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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 1, 1918

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Labor Convention Decides to Form
United Working Class Political Party
Eighth Annual Convention of B. C. Federatifiprf Labor
Transacts a Mass of Very Important Biff less-
Session Lasts Whole Week—Debates 'l-'ire
Strenuous and Frequent
Werking Class Conditions Discussed From 11 :ry Angle
—Coolie Question Dealt With—Special Cil mittee
Meets Returned Soldiers—Vancouver ||an
Wins Presidency—Victoria Next Yea?
President—Duncan McCallum.
Secretary-Treasurer—A. S. Wells (re-elected).
Delegate to Trades and Labor Oongress of Canada—A.
S. Wells.
Trustees—President Duncan McCallum, and Secretary-
Treasurer, A. S. Wells.
District Vice-Presidents—Vancouver, E. Winch and W.
R. Trotter; Victoria, J. Taylor; Vancouver Island, Walter
Head; New Westminster, P. Peebles; Prince Rupert, W. E.
Thompson; Interior, Marcus Martin; Crow's Nest, W. A.
Convention City, 1919—Victoria.
WHAT IS GENERALLY admitted lias been tlie most important
Labor convention that has been held in the history oi organized
Labor in British Columbia, il not in the entire west, has come to an
eD*i, and the delegates are now on their way hack to their homes with
the satisfaction of having made history in the Labor movement. The
opmrentloii was the eighth annual gathering ol* the B. C. Federation
of Labor, and }VBS in session live days, dining which the delegates
werked hard the whole of thc time, thereby succeeding in transacting au amazing amount of business, not a little of which was of great
'ike most outstanding decision the convention arrived at was that
a political organization should be formed. The working class, after
bekg used by the old-line parties, given the worst of it at every turn,
promised and promised some moro and used over and over for thc
ends of both political parties, has got very little farther along the
road to better conditions than at the beginning. So organized Labor
hai now determined to take a hand and have its own party. And
judging by the enthusiasm of the delegates to the convention, and
the fact that before a decision was arrived at, thc subject was given
tin most thorough discussion from many angles, Labor's political
organization will become a factor in the lield of politics whieh both
of tlie old parties will have to reckon with. The decision for political action was overwhelming when finally put to vote.
Co-operation with Returned Soldiers
Aiother decision whicli the convention arrived at was the appoint-
m«»t of a committee lo meet returned s'oldicrs and to discuss with
then the future of thc thousands of men in khaki who will return,
an«i who, having fought and bled for their masters will, unless they
themselves aud the working class from whom they were drawn,
assert themselves and display their determination not to be cast off
aa isou as used, and to find themselves, ou account of their disabilities
through the war of capital, forced to eke out a precarious living selling shoestrings or led pencils on the street corners. Organized
Laker's contributions to tlie Clod of War were tremendous, and, while
thit fact was alluded to by speakers at thc convention, the discussion
took into consideration the thousands of unorganized workers who
wiU return to civil life at the close of thc war, and it was pointed out
by proper co-operation the settlement of these back into civil life
could tie accomplished in such a manner as not to lower the standard
of wages as evidently is already in thc thoughts of the employing
class, juding by the wages offered to some returned men already.
Oppose Industrial Conscription
A strong resolution was also passed reaffirming the position of organized Labor on the subject of industrial conscription, which indications arc will be brought on unless the working class demonstrates
active opposition and asserts a determination to resist any such imposition under thc pretense that the war has made it a necessity. As
Victor R. Midgley, business agent of the Trades and Labor council,
is now in Ottawa, attending a conference of Labor representatives
and the federal authorities, it was thought best to pass the resolution
opposing industrial conscription at once, so Bro. Midgley would have
some up-to-date protest to back him up at the conference. Por that
reason, the subject was specially brought up Monday afternoon. A
debate of length was held ou the subject, and it was viewed from its
various aspects. The fact that organized Labor took no drastic action upon the enforcement of man-power for military servioe was
severely criticized by some.
The subject of coolie labor from China, whioh has been agitating
the workers since The Fedorationist disclosed a nation-wide plot to
Hood the west with cheap Chinese lajior, was another subject which
was discussed in a most thorough manlier, before the convention
weiil on record as opposed lo I lie importation of cheap labor of any
description, Oriental or otherwise. The more recent news in the
doily press of a suggestion for the importation of negro lahor from
Jamaica was not overlooked, and was also a subject wliich came in
for much criticism, tlie speakers pointing out that the scheme was a
■follow-up of the lirst suggestions that the immigration bars be lowered lo permit a Hood of coolies to come in, which suggestion had
brought upon the heads of the federal govornment a storm of protest,
not alone from the west, but from all parts of Canada.
Not the least of the deliberations ol* the convention were on legislation of benefit to the working class, among which was a resolution
directed lo the provincial govornment pressing for the enactment of
n law to enforce generally a 44-hour week. Legislation of this character would go a long way toward minimizing disputes as to the
hours employers not compelled otherwise by Labor organizations,
force Iheir employees to put in.
Criticism for Provincial Government
The provincial government came in for considerable criticism for
its many failures and disregard of its pre-election pledges, not to
mention its failure to carry out some of the planks in its own platform. Though the speakers on behalf of tlie government candidates,
and the candidates themselves during their campaigns, had much lo
say about eompany towns, those pieces of lauds held by large corporations upon which to sel foot it is necessary to receive permission,
the govornment has taken no steps to open them. Non-enforcement
of the Factories Act by the attorney-general was another matter
which called for general criticism. Proportional representation
was a principle in the platform ol* the government party
whicli assisted it into office, yet, iu the face of this, they arc mooting
n proposal that Vancouver and Vietoria, which cities lend themselves
especially to carrying out the principles of proportional representation* he divided into separate constituencies in number as they are
1 entitled lo representation on the floor of the legislative assembly.
The convention called on the government for a proportional representation enactment.
Fifty   Representatives   of
Workers Participate
in Conference
Six Delegates From Western Provinces Included
in the Number
OTTAWA, Jan. 31.—(Special to
The Federationist,)—There are 50
representatives of Labor here attending the private conference
called by the Unionist government.
The proceedings are confidential.
We met the government representatives on Tuesday and again tonight, after holding conferences
among ourselves on Wednesday and
There aro six representatives
prosent from tho four western provinces, Midgley, Vancouver; Kinney,
Edmonton; Ross, Calgary; Futtee,
Bigg, Winnipeg; Chadwick, Fort
Most Pleasant Social Event
of Season at Eagle Hall
Last Saturday
Eagles' hall last Saturday night was
tlie sceno of a merry gathering under
the auspices of tho Patternmakers, who
were out iu force, with many of their
friends, and in tho gathering were a
number of visitors from Victoria, as
well as officials of other Vancouver
locals. A splendid programme of vocal
and instrumental inusic was rondered.
The toast list wnB especially excellent.
During tho evening Harry Nigktscales,
the business agent, was presented with
a beautif jl oak secretaire in recognition
of his past services te thc local.
Tho toast to tho "Patternmakers'
League of North America," was proposed by Duncan McCallum, and responded to by H. Nightsculos. "The
Ladies" wero proposed by It. C. Samson, and respondod to by Mrs. MeDougall. "The Visitors," was proposed by
J. Russell, and J. Yatos, of Victoria, responded. R. P. Pettipiece, "business
agont of the business agents' union,"
gnvo a short address. The chair was
occupied by Ray MeDougall. After conclusion of the banquet dancing was in
But in Canada They Are
Urging That Coolies Increase Production
Engineers Hereafter Will Hold Special
Educational Meetings Every
Iu Hue with the decision of the B.C.
F, of L. to cuter the political arena,
und to form a Labor party, the Stcnm
und Operating Engineers have decided
to hold a series of meetings for thc
purpose of giving the members an opportunity of discussing things political
and in general.   This is a feature which
no doubt will  be taken up hy other
Important Sessions of Both Locals on
Saturday Afternoon and Monday Night.
Local No. 777, machinists, will meet
! at 2.30 p.m. on   Saturday, tu   discuss
; agreements on tho 10 per cent, increase
in wages that lias been demanded, and
that is being paid in the United States,
and Local 720 will hold an open meeting on Monday night for the purpose
of making final arrangements to present
agreements   to   automobile employers.
Gordon J. Kelly and others will address
the meeting.
Myriads of Wild Mice and
Weather Prey on Australian Wheat
In Australia there is such u shortage
of ships that it is impossible to move
out the wheat crop.   Tho wheat is very
necessary for tho Allies, and, as there
are not ships enough to move it, and it
is being ruined, why all thc talk of hiring Chinese coolies for greuter production of wheat iu Canada?    However,
few persons take any stoek in the subterfuge of the big interests which are
urging the Dominion government to let
down the immigration bars to coolie
labor so they may increnso "production" in Canada.   What thoy want is
, to pluce cheap coolie labor iu industries .
! so that they may increase their already j
j bulging profits and reduce the standard ■
; of wages aad living to the whites.
i    The position thnt is developing in ;
■ Australia in regard to wheat is very *
■ seriojs, a Sydney.correspondent writes, j
i For three yenrs Australia has been pro-:
i ducing increasing quantities of wheat. j
t For three years the number of ships !
! available to carry that wheal to Britain ]
I has been steadily decreasing.   Yet Bri
tain has bought and paid for the great
or part of all the grain produced ini
! Australia.   That wheat today is lying.
1 in  huge  stacks  nil  over  New  South |
; Wales and Victoria.   Thero nre millions
Labor Party Will Complete
Work Already Begun in
East Kootenay
MICHEL, B.C., Jan. 21.—At a mass
meeting held here ou Sunday week, it I
was decided to organize a permanent
branch of the Labor party, our experi- \
ence in the late federal election having
taught us the necessity for organization. '
Earnest Efforts of Earnest
Men to Smooth the Path
That Labor Trods
Our candidnte, Thomas Biggs, made a 1 Comment: on Stair? Oratnrv
good showing under the circumstances, j ^omm*ni on ol»8e UllWirf
bnt wo ure not satisfied, and we will
k-eep going until something has been
Eleetion of officers resulted ns follows: President, H. Beard, secrotary of
local IT. M. W. of A.; vice-president,
Joe Mangles; secretary, D. Grundy.
We eurolled 25 members right .after
the meeting, and hnve enlisted several
since then.
and Stereotyped Phraseology
[By a Visitor.}
There wus once a parson who had
received "a call" which induced him ta
leave the church where he had loag
"ministered to the spiritual wants af
Wc want to thank you for the hearty ,the   peoplo,"    and    go    to    another
support of yonr great little paper, and
for the informntion we receive through
it every week from the other camps and
towns of East Kootcnny, as well as the
activties of the Labor movement all
over the province nnd the Dominion.
church, which offered a bigger salary. .
The time cume for him to preach hii
farewell sermon. This was a very cma-
tioual affair. Everybody except om i
man was in tears. "You do not Been
concerned?" somebody remarked ta
him. "No," ho replied, "I don't belong to this parish."
As an impartial obBervor I occupied -
a position of Bimilnr "aloofness" at
tho Labor convention on Wednesday
afternoon. I am not one of thc "idle
rich." If the' whole of the timber resources of British Columbia were ftr
le for $10 I should have to borrow U
I (\       *• e il     tt ii7-.il I b,l>' ei,0"£n for °- aMnglo, bo I am not a
'IJUeSUOn 01  the Hour, Will "capitalist."  I have no Victory bonds.
thn W     1 T  L- ' * muor -sometimes sixteen hours a day,
ine VVOrKerS IftKC 'but us I only use brain aud pen, and
ActlOll? :mt ^rnwn n,u^ mechanical tools, I am
an "outsider" so far as Lnbor is ce»-
A very noticeable feature of the B. 0. : corned.   And like the proverbial "out-
of tad*, of it, and it ia boing preyed ; Federation ot Labor convention wns the \ %£[*»ttaf owdtt ^
upon by^ynnds of m.ceand damaged pronounced   harmony   that   prevailed      My experience of "convention." i.
political field, if organized Labor js to
H; hold its own now and after the war.   A
Vancouver   Theatrical  Federation.
Following are the officers elected for
the year 1918: President, H. J. Bras-
field; vice-president, Chas. Rannie; secrotary, J. C, Lowden; treasurer, A. N.
Harrington; business agents, W. Tenney
(movie operators, G. Pilliphs (music-
inns), J. Pitman (stage employeos).
wo y<
accumulated wheat to Britain,
So far as tho new season's wheat
concerned there has been no official pronouncement, but it. is known positively ' ?!''   ,,    lX     ,  - ,     ,,        ., .,
that Britain has declined t/purehnsc > ^^i^^^0^  (,f ^
the new harvest,   the Imperial authori- ™1?™J snllur "ml th" f™1™  V01*'
ties have explained thnt thev have now     r"   ° * ''ol mon »M0» ,llilt Jj "**«*
more Australian wheat thu'u they can   'V     V    TTi™"™"'     V T'
Longshoremen's Dance on 12th.
Tho dance to be given by the Longshoremen's union, originally planned to
be held on February 6, will now be
held on February 12 inBtead. The committee in charge, G. Thomas, P. Sinclair and C, Muncie, announce, however, that all tickets sold for the original date will, of course, be accepted
for the postponed event. The dance
will be given at Lester Court, Davie
A special meeting of tbe
Building Trades Council will
be held ln room 208, Labor
Temple, on Feb. 5. Several
Important Items wararnt attendance of officers and delegates of all branches of tbe
nnil..*   ...mil...Kill    i.in-.u    [u.iii   iiu-v    mm | ,. ., .     -   .
ship, that Ihey can buy wheat in Can*!  .,","m ,m!"> ,*l'*(: 'l'1 !l v'*'*v "'l'"'
tula ami thc Argentine an readily its in
(ion—"extensive anil peculiar." The
Labor convention now sitting in Vancouver struck mc as being composed ef
men of more than average intelligence;
men ot" ability which deserves training
and '' culture." Mon are influenced by
their environment. In Oauadu men are
content to meet in rooms with bare
whitewashed walls, destitute of picture.
I tive committee of Labor to work with I or ornament.   They mean business, hat
stop in the right direction was mndo
Australia, and that her limited ships
ean visit those countries twice or thrice .     , ,,    .      , .        . .        ....
while thev ore visiting Australia once. ] °" ? t"° w , w!!,U lm, p?8ltl,0n lv,nJi°
The position is receiving the most ur- ''lW',\T'^ ."*? *"""! d,"rl,lm; I" "'V
geat attention ot the state and tho <**«0W but trllc „aymg is well exempli*
federal guverntnonts. I M ™ ..".I "**lury to ouo " ,h; c0":
one chosen by the Great War Veterans j they "get there," but oratory loses ae*
Association.   Thc   soldier  understands thing, but gains a good deal from grace
"'■■'' '** :,: :" '•"  nad polish, and many of tbe speeches I
beard would have been shorter, men*
effective, and bave loft an irapressiM
worth retaining had they had eome re*
The New South Wules State govern-
But tlie building of silos is a huge
dot-taking, and they can not bc readyi T  ,      .... , ,  ,
before thc 1918*19 harvest.   Meanwhile LwS'       •!»? province tormulatcd
the precious grain of the 1917*18 hnr-  platform, which it was thought a! tin
vest is beginning to flow in.    All  tho   .tira°.!la8 Wmi ".I""1' "'"" ».'. K**".*.**"'.P**
stores are full, and there are not snfti- j*
cient sucks to go round
ecru of all."   No doubt the political gard to manner as well as matter. Brit-
! The last occasion when all sections of
To Reduce Price of The Federationist
The B. C. Federationist, the official newspaper of the working class,
was highly complimented in the report of the executive committee,
and a proposal for the enlargement of the paper and its influence
was made, and carried. This, in brief, was that a referendum be
taken on the subject of raising the per capita tax so that every affiliated member of the Federation would receive the paper, giving it a
circulation of more than 20,000 copies among member's of organized
Labor, thus making it possible to be published considerably more
cheaply, and turn out a larger paper for propaganda work whicli by
reason of the entry of organized labor into the political arena makes
a working class newspaper a very necessary factor for success. If
the referendum is in favor of the proposal, it will give every member
of organized Labor affiliated with the Federation a year's subscription for 60 cents, whereas, under thc present system, a year's subscription to unions subscribing in a body is $1 a year.
Among matters to which the convention devoted considerable
time, and the debate on which showed the subjects had been given
deep study by thc speakers, was state control ol' medical and dental
practice. In this connection it was pointed out that under the present system the working man gets decidedly the worst of it, and the
lower his condition Ihe worse it is for him. A resolution on tbis was
favored practically unanimously.
That the government should carry its sanitary inspection into
the shipyards of Vancouver was thc sense of a resolution which developed a discussion which would not have sounded pleasing to tlie
head of the provincial health department, nor, indeed, to the pro-
vincial governmont.
Considerable attention was paid to metalliferous mining, and
resolutions calling on the government to make mining safer were
passed. In the discussion the notorious "widow maker" drill eame
in for attention from the speakers. Wash bouses ol' a sanitary nature
for employees will become compulsory if the provincial legislature
looks with favor on the desires of the working class, as will also tie-
cent sleeping accommodations.
Another resolution, in whicli everybody is deeply interested,
urged the payment of wages by cash instead of cheque, it being
pointed out during the discussion that there is considerable difficulty
at times in cashing cheques, and it is frequently the case that it is
hard to get them cashed without having to make a purchase to do so.
Furthermore, in this connection an interesting resolution called for
legislative enactment to prohibit deductions from wages in company
towns, as well as in incorporated districts.
Mothers pensions, minimum wage for working women, and equal
pay for women who do equal work with men, were resolutions which
passed without much discussion.
Among the public men who addressed the oonvention were James
11. Hawthornthwaite, the Labor monitor for Newcastle district in tho
provincial legislature, who was successful in the by-election over lite
government-backed candidate, by a majority of more than two to one.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite, by the way, is the only representative the
.vorking class voters now have in thc legislature.
J. D. McNiven, newly-appointed deputy minister of Labor; T. U.
Bulger, the fair-wage officer, and Mayor li. 11. Gale of Vancouver
also addressed thc convention.
Duncan McCallum was the choice of the convention for president
for the ensuing year, succeeding Joseph Naylor. A. S. Wells, the
hard-working and efficient secretary-treasurer, has given such satisfactory service that he had no opposition when placed iu nomination
for that position again, and his salary was "sweetened" in further
recognition of his work and the additional dutieB wliich he will have
durinf this year.
The oonvention city selected for 1919 was Victoria, wliich defeated
Vanoouver by a large majority.
in 1903.   Then all went well until the
Socialists broke away and formed a
j party of their own, when the Provincial
Progressive party, after a brief but
i strenuous life, gavo up the ghost,   it is
to be hoped that on this occasion if any
i definite political progrulnme will be do*
j cideil upon, that all will join hands nnd
give it a fair trial. This one point
mpressed up*
the ilelibera*
Referendum  on Strike.
A referendum vote ef the unions aftil-
iatcd with the Metal Trades Council is
being tnken oa the question of cnlling a
general strike in shipyards and contract
shops on account of 'the refusal of the I [Q j," UM a„a
Munitions Board to apply locally (he 10        thos(. t {, ■
per ceat   increase ,a  wages agreed oil L,       ,e„di      ,£.',,   ,h izatiun
by the W S Adjustmon Beard H- o£ a new political party, namely, that a
P. Butchttrt, chairman of the Munitions ,. ,/. J_ , £ ma/'prevail.
?.°"r.l!'..1t"!!™ }}.". P°?i"°,n ""'.L'10,1" I No man or body of men can expect to
have things nil their own wuy if tiny
progress  musl   bo  mndo.    A   working'
per cent, iticroasc is in thc nature of a
war bonus, and not an increase ii
wages under the decision of ilu< ud
justiiuMit bourd.
i pnrty is
British Colum-
Back From N. W. Conference.
Closer affiliation between the structural ironworkers organizations of the
northwest was determined upon nt tlie
Northwest district conference in Seattle, which was in session from Monday
to Wednesday. There were seven locals
represented, and among the decisions
arrived at was a uniform rnte of wages
and working conditions throughout the
district. This is according to the roport
of Hoy Mass
Local No, i»7 at th
Ironsides, who represented No. 156.
Lieut. Eller Denies That $10 a Head for
Conscripts Is Paid to Men
in Khaki
That the military authorities placo a
price of $10 a head on conscripts who
who    represented I havo not reported, or who roport once
conforonco, and W.  and don't show up again, is admitted
Wrongly Informed.
The information ia The Fedoration
ist re tlie steamer Alaska as tu tht*
number of lives lost during construction, wliich was given by one of the
business agents, last week, is stated to
have been incorrect.
'by Liout.#EHor, provost marshal,   Th
reward is 'ottered to civil policemen.   A
report has been going uround that this
offer of $lt) may be taken advantage
of, also bv eulisl'ed men in the military i [""orent   manner,
service,   and   The   Federationist   last I th« orona of politics
fellow," -etc., repeated with damnable
iteration. And that stereotyped "I
thank you," ttt the close of a peroration—whnt an nnti-climax! But aftar
all the argument is tho thing, just m
"the plav's the thing." according tt
A good many years ngo I heard «•
of the greatest Socialists the world hu
known declare "The whole system •/
the world would be Socialism today if
it had not been hindered by the Socialists." Thc Socialist "hunch" (I ijm
thc colloquial phrase I heard so fre
fuently— and with ae want »f respect)
showed as much logie as the youflf
housewife: "Oh, Charles, this stove
saves QO per cent, of coal—that mean
half; lot's huve two stoves and sare
ALL the coal!"
"Get ready for thc soeial revolution
—it's coming." Of course it is. The
Hebrew laborers in the Rgyptian brick
fields said so, but it was Moses, the
| legislator, who took them eut of the
land of bondage. Tbat speech of "Com
rade" Goodwin was deadly in earnest;
it did not lack force, powor or intelligence. It was nearly ruined by hia
not knowing how to "produce" his
voice, but whnt did it a*ount tot A
Niagara torrent of sueh oratory would
only be like th« weak ehifet to the
thirsty farmers. You cannot get aaf
"forrader" with it. My dear comrade,
you must make use of tho legislative
machinery we possess and get what m-
fonns and betterments we can—alwayi
striving after the "ideal" systoia
whicli every Socialist idealizes—in a
Labor will enter
Labor hns dose
The lateness of p,ib:
issue was doe to the b
lags of the eonvention.
was oxpectod.   ETowovo
could not be held bud:
a I ii
..i- ihi-.
week drew attention to it in relating
the waterfront Incident on which occasion tho manner in which the c<
hunters were going about thoi
nearly caused a labor disli
Lieut. Eller, however, gives the assurance that the reward is not paid to mea
ia khaki.
r work,
Kr.NDAY, Feb. 3—Moving Picture Operators, Bartenders, Sew
Filers Association.
JIONDAV, Feb. 1—Pattornmnk-
ere, Boilorinakors, Ktenai Ku*
■jlnccrs, Electrical Workers,
.Machinists No. 720. Tailor's.
TUESDAY. Feb. B—Shoo Workors, Butchers und .Meal Cutl'iv.
Cignrtnnkors. ilnllu'ay Firemen,
Rotnil Clorks.
\Vi,i)NEW)AY , Feb. 0— Press
Feeders, Plasterers, Teamsters
und ChaulTeul'S, Tile Layers.
.Metal Trades Council, Urcivcv
Tlll'HSliAY, Feb. 7—Trades end
Labor Council, Garment Work*
FU1DAY, Fell, f -Pile Drlvors
and Wooden Brldfjobuildors,
Shipyard l.aborcri*. Plumliors,
.Mill' nnd Factory Workers,
United Warehousemen 'h Association.
with the
this WOOl
ports the
lieea so
there has
Shortago of Walters.
ie\v houses signed ngreemt
Cooks. Wniters *  Waltro!
Secretary W. Mackenzie re. joth(,r    u)jor
demnnd for union waiters has!,.,,     ,. ..   „
1  !.._•_-    *1.„     1.     tl.nl X,li      Wt Vl    **(.<
during the
flieulty i
week  that
■otiiig t
1 so, and lln* mil of labor b-gislators in
! aa honorable one, Thoy have> a record
| of   achievement.   If some people   had
their way they would walk about »■
; darkness until they could get the mooa
i for  the  front   parlor,    They  wo,ild ga
naked Until ready-made pants grew ta
i trees, and they tan have free pickiag.
! It must be forgiven mo if I am ia a
! eriti'-al mood, but, as the French Bay,
"it is to laugh" to hear some mna'i
i Impractical arguments.   There has beta
an election.   MeVety and Midgley aal
candidates were "up,"
lerationist supporting thi
Moving Picture Operators.
Local US has elected tho following
oflieers for the year 1918: Prosidont, .1.
R. Foster; vice-president, W. Tenney;
secretary and treasurer, A. O. Hansen;
business agent, ,T. C. LaChance; mem-
ber-at-large, Hay H, Hanson; sergeant-
at-arms, llObt, I). Freeman; recording jst
secretary, Edw, Hornby; trustees, C. B.
Stears (chairman), B. Hornby, It. (i.
Pollock; delegates Trades and Labor
Council, A. O. Hansen, W. Clnytonj delegates Vancouver Theatrical Federation, W. Tenney, E. Hornby, J. 0, Lowden; delegate B, 0. Federation of Labor convention, A. (>.   Hansen.
Tonight's Mass Meeting,
Tlie Minimum Wngo League held a
rousing mass meeting tonight in the Labor temple. A. S. Wells, Mrs. Clark,
Mrs. Ralph Smith, M, L. A.-eleet, and .1.
It. Hawthornthwaite, _\. L. A.-elect, delivered addresses, which were all well
received, as was shown by tho liberal
applauBp. The speakers approved of
the proposed minimum wage fur girls
and women. Mr. Hawthornthwaite predicted tho passage of a bill favorable
to tlie proposition. Miss Gutteridge
made  an efficient chairwoman,
Labor candidate-*, of oonnb. Name af
the Labor men positively objected t*
the Federationist putting "the other
side's" advertisements in the Federationist. Why, gentlemen, the first prta-
eiple of a campaign is lhat you miit
"live off the enemy." Here yau wera
getting your opponents to flnd yon tha
sinews of war. You were making thaat
pay for your propaganda. At the sum
time you were spreading the "cnpital-
" platform in an organ in whicli yea
could demolish if on sight. I thought
that "capitalism" was "o monster <*f
such hideous mien that to be hated it
needs but to be seen." Snme of tk«
Labor met) think that, if capital, by t\4-
vertiselnent—and paid advertisement—
docs but show its face, that the working men will "pity and then embrace."
Well, then their convictions are nat
very deep to bo taken in with snot
"capitalist camouflage." But apart
from tho moro monetary side, there li
an ethical view of the matter, nnd a
view from the point of cipodiency. Th«
newspaper is in duty bound lo pret^at
both sides, and fin th* othor aide %
show. It is right, aad #iae*ent, that
the Lahor temple aheuld iwu«times ha
aa aata forum, aid «v*a lha tapitaliai
clasa ahould have an opportunity ta
state their cn»e. T hm» vcen tho birth
aad death of Lab« aaperp galore, lha
(Contiaaed tn Page 9) Bonworth Wool
for Soldier Comforts
Offered at $2.75 a Lb.
The commandeering by the British Government of thc output of thc famous Bonworth mills will naturally effect a
shortage of thia much-wanted yarn for soldiers' sox and comforts—but wc are glad to announce thc incoming of
and while it lasts we offer it to our patrons at the very low
price of, per pound, $2.75.
See Window Display
Ml^Bttdson'sBauCornpanjj. M
_t a   _J      - tnaamsatta   iota      wwwt a aaaatgot. ttarnao eamvajmn    _      .       \ ^~\  '
Granville and Georgia Streets
soi sommox builddio
Ufa trr seymoub 2354 foe appointment
f Neit week I will briefly describe the latest and what
premises to ke the most perfect filling material for teeth
yet km»w».
fl Write k tlie Bast last month, I became conversant with
this, eai it is only right that the readers of The Federa-
tienuit should hare some idea of a matter, which effects so
many tf tkem physically and financially.
P. S-—See my letter to the editor oa the "Bolsheviki of Russia."
Seattle vs. Vancouver
(World's Champions)
8:30 p. m.
Entire Balcony Unreserved, 55c; boys, 25c.
Reserve Seats, 80c.   Promenade, $1.10.
Box Seats, $1,25.        These prices include tax.
Reserve seats now on sale at Grotto Cigar Store,
622 GranviHe street.   Seymour 2342.
•f tlio ttraat opening of Vancouver's swellest dining establishment
Orpheum Cafe Annex
Formerly Hotel Castle Dining Room
Mew sn4 elegant dee-tratlnnN, nlso a fine new dancing floor with milfiir imrl Hnti.it.fi
(bnt no ringing), from 6 to 8 p.m. nnd 10 to 12:1)0 p.m., wliich will appeal .<> rhe
mont refined.   A place nt amusement and dining room for nice people.
Our lunch trtm  \t to 2 is lomothlng io be  remembered with  gratitude and
Jas, P. Dwyer, Prop.
Editor t'ederationint:—The greatest single
event of this century, nnd probably of all
history, is the Hnssian revolution, and this
is of utmost importance to the revolutionary
Socialist and working class in goneral.
Two weeks ago i secured at the head-
quarters of the Socialist party in Philadelphia a copy of thc People's Press, the Socialist organ of that city, two articles on
the ttolehovlki which probably gives us tho
mont vital facts regarding that proletarian
revolt. One of these is hy Nicholas Lenine,
the prime minister of Russia; the other is
hy Colonel Charles W. Wood, millionaire, ot
Wall street, and was published first in tho
New York World.
Lenino says: "Russia's primary and only
real problem is the victory of the Bolsheviki
element ovor imperialism and the exploitation of thn people.
"Even Russians imagine there is n clear-
cut opposition betweon the bourgeois, or
propertied and educated class, and tho Social-
Democrats, representing the toiling masses.
That view is untrue.
"Russian Social-Democrats are not a homogeneous  factor of opposition to capitalism.
"A great part of our Social-Democratic
party does not represent the toiler. While
professing Socialism and trying to keep In
touch with the Bolsheviks, many have made
a half-hearted and shame-faced pact with
imperialism and the bourgeoisie.
"Tho one Russian party which Is uncompromising in its opposition to all forms of
exploitation is tho Dolsheviki party.
"There aro four clearly defined Russian
parties," ssys Lenine. "Russia hss a party
of extreme reactionaries. These are muM.y
land-owner.*, and some are retrograde members of the middle dans. They stand for
the restoration ef the monarchy.
The Bolsheviki and the X-abor Party of •katchewan don't. That is, not down to their
feet anyway. The mon wrap themselves in
their furs and go about with icicles hanging
from their moustachios like walruses.
If any city man gets the notion that
prairie farmers are overpaid with wheat at
$2 a bushel, he ought to ho forced to spend
a winter out here. Besides many of them
only figure on a crop onco out of three years.
One man told me ho had only got one good
crop in live years. The fanner Is realizing
that he is a wago slave, and is beginning to
feel the necessity of linking up with the industrial workers.'
And the hotel service in Saskatchewan, as
I happened to strike it, was wretched. In
lho towns 1 stopped at, namely, Weldon
and Scotsguard, thero is no accommodation
at all. If it had not been for friends I would
havo farod ill. At Tisdalo there is a hotel,
or rather a stopping plnco. The hotol is
dirty, and while the mercury registered 80
degrees below Hero I was served with cold
tea, cold bacon and canned milk. There
happened to be a Chinese restaurant In town,
no for tho rest of my meals I avoided the
"white peril" and chose tho yellow. In the
Prince Albert hotel there was an orchestra
in the dining-room and no soap in the bedroom, and no boll to ring for any. At Regina
there was no water in tho bedroom. I know
Saskatchewan was dry, but I didn't know it
was bona dry. There Is a scarcity of water,
nnd the people who cut out the booso now
are on short rations of water.
Thero is one thing, however, they don't
overlook, snd that Is tho tariff.
When profit is eliminated and the good of
the people is the ehicf issue, we shall arrange
things differently.
Everywhere I found the people awakening to the fact that capitalism isn't working
very well theae days, and that our shortsighted government is allowing their country to drift towards chaos and revolution.
They are for a standing army and for i And their hirelings ask enlightened people if
war, for they proflt by war. Thoy opposed j they have registered'
the publication of the secrets of spoliation
made betweea ex-Czar Nicholas and the Allies, nnd they are annexationists.
"The Bolsheviki demand that the people
should immediately take possession of banks,
industries and other great aggregations of
capita). For this the people are naturally
opposed by tho reactionaries.
"The second group," Lenine tells us, "is
the Liberal party, consisting of Cadets. This
consists nlso of the industrial gronp of the
National Democrats. In nearly all nurstions
the Liberals agree with the reactionaries,
•nly they saw that Russia would not tolerate
cuarism in any form, no they declared themselves Republicans.
"The 'Tame Socialists' party Is the third
division. This is the moderate Socialist
party. (It has its counterpart in the U. 8.,
Oannda and elsewhere.)
"It does not represent tbe toiling masses,
but prosperous peasants, petty traders nnd
even fairly lnrge capitalists, and a certain
number of real proletarians who hsve been
caught by this bourgeois net.
"This party professes to share the Bolsheviki views, only differing from them in
tactics, but when it comes lo the test the
•Tame Socialist' alwaya follows the imperialist lead. They were the followers of Ker-
ensky, and claim that the conncil of workmon and soldiers would 'lend to anarchy.'
They stand for the Socialist International,
but they oscillate backward and forward between patriotism of a nationalist type and
the genuine Bolsheviki International."
Against these parlies, briefly described,
stand the Bolsheviks.
"They nre a Communist party, representing flrst the dny laborer and nil class-con-
scions workers, anil finnlly the landless, or
nearly  landless,  peasnuts.
"These stand for immediate Socialism,
and their notion of Socialism Is It republic
ruled by the council of workmen's, soldiers'
and  peasants deputies.
should smile I
A  Voice  from  Cook   County  Jail.
Editor B. C. Federationist and Workers af
B. C.:—Well, boys, I see by the able paper
which so nobly stands up for Labor's cause
in B. C., that you are still hammering at
those autocratic, flag-waving demons, and
making them sit up and take notice. Labor
is doing the snme thing all over tho world,
that is the reason this letter is being written
in one of the homes they have had Labor
erect for itsolf and those plutea to manage.
No truer bunch of union men ever lived than
is confined here with a trumped-up charge
of "Seditious Conspiracy" placed against
them, when the only crime thoy are guilty
of is that of being loyal to their class (the
working class). ■ It would have done your
hearts good to havo heard 100 of us step up
to the judge on December 15 last and plead
"not guilty" to their damnable trumped-up
It is the duty of every worker to bo up and
doing, and see that evory man working alongside of him is organized.
Let us get away from thoso capitalist politicians, who never intend to do anything for
You surely must remember the first time
the great Bowser was running for the Victoria house, and a mass meeting was being
held  in   the eity hall on  Main    street, and |r»_     .      „ ,   ,      ,   ,        ,
when a Labor candidate went on the platform Premier Brewster led a forlorn hope in
Is Ignominiously Routed in
Spite of Mud Barrage
and Stink Bombs
Some  Incidents Grotesque
and Otherwise of Late
[By Walter Head.]
30.—The by-election in tho Newcastle
riding has at last become history, and
James H. Hawthornthwaite, after a bitter flght, in which mud was thrown indiscriminately by Browfitor's professional mud-slingers, has beon elected by
a handsome majority at all polling
booths, Ho after all the people of Newcastle district aro to be congratulated.
The vote cast was 917 to 467, in favor
of Hawthornthwaite. Cav(e)in did not
quite lose his deposit. South Wellington was so happy over the result that
they held a celebration on Saturday
last, which lasted into the wee sma'
hours. Tour correspondent was unfortunately prevented from attending owing to the fact that he had to leave to
attend the convention on Saturday
Tho chair was taken by Mr. Joseph
Bateman, secretary of Local 872, who,
in a few well chosen remarks, expressed the pleasure that all felt at he election of James H. Hawthornthwaite to
the provincial gas house. James H.
Hawthornthwaite replied ' briefly, and
spoke of some of the despicable tactics
used in trying to keep him out of the
The evening nnd part of the next
day were taken up by an impromptu
concert and dance, and if reports are
correct if Jim can't make any better
job at legislating than he did at dancing then it's good night. A goodly
crowd turned up from Ladysmith, and
all told upwards of 200 pooplo took
part in the celebration.
Brewster's Forlorn Hope
On the night before   the    eleetion
La««!LbielnR. in1ted toi?° R0\ '» JrTK* tlie   °PGra   house   at   Ladysmith, but
stepped in tho wing and lurned off tho lights r J '
nnd then kicked the speaker in the leg.        jHawthornthwnite,   ably    assisted    bv
And how he called on yon all in tho fac- Sandy Watchman, wns enabled fo bring
tones and plnces where yon worked, solicit- Lt,-,,*- fln„i-;„„ „,„„„„„ -.* , i i „„:*«
ing votes for himself. Vou remember his in,bn,lt n flanking movement, nnd despite
promises. You thought nfter he left you tho camouflage of the Browster forces
that you would require tm extension put ;accomplished fhe utter defeat of Sartax
on your dinner buckets to carry the oxtra Brewster nnd his satellites It mnv he
sandwiches you would have, when in reality D™«,Btor ""." ai_\ MWUltW. ir mtti l)C
•"'Thev' intend 'to prepare over two hundred ] the  only   promise  ho  ever  fulfilled  wns  that . I""U In passing that roillforoFllicnts llp-
million Russians for government by councils ho bad Joe Russell fired from the polico pearod in tho shape nf Pat Donnelly,
of deputies. !KC° fe.l !?Vn ?n?orvfttlv °,Jnt In who assisted in the-retiring movement
"The  Bokhev k   oiino-es  stand ne arm es.   his place,    .lust as  if it made any difierence ■    «   ,,      ,, ,        „ .H1T       ,     .,    ,
but "for in! nmodTrc.lot.rui "It. pro*! t" >'<•*• <*> told you to ,,„■• -/line or .Jof the Brewster forcos. How's timt
gramme l» to arm immediately nnd tinver j ■" tlu> calaboose for six months. In the Unit- :IOr a military victory?) The audience
sally the people to fight the class wnr ngninst ed Statos the workers have come to the con- ! were shown by the house records how
Ihe world's     exploiter,.    The  Bnlsttevlki  Is   dUB on    lint   organisation   is   the   most   ffl-   B .      ,    , '    ,   ,  ._-;_.  j ftv      iflff>
attains! nny form of annotation scntial thing needed, nnd are busy in the in-   . ,u .*        m,u Mm(1 ng'ii'isr   Minor iuj
""The  Bolsheviki  Hag  is  red.    Bed  Is Ut<D j (tllstrlOB     talking    unionism    and    educating   lslation.    Browster denied  tins, but  tho
real Socialist color, the oilll
mi tional revolution which i.
(!l,Irl.V\\'^ "union'^Tvor UVS jinoxactitude. The last term sounds bef
who derived bis views of Russia not from always spelled open shop. It is true by tor, nnd no doubt mnv meet with the
the "kepi press of plutocracy,'; but from n \ «<J Egj» ^ ^J^rc  btlnT fflly  nm"   ,lPPrtlvnl  of 0lir  friM   Sanson  of the
but still we defy them and say "wo Englnoors' Union,   The audience were
ou not," sn oni'vijjise goes to,prove, \Ve  shown   how   0   11CW   polling  booth   was
irinn     '■'•■:  "■ -   ■    - -
B   red.      Hi1,1   Is   tllO I «■">*■*■"-■'       uumiiij       uiii.uiisjii     mm     i-mmum,;    .d«h»uui      "lunoin   iinuiu   nun,   mil    niu
mblcm of the inter- | themselves as to their needs.    We have come   pure nild   saintly  OI10 was proved  lo be
is now being milled to comply with the regulations of the
Canadian food controller
It is milled from the same grade of wheat that was used
before the institution of the new regulations.
There is no admixture of other grains whatever.
It will remain as before, THE HIGHEST GRADE OF
It will be found equal to the original ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR in digestive qualities and will make a loaf
quite as sweet and wholesome and of a delicious nutty taste.
Look for This
The "Circle V"
Why do teeth ache?
Nine times out of ten—because they have not been given prefer
»PHE reader wha has toothache periodically envies the person with sand
■■■teeth which "never give any bother." That person is enjoying the rawer*
ofgiving attention to thc teeth—just that, and no more.
VOU ean have that same security, comfort nnd nnjoyment. Attend ta yatr
* teeth—have them examined by a dentist—havo defects remedied btfttw
they reach an acute stage.
I wlU tell you whettar
I will also tak
CaU at my office and let me examine your teeth.
there Is any condition there which la linblo to cauae you trouble,
you how such a condition should be rtnedul
X-Bay films taken If necessary; 10-year guarantees
Examinations   made    on
phone appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
(102 Hastings Street West, Cor. Soymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Daily
Ke says
.til.--.il.   Is
in to jails,  and  snmo are   being   foully   niur-
jderod,  ' " ■ '    " '
fear j
| are Mill going tn cmiTW hittiriff Ihe bossjcreate^   ^ust before" the eleclion, nnd
'in tln> tondorcsl spot  no is   known to navel, tt '' .,       ,,      .. '    ,,
I—his pocket-book—until the bull cook blows I now    riavthornthwnitp    WftS    soundly
whistle for him to go to work.
Wishing you every success, I remain,
Yours for Ours,
Ohicngn,  III., Jnn. 2H, 1018.
ix months' sojourn in Russia
"Russia is not anarchistic,
lawless. The deposed Bolsheviki are not.
nnd never hnve been, pro-Uenuiin. and the
attitudo of (lie American press In falling to
understand tbem lias tended to aid Ihe
kaiser's cause, The fact is that Russia hns
been under Ihe leadership for several
months of the most radical Socialist group,
but this is neither unnatural nor n thing
lo provoke despair. It simply menns lliat
Russia is pointing Ihe way lownrd a new
order of society throughout the world, n
lamer freedom, a more complete equality■
nnd what I believe to be a purer democracy
Mian the world has ever known before.
"The renl prn-Oorinnn in Russia," snid
Colonel Wood, "is not found among the
masses of workers; he is found among the
respectable capitalists und landlords who
have been loudest in their cry thnt 'Lenine
and Trotsky were German spi'
■■It is
Kerens! .
Not more I him 50 persons were killed, I am . tho fuc, U]flt pt)Vpr,y |N |)of R blessing, and
M"*''; t     ..     hii     ii t H *,• it     i ,hlU anything that is morally rotten In Crilo-
"1 must say for the Bolsheviki timt they   r„do  cnn   n(),   be  8pir|tnally   right   in   New
eo of   y/ork,  pulpit-pounders  to  the  contrary not-
' withstanding.    I am a  firm believer in the
nv,'r* j doctrine of the Carpenter of Nasareth, ns lie
preached   them
I cursed in the most approved style
'when he took the mntter ,ip with the
.nttorney-generrtl's department. According* to Ihe description of the meet ing
- — |by members of the ruidiencc, n very on-
"Yankee Agitator" Appreciates the Ted. joynble evening wns spent, nnd instend
Editor B, 0. Federationist; A wnrd of ap-1of cheers being given for Browster,
preciation for tho most welcome weekly vial- when called for. thev were given for
tor to my home, The Fedorationist. As in n n. •. 4* • . .•
real Labor paper It sure tills the bill As an Hawthornthwaite. An interesting eon-
instrument of education I hnven't found iif, elusion can be drawn from the result
equal, nnd I have read several, it is my t0f the vote due to the fact thnt out of
humble opinion thai the remedy for any nnd ' „.(„ _f 017 fnr. u.i«.+i,«•.■*.fi.™.n.**,i ,,n*
all unreasonable conditions is education, and ia vote of CiJ for Hawthornthwaite, not
.r  .      ■.!«« /- ...1 not P»"tics.   if I place a dish of ice eream more than 2,30 union men's votes could
kv ti "LttiS 1^irtWSfeto^y,^V1,,l,^to?l,l, be ewmtadi fihfwinS the necessity of
■k,   10  Linn,   ,u chaos or chll war.) Th0 workmm of ,0[|ny ,„ „,,„„„ „,„ ({1 cons,d()ring'the lflr^ ^^ Qf ^
outside the trade union movement when
considering the formation of a working
clnss political party, for it must be understood thnt there arc thousands of
[voters who are not eligible for member-
I ship in nny trnde union. Il is to be
hoped nt this time thnt sueh a party
will be snee.essf.illv luunehed, und dep-
,pite the gloomy foreboding nf pome of
.our extremely scientific socinlisls, will
I succeed in fulfilling a long felt wtinl.
I Unfortunatoly, your correspondent is of
I the sloppy variety of socinlist. I am
unpopular, purchased, patriotic and bunco content to take a position not too fnr
victories and elections, ns Cnnndn has wit   ahead of tho procession.   T nrdentlv ad-
nessed in the par.), three yenrs, it is certninly .^j,.    fh(J g,  p_  nf C   ;„  ,hfl „QQf] '   ork
a  relief to  find  one eonslltueiicy   thnt  eould   ,, -  .       .   .    «       ,, -    _P ,
size up the piffle at its proper value.   Haw- tbey are doing m educating the workers
tlinrnihwnite, if you will allow an outsider. 1 to their clnss position in society, nnd T
judging only by ihe yelps which our enemies !miliKr that onlv through education will
put up about nun, will lie tbe biggest man In '
the   eyes   of   British   Columbia   within   Iwo
maintained a most surprising tlegi
order in Russia,
"At  no   time    since   tbe   cznr was
thrown  has there  been nnything tor a singli
('npitnl $16,000,000 Rest 513,600,000
A savings account will assist you in thc patriotic and personal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interest nt current rates, and welcomes small as well as large
■ French revolution,
wrongs  endnn
by   the :
loiuent lik
"Con sido
Russians.    A working man in llustta
sidered  rib better thnn a dug,  then  suddenly
IPO millions of downtrodden  human beings
found   themselves   possessing   nbsolute   freedom, and there were 10 millions under arms.
"1 sincerely believe tbnt Russia Is pointing the way to a general pence, just as she
is pninling the wny to great world changes.
It is not in Uussia nlone thai the old order
is passing; there is n lot of the old order In
America thai is going loo. Tbe lime has
come everywhere when iiffuil'fl mtlut be bundled tor the benefit of tlie mnny. Wben I
wn tolled those democratic conclaves in Uussia I felt I would welcome n similnr scene
in the U.S."
It would be well if some of tiur local
editors also expressed Iheir views of the
Russian revolutionists from n knowledge of
facts, instend of Ihuir views being lint the
reflection nf that class of exploiters which
lias muoh reason to hate and fear the Ho] he-
vlki not only to Russia but of this land nlso,
■"The time is ripe nnd rotten rljw for
VV,  .1.  ITKItV.
Please send ten snh cards.
Tided.).   Ohio,  Jen,  _\\   101R.
I'  This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAOLBT & BON8, 151 Hastings Street „ „ Beymour 81(1
IBLOOHBKBGKB, V. B., 819 Broadway Eaet „ _ Fairmont 203
BRAND W„ 689 Pender Street WoBt Seymour 2578
B O PBINTINO & LITHO. CO., Smythc and Homer Seymour 8233
OltABKE'£ HTOART, 320 Soymour Street Seymour 3
COWAN &  BROOKHOUSE,  Labor Temple  Building Heymour  4400
DUNHHUIB PRINTING CO., 487 Dunsmuir Street Seymour 1100
EVANS St HASTINOS, Arts und Crafts Bldg,, Seymour Stroot Seymour 50.riO
JEKPBRY, W. A., 2108 Parker Stroet Highland  1137
t       KERSHAW,  i.  A.,  fi39 Howe Street Seymour 8674
LATTA, R. P., 383 Gore Avenue SoymoUf 1039
MAIN  PRINTING   CO.,   3851   Main   Stroot Fairmont   1088
McLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N.   Van.   53
NORTH  SHORE  PRESS.  North  Vancouver N.  Van.  80
PACIFIC PRINTERS.  World  Building Seymour 9.192
ROEDDE, G. A.,  010 Homer Street Soymonr  284
SCANDINAVIAN POBLISHIN0 CO.. 317 Oamblo Street Sevinonr 6500
SUN JOB PRESSES.  137 Pender Stnet Soymour 41
THE TRIBUNE,  Homer Stroot Seymour  470
TEtfHNIOAk PRESS. 500 Beatty -Stnet Hoyin* ir 3825
TIMMS,  A. H., 230  Fourteenth  Avenue  East Fairmont  02]R
WARD. ELLWOOD & POUND, 818 Homer Street  Seymour 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 331 DunM.mlr Stroet Seymour 3520
WHITH It BINDON, S28 Ponder Street West Seymour  1214
Writo "Union Label" on Your Copy when You Sond It to the Printer
Fighting for Hla  Country.
Kdilor B.C. Fedornlinim : -Have ;n>t finished a  campaign  in  Saskatchewan  for ihe
S.ieinlisl-niiiK.enit party.    Have 1 n »it tin
confines of elvlllzntion, lu fact 1 have been
over the top, north of the Prinoe Al1,. .1 line,
.The N. W. M. Police are rounding up Ihe
Ulnrkerc villi vrry poor siier«s. I li uni
(litre wns n bunch up m Big ItlViT .umber
enmp. Some police went out lo ling tbem,
and returned empty, threatening lo send
PoldierH. I heard lbe men were armed nnd
wouldn't  "eowe."
Ono of tho "spotters" stopped tne In the
station at Regina, and aiked me if I had registered. 1 said "Yen. nt the Ofnwn hotel."
He snid: "Yon don't (jet ,me." "No," I
replied, and yon don't get me either; I'm
•vor aite."
"You look fit anyway." be went on. "You
ought to be fighting for yonr country."
"So I am," I announced.
"But yon ain't in kbnkl."
"Row look here," I said, "don't you
know that a man can fight for bin country
il civilian clothes t ln fnct the boys in
khaki, I understand, nre lighting fnr Belgium.    Isn't thnt so!"
"Well, in a way ll Is." he replied. "We
ought to fight for Belgium, otigbn't we!"
"Say. partner." 1 snld, "I don't think
you ijuite understand my post .<*n.
"Now, I have a piece of country in British
Columbia, about 10 acres of it. The Oer-
mnns have got a mortgage on Belgium, nnd
the capitalists hnve a mortgage on my conn-
try—that is. my 10 acres—seel
"Now. If t get Into khaki T can't iftVO
enough out of $1,10 lo keep my country out
of tbe bnnds of the morlirngcoK, so Instend
of   fighting   to   relieve   King   Albert   of   hi*
inortungo l  am fighting to  raise the 'dot'
to wipe ofl' my own for the benetlt of Qlieeil
"I see." he tnid.  "yon nre n starker.
"Yes,"  I snld.    "Oood dny!"
T hnve found  tols of enthusiastic  Socialists amongst the fanners.    More and more
kocp coming tn ask tlie way of salvftllon from
the Impending fury. I don't wonder nl men
who hnve to live in tbls eounlry in winter
being Socialist*. 1 think If 1 hnd to llvt
here 1 would bo a dynamiter or a Nihilist
It is n punishment to go nut of doors. The
women are muffled Up to the eyes In wraps
nnd fnr:'.
I  used  to wonder why the  Eskimo women
worn trousers.
Now   1   wonder  why   the   women   of   Sn»-
Editor B. C. Foderntionist: Hearties! nnd
most    sincere    congratulations    to    th e   real
hoys of  British  Columbia  in   the  election  of
Hiiwtl'onithwnile.    the    news    which    comes
the wire today.    Aftor such
i rough
itlio workers obtain thoir emancipation;
T nlso rrnlize thnt ono of thr principle
drawbacks oncountoretl in trying to
tnke the message to the heathen is one
of financing the routing of apottkors
through the province.   Wo know that
The incompetents who pose ns I.ibor
als. hit do scavenger work for tho Tory pro
'Ifcoring sclf-elecled, mnst bo brought ii|
with n short jerk, nnd il only requires n mnn
with the ability and personality of the now
M,   P.   P.   for   Nowcnstto   to   start   the   Imll
wme-\*m J&el&l-'SZ 2$. !h« ■«• mofat putting workon, in tho
stopped still, we musi onco more raise eur legislature will not emancipate us, until
heads; and admit that the world, JlnoMIng  wo nl] renliw that we are slaves.   Then
why not plnco our own members in parliament, so thnt  these members, whose
salaries nnd railroad fnres are paid by
the government, mny acf ns propngflli-
rlisls to take the message fo tho heath-
en, wc will then be saved a great denl
of expense and be enabled to carry on
an efficient* method of propaganda.   A
referendum  will  be snbmlttod  in  the
near future to the affiliated membership
of the Federation asking them to agree
o doing his or their j to increase their per capita tax by 5c
it freoly .that. I haw  a month  or fi0e ft yeflr in onlpr tri „,
i only natural that I    , ' ,        .,    s    ,» ,,   .        »
■ ■    • *  I ue paper into the hands of all the mem
bership. This is another efficient medium of education and should receive
unqualified support, by nn increase in
circulation in the near future. An Island section may bc possible and for
Canndn)   do move.
with the fight 1
Kdmontnn* Jnn.
P.  S.i   I  noted
even If only n little.    ()i
35, lOlfi.
hat vour share was mor
thnn  n   passive  on
P. S. No. 2: The
Tory  outfit  calling
nwn lo consult on
A1(I, J. A. Kinney
I. A. C.
.—.1. A. C.
re seems no danger of tb
Hawthornthwaite   to Ot
tlie Labor U',(,stlon.    Oil
of course,   was  called.—
the bonefit of some of our members in
Victoria, a kindergarten of socialism
run in this section. Since coming to the
convention I havo learned that some of
our membership in the north and in the
interior feel thnt Thc Fedorationisf is
only entering to the interests of the
Vancouver trnde unionists. Now, icf me
assure the members of the movement
outside of Vancouvor, thnt such is not
th? ense, for I hnvo contributed several
articles to The Federationist, some of
ill em not getting to Vancouver until
nearly 12 o'clock on Thursdny, nnd I
hnve yet to see an article thai has failed to appear in tho current issue. My
advice to such members is, who think
their districts are slighted, write some
articles of interest to the workers in
general and see how greedily Bro,
R, P. F-ettipioce will grab them, and
like Oliver Twist, ask for more. So
follow workers, I appeal to you to get
behind our paper and boost' it for till
you arc worth. Lot us make it a power
in tho land, so that it may assist us in
cementing the forcos of lnbor together
into ono pnrty both on the political and
industrinl Held, so thnt through the education wo receive we may finally be
onnbled to accomplish our end—the
overthrow of the wage system and fhe
emancipation of not only the workers,
but of all mankind.
Tours  in   faith,   hope   and   charity,
mostly charity.
Trados and Labor Council
February 2, 1«93
Wherever you go you'll
All good dressers wear
them.   Procurable at
514 Granville Street
The Fod's Army of Recruiters
Kdltor B. 0. Federatlonist: In these day
It is a case of every om
bit, nnd nlthonjrh I ndmi
■ lone very little, it neenis
should get Into the harness right here and
now. I have very littlo time to rcai) or
study after doing ten hours' work, besides
walking to snd from name, helplnjt to produce thnt aeroplane spruce which is so necessary st this particular time, and I find quite
a few dissatisfied workers. With the few
minutes I have at noon, I find thoy don't
really understand what they want, so I took
the opportunity of passing Tho Fedorationist
around. To tell yon the truth, It Is finding
its way all around this little camp, and snme
hot arguments take place over thn same, nnd
while 1 am married, It becomes necesunry
fnr me to go cnroftil until I find out who is
who. nnd get the best results nt tho name
time, Now, Mr. Kdltor, I want yon to send
inn ton sub cards tn sec whnt I cnn do; also
to help me to mnke some of those long-
tongued slaves prove there contentions by
taking a sub. enrd. As this Is a small enmp,
I won't assure you of helng ablo to mnke a
snb- for the ten in n woek, bnt will do my
bet. T wish to sny also Hint I could not do
this if I bnil In pay the ten bucks down
myself, but ns The Foderntionist says, "Sell
Ihe sobs., then send In tho money nnd
names." Well, it seems K. %■ To give you
n line on who I nm, would say that I worked lo Iho mines in Movie and Hosslnnd unlil
Miril, mi7. ftnd cum- here; hnd n good look
through Ihe Lahor Temple on rnv wny to
Prlneo Ruperts organised the I. V. M. M,
Sniellermeri Workers two Hays after arriving
In llitpert! fished onr month nnd then cHine
here.   With this explanation it will bo easy
t'-r you to get n line on me. In conclusion,
will sny I will do nil I cnn to have ten
copies of Th" Fed. coming hero In pines of
one.    With  best wishes |n sll.  I am
J. McL.
Terrace,  IV C, Jnn. Jl,  1018.
Messrs. Wm. I'lehiing and Georgo
Walker added to parliamentary committee.
Wm. Towler reported thnt thc committee waited on F, Carter-Cotton and
J. W. Home, M.'a P. P., who stnted
they would do their utmost to get a
trades rules claune inserted in thc eon-
tract to build proposed now court
The question ef cumulative voting
was raised by G. Bartley, when the
delegates were somewhat divided in
their opinions.   Laid over.
TAKE NOTICE that Oliver Investaaat
Company, Limited, intends to apply at (he
expiration of ono month from tbe data tf
the first publication hereof to the Registrar
of Joint Stock Companies thnt Hr. nam to
changed to "C. M, Oliver & Company, Malted."
DATED at Vancouver, B. C, this -ith itf
of January,   1918.
Solicitors for thc Applicaat.
403 Rogers Bnlldlng, Vancouver, 9, fl,
For the opening of the CO-OPERATIVE STOKE at 823 Granville Street.
As soon as the necessary alterations cnn be made,
will open n first class grocery and meat department.
Registered Office       .... -    643 0RANVILL3 STREET
Secure your shares before the store opens or they will cost you more.
614 Bower Building. Tel. Sey. 3223.   643 Uranville Street, Vancouver OmOIAL   FAFBB   VANCOUVER
/Ii VaacotiTtr\
\   Olty, $2.00 /
$1.50 PER YEAR
New Teeth-Good Health-Long Life
Down to the last detail of your tooth trouble DR.
IjOWE will tell you what is wrong, what is essential to
DE. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in most instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
DR. LOWE'S prices, value considered, are reasonable.
a_a___oasm—mmtmmst mat —— t—_*_»——vist_We%—_\\ms_____m■—■—i^M
OjS'^o-a-ite l^toSta-afci^ Bio At&\&
mm iid^——■———___m____mm sms—^—
108 Hailing SttetW-AotAtoboDVantouVer-Phene Jsy.5444
January Sale
Por the balance oi* this jnontli we arc offering many lines
in Men's and Boys' Suits, Overcoats, Hats, Neckwear, etc., at
Greatly Reduced Prices
Save money by buying this month
36 and 38 inches wide, for evening or street wear.
She shades include plum, wine, emerald, Russian,
navy, pink, Copenhagen and many others. Special
value at, per yard $1.95
SABA BROS., Limited
Sure    to    cutclt
your fancy.
Each   tho   laat
word in hat dom.
Our windoiri ai-
witya tell u f.td
Hut »torjr.
I^»;'J*iJDBmjitt]iS(i!.,     __ |
Vacuum Packed
It's Always Fresh
ASK your grocer for
NABOB Coffee. Because it is such a rich,
fragrant, delicious coffee,
really exquisite and always of the same fine
quality. Blended, roasted
and vacuum packed by
Kelly, Douglas & Company, Ltd. Vancouver,
Tremendous values for your dollar here Saturday.
Scores of special offerings at less than wholesale
prices for Saturday only.
"The Store That's Always Busy"
Official Proceedings of the Eighth
******* ******* ******* ******        ******
Annual Convention of B. C. F. of L.
Monday Morning.
Gordon J. Kelly, president of tho
Trades and Labor Council, called tho
convention to order, welcomed the delegates, and expressed the hope that the
deliberations of the convention would
offset somo of the follies of the times.
He said that, judging by the large number of delegates already present, it
would be representaive of organized
Labor. He introduced .Mayor Gale, who
was heartily applauded,
The mayor welcomed the delegates on
behalf of tho city. He drew attention
to one of the planks iu his platform in
the lato campaign—co-operation for a
greater Vancouver. He appealed to the
delegates to boar in mind the necessity
for co-operation, and to bear this in
mind in all deliberations. Unfortunately in the past there had been a breach
between Labor and capital. He believed both should play the game. His experience had been that the organized
Labor man would play the game if the
othor fellow would. If he had a message to deliver at all, it was to so conduct the deliberations as to allow thc ]
leaders to always "play the game.";
The mayor expressed his appreciation'
for tho opportunity of addressing thc |
gathering. If the spirit of co-operation
could bo carried out through his term
of office ho felt he could accomplish
what hu had set out to do.
James H. Hawthornthwaite, M. L. A.,
elect for Newcastle district, was next
called upon. Ho thanked organized La-,
bor for thc assistance rendered him in
his campaign. It wus Labor's fight, not
his, Tho whole province belonged to
the Labor man, and thero wns no reason, if they would stick together, why
overy seat in British Columbia should
not be won as easily as his, He drew I
attention to tho importance of the con-
vention, and hoped the convention!
would not disband till it had expressed j
itself on some world-wide matters. The
convontion would deal with a great
many local matters; among them was
♦ forc-e Del. Midgley, who would have an
up-to-date resolution to back him up instead of an ancient resolution passed
nt some other time. Ho was not attempting to railroad thc resolution, as
suggested, and saw no reason for delay.
If there were any delegates present who
favored industrial conscription, they
hnd opportunity to say so at once, nnd
he believed the minds of the delegates
were already made up on it,
Del. Taylor wan 'inclined to agree
with Del. Thomas, be said, and made
reference to no action having been
taken when man-power was conscripted.
It would be a wasto of time to stop by
merely sending a telegram. The industrial strength of organized Labor should
be put to use, he argued.
Del. ,T. Dakcrs, of Victoria, could not
see the necessity of immediate, action.
Dol. MeCullum suggested that Del.
McVety amend his resolution so the
sjbject could be taken up and argued
later. He agreed that action in the
past had been a farc-e, for resolutions
wore passed and sent to Ottawa, which
was the end of them, As for thc conference at Ottawa, he said it wns merely a blind to make it appear as if Labor
wns being consulted,
Del. McSweon declared that if
there was to be such a thing as
industrial conscription to got out of the
war honorably, by all means there
should bo industrial conscription, but
tho bosses should also be conscripted
and put in tho same form and on the
same rations ns tho others.
Del. E. Winch took the position that
President-elect of the British Columbia Fed-   the subject should not stop at camou-
oration of Labor. ; flage by threatening a goneral   strike,
■ ■  . liko in the case of military conscrip-
Streot and Electric Railway Employees—
W. Vates, F. I. Bay.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—S. Gov, V.
Peebles.  J.   Clark.
Brewery Workers—J. H. Mutidtiy.
Metalliferous Miners
Hedk-y—William Smith.
Klmberley—Gilbert Omlie.
Silverton—.lames   A.   Moir.
Trail—A. Goodwin, Richard Mo
Interior Locals
District ti, M. M. & S. W. P.
tion. He hoped the convention would;
beforo it came to a close, put the convention on such a basis that the officials
would make affirmative any action
the convention determined upon.
Del. Trotter drew attention to the
fact that no difference of opinion on
industrial conscription had been expressed.
The Peele amendineiit  was put and
Union—Mar- . lost.   The motion carried, only four opposing.    Del. Thomas said he opposed
the motion because he was against send-
_  ... _...._ _. , ing a delegate to a secret conference of
Machinists 268, Revels toko—H. Kempster. bosses, but   was opposed   to industrinl
Standing Committees conscription.
The following committees, as recom-;    Del. Welsh moved a resolution pro-
mended   by tho executive committee,; testing against the importation of Chi-
wore selected: 1 nese coolie labor.   In speaking to his
Credentials Committee—Chairman, D.   motion he said the idea of the govern-
McCallum; C. Norton, R. Marshall. mont was a good onc from a govern-
Committee on Constitution and Law I ment-prolltecr standpoint, but thc real
—Chairman, H. Kempster; Thos. Ander- ■ object was to get cheap labor.  He won-
son, E. Winch, T. Barton, B. Showier ; de'red how fnr organized Labor was pre-
and J. G. Smith. pared to go.   On the matter of military
, k  . .. .    .  .       Resolutions Committee—Chairman, J.. conscription, he snid, two of their mom-
P, of L,j was next called on, and said I H. McVety; W. Smith, W. A, Sherman, ; bers who lived up to the resolution on
he was not satisfied with the progress! F, L Ray, W. B. Marquette, B. Sim-1 the subject wero in jail, and organized
of organized Labor in this province for! mons, R. Musson, W. A. Alexander, S. Labor had laid down,
the years of organizing which had been G. Peele, Geo. Thomas, J. BromfieM. ! Endorsement of Del. Welsh's remarks
going ou. But progress was being made. Committee on Officers Reports— was given by Seeretary A. S. Wells,
Ho appealed to the delegates to think, I Chairman, Marcus Martin; ,T. Bakers, J. ' who said action should bb taken to back
study and work along their own eco- j Notmn, A. R. Towler, T. West well, G. up any protest that would be mado.
notaic lines.   He hoped the convontion  Omlie, W.'Moulton. Del. Peele called attention  to a re-
would put beforo tho legislature some j    Committeo oa Ways   and   Moans— solution by tint United Farmers of Al-
needed labor  reforms.    The president 1 Chairman, A. Manson;    E.   Folds, T.   berta, opposing the bringing in of in-
drew attention to the convention as not  Fawkes, J. F. Poole, T. Peters and E.   dentured labor,
being   revolutionary, but   reformative. Roylanco. Del. Trottor thought too much atten
He bespoke a pleasant and instructive J    Committee on Audit and Grievances   tion was being paid to the British Co
convention. j— W. R. Trotter, R. Dent, J. A. Moir, lumbia   Fruit-Growers'   association
tho    Compensation    Act,    which,    he
thought, could be materially changed j
for tho better.    Uniformity of hours, | 00» ¥Mtini ..
wages, etc., were   also   subjects   that  P™,? fiJgSV W, ?Si,T S."ffi5
would come  up.    The position  of the I quetto, W. J. Cromer, R. Drummond;
roturned soldiers should be taken up, j
for after threo years every government l
had failed.   Work must bo found for
these men.   Their advent, and the advent of women in industries were subjects which should not be overlooked.
The women in politics were important
to Labor, which had got  nothing
Australia till thoir strength had been
doubled by women in politics.   He expected it would bc thc sume here.
Joseph Naylor, president of the B. C. j
The president called the convention J 0. E. Hcrrett, R. J. Drummond.
to order, and the following credentials I    Bel. Thomas moved that the commit-
committee was named:   D. McCallum! tees appoint their own chairmen,
(chairman), C. Norton and    R. Mar-'    Motion adopted,
■ball. j    Gordon J. Kelly announced the enter-
Aa adjournment waa then taken for  tainment   arrangements  for the dole-
30 minutes. j gates while in this city.
Total delegates present were 109, be-j The following ruleB were adopted:
ing 65 from Vancouver, 18 from Vic- That the convention hoars be from 9 to
toria, eight from New Westminster, j 12, and from 2 to 5; that fifteen min-
four from Powell Rivor, two from Trail, i utes be allowed to a mover of a resolution, and ten minutes to speakers on
! it, unless otherwise decided by u two-
, thirds vote of the convention."
other places sending but onc.
Trades and Labor Councils
Ywicouvcr—J. H. McVety, V. R. UidaUy
Victoria—S. G. Peele, J. bakers.
Now Westminster—H. W. Gaugh.
Nelson—John Notman.
Prince Rupert—W. E. Thompson.
Vancouver Unions
International Cigarmakers—W. R. Smith.
CWic Employees—Geo, W. MacParlane.
Cooks und Walters and Waitresses—A.
Graham, W. Mackenzie, Fred Welton.
U. B. Carpenters, Local t>17—T. Sncll, W.
Thomas, G. II. Hardy.
A. S. U. B. Carpenters, Local 2047—J. G.
Smith, G. Richardson.
United Brewery Workers—J. Pyke.
Journeymen Barbers—C. K. Herrett.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—0. Sur-
cite, R, Roylanco,
Brotherhood of Blacksmiths — Malcolm
Urhlge and Structural Iron Workers—W.
Brothorhood of Eloctrical Workers—K. 11.
Morrison, J. U. Bell, T. J,  Roblttlllo,
Amalgamated Aleut Cutters—Thus. Anderson.
I. A   Machinists, Local 182—A. R.
1. A. Machinists. Local 177—G. Kennedy,
D, McCallum.
Metal   Trades   Council—P.  W.   Welsh,   K.
I),   AlNlOIl.
Longshoremen, Local 38-52—Geo. Thomas,
David Mitchell. G. J. Kelly, Albert Hill.
Longshoremen,   Auxiliary,   No,   88,52—T.
E. Kvuiik,   A.   K.   Shirley,   H. Wlgman,    K.
Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers—A. P,
Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—Ed.
Stewart, Wm. Campbell.
Printing Pressmen—John Munro.
U. A. Plumbers and Steam Fitters—James
Shipwrights and Caulkers—A. Watchman,
J, Bromlield, T. Hurry, A. Livingstone, A.
Strain and Operating Engineers—W. A.
Alexander, J. li. Flynn, J. P. O'Neill, W, S.
Genurul Toamstere and Chauffeurs—B.
Showier, J. P. Poole, J. Lnmh, G. B. Anderson. W. J. Brown, B,  Smith.
United    Warehousemen — J.
Moving Picture Operators—A
Brotherhood     of     Bollermaki
Moore, T. Fawkes.
Typographical Union—W. R. Trotter, R.
I\ ivtllploci).
Garment Workers—Mrs. P. BbbbcU.
Victoria Unions
A. S. U. B, Carpenters, Local 2051—A. S.
Wells, B. Simmons.
U.  1*. Carpenters,  Locnl  1848—0. Norton,
United Brewery Workers—0. Orr.
Mouldnra—B, Folds.
I. A. Machinists, Local ■IM—It. Musson,
II. Dent,
Brotherhood of Painters, No, 6—W. Moul-
Btcnm nnd Operating Engineers—A, Man-
son, If. llnby.
Shipyard Laborers, F, L. U. 16475—-ThoB,
Paton. \V, C. Flewin.
Street nnil ElflOtrlo Hallway Employees—
\V, Campbell,  E. K. Bell.
Plumbers and steam Filters—J. Duy.
Longshoremen—J, Taylor,
Bituminous Miners
United   Mlno  Workers-
South    Wellington—Thos.   Wetlwall,    W.
Cumberland—J. Naylor.
Fernle—W. A. Sherman, C. Barton.
New Westminster Unions
I. A. MachtnUts, Loal 161—Robt, Walker.
Monday Afternoon.
Officers reports wore presented, and
referred to thc committees on Officers
Beports and Audit and Grievances.
After tho resolutions had been submitted, Del. Peele, of the Victoria
Trades and Labor Council, moved that
tho business of the convention bc suspended to deal with a resolution protesting against the proposed closing
down of theatres for three days each
week. If thc object of this was tlie
conservation of fuel it should not npply
on this coast, whero the fuel situation
was not acute. On motion ot Del, T*iy
lor, of the Longshoremen's Union, Victoria, the resolution wan adopted,
There being nothing immediately be
fore    the    convontion,   J.    II. * Mc
Vety suggested that as Victor K. Midg
Towler. \ loy was a delegato to the conference
' with the government ut Ottawa, which
was to start on January 21), the convon*-
. tion should advise Vice-president Midg-
i ley by wire as to resolutions adopted
| here, and which would be likely to bo
, taken up at the conference at Ottawa.
Del. MeVety moved Ihut tho convention go on record us reaffirming tho previous actions of tho  Federation  us tu
industrial conscription.
Del. Bromfield said he was opposed lo
, industrial conscription unless tlie gov-
| ernment would ulso conscript industrial
Del. Thomas snid ho wus opposed to
I thc resolution, as it was an "absolute
Ifarco."   He drew attention to the opposition to conscription before, but it
carried with  it "no opposition to thc
war." So far ns he was concijrnod lie
thought it would  bc  a good  thing if
industrial conscription  were  forced  so
the working man would bc howling for
bread, like in   Russia.    Thc same, ho
■ thought, would apply to the question of
! indentured Chinese,    Perhaps then the
workers would wake up und tako some
its efforts to induce the government to
bring iu cheap labor. It wns a scheme
that hud no definite basis beyond gel-
ting cheap lubor. He believed they
wanted to be in u position lo toll the
British government that they had the
land and slave labor, so they could got
contracts. The fruit groworB,.ho pointed out, were afraid the Chineso now in
the country would crowd them out, and
that wns why they favored indentured
labor and not free Chineso. If thoro
was such need for produce, he said, the
Chinese hud lots of land in China, and
labor was cheap, so why not produce
tho necessary fruit in China.
That thoro were Orientals in the
Longshoremen's Auxiliary, and thut
they got the same wnges and lived ap
to the regulations, wa.s u statement of
Del. Winch, who wanted to know if
there wns not something more behind
the talk of coolie lubor than appeared
on tho surface.
Del. McVety snid it was not n new
subject at all, It hud been up at Ottawa a year ngo, F. W. Fetors and othor
menibers of the board of trade having
made the I'oquoBl of the governmont.
With regnrd lo the fruit growers, Dol.
McVoty snid thut fi nil growers hnd admitted that Ihey lind brought about the
employment of women ft nil pickers last
season. Il was becuiiBO tho Chinese
were organizing, and had demanded
more than the grotvers were prepared
pay.   It wus this whieh hnd Inspjr
employ me
. 0. Hanson.
■rs —J.     A.
Dol, Br
cribod Hi it i
umbia," lh
here already
tuls coining
hend lux or
bin should
As u matter ot
Opposed t0
fuet, evi
afield snid "B. C." woll do-
listi Columbia aj "BrownCo-
■re wore so many Asiatics
, Ho waa opposed to Orion-
iu under any conditions,
otherwise. British Col.im-
bo a white man's country,
like Austrnlin.
Several othor dolegates who spoke on
the resolution were of one mind, and
absolutely opposed to indentured lubor.
Tho resolution carried unanimously,
Tuesday Morning,
Prosidont Naylor called the
tion to ordc
The   resol
Del. McVety
olution liniii
hour week, i
ided  to
at 0.16
;t. ni.
n, i'p|
ling the -H
I recommended that il he
rod "n gonoral 44-hour
I of specifying Saturday
Wilh this change the
onimittoo was adopted.
week," instet
I uunuii, iuoluuu   ui   yi-JUJEHjHg mi iin- report of the
' time. j    Resolution   number  two, ro  govi
Del. Poelo thought tho subject could Im0nt ownership of abbatoira nnd i
not be intelligently dealt with at pros* storage plants.   A change "its made
ont, as there was no doflnito hi forma- the resolutions committee, nol altei
tion on il.   He moved an amendment [its sense but mnking it easier of in
ml    finally    adopted
that the resolution be brought up under pretation,
tho head of "new* businoss." amended.
Rising to second    the   amendment,
Del, Manson   said   that the resolution {in
should be dealt; with in the usual way. br
He hud an open mind on tho subject, Pi
and urged that it bo sot over so the pa
members could have opportunity to dis- er
cuss it. hv
Del. McVoty explained that he had M
offered tho resolution to back up tlieir in
dolegnto at Ottawa,   He judgod it an
opportune time  to put on  record  the to
opinion of this convention, uud lo rciti-
Handsome creations of Serges, Silks and Satins.
$12.50 to $35
Dresses that are superior in designs, finish and
Colors of Navy, Black, Burgundy, Green, Plum
and Brown.
Courteous treatment and a moderate range of
prices are added attractions at
564 Granville St.      "   Opp. Drysdale's
Cut Rate Drugs
13Y breaking the Drug Combine we have solved
the problem in Vancouver of the high cost of
living so far as your Drug wants are concerned.
Compare the prices and service at cur stores with
what you have been getting.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings St. W. Pbones Bay. IMS ft 18M
7 Hustings Street West Sejaou 3632
782 Qranvllle Street BwaHrar 70JS
2714 Oranvillo Street Bay. 2314 & 17-MO
412 Main Street Sernrar 2032
1700 Commercial Drive Higb. 836 ft 17330
Hall Order Department tot out-of-town customers.   Same prices ud eenlee I
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street Weet.
by our expert shoe litters, will retain their shape aad give
much better service than the ordinary kind, whieh are m often
very poorly lilted. Make us prove this by buying y»ur next
pair at this store.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
•living  lo
„f the Albortn
(Continued on p:igR (i)
This Is the Logical
Store for the Man
Who Wants to Buy
We have a bigger stuck, a broader and belter sloek than
any oilier si (in* in the city by a good wide margin, and the
values aro unassailablo by our competitors becauso we looked
aftor tin* harvesting of these stocks when it was posoiblc to
make our efforts oouni for sotnotliing. Of course, you will
have to sec our various lines to lie convinced, but we will be
only too glad to demonstrate their superiority.
We have a worthy tweed trouser of unobstrusive pattern
for ns little iis $2.50; other tweed trousers in all the neat
dark and medium shades yuu are likely to want, at $2.75,
$3.00, $3.50, $4.00 and *1.50. Worsted trousers start nt
$4.50 and $4,90 to $7.50, which latter priee calls for an
excellent quality garment, made of a splendid wearing grey
striped English trousering, .Men who want a navy serge
trouser, possibly to eke out the wear of a coat ami vest of tlie
same material still capable of useful service, will find trousers
in n soft-finished all-wool serge in a dark simile blue at $6.00
Men's Section, Main floor
FEIDAT February 1, 1018
' 1 (Davidson ot* Slocan) Independent.
No vote was ever taken in tho houso
when any combination could have upset
the government. Ami not only waa this
* 'true, but it is well known here (and the
Patched njffJMfafJ*"?**]* the B' C'' information has como from high priests
^^^^^^^ thc McBride government at the
ft. Parm. Pettipiece Manager:time), that a standing agreemont was
^ , lin offect between tho government and
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St. j the Liberal opposition whereby sufflci-
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495 wt Liberal strength was to be at any
After 6 p.m.: Bey 7497K time thrown to the governWs side to
—* — loffsot any breakaway that might occur
BirtiBcription: $1.50 per yenr; in Vanconver ijn   the   McBrido   enmp.     Tho   McBride
City, 13.00; to unionB subscribing        I government  was  thus  buttressed   and
^^l_£._™-J___™X^"^^^^..-^ bulwarked in office by connivance with
REPRESENTATIVES {"his majesty's most loyal oposition,"
Kew Weitminfctor W. Yatca, Box 1021 the  Liberal caterwaulers  of this most
Prince Rupert 8. D. Macdonald, Box 2SS j glorious province, and not by tlie ac-
Tletort^^.^-^^^■S^W^"g^3^J^gf. tions of a couple of lono Socialists ns
-^^--o^^^ ^etern,^ """""^   The Voice doth weirdly relate.
dark days for those who havo dreamed
of democracy. The only ray of light
that   flashes   upon   fiic   horizon   comos
try districtSj and could practically all
be produced within thc confines of comparatively small communities with rca-
froni Russia, where tho slaves have evi- i sonahly limited communal areas, if in-
dontly responded to tho call of reason j telligontly organized and conducted for
and common sense and ropjdiated tho  that purpose.
ruling class and all of its lying, its hy
pocrisy and its vulgar impudence. In
no other land is the voice of a real democracy heard. In no other is there a
healthy and virile democratic aspiration
evidenced, so that you could notice it.
In all others it seems that thc nearest
approach to a democratic concept is
that of a servile and abiding faith in
the efficacy of a salvation to bo realized
to the slaves of capital, through loyalty
and devotion to ruling class governments and an extended government
ownership of their servile hides and
arrases.    The ruling chiBs world cru-
"Unltj of Ltbor:   the Hope of the World"
Vbruary  1,
sade against oven the demoeratic asp
ation, (the so-called democrats of tho
In  view  of these facts, Hint aw  so j wor](1  nav0 yot p0HaGSflttd  nothing be-
Iviroll known to every one who cares to  yond that)  thnt  is boing persistently
'■  'waged under the lying pretense of being a crusnde ngninst autocracy, is full
of sinister meaning to all who long for
an end to tyranny and wrong nnd the
advent of a greater freedom  for tho
sons of men.   While we do not believe
that   such   crusnde   will    triumph,   it
Its personnel |an "aggravated attack of political'jauii- j noverthelesa becomes a matter of duty
]pl8  know, facts that can lte readily verified
by thc records of the houso (with the
of   the   secret
I exception,   of   course,
THE eighth annual convention of Ugrooment between the McBrido gov*
tho B. C. Federation of £auor ornment and the doadly Liboral opposl-
has new paused into history. The 11ion), it is a mntter of very grave doubt
result of ita deliberations will be found |whether Editor Puttee is suffering from
•lsewhero in thi   "
THE BLIND wards of 100 del
ALLEY AND THE gates from   various
OPEN ROAD parts of  the  prov
ince. It was truly
• representative body, being composed
of earnest and woll-informed workers
from thc numerous cities and mining
centres. And thero was not a dull moment during tbe five or more days the
eonvention waa in i«ui*>.
* *       »
Ia the variwi resolutions placed
before the conve«ti«, and in thc
various dtscussi«im relating thereto,
•hero was riuch U indicate that the
workera ef tbis province are not
without knowledge in regard to the
present systom of production, and the
position of the working class under its
ruthless sway. That many of the delegates possessed a very clear vision of
tho tasks lying before the working
•lasB in ita ago-long struggle with mast-
org and rulera waa clearly shown.
• *       *
As ia usually thc caae in gatherings
•f this kind, a good deal of timo was
necessarily consumed in dealing with
questions of wagea, hours and conditions of labor during the immediate
present. Although it is painfully evident that sucb questions ennnot be
.permanently settled until the great
question of human Blavery itself is disposed of, it nevertheless becomes imperative that etornal vigilance and
struggle be maintained in order to prevent or retard oa much as possible the
encroachments that tho masters of capital aro at all times disposed to inflict
upon the narrow lives and poor privi-
legos of the enslaved workers.
«       *       #
was mado np of tip- Idieo, or has just awakened from a sort llo every lovor of freedom to tear the
of Rip Van Winkle snooze.
j mask of hypocrisy nnd deceit, from the
' reactionary influences thai stand spon-
. sor for it.
THB HISTORY of tho human race
during the lasl ten thousand yenrs
has been a history of humnn slav-|»-» j RITER8 AND SPEAKERS g*
cry. All govornment is based upon nnd \\/ lore are having a deuce of a
springs from that fundamental fact. ▼▼ time djring these strenuous
Kings,      emperors,   days trying tn more satisfactorily dis
A SINISTER czars, kaisers, sul-
AND DEADLY tans, mikndos, preai-
CRUSADE. dents, governors and
that long list of alleged statesmen, spiritual prelates and
other stool-pigeons that follow in their
train, attest the fact and emblazon it
to the world in letters of blood and fire
that bear unmistakabln meaning to
those who have eyes with which to see
and ears with which to hear. In spite
of all the loud talk of democrncy, no
domocracy is possible under the circumstance of slavery. They arc each a
complete and absolute denial of the
other. They arc as antagonistic the
one to the other as nre fire and water.
Democracy is impossible whore a slave
is shackled and a master exists, no matter whether the slave be chattel, serf,
or wage animal. All wenlth producers
aro today slaves, common victims of
uling class i*Jle, robbery and rapine.
poseof what thoy term the surplus wealth
of the world.   Just
THE STRAW MAN where this surplus
OP SURPLUS is     now     cached
WEALTH. away,     and     of
what it consists,
these inkslingcrs.and gnbstors, however,
make no mention. Under such circumstances, The Federationist. believes it
would be "love's labor lost" to offer
any advice in the matter, either one
way or another. If, however, those zen-
Ions and no doubt disinterested souls
would only specify as to the character
nnd whereabouts of this surplus wealth,
this modest sheet will guarantee to furnish the plnns und specifications for its
distribjtion in such a manner ns to
soothingly satisfy even tho morbid flpul
of he to whom the proper distribution
of surplus wealth is a mania nnd the
fulfilment of which would be n veritable
delirium tremens of ineffable joy.   But
That is why democracy is a thing uu-! where is the surplus, ond of whnt does
known, no matter how much we may  it consist*f   Can such surplus be pro-
talk nbout it. J vidod and if so how, where nnd when?
.,.         j.t         .% j And what would be the sense of so do-
„   ,     ,       .ing even if it were possible?
Probably  ever  since  the   first   slave *
wns shackled, there have been human
beings who have dreamed of democracy,
There is no surplus of food. There
never lias boen any. Thero can be
none.   Even if il were possible it would
* * *
What our "wealth distributors," already referrod to ,imaginc to bo an improper distribution of "surplus
wealth" is nothing of tho sort. Food
is as well distributed now ns is possible
under slavery. The slaves now get nil
thoy can possibly bo cntitlod to
slaves, and undor no such circumstances
could they be given any greater assurance of being ablo to obtain it when
they need it than they nro given now.
What they suffer now is merely tho pon-
nlty for' being slaves. Tools, implements, factories, railways, buildings,
warehouses, steamships nnd all that
sort of junk, that makes up the supposed property of the master class, could
not bc distributed in any other manner
than such as is determined from day to
dny by the vicissitudes of the great
gamble that is commonly termed modern business. And besides all this the
great bulk of such so-callod property
has no uae value to tho wealth producers of thc world. It constitutes a
very important part of thc gambling
paraphernalia incidental to the swindling game and tho more of it tho rulers
have the more inflated becomes thoir
importance in their own eyes nnd thoso
of their slavos.
*       *       *
If: is not an improper distribution of
"surplus wealth" that is causing world
.misery. As "Sis Hopkins" might sny,
"there ain't no such thing nohow."
But there is a most doadly improper
distribution of thc burden of producing
the necessary things of life The problem becomes one of effecting such a readjustment of human nffnirs as to compel every onc to feed, clothe and shelter
himsolf, and thus j.istify his right to
exist. It means tho abolition of huma;
slavery. It calls for the turning of the
useless and consequently wasted lnbor
of human kind to useful and life-giving
purposes. It means that the great cities
of ruling-class pomp and vulgar magnificence must go, and the population
turn to the country districts, whore they
can produco the things they require to
mnke thohiselves comfortable nnd life
worth living.
A vast multitude of inkslingers nnd
gnbstofs who are now noisily and busily engaged, some in apologizing for
and beatifying slavery, whilo yot others
ns energetically curse and execrate it.
may thon turn their no doubt splendid
talents to more humanly useful purposes, such as officiating as chambermaids in cow stables or wet nursing
pigs.  -
along the social horizon, it would almost appear that every workingman on
earth ought to bo able to see and interpret with equal clearness. Thc cIubb
interest and instinct of thc workers
ought to make clear" that which the
class instincts and intorest of their mastors would tend to obscuro and covor
up.   At leaBt it would seem so.
Mr. Schwab is' correct. Either the
workers will rise to a solution of the
vexed economic problems now confronting civilization or that civilization will
perish from tho earth. And it ought to
porish, for it is but a slave civilization
at the best. It rests now upon the
same foundation that it rested upon in
thc days of Babylon and Nineveh. It
reBts solely upon the backs of slaves,
and its stability is even temporarily
assured only by tho docility and meek
servility of'the slave class. The slaves
will eventually rise and throw rulers
and ruling class junk into that oblivion
which is awaiting in close juxtaposition
to the gates of thc immediate future.
They aro rising now in those lands
whoro thc flrBt faint rays of democracy's sun are beginning to penetrate
the' dnrk clouds of ruling class tyranny
and autocracy. The Bolsheviki sentiment is spreading from Russia, the
vanguard of democracy and human pro-
gross, and in time will no doubt make itsolf felt in thoso backward lands whore
flag-waving and noisy patriotism still
deludes the stupid slavos into forgetting all class interest nnd clnsB struggle
and allow themBolvos to bo rounded up
liko cattle in a corral to be fed to the
Known all over the Dobiinion for their guaranteed quality
and moderate prices, and mounted in a wide range of exclusive designs, Birks' Diamonds offer THE BEST POSSIBLE
Engagement Rings from as low as $25. We cordially welcome your inspection of our fine jewellery
Geo. E. Trorey, Man, Dir."
Granville St.
manent internment. In tho party was
"ono American citizen, a threo-weehs-
old baby, born during the mother's Btay
on Angel Island, 16 womon and 13 children. Oh, glorious democracy! Thc
causo is eminently safe in tho hands
of its prosent sponsors and custodians,
but it would bo oven moro so if thnt
wicked and seditious " thrco-wooks-old
baby" and the other "13 childron,"
woro drawn, quartered and boiled in
oil. Being "seditious" it stands to
reason that they ought to be woll boilod
first, as a warning to other children of
vicious   proclivities, against  fostering
, seditious" thoughts and aiding and
cannon of ruling clnss ferocity and the arjetting treason against simon-pure
4..     ....  ...   -.„..+..,..     i    .  n.„  ,„    agnjQgp^y, Good old democracy of the
tyranny of reaction. Above the dull
babble' of the servile and spineless
Labor movement of this western continent, the voice of Mr. Schwab rings out
liko a bugle call to tho Bolsheviki of
Russia to push boldly forward upon its
present course, Lot us hope, as Mr.
Schwab evidently does, that in time
that "Bolshoviki sentiment" will penetrate the dult atmosphere and dissipate
the intellectual gloom that hangs like a
sinister pall over the spoon-fed Labor
movement of this western world. All
hail  to  Schwab.    Not because  ho
capitalist type. It ia but fair to say
that your hypocritical pretensions ahow
no signs of weakening, nor your impudence and gall any symptoms of loss of
The proprietors of a pool room in
Toronto by aome means gave offence to
tho begging agents of the Red Cross,
that giant of all charity schemes. The
offenders were given the alternative of
having their business license cancelled
.„. „ . „       ,   , , or    donating    $500 to tho Rod Cross
worth millions of dollars, but.benvn | Rcheme>   So5iehow or othpr this looks
he is worth millions of great labor lead-1 ^  blackmail to us thnn a dispen-
ors such as unkind fortune has inflicted |    ,.        . •. ._i*-_
upon   this   continent.     At   least   Mr. jflfttl0n °* 3«ti«e._
Schwab's eyes are not in the back of
his head. '
be folly.   This m.ist be takon in a general sense.   The entire population of a
who have longed for the ago of tyranny
and brutality to end, and humanity lift
itsolf to at lenst a measure of freedom
wherein lifo might bo made Iobs of a
misery and agony to the sons of toil j eountry or of the world, mual bo taken
'and sweat. But, however great mny j into consideration. Individuals may
j havo been that longing for democracy obtain and temporarily hold some sort
By slow degrees thc workers aro com- j .iml iim)Kl„ lipijft. however enrnest may | 0£ a surplus, but it can only be done at
ing to realize that the old lino of j have boen the efforts to bring about a Uho expense of a Bhortngo to others,
struggle confined solelv to thc battlo consummation bo devoutly to bo wiahod, Tho food, clothing and nil the othor
for bettor working conditions, or to the fact remains that democracy is still j necessary things of life arc produced
prevont the imposition of conditions 1 a thing to bo attained. It is atill a from day to day and from year to yenr,
that are* worse is liko unto u blind nl- something to be realized only at the. and are consumed in the same manner,
ley that leads to no final conclusion or prico of long and arduous struggle. It j Thoro is never a surplus. Humanity
ultimate    goal.    That ihe convention  is something that wo cannot havo until  lives, just as nil othc
Gompers has mado another speech.
He never makeB one that does not contain intellectual gems of *, purest, ray
serene. In thin latest expulsion of thnt j
which was within him wo find the following: "There is no mental reservation in the pledge of the American government, with the support of the great
mass of the American people, that every
part of our man-power, of all our resources, will lie laid at the foot and
given into the hands of the men who
_ o flg^jng jn Franco, and who will
The chattel slave was merchandise.: figllt in Franco."   Noble words those.
He was bought and sold just like any j yCBj mA thcn 80m0|    gam talks    in
Ho was the property of; tormg of merchandise almost as reek-
He worked for his owner j lcsgly us might bo tllc ,.ns0 \_ j10 worc
'  xvnv a really truly great capitalist  instead
a really truly grent labor leader.
The wage slave is merely a human
chattel that is habitually bought upon
the instalment, plan.
Is thc word of any man to he taken
seriously who affirms that ho is fighting
for "his country" when it can bo
clearly proven that his real estate holdings consist of nothing but a dirty neck.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pi
sible consistent
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
LET WORDS of wisdom, bc they
never so grent. fall from the lips!other ware
of one of the common herd, ono his owner,
who has not been lifted nnto the lime* and got nothing for it.   In what wny
light of publie notice by grent wenlth did ho differ from the proud wage slave I g£
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
recognizod this wns demonstrated
through its decision that tho organized
Labor movemont of the province should
bo instrumental in launching n political
party of Labor for the purpose f*f conquering a commanding place in the parliament and executivo odiccs of the
province on behalf of the working (-lass.
That thia courso was approved and
adopted by an overwhelming majority
of the convontion is a matter of keen
interost to every working man and wo
wo havo it in its entirety. It i
dition thnt cannot be experienced in
part, li must be attained ns a whole,
or we have it. not. So long as the lives
and labor of human beings aro nt the
command, the beck and call of rulers,
governors, masters, thoro is no democracy. There can* bo none. The presence of a single individual who may bo
subject to conscription into any service
of a master or a master class, whether
such conscription be by edict of author-
iiuimals live, and
that is from hand to monthi And by no
other token than that of continuous
activity can any animal justify its
right to Ufe. That activity always consists, primarily, in feeding and otherwise providing for itself. This is a con-
tin.ious process, and when it can un
the unknowable that lies boyond
or other approved r.i- of todny? I But then   tho giving away of "man-
MR. SCHWAB      words will fall upon,  ■ j power" somehow ur other savors    of
CASTS LABOR'S line;    class   achieve, j    The "everybody raise a pig" cam-  giving away merchandise, and Samuel
HOROSCOPE.       mont.     nnd     such paign is mooting with a hearty response  says that "labor is not a comodity."
enrs   thnt   nre donf.jin Vancouver.    Thore  are said  to be   i*orlinp» " man-power" nnd labor power
minus j moro pigs in the city thun ever bofore, | n|T lwo aifforont tilings, however.   Wo
blind.   So is tho : *.inmv what horsepower is, for we have
police department.   It is evidently guid-   bottl bought and sold it, but wo will be
hnnged if we don't got more and more
rattled nnd confused every time wo run
! across a chunk of Jlr. Gompors' s.iper-
The negro  in  the Soulh  before tho  natural wisdom.   It is too weird for us.
wnr  wns  a  chattel    slave.    His  grub.:	
lothes nnd cabin wore served out  to      Crown   Prince   McAdoo   snvs  "too
Had he been
\Visdom   clad   in   overalls   and
bunk  credit is  evon  more heavily dis
counted   at   the  intellectual   counting-
llOUSO of tins slave civilization, than is
tho  Germnn  mark   nt  present   in   ihe
counting house of world commerce and
I exchange. Hut tho most commonplace
I utterances thnt may full from the lips
| itf those upon whom the gods of mate*
| rial fortuno may have copiously smiled, jhim by his master direct
n the city than ever before,
but most of thom
1 in its action chiefly
J. Edward Sears      Offlco:  Sey. 4148
Barriiters, Solicitor!, Conveyancer!, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vaneimviir OMce:  5IC-7 Rogerfl Bldg.
liy tin
bo   followed   out,  the  summons j of divine wisdom, by the great  inulti- food, clothing nnd shelter, and a
n go over the great divide into j hide of  the  unwnshed  and   underfed, [to purchase those things, •cithor
Among all animal kind, outside of
man. fond, habitation nnd all thai these
imply, nre obtained by ench individual
man in the province, whether such bo \\ty. or by force of the circumstance
affiliated with   tho   organized    Labor living, is an  emphatic repudiation o:
movoment at present or not. al democracy, and the denial of its^ex ,,ti,f,,ti„n nf individual
' ' istonco.   It doos not seem thnt any fur- ! '"»   >»«' satisfaction  ot   individual
*       *       * ther argument is nocessnrv to make that ; quiromcnla—including,   of   course,   in
Labor, both organized and unorganiz-  clear. [ \™W instances, sustenance nnd cnie ot
the young during the dependent period
■ Nothing is gathered for any other pur
many patriots for publication helped to
oftentimes bb^nocoptod ns pcarls|givon  tho  money pqujyalonl for^ such  float t]1(l orjginnl issue of these (liber-
owed j jy)   bonds.''    Men    of    lnrge    means
, 'lf,m  bought big blocks in order that gossip
And it appears that the first, and in his master or anyone else, would lie or (iH» newspapers might mako the fact
fuel the only qualification necessary lo have been nny less a slave? If so, why? yn0Vt-i.    Bui these men had no intention
become a  great lender of the common j  of lotting th(1 ,mtion UB0 ,|,0ir dollars
herd, n veritable pillar ot light to the Roosevelt the mucous, is busily on-lOVi0n jn a ,,r0„t emergency—it wns go-
downtrodden toilers of the enrth, is the Raged in making a noisy bid for renew- in„ )o 1)e ,i,0 ncxt man»8 dollars. So
command of wealth of sufficient mngni- od popularity. Ho is mouthily aad eon- thc m.ifiinni buyorfl neld their bonds
udo to deary demonstrate to tho mob tinually "going over the top" ngninst on] j enough to keep from break-
tho superior brnin power of the posses-, the  Wilson  ndministrntion and all  of hng tho market   s' "     "
ed, is to be congratulated  upon this
progressive action of tho convention. It
should be considered as n veritable rainbow of promise to the Labor world of
this province, that has long been the
football of adverse fortune to be kicked
up and down the turnpike of capitalism
by whichever gang of politicnl roustabouts o? the ruling class co,ild dangle
before the tlfactorioa of their dupes the
most seductive carrots of promise. It
is the herald of the coming time when
the laborera, having attained the intel- ruU plnw pnt(1|)t|l)l, ifl pr0Btfng hi
ectual stature of manhood, will ^ no [8ohomc nf m,ir(i,M. ,,„,] np[M t,n ii con-
longer depend upon masters and their LluBion and drenching the patient enrth
tools to safeguard and furthor the in- with thc Mofld of his vi(.tjm8- It J8
teresta of themselves and their class
in thc struggle fer life,
s no word more fro- j p0ap tlmn tll(1 U80 of ,]H, individual who
quently spoken nt the present lime than , gathers or otherwise obtains it. In
that of "democrncy." It is used by other words, food, shelter, ole. nre pre
every hypocritical reactionary, who is ; duced for uso by thoso who prod.ie)
too cowardly to come out in tho open thom. And Ihe animal of the forest i.
and disclose' his purposo, ns a soothing- jns truly a producer of those thingi
ly seductive lullaby to p,it simpletons j man himself.
to  sleep  whilo  the  chnins  of  slavery,  by man nnd his energies directed by the
tyranny  and  ruling clnss  infamy are, master, that his strength can be turned
still more securely rivelted upon thoir to any other channel thnn that of siitl
limbs. In the iinnio of democracy, every; fying his own inclinations and
,,,..■, ,;    ,   ,  ,  mt; mi- "...-iv*!.    sharply.    By degrees
soi, tor let  it be known to all, that its shortcomings, both of omission nnd;llie_ imloaded in order to reinvest for
brain power is measured in this bour- commission.   This raucous ass is some-;, proftt8t»   Tt nppoura flint their i
gooifi world  so o]y by   ho nmount of how strangely remindful of a sideshow ,■    unloading depressed the market
filthy lucre thaf it is able to corral.        frenh doing his own spieling. yicoJ for those  choice   securities  to  a ■
* *        * ! considerable   -extent.     All    of   which
„.,,.„., .,    .    . ..        Somo there nro who still fancy that CnUBC8 SOtae folks to wonder if thoso
Chnrlos M. Schwab, president of the lho purpo80 of tho pol co department is <«Tjniorty Bonds" are renlly Ihe gilt-i
Bethlehem Steel corporation, is a man to purge the community of crime and cdgcd and exceedingly choice securities
Itlionlv whon enXvod'! "f great woalth, and consequently of suppross all tendency in that direction. Ithat   McAdoo   led us to believe thoy |
groat power.    Being a man of woalth [This peculiar delusion is closely akin to worfl when hfl indUCed us bv his smooth |
he must,  of  necessity, bo  a  may   of thnt other old hallucination thatMMs |tftUt to invost our flurplH8 thoroin. Some
With man it is different, however
will   enslave  his  fellows   nnd
mouthed by every stool-pigeon and in
i tollcotual harlot in the service of nil-
' ors and their sinister interests
When the working class goes into
politics upon class linos, thus severing
all connection and sympathy with the
political and economic, schemes and policies of the ruling or master class, it is
equivalent to tho abandonment of thc
blind alloy that lends to nowhere, and
taking to the opon road that loads to
deliverance from the galling bonds of
servitude and misery and to the attainment of thut freodom and democracy of
which sages have dreamed and poets
sung all down through tho nges. And
by taking to that opon road tho work
era of B, 0. will bo b.it following In
tho path already biased by the Russian
Bolsheviki, and soon to bo trod by the
progressive proletariat of the world.
lands, for tho purposo of sanctifying even unto death in tho service of othor
their infamous crimes with tho halo of animals of his species. As a slave he
loyal piety that is supposed to rest , foods othors rather thnn himself. Ho
upon the brow of those who loudly pro-._ provides the choicest of food nnd rni-
fess to worship at the shrine of domoc-1 ment for othors and goes often ill-tVd
racy. It falls from lho lips of ovory in- and scantily clothed and housed him-
voternte enomy of ronl freedom and do- SPlf, Hut it is nol been iso ho can not
moenicy wilh all of the pious auction provide for himself for huneolf, but be-
that is the chief stock in trade of do- cause ho is compelled to do for others
signing rogues nnd which past masters, that which they should, in common do-
in Ihe nrt of hypocrisy know only too coney if for nothing else, do fnr thorn-
well how to simulate. 'selves.    Every mouthful of food uud
.IV     muni,      ..i.      in*. inn*l ) ,      ....      «      itttiv      "*■-   I , if* fi      il_       'l'1*1*   ■***.'   I'livni   uu.    duiuiuq   iihuiuiih     wvuiv
lirnins. Thnt is strictly ncenrrtinu tn;"10 pnrpoip, aim nnd object of '■*•■ folks even pretend thnt nny prono.mepcl
the bourgeois formuln duly mnde nnd modioli fraternity tn eliminatei disrate. I disposition upon the part of nstute eiip*
provided. Therefore, anything thnt Mr. I" »H tn<* category of' hjmnn obsessions italists to iinlnnd, is usually prompt*
Schwnb mnv snv. must'nnd quite prn* these two are prnbnbly the most cro* \eA b „ ]n|,k of fnHh in ,hj v,llm, ,|f
He , perly shojld, entry great weight.   And tesque and outstandingly Microti!.. thc thing unlonded.  It is further claim*
nmpcl  it will so carry, not particularly bocanso '     ~ ' cd that they never willingly let loose of
„       ,       ,,     ,    ,    ,     ,    ,,.    .,.,,,  of the wisdom that mnv nttnch tn his'    A™ now a Brnndnn pnrsnn, nnd a i      thi,,h h ,,_)„„„„ ,,,    Be thnt
them to gather food, etc., for hiln I   ho h     fc { [h_ a        ,„„„ Presbyterian one nt   hat, has deserted J/,t mfe     „,„ „„„&„«„, , mos,
can.   Upon the other hand, ho will sub*  Ma_hm]  pr„p0r,io„8 given him  in his wife nnd four children nnd a wnr* f     fl an§'doop-aeatocl ignorance in remit to being thus enslaved and ;ir.vc„   ^_      .g _( <u H ^ ^^ of rant |, „„, f„,* his arrest upon a charge '       ,fl ,h(, vi[(uc or 04,rwj„ of nm.
his grent wealth and'consequent hour* <•' hnving seduced a 18*ycnr*old girl. »nd 0„ inv(,atrac„t8, either bonds or
genis importance, Fnr, blink the fnct who was nursemaid at thc pnrsnnage. othcr contrnptions of flnnncial flimflnin.
ns we mnv, the slaves yet worship nt r*"* it* ba that even the mantle ol «;:AU t)lat wc cvcr ),„a wcnt wr0*jg .,0y
the shrine of the gods thnt typify Dunn-,"'™."' holiness is no assured safeguard'hoWi   And thnt is „n fr0 <.„,.„ to know
Assets ....
.. 03,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
oither party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Gamble StB.
But il is all humbug
and hypocrisy of the ni
when it falls from thc
Called statesmen and  apologists of til
ruling clnss.   Kvc
in ruling class sn,
it   and  that   riinw
every article nf clothing, shelter, etc.,
thnt he has to provide for others, is
that niach of his life force thai Is taken
from him without nnything being given
in return. Thore m tin eomponsnlion.
He is merely bled tn thai extent and
his life niado misrnlili* nad narrow iji
ty. thnt is a part of proportion. Tt is merely n matter of
pirntinn  from   slavery.    And the maimer in wliich the
It is pretense
st hrnr.cn kind
lips of the so*
.   Inffi
forco and interest
Iotoctlon in this province, The Win-  thut   source,  tn   as    ■inmistuhahly  nn , products of his toil are tnken from him
nipeg  Voice becomes, perhaps un- [ enemy of all democracy and liberty as'. does not niter the enso.   Tudor chattel
consciously, quite humorous.   Speaking; is tho Oerninn kaisor whom those vory ritlVOry he was literally driven under
of  tho  Bucooflsfut contestant   in   thc i interests are so fervently cursing with ; the lwth in tho production of things for
Newcastle   district,  woll-simulated   zeal  and" with  such  n  his master.    Under the present wago
RESURRECTION   The    Voice     says:  close approximation to genuine enthu«i-1 slavery his services aro bought in tho
ini success in this mad scramble for »E:»»f H»e intrusion of sinful thoughts - b ^ ^
pelf, sarcastically termed   civilization, ^d the predilection  io equally sinful * 	
Rut when it so hnpponsthnt a groat nr'f'-
capitalist and "captain of Industry" is '
able to read the signs in tho social skv Samuel Gompors, tho eminent ocono-
cono.llv. and has the courage tn set misl of the American Iteration of
forth Ihe truth therein recorded, niter- Labor, declares mosl solemnly thnt "In-
Iv regardless of the fact that whnt he bor is not a commodity. In this he is
sees approaching in the near future will nHv backed ap by tho Clayton Act. a
completely .ipsot the age-long privileges profound legnl enactment that sprang
nf tho class to which he belongs, nnd, Ml fudged from the brain of tho U,«.
in fact, turns ils bourgeois world tnpsv- ingress, ns Juno sprang from the brnin
Inrvv, nnd bring its ancient philosn- nf .Tore. ThiH being thnsly, whnt in
phlea lo wreck and ruin, ho is at least Wheel is Samuel and his faithful en-
ontitlod to credit for his eouraee and horts "collectively bargaining" about
his words should be given careful con- anyhow?
I sideration bv economic friend and toe
fiUke, |    "My nrdent  daily wish in that  my
,,,        ^ # ! beloved people without arrogance but
I     At a recent dinner of the Almuni of'' ^f n dp(,P c°nscioujn*M of their right
ii.     %t       -w   i    ft t.   i      » nn« power, may externally and inter
file   New   York   Grammar   school,   of 1 nally in the wish of self-discipline pre-
The Bank of British North America
Eit*bl!intd tn 1136
Branches  throughout   CtnacU  «nd   it
Savliip Departnwnt
wu in the legislature before, and as
a fiocialint, at tho timo when the two
Socialist memberB practically hold the
government in offlco." Now, this is
rich, indeed. That silly old canard,
that the MoBride govornment was kepi
io power hjr tho two lono Socialist mom
Hawthornthwaite . asm ns to deceive even the most critical
eyewitness of the stagey performance
It requires no more than a bare modi-
e,nn of common sense to realize tho impudent falsity of the pretense that masters nnd master class interests are seizing their slavos and forcing them tn
tho cannon's mouth for the purpose of
destroying thoir right to rule nnd rob
bers of tho houae (Hawlhornthwaito 1 thoso very slaves themselves and Hi
and. WilliaiHfl) waa for so long repeated : follows throughout the earth. Nn more
by the disgruntled Libofals of this prov- ] self evident falsehood was ever uttered
ince, whoso olfactories wore so tantnl* by tho impudently lying lips of conscl-
ized hy the sweet incense, arising from i onceloBS   and   unscrupulous  rulers and
which he is n graduate, Mr. Schwab do- serve their union until the final victory
open market and he is driven. ligura- , dared that the time is near at hand, of our ftrms lays the foundation for the
lively, under the lash of necessity to nc-j "when the men of the working clnRs'glftd news of the unfolding of their
copt the price nnd perform the service. | —the men without property—will eon* mental and economic power," says
tho result is the snme. The master gets j trol the destinies of the world. The kaiser Bill of Germany. When it comes
his living for nothing.   The slave pro-1 Tlnlsheviki   sentiment   must   bo  taken flown  to the peddling of meaninglesa
into consideration, and in the verv near |"bull con" even Woodrow Wilson has
future we must look to the worker for nothing to speak of on the versatile
a solution of the great economic ques* and volatile William.
tions now being considered.   I ani not I 	
rvnc tn carelessly turn nvor my belong-1 The people's commissioners, under the
Ings fnr the uplift of the nation, but I Bolsheviki government of R.issia, have
nm one who hns come to tho belief thnt (decreed a state monopoly of gold. Evi*
the worker will rule and the sooner wc flontly realizing thnt tb-ov are dealing
the treasury bonohOB that were so in
and yot so far away, thftt many of them
really for a long time believed il to bo
true. Tho most of thom know differently now, how-over. An occasional petrified bonehoad of the PlioOCono period
Btill mumbles tho weird talc and liar-
rows his inmost aoul with painful reflections over tho wrecked anticipations
their vulgnr and pliant tonls, tlmn thnt.
And that this lying and hypocritical pre
louse is noisily fulminated by every
agency of class rule and robbery, goes
witho.it Buying, Tlio moaning and purpose behind il all is indeed sinister, mid
bodoa ill to ihe deceived slaves who are
boing immolated upon the altar of ruling class  exploitation   and   slaughter
of  thw   gallant  Liberal   nhftlftnx   thftt  Rut oven more sinister is tho fact thai
drooled at the m«,ith during those his-  th'
toric days.
*        *        *
As a plain mattor of fact, tho McBride government at all times hold nn
absolute majority in tho houso. Out of
its 42 members, 28 woro ConBorvfttivfls,
17 were Liberals, 2 were socialists and
noisy chorus of falsehood nnd d
boing Immensely Bwollon bv
the raucous loyalty of tho great bulk
of tbo officialdom of orgnnized labor tn
Ihe baneful interests that fatten and
batten upon shivery and are now busily
engaged in deceiving und driving slaves
by millions to their own undoing nnd
wholesale slnughter.    These nre indeed
duces it for tho snme recompense, And
thore is no surplus in either case. The
slavos food themselves nnd nil who are
not slaves' They do that as truly under
tho prosent form of slavery, ns Ihey did
under feudal serfdom or chattel slavery,
A comparatively fow slavos nro now engnged in nsef.il production, i. e.f tho
production of fond, clothing, shelter and j ronlizo it tho better it will be fnr our! with savages outside of Russia, whose
tho fow other really necessary things , country nnd for the world at large." !ftppetites can only be appooaod with the
of life.   AU tho rOBt, both mnsters and ^        „t        # j yellow motal, they have  ordered  the
slaves, aro either idle or are engnged .    .     -commandeering of nil articles of gold,
in the production of thing, that, no , And these words come from the head nb(Jve fi ^^ wpifihtj ,n fh(l ^^ rf
matter how essential thoy may be to of one of the greatest American eorpor- private persons and concerns. Tho
ruling clnss purposes, are not essential ntions. a concern thnt hns gathered |churches are to surrender thoir gold
to the comfort, sustenance, health and countless millions of profit from the'trinkets and gowgawB fnr tho worldly
happiness 6f human kind. Not more wnr \n Kurope, and is duo to ronp other purposo. Tf Iho Bolsheviki succeeds in
thnn otie-f|nartor—and probably far less j millions ore il is finished. And yot Mr, locating the New Jerusalem, it will
than that—o fthe able bodied adults 111 ; Schwab states only that which hns been probably tear up the pavement and cnn-
human socioty flre tnday engnged in tiao- long apparent to many students and vert it* into tho coin of commerce,
fnl production. All tho rest livo upon thinkers in fnr humbler walks of life. Workors nnd other sinners would hnvo
these producers nf the renlly necessary1 Ho stales only Hint which is plain to no Valid reason to object. Tt isn't their
thlngfl of life.   Tho essential things of  nny nne who has eyes with which to sec, pavement, anyway,
life, the things that are act,inlly neces-] nnd  ears  with   which   tn  hear.    And,  —
sarv to the sustenance, comfort and when Mr. Schwnb, whoso every class It is announced that tho.U.S. author-
well being of Iho nice, comprise by [interest would naturally tend to blind ities have recontly shipped a party of
no moans a vory extensive list. And him to the facta as set forth, ean sec fi4 Germans from Angel Island, Cnli-
thoso are chiefly produced in thc cnun- j and interpret the meaning of the signs fornia, to Hot Springs, N.C., for per-
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
OranviUe and Fender
Don't itow awajr your apan
ca»h In any old comer where It ii
in danger from burglars or flre.
The Merchants Bask of Canada
offers yon perfect safety for y«nr
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small,
Interost allowed on savings deposit!.
W, 0. JOT, Manager
Hastings ud Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
I Capital Paid-up 0 12,011,700
Reserve Fund nnd Undivided Profits     14,504,000
Total AsBCts   335,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of whioh 10S
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, erery payday.   Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal. FK1BAY...... February 1, 1918
Assurance is given that tho Entente
has not the slightest intention of so destroying Germany as to prevent hor
papulation from working. Aa wicked
as eur ruling class may bo, that is a
dep* of infamy to which it scorns to
siu. The right of slaves to work if
they ean find any one to grant them
tht privilege, shall be held sacred. In
faee "we" will shed the last drop of
•bt slaves' blood in its defence.
••rman slaves in industry appear to
He causing thoir masters considerable
attaeinosB. Strikes are roported to be
om ii practically all the large industrial
eoatres, involving immense numbers of
mm. Needloss to Bay the masters are
rewrting to even the most brutal moans
U bring tho striking workmen back to
ttelr normal condition of docility and
fMtHfulnoss, It is with great sorrow
thn. we are called upon to chronicle the
feet that the workers of that land are
a»* enjoying the life-giving freedom
a»*i democracy that makes existence
one sontinued ronnd of pleasure and
happiness to the fortunate dwellers in
the Wnitcd States of Arcndia and Can-
mje* Slavery in those happy realms is,
(if (Worse, unknown, glory be!
14 is rather interesting to note that
Phiip Snowden and Ramsay Maedon-
t\\m\, members of the British parliament,
whi hut a year ago were considered
hu-A low down pacifists that they were
breaded as "pro-Germans," and would
haive heen deservedly destroyed by the
mefc had thoy not been guarded by the
peftee, participated in the recent Labor
conference nt Nottingham, and their
pa*i*st policies were given an attentive
aed even approving hearing. This af-
fsr-li an indication as to the way "pro-
<taManism" ia iiTading the ranks of
British Labor. It does, by the gosh of
"■imseruey" and the "rights of small
nafctns." The idea of pacifism becoming popular fill* us with an intensely
loyal disgust.   It does for a fact.
'Jffhe Washington administration has
At last decided to allow peace lectures
ts be delivered within the sacred pre-
ciitta of the "greatest democracy on
earth," As a safety first measure,
however, the holding of such meetings
is te be under the charge of George
Creel, general "handy man" and cuspi-
der manipulator around the White
Heme. Criticism of Congress and dis- j
cussion nf universal military training, i
cither pro or eon, is to be taboo. In dis-1
mussing the president's views speakers I
nwst uso tho text of his speeches as j
printed in Albert Shaw's recently is- j
sued "President Wilson's State Va-l
pers and Addresses." All "indiscretions" nnd criminating statements
have been deleted from this edition,
and the president considers it sufficiently safe nnd sane to withstand adverse
criticism. No, no, gentle render, thc
Washington administration is not located ii Germany, that land of autocracy
and tho donial of all freodom nnd de-
meeraev.   Nn  indeed!
J* *
^Hh^P^ x!*m\_---_--WE_________,
m___i_^_^____    ___
SSL        k    -.                                enW  '"
'     l^H                                 <m\n_m^^^'^^—m^n—      e\n\n\W-
■' ■'___\\W&&
Yi'i-f''>•>■' i                     " v.         '
*•     *#          *"
■■■   Iff
*■-.*.'.    ."-"'■'        *  ■*.
The first woman member of the B, C. L egislature, who addresses the Women's
Minimum Wage League tonight in Labor Temple, upon thc desirability of
legislation providing for a minimum wage for women, and other questions
affecting the interests of women wa ge-workers.
The Triumph of Prussianism
in the Land of the
Southern Seas
Bx-Socretnry of War Garrison declares in an address, that Prosidont Wilson "must welcome well-intentioned
criticism" can only be defined as the
kind that doesn't hurt, lt mny bo safely asserted that the president welcomes
critteiara." Ho must draw to his side
ihe ablest aids the country affords.
As  "woU-intontioncd   criticism
Tale to Be Profitably Read
by Slaves of Canada
and United States
Tlio following remarkable document
wus compiled by Mr. E. Holland
(editor of the Maorilnnd 'Workor) at
the instigation of tho Australian Ahti-
in    ordor
.(in j Conscription Labor party
only bo defined ns the kind that that Australians may know what had
doosn't hurt, it may bo safely' really happened in New Zealand unassorted that tho president welcomes Mor oonscription. Tho rovclatlons con-
ffiS-^IS/n-lL'-1^ i!)S   „°8M™; llll»°<-     thowin     demand     publicity
it dtnned into our ears that we "must
honorably keep our obligations to the
When the 1914 elections wero
fought, shortly after the outbreak of
war, conscription was not seriously
mentioned by any government candidate, nor yet was it advocated by any
Liberal candidate. Tho most extreme militarists left thc mattor severely alone. No sooner was tho election over, however, than the liberals
hastened to make an alliance with
the Tories, and towards the middle
of 1915 an insidious propaganda was
commenced in a section Of thc press
for conscription.    Capitalism general-
expression was practically denletd.
premises were raided, and one by one
men—almost always Labor men—
were fined and jailed for "offences"
which hitherto were not offences at
all. >4B
On May 31st, 1916, the Conscription
Bill was introduced into tho house of
representatives, and about tbat time
tho Labor organlztions found the
large halls and theatres closed aaglnat
them, while outdoor meetinga were
forbidden, expeept to their political
opponents. Especially was this so ln
Evon the use of the town hall was
denied to the Labor bodies. When a
small hall was used and the meeting
overflowed to the street the speakers
who addressed the overflow were prosecuted and fined, while no action
whatever was taken against the prime
ministed, who addressed another overflow on the same day.
With only five dissentients, conscription was eventually carried
through tho house, one Labor member
(Mr. W. A. Veitch, of Wanganui)
ratting to the conscriptionists.
The administration of conscription
brought with it a more stringent application of the War Regulations and
general repression. The opposition to
conscription became more and more
pronounced, and great meetings favoring the repeal of the act were addressed by prominent Labor and Socialist spokesmen in all the big centres. In nearly every case the meetings overflowed, and hundreds were
unable to gain admission. ,
Within the cabinet a serious attempt was made to make it an act of
sedition to advocate parliamentary
repeal of conscription. "Hansard"
reporters were now told off to take
verbatim reports of Labor speeches,
and detectives appeared at almost
every Labor meeting.
In the meantime, the Industrial organizations were tn a state of seething unrest, because of the fact that
conscription had been enacted In defiance of the people's wishes. The
miners told the minister plainly that
they would Btrike on the day that an
unwilling man was taken, and the
result was that tbe coal miners wero
notified that they would not be
taken. But this sop to the mining
Cereberus was not sufficient' The
miners were not merely concerned
about thoir own liberty. They were
not satisfied that any unwilling man
should be made a compulsory soldier.
Towards the close of 1916 the government adopted a wholesale jailing
policy. Hitherto men had been taken
here and there, but now, as tho tide
of opposition to conscription rose
higher and higher, it seemed as if the
campaign of repression was being organized against the Labor movement
directly, tho idea being apparently to
strike at the movemont through its
I effective spokesmen. The first man
to be seized under tho new plan was
Robert Semple, who had not long re-
turned from  Australia, the    charges I
The recently-elected Labor member for Newcastle, Vancouver Island, who
has been a visitor all week at the e ighth annual convention of the B. 0.
Fedoration ofl Labor, and who will, along with Mrs. Balph Smith, member
for Vancouver, will address a meoting of tho Vancouver Women's Minimum Wage Loague this ovening.
workers to the battle field the employers have been using the opportunities afforded them by this abnormal state of affairs to hold dow*
wages, and the war has also beea
used to bolster up the profit making
of the exploiters. The cost of tiring has gone up from 40 to &• per
cent., but in scarcely a single case
have wages been permitted to Km
more than 10 per cent The remit
is that $15 per week Is now no better
.iian $10 prior to the war.
On wheat, on wool, meat butter,
cheese, and a few other Items, the
war profits have run well toward*
$250,000,000. The profiteers have
bled the people of this country white,
and they hare wrung huge mtllioas
from the people of Britain as well.
And they have done lt with the aU
of our Conscriptionist Oovernment.
When the Seamen's Union sought
to secure conditions that would make
life at sea reasonably safe, the government seized the general eecretarr
and th assistant secretary of the Seamen's Union and flung them Into Jail
with sentences of three months' hard
labor. The same government haa,
under the War Regulations, paid the
Union S.S. Co. nearly! three mllllea
pounds for the hiro of a few of Ita
boats, although Sir Joseph Ward had
aald that the whole of the Union Ce.'s
fleet could be, bought for a mllliM
and a half pounds.
The attorney-general, who has bee*
more active than any other member
of the cabinet In sending labor to
jail, recently advocated rebellion tf
six o'clock closing wa* carried, bat
was still allowed to remain a member
of the law-and-order eablnet, ant (s
now being appointed a supreme ee*rt
Across the Tum»n'i narrow et*ri*
of sea, we of the New Eealand I*b*r
and Socialist movement eall to yo* t*
Australia to vote down conscript!**
on December 19. If you vote for eea-
scriptton you lesosn oar eha&eeo 1*
New Zealand of politically freel nr
ourselves from thc wont evil that has
ever befallen this little country. A«<
it would not only be oar interests tbat
would suffer le you ao voted, for f»u
would be voting to eaerlflce tho brave
for the cowardlly, tho virile youth for
the conservation of senility. To*
would be voting to smash the strength
of your Labor organlstiona, to
shackle its intellects, to padlock tbo
lips of its platform protagonists, a*i
to muzzle the militant press. Ten
would be voting to make the robbery
of thc people by the profiteers easier.
You would be voting to break tbo
hearts of the mothers of Australia
and to mar tbe future of your ow*
daughters and sisters. Tou woal.lt
be voting to deluge Australia with tho
tears of her womanhood and the bit-
may be sent to jail for long yoars with   _^_
hard labor if she fails to inform on ter curses'of hermanhoodTYouwonU
her son should he happen to be such -be voting to sink Australia deep dow*
a fugitive. | tn tho hen and damnation of a slongb
We  have  almost    exhausted    the ; of oppression from which   It   woild
ly scehied to see in conscription a ; aaglnst him being based on political
safeguard against Labor's demands,! speeches in condemnation of con-
nnd it was not far wrong, as events j scription. The Maoriland Worker of-
havo proved. In duo time tlie de- j nCG was raided, and the raid was fol-
mands of the papers became more in- i lowed by the arrest of James Thorn,
Histent. and certain politicians began j pred R. Cooke, and others,
to say—somewhat timorously at first; in December a second nntl-con-
and then moro brazenly—that they : scription conference was held in Wcl-
would support conscription it' It iHngton, at which practically 50,000
should  bo  found ^that we could not I workers    were    represented.      Whilo
'"" '      '" «""     ■■•* that conference was sitting    an    at?
I tempt was made to force a police en-
othorwlse "keep OUR obligations to that conference wus sitting an at
tho Empire. As the Labor bodies tempt was made to force a police en-
began to awaken to tho danger that trance, and eventually the conference
was threatening, the Tory-Liberal secretary, Peter Fraser, one of the
loaders wore found at first indignant- most brilliantly tnteiwimi  mon    in
Itgnant-1 most brilliantly intellectual men in
contemplated "New Zealand, was seized and dragged
KinttniK ih„n 10ff |Q priHon . Next morning, Tom
Brlndlo, the Wellington UR.C.'s delegate, was flung into the cells. Other
arrests followed In rapid succession.
In overy caso bail was refused. In
ovory case also thc sentences were
uniformly one year's Jail, until it wus
ly denying that they
the imposition of conscription: then
they, too, began to hint that conscription might bc necessary to help us ot
"keep ur obligations." etc. Eventually wo found Sir Joseph Ward tolling a Southern audience that, although   he kne    wconscriptlon    was    _    _ „
„,„„,„, umuuiiu iiuuuuiiy .Prussian militarism, he would be pre--! discovered thftt the term disqualified
Rurlrson, and Gregory, and son-in-law,.. „..,_,,.„, .. ,,,,„.,„ wnrli, Jin. __„ pared to vote for It if it was nocos- i tlie sentenced men as soldiors. Then
Orozior, and othor brilliants too mimor* j ffiriy^ ff^SmS™   ^ °Uf pP0W"  lhe  ""V"10"  bcame  uniformly    ll
ons to mention? Then there is'Fatty,M S),ltps i^or Socialist press: I Empire. , months for mn of military ago.    The
Taft. on the outside, to say nothing of ' »pj10 organized working olass move-j -u ,ast tlic Government decided to infliction of these uniform sentences
Mr. S. Gompors, who is al least in dose mont In New Zealand—industrinl and onEorco national registration. This] led to the suspicion that the magls-
tolephonio roach in enso of emergency. j political, "Moderate Labor" and j wus tn0 flpst rfial 8t°P ln thc direction Urates had their instructions, and, in -
And Ihoro is Iho Colonel Roosevelt "one. "Extreme Socialist"—is unoompromt- Pf uonacr*Pt*on- Thfi national register deed, the attorney-general, Mr. Herd-
vou know, the doilghtv hero of Snn singly against conscription. Confer- waa takon;at ,tho 1end10I ,1916't,th* """?' WJ,S JrhiiT?cj\n ^"anient with
".lunn where he shot a "flooing Span- once after conference, whother It has ffovornmont solemnly pledging itself having instructed the magistrate as to
ard « the hi ck " as 1 c 1is m cloSrlv i bo(-n a conference of the trade union- ito «» People that the register would he sentences they should inflict, and
end u-o ,t sol forth 1 v tho se of Ws, a confofnc of the political bodies, not bo used in any way in connection : ho did not deny the charge,
.ind sii.'untiy set Turin l)j  im  use ot | ^   (   (,omhl,10|,   confQt.oncQ  0f  trado Iwith  conscription.    How   much   that      After the December conforonco the
unions, politicals, anti-politicals,    and j I'™"11*,0 counted for may be guessed , fooling against conscription grew    in
other bodies,  has declared  by over- !wnon  "■ ls mentioned  that the very j Intensity, and tho ran .' and file of thi
age they were subjected to cruelties
and Indignities, and a number of them
have since been forcibly    taken    to
France.   At the time of writing these
boys' mothers had not been able to ! „ ,... .._
ascertain what had happened to them, j f*rst division, and the military Moloch  tako centuries to recover.
Under our Conscript Law, teachers  reaches out for every lad as he   at-1    What shall It profit you if, whe*
are refused exomption, but the gov- tainH h*8 twentieth year.   Next Janu- your soldiers return from blood-soak-
ernment arranges for exemption for a-*y the married men are to start to  ed trenches   and    tragic   battleflefdo
policemen and jail warders.    An at-  so into camp.    Anxiety and trouble . that are whitened by  the   bleaching
tempt wns made recently to  secure ' fills every  life,  sorrow  overshadows  bones of ten million men—what shall
exemption     for     teachers,     Marist t the days of every mother, every wife, j It profit you tf they find that all the
brothers, and clergymen.   The propo-  every sweetheart. The transports that i liberties   they    believed   they   were
sal was'carried in the lower house ! steam north and west every month [ fighting for in that unspeakable hell
but the upper house threw it out.    ' | carrv away a living freight of unwlll- \ of carnage   have   been destroyed i*
Scores of the very best citizens in Ungness,    Tho  parting  scenes would ■ their   own sunny Australia?    What
New Zealand aro now hard labor prls- j baffle description.   Young wives with  shall It profit you ir having   fought
oners in our common jails.    Among! babes in their arimj—ftll men married ( Prussian militarism abroad, your sol-
those prisoners are some of'our most smce May<  1916, are Nun& mt0 tbe  diers find it despotic and arrogant oa
accomplished educationalists. Well on I first division; aged mothers with do-  their return? What shall It profit you
towards FIVE THOUSAND ARE FU- i eolation In their lives, crowd to the s if your soldiers come back to  flni
GITIVES IN   THEIR   OWN COUN-' camps.   Tho farewells are no Inoger j Prussian kultur Insolently triumphant
TRY    Thev are pursued from place Iaal(- a^ the waterside, for a reason | in Australia?   .Is there not a poasl-
to  place-   thoy  are  hunted  through i that. Is obvious.    No longer do  the (blllty  in the vory thought to make
the hills and 'tracked down    in    tlie! cjierorlngr thoiiBanda rend the day or. men pause?   wrtw„v.   i     4TTejfnili
towns.    Roth the military police and  the bands play through ^f^L^^^J^^.^-J^^r
the civil police are em Moved against  ThP atmosphere is now a subdued at-   LIA.   BE   WARNED   itY   THE   KX-
S!m.   PHvato employs'are fSrtld- i ™*vhere.   Women como day by day IPERIENCE OF NEW ZEALAND!
den to give them work under heavy ito  thoso  ot  ua who are  known   to '    As >'ou vallle all that    makes   for
penalties   although there is an enor-  f'Bht Labor's battles^—they como with  good; as you hate all that makes for
inous shortage of labor as the result-1 breaking1 hearts and streaming eyes,  evil; ns you hope for liberty, and as
of the draining   away    of the able-  ann* what comfo,'t can we K*vo them?  you dread the chains of slavery—
bodied workors.    A boy's own mother '    While wo have boen compelling the      VOTE  DOWN CONSCRIPTION!
iiii* valiant pen.    Of co.irse tho president did not exactly "draw" the gnl-1
Innt and also blatant colonel
the colonel wished   himsolf   upon   the
Wilson administration in his own pccul
iar snd inihiitabto way, oven tho captious critic must allow that ho i.s using
the only tnlent that an all-wise Provi
ft-ltnoiign j wlictuiing majorities aaglnst conscription. From the vory boglnning a
vast majority of the workers were op-
posed to the Idea of it, but it required
the bitter experionce of a terrlblo year
of It'i administration to convince many
.lenee hath given him in the only way I outside of ^"-hor's ranks of^ the far-
he knows how, to strengthen the hand
aid stiffen the backbone of the Wilson
administration. Under sueh fortunate
cirenmntnne.es Wilson is n in ply reinforced for the conflict, nnd Garrison
■don't know what he is talking about.
reaching evil of it. Today it may be
snld, without fear of serious contradiction, thnt if the people could wrest
from the combined Liberals and Tory
element now functioning ns a national
povernment the  right which you  in
j Australia will  once more exercise on
Decembor   20th—tho    right    to vote
There linn been n lot of price-fixing; "Yes" or  "no"  on   the   conscription
that did  not fix anything except the ] question,    their   decision    would    bc
attention of silly nsses who possess n»i'no JW nulte a three to one major-
understanding ol the unwritten laws of «J*  ™<> ^Z^lT^tT, S5t K
.,  ,. ,      *\ n_       *.     a\.     « I well that it dare not permit a vote to
capitalist exchnnge; there bas boon *L     ukon     n  ^ ^ pxtpndcd  Ua
lot of   food-saving  piffle peddled pro- own Ufo by ft yea,.p not oven bcing
fnsely thnt saved  nothing, as far ft» wtlllnff to  trust tho  electors  in  the
iho great mass of the working peoplo parliamentary constituencies,
■are concerned, for thoy never had any- [    The   torm.    "Prussian   militarism,"
thing to save anyway except their Im-jas applied to conscription fn New Zea
ivuwii ii. i» iiiuiiLiuinju uiiil mo vei-y i inieiisiiy, nno uio run ; ar
cards signed by the men registering , industrial organizations clamored for
wero the cards that were usod in action to be taken to defeat the act,
drawing tho conscription ballots this ! but thc officials of tho union were
year. The men between 19 and 45 gonernlly against a strike. Thc overyears of ngo who signed the register ; increasing cost o fllving. amounting
numbered 193,341, of whom 80,000 j to 40 or 50 per cent, accentuated
men of military nge declared them-(the unrod. The coal miners asked
selves unwilling to go abroad to for a 17 J-2 per cent. Increase in
fight. The men who expressed them- j wages, and thc employers refused
selves willing to undertake military | oven to discuss the matter. A go-slow
service abroad numbered 11-,77S, and j striko followed, and the government
of these 61,7941 were married men {at once ranged itself on the side of'
(the vast majority of whom apparent- | tho mine-owners, thc War Regula-
ly never dreamt that they would be j tions were applied, and the principal
asked to go; they seemed to think thc
single mon would provide all thc soldiers required), while 16,671) were
singlo men with dependents. Only
34.19S woro single men without dependents.    Had    the    answer    "yes"
officials of the    Minors'    Federation
and the various unions were arrested
and taken away secretly, without their
wives even  knowing whore they were |
boing  taken.
Then   the   rank     and     file   of  the
mortnl souls, and that sort of saving
.Tonld win no glorious wnr for demnc-
r.ir.y hero on -enrth; there has boon a
lot. of  gjff  spread  around nbout the
mation of war profits and all that, but
in  spite of it  all  Ihe condition of the
srent, common herd  hns been steadily
going from bad to worse, nnd the grip
uf capital upon the throat of Labor has I h.k...
not heen lessen-ed so ns you could no-,    immediately following the outbreak
lice   it.   Governmental   authority   has, of wnr, Mr.  (now Sir James)  Allen,
meant  automatic  enrolment   for  thc I minors' unions, going over the heads
trenches, as it ought to have dono,  of their new executive, forced a strike
the  noes  would    undoubtedly    have i against   conscription,   tn   which   they
represented a tremendous majority, in , were supported hy thc gold miners of
which  case conscription  might  never j Roefton.    Ministers of Ihe crown has-
have been enacted.      Because thou-  toned  to negotiate with  the strikers.
land,  Is Sir Joseph  Ward's creation. Isands ?,f mnrrlp(l mon ^f^m\ "yes'*  and  called   to  their    aid  tbo  Labor
Therefore the government, of which   ^"V1?1! noVor m0£nt   S'CS'   M£e I member  fo'' Orey   Mr.  P. C. Webb
Sir Joseph Wnrd is half-leader   will ' Znn  ™v|alon    agitation    new   pretty  In tlie end a bargain was mado with
not object  to  Its general  use. *How j clearly Indicates, they made conscrip-[ the minors that if tbey would return
conscription    was    imposed
people,  without   thoir    consent.
how It is continued. In defiance of
their wishes, together with some of its
appalling results, I shall endeavor to
ij/'jtion inevitable, and are now caught jto work the prosecutions against their
nJlfj   In n trap of their own sotting. There [officials Cor the go-slow strike would
hoea extended over various industries;
railways have been ostensibly brought
under thc hands of government; democratic nspirnnts for military heroism
have been carefully selected for the
coveted honors, nnd their valuable lives
insured agninst the mishaps of an nd-
vorse fate; nil of theae things and many
mere have been done by the paternal
hand of government, but the slave is
"till a slave, and his portion in life in
ihe narrow aud uncertain one of a cheap
and nasty piece of merchandise, bought,
sold, bartered, exchanged, shipped and
shifted about ii a ruthless world's
market, just like old rags, bottles and
sacks or any other jnnk. Some Interesting when you eome to think of it.
To Federationist
PletiB romember tbtt no lottnr
acknowledgment of nuhicrlp-
tlom or renewal* "*ro mads, *
The address Ube. on yonr
paper carrion the date to which
your ^inscription la paid. If,
After forwnniinf- monies to thftt
offlco, the correct change In
your lahnl date la not made,
notify iih fit onco. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
nond it to thin offlce—not to
the other feltow. Thim yun
wtll pet matters adjusted, snd
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Lahor Temple.
Van con Ter, D. O.
minister of defence,  without  In  any
is a thunder-voiced lesson here for
the married men of Australia. They
the asked to cust tbelr ballots to compel the single men to tho trenches,
and  If they are  foolish  enough  to  bo
led into the commission <>( that political  outrage against  all  thai   const)-
lie called off, no one connected with
the anti-conscription strike would he
prosecuted• and no coal miner or
metal   miner   would     he   forced   Into
ramp,    Tho ink  was hardly dry on
the minister^'    signatures,    however,
when Messrs. O'Brien and O'Rourke
were  arrested   and  sentenced   to     11
months for speeches made at a political meeting.    Later on thn member
for Groy was arrested, held a month
coeded tn tell tbo people    tbat    they   I11"0™'"^ worth?    floes not. his record [ without  bail,  and   then  sentenced  to
must  "keep  their obligation  to  tbo  furnish the answer.    As disastrously three months' hnrd labor for a polt-
Moth«r Country.     Our first, oxpedl- aa "ie married men's turn has oome  Heal speech.
tlonary force was organized accord- 'ln Now Zealand, so will it como in | Tn alt, the Labor movement at one
Inglv there being no lack of volun- I Australia if a majority Is recorded stage hud 20 of Its prominent men ln
teers,' and It consisted of 7761 mon, 'or conscription on Decembor 20th. jail, practically all of them having
Mr,   Allen's   promise   was   that   this,    Made somewhat more confident by j been sentenced for political speeches.
way consulting the people hastened to "^ f0"1**?. am' Jnf?icr'- they will;
promise that he would provide an ox- j nd ,at Ifl/* th'lt }hcVm,Vi't crfiaie'1 " i
peditlonarv force of fiOOO mon. Hav- !'' rankensteln that will destroy thom- ,
Ing made this promise, he thon pro- SP|VW!- How much nre Mr. Hughes
  that    thoy;
force would be maintained at Its full
strength for the whole period of the
wnr, and tbls necessitated a monthly
reinforcement of 100 men.- So great,
however, was the voluntary response,
that thc main body was speedily in-
crooned, and by the time of the Gal-
lipoll retreat we were supplying reinforcements  on  a  strength  of   14
the result of the national register, tho
N.Z. Prusslanlsts got ready to move
the infliction of full conscription on
the people; and the move was met
with Indignant protests from the more
wide-awake Labor bodies, notably the
Miners' Unions, tho T.H.C.'s, nnd the
R.I1.P. Tbo Slate Miners, In a letter
to  tho premier,  declared  timt    they
000   men,   the   people   never   having i would meet thc operation of eonscrip-
been consulted about this huge In
crease in tho numbor originally promised by the minister, and a rifle brigade and other units were dully
formed out of the surplus reinforcements. In duo timo, from the accumulating reinforcements, a third Infantry  brigade  wns  created,  and  tho
tlon with industrial revolt, and other
minors* unions carried similar resolutions. In January, 1910, convened by
the Unltod Fedoration of Labor, a
conference was held at Wellington,
wtth delegates representing a groat
numbor of organizations, and, with
one dissentient, a pronouncement was
New Zoaland division was then IJttade denouncing conscription. Of all
formed, containing more than 20.000 j the trades unions of Now Zealand,
men. Wc now found ourselves called ' n"ly four small organizations re-
unon to sond away monthly drafts of fused the invitation to attend eon-
2250 men—-Just tlOUbglo the number j fcrenco, because they wore in favor
wo were originally pledged to send,   of conscription.
Up to tbo present time wo have sent' Soon after tbe January conference
nwny some SO,000 men. Including the (a series of questions was propounded
men In camp and due to go Into camp ! to tbe prime minister of Now Zealand
within the next three months, we j by tho Maoriland Workor. nnd In
have taken nbout one In ton of thelitis reply Mr. Massey once again stat-
tptol population for wnr purposes, or |ed that conscription would only be en-
one in rive of the adult population, or
one-half of tbe ndiilt mate ooplltatlon,
All the time tbo main body was be-
intr Increased In tbis way, although
we were permitted no voice In the
mattor, we were   continually   having
acted If it were found not. otherwise
possiblo to "keep OUR obligations to
the Empire."
Side by side with tho movement towards conscription came the more repressive war regulations. Freedom of
In every case the trials were held un-
dr the War Regulations. Tho government, would not trust any Jury to
try the men charged.
Month hy month, under the Conscription law, hundreds of unwilling
men arc being forced into camp, and
other hundreds aro being gazetted as
deserters. It does not matter tbat a
mnn has never takon the oath, that
bo refuses to be a soldier, that be
has never donned tbe uniform. He
Is held to have taken tho oath, be
Is held to bo a soldier, be is labelled
n "deserter," nnd treated accordingly. It does not. mattor whether he is
a Socialist objector or a religious objector. Ho Is not permitted to have
a conscience. A religious objector
told n court martial that be could not
nccept. military service because bis
trust was In God and be could not
subscribe lo tbo principle of force. He
was told, "You are trusting to a broken stick." A Socialist objector
stnted bis objections, and tbe renegade Libor man who was a member
of tho tribunal told bim ho ought to
be  thrashed.
Tn July of tbls yenr (1017 , 1-1
young men, some of ihom boys of 20,
wero forcibly placed on n transport
and tnken to England. Tbe trnns-
nort bad loft Now Zealand REFORM
HAP HEE NPONE.    During the voy-
A 3r Days' Combination
Suit and Overcoat
Beginning tomorrow rooming we will run our popular Combination Suit and Overcoat Sale for three
and one-half days, ending Wednesday at noon.
Will buy on Saturday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday morning any regular .$18.00 SUIT or OVERCOAT in
the store, together with any $2.00 pair
•f GLOVES, any 75c TIB or pair of
BRACES.   The lot I'm*  $18.00
Will buy on Saturday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday morning any reg-
alar $22.50 SUIT or OVERCOAT In
the store, excepting blue or black suits,
Oogether with a $.1.00 HAT, and $1.00
TIE or pair of BRACES, The lot for
•nly  $22.50
Will buy on Saturday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday morning any rcg-
■lar $25.00 SUIT or OVERCOAT in
the store, excepting blue or black suits,
any HAT to $3.50, any TIE to $1.25,
also any 75c pair of BRACES. All for
•nly  $25.00
Soft Preach ejtT stylo, in nont, dressy patterns.   Some
have collars to match.   Our regular (1.26 S^VJt*
and (1,60 shirts.   Oa Hale now at  Of C
J. N. HARVEY, Ltd.
...February 1, 1N«
(Continued from page 3)
ti»i effecting a compromise of the situation. Tho presont act was a farec.
At Michel, it was reported the brewery had nover changed its percentage,
for ihe minora had served notice that
they would not dig coal if their boor
wos taken away. Ho advocated the
convontion should endorse the Alberta
Federation. H eso moved.
I Del. Alexander (Vancouver), contended that prohibition had boon a good
thing for tho labor men, and this alao
was tho decision of labor men in
Del. Orr (Victoria), said the British
Columbia Prohibition Act waa not real
prohibition. Furthermore, it gave power
to dry squads to go into a man's home
and wreck it, or tako them out if they
had too much.
Del. Head (Wellington), said tho
brewerymen paid the expenses of miners' delegation to Victoria, and as to
the suggestion that boer coald bc got
at Ladysmith he had not heard of it
President Naylor, who wns on the
Viatoria delegation, said that whilo the
brewery interests might have paid for
the expenses of thc delegation, he had
gone at the request of the organization
here. No brewery intorest had paid
kin. The petition had been signed by
tke workers, and he thought it his duty
*• go.
That prohibition was bad law and
Pol. Towler (Vancouver;, contended
that prohibitum was bad law and class
legislation. As to tho statement that
lwer was injurious, he said that was
untrue, comparing tho beer-drinking
und prohibition physique.
Del. Notman (Nelson), stated the
struggle today was for exiateuce, uot
for beer and light wines.
Del. MeSweon contended that prohibition had bettered social conditions in
evory way.
D.yeu;S'lon pro und eon whs general
tn the subject of prohibition for good
•r ill.
An amendment waa offered by Del.
Day (Victoria), that tho resolution be
referred back to tho committee.
Del. Pettipiece contended that the
convention should deal with the subject forthwith. While he was absolutely opposed to tho return of the bar, his
observation had been beer was the least
harmful beverage. As for 2 per cent.
beer, it was not regulatod, was being
sold in ice cream parlors, and places
frequented by children.
Del, McVoty objected to intimations
that thc committee was prejudiced. He
said ho had opposed prohibition, and
ilid not like the uct, but it had been
decided by referendum. Thore had boen
a lot of camouflage. To ahow that the
committee was representative, he read
the personnel. The committee, he said,
would be glad to entertain aay other
substitute resolution from the brewery
With thc consent of his seconder,
Del. Pettipiece added to his resolution
a further clajse that tho provincial government be asked tp take over thc
breweries and set their own standard,
Del. Moulton (Victoria), suggested
tkat the motion should embody compensation.
Tbe amendment to the amendment,
aim the amendment, were defeated.
Tbe committee's recommendation for
Mi-concurrence in the resolution was
At this point J. D. McNiven, deputy
miiister of labor, waa asked to take a
■Mt on thc platform.
Tke recommendation of the commit-
tM regarding the resolution of the Moving Picture Machine operators against
tke business tax being applied to
tkeatres, was that it be referred to the
Trades and Labor Council. The recommendation was adopted.
Tke chairman of the committee on
Constitution and Law recommended a
tta* limit of Wednesday noon for re-
wiving resolutions.   This carried.
Del. Pettipiece introduced resolution
nitaker twelve, providing for the appointment of a committee of three for
lho pirpose of bringing in reeommend-
alffc;nn fPT the care "f returned soldiers.
The resolution was adopted and the tix-
ooitive instructed to appoint said committee.
Del. Winch drew to the attention of
tko oonvention the fact that a number
of Russians are marooned here, and not
permitted to return to their homes, the
change in government in Russia preventing the Russian consul allowing
these men to depart, though it was understood that they could leave from
the U. S. The Canadian government
will not permit them to leave for Russia unless sure they can enter Russia.
Bnt the Bolsheviki government kas
abolished passports, and the Canadian
government does not recognize the Boi-
Del. McVety moved that a vote of
thanks bo tendered to the Longshore-
men's Auxiliury for thc splendid entertainment to which tho delegates were
invited, and which they attended, on
Monday evening. Thc motion was
adopted with applause.
Just beforo the noon adjournment J.
D. McNiven, deputy minister of labor,
delivered u short address. He expressed his thanks to the convention, and
made reference to the fact that ho had
attended every one of tho conventions
of the B. C. Federation of Labor. He
nrged the same hearty support for his
■accessor as fair wage officer as had
been givon him. He also asked for a
continuation  of   support   in   his   now
Del. McVety explained that there
were three or moro bodies of roturned
Dol. Manson (Victoria), suggested
that all Boldier organizations be conferred with.
Del. Thomas advanced the opinion
that the committeo Bhould get in touch
with those who woro UBing the returned
soldiers—the executivo committees.
Del. Goodwin's request wus granted.
The convention hereupon returned to
its consideration of resolutions.
Del. Pottipieco's resolution, number
thirteen, protesting at the failure of the
provincial governmont to open company
towns, and for negligence with regard
to the enforcement of the Factory Act,
was adopted.
Resolution by Del. E. Winch, number
fifteen, respecting a joint social industries board, was discussed by Del.
Winch and Del. Thomas. The resolution
was adopted.
Local 1848, U. B. Carpenters, Victoria, submitted a resolution advocating
a provincial insuranco against sickness
and nn employment, the committee ro-
commended that the matter be referred
wago officer, to tako a scat on tho platform.
Vice-president Goodwin then took the
chair, and President Naylor opposed
tho formation of a political party suggestion, calling attention to thc Socialist party being in the field, as well as
other parties comprising laboring men,
and saying that these would oppose the
Labor party.
Dol. McCallum offered a resolution
that tho executivo report be amended,
to provide for tho calling of a political
party convention in March.
Del. Pettipiece Baid he would like to
see tho proposition settled at once.
There seemed to be a feeling that what
would be dono undor hia resolution
would be binding, but nothing was furthor from his mind. He suggested ho
would not bo opposed to the McCallum
resolution if tho date of1 tho convention
wore set for June. He thought a March
date too early.
Dol. McCallum was willing to chango
from March to June, and this was consented to by tho seconder.
Del. Wcstfall withdrew his substitute
Dol. Trotter proposed that women del-
to the executive,
Dol.   Norton    (Victoria),  spoke    at j (.gates be also* included in the amend
some length on the resolution. [ment, to which    Del. McCallum    con
Del. McVety said th* committee gavo | aented,
considerable   study to  the resolution,'
which askod for an act on the lines of
the Lloyd-George act in Britain, which
was takon from tho Bismarck act, and
passed in Germany in 1881.
Del, Hardy opposed reference to tho
subject to the executive, saying all the
light tho committee needed on it could
bo got on the floor of thc convention.
Soc'y, Wells said the resolutions committee was well advised in making the
recommendation, and if the subject
were referred to the executive necessary data on tho subject could bo obtained. In tho old country the sick
insurance had proven of benefit to thc
working peoplo who were now not returning to thoir jobs before they had
recovered, It had also been a benefit in
maternity cases, but stated that owing
to it being operated through the labor
bureaus thore was a system of blacklist.
Del. Goodwin referred to the use of
the "black list" in this connection in
the old country.
Del. Livingstone of Vancouver, stated
that workers in the olcl/country condemned this sort of insurance, and cited
duriug its session until Labor has more
representatives on the floor of tho house.
Del. McVoty asked if the deletion of
the clause would prevent sending anyone to Victoria ht all, no matter what
tho exigencies of the situation should
Del. Pettipiece suggested that thc
matter of a representative at Victoria
when thought necesaary be left to the
discretion of the executive committee.
Del. Pettipiece moved un amendment to
the amendment that tho matter be referred to the executivo with power to
act if found necessary.
Tho amendment to the amendment
carried, 50 to 7.
The motion to adopt tho committee's
report as a whole as amended was carried.
The president's report was then returned to, the clause re a Labor parly
having been passed until this subject
was dealt with by the convention. The
president's report waa adopted as
Tho secretary-treasurer's report was
adopted in ita entirety.
The report of the workmen's compensation committee was adopted in its
entirety and tho committee commended
for\their activities.
The officers' roport was adopted as a
whole, as amended.
The committee on constitution and law
reported, through ita chairman, thnt it
had two resolutions to deal with—a resolution by Del Pettipioco for a permanent paid secretary, with headquarters
in Vancouver; and by Del. Winch that
there should bc a paid secretary at $30
a week. Tlie committee moved non-
Del. Pettipiece,  in  explanation, said
Del. Pettipiece said he did not sec
why hia resolution could not be combined with tho nmended report, and
have a conference right after the convention. In this he was liberally supported by out-of-town delegates, who
suggested that if tho delegates could
take information they would got from
a conference back to their locals, a letter could in some cases stato the position of  the local in a political  party
conference, which might be held nt a he had advanced his resolution for tho
later date, thus saving the heavy, cost purposo of discussion. He drew uttcn-
of sending a delegate again in June, or j tion to the growth of thc Federation
whenever thc convention should be held, i and tho duties of the secretary.
Del. McVety suggested that thc chair L The chairman stated that after the
submit tho two propositions separately, j report was disposed of the committeo
firBt, whether the delegatea desired a [ had a recommendation that the secre-
political organization; second, as to i tary's salary be raised from $30 to #50
what date the conference for the organ- a month, but did not consider the time
ization of the party Bhould bo held. He j opportune for thc establishment of a
made tho suggestion a motion, which I permanent office. ,
was adopted. ;    Del. Winch, in  explanation  of  the
Dol. Moulton asked for a roll-call on j reasons for his recommendation, made
the question. This wns adopted by the roferenco to thc increased and increas-
convention. : i"g duties of the office of secretary.
The question, "Are you in favor of n Tho recommendation that the salary
working class political organization?"  of  tho secretary-treasurer   be   raised
wub thon put, and passed by a roll-call
vote as follows: S2 to 11, 15 not voting.
Roll Call Vote on the Formation of a
Political Organization.
,    S.    G.
instances  of blacklisting through
Labor bureaus.
Del. Kelly said it ahould be dealt
with in an extremely careful manner,
for it could be used as a black ball systom.
Sec'y. Wells said this was due to the
fact that it was run in connection with
the labor bureaus.
Del. Taylor said this system in Germany was linked up with the military
syBtem on the principle that the worker
was an asset to the state.
The recommendation to adopt thc
committee's report and refer the subject to the executive was concurred in
by tho convention.
Resolution number eighteen, from thc
interior coal miners, that fruit harvested by Asiatics should bo boycotted.
Del, Welsh aaid thc only way to gel
the Chinese out was to patronize them,
and their whito competitors would see
to it that the Chinese got out.
The resolution was tabled, and   the I wWtwell.
recommendation  of the  committee on _ Metalliferous   Miners—Wm. Smith, J. A
.... „  , -    .,1 'Moir, 0. Omlie, M. Martin,
resolutions to concur was defeated.        j    Powe„ Rlvor' Onions—W. W. James, W. J.
  ; Cromer. W. B. Marquette, K. Drummond'.
WnHnAwlav   Mortilnc Bovelstoko Unions—H. Kcmpslnr.
Wednesday   WOniing. ;     New   Westminster   Unions—W. Yules,   A
President Naylor called the convan- \Ooy, P. Poeblost, P. I. Rny. .7. Clark.
Councils—,1. H. McVety
Peele, J. Dakers, H. W. Cough, J.
W. Thompson,
Vancouver Unions—W. K. Smith, W. Mackenzie, J. R. Campbell, fl. H. Hardy, J. G.
Smith, Geo. Richardson, J. Pyke, C. K. Hcrrett, C. Surrette, E. Roylanco, Malcolm
Smith, Wm. Havil, E. H. Morrison, T. J.
Robltlllie, T. AnilorKon, A. R. Towler, G.
Kennedy, D. McCallum, P. W. Welsh, W. Alston, G. J. Kelly, Albert Hill, T. E. Evans,
A. E. Shirley, Wm. Campbell, James Cowlinp,
J. Bromfiold, T. Burry, A. Livingstone, W.
A. Alexander, B. Showier. J. F. Poole, J.
Lamb, G. B. Anderson, W. J. Brown, B.
Smith, J. Shaw, D. Thompson, A. 0. Hanson, W. H. Trotter, R. P. Pettlplecfi, Mrs.
Victoria Unions—A. S. Wells, B, Simmons,
C. Norton. E. Orr, E. Folds. W. Moulton, R.
Musson, R. Dent, A. Manson, H. Huby, T.
Peters, W. C. Plowin, W. Campbell, E. Boll,
J. Day, J. Taylor.
United Mino Workers—W, Head, Thomas
tioa to order at 9.25 a. m.
Del, Peele (Vietoria), moved that
three sessions a day be held—9 to 12, 2
to 5, and 7 to 10. Thc motion was defeated.    A motion that the hours be | ...
changed to 9 to 12 and 1 to 6 was also j    v _     "ft V°^B " AbT w , ,   „n
, « ".   , ' '     V. R. Mldgley, W. Thomas, A. Watchman,
defeated. Tt Barton, Geo. MacFarlane,  J. G.   Bell,  J.
A letter was read from thc Alberta |r. Flynn, J. H. Munday, A. Graham, H. Wig-
Federation  Of Labor wishing the  con-j"""'-   J-   A,   Moore,   Robert     Walker,   John
Vancouver Unions—Geo. Thomas, A.
Surges, Ed. Stewart, W. S. Vaughan,
Mitchell,  E. Winch, A. McSween.
Other points—A. Goodwin, J, Nnylor,
Marshall, W. Sherman.
olution of the Alberta eonvention re
returned soldiors. The communication
was referred to tht returned soldiers
ipecial committee.
Del. Winch asked the indulgence of
the convention to make the matter of
the Russians wanting to get back to
Russia a special order of business.
This was granted. The secretary
of the Russians addressed the convention, and stated the position of
he and his countrymen. They were not
permitted to leave Canada without pass-
ports   of   the    Knensfar government, mMm    aft61.    the    convl!„tion wn8
which was out of   existence.   Among      j J J
them were a number of political refu* j   Tho ' convontio„   ,mmmi   in   the
goes.    The  Buuiaiu could pay, their | rccommond„tion  ,,.  thc  tllking  of   u
Total vote in favor, 82; voting against, 11;
majority for, 71.    Not voting or absent,  15.
The discussion as to when tho conference should bc held, June or immediately, was then proceeded with.
Del. Hardy moved an amendment that
the subject be laid on the tablo, and
that those delegates who wished to discuss it could remain behind. The motion lost.
The amendment that the conference
bo in June, at the call of the executive,
was lost,
Tho motion that the conference bc im
from $30 to $50 a month wns concurred
in, and tho proposal to make the office
of tho secretary pernmment was defeated.
The committee moved concurrence in
the resolution that members of organizations not affiliated with the Federation be permitted to havo representation on tho floor of the convention
through the central organizations. The
recommendation was lost.
The committee recommended to
amend Article S of the constitution to
so change the interpretation as to*make
it plain that the books be open to the
scrutiny of any member of the executive. The recommendation was concurred in.
The committee recommended Article
15 be amended so as to permit tho recall of any officer, and that 25 per cent,
of tho affiliated organizations bo tho
numbor required for the submission of
a referendum vote on any proposal
dealing with the affairs of tlie Federation.
The chairman of the committee undertook to divide the question.
Thc committee 'a recommendation was
not concurred in as to thc percentage
to initiate a referendum which will remain as at present in the constitution,
viz., seven locals.
The recommendation that a recall!
coul dbe initiated by.25 locals which
should have to pay thc expense in the
event of tho failure of success. This
was amnedded to read, "and the officer's defence be submitted at the same
The report of the committee as
amended was adopted.
Tor Crow's Nost district, W. A. Sher
man was elected by acclamation.
Tho next ordor of business was tho
election of a representative to the
Trados aud Labor Congress, which
meets in Quebec in Soptembor.
, A. S. Wells was elected by acclamation.
The usual custom of the president
and secretary acting as trustees was
followed und theso officers elected as
Vancouver and Victoria were ballot-
ted on as the next convention city, resulting as follows: Vancouver, 29; Victoria, 58.
President Duncan McCallum at this
stage took over the meeting. In retiring from the president's chair, Joseph
Naylor expressed'his confidence in Bro,
President McCallum then thanked
the delegates for the confidence expressed in him, and assnured them that ho
would carry out the duties of the offico
to the best of his ability.
A vote of thanks was tendered to thc
A vote of thanks wns tendered to
tho past president,
T. D. Bulger, the newly-appointed
fair wage officer, was colled on, and
briefly addressed the gathering, thanking thc delegates for thoir courtesy. He
said he realized ho had a hard task
to perform following Mr. McNiven. Ho
invited co-operation, and assured the
the convention that he would do all in
his power to aid the cause of organized
labor. For thc past 21. years, he said,
he had been following the occupation
of caulker ond shipbuilder.
Tho resolutions committee roport was
proceeded with.
Resolution numbor 19, reported on
favorably by the committee that cooks
and waiters hours of labor bo limited to
48 a week by law.   Roport adopted.
Resolution number 20, of tho Prince
Rupert Trades and Labor Council, re
householder tax and franchise, committee recommended concurrence. Roport
Resolution number 21, ro abolition of
craft unions and institution of industrial unions, committee recommended
concurrence.   Adopted.
Resolution   number   22, re   protest
against importation  of Asiatic  labor,
committee   recommended   concirrence.
Convention adjourned at 5 p.m.
own expenses, ho stated, and the
Bolsheviki does not require any
passports. The Russian secretary
said if they could get permits to
buy tickets to Yokohama they would
be satisfied. About 300 Russians from
all parts of Canada aro now waiting
Del. Winch moved a resolution in effect thnt a special committeo wire the
Dominion government, and tako up
with the provincial and federal members tho matter of immediate relief of
the situation.
Tho motion carried.
The president's report wus taken up
serial urn. Clause re labor conditions
was adopted.
Clauso ro Compensation Act was
Clause re poll tax was adopted with
deletion of the passage referring to
Clause re company towns adopted.
Clause re minister of labor adopted.
Clause re industrial conscription
Clause re after war conditions was
capacity.   Ab deputy ministor of labor    .   t ?
he would try to do his bost, aad he felt a «? __   a        ■*•       s        uu   i
aure of LabJr 's co-operation. I    Clau8e -re the formation of a political
referendum vote of the affiliated membership on the question of raising the
per capita tax to seven cents per member por month, with tho object of placing tho B. C. Federationist in thc hands
of all members of the Federation.
Resolutions 29 to 50 were handed to
the committoe.
Del. Trotter read the report of the
audit committee, which is as follows:
Auditors'   Report.
To  the Officers and  Members of  tho B. C.
Foderation of Labor.
Your committee on audit wishes to report
that we have audited the books of the secretary-treasurer, and find them correct in
every detail.
Receipts for all inonlfB received, ns well
ns vouchers fur expednitures during the year
have been all examined.
Receipts from nil sources on Federation
account amounted to $1,905.29, Including
small balance from last year. Expend it ures
were $1,902.27, leaving n balance of ?9.02.
Financial accounts of the political campaign fund, particulars of which will be found
on pages 1.1 and lti of the officers' reports,
were also examined, and found to lie as there
set forth.
Vour committee desires to compliment the
secretary upon the manner in which the
books of tho Federation nre kept.
Respectfully submitted,
Thursday   Afternoon.
Convention wan called to order at -
o 'clock.
The president announced that nomination   of   officers would bo taken up.
Delegates   Pettipiece,   Goodwin    and
McCallum were selected us tellers.
Election of President
nomination, and decliued.
President Naylor's name was suggested, but the president said ho would
refuse, and stated his reasons. His
main renson was that lie believed thc
union movement had been a failure in
this crisis, particularly the American
Federation of Labor.
Del. Duncan McCallum was nominated.
Del. J, Dakers was appointed feller
in Del. McCallum's stead.
Del. E. Winch was nominated.
Del. J. II. McVety declined nomina-
Friday Morning
Convention called to order at 9:30 by
President McCallum.
Reports of resolutions committee were
Resolution No. 23, to abolish property
qualifications for municipal offices.
Committee concurred,   Adopted.
Resolution No. 24, referred to committee on Constitution and Law.
Resolution No. 25, ro sanitary conditions in shipyards, committeo concurred.
In the debate on this resolution, it
was pointed out that sanitary arrange-
ments in tho shipyards wero in a deplorable state, und that if a man permitted such conditions in his home or
any other line of business, the law
would be after him, Conditions, it was
pointed out, were inimical to the health
of the employees,
Resolution No. 20, re printing offices
in basements or below the street lino,
committee concurred. Adopted.
Resolution No. 27, re proportional representation, committee concurred.
Resolution No. 28, ro hours in shipyards, committee concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 29, re wash houses in
all   plaees  of  employment,  committee
concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 31, re amendment to
Truck Act to prohibit deductions of
wages for supplies in company towns,
ns well as in municipal centres, commit-
; ted concurred. Adopted.
| Resolution No. 32, re examination and
licensing of plumbers, committee con-
; curred.   Adopted.
; Dol. Day moved that the plumbers be
I notified when this meeting took place.
; Carried.
| Resolution No. 33, re amendment to
i Prohibition Act to permit 2% per cent.
j alcohol by weight in beer and the sale
I of light wines, committee did not con-
' cur. Report adopted by a vote of 40
to 32.
Tuesday Afternoon.
President Naylor called the convention to order at 2 p.m.
The Executive recommended thc appointment of the following committee
•n the returned soldiers problem, and
explained that they had extended the
number iu order to give all parts of tbe
province representation: Gordon J.
Kelly, A. Livingstone, W. R. Trotter, R.
P. Pettipiece, B. Simmons, A. Goodwin
and W. A. Sherman.
Tho question of adjourning thc convontion for tho afternoon to givo tho
eommittoes time to discuss their reports,
was discussed at somo length, some criticism being expressed at the delay of
the committees.
TROTTER (Chairman),
organization was laid on tho table, to | R- J. drummond,
be discussed with tho report of tho exe-1 qj herritt
r! W.  DENT,
Committee on Audit, 1918 conventii
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Vancouvor, li, C, January 20, 1918.
The   convention    adjourned    at
cutivc on this subject,
With the exceptions noted tho whole
of the president's address was adopted.
The executive committee's report was
passed over to the clause re referendum
regarding political action. In this connection the committee recommended the
substitution of the Pettipiece resolution
providing for a conference to be held
immediately after tho present deliberations como to an end. Thc subject was
thoroughly threshed out, Del. Pettipiece
speaking at length in support, and explanation of his resolution.
Sec'y. Wells urged that the executive committee's recommendation on
the subject stand, this !>ehi£ that the
executivo be instructed to call a confer
On motion the convention adjourned  ?J00< Antenna place at discretion of
to 4 o'clock, in order that tho pommit-ltho "orn^teo.
tees could continue their work.
At the suggestion of R. I'. Pettipiece
the committee chairmen culled the
names of thc members of tlieir committees, and announced the places whero
they would confer,'
When lho convention was colled to
order tit 4 nVlock, A. Goodwin asked,
on behalf of the returned Boldiers committee, that permission be five* to confer with the roturned soldiors,
Del. Kelly explained that they wanted fo go to the returned soldiers and
offer what servicoi they could.
Dol, Wcstfall CSouth Wellington),
moved an amendment that the convention should resolve itself into a politicnl
gathering, draw up a platform and call
a political party convention.
Prior to tho noon adjournment
thc committee on the Russian situation
was appointed ai follows: McCallum,
Peel and Winefc.
Wednesday Afternoon.
The eonvention was called to order at
2.15 o'clock.    President Naylor askod
Mr. T. D. Bulger, newly-appointed fair
of ihe
Thursday  Morning.
Convention cnlled to order at 9.2,1,
Dol. Fawkes reported that    a I    tin
Metal Trades Council meeting on Wed-  ballots cast, ami was declared elected
. , *    Resolution No. 34, re law for poy-
laylor (Victoria), was plucod in | mont  0f wages   by cash   instead   of
cheque, committee concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 35, ra chnnge in Asiatic Exclusion Act to admit Orientals in
proportion of ono to each 1000 of population of Canada, exclusive of thoBe
already hero, and already in excess of
this proportion thero bo no further immigration permittod, until other provinces have hud their proportion equal
to British Columbia. Committoe reported non-concurrence, the reason given
being that it was against the principle
of total exclusion.   Roport adopted.
Resolution No. 30, re a gear inspector
for all gear and tackle in longshore
work. Committee concurred. Report
Resolution No. 37, re mothers' pensions.   Committoe concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. ,'1H, re minimum wnge
and equal pay for women doing equal
work wilh men. Committee concurred.
Resolution No. 39, re bona, fide union
label on garments. Committee concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 40, re safety of electrical workers. Committee concurred.
Resolution No. 41, re separation of
department of labor and nttorney-gen-
eral.   Committeo concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 43, re time fuses in
mines.  Committeo concurred.  Adopted,
Resolution No. 44, re compelling nil
employers to furnish bedding in camps,
etc.    Committee concurred,    Adopted.
Resolution No. 45, re posting of inspectors' reports in mines. Committee
concurred. Adopted with inclusion that
miner accompany inspector on such inspection.
Convention adjourned at noon.
Del. Wt R. Trotter was nominated.
Del. A. Goodwin declined nomination.
Del. Peele declined nomination.
Del, Kelly declined nomination.
The president announced that a candidate must have a majority of all the
votes cast to win.
Tlio vote resulted ns follows: McCallum, 51; Winch, 27; Trotter, 15.
Election of Secretary-Treasurer
Nominations for secretnry treasurer
were called for.
Del. A. S. Wells was elected by acclamation,
Nominations for vice-presidents for
Vnncouver were aB follows (two to be
elected): F. Welsh, E. Winch, J. H. McVety, V. H. Mldgley. W. R. Trottor, J.
P. O'Neill.
First ballot: Welsh, 20; Winch, 35j
McVety, 30; Midgloy, 32; Trotter, 28;
O'Ncil, 14.
Second ballot: Welsh, 26; Winch,
40; McVoty, 32; Midgloy. 32; Trotter,
Third ballot, Welsh dropped: Winch,
51; McVety, 2!l; Midgley, 32; Trotter,
Del. Winch had a clear majority of
nesday night, tlie council asked that
Del. Welsh be added to tho roturned
soldiers committeo, and thus save the
M. T. O. having a committee on this
Del. McVety said the convention committee on returned soldiers was only
Del, Kelly, chairman of the committee, said it would- report this after
noon, and he thought the M. T, C. would
find its recommendations would meet
with their approval.
Consideration of the officers' report
was continued. Clause ro finance was
adopted, as was clause re organization
and the conclusion.
Del. Thompson (Prince Ruport), moved that the report be further amended
by deletion Of the clause ro having a
representative at  thc provincial  house
Fourth ballot, McVoty dropped.
Midgloy, 43; Trotter, 50.
Del. Trotter was declared elocted.
For Victoria vice-president, nominations were as follows: Del. Dakers, Del.
Taylor and Dol, Moulton, ballot resulting as follows: Dakers, 34; Taylor, 48;
Moulton, S,
Del. Taylor was declared elected.
For tho rest of Vancouver Island Dol.
Walter Head was declared elected by
For Prince Rnpert, W. E. Thompson
was elected by acclamation.
For New Westminster, W. Yatos and
P, Peebles were nominated. Ballot;
Peebles, 53} Yates, 30. Delegate Peebles
wns declared oleetod,
For interior vice-president (Metalliferous): M, Martin and J. A. Moir
were nominnted. Ballot: Martin, 61;
Mnir, 28. Del. Martin was declared
Friday Afternoon.
Convention called to order at 2.05 by
Vice-president Taylor.
Report of the committeo on resolutions was proceeded with.
Resolution No. 40, ro eight hoars
bank to bank in metalliferous mines.
otc.   Committee concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution Ne. 8, in the form Of a bill
re the mattor of u spray being used on
drills in metalliferous mines. Commit-
too concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. -17, ro eight-hour day
od tho receipt from his local of a resolution re standardization of flour. It
pointed out that it was in the interests
of the public that a fixed price be placed on standardized Hour, and that the
price be two-thirds of the prico of patent flours. The convention adopted tho
A resolution by Del. Campbell, commending the action of the Vancouver
School Board in refusing $5,000 for tho
purchase of military cadot uniforms for
school boys was received by the convention.   Resolution adopted.
Report of tho compensation committee was received.
Chairman McVety reported that several matters respecting proposed
changes in the Compensation Act had
boon received. Among those wero n
recommendation that infectious diseases
contracted ou work bo included undo
tho act. This had already been dealt
with by the Compensation Act committee.
The resolution on compensation re an
increase from $20 to $30 during tho life
of a dependent under thc act, and that
thereby an advance in compensation
proportionate with the cost of living
and condition of wagos,
Tho committeo reported it had mot
the latter clause by a proposal that during tho poriod of tho war at least compensation bo increased 25 per cont.
Tho committee's report waB adopted.
Dol. Winch suggested that tho compensation act committee's report should
add a recommendation that the board
recognize other than thc orthodox medical practitioner; that two noticcB of accident bc recognized by tho board and
that medical attention be extended to
the family of the worker.
Del. Kelly moved that the old compensation committee bc continued in
office.   Adopted.
Del. Winch reported for the committee on Russian immigrants that the
committee had taken the matter up
with A. E. Jolliffe, immigration inspector here, and that, wires hod been sent
to tho federal authorities and to tho
Russian consul-general in Montreal.
Del. Winch asked that the committee
bo continued and thnt it be empowered
to cable London The report was adopted and the recommendation concurred
Chairman Kelly reported for the committee appointed to consider the returned soldiers, that tho committee had met
Secretary A. E. Lees and President
Laughnan, of the Great War Veterans
Association. Thc returned soldiers admitted that they wero conscious they
wero subject to exploitation. This was
an evidence that Labor and the returned soldiers could get together, Tho
recommendations formulated by the
committee were as follows:
1. That this convontion go on record
us favoring the formation of a joint advisory board, such board to bo composed of fivo representatives of the provincial returned soldiers organization
and five members of this Federation,
the representatives of this Foderation
to be elected by this convention, those
to be elected to be residents of Vancouver.   Adopted.
2. That the incoming executive be
instructed to consider ways and means
of ensuring that disabled or pensioned
soldiers shall not be preyed upon by
employers making use of thc fact that
they are disabled or in receipt of pensions, to lower their wages or working
conditions.   Adopted.
3. Your committee recommends that
the provincial and federal governments
be urged to select a large tract of government or other land in the Northwest,
and place same under cultivation, with
modem farm machinery, and that returned soldiers bc employed in the work
of cultivation, at standard wages and
under competent management.
Referred to advisory board.
The report wub adopted.
A communication received from the
Alberta Federation of Labor, thut that
body viewed with disfavor the system
of vocational trainiug of disabled' soldiers by sending them to shops for partial training, and that the government
appoint a commission re training and
absorption of returned soldiers, Thc
committee recommended that the communication be referred to the advisory
board. The report as a whole was
The following committee on returned
soldiers was elected: Kelly, Pettipiece,
LivingBtone, Midgley and Welsh.
Sec'y. Wella read to tho convention
a draft act for the restraining of issuing of injunctions in tradeB disputes,
forwarded by Sec'y. Draper, of the
Canadian Labor Congress.
It was moved and carried that the
injunction bill be taken up with the
government by the executive.
Convention adjourned at 5 p.m.
The convention is expected to come
to an end at noon Saturday, after
which, according to the decision reached earlier in the week, a conforenco will
be held to furthor consider a working
class political organization.
for all in
round   mines and Minolta
concurred,   Adopted.
Resolution No. •!!), ro opening of fisli-
Ing grounds to all regardless pi cannery
and other licenses. Committee concurred.   Adopted.
Resolution No. 50, ro stnte control of
medical and dental practice,
concurred.   Adopted.
Delegates Had No Idle Time
on Their Hands During
Past Week
The delegates to the convention of
the B. C. F. of L. were entertained on
Tueaday night at thc Labor Temple, by
a programme of song and specialties,
which was of a very high class, and tho
entertainment committee came in for
many compliments, as woll as thc
praise heard for tho artists on thc programme for the excellent manner in
which tho delegates were looked after,
not only on Tuesday night, by all during tho convention.
The programme was as follows: Piano
duct, Mrs. Peebles and Welsh; Mr. Hod-
ley Tuft, Bongj T. E, Evans, song; T.
Weedon, song; Mr. Coultier, magician
and illusionist; T. M. Evans, song; Mrs.
Welsh, pianoforte solo; J, Taylor, song;
T. Weedon, song; intermission; Mr.
Hughes, song; Mr. Armoiid, song; Mrs.
T, K. Caine, song; .T. Taylor, song; T.
M. Evans, song; T. Brown, song; T.
Weedon, song.
Oil   Monday  night  the International
not already provided for I Lnngshor anion's auxiliary gavo a dance
Committee jat Lester Court in honor of the delegates, und it was declared by everybody
as the most successful and largest dance
in the history of organized labor's so-
clal functions in thiB eity, evcu exceed-
inj,', ii was generally said, the occasion
of the entertainment of the crew of tlie
Committee j steamer Ningara by the Longshoremen
a few months ogo,
port   of the  comr.iit.c
us amended wns adopted,
Norton     (Victoria),
lho Waitresses were the hosts to tho
I delegates   on   Wednesday   night,   the
report-' Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses' local
giving a dance at Cotillion ball, which
wag well attended, and at which nvty-
body spent a most delightful evonkig.
When you buy coffee In a tin container, you have to pay for that
Empress Coffee
We are now packing thc sane
reliable Empress Coffee in doubta-
lined sanitary weatherproof bug*.
This gives the samo protection as
the can and enables us to ■•!
it at
40c per lb.
The Coffeo eomus ungrouui—
that makt-a it froflh ground worn
yoa buy it—your grocer wl
grind it for you.
If you're not satisfied, yam
grocer will give yout money kMk
Empress Mfg. Co.
Labor Temple Fresi    Sey. 1490
Willington's "Ship" Barber Shop
Sound truvils at thu rate of 10W
ft.i't por socond; tho voicu when toB-
phoning, travels at tho rato of 15,Ottb
miluN per socond. Think of itl TK*
reason sound navels fnster by telephone is because it Ib accelerated &y
electricity, not very much, but onougb
for the purpose.
So you can sre thu telephone ;s tlio
quickest—the surest to bod.I tb*
quickest to reach the ear yo>> souk,
and thc easiest to bring tho nnswtir
back.    Prom anywhere, too.
J. Parliament O. Tnrcott
Pocket Billiard
(Brunswick-Balke Oollender Co.)
—Headquartera for Union Men—
Union-made    Tobaccos,   Cigars   aad
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St East
•Cfello frconTSobacaa.
Royal Stove Repair Works
Repair, for all Stove.- Coils and mn-
nectloni, range, and furnaces, plashing and gai fitting
New and second-hand stoves boigkt.
sold  and eiuhangod
none Sty. 8960     1114 Oranvilla
The Federatlonltt It on tale kt
Vancouver at the following newt
184 Hastlngi Street East
Cornor Hastings and Coluralita
422 Richards Street
Cor. Carrall and Uantings Street
Cor. Richard, and Hastings
90S Carrall Street
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Doos Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured in British Columbia ZTeStuttj 1, 1918
The Dancer
"Behind the Grandstand"
Cartoonist Comedian
EVENINGS: 15c, 30c, 40c, 55c, 80c
MATINEES: 15c, 20c, 30c, 55c
But They Do Not Seem Prepared to Pay for Them
Mrs. Vernon Castle
The Mark of Cain
"A. mystery Btory of uniisunl excellent
—keeps you guessing erery minute."
—Moving Picture World.
"Exciting entertainment; replete all
the wny through with thrilling situations; mirroundcd with a veil of mystery thnt holds yoa from first to
last."—Trnde Review.
"Rich in thrilling situations."—Motion
Picture News.
"Plenty of suspense nnd fast action."
—Dramatic Mirror.
That's what the experts say about
Offers Interesting War News
"What Are the Wild Waves Saying?"
In Her Newest and Best
How Do the Irish Workers
******     ******     ******     ******
Stand on Home Rule Plan?
Men of Ulster Started Trades Unionist Propaganda, and
Were Quickly Followed by Southerners—Workers
Have Been Capitalized by Higher-ups, but
-   Positions in Ireland Will Be Reversed
in a Very Short Time Now
They Can Well Afford to
Protect Their Own Property Interests
By all means, give the waterfront
flre protection, by fire boats or by any
othor means. According to F. \V. Pet-1
ers, of tho 0. P. R., some $20,000,000
worth of property lies in constant danger from flre. Tho ordinary citizen who
has household proporty that he values,
ineuros his property and looks to the
municipality to provido him with the
flre department to protect his home.
But conditions aro slightly different
along the waterfront. The Canadian
Pacific railway owns most of it, and
the citj only has the right to use a part
of the waterfront by the good will of
the eompany. The company has cut off
the itreet ends and has the whole of
the waterfront on Burrard Inlet, the
most valuable of it, effectually tied up.
The C. P. R.is like the "closed" towns
of the province. But the closed towns
pay for their own flre protection, not
being organised municipalities. Then
why should not the C. P. R. pay for its
protection? It is making tremendous
dividends, That is to say, it is making
a very great deal of money, but it
never shows in dividends what the earnings have been. If they look like they
are going away over 10 por cent., tne
eompany sets out and builds some sort
of money-using pile like tho Hotel Van-
tourer. This building cost some millions of dollars. Money wns lavished
npon it. It was a leisurely job, and apparently with thc view of making it
eost as much as possible, so as to use
up a good portion of the money which,
were it not for such extrnvagances,
would show as dividends,
And now comes Mr. Peters, on behulf
of tho C. P. R., and presses for civic
fire protection of the compnny's waterfront.    If  there  nre,  ns  Mr.   Peters
claims, $20,000,000 worth of property
on thc wnterfront, why not just levy n
tax of 1 mill on thin unci rnise onojgh
money  to buy two fircbonts, nnd  not
tux the rest of tho community.   And
tho following year levy another slight j
tnx ngninst this #20,000,000 worth of |
property—the most of il the 0. P. R.'sl
—and rniso money to maintain the flre- j
boats for thc protection of Uie C. V. R,
nnd the other big interests!
"Just tnke a glance ot the rnnp nnd j
you will seo," Sir. Peters snid, "the
long row of transportation ami nidus-
trial concerns from Conl Harbor east-1
wnrd. There is the C. P. "R., the Grand
Trunk whnrf, Evnus, Coloman & Evans, |
the Johnson whnrf, tho fish compnnies,
the Union Steamship company, not to
mention the sugnr refinery—which is
of course, nwny from the wnterfront,
but which adjoins it—tho government
wb.'irf nnd grain elevntor. Thoso nre
only a few of the structures that nro
in an unprotected stnte, d.io to the
policy Unit 1ms been followed for some
yours. Unless somothing is dono. somo
dny thoro is going tn bo soon n tremendous blnzc right in the middle of thnt
section, nnd nil the provisions which
the owners of those concerns hnvo mnde
will not snve millions of dollars' worth
of property from absolute dost met ion.
"There nro nt present insuranco inspectors mnking nn investigation into
fire protection conditions on the wnterfront. They hnve been at it fnr some
time, and when they have finished, they
will hnve mndo a most exhnuslive enquiry into the stnte of affairs nnd the
representations thnt have boen mnde to
the city council nnd to thn harbor commissioners on this subject.
"I can not say whether the result of
that investigation will be an increase
of the rates," he* said in answer to a
query on this point, "but it would not
surprise mc if that is the outcome of
the probe thoy are enrrying out. The
great troublo is that under present conditions there arc no menns of fighting
nn outbreak of fire from tho city sido
of tho wharves. The only remedy is a
flroboat or better still, two fireboats."
If Mr. Peters is right, then, by all
means, get n couple, or more, firobonts.
"SoWIng Up"
"Tlio notion needed soliorinu up. Ami
war Ih a wonderful BoUerer." If 1 liuurd
this stdU'iiii'ii! once I limn! it a limic'red
MinoR. • i. • ci ■• * n in.) fri'in tlie
usu.il cluss of imbeciles who pitnot what
others say or what they read in lho "papers," but also from intelligent people who do
their own thinking. Ull, .(rat ii' fan nr.ilcn
needed sobering up. Did iti \V(i.i the notion ns a whole ho drunk with j")'. wilh happiness, with leisure, with luxury, with ex-
rchhch, thot it needed tmbering tip? Who
needed   BObering   up f     Hi-I   the  ngi'lfiiltiiral
inborer, uud his wife ami childron who work
from sunrise tti sunset lo make n bare living
need sobering up} Did (he workora in the
sewers anil the diggers of tunnels nnd subways need loitering up) Hid tho shin operntors ueed sobering upf Did lho polo hn) nnd
emaciated girl who are Mirked In every morning by tbo subwny, crushed nnd KiilTocateil
for an hour, vomited out nt the other end,
work then for nine or ten hours ni soul-destroying work undergo all in order to earn
enough to enable thorn to work the next day,
did they need sobering upf Did (he families
of fathom and mothers Who worry their lives
away trying to feed and clothe their children
and mnke ends meet, did they need sobering
up! Because ffo hnve n miserable, numerically insignificant, parasitic clnss, thai bnthes
in champagne, is steeped in vice and is nn
eyesore to everybody, wilh its stupid extravagance, must the whole nation tie hotlted In
blood! Must wo crush lho young lives of our
hard-working children lu order to wnko up
the possibly dormant humnn qualities In ft
few non-producing fdlerst The nntion needed
sobering up! Nonsense, If I were a lover
of epigrams I would sny that what ihe nation needed was n Utile inebriation. The
nation aa a wholo could very well stand Inebriation with ft little Joy, 0 littlo pleasure,
A little leisure, ft little beauty, it lithe happiness,   ft  little  real  life,
Stop talking about tbe nation needing
sobering up, took elsewhere for apologies
fnr this cruelly useless nnd iHtoIOSIiy cruel
juggcrnnut.—Dr. \V, J. Robinson, in ' A
Voice  in   the Wilderness."
[Second Article.]
The statement may be questioned as
set out in the last article that the
working classes of the distressful country havo beon kept without the pale in
the discussion of a subject that is going to make or break Ireland. If you
were to ask one of the higher-ups in
the ranks of the Unionist party
whether the men who by their energy
and co-operation havo placed theta In
the   position   they occupy today have
ever End tbeir say on thiV matter, they
would indignantly repudiate tho obvious
suggestion that the workerB had been
kept in ignorance of the true stato of
affairs, And wero you to say to tho
Kedraond-Dillon-Devlin coterie that the
timo had arrived when the Irish working man should have hiB finger in the
political pie, sulphur nnd brimstone
would be mild in comparison with their
But whether it is the Carson-Lonsdale-Craig combination, or whether it is
the men who have been posing as the
true Irish patriots, it makes not the
least difference. One and all of them
hare carried out their propaganda irrespective of what the workers have
thought or done. This is amply supported and corroborated by the position whieh the workers hold today, despite all that has been done to keep
them in the background, "cribbed, cabined and confined" within the liirits of
a small area for thought or for aetion.
Tbe Real Patriots,
Old-timers will remember what Murray Davis and Hugh McManus and Bob
Monroe have done for the workers in
the Irish commercial metropolis. Nor
will anybody deny that if there ever
was a man in Ireland who helped to
bring the artisan class together more
than all the legions of political sharks,
it was Hugh McManus. Hugh wns a
Nationalist—if it can be snid or shown
that a worker haB any politics—yet he
nover allowed his personal opinions to
interfere with the discharge of his professional duties, and these took him
from what has been torraed the Ioynl
north to rebel Cork. He was a big man
both physicnlly nnd mentally; so wns
Murray Davis, and so was Bob Monroe. Thoy sat on the opposite sides of
tho house from a religious point of
view, but they held the fort of trndes
unionism, no matter what opposition j
thoy had to contend with.
For the prist quarter of n century the
mon of the north have been permitted I
to listen to the flim-flam of the orators
on tho 12th of July and on the 17th of
March, the men of the south and other
pnrts of Ireland having beon grnntod
the privilege of hearing the silver-
tongued orators of thc Ndtionnlist
! crowd. But whon has a workor ever
been asked to appear on a public platform in support of tho Orange cause,
[or when hns anyone ever seen a follower of thc Redmond aggregation tnko
the floor to advocntc the Ireland-for-
jtho-Irish progrnmmo?
Reason for Ferment.
I These then, arc in brief tho reasons
why it is thnt. he dissatisfnetion among
the horny-handed sons of toil in Ireland
|today is manifesting itsolf to such nn
extent, nnd furthor it is tho ronl ron-
|Son why the country continues in such
jn ferment, and why it will romnin in
thnt condition over the consideration of
n problem for which the solution is as
fnr off, apparently, as over.
Tlio fnet of the matter is that not
only is thn Orange workinghinn of the
north not nt oiits with his colleague of
i the south, but thnt thc southerner and
| westerner no more fear for their personal safety were Homo "Rule to become
! operative than does the French poilii
[or the Cnnndinn Tommy fear Fril7, on
the western front. The time has long
: since passed when the old cry of rapine and slaughter can bo Baid to have
any more effect. The northerner Intighs
[when such a thing is mentioned in his
I hearing.
| In a word, the working men of Ireland have been capitalized by tho big
i noises, and the big noises hnvo seen to
lit that thoy have drawn huge dividends. The Into Colonel Snnnderson
'was the biggest noise of all. Redmond
ihns piny oil his own gnmc from the
!time he wns able to tnke an intorest
in it until the prosent, Cnrson is doing
the same thing todny, nnd if over there
jwns a mnn who made his millions, nnd
■ who gained his title of baron at lie ex-
'pense of the thousands of workors who
have helped him maintain that position,
lit is Baron Time. .
I An Awakening Coming.
j But there has been an awakening.
I The nrtisnns nnd the laboring classes
■have in reality just started to think
for themselves. Thoy have scon tho
ethiopinn   in   the    lumber-stacks    for
♦themselves, and they are going to make
the capitalistic classes who have been
holding the heavy end of the induitrlal
whip for many decades ait up and observe. Trades unionism has not made
the tremendous strides in Ireland tbat
it haa made for nothing. If it has any
object at all it iB, and haB been, tbat
the working man shall take hii place,
the place to which his energies have entitled him, in the councils of the
Hitherto, as has beea pointed out, he
has been a mere pawn in the game.
Tho day is coming when he will figure
as a more important piece on the political chessboard than he hu been in the
past. What auccesi hai attended hii
offorts in this connection will be ett-
lined in the next article.
(To be eontinued.)
The Great
On* of tk*
world'• great-
**t prima
moat   beautiful
woman in all
All Next
at the
Week of February 4
The return engagement
in one of the greatest
plays we have ever presented—
Order Your Seats Now
Priced—15c, 30c, Me
BEVUE   Or   1918
Other Big Futures
Big Hockoy Gniiie Monday Night.
Sonttlfl hockey elnl) wtll piny the Vnnemi'
ver Mllltonalrii horo   nn   Monday nitcht in
what promises to be tho feature mutch "f the
floason. Both tennis will tint lie fnr first
iilfl.ee, nml n rod-hot conlost is oxpeetou.
Every game iliis yonr hni nttrneteil Inrflc
crowds, nnd Monday niitht should prove tn
bo a record breaker In this respect. *'*
Edytlio Elliott Next Week at tho Empress
Miss Edytlie Elliott, one nf the eli-vi-reM
actrrnsen VftltCflllVOr hns ever icon, wPI return to tho Empress next Mondny niF-hi In
the Intest cantom success* "Little PoftRy
0'Mooro." nnd ll in nemili'SR (0 sny thnt
Roata will lie nt a prnniiiiu for her opening
performance, for scores of letters linvc boon
received   every   week   wanting   to   know   the
exact date of her reappearance. Miss Rlltott's
renppenrance doei tint menu Hint Mill Mnr-
rfott wtll bc teen In Munll tinrls, for she, too,
will bi featured In ninny leads.
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday,
Burlesque Mind Readers
Dancing Comedian
Gems of the Dance
Singing, Talking, Dancing
Get tho Columbia Habit Come Twice Weekly
15c Children 5c 20c
W« hart contracted for, and an showing, the
■ott expensive class of pietirM which come to
will bc shown, when released, at thia theatre.
tintuish thc REX THEATRE tran all cthtrc in
British Columbia.
Be Sure and
Read Carhartt's Advertisement
on Page 12
14-piece orchestra in attendance, playing specially-
arranged score
Prices—Matinee, orchestra, 25c; Boxes, 50c
Evening, 25c and 50c; Boxes, 75c
150,000 persons saw "Th-2 Honor System" during
its sensational run at the Lyric theatre, New York. PAGE EIGHT
FBIDAT February 1, MU
Hart Schaffner & Marx
Mean more to you now, Mr.
Union Man, than ever before
IN THESE times, when the quality of most fabrics Is deteriorating,
owing to the scarcity of wool, and prices advancing owing to high
wages, and the lack of efficient labor, Hart, Schaffner & Marx Clothes,
made by Union Labor, witb an unqualified guarantee behind them,
and with their prices unadvanced, should appeal to every Union man
wbo believes in clothes economy—
$30, $35, $40, $45
Claman's Canadian Clothes
Made exclusively for ua, and sold by us nt prices wliich under "Our
Bight Sidling 'Man." ure very low.
$20, $25, $27.50, $30
(Continued From Pago One)
vtrdiet has been "Died from lack of
■ourishmont." Well done then, Federationist, if you have been able to get
a few rations, a few cartridges, oven
from the enemy's camp. Yoa could not
lave "earriod on" without them.
Tfcen, too, remember: Never be afraid
to Hiten to the arguments of your op
ponent. If he is right you can exchange
your error for his truth; if he is wrong
you will have a better appreciation of
the truth you hold when you see it contrasted with error.
Go on Federationist" in your work.
Educate, educate, educate. The
Labor convention is a credit to B, C.
It shows men in earnest; men who have
thought and worked and learned—and
who have much to learn—even in this
time of eyo-ope n ing.
Tb* B, O. Paderatit* at Ubar li Hill la aee* tf fui.ii ta war hmiih, bat- ia wuit-
tlau with the polities campaign just closed and also to prepare far by-eleetioos la B. C. In
Ihe near futnra. For thia reaion The Federationist hw decided to re-open lta Otapalfa
faad and appeals to all the worken, who ean. to "do tbelr bit" bf firing all thoy un to-
«ar«R tbis important fond.     Cat out the above; fill ia rear aaaie aad addreu  aad the
' aakeuat yon are williai to contribute to the campaign ftiad tf the B. O. Federation tf Labor,
fi* forward witb enclosure to B. Farm. Pettlplece, Labor Teaplt Taaatam, B. O.   The
'bevats will be acknowledged from week to week aad forwarded to  the B. 0. F. af L.
'■tas-iTer   to bo need la ■searing Ihe eleetion tf Labor representation.
FmWaaly aekaewleeX  f lt.75
Have You Read the Little
Booklet, Printed by
The Federationist?
It's a cracker-jack, and should be read by every man and woman
interested in the Labor movement.
written by tho Grand Old Man of the Labor Movement in British Columbia, Mr. E. T. Kingsley, and compiled by R. P. Pettipiece, who has
for more than 20 years been identified with thc organized labor movement of the province.
In a clear-cut and concise style
this booklet goes thoroughly Into
the question of the economic position of capitalist society and the
position of the working classes la
relation to It.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and the workor are dealt with ln
a manner which solves In plain
and forceful logic many points on
which the worker of today ii often
' 'at sea'' when meeting arguments. ,
Packages of 100 copies or
more, 6 cents per copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or ln any nam*
ber ap to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The  Biggest Ten CeiitB'   Worth, of
Reading Ever Offered in Literature
Send nlong a dime for a copy today.   Try it out an yaur friends.
It's worth while.
The B. C. Federationist
m tax*. t_t—ton, am.   nnom.
BI ft C.
F. OF L.
At Its Eighth Annual Convention in Session
This Week
A Great Variety of Questions as Affecting the
Working Class
The following resolutions wore submitted to and disposed of by the B. C.
Federation of Labor nt its sessions held
this weok:
1. By It. Dent, Victoriu, re -H-hour
week.   Adopted.
2. By R. Dent, Victoria, re govern
ment ownership of cold storago plants,
ubbatoirs, canneries, etc., as a measure
ngainst the high cost of living. Adopt
cd as amended.
3. By E. Orr, Victoria, re the res
toratiou of tho sale of beer nnd light
wines.   Defeated.
4. By A. 0. Hanson, Vancouver, re
Vancouver city busines stnx. Referred
to Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
5. By S. G. Peele, Victoria, ro political party. Covered by Resolution No.
II and executive report.
(j. By Railwny Carmen, Vancouver,
ro amendments to Compensation Act.
Referred to committee on Compensation
Act. Sec report of Compensation Act *
committee, Friday afternoon session,    j
7. By Steam Engineers, Victoria and j
Vancouver, re amendments to Boiler In-;
spectiou Act.   Adopted.
8. By Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, re amendments to Compensa-!
tion Act. Referred to Compensation
Act committee.
9. By A. 0. Hanson nnd S. G. Peele,
re closing of theatres and places of;
amusement for three dnys n week. Sec-
rotary instructed to wire federal gov- j
eminent premier, protesting; nnd also
to wire Vice-president Midgley of the
stand taken.
10. By P. W. Welsh, Vancouver, re
indentured Chinese labor.   Adopted.      j
11. By R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver,'
■ re conference for formation of politicnl j
party.   Adopted.
12. By R. 1'. Pettipiece, Vancouver,
re appointment of a committee to go
into the question of returned soldiers.
13. By R. P. Pettipiece, Vuncouvcr,
re thc nun-enforce ment of lnbor legis-
lntion by the attorney-general. Adopted.        * •
14. By E. Winch, Vnncouver, re
making the office of secretary-treasurer a permanent office, ut a salary of
$30 per week.   Defeated.
15. By E. Winch, Vancouver, ro the
administration of social industries.
16. By R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver,
re making the office of secretary-treasurer a permanent one, with headquarter! in Vanoouver.   Defeated.
17. By C. W. Norton, Victoria, re
the establishment of a sickness and unemployment state insurance. Referred
to oxecutive committee.
18. By U. M. W., District 18, ro the
boycott of fruit grown with aid of Asiatics.   Tabled.
19. By W. Mackenzie, Vancouver, re
tbo enactment of legislation for 48-hour
week for cooks and waitresses and wait-1
ers, and one day's rest in seven.
20. By W. E. Thompson, Prince Rupert, re householders and Hceucces tux,
and municipal franchise.   Adopted.
21. By T. Westwell and W. Head,
South Wellington, re tho institution of
iaduatria! organizations instead of mi ft
onions.   Adopted.
22. By A. P. Surges, Vancouver, re
opposition to indentured Chinese labor,
and the organization of this class of
labor.   Adopted.
23. By H. W. Gough, New Westminster, re proporty qualifications for municipal offices.  Adopted.
24. By H. W. Gough, New Westminster, re the seating of delegates not
members of affiliated unions representing trades councils.   Defeated.
25. By P. Peebles, New Westminster, re sanitary conditions in shipyards.
20. By W. R. Trotter and R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver, re prohibition of
printing offices in basements.   Adopted.
27. By W. R. Trotter, Vancouver, re
proportional represent ut ion.   Adopted.
28. By J. Bromiield, Vuncouvor, re
tho prohibition of a work dny longor
than eight hours.   Adopted.
29. By J. Dakers and W. Head, ro
thc enactment of legislation for tho
provision of wash houses in all plnces:
of industry.   Adopted.
30. By*E. Winch, Vancouver, re the
detention of Russiuns in this country
owing to inability, to get pussports.
81. By Pulp & Sulphite Workers,
Powell River, ro compuny towns.
Adopted us amended.
32. By J. Day nnd .T. Cowling, re
tho registration and cxnminution of
plumbers.   Adopted.
33. By E. Orr, Victoria, re the sale
of beer with two and one half per cent,
by weight of alcohol.   Defeated.
34. By J. Bromfield, Vancouver, re
tho payment of all wages in cash.
35. By W. R. Trotter, Vnncouver, re
tho alternative proposition to the *500
head tax on Chinese, viz., the application of tho principle of one Asiatic of
each raco to one thousand of the population of tho country.   Defeated.
30. By J. Taylor, Victoria, re the
protection of longshoremen, nnd the inspection of all gear and tackle in this
industry.   Adopted.
37. By Helena Gutteridge, Vancouvor, re the pensioning of mothers.
38. By S. G. Peele, Victoria, re minimum wnge for women, and provision
for their entry into unions, and equal
pay for both sexes for equal work.
39. By Florence Bussett, Vancouver,
ro union'labcls nnd bogus union labels.
40. By E. II. Morrison, Vancouver,
re tho protection of electrical workers.
41. By R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver,
r» the separation of the departments of
attorney-general and the department of
Labor.   Adopted.
42. Re Workmen's Compensntion
Aat, and the payment of compensation
to the dependents of Asiatics. Referred
ta Compensation Act committee.
Smart Heavy
Tweed Coats
at $32.50
THE MODELS that we
refer to are garments that
will prove specially desirable for practical service
—just such coats as one
would purchase for motoring, tourist or general
wear. Thc material is of
the Donegal tweed order
in mixtures of black and
white or brown and white,
while the style features
the ulster effect, having
patch pockets, bell and
large collar. Shoulders
are lined with satin and
leather buttons are used to
trim. Sizes for women,
$32.50. Similar style in
plain materials in brown
or grey at $35,00.
Some very smart models
in navy blue serge suits
for spring wear. These
accentuate popular new
575 Granoille Phone Sey. 3540
Hark to the wordB of wisdom of Oswald Garrison Villard, president of the
Now York Evening Post:
"I believe tho time iH near at hand
| when tho masses will rise in rebellion,
as they ought, against this whole theory
of war, demanding freedom of trade and
harbors throughout thc world, a union
of nations whero thoro are unionB of
states within a nation today, and ir.tcr-
nationalism as against nationalism.
"The thing for all sane men to hopo,
who believo in democracy, in tho brotherhood of man, is that tho masses will
refuse to bo food for cannon at the behest of any masters, kings or queens, or
whatever their titles may bo; that they
Receiving Well Merited Support of Consumer and
Deserves It
Vancouver has Bometimes been refer*
■ red to as a city that possesses fow industrial plants of firBt rank—few outstanding enterprises thnt measure up iu
j importance to thoBO of other cities of will boo in the slavery of war the worst
!similar size. [slavery of our times; that they will
I While this is a matter thnt mny be j behold in it the greatest conceivable
bost left opon to question, no one will waste of tho world's treasure; that they
| dispute tho fact that in tho Vancouver I will rocognuo that tho terrible rise in
Milling & Grain Company. Ltd., the city | ""- •-•>■■' 0* Uvillf und of govornment is
'has nn institution whose prestige ha's j ■•> l«g° P**r' *■■*<• to the staggering war
Ibecu built up on tho soundest foundn* tax burdens, the wnste of wnr and the
tion, and whose great advertising value unprodjotivo character of ull military
jto the community ns a whole cannot be ! expenditure.
over-estimated. I    "This is the kind of revolution the
! Operating whnt is undoubtedly thc ', world needs above all else at this hour
most modern nad perfectly equipped j—*1 ■*ow •*"'•■■•■- ■■*■ French revolution—u
flour milling plant in Wostorn Cnnndn, "weeping, overwhelming uniting ngninst
with elevators nnd executive oflices lo* tliose who rob nations of 75 per cent, of
cnted in thc henrt of Vnncouvor, this ™ir li-M-mo for war purposes, and take
fast growing concern hns won for itsolf i" away from the building of cities,
an enviable reputation for thc sterling I beautiful without slums, thu reclaiming
quality of its products, j *■*• waste lands, of our deserts nnd our
Today, largely as a' result of this ! swamps, tho developing of onr water*
company's enterprising methods und ™ys* <""* «'»•«' powers and oor high*
their strict adherence to thc principle ! ways, tho true education of our masses,
of "squnre donling" in their relation!! I th« levelling of every barrier of caste
with thc trade, "Royal Standard" flow ] and prejudice.	
ns well as thc numerous other products In sll°rt. militarism withholds vast
which bear the familiar "Circle VIs'™8 fro1" tho amelioration of the lot
trade mark, aro popular nnmos in evory | o£ '■•<* P°<"*> *■»■» »•> the suffering, tho
city nnd hamlet in British Columbia. ; wronged, tho oppressed; nnd I am for
I In connection with the modol milling ,blttcr ■>"■- lllirsl1 words nbout it now
I plant of thc company in Vancouver, ■ ■>«« always; I am for turning upon
there is mnintnined-a'perfcctly equip* j tllos9 who «0>Tnsel **!*»t we shnll plot to
pod laboratory for the thorough nnnly* murder other nntions nnd peoples,
! sis nnd testing of nil grains used in ! either for offenco or defence, ns true
Itheir numerous products. As a conso- j traitors to the spirit of Ihe nation."
Iquencc tho exnet qunlity nnd grade of „....„,.„  ««„„««,«„,„„
!all wheat samples forwarded   to   the;       CANADIAN  OONBORIPTIOK.
: local plant by tlieir expert buyers in ■     -,      , ,        , ,
the Canadian Northwest, are tested un- | Cami<1'1 8lnnds in the nnBnppy poBi-
dor actual baking conditions. All wheat tion of having had her ordinary con-
mast ilrst measure up to tlio fixed stand-  stittitional government overthrown by
[By Bev. Charles   Stelzle.]
The microscope has its uses.   But yoi om-
it see the stars through a micros cope.   Ttu
cannot got a broad view of nature—ths liY-
tho  mountains, the    green    earth—jun
cannot even see a tingle tree     through    a
There ure men who Always look at Hfe
through this little instrument. They twam to
taku a peculiar delight in searching fee the
,11 things in life—the petty, the Moaa
tilings—in others' llveB.
They never have a vision. They maajnr
take into the sweep of their horizt* the
really great and good things. If they r««
to be shown a beautiful painting, they wuld
search for fly-specks upon the frame. Aud
because their outlook Is narrow, they Um»*
pessimistic and bitter and censorious.
Unfortunately, the Labor inovemeit it
sometimes retarded by theso unhappy Individuals. Occasionally they are found wfthiu
tho ranks of the workers. They are the
ones who aro dead weights to the really wir-
nest men who are bravely making a flgkt fur
better things.
But they arc alt.o found outside the Labor
movemont. To them, tbe Labor movejaont
consists of unreasonable strikes aid en-
scrupulous agitators, They do not set the
millions of children in the mills and tb» factories who should be at homo and la the
schools, and for whom organized Labor is
making a strung fight, while tho great nam
nt even intelligent people are strangely ladlf-
ferent to their struggles.
They seem to be Ignorant of tie twcthle
sweat shop In which thousands of thn toilers uro wearing out their lives in the ha-pt:-
lcssneBs of abject poverty, and for w lit in
the Labor Union almost single-handed W battling, in what is bound to be a winning Ifht.
Who Is doing more for the woman Unit
tolls than the Labor Union? What institution stands more courageously for a sqsarer
deal fur our sisters and mothers! Not in a
weak, sickly, sentlmentul way, but wltb a
vigor and a red-bloodedness thnt is usmv-
tines startling in its persistency and kt Iu
effect Iv one ss.
Look through your telescope for a little
while—and forget the fly spooks, Nobady
likes them. We can't get rid of theu altogether, but there Is something elso oi the
■ ard set by the company, and tho rigid what is practically a military revolt*
character of the analysis mado by their j tion.
own chemist assures the public a Hour ! Thc recent cloctions in Canada were
that stands without a peer for purity,' simply a farce and a fraud from a legal
nutriment and bread value in Canada, and constitutional standpoint, as they
A cordial welcome is extended to Hour j wore conducted under war precaution
consumers who may be interested in regulations, whioh permittod great num-
theso laboratory tests as carried out by I bers of unqualified persons to vote, nnd
the company to visit the plant and see 'denied the franchise to large  numbers
for themselves thc scrupulous care that 'of legally qualified Canadian citizens.    	
enters into every part of   the milling      The ordinary Canadian electoral roll i Call
process. was set aside, and a manuscript roll,
Tho Vanconver Milling & Grain Com- \ compiled by specially appointed offlc-
pany, Ltd., in addition to their big locnl ials, Beting under military regulations,
mills and elevators, also maintains high-1 Canada, under ordinary conditions,
ly equipped branches in Victoria, New 1ms manhood, and not universal, suf-
Westminster, Nanaimo and Calgary, fragej but women representing famil-
and has agencies in Vernon, Duncan, I ies who had relatives at thc front wero
Courtenny, Port "Washington, Lnngloy, permittod to voto on this occasion, and
'   '"        " "       "" all other women refused enrolment.   In
addition totlie violation of the Canadian constitution by permitting unqualified persons to vote, thousands of legal
can tho present Borden ministry •hum
to be tho constitutional representatives
of the peoplo of Canada.
It must be apparent that, from a legal
nnd constitutional standpoint, tho recont Canadian election te null and void,
and tho parliament so elected has no
constitutional authority for its acta.
Our locnl conscriptionist politielaas
are now bowniling the fnct that thoy
did not adopt the tactics of their fellow conspirators iu Canada; hit it
would be a dark duy indeed if the
frauds perpetrated there could bo repeated hero.
Canada now stands as the shothiaig
example of what organized force is •ftp-
able of, oven in a British coiivmwnty,
and emphuBizos tho good sense of the
Austrnlian people in their refusal to ux-
change constitutional government for
military  despot ism.—Melbourne  Labar
Central Park and Cloverdale. Nen it
300 people are numbered on the payroll of this industry, making it one
of the largest in thc province.
It is worth noting that more than | ly-quulifled Canadian citizens, who in a
one-quarter million dollars are expend
ed each year with the farmers of British Columbia by this ono concern. This
sum goes largely into the buying of
wheat, oats, hay and othor products of
the soil. It will be readily seen, therefore, that tho Vancouver Milling &
Grain Company, Ltd., is a factor of paramount importance in assisting the
I farmers of B, C, to secure a strong and
stable market for their goods.
war    census    had    described
43. By Motalliferous Minors, re tho
uso of time fuses of inferior type.
44. By Metalliferous Miners, re the
furnishing of mattresses and bedding to
camp workerB.   Adopted.
45. By Metalliferous Miners, re tho
inspection of mines, nnd posting notice
of such inspection.   Adopted.
• 4£t r.By lMw',1!U7°'118 M1»Jff. rtJ 5"' I As a bona-fide Vancouver industry
eight-hour bank to bank regulations for the Vancouver Milling & Grain Cora-
bietamferous miners    Adopted I any Ltd   woll ^u^ patronage of
47. By the MetnlhforouB Miners, re
thc eight-hour dny for oil smelter and
mine workers.   Adopted.
48. By thc Metalliferous Miners, re
the enforcement of sprays for drilling
machines in this industry.   Adopted.
49. By J. Bromiield, Vancouver, re
the opening of all fishing grounds to all
who wish to use them.   Adopted.
50. By J. Taylor, Victoria, re the
nationalization of the medical and dental professions.   Adopted.
51. By C. W. Norton, Victoria, re
the fixing of the price of war times
flour.   Adopted.
52. By Del. Campbell, Vancouver,
re the endorsation of the Vanpouver
School Board refusal to vote money for
cadets uniforms.   Adopted.
Lenine  Scores  Fake Socialists.
Nikolai Lenine, who has been made
nn international figure by the recent
events in Russia, has thiB to say about
certain miBlendcrs within the ranks of
the general socinlist movemont:
"And it is not only tho 'honcBt'
reformists thnt is our danger, but men
of the type of Kautsky in Germany,
Axilrod in Russia, Hyndman in England, etc., who mouth sugared phrases
of Marxism, whicli prostitute its spirit.
Men who are revisionist in tactics while
talking revolutionary jargon.
"Wo have hnd enough of phrases,
enough of Marxism prostituted. After
twenty years of the Internationale* *
* * the workers have lost faith in more
words. The opportunities and jingo
socialists hnvo gone right ovor to tho
enemy, the capitalist class, and have
made a deep breach in tho spirit; of
socialism.' Wo can no longer associate
with thehi, nnd we disavow them nnd
their servile work entirely.* * * Our
work, however great the dilliculties uud
whatever temporary defeats, mistakes,
abborations, etc., may interrupt us, yet
will lend mankind un to the achievement of tho victorious working class
revolution which will free humanity
from bondage."—Industrial Worker.
,1 1 , ,, I'll W) •    I'JOOH,
themselves   us   conscientious   objectors, I Electrical Workers—E. H.  Morriion,
Ask   for   Labor  Temple   'Phone  Exabutge,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated)
HoileriuakerB—J. 11. Carmlchael, Room 212,
Labor  Temple.
Bridge   and   Structural   Iron   Workers—Roy
Massecar, Koom 206.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 817—Walter
Thomas.   Room  208.
Brotherhood ot Carponters, No. 2647—P, L.
Barratt,  Room 208.
Butchers—H. M. Graham, 230 Unloi street,
Sey. 5588L.
were not allowwl to vote.
An election controlled by militnry
despots, and carried out in defiance of
electoral law, is something quito new in
the annals of British constitutional history, and by no stretch of imagination
207,    Phone Soy. 3510.
Cooks   and   Walters—W.   McKensle,    Bveta
209,   Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell V**u
ley, 437 Qore avenue.    Offlce phone, Ser
4704;   residence, High. 718R.
Longshoremen's      Association—Qordu      J.
Kelly, 804 Pender Btreet west; phons ft»r
I.  L.  A. Auxiliary—E. Winch,    486  Kowa
street.    Phone Bey. fSfiO.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
No rifles arc being supplied the conscript army. Thoy will not be armed
until they get to Europe, Whether this
is on account, of any scarcity of guns
in Cnnndn, or is a precnution, one must
be his own judgo,
"Good for nothing," tlio farmer sold,
As he made a sweep nt tho burdock's head,
But then, he thought it was best, no doubt,
To come somo day nnd root it out.
Ho ho lowered Ills scythe, and went Ills way,
To see liis corn, to gather his hay;
.Ami the weed grow safe and strong nnd tall,
Close by the siilc of the garden woll.
"Good for home," cried tin? little toad,
As he hopp'od up out of the dusty road.
He hod Just been having a dreadful fright—
The boy who gavo it wos yet in sight.
HtT.Ht wns cool and dork ond green,
The safest kind of o leafy screen.
The toad wns happy; "for," snld he,
"The burdock wns plainly meant for mc."
"Good for o prop." the spider thought,
And to and fro with rare lie wrought,    *
Till  ha  fastened  it  well lo nn evergreen,
And Kiiiiu  hts  cables  tine  between.
'Twas n benuiiful brldgo—o triumph of skill.
"Good for piny," snid n child perlexed,
To  know  whnt   frolic was  coming  next.
So slip gathered thu burrs that all despised
And hor cily playmates were (pilte surprised
To Het< whnt a benuiiful basket or chair
Could be motle, with a little time and care.
They rouged their treasures nbout with pride,
And played all dny by the burdock's side.
—Author Unknown.
British Columbia people; nor should it
be forgotten that every dollar expended
for imported flours leaves the province ' Moving Platen Operators—S. Halg, Room
to maintain payrolls and induitrloa at \ Mi%in-^.Bi A> Jimligi>B( Hoom ais.
distant points. I Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
By Express
The first showing of
Men's Spring Clothing.
200 Fancy English Worsted
Suits—expertly tailored—
faultless in style—exception quality in material—the
latest thing in all suitdom.
Sold Under Our
Money's Worth or
Your Money Back'
Bought to Sell at
The Home of Good Clothes
35^47-49 H-vtinqs SrEArr.
lta Tumm\
\  City. tut I
$1.50 PER YEAR
Reports of Officers to the Eighth Annual Convention of B.CF.of L.
To tke Officers and Delegates of the
Eighth Annual Convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Looking over the provincial labor
situation since our last convention I
am not positive that conditions have
materially changed for the best. It is
true that the nominal wage has increased in almost every industry; but I am
inclined to believo that the purchasing
power of that wttge is not as great as
when wo last met in convention.
The Compensation Act
We have had a year of experience
with the Act, and I urn sorry to say
there bas been quite a lot of dissatisfaction in sonie places, but wc must
take into consideration that u year is
uot a vory long time to put it ou a real
working basis. It haB been necessary
for your committee on different occasions to visit the Board, and investigate cases of complaint, which your
committoe will no doubt cover iu their
report. And there is uu doubt lut.
what it is one of the best Acts in the
world. Btill wc lind ia it, like all other
reforms, something lacking, and already
lind room for amendments, which will
likely be made to it.
Poll Tax
3 consented to Secretary Wells, acting
in conjunction with the Trades and
Labor council of Victoria, to try and
step tho poll tax boing once more imposed upon the people of British Coldtn-
kin    But, notwithstanding the opposi-
bia.   —,  ....
lion of organized labor, it has again
become u legal tnx in this prov
iuce—with an inerease placed upon it,
so aa to help (?) the workers meet tho
high cost of living. Part of your exocutive, as directed by the last annual convention, met the preniior und his cabinet to. present thc resolutions that hud
been passed at the laBt convention, aud
wero promised by tho cabinet that they
would givo thom their consideration,
aad, so far as I know, they are still boing oonaidered. I am convinced that if
we are to gain anything from tho house
of legislation, we must have a stronger
organization behind us to bc able to
forco our demands—for it seemB that
appeals and requests ure ignored. And
1 advise thut one or two men be kept in
Victoria to do lobbying during the session, and to report to nil local unions
the members who refuse to uasist organized labor.
Company Towns
A fow months ago the capitalist press
vaissd a groat stir by publishing in
their "rags," that the government had
paaaed—or was going to pass—un Act,
that would do away with company
towns. And the slaves that hud .voted
for the l.iborul ticket were going
aroaud in great glee, boasting that now
we have got a party that is really do-
tug something for labor, But these
towns aro yet closed, and wo can only
surmise that the masters hud told their
servants (the guvcrumeut uud the
press) that this thing hud gone far
Minister of Labor
Thc resolution pussed ut our laat con*
volition, and put before the cabinet by
your committee, hns been grunted,
namely, a provincial minister of labor;
anil with him comos a deputy minister.
Whother these positions are created for
the purpose of aiding Labor or not, I
am uot in a position to Btate definitely.
But I have reasons to believe otherwise.
Conscription has been placed upon us
by tho powors that be, without any reul
opposition from organized labor—owing, no doubt, to the patriotic spirit existing amongst our membership and officials, but mainly through our unorganized position, and in the beginning
to the apathy of ull concerned.
Industrial Conscription
TkiB is another form of servitude that
will bo placed upon us, if organized
labor does not place its whole strength
solidly against it, for we already sec
signs of it in the capitalist press. Sueh
things us confiscating the wages of
enemy aliens over a dollar ten per day,
is only thc thin edge of the wedge,
ready to bo driven to its full depth if
only allowed to enter. Should organized labor permit such a condition as
this to -exist, it will be to its everlasting disgrace. In Premier Borden's
campaign manifesto we find such words
as these: "With an eye single to the
fitness for these two closely related services, and so insures that euch man is
precisely where his blow or his labor
tells best." Huving iu mind their registration scheme, and the promises
made to organized labor that there
would bc no such a thing ns military
conscription in Canada, it behooves us
to bo on the alert, and prepared for action.
A Labor Party
There is q.iite an agitation going on
throughout Canada to start a Labor
Party. This proposition may bo brought
up at our convention, and I want to
point out to the delegates that wo have
ulrcady two Socinlist parties and a So-
eial-Dohrocratic party, nnd everywhere
tho Sociul-Democratic party should perform tho functions of a Labor party,
and wo cannot overlook the fact that
our trado and industrial unions comprise Conservatives, Liberals, LnboriteB
and Socialists. Therefore, I believe it
is not in the best interest of our movement to fasten a Lubor Pnrty to our
unions. If a portion of our membership wants to bring a Labor party into
existence, then lot thot portion build it,
and support it mornlly, financially and
otherwise, and when thoy have proved
tbat they are the most capable party
to look aftor the interests of the workers, then thorn is no doabt but what
thoy will get the whole-hearted support
of the workors in general.
After War Conditions
No doubt all the delegates assembled
hero saw published in Tho B. C. Federationist a letter from the 0. P, R. Com-
iwissioncr of Colonization und Dcvolop-
V«nt Deportment and my reply thereto.
l?y that letter it is plainly shown that
our masters are already planning nnd
scheming ways nnd means to hnndlotlie
great influx of returned soldiers and
civilians tliut will Hood Canada and the
United States after the wnr. This planning and scheming is not for the benefit
of the people who nre expected to arrive here  nfter the war, nor fot. the
f benoflt of tho workers already
for the purposo of arranging their
so that there will be no hitch as t
ting them to their destinations for "the
express purposo of early exploitation.
Now, as self preservation is tho flrst
law of nature, it is up to organized
labor. to defond itself from these en-
roachmentB—-for we all know that the
standard of living in all European countries has greatly decreased since the beginning of the war. And I hope that
tho delegates here will handle this matter wholly from a working class standpoint, and insist that all labor bureaux
be operated by ^nembers of organized
labor, and financed by tho govornment.
And that we immediately get in touch
with thc Dominion Congress, the Trades
und Lubor Congress of Britain and all
other central labor bodies on this ques
In conclusion, I might Bay that there
are several other matters that I could
have gono into—such as the Disfranchisement Act, prohibition and capitalist press, for which latter, to say the
least, every worker Bhould refuse to subscribe for these sheets, as they are being
continually used against them. And in
their places should be put books and
papers of enlightenment. Looking back
ut the past year, we may have had our
failings, but would like to point out
thut our greatest failing is our unorganized position. Our strength lies in
knowledge and numbers, with a militant spirit—over ready to fight for ourselves and our fellow workers, and forget defeats and look forward to victories. It is no use to dwell upon the
untiring energies of your secretary; nor
of his abilities, for which he is well-
known. But I want to thank one and
all for your confidence in placing me
at the head of your organization, .wherein I have gained both education and experience, I remain, fraternally yours,
here, but#   An amendment to the Cool Mlnei Regula-Ahave come to the Executive at the Federa-Athe following wire being sent' to' Pre-♦ In  finance—and  taay  equal  the yearf>J- H- McJet-rL1wI™ -,-,-- ••
^p-"'Ta^-hxri!wJ^»,"T!irs^ ss iJ'W.rftS! _?_ -'«»»!»« -* <°j*-™ w""°™m «*» a.™*™^ em red* -- ?■« ** •*• ^^•■■■■■■_____
as to got-1 miners of the provinoe, the miners to hove   wishes ot the workeri en this question may   °r tho Trades and Labor Congress of  oration was somothing over 14,000. The 1180.18
To the Delegutes Attending the Eighth
Annual Convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor.
Brothers: Your Executive Committee presents the following report for
your consideration:
At tho close of the last oonvention
your Executive met to deal with the
matters referred to them by thc convention, and followed the procedure of tho
past two or three years by appointing
a special committee to deal with Compensation Act matters, the committee
appointed being J. H. McVety (chairman), A. S. Wells and W. Yates. This
committeo will present a report to you
on the working of the act for the year,
which should show if tbere is need for
amendments or changes in the udminis-
(ration of tho net.
Tho Executive also appointed. the
above committee, with the addition of
President Naylor, Vice-presidents Taylor, Head and Midgley, and Secretary
Wells, as a committee to present thc
legislative measures desired to tho government. A meoting of thc Executive
and the government was arranged for
Mmtday, March 12th inst., when tho
various proposals were presented to the
All members of the government were
present, and thc only unpleasant note
was struck by Hon. J. D. Pattullo, Minister of Lands, who left the conference
at an eurly stage of the proceedings,
uud showed considerable impatience
while he was present.
The various matters wero dealt with
by tho members of tho Executive as
follows: Presidont Naylor and Vice-
president Head, coal mining; A. S.
Wells, electoral reforms and Department of Labor; Vice-president McVoty, metalliferous mining, electrical workors protection, stationary enginoers and exomption of church property from taxation; Vice-president
Midgley, thc question of tho oight-hour
day and tho fortnightly payday; Vice-
president Yates, with the operation of
streot and electric railways, aud Vice-
president Taylor with the poll tax and
protection of longshoremen.
Your committee wero assured that
the govornment would introduce a new
metalliferous mines act at the next session of the liOiisc, and that beforo tho
net was outlined the Minister of Mines
promised that he would consult with
The request that a Department of
Labor should be established has been
granted, the minister being tho Hon. J.
W. B, do Farris, and just recently Mr.
,T. D, McNiven has been nppointed
deputy minister. It now remains to be
.•ecu how the department will be admin
istered, and if it will in reality be a
department for labor.
In spite of our protestations tho poll
tux litis been reimposed, und it will be
our tntfk to again have this tax removed.
Again wo must point to the need for
political action on the part of the workers if they aro to have enacted legislation in their interests.
Your Executive would recommend
thut steps be taken at the convention
tu hnvo some representative nt the Provincinl House during its sessions, until
s.ich time as we have more of our representatives on the floor of the house.
The following are the matters presented to the government for their
Measures Submitted to the Government.
A Provincial   Department  of  Labor.
In chargo of a res pon si bin mln inter.
Electoral   Reforms.
Proportional representation, anil thc grouping of constituencies. Amendments to the
Provincial Eloction Act to provide for the
use of the frnnchiso to all voters, whether
thoy aro resident in tho constituency in
which thoy arc registered or not.
To provido for at least two months to
elapse botWoon the dissolution of parliament
and the elections, thnt n special court of
revision ho held on tho first duy of the second
month following dissolution.
A further amendment to ahollsh tho present system of eloction deposits.
Municipal  Elections.
Amendments to tho Municipal Elections
Aet tn provide for tho abolition of property
(liiiilitleutlons for tlio holding of nil public
o Rices.
To provide for tho extension of the franchise to all bona-Hdo residents, without the
pnymont of the present householders' tnx by
imiiiiripnl electors who ara not property
Mines   Regulation   Acts.
The strict enforcement of the Mines Regulation Acts, and tbe removal of all officials
who hnve heen proven incompetent or neglectful.
the power to recall any appointment.
Minimum Wsge In Mining Industry,
An act to provide1 for a minimum wage of
$3.50 per day for all adult workers working
The penalties to be $1,000 in the case of
companies, $100 for managers, and $25 for
miners falling to report any reduction of this
Amendment to Trespass Act.
To provide for the ontry of union officials
to company property, to collect dues, and
transact any legitimate business, such as organizing, eto,
Amendment to the Metalliferous Mines
To provide that all inclined shafts and
raises be included In sections 21 and __ of
this act, whenever the Inclination is at, or
exceeds, an angle of thirty degrees.
An   Act,
Relating to the equipping of machinery
used for boring or drilling holes in slopes
and raises with water jets or sprays oi
other means of preventing the escape of dust, I
compelling tho uso of same, and providing a
penalty  for violation thereof.
Sec. 1. It shall be unlawful for any
owner, oporator or person in chargo of any
underground mine to cause to be drilled or
bored by machinery a hole, or holes, in nny
stopes or ralso or drift In ground that causes
dust from drilling, unless said machinery is
equipped with a water-Jet or spray or means
equally efficient to prevent the escape of
dust; provided that whon water-jets or sprays
ro used water free from pollution with organic or othor noxious matter shall be
.Sec. 2. Where maclhnery used for drilling
or boring holes In slopes, raises or drifts
is equipped as required by Section 1 of this
act, lt shall be unlawful for any person or
persons to drill or bore a hole In said stope.
raise or drifts, without using said appliance
for the prevention of dust.
Sec. 3. Any person who violates either of
the two preceding sections, or any owner,
operator or person in change of any underground mine, who hires, contracts with or
causes any porson to violate the two preceding sections, shall bo guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be
punished by n flne of not less than one hundred dollars or more than Ave hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county Jail
tor not more than six months, or by both
such lino and imprisonment.
Hoc. 4. That the words "porsons," "operator," "owner" and "porson in charge''
wherever used In this act shall bo deemed lo
include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of either
Canada or tho laws of any province.
Hoc. 5, This act shall take effect and bc
in full forco from and after ninety days following Its passage and approval.
Mme Inspection.
Provision to be made compelling all health
officers to visit all camps nt least once a
month, forbidding the use uf enamelware In
the preparation of food, and making it Incumbent on all corporations to provide adequate modical and hospital treatments, and
all tho necessary und up-to-date first aid
Fortnightly Pay Day. *,
An act to provide for all wages to bu
paid at least every two weeks, such payments to he In currency, and that at no time
shall mora than six days wages be kept In
Sight-Hour Day.
' An act to provido for a maximum work
week of forty-four hours In all industrial
operation!, eight hours per day, with the
exception of Saturday, which shall be four
Eight-Hour Sank to Bank.
That provision bo made for an eight-hour
bank to bank regulation in metalliferous
To   provide   for  the   free   Issuing   of   all
school supplies to all  pupils of  the public
schools throughout the province.
Fair  Wagei.
That un all work caried out by contract
for the government, the rate of wages to
be paid fur all classes of labor shall be at
trade union rates of wages, and hours and
Civil  Service.
All appointments for the civil some
be made on the principlo   of  civil service
examinations, and nut for political affiliations.
"Company  Towni."
Provision to be mado that In cases where
companies who control such towns prevent
competitive stores, etc. ,to open for business,
that the legislature will compel such companies to admit of competition, and throw such
private towns open for ordinary competitive
Longshore  Worken  Protected.
Tho appointment of competent inspectors
to inspect tho gears and tackle used in the
loading and unloading of ships.
Employment  of  Caucasian  Women  by
An aot to prevent the employment of Caucasian women or girls by any Asiatic.
Licensing and Examination of Barbers.
Legislation to cover tho licensing of barbers, and the examination of same,' with provisions for the endorcenicnt of sanitary conditions in ull barber shops.
Legislation  to   Protect  Electrical Worksrs.
Legislation to be enacted governing the
placing of poles, wires, cables, etc. A draft
net is hereby submitted for your consideration.
Registration of Plumbers.
An act to provide for thc examination nnd
registration of ull men engnged In tho plumbing business, And the strict enforcement oi
sanitary regulations.
Boiler  Inspection   Act.
Amend Sec. t,',\ by striking out the words
"one month" in the fourteenth line thereof,
nnd submitting therefor thc words "suven
Sac. ti!) to bo repealed.
Amend Hec. 70 by striking out tho word:
"and special."
Amend Hoc. 75 by striking out the word:
"Engineers with temporary certificates," it
the eighth line thereof.
Amend Bub-sec. 10, of Sec. 75, by Btrlking
out all the words after "type," in thu fourth
lino thereof, and by submitting therefor the
words "any low pressure heating plant."
Add it neW section to the act as follows
"No engineer shall bc employed for moro
tban eight hours in any twenty-four hours
in ony plant which is In continuous operation.
Any person violating the provisions of this
soction shall be liable to a penalty of not
less than $100, nor more than $1100, for
each  offence.
Street Railways.
Protection of the travelling public and
street railway employeos. The limitation of
the hours of labor for street and electric
railway employees to a maximum ot eight In
any twenty-four hours.
Tramways   Regulation  Aot,
No person shall act bb a motorman or
conductor on any street car operated on the
city streets within the limits of any city in
British Columbia, unless such motorman or
conductor shall have flrst received at least
fifteen days' instructions on tho different
stroet car lines of said city, such instructions
to bo under lho supervision of n competent
motorman or conductor on the snid city street
car lines who lins hud at least two years'
experience ns inotormun or conductor on said
2. Suid instructor shall certify to the fit-
nous of nny applicant prior to tho said applicant taking charge of nny street car; the
cortllicntinn shall stato that the applicant is
(It nnd 'nullified to tnko chnrge of, and operate, such cnr or cars.
3. Certification shall be made to the person In charge of the operation of tho street
car lines in said city, also to the Provincial
liupecloq of Tramways, and such certificate!
shall become a part of applicant's record of
service before applicant Is put In charge of a
street car.(
■4. That a penalty of not leu than fifty
dollara ($50.00), aer lisi than thirty days'
imprisonment, or both, ihall be Imposed fer
violation of any portion of then rules,
Suggested   Revival   of   the   Poll   Tax.
We desire to register a protest against any
attempt  to re-impose  this tax,    *-*•««*•««•
be understood.
Exemption   ol  Church  Property  From
We desire to protest against the exemption
of church property from taxation, and for
the following reasons:
1st. Became we are of the opinion that
there should be an entire separation of the
Church and the State.
2nd. Because we are opposed to any law
which would compel the citlsens of the province to contribute, either directly or indirectly,  to the support of religious institutions.*
3rd. Because, by extending special favors
to the churches, the government would be
enacting "religious legislation," to the principle of which the members of organized
Labor, as expressed through thc British Columbia Federation of Labor, ure strongly
.Referendum re Political Action
This referendum was placod before
the afflliated membership in Murch. The
report of the vote compiled by Secretary-Treasurer Wells does not denote
any great enthusiasm on tho part of the
membership; but it must be noted that
the organizations voting were favorable, the voting strength of ouc organization defeating the proposal. With
our experience in politieal action during
the year, we must recognize the need
for political organization beforo we
can have representatives on tho floor of
oither the provincial or the Dominion
houses. Therefore, we recommend that
steps be taken at this convention to
form a political organization, based on
class lines.
Wc ulso recommend' 'the following
method of carrying out the object of
the foregoing recommondation:
That the Executive committee be instructed to call a conference of representatives of all trades,unions iu the
province, and representative men in the
working class movement outside of the
trade union movement; to lay down the
programme of the working class political party. The place of meeting and
date to be left to thc discretion of the
Your executive recognize that the
timo is drawing near when the workers
will see the class nature of the present
governments, and it will be necessary
for them to have a political organization that will be founded on the class
antagonist that must continue to grow
us cupitalism continues to develop, nnd
by no other method' ean the workers
meet the problems that will arise in the
very near future.
The aftermath of the war will
sweep all our old ideas us to the good
thut cun bo accomplished by voting
either of the old political party tickets
aside, and at present there is no'political organization that meets the needs of
the situation. Recognizing that, after
all, the success of the working class political movement must rest in the hands
of the rank and file, we submit for your
consideration the above reeommenda
tions with the hope that a real politieal
movement may be the result,
Following oat the wishes of the lust
convention, as regarding conscription,
your executive left nothing that could
be done, with the means at their com
maud undone. The secretary, acting
undor the instructions of the executive,
sent communications to all local unions
in the province, and1 to all the central
bodies iu the Dominion, giving the
views expressed at the last convention,
later a referendum on the question giving the executive the power to call a
general strike in the event of the gov
ernment mnking conscription effective,
was taken, the voting on that question
is shown in the report of the secretar;
treasurer, and with the vote before us
We considered that the only safe, aud
democratic course was to call a speciul
convention. This course wns adopted,
and the convention was duly held on
Labor Dny in Vancouver, lu order to
got the most representative views of
the workers of the province, the cull
was sont to all organizations whether
affiliated or not, no organization being
debarred from representation becuuse
they were not affiliated with the Federation.
The result of that convention is now
history. We were instructed to place
candidates in the field in whatever constituencies that were considered suitable. Thc constituencies chosen wore:
Vancouver South, Burrard, Nanaimo,
Victoria, Enst Kootenay and West
Kootenay—making a total of six Boats.
We regret to report thut not one scat
was won for Labor. The \Vur-Timen
Election Act, no doubt, hud Homo thing
to do with the results; but it is evident at that, without tho organization,
labor cannot expect to gain its objective politically.
Following is it copy of the letter sent
to members of the government and
Houso of Commons:
VICTORIA, D. 0„ June 8, 1617.
To the premier and members of tho govern'
ment of  the Dominion  of Canada;  the
leader of the opposition und members ef
the House of Commons:
Sirs:   The   nbove   Federation   ut   the   lust
convention,   held   in   Revelstoke,   i).   C,   iu
January of this year, went on record as being  opposed to   "Registration  or Conscription," either industrial or military, the reasons for this opposition aro:
1. That military or industrial conscription is the iinpot.itu.il of a form ot servitude
which Is obnoxious to, a so-called free people.
2. That militarism is the curse of present
civilization, and a result uf trade Jealousies
between nations.
9. That military autocracy in Germany
or any other country cannot be defeated by
the establishment of the same torm of autocracy in countries which have been free from
4. Thnt the only people that can defeat
so-called Prussianism is the people of Germany, and tho adoption of a like system in
this country only extends thc evils of n
Prussian military system to a people who
havo been free from such servitude, and who
resent the attempt, "under any pretext." to
foist upon them conserlptivo measures, military or industrinl, which would Inevitably
bring about a similar situation In this country, to tbnt which obtains In countries cursed
by compulsory military service.
5. Measures of this nature Imposed upon
a peoplo undor the guise of temporary neees-
ity, have invariably become permanent institutions. ,,      ,
Wo ask that due consideration be given to
our opposition, and would conclude by stating that it is the intention to use oil the
forces at our command to resist conscription
In any form.
On behalf ot the Executive,
J, NAYLOR, President.
A. 8. WKLL8,  8ecretnry.tr*asir*r.
In spite of all our effort!, -BOHwriptiOB
ii now aa institution af tke country,
and fron appMrane.ii, industrial son
■eription, aa wa predicted, is now upon
... Further than that, aoatiaaed agitation is being carried on for the intro
duetion of indentured Chinese labor.
This we have opposed, ue best we can
Canada:   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Right Hon. Sir R. L. Borden, premier Dominion of Canada:
B. C. Federation of Labor protests against
the proposed importation or entry of Asiatic
labor, either Indentured or otherwise.
J. C. \Vuttcrs, president of Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada:
I have wired Borden that the B. C. Federation of Labor protests against the proposed
Importation or entry of Asiatic labor, indentured  or otherwise.
War-Times Election Act
When the provisions of this measure
wero lirst noticed, stepB were taken to
oppose tho measure. The following telegrams were sent to the premier and Sir
Wilfrid Laurier and to President Watters:
Right Hon. Sir R. L. Borden, premier:
Organized labor, as represented by the B,
0. Fedoration of Labor, protests against tho
provisions of tbe War-Times Election Act,
und demnnds equal suffrage for all adult
citizens irrespective of sex.
A copy of the above wire was also
sent to Sir Wilfrid Laurier, us the
leader of the opposition:
C. Walters, president Trades and Labor
Congress ot Canada:
B. C. Federation of Labor executive endorse your opposition to the War-Times Election Act, und hnve wired Borden and Laurier
demanding equal suffrage to nil adult citizens
pective of sex.
A.   S. WELLS,
The following wire was received
from the prehiier:
Secretary-treasurer B. C. Federation of
Labor, Victoria:
Telegram received. It is evident that you
do not fully appreciate the situntlon with
which the government has to deal. Am
writing you fully by this mail.
That your executive were fully alive
to the situation with which thc government was faced, and that they recognized the import of the act, which was
designed to win the elections, was borne
out by the results of the recent elections, and what they expected occured. The only reason for the act was
to re-elect the sume interests to power,
even though they adopted the disguise
of n so-culled unionist government.
Luter, a letter was received from the
premier. Needless to say, it was of the
usual stereotyped character, and conveyed nothing new in the arguments
offered for the introduction of thc
measure. Similar letters were sent to
all manner of organizations that protested ngninst the disfranchising of a
large portion of citizens, and only
granting tho frunchiae to a section of
the women of the country, and thoso
whom the government were of the opinion would support them at the polls.
Representation at Congress Convention
At the last convention, Secretary-
treasurer Wells was elected as the delegate to attend this convention. Bat
realizing the position financially, and
ulso the m'ed for concentration on the
local situation, we felt the best inter
osts of the members would be better
conserved by not sending him to that
eonvention, but to devote our efforts to
tho work thut was left to us in the
Lot it bo understood that we do nut
depreciate iu any way the need for representation at Congress, or thc importance of the work of that body, but
that under thc circumstances, we felt
that better results would be obtained
by the carrying out the thing that we
had to do, and not to try and do more
than we were able financially, and so
cripple tho work of the Federation in
its provincial sphere.
Appeal from Miners of Crows Nest Pass
During the strike of tho Crows Nest
miners, we received an appeal for financial assistance from the minors' executive. Under the conditions, we were
not able to assist them, except by issuing an appeal to Iho afflliated membership, through the medium of The Fedorationist. The appeal wns responded to
by the miners of the Boundary country
and othoi' workors assisting by financial
B. 0. Federationist
Realizing the importance of the
Lnbor puss, and tho fad that The B,
(', Federationist is the best Labor
paper ou thc continent, tho executive
are of the opinion thai the more widely
it is rend by the Workors, the more information tlicy will gather ns to Hie
movement. We, therefore, recommend
thut a referendum vote of the ttfflllntcd
membership be tnken on the question
of raising tho per capita tax to seven
cents per member per month, wilh tho
object of placing the pnpor in the hands
of' all the ufh'liutcd members of the
Federation, Tills will placo tho paper
in the hands of every nieinlicr tit a cost
of 110 cents u year, whilo the present
subscription rates are £1.50 a year out*
ide of Vancouver, nnd $2,00 in Van-
ouver, or $1 per year to unions sub-
cribing in a body.
As is shown in the report of tho Seeretary-trensurer, the financial position
of the Foderation, is not as good as it
was a year ago. But, when it is considered that we have had to carry out
during the year work that is not usual
—being of such a nature that it could
not bo earriod out without considerable
outlay—then we feel that you will realize that the position is ns good ns could
be possibly expected.
The per" c pi ttl receipts show at increase over Inst year. Tins denotes a
larger membership. As wo have receiv-
rt no financial assistance this ycur from
Congress, we actually had to work with
loss finances than in the yoar 1911.
Naturally, with the position financially ns outlined, we could do but little
work along the lines of orgnnizntion.
Tie enly work done has been by the
members of the executive voluntarily,
From present indications the results of
the work accomplished will bc in evidence, by the increased membership
represented at this convention. The
eoining yenr shows promise of being a
banner ' one for the Federation—in
point of membership ond consequently
increased industrial activity, no doubt,
hns bad much to do with thc increased
interest taken in the Federation, and
while the present industrial revival may
not bc permanent—in fact, we do not
expect that it wiU—but that industrial
depresaion will again be witnessed in
this country; no effort should bc spared
nt this time to regain some of the lost
grojnd, and to build up tho organization
to tho end that when we are again
faced with lean years, wc may still
carry on the work in the interests of
the working class.
World happenings in thc year 1917
should make all workers study the
rapidly changing scenes, and consider
to where they arc leading. While not
desiring to be unduly optimistic, your
executive feel that changes are coming
thut arc bound to be of great good to
thc workers of all lands. Your duty ut
this convention is onc that should not
be lightly treated, for it is possible that
the actions taken at thiB convention
muy have a bearing on thc future of
the working clans movement greater
than would appear possible at this time.
With the workers in Russia and Great
Britain taking command of the situation in those countries, and with evidences that thc Labor movement iB to
tuko precedence over all others throughout the world, the need for real effort,
and for renl interest being tnken in
the movement in this country should
be evident to till thinking members of
our class.
With thc hope that whatever action
is tnken, that it will be in the intorest
of tho working class, that no petty differences will obscure the renl isBiie, and
that all will unite in thc carrying out
of the decisions of the convention is
the wish of the executive.
Respectfully submitted on behalf of
the Exocutive.
A. 8. WELLS,
Victoria Typewriter Co., repairs 9   2.§t
B. C. Telephone 06., phone      *.t*
A. 8. Wella, salary, wires, ete., at*
leading Compensation Act counts.   41.7*
« 50.11 ,
B. 0. Telephone Co., phene. 9 H-7S
W,   Yates,   attending   Compensation
Act commission - ».....U..   11.7*
J. H-   McVety, attending Oompenia-
tion Act conunlHlon i..    14.T5
9 40Jf
Total income   91.186.B7
Forward from 1916      161,78
To the Officers and Delegates of the
Eighth Annual Convention of tho
British   Columbin   Federation   of
Herewith I submit for your consid
eration  the  following  financial state
tnent and other matters pertaining to
Total disbursements   1,808.87
Bills Payable
Cowan k  Brookhouse, printing 9 09.70
I). C. Federatlonist, report ef special
convention and card     61.99
Macey Office Equipment Co., office
■applies  ~ -    18.lt
A. 8. Wells, secretary salary and postage, etc    70.18
Referendum Votes
Acting on the instructions af tke
Executive, the following referendum
was referred to the affiliated membership on the question of the Fcderatioi
entering the political field on March 1:
Referendum on tne Federation Entering
tbe Political Arena
At the Ian! convention, held it Revelstoke
If. C-, on January 29 to February 2, 1917, it
wan decided to take a referendum vote of the
affiliated membership on the question of tke
"Federation entering tho political field." In
submitting this question to tbe membership,
tbe executive desire to point out the following facts, in order that the members, with a
knowledge of conditions as they are, will be
able to give their votes without any misunderstanding.
The political situation in the provlnee ef
Hritish Columbia in one in which, It can well
be said, the workera are not organlied.
Ncilhcr aro they, as a class, represented ia
the legislative halls of the country or province.
That the workers need political organisation and representatives, none that hav*
studied the situation will deny. Onr yearly
visit lo thn government, asking thtt ear
wishes regarding legislation should be eon-
sidered, is ample proof of this; and, If farther proof is needed, It can be found In tke
results, or lack of results gained, when plaoed
alongside of the requests which have beea
The activities of the trades unlpni are,
and enn be, restricted by the legislation enacted from time to time. Not only that, bat
the conditions under which we live nre cot-
trolled by the economic conditions, nnd by
the legislation enacted by the legislatures;
these again are controlled by capitalist poll-
tl clans; and legislation so enacted having Its
effect an the economic, as well as tbe social
conditions under which wo live. Therefore,
the need for political aetion must be appir-
office of Secretary-Treasurer tor the   fnt to the most casual observer.
,_,_                                                               Another aspect of the case—while
year 1917, ' "' -   ■
Per Capita Tax Receipts
January : 8 50B.61
February  _  44.56
March   4S.92
April   57.86
June  133.20
July  147.86
August  •.  118.26
September  10.30
Oct ti tier  - ,  17.05
November   13.60
December  41.43
Trades Council, Victoria, long dlst..~8 14.15
Wnlti-r Head, attend. Ex, sessions  8.00
W. B. Thompson       "         "     16.00
W. Yates                    "          "      S.OO
B. II. .Mormon          "          "      8.00
J,   Drunks                     "           "      MO
J. H. McVety " "    	
nnil postages  lS.eo
A. 8. Wells, at. Ex. sessions and work
previous tn convention, cxprets, rtc. 28.15
A.   8,   Wells,   stationery,   exchange,
wires and salary, per Item, state... 32.00
Mail-Herald, Revelstoke, sign   2.BO
It.  How son, rent of chairs for conr...
V, K.'Midgley, attend. Kx. session	
W. Yates, " "       	
W.  B.  Phillips, ■' *'       	
W, K. Thompson        " "       	
J. Taylor " "     	
A, Goodwin " "     	
J. H. McVety
W. Head " "    ■  	
,1. Naylor " "      	
J.   11.   McSorley,   rent   of   office   for
A. S. Wells, ns voted by convention..
A. s. Wells, attending Exocutive sessions and wires 	
B, 0,   Federatlonist,   on   account   of
printing officers1  reports 	
To janitor fur stir vl cob at eonvention..
Trades    Council,    Victoria,    long-dis-
tancc phone 	
Vancouver Labor Temple Co,,  long-
"islnnre  phone  	
Cowan    &    Brpokliouso,   on    account
Macey time- Equip. Co., duplicating
A. 8, Wells, salary.  Kehruary 	
Cowan & Brookhouse, printing	
B, ('. KedorrttionUt, on account	
A, s. Wells, offlco supplies	
W.  Hend.
V, it. Midgloy
.1. Taylor
A.   S.   Wells,
I. Naylor, dop.
ini.| stationer
$   K- '.r.l
I   14.0',
W.   Yates,   Executive meeting.
.1. H. McVoty, Executive meet
ll. c.   Pedenittonlst,  sub.   tot
Mneey    OIHoo    Kijtiipment    Co.
requisite*       7.95
Victoria   Printing f,   Pub.  Co 50
W. Wobstor, typewriter repairs       -1.50
.1. Naylor, Executive n ting     18.70
.1, Naylor, oxpen)
to Vn
Labor Temple
$ 72.25
.,9 24.no
distance phono  I
J, 11. McVety, re Oompenutlon Act..
J, Naylor, attending Atitl-CoiiBcriptlon
mooting, Numiiiiui 	
Victoria    Trades    Council,    long-dls-
tnnco phone 	
A. S, Wells, on acct. salnry, eto	
Remington  Typewriter Co.,  repairs,..,
\. S. Weill.
Cowan & Brookh
B. C  "
salary, el
, printing...
Federatlonist, 1ml, ncct    at.00
A u pnst
Victoria    Trad-
tlllice phone
J. Naylor, attending Victoria re conscription 	
B. C. Tolephono Co.,  phone	
Macey Co,, ofllce supplies	
neet. vnlary nnd
.ending Bxocntlvo Moisten
attending Bx,  sen* lon....
. Wells, oi
0, Box rent
8, W.-lls, imln.
8 10
9 415*
Co., phono 9 «.30
acct, af  per Itemlied
alnry,  etc   100 00
account..  04.12
nixing thu need tor political'action—la tha
diversity of opinions thit are in evidenoe la
tho trades unionB In the province The Federation, being made np of the affiliated membership of such organisations, can be well
said to hold the same diversified views aa to
political action. And while the Federation,
through Its affiliated membership, hu gene
on record as being In fiver of tbe principles of socialism, we must net forget tkat
tho affiliated unions am made up of men thftt
bold every kind of political opinion, see**
being socialists, some/favoring one or other
ot the old political parties, and some being
In favor of the formation of i Labor party
along the lines of the old land, Australia, ete.
With these farts beforo yen, wo would isk
that everything thnt can be considered In
connection with (his question should bo taken
into aeeonnt before the members cant their
vuli-s. Thc two things thnt should be particularly considered  being:
(1) How groat Is the need for tho workers lo enter tho political fiold, nnd if there
is nt present a working class political party
that  meets  that  needt
(2) Is it possiblo for the Federation, W
a Killerstion, with Its members holding amy
nnd diversified views on this question, tt
enter Ihe political field I
These questions eannet be nettled by ambers acting as Individuals, but must be aet-
tlrd by tbo vote of as large a proportion ef
tho affiliated membership as can be proserad
to voto on tbo following question, (the veto
whon token should be recorded on the Minutes, and tbe returns made te the Fodoraiioa
by means of the official ballot here attached).
I reran In, fraternally yeun,
A. fl. WELLS,
Question: "Are you in favor of the Federation entering (be Political Field?"
Voting in favor    Voting against	
All ballots must be signed by the secretary
of the organization voting, same tu bo roturned to lb* sec rota ry-trcasBrer of tho Federation nn or before tho 1st day of April
1017. Ballots not mailed by that date will
not be counted.
Name of organization	
Secretary's mime and address	
Tho voting resulted «h follows:
Local unions voting, 29; majority of
K!.ils voting  in  fnvor,   ID; toajorlty
iignuml tlio proposnl, 78.  The tabulated
voto ih ns follows:
Mr. iv,
ry Workon, Victoria..',
ry  \\ orhers,   Vanrouve
rt lifts,   Vancouver
". Victoria .
'*«*, 8631, Victoria
inkere, Vancouver
Kcluil Clerks,  |'r   Rnnftrt	
■taj. Worker'., vSS^Z
Pflh  Packers,  Prince Kunort
te"or.°wriw*, victorC;;
longshoremen, Victoria
Mftch n iti, Now w |„l(nr
MlChnlitR,   Vancouver
Machinists.   Victoria
MovlnB Pin. Opn., VanwmVw
9 earn Knglneon, Vnncouvor..
LB      »l«'P-1 Victoria...
aim, Kng.. print-,. Ruport
vSSs fail* sir- "fe"
"r,       ;,""!KI'- Vnncouver..  .
Irmles Cmibcll,  Now West
lenuiKt.-rs,  Fornie
■ M. W.. Oladstone	
[[ M W„  South Wellington"
MM.ft s.w;i.OnSr
M. M. ft
M.M-& S.W IU .r'hW
171       110
Referendum re General Strike Agnliit
Acting on tbe instnietions pf the Kx-
rutive on .lunr- 8, 1 «ubiiiiflod tbe following roforondum on the proposnl of
tilling n gonornl strike in tne wont of
conscription becoming effective i
VICTORIA, B.O,, Juno 8, 1917,
Jrfc-nnUcd   l.al.i r In the I'revlnci' of
British Columbia.
Greeting:    The   above   h'udoration,   at   tho
To  All Oi
....- Huuve h'udoration, al th
lust convention, held in Vancouver, II,'.'., li
Jnnnnry of this yes*, wont on record ■- be
ing opposed to "ReglHtrallin or Conscription," either Industrial er Military. The
rei(0M for this opposition aro:
I. Thai Military or Industrial (.'on * notion is Un- Imposition til a form el lervltvdi
which || obnoxious In a so-called free p 'pie.
B, That Militarism is lho tirno ef prwient
rlvilmiiion, and a result of trade jeaK'uini
between nations,
3, Thli military anlorrney la tiirnit -r or
mny olher coentry fannol be dofoilrd 1 ' the
establishment uf lbe «a«e fern ef aat"-aey
In countries which bs** beon tree freni * .--m.
4. That iho enly r"F>» thai van • •'■at
if. ■iilkd   l'ru««ia*i#ra Is Iho people ef Oor-
fret*. ,„•„„.,/,;z::■",„«* «&
■■ pag« 10)
PBIDAY February 1, 1918
Reports of Officers
to the Eighth Annual
Convention of B. C. F. of L.
(Continued from page 9)
have been free from such servitude, and who
resent the attempt, "under any pretext,"
to foist upon them conacriptive measures,
military or industrial, which would inevitably
bring about a similar situation in this country to that which obtains in countries cursed
by compulsory military service.
6. Measures of thin nature imposed upon
l poople under tbe guise of temporary neces-
elty, have invariably become permoncnt
To carry out the opposition aa voiced by
the trades unionists of this province, It is
necessary that the executive be given power
to carry out that opposition by deeds as woll
as words. The only method that cnn be
made effective is tho "DOWN TOOLS POLICY OP THE GENERAL STRIKE." The
following question is therefore submitted to
all local unions in the province, to consider
which special meet in km should be called for
.the purpose of taking the votes at the earliest
opportunity, and the result of thc ballot sent
to tbe Secret ary-treasurer as soon as it Is
A.   8. WELLS,
Aro you prepared to place In thc hands
ef the Executivo of the Hritish Columbia
Federation of Labor tho power to cnll a
GENERAL HTU1KK in the event of Conscription, oithor Military or Industrial, being mado
effective by the Dominion Government .
Voting ln Favor
Voting   Against
Secretaries ahould return this ballot to the
Secretary-treuurer, A, S. Wella, P. 0. Box
183B, Victor!*, B. 0.
The result of thc voting on this refer-
•fldum boing:
Total number of locals voting, 40;
lumber of locals voting in favor of the
general striko being 25; 15 against,
Locals ia favor cast -n vote of 1,716
for the strike. Locals opposed cast
voto of 271 against thc strike. In addition, locals in favor gave a vote of
305 against the strike; locals opposed
east 125 votes in favor of tho striko
thus giving a total vote in favor of
the striko of 1,841, and a total against
•f 576.
Following out thc instructions of tho
oonvention, and as further instructed
by the Executive, the following letter
was issued to thc affiliated bodies, and
to all central bodies in the Dominion:
VICTORIA, B.C., March 1st, 1917.
Te All Affiliated Bodies and Trades Councils
Throughout tho Dominion.
Greeting: At the recont convontion of the
above Federation, the following resolutions
pertaining to Conscription were passed:
Extract from tho report of tho Exocutive:
"Your Executivo are of tho opinion that it
Is too late to deal with tho ipiestlon of
Registration, and that to a great extent the
executive ofl the Dominion Trades Congress
has placed the workors in an awkward position through their lack of definite action, nnd
tkat we ahould lay down plans for the op-
fosltion of nil conscription proposals, either
ndustrial or Military."
Resolution No.' 19:    "That In view of the
Sposition of organized Lnbor to conscrip-
n, and the effort of tho Dominion Government to impose a registration plan, without
giving the assurances desired, that it was not
l prelude to conscription, that this convention
pass a vote of non-confldcnce in tho Government, and that copies of thla roanlution be
■ent to ill central bodies in thc Dominion,
•nd that i oopy be sent to the Dominion
Trides Congress."
Resolution reported by the Executive:
"Thnt conscription be not put into effect
before it has been submitted to a referendum
vote of the poople of Cnnada. And that the
Executive is hereby instructed to utilize nil
feasible means of publicity and education to
this ond."
We would ask that your organization con-
alder the foregoing, ind endorse the samo,
■ending copies to the Dominion Tradea Con-
Kess, and, wherever poasiblo, getting pub-
:lty through the press, by sending copies to
the Dominion Government, and to local members of Parliament.
With beat wishes  for Labor's  progress,  I
Fraternally yours,
A.   8.  WELLS,
Secret ary-Trenail Mr.
The B. 0. Federatlonist
In order to carry out the wishes of
the last convention, re tho support of
organized labor to The Federationist,
the following letter was sent to all
afflliated bodies in thc province:
VICTORIA, B.C., February 20th, 1918.
To AU Affiliate* Bodies.
Greeting: At tbe recent conrentlon held,
•t Revelstoke, the question of the Ubor press
wai discussed. In connection with this mntter our own paper, The B. C. Federationist,
•f which the Federation came into part ownership some time ngo, camo under discussion.
The general opinion was that it wm the
■oat virile Lnbor paper on the continent, nnd
the Executive wero Instructed to devise ways
ind meana to the ond that overy member
afflliated with the Foderation could receive a
eopy of the papor each week.
To thia end the Executive havo taken the
mntter up with the management of tho paper,
and submit the following proposals and rites
ior your consideration:
The affiliated membership of the Foderation
Is approximately 5,500. Should tho entire
membership decide, through their locals, to
tike the piper each week, the paper can bo
■applied it the very low rate of fivo cents
per member per month, or sixty conts por
member por year.    Should, however, the on-
J [re membership not care to subscribe, tho
allowing rates ran be obtained:
Local unions with one hundred or more
members desiring to Hiihscrihe in a body, cnn
obtain the pnpor nt the rnte of seventy-five
eents per member por year. Lncnl union:
with less than ono hundred members cat
obtain the piper at tho rate nf one dollar
per year. Thla Is a vory reasonable rato,
ind should moot with the approval of all.
Owing to the postal rales in thc City of
Vincouver, tlio   abovo   mentioned rates will
not apply to thnt city, but local unions thai
now subscribe In a body will he able to havo [
the  paper  at   the   rate.*,   at   present   pnid   br I
Outlying districts receive more favorable,
postal rales, hence the distinction between j
thom and Vancouver, and should be nn in- i
dncement to the districts outside Vancouver
to subscribe.
The Executive are nf the opinion Mini with j
evory member In receipt of thc paper each I
woek, i fuller knowledge of the hnppen Ing*
In the Labor world would he (wined by the
members of orgs nixed Labor, Bnd, ns a remit, a greater intereat would bo takon in
the work of the movemont, and a further
result would be a better nnd more active
You ire, therefore, requested to ns soon
ia possible lead your views on this matter,
giving n itntement as to what your organisation la, nnd un do to nssist the paper, nnd
by ao doing Mefat the working class movement In the prevince.
Trusting thnt your answer will bo one
thst will be as desired, and one thlt will
•ssist, I remiln.
Fraternally yours,
A.  8.   WELLS,
The results achieved by this letter
wore not ouch as we might have expected. Many replies came in asking
for further information, and Manager
Pettipiece has informed me that ns a
result, several organizations have subscribed in a body, but until somo definite proposal, which will rosult in tho
affiliated mehiborship in somo manner,
subscribing, and each member receive
the paper, the object bo much desired
tral bodies in tho province, and at tho
same time the following appeal for
financial assistance to carry on the political campaign was issued, *he results
of the campaign, and the financial assistance will be dealt with in tho Executive report, and in my report of the
financial end ot^ho campaign respectively, and there is no necessity to
make further commont in this report.
Report of Special Convention.
VICTORIA,  B.C.,  Sept.  10,  1017.
To tho Officers and  Membera of tho Lnbor
Greeting: Tbo following synopsis of the
proceedings of tho special convontion hold in
Vanconver on Labor Day Is sont to all orgnnized Labor in ordor that they may be informed as to tho results of that convention.
President Kavanagh, of tho Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, opened tho convention at 10 a. m. by calling tho convontion
to order, and pointing out the serious nature
of the business that would be dealt with.
President Naylor, in Uklng over tho gavel,
urged the fullest freedom of speech and toleration with views that may not bo acceptable to all.
•Secretary Wells then read tho report of
tho Executive' committee, which gave a resume of the different happening! since tho
introduction of the National Registration
scheme, to the time of thp passing of Ihe
Military Service Aot.
The most important part of tho Executive')
report was the recommendations contained
therein, which are aa follows:
Wo recommend that seeing thnt the politicnl situation ia the most prominent, the leaving of the General Strike proposal in tho
hands of the Executive, md that our attention bo directed to tho political field.
That Working Class candidates be placod
in the field In the industrial constituencies
throughout tho provinco, and, as tho question
is a national queatlon, thnt other Labor bodies
throughout the eountry be requested to adopt
the same methods.
That tho Executive committeo be authorised to call nominating conventions in auch
constituencies as thoy may deem dosirible,
on the same basis of representation as Is in
effect it the annual conventions of the B. C.
Foderation of Labor, nnd that thoy bo authorized to establish a fund for the purpose of
carrying on the campaign, samo to be distributed at the discretion of the Kxeeuti'
The recommendations wero adopted by a
roll call voto of 56; In favor, eight against,
and throe delegates not voting or were
The question was aBked if referring the
matter of tho goneral striko to tho Executive
would give that body a mandate, to call a
atriko. Secretary Wells replied that "
In tho discussion it was pointed out by
many delegates that the introduction of Military Conscription would bo followed by Industrial Conacription, the experience ot other
countries being cited as evidence, as well as
statements that wero made in the House of
Commons during tho passing of tho Military
Service Act, whioh showed that several of
tho members of the House hnd that form of
conscription in viow.
In the report of the Executive the follow*
Ing passage is worthy of consideration:
"Your Executive can seo al this timo a
change in tho situation. It is now n political
question, and conacription has become a
political football; and to>hide the record of
tho present incompetent government Ibis
measure Is brought forward. And if they
can get any political advantage out of it then
they are intending to do so."
In conclusion, whilo deprecating tho brevity of this report, yet tho fact that delegates
wero prosent from Prince Rupert in tho
north, to Trail In the interior, and from
Island points as well as from tbe larger cities, will result in the workers of tho province being in possession of fuller details, and
this report will give to Lahor the official
notification as to the action adopted at. the
convention, which will be put into offect by
the Executive* in the near futuro.
Trusting thnt   Lahor will  givo  Ihe  fullest
support   to   the   Executive   in   fulfilling   the
duties resting on thom, I remain,
Fraternally yours,
A.   S.   WELLS,
Secretary- Treasurer.
VICTORIA, B.C., Sept. 10, 1917.
To All Organized Labor in  the Provinco of
British Columbia.
Greeting: Following out the Instructions
of the Bpecial convention held in Vancouver
on Labor J)ay, tho Executivo of the above
Fedoration hereby issues an appeal for fnntls
to carry ofi ihe political campaign Inaugurated at that convention.
The effectiveness of thnt campaign will be
determined by -the financial support received
to contest the different constituencies which
tho Executivo consider likely to be suitable.
Wo shall need fourteen hundred- dollars for
election deposits alono. This, however, is
not all that will be required. Funds must
be available for the purposo of carrying on
the campaign, for the publication of literature, fnr the expenses of tho candidates, and
a hundred and ono things that must he done
if our efforts aro to be of any avail.
Somo nf tho constituencies nre of consider
able extent, and will, bo somowhat costly
nthors agnin will he easy to cover, and thos.
are the hrgest industrial centres, and where
we should look for our greatest support
financially. The fact thnt the effectiveness of
the campaign throughout tho province will bc
the greatest value to the movement should bo
considered, and local views should not bo
considered, rather thr campaign as n whole.
Yon now havo tho opportunity to secure
representatives of the workera In tbe Dominion House. The common danger has brought
ua ti.gether politically, a thing tbnt has been
desired for snmo time. You now havo the
opportunity to show to the world that when
the workers oro threatened by the powers of
reaction, thai thc common nood will bring
you together as nothing elso cnn. Tho timo
has arrived when we ean and should got representation; on organized Lnbor rests tho responsibility.
Donations should he sent to the Secretary-
treasurer, A. S, Weill*, P.O. Box 1536, Victoria, B.C. Receipts will bo sent, and the
list of donations published In Tho B.C. Federatlonist from time trt time.
Tnutlng that  your organization  will  sup-
pnri us in this, the greatest movement started
In this province, I remain,
Fraternally youra,
A.   S. WELLS,
Secretary-Trenail r.-r.
Act, and while wc rocognize tbat thoir getting tho act enabled us to use it as a roacon
for getting oars, thc fact remains that we
havo also gono one  better,  and paved  the
way for a bettor act in thc other provinces.
Under separate cover I am mailing you
throe copies of the report of proceedings of
our recent convention, which will ahow you
our financial standing at tbe end of the year.
With fraternal greetings I remain,
OTTAWA, Ont., February 24, 1917.
Mr. A. S. Wella,
Secretary B. C.   Federation of Labor,
Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir and Brother:    Your totter of the
19th instant received in this morning's mail,
transmitting  instruct inns  as  per  resolutions
of your Revelstoke convention.
This Is merely an acknowledgment, and I
desire to inform you that the matters therein
contained shall bo placed forthwith bofore
the President and Parliamentary Representative and tho Executive Council of tho Congress for their consideration and decision.
Upon receipt of their replies I shall transmit
same to you without delay.
Fraternally yours,
P.   M.   DRAPER,
, P. ht, Draper,
Sec retary -Treat
■ III!
26,   1917.
V. it. W., South Wellington  50.00
Cigarmakers' Union, Vnncouver  25.00
Local 817, IT. B. of Carp., Vancouver 10.00
Shipyard Laborers, Victoria  50.00
Machinists' Union, New Westminster 10.00
Stone   Cutters, Vancouver, per   Bro.
Cassidy    9.00
Collected by B. C. Federationist  83.00
A.S.C.B, of Carp.,  Vancouvor  10.00
Wires  ** 14.02
Carbon paper .
.     Trndes and  Labor
Congress of Canada.
Dear Sir and Brother: Yours of the 20th
inst, re report covering tho activities of tho
Foderation to hand. Your request will bo
complied with at the earliest possible opportunity, and' In- the time stated In your letter.
Early in tho year 1 wrote asking tho Exocutive to consider thc question of making a
grant to tho Federation tor legislative purposes. Yon acknowledged tho lotter, but 1
havo as yot not hoard the derision of the
Executivo on this mntter. ,
With kind regards, I remain,
Fraternally yonrs,
A.   S,   WELLS,
OTTAWA, Ont., July 3, 1017.
Mr. A. S. Wells,
Secretary-Treasurer B. C. Federation of
Labor, Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sir and Brother: This will acknowledge receipt ot yonr favor of tho 28th in
reply to mine of tho 28th ultimo, and I note
that you will comply with my rcqneBt in the
timo specified.
Re financial assistance from tho Congross
to tho B. C. Foderation of Labor for legislative purposes. I referred this matter to the
Exocutive Council of the Congress, ss stated
in my letter to yon. The Conncil wore under tho improsalon that your Federation waa
in receipt of sufficient funds to transact its
business for tho current year, and refuse to
mnke a granl. Mr. Alox. Watchman, Victoria, B.C., ono of the membera of tho Ex-
H, MoVety, Ex. aossions  14.75
V. R, Midgley, Ex. sessions   14.75
W, Yates, Ex. sessions  20.00
J. Naylor, Ex, sessions  36.80
Cowan & Brookhouse, printing  28.25
B.  C.  Federationist,  special  edition,
on account  100.00
TradeB   Council,   Victoria,   hnll   rent
and long-distance phono   33.70
B. C. Federationist ( on account  50.00
Advanced  to  Nanaimo  and  Victoria
campaign committeo   896.75
Balanse     111.78
Total  $822.00
EUIs Payable
B.  C.  FederationiBt  $175.00
Balance  111.78
Deficit  :.$ 88.22
VANCOUVER, B. 0., Jan. 23, 1918.
To the Officers and  Dolegates of  the
Eighth Annual Convention of the
B.C. Federation of Labor:
The Rovelstoke convention continued
the special committee of provious years
which has had tho duty of dealing with
workmen's compensation  matters, tho
mombors of the committee being Vice-
preBident McVoty (Chairman), Vancouvor; Vice-president Yates, New Westminster, and Secretary-treasurer Wells,
New Act in Force
The new act, upon which so much
timo and i energy has been spent, went
into force on January 1, 1917, Messrs.
E. 8. H. Winn, Parkor Williams and
Hugh B. Gilmour having boen appoint-
___   od   by the Provincial Government as
ocutlvo Council, favored granting tho samo ( commissioners, Victoria boing chosen as
...iB..«„n .„ th. n r. w,.HnmHo„ **< t« «nv i thc head o(&^ ^though the act requir-
ed the hoad offico to be fixed at the
chief industrial center.
members of the committee  were "not
Board Members Shown Light
On October 30 the conference with
tho board was hold, and the case of the '
man^ with the frozen foot waa again
taken up the chairman announced, and
the other members appeared to agree,
that workmon injured by frost bite
were not covered by the act, mentioning
a number of decisions of the high courts
of England as authority for the stand
tnken. The committee drew the attention of tho board to the fact that tho
language of the English and British Columbia acts defining accidents was not
the sanio, the British Columbia definition having beon taken from theOntario
act, which was much wider in its application, and was instfttod by Sir William
Moredith, Chief Justice of Ontario,
who invostigabod the Bubject for the
government of that province and drew
the act. The board members admitted
that they had not read the stenographic reports of tbo investigation by
the chief justice. The remarks in question were afterwards sent to tho board,
and as thoy completely upset the decision of the board in this case we reproduce thom:
A Fair Definition.
"I am not sure whether in the seeond
part of it (tho definition section) the
language is not too wide. 'A fortuitous event occasioned by a physical or
natural cause.' What I meant to cover
by that is a case like this: A man is
working on a scaffold, and is struck by
lightning; or a man engaged in doing
his work is frostbitten. I want to
mako it quite clear that those are mat-
assistance to the B. C. Federation as to any
other federation in the Dominion.
Reciprocating your kind wishes, 1 am,
Yours   fraternally,
I\   H.   DRAPER,
New Affiliations Since Laet Convention.
No. of MAnbera.
Fish  Packer?,  Prince Ruperl	
Retail Clerks, Prince Rupert	
Steam Enginoers, Prince Ruperl	
Structural Iron Workers, Vancouver....
Steam  Engineers, Vancouver	
International Association of Machinists, New Westminster	
Trades and Lsbor Council, Trail.._....
Civic Employees, Vancouver	
Local 1848, U.B. Carpenters, Vietoria
Pulp and Sulphite Paper Mill Workers, Powell Rivor	
Brotherhood Railway Carmen, Vnncou-
The   above   organizations   affiliated
prior to Doc. 31,   1917.
The following have affiliated  tiinco
Jan. 1, 1918, to .Inn. 21,  1918:
Teamsters ond Chauffeurs,  Vancouver 800
Cooks and Waiters,  Vnncouvor..
Wood, Who and Metal Lathers,
Warehousemen's Association,  Van
Trades Council,  Nelson	
Boilermakers,  Vancouver	
Shipwright* and Caulkers. Vnncouver 460
It will Lie noted that  while tho per
capita tux recoipts tire
tux recoipts are more thnn for
the year 10Hi, that tho revenue nf tho
Committee Assists Workmen
Daring the earlier part of tho year
the members of the committeo spent a
I good doal of time explaining the pro-
' visions of the act; assisting workmon
in filling in thoir claims, and generally
endeavoring to allay criticism of  the
hoard that bnd, in sonic cases, no foundation other than ignorance or political
prejudice. ' On February 13, 1917, the
chairman of tho committee wrote the
socretary of  tho  Compensntion  Board
making a number of suggestions for thc
improvement of the administration, concluding the letter as follows:
"lit conclusion, may I say  thut as
chairman of a spccinl committee of the
Federation of Labor appointed for the
purpose of watching the interests of thc
I workmen in connection with tho admin-
j istration and proposed amendments to
j tho Workmen's Corn pon sat ion Act, that
j my colleagues and myself arc desirous
I ot-  nssisting tho board in  every way
j possiblo to make tho net a success, and
jit is from this standpoint* that tho fore-
j going is written.   If we can bo of any
assistance, either in a conforonco or in
any other way, a letter or message will
bo sufficient."
To this letter no reply waa received.
Complaints Numerous
Although n great   many complaints'
were received by the committeo about
.. ,    , delayed   payments,  bad   medical    aid
able extent, and the numbor on this j flChemes nnd othor matters, the commit-
year's roU will be considerable higher, Uee took the position that tho beard
mid the. figures given above nre based * BnouW bp given p]ont„ of lihie to gei
on their first payment of per capita. j proporly organised, and although
The estimated membership, based on I njmoro'„8 letters were written, an inter-
the returns to hand, will be well over | vicw wa8 not had until (Tuno 19 when
the ten thousand murk. This is duo to (tho queBtj0Ils 0f delayed payments, bad
increased membership ol the affiliated j racdical aid schemes being approved by
locals, and the now affiliations. While Ufa bonrd, failure of the board to pro-
tho activities ot the Federation during' ide for ardent prevention, objection
the past year have been possibly greater of fiBhtng and cnimjng compunies to in-
than in any year since its orgnnization,. clt](1(, 8(lUorg and fi„hermPI1 were also
the Executive havo Uad^at all tihios to takon up. On this occasion tho
ho very economical, and the fact, that i board suggested that the provi-
we are only in arrow to the extent of a , rions   of   the   lu,t   *fcM   entirely   too
and while admitting that these cases
are difficult to handle, it is felt that
too much attention iB paid to. the decision of medical practitioners, instead
of the circumstantial evidence and actual facts surrounding the accidont.
A War Measure]
The committee is of the opinion that
the minimum payment should be substantially increased, and that tho government should follow the example of
tho British Government, and, as a war
measure, increase the grants under thc
act 25 per cent, during tho duration of
the war, or until the cost of living
again becomes normal.
Recommendations have been received
by tho committeo with a view to the inclusion of the musicians employed in
thoatres and moving picture houses, it
being contended that this class aro subject to the samo hazards as moving picture operators and stage hands who arc
covered by the aet.
Basically Sound.
' The operation of the act has been
closely watchod during the year, and
the committee is satisfied that no serious basic difficulties have been found
in tho original act, although it is'known
that amendments wore prepared by tho
government prior to tho last session on
the recommendation of the board,
though thoso most interested in the act
wore not consulted.
Attitude of Board,
The board has shown a willingness to
discuss such mattors as the committee
has brought before it, but apparently
considers the committee unnecessary,
and appointed only for the purposo of
l. :--   ii  !-   -\..   _j~i_:-i—u—   -a
ters for which he is entitled to compen- j harrasVing it in the administration of
•„*!«- 4...t ._ v -- -.* Amn tni— —„»   the act, latterly requiring a statement
in writing of each caso to be dcBcuBsed,
and attempting to settle the eases beforo a hearing could be had by thc
committee. Certainly there has not
been any attempt on tho part of the
board to tako advantaget of our offer
of co-operation, as set oat already in
this report.
Political Camouflage.
The board has repeatedly drawn at
sation just as much as if the injury was
caused by being struck by something in
the course of his work. I shall be glad
to have any suggestions with regard to
tho language I used to convey the
The Board Reconsiders.
From the romarks of Sir William it
will be seen that he decision of the
board was at variance with his intention whon the matter was under consideration, and the board has, we understand, since reconsidered its decision
and paid this man the amoant to which
[ he was rightfully entitled under the act.
A numbor of other cases were discussed with the board, whon it was
found that new settlements had been
made at he Vancouver hoaring already
referred to. The committeo discussed
the medical aid schemes whieh had been
approved by the board, and the chairman stated that he policy of the board
was to abolish the private schemes as
rapidly as possible.
Include More Industrial Diseases'.
The extension of tho list of industrial diseases was nlso urged upon the
board, it being pointed out that n number of diseases common to industry in
this provinco wore not covorod in the
schedule, but that he board had power
to include them.
Slow on Accident /Prevention.
The committee expressed keen disappointment that the board had not dono
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, G. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F. A. Welsh; Becrotary and business agent,
V. R. Midgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J, F. Foole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. R. Trottor, A. J, Crawford, F.
A, Hoover.
Meets second Monday in the month. President,  Geo, Bartley; aeoretary, R. H. Nan*
lands,  P.O. Boa tie.
first Sunday of eaoh montb, Labor Temple,
Presidunt, Jobi Martin, Inanelal seortUry,
J. Smith, 610 Holdon Bldg., Box 434, Phone
Sey. 2572; recording secretary, Wm, Uottl-
ahaw, P.O. Box 424, VancottW, B. C.
tional Union of America, Loul No, ISO-
Meets second and fourth Tu#days ta tie
month, Room 206, Labor Tomple. President,
L. E. Horritt; secretary, S. H. Orant, 1071
Alberni street.
Meets second and fourth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 307. President, Chas. F, Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
58; financial secretary, W, J. Plpos.
No. 617—Meets every second aud foarth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
Prosldent, R. W. Hat ley; financial secrotary,
O. Thom; recording secretary, G, H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Templo. Phone Soy. 7496.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets firat nnd third
Wednesdays of eaeh month, Room 302, Lnbor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F, Graham; secretnry. A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenuo west.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—MeeU
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, A, Camp-
boll, 220 Socond street; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe street; business
agent, J. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
Operating Engineers, Local No, 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; vlce-prealdent, P, Chapman; seeretary-treasuror, W.
A.   Alexander,   Room   216,   Labor   Templt.
Phone Bey. 7498. ; ^	
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday. 7 p.m., at
487 Gore avenne.   Russell Keariey, bnsinest
—Meets In Room 205, Labor Tomple,
evory Monday, 6 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; rocordlng
secretary, John Murdock, Lnbor Temple;
I financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
tent-ion  to  the  "loosely  drawn"  pro- | Morrison, Room 207 Lsbor Temple.
virions of thft aot  but the committoe is ! fNTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S iS-
visions ot tne aer, out rae comraiuce in j    aoctat|0|li Locai,a852-.^fflce ind htH( g0i
of the opinion that this is duo partly ■■ Pender street east.    Meets overy Thureday,
aZSa'tTon'0 " ^"'^ '" 'nVW ""* ' ___«___»___________ ^!i
TKa  tfcnnlr. nf  thn  fnlnmiltr-T. I.  PI-!1*   L*   A**    LOCAL   38*82.    AUXILIARY—
The thnnks of the committer Is pi        (M.rin.    W.r.hon.onwn     snd     Freight
tended to the Vancouver and \ ictorin | Hsndlers). Il«»dqnsrtori. me Howo ttriet.
Trades nnd Labor councils, and to Mr.; Meets  first snd  third  Wednesdsr,  8  p.m.
G. J. Kelly, of tho Vnncouver T.onR*   Secretary snd limine. »8ent, K. Winch.	
shoremen', Union, for assistance dur- t^_YSt-%SS^rV^.SSS
J,  Wallace;  rocordlng eccrAtnry, J.  Brooks;
financial socretary, J. fl. McVety, Room 211
] Labor Tomplo.   Seymour 7495.
ing tho yoar.
Fraternally submitted,
I*. B. C-arponlort-i, Port Coquitlam..
U, B, Carpentera, Local fil7, Vancouver 	
A. S. U. B, OarponterH, Vnncouvor	
International Longshoremen Auxiliary,
Bricklayers International Union*, Nelson 	
Many   of  the   locnls   thnt
prior to Dec. 31st, 1017, hnve since in
creased thoir membership to a consider
little over $200, in n fact thnt wo can
congratulate ourselves upon, and with
the support that is now coming to the
Federation, I trust that the lean years
aro for the timo being over. Tho prospects ot the time that this roport was
anything towards accident prevention
along tho lines laid down in sections
51 to 55 inclusive. In these scetions
tho bonrd is given very wide powers.
I     Butchers'   union,   No.   643—Meets   every
■ Tuesday evening, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.. Pre-
■ sident, B. W, Lane; recording secretary, E.
j Lofting; financial necretnry snd business
j agent, T. Anderson, Labor Temple.
I     America     (Vaneonver     and    vicinity)—
i.  ■■. Branch   meet*  up con d  nnd  fonrth   Mondaya,
„„,-,,    ti,,,'Room   204,   Labor Temple.    President,   Ray
As   your   trustees, representing   mo  MeDougall. 1928 Grant street: financial sec-
Foderation   on  the  honrd  of directors j rotary,    J.  Lyons,    IMS  Venables street;
of The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., we de-   nwifinw seeretary, E. Westmoreland   3247
.      .      __     It    _I ii _■„    „„„«■(. .Point Grey road.    Phono Bayvlew 2979L.
sire to offer   ^ 'oU°wing report BBqTHBRHObD bg PAINTERS,    iMAl,
In March last we attended  tho an-1    Nn   18g—MeeU second nnd fourth Tliurs-
nual shareholders' meoting, and, later,  dnyg  of each month,    Rnom  bos,    Labor
the directors meeting. Temple.   President, D, Hughes; vlce-presi-
mi .t.„».!™«™{.(iii tsnA fit*   (1(Mlt'   D-   Hughes    finnncfa-sec,    h.   Anion;
The accounts wero examined and the. ri,f0PrIin(I B00Hrctary, S. Gould, SUB Goorgii
■(root east.
expenditures approved,
Manager Pettipiece was re-appointed,' B^^i^rrrsst^i-MirT^r-r^Tr-.-.;—-*—
nnd wny, are provided for thn bonrd to land S«rotary.tre«»nrer McVety"wet re* j H¥_t\\ ffUffig SZ££ALVl_
secure the best practical knowledge of elected to that offlee. third Tuesdays, ana p.m.   President, Chaa
workmen and employers in the drafting _.       . . _   .„ ! ?•   Braeo,  1022  McLean  drive;  secretary-
1   - - -B| Financial Position IIr!""r"kLArchiS*ld ?• Q1(,n> tmlSSSk
of regulations for the operation of in
dustrial plants by the organization of
joint committees' consisting of representatives of both sides. Ia addition
to the powers given for tho framing of
regulations, Section 52, Sub-section 2,
gives the board power to provide penal-
ios for failure to carry out the regu-
... I street.    Phono Soy. 6848R.
Thc financial position of the paper is flHlPYARD Laborers'"""DNiON;~Nb7"i586
in much better condition than a yoar      —Meets second and fourth Fridays of eaeh
,, ,,,       I month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.    President, 0.
the auditors | {foams; rorordintr secretary; w  HhfHw  ask
ago, and the report   of
j SjJJJJI^ »wf jr*\ne J«»t-i'ryT*W * HardjT'dJi
shows that at ,the end of 1017 the com-' TwnntfthW "strMt"w«T' North  Vsncouver"
pany, in tho J8 months prior to that i _"*nj'f1 '""tnry, 8. Phelps, '
date, had made a proflt of ifc2,4H.fiO.
i fi tk        Ai        'a        *«•-    i    The date for the annual   audit   has LmL' fi"8^?"10* No' L01^""*"
lotions.   The section roads as follows; jbeon changed from June t_ j^^ in  ffiJW* ^gjj"* -fo^- *«*»i
Penalties for Infractions. '      ,J""*      " "*
"Tho board' may, hy regulations, provide penalties, to which every person
who contravenes any rule or regulation
written arc moro than promising, and I! cnjjj
ca       * " '     '
liberal in the payments to non-resident nlien dependents, and explained a
scheme whereby the dependents would
bo paid a lump sum nnd the balanco of j
the ni              "'     "   '       *
an safely predict a greater income for I t    wn famiijcs Wnerd the maximum i   . - ,_.   - ,    .    *     ,
year 1018 by at least 50, possibly j ^wnnce Tocomed insufficient   Our | F^L^S^TKll &UoTJZ
100 per cent     This will give the Ex- committee promised consideration when ' inB *?/*><* ot PWW fl «$•"• *°
ecut.ve some littlo scone to branch out, more   Stalls  were  supplied.   An  ac.  operate defective.machinery.   Thacom.
and to undertake work that should be rount of thifi interview appeared in tho   m.,,tPf! a Baf»« very strongly w.th this
done in the shape of organnation, otc. reductionist of Jjuc 22  and the com- ! ™v'> poniting out that regulations can
Organization mittee* received n letter from tho board j ^ d'™ ™kin» any offence ngainst
With the >Sl  as it has fxpressbgUhanks for the fnir manner I >■» relations, a con tinning.,one, for
1 in which it was reported.
bepn,  naturally
^^^^ v tfnrtu   un   theao    "      '"t"'  j posed a ^frequently ns n contravention
Federntinn in 1917 wns less than in I lines have been  reslrleted.    Circular Frost Bite Not Covered j o ftbc regulation occurred.   This view
1910.   This is due to the fnct that this   ,„,,.     h       > , ,    ,     , . |     Following the interview, the commit* j hns since been substantiated by a num*
year wo received no flnnncial nssistnncc   zllti„na.   ottors hnve been  v ritten  to i tee continubt] to tnke up cases with the   ber   of  lawyers   whose   interpretation
from thc Trades Congress.   The fellow.   ,',„, Internationa   officers nf some of  b'""'d b*>* """espondence, the mn.ior por*! wns sought, nnd tho committeo feel thnt
jeaoh jrearTtiuu giving the eonvenlion! f"Wm*. fe 8. QmiuuTi rranrdin^'tie'.-
the up*to*date.po,ition of the paper. j »„.•*«£ ffi*'a__L^!_^____
Editorial 'iM^'Urn'.'.'"- t"'-*.- R"""' 2*09 OUrk
Tho usual high stnndnrd ns regards JOURNOTMEN TAILORS1—UKTOH OF
mnde under this part shall be liable, editorials has been maintained, and ,J?°ff,'_ u,Ml K»* »s—Moetln«e held
provided that in no case shall the pen* workilM8 conditions 8nd blem„ EX, T'tf'S.tSnhy7"tVL,l\_n<*t
ally exceed mty dolnrs, and no prose* jtavo been han(Jlcd in „,,„;,„ thnt Unen; rsjordln, ■.m.t.w w. w tii
eution for any such ennlravention shall .CMnot bc „„, in other Lsbor |« »g|* «»««t»l ■««!«),, T. Wood. P.O.
bo   ins,luted without   leave   of   the pap6r on the continent.   Ifhaa consist-' mmbal   rattimiSir-i^	
A Weak Explanation. against any nnd all injustices, and we WMnesdir « « p.m.    President,   w'$
The  chairmnn  attempts  to  explain:feel thnt the papor must have a good  ___U________i LT- Z'?>:   «•*
the delay in carrying out the safety !dfJ"' ■*»' ■» ">" ^ucntional sido ESnSte^^TWB!
'   , '",...,.,   '   of the working-class movement. ,»n street, Phens Sey. 5C79. 6tt*_   ___*■__ •
provisions by reason of the ineffective-1    At fche iMt8C0nvcntien wo were   ,H. -»», Ubor Tsmple. omM' Rot,»
tt 1
~- -zr-—   ------     —  --„--. .-   - .      -     .- sfcrptsrytrpssnrM,
The Fedorationist  becoming  the  sole j B* "• «•««■-«■ P.O. Bor se,
property of tho Foderation.
A meoting was arranged with the executive of Vancouver Trades nnd Labor
Council and the executive of tho Federation, when the matter was fully dis-; B-  0. PRDERation OP labor—MEETS
cussed.    The executive of tho Council I., in "niia! eonvyntion in January.    Even-
which an additional flue could be im* l}0°k   5*   "W '!"" .V^ ^ "* 'B" "S^»W ^l.«D'*
"I"*" n Icnnnnnnti... -i «-««"«,"«*!"« i^^ Council, having the part  owt\"v-   coilvot:   Jm.   H.   MeVety,  V   R.   Mldgley,
paia a tump sum ana mc imuinco w r .    .  - - . ,, T.   .   (    **u v«« ««,„ vu».u..v*v» t,v  ..v»v    ■.. .	
amount thnt would ordinarily bo set 1 "f"8 ™ .__ f"ce0,"e Bc<!'10"'    „ _ structcd to see if   any arrangements TSTPOORAPHIOAL   UNION,     NO.   M«-
le to meet deferred payment, in ex*   s,1*f.e<l "»* «"1 »n'>*  'm^«n that cou,d be made with vincouver Trades ■ J?"VcVld.M "ty fl  It.ST1' '.
. of thc amounts allied in the net | cojllb» dra^" b**-tbe >J>jrd would be and Labor Counoil with th     b*   t   f »»jd„^ Tit.Lslli stj«KX.«w
[ one that would' permit of lining nn em*
out  of  delayed I such an explanation ns that; offered by
ing   letters   exchanged with   Congress] u,0  organizations   not  affiliated    with ■ ,iotl  nf tUoin  nri,,1nff  —-,   ■-   * — i .    • .•
will give tho information as tn what ujj0 vjc« nf ffottlnir'them affiliated   The  payments, many of whieh were taken   tho chairman of thc hoard, himself, a
action has been taken in this matter.    | replies have been all favorable to tlio I CIiro nf "8 n r08ult of tnc t,ffor,s ot' the i !*wywi is nn_ extremely poor excuse for
committee,   Of the noses taken up, onc
in particular is worthy of mention.   V.
M. Draper,
February 10, 19IT
urer   Dominion   Tm*
j replies hnve been all favorable to tho
• locnl unions affiliating with the I'Vdern-
J tion, nnd fhe result of the work in this
: connection, in which I have boon ably
! assisted by all members nf the Bxecu*
D cnr fir nnd Hint lie r: I urai hietructed
ni tlio last convontion, tu-ld In RevclBtoko
from January -'■> ■•■ F.-limnry 1, to tiring Hi*'
following matters to ttu* attention of your
ExcClltlVO, nnd lo n.k thnt thoy l-ik" Muni'
m.iil.rs  ii|»  with   th"  imiji.T  Aiitlinritlrr**:
Ho 1<| i co ntiii Their Depend en ta—To nsk
timt die jiri-sont sjralem ni  leaving Boldlora
nnd their (Ii |>endeilt« to tho ran< Of ilmril)-
Ijp discontinued; proper provision io be mnde
for Ihrm bv Ihe Dominion Government from
getiernl revenue nf the country,
In r on nee i ion with thin matter, the HyHtem
of iirsntical compulsion of employeea to contribute to the I'ntn.ilie snd Red t'ro.-s funds
wan condemned,
Pension System—That the Dominion Government be requested to mnke provision for
sn adequate pennlon nystem, ho os to provide
adequate funds for the inaintenHnce of
widows and families left unprovided! for. 1
wa snlwo instructed to Inform yen that tho
following resolution wan panned:
That thin convention paan a vote of non-
confidence in the Dominion Government, on
the Kruundn that the organised Labor movement has been opposed to conncription, nnd
that the Dominion Governmont did intililiitc
a renintratlon scheme, without Premier Hor-
den giving nny satisfactory nnsiirancen tbnt
said plan wan not a prelude to conscript ion.
Pi nonce—The Bxocutlvp hnvo also instruct*
ed me to nuk the Congress for home further
flnanclal nsntstance, nnd for thc following
First:    While wi* hnve Rot th'
Compensntion  Act  on the Htntu
Mill   hnve n tljthl on our hnndn.    The -Casualty Companion   nre   todny currying   on   nn
nollyo campaign for the compnuien to operate
i under tlw act, nnd from what wo hnve seen
wilt %inf   hn   nnnnmnlinhnd      Thia   enn   tlic "»ltt(,r ih n"t .v<'t by any moons settled,
will not  po   accompi snoa.     mis  can (|m(1 m sh|l|1 |)(m. . H ||( fo|. Mmfl camh]w_
only be achieved by tho charge for tho j AMc   time   to   prevent   thta   ootfrso   being
papor boing made through por capita,! ndoplod,
or by the Fedoration °^ning_t!'0nI?aPor | fon that whilo the Podei
tivo in their respective districts,
bo nppnrent to the delegates to
The work nf this office in  tlie yenr
1017 lias been  of considerable  magnitude.   At limes it lutfi nliitpsi seemed
F.,'Claim Nn. 688*0, arising in the ter
ritnry of Vice-president Yutes,
cuse where the claimant hnd bee
to  thaw out  somo pipes and  hi
Bool  frnznit   The board  estimated
nllowiince- nnd cut the payment in half,
the chairman giving us a roason thnt
the mnn was suffering from a systemie
disonso, nnd Ihnt his recovery hnd been
,unt *u .„ -. i i a 'ai. i retarded in consequence. The commit-
that thero was no end to i . and with-: tnA „m*„b,„j *l„ iMi:iM nt n.n unn»A
,...* *nn -. : *__ ' il i l i toe protested the decision ot the bourd,
out tho assistance thn hrw been ron- „.!,:'•, „.„«„„„„»:„„n.. *„ *t,„ „ir««* *\,«l
j-„, .    .      .     ,,           .         .. .,     which wns practically to the effect that
t™„t LV, Jl, '""J, * °r ke""> only workmen entitled to full com*
^"""'.^ffii?^^5^ u!lSi„0.ffl00,™ °„i?v LponBatloti.jfor injury were those who
were in perfect physical condition at
tho time of their ih'jtfry. To allege that
tho recovery of a man suffering-frota
frozen foot waa in any way retarded
by diabetes appeared to the committee
to be ridiculojs, and the board was nsked for a declaration thnt the goneral
health of the workmen would affect the
payment   of    tho   compensation.   Tho
ship of the paper, wns. in the be.*t in-1 }?!_*_* Temple, Vietoria': j,' Tiiyloi^"*B«
teres., of ll me,/** the — fc^Lttf f!¥l«
pnrt ot the ndvertiBing was secured in • «on, Doi 694. X«w Waitnlmlor: W. Yaui.
Vancouver, and the merchants wero 90* London atreet. Kontenay District: A.
well aware of tlie eiistenee of the Coun- i to, .w% AlS?™T$*7« mCSw" ""' Vtl-
ell, and consequently to that extent the ; &U^"t',.«S a S."w.ll, Boa"uat
infiuencc of    the Council  wns  instru* | Vl'torli, B. 0.
' 'mental in tho management, securing nd*
t Ivertiulni. tnnttni*.
twelve months' delay'ii. carrying out [7o"rttsinff"matt^-: "" " "" I viutqria   T!S?!h^'"*'.t     -	
the provision, of he act.                           The Council   executive were al,o of j'SSiSllt, ^5" „_*_]«  ■JtfgS."
Twolve months have pnssed, however,' ■ •  •       ■    ■    .-'j--.   .-I'tXZ: .":.. n/?I. *5.a   ""M   widniu-
The Executive are  ot  the opltl*
"'   *"*   T- It. 1       »„    (.C   nMltmlnm   I   '""   "IBU   W'.'b'   till'    ['< ■ :\" 1 UI i'l II    CftrHC8   OU t   I tl 0
nnd fixing th© olmrgos to tho affiliated ; worh thnt would Inw- in be done hy Con-
mcmborsllip  in   SUCh  a   manner  ns   will ( uresn,   and  is done   by the  provincial execn-
meot with a ready response by the affi-; iiyt''   " P»»ln«ss whoro then- nre no fed-
ii l i     „ m\ mm* eratloni, and ni wo nn- of tlio opinion thnt
bated moinbors. ) t]„. foderatlona whoro In existonce carry out
■ Hiww><nt   ftonvetltlon ! ,his   work   mMC   effectively,   and   nlso   do   a
special uonvenuon. KPPI|t dcft| fl/  ntiUflftUoi1lli' W0Pk( t)lfll som
Following OUt, tho  instructions given j itnanciol   n^iNtutin.'   commeiiHurnto   with   the
st the special e.oavonti„n,_held (jXrto|>*Q %B!ffl i^lffl 'Se&
various nffiliated bodjos, the work
would hnve been more thnn I c.o.ild
Imvo grappled with. With referendum
votes, a special convention, the political campaign, and the thousand nnd one
things thnt have been dono in the past
yoar, I fool that I can sny that nt least
I have tried to moot thc situation.
I appreciate the support rendered
by tho members of the Executive, and
by the officers of the nffilinted organizations, whoso aid and ndvioo hns on all
occasions been so freely tendered, and
which has mnde it n pleasure to carry
. un the work in the intorests nf organ!-
... . , | sod labor, and which I trust will'meet I ca-soVhad"'a^
Book wo -Mi? thfl nPProvnl nf ^ convention. . My^ _or nn interview with thc bonrd,
Respectfully submitted, l,lIt it |md( in tbie meantime, made some
A. S. UDELLS,        ' rule that the subjects or complnints to
Secrotnry-Treasurer. I be rnised hnd first to bo submitted in
  writing. This wns complied with, a list
POLITICAL CAMPAIGN FINANCIAL       nf the complaints being supplied  the
STATEMENT ( bonrd.   Quito   by accident  the chair-
'Receipts I mnn  of thfi  committee  called  nt the
Teatiulori k Chauffeura, Vnncouver... $ 25.00 , Vnncouver office of tho bonrd when tho
SlhKr.S%„^r:"..::::::::::   W**» member, were holding . sitting
Looal 1S4H V. I), of Carp., Vlctoris..   25,00   botwooti the date of supplying the dont 2051 A.S.U.ll, of Carp., Vie... ioo.no   tnils of Ihe complaints nnd the date of
the conforonco, and found thnt nil of
board, however, declined to mako any
such statement, but refused to pay full
Committee Interviews Board
In tho meantime a number of other
Pay, the fallowing report of the con-1 ft"^ j,llir nimtlbn to the wnonni iponl j Machines'
vention WSJ SOnt tt all locals and CO!' , by CoRgrckK in Ontario for the Cnntpeniintloit ; Hoilermakers'   Union, Victoria
U, B, Carponters. Trail..
Trades nnd Lnbor Coiinoll. Vanoouvo
LongnhoromeK'a Aaaoc., Victoria	
Bro, uf Railway Carmen, Victoria....
Trades nnd Labor C unci], Victoria..
Stenm A Op. KnuineerK. Vancouver..
 Union, Victoria .
carry out the extensive provisions made ,    *m^ (*ni8
to reduce nccidents. Unless this work
is started at mice the mntter should be
taken up with tho government, and an
effort made to bring pressure on the
board, or else amend the act removing
the discrctiontiry powers given under
the sections.
Questions of Delay.
Generally speaking, as the workmen
and tho board have become better acquainted with the requirements of the
act, and particularly where the papers
In connection with claims have been
flled out by secretaries of anions, the
complaints against delayed payments
havo been gradually reduced, although
there is still too much delay in the
initial payments of claims, and where
the disability is only temporary tho
payments should bo made semi-monthly.
This may bo further remedied by tho
removal of the main offlcos of the bonrd
to tho larger indjstrial center of tho
provinco, a courso that should have
boon followed in the first instance.
Cover Contagious Diseases.
Provision should bev mado for payment of compensntion to mon who contract contagious diseases such as smallpox, in connection with thoir employment, this boing drawn to tho attention
of thc committeo through the plight of
a numbor of members of the Longshoremen's union, who contrnctod smallpox
in the handling of cargo from Asiatic
Narrow Decisions.
conferen..!, ..,,<■ ..,,...« «....v - ,
too.oo I tho Vnncouver peoplo on whose behalf | P0™8,
6.00 complnints had boon mndo to the com
fiO'gO mittOO, hnd boen called to meet the Tho decisions of tho board in con-
loo oo board, whore their eases were givon nn- noction with hornia eases are, fat the
2;V00 i other   hearing.   Of   this  mooting the I opinion of the committee, very narrow.
viow we nre bound to bo
somowhnt in agreement, nnd ftwstdor
thnt owing to the fact that it has been
decidod to submit a referendum on th'e
question of raising tho per capita tax,
in ordor that all members of the Federation shall receive the paper, we
recommend that this matter be laid on
the table at least until the next convention, when, if necessary, tho matter can
again be taken up, after the result of
the referendum is known.
To Federationist       ^
Please romemfter tbat do lotter
acknowledgment of lubacrlp-
tfona or renewals *ve made.
The addrens ltbe. on yoar
paper carries the date to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, the correct ohange In
roar lnbo' dato la not made,
notify ua st once. When you
bave a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
aund It to tbis ofllce—not to
tho othor follow. Thus yon
will get matters Adjusted, tnd
we'll all bo happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Templo, t
Vaneonver, B. 0.
Browery Workmon, Local No, 8B0—Mo«t«
al K. cf P. Im.11, North Pork atreet, od
th.. (fecund aud fourth Thursdaya of eaoh
month, Presidont, K. Orr; secretar*. W,
E. Bryan, 2842 Boott street. Victoria, B. 0.
WEff^Wr8T.tirN8T.EB, B. IT
of America, Local 784, New Westminster.
Meeta second Hundny of eaoh month at  1:30
p.m.    aeeretary, if, W. JjhU'aon, Box 196.
Conncil—Meets aecond and fourth Tuesdays of each month, ln Carpenters' hall.
Presidont, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. B.
Thompson, Box 373,  Prlnee Ruport, B. 0.   '
LOCAL UNION, NO. 873, U. M. W. of A.—
Meots second and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.tn., Richards Hall. President, Walter Hoad; vioe-presldont, Andrew'
Parker; recording secrotary, James Bateman;
flnanolal eecrotary, W. Maedonald; treaaurer, J. H. Richardson.
TRAIL. B.  0.
! Joiners, Looal No, 285—Meets in-Miners'
I Hall, every Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. President, H. Boll; socretary, Fred CanntU, F. O.
I Drawer S., Trail, B. 0.
•Ale |
AND   '
.     __.    ii •eUB
■SSS^ OrAMEnirA  r<Qxr
...VfO PB»AY. February 1, 1918
For Quality
Sliced Streak, Bacon, per lb.
at 36c and 40c
Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb    36c
Sliced Belfast Ham, lb    40c
Sliced Back Bacon, lb    <tOc
Slater's Tea, lb    30c
Slater's Coffee, lb      26c
Finest Quality Lard, 2 lbs...   66c
131 Hastlngi Bt East   Bey. 3263
830 Oranrille St.     Bar- 666
3211 Main Street,    fair. 1663
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
HM HaulMm
(Bet. Hastings and Cordora Its.)
Should b« in the home of
■>       every man-
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
Refined Service
One Block weet of Court House.
Uso of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymou 2426
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete In every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
41 Hastings Stntt W«t
A. McKay Jordan
Anther  et   "Aetiiia  Optical
-    Diagnostician   and
Optical Expert
Cen.nltatlos  by appointment  only
830 Birks Bldg.   Sey. 4666
Hen'8 Hatters and Outfitters
610 OranUs Street
ete Human Stmt West
Opposite Labor Ttmplt
—Headquarter*  for Lalior Men—
Rates—76o and $1.00 per Any.
92.60 per weefc  and  op.
Gift at EfiaioniDia Bates
• '
Mads irer
IN,before the
name ^oesON/
\-r- that's a k
Constitution oi the British Columbia
Federation of Labor
The British Columbia Federation of Labor is organized for tho purpose of
voicing tho needs and aspirations of Labor, legislatively and otherwise, and to
provide a place for worthy members of its afflliated anions to participate in the
discussion of thoso practical probloms, upon the solution of which depends their
welfare as workors, individually and collectively.
With the introduction of thc modern machinery of production and tho harnessing of the forceB of naturo, it *is only fitting that the wealth producers should
participate in tho bonoits derived.
Wo, therefore, pledge ourselves to unceasingly demand a universal workday
of eight hours or less) so long as labor power ia sold as a commodity.
Wo bolieve thore is more officacy in electing working-class representatives to
writo tho law than by supplicatory methods, and our offorts will be more in that
direction in the future.
We are firmly convinced that tho future belongs to tho only useful poople in
human society—tho working-class.
The delegato members hereof do constitute and adopt the following rules for
tho governmont of tho Federation:
Article 1.—Name
Soction 1.4-This body shall be known as "Tho British Columbia Fodoration
of Labor."
How Composed
Section 2.—Any Trados or Federal Labor Union or any Central Body, Diatrict
Board, Bnilding Trades Councjl, Allied Trades Council and similar bodios existing in the Province of British Columbia shall be entitlod to membership in the
Federation npon the approval of the Executive Board.
,    Representation
Section 3.—Each organization affiliated with the Federation shall be entitled
to representation on tho following basis:
Each labor union shall be entitled to ono dologate for the first hundred members or loss, and one delegate for each additional hundred members or mnjor
fraction thereof. ,
Central Labor Bodies, District Boards, Building Trados Councils, Allied Councils and similar bodies shall bc entitled to two dolegates each.   Delegates from
Central Bodies must be memben of Unions affiliated with tba Federation.
*  No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall rceoivo thoir credentials f«om their local unions in duplicate
and send ono copy to the Secrotary of tho Federation at Jeast two wookB previous
to tho date of tho convontion and deliver the othor to the Committee on
No credential shall be considered valid bearing more than name of delegate
and alternate. Provided tbat if alternative presents credentials ond is sontcd hs
shall be the only recognized representative throughout the sessions of the convention.
'    Article II
Section 1.—Any Union or Central Body that has not been previously affiliated
may become affiliated by paying six months' dues for the term thoy make application.
Sec. 2.—Any organization not paying its per capita tax on or before the 15th
day of the second month of eaeh torm shall bo notified of the fact by tho Secretnry. In case of no rcsponso, notice shall be sent to tho nearest officer of the
Federation or to tho Centrnl Body in that locality. If, at tho end of six months,
it is still in arrears it shall be suspended from membership if valid reasons are
not shown why the dues have not been paid, tho Executivo Board to bo the judge.
Sec. 3.—Any Contral Body or Union that becomes suspended from membership
for non-payment of per capita tax may be reinstated by payment of arerars not
to exceed onc vear,
Article III
This organization shall meet in annual convention in such place as the convention may determine.   Tho timo of the mooting to be decided by the Executive.
Article IV—Delegates
Tho Secretary shall prepare « preliminary lint of delegatea where no contest I
is filed from duplicates in his possession, and such dolegates so returned shall
linve power to transact business until tho report of thc Credentials Committee
is received and adoptod.
Article V—Presiding Officer
At.the opening of tho convention, the President of the Federation shall tuks
tho chair and preside at the acBsions of tho convontion.
Article VI—Committees
The following committees, to consist of not less than five members shnll be
nppointed by the Executivo Board: ".Credentials," "Constitution, Rules end
Order of Business," "Officers' Reports," Resolutions," "A.idit and Grievances" and "Ways and Moans."
Article VII—Officers—Term—How Elected
The officers of this Foderation shall consist of a President, eight Vice-Presidents, and Secretary-Treasurer. Theso officers shall constitute the Executive
Committee. Tho term of the offices of this organization shall bc for one year,
or until thoir successors are inotallcd in offlce, and their duties shnll begin on
the day of election—elections to be held nt ench annual convention. The Vice-
Presidents shall be elected in the following manner: Two to bo elected from
Vnncouvor Ialand, two from Vancouver City, one from New Westminster, one
from Prince Rupert, and two from the Interior. Any amendment to thia nrtiele
shall not bn subject to a referendum of the membership at large.
Article vm—Books and Aocounts
All hooks and financial accounts shall at all times bc open to the inspection
of the President and Executive Committee.
Article _t—Ex-Officers
Section 1.—It shsll bo the duty of tho Presidont to preside at all general conventions; to exorcise, supervision in the Federation .throughout its jurisdiction;
to sign all official documents; to travel with tho consent of the Executive Board
wherever required in thc interests of the Federation; to submit to tho Secretary
at the end of] oach month au itemized aeeount of all moneys, travelling and in*
eid-ental, expended by him in tho interests of tho Federation; and he Bhall roport
his acts and doings at tho Annual Convontion. The Presidont, if not a delegate,
shall have a casting vote in caso of a tie, but shall not voto at other times. He
shall receive for his services $5 per day for the timo actually devoted to the
Federation, and his actual expenses while so employed.
In case of his offlce becoming vacant tho Executive shall elect one of ita members as his successor. He shall bc chairman of all the meetings of the Executivo
and Legislative Committee, having powor to convene in special session in case
of omergency, or when requested to do so on a written request of a majority of
its members. Ho shall have n voico in tho deliberations of tho Committee, but
nn voto except in case of a tlo.
Article X—Duties of Officers—President
Section 1.—Tho President and Socrctary-Treasuror shall bn members of the
succeeding convention in case thoy are not delegates, but without vote, n nd shall
not bo eligible for reelection unless they nro delogatos, and if such officers are
not delegates their expenses to convention shall be borne by this Fedoration.
Section 2.—The Secretary-Treasurer shnll keep a correct record of Uie proieod*
ings of tho convention, and on its closing propnro nnd havo printed a report
whieh shall contnin a record of the business transacted. Ho shall collect and
receive all moneys due nnd payable to thc Federation, giving his ollicinl receipt
fn- same, and depositing nil moneys in sonic chartered bank in the nniue of tho
British Columbia Foderation of I.nbor. He shnll arrange with the bank to have
ti certified stiiwiuoot of the Federation's account forwarded to the Presidont at
intervals not exceeding one month. He shnll prepare und submit an annual
report showing receipts and expenses and dolivor hia books, accounts, receipts,
otc, to the Committee on Audit nt ench annual convention.
Ho shall, together with thc President, sign all cheques authorized by the
Executive; ami conduct tho correspondence pertaining to his office. Ho shall
be the custodian of tho documents aad other property of tho Federation. Ho
shall notify all affiliated bodies not less than thirty~days before date of annual
convention. He shall, upou vacating his office, deliver to the Fedoration all
moneys, books, papers or other property in his possession and belonging to the
Fedoration. He shall receivo for his services such remuneration as tho annual
convention muy dcotdo upon.
Article XI—Legislative Committee
It shall bo thc duty of the Executive and tha Legislative Committee to uct
for this Federation when the same is not in session. And that so far as its
moans will permit, it shall discharge the following duties: It shall put into
propor form all^inflnishcd bills approved by the Fedoration and procure discussion of all bills before inrious labor organizations of tho provinco. It shall see
that all legislative measures and resolutions approved by tho Provincinl fedoration aro prcacnted to each political provincial convention, hold within the
prownce, for npprovul or disapproval of such convention. And the notion of
such convention shall bo roported to the unions of tho province. The committoe
shall also o.nuRc to bo presented to each nominee of oach party, who, upon election, would havo a voto upon the pnssngo of any of tho bills approved by tho
Federation. Tho bills shall also be presented to tho nominees of the different
politicnl partioB for their approval or disapproval. Tho approval to bo signified
in every case by a promise, clenr nnd explicit, in writing, to support tho bills as
presented by ihe nominees.
Article XII—Revenue
The rovenuo of tho Federation shnll bo derived as follows: A per cupita tax
of two cents per member per month from all local unions; from Centrnl Bodies,
District Boards, Building Trados Councils, Alliod Trades Councils and similar
bodies, One Dollar por month. All moneys shall bo payable in advance to tho
Secretary of the Foderation in two hnlf-yoatly instalments duo and payable in
January and July of each yonr.
Article XIII—Remuneration
The remuneration for loss of lime by members of tho Executive Committee,
or spookors engaged by them, shall bo *5 pef day and actual oxponses.
Article XIV—Boles
The Exocutive Committee shall have powor to make rules to govern all matters
sot ia conflict witk this Constitution, aad a Majority shall constitute a quonw.
Article XV—Petition ud Referondum
The Executive Committee shall be required when petitioned by at leut seven
unions, to submit to a referendum vote any proposition dealing with the affairs
of the Provincial Federation.
Article XVI—Quorum
A convention quorum shall consist of fifty per cept. of thc accredited delegatea.
Article XVII
The Eiecutive Committeo shall have the power, by a majority vote, to suspend any officer or member of the committee for good cause shown. Provided,
they first shall givo auch officer or member due and proper notice and hearing,
and they shall, by resolution, provide the manner of auch hearing. The committee shall, immediately after Buch suspemron, report to the variow loeal
unions affiliated with the Federation all tho proceedings had in such hearing,
and shall submit to sucb locals for a referendum vote tho question whether the
oction of tho committoe shall bo sustained or not. If the vote sustains their
action, then Executive Committee shall declare the suspended officer's or member's seat vacant. If Bnid vote fails to sustain their actjon, then the officer or
member shall be entitled to bis seat. In case of vacancy on the committee by
tosignation, death or otherwise, the vacancy shall be flllod by a majority vote
of said committeo, and tho mombcr so appointed shall hold his sejU as provided
by the Constitution.
All resignations shall be handed to the Socretary, who shall notify the Preaident of same, and in ease of death* the local to which the; deceased officer belongs shnll notify the President of tho samo. The President, upon receiving
notice of the death or resignation of a member of the Executive Committee,
shall appoint a member to fill such vacancy, subject to the approval of the
Executivo Committee.
Article XVIII—Rules of Order
BobcrtB' RuleB of Ordor shall bo tho authority of this organization unleas
othorwiso providod for in this Constitution and Bylaws.
Amendments to thc Constitution shall bo first acted upon by the Federation
in convention assembled. All amendments adopted by the oonvention unless
otherwiso provided for, shall within thirty days bo referred to the membership
at large, and a majority of those voting shall be necessary to adoption, the
returns to be in tho hands of the Secretary within sixty days subsequent to
adjournment of the convention. All amendments adopted shall take effect from
date. .^  '
Order of Business
1. Call to Order.
2. Committee on Credentials.
3. Roll Call.
4. Appointments of Committees.
5. Communications.
Reports of Officers.
7. Introduction of Resolutions.
8. Roports of Committoes.
9. Unfinished Business. v
10. Election of Officers.
11. Place of Next Convention.
12. New Business and Good and Welfare*
Tha B. 0. Fedoration of Labor la still In need of funds to covor eapemea, both la connae-
tlou with the politieal campaign juit closed tnd also to prepare for by-electlona In B. 0. In
tha near future. For this reason Tba Federationlit has decided to re-open lta Campaign
Fund and appealtt to all the workers, who can, to "do their bit" by giring all ther ean towards this important fund. Cut out the above; fill in jour name and addreu tad lha
amount you are willing to contribute to the campaign tand of tbe B. 0. Federation at Ltbor
and forward with enclosure to B. Parm. Pettlplece, Labor Temple. Vaaconw, B. 0. Tfct
araovnta will ba acknowledged from week to week and forwarded to tht B. 0. f. at L
treatarer   to ba need in securing tho eleetion of Labor representation.
Previously siknowlsdgW .
...$LS.aS   W. Tates, Now Westminster...
Have You Read the Little
Booklet, Printed by
The Federationist?
It'a a cruckor-jack, aud should be read by every man and woman
interested in tho Lubor movem«nl.
written by the Grand Old Man of the Labor Movoment in British Columbia, Mr. E. T, KingBley, nnd compiled by B. P. Pettipiece, who has
for morp than 20 years been identified with thc organized labor movement of the province
In a clear-cut and concise stylo
this booklet goes thoroughly into
tba question of the economle position of capitalist soolety aad tho
position of the working classes ln
relation to it.
Tha troublesome phases of tho
relations botwaen tha capitalist
ond the worker ara dealt with la
a manner whieh solves in plain
and forceful logic many points oa
whloh tho worker of today la oftoa
' 'at sea'' whan meeting argt-
Packages of 100 copies or
more, 6 conti por copy (ear-
riage paid).
Single copies, or ln any number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
Tho Biggest Teu Cents'  Worth  of
Reading Ever Offered in Literature
Send along a dime for a copy today,    Try it out on your friends.
It's worth whilo,
The B. C. Federationist
Bnt thit will adviie yon that
Smith & Salter
Ogden's Woodyard
We wish your co-operation in fighting ths Hastings mill,
a wealthy corporation, working its drirers 11 hours a day
for (65 a month.
Insist on the Teamsters and Chauffers delivering your
goods producing the monthly union button
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 018 View Street. Phoie, 1*6». Qroeaaouae a— N«r-
Hi7,'&qiiiiult Boad.   Phoae 11».
HAMMOND, B. C: Oreentioum end Niriery •■ 0. P. B. Phoie Hem-
moid IT.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treea and Shrubs, Pot Planta, Seeds,
Ont Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Mali Store ted Befistered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
41 Haitlnga Street Beit.   Plow, Seymoar 888078.
Braaea Store, Vanoourer—788 Granville Street.    Phoae Sermonr Mil
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
Nanaimo Coal
Main Office: Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St. Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymonr MM
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the shore brands are brewed and bottled by union workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery hy
Vancouver Breweries, Limited PAGE TWELVE
VBIBAT fettetty 1, m—
What the Commissions
about the necessity of allowing public utilities a fair
rate of return on their investment:
"If the rates fixed by the cominiBsion will yield *ilf a
return insufficient to attract capital into needed publie ttt-
vice, it is the public and not the investor who will luffer."—
Oregon Public Service Commission.
"The interest of the public demands that carriers eigageti
in inter-state commerce, if properly constructed and wiiwy
managed, shall receive revenue which will enable them te
keep thoir proporty and equipment in good repair and mail-
lain their Bervice at the highest point of efficiency."—Interstate Commerce Commission.
"What is a fair rate to meet thc above annual charfei •
and pay a fair return on the investment? It should be a
rate which, when applied to the probable output of the eompany, will produce a revenue sufficient to yield sueh a dividend on on araojnt of capital exactly equal to the fair value
of the property us will induce others to inveflt capital ia
similar enterprises with the expectations of getting their recompense from the normal earnings of the enterprise."—
Maine Public Utilities Commission.
"The public cannot reasonably demand rates so low that
the defendant's income may he reduced to the point where
there would not be a sufficient earning to -enable it to provido for necessary facilities to take care of the publie it
mnnd for service."—California Kailroad Commission.
"These facts bend to show that the burden upon the commission is to constantly promote efficiency in tho way »i'
granting a return to utilities which will induce them to place
in operation modern appliances as they art pat apoi Ihe
market."—Wisconsin Itailroad Conimiflsioi,
At this late day there are to be found a
few newspaper and magazine editors who
•oasidor it necessary to remind the Aineri-
san people that this world-war was precipitated, by Austria and Germany, with the latter nation's desiro for world domination the
moving Bpirit behind the scenes.
On the other hand, there are those who
maintain that the munition makers and others
who stood to profit financially precipitated
the conflict.
With these two lets of contentions we do
_Jt take Issue. They are probably both
right, but that Is not of chief concern at
this time.
The thing of prime importance to realize
-and remember—Ib the fact tbat, regardless
of who Btarted the awful carnage, it Ib now
a people's war—a war In which the people
do the fighting, endure the suffering and
make all the sacrifices—and "pay the
freight." With this as an established fact,
let us peer into tho future—look forward,
not backward.
The signs have not been lacking In recent
months, and aro becoming clearly discernible with each passing day, that the war will
be brought to a conclusion by the people.
And in the meantime—that is, between now
and the final curtain—diplomats, of high and
low degree, may cease worrying about the
terrible sacrifices having boen all in vain;
subsidized editors may cease their yelping
about a democratic peace.
The war will go to a victorious conclusion,
and the banner of triumph wll] bo- held
aloft by the forces  of democracy.
And tho verdict of democracy will ho: Let
us have done with kings, emperors and potentates; enough of divine-right rulers and Industrial autocrats. Into the discard with
the whole bunch Df loathsome drones.
And the result ho a world in which tolerance will be tho watchword, a world in
which men will enjoy life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness.
Thia will be the finish—thero can be no
othor.—Butte Weekly Bulletin.
Carrall arid Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Sey.
ii.*'* SNUFF ".'■Ns*
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Btreet
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking,  lettering,  picot edging,  pleating, niching, embroidery, hemming.
663 Granville St. 1310 Douglas St.
Phone Sey. 3191 Phone 1100
Phona Seymonr 7169
Third   Floor,   World   Building
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
They are the finest bit of workman-
hip in the bicycle world; S different
models In variety of colors.
Prices from $42.50 to 155.00, on
•aw payment! if desired.
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
616 Howe St.     412 Hastings St   W.
J.  PHILLIPS ft CO., Agents
Phono 6415 1228 Hamilton
[By Bot. Charles Stelile.]
Somebody recently said that the average
working man'reads his Labor paper as the
early Christians read their New Testament.
However that may be, a practical advertising manager insists that as an advertising
medium a Labor paper is fully ten times as
valuable as  the  ordinary  daily paper.
The average Labor union man reads not
only his trade journal, which deals with the
uffalrs of his craft, but also receives the local
paper, which seeks to keep him informed
with reference to the doings of organized
Labor in the town in which he lives. It Is
safe to say that nearly every trades unionist reads some kind of a Labor paper, which
he, in many cases, passes on to his fellow
workmen who are not in the union, and In
most cases lt Is also read by the memberB
of his own family. It has been estimated
that the Labor press has a constituency of
ubout ten milliuns, which includes the persons in the homes of the subscribers. From
the professional advertising man's view
point, this is a conservative estimate, as
there are about three million trados unionists in the United States and Canada, most
of the trudes papers, at any rate, being dis*
trlbuted in both countries.
The Labor press does not always offer a
life of euso und comfort, even aside from
the trial:, that are peculiar to editors. As
a cluss, Labor editors aro honest, in spite
of the temptation to "graft" which comeB
to nearly every Labor editor from employ'
ers, politicians and ambitious "labor leaders." That they withstand this temptation
is to their credit, for the salaries paid them
ure, us a rule, pitifully small. One of the
brightest and best-informed editors in this
eountry receives only fifteen dollars a week
for his services. They are supposed to be
informed on trade conditions, and to tell
about these things in the language of the
man ln thu shop. And most of them do It
The disposition to present the view of the
.mploying class in tho Labor press Is a
source of constant surprise. Compared with
the organs of the employers' associations,
Labor papers aro usually fair In their treatment of the Labor question. Contrary to
tho goneral impression, rarely does there appear an article which one might call radical.
The conservatism and tho restraint of these
workingmen iB most admirable.
Constantly there Ib the appeal for temperate living. Corruption in Labor circles
is unmercifully scored. High ideals in the
home and in family life are insistently presented. The appeal to the heart, in editorial, in story, in illustration and in news item,
is found in nearly every issue.
The trade journals In almost every instance
give considerable space to purely technical
matters, thus supplying a courso in technology which must be of great value to the mechanics, and especially to the apprentices in
thc trade. Indeed, many of these journals
arc of the highest type in both matter and
in general make-up, comparing favorably
with the average monthly magazine sold on
the newstands.
As a rule the attitude, of the Labor press
toward the employer is fair and reasonable.
Thero Ib a disposition to regard him as
a friend. But toward the man who opposes
organized Labor through an employers' association or a citizens' alliance, with a determination absolutely to crush it out, there is
always tho strongest feeling of resentment
and bitterness. Thero Is no class of men—
not even the "scabs" whom they employ—
who are more sincerely hated and moro persistently ridiculed. There is, however, not
the slightest disposition to advocate the use
of violence in dealing with them.
The Labor press suffers, as does every
other part of the Labor movement, in that
many of the men who are developed in tho
ranks soon find other and more remunerative employment, where the responsibility
not so great and where the criticism is
not bo severe. Some of them become Labor
editors on daily papers, others go into the
professions, some become politicians, many
enter upon a business career, while still
others are engaged by large employers to
handle/for them the Labor problem as it exists in their plants.
Attendance Boll Prepared ty Statistician Fred. KnowleB of Central
Laber Body
I. I.. A. Auxiliary- -W. J. Gilespl., O.
Whltaker, ll. Stein, N. Lambert, J. H. Wbyti,
H. Wlgnan.
BrK'klnyvrB—W. Pipes, W. Dagnall.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 0. E, Herrltt.
Bartenders— \V. Mottlshair.
Bookbinders—No delegates.
Brewery Workers—J. Pike.
Boilermakers—H. Kley, V. Young.
Bridge nnd Structural Ironwarkers—R.
Massecar, T. Thompson.
Bakers Union—A. Myers, 3. Francis.
Blacksmiths—H. Spooner.
Cigarmakers—A. P. Tietscn, C. P. Swartz,
0. Ernst, J. Walters, W. K. Smith.
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley. J* ■*•
Harrison, J. D. Logan, J. McFarlane, J.
White, D. Oliver.
Cooks and Waiters—W. McKenzie, F. Wei*
The following from tbe pen of Walt Mason
imparts some wholesome truths that should
be borne in mind by every member of a trade
union who regards the welfare of his dependents :
'Tomorrow," said the languid man, "I'll!
have my Time insured, I guess; I know it ia
the safest plan to save my children from '
distress." And when the morrow came
around, they placed him gently in a box; at
break of morning he was found as dead as
Julius Caesar's ox. His widow now Is scrubbing floors, and washing shirts, and splitting
wood, and doing fifty other chores, that ahe
may rear his wailing brood. "Tomorrow,"
said the careless jay, "I'll take an hour and
make my will, and then if I should pass
away the wife and kids will know no 111."
The morrow came, serene snd nice, tho
weather mild, with signs of rain; the careless jay was placed on Ice, embalming fluid
in his brain. Alas, alas, poor careless jay I
The lawyers got his pile of cash; his wife
is toiling night and day to keep the kids
in clothes and hash. "Tomorrow" is .the
fatal rock on which a million ships are
To membera of any union In Canada a
special nte for The Federationist of (1
per year—If a olub of 10 or moro la aent
Elected Police Commissioner.
S. B. Macdonald, in tbe recent muni
cipal elections, at Prince Rupert, wns
elected police commissioner at the head
of tbe poll,   "Sid" is a member of the
Typographical Union and delegate to Igor, R. Dixon,
the Prince Rupert Trades and Labor     ToUl> 14fl-
Council. I
Brotherhood of Carpenters—G. E. Thom,
.1. H. Campbell, \V. Thomas, A. McDonald, G.
H. Hurdy, E, Meek, H. liatley.
Carpenters, Amalgamated—J, G. Smith, R.
Edmonds, R. McCormack.
Civic Employees North Vancouver)—P.
Deep Sea Fishermen—R. Kearley.
Electrical WorkerB—E. H. Morrison, W.
Murdock, II. Woodside, 0. G. Bell, W. A.
Garment Workers—H. Gutteridge, Mrs.
Firemen (Civic)—J. Richardson, H. Stein,
J. Anderson, F, Enright.
I. A. M„ 777—F. E. Edney, G. Walker,
D. McCallum, G. Knowlton, A. Davidson.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, J. Dodd, A.
M. Hungerford.
Longshoremen—G. Kelly, G. Thomas, L.
Marsh, J. Mahone.
Lathers—A. P. Surges.
Freight Handlers—W. Manning, J. liar-
Machinists, 182—J. H. McVety, A. R, Towler,  Vi. Lyle, W. Hawthorne, J. Brookes.
Moving Picture Operators—A. O, Hansen,
W. .Clayton.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson, L, Tabor,
Meat Cutters—B. W. Lane, T. Anderson,
G. Johnson.
Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers—A- Cowling, G. Rose, F, W.
Welsh, A. Morrell.
Patternmakers—No delegates.
Painters—H. Grand, J. Wilson, R. Stevenson.
Press Assistants—No delegates.
Plledrlvers—W. F. Ironsides, W. Campbell, T. Enright, E. Carlson, E. Hawkes, E.
Plasterers—J.   Williamson.
Retail Clerks—A. P. Glen, P. T. Nicholson. '
Railway Mail Clerks—No delegates.
Street Railway Employees — Cottrell,
Hoover, Hobble, Lofting, R. Clark, J. Fine.
Hhoet Motal Workers—A. J. Crawford, J.
W. Friend,
Sailors' Union—W. S. Burns.
Shoeworkers—W.  Elvin,  S.  Hallam.
Stage Employees—A. K, Harrington, J.
Shipyard Laborers—M. Phelps, G. A. Kilpatrick, F, Pago, W. ThompkinB.
Steam and Operating Engineers — J.
O'Neill, W. Alexander, W. L. Vaughan, J. R.
F'ynn,   '
Shipwrights—A. Watchman, K. McKenzie,
S. S. Dredgemen—No delegates.
Tailors' U nion—H. Gutteridge, A. R.
Typographical—W. R. Trotter, G. Bartley,
C. Benson.
Tllelayers—No delegates.
Telegraphers—G. L. Gauvereau.
Teamsters—F. Poole, Sampson, B. Showier, W, M. Brown, W. Burgess, G. B. Anderson.
MuBictans—J. Dennis.
Millworkers-i-J. Copping, G. Campbell, W.
Keon, A. Gordon, 3, Gibbons, C. H. Wilson.
Warehousemen—J. Rose, A, Stnart, J. Ed-
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotola and residences
Piano Moving
Phone n> day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404*8-6
Union Station
Mined on Pacific Coast
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
are the Expert Testomeny
of careful Tailoring—lag-
land and Canada contribite
the cloth—expert specialized tailoring the garmeafr—
and there is no greed fer
profit in the price in the
665 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vaneoaver
Fair. 2800
i Main Street
The Federationist is on Bale In
Vancouver at the following news
134 Hastings Street Eut
Corner Hastings and Columbia
422  Richards   Street
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Street
Cor. Richards and Hastings
205 Carrall Street
COAL mining rights of the Domini**, is
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albert*, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Terrttwie*
and tn a portion of the Provinoe of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal-for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of 11 aa
acre. Not mere tban '2,560 acres wfi be
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sab-
Agent of the district in which the righto allied f
he dei
erlbpd by sections, or legal sub-divisfc» of
plied for are situated.
In sarveyed territory the land muat 1
i dea-
seetions, and in unsurveyed territory tbe
tract applied for shall be staked oat by the
applicant himself.
Eaeh application mast be accompanied by
a fee of SS whioh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, bat not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid m tbo
merchantable output ot the mine at the Tate
of five cents por ton.
The person operating the mine ahal furnish the Ageut with sworn returns accoeatlnr
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
eoal mining rights are not being operated,
snch returna should be famished at least
once a year.
The lease wtll Include the ooal mining
rlghu only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 4*
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914,
For full information application show bo
made to the Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent tr Sab-
Agent ef Dominion Lands,
Dapaty Minister of Iatssdor.
N. ■.—tJauthoilied publication ol thlt
advertisement will net be paid for.—1117*.
Do You Look for the <l
m     V\ /
v         LIKE
"^t\ i\\illl*
y^s) i
It is the duty of every Union wn ia B. C. to demand
N'ot only should Union mee wear these products, but they
should also aek thoir dealers te ssatf them ia stock.
flYou will find it next week in every store where the best
made and Union-made Overalls are carried and recommended.
Why Should You
Look for the
Carharrt Sign?
fl BECAUSE it makes you safe against the "Something-
fl BECAUSE with our big Union factory here you are sure
of your particular preference in size and color.
flWe are glad to see that your dealer gets it quickly, because
we know it helps you.
flYour dealer is glad to do it because every good Union man
he serves with the CARHARTT is a satisfied customer,
and sure to come again.
fl These stores are all displaying on the next two Saturdays
and the whole week, the famous "CARHARTT-O-SCOPE,"
and Free Carhartt Famous Overalls will be given away.
flSee your dealer, and be sure to put in your ballot.
Every Good Union Man
Is Entitled to His Ballot
This Is the
This is the "Carhartt-o-Scopt"
See Them About Free Overalls
Mr. Wm. Boddy 1874 Powell St. West, Vaaqouvar, B. C.
Mr. M. J. Cameron 6 Cordova St. WeBt, Vancouver, B. C.
Messrs. Clubb & Stewart 315 Hastings St. West, Vaneoaver, B. C.
Wm. Dick, Ltd 33 and 47 Hastings St. laat, VanaoBver, B. C.
Dicks, Ltd 54 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B. C.
J. N. Harvey 127 Hastings St. Weat, Vanaanvw, B. C.
Kerfoot & Hall ! 155 Hastings St. Wart, VaneoBvar, B. C.
Lees & Baybould 1159 Granville St., Vaneoaver, B. C.
The London Store (F. W. Tyrrell) 1051 Granville St., Vancouver, B. C.
B. Moore 2211 Cambie St., Vancouver, B. C.
A. I. Stoddart 2127 Granville St., Vancouver, B. C.
Mr. J. Badger 69 Lonsdale Ave., North Vancouver, B. C.
Wray & McKce 52 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B. C.
Rcid & McDonald 707 Columbia St., New Westminster, B. C.
h    GL0VE5


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