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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 25, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH
I
FEDERATIONIST
INBUSTEIAL UNITY: BTWJNaTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 4
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL FAPEE:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT:   VIOTOBT
XVANCOUVER, B. G., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26,1918
(la VUMBfW\
oitr.ti.so )
$1.60 PER YEAR
IT
Methods of Military Authorities the Subject of
Criticism
Military Men Seem to Try to
Go Out of Their Way
to Interfere
Am eagle-eyed scout for the military
press gang on Tuesday came very near
tying up the waterfront in a strike at
a most important part Of thc day when
some Tory much needed longshore work
was being done. In connection with
the rotfndup of suspected evaderB of
tonscription the authorities pay privates in uniform $10 a head for all the
•onscriptable men they can find. On
Monday and Tuesdny last it was noticed that a conscript-hunter was making
himself conspicuouB around the waterfront, stationing himself thore early
in the morning, and for several hourB
he openly sized up the tollers aB they
passed with their heavy truckB. Had
the spotter made a casual survey of
the husky toilers aB they passed aud
let it go at that, the matter might have
paBsod unnoticed. But tho prowler took
pains to make himself obtrusive. So
muoh so did he do this with W. West-
wood that the latter askod him what
he .wanted.
"Show mc your registration papers,"
demanded the soldier.
He wbb informed that Westwood had
none.
"What's your name!" demanded the
soldier then.
Quite naturally the worker refused
to tell the soldier his name on peremptory demand of that sort, until he knew
by what right he was being interrogated and what the information was wanted for, and. told the soldier bo.
Afterward tho soldier arrived with a
corporal, and about the same scene wob
re-enacted, all the time work being interfered with. Westwood still refused to
give any information under the circumstances, which was quite right. The
timekeepor also refused, under the circumstances, to givo any information
about Westwood or any other employee
till he was told tho reason for the request.
Working with Westwood was P.
Hughos, who took a hand, and asked
information from tho soldiers as to
their reasons for being on the waterfront holding up tho men with questions
unless there on a military mission.
Hughes was accused of boing "insolent." Thot was pretty nearly tho
limit.
Along about 3 o'clock in the afternoon I.ieut. Eller, thc provost marshal,
arrived with Detective Dinning, of the
eity police force, for without a civil
police officer the military hove no rights
to make indiscriminate arrests. Eller
told.tho detective to place Westwood
under arrest, which he did, and they
itarted along the dock, when thoy mot
Foreman Bishop, who wanted to know
what tho trouble was. The "prisoner" said "1 guess I'm on my way to
Hastings park."
Eller was aBked if ho realized what
he was doing. He replied he did not.
He was told he was tyinff up a mail
ship by Buch high-handed methods.
Furthermore, he wbb told by tho fone-
man that his prisoner was a married
man, and not subjeftt to conscription.
Lieut. Eller then lot tho prisoner go.
What the military should have done
in this case, or in any other similar
ease, wbb to go to Bishop in tho firBt
place, and n wholo lot of trouble and
criticism of tho methods of the press
gang would hove been saved.
A Coughlan Instance.
Another case of tho trouble being
caused by the military system of examinations is givon by an employee of the
Coughlan shipynrd. Although tho particular "subject" had received exomption to March, he was nevertheless ordered through the moil to roport for
medical examination before tho board.
He laid off and went up to tho board,
whore he was put in line to wait, and
thon told they could not roach him that
day; he would havo, to como tomorrow.
Meanwhile the man was losing his
wages. He asked about thiB, and was
told he would havo to continue to show
up until thoy reached him, and told,
furthermore, "that he had had threo
years to get there."
The military authorities arc not making their own work any easier, nor are
they making themselves popular in the
least by high-handed methods such as
the two instances rolated above.
GOB; X  J. KELLT
Prenidnnt-elei-t rgfYnncouviT Tradea and
Labor counci -Cif the Longshoremen's
union, whu waS-ilso elected preaident of
Vancuuver Laltor Temple Co., fast Tuesday
evening.
President W. L. Hutchinson
of Carpenters to Visit
Vancouver
President W. L. Hutcheson, of the
International Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, with headquarters at
Indianapolis, will be an official visitor
to Vancouver next month. General Organizer A, Watchman, who has been
stationed in this jurisdiction for' some
months, with splendid resultB, especially among the shipyard carpenters, has
been ordered by the (executive to proceed to Washington pointB until further advised. With the increasing
number of carpenters now employed in
Greater Vancouver, due largely to'the
shipbuilding industry, it iB rather significant that for the first'time an international president of the Carpenters'
has decided to come here. The local
membership will arrange for a suitable
reception.
QUIBBLE BY THE
Notice to Civic Employeea.
At the neit meeting, on Friday, February 1, tho matter of working conditions for the present year will be fully
considered. A full attendance il requested.
IMS CAUTION
10 THE WINDS
Boldly Decides to "Confer"
With Hand-picked
Labor Men
Canadian Precedent Defied,
Even as Ajax Defied
the Lightning
It has taken the Borden governmont
almost four years to got round to the
place where it has even condescended
to "confer" with Labor officials. And
tho action is only takon even now because thoro is no way out of it. An
alleged " conference" was staged at
Ottawa two weeks ago, with no delegates present wost of Ontario. Tho delegates on that occaBion are reported to
have been selected by the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada executive,
but that is doubtful.
Now the government has decided to
call another "conference" of Labor
unionists. No provincial Federations
of Labor or central labor bodies have
been consulted, and askod to send the
delogates of their choice. But tho Hon.
Somebody has summoned a meeting of
hand-picked officials to couvone at Ottawa on Tuesday uost, January 29.
J. H. McVety was favored with one
of the telegraphic invitations on Wednesday, but, owing to the B. C. F. of L.
convention meeting hero next weok,
Mr. McVety decided not to accept tho
invitation.
With a view to having Vancouver
represented he asked for a hurriedly-
called meeting of the executive of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
the same afternoon.
The members present decided that
Business Agent V. R. Midgloy, of the
central labor body, Bhould bo recommended to replace McVety, and if the
Ottawu authorities are -willing to accept the nominee of the central labor
body executive Mr. Midgloy will leave
this evening for Ottawa.
So far as cun be learned, no delegate
has been invited from Victoria or nny
other British Columbia centre than
Vancouver.
Winnipeg ndvioes say that Dick
Rigg and Arthur W. Puttee have been
invited and will accept.
AUSTIN RE-ELECTED
NELSON ALDERMAN
For  tbe   Seventh  Time. Electors of
Mountain Metropolis Show Confidence in Labor Man.
NELSON. Jan. 23.—Tho citizens of
NeUon iw-electod Aid. T. A. Austin for
tho seventh term as thoir representative on tho city council.   Ho has always
ran undor tho ouspiceB of tho Trados
and   Labor   Council, and thc buBlnesB
I toon of tho city hove unbounded fuith
' In him.   The eloction was hold for tho
(first time in this city undor tho proportional   representation   syBtem,  and
I Aid. Austin headed the polls. Aftor the
| result was made known a certain indi-
■ vidunl, whom everybody with self-re-
' spect has leornod to despise, expressed
' nimBelf as dissatisfied becauso Austin,
tho Labor man, headed the polls, and
oven accused Austin of disloyalty, hinting ho was pro-Gorman.   However, the
poople of Nelson hove found a true representative in Austin, and every year
renew their confidence in him.
Metal  Trades   Dissatisfied
With Actions of Federal
Board of Wages
What appears to be an attempt of the
Munitions Board of Canada to quibble
on the question of the 10 por cent, increase in wagos in the shipbuilding industry was discussed on Wednesday
night at the meeting of the Metal
Trades Council. It will bc recalled that
tho representatives of the Munitions
Board, after a lot of discussion over
the subject of increased wages, declared it would make the decision of the
United States adjustment board apply
in British Columbia yards. On the
other side of the line this increase was
in the nature of a war bonus up to
February 1, but now it has been put in
as a goneral rate. According to the
previous understandtig this waB agreeable to tho board here. But thc local
representatives are now putting forth
the claim that the incrense has come
from the Emergency Fleet Corporation
of the U. S., nnd not from the wage
adjustment board, therefore iB endeavoring to have it not apply here.
OARAGE MEN HOLD
BIO OPEN MEETING
Labor Temple Monday Night tlie Scene
of Bousing Organization Meeting
A vigorous organization campaign
has started among automobile and gar'
age employees, and the first big meeting
of the campaign took place last Monday night, when Victor R. Midgley,
business agent of the Trades and Labor
council, R. P. Pettipiece, manager of
The Federationist, and Duncan McCallum, businoss agent of the Machinists,
delivered speeches. Agreements are
being drawn for presentation to the employers on March 1.
Dr. W. J. Curry, dontiBt, has returned from his trip in the east, whero he
visited in New York and Philadelphia
PLANS APPROVED TO M.T.C. OPPOSES
E
LABOR TEMPLE
Big Joint Meeting of Union
Officials Have Endorsed
Proposals
New Directorate Will Immediately Begin a Big
Campaign
THE NEW DIRECTORATE OF
VANCOUVEB LABOR TEMPLE
Gordon J. Kelly, Longshoremen's union, president of Vanconver Trades and Labor council,
president-elect.
J. H. McVety, Machinists, aecretary-treaaurer.
Angus Fraser, Boilermakers.
j, Bromfleld, Ship Carpenters.
O. O. B. Showier, Teamsters ts
Chauffeurs.
Fred. A. Hoover, Street Bail-
way Employees.
A. J. Crawford, Sheet Metal
Workers.
' Fred. Knowles, Letter Carriers.
Jas. Campbell, Brotherhood of
Carpenters.
J. Byron, Street Bailway Employees.
Helena Outterldge, Tailors.
THE PAST WEEK has been a
memorable one in the history
ol* Vancouver Labor Temple Co.,
Ltd., and a credit to the organized
labor movement of Vancouver.
About a month ago the old directorate figured it was about time
to start a campaign for thc sale
of shares for the purpose of restoring the building from the
hands of the receiver to thc membership of organized labor. Several meetings were held and plans
and recommendations were made.
These were presented to thc shareholders at ,a meeting held in the
Labor Temple on Jan. 15; After
a free and thorough discussion of
the question from every angle, the
shareholders decide dto ask the Trades
and Labor comei! to (mil a epeeial
meeting, to which the shareholders and
every local president, seeretary and
business agent was invited. Tho Trades
and Labor council, nt last meeting,
readily complied with the request, and
on Monday evening Inst a bumper meeting took place, with the following pre
sent:
I. L. A. Aiixillary—E Winch.
Brlckl»jrcr»—W. Plpus, \V. Da-pull.
Barben—S. H. Grant, E. Herrltt. G. W
Isaacs.
Brewery Workers—J. Pike.
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley. G. Harrison.
Cooks and Waiters—W. McKensle.
U. B. of 0.—O. H. Hardy, E. Meek, W.
Thomaa, R. Hatley.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Barratt.
Eleotrleal Workers—H. H. Free.
I. A. M. No. 777—W. Lyons.
(Continued on Page 8)
Lively Discussion on Question of Schemes of
Big Interests
That the Metal Trades Council is prepared to go to any lengths to oppose
the bringing into Canada of the proposed flood of cheap coolie labor from
China, or anywhere else, was indicated
by the discussion at the meeting on
Wednesday night. There waB not the
slightest division of opinion aa to the
importation of cheap labor leading to
serious consequences should u be attempted.
Tne fact that a nation-wide plot has
been hatched has been wakened up to
by organised labor of thiB city, as of
tho rest of thc Dominion, and it is
recognized that those behind the
scheme are not agriculturists, us they
would have it appear, but the representatives of the big employers of labor in
industries.
DID NOT ENDORSE
E
Fruit Growers Fail to Put
Over Scheme" for Coolie
Labor Influx
What evidently was an attempt on
the part of the B. C. Fruit GrowerB*
association to get organized labor's endorsement of their proposal for the importation of Chinese eoolie labor for
fruit picking, did not succeed the other
evening, when a conference between
the big fruit growers and Labor representatives was held at the Lnbor temple. But the growerg gave away some
very amusing information.
For instance, during the late fruit
harvest, they said, they had offered the
jobs to Chinese at $2.25 u day, but the
chinks of this provinco are making a
whole lot betted wages in the places of
white labor that has gone to war. So
the growers then offered the places to
women and girls, and hnrvested their
crops under the direction of a Mrs. J.
C. Kemp, who waB the general of the
army of disappointed girls who were induced to go to work for the growers.
The growers nlso gave the information that at their convention in Victoria
they had passed a resolution directed to
the federal government that all industrial labor be conscripted.
In the face of those admissions they
came to white labor's organization to
get endorsement of thoir schemes. That
they were unsuccessful goes without
saying. They were told that they
would have to withdraw their resolutions ou industrial conscription und indentured labor, and if they would do
so, then they might tukc up tho subject of some organiaztion to supply
whito lubor.
Victoria Delegates,
Dels. Dakers and Peel have been appointed by the Victoria Trades and
Labor Council to attend the B. f F. of
L. convention here next week. They
will como instructed to vigorously oppose the suggestion for indentured
labor.
STRATEGY
(Adapted from Cartoon by John T. McCutcheon In Chicago Tribune.)
VICTOE E. MIDOLET
BtiKlneiB agent of Vancouver Trades and
Labor councU, who leavei thta evening to
attend the Labor conference with the government at Ottawa.
ELECTED BY Tl
TO
Workers  Crucify Political
Humbug and Cremate
the Remains
Liberal Candidate Gets a
Solar Plexus Blow and
Loses His Deposit
LADYSMITH, B.C., Jon. 24.—
(By Long Distance Telephone.)—
Hawtliornthwalte Is elected! He
was more than elected. It vas a
wtlkaway. The Bolsheviki triumphs. Even ia Ladysmith, where
the Liberals had hoped to overcome
the majorities ot outlying districts,
Hawthornthwalte secured the biggest voto ever given ■> Labor candidate. He hai a majority ln every
polling nation, and Cavin will lose
his deposit.
Th* Befalt.
Hawthornthwaite. Covin
Ladysmith   462 307
Cedar District.... 101 37
Extension   40 ■ 30
Northfleld   101 30
Bo. Wellington.... 101 38
Totals   931 448
NHS MEETING OF
To be Held Tomorrow Midnight in Broadway
Theatre
Will Discuss Seniority System and Proposed Increase in Dues
A mass meeting of the members of
Pioneer Division No. 101, Streetrallway
Employees, will be held, tomorrow night
(Saturday midnight), at 12.30 in the
Broadway theatre, corner of Broadway
and Main Btreet, to discuss a number
of questions affecting the internal affairs of the division. Late cars will
bc provided.
Under the head of good and welfare
it is understood that the meeting will
discuss the seniority system as applied
to motormen and conductors.
Another question that will eome up
for consideration is the necessity of increasing the union dues, owing to the
recent increase in international per
capita, which has bee* made necessary
because of the increased demands being
made upon the benefit fund of the organization.
At the last regular meeting of the
union on Wednesday, thc proposed increase in dues was introduced, but
givon a two weeks' hoist in enter to
consult the mass meeting tomorrow
night, and while the quostion will not
be settled then it will be'in shape for
final disposition at the next regular
meetng, February 13,
Every member should be preseit, if
possible.
T.
Tk< South American main, wrltn Ernst Dm* wtta itUeket by wolvt* »d MuMktn, tave aeeeiamai tke
iMtlKt to torm a ring, puttlac tktlr Kits tantkn »d tkelr keel, to tke .neaar.   """"* mvn "■"«■"»
B. C. Federation of Labor Will
******     ******     ******     ******
ConveneHereMonday Morning
THE EIGHTH ANNUAL convention of tho British Columbia Federation of Labor will convene in the Labor Temple, Vancouver,
on Monday morning next. Undoubtedly it will be the biggest assembly of union men, from all parts of thc province, from Fernie in thc
east, to Prince Rupert In the north, for many years. President Jos.
Naylor, Cumberland, and Secretary-Treasurer A. S. Wells, Vietoria,
will arrive here this evening to complete arrangements for the reception of delegates and the conduct of the convention. Thc executive
board will meet tomorrow morning for the purpose of completing
their annual reports, tabulating thc credentials and striking committees for tho proper handling of questions and resolutions which will
be presented to the convention. Arrangements are being made by
The Federationist to furnish a comprehensive report of the proceedings in noxt issue.
taa Wntutta At* tMt Swato to-nlkee. Bear at tk* near, ant kjik-ra. u*tke>.
Th. abon cartoon U reproduced Horn th. Australian Workor. It li lore dedicated, aloof with tho compliments ot tlio tome! llllv HSlon to th. nllant tbouundl ot Canadian working nun who rose so splendidly In thoir democratic njanhood at tho ro*
ant DoSlnloi alKtlon and noblr carried tbelr own conscription ln military slavery, as woll as that or their to UowiI to a most mag*
nUk.nl'victory Ufact theway thn' "went ovor tho top" upon that most slorlone occasion. Bodes HI Ior the silly dupe, ol the
iiokid'taSKrWhw thi" IScontcrlptiar. turned loose In ravening fury .gainst them upon the already Wood, Held, of Europe.
Hire li to th. bravest of the brave and tbe wisest of the wise I
Mrs. Ralph Smith is First
Woman Legislator in
This Province
Mrs. ltulph Smith wns ulected to tin*
provincial legislature ovor Sergt.
Wolter Drinnan of the (front War Veterans' association at yesterday's by*
election by u majority of 3,515.
.'1,515.
ReportH late iast night indicated that
the govenitiu'iit candidates in Port Alberni, Similkameen and Newcastle were
defeated. In Newcusllo, J. II. Hawthornthwaite, the Labor candidate,
trimmed Mr. Covin, thc Liberal candidate, by a largo majority.
Vancouver Results.
Ward.      Drinnan.       Smith.    Youug.
1 1742 2070 01
2 -123 0511 08
3 178 322 311
i 1108 2022 43
5 10711 1752 85
0 100*1 20011 70
1 253 320 40
8                208                 400 28
I DELEGATES
Waitresses Will Put On Big
Dance Next Wednesday Evening
The members of the Cooks, Waiter!
& Waitresses' Union Mo. 28, will put
on a dance in the Cotillion hall next
Wednesday evening, and a special invitation is being extended to tho visiting
delegates to tho B. C. F. of h. convention, who will tie here from Monday
till Thursday of next week.
Officers of the union aro urging the
recently-organized Progressive Home
Workers' League to affiliate with the
Waitresses) with n view to consolidating efforts to secure bettor conditions
for women workors in Vancouver.
Three delegates havo been elected to
Die B. C. F. of L. convontion, Messrs.
Wm. MacKienzie, Andy Oraham and
Prod Welton. They will urge tho convention to assist them in securing one
day off in seven for  he culinary crafts.
SHIPYARD HELPER8
GET BIO INCREASE
Fasteners   Receive   an   lncreaae   of
Ninety Oents Per Day en
U. 8. Award.
Although thero are still Boveral de*
tails to complete, thc award of the U.
S. adjustment board in connection with
tho shipbuilding industry, whieh has
beon purtiully applied here, gives the
fasteners of the shipyards a new scale
of $4.50 a day, tho previous Minimum
being $3.60. Tho Shipyard Helpers'
local is growing at a great rate, and
now numbers about 1,200 members. A
Now Westminster branch has a membership of more thnn 200 strong. A
su..n>n»f ,il meeting, at which tnore than
a hundred new members wero earolled,
was held on Tuesday. Shipyaris are
about ninety per cent, organized.
((7UC
1021.il
.'.in
NEW POLITICAL RIDDLE
SPRUNG ON UNION LABOR
Mystery Surrounds the Record of One
T. D. Bulger, New Fair- Wage
Officer.
Members of organized lnbor are on*
deavoring to ascertain who T. D. Bui
gar, newly'appointod fair-wage officer
for British Columbia, muy be. He lias
been announced uh thc successor of J,
D, McNiven, who has been appointed
deputy ministor of labor for this province, lifter having mnde u splendid roc-
ord as fair-wage officer. But who is
Bulgert He is reported to he from
tittkusp. Ho fur as has been learned
lie in unknown in tho Labor movement,
though the roport hus it he is ti ma-
.'liiniKt. Tlie machinists do not know
him. There is u mnn tiy (lie rnuiic of
Bulgor nt Nakusp who in u ship's carpenter, but it. is said I") in not the one
who hus been nppointed. Anyway, organized Labor waB nol consulted by the
federal authorities responsible fur the
appointment) and it is a safe gaosa t'.r.t
suine of the big employers of lubor in
this province were consulted uud know
ull nbout who Bulger is.
At thc meeting of Machinists local
777 on Tuesday night, it wub decided to
affiliate with the B. C. Federation of
Labor, and D« McCallum und O. Kennedy were elected delegates to represent tho local at the convention which
will bu held hero com mene ing January
28. SflVtiral new members wero initiated. About forty now applications aro
n.nl. r consideration.
OOAL PRICE TAKING
NEW FLIOHT SKYWARD
On February 1 Price Is to Be Advanced
to $8.80 a Ton to Householders.
Nicol Thompson, B. 0. representative
of the fuel controller announces   that,
after "investigation" it has been decided to raise the price of coal 30 cents
u ton, which will make the priee to the
consumer    $8,80 a ton.    People would
like to know whut the "investigation"
wns, and   if conditions with tho coal
barons ure any different than they have
been in the past.
MINIMUM WAGE LAWS
WANTED THIS SESSION
A Resolution WUl be Passed Calling oa
Oovernment for Immediate
Action.
A muss meeting nf those interested in
the minimum wage question has beon
culled by the Minimum Wage League
to l>e held at the Labor temple on Friday, February 1.   It is proposed to pass
it resolution calling upon the provincial
government to enact a minimum wago
Inw at tW) coming session which opeus
on February 7.
Mayor Will Speak.
Mayor Gale will address tho B. C. F.
of    1„  convention at  its  opening oa
Monday.
Campaign Oommlttee
A meeting uf the local federal campaign committee will   be held at tha
Labor Tomple tonight.
Minimum Wage Dance.
The Minimum Wago League tonight,
ut   tho   Labor   temple, will entertain
members and their friends with n whist
drive and duueo. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY January 25, 1918
Reduced Prices on
Men's Watches
We don't sell any watch that we cannot give a guarantee to,
so our customers can buy these with every confidence, even
though they do pay a lower price by the fact that they are
marked to clear.
Strong watch in 12 Bize nickel case; good timekeeper. Reg. $5.50 for $4.18
CWic and Montank Wntclucf*, in plain and cngravod cases.    Rogulnr
*1».50 and $11.50 for $7.49
Strong Watch in engine turned case.   Begular $8.50, for $6.70
Smart-looking Wntch in pluin gold-filled Fortune cuse.   Begular 1(113.25,
tor ! * ■ 59*76
7-jewellcd Watch, in semi-hunter gold-filled ense.   Begular $18 for $13.75
15 jewelled open face Watch in solid 9-karat gold case.   Begular $20.00,
for  $13.60
15-jowelled Illinois Watch, in Cashier quality.   Bog. $21.25, for $15,80
23 and IB-jewelled Eallwaymen's Watch, gold-Hied case, high grade.
Bcgulur $20.25, for $20.60
17-icwollod Watch in 14 karat solid gold hunting caso.   Begular $48.00,
fir $39.50
15-jcwollod Watch, in plain gold-tilled hunter case.   Beg. $23.75,   $16.90
Mjcwellod Hampden Railwayman 'a Watch nickel case.   Bogular $20.50,
fir $18.49
Howard Watches
17-jewellod movemont, 14 karat gold cose; reg. $55.00 for $40.95
23-jewelled Eailwaytaan's Watch, in James Boss gold-Ailed easo.   Begu*
lu $90.00, for   $55.95
17-jewollcd Watch, in 14 karat gold caso.   Beg. $75.00, for $64.46
17-jowollod Wateh, in 14 karat gold hunter case.   Beg. $85.00, for..$69.95
17-jewollod Watch, in Jas. Bobb hunter case.  Beg. $42.60, for $30.95
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Why Do I Suffer
From Indigestion?
—a question which bothers many people—which sends them to drug -
stores for "patent medicines"—to their physicians for prescriptions
—but all in vain.
Are your teeth in proper condition? Defective teeth are very
often tbe cause of indigestion and kindred stoma** complaints,
It may be so ln your case.
Let mc examine your teoth and advise you. If your.teeth are the
cause, there can be no permanent cure until they have beon given
attention. *
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specially
602 Haatinga Street Weat, Cor. Seymour
Office Open Until 6 p.m. Dally
t-lay aims takon It uou-
tety;   10-yaar   tunalm
mon sn. ism
Ruminations   malt   •■
pkou anointments.
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital. $15,000,000        Bart $13,600,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VANCOUVEB DISTBIOT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assist yon in the patriotic and personal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interett at current rates, and welcomes small as well as large
accounts.
Have You Read the Little
Booklet, Printed by
The Federationist?
It's a crackor-jack, and should be read by evory man and woman
interested in tho Labor movement.
It-is entitled "THE GENESIS AND EVOLUTION OF SLAVERY,"
written by the Grand Old Man of thc Labor Movemont in British Columbia, Mr. E, T. Kingsley, and compiled by R. V. Pettipiece, whn hns
for more thon 20 years been identified with the organized labor move-
meat of the province.
In ft clear-cut and concise style
thin booklet goes thoroughly Into
tbe question of the eVonomlc pool-
tlon^of cftplUllit society and the
position of the working classes In
relation to It.
Tho troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and the worker are dealt with la
a manner which soWes In plain
and foreoful logic many point* en
which the worker of today Is often
' 'at sea'' wben meeting arguments.
THB BOOKLET FOBMS A VALUABLE TEXT BOOK AKD WOIK
OF REFERENCE FOB WOBKEBS
AND STUDENTS OF ECONOMIC
PROBLEMS
E. T. KINOSLET
Packages Of 100 copUi or
mon, 6 cents ptr copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or ln uy number up to 100 copies, 10 centi
each (postpaid).
The  Biggest  Ten Cents'   Worth  of
Reading Ever Offered In Literature
Send along a dime for a copy todny.   Try it out on your friends.
It 'a worth while.
ADDRESS:
\ i
The B. C. Federationist
LABO^ TEMPLE.      B. PAEM. PETTIPIECE, Mgr.      VANCOUVER.
1 WAY IT
HAS BEEN KEPI
How New Victoria Regime
Has Abolished Party
Patronage
Another Labor
Trail-blazer Gone
Grits Get Loaves and Fishes
While Tory Lambs Are
„ Cruelly Shorn
During thc lust provincinl election
the welkin was made to ring sonorously with vivid denunciations of the infamous Bowsor regime for the mnny
sins of omission aud commission of
which it had undoubtedly been gallty.
Among tho long list of crimes charged
to thot particular reign of terror by the
raucous-voiced Liberals; wus that of a
most unholy and partizan distribution
of the politicul 'Mouves and fishos,"
In fact, thnt was the one supreme
crime among the lot, according to thc
judghiont of Brewster nnd his co-religionists. And this courageous ami
righteous bund of political purifiers
were not at all backward in saying
so, nor at all stingy in giving emphatic
assurance that it was their divine purpose, in case of being returned to offi&e,
to tear the foul weed of patronage
from tho sacred soil of B. C. political
life, root and branch, and caBt it ignom-
iniously into tho outer darkness of foul
and forgotten things.. And by this act
of purification and s a notification there
would be ushered in such nn era of political cleanliness and bonutitude that the
vory angels in heaven would be jumping
over the battlements thereof in order
to run for provincial office. Well, promise and performance are quito, two different things, and political platforms
ar»i ovidontly much the same as those
of street cars. They are made to get
in on, as thc following goeth to show:
Brewster's Promises
At Anyox, B. .. July 17th, 1916. "The
audience cheered tho declaration that he was
determined to smash the patronage system
and the political machine."—Vancouver Sun,
July 18, 1916.
At Pon tic ton, B. C. August 8th, 1916.
"It is time for every man with a drop of
Anglo-Saxon Mood in liis veins to rise up
and smash the machine. I will never rest
content until machine polities have heen
wiped out."—Vancouver Sun, August 9th,
1916.
At Vancouver, B. C, August 80th, 1916.
"To tho utter abolition of every vestige of
the patronage system I have''definitely and
firmly committed the Liberal party, and. If
the peoplo entrust us with the management
of their affairs, I intend' to implement that
pledge to tho last letter."—Vancouver Bun,
August 80, 1916.
BBBWSTBB'S   PEEFORMANCES.
Casualty List (Dismissals).
R. A, Renwick .deputy minister of lands,
11' years satisfactory service.
Geo. D. McKay, Vancouvor, district forester, 9 years satisfactory service,
William Allison, auditor-general. 10 yoars
satisfactory service.
Sidney A. Fletcher, travelling auditor, 12
years satlsfootory service.
Col. Gunther, inspector of insurance.
F. C. Gamble, chief engineer, railway department.    Long and satisfactory service.
A, A. McGaffey, secretary bureau of information.
Henry Avison, of Fort George, sanitary inspector.
A. Vercherc, of Mission City, small debts
magistrate.
T. H. Collier, superintendent Girls' Industrial school, Vancouver.
Wm. Manson, Prince Rupert.
Win. Duncan, Comox.
Wm. Bridge, Steveston, agricultural credit
commissioner.
Robert Gordon, government agent at Revcl-
»\.u\c.   Many years service.
O. R. Gordon, of Vancouver, inspector of
factories.
A. Sampson, government agent at 150-Mile
House.    Aftor lo years service.
Frank Bowser, chairman aewerage board,
Vancouver.
G, A. McLennan, chief janitor, Vancouver court house.
Wm. Irvine, of Nelson, police magistrate.
S. R. Roe, of Nelson, registrar of titles.
Capt. I'His worth, engineer, water branch,
Vancouver,
W. R. Bradley, government agent, Golden.
Ten yoars In service.
Richard Ryan, chief Janitor, parliament
buildings.   After 13 years service,
C. L. Gordon, censor of moving pictures,
Vancouvor.
Chas. L. Cullin, homestead inspector,
Prince Rupert, B. C.
Chas. Bailey, homestead inspector, Prince
George, B, C.
W. A. Wilmot, homestead Inspector, Fernie, B. C, «
G. K. Townshend, forest ranger, Prince
George.
Game Warden Madcr, of Grand Forks.
Game Warden  Stewart, of Mission City.
Game Warden Avery, of Golden.
Gamo Warden Ferguson, of Revelstoke.
Allan McLean,  forest ranger, Vancouver.
Chief Forest Ranger Mix, of Grand Forks.
Constable Forrester, of Creston, B. C.
After many years service.
Constable Hlbben, o( Olayoquot.
Constable Pallant, of Alberni, Smith
African veteran. ,       . .,     ,
Frank Harmcr, game warden, nf Fernie.
Geo, Dennis, game warden, nf Delta.
W. M. McKay, banister, of Vancouver,
dismissed as crown prosecutor while away in
Franco.
All road superintendents throughout the
province liavo been dismissed.
Mnny coroners and justices of the peac«\
"bi'hiutdod" and supplanted by Liberal
workers.
Political   Appointments.
Glin. R. Nadon, ex-Lib. ral member for
Greenwood (ovor ftge limit). Appi Inted deputy ministor of lands.
A. N. Mount, of Edmonton, Alberta, defeated Liberal candidate for Pincher Creek.
Appointed coiitioller.
A. B, MeMII ("v.r ag< limit), prominent
Victoria Liberal. Appointed auditor of revenue.
F. H. Harrison, prominent Liberal. Appointed chief clerk in office of auditor of disbursements.
F, JI. Leemlng, prominent Liberal, of Victoria.    Appointed provincial assessor.
Frank S. hi. prominent Liberal worker of
Victoria.    Appointed assistant assessor.
Angus Galbraith, prominent Liberal worker of Victoria. Appointed clerk in offlce of
auditor of disbursements.
A, 0. Campbell, of Vancouver, Liberal
worker.    Appointed cashier In treasury,
Maxwell Smith (aver age limit), candidate
for Liberal nomination against John Oliver In
1916. Appointed chairman Land Settlement
board; and the following appointed members
of Land Settlement board:
Chas. R. Ward, of Cranbrook. Gave np
Liberal nomination to Dr. King.
Dnncnn H, Munro, of Terrace, active Liberal worker.
J. A. Macdonald, of Nanaimo, prominent
Liberal; cousin of M, A. Macdonald.
M, H. NpIi'iiih, of Vanconver, prominent
Liberal. , l
F. R. E, Dellart, of Kelowna, defeated
Liberal candidate.
A. Johnson, active Liberal worker, of Rev
Olstoko,    Appointed government agent.
—. Slewnrt, of Revelstoke, formerly sawmill tallyman. Appointed inspector of factories. Took netive part for Laurier candidate In late election.
James Stables. Defeated Liberal candidate, Appointed chairman nf sewerage
bonrd.
—. Wtlks. nf Wnrd 2 Liberal club. Appointed rhfef janitor Vancouver-court house.
E, A. Grease, of Nelson, ex-Liberal candidate.   Appointed police magistrate.   •
J. Patterson, Liberal Worker of Victoria
(over 00 yearn). Appointed purchasing
ngent.
J. A. Miircluson, prominent Liberal of
Ashcroft. Appointed government agent nt
Nicola.    Had never been in  service before.
—. Brakes. Liberal worker of Victoria.
Appointed chief janitor.
THE LATE D. G, McKENZIE
For many years a well-known workor In the
socialist movement ln Canada. For a con-
sidorablo period he wns secretory of thc
Socialist Party of Canada, and editor of Its
official organ, tho Western Clarion. Mr.
McKenzie died from blood poisoning at
Alberni, B, C, on Friday, Jan. 11, 1918.
Waltor Hepburn (over ngo limit), prominent Liberal of Vancouver. Appointed censor of moving pictures.
Harry Andrews, of Anyox. Actlvo Liberal.
Appointed government agent at Anyox. New
offico created for him.
Frank Burnott, Jr. Active Liberal workor
of Vancouver.   Appointed provincial assessor.
J. H. Doyle. Prominent Liberal; formerly
hotel proprietor, of Creston. Appointed
sheriff; of kootenay, In face of largo petition
in favor of Sergt. Qulnn, a returned soldier.
Dr. Mi S. Wade, Kamloops, ex-presidont
Liberal association. Appointed police magistrate.
A. B. Macdonald, barrister, of Cranbrook,
brother of M. A. Macdonald. Appointed
judge court of revision.
Wlnfield Maxwell, of Revelstoke, prominent Liberal. Appointed game warden in
.place of Ferguson. Was afterwards Laurler
Liberal candidate in recont federal election.
Alex. Forrester, of Nanalmo, secretary^
Liberal association. Appointed tax collector.
J. D. McNIven, ex-Liberal member. Appointed deputy minister of lnbor,
Archie M. Johnson, of Nelson, defeated
Liberal candidate. Appointed deputy attorney-general at increased salary.
Dr. G. A. B! Hall, ex-Liberal member for
Nelson. Appointed chief medical officer to
Workmen's Board.
E, H. S. Winn, of Rossland, prominent
Liberal. Appointed chairman of Workmen's
Compensation Board,
Hugh B. Gilmour, ex'Liberal member,
Vancouver. Appointed member of Workmen's Compensation Board.
Parker Williams. M. P. P. lor Newcastle.
Appointed member of Workmen's Compensation board.
E. N. Brown, barrister of Vancouver, active Liberal worker. Appointed adviser of
Workmen's Compensation board.
All other apointnientn to board positions
nre of Liberal persuasion.
H. S, Woods, prominent Liberal of Vancouver.    Appointed crown prosecutor.
Crown work has been confined to Liberal
lawyers since Brewster took office.
Andrew Blygb, late president Liberal Progressive Club of Vancouver. Appointed J.
P. and collector of poll tax.
Mrs. Lucy Patterson, prominent member
of Women's Liberal Club, Vnncouver. Appointed assistant censor of moving pictures.
(Now position to meet pressing political demands.)
Mrs.   Helen   Gregory   MacGill,   prominent
Liberal   worker,   of   Vancouver.     Appointed
assistant Judge Juvenile court.    (New position to meet pressing political demands).
I    Taxation commission appointed as follows:
J. B. McKilligan, Inte surveyor of taxes.
Prof. Haig, nf New York.
ff Thomas   Kidd of   Steveston,   late  Liberal
member of house.
W. G. Cainoron, of Victoria, late Liberal
member of house.
Many active Liberal workers all over the
province appointed to office with Increase! of
salaries over old officials.
No regard was'had to Civil Service Act,
and although the act was assented to at laBt
session, it has not yet been brought Into
force.
Thr large number of appointments being
made Indicates that the purpose Ib to get
them through beforehand, although the entire spirit of the act Is.being outrageously
violated In the meantime; for Instance, no
promotions being made In the service, but
appointments continually made of men who
had no previous experience.
Not a single Conservative, Independent or
Labor appointee since Brewster took office.
OF
IN I BON
OF
Old Roman Senate and the
Venetian Council of Ten
to be Outdone
AN APPRECIATION OF THE MULE
[By John Gabriel Soltis in The Voice}
O, mule, I know thee well. Thou art a
wise creature. Therefore do 1 bow1 before
thee Ir. simple adoration, for thou art noble
in thy profound wisdom. So strangely different, in contrast is thy intelligence to that
of the worker.
Well do I remember how in my youthful
days when the grass was wet with dew and
the morning glories and honeysuckle wore
still asleep, just as the large red sun peeped
in the east, I sought to delude you. Thou
wast grazing in the pasture, which was luxuriant with grass, I came to thee' In the quiet
hour of early mom, laden with an ear of golden corn, with which to tempt thee, and thus
throw thc halter over thine thinking head,
and drive thee to stable.
But thou wouldst not bite, O mule I For
well didst th.m know the golden corn was
but a snare.
Hadst thou been a worker, O mule, thon
woutdst not, I" nm sure, fall for the promise
or a politician. Thon art too wise) And
when I followed your slow, but steady steps,
behind a pl*w, thou didst refuse to bo worked to exhaustion. My sharp appeals for
spoed, thou didst answer with a violent thrust
of thy posterior limb. And when the burning sun had risen to meridian, and I sought
to cover another furrow, thou didst firmly
refuse to move. O noble steed I And when
the sun had sunk In tbe purple wost, again
thy intelligence wns mnde manifest unt.i me,
for tlmu wouldst turn homeward with plow
and me, without being told.
Should thnu be n worker, O mulr, I am
quite sure thnu wouldst not wreck thy Minus
becnuse nf scientific speed, as man does in the
mills, mines and factories. Thnu art ton
wlsol
And when the frost hnd come and turned
th? fields aud pastures Into brown desolation,
and the grass was no more, the fact that the
haystack was enclosed hy a fence did not
prevent thee from smashing the enclosure
and appeasing thy hunger in perfect mental
serenity. Thou couldst not comprehend the
logic of a haystack standing intact, while
thou dlflst hunger, O sourco of great illumination I
I shudder to think, O * mule, what thou
wouldst do, should>ou live In a legal society,
(n which man starves while food rots. But
that you would not starve, I am quite sure,
for thou art-a wise creature,
Therefore I, shall chant praises to thee, O
mule, forevermore, and compare thine wisdom
to' that of man.   For thou art wise.
Where to Sleep;  Where to Eat.
List of hotels and restaurants near
tho Lnbor Templo considered fair to
orgnnized labor:
Hotels — Hotol Cnstle, Granville
fltrcot; Hotol Canada Richards street;
Hotol St. Francis, Cordova street; Hotel Bt. Regis, Dunsmuir street; Hotol
Regent, Hnstings streot; Hotel Empire,
Hastings street.
RofltuurnntB — Orpheum enfe, 762
Granvillo streot; Delmonico cafo, 704
Robson stroet; London grill, 752 Robson street; Good Eats, 110 Cordova
Btreet; Martin's lunch, 660 Cordovn
street; Bergman's enfo, 326 Abbott
street; Allen'b rnfo, 2D Hastings streot
^ustj. Empiro cafe, 70 Hastings street
west; Post Offlce cafe, 724 Hastings
street wost.
Secure shares ln the Emporium Oompany. See advt. page 8. Offlce open
evenings until February 2. ***
A Greater Control Than
Ever Before Now in the
Hands of the Few
[By Frank Anstoy, M. P., in Melbourne
Labor Call.]
"A tremendously powerful financial oligarchy is developing in the
shadow of tbe war, the like of
which has never been known in the
world before — possessing more
wealth, more power, more control
over the destinies of the human
race than any class or caste ever
possessed. Beside this oligarchy
the old Roman senate and the Venetian councilor ten fade into insignificance. After the war the attitude of this oligarchy towards
the workers will bo ruthless and
terrible,"—T. Quelch, in London
Justice, March 16, 1916.
Tho great financiers are running
every government — irrespective of
party labels. In every country they
devise "ways and means;" they "advise," and governments are thoir executors. In every land, under ovory
party, the shackles of the most degrading slavery are being rapidly forged.
In every land the lcechery of tho bondholders becomes an increasing drain on
the vitality of the people. "What
use," said Chaumottc, "is a constitution to a nation of skeletons?" And
what use iB dehiocratic power, whoirijs
only result is thc elevation of mon who
complacently walk in the footsteps of
thoir predecessors, aping the manners,
using the language, and pursuing the
methods of the men they have derided,
denounced, supplanted and slavishly
imitntod? Thus we are faced with the
fact that tho ruling political party in
every land is a mere instrument of the
Money Bag, devising for Monoy^Bng
interests a national currency to be lent
back at usury to tho nation that created and sustained it. Such are the Morals of Robbery and the ethics of the
political jugglers.
Great Britain is flfow (1917) spending
3,000,000 pounds per annum on the war.
Y<et the more the banks lend the
stronger grow their resources. They
can lend ton, fifty, a hundred times the
amount of gold in thoir vaults, nnd yot
tho gold remains—the only limit on
"loans" is the" capacity of the people
to carry the load of interest.
The currency created by the nation
fo rtho salvation of the banks is loaned back to thc nation at perpetual and
ever duplicated intorest.
Thc "Round Table," in itB article on
"How Wars Arc Financed" ('Tune,
1915), said: a
"There must be sufficient time bf™
tween tho instalments of loans to allow the proceeds of the first to be expended by the government, to pass into
the hands of private persons and to
filter back to the banks before the next
instalment is called. If this condition
be fulfilled, the nation can go on fighting forever, as far ns finance is concerned."
In other words, if these conditions be
fulfilled, the banks can go on lending
for ever.
Thus currency goes out in wnges to
for the salvation of the banks is loan-
war, passing along the channels of trod?
back to the banks for the noxt instalment. Thus the circle is complete. To
the onlookers there is tt never-ending
procession of cash. It is financial legerdemain. By it nationB are deluded, defrauded and enslaved. Thus thousands
of millions are loaned, yet as much remains in the vaults of the great banks
as beforo the first ponny was floated. With every new war loan tho
"rate of interost," the rate of blacki
mail, upon the struggling nationalities,
is increased.
Thus in 1917 nil previous 2 1-2, 3 1-2,
4 1-2 por cent, blood lonns were convertible into 5 per cents, to nil subscribers to the "Groat Victory" loan'
float—ever rising patriotism of the
parasites.
After the War.
The war over, and the people under
tho burden of millions of interest,
profits flow onco moro into the channels
of industry at the higher rates of interest created by the war.
Out of the war will come forever annual dividends in the shape of intorest
upon thc money invested in blood. Por
this tho people must toil.
Oat of tho war will emerge I wo
classes—bondholders nnd slnves to tho
bondholders.
Lord Inchcnpe, president of the National Provincial Bank of Groat Britain, ant1 London director of the Australian Sugar, Shipping & Banking
combine, known as the Burns, Philip
company, said:
"The heavy taxation in which
Europo is involved to pay the interest
on tho money already borrowed, and
on the hundreds of millions yet to be*
raised, will pVess heavily on the people.
Their purchasing power will be reduced and their standard of life lowered."
England must recover herself in the
markets appropriated by neutral nations, by nations upon whoso industries
sit no war burden. Whatover goes to
the bondholders must come out of the
flesh and blood of the work people. So
"tho standard of life must bo reduced."
The arms of Brituin and France may
bo as triumphant as thoso of Rome in
the dayB of its greatest glory—yet tho
workmon of all the combatant nations
will emerge from the war ateepod in
such awful poverty, sueh abject slaves
of mammon, that they will wish they
wore dead.
All who como out of the war alive
must be bled dry that intorest monger-
ing vampires within the nation may ox-
tract from the products of toil hundreds of millions per annum.
Lloyd-Gcorgo, speaking in the house
of commons (Mny 12. 1015), Bnid:
"Distress, misery and wretchedness
always follow a great war."
The English finanoial journal, The
Economist.; commenting on the Lloyd-
George speech, said: "The standard of
life must bo reduced,"
In Australia interest and other
charges arising out of the war will increase the burden of taxation fourfold.
Productive and distributive costs will
be augmented, prices will riBe to the
level of the increased coBts, purchasing
powor will be correspondingly diminished. The returned soldiery, thrown suddenly upon a depressed and dislocated
labor market, will engender amongst
the wage earners an agonizing struggle
for existence.
"DistnesB, misery and wretchedness
always follow a groat war."
Awful iB tho price the workers muat
pay, bo that Shylock may get his
bloody "shontago." He will draw
blood from sweating brows and hungry
inothors all the days that God gives
them life. This wai weakens the workers and strengthens tho Money Bags.
This war means misory for the toiler,
and "much monish'vfor the bondholder.
This war makes the living workor a
slavo, and fills the treasury of Shylock
to overflowing.
Workingmen! You shall eat less-
have poorer food—shabbier clothes-
scantier furniture—fower pleasures—
and know more hardships than ever
you knew in all your days and generation.
You want to know "Why?"
Is it not plain? If overy year Shylock iB to draw hundreds of millions
moro in interest from his investments
on wasted lives and bloody slaughtor,
you who remain alive mast slavo for it
and pay for itl All your dnys shall bc
"mado bitter with hard bondage."
That is your future, workingmen. That
is what they mean when they say "tho
standard of lifo must be reduced."
The workors come back from tho
war doomed to toil and pay annual
tribute, not to the foreign feonquoror,
but to a small, exclusive, moneyed
clique within the nation—the kings of
tho kingdom of Shylock.
TIiobo aro tho "conquerors"—thoBo
"lords of finance." Boneath their
yoke nrnst men of all nations tread.
'/The hapless producer of wealth
goes forth into a night illuminated by
no Btnr—he travels in a desert whoro
tho ever retreating mirage makcB hia
disappointment a thousandfold more
keen."
Secure -shares in the Emporium Oompany. See advt. page 8. Office open
evenings until February 2. ***
SEMI-READY SUITS.
are the Expert Testomony
of careful Tailoring—England and Canada contribute
the cloth—expert specialize
ed tailoring the garment—
and there is no greed for
profit in the price in the
pocket.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
NEWS STANDS
Thn Federationlit U on sale in
Vancouver at the following news
stands:
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
184 Hastings Street Eaat
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Oorner Hastings and Columbia
McFADDEN NEWSTAND,
•422  Richards  Street
B. C. E. NEWS  STAND,
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Street
THODEY'S NEWS STAND,
Cor. Richards and Hastings
JOHN GREEN NEWS STAND,
205 Carrall Streot
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
Piano Moving
Phone na day st night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 401-5-6
Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fait. 2800       1620 Main Stteet
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNClI*—MEET8
first and third Thursdays. Executive
hoard: President, Q. J. Kolly; vice-president,
F. A. Welsh; secrotary and business agent,
V, It. Midgloy; treasurer, F, Knowles; ser-
geant-at-artus, J. F. Poole; trustees: 3. H,
McVoty, W. R, Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A.Hoover. 	
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES OODNOIIi—
Meots seoond Monday in the month. Preal*
dent,  Goo. Bartley;  aeeretary,  R, H.  Hee*
lands, P.O. Box 66.	
BARTENDERS' LOOAL HO. 676—MEETS
flrst Sanday ol eaeh month, Labor Temple.
Preaident, Jobn Martin, inanelal aeoretary,
J. Smith, 610 Holdon Bldg., Box 424, Phone
Sey. 2572; recording secretary, Wm. Mottt-
shaw, P.O. Box 424, Vancouver, B. O.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Union of America, Local No. 110—
Meets aeoond and fourth Tuesdays Is lh*
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President
L. E. Herrltt; secrotary, S. H. Grant, 1671
Alberni street, 	
BRICKLAYERS'   AND   MASONS',   NO.l—
Meets second and foarth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room S07, President, Chan. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W, S. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanclal secretary, W, J. Pipoa.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meots every second and (ourtfc
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatloy; flnanclal secretary,
G. Thom; recording secretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 7495.
BREWERY WORKERS. L, U. NO. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrat and third
Wednesdays of eaeh month, Room 802, Labor
Templo, 8 p.m, President, F. Graham; secre*
tary, A. K. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1738 Fourth
avenue west.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
every Monday, 8 |.ra. Presidont, A. Campbell, 220 Second street; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe street; business
agent, J, H. Carmiohaol, Roomi 212, Labor
Tomple.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; vice-president, P, Chapman; sec re tary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7496.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'8 UNION OF THE
Paoifio—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
487 Gore avenue.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
-—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.ra. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
sociatlon. Local 8852—Offlce and hall, 804
Pender streot east. Meets every Thursday,
fl p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kolly.
I. I.. A., LOCAL 38-82, AUXILIARY—
(Marino Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headiiuarters, 486 Howe street.
Meets first and third Wednesday, 6 p.m.
Secretary and businoss agent. E. Winch.
MACHINISTS' NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
, »nd fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President,
J. Wallace; recording seeretary, J. Brooks;
financial secrWary, J. H. McVoty, Room 211
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butchers' union, No. 643—Meets every
Tuesday evening, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.. President, B. W. Lane; recording secretary. E.
Lofting; financial secretary and business
agent, T. Anderson, Labor Temple,
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T 8. E.
& M. P. M. O.—Meets first Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Laho* Temple. President,
.1. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding secreUry. 0. A.
Hanson, P.O. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and Vicinity)—
Branoh meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Templo. Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant stroot; financial iee'
rotary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables street:
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
foint Grey road, Phono^ Bayvlew 2079L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, LOCAL
No. 188—MeeU second and fonrth Thurt-
days or oach month, Room 808, Labor
Temple. President, D. Hughes; vice-president, D. Hughes; flnancial-snc, L. Amos:
recording secretary, S. Gould, 2149 Georgia
street oast.
RETAIL CLERKS' UNION, LOCAL 979—
Meets In Labor Tomple every flrst and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078   MelvUla
SHIPYARD LABORF^S' UNION, NO. 1505
—MeeU seeond and fonrth Fridays of eaeh
month, S p.m., Labor Temple. Prealdeat, O.
Soama; recording aeeretary; W. Hard*. 446
Twenty-third street west, North Vaaewvar;
flnanolal secretary, S. Phelps.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
. ?Io-"3 P'°M« Division, No. 101—MeeU
Labor Templo, seoond and foorth Wednesdaysi at 8 p.m. President, 3. Hobble; vice-
president, fc. S. Cleveland; recording eeere*
"■7 .A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity attest
Phone High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main atreete.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' ~UW6lT~d?
America. Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Mnndav in each month. 8 p.m, Presl*
dent, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording seeieUry, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial seeretary, T. Wood, P.O.
BOX  ftOR.
OSHMAJi TEAMSTERS' AND OHAnj*:
rme_ union, Looal No. ««B—M««ta entr
Weineeiny at 8 p.m. Prooldfnl. W. 3.
Brown; biiiine.. agont, J. p. pMlc «ig
1 w.nty-flr.1 av.nno past. Phon. fair THR*
nn.ncial .eereterf, B.rt Shnwlor. 107(1 Rob.
>on ""■«"• E'ono S«7. 6«7». OtSee, Room
218, Labnr Temple,
TYPOGRAPHICAL ONION, wr~M«—
Meete le.t Sunday of encli month at 9
p.m Prreldent. W. S. ArmMronp: Ttee.
nmldmt, R. 0 Manhall; ■eeretar)'trpannr,
R. H. Ne«l«nil«. VO. Boj IM.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B O. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MEETS
In annual convention in January. Ereeu-
live olBom, 1917*18* President, J. Narlor,
Hox 416, Cumberland; vice-proiidenta—Vancouver: Ja». H. MoVet,, V. R. Mldfley,
Ubur Tempi.. Vietoria; .1. Taylor. Boi
1815, Vanconver leland; w. Head. SoiKb-
Wolllngtnn, Prince Rnpert; W, E. Tltomn-
■on, Boi Ml. x,.** WeatmlMlw: W, Yatei,
9.K. London etreet. Kootenay Dlitrlet: A.
Ooodw n, Bos 28, Troll. (>„„*, Ne„ Valley; W. B. Phillip.. 178 M.J'horion avenuo.
8.cri*tary*lre«.urer: A. S. Well.. Boi 1688,
Victoria, B. C.
VIOTOBIA. hXoX
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Couneil—Meet, first and third Wedaee*
day., Labor Hall, UU Government .treat.
■,*■••••• Preeldent, B. Slmmone; »lc«-
preildent, T. Dooloy, 1378 Denman itreet;
mcretary,  A.   S.  Welle,   Box   SOU.  Vlftrla,
l¥TOR^™N^-nuNl6lTlJF~UNOTl5
Brewery Workmen. Local No. 280—MeMi
at K. ol P. hall, North Park ttreet, on
the second and fourth Thursday! of eaeh
month.   Preeldent, E. Orr; seeretar*. W.
_E. Bryan, 2842 Scott etreet. Victoria,'B.C.
raw wigTimraiBB, b, c.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LBMUI
of America, Loe.l 784, Now Woetnlfirter.
Meeti second Snnday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Bra 4M.
PBIHOB RUPERT. B. O.
PRINCE ROPERT TRADES ANdTjSOB
Conncil—Moots second and fonrth Toel-
n J,B.. ea<*** month, In Carpenters' ball.
President, 8. D. Macdonald: secretary. W. E.
Thompson, Box 27l^rlnc*eRupert, B. O.
SOUTH WBLLPTOTOH, V, L
LOCAL UNION, NO, e'72, D\ M. W. of A.—
Meete secood and fonrth Sundays of eaoh
month; at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hnll. President Walter Head; vlce-preeldent, Andrew
rarker; recording seerelary, Jomoe Batsman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Macdonald; treoenr*
er. J, H. Rlchnrdenn.
■ TBAIL^B.  O.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 2B6—Meet, in Minors'
Hall, every Wedne.day. 7:80 p.m. President, H. Bell; aeoretary, Frod CanneU. F. O.
Ottwtr S., Trail, B. tt ■*"•". r- «•
PRINTING
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
Labor Temple Fren    847. MM OUTOIAL   PAPEB   VANCOUVER
TRADES  ASD  LABOB   OOTOOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoui ram uran aat-
UKBIA  FBDUATIOB  OT  LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 4.
EIGHT PAGES
.   VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 25, 1918
All the Resources W<
of DE. LOWE'S dental offices are at the services of
every patient, and all receive
Personal Service
and the
Best Attention
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look even better than your original teeth.
DR. LOWE'S prices, value considered, are reasonable.
lCSHE*«^,SrTOtW.,(Ccr.Abbot)VaiKOuVer-1>taD«%J444
January Sale
For the balance of tins month wc are offering many lines
ia Men's and Boys' Suits, Overcoats, Hats, Neckwear, etc,,.at
Greatly Reduced Prices
Save money by buying this month
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ONLY THREE DAYS MORE OF OUR
CLEARANCE SALE
This popular selling event is rapidly drawing to a close, and if you take
advantage of the extremely low prices, you have only three days to do so
GREAT SILK VALVES
Hundreds of yards of silks, vol*
vetB, velvet cords, etc. Values
to J1.25 it yard. CQ.~
To clear ut DOC
Another lot of better grades of
dross materials.   Values to $1.75
a yard.
Tt clear	
98c
CHIFFON TAFFETA   .
150 yards of navy blue chiffon
taffeta silks in shot effects, best
quality; 36 inches wide. Our regular $2.00 line and worth today
$2.50 per yard. <JM   ^Q
Sale price tylatV
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
! OBANVILLE STBEET
Hat Specialists
The HAT business is dur sole business, That means we can suit every
variety of taste—that we carry all
the favorite makes—thut we can fit
all heads.
Richardson & Potts Ltd.
417 Oranvllle St. Near Oor. Hastings
CHOICE SOFT FELTS A DERBIES
$3.00 to $6.00
THE LATEST THING IN OAFS
Sl.00 to $2.50
WABQBj
i.DJ.1'1 .U It A Nil * *T^^t
ICOFFEK
Vacuum Packed
It's Always Fresh
ASK your grocer for
NABOB Coffee. Because it is such a rich,
fragrant, delicious coffee,
really exquisite and al-
»ways of the same fine
quality. Blended, roasted
and vacuum packed by
Kelly, Douglas & Company, Ltd. Vancouver,
B.C.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grajte—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comos»Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
JMlltklk ll_
MACDONALO-MARPOLE CO.
.Phone
Dew
aio
Phone
Seumour^
ZIO
WWmWWW
1001 MAM STBBBT
s	
CITY OF GIT
Homeopathic Doses of Food
vs. Allopathic poses
of Currency
Patriotism Demonstrated to
Be a Far Cheaper Fuel
Than Coal or Wood
'x [By W. J. Curry.]
By the time you receive this I will
be ou my way home. There are fewer
people on Broadway this morning than
yoa would find on Hastings street at
the same time, and yet day and night
the low, rakish ears peculiar to this
thoroughfare, go grinding by every few
seconds. The faot is, that the mercury
records a temperature below zero this
morning, and even with the prevailing
shortage of coal, it is more comfortable
inside than on the streets.
I Bturtcd on ray habitual walk an
hour ago, but after going as far as
Fifth avenup, I decided that in such an
atmosphero, discretion was the better
part of valor, and beat a hasty retreat
to the old Marlborough House, from j
where I am writing.
Old King Coal is causing considerably
trouble here, Several hundred thousand
school childron of Greater New Tork,
are forced to shiver at home, instead of
attend school, and worst of/dll, it is
reported that many industries muBt
close down if these conditions continue,
whilo it is snid that one thousand
apartment houses aro without fuel. So
much for the blessings of corporation
control of coal mines and other public
necessities. Even state capitalism
might be an improvement on what we
now havo, and certainly could be no
worse.
We ore hearing now considerable regarding the conservation of labor, but
what strikes me forcibly is the vast
amount of mnn-powcr wasting its time
and efforts. Every hotel contains dozens of colored gentlemen and dnrk-eyed
foreigners—the conquering races of
America—aud all with thoir hands out
for tips. Yet to eliminate this class,
and the thousands who do nothing essential, would involve the disruption of
our precious social systom. True, many
may be forced to tight for freedom and
democracy, and probably will bo, but
war, after all, is only incidental and no
solution to the Labor problem. Besides
wnrriors consume or destroy even more
wealth than drones and lackeys do.
Ope.onljj has' to viBit these great cities
to realize tho immensity of modern industry and especially the anarchy in
production and oven more nnnrchy in
distribution,; wliich provails under the
competitive system. While hundreds of
thousands ef people in those cities are
always hungry nnd miserable, we see
here a vast labrynth of stores nnd
warehouses, whole blocks 'and streets
filled with costly luxuries, wonderful
tapestries, silks and jewels, works of
art, comforts and luxuries—the pro-
[ducts of labor of all lands; the toys of
the parasitic class, uniforms and accoutrements that stand for death and
destruction. And then we think how
great is tho power of modern labor, and
how rapidly slums and sweat-shops,
hunger and ragB, poverty and wretched-;
ness would vanish from the world if
only labor and social forces wero applied under industrial domocracy, and
if production for use were to replace
production for profit for that class
which is master because of its ownership. This is the great dream of the
Bussian Bolsheviki, and dreams which
nations dream como truo. But to the
world's rulers the seizing of land and
the appropriation of banks and industries for the people, is a hideous nightmare, for the habit might become international. Revolutions do not regard
national boundaries, and if private
property should surrender to tho instincts of the common people to rule,
whnt would becomo of the world'B rulers T—a terrible question, is it not?
Saving Food for Our Fighters.
In the homes, hotels nnd clubs of
the well-to-do people thero aro no
symptoms of sacrifice or economy for
our flght for freedom. I just finished
a lato breakfast, and all around me men
and women were enjoying the fat and
juicy things of this great land. With
a gentlo tip for tho curly-haired boy
A. S. WELLS
Secrotary-treasurer of the B. C. Federation
of Labor, which convenes in .Vancouver
next Monday morning.
who poured and sugared my coffee, my
breakfast cost nearly a dollar, and although it was tjufllcbnt for mc, yet half
the same sum would havo commanded
as much in Vancouver, If you think
that cats and skilled labor are high-
priced in B. C,, just take a trip down
here, and you will know what the high
cost of living really is; yet the average
workers get little more thnn they did
beforo the war.
The Philadelphia Bulletin of a few
days ago gave the official figures showing that the cost of living has increased 88 1-2 per cent, during the last three
years. Tho problem, as I seo it, is:
How do the common people live at all!
In these cities the wages of the average
working girl is said to be seven dollars
per week, and yot our chief prieBts, and
hypocrites in general, are constantly
casting stones at these victims of the
economic Bystem which they support,
and the representatives of capitalistic
Christianity are forever wondering why
tho working classes don't go to church.
It is safe to say that while I am writing here tens of thousands of men, women and childron aro in this city shivering with cold, and suffering for want
of food and clothing. And this is the
richest city of the world I
I sometimes eat at Childs' Cafe, a
sort of "whito lunch" plus white-clad
girls to serve you. In Child's, food
conservation and "patriotism'' are
worked to the limit.' "Eat less and
win tho war" is Child'b slogan, everywhere displayed, with Old Glory on
top. It Is a fact that in any of Child's
institutions food conservation is a stern
reality, and the thousands who oat
there must be underfed. I don't know
if the montality of the shop girls and
the clnss which patronize Child's Ib
capable of understanding the groat
economic question which involves them
so vitally, but if ao they should soon
be forced to consider thiB problem.
Twenty cents will go os far in the aver-
ago cafe in Vancouver as twice that
ainount would in New York at present.
Yesterday I ordered Bome bread and
butter and two tiny slices were brought
in. I inquired if this was a sample.
"No, this iB the order," replied the
waitress, apologetically. "You know
our Allies must be fed, nnd Mr. Child is
a great patriot/' '*He soems to bo
making us do the paying," I suggested, I then inquired if any butter went
jvith the broad. "There is your butter," said she, pointing to a miniature
platter near the bread. "Oh, I see it
now, but Mr. Child should'provide his
guests with magnifying glasses," I
said, "things would then appear n little
larger." She thanked me for the suggestion and agreed to transmit it to Mr.
Child, as he was so anxious to "serve
food for our fighters for freedom." She
then hurried to serve nnother guest
with the banquet of pnnenkes and corn
syrup, while I adjusted my higli-powcr
glasses in ordor to manipulate the
precious butter. Everything is in proportion with Child's. In New York
the sugar comes in the shape of a cube.
In Philadelphia it is dispensed in a tiny
onvclope in a quantity of au average
seidlitz powder. When I reached that
critical stage where I was called upon
to dump the sugar into the coffee without losing it, I remembered how the
atroeious Germans are ever plotting our
death and destruction, and for the
time being I envied the Christian
Scientist who fears no evil, who theoretically sees no difference between prus-
sic acid, typhoid Germans or sugar—
and I wished the war was over.
The Third International.
The plutocratic press makes us dizzy
trying to follow its contortions.   It is
now half supporting Trotzky, but only
becauso it cannot help it.    Never beforo wero thoBe eastern cities so seething with revolt agninst poverty plutocracy and hypocrisy, and this revolt iB
assuming intellectual proportions which
moans troublo for property rights if it
continues.   Yesterday's Call, the socialist daily, had a whole page devoted to
meetings and vnrious activities of   the
Socinlist Party in Greater New York,
and tho circulation of the Call is increasing by leaps and    bounds; while
the Jewish Forward goes over one hundred thousand copies a dny.   The socialists of New York elected five uldermen
at the late contest, and Morris Hilquit
polled nearly 160,000 votes, and snowed
under   the   republican candidate, who
was doubtless helped    td    defeat by
"Teddy the Terrible."   A'nd yet Hii-
quit ran on an nnti-war nnd   revolutionary platform.   No wonder the com
mon people were not entrusted with tho
issuo of war or pence at tho ballot-box.
Henceforth it is believed that tho various parties of   plutocracy will   unite,
and this will in turn clarify the issue
between tho mastors and their subjects.
In the groat mental revolt which precedes the overthrow of present property   relations, Russia leads tho world.
Tho Bolsheviki are wise in not taking
American love for    freedom any too
seriously. This morning's World quotes
the Petrogrnd   ProBB    discussing   the
"splondid idealism" of the presidont
as expressed in his lato addrcsa to congress.    Tho  organ  of tbt  Bolsheviki
says:    "Tho prosidont is tho head of
a rapacious American imperialism and
tho greatest hypocrite history hns ever
known."    This I think, is unfair to
the presidont, who is, after all, not the
ruler of    tho United Stntes, nnil the
poople of Bussia phould be horo in order
to reallzo what n lot  of liberty wo
really enjoy.   True some of them do
know this by experience,
Last Sundny I heard Emma Goldman
Bpoak on the Russian Revolution, in
Chicago. Emma Goldman, Bill Haywood, Kato O'Hnre and hundreds of
what Miss Goldman termed tho "American Bolsheviki," and some of our
Canadians, arc now undergoing in the
jalls'and penitentiaries of this "great
democracy" the snmo penalties, nnd
for tho snmo principles, that made infamous the Siberian drfngeons of old
Russia. We must remember, moreover,
that TufaEky, Goldman, Berkman and
scores oWotner Russians know by personal experience tho kind of "liborty"
we enjoy, and naturally they have enlightened their comrades in Russia regarding tho truo naturo of our boaBted
freedom.
(uaS9SF)     -fl-50 PER YEAR
PARTY'S PEACE
Calls for An International
Conference to Work
Out Details
Insists That Working Class
Delegates be Admitted
to Conference
[By W, Francis Ahern.]
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Dec. 27.—(Special
to The FcderationistJ.-r-At a recent
conference of the New Zealand labor
party, peace proposals were discussed,
and the following proposals put forward: "That as the governments of
Europe have failed utterly to preserve
I peace, or to bring the present war within mensurable distance of a conclusion,
we contend that only by an organized
system of production for use,under democratic control, can a recurrence of sueh
calamities be permanently avoided.
We therefore urge that immediate
negotiations be initiated for an international conference for the purpose of
arranging equitable terms of peace, on
which conference the working-class organizations shnll demand adequate representation and the inclusion of womon
delegates, and we further urge that the
British self-governing dominions (including Ireland) shall be granted separate representation thereon.
We submit that, in framing the terms
of a lasting penco, thc following principles shall be observed:
1. Tho right of small nutionB, including Ireland, to political independence.
2. That the European countries invaded during the present wnr be immediately evacuated, and their future
territorial integrity guaranteed; provided that the ownership of disputed territories shall be determined by a plebiscite of thc inhabitants, under the protection of an international commission.
This course would dispose of the Alsace-Lorraine, Poland and similar cases
on the democratic principlo that Jill just
government must rest on the consent
of tho governed.
3. That prior to the disbanding of
the combatant armies they shnll be
utilized, under international control,
for the restoration of thc devastated
territories, at the expense of tho invaders.
4. That whero an amicablo arrangement ennnot be reached by the peace
conference in regard to captured colonies and dependencies, such territories shall be placed provisionally under
international control.
5. That thc freedom of the seas be
secured on the lines laid down by
President Wilson in his speech at
Washington in May, 1018, in which ho
advocated: A universal association of
the nations to maintain tho inviolate
security of the highway of the seas for
the common nnd unhindered use of all
the nations of tho world."
6. The abolition of conscription in
all countries simultaneously.
8. The control of foroign relations
under a democratic system, based upon
publicity, in lieu of the prosent methods
of secrecy..
9. That thc existing machinery for
international arbitration to embrace a
concert of Europe, ultimately merging
into a world-wide parliament, as advocated by President Wilson in a recent
message to the United States congress.
■*" A PABLB
fBy Maud Powell]
The hen remarked to tho mnley cow,
As she cackled her daily Jay:
"Tt does seem ratlirr funny how,
I'm Kfi-.d for an .'erg a day.
I'm  a  fool to do it.  for what  do I Kelt
My   food  and my lodeinp.     My!
But   thn  noodle  rcIr  that—he's   the household pot—
And   he  nevor  hnR   laid   a   simile   egg  yet,
Not even when epga are high."
The inn ley cow remrtrked  to thn hen,
Ab she masttcfttcl her end
(That la. the row did), "Woll, what thru!
Tou nult. your nnmo Is mud.
I'm eood for eight cnllons nf milk eaeh day.
And  I'm irlvon  my stable   and  grub,
But   tho  parrot   bpIh  that much,   anyway—
Alt sho can unhide—and what dons she pay!
Not a  drllihln of milk, tho dnbl"
But tho hired man remarked   to  tha pair:
-   "Tou ret nil that's comtn' to yon.
The por-dln does trlrVs, and the parrot kin
swear,
Whlflh 1» hotter th'n ynu kin ao.
Ton [re newiMf, bnt what'* the ue
0' hewrtlllntr yoni" An\]v partt
Tour bourgeois—worklntt's yonr only excuio;
Ton can't do nothtn' but just produco;
What them fellerB doei is Art!"
THE CRAZY .BOLSHEVIKI
When tho Bolsheviki enmo into power
there wero mnny munition makers nnd
other profiteers in Russia who were
fiercely pro-wnr. Tho Bolsheviki immediately passed a law that anyone urging
war should be immediately conscripted
and put in the first line trenches.. Since
the passage of this law there has been
very little war talk in Russia.   4
Holding that peace is fur better than
war, the Bolsheviki have conscripted
tho wealth of Russia for tho common
welfare; precisely us most other nations
havo conscripted men for tho "common
welfare." In Russia tho workers just
tnke over the factories and pay the former owner wages as superintendent—
precisely as the United States government lakes possession of a young man
and pays him wages ns a soldier. A
young man is worth (as a man) some
$5000, Whether he hnd a business
bringing him #10,000 a year or whether
he was working for $2 a dny is wholly
immaterial—ho is drafted and now gets
$1 a day and "keep." That is exactly
the view of these crazy Bolsheviki—
whatever the public good demands. If
a man has several thousand acres of
land, tho Bolsheviki gives him all he
can work—and others go to work on
what the former owner ennnot use.
About 37 acres seems to the Bolsheviki
to make a fair sized farm—nearly the
same as Uncle Sum allows in irrigation
projects, where the unit ia 40 acres,
The mate of the Shilka, tbe Russian
ship recently in Seattle, says: "Already
when a soldier is accuBed of anything
ho is tried by his follow soldiers in his
company or regiment;, the sailor by the
men working on the ship with him; the
peasant by the village commune. Whon-
over possible, things aro left for the
people thomaclvcB to decide. The Bolsheviki want Russia to have real freedom and not a mere empty word. Even
tho bourgois press Ib not int offered
with, the Bolsheviki-contenting them-
boIvos with combatting the false arguments in tho columns of their pnpers.
Tho workers do not rend the capitalist
press to any extent, but the chief dnily
of the revolution, Krnsnniya Znnmiyn
(The Rod Flag) prints editions in each
cltv, and has a circulation of several
million copies."—W. H. K., Beilingham, Wash.
DICE LOADED 07ERBEAS  TOOl
War* Times Election Act Worked Out
as Intended,
'. ... the soldier vote overseas
wbb emphatic. It was bo nearly unanimous that it would have overcome a
strong advorao majority nt home, had
thero been sueh a majority.—Daily
Province, .Tan. 23.
Women's
Coats and Suits
BEINO  SACRIFICED   AT 00*
JANUARY CLEARANCE SALE
»
A veritable feast of bargains. Highest quality
of garments, about half you will pay elsewhere.
Fit, Styles, Colors and Fabrics right uf to the
minute. Come and see—have a try-on—let yoar
eyes tell you the story of unmatehable values.
COATS formerly (15.00, $17.50 and »18.90
now  813.88
COATS formerly $25, $35, $45 and $«5, .
 I       now only $18.90 to 131,80
"We Make AU We
Belli SUITS—very choice—reduced* to various
"We WU All We prioes from 818.80 to 839.50
564 Granville St
Opp. Drysdale's
Cut Rate Drugs
CY breaking the Drug Combine we have solved
the problem in Vancouver of the high cost of
living so far as your Drug wants are concerned.
Compare the prices and service at our stores with
what you have been getting.
Vancouver Drug" Co.
fThe Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
405 Hastings Bt. W. Phones Bey. 1968 ft 1966
BRANCH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 383S
782 OranviUe Street Seymonr 7018
8711 Oranvllle Street Bay. 8311 ft 17110*
112 Main Street Seymour 8088
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 ft 17330
Mali Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prlcee and service if
onr over our counter.  Address 107 Hastings Street West.
THE BETTER STYLES IN
MEN'S SHOES
The road to thc better styles and better values in MEN'S
SHOES is right through our doorway.
It makes no difference what your usual price for ShoeB m»y
be, you'll (hid the best values right here.
Tlie Best Shoes made at any stated Driee,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
*  666 ORANVIUE STREET
Wasteful Competition
in Public Utilities
"It required many years to convince the people of
America that theie were a number of very essential
public utilities winch could only bc conducted in a
manner iu thc long run satisfactory to all parties
interested when they were treated in practice as
they were in point of necessity, as natural monopolies.
"So long as competition was believed to bo tho
oidy feasible regulator of trade in a free community,
the people of the United States and Canada squandered hundreds of millions of wealth in futile attempts to maintain competition in the aame civic
centres between rival waterworks, gag works, street
railways, and, in their earlier days, telephone and
electric service plants.
"However, many years of civic corruption,
wretched services, shackled enterprise and forbidden improvements, financial embarrassment, company reconstruction, ending in serial bankruptcy
aud wastepapor shares, at last taught all those who
had any knowledge of business affairs that only as
natural monopulies could these enterprises bo properly conducted."
DR. ADAM SHORTT.
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Sey. '
6000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY January 25, 1818
1U.
Publlihed mn Frldiy morning by tbe B. 0.
FHUftUonlat, Limited
a. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
BobicripUon: 11.60 per year; in Vancouver
City. $2.00; to unions subscribing
in  a  body,  $1.00.
BiSPBESENTATIVES
Mew Wertmiiuter ~~W. «•%:»« ""
Prinoe Rapert—...B. D. Moodonald,, Box 268
Vietorii.—.  A. 8. Welle, Box 1588
FEIDA.Y JANUARY 25, 1918
THE FEDERATIONIST, being it-
Bfllt" without sin, is perhaps the
best quilted instrument in existence to castigate sinners and reprobate
thoir sinfulness. Not only is this modest journal without
ON THB SIN OFsin, but it is also the
AOGUMULATINQgrcatcst and most
WEALTH. competent   authority
on sin that tho world
hath yet known. And through these
columns do we most contentedly chron
icle. the obvious fact, not with that
egotism that is closely akin to a great
concoit, but with a most becoming mod-
osty that is bora of pious devotion to
*'tho truth, tho whole truth and nothing but the truth," coupled with a
Stubborn determination to promulgate
that truth regardless of tho -envious
flutter imto which shallow-pated and
small-calibre egotists may bo thrown in
consoquenco. And speaking about
modesty, who should know moro about
Mb own qualifications along thut lino
than the person himself; is thore amy
other certification of modesty, honor,
truthfulness, chastity or any other alleged human attribute or virtuo that is
worthy of rolianoo other than the word
of the person so charged! If there is
any other, produce it. If there is none
othor, what is the ubo of making all
thia fuse about it! We should not forget that we are oach and all taken literally at the valuation we set upon ourselves. Some have ono way of doing it,
and somo another.   So there you arc.
* *        *
But speaking of sin, doarly beloved
bnethrei, and moro especially ye of tho
horny and well calloused front paws,
and the equally calloused brain, thore
iB one sin above all others that many
of you are vohemontly denouncing during these most gloriously interesting
days, whon nobility of purpose, purity
of intentions, and tho loftiest of mo-
tivoB are impelling tho forcos of righteousness to givo the devil of greed,
autocratic rapacity and blood lust the
chase of its fifo adown the turnpike of
time, that requires bat slight scrutiny
to be disclosed us a huge joke instead
of a sin. And that alleged sin is thc
sin of "woalth accumulation." The
joket That is on you and I, brethren.
And when it actually comes down to
cases, that strong-in-the-back and wcak-
in-the head tribe to which we belong
(the working class) has afforded the
groundwork for all of the really worth
whilo jokiea in history. All of which is,
no doubt, according to thc divine plan.
* *'      *
Now aa to that "wca 11 h ami mu In •
tion" business. As Thc Federationist
has repeatedly pointed out, there is no
accumulation of food, clothing, shelter,
tools, machinery and that multitude of
other things that enter into tho daily
lives of tha inhabitants of the globo.
These things are produced, as they nre
used, from day.to day, and year to
year. Tho only factor that in any manner eaters into the production of these
things ia the labor of human beings.
There is nothing else to it. Labor does
it all. Ab all of thiB so-called wealth
is used up as fast as it is produced, tho
produotion of any given period, as, for
instanoe, of any given year, being only
aufficiant at the best to last until the
succeeding year's production arrives, it
stands to reason that this so-called
'' wealth accumulation'' cannot consist
of the things referred to abovo. It
must consist of something entirely different. Even the most cursory scrutiny
will disclose the fact that this alleged
"wealth accumulation" consists solely
of figures either upon currency, stocks,
bonds, debentures, doeds, mortgages,
band ledgers or other evidences of
dobt. AU of this so-called '' woalth'' is
debt against the futuro. It is all in
tho nature of an order upon the future,
and which the future is supposed, by
simple-minded people, to honor. In
other words, it is presumed that the
future will meet these obligations. Thc
"woalth accumulators" of today arc
eating at thc expense of the producers
of the presont time. They do nothing
moro useful than that of eating, wearing and enjoying that which the silly
working class aminbly bringH forth by
its toil and sweat, and brings its forth
for nothing at that. This is at least
ono place whero the joke comes in. The
"wealth" eaters really believe thoy
own that upon which they feed. As
tbe workers produce all of this wealth
—tho actual food, clothing, shelter, etc.,
—and between the workors and thoir
mssters it is all consumed as fast as
produced, nothing but these figures of
debt remaining to tell tho tale, it resolves itself into a simple process
whereby tho slaves produce the grub
while the mastors produce the figures
to show that though the grub was consumed it kas not been consumed. Its
immortality is assured by figures. And
both masters and slaves becomo obsessed with tho delusion that thoso precious
figures are "woalth," wliich the former
revereaco and glorify, nnd tho latter
reverence and curse.   Some joke that!
* *        *
BeUved bat simple brethren, what a
sublime joke we really are. Wo stand
in a olass by ourselves. No other animal ia all tho long category is so profound in simplicity as to fall for such
a fairy talo as that with which our
maBtefB tickle our long ears. We are
alone in our glory, thc glory of being
tho only ono of the anilnal family
sufficiently lacking in both instinct nnd
intolligonco to allow ourselves to be
fenced away from the food we croato
by aa array of figures that cunning
rogues havo conjured forth for the purpose. Thin fence of figures, though in
visible to us for thc most purl, holds
us securely away from the food, etc.,
though we may he in such close proximity to it that it gladdens our eye,
raiseth a grout hopo and longing in
our stomach, and tho Bavor thereof.
pleasingly ariaeth as a sweet InconHC
unto our nostrils. Yen, dour brethren.
we are doad oasy. Wo are tho only gold
brick that ever peddled   itsolf.   Our
simplicity and gullibility is of tho finest texture. It s all wool and a yard
est texture. It is a\] wool and a yard
sion. Wo aro a foot thick. Now all
hands' please rise and fervently curse
in unison that* sinful "accumulation of
wealth" that, figuratively speaking, is
the greatest joke in history. Then lot
.js turn around and take n good laugh
at ourselves ns tho butt of the joke.
SLOWLY but surely the spirit of rev
olution is winning its way nmong
the working people of the various
countries of tho earth.
BOLSHEVIKI The uprising of the
INFECTION workers and peaBanta
SPREADING of Russia hus been thc
most surprising and
heartening incident of the grent war
That open revolt upon tho part of the
oppressed mid robbed victims nf class
rale should break out and attain even
a smnll measure of assured success, in
a country under the iron heel of onc
of the most reactionary und brutal monarchies the world ever saw, is in itself un occurrence entirely out of the
ordinary. That this should happen in
a country notoriously backward in poli
tical development, and where the com
mon people hnd been held for centuries
in illiteracy nnd degradation by the ruling power, is marvelous indeed. Out
of these conditions, however, came the
Russian revolution and it came with a
clearness of vision nnd definitcness of
purpose, that hns startled the smug
bourgeois world out of its securo smugness nnd promises to awaken the sleeping and apathetic, woofers of other
lands to similar action. *
*        * ■* '
A year hus nearly pnssed since the
Czar wns east into innocuous desuetude
lending to eventual oblivion, by his
long outraged subjects. And while ull
sorts of predictions of dire disaster.to
follow such a startling innovation as
thut of the workors attempting to run
their own show and order their own
lives, every dny that has Bince passed
has marked a giiin in strength to the
revolution, until it now looks as though
it haB come to stay and its spirit Is to
be incorporated into tho political nnd
economic life of nil people and ull lands.
Of one thing wo) may be, sure, and thnt
is there is no other fnct in all the ruling
class chaos that stands out ns a veritable pillar of fine lighting the pnthway
to thc only peace that cnn be permanent, or that, is at all possible in this
world long mnde hideous by humnn
slavery, class rule and cluss rapacity.
There is no other sign post upon the
social horizon pointing the way to peace
than that movement which is now
typified in the Russian Bolsheviki.
Well may rulers nnd robbers hail its
advent with terrified squawks and
bourgeois souls quake with terror at its
probable triumph. For with thnt triumph their game of loot nnd plunder
will end. To these shrivelled souls a
genuine and prolonged reign of terror
looms threateningly in the foreground
of their affrighted vision,
* * *
Accumulating   evidence   is   filtering
thrnugh thc paternal censorship that
our mundane guardians hnve established over ub, to show that the revolutionary spirit of tho new time hns bo permeated thc atmosphere of the AuBtrian-
Hungarian empire that u repetition of
thc Russian nffair of a year ngo is imminent in that land And there .is more
than reasonable ground for thc assertion thnt every Burcouenn throne is
tottering and rocking upon its foundations beforo tho oncoming blnst of that
same revolutionary storm. The entire
joblot of crowns thrones nnd ruling
cluss totem polos dubbed kings, kaisers,
emperors, presidents and similar trash
is destined to be swiftly nnd effectively
swept down thc path already trod by
the Czar and his jag of junk. For the
storm that began in Russia as a com
Sarattvoly gentle zephyr a yenr since
aB now nsBumed the proportions of a
cyclone soon to becomo a roaring hurricane sweeping all before it. All of
which is but thc logical and forgone
conclusion of the ruling class wnr
nt present engulfing the world. Were
it not for that it would have been
fought in vain.
* *        *
The B. C. Fedoration of Labor convontion will be called to ordor in thiB
city on neit Monday. From what The
Federationist already knows of the temper of the organized labor movoment
of this provinco, and of at least a large
number of thcdelogutes that will bein
attendance, it is a safe prognostication
that the result of the deliberations of
the convention will do no violence to
the revolutionary movement expressed
by the Bolsheviki of Russia. The Federationist fully expects that a line of
policy will be followed closely akin to
that of what is now thc ndvance guard
of the Labor movement of tho* world.
All labor trails now load to the revolutionary goal of the oppressed proletariat of all lands. Thc trail of nny nl-
loged section of the working class that
does not lend directly there may be
classed of the reaction, nnd its name
should be n hissing and a byword in
tho mouths of nil slaves seeking freedom, and a stench in the nostrils of decency nnd progress. The B. 0. Federation of Labor will not be found in the
camp of reliction. We may be sure of
that.
from the columns of which we draw authoritative information upon the subject of stabling accommodations for
"low-paid" wage animals. Thero being "low-paid" ones implioB that there
must also be high-paid ones, else why
the distinction. It may be, however, a
distinction without a difference.
According to our nuthority, a National Housing conference was held in Ch,i-
their owners and masters. All of which   being rated in tho category of merely
is as it should be. usable animals by their lords und mas-
#        ^ ,. tors, and being treated with oven less
consideration   than   horses,  dogs   and
Happily it  may  be  recorded  that  catti0j by tnoao Bame ma8ters and their
thore is another animal, though not a   vassals and puppets, the workers still
quadruped that is Ukcwiso useful in his   cannot see that they are nothing but
■        <t *.    i    .    .        j   slaves, it is really a matter of wonder
0ul5r1lr*I2(i.anVvh°*1Srtal8K*"^ what sort of a jSt will be required to
altogether friendless. This is the biped awakon them aid open their iyes» A
commonly known ns a wage-earner,.His J   ,t b,   ,   L       ft„fir moat
welfare doss not eom<>,.;,s true> within fl . habitati„n. _ square one with
the scope of ho 8 PC. A., Proton: , *.,. t that An^ ffl pr„llnity
ably the articles of faith of that most _ { hbabitaton t„ ..eenJt^.. /r
worthy and commendable organization; ovon     {mW ■_ f M     »      „
were never calculated to cover the case  ,)C t      , Preferably the latter.
and salve tho miseries of any animal;  3
not constructed upon tho plan of a leg i .««»   »«.« nnTTmTm
upon oach corner.   This bipedal wage- j LABOB AND POLITICS.
earner, and more especially what is, ,.„, , , ~*~; , , _, ,,
tnrmml thn "Inw nnU w(.m> pnmnr " j Tno niiniiiter of labor in the British gov-
termed tne low-paid wage-earner, ! ernment, a H. Roberts, M. P., recently made
has plenty of friends who arc laying 8orae very pointed remarks, which havo a
awake nights trying to so shape the I still more direct application hero in Canada,
nmla nf liin dnstinv iih trt iihIipt him into ; unon lho futur« « th" labor political move-
onus or uis destiny as to usner mm into | m(,nt M Bffected by tbe war< A<lur«ssing a
housing accommodations—or stable ac- . ]ftbor council, Mr. Roberts aaid that the
commodations   rather — at   least   ap-  Labor party had a great futuro before it,
nrnurhinir in comfort thrum nf tho r-nttln    provided it fashioned a war policy which was
proacmng in comtort tnoao or tne camo . ,)()th ntttionB, ttnd ratlonali h»t if It became
already reforred to. Just whero the dl- .imply & refuge for all sorts of disruptive
viding  line  between  "low-paid"  and   elements it was doomed to failure.   The La-
high-paid labor is to bo located is not bor .W**; mu8t b* » *!"1* «*>w* moM:
.-* ,l . Z .. .,, ,. . , ,, ; mont, and it must be alilp to considor and
clearly set forth, but that such a line, .,!„„ on rracticfti \inn_ if |t did that bn
exists is beyond doubt, for the formor looked forward to tho time aftor the war
torm ifl freely used in the Monthly Re- with a great deal of hope and confidence,
i-iti'n u j- tu'i.      ti *   The situation was rather critical. There were
view of thc United States Bureau of t 0ioments within the Labor party that -aecm-
Lubor Statistics for December, and , od animated solely by a spirit of destruction. They displayed solicitude for the nation's enemies, were anxious that we should
do nothing to hurt Oermnns after the war,
and seemed to wish to take them into their
arms. Yet thoso very people were always intriguing and conspiring and seeking to undermine and to turn out of the movement
those who had evidenced a patriotic spirit.
If the Labor, party was going to be associated in the minds of peoplo with anti-patriotic
forces it would never prosper.
It has boen a great misfortune that in
Canada tho official representatives of labor,
who havo spoken for it at moments of crisis,
have been, with bat fow exceptions, of the
type so vigorously condemned by Mr. Roberts
cago in Oetobor last. A lnrge number \ — »« *«««» desire it was to encourage dls-
e °  , ruptivo innuencoB.    The result has been dis-
of notables attended. As the title sug-1 astrous not only to the political ambitions
gests, the conforonce dealt with stab- of '»»>« loadors, but to tho union government
P-„™ mn. n;„™ i£ ..„,. „.„*„..    .,««««   ■ n" well.    There should be in tho new par-
ling-or housing if you prefer—nccom-, Uimmt at ]eMt ft dozon labor   TepreBBntft.
modations for bipedal animals in bond-1 Uvea who would be, at the same timo,
nge, i. c, wage-earners, "low-paid" Mriendly to thef Unionist movemont. But
preferred. N„mor„„a paper, were'read | »£* ^ XeXlu^l', &_$£_}
by eminent personages, dealing with all ] put in nomination in constituencies which
phases of the intricate problem of how j might ho expected to elect labor reprcsenta-
i„  - „i*.:„„ii„ „i„Ki„ i, „„ „„**+i„ ;„ i tives,  rnnuidnteK who stood for programmes
to economically stable human cattle in that'tho mftjorlty of the oleotor£; mc]udinK
such a manner us to induce docility und a majority of labor voters themselves, re-
contontment  umong  them  and  at  lbe Karded as nnti-national, with the result that
qnmft    timo    allow    tho    oolf-Rnorificincr tftey were' without exception, defeated.    The
same time allow the selt-sacrincmg | mult of incompetont ie'ador8llip t„ that vory
philanthropists (capitalists) who finan- , important elomonts of tho nation, whose cooed the virtuous scheme to reap a Biiit- operation in essential if tho country is to
ablo reward for the exercise of their "Sj^d"^1™^^^?0'1, wI11 not bo
bplendid talents nnd undoubted gall, as
well as for their habits of abstinence—' * :;!        *
(from work)—that hnd resulted in the
accumulation of sufficient capital—
(wind)—to mak* any sort of stabling
whatever, at all possible. The representative of a construction company Bet
forth the desirability of concrete for
stable building. Other concrete agencies aet forth the peculiar virtuo of
cheapness attn-jhed to the turning out
of dwellings upon a large scale by using standard forms.. Regular little concrete cubicles like the monks aso, could
bo turned out in grent quantities,
plenty, good enough for the "low-paid"
and a good profit could be renlized by
renting them nt $20 per month.
#■.#**
Mr. Allen, of the Aberthnw Construction Co., a concrete concern, without n
doubt, set forth tbe essential features
of "a worklngman's house," us follows:
"Water-tight roof, walls and floors; bedroom for parents; bedroom for male children;
liedrnom for female children; one or more
living rooms; private toilet with sanitary
water-closet and sewer connections; suitable
heatine arrangements; running water supply
Ht for drinking; kitchen sink with waste connected to sewer; uninterrupted daylight and
ventilation thrnugh windows in every room.
As not absolutely neressar;- he considered a
cellar, bathtub with running water, window
screens, and a separate parlor. Among improvements or additional luxuries he classed
porches, lavatory bowls, hot-water supply,
window blinds, window shades, separate, dining room, electric light and gas installation,
wall paper, laundry tnh and picture mnlding.
If a simile house is to be erected a square
house will be found to be relatively cheaper."
■ * * «
There is no valid reason for supposing that it was Mr. Allen's intention to
infer that a square house would bc a
more fitting dwelling place for a square
head, than any other, but Btlll his men
The. above, from the Manitoba Free
Pross has been a^nt to Tho Federationist by a subscriber. We take it that
it comes to us with u two-fold mission.
As a gontle rebuke for thc well-known
obtusonosH of this journal in advocating, in' season nnd out of season, labor
representation in the parliaments of
tho world, upon strictly drawn class
lines, and eternal warfaro against the
ruling cluss und nil that it stands for,
in tho one case, und us u polite hint
us to thc propor course to pursue, in
the matter of labor representation, so
as to insure tho hearty approval of governments and receive their blessings, in
tho other. But there is onc thing that
should never bo overlooked. Whatever
your enemy advises you to do, you
should studiously avoid. Whatever
there ib in your conduct or line of
action against him thut meets with his
commendation, must be something
which redounds to his own interest and
militates against your own. Otherwise
it would meet with condemnation rather than commendhtion.
Now it bo happens that thc interests of rulers and those over whom they
rule are diametrically opposed at all
points and at all times, And those same
rulers have never yot been known to
tnke into their confidence and council
thoBe over whom their rule is exercised, except for the specific purpose of
advancing their interests as rulers.
That this implies a purpose inimicnl to
the interests of thc clnss that is ruled, j
goes without saying. And it would bc I
impossible that rulers should act other-
wise, unless we are to attribute to
them that peculiar form of mental un-
balance known us suicidal mania.   No
Count Luxburg, the German ambassador to Argentne, who recently attained notoriety through being caught with
tho goods on him, is now said to be violently insane. No evidence has been
shown, however, to indicate that ho'is
any more so than tho rest of tho officialdom of the ruling class of all
countries. He may be a Uttle more
erratic in his madness than some of
the rest, but that is about all that is
possible.
Cities foed, clothe and shelter nobody. The inhabitants thereof are fed,
and their clothing arid shelter made
possible only by the workers' of thie
eountry districts. Nine-tenths and more
of tho inhabitants of the great cities
never perform an essentially useful service during their narrow livies. Tho
great bulk of the production carried
on in these cesspools of ruling class hell
is entirely foreign to that of tho really
essential things of life. Thnt largely
accotints for tho pure and bracing
moral and ethical atmosphere peculiar
to these congested districts of population.
There is at least one good thing
about "collective bargaining," that
ideal labor attainment according to tho
Gompcrian code of worthy achievements. It clearly points out that
"froo" workerB, oven on masse, are
compelled to haggle in the market in
order to be allowed the privilego of
feeding themselves. Surely nothing
further Bhould bo required to clearly
demonstrate their slavery, a slavery
even worse than that of chattel days.
The chattel slave never had to hagglo
in the market for his living, any more
than the horse or mule huve to do bo
today. The dignity of haggling cithor
singly or "collectively" has been reserved for the "free" Inborer in tho
ruling class vineyard.
The Washington government has approved of plans to import sixty thousand Porto Kicn negroes to be employed on ruilrond work. The importntion
of this merchundiso will not appear in
figures swelling "our foreign trade."
This sort of importation does not count
in that wny. These negroes are property, but carry no exchange vnlue.
Their function—like thut of all workers—is to create exchange value for
others. The exchange value thus created takes on the garb of figures, nnd
struts the stage of .events as "accumulated wealth" in the hands of those
who are udopts in the art of accumulating that which others create. It constitutes "our trade," "our commerce"
and "our democracy." The niggers,
black, white, brown and yellow, are thc
property of thc ruling class of the
world. Tho flag that for tho moment
floats over them iB the commercial emblem of the nntionnl gang thnt is entitled to tan their hides for the time
being. And it is all right so long as
the niggers don't kick.
In the mnil number of "Thc Call",
appears an interview with Jean I*on-
guet (grandson of Karl Marx), tho
prominent French socialist. "Asked
as to the attitude of the French soldiers towards the wnr, Longuet ropliod:
"When they are told thut English soldiers break up peace meetings they
ennnot iindorstand it at all. Thoy wonder if those soldiers havo dropped from
the moon. They arc convinced that
they could not have been to the front.
The overwhelming mnjority of tho
French soldiors are with us in our
struggle frir peace. I have received
thousands of letters from tho front expressing pleasure at my attitude, and
asking me to be more energetic in my
efforts to bring nbout nn end to the
war. Many of those letters have como
from men who belong to my own constituency. I have not received a singlo
letter of protest. There is much grave
unrest in the French army. I have
henrd also from reliable sources that
similnr unrest exists in tho German
army. Men from thc front hnve told
me of demonstrations whon the Gorman soldiers have shouted: 'Long livo
Liebknecht and down with the war.' "
—The International.
IT 18 A positive ploasuro to know
that those animals, the horBO, tho
dog, lhi! cow, the sheep and tho
mule, those faithful slaves of man, are
not altogether without friends. Even
outside of the Socie-
PEOVIDING ty for the Proven-
SHBLTEtt FOR tion of Cruelty to An-
ANIMALS. imals thoro arc many,
vory many in fact,
who possess such a sincere admiration
for thc noble qualities of the aforesaid quadrupeds, and more especially
for thc edible qualities of at leaat
some, of them, that they are prone to
trout thom with great kindness during their lifo poriod, and in somo instances even go so far as to indulge
in earnest gastronomic ceremonials ns
nn attcstntion of their grief at, the
passing of these noble ones into the
liimvonly pnsturcs of tho animal
heaven beyond the clouds. Tho housing accommodations provided upon
up-to-date dairy farms for cattle and
horses are well worthy of note and
admiration. Ho built und equipped as
to be warm in winter nnd cool in summer; well lighted and ventilated; cement floors nnd mnngers, nnd eneli
animal provided with BopnratO drinking
nip constantly supplied with running
wnter; toilet accommodations nt the
vory best, nnd a nnifurmed (overalls)
attendant to «crve out balanced rations
ui regular and frequent Intervals, and
to gently but firmly enforce till sunitnry
regulations, makes life In those dwellings a continual round of sweet content
to thi1 fortunate occupants. And, needless to add, all other four-footed nni
malsare, ns a rule, well provided fnr by
tion of it is rather significant.   It may | governmental    policy or measure was
be readily seen thnt the gentloman is j ever yet put forward that could serve
absolutely abreast of thc times in re-  tho interests of both rulers and*ruled,
gard to the proper stabling of animals, i Wie might as woll got that fact clear in |
It will be noted that he has closely fob ! our minds.   The workers of thc world
lowed thc most up-to-dnte practice in j —tho woalth producers—constitute the
dairy farming an animal husbandry. No , class that iB ruled and robbed.   Every
requirement thnt is necessary to tho i agency of government is directed to the i
comfort and general welfare of horses; sole purpoBO of maintaining and mak*
and cows, has beon left out of Mr. Al-, ing  -effective   that   rule.   That is all I
Ion's calculations.   To his credit let it | there is to government.   That is its be
bo said that he has, no doubt wisely,   all and end all.   Whenever govornment
mado   additional   provisions   whereby , calls into its council representatives of;
male and fomnle children of a working j the enslaved class, it can do so for no
animal mny have sepcrate stalh for , other purpose than that of using such
sleeping purposes, the males in one and '. representatives to placate and render
tho females in the other.   Thnt is Bomo- i docile thjjir following,
whnt of an improvement over a barn, i * *        *
where in mnny cases there is litle in -     .   , ..,,,, , __'\
tho way of sex privacy assured. Lot it \ « w positively ludicrous to see the ,
also be noted that Mr. Allen hns plnced paid press of thc ruling class bewailing
as among the unnecessary things, ex-1 the "great misfortune" that the of-1
actly those* whieh would be manifestly! ficial representatives of Labor in Can-
unnecessary in a cow stable. Thingi no nda have heen of the "wrong type,"
such n stable decked o,it with "bath- It is more than significant that the
tubs with running wnter, window I Free Pross speaks strongly in fnvor of
screens nnd a separate parlor." Posi- the type of labor representative like G. |
lively ridiculous, nnd of course, equally   H. Roberts, M.P., whose conception of
ibor conduct is evidently nlong
war policy both national
wage'earner."   Anybody can see that,  and   rational,"   I,   e,,   along the line
And nlso the luxuries, such as "porches,   of the present   war policy of    every
lavatory bowls, hot wnter supply, win- j govornment on earth outside of Russia,
dow   blinds, window   shades, separate  Small wonder thnt labor men, possessed
dining rnnm, electric light nnd gas in-   of such disposition to docile nnd sane
stallntion, wall paper, laundry tub, nnd   conduct, should moot with favor in the I
picture molding."   Just as no horso or' eyes of the prosB apologists and defend-,
cattle   owner would    be  silly enough ' ers of tho present eminently sane ordor
to equip his stock barn with such nonAof civilization.   But to thoBe who know j
sonBienl junk ns thot, so with nny son-j that tho interests of thJLWeftlth pro-
sible owner of livestock, oither of two i ducers of the earth cannc^ps conserved
logs or more.   Fancy an niumnl stable | excopt at the cost of tho entire elimin- \
equipped with "window blinds or win-  ation of tho class rule and robbery that
sn in connection with the stable of nny proper Lnbo
other nnimals including thc "low-paid   the lino of i
dow shades," if you can. It is time
for animals to go to bed when it becomes so dark that it would bo possible
for anybody to peek through n window
anyhow. And besides why should any
animal care who looked cithor in or
outt
*        *        *
forced npon them by government,
that type of labor representative and
the "national and rationnl" policy of
docility to rulers and their governments, will oxcito nothing but disgust.
And therein lies the reason for tho
alarm of the capitalist presB and the
causo of its tearful bewailing over the I
"grent misfortune" thnt looms omin-,
ously in tho foroground of its affrighted vision, nnd that is announcing its
approach through the attitude of a la- j
bor movement thjit will no longer lay '
down in abject humility to thc snphis- j
trios and hypocrlBicB of those who rule
and rob.
Richard Henry Dana, jr., a New York
architect, got right down to the heart
of the matter in an able paper setting
forth in most eloquent language, that
"as land is a large element in the final
cost, 'Undesirable' lund should be
sought in'tho unfnshionnblo side of the
town; land noxt to a cemetery or railroad tracks; und land either sloping or Senator Lodge grandiloquently de
low, und not ever five minutes walk to claros from the Bonnto floor thnt tho
some hienns of transportntion." Thnt Ufe of Boosevclt Is an "open book."
this sort of n location is to made at-1 The senator evidently meant an opon
trnctive  by the f'planting" of grass, j bazoo.
shrubs, trees, etc.," does not obliterate 	
Iho fact, that exactly tho snme material ; One hundred conscript soldiers have
interests dominated the thought of nil j been court-martialed at Camp Merritt,
concerned, that dominates in nny other' N..L, for hnving disapproved of thc
cold-blooded business proposition deal- pnesont war and terming it "a game
ing with bipeds, quadrupeds, nnd nil of the capitalists, in which thoy were
other things thnt are bought, sold, stn-! the pawns." Home of them woro dis-
lon or otherwiso appropriated by the honorably discharged, and othors sent
ruling class in modern society. If, in! to federnl prisons for having thus in1
the light of snch revelations and in the j dulged in "democracy" of tho wrong
face of such overwhelming evidence of   brand.
\
Pattern Makers' Social.
The Pattern Makers' association of
Vancoavo rtomorrow night will give a
dinner and social at Eagles' hull, nn
Homer streot, beginning at 6,30 o'clock.
ROYAL CITY TRADES
AND LABOR COUNCIL
Officers Elected for tba Ensuing Term
After Keen Contest.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Jan. 24.—
Tho Royal City Trades nnd Lnbor
Council had n very interesting meeting
Inst night, when the election of officers
and the delogate to the B. C. F. of L.
convention took placo. The contest for
delegnte to the convention resulted in
II. Gongh being elected by n majority
of two votes,
Election of officers for the ensuing
term resulted as follows:
President, H. W. Oough, shipyard carpenters.
Vice-president, Peter Wilkie, machinists anion.
Secretnry, W#Yatos, street rnilwny
mon.
Trensurer, T. O'Brien, civic employees.
Sergennt-nt-Arms, W. Banks, street
rnilwny men.
Trustees, R. Groves, shipyard carpen-
tors; J. T. Fecny, cigarmakers; H,
Knudsen, cigarmakers.
All thc offices were keenly contested except the secrotary and treasurer,
which wont by acclamation. The office
of president had five candidates, and required five ballots being tnken bofore
any one had a majority. For sorgeant-
at-arms thoro were sovoral ballots
taken, nnd as it still resulted in a tic
vote the election was decided by a
drawing of lots.
Tho reports of unions showed there
was a satisfactory condition of omploymont at present, all unions except
the shipyard men reporting jnon scarce
and all members working, but tho shipyard carpenters did not see any ovidenco of a shortage of motn, ub there
were dozens turned nwny from the yard
every dny without securing jobs.
Severnl items of instruction wero
given to the delegato to tho convontion,
the most important ones boing the
abolition of property qualifications for
civic offices, und an amendment to tho
bv-laws rf tho Federation which would
allow delegntcs to be Pent to the convention from unions not nffilinted with
the Fedoration, This Inst mutter was
tho subject of nn animated discussion,
but finully carried by a bare majority,
Tho necessnry stops wore tnken to make
u protest ngninst any incrense in Asiatic immigrntion into Canada such ns
is bong advocated ut present by some
intorests at Ottawa,
Birks' Buying Advantages
For the five Birks' atoreB across Canada, BirkB' Diamonds
are bought direct—without middlemen's profits. Each stone
ia personally selected from among the highest grade dia-
monds procurable.
Our patrons share these unique advantages, and also
have the benefit of our broad guarantee of quality and
value,
Henry Birks & Sons, Limited
Geo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Granville St.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades aad Lahor CouncU.
January 27, 1893,
J. MarshalBay, W. Woodley and J.
Harrison, building laborors union, and
W. Pleming, amalgamated enrpentera,
seated aa delegates.
Fedoral governmont petitioned aB follows: (1) That poll tax'on Chinese bo
raised to $500, and annual tax of $100
be imposed on all Chinamen in Canada,
(2) That the initiative aud referondum
syatem of voting bo adopted. (3) Thut
importation of alien labor under contract be prohibited.
Favored city chnrter being amended
bo that a voter cust his vote for mayor
and alderman in ono ward only.
Favored hotel bars being closed during polling hours; also thnt city clerk
be elected annually.
Wm. Towler occupied tho chair.
TBE OUESE OF THE PRESS
I am bRglnnlng to seriously thing that tho
promt Ir a curse. Th«r« waB o time whon
journals of roputo woro conducted by thoir
editors, and whon thoso editors woro mon of
high inornl courage nnd independent minds
With but raro exceptions, tho pross of tho
world today has become t, mere instrument
in tho handB of unscrupulous exploiters. Its
power is now* used, not for the creation of a
healthy publlo opinion, op for tlie real uplifting of tho masses, but to serve the selfish
ends of a small band of adventurous capitalists. *
Tako tho avorago Australian daily "news-
PBPor. It is the proporty mainly of a
handful of investors who aro personally interested in turning the existing economic
system Into a good and permnnent dividend
producer. Thoy are financially concerned in
many other ventures, and their paper Is used
to further the pecuniary Interests of lho class
lo which they belong.
Theso organs ure entirely devoid of courage. The editors dare not touch on questions
which would imperil the profits, or rufflo the
complacency of their omployers. They satisfy their consciences by leaving all "unpleasant" topics severely alone. And thoy hire
hardshell Tories to do the writing Jobs which
they know must lie done by someone to
pleaso tho bosa.
Of courso, care in tnkon to see that the
journalist placed in charge is himself a
"safe" and "suitable" man. But the whole
thing is a sham and n pretence. The modern
daily newspaper is a gilded fraud. Its parade
nf independence and impartiality In an Imposture and n snare.—C. \V. R. in Australian
Worker.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited '
Secure shares ln the Emporium Oompany. See advt. page 8. Offlce open
evenings until February 2. ***
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jan. 27—Typographical Union, Saw-Filers' Asso.
MONDAY, Jan. 28—5. C. F. of
L, Convention, Boilermakers,
Steam Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Patternmakers, Amnl-
Engineers, Iron Workers, U, B.
Carpentors No, R17.
TUESDAY, Jnn. 20—B. 0. F. of
L.  Convontion, Butchers   and
Ment Cutters.
WEDNESDAY, Jun. HO— Trndes
aud Lnbor Council Smoker, B.
C. F. of L: Convention, Team-
stiers nnd Chauffeurs, Metal
Trados Council.
THURSDAY, Jan. ,11.—District
Council of Carpentors.
FRIDAY, Fob. 1 — Minimum
Wage Lengue, (Musb Meeting)
Ruilway Carmen, Lotter Carriers, Molders, Pile Drivers and
Wooden Bridgebuildors, Civic
Employees, Warehousemen.'
Secure shares in the Emporium Oompany. Bee advt. page 8. Office open
evenings until February 2. +**
J. Bdward Sttri     Offlce: say. 4146
SEARS & PATTON
Btrriiteri, Solicitors, Conveyuctri, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouvor
Vonconver Offloo: 516-7 Rogera Bldg.
VAWOOUVBB, B. O.
THE XNOORPOBATBD
1865
BANK OF
TORONTO
A»«tS  $84,000,008
Deposits    63,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persona. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hastlngi and Gamble BU.
The Bank of British North America
EitaMMud la list
Rrinchp,  tbrongfaont  fttnid.  ind  et
NEW YORK, SAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Omntt Sipartmnt
-SAVE TOttB MONEY—
0. H. BTAOBY, Manager
OranviUe and Fender
STAB? A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away jour spare
cash in any old corner where lt la
in dangor from burglars or.ire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon perfect safety for yonr
mosey, and will give you full
banking service, whether yonr account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. 0. JOY, Manager
Hastlngi and Oarrall
Secure shares ln the Emporium Company. Seo nrtvt. page 8. Olllce open
evenings until February 2. •**
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital Paid-up  * 12,911,700
Rosorve Fund and%ndivided Profits    14,564,000
Total Assets   335,000.000
HEAD OFFI0E, MONTBBAL
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, WeBt Indies, eve., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
'     SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, ovary payday.  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal. FRIDAY...
.'..January 25, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
CITV  AMUSEMENTS
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of January 28
"SOME
BABY"
Thegfunniest show on
earth
Nothing but Fun
Two and a half hours'
solid laughter
9 	
Order Your Seats Now
Prices—15c, SOe, 40e
ORPHEUM
WEEK Of JANUABY 88
WILL M. BLANCHE
OBESSY AND DATNE
In Mr. Greny'i Satire on Newspaper
Life, entitled "The Wyoming Wlioop"
PAUL    NAOMI
MOBTON AND SLABS
SOARPIOFF AND VABVAEA
Russian boy tenor, Master boy pianist
ELIDA MOBBIS
_t___ Q8BOSNE
ZIEOLBB SISTEBS
Evenings:    16c,  SOe,  40c,  65e,  80c
Matinees:  15c, 20c, SOe, 56c
"THE BAOHELOB DINNER"
PBESOOTT—PijehiC
Otber Big Features
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWBLVE NEW TABIJM—
(BruniwlokBilke Oollender On.)
—Headquarter, fer Union Hen—
Union-made   Tobaceoi.   Cigars   snd
Olfarettes
Only white Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
AROUC!
M
lw Re^nljoFc
oooo.
Royal Stove Repair Works
Repairs for all Stoves* Colls and con*
motions, ranges and furnaces, plumbing and gaf. fitting
New  and  .eeond'hand stoves  bought,
sold  and exchanged
Phone Sot* 60E0      1114 OranviUe
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Oreamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
Conclusive Proof That Big Interests
*******
*******
*******
. *******
Back Plots to Import Chinese Coolies
Prominent Local Business Men a Few Days Ago Met Federal Members and Laid Proposition Before Them
—Favored Coolie Competition in Industries
Despite All Secrecy Maintained Facts of Nation-Wide
Plot Are Becoming Known, and Names of Those
Backing Movement Are Being Found Out
That the attempt to throw down the
immigration bars for the entry of cheap
coolie labor from China iB a schemo of
the Big Interests, and that it was
hatched a considerable time ago, is a
faot which now is generally accepted
by the public, which for a time was inclined to consider that the proposal was
newspaper talk by reason of the fact
that should this plot bo successfully
consummated British Columbia will bo
a pretty tough place for a whito man
to live in. Onc of the chief conspirators, locally, is F. W. Peters, Canadian
Pacific r«lway superintendent for the
west. Mr. Poters; with several'othor
representatives of thn Big Interests of
Canada, who, by the way, were responsible for tho eloction of the so-called
Union government at Ottawa, has been
working hard in connection with the
coolie scheme, and it is reported that
the other day Mr. Peters mot certain
of the newly-elected membera of the
Dominion parliament and placed the
proposition beforo them, though with
what result remains to be aeon.
A storm of protest has roachod Ottawa from all ovor Cnnada, for it is
recognized now that the talk thut
coolie labor is required on farms and
to holp pull up rails on the C. P. R,
is all subterfuge. What coolie labor
really iB wantod for is to replace white
mon in industries of thc country—conl
mining, motal mining, lumbering, logging, shipbuilding, and, as a matter of
fact, to replace whito men in overy line
of business in which the Big Interests
of the country are represented.
The B.C. Fruit Growers' association
hns fallen for thc proposition, evidently, for at a convention in Victoria
Inst weok the subject of coolie labor
was discussed, and the majority of the
delegates were in favor of it. To get
thoir crops harvested cheaply they
would bo willing to flood other industries with a class of labor which would I
reduce the prico of labor to a point
whore a white man had just as well
leave his' own country.
At the B.C. Fruit Growers' convention that body of cheap-labor experts
votod in favor of indentured coolie
labor thirty-five to three, but there was
one honest man among theor.
From hiBiwenty years' experience of
life in China and his close understanding of the Orfeatal, hts attitude towards
the whito races, and his vision of the
future*, J. Huntloy of Penticton, urged
with eloquence and feeling that no
steps be taken to bring in tho Chinamen under the proposed system of what
ho termed indignities. Tho Yellow
Peril to Mr. Huntley was no myth, and
if in assisting, by tho proposed means,
to defeat a despotism today there wore
sown the seeds of a much greater calamity to the whito races in the future,
then tho price would be too great.
That thc full seriousness of tbo situation, evon outsido of the Labor movemont, is becoming more apparent every
day is indicated by tho fact that it wob
tho subject of a strong resolution at
tho recent • Liberal convention. Tho
resolution was as follows, and , was
passed unanimously by moro than 20.0
Whereas, certain interests looking
for cheap labor, and without considering tho interests of the citizens of Canada, are trying to stampedo the Union
governmont into nllowing a wholesale
importation of Chinese coolie laborers
into tho Dominion; and
"Whereas, the rapidly increasing
Asiatic population at ,a time when the
white population is being bo seriously
depletod, owing to the high percentage
of ablo-bodicd white mon who have left
of aro leaving British Columbia for
the front, already constitutes a serious
menace to the white raco in this Pacific
coast province; and
"Whereas, the monopolizing of our
fisheries industry by Asiatics haB excluded our people from legitimate employment in our greatest native industry, and robbed thc Canadian government of the services which a white
seafaring population might have rendered to the naval forces of our empire
during the past three years, and which
services may bo even more vital in the
future of the Dominion of Canada than
during the past; and
"Whereas the experiment of importing one hundred thousand Chinese coolies into South Africa nfter the Boer
war, in the teeth of opposition from the
citizens of that country, resulted in a
disastrous failure, which embittered the
citizens against the Imperial government, and led, * after bloodshed and
riot throughout tho South African mining districts, to the coolies boing repatriated before thoir terms of service
had expired; and
Whoreas, the importation of coolie
labor is bound to have n weakening effect upon tho morale of the workors
and producers of Western Canada, and
to injure the morals and standard of
living of all citizens of Canada; therefore
"Be.it resolved that this convention
of citizens and votors of Vancouver
protest against any such importation of
coolies or othor Asiatic laborers into
the Dominion as being prejudicial to
the best interests of Canada and the
empirjo."
OF
Rather  Caustic  Comment
Upon the Way it is
Done Here
OF
How Do the Irish Workers
•Mi****
******
******
******
Stand on Home Rule Plan?
Have Been the Shuttlecock in Game of Battledore for a
Quarter of a Century—Industrial Masses Will Eventually Take Settlement of Serious Problem Out
of Hands of Politicians and Camouflages
Had Hughes Been as Wise
as Borden Conscription
Might Have Won
Canada stands in the unhappy posi
tion of having had her ordinary constitutional governmont overthrown by
what is practically -a military revolution.
The recent elections in Canada were
simply a farce and a fraud from a legal
and constitutional standpoint, as they
wero conducted under war precaution
regulations, which permitted great n ambers of unqualified persons to vote, and
denied the franchise to large numbers
of legally qualified Canadian citizens.
The ordinary Canadian olectoral roll
was set aside, and a manuscript roll
compiled by specially appointed officials, acting under military regulations,
was used.
Canada, under ordinary conditions,
haB'manhood and not universal suffrage,
but women representing families who
had relatives at the front wore permitted to vote on this occasion, and all
other women refuBed enrolment. In
addition to this violation of tho Canadian constitution by permitting unqualified persons to vote, thousands of
legally qualified Canadian citizens, who
in a previous war censuB had described themselves as conscientious objectors, were not allowed to vote.
An election controlled by military
despbtB, and carried out in dofinnee of
electoral law, is something quite new
in the annals of British constitutional
history, and by no stretch of imagination can the present Borden ministry
claim to be the constitutional representatives of tho people of Canada.
It muBt be apparent that, from a
legal and constitutional standpoint, tho
recent Canadian election is null and
void, and tho parliament so elected has
no constitutional authority for its acts,
Our local conscriptionist politicians
are now bewailing the fact that thoy
did not adopt the tactics of their fellow conspirators in Canada, but it
would bo a dark day indoed if the
frauds perpotrated there could be repeated here.
Canada now stands as the1 shocking
example of what organized force is
capable of, oven in a British community, nnd emphasises the good sense
o fthe Austrnlian people in their refu
sal tn exchange constitutional govern
ment for military despotism.—Austral
inn Worker.
LABELLED GOODS
All the signs and portents point to
another battle royal in Ireland on the
Home Rule question. The convontion,
representative of all parties in the
country, has not had, will not have, and
cannot have, the desired offect. It is,
to bo sure, tho first convention of tho
kind in a country for which Gladstone
and Asquith and others have triod to
find a remedy so far aB the the administration and government of the land
is concerned, but it was brought forth
tn iniquity and with too much travail
to be of any use to Ireland.
So far as this present generation
can remember, this agitation on the
part of one section of the community
for self-government, and on the other
which offered strenuous, if unmerited,
opposition to tho scheme, has continued.
Each side has advanced its shibboleths,
each one has put forward it's most potential arguments for and against, but
in all their campaigns from tho platform and in the columns of tbe press,
it is a peculiar fnct thut no ono seems
to hnvo given that attention to thc
opinions of the industrial clnnsoa which
thoso opinions warranted.
Make First Break.
It was about tho begioning of tho
year 1802 when the workers of thc commercial capital of Ireland bogan to
take more than a passing interest in
this problem of whether Home Bule
waB to be tho panacea of all the ills
of which the green isle was a victim.
Early in that year, which was just prior
to the introduction of another bill
which, it was claimed, would settle tho
question in the twiikling of an eye, the
Trados and Labor Council of Belfast
began to make its presence and influence felt, and the example which the
men ot the "black north" Bet in this
connection wns soon followed by their
fellow-workers further south, until in
this year of graco trades unionism is
ono of the moBt powerful factors in Iro-
land, nnd with one exception- hns come
to bo recognized as such-by the powers
that bo in tho ompire's metropolis as
by no means a negligible quantity.
It was, ns I havo snid, at the commencement of 1802 that the first brenk
wns made, and after that, the going
was not so heavy. Whou I say " break''
I refer to the attitudo taken at that
timo by the men with calloused hands
and with grimy forehcada in regard to
the death of a princo of the blood royal
—thc duke .of Clarence. Tho Btand
tnken by the Trades and Labor Council, then a body of no numerical importance or weighty influence, in roferenco
to that event wbb tuch aB to arouse tho
ire and impatience of the cntiro community. But thc workers stuck to
thoir guns, nnd declined to pass votes
of sympathy with royalty, and refused |
to havo anything to do with matters
that savorod not of labor.
The Workers' Slogan.
"Tho Trades and Labor Council was
formed to handle labor problems," was
their argument, "and we want to have
nothing   to   do with anything olse."
And from that day to this they have
held that position ngainst all comers,
and judging by recent reports from the
othor Bide of tho Atlantic, intend to do
so.   Any amount of argument has been
brought to bear on the men who con-
I atitute that organizntion to induce them
i to take a part in thc political struggle
! that would mean the ascension of one
\ party and the defeat of the othor, but
j to alt the blnndishments that have been
; thrown out the workers have given tho
cold shoulder.
In one thing only has their existenre
boon forgotten, and the workers who
form thc backbone of the country do
j not forget thia and aro not going to.
i There is not a question nbout it but
' thnt the politicians hnvo gone the whole
■ hog in nttompting to reduce the artisans nnd laborers from the path that
thoy mapped out for themselves to follow yearB ago. Time nfter time havo
representatives of both sides of the
house triod to use thc worker as the
shuttlecock in this game of battledore
for what thoy designated the rightB of
the peoplo. On more Ihnn one ocension
I havo heard tho aristocratic unionist
fulminate against thc ultra-nationalist
for his treasonable utternnccs, while
on the other hnnd thc "pntriots" hnvo
declaimed with all the vituperative
ability at their command ngninst thc
machinations of the men who hold that
continued unionism with England was
tho only remedy for Ireland's wrongs.
Were Never Recognlted.
But aftor analysing all this rhetoric
and sifting it right down to the bottom,
ono fails to find even a Bcintilln of ovidenco thnt the rights of tho workers
woro recognized, thnt the men who have
mado the- country what it iB today from
an industrinl point of view havo over
boen nsked for their opinions, which
might hnvo nssisted in tho settlement
of this voxed problem, From this it
must not bo gathered that the workers
have not br>on thinking for themselves.
Quite tho reverse. Tho intelligent artisan in Irelnnd sees more of the game
of the political sharks than the latter
wot of. The men who, in years gone
by, hnve been Prussinnizcd by the
SaunderHnn-cum - Wallace - cum -Crnig
gnng into bolieving thnt Homo Rule
monnt the slaughter of overy Prntestnnt
in Ireland, or, on the other hand, who
wore induced to swallow the dose that
unless Hohto Rule were nn accomplished
fnct the mnsBacre of St. Bnrtholomow
would pole into insignificance beside
tho holoenust in which thoy would piny I
[By Rov. Charles Stelzle.J
Most of us wear a label. It may
not be a "union" label but it more
accurately indicates the conditions undor which we were developed than is
sometimes possiblo by other kindB of
labels. The United Statos government
has declared that evory form of prepared food amd patent drug must be so
plainly marked that anyone may know
its principal constituent parts. But
more minutely Btill is every man and
woman labelled and classified. At any
rate, thore are aome folks who know
about ub try to deceive the world as
we may. It is still true that you can
fool somo of the people all of the time,
and nil of the people some of the time,
but you cannot fool all of the peoplo all
of the time.
Many a workingman who is extremely careful about having the union label
in his hat, forgets it is far moro important to havethe right kind of a label
in Mb heart. For "as a man thinketh
in his heart, so IS ho." That's scrip-
ture, and you know it's true. And
what a man IS, is pretty sure to be revealed in his tnlk, his walk, his hands,
his face, his -eyes, his lifo. AH this in
a tnan will make a pretty good-Bized
label, and you don't have to dig down
into his clothes, or lift tho band of his
hat, to tell what manner of mnn he ia.
DRAW KIT OF TOOLS
FOR WIDOW BENEFIT
Mrs. Hick-son is the Holder of Lucky
Number at Valuable Drawing
by OarpenterB,
The widow of   tho late James Ross
will bo benefited to a coasidorable ox
tent by tho success of the drawing by
the Carpenters for a kit of tools.   The
lucky number, 594, waa held1   by Mtb.
Rickson, 1605 Fifth avonuo eaat.   The
drawing took place    at    the regular
monthly meeting.   Tho local decided to
affiliate with tho B. C, F. of L., and
elected J. O. Smith and G. Richardson
as delegates to the convention.
Ladles' Auxiliary of Machinists.
A movemont has been started, with a
bright outlook, for the formation of a
ladies' auxiliary of tho machinists
locals. A meeting for organization purposes will bo called early; in February.
tho part of tho fatted calf, those men,
I say, aro not the gullible innocents
that thn professional politician believed
thom to bo.
If Homo Rulo is over to become an
accomplished fact it will only be by tho
co-operation of the men who havo never
yot beon taken into tho councils of tho
nation, nt least so fnr as Ireland is concerned, but whose voices uro going to
play an important pnrt,moro important
than has ever been dreamt of, in bringing nbout a condition of nffairs in Ireland that the agitator has triod to effect but in vain for tbo past quarter
of a century.
(To be continued,)
Who Should  Know More
About It Than His
Lordship?
The following, clipped from Glasgow
Forward, makes rather interesting reading:
To the Aged But Trutiflul Lord
Halsbury!
Dear Lord:—Tory though you have
been called, we take off our chapeau to
you aB the greatest Democrat and
Nationalist in Europe today.
You have reviled empire-grabbing;
you have denounced kings who have
appropriated other people's territory as
dirty thieves; you have scorned the
blasphemous cant by whieh these large-
scale thieves excuse thehiselvcB. Dear
Lord Halsbury, the next edition of
"Our Noble Families" shall be dedicated to you.
Listen to this: it is in all the papers',
and no editor dare Bay a word in casti-
gation of it:
4' Blasphemous Oantt
"Lord Halsbury on World-Empire,
'' Lord Halsbury said the Eighth
Commandment waB, to his mind, of
universal obligation. "I protest," he
continued, 'against blasphemous cant I'
I wish to denounce any man who thinks
himself appointod by God to tako possession of somebody else's property. It
Booms to me to be a very bad principlo
indeed, and I cannot allow discussion
to pass without raising my voice in
opposition to tho notion that, becauso
a very big crime is committed, it is to
be treated as though it wero a little
crime. Any emperor who wants to take
somebody else's land iB a dirty thief,
and I do not approve of thc sort of delicacy which would prevent our expressing ourselves plainly as to actions of
that sort. Thoy aro actions of which
any man should bo ashamed. The
principle of the world empire meant
that, by violence and foroe, they were
to take that which belonged to another,
and, in doing so, they were to inflict
suffering upon their fellow-men. He
trusted that one of theBe days mankind
would arrive at a general concession
that all people who were established in
a country of thoir own Bhould remain in
posBOBaion of it, not to be disturbed :
unless such interference was fully justified, but to dispossess a nation should
never be allowed as a principle of empire. The one principle they had to
establish was, "Thou shalt not
steal I'''
From tho plains of India, from thc
deltas of Egypt, from tho black man's
lands in Africa, from Hongkong in
China, from the Maoris of New Zealand, there will go up a resounding
"Hallelujah."
And from Finland also goes the cry
to Petrograd, "Dirty thiofl" And
from Persia.
And from Morocco and Senegambia
that cry goos to France. And from
the Congo to Belgium.
And from the land of the Herreroes
the cry goeB to Germany.
And bo, my lord, all theBe bravo,
bravo empires are but Dirty ThieveB—
all of thom—sneaking, bribing, corrupting, murdering, stealing! '' Protectorates," "spheres of influence,"
were the sugary phrases in our history
booka. Now, on the authority of a
man who has been thc lending legal
luminary in England, we know these
phrases to bc "blasphemous cant," cov.
ering up dirty thievings!
IL DF DEATH
Construction of Big Steel
Freighter Here Costs
Ten Lives
While a multitude of people, as they
stood and watched the steel steamer
Alaska, built for Norwegian interests
at the shipyards of Coughlan & Sons,
slide gracefully from her ways into the
waters of False creek, they did not realize, nor did they know evon, that ten
human lives were her toll during construction. It was a protty heavy casualty list for the number of men employed building the big freighter. As
o matter of fact the average denth toll
was greater than at the front, compared
to the number of men engaged in battle. Of course thc lives paid for the
construction of this steamer was unusually high, but not so very unusual in
industrial casualties iu this und other
linos. And yet, in the face of it all,
there ure thoso big employers of labor
who object to the demands of the work
or whou he asks to have his pay in
creased. The risk of life is great in
ship construction, and a numbor of lives
have also been lost already at the Wallace Shipyards on' the North Shore.
" Straw B»by"
The cfintrsl Idea of this play Ib clever snd
new. An old doctor, after cxportmimtlnK for
25 ypurw, discovers what he believes to be
tbe elixir of youth. His laboratory assistant
steals a doe on which the doctor experiments
with bis elixir of youth. Tbe assistant is
threatened with arrest for stealing the dag.
Ho takes the doff hack, and replaces It with
a small pup marked exactly the unu> as tho
other big dog. The doctor finds tho pup, and
believes that lt Is the biff dog rcstomd to Its
puppyhood, and loudly proclaims the success
of his discovery. There arc many complicated instances, auch as the above, In this play.
If you are aching for a good laugh, do not
fail to miss this play. ***
Secure shares in the Emporium Oompany. See advt, page 8, Office open
evenings until February 2. ***
Willington's "Ship" Barber Shop
441 PBNDBB STBBBT WBST
UNION   SHOP—BKST   EQUIPMENT
NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAME
IK  THE  MATTER OF THE COMPANIES
ACT AND AMENDING ACTS
TAKE NOTICE that Oliver Investment
Compnny, Limited, intends to npply at the
expiration of one month from the date of
the first publication hereof to the Registrar
of Joint Stock Companies that Its name be
chnngnd to "C. M. Oliver & Company, Limited."
DATED at Vnncouver, I). C, this 4th day
of January,  1918.
ELLIS A BROWN,
Solicitors for tho Applicant.
408 Rogera Building, Vaneouvar, B. C.
Arnold & Quigley
January Clearance
Tbii entire stock of $60,000 worth of MEN'S APPARM, at
BIG REDUCTIONS
Everything reduced; you'll save a fourth to a third oh your
Wearing Apparel tomorrow. Buy now for next season's wear.
It will save you money.
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 OBANVILLE STBEET
IT IS ILLEGAL TO
BOYCOTT
But this will advise you that
Smith & Salter
... _an6-
Ogden's Wbodyard
ABE UNFAIR
-ALSO-
HASTINGS MILL
We wish your co-operation in lighting the Hastings mill,
a wealthy corporation, working its drivers 11 hours a day
for $65 a month.
Insist on thc Teamsters and Chauffers delivering your
goods producing the monthly union button
WAKE UP-ITS NOT AN
UNDERTAKER YOU NEEDI
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEH WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of UT tradei union in Canada ttay
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addreswt at the rate of |1 per year.
UNION ««• OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAK SUFPLT TOU WITH THB ALLIED PBINTINO TBADBS ONIOS LABEL
baolexA soNs,..i»i HHiiifi aim)..;......   ..Sewour tso
BLOOHBERGER, F. "B, OlO "Sinadwajr Int.
BRA1.PlW.j_M9 Fender Street Weit.
jnTpjuNTiNo YLraHo'"6b,,"sm^'»MTHoB»~
 Sermour 2678
.....      Seymour 8231
CLARKE A STUART, 320 Sermour Street   Sermour »
COWAN a BROOKHOUSE, Libor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487  Dunsmuir Street Seymour 1101
EVANS A HASTINOS, Arte ind Orilte Bldg., Seymour Street Seymour 5060
JEFFERY, W. A., 2101 Flrker Street Highland 1187
KERSHAW, J. A.i 630 Howe Street .1 Seymour 8071
I.ATTA. R. P., 888 Gore Avenue     Seymour 1089
MAIN  PRINTINO  CO..  8861  Hlln  Street .....Fairmont  1081
HoLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North VineouYer. _ N.  Vu.  58
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vaueouw. „ 1....N. Via. 10
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 0891
ROEDDE, G. A., 016 Homer Street Seymonr 201
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 317 Cimbie Street Seymour 0509
BUB JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Street ....Slymoar II
THE TRIBUNE, Homer Street „ _ _ Seymour 470
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Butty Street Seymonr 8626
TIMMS, A. H., 280 Fourteenth Avenue Ellt _ Fairmont 921R
WARD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Homer Street  Seymour 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 331 Dunemulr Street SeJmour 8628
WHITE It BINDON, 628 Pender Street Weit Seymour 1214
Write "Union Label" on Tonr Copy whin Tou Send It to thi Printer
10 SUB. CARDS $10, PAY FOB WHEN SOLD
The Danger Signal
Headache is onc of thc commonest symptoms of derangement of the human body.
It is Nature's warning of approaching sickness and danger to life. It tells us in n manner WC cannot ignore that there is trouble
ahead.
Headache is tho invariable annunciator of
eye strain, or defective eyes. By means of
this pain, which gains in intensity, tho longer its cause is allowed to remain uncorrected, Nature insistently urges upon us the
need to remedy a condition which must inevitably lead to serious bodily illness, insanity and death.
"Actino Optical Therapeutics," a little
book, which Prof. L. Larkin, of Lowe Observatory, Cal., says: "Will alter the career of
all whose mind is harrassed by eye
troubles," and which is "of transcendent
intorest to humanity," cites many cases in
which symptoms, which have been Ascribed
to such serious diseases as tuberculosis, epilepsy, etc., etc., have entirely disappeared,
when the author of this work has applied his
natural scientific methods, and the Sufferer
hns boon supplied by him, with the scientifically ground and fitted lenses, necessary to
thc correction of tho defects of the eye.
A copy of "Actino Optical Therapeutics,"
can be obtained fro inthe author, A* JlcKay
Jordan, 830 Birks Building,
If you suffer from headache remember it
is a danger signal, warning you of furthor
ills to follow, aud it must not bo Ignored.
»ntt.au.. A. McKAY JORDAN
aer* «66.     Diagnostician and Optical Expert
I PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY Jaimary 25, IM8
The Best
OVERALLS »reet
$1.95
EVERY MAN who wears Overalls should see this
line we sell for $1.95 a pair. They are the largest
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Special value -ipl.t/D
1      m     J ______   '*'*      atastar i MMifeT itmis canmiinmn \ _™^ )
Granville and Georgia Streets
'VICTORIA, B. 0.1 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bond.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F 0.: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
/ Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Office; VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street Eut.   Phones, Seymour 988-672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granvillo Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE-
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave.  Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing.    The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters; as
they are making good.
»
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO |
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQUIPMENT-COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TBAVEL COMFOBT
CONSULT OUB NEABE8T AOENT OB WRITE
DIITBIOT PASSENGER AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W„ VANOOVTBB
Telephone r
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the atore brands are brewei and bottled by nnim workmo.
THE PURE ESSENCE OF BARLEY AND HOPS
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
""SBE*
fEDEBAHOMST
Soldiers Getting Wise, Too
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: I bave to acknowledge roceipt of five copies of your paper
dated 9th Not.
Unfortunately they did not arrive in time
for this olection as this battalion voted over
a week ago, but nevertheless they havo been
woll read and discussed by many of the boys,
and have caused some little enlightenment to
many of ub wbo have been fed up with the
one-sided stuff of the capitalistic press.
Wc also appreciate the fact that yon bad
to register them to ensure their delivery. Wo
have been flooded wltb tbe literature of tho
win-the-war party, but have seen or heard
nothing of tbe opposition and the Labor side
of tho question, Notwithstanding all tbls, I
think the union party will receive a rude
shock when tbe soldiers'B ballots are
counted.
A number of tho boys join with he* in
thanking you for the copies ot yonr paper,
wishing you the success your paper deserves,
also our good wishes and success to the
Labor candidates In their fight for the freedom of our land against the menace of militarism.
With the compliments of the season, I remain, yours fraternally,
A. COUTT8.
Franco, Doc. 17th, 1917.
Moses Ootsworth'B Unsound Economics
Editor B. 0. Fedorationist: Would you
kindly lot mo intrude on the space of your
valuable paper! I went up to listen to Mr.
Cotsworth Sunday, Jan. 18, at O'Brien hall,
giving a lecture on the high cost of living.
His statistics on tho upward trend on tho
prices of commodities Boomed good. But
when he come to the remedy, he showed that
his reasoning power was limited. Amongst
many other things that showed his limitation
of understanding, the Ibwb governing com-
modifies wns one in particular. Being asked
if labor-power was a comomdity, his answer
was "yes, to Bome extont." Going on to
answer the question more fully, he made
statement that if the workors get a ten per
cent, increase in wagos, it reacts on other
commodities on thc cost of living at the rato
of 20 por cent. That Ib to say, according to
his philosophy, that an increase of wages
will make the workers unable to buy hack as
many commodities as beforo the ralBo of
wago. Now, if Mr. Cotsworth used his
special brand of Btudy he could Boon tell us
at what stage the worker, by raising his
wages, would be unablo to buy back any of
tht* products ho produced. He could also
toll tho maHters how to increase their profits.
Now, reversing the argument, reducing thc
wage would, by Mr. Cotsworth's statement,
ond whon tbo workers' wage was nothing,
tho workors would have all tbe commodities!
Tho wholo trend of Mr. Cotsworth's lectnro
on thB high cost of living, and his remedies,
w-ib, to put it mildly, no good. If Mr. Cotsworth had understood the laws governing the
commodities, ho would not havo mado thoso
staements. Ab labor powor Ib a commodity
It iB governed by the Bamo laws as othor
commodities, that is to say, the cost of production, demand and supply determines tho
price of a commodity. If, for instance,* ft
shoemaker has to pay moro for leather and
othor raw materials, including labor power,
tho price of tho shoes or tho finished product
will be higher. That holds good oUo with
the commodity labor power, tho only thing
the workor has to sell. Tho raw materials,
or tbe things the workor has to have to produce the commodity, labor power, goes up in
price. WageB or the price of the commodity
labor power will also go up. In fact as to
tho price of the commodity labor power Ib
generally determined by tho cost of produc
tion, for we flnd that the raw material included in labor power, raises first, and tho
price of labor power nfter,
Yours for education,
A. BOLSHEVIKf.
Vancouver. B, C, Jan. 10, 1918.
Suggests a Returned Soldiers' Union
Editor B.C. Federatlonist: After conversation witb numorous returned soldiers, I am
firmly of tho opinion that a representative
group would ho moro than willing to afflliafe
with tho Trados and Labor council. That a
start be mado somewhere In Canadft is an
important factor. It is essential that these
men organize and affiliate with organized
labor, for tho reconstructive period to follow
the war. I should Judge thftt this mutter
wnrrnnlB the consideration of the Trades and
Labor council, nlso tho coming convention of
tho B. C. F. of L. That a little holp be
grantod to get the thing started, an organizer should bo furnished and an offlce in* the
Labor Temple supplied, and an offer of sup'
port by organized labor.
1 ' S^H. COOKE.
Vancouvor, B. C, -iran 20,  1918.
Oriental Labor In Shipbuilding
Editor B. 0. FedoratloniBt: As a member
of Vancouvor Trades and Labor council, also
mentally afflicted with those problems relating to the Labor movement, I ask, through
the columns of Tho Federationist, that the
Labor unionB would give seriouB consideration to the above subject. The coming convention of the B. C. Foderation of Labor
offers opportunities for expression of our collective wishes upon tbls important policy. It
is quite true that upon many matters of importance relating to tho interests of tho
workers, the serious minded minority have
often been disappointed at tbe laxity of the
majority to the Importance of matters relating to tbelr welfare as industrial workers.
Howover, history portrays that practical ox-
fierlonco is a 4rue educational method of en-
Ightenment to the majority. The Oriental
question, however, not only interests many of
tho workers, but many citizens of* Canadft of
nil shades of opinion on other matters, have
strong views relating lo Oriental labor. We
must not forget incidents of a shipload of
Hindus in tho past when serious troublo was
only averted by thoir extradition to whence
they came. My first concern, howover, Ib to
state frankly my position relating to the
Oriontal. I bave no objection to the colored
raceB, on tho ground of raco prejudice, and
hope tho time is not very far distant whon
men and women of all presont nationalities
and color will know of no boundary or raco
distinction, but may yet reach tho ago of
common understanding ond mutual comradeship with the world for a country. Such a
position, however, can only be possible when
mutual understanding and conception of
ideas result to the mutual advantage of all
concerned. But, surveying tho position today, much as we would commend a position
of fellowship and goodwill to all, wo know,
relating to the Oriental question, many points
of view can bu put forward showing that
nndor certain conditions, and locking satis-
factory understanding, It may not be desirable to oncourage the emigration of the
colored races into Canada. Comment Ib being made in various quarters and Indications
show clearly that objection is tho predominant note as expressed in some Labor organisations, who are quoted as having placed a
waterfront firm on the unfair list, as tbe
outcome of the particular firm's partiality to
tho Oriental bi replacing the white boat-
builder. But who cares I Orientals can be
found to build the boats and customers for
the bolts when finished. We are led to as-
enmo that white labor In the shipbuilding Industry has an eye on Oriontal labor. Let ns
hope, however, that their'brains wilt boeome
a little more aetlve to the dangers of this
industrial colored wedge being driven home.
and demand to know their relationship to
the Oriental boatbuilder. We can safely assure ourselves that many of the Orientals
eome here under the same influences and
economic circumstances as compelled most of
the white emigrants In the past to migrate
to other parts of the earth to obtain the
right to exist. When many of all nationalities under labor agents' nefarious schemes,
were Induced to crowd out a high wage locality, with clamoring wage-earners or Job seekers, eventually tending to lower the statna of
living for the worker. The Oriental Is also
a victim of thia poller, but a greater difficuly
crops up, with white emigrants. We can find
some means of mutual understanding relating to onr social conditions and Industrial
organizations, bnt with the average Oriental
we are faced with a different problrm. Language and raee, national prejudice, bred in
both white and colored raees, regarding each
other, ln the past, now make industrial organization almost superhuman, Not many of
us can eonverso or thoroughly understand
the langauge of the Orient. Their miserable
status ot living Is a menace to the white
workers of Canada. The Orient just as in
other countries, truly have their various social classes. We also know that the majority of the world's omlgrant clasB who migrate for the right te live, are mostly those
economically compelled to for tho struggle to
live. The Oriental emigration means that
the better class Oriental with higher standard of education and soeial well being, Is not
the class whieh Immediately threatens ni
with their preaenee In vast numbers, but they
are proceeded by their poorer brethren seeking the right to live, and many thinking this
provlnee a white man's paradise, and many
hope soon all watte men may be gone to
war that others of their race mar step Id
their places ln Industry. If the Oriental can
build fishing boats, then they ean build other
ships for otber purposes. One li only a step
from the other, from the email fishing boat
to tbe huge freighter, from tbe small boat-
<' builder to the huge shipyards. Many of
which are lately becoming the hunting ground
of the Oriental for tbt/ white man's job.
Since by thoir presence tbey are demanding
a Btand with the white laborer, it Is the
duty of ofgainzed labor to take up the matter
and decide upon a policy which should organise, tbe Oriental workerB already bere, and
firmly refuse to endorse any further importations of Orientals into Canada, until such
time as those concerned such aB the natural
citizens of this province can be consulted.
Canadians in Flanders could be asked: Since
you left Canada to fight for domocracy as a
worker of that empire, do you favor the importation of Orientals in your industries;
also, do you think the policy to tho best advantage of and ln the interest of thoso whom
you have near and dear to you, but left behind! I think the answer would be directly
antagonistic to tbe views of some of tbe
canning intorests of thiB province. Tho average Canadian citizen must alao bear In mind
that any serious inroad upon tho man power
of this country for purposes outside the em*
plre, must sooner or later bring up tho question of dilution of labor. It must bo cloar
to us then thftt falling women as a substitute
for the men in thoir places, then Orientals or
blacks are tho only alternative outside conscripted industrial labor, Then tbis Is also a
woman's question, so soldiers' wives and relatives, and women workers should decide
collectively onco and for all timo thoir attitudo regarding this question: Do they consider competition between white women and
Oriental desirable i Do they relish working
sido by side in industrial occupations) Do
thoy think it right that white husband, son
or brother are sacrificing themselves In Flan-
dors, that .others at bome should for personal profit, oncourage a race of people to
take np residence here and occupy Industrial
positions, which may yer prove more juBtly
due to those whom return from tho war and
have to resort to civilian occupations once
more. It is also unjust to the poople of
Canada to Buggest national food economy,
with likely personal sacrifices on tbat account In the near futuro; while at the same
time Orientals who have to feed like our-
boIvos, are brought hero, resulting in additional consumers of the food aupply. And
onco hero in large numbers, will have to be
providod for along with ourselves. Combined with the fact that industrial occupations will likoly be fillod by them, when
places will bo few enough for returned men
from the war. We must also not lose sight
of the fact that once returned from the war,
they become workers onco more. And an
Oriontal standard of living would not tend
for peace or harmony at home. Wo are told
that certain canning interests are also Interested in tho Oriental question for thrir own
advantage. So it behooves others not in tho
canning business to see that one party's interest is not to the disadvantage of tbe
workers or citizens of this province. After
the war problems will bo tough onough without having this raco question thrown In too
late for settlement without riots or other
serious troublo. Thc Province nowspnper of
Jnn. 9, reports thnt the Canadian Railway
board favor employment of travelling labor
for temporary services. We all know that
travelling laborors in the Bhope of Oriental
have of late travelled over our rnilroad systems on the way to Europo for industrial
purposes, and a suggestion bv the board to
utilize travelling labor, oven if only temporary, looks vory much liko endorsing a policy
of Oriental labor for Canada. Wo also notice
that considerable troublo by politicians to
show disapproval at tho suggestion, seems lo
imply that timo will show, whother the objections to tho policy wore either frnr of
trouble ahead at such early suggestions of n
profitable scheme for tho benefit of railroad
financiers, or that tho time was not quite ripe
for snch a move on tho grounds of naturnl
antagonism from organized white labor. The
fact remains that certnin Interests think tho
time is ripe to make n movo on the Oriental
question for tho benefit of themselves. And
it is now up to tho majority of organized
labor and citizens to mako their views felt
on this mntter, nnd to decide whother its to
their welfare to Interest theniBolves In this
Important question. The factory workers
and employees of this province will have to
survey this question regarding their own interests before it Ib too late. Thc white worker in the factory and mills have boen the recipients of snch mengro wages, thnt many to
better themselves have forBuken their jobs
nnd took n stand with their brothers on out*
side jobs In tho lumber Industry. A plentiful supply of Orientnls could soon fill thoir
positions left vnennt. Should any trade
movement among inlUmen and factory workers tako place aftor the wholesale Introduction of Oriental lnbor, then their efforts for
bettor conditions would be futile, exept fnr
the organization of tho Oriontals, wt'Ch is
most unlikely. For we can rest assure.: that
thoso responsible for and who may desire
their importation, will see to It that tho right
typo of individuals will be brought here of
tho mental calibre not guaranteed to be ltt-
torosted in organizntion either for their own
good or anybody else's. Should you doubt
this view of mino, tako a trip down to the
waterfront previous to the departuro east of
a tralnloftd of imported Oriental labor, and
ft general survey nf the whole bunch will
soon onvince yon that a white woman bad
best have her husband near hor homo, in
the event of a general importation into Canada of Orientals of this type. A type common to all races of the world and to all
countries. Therefore I moan no slur on the
Orientals as a race, for there are many intelligent and excellent citizenB among them
just ns are to be found in ths white races.
To conclude let us hope that organized labor
will seo its way clear to demand the total exclusion of Orientals during the wnr, and that
it will see its way clonr to industrially organize those nlrendy hero in competition with
the whito race, also that as organized workerB, they will havo the same rights and privi-
legesaB ourselves, not only as laborers, but as
citizens. And be encouraged to regard our
opposition to their proposed or suggested importation here not on the ground of raee hatred, but that wo suspect thoy would be
made thn tools of a few to tho detriment of
us alt.
R. EDWARDS.
Union 2647 U. B. Carpentors.
Jnn. 21, 1918.
Shall We Save the Lahor Temple?
Editor and readers of The B. C. Federationist: Being vitally Interested in the Labnr
movement, and conscious of tho fact thnt the
impact of tho mentnl calibre of the men who
form the central lnbor body was absolutely
essential to tho progress o fthe snmo, nnil
that some centralizing force and place was
necessary, whero labor could voice its opinions in a domocralic monitor, I attended the
mooting called by tho Trades and Labor counoll, to hear the cose for the Lnbor Templo
presented by tho Temple management, who
also happen to bo tho chief officials of the
central labor body, the concensus of opinion
from those who worked on the formation of
the Home for Labor and the elected lenders
In the various locals.
I gleaned much valuable Information. First;
It ia en assumption to say; Shall we save
the Labor Temple I Wo have never hnd the
Labor Temple. It was pointed out distinctly
that outside of tho effort made to collect the
17500 to purchase the site, organised labor
had not been enamored by the present scheme
of things. At loast, less than BOO individual
members had subscribed for stock, and that
in small amounts, which was desirable ^
What I desire to bring home to organised
labor Is, that wo have never realty owned
even part of the Labor Temple. So lot us
forget the cry "Bhall we save the Labor
Templet" and start now and ask the question clear of any previous movement in our
minds.
What would bo the most advantageous
eourse for the Lahor movement to tnke! Is
it advisable for the Lahor movement to own
Its own home! Ib It advisable to have n
building that Is a credit to the movement,
and from which we wolrH not have to part at
the behest of any Individuals outside of this
movement! Is it advisable to have a concentration of Labor forces! Is It advisable
to have a hall that can assist newly-organized Industries, by giving room, hoat, light,
froe of all costs, unlil such time as thoy can
swim along with tho rest of the older organized trades in the city! Do we really
believo "In tifitty thore Ib strength!" or are
wo just dodging along to escnpo tho undertaker and not endeavoring to produce tho
typo of mon that will set to work to further
strengthen tho rank and file of Labor!
Is tho prosent slto ideoll Is the building
host fitted for a centre for Labor!
Though tho building cannot be held to be
Ideal, with Its many little offices dividing the
«ien Into as many little groups, the taking
ver of the ground floor for Labor purposes
would fill the bill, with fow alterations,
Now, as to the price: Is there too much
watered stock ln tho company 1 Was the rise
In the valuation of the lots ($7600 to $50,-
000) bo great that those values could not be
sustained in a falling market, like other stock
of a similar naturo in the city! Was the
price paid for the building with the extras
too great for the building received! Was
the loans on mortgage that the directors
were compelled to procure, once they bad
started, so heavy that the whole undertaking
LIVELY MEETINGS
A Whirlwind Campaign Is
Energetically Pushed
to the Finish
Labor Programme Clearly
Set Forth in Many
- Meetings
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, Jan. 28.—
Hawthornthwalte 'a campaign is striking terror Into the hearts of the Brewster government, for despite their herculean efforts to
return u pliant tool to the gus-Jiouse, it is
absolutely assured tbat Cavin will cav(e)in
ou tho 24th. We are holding a series of enthusiastic meetings. 1 have had the pleasure
of attending threu of them.
A mooting was bold iu Ladysmlth ou Saturday, Jan. 19, which was audressud by the
candidate, Jus. Imwthurnthwaiu*, "Sandy"
Watchman aud it. 1'. Pettipiece, while Mr.
Dooley, Victoria's comedian, entertained tho
audiouuo with u few songs, According to reports the meeting was a huge success, the
bull being crowded,
The next meeting was held in tbe terrible
town of South Wellington on Sunday afternoon. Bro. Duoley gnvo a song, and "Sandy" Watchman a very short address. Tho
lust wo saw of bim, lie wus being dragged
out of tbo hail by Bro. Dooley in order to
cutcii tlw train. Our old friend Pettipiece
thon took tho floor and gave one of his exceedingly interesting addresses. He spoko of
the unanimity of opinion lu Labor circles in
favor of Haw thorn tliwalto, und resolutions in
favor of his election coining from Prince Rupert, Hovelstoke, New Westmlnater and from
various Trados and Labor councils and from
tho executivo of, the li. 0. . of L. He
pleaded with tbo electorate to help the cause
of Labor iu general by returning Labor's
representative in Newcastle district. Ho
thon told of how tbe attorney-general said
that they didn't want Hawthornthwalte
down in Victoria because be would raise too
much hell. Ho then dealt with Hawtkoriilh-
waito's retlral from politics a fow years ago
and showed how Lnbor has got it •in the nock
since. He dwelt briefly upon statements
made by a prominent English financial man
who spoke ofr the groat changes that aro Imminent in thu present order in England.
Hawthomthwuitc then took tho floor and ir
a voice that shswod the results of overwork
gave ono of his rouhing Speeches, during
whieh ho brougbt out some home truths, lie
told of how the minors hud always been
torch-bearers and went on to sny that the
secret of his power in bygone days wns not
due to any extraordinary ability of his own,
but was duo to the fact thut the workers
were behind him. He then mndo u brief
view of working conditions und showed tho
existence of a powerful lubor movement in
the Roman 'empire under which armies were
supplied under contract wijb the trade
unions. ' these unions, being liniilly crushed
by the use of force, and lying dormant during the period of the arrest of knowledge, being finally revived with the renaissance. Ho
demonstrated tbat nil these changes Wert
merely steps in an evolutionary process. Hi
then went ou to speak briefly on the Hus
siau revolution nnd said that mnny thinkers
were surprised us they thought thut the more
highly developed capitalist countries would
bo the first to Btart the revolution. He showed thnt Kerensky was not a representative
of the proletariat, but wns a representative
of tbe Jewish monled men, hence his down
fall. Ho then claimed thnt with the begin*
nine of the end, n revolution would brenk
out in Germany. He then showed how ulus
conscious workers nre sacrificed for trying to
bring nbout n bloodless revolution. Ho then
spoko of conversations he lind hnd witb
various capitalists, one of whom, n prominent sawmill man, wbo said thnt while be
once hated the sight of James 11., he wns
now forced to admit timt ho was absolutely
true in nil his condemnation of (the system,
Another, n vice-president of a great American railroad, who snid thnt the railroads will
remain under government control p after the
wnr, for the business of the country could'nt
be run privately without neglecting the returned soldiers, who he said, would not hesitate to use tbe art taught them in tlie army.
This magnate nlso snld thnt the Unltod
Stntes daren't put anus and ammunition
Into the hands of tho soldiers until they
were leaving the country. Our candidate
concluded by saying that what the workors
are, demanding is not out of reason, it only
being the right of nil to live nnd receive the
product of their toil. In nnswer to a question nsklng fnr an explanation of the causes
of Parkor Williams' tactics, Jim gave a little
recent political history, nnd showed that
Parker must have developed softening of thc
brain. He refused to co-operate with Hawthornthwaite In the building up of a working
class political party, as bo refused to be the
tail of the Hawthornthwaite dog, of how P.
W. said during the last olection that any
working man who opposed a Liberal would
bo a tool of Bowsor. He then showed how
ho had been approached by a prominent
Liberal, nnd hnd been offered inducements to
gain bis nssistanco in the formation of a
Liberal-Labor pnrty, which was to arise out
of a row In the cabinet, of how he refused,
and shortly after, Pnrker Williams was expecting to run in Newcastle, which left tho
Inferewo tbnt Pnrker Williams bit where
Hawthornthwalte didn't. The meeting thon
ndjourned to meet ngnin In the evening.
The Evening Meeting
The evening meeting wns opened with n
song by one of our locnl artists, Mrs. J. F.
Rutherford. This bnd to bo done In order to
give tbe speakers time to digest their chicken
supper.
It. P. Pettipiece then took thc floor, ond
in bis (polling remarks, be pnid a very touch-
"nil tribute to tho village of South Welling-
.on. He said that he didn't understand why
sA many intelligent men congregated in such
a' god-forsaken holo unless it wos bceauBc
thoy bad-followed lho dictates of thoso who
snid, "Go west, young mnn," nnd upon finding themselves in the extreme west, not being anxious to swim, were putting up n determined flght to go enst. Ho then gnvo n
brief history of politics from tho time when
the soeInli»t voto wns 22 per cent, of the
totnl, whon all rebels wero expecting a socialist premier in about five yenrs. This
dream was speedily shattered whon McBride's rnilwny policy provided that slaves
paradise, a pit thorn of jobs. Ho then told
of somo of tho tactics of the military beast
with the conscrlptB, hut there Is too much
freedom for enumeration.    He then told of
was too expensive a luxury, and could not
possibly redeem Itself! In fact, was the
priee paid (oo great for value received!
If this Is an ideal situation, an ideal building and will flit organized labor needs, why
not the Labor movement get behind the project and get what lt wanted, and could bave
got yearB/agot Some of the reasons given
by prominent members of the movement for
tlie state of affairs are bb follows: The Labor
movement wns not In favor of expending
such a large sutn of money, and renting out
to organizations outBldo of the Labor movement; that Is, we did not want to go Into
tho commercial world; they were not in favor
of storos on the ground floor in this locality.
Management expenses are far higher than
necessary. But the great fear of all, undoubtedly tho determining factor, is the possiblo control of tho building at any time by
pooplo outside the labor movement, and with
tho overcoming of that difficulty by the Trades
and Labor council holding tho majority of
tbe stock, tho stand taken that only a selected fow could vote that majority stock,
and not thoso chosen to represent the rank
In short, I flnd a well-founded fear that
tho manogement of what wo hope to be in
the future, a home, for labor, was directed
for tho personal advantage of a small coterie
of frienda. Dlssoinlnoto this fear, guarantee
to Labor Its own home, for ItB own use, In
lta own control, nnd nil the best of Labor's
forcoB will bo behind the movemont, and
Labor will own, for the first time, the Labor
Temple I
Yo„r. In unity, . __ ^^
288 Twenty-second streot east,
Voncouver, B. 0„ Jan. 28, 1918.
P. s.—Since this waB written, a shareholders' meeting has boen held, and tho samo
cotorle of friends are elected on the board,
not temporary until the campaign, hut until
thoir timo expires.—G. H. H,	
Secure shares in the Emporium Company. See advt. page 8. Ofllce open
evenings until February 2.        '    ***
T^Tf     ROYAL
STANDARD
FLOUR
—is not only a big bread yielder, but it is economical t« the
last degree.
While all Flours today are very nearly the same price,
yet all Flours do not have the same bread-producing value
for the money paid as Boyal Standard,
Make it a point to use Royal Standard—the flour with
this assurance stamped on every sack: "The Contents of
This Sack Guaranteed—Money Refunded if NotgAbso-
lutely Satisfactory/'
on every sack
the nttompts that are about to be made to
bring In 200,000 chinks, how the Vancouver
board of trade held a special session to forward tho scheme, ably assisted by Mr. Peters, C. P. R. man. He dwelt briefly on the
Hussion revolution, saying thot nobody knew
what was actually going on. Thc apostasy
of tbo American labor loaders then camo 'In
for well-merited condemnation. He said, thnt
sinco Hawthornthwaite left the house, Lnbor
legislation was hard to get, but his return
would tend to forco the Liberals to carry out
the planks of tbeir platform, It would also
provido the Incentive for the workers In
othor ports of the province to elect working
clnss representatives,
Jimmy Hodgklnson then mado a short
speech. He said thnt South Wellington hod
stolen tho old-time Nanalmo spirit, but Nanaimo is at last beginning to wake up. He
realized, that no man was any good to represent the workers unless he realized his class
position. He alao realized that an economic
organization was a necessary bolster to the
political orgniiizntit.il. We then had a selection on the English concertina by Bro. West-
well, ns Jim hadn't quite _ digested the
ohicken,
Jim then took the platform, and delivered
u rousing indictment of the present government, and ns time is short, it brief review
is ull I can give. Ho look the cabinet ministers individually, nnd dwelt upon their
manifold shortcomings, nnd the tactics of the
old pnrty politicinns In drawing tho
proverbial red herring ncross the trail,
and of bow the worker loved lo follow the
scent. He said that the old parties would
nevor debale propositions concerning the
ownership of tbe means of production, thnt
being the only question that Id of vital Interest to tho workers graft is none of his
business. He then discussed Cnv(e)tn's platform, with his promise Jo open the Ladysmlth smelter and hitler on asphalt rond.
(Wo might imagine Cnv(e)in opening n
cun of surdities). He then denk with the
jmssy-foot tnctics of the Liboralsnn thc district, in sneaking up in the dnrk and advertising thoir meetings, tbe candidate buttonholing people on the streot, nnd (according
to latest reports, writing a letter to the women voters asking tbem to return a clenn
mnn to a clean government, and at tho last
moment creating a new polling booth).
Jim then gave some politicnl history, nnd
showed how iimth Brewster wns to tax canneries, and how quickly he taxed the working man.
The meeting then concluded with the singing of "The Red Flag," the chorus uf which
was lustily sung.
Cedar District; Meeting
On the Monday night following, Mr. Hawthornthwaite held a nieeting In Cedar district.
I attended the opening and believo me there
was some reception, the little school house
being packed with enthusiastic supporters.
The Opposition Meeting
Yeur humble servant had to beat it to entertain the Hon. W. Sloan, who wos holding
a meeting at South Wellington. Upon arrival, I found that the women had effectively
disposed of Cavin, and the Hon. Bill was
telling the miners what lovely ideas ho had
In his head regarding tbelr wolfare. He
told how ho was aware of the companies
finding out- in some mysterious way, when
the mine inspectors were coming to visit the
mlno. Ho then imparted tho startling Information that R- P. Pettipiece was In the- pay
of Bowser. Tho chairman promised interrupters an opportunity of asking questions,
bnt whon our eld friend Bill hnd finished, an
attempt was mado to sidetrack guest ions,
Y/ur humble servant then got tho floor and
gave a hlBtory of the usual method of procedure at old party meetings, where a bunch
of celebrities fan tbe air until everybody's
too tired to ask questions, and obtained the
privilego of tho platform, but gracefully declined the honor on the grounds of being
careful of the company I kept. I then held
her down for a short time from the back of
the hall, and asked tho Hon. Bill why, if he
knew the inspection of mines was carried out
In such a slipshod manner, thV government
did uot take tho advice of organized labor
givon to tbem before the house sat laBt year,
when they wore asked to havo tho mine inspectors elected by tbe minera. I' pointed
out that the minors were the people who Buffered by the negligence of the inspectors,
and they should have the right to govern the
inspectors. The inspectors would then hold
their jobs by virtue of holding tbe confidence
of the millers.
The mooting was then addressed by Harry
Freeman, manager of the Jingle Pot mine,
who gave some more good "Ideas," but the
troublo Is, as I pointed out to Sloan, that
ideas in the head of the minister of mines
ore no good. They need to bo on the statute
books.
Numerous quostions%were asked, mostly
being answered by the plea of the government not having had time.
Cavin wai asked why the election was put
off io long, and he certainly caved In then.
Taking it all ln all, a very pleasant evening was spent, and Cavin went away satisfied
that he was snowed under in South Wellington.
Time and space will not permit of a further detailed account of the gum-shoe tactics of tho Liberals lave, in passing, to remark tbat Jimmy Young, the arch enemy of
the late Ralph Smith, Is now boosting for the
government of whieh the late Ralph Smith
waB a supporter. Jimmy Young was one of
Nanalmo's pioneer socialists, when hts socialism paid him.
SYNOPSIS   OF   OOAL   MINING.   RBOTLA-
TIONS.
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territerlea
and In a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term-
of 21 years at an annual rental of 11 an
acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sob-
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall he staked ont by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be rbfnnded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton,
Tho person operating the mlno shall furnish the Agent with eworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
conl mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least
once a year,
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 45
Georgo V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For full Information application should be
made to tho Secretary of tho Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agont or Sub-
Agont of Dominion Lands. '
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of. Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla
advertisement will not be paid for.—88576.
Union
MADE
Beer ^ f
^&h Of America
COmUGHT MMPt MJWKKg1»Tei>tDI90S ,
SEALED TENDERS addressed U tbt
undersigned, and endorsed "Tender tor
Wooden Freight Shed, Vancouver, B, C",
will be received at thli offlce until 4 p.m..
on Monday, February 4, 1918, for the construction of a wooden freight ahed and fire-
proofiing of grain conveyor supports, on the
west side of tho Government Wharf, at Vancouver, B, 0.
Plans and forms of contract can he aeen.
and specification and forma of tender obtained at this Department and at tbe offices
of the District Enginoers, Equity Chambori,
Toronto; Shaughnessy Building, Montreal,
and at the Post Office, Vanconver, B. C.
Persons tendering are notified that tenders
will not be considered unless maiLo on the
printed forms supplied, and signed with
their actual signatures, stating their occupation and places of residence, In the ease
of firms, the actual signature, the natnre of
the occupation, and placo of residence of
each member of the firm must be given.
Each tender must be accompanied by an
acccptod cheque on a chartered bank payablo to tbe order of the Honourable the
Minister of Public Works, equal to tea per
cent. {10%) of tho nmount of the tender,
which will be forfeitod if the person tendering decline to entor Into a contract when
called upon to do so, or fail to complete
the work contracted for. If the tender be
not accepted  the  cheque will be retimed.
The Department does not bind itself to
accept the lowest or any tender,
NOTE.—Blue prints can be obtained at
tho Department of Public Works by depositing an accepted bank cheque fnr tha sum
of 860, mode payable to the order ef tha
Honourable the Minister of Publio Worki,
which will be returned If the intending bidder submit a regular bid.
By order,
R. C. DE8ROCHER8,
Department of Publlo Worka, * *
Ottawa,  January 7,   1918.
Newspapers will not be paid far tkis advertisement If tbey insert It without autkarlty
from the Department. %
To memben of any nnlon ln Canada a
■pedal rata for The Federationist of tl
P« jaw—If ft elnb of 10 or mora Ji sent
Copenhagen
Chmwing
IS THE, WORLD'S BEST CHEW
>o_aaa___m»a
•COPENHAGEN,;,
i.A SNUFF ••¥.
ss
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use. f ■  ,  -
FBIDAY January 25, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
The "Community
Spirit"
A doer thing Manager of
The Federationist
Submits a Few Facts
S and Figures to Yan-
couver Business Men
for Consideration
and How
It Can Be
Developed
/
<J At the regular meeting of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association, held on the ovening of Jan. 15, the general tenor of
the meeting was that thc time had come for Vancouver to
arise, get busy, and go after business. This was the theme
of the association's president, Mr. J. A. Cunningham, in his
address to the Assembly; and this view was particularly
concurre4 in by His Worship Mayor Gale. The latter gentleman laid emphatic stress on the development within Vancouver of the* proper "community spirit."
_ Are you aware, Mr. Business Man, that the development
of this "community spirit," in a good measure, rests with
you! That you may either foster its growth and nourish it,
or by lack of interest and by reprehensible apathy, let it
become a dead thing and meaningless?
_ LISTEN: Vancouver today is a real Payroll Town!
Its shipbuilding programme, its munition board contracts,
and its various other lines of manufacturing, have created
for it a healthy, virile, substantial rating in the industrial
and commercial world, that may well bc envied by other
larger, though less, favorably situated cities.
_ Within Greater Vancouver there arc employed approximately 10,000 skilled trades unionist workmen, drawing
wages at a scale hitherto unprecedented in their various
crafts. These mon are an excellent type of the present-
day worker, intelligent, alert and keenly alive to conditions
around them. They arc loyal to British Columbia, loyal td"
Vancouver, and loyal td themselves and theirs.
•5 For this reason they support their own weekly newspaper and they know, through its columns, who is loyal to
them and to their interests.
fl A conservative figure covering their weejely wages
eould be truthfully said to approximate $250,000, or in
round numbers, $1,000,000 per month! «
fl Previous to thc war, and for about three years after
its outbreak, you, Mr. Business Man, allowed yourself to become a pessimist. Conditions over a long era seemed to
you to be "so unsettled," "so uncertain," to use your own
phrases, that, of necessity thc psychologic effect of this
mode of thought was cumulatively bad and depressing.
fl But thc time haB arrived now when you must pull yourself out of that old-time "slough of despond" and go after
business! GO AFTER THAT MILLION-A-MONTH PAY-
BOLL! /
fl And how best to do this? Bight here we come to the
"community spirit" part of the programme. Show these
workmon, these trade unionist people, that down doep in
you, you appreciate thom and that you want their custom,
their patronage. Talk to them through The FederationiBt,
their own publication, and convince them that you're talking to them. Don't merely submit "copy" to this office in
an apathetic, half-hearted way, but give us "copy" that will
appeal to our readers—these workers—and show us and
show them that you really and whole-heartedly WANT your
share of that quartcr-pf-a-million-a-wcek, and you'll get it!
fl And this is thc way to cultivate, to develop that "community spirit" that the mayor wants to see a little more of
here in Vancouver; and you can "do your bit," Mr. Merchant or Business Man, with respect to organized labor, by
a more liberal use of the advertising columns of Organized
Labor's weekly newspaper THE B. C. FEDEBATIONIST.
Advertise in its pages! Devote more space to publicity!
Keep your name and your wares before our. readers, and
show thom that you want to get acquainted, and you'll find
that you have made firm, warm friends of them. Remember that they are doing a lot of thinking these days. Help
mold these thoughts so that the proper "community spirit"
may become a real, live, meaningful thing in our city's business life.
Advertising Manager
The B. C. Federationist
Ltbor Temple
Vancouver, B. O.
AUSTRALIA IS STILL
QUITE SAFE FOR
r
How Premier Hughes and
Junkers Were Smashed
at the Polls
Canada May Be Prussiani-
eh But Australia Refuses to Fall
[By W. Francis Ahorn.]
STDNEY, N.S.W., Dee. 27.—(Special
to The Fedorationist).—A smashing
triumph! No othor torm can oppress
tho defont suffered by the Hughes government of conscriptionists in Australia at the hands of thc electors of
Australia on December 20th last. For
the second timo tho electors of Australia have most emphatically decided
that undor no circumstances will thoy
assent to the Prussianizing of tho manhood of their country. Indeed the recont victory is. moro pronounced than
that of the 191G referendum, in as much
as the .majority against conscription is
moro than twice as gront. This, too, in
spite of tho many devilish devices on
the part of the cconscriptionist governmont to swing a victory for themselves.
A Dirty Campaign.
The campaign which onded on Decembor 20th last in Australia will long
bo remembered in that country as absolutely tbo dirtiest on record. Every
conceivable trick was thought out and
worked up to gull the electors inta voting for something altogether foreign to
tho spirit of the Australian Commonwealth. Tho opponents of democracy
didn't hesitate to frame-up tho question submitted to the peoplo for answer
in such a way as to complotely hide
the fact thot conscription lurked behind
it. They askod the olectors whether
thoy "were in favor of the government's proposals to reinforce tho then
at tho front." This appeal to sentiment does not reflect much credit on
thoBO concerned, moro especially as
thoy placardod tho fact that if it was
turned down it meant that thc Australian soldiers would die in tho
trenches, and that Austrnlia would pull
oat of the war. In short, patriotism
wns jigged by tho political scoundrels
who, in tho words of Dr. Johnson, make
patriotism their last refuge.
That tho poopl«, in spito of thc vilest misrepresentations, turned the question by a huge majority, proves beyond
all doubt that tho days are past when
tho thinking masses cnn bo ring-nosed
and led liko cattle at a villago fair. At
least, that is the opinion here in Australia on questions of thiB kind. Only
the future will reveal juBt what evil
and anti-AuBtralian tactics were adopted totry nnd swing a vote in /avor of
conscription.
Some Canadian Methods.
Wo know that over 10Q,000 electors
were debarred from voting because they
happened to have been born in enemy
countries, or that thoy were the sons
or daughters of persons so born—people
whose only crime was that, detosting
conscription in other countries, came to
live in Australin (nt thc invitation of
past tory and conservative governments, be it noted), in something approaching freedom. It is a new kind
of justice that demands that those
folks Bhall holp pay the taxes of a
country and bo sent to flght its battles,
yet must not bo allowed to have a voto.
We .have yet to discover by what warrant thc Australian constitution, guaranteed a f|po people by the late Queen
Victoria of Britain, was deliberately
smashed to bring this about—anyhow
it is not going to bc allowed to rest
there.
Other moves wero tho altering of the
election day from a Saturday half-
holiday to a Thursday (thiB to debar
as many of thc workers' from voting
aB possible, wc presume) and tho cIob-
ing of tho rolls almost immediately instoad of giving the necessary proclaimed seven days' notice. ReprcBBivo
measures and regalations—the liko of
which has nevor been known before
in Australia, woro introduced in order
to whip up a majority for conscription.
It is to bo hoped thut thc result of this
referondum has taught those responsible a hsson—that it is dangerous to
interfere with the liberties guaranteed
a froe poople under Their constitution.
A Real Labor Press.
For the grent victory which places
Australia in tho forefront of tho
world's domocracy we have to thank
the thousands of earnest workers who
performed Trojan fonts in the face of
pitiless opposition, nnd *ho Labor press,
which, ns in 101(1, plni-i'd iiiinfia'tulftblo
arguments before the public. That
some half-a-dozen Labor papers (headed by the Austrnlian Worker), cojld
hold at bay a thousand conscriptionist
newspapers and confound their politics
at overy turn, is something that makes
us journalists controlling the publicity
enmpaign feel just a little proud. It is
also tho boast of the anti-conscription-
ist party that not a single error was
mado in the enmpaign—everything
worked with clock-liko precision.
Self-imposed Handicaps,
On the othor hand, thc conscriptionists were handicapped at ovory turn,
and oach wook addojd furthor to their
discomfiture. Tho constitution of a
vicious politicnl censorship, which twas
somothing , now for Australin, almost
causod an open revolt on thc part of
the press, 'Even the conscriptionist
newsp'apors were squealing against it.
Of course tho censorship put ovor thom
was nothing to that put over tho Labor
proBB—notably the Australian Worker
—at the hands of tho political censors.
With tho lifting of tho politicnl censorship, following some very straight talk
botwoon tho journalists and the Australian government, camo thc institution of a vicious law known ftB the
"ono Ho and I'll havo you" law, which
waa worked mon.ilowly to intimidate
'speakers and writers.
Many of the prominent anti-conscrip-
tioniBt spcukors—politicians as well ns
laymen—were hnulcd up nnd fined for
breaches of this new law, while several
Lnbor papers woro also dealt with.
The Australian Worker found itself arraigned on no less thnn six charges.
Of thoso one wns dismissed, and fines
woro ordered in four of them, while in
the other case it was withdrawn alto-
W. FBANCIS AHEBN
Thn  Federationist Australian  correspondent.
gethor following a most damning ex
posurc of thc censorship methods in
tho witness box of a public court.
This exposure of tho special treatment
handed out to anti-conscriptionist newspapers was the means of us securing
thousands upon thousands of votes.
How Not to Do It.
The actions of Hughos, and his bittor
feelings towards his political opponents
discouraged ovon his own follower's and
supporters, and drove thousands of them
ovor to the anti-conscriptionist side.
Whilo in Queensland he ordered a raid
on tho Stato Hansard, which was an
undoubted infringement of state rights.
This caused a revulsion of feeling
amongst tho old constitutionists, who
left him in thousands. Then at a little
placo he was hit with an -egg, and this
incidont waa magnified a hundredfold,
and sproad far and wide as a '/riot"
of huge dimonsions. Ofcourse, when
tho police reports wero forthcoming ot
tho incident, nobody was inclined to accept his word again. In short, ae was
held up to contempt and ridicule, and
branded as a man whose word nobody
would believo. As giving some idea as
to what kind of receptions he got from
the public, it is only neceBBary to state
that at ono of the very few open-air
meetings he addressed, he found it
necessary to be protected by no less
than 580 polico. This may scorn a tall
story, but it is God's truth—thore boing 20 mounted troopers, 269 foot police, and 300 specinlj)olice sworn in for
the occasion—and tne information is
culled from tho conscriptionist ptess
itself.
A Modem Janus.
Then again, HugheB* double-faced attitudo on the sectarian question told
against him. He openly attacked a
Boman Catholic archbishop of good
standing in Australia, tnd this led to
one of the fiercest sectarian fights that
,this country has ever seen. One weok
he was hurling coarse insults on tho
Catholic people of Australin, and the
noxt he was making smug appeals for
their votes. This caused level-minded
people to regard him as a political adventurer of tho worst typo. As a result
of this the stato of Victoria, which last
referondum was in a majority fof conscription of over 60,000, swung right
round to anti-conscription, and now has.
a majority of somothing near 20,000
for no-conscription—a swing back of
nenrly 80,000. This is duo entirely to
tho introduction of sectarianism by
Hughes in an attempt to swing the
whole protestant vote in behind conscription.   Happily, of course, it failed.
Indecent Exposure
Although Hughes instituted regulations carrying dire penalties for any
person who attempted to mislead thc
people or influence them in voting, he
hintsolt wus the piimo offondc iigii.tist
his own laws. He engineered every possible scheme to mislead the people and
when ho fuutid this failing, aet out to
threaten and terrorize them by promising thom a reign of terror if conscription was defeated. Ho aecuBed everybody opposed to him of boing pro-GtT-
mans, I. W. W., Bolos, Bolsheviks, Sinn
Foiners, disloyalists, traitors, deserters
of thc boys in the trenches, and what
not. While he accused those opposed
to his truculence of lying in stating
that he nevor kept a pledge, he was
stumping the ouniry telling the people
himself that unless 113 got conscription
he would not honor one of hiB pledg'-s
How then could he expect any man or
womnn with any shadow of honesty to.
believe him nt all?
Winning the Vote of Women
Another contributing factor to the
defoat of conscription was thc amazing
admission by HugheB that, if conscription became law, he would forthwith
'' organize'' thc women for nlltional
service to take the place of men on tho
HncB adopted by tho governments of
Fruncc and Britain. Ho* he hoped to
sccire tho women's votes by promising
thom oconomic Blavery in Australia we
don't know, for he should surety know
that in Australia the women arc not on
tVo verge of starvation na in European
countries, noither nre thoy willing to
scab on the men folk under any consideration. Ho must hnve lost thousands
of womon's votes in this way.
It would be a long Btory to further
nutlino the contributing factors other
than abovo to the victory we have
Bcored in Australia. • But withal, it has
beon a great fight und a memorable victory—though far more strenuous a campaign than any before it. It is safe to
say, of courso, that there is not a worker who took part in it who would have
been out of it. December 20, 1917,
will go down in the history of Auatra-
lia ub a day of national rejoicing^-the
day whon Auatralia declared for tho
second time that the liberty of her people should remain inviolate.
How dospcrate HugheB was playing
for conscription may be seen by the
fact that prior to tho vote boing taken
he pledged his own political lifo as
primo ministor of Australia and tho
fato of his government on the roault.
Wo knew when he made this announcement that ho was beaten, and never let
up on him. Ho gave him an unmerciful
political hiding and sent him reeling
undor our smashing blows.
What is tho rcBultf At tho time of
writing, nnti-conscription has a majority of nearly 200,000 votes, and ennnot
bo beaten. Evory dry's count is adding to tho mnjority for no-conscription. Today over 40,000 of tho soldiers'
votes came through and thoy givo us a
.majority of over flOOO for anti-conscription. This from tho mon who arc actually doing tho fighting in the trenchos,
remember. Wo'may even go to a majority of 250,000 agninst conscription.
When you consider that the majority
against conscription in last year's re-
PATRIOTISM IS I
LAST
A
F
As True Today as When Uttered by Famous Englishman Many Years Ago
A Slogan Used by Rulers to
Befuddle and Befool
Their Dupes
[By J. M. G.; in Thc International.]
"Patriotism, tho last roBort^of a
scoundrel," applies just aB aptly today
as whon used many yoarB ago by Dr.
Johnson. The patriotism of tho capital*
ist class is quito natural und easily
understood. They, as the possessing
class, havo everything to gain by the
continuation of the present system of
society. They are top dog and natural
ly wish to continuo ia that position.
Thoir position as top dog enables
thom in times of peace, as of war, to
annex all the good things of this life.
Having control of the political machinery of state, with tho productive and
distributive forces, thoy have the mass
of tho pooplo under thoir thumb, and
compel them to submit to any conditions'thoy deem fit, to their own selfish intorests.
By the machinery at their disposal
they are able to create an environment
that moulds the psychology of the
masses, giving them the mental kinks
that compels thom to seo society, not
from the point of view of the intorest
of the masses, but from the distorted
view point of identity of interest with
capital.
Tho ruling class in all past phases
of societies as today have played upon
tho emotions of the subject class. The
samo process with vory littlo variation,
haB boon used, "no caso, abuse the
othor sido," it may be "womon and
children outraged," "our country,"
"culture vorsuB barbarism," or any of
the hundred and one shibboleths that
may fit the particular enemy, are trotted out to hypnotize the mo«ses into a
patriotic fervor that will make them
servile tools to flght tho battles of the
master class. The enthusiasm worked
up is such that they becomo mad for
tho time being, and arc not responsible
for thoir actions, more especially those
that flght their country's battles by
staying at home. The enthusiasm of
these stay-at-homes is such that if they
wore in the trenches they would be a
menace to their comrades, who in their
own intorests would have to put them
in straight jackets to prevent them going for the enemy on their own initiative, und thereby upset the plans of tho
military authorities.
This so-called patriotism of the capitalist class is a veneer of the thinnest
type. At the base of it ia profits, moro
profits, and still vagre profits. They
have Bold themselves body and soul for
profits,- and have in the past sold their
country, as was done by tho capitalists
of Franco to the Germans; in 1871, during tho Paris commune, and will do so
again if they can seo profits in the
transaction. To these parasites there
is no patriotism, it is a slapdash sentiment used to gull the unthinking
masses, making thom the ready tools of
Bchoming politicians and wire-pulling
profit-mongers eager to annex the markets of the world to dispose of the surplus values stolen from the workors.
Their so called patriotism has never
stood in tho way of fleecing the public.
It is rotten to the core, and will go
tho way of all shibboleths and make
way for the broader expanding now
life that is behind it, the international
solidarity of tho human race irrespective of raco or color.
The patriotic and benevolent (f)
lords of industry are working tho confidence trick of emotional patriotism
for all it is worth. It is an emotion
that involves the othic of roguery. How
proud the British should be to belong
to the mighty empire "upon which the
sun never sets."   The Union Jack, they
ferendum wns 71,000, and this time
quite 150,000 were wiped off the rolls
as alien voters or who could not get
on owing to thc closing of the rolls
on a day's notice, you will see just how
triumphant our victory hus been this
time.
Disposing of the Corpse
At the time of writing arrangements
are being made for Hughes to vacate
tho position of prime minister of Australia. Even hiB own followers arc taking up thc hue and cry againBt him,
and dozens of them and the conBcrip-
tioniat press arc blaming him for losing
the fight by his despotism nnd trucn-
lonco. They nro putting the boot in
with merciless effect—his most valient
supporters leading in this attack of
kicking their leader when ho is down
with defeat. Of course, it might be
assumed that Labor would go into
power, but we do not want to see Lnbor
in in tho federal government now till
the war Ib over. The win-the-war's
have got the country into such a pretty
mess with the voluntary system, repatriation, war loans, and othor mutters
that we want them to carry on with another leader and got right over their
heads in the slough of political mud.
We'll be better able to deal with them
then when the war is closed. There's
nothing like a full mensure of tyranny
to get tho people's back up Bnd we
want to Beo tho peoplo of this country
who votod for thom laBt May soaked
good and plenty with it, so that they'll
not forget in a hurry. We are advising
our political Labor mon not to havo
anything to do with the business nt all,
but force the win-tho-war's to eloct another leader, now thnt Hughes iB kicked out by thom. If Labor were to get
into power now, it would hnve to justify in somo measure, nil the ills and
evils that have nlrendy been dono, nnd
try and in somo mnmior resuscitate the wholo businoK!>. Candidly,
it is impossible while the war is
on, and wo recognize that the
government th'nt iB in power at the
close of the war will be bndly shattered. For that mason wo still want to
see tho representatives of cnpitnlism in
pow*r till thoy soak thc people properly and tench them to be more class conscious in tho future,
Tlio tido is flowing Btrongly for
Labor now, nnd whon wo are ready to
take charge, we will sweep the Conservatives completely away. Of that I
have no doubt.
are told, is seen in every seaport on the
earth's surface. The "heroic patriots
dying for their eountry,'' a country
thoy never had any claim upon, and
and which has always denied to 'the
majority the right to live as human be-
inga and participate in that superior
culture of which V present wo hear so
much.
The. day is not far distant when the
cant of patriotism, with all the sentimental trash of dying for "our country," will lose its force to induce the
workers of any country to slaughter
the workers of another.
The nauseous cant about heroes, an'd
the glories of war, will soon be recognized as neither heroic nor glorious, but
merely manifestations of thoso primitive qualities inherited from our Simian
ancestors, without the excuse they had
for fighting.
iTho dry bone of patriotism circumscribed to nationality is about to give
place to tho ideal of humanity on an
international plane. The economic
forces are fdrming within the national
societies, that must find expression in
the closer union. The law of evolution
determined by theso economic forcoa
will compel the national units to unite
on an international basis creating an
environment that will kill the patriotism that Ib exploited today by the national capitalists, and will open the
broader, vista'of humanity as a whole,
making clearer to the workers the position thoy stand in relation to capital,
and revealing in unmistakable language
that the interest of all workers, irrespective of country, race or color, are
Identical, and stand opposed to those of
the capitalist class.
Such is tho law of evolution as shown
in the development of human societies.
First the tribe with its primitive
needs, expanding to the nation by the
grouping of a number of tribes, owing
to economic conditions, leading to
groups of nations forming economic or
what is usually tormed commercial
treaties, eventually giving place to the
international or world wide federation
of humanity.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON A OO.
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630 UrtnWHt stmt
tit Butted Stmt mut
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Ofooilte labor TompU
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Oafa at Bassualnt Bate.
ELECTRIO FIXTURES
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The Juris Electric Co., Ltd.
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fc,*un.l travels nt tho rato of 1070
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The Tale of the Tin Can
The Allied Governments request tbe
citlsens to do away with tin containers as much aa possible, so as to
preserve the meta),for war purposes.
When Tou __r
EMPRESS COIfliE
you do not pay for a tin wblch Is
ultimately thrown away—wasted.
And you pay 10c for the container
—that's why your Coffee costs
you   50c.
EMPRESS COFFEE Ih now put iu>
ln weather-proof double lined sanitary sacks, and sold at 40c per lb.,
instead of  50c,  as  formerly.
Bj)t It'a tbe aame famous "Empress" Coffee—sold under the same
"money back" guarantee.
Your grocer will grind It for you.
Empress Mfg. Co.
Limited
VANCOUVE8, B. O.
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For Quality
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at 36c and 40c
Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, Itl    36c
Sliced Belfast Ham, lb    40c
Sliced Back Bacon, lb    40c
Slater's Tea, lb    30c
Slater's Coffee, Ib    26c
Finest Quality Lard, 2 lbs...   66c
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».  PAIIM   PETTI1-IBCH
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\Lecr\ieJ**7 PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
..Jannary 88, lt>»
' '    ../-.W3
Save Money by
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YOU Union Men would not hesitate to spend
$35, if you knew that by so doing, you would
save $10 or $15.
THAT is just the situation right now in regard to Hart-
Schaffner & Marx and Claman's Canadian clothes.
Prices will be very high Boon, and if you don't purchase
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THE ORIGINAL UNION OENTS' CLOTHING STOBE
LOOM. TBADES UNION DIBBCTOBT
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelands, Box, 66, Vancouver, B. U.
Bakers' Union—No. 179. J. Black Kaslo
street.
Barbers—8. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenue
west, Vancouver, B. C.
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424, Vancouver, B, C. „„.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill,
B. C.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaBt, Vanconver, B. C.
BoilormakerB—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Btreet,
Boot and Shoe WorkerB—Tom Cory, 445
Vernon drive.
Brewery Workers—A. E. Ashcrolt, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth avenue west.
Brieklayera—William 8. Dagnall, Labor
Temple, Vancouver,  B.  C.
Brothorhood ol Carponters District Council—
J. G. Smith, Room 208, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C. _    . .   _
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood street, Vancouvor, B. C.    Seymour 1848R.
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Enginemen—H. G Savage, 12S5 Hornby
street.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brothorhood of Maintenance-of-Way Em-
ployees—■]_. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Butchers and Meat Cutters—Thos. Anders-jn,
431 Seventh avenuo eaBt, Fair. 1674R.
Cigarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory,  Georgia street. ■
City Fireinon'a Union—8yd. Jackson, No. 1
Fire Hall,  Soymour street.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison, 1885 Woodland  drlvo. , ■    _
Civio Employees, North Vancouver—6. T.
Jonkin, 153 Sixth street west, North Van-
COUVOr. ...       -a.   -er 1
Cooks, Waitors, Waitresses—W. McKensle,
Room 209, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple. ,     *    ___
Engineers (Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander,  Labor Temple
Freight Handlers—li. S. Duncan, 1868 Eleventh avenuo east.
Granite Cutters—Edward Harry, Columbia
Hotel. _   .  .
Garment Workera—Ada Hawksworth, Labor
Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Temple.
Lathers—Thos. Anderson, 481 Seventh avenue east.
Letter Carriers—Robt.  Wight,     177   Seventeenth averue west.
1 Longshoremen—F.  Chapman,     804    Pender
street west.
Longshoremen's Auxiliary, No. 88-52—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe street.
MachinUts—J. Brooks, Room 211. Labor
Temple.
Machinists, No. 777—W. Street, 12 Fraser
block, North Vanconver.
Machinists, No. 720 (Garagemen)—H. H.
Trail, 746 Gilford street.
Musicians—E. J. Jamieson, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Molders—G. F. Nichols, 121 Sixth avenne
west. „
Moving Picture Operators—A. O. Hansen,
P. 0. Box 345.
Order of Railroad Conductori—Q. Hatch,
761 Beatty street.
Painters—D. Lemon, Room 808, Labor
Tempi*.
Plumbers—J. Hays, Room 20614, Labor
Temple,    Phone Sey.  8611.
File Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    P.O. Box  1820.
Pressmen—E.  Waterman,   1167  Georgia   St.
Press Assistants—Thos. Graydon, 6727 Oui-
ledon street, South Vancouver.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteenth avenue west.   Phone Bay. 2215L.
Pattern Makers (Vancouver)—E. Weatmoro-
land, 8247 Point Grey road.
BUSINSSS AGENT DIBBOTOBT
Ask for Labor  Tempi*  'Phont Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated)
Boilermakers—J. H.  Oarmlchael, Room 212,
Labor Temple.
Bridge  and  Structural  Iron Workers—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 2647—F, L.
Barratt, Rqom 208.
Butchers—H. M. Graham, 280 Union atreet,
Sey. 55S8L.
Electrical Workers—E. H.  Morrison,   Room
207,    Phone Sey. 8610. '
Cooks   and   Walten—W.   MeEensie,    Room
209, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear
ley, 437 Gore avenne,    Offlce phone, Sey.
4704;   residence, High. 713R.
Longshoremen's      Association—Gordon      J.
Kelly, 804 Pender street west; 'phone Ser.
6359.
I. L. A. Auxiliary—B. Winch,    486 Howe
street.    Phone Sey. 6869.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving  Picture  Operators—S.   Halg,   Room
804.
Musicians—E. A. Jamleson, Room 805.      i
Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
Pattern Makers—H. T. Nightecalet,    Room
212, Labor Temple.
Pile  Drivers  and  Wooden  Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room 206 K, Labor Temple.
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,  Room  206 H,  Labor
Temple.    Phone  Sey. 8611.
Sailors—W.  8.  Burns,   218  Hastings  street
west.    Pbone Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders'   Laborers—W.   Hardy,     Boom
217,  Labor Temple.
Shipwrights    and    Caulkers—J.  Bromfield,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stage Employees—H.  Pearson,   Room   804.
Steam   and   Operating    Engineers—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A. Hoover.
corner  Main   and  Prior streets.    Phon
exchange Sey. 5000; residence, Fair. 641R.
Teamsters—J. F. Pool, Room 206 H.
Trades and Labor Conncil—Victor R. Midgley, Room 310. »
Secure shares in the Emporium Oompany. See advt page 8, Ofllce open
evenings until February 2, ***
Railway  Mail   Clerks,   Vancouver   Branch—
Charles Felix, R. M. 8. offlee, P, 0. Bldg.,
Vancouver, B, 0.
Retail Clerks' Association—A. F. Glen, 1078
Melville street.
Seamen's Union—W. S, Burns, P.O. Box
. 1366.
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple,
Stonecutters—Alex.  Doff,  Box  1047.
Sheet Metal Workers—Geo. Bowerlng, Vancouver Heights P. 0.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—Room 219, Labor
Temple.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. Hardy, 446
Twenty-third street welt, North Vancouver,
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chu. Feree,
95 Powell street.
Street Railway Employees—A. T. Lofting,
2561 Trinity itreet.
Stereotype"—W. Bayley, o|o Dally Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B.  Peppin.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 508.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, No, 666—B,
Showier, 1076 Robson street.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Oeo. W. Allln,
P.O. Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-tbird avenue east.
Trades and Labor Counoll—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical Union—H. Neelands, Bov 66.
DR. W. J. CURRY
301 D0MHJI0S BOrLDIHO
CORNER CAMBIE ANO HASTINOS STREETS
BINO UF BEYMOUR S354 FOB APPOINTMENT
AT
Practical Man Opens  the
Eyes of the Meeting on
Ground Fish
A Scheme Was on for Leasing Trawler at Big
Figure
Everything was going aB merrily as a
wedding bell at Mayor Gale 'a conference at the board of trade rooms on
Wednesday night ovor the question of
producing ground fish for the lowering
of the cost of living, till Russell Kear-
ling, of the Fishermen's union, who,
with Gordon J. Kelly, president of the
Trades and Labor Council, and J. H.
McVety, was in attendance as the rop-
reBontative of Labor, took a hand.
John Wallace and W. H. Greenwood
had submitted a proposal that the government hire a trawler at $6,000 a
month, and another $4,000 a month for
operating expenses, to conduct the fishing of ground fish. In a report they
made to the meeting it was pointed out
that flBhortaien were getting from $500
to $800 a month, and, it was proposed
to cut thiB to $200, etc.
After Bro. Kearling got through
there was much merriment among those
who had no trawlers to lease. It was
explained by the practical fisherman
that he had been fishing since he was
twelve yearB old—on tho Labrador
coast, the Grand Banks, inland waters
and on this coast. He showed it was
utterly impossible for a fisherman to
make $800 a month, or even $200. He
showed the average earnings of fishermen, from statistics from Seattle,
Steveston, Vancouver, Ketchikan, etc.,
to bo $130 a month at the highest, and
$30 a month the lowest.
He alBo took occasion to draw to tho
attention of thc gathering the fact that
a trawler such as it waa proposed to
lease at $10,000 a month, cost only $50,-
000 in the first placo. He Baid ho understood that Mr. Wallace and another
man proposed to put on a boat themselveB. Mr. Wallace was present, and
did not enter a denial, Bro, Kearling
made some disclosures on the operating
expenses of a trawler which caused
much amusement. He also said if the
fishermen would be guaranteed $150 a
month, less than it was suggested they
would be reduced to, he would be glad
to go back to Mb old occupation.
BORDEN YIELDS
Finally Postpones  Conference Over Question of
Labor Conditions
Victor B. Midgley, business agent of
the Trades and Labor Council, and vice-
president of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, leaves tonight for Ottawa to attend the conference of labor men on the
subject of labor conditions throughout
the Dominion. The conference will
Btart on January 29. A few days ago
a so-called "conference" with "labor"
was held in Ottawa, but it was successfully protested as not a representative gathering, and whatever it would
decide would have no national influence in labor, or, for that matter, any
other circles. Telegrams and resolutions protesting against thiB camouflage conference were received thick
and faBt* by the government at Ottawa,
so it was decided to postpone the conference and invite a more representative gathering. It iB generally understood that this conference is to be made
the excuse, if possible, for the importation of Chinese coolies, a horde of whom
are reported to be already at William
Head awaiting the succosb of the na*
tion-wido plot of the big interests.
Big Social Affair.
The I. L, A, Auxiliary will act as
hosts to the visiting delegates to tbe
B. C. Federation of Labor convention
at a whist drive and dance, which will
be hold in the Lester court on; Monday
noxt. The D. 0. K. K. orchestra will
bo in attendance. The Mission Confectionery Company ia looking after the
refreshments. Tickets will only be obtainable by memberB of organized labor and their friends. It is intended to
set a standard in successful entertaining that will be long remembered in
Labor circles.
You Complain About the
"High Cost of Living"
YOU would like to keep down your
weekly bills; that is the ssme as
having your salary raised.
The middlemen get rich at your expense.
You can cut down your food bills by
doing away with tho middleman's profits,
saving a tidy sum each week without
skrimping.
Secure shares in thc Emporium Company, Limited.
A store will bc opened at 823 OranviUe
Street as soon after the first of February
as tlie necessary alterations can be made.
The first department to be opened is the
food department, consisting of groceries,
meats, lish, poultry and vegetables, in
fact everything for thc table.
As a shareholder in this store you buy
your goods at cost, plus thc actual cost of
handling, and as a shareholder you know
exactly what that expense is,
As a shareholder you will also partici
pate in the profits on goods sold to the
general public.
You can get all these privileges for an
investment of $10, which gets you ten
shares of stock. In addition to the purchasing privileges, you draw a dividend
on these ten shares in the same proportion as the larger shareholder. No person
can purchase or hold more than 250
shares.
Tho board is composed of men well
known to you. Many of them arc officials
of your unions. Their sincerity and ability are unquestioned, Their plans are
well laid.
You are interested in the vital problem
of reducing the cost of living. You will
want to know more about these plans. If
so call at tho office, or telephone, and have
a representative call on you and explain
how you can both save and make money.
From January 25 to February 2 the
offlce will bc open evenings until 8.30.
The Emporium Company, Ltd.
814 Bower Bid* 843 Granville St
TeL Seymour 3223
The Sale of Dainty
Undermuslins
Continues
Make Selection Now
PAY A VISIT to the Underwear Section on the
first floor and you will
appreciate that this sale
affords an opportunity
well worthy, of your interest. Undermuslins of
all kinds are represented
at prices that will strongly appeal tc those who desire to economize. Note
these:
Corset Covers
SPECIAL AT 25# —Of
cambric with yoke of
heavy linen lace and made
with peplum; sizes to 44.
SPECIAL AT 35^—Of
heavy lace or with dotted
yoke. Several styles to
choose from.
Drawers *
SPECIAL AT 35^ —
With tucked, plain or lace
trimmed flounces.
SPECIAL AT 450 —
With deep flounce or two
hemstitched tucks, also
with cluster of tucks and
frill of embroidery.
Nightgowns
SPECIAL   AT   650 —
Sllfciover style, with round '
yoke of embroidery.
SPECIAL   AT   750 —
With lace yoke,  ribbon
run, or with V-neck of embroidery.
Petticoats
SPECIAL AT 650 —
Made with tucked flounce
of embroidery.
SPECIAL AT 750-Of
(good quality cotton, made
with tucked flounce and
dust ruffle.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
IS
HIS CHINK
Either He Is Not Telling the
Truth or He Is Paying
More Than Others
PLANS APPROVED
TO RAISE MONEY
FOR LABOR TEMPLE
(Continued from Page One)
Letter Carriers—P.1 Knowles, J. McCarthy,
R. Kirkwood.
Longshoremen—G, Kelly, J. Mahone.
Machinists No. 182—J. H. MoVety, G.
Lyle.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson.
Musicians—J. Denis, A. J. Malacord.
Mtllwurkers—W, Kean, A. Gordon, A.
Graham.
Meatcutters—N. Bratewell.
Plumbers—F. W. Welsh, J. Barton, D.
Hughes, A. Cowling.
Patternmakers — E. Westmoreland, H.
Nightscalei, R. MeDougall, R. Oswell.
Plasterers—A. Hurry.
Personal—G. R. Hilchegs.
Painters—H. Grand, J. Wilson, R. Steven-
ton.
Piledrlvors—W. F. IronBldeB.
Street Railway Employees—J. Hubble, F.
A. Hoover, J. Byron, W. H. Cottrell, J. Price,
R. Clark.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. Friend, A. J.
Crawford, G. Bowerlng.
Sailors—W. 8. Burna.
Shoemakers—T. Corey.
Shipyard Laborers—M. Phelps, J. McLean,
G. Kilpatrick.
Steam Engineers — W. Vaughan, D.
Hodges, G. Mickleson.
Tailors—F. Williams, J. Ellsworth, J. Linden, A. R, Gatenby, J. Madden, T. Wood.
Typos—R. P. Pettipiece, C. Benson, G.
Bartley, R. G. Marshall.
Teamsters—F. Poole, B. Showier, G. Pet-
rie,  W. BurgesB.
Warehousemen—A. C. Stewart.
Total, 77.
Again tho whole situation waB reviewed and discussed until nearly midnight, and a more enthusiastic bunch
of trades unionists have not assembled
in Vancouver for many a day. The
recommendations of the old directorate
were not only concurred in, bat an
amendment was submitted and adopted
which will provide for a permanent assessment of ten cents per month until
the Labor Temple company is free of
debt and owns Ub quarter-of-a-million
dollar home absolutely unencumbered.
The First Proposal.
The flrst recommendation calls for
each union to arrango for tbe purchase
of three shares by each member, at $1
each, preferably in three monthly instalments.
The Second Proposal.
The second recommendation, which
has been referred to the incoming
directorate, with power to uct, is the
consideration of a scheme to becomo
parties to the putting on of a carnival
under the auspices of organized labor,
with proper safeguards to tho good
name of organized labor, by whicb the
first $25,000 raised goes to the Labor
Tomplo company, and the overs to some
charitable institution yet to be agreed
upon.
Shareholders' Adjourned Meeting.
On Tuesday evening the shareholders
held their adjourned-meeting, and practically carried out the instructions of
the meoting of the previous ovening.
New Directorate Elected.
Thero wore eight new directors to bo
elected, Messrs. James Campbell, Jos.
Byron and Helena Gutteridgo having
ono moro year to SBrve. As will bo
noted above, the new directorate is
thoroughly representative of tho organized labor movement, including some of
the newer and larger organizations.
At tho close of the shareholders'
meoting, tho new directors held an informal meeting, and elected Gordon J.
Kelly to succeed B. P. Pettipiece as
presidont, the latter having declined
nomination as a director, whilo J. H.
McVoty was re-icloctod as secretary-,
treasurer. Tho new board will hold another meeting very soon for tha purpose of preparing plans and naming
Bub-eommittees to carry out tho pro-
Is One of Those Urging Importation of Chinese
Coollie Labor
Henry F. Mytton, manager of the
Bi C. Fruitlands company, was down
from Kamloops the other day, nnd gave
a daily newspaper nn interview, in
which he made the statement that he
was paying $60 a month to his head
Chinese, and $55 to the others. Mytton
is one of thoBe who are working for
the importation of coolio labor, with
the sole object of uot producing more,
but of benefiting his own pocket, if
one may judge from thc fact that if he
is really paying $55 a month he iB very
kind to the chink laborers compared
with others of that section of country.
For instance, at the Tranquille sani-
torium, the pay of the head dairyman
is $50 a month, and he is a white man.
The second dairyman gets $45 a month;
other white men hauling coal get $45 a
month, and the Chinose farm hands receive $40.
It is not customary for an adjoining
farmer to pay moro than his neighbor,
so it is figured from information neceiv-
ed from Kamloops that Mytton is paying tho high wages he says he is to
Chinese wholly in his imagination, and
to attempt to mnke a case stronger for
throwing down the immigration bars to
coolie lubor from China.
Typographical Union Notes.
The regular monthly meeting of Vnncouver Typographical Union No. 220,
will be held on Sunday next at 2 p.m.,
in the Labor temple.
H. L. Corey represented No. 226 at
tho NorthwoBtorn Typographical Conference convention held nt Portland,
Ore., during the past week, and his report will be made nt Sunday's meeting.
Being unable to find a time when all
its members arc not at work, tho executive committee will meet at 10 o'clock
in the morning on tho day of the regular meeting of the union,, instead of
Saturday afternoon us heretofore.
Pre-Inventory Specials
For one week only from Friday, January 26, until fhe lit of
February
Fifty OVEJtCOATS of medium weight fabrics in slip-
on and Chesterfield stylo.   Regular $20 and $22, for
$15.00
Another lot of 50 coats or more, including the «el«-
brated Kenneth Durwood Coat. Regular $35 aad
$37.50, for
SHOP OF
$27.00
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 GRANVILLE STREET
FEDERATIONIST CAMPAIGN FUND
visions of the recommendations of the
shareholders.
Now for the Big Drive.
Things are looking good for the La-
Things  nre   looking   good   for   the
Labor Temple company, and the prospects for its redemption at  an eurly
date are first-class.
A dofinite plan having been decided
upon, it is clearly up to every union
and every member to enter heartily into the spirit of the campaign for raising the necessary money, A. long pull
and a strong pull will get results.
Secure shares in the Emporium Oompany. See advt. page 8. Offlce open
evenings until February 2. ***
The B. 0. Fedoration of Labor Ib atlll In need of fundi to cover expense!, both la i	
tlou with the political campaign just cloned and alio to prepare for by-electlona In B. 0. te
the near future. For this reaion The FederationiBt hai decided to re-open Iti Campalga i
Fund and appeals to all the worken, who can, to "do their bit" by giving aU thar aaa to-
wards this Important fund. Cut out tho above; fill la yoir name and addratl Md tht
amount you arc willing to contribute to the campaign fund of the B. 0. Federatloa af Labor
and forward with enclosure to B. Farm. Pottiploce, Labor Tomple, Vaneouvar B 0 Tho
amounts will be acknowledged from week to week and forwarded to tho B.' 0 F of L
treasurer   to be used In securing the election of Labor representation.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Previously'asknowledged  flfi.iiS   W. Yatei, New Weitmlmter |i.so
A seasonable
coat—
A shipment of the latest word in
Light-Weight Raincoats
THESE COATS ARE BEAUTIES! They represent
real value in every way—are right up to the latest style
—Trench, Slip-ons, etc.
YOUR CHOICE IN BROWNS, GREYS OR MIX-
TURES—if you want to see the very latest in raincoat!
yet turned out by the manufacturers, see this line,
$12.50 to $25.00
Under Our Guarantee—'Your
Money's Worth or Your Money Back'
(mtfol
\M\\e\i\k\t\im\m__m
35^47^9 Hattinos St Eajt.
33 and 47-49 HASTINGS EAST
k

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