interprets Russian Revolution
(Translated by Cambridge University Magazine.)
Arbeitcr Zoitung, Vienna,
democratic newspaper, Dec. 29, under
the title, The Social Birth Pains of the
Russian People, published an article by
Nikolai Rubakin, a Russiun author,
whoBc works according to the A. Z., are
only second in circulation to thoso of
Tolstoi. Ho points out how Russia,
which had the reputation of being thc
most benighted nation in Europe, has
in a few months "moved by an honest
and mighty idealism," practically carried out far-reaching reforms, ut the
hands of countless "most insignificant
persons." Tho underlying principles
had long been debated and partially
accepted by the most eminent authorities ou social subjects, but had hitherto remained a dead letter:
This grout event, which iB ulso of
the highest interest from tho standpoint of social phychology, iB unfortunately       completely misjudged
in Western Europe (where the campaign of lies rages on a more colossal
scale than that of flre and sword.—Ed.)
Outside the Russian frontier little is
known of what ia going on inside. The
nctaal facts testify not morely to anarch)'—which is undoubtedly great at
the present moment—but also to a social spirit creative of new formB of existence which is greater than anarchy.
If you wish to understand tho presont
Russian Maximalism you must realize
the essence of this creative spirit.
  In revolutionary RusBia of today a gigantic work, unprecedented in
history, is boing carried out: the reconstruction of thc social, economic, political,   privato,    religiouB,   intellectual
   relations.   Everything created
by Russian history, -established by
Tsarism and thc Russian Junkers under
the benediction of tho ignorant Russian
priests is being reconstructed	
And all this (iB being done) during the
war, during the revolution, and during
the annrchy which has been called into
being—Bomotimos unconsciously, generally intentionally—by the enemies of
the new social order Much hus
been written nbout anarchy, but deplorably   little   about   this   creative
Democracy's Seed-Bed,
    The whole   of   Russia  has
transformed hersolf into the most absolute democracy in the world, ob- wc
must acknowledge oven if wc take the
anarchy into account. Russia is at the
present time covered with a network
of overy poBBible germ-cell of self-government: councils, cdmmittccB, commissions, etc., for the greater part based
on universal equal and secret franchise,
which were Introduced into the townB,
villages, barracks, factories, and even
into the schools—"scholars' and parents' committees.'       There are
now in Russia more than 900 soldierB
and workers' councils which unite all
tho working classes and mako them
unquestionably stronger than the hour-
gcosie. In addition there are several
thousand pensant councils—provincial,
district, communinl and village councils. A numbor of Agrarian councils
which nre chiefly composed of simple
peasants, many of whom cannot read
or write, but are nevertheless showing
themselves capable of grasping the
most complicated agrarian questions
with extraordinary exactitude, and who
approach this cause as  though it
were a religious ceremony, are working
out the material for an unprecedented
(system of) agrarian reform. It is not
difficult to understand that the Russian
Agrarian Reform is  a gigantic
new departure in the province of economic and social relations. Even if
wo take into consideration all the present agricultural disorders which were
inevitable in consequence of the complexity of tho tnBk—chiefly because tho
people for fear of letting the propitious
momont pass by insisted on the reforms
being carried out at once—we must
still ackaowledge that the agrarian
committees are undoubtedly doing most
xcellent work by trying to find practical methods         of carrying
out the reform in conformity with the
local peculiarities of evory cornor of
this vast country    From tho
point of viow of the landed proprietor
thiB iB, of course, nnnrchy; from the
point of view of the peasant it is the
creation of n new order on tho bnsiB
of justice. In the factories also constructive work is boing performed; they
also arc being reformed, though not so
radically as thc villages, yet still in
the direction of n new interpretation
of thc labor question, Tho factories
throughout all Russia are now boing
provided not only with schoolB and
hospitals, bat with a numbor of nr-
rungements of which the workers wore
formerly forbidden not only to speak,
but even to dream. These dreams are
not being mado a reality at ono stroko
but by degrees, ns, for example, tho
eight hours, and in    individual   cases
even the Bix hourB' day In tho
courso of nine months nil the municipalities havo beon transformed. Up to
the year 1917 it was all a quiet but
dead morass, now tho most active communal lifo reigns in nil tho cities. A
great growth of the co-operativo movement may also be observed. The num*
ber of tho co-operative societies increased in nino months by 15,000 to
20,000, and has reached the figure of
00,000 with millions of members. All
those co-oporntivo societies also play n
constructive part by taking an active
share in rebuilding the bases of notional lifo. A not less active constructive development is proceeding on tho
intellectual side. Russia ib, by strenuous work, acquiring day by day wider
knowledge and more extended culture
A "Cataract'"of Intellectual Life.
Notwithstanding tho uncertain financial position, the conscription of tench-
ers, etc., and the consequent disorganization of school life, the number of
schools in Russia lias immensely increased since tho revolution. The introduction of compulsory education is pro-
ceodlng nt a much more rapid rate thnn
under Tsnrlsnt} schools of every conceivable  now  type  are  springing  up.
    Even high schools for adults
are being established. The Ministry
of Education has decided that in October five thousand new schools for
adults shall be opened in the villages,
The former church schools whicli arc
tiow withdrawn from the control of
the olorgy and placed uilder tlie Ministry of Education have lost their
former dangerous character ns hotbeds of intellectual stupefaction nnd as
weapons against enlightenment in a
European BOHSOi   Not only in the great
social-deities, but also in the provincial towns
and even the villages the most varied
courses of lectures and peoples' universities aro being arranged, which are
attended by great crowds of hearers,
womon as well as men. The war has
given a groat stimulus to the dissemination of books and purticularly of
newspapers. The women show a previously unexampled desire for knowledge of reading and writing	
Wounded Boldiers who have returned
from the front emerge as teachers of
rending and writing, and thus contribute to the development of tho masses,
in this direction especial influence is
exercised by refugees from the territories occupied by the enemy—Poles,
and above all tho Jews—two elements
in the Tsarist Empire which enjoyed
hitherto a relatively higher level of
culture. Prisoners of war—towards
whom the good-natured Russian population has always behaved reasonably—
have also had a great influence on the
intellectual development of wide circles
of the Russian people Up to
1911 the nambor of thoso who could
neither read nor write   amounted to 61 per cent, of thc population.
  Now we may assume, according
to information received, that only 40
per cent, of the adults, including women, will bo unable to read or write,
It is therefore not surprising if some
nowspapers have now got a circulation
of a million—RusBokoye Slovo, for example, has 1.3 million subscribers.
Books nnd pamphlets have also an immense sale. Tho Soeial Revolutionary
party alone, according to its report, disseminated no less than four millions of
its pamphlets in three months. .
The dam of Tsarism U broken down—
and the intellectual life pours out like
a cataract.
Novaya Jisn (Gorki's papr), quoted
in Izvestiya, Jan. 13.—"The Petrograd
populace, using the trams, is quite unaware that since Dec. 2 the tram service is being carried on Bolely by the
lower employees, who have not struck,
like the engineers, etc. . . . The
workers nre regulating the whole service. ... No one has as yet soon
fit to make mention of this great ser
The Agrarian Revolution.
Arbeitcr Ztg., Dec. 11, says that the
importance for the penco issuo of tho
victory of the proletariat in the "new
Russia" has overshadowed tho social
aspects of the revolution which will
nevertheless powerfully influenco social
and economic conditions throughout thc
whole world. Tho victory of the Bolshoviki was the victory of tho industrial proletariat. But Russia is preeminently an agrarian country, and
the workers' govornment saw that it
would not retain its power without
winning the support of the pensauts by
agrarian reform. .'On Nov. 23 it there
fore promulgated a decree aiming
tho transference of the land to tho
peasants.   According to tho decree:
... All landed property belonging
hithorto to the nristocracy, tho church
thc monasteries and the capitalists, to
gether with the buildings, plant and
livestock appertaining to it, becomes
the property of tho nation. No compensation is given to the former own
ors; but they recoivo from tho state o
maintenance allowance for several
years in ordor thot they may be able
to adapt themselves to their now circumstances. Tho land belonging to the
peasants and the Cossacks is excluded
from this measure; this property remains untouched. In each district the
peoplo choose a district committee, in
each commune a communal committee.
The district committeo decides which
bind is to be taken ovor, carries out
the expropriation and hands over the
expropriated property to the communal
committees. These regulate the cultivation of the soil. Thoy nre empowered to divide up the land into separate
holdings and assign them to tho individual peasants' and workers' families
for cultivation; but no family is al
lowed to receive more land than it can
cultivate itself without hired labor.
. The families who receive the
land hold it, however, only on the con
dition of usufruct, not as their own
proporty. If a family leaveB tho land
or dies out it cannot sell or bequeath
it, but tho land returns to the com
niunal committeo which assigns it to
another family; in doing this, however,
preference is given to tho nearest relations of the departing family. The
departing family is only compensated
for the cost of thc improvements which
hnvo been carried out. As families do
not incrcaso in equnl ratio, the land is
^partitioned in each generation so as
to preserve thc principlo that each
family only possesses the amount of
land which it is able itself to cultivate. This mothod of utilizing tbe soil
Ib not applied to estates with special
intensive culture such as gardens, nurseries, sugar farms, orange plantations,
and so forth. Such estates are cultivated by thc communal committees on
their own account. ThlB decree established tho right of overy Russian citizen to a share in the land. Each worker can demand that aB much Innd shall
be assigned to him as he can cultivate
with his family. If tho communal committee of his native commune cannot
give him the land, ho is transferred to
another commune in which there is surplus land. As there arc large areas of
uncultivated land in Turkestan and Siberia this "right to tho soil" of the
Russiun is a reality.   .   „  .
Russia's "Luting Gain."
But tho effects of the decree arc far-
reaching. . . . Evon if a counterrevolution wero to be successful and a
Romnnov again occupied tho throne of
Russia . . , ovon if the Russian proletariat were finally vanquished, and
Lonin and Trotsky wero onco
more hunted through the countries of
Europe, the agrarian revolution would
still remain as the lusting gain of the
Russian pooplo. (There is no power
conceivable on this planot that could
again take the land away from the
Russian people.—Ed.) It is said that
the Russian nation hns been beaten in
this war. It is true thnt peace .will
not enlarge but diminish Russian territory. . . . And yot iu the courso
of this war the RusBian pooplo have
conquered more, far more, than the
most Hiico-i'safiil general could have conquered for them; their conquest is that
of their OWn country, the fruitful soil
of mighty liussia. For hundreds of
yoars the Russian aristocracy has acquired land increasingly at the cost of
Telegraphers of the Frozen
Zone Arrange a New
Federal Government Grants
Numerous Concessions
in Hours and Wages
The Commercial Telegraphers' Union
of America's farthest north is now
scheduled. The commercial telegraphers employed at Forty Milo Cabin, 40
miles north of Dawson, Yukon territory,
and along tho International boundary
line between Canada and Alaska almost
within the Arctic Circle, represents tho
extreme outpost of our lateBt schedule.
This was signed by representatives of
thc Dominion government on behalf of
its telegraph service and by the general
chairaian of the Yukon and British Columbia Division No. 53 and Alberta
and Saskatchewan Division No. 67 C.
T. U. A. for tho telegraphers on March
9. The schedule will affect neadly 300
positions, and bring an increase totalling ten per cont. over and above the
ten per cent, incrcaso granted last year.
The schedulo takes effect April, 1, 1918.
This is the effect of an understanding
reached between the tlegraphcra committee and Hon. F. D. Carvel, minister
of public works, aftor negotiations covering several months. ThiB achievement
which for many reasons atandB as tho
most notable amongst the many good
things accomplished by the C. T. U. A.
rodounds to the credit of General Chairman C. W. Mitchell of the Yukon and
Britiah Columbia Division No. 53 and
General Chairman P. R. Campbell of Alberta and Saskatchewan Division No.
67. It waB the patient, painstaking and
perBevoring efforts of these brothers
that made it possible for us to say that
the government of Canada Bhows itB
belief in our responsibility by agreoing
to thiB schedule.
The most important feature of the
schedule is that it establishes for the
telegraph employees not only the
right of promotion^ bu{ tho right of
nppeal from the minor officials of tho
telegraph to tho higheBt ond that this
right will bo exercised by tho telegraphers committee on behalf of the men.
Politics and political pull are thus
completely ousted from the telegraph
service. Henceforth the employees and
tho officinls of tho department agree
that seniority, fitness und ability arc
going to be the determining factors in
future promotions which meanB the
emancipation of tho telegraphs,
chango that is welcomed by all concerned.
Among tlio other importnnt features
of the schedule are:
Tho classifying of tho offices or posi
tions into four classes and establishing
a uniform wnge scalo for ench clasB.
Abolishing practically all Sunday and
holiday work.
Reducing the hours at one man offices
frpm 12 to 10 per dny including one
hour for lunch.
Establishing a 26-day working month
instend of 30 days as heretofore
A goneral incrcaso in wages aggregating 10 per cent, over ond above tho
10 per cent, granted in 1917 to all em
ployees receiving less than $100 per
month. Tho increases range upward to
$30 per month, Tho minimum salary
was raised from $66 to $75 per month.
All salaried employees ranking below
tho district superintendent nre included
within tho scope of tho schodulo.
Anticipated Deficit Is Pretty Near tbe Two
Million Mark.
The budget brought down in the B, C,
legislature estimates tha revenue for the
fiscal yonr ndlng Mnrch 31, 1910, at $0,900,
055.13, with an estimated expenditure of
$11,(Ul.li.Ht.ee, of which 91,958,440 Is
chnrgtmble to capital account. If the anticipated revenuo Is secured the actual deficit
will be $1,711,638.05. The capital expenditure provides for such sums aB $007,200 for
interest on Pacific Oreat Eastern ruilway
bonds; $718,040 for sinking funds and
$208,650 for roads, streets, bridges and
wharves. Of the estimated expenditure of
revenuo the principal item is $1,704,940 for
public works. Only $41,730 is set aside for
railways, and so far no provision has heen
made for any construction work on the Pacific Oreat Eastern, which, if undertaken,
must be provided for out of capital account.
The education department culls for an expenditure of (1,777,290 for tho fiscal year;
the Attorney-General's deparment $909,776;
the department of finance $692,604; department of lands $697,608; department of
mines $835,504; tho provincial secretary's
department $1,633,345, and tho department
of agriculture $219,684.
No Agreement Reached But
Committee will Consider
Points at Issue
The conference between representatives of Canadian shipbuilders east of
Fort Wililam and their employees,
which concluded at Port Arthur on
April 4, is Baid to havo resulted in a
bettor understanding between the parties. The conference was called by the
government ns a result of trouble
which haB occurred in some of the shipyards, and the delegates wore received
on the opening day by Sir Robert Borden, Hon. C. C. Ballantyno, minister of
marine; Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister
of labor, and Senator Robertson. Sir
Robert Borden, in addressing the delegates, pointed out the groat need for
ships at present, and made a plea for
unity of effort at this time of great
national crisis.
Although tho conference was 'unable
to arrive at any definite agreemont
with regard to a scale of wages, before the delegates dispersed for their
homes, a joint committee was appointed
which will consider tho points at issue
between tho shipbuilders and their employees and endeavor to adjust them,
It was suggested that a uniform wage
scale at all the eastern shipyards would
tend to promoto sottled conditions in
the yards. The shipbuilders who are
at present ongaged on contract work
takon beforo the demand for increased wages came from the men, argue
that when figuring on those contracts
they took into account tho Bcale of
wages then prevailing. Therefore, until the present contracts are filled, they
do not feel that they should be asked
to increase wages.
Tho negotiations between tho representatives of the shipbuilders and the
employees forming the joint committee may, however, result in an adjustment of the wngo difliculty. The spirit
at the conference was a conciliatory
and amicable ono, and before leaving
for some the delogutes expressed themselves as being satisfied with results.
Tough on Toy Tommies.
The Victoria Win-the-war Leaguo
has endorsed tho following: "No men
holding HiB Majesty's commission in
tho Canadian forceB shall be permitted
to continuo in any military employment, hospital, departmental or executivo work, unless hfl shall havo beon
in active service at the front or was
in the permanent forcos prior to the
declaration of war."
Inside electrical workers of Seattle have
been grunted tho $7.00 per day wage demanded.
Trades and Labor Council
April 14, 1893
The report of civic committio of Trades
and Labor council dealt with (1) the Chinese
>iggery nuisance existing on the shoru of
■'also Creek; (2) proposed guarantee lo
street railway had increased $50,000,
Queatlon of holding a Labor Day cetebra-
tion on July 1 discussed. Decided to hold it.
about August ur September, when a civic
holiday would .be declared by Mayor Cope
hr the occasion,
Rolntroduction of the card system of tho
council, amongst building organisation^ discussed and laid over.
tho proporty of tho peasants. . . .
Now thc Russian peoplo take back that
which haB beon stolon from thom, "the
expropriators are expropriated." . . .
The upheaval affects only agriculture
at flrst, It will, howovor, react powerfully on Industry. As evory workor
is entitled to demand land for agricultural purposeB ho will only prefer industrial work if wages are very high.
Buch a development ontails. . . .
tho most complete substitution possible
of machinery for manual labor, an<\
therefore the concentration of industry
in great factories organized to a high
degreo of technical and social perfection. Theso are the most favorable
onditious for socialism. Thus by the
abolition of private proporty in land
the wny is prepnred for the ubolition
of private property iu industrinl undertakings, . . . What is happening in
Russia today will powerfully affect the
developments in other countries. A
now era is beginning in the history of
humanity—tho era which brings the
victory of socialism.
Optical Service
$J It is my aim to give to the
citizens of Vancouver an eyesight
service second to nono on the
American continent. If proper
qualifications, coupled with conscientiousness and earnest devotion to my profession, backed by
fiftoon yoars of experience and tho
moat complete equipment, can do
this, it is aB good as dono.
_ My goal is tho confldenco
and esteem of my patrons and to
this ond nothing shall stand in my
way. Tho betterment of the public health Is to no small extent a
matter of tho proper understanding
of the eyo and its relation to the
body. It is my purposo to disse-
minato knowledge on this subject
for the genoral good.
IJ The careful scientific examination of the eyes by menus of
optomctrical instruments which do
not come in contact with tho eye
itself; tho grinding of lenses to the
proscription which results; the fitting of glasses and their proper
adjustment—this Is my vocation.
In my professional and mechanical
capacity I hopo to serve tho public efficiently and satisfactorily as
I have done in tho past, hut with
a widened scope of activity.
•J My chargos for this super-
service aro most moderate, Indeed.
Seymonr 1093
Oranvllle Optical Oo.
Below Dryadale's
Ale, Bper and Stout
Valuable Old Conntry Secret Formulas for
making above. No alcohol but a grand pure
substitute. Also Whisky, Rum and various
Wines recipes and other secrets,
Postpaid on reoeipt of $1.00
Vaneouvar, B. O.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi Strut Witt
To Federationist
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgement of subscriptions or renewals aro made,
Tbe address label on your
paper carries the date to whieh
your subscription Is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monies to this
offloe, the corroct change in
your labol date Is not made,
notify as at once, When you
havo a kick to mako regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It to this office—«t to
the other fellow. Tans yon
will get matters adjusted, and
wo'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple.
Vancouver, B. C.
Silk Is
Cheney's newest novelty silk
is Cinderella. And it is as beautiful as the young lady for whom
it is named.
The body color is gold, taupe,
chartreuse or nigger, with beautiful wide brocaded stripes, 40
inches wide, yard  .13.50
King and dot design on heavy,
close-woven silk—washes ana
wears woll. Sand, pearl, Copenhagen, navy; 36 inches .12.75
A strong, washable summer
suiting or dress material. Sky,
pink, groy, Palm Beach, white;
30 inches, special  59c
Saba Bros.
"Che Silk Specialists
this popular COFFEE In tho now "conservation" pnekago ahown above, you
make a saving of 10 cents. Formerly It
sold at 50 cents; It can now be purchased
from your family grocer at
It is now packed in tbo whole berry
to preserve Its full flavor, and yonr grocer will grind it fresh for you. If It
isn't satisfactory, he'll givo you your
money baok.
Vaneoaver, B. O.
Opposite Labor temple
—Headquarters for Labor Hen-
Bates—76c and $1.00 per day.
12.50 per week and up.
Oaf* at Seasonable natal
Tho boat and most favorably
known mukora of baseball
supplies are tho old established firm of Draper & Maynard.
B, & M. gooda uro tho choice
of all the Big League players
because of their quality and
tho honest service they givo.
D. & M. Official League Ball,
guaranteed for 18 in'gs.. $1,60
D.   &   M.   Fielderfl'   GIovob,
from 75c to $7.60
D.   &   M.   Basemen's   Mitts,
from 11.60 to 17.60
D.   &   M.   Catchers'   Mitts,
from  76C to 116.00
IX & M. Bats 26c to 91.26
Louisville Slugger Bats.. $1.50
Come and see our splendid
Hne of baseball suits.
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
Sporting Ooods
Should be in the home of
every mania it m YOTJB87
—Phon© Fairmont 2824—
When you mako long distance calls by
telephone, the charge docs not begin until
you begin to talk to tho party wanted.
You talk direct, get your answer Immediately, and you pay only for the aotnal
time of conversation.
Did yon ever tee bow the time Is compiled at the telephone offlce I Next time
fow ire near, drop In and see the calcula-
graph. This Is a clock and a stamping
machino combined, and tho elapsed time
Is accounted for by the second. When
yon soe how this machine Is used, you
will know that overy effort Is made to be
absoltuely fair.
If at any time you aro dissatisfied, givo
us an opportunity to adjust matters.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd, OmOIAL   PAPEB   VASOOUVEB
omouL rApaa mm «*■
mm  FBDBBMIM  Of   L4B0B
TENTH YEAR.   No. 15
•PaRSS*)     $1-50 PER YEAR
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
When DR. LOWE does your dental work you feel confident that you will get out of it
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and look
better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey, 5444
Carhartt Overalls
We have a large stock of Overalls, Jumpers and Boiler Suits,
iu blue, black and stripe.
DRESS and WORKING SHIRTS, from ?1.25 and $1.50 up.
AVORKING GLOVES from 50^ to $2.50 per pair.
MEN'S SUITS from $18 to 340.
"Not how cheap, but how good," is our motto.
Phone Sey. 702     309 to 315 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Natty Soft Hats
—In a wide choice of SHADES.
HATS for SPRINO that lend a spruce-
ness to your dress and a feeling of look-
Ins your best,
Trim, jaunty blocks and shapes—a selection that covers the sterling union-
made Hats.
Drop in for a "try-on" today. No time
lost In fitting, and you're assured of the
best In quality and valne.
13.00 to 96.00
DRESSY OAFS, $1.00 to 92.60
Richardson & Potts, Limited
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
On Your Footwear
Mr. Union Man—At this store you can always get just what you want in Footwear
that is union made.
Help your brother »iinior worker by insisting on having tho
J.ABEL on your shoes.
The Ingledew.Shoe Co.
fl   DON'T allow yourself to be "bamboozled";
fl   You can't buy gold dollars for ninety cents;
fl    You get only what you pay for;
fl   You can buy a house for $3000, and have a cheap house;
you can buy a similar onc for $2000, and get "done" on it.
fl   You ean buy a suit for $30, and get good value for your
money; you can buy a similar one for $20, and get "done" on
it.   It all depends on thc material used in its construction.
fl   Our famous "T. & D." Clothing carries our guarantee
with every suit and that means "Guarantee."
Boys' Suits at $7.85, $9.85 and $13.50, each worth
$3.00 a suit more.
Hen's "W. O. & R." Shirts at $1.25, worth to $2.00.
Peter's "Brotherhood" Overalls at $2, worth $2.50.
117 Hastings St. East
Australian   Junkers   Still
Plotting for Triumph
of Prussianism
Inventing New Schemes to
Hamstring Democracy
and Enthrone Mars
[By W. Francis Ahem]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., March 20.—(Special to The FederationiBt.)—We thought
that when we sent the conscriptionists
reeling before us, defeated on the con-
sciption issue last December 20th by
170,000 votes, we had killed conscription for all time in Australia. But it
seems that they aro quite undismayed
with their defeat, and intend to try and
fasten conscription on our necks by
hook or by crook.
Immediately HugheB and his gang
were defeated on the conscription issue,
a howl went up to have it put into
operation by act of parliament. It is
only right to say that the conscriptionists could not have thought what the
consequences would havo been if any
move waa made in that direction—especially in view of the fact that the
people had cast their votes most emphatically on the question. But when
Hughes got "cold feet" on this matter
and refused to do the "grand slam" in
Prussianism, little cliques within his
party began to plot and to intrigue and
set about overthrowing him.
"A Voluntary Scheme."
That explains why during the middle
of February he was forced to do something to quieten them. And so he issued a new recruiting scheme. It is
called a "voluntary" Bcheme but, as
will bo seen, there iB not much "voluntaryism" about it after all.
In the first place he is going to appoint a hight court judge to decide just
how many recruita per month will be
needed for the Australian armies. It
will be remembered that in the first
conscription issue he had got down to
7000 per month. It should be pointed
out that, averaging the Iosbbs over the
whole campaign our losses in killed,
wounded, sick and otherwise out of action, temporary or otherwise, worked
out at around 4000 per month. We disputed the 16,500 per month of the firat
campaign, Baying they were too high,
and we disputed the 7000 last campaign
for the same reason. To this HugheB
said there 'eould be no disputing the
facts—that tho numbers were set by the
army council in Britain. But we have
the satisfaction of at last knowing that
even the mighty Hughes doesn't know
how many per month are needed, and is
actually going to get a court to find out
thc information.
Frenzied Finance.
Then under the new scheme he is going to appoint a undersecretary of defence, who will take charge of tho recruiting movement, and review and
overhaul existing recruiting organizations. About all one can see in tbis is
that another supporter of HugheB is going to got a fat job, or maybe somo persistent opponent is going to bo bought
off. As an incentive to married men to
enlist, the separation allowance is going to be increased by 33 1-3 per cent.,
while in the cnso of all men, deferred
pay is to carry interest at the rate i\_
per cent, or tho current rate of1 war
bonds. It will be noticed that the men
are asked to put their deferred pay into
war bonds—in other words, they have
to do the fighting und pay for it as well.
This cla'uso of the scheme may woll be
taken out of the whole nrrnngement,
and suitably framed for future reference.
Plumbing the Depths.
But here is tho "all-wool-and-a-yard-
wido" clauso of tho scheme. Cnrds are
to be distributed to all men between
the ages of 19 and 44 years, asking for
information regarding nge, occupation,
and enlistment, stating unit, and nsk-
ing a definite question as to whether
tho mon addressed, provided a given
numbor of other men in hiB own district
or division, agree to submit their
names to a ballot, to submit his name
to such ballot, and to enlist if nnd
when the ballot results in his name being chosen in tho quota for nny month.
The enlisted men, after a short period
in camp, will be given lenve on full pny
to canvass for recruits among eligibles
in their homo locality. In addition to
thiB recruiting aergennts and others who
-enlist men will bo given a bonus of $2
for oach recruit they gather in, nnd
who are psflflod by tho finnl medical
board. It is not said how much a hend
will be pnid for men "shanghaied"
into tho camps. The "petticoats" nre
to bo givon the job of recruiting men
whero poBBiblo—thc govornment thinking that women with their winsome
wny may be able to induce the men to
take up duties on the western front
moro easily than thc male recruiter.
Economic Conscription.
Meantime n little economic conscription ib to be introduced in order to
make tho work of the recruiting sergeant all thc easier. In the case of temporary employees and exempted men in
tlie employ of the vnrious government
services, whoro there nre fresh appoint
monts or renewals, returned men will
roplnce eligibles, married returned sol
diers having first preference. Individual cases of hardship caused by dis
placement will bc considered on' their
merits. In case of casuals, n list ix to
bo prepnred, nnd returned soldiers will
receive flrst preference to replace eligibles wherever possible. Hpccinl facilities aro to be providod for returned sol-
diers to secure nppointments on tho
permanent staffs.
Tho last bat not least clause in the
ngreement iB that a special court is to
be appointed to deal with persons of
onchiy birth in the employ of tho Australian governments, and to submit tt
recommendation as to tlieir continuance
or otherwise in such employment.
Hasn't th« Nerve.
But even the above half-conscription
scheme did not satisfy thc out-and-out
R. A.  ("DIOK") BIGG
Outstanding figure in Labor movement of
Canada, a vice-president of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, ex-M. L. A. of
Manitoba, and ex-business agent of Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council, who hns
this week enlisted In a construction battalion for overscan service. Moro than 115,-
000 trado unionists throughout Canada
have preceded Mm.
Organization of Branch and
Election of Officers
to Take Place
Prussianists in our midst. They wanted
the real true-blue conscription and nothing else. Thus it is that ever since
the above schomo hns been announced,
littlo cliques and "caveB" have been
at. work trying to see how Hughes can
bo ousted and replaced by an out and
out conscriptionist so as to put conscription on the statute books of thc commonwealth. It seems that they wanted
Hughes to perform this act, but ho refused, thinking doubtless that in these
troublesome times discretion is tho bet'
ter part of valor.
When Themes Fall Out.
At tho present time, there are rumors
of a break in tho Hughes camp. Hughes
is extremely anxious to get out of the
country, and away to England as Australia's representative to the Imperial
conference. But it seems that thero
are soma "bad men" in his own party
who do not desire to soe this happy
state of things. Recently Hughes
launched an attack on them, threatening thero that if thoy persisted in making it too hot for him, he would go on
the side of tho Labor party (ho forgets
that the Labor party wouldn't have hjm
within sight of their party rooms, however), and throw cat the conscription*
ists and put the Labor party into
power. He oven went so far as to say
that in the "Win-the-war" party he
was thc loader, if there were not a few
Bolsheviks who were trying to jockey
him out of his job.
But the ringleader of thc conscriptionists, who won't have compromise on
any account, but who prefers the true-
blue conscription (made in Germany
brand) evidently resents this kind of
talk from Hughes with the result that
at the time of writing ho is holding a
meeting at Melbourne at which he iB to
state that he is done with Hughes and
bis party and is going to try and bust
up the show so as to bring in conscription right away. Meantime, there is
another section of the HugheB party
busy at work trying to upset the "little umbrella mender." This section
proposes to come out aa an anti-con*
scription party, get* the help of the
Labor party, put Hughes out of offlce,
and set up a government that will be
more sympathetic to Labor and will
sink conscription altogether. It should
bo Btatod here that the Labor party
could havo offlce out of this business if
it wished it, but it has no intention of
nursing a war-baby while tho "going is
good," and while tho debts nre so
heavy. Labor'h chnnce will como nt
the end of the wnr, when the whole
dirty businoss is to bo pushed—overboard. Given a clear run after the war,
nnd Labor will push forward some cards
concerning this unholy businoss that
will startle the world.
Woll, thc problem is this: If he is in
danger of getting ousted, Hughos may
turn round, swallow the bait nnd try
und institute conscription by act of parliament. On the other hand, the othor
section, relying on the help of thc Labor
pnrty for a snatch voto on the floor of
tho house of parliament, might even get
the support of Hughes, who might be
willing to compromise with Hughes in
this way, but may demand his totnl eli
initiation—in which case it is hard to
say what will hnppen. Labor, of course,
being in opposition, will vote for the
lesser of the three evils.
Our duty, before all, is to prevent
Hughes going to Englnnd at the representative of Australia, we maintaining
that he has no nuthority to speak for
this country in view of tbe crushing de
feut he sustained at the Inst conscription fight. Another duty is to compel
his retirement from the politicnl field
altogether, os we recognize that he is a
danger to Australia while he is at tho
head of affairs in this country. •lust
how tho tangle will unravel itself, however, it is hard to say.
Hughes Resents Bolsheviks
M'uch resentment is boing caused by
tho refusal of the Hughes government
in Australia to recognize the Bolsheviki
consul-general recently appointed by
the Leninc-Trotsky government. The
new consul-general is nnmed Potor Simon off, nnd for a considerable lime was
a working miner nt Broken Hill, n
Labor propagandist, and a member of
tho Labor volunteer Army formed
there to actively resist conscription hud
it been enforced. Litter on he wns the
editor of a Russian newspaper in Austrnlin, which hnd the misfortune to bo
confiscated by tho Hughes government
it littlo time ngo.
Simonoff is in Sydney nt the present
time, and has spent tt couple of days
with the Austrnlian representative of
this journal, Mr. W. Francis Ahem, and
stntes he is going to interview Hughes
personally nnd demand recognition in
Australia. Unless thin is granted him,
there is likely to bc trouble. Despite
his appointment, Simonoff states thai
he will spend most of his time in propaganda work among the workors of
Australia, and will give short shift to
the wealthy interests in the country.
China has 125,000 men behind the firing
lines In Mesopotamia and Prance. Thev unskilled bricklayers, masons and carpenters.
Encouraging Reports From
Various Parts of the
Next Monday evening the Federated
Labor party members, who have joined
in Vancouver, will nofd an organization
meeting in the Labor Temple. When
the party was launched seven weeks
ago the executive committee thought it
would bo best to get workers to join
the party before starting a branch.
ThiB has been done in Vancouver, in
South Vancouver and at New Westminster. It is also being done in othor
places and it is a good way to carry
on organization work. South Vancouver had< seventy-five members bofore
an organization meeting was called. If
a meeting had been called prior to
getting those members the chances are
that the attendance would not have
been encouraging. Now that Vancouver has a good membership a Vancouvor branch of the party will be organized and officers elected.
Many active workerB are struggling
in various parts of the province to start
a branch by means of meetings. This
plan is not always successful and is not
always an encouraging method, even
though results may have been obtained.
But there is a good opportunity ahead
that can be taken advantage of by
those individuals who are working so
well in the interests of tho party. If
a littlo band of men, say half a dozen,
can be got together and arrangements
made for a nice little social on the
ovening of International Labor Day,
Wednesday, May 1, it will in all probability bear the desired fruit. It will
not cost much and if a collection is
taken up among the audience to defray
expenses there may be no financial loss.
A little time and energy put forth in
this way may accomplish what other
methods have failed to do. It is worth
trying. As one Bpeaks to people about
the plan they will fall in and help.
Get a little music, donated if possible;
a fow refreshments, also donated. Advertise it in your local papers. Use the
telephone to tell your neighbors and
friends. Chalk it on the sidewalks, or
in other words, get everybody talking
about it. If you cannot get a speaker
for the occasion you can always get
some one to say a few words in regard
to the aims and objects of the F. L. P.
That will be plenty for the occasion.
Tiring people with long speeches sometimes has the opposite effect to that
intended. So try the other way this
rime. Start in right now, appoint
yourself a committee of one to interview a few more on this matter, but
don't give up if they say it enn't be
done. One man can do a whole lot if
he has a mind and a determination to
do it.
The progress of the party is most
encouraging. A mushroom growth is
not always an healthful sign and the
present growth suits the executive committee all right. A fow reports have
boen received from various quarters
and aro herewith published:
Squllu Heard From.
George G. Stapleton of Squilaz sends
for a bunch of application blanks
and states that thore aro quite a number of workers up there who are anxious to poin the party and form a
Meeting at South Wellington.
Secretnry Brooks reports 50 new
members now paid up in tbe party in
Soutli Wellington. A propaganda mcet-
'ng has been arranged for Sunday
•veiling, April 14. Chas. Lestor of
Vancouver will be thc speaker for thc
Vancouver Organization Meeting.
There will bo an organization meeting of the Vancouver membors of tho
F. L. P. Monday evening in the Labor
Temple, Admission to the meeting will
bo by membership cartl or receipt. The
business will consist of the election of
ffieera and discussion on organization.
Ladysmlth Organized.
. Hodgklnson and several of thc Nanaimo boys went up to Ladysmith last
Sunday and organized n branch of the
party in that city. About twenty
members joined and those arc expected
to get real busy and arrange for a May
Day celebration, in ordor to build up
the branoh.
Princo Rupert Growing Steady.
Slowly but surely tho workerB nre
getting Into the party, according to
word received from Secretary Rose of
tin1 1'rince Rupert brunch. Over 70
members uro now enrolled. Geo, Casey,
vice-president of the* district,  suys he
ipes to report  pretty soon the lining
■IJ It is not generally realized that a person dies of tuberculosis in Van*
couver practically every two days. If this record were maintained by
smallpox or diphtheria, it would be declared an alarming state of affairs.
However, because tuberculosis takes four years to kill its victim, it is
often allowed to pass as a less dangerous disease,
_ People are gradually waking up to the menace and nature of tuberculosis. Because of its steady advance, it cannot be cured so effectively
later than in its incipient stages. No medicine will cure consumption,
but fresh air, rest and good food will cure it if these remedies are taken
in time.
1| This makes it ull the more necessary that preventative measures be
taken and tho public educated far in advance as to the method of right
living, of protecting themselves against infection from others, and of
learning to report and register incipient cases that they may receive
•J It muy seem a long, a werisomc tusk to stamp out a disease which has
such a hold 'upon tho country as tuberculosis, but other pests and diseases
have been stumped out. Iu many mosquito infested areas, remedial
measures have been so effective that yellow fever haa become the exception rather than the rule. Sanitary measures in the Panama zone converted that territory from a pestilential spot into a fairly healthful
country. The uverage lifo of a man has doubled since smallpox, diphtheria and thc black plague havo been controlled. Years ago it was the
usual thing to see a person disfigured by .smallpox.
IJ In time, the same can bo true of tuberculosis, which like these other
diseases is infectious. It is not sufficient to cure cases, especially when
many cannot be cured. Simultaneously with cures, there muBt be prevention with tho emphasis put on prevention if at all. For one reason,
prevention of tuberculosis is effective; cure is not always so.
q The Rotary Tuberculosis clinic will have for its object the prevention
and control of tuberculosis, and the education of people about right ways
of living. It will bo freo to everyone. The amount wanted in the campaign next week will cover its maintenance for ono year, when it is expected tho city will maintain it. The problem waB to get started. The
Rotary Club took the matter up, and the members subscribed (15,000
thomselvos. They are now looking to the people of Vancouver for the
remaining $60,000 to make the clinic possible for tho total of 175,000 is
the lowest figure for which it can bo built.
*q Committees have been organized and will canvass the city next week.
The campaign executive has its headquarters in the Hotel Vancouver,
opposite the Vancouver block, where thero is an exhibit on the menace
and prevention of tuberculosis. It invites any persons who are interested, and who may wish to nssist in the work to call at the offlce.
Tbis space contributed by Carhartt's to help meet this menace.
Drug Specials
Reid's Family Remedies
Hum oto old rtindud remedies, SOe File Ointment  Ue
posittyely guaranteed.    Hone, te- tl.OO Burdock and Sanaparilla- Tie
funded If not aa stated. 50c Menthol Ointment He
tl.OO SyrupH-fpophosphites 75c ■>-*•■•'•> Beef, Iron and Wine  78s
60o Syrup White Pine and Tar.. 40c 26c Cascara Tablet! Me
*1.00 Blood Purifier 7tc tl.OO Hair Tonic 78e
50c Eciema Ointment 35c BOo Hair Eeetorer tOe
25e Witch Haaen Cream 80c 60o Bland'■ FUla.   He
*1.00 Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil 90c 25c Corn Cure  He
♦1.00 Tasteless Cod Liver Oil.... 85c 25c Carbolic Ointment Me
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1966 ll 1966
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3832
782 OranviUe Street Seymonr 7013
2741 OranviUe Street Bay. 2314 st 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 * 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service .
over onrconnter. Address 407 Hastings Street West.
up  of the  workers  in  Ominoca  nnd
Fort Oeorge Elects Officers,
Socrotary Bell of Fort Georgo sends
in fur 200 application blanks and 150
membership curds uud receipt books.
Thoy arc preparing fur an nctive enm-
paign in thnt district.   Ho expected the
oca! to have 50 moinbors by March 80
when (he locnl will elect 11 n OXOCUtivo
board of nine. Tho officers oleetod nt
the first meeting j woro C. W, Mooro,
liiiirinnn. und Win. Bell, financial BOO*
Rossland Workers Busy.
Qeorge Dingwall reports thut lie und
sovoral others nre busy  on bohnlf of
tho jmrty.   This is u raining district
nd thc miners huve nlwnys got bohind
Lnhor candidates in elections, so oven
though the results of their efforts to
have n good big branch mny not look
very promising just now, there is no
doubt luit thut Rossland will send it
Lnbor candidate to the House at tho
next election. It may he suggested to
tho boys who are now doing tlieir boflt
that locality, that, they continue
their good work of getting members
without the aid of meetings, but an
"nteniotionnl Labor Day socinl should
be arranged,
901 Doiinrio* bduddio
fl   Cocaine has been a most Important factor in relieving the
pain, attending dental operations.
fl I remember when it was first introduced. Since then it
has, m modified form, been used in various maimers.
fl It was first used in cases of extracting, being injected
into thc tissue surrounding the teeth. Twenty years ago a
system termed "Catophorcsis" was applied by which the den-
ture oi* tlie tooth was through the influence of an electric current rendered insensible to cavity preparation or removing the
fl   Later I will describe Ihis process, and tell why it is not
used today. *     '
The B.C. Electric Iron
Is Always Bright and Clean
Ready to tackle the largest wash. No soot or dirt
will soil the washing if you use this splendid iron.
Costs 2'/2 cents for 1 hour's ironing.
An Electric Iron gets too hot during the average ironing
unless thi! current is switched olT occasionally by pulling out
thc plug.
With the 13. 0. Electric iron you can have the plug out half
the time.
For extra heavy work when full heat is needed, the eost
for electricity would lie !i cents per hour.
Our consumers can purchase on easy payment terms.
Seymour 6000
Oarrall and Hastings H38 OranviUe PAGE FOUR
..April li, MS
Published every Friday morning by tha B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: $1.50 por year;    in Vancouver
City,  $2.00;  to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
"Unity ol Labor:   tbe Hope of the World"
.April 12, 11*18
WAB in u veritable rainbow  of
pronmc to every sinister and
baneful iuterestin human society.   It is a hurricane Hnd tempest to
all thut makos for human progress.   Its
advent   heralds the
REACTION resurrection    to    a
BOTH BAMPANT new life of ull thut
AND OOUOHANT. is roustionnry und
deadly to humun
progress nnd udvuiicemcnt, and Hounds
tho death knell for all tlmt muy linvo
been previously gained for the cuuso of
democrncy und humun liberty. In per-
feat unison with the tiring of the first
gun in tho present war camo the us-
anult upon all that had beon gained in
the way o'f democracy through the
struggles of the past, in the vnrious
countries involved in the fray. Like a
bolt from the blue came declarations of
martial luw in all of those countries.
All civil rights were practically destroyed at onc stroke, and thore immediately followed iu swift succession
such enactments und legal contrivances
as the cunning agents of reaction
deemed requisito for the throttling
of all sentiment and effort that
might interfere with or challenge
the designs of those sinister and
vicious interests that are the sole incitement to war, and find in its blood
und carnage opportunity for the fullest
realization of thoir aspirations through
the abrogation of democracy and the
■death of liberty. War is not an agent
of human progress. It is an incident
of human slavery. Human slavery does
not measure human progress, but, upon
the contrary, it signifies stagnation, ro-
action, retrogression and the eventual
death of human society. Wars arc the
convulsions, the spasms, presaging the
eventual collapse, which from present
indications is not so vory far off. Bigor
mortis in oblivion will be the "victory''' gained through the clash of arms
mow on, if the wisdom of rulors and
statesmen (God save tho mark) maintains its present high standard for another year or two.
* * *
A political situation of absorbing interest is rapidly developing in the United States, A capitalism that was, even
at the beginning of the wur, the most
powerful and consequently unscrupulous
on earth, has added immensely to its
power and prestige through tho good
fortune that hus been thrown into its
lap by the bloody strugglo in Europe,
An amazingly lucrative trado of prodv
.gious volume in supplying the blood-
cruzod suvugeB of Europe with thi
means of killing themselves off, has
brought to the United States mling
class such an overwhelming Hood of 1
O. U.'s, commonly tormed capital, thut
these rulers find themselves in the posi
tion of godfutl'-rs und guardians—in u
money sense—to ml their brethren
throughout more than half the earth,
And that thoy are somewhat swollen
up and inclined to be arrogant over it
goes without saying. So elated are they
at their great good fortune; so in toxica ted have they become through these
copious accumulations of drafts upon
the future, that the big dominant capitalist interests are becoming more outspokenly und openly reactionary in the
furtherance of thoir political policy for
thnt future, than in any othor country
of the earth, not even excepting Germany.
* *        *
The attitude of the big interests of
tho Unitod States may well bo defined
as thnt of reaction rampant.   Its powerful pressure is being brought to bear,
in every conceivable wuy, to give to democracy tho death stroke by converting
the nation into a militury despotism of
the most approved Prussian type.   Its
big spokesman,  such as Congressman
Kahn and othors, lire already voicing
from thu Boor of Congress the demand
■that enforced military slavery shall be
mado a "pcrmunont national policy,"
and that its application shall  include
all males from lti yeart of age up.   Thc
reactionary governor of Illinois voices
the demand that thc franchise should
only go with military training; "thut
no one who is not amenable to the orders of some officer should be allowed
to vote."   An overwhelming avalanche
of ovidenco is at hand to show that the
wildest dreams of bloody Prussian mili
ttary ambition never had anything on
the -aspirations of the delectable combination of financial and commercial pi
sates that represent reaction rampant in
thc "land of thc free and the home of
the brave,"   No moro appropriate pie
'tare could possibly be drawn of what
this unscrupulous bund of pirates are
looking forward to than that drawn by
a Mr. John M. Parker in au address
before the conference of the "National
ISecurity Leaguo" at Chicago last February.   This eloquent foghorn of reaction rampant declared: "We want five
*undrod West Points nnd five hundred
AnnnpoTif.es in this country after the
■war.''    No further comment is ncces-
'snry in order to clearly point out the
'fate of anything and everything that
fcears even the slightest truce of democracy or democratic purpose, in the event
©If rampant reaction becoming the permanent policy of the country.
•       •       *
Reaction  couchant is found  in  the
political attitude and policy of tho Wtl-
mo administration, bucked up by the
potty interests and  the  rag tug and
ibobtuil wanderers in thc politicul wilderness who fancy their peripatetic me*
andorings to bo symptomatic of radical
thought   and   democratic   proclivities.
'Thus continually wandering about in a
«lrcle and consequently frequently over-
'taking their own tracks, those confused
vines   fondly   imagine   themselves   to
dither be going With the multitude to-
words some longed-for goal, or Hie multitude to be following them to the samo
indefinite attainment.   The wollboaten
nature of the circular path they follow
-onflrms them in the belief, regardless
going it, of course, does not know how
to got thore, nor the direction to take.
As a consequence of this it is getting
in bud, not only with its rampant relative, big business, but with all progressive und radical thinkers and those who
believe in and ure ready to do buttle
for a real democracy, u democracy that
is not and can not be conserved and
safeguarded by wholesale murder
abroad and deportution, lynching, jailing, killing and tarring and feathering
at home.
* * *
By the brutal and blind policy of the
couchant reuction of tho present administration in condoning the nwful atrocities perpetrated by self-appointed "vigilante committees" on patriotic purpose bent; by the brutal persecutions
practiced upon members of the I. W.
W., Socialist and other orderly and
legally constituted progressive und democratic organizations; in the autocratic and impudent interference with thc
mailing privileges of private citizens
and tho publishers of legitimate labor,
socialist and other progressive publications; by its infamous conscription law
our edification and uplift, there does
not seem, to bo anything in his prognostications at all calculated to bring
added joy to our sad hearts or intoxicating delirium to our morbid souls,
made snd and morbid because wo have
experienced for so long in the past the
very things that our prognosticntor
prognosticates we shall bo compelled to
continue to suffer through nil timo to
come. Of course, that little touch of
punk about the best being "none too
good for all who labor" is thrown in
no doubt as a condiment calculated to
give flavor and relish to the rest of the
nauseating menu, but the nasty taste
in the mouth that has been inherited
from centuries of master class "peace
and justice" cun not be removed by
any sauce less pungent and penetrating
than that already administered by the
Russiun revolutionaries, and it will
have to be real and not merely verbal,
at that.
* *        *
The forces of nature have been harnessed aud production increased to nn
extent hitherto undrenmd of, and yet
aud the brutul penalties sorvod out to j plonty does not bless that portion of
those whoso manhood and devotion to  *      1"*"1 *1*"* *""'        J i_ "' :
principle make it impossible for them to
submit to its infamous requirements; by
its equally infamous and worse than
Prussian espionage enactments; in fact
by its entire national domestic policy,
so closely akin to Prussianism as to
mnke it a stench in the nostrils of every
real enemy of autocracy, it has alienated the sympathy and support of every
genuine advocate of democracy and
lover of freedom in the land. If they
have not all been alienated already, unless theso brutal policies are speedily
modified and brought more closely into
line with the spirit of real democracy
there will be such a political revulsion
against the WHsonian regime that it
will stand more than a chance of boing
irretrievably ditched, in spite of a flood
of raucous affirmations of the purity
of its democratic intent. At any rate a
most interesting political situation is
developing in that country. It ought
to bring about-something like a political convulsion in the near future, perhaps ut the Congressional elections next
November. We shall see. Let it be
hoped that nothing of the kind, however, will evor devolop in Canftdn. Our
reaction here is neither rampant or
couchant. It is just merely rotten and
the Canadian common herd is altogether
too tame, loyal nnd well-behaved to
bury it, no matter how great the stench
it emits.
of thc fact that it leads nowhero.   The
present  administration  policy   likewise
leads nowhere.   It is the living em1   ,:
ment of reaction couchant      "
may 1:
whicli &....	
is hesitant, uncertain nnd
its following.
Though it
.eVmdv'to^P""g it knows "Jot J.J
direction to launch its attack.  It
■ertain nnd confused liko
Not knowing where it is
E WHO HAS never builded castles in the air has surely lived in
vain.   He has never tasted tho
exquisite pleasure of real achievement.
He hus fuiled to realize the possibilities
thut     lie     dormant
BUILDING       ; within    the    humnn
OABTLES inind uwaiting to be
IN THE AIR. quickened into life
und creative expression under the impulse of an imagination thnt mukoth all things possible,
even though they belong to the impossible. To successfully build castles in
the uir of compelling gruudeur and ornate design requires no other material
than an clastic imagination. With this
material at hand, it is fully ns cusy to
accomplish the impossible ns it is for
the financiers of the world to pilot the
nations thereof safely through the reefs
and rocks of bankruptcy by buying
things that cun neVer be paid for be
cause thore is nothing with which to
make payment, und expecting to be able
to square thc account by the continued
issue of promises to do so. Be thnt as
it may, however, we still hove an unbounded admiration for the builder of
nir castles. He is the suit of the earth,
inasmuch as he cannot be justly accused of that dour pessimism that is
well calculated to turn the joy ride of
life iutp a sombre and melancholy funeral procession. He never tears down.
He builds, he creates, no matter how
fantastic and impossible his creations.
He roars his creations to the skies ond
complacently contemplates the result of
his efforts from the1 pinnacle of a satisfaction that is incomprehensible and
unattainable by wretched mortals who
cast ia lugubrious, morbid, melancholy and pessimistic mold.
*. * *
Tosephus Daniels, secretary of the*
navy, who dwelloth at Washington, D.
at least temporarily, is an optimis-
builder of: nir castles without compare. And wc are prompted to so affirm
Ity u sincere und profound admiration
for his undoubted and irrespressible talent along the Hue of conjuring forth
from his fertile imagination the most
owing pictures of things that aro to
be, and doing so with the same dogmatic finality that prompts the most confirmed pessimist to lugubriously asset-
vale that, everything is going headlong
to the demnition bow-wows. Addressing thc National Geographical Society
recently, the gallant old' seu dog painted
in profuse colors the most enchanting
picture of the future that wus over
spread upon.canvas by the artful tongue
of man. Aftor this war is over, according to .Tosephus, and. tlie wnr lords Hnve
been put to sleep, forever, this is what
is to happen:
"practical knight.* of peace and. justice will muster the secrets of earth
and seu and sky for the eomfortt and
improvement of the racm Thoy. will
lot no water power remain unharnessed. They will drnw the titrate
from tile air co. enrich the, oarth.
They will utilfiza present u**|«ncios
of production so thut pie nny will
bless mankind audi uuluuk. th*r secrets
of nature to umrense production fast-
ter tban population makmu demanj*
for food and raiment ftnd comforts—
aye, and luxuries, also, frit- tho lust
is none too. good! for all wti» labor.
'-' Discoveries now uwltaimmcd of
will respond: to t;he m-wtmr touc-fr of
mon of genius and v/q. shall transport without lose front one continent
to nnoth-er the products and wares
that will add to* human happiness.
"Waste will be elininatej from
pole tu pole* Governments,, instead
of being required to spend billions
on arms, wiU ntixe large sums for
tho erection and research and scientific, production until nn man who
lulvors will luck anything thut will
give nourishment or aid to his happiness.
"Chomists and workers in ordinance and iu making munitions will
be freed from making agencies of
destruction so they mny curry on experiments nnd operations to multiply
nil things that will sustain nnd make
life more abundant instead of in-
"■reusing the butchery of the race."
* *        *
As those same "kniglMa of peace"
have been busy ull down through thp
uges of human slavery iu doing Ihe
very things that .Josephus prognosticates that they will continue to do after
tin; present cruel wnr is over, and us
thc result of their efforts is now boing
most magnificently spread before ys for
mankind that toils and sweats in servitude, any more thun it did in the days
bofore any of these forces had been
harnessed and production thereby increased. "Discoveries" have responded "to tho master touch of genius"
aud "products and wares" are transported without appreciable Iosb, until
the "touch of men of genius" is turn
ed to blowing them up. Theu it is dif
roront. But in no case has human happiness over been added to by toting,
"products and wares" up and down
the length and breadth of the earth.
That sort of thing produces no wenlth;
it is merely a matter of getting away
with tho plunder taken from the producers. It is purely a ruling class pastime, incidental to thc great game of
ruling and robbing. "Waste will be
eliminated," says Josephus. But thc
fnct still stares us in the face that all
that which constitutes the boasted development of the past, and which is expressed in the huge complicated and
allegedly powerful modern machinery
and system of wealth production, has
left in its wake and as its supreme
achievement nothing but waste to the
producers. Tho more powerful it becomes tho greater the amount available
to the rulers and masters to be wasted
in the production of non-essential
things, things that neither feed, clothe
or shelter the producers of food, clothing, shelter and tho other essentials, or
in any manner aid1 in so doing. Instead
of eliminating waste, the present system is the supreme achievement in the
art of waste. The primitive man of
long ago, before power driven tools
and machines wore even dreamed of,
when all of the activities were carried
on by hand, nnd with the simplest of
tools, got his living with less expenditure of energy than does his enslaved
successor of today. And he was fnr
more secure in that living for the very
simple reason that he wns not dependent upon itB being brought to him
from perhaps the other side of the
globe. And he wns not compelled to
feed and otherwise provide for others.
And therein lies thc secret of our present predicament, A comparatively
small percentage of the able-bodied
adults of the world are now engaged in
essential production. Upon their shoulders rests the entire burden of producing fond, clothing, shelter and other
really essential things of life. All the
rest arc either doing nothing but eat,
drink, wear and enjoy, or are expending
thoir time and energy in the production
of things that nre in no manner essential to the comfort and well-being of
themselves and their fellow producers,
bnt administer solely to the upbuilding
and maintenance of the ruling class empire of plunder and magnificence, nnd all
that i« implied therein. All of which lends
us to conclude und confess thnt upon
second thought, our Josephus is not the
success as a builder of air castles thut
wc imagined. In fact he is but a cKilnsy
amoteur. That which at first glance we
mistook for his imagination, turns out
to be only his memory. The beautiful
picture that we thought he was painting of the future resolves itself into
nothing more notable than u cheap daub
of. tho pust. And come to think of it,
hut imagination, what vision of the
futuro, can the cheap and mediocre politicians and statesmen of the ruling
class Hanto above and beyond that
whieh is determined by the sordid,, vicious and, baneful interests they serve?
Not even a Lloyd George or a Wilson
can risn above that.
the world market in terms of money,
the genorally accepted commercial cognomen of wealth. So much for that one
* * *
As labor creates all wealth that is
measured in terms of exchange, it in
disputably follows that labor must of
necessity bc the sole paymaster, if what
is called payment is to be made in material things. Thero can be no other,
beeause there is no other producer of
exchange value. Whatever portion, be
it great or small, of that which the
workers produce thnt iB taken from
them can only be taken without payment, for tho reason already set forth,
There is nothing, either at tho moment
or at any othor time, with which to
make payment. Promise of payment
may bo made, but it can not be kept.
Such promise becomes a fhing immortal.
And theso promises constitute all there
is or ever was to the world's money. In
the face of thes* few facts, it ought to
be clear to oven a professor without a
job as to who can and does pay, and
who can not and does not do so.
* *        ♦
Another very simple fact might bo
mentioned, familiarity with which
should enable itinerant professors to
steer clear of many blunders they aro
quite in the habit of making in regard
to economic questions, nnd thut is the
fact of whut constitutes property. Property, in tho commercial acceptance of
the torm, can consist only of that which
can bring a revenue to the owner thereof, without effort on his pnrt. The very
fact of ownership must insure the revenue, if his alleged property is to be
property in fact, and: therefore capable
of being rated-in the market as an investment. Now it so happens,, as already set forth, that there is but one
thing on earth* that possesses the virtue,
attribute or power to bring forth revenue to its owner, nnd that is the human
animal, tho creator of exchange value
embodied in material things; This animal is more commonly termed ni working man. As he is thc only oroator of
exchange value and revenue ean only be
realized in material things carrying:
such valuo, it then becomes perfectly
clear that the working class must of necessity constitute all there is or can be
to property. The control of other things
such as resources of the earth and tools
und instruments as they are* brought
forth-by the workers, serves merely to
mask'tho real proporty and make'it'appear that these resources and tools ore
"n themselves property. In short this
control becomes tho title hold-by the
ruling class to the human property that
brings to it its revenue und amasses
its figurative wealth. Gould the working class stop work indefinitely, all revenue would cease, all property value
would vanish. That class constitutes all
thc property on earth. Thnt class, consisting of working farmers and rural
nnd urban wage-earners alike,'is owned
body, boots and breeches by the kings,
the emperors, thp capitalists and the
"captain's of industry" of this and all
other lands; that precious gang .of costly and non-paying worthies that constitutes the ruling class of the earth. And
not even knowing that much it is small
wonder that Scott Nenring und many
olher professors should lose their jobs
us educators and thereafter be compelled to wander in the wilds of confusion
up and down the land boring their patient fellow mortals with an endless repetition of whut they do not know. They
are so much worse than boils that Job
must huve experienced and enjoyed a
condition or state approaching unto perfect beautitude, in comparison with tho
sufferings endured by the patient vie*
thus of the boring. Patience may, in
time, cease to be a virtue. Then blood
will be spilled and the spilling thereof
will not necessarily be confined to tkc<
battlefields of Europe. Let us hope so>
Mr. Sampt'l Gompers is to be in Montreal on April 2Q< for the purpose of
addressing the Canadian Club. It
would have been far more appropriate
and in closer consonance with the eternal- fitness of things had bc been there
oni April! 9.
(i)B HAD patience, He also hud
boilb. If we ore not misintlormed,
__. his; patience was moat sorely triiedl
by the boils with which ho was afflicted,.
We also have patience almost without
limit, but nut quite.
HOW LONG ABE We have no. boil's it
WE TO BE THUS present, nor do wo
AXELICTEBv anticipate acquiring*,
any in tins- futiwo-,
mil ask they are forced, upon us: by some
authority beyoudi our power to resist.
But there* art- otfcot inflictions even
worse than boils, und they tome vgon-
us from the most unexpected! quarters,,
and. in saeh matfgna-.it form as to. unifee-
it nil hut impossible- to uvoid] the uhcoiui
fortubb> and even* painful aonsc(|tU!nxe
ufi too clbse JtomAliarity with ttieta. Fvr
instune«| there- is thut unsufferubte bore
;whi). talks hy the hour ii.nl writes by
the mile about fhe "conscription, of
wealth," or "who should* pay tior the
war; *" There is a profewior in the discard: over in the United. States by thc
name of Steott Nearing, who is especially aidicted to boring the few, thu very
few iu human society who had sense
enough in their weak heads to recognise even the most simple and elementary truths, witb yards: ot inane drivel
about "taring wenltjh to pay for the
war,** or giving renins galore why the
"poor" should not be called upon to
liquidate tho billt
» * •
Thero are centra facts in relation to
tho producing,, buying, selling uoid exchanging of tljuw material things that
constitute wtat is ordinarily- termed
woalth, thntt itand out so prominently
before us that it would seem, almost impossible Hunt thoy should Ostftpo the attention oJj even laymen, M alone professors i«id professional1 high brows.
Among these might be men tinned one
that is- sf> self-evident that it might be
property termed an axiom, and that ii
that ull material things that appear in
the world market, that is that
bought, sold, exchanged or otherwise
commercially disponed of, nre the product of humnn lubor ulone, nnd the ex
change vnluo they carry and which is
expressed in the money term of price,
is put into them by the laborers who
produced thorn; thut ito other force,
creation, eontriiplinn or device in nny
manner aids in the creation of such ex-
chango vnlue, and thnt ull contention to
Ihe contrary thereto is pure invent
In other words, labor, alone and un-
aided, produces all that ts measured
The extremely dangerous shortage,of.
labor in the [Tinted States, is unmistakeably indicated by the report of the
city-government office of Taeoma,
Wash,,, for the mouth of March. During bhttt month, 4001 applications for
jobs were made to the office. Of these
1-212 were filled. The remaining .2800
wero still idle at least reports. This
world shoctage uf'lnbor is indeed threatening,, ■
that the company had refused to sell
poultry at a price that was not satisfactory to it, aud honCff the disaster
and loss. As if tho loss suffered by the
poor company wus not enough without
every captious and fault-finding critic
unloading his spleen and voiding his
rheum upon the loser, thereby adding to
its,doad of misery and discomfort. And
whose business is it anyway, if a business concern or individual loses a few
pounds of poultry or other valuable
thing in the great gamble called business, outside of those who suffer the
loss! Poultry, like everything else, is
not produced and stored for any put-
pose bo grossly material and undoubtedly vulgar as that of satisfying the'
craving of hungry stomachs. It is produced and stored for the minently spiritual and uplifting purpose of making a
profit out of the process. It is only ig-
norantins and ill-bred shallow pates
that will either jeer at or curse those
whom ill fortune cheats out of tho profits that should be gathered hy the noble souls who risk their frozen poultry
for such a noble purpose. Let us eut
out this vulgar and" unsympathetic
rough stuff, and insist on holding a
"tag day" for poultry-loser*), along
with the reBt of the deserving patriotic
We have been frequently toll! linw
nations through war riso to height's of
nobility and lofty achievement, impossible of attainment in any othor manner. Everybody knows how "Franco
has found her soul'' in the present
war. At loast they should know it,
for every newspaper correspondent and
piffling scribbler of liternry tommyrot
has dinned it into the public cur ever
since the first gun was fired. Therefore there can no longer be any reason
to doubt it. Also under the beniflcent
influence of war, with its attendant
aberration of patriotism, all that is
commendable, grand, lofty, inspiring,
ennobling and beautiful in the human
soul comes triumphantly to tho surface
and contributes mightily to the spiritual and cultural uplift of the race and
permeates the moral and ethical atmosphere of civilization with tho intoxicating nepenthe of its delightful presence and delectable perfume. Por instance, last week over 2,000 men and
boys at La Salle, 111., ducked Dr. J. C.
Biemiuirt In u canal, made him kiss the
American commercial trade mark and
warned him to leavo tho city within
live days. The reason for this commendable ebullition of patriotic fervor
nnd: cultural superiority over the past
dark ages of ignorance and vulgar
superstitition, appears to be found in
the awful fact, that the Dr. called Secretary Baker a "fathead." While no
further.'comment, on Secretnry Baker|s
headpiece is necessary, there can be
little doubt as to tho mental, spiritual
and-cultural qualifications of those who
were responsible for tho treatment accorded Dr. Biemnnn, as well as that
of the "democracy" that toleratos
such cxhibiitons of course ruffianism
and. low vulgarity. Even the " kultur V
of the vicious Hun hns not yet descended to tho level of tnr and feathers, deportation, floggings, enforced flag kiss-
ings, nnd midnight murders as tho
pastime of brutal, ignorant, vulgar
mobs made dlrunk either with the booze
of patriotic-excitement or the booze of
corn or r.yei Th© last word in atrocity
and impudent, repudiation of all that
bears even a semblance of reason and
decency in the conduct and affairs of
civilized society has been left to the
self-touted- democracy of this, western
world, and it is certainly making good.
Down with, autocracy and its brutal
and vulgar ''kultur."' Let ns have
none-off itl.
Thut Cut old humorist, Mr.* Charles
M.. Schwab,, chairman of the Bethlehem
St«el Corporation, is being ■ lauded' to,
thi* skies for granting the Bethjchum
slaves an advance in wages of approximately lift per cent^ and that too with'
oat suRi.Ha.tion upon the part ofl the
slaves. And now it leaks out that' the
Bcthtefljant eleemosynary concern i is eu»
guged solely upon government work- un
"n cust-plus basis." It may thUs.be
seen: that tkis munificent wage advance
will 'not beur adversely upon the bunk
nccoefit of the distinguished' Mr.
SchiWH'b}, hot, on the contrary, will1 add:
to Vtt. If the profit of the Bethlehem
Company is to be, let us Bay,- 10 percent, on. the total cost of production,
and the eost of production is immasedl
15. per eent. by the advance ini wages,
it logically follows that the-proflt od'
tbe eompany is also increased) 1:5 pec
cent.    Hurrah for Schwab.
Three hundred- aad seventy-six «*!-
lion tons of freight were handled apori
the waterways- of the United! States
during thc year. 1M6. Thi* ts equivalent to more thus '.,% tons per head of
the entire population of tile- country. It
also has nothing to do with the addi-
toinal umouni that must have been handled entirely by the railways and other
means of" transportation.. Now, as it is
manifestly- impossible that each person
could, upon an average, consume 3%
tons of-ueoduca In a year—to say nothing of th0 railway and other tonnage
referred to—it would1 be quite interesting tu know whnt renlly essential human requirement could possibly call fop
such nn enormous amount of production
and haulage. The more closely we enquire into the alleged economy attributed to this marvelous age of great productive achievement, the more are we
inclined to agree with Puck in his pronouncement ef "what fools these mortals be."
It is alleged that the Bev. J, Rich-
inond Craig delivered u powerful sermon from the- pulpit of the Westminster Presbyterian church on Snnday
last, in which he raised hell with the
'' grafters."' He based his message
upon tlie scriptural injunction, **Thou
shalt not steol',." as found1 in the thirteenth chapter of Paul _ Epistle to the
Eomans. The good man declared that,
the■ chapter might '''easily have been
written-to meet conditions which existed today instead of for a people of
2,000 years ngo." Sure thing, and why
not.?' The basic principle of the eivit-
izution of 2,000 yenrs ago was exactly
the sambas that of today. The priests,
rulers and other notables of that nge
livedisolcly upon that whicli wns stolon
from-the-slaves-of production, j'ust ns
is the case; now. THey taught the same
falsehoods and practised the same deceits na dti their worthy* successors of
the present. No doubt an: occasional
out" among them got up on his hind
legs* and- roundl.w denounced and ex-
eoriiitedi the rest: »»fi the delectable gang,
just us is frequently done during these
glorious days. Bfet the same eld plundering: of enslnMcd' workers went merrily oo- ond the- gang; not excluding
tho captious, critical and1 occasionally
cantankerous ones wlto perhaps fre-
quorutdy playedi to the gallery for the
opplitufle that Ts- ever dear te the vulgar soul, kept right ou stuffing their
grtmdjy: bellies; with tha- plunder afore-
safidi. And they: are still on the job
and: getting by with it, During the
course of h* diatribe the pious parson cast inviilious reflections upon the
atmosphere that prevailed around the
Lnb-er Temrib, "-where there wns many
iu grafter Hiving off* the poor working
I'iiiub." And! who* else eould the "grafter'"' oithei- heavenly or mundane live
off; except the working man? Even
sky pilots and spiritual guides cannot
deliver tlieir wares or perform their
offices except their earthly engines-.be
stoked with substance of tho earth,
earthy, -ind none but the working; man
mines that sort of fuel. But the.good'
man should not waste any sympathy
upon the working man who affords the
rich pickings for the Labor Temple
"grafters,** for after the emntojers
and thoir retainers, apologists), pimps
and hangers on, not forgettiiug the
peddlers of heavenly soporifics; %nd spiritual anasthetics, get through, with him
this: working man affords bmt slim picking for any additional,"gr,aflters" that
may lay for him in the <Xttrk shadows
ef the Labor Temploy or anywhere else.
They will not get rich <*u tho pickings
nor will the "poor, working man" be
appreciably the poorer for the picking.
Be that as it may> however, the parson's interest ini'the "poor working
man" will no doubt bo appreciated by
that worthy figure in contemporary history,
We offer exceptional values in ruby and diamond,
emerald nnd diamond, and other combination gem rings.
Here is an example:—
Ring with ruby and two diamonds—first quality gems
of fair size—in fine platinum setting. The appearance of
this ring indicates a much higher value $76,00
We invite inspection whether a purchase is intended
or not.
Oeo. E. Tiorey, Man. Dlr.
OranviUe and Georgia Sts.
Don't stow away your spare cash In
any old cornor whore it is In danger
from burglars or flre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada offers yen perfect safety for your
monoy, and will givo you full banking
aervice, whother your account la large
or imall.
Interest allowed   on  savings  dope*
O. N. STACEY, Manager
OraiTille and Pender
W. 0. JOT. Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
Orowne, Bridgfi and PiUlngi
made the tame shade as yoa own
natural teatn.
Dr. Gordon.
Open evenings 7:80 to 8:30.
Dental nurae In attendance.
Over Owl Drug Stare
Fboa* Bay. 6238
has opened offices in the Hack
Block, corner of Hastings and Cambie streets.   Phono Seymour 7810.
commissioners the more it costs the fellow who is unable* to pass it on.
_ Why not a* civic hafcery? Is
there any reason on earth why a profit
should bo mado in war-times- out of
IJ If Vancouver ean make a
success of its water power systom, collectively owned, why not a coal and
€j] According to gpvcriimeutol reports,
British Columbia legislators cost moro
per capita than iu any other province
of thc Dominion.
_ Ex-8penker J. W. Weart, M. L.
A., South Vancouver, says a provincinl
government banking institution is needed in British Columbia. Second the motion.
_ Ono of the accounts of tho.Canadian senate is, for the.sura of $1000 for
ladies' bags and purses. And thon somo
people get real mad when these snme
senators are referred to as "old women. ''
■IJ Had tho Vancouver Automobile
club taken the Hon, Dr. King over the
Pacific Highway in a tino-Iimo howoMld
have compromised! beforo going halfway to Blaine by-promising the delegation all they wanted.
t_ Why not a. Greater Vancouver
carrier system, similar to that of the
post office? The Federationist suggests
Con Jones to organize the undertaking.
There is altogether too much waste under the present method of delivery.
IJ The food hogs and profiteers of
Canada were never happier nor have
they anything, to. complain of. Their
hired executive at Ottawa is "plnying
the game." Comes high to the workers,
buit is the price- of theie eollectivo political folly.
9_ Coal prices are tu be again advanced. Andl with the fall consent and
approval of the " controller." Same
old hoax, too>. is peddled! this timor-the
coal-diggers ace to blame. Wbat would
"be the matter with .the provincial gov-
ernment opening up a co&l mine or two,
so that it. eould' supply purchasers
at the cost of production! Dunsmuir
private yachts, coal heron millionaires,
etc, is thu price paid for the privilege
of letting corporations operate coal:]
mines foe profit. '
IJ So the provincial minister uf ],ubd>r
iB to establish a string of free labor
bureaus throughout. British Columbiuy.
for tho- benefit, af course, of the jhbi
seekers. This is a sort of addition, to
the efforts of the department to gathering up school kids, at 410 per mouth
for farmers and berry-raiBers. The>i*re
Bcmt employment sharks will not l)u* dis
tuirfied, except that the boss must of
nwessity now, pay for the hIuivu* enlistment, instead) of the slave paying it
,l!r»t hand, a» heretofore. Chanees are
one of the employers' representatives
will be put; on the government payroll
Bank of Toronto
Assets  184,000,000
Dspostts  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Saving! Account may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
in the names of two or more
persona. In thete accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. Far the different members of
a family or a firm a joint account is
often ft groat convenience. Interest ia
paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Bastings and Gamble Streets
The Bank of British North America
Bitablifhad in 1836
Brandies    throughout    Canada    and    at
'New   York,   Snn   Francisco  and  Dawson
Savings Department
J. Edward Sean     Offlee: Say. 4141
Barriilen, Solicitors, Conveyancer), Etc.
Victoria and Vanconver
Vancouver Offloe: 616-7 Rogers Bldg.
in connection with the administration
of the measure.
The "Freedom" of Ireland.
" . . . more troops may be
needed in Ireland to enforce the draft
than will be produced by its enforcement."—Dnily World.
As the result of conferences between
the government and' the labor nnd agricultural representatives a federal grunt
of .$50,000 has been made for tho establishment of labor kireuu-s throughout Canada.*
It appears that the Wm. Davies Company of Winnipeg, hung on »t0 some
thousands of pounds of eold storage
poultry until it spoiled upon their hands
and had tn be sent to the incinerator.
This has caused a job lot of surface-
shimmers to Variously weep, wail and
howl both .ingrily, and ulso lugubriously, Home (>f thom have been vory cnus-
lie in their criticism of the company,
and liavo unmercifully castigated and
reviled it. A commissioner nppointed
to InvoatigatO uncovered thc awful fact \
q    Why    not
IJ    Why   not   provinciully-owned   and
operated canneries?
<|    Why   confine   civic   ownership  to
parks, water and fish?
<|   The   more   food   controllers   nnd
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
THIS is thc kind wc are offering you at popular
prices. Our garments are tailored by two of
Canada's oldest and most reliable wholesale tailors.
No "sweat shop" products here. Prices may look
the same on paper, but examine the garments on
which they are placed, and you will realize thc advantage of buying at the J. N. Harvey Stores,
MEN'S SUITS, at $15 to 840
Exceptional values now at $20, $22.50 and $25
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also 614-616 Yates Street, Victoria, B. 0,
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign ___ FBIDAY. April 12, 1918
Week of April 15th
Eugene    Walters'    Sensational
Comedy Drama
"Just a Woman"
With Edythe Ellott ln a Oreat
Emotional Fart
Prieet-Ue, SOe, 40c
Main and Broadway
This week
Douglas Fairbanks
"The Habit of Happiness"
Monday Tuesday Wednesday
Wm. S. Hart
"Wolves of the Rail"
Week of April 15th
BTMln-fi:   180,  800,  40c,   66c,  800
Mfttlno.s: 16c, 20e, 30c, B6o
And Six Other Acts  	
The Federatlonist Is on sale In
Vaneoaver at the following news
13* Hastings Street Eut
Corner Hastings and Colombia
422 Richards Street
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Street
Cor. Richards and Hasting!
206 Carrall Street
135 Hastings East
Port Coquitlam,  B. 0.
Every Union in B.C. ■JUfiK
for THB FBDEEATIONIST ln i body.
PAY FOB IT MONTHLY, qairterlr or
yearly, as beat sulti the wUhea of the
membenhlp. Submit a motion it next
meeting—and advlio Tha Fadarattonlit
of the reanlt.
S. T Wallace's
Seymour   784
Seymour 1286
Buy Food with a thought of
tho Allies.
—Canada Food Board,
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 5'a, per
tin   44c
Tomatoes, 2Vj'h  2 for 35c
Quaker Oats, rog. 35c, special
special for  28c
Pacific Milk, per tin ...lie
Per case  15.00
Cownn's    Perfection    Cocoa,
l's, rog. 50c, special 40c
% 's, reg. 25c, spocinl ....21c
Pineapple  2 tins 26c
"Victoria  Cross" Tea,  lb 40c
8 lbs. for $1.16
R. C. Linen Soap 6 for 26c
Also Fresh and Smoked Meats,
Salt  and Smoked Fish.
Buy hpro and save money.
Many Union Labor Trades
Making Satisfactory
The Federated Labor Party
Gaining in Strength
and Prestige
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, April 2.—
Organized labor in northern British Columbia is moving forward faster today
than at any time in its history. Looking back over the laBt few weeks, since
the recent Vancouvor convention,
proves tho truth of this assertion. That
the trade unions of Princo Rupert are
tnking a deeper interest in the B. C. F.
of L. than ever before was shown by
the large attendance at tho special
meeting called for the purpose of hearing the report of their joint delegate,
your humble servant, and I can truthfully say I am proud of the interest
and appreciation shown at the rarest-
ing of my report, and for the work of
the B. C. F. of L. generally. The proposal to increase the per capita, to include a copy of the Federationist to
each member, met with unanimous approval.
Increase in Wages.
A number of the locals have increased their wages and bettered working
conditions. The Typographical union's
1918 contract called for a Blight increase. The Machinists made a demand,
offective March 1, and which has been
recognized by the employers, of 75c per
hour, 8-hour day, Saturday half-holiday, double time for all overtime.
The Carpenters, with a mixed local
of shipwrights and carpentors, have
made a demand, effective April 1, for
a like scale and conditions. The dry
dock and the local contractors will
meet these terms, and there is every
reason to believe that it will be accepted by all firms employing union
men. Thero is a good demand for members of the craft, new memberB being
enrolled at every meeting. Looking
forward to being 100 per cent, organized in a fow moro weeks.
Conditions Better Generally.
The Retail Clerks are strongly organized, and recently enrolled eight
now members at ono meeting. Nearly
evory store in the city is displaying
the union store card. This local, although composed principally of men
inexperienced in the Labor movement,
is developing aome oxcollent material.
The stenographers, bookkeepers and
assistants, better known locally as the
Clerical Workers, is anothor young local that is fast becoming a live factor
in tho movement, hnving only obtained
thoir charter as recently aB October,
1917. Any ono believing that the pen-
pushers do not recognize their position
as wage-workers should visit our
Trades and Labor Council meeting some
night when the Clerical Workers' delegates get wnrmed up and if they don't
chango their mind then there is something wrong. And these mon aro only
a fair sample of what the local is composed of.
The Steam and Operating Engineers
aro actively engaged in signing up new
members us well as a new scale of
Tho Longshoremen report employment steady and conditions on the
waterfront good generally.
Tlie Deep Sea Fishermen, with Harry
Meagher nt the helm as business agent
is keoping pace with the onward rush
Tho Fish Packers are 100 per cent,
organizod and is one of the largest and
strongest locals in tho city.
The Boiler Makers, Railway Carmen,
Electrical Workers and Mine Mill and
Smelter   Workers   aro   all   increasing
their membership.
Proposal to Employ a Business Agent.
The Trades and Labor Council haB
issued n call for a referendum vote on
the proposal to increase tho per capita
sufficient to employ a general business
ngent. The mnjority of locals not being financially able to bear the expense
of an agent, it waB thought much could
be accomplished by otaployingono collectively. There iB no definito information nvailablo na to whether the proposal will bo entertained or not.
Federated Labor Party.
The Federated Labor party, under
the proficient management of Vice-
Preaident Geo. B. Casey, is getting well
undor way and bids fair to becoming
nn 'unqualified success. Next Tuesday
night nnother meeting will bo held for
tho purposo of completing orgnnization.
That the workerB aro taking an active
interest is shown by the way all entered into tho discussions at previous
meetings, all which goos to prove they
are doing some tall thinking for themselves.
Plutocrats of United States Seem to
Object to Raving tbe Truth
Scott Nearing, chairmnn of the national eiecutive committee of the PeO'
pie's Council of America, has been indicted by the federal grand jury of
New York City, for writing a pnmphlot
entitled "The Great Madness,'' and for
"conspiring'to circulate it' 'in alleged
violation of the Espionage Act. Bond
was fixed at $5000. Professor Scott
Nearing has issued this statement
"I, un American citizon, havo been
indicted for oxercising my constitution-
ally guaranteed rights of free speech
and free press.
"I hnvo made the record, and I am
prepared' to stand on it.
"In all that I havo spoken and written, 1 have tried earnestly to state the
truth as I see it. If this is a crime in
the United States I am willing to pny
the penalty of it, because I know that
a jail sentence, imposed on such grounds
will do moro to arouse an intelligent
spirit of revolt in the American people than a thousand lectures and a library full of books.
A number of -ub have boon saying
for some time that liberty wus dead in
the United States. The plutocrats are
now engnged in proving tho point for
us beyond tho possibility of a doubt.
"I count this a greater honor than a
degree from uny American  university.
It means that the plutocrats fear us because the people are listening to what
we have to say."
Compensation Act Will Deprive Them
of Getting Much Better
Railway trades are to be excluded'
from the provisions of the Workmen's
Compensation Act. The premier met
a deputation of the various railway
trades, consisting of G. W. Yeats, J.
McLaughlin, J. Vance and A. Jones,
and intimated to them that this would
constitute one of the amendments to
the act.
The railway men have alwayB been
able to secure higher compensation
through the common law. One of the
peculiar phases of the railway trades
is that while the board of railway commissioners has the power to recommend the installation of safety devices
for the protection of the employees, the
board nevertheless, haB not the power
to enforce the recommendations to be
carried into effect.. It is therefore contended by the rnilwny men that wero
they deprived of their common law
rights thoy would Iobo their only effective weapon, that of securing large
damages when the ense comeB before a
jury. It is maintained that this factor
is an all important one in forcing tho
railways to provide as high a syBtem
of safety dovicos as possible for tho
benefit of the workmen.
Synopsis of the Proceedings
of the Last Regular
[By ChriBtinn Sivertz]
VICTORIA, B. C, April 8.—President Simmons presided at a fairly
woll attended meeting of the Capital
City central labor body on Wednesdny
The executive roported having met
a committee from the Civic employees,
who askod tho council's advice respecting the proposed removal of Mr. Gault,
president of the organization, from the
civic staff. On the recommendation
of the executivo it was agreed to defer action in the matter until the city
council had taken final action. Report
The exocutive also reported that ar-
ranngements had been mnde with Del.
Taylor to accept the position of manager of the hall, and recomended that
$10 per month be allowed. Refered
to finance committee.
The president reported an organization meeting of Millmon and' Factory
Workers, on tho following evening,
whon officers of the council and others
would be present.
Del. Taylor reported for the organization committeo, who had waited on
the Pattern Makers' union, with very
encouraging results, and indications are
that this union will again affiliate
with tho council.   Roport adopted.
In response to a letter from the
Brewery Workers, the executive will
attend a joint meeting between the
Steam Engineors and the Brewery
Thc B. C. Foderntionist wrote giving
notice of increased rates for advertising
as from April 5. On motion of Dol.
Wells, the executive wore instructed to
approach The Federationist with a view
to making arrangements for an Island
edition of the paper.
A special committoe, consisting of
Dels. Wolls, Peele, Woodward, Talbot
and Dooloy wore appointed to consider
thc prospects of establishing a labor
paper in the city.
A lotter from the Canadian Labor
Press, Ottawa, a new publication, asked
for thio suport and offered a block of
"ares as an inducement. The socre
tary was instructed to ask the Trades
and Labor Congress of Cnnada for particulars rospecting the paper.
The Typographical union wrote, in reply to n letter from the council, declining to receive a special committee to
discuss reafflliation.
Del. Taylor was appointed as manager of the hall for the month of April.
In reply to a uestion by Del. Peele
it wns resolved " that the council determine Sec. 2 of Article II of the constitution in its bearing on the Musicians' union, as meaning that anyone
earning hia living wholly or in pnrt nt
the trade he claims to represent, shall
be eligible aa a delegate to this council.
Thc Retail Clerks nsked thc trades
unionists of the city, in mnking purchases, to demand the membership button of the clerk who is serving them.
Macdonald Finally Makes a
Statement on $15,000
Declares He Was Victim of
Many False Political
VICTORIA, April 10.—M. A. Macdonald 's sphinx-like silence over the
subject of thnt $15,000 contribution
from R. J. Mackenzie, son of Sir William Mnckenzie, of the Canndlan Northern railway, to the Liberal enmpaign
funds, was broken in the legislature on
Tuesday afternoon, but, after all, it was
not very sensational. It showed, however, that it ought to be made unlawful
for political parties to accept contributions, in such large sums, from anybody. What legitimate expenses there
are should be made up by tho rank and
Macdonald made it plain that the
contribution was from Mackenzie personally, and that no railway or any
other corporation had any strings on
him. He also mentioned, in his speech,
a contribution of $5000 from the B. C.
Electric Railway company, which the
Liberal party got, but over whieh nobody raised' a fuss, not even J. S, Cow-
per, whom he likened to Uriah Heap,
though Cowper knew all tbout the $5000
contribution as well as he did about the
$16,000. That the disturbance was to
sorve personal ends, and not public,
Macdonald charged, and the electorate
may be inclined to believe him, for
some mysterious things have happened'
in connection with his political career.
That friendB played him false waa another assertion Macdonald made, which
is nothing new in politics as played
these days, where there are bo many en-
torprising politicians ready to step on a
fellow's neck to either save their own
or advance themselves.
Thnt M. A. Macdonnld has made a
statement at all, furnishes considerable
excitement locally, and thoro are many
who wish he would divulge some real
"inside" information such as, for instance, give a list of those who were
aided in their political ambitions by this
Mackenzie contribution, Conservatives
and Liberals alike would make very interesting reading to tho electorate, and
might provide a reason for some of the
things which went on in this province
undor the rule of the late Bowser-Mc-
Bride-Green combination. On the Liberal sido, such a statement, if Macdonald is at all in touch with it lately,
might also provido some intoreBt aB ox-
plaining a whole lot of things.
Ever since Macdonald, on the floor of
the legislature, denied categorically
the charge Cowper made, his veracity
has been in question. His explanation
of the situation sounds reasonable. He
was not in the houso when the charge
was madte and was told that "Cowper
charged him with having received $25,-
000 from tho Cnnndinn Northern railway" or words to that effect, which he
denied naturally. However, he didn't
straighten   things  out,  at   that  time,
probably on somebody's   advice, and
he alone suffered.
The whole thing shows the possibilities of the politicnl syBtem of the
old parties, and one result of the ex*
pose no doubt will be to turn many
Liberals and Conservatives to the new
party—^he Federated Labor Party.
Authorities Are Getting Worried Over
Strife and Appeal to Workers
to "Carry On"
The labor situation in Austria is so
critical that the authorities of Vienna
have scattered in the factories and on
the public highways anonymous leaflets,
asking thc people to preserve their calm
and continue to fulfil all their patriotic
duties. The Arbeiter Zeitung is quoted
as saying that the peoplo know well
that those who aro really responsible
for the prolonging of thc war are thc
generals and imperialists who at Berlin
and Vienna have for some timo assumed the direction of affairs.
It is announced thnt Count Gzernin
hns been obliged to postpone his trip
to Bucharest in consequence of events
bearing upon the interior policy of the
Retail clerks of Calgary havo been
hit by thc high cost of living and are
seeking an increase in wages.
Have you ordered your copy of the
"Genesis nnd Evlution of Slnvery,"
from The Fedorationist? Ten conts
Thc Greater Vancouver Industrial
committee will go east to get government assistance in estnblishing an iron
and stoel industry in British Columbia.
F. A. McDiarmid, barrister, Victoria,
has had a seat at the pie counter. -He
has been drawing $500 por month for
drafting legislation for tho attorney-
general's department. And the legislature is full of lawyers,
$1.98 and up
Spring Hats
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Ton are cordially invited to inspect the beautiful display.
I3.B0, 16.00, $7.00, 110.00 and np
632 OranviUe Stnet       Phone Seymonr 3201
Sends him away
With a smile
IT WORKS like a charm—the
pleasantest of goodbyes—the
day well started, when Daddy
has had his usual invigorating
PACKED in VACUUM in order to preserve the volatile
oils that itnpurt the aroma and
flavor, it is richer and goes
further. Now mother has a
standing order at her grocer. She
says it pays.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.       Vancouver, B.C.
phone sey. 1690 COLUMBIA THEATRE M™-™^^
Clara Kimball Young
—and her own company, in—
A gripping drama and a young girl's sacrifice for her parents.
Special Musical Setting played by Augmented Concert Orchestra,
5c, 15c and 20c
Boxes 30 cents
Capital City Street Railway
Officers Urge Better
VICTOEIA, April 9.—Tho officers of
the Vietoria Division of thc Street and
Electric Bailway Employeea would be
materially encouraged if tho members
would bettor attend tho regular meet'
ings. While the members may not be
attending the meetings because that
they hnve abaoluto faith in the officers and the executive, yet tho latter
feel that the menibcrs should put in an
appearance at the meetings. Officers
are human, liko other individuals, and
appreciate intorest taken in their
work for the members. They are also
prone to become as apathetic as thc
members unloss given some encouragement. Healthy criticism they are willing to accept in the spirit it is tendered, and it is helpful. All members
should attend' tho meetings and show
thnt they are not only due-book members, but real live members of a live
Don't IIkM Rtpr with this papor. Bo mi re
to toil yonr wife to use nnythim; but,Tho
Fi'di-rntloniM tor lighting Urns. Every copy
nhmiltl Kit into tho hnmls nf somoono rise
nft-r yon nro through with It.
WASHINGTON—Investigation by the government of thousands of stories of ground
gtnsR in fond lind disclosed but nut. cnso In
I'ltloh gtttss Actually wns found by Inspectors,
hu committeo' on publlo informntion announced.
Teat out a pair of our famous B. C.
Weather Boots for that rough nnd ready
boy. Thoy're trade-holdera for us as
well as trade-bringers. Their low price
brings the trade—their lasting qualities
hold it. Friday and Saturday boys'
solid calf boot with double reinforced
soles, sizes 11 to 13, $3.00; sizes 1 to 5,
$3.50. A big lot of solid boots for smaller chaps. Little gents' An Ott
sizes,S to 10%, for only tp__aOO
Boys' B. C. Weather Boots, $4.50; solid
achool ahoes of merit'—the best-wearing
makes in Canada; sizes
11 to 13;
1 to 5
$3.00   $3.50
Boys' $3.50 English Kip School Boots,
solid reinforced soles. Special Saturday
prices, 11 to 13 1 to 5
$2.65   $2.45
MEN'S HEAVY BOOTS by our buyer in thc cast, und tho price
Men's Tan Work Boots—heavy soles; was awny below market value, conse*
splendid wearer**; worth *7. *gj Af! qucnlly we're able to offer them to-
Special sale prico yO.HO morrow as un added attraction.   They
Men's high-top projectors' nnd Bur- f"ra,p ffiib _"> P"I)ull*r A*"****. neolin «r
voyors' boots; heavy, well made lines; °'   i" .<*■<■■%--»» belted soles and rub*
excellent values at Ihe regular price of "*r l".'"''"!' '■""■■' "" *"y|is1' ™oi»
*9.00.   Selling                     A.J. ftp '°° _t*l bl""- ,**V('lcls ■»'<■ *-*-*•••)* I'"*"
Saturday                              tPD.v/U f**r***'-** mV» and vamps — styles that
■                      " T you   have   beon   paying  -til)  for;   all
MEN'S FINE BOOTS »>'■<■'■ ^ Special Snturdny       d>/» QC
Men who wnnt to pay *5 for Hoots bet*     Bal° Prlo° «PO*.»W
ter get   here  tomorrow—several  stylos nnrTTiBi-.*-,**. „„„_...
and shapes to choose frota, worth (1 to UHHlBBBN S BOOTS
♦1.60 n pair more than whnt we ask for Children's I.nce and Button Boots' in
them    Step lu and look over the boots block und chocolates; sites          ni?
Johnston offers Snturdny     e__\ f\f\ .   r    u .    ,       ',                H**M>
ot 3)5.1)1)       ' '"   •   8'**•"'■••■..' only !70C
A SHIPMENT Or 200 PAIES Or ]\"i'"' ■"(.'■I;1;1'1  boots, broken lines of
MEN'S SHOES nZC7,     t "v""  f0r ""''"I''   "''""■
" Regular Oo.    Tf your size is here vou
In dark brown nnd blnck guiimi'liil calf, mny hnve them                    £n am
jns! to hand—they're a special purchase     for tb*b.S/5
Here's whero we take great pleasure in
informing you of tho nrrival of a new
lot of B. C. Weather solid leather working men's Boots. We say SOLID
LEATHER because sn mnny of the hen*
vier linos nre minus thut qualification
these days. But theso we inspected
carefully and cnn sincerely recommend
them as long wearing, satisfaction-giving shoes. There are several different
styles uud weights, in blacks and tans.
We particularly call to your attention a
L'rus calf double oak sole dreadnought
blucher, worth $ll anywhere. A A Af*
Here speciul tomorrow ut «P^.ttO
MIs.siV ami Girls' Boots; made
with heavy solus; blaclc crnvu-
not t e tops; nen t-looki ng, solid
wearing boots.   Sizes
(l to 10'
12 to 1
$1.75     $1.95
dl.tludyu of the Bioelectric Bool
\J 409 Hastings S: W    Columbia ST Ja\a__M
Vancouver B.CX& new ^estminster^IlS
Solid    lines    for    girls;    buttoi
styles; fairly honvy soles; misses
The store that fills your every want.   That goes a long way towards making your pay cheque do more.
The store that has SHOES for yourself or your family at the right prices.
Remember, we sell most all of the better union-made and union stamped Shoes.
sizes.  Saturday
Salo l'riee	
$2.95 PAGE SIX
PBIDAY April 13, 1918
This Is the Logical Store
For the Man Who Wants
To Buy Trousers
We have a bigger stock, a broader and better stock than any-
other store in the city by a good wide margin, and the values
are unassailable by our competitors because we looked after
the harvesting of these stocks when it was possible to make our
efforts count for something. Of course, you will have to see
our various lines to be convinced, but we will be only too glad
to demonstrate their superiority.
We have a worthy twoed trouser of unobstrusivo pattern for as little ae
12.50; other tweed trousers in all tho neat dark and medium shades
you are likely to want, at (2.75, $3.00, (3.60, $1.00 and $4.50. Worsted
trousers start at $4.50 and $4.90 to $7.50, which latter price calls for an
excellent quality garment, made of splendid wearing grey striped English
trousering. Men who want a navy sergo trouser, possibly to eke out the
wear of a coat and vest of tho samo material Btill capable of useful
servico, will Hnd trousers in a soft-finished, all-wool sergo in a dark shade
blue at $6.90. —Mon's Store, Main Floor.
Eight Dress—Squada Fit-Bite turn—Theso are the commands to obey
if you wish to be well dressed.
Our clothes are honestly made from honest fabrics—sold at honest
MOTHERS—we have Boy'a Suits in sizes from 23 to 35, inclusive—to
clear at from $4.75 to $6.26.   Don't miss them!
Specials in Furnishings tnat save you money. Discounts to Veterans and
Boys in Khaki
The Jonah-Prat Co.
cwrdon jonah   The "Fit-Rite" Store     oeoroe peat
401 Hastings Street West, Corner Homer
Our Spring Hat Has Arrived
We offer the latest Shapes and Shades in 1918
models. ,'{:_
AT ONE PRICE, $3.00 f
Black & White Hat Store
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Limited
\7 OU CAN get the Overall and Work Shirt that is ex-
actly designed to suit your particular trade if you ask
for TWIN BUTE Overalls and Shirts.   There is a style
and size for every workor.   Each garment beara the Twin Bute and
the Union Labels and these labels arc your guarantee that the
materials are sound, long wearing, tear and rip proof, and that
the garments are strongly made in a Union Shop by skilled
Union Workers.
Insist on the Twin Bute and Union Label.        j: *
"Royal Standard Flour"
Does not owe its proud reputation as the most dependable
Family Flour to mere chance or guess-work
IN the first place its millers buy only the choicest selected Canadian No.
1 Hard Wheat. Before the turning of this wheat into "Royal Standard Flour" begins, it haB to undergo a rigid series of tests in our own
perfectly-oquipped LABORATORY. It. must mensure up to a fixed standard of QUALITY—the highest wc can set for ii. Our LABORATORY*
is tho "watch-dog," ho to apetik, of the mill, It is the safeguard tho
monufacturorB of "Royal Standard" have established to ensure you n
*pHE8E expert LABORATORY tests do not end with the nnalysia of
■"■ the whoat. Tho Flour that, is milled from it iH testod in the same
Loaves have been turned out there. And thero, too, tho discovery wns
made that "Royal Standard" not only turns out more loavos to tho sack,
but that under unbiased teats, it yields fuller, plumper loaves, as well.
Are you a user of "Royal Standard Flour?"   Are you a user
of its delightful twin brother—"Royal Standard Rye Flour?"
Try their unified "goodness" at your next baking
(At your favorite grocers.   Look for the trade-mark, always the "Cir-
elo V" on every suck).
Nanaimo P. L. P. Activities,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The Nanaimo
Local of the Federated Labor party held a
successful concert, suppar and dance last
Friday night. Thero was a good attendance
and the affair was a splendid success. It
proved that the working class has tbe talent
which makes for real art when not commercialized. About 250 sat down to supper and to listen to the many remarks of
the people present, the ladies that had control of the dining room certainly made good.
Many enquiries are coming in as to wben
are you going to get up another. The danoe
floor, which has a Beating capacity of one
thousand, was  fairly well filled.
The workers are the only ones who know
how to enjoy themselves, simply becauso
they don't go into it to make monoy out of
it, but for the enjoyment there is in lt and
the pleasure of sowing others enjoy themselveB. That i« in reality tho only pleasure In Ufa, The moment you commercialise pleasure, art, music or anything else,
that very moment you commence to doBtroy
it and take from it the real pleasure that
is in it. Nothing hurts a real artist moro
than to spo his profession peddled on the
market. A man's whole life wrapped up hi
a picture and then to seo it sold and resold is certainly wormwood to him.
Our organisations is taking in now membera ovory weok. No political party in this
town ever had so many paid up members
as tho Federated Labor party has here today. We went down to Ladysmlth on Sunday and organized a * branch of tho Federated Labor party, with about twenty new
members, which I think will bs beard in tho
near futuro.      »
Nanaimo, April  8,   1918.
"Cheer Up I   The Worst Is Tet to Come"
Editor li. C. Federatlonist: Liko your
correspondent, Mr. Shaokleton, I am amazed
at the colossal impudence of a Labor journal
in continually finding fault with the way we
run the earth. You ought to know that it Is
none of your businsss anyway. Your mission
hero on earth is to do the producing act,
and how can a Labor man, who haB both ends
of himself stuck in the ground for twelve
hours per day, think intelligently on tho
complicated theme of profit) I am aware
that injustice is dons sometimes. Just imagine the feelings ot that poor jay who is nobly offering up his Isaac on tho altar of his
country on which "the sun never sets" when
they will not make him worki It Ib scandalous. Sir! a noble Britain, unsullied by socialist or other heretical "isms," denied the
Dlvino privilege of his birth as a Britisher,
not allowed to work) In other words, they
wouldn't givo him a job. Perhaps his age,
57, may have had as much to do with It as
the union. In fact I believe that Dr. Osier's
theory should be reconsidored and applied to
tho proletariat, as a useless worker Ib nothing but a blasted nuisance and doubly bo
when played out, mentally aB well as physically, as may be in this case. If, on the
other hand, some day's work, wliich will
give a profit to the master are left In him.
he has a righteous grievance. We even
grant that bbssed privilege to Germans, Austrians and Turks, as & visit to the pulp and
paper industries, which are "developing" oor
great timber resources, will demonstrate.
Patriotic concerns suoh as the B. G. Packers,
Bell-Irving & Co., the Wallace Shipyards and
others, such as the lumber companies, whose
patriotism does not reach such a superlative
standard, allow even Chinks or most any
old thing to mako an honest dollar for tnem,
but the rights divine of a free-bom Britisher
thus to bo tampered upon—upon my soul, ft
Ib too much I   It Ib too much I
Wycliff, B. C., April 2,
Message from Powell Biver
Editor B. C. FederationiBt:    I have read
firetty nearly every labor and socialist paper
ti the English language of any Importance,
but I must aay The Federationist haB them
all skinned. The editorials are simply
great. I take great interest in the correspondence. I don't quite agree with Dr.
Curry, in a recent letter, when he thinks
It is possible for ub to establish a socialist
system In British Columbia independent of
the rest of the world. When we witness
the desperate struggle of Russia, surrounded by heathen nations, I think that about
all we can do here is simply just mark
time. But I do believe the end of tho capitalist system is not far off, I think the
start must be made in same of those big
financial and industrial entree. If the
proletariat should seize power In London and
New York, for instance, and establish a
revolutionary government, I beliave the
whole Bystem would fall to pieces mil before two Keeks those capitalist politicians
at Victoria would flnd themselves without
a job. I read that fn Moscow and oth >r
Russian cities, that former army officers and
bourgeois have to get out in the street and
peddle their own filthy lying sheets. The
proletariat absolutely refuses to handle
them. Every time I read a capitalist paper
wish we had a similar state of affairs
here.' We would give them free speech and
free press all right, but if we bave any
sense we will do as the Russian workers
do and lot them peddle their own dirty lying rags themselves, while our own revolutionary papers would be circulated by the
hundreds of thousands (and The Federatlonist would be one of them). I believe
that in Russia hardly any of the workers
read capitalist papers. Many of them could
not read at all before the revolution; but
notwithstanding the trying conditions the
Bolsheviki is pushing ahead education among
the workers and they ar? immediately Introduced to the revolutionary papers. May
the good work go on. I havo been a socialist for twelve years, but I must Bay that
latterly, before the Russian revolution. I had
become apathetic and indifferent. I had
come to tho conclusion that the workera
would never have the courage to vigorously
attack the capitalist system. It seemed to
me then that society would undoubtedly
evolve Into son)' form of state capitalism,
possibly a more hideous form of slavery than
the present. But the Bolshfviki have rekindled all my old enthusiasm and given mc
fresh confidence in my class. Yours for
the revolution,
J.   D.   WILSON.
Powell River, B. C, April B.
*terialism—not only Big Buainess, but all Us
T relatives and family connections, have had
considerable training in the great schools and
colleges of selfishness until they can see no
virtuo in anything, that cannot be classified
under the beads of profits, rent and interest.
Surely the lesBon of thiB war is for us to
readjust our present unjust system, and
bring In the era of justice to all of God s
children, and see to it that everybody gets
enough, each one a real Bhare in the productB
of the earth, which Is the home of every
human born upon it, and by right of such a
grand birthright, each human bouI is entitled
to full freedom of mind, soul and body. But
big business had a lien on the workers freedom long beforo this generation was born.
And this syBtem, imposed upon ub by dead-
ond-gone money makers, renders the lives of
many millions of men, women and children
so hideously bleak ond barren that it is a
wonder so fow of them take tbelr own life in
the attempt to get away from It.
What a paragon of a systom that gives
certain high mnck-a-mucks at tho head of a
corporation as much salary os would pay the
wages of forty or fifty workers. And tho
Impudent assertion that theso "maBter
minds" are worth it is genorally believed by
a gullible public, becauso some sycophantic
or prostituted news writer makes tho assertion. Whot is a bank director worth to tho
public welfarjt What doos ho produce!
Not a nickel's worth. He does not add one
cent's worth of food or clothing or education
or even amusement to the community at
large, but he draws a big salary for manipulating other people's money, many, many
times larger than that of the clerk who
drives the pen through the columns of the
big lodgers. This specimen is a parasite of
big business, and big business itself is a
parasite of the flrst ordor. Of courso It Ib a
law of nature that parasites cling desperately
to whatever they get a grip on, and obeying
that law the parasitic human class will hold
on to its privileges as tenaciously as the
blood-sucking wood tick sticks to its victim
in the balmy springtime.
There is a better system, and many peoplo
in many lands are beginning to realise it.
It is boing discussed in tho Allied countries,
especially in England, where big business Is
even now putting up tbe flght of its life.
True, big' business has had Its uses. It has
taken » leading part fn the progress of the
last fifty years. In the evolution of machinery and the "speeding-up" and "efficiency"
plans for itB human machines, it has had no
peer. And just look what it did for working class education I Ignorant workerB made
very small profits for their masters, thereforo
public school education was not only provided, bnt was made compulsory. Thanks to
big business, the majority of the workers
aro now Intelligent enough to understand
that the tribute demanded by big business Ib
simply what lawyers term "the unearned
increment." Can tho workers be expected
to go on paying this unearned increment forever!
A year or two ago big business came to
the conclusion that old John Barleycorn was
a great detriment to the efficiency of tho
working class in this province, especially the
skilled workors. It did not take two shakes
of a lamb's tall for big business to deliver
the k. o. to old John. No one believes that
prohibition could poBslbly hove carried in
this province or anywhere else If big business
had been opposed to tt. So we have to admit that sometimes big business uses its
Immense power for the good of all classes,
But, like tho C. P. R., in benefitting the
community, Its chief reason for bo doing was
to benefit itself.
Well, the unfailing law Is that every champion meets his Waterloo In the course of
time. Big business will flourish yet a little
while, and then after the war the new era
of brotherhood and co-operation will be Inaugurated, and Its inauguration will also be
the obsequies of big business.
Keremeos, B. C, April 3, 1018.
J. Francis BantU and th* Church.
Editor B, C. FederationiBt: At a recent
Sunday Forum meeting I aaid the ehurch
had not done what It should have done for
the betterment of the city. The Western
Witness said I never went to churoh, I replied as follows:
A "Witness" should speak "the truth,
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth."
It is not true that J. Francis Bursill "has
not been to eburch for many a long day."
I go often to churches, but I do not "go
to church"—a' subtle distinction your reporter did not grasp.
I deplored tbe fact that a city of 100,000
people should have about 40 religions and
no municipal swimming  bath.
1 am told, what I know perfectly well,
that Chalmers church haB a swimming pool.
I have been there. Part of my worship is
to admire God's beautiful creation, the female form. In my boyhood's day I should
have been told 1 was courting blindness as
a punishment for daring to gasa on tke female anatomy in bathing costume. The
church in tbis, bb In other things, has changed its attitude.
Yes, I have been often, very often, to
churches. I have learned that "the priest
is wise as a serpent," though not always
as harmless as a dove." Trust the priest
to have the latest, most up-to-date aid to
popularity \
Early In the history af the world the
priest grasped the fact that sexual passion
was a strong trait of humanity, bo he undertook the "coupling." The priest knew that
parental love was strong, so he undertook
the christening and blessing of the babe,
which could not thrive without the benediction of the church. The priest saw that humanity neoded prosperous crops so the priest
blessed the land—and took his tltho of the
rnvwiH**.* The priest saw that death, entry
sown "   »••-.   -.,—.1—1-1
The Blindness of Big Business
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Big business
In Canada and the United States Ib beginning
to get busy, orally at least, preparing for tho
great business boom which is universally expected to 'ventuatc immediately after tbe
conclusion of tke war. The boosters of tkat
cult are clamoring for "business" govern-
mentB, "business" politicians, ' 'bun in ess''
men at the holm everywhere, and in this they
have the support and encouragement of nearly every newspaper on this continent. And
thus, in their blindness to the ethics nf
spirituality and at-one-ment with Immutable
spiritual laws, they would continue along
the same lines that have been bo prolific of
evil in tho past, blind to the fact that it wos
tho In nt:-cherished German desire for "business expansion" wblch brought ahout the
present bloody and inhuman conflict.
Whatever may bo stated in the newspapers
as ta the kaiser's crasy desire to sprend
German "kultur" all over the civilised world
or in* the screeds issued In book form by
numerous professors In German universities,
any Intelligent student of European history
for the past forty years will know full woll
that the real cause of Germany's preparation
for world-wide military domination was the
capture of new markets, and the expansion
nf her foreign trade. Her continual cry was
for "a place in the Kiin." The bombastic
swelled head ideas and mouthings of Billy
Hohcnsollern was merely a secondary cause,
used ss a blind to the blunderbuss and tactless methods of Germanic big business, as
well as being a sop tn feed the vanity of the
vainglorious kaiser. German business men
know ttosy could undersell the whole business
world; nil they wanted wos new markets—
business expansion abroad—and to get tbat
they knew they would have to flght for it.
Once thoy got that market I Hat Once they
got it, tbey could Itosp ltt Surely. Hence
all those years of strenuouB and effective
preparation. They coveted tho great markets the British peoples hod been creating
for 500 yoors.
And our Big Business moguls, even now,
with all the errors of a hlood-pald past
sprend out before them, are bo poverty-
stricken in their id'fts and so blind in the
eager pursuit of their hidebound old methods
tbat tbey are nlr-ndy plnnnlng tn begin ngnin
where they left off when the hot blast of
murderous brain from Beelzebub's headquarters swept them aside. What have (hey loomed from this hideous and bloody eruption!
Who knows but what the war will go
on until wo (thn whole world) havo learned
tho lesson It was meant to teach list This
money-grabbing world surely needed such n
lesson or it would not have occurred. And
what is the lesson t Th? same that the Nazarene taught—brotherhood, co-operation and
the loving charity that covoreth not only a
multitude of sins, but also everything else
thnt will aid the evolution of the human soul
In Its age-long journey from an atom to a
god.    But In this Iron ag»—the ago of ma-
product.          J..HOI
into the "unknown," wob associated "wltn
fear, so he took his place by the deathbed
to administer the holy sacramont of bread
and wine, or the mud of tbe sacred Ganges,
according to locality. From the cradle to
the grave the finger of the priest Is In
avery pie of humanity. Now that sanitary
science has made hygiene fashionable, tbe
church Is as enthusiastic over the cold bath
«» w«a over tbe hair shirt and the fifth
which was tho soul-saving "mortification of
the flesh" a century or so ago.
You say 1 know little about the church.
Sir, my knowledge of churches ts like Sam
Welter's knowledge of London, "extensive,
and peculiar." My "Half Hours with Popular Preachers" was a feature of "The
Christian Globe"   for many years.
The wit and "horse sense" of Spnrgeon,
the classic purity of Dean Stanley, the torrid fluency of Arthur Mnraell, the eloquence
of Bishop Weldon, the histrionic gallery ploy
of Dr. Parker, the libidinous blasphemies of
Billy Sunday, the dark age puerilities of
Dr. Campbell, and "Dr." Oliver, the politico) stump sermons of Mr. Cooke, the outspoken constructive cltiien-moklng sermons
of Dr. Bland—I hove heard them all. fnr I
have been a frequenter of churches since I
knew my right hand from my left, and I
have "sat under" Baboo Kesbuh Chunder
Sen, the Hindoo, under the Chlnsmnn in bis
Jons House, have listened to the music In
the great Catholic cathedrals and bave
eome tn the conclusion that the Protestant
priest known better than any other man
)iow to adapt hlmeslf to his environment.
He will curse nn organ as a "Kiel o'
Whistles"* in one nge—-and adapt his hymns
to ragtime—when ragtime Ib popular. He
will damn n Maypole donee on the village
preen In one oge, nnd encourage barefoot
dnnelng in hnllet skirts in a church ball
when there is a show for church funds. He
will tell you in one age to turn your cheek
In tbe smlter, nnd wove tho flog and cry
"Forward to the Fight" when fighting has
become fssblonoble. Not always hns tbe
rhumb stopped (o consider whether the
fightinir was necessnry or just when It has
Clven its blSBBlng to the flghtlnff forces.
The church nssnclated with "Intellectual
Oiltnret" O course it ssys It Is! Just
fbe     snme     ns—within     my     memory—the
church cursed chloroform as "likely tr
Wsscn tbe psin which the Almighty had Imposed on mankind os a punishment for the
•ratine of tlint apple." In my boyhood doys
thnt was the fnshlonnble view.
Yes. sir. T eo often to churches ond my
conviction Is that the church, which would
put vou on the rock If it could, trios o
keep In touch, nr to appear to keep In touch,
with  the   "movements nf the ago     becnuse
. But"oh, whnt a different world this would
),c  If  the   church   had  used   Its   nppnrtnn;
Vancouver, April 10, 1917.
The uninn Inbel is a constant reminder
cf the common Interest nnd common duty
of nil trnde unionists In nnd townrd each
other, nnd n certain guide in the dlschnrge
of thot duty.
At a meeting, nt which 500 members were
present, Seoul* Street Carmen's Locnl, No,
587, last week ndopted unanimously resoln
tlons providing tlmt from thin time forward
its members would patronize only those deal
ers nnd merchnnts who advertise In the flc*
alth Union Record. This action wob unso'
tlclted by the paper's management, nnd enme
as a testimonial of the street carmen's be'
lief In its worth to tho workers.
[By Nemesis]
Try and throw back your mind and picture those primeval ages when the matter of
our earth under the influence of law was
slowly, surely gravitating to a centre, concentrating into a seething, liquid ball.
As atom pressed nearer to atom and mado
contact more Jaws come into operation, and
the processes of rotating, revolving aud shaping proceeded apace.
Weird, gigantic protuberances appeared
and disappeared in terrific convulsions. Whirling molten masses, hurled skyward a thousand leagues, fell bock again with acclerating
speed into that weltering world-mass of spasmodic chaos. Terrific blasts of metallic vapors swept over the seething surface In mad
cyclonic rushes. Whirlwinds of incandescent
spray flared and flamed in that roaring riot.
Innumerable, unimaginable, fiery furnaces
shot their colossal flame-columns ten thousand miles into the surrounding ether. Everywhere boiling, seething, convulsive confusion.
Apparently meaningless, chaotic fury.
You cannot picture it. The mind reels and
grows blank at tho mere attempt,
Yes I Apparently meaningless, chaotic
fury, but In reality, the effects of laws at
work—natural Jaws, ceaseless, infinite, eternal, their operations directed to a definite,
logical und moral end.
A strong man can hurl a hundredweight a
few feot; a mighty crane creaks and shivers
under the burden of a few tons. Imagine
thon the energy required to keep those countless millions of tons of molten matter in
ceaseless convulsions, oge after age, in that
primeval world weltor.
Win-re is all that energy now) Every child
knows thot a heated body loses Its heat by
radiation, tho energy being transmitted to the
surrounding atmosphere and apparently lost.
Oboylng tho same law our earth through tbo
ages has been transmitting ita energy to the
enveloping ethor to be lost in that infinite
Now stir up your imagination again and
follow tho slow cooling of that world mass.
If you take a kettle of boiling water off the
fire Its contents settle down to comparative
tranquility in a few seconds. But try and
follow tho cooling process of that molten
world mass through tho ages—tbe slow
thickening of tho surface to a disturbed viscidity, tho constant sinking of the heavier
masses and the uprushing of the lighter materials, as thoy were slowly, roughly crystallized into the elcmnts as we know them.
Again imagine tho turmoil in that viscid
crust through thoso long ages as the heavier
masses were gravitating to the centre.
(O, ye capitalists I Gold they say Ib ono
of the heaviest of the elementary forms of
matter; then what mountain musses of your
god must lie at the centre far out of your
reach 1 Not even your rapacious claws can
scratch It up. The thought is enough to turn
every cell of your greed-swollen bodies green
with onvy).
Follow tho slow, deepening and hardening
of that viscid crust till only at tho weakest
places could those explosive gases find vent,
and these spots through the ages grew less
and less in numbor as the crust cooled and
thickened and strengthened till at tho presont
day they are represented by our volcanic
At last In this process of cooling there
would arrive a time when the temperatures
approximated to those of the present ago.
The water vapor, condensing into liquid,
would setlte down into the earth hollows,
leaving the free oxygen and nitrogen bb a
moving, restless envolopo over all,
Then commenced the ages of tbe geologist.
The temperature In places, dropping below
the freezing point of water, would produce
ice and snow, and the forces of attrition
would begin to operate. The hard, rocky
surfaces slowly began to crumble under the
influences of heat, oold, wind, rain, rushing
water and grinding ice and the primitive
muds and soils were formed.
Then the MIRACLE, before the might and
mystery of which all the welter of that ■evolving world fades Into barren Insignificance,
and appears commonplace.
There was eternal significance in the dawn
of that far distant day, when In the warm
mud of somo tropic shallow sea-bottom, anew
energy was evolved, and new movement entered into the scheme of things, Life, squirming, microscopic life, the beginning of the
self-acting, sentient organisms, culminating in
the brain and nervous system of man. A
new significance truly, in the scheme of
things. No longer mere blind energy, build*
ing up, wrecking, transforming In apparent
wantonness; but the beginnings of self-con-
aclonsness and reason united In the same organisms and subject to the some impelling,
mysterious forces which had evolved for
them, from that molten chaos, the habitable
Serious students of human nature arc today hopelessly asking themselves If that self-
consciousness and reason, finding their highest expression in man, havs not merely produced a being a little higher than the animals in intelligence but far below tbem ln
the moral qualities; and though the answer,
aB our self-sacrificing and far-seeing politicians would say, is in the affirmative, yet
there is no need for despondency or despair
on the part of those who are praying for
fhe time when man shall hove reached a state
of moral perfection and love and justice rule
the earth.
Can you imagine for a moment that that
ages-long expenditure of energy—that miracle
in the primeval mud and tbe following geologic ages of development were intended merely to produce modern man I
The very thought la an unpardonable insult to the reason and power which conceived
and aet in motion the things which we see
so dimly, and which we call the universe.
Geology teaches us that many gigantic and
grotesque monsters once roamed the earth,
and that they passed away for ever when
through physical deficiency they did not adequately respond to their environment.
Man's Destiny Idea In thi Moral World
Greed Is rampant and raging in every fair
land on the earth today. The whole human
race Is morally mad and like the huge reptiles of those early ages, It la not responding
to Its moral environment and must perish.
The moral laws, which set through mind,
are as infinite and as unbreakable as the
physical laws and their immutable decree to
man is "conform or perish."
Out of the coming wreck of the nations,
a new man will arise who, by responding to
his moral environment, must in the time to
come fulfil his destiny.
A Blood Hungry Plutocracy
Still Looks Forward
to Hanging Bee
The long diplomatic, political, industrial
and legal flght to secure tke release on bail
of Mrs. Rena Mooney and Israel Weinberg,
both of whom had been acquitted with the
preparedness explosion at San Francisco In
1916, and w;re held In jail on other
charges, was pndod last Friday, when Mrs.
Mooney was liberated on 915,000 ball.
Weinberg was released on tko same ball
two weeks ago after the atate supreme
court had granted a writ of habeas corpus
on bis behalf and had ordered him freed.
Both had been in jail since July 27, 1010.
"This is the beginning of the end," said
Mrs. Mooney, as she walked from tbe Jail.
"I am Bure tkat all tke cases will be cleared up iu the near future. 1 am in excellent
hcaltb. In prison I fonnd a great deal of
time to study and read. We will all be
freed eventually."
After having denied Mrs. Mooney bail
for several months, Superior Judge Frank
Dunne earlier in the day had acceeded to
the request of defence counsel. Previously he
had been tho only one of the three judges
before whom cases against Mrs. Mooney
were pending to refiiBe her bail.
"I don't bolieve nny of these defendants
should bo allowed ball; I believe they should
be in jail," said Judge Dunne, who remains as vindictive as ever. He explained
that be had allowed Mrs. Mooney her freedom because uf tbe supreme court's delslon
in the Weinberg case.
[By Rev. Charles Stelzle]
From timo to time certain kinds of peoplo
organize societies for thc extermination of
other societies which have for their object
the securing of better conditions for the
Now it Is perfectly legitimate for thc ob'
Joctors to disagree with the exponents of
particular social theories or social programmes. And those who havo formed the
society to be "exterminated" no doubt have
the some right to their personal convictions,
especially  ln this country.
Bnt on general principles, it is mighty
poor policy to organise any society npon n
merely negative basis. It is far better to
work constructively. In any event, if a
group of persons Is opposed to the programme of sv particular organisation*, the
best way to make tbat organisation noneffective is either to eliminate the causes
which gave rise to the formation of tbe organisation In question, or, to advocate a programme or a syatem whloh will more effectively bring about the conditions which are
to be desired.
The best way to destroy the evils in any
situation is to pour in so much good that
there will be no room for the had. A
vacunm is alwaya abhorrent. Men do not
ordinarily become enthusiastic on negatives.
They desiro the positive note and the constructive policy.
At the Empress Next WMk.
"Just a Woman," a play ln which Miss
Elliott made all San Francisco ait up and
take notice, wtll be preiented next woek.
It contains a remarkable divorce trial scene
in which tbe leading woman, to save her
baby, makes the most startling and daring
confession that has ever appeared in a
moral play. Mr. Howard Russell also made
a decided hit bb the Polock boy In this some
play, and Mr. George Howard, who has just
finished reading the script, pronounced It
one of the best plots that has over como
under his observation. Mr. Layne and Miss
Baker will also have strong acting ports in
"Just  a  Woman." ***
of the statement tbat onr Offlee Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock Ii tke best
In B. C. Come ln and look us over I
ei7 View st.!
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
880 OranviUe Stmt
619 Hasttnp Street Wtl
Pbone Seymour 7168
Third   Floor.World   Building
—The only Union Shop in Vanconver—
Labor Temple Preu    ley. MM
Ikmesh "tooBc
1. Faiuaaent
Pocket Billiard
(■nasiriek-Balk. OoUender Co.)
—-Eeadiurtm for Oolon Mm—■
UnloiMudo   Tobacco,,   Cigars   ud
Only Wktto Blip Employ**
42 Hastings St. East
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce! » Flue Cream? Letter
and Doei Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Britieh Columbia
Delivered to and from all tralni,
boati, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone na day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
■ay. 404*6*4 Union Button
Mined on Pacific Ooaat
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800       1629 Main Street
firat and third Thursdays. Executive
board: Preaident, Q. 3, Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; aeeretary and business agent,
V. K. Midgley; treuorer, F. KnowleB; eer-
geant-at-ormi, J, F. Poole; trustees: J. H,
McVoty, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A. Hoover.
Meete aeoond Monday in the month. Preal-
tlonal Union of America, Local No. ISO-
Meet* eecond and fonrth Tuesdays Ib tba
month Room 800, Labor Temple. Preeldent,
L. E. Herrltt; eecretary, S. H. Grant, 1871
Alberni etreet.
No. 617—Meets evory seoond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
Presidont, R. W. Hetley, pbone Fair. 3882L;
finanoial secretary, Q. Thom; recording aeoretary, J. It. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas', Room 208, Labor Temple.
Phone   Sey.   7*95.
U. B. W. of A.—Meeta flrat  and third
Wodneedaye of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8p.ni, President, F. Oraham; aeeretary, A. E. Aekeroft, Suite l, 1788 Foarth
avenne west.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vanoouver Lodge No. 104—Meete
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Seeond street; seoretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe street; business
agent, J. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
Local 28—MeeU every flrst and third
Wednesday at 2:80 p.m.; eecond and fourth
Wednesdays at 9:00 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Frod. Harris; seeretary and business agent, Wm. Mackensle, Room 209, Labor
Tomple. Offico hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
5 p.m.
Operating Englneera, Local No. 620—
Meete every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, New Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W, A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
7*96. I _
—Meete In Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording
aeoretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple;
finanoial eecretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple. L
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and hall, 80*
Pendor street west. Meets every Friday,
8 p-m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly,
I.   L.   A.,    LOOAL   88-62,    AUXILIARY—
(Marine     Warehousemen     and    Freight
Handlers).  Headquarters,  *80 Howe etreet.
Meeta first and  third Wednesday,  8  p.m.
Seoretary and business agent, E. winch.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 6*8—Meets
firBt and third Tuesdays of eaoh month,
Labor Tomple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Lofting; financial socretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer street.	
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meete second and fonrth Mondaya,
Room 30*, Labor Temple. Preaident, Bay
MeDougall, 1S28 Grant street; financial eecretary, J. Lyons, 16*6 Venables atreet;
recording seeretary, E. Westmoreland, 83*7
Point Grey road. Phone Bayvlew 9979L.
Meets In Labor Temple every first and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Earl
P. Cornett, 660 Eleventh avenue east; secre-
, tary-treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Mel-
I ville street.    Phone Sey. 5846R.	
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union S8A, Series
5—Meets tbe 2nd and *th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; finanoial aeeretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding seeretary,
W. Hardy. Office, Room 210-220, Labor
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, second end fonrth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, _, 8. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2601 Trinity street.
Phone High. 168R; flnanclal seeretary and
business agent, Fred. A Hoover, 3*09 Clark
drive, offlee oorner Prior and Main street*.
America, Local No. 178—Meetlnge held
flret Monday ln eseh montb, 9 p.m. Preeldent, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, W.
Larson; recording seoretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial seeretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Bex 608, __
feure' Union, Local No. 056—Meeta every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole, 410
Twenty-first avenne eaet, Phona Fair, 716B;
I financial seeretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson street. Phone Sey. 6679. Offlee, 587
Homer street.
I     last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.   Pre-
sident,  R.  Marshall;  vtee-presldent, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda,
Box 66.
annual convention tn January. Executive
effleere, 1918-19: President, Donean McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Wtneh, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcns Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W, A. Sherman.
Pernio. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Weils, Box
1538, Victoria, B. C.	
    VIOTOBIA, B. O. _^'
Couneil—Meets flrat and third Wednesdays Labor Hal), 1*2* Government etreet,
I at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-
preiident, T. Dooley, 1278 Denman street;
seoretary, A. 8. Wells, Box 802, Victoria,
B. 0.
Brewery Workmen, Loeal No. 280—Meats
at K, of P. hell, North Park street, on the
second and fourth Thursdays of eaeh montb.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
26*2 Scott street, Victoria, B. C.
fbdtob: bupbbt. b. o.
Coaaell—Meeta eecond and fourth Tuesdays ef eaeh month, la Carpentera' hall
Pretident, S. D. Macdonald; eeorettry, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B. 0.	
LOOAL UNION, NO. 873, U. M. W. of A.—
Meets eecond and foarth Snndaye of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Waller Head; vico-presldent, Andrew
Parker; recording aeeretary, Jamee Bateman;
I financial aeeretary, W. Maedonald; treasurer. J. H. Richardson.
TRAIL. B. 0.
Jolnera, Local No. 385— Meete In Mtnen'
HaU,  every Wednesday,  7:80 p.m.    Presl-
Dnwer 8„ Trail, B. 0.
To members of any onion in Canada a
speeisl rate for The Federatlonist of $1
ptr year—if a club of 10 or more Is sent In.
Tbe Jarris Electric Co., Ltd.
(70 Rlcharda Street
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court Homo
nir of  Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymou MU FBIDAY April 12, 1918
Dinner Set of 52 Pieces
for $17.40
This set looks like a high-priced Limoges China—it is made
of the finest quality English semi-porcelain, and is beautifully
finished with a wide gold border, and all handles a solid gold
finish.   The set comprises:
Six dinner plates, 6 soup plates, 6 tea plates, 6 bread and butter
plates, 6 fruit saucers, 6 cups and saucers, 1 covered vegetable
dish, 1 salad bowl, 1 platter, 1 gravy boat, 1 pickle tray, 1 slop
bowl, 1 cream jug, and 1 sugar bowl.; d* 1 *7 Af\
52 pieces for >P1 ' *TV
Dinner Set of Blue Band and Gold Lines
The same combination as the above described set. The ware
is English semi-porcelain of serviceable weight; <fc1 O Q(\
52 pieces for. tj «■*■»• OV
Granville and Georgia Streets
To chew your food properly
—your teeth must be perfectly adjusted
THAT Is' one of the secrets of good dentistry—to ao adjust the
inserted teeth or plate so that tho teeth have a perfect
"bite"—so that tho food may be perfectly masticated without
hurting the mo'uth or causing inconvenience.
I'll be glad to explain the methods I employ to accomplish thia
end or advise you in any way about your teeth.
III! tins taken U nteu*
nryi    lO-jur   fuuanUei
BxaaUnatloas   aiado   on
(bons appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
Freeh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Treea, Beads, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street Bast, Sey. 988*072 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Say. 9513
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
Nanaimo Coal
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:   407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Possible Passenger Faros
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants '
Travel Comfort
ConBult Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. 6. E. Railway open park line lands. The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Coal Miners Are Still Awake
and Going Strong
for Progress
Incident and Tragedy Along
the Pathway of Wage
[Br Walter Head]'
The regular meoting of Local 872, held yesterday, was attended by the ' 'clique that
runs the union." A vory interesting meet
ing It was and several matters of importance were discussed. A communication was
received from Bro. Bees, 'giving an outline
of meetings he is to hold In the future, one
of whieh Is going to be held in Extension
on Bunday, April 14th. Arrangements are
being made for a party to go up from here
to give it a boost. According to evidence
at hand tbe Mackensle & Mann bosses have
at last succeeded in building up the Bub'.
stantlal nucleus of an organisation, for a
short time ago tbe men living at Extension
got together and formed a branoh of Ladysmith local, and enrolled some 60 members.
That Campaign Fund Deficit
The question of the deficit in the late fed'
eral campaign was then taken up, and taking
into consideration tho fact of ub having paid
more than our proportionate ahare of the expenses already, and In view of pressing demands upon our treasury, we considered that
$10 was as far as we could go, which again
Ib a fair amount for our share in the deficit.
If all local unionB affiliated with the Federation donate in proportion, the campaign deficit will quickly vanish and we hope to fee
the membership of the Federation do their
duty In discharging a debt that was authorised and contracted by them and in their In1
Also Had "Phony" Pressman's Labal
We had a communication from the Bob
Long shirt, glove and overall company, telling
us of their campaign of advertising, and asking ub to post their advertising poster in
our lodge room. This poster, amongst other
advertising matter, contained a list of papers
throughout Canada, in whloh they were carrying on the propaganda of advertising their
union-made overalls, etc. We noticed that
their advertising Ib carried in the Dally Pro<
vince of Vancouver, but they don't s-iom to
proposo advertising in The Federationis:, anl
in order to show the Bob Long Oo. the
error of their ways, and incidentally to bring
some ot the ranch-needed masuma into the
clutches of our friend Parm, our secretary
was instructed to write tho Bob Long Oo.
and acquaint thom of the oversight on their
Increase Per Capita
Wo hsd a communication from our intorra-
tional exeoutlve board, dealing witn tho sub-
ji.ct of the increase in por capita. Several
n>Hfo'.is were given for the neod of such a
step, some of which were very lll'im'natliig.
eome were reasonable, and others were extremely punk. Somo of tho reasons demonstrated very forcibly the futility of attempting to flght our masters by matching our
puny treasuries against their enormous storo
of wealth. One of the reasons givon was the
fact of the increased tax for meni^ership In
tho A. F. of L„ and in my opinion, that is
one of the punk reasons, especially when one
takes into consideration tho antics of tht
head of that august body. A doubt arises in
my mind as to the wisdom of paying the sum
of $35,716.98 into the A. F. of L. However,
that may bo all right. Sam Gompors mny
yet turn into a rip-roaring revolutionist, especially if President Wilson embraces socialism. Another reason givon is the courts of
"our" country havo rendered a jit.lgm.'nt
against tho international union for tho sum
of $600,000 and costs. Tho case is boing
apponled, and a bond of $800,000 ?s to bo
furnished. This statement strengthens tht
biliof that our union is attacking the enemy
nt the wrong end. Wo hnve the idea, which,
of course, is erroneous, that wo should uso
our power for the purpose of enpturing that
capitalist institution, tlio state, which, at
every opportunity, makes a determined raid
on our treasury. The sinallness of the sum
embodied in tlie increase in per capita in
comparison with the raises in wages obtained
is commented upon. Now, I do not quito
realize yet that the workers have reeolved
such onormous increases in wagoa. It seems
to mo that we still have to dig just as hard
tu provido an existence ami it nlso appears
that the rich are richer and tho poor have not
materially Increased thoir storo of this
world'B goods, unless it is that our
golden harps are being studded with diamonds. Anyway I linvo not yet boen able to
participate in banquets at $1000 a plate.
May Day Celebration
The May 1st celebration committee reported progress, and a mor; largely attended celebration is expected this year. Tho local brass
band is coining on apace and wo wilt certainly be assured of a band at our celebration
this year. Wo will not have a repetition of
last year, whon, presumably, tho fear of
Tummy Stockett caused the Nanaimo band to
renig at tho last minute.
It is to bo earnestly hoped that South
Wellington will not be tho only May Day
celebration this year, and that othor Labor
bdili.'s will fall In line and have a series of
celebrations throughout the province. It Is
up to us, as workers, to show our masters
that we can mako a holiday of our own sometimes, instead of letting them pick all our
Nanalrao's Four-Bit Bails
It appears that the Western Fuel Co. has
again taken Its hand-picked committee into
Its confidence and has figured up what wages
tho workers of Nnnaimo aro entitled to in
order to catch up to old H. C. of h. After
finding out what tho men aro entitled to,
they proceed to find out what the majority
will be satisfied with, and they have come to
the conclusion that owing to the unorganised
condition of tbe minors in Nanaimo, that a
four-bit a day raise will keep them quiet.
We here are to got the same, and In the
meantime we are going to ask for tho same
deal from Ottawa that tho miners of Eastern
British Columbia and Alberta are getting. We
want thom to Investigate conditions here, and
give us a raise commensurate with the cost
of living. By so doing, we may be able to
get the ideas of the rest of the miners on
the Island and incidentally give tho organization a boost.
We are also going to get in touch with
Sir Robort Borden, with tho idea of securing
the aame (leal for the minora of Vanconver
Island with respect to the Military Servlos
Act as the miners of District 18 are getting,
1. e., exemption for all mine-workers. We
Intend to ask him whother tho fact of the
miners of District 18 being organised has
any bearing upon the matter of theae exemptions. To my mind lt has, and Ib a good argument in favor of building upon organisation on the Island.
Death of Bob Isbister
On Friday, April 5, wo lost one of our
trustworthy membors, Bro. Bob iBbistor, a
young man who died from pneumonia. Our
local has suffsred a severo loss, and our deepest and heartfelt sympathy goes out to those
he has loft behind to mourn his loss. He
has left behind him a mother, who he was
keeping, and a widow and two young children. We aro going to take up a collection
next pay-day, two woeks hence, and wo ex-
poet to show our sympathy In a practical
way. Our brother, who was one of nature's
kings, suffered calamity after calamity, nnd
bore up manfully under it all. Death hsd
visited his household beforo whon It took off
a niece. Some time ago he mot with a vory
serious accident whilst hunting, which Incapacitated him for months. Hla wifo had recently und>rgono nn operation; all of which
has beon a heavy drain on their slim resources. In addition to tho collection, we
are gonlg to tako at the mine, we Intend to
ask the government to assist thi family. 0'ir
deceased brother was Just aa good a man aa
either tho late Halph Smith or H. 0. Brewster, and In my opinion, bis family is entitled
to equal consideration
[By Rov. Clmrlns Stclslo]
Never hnd a fair show! Some fellow In
the shop always working against you J The
foreman has it In for you? Too had. Hut
hore—maybe they nre moro thnn hnlf right.
Possibly yon'vo deserved all that came to
you.    Honestly—have you always given  thl
other fellow a square dealt Perhaps so—
but here's a suggestion for you: Quit coddling yourself—it never helped a man to
think that he waa being terribly abused,
whether he waa right or wrong.
Ton are quite welcome to all the notions
that you can carry concerning social and
economic reform—I'll not quarrel with yon
about these. Ton may talk about them and
think about them all yon please. But won't
you remember thla: No matter what the
coming social system may be, It will be the
personal equation that will determine the
place that yon are to occupy in the new dispensation. There will be pretty nearly the
same straggle for places of power and influence, although the motive may be different.
It's Important then, isn't lt, to get ready
for whatever may be coming down the pike
In the new order of things f
Firat of all, fit yourself, personally, to
think clearly and definitely by cutting out
every habit that befuddles your brain. Then
equip yourself, by hard study, even though
it involves great sacrifice, to master yonr
own job In all of Its details, doing it better
than it has ever been done before. For It's
the chap who crowds over his present job
that is most likely to plok the bigger one.
This sort of thing will count bo long as the
world shall laat. It Is the kind of competition that will never be driven ont of any
aocial system. It is fundamental in the law
of human progress. If any man tells you
that there'a no need to enlarge your outlook, that there'a no necessity to become
more proficient In yonr dally work, he's
either a fool or a liar; in any case, he's
a mighty unsafe leader.
Union-owned Laundry Gets
a Decent Living Wage
for Girls
Throughout Canada
It costs Canada $200,000 a year to
have a food controller department^
Turn your orders for printing into
The Federationist. Ordors executed on
shortest possible notice.
The British American Shipbuilding
company is planning on establishing a
shipyard on tbe KitBilano reaerve.
Five copies of The FederationiBt for
ten weeks for one dollar. A good investment to help the cause of Labor.
Get your local union to order a bundle of the International Labor Day
edition of Tho FederationiBt. Two
centa per copy.
An order-in-council, issued by tbe
government of Nova Scotia, urges
everybody to pray for greater food production.
Five hundred Winnipeg tailors are on
strike for an increase of 15 per cent.,
Saturday half-holiday and time and a
half for for overtime. -
Five miners were killed in the mines
of B. C. during the first three months
of this year as against three for the
same period last year.
When the session is over Premier
Oliver is going to Ottawa to ascertain
if the federal government will take
over or bonus the P. G. E.
Investigation by a court of inquiry
into the treatment meted out to returned soldierB aboard ship has produced some startling evidence.
The Montreal section of the Street
and Electric Bailway Employees is now
four thousand strong. Over a thousand
have joined in thc past month.
Tho civic Teamsters union of Calgary
was granted the eight-hour day, an increase in wages and two weeks' holiday per yoar with pay, by the city
Tho penalty for hoarding thousands
of pounds of poultry in cold storage
by the Davies company, Winnipeg, until it rotted, is permission to go ahead
and do the samo thing again.
The Masset Timber company is in
stalling a mill, with a capacity of
200,000 feet of lumbor por day, at Mas-
so inlet, Graham island. About 1,000
men will bo employed. The mill will
cut aeroplane spruce.
Tho employees nn six thousand miles
of railway trucks are covered by the
recent new wngo schedules agreed to
between the Federated Trades and the
management of tho Grand Trunk Railway system.
W. St. Pierre Hughes, brother of the
famous general, Sir Sam Hughes, has
been brought back from tho front to
fill the position of superintendent of
penitentiaries of Canada, a new offico
just mado by tho Dominion governmont.
It is not generally known that for
tho first timo the Lnbor men of Kingston succeeded in the recent municipal
election in returning M. H. Smith, of
the Whig composing room, as tho I. L.
P. aldermanic representative on tho city
Four conscientious objectors, who
wore sentenced to two years in the pen
itentiary for refusing to obey orders
in their regiment, have been removed
from tho Winnipeg jail to a depot battalion and will be sent overseas with
the next draft.
Over forty British Columbia game
wardens havo boen given notico that
their services will be dispensed with at
the end of thc month. But tho governmont is to appoint a "game conservation board,' 'with a nice bunch of political heelers in charge.
Things nre very busy in Prince Rupert in rnilrond circles. The Grand
Trunk Pneific shops are working full
time nnd overtime right along. The
employees are solidly organized and going after an eight-hour day in tho near
future. A new roundhouse and station
will be started immediately. This place
is on tho map, it is growing fast and
will bear watching heroafter.
A striko is on nt the Alberta shipyards of Calgary. The men demand a
wngo of 35c per hour; the employers
are willing to grant 27%c. That the
strikers are unwilling to accept. The
dealers at thc yards and the shippers
from the outside are astonished at the
lowness of tho wago paid by the company. The Teamsters have joined in
the strike.
J. B. McLachran, general secretary
of tho Amalgamated Mino Workers of
Nova Scotia, who helped to negotiate
the recent wngo increases with the Dominion Coal company, statos that he
was informed by Superintendent Blue,
of the Springhill mines, "that dospito
thc fact thnt there are five hundred less
men in tho colliery than there were
eight years ngo, the presont production
of coal is greater thnn it hns been nt
any time in twelve years.
In Winnipeg tho trndes unionists, bo-
cinlists, single-taxers nnd other progreB-
hIvoh nro nil uniting with the now Labor
pnrty. Tho one slogan used by all progressives iH, "We hnve got to get together," nnd they are getting together.
In Brandon tho Lnbor unions are all out
ilng for the Lnbor pnrty. IndopGn*
lent political notion is taking a firm
grip on tho industrinl masses in tho
pralrio province, nnd they are going to
make troublo for the nUHitlors, who are
beginning to realize what's ahead.
If yon haven't joined the Federated Labor
Party, got In touch with flecrctnry Trottor,
Room 20fl, Labor Tomplo, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province.        ***
ThQUSandl of people wero turned away
from  tho  two   Seattle  l.Tlures,   delivered  by
It.   K irk p.-. n*'k,     Iat >    mm-iu I ist     vice-
iirosldorillal oandldato of tho United Statea.
Tin- big HIppodrDtho wus packed and the
in of $3,300 waa ruifcotl at last meeting
Order   your   bundle   of   tho   Internal lonn I
Labor   Day   edition     early.     Otherwise     WB
cannot guarantee delivery.
"Seattle Spirit" Among: the
Workers Develops ItB
Own Enterprises
The Mutual Laundry of Seattle hai
been a boon to the underpaid and overworked laundry girls of that city. It
was the means of organizing the girls
of other laundries, increasing the wages
and forcing the laundry trust to live up
to the stato law. About a year after
organized labor launched this co-operative laundry, and had thereby managed
to organize the girls in other laundries,
a wage scale was presented to the other
employers, but was turned down by
them. Almost every laundry was immediately tied up by a strike, and within a short time the laundry kings capitulated, and the girls began to get somewhat of a square deal.
When the Mutual Laundry recently installed an additional $6,000 worth of new
machinery, thla union-owned-operated-and-
patronised concern again demonstrated the
value to the workers of the co-operative
movement. Summarized by Carl Lunn, a
past president of the Laundry Workera
union, and now a vice-president and international organiser of the International
Laundry Workers union, who waa prominent
in helping to establish the Mutual, that
plan's record ia a vivid illustration of the
efficiency with which workers ean run their
own industries.    Brother Lunn says:
"By rearranging the older machinery it
was possible to place all of the plant on
the main floor. It does, however, fill the
entire floor. The aecond floor has not been
laid yet, bo there Is room for more growth.
' 'This puts. the Mutual in a position to
turn out the very highest quality of work
with greatly increased capacity. When the
firBt week's business about two and a half
years ago was checked up it was $188. The
growth has been steady until It now has
well passed the $2,000 per week mark, and
the end Is not yet.   Just got started.
"One difficulty to overcome was the matter of getting supplies.   The Laundry Men's
olub   (a   milder   torm,for   association)   and
their official organ, the Pacific Laundry Man,
persistently predicted the Mutual would fail
within 90 daya; later thla was extended to
six  months,   and  finally  alow   death.    Evidently  at  the   suggestion  of  the  Laundry
Men'a club the machinery and supply houaea
refused to aell to the Mutual, even for cash.
The conspiracy did work for a while, but
the Mutual kept running all tbe time.    In
spito of tho conspiracy tho Mutual received
supplies nil the same.   The conspirators had
outlawed tho  union plant, bnt they failed.
It was against tho laundry kings that tbe
Mutual had sinned,  and they attempted to
mete out the punishment.   In a nutshell the
sin   consisted   ln  the  nervo  of  the  Mutual
manager,   Mr.   Griffin,   paying  ths   girls   no
less   than   $10   per week,   while   the  kings
paid only $6.    And they thought they were
paying too much then,    Besides the sanitary
and working conditions at the Mutual were
superior in   ev ary   respoct.      Serving    free
hot coffee  to  the employees every noon in
a  clean,   steam   hsnted   and   woll  furnished
lunch room is considered a good investment
at the Mutual, and Is conducive ot greater
harmony and efficiency.    But It did not tako
well with tho Laundry Men's club.    So they
used tho   "club"   on    the    Mutual.    Being
owned by thc workerB, It waa somewhat like
Its owners.    It had tho olub over itB head
so long it got used to it.   Unlike most work'
ers,   Mr.   Griffin,   the  manager,   and   his   coworkers did not swallow the club.    It was
anainst   their   principles.     So   thoy   busted
tho   "club."     And today the Mutual   is  at
liberty   to   purchase  any   and   nil    supplies,
anywhere, evon in Seattlo.
Voluntary Increases Fay.
"Tho Mutual has from time to time mndo
voluntary increases in wages. Just at this
time another one has been made. Theso
increuses are not made on the basis th.'
Laundry Men's club last summer beforo the
striko mado voluntary .incroases. At thai
time they "voluntarily" raised the girls'
pay 20 por cent, abovo tho stato law. The
stute law calls for $U. According to the
kings' wny of figuring 20 pur cunt, added to
$9 makes $5.97, which was thu wugo thu
gins in many casus .received up till tho woek
of tlio strike."
Lunn, who is keenly interested In thc
co-operative movement, goes on tu explain
how tho Mutual Laundry Is but one of tho
many successful co-operative ventures under
wuy or In process of formation.
"Thu workora aro coining into tlieir own.
A good many of us already know thia. And
so do many of tho industrial captains, Wc
aro living in fast changing times. In every
field of endeavor the workers aro advancing.
Wo havo tho great branches of organized
workers. There is thu economic na woll
as the political growing by leaps and
•■Recently In this country, as in Europe,
tho workers are very successfully organizing producing, manufacturing and distributing branches, owned and contralhd hy tho
workers themselves and operated on tho
democratic plan and principle. Wo are now
entering tho great era of oo-operation.
"In Seattlo today wo have several projects in operation or In formation. We have
the Mutual Laundry, tho Co-operative Bakery, tho Co-oporativo Pood Products Association, Co-operative Shingle Mills, of which
thore are 28 In the state, and thu Co-operative Shipbuilding Association, all now in successful op-ration and demonstrating how
well tho workers can apply their own re*
sources and energies and successfully com
pete with  thc  bosses.
"Within HO daya the Seattle Co-operative
society will open the flrst hlg grocery atore
downtown. This will hu run strictly on thu
old Kngllsh Rochdale plan. The Co-operatlvo
printing plant is in the making, too, and
the equipment is now being Installed. In a
weok or sn the workers of Si-attlo will ho
producing a union-owned daily paper lasued
from tho Labor Temple.
"These organizations are all affiliated with
th; I'uget Sound Co-operative Wholesale association, which In turn has affiliated with
the Co-operative Wholesale Society of
America with headquartera at Ht. Paul,
Minn. Through the educational propaganda
branch, the Co-operative League of Amorica,
with offices in Nuw York, the American cooperative movement Ib now affilllating with
the International  Co-operative Alllanoe."
Order Your Suit Now
The quality can not be excelled.  Scientifically
tailored by experts who know how
A Fair, Square Deal Every Time
Big Vote Polled Against Exploitation in City of
In the faee of threats and wild-eyed
war madness thousands of working class
voters went to the polls last Tuesday
and voted for socialirtn in Wisconsin,
aB opposed to profiteering, by the capitalists of America in life necessities, in
these terrible times of war. B&rger'i
vote iB 110,000.
We are glnd to announce that the socialist vote was big whero the industries are the thickest, and sorry to announce that the farmers of Wisconsin
have not yot come to their senses.
Tho report that the voto divided on
national lines is all nonsense. The vote
was a class one. Some of tne German
counties went strong for Davies, President Wilson's candidate. Some of them
went for Lenroot, the republican candidate. The GormanB, like everybody
elso, divided on class lines. The capitalist Germans voted against socialism
and the working class Germans, where
they understood tho naturo of the class
struggle, voted for socialism.
Mayor Hoan was re-elected by over
2500 votes and the socialists retain nil
tlieir members in the city couneil.
Tho election of Mnyor Hoan should
be a lesson to the so-callod "loyalists"
who call themselves the " next of kin.''
Their threat of tar and guns against
ballots did not go with the workers of
Milwaukee, for Berger carried the
whole county and Hoan won out for
mayor.—Oakland World.
omoEBs or the fbdbbatbd
Preildent—Gordon J. Kelly,
Secretary—W. K. Trottor, Labor
Temple, Vanconver.
Treaaurer—Miaa Helena Ont-
teridge, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vaneoaver Island, T.
Westwell, South Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, B. H. Neelands; New Weatminster, W.
Yates; Prlnee Rupert, Oeo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; Weat
Kootenay (south), P. Peserill, Mel*
son; Grows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Ja*. Roberta,
Coltern; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
PARTY is organised (or the par-
pose of securing industrial legislation, and for the collective own*
ershlp and democratic operation of
tho moans of wealth produetion..
The membership fee is fixed at
$1 per year, 60 eents of which
goea to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expense!
of general organisation work.
The membership roll is open ln
each electoral district and all persons are invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for furthor Information.
One special duty wo owo ourselves In, to
see that the union label is on everything we
buy with our wafecx, earned under a union
wage Hcale.
Order a bundle of the 16-page International Labor Day edition of tho ll. O. Federationist. Price two cents per copy. Issued
April 20.
11-ports friitn 31 cantonments of the U. H.
National army show thnt there were 21,742
new canes of venereal (lis esses reported in
three months.
250,000 cli-rk* employed by the U. 8. government have got to work eight hours n day
instend of seven an the result of the passage
of a hill Increasing tlie  hours.
Itussin in looking toward the future. The
highway administration of HuMiInn Ways
•if CiiriniiiiTiii'iiliiio hns inked th1 Lincoln
lliirlnvity aNsocintion of Detroit for Information n-gardifig the building of the Lincoln
The inin ts of 1 Hi in lis have started ten
new co-operative stores itlnce the first of the
year. The miners now control 02 stores in
lhat state. All are In a flourishing condition, Duncan McDonald, former president
of 1113 United Mino Workers, Ih general organizer.
Madame Alexandra Koolimtny, former
ItiiKKiaii eommlssloner of sm-lril welfare nnd
the only woman honored hy the Holsheviki
with n cabinot position,'has r-turned to Moi*
■ after an unsuccessful attempt to enter
lern Europe to make a general crusnde
on behalf of internntionnl Socialism,
MEXICO CITV:—Announcement Is made
that as a result of Urn successful operation
nf the Workingmen's Congress of the State
of Sonora, similar Imilhs will hi- established in oilier portions of the Republic for
the purpose of handling all questions pertaining to lnhor nnd of carrying out the
provisions   of   the   new   constitution   in   thin
I;." SNUFF '\\f.
Js* A__e_x:t'-_
It it mtimfactartd
tobacco in id pure*
It has s
It it tobacco i
tifically  prepared
for man's use.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital 115,000,000 Best 113,600,000
A savings acQOUtlt will assist you in thn patriotic and personnl duty of
eoasorving your finances. This Bank 'allowa interest at current rates, and
welcomes small as well ns large accounts.
Join the Federated Labor Party
Here is your opportunity to become a mcmbcr-at-large of thc Federated Labor Party. If there is a branch of the party in your locality
il is surmised that you have already joined. But if there is no Local,
you can fill out thc following application and become a membcr-at-
largc, until such time as a branch is formed. If you arc a member
of the working class, there is no reason why you should not bc a
member of the party. It's not the matter of thc dollar a year. It's
tho matter of organization. An organization must be secured, so that
thi! strength before election day will be known and thc membership
can then aet accordingly.
Thp Federated Labor Party is orgnnized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation nnd the collective ownership and democratic
operation of tho means of wealth production.
Application for Membership
The undersigned endorses und subscribes to the furtherance of the
declared object of the part}*.
Occupation  Addresi
Together with membership foe of ono dollar, mail to secretary,
W. R, Trotter, Room 20(1 Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C, nnd obtain
membership curd and official receipt. PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY...... April IS, 1918
Spring and Summer Fabrics—FuU Lined
or with Silk Lined Yoke and Sleeves
MODELS for young or older men; snappy
styles or conservative two and three button
sacks. These suits are great value'and it is only
our large buying power and "Right Selling Plan,"
which eliminates "sales," which permits us to
price them at $15.
UMITtB   »
Buy a one-cent stomp and send the The
PedurationiBt to a friend whon you are
through with it.
The first fourteen days' bnsiness of tho
Co-operative Food Products Association of
Seattle netted a clear profit of $1486.27. The
business is owned and controlled by organised labor.
LONDON—The suicide In prison at Munich of Kurt Eisner,, formerly editor of the
socialist newspaper Vorwaerts of Berlin, Is
reported in an Exchange Telegraph despatch
from Copenhagen. Ue was arrested In Munich last February for having taken a loading part in the strike movement at the time
and was charged with high treason,
' WASHINGTON—Creation of a national
war labor hoard to adjust all labor disputes
during the period of the war has been proclaimed by President Wilson, with its members th.' same men who recently framed the
labor policy of the government for the war
period. The board Ib headed by former President Taft, selected hy the employers, and
Frank P. Walsh, selected by the employees,
representing the public.
LONDON—Every man under 51 years of
age will be liable to military service, under
the new man-power bill Premier Lloyd George
intends to introduce in the House of Commons next week.
A private of the United States army was
awarded $75,000 by a supreme court jury
from tho Norfolk and Western Railway company for the loss of his legs. Some peoplo
are lucky. Other Boldlers have lost their
legs in France and the Iobb of their legs is
ahout all they have to show juat now.
The discharge of an alien enemy last week
at the Federal coal minea at Lethbridge,
Alta., resulted in a tie-up of the mines by
the union. Petras, an Austrian, Is the man
involved. The management refuses to reinstate him in response to an ultimatum from
the miners.
Factories whose products constitute a war
necessity will not be held to the strict letter
of the Factrles Act In Alberta. Premier
Stewart announced that the Inspectors under
this act will be given wider discretionary
powers as regards the prosecution of any
factories for Infractions of the act.
Saturday Specials
Kennedy's Port, reg. $1 75c
Pacific Milk, largo sizo lie
Robin Hood Rolled Oats 26c
Eggo Baking Powder, 16 oz 23c
Clark's Pork & Beans, 3 for 25c
Corn Flakes, per pkg 12c
Ally Bar Biscuits 23c
Utility Soap, 5 for 26c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 {or  25c
New Brunswick Sardines, 3 for.. 25c
Swift's Premium Ham, half or
whole, per lb 33c
Fancy Reast Beef, per lb 25c
Fancy Pot Roast, per lb 20c and 22c
Fancy Boiling Beef, por lb 18c
Sugar-cured Corn Beef, per lb.... 18c
New Zetland Mutton
Legs,*per lb. , 30c
Loins, per lb. 26c
5-rib Fore Quarters, per lb... 22c
New Zealand Lamb
LegB, per lb. .':*...... ..'.......  35c
Loins, per lb    30c
5-rib Fore Quarters, per lb 25c
Bunch of fresh mint with each
roast of lamb or mutton.
Milk Fed Veal
Small Legs, per lb 28c
Loins, per Ib 35c
Shoulder Roast, per lb 30c
Stew, per lb  25c
Fancy Local Chicken, per lb 40c
Shoulder Roast Pork, per lb 30c
Ihe Emporium
Shoulder Loeal Lamb, per lb....26*/ic
Loins, Local Lamb, per lb 29*/ac
Legs, Local Lamb, per lb 35c
Sliced Streaky Bacon, per lb 45c
Sliced Ayrshire Ham, per lb  45c
Finest Peas, large cans 20c
Small White Beans, 2 lbs. for.... 25c
B. & E. Split Peas, 2 lbs. for.... 25c
Old Dutch, 3 for 26c
Spring Salmon, largo can 15c
Shamrock Cured Bacon, in 2-lb.
pieces, very nice; Saturday
only, lb  37-/-.C
Shamrock Pure Lard, lb 30c
Limit 3 lbs.
Slater's Red Label Tea, regular
30c, for, lb    25c
Limit 2 lbs.
131 Hastings Street East.  Seymour
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
$20, $25, $30, $35, $40
Many prices, patterns and styles, in many materials
are features of interest to be found in Fashion-Craft
quality clothes for spring and summer, 1918. Every
suit made with equal care and skill; each chosen for
service, as well as appearance.
Advancing prices and doubt for qualities mako it
wise to buy what you require from reliable firms.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
OF ij
Food Investigator Showed a
Lot of Citizens to Be
Criticism of O'Connor Was
That He Put Nobody
Into Jail
The resignation of W. F. O'Connor
from his position us investigator of the
food situation is a groat victory for
food hogs. It is. incidentally, one
grand, overwhelming victory for Sir
Joe Flavelle, thc king-pin profiteer of
the buneh. It has heen variously
stated that there were threats . to
"get" O'Connor following his sensational exposure of Flavelle and tho
war-prolits league of thc East. But
popular opinion would never have stood
for it at that time. O'Connor managed also, during his two years as official investigator, to dig up a lot of information about ocld storage plants,
showing the way they had piled up
food, thereby causing certain shortages and consequent high prices to tho
With O'Connor out of tho way, or
somebody not quite so active in his
place, there may be expected to be a
merry revel on tho purt of food hogs
all over the country, Vancouver included. With a man in O'Connor's
place who is under the domination of
the food speculators' ring, this class of
citizen can go on a regular jamboree
of profit-making and continue to high-
price tho general public to his heart's
content without interference from
There was one regrettable circumstance in connection with O'Connor's
job. He put none of the food hogs he
showed up into jail. Many persons declare that had such conditions os
O'Connor found existed all over Canada, been divulged in certain parts of
the United States, a whole lot of prominent citizens would be doing time on
the inside looking out.
However, for all the thievery, profiteering, manipulation for personal
gain, whether financial or for personal
ends, no jail has yet made the acquaintance of the skalawags, probably for
which no blame attaches to O'Connor
whose hands were tied. That he threw
the spotlight on thcg"i chaps, however,
is to his credit, if he did not get them
into jail.
It will be interesting to see how the
government intends to handle the position O'Connor held. Perhaps it is intended to let High Pockets Thomson,
the new food controller, handle it. If
this eventuates, it will bo to the -extreme satisfaction of the food speculators unless Thomson has reformed a
whole lot in the few months whieh
have passed since he left this neck
o' the woods.
514 Granville Street
Hotel and Restaurant Employees.
Secretary Mackenzie reportB a well
attended meeting of the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees. Those members who did not show up missed a
splendid musical programme which was
rendered after the usual routine of
business. Those socials will be held
from timo to time and, judging from
the class of entertainers last Wednesday, will prove very popular. Much
important business will be brought up
at the next regular meeting to be held
on Wednesday, April 17, at 3 p.m. All
indications point to the fact that the
few remaining houses will be signed up
in the very near future.
and Tarns
For Children
At $10.50 the Set
At a moderate price these
are the most attractive
Sweater Coats that have
come to our notice, and
from standpoint of quality there is nothing to be
desired. Thc sweater is
made with a deep sailor
collar and is finished with
sash belt, while the tam is
in a very neat design and
is finished with wool pompom.
Colors are Apricot, Saxe
Blue, Emerald, Canary or
Rose with white trimmings. Ages 8 to 14 years.
$10.50 the set.
—Junior Shop
575 Grtmoille "Phone Sey. 3540
Lecture at Rex Theatre of Great Interest to the Workers of
E. T. Kingsley will deliver a lecture
in the Bex theatre next Sunday evening, commencing at 8 sharp. The subject of the lecture is announced as
"The Collapse of Capitalism" and it
is the intention of the speaker to show
the rapidity with which the capitalist
system is breaking down, tho forces at
work making for its collapse and the
action necessary for the reconstruction
of a new socioty. It is more than likely that the place will be well filled before tho opening remarks by the chairman, so those desiring to hear this
popular speaker, on sueh an interesting subpect, will do well to get seats
early. Admission free. Questions and
If anything happens In your locality In
connection with tho labor movement, put It
down on a sheet ot paper and forward to
ub. If It's worth telling about we want to
tell It.
Metal Trades Oouncll.
Delegates to the Metal Trades Council expressed anxiety over the delay
of the Munitions Board in rendering a
decision. The men consider that all
the evidence at the investigation was
in their fnvor and therefore Bee no
reason why there should be a long delay
over delivering the findings. A committee of the council was appointed to
intorview the city council and health
officer and draw, attention to the unsanitary conditions existing in the
shipyards and to urge that they be
remedied some time "within the next
few years."
Secretary Dagnall reports two applications for membership at laBt meeting of the Bricklayers and Masons. The
$7 a day scalo goes into effect on May
1 and almoBt every contractor has
agreed to the new schedule.
U. B. of Carpenters.
Ten new members were initiated and
a number of applications received at
nn extraordinarily big mooting of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters, reports Prosidont Hatley. An assessment
of $1 per month, for three months, for
purchase of Labor Templo shares, was
acted favorably upon by a unanimous
vote. The B. C. F. of L, increased per
capita tax and thc referendum measure
were both given a heavy favorable
voto. The Orpheum job has boen
straightened out and is an all-union
shop. All men for tho job will be hired
at the Labor Temple, The local union
is ruffling thc kit of tools belonging
to the late "Jimmy'* Robinson and
overy member is Urged to purchase at
least one 851*, ticket. Thp union voted
$10 to the federal election campaign
fund deficit. J. R. Campbell has been
elected recording secretary in the place
of George Hardy, resigned. There will
be a mass-meeting held in Labor Temple on April 25 to instruct all members
in the method to be adopted in enforcing thc 50 cents per day increase which
goes into offect May 1. President Hat-
ley has been made president of the
District Council, vice Oeo. Hardy.
Excellent cooking coal is being mined
at Tolkwa, close to the Grand Trunk,
Princo Rupert men arc developing the
There are about nino hundred empty
schools in Alberta, according to Mrs.
Nellie McClnng, who is travelling
through B. C. in search of teachers.
Probably a decent wago would bring
Grocnsand deposits containing potash
has been discovered in Saskatchewan, A Vancouver syndicate is investigating. Potash is worth $50'a ton
and a square mile of'the sand one foot
thick will realize 78,000 tons.
Hard At It in Summerland
J. W. 8. Logie of Summerland, is
spending all hiB spare time in trying to
organize a branch of the party there. A
membership of fifty is figured on beforo
starting the branch., A Labor Day social may result in its organization.
Busy at Olalla
A comrade of Olalla reports that he
is doing all he can to furthor the F. L.
P. in his locality. A good live, broad*
visioned working class party will
strengthen out many of the kinks in
the think tankB of the workers. The
P. he P. is it.
Nanaimo Holds Concert.
Secretary Hodgkinson, of the Nanaimo branch, says a successful supper,
concert and dance was held in Dominion ball laBt Friday. About 250 sat
down to the big feed, well prepared by
the women members of the branch. The
dance floor was well filled and concert
part of the programme showed that
there wbb plenty of musical and vocal
talent in the party. Many people mado
inquiries as to when the next affair
would take placo and the officials suggested that another may be held on International Labor Day. The membership is still growing and no political
party ever had aB many members in
that town as the F. L. P.
Federal Election Campaign Committee
The dance and whist drive held by
thc federal election enmpaign committee in the Labor Temple InBt Friday,
was a Success us far as giving thoBC
present a good time was concerned, but
the object for which it was held, namely, raising funds to pay off the deficit,
was not a success. Tho receipts juBt
barely covered the expenses, although
the committee worked hard to get good
results. Mrs. McMillan, Mrs. Taylor,
Mrs, Edley, Urs. Denny, Mrs. Griffith
aud Mrs. Reid donated cakes for thc
refreshments and also acted ns a reception committee. Bert Showier hod
charge of the whist drive. Kelly &
Douglas kindly donated a quantity of
fragrant tea und coffee for the occasion.'*
Minimum Wage League
The Minimum Wago league discussed
the Minimum Wage bill for women, now
before the provincial house, reportB
Miss Gutteridgo. The league decided to
write to Mrs. Ralph Smith, M. L. A.,
and to the provincinl government, asking that an oight-hour day clause be inserted in the bill and that clause 13 be
deleted entirely, because it should bo
up to the board to prosecute and collect
back wnges instead of on the woman
involved. If the proof ond proBecution
is left to tho women, the fear of losing
the job will, in some cases, prevent tho
prosecution.   Clauso 13 reads:
"If any employee is paid less than
the minimum wage to which she Jb entitled under this act, tho said employee
shall be entitled to recover from her
employer, IN A CIVIL ACTION, tho
balance between tho amount of tho
minimum wago and the nmount paid,
together with costs and solicitors fees,
to be fixed by the court."
Tho league also took up the mattor of
the. enforcement of the Factories Act,
and decided to send a letter to Dr.
King, pointing out where tho net had
not boen enforced, nnd also a letter to
the minister of Lnbor, nsking that the
administration of the Factories Act bo
taken over by the department of Labor
and removed entirely from the hnndB of
the public works department.
According to the Munitions Board
officiuls there are 4,051 toon employod
in shipbuilding on B, C. coasts.
W. J. Bowser Asks About Its
Connection With Compensation Act
Wants to Know if Agreement with Men Relieves
the Company
VICTORIA, April 11.—The position
of employees of tlio C. P. E., und-cr the
provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Aot, is to be detailed to tlio legislature by the attorney-general, if ho do*
cides to satisfy the curiosity of W. J.
BowBer, loader of tho opposition. Mr.
Bowsor, by tho way, is keoping tho
ministers of the government on the
jump answering questions as to what
the govornment has boon doing sinco
taking offlce. While the most of the
questions and answers thereto are of
interost to tho electorate, the objeot
sought by the lender of thc opposition
Ib political, ob is also the effect desired
by tho government in its cnrefuly prepared replies.
The questions which were asked1 regarding tho status of C. P. B. employees
to-day are built around tho operations
of tho Employees Medical Association,
and aro as follows:—
1. What arrangements (if nny) have
been made between the C. P. B. Employees' Medical ABsocintion nnd thc
Workmen's Compensation Bonrd?
2. How touch per member does tho
C. P. R. Employees' Medicnl Associn*
tion contribute to tho Workmen's Compensation Fund!
3. If tho one cent per day deduction
ns required by the Act is not sufficient
to cover tho doctor's bill nnd hospital
ncconnt of members of the C. P. R.
Employees' Medical Association, is the
C. P. R. Employees' Medicul Association liable to further assessment; if so
to what extent?
5. How much cash contributions aro
paid by the C. P. R. Company to the C.
P. R. Employees' Medical ABsocintion
for its maintenance?
6. On ncount of this agreement being
made with the C. P. R. Employees'
Medical Association, is the Canadinn
Pacific Railway Company relieved of
any assessments that other companies
and corporations in the Province are
required to pay?
7. Has tho Compensation Bonrd power under the Act to compel one who is
not a member of thc C. P. E. Medical
Association to join this association?
8. Has the Compensation Board power under the Act to authorize tho Canadian Pacific Railway Company to d'e*
duct more than 1 per cent per day from
itB employees?
9. What medical offlcors havo beon
approved of under tho Act?
10. Can a member of tho C. P. R.
Employees' Medical Association employ
any of these?
11. Can any other workmon coming
under the "Workmen's Compensation
Act" employ nny or all of theso doctors?
The receipt of a copy of this piper is an
invitation to subscribe. And you had better
do It right away, because you may not get
another reminder. '
Dignity and Clothes
npHE solid and substantial dignity which is the characters
■**■' tic of Labor is reflected in the clothes made by me. Made
by well-paid, well-treated union workerB, under ideal conditions, your
Tom-the*Tailor suit is dignified by thorough construction.
npHEN the material from which the suit is fashioned is of
* genuine worth—imported British woollen fabrio without
a thread of cotton. This cloth iB no longor made by British looms, tho
government having commandeered the manufactories for the production
of khaki. The only cloth besides government wool thnt is made is cotton-
T1TOOL is skyrocketing in price. The woollen fabrics I
" bought in England before the rise are now worth nearly
double what I paid for them. But your Tom-the-Tailor imported wool
Buit costs you no more now, for I havo not raised my priccB yet. I mny
do so ot any time.   Better bo measured for yours now.
For Men $30 Up      For Women $40 Up
Rotary  Club Proposes  to
Build Hospital With
Your Help.
The Rotary Club has undortakou a
com mend uble and timely work of saving the incipient tuberculosis victim,
commendable because too many helpless persons have been carired off by
the disease; timely because it aims at
thc prevention of tuberculosis which
will bear fruit in years to come.
But tuberculosis prevention cannot
bo done without money. Tho building
proposed for the old hospital site at
Pendor and Cambie streets will cost
$75,000 to build and maintain for one
year—that being the lowest estimate
commensurate with efficiency. The campaign next week is for $60,000 and
differing from many other campaigns,
failure to obtain this sum seems that
no building can be erected.
Tuberculosis unfortunately often haB
its worst cases among the poorer classes
of the community. That being so, it
behooves other and sound members of
the community to help them, especially
when helping them will protect themselves against infection from the spread
of the disease.
Mall this copy of The Federatlonist to a
friend In B, O., leave it In a street car or
ferry boat, or turn It over to your next
door neighbor.
The Columbia theatre, which under now
management and improved calibre of attractions seems to have eome into its own
lately In the way of capacity attendance,
now has the distinction—somewhat rare
among- theatres—of having a union manager
as well as a full union Btaff. And the new
manager intends to carry out his union
principles by furnishing employment to
more union musicians, for, commencing
next Monday, tho Columbia will have a full
concert orchestra of eight pieces. This
means the addition of three more instruments to the already strong orchestra which
has helped to make tho Columbia so popular as the home of classy vaudeville acts
and the beBt motion pictures. The members
of tho Columbia's augmented concert orchestra are all specially selected for thoir ability as well as their experience In playing
to vaudeville actB and motion pictures. Id
future there will he special orchestral scores
to all motion picture features shown at the
Columbia. What thiB means ln the way
of added but unobtrusive enjoyment of
movies most screen devotees will at onco
Enjoying the distinction of being the only
theatre In the city offering its patrons a
complete vaudeville programme in addition
to seven to nine reels of the latest photo*
play features, and all at popular prices, the
Columbia has a deservedly large patronago
among the wage-earning classes. The policy
of providing a complete mid-week change
of bill is ono that also tends to Increase
the popularity of the house and bring many
of its patrons there twlco a week Instead
of only once. Some particularly big attractions are assured for the next few months
through new booking arrangements just
completed whereby tbe same Transcontinental Road Shows which play in SO otber
cities of the United States will show here
In the motion picture line some of tho
latest and greatest feature! of the Fox, Metro, Triangle, Aircraft, Keystone and other
big fllm corporations are to be shown at the
Columbia in the near future. With these
stellar attractions, an augmented concert orchestra, a cool, comfortable and well ventilated house during the summer months,
combined with a courteous and obliging Btaff,
patrons of the Columbia can rest assured
of good returns in the amusement line for
their modest Investment.
Our Guarantee—
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baok"
Goes with every suit we sell!
Can you ask for more when buying a suit?
Back of that guarantee is a firm with an established reputation.
A reputation for giving satisfaction and service to men who want
to feel that they are getting just what they pay for.
A reputation that is based on our record of years in the clothing
business in Vancouver—a business that is now the largest of its
kind in the West—built up by honest and conscientious service
and our "Money Back" guarantee.
Wben Dick sells you a suit, lie Isn't afraid to meet you again.   That's why he offers to
keep that suit pnssed and ln good condition tne ot charge.
Young Men's Suits—
the very latest models.
$18   $20
Conservative Models-
suits  for  the  older men-
single and double-breasted.
$25 to $35
33.454749 Hastings St. East


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