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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 8, 1918

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 THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 10
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. Cv FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 8, 1918 k
V'A
POLITICAL UNITY:   YlCTOBI
PARENTAL SCHOOL IS
Delegates Give Unqualified;
Opposition to  Amendment to School Act
OOUNOIL OF WOMEN FAVOR
CHINESE FARM LABOR
Old Dames Fall for Cry of Shortage
of Farm Labor and Pass Resolutions Thereon
The Victoria Local Council of Women has
nt forward the following resolution:
,''That whereas owing to the great shortage
farm labor In B, C, and the burden laid
Canada to supply food to the Allies,
■lved that we, the Local Council of Wo-
.in Victoria and Vancouver Island, ask
Dominion government for restricted Chi-
■farm' labor to be brought into the coun-
or  the period of the war, indentured
ivith due protection to union labor."
Council and Board of Trade
Representatives  to  Discuss Important Matters
The Trades-and Labor Council wont
ou record lust night ot tlio rogulor nieeting as being strenuously opposed to the
proposed establishment of a parental
school as sought by tlio school trustees
of Vaneoaver. This is one of the matters which is to bo brought before the
legislature at this session and, though
Truant Officer Inglish gave an explanation as to the position of tho school
board, tho council by au overwhelming
majority registered a Btrong protest
againat the proposal to tako the care
of tho childron out of the control of
the parents.
Despite tho opposition of Del. Knvnn-
augh, tho council ngreed to appoint
delegates to meet representatives from
the board of trade to discuss labor
questions and production in B. C. nt
an early date. Tho roports received
from tho various delegates us to the
standing of tho locals wero, on the
wholo, eminently satisfactory, with one
exception.
Attention was drawn in these instances to tho practice of some members of organized unions giving (heir
patronago to non-union shops and cafes
and the delegates were requested to
bring this matter beforo the uotico of
tlieir fellow members nt thc noxt mooting of their brandies.
Tho following credentials wore received and delegates obligated in the
usual form:
Printing Pressmen—Ed. Vernon and
David Cunningham.
Stationary Engineers—W, L. Vaughan, W. A. Alexander, J. S. O'Neill,
G. H. Anderson, J. Macdonald, H,
Longley, D. Hodges.
Journeymen Tailors—0. Nelson.
Sailors—Wm. Hardy.
City Firomeu—Wm. Hall, Charles
Watson, A. C. Shaw, W. D. Green, L.
Livingston, M, Macdonald, J. E. Lang,
A. Bottos, J. Bnlderston, Hugh Shcon.
Several communications wore considered by thc executivo at their meeting
just beforo the council assembled. Ono
of these wns a resolution from Ward
Pour Unionist Association, in favor of
the establishment of nn iron and steel
industry in B. C, and the appointment
of a commission fo inquire into the
deposits of iron ore in this province.
This was filed.
Tho Calgary Trndes aud Labor Council wrote drawing attention to tho conviction of Frank Wilson, a returned
(Continued on page 8)
t
shortage of farm labor is a story
as beon conjured up by a few
\3EfflH« farmers and the capitalist
p % The women who pass such reso-
lu $ as the above are a lot of old
da, ,"£*bo have nothing elso to do but
act' andal and capitalist lie-distri-
buwra.. If some of these women were
put to tho task of trudging behind
plows they would be doing somothing
more useful than they have ever done
before in thoir lives. Nol B. C. does
not want Chinese lubor under any conditions becauso B. C, laborers cannot
bo protected from the effects of Chinese labor.
FLIVVERS LILY
TO BE TIED UP
Mechanics to Strike Unless
Employers Better Conditions and Raise Pay
It is not improbable that, tomorrow
morning, every "Lizzy" driver will
havo to officiate as his own mechanic.
At loast thut is thc way it looked last
night. Tho members of Machinists, No.
720, embracing practically overy automobile and garago employee in the city,
decidod a short timo ago to nsk for a
living wage, and Businoss Agent McCallum has been tho busiest mnn in
town for tho past few days endeavoring
to avoid a strike. But strike it will
bo unless the employers get down to
businoss nnd ccuso trying to ignore the
men and thoir organization.
"Unless tho owners of garages round
tho city aro prepared to act reasonably
and moot tho demands of tho men,
there is going to be trouble," Mr, McCallum stated last night to The Federationist.
There has been presented to tho garage men a statement making certain
suggestion? along wliich they wish the
employers to act. Thoso includo an
eight-hour day and bringing the wnges
to n point similar to thoso paid down
the coast. Tho figures paid in Seattle
and else whero down south are: 45 centB
an hour for helpers, nnd as high, in a
fow cases, as 75 cents for skilled mechanics.
A number of the employers hnve signified tlieir intention of acceding to
the men's demands, but tho mnjority
of thorn ure holding out and hnvo refused to mnke nny concessions. Tomorrow night's meoting will settle the
point whother the flivvers will repose
in thyir stables without thoir nurses or
not.
SPONSORS OF CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND
******
******
******
******
ARE NOT KID-CLOVED IN PROPAGANDA
Employees in Local Concerns Are Forced to
Subscribe to Fund Whether They Like It or
Not Under Pressure That Is Brought to Bear
By the Higher-Ups — Mailed Fist Brought
Into Play by Men Who Have Become
Prominent by Compelling the Working Man
and  Others  to Pay  Through  the Nose
Shortly after the war started a few
so-cnlled pntriotic peoplo of Canada
commenced what they called the Canadian Patriotic Fund, a function which
properly belongs   to   the state itself.
did just as they wero told. They had
to. Tho game was as clear as daylight.
It was only another method adopted by
various business concerns to give thorn-
solves freo advertising at the expense
of their ernployecs.    And they did it
It Jumped from the hundreds into tho j without turning a hair,
hundreds of thousands. It went into ; The number of cases of employees
tho millions nnd tho originntors went; who have asked to be relieved of this
crazy with the success of their scheme, incubus, this additional monthly burden
The contribution of n few dollars month- are as the sands of the sea. In few, if
ly was reckoned as a more flenbite to any, cases was there nny redress excopt
tho man with a family. ' at tho expense of a man's position, nnd
In Vancouvor, T. 8. Baxter, who wns in view of the uprise iu the cost of liv-
instrumental in divorcing the city from ing and tho prospects of a still further
a nico parcel of land it possessed on advance in the price of living ossentinls,
False Crock and placing that site in I no man was willing to accept that risk,
the hands of Mnckcnzic and Mnnn, was But tho Patriotic Fund nggregntion
afterwards appointed chairman of the rocked little of n man's domestic re-
local branch of what *,vas and still is sponKibilitics. The slogan "Fight or
a Dominion-wide organization. Tho! Pay" was shouted from every street
less said about the activities in regard  cornor, and hollowed at every desk until
to this fund the bottor.   Tho methods  l1    ,; L'  " '  il *'"
wore about ns crude as could possibly
bo conceived.   Prussian methods wero
introduced with a vengeance and will
not bo forgotten.
Through the instrumentality of cer
the lives of men were no longer their
own.
Made No Difference
In n largo percentage of the cases,
thoso who wero forced to subscribe to
tain officials a plan was conceived for I tho Patriotic Fund were not in a physi
boosting tho £und locally and it buc- j cnl condition to fight, and n very small
ceeded boyond their wildest dreams. By
devious ways and with the pressure of
coercion thnt could not bo called mild
and yet could not be termed  drastic,
percentage of that number was unable
to pay. But it mattered not whether
they wero physically debarred from
fighting   or   financially   incapacitated
but that gpttiwre all the^ same, ex- jfrom paying, tho officials must get all
'"'""  fr ""*"" "'  tho honor and glory.    Well, they are
welcome to all the lionor they managed
to extract from the savings of the mon
who deprived their families of necessities in order to accord that honor and
glory.
Another "Big Drive!"
This week the city has beon resounding to the cry of "half n million in
three days." Just think of it—half a
million in three days or nt the rato of
over $160,000 por day. And this, too,
just when the victory loan campaign
has been wound np. And by the way
isn't it strange that so many men nnd
women who hurrahed and lost thoir
heads in that campaign are today sad-
dor but wiser. The banks could tell a
peculiar tale if they wished, of defaulting subscribers to that loan, nnd-of how
hard a struggle it is for most people—
with tho exception of the profiteers—to
meet the instalments. Be that as it
may, the C. P. F. launches its campaign
and in effect tells the pooplo "if you
don't subscribe, you aro an outcast,
(Continued on Page Five)
Chairman 7ft 8. Baxter and his associates sent tho proceeds of their propaganda up to a figure that, as Paul
Krugcr would say, wus staggering. No
one thought there was so much money in
Vancouver.   But there was.
Pay or Oet Out
Now if tho aforesaid ways and
means had been to the taste of tho
man in tho stroet, or the father of a
family, in other words if he had not
been told that he must subscribe or
get out, thore would not have boen tho
kick ngainst the .Patriotic Fund that
thero is today, But the fund officials
hold tenaciously to tho creed that tho
end justified the moans. In plainer
language, thoy did not care how or
whero tho shekels camo from, bo long
as thoy enme. That was the rock that
the Patriotic Fund is going to be split
on and timo will tell whether this prognostication is right or wrong.
Employors woro interviewed and
many of them promised that their respective staffs would contribute.' a certain amount monthly.    And the staff
UNION ACTIVITIES
TEMPLE
Meetings Held During Week
Indicating Progress
Being Made
Many Items of Interest to
Vancouver  Trades
Unionists
Machinists
The business agent of tho Mnchinists,
Local Union No. 720, reports a very
enthusiastic meeting. Eighteen members were obligated and 36 applications,
received for membership. A special
meeting will bo held this (Friday) ovening, at which final aetion will be taken
in connection with the new agreement
presonted to employors. A number of
employers have already signed up.
Electrical Workers
Secretary E, H. Morrison of the Electrical Workers reporte an interesting
meeting at which four new members
were admitted. Members of Local No.
213 who are working around Trail wero
grantod $5 per month for hull rent to
onablo them to get together twice a
month.
Engineers
Fifteen were admitted to membership
nt Monday's meeting, reports Business
Agent Alexander, ot the Steam and
Operating Engineers. Membership is
growing., so rapidly that the hoisting
engineers' are tulking of getting n separate charter. This matter will bo decided upon at the noxt regular meeting. The union is making strenuous
efforts to obtuin an eight-hour dny for
all engineers in the province.
Cooks and Waiters
Secrotary Wm. McKenzie * of the
Cooks and Waiters reports n splendid
meeting. Eight now members wero obligated and ten made application for
membership. A dance is to bc held in
the Dominion hall, Friday, March 2i).
A strong movement is On foot to get
trade unionists to patronize union eating-houses. Thoro are now over thirty
displaying the card iu the city, so there
is no renson why union men should eat
elsewhere.
' Tailors
W. W. Hockon, recording secretary of
the Tailors, reports a good meoting
with five now members admitted and
seven applications mado for membership.   Trade good. i .
Painters \
Eighty-six members admitted to mem
bership since the lirst of th-e year, is
the encouraging report made by thc
business agont of the Paintors; A good
meeting was hold Inst Thursday, at
which nino now members were ndnrit-
t-ed and twonty applied for member
ship. The $5 wage sculo has been
granted by all employers in the city,
Boot and Shoe Workers
Tho secretary of the Boot and Shoe
Workers reports a good meeting. Two
now members were admitted and one
application received. An election of
officers was held and all the old ollicers re-elected.
Cigar Makers
Tho Cigar Makers voted in favor of
the raise in the per capita tax, reports
the secretury of that organization. A
big, lively meeting was held and a
movo made to revise the bill of prices.
Final action on this will tako place
at the next meeting. Assistance will
be given tho Cooks and Waiters to organize the Granville and White Lunch
und Allen's restuurant. All members
are reported working. See that your
cigars bear the union label.
Carpenters
A special meoting of the Carpenters
wns held Tuesday to discuss the subject mattor of n tolegrnm received from
the international president regarding
trado matters. About 800 attended and
a lively discussion took place.
Butcher Workmen
Chinese labor is one of the big problems tho Butcher Workmen ure up
against, reports Business Agent Anderson of that union. The employment
of this kind of labor in packing plants
and stores caused a great deal of discussion at thc business meeting and
drastic action will be taken in the noar
future unless the "yellow peril" is
removed. Thirteen new members were
admitted 'and many applications received.
South Vancouver Municipal Employees
A good meeting of tho South Vancouvor Municipal Employees was held on
Monday evening for orgnnization purposes. All present wero ununimous in
thoir desiro for a strong organization
that will enable them to get better conditions, says Organizer Midgley. Another mooting will be held this (Friday) evening in thc South Vancouver
municipul hall. Harry Neelands, chairman of tho South Vancouvor school
trustees will address the meeting.
Bailway .Firemen
A levy of fifteen cents per month
per member was voted favorably upon
by the Locomotive Firemen and Engineers for the benefit of members serving in the army or navy, says the secretary of that organization. Members
started working on the eight-hour bnsis
this week.   All members working.
Boilermakers
Business Agent Carmichael of the
Boilermakers reports a good, big meeting at which '62 new members were admitted and quite u number of applications received. Considerable discussion
of unsafe working conditions took placo
and a committee was appointed to interview the employers with a viow to
having things remedied. There will bo
a conference of Pacific Coast shipbuilders in San Francisco, on March 18
for the purpose of getting action on
uniform conditions and wages.
Mill and Factory Workers
Mill  and  Factory   Workers   took   a
Btrike vote Wednesday for the purpose
of obtaining the nint-hour day and n
GIRL CHOOSES LESSER OF
TWO   CAPITALIST   EVILS
Said to Hate Forged Cheque Bather
Than Sell Her Body to
I Buy Tood
NELSON.—Huby If. Raymond, aged IS. Ib
in jail facing! a charge of having cashed
three forged chaquei for (25 eaoh. She
searched for employment here for several
weeks and when arrested on a train at Midway is reported to have said: "I chose the
lesser of two evils."—Vancouver Province.
There is not the least doubt in our
mind that the Btory of the girl is true.
Millions of girls nave had to choose
between stealing or selling their virtue
in tho struggle for existence, under the
present profiteering systom of society.
The jails are full of men Whose only
crimo was against private property; the
red-light districts are full of girls who
have had to face the same problem as
Ruby Raymond; and the slums aro full
of children who go ragged and hungry
because of the damnable profit system.
Labor Temple Co. Directorate Committee Meeting
With Good Reception
The campaign now being prosecuted
by Vancouver Labor Tomple Co. is
meeting with genoral fnvor among the
local unions already visited by tho directorate committeo. Tho Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen, tho Teamsters
and Chauffeurs and tho Civic Ehiployecs
are among the latest to decide to purchase three shnros for each member.
Secretary McVety, on behalf of the
committee, has written for dates with
the Machinists, No. 777; Cooks, Waiters
and Waitresses; Railway Carmen;
Molders, Letter Carriers, Boilermakers,
Steam Engineers, Tailors, Butchers nnd
Meat Cuttors, Cigar Makors, and thoso
will bo visited as readily as provided
for.
"The prospects are very satisfactory," said Mr. McVety, to Tho Federationist yesterday, "and if the
unions yet to be visited support the
campaign us enthusiastically as those
already approached, we will have no
difficulty in making provision for thc
nmount needed to placo tho Lnbor
Templo on a sound footing onco more."
SOLDIERS GET BEHIND
BRITISH LABOR PARTY
Prestige  and  Influence  of  Labor  is
Growing Tremendously in
Great Britain
Recently tho constitution of tho British Labor party has beon radically
changed, heretofore membership has
been confined to the Lnbor und socialist organizations,' #■. Fabians nnd \fhe
co-operntivc movement, now thc doors
have been thrown open to all citizens
who subscribe to its platform and
pledge themselves to work for thc tri
umph of the principles it is organized
to uphold.
Ono significant fact in connection
with the movement is thc strong support the party is receiving from the
enlisted soldiers nnd tho wounded who
have returned from tho battlo line. Thc
soldiers oro solidly in favor of Labor's
political programme, thousands of them
who have nover bclongod to a trade
union and in many cases were prejudiced against the working class movement
against the working cluss movement
nnd its propaganda.
Those are all facts that arc beginning to be recognized by diplomats and
statesmen in Europo and America
alike, as woll as in Britain itself.
Bat great as has boon the progress
of organized Labor in Brituin in tho
past it can safely bo predicted that
nfter the war is over its prestige and
influence will bo immensely grenter
than it is at tho present timo.
minimum wage. A vote to lay tho matter on tho table for a month, says Business Agent Thohi, was overwhelmingly
defeated and a voto to strike carried
four to ono. Tho constitution calls for
a vote of 60 per cent, of thc entire
membership and as enough members
were not present to obtain this number
a special meeting wus cnllcd for next
Monday in order to obtnin the desired
number.
Press Feeders
Anothor member of tho Press Feeders
hns gone to thc front, making n total
of 20 out of an avorage membership of
25, reports tho secretary. Two new
members were admitted and three applications received. The union intends
to hold a whist drive at the latter end
of the month.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Twelve new members wore admitted
and fourteen applications received at a
rattling good meeting, reports Business
Agent Showier, of the Teamsters and
Chauffeurs. A moss-meeting will be
held next Wedncsdny to tnke up matters of importance to the members.
Brewery Workers
Some of the Brewery Workers arc
jubilant over the fact that they ure
busy working on a shipload of rent
beer for the heathen Chinese, says the
recording secretary of that union. The
members of the union are of the opinion that tho Chinese aro better sports
than the white man. Two new members were admitted nnd three applications accepted. All members are working.
Labor Temple Corridor Notes
Garage employees in Vancouver and
New Westminster nre asking increases
of wages. They nre afflliated with tho
Machinists' union. The men ask 75
cents an hour for first-class mechanics,
fiO cents for second-class and '15 cents
for helpers. They want recognition of
the union, an eight-hour day and time-
and-a-half for overtime. Ah«ut 200
men aro affected.
The bootblacks of this city held a
mooting and formed an association and
have agreed to ndvance tho prices of
shine from 10 cents to 15 cents for gonts
and   15 cents and   up for ladies.
The Boilermakors' union has decided
to abide by the decision of tin* Metal
Trades Councils, though repenting their
strong belief that tho decision was an
error and thot the unions should have
been culled out as originally Intended.
_H
w
(lu VucoaT«r\
Olty. n.oo )
$1.50 PER YEAR
IN I LOCAL
Labor Member Offers Bill
Calculated to Get Rid
of Coolies
And the Bucolic Premier at
Once Proceeded to
Throw a Fit
VICTORIA, March 7.—(Special to
The Federationist.)—That the Hawthornthwaite bill to require a knowledge of the English or other European
language to secure work in dangerous
occupations will meet with favor of
some members of the legislature was
indicated in the applause he received
today when discussing it briefly. J.
W. Wourt, member for South Vancouver, said the bill would have his support if Hawthornthwaite would delete
the words permitting an understanding
of other European languages, and
would make it apply underground in
coal or metalliferous mines, something
which he has contended for for yenrs,
he said. Mr. Hawthornthwaite said his
object was to get rid of coolio Oriental labor and he believed in this form,
the measure could be applied without
being knocked out as not within the
jurisdiction of tho provincial government or interfering with any treaty arrangements. He had brought the mat-
tor up previously in the legislnture, but
Sir Richard McBride had opposed it then
as he was afraid it would have the
offect of driving capital out of tho country. He pointed out many reasons why
the bill ought to be passed. There wore
somo thirty to forty thousand Orientals
in this provinco whose presence ex-
luded the white rucc to a considerable
extent. In the struggle for existence
today, he said, it wus for every raco
to protect itself. If tho Orientals
could be disposed of many positions
could be found for whites. Chinese
were employed by the hundreds underground in the coal mines and, though
thoy wero supposed to paHS a sort of
examination, he .doubted if they did.
Q. G. McGeer wanted to know, Booing
that canneries were mentioned in the
list of occupations in which illiterates
should not be employed, if the Lubor
member had investigated to find out if
the pack could be taken care of with
out coolies, as canned salmon was a
big war food. Hawthornthwaito said
he had; thoy did not employ coolies in
canneries in Washington and Oregon
and whites eould be employed here just
as 'well for the canneries who were
receiving very high prices on nccount
of the war, could well afford to pny
white labor. Attorney-general Farris
will debate tho subject next.
"Honest John" Throws a Fit
VICTORIA, B. C, March 7.—Tho at
titude of tho government toward J. H.
Hawthornthwaite, the only Labor rep
rosontativo in the legislature, was in
dicated today when Premier Oliver
made an attempt to strangle debnte by
endeavoring to make it uppoar that
thero is something or other in the rules
of the legislature preventing a private
member from introducing anything
which interferes with something the
government has on its mind.
Speaker Kenn, however, did not give
an immediate decision as to whether
to uphold the promier und will give
his decision tomorrow, which Hawthornthwaite usked should be in writing. In
replying to Oliyer, the Labor member
snid that, if the contention of the premier were sound, then it would mean
no bills regarding lnbor could bo intro
ducod by tho Labor member. Ho compared tho policy of the old government
with the present ns to giving opportunity for full discussion, declaring that
it had been his experience when in the
legislature bofore that no effort had
been made to stifle debute. Ho drew
attention to his being alone In the
house, and said he would not have
thought it necessnry to have to appeal
to the premier who surely had support
enough in the house to defeat the general oight-hour bill which he desired to
proceed with, instead of shutting off all
debate on tho subject.
BIO SALARIES PAID TO
JOpB XSOD DEPARTMENT
A____W!	
Consumers Continue   to  Be Fostered
With Friendi of * Bobber
<j«ng
Estimates for the new food controller
department at Ottawa provide for an
outluy of $105,000 por year. Food
Controller Thompson has been scheduled
for $7,000 per year whilo salaries of
other members of the staff range from
$5,000 down: to messenger boys at (700.
Forty of these officials will receive over
♦2,000 each a year. It's bad enough
to be pestered with this food control
outfit, without tho additional penalty
of being compelled to provide these
paper patriots with a salary that is
far out of proportion to their work.
This department is just as much of a
joke as any othor department of the
governmont. It has not benefitted the
consumers ono iota. If it has done anything at all it hag helped the profiteers
to soak us good and plenty but that
is thoir function and so long as the
great mass continue to choose a gang
of robborB' henchmen to represent them
so long will we have to put up with
joko departments.
BOiHiRT
PilEJXT WEEK
Metal Trade Workers Only
Ask Square Deal From
Their Employers
Employers and employees in the shipbuilding industry are marking time
until thc nrrivnl of tho papers with a
copy of the order-in-council passed by
the govornment appointing a commission to probe the demands of the Motnl
Trado Workors in B. C, for increased
ages. It was stated in the early part
of the week that the papors would arrive in Vancouvor about Tuesday but
it now transpires that they wero not
mniled at the federal capital until Inst
Tuesday so that thero is no possibility
of thom reaching this conBt 'until next
Monday or Tuesday.
Mr, Justico Murphy, however, hus
mnde it known that he does not intend
to loso a day in getting down to work
along with Mr. G. J, Kolly, presidont
of tho Vancouver Trades and Lnbor
Council, and Mr. J. Tonkin who will
TO RANKS OF
F.LP.
Old Party Workers Break
Away from Various
Meetings Being Held and
Locals Formed All Over
the Province
Enthusiastic is no word for the grand
reception the Federated Labor Party if
receiving throughout the province. Old-
timers and well-known workers of the
Liberal, Socialist, and even Conservative, parties are flocking to the ranke
of the party that intends to wrest the
political power from the rubber stamp
und reactionary outfit that now holds
on to the seats in the provincial house.
Applications for membership and organizers' credentials are being asked
for by many prominent Britiah Columbians who havo been fighting Labor's
battles theBe many years. This in itsolf bodes ill for the element who have
blocked the path of real live, fighting
and progressive legislation through
their lack of understanding of the humnn animal.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, representative of the F. L. P. in the provincial
parliament, and B. P. Pettipiece, addressed a big audience in the Miners'
Union hall, South Wellington, Sunday
afternoon. Fifty-six members were enrolled after tho meeting and aB mnny
more signified their intention of enrolling as soon as finances permittod. Tho
dues nro only $1 a year, but even that
sum takes a great deal of ruBtling
from the exploited slavos of tho coal
barons.
Another organization meeting will
be held nt the same place and time,
Sunday, March 17. Walter Head is the
chairman and Brother Brooks the secretary of the local organization.
In the evening, the same speakers
addressed another splendid mooting in
the Dominion hall, Nanaimo, which
provod to be probably tho largost and
most enthusiastic meeting ever held in
the city for many years. Tho miners'
orchostra gavo the audience a few selections and then tho speakers got down
be the representative of the omployers.     ......  _„ . _ ,jro ^.^ „	
Judgo Murphy was in hopes that hcito the why and wherefore of tho F.
would hold the first session on Monday L. P. Ono of the noticeable features
but tho probability is that it will be of tho meeting waa the number of wo-
Wednesday or Thursday beforo tho men present and the cordial reception
ilrst witnoss ia placed on the stand.        " "
Tho position of the mon is juat the
same aB it was a week ngo. They take
bnck nothing and they do not intend
to modify thoir demands ono iota. All
that is nsked for is a square deal, and,
in viow of prevailing economic conditions thoir argument is thut the only
wny in which that deal can bo given
is to liccedo to their demands. With
the exception of the employers, no person has yet made tho suggestion thnt
whut the men nre asking at n time
when the cost of living has risen to a
dizzy height, jH in nny respect something that is beyond the limits of ren-
. H. Hawthornthwaite
at  New Westminster
J. H. Hawthornthwnite, M.L.A., will
address a mass-meeting at New West*
it lister Saturday  (tomorrow) evening.
General
Teamsters and
Chauffeurs
Union
Local 655
MASS
MEETING
WEDNESDAY,
MARCH 13, 1918
LABOR TEMPLE
8 p.m.
Business of great importance to the union is
to come up.
The stnge has been reached when it
is no longer possible for men to support their families on tho present Inadequate rate of wages and this is one
of the points that will likely be emphasized by the different witnesses who
will bo examined on the workers' behalf. No question of loynlty to Cnnada
or to tho Allies enters into this dispute. It has resolved itself into a question whether the men aro to be paid a
living wngo or not.
Jadge Murphy has given his promise
that nil phases of the situation will be
taken into consideration when the inquiry opens, und, when a jurist of the
eminence of Justice Murphy gives that
nssuranco it mny be taken for granted
that  that  promise will lie redeemed.
THE TOOTUFE
IN
Eleven Hundred Killed in
B. C. Mines in Forty
Years of Toil
The total number of fatal accident
whieh have OCCUrod in the ennl mine
of B. C. ns recorded by the Inspection
department since 1877 to tho end of
1017, ia 1132. No records are availabl
prior to tho year 1877 as the Conl Mines
Regulation Act did not come into force
until thnt year.
Causes of Accidents
The causes of these accidents have
been as follows:
Explosions of gas and dust   014
Falls of rock and coal     251
110
Ifi
lft
83
74
Mine ears and haulage
By shots nnd powder 	
Shaft accidents 	
Miscellaneous surface	
Miscellaneous underground 	
■In   1877  there  were  accidents  not
classified     12
From the foregoing classification it
will be apparent that explosions account
for more accidents than all other causes
put together.
Wage
Will Hold a Whist Drive
Members of the Minimum
League have no intention of allowing
tho time to slip past without making
Offorl to nee to il tlmt special attention is paid to the sinews of wnr. With
this object in view, they linve made nr-
rangomonts for the holding ,,f fl danoe
nd whist drive to take plncr in the
Labor Temple on Friday evening.
Mnrch 15. All members of organized
Labor are asked to make note of this
ate and to leave themselves free for
the evening A specially attractive
programme hns been drawn .ip Tor the
•ccnsioii which promises to be intending and enjoyable. The tickets are 75
•cuts and indications point to n big
demand for these.
they gave to tho advent of, tho new
movoment. One hundred and ten members were enrolled nnd another meeting wos decided on for next Sunday,
March 10, at which officers will be
elected. The Nanaimo local hopes to
be nblo to hold weekly propaganda
moot in gs.
Brother Hodgkinson, Nanaimo, intends to organize the workers of Ladysmith and the surrounding country.
Nelson Lines Up
Another 45 members were added to
the membership of the F. L. P., when,
according to J. A. Austin, Ihe workers
of Nelson held (heir first meeting in
the new minors' headquarters, Annabel
block, last Friday. Meetings will be
held in the same pluce every Friday
and, if the enthusiasm is nnything to
go by, there will bo a lot of now members brought in, not only by the mon
but by the womon, who are assuming
a more rebellions attitude than wns expected. Vice-president Pezeril, organizer for the Wost Kootenay (south)
district, is about to go out to lino np
thc rest of the district.
Bumper Meeting at Hedley
Vice-president W. Smith, Hedley, reports holding a bumper meeting of the
miners, ut which lots of discussion took
pluce, with the result thnt the old
parties will bo greatly surprised at tho
strength of the F. L. P. in thc mines
of that locality. Brother Smith is going to hold a meeting in the town of
Hedley some timo next week aud he is
in touch with some of the rebels of
Quocnstown for the purpose of holding
a meeting there.
Oood News From Silverton
The miners und mill workers of Silverton are well plensed over the formation of the F. L. P. They hud a good
live organization during the Dominion
elections and huve now mado it a permanent one by adopting the name of
the F. 1.. P. The officers are: Harry
Dimock, president; George Mclnnis,
vice president, and .1. A. Cavan, secretary- treasurer. M embers are being
signed up every day nnd the old-timers
feel confident that the F. L. P. fills
a long-felt want.
Ward Organizations ln Olty
Membership fees are pouring iu frotii
residents of Vancouver and as soon ng
the membership becomes big enough,
ward organizations will be formed. The*
vice-presidents of Vancouver district
are working on tho plans for this kind
of organization within the city limits..
These war A organizations will each
have a separate organization and their
own officers. Kcsidents of Vnncouvor
nre urged to get in thoir applications
for membership without delay so that
the ward organization plnn can bo
slarted immediately. Applications cun
be obtained in the office of Tho B. C.
Federationist. or from business agents
of Ihe various unions.
Thi' difficulty of finding a suitablo
man for organization work, without
draining the linuuees, has heen overcome by securing Mr. George H. Hardy,
who will now deveito all his time to this
work for a few weeks. It is now iip
to ull who waat to see a strong movemont in thc city, to rally ta tlie support of Mr. Hardy in achieving the object desired. Mr. Hardy can be found
iu Hoom 200 of the Labor Tomple. Cnll
and get some applications and get busy
nmong your friends.
Metnl Trades Council
Trades   Council   passed
the application of the
The Meta
favorably up
Shipwrights
affiliate wilh tilt
delegates of this
litteiidanco were
the outcome of til
commission.
f New Westminster to
council. The many
council who were in
Optimistic regarding
finding of the special PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.. -..March 8, 1918
Lay In a Stock of These
/
Children's Middies at
85C Each
The children will be wanting them in a few weeks
now, and the price later on will be much higher than
we offer these today.
They are made of a good strong twill cloth, in
white only—in sailor blouse style, with laced front,
deep sailor collars in plain or striped material, two
pockets and turnback cuffs. Really wonderful
values each 85c
Mah^Butlson'sBauConipanii.
\^_ .    _J  mc ok ran mid   ma       muBIBT I _A___\___t ___a_0__
Granville and Georgia Streets
People's teeth differ-just as do their faces
—that Is why I treat each patient as an individual case
IN doing dental work I study your teeth—their color, size-and goneral
appearance. I study your countenance and tho contour of your face.
I examine not only your defective tooth, but those thnt arc sound to ascertain—if bridework is necessary—whether these teeth can be depended
upon.
BY following such methods—adjusting my work to meet your individual
case, I am able to remedy your dental defects in n manner which harmonizes perfectly with your nutural teeth nnd yoar normal appearance.
Let rao examine your tooth, advise you and illustrate my methods in
detail.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Offlce Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
I-Bay films taken if neca*
«ry; 10-yoir guarantee!
lira.
PHOTO SET. 8331
Eliminations    made   on
pbone appointment*.
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE	
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Offlce: Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
* Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great EastermRailway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEEN EQUIPMENTS-COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TBAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUB NEABEST AOENT OB WBITB
DISTRICT PASSENOEE AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVER
Telephone Seymonr 2482
FEDERATED UBOR
III
IHE MD
Big Meetings Held at South
Wellington    and
Nanaimo
J. H. Hawthornthwaite and
R. P. Pettipiece Were    i
( the Speakers
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., March 5.—
On Sunday lust South WoHlilgtoil was fnvor-
I'd witli tho presonoo of It. P. Pottipiooo and
.Jaiiu's H. Hawthornthwaito, who delivered
rousing apaoohos on bohalf of the newly-
formed tVilciated Labor Party. A vory at-
tontlvo lit'iirin},' waa given to both speakers
ami tlio mjotillg was well attended, quito a
numbor of the fair sex being present. To
moot ourront expenses a collection was taken,
which netted the respootablo sum of $10.(io.
A buinpar start was mado in organising a
local lirani'li of tbe party, Walter Head and
J. Brooks boing appointed chairman ami
secretnry ivspectivoly, thu appointment of
other ollieei's being left to a later mooting.
Jt was decided to hold meetings every two
weeks until the organization is built up. A
large number of members were enrolled, of
which the ladies show a fair proportion.
Judging by th? enthusiasm shown, at this,
the opening meeting of the organization campaign, tlie success of the party, in this burg
at leant is assured. As time goes on wo
hopo to conduct an organization campaign
throughout Newcastle district, so that we
shall, at all times, stand ready to frustrate
the obnoxious schemes launched by tho forcos
of reaction usually presiding nt the hog-
tiHJUgh in Victoria, with the ultimate object
of removing the aforementioned hired men
from their present sphorcs of influence.
The interest shown in tho new party
throughout tho province, loads us to believo
that tho goal Is in sight, and judging by
lho way tho politicians aro falling ovor onc
another in thoir desiro to show thoir lovo
for Labor, thoy, too, realize that tho' hour
of their doom has struck.
E. P. Pettlplece Speaks
R    P.   Puttipioce   was   the   first   speaker
on the programme, and ho said in part:
"At tho time of my last visit, I mado an
ippoal on behalf of Labor for your assistance In placing Hawthornthwaite in tho
legislature. I thank you for tho splendid
response that you mado. Wo sometimes have
to talk about tho other fellow's politics,
and I'm glad that I do'nt have to think
along thoso linos, now, as it is generally a
very dirty subject to handle. 1 think I can
safely say that in tho past wo havo mado
all tho mistakes possiblo. Wo have profited
by our past mistakes, consequently we can
not go far wrong in launching our now old
party. Tho name signifies nothing; the objects aro what count. Tho fact of so many
shades of thought being roprcaontod at the
convention at which the party was formod
plainly shows that tho party Is touching tho
spot. All shades of opinion are represented
from tho social uplift element to, the rod-hot
revolutionary, Tho policy of tho party hinges
upon tho' property quostion. Tho party
stands for tho collective ownership of the
proporty which is collectively used, and is
unalterably opposed to capitalist ownership
and control of all Bueh property. Proporty
itself has no value, its value only exists by
virtue of its being an instrument of exploitation. The Foderated Labor Party differs
from tho trado union movement in that it
questions tho right of the masters to have
any say in determining working conditions,
whilo the trade union only asks that the
worker be given tho right to have voice in
determining those conditions. The trade
union, movement only numbers amongst Its
members a small proportion of the population, about 20,000 ln B. Q., but on tho other
hand, their numbers aro exceeded by those
who have an idea of political action.
Ao Unfriendly Parent
"Prior to Hawthomthwaite's election, the
government was never very friendly to
Labor; they would mako promises galore,
but thoir actions are somewhat modified now.
Upon my visit to Victoria, before coming
up hore, the politicians made great professions of friendship, the formation of the new
party having a tondoncy to make them give
us something. They are talking eight-hour
day, and in general throwing ub some sop
to keep us quiet.
"I may not be quite bo optimistic as our
friend Hawthornthwalte, when' he predicts a
membership of 25,000 hy May 1st, hut I
believe tho party will certainly go ahead
Large numbers of members haw voluntarily
unrolled in Vancouver, and there Is a genoral awakening in this province. I had a
letter from Put Dailly, an old-time rebel, at
Stewart, enclosing aome battared old bills,
king for some Feds. ' Hu expressed his
intention of hustling for members. Action
Is also being taken at Sandon, Silverton and
Michel. Uur old-time warriors have beon
scattered  by persecution   but they are still
deck, and organization will bring them together again. Uur progress Is measured by
the interest taken by the old party poltl-
cians, and whilo I realize that this community is well educated along political lines, that
there is not auch .a need of them gutting
togethor for educational purposes, 1 also realize that a strong organiztion hore will help
to give strength to tho surrounding districts,
nnd put courago into the hearts of tho men
of the other mining camps.
The Boodle and the Axe
There are very few poople nowadays
who do not realize that something is wrong,
hut the difficulty lies in getting them together; the building up of our organization
and tho holding of a convention in tho near
future will 'tend to forter this get-together
spirit. The trouble with movements that
have arisen In the past has been in their
getting too far ahead of tho precession, ln
these time no one i knows what is going
to happen next, and it is up to the workers
to build up an organization in order to cope
with any contingency that may arise. Wc
are liable to have a goneral provinlcal election In tho near future, uud ttiuro may bu a
shake-up In thu Dominion house, as they
aru beginning to tight over thu division of
the spoils. They have been content to let
the Flavelles have the boodle and the work-
.._ the uxe, su there is a possibility of there
being some lights in tbe Dominion political
Held. We only need to get a few men ln
parliament in-order to raise Cain. We
wilt not need to wait for a full house, McBride told Hawthornthwaite once that he
and his two cullfugues took up half thu time
of the house, aud Hawthornthwaite replied
by saying   that throe  more   would tako  up
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFITS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
all the time."
Pettlpleco then drew bis speech to a conclusion by expressing his willingness to givo
hawthornthwaite plenty  of   time.
The Irrepressible  "Jim"
Hawthornthwaite  then  held  tho floor   for
considerable   timo   and   delivered   ono   of
his   rousing speeches,   u   synopsis   of   which
follows:
"A large number of peoplo aro vary curious to find out what the Federated Labor
Party Is after. They want a copy o! our
platform, and aru surprised when they find
we haven't got one. I was acocsted by a
lawyer recently who was onc of thu curious
kind. He wanted to know what wo want-
id. I told him that what we wanted could
he put into two words, and ol course, ne
was awfully anxious to know what those two
words were When 1 told him thoy were
"tho earth," ho wanted to know what we
woro going to do with the capitalist, I
simply told him that as hu and his fellows
had* been ably conserving the capitalists'
Interests, we intended, when wo got ln, to
conserve the interests of tho workers.
"When the Socialist Party of Canada was
jrganized, I fell In line with it, but at tho
timo ventured the prediction that it would
not All the bill. It has performed a useful
educational function, but politically has been
failure. The history of tho Labor move-
....•nt shows us that revolt just took placo
locally, then nationally, and finally become
International In chnracter, and a movement
to be useful must bo an international movement. The need for action is everywhere
apparent, and thu workers generally realize
that they aro exploited. It iB absurd to
think that all our resources are owned by
a class that produces nothing, wh.-n we realize that all the wealth of the world Is created by Labor. The workers produce their
own food, clothing and shelter, the tools and
machinery tlmt thoy work with, and a fat
living tor the non-producers, but before they
are permitted to produce their own susten-
ce, they are forced lo ask permission from
fellow-man who owns the means of production. This state of affairs will prevail
until the workers revolt and make a change.
The Champion Liars
"Wo mnst r»allze that education Is not
the whole thing when we cast our eyos on
the Russian peasantry, who arc mostly illiterate. They have overthrown u Bystem
that, so far, wo have been unable to overthrow. The capitalist press in this country
is outlying each other in vilifying the Bolsheviki, but we cannot believe one word
wo read. A close observer Is forced to the
conclusion that the Allies are standing by
to allow the Germans to overwhelm Russia,
and steal from them tho fruits of tho revolution. The Allies havo a majority of three
to two in men and two to ona In guns and
ammunition and yet they do not start thu
spring offensive, which has boen so well advertised and which started much earlier last
year. - The Russians have large stores of
supplies in Vladivostok nnd Petervolosky,
which to all appimranccs the Japs are about
to cut off. So wo are rforced to the conclusion that the Allies are liberating tho
Germans on tho western- front, and allowing
them to devastate the Russian workers' republic.
Industrial Conscription in Sight
"The govornment of this country is preparing to inaugurate industrial conscription.
It is not content with conscripting our young
men for the trenches but it will attempt to
conscript tho remainder of us, men and women, for their mines, mills, factories, and
farms. We must organize und prepare tu
resist with all our powers. Our movement
does not only aim to free thu actual workers
but it wilt bring froodom to all the world
and will mako the world a better place to
livu in 1 realize that in taking my scat
in the legislature that I am amongst enemies.
1 expect im quarter, neither will I give any.
As tlie house is constituted at present every
man Is against me. They will block all my
attempts at procuring legislation, or at least
forestall me iu an attempt to gain credit.
Bill Sloan, late of Shanghai, is going to
bring down a bill grunting an eight-hour day
to surface employees at coul mines, and
judging from the personnel of tha surface
c in ployees around here, live Chinks to one
white man, he is certainly conserving the
Intorests of his lute compatriots.
A "Devil's Advocate"
"During tho course of the debate ou the
speech from the thorno, A. I. Fisher from
Fornie was delivering an oration. He snid
that Bowser cast his eyes around for a
devil's advocate. AU the while ho kept his
eye on up'. He finally concluded his remark
by suggesting tlmt Mr. Bowser look amongst
Hie independents. Ho informed me Hint 'I
was silting in a house thai was diHerenll}
constituted to tiiose 1 hnd been accustomed
to.' The liberals wero very radical, anyway; thoy cannot ho too radical for mo.
I'll go them one better every time. But
reform us we will, we ean never moke tho
capitalist system u good one. Somo reforms
aro beneficial insofar as they conserve human
life and improve conditions, Prohibition is
good Inasmuch as it has clearod men's
brains and started thorn thinking, and tho
Lord's Day Act provides them with a day
to do thoir thinking, and let mo toll you,
we certainly have got a pious bunch in Victoria. We have prayers galore nnd I follow them very diligently. To show that it
is possiblo to got along without capital, as
it is known at present, 1 will give* an instance -of what is happening in Mexico: A
section of the revolutionists have taken over
a portion of the country—about 90,000
square inilos in extent They chased tho
capitalist out and are running it on tho communal plan. Men on light work are working
a three-hour day; on heavy work thoy are
working two hours, and women in .industry
nre working one hour a day. Thoy aro producing in common, nnd consuming ln common. They uso no monoy but simply procure sufficient to satisfy thoir needs from
the*-common storehouse. This stato of affairs has been going on for over two years.
Now I wo don't aspect to bring about a similar state of afrairs here, because tho machinery of production is moro complex, but
we can take aver the mills, mines and factories; by paying for them, If necessary, and
then oporate them for the common good and
givo to each the product of his or her toll.
With this ond in view I nppoal to you all
to get in tho party and boost for all you
are worth, and I will do my bit, upon tho
adjournment of the legislature, by stumping
this provinco in the interests of the party."
Have yoa signed the Bible Students'
petition "yet? If not, why not? See
page 5. ***
"A chiefs amang
ye ta\iri notes'9
[ByTheChiel]
[By thc Chiel]
It is interesting to note the strenuous
offorts that nro being mnde by the
ladies (bless thom) of this city to hold
another tag i day. Thore have been
heart-burnings ad lib, and the womon
nro up iruthe air at thc restraint that
has been placed on thoir activities in-
solling tags, so that thc unwary may
bo caught. Nobody gives a decimal of
a jot in parting with the nimble nickel
or tho less agile dime, but when it becomes a weekly stunt, it is then a nuisance, not to use a stronger term. Tug
days are about as popular as tho Patriotic Fund, and that is saying something. But do thc fair ones really ask
the innocent public to believe that they
liko to stand on thc street corners
rather thun recline at their own firesides, morely through a sense oi; duty?
Isn't thc prospect of airing their flnory
and strutting about tho street niore the
lure than anything olse) The energies
of woman might be directed in another
direction with equally good results.
Whilo the're is comparatively little
unemployment iu Vancouver, and the
surrounding municipalities, it is n fact
nevertheless tlmt there aro some heads
of families who would givo an oyo
tooth and a right toe nnil to get a job
of some kind. It isn't every post that
a man ean fill with satisfaction. He
must know the duties or he need not go
there. The rosult is that ninny men are
aimlessly walking the streets on tho
lookout for work that they can do,
while their famine's are, if not actually
starving, at least they aro not indulging
in any luxuries. And the pity is that
no one seems to take tho slightest notice of thehi. Thoy may livo, mov« and
have their being, just as they please, so
long as they don't trouble their neighbor. But tho bald fact remains, thnt
there is more poverty in Vancouver
than is dreamt of in tho philosophy of
many of thc so-callod philanthropists.
*   *   #
The case that was exposed within the
past two weeks on Robson street is ono
in point. Tho husband of Mrs. Mills
may havo sent nil that ho stated and
moro, but there's no getting-away from
this, that the woman and hor daughter
were living* in a state of wretchedness
that was a crime to allow, and this, too,
in an age when thore is so much prating about the charity of some porsons.
Poverty has existed in every age, but
in this enlightened century, ig thero
any reason why it should exist? No
neod to dilate on crime when men are
forced to take up a position that is absolutely impossible to maintain outsido
of committing burglary.
Tho latest taove on tho part of the
government to hold up to ridicule and
obloquy, citizons of Canada who arc of
military age and who have not seen fit
to go to the firing line, is to publish a
list of names in each district, of those
who have boen exempted from aervice
on other than modical grounds. The
item in thc daily press may- have -escaped general attention, but it is none
tho less boing considered if a definite
decision has not already been arrived
at. In other wor3s, the man who faces
bankruptcy and ruin by having to relinquish his business to shoulder a rifle
on some battlefront, is going to be ostracised; not that he has no stomach
for tho fight, but simply becauso he
knows black ruin stares right at him if
he is compelled -to go. It is all vory
well to say that the Germans ar-e doing
that sort of thing. Woll, Germany taay
do it, but Canada is not Germany by
any means, though there aro many individuals in the dominion who are doing
their darndest to emulnto tho Prussian
methods, and with some success at that.
Tho law of libel lays it down specifically that if a man is held up to obloquy by any newspaper or in any published document, that man has a good
cause of action to recover damages for
libel. It will be interesting to watch
if the local daily pross will have the
courage of their alleged cunvictions in
this matter.
#   *   #
Sometimes an outsider sees most of
the game, and for this reason tho juggling that Butchart and company carried on last week in their negotiations
with the shipowners was a sight for tho
gods. Butheart ot al played as subtle a
game as has been played in this hemisphere for many moons. Tliey, iu effect.
told the men they were bluffing, and
when that did not serve its purposo,
they told thom in terms that could not
be misunderstood that thoy were unpatriotic, that treason was a mild nnme to
call their conduct and that, also in effect, if thoy got what they deserved,
there would bo skin and hair flying.
Tho object of all this vituperative demonstration waa as clear as noonday,
and to tho credit of tho men be it said
thoy hold the fort and still hold it despite the assault^ that have been mndo
on thoir patriotism and other isms. If
the sauco is good enough for tho goose,
the gander ought not to turn up its
nose at it—if it has a nasal appendage,
and Butchart Inc. should take the
beahi out of their own cyo*first bofore
they attempt to extract the raoto out
of tlieir brother's.
a ■ •   m
Just observe the squirming and hear
the squealing that is daily taking plnce
among tho ranks of thc business men
at the proposed tax on their businesses.
They forgot in thoir agony of body thot
they have made the public squirm, and
that they havo heard their squeals with
something akin to joy every time the
price of sugar took a jump or when one
degree of frost added another dime to
tho cost of eggs-to the consumer.
Tho following statos havo no compensation law for injured workmen: Arkansas, Alabama, Georgia, Florida,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri and
North Dakota.
THE BESl
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured lu British Columbia
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
il Halting! Itnet Wut
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and.
Funeral Parlors free to all'
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour HIM
Spirits
That do not lie!
TRUE TO BRAND
TRUE TO STRENGTH
TRUE TO QUALITY
_.
THE LIQUORS OOLD SEAL LIMITED OFFERS ARE
SELECTED FROM THE FINEST STOCK OF RARE OLD
WINE AND SPIRITS ON THE CONTINENT—THEY ARE
SHIPPED TO YOU IN THE ORIGINAL BOTTLES-
SCOTCH BOTTLED IN THE OLD COUNTRY—RYE
AT THE DISTILLERY—BULK LIQUORS GUARANTEED
OF FULL STRENGTH—IN 5 AND 10-GALLON ORIGINAL
OAK KEGS.
BACK OF EVERY BOTTLE, CASE, JUG OR KEG OF
LIQUOR SOLD IS THE GUARANTEE OF GOLD SEAL
LIMITED-A FEDERAL CORPORATION THAT HAS
BEEN DOING BUSINESS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR
OVER 20 YEARS—THAT HAS A REPUTATION SEOOND
TO NO BUSINESS FIRM IN CANADA FOR GIVING ITS
CUSTOMERS A SQUARE DEAL.
SCOTCH WHISKY—BULK
1 Gal. Jug
Sanderson's Old Private Stock "Mountain Dew"—lfi years old—undoubtedly one of the finest J3cotch whiskies
importod to this country; a favorite
for 75 yoars  $14.50
\01d Kilmarnock;   popular   for   tanny
years; excellent   14.60
Calodonloh Beserve Liqueur; aged for
yoars in sherry casks; a mild, mellow
old whisky;    wondorful flavor;    tko
best obtainable from this famous lino 14.00
White Horse Cellar;   a   famous   old
brand; liqueur   13.50
Peter   Dawson'b "Perfection"— very
fine old liqueur whisky   13.00
Teacher's Highland Cream; a favorite;
standard   I*********1
Saitdorson's "Qlonleith"* 10 yearB old;
Islay malt ,  12*60
"Mountain Dew"—Tho most popular
Scotch Whisky in Western Canada;
vory  lino    12*00
"House of Parliament"—S. Henderson
& Co., ten years old, very uniform
quality und flavor  -■••* 11.00
Usher's "O. V. Q."—An   old    vutlod
Glenlivet Scotch; popular   12.50
Gold Bond Old Scotch Whisky; 14 years
in wood; wonderful old whisky; -exceptional valao  13.00
We guarantee evory gallon of the abovo
wonderful brandB of Old Scotch Whisky to
be oXHctlyfes represented, imported from Scotland In oak casks nnd absolutely pure. Wo
guarantee tho Btrongth to bo not loss thon 20
U. P. Canadian Government test.
EYE WHISKY—BULK
1-Gnl. Jug
"Limited Reserve" Liqueur Rye $ 8.00
"Three Seal," i) yearB old; vory lino
and special blend     7.60
"Privato Stock"—Special liquour     7.76
Goodo'rham & Worts' Special; Btandard
all ovor'Canada i    8.00
B. C, Special; 11 years in oak; limited
quantity     9.00
Puro Canadian Malt White Whisky;   8
years old   7.00
Gooderham & Worts', 8-year-old special
shipment; very fine     7.25
Jos. E. Seagram'1! "Watorloo," 33u.p.   6.50
Walker's Canadian Club    8.60
Walker's Imperial    8.00
"Gold Bond" Canadian Rye, 12 years
old; oldest uud best possible to obtain 8.00
Hiram Walker's Old Canadian Rye    7.00
Wc guarantee tho agt* nnd quality of every
gallon in the above list, full strcngtli not
less than 25 LI. P. Cnnndinn Government tost.
WARNING!
We do not substitute. Be careful ef
deceptive advertising. Many firms are
offering liquors who eau not supply the
brands quoted, hut will send you very
inferior grades. Do not send money to
outside firms unless you know who they
are. Many persons have heen very
hadly treated.
OUR GUARANTEE AND WHAT IT
MEANS
We guarantee to doliver yeur orders
for liquor, true to brand, full count to
case, of full strength as noted on specific guarantees below, pure as to quality. Your order will op filled Just as
carefully and rigidly as though you
wero selecting and examining the goods
over the counter.
In comparing our prices, remember—
Old Orkney O.O. Whisky at $30 per case
at 20 U.P., botled in Scotland, is not
worth $16 per case at 40 U.P. bottled ln
Canada.
Dewar's Special Scotch at $36 per cose
at 10 U. P. bottled in Scotland, is uot
worth $18 per case—$1.50 per bottle—
at 40 U. P. bottled ln Canada.
BASS' ALE AND GUINNESS' STOUT
Wo nro particularly fortunate in boing appointed direct soiling ngents for E. & J.
Burko of Dublin. Burke's bottling of Bass'
and Guinness' have for many years been con-
sidered much superior to all others. Also
Rend'B Buss Ale.
(A caso consist of 12 quart bottlos)
Per   Not
bot.   caso
Pint bottles, E. & J. Burke's $4.50   $22.00
Quarts, E. & J. Burke's  6.50     22.00
Read's Splendid Bass Ale, Splits
(6 doz. in enso), por enso  12.50
We have secured delivery of Ono Cnrload
only of John I.nbatt's,Extra Pino Sparkling
Truo Ale nnd Pure Sparkling Stout from the
old brewery at London, Ontario. Special,
while it lasts. Prices including Express
Charges Prepaid.
Per caso one dozen quarts  $3,60
Per.cuse two dozen quarts 7.00
Both Ale and Stout In quarts.
Per ease two dozon pints $4.00
Per case four dozen pints   7.75
Stout only in pints.
NOTE—On all above brands deduct on ordors
when nil goods nre shipped nt onc time only:
Three bottles or more—15c each bottle.
Six bottlos or moro—26c each bottlo.
Twelve bottles or moro—Caso prico net, no
deduction.   (Ono kind or assorted.)
WE DO NOT SUBSTITUTE
No Charge for Jugs, War Tax er Packages
WE SHIP BY EXPRESS AND
PAY ALL CHARGES
Full Price Lists and information may bo obtained from the following Buyers'  Agents
fer purchase of liquor from outside the province:
WESTERN CANADA LIQUOR CO., LIMITED, 137 Water Street
A. L. GART8H0RE CO., Into Gold Seal Bldg., 722 Ponder Street Wost.
MAPLE LEAP DISTRIBUTING CO., 831 Qranvllle Stroot.
INDEPENDENT BREWING CO., 65 Hastings Streot Enst.
UNIVERSAL WINE CO., (W. A. Urquhart), 64 Cordova Stroet Wost
JOHN McRAE & CO., 758 Powell Stroot
GOLD SEAL LIMITED
CALGARY
137 Water Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Write for fully illustrated latest price Ust     —
REGINA ■*■*■!
OFFICIAL   FAFBB   VASOOUVEB
TBI DBS  AM)   LABOB   00UVOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL  nm  HRHM*
OHBIA  FBSBBATIOI OT  ItM
TENTH YEAR.   No. 10
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 8, 1918
See Dr. Lowe £__i*
r> s<i
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
tor> HEAP WORK NEVER PAYS" is especially true
y*s  in dentistry, but if Dr. Lowe does your work you
may rest assured it will be
HIGH-CLASS WORK AT REASONABLE COST
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's pricei, value considered, are reasonable
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ARE NOW SHOWING THE VERY LATEST IN
Men's and Boys' Suits
SHIRTS, NECKWEAR AND HATS
MEN'S SUITS $18.00, $20.00, $25.00 to $40.00
YOUTHS' SUITS from .' $15.00 up
BOYS' SUITS from ji    $4.75 up
CARHARTT OVERALLS, Working Shirts and Gloves kept in
stock. " \
PALM BEACH CLOTH
This is ii fine quality material heavy enough for suits or dresses.   It is
36 inches wide and comes iii five shades only—pink, Bky, Palm       gA
Beach, grey and white.   Special price, per yard  05J.C
COTTON CREPE
Wo have just recoived a now shipment of this oxceNcnt Japanese cotton
crepe.   The quality is tho best procurable.     It is 30 inches wide and
comes in the following shades (stripes as well as plain colors)—rose
pink, coral, Copenhagen, saxo, navy, wine, purple, pearl, mauve,     OA
Russian green, black and white.   Our price, per yard  «JwC
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
662 ORANVILLE STBEET
Our Hat Window
Kvory HAT In it tells a story of real
valne—yot the display Is but a hint of
the big stock Inside,
It Is as complete—as generous a showing of new .SPRING HEADGEAR as
we've ever shown.
Mnny sterling union-made hats among
them.
New Spring Felts ?3.00 to $6.00
New Spring Derbios.... $3.00 to $8.00
New-Spring Caps $1.00 to $2.60
Richardson &' Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTERS    Nut Oor. Hastlngi  417 ORANVILLE
"Bottling Up"
NABOB
COFFEE
IN other words, VACUUM
PACKING Nabob Coffee
makes all the difference in thc
world to your morning cup o'
cheer. You get moro real coffee, thereforo more real pleasure.   It's worth a trial.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.     Vancouver, B. C.
$35 Indigo Dye Navy and
Blue Serge Suits for
$28.75
'ON sale Saturday—50 men's finest grade pure wool West of
England Navy Blue Serge and worsted suits; hand tailored
throughout, and guaranteed absolutely fast indigo dye as long
as you wear one. Regular $35.00 values.
Saturday	
$28.75
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
646 ORANVILLE'STBEET
PRESENT POUTICAL
Rogues Repudiate Pledges
and Hang on to
Supreme   Achievement   in
Political Vulgarity and
Mendacity
/
(By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb. 2.—(Special
to The Federationist).—I was under tho
impression that the Borden government
in Canada wns the last word in political
infamy and low-down trickery. . But it
seems that we had Borden out-Borden-
ed in our country all tho time, and I
didn't know it.
As I have explained in former dispatches, the Hughes government in
Australia went to the country with the
conscription issuo and a definite pledge
to the people. It said in putting the
question to referondum, that it could
not assist to win.jt.he war without conscription in Australia—in ordor to line
up Australia with the rcst'of the world
—and that if conscription was, not passed by tho pooplo at tho popular vote,
tho Hughes govornment could not govern the country, nor would it make any
attempt to do so. Consequently when
the conscription issue was defeated by
a large majority—about 170,000 boing
the majority against it in a poll of just
on two million votes—everybody
thought that that was tho end of the
Hughes anti-Labor government. But
lo and behold, no sooner said than done,
the Hughes government is back afthe
old address and carrying on as if nothing had happened at all.
Out Again, In Again
It is true that the Hughes government did technically resign—but it resigned and w*nt out through one door
only to race in at the othor. It was at
most n five minutes J resignation.
Hughes and all thc ministers nro back
in tho snme positions, governing tho
country without conscription, although
they snid thoy could not do so before
the voto was tnkon.1 Before resigning,
Hughos called a mooting of his pnrty
of Union haters nnd Thoy passed n resolution that on no account must the
Labor party bo nllowed to assume offlce. That done they resigned, nnd were
immediately sent for again by tho gov
ornor-gonoral to bo sworn in ns "an
other" administration—each man in his
own identical position.
Avoiding the Death Battle
The renson for tho resolution thnt
they would not allow Labor to hold office on any consideration was becauso,
in thoir own words, it would be dangerous to hnvo Labor in offlco during
tho war period. You see, it is this
way. Lnbor recently hnd n conferenco,
and mndo it pretty plain that if thoy
got into powor thoy were determined
that, as tho masses of the people hnd
to do the paying of tho war, the masses
should also boo what; they wore fighting
for. In short, Labor intended to put
the death rnttle into the secret diplomacy business. And it appenrs that
thero is too^tnuch which tho government
is desirous of keoping from the people
at tho present time. You know, Australians' are long headed and they have
something of moro thnn average intelligence about them. In Australia every
man is a political thinker. Politics is
liko meals to him. Capitalism and conservatism can hardly feel at homo in a
country whero the people nro so disposed. Then ngaiji there were several
shady tricks thnt would hnvo been unearthed onco Lnbor got in. There wns,
for instnnce, the circumstances under
which a senator took ill "all of a aud*
den" when a .minority of onc had to be
converted into a majority .of one, some
time ago. Then there was the case of
a senator who wos approached by the
prime minister (Hughes) and nskod this
mysterious question: '' Does money
stand in your way?"—an invitation to
do a little political skating. There
wero other things ns well, such ns this
expenditure of secret service funds, and
whore they went, nnd such like, that
would have made exceedingly illuminative rending for the mnsses with the
censor out of n job. Then there wns
the "Unlawful Association's Act,"
which wnB passed by the Hughes government to deport any person from
Australia who wns not of Austrnlian
birth. That act, under n Lnbor government, might very easily hnve been
made to apply to giving a free Bea voy*
age to somo of our Labor-hating politicians who wore not born under the
Southern Cross. And here it comes ns
a coincidence thnt Hughes himself is n
Welshman. In short, tho Hughes govornment was afrnid of the Labor pnrty
because, to use the words of T>nc of
HugheB' own ministers, "in tho hands
of the Labor party, somo of our laws,
and the War Precautions Act could bo
used agninst even ministers nnd win-
the-war politicians themselves."
WiU Not Forget
So it comes that they are back nt the
old nddresB, and determined'to stick
thero till the war is over'nt all hazards.
Happily the people of Australia hnve
exceedingly long memories, and, nro not
givon to forgetting such politicnl trickery. Thoy have seen their precious
conscription scheme repudiated openly
by tho Austrnlian poople, nnd to use
their own words, "Australin is out of
the wnr." They snid before the conscription vote wns taken—thnt if we
turned down conscription, it would be
a message to the world that Austrnlin
had hnd enough of it. If we still hold
them to thnt, they surely can't com-
plnin—the construction on the conscription vote is their own—not ours.
Must Nurse Their Own Baby /
And, somehow, after all, it is perhnps
a good thing that they are still in
powor. They are exceedingly uncohi-
fsptable just at prosent, but still, ns
they nre thero they have to enrry the
war bnby. Lnst week they invited tho
Labor pnrty (whom they accused of being pro-Germans, Bolshevikis, Sinn
FoinerB and such like) to join them in
(^ogBST) ,   $1.50 PER YEAR
Star Shells of Humor Along
With Shrapnel and
Stink Bombs
FELIX PEZEEIL
Vice-president at the Federated Labor Party
for WeBt Kootenay (south), secrotary of
Nelson Trades and Labor Council, and a
delegato from the Brotherhood of Railway
Carmen, of which he is also Becrotary.
a coalition government—to lj.elp them
in thoir difficulty and take somo of the
blame for the unholy mess they have
gotten tho country into. But tho Lnbor
leader (Mr. Tudor) said: "Well, you
Baid we wero enemies of the Empiro
and pro-Gormnns—surely you would not
have ub join you in a government? You
said wo wero not fit to govern Australia, and we will not help you to do
it, either.'.' And so they stand, and
they have to stand up to nil tho sins
and omissions that aro fulling thick
nnd plenty .around thom. The capitalistic papers are smoke-clouding the
scene nnd "gassing" the people, trying to stnmpcde them into a coalition
governmont, but Labor hns officially
snid "no," and "no" it has got to he.
Having got the country into a mess, it
is up to Hughos arid his gang to get it
out of tho mess. Labor will be waiting,
of course to put "the boot" in nt tlio
first opportunity.
It pleases us muchly that the politicnl skateB are thoro where they nre.
Labor will sweep the country from end
to end whon the right time comes. There
is no doubt of thVt.
E
BLIND SOLDIERS LEFT
TO MERCY OP CHARITY
Government Haa Not Seen Fit to "Do
Its Bit" for the Great
War Veterans
An appeal is now being mado for
funds to care for blind soldiers. The
appeal comes from London, Englnnd,
whore nbout 500 out of 1000 men who
have totally lost their sight are in training for industrial pursuits. It is a positive disgrace thnt the British government hns not seen fit to care for these
men. Blindness is probably tho worst
thing thnt could havo happened to
these men and the lenst tho government
could have done would have been to
hnvo seen that those men were given
tho necessary training that would en
able thom to earn thoir own living.
Throwing disabled soldiers on the scrap
heap will have tho effect of mnking
agitators out of them, but apparently
tho government does not seem to enro
how much dissension it onuses so long
ns it can: hang onto the profiteering pie
counter.
Flotsam and Jetsam From
Ruling Class Sea of
Blood and Pelf
Elovcn hundrod and ten were killed in
general industrial establishments In Pennsylvania last year, 1112 in mines and 448 in
public service.
Seattle, Wash.—Federal meat inspectors
have condemned several truck loads of hams,
and nearly 100 beeP carcasses because of
Improper dressing by strikebreakers employed in the Frye and other packing plants.
Pipestone, Minn.—Q. D. Brewer, lecturor
of the National Nonpartisan league, was convicted in a justice court hero of unlawful
assemblage. He was released on bonds ponding appeal. Brewer is a Spanish war
veteran.
Twelvo hundrod polico who met recently
in Philadelphia, Pa., to protest against politicians juggling their benefit funds, ' and
against bud working conditions, were dispersed by a squad of mounted police. Case of
swallowing some of their own medicine.
Chicago—In Federal Judge Lnndis' court,
representatives ot the federal trade commission charged that the big Chicago packers
entered into a combination to defraud the
governmont hy means of colluisve bidding
for army and navy uontructs.
aw York—Poor food is one of the causes
for labor dissatisfaction at Hog island, according to Hear Admiuil Bowles, who charges
thut workers suft'or poisoning in mild form,
and aro charged ;.u cunts fur a meal that
costs 11 cents. The shipbuilding corporation
is making a profit at the rate of $1,800,000
on tliis item alone.
Gr;al Falls—Since tho open shop policy
nuuginat.'d .Monday by tho Great Full,
branch of the Employers' association of
Montana, the strike, wliich at ilrst only in
volved the ilMal trades, has spread to other
crafts, and the light is now on to determine
whether this city shall bo union or nonunion,
London, Eng.—Tho only body to tako into
consideration the, question of sailors' and
soldiers' pay and to seriously and tactfully
press for advances has been the General
Federation of Trade Unions. As a result of
its efforts, live hundred millions per year has
been added to tho pay and allowances of the
service men,
London, Eng,—Whon the war Is over, England is going to build half a million homes
for workingmen, acording to a report Died
here with thc state department by Consul
McBrido at London. This after-the-war construction programme will require tho organizing ability of at least one-half of the employers in tho building trades and the lahor
of 400,000 men.
Seattlo, Wash.—Thc first union to take action on the posting of .a $10,000 bond, required by thc United Press for the rendition
of news service to the coming Daily Union
Kecord, Electrical Workers', local 40, voted
to put up $2000 of Liberty bonds ns part
of the required security. The Central Labor
council stands behind the dnily and guarantees all local unions whicli assist in posting
the bond the safe return of their securities.
CARHARTT'S OVERALLS
ARE THE BEST OVERALLS
But take a tip md buy »
few extra pain at once, aa
the price will adruue
■bortlj, for reaaona at ence
apparent.
Your Dealer
Has Them
Union Made
Best Made
Made in B. C.
Factory:
Entire 8th Floor
World Bldg.
PHONE SEY. 2493
Cut Rate Drugs
People are continually complimenting us on the service
they receive at our stores. New customers say they
did not know the Great Saving it would mean by getting their Drug wants from us. They flnd quality the
best, and our prices much lower than they had been
paying to so-called Out-Bate Druggists.
Tho renl meaning and interpretation
of this war is that capitalism is giving
itsolf tho "happy despatch," otherwiso
known aB "hnri kari," thc "dutch
act," or in plain English, suicide.—
Forward, Toronto.
See the Bible Students' petition on
page 5.   Why not sign it today.?      ***
A Philadelphia divine wns entertain-
ng n couple of clergymen from New
York at dinner. The guests spoke in
prniso of a sermon their host hnd delivered the Sundny before. Tho host's
son wus at tho table, and one of thc
New York clergymen said to him: "Sty
Ind, whnt did you think of your father's
sermon!" "1 guess it was pretty
good," said the boy; "but there were
three mighty fine places where ho could
h%*e stoppod."
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1965 k 1965
BRANOH STORES:
7 Hastings Btreet Weat Seymour 3538
782 Oranvllle Street Seymonr 7013
9714 OranviUe Street Bay. 9314 A 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 A 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and aervice I
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
THE B. G. F. OF L CAMPAIGN
FUND STILL SHORT $773.25
At.the specinl convention of tho B. C. Federntinn of Lubor, held in Soptembor,
1D17, it wns decided to enter the politicul field mid to place cundidates in all industrinl centres fnr lho Dominion house. This course wns earriod out, und the
locnl cnmptiign committees find that they are unable to clear off nil thc indebtedness contrncted in thc campnign.
Tho outstanding debts of thc committees nmount in all to ubout $800. It Ih
impossible for this indebtedness to bo cleared, except through voluntary contributions, by local unions, or individual members of organized Labor.
The funds of the B. C. Federation of Labor ennnot bo used in any other manner thnn us laid down in the constitution, and it therefore becomes necessnry
for tho Executive of tho Federation to issue un appeal tb the organizations ro
presented at the specinl convontion, or any othor organization, to como to the
aid of the locnl committeos.
The B. O. FederationiBt has beea nuthorized to institute n fund for the
puyment of theie campaign debts, nnd it will continue to receive f.inds
thnt mny bc contributed to clear off the deficits of the local committeos.
Donations mny be mailed direct to the sccretnry-troasurer of tho Federation, which will be duly acknowledged.
A. 8. WBLLS,
Secrctary-Treusuror.
Previously Acknowledged  $26.76   I'd trick   Blljf,   Stewart,  D.   C - 50
UNION MADE SHOES
Look for the Union Label on our shoes.
Our Footwear comes from thc best union factories in thc land,
where only skilled workmen are employed. They do honest
work and our shoes are perfect.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
"The General Interest of the
Community Requires the
Elimination of the Jitneys."
-DR. ADAM SHORTT
"Since it is evident," he says, "from the
detailed financial returns of the company
that the two systems cannot co-exist without the disappearance of the street railway, it is plain that the general interest of
the community requires the elimination of
the jitney as a condition of retaining the
existing transportation service, beyond at
least the central and more densely populated city areas."
"An open-minded examination of the jitney service as it at present exists should
convince anyone that while it may be a useful supplement to an electric railway service, it cannot possibly take its place."
"Instead of the electric street car being
sacrificed for the preservation and extension of the jitney, the jitney should be sacrificed for the preservation of an electric
service in the best interests of the public."
THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE PUBLIC
—that is the only thing: that should count
OS€^€dtHc PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT Maroh 8, 1918
THE B. C.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 0 p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscript!
City,
"Unity of Labor:   the Hope of the World'
■ti:  $1.50 por ycur;    In Vnncm.
$'2.00;   to  unions  subscribing
in a body,  $1.00
FBIDAY..
..March S, 1918
LONG BEFOBE Jonnor mado tho remarkable und epoch-making discovery that by pumping tho pus
of "bovine Byphillis" into tho blond of
a healthy  human  boing, slu.1i  person
would thereby be-
THE SEBUM como immune to at-
BOUTE TO tack  from  ihut dan-
EASY MONEY.   goroUB     -and      even
doadly result of un-
clean living and filthy surroundings,
known ns smallpox, medicine men and
olher charlatans worked similar (llthy
humbugs upon thoir unsuspecting victims for the purposo of gaining material
aubstanco by an easier route than that
of honest effort. Of course, nobody
short of a dull blookhoad can for a moment believe that tlie introduction of
filthy und poisonous mailer into the
blood of any animal could for a moment
safeguard the victim against the result
of unclean and improper conditions of
living. It is q.iito clear upon the very
fuce of it, that such a met hod of dealing with the ill-results of uncleanlinesa
could only be prompted by commercial
motives, that is by tlio desire tn obtain
filthy 'lucre by the easiest und most
prolific route. Thu precious discovery
of Jonner—fhe vaccination humbug—
bus undoubtedly caused more misery
and death among human kind than
smallpox ever did. To intelligent people it hus long been well-known that
thc only sensible way to deal with
smallpox or uny other of the multifarious ailments that spring from improper
living nnd filthy conditions is along the
lino of cleanliness and right living.
Where these conditions uro lacking, these
ills cannot be exorcised by the administration of pills, potions, poisons and
pus concocted by witch doctors and
modical humbugs eager for patients nnd
pelf.
* *        *
The art nf extracting lucre from helpless, deluded and well governed victims,
by pumping poison into their veins undor thc specious pretense of safeguarding their future health., has been well-
nigh brought to perfection in this age
of democracy, war, and government ownership, A reader of The Fedorationist
relates having been un eye-witness of
serum treatment being administered to
1)00 conscript slaves per hour at a certain military rendezvous not a million
miles from tho United States of America. It seems that the wise military
authorities of tho happy land in question are following tho established practice in vogue in thc most advanced and
intelligent nations of the earth, of safe
guarding tho health of the strong and
ablo-bodied against future, attacks of
every ill that hdman flesh is heir to,
from itch to ingrowing too nails, by a
judicious und copious application of
suitably and scientifically compounded
pus, potion, serum or other poisonous
and deadly concoction. While it may
not be clear to the averogo intelligence
that such treatment will prove efficacious in protecting thc victims against
disease, it must bo plain to even the
meanest among us that it will at least
bring great and Insting good to the
medicos and tbe serum faetories. As
a commercial asset, it possesses undoubted value, and that is tho main
thing in this glorious commercial age.
The success of this treatment in safeguarding the health of the conscripts
upon whom it is practiced is emphatically shown in the official reports of health
conditions in tho army cantonoments of
the country in question. For the week
ending Fob. 3 there were 177 deaths,
tho most of which wore from pneumonia, meningitis and allied ailments. For
the woek ending Fob. .15, the deaths
were 177, of which flfl were from pneumonia. That such a death rate should
prevail even among the young and physically fit for military service, is by no
means a matter of surprise to thoso who
fully realize the profound wisdom of introducing poison and filth into tho humnn blond for tho purpose "f maintaining health. The connection between
the serum treatment and tho death rato
above mentioned is not difficult to trace.
They uie intimately connected. But
thai is no manner lessens the value of
the treatment from u commercial standpoint. In thiB connection it is but fair
to state that during the two weeks in
question, tho dealhs included but three
suicides and two homicides. It seems
thnt the serum treatment is not always
effective in preventing even suicidal
and homicidal attacks.
* *        *
In connection   with  this  serum and
vaccination   swindle   and   infamy,   tho
following,   clipped   from   the   Ottawa
(''tizeil, is eminently apropos:
s   I:
gical treatmant that, in tlio opinion of the
physicians, would tit them for military servico.
"Hii longer will 'quaokB1 nnd 'faddist doctors' bo able to victimize their patients by
hiding the truth from thom." Br. Quayle
writes, "for tlie plan will educate tho pooplo
of th ■ country and will place in tbo hands of
overy drafted man iutimnto and complete
IcnowlodgO of his physical self. Tho ond of
tin. European war will not brjng an ond to
the operation of tho plan. 1 predict that it
will mark tho beginning of government control of tlio health of tho pooplo and tho elimination for all time of physicians who aro
not honest."
Now isn't that rich? Tho New Appeal, Charles Edward BuBSOll, and government ownership freaks in general
should jump with joy.
Q':
"Tin' soruni I)
'ti,, ttitelioi of old
'the irtniMN of oh
Jyoorot side m vv *ii
business (if VIIOI
■based on vlviBCCtl
Intorest*:  niitlior,-.
it   iJli   Hi   Vnillteenii
•iH'Mwbmori of Bold
H  flWIdond-paying
torles.     Revenue
now   forms   of
nude a f*
ide
mt'iirlii
hai
lollari
nppare
V pene.
vt pon ci
ns, the
rl      ilio.
uted
■ested   in
■npuliory
The c
rs especially hi
Inn   for   the   serum   fne-
kept   constant,   so   long
' lent   can   *""
Invented. Recently, in a government publication professing to d-al with the conservation of life, the following eoucoction Is
put forward as a serum fnr venereal disease treatment:
Scrum from guinea pigs, sheep a blood.
Immune rabbit's serum, extract of human
heart,  us  well as the patient's blood.  . .  .
"Th' three wltdies in 'Macbeth seemed to
lie preparing J"st H,,cl1 another serum, at the
Opening of Act IV—scene I!
Hot of a fenny snake,
boll and  bake;
Second Witch.   Fi
In   the   canldr
Kyo  of  newt  and  too of  fron,
Wool  of  bat  and  tongue  of doi
Adder's  fork  and  blind-worm's sting,
Lizard's leg and howlot's wing.
Por  a  charm  of powerful  trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble,
"The   modem   incantation   is   to   Inlk   so
emnly <>f  'proper scientific knowlodg.
absolute accuracy' in tlmlr
the superstition  Is  the same
UITE OFTEN we meet some worthy   und   well-intent inued   boob
^__ really alarmed ovor thc
possibility of the bud socialists or the
worse anarchists running amok some
day and eonliseat-
CONFISCATION ASing the property
A FACT AND of others.    While
A FINE ABT. it is true that oc
casionally ono is
met with who is thus alarmed, and who
at tho same time has some proporty that
might be tnken from him in case confiscation bocamo fashionable, the majority of Ihe alarmed ones appear to be
without the second shirt to their hacks.
Now, it is quite easy to underslantl why
one who has property might bo disturbed with alarm at the prospect of a possible confiscation of worldly goods, but
just why any ono who nevor hod any
property and never even hoped to get
any, should lie thns disturbed, is another nf those mysteries still unsolved.
* # *
Now, as all proporty capable of bringing anything in the shape of revenue to
its owners must consist nf human brings in slavery, for the very simple reason that all revenue is produced by human labor, and can be produced by no
othor power, then it logically follows
that the very body and soul of the slave
hiust be confiscated by he or they who
enslave him, in order to convert him
into a revenue-producing means for his
owner or owners. His status as property having been thus established, it
continually affirms itself by bringing to
the owner a revenue in tlie shape of
food, clothing, shelter nnd other earthly
goods. The greator the number nf these
individual pieces of property held by an
owner the greater tho revenue accruing
to such owner, that is if the surrounding
circumstances be equal in each case.
Tho revenue accruing from property
costs the owner nothing. All he has be
confiscates from the slaves who produce
it. This is perfectly legal nnd meets
with the approval of all the moral and
ethical authorities and spiritunl guardians of this most delectable civilization. We believe we arc snfc in asserting that it nlso meets with divine approval. If we aro wrong in this, we expect to bo set right by those who are
properly credentialed tn speak on behalf of divinity. Now. if human beings
are seized and held in slavery, their
freedom destroyed nnd they are compelled to lnbor for others, and the pro-
duets of their labor be confiscated by
their self-appointed owners, how would
it be possiblo for theso enslnved ones
to confiscate anything even if they wero
so minded? True it is that they'might
perhaps put, a stop to such confiscation
by breaking their chains and thus remove the curse of property from them,
but by no stretch of tho imagination
could this be termed confiscation upon
their pnrt. If this would be confiscation, so would the act of a horse or
mule who had kicked loose from cart
and harness and run off intn thc fnrest,
thereby escaping from his servitude.
* *        •
Property owners may indulge in the
practice of confiscation among themselves. Thoy even may confiscate ench
other's slaves upon occasion. In fact
thoy often do so, either in onc way or
anothor. And tho whole structure and
game of business is in' reality a game
of confiscation. It is a game that is
predicated upon the.confiscation of the
humnn slave in the first place, for it is
only by this moans thnt the necessary
articles—goods, merchandise, etc.—can
be obtained wherewith to play the delightful game. All sorts of tricks, devices and strategoms are contrived for
the purpose of enabling tho individual
plnyers to confiscate thc goods nnd
wares of others, and all nre legal and
permissible short of that of knocking
the conflscatoe down with a club, and
making off with his goods. Thtu method
is reserved by those organized bands of
ennfiscators known ns states or governments, and its exercise is usually termed fighting for justice, democrncy nnd
the rights of small toads in the great
internntionnl confiscatory puddle.
* * *
Confiscation hns long since been reduced to a fine art. It is complete in its
efficiency. When thc masters get
through with the slave, there is no juice
loft in his bones. They hffve confiscated
it all. Ho is practically squeezed dry,
like a lemon. And he should not allow
his measly soul to be thrown into conniption fits over tales of confiscation.
He and his kind never hnd anything else
practiced upon them since civilization
was born. All that he aud his economic
tribe eould possibly do would he to put
an end to confiscation once for all, and
instead of he and his fellows suffering
because Of thnt, they would be Immen-
surably the gniners. But from the mu-
onus throat of overy labor skinner and
11  go up n squawk   of
prospeel, that "ill bring
ed in the past, And more especially
is this true when that which has thans-
pired in the past has been nothing short
of n crime, and one fnr which the present has in no manner been responsible
fnr committing. If tho alleged payment
can be shown to be nothing but a penalty resulting from the original crime,
and a penalty that innocent persons of
the present are culled upon to pay,
merely because that crime was committed in thc past, it would appear that
the sooner such alleged obligation was
repudiated the better.
*       *       *
And speaking of debt, it may be well
to mention that all investment belongs
in that category. All stocks, bonds,
mortgages, loans, debentures, cheques,
antes and bills are evidences of debt
which the future is supposed to pay.
Not only that, but the further fiction 'is
also prevalent, that these demands upon
the futuro are to bring to their
holders an added increment in the way
of profit or interest—which is thc same
thing, both boing something gotten for
nothing—and a final payment of tho
principal sum is to be eventually made.
And it is all pure fiction, as may be
readily seen upon examination. All of
this so-culled debt arisen oui of the
ono simple fact, that wealth is seized
by mnstors from Iheir slaves as fast as
the bitter, bring it forth by tlieir labor.
Tho slaves get nothing in return. As
tho woalth thus taken constitutes all
there is that carries exchnnge value, it
is readily seen why the slaves can receive imthing in return for thoir labor.
There is nothing to give them, unloss
the masters should surrender to them
the very products already stolen. To
do this would entirely upset tho ruling
class gnme and nullify its underlying
purpose—that of getting the requisite
material things of life for nothing. And
of course that would not do at all. The
ruling class disposes of the wealth produced by its slaves and taken from
them. Some of it is used to feed the
slaves themselves} somo of it to feed
the pigs and other ruling clnss animals,
both quadruped, biped and reptilian;
snme the masters use up themselves;
and what is left thoy either send to
tho incinerator or invest. But in whatever manner it may be disposed of, it
leaves a trail of credit obligations behind, a noble and gallant array of figures of hypothetical wealth upon bank
ledgers and other financial phantasmagoria, thnt by some peculiar kink ia
slave psychology, is made to appear os
real wealth to which the slaves are morally bound to pay tribute forevermorc.
This enables the rulers and masters to
keep perpetually eating, drinking, wearing and inhabiting, without losing any
weight through the sweat of their own
brows. By this clever and happy financial scheme, tho wenlth that is produced
in the now, is safely convoyed into proper channels (the hands of the ruling
clnss) by tho mathematical ghost of all
that which has been previously stolen,
not only by rulers still living, but by
those already dead, damned and frequently forgotten.
# * *
The id-ea of a working class owing
any other section of human society anything is excruciatingly lucidrous, in
view of the fact that thc workers alone
produce all that it is possible to cither
buy or sell. Even that which is termed
real estate value is solely the product
of labor. It comes into existonce only
through the presence of a wealth-producing population. Put all the capitalists, kings, emperors, kaisers and other
non-producers of wealth and all around
no-goods upon earth, upon the most, fertile acres to bc found, nnd keep the
wealth-producing slaves of modern days
from the neighborhood, and even the
meanest intellect will be nblo to see
that such a locality would afford no
opening for a rent estate office, although it would very speedily develop
into a possible location for a fertilizer
facto.'y to work up the old bones and
other ' ruling class fragments, with
wliich the hand of starvation would assuredly ornament the landscape. The
working class owes nothing to the master class except its complete and emphatic repudiation. Its entire philosophy of rule and robbery and deceit and
flimflam and humbug and hypocrisy
should be repudiated und thrown into
thc discard by the working class. r&Tt
must be so disposed of if that class is
to ever attain its freedom from rule,
robbery nnd misery. All hail to the
Bolsheviki in its noble attempt to blaze
the trail and show the way.
unilio
And also this:
CLEVELAND. 0.—In the course of a description, in the Cl-veland Plain Dealer of
the plan which the war department hai
adopted for the medical and surgloa treat
ment of men who are ruled physically unfit
for military service, Dr. John H. Quayle, the
Wig ator of the plan, claims that it marks
tffbubnifll of a now Bra in tho practice
6'#e pl!tt includes not only the employ
muni of army surgeons, but also a modical
advisory board for each draft district, a
■earchlng phyplo»l examination ».«fr "i«
within the draft age and any medical or sur-
bonoflciary of the ruling clnss gu
confiscation
ngony at  th
fears of sympathy from even the sum
lest sinner in tho confiscatory gang.
And smnll wonder, for the whole delee-
tublo caboodle will honceforth be compelled to "eat their bread in the sweat
of their brow," instend nf ns now getting it by the flimflnm of legality under
the actuality of confiscation, whieh is
but nnother nnme fnr just plain theft.
THE INTIMATED intention of tho
Bussian Bolsheviki to repudiate
the debt contracted by previous
governments of that country has caused
quite a flutter of alarm in tho dovecote nf ruling clnss
THB ALARMINOthieves. And that
SPECTRE OF alarm is amply justi-
REPUDIATION. fled, for if 'such a
precedent were mice
established and followed out (<i its logi*
lal conclusion, the entire superstructure
of bourgeois flimflam nnd swindle
would crash to the ground, nnd the soft
snnp of living on the plunder taken
from slaves under the pretense of payment and tho humbug of money, be
brought to nn end. The human mind
lius never been obsessed with a more
grotesque fancy than tliat'cmbodied in
the peculiarly ruling class conception
of debt and payment, Nothing could
bo more absurd than the idea that tiny
person or persons of the present could
owe nnything to nny other person nr
persons—that could be measured in
terms of either ennh, credit nr exchange
—for anything that muy have transpir-
'he Edmonton uuiietin nns not noticed any slump in the price of fish on
the prniries since it was announced thnt
the Dominion government would pay
two-thirds of the express charges from
Pacific ports. "If tbo govornment is
paying tho express charges it ought to
find out who is pocketing the monoy,"
says the Bulletin.
Somo 37,434 Americnn casualties nre
reported us a result of the wnr during
thc yoar 1917. Not as a result of the
war in Europo, however, but as a result of the war commonly termed peaceful industry, und in the stute of Maryland alone. It looks us though the battlefields of Europe have nothing on the
American fields of peaceful industry
when it comos down tn killing, wounding nnil maiming.
Tho king, while laboriously norambu-
luting through one of tho wnr hospitals
recently, enme across a fragmentary
hero, minus bolh legs. These job-chasing requisites had been Bitot off by the
wicked nnd autoerntic Ifttiis. "My poor
fellow, I am sorry for you," quoth the
king. And grent wns the joy of the
aforesaid fragment, therent. His soul
was filled, at least momentarily, with
an ineffable ifliss.   His legs are still off.
The office boy, having surreptitiously
read the "Finished Mystery," thnt
wicked bonk nf Pnstor Busaoll'a thnt
hns caused such a flutter in the gnvern-
entnl democratic hen coop of this enlightened "self-governing" Cnnnda of
"ours," declares that it cannot be understanding^' read without using the
Bible as u reference bonk. In viow of
this it rather looks as though those
large calibre statesmen nt Ottawa hud
banned tho wrong book.
Although it appears that General
Robertson nnd a coterie of big military
bugs have revolted against the government, nnd refuse to longer play militnry
ball, the common soldier is hereby
wnrned ngninst attempting anything of
the kind, with the expectation of getting by with it. When it comes down
to being a "conscientious objector," a
grent deal depends upon whether you
are a militnry high-up or n low-down
ns to whether you get awny with it nr
not,
for unpatriotic utterances. A few moro
solar plexus swats like that and autocracy will go to the ropes too groggy
for further mischief, and the benoficient
sun of democracy will shine upon both
sides of the street, henceforth und forever and a day.
Since Sumuel Gompers hus gone over
to the Jingo party in the United Stntes
he seems to have been putting in most
of his time killing Germany with his
mouth. He is making a grent boast of
tho fact that he "wns always a peace
man, belonging to evory peace movement in tho world, but when war broke
out, could not got out of them quick
enough." Needless to say this statoment "always briiigp the house down"
—providing thc "house" is composed
of Big Business.—Australian Worker.
Work is the gospel nf Blaves, There
is no othor living thing flint is foolish
enough to do it. All other things animate appear to live for tho mere joy of
living. Slaves live to work. Misery
is their port inn when out of work.
Supreme joy comes only through a
steady job. Queer animals, to be sure.
Even an ass, the generally accepted
symbol of slupidify. has better sense
than to work voluntarily. He has to be
il riven to it with n club, The slnve will
drive himself und tho more he sweats
and his bones ache, Ihe nearer his approach In ii condition of extreme benefit udc.
A Seattle preacher suggests that
ide Bam nnninandeor ull the churches
and turn them into barracks for army
units. Wo would second the motion if
wo woro real sure that the suggestion
did not como from snme pulpitloss sky
pilot who has been led to oll'er it more
through pique than patriotism. We nro
long on the bitter, and almighty short
ou "tho former. Thai's how, and why
nnd wherefore. But ils a good idea all
the same. At least they would be then
put to no worse use than is usually tho
luso, It certainly can be no worse tn
Odvo shelter to an army than to put up
pious excuses for its murderous business and long prayers for its success
at it.
According to tho annual report of the
children's court of New York city for
the year 1917, tbere were but 14,5.10
childron haled before that august tribunal during the year. There wns n
very perceptible increnso of crime
among children during the closing
months of thc year,'duo to scarcity of
food and fuel. Presumably tho youngsters had to go out and stenl in order
to keep from starving to death. Take
it all around, it is not a bad showing
for tho richest nation on earth, now is
it? Wouldn't it bo something fierce if
wo hnd no ono to look out for us by
governing us? We would all become
criminals, both kids and grown-ups, if
it were not, for those whom divine providence hath thus appointed to the task
of ruling nnd robbing us. There is
little doubt about that.
Mr. Rolond Sloter Morris, who
watches over Uncle Sum's interests in
Japan, and who is described as "of
good old Philadelphia Quaker stuck,"
recently addressed a nieeting of the
America-Japan socioty. In the course
of his remarks, ho said: "We are not
fighting for democrncy in nations, but
for democracy umong nations. We ere
demanding for overy nation, great and
small, the right of national self-development." We now begin to see the point.
Democracy nmong nations in arranging
world affairs, with the road left open
within the nntion to deal with I. W.
W.'s and other disturbers of the present order, in true democratic fashion,
if deemed advisable by the notional and
international democrats. Thnt mnkes
thc mattor much clearor and greatly increases our sorrow at being too old and
dnadruffy to enlist for active service at
the front in the noble cause.
The severest blow given to Prussinn-
ism during thc past week was d-elivered
by thc United Stntes authorities at
Ayer, Mnss. William Nimke, of Tor*
ringtail, Conn., sergeant at Camp Do-
vens, was given a thirty-year sentence
Tho Industrial Worker, of Seatlte,
gives tho following interesting classification, as to nationality, of tho 166
members of the I. W. W. now being entertained in the Cook county jail at tho
oxpense of tho greatest, most modest
and unselfish democracy that the world
has yot known. Americans, 77; British,
29; Canadians, 2; Australians, 1; Italians, 8; Russinns, 3; Portuguese, 1; Serbians, 1; Scandinavians, 7; Spanish, 8;
Finns, 5; Polos, 4; Bohemians, 3; Lithuanians, 2; Hollanders, 2; Swiss, 1; Bulgarians, 2; Austrinns, 4; Germans, 3;
Hungarians, 4. It would appear from
this that wickedness is somewhat international in character. And there can
be no grenter wickedness than thnt
which manifests itself in sinful rovolt
ngainst tho rulo uud robbery perpetrated
upon tho enslaved workors of the earth
at tho hands of thc blood-thirsty nnd
loot-hungry pirates tbat now boss the
holy show of civilization.
Without, Labor, capital is au idle
and profitless tool," snys the New Age
(London). Capital is not a tool, oither
with or without labor. It merely expresses a socinl relation, the relation
between mnsters and slaves. The earlier
mnsters of slaves were known ns slave
owners. The next to follow were termed
feudal lords. The present delectable
outfit consists of capitalists. While the
outward form of slavery hus changed
n appearance, in essence it is exactly
now what it was in tho duy of the
ancient slavo empires. And in neither
of the three stages mentioned could the
ownership of slnves, or lhat which gave
expression to It, be properly termed n
tool. It mny be u swindle and lie, but
nevor a tool, The overlordship of the
old-time slave-muster, the feudal buroii
Inter on, und the capitalist now, are
identical. All three havo been cut from
tho same piece. And the social relationship expressed has been identical
in ench case. And yet under the first
and second thore wus no protonso mnde
that the mnstors ruled iu the nnme of
a tool. But now because masters pretend to rulo by virtue of tools and np-
pliaaces that they claim to have obtained through ' * thrift and abstinence, '' shallow-pates aad sarfacc-
skimmors take it for grnnted-thnt their
"capital" is actually a tool, when as
a mutter of fuct it is merely their
self-legalized powor to hold labor in
chains and appropriate tho product of
its toil and sweat. The New Ago hnd
better bo born again.
Karl Leibknocht, a socialist member
of tho German reichstag, mado a May-
Day speech to a large crowd of working people and others in Berlin, once
upon a time not long ngo. In the
course of his remarks he very severely
scored the autocratic governmont of
Germany and gave utterance to many
truths bearing upon the presont war
and the manner in which the common
peoplo hnd been cajoled and driven to
theri slaughter and undoing. The brutal rulers of Germany immediately
seized Leibknocht and gave him a sentence of throo years in prison, which
wns subsequently raised to four and a
half. A conscript slave of tho United
Statos, at tho corral known as Camp
Lewis, gave expression to the hope that
B.G. FEDERATION OF LABOR
Official Statement
[By A. S. Wells, Syc-Trens.]
During tho month since tho convention,
the executive has nut been hHb. Many matters pertaining tu the work u( the Federation have been attended to, some of which
cannot  as yet  be full*  reported upon.
Recognizing thtt one of the two basic industries of the province is yet unorganized,
and that a good many callings in different
parts of the province are us yet unorganised,
tho exocutive has taken this aspoct of the
movement  into  consideration.
Tlio basic industry referred to is the lumber industry, and whilo the function of the
Federation is not ono of organizing, yet the
executive recognizes that with greater industrial organization tho Federation would ho
stronger,
With this object in view the executive has
already taken steps to have these worksrs
organized, making certain proposals to the
A. F. of L, and to the international .unions
affected, The progress made will bo reported from lime to time.
Thd legislative cummilteo of the Federation will wait oii the govornment on Tuesday. March 12, when the legislative programme laid down at the last and preceding
Convention will bo placed before the government.
Tlio prog ra in i ue of tin- Federation will bo
placed in the hands ol uvery inembor of tho
provincial house, in order that thoy may lie
conversant wilh the needs nnd requirements
of  their constituents.
I.egislntiv ■ matters in collection with the
federal house havo been referred to Ihe
executive of the Trades and Labor (..ingress
of Cnnnda. Secretary Draper replies thnt
thoy will be dealt with forthwith,
The re fe rendu in re lho raiding of the per
onpitn tnx, etc, end tho ainpndtng tho constitution in other directions have been in the
linndB of the locnls for some little time now.
Ki'tuins are slowly coming in and denote
Mini they will he adopted hy the membership.
Iu regiml to the raising of tllO per capita,
il has been brought lo my liotlco that somo
locals think that Hie ralso is a large one.
If thev will only consider Hint their members, for the sum of 80'cents per year, or a
little over a cent a week, will receive every
week u copy of Tho H, (!. Fedorationist,
whicli is acknowledged ns the bost Labor
paper on tlio continent, then I think thoy
will ngrao with mc when 1 stnte that the
raise, in proportion lo the bcnellt received,
is very moderate.
Legislation wliich is being introduced in
the houso is receiving every consideration
by the executive. Legislation in the Interests of the working people of the province
will lie supported by them, tlio rest of it
will  receive  their opposition.
Tho exocutive will tnke up the question
of the enforcement of tho Shops Regulation
Act, this matter having beon referred to
them  by the Retail Clorks'   Association.
Recognizing tho forco of closer organization, and being in receipt of n letter from
ono of the legislative board of the Railroad
Brotherhoods, the executivo has decided to
see if it is not possible to gst these organiza-
t ions hlilltutod, or failing that, in the meantime, joint action. To Ihis end, every railroad organization in Ihe provinco wns circularized, the results to dale nro vory satisfactory, and it may be possible that a joint
deputation will wait on the government on
the  12th  inst.
the Germans would win in the present
wnr. The kindly servants of tho poople
of thnt democratic bind, i.e. tlio governmont, gave tho conscript n sentence of
21 yoars in tho penitentiary, ns nn nd-
vanced nnd intelligent npprcciation of
his right to express his democratic
opinion in a ■democratic country second
to noiio on oarth. The difference between thc brutal and reactionary autocracy of unenlightened Germany and the
kindly aud progressive democracy of nn
enlightened nnd altruistic republic, is
thus clearly set forth. And happy indeed will tho German people be when
tho Ahiericnn eagle arrives at Berlin
with the olive branch of democratic
"kultur" and uplift in its beak.
Tho following press item sponks not
only for itBelf, but volumes for tho
dangerous character of a certain well-
known type of "Labor leader" nnd
"Labor policy," to tho interests of
rulers * and ruling-class institutions.
From such indications mny be judged
the peculiar virtue of such "loaders"
and "Lnbor policies," viewed from
tho standpoint of the enslaved nnd exploited wnge victims of class rulo.
"LONDON, Feb. 23.—King George,
Queen Mary, tho Princo of Wales,
and Princess Mary inspected u
bronzo panel, "The Triumph of
Labor," which is to be sent to tho
United States as a gift of tho organized workers of Great Britain to
the organized workers of tho United
Statos. King Georgo asked especially
about Samuel Gompers, prosidont of
tho American Fedoration of Labor,
whoso career and work for tho cause
of Labor, he said, he greatly admired."
With such a manifestly sincore acknowledgement of Samuel's worth to
the ruling class, surely no fretful wage
slave will longer bo sufficiently captious
to cast the shadow of doubt upon his
superlative virtuo as a champion of democracy and a staunch defender of
honest labor against arrogant capital
and the tyranny of autocratic rulers.
And such an attitudo appenrs to be
tho ono most satisfactory to the rulers
thomselves, so why should not the
slnves bc satisfied and greatly pleased
thoroat? It would bo quite interesting
to nlso havo the Germnn kaiser's valuation of tho great mon. The ense would
no doubt thon be complete.
When an editor speakB it is time for
everybody olBe to shut up and do nothing more noisy thnn listening.   A ono-
candle-power    editorial     inenndosoenl
down   in  Ohio    recently    addressed   u
chamber of commerce, aud   told that
council of modern bandits   a   let   of
things   that   wero   going   to   happen
"after the ball is over," i.e. the present  militnry function  that is now on
in Europe.    Among thc other interesting revelations mndo by this brilliant,
the following choice selection is well
worthy of   preservntion    in tlie joko
bonk of Ihe future. In spenking of what
is going on in Germany today, he snid:
"Production hns been  enormously
increased and tnking wnr conditions
into account, coats have boon enormously decroased.   If this industrinl
machine is intact at tho close of the
war, we Bhall Bee a competition for
world markets   such   as was never
dronmod of in the past, with  Germany prepared to undersell all tho
nations of the earth."
At first glance it would appear thnt
all that is to be won by this war is
merely a much tougher job to mako a
living, but come to think it ovor a
great load is lifted from our weak
mind. With a nation of supermen able
and so minded as to "undersell nil the
nations of the earth," it will be cheiip-
or for tho other "nations" to buy whnt
they require than to produco it. Anybody can soe thot. And then think
how much easier it will be. We used
to think thut Alice in Wonderland was
some economist, but this Ohio cditorinl
gink has brought n new light unto us.
We demnnd peace instanter. Lot us
havo it before anything happens to that
marvelous Germnn industrial machine
to blast the hope, implanted in our
breast by tlio aforesaid oditorial illu-
minnnt, of the dawn of that happy dny
when we will no longer need to work,
b.it will have our wants supplied by
the Industrious Germans so chonply that
we will senrcoly notice the expense,.
"Tho trnvoller standing amid the
ruins of ancient citios nnd empires Boeing on ovory side tho fallen pillnr and
tho prostrate wall asks why did theso
cities fall, why did thoso citios crumble?
and the ghost, of the past, tho wisdom
of tho ages answer: "Theso temples,
theso palaces, these cities, the ruins of
which you stand upon, woro built by
tyranny and injustice. Tbo hands that
built them wero unpaid. The backs that
bore tho burden also bore tho murks of
tho lash. Thoy were built by slaves to
satisfy thc vanity nnd ambition of
thieves nnd robbers. For these rcusons
they arc dust. Thoir civilization wns u
lie. Their lows merely regulated robbery and established theft. Thoy bought
and snld tho bodies of men, and tho
mournful wind of desolation, sighing
around their crumbling ruins, is a voice
of prophetic warning to those who
would repent the infamous experiment,
uttering fhe great truth, that no nntion
founded upon slavery, oither of body or
mind, can stand."—From Bobt. G. Ingersoll on "Doom of Empires."
And modern cities nnd empires nro
builded tn thc sumo manner. Tlie bunds
that build thom are still unpaid. There
is no other way that cities und empires
cnn be built excopt by slaves. There
is no other motive for their building
than to satisfy the needs, the requirements, thc ambition and the vanity of
(Moves and robbers. It is now ns it
over was, that all civilization based
upon human slavery is a Ho. Its laws
morely regulate established robbery nnd
theft. It is as true of present civilization as it was of thoso ancient cities
and empires that have crumbled and
gono. And this will pass away in like
manner, nnd for the same renson. In
sheer suicidal mania it is oven now hastening the process, by way of tlio
bloody path in Europe. Mny strength
bo given its arm to finish tho job.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, March 10—Musicians,
Sawyers nnd Filers, Sum' Filers
Association,
MONDAY^, March 11—Eloctrical
Workors, Btiilerhiakers, Steam
Engineers, Amalgamated Engineers, Pattern Makers, Mill
and Factory Workers, U. B. of
Carpentors No. 1)17, Street Itnil-
wnymon 's executive, Iron
Workers, Brotherhood Locomotive Engineers.
TUESDAY, Mnrch 12—Amalgamated Carpenters, Stone Cutters, Pressmen, Barbers, Machinists No. 777, Upholsterers.
WEDNESDAY, March 13—Metal
Trades Council, Stroot Rnil-
waymon, Machinists ' Ladies
Auxiliary, Stereotypers, Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, March 14—Shoot
Motnl Workers, Painters, Shipwrights und Caulkers, Machinists No. 1S2.
FRIDAY, March 15—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Birdgebuilders,
Railway Cnrmen, Granite Cutters, Civic Employees, Molders,
Warehousemen, Minimum Wago
League Whist Drive and Danco.
SATURDAY, Mnrch 16—Blacksmiths, Bakers.
Dentistry!
Crowns. Bridges and Fillings
made the same shade as yoa own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings 7:80 te 8:30.
Dental nurse Id attendance.
(JOB.   OBANVILLE   ANO   BOBSON
STBEETS
Over Owl Drug Store *
Phone Sey. 6238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
J. Edward Sean     Offlce: Sey. 4111
SEARS & PATTON
Barriiteu, Solicitor., Conveyancer., Etc.
Victoria ud Vancouver
Vancouver Offloe: 510*7 Rogera Bids.
 VAKOODVBE, B. O.
THE
INCOBPOBATED
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Assets ....
Deposits
..584,000,000
.. 63,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
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A JOINT Savings Account
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names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Corner Hastings and OamWe Sts.
The Bank of British North America
Bitotllihal la 183S
Branches throughout Canada and  it
NEW YORK, 8AN FRANCISCO AND
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—SAVE TOUB MONEY-
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OranviUe and Fender
STABT A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
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Tbe Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
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banking Bervice, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings de-
posits.
W. 0. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Cupitol Paid-up  $ 12,911,700
Eosorve Fund ond Undivided Profits    14,664,000
Total Amets  336,000,000
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410 branches ln Canada, Natrfdtmdland, Weft Indies, ete, of which IM
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SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits tefnlarlj—oar, every payday.  Intereat credited half-yearly.  No delay In withdrawal. FRIDAY...
...March 8, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of March llth
The play with a Laugh,
a Tear, a Thrill every
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"The Woman
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See Edythe Elliott in
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Prices—16c, 80c, 40c
ORPHEUM
Week of March llth
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KITAMORA   TBIO
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■'IN  THE DARK"
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LEW   BEED  AND  THE
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LUCILE AND COOKIE
■TOP" ANSON AND CHARMING
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Evenings:    15c,   30c,  40c,   55c,
Matinees: 15c. 20c. 30c. 65c
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KINOAID  KILTIES
 Other Big Feajgrea	
The Woman He Married
Whon Herbert Bashford wrote hia wonderful pl^y, "Tho Womnn Ho Married," ho took
for hts llii'im* ii problem of vllul intorest to
ovory household in tho land. Evory couplo
who get married, picture the future in nothing but rosy dreams of happlnesB, and
think life will always be one long sweet endless song. Statistics prove that 00 per cent,
nf these dreams terminate within tho flret
flvo years of married life. And why! Un-
consciously the husband and wifa drift further away from each other, until tho waters
of contentment have flown away, and loft
nothing but an unbridgeablo chasm of indifference, and again, why? If you were to aak
the husband or wife they would each tell
that It was the other's fault, but tho truth
of the whole matter is—well, you'll have to
see "Tho Woman He Married" to solve thie
perplexing problem. ,
NOT  KID-GLOVED
IN  PROPAGANDA
(Continued from page 1)
you aro taboo, nobody wants you from
this dato henceforth and forever.''
Wbo Pays for It All, Anyway?
And there is another feature of this
campaign which was to continue for
three days. The ordinary individual
could not but see tho big half-pago advertisements appearing in the daily
press, and thut at the foot of those adB.
there appeared tho significant words
that the ad. had been prepared by the
Crawford-Harris Agency. Now tho
Crawford-Harris Agency memberB aro
not in the advertising game for their
health, neither aro tho newspapers publishing big sheets every day just for the
fun of the thing. Both are conducted
upon practical business lines, and it
therefore goes without saying that both
the Crawford-Harris advertising agency
und the throe Vancouver dailies, not to
mention the other dailies and weeklies
nnd monthlies nre, jit plain language,
"on tho mnko."
Will tho sponsors of the Patriotic
Fund come out into tho opon and say
who is paying for this advertising?
Timo for Government to Act
The fact of tho mattor is that the
ordinary citizen is sick unto death of
all this alleged patriotism at tho expense of other peoplo. It is tho easiest
thing in tho world to flap the flag nnd
hurl defiance at the foo when ono does
it bohind someono rise's back. It is as
eusy as falling off a log to shout "Fight
or Pay," or "Half a million in threo
days," whenever ono knows that their
shnre of the transaction is negligible.
Yot tyat is juat what the majority of
the employers of Vancouvor havo often
doing, and both havo done it unblush-
ingly and without twisting their elbow,
except backwards.
With Herbert Ahies, of rotten boot
fame, ut ono end mid some western magnates at the othor, on the Pacific slope,
cnn any surprise bo expressed that tho
working man, who holds that his family
flrst needs his attention, should tell the
fund and its managers to go to—I
The wonder is that in face of the vile
reek that has emanated from tho various offices of this fund, its officials
should daro to go to the public with
thoir shibboleths and quips that have
boon colored to catch the unwaryf
Organized labor has consistently and
insistently demanded that this fund bo
collected and administered by thc federal government, und that the soldiors'
dependents bo paid what is justly due
them without the necessity of inquisition committees to probe into the pri-
vnto affairs of thoso who must humilii-
nte themselves by accepting the presont
form of charity, in order to keep body
und soul together. In fnct, tho action
of Vancouver Trades and Lnbor council,
in which it notified tho federnl government thnt unless the fund was takon
ovor by it on Dec. 1 last, it would no
longer ndviso its membership to contribute, hns boen endorsed almost universally throughout the provinco. Inasmuch as absolutely no movo has boen
mado by the govornment in that direction, trado unionists will know what to
do. Further, no employer has any legal
right to deduct tribute to this fund
without tho pertnission of the employee, If there must bo a show-down,
lot it be now.
Attitude of the Ooal Miners
The United Mine Workers of District No. 18, in convontion nt Fernie,
havo gono on record as opposed to the
maintenance of the Canadian Patriotic
Fund by public subscription. Thoy
voiced their opinion that tho dependents should be provided for by tho
Dominion governmoat "instend of being subject to tho voluntary contribution system which savors of charity."
PAGE FIVE
VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND
Federationist BepjelentatlTe:   A. MeVariah, Labor Temple, Victoria, B. O.
Deputation Meets Attorney-
General and Puts CJase
Before Him      •
to
Charles Lestor to Speak
Charles Lestor, who haB Just returned from
Alaska, will deliver a lecture in tho Colonial
theatre, Granville and Dunsmuir, Sunday evening at 8 o'clock. The subject of the lee
turo is "Tho International Situation " Admission froe.
Government   May  Try
Swipe Glory from Mrs.
Ralph Smith
VICTORIA, March 7.—Tho Minimum
Wago lengue of Vancouver on Wednesday morning, with representatives of
othor organizations, met Attorney-General Farris and pressed for tho onall-
mont of a minimum wngo luw for women, wliich Mrs. Ralph Smith, M. L.
A., of Vnncouver, desires to introduce,/
and whieh the women of tho provinco
generally spenking, desire she, as tho
lirst arid only woman elected to the
legislature in this provinco, shall introduce,
Tho attornoy-goneral osproBsed his
being in fnvor of sueh a measure as is
proposed, but there is a feeling among
several women in the Labor movement
that the government, recognizing tho
importance of the measure, and tho popularity of it, desires to introduce it
through one of the ministers and thus
reap whatever glory may bo accumulated from tho fact.
As minister of labor, Attorney-General Farris, in the -event of the government not pormitting Mrs. Smith to
mother tho bill, would introduce it no
doubt, but, under the circumstances, it
is doubtful if any credit for it could
bo claimed by tho government, for it is
a measure which originated with the
working class, members of which, male
and femalo, have been contending for
such a law for years.
Among those who addressed tho attorney-general was Miss Helena Gutteridge of Vancouver, who inade an eloquent plea for womanhood, and for the
underpaid slaves of department stores
who, by reason of their wages not boing sufficient to feed and clothe them,,
of dire necessity become delinquents,
and find thnt the laws of moderuftcivi-
lizotion compel them to prostitute themselves to keep body and soul together.
As outlined to tho attorney-general,
the women seeking tho minimum wage
law, desire it to bo administered by a
commission without pay, this commission to bo composed of the deputy min-
ister of labor, and, four women who
shnll periodically investigate the cost of
living with a view of adjusting tho
minimum wage for womon to meet the
changed living conditions. It is not
thought the government is very keen
for an administration by a commission
for, under such arrangement, especially
in light of tho fact that no snluries go
with tho commissionerships, the -^ob
would not bo enticing to tho nverage
politician, male or female.
History is littlo else than a picture
of human crimes and misfortunes.—
Voltaire.
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Expect Inquiry Commission
to impartially Probe
Shipyards Affairs
VICTORIA, March 0.—Considerable
satisfaction is evidenced among local
labor officials over reports nt hand as
the full powers that will be given
E&mnmission of investigation into
the shipyards troubles. Thc broader
tho scope of this commission the more
satisfied will bo all the unions involved
in tho recent dispute. That no board
of inquiry can go too deeply into local
shipyard matters is tho conviction of
Victoria labor men; and if tho board
that will couveno this week under the
chairmanship of Mr. Justice Murphy,
will examine impartially into that sanctum sunctprum of the shipyards' manufacturer—profits—profits made in mate-
Hal handled by tho various companies,
as well as the profits of the building
companies themselves, Victoria workers
arc content to rest by tho verdict.
The worker in these times who dares
ask for a wage in excess of $5 per
diem, does so at the imminent risk of
being charged with "profiteering" and
as displaying a lack of tho proper "patriotic" spirit, notwithstanding the difficulty ontailed of maintaining a proper
standard of living even at the best
of present day wages. So if tho newly-appointed commission of investigation will enter into thoir field of inquiry with the declared purpose of conducting a full and complete investigation of all issues in which not only
the workers, but tho public as woll aro
vory much concerned, it is felt that disclosures will follow which shall clearly
indicate who are profiteers and who
may bo properly charged with lack of
patriotism.
By all means let there be a thorough
investigation.
OF
Holds Wine Cup of Democracy to Parched Lips of
Key Pounders
VICTORIA, March ; 6.—Press dispatches at hand indicate that employeos
in the federal government telograph
servico have beon conceded tho right
to organizo and ally themselves with
their craftsmen in the commercial services already organized. This will be
a big step forward for tho governmont
operators, one gained only after several hionths of intensive campaigning
on the part of thc employees' representatives, a campaign in which British
Columbia key-poundors took a prominent part all over the province. And
now that they havo achieved this, thoir
initial victory, it is to be hoped that
thoy will continuo the fight along lines
of further progress. In this connection
much good work mny bo done as re-
gnrds wago adjustment, particularly
where adjustment is necessnry in the
case of snlnries aald men operntors nnd
women operators. It hns long been a
scandal of the government service that
women operators are paid considerably
loss thnu male employees though both
classes of operators ure doing identically the same kind of work. Thoroughly competent wolnen operntors with
long yenrs of faithful nnd creditable
service to tlieir records, iu some in-
stances In complete chnrge of stations,
arc boing puid less than a mule beginner. Such a condition of affairs is
manifestly unjust und is an abuse that
has been extant in tho governmont service over a long period of yenrs, nnd
one thnt tho newly-organized union
should give its immediate attention to.
To begin such a work it need not go
far afield—the Vnncouver Islnnd servico will afford the union several cases
of where women operators ure considerably 'underpaid.
UNION BAKERS DENY NEED
OF RAISING BREAD PRICES
Winnipeg Journeymen BakeM M»y Go Into
Business on Tlieir Own Account
Wlnnlpog linker's union does not ngraa
witli lho KtntonioniN which the mauler bakers
linvo buon glvlnif out In reference to tho nooil
for advancing lho price of broad. Thoy do
not agree'aa to tho number of loaves whicli
a givon (lunntity of flour producca, nor that
the now standard flour produces lorn* loaves
to tho sack than did tho article previously
Used by tho bakery enncorns.
Whilo the price of broad In being Increased
tho baking companies are dispensing with
some of their export workora. Thla combination of events Ih suggesting to tho journeymen bakers that thoy could very well take a
hand In the broad making business on their
account, both to thoir own and their
customers* proflt. At a mooting of tho executive of tho union hold at tho beginning of
tho woek at which tho situation was very
carefully canvassed, It was decided that a
union bakery could bo established to manufacture bread at the old prices and still produco a reasonable margin of proflt.
Mss Gutteridge Addresses
Council on Labor
Matters
VICTORIA, March 6.—-At the regular
meeting of the Vietoria Tradea and Labor
council, hold this evening, roll call disclosed a large percentage of the membership
absent.
Under reports of committees, Del. Taylor,
of tbe Longshoremen, and Del. Peele, of the
Musicians, rendered a roport of their Interview with the attorney-general ln connection
with the Minimum Wage League. The hope
was expressed by tbls committee that their
efforts In thiB .direction would shortly bear
fruit, and that the earnest work of the league
would not go unrewarded. It wns suggested
by Del. Poole that as the council has frequently gono on record as Interested in the
organization of Chinese nnd other Orientals,
the least It could do at all times, was to
display ns koen an interost in tlio organization of all groups of women workors, to the
end that delegations would not need to wait
upon the governmont* in order to securo a decent living wage, but that through organization the same result could bc obtained.
A communication from the Plumbers' local
No. 324, in reference to thc unseating of Del.
Dny of that organization, by the council at
Its last regular meeting, was iviid and aroused
considerable discussion. It was charged In
tho communication read this evening that tho
unseating of Dei. Day waa brought about o^
account of tlio personal animus of a fow
members of this council, and that if tho
same policy was pursued toward other members of this body, Dels. Taylor and Moulton
likewise would be unseated.
During tho discussion that followed, Dol.
Wells heatedly resented tho intimation that
the action of the council hnd been influenced
by personal feeling towards Del. Day, and
explained the recont action of this body
fully In its relation to the matter.
Miss Helena Gutteridge, Vancouver, who
Is a visitor in tbo city In connection with
her work with the Minimum Wago Leaguo
and who wns present at this mooting of the
Trades and Labor Council wns Invited to
address tho meeting, r Hor appenrnnce on
tho floor bofore this body was greeted with
considerable applause nnd In n fow well-
chosen remarks sho reviewed the recent work
of the league of which sho is a member.
Slie dwelt on ihe many handicaps to bo
overcome in orgnnization of tho women workers throughout the industrial world and on
tho difficulties to bo surmounted in order
to secure proper legislation for the benefit
nf women workers generally, citing, ns not
tho leust of those, the prevalent apathy of
government oflicinls towards all legislative
action thnt would land to advance the hiatus
of woman in Iho industrial Hold, such as
shorter hour of work or increnso in pay.
She gave n concise account of the measures
plnood bofore the attorney-genera] today, and
on the olose of her remarks wns given H
hearty applause.
Del, Taylor at tho conclusion of her mi-
dress moved thnt lho council go on record
s uiit|iialjucdly In support of the programme
f which .Miss Gultorldgo was
nrnost a champion, namely the
Delegation Calls on Minister
of Labor and Discusses
the Subject
Given Patient and Friendly
Hearing By Attorney-
General Farris
VICTORIA, March 7.—Several alterations in tho present Half-Holiday
Act were suggested at a meeting of
retail clerks with Attorney-general
Farris, minister of labor, on Wednesday
morning. The deputation, although en-
dosing tho principlo of tho act, asked
for a new clause to provide that all
employees of exempted stores shall have
one day holiday from 1 p.m. each week
and that a list giving tho name of
each omployeo and tho aftornoon ho
would receive bo posted in all exempted stores. The clerks urgod that the
half-holiday provision apply not merely
to employment within a shop but also
outside of it Buch as in the case of
drivers who ordinarily have to work
for a period after others workers ara
done. It was proposed to stiffen the
penalties clauses to provide an alternative to the $10 minimum flne for infractions, said alternative to be $2.50
for each employee in the store, whichever amount was the greater. The alternative for tho second offence was
or $5 for each employee, with $100
for the third offence or $10 for each
employee in the store breaking the
law, whichever sura was the greator.
Tho clerks offered to agreo to the suspension of tho half-holiday on any week
in which a public holiday oceurred,
sueh public holidays to be ChirstmaB,
Good Friday, Victoria Day, Dominion
Day, Labor Day and Thanksgiving;
also for the week provious to Christmas. There wns a division of opinion
among the clerks about suspending the
half holiday during Now Year's week.
A. P. Glen, Vancouver, was spokesman for the delegation, and the othor
members were W. E. Christopher, A.
Porter, J. Renfrew, J. B. McCallum, J.
M. ThomaB, J. Talbot; T. T. Elder, Victoria, and P. Steele, Victoria TradeB
and Labor Council.
YOUTH AND TWILIGHT
"Lot there be light," says restless Youth. "Let mo not walk in darkness, .for the road that I travel is all 'unknown, and I would see, God's
glories as I pass. For me the day is all too short; I needs must have
the light to see my way, and find the hidden answer to the secrets
which life holds." But life for Age has no more mysteries, the only
secret now is safely held) for he who would unfold it must cross the
dread mysterious threshold of Death, and Age is timid. Age craves no
more for light. "The world," it cries, "is i_l of Bhams, and light brings
only illusion, so for a little hour let me sis in twilight, for in the twilight come tho happy memories of tho past, softened and beautified."
The child starts out in life with a mind free from all impressions, like
the virgin pages of an unwritten book, to be Ailed by time with a wonderful story. For it, every minute of every hour of evory day brings
new discovery, fresh eiperionoe. The first book, the first toy, the first
realization of the beautios of tho field and forest, the flrst sound of the
singing of birds and the lowing of cattle, all these aro adventures tho
wonder of which can nevor be equalled by anything that happens in
later years. And so tho child loves tho light, and dreads thc darkness
ond thc twilight, for tho darkness is full of tho terrors of tho unknown -
and of imagination, while in tho twilight familiar things take on
strange shapes, and torror lurks on overy hand. "Let there be light,"
cries tho child. "Lot mo not dwell in darkness."
But somo thoro bo, thoir namo is legion, who aro doomed from birth to
dwell in perpetual twilight. For them tho marvels of God's earth are
novor disclosed; doniod thom is tho greatest lmppinoss nnd comfort of
childhood, tho sight of a mother's loved features. The thrill of adventure they cnn novor know, its plnco must bo tnkon by (ho longing .which
comes from listoning to tho stories of marvellous things seen by another.
I know of such a ono. Born twenty-two years ago in Austrnlin. She
hnd never seen hor fellow-crouturos, oxcopt "as trees walking." She
hod always had to depend upon tho oyoB of othors to guide hor steps, nnd
tho book of naturo's wonders was scaled to her. Her mother hnd taken
hor to mnny opticians, specialists and oxports, but in every enso their
verdict wns tho snme, "abandon hopo." Never, thev snid, would she
roalizo tlio light of day; but gradually tho twilight whorcin Bho dwelt
would become more dim, until presently would'-bomo night, and tho rest
of hor days would bc Bpent in utter darkness.
Coming to this city, in tho course of hor search for succor, tho mothor
chanced to attend a lecture given by Dr. A. McKny Jordnn, nt tho Lnbor
Templo. Struck by the testimony offered, both by living peoplo upon
tho platform, and by photographs thrown upon the screen; yot scarcely
daring to hopo, she took hor daughter to Dr. Jordan's offlce. Ho held
out littlo hope in the face of what so many othors hod said; but for two
years ho worked upon hor caso, studying hor eyes, endeavoring to trace
tho errors which naturo had mudo whon they wero formed, and to flnd
tho exact quality and curve of lens, which would sorvo to correct or
counteract thoso errors. Six months ago Dr. Jordan had his reward,
when unled, this young lady who had been repeatedly told thot sho waa
doomed to livo In perpetual gloom, walked into his offlce and nnnoenced
that she could see.
The namo is withheld from publication by request, but tho lady in
quostion, nnd hor mother, will both be only too pleasod to verify the
truth of theso statements.
EMPTY TITLES
Notice to Advertisers
On and after April 6th advertising
rates in Tbe Federationlit will Iw
materially increased, Tbis because of Increased coat of production due, ln part, to increased
circulation.
B. PARM.  PETTIPIECE.
Manager
Vancouver, Feb 28., 1018.
Tho yearly cost to Great Britain to maintain royalty runs Into many billions of
pounds. And yet, Oreat Britain Is as democratic in practical world affairs as tbe most
democratic country ou earth. "The king
is only a figurehead," we are told. "He hns
nothing to do with the practical end of thto
nation." Evon so. But it Is an awful price
tho Empire has to pay for a mere foible
handod down from the old feudal daya. Today, when tbo world Ib crying aloud in
ngony against autocracy, and tho British Empire leads in tile great fight for democracy,
our autocratic rulers persist in the policy
of feudal days of showering titles upou Canadians, as a means, no doubt, of subtly
reminding us of the autocratic power behind
our democracy.
But thore is a growing distaste in Canada
against this practice, and there will bo something doing in tbis Canada of ours when the
war ends. In the Toronto Saturday Night,
in concluding a criticism of tbe title busl-1
ness, the editor saya; "It would be well if
a publlo enquiry was hold re titles. Who
recommends themt How they oome to bo
granted) . . . .The people of Canada are
entitled to this information. They are demanding that the whole business be investigated. If our governor-general i has a hand
in Buch matters he should be cautioned to
go Blow, or better yet, to stop, There Ib a
taint of commercialism and partisan politics
about a great many of these Imperial honors.
If tbey aro sometimes procurod through a
party boss, as is pretty well (established already, or if thoy aro given for generous contribution to campaign funds, tho public
should be told. In tho meantime our government might tell King Oeorg-3 nnd his advisors that a docreo should bo issued governing Imperial titles in Canndn, to tho offect
that thoy terminate with the death of thoir
present owners.    King George should bo In
formed that Canadians believe 'every herring should hang by Its own tall, and every
tub Btand on its own bottom,' "—Enderby
Press.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Ample
VAHOOUVEB. B. O.
—He.dqu.rkr. for Ubor' M«n—
Bates—76c snd 11.00 per dty.
12.50 per week snd np.
Oafs at BaaaonaDie Baits
Speed and Satisfaction
With the Telephone
Action is tho essence of the contract
these days. Action means speed. We
seo it every day in the steady increase
in the number of motor cars in oae,
People want tb movo quickly, to settle
mattora promptly.
All the more should tho telephone be
appreciated. Nothing Is more satisfactory for It delivers the message and re*
turns the answer Immediately. The
motor may be quick, but the telephone
la much quicker,
*B. 0. Telephone Company, ltd.
TOTJ'BE    THE    JUDGE I
of the statement that our Offlce Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock is the best
In li. C. Come in and look us overt
617 VIEW ST.
\
curing of
workers,
onded by Dol, sivertz.
an the proper functions
Ioh   nnd   labor   council
in: adoqunte legislation
woman workora.   Th •
i-ns carried with but onc diMonjlng
ol.    Mtmll.in    Wini:    nf    lho    Opinion
►wago legislation would not bo tho
nl our present Industrial ovIIb.
council wns stilt in cession nt the
t this report wus mnde.)
Tito council further went on record at
being opposed to tlie recent federnl order-in-
council ns expressed by the Cnnndinn con-
Hor ns nn nttaiiml lo ropulato the religious
thought nnd rending of tlie Cnnndinn people.
This nelion wns Induced by governmental
suppression Of Ihe posthumous work of the
latQ Pnstor RuB&ell, The Finished Mystery,
whicli tins received much publicity in the
sh of Cnnnda during the past fow weeks.
In   this   he  WttB   se
who dwelt ni length
nnd duties of n Im
iLli respect to seeill'i
>r the   l.«n.<tii   of nil
(Th i
Anti-Vaccination League
VICTORIA, Mnrch 0.—In view of the
stand taken .some weeks ago by Victoria Trades and Labor Council us regards compulsory vaccination, it may
intorest readers to know that Del, Hea-
ock reports that thc an ti-vaccination
movement ia steadily gaining ground
among the workers of this city.
Local 440 of Steam and Operating
Engineers hnB gono on record in support of tho Anti-Vaccination Leaguo,
and besides keeping a list open for donations to this body from its members,
has contributed from thc funds of the
union to ita support.
Tho league maintains a bureau ol'
educational and propaganda work and
Is doing much good work.
Members of the International Bible Students' Association are circulating the following petition, and are offering the privilege of signing it to
all who prize that freedom of thought and speech which has long been regarded as a birthright of our race.
If you value religious liberty—the foundation of all true freedom-
then fill in your name and address below, cut out this petition form and
mail to local secretary at either Vancouver or Victoria.
W. TINNEY, P. O. Box 664, Vancouver, B. C.«
I. C. EDWARDS, P. O. Box 1073, Victoria, B. C.
or call and leave same at
244 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Or I. B. S. A. store, 703 Yates Street, Victoria, B. C.
DOMINION OF CANADA
PETITION
To His Excellency the Governor-General in Council:
Tlie petition of tlie undorslgncd loynl residents of Iho Dominion Of Canada
showatht—
That the lutenintinnnl Bible Students' Association is composed of law-abiding porsons and dovout Christian's, who nre seeking the Truth by honest Interpretation of
the Scriptures.
That tho "Hibb* Students Monthly," and tho "Finished Mystery" nre winks pf
religious Instruction used by tho International Biblo Studonts, and are in no respect
whatever seditious or objectionable frota a national standpoint That through error
or misrepresentation, tho publication and possession of theso works have been prohibited by the Government of Canada.
That In tho interest of religious liberty, free speech, aad tho best traditions of
Hritish citizenship, the snid ban should bo lifted.
Your petitioners therefore pray that tho said ban bo lifted, and the free circulation
of the snid works be again permitted ia Canada.
Name .
Address..
THE HIGHEST GRADE TOBACCOS. CIGARETTES,
CIGARS AND  PIPES.
RETAIL
A union card in the pocket of a scab
mado garment would mako an awful
roar if it could only speak.
What is required to ensure that justice shall prevail iB that tho word
'community" be substituted for tho
word "landlord" wherever the latter
word appears.—Joseph Fols.
THE WORKIWCMM1 CUM°
BEST  LIGHTED AND   VENTILATED ROOMS IN
MfKILLO*
OBRrtN
BILLIARDS.- BEST  LIGHTED AND   VENTILATED ROOMS IN   THE CITV.
BRUNSWICK-BALKE AND BURROUGHS & WATTS  TABLES.
VIOTOBIA, B. O. PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA^FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. ., March 8, 1918
Things Handy Men Are Needing
IN THE GARDEN
LIME SULPHUB SOLUTION—
Quart    3*-*    Gallon $1.10
Hnlf gallon    65c   Four gallonB $8.00
ABOL INSECTICIDE—Most valuable for roseB and foliage. Per can   70c
SULPHITE OF NICOTINE—Per can    26c
ZENOLEUM DISINFECTANT DIP—For chickens, dogs, etc., in
tins, ot  30c, 60c, $1.00 and $1.75
IZAL DISINFECTANT—For poultry or household use '    46c
PEATT'S ANIMAL DIP ,.    60c
PRATT '8 GERMATHOL     30c
PRATT'S LICE POWDER—At     30c and 60c
ZENOLEUM LICE POWDER—Price    30c
IZAL LICE POWDER    36c
FOtTILIZERS
Blood Meal, 100 lbs $6.65    Tunkagc, 100 libs $3.60
Bono Menl, 100 lbs $3.65     Globe, 100 fts $3.60
Spencer's Sure Growth—
100 lbs. for  $4*66   50 lbs. for  $2.60
Tins at  60c and 76c
Two Blade Fertiliser, per package    35c
SEED POTATOES
Early Rose, Netted Gem, Gold Cpin, Sutton's Reliance, Dacota Bed.
We have inspection certificates for these potatoes.
100 IBs. for $2.60     25c lbs. for    76c
60 lbs. for  $1.35     12 lbs. for .....'.    60c
The prices nre away below nnything offered, quality considered.
HARDWARE
ROOFING—Comes in rolls which will cover 100 squaro feet; complete
with nnils and cement for laying.   The best values we know. \
l*ply, per roll $1.75
2-ply, per roll  $2.25
3-ply, por roll ? $2.76
CROSS-CUT SAWS—These snwB nro slightly soiled, but othor%ise por-
fect.   They are 6 ft. 6 in. long, and nre of the well-known Welland Vale
brand.     Special price, each  $2.98
COMPRESSION BIBBS or water taps; made of solid brass, polished;
finest  quality;   every  one  guaranteed  against imperfections.      Plnin,
each  :  $1.10
Threaded for hose, ench  $1.25
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Streot
610.Hastings Street West
Royal Stove Repair Works
Bepairs for all Stoves, Furnaces,
Colls, Connections, etc.
New and  Bor,ond-hand stovos bought,
sold   and exchanged
Phone Sey, 6050     1114 OranviUe
"<533^'
fEDEPATOMST
.Revolution i
Editor B. O. FederationiBt: Wart Thon
enthusiasm—then patriotism—then conscription—then food control—then compulsory
registration—then industrial conscription—
then food card rationing—then flunger—then
revolution—then hell—then freedom!
Let every rebel ln tbe world give the capitalist governments .of the world plenty of
room to evolve.
Thank heaven 1 we have lived to see the
day when every capitalist government' in
the world iB In dire distress.
Three years and a half the world has bled
for nothing.
Yet a little while and the worken of tne
world will get something.
Nemesis is Just,
G. P. STIRLING.
Salmon Arm, B. C, March 5, 1918
Unrest
Editor B. O. Federationist: A tribe of vol*
turous mandarins own and rule the earth
The producing class Btlll maintain and obey
their musters. This condition Ib slow to
change, and as the forces of evolution slowly bring us nearer to industrial democracy
we may well ask whs| methods will best
expedito that evolution.
Each stop towards industrial froedom has
been conceded by the rulers to postpone or
remove a condition of unrest among the
masses. Unrest Ib the only condition that
has obtained important concessions from tho
exploiting cIsbb. Our political power is a
perfect means by which the producers can
do all the ruling anil'owning, hut the slavish
mind is fearful to take Ub liberty.
Tho worker will nevor uso political action
except his mind ho stimulated to a tense
condition of unrest. \
Tho object of the owning class, is to retain ownership, and every law that existB
was formed for tho purposo of maintaining
tho social and financial security of tho exploiting classes. Thero are no exceptions to
this. Even tho fow laws whloh directly apply to producers, Buch as laws that secure
to tlie workor his wages, arc not tho result
of any altruistic desire of tho mastor to
protect from robbery the bIbvo he robs, hut
rather to protect tho' maBtor class. Experience taught tho master that if the
worker's wages wero withheld, or if hn wero
too much oppressed, such a condition of turmoil and unrest wouldariso as bodod danger
to lho class that exploits lnbor. Tho mnster
uses concjssions as a means of dofenoo.
When a slave owner gavo to his Blaves
good food anil accommodation, such a policy
was good business for tho owner, and did
not Imply that the owner felt nny huinono
or kindly feeling towards his slaves. On
the contrary, history shows that tho slave
owners fought to the oxtent of losing their
own lives in order to keep the slaves in a
condition of continued slavery. Tho same
motive of good business is behind the socinl
laws that exist In Germany, and which only
exist because tho rulers of that country hnd
STANDARD BRANDS OF
LIQUORS
FROM $5 TO $10 PER CASE LESS
You get what you order or you get your money back. Our large stock compels
us to sell at the following prices:   •' •-
SCOTCH WHISKIES
"Sealed" Cnso
Dewnr 's Special $27.50
Dewar's Blue Label   28.16
Dewar's Special Liqueur .... 31.35
Dewar's     Extra     Specinl
Liqueur   36.75
Johnnie  Walker's   Kilmar* N
nock, Whito Label  29.15
Johanio Walker's Kilmarnock, Bed Label  30.26
Mackio's White Horse 20.15
King Qeorge Cream Label 27.50
King George Gold Label.... 33.00
Bulloch Lade "Gold Label" 33.00
Dawson's Extra Special .... 27.80
Dawson's    Extra    Special,
imp. quarts — 36.76
Dawson's Bare Old Liqueur 33.00
J. Hopkins & Co., Old Mull 30.26
Gallic "Old Smuggler" 29.16
John Begg's Whito Cap  30.26
Buchnnnn's Bed Seal  27.50
Stariff's U. O.  28.60
"Famous   Old"   Haig   &
Halg "•  30.26
Macintosh's Highland Dow 22.00
Houso of Lords 16.60
SCOTCH WHISKIES
In Bulk Gals.
Superior Specinl Scotch ..-.$ 8.00
Superior   Spccinl   10-Year-
old Liqueur, Scotch     8.76
Superior Extra Specinl Liqueur (15-year-old)      9.60
Kilmarnock    10.50
John Begg's Loch Nagtir .... 12.26
"Famous   Old"    Haig   &
Haig  13-25
Dawson's Rare Old Liqueur 14.50
BRANDIES
"Sealed Cnse
Bcmy Brandy, quarts  $16.60
C. Lavire & Co 16.60
Hcnncssy  (ono stlir)   31.00
Hcnncssy (three star)   36.75
Prapin, 20-ycnr-old    35.76
Martcl (one star)   31.90
Martcl (throe star)   36.75
BRANDIES
In Bulk Gal.
Bcmy & Co., Pnlo Brnndy..$ 7.50
"Lofort  •"■      8.76
Jules Bobin    9.60
Girard & Co 10.60
Pellison Pore & Cie   11.26
Godot Frores  13.25
Prapin S0-ycar*old  le.00
RYE WHISKIES
Sealed Case
Gooderham & Wort's Ordinary $12.65
Gooderham & Wort's Special  13.75
Wnlkor's Old Byo  12.19
Wulker's Imperinl   13.75
Walker's Canadian Club .... 16.60
Walker's Best Procurable,
quarts .
16.60
Walkor's Best Procurable,
imp. quarts 23.66
Superior Fine Old, quarts..   9.90
Superior Fine Old, imp. qts. 13.76
RYE WHISKIES
In Bulk Gal.
Suporior Fino Old Bye $ 4.26
Superior 5-year-old Bye    4.76
Superior Special, 7-year-old
Eyo     5.26
Superior, Extra Special 10-
year-old Eyo    6.00
Walkor's Best Procurable..   7.00
Walker's Canadian Club ....   7.00
Walkor's Imperial     6.00
Gooderhahi      &      Wort'B
Special     6.00
Gooderham 4 Wort's Ordinary     5.25
RUMS *
"Sealed" Case
Rare Old Jamaica, quarts-.914.85
Rare Old Jamaica, imp. qts. 20.85
Golden Cross Rum, quartB.,.. 16.50
Stindback, Parker & Co., qt8 16,50
Sandpack,   Parkor   &   Co.,
imp. quarta 23.66
The    Famous    Old    Rum,      I
No. 7  :.... 22.00
Burko's    27.50
Gilboy's Governor-General   27.60
RUMS
In Bulk
Gal.
...$ 7.00
Snndbnck, Parkor & Co...
...   7.50
Tho    PnmouB    Old    Eu
No. 7	
...   9.00
Pinzie's Best Procurable
... 11.60
DRY, OLD TOM AND
ASSORTED GINS
"Sealed" Caso
Gordon's Dry Gin  $30.26
Cold & Co., "London" Dry
Gin   24.76
Special Club Cry Gin  22.00
Booth's Old Tom Gin 30.26
Cold & Co., Loudon Tom
Gin   22.00
Special Club Tom Gin  19.25
Wolfo's Aromatic Schnapps 19.26
Boss' Sloe Gin  27.60
Empire Sloe Gin 22.00
* HOLLAND GINS
"Sealed" Caso
Melcher's Gold Cross (15
imp. qt. bottles to cane)..$31.60
Melcher's Gold Cross (12
qoartB to case) 16.60
Palacar & Co., Bod Top
Gin (15 imp. qunrt bot*
tics to caso)  28.00
Pnlncar & Co., Bed Top Gin
(12 qts. to case)  16.40
John de Kuypor (15 imp. qt
bottles to cnso)  42.00
John do Kuyper (12 quurts
to cnso) 19.25
HOLLAND GINS
In Bulk Gal.
Melcher's Gold Cross $ 7.60
John do Kuyper (Genuine
Imported)     9,00
DRY AND TOM GINS
In Bulk Gal.
Special Club Dry Gin (Imported)    $ 8.00
Old London Dry Gin     6.60
Special Club Old Tom Gin..   7.60
Canadian Old Tom Gin    6.00
IRISH WHISKIES
"Sealed" Caso
Burko's ***, quarts  $24.76
Burke's "**, imp, quarts.... 33.00
Jamieson'a ***  27.60
Redmond's **#, quarts  16.60
Redmond's ***, imp. qtfi  23.66
IRISH WHISKIES
In Bulk Gul.
Fine Old Irish  $ 8.00
Moohnn's Finest Old Irish..   9.00
All Leading Brands of WINES, LIQUEURS, etc., at Reduced Prices
Distillers' Distributing Co.   ::   ::   Kenora, Ontario
PURCHASERS' AGENTS IN VANCOUVER, B. C.
VANCOUVER WINE CO.
1097 GRANVILLE STREET SEYMOyR 6722
JT      PT   ADV     442 RICHARDS ST.    SEY. 47S5
.   Lt,   \^L*l\MS.r- OPEN    EVENINGS
'sufficient intelligence to know that a healthy
wage slave has a greater military and economic value to his owners, in the Eame sense
that fl healthy and active horse U of more.
use to Its master than a diseased and de*
crepld one.
To maintain the social and economic welfare of the master claus and to secure their
Souition as rulers and owners is the motive
ehind every law.
When agricultural machinery was firat introduced Into England there happened great
riots in that land. The rulers of the country wero greately exercised in their minds
as to the basic cause of the laborers' actions of burning and killing. After much
argument the rulera decided by the parliament that the laborer's own ignorance was
tho cause of the unrest, and an education
act was forthwith presented to the parliament. The arguments that persuaded the
lords in parliament to provide education for
the laborers were not arguments that aet
forth the advantages that might accrue to
the ignorant laborers themselves from aome
degree of enlightenment, but were intewled
to prove that education would make tt#la-
borers moro docile, and less liable to make
riots and burn down haystacks. During the
debate, It wbb ropeatedly claimed that tbe
security of property was endangered by tho
Ignorance of the laboring classes, And it
was the security of proporty whioh was the
extraordinary motive for educating tbe common people of that land.
All extensions a{ the franchise were granted as a concession to thc forces of unrest.
Tho workers of Belguiin obtained universal
suffrage by means of a national strike.
Thu worker littlo dreams with what terror tlio ruling classes rogard the total aggregate power of the wage slaves. But in
spite iff this foar, they aro never willing to
mako concessions unless tho condition of unrest Ih too great to be nullified by tho bribing, discrediting or imprisoning of labor
leaders, and cannot be postponed by arbitration, or crushed by ubo of force, or the intimidating effect of mncMno guns, etc.
The exploiters of the earth always choose
for the chief offices of government thoso of
their kind who havo a degree of genius that
cun perfectly estimate the tendencies of human' nature, and accurately judge social and
economic conditions, so as never to concede
anything to the urgings of the progressive
elements of society, unloss it is utterly impossible to quell unrest by means' of forco
or cunning tricks.
The most efficient governor or statesman
Is ho who can the most effectively beguile
thu musses, by expressing tu them most of
the Ideals of Christ, and, at tho snme time
exercise upon thorn most of the practises of
Nero, That is why that president of a certain republic* is tho most successful governor
ovor known, becauso ho, moro efficiently
than any other, expresses great idonls for
tlie progress and libofty of Immunity, nnd
nt the sumo moment places nil tho progressiva elements of society iu jail.
No concessions can bo obtained from thc
exploiting class except in response to a con
dilion of turmoil And unrest among tho
masses, and, thereforo, those who agitate to
eiiiisc unrost are tho greatest force for human
progress, y
If these kind souls wan niin to gain social
progress through means of harmony and* cooperation among tha classes, ns ngainst tho
method of class antagonism, will please look
into history, they will find that evory socinl
advantage obtained by the masses, was tho
result of unrest, and that no social progress ever resulted from any magnanimous
or unselfish initiative on Iho part of the
fillers.
In sonic periods of history thero hns existed among workers a total absence of unrost,
andiwherever that condition of clnss harmony
pri'iiilud, there you will flnd that tho peasant class were steeped in ignorance; they
labored from dawn till dark; tVclr Jtat
were devoid of every comfort and tho™.
ward of tlieir labor was tin barest means
of subsistence. Under clnss harmony tho
workor sinks lower tlmn the animals. Tho
agitator stirs up the spirit of unrest so that
thc slave strives to throw off the slavish
naturo and retain for himself a larger measure of what he produces. Therefore, to
those gentle comrades who dislike methods
of strife, wo answer, that as agitation to
create unrest is tho only means to victory,
that, therefore, it will not and must not
cease until tho class war is finally won,
We, tho Blaves of all nations, have a common purpose to abolish slavery, and our
common interests are above all divisions of
race and language. There is no war between
us. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
nre with us, and we nre with them. Wo are
comrades. And tho driving force that is
behind our purposo is not the blind fury ot
a heasl, but It is nn intelligent and noble
lmpulsa,
, Away with all pipe-dreams of any class
harmony between owners and slaves I Unrest
is our only means to gain a better end.
You who tarrydiddle by tho roadside dreaming of class harmony and forever asking
tho why of the unrest, answer, you, this:
Why do mothers mourn sons dead In war!
Why do children live in want and die of
prevcntablo diseases) Why do daughters
slave In factories for a pittance, and why
do so many sink {or rise) to prostitution!
Why does the aged toiler know neither comfort or security 1 Why must tho worker
live a stunted existence laboring long to pro-
duce what bis rulors do consume In luxury!
Our way tn a jbotter condition may mean
pain to those who preach It, but our purpose cannot be suppressed; it is better and
Btronger than racks or thumbscrews, and we
will agitate and keep on agitating, until tho
slave will no longer tolerate hia slavery.
P. R. W.
Phoenix, B. 0.,  March 3,11918.
time, from the laborers standpoint, and still
enable the employer to give the man bis
training, haB drawn up a scale of allowances,
whibo a man entitled to vocational re-education will' draw during his training, which
will eliminate tha necessity of the employer
Baying the man, and the employer therefore
will be able to bave this man put in a position where he will be ablo to muster His
trade or work, in as short a time as possible.
If necessary, of coarse, government schools
could be established for this purpose, but as
this would entail an enormous expense on the
part of tho government and again at the
end of each man's course, tbe problem of
finding employment for the man would bave
o be £.?., -Jid another possibility would br.
that of flooding the labor market in any one
particular lino.
To handle the problem of the possibility of
flooding the labor market in any particular
trade or occupation, and to discover trades
in wbieb there la a good demand for labor,
an industrial survey of the province Ib under
way, and when completed, these' particulars
will be available. This survey also shows
the different kinds of work a man could do
having certain disabilities.
To make a success of our work, It Ib necessary that we obfain tho practical co-operation of the public, and where necessary,
the protection of organized labor, so that
these men will not be exploited by unfair
employers, taking advantage of tbe fact tbat
the man~Vho is being re-educated is, as a
rule, drawing a small pension on account of
his Usability. As the response to tho call to
theTblors, was answered by so many of the
meinbertwof the labor unions, and naturally
a number of tho men whom this department
deals with have been union members in good
standing prior to their enlistment, tho department naturally feels that the assistance
and sympathy of organized labor will be obtained. The department is not endeavoring
to exploit thoso men In any way, but what
it is endeavoring to do Ib to boo that these
men are given every opportunity to fit themselves to earn a living in the labor market,
In work suited to thoir disability so that they
will be able to compete with men physically
fit in that class of work.
In looking at this work from the viewpoint
of organized labor, it must be takon Into
consideration that as tbo majority of these
men hnve disabilities, that it is only in occa-
Affinal cases that these will be able to take
up protected trades, and again that if In
these cases, tho men woro trained in government schools and turned out thoy would bo a
liability to organized labor, whereas if some
working arrangement could bc made with the
union organization, whereby tho men could
be trained under the supervision of union
men so that as soon as a man became qualified to obtain his card as a skilled workman,
ho eould be examined by an examining board,
whidh iden would work two ways, in that it
would protect the man from his employer
and enable him to demand his full wages as
soon as ho is capahlo of earning them, and
again it would protect the unions against the
possibility of admitting partially skilled
workmon Into thoir organizations.
It is to theso mon who hnvo taken up
arniB In thoir country's cause, who havo undergone the hardships trials and dangers
incident to the present wnr, that those of
us who through some cause or another, have
been unable to join them In tho trenches in
Europe, owg thoir presont security.' They
have como back to Canada crippled nnd handicapped, nol asking that, they be given a
living, but that they bo given a chnnce, ns
overy other citizen of this country lias, to
earn a living under circumstances, in whicli
their disabilities will hninper thom tho least.
** RETURNKD SOLDIER.
Vancouver, March it.   1918.
No Trouble Witb Hr. Bushby
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: In a recent
issue of your papor, in roferrlng to Mr.
Bushby, manager of the B. C. Marine, Limited, yon stated that ho was having frequent
trouble with IiIb employees ro wages and
working conditions. JVVe, who have been om-
ployed by tho B. 9. Marine, Limited, for
three years and upwards desire to correct
this, as it Ih not a statement of fact, and
knowing your journal to be an advocate of
fair play, we must ask you to repudiate this
statement as we have always found Mr. Bushby to be a very fair and reasonable-minded
man who has always given his employees a
square deal.
.rusting that you will give this letter thi
same prominence that was given the previous
statement, we are,
J. K. McKENZIE, WM.
C. ARTU8, GEO. E. RANDALL, .7 GASTON,
E, DOHERTY, T. W. HAWKS. V. FALLEN,
N. MITCHELL. CHAS. BLANEY, GEO. McKAY, JAMES TAGG. JOHN GIBSON, C.
Y. WALKER, A. McKENZIE, WALTER
McGOWN, W. J. SPARKS, S. 8TAGG, P. R.
GEDDEB, H. T COTTRELL, WM. J. HALL,
W. A. SMITH. S. TYSON, J. A. COWL,
JOHN McINTOSH, C. P. THOMSON, CHA8,.
McKENZIE. J. EltNKST CORTAIN, 0. J.
ISTED, W. A. PHILLIPS, ALEX. L
BLACK IE.
Vancouver, B. C, March 5, 1918.
The Returned Soldier
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The question
of-itljM.rliiug the returned soldier into civil
Htf, at the present moment, is not a ver
serious one, and will not be one jrhlch wll
(live the public at large much concern until
the commencement of demobilization, with
the one exception of tho soldier, wbo for
humanity's sake has risked his all on the
field of battle, and who has boen crlpplod
in snme way wblch do-s not allow him to
go bnck to his farmer occupation. This man,
in the majority of instance*, is a man who
hns had in his former civilian life, a trade,
and It would bc impossible and very unfair
to expect this man tn take the usual course
of training or become an apprentice In a
trade which would suit his disability, owing
to the lsngth of timo necessary and the fact
thnt these men usually have families dependent on their earnings for their living.
To assist those men to take up now vocations In which they will be ablo to compete
with the physically fit men, and at the same
time find vocations for them in which their
disabilities will not bo a handicap, thore
has boon established undor what was the
military hospitals commission, nnd is now
the Invalided Soldiers' Commission, the vocational department, and any man of his ma-
Sesty's forces, or of tho forces of his ina-
esly's allies, who has boen rendered fit by
hfe*. servico In the field to roturn to his former occupation, is cntitbd to the advantages
of this department, It Is necessary for thr
applicant to prove beforo this board that li
called the Disabled Soldiers' Training board,
composed of a medical officer, a vocational
officer and a loeal business man, that he is
iinabh to carry on with his former occupation. If It Is derided that tho applicant Is
entitled to vocational re-education the proceedings of tho board are forwarded to Ottawa for concurrence and approval, the applicant of courso being nllowed to mako hts
eholOl of hts new vocation, cndeavorH, of
course, being made to have his choice along
lines In which hla former experience or trade
would he of the most benefit to him.
A tradesman who has learned his trade by
apprenticeship Is well aware of the fact that
throughout the major portion of the period
of apprenticeship he is employed on work
from which his employer la making a profit,
othirwlNp his employer would he unable to
carry on his business profitably, and at thn
sainn time pay tbl man and give him his
training, The Dominion governmont, with
the end In view of eliminating thla wasted
Federated Labor Party
Editor B. O. Fmlerutionist: The task con
fronting us, is to organize Canada. The
birth of a Labor party, is Identical to that
of a nation. It is a national evolutionary
trend of events, that the moment calls for,
anil if you are uot encompassed in a wooden
suil of overalls, and if you perforin n useful
function in society, with muscle or brnin,
there can be no mistake as to your course
of action, that is, to perpetually drum int"
the oars of ths person next to you that tin
Lubor party of Canada iff nol a new brand
of tango, but a stern reality and in the
political life of  Canada.
When workors talk ono with the other,
no necessity arises for deceit, bombast or
camouflage. It generally moons nn exchange
of thought giving expression to condemnation
of our exploitation, and from now on we
might endeavor to criticise our mutual enemy
more, aud our fellow workers less.
To organize Canada calls for a feeling of
understanding twixt tho cast and tho west,
and iu turn both parties must focus their
aims and serious intentions at Ottawa, wherein exist tho representatives of flv class with
which wo have nothing In common. We,
the workers, produce and make everything
possible, hence it is direct representatives
of labor that should sit therein, and no
other individual has any right to wear out
his pants on those seats.
All that tho workerB require Is, every
thing on earth. That makes our platform
simplicity Itself, and It leaves no room for
argument. Throw out your chest I Remember, you are Labor. You represent thc useful portion of Bociety. Don't bo-Bo damn
modest. It does not follow thafiuat be-
eauflo you have a wife and five kids that
you are ordained to be a clam. It does not
matter if you are fh class A, B, O, D, E,
or X, wo'll accept you for BCtivo service
in the Federated Labor Party, and wo'll
guarantee lots of action, with headquarters
at Ottawa. Tou are the man we want, you
—your wife and the kids. Give us your body
and we'll decorate it with all that Canada
possesses. Canada bMongs ta you—govern it.
If you have any grievance, the solution Is,
tho Labor party. DoiCt argue with Bill
Smith, argue with Ottawa. Tho union card
protects the job, the Labor party will enable
you to eventually own the job. Ia it worth
While? Eventually, why not now! You are
hereby appointed organlzeVhere'a your hat,
get busy.
You have argued that the workers will not
get together. Wbat are you doing, knocking
or boosting? The powers that be do not de-
Mro ub to get together, honco, all the Wore
reason why we should. When you argue that
we cannot got togethor, you LIE to yourself;
your conscience, your Btomach, your "homo,
your babe, tho girl on the stroet, your crippled brothers, your sweated sisters, yes, you
llo to thom all.
Great Britain, France, Australia, New
Zealand, etc., everywhere It Is the Labor
party. Australia has proven it, Groat Britain loves it, France is tickled to death with
It, New Zealand brags about it, Canada demands lt.
Ignore your politicians Qnd join tho Labor
party Shun your local press and subscribe
to a Labor paper. Do tho thing right. If
you are a worker, then ronder to yoyrself a
worker's right and duty, to own and control
that which you alone produce—everything.
We can do nothing without you. We can
not perforin miracles. We cannot transport
you to heaven, but wo can, give you, yonr
wife and the kiddies, a better time hen*, be
low,
Be a real man, bo a real woman, and join
in your flght.
Is anyone satisfied with conditions! Are
you? Can we chango theml Yes, by your
Individual holp and hard work. Conditions
will change as fast as you holp change them.
To growl, moan, or lie lawn, keeps you In
the mire, your co-operation will mean—or-
ganiiatlon—which there Ib nothing on this
earth to beat.
You havo read, do not forgot.
S. H   COOKE.
Vancouver, March 4.
/
THE COMING DEMOCRACY
[By Rev. Charles Stable]
Sometimes we wonder why the men of
olden days could not soe the coming of Inevitable crises, which are bo cloarly discerned by tho present-day historian—as be
looks backward. Hindsight Is not always
as good as foresight, but it has it compensations, If history repeats itself, and If
tho historian Is really a prophet, then let
us lenrn from tho seeming blindness* of our
fathers.
One need not be a prophet nor the son
of a prophet, to say that this Is the era
of lho common man. Tho masses are rising
to assert themselveB as nevor before; because the coming democracy Is being built,
not upon a lawless revolution, but upon an
evolution which seems natural and, therefore, must be permanent. No human power
enn  prevent  Its coming.
This means great things for the people.
It fills with hopeHhose who have been bowed
down with the burdens of the past. It
moans, also, lhat evory true lover of the race
will rejoice, for tho well-being of common
humanity muBt bo the ultimate aim of every
worker in the field of social service, And
more and more is the great-hearted employer
realising that his business must he conducted
upon a social basis—not. (Imply for the good
of the fow who are directly Interested br
stockholders.
The power of the labor leader of tho past
ivlll bo considered small Indeed, when compared with' that which will he givon tho
leader of the future. Ho will he a states-
man, prophet, preacher. He cannot he a
demagogue, grafter, charlatan.
THE ART OF CRITICIZING
[By Rev, Charles Steltlo]
Criticism is, fair and legitimate.    Most of
us need to bo hit, and hit hard snmo tlmea,
principally because we often get th'e notion
that we have a monopoly of wisdom. This
la particularly, true of those who are'accustomed to have tbeir own way because for
the time being they are placed In a, position
of authority.
But criticism should be constructive ratherf
than destructive. Most any fool can soe
the badness and the weakness in men and
things, Faults are always glaring. But it
takes a wise man to see the good which may
be covered over by the bad. Not to judg'a
merely by superficial appearances requires
knowledge.
Truo. criticism does not necessarily mean
a pointing out of weakness. It may be tbe
discovery of virtue. However, most criticism is of tbe otber kind. It is just plain,
simple "knocking."
Criticism of another generally acts as a
boomerang upon the unjust critic, because
the critic Ib most apt to point out in another the failing whicb Is peculiarly his own.
As a general proposition It is better to
criticise yourself than to wait until another
fellow gets a chance to criticise you; and
be merciless to yourself in your criticism,
if yon expect mercy trom another.
THE INDEPENDENT (?)
PRESS
[By John Swinton]
One of America's oldest and most beloved
journalists was tendered a banquet by his
fellow-editors, and surprised hla hosts by tho
following words:
"There is no such1 thing in Amorica as»an
Independent press excopt It bo in tbe eountry
towns.   '
"You know it and I know it. Tbere Is
not one of you dare to write his honost
opinions, and if you did you know bofore
hand that It would nover appear In print.
I am paid $150 a week for keeping my honest opinions out of the papor I am connected
with—others of you are paid similar salaries for similar things—and any of you
who would be bo foolish as to writo his
honost opinions would be out on the streets
looking for another job.
"The business of tho New York journalist Is to destroy the truth, to llo outright,
to pervert, to vilify, to fawn at the foot of
Mammon, and to sell nls raco and bis country for his dally bread,
"You know this and I know lt, nnd what
folly Ib this to be toasting an "Independent
press,"
"Wc aro the tools "and vassals of rich men
behind tho scenes. We are the jumping-
jaoks; they pull tho strings and wofdnfice.
Oor talents, our possibilities and our livos
are nil tho proporty of othor men. Wo nre
intellectual prostitutes."
-uction
If you sign the Bible Students petition you are standing for liberty and
freedom in religious thought.   See page
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is it in yours?
—Plume Fairmont 2824—
ASK TOTO OBO0IB KM
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOOR
CHOI IQLLID
 I, 005 Afuts
-     1228 tftnUton
J. PHILLIPS
PtMl 8418
OLEIiAND-DIBBLE    ENGRAVING OOMPANY
leaflet
PHOTO ENOHAVEB8 — COMMERCIAL
ABTtSTS
Phons Seymonr 7169
Tfelrd  Floor.   World   Building
VAKOOnVSE, B. O.
—The only Union Shop in VanconTer—
PRINTING
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
Labor Temple Press     Bey. 4490
The Germs of Ita Own Desjpii
"Cnpitalfsin lias no uso for a stupid
crowd, because of tbo economic functions
performed by tbo masses, especially by tbe
proletariat. Tn order to be ablo to exploit,
to make the biggest possiblo profits (this is
Its Inevitable life task) capitalism Ib forced
by a tragic fate to produco systematlcally
on a vast scale nmongBt Ub slavey Hint vcry
intcllig;oncc which, as capitalism, knows full
well, must be the cause of Its own death
and destruction. All attempts at skilful
manoouvorini,' nnd at cunning co-operation
with tho church and with tho school to steer
the shin of capitalism between tho Scylla
of nn intelligence ku* low thnt it renders exploitation altogether too difficult nnd turns
lho proletarian himself into an unsuitable
heiiRt of burden, nnd the ChnrybdiB of an
education—noessarlly destructive of capitalism—wliich Increases cibbh-conscious ness on
nil sides and revolutionizes the exploited—all
such attempts are bound to fail."—Karl
Liebknecht.
Sergeant (drilling awkward squad):
"Company! Attention compnny, lift
your left leg nnd hold it straight out in
front of you! " One of the squttd held
up his right log by mistake. Thin
brought hia right-hand companion's loft
leg and his own together. The officer,
Booing tins, exclaimed angrily: "And
who is that blooming galoot over thore
holding up both legs?"
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWBLVB NBW TABLES—
(Bruuwlak-Bilko Oollonder Co.)
—Headquarters for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,    Cigars   and
Cigarettes
Only WUto Help Employed
42 Hastings Stf East.
.jtfONJOHES
£elte freon oobaceo.
EXCEPT
SHOES
EVERYTHING FOR MEN
llcndy-to-wenr Clothing and Furnishings.
Also Suits made to measure, on the premises.
Carhartt's Overalls, and other good mnkes.
Gloves, 50c to $2.50.
Shirts of all kinds. Oilskin Suits.
Underwear and Socks of nil grades,   ,
—GIVE    US    A    TRIAL    AND    WE    WILL    DO    THE    BEST-
G. B. KERFOOT
165 HASTINOS STBEET EAST
PHONE SEY. 474
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
aoi DOHonoB buildino
CORNEB CAMBIE AND HASTINGS STREETS
■U During the next few weeks I will review briefly the history of anaesthetics used in dental surgery.
_ The attempts to produce painless dentistry have been
many and varied.
_ I can remember when thc practice, down East, was by
some, in eases where "the teeth were too sotf to fill," to employ a physician to put the victim well under ether and to
extract everything in sight. In this way to painlessly remove
all danger of future toothache.
_ Thd teeth by many are, or used to be, looked upon as a
nuisance sent to make misery and thc correct remedy, therefore, being to remove this source of pain as early as possible.
Since those days, however, our idea of theTrabject has somewhat changed.
BIND UP SETMOUB 8364 FOB APPOINTMENT
THE
MONEY.
BAOK
FLOUR
BEST
<&"%.
NEVER
VARIES
IN
QUALITY
ROm STAND/,
Royal Standard Flour
Firmly Established in Public Favor
AS MILLED in the past—as milled today—something   more    than
morely GOOD FLOUR.   It is SUPREMELY GOOD FLOUR,
"ROYAL STANDARD" excels in all thc points by which u Flour is
■judged. It produces a, lorgor loaf—with a crisper crust—with a broad
flavor that is more delicate and palatable
"ROYAL STANDARD" milled under the government regulations enables tho housewife to mnke a genuine conservation lonf. If sho will add
at overy baking, say, 25 por cent, of "Royal Standard" Ryo Flour, Bho
- will aid still farther the conservation of wheat for tho Allies, and will
flnd hor broad loses not ono jot of deliciouB wholesomcness or flatisfying
flavor. *
Tost the idea at your noxt baking.
"*   All live grocers sell "Royal Standard."
Accept no substitutes.   Look for tho Circle "V" on evory sack.
MILLED IN VANCOUVER BT VANCOUVEB WOBKMEN PBIDAY... Maroh ;
1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVfitf
SLATER'S
For Quality
Large cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. 26c
Robertson's    Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 4 lbs.  75c
Slater's Tea, per lb  30c
Baking Powder, 6 lbs. for.. 76c
Lipton's Cocoa, half*lb  20c
Milk, por tin  10c
Salmon, large tins, per tin.. 16c
Clark's Pork and Beans, 3
for .....t.  26c
DELIVERY TO ALL PARTS
131 Bastings St. Eut   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvlll* St.      Sey. 866
8214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Empress
Coffee
The Aristocrat of
Better Coffees
JT1MPRESS COFFEE, is now
**— packed in tho now "war"
packngo—a double-lined sanitary
paper contnirtor—you can buy it
for 40c por lb. instead of tho old
price of 50c.
The Canadian Food Control
Board expects the Cnnadian people to savo in tho use of tlie tin
containers so as to save the metal
for war purposes,
Whon you buy Empress Coffee
you get tho same old reliable
bpnd—you snvo 10c for yourself
and you help our boys at th-e
front just that much.
Your Grocer Has Empress
THE LOGICAL
School
SHOES
FOR BOYS AND OIRLS ARE
THE
LECKIE
SHOES
made right here in Vaucouver by
Vancouver workmen.
The samo skill and, care that is
used in the famous Leckie Footwear for men.
Ask for LECKIE SHOES at
your dealers—if ho hasn 't thom
he can get them.
ELECTRIO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
NEWS STANDS
The Federationlit !■ on tale in
Vancouver at the following news
elands: .
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
134 Ha«tlngi Street Eut
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Corner Hastlnga and Colombia
MoFADDEN NEWSTAND,
t 422 Richards Street
B. 0. E. NEWS STAND,
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Street
THODET'S NEWS STAND,
Cor. Richards and Hastings
JOHN GREEN NEWS STAND,
205 Carrall Street
W. GALLOWAY,
135 Hastlnga East
W. R. COULTER,
Fort Coquitlam,  B.  C.
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
ml
Piano Moving
Phene ns dty oi night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
ttt. 4044-6
Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Pair. 2800       1629 Main BttMt
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
'        [By J. B.] -
" Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
Spring Fashions
The fashionable garment this spring
is a JoBoph 's coat, so called because it
is of ninny colors.
In tho governmont stores thore will
be political demonstrations to show customers how to do tho lightning chango
act.
Thero was an Irishman who had no
clean shirt so he just turned tho one
lie had on, and that is the kind of
purity that is OBked for now,
A short time ago all tho churches
preached peaco and arbitration and
brotherhood. Wo wore all free to try
for the Nobol penco prize.
Then wont forth the fiat: Turn right
round and march tho other way. And
thoso who woro nbt quick-witted onough
or who could not divoat themselves of
thoir principles, found themselves in
jail. Now what is a poor mortal to do
to please? Thoro is nothing to bo dono
but to bo absolutely neutral, or ^p wear
a Joseph coat, and imituto tho chumo-
lon.
It is like tire good old dnys when tho
stato religion changed with ench king,
und tho people had to chango in a day,
or bo burned by Queen Mary, or hanged, drawn and quartered by Elizabeth.
It is not war wo object to so niuch.
We have no conscientious objections to
dofonding our rights. It is tho hypocrisy we dislike, and tho old persecuting
attitudo of mind that trios to cut everyone to the samo pattern, like coins from
the mint.
It takes all kinds of peoplo to make
a world.
Fighters may bo needed, but workers
aro needed too.
During a war the fighters are in their
•element; during peace they are generally in jail.
But tho peaceful, plodding, industrious, Inw-abidiug citizen is aftor all the
good old standby—the backbone of the
nation, both in peace and war.
Why shoot him, or put him in jail,
when he is still willing to contributo his
particular talents for tho national good?
Tho idea has happily dawned of taking the conscientious objector out of
jail and making him work on a ranch.
That would cost the taxpayers less,
though indoed tho cost in somo cases is
not much excopt to the objector himself. Tho one who was Bent to Stony
Mountain penitentiary, nnd went mad
in four days, and was dead in a week,
did not cost much. He is to be congratulated, and so are the taxpayers, that
is to say if thore is really any'inten
tion of pnying tho cost of this war.
It appears impossible, and every one
is trying to evade the responsibility.
The Germans havo decided tnat the Allies are to pay and have even calculated the amount. The Allies look to the
Germans. The capitalists of all the
countries expect the workors to pay as
usual, but the working class worm is
at last beginning to writhe aB if there
was a dim hope that he might turn in
anothor one or two.
Meantime, he mildly onquiTes why tbo
capitalist can not contribute at least a
mite to pay the piper considering that
he called tho tune. " Tis a mad world,
my masters." Shakespeare said so, and
it does not seem to have improved.
Thoso aro groat days for Mr. Facing*
Both-Ways. Some pooplo are born
lightning change artists.
Just note tho names of thoso who are
now shouting loudest for war, glorious
and ennobling war. Ab soon as the war
is over and tho arbitration begins, you
will see them on tho band wagon shouting for pence and -arbitration, and
trampling underfoot those who wero
true to thoir principles through all tho
storm.
1 Win* was it who took ovory seat on
tho band wngon when suffrage won nnd
became popular! It waa tho vory womon who drew in their skirts when a
suffragette passed, and called her un-
soxed and improper, and who nover
worked for the cause at all. It has always beon bo, and will be again; watch
and see.
Meantime, whilo principles are out of
fashion, follow the crowd and get your
Josoph coat.
It is not only beautiful, but necessary
to health and happiness at present.
A Warning
I am just after destroying a Biblo I
found in tho house. If any one round
the Labor Tomplo is keeping one for a
curiosity, they had better destroy it
beforo the polico seize it.
I remembered hearing some one aay
that to tako tho Biblo literally would
bo ontirely subversivo of the existing
order of things, so when I read about
tho liternturo of tho Bible Students boing seized by tho govornment, I was
doubtful about the Bib,lo, nnd I opened
it to mako sure that it was snfe to havo
in tho houso.
It opened at tho cpistlo for tho 2nd
Sunday in Lent, tho 24th of Feb., nnd
this is whnt it said: "And that no man
overreach nor circumvent his brother in
business; because the Lord is tlio avenger of all theso things, as we liavo told
you before." Subversive of the existing order of thingB—well, I should say
sol
I turned to the epistle of tho Sunday
before, und in that the writer described
himself and his companions. Ho snid
thoy "were in prison und seditious."
Sent to prison for sedition! Just liko
a conscientious objector, or the owner
of a pamphlet by the International
Bible Students. It seemed quoor, so I
rend further, and discovered that the
•early Christians: "Had nil things in
common, neither were there any that
lacked." Tho wicked, wicked communists! Wc know how they were treated
in Franco. No wonder the early Chris-
tinns were persecuted. They deserved
it. They wore nothing but revolutionists. But thoro wns worse to come. It
said there was a sin that cried to heaven for vengeance, nnd that was robbing a Inborer of his hire.
Bank socialism that. T1)C socialists
nre always complaining thnt the laborer
only gets a very small pnrt of whnt Jio
produccB. It said also you must not
Boizo a workman's tools, ndt even for.
debt, yot at tho proBent timo no workman owns hiB tools; thoy were seized
long ago.
Worst of ull, I read that tho blood of
Abel, our brothor crying from tho
ground, was another sin that cried to
high heaven for vongoance. Thon I
wns frightonod, because that was certainly pacifist teaching, nnd probably
treason, so I got rid of thc shocking
book as rnpidly as possible, wondering
why, in huppior times, it was not on-
tored for tho Nobol peaco prize.
Kirkpatrick's book: "War, What
For," is also banned, instead of obtaining that prize.   Porhaps, liko St. Paul,
fit had the misfortune to be born out of
due season. That kind of thing is not
fashionable at presont.
Better tako notice and govern yourselves accordingly.
And be sure to destroy all Bibles.
They aro most cerfainly banned, and
no doubt are on the index also.
Most people thought Pastor Russell
was some sort .of religious crank, and
1'that lifo was to Bhort to waste on reading his views. He might have sunk
into the obscurity of innocuous desuetude if tho government had not, by
handing him tho martyr's crown, given
him so much free advertising. Funny!
is it not?
Chevy Chase
Before tho battlo of Chevy Chase, the
Percy and th*f^>ouglas proposod to sot-
tie their difforonco themselves. Ono of
them said:
"Let thou and I, tho battlo try,
For pity 'twere to kill,
Any of those our gallant mon   ,
For they havo dono no ill."
As a plan for universal penco, lot the
people recommend to the capitalists and
rulera that they flght their own battles.
Lot them refuse to be sneriflcod any
longor for their maater'a benefit, and
their own utter damnation.
The aweet reasonableness of this plan
is very ovidont when today we are menaced by a worldwido famine. If the
rulors did tho fighting, tho workers
could go on producing, nnd there would
be no dangor of famino, or of scarcity
in any line. If evolution has not yet-
proceeded far enough to make war unnecessary, and impossible, could it not
bo modified and controlled in that way?
Could tho workers not choose out a
certain number from the parasite class,
those who 'glorify war, and set them
apart as champions to settle all the differences that arise until we become sufficiently civilized to arbitrate 1
Tho day will come whon war will appear just as strango and insane a method of settling differences as trial by
combat appears now. At one stage in
our evolution we had trial by combat,
instoad of trial by jury, and wo expected God to defend the right, but we
discovered, at last, that brute force
won, and not innocence.
Trial by jury has glaring defects, but
it is an improvement—even if tho lawyers got nlf your property, at least you
escape with your life. And he is very
fortunate who escapes with even his
lifo today, in thia chaoa of universal
slaughter. That is, of courso, if life, is
worth living in the circumstances. |
Soldiers home from the wars seem to
doubt whether life is worth living,
whon they cannot blot their experiences
out of their minds. After every war,
there is an'epidemic of suicides amongst
returned soldiers.
Which Would You Prefer to
Be the Mother to Your
1      •    Children?
Which Expresses the Best
and Noblest Type of   *
Womanhood?
[By Nemesis]
She wbb bravo. Her aching breast as eaoh
precious minute fled, seemed to contract with
sharper throb about hor heart; hor tongue
was swollen by tho efforts to suppress .her
sobs; behind her dry and aching lids her
stricken soul, on guard, pushed back the
Hood of burning tears. .Kin- merely clung to
him ns if sho Btill could snatch hi in from the
tyrant's clutch—that clutch mnda tight and
firm by gentlo woman's blood-craving cross
scratched upon a ballot sheet, which .privilege to their etornalfBhame they had denlod
to hor.
Sho was brave. No tear, nor look, nor
cry, should Do recorded on hii; memory of
bar in that had parting hour, when he should
turn to hor as oft he would In that world's
hell the ghouls had sent him to. How many
thousands of thoso young lads Blaughturod
at the shrine of worldly wealth nnd bleeding
out their last few drops of bright, young
blood, will call In vain that fond word,
"mother."
'With arms flung round bis neck as if
they never could unloose, tho last, long kiss
was given and soon her Inst goodbye wns
shouted from tho door without a quiver in
her voice, but tho brnve, forced smile had
now faded from her face. Then when he
wns gone and out of sight she broke. A
pitiful sigh now as, huddled thore, she
moaned, and moaned and mooned; "My
boy; 01 God I My boyi"
But by degrees her grief grow calmer
and her memory and her heason both came
back to her; bnt so deadly calm she lay,
as still, as silent, and as whito as an Imago
graven out of stone, that, a sudden fear shot
through mo that the shock had snapped some
vital thread In her; but presently she slowly
rose and thus she Bpoke, and such vibration
in hor voice I had never hoard before nor
have I Bince: "Theso hands I lift to thee,
my Ood, In humble supplication are free
from stain of blood in dc6d and word and
mark and bo, 01 Ood, protect my dear son's
lifo and limb. This heart hns novor swelled
with mother's prldo nt deeds my boy has
done except when love of fellow man has
prompted tbem, when he has msde some sacrifice to work another's good: and so, Ot
Ood I protect my dear son's life and limb.
He never wlshod to Btrike another down and
bathe his hands and soul In blood of brother
hoy, fashioned in thlniL image. He has knelt
to thoo a hundred times in earnest prayer
to Bhare him such soul pain and so, 01 Oodt
proteot my dear apn's life and limb. Amen I"
Slowly her armF dropped to her sides and
soon she began to gathor up his things—
the common thingB of every day he'd left
nbout, useless all In the grim work they
had forced him to.
She kissed each ns sho took It up and
placing all of them together, she wrapped
them carefully and put them fn his box
and with calm, set face she began the duties
of the day.
When the hiBtory of the war is written, what the workers did will be recorded in large letters; what the capitalist did will be shown in large figures.—Butte Weekly Bulletin.
The Bible "Students' petition is being
signed by thousands of liberty-loving
peoplo. Have you signed yet? See
page 6.     - *#*
as if it was for their approval and applause
her heart was hankering. There was a touch
of the theatrical—the unreal—the assumed,
in her ever; pose and gesture, and in her
words, too, there was a suggestion of the
hackneyed and the commonplace.
"Go forth, my son, and bear yourself In
battle as the bravest of the brave. The blood
of generations of fighting ancestors of mine
is running in your veins: (or it Is truo a
fighting family is ours. The spirits of those
ancestors will gaze down upon you in that
great struggle for the right for us to rale
and if you fall in doing some great deed of
valor, your name will he written large In
the history of our race, and I with pride
ahall say, 'A lion's whelp was mine,' and
men will honor me bb being thy mother.
Good-bye, my.son! It is time for you to go:
good-bye I" She stepped up to him and
kissed him upon tbe forehead, as I have
often seen it done npon the stage hy a qneen
of tragedy.
The son, an upright, lithe, well-favored
boy, looked at her a tittle wistfully as If
th? tone and manner of hor farewell had
left a tromor of disappointment in his soul:
but he caught hor to his beau in a sudden,
boyish embrace, Impressed a warm kiss upon
her cheek, and without a word, turned from
her and was gone. ,
COMPARISONS
If any one were to suggest that there waB
any similarity between the "International
Bible Students" and the "Industrial Workers of tbo World" lt is moro than likely
that tho members of both organisations would'
bo up in arms at onco. BotbipartleB would
probably consider themselves previously insulted by tbe comparison. And yet in some
points at least they agree. Both organisations aru absolutely and unqualifiedly opposed to taking any part in the war, though
thoy have como to their conclusions by entirely different lines of argument. Tho Bible
students claim that they do not belong to
nny of the present kingdoms on earth; that
tbey are members of a kingdom that is shortly to bo established, which will he a splrtual
kingdom and that therefore they should not
tnko part in nny earthly qunrrels. Tho Industrial Workers claim that tho war Is a
■•(millet between various forms of imperialism
brought about by combinations of capital on
either side, and thnt ns workers who are
nt the bock and call of capital in every Instance, tho conflict docs not concern them.
Both parties are internationalists and In both
cases their arguments aro Bound and well
taken. Another point of similarity lies In
tho fact that they nro both roundly and
unjustly abused by press and pulpit. Very
few of the abusers go to any real troublo
to flnd out whether such abuse Ib Justified.
It is popular just now to do bo and that is
sufficjont excuse. Tho fact that both organizations have as their object the help of
tlieir fellow men is practically lost sight of
and they aro roundly condemned because the
means they adopt do not fit In with conventional ideas. Hero the similarity betwoen
tho I. B. 8. A. and tho I. W. W. ends.
Tbe former flnd expression of their desires
by fitting In with "tho plan of the agos,"
taking no active pnrt in shaping tho destiny
of tho world and simply meeting circumstances as thoy arise while tho fatter are
out to mako things lively by becoming an
nctive part of those circumstances. If tho
Nndfc.-m-, whom both parties accept as 'a
model lender, were hero today ho wonld In
nil likelihood havo a sympathetic word of
commendation for both parties; bat we confess that so fnr as oui' conception of his
life nnd message carries us, we can more
r -ndily imagine him at an active member of
the I. W. W. than of any other organization we know of. In fact, tho chances aro
ho would bo in prison today with some of
tho rest of them.—Tho Wook, Victoria, B. C.
I was woary and 111 at ease. The time
had come for the mother to bid her son
farewell and I rose to go, deeming my presence there nf tho last moment, an intrusion,
although I had been invited there to see the
show. She stopped me with an imperious,
Boadicoan gesture of her arm,
She rose and stretched herself to her full
height and paused to Klve us.time, I thought,
to tako In the majesty of her pose. Unkind
thoughts come tt ub somewhere from the
void around us, unbidden and unwelcome
and it entered into me that she wbb apelng
the Boman mother of two thousand years
ago, offering her son to one of her heathen
deities who had taught her that blood shed
In battle waa the only sacrifice worthy of
his acceptance.
Her cheeks were flushed and her eyes hard
and. glittering and she looked, as she spoko,
to Thoso around ber more than at her son,
Copenhagen
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Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists'
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FLORISTS and NURSERYMEN
TWO STORES:
,    48 Hastings Street East.  Phone Sey. 968 and 672
728 Oranvllle Street.   Phono Seymour 9613
NURSERIES:
Twenty-first Avenue and Main Street.  Phone Fairmont 798
Hammond, B. 0.  Phone Hammond 17
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
BIBLE STUDENTS' HEADQUARTERS
ARE RAIDED JN VANCOUVER
Arrests   Made  for  Distributing   Literature
That Is Not Banned By the
Authorities
Vancouver polico took a hand in tho persecution of the International Bible Students'
association when they raided the headquarters Sunday morning and confiscated all tho
books and literature therein. No satlatac-1
tion can be obtained from the police for their
net, and the books are atill in the hands of I
the authorities.
Harry Train, a member of the association,
was distributing literature last Sunday morning! n the West End and was arreBted, taken
to police headquarters, searched, and finally
liberated.
On Tuesday, Mrs. 0. E, Towner, who was
circulating a petition for signatures in
Grandview, wbb stopped by a special policeman and told to report at police headquarters. W. B. Mclnnes, counsel for the <asso-
otetion, took the matter up witb the police,
and tho  mattor was dropped.
JAS.THOMS0N&S0NS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
TWIN.     BUT!
UNION
MADE
To fight for tho labels ia to fight for
tho basis of unionism.
TTOU ALWAYS fool comfortable in a Twin Bute Overall or
* Shirt. You need never worry about the danger of a splitting
seam when you wear a Twin Bute, beeause their seams will not
split. Each garment is rip-proof, long-wearing and specially designed for any kind of work.  You can get the Twin Bute garment
. you want at any dealer.   Insist on the Union Label and the Twin
Bate Brand.   They are your protection. '
Made by Union Workers for Union Workers
\
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
WINES and LIQUORS
THE LAST DAYS
Are at hand. Do not forget that March 31st is the last day on which liquors can he delivered in British
Columbia, If you have not already laid in a little stock, order now—we pay all express charges. We
have been in business for the past twenty years, Our past record is a sufficient guarantee of the quality
of the goods.  Remit by cash, money order, bank draft or postof&ce order.
RYE Bottle Case
1—Fine Old Canadian Bye  81.78 $16.00
2—Same, Imperial quarts   2.25 22.50
3—H. & B. Gooderhom & Worts„.quorts  1.85 16.00
4— "        Imperial quarts  2.60 26.00
5— " Spoeial   2.00 18.00
6—Goodorham and Worts,    ordinary    quarts,
Distillery  bottling
, 2.00     17.00
7—Goodernm & Worts' Special, quurtB, Dis"
tillery bottling   2.25 19.00
8—Walker's Canadian Club   2.26 22.00
0—Walker's Imperial  ■  2.00 19.00
10—.Tosopli Seagram's S3   2.25 22.00
11— B. C. Special Dislillery bottling   2.26 22.00
SCOTCH WHISKY        Bottle Case
12—Ian Campbell's -Invorary  $2.75 $22.00
18—Ian Campbell's Invorary, Imperial quarts .... 3.50 32.00
14—Donald McGregor, ordinary quarts  2.76 24.00
15—Donald McGregor, Imperial quarts   3.60 34.00
1(1—Mackic's O. V., ordinary quarts   3.00 26.00
17—Mackie's O. V., Imperial quart!  3.76 36.00
IS—A. Graham, Houso of Lords  3.00 33.00
19—Train & Mclntyre's Veteran  .'.  3.00 33.00
20—Train & Mclntyro's Groy Labol   3.60 39.00
21—Kilmarnock Hod Label  >.  3.76 42.00
IRISH WHISKY Bottle Case
22—Pine Old XXX Irish  $278 $30.00
23—Fine Old XXX Irish, Imperial quarts  3.50 39.00
24—E. J. Burke, ordinary quarts  3.00 33.00
25—Busmill's, ordinary quarts   3.00 33.00
20—Mitchell's, Imperial quarts  '.  3.76 42.00
BRANDY Bottle Caso
27—J. Loduo *** Cognac, quarts $2.75 $30.00
28—.1. F. Martin "* Cognac, quarts   3.00 33.00
20—C. H. Lcvoir ••• Cognac, quarts  3.00 33.00
. *30—J, F. Martin *#* Cognac, Imperial quarts .. 3,*75 41.00
31—Hcnncssy ■"* Cognac, quarts   4.00 46.00
GIN Bottlo Cose
3C—Holland's Geneva, 12 quarts to case  $2.76 $30.00
37—Gold Cross Holland's, squaro Bottle   2.76 30.00
38—Monarch (Old Tom Gin)   2.76 30.00
39—Gordon's Dry   3.26 36.00
40—Sloe Gin   3.00 30.00
RUM Bottle   C*180
32—Old 38 Jamaica, quarts ..*. $3.00   $33.00
33—Old 38 Jamaica, Imperial quarts   3.76     42.00
34—Demerara, quarts   3.00     33.00
35—La Bonita, Jamaica, quarts   3.25   35.00
PORT AND SHERRY      Bottle Case
41—Fine Old Port  ., $1.50   $12.00
42— El Cajon Port   1.75     14.00
43—Superior Port   1.76   "14.00
44—Morgan's White Label   2.00     18.00
45— Morgan's Black Label  2.25     20.00,
40—Morgan's Yellow Label 2.50     24.00
NOTE—On all above brands deduct on,orders when all goods
are shipped at one time only.
Three bottles or more—16c each bottle.
Six bottlos or moro—26s each bottle.
"welve hottles or more—Case price net, no deduction.
_,  (One kind or assorted)
Gal.
 5 6.50
    7.00
    8.00
    7.00
    9.00
Gal.
RYE
47—Old Canadian  Kyo 	
48—Goodorham & Worts 	
49—Gooderham & Worts' Speciul 	
50—Hiram Walker's Old Rye 	
51—B. C. Distillery, Very Old 	
SCOTCH
52—Muckic 's Invorary  $11.00
53—Donald McGregor   12.00
54—Mnekio's V. 0  13.60
55—Douglas Grant   13.00
50—Catto 's Gold  Label   14.00
BRANDY Onl.
57—Jacques Ladue ***  $11.00
58—F. & .1. Martin ***  :.  12.00
59—Ch. Lcvoir *"   12.60
60—Barnot &' Elichagury  13.50
RUM Gnl.
61—H. & B. Jamaica $13.00
(12—11. 4 B. Domcroni   13.00
03—Old Navy Hub)    14.00
MN Oil*
(14—Monarch Old Tom  $ 8.00
(15—Bett's Old London Tom     8.00
(ill—Gordon's Dry  -.-.    9.00
07—Gold Cross Geneva     9.50
68—Do  Kuyper's    10.60
PORT
Gal.
09—H. & V. Fine Old $ 6.00
70—El Cajon    5.60
71—Superior Old    6.60
72—Morgan's No. 1     7.00
73—Morgan 's No. 3     8.00
74—Silva & Cozens    9.00
SHERRY Cal.
75—II. & B. Old Brown  if 5.00
7(1—El Cujon, well known     5.60
77—McKenzie's     6.50
78—Morgan's Pnlo     7.00
79—Morgan's Old Dry    8.00
LIQUEURS, CORDIALS AND BITTERS
8(1—Cherry Whisky  $ 3.00
81—Cherry Brandy   3.00
82—Ginger Whisky   3.00
Hlt-frGreeu  OhartreUSO,  lnrge    4.50
84—Yellow Chartreuse, largo   4.00
85—Creme De  Mcntho   3.00
80—Anisette    3.00
87—French   Vermouth   3.26
88—Italian  Vermouth   3.26
80—Angusturu Bitters   1.76
110—Orange Bitters   2.26
BEER, ALE AND STOUT
01—Cascade (Vancouver Breweries' Best)—
1 dozen quurts in ense  $ 3.15
2 dozen pints in case    3.26
,0 dozen qunrts in barrel  14.60
10 dozen pints in'burrcl   14.50
92—B. O. Export MBit Beer—
1 dozen quarts in ease     2.90
2 dozen pints in case     3.00
(i dozen quarts in burrel   13.76
10 dozen pints in bnrrol   13.75
03—Canadian Cream Stout—
1 dozen quarts in caso    8.16
2 dozen pints in caso    3.25
0 dozen quarts in barrel   14.60
10 dozon pints in barrel  :  14.60
Wc have about 200 cases of Assorted Clnrct and Burgundies
In stock. 1'riccB range from $7.00 up to $18.00 per caso.
Wo have 78 barrels of Budweiser, quarts, at $16.50 until sold.
EXPRESS MONEY ORDERS, PRICE LISTS AND PULL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM
THE HOSE & BROOKS CO., LIMITED   Hose & Brooks Oo
S06 MAIN ST.
VANCOUVER, B. C
PHONE SEY. 8258 || CALGARY
ALBERTA PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.	
•"'Buy Right and You'll Buy Less"
Claman's Canadian Clothes
for Spring
$20w$24
THESE Suits have newly arrived from
our Canadian factories, and suits of
equal quality fabrics are priced in other
stores at $25.00 and $30.00, but our large
buying power and "Right Selling Plan" allow us to give you men these qualities at
$20.00 and $24.00.
MMITCO     ~
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
THE ORIGINAL UNION OENTS' CLOTHING STOBE
Hawthornthwaite Measures
for Aid of Working Class
Are Not Favored
RAILWAY   FEDERATION
AFFILIATE WITH A. F. of L.
Entire Membership in Canada Fool Their Interests and Will Negotiate
Collectively
The System Federation of all Cnnnilian
railways—£. P. R., 0. N. It., G. T. P.and
government railway—have amalgamated and
affiliated, an Division 4, of the Railway Department of tho American Federation of
Labor, thus' bringing approximately 30,000
men into one organlutlon,
Futuro shedules ^Vill bo negotiated
through that body. The repri'suntativeii of
tho various Federated interests to tho num-
h-r of about 200 from all parts of Canada,
I Halifax to Vancouver, havo beon in session
| in Winnipeg sinco Monday, Feb. 26, and the
various delegates arc now returdlng to their
homes from Winnipeg.
Tho question aB to schedules for the various crafts has boen left in tho hands of tho
goneral executivo, and changes of hours of
laber and matters affecting rateB of pay will
bu dealt with by that body.
There is ono thing that ia stronger
than armies and that is an idea whose
timo hns gome.—Victor Hugo.
The Bible Students' petition is for
freedom of thought nnd Bpeech on religions issues. If you aro in sympathy
with ihis aim then sign it.   Seo page 5.
OPENING TOMORROW!
—AN ABSOLUTELY UNION HOUSE THROUGH AND THROUGH—
CLUB CAFE
612 PENDER STREET WEST
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Bates—50c, 75c and $1.00 Transient,       Permanent $2.00 per week up.
Move
Forward!
JOIN IN the maroh of progress and
get in line with those who are enjoying the advantages of our modern
system of tailoring. This season wc
have the most complete range of finest
spring and summer patterns in high-
grade woolens. Prices not much higher
than ready-made; fit positively guaranteed or we keep thc suit. Give us a
call and wc are sure to satisy you.
| MEN'S SUITS from $30,00 I
LADIES' SUITS from $35.00
B.CTailoring Co.
Union Shop   128 Hastings St. E.   Est 1910
Buy at Wholesale
Shareholders save Ten to Fifteen
per cent, on Groceries and from four
to eight cents per pound on Meats.
Become a member and save money.
The Emporium Co., Limited
823 ORANVILLE STREET
PHONE SEY. 908
Por membership apply to The  London Mi nance Co., 614
Bower Building.   Seymour 3223.
So-Called Friends of Labor
Will Be Shown in
True Colors
VICTORIA, March 6.—Remember all
tho protestations of regard the Liberal
candidates mado during the general
election? Remembering this, then try
to remember what these same chaps
have done since getting into office. They
haven't done a thing and, more than
that, they will do their bost to chock-
mate anything which J. H. Hawthorn-
thwaito, Ihe Labor man who is the solitary representative of the working class
in tho legislature may offor. Hawthornthwaite has a number of bills which he
proposes to bring bofore his colleagues
this session, all in the interests of the
laboring man, but it is figured, sizing
up thc bunch, that they will be opposed strenuously on general principles.
But in opposing them, they are going
to meet in-tho Labor representative, a
good fighter who will bring out before
ho is through some information as to
whore some of the honoroblo gentlemen "of the government, and of the opposition also, stand aa regards the
working class.
An instance of tho opposition to the
Labor member was in tho efforts ho
mado on Wednesday in tho matter of
tho moratorium for soldiers who hud
mining claims. Ho endeavored to mako
it fair for tho co-owners with tho'soldiers whom the govornment proposes
to dispossess if they do not do thoir
share of tho assessment work. The bill,
which was passed without the imprtWe-
hionts proposed by Mr. Hawthornthwaite, gives tremendous powors to the
minister of mines, Hon. Bill Sloan of
Nanaimo, who sets himself up as the
know-it-all of the legislature whon it
comes to things in connection with mining, Sloan, by the way, ran round the
Yukon in tho early days with holes in
his trousers, struck it rich one day
without effort, returned to civilization
and now has a great reputation as a
mining" man and loves to refer to
his "prospecting" and "mining" experience As a,mutter of fact, what
Bill doos not know would fill a tremendous book—about mining and several other things,
B.it in tho adminiatration of tho
mining department he, like T. Duffcrin
Patullo, another good-looking nian of
the legislature, is evidently trying to
put through such legislation as will
mako him personally tho solo arbiter
of disputos of whatsoever nature, and
give him power to establish values on
property which may revert to the crown
or may be taken such as Patullo proposes in the caso of spruce timber. As
to the latter, tho dapper little minister
proposed, by his bill to enact a law
giving power to tako spruce wherever
the government pleases, to make himself tho solo umpiro and decision-maker
as to the valuo of such spruco as may
be taken and also to give him the
authority to deputize this powor to anybody ho thinks fit. Which is, as was
pointed out by W. J. Bowser, rather
dangerous to the welfare of tho genernl
public.
The
Suit Dept
Is Completely Ijeady To
Attend To Your Needs
THOSE who desire to
make selection now
may do so with assurance that the most
popular styles are
available in our new
assortments. The
showing is such as to
merit the consideration of every woman
who is interested in
suits for Spring wear.
Note the following:
—Suit of fine quality navy
blue serge is made on tail- j
ored lines and features
side belts and side pleats.
The model is finished with
bone buttons and is satin-
lined. Skirt is in a three-
piece style, $32.50*
—Suit of fine serge, in
pretty shade, is of a fancy
order, having novelty
silk collar, fancy stitching
and novelty pockets. Covered buttons are used to
splendid advantage. Three
piece skirt, $42.50.
«
—Other New Models from
$25.00 and up.
575 Granville Vhone Sey. 3540
...March 8, 1918
PARENTAL SCHOOL IS
OPPOSED BY COUNCIL
{Continued from Page One.)
WANT MORE PAY
High Cost of Living Affects
Patience of Long Suffering Worker
The Civic Employees, ut thoir regular
meeting last Friday, lived up, to their
reputation of being one of the most progressive and active unions in tho city.
The meeting was well attended, over
one hundred members being present,
and a larger percentage than usual participated in the discussion of tho various itoms of business.
Twelve applications for membership
were received, and tho new members
obligated.
The roforondum from the B. C. Fedoration of Labor was dealt with by the
meeting, and tho proposed increase in
per capita tax was adopted unanimously, as well as tho other amendment to
the constitution douling with the recall
of offlcors.
J, H. McVety, manager of the Labor
Temple, addressed the meeting on tho
proposal of tho Labor Temple directors
that each mombor of organized labor
should purchase threo shares in the
Labor Temple Co., in order to relieve
the company of its financial difficulties.
Tho speaker gave a brief but interesting outline of the history of the Labor
Temple, and what it meant to tho
Labor movement of tho city and answered a number of questions.
Tho meeting later, after some discussion, decided unanimously to assess each
member one dollar per month for three
months for the purposo of purchasing
shares in tho Labor Templo Co*, Ltd.
Tho question of wages was also discussed, and considerable dissatisfaction
was expressed over the "sliding scale"
of wnges still being paid by the city
council. Some- of tho men employed by
the city are only receiving $3 per day,
and it is generally agreed that no ono
can live on that sum In these days of
high patriotism and eost of living.
Tho organization has askod the city
couneil to pny tho men for all legal
holidays and the engineer has been instructed to report on the estimated cost
to tho city if they comply with this request.
When a bunker lends me money I
have to pay him five, six or ton per
rent, interost, perhaps more. When I
lend tho banker monoy by depositing it
in his bank so that ho may invest it in
various financial enterprises of secured
return he pays me anywhere from nothing to two per cent. Whon I lend thc
banker money, I lend him my own
money; when tho banker lends me
money, he lends me some other man's
money and not Iris* own. I would like
to be a banker.—l'uck.
soldier, and the imposing of a sentence
of threo years for the theft of a letter
containing $9.75, and stating the fact
that Wilson, who has a wife and threo
children, was receiving only $16.50 a
week in thc government service, had
contributed to his downfall. Tho cooperation of the council in trying to
secure mitigation of tho -miltence was
askod, and this was agreed to.
A resolution was received from the
board of trade asking that a conference
bo arranged between tho members of
that board and six representing tho
Trades and Lubor Council with a view-
to drawing up recommendations to the
government, with regard to questions of
labor, production and tho developing
of the resources of B. C. Tho recommendation of tho executive was that
the delegates bo appointed.
Del. Kavanaugh said the object of
tho board of trade was clear and that
was to eliminate certain measures that
were leading to the striko that was
certain to come. The business of the
Labor men was to get as much ns they
could for their services. If the bonrd
of trado wished to deal with tho roturned soldiers they could do so and
tho returned soldier would deal with
them. '
Tho following woro named by thc
presidont to represent tho council in
the conference with the board of
trade: Delegates Showier, McVety,
Midgley, Trotter, Hardy and Gutteridge.
Business Agent Midgley told the
council the reason the executive hnd
adopted thc resolution, and said the
board of trado thought this would lead
to harmony between them, a statelnent
which was received with general
laughter. Mr. Midgley added thnt
nothing would be lost by selecting six
delegates.
On a vote being taken 51 supported
tho executive's recommendation and 40
against, and it was declared carried.
A letter wa* received from tlie Civic
Employee!*' union stating that the scnlo of
pay for civic gardonon hod now been fixed
at $4 for eight houra a day, with Saturday
half holiday, nil overtime to rnte an timo
and a half, and legal holidays double time.
Messrs. Hood and Bezley of the International Bible Students' Association appeared
before the council and askod tho delegate
to Blgn the petition protesting against the
muzzling of thc press of Canada in regnrd
to tho "Finished Mystery," Tha petition
was laid on tho table for signatures.
Tho council's business <#gent, in the course
of his report, Muled thnt the Warehousemen
had held an organization meeting and were
successful lu getting many new m?inbers;
thc Hod Carriers and Builders had alao
managed to round up more members) tlie
loco atrike had hcon satisfactorily settled,
and that there had been an orgnnization
mjetlng of the South Vancouver civic employees.
Benorts From Unions
Machinists—An agreemont had beon presented to thu garage owners for higher wuges
and replies had beon received from some
favoring the demands and others wero opposed. Ford, agents were tho worst offenders.
Butchers—Fairly satisfactory,
J. L, A.—Cabaret ond danco on1 Mnrch 21,
in Lester Court.
Retail Cl.'rks—Membership increased, but
branch wants more Bympathy from organized
Labor.
Cooks and Waiters—Membership Ih growing but organised Labor is not giving proper
support to union cafes. Del. Mcintosh reported 1)6 had seen sixteen men wearing
union buttons going Into Chines; antes.
Garment Workors—-Del, Miss Gutteridgo
made a similnr report, und said tlio worst
offenders were the shipyard employees, who
preferred chiftp Chinese products to thoso
made  by white nirls.
Cigar Makers—Tho demand for union-
miide cigars might be greator.
Steam Fitters—The ngltntlon for an eight-
hour day for tlie Km: in ecru Is bearing fruit.
Tlu membership u Increasing. A petition
signed by l!,.t00 had been sent to victoria
asking fur an eicht-hour day and in case
tin   government  did  not   agree   to   the   En
gineers' demands, thero waa going to be
trouble.
Shoemakers—Local making good progress.
Letter Carriers—Tho union is taking up
the wages question for a $20 a month increase,and had received $100 a year bonus.
■Plumbers—Demnnd for extra dollar a day
Is being mado on the employers.
Barbers—Too many organized Labor men
supporting non-union shops.
Teamsters and Truck Drivers—Tho membership is new up to 900 and the government mail drivers have joined to & man.
Shipwrights— "Everything Is O. K." was
the delegate's report. Tho local had unanimously agreed to the extra levy for The
Federationist.
Shipyard Laborers—Over 700 members initiated in thiB new union.
Civic Employees—The vote to take stock
in the Labor Temple and to pay the extra
levy for The Fedorationist was unanimously
adopted.
Pattern Makers—Membership is now 158.
M^ll and Factory Workers—Demand has
been made for $1 a day for help and $4.50
for skilled labor. Many firms were willing
to meet this demand, but others, Including
Hanbury, and Robertson & Hackett were opposed. The local is trying to call out the
workors in the last-mentioned yard.
Musicians—The membership has increased
in a year from 65 to 200.
President Kelly said it was his intention
to bring up some of these reports at the
next meeting of the Longshoremen's union,
chiefly those in regard to organized Labor
supporting non-union shops and cafes.
The "P.B." System
On motion of Del. J. H. McVety, th©
motion npproving of the system of proportional representation in tho election of officers of the council was finally adopted.
School Trusteu Act
The council was engage*? for somo time
in considering the proposed amendments to
tho School Act, Only ono cluase was takon
exception to, that was with reference to the
establishment of a parental school.
Truant Officer Inglis appeared to explain
the clause and said that thiB parental school
would be in tho nature of a private boarding
school.
Del, McVety OBkod if tho word "disorderly" did not mean that a boy would bo sent
to this school, and Mr. Inglis replied If tho
boy refused to go to school ho would ho
considered disorderly.
Attention was drawn by Del. Trotter to
the fnct that this clause contained only the
word "he" and not "she," and also to the
fact that a child of seven years could be
considered disorderly. A child might bo dull,
or worse still, bright, which the teacher
might not appreciate, and if so it was a
disorderly porson. Ho did not think thnt
tbo council should submit to such a proposition, delegating the powor of parents to n
teacher for the time being. In tho caso of
a widow with children the law provided for
that.
Del, Toungash thought that tho blame for
street trnding should not be thrown on the
child and to bring tho mattor to a head Del.
McVety moved that tho council disapprove
of the clause in question,
Ono phas.' of thc question not touched by
other delegates was referred to by Del. Kav-
unnugli. This wns tho teaching the children
aro getting in regard to thn war. If a child
told its teacher what its fnth »r taught him
—thnt there was no glory in Franco, against
the teaching given in the school, that child
would bo sent to tho parental school.
Del. Midgley asked if the trading by children on the streets nlso applied to public
begging by childron on the streets for pntriotic purposes,
Mr. Inglis said that wns covered by the
Dominion  law,
Eventually thc rocommendntion of the
executive asking for lha deletion of this
clnusc,   wns  adopted.
It wns decided thnt the secretary Write
tho attorney-general, Mr. J, H. Hawthornthwaite and Mrs. Smith, of the decision nf
tho council.
Condemn Poll Tax
On motion of Del. Winch, a resolution
was pnssed informing the provincinl government that the council opposed the poll tax,
nnd asking for its abolition.
Statistics of A. A. S. & R.
Show Executive Administration of Funds
The Union Leader, the Chicago organ
of the Amalgamated Association
Street and Electric Railway Employees
of America, just to hand, contains some
statistics that should prove of more
than usual interest to local streot railwaymen. In 1917, no less than $625,-
772.04 was paid in the form of benefit
to the members, giving an average of
$1,714.44 or at tho rate' of $1.19 every
minute of the year. This will givo the
members of thc local division somo
idea how tho funds are being disbursed
frota yoar to year.
For funeral, disability and old-age
benofitB, the international paid out in
tho twelve months $330,539.40 or woll
on to a thousand dollars per diem.
Thirty-seven local divisions paid in
1917, funeral bonefits ot the extent of
$130,828.75, while sick benefits totalled
$98,914.79.
On sick and funeral benefits, 172 divisions mado reports to thc genernl offico. Those reports showed that 87 divisions huve established regular sick
bonefits and that 29 divisions donate
during illness. Tho weokly bonefits
range from $2 to $10, but the majority of tho divisions pay $5.
Twelve local divisions pay bonefits to
their members on tho death of a member's wifo and eight looaK divisions
pay benefits on the death of a member's child.
Tho members of tho Chicago division
havo just completed the construction of
ono of the finest structures in tho
Wind;y City and thc dedication of this
building has been fixed for April 1,
which will bo the sixteenth aniversnry
of the institution of Division 241. Business Agent Hoover of Vnncouver division who has seen this building says
that it is a credit not only to tho city
of Chicago but to tho street railway-
men and to tho cause of Labor as
wholo.
Tools for Men
of AU Trades
Flett's "Union Shop" is the most
satisfactory placo for you to equip
yourself with tools. There you have
a very-large selection of tools for
men of all trades—Mechanics—Machinists—House Carpenters and for
men in all departments at the shipyards. Prices show tremendously
good value.
A good plan is to come in and talk
with our tool expert—he knows
tools and can help you in your purchase.
Tools for Shipyards
Scratch Awls (also known as Base
Knives and Timber Scribes).        '
Campbell's Lipped Adzes.
Mauls.
Caulking Irons, etc., otc.
(UNION SHOP)
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
TOOLS — PAINTS — HARDWAEB
339 HASTINGS WEST,   Near Homer
bnt no ono has dared to challenge. All
the problems of small nationalities, Ireland, Africander, Alsace, Polish, Czechs
and Croats are insoluble undor a system
of society whoso kernol is tho exploitation of wago-labor by capital. There
is no escape from the tyranny of the
big stato ovor tho small nation except
through socialism; for the big Btate is
tho visible form of big capital. Only
in tho triumph of tho international proletariat will bo heard tho last of Al-
snce-Lorraino and Ireland.
STREET CAR MEN TO
AMEND THE BYLAWS
Motormen   and   Conductors'   Bowling
Team Hurls Challenge to
All-Comers    '
Any trouble that promised to develop
amongst tlio street railwaymen of Seattle hus been settled to tho satisfaction
of all parties. Business Agent Hoover
reportod on his return from the Rose
City this week. In Seattle everything
was working smoothly as ho passed
through tho Soand city, he says, and
there was nothing special to engage his
attention there.
Membors of Division 101 hav* been
called to moot on Wednesday evening
next  for tho  purposo  of  considering
amendments to the bylaws, and, as the
business is of an important character
it is requested that thero bo a record
attendance that night.
By the way, the motormen and conductors are out with a challenge to allcomers for a bowling competition at
the Cunningham alleys, Main street. All
communications on this matter can bo
addressed to "Capt." H. S. Cameron.
Two membors of thc division aro
still on tho sick list. They are Bro.
George Bray, who has undergone a serious operation within tho past few days
and who is still in the General Hospital. Members will bo glad to know
thnt ho is doing well. Bro. C. Hague
is making as rapid progress toward
recovery as can be expected nftor bis
encounter with the jitney on Main
street. It will bo nnother month before ho is ablo to drive his ear again.
Two members have changed their addresses as follows: P. Young, to 5023
St. Catherine streot, South Vancouver,
and C. D. Holdon, from 400 Sixth avenue east, to 049 Thirteenth street east.
Karl Marx wrote: "In the same measure as thc exploitation of ono individual by another is ended, the exploitation of ono nation by another will be
ended also." That (says thc South African International) iB a self-evident
proposition which many havo ignored,
"toljtott-QIraft"
Quality Clothes'
SPRING
OPENING
Now ready to show;
newest models and patterns in men's clothes,
tailored in our own
idealistic way.
Cost of making and
materials have advanced considerably, but we
still retain our standards for value, fit and
workmanship.
Thos.Foster&Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
Men's Union
Made Shoes
—You can get them at this store
We offer full lines of high-grade footwear
for Union Men, made in the establishments
of John McPherson, Factory No. 88, and
J. T. Bell, Factory No. 216.
These factories are "Union" throughout.
We take pleasure in placing their products
before Vancouver Trades Unionists. See
that the "Union Label" is on every pair.
Full Lines-All Grades-All Styles
ipb to vplZ
Per Pair
33-45-47-49, flashings St. East*.

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