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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 22, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH   ^ OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADEB AND LABOR CO UNCIL. AND B. 0. FEDERATION OP LABOR ,>?—***.     „
TENTH YEAR.   No. 8
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22, 1918
POLITICAL UNITT:   VIOTON
General Strike Is Probable In
*+**>»•** **»»»»» ('■«'.'      ******* *******
Shipyards and Machine Shops
position of
n of the
Metal Trades Council Flatly Turn Down
Deputy Minister of Labor for An Arbi
Differences with Imperial Munitior f ioard—
Men Declare There Is Nothing to Arbitrate
ON SHE AI
Unless Representatives of Munitions Board Decides to
Abide by Its Agreement, Shipyards and Also All Machine Shops in Vancouver, Victoria and New
Westminster Will Be Pulled—8000 will Strike
Unless representatives ot' the Imperial Munitions Board, and employers oL' labor in machine shops in Vancouver, Victoria and New
Westminster, agree to abide by the decision of the wage adjustment
board of the United States, and grant in tbe case of the shipyards an
additional 10 per cent, increase in wages, and in the case of thc
machine shops the same schedule as will then be in effect at the shipyards, a general strike of workers in these industries is probable for
March 1.
This was indicated very strongly in the attitude of the Metal Trades
Couneil, on Wednesday night, when it unanimously refused to accept
the proposal for a board of arbitration submitted by J. D. McNiven,
provincial deputy minister of labor. The men have nothing to arbitrate. A straight agreement was made by R. P. Butchart, as chairman
i'or the imperial Munitions Board on this coast, that the schedule of
wages adopted on the American side by the U. S. adjustment board,
would bc applied in British Columbia yards.
Notices Sont to Machino Shops
On Wednesday -t^e Metal TradeB
Council sent out new agreements to
all of the machino shops demanding
that these pay the samo schedule as
demanded of the Imperial Munitions
board and other shipbuilding concerns.
Tho agreements coll for a settlement
ou March 1.
Auto Mechanics May Also Oo Out
The itrike is likely also to involve
employees of garages and automobile
mechanics, this branoh of tho Machinists lodges having also sont n
notico demanding increased pay and
better working conditions to go into
effect on March 1.
lt is estimated fully eight thousand
men will be affected nnd some fourteen shipyards, wooden and steel, bo
tied up, as well os uumerous largo and
small machine shops.
Negotiations with Mr. Butchart
havo boen going on for months and
tho representatives of tho men have
been prepared to moot Mr. Butchart
moro than half way.
How the Mattor Stands
The Labor representatives havo
made a fair proposition. Tho wholo
questiom hinges oa thc 10 per cent,
increase originally granted by the
United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet corporation as a bonus,
but wliich became a straight increase
iu pay on February J. The Canadian
board agreed to adjust tho wage scale
in British Columbia on thc basis of
tho agreement reached wilh the Pacific coast yards of the United States.
Tho shipbuilding representatives are
only asking that tho local authorities
live up to their agreemoul.
Following is a atatement of the
situation iu a nutshell:
Tho statement submitted Dec. 6,
1917, by tho United States Navy department and the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet corporation, following the finding of the adjustment board, tlio finding of whieh
was  accepted  by   tho  workors  under
EPH
Un ~J11
'   \\W'^,^mW'-'>*\
w\m
B \   \ _'__& >%_
m^x\m il
WALTEE HEAD
Vico-tirasidont of tho B. O. Federation of
LuIjoi- for Vuncoitver Island, other tlmn
Victorin city, of South Wellington, Mr.
Head is also an active worker for the
Federated Labor Party and tho Soutli
Wellington local of the U. M. W, of A.
His correspondent' from weok tn week in
The Foderntionist mnkoH any further introduction unnecessary.
Company Officials Agree to
All Demands Except
Shorter Hours
Employees Have All Joined
Union and Will Affiliate
With Labor Council
With tho exception of a few men
who are needed to guard the plant
against fire, all tho employees of the
Imperial Oil company at loco are out
on strike and tho plant is closed pending further negotiations. The mon
havo forhied a union ond applied for
affiliation with the Trades and Lnbor
Council.
The question of hours is thc only
difference remaining between tho company and employees. Tho men asked
for nn increased rato of pay for all
mechanics and laborers, and for an
eight-hour day and time-nnd-n-half for
overtime. Thc management was prepared to meet tho demnnds for increased pay all round and grant the
eight hours to mechanics, but not to
men working on the still who work two
twelve-hour shifts,
Tho men desired throe eight-hour
shifts on tho still but the company
j would not agree to this. Therefore,
protest pending"on appenl to Wash- the strike la Btill on. Victor B. Midg-
ington, was as follows: "In order to 'ley, business agent for tho Trades and
provido a proper stimulus to increase j Labor Council, who assisted in thc or-
tho output of ships in tho shipyards ganization of the men and tho ncgotia-
of tho Pacific coast, and in order to  tions with the manngemont, is hopeful
Joint Advisory  Committee
Will Attempt to Work
Together
A genuine spirit of corporation between hitherto widely divergent bodies
is rapidly making itself manifest
throughout tho eountry. In Vancouver
preliminary steps have already been
taken for conferences between the G.
W. V. A. nnd tho B. C. Federation of
Labor, and the Board of Trade now
suggests tho desirability of meeting
with the Trades aud Labor council for
mutual discussion of various important
matters. A decided effort is being made
in certain quarters to establish a lasting uuion between tho two political par-
ties. Thero nover was n time when this
unity spirit was more necessary than at
tho present juncture, when only by a
thorough co-operation of all interests
can the powor be attained to prOBOCUtb
the war to a victorious conclusion. The
signs of the limes give rise to a feeling
that the people will bo unwilling to return to the pre-war days of incompetence, corruption and mist, anngoment of
publie affairs, and that efficiency nnd
uprightness will be demanded of all who
desire to hold public office. Every encouragement should be givon to the
forces which at present arc seeking a
common bnsis of agreement and understanding, for even though only partial
unity be attained, naught b.it good cnn
result.—The B. C. Veterans Weekly.
IL OUTLINE PUN
10 RESTORE
TEMPLE
Directors of Labor Temple
Plan to Address Local
Organizations
Will Make Personal Statements   and   Answer
All Questions
At a mooting of tho directors of tie
Labor Tomplo company last Monday
night it was decided to writo to each
local requesting that they hold special
meetings, or set somo special timo at
thoir regular mootings, when thc plans
for tho restoration of tho Labor
Temple, from the hands of tho
receiver, will be oatlincd. Such
unions as cnn not very well
arrango spccinl meetings for this
purpose, can notify tho directors as
to the particular time in tho proceedings whou representatives mny be
heard on tho subject.
It was decided [that personal explanations of tho situation would bo
moro valuable thnu to outline thc
scheme in letters. By the persona!
plan of putting tho subject beforo tho
various locals, the requirements cnn be
better impressed, and, in addition,
thoso who mny desiro to ask questions
will have tho opportunity.
WANTS TO ORGANIZE
LABOR   CHESS   CLUB
Believed to Be a Number of Fine Chess
Players Connected with the
Labor Movement
Bro. M. A. Phelps, financial secretary
of the Shipyard Laborers, who is a
chess player of considerable local note,
would liko to see a Labor Chess club
organized. Yesterday, ho said ho be-
lieved thero were a number of excellent chess players iu the Labor movement and if a club could bo started
thoBo would have opportunity of pursuing a very enticing pastime. Bro.
Tree, of tho Longshoremen, at one timo
was considered one of the best in the
west.
L   &'_
Encourage men who livo at great distances to leave their homes and enter
on servico in tho shipyards, tho United
States Shipping Board Emergency
Fleet corporation will pay to all employees of shipyards on the Pacific
const, with tho exception of those
working undor the Seattle agreement,
n war sorvico pnyment of 10 per cent,
offective on and* after Dec. 15, 1917,
to nil men who work for six consecutive days in nny week a total of not
loss than 48 hours, provided that men
CAMPAIGN   AGAINST
UNFAIR RESTAURANTS
Cooks and Waiters Plan to Bring Unfair Cafes Into Line and Stop
Union Patronage
Several downtown cafes which have
not yot signed    agreements   with the
provented from working on account of I°ca! and which continue to obtain n
ony   unavoidable   cause,   will   not   bo  considerable amount of    business    of
that n settlement will bo arrived nt.
denied the benefits provided for under
this stntoment. The pnyment to bo
computed on straight time nt the minimum rate provided in the award and
on Feb. 1, 1918, a further stimulus to
attract men to the shipbuilding industry will be provided by converting the
abovo tn a permnnent increase of 10
per eent. nn the adjustment board
rntes, provided that nothing in this
momnrnndmn shall prevent n rehearing of this mntter by the wnge ndjustment bonrd.
For Six Months
It is stipulnled thnt for the purpose
of such rehenring. tlie award of tho
adjustment board shall be considered
as expiring at nil Pacific const plants
six months from the dnte at which the j
nwnrd become effective in the Puget
Sound district, that is, Feb. _, 1918."
It is on this statement that the shipyard workers on this sido base their
claim, wliich they assert is as clear
daylight, in view of the fact thai
tho bonus, granted on Dec. 15, beenmc
l "straight, incrense" on Feb. 1.
On thc other hnnd, tho Imperial Munitions board look upon tho increase
as a bonus and refuse to acknowledge
thut tho workers on this side have a
claim on the "straight increase."
union men who do not stop to consider
whether these ho,ises arc or nro not
fnir to orgnnized Lnbor, will shortly
havo thc subject put up to them by
officinls of the Cooks, Waiters and
Waitresses. While the majority of
downtown cafes have signed the agree
ments, some have not. Members ot
other unions are asked to seo thnt hu
fore putronizing any cafe that thr
union card is displayed.
MAY ORGANIZE HINDU
I WOODYARD   DRIVERS
Subject Was Discussed at Meeting of
1       Drivers on Tuesday Night at
* Lahor Temple
Ab a great many Hindu drivers of
wood wagons are employed by tho fuel
and mill companies, tho subject of the
organization of this class of labor into
a union separate from the other drivers
is being mooted. It is roported that
the leaders among thc Hindus nro ready
to fall in lino with the suggestion,
recognizing that, under present conditions, tho employers aro giving them the
i*>/rst of It by roason of their unorganized Btate.
General
Teamsters and
Chauffeurs
Union
Local 658
Mass Meeting
Labor Temple
Wednesday, Feb. 27th
At 8 p.m.
Speakers: G. J. Kelly
and J. H. McVety.
Business: Re Lnbor Temple
Co. raising tho ducB.
Make a point of being
there and join in the
discussion.
MEN AT SEATTLE
International Sends  Sixth
Vice-President to Aid of
Neighboring Union
In connection with some difficulties
which it ia understood that street-rail*
wtiymon of Seattle ure having, H. C,
Hoover, businoss ugent of the International, is in Scuttle, nnd is oxpectod
to bc absent several dnys.
Members of tho locnl 'will lenrn with
regret thc serious accidont which befell Bro. Williamson who was Injurod
while assisting nnother in touring down
n houso nt North Vnncouvor. A portion
of the building collapsed, pinning Bin.
Williamson underneath. He is reported
to be slightly improved,
Bro. P. Olson is still on the sick list.
Bin. Heath of 1072 Twenty-seventh
avonuo enst is vory ill with paralysis
and is expected to be ou the sick "lisl
for a considornblo tiaio.
Bro.  VV, Bishop hns been call'
by the military authorities.
up
Pressmen's Ooncort Tonight
A "comfort ooncort" will be given
by the Vnncouver Printing Prosmnon's
union, No. li!), for their soldier members
oversells, in tho Lubor Temple, this
evening.
Large Gathering at Labor
i  Temple Saturday Night
Will Hear Party Aims
J. H. Hnwthornthwuitc, M.L.A. for
Newcastle, and solo representative of
Lnbor in tho provincial house, and E.
T. Kingsley, on Saturday night will
address a mass-meeting at tlio Labor
Templo under the uuspiccs of tlio recently-organized Federated Labor
Party. A large attendance is expected, not only of those who have already
joined tho party, but of others who
will desire to hear Labor's exposition
of tho principles of tho new working-
class political organization.
This will be tho ilrst timo Mr. Hawthornthwaite has spoken hero sinco the
B. 0. P. of L. convention, following
which thc Federated Lubor Purty was
formed.
Satisfactory reports arc reaching the
secretnry from a number of provincial
points nnd the enthusiasm which marked tho organizntion mooting in Vnncouvor is very much moro thnn a local
feature.
Unsolicited subscriptions nre Iho best
proof of the sincerity of these expressions, the concensus of opinion being
summed up tlusly:
"We've been waiting fur jUSj Hll(.i,
a lend—the boys will bn with you."
"Kind sub. enclosed and more coming."
"The time is ripe and she looks liko n
winner."
Opportunity will be afforded both before nnd nfter Saturday's meeting to
sign applications nnd take out member*
ship curds. Intending members through'
out Ihe provinco should mnke application to the vice-president of Ihe district
nearest to thom who will Issue recoipts
nnd membership curds, nnd from whom
letuils of Ihe organization in their dis
Iriet cnn be obtained,
MACHINISTS AUXILIARY
IS NEW ORGANIZATION
A Welcome Aid to the Machinists Has
Been Organlted and Will Look
After Social End
A social evening will be arranged ii
the near future by , the Machinists
Wives, Mothers and Sisters association,
which was organized last Friday night,
at a well-attended meeting in the Labor
Templo. A large numbor of ladies are
interesting themselves in thc movemont
which is expected to grow nnd to extend to othor organizations. Auxiliaries
eaa be of much good to the Labor move*
men, especially in looking after the
social ond, and tho Machinists are proud
of boing the ilrst local to start tho
orgnnization of their women folk.
Are Now the Lowest Paid
and Longest Worked Industry in This City
On March 1 tho automobile local,
No. 720, will make demand on all garages for better working conditions and
wages. This soction was only recently
organized, but already a largo propor-
tion of the employees in tho industry
aro members ond thoy now feel confident enough of thoir strength to mako
ond_ enforco better conditions all round.
It Ib stated thero is not another class
of labor in Vancouvor which is com-
pelted to work for such low wnges and
for so loog hoars.
The decision to demand now terms
was mndo at the mooting inst Monday
night. It was also decided to affiliate
with tho Trados and Labor Council,
Bros. Youngnsh, Howard, Boll und Taylor being elected delegates.
Tho local is steadily adding now
members, some fifty joining during this
month thus far.
B
Butchers Local Building Up
Although organized only last September, tlio Hoteliers nre going stn.ng,
nnd IS new m-omborS ^oro enrolled nt
tlio lust meeting. Tlio men nro Inking
a deep interest in the success of their
orgnnizntion. There me very few ment
cutters, probably net moro thnn live,
in the onl ire city who do not belong
to the locnl.
Nominated on Law Committoe
Word wfta received by Duncan MeCullum, president of tlie B. C. P. of
U, yesterday of his nomination by ~M
lodges on the general Inw committee
of the Internntionnl Association of Maohiniata. Ho was nlso nominated nn a
delegate to the Dominion Trades and
Lnbor Congress. He intends to accept
nomination in tho firat instanco and
decline tho latter.
According to a report from Winnipeg,
tho committeo appointed lo bring about
an agreemont aa to what ahall constitute a minimum wnge for women, haa
roported to thc logialuture that Officials
of Labor and tho employers have fuilod
I to arrivo at an agreement.
orrioEns or the fedeiuted
LABOR PARTY
Vn-Kidunt—Cloriloii     J.     Kully,
Yiirii-tiuvi-i-,
Boorotnry—W. ft. Trotter, Uijor
Tomplo, Vancouvor.
3?raflBUror--»tlM iUU.ni. Gut-
lOHUgO,  Labor T.ni|ih-,  Vnncouver.
yicd-prosldonti — Vletoriu, J.
linkers; Vancouvor IsIiuhI, T.
Wostwoll, Smith Wellington] Vim-
COUVOr, K. T. Kinsley, R, H. N,*c-
lands;    Now   Westminster,    VV.
Vulcs; l'rincr ItUport, Geo. H.
(Jinn*); WcKt Ktiotenny (north),
H. Kompstor, Itovolsiako I West
Koototmy (south), P, Posorlll, Nelson; Oiuws Nost 1'iihh, H, BOftrtl,
Michel | Boundary,   Jnn. Roberts,
('riltern; Sitnilkinii.'i'ti, \V. Hmilii,
Hfldloy,
THE FEDERATED LABOR
1'ARTV Ib organiKOd Tor ihe jmr-
noso of BccuriiiK imliiNtriti] legislation, nnd for thn Collective own-
ershi|. uml (leimiernttc ojiernlion of
the moans of wenlth production..
Tlie liietulferBliip fee In fixed nt
$1 per yenr, 60 centa of whicli
goes to tho centrnl connnUlco for
tho purpuHD of defraying rxpcnucH
of Kenernt orgnnizntion work.
Tho inemlierBliip roll In open in
riu'li olectorii) district and all persona aro Invited to sign who aru
willing to and endorso tho olijcctB
of tho organiaatlon.
Apply to tho vico-presldent of
your dlBtrlct for furthor information.
Similkameen Boys Will Also
Boost the Federated
Labor Party
HEDLEY, B. C, Feb. 18.—All the
miners hore are highly delighted ovor
tho organization of the new Fotfrrritod
Labor Party. They will sign up, aa
soon ns tho printed mntter renches
them, from Secretnry Trottor, to a man.
Wo appreciate thnt the only, way to
make the movement a success ia to get
right ia and dig and this we nre going
to do.
The recent convention of the B. C.
F. of L. wns the best ono I ever attended. I never heard so much clenn
discussion nnd tho money expended by
tho B. C. locals represented wns certninly well spent this time.
Wo have an nil-union camp here and
a good lot of boys; till willing and
ready to push tlio good work along.
Aa vice-president for this district I
will do my utmost to make the Federated Labor Party branch hero a going
concern from the stnrt, and this will
bc comparatively easy, for I will have
the backing of 'tho workers of the entire enmp. Hedley will keep up its
end, no mntter what tho pace.
When the timo conies for our member of the provincial houso, J. H, Hawthornthwaite, to tour the province, we
want him to visit this district. There
is Bro. Logie at Summerland, always
ready nnd willing to do his bit; Bert
Campbell of the Typo, union ut Vernon, nnd others ull over tho map, who,
I am sure, will do their part.
Moody Mine Seat of Trouble
Owned by Mackenzie
and Mann
H. KEMPSTER
An official of tlio :Macilinlnts, union at Revol-
Btojcj and vice-president of the B. C. Federated Labor Party for Wost Kootenay
(north), who has boen identified with tho
organized Labor movement of tho province for many years.
OF
Nanaimo   Wage   Workers
Plan Active Campaign
of Organization
NANAIMO, B. C, Feb. 18.-Our
ilrst orgnnization mooting on bohnlf of
tho Federated Labor Party was hold in
Dominion hall last evening. Everybody
is pleased with the turnout. It augurs
well for tho success of the movement.
Wo nil feel that the new party was thc
right thing launched at tlio right timo.
A second meoting will bo hold neit
Sunday evoning, the 24th, when we
hopo to havo all tho necessary printed
mutter on hand from Secretary Trotter,
so that we can begin to enroll our membership in conformity with the system
adopted by the party all over the provinco.
Secrotary Nowton advises mc thnt on
March 3rd a mass-meeting will bo hold
nnd that J. H. Hawthornthwaite, member for Newcastle, and B. P. Pottipioce,
manager of The EedcratiNoaist, will
bo tho speakers.
Foderationist readers will Bee that
tho "Nanaimo sprit" is boing restored
to its formor self, which will spell victory for oar class when the neit olection rolls round.
AGAIN ON STRIKE
Want Pay for Overtime and
Restoration of Previous
Working Conditions
Fedoral Fnir Wnge Officer Bulger loft
ngnin this wei'k fur Union Bay, Vancouver Island. Daring the convention
week of the B. C. F. of U the miners
over there found it nccosaary tu go on
sirilte to onforoo thoir claims fnr overtime pnyment, whieh had heen conveniently pnssed up by the oporating
company since the dnys of depression
aboul the time of the big strike.
At the time of his lirst visit Mr.
Bulgor though! nn amicable sottlomont
hnd boon secured, but it doesn't look
thnt wny now. A local board of con-
cillatioilj with Air. Stocked represent
ing ihe company nnd Joseph Naylor the
choice of the sinkers, assisted by Mr.
Bttlgor. spent two dnys trying to reneh
a settlement, bnt tlifl parties to tho
dispute only succeeded in agreeing lo
disagree.
It wns finally decided lhat n regular
govommontal bonrd would be jointly
applied fur, under Ihe provisions of the
Industrial Disputes Act, with the snmo
represeulntives for both purties. A&
noon ns the Department Of Lnbor hns
boon heard from a eliairmnn will be
selected and tho board will begin its
sittings.
Meantime- advlcOB do not slate whether Ihe miners have returned to work or
not.
Employees of Municipality
Have Had No Pay for
Two Months Past
A move is on foot for the orgnnizntion of tho civic employees of South
Vancouver. The proposition is to include tho municipal hall employees, firemen, policemen, teachers, nnd outside
works laborers in one local. The propositi is meeting with a good reception.
In view of the fact that South Vnncouver has not paid tho wages of its
municipal employees for the past two
months it is not expected the organization of a union will meet with any
difliculty, nor with any opposition from
municipal officials.
May Take in Women
Au orgnnization meeting of the Warehousemen will be held ut the Labor
Temple tonight und it is proposed to
tnke up the question of admitting the
women employees of wurehouses to
membership. The womon nre employed
nt packing, labelling, filling, etc
Local Moves to Ground Floor
Tlie Teamsters und Ohnuffoura have
the distinction of being the only locnl
wilh n ground-door office. They have
taken the office next to tlie entrance
on Homer street. The interior has boon
remodelled and it is a hendquarlers the
locul may well be proud of. They will
move todny or Snturdny, being somewhat delayed in changing the telephone.
Will Name Victoria Delogato
At tt meeting of tho Stoam and Operating Engineers on Monday night it
is thc intention to name a delegato who
will go to Vietoria aa the local's rep-
resentutivo and press for tho amendments to the Boiler Inspection Act
which havo boon determined upon by
not only the local but tho B. C. Federation of Labor.
Federated
Labor Party
Opening Meeting
Saturday^ Feb. 23rd
Speakers:
J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
and E. T. Kingsley
OHAIBMANl
Gordon J. Kelly
(President of thc Party)
Labor Temple,  8 p.m.
prompt
Applications for membership will
be received before and after
mooting
Strike Was Orderly Except
Trouble Made by Company Officials
DBUMHELLEB, Alberta, Fob. 21.—
Tho light of the miners againat the
Moody mine in tho Drumhollor diatrict will be waged with increased
vigor. The Moody mine is owned by
Mackenzie & Mann, owners of the
Canadian Collieries on ■ Vancouver
Island, and tho scono of the big Btrike
of a few years ogo. Tho Mackentie
& Munn interests appear to be pursuing tho samo courso toward organized
Labor in the Drumheller field which
they adopted in tho Vancouver Island
district. The miners, however, are determined tho big Canadian promoters,
whose railway schemes wero so universally criticized as having taken
millions of dollars from the people of
Canada, shall not continuo their arrogant attitude toward orgnnized Labor
in tho eoal Holds and got away with
Iho disgracoful conditions which thoy
desiro shojld bo permitted in their
mining operations.
The district convention at Fernie
ns decided to render all aid possiblo
to the strikers at the Moody mino,
until the mnnagemont agrees to recognize tho United Mine Workers of
America and pay tho schedulo of rates
recognized in this field under the
working arrangement approvod by W.
H. Armstrong, director of conl operations.
It haB also been decided thnt all
minors except thoso at tho Moody
proporty, roturn to Work.
Tho importation of a muchiue-gun
by tho Mountod Polico in tho Drumhollor district failed to rosult in the
disorder which it is probable sons of
tho mine-owners hoped, and Attorney*
general Cross of Alberta ordered the
"mountios" to tnko their weapon of
intimidation BWny. As a matter of
fnct tho officials and members of tho
Minora' union maintained ordor, much
more effectually than any body of
polico could havo with such methods
as were adopted in bringing a machino
gun in. .One purpose the machine-gun
sorved was to satisfy general curiosity
as to what ono of tho things looked
like nnd another pnrposc served, from
the employers' standpoint, wns to
mako it appear to a certain clement
of the goneral public that coal miners
nro a hnrd lot. The failure of tho
machine-gun to create nny work for
itself must hnve been very disappointing to n certain clnsH of* citizen. If
left nt tho mine very long the gun
would get rusty from idlonoss.
The strike hns been conducted without any great degree of trouble, in
fact with less trouble in Drumheller
than beforo the strike was called. Tho
only trouble mado was by tho Moody
officials, These ofllcials locked up ono
of two men sent from other mines,
nnd when Frank Moody, the manager,
nrrived, he took a gun nnd Hhooed tho
miner uway, for wliich Moody was
fined $50. Secrotary Edward Brown
of District 18, United Mino Workers,
expresses tho determination of tho
miners to organize tho Moody mine.
Spenking of tho recent frnens, ho
said: "There wnsn't any troublo from
our side. You must remomber that
every mino in tho valley, but tbe
Moody mine, is organized, nnd organized I.nbor will not stop until it is
organized."
Miners Want Armstrong Removed
Another session was hold by tho
Miners at Drumhollor yesterday morning, at which Coal Commissioner Armstrong camo in for violent denunciation, the following telegram being sent
to Sir llobort Uorden:
"We, tho orgn-iized miners of tho
Drumhollor coalfields, in mooting assembled, do hereby r inniend the removal of Coal Commissioner Armstrong
in his capacity of fuel commissioner,
and emphatically protest against his retention in that capacity, ns he has apparently exhibited gross incompotonoo
and inefficiency in the fnee of national
need und suffering, and bei'a.ise weakness and vacillation hove tnken tlio
place i'f firmness and courage and efficiency ill the execution of his duties,
and we condomu him as no longer entitled to the emifldenco of the government, the miners, the 'mine operators,
.•itizons and the Canadian pooplo of tho
west.''
IN PRAIRIE CITY
Street Railwaymen of Winnipeg Have Made Demand for Increase
An Increase amounting to from two
to three rents nn hour 1ms been do-
innniled by the employees of the Win-
nipoff Stroot linilwny Compnny, to tnko
effect on May 1. The Inst ineren.se \vus
granted InKt yenr nnd the ngreement
mndo then expires on Mny J of this
yenr. Tho prosont rnte of WflffOB runs
from 28 rents nn hour up to ii(- cents
nn hour in tho third yenr. About a
thousand men would benefit. Tho eom-
pnny estimates the increased cost of its
operation by reason of the rniso would
amount t<> •■{■(10,000 a yeur.
Drlvors' Special Meeting
On Wednesday the Tenmstcrs and
Chauffeurs will hold a special mass-
meeting for thc piirpoHo of discussing
tho shuro tho locnl will tako in tho
restoration of the Lnbor Temple. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY February 22, 1918j
Great Sale of Tea
20,000 pounds of it, bought from one of thc largest tea-
gardens in thc world, and selling for less than today's wholesale cost.
39c pound
The ten is grown on high ground, and is specially selected. It is
full bodied, ensuring economy, and has a smooth, delicate, delicious
flavor.
It is bard to got a good tea today except at a vory high cost, and
with a possiblo 100 por cent, increase in freight rates, the cost is
likely to bo increased at any time.
This tea wo recommend. We have tried it and compared it—we
find it better thnn many tens on the market at 55c a pound, nnd thc
equal of teas boing wholesaled today at 42e a pound. .
WE AEE OFFEEINO IT AT 39c LB.
A ton-buying event unequalled in many yoars.
Demonstrated iu thc Grocery Section tomorrow.
TRT IT BEFORE VOTT BUY IT
MO'h^Bttttson'sBaBCotnpans.M
_)  ihcm___ma   iota      hisbcbt t aaatvoaa. itiwi wmiMitNi* \ J^*'™   \
Granville and Georgia Streets
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
  [By J* B.] 	
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
Good teeth are a
paying investment
IT IS A MISTAKE to think lhat a
polled by pain whieh can't be borao—is a luxury.
GOOD TEETH—teoth which have been givon attention by an
export—oro  somothing  that  give  you  constant  returns  in
Health, Comfort and Appearance..
IT will bo greatly to your advantage to allow ale to examine
your tooth and advise you.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
X-Ray films taken U news-
■srjr; 10-year guarantees
given.
PHONE SEY. 3331
Examinations    made   on
phone appointments.
Calves ♦promised land which we shall never sec,
An old Quakeress once said to hor b.it only dimly shining, like Til* Hon
|daughter: "It seems that all tho world "go-very far off.
is mud except thee nnd me, and somo* Plagues
times X think thoo is a littlo peculiar," After every war there are plagaoB
Today tho whole world seems to havo .,,,4 pOBtilonc.os. Tho plagues aro begone mad, and the women arc thc mad- ginning tQ mm_ ^teeHy; would tlmt
desl, of nil. h j |lt , ,     it             ,„„ tlmt  tto
Mrs. Honoro Wills.e, editor el  the fcVrfng its CI1(1,
Delineator, called  upon tho women  of ^    fl         f                verltoH, erup-
Amonca to "raise tho best cannon tod* u       £ ,    *  «   w   fc       &_ 0ma
dor on earth."   Sandy no sane woman Wu|,  Vot*      „„,   A        „„,,  Kuvy
would say such a monstrous thing. Veterans, the comrades of the Great
I have wondered sometimes wlictl.o, w        A]'|(1          „,    8olf.ao£on8()l( w0
it   wns  right   to  raise  calves  lo.   tho ,         ft   ,               . u,,,|on,|,,y Rcjccl.
'butcher when 1 huve soon the nlmost . jj             b
human grief of the poor cow, its agon- ,.    "'solf-dofonco" we shall all   be
zed eyes, and its piteous calling for u                   ,                rf       t t„
its lost calf.   But  hero ,s a  *[™»" bo saowed under bntlroly, so in tho near
who advoca os bringing human belags £ t ,   ,,  {■_ (ll(! Len
into  ho world in order te be butohorod, _ o£        Hon„,.„'Uo Avorago M(m    ,i,L,
Evidently sho novor gave a thought Hmiomble  NOTOMnlloa.u6    Mon   tll0
to Ihe agony of the victim, and as to Moat H        w   L otl SafotyMrst
f>«  "-•>■ *-  ?'"*   IV"  «P*»toJ '? J*  Offlcors,   If there are nnv conscientious
less human thun the cow, and cheer*,  y   fa     left thoy will'bo tho Honor*
fully and <;■■*»■•% devote herself t.       •    R oj,',    ,,o].|m.n „       or
producing tho "best cannon fodder on'    c 01lr3st}.l„ Mnrtyr8. _mgM,    The
""ll 'X r.     1     1   1       ,   »i,«„ ! women will form the Honorable Can-
Napoleon, _ nfter ho  hnd_ sent  U1011* | non.£oail(J|. BrcC(k,rs, LraglH,.  And last)
but by no menus lenst, there is the
Paris would renew
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE-
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great EasternnRailway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C.
sands of soldiers to a hideous death,
remarked flippantly thnt one night of. F d    -t d j  b    p   ,     'The poor poll*
the supply of fod*  tioian8 will bo 80 t()1' 	
der.
Ho was a man, and co.ild not count
the cost, but imagine n woman, so mad,
so degenerate, as to think of other women ns only breeding mnchincs to produce calves for the butcher.
All a mother's agony, nil hor love,
and eare, and anxiety to bo so wasted
and debased.
The archbishop of Canterbury had
the same idea, he lowered the fees for
marriage so thnt soldiers could marry
beforo they went to their death nnd
insure tho future supply of cunnon fodder.
In Germany   even   illegitimate clnl- ,  t ,. _	
dron were welcome becnuso they made j wh   ^^   ,       .   ft     ionoer8 of tl,„
iust ns good ennnon  fodder, nnd thc, ""   '        *
government  thereforo  made provision  movement  aro being taken to Franco
for them and their mothers. ♦?. b° sht** ta °<*der t0 (!1";<™rae0 t,ie
Of course, if women rate themselves, ornors.
as only fit to breed calves for the but-1    But neither 'looting nor any other
cher, wo hiust take them at their own I torture that could bo moted out to thom
beleaguered thoy will
spend nil their timo counting the number of votes in the different leagues,
nnd figuring out the different combinations of leagues, for, or ngninst, every
question that comes up.
Thc color combinations nf the differ
ont badges will bo as bewildering na ti
kaleidoscope
Thc activities of the leagues will resemble a perpetual Donnybrook Fnir.
Pence after this war is over. Do
not hopo for it, not with nil thoso
leagues in action.
That War
The way to stop war is to stop. Those
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEEN EQUIPMENT-COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AGENT OR WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENGER AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymonr 2488
valuation. But it is refreshing to remember tho Now England woman who
refused to marry for fear some of hor
children might go to hell.
Tho women of todny scorn to think
uny hell good enough for thoir children, if they nro not obliged to accompany them, if they are safe nnd j
comfortnblc themselves.
Unloss the world cnn bc mndo abetter, safer plnco for the children it is
criminal to bring them into it. The
Now England woman was right.
A Lack of Common Sense
If moro men mast bo sent to the war
at a timo when the Allies oro clamoring
for food from us, and wc aro short of
producers, why cannot all non-producers
be sent first?
Tho middlemen could bo chocrtully
spared, oven Mr. Hanna was forced to
admit that thoy were tho cause of tho
high cost of living.
Tho preachers, too, who by thoir own
confession, cannot get tho people to
como and listen to thom; they nlso arc
consumers nnd not producers.
Ono chaplain, writing in tbo Province,
snid tho boys ia tho trenches were very
religious, but very indignant and disgusted if asked to .ioin a church, which
they considered a hotbed of hypocrisy.
This church busiucss is a vory funny
mnko-boliove. I wonder how mnch
longer wo will keep up thc force thnt
we aro a Christian nation?
A young follow wished to join tho
Northwest Mounted Polico, beforo the
wnr, and was told to bring n recom*
mondntion from his pnstor, which, of
course, was impossible. Incidentally,
ono can sympathize with that young
maa 's surprise. Who would have thought
that all thc North West Mounted Polico
wero Sundny-school boys, spccinlly
recommended' by their pnstor! It is
astonishing how quickly enrly training
is forgottenl
It is good to learn thnt there was
ono way in which a pastor could bc
useful, the giving of recommendations
to boys wishing to enlist. But now that
boys do not need tho pastor's kind of-
llccs, but nro forced to enlist unrecom*
mended, why exempt tho pnstorsf
How many young fellows have pastors? As the pnstor himself told as,
oven thoso who nre naturally religious,
aro disgusted nnd indignnnt nt being
accused of belonging to n Christian
church, out of which Christ was driven
long ngo.
But we keep up the Uction that wc
aro a Christian nation evon to the ox-
tent of refusing a conscienco to nny
mnn who does not belong to n recognized church. Thc exemption tribunals
would not recogni/.e him ns a conscientious objector. Oflicinlly speaking ho
hnd no conscience
One mnn, who wns willing (o please,
| chose thc Lutheran church for the occasion, nnd snid that church wus op
posed to war.
!    He did not '
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PORE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFITS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
He did not know that most of the
Germans arc Lutherans, and their
preachers are all that there is of the
most rabid in their lust fnr war.
It is an economic question for thom,
their living depends on their obedience
to thc kaiser.
It is an economic question here also,
and even a question of personal safety.
Ono preacher, in the States, who spoko
from thc pulpit, against, instead of for,
war, was tarred nnd feathered, nnd
nearly beaten to death.
All lho churches bless tho opposing
fighters in tho name of Him who
preached pence on earth. This attitudo
of the so-called Christian churches, towards war brings nny logical person
to tho verge of insanity. It is such
a sudden voltc-facc, tho ordinary mind
is not agile enough to follow it.
Victor Hugo said the day would como
when a cannon would be exhibited os
n curiosity, but that consummation^ so
devoutly to be desired, will not arrivo
by tho help of tho churchoa.
Nothing Left
There is nothing left for those whoso
sons havo boen slaughtered but to fight
against war, to spread always ideals of
poace. Thoso good thoughts will livo
and bear fruit, nnd bo thoir childron
when their real children, in whom thoy
hoped to livo, havo beon cannon fodder a long timo. "Youths whoso hair
grows grey in the faco of tho grave.
Thoroforo, while our miscrnblo lives aro
spared to us, lot ua work for peace,
forming oursolvos into a bridge, if need
bo, for tho others to pass ovor to the
ould bo any worse than tho fate of
thoso who go obediently to fight, ot
the command of the master class, and
with the blessing of thc church.
Unimaginable torturo is their portion, ond they will bc forgotten if thoy
die, and cheated out of their pensions
if thoy live, while the pacifist martyrs
will soon have monuments built to com-
memorato their services to humanity,
It was over thus, virtuo is always supposed to bc its own reward, and it
ought to bc reward enough—there arc
altogether too many pensions, or else
thero are not enough. Could wo not
all give each other pensions like tlio
peoplo on tho desert island who lived
by taking in each other's washing?
The samo  sort of thing was  done
during  the  real  estate  boom  and   it
worked quite successfully—for a time.
Could wo not manage the pensioning
along tho same Uiiojl
Of courso, I havo not thc snme grnsp
of economics as thc lady who said that
Flavelle & Co. laid golden eggs.
As on economist, I am in tho Mother
Hubbard class; I know when my cupboard is bare, but that is tho essential
thing.
The great difficulty is to diagnose
yonr disease correctly, nfter tbat it is
all plain sailing, overy ono you meet
will give you an infallible cure.
We really do all need pensions; that
is a fact. Let us bring it to thc notice
of tho Federated Labor Party.
Peace
Peace could come tomorrow, and tho
world would bo entirely safe for democracy, if tho rulers would just lift
their hands off tho people. Tho people
never go to wnr unless driven by the
lash in the hands of thoir rulers.
Sclf-Sacrince
Why has human nature such a crazy
desire to immolate itself? Surely,
under this'cxisting form of government,
wo havo already been forced to sacrifice everything from which wo could bo
separated without a sjrgical operation.
And yet there aro people throwing
away their lives, and forcing others
to do the snhie; throwing away their
health, thc greatest gift; throwing away
theri liberty—such as they havo.
Indeed, tho special crazu seems to bo
for throwing away liberty instead of
lighting for it. With somo people it
is sheer laziness, they would rather
livo undor rule than think for themselves.
Others recognize tho greatness of
of liberty, and boeauso it is the only
thing that makes life worth living they
givo it up, with sublime but misdirected generosity.
There aro also people who, in a moment of frenzy, try wildly to throw
everything away, even life itself, like
lho Enrly Victoria lady who fell into
tho hands of lbe suffrngcttes nnd
learned suddenly ubout tho social evil.
Sho camo homo and was found trying
with her hands to strip off hor body
us sho stripped off hor skirts, Sh-e
could not think of wearing nny longer
tho kind of body that could bo so polluted, so she wanted to tako it off and
go round in her soul.
In a time of madness liko this, many
peoplo want to strip off everything
nnd get out; it is so hnrd to keep one's
mentnl bnlance in a lunatic asylum.
There nre others whom it affects like
looking into a whirlpool; they fed impelled to throw thomselvcs in, and the
first thing they throw in is their liborty.
Liborty is always tho first sacrifice
callod for.
Evon thc women who work behind
tho lines, tho "Tommywncks," sign
nwny their liberty for a certain length
of timo, and live undor military discipline and suffer military punishments.
Somo of them nro sorry, no doubt, bnt
others tako a perverted delight in Bclf-
inflicted suffering, like our old friend,
tho pilgrim, who could not tako a walk
without fllling his Bhoes with pons.
Mnny of tho shoes obsorved on latter
day pilgrims seem, from thoir extraordinary shape, to bo sufficiently peno-
tentiul without tho insortion of pons,
which is a good thing, for those who
hnvo signed food-eonsorvation cards.
Tho pity is that this thirst for self-
sacriflco ennnot be directed into right
chnnnols. With an army of professional Bolf-sncriflcers wo could soon stop
war, evon if nt wore only by tho shod-
ding of martyr blood. Evorybody
would bo pleased and tho tnartyrB tho
most pleased of all; but tho misguided
croaturos always   sacrifice  themselves
in the wrong cause, and work as hard
to loBe their liberty ns others do to
gain it.
The others do splendid work if you
leavo them free, but if you tie them
by so much as a silk thread they will
stop working and devote themselves
with passion and enthusiasm to the tusk
of breaking away.
If they were tlie officers of an army
of aelf-sacriflcers working for liberty
and brotherly love, we should soon bave
a perfect world; and then, of course,
wo should die of stagnation, or fall a
prey to all the diseases and unnatural
sins that afflict the children of millionaires, from whom all incentive to work
has been taken.
Perhaps tho zest: of life is in the
struggle itself. We are the donkeys
in front of whose nose is fastened a
fragrant carrot, always just out of
reach, in order to keep us healthy and
hustling.
It hns many names. Seme call it tlie
Heavenly City, or Tir nan oge, Innd ef
eternal youth and joy. Or Christ's
Kingdom Colno on earth, or thc co-operative commonwealth!
Snmo people waste all their time trying to discover which it is, und tlint is
impossible because to everyone it is
different.
To the mnterialist it is just plain
carrot.
To the Colt it is Tir nan oge, and
thoy know it in there because they hnve
seen it.
Others there are who live already in
the Heavenly City, whose builder and
maker is God, because the real lifo is
of the soul and not of lho body, and
material things <?nly perish nnd pass;
thoso people nre found in nil creeds
nnd all nations.
But, whatever the mental attitude
real lovers of liberty will do tlieir own
part ench day, knowing that there is
the beginning nnd end of their responsibility.
"Paul mny plnnt and. Apollos may
wnter, but God giveth lho increase."
I bog your pardon, dear socialist comrades: I mean, Evolution giveth tho
increase. It docs not mntter what language an idea is dressed in as long ns
you got it.
"So j'ou get mc?" a socinlist youth
shouted at ono of thc suffrage meetings, nnd he shot out his arm so for
and so suddenly that ho overbalanced
and for ono awful moment we thought
wo wero going to get him, right In our
laps.
Without enthusiasm nothing can be
accomplished.
May wo never soo again such an
orgie of misdirected enthusiasm as is
devastating the world now.
Exemption With an "If"
Mr. Justice Simmon its of Alberta is ono
if those modern jurists who hnvo risen to the
heights quasi military conditions have demanded of even the wearers of the ermine,
nnd in the adjustment of law nnd justice,
sometimes nn irksome tusk, they havo . ijuiilly
well manifested the class l>i»s whieh ail'jcts
their rulings iu pence ns well ns wnr.
Before reciting tlie concrete exnmpl which
mils for Ihis remark, it is well to declare
iiint theory notwithstanding, tho judges have
no especial Divine (tract- Inspiring their decisions. Unfortunately, their decisions are
based on law or precedent, which in turn
have their foundation on the material foundation of tlie economic interest of Hint clnss
to which it. is tlieir privilege tn belong.
But to hearken linok to Justice Btmmonds,
This justice wns culled npon to decide
whether miners were or wero not to be
exempt under the conscription Inw. Tha
miners claimed thry wore. Ho did the judge.
But he ndded n rider qualifying his august
decision on thc point by declaring tlmt if
the miners quit, took n lay-oft, celebrated n
holiday or went on strike, or in nny wny
failed to continue steadily producing, they
would be no longer orcpt. Evidently in
Canada, with Slmmondses nn the bench they
hnve no need of n In vol legion.—Sent tie
Daily Cnll.
An Ode to the Business Agent
"If you wnnt to get rt fnvor done
By soma obliging friend,
And want a promise safe and sure
On which you mny depend,
Don't go to him Who nlwnys hns
Much  leisure  time  to  plnn,
But.  if you wnnt your fnvor done,
Just  ask  the   busy  mnn.
The  innn  with leisure never hns
A moment ho cnn spare;
Ho's   nlwnys  busy   "putting  off"   until
His  friends are in  despair;
But  ho  whoso  every  waking  hour
Is crowded full nf work
Forgets the nrt of wasting time—
Ho cannot stop to shirk.
Ho when you wnnt n fnvor done,
And wnnt it right away,
Go (o tho mnn who constantly
Works twenty hours n dny;
He'll find n moment, sure,  somewhere.
That bas no other use.
And fix you, while tho idle mnn
Is framing nn excuse."
Slavery Ain't of Any Color
Ain't  it  cute (o seo a Yankee
Tako such cverlnstln' jJfclns,
All to cot thc Devil's thnnkee,
Helpin'  on  'em weld  thslr chains!
Wy, it's just ns clenr us figcors,
Clenr 07, ono nn'  one mnke two,
Ghana thnt mnke blnck slnves o' niggers
Wnnt to mako wito slaves o' you.
'Tnin't by tiirnin' out to hnck folks;
You're  ngnin'  tn get your right,
Nor hy lookin' down on blnck folks
Con you're put upon hy wile;
Slavery nin't o'  nnry color,
'Tnin't the hide that mnkes it wus,
All it keers for in n feller
\Sjust to mako him fill it's puss.
Tell ye jest, the end I've come to
Arter fllphwln1  plagey smnrt.
An'   it mnkes n hundy sum, ton,
Any giimp cnn lenrn by heart:
Lnlmrin'   mnn an'  Inhortn' woman
ITev one glory nnd one shnme,
Ev'ry thin' thot's done inhuman
Injors nil on  'em  the  snme,
—Jamos Russell Lowell, in "Rlglow Papsrs.
ELECTRIC FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking,  lettering,   picot edging,  pleating, niching, embroidery, hemming.
653 Oranvllle St. 1319 Douglas St.
VANCOUVER. B.O.        VICTORIA, B.O.
Phone  Sey.  3191 Phoae   1160
CLELAND DIBBLE    ENGRAVING COMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone Seymour 7169
Third   Floor.   World   Building
VANOOUVER. B.  O.
—Tbe only Union Shop in  Vancouver—
"Militarism is ns dnmagitig lo liborty in Britnin ns in othrr countries.
Tf wo allow Industrinl conscription to
bo placed b'estdo military oonscription
on tlio statute, book, militarism will
linvo triumphed nnd democracy will
linvo become its slnvo."
This Is Tho Fcd.'s special advertising dny.
It is the dny when tho market men wnnt to
ndvertiso their Saturday specials. Did you
ovor titop to think why thsy uso Tho Fed.
ns an advertising medium 1 Naturally becnuso they get results from It. It is duo to
tho loyal army of Fed. renders who demand
thnt their marchanta advertise In The Fod.,
nnd thsn Bay, "I saw your ad. in Tho Fod."
after they havo purchased- tliat yonr papor
in used bo extensively hy tho markctuion.
Do yon always follow this policy) Remember, tbo only way that Tho Fed. can ovor
progress to becomo a larger nnd bettor pnper
is to securo moro advertisers, and tho only
wny it can do that Is to havo tho sincere,
whole-hearted support of The Fed. renders
in Vancouver. Aro you doing yonr share
by Tho Fod. Koop In mind thnt we are
not nsking you lo make nny sacrifices for
Thn Fed., merely to trnde with tho fcest
merchants In tho market, all of whom advertise in The Fod. and mention tho fact thnt
—"I snw your ad. In Tho Fed." ***
OITT OF VANOOUVER.
Tenders for Supplies
T HB undorslgned will recelvo tenders up
* up till 12 o'clock nnnn March 0 next
for tho supply of tho following goods for
tho term of one year from date of award
nf contract:
Groceries. Oomont.
T*eat, Sand and Gravel.
Fish. Printing.
Broad. Castings,
Drugs, Making of uniforms.
Specifications   can   bo   obtained   at   my
office.
JAMF.S STDART,
City Purchasing Agent.
KINO OP BICYCLES
They arc thc finest bit of workman-
hip in the bicycle world; 8 different
models in vnrlety of colors.
Prices from $-12.r<0 to {55.00, on
easy payments If desired.
HASKINS It ELLIOTT
"Tlie Pioneer Bicycle Store "
510 Hows St.      412 Hastings St   W.
ASK TOUR GROCER FOR
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION MILLED
J.   .PHILLIPS  It  CO.,   Agents
Phone 5415 1228 Hamilton
Royal Stove Repair Works
Repairs for all Stoves, Furnaces,
Colls, Connections, otc.
New  nnd  second-hand stoves bought,
Bold   und  exchanged
Phone Sey. 6D50      1114 GranvUle
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
lirst and third Thursdays. Executive
bonrd: President, Q. J, Kolly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; secretury and business agent,
V. ft. Mldgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; ser-
g.'iii.t-iit-arnis, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
McVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A. Hoover.
ALLIED  PRINTING  TRADIiH   COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday in tho month. President,   Geo.   Bartley;   secretary,   R.   K.   Neelands, P.O.  llux (iti.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL KO. 676—MEETS
first Sunday of euch month, Labor Tempi*.
PrueiiJ.iui, ju.ii, :.i».-m. Du*nui»i ■ecretary,
J. Smith, 610 Hulrien Bldg., Box 4i!4, Phone
Sey. 2672; recording secretary, Wm. Motti-
shaw,  P.O.  Box  424,  Vancouver,  B.  0.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tionul Union of America, Lur.nl .\t>, Uu—
Meets second and fourth Tn.ndmji in tkit
month, Room 205, Labor'Temple, Prosldent.
LE. Herrltt; aecreUry, B. II. Grant, 1B71
Alberni stroot,
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO.l—
Moots second and fourth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room JU7. Prosldent, Chas. F. Smith-
oorrifepondlng secretary, W, S. Dagnall, Box
fi-J;  financial.Becrotary, W. J. Pijiua.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS," LOCAL
Nu. 817—Meets every second and fourtfc
Monday ovening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
Prejiideiit, R. W. Hatley; ilnaucial secretary,
U. ihom; recording secrotary, Q. H. Hardy,
Room 21(8, Labor Templo. L__m Soy. 74ns!
HKinVEKY WORKERS, 1 U NO."^8l"l U
wUi U", W" ,0( *•—wets Irst and third
Wednesdays of each month, Room au2, Labor
rumple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; secretary, A. E, Anhcroft, Suite 1, 17»8 Fourtfc
avenue west.
illtOTHERHOUD OF^BoEer" MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodgo No. 194—MeeU
every Monduy, 8 p.m. Prosldent, A. Camp-
hell,  ^^^) Second Etreet; secretary-treasurer,
i,FnU,fl  f'VVi 11V».H?WS ltrM"   bualnoM
agent,  J. U. Carinichael, Room! 212, Labor
1 em pie,
cookh;""wXiters~"and   waitresses;
Local 28—Moots every Friday, 1) p. m,
Labor lempio. Prasldonf, Fred. Harris; secretary and business agent, Win. Maekonsie,
Room 2U1). Lnbor Temple. Ofllce hours, 11 to
12  noon;   _  to  _  p.m.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Street
019 Hastings Street West
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Englnoors, Local No. 020—
Moots every Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor
lempio President, J. R. Flynn. 810 Moodio
street, Aew Westminster; vice-president P
Chapman; socrotary-treasurer, W. A. Alexan-
-rig's      n "10, Lnbor '1Vl"l'10- 1>honu 'Sey-
DEEP SEA<FISHERMEN'S UNION OP THE
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday,  7 p m    at
437 Gore avenue.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.
PRINTING
COWAN <t BBOOKHODSE
Labor Temple Press     Bey. 4490
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and Fillings
made the samo shade as you own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings  7:30 to   8:30.
Dental nurse In attendance.
COR.    GRANVILLE   AND   ROBSON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phono Soy. 5238
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlngi Street Wut
IlLECTUICAI, WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—MeotB in Room 205, Labor Tomple,
Mory Monday, 8 p.m. ProBidont, D. W.
McDouenll, 1102 Powoli street; rocordlm
secretary, Jolm Uurdeck, Labor Temple"
linancial secretary and business aKont. E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
        -~r     -, -■     -M ,      m...m      11-4IJ|1IC
INTERNATIONAL VoXOSHOKEMKWAfr
sociation, Local 8862—Office and bail 801
londer atroot e»Bt. Meets every Thursday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, P. Chapman:
HUBinoBB asent, J. Gordon Kelly.
L ,V; A" LS,0AL *•*•■•>■■• AUXILIARY—
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Hoadipiarters, 436 Howe Btreet.
Meets 6rst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, B. Winch
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth ThnrsdajB at 8 p.m. President.
J.  Wallace;  recording secrotary, J. Bronka:
financial secretary, J. H. McVety, Room 211
Labor   Iciuplo.    Seymour 7405.
AMALOAMATED ' MEAT CUTTERS AND
llntrher Workmen's Union. No. 648—Meots
ilrst   nnd   third   Tuesdays   of   ench   month,
Labor   1 duple,   8   p.m,       President,   H.   W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Lofting; flnnn*
Olal socrotary and business agent   T   W   An-
dcrson,   Lnbor Temple.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE 07 NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity I—
Branch moots second nnd fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President. Ra*.
MeDougall, 1028 Grant street; In.neial soe'
rotary, J. Lyons, 1518 Venables street;
neordlng secretary. E. Westmoreland .1247
I Pint Orey rond, I'hene^ llayview 297QL
BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERSTTOCAL
Nn. 188—MeetB second and fourth Thursdays of ench month, Room 1103. Labor
tomplo. President, D. Hughea; vlco-prosldont, p. Hughos; flnnuclat-aoe., L. Amos;
recording secretary, S. Oould, 2146 Georgia
street enst.
RETAIL CLERKS' ONION, LOCAi7~279****:
Meets in Lnbor Temple every 8rst and
hird Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, EnrI
t. Cnrilelt, (i.-iO Eleventh nvpnne enst; secre*
tiiry-trensiirer. Archibald P. Glen, 1073 Mel-
''" -■'      Phono Sey. 5846R.
Would You Miss
Your Telephone? '
Do you fully renlizo what continuous
telephone servico is J Despite tho weather,
nccidents, or anything thnt ay cause Interruptions, it Is seldom your telephone
fuila to respond to your need. That
your service is continuous is tho result
of much work behind lho scenes, effort
that you never sso and seldom hoar
about. Nothing cnn take tho plnco of
lho telephone, nnd it is so much a part
of everyday life, that it would never do
not lo havo it ready at all times. Think
what it would mean if there were no
telephone aervice 1
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1040 GEORGIA STBEET
One Blook west of Court Home.
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION. NO. 1505
—MeetB second nnd fourth Friday! of each
month, 8 p.m., Labor Temple. President, 0.
Senilis; recording secretary; W. Hardy, 445
Twenty-third Btreet west, North Vancouver;
finnncinl secretnry, S. Phelps.
STREET ~ANi>' ELECTRIO"RMLWATTJiT
ployees. Pioneer Division, No. 101*—Meote
Lnbor Temple, ecooncl and fourth Wodnoe*
days at 8 p.m. President, J. Bubble: vice-
president,  E. S. Cleveland; recording secre*
d*!7 ,A*i.X- V;IUnk\2661 Trinity atreet,
Phono High. 188R; nnanclal Becrotary and
busineu agent. Prod. A. Hnnvor, 2400 Clark
■IMvo._oHlr(^ corner Prior and Main streota.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION-OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Mrst Monday In ench month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gnlenby: vice-president, W.
Larson: recording secretary, W. W, Hocken.
Box 603; flnnncial aeeretary, T. \Yuod P 0.
Box   filKl.
QENERAl TEAMSTERS' AND CHaSfC
fours' Union, Local No. 65s—Meets ovettV
Wednesday nt 8 p.m. President, w i
Brown; business ngent, .1. F, Poole, 419
Twenty-first avenue enst, Pbone Pair 715R-
llnunclnl secretnry, Bert  Showier.  1076 Roh-
-M8, Lnhor Temple,
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. No. 226—Meets
Inst Sundny of ench montb nt 2 p.m. Pre*
sident, R. Marshall; vice-president. W. H.
.Ionian; secretnry-treasurer, R. II. Neelands.
Box 06.
Use of Modern Chnpel and
Funeral Farlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 3425
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDEBATION OP LABOR—Moota in
annual convent ion in .laiiunry. Executive
officers*; 1018-10: President, Duncan McCallum, Lnhor Temple, Vancouver; vico-t>reni-
dents—Vnncouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington! Viotorla, J, Taylor; Princo
Ruport, Wi B. Thompson! Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. R, Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
No]son;   Crown  Nest Pass,  Wi  A.   Shi-rmnn,
Pernio,   Secretary-treasurer, A, M. Wells, Box
1688, Victoria. B. C.
SYNOPSIS   OF   OOAL   MINING   BEOULA-
TIONS.
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tho North-West Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may bo leased for a term of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a further term
of 21 yeara at an annual rental of $1 an
acre. Not moro than 2,500 acres will be
loasod to ono applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agont or Sub-
Agent of the district in which the rights ap
plied for are situated.
In surveyod territory the land must ho described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections,' and in unsnrveyod territory the
tract applied for shall bo staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must bo accompanied by
a foe of $5 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of flvo cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tho Ageut with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at loast
once a year. ... ...
The lease wll) Include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 45
Georgo V. assentod to 12th June, 1914.
For full information application should he
made to the Seeretary oi the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Dopnty Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.—88575.
 VIOTOBIA,^ 0.	
VICTORIA       TRADES       AND       LABOB
Council—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Government street,
at 8 p.m. President, B, Simmons; vice-
president, T, Donley, 1278 Donman street;
Secretary, A. S. Wells, Box 802, Victoria,
B. 0_ _
INTERNATIONAL    UNION    OF    UNITED
Browery Workmen, Local No. 280—Mewii
(it K. of P. hall, North Park Btreet, on ,*he
second and fourth Thursdays of each month.
President, E. Orr; secretary, W. E. Baryan,
"642 Scott Btreet, Victoria, B. 0.
PBINCE BUPBBT. B.  0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Council—MeetB second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters' hall.
Prosldent, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E,
Thompson,  Box 273,  Princo Rupert, B. 0.
SOTJTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 87a, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets second and fourth Sundays of each
month, at 8; 80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording secretary, James Bateman;
financial secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson,
TRAIL, B. 0.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 285—Meets tn Miners'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:fl0 p.m. President, H. Bell; secretary, Fred CanneU, P. 0.
Drawer 8., Trail, B, 0.
s^
"Ale
AND
Porter
OfAmerna  rtcbr
COPrmOHT 8TRADI M»RK REGHTIHEB 1903 f OmoUL   PAPEB   VAHOOUVEB
TBADES   AHD   LABOB   OOUUOH.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TENTH YEAR.   No. 8
oppiolu, papbi limn aot-
mou. rBDBBAtioi or laioi
EIGHT PAGES
New Teeth-Good Health-Long Life
Down to thc last detail of your tooth trouble DR.
LOWE will toll you what is wrong, what is essential to
IMPROVE CONDITIONS OF YOUR TEETH
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in most instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth,
DR. LOWE'S prices, value considered, are reasonable.
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING^FEBRUARY 22, 1918
    _ - j_£z_*x—ri_maiMa!A_m^
MU9Uxt—ni%*tz*ai*s_naKm—V.■.*,.u^r—w~—inil ■ iiniii niiiiwii t——_—*_a_Wmmm_——a
lpJIC8Haaii)«»5r!V<!rW.,'Xor.Ati«rf)VaiicouVar~Phen«J^.i'444
DNI PASSING
Behind the Extended Olive
Branch May Lurk the
Hidden Club
/In Vucmnrx
»  oity. li.op )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Goods for Manual Labor
OLOVES, from 50t$ to $2.00
OAUNTLETS, from 75<* to $2.50
CARHARTT OVERALLS, Jumpers and Boiler Suits.  Also
other good makes.
SHIRTS—Black Sateen, from $1.50 up.   Flannel Shirts in
blue and light shades.
BOYS' DEPARTMENT—New goods just opened up. Everything the boy wears but the boots.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Feb. 24—Typographical Unioa; Saw Filers Assoc.
MONDAY, Feb. 25—Boilermakers; Stoum Engineers; Electrical WorkerB; Pattern Makers;
Amal. Engineers; U. B. Carpenters, No. 617; Iron Workers;
Street Railwaymen's Exec.
TUESDAY, Feb. 20—Barbers;
Amal. Carpenters; Machinists,
No. 777; Bro. Loco. Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 27—Motul
Trados Council; Strent Railwaymen; Toamstors and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, Feb. 28 — Shipwrights & Caulkers; Sheet Metal Workers; Painters; Machinists, No. 182.
FRIDAY, March 1 — Railway
Carmen; Pile Drivers & Wooden Bridgemen; Civic Employees; Molders; Lotter Carriers; Warehousemen; Minimum Wago Lengue; Cooks,
Waiters und Waitresses.
SATURDAY, Mar. 2—Machinists, No. 777; Bakers; Blacksmiths.
Parsons Who Give a Free
Rein to Reckless Tongue
May Rue It
[By Walter Hoad]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, Feb.
17.—Tho condemnation that cx-Prosi-
dont Naylor received nt the hands, or
ut least, the voice, of ono of tho delegates to the recent convention of tho
B. C. F. of L., was, in the light of recent developments; to say tho leaBt, woll
merited. The daily papers oro not
rags. On thc contrary, they aro tho
personification of truth—sometimes. Wc
road in tho Daily Provinco of recent
date that "Canada holds more battle-
front than ever. Tho fighting strength
of the Dominion is tho greatest since
tho war began." All of which is
brought about becauso Borden was returned to power on Dec. 17 fast.
Some mobilization that!      Prior   to
Dec. 17 "our boys were perishing for .      ,
want of reinforcements." What mar- among thom boing,~"Tho final aim of
vclous changes havo been wrought in nil effort is life itself. Tho preservation
two  short  months.    No  sooner  were and increaso in quality or quantity or
itlB+n.    hntli   "      >"l.nA   ! i.   —    *      -        ■       *    -
Should Continue Investiga
tion and Somebody Be
Made to Pay
clear of any gold bricks. We don't
think friond Nichol will bo nblo to hand
thom something as a right that ia merely a wrong turned inside out.
"A Bolt from the Blue"
During tho past week a minister of
tho gospel delivered a series of lectures
in Nanaimo, and contrary to the
lino of pie-in-tho-sky stuff usually peddled by ministers, the reverend gentleman told some straight economic truths,
Two Moderate Priced Silks
IN THB SMARTEST SHADES OF THE SEASON
SILK POPLIN
Thore is no silk that wo know of that has, considering its moderate
price, moro to recommend it for appearance and wearing qunlity than
Silk Poplin, and we carry the bost quality at thc closest price. This
particular poplin has a rich, lustrous appearance and comes in 25 loading shades as well as black and whito. It is 3G inches wide and today
is worth $1.75 n yard. Ai    a g"
Our Speciul prico  *p 1 «f§0
HONAN COLORED PONGEES
Thoso are now arrivals of a beautiful, closely woven texture, and nro
very fine quality Bilks.   The shudes are navy, Copenhagen, saxe, rose,
pink, Russiun; Paddy, pearl, taupe, wine, plum, d» \   __f\
_■_„ „..., ...i.u..    ...   ...«J>1.DU
sky and white.   M inches wide.   Per yard
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
662 OBANVILLE STBEET
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SOI DOMINION BDIIDINO
CORNER CAMBIE ANO BASTINGS STREETS
BIND UP SEYMOUR 2364 FOR APPOINTMENT
HStift
Vacuum Packed
It's Always Fresb
ASK your grocer for
NABOB Coffee. Because it is such a rich,
fragrant, delicious coffee,
really exquisite and always of tlio same fine
quality. Blended, roasted
and vacuum packed by
Kelly, Douglas & Company, Ltd. Vancouver,
B.C.
February Clean-up
Suits and Overcoats
—more than 2000 garments to select from at extraordinary price reductions—investigate these values tomorrow:
thc saviors of the people, thc custodians of liberty and the exponents of
truo democracy roturned to the hog-
trough at Ottawa than troops appeared
to reinforco tho Canadians at tho front
like magic, conjured up, presumably,
from some hitherto unknown source.
Sir Bob would do well to exercise
his mngic powers for thc benefit of his
masters, the C. P. R. and the big interests in goneral, and bring into being
tho hordes of Chinks that theso gentlemen so urgently need.
In anothor column of thc aforementioned family journal wo read that
there is urgent necessity for reinforcements. Liko Oliver Twist, they're crying for more. Tho military beast has
a voracious appetite; ho is reaching out
his greedy maw for othor classes under
the act now.
The Province further says "that
whoro a man can be spared for the
nrmy, it is essential that ho should be
put into training as soon as possible."
It seems peculiar that men can bo
spared, whon thore is such u cry for
Chinks to keep the home fires burning.
Bat, of course, "-wo do not understand
problems with which tho government
is confronted."
'Why even Lady Bordon hnd mush
and hot cake.**; for breakfast one morning quite recently, nnd she hnd her picture put in the paper in honor of the
ovent.    Your humble  servant has  had
mush without  tho hot cakes many  n
morning for breakfast, and didn't even
get a lino in the press.   I remember the
time, not so long ngo, during tho Vancouver   Island    strike,    when,    among
others in Bowser's bastile, I had mush
without sugar or milk night and morning for six weeks, und still did not get
my picture in tho Province.   I would :
like to know how many moro times I've
got to out mush for breakfast before I
get my picturo in tho papers.   Bjt putting all jokes on ono side, its too bad
that her ladyship hnd to cat mush. Perhnps she had been to one of these socioty functions the night before, nnd
hnd got too much of other good things.
Anyway, wo hopo sho won't do it again,
or mush may bo getting too fashionable.
From Little Suckers
A sage onco said that "Thero nro sermons in stones and stories in running
brooks," nnd ngnin it wns snid "out
of the mouths of babes and sucklings
conies forth wisdom." All of which is
true, for wo obtain gems of truth nnd
wisdom from such sources as a roughneck  like Joe  Naylor  would  torm  a
daily rag.
Mr. Nichol Thompson is quoted as saying thnt ho thought that not enough
consideration was given Labor in tho
way of getitng its views and inviting
its participations in national matters.
Truly a wiso saying from the mouth of
u stickling.
Mr. Editor, I am a Hftle rusty on thi;
dictionary, but say doesn't suckling
moan a little sucker? Koine time ngo
our friend Nichol made the following
statement: "The miners' orgnnization
on Vancouver Island opposes the installation of up-to-date methods." This he . ro,
gave as a reason for the high cost of hy, Some threo v
fuel.   Another reason that he gnvo wns | „'ur f,,]|mVnien w0
both." That Ib not so bad when thc
usual stuff runs like this: "Tuko no
thought of what yo shall cat or what yo
shall wonr," "Man cun not livo on
bread alone," etc.
Our friends McVety spoke the truth
when ho told tho church people thut tho
church must tnko more hood of tho bodily needs of tho peoplo, if they went to
inake any headway.
Tho minister in question, who, by thc
'ny, is the Rev. Hugh Dobson of Ke-
ginu, then spoke of the Lloyd George
scheme of free medical attention, and
demonstrated the need of some sueh
provisions being made in Canada. This
quostion is a burning one, nnd is one of
the questions denlt nith ut onc convention recently. The reverend gentlemnn
quoted statistics to show that annually
30,000 childron under five years of age,
die in Canada from preventablo causes,
over 1,000,000 men were turned buck ns
medically unfit in Great Britain daring
the first your ui tho war. Statistics innumerable wero quoted to demonstrate
tho necessity of stute control of the
houling profession and equal opportunity for all for the full enjoyment of
health, und whilo we may not agree
with tho spcakor's thoolog)*, and do not
attach much importance to what is going to hnppen nfter fre die, wo certainly stand rendy to co-opernte with him
nlong tho lines of conserving human
life.
Faith iu the State
tho slack; time worked by th
He snid that the miners'did
other methods of healing beside the orthodox medical profession.    Thero are
many systems of healing, each of which
has merit of greater or less degree, but
each i.s surrounded by a lnrge amount of
useless dogma.    To  get  the  greatest
good out of these various healing arts,
a commission should be appointed to investigate,  take  the good  features  ef
oach system, eliminate the chaff, aad<
then let the state tako hold of the com- i
bination and operate it for tho common
wenl.   Let tho workers and their families recoivo modical treatment, eqjal to
that which the parasite now receives.
Jeopardizing His Job
A synopsis of tho Rev. Dobson's address on social reconstruction will need
no comment.    The crazy socialist hns
been saying thc same thing for years.
Tho speakor said, in tracing the growth
of industrialism, thut "civilized govornment hus made the mistake of making life revolve around things.       The
ilrst need in reconstruction is to make'
things minister to life."   Ho told of
the existence of two groups in society.)
"One whoso ambition is for overlord-
ship, tho other whose idoul is that great
and small should  co-opernto   for   tho
common good.      "One," "is slavery;
the  other brotherhood.    Ho  concluded
by saying that "Wo ns n people, must,
if we arc to be spared tho bitterness of
revolution,   achieve   through   sacrifice,
brotherhood  and  hope,  that  industrial
and economic   democracy   which will
give  first  place  not  to   things  but  to
lifo,"   All of wliich is true and to the
point.   Life is held too cheap, whicli is
I forcibly brought home to us occasional-
'       " " ns ago, nineteen of
drownwd like rats
A Disgraceful Condition in
Connection With High
Cost of Living
If the high-cost-of-living investigations are carried far enough it is expected that it will bo shown that a
considerable numbor of persons really
ought to bc in jail. For instance, something more than 800,000 pounds of fruit,
vegetables and eggs have boon destroyed in tho Vuncouver incinerator. Why
wob this held until it was unfit for
consumption? Or, was.it unfit when
dostroyedf And who were the responsible parties? Theso aro questions
which investigation no doubt would
find answers to. That such a thing
should be permitted at a time wben
food seems to bo scarco—ut least judging by tho high prices—somebody must
bo responsible. And somebody should
be made to pay.
Tho denouement in connection with
the food situation camo when the high
cost of living commissioner, W. F.
O'Connor, published his report on the I
cold-storage companies. It was bad,
very bad. Tons upon tons of goods
were held in cold storage for no other
rouson than to influence tho market.
Reckoning that a largo portion of ihe
cold storage houses didn't mako a full
report, which is moro than likely, the
real figures must have been astounding.
Thoso published wero surprising enough.
Of course, the cold-storage men at
onco began to fight back vigorously,
and aro still doing so. But the cat
was lot out of tho bag and all their
protestations and excuses will not have
tho effect of turning popular opinion in
their favor. So it may bo expected
that W. R. Owen, alderman of this city,
may havo a path of obstucles before he
ia through with his present investigation of the work of destructioa at the
local incinerator into which in the pnst
five months close to a million pounds of
foodstuffs passed.
In connection with the cold-stornge
situation, and tho destruction of food
by those who would rather it wero destroyed than it should bo placed on tho
market and have tho -effect of bringing
prices down, it is remarkable thut the
peoplo who ought to have tho real
say in affairs, aro powerless to prevent
a fow food sharks and monopolists
from stnrving them. Somothing should
bo done ut onco by.limiting the time
food mny be held in cold stornge, or
by fixing the prices of thc commoner
articles of food. A writer on the high-
cost-of-living topic says:
"Thero is not tho lenst doubt thut
Ladyware
Spring Styles
—IN— '
Suits - - $25 to $50
Coats$16.50to$65
Silk Skirts $10.50 to $16.50
An assembly of tho Latest Ideas in
Ladies' Outerwear.
Gome in and sec for yourselves.
You'll view the display  with  keen
pleasure, whether yom buy or not.
FABRICS—the lateBt weaves;
CUT AND WORKMANSHIP—Absolutely faultless;
COLORS—All the popular shades of the
season;
STYLES—The very latest mode.
,*,,.' I "Thero is not tholenst doubt thut
Do not let us forget thut there aro 00]d st0rago is responsible to u largo
her methods of healing beside tho or-1 „,**„„* *«_*.!.-  * *
extent for tho great increnses in tho
prices of everyday necessities of the
table, like milk, butter, eggs, moat, flsh,
potatoes and many other articles. Cold
storage facilities make it possible for
these articles to bo hoarded up until
nn artificial scarcity is created, when
thc price is raised. Tho cold stornge
idea was intended to lower the cost
of food by preserving perishable articles from times of abundance to times
of scarcity. It wus not meant to bo a
moans of raising prices to famine rates.
The cold storage companies mny protest against Mr, O'Connor's report but
they cannot deny that they have wrongfully used their facilities to increase
prices until a majority of tho people
cannot buy enough food. Prices hnve
moro thnu doubled within n few yenrs
though Canada is a country that produces fnr more food thnn it needs nnd
has a large surplus for export.
Opp. Drysdale's
"We Sell All We Make
Cut Rate Drugs
gY breaking the Drug Combine we have solved
the problem in Vancouver of the high cost of
living so far as your Drug wants are concerned.
Compare the prices and service at our stores with
what you have been getting. ,
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOKE:
405 Hastlngi St. W. Phones Ssy. 1965 ft 1966
BRANCH STOKES:
7 Hastings Stieet WeBt   ' Seymonr 3532
782 Oranvllle Street Seymoar 7013
2714 Oranvllle Street Bay. 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street Seymoar 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 ft 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service et
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
Up to *20.00
Mon'ii Suits  ....
Up to *25.00
Mon 'h Suits  ....
Up to *30.00
Mon's Suits ....
Up to J35.00
Men's Suits ....
Up to $37.50
Mon'a Suits ....
$13.75
$16.75
$19.75
$24.75
$28.75
Up    to    $20.00
Overcoats 	
Up    to    $25.00
Overcoats 	
Up    to    $30.0?
Overcoats 	
Up    to    $35.00
Overcoats 	
Up    lo    $.10.00
Overcoats 	
$14.75
$16.75
$19.75
$24.75
$28.75
$14.75
U20 HEAVYWEIGHT MOLESKIN LINED
ENGLISH RAINCOATS	
See thoso raincoats tomorrow If you   want   somothing  extra   good   to
keep oat both ram and wind.   A two-year gunrantoo with ovory coat.
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 ORANVILLE STREET
tlio bonus paid by the companies to men
who worked 22 days a month. These
tWO gross mis-statements were challenged, He wns publicly asked if ho
mnde any Inquiries amongst the organ!-
zed eonl minors, nnd nlso askod if ho
did not think a practical man should
do the investigating. But, so far, lie
hus fnilcd to nnswer the questions. Ho
now hns tho monumental Rail to say
that Lnbor has not received enough consideration. Ho certninly can say thut
conscientiously, for ho most assuredly
did his best to lay nil the blamo for
the high cost of fuel on tho conl minors.
No wonder a higher-up eonl company
official cnn say tlmt "Mr. Thompson is
n fnir man." You bot he is—to the
eoal companies.
Look Out for Treachery
Mr. Thompson mnde tho statement.
about not giving consideration to Labor
whon ho seconded the resolution, drnwn
up by Mr, Endie of tho Vnncouver
Bonrd of Trnde, whicli requested thoir
council to arrango n conference with
the Vnncouver Trades and Labor council, to discuss questions of labor nnd ,
production. I
Tho Lnbor council will do well to be
on its guard nnd bear In mind the pnst
tactics of the seconder of tlio resolution, lest Mr. Thompson comes with the
olive branch iu ono hnnd and a clnb in
tho other. Tho result of early training,
sometimes manifests itself in thc speech
of tho writer and ono of tho passnges
that I heard some yenrs ago comes to
my mind now: "They speak openly
with their lips, but dissemble in their
double hearts." However, wo can trust
tho Vancouver trado unionists to steer
minors, through wnter
'"rn  abandoned mln
breaking   \n   from nn
d n fow dnys ago n
WHO MADE THE WAR?
* pnf
wreck was caused on the E, &' N
rood, by tho track giving wny,
this snmo mine. L.ickily for all th
scngers, tho engineer saw tlie subsidence
in timo to snvo tho rest of tho train,
but there is very little hopo entertained
of saving his lifo. Ho and the /ircmnn
jumped, but did not clear. The fireman
sustained badly broken arms, and the
engineer was badly sbinshed, one foot
being nlmost crushed to n pulp, in addition to severe infernal injuries. His
lifo is morely hanging by a thread nt
tlie present timo, Possibly something
mny now be dono to remove the menace
of nn abandoned mino. Anyway we
hopo so.
The Next Stage of Development
[Toronto World]
Complete nationalization, (of railways) wc believe, is needed, and wo
linvo little patience with those who are
urging government operation and control of the railways only for tho period
of tho war. They would havo all the
roads scrambled together into an omelet
for thc next three or four yenrs. nnd
longer if necessary, with the understanding that eventunlly tho eggs .should
bc unscrambled, and each road restored
to its stntus quo unto. But this is impracticable, and wc believe thut. tlie
Toronto fllobo quito succinctly stntes
tho caso by snying:
"Rnilwny nntionnlization is inevit*
uble as a permanent solution of the
Dominion's transportation problem,"
Yet wo by no menns ndmit thnt wo
must guarantee the stockholders of tho
Canadian Pacific Railway company a
porpetual dividend of ten per cent. |
A Canadian officer iu thc Loudon
royimant, writing to Lieut.-Col. J. ulvd
Smith, says: "I have, to begin with,
the duties of Lewis gun ofitcer and
work officer to do at present, nnd whet
np the line I did Intelligence ns well,
therefore [ urn fully employed. The
latter job gave me moro to think nbout
in connection with the wnr thnn anything I hnve yet undertaken. I lind
some nnsty work, and 1 would liko nothing better thnu to tnko tho devils
who aro responsible fur this hellish
business und place them on tho battlefield at night, alone with the dead; let
tholn see what men are born for; lot
thom see their friends with er.ishod
heads Olid limbless bodies; mnke thom
lie iu shell holes, with half u body protruding in an upright position; let them
gnzo upon a body on a stretcher with
the bearers dead alongside; and if these
sights do not mnke them repent of their
crimes then well might wc nil cry:
"W'lin made the war?"-—"Canada."
See the New Spring Models in
MEN'S SHOES
A man should exercise thc greatest eare In buying shoes.
He should buy his shoes at a store that is reliable in the fullest sense of the word.
Thc men wc shoo this spring will have no cause for regret
and will meet with no shoe disappointments.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
Shipyard Occupations
Asbestos worker, acotylono welder,
anglosinith, blacksmith, 'binder (for
turbines), boilcrmaker, bolter-up, chipper and caulker, coppersmith, core-
maker, counter (for piece-work), counters! nkcr, crane operator, developer
(makes templets from models), draftsmen, marine; draftsmen, mechanical;
driller, electrician, electrical wi reman, j
electric welder, engineer (power), en-1
gineor (shipyard), erector (riggers),
estimator, fireman, glnnge turner, furnace mun, gniitrymun, gulvunizor, helper, improver, joiner, joggler (makes offset bends in plates on machine), laborer, linerinan, loftsmnn, machinist
(shop), machino tool operators, machinist (o,itsidc), mangier (for plute
straightening rolls), moldor, painter,
puttorn mnker, pipe fitter, pipe bender,
pressor (bends shapo on press), pinto
straight oner, plumber, pipe nmchino
hand, pipe cutter, puncher, qunrlerman
(boss of small gnng), reamer, regulator
(skilled setter-up), rigger, riveter, rivet
honter, rivet holder-on, rivet pnsser,
ship enrpentcr, ship fitter, sheet metal
workor, spar maker, stage builder, storekeeper, tnnk tester (skilled hand oulk-
or), tool grinders, tool mnkers, tracer,
truckman, upholsforcr, weigher, wood
calkcr, wood reamer.
The Eternal Question
What is it going to Cost?
The question uppermost in the mind of every manufacturer is: Can we get the fuel? What is it going
to cost? When may we expect delivery?
To keep running' 24 hours a day, to keep production
apace with demand
USE GAS
For Industrial
Fuel
and your problem is solved at once.
You have at your command our immense resources.
You pay a definite amount that does not fluctuate.
You pay for gas only as it is used—there is no need
to tie up capital in a fuel pile.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Sey. 6000 PAGE FOUR
THE  BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT February 22, 1918
IHE B. C.
Published every Friday morning by the B. C.
Federationist, Limited
ft. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Lahor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Bey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.60 per year; in Vancouver
City,  92.00;  to unions   subscribing
In   a   body,   $1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminster W.  Yates. Box  1021
Princo Rupert S. D. JIacdoiiald, Uox 2(jK
Victoria A.  S. Wells,  Box  15-JB
"Unity of Labor:   tlie Hope of the World*
been infused into an otherwise dull and
drub existence. As long as their lumps
hold o,it to burn, we are reasonably assured of fur more of hu'innr than of sadness in this world not otherwise uttliet-
ed with nnything more inspiring and
uplifting than just plain everyday wnr.
E'
DITORIAL gems ure so common
during these parlous times that
thoy are becoming the very
cheapest things in the murket. Still
thero is an occasional one that is
really worth pick
THE AWFUL
PREDICAMENT
OF RUSSIA
hint:
FRIDAY Februa
THE DULL round of worry, work
and war, that, normal and quite
satisfactory existence to which wo
havo long sinco become uncustomed, is
occasionally brokon nnd disturbed by
sudden und often vio-
FLASHES OF lent (lushes of intol-
RULING OLASS loctual bri 11 i n n c c
INTELLIOENOE.along thc horizon of
ruling class perspicacity in diplomacy, both foreign nnd domestic, and sagacity in the noble art of
government. And two s.ie.li flashes of
brilliunco, positively blinding in tlieir
intensity, havo illumined tho horizon
during recent times, that should be recorded in tho annals of history us the
most remurkablo manifestations of the
superiority of human intelligence over
mere animal instinct that, ever happened. The first dazzling (lush of governmental genius camo last weok. in the
shape of a "thou shalt not," aimed
and directed at certnin literary productions published and circulated by the
International Bible Students' Association, und thc authorship of which ure
accredited to tho Into Pastor Russell.
This wicked literature, having been
placed under the ban of governmental
excommunication from Cnnnda and
heavy penalties placed upon sinf.il persons who arc so lost to due and proper
rospect and reverence for governmental
nuthority as to harbor any of the offending printed matter, either in defiance of its decree or in ignorance of it,
tho foundations of tho State are no
doubt once more rendered secure and
the tottering superstructure of ruling
class society and civilization will cease
to tottor, at lenRt until somo other sinner or sinnors launch anothor wicked*
book or pamphlet against it. It is to
laugh. It is also to mako humblo npo-
logy for the rofloction so frequently
cast upon tho lower animals iu our egotistic assumption that tho intelligence
of mankind is somothing superior to the
instinct that accounts for their unties,
both grotesque and otherwise.
*        * *
Upon the othor hand, however, it is
reaUy no laughing matter. The dictum
"thou shalt not," which in German is
spelled "verboten," is the sole decroo
of which govornment, by its vory naturo and purposo, is capable. Stripped
of all humbug it never wos anything
but tho club of rulors, for tho purpose
of affirming their rule. Tho other way
of spelling it is robbery. Tho affirming
of their right to rule and rob. Tho ruling thjgs and ruffians of tho dark ages
used to burn offending literature in the
market place, but our rulors aro fnr
abovo tho intellectual level of such ludicrous and vulgar horso play. Thoy sond
their polico and dotcctivos to approhond
the wicked stuff, arrest it and lock it
up in durance vilo. This shows tho progress tbat has beon mndo during the
last twelvo or fourteen hundred yoars in
the intellectual realm of government. In
the olden timo Bible students and othor
heretics who interpreted tho soripturos
in a manner distasteful to the ruffianly
ruling class, wero impatiently and
harshly given tho stocks, tho rack and
the thumbscrew. In theso days of enlightenment and high-class civilization,
all that is dono to thom is to patiently
and gently turn the ice wator hose upon
them until they aro frozen stiff, and
then set them aside upon a eold stone
Blab to warm themselves into a sincere
repentance for their sins and intensify
in thtm a lovo for thoir country, thut
could not bo healthily cultivated in any
other manner than by such benevolent
and uplifting instructions and treatment.
*        *        *
Tho other noteworthy dash of brilliance that has illuminated tho ordinarily
placid horizon of ruling class activity
occurred during the present weok. Whilo
it did not como from the official intellectuality of ruling class governmental
moukcydom, it is nono the less brilliant, nay, it is positively dazzling. This
flash wns flashed by no loss a celobrity
thnn Mr. Sumuel Gompers, in a cablegram to the inter-allied conference of
labor aud socialist bodios at London,
declaring that American labor would
not participate "in this or other conferences at the present time, owing to
the belief that Gorman influences wero
thoir inspiration,"   In tho curlier years
of tho war everybody, even down to
tho smallest kid, could and would lustily bawl "pro-Gormun" nt everybody
and everything that they had not wit
onough to understand.   This wus looked
upon by all persons of intelligence as
duo  to  tho  passions  of  thc hour  und
thoir infijenco nnd effect upon weak and
immature mentalities. Such ebullitions of
childishness, both among immature in
fants and decadent and senile adults,
was generally viewed with appropriate
compassion by normally sane nnd sensi
ble peoplo who, as a rule, clearly understood that tho victims wero not mentally responsible for their silly vocal performances.    Tho Federationist has at
times felt that Mr. Gompors was such
a completely petrified reactionary ns to
bo absolutely impervious to tho shafts
of   intellectual   progress   and   mentnl
growth.   But wc now discover our or-
rbr.   Sam. has progressed, as his latest
flash  of  brillianco doth clearly show.
Ho is even now possessed of a breadth
of vision and a ponetrnting keenness of
discernment fully abreast of that possessed   by   tho  aforesaid   worthy  but
weok persons who so lustily shouted
"pro-German" during tho onrly days
of the war.   Sam. can no moro bo fooled
now than thoy could then.  Ho cnn now
smell the trail of tho Germnn with the
best of thom.   And all of this accomplishment ho hath acquired in such a
short timo, too.   The most of it seems
to havo como unto him since the first
of April, 1017, or since his government
and his country sot out in quoBt of the
Holy Grail and to reBCUo tho Sopulcher
of domocracy  from   tho  wicked autocracy that would desecrate it.   Take it
all oround and the last two weeks havo
boen anything but dull.   Botweon Ram-
uol and our own Ottawa government
officials,  much  life   and  activity has
ing up. The following, from the
Ottawn Citizen,
is  positively  bril-
The Federationist is advised by at
lopst a few of tho roturned soldiers
that they never hud an opportunity to
vote for the Labor candidates while
overseas, iu lbe recent federal election,
there being only the two old parties represented on the ballot. Hero is anothor opportunity for a commission to
"investigate" the crooks at Ottawa
who engineered the steal.
"Today Russia presents a picture
of a country of 170 million people
on the verge? of anarchy, starvation,
and industrial collapse.   Tho finances
of tho country arc hopeless, there is
neither export or import trading, industries huve censed to operate uud
thu   prices  of   food   and   necessaries
liavo reached nbnormnl heights."
It is culled  from an  editorial  enp-
tioncd    "Russia's   Formal   Collapse,"
dealing with thc snd fact that the Bolsheviki government  of Russia has decided  to abandon the snno and sober
pathway of glorious  wnr und plunge
nto  tho  mud  intoxication  of ignoble
peaco.
* # *
It is indeed sad to contemplate th"
fate of those millions of people, in u
country of boundless resources, deliberately rushing into "anarchy, starvation und industrinl collapse," whon
thoy might just as well have continued
to travel the pathway of order, nbuu-
danco und industrial stability, that is
yet so gaily trod by thoso nations that
still remain sanely belligerent. Tlie
folly of some millions of soldiers leaving the battlofront where life is inevitably one continual round of pleasure
d high living, and deliberately returning to their fields and herds to
perish of "anarchy and starvation,"
s enough to make angels weep. Of
nurse, tho "anarchy" consists exclusively of the Bolsheviki disposition to
kick all landlord and capitalist thieves
into the discard of useless and expensive luxuries already too long tolerated,
but even that should not disturb the
mental poise of thc Citizen, for thnt
amiable, aud in pence times, nearly sauo
licet, is itself inildy afflicted with thc
inglo tax vagary, which is supposed
by many simple persons to contain a
direful threat against landlords. As the
iinglo-taxcr is completely obsessed with
tho hallucination that thc landlord is
the heavy villain of tho tragedy, one
ight bo led to expect to hoar loud
applause from the single-tax benches
whenever tho landlord got a solar plexus
swat, no matter from what quarter.
Anything that runs counter to the
established "order" of class rulo ond
robbery, is nt once proclaimed ns
'anarchy" by all elements in prosont
socioty that fatten and batten upon tlie
plunder tnken from the slaves bf class
uie. Thc idea thnt the people of any
nation who havo sufficient sonno to
break that rule, and thereby put a stop
to tho robbery thnt has been perpetrated upon them under it, will bo
plunged into starvation as a consequence, must either be the product of n
mole-eyed mentality or u shop. Evon
a child should know that rulo und robbery nro no aids to the production of
things requisite to the sustenance of
the producers thereof, but are, upon tho
contrary, drains and hindrances upon it,
and consequently a useless burden upon
the producors. Tho moro rulo nnd robbery tho groator tho danger of starvation being forced upon the producers,
The less rule and robbery the less the
After long-continued and pains-
tnking search through the archives of
history we ure compelled to admit, that
wc have been unable to Jind any record
of orgunized brigands, burglars, porch
climbers, horse thieves or other illegal
nnd petty robbers and looters, who
ever conducted their operations under
the pretence of liberty, democracy and
tho rights of smnll property holders.
The artist who designed some paper
money now being circulated in Prussia
has been arrested on the charge of
holding up thc fufherlnnd to ridicule.
It wns discovered that marginal
decorations consisted mostly of drawings of urticlca of food. Above a picture of u ham tiie artist inscribed in
microscopic letters; "A tender memory and a fond hope." Over a design
of three turnips he wrote: "This is
how tho Germans live."
Speaking of pacifists it might bo well
i to mention thut those weak and misguided mortals arc not altogether to
blame for getting the world in to tlio
hell of a fix it is now wallowing in.
To be sure they uro to bc severely condemned for even entertaining a desire
to bring the present delightful stato of
affairs to un end. That which the ruing cluss of the world and the slaves
who arc its anchor and solo support so
minently employ, should not be disturbed by those who are so weak of intellect us to fancy that poace und decency
preferable to war nnd glorious
slaughter.
Geo. Ki rkpatrick 's book, '' War—
What For", has been placed under tho
ban in Canada, by the much affrighted
government. And it should bo so
placed. In fact it ought to havo been
banned long ago. Anybody who wants
to know what tho prosent war is for
an easily find out by reading thc daily
press or mnking enquiry of any he or
she patriot. It doesn't require a book
to elucidato so simple a proposition os
"liberty, democracy and tho rights of
smnll nations." The book hns no doubt
been banned as a "war savings" measure, in view of another Victory Loan?
Or perhaps it would be Vnore propor to
say nnother loan for the snme victory.
danger of tho producers being fore
ovor the great divide via the stiirv
tion routo. In tho words of Jefferson,
"tho people are governed best, who are
governed least." Evidently Jefferson
knew that government meant robbery.
And whatevor folly thoro may be in tho
"nnnrchy" so noisily decried by tho
barkers of tho ruling'class, it, nt least,
doos not spell robbery.
*        *        *
Does tho Ottawa Citizen fancy thn
tho producors of any country livo oither
by iinauco or tradof      If so,    how!
Finance and trado are incidental to a
civilization based upon human slavery.
Those contraptions or contrivancoa or
whatover you mny be pleased to call
thom, constitute an important part of
tho machinery of flim-flam and docoit
whereby tho rulers and robbers of the
enrth maintain their right to thus rulo
und rob, and distribute their plunder
so as best to conscrvo thc purposes of
thoir class in tho continuation of the
delectable game.   The producers of ih
country live by iinauco and trado. Thoy
morely fail to die, in most instance!
in spito of tho pressure of finance and
trade upon thoir energy und toughness
of hide.   Rulers and all that vnst army
of retainers, pimps, upologists nnd a
host of toilers engnged iu usoless production (all outside of food, clothing,
shelter, etc., required for tho actual sustenance of the producers thereof)  do
live by financial flim-flam  aad  trade,
but thoy do so merely because these uro
tho means whoreby the proceeds of the
plunder of tho producors is turned to
ruling-cluss    account,    aggrandizement
and glory.   Among the proud nations of
tho earth that aro slill sane onough to
rolnain    belligerent   and   industriously
pursue tho exceedingly profitable pathway of glorious wur, "finances" are
hopeful and export und import, trading
is still going ou.   Not so much in the
Central Empiros ns outside, it is true,
but even thnt does not seem to make
much  difference.    And, unlike  Russia,
tho prices of food nnd necessaries have
not "reached abnormal heights," oh
no,    Wo can still get a 15-ccnt meal
for hnlf a dollar nnd other things in
proportion.   Tho financinl situation   is
good.    Stago money is still at somewhat of a discount as compared with
the real money of tho realm, but, at
| the   present   rnte of  readjustment,  it
will undoubtedly go to, or even above
par inside of the next three yenrs or
so,  if  thc  wnr continues.    If not it
will anyhow, so what's tho uso? Even
Russia in "nnnrchy" will have to go
some to beat that.   It is indeed sad,
prodigiously and profoundly so, to con-
template the awful fate yawning for
tho simple and peacefully inclined Russians in their foolhardly abandonment
of tho path of sob.'loty nnd roctitudo
so gloriously pursued by tho enlightened
autocracies and  democracies    of    tho
earth, and their reckless plunge into
tho wildorncss of "nnnrchy, starvation
and industrial collapse."   But it Is 0
futo that thoy richly doscrvo for hav*
ing spurned tho Invigorating rich red
rum of glorious war for rulers and mas-
torH, only to imbibo tho intoxicating
vodka of ignoble penco for themselves.
Before the Germans advnnce too far
into Russia, it might bo advisable for
them to peruse the historical account
of Mr. N. Bonaparte's fnmons experience, when ho mnde n similnr business
trip to that frosty land during tho wln-
ter season.
upon labor mon nnd a world labor movement that at least plays no boot-licking policy towards the powers that
rule nnd rob tho toilers of the enrth.
Tho most thnt could bc truthfully said
of .Samuel and his bumptious impudence
is, that it is no trouble for him to make
a most vulgar display of it ut a lno-
ment's notice and like that other spectacular nss, Roosevelt, he never misses
un opportunity to do so. But that he
und his grotesque ignorance is in any
manner typical of the rank nnd file
of tho American Lubor movement is
absurd. His grandiloquent importance
and bombastic assumption in loftily
cablegramming uncalled for and witless
impudence of the cheap opera bouffo
variety to the conference, is truly typical of cither an ignorance thnt is
chronic nnd deep-seated, or u moral turpitude that is even worse.
Mr, Walloping Heavy Taft, one-time
president of tho United States, and at
another an "ulso run," is quoted ns
snying thut "tho grout national burden of debt that we are assuming, the
great expansion of nominal values that
the financing of this war involves und
thu reaction nnd radical readjustment
which peace must bring by a complete
cutting-ofV of tho grout demand for war
supplies, will produce u halt in business nnd a period .of hard times. Such
jolts bring people to a realization of
fudumeutal economic truth," There is
a "fundamental economic truth" upon
which the superstructure of this "business" civilization is built, nnd which
is responsible for its alternating periods
of dullness (pence) uud strenuosity
(war), duly spiced and made interesting with sudden halts, furious hard
times uud nerve-shattering jolts. Thut
"fundohiontnl economic truth" is thnt
this civilization is based npon hum an
slavery. If these "jolts" are instrumental in awakening tho slavos to a
knowledge of this "fundamental economic truth," that will be ull that is
necessary to insure the overthrow of
tho accursed regime that is predicated
upon the enslavement of the wealth-
producers of the earth. With that hopo
in view, let her "jolt." In the meantime let tho slaves console themselves
with the fnct that, as a clnss, they owo
no debt, either national or otherwise,
thut could be pnid with anything moro
palatable uud pleasingly acceptable to
a creditor class than rotten eggs. Slnves
never could owe masters nnything hotter than  a good hiding, anyhow.
While referring to n Montreal firm
that paid its employees the regular
wuges for some two or three dnys during which its business was suspended
by order of the fuel controller, the
Labor World of that city says: "It is
a great tribute to all these firms who
havo undertaken to see that thoir help
does not suffer nny loss for this necessity of the government." No doubt
true, brother, no doubt true, but why
discriminate in thus pnying tribute
where tribute is due? The practice referred to has always boen tho custom
among farmers. These worthy folk invariably feed nnd shelter their work
nnimnls during the times of idleness
upon the farm, no mntter whnt the
causo for such idleness. In justice to
tho farmer and his ox, his horse, his
mule and his nss, wc emphatically protest against this eminently unfnir and
un-Caiiadian distribution of praise.
On February ](i the daily press of
this continent pointed tho accusing
finger nt Germnn autocracy in no uncertain manner by featuring the fnct
thnt "mnny Socialists were arrested ia
police raids at Berlin, Leipzic nnd
Mannheim, according to reports reaching hero todny. No roason for tho
raids are known." And the jails of
tho much-touted "greatest democrncy
on earth" aro at the snmo timo holding
hundreds of Socinlists, I. W. W.'s, and
othors whoso appearance and conduct
indicate tho possession of intelligence
abovo tho safety level of tho docilo and
cringing slave, who have been seized
nnd nro held without warrant and without known reason. No accusing finger
hns been pointed nt tho governing authorities responsible for such a manifestation of pro-Germanism; such n
copying of Prussian brutality and tyranny. All of which goes to clearly
demonstrate tho essential difference betwoen the effeto and vicious autocracy
of mid-Europe ond tho progressive and
onlightened democracy of this western
world. Tho difference between ruling
class autocratic twoodlodoe nnd ruling
clnss demoerntic tweedledum is thus
made plain.
"In thc United States today each organization, as well as ench individual,
is boing measured und properly so by
the question of their loyalty to our
nntion," says John B. Lennon, of the
A. F. of L. Stated in plainer terms each
Fi
cm oui of
I IK
Special Committee Makes a
Report  Favoring  Conscription of Labor
Subject Brought Up at Tuesday Night Meeting and
Laid Over for Month
The report of the special committee
of the B. C. Manufacturers' association, appointed to consider the question of nlien labor aud the so-called
shortage of labor, made a report in
fnvor of genoral conscription which was
to havo been expected from tho personnel of the committee. George G.
Bushby was chairman, lie is the hend
of the B. C. Murine Railways, which
hus hud almost constant trouble with
its employees over wuges nnd working
conditions. Tho others of the committee woro John Hanbury, the lumberman, and James Ramsay, big employer
of women labor in his confectionery
and crucker fuctory; E. G. Baynes and
George Giles, the hitter the hend of
the Vancouver Engineering Works.
Although the association did not deul
with the subject at its annual meeting,
there was so little objection to it thut
it is presumed a considerable number
of tho members favor the report, which
is quoted in full below. It is reported
thut were it uot for the interference
of Mnyor Gnle, the report might have
been adopted on the spot. The mnyor
took the view that the average working
man wns not so hnrd to got along with
if he wos decently treated, and his experience had been that his employees
whenever any difficulties nroso over
wages or working conditions, were always prepared to go a littlo further
than half wuy to effect an amicable
settlement.
The labor committee of thc B. C.
Manufacturers-' association recommended as follows:
Labor Bureau
British   Columbia  is  experiencing  a
 * ~, ~ r    period    of    considerable   activity    in
organization of slaves, as well as each shipbuilding, both steel and wood, and
Louis F. Swift, head of tho big Chicago packing house, recently uddrossed
the convention of thc Nntionnl Livestock association. During his talk ho
admitted that the profits of Swift &
Co., for tho fiscal year amounted to tho
trifling sum of $114,000,000. But, ho
added, "if tho packers hod mnde no
profit whatever it would mnke no appreciable difference in thc prico paid
producors for livestock or tho prico
paid by consumers for meat." H!b re-
tnnrks nearly caused a riot in tho convention, of course, which would havo
been impossible had tho delegates thero
present been readers of Tho B. C. Foderntionist. They would hnvo beon wiso
to the fact thnt these fabulous profits
much talked about consist of nothing
but figure? representing whnt. the workers of the future arc supposed fo pny becnuse human society in tho pnst consumed all the wealth its workers produced. "Yo Gods and little fishes!"
Whnt. a grotesquo joke this finance
business is, nnyway. And with what
grotesque solemnity it is viewed and
reverenced by tho little wits of this
most grotesque age. Thnt Swift enmc
■>o near to exposing tho hollow pretence
of thiB windy fable about nn accumulation of figures being un nceumulatlon
of wenlth, mny have been duo to tho
convention being held in a "wet"
stnte. Like Charley Schwnb he may
not hnve a safe and snne control of hi's
tongue once he hnth partaken unduly
of bottled inspiration. Be that as it
mny, however, both Swift nnd Schwab
are all right, at least whon they aro not
all wrong.
It is a pleasure to note that Arthur
Henderson, British Labor leader, nnd
Albert Thomas, French Labor lender,
on bohnlf of tho conference of tho inter-
nlllod Laborites at London, have cabled
Samuel GompcrB, tho bumptious president of the American Federation of
Labor, requesting a "refutation of tho
statoment made by him that American
labor believes tho London conforonco
was Gorman inspired." The only fault
to flnd with tho action of Hondorson
and Thomns is that they did not demnnd thnt tho impudent* nnd fossilized
old reactionary hencoforth koop his
world movomonts and tendoncioB to
himself and no longor go to tho trouble
of  attempting to hoop  cheap insults
individual slnvo, is being measured uud
properly so by the question of loyalty
to our musters. Those thnt measure up
to the proper standard of docility and
servility receive approving pats upon
tho back, have their eardrums tickled
with fulsome praise and their egotism
and vanity so fattened by ruling cluss
hypocrites, that they imagine them-
selves of us much importance iu the
groat scheme of things as did the
fabled "fly upon the wheel." Thoso
that do not properly measure up are
classed among lho "slackers, traitors,
pro-Germans, disloyalists, I. W. W.'s,
conscientious objectors, Bible students
and othor constitutionally wicked uud
undesirable persons whom his Satanic
majesty has enlisted for tho ignoble
purposo of punching holes in tho mask
of smug hypocrisy and deceit, behind
which rulers and ruffians carry on
their game of world rapine and plunder,
and thus exposing tlieir nefnrious
schemo to the gaze of the ribald nnd
i sinful multitude of slnves who aro inclined to bronk their chains nnd depart
from the legally prescribed rectitude of
conduct so generously provided by masters for the especial sanctificntion of
slavos. The noisiest of these reprobates nre chucked into Gook County
jnil and similar institutional monuments erected to the glorification of
tho rulers of our time ns tho pyramids
were to that of the Egyptian rulers of
long ago. And there securely situated,
fnr from the "madding throng" and
safe agninst tho barks nnd bites of canine curs, theso wicked ones nre given
much timo to ruminate over their wickedness and awake to a full realization of
tho truth of the biblicnl saying, thnt
"tho wny of tho transgressor is hard,"
moro especially us the transgression hns
been ngninst the rules, regulations and
■diets set forth by nn earthly ruling
class to direct, its slnves along tho pathway of obedience nnd seemly conduct
upon which tho happiness, security nnd
glory of their masters depends.
Trench life, "over tlicro" finds ils parallel
In Massachusetts, nccm-illng to Dudley H,
Holmnn, who staled at n inert ini? of cotton
manufacturers that on:1 man was killed In industry in this state every six hours Inst yoar,
und that ilurhiK tho snmo period some work-
ini.* man or woman was moro or less seriously
injured every minute.
"Wo arj killing nnd maiming," ho snid,
more people in industry Annually than wo
will call to the rulors in tho first threo drafts.
Kvory worker is an economic asset, whoso
value Increases or decreases in proportion te
his productivity. tie becomes a liability
When he is rendered unable to work, whether
tlio ennsn is accident or preventable trade
disease.
"There Is Borioos doubt If wo cnn meet tbo
rei|ulri'm>iits throat upon us by this world
wnr If we do not nl onee begin to stop this
waste."—Dally Press.
It requires neither a map nor yet it
set of building blocks to clearly demonstrate to an intellect equal to thnt of n
goose, that Mr. Holman wan dealing
with the wnstnge of human merchnn-
disc, thnt usually walks around on two
legs, nnd sometimes on less, in exactly
tho samo manner that ho would have
dealt with a wastage of cotton or any
other material entering into his lino of
manufacture. In ordinary times this
particular "waste" would not be worth
mentioning, for the humnn raw mater-
costs the capitalist nothing moro
than a whistle, and this is cut down to
the irreducible minimum by tho fact
that a slavo blows it. But just now
when so much of this costless junk is
feeding itself to lho cannon of Europfl,
Mr, Holman lots a squawk of alarm out
of him on behalf of his cotton mill interests, lest tho supply of junk bo too
sadly depleted and tho stream of profit
be painfully lessened thereby. In thoso
times that especially call for patriotic
effort, it should bo tho boundon duty of
every loyal manufacturer to reduce tho
waste of raw material to the lowest
possible limits. Whoro they can snve
one working plug by not killing him at
homo thoro will bo ono moro to bo sont
to Europo for tho enemy to butcher.
And this sort of a vienrious sacriflco
won't cost the employors nnything,
whilo it will bo, in a way, compelling
tho low-down Huns to pay for their Bal-
vntion by tho hnrd labor of killing. But
in tho light of Hr. Holman's rovola-
tlons, it seems that tho accusation of
cownrdice will no longor stick against
those working pooplo of Massachusetts,
who inBtflt on staying at home and facing tho dnngors of industry, in profor-
onco to ontoring tho Kuropean zone of
comparative snfety.
BIRKS' DIAMONDS
are u gift of unusual worth.
WHEN as a specially fine gift   Birks'   Diamonds   nre
offered, it is pleasurable to reflect that they are fully
worthy of thc occasion.    Thoy are of the highest grado
that money cnn procure.
EXCEPTIONAL VALUE—due to special buying powers
—is offered  the purchaser   of   Birks'   Diamonds.    We
cordially invite inspection and enquiries, whether n pur*
: is intended or not.
arma*
_&_*'\]
Goo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Granville St.
there is evory prospect of tho shipbuilding programme being enlarged.
Again the war is mnking n constant
demand ou the lumbering industry, and
our mining and fishing industries will
nlso bo required to work to capacity.
Many lines of industry today are suffering from shortage of skilled labor
and increasing industrinl activity us
outlined will further augment that shortngo, und arrangements must be made
somehow by whicli un adequate supply
of lubor can bo imported from other
points in Cnnndn, where there may be
a surplus. Your committee hns gone
very thoroughly into the proposed act
and is of the opinion that the inauguration of employment and labor biireuus
throughout the various provinces, op
orated under the department of lubor,
is a stop in the right direction. No
provision hns been made to cover the
existing regulation regarding labor con
trncts signed in other provinces for
work in British Columbia, but it may
safely bo left, to the framers of the
proposed bill to hnvo somo amending
act passed validating such contracts.
Another point which occurred fo your
committee was the possibility of nn influx of lnbor to the prniries in tho
summer, tuking advantage of reduced
rates and consequent shortage here, but
it is felt that such n condition will apply both ways nnd mako a practical
''saw-off," thereforo your committee
aro of the opinion that fho proposed
act. should bo endorsed by the association, and request mado to tho framers
and proposed movers to have it enacted
with us littlo delay as possiblo.
Alien Labor
Your committee in discussing this
phnso of the lubor situation wero fortunate in having the industrial com-
misioncr of the natural resources department of the C. 1*. R. at their deliberations. This gentleman wns in n
position to givo some interesting informntion in regnrd to nlien lubor in the
Great West collieries in Manitoba.
Most of tho labor in those mines is
foreign, and there is now or has been
reccintly a striko for higher wagos.
The international union will havo nothing to do with thoso men, so that tho
government's hands aro freo to take
drastic measures. Tho men huve freely
expressed tho opinion thnt thoy will
work when and how they like, and for
wages they personally consider suitable,
and if the govornment interns thorn
then thc government litis to keep them
in idleness, so why should thoy care.
Such a state of affairs is an outrnge,
and in tho opinion of your committeo
some steps should bo immediately
taken by tho government to remedy
same. Wo have instances in our own
province where enemy lnbor is employed ut $4 to iff! per duy, nnd where our
own boys nro on guard at the plant nnd
receiving $1.10 per day. Your committeo would suggest that, our association
go on record with the government demanding tho immediate conscription of
all alien labor; that when conscripted
this lnbor should be given $1,10 per
dny for a fixed amount of work nnd
board, and the difference between $1.10
nnd the standard wago for such work
bo turned into a special fund with the
government for tho prosecution of the
war, or for some purposo conected with
tho war. If any difficulty nroso the
conscriptionoos could be placed under
tho control of roturned soldiors, some
of whom would bo glad of tho work.
It mny bo that international law would
bo a deterrent, but your committee
would refer to conditions ns thoy nro
today in Belgium, Sorbin, Poland, etc.,
under German rule.
Conscription of Labor
Your committno has givon this matter very careful study and consideration nnd is of tho opinion that lnbor
Bhould not bo conscripted without somo
corresponding government control of industry. Your committoe is of the opinion that tho timo has como whon cooperation of industries is essential for
economy of production nnd for in-
croasod production, and whilo tho now
census of industrinl manpowor now proposed by tho govornment may havo
somo such ulterior motive, your committee would rocommond that tho association go on record as favoring government control of fnctories and output,
nnd concurrently therowith conscription
and allotment of labor.
Seattle Unionists Condemn
Frame-up in Mass
Meeting
Union men aud women of Senile
turned out by the thousands when the
Holders' union of thnt city held a parade and mass-meeting last Sunday on
behalf of Thomas Mooney nnd his co-
defendants of Sun Francisco. A parade
covering ton blocks, bended by Wagner's band, marched through the streets
of Seattle to Dreamland Pnvilion, which
was packed to overflowing wilh determined men and women, demanding the
release of Tom Mooney, Kinging resolutions, condemning the frame-up nt
San Francisco and calling upon the
workers of America to get behind the
demnnd for the freedom of nil the victims of thc Snn Francisco chamber of
commerce plot against Labor, wero
adopted.
Tho various elements of tho Lnbor
movement wero represented nmong the
speakers who addressed the gathering.
J, W, Kelly, representing tho Metal
Trndes Council, made a ringing appeal
to tho audience ou behalf of the Mooney defendants, urging industrinl action
should the courts of Cnlifornin fail to
give relief soon. Kound after round of
applause greeted Kelly's demand that
the Snn Francisco cases bo brought to
u close without further delay.
Dollar Value Cut in Two
stifying before a wage conference
board of, the stute industrial welfare
commission, Prof. Paul H. Douglas of
Hood college faculty, Port lund, Ore.,
snid that a man who received $50 a
month in 1800 was as well off as the
mun who now receives $100 for the
samo work. He showed statistics to
prove that tho cost of food has increased 40 per cent. biugo 1010, and asserted that thc purchasing power of a
dollar hus decrensed from 40 to .50 per
cent, since 1800.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
WITHOUT THE LAW
It ImpiKinott iii Bow street tho oilier morning. Tlio mill of justice was grinding lu
regular daily grist of drunks, nickpochots,
and potty thieves. Thoro were the eaino
Impersonal servants of tho hli ml goddess.
tho snme policeman in blue laughing nt thoir
littlo jokes, tho samo usher mumbling the
onlh to lho snmo witnesses, the sion- tired-
looking judgo on his raised sent, dunked nnd
barricaded with the snmo old books of ancient
laws. Then u conslnblo brought ber nut of
(Ira room whero prisoners were nwnitiug trial.
She had nover been pretty; her cheek-bones
wer too high, and tho lino of her jiiw too
sharp. An orange feather stuck up bravely
(rom tbe little bat which she wore tilted
too much to one side. Her suit was a cheap,
blue, Inllored thing, nnd a slit nt the side
displayed nn inch nr two of thin, silk-cind
nnkla, She did not seem to be feeling anything at all as she stood silently in the little
ra He (I-in platform, facing tho judge. Tl o
officer told bow bo bnd arrested ber while
she was dancing in a small street of Leicester Fipiare. What happened to the men for
wh< m -he v<as dancing the _*-t>r M<t nt*
•*ay 'Ihey were not in court. Fr-.jw.ilng,
'ho judge turned to ber: 'Are yon a common-- hi began, but before he flfiulil sny
tile ivcril she nodded, sullenly. Then a
young man rend ber history out of a record j
book. Tt wns long, and tho charge was always tlie same. Scornfully then the magistrate turned upon ber, speaking as only a
just man can to a painted woman: "Sn
you're hero again, aro you t Will yon Incoming every week?" Sho did not speak.
No blush gleamed through the powder on
her face. Only her ours grew tinted with
a faint, dull red. He fined ber the customary fine, nnd she went away, unmoved,
silent, nlmost sinililng. Did she understand
ber crime ngainst society I Finally she did
smile sardonically. Was she wondering how
much longer tho courts of a civilized community would continue partially to support
themselves- on th3 earnings of women like
herself!—P.  II. B., in British exchnnge.
—SAVE YOTO MONET-
N. STAGEY, Manager
Qranvllle and Pender
BTART A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow sway your spare
cash in any old oorner where it ii
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon perrect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your aeeonnt is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings de*
posits.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
INCORPORATED 18611
Cupital Paid-up  * 12,911,700
Kesorve Fund and Undivided Profits    14,604,000
Total Assots  336,000,000
HEAD  OFFICE,  MOMTEEAL
J. Edward Sears     Offlca: Sey. 4116
SEARS & PATTON
Birrilteri, Solicitor*, Conveyancer*, Etc.
Victoria tnd VancoutM
Vancouver Office: 610-7 Rogers Bldg.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
THE INCORPORATED
1856
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets   $84,000,000
Deposits    63,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
VnncQuvcr Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
The Bank of British North America
EiUliUshad in use
Branches throughout Canada and  at
NEW TORK, BAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Savings Department
The Royal Bank of Canada
110 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which IN
ore west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an aeeonnt and nuke deposits regularly—say, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay in withdrawal. F1WAY...
...February 22, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
THEATRES
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of February 25th
POSITIVELY THE MOST POW-
EBFUL    PLAY    WE    HAVE
EVER PRESENTED
it
The
Woman's
Battle"
$f  the  authnr  of  "Within  the
Law''
DON'T MISS IT
Prices—lac, 30c, 10c
IN THE LAND OF
IS
An Inspiring Vision of What
Might Be When Dreams
Come True
ORPHEUM
Week of February 25
KALMEK AND BHOWN
MAHION HARMS
FHADIUN & TELL
FRED ARDATH & CO.
FOSTER BALL
TnitEE WEBBER GIRLS
ALLAN SHAW
Evenings:    16c,  30c,  40c,  55c,  80c
Matinees: 15c, 20c, 30c, 55c
COLUMBIA
THURSDAY, FBIDAT AND
SATOBDAY
FODB ACTS of VAUDEVILLE
—and—
BEST   FEATURE   PICTURES
Prices—5c, 15c and 20c
PANTAGES
* NEXT WEEK
UYENA JAPS—ACROBATS
Jus. Thompson tt Co., In 'CAMOUFLAGE'
Other Big features	
—FEDERATIONIST PHONE-
SET. 7495
APTEE 6 p.m.—SET. 7497K
A World Application of the
Bolsheviki  Spirit
Suggested
[By Nemesis]
I have had a dreum—a dream no
vivid, so extraordinary, m beautiful,
and, I am afraid, so impossible—that I
am asking you to make it public; for
possibly there may bo somo modern
Joseph to interpret it or thore may bo
some profound psychologist for whom
it mny afford food for reflection and
conjecture; but to you and mo and
othor everyday mortals, it surely can
havo no meaning, being morely a phantasmagoria! medley from tho land of
dreams.
I dreamt that I was on the western
front amid tlio fames and filth of modern war. Tho shells were bursting
round me. Multitudes of human being
in poses of abject terror lay writhing
on tii" ground; Rnspini,' out their lives nnil
clutching frantically at thoir throats in a
last vain effort to snatch n breath of God's
puro air. Torn and severed limbs were
everywhere. O God! tho blood-tilled eyes,
sturiiif; from thoso foul und filthy burrows!
Thoso human eyes, devilish with the doll
Blown of the lust to tear and hill I Thoso
shriek* and curses that arose to heaven In
the lull of bursting shell and bullet's scream!
Dear Christ! Otic I saw, whoso eyes
were hanging from their sockets, madly
groping for u place of safety; another, torn
out of tin; semblance of his Maker's image,
was using up his last fow words in cursing
God.
A world's earthquakes and volcanic convulsions concentrated into one inferno! A
seething vortex of acrid fumes and choking
smoke! Words! Words! Words! Moro
feeble, futili human words I Hell's hest
scholars could invent no phrases to paint
tho horrors of that dream.
But suddenly in my dreaming ears,
nbove the din of that inferno, rang tho clear,
shrill note of a bugle, .lust onco it rang and
it was followed by a stillness, terrible in its
suddenness and mystery, Buyonets, stopped
in their murderous thrust, rpnto.il motionless
in the grasp of their users. Teams of horses,
in mad gallop, stood as if by that clear note,
they had been turned in that moment into
stone. Every muscle In those vast armfeft
sustained the pose it hnd assumed as thnt
elenr noto pierced earth nnd sky and halted
everything. Huge shells of death hung motionless in tho poisoned air. and mutilnted
corpses were arrested stiff and still, hnlf way
in their fall, und over all a fearful silence
fall.
Then the stillness nnd the silence were
broken by a voire.
Turning I beheld n vision the like nf
which inorlBl brain could not conceive. She
stood upon nn eminence nnd tho glory of her
presence had dispelled nil trace of fume und
filth and I gazed npon her through an atmosphere of puro and perfect transparency.
But It was thnt radiant, glorious countenance which held me spellbound. Its beauty
and majesty nre beyond tho feebleness of
words to depict; yet it blazed through all
Ihe chambers of my smil ns the personification  of a pure and, perfect love.
Lifting up her hand on high nnd with a
smile of Ineffable tenderness and love she
gave Utterance to one word in a tone which
was soft and low yet so piercing that it
svlliwl through every fibre of my being.
"Come."
Thon arose n tumult of tramping feet and
exclamations of wonderment nnd fear, ns
forth from those filthy burrows camo pour
inc. host after host of those dirty, bnttered,
Mood-Stained boys: and they stood before
her mid gazed at her nnd I saw the light
of a new-born hope in overy weary, blood-
bleared eye.
They stood before her, millions upon millions massed, friends nnd foes together, thoir
arms abandoned, mute, fearful, wondering,
yet every heart thrilling with a new-born
mysterious consciousness of the dawn of a
bettor dny. ,
Atrnin she lifted up her head and again
that  awful  silence reigned.
\ smile Ht up her radiant fact nnd she
pointed n finger at thnt vast multitude and
In   soft   low   tones,   yet   ench  syllablo   dis
tinct to the farthest unit of it, she upoke—
"For you the war is pustied. Uol i.uve'8
welcome awaits you. And for ever live responsive to that love. There is no thing in
iljaven or hiarth worth while but love. All
matter, mind uud soul are love made inani-
feat if mortals did but know it. Then go
and luve for only through Love can you harmonize with tiod and things eternal. Ou."
For a moment they stood ijuito still us if
they did not understand; then obeying one
common impulse they threw their arms about
inch other's necks and wept and kissed and
with a last grout shout of gladness they
turned and quickly went away and soon tlu
great plain was empty of all life.
I turned again and looked at the angel's
face und I saw that those heavenly features
had completely changed. Tha radiant smile
uf love was gone and the mouth was set in
hard, firm lines. The eyes which had moistened with a holy joy, as that glad shout from
thuse millions uf emancipated hearts had
risen to thi throne of God, now were cold
and stern  and resolute.
Again she spoke and her voice was like
her eyes, stern uud cold and terrible.
"■Dome forth all those who caused this
war.''
And/ forth   th.-y   came   ambling  across   the
plain and gathered there in that stern angel's
presence.     Htill   thoy   came  und camo  till  a
huge  crowd   had  gathered  tbere.     I looked
at  th-m   and  saw nut n   buy among them.
They  were  a gray and   wrinkled   crowd—
kings aud  kaisers, princes and peers, popes
and    profiteers,    statesmen    und    soldi-rs,
priests nnd politicians,  financiers   and   tl
faultors; mummers   and   money-makers  ull-
tho  organizers  of  a    thousand    years    <
earth's misrule.
A sorry crowd and silent, they stood in
that Btern angel's prescne.
She spoke again,
"To speak of Jove to you is but to cast
away thn pearls. Vet Love is still the ultl-
male end und tho only menns of man's .-nl-
vut ion. But you have given soul, ny! und
ull that mortal knows nf happiness un
this dull enrth for greed of gold nnd lust of
power which is no power. When you shall
die, yon puss for ever from thu scheme of
things—the glorious revelations—tho immortal Truth—the only earthly glimpse nf
wliich is found in love of God and mnn. Tou
hava missed it nil.
Por gold which porlsheth and power which
is no power you sent thoso tronps to that
foul hell. Those boys—beloved of God, who
in the fresh love of their young hearts,
wero very n?ar to Him—you sent them to
their damnation. It was naught to you that
they hnd not lived thoir livos, that they
hnd not hnd their chnnce of this world's
love and happiness, but forth you sent them
to the slaughter in tho vain attempt to make
secure your wealth and power.
"THERE IS NO WEALTH NOR TOWER
OUTSIDE LOVE'S ETERNAL KINGDOM,
The angel made n pause: then in still
sterner tones continued:
'This is my decrc—yon still mny huve
. r war hut go YOURSELVES into those
vile borrows—breathe those seething gases—
face those bursting shells. Go nnd tear your
own vile bodies. They are old and yon hav?
hnd your day. Only thus can this hideous
crime continue.
The nngel paused nnd waited.
A shudder ran through thnt vast crowd;
they shrunk nwny. They writhed in mortal
fear. With four-frozen fuces, ttoy gazed
into ench others eyes and saw tho terror reflected   from   ench   cringing,   dying  soul.
A great, trfhrmurinjr arose among them
wliich gradually swelled into a shout of
terror.
We will not fight—we will not fight—
wo will obey the law of love."
"Too late." the angel said, "hut go nnd
live unt the littlo time thnt's left to yon ns
best yon cnn." They slunk away and ns T
wntctnd them T beard the voice Bav "Dear
Christ! Cowards and hypocrites, let them
perish."
T turned but the nngel wns not there, only
mist nnd mud nnd acrid stench.
PAGE FIVE
VISIT 10 SEE
Producers' and Consumers'
Co-operative Association
1146 GRANVILLE STREET
The only registered Co-operative association in Vancouver doing business under
the old country system of co-operative societies.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS, SEY. 2219
PROMPT   DELIVERY
NEW-LAID EGGS DAILY; NOW 60t) per dozen
Seymour 2219 Store: 1146 Granville Street
Its
Quality
Is
Unaltered
iWLSlfMtt
Its
Purity
Is
Unimpaired
^
THE SAME SUPERIOR BREAD-MA KING QUALITIES
THE SAME CHARACTERISTIC WHOLESOMENESS
MORE LOAVES TO THE SACK
Royal Standard Flour
STILL goes through the same modern and scientific milling process. Thero are no government restrictions to
interfere with, or that will curb in any way our efficiency
in turning out thc highest possible grade of family flour.
Every sack of "ROYAL STANDARD" FLOUR you buy menns you aro
showing tho real community spirit. You are doing your bit to support a
popular local milling plant that expends in your midst n large nmount of
monoy annually in both wnges and taxes. Ask for "Royal Standard" and
yoi lend your loyal support to our expert workmon.
At Your Favorite
Orocers
Look for tbe Coupons
in Every Sack
"A chiel's amang
ye ta_\iri notes"
[By The Chiel]
"Ono sunk of sugar. No, nothing
else, thnnk yon." In the blandest of
tones you arc informed that unless you
enn see your way to purchase a net
monkey, or a tame canary or somothing
equally unserviceable you will drink
you tea or coffee, sugarless. And that
stato of affairs has been running full
blast fnr many moons in this burg. It
may bc legal and all tlmt sort of thing,
btu it is decidedly unfair to the lunn
or woman who has tho price of til
sugar and nothing moro, to be told that
it is a condition precedent to getting
the sugar that you buy a dozen jam
pots or a can (|f oysters. On the face
of it, it is nbout the most unpopular
move that the grocers of Ihe Terminal
City ever made. A quick lliink on their
part should lead them to the conclusion
that what thoy arc doing is morally
wrong. President Wilson gave it the
onco-ovor and found it was no good,
and so now the United States storekeepers havo to disgorge tho sugar without
insisting on thoir customers investing
in a whito nit or somo other monstros-
Hy*
• *      #
And by the same token, talking of
food reminds one of the price of some
commodities nowadays. Peculiar, isn't
it, to say tho least that right hero in
Vancouver, whoro salmon nnd halibut
should be as common ns ruin, that the
big Annies should be aviated up to a
figure that would require uu aeroplane
to roach? The grocer says he has to
live. But so has the fishorman, nnd if
reports toll thc truth, tho men who
go down to the sea in ships nfter the
denizens of tho ocean, are by no moans
getting a prico thnt is going to land
thom in a limousine. Will some of the
retailors havo tho goodness to explain
why it is thut there is a difference of
from 1(1 to 15 cents per pound between
the price pnid tho flshormeu and tho
figure that tho retailer asks for and
gotsf
* a   «
And once again, tlio humble spud is
a-going a-soaring. Whoever manipulated tho huirkct twelve months ago—rig-
god would be a better word—throw the
scare into old paleifnmiluis, Pro Bono
PdbHeo, Father of a family, of hoc
genus omnc, with a vengeance. But
the backyard turned Ihe trick. For some
reason, out come the potato men with
all their heavy artillery and lay their
plans for landing a wallop on the family
purse this year. Tho chief food controller may bo a fine man personally. Ho
may bo all that is snid of him from a
social point of view, but if ho or his
predecessor has mado it easier for the
mnn with a limited income nnd a family to live in these days of stress and
storm, ploaso keep the collection plate
whero it is.
# •   •
And as if matters wero not bad
enough, tho landlords stop in and tho
rent commences to gyrate in a manner
thnt has tho old man dizzy in tho
twinkling of an eyo. You may bank
your Inst nickol on it thut if you prefer
the request in tho most polito tones to
the landlord for a reduction of your
monthly rent, you will bo met with tho
reply that, on the contrary tlio dent In
your purse will bo larger in futuro thnn
it has boon in thc past. And though
you may expostulate until you nro blnck
in tho fnco, tlio invariable reply is that
you oither pay or got out. So that, as
with the grocer, you aro between Scylla
and Chnrybdis, in other words, between the devil nnd thc deep blue sea.
Thoro's no redress and no alternative.
In many centres what ia known as a
town tenants' league has beon formed,
nnd in mnny ways it has done good
work. Here in Vancouver, whoro the
numbor of owners exceeds tho number
of tonnntft, conditions nre different, but
surely thero aro enough to form an organization thnt will bo nblo to steor nn
oven course between the landlord and
thc tenant.
Sojourn of Premier Causes
Minimum Wage League
to Change Plans
Was Originally Intended to
Send Deputation to Victoria Last of Month
It has now been decided by tho
Women's Minimum Wage League not
to send a deputation to Victoria until
March G. This change in the plans of
tho league was necessitated by Premier
Browster'a trip to Ottawa. In order
thnt ho would be assured nothing untoward would transpire during his absence, the premier obtained consent for
an adjournment of thc legislature to
Feb. 2(S, This wns abo.it thc date tho
leuguo deputation hud selected to visit
Victoria and camp on the steps of tho
capitol till tho premier und others of
thc executivo council granted them a
hearing. However, the postponement
only gives them more time to complete
the details of their offensive, for that
the visit will bo in tho naturo of an
offensive is a foregone conclusion drawn
from tke tono of a letter from the
premier in which ho distinctly snys he
does not desire them to pay him a
visit. His excuse is that tho executive has been very busy getting ready
for the sossion. Ho failed to tell what
had been dono during tho past yenr
which, if what he says is to bo taken
as gospel, a lot of good time has boen
wasted sitting' round doing nothing.
The deputation will nlso take tho opportunity, during its drive against tho
government at Victoria, to take up with
Attorney-general Farris tho non-en-
focemont of tho Factory Act under
his department. Girls in laundries here
are compelled to work long shifts contrary to law. The laandry trust in
Vancouver seems ablo to evade tho Inw
without attracting attention from the
factory inspector or tho attorney-general's department. Prominent shareholders in control of locnl laundries are
S. J. Crowo, M.P. for Burrard, nnd
Alderman Kirk.
PLENTY OF WORK POR
TIMBER  BRIDGE  MEN
During the Past Few Weeks Big Demand for Timber Structure Men
Has Kept Up
Bridgemen, derrickmen and riggers to
tho nuniber of at least twenty a week
have been finding employment during
the past Bovoral weeks on account of
new work that has been opening up.
A lato job to atnrt iB at tho camp of
tho Capilano Timber company above
the intake in the North Shore and by
tho end of this woek Borne 20 men
will be employed thore getting the enmp
built. The new timber structures at
Coughlan's shipyards are giving employment to another 40 men. At tho
Robert Dollnr mill at Roslyn another
small crew is employed on structural
work, and at Stillwater, on Jervis Inlet, Brooks, Scanlon & O'Brien havo a
crew of timber workers employed.
About 275 men specializing in this particular work aro now employed in (his
immediate vicinity.
Girls Work for Small Wagos
A number of light-lunch houses are
working thoir women omployoes long
hours at low wages and seven days a
week. This is a mattor which is being
taken up by the Cooks, Waiters nnd
Waitresses, with a view of getting those
underpaid women into the local for tho
bettermen of their working conditions.
McLeod's cafe is still unfair.
"Tho Woman's Battle" at the Empress
Here urn ton good reasons why you should
boo this jircflt. piny nt tin* Empress theatre
noxt \vosk: <1) It is the mnst powerful
play of tlie your. (U) It answers the greatest
polttlonl quostion Hint faces tli« world today. (.!) Vou will soo Bdytho Elliott in ono
ot the finest parts <>f ths season. (4) It
is greater tlmn "Within the Law." (5) It
is unlike nny other piny, nnil is one hie
climax of sensation from beginning lo ond.
(«) It will make yon think ns you havo
never thought before. (7) It brings out th*1
full acting strength of the Empress Stock
Company, (fi) It will mnke you think more
of   the   woman   thnn   you   evor did   before.
(9) If you miss it you cannot tell your
friends   of   the   greatest   play   of  tbe   yenr.
(10) It will germinate the thought tbnt will
ventually rid Cnnada of every rotten law.
nd substitute good ones. ***
If some of tho cafes In this city aro
not serving margarine to their customers, it is some commodity that is uncommonly liko it. Not by the greatest
stretch of imagination can it lie designated batter, neither can it bo called
good margarine. For tho real margarine is nutritious and wholesome. But
this concoction, this olla puilrida that
is boing laid on the tables for the delectation of certain cafes' patrons, is
soniething that has never beforo been
seen on the earth, or tlio waters under
the earth. The heathen may rage and
imagine a vain thing, but there's no
getting away from it tlmt they are being skinned to boost the profits. Isn't
this a matter with which the food inspector, if thore bo ono in Vancouver,
should concern himself?
«   w. «
Thnt silent point duty instrument is
a failure. There's no use denying whnt
is a palpable fact. It has beon tried
and found wanting, and the sooner it
s removed tlio better. But it raises
this question—whether some other system should not bc adopted. It is true
that in nil the lnrge cities, the points-
mon aro drawn from tlio polico force,
but though it is a precodont that wns
set by London, it does not follow for a,
moment thnt it is tho right thing to do.
Despite tho oft-repented statement that
thero is no unemployment in Vnncouver, there is, and plenty of it as "The
Bounder" used to rornnrk. Thoro nro
mon in this city todny who are trying
to mako both ends meet, nnd who,
seven days of the seven aro pulling the
dovil by the tail. In other words, they
don't know whero their next meal is
oming from. Common charity would
suggest tho trying out of men on this
work, who through force of circumstances and no fault of their own, are
down nnd out, but nro willing nnd cnpnblo of handling this work onco they
nro givon tho requisite training. It is
a matter that tho police commissioners
might profitably expend a littlo timo
ovor.
Mail Order Price List
Scotch Whisky, Rye Whisky, Brandy, Wines, Rum and Gin, Alcohol, Liqueurs,
Beer and Stout, and all kinds of Liquor Delivered to Home or Nearest Station
ALL EXPRESS CHARGES PREPAID
(Prices subject to change without notice)
ORDER AT ONCE
It is now illegal to import liquors into Canada. On April 1, British Columbia will become "Bone-dry." This means a demand for wines and liquors
—especially the popular brands—which will make it difficult to secure supplies at the last moment.
Play Safe—Order Today
SPECIAL DISCOUNTS
On all above prices, following discounts
apply.
Case goods, on three bottles to six bottles,
all 15c per bottle.
No allowance on straight case lots, as
these prices are quoted net.
DIRECTIONS FOR  ORDERING
All orders must be accompanied by Post-
offlce or Express Money Order, Certified
Cheque or Cash in registered letter. C.O.W
ordors cannot be accepted legally.
Attach to the order your name and personal address and name of nearest station
at which Express agent is located.
These prices include all delivery charges prepaid. They cover the full
cost of the goods laid down at your door or nearest station.
The Wines and Liquors we handle are the best on the market. We carry
a large stock, but in view of the demand would advise you to OKDER NOW.
RYE WHISKIES
Per Per
Bottle. Case.
Old Canadian Rye  $1.75 $15.00
7-Year-Old Spec. Rye  1.85 16.00
9-Year-Old Extra Spec 2.00 19.00
Great West Rye   1.75 16.00
Private Stock   2.00 19.00
Gooderham ft Worts' Ord 2.00 17.00
Goodreham A Worts' Spec 2.25 19.00
Walker's Imperial  2.00 19.00
Walker's Canadian Club  2.25 22.00
SCOTCH WHISKIES
D. Murray & Co., Royal Scots $2.75 $25.00
Cameron's Glenlivet   2.75 30.00
Wm. Teacher's Old Glenlivet 2.85 31.00
Alex. MacKay Special  275 22.00
Watkins' Kilmarnock  2.90 31.50
Walker's Red Label  3.75 42.00
Usher's 0. V. G 3.00 33.00
Usher's Green Stripe   3.50 39.00
Usher's G. O. II. (Black Label) 3.75 42.00
Train's Veteran   3.00 33.00
Mountain Oew  2.75 30.00
fiewar's Extra Special  3.50 39.00
White Horse  3.50 39.00
RUM
Robertson's Demerara or .1amalca....$3.00 $33.00
II. B. Demerara or Jamaica 3.00 33.00
London Dock   3,25 36.00
Privateer   3.25 36.00
Old Navy Rum  3.25 36.00
No. 47 Demerara or Jamaica 3.50 39.00
BRANDIES
Luclen Eouculd ***   $2.75 $30.00
Flix   Tilloc   ***     2.75 30.00
Roublllao ft Co 3.00 33 00
Roublliac & Co. **«  3.50 39.00
Louis Repay ***   2.75 30.00
Balzac 41  Co. »•*  3.00 33.00
Magnier's ft Co 2.75 30,00
Mngnier ft. Co. **♦ 3.25 36.00
Magnier ft  Co.,  V. 0 3.50 39.00
Magnier ft Co., V. S. O. p 3.75 42.00
Magnier &  Co., 20-year-old 4.00 45.00
Blackberry Brandy  3.25 36.00
GINS
Kelts' Old Tom  $2.75 $30.00
Hells' London Dry   2.75 30.00
Club Dry Gin  3.00 33.00
Overseas Dry   3.25 36.00
Gordon's  Dry    3.25 36,00
No.  1  Old  Tom  2.75 30.00
H. B. London Dry 2.75 30.00
Coatcs' Plymouth  3.25 36.00
lloord's Old Tom   3.00 33.00
Vickers'  Old  Tom $3.00 $33.00
Sloe Gin   3.25 36.00
Castle Brand  Holland's  2.75 37.50
Gold Cross Holland Gin 2.76 37.50
(Holland Gin cases contain 15
Imperial Qt. Bottles)
U. ft D. Schnapps 3.00 33.00
Wolfe's  Schnapps    3.00 33.00
AMERICAN WHISKIES
Sunny  Brook  $3.00 $33.00
I'ebbleford      3.25 36.00
Old Crow   3.25 36.00
Jesse Moore A. A. Bourbon 2,00 21.00
PORTS AND SHERRY
Special  Vintage  Port $1.50 $15.00
California Vintage Port  1.75 18.00
II. B. Bed Label Fori  1.60 15.00
II. B, Duoro Oporto Port 2.00 20.00
Ecuerheerd's Invalid   2.25 23.00
Pedro Morana— Royal Empiro 2.50 2G.00
Pedro Morano—White  Label  2.75 29.00
Pedro Morano—Green Label 3.00 33.00
Welse ft Krohn Qovemador 3.25 36.00
California Sherry   1.50 15.00
Royal Crest Sherry  1.75 18.00
l-'ouerlieerd's One Diamond   2.00 20.00
Feuerheerd'a White label 2.25 23.00
Williams ft Herberts Dry Sack  2.75 29.00
Feuerheerd'a Imperudor  2.00 29.00
Amontillado   2.00 20.00
.7, de Euentns Parllla  2.25 23.00
,r. de Fuontns Parlllo, While Ubel.... 2.50 26.00
Fernet Ulanca Italian Bitters 3 50
Ferro China Italian Bitters... 37s
John Bull BitterB    2,75      	
Angostura Bitters 175
COCKTAILS
J>a"l!"tan $3.00   $33.00
MnnM 3.00    33:00
RYE   WHISKIES   IN   BULK
Great West 	
7-Year Old	
(I-Year Old, Extra Special..'
Old Canadian Rye	
Private Stock
Per
 $
Gooderham & Worts Ordinary.
Gooderham ft Worts Special
Walker's Imperial  "„"
Walker's Canadian Club  X
SCOTCH WHISKIE8 IN BULK
.Murray ft Co., Fine Old	
Cameron's Glenlivet 	
Toucher's Glenlivet 	
Brown's  XXX  '*,',',
Dlnckay's Special  .'.'	
Usher's O. V. G ........Ill
Usher's Special Reserve .11......
Walker's Kilmarnock 	
 $11.00
  11.50
  12.50
   11.00
  11.50
  12.50
  13.50
  14.50
GINS  IN  BULK
Bctts' Old Tom     $ 800
Bctts   London Dry        ...      g'oo
Gordon's  Dry  "XXXXXXXX '  9.00
De Kuyper's Holland XX...................  10*50
Castle Brand Hollands  " loioo
RUM IN BULK
Robertson's Demerara or Jamaica $13.00
II. B. Demerara or Jamaica  13.00
London Dock     '" 14*00
Privateer
14.50
Old Navy Rum, 35 over proof ............' 15^00
BRANDIES  IN   BULK
Louis  Hcnuy         $11.00
Magnier ft  Co.*  1150
Balzac ft Co. *••    '" 1250
Luclen Foucald •'* „'" "'" 11'nn
Tlllnc •••     12m
Roublliac  ■">•   XXXXXXXX U00
Magnier's ***  ZZZT™ 13i50
Magnier's V. 0  1400
Magnier's V. S. O. P .' ' 15,50
Hennessey's ***   15,50
PORT AND SHERRY IN  BULK
Special  Vintage Port $ 5,00
California Port     5,00
Feuerheerd'a Portugese Port   6.50
Welse ft [Crohn's Old Port    8.50
Taylor's  Vory Old  Port    9.50
Croft's Imperial   10.50
California  Sherry     5,00
Fuerhcerd's Fine Old     6.00
MaoKenzie's Sherry  ,   7.00
Din/. Amontillado   10.50
J. de Fuontas I'nrlllo    8.00
PURE  GRAIN   ALCOHOL
Por (Ini.
 $15.00
Imp. Quart
 $ 4.00
Ord. Qunrt
 $ 3.00
BEER AND STOUT
of 2 doz. pte.     fidoz, qts.
or 10 doz. pis.
REMEMBER—Not Near Beer, Imitation or Temperance Beer, but Real Genuine Beer.
VANCOUVER, WESTMINSTER, NORTH and Special Cases   Speolal Cases   Barrels of
SOUTH VANCOUVER and VICINITY of 1 doz. qls.
Delivered right to your home, all carriage and
delivery expenses paid
Hritish Columbia Export Heor	
Westminster Brewery Famous Premier Brand	
Vanoouver Breweries, Limited, Famous Cream Stout	
Westminster Brewery—Extra Grade Britannia Moor	
Westminster Brewery Export XXX Stout, browed from Dublin Malt
Famous Cascade Boor—Vancouver Breweries' Bost	
$2.90
2.90
3.25
3.15
3.25
3.15
$3.15
3.15
3.25
3.25
3.35
3.25
$13.75
13.75
14.50
14.50
14.50
14.50
CASCADE BEER
Express paid to any express station in British Columbia, or freight paid to any Northern Point.
Barrels or ton dozen pints $15.50        Coses of one dozen quarts    3.50
Barrels of six dozen quarts  15.50 Cases of two dozen pints    3,76
____________ WE SHIP YOUR GOODS THE SAME DAY ORDER IS RECEIVED—
Address orders and make payments to order of
Western Wine &. Liquor Co.
(Sole AgcntB for Andrew Usher ft Co., Edinburgh)
jas, d. witton CALGARY, ALBERTA russei.l whitelaw
Vancouver Office: 562 Beatty Street      -      -       -       Phone Seymour 3810
LIQUEURS AND BITTERS
Per       Per
Creme de Menthe  ffi»    Case
Benedictine     4,50
Gilka Klmmel 1.1 3*25
French Vermouth  11.11. S.25
Italian Vermouth  1.1" 3*25       	
Creme de Cocoa 300       	
Aquavit, Paulson's     275       	
Aquavit, Karisham's        275
Cherry Whiskey        2*50       	
Cherry Brandy   300
Absinthe     4^       	
Anniset  226      	
Creme de Cassis 11111. 3.00       	
Peach Brandy     3*00
Apricot Brandy '"". 3^00
Gal.
6.50
7.00
7.25
6.50
7.26
7.00
8.00
7.76
8.60 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY. February 22, 1918
SPENCER'S for
English Serges
As the next two yoars roll by this store will be recognized more and more as headquarters for English Serges. Today our stock and values in this unexcelled fabric are best in
this vicinity.   Thc following arc a few details:
NAVY SERGE $1.00 YARD—Wo boaght a largo quantity of this cloth
months ago to safeguard our customers against tho unprecedented
riso in the wool market; 40 inches wide; per yard $1.00
NAVY SERGE $1.25 YARD—This number has a medium heavy twill; a
pure wool cloth, dyed with tho old dyes; 40 inches wide; yard ....$1.25
NAVY SERGE $1.60 YARD—A Bradford cloth of a high ordor, puro
wool and wearing qualities guaranteed; 44 inches wide; yard....$1.50
NAVY SERGE $1.60, $1.76 and $8.00 YARD—Suiting serges of exceptional value. It will certainly pay you lo see thom beforo making
a purchaso elsewhere. All 54 inches wido; puro dye. Per
yard   $1.60, $1.76 nnd $2.00
RIPLEY'S SOAP SHRUNK SERGE $3.00 und $3.75 YARD—A fino or
a medium twill, puro wool, indigo dye and soap shrank, A value you
cannot beat.    Ver yard   $3.00 and $3.76
EIPLEY'S SOAP SHRUNK SERGE $2.26 YARD—Ripley's aro one of
the most famous producers of sorgo fabrics in thc Bradford trade and
under present conditions we aro indeed lucky to be ablo to supply
our customers with this famous maker's goods; 54 inches wide.   Per
yard  $2.25 nnd $2.50
'WEST OF ENGLAND SUITING SERGES, $4.60, $4.76, $5.00 YARD—
All of theso numbers arc goods we havo curried for somo time.
We know that it would bc impossible to purchaso such materials loss
than 50 per cent, more monoy, nnd then the dyes would bo questionable. If you are thinking of getting a good suit it would pay you
to get onc of these.   All CO in. wide.   lMce,,yurd, $4.60, $4.75 and $5.00
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Announcement
o
WING to the fact that the dyes, hatters' fur and
all other materials that go into the construction of Men's Hats have tremendously increased in
price, we are compelled to slightly advance the price
of our hats. We could continue to sell our hats at
the old price in spite of the increased cost of materials but it would mean that we would have to
offer an article of inferior quality.
We feel that we would be best serving, and better satisfying, our many customers by keeping up
the well-known Black and White standard of quality. To enable us to do this, we have increased our
price 50c per hat, which will become effective March
1st.
Between now and March 1 we offer you our hats
at our price of $2.50—this is an excellent opportunity
to outfit yourself with headgear for spring and
summer.
The Black and White Hat Store
Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
The New Spring Hats
Now, Gentlemen, what about tlieraf
We haven't overlooked n thing in o\ir
■election of Men's Headwear.
A    style    to    suit    overy    face    and
figure.
Swell eolorfl—Newest   shakos—a   fino
big stock of Union Mado Hats and Caps
waiting for a "try on."
SOFT     FELTS     AND    DERBYS
$3.00 to $7.00
NATTY CAPS $1.00 to $2.60
See   Oar   Windows
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE HEN'S HATTEES    Kear Oor. Hastings   417  ORANVILLE
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Koad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: GreenhouseB nnd Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubs, Pot Planti, Seeds,
Cut Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Office:  VANCOUVER, B. C.
•M Hastings Streot Enst.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granvillo Street.    Phono Seymour 9513
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trainj,
t boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phone ob day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Bar. 404-5*6 Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coaat
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Mr. 1800
1629 Main Straet
THE BES1
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Pine Creamy Lather
and Joes Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
^SSBW
fftOATIONI
[C
Manipulation  of   Promises.
Editor H. U. Fedorntloniat: It Is to bo
hoped thut lahor organizations in nil tho
win-ring riutiiiiiK will suceed in obtaining
tha repudiation of all war's debts. The
peoplo of all the earth suffer Ihe losses and
costs of war from day to day as tbo war proceeds (which fact has been ably set forth
in your instructive editorials), and no
amount of paper war bonds ean remove or
postpon ■  that  condition.
During tho war many millions of workers
who were harmlessly engaged In the production of necessities are now un the battlefield, and many more millions have been re-
luovi-.l from useful occupations in order to
produce valueless guns and sli lis, etc. Tbis
rendition causes a reduction in the production of necessities in approximate proportion to tlie amount of labor power now engaged in the many forms of war activity.
Sow presuming that tho cost of tha reduced
supply of necessities has risen in proportion
to their scarcity, then it follows that during
the war the workers' wages have a reduced
purchasing valuo, whicb, averaged throughout
the world over all coniodllies, would approximate tbe daily cost of tbe war. Thns
the people of tho world pay for the war as
it proceeds, Tho war bonds cannot postpone
th; debt and thoy only servo as a scheme
whereby the producing clnss are compelled
to pay  the  cost of  the Mar twice.
During the war the reduced purchasing
power of tlie worker's wages robs him of
many of tb i necessities of life about equivalent in value to tho cost of war—which condition is so intense In Europe ns to bring
the workers to Ihe verge of starvation. And
after the war then tbe war bonds demnnd
that the workers shall, by deprivation or by
Increased labor effort, make up tbe amount
of wealth lost to tbe world during the war
period.
Tf this view of these matters is approximately correct then 'every form of taxation
to redeem wnr bonds is damnably wrong,
and the working clnss everywhere should emphatically demnnd the repudiation of all
wnr bonds.
As taxation to rede?m tbe wnr bonds is n
form of rnnfiscntion, why not confiscate
the   bonds!
If taxation to redeem bonds is n process of
confiscating so many ten dollar bills and
thereby repudiating tbe "promise to pay"
inscribed on such bills, why not rnther repudiate tho "promise to jiay" inscribed on
tbe bonds? They are both scraps of paper
anyway, and the promise on ono is not more
sacred than the promise on tbe other.
But, dear boys, there is a vast difference
between a war bond and a currency bill.
The bonds are a scheme tn exploit tbe
wealth producers nfter the war and tbat is
why the workers should Insist upon the repudiation of tho bonds nnd not allow tbe repudiation of currency bills by any form of
taxation   intended   to   redeem   the   bonds.
After tbis "wnr of blood nnd tears,
when tbe stricken masses will cry ont for
a repudiation of wnr debts, you Will then
see "honorable" politicians, and successful
business men, going tip and down ench nntion p->dtiling n lot of stuff about "national
honor," etc.; and these "honor" peddlers
will wnnt to redeem ono promise by the repudiation of another promise, nnd the promise th*<v will be sn "honorable" about will
be the'promise thnt fills tbeir own pockets
and fattens their own bellies: Hint "snored"
promise whicli would enrich tbe rich nnd
grind the poor into a deeper poverty—
the promise inscribed on the world's war
bonds.
F. R. W.
Phoenix,  B,  C,  Feb.  15,   1918.
A  Ridloy,   Latimer,  Rehearsal.
Editor B. C. Federationist: If Canada
don't awake early and rub tlie sleep from
its vision, it will soon huvo lost not only
its civil liberties as a wholo, hut in like manner freedom to worship God without -first
consulting tho judiciary und legislators of
this benighted country. It is quito sufficient to suffer the imposing of bans upon our
temporal and civil priviliges without threatening us witb tho faggot or thumscrew becauso wj dare worship God according to
ono's conviction. I am not a member of
Pastor Russell's cause, and in a numbor
of things I disagree wilh their point of
Scripture belief, but I do not seo in what
thoy differ with other devotees of tho Christ
that tbey should have been made tbo butt
of special acts of persecution by the govornment of Canada. Under conscription tho
authorities hav? refused to grant to tins
pooplo equal rights to he iieard with other
sections of religious believers, and lastly
they are now forbidden to possess their own
particular belief as expressed either in
book or pamphlet form, although n sincere
and Intelligent attempt to explain only their
convictions ns to tlieir responsibility to God.
If tho thoughts of one of the prominent
lenders of this people in Vancouver with regard to Christendom, ns expressed in othor
sects of b?lievers, Is correct, thnt thoy approve tho present unholy attack made by the
government upon theso peoplo, lot them bestir themselves hrennso it mny be their turn
next. It is self evident that this fifteenth
century move against religion in nny sect
of believers does not augur well for tb?
rest of tb' true Christian disciples. It is
time that nil who believo in the Christ should
stand up straight upon their feet ond protest ngainst persecuting peoplo for thoir
religions convictions. Every sano person
whether a devotee of the Christ or not will
nnd must ngree that surely tho government
in snch an enactment hns lost its head, and
needs to reconsider Its decision, unless it is
seeking to maku possible tho lighting of tho
Smilhfield fires again.
This decision so fnr to tho roar of
anything tbnt might bo termed wise government will cause a chilling ripple of influence to be felt by nil wbo truly love
Ond or worship tho Christ. Tt Is the duty
ef nil neighboring sects to rally to the standard of protecting the individual in Mb personal religious convictions, no mntter whether
nil mny hnrmoniKO in the lett?r alone, so
long ns ench Is supporting consistently his
nnvietinns by  his life.
Appnrently some fn authority nro about
to attempt to suppress religious convictions
because, they conflict with the net of killing
mon in nntionnl wnr. This wns tried by
Nero during the Roman empire, nlso in turn.
It hns bcren triod in nlmost nil nations of
tho earth, thousands of people devoted to
the Christ hnve willingly surrendered their
lives to mnintnln these principles in tho
world and tlwo Is no doubt that thousand*
moro will fnco tho snme ordeal If imposed
nirnin wilh the snme consistent devotion. Tf
the people of this country slnnd quietly by
and permit these things to go on without
protest, thin all nllko will stand condemned
in the presence of God. Surely such a procedure upon the pnrt of nny government at
tills time of enlightenment would be little
less thnn mndn-ss, becnuse It portends to
crente only strife and unending evil. Yours
for  freedom,  of  religious  liberty,       T..1.R.
Vancouvor, Feb. tr., 1018.
♦the hundreds of thousands of whnt you call
small contributors, a great many aro paying
one dny's pay per month or throe per cent,
of their eurnings. In cases where tbey work
only six days u week, thi percentage comes
higher. There h not a working man in this
town who is not putting up at least $4 a
month or fifty a year. If you count tbe
uuiount your hundreds of thousands of small
contributors put up, nnd deduct it from tho
total estimate of tbe yenr, I hardly think
your balance will bo on the bulky side. Evon
if the bulk wns supplied by those of means,
should it not be tltat way i Suppose you
and I have a family of six I* support, we
both givo tlu-'c per cent, of our earnings;
you enrn $100 n month and I earn $1,000;
you givo $:i a month, I give $30; you have
$97 left for your family's needs, while I
hnve $070 for mine. How does it look to
you In that light in these days of self-sacrifice 1 I notice it is always the sumo class
of people who are expected lo do tho sacrificing. I don't consider the $1000 man is
working much of a hardship upon himself.
As to the question of it being a charity or
a right to the recipient, it c-rtainly looks
to me like n charity,    If It is a right, I fnll
to  see  whut  good  It Is  to  (hi   if all  lho
volunteers lake au immediate notion to cense
Contributing. Thay would hnve the right tn
collect, but nothing to collect. Instend of
thom being in u position to insist upon their
claim, it should be the duty oi our governing body to seo that tbere is nil assured
something for thom to., claim, You sny th?
donors in some cases believe themselves
under obligation, and there is another instance whor; ho is laboring under an injustice. If those not now pnying woro compelled lo do so, there would not be such
a large obligation for any of ns to worry
about. In this world, you say, wo are all
dependent upon each other. Tlmt may be so,
but when you look at the profits tbnt the
C. P, R. made for 1017. ami then lind they
arc increasing freight rates IE |tor cent., It
npepnrs to my uncultured mind thnt th:y
don't care n whoop who is dependent on
tbem. When you spenk of some recipients
being more in need than olh ts, and if the
fund was administered equally to rich and
poor, the miIllonairo'fi"wife would get lis
much ns the poor man's wife; 1 would imng-
ino her husband or son is just as much to
her as I am to my wife, but, Hint would
be the time lo show n spirit of true patriotism, by adding to the fund int*lead of
Inking from it. But let us be sure of enough
for nil if we hnvo to be tnxed twice tin
amount we are now pnying. The people of
the Dominion hnve lately decided thnt they
nr*' in this wnr to stay. If tbey are sincere
ns their voices proclaim tbem to' be let them
prove it by deeds and not by empty words.
and submit to u bnsis of tnxntion that will
be adequate, Ninety per cent, of th? people
who are kicking, nro not doing so ovor the
amount, but they consider the dependents
should be assured of an incomo. Put tho
fund in tho budget nnd tax the country for
thi- amount or borrow it like tbe rest. We
nre in tbe gnme nt onr own Instigation, nnd
should not expect the mnn who cnn ill
afford il, to support the dependents becnuse
ho Is soft-hearted nnd generous. Mr. Editor, it is only n question of tinie wben this
mutter will be forced to nn issue; I am in
touch with n lot of the common people and
I nolle? tlio fund growing into continual
disrepute, as witness the mines iu the Slocan, Vnncouver Islnnd and, lately, Victoria
Trades and Labor Council nnd others. Why
should wo not bo prepuring right now. Look
at the profits of the Bank of Mnntivnl nnd
compnre it with their donations and seo
what percentage it comos lo. Then tako
rnmps like Hedley, Phoenix, Greenwood nnd
others where men nre pnyinu one day's pay
out of 24 to ;t0 or less, then you will not
be surprised at men kicking. If all large
concerns would contribute ono day's earnings, nnd those with n large unearned Increment, would come through a little stronger,
wit should hnve ample funds nnd no kickers.
Then again, Mr. Nation says we need $12.-
000,000 this yenr in B. 0„ nnd we hnve n
populntion of nbout l-IO.OOO. We will consider two-thirds of those nre women nnd
children, wliich will mean lhat the remain-
dor should be linble to n per capita tnx of
seven dollars for tho yonr. Then why should
the muckers and miners be nskod to continue pnying from $50 to $70 a yenrl Human nature may be n strange nrtiele, Mr»
Editor, but men are coming to thnt stage
whore thoy expect the other fellow to help
push tbe wngon n Utile instend of riding
all the time while he himself does (lie poshing. Tn conclusion, I notice that the industrinl provinces mnke the largest subscription nnd the agricultural ones tbo smallest.
It Is apt to mnke the workingman say thore
are bettor methods of collection in nn industry thnn in n funning secllon; or thnt the
industrinl men ennnot afford to show a true
spirit of independence. T nm respectfully
yours. WM.  LAKELAND.
Favors Broad Weight System
Editor B. C. Federatlonist; Will you permit me, through the columns of yonr paper,
to explain tho unfairness to the small baker
nnd indirectly to the public nt larg> of tlie
bread regulations just promulgated by the
food controller, und nlso to correct tbe general impression tbnt the delegation recently
sent to Ottnwa by the Master Bakers' association of Vancouver wns representative of
tho bakers of Greater Vancouver ns n whole.
To begin with, lho bread regulations above
referred to, stnte that the weight of the
standard loaf is not to exceed nineteen
ounces. That looks fair to everyone, does
it not! On tbo surface, yes. But getting
to tbo ment of the matter, it menns simply
thnt tho food controller lias placed nt the
disposal of the Master Bakers' nssoclntion
a wedge by whicli thoy may fro^a nut tbo
small man wbo is not in tho ring and in
the end make you, Mr. Consumer, pny
through tho nose. In tho first place, when
on? knows thnt tho stnndord set Is a loaf
not to exceed nineteen ounces, ho is nol
going to walk to n bakery for thnt loaf
when the delivery nuto of the big Interests
will bring It to his door gratis (!). Does
tlie public, of this city know thnt the smnll
baker who hns no nuto delivery is In a position to givo n loaf larger by from two to
throe ounces than thnt delivered to yonr
door gratis fl) Being a baker, in business
In Grenter Vancouver nnd one who does
not belong to the "association," permit me
to say that such is the ens?. It does not take
a grent amount of rensoning to arrive nt
tho conclusion, thnt In this ense with regnrd to tho bread regulation, it is fish for
ono and fowl for tho other, nnd crow for
tho public, unless the public of this eity
mnkes a protest to the food conl roller to
hnve the regulation rescinded in fnvor of
tho system of weights in use nt present in
Greater Vancouvor.
d. Mcdonald.
4201 Main street. South Vancouver,  Fob.
10.   1018.
That Pntriotic Fund Again I
Edilor B, 0, I'ViIeratlonUt: Oil Jnnuary 2
last, nn article appeared lu the Vaneonver
Province, bonsllng of the just and ndei[iinte
System tinder which the Patriotic Fund was
bandied. 1 wrole the editor u letter, asking
him to publish IL Of course, I received no
acknowledgement. Expecting this, I kept II
ropy. If vou cnn find space in The Fed.
I would like you to Insert il. My principal
object is to once more prove to lho worker
that he will never rend un nrtiele outside
the Lnbor press, whieh will help his own
opinions on subjects of vital Imporlunco to
his own  interests.
WM.   LAKELAND.
Greenwood, B. C, -Inn. 8, 1018.
Editor Daily Province: I see in your columns of Jun. 2, that you nre lotting your
readers see jnsl how you stand on the Patriotic Fund question, I trust you will give
mo sufficient space to lot them seo how a
good many of the working people, as well
us myself, fool about It, nnd which differs
somewhat from the stand you take. Vou say
thnt no extent of taxation possible, would
be adequate for carrying on this fund, I
certainly fail to ngree with you, for if the
finances nre found voluntarily, why cnn'I
they be found by compulsion to nt least the
same extent! You would not only got sufficient, but yn» would get some thnt you
never will get under lho present system.
1 heard It snid that it would cost the government $10,000,(1110 to handle the fund, but
oven so. which I do not believe, more thnn
Hint difference would be collected from those
who nre not now paying nnd ther' nre thou-
Minds of them. YOU sny il is thought best
I to maintain the fund on tho present system
of free-Will offerings, but I inninlnln Hint It
is a false patriotism and un injustice to tho
would-be patriot, Suppose you were earning $100 a month and hud a family to support, your patriotic spirit would mnke you
deny yourself nnd yours somo liille luxury
in order to contribute your bit, while I nm
earning $500 With no one to support, and
nm not Inclined lo give! there is no power
to comp'l mo, Ts Hint Justice to you! I
any, emphatically, no, Then you sny thnt
the bulk of lho fund Is furnished by tni^n
nnil corporations with large means, but that
hundreds of Ihousnnth nre pnying in n smnll
wny. Aro you quite certain of this, Mr.
Editor, or did you just writo it without stopping to figure! I might point out tbnt out of
The Day Dawns
Editor B. 0. Fedorationist: It is n llo to
sny lhat the struggle In Europe Is a fight
between demoerucv anil autocracy. Had it
been fieh, (hen th? two greatest nutocrals
in Ihe world, the c/ur of Ilussia nnd the
kaiser, would hnve been on Ihe sume side.
nnd  not  lending opposing enmps.
There are no democrnoios. Government
nre either autocracies or hypocrisies. Most
governments un* hypocrisies. IV Israeli, one
of England's greatest Torl-s. snid on one
occasion, "A Conservative governent Is nn
organised hypocrisy." A Liberal government
Is also an organizod hypocrisy, hut tho Liberals bave not yot produced u mnn big
-nough to admit It, All capitalist governments  are  hypocrisies whether they be plu-
tooruiic of aristocratic,
Any govornment Which pretends to believe
lu the sixth eiimuinuilment, "Thou slialt not
kill," and thin jails, disfranchises or otherwise persecutes thopo who refuse to kill, is
nn organized hypocrisy.
Any government wliich pretends to be
democratic whilst its lending men are kneel-
inir nt the feel of royalty to be decornted
with tbo gewgaws of feudalism, is nn organised hypocrisy.
Nero fiddled while Rome burned, and
there is some fiddling going on in Europe
nnd America these days. Tho devil called
the tune but the people nre getting ready
to pny tho piper. Credit monoy will not be
used, either. He will be pnid cusb: hnrd
ensh 1
The red glow In Europe to th? eyes of
our innstorH, Is nothing but the flaming torch
of revolution. To ns it is the dawn of n
better dny.    Cournge, Comradosl
The "people" do not begin wnrs. The
"people" did not begin this wnr. The
"peoplo" do not williiiL-lv fight It. How-
boil, the "people" will finish it. Ono sows
and nnother roans,
Other wnrs hnvo resulted in rorlnin indl-
vldiinls being drenrut id with medals, gold
braid, gnrtors, titles, and the homes of tlio
workers deoornled with "In inomnrlnm"
enrds In plnin b!nek frames, clieup nt 2.r>
cents apiece. But w must flght on, to tho
Inst mnn nnd Ihe Inst dollar, for we nre
fighting for n noble cause.
What a blessing ll will bo to ns Cnna-
dinns when Roumnnia gets Trnnsylvnnia,
Serbia gets Herzegovina nnd Bosnia, Italy
gets tho Trentino, Frnnco gets Alsnco and
Lorrnlne, and thc greedy, grnRping Hun is
bent?n to his knees. This Is undoubtedly a
wnr nf aggression—on lho part of Germany.
World-power I    Imperialism I
Prosperity will follow for ub. Wages will
rise 10 per cent. In time wo shall be able
to buy a talking machine or at worst, an
accordion, when "Imperialism is crushed."
The safety of humanity demnnds that Imperialism bi crushed. Imperialism, without
any qualifying adjective.    All of it.
Even sinco tho dawn of history, some
Caesar hns been spreading himself und bis
empire has mad? tho nations of the earth
tremble. Assyria, Babylon, Greece, Rome,
Spain, Holla ml, France, Britain, and now
Germany, and tho doomed and damned slaves
pay th'e price of all tho glory.
Tho world is witnessing the fight between
autocracy and democracy. It is not an international struggle, but nn internecine struggle. It is not between one set of nations
and another set, it Is between one sot of
citizens in each country and another sot in
each  country.
Russia lends the wny. She refuses to
any longer kill the citizens of Germany.
She refuses to sign pence hvaties with autocrats.    She is cleaning her own house.
If the "people" do not finish tho wnr.
tho wur will finish the "people." The rod
glow   in   Europe   gives  us   cournge   lo   hope.
There is no statesman in the world who
can suggest a wny to end tho war in n man-
near satisfactory to tho governments of the
belligerent powers, but the most disinterested bystander can suggest a way which would
bo sotisfactory to the people of all the warring nations. But perhaps the time Is uot
ripe, Tim gaunt spectre of hunger must
become more vivid nnd the r?d glow in the
eustern   sky   become   moro   pronounced,
"Tim world will never find the wny to
p^nce through n mornss of equivocations nnd
ambiguities,'' says Sir. Asiiullh. Correct I
Diplomacy is n morass of equivocations nnd
ambiguities, Therefor?, the professional diplomat is debarred. Elected representatives
of the peoplo could settle tho war now. They
must settle tho wur If wnr iK  to  1)3 settled.
Most peoplo think through their stomachs.
Hunger will stimulate their thoughts. Then
thoy will settle the war. Mennwhile the red
glow in tbe custom sky announces the dawn.
Courage, comradosl Nemesis Is just I The
day duwnsl
GEORGE F. STIRLING,
Feb.  16.   1018.
Why a Lord's Day Act?
Edilor B. C. Federationist:   1 notice reconl
press notices in regard to the Lord's Duy
Act, It is not tho intention of the writer
to sny nnything ngninst th? enforcement of
law, but why it should be noeesynry to have
the net in u civilized country is pnst one's
understanding. From the viewpoint of common sense, is it a thinkable proposition thai
anything one could do on Saturday or Monday would be wrong if done on Sundny)
Could u mere physicnl duy ()f tlie week determine if this or that net is right or wrong?
Tho bible h u spiritunl book, somewhat
mutilated in its present form, but nevertheless a very valuable book if rightly understood. But for us to take th- Sabbath of
the Lord or law and materialize or debase
it into n day of onr present week Is, to sny
the 'enst, preposterous, and at tbe sume time
very indecorous. It nlso shows u woeful ignorance ns regards all things spiritunl. The
Sunday law is on a par with the teaching
thnt the soul can bo lost or snved. These,
nnd n fow other teachings, brand the church
us being un-Cliristinn. Wo onlv have today
churcbanity; Christianity only ?xlsts In individuals. There is no orgnhlzntTOii rightly
entitled to tho nnme Chrislian. Individual
church members are honestly and conscientiously working for whnt thev consider and
believe lo be right and nr?. in tbnt sense,
fnr better thim the church, But they all
cling to those old dogmas in regard to Sunday observances nnd tbe loss of tbe soul
Those dogmas paralyze th' htghpr nature of
mnnkind and mnke of them mere nutomalous.
Tho real nature, the spiritunl nature of mnn,
cannot be aroused us long us be is taught
the soul can be lost. Tive line pnrt of (lie
bible teaches that mnn is a soul and Hint hr
hns n divine nature nnd Hint eternul life ••
his portion. It nlso says, "that whon mnn
dies the body goes to dust, from whence it
cniii', nnd Ihe spirit to Ood, who gave it."
It is underslood by all that when «no Is
with God they nre not lost. The real cause
of the unrest in the world today is bemuse
the church is not Christinn. All thinking
people nre tired of the dogmatic autocracy
of the church nnd nre over on the wuieh for
liL-ht. The people nre so blinded with the
false tenohings of the dny Hint u true teaching ns a teacher of the truth would receive
but a poor henring nt this time. The wnr
Hint is now upon us is caused by the selfishness of us nil nnd many are too selfish
to go nnd do their part in tho grent conflict they have helped to bring upon ns.
The church, in its supreme ignorance, thinks.
in order to holp, it must bug all of its dogmatic superstitions closer, und try to fore1
them upon us more rigidly than evor, In the
opinion of tin- writer, this only makes mat-
tors worse. What wo want is the true brotherhood teachings of .1 -stis. Then we will
not enre if some one is working in n fne-
tory on Sunday or if some one, is buying n
paper un Hint dny.
B.   A.   WEI-BON.
Corner Lome nnd Main streets, Feb. 10.
The Morals of the Master Olass.
Editor B. 0, Federationist: It is evident
that after all our moral concepts are not
based on "eternal truths" or divinities, but
must rather be relative in naturo, seeing
Hint according to ilie.dnily press und in lho
opinion of our putrints und statesmen, the
Bolsheviki of Russia aro embodiment of ignorance, robbery und chaos und crime and
tha foe of ull thut stands for truo progress
nnd  prosperity,
On tlio other hnnd, we find that to millions in ull lands, the Socialists nnd workors, the same Bolsheviki is thu "Star In
the East" whicli lolls only of "peace un
earth and goodwill towards men."
I frankly admit lhat I, after thoughtful
deliberation, nm of tho littler class. In
spite of the curses und sneers of the editorial r.-presentnlives of "luw and order"
daily published in Vnncouver ns well us in
Germany, regarding the workers of Russia,
.1 must ronfess thnt my admiration for Trotsky, Lenine nnd thoir followers Is increasing daily, nnd nt the sumo time my contempt for the defamers nnd enemies of the
Russian revolutionists, here nnd elsewhere,
daily grows grenter.
This is so truo that I would like to see
a provincinl branch of tho sumo thing
here, providing our federated labor party
does not develop along  those, lines.
Now to many of my old acquaintances
my admiration for Hie "rod gunrd" nnd
whnt it stands for and my corresponding
dislike of these who pose us onr intellectual
nnd moral guides and those who are in
roalil" our politicul nnd economic musters.
is nothing loss than "treason to king and
eountry."
Why do thousands iu this province and
tens of millions through out tho world rend
with intense gratification news of the successes nnd the spread of tlio Bolsheviki revolt, and on the olher hnnd hoar with sorrow und concern uny authentic news of
its  reverses!
II in because Trotsky und Lenine slnnd
fur the international working clnss movement and nre ngainst the International exploiters. To Trotsky und to us the workers of the world uniting today under the red
banner which is the emblem of the common
biood of Immunity, Is tlie most inspiring
movemont of all lho ngos und a vastly grenter concept than any imperialism from lhal
of nnclenl Ronio to thui of modern Germany
or Groat   Britain.
The Bolsheviki of Kunsln and their comrades of nil lauds, including those of B. 0„
stand for human life and human happiness—
first, Inst anil all the time. As private property iu bind, banks, mills nod mines, etc.,
stand in the wuy of llltttlftn life nnd human
happiness, then private property must go
anil become Hie common properly of the
oommon  people.
Some of ns have been fnlsely licensed of
being "pacifists," but there nre wnrs nnd
wars. Wo are nguinsl wnrs whieh menu
sltttlght tr and misery for plunder: Such is the
wnr of today and such were the wnrs
through wliich empires were builded. They
ever rested on the blood nnd ngony of Ihe
workers.
But there is tho grenl class wnr, Ihe exploited  ngainst  the exploiters,  nnd  this wur.
whother fought  with  ballot or bullet, will
ho foUght ere long nnd will be fought lo u
finish. We nre for this wnr. That is why
we believe in the red guard of Rusisu. und
why we approve of Trotsky's programme of
arming aad drilling every man represented
by the workers, soldiers ami pousnntK1
council to defend the socinl revolution from
the government of the Centrnl powers, as
well as from Ihe armies of the Allies, whose
h&trod of one another Is overwhelming love
compared with their hatred of the Bolsheviki of Hiissiii nnd especially of tin- revolting  workers  of tlieir own   country.
Wo thus see that, the fundamental difference between master clnss morality nnd true
working clnss morality Is based on properly relationship.
To the capitalist and our noble relies
of feudalism, morality and religion, law nnd
order, progress und prosperity, in fnct nil
thnt makes life worth living, is bnsed on
privato proporty,  the means  by which  the
modern   slave   is  exploited.
The principle of robbing the workers produces n bond of sympathy between the musters, "n follow feeling" and "honor nmong
thin-en," nnd that Is why tbo kaiser In lflWi
offered to send troops over to Russia to
help bis beloved nephew Nicholas to quell
lho rising of his slaves. The existence of
this class-consciousness is why th? bonr-
eonise of Britain and America bolt on with
111 concealed npprobnlion when In Mnrch.
1871, the bourgeoise of Frnnco, backed by
'heir Prussian conquerors, slaughtered over
thirty thousand tn^n, women nnd children
in the  streets  of Paris—and  becnuso  of n
world-wide working class consciousness the
internationalists ot this city and of other
funds will soon celebrate tbe anniversary
uf this niussncro of tho Paris Commune.
Thoso communists were the Bolsheviki of
France. They, too, stood for human life and
humnn happiness. Their destroyers represented private proporty, just us their successors    do today.
To the captains who control the govornment, to their press uud pulpit and schools,
tne greatest treason—thu crime of crimen—
in for tin working cluss, the exploited, to
ULioiupt lu throw off their yoke. Compared
wilh tills crime, war and pestilence, hunger
uud rugs, und nil the combined curses of
today,  uro Us  virtues.
The idea of tho workers seizing and operating tho machinery of production fur human
noeus instead uf ior profits, for un owning class und enjoying the fruits of their
lubor, without human vampires sucking tbeir
blood, is a hideous nightmare and yet tu
us it is the climax of all worthy efforts,
uf all virtue und morality. It is the aim
of tho workors of Russia, nny, it is an
increasing renlinution, and there will be no
jnu&sucro of Hie Russian commune, ns the
musters of Oermany aud the imperialists of
the Allies will soon bo too busy suppressing
the Bolsheviki of their own lands,
Tito murals of the muster-class uro such
that to them u million lives, even of Iheir
own subjects, counts as nothing compared
with tlie "winning of tho war," ur gaining
territory or trade. Ruling cluss morality is,
in the words uf Robert LeMunt:
"To serve thy inaBtor that is  virtu?,  slave;
To  tlu  thy  will,   enjoy  sweet  life,   Ib   vice;
I'oor duty-ridden serf, rebel I
forgot thy master-taught morality,
He  bravo onough  to     muko  this  wurld  a
paradise
In   which the sun of joy will  never act."
W. J. CU11KY.
Vnncouver,  Fob.  'JO,   1018.
ity in anything we visualize, the Britannic
psychological fiold for this case we have been
ruminating amongst navnl and military ethics
of somo time ago. Noblesse obliga, ladies
and children first. Do not suppose the figure
of Britannia, riding on tho waven, symbolizes nothing. And who cnn dispute the
Stntuo of Liberty! From stun; to light,
from light to reality. A Lady with a Light
shnll stand in tho Grent HJsUry of the
Lnnd.
PREFERABLY OF THE DAM FAMILY.
Vancouver,   Feb.   15,   1018.
Memento Mori
Editor B. C. Foderntionist: 1 soe, by tho
letter from Dr. \V. J. Curry, which appeared
In your last issue, thut Ihe S. 1'. uf C. is
already following the advice given by thai
fount of wisdom, Solomon, to the parents of
his huppy dny. This is sad and unscientific,
ulthougu in accord with th? ideas (pardon
tho word) of liiut prince of loud-mumhed
humbugs upon whom the present S. 1*. lenders have carefully patterned tliomsolvss—
Moses Bnrita,
Has the world nut evolved since the time
of Israel's splendor, or can it be thai »
Herbert Spencer lived io vnlnl Mothought
Hie lambasting of children died with the
many oilier animalistic glories of past ages.
The piuture of u lH-year-old boy spanking
.strenuously an Infant uf two weeks, harrows
my soul nnd fills mo with a desiro to chastise tho Irownrd youth, oven though he be
stunted iu growth.
Whnt is ull this talk of fnkirst Even my
tlogmntlc spirit revolts ngninst tho application of such un epithet to those who presume to differ from me uud enst u doubt
upon my long-ohorished infuNihility? Tlie
S. P, hns been given a clear roud for the
past thirteen yours by the very men it now |
abuses, and its progress consists in a return '
to  its point of departure.
In 10d8 it was n powor, nnd hud a paper
with n circulation which kept il from the
necessity of currying such ads, us, "When
you drink, go with the bunch to tho Main
street hotel." lis propaganda was clean
and widespread, nnd lb? articles in tho
OlnHon wore so clear that the present In-
fnlliblos, master Marxians,—buhl—seif-de-
clared scientists nnd lainbasters of tho newly-born Federated Labor Party, have used
them lime mid ngnin and then ngnin us
1 ■ndei's und have not been ablo to equal
Hi. in.
The paper is now n monthly; nnd tb"
parly hus dwindled to n few dogmatists who
inive become static and most worshipful of
their own, vry own, greatness. I do not
(buy Hint the S. P. bus a right to dogma-
Hiii nnd self-worship, but 1 wns nlwnys
tUU] bt by thai party Hint wage slaves hnve
no rights ut ull, though it issued n manifesto, when Uorden proposed conscription,
whicli contained a protest against any In-
I rferonco with the right of slaves to stay
at homo in timo of war.
Tbis seems irrelevant, but Is not so, for
if the 8. P. wage slnves hnvo rights then
the wage slnves who nr? not In the pnrty
hnvo rights nlso; and one of those mny bo
Ihe right to form n new politicnl organisation  without nsklng permission of anyone.
It should be remembered lhal parties nre
never born except to tnke Hie plnces of those
wliich hnvo become useless through nge or decay, All things must hnve nn end. Denth
operates in tho politicnl as in other worlds;
parties spring Into being, grow, die, nnd
are burled; and some die without having
grown, This Is sad, vory, but it ennnot bo
helped; no, not even In thn ense nf those
who nspire to immortality. Doubtless, the
S. P. of C. would live forever if it eould;
so should T. Tho laws of social progress
take ns little notice of me. however, ns tiny
do of the S. I\ uf 0., nnd grunts only one
privilege tn both: to die ns though we wnnt-
ed  to, or try to mnke n  noise ubout  it.
No one should be averse to progress becnuso he cannot move, nnd nn Invalid can
rejoice In iho Irulth and strength of others.
Why then, is the S. P. so virulent toward
the new body, nnd so apposed to its development) Tt surelv is not inspired by j?nl-
onsvl Thnt would be unscientific, especially 'if, ns It clnims. It Is interested In the
advance of the working clnss; for It ennnot lie asserted that the new body will or
will not prove effeellvo; tbo only thing for
fuir-inlnded people to do Is to give it a
chnnce. This entails no danger of loss, for
the Lnbor Pnrty ennnot possibly do l-?ss thnn
hns been done by the S. P. of C, nnd It
should Im> given nB full opportunity for development ns wns given to the older body.
Tf, nt the ?nd of thirteen years, it hns
beaten the record of tbe M. P. for useless-
ness, its leaders will have earned lh* title
of fnkirs, truly and well.
So. ont of the way. you thnt hnve failed
and ennnot learn the lesson of tho age, and
cease your feeble al tempt to perform n function fnr which your weakness unfits you.
The working clnss ennnot stand still ba-
cinise of your inability to move. Theories
no longer avail; nnd action is not for you:
it might demnnd mnrtyrdom. nnd to Hint
you nro opposed. It hurts; nnd you bate
pain.
All thai remains for yon is to make ns
graceful an oxit ns you mny. Bow, therefore, and smile oven though it hurts you.
nnd retire qntotly.« Thus you may disarm
criticism nnd leave ns with nothing worse
to sny "f you than that! "Yon fulled, not
because you did iml try, but becnuso you
wero not filled fnr the task von essnved."
HF-NRY M, FmnijJRALD.
Trnnquille Sanitarium, Kniulnnps, B. C,
Feb.   16,   1018.
The Capitalists' Caso nt the Forum
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Thai most
noteworthy renturo of the capitalists' ense
was acknowledged of something boing wrong
somewhere. Now, if cnpltnllsts emissaries,
the people with maximum of brain and minimum of Intelligence, were to patronlfca The
Federalloiilsl und follow the Federated  I.nbor
Pttrtv's politicul programme, ihey would then
In sure to find u cure for whatever uialudy
mav  affect  Iheir  In loved  system.
The capitalist syBlein, in mlnatu.ro, suggests itself lii  iho routine attendant to a
poid-lnMo,   a   game   wherein   n   tiumb*r  mny
participate, As each gnme terminates an
overborn! rake-off passes to lho owner, bnt
ihe remainder, Instead nf giving It to ihe
winner In this InHlunce- distributes amongst
tbo players, who for the occasion mny bo
the average inorohonl or manufacturer. If
the players keep on playing long enough the
whole of their woalth  will pass  into  ihe
coffers of the owner, the tublo or privilege
huving been a prosontatlon io tha first place
of the patronage.    The playors  now  turn
round nnd the something about "little fleiu
that bite 'em" and nil infinitum concludes
our  knowledge  nf   th-   capitalist   gnme.
The bigger tho game the bigger tbe rake-
off; tho Faster the play the faster the money
rolls In, und the mere prolonged the hours
the quicker the earth and nil therein will
become iibsolntolv a properly of lho privileged, which, legitimately, under our constitution, ought to be Democracy, seeing we nre
at wnr to tho death with privileged autocracy.
But, seemingly, officials whom we send up to
represent us, when In socurlly of ofllce, confine themselves to maltreatment of democratic ethics, and that mny bo presumed
why the Federated Labor Party is preparing
to carry everything before it.
Wj do not follow any one or nnything
In particular, nol so ns to hold nny special
brief, nnd our hardest task is lu avoiding
being the sucker too often,
Oocaktonnlly we find expostulations from
one cult or nnother declaring whnt tbo people
must be ruled by or whnt they must not
be ruled by.
On this omisinn 1 linvo no "hunch" olher
thnn thnt It is about timo the people wore
deIng n little ruling for UiemsolVOB. All
they wnnt Is n llttl" cohesive plaster to
cement the various chunks together, We
Can not get over It without hero und there
a little piffle; hore nnd th?re n little sent!-
ttiontallsm, even if It does befog Hi- Issue,
everyone not being acclimatized to fuels nnd
flgnr'B covering the welfare of Fnnnn.
On the advent of malo and female emancipation In nntionnl frnnchiso wo cense to
be Inspired by ethics of nny pro-era state,
material of divine claimant to entity bere
or In tho hereafter, which dnon not Include
equal co-partnership of the womnn.
Insofar ns wo aro concerned, subject to
democrncy, tht crown becomes our central
institution In nntionnl aesthetics- from which
we may pluma ourselves with conventional
modes and depnrttnonts in determining a
woll-orderod nntionnl discipline   For author-
To Federationist
Subscribers:
,Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals ire made,
The address labt. on your
paper carries the date to which
your subscription is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monies to this
office, the correct change ln
your labal date is not made,
notify ub at onea. When yoa
hnve a kick tu make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It to this office—not to
tha other fellow. Thus yoa
will got matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
B. PARM.  PETTIPIECE.
Manager,
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
NEWS STANDS
Tho Federationist ln on Bale in
Vancouver at tho following news
standsi
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND.
134 Hasting* Street  Enst
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Corner Hastings nnd Columbia
McFADDKN NKWSTAND,
422   Richards   Street
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Cor. Richards nnd Hastings
JOHN GREEN NEWS STAND,
205 Carrall Streot
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Port Coijultlam,   B.  C,
To members of nny union in Canada a
special rale for The Foderntionist of $1
por yenr—if a club of 10 or more is  neat In.
immn
Cfelta freonBoDacco.
J. Parliament O. T-.ir.coU
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Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE MEW TABLES—
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—Headquartera for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,    Clgara   and
Cigarettes
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
palp ■
Htwatffl
The
Saving
of a
le
Tin
Can
—muy not bc much, but ia the
uggrogato it menus enormous tav-
ing ol' motal fnr thc AJlios.
It meanB saving metal supplies
—ns important for war purposes
ns saving food.
Empress Coffee
40c per lb.
instead of 60c as formerly
It Is now put up In id ui hi -lined
paper Backs, thus saving you l()c a Ib.
—and saving Hie tnelal  used  iu cans.
You now got BmprosB lu tho whole
berry—thus retaining Its fnll
Btrengtli and  flavor.
• Your grocer will grind it If yuu
haven't u coffee mill.
At your favorite doahrs.
Empress Mfg. Co.
Limited
COMFORT
is a word that
is written largo
in overy pair of
LECKIE
*
High-grade Shoes
for Men
Scores of men about town today
who aro particular about their
Footwear nsk for no othor Shoo
than'"THB LECKIE,"   .
In this popular STREET SHOE
for Men you havo a clioieo of lti
different sizes, styles anil all
sizes and widths, either in black
or tan, and with or vithoat
"Neolin" solos.
Thcy'ro a happy combination of
smartness and comfort. Ask your
denier to show you a pair today.
(Look for tho namo "LECKIfl"
stamped on ovory pair,)
km
Mb FBIDAT .'....February 22, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
Announcement
We Wish to Announce to the Citizens of Vancouver and Surrounding
Districts, tbat
WE HAVE PURCHASED THE CLOTHING AND FURNISH-
IN0.S  BUSINESS  RECENTLY  CONDUCTED  BY  J.   H.
(MICKEY) RICHARDSON
Wo nsk fnr a continuance of tho generous patronage given him, and
trust that by honorable business methods wo will be ablo to create and
maintain confidence wilh thoso whom wo do businoss"
W eare positive one purchase at our, storo will make you a satisfied
customer for tho Tit-Rite Olothing and Furnishings Parlors.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
GORDON JONAH -    Propritcors     -      -      GEORGE PRAT
4G1 HASTINOS STREET CORNER HOMER
To the Workmen of British Columbia:
A special fetituro iri tho policies of tho WESTERN EMPIRE LITE
is the citniHe: Tho insured mny travel or reside in any purt of the world,
and engage in nny occupation. This ia specially desirable in insurance
prilieios, beuuiso most companies limit a man's activities.
This clause is included in our
"Complete Protection Policies"
Our Dominion Government deposits aro exceeded only by two other
Oinadinn Life Insurance Compnnies.
The Western Empire Life Assurance Co.
,T. DOBRIN, Provincial Manager
204 WINCH BLDG.
Next to Post Office
Vancouver, B. 0.
Why Not Send the
Federationist To Others?
Sometimes thoso who solie.it subscriptions for Tlio Foderntionist
find persons who want to subscribe but ennnot. Sometimes a family
is straining evory effort to get a homo, or to educate children, or
thoro is renl misfortune, and circumstances are such as to shut them
off from things thoy greatly nocd.
Often Tho Fedorationist has carried such subscriptions for a limited
time without pay from the subscribers, depending upon othors to
mako this possible
Sometimes trado unionists who aro anxious to help, offer money to
send tho paper to others.
Many moro would do so if thoy realized how much such an net
would bo appreciated by those to whom we could Send The Fedorationist.
If you arc willing to help in this, send in your monoy and ask for
a receipt showing that it is to send Thc Foderntionist to others.
We will make sure that tho paper will bo read and passed on as
a condition of sending The Federationist on these terms.
In some eases this offer is tho means of spurring porsons on to
subscribe.
Somo persons muy. bo too busy to do much reading. They o.ight
to havo somo monoy to sparo.
ADDRESS: B. 0. TEDERATIONIST
R. Farm Pettipiece, Manager Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
THE STATE, HERE AND ABROAD
Attitude of the Continental Democrat Toward Thia Organization Differs Fundamnetally From That of British and
American—State Seen by Russian as a Protection of Privilege
dopendent clasB like managing a landed proprietorship; middle-class republican absolutism exploits it liko running a factory. He sees no other difference, and dobs not think this difference worth troubling about.
The Russian Aim.
This, thon, scorns to bo the key to
the position of tho Russians. Tbey
aim to abolish tho organization of thc
political means; to do away with all political govornment by tho simple device
of taking the profit out of it. As a
hinttcr of domestic policy, this means
j little moro in the way of readjustment
[By Albert Jay Nock, in N. Y. Evening Post]
IN A recent issue of the Evening Post (Jan. 30) I ('tilled attention to th
portant and neglected difference between the continental democrat and thoi than "the  resorption of all" socially
Bnfish-American democrat, in the matter of defining democracy.   Quite as Umnfofl ,Tni„„0    ~, „ nt. lit       -J7*
important bnd a. Imporfeotl/undorstoou is thoir different over _s theory 3 fanahalf n^ so did QuL^
the State. What I. the State; what is its origin; why is It here; why our "alio-- gfrff iiK Xfc -
glance to it? lo the e elementary questions the Conhiiontal democrat ro urns a Continental economists down to Hertz*
wholly different set ot answers from oars. Thero is nothing now about this fact,, !<„ Internationally it would mean ihe
bat current history is now for tho lirst time bringing it out.   Hitherto it never! ___S__7__"_?^IZZ?      '"
ilalmod our attention; practically it did not cuunt, and wo do not usually (rouble
oursolvos about matters that do not count. But now it is beginning to count
heavily in the practice of international polities, und hence must incron singly
affect the practice of domestic politics as woll.
Indeed, a more or less violent collision'
between the two theories appears imminent. Even now wc cnn hardly believe that the heresies reportod in the
Russian dispatches really exist. To our
great surpriso, after all tho hard
things we have said about them, tho
Russians turn out to be as liltlo pro-
German as pro-Ally. Tho Gorman government seems as discouraged with
them as wo are. Apparently thoy do
not discriminate between two political
systems. Republics mean ns littlo to
thom as monarchies. It ia dawning on
us that they are not against this or
that form of government, bat against
all governments. They nre simply
against the state; not tho German or
English or American state, but the
state itself, wherever found.
disappearance  of  "recognized   special
interests," Palmerstonism, "spheres of
influence," and tariffs; tho neutralization of waterways; nnd in general, a
simple freedom lo go where ono liked
'uos tho special researches nf an Aus-: "J10" traHe a9 "na might.   But in the
trian professor, tho jurist Gumplowitz,' vicMV' °* the Continental, democrat, this
of Grntz.   It was pruised  by Adolph programme is visionary and impracti-
Wagner as the most important work of cnljlc na lon£ «9 tlie stato exists:
its kind ever published.  I am not seek-     "Anonymous  and   irresponsible  bu- [
ing to recommend the doctrine on the  reaucrncy governs;  tho  state,   as   an I
strongth of these names—far from it.  11 Onormous octopus, pumps ond poisons !
quote Oppenheimer merely because he j the blood of the nation.   If tho terri-]
hnppens to be accessible in English— ; 1)le period which we arc going through \
very little of tho literature of the sub- j(!nn *onen llfi tt lesson, it must bo thnt
jeet has beon translated—and for the j of tn0 thoroughly malevolent chnrac-
sake of showing that this doctrine Is a itor of 'he state."
commonplace of European thought, and I    This is not Berkman, Haywood. Tres-
henee if wo close our ears to it as a!ctl! it *s tho brilliant and ablo French
mere ignorant ebullition of proletarian democrat, Georges Daricu,   and    here,
discontent, wc are not quito fair with I too, namely, in tho essential character
ourselves.    Even    Prusitin    autocracy  °£ the Stato, wo seo tho ground for the
managed to get ovor its prudishness | Continental democrat's distrust of any
ring it mentioned; perhaps bo-1 proposed league of nations, any "gen-
millennium. We do not know of nny ]m<
perlalistlc designs that tho British government hss, and It would bother Mr. Simpson
to mention nny. He Insisted thst the war
must be settled on & basis that there will
be'no more war. How is it to ba done! How
to get tho kaiser to accept the views of the
Labor men Is the puzzle.
The demands of the British Labor movemont can only bo got by a revolution in
Germany or by tho complete defeat of the
German government, snd war party. There
will bo no settlement by Self-determination
and without indemnity or annexation If the
kaiser can help It. Surely Mr. Simpson
senses ns much as that. Why offer altruistic proposals to tho kaiser, who Is bent upon
lording It ovor those who maks the offer!
We can seo what is happening In Russia.
The Bolsheviki is offering peace to Germany
on th« terms suggested by Mr. Simpson. But
how aro they mot? By demnnds for annexation and restrictions. Russia want* a pacifist sottlement. Germany wants a conqueror's
settlement at tho point of tho sword. Tho
same thing would happen in Britain if circumstances permitted. You cannot, as Lloyd
Grorgo Baid, arguo with an earthquake. Mr.
Simpson had a good deal to say ahout the
capitalist press. Ho is a newspaper man
liiniBelf. He should know that the newspapers aro anxious to give the news, and
to give ft truthfully. Nn respectable newspaper will distort the news. But they liave
their own opinions, and we hnvo yet to learn
that those opinions aro for salo. Prom statements mnde by tho chairman of the meeting
we are led tn believo that the Soclol-Demo-
crats hnd difficulty in finding a hall to meet
in.   That Booms Strang* to us.
The Russians and the State.
This is a disquieting discovery. Our
primary postulate of civilization is that
tlio stato must exist; itB non-existence
is unthinkable. Wo accept tho state as
ono of thc elemental facts of life; wo
reverence it by instinct, and have no
more curiosity about it than about the
air we breathe. Even tho forms of
Socialism that wc are acquainted with
not only postulate the stato, but raise
it to omnipotence, or give it at least
tho attributes of a kind of demi-urge.
Thc Russians laugh nt any mention of
tho state. Their estimate of it is
plainly scon in Trotsky's preface to the
secret treaties (Evening Post, January
25). It is writ largo on the address Af
the Bolshevik ambassador to tho British working-class (Evening Post, February 5)—the most extraordinary
diplomatic utterance iu tho world's archives. It comes out even moro vividly in thoir piquant offer to sond us
about hearing
causo it had to, perhaps becauso of its j eral   association   of   nations to guar-
instinctivo   respect   for   whatever   is ] antes political indopendenco and terri-
'* ' torial   integrity   to   great   and   smnll
states alike."    It is noteworthy that
wissenschaftlich,
The Modern State.
So much, then, for origins.   We can
now seo why the Rusinns seem to fall
a little in. a traditional or suporsti-
tional regard for tho state—vilescit
origino tali. But now as to tho modem state. Suporstition apart, the
American democrat reverences tho state
because it safeguards life, liberty,
peaco and proporty. This is also the
viow of tho British Liberal. The Continental democrat, however, dons not
see it quite in that way. Oppenheimer
says:
"Thoro arc two fundamentally opposed ,means whoreby man, requiring
sustenance, is impelled to obtain tho
necessary material for satisfying his
desiros. Theso arc work and robbery,
ono's own labor and the forciblo Appropriation of the labor of others.
I   propose       to   call
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ono year's subscription to The B.
G. FederationiBt, will be mailed to any Id-
dross in Canada for $10. (Good anywhere
outside of Vanoouvor city.) Order ton today.    Pemlt when sold.
IJ The one big thing that you cnn do, and whicli you ought
to do, is to patronize those merchants who patronize your
paper by advertising in The B." C. Federationist.
THE B.C.F. OFL. CAMPAIGN
FUND STILL SHORT $773.00
this waB tho only one of the President's fourteen items that elicited no
response from the Rusians. The criticism is obvious, from their point of
view; such an asoctntion would bo a
league, not of nations, but of states,
and as long as the stato retained its
character as an organization of tho political means, any agreement of the
kind would be a ra-ere menace; and if
it changed its character it would disappear bodily, and no ngreement would be
necessary.
To ourselves and the British Liberal,
I repeat, all this is doubtless sheer depravity and insanity. One dislikes to
nsk an American newspaper to print it.
Yot, nfter all, if ono lives in a world
half-full or even ounrter-f,ill of depraved and insane people, is it not an
affectation merely to cIobc one's eyes
and scold at their repulsive projects?
Reed ns their Consul-General—.Tack I one's own labor and tho equivalent ex-
Reed, newspaper man, stormy petrol of. change of one's own labor*for tho labor
proletarian disturbances, now under in- \ °* othcrs the 'economic means' for tho
dictmont for our American equivalent I satisfaction of needs, whilo thc unroof lese-mojoBtc!   Such a feat of humor | <H»tcd appropriation of the labor of
__.i    : :„_a!-_     u    t._   -i_-^ others,  will  be  called  the  "political1
means."
"Tho stato is an organization of the
political means."
Tho primary function of the State,
then, in this view, is to protect, not
lifo or property or pence or liborty, but
privilege—i, e., the legal right of certain persons to the "unrequited appropriation" of tho labor of othors. To a
certain well-defined extent, and for
certain well-work ecl-o at purposes, it
protects lifo and liberty, but this function is only incidental nnd contributory
to its primary fvnetton ns an organization of the political means—inasmuch
ns economic exploitation requires a continued supply of available human material as a Inbor-motor. In short, the
Continental democrat regards tho State
as a pure absolute agency
mechanism. His aim is, by increasingly largo encroachments "of tho developed economic means, eventually to
destroy tho state. With tho abolition
of tariffs, franchises, concessions, privato ownership of natural resources,
and the like—tho political moans of
gelling and retaining other people's
earnings—political government would
disappear automatically and bo replaced
by administrative govornment. Ho is
not interested in the moro substitution-of ono form of politicnl government for nnother form of politicul gov-
LABOR'S AIMS IN THE WAR
At tho special convontion of tho B, C. Federation of Labor, held in September,
1017, it waa decided to onter the political Held nnd to placo candidates in nil industrial centres for tho Dominion house. This courso was carried out, and the
local campaign committees find that they aro unable to clear off all tho indebtedness contracted in the campaign,
Tho outstanding debts of tho committees amount in all to about $800. It is
impossible for this indebtedness to bo cleared, oxcopt through voluntary contributions, by local unions, or indivadual mombors of organizod Lnbor.
Tho funds of tho B, C. Federation of Labor cannot bo used in any othor manner than ns laid down in the constitution, and it thoreforo becomes necessary
for tho Executivo of tho Federation to issue an appeal to tho organizations represented at tho special convontion, or any other organization, to como to the
aid of tho local committees.
Tbe B. 0. Fedorationist has boen authorized to institute a fund for the
payment of their campaign debts, and it will continuo to rocoivo funds
that may be contributed to clear off tho deficits of the local committees,
Donations may be mailed direct to tho secretary-treasurer of the Federation, which will be duly acknowledged.
A. S. WELLS,
Secretary-Troosuror.
Previously acknowledged  121.75  P. R. W., Phoenix, B. 0    5.00
and imagination would bo almost
enough of itself to convince us that
their conception of tho state is worth
looking into; at any rate, their dealings with tho outside world givo Reed's
appointment a sort of mad consistency
which shows that their theory must bo
wholly different from  ours.
And so it is. British and American
political writers have always approached the origin of the state by tho a
priori road—that is, by guesswork.
Taking the phenomenon of tho stato ns
it stands, they hnve mnde a series of
moro or less plausible conjectures about
the way it eame into existence Some
have thought it nn extension nf the
patriarchal system. Sir Robert Ftlmer
ascribed its origin to the will of God:
Carey, tn a gang of robbers: Locke and
others, to various modes nf social agreement and the nccommndatinn of natural
individual rights. The pnint to be
noted is thnt nnno of these theories
reflects nnv uso of tho historical
method. Filmer's theory of "divine
riffht," which is at present so unpopular, went out of currency not becnisn
it was unhistorionl, but becnuso it became unfashionable; mon'.n minds simply stopped working in thoso general
sequences. As a mntter of fact, it has
as much and as little hlstorieal founda;
tinn as any nthnr of tlio theories current nmnng ns: thnt is to sny, ns ftir ns
we know, none nf them 1ms any.
The Continental Democrat.      A
The Continental democrat folows tho
historical or sociological method in his
examination of the state. He analyzes
every phase of tho state's development,
from the most primitive and undifferentiated to tho most modern and most
highly integrated, and finds ono factor
common to evory phase; and this sole,
invisible factor he sets aside as probably standing in a causal relation to
the state. Then he considers those
communities which have never formed
a state, and finds that this factor is
invariably absent. Thus, positively
and negatively, he has around this one
factor, and that this factor is its vital
principle.
This factor is the cleavage or stratification of society whereby an owning
class appropriates without compensation the earnings of n proportyloss and
dopendent laboring class. This is by
no menus tho samo thing as thn cleavage into rich and poor elnssoaj the fact
of economic exploitation of one class
by the other is tho thing In be noted.
Wherever tho stato exists this phenomenon is seen; wherever it is not
seen tho state does not exist. The two
nro invariably concomitant. Those
primitive communities whoso activities did not lend themselves
to economic exploitation have
nover formed a slate—tho hunting
tribes, for instance, and primitive
peasants who nover nmass an economic
accumulation worth appropriating.
Only whoro economic exploitation has
been possiblo has tho state appeared;
and in thoso cases it has always appeared as the imediate exploiting agent.
I quote'nn authority whom I shall
presently name:
"What then is the state as a sociological concept! Tho state, completely in its genesis, essentially and almost
completely during thc first stages of its
existonco, is a social institution forced
by a victorious group of men on a defeated group with the solo purposo of
regulating the dominion of tho victorious group over tho vanquished and securing itsolf ngainst revolt from within and attacks from abroad. Theologically, this dominion had no other purpose thnn the economic exploitation of
tho vanquished by tho victors.
"No primitive fltntfl known to history
originated in any other manner."
But this is tho doctrine of tho ignorant, malcontent, low-lived agitntor!
Yes, for my readers and myBolf, no
doubt it is. For representative British
and Americnn political thought, it is—
but not for tho Continont. Tho foro^
going is quoted from Franz Oppen-
hoimor, of tho University of Berlin,
wliich is undor particular favor ond
patronage of Prussian autocracy; and
further, Oppenheimer's   work   contin
Signs of the Times
While economy is lining inculcated upon
thn working-man and his wif\ do not Iobo
sight of tho fact that thin is tho day of
nxtravngnnco for profiteers. Automobile
makers assure uk thut never in the history
of tho trade hns th* demnnd been greater
for high-class cart*, nnd expensive vehicles.
That's one item. Here's another. When tho
wnr broke nut ono trnde thnt was shot to
pieces was thu fur trado. You couldn't give
somo of the choicest skins away, and there
was weeping und wailing nmong the many
dealers who bought, with cnll money and had
to enmo through.
Now It's different. The extravagant are
un ensy street. War babies hnvo been a
wclcohw menns of getting rich quick and for
the past year the salo of fur und othor
luxuries have boen been unprecedented. Tho
highest prices ever renlized nre now being
received for furs and thnt with the trade
confined to America. There is no European
market. London Is dcBd. Paris buys little.
German trade is out of it; but tho well-
to-do in America hnvo oodles of money, and
thsy hnve it not for cnrrylng on tho wnr,
but for luxurious and riotous spending.
Diamond dealers In New York tell similar
story nnd it is most informing to hnvo a
report from the South African diamond mines
to the effect that the Americnn trade hns
l>'en for the past two years the salvation
of the industry.
Still if you do wear furs, diamonds and
silks and satlnB, drive in your limousinos
and have a retinue of servants, It 1ms been
the tlmo-honorcd custom that that above all
things, plnces you in a position to preach
thrift to tho workingman. It is hallowed
by precedent.—Seattle Daily Call.
[Hnmilton TimeBl
Mr. Jnmes Simpson or Toronto, the well-
known Socialist orator and Labor leader, addressed a meeting of th? Rocinl-PemncrotH
in tho Sons of England hall, Hughsori street
north, yesterday afternoon. He hpd a large
and sympathetic audience, and spoke with
great force for over nn hour. His theme
wns the wur alms of tho BrltlBh Labor movement. Mr. Simpson hns Just returned from a
visit to Englnnd, where h* wns in closo
tnuch with the labor element, and waa thuB
in a position to give his views on tho war
aims of the party. Mr. Simpson addressed
tlie audience aB "comrades and friends."
Prom his references to Mr. Samuel Gompers,
who js behind tho president In this war, it
looked as if Mr. Simpson did not approve
of Mr. Oomp?rs' warlike activities. \V<
take it that Mr. Simpson belongs to thi
pacifist wing of (tho Lobor movement, as he
spoke enthusiastically of Ramsay Mnsdonald
nnd of what he wns doing In the old land
in the interests of pence. Mr. Simpson hnd
good word to sny for the German peopli
EPITAPH  TO A  THIRD ENGINEER.
When tho last crank and crosshead's been
tightened,
And the Third Engineer laid to rest.
And his toola ail rusted and broken,—
Divide what you think ure the best,
No red-hot cranks, or second's pranks
Will   thera  the Third  annoy,
But in robes of white, a shining light—
Homebody's fair haired boy.
No rods to swing, no gear to sling, ,
No bottom ends to tighten,
No glands trt pack, no nuts to slack,
No firemen to frighten.
Hut on that bright and happy shore,
Heyond  this  vale of  tears,
When tho Second's cease from troubling,
And there's no   "Chief Engineers."
So leave him alone in God's acre,
Ho died in his old beliefs:—
That Heaven's reserved for tho Juniors,
And Hell's act apart for the Chiefs.
—Rudyard Kipling.
Union Made
HATS
MADE TO FIT TOUB HEAD
$3.50 and $4.00
NONE TO EQUAL THEM
SELLERS & DAVIS
HM Marafac tutors
344 ABBOTT STBEET
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
(Bet. Hastings and Cordova Sta.)
SLATER'S
For Quality
Large cans Tomatoes  16c
Small cans Tomatoes, 2 for.. 25c
Robertson's    Old    Country
Jam, Raspberry, 4 lbs  75c
Slater's Tea, per IT)  30c
Baking Powder, 5 lbs. for.. 76c
Lipton's Cocoa, half-lb  20c
Milk, per tin  10c
Salmon, largo tins, per tin.. 16c
Clark's Pork and Berns, 3
for   26c
DELIVERY TO ALL PABTS
131 Hastings St. Eaat    Bej. 3262
830 Granville St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Straet.    Fair. 1683
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in tbe home of
every man-
is it nr toues?
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
Willington', "Ship" Barber Shop
414 FENDEB STBEET WEST
UKION   SHOP—BEST   EQUIPMENT
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoilto Lftbor Tempi*
VAHOOUVEB. B, 0.
—Headquartera  for Labor Hen—
Ratea—75c and $1.00 per day.
$2.60 per week tnd ap.
Oi** tt RCMOMtH EiUl
ilw   ii   roou   woro   i(i   any   ior  in?  irerm
Or I "id   fur   the   submarine   command
wonder whnt Mr. 0. If. Roberts, M.P, fnr
Norwich, monnt whon lio tleolnrod, In n publio address thnt there were dements within
ihe Lnhor party flint Kenned Animated solely
by ii (-spirit of destruction t, They displayed
solicitude for the nntion's enemies, were
fluxions thnt we should do nothing to hurt
Germans nfter (ho wnr, nnd seemed to wish
to tako ttiein Into their nrtns. Vet these
very jpojdp were always Infrtfrutng nnd con-
spirinjr nnd seeking to undermine nnd tn
turn out of thc movement those who hnd
evidenced ;i pntriotic spirit. Tf tlie Lnhor
pnrty wns going to he associated in the mind
of psoplo with nntl-pntriotic forces It would
never prosper, he declared.
With  n trrent  denl  of  what Mr.  Simpson
advanced the Times thoroughly agroes, and
it  Is  sntisfnetory  to  know  that  In  spite  of
ent   the   Lnhorit
Copenhagen
Chewing
eminent for another, becnuso such  a [ tlio pnolrtat oliinont llic I.nlmrlti*** ph'skfcI
chnnge does not displace absolutism or I resolution in support nf tlm TlritiRli novorn*
evon appreciably disturb it.   Monarch- \mml <"[i "B>"mi et Vmlient wnw«
.  ,    ,   ','   .. ■    .  .,     ., .   , wnr nlinn,    Rut. enillft nf  tin*  refnrni*  n*=).*-*il
Ini absolutism exploits the propcrtylcss | ,„ ,,„ jtr Si„,,,8„„ „.|,| „,„„ |n ,viii, ti,,.
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
MS..W ^_i_^i__fX.'Y-\-c:V-_X'-___t>/4
The Standard's Big Clearance
Sale Is the Talk of the Town!
Never such low prices ever offered on Quality Furniture ns we arc making litis month. Our big DAYLIGHT STORB has
been crowded with eager furniture buyers all this week, Inking advantage of tho BIG BARGAINS shown on our floors.
Have you availed yourself of any of the great values we are giving? If not, do so this coming week sure, for to buy from
the STANDARD is money saved on every article you buy nnd satisfied customers is how wc built up our big business and
made this store headquarters for Quality Furniture at the least price.
Remember Our Easy Payment Flan Is
at your disposal if you wish.  We
charge no interest.
Positively No Exchanges
All Sale Prices Strictly Cash
Deliveries at our own convenience.
No Extra Charge for packing
out-of-town orders.
Standard Furniture Limited
CORNER GRANVILLE AND HELMCKEN
ALL CARS PASS THIS STORE PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY.....
..February 88, 1W8
Buy Right and You'll Buy Less
The new Spring Clothes of
Hart Schaffner &. Marx
have arrived, and early buying is to your advantage, Mr. Union Man. Union made by contented
employees, guaranteed to satisfy under test of
wear, their quality makes them the cheapest
clothes you can buy—
$30, $35, $40, $45 and $50
Claman's Canadian Clothes
Extra quality at reasonable! prico; made for this house
exclusively, they cannot bc duplicated elsewhere.
$20, $25, $27.50, $30 and $35
HOME OF HART SCHAFFNtR S MABX CL0THES"(»,
IMS
LIMITED
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
THE OBIGINAL UNION OENTS' OLOTHING STOEE
:i
[
GONE UP WITH
OF
Twin Bute Overalls Made
in a Clean, Sanitary
Shop
Union Conditions Lived Up
to the Letter—Every
Style Made
In a big, sunlit factory on the roof cf a
Water etreet v nre lion so where Messrs. Jvmos
Thomson & Bons conduct an established
dry goods business, thc manufacture of the
famous Twin Bute overalls Ib carried on.
Two doien. or more, twin-needle power ma-
•'Iaal|tint-(Eraft"
Quality
Clothes
are made with an eye to
the future and sold with
the object of retaining
each customer as a future patron.
$18
and up
Thos.Foster&Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
chines run up tho Beams in sleeves and legs
with n speed und effectiveness tlmt must
menu low cost of operation and tlio utmost
dogroe of strength In tho seam.
Practically every operation is performed
by machinery, under the most sanitary con-
ditions in a union shop and to a greater
degree of porofectlon than might be possible
by band. Spued and efficiency characterizes
thd work of this shop.
For instnnco, the old slot-knife, formerly
used to carva out slerves and shoulders,
pockets and logs, now lies tarnishing in its
sheaf. A smart-looking little machino, hardly any larger than a flat iron, does its work
instead. This machine, power-driven, making HOOO revolutions per mlnu to, cuts out
96 shirts in tho spaco of two or throe minutes. Its sharp blade travels through the
thicknesses of cloth with tho speed of the
proverbial hot knife through butter. One
man with tills machine does tha work of
a dozen with slot knives, and does it better.
Twin Bute Overalls
Hugo bolts of cloth aro converted into
shirts and smocks, overalls ot every kind,
dusters, conts and work pants, every hour.
Tho output Is large. One wonders where
nro all the workors who wear theso varied
garments.
The shelves hold great bales of blanket
cloth, handsome as to pattern, comforting
in their promise of warmth, and ncross an
aisle on the tables lie equally larga stacks
of work shirts, made from this cloth.
There are loggers' shirts, thick, heavy,
waterproof twoed affairs, hard of surface,
s« that no leaf nor twig may cling to the
garment. Thero aro miners' shirts for the
oliap who delves down into the enrth n mile
below its surface. There are white pants
fnr painters and kalsomine workers, and
carpenters' overalls of n port of white canvas, with eleven pockets for rule, hummer.
lathing hatchet, and nails of every kind.
There aro boiler-suits, a sort of all-encompassing arrangement, used by boiler cleaners
and very much to the fancy of the young
women who picked fruit Iv British Columbia,
last year. They resemble somewhat the uniforms of tho Tomtny-Wnncs.
Twin Bute Garments
Every seam is doubh-stitched, corners of
pockets are tacked down, the buttons are
riveted on by a machine that is specially
contrived for tho purpose. Button holes are
ilrst sewn up and then slit to tho proper
sizo by another wonderful little device and
so simple & thing as a patch-pocket is given
special attention by machines which first
shape it, then cut it, equip it with button
hole and fit Its accompanying garment with
button.
Tho cost of living, ns far as overalls,
smacks, work shirts, pants, dusters and
jumpers are concerned, hus not gone up In
Western Canada. For instance, a garment
that is hurriedly turned out in Eastern Canada, selling on a market that is snapping up
everything available, is not the equal of a
Twin Bute garment which Messrs. Thomson
& Sons can soli on this market for less than
a poorly-made garment is sold for in the
east.
And Twin Bute Is it nnme to conjur? with
in the worid of workers. Tho reinforced
seats and knees, the double-stitched seams
and tacked corners, the rlvstted buttons, and
the good old-tVliioncd habit of using the
best v. ijjisli ond Scottish woolens, tweeds,
khakis and denims, bus made a name for
these garments, which all bear tho union
lab>l with the trademark, Twin Bute, itself
sewn Into the garment by machinery,
Messrs. Jas. Thomson St Sons, Limited, Is
an old, established Arm, rated high In the
trade, They carry on a large business ln
wholesale dry goods, Including linens, staples,
woolens, dress goods, linings, smalhvare, ribbons, hosiery, underwear, and In fact a
very lnrge, extensive and solid business. ***
If you haven't joined the Federated Labor
Party, get in touch with Socretary Twitter,
Room 200, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province. **•
FURNITURE LOANS
SALARY LOANS
WE LOAN MONEY
On Furniture, Pianos, Autos—these remaining in your possession.   You
repay loans in easy weekly, monthly or quarterly payments.
To Salaried People from $5 to $100 on their own notes.
Private Offices,   Business Strictly Confidential;   Courteous Treatment
Loans closed immediately.  Open uny evonlng hy appointment.   If unable
to visit our oflico phone and our representative will cull nnd close loan
at your bome.
Phoenix Investment Co.
ROOM 21( 413 GRANVILLE STREET
Phone Soy. 2605
Sec. Midgley Kept Busy at
Last Night's Meeting
of Labor Council
Lengthy  Report of Labor
Conference With Ottawa
Government Submitted
After considerable debate last night
tlie Trades and Labor Council, by a
large majority, received the report of
Secrotary Midgloy, delegate from Vancouver to the labor conference with
tho federal govornment nt Ottawn. The
Beerotary reported nt length on the deliberations of the conference und pointed out that the delegates hnd done
ull they could for tho protection of
labor, lie read tho official report of the
proceedings, explaining in detail. Del.
Thomas offered a motion that thc report bc received, the executive committee censured for sending n delegate nt all, and that the delegates be
instructed to advise their individual
locals not to register under tho pro
posed labor censjs. Trustee McVoty'f
amendment that all the words after the
word "received" be struck out, was
carried.
The council* decided to instruct its
delegate to the civic meeting at which
the standard weight loaf law is to be
discussed to protest against it, Del.
Francis of the Bakers pointing out that
it was a law drawn by tho big bakers
in their favor and against the smaller
concerns which sold a larger loaf by
reason of not having to deliver it. The
proposed law to Bet the weight at 18
ounces, he declared, was literally "tak
ing bread out of the mouths of tho
people."
Fifty-nine unions were represented
with 113 delegates present. New dele
gates obligated were as follows: Mold'
ers, A. Hubert; Bookbinders, H. Perry;
Tile workers, J. Cavanaugh; Civic Em-
ployees, S. Cochran; Machinists, No.
777, Youngash, Howard, Bell, Taylor;
Oil Refinery Workers, Smith, Singer and
Whitelaw; Machinists (automobile sec-
tion), Bro. Morcer.
A communication from the Military
Hospitals Commission re vocational
training was referred to the returned
soldiers committee as recommended by
tho executive.
A communication was received from
A. S. Wells, secretary of B. C. F. of L.,
thanking the council for thc arrangements during tho lato convention.
A letter from the Comrades of the
Great War ro importation of coolie
labor, saying they were prepared to resist Buch by forco if necessary, was
filed.
Tho Women's New Era league asked
for the endorsement of tho principle
of women's pensions, and tho request
was concurred in.
On tho recommendation of the ex ecu
tivo ro the request of the Now West
minster Trades and Labor Council for
an investigation of coal prices, was endorsed.
An endeavor of the Steam nnd Operating Engineers to organize tho engineers in the city schools wos given
the council's endorsement. Business
Agent Midgley reported the Steam nnd
Operating Engineers had asked for a
wage increase of $15 a month for school
engineers. In an investigation of tho
wagos of these janitors it was found
the school bonrd pnid so much an extra
rooai, and thus families of some of thc
janitors were compelled to do this extra
work. In another instance it was found
that women janitors received a very
much lower wago than mon.
The business agent outlined the efforts being made to secure the same
rate of wages for civic mechanics thnt
are paid by private concerns. A speedy
settlement was effected on the orders
of Mayor Gale.
The situation at loco, where tho em-
ployees of tho Imperial Oil Co. aro on
strike, was explained by the business
agent.
Secretary Midgley reported regarding
his trip to Ottawa and the conference
between tho federal governmont nnd organized Labor representatives. He
road the published report of the chair
mnn of the conference.
The government had decided to give
representntions to Labor on all commissions dealing with labor and the
delegates pnssed a resolution to the effect thnt such representations should
be satisfactory to the trades affected.
The conference was of one mind
against indentured labor. Tho r]oie-
crates went so fnr as to say they preferred Germnn to Oriental domination
if it camo tn that point.
T?p conscription of lnbor, the dele
gates woro opposed absolutely but th*
ffovernmont made no stntemont ns to
its position.
As tn  Oriental  lnbor,  Hon. N. W.
JASTHOMSONASONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
tWH     BUT!
OVERALLS union
MADE SHIRTS
'pHE first TWIN BUTE garment that you buy will furnish its
own argument why you should always insist on the Twin Bute
Label when wanting Overalls, Shirts or Smocks. Each Twin Bute
garment is convincing proof that it is thc best procurable. It will
tell its own story.
am
rens
Rompers
Many Good Styles
Additional shipments just
to hand combined with
our usual splendid assortments, mako our displays
particularly interesting at
this time, Note Ihe following:
—of blue and white gingham or cream cambric, for
ages six months and one
year at 50c.
—of pink check gingham,
for ages six months and
ono year, at 85c.
—of plain pink or blue
Chambray, with white
trimmings, for ages six
months and ono year, at
$1.00.
—of pink or blue check
gingham, for ages six
months to two years, at
$1.25. Also in plain white
pique at the same price.
—oi" white pique, finished
with embroidery edging,
for ages ono to two yoars,
at $1.50 and $1.75.
l*****"!*
575 Granville Thane Sey. 3540
Our Own "Billy" Dunn
"Brother Dunn continued his address
by pointing put that tbo workers never
had such a chance in their lives as now,
for nover before was the demand for
labor equal to thc supply. But though
we must ut all times fight to bettor o.ir
condition and incrense cur wages," said
he, "there is something greater than
this—it is our ultimate emancipation
from exploitation. We have political
democracy: whnt wo want is industrinl
democrncy."—Butte Weokly Bulletin.
Rowell hesitated before replying in
answer to a question, that thc government did not contemplate the introduction of coolio labor.
The government was informed the
alleged scarcity of labor did not exist
if wages and conditions were made decent. Tho government pointed out that
big employers said there was and its
attitude was there should bo nn inventory and labor bureau to look after
tho distribution of labor.
Secretary Midgley expressed the
opinion thut the delegates hud done the
best they could to protect Labor, and
the conference was representative.
Dol. Thomas moved thut the report
bo received, that tho council go on
record ns condemning the executive for
sending a delegate to. the conference
and instruct the delegntcs to notify the
members of their locals not to register
under thc labor census.
Del. Cnvunnugh, in seconding the mo
tion, said he drew a different inferencf
than did Secretary Midgley and under'
stood tho government at Ottawa, like
in Grent Britain, desired to saddle responsibility on Labor.
Secretary Midgloy, replying to Del,
Cavanaugh, said he did not represent
his own personal views nt tho conference but represented tho council as the
working peoplo hnd given the govern
ment the right to do as it pleased, the
delegates tried to do the best they
could. The working class candidates
in the federal olooTtoil luid told the
electors just what would happen, but,
notwithstanding, the govornment had
been elected hy a big mnjority.
Del. Hardy asked if Socrotary Midg
ley hnd so soon forgotten his olootion
statements thai tho people were up
ngninst the War Times Election Act
nnd the election would not bo a true
voice of the poople.
Trustee McVety ninved an amendment that all tho Thomos motion, aftor
the word "received," bo struck out,
nnd snid he wns agreeably surprised al
the report of the conference nnd the
actions nf the delegate from this section nf the country.
Discussion on the motion nnd amendment wns general, As to the censure
of tho council, proposed in the motion,
President Kelly said the time to hnve
done so seemed to him would hnve been
at tlio last meeting, He said, in ox-
pliinntinn of the executive sending the
delegato, lhat it wns first considered
putting it up to the council, but there
was not time. Tho amendment was
carried.
Attention nf the council was drawn
to the recent raise in ferry fares to
North Vancouvor, which was a discrimination ttgnlnst Vancouver working
men. A motion of protest wns defented.
Del. Trolter's motion, Hint election
of officers bo by the system of propor-
Hnnul representation, was given the
flrst rending.
On behalf of the Longshoremen's
Auxiliary, Del. Winch reported that re
pentcd statements in tho public press
ns to tho shortage nf lnbor, was incorrect nnd there was no flhnrtnffo.
A motion was passed instructing the
dcloffnto of the council to the civic
discussion of the standard Iwif to enter
a protest on behalf of organized Labor.
Leaves Nerve-wrecking Job
to Inflict Worse One
Upon Others
The recent unexpected resignation
of It. A. ("Dick") Rigg, Winnipeg,
from several responsible positions in tho
Labor movemont has been the cause of
a good deal of friendly speculation
nmong his mnny friends in B. O. And
in this quiet wonderment Rigg himself
seemed to join. Now, however, word
filters through indirectly that Dick has
become a traveling salesman for the
John Henry Ford Elizabeth tiueo-limos.
Winnipeg Trndes nnd Lubor Council
Inst week broke its usual no-preseutu-
tion policy nnd called ex-Secretary
Rigg to the "bnr," when "a very
pleasant time wns hnd." In replying
to tho address and presentation, Mr.
Rigg told those of his hearers who
imagined that the lot <>f a labor official
wus an easy one that they knew little
of the actual conditions. The men who
entered the lnbor wnr faced a sea of
troubles, a continual battlefield; he
fought for an oppressed clnss not nlwnys too appreciative of honest effort
and intention. "You cnn relish a battle with opponents when you have your
class behind yon," he said, "but alas!
when you have to fight not only your
legitimnto opponent, but men of your
own sect, when you must bear unjust
criticism from those whose rights you
nro championing, the sneer from the pedantic element and tho renl weaklings
of tho Labor movement, whose oflen
plausible criticisms and conclusions arc
usually imaginative, tho burden ii
hard." Ia conclusion Mr. Rigg assured
his hearers that his interest in the
Labor movemont would never cease. Hi
hoped that the day would speedily dawn
when involuntary poverty would be
banished forever from the world.
TWO  TYPO.  SOLDIERS
AMONG THE RETURNED
The   Regular  Meeting of Vancouver
Printers Next Sunday at
2 p.m.
Ptes. .7. Ross nnd W. C, Fogarty returned from overseas with thc party
of returned soldiers which nrrived on
Wednesday. Previous to enlisting they
were employed in the World composing room. Having suffered sovere
wounds, the effects of which aro still
apparent, they both declared Vancouver
certainly looked good to them after
their harrowing experiences in the war
zone.
After nn absence of about two years
in the northern country Harry Fletcher
returned to Vnncouvor on Monday last.
On the trip out he again maintained his
record ns u "hiker" by walking from
Dawson to Whitehorse, covering thc
322 miles distance in 14 days.
Members of No. 22b" nre reminded
that tho regular monthly nieeting will
bo held on Sundny, 24th instant, nt 2
p.m., in Lnbor Temple.
A letter carrier correspondent com
plains to The Federationist that snme
jerk-water grocer out in South Vnncouver has had tho temerity to soak
him two bits for six pounds* of bran,
a product that can bo bought for $2.25
a cwt,   Might try changing grocers.
Tells Montreal Labor Men
Bolsheviki Methods Are
Better Than British
James Simpson, Toronto, vice-president of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, in a speech at Montreal on
Sundny afternoon last, in thc Monument Nationale, referred to the nationalization of the banking institutions
of Russia und tho government control
of factories, Baying:
"I tell you, I would rather be a member of the Bolsheviki government lining that, tlmn a member of the British
house of commons, permitting their
lords and curls nnd dukes to hold on
to their big estates while their people,
mothers and daughters, are standing in
lines a quarter, of a mile long waiting
to get a quarter of a pound of butter,
a bit of sugar and a little tea."
A voice: "How long are they going
to stand it, Jimmy?"
"Not very long," replied Mr. Simpson. " If I understand the working-class
mind in the mother country, they recognize their power, but they want to exercise it at the right timo and in the
most effective way to bring resaltB."
Deputy Minister Here
J. D. McNiven, deputy minister of
labor for tho province, spent several
days here this week.
Co-operative Store Saves Money
A new systom of selling foodstuffs,
by the co-operative plan, will givo the
people of Vnncouver an opportunity to
buy at a considerably less figure than
heretofore. The Elnpori um company,
885 Granvillo street, offers this and the
store carries groceries, meat, fish, poultry and vegetables of tho best quality.
Particulars of tho plan uro to be found
in The Fedorationist advertising columns. ***
The Emporium Co., Limited
CO-OPERATIVE
YOUR OWN STORE
-NOW OPEN IN THEIR PERMANENT STORE—
823 Granville St.
The departments are: Fanoy Groceries, Fruit and Vegetables,
Fresh and Smoked Meats, Fresh and Cured Fish, Fresh Poultry
Individual Dept. Phones—Call Sey. 908
C.O.D. Orders Promptly Filled
WE SELL TO EVERYBODY
Por shares in above company apply to the London Finance Co.,
814 Bower Bldg.   Phone Sey. 3223.
SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE
Important Announcement
"WITHIN THE MIND MAZE"
Bf EDGAR LUCIEN LARKIN
Director of the Lowo Astronomical Observatory, Mount Lowe, California
A Now Book, containing a Nmv View of
MIND, MAN AND LIFE
This book is actually the Law of the Mind. It shows Mar's
place in the Mind Universe as well as in ihe Astronomical
Universe.
This work should hnvo a peculiar appenl fnr tho pooplo of Vnncouver, I*r«f.
Lnrkln having heen tho ilrst. scientist of Internntionnl roputo to recognliB tbo
importune of ihe work of n locnl savant, A. McKay Jordan, nntlior of "Actino
Optical Therapeutics','' of whom ho nays: "Dr. Jordan has mado onu of tU"
groatast discoveries of tho ago, and his discovery will chango the career af s:i
whose inlllds am harassed hy eye troubles . . . the Doctor luts tolled for many
yenrs, the result of his work boing of transcondent Interest to  humanity."
Mr. Jordan's work in Included in the present edition of "Within the Mind Mam."
ON SALE AT 830 BIRKS BUILDING Price $1.60
Watch for announcement of Dr. Jordan's forthcoming book.
Get Your New Suit
-AT THE-
"BIG UNION STORE
FOR MEN"
—Large shipment just received.
—The line comes from one of the largest and best
men's clothing factories on the continent.
—You can rely on the material—it will give good
wear.
—Your suit will be right up-to-date—the lines have
been just received, and are cut according to 1918
styles.
—We offer these suits at a "right price"—and remember that the cost of men's clothing is steadily
going up.
Sec these suits before you buy. The shipment is the
largest and best assortment in Western Canada.
$25.00
Dicks Ltd.
The Big Union Store for Men
53 Hastings Street West
J

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