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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 23, 1917

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mtotttvpap    Nn 47 A TWELVE PAGES VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAYllORNING, NOVEMBERS, 1917 '. (u<Zao?™)   /&'pER,TOa1
NINTH YEAR.   No. 47
Bring Pressure to Bear on
City to Force Tax Sale
of Property
Plan to Seize Holding of
Delinquents in Spite
of Moratorium
Metal Trades Council Postpones Action for the
Time Being
Adjustment by U. S. Board
Not Wholly Satisfactory
There or Here
The gallant mortgage and loan
sharks of this city are becoming positively enthusiastic in doing their bit
towards winning the war and making
the world safe for democracy of the
mortgage and loan variety. According
to Aid. Gale a concerted effort is now
being made by these worthies to compel the city to order a tax sale of all
property on the delinquent list. Aid.
j Gale is authority for the statement that
' no such sale is necessary at the present
time in order to provide funds for carrying on the city business. The city
treasury is in good shape and does not
require the infliction' of any such unwarranted hardship upon delinquent
property owners, many of whom, no
doubt, have been forced to become delinquent through causes arising out of
the present war.
But mortgage and loan companies
have been aptly described as being
"without souls to save, hearts to feel
or bodies to kick." They are out for
the goods at all times, whether of war
or peace. lt is no easy matter to
effect foreclosure by the peace-time process just now. Under thc existing
moratorium the unfortunate one who
has become delinquent in his payments
has at least some protection. Foreclosure by the usual process must be post-*
poned until after the war. But property values are rapidly returning to the
status of boom days, and severe and
painful are the heartburnings of mortgage and loan sharks who are forced
to allow the glorious opportunity to
pass to grab back a property tbat has
perchance been largely paid for and the
unfortunate owner of which has been
forced into delinquency in his payments
through the exigencies of the war
period. Perhaps the delinquent has
succeeded in paying half or two-thirds!
of the original sum, and now that he
has become delinquent in his payments
what a glorious opportunity is afforded
the patriotic mortgage holder to once
more become possessed of the property
at a price that would' make of it a gilt-
edged investment. No wonder his heartstrings are cruelly wrenched when
foreclosure becomes impossible. And
still less is it a matter of wonder that
he turns his fertile brain to the task
of ferreting out some* other way of
ousting the delinquent and reaping the
rich harvest that thc opportunity afforded by war and other calamity has
laid at his door. That many of these
delinquents are doing their bit for their
country (mortgages and all) in the
trenches of bloody Europe, need not
and does not deter this mortgage patriot
from demanding and taking his pound
of flesh by any route he may be able to
discover. If he cannot foreclose, he
may perchance be able to bring such
pressure to bear upon the city officials
as to induce them to order a tax sale
of such property as may be in the delinquent list, and this loyal and intensely patriotic mortgage and loan shark
will thus be able to bid the coveted
property in for the taxes.
The Quit Claim Deed.
The Federationist is informed that in
numerous cases delinquents have been
bulldozed or bullied and frightened into
giving these conscienceless rogues quit
claim deeds for thc property sought.
How such rascals must chortle with
glee over the stupidity that can be
bullied or frightened so easily into compliance with the schemes of rogues. The
Federationist advises every delinquent
property owner, and more especially
those who are of the working class and
compelled to depend upon the hard-
earned wage of slavery to keep soul
and body together and meet thc inexorable demands of capitalist thieves and
rogues in general, to refuse to surrender
any property, of whatever character, except by due process of law, and even
then to beat it if possible without getting into jail or being hanged. And iu
giving such advice the Federationist
feels confident of receiving the approval
of all business men, for is not that thc
very spirit and Ihe breath of life of all
Oh, Glorious Vlstal
Houses are now in far greater demand than they have been for some
years past. Rents are going up. Ten
ants are now to b.e had when formerly
they were conspicuous only by their
scarcity. Tbe employment of some thousands of workmen in shipyards and other
industries pushed to thc front by the
war, has caused a return of real estate
values that fled when the boom of a
few years since busted. And now if the
sorely tried mortgage scalawag could
only repossess himself of the property
upon which payments were no longer
met, what a tasty morsel of well deserved revenue he could gather unto
his wallet through the juicy rents he
might be able to sequestrate. It does
seem like an unwarranted hardship imposed upon a loyal and patriotic soul,
to do aught to frustrate him in such a
worthy purpose as that of squeezing
some unfortunate delinquent, who is
probably doing battle for his country
at $1.10 per, out ol his fancied property. Better by far that the soldier's
family be thrown into the street, or at
least be allowed flic splendid'privilege
of paying a just rent to an insolent
landlord, than that a, foul wrong be
done to a most noble and intensely
patriotic mortgage and loan shark, or
even a corporation made up of that
sort of good stuff.
Watch the Play.
Now you who in Vancouver do dwell
and have your place of abode, provided
you do faithfully and truly either meet
For the tme being tha Metal Tradea
Council has decided to take no action aa to the award of the adjustment board which has handed down a
decision as to the difference between
shipyards and men of the Puget
Sound and Portland districts, await-
Ing which decision the shipbuilders of
Prltlsh Columbia decided to continue
work under protest.
The award was not satisfactory to
the allied unions on the other side
of the line, and a protest was made
which is now In the hands of the
metal trades section of the A. F.ofL.
The decision Is considered unsatisfactory.
At the meeting ot the Metal Trades
Council Wednesday night the award
was threshed out. One portion of It
which the Munitions Board would
have apply to B. C. and which Is
made applicable only to Portland on
the other side, Ib that carpenters be
allowed to do shipwrights' work, Thla
is not applicable to yards outside of
Portland, though there it is a sub*
ject of protest* and a board, composed of a member of the local, the
company and a joint selection of
these two, Is to have a hearing on the
"A Two-Edged Sword in a Silken Sheath"
Waitresses Excite Popular
Admiration By the Fight
They Are Making
McLeod's cafe, which is unfair to
organised Labor, Ib Btill holding out,
against thp WaitreBieB who went on
strike. The girls are striking for one
day off in seven. They do not ask for
Sundays off especially. A fair deal is
nil tbey nsk. The public Is recognizing the justness of the girls' demands.
Expect  to   Have  Another  of  Their
Record-breaking Crowd!.
The Clgarmakers' union, which holds
all records for crowds at a local
dance, announces that another masquerade ball will be given under their
auspices on Friday, Nov. 30. They
expect a big crowd. The clgarmen
hold the record of 886 people at one
ot their annual dances. They are
going after the record this time. Dominion hall has been selected for the
affair and arrangements have been
made with the D.O.K.K. orchestra to
furnish the music.
A handsome list of prizes will be
distributed, among them being a gold*
headed umbrella and a $25 ladles'
watch which will be drawn for.
The committee is now at work perfecting all arrangements, and com*
prises Bros. Swartz, Thomas, Teltjen,
Cunningham and Halawell.
Imperial Theatre Unfair.
The Imperial theatre on Main street
has been placed on the unfair list of
the Vancouver Theatrical Federation.
It Is the only showhouse In the city
that Is unfair. It is expected that all
theatrical employees will be 100 per
cent, organized inside a month.
V. E. Mldgley, B. 0. T. of L.
candidate for Burrard, will open
Ills campaign in Ward Six with
a mass-meeting in 1*0. O. F. hall,
Oranvllle St. and Seventh Are.
Weet, on Monday, Not, 26, 8 p.m.
J. H. McVety, B. 0. T. ol L.
candidate for Vancouver South,
will alto addreu tbe meeting.
All mem&ien of organlied
Later ln tha* ward are urged to
BOBDBN: "At Uitl Z Uv# Mcompliibid thai wblch trtn th* Kaiser vould bt proud of, namaly. conacription In tbo land of
tbo fro*. Jail for thaw wbo dan oppoaa mt and lait, but not Itaat—bogo prow for 197 fxlonds aaa starvation pricts for dtptn-
dtnti of loldltrs and tbo poor.   Suroly X am dawning of an iron crou.
Standpat Liberals Feel Like
Dog With Exceedingly
Sore Nose
Englneera' Dance Tonight.
The   Steam   and   Operating   Engl
neers' local will give a dance at tho
Labor temple tonight.    A big crowd
is expected.
your payments or pay your rent, just
keep your weather eye upon this little
tax sale play in thc City Council, that
most noble and august body presided
over by his worship (it is to snicker)
the Mayor. Make a note of who leads
the change out "over the top" on behalf
of the organized mortgage loan sharks
and their delectable scheme to beat the
moratorium and reap the harvest while
it is yet ripe. Also take note of those
worthy members of that undoubtedly
august body who rally to thc support
of the scheme. Remember it is not the
city's financial need that impels the
council to consider the matter of forcing delinquents to the wall by means
of a tax sale. It is the mortgage and
loan companies of the city that are behind the precious plot to dispossess of
their property those against whom they
hold claims, that have been inadvertently unable to meet. It is a manifestation of that same old iniquitous trait
that has marked thc landlord and the
mortgage shark as legitimate targets
for the execrations and curses of all
men down through the ages during
which they have been privileged to inflict tlieir disgusting presence upon the
sons mid daughters of decent people.
And after you have thought all of these
things over and have taken note of the
actors in this attempt to gouge while
the gouging is made good by the God
of war, line up with the working people
of this city and of the earth to bring
about the day when no power shall bc
allowed to any man or set of men to
dispossess any other of the house he
inhabits or thc land he tills. Let us put
.an end to the infamies and impositions
inflicted upon us all down through thc
ages.   And it is about time.
Labor Candidate Austin to
Address Meeting on
Nov. 26
REVELSTOKE, B. C, Nov. 20.—We
have a good live bunch here and
boosting I, A. Austin to some purpose.
The standpat liberals feel like taking out an Injunction against us, (or
having the audacity to put up our
sign, "labor Committee Room," but
we are here to stay and the liberals
will have to make a better sh.. vlng
than what they are doing, squabbling
amongst themselves, to find a reason
why Maxwell, their candidate, was
nominated. All we see Is a dog-in-
the-manger attitude, can't win ourselves and will not allow the labor
candidate any show.
Austin's Crime.
A Nelson lawyer visited here last
week and some of the Revelstoke
people were asking him who this
man I. A. Austin was. Ho told them
he knew bim for being a levelheaded
fellow and had done good work In
Nelson council, but to remember he
was only a worklngman. What a
crime!   A worklngman.
Combed or Swept?
The Brotherhoods at this point want
to get the cobwebs combed out of
their heads, as they make the break
that they put the liberal candidate
into the provincial house and a good
many of them are wandering In a
lost manner and can't see that labor
stands for them. If they would but
follow the speech of Mr. Calvin Lawrence, delivered before the Trades
and Ijtbor Congress. He says If we
were to get about twenty lubor mem*
bers on the floor of the Dominion
house we could acompllsb more ln
ono year than has been accomplished
In the last twenty years.
I. A. Austin will address a labor
meeting in Revelstoke on .Monday,
November 20,
Quarters on Hastings Street
Were Remodeled by
Oriental Labor
While the Victory Loan cunvasserB,
who, by the way, are being paid for
Iheir work and aro not doing it altogether out of patriotism, as a lot of
them would have the public believe,
huve been soliciting the working cluss
to buy bonds, they had the old Hill
store on HaBtings street remodelled for
their uso, not by white carpenters, but
by Chinese. For all anybody knows,
Chinese may own the property. But
that is no excuse. The work was for
the Victory Loan people. This In the
face of the fact that committees of thc
Victory Loan canvnsBers visitod several
works and urged organized labor men
to buy bonds. It is a sample of tho
class of men mixed up in this drive for
pcrcontages under the guise of their
great ''patriotism."
Teamsters'   Mass   Meeting
Last Night Takes Decisive Action
Headquarters   Established
and Routine Work
Well in Hand
Lord Northcliffe Ought to
Know and He Says
Waitresses' Danoe Success.
Another successful dance was given
by the Waitresses' union Wednesday
nfght In Dominion hall. About 250
couples were ln attendance. Music
was fumlBhed by Weavers' orchestra,
The next dance the waltreseH will
give will be sometime next month
and the same good time Is promised.
Bat Iobb bacon. Flavelle needs the
familiarly known nn '"Mock," was born In
Winc.ifii-iu in IKitO. nntl mint- io Caiindu 22
yenrs ago, nnil I.mi. fi-nldi'il for the )>bh1 10
veins in Ni'Imiu. Few men In tho Wrat
Kimtenny nre hs well known as "Mack"
Aunt in.
Mr. Aimiln tint- I ti In the Lahor movement for 86 yenrs and haa boen In the employ o( the C. I*. K. an aUanifitter for 1ft
yean, H« I* chairman of tho local hranrh
of the Brotherhood of Railroad Carmen and
member of the schedule committee for Ihe
western linen.
Por the last six yean he hai been a mem
bor of the Nelion city council.
It apeak* well for Mr. Austin's popularity
when, bouillon carrying the unanimous support of thu Labor convention at Nelson, tho
received hetirty enilorsatlon at Ihe Liberal
convention at Trail, the final vote for can
dldates beitiK. Attain 1)2, Maxwell 40.
Give Employers Till Monday
to Carefully Think
It Over
Two hundred and fifty men employed
us teams tern in general cartage concerns in tho city will go on atrike at
12 o'clock noon on Monday if the employers do not come through with a
new scule of wages satisfactory to tho
union. This was decided at a protracted meeting last night in winch tho mat-
tor wus discussed in all its phases. Tho
men have boon endeavoring te get action from tho omployers since Oct. 17,
and hnvu at last decided to insist on
the employers either meeting their demnnds or submitting to a strike.
Tlio retail deliveries will not go out
yet, but the strike, if it continues, will
spread in its effect and eventually will,
in all probability affect all delivery
work. The union of teamsters nnd
chauffeurs includes nearly every man
employed in every kind of delivery in
the city.
The vote for tho strike was not
unanimous, but the aOlrmativn votes
woro overwhelmingly strong. Thc vote
wus an a proportion of about 80 for a
strike to every 1 againBt, and thc hall
was crowded, thero being about GOI.t
men present.
It is possible thnt tho employers may
consent to the new schedule before
Monday, and thus uvert tho strike.
The federal minister of Labor has appointed a board of conciliation to deal
with the dispute between tho Canadian
Northern Railway company nnd its
maintenance of way employees. Thc
board is composed of Chief Justice
Mathers of Manitoba, chairman; Mr.
John Halg, for tho company, and Mr.
David Campbell, representing tho mon.
All tho members of tho board reside in
A notice of motion waa submitted
at the last meeting of tho Carpenters, No. 617, that the local subscribe
to Tlio Federatlonist In a body.
Local Press Aids Federation
Ticket By Vigorously
Knocking It
VICTORIA, B. C, Nov. 20.—A central committee-room has been obtained
on Broad street, a series of cartoons
will be exhibited in the windows, aud
in other places in tho city. A public
meeting will be hold on Saturday in
tho Princess theatre. The two Island
candidates and E. T. Kingsley being
tho speakers.
A mooting will bo held in Marks
HaU, Saanich, on Friday next, in the
interests of the Nanaimo candidate.
The committee is a live one and is
daily getting .more assistance from the
members of organized Labor.
The publicity committee has undertaken the task of seeing that every
elector in the two ridings is in possession of the platform of the Federation.
Meantime, Tlie Federatlonist has received the best boost it ever had on
the Island.
Local contributions are coming in
very satisfactorily, but more will be
needed before the campaign is over.
The Nanaimo Tiding will entail considerable expense, but looks to be one
of the best chances, a' live committee
being at work in Nanaimo and another
at South Wellington.
The interest id Vietoria is steadily
growing. The daily press is very active in knocking, both directly and by
insinuation. This, however, is only to
be expected.
Threo candidates are in the field, tho
"Unionist" candidate, a Laurier-Lib-
eral and the Federation candidate. The
two Island candidates are visiting all
local unions, and are meoting with
fine receptions.
Big Crowd Thoroughly Enjoys Evening
of Cards and Dancing
The campaign whist drive and dance
was the success which was anticipated.
A large crowd attended, and tho whole
top floor of the Labor Temple was requisitioned for thc occasion. Following were prize winners at whist:
Ladles' prizes—MrB. A. Alcox, score
95, first; Mrs, Eva Thurlwcll, 92, 2nd;
Mrs. A. Edmonds, 63, 3rd.
Men's prizes—A. A. Charles, 95, lBt;
Miss Foxcroft, 89, 2nd; W. U. McDonald, 57, consolation.
Tho whist programme was enjoyed
by more than 150, and twelve hands
wero played. Djring the Interval, Dan-
son & Lambert of Pantages theatre,
gave an interesting acrobatic exhibition. When tho whist party concluded,
thc dance started, and music wns supplied by Weaver's splendid orchestra.
Refreshments were looked after by
Misses Foxcroft nnd Dagnall and Gutteridge.
Business Men: Do you know The B.
C, Federationist goes into thc hnnd of
men and women who hnvo tho money
to spend that gooB to make up Vancouver's enormous payrolls? It is read by
the people who are intelligent and who
know whore to place their patronage.
Tho Federationist is their spokesman.
Talk to them with advertisement. Patronize their paper and they will patronize you. ' ***
Local Business Agent Has Gone to Victoria to Help Formulate
W, A. Alexander, business ngent of
tho Steam and Operating Engineers'
locnl, has gone to Victoria to uBsist iu
thc formulation of plans to bring in an
S-honr dny in ull mills of the province.
Official sanction to undertake thiB movement has been received from thc international. It will bc undertaken jointly
by the locals of Victoria and Vancouver. At tho meoting in Victoria the
executivo there, .with Alexander's assistance, will discuss tho line of action
to be taken.
Another Lord Saya Anple
Food Supply b Most
Lord Northcliffe, head of the Britiih
War Commission to the United States
and Canada, at a Canadian club luncheon in the city of Montreal, atated:
Sometimes we only think of the navy
in terms of battleships, destroyers and
submarines. Added to these afe thousands of small craft, trawlers, drifters,
observation ships and on every one of
tbese, summer and winter—and do not
forget we have, a very, severe winter
in the North Sea and North Atlantic-
are men who must have their daily full
ration to carry out their work.
"Quite apart from our navy, whicb
has prevented any German ship from
appearing on the ocean for the last
eighteen months, are the men in the air;
Can you conceive a man going through
that hellish life, 18,000 feet up, clothed
in electrically heated clothes and supplied with oxygen to enable him to
breathe, can you imagine him doing
that on half rations?
"Can you imagine the boys in the
trenches surviving a week if we had to
cut down their pork and beans and the
various things they have to cat? And
can you imagine the men and women
working in the factories and mines, here
and in Great Britain going short?
These are some of the reasons to which
we in Great Britain attach such enormous importance in the control of the
food of the people."
Speaking in Toronto Lord Northcliffe
"The question of the food supply of
the army was, with the military exception of transatlantic shipping, the vital
question of the war."
Food Most Essential.
The following extract is from a statement recently made by Lord Rhondda,
the British Food Controller:
"The information I have is that during the forthcoming twelve months our
minimum requirements in foodstuffs
from the United States and Canada will
amount to over ten million tens, and
will represent an expenditure, without
freight charges, exceeding 12SQA-KMXI0,
or, roughly speaking, between three and
four million dollars a day. Most of this
will be for the purchase of cereals, hog
products, sugar and meat.
"The danger of the food situation lies
not so much in the submarine .peril as
in the world shortage of cereals, meats
and fats. . . . The tightening of the
blockade is a two-edged sword. Imports
of bacon and other products into the
United Kingdom from Denmark are
thereby bound to be seriously reduced.
This throws us more than ever upon
the North American continent (or our
supplies. What we ask from thc United
States and Canada we cannot procure
elsewhere. Unless the Allies in Europe
are able to import the supplies necessary for feeding their armies and their
civil populations, victory may slip from
our united grasp."
Speaking in Winnipeg on Monday
night, October 22, the Hon. T. A.
Crerar, Minister of Agriculture, read a
cablegram from Lord Rhondda the
British Food Controller, saying:
"That the Allies needed from America the next year, ten million tons of
foodstuffs, representing an expenditure
on wheat, flour, bacon and other products of three to four millions a day.
Canada, with the United States, must do
her share in conserving her food supplies, and increasing her production."
Again Lord Northcliffe speaking in
Chicago on October 24, 1917, said:
"1 do not see the signs of the bridge
across the Atlantic without whicli all
this recruiting, all this enthusiasm, all
this manufacturing will be null and
void. Therefore, I urge you, entreat
you, to believe that your army without
transports will be valueless.
"In this matter of shipping you strike
at n vital point in thc waging of the
war.   If you cannot get thc supplies to
thc men it seems to me almost idle to
add to your already vast army."
Organisation Benefits Are Already Becoming Evident to New
lt is tlio intention of tho Moat Cutters to demnnd it minimum wage scale
of 4*2.1 a weok. The prospects aro very
bright that employing shops will groat
this without a groat deal of opposition.
It is generally recognised that this class
of labor has been greatly underpaid ln
the past.
As to the question of hoars, it Is expected that this matter will be settled
by the city council, under the provisions of the act which gives the city-
power to establish set hours for any
class of lsbor.
This Is Expected to Grow Into a Loesl
of Oreat Strength
Whilo tlio warehousemen, at their last
mooting enrolled only fifty memberB,
this Is considered a good showing for
nny organisation meeting. Another
meeting is to bo hold tonight, and it is
expected that moro than a hundred new
mombcrs will bo addod. This local gives
promise of becoming ono of much
strength nnd importance to tho organizod lnbor movement.
Help for Waitresses.
The following additional contributions to the waitresses' strike fund
have been received: Letter Carriers,
!10; Railway Carmen. $6; Amalgamated Carpenters, (10; Bartenders,
For. the Purpose of Dlsousson a Betterment of Working Time..
In order to give opportunity for
those who live at a distance from the
shipyard, to retch their homes tn
better time, employees of J, Coughlan
ft Son will hold a special meeting tt
2:80 Sunday afternoon at the Labor
temple. The will Uke np the question of working a half hour at noon
on the day shift, ending the day lor
this shift at 4:30. and 'allowing tto
No. 2 shift to finish at 12:30, living
them more time to get to their hornet.
Olympia Cigars Unfair PAGE TWO
$16.50 and $18.00 Men's Tweed
Closing-out every tweed Raincoat that sold formerly at $16.50 and $18.00, at $11.75. Smart new
tweed effects, guaranteed in every way.
$2.00 Pure Wool Heavy Rib
Eureka pure Nova Scotia wool Heavy Ribbed
Undershirts and Drawers.   Extra special value.
Arnold & Quigley
YOU'LL flnd it hero any time yoa call—
bere waiting for you at RICHARDSON k
POTTS—the atore that covers the entire
HAT field.
13.00 to 96.00
$1.00 to |2.60
*      Um_j Lines of Union-Made Hats
: Potts Lti
417 Ownilla     N<nr cor, Hastings
Demand the Best    •
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All tbe »bove brands in tyewtd and bottled by anion workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try out Pea Ooal foi yonr underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
We put the Union Label on all
Suits ahd Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen—
Wa do this as a guarantee that you have received the best of work-
manahlp throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters bava for years given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
war* wearing clothes that fit—clothes that were built for them. See
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. The prises on
ou made-to-order Suite and Coats are the lowest consistent with standard goods and expert worktaanship.
Everything Is Heavily Discounted at
Saba's Annual Holiday Sale
The discounts run as high as 20 per cent, and apply to everything in our stock.  Here are a few examples:
Wo aro making a heavy cut in all those garments.  Now is your chance
to get a nice one at very moderate prico:
Plain padded silk gowns, reg. $7.60, for .'. $5.45
Plain padded silk gowns, reg. $8.50, for 87.45
Embroidered padded silk gowns, reg. $0.50, for  98.45
Embroidered padded silk gowns, reg. $13.50, for 810.95
Buy your Victory Bond beforo it is .too late.
*SABA BROS., Limited
A National Clearing House
Proposed to Deal
With Slaves
FBIDAY...,, November 23, 1817
1001 KAI* 8TEBBT
Joe Naylor Points Out the
True Inwardness of
the Scheme
It should be ooinortlng to the roturu-
ed soldier aa well as the impecunious
civilian, whoso impceuniosity compolB
him to offer his services us a wngo slnvo
upon tho ultnr of the true profit, to
know thnt their dear and solt'-sncrific-
ing toasters ure sitting up nights hatching schemes for the continued orderly
and satisfactory extraction of proflt
juice from thoir hides and cnrcaBCS,
after the god of war has got sick of
them. That thore will bc a plethora of
this wago slavo junk in the market
after thiB glorious war is evor ib a safe
assumption. How best to deal with the
situation and bo shuffle thc surplus as
to koep it tamo nnd gentle in submission, is a problem that is taxing the
ingenuity of tho toasters and rulors of
these slaves juat now. Tho happy
thought has evidently occurred tothem
that au arrangement, euphoniously
termed a natioual labor exchange,
whereby tho surplus may bc shuffled
and shifted daily, as cancelled
cheques are shuffled and shifted
daily in the clearing howe,
might afford ft flotation of the problem.
In this taanner the surplus of slaves in
the market could be tabulated, shifted,
shuffled and exchanged continuously,
and thus being kept in motion kept out
of mischief. Energy expended in mov
ing aboat from place to placo wouldnot
be available for expenditure along lines
moro dangerous to the stability and perpetuity of our glorious christian civilization. And then again, it would be
most convenient for those philanthropic
and soulful personages whom divine
providence hath commissioned to provide work for wago slaves, to have the
requisite number of recipients of their
beneficial ministrations readily at hand
whenever the spirit of benevolence
prompted them to bestow jobs upon tho
meek and lowly, they who shall inherit
the earth later on. Take it all around
it is a grand schetoc, and well worthy
of tho disinterested souls who have, at
thoir own timo and expense, brought it
forth as a panacea for human ills and
a powerful levor for the moral atfd ethical uplift of a world weary and heavy
The following, beginning with a communication addressed to Joe Naylor,
president of the B. 0. Fedoration of
Labor; speaks for itself. It also speaks
volumes for the buBinosB instinct and
sagacity of thoso self-commissioned
ones wuo mako it their business in life
to watch over and guard the slaveB of
industry againat any and all habits and
practiees that might be conducive to
mental gout or fatty degeneration of
the soul.
The Communication
Montreal, Oct. 27, 1917.
Dear Sir.—One of the most serious
problems which Canada will have to
solve at the close of the war, will undoubtedly be the assimilation of the
labor, both skilled and unskilled, which
will crowd upon her at that time. This
labor will consist, not only of our own
returning soldiers but of those from the
disbanded armies of Europo together
with numbers of civilians who, for various reasons, will be seeking new homes
across the  Atlantic.
The true solution of this problem Is,
of course, the stimulation of production
by getting more settlers on our vacant
lands, and more industries established,
but the first step should be the creation of a Dam Inlon-wide labor exchange
with a central office in the Department of
Labor at Ottawa and clearing houses In
each of the provinces, linking up the
various provincial and municipal employment bureaux now operating or which
would be created by. the Inducement of
Federal aid.
As the situation stands at present,
there Is no organization available for
the proper distribution of labor throughout the Dominion. Several o£ the provinces and a few of the larger cities have
established public employment bureaus
but no co-operation exists between these
offices and each one has a diflvrunt way
of doing business.
The situation in the United States is
very similar to that ln Canada. There
are a large number of isolated State nnd
municipal employment bureaus operating
but no co-operation exists between the
various bureaus, and aside from the Department of Immigration wtiich 1m3
turned Its offices temporarily Into em-
I -loy merit bureau, no organidation exists
for the proper distribution of labor
thioughout the country. Anv steps taken
by the United States towards u solitlon
of their problem should therefore be very
interesting from a Canadian viewpoint.
At a meeting of the American Association of Public Employment offices held in
Milwaukee on September 20th, and Hist
Inst, a proposed BUI wns adopted providing for a National Employment Service In the Department of Labor, through
which Federal aid would be granted to
the State and municipal emuloypient bureau co-operation with such aervice. This
proposed Dl]] with a t'.-w amendments
would seem to also meet 11 j».• situation
as it exists in Canada* and in order that
we may know the views of thoso officials
and organisations in tha Dominion
directly Interested In labor and employment matters, I am taking the liberty
of sending yon a copy ot' (no proposed
United States Mill and would much appreciate an expression of your view* as
to the advisability of simitar legislation
in Canada.
Yours very trulv,
Chief Commissioner.
Jaa. Naylor, Esq.,
President B, C. Provincial
Federation of Labor,
Cumberland, B. C.
The BUI.
To  promote  the   welfare  of  Industries
and wage-earners of the United States;
to extend the United States Employment Service in the Department of Labor; to regulate employment agencies
doing an Interstate business; and for
othor purposes.
Sec. 1. That there Is hereby extended
and established in the department of
labor a United States Employment Service, ln chargo of a director who shall
be appointed by the President and shall
receive a salary of $5,000 per annum.
Tbere shall nlso be in tho service such
assistants, exports, sjiucial agentB, clerks
and othor employees as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this
act and an may from time to time be
authorized by appropriation or other
Sec. 2. That tho Service shall: (a)
hnve general charge of any and all employment activities of the Department of
Labor, and, subject to the approval of
the Secretary of Labor, prescribe rules
and regulations for the conduct of the
Service; provided that no wage-earner
shall be directed, without full notice to
any eitabllflliment wherein a strike is
known to. exist or to impend; (b) collect
and furnish to wane-earners and employers accurate Information In reference to
employers Seeking workers or workers
seeking employment, using any appropriate means for securing and distributing
such Information and for preventing misrepresentation and the dissemination bf
misleading statements by other agencies
purporting to convey such information;
(c) to co-operate with all public employment office* Id devising, installing,
and from time to Ume amending and Improving the best adapted, most efficient
and economical systems of records and
methods of conducting business for such
offices, and interchanging information
with all such offices or other authorities
and organizations having to do with
similar work; (d) encourage and aid
state and municipal authorities in establishing and operating public employment offices in conformity with standards
approved by the service; (e) license and
regulate private agencies engaged In the
Interstate employment business for proflt.
Sec. 8. That tho servico may « subdivide the country Into districts and
zones and therein at convenient locations
establish clearing houses for employment
information to which public employment
offices located within such districts may
make regular reports at such times and
coniuiiiing such employment Information
and relevant date as the Director may
roipiiit It shall lie the function of euch
clcirinp houses to connect offices re^ls-
terhK employers seeking workers but
unable to supply them from their own
patrotiB, with offices registering workers
of the type desired but Unable to connect
them with opportunities for employment within the districts which they
respectively serve.
Sec. 4. That for the general purposes
of this Act is hereby appropriated out
of any money ln the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of....:	
dollars for the fiscal year ending June
;t0th, 1018. That lor the purpose of aiding States in establishing and maintaining public urn piny in cut offices there Is
hereby appropriated out/of any money tn
this Treasury noi otherwise appropriated
the following additional sums:
For the fiscal year  ending  June,
1018 ...,'. dollars, and for the i
cal year ending June 30, 1919, and annually thereafter the sum of dollars.
Sec. 5, That the sums so appropriated
in each fiscal year shall .be allotted to
the states ln proportion to the sums
which they have appropriated and expended for the maintenance of public employment offices during the current year,
but such allotment shall be made upon
the condition that for every dollar alloted from the Federal fund the state receiving it shall expend during the current year for the maintenance of public
employment offices not less than one dol
In computing the allotment of any
state sums expended by municipalities,
counties, or other districts in the state
shall be Included; Provided, that the Employment Agencies of such municipalities, counties, or other districts are under the supervision of and **e co-operating with the State Public Employment
Any money allotted to a state on the
basis of sums expended by municipalities, counties or other districts ln the
state shall be turned over by the state
to such municipalities, counties, or other
districts ln proportion to the sums which
they have expended In the maintenance
of public employment* agencies. The
United States Employment Service shall
annually ascertain whether the States
are operating their public employment
offices ln accordance with the purposes
and provisions of this Act and of the
standards set from time to time by the
Director with the approval of the Secretary of Labor, and on or before the first
day of January of each year shall certify
to the Secretary of the Treasury the
names of the States which -have accepted the provisions of this Aot and have
complied therewith and the amount
which each state is entitled to receive
for the current fiscal year. Upon sufli
certification the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the Treasurer or other
custodian of each state the money which
lt is entitled to receive and the money
so received by the State Treasurer or
other custodian under the provisions of
this Act shall be paid by him to the public employment bureaus entitled thereto.
Sec. 6. That in order to secure the
benefit of the appropriation provided for
in section four of this Act, any state
Khali. (1) through the executive authority thereof, accept the provisions of this
Act and designate threo or more persons connected with tho department of
labor or the public employment bureau
to serve as a State board, and have all
necessary power to co-operate as herein
provided with the Service in the administration of this Act; (2) appoint the
State Treasurer ■'■A* other state officer
custodian to receive and disburse mon
eys paid to the State from the Treasury
In pursuance of this Act; (3) empower
the State board to (a) organize a competent system of public employment offices.
with administrative power to make and
from time to time amend necessary regulations for securing the efficient and
economical operation of jsuch offices
within the state, in co-operation with
the Service; (h) to prepare and submit
to the Director of the Service for his
approval and to put into operation, when
approved, plans for organizing such offices such plans to include provisions
for operation of such offices by the state
separately or jointly with municipalities
or other districts and for the selection
of all officers upon competency and merit
and with tenure of office during good
behaviour and efficiency; and such offices
shall be required to make such reports
to the Director of the Service at such
times and stating such facta as he may
require. On or before the first day of
September in every year the State Treasurer or other state officer appointed as
custodian by any state shall report in
detail the expenditures of every public
employment office co-operating with the
Service and receiving funds under the
provisions of this Act, and the Board
appointed as herein provided shall report in full regarding the operating of
such offices, giving such facts aa may
previously be outlined and required by
the Director; all such reports being for
the period ending with the 30th day of
June next preceding.
Sec. 1. That no person, corporation
or association shall, without a license
Issued by the Directgj^ engage ln the
business for profit attending or persuading, inducing, aifflcing, procuring or
causing to be sent, from or to any point
within a state, territory or the District
of Columbia, to or from any point outside of such state, territory or the District of Columbia, or from any point in
a territory or the District of Columbia
to another point within said territory
or the District of Columbia (a) any
person seeking employment, or (b) any
information regarding employers seeking workers or workers seeking employ-
Application for such license shall be
made, under oath, upon blanks furnished by the Director and shall be ln such
form and contain such Information as
he mny require. The application shall
be accompanied by a bond In the penal
sum of Onc Thousand Dollars condition
ed upon the faithful observance of the
provisions of this Act and of any rules
or regulations Issued thereunder. Licenses issued under this Act shall run for
a period of not more than one year, shall
not bn transferable, and the fee for the
Issuance of each license shall be twenty-
five dollars.
The Director shall, subject to the approval of thc Secretary of Labor, proscribe uniform rules and regulations respecting applications for licenses, bonds
to be., given by licensees, and terms and
conditions upon which the business required by this Act to be licensed shall
be conducted by licensees.
Sec. 8. That if any person, corporation
or association licensed under this Act
Is guilty of fraud or misrepresentation
or violates any of the provisions of this
Act or any rule or regulations thereunder or any of the conditions of his
bond, the Director may revoke hts license
and declare his bond forfeited ln whole
or In part after giving him such notice
as the Director may deem sufficient and
an opportunity to answer the charges
against him.
Sec. 9. Any person, corporation or association who shall conduct the business
required by this Act to be licensed without first obtaining such a license, or
nfter his license has been -revoked and
before procuring a new license ln the
manner provided by this Act shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be
punished by a One of not less than One
Hundred Dollars nor more than One
Thousand Dollars or by Imprisonment for
a term not exceeding one year, or by
both such line nnd imprisonment.
Sec. 10. The duties required by law
to he performed by the division of information of the Bureau* of Immigration In the Department of Labor authorized by No, io of the Act of February 20,
1017, entitled "An Act to regulate tho
immigration nf aliens into the United
States" and the officers, clorks and other
employees occupying statutory^ positions
in the said division of Information are
hereby transferred to and combined with
the united States Employment Sorvlce
hereby created at such time and In
such manner, arrangement and organization as the Secretary of Labor may determine. All appropriations or allotments of appropriation hereto or hereafter made for the division'of Information shnll remain available for the said
division until such time as It shall be
Engineering Works Misrepresent Case of An
Many Men Here Could Fill
Place of Man Who
Was Exempted
Local machinists aro having a big
lu^gli over tho manner in which the
management of tho Vancouver Engineering works presonted tho case of W,
E, Moore, one of its machinists, and
thus Kucceedod in getting him exempted
from military sorvico. Tho ground exomption was applied for on was that
Mooro was running a machino for which
it would tako tho oompany aix months
to get another man to £11 Moore's
place. \
Tho facts aro that some two yeara
ago Mooro joined up and his place on a
machine was taken by a wohian. Tho
machine that he is running now is a
boring mill, which he was put on only
after the recent strike. The man that
ran this machine previously is working
elsewhere now, but thero are any number, of machinists in the town capable
of running it, so that the excuse of tho
Vanoouver Engineering Works is pure
Or Compel Its Owners to
Conduct a Union
The waitresses of McLeod's cafe are
on strike for a minimum wage, eight-
hour day and one day off in seven.
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
acting in conjunction with the Waitresses' union, has decided to inform
all people, especially business mon, frequenting McLeod's cafe, of tho roason
for tho strike, asking for co-operation
nnd support. Organizod Labor has a
membership of from six to seven thou
sand, with a spending quantity of no
ticoable extont. With a view of promoting harmony, thp members. of organized Labor have decided on a policy
of reciprocity, spending their money
whoro they are sure of sympathy and
support in their efforts to obtain better conditions. Those who aro frequenting houses unfair to organized Labor,
will lind organized Lnbor reciprocating
in kind, withdrawing their patronage
or custom in favor of those who arc
not lined up against them in their endeavor to obtain their just dues.
Fat Over at Tbe Orpheum
V.A—I.think Billy Sunday should
be given a medal.
V. A.—He has saved more souls than
any man in America.
S.—I 'In in favor of giving the medal
to Henry Ford1.
V. A.—Why, what bas ho eyer done?
S.—He has been responsible for shaking hell out of more people than any
man living.
Editor—Do you know how to run a
Applicant—No, sir.
Editor—Well, I'll try you. I guess
you've had experience.—Puck.
transferred to and combined with the
United States Employment Service as
herein provided. ' „ '_ ,
Seo. 11. Tthat this Act shall take
effect immediately.
The Beply.
Cumberland, B, C. Nov. 6, 1917.
Mr. J. T. Dennis,
Dew Sir: A short reply to youn received on the 2nd. I am pleased that
you recognize the handwriting on the
wall, re a stagnant and over-Hooded Labor market at the conclusion of the war.
And you ask my views and opinion on a
certain Bill which is likely to pass the
Federal House of Legislation In the
U. S. A. You seem to think when this
human butchering In Europe Is ended
this American continent will be the
dumping ground of not only Canadian
and American soldiers, hut also returned
soldiers and civilians from other countries. How you arrive at this conclusion I do not know, for you only make
an assertion without an explanation.
It seems you are anxious to assimilate
thit commodity which every proletarian
carries around with him whether he Is
a returned soldier or a clvilan, his power
to labor. But I am surprised though to
heor that you are already thinking of
making preparations for the exploitation
of the returned soldier, for after risking
his life nnd limbs for the corporations
and institutions of capitalism, it Is Indeed surprising that Capital or the owners of capital, In their generosity would
ever think of putting another yoke of
misery upon him by turning him loose
In an overllooded Labor market. But
I know he was always a slave, and a
slave he will remain so long as he Is a
believer and upholder of capitalism. But
byo and bye he may awaken to his true
position and take up his cudgel, not for
slavery, but for freedom, not for Labor
bureaus, but for a free opportunity to
work, and to receive for that work the
full value of his products.
You sny the true solution of this prob-
lem ts to stimulate production, and establish more industries. How can you
accomplish this when your markets are
gone? Has not the War itself stimulated production, and If this Is true then
Is not lt true that at the end of the war
a reaction will set In, and Instead of
stimulating production lt will act In an
opposite direction? Have not industries
sprung up all over the world to meet
war conditions? Have not we today all
kinds of commissions that were never
thought of before the war, but are now
necessary to stimulate production? But
what good will these commissions be
after the war, when the Bteel Industry
declines, and the sale of guns has greatly decreased, and ths. manufacture of
munitions has become norma!7 Won't
this have a great depressing effect on
other industries, as well as agriculture?
If these things are not true then I would
like you to explain to me ln the negative? If they are true then you have
not got the true solution to the problem. The only true solution to theso
problems Is collective ownership of the
means of production and distribution,
and may this condition arrive immediately nftor tlio war. I remain yours for
P.S.—You asked me for my views on
tbls matter. You have got them in a
brief ninnnncr nnd with the only solution
to all these Ivlls. But our convention
convenes in January and there may be
resolutions then brought forward bearing on this question.
Oarabaaa Oigan Unfair.
A Cheap Suit-or
a Good Suit?
Naturally you prefer a good suit; to get
one, to be sure of getting the right kind, you
must pay the price.
When you pay a fair prloe
you get—
* Certain good cloth
Shape-stayed Tailoring
Silk-thread sewing
Good linings
.    PorfSot fitting
Guaranteed satisfaction
When you pay a cheap prioe
you get— **
Fairly poor cloth
Slop-shop Tailoring
Cotton thread
Poor linings
Beady-mado fitting '
Guaranteed grumbling
No man can sell a $25 suit for $15, foe a good $25
suit costs a groat deal more than $15; and every merchant
must make a profit to live.
Semi-ready suits at $18 are not as good as Semi-
ready suits at $25.
Semi-ready suits at $25 cost more than any suits
tailored in Canada at the price—they aro sold direct to
the consumer for less profit than any clothing sold in
America.   That is a broad statement, but it is a fact.
Semi-ready suits are fitted an'd finished to exact
measure—free of extra charge.
"Sold ln Sealed Tim Only"
SEND your soldier a tin
of NABOB Vacuum Packed
Coffee. It is ready-ground,
ready to use, and bound to reach
him with all its richness, flavor,
fragrance and strength. Make
up your hamper todny. Send it
Kolly, Douglas & Co,,
Vancouver, B. C.
HEY! Did You Hear About
the Orpheum Cafe?
It hus passed into tho entire control of Mr. Jas. P. Dwyer, tho popular,
well-known and widely-appreciated CHEF who has so ably catered to
-your wants ever since the ORPHEUM CAFE first opened its doors to
the public.
Well, MB, DWYER is still on the job and is waiting to cook yonr
breakfast, luncheon or dinner so you can bo absolutely certain of the
moat appetizing edibles cooked exactly as you like them, und as you are
already aware they are served in such a manner and with sueh courtesy
that the most jaded appetite is tempted and revived.
It is the intention of MR. DWYER to greatly rcduco the present prevailing scale of prices without in any way interfering with the well*
known and justly-famous service, or in any way affecting, the high quality of food which has made this restaurant Vancouver's favorite resort
for tho business man, the shopper or the theatre-goer.
Vancouver's Largest Union House
The Orpheum Cafe
Opposite Orpheum Theatre
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Stymour 2483
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water,, best of hunting and fishing.    The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as ■
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOck    -   VANCOUVER, B. C. saasmmm
omgiu mpu
NINTH YEAR.   No. 47
The Highest Class
Today there are
3,000,000 Carhartt
wearers—all satisfied.
Insist on the Carhartt
make and you, too, will
be thoroughly satisfied.
B. C.   Made
Union Made
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
Houn: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Shone Seymour 2229 Closed Saturday Afternoons
Clubb & Stewart Limited
HEN'S SUITS and OVERCOATS from $15.00 to $35.00.
WORKING SHIRTS, in dark colors, cotton or wool.
CARHARTT OVERALLS, in blue, black or stripe.
MAOKINAWS, in plain colors and checks.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.1 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses aid Nursery, Esquimau Bud.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F C: Greenhonaei nnd Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Iu*
mond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Offloe: VANCOUVEB, B. O.
48 Haatinga Street Eaat,  Phones, Seymour 988-672.
Branch Store, Vanoouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9518
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one yeer'a subscription to Tk* B.
O. Federationlit, will be milled to say addreu in Canada for $10. (Oood anywhere
outiide of Vaneonver city.) Ordor ten to*
day.   Remit wben aold.
4J   Probably tlio mont Important work of tho dontist Ih tlio filling of
(J    This is both preventative anil cure. Not only docs tho process whon
properly performed prevent further progress of decay but It restores tho
natural contour and function of tho tooth.   No mattor how porsistently
and carefully wc may brush and cleanse tho teoth, thero nro crevices nnd
locations between tlie teeth ^vhich ennnot bo touched with a brush, and
hero the lodgment of starchy mntter of the food takes place which, when
decomposed, gonoratos lactic acid which is directly responsible for dental
(J   Many people do not; go to tho dentist until driven thore by pain.
This Ib an entirely wrong policy, for toothache in nino out of ton cases
mcan$ an exposed pulp or nerve and this usually means its devitalizing
and removal or tho loss of tho tooth and it frequently means both.
<q    Only now are wo, through tho help of tho X-rays, realizing the local
and systemic injury caused by dead teoth.     Thoy may appear normal
and yet in many cases the destruction of bono tissue and a puss cavity
at tho ond of the roots are tho products of tooth without pulps.
_ From this it is evidont that tho timo to visit thu dontist is beforo
the tooth aches, and at regular and frequent intervals. A small cavity
doos not encroach on your timo or ilnoncos much and can usually bo attended to with little or no pain. On the othor hand, if you delay this
duty, tho longer tho delay tho grcnter thc strain on your enduranco and
finances. I
_ . Bat even when you havo delayed until you think your teoth hope-
loss, in tho hands of the inodorn dcntiBt you may havo your masticating
appliances rostorod to a condition which in appoarnnce, efficiency and
comfort, often surpasses what naturo provided you vwlth.
fl For the noxt few weeks I will doal with tho rolativo value of different materials used in thc process of filling teeth. People, in purchasing food, do not trust entirely to tho grocer, but rnther to their own
judgment and they should also havo a genoral knowledgo of tho relative
valuo and cost of'materials used in filling teoth.
_   Instead of blind faith in dentists and doctors it is full timo for
pooplo claiming intclligonco to havo somo conception of what thoy need,
Almost any dentist and physician prefers co-operation to a confidence
fj   Seo my lottor to the oditor: Tho Labor Party of Canada,
Labor David: "Two Goltalks wilh but a single thought.   I'll gel 'em both nith one shot.'
A Sale of Ladies'
Fall Suits
That will appeal to all practical
buyers, is on at "Ladyware." A
brief sale, but an interesting one.
IT includes all the new Clothe and all tke
fashionable shades for this soason'e wearing.
OOAT8 are included in these genuine reduction
as well. Note the splendid saving lu the pried
given below:
$20.00 Suits for . $13.90
$25.00 Suits for. $18.90
$30.00 Suits for . $22.50
$35.00 Suits for . $25.00
Higher priced Suits reduced proporttonatelr
eci n-n».,:n„ nt       /    rt***.***. n.„nj«i.>n
564 Granville St.
Opp. Drysdale's
Demands That Wealth First
Be Seized and Used for
War Purposes
Addresses Mass Meeting on
Behalf of G. S. Gibbons,
a Labor Candidate
James 0, Watten, president of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
addressed a mass-meeting in London,
Ont., in support of the Labor candidate, O. S. Gibbons.
Ur. Watters spoke strongly against
tho policy of conscription, reviewing
the stand takon by the Labor Congress
at the St. John, Vanoouver and Toronto conventions, when unanimous votes
agninst such a law were recorded.
Ho recalled pledges given by Sir
Robert Borden that compulsion would
not be contemplated and promised to
consult tho Trados and Labor Congress
if he planned suoh a measure. This
was uot dono.
"I charge tho prime minister," ho
said, with cithor deceiving the Trades
and Labor Congress becauso the nation
is not in danger, or with betraying the
He held tho Labor party wob in
fuvor of conscription under right con*
ditions but wanted to start with the
cssentlnls required in conducting thc
"Wo wont tho assurance that tho
nation is in danger," he said.
Mr. Walters attacked "profiteering"
nnd demanded the conscription of
"Wo claim thut when"*the nation is
in danger," ho said, "all tho wenlth
of thc nation should bo used to protect
"But the government docs not think
so. The government says that wealth
is sacred and instead of taking thc
wealth thoy sny ' wo will confiscate thc
men.' Human lifo is above material
wealth, thereforo we claim that ma;
terlal wealth first of all must be taken.
Howover, the*government says 'no, we
will take the taon by the scruff of the
neck' whilo it allows the essentials
necessary for tha supply of these men
to be manufactured on the voluntary
"My candid opinion is that the Military Servioe act is an after-thewar
measure Tho idea of conscription is
to establish a military casto and militarism haB always been tho bulwark of
autocracy. Think vory carefully what
is behind tho Military Servico act. Bo-
member that in Germany whon the
workors threatened to wring conditions
from their omployers they wero called
to tho colors. In ovont of oppressive
monsures boing brought to bear on you
right now, you could bo called to the
colors and compelled to go back to
work at soldiers' wages. This act ean
bo perpotuated and then where would
you bof"
Tho speaker touched on Union governmont and declared that the nature
of tho Union government was contrary
to democracy.
Olympia Cigars Unfair
Vancouver Committee Haa Prepared a
Buy  Programme  Until
Election Day
Campaign Manager Miss Gutteridge
announces that meetings have been arranged at which the Vancouver South
and Burrard candidates will speak, as
November 26, 8 p.m.—I. O. O. P. hall,
Granville street, corner of Scveith avenue west.
November 88, 8 p.m.—K. P. hall,
North Vancouver.
November 30, 8 p.m.—Kcrrisdule hall,
December 3, 8 p.m.—St. Mark's hall,
December 4, 8 p.m.—Finnish Socioty
hall, Clinton street.
December 4, 8 p.m.—Colllngwood Institute, Colllngwood East.
Decembor S, 8 p.m.—I. O. 0. F. hall,
corner Main street and Thirtieth avo*
December 5, 8 p.m.—A. O. F. hall,
Main street, near Seventh avonue.
December 7, 8 p.m.—Lord Selkirk
school, Codar Cottage.
December 11, 8 p.m.—Carlton hall,
corner Joyce and KingBway.
December 10, 8 p.m.—I. 0. O. F. hall,
December 11, 8 p.m.—Frnser hall,
comer Forty-eighth and Fraser avenues.
December 12, 8 p.m.—K. P. Hall,
North Vancouver.*
Remember: Tbere is no voters' list.
Be sure and see an enumerator, or call
at Boom 210, Labor Temple.
Squirt-gun Probe Reveals
Puss From Social
That tho profitB taado by tho Wm.
Davles company nnd Matthows Black*
woll Limited, more particularly the for*
racr, were exceptionally high . during
the war period and yielded "nn eitra-
ordinnry return upon thc capital invested, ' is tho most Important statement made in the report of the commission appointod to investigate furthor the businoss of thoso two companies,
Bays an Ottawa dispatch to thc daily
Local Countll of Women Urges Govern,
ment Legislation
The New Westminster Council of
Women has appointed, Mrs. T. A. Bar*
nard, Mrs. J. R. Gilley and Mrs. W. T.
Bold a committeo to investigate working condltlona of women nnd girls in
this city and roport at tko next meeting, when further consideration will be
given n recommendation of the Educational club that tho council petition tho
provincial govcramont to pnBs legislation giving an eight-hour dny and a
$10 weekly minimum wago for women.
Northwest Typographical Conference
Tho time for holding tho regular annual convention of the conference is
drawing near. It will meet this time
in Portland during tho latter part of
January, thc exact dates to bo announced later ln the call for tho convention. It is to be hoped that nil
locals in thc jurisdiction bo represented by delegntoB at that mooting, when
the plans for the coming year's work
aro made.—Monthly Bulletin.
Organized Workers Make
Splendid Start Along
Political Lines
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply of household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate uae day
or night—you can take prompt action in case of illness or injury.   And a little attention when the first symptom develops
-    often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See us. We carry a full line of drugs ud proprietary
oinei, and offer them at the lowest prices.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Dm ggists
406 Hasting t St. W. PhoMi Ser. 1966 ft 1M6
7 Hutlngi Street West Seymour 3632'
782 Granville Btreet Beymtwr 7013
8714 Granville Btreet Bar. 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Btreet Sermonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 ft 17380
Hail Order Department for out-of -town customer!,  lame prlcea and
onr ever our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street Weat.
Good Prospects of Labor
Men's  Entrance Into
Dominion House
AH things considered, nomination day
brought out tho best showing ever
made by Labor in Canada. The movement was born of necessity, and will
grow and develop for the suine reason.
A good Btart has been mnde. Let
every wage-worker -throughout Canada
work till the lost vote haB been polled
on Deo. 17. The olection of even a
few Labor candidates will do more real
good than anything else which could be
done at this time. It will be the neu-
clua of tho Labor party to be in Canada. Whon tho next house of commons
convenes at Ottawa in January there
will be at least a few Lnbor members
to challenge the absolute dictation and
robbory of food-hogs and profiteers;
men who will soe that if men are to
bo conscripted, wealth will be likewise
Bo fnr as cnn be learned, the list of
Labor nominees in Canada lines up us
British Columbia-
East Kootenay—Thomas BlggB.
West Kootenay—I. A. Austin.
Nanaimo—Joseph Taylor.
Victoria—A. S. W«Us.
Vaneouvar South—J. H. McVety.
Burrard—V. B. Midgley,
Vancouver Centre—w. A.  Pritchard,  socialist.
Bast Oalgary—Bev, Wm. Irvine.
Macleod—Steve Marshall. 7
Victoria—J. W. Leeds-.
Bow Biver—D. H. Oalbraith.
John Reld, socialist.
Bed Deer—J. B. Knight, socialist.
Lethbridge—L. U. Pack.
Medicine Hat—Geo. Patton, socialist.
Moose Jaw—James Somerville.
Xlndersley—W. Seward.
Begina Olty—Aid. A. MacBeth.
North Winnipeg—B. A. Bigg, M.L.A.
Centre Winnipeg—B. S. Ward.
Brandon—E. J. L. Disson, socialist.
Port Arthur and Kenora—J. Dunbar.
Welland—J. A. Hughes.
South Waterloo—Thomas Hall.
Fort William-Rainy River—Aid. A. H.
North Waterloo -Merryn N. Smith, socialist.
Hamilton East—C. J. Halcrow.
Hamilton West—Walter Rollo.
Wentworth—F. J. Flat man.
West Algoma—James Lockwood.
West Toronto—J. W. Bruco.
East Toronto—John Bira.
South Toronto—D. A. Oarey.
South York—J. T. Dunn.
NijilBSlng—. R, Harrison.
South Wellington—Lome Cunningham, socialist.   .
St. Denis, Montreal—Alphonse Verville.
St. James—E. Perroault,
HocheUga—0. Mfirtel.
Malionneuve—V. A. Halley.
The Union Stamp on Your Footwear
When buying Footwear .every Union Man should look for
the Union Stamp.
Union Stamp Shoes are made in factories where the employees receive a fair wage and where the best working conditions prevail.
This store can supply your Footwear wants with thc Best
of Union-made Shoes for Men or Women. \
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Ditto ln Canada
For siileen yeara ihe workors of Australia have waged a torriile agitation
with thoir employers, only to flnd tlint
they nro 11.1 per cent, worse off today
than they were sixteen years agOJ thnt,
whilo thoy have .succeedoil in securing
a wago Inorouso of .10.0 per cent., tlio
etaployer class huve exploited them to
the extent of 50.7 per cont.
A Sound Basis For
The report of Dr. Adam Shortt on the
transportation question in this district has
been made public.
It has cleared the air, pointed out the dependence of the public upon a single, comprehensive system of transportation operated by* a corporation, and indicated what
treatment a public utility company deserves
from the public which needs its service.
As we see it, the public will be the gainers.
Their service has been put on a sound foundation. There is a co-partnership between
the company and the public. What benefits
thc company benefits the public. Ultimately
it is the public that gains or losses if anything affects the company advantageously
or adversely.
We hope that the traveling public have read
or will read the report because a full understanding of their transportation system is
thc best means of improving it.
...November 23, l!
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
a. Parm. Pettlplece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir Bt.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription:  $1.50 per year;  In Vancouver
City, |2.00;  to unions subscribing
ln   a   body,   $1.00.
New Westminster W. Yates, Box  1021
Prince Ruport S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wolls, Box 1588
"Unity of Lahor:   the Hope of the World"
upon the shadow of a fact. It is all thc
crcaturo of pure imagination. Or at
least that is as reputable a parentage
as The Federationist feels justified in
giving it.
THERE IS something most strikingly incongruous in tho term, "Liberty BondB." The vociferous exhortations of bond sale promoters to induce those possessing filthy lucro to invest it in bonds in
OAN LIBERTY order that the strug-
BE GAINED BY glo for liberty may
BORROWING? be carried to victory,
must have a. hollow
and brassy sound to the mental tympanum that is attuned to an intelligence
above that of a tadpole or an angleworm. And yet nothing could be
more excruciatingly comic than the idea
that the borrowing or lending of money
or any other collateral lias anything to
  do   with   winning  or  losing  wars   be-
'       ' ' tweon   either   nations   or   individuals.
*R1L)AY - November 23, 1917 j Why, tho veriest dub in the great fain
  ily of Henry Dubbs lias sense enough to
N ALL THINGS relating to the k™>w that wars nre fought with guns,
maintenance of tho capitalist edi- swords, bayonets, shot, shell and dyna-
tlco of industry, trade and iiaanco, mirc> instead of with either borrowed
and the perpetuation of the reign of money, or money made for the occasion
hirtunn slavery with all of its attendant IIU<1 turned out nice nnd new right off
horrors,    the    truth   tne printing press.    At  loast the dull
STEREOTYPED must remain u stran-
FIOTION OF ger or tho ontiro cdi*
"SAVINOB." (Ice will eventually
collapse. Slavery is
itsolf u crime. It is tho ono crime from
which all othors logically follow. Being itself a crime ngninst humanity,
its entire philosophy must be tho phol-
osophy of deceit, its Sole means of justification must bo fnlsohood, nnd its
moral and ethical code the veriest hypocrisy, Tho most superficial enquiry
into tho generally accepted social, industrial and political concepts of today
irill disclose tho somewhat startling
fact that all are actually tho direct
■opposite of that which thoy appear to
l)e. That which appears to bo whito is,
in reality, black and that which is
.black, white. For instance, it is generally concoded that the employer pf
labor pays his workmon for their services whilo in his employ. Tho actual
fact of tho matter is, howovor, that the
contrary is the case. The employees
pay tlieir employer for fho privilege of
serving him. At least that is the conclusion arrived at after ordinarily careful investigation, but a closer examination will further disclose that payment
-either ono way or the othor, is a mathematical impossibility. The workors
(slaves) merely work for nothing, above
their mere sustcnanco, and that is
forthcoming only out of the products
of their own labor. All they produce
above that goes into the possession of
others, without eost to them and without recompense to the slaves.
.   .   .
A multitude of instances might be
quoted of similar iniport and alt going
to show that it is absolutely necossary
that the truth should be crucified and
that which is false should be glorified
and sanctified, if this delectable slave
civilisation is to be perpetuatod. A cer-
tain Canadian daily of lnrge circulation,
as well as of tho well-known amperage
of probity peculiar to capitalist journalism, in a recent article calculated to
stiffen tho nerve of embryo investors to
the point of during to purchnso a government bond, took occasion to state,
that "the actual savings of tho American poople are about fifteen billions
yearly." If this were truo it would
moan an average "savings" of approximately $150 per person, or $750 per
family per annum. Quite a tidy sum,
sa we must all admit. And, furthermore, it would speak volumes for the
wise frugality of tho Amorican people,
a frugality' that would provide a most
ample and satisfactory sustenance and
«omfort for their declining years. But
tke simple fact is tkat it is not true.
It is not even partly true. It is totally
and absolutely false. The American
gooplo save nothing. And tho same is
truo of tho people of all other countries.
Ike slaves of any country could not
■save anything if they would, for the
very simple roason that they never
havo anything to save. The masters of
slaves would not Bave anything if they
could, for the equally simple reason that
suoh a procedure would be sheer folly,
inasmuch as they can always get anything they want at any time, in any
quantity, and without oost.
•   •   •
All food, olothing, shelter, tools, machines and goods of all description, are
practically consumed as fast as they are
produced. Littlo if any food survives
the ravages of tooth and claw for more
than a twelve-month. Clothing, all
wearing apparol, meets with a similar
swift retribution. Houses last at the
most but a fow years and only then by
now* labor being continually expended
upon them in the way of repairs. Tools,
machinery and all elso, likewise Nothing is saved, and nothing eould bc
saved without incurring unnecessary expense and undue waste, as compared
with the eost of supplying human needs
only from hand to mouth, aB it wero.
It is a woll-known fact thnt there is
now in Australia a largo portion of
last year's crop of whnt still unconsum*
.ed, for the ronson that shipping hns
not been available to shin it away to
European markets, steadily deteriorating in quality, being onten up by mice
And destroyed by weevil, and will, in a
comparatively short time bo no longer
available for humnn food. It cannot bo
saved, beyond a vory nnrrow limit of
timo. And thus with all things that
are ratod as wonlth in the uturkcts of
the world.
New of what doeB these boasted
"savings" consist? Credits upon bank
ledgers. Ordors upon tho future. Evidences of wealth taken from the slaves
of production, without as much ub by
your loavo, and consumed by thoso who
did tke taking, leaving no othor traces
behind oxcopt theso accumulated "savings," consisting of figures upon bnnk
ledgers, banknotes, stocks, bondB, deeds
and othor forms of so-callod invest*
ments. It is all moroly a systom of accounting; a keeping track of tho
amount of plundor taken from the
slaves of production and a record of
its distribution among tho units of
Booioty. Those "suvlngs" nro immor*
tal. That is thoy bocomo on immortal
ciack 'upon tho production of tho future,
Tight down to tho end of time, if perchance, thoso records and credit slips
escape tho vlcissitudos of fire, flood
and othor cnlnmity. The fabulous
woalth of tho v orld, ns expressed in
thoso "suvings," consists solely of
thoso accumulated figures, tbnt aro ban*
■died about nnd bragged about as though
thoy wore real wealth, instead of being
■nt tho best, nothing but evidences of
•wealth stolon in tho past nnd endowed
with otornnl lifo nnd tho power to function ns ordors upon tho futuro,nnd which
rost upon a vory substantial uncertainty as to how that future will accept them. This "savings" business
i> puro fiction.   It is not even bnBcd
knows thnt much, thnt is if he takes
nbout u minute or n minute and u hnlf
to think it over. But to lislon to the
racket kicked up by the ngi'iits of class
rule, one might bc led to believe that
all is lost unless hiigo louns cnn bo negotiated. Ono might almost bo led to
fnncy thut bonds constitute the only
renlly necessury ammunition to enublo
a war to be successfully prosecuted.
* *        *
As a matter of fnct, wars aro fought
with material things, such ns soldierB,
guns, bayonets, powdor, otc. Theso
things are not brought into existence
cither by borrowing or loaning monoy.
They are neither created nor pnid for
by bonds or nny other financinl flimflam, hocus pocus, or subterfuge. Tho
soldiors principally como from the
working class. They are recruitod
either by vocal persuasion or by "press
gnng" methods. The other things nro
produced by tho workers and aro pnid
for solely by tho workors. This payment consists of tko energy expended
by_ them in tho production of those
things. There can be no other payment
for the very obvioua reason that thero
iB nothing imaginable by means of
which payment could bo made. Tho
war is thus fought and paid for from
day to day by those who produco the
munitions, food, etc., that is used by
tho soldierB, and by the soldiers them-
solves who do tho fighting. All is paid
in full each day, no matter how groat
the toll of both munitions nnd lifo.
There is no aftor bill for any one to
pay, except it be in the way of tho
misery, pain and suffering experienced
by those who return from tho bnttle-
fiold maimed und wounded, and tho sorrow of thoso who hnve lost friends nnd
reiutives in tho conflict. Tho talk about
tho future paying the bill or nny part
of it, in dollars nnd conts, is nil pure
moonshine. The men and womon now
living, who produco tho wealth that is
used in war and do tho fighting, arc
tho sole and only paymasters. And
thoy pay now, today. Thoso who mny
follow them in the futuro will, in thoir
turn, make payment for whatover hnp-
pons during their day' and generation,
evon as the workers of thia sublimely
glorious era aro pnying.
* *        *
And what of this gaining of .liberty
by the negotiating of louns? Is thero
nnything in itf Thero surely must bo
or it would not be bo persistently touted
and boosted. Thero must surely bo
something in it for somebody, and thc
thoughtful person, he of tho enquiring
turn of mind, will np doubt bo able to
discovor who that somebody is through
closo scrutiny. Happily thero comes to
hand* at this vory opportune moment
some excellent information bearing
upon this very mattor. As it comes
through thc columiis of ono of the big
Canadian dailies, it muat bo reliablo,
for let it bo known that misleading
information is a total strangor to the
columns' of all such, (is evory reader of
these great exponents of truth and righteousness will no doubt most lustily
mnintnin. The gist of .this information
is, that Franco will havo ut tho end of
tho war a national dobt of at least 20
billion dollars. This hnfl been accumulated by borrowing for the purpoBe of
carrying on tko war for liberty. Just
how much liborty hus boon bought for
this stupondoua aum Is not stated, but
tho dobt is there, nnd there ia no doubt
nbout it. It. is there in spite of the
fuet that the workers hove paid the
entire bill for both humnn life and
munitions of wnr, day by dny ns tho
war has boen fought. But upon the
nooks of tho Fronch producing clnss hns |
boon placed n yoke of theoretical debt,
that will cnll for on annual interest
pnymont of something like *«0 per
head per annum. This will bo equivalent to a yearly pnymont of *300 per
family. Ab this will of necessity bo
payable from thc wealth produced by
tho Fronch working clnss, it will moon
a paymonti por family of considerably
more than *300 per yenr. As this will
be in addition to nil that they will lis
compelled to pay to their economic masters in thc ahnpo of income 'upon all
other investments, it mny rendily be
seen thnt these French wenlth producers
nro to be possossod of no sinecure during tho days thnt nro to como. After
having fought, bled, pnid nnd died for
liberty, their descendnnts nre to be
Forever gouged out of $300 or more per
yenr, under tho ridiculous protonce thnt
they nro pnying for' a liborty thnt thoy
never got. Perhaps the only liberty
tho present generation of Frenchmen is
fighting nnd dying for Is thc glorious
liberty ef keeping a lot of fnt bondholders in clover for all time to como.
And that ia the only kind of liborty
that can ovidontly bo gained by borrowing.   At least is looks that way.
lo cause Mr. Pepys no little annoyance
in running tho gauntlet of ils misery
and hopelessness.
» * *
And Pepys lived and wrote about
thc middlo of the 17th century. That
grand and noble institution, the "press
gang," continued to exist and illumine
tho pages of British history with its
offulgonco of its glory well down into
tho 10th century. Unfortunately, howover, for tho cnuse of democracy and
humnn liberty, the press gang became
obsolete, or nt lonst fell into diBuso.
During thc earlier days of tho prosent
wnr Tho Foderntionist saw the unmistakable signs of its resurrection. Repeatedly, this pnpor pointed it out nnd
registered its fecblo protest ngninst it.
Tho innuguration of conscript militnry
servitude proolnimod its resurrection.
It is now with us, not figuratively, but
in renlity. Offenders against Ihe Militury Servico Act, though guilty of
purely n civil offence, are being rounded up by tho military police and thrown
into militnry prisons. Tho "press
gang" is hero in ull tho vigor and ruthless disregurd of civil law nnil civil
liberty, thut marked its existence in
the days of which Pcpya wrote. Tho
civil law haB been abrogated. Tho
hiilitnry beast is in tho saddle, booted
and Bpurred for tho triumph of reaction and tho extermination of all thnt
is democratic in politicnl and industrinl
institutions. Unloss tho democratically inclined und liberty-loving people of
Canada riso in thoir might at tho forthcoming olection, und repudiate this
brazen and impudent rnpo of civil law
and abrogation of domocracy, by hurling tho reuctionnry gnng thnt is attempting to fnstcn this infnmy upon
us, into oblivion it so richly deserves,
they will be compelled to nccustom
themselves to the gentle ministrations
of a brutnl "press gang," whenever
the needs of thc military boost culls
for moro blood nnd more slaughter.
Thc job of repudiation hnd much bettor bo emphnticully completely done
now nt the polls, thnn thnt the people
of Cnnndn be Inter on compelled to
resort to lethnl weapons to froe themselves from tho deadly clutch of Prus-
sinn militarism and "press gang" kultur.
OWN to quite locont times tho
"proau gang" was among tho
most notable of British institutions. Whenever cannon-food was required by tho ruling class, thc press
gang was set in mo-
EBSURREOTION tion and the rcqui*
OF THE ' flito human material
PRESS GANG was rounded up in
much tho samo manner as cattle ure rounded up for the
branding iron or the market. Those
who hnvo Mod Pepys' Diary will,
doubtless, remember tlio rather quaint
manner in which that gentleman gnvo
account nf tho rounding-un of meu for
II. M. navy, and how, when tlie particular job in hand wus finished, these
human chattels, who hod survival the
brutal experience, wore turned loose in
the streets of London, forlorn und pon-
nlleUj and doomed to sit around tho admiralty office entrance nad slowly perish of starvation while hoping against
hope for tho succor that seldom camo.
Oftentimes thc admiralty steps were so
cluttered up with this human refuse ns
TO BE COMPELLED to appear bofore a court of law or any other
so-callod tribunal of justice, and
answer impudent questions from judges
nnd similar official nosepokers, ought to
be sufficient humilia-
THE DAILY tion to bo imposed
DISPLAY OF upon any one. But
VULGARITY. when insult is heaped
upon injury by tho
victim being subjected to tho ribnld
jest of official upstarts whoso' solo
safety from having their noses pulled
out of joint, often lies in their cowardly taking advantage of the shield of
their misornblo offico in ordor to indulge
thoir vulgar propensity for impudence
ond insult, it becomes timo that a halt
was called upon such official vulgarity
and the demand made thnt official nose-
poking and Peckaniffian jurisprudence
bo conducted as nearly along linos of
common decency ns the infamous naturo
of the occupation will permit. Evon at
that it would bo bad enough and quite
calculated to turn any but the most
vulgnr mental stomach.
* m        *
It has long been the practice of low
journalism (f) to exploit thc raiscrios
of police court victims, by indulging in
cheap and doubtful wit at tho expense
of their misfortunes. Columns of1 alleged wit hnvo been dished up at the
expense of drunks, vags, dopo fiends,
and other unfortunate though perfectly
legitimate children of the slave camp
and thc slave market of modern capitalism. The raucous jest and the ribald
joke hnvo beon neatly turnod into delicious mental pabuluin for the delectation of vulgar nnd obscene readers and,
no doubt, equal delectation in a financinl way for the equally vulgar and obscene publishers. And great has been
tho joy thereat among the scribos who
havo boen thus enabled to corral tho
elusive meal tickot as a reward for
thoir splendid literury accomplishments
and efforts. But it is nil so vulgar, so
low, so meun and vile, that it must be
shocking and repugnant to any sense
of decency, or of any moral and ethical conception, nbove the culturnl level
of the denizens of a compost heap.
* *        *
It hus remained for the daily press
of this vicinity to sink to the lovo) of
oxploiting to the full tho humiliation
and degradation forced upon Canadian
citizens who have beon compelled
against their will to eome beforo these
precious tribunals that have been sot
up under the truly Prussian Militnry
Sorvico Act, and lay bare tho innermost
secrets of their vory souls to tho impudent inquisition of tho intorests of the
Dominion that thirst for their blood
and gore. Ribald jokes and insulting
jests by thc column are poured forth at
the expense of these victims of an
atrocity that they arc for tho moment
poworless to forfend. And running
through all of this published infamy is
the poisonous trail of insinuation, innuendo, inference and implication intended to cast reflections upon the character, Ihe probity, the motives, of the
helpless victims of tho atrocity, und to
belittle them in the eyes of their fellowmen. Take it all round it affords
an excellent illustration of tho vulgarity and inherent meanness of the
ruling interests in human society nnd
their conscienceless agencies and tools.
In the interest of common decency, and
to the end that this government inquisition nnd infamy be not made altogether intolerable and unbearable even
tn the rank and file of its own supporters, tho censor ought to call a halt
to this indecent and vulgar exposure of
whnt would look much better if covered
*        *        #
And whut shnll bo said of alleged
"trlbunnls of justice" that not only
tolerate the bullying and harassing of
ita victintB by the impudent suggestions
nnd advice of military representatives,
whoso only right to bc so-called, in moat
caaoa, lies in tho fnct that their military achievemonta havo boon exclusively confined to Canada and their solo victories hnvo been political appointments.
It certainly is somo edifying, when an
unfortunate fisherman who has inadvor-
tontly fallen into the clutches of a tribunal, and who asks for oxemptlon upon
the grounds thnt he is performing a
necessary public service while following
his usual occupation, to be pertly told
by a military upstart who probably
never even smellcd powder, that "thore
is good fishing in the Rhino." Some
class to that sort of smart impudence.
As the Ini lit ary representative upon
tribunals is nothing but a "listening
post," set there by thu wur machine, it
would bo more in consonance with both
decency and his purpose in being there,
if ho were to refrain from cheap attempts at vulgar wit at tho expense of
Either a Newspaper Fake
or a Masterpiece of
In Either Case the Product
of a Creature Devoid of
Decency or Shame
The Federationist fully appreciates
the wisdom of tuking the most of that
which appeara In the prostitute press
of capitalism, with a very sizable
grain of salt. Especially is it wisdom
to do in the matter of all of that
sort of faked-up stuff that Is manifestly dished up for the purpose of
stirring the passions of men and appealing to their meanest and most
vicious traits and characteristics. It
Is quite an easy matter to put lying
words in the mouth of an imaginary
character and to excuse the most
execrable and reprehensible conduct
under the specious plea of being actuated by lofty motives, but it is not
so easy to make such manifestly insincere and doubtful stuff pass muster
with thinking and reasonably intelligent people, as being possessed of
convincing value or compelling merit.
The following, taken from a Vancouver daily, bears all the earmarks
of being faked up for the occasion,
and calculated to arouse the prejudice and inflame the passion of a no
inconsiderable portion of the community, that Ib made up of those who
nre possessed of weak heads and inherently vicious propensities and
whose aid Ib always enlisted and is
always invaluable in the bolstering
up of any cause that depends for its
success upon viciousness and brutality, rather than upon the exercise of
reason, common sense and the careful
and deliberate judgment of men.
But if it is not the faked up product of the so much per brain of
some cuspidor in a newspaper office,
it is hut fair to acknowledge that it
is the most perfect self-painted por-'
trait of a moral degenerate that has
ever come to our notice. There are
numerous things in the community
shaped even like unto men, who will
voluntarily do the sort of low stool
pigeoning depicted in this splendid
production, but happily, however,
there are few so low in the scale of
being as to portray their degeneracy
in the gaudy and flamboyant colors
so cleverly used by this master hand
at self-portraiture:
"A maimed returned soldier, one of
the first contingent, lias heen using
his ears aud taking notes during the
last while aud has gathered a mass
of information regarding several men
who are applying for exemption that,
If corroborated, will not help their
cases when they-come up. The information is neatly tabulated ind details
have been set forth with considerable
pains in a letter to one of the military representatives. For instance,
one mans standing is set down thus,
in part:
'" works at (a local shipyard); anti-conscriptionlst of the
worst kind; great advocate of the
'down tool' policy and propaganda of
the Ubor temple outfit. He has
passed the medical examination with
A2 rating, but does not mention that
In his claim for exemption; no one to
support; is a Sinn Feiner and uses all
his energy In a 'snide' way to prevent men from joining up. The shipyard may claim exemption for him;
there are lots of married men who
would like to have his job.
" 'There are many more of his kind
at the shipyard for whom exemption Ib claimed, some of them getting up to $8 and more per day and
who spend their spare time agitating against Victory bonds. Don't let
the I.*bor temple gang run the country; read the last Federationist and
Bee what they think df the men whb
have gone overseas.'
"There are others mentioned.
"' Is another of the same
type as the man last dealt with.
'" is one of three partners,
he is Unmarried and with no one to
support; strong antl-conscriptlonist
and all-round bucker against anything
to do with winning the war.'
For goodness' sake,' concludes the
letter, 'don't let so many of these
slackers get away with it. I am __
optimist, but this war Ib not over yet
" 'I am back and down and out for
life, but I only wish 1 could have done
more. Lots of my pals are lying over
there and they were proud to go and
sacrifice their all."'
SUNDAY, Nov. 25—Saw Filers
Association, Telegraphers.
MONDAY,' Nov. 26—Electrical
Workers, Boiler Makers, Iron
Workers, Steam Engineers,
Amalgamated Engineers, Pattern Makers, U. B. Carpenters
No. 617, Street Railwaymen's
TUESDAY, Nov. 27—Barbers,
Butchers and Moat Cuttors,
Machinists No. 777, Brotherhood Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28—Metal
Trades Council, Teamstors und
Chauffeurs, Street Raihvaymon.
THURSDAY, Nov. 20—
FRIDAY, Nov. 30—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgcbuilders.
Dec.    1—Bakers,
Standing out prominently from other suggestions   for   the       I
Christmas gift— '
"Carrying tbe fullest gurantw."
Because of its pro-eminent qualities the gift of Birks'
Diamonds always stands supreme. It is an enduring, value-
rotaining-gift—one that never loses its beauty or its distinctiveness.
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir. Oranvllle Bt.
Oh, What a Cheerful Llarl
TORONTO, Nov. 21.—"We intend to
see that the Military Service Act Is
enforced in every community, every
district, every province, fairly, impartially and firmly," declared Sir Robert
Borden In the course of his address
before an immense audience in Mas-
sey hall this evening, to hear the
leader of Union government open the
campaign in Ontario. The government, he said, would Itself appear
againBt the decisions of any tribunals
which seemed based on an idea of
wholesale exemptions, — Daily Sun,
Nov. 21.
In very fow years the now Labor
party will be tho most powerful force
in tho land.—Victoria Week.
victims of tho proposed Prussianization
of Canada. Thore is but littlo to bo
said in favor of tribunals that can
stoop to putting auch childishly inane
quostions to tho professed conscientious
objector, as "if your mothor was attacked, would you como to her assistance?" and similar silly querios that
havo boon tho chief stock in trnde of
"tribunals" nil over Great Britain, and
havo been used in slmilur cases until
they aro threadbare If such silly
quoricn are tho bost that can bo put
forward by tribunals and tho ability
to Indulge in impudent jests aro the
chiof qualifications of "listening
posts," tho sooner tho ban of secrecy is
put upon thoir doloctablo proceedings
tho bettor for I hem. It would almost
bo a mercy to them if the censor would
act nlong thc linn suggested.
Admiration Cigars Unfair.
[By An Observer]
"If Victor Midgley losos the election in Burrard, it can bo attributed to
Pat Donnelly,'' yesterday said a working clasB voter to Tho Federationist,
who is bonding every effort for Midg-
loy's success. Just why this should be
charged to Dounoliy does not appear to
be fair without explanation. "Woll,
I'll tell you," went on tho votor, "I
happen to know that Pat Donnelly,
about 4 o'clock on Friday, about five
hours bofore his nomination by tho Liberals, agreed that ho would not bo a
candidate ngainst Midgley. Had ho
made good, this would have meant that
Midgloy would have beaten Crowe a
mile He may boat him yot, but Donnelly unquestionably will poll a certain
number of votes, taking them directly
from Midgley. Midgley will get more
votoB than Donnolly at that. Midgloy
was in tho field first, and if the Donnelly crowd wero sincere in thoir efforts
to beat tho Unionists, Donnolly would
have remained out, as ho promised, and
not split tho opposition to the rotten
Borden government. As it is, Donnolly
has killed himself off. Everybody
knows he had sot his heart on a seat in
tho provincial legislature. If he defeats the working class candidate in
Burrard, ho can look for no support
from tho working class when political
aspirations rise up in his breast again."
* *   •
Tho next time tho Tories attempt the
despicable trick of sending returned
soldiers to heckle Billy Mclnnes, they
will think it over a long whilo first. It
is a shameful use of men who have boon
to tho front. Ono of them on Tuesday
night at the Mclnnes campaign meeting
in tho Labor Tomple, askod the ex-
judge "why he was not at the front."
Imagine the rotund jurist fighting Germans with his physical disabilities? It
made many a man ronr with laughter.
Judge Billy is fighting the onemy right
hore in Vancouver, but ho offered bis
services in any capacity the government could use them. The interrogator's question reacted on the Tory influence which prompted . it. Mclnnes
said the question was fair, and ho, after
answering it evidently to everybody's
satisfaction, asked one himself, along
the same lines. Boeing that the questioner no doubt wbb a Stevens-Borden-
War profiteer supporter, he nsked why
H. H. Stevens was not at the front, and
pointed nut that Mr. Stevens not only
appeared to be physically fit, but was
tho younger man by some eight years.
Stevens is 39.   Mclnnes is 47.
• t   •
Huvo you visited your enumerator
yet? Electors should not forget that
all votors' Hats have been wiped out
of existence in this oloction. About
20,000 men, known as "enumerators"
are distributed over the Dominion preparing new lists. Unless you aro known
as a government supporter, they aro
going to overlook you. But they dare
not refuse to take your name when offered it. So seek out tho enumerator
for your district and got your nnmo
listed. And don't forget that snmo
enumerator. If you lose your vote on
election day, do not forgot that, cither!
Tho safe bet in Vnncouvor South is
J. H. McVety, the B. C. F. of L. candidate. He represents the working
class. Thero is no choice between tho
others. They are all conBCriptionists
and in favor of Bo-callod "union" government.
• •   •
"Under this dnmnablo conscription
act, conscripts will ho dragged away
with hatred in thoir hearts for the
governmont and this country, instead
of having that fine, feeling of patriotism."— W, W. B. Mclnnes.
* «   *
H, H. Stevens, the nominee of tho
Conservatives, now known as a
"unionist," is tho representative of
thc powers ut Ottawa who havo sought
to abolish what little freedom the
working class has enjoyed in Canada,
is going to try and explain for the government nt the Avenue theatre tonight. No argument, nor oratory of
Stevens nor the bost speakers in history could1 explain away the iniquitous
'' War-Times Elections Act'' whieh was
designed to rob tho people of thoir
«   t   •
' ■ Who would the Gormans vote
for?" aBks a Tory poster.
1. Sir Bobert Borden,
2. The men who havo made great
profits out of tho war.
3. The government which pormitted
Sir Herbort Amos' eomany to put
brown pnpor in soldiers' shoes.
4. Tho government which was responsible for a useless rifle at. the
front when hundreds of Canadians
were slaughtered because tho guns
wouldn't work,
5. Tho governmont which countenances Sir Joseph Flavelle who mndo 80
por cent, profit out of selling bacon to
tho armies of Europe and citizons of
6. Tho governmont which wnntB to
import Oriontal lnbor to take tho placo
of whito.
»'  •   *
The conscription act recites it is
necessary because tho men are "perishing" at the front.
Therefore, it took four months  to
puss it thr6jigh. parliament. It wns to
suvo tho boys from "perishing,"
Tho C. N. B. steal, which obligates
tho pooplo of Cannda to pny $650,000,-
000 for this railway, passed through in
two months. It was to save Mackenzie
& Mann.
The War-Times Elections Act was
passed in six weeks. It wns to save
tho government's skin.
Now, if tho boys wero "porishing"
who was the government, judging by
tho speed of tho passage of thoso acts,
really concerned about?      ,
How about conscription in Australia?
Australin gavo moro mon, in proportion to population, than Canada. The
peoplo voted against conscription. Yos,
and tho soldiers in every camp voted
ngninst it, too.
"Folix Ponno," in tho World, asked
tho Question, "What of the toilers?"
An old lady of Nanaimo has sent him
the following lines:
What havo you done with the old men,
Whoiaro brokon  by toil and timo I
Onco thoy woro brave and bold men;
Now they ar* past their prime.
Now they are aged and JuiooJess,
Now that their race Ir run,
Now tbat they're weak and useless,
Tell me, what have you dono J
Have you made their hard linos rougher,
By turning them out, in truth,
To shiver and starve and Buffer
In the world that waB moant for youth!
Now that they cannot Aid you
Nor earn  thoir toiler's wage,
For all that their work has paid you,
How have you dealt with ago!
Once they were young and gay mon,
Toilers to mako you woalth,
Now thoy are gaunt and groy mon,
Broken in strength and health.
Havo you pensioned these one time bold men,
Or starved them as B«mo men dot
As you have dealt with tho old men,
May destiny deal with you.
Felix passes the poem on to thoso
whom it may concern—his withers are
unwrung: ho is ono of tho old workers himself.
[By Berton Braley]
If yuu're game to fight with no end in sight
and novor a hand to play,
If you're fit to toil with no hope of spoil
and the tolling Itsolf for pay,
If you'll hear tho irk of tho thankless work
of making tho dream oome true,
It you'll inarch along    through    a Jeering
throng that bellows lln oath at you,
If you'll learn to meet each now defeat with
the gritty old  grin of  yore,
And lift your lanco in a new advance with
hardly a chance to score,
Then you're just the  breed  that we sorely
need; you're one of our faith and kin,
So got the swing of the song we sing and
join in the march—fall ml
We  promise  no  loot   to  the young  recruit,
no glory or praise or fame,
No gold you gain In this long campaign—
but plenty ot Jeers and blame,
The quarters are mean and the rations lean;
the service is harsh and grim;
Tho  war  is  on   from   dark  to dawn,   from
dawn to tho twilight dim;
But there's over the cheor of a comrade near
and tlio touch of Ms sturdy arm.
And his  help to  call If you faint and  fall
where tne harrying foemen swarm.
If you acorn reward for tho flght that's hard,
If you'd rather be right than win.
Just get the swing of tho song wo sing and
Join in the march—-fall int
It  comradeship  of  heart—not  Up—Is  more
to your taste than cash,
If  ancient frauds and  tinsel gods are idols
you long to smash,
If your patience breaks at the honored fakes
that the pursy plutes have decked,
\t you're  not  content  till  the  veil  Is  rent
and the temple of lies is wrecked;
Then  yonr   place   is   made   in   our   stern
brigade that never can halt or pause
Till the war is dono and the flght Is won—
tho flght for thc Human Cause;
So  take  your plaoe  and  step  our pace   in
spite of the old world's din.
And got the swing of the song and join tin
And get the swing of the Bong they sing and
join in the inarch—fall in!
Road Shows
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
1. ESn.it Seat,     once: Sej. IMS
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc
Victoria ud Vucoam
Vancouver Offlce: 516-7 Rogera Bldg.
Assets —
... H0OO.OOO
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in tbe
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balanites.
Corner Hastings ud Gamble Its.
TheBankof British North America
ElUbUlhtd la 1886
BrtnohM throughout Omede tod et
Seflof ■ Department
O. N. STAGEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
Don't stow away yonr apare
cash in any old eorner where it 1*
in danger from tmrglara or ire.
Tlie Merchants Bank of Canada
offer, you perfect lafety for yonr
money, and will give yon fall
banking service, whether your aeeonnt ia large or email,
Intereat allowed on savings deposits.
W. O, JOY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up .
Beserve Funds .
Total Assets 	
,..( 13,011,000.
,. 14,324,000
... 287,000,000
«0 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday,  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay la -withdrawal. MM
..November 23, 1917
Honest Facts
To talk your clothing is a good thing, to advertise
it is wise. But, in order to get lasting results the
goods must be all that are claimed for them, and a
little more.
Prove our olothing by comparison, by wear, by any test yoa choose.
It will be found HONEST all through, and LOWER IN PRICE than any
whieh oven approximates it in value.
Abovo all this is a genuine Union House, started in 1010 as one and
remained so—a shop that ia proud to stato that during all tho paat seven
years its employeos never had roason to complain of any ill-treatment,
cut in wages, etc., and have at all times paid more than the fixed
.union wagos,
Our stock ia absolutely the largest of any tailoring concern in the
city und we back that by a bet aguinst any challenger.
Our guarantee is always:   "Good Fit, or Your Money Back."
,   Our prices are vory moderate.
—of tho best imported serge,
worsted, tweed, etc., from
$27.50 to $45
$25 to $40
—of the aame high-class fabrics, from
$32 to $47
$30 to $40
128 Hastings Street East
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events;of the Passing Show
====== [By J. B.] ========
Some oi the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
GloriousJDays As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
What have they done to his holiness Pope Benedict? Since his seditious utterance about a conscript army
being the cause of wars no word has
■come from him and we fear the
worst. No doubt the censor was disciplined also who was so Ill-advised
as to pass that message just at the
time we were creating a conscript
army of our own.
The Idea was that an emperor with
a conscript army was like a boy with
a new knife—he just had to try lt
They tell us all the arming and conscripting is done in self-defense. But
If no one fought' except ln self-defense
that would be the end of war, for no
one could begin a light. It Is just
possible that just this conscripting of
free peoples will make future wars
impossible. Young men will take
more interest In politics when they
know that the premier has the power
o( life and death over them. And
perhaps they will tell future premiers
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hastlngi IttMt Wa*
£5elliJ neon tjobacco.
that they are there to express the
will of the people and not to ride
roughshod over them. And when they
know that war is waged no longer by
a paid army of professional soldiers
but by themselves as conscripts, they
will want to have a voice in the mak.
Ing ot war. The workers never would
go to war tor they have nothing to
go to war for. They lose by every
war and never gain anything. The
authoress of "Lay Down Your Arms"
says, "If a number of dogs are lighting over some bones tt Ib still only
the dogs themselves who tear each
other; but In the history ot nations
it is chiefly the poor silly bones that
rush at each other and knock each
other to pieces on the two sides, in
lighting for the rights ot the combatants who covet them."
If a bone Is going to be devoured
It is immaterial whether Towser or
Rover gets lt. A worker having nothing to look forward to but starvation
when his strength fails, is not much
concerned about the color of a flag.
St. Philip Nert said, "Those who
harbor thoughts of hatred and re*
venge breathe the air of hell." And
we are breathing it theBe days, though
Mr. H. H. Stevens, at the beginning
of the war preached to ub and told ub
that a big war was wanted to lift
ub out of all our sins and shortcomings and make us models ot all the
virtues. We notice that he did not
go to the war, bo probably he Is
such a perfect Chrlsttan he could not
be improved upon.
The other day a lady was asked lt
she would send her youngest son to
the war and she said she would lt
he would bring her the kaiser's
head on a charger. And before the
war she belonged to the International
and talked about the brotherhood ot
man, and she was so soft that she
would rescue the flies off the fly paper
when they buzzed, and seemed dis*
tressed. So think Hr. Stevens was
wrong when he claimed such ennobling effect for the war.
Women hate waste, and above all,
waste ot human life, so one can understand that mother's* point of view.
She would be willing to sacrifice her
son to end the war but not to have
htm wasted like other mother's sons
were at that cursed camp on Salts*
Campaign of Labor Candidate Austin  Is Being
Pushed Vigorously
Capitalist Press Gives Aid
as Usual By Lies and
(By Geo. F. Stirling)
NELSON, B.C., Nov. 19.—We opened
tlie campaign by holding a meeting
here Saturday night and had a very
large and enthusiastic crowd, which repeatedly broke forth in encouraging
applause. Thc Nelson News, faithful
to its policy of misstating things, has
me reported as saying that I was in
favor of industrial conscription for
shipbuilding, and also that I belittled
the Canadian soldier. What I really
said was that an intelligent government
at this crisis instead of taking men
away from active production and stacking them up in England along with the
tens of thousands who are already there
and have not been to France would get
every available man that, could saw
and hammer to go down to the coast
and build ships day and night. Ships,
not men, was the crucial issue. This
was twisted into Industrial Conscription. Regarding the other misstatement. I belittled the Canadian idea
that Canada was fighting this war, and
without 100,000 more men civilization
was in danger, and said that if all the
Canadian troops were withdrawn the
result of the war would not thereby be
affected. However, the main point of
satisfaction to us was that we made
the editor of the News mad by putting
up facts which he could not controvert.
I am starting up the lake oh tour
with Austin tomorrow, but there will
be someone here to handle the business
while we are away.
The Federationist is doing fine. Good
luck to you.
This is the time to buy Baby's Xmas Gift
a£8A^J-ffig& -his new winter carriage
now and wo will deliver round about
Christmas time. Surprise Mother—arid
provide safety and comfort for the lit*
tie one.
Descriptive catalogue with illustration is sent free.
Our Vancouver-made English stylo
cars cost as littlo djl Q CA
Shaw's Baby Cars
(G. 8. Shaw tt Co.)
804 ROBSON ST.      Opp. Court House
bury Plain where the boys died, like
flys In frost, before they ever went to
France. The Bible says, "Better is
he that ruleth his spirit than he that
taketh a city."
But Mr. Stevens says, better Is he
that bombards the city and kills the
Inhabitants, for thereby we grow In
all Christian virtues.
One young Boldier, who was killed
afterwards, said, "War Is the commission of crimes by masses of men
which would be punished by death if
committed by Individuals."
How a crime can become a virtue
by multiplication Is difficult to understand, though lt Is a theory that
would be very aceptable to some sinners.
A great general said, "War Is hell!"
And Mr. Stevens should be advised to
go there as expeditiously as possible,
On election day theae will be an opportunity to tell him so.
Women At War.
Women are taking very quietly the
Insults that Borden has heaped upon
Probably they are hypnotized, like
all people In all ages, by the throbbing of the war drum. In his treatment of the women our premier has
shown the same statesmanlike qualities that he showed in sending Orangemen tb recruit in Quebec.
He has given voteB to the wives
and mqthers of the men now at the
front ln the hope that they will be
spiteful enough to Bay, "My son has
been slaughtered, therefore let every
other mother's son be slaughtered
too. My son went of his own free
will, therefore, let every mother's eon
be forced to go." Perhaps some of
them would strain every nerve to prevent the repetition of such a tragedy
now they understand lt better. And
besides, they have another score to
settle tor the way in which they and
their husbands and sons have been
treated. One boy wrote to his chums,
"Do not enlist. It is hell here in
England, whatever lt will be ln
The ,boys were all told they were
heroes till they enlisted and then
they were only dumb animals with a
tag and a number. Their Uvea were
not of as much account as the lives
of our chickens. They died in thousands before they ever reached the
front. They are not properly fed, and
their relatives have to send them
boxes of food out of the poor pittance they themselves receive as objects of public charity. The newspapers make piteous appeals to the
public to help the prisoners who
have been left by our government to
die of starvation.
The American government is providing for its prisoners instead of
begging for them on the street corners.
A woman was not allowed to be a
member of an exemption tribunal
even although elected to lt. What an
Insult to the mothers who gave all
the soldiers, to be treated as though
they should have no voice in it at all.
The last Insult Is the most delicious
Joke. It Ib that those women, who
have gone almost crazy with patriotism, are to be classed with the aliens
of enemy nationality who are struck
off the voters' list. Their crime Is
that perhaps their husband waB too
old or their sons too young to go, and
they have no relative actually at the
front. They have exhausted themselves in patriotic effort only to be
disfranchised. Let us hope that they
will use the Influence we used to
hear so much about and that we were
told was more effectual than any
We all want to win this war. But
we want to win it aB free men and
women, fighting shoulder to shoulder,
with every dollar, and every factory,
and every field, voted and not conscripted.
If Borden had put himself at the
head of the 8,250 ornamental political
officers that ho has made ub pay for,
and had marched off to the war, I do
not think conscription would have
been necessary.
Nor would it have been necessary
to hand-pick the women oters for
fear they should vote against him.
It one woman has a right to vote,
all women have a right to vote.
Those women who have been deprived of their votes should work all
the harder to ensure Borden's defeat.
Former Sporting Editor of Province
Fell in France en Not. 10
It is with deep regret i_i Me lei
crationist announces tho death of Lieut.
James Thomas Hewitt, who waB killed
in aetion on November 10, according
to an official announcement received
yesterday. He joined tho staff of The
Province as sporting editor in the winter of 1907 and remained with that
paper until he enlisted. He had previously been sporting editor of the
Winnipeg Telegram and the Victoria
Colonist. He waB a general favorite
in Vancouver printerdom.
Contest Being: Waged Over
the Eight-Hour Day for
,     Smeltermen
Strike Is in Hands of the
Trail Trades and Labor
[By Press Committee]
TKAIL, B. C, Nov. 20.—We, the atrike
committee of Trail, wish to present our
views on the situation in general now
existing at the smelter city.. The most
notable feature of any controversy is
to define it clearly and impartially as
far as the facts leading up to the trouble
is concerned. It is not the intention of
the men on strike to present anything
else but the real facts. The difference
with the men and the Consolidated Mln'
ing and Smelting Company is one over
the eight hour day, a question that has
been pending for many months, between
the men and the company.
On every occasion that the demand for
an 8 hour day for all smelter workers,
Including the mechanics waa presented to
the management, there was nothing but a
strict refusal. Now this question of 8
hours has been recognized to such an extent to-day that it exists ln a great
many industries, even in the Dominion
of Canada, and on the coast lt la generally conceded to all the mechanics operating in the Industries that are producing the essentials for the prosecution of
the war.
In face of the fact that the 8 hours at
Trail was only affecting about 450 men,
chiefly mechanics, with the exception of
a few general laborers, and the further
facts that all the men responded to the
strike who were not affected thereby,
amplifying that a smelter should, under
all circumstances, be coverea by the 8
hour day for all. The shut-down of the
smelter will seriously affect the mining
industry of this province, and mines that
are shipping ore from the U. S. will also
be affected as well. This because the
strike Is on over the reasonable demand
for the 8 hour day. There are a good
many Instances where this concession
has been granted by employers of labor
and remarkable changes have taken place
a result of the granting of this measure.
What real objection the management
of the sinelter have to conceding our demand, has been confused by statements
that the Mill & Smeltermen's union have
an agreement with the company until
the,end pf the war. This question of
the .-"so-called agreement" has never been
considered by the men on many occasions, but, there was never the intention on behalf of the men that such a
thing as an agreement was ever entertained between the men and the Consolidated company. In the event of an agreement between the company and the men
working at the smelter having taken place,
the breaking or violating of the agreement would have been readily acknowledged by the Mill & Smeltermeirs union.
Surely there is the common knowledge
of the Mill & Smeltermen's union to say
when they are entertaining an agreement.
This Is chief bone of contention that is
now up before the two parties, and the
stand of the company is that they want
the men to go back to work as they have
violated an agreement. There iB not any
doubt in the men's minds that the relations between themselves and the company could be ended any time that the
men decided to do so. We are not seeking an opportunity to misrepresent the
side of our grievance, only stating what
the condition was before the strike took
place. The representatives of the Mill
& Smeltermen's union have several times
told the management of the smelter that
they (Semeltermen's union) would take
up the question of signing an agreement
with the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company. That the company would
not consider up to the time of tbe shutdown, pointing out that the sincerity to
their argument was lacking as to an
The strike is being conducted under
the Trades and Labor council of Trail,
for It embraces all the Unions that are
working at the smelter. All the other
arrangements as to wages and hours have
been taken up through the Mill & Smeltermen's union, yet for this measure it
brings in the various unions existing at
Trail, which are trying to establish this
condition This is but a brief statement
of the relation between the men and the
management over the trouble, yet the
points set out are the facts of tho situation as to the "so-called agreement"
which is the argument of the Company.
If that Is the only argument that can
be advanced at this time, it is a very
weak one, and It could not be adopted by
tho most impartial observer with respect
to the matter under dispute. The committee arc nil of the opinion that the
labor movement and thc general public
will view the situation as it dom-ives.
Furthermore, everyone can accept these
statements for what they are worth Had
the Mill & Smeltermen's union an agreement with the Consolidated Mining &
Smelting Co., this statement would not
he granted to the press.
Courage of His Convictions
Admitting that ho had not only
failed to report, in acordanco with tho
provisions of the National Servico Act,
but also that ho had been urged by tho
foreman in charge of the gang ho was
employed with to comply with tho aet,
had refused to do so and had been discharged by the foreman, Duncan Kerr,
steam engineer, when asked by Magistrate South if he still refused to report,
declared emphatically that he had no
intention of signing up.
"Why do you refuse to cotaply with
the law?" he wa? asked by the court.
"Becauso I don't think it is a just
'But the representatives of the people passed the law and you are bound
by that!" tho court pointed out. His
worship furthor pointed out that tho
law provided a penalty in tho case of a
man refusing to sign up of not moro
thnn fivo years' imprisonment, tho sentence to bc served at tho oxpiration of
ihe delinquent's military service. In
reply to this Kerr informed tho magistrate that ho was conversant with tho
Lieut Eller, doputy provost marshal for British Columbia, produced a
lotter found on Kerr when arrested
and ml drewfled to his sister, in which ho
staled ho hnd lost his position becnuso
ho had told tho foreman ho wns not going* to "sipn his death warrant." Tho
letter continuod: "I would look cute
with my hnir cat short and wearing
striped suit, but I would sooner do
that thnn get shot all to hell." He
was remanded until Friday for sentence.—Dnily World, Nov. 21.
Joseph Taylor Receives a
Splendid Reception
From Miners
Other Meetings Arranged
for Various Points
in District
NANAIMO, V. I., Nov. 20.—(By
Long Distance Phone.)—The opening
campaign meoting hore on Sunday evening, in the interests of Joseph Taylor,
B. O. F. of L. candidate, was all that
could bo desired, from Labor's viewpoint. The attendance was good and
the candidato received a splendid reception. So good, in fact, that it has
been decided to hold another nieeting
next Sundsy evening, with K. T. Kings-
ley, associate editor of The Federationist, as the speaker of the evening.
A strong campaign committee has
been organized and the Labor candidate will receive a good lift from this
part of the riding.
The goneral committeo has arranged
for a series of meetings, with Candidate Taylor and E. T, Kingsley as the
speakers, aB follows: Saanich, Marks
hall, Friday (tomorrow), Nov, 23, 8
p.m.; Saturday night, Princess theatre,
Victoria; Sunday afternoon, Chase
Biver; Nanaimo, Sunday evening;.
Plenty of campaign literature is being freely circulated and friends everywhere seem to be lending a hand in
the election of Labor's standard-bearer,
which now seems reasonably certain.
Vancouver Institute to Be
Addressed By Labor
"Industrial Accidents and Workmen's
Compensation" will be the subject of
an address by Mr. James H. McVety,
president of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, next Thursday evening,
Nov. 29, under the auspices of thc Vancouver Institute, which holds its weekly
meetings in the University building,
corner llth avenue west and Willow
This is the first of three subjects to
be covered by speakers chosen by Vancouver Trades and Labor council and,
as there is no charge for admittance,
workmen who are interested in the subject will have an opportunity of hearing
the question dealt with from their
On Jan. 31, 1918, Mr. W. R. Trotter
will take for his topic, "Migration
within the Empire," and on March 14,
1918, "Capital, Labor and the State,"
will be discussed by E. T. Kingsley.
N. V. Secretary Buk
Through the offorts of organization,
Secretary Jenkins, of the North Shore
Civic Employees' local, hu been restored to his position in the city's employ.
Orpheum—Big VudtvUle
They bill themielvei as "Two Bachelors
of Arte," do Billle Montgomery md George
Perry, coming to the Orphean* on November
25, bat they ere more thin thit; they ire
bachelors of many irti, for, to quote their
self-description, ''they sing l little, dlnoe i
little, talk • little, play the piano • little,
and cut up ln general."
Ouabain Cigars Unfair.
Road Shows
Out of hiB heart he builds a
homo for a little girl that ho cells
his own.. And then—but we're
not allowed to say. To learn,
you'll have to see the play. Get
your seats now whilo you can.
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
With their 'Frisco Jail Baud, featuring Ruby Wlndoefl,    World's
Premier Saxophonist
(Late   Montgomery  and  Moore)   and
(Late of Ferry and While)
"The TWO Bachelor! of Art"
Playing "Pagan's Decision"
Matinee Pricei:   lie, SOe, SOe, Ste.
Bvenlflf Pricei:   16c, 800,40c, SSe, SOe
Doming to the
AU Next Weak
Vaudeville and Photo Plays
15c and 20c
Change Monday and Thursday
Continuous Noon to 11 p.m.
Next Week
Other Feature!
Note-Seed Balilni,   ».  IM
Sunmeld Raiilm, 3  lhi  SSe
Orange ud Lemon Peel, lb. SSe
Shelled Almondi,   lb  SSe
Shelled Walnuti, lh.  SSe
Deisecated  Cocoanut,   A  SOe
Large Prunea, lb.   _ lSe
Canadian Cheeie, te.   ..SOe
Mince Heat, 2 lhi. for   SSe
Finest No. 1 Alberta Butter, 0 lbs.
for    :_  0S«
Alberta Special Butter, S  lbs. 11.16
Finest Pure lard, 2 lbs. for ...... SSe
Slater's Tea, lb   SOe
131 Hastlngi Bt. Bast   Bay. earn
830 Oran-rilla 81      lay. MS
3914 Mala Stmt.    Pair. 1SS3
Shaving Soap
in any country
PiodaoM a Una Creamy Latter
and Dom Not Dry on tha Taot
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British OoUunUt
Reduction in
price of coffee
—that's good news, isn't it,
in the face of advancing
prices on all household articles?
Empress Coffee
is now sold for
40c per lb.
It's the satne old Empress Coffee
—just as good aa ever—your
"money buk If not satisled."
The only difference is that it now
comes in double lined sanitary
bags, and is unground. That
makes it keep full strength until
usod. If you haren't a household
coffee mill, your grocer will grind
it for you.
Aik yonr grocer for it
Limited *
Phone Sermour 71S»
Third Floor,  World  Bulldlnf
—The only Union Shop In VanoouTer—
This is an Election which we Canadians must so
decide as to preserve the honour of our country.
Union Government Candidate for New
Westminster Federal Riding PAGE SIX
Coats of Distinction for
Young Men are Here
at $17.50 to $25
We nre "in big" with Coata such us we have outlined, having planned
to do a good hnlf of our business on those lines. They have all of that
appealing snap to them that young men want.   They are distinctive and
something moro than just a
warm extra wrap that will
keep a man warm. They are
hore, too, for prices young
men can puy.   Instance theso?
$17.50 -E°r a Cont in me*
dium light grey tweed, satin
yoko lining, plain collar,
vortical pockets, buttoning
$22.50 for a sporty mixed
brown, shoulder lined, velvet
collar, turned cuffs, patch
$20.00 tor a dark grey
plaid tweed coat with self
collar, shoulder lined and
patch pocket.
$20.00 f°r a medium grey,
black and white, twoed coat,
with velvet collar, turned
cuff and patch flapped pockets.
$20.00 for a dark brown
plaid frieze coat with velvet collar and patch flap
$25.00 for a good full
weight coat in flared stylo
with raglan shoulder, slash
NOTE—AU the above coats
are in the short three-quarter
length, 40 and 48 inches long.
Your Hat, Sir--
It is here   <t»0 CA No More
for you at tp&.O" No Less
We Lead in Snappy and Up-to-date Models
Our Slogan:
Quality at the Least Possible Price       j
Black and White Hat Store
Ladies' Velours, Silk Velvet and Felt Hats at HALF PRICE
RIBBONS, per yard VH up   I   MOUNTS, eaeh 25< up
VELVETS, at per yard 75^   |   HARABOO, per yard 501
CTFTT'C 977 Granville Street
mj A J_J X  X    —f m    FIXTURES FOB SALE ——
'U^riibn-made Cl$its. p n      .
' CHIU.rAm*,
W6aa Buying a Cigar Sm that this UNION Bine Labal U on the boi
The Sign
Lard        Butter
Ham        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
As an old-time resident of Bnrnabr he knows values and every Inch
of the district.
, Agent Equitable Fire nnd Marino Insurance Company
Baal Estate, Conveyancing,   Insuranco,   Appraiser,  Estates Managed
I have the best exclusive listings lu Burnaby,   Oood buys for cash, in
•■    - - AU close to ear line.
lots, houses and acreage.
Phone Col, MX
P.O. Box 7
Capital 115,000,000        Best -.... 113,800,000
Fnsllrat: SIB JOBV UBO
Main OBce:  Comer Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Oer. flnt Anna aad Commareltl Mn
EA8T END Oor. P.nd.r aad Mala 8tn.ll
PAIRVIEW Oor. Blitt Anew aad OrUTill. Strut
HASTINOS aad CAMBIE Oor. Basilar, aad Caabl. Simla
KITSILANO Oor. foartk Anala and Tow Stmt
MOUNT PLEASANT Oor. EI|M» Anal, aad Mala Stmt
POWELL BTREET Oor. Vl.torla Drln ud Ptwall Stmt
800TB BILL Oor, r*>rtr*.l(ktk aad Fmor A.m.
Also North Vaneouvar Branch, Cornor Lonsdale Avenue ud Esplanade
Parm's Purposely Penned
Pertinent Paragraphs
fl Vote for Borden candidates
and Military Prison Fare.
fl Make Canada Safe for Wage-
Workers by voting thc Labor
ticket on Deo. 17.
'fl Borden's "union" stands for
the BORROWING of money and
the CONSCRIPTION of men.
fl Profits for corporations; conscription for wage-workers. Will
the electors confirm such a policy
on Dec. 17?
fl If the Borden aggregation is
elected on Dec. 17, the workers of
Canada will deserve what they
will undoubtedly get.
fl Will YOU vote for Borden's
bunch of bandits and thc nefarious work of the Press Gang, now
in evidence in Canada?
fl A vote for Borden is a vote
for kaiserism and military domination from London in Canada.
Kill the beast on Dee. 17.
fl If the Borden gang is elected
on Dec. 17, it will ensure Profits
for profiteers and bullets or jail
sentences for wage-workers.
1*1 What will the Bordcn-North-
eliffe-Sifton-White combination of
hired men for the Big Interests
NOT DO, if elected on Dee. 17?
fl The Union government pays
its Win-the-war fighters in France
$1.10 a day. It pays its Win-thc-
eleetion enumerators in' Canada
$4 a day.
_ It is whispered in Vancouver
that sons of business men patriots
are at present sojourning in
Honolulu, presumably for health-
giving reasons.
fl Tho kaiser will have to hurry
if he intends to beat the Unionized Profiteers of Canada in imposing militarism upon a hitherto
relatively free people.
fl The Combined Criminal Profit
Makers and politicians have nearly enough electors on the payroll
to ensure their election on Dec.
17. The list is too numerous to
_ If the Borden government is
elected on Dec. 17, the "discretion" used by the military
authorities, upon instructions
from Ottawa, will be cancelled
forthwith. Wage-workers will
do well to bear that fact in mind
on election day.
fl Will YOU vote for Borden
and military^Tule in Canada?
fl Vote the LABOR ticket where
possible, and anti-Borden everywhere else.
fl "Who would tlie kaiser vote
for?" That's easy. Why for'the
Borden - Union govcrncnt, of
course. That is, if ho were given
time to look over its accomplishments.
fl Better say all you have to say
BEFORE Dec. 17. After that
date, if Borden's Bandits are
elected, it will bc unsafe to say
anything, unless you are on the
government payroll.
fl "So go, young mon, and fight
for your country, while you have
thc chance. Before you come back,
if you ever come back, it will be
so full of Orientals you won't find
standing room—and you won't
have a country."
_ Only men who have failed to
entrust their lives to the Borden
autocracy are today occupying
military prisons in B. C. The
"gentlemen" who pull down
profits and make laws for the
other fellows, while themselves
breaking all the laws of decency,
are at large.
fl Premier Borden has never
consulted Labor in Canada upon
a single issue arising out of the
war. On the contrary Labor has
been ignored in every detail.
Laborers, however, havo been
given much attention through
tho Military Service aet. So much
so that no time has been found
to even curb the profit-makers.
fl "The people of Canada themselves decide to do the fighting
and the paying."—Excerpt from
Victory Bond advt. What an infernal lie! The "people" were
never consulted as to what they
wanted. The whole military programme has simply been crammed
down the throats of the electorate.
fl "Canadians are asked to lend
their money, not forced to give
their money."—Excerpt from a
Victory Bond advt. Right you
THEIR MONEY." That's it
exactly, That only applies to manpower, whieh is CONSCRIPTED.
Money is borrowed at 5V£> per
cent.   .
...November 23, 1917"
Labor Pwrty of Gaud* to B« tbe Leading
Factor in Politic*
Editor B. C. Federationlit: The great law
of compensation Is today operating in relation to the world war. The war Ib rapidly
transforming trade unionists into revolutionists, and ao ont of evil will come good.
Organised Labor in Canada la not only
entering the political arena but Ib doing bo
largely conscious of what the enemy is and
how to conquer.
From three-fold indication! at hand, this
it in evidence, First, by the TradeB Council
resolution N. 45, preiented at the late convention at Ottawa proposing the formation
of a Labor party on elais lines, and its
unanimous endorsation.
Secondly, from the letter received by the
Dominion executive of the Social-Democratic
party from President Watters, enacting cooperation In the formation of a Labor party,
which wai favorably met; and thirdly, from
the clear-cut tone of the manifesto of the
Tradei and Labor Couneil of Victoria just
received, Md from similar declaration! from
other parti,
Theae Indications, email in themselveB,
ahow that the giant, Labor, is rapidly
awakening to a consciousness of power and
After all, If organised Labor, doei not
take hold of independent political aetion,
what other power can do the work of emancipating the workers and the world in general! Will the capitalist! and tho middle
clasBes do the work! Did a parasite class
ever yet get off backs of the victims without
being flred off! Is it reasonable to suppose
that unorganized lahor can do the work!
Can we expect a jumble of proletarians who
lack the opportunity or intelligence to unite
with their class even for a fuller dinner
|)ftil do anything worth while along political
llneRl      The idea li absurd.
While trades unions were organized to
protect or promote their immediate interests
it is hut reasonable to expect the ripening
to rottenness of capitalism must sooner or j
later educate tbe tradeB unionist along revo- I
lutionary lines and this world war, with its
unmasking of our muster* and its economic
stress, has certainly hastened the mental
process which Is flrst demanded.
It Is also a fact that owing to. these late
developments the Labor party of Canada will
doubtless be better euuipped for its great
work than any other Labor party that has
yet appeared. This advanced position is evidenced In the leading spirits and proceedings
of our trades councils, especially In Western
It does not matter that tne S. P. of C.
and the 8. D. P. have about finished tbelr
career and are incapable of representing the
new political activity of the workers which
Is at hand. Their function has been mainly
educational. The Labor party will embody
the political expression of that education.
One thing li sure. There Is and can bo
no political resting place today for the workers except In a party based on the abolition
of capitalism. Wage slavery must go. No
longer doei government ownership appear a
haven of rest unions that government flmt
represents an industrial democracy nnd only
the (evolutionary working clnss can effect
this change and will da bo sooner or Inter
In Hpite of every opposition on tho pnrt of
the master clnss, In fact, the strengthening and weighting of the Iron heel of our
military plutocrncy is the ono thing Mint is
driving thousands of Canadian trades unionists Into the rnrilfs of revolution. Whether
the revolution is to bo purely politico! and
economic or whether tho kaiser of Canadn
and his junkors follow the road of their predecessors and despots in goneral and bring
i thoir overthrow and destruction through
bloody insurrection, timo alone can tell.
Tho time has come, however, when every
member of tho working class and all who
stand for true democracy must do his bit
in the political campaign now nn. Invest
your money and time in a "victory bond"
of Labor and a world's emancipation.
After all, it Is not so much the mnn wo
support as the principles ho stands for, and
yet in the coming contest tho poorest nominee of organized Labor Is leagues abend of
the most brilliant exponents of either nf the
two political parties representing tho present
economic system, capitalism.
There is no doubt that the Dominion house
will, In its next session, for the first time
have real representatives of Labor and every
vote cast will strengthen the hand and heart
of the Labor party and help to destroy the
enemy. Wherever a Labor man is In the
field every true Laborite and evory consistent socialist should support him, for he
represents the overthrow of wage slavery
and the establishment of the only economic
system which can bring peace and plenty to
"The time is  ripe and rotten-ripe for a
Vancouver, Nov. 21.
Remember There Is No List
Except the One Now
Being Compiled
Don't wait for tho enumerator to
como 'round to put you ou tlio voters'
list. If yoa >yait for that the chances
aro very good thut you will not got on
tlio list. Get ou tho trail of tlio enumerator in your district. 1'roperly impress on him the fact tliut you are a
legal voter and that ho or nobody olse
is going to disfranchise you. It muy
require a littlo troubio to flnd tho
enumerator, and to get on tho list, but
get busy. It is very important. If you
do not mako this eilort. it will bo your
own fault if you cannot get on tho list
ut tho last moment.
Tho enumerator system is designed
to stoal the olection. Don't let tho
Borden crowd do it. No enumerator
will havo tho nerve to deliberately
keep any legal voter off tho list for the
most of tho enumerators are going to
live in Vancouver for a long timo, and
if they participate, knowingly, in any
crookod work, the electors will never
forget them. So And out who tho enumerator is in your district and "peg"
him for futuro rcferonce if neod be.
At any rate, GET ON THE LIST!
It may be confidently assumed also,
that hero, as in all other countries,
oven war does not put un end altogether to the rivalries, tho widely disseminated antagonisms, which express the
normal'relation between two great political parties. The tactics of party
warfare go with the strategy required
for the affirmation of fundamental
principles. In this aspect of tho matter the roal opponent of Laurier is not
Borden; rather it is Sifton, for tho
Borden Unionist cabinet is essentially
a Sifton creation, although lie is behind tho scenes,) not behind the footlights. Ho has a strong hand, and he
uses simple methods. He used to bo
in the cabinet with Laurier, and had to
bc dropped when tho conservatives
over-ndvortised his predatory tendencies. Ho has nover shown much sign
of penitence On the contrary, he has
regularly appeared when thero wns a
chance to pay back n little of tho
It was ho who organized tlio campaign against reciprocity with/ the
United. States which overturned
Laurior in 1911. It was he who, for
good measure, Bet in motion somo powerful undercurrents ngninst Laurier as
French and Catholic. And it is to him
tho knowing ones credit the.device of
splitting the Liberal party over tho
conscription issue, a a time when it
looked as though the blunders and
failures of tho Borden cabinet had
made Laurier's return to power inevitable whenever an election was hold.
Indeed, most peoplo pay him tho compliment of believing that the amazing
win-the-election franchise act passed
by a moribund parliament would hardly have been puj through without his
daring and clearsighted insistence. For,
be it remarked, that the Union cabinet
was not formed until after the franchise operation kad made success in
thc elections at least calculably certain.—From Ottawa correspondence to
tho N. Y. Evening Post.
New Teeth  Good Teeth Long Life
For Your Health's Sake-
IT IS. imperative that you have your missing teeth
THAT you have your original teeth placed upon a
sound basis.
THESE things are important also for your looks.
It will pay you to see DB. LOWE today!
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that m many instances will do the work as well and
look as well as your original teeth.
DR. LOWE'S prices, value
considered,   are reasonable
Opposite lOoodtaafrff;) ma _4_t*yu
The riddle of human oxistenco is not
being solved for some of us very rapidly in theso dark days, but somo things
aro being made increasingly plain. Who
that thinks haB not rubbed his dazed
eyes and gasped with amazement at,
what has been happening in old Russia
-land of despotism, cruelty, bigotry
and ignorance, transformed seemingly
ia tbo twinkling of Bn oye,
How did it happonf Explain this
modern miracle? Nothing on earth can'
explain it bnt this—tho long years of
stern, heartless oppression, suppression
and persecution in Russia. Human consciences woro crushed, human liberties
brutally trampled on, the relentless lid
of powerful bigoted suppression waB
everywhere clnmpod down on all that
was dearest to millions of throbbing
human hearts. The result was that tho
very things the over-lords strove to sup*
press and kill, grew and multiplied a
thousand fold.
Whon will we ever learn that there
aro somo things it is neither wise nor
safe to suppress f Over and over history has proved that the more men try
to suppress a movement that haa truth
in it and human hearts and instincts
behind it, the moro it will spread .and.
grow and burn its way into powerf
The powors that be in our own land
seem bent on tbe same ago-old folly in
their efforts at wholesale suppression.
They seem blissfully ignorant of'the
fact that they aro fooling with a volcano whoso smouldering fires burn deep
and hot at the heart of things. They
might just as well issuo an injunction
against a tornado as to try to suppress
tho things that socialism and its organs
stand for. The tighter the lid is jam*
med down thc swifter and moro suro
will bo the upheaval.—Vigi lax, in Seattle Daily Call.
il;/*- SNUFF 'VV
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Editor B. 0. Federatlonist: Will you allow
a little space lo your much-read paper to
give my views on Victory Bonds. I fail to
see how the average working man or woman
can invest In Victory Bonds. Tbey can't
even invest in a soup bone for their hungry
children. Nor do I see the returned soldiers
with any money to Invest. Nor are tbe war
widows, or the soldiers' wives or mothers
able to Invest. If they dare try H the patriotic fund people would be after tbem and stop
their cheques. Whoever heard of charity recipients investing in Victory Bonds t The
only people who are Investing are companies
and people that tho Borden government allowed to get rich for tho last three'years, on
blood money. And the Victory Bond gives
thtun another chance for more blood money,
I expect Flavelle, Allison and others will be
some of the greatest investors, while we and
onr children and grandchildren will be taxed
for years to come to pay them Interests on
their investments. We have everything to
lose and nothing to gain by electing any of
Bordon's gang on Dec. 17.
Vancouver, Nov. 17, 1917.
Workers' Standards Must Not Be Lowered During War
Pay womon men's wages whero they
do men's work, summarizes one section
of the roport of Mrs. R. A. Morton,
president of tho Wyoming Stato Federation of Women's clubs, to the annual convention meeting in Thermopo-
"Women who are replacing mon called to the colors," sho said, "should
receive equal pay for equal work, not
only becauso that would bo just, but
also because that would be tho only
way in which tho men returning after
the war would rcflpivo their former
employment at their former salaries."
Mrs. Morton opposed lowering tho
workers' standards, and in urging a
continuance of social reforms during
the war period, said:
"Can you resist the appeal of a hungry child easier now? Does war jus-
tjfy the labor of littlo children who
so soon must take up tho burdon of
reconstruction? Do not our schools
need ou> support just tho samo? Are
our laws so perfect tliat thoy cannot
be improved? Fnr CO years the best
people of our In ml liavo urged every
effort for higher standards of health,
hotter schools, bettor industrinl conditions. Wo can not afford to relax our
vigilance for a moment, for upon tho
efficiency of tho civilian corpB depends
tho success of our army abroad"
Promoter Blunt Cigars Unfair.
Making the World Safe
fot* Democracy
Dr. J. A. Macdonald, in one of the most profound and dramatic addresses
ever listened to by a Vancouver audience, analyzed democracy, in a way that
carried a "broad-guaged" mhrtWown to the very vitals of intolerance. Not
only did he tear political autocracy to ribbons, but conveyed! a meaning that
extended to autoeraoy in all its social phases. It ia jurt this "narrow-guaged"
autocracy, so severely condemned by Dr. Macdonald, that is retarding the
development of every science and' every invention.
IT is to be regretted that more men of Dr. Macdonald's type, with eyes to see,
and the courage to denounce hypocrisy, andl sham are not more often found
among our public men.
NOT only is tho world passing through a political house-cleaning, but the time
is opportune for a professional house-cleaning of the most thorough and finished character, to be carried out in the most harmonious and cordial manner.
THAT autocracy is not confined to the political world, is well-known to many
who have experienced it's despotic nature, but have had the constitutional
mentality to survive and loathe it.
IN an exclusive professional atmosphere, a thousand or more autocrats, scattered over this continent, are fattening on thc fabulous sums of money,
squeezed from an over trustful, credulous, and cozened public for operations
unnecessary, and often harmful, where they fail to cure.
THE time has arrived, is at our gates, when some steps should be taken to
assemble a commission of talented professional men and women to extract from
every professional calling or professional dogma thc most valuable information in respect to the treatment of mankind,*, whether it is obtained from allopaths, homopaths, christian science, asteopaths, chiropractors, orthodonists,
and all aftd every cult which professes to have some valuable method of healing whether of a secret character or not.
A BODY of professional practitioners could be launched for public service,
possessed of all the latest specifics and methods for preventing human ills, a
body of professional gentlemen who would be actuated more by a spirit of
Human Welfare than by a greed for gold. Thousands of human wrecks would
derive inestimable benefits from such a plan,, and thousands would in conse-
quor. .io be restored as self-supporting members of society, and thus relieve the
public from their expensive detention in publie instituions.
NATURALLY for some time there would be persons who would be unwilling
to make a change.
"Talk ol your science) after all is raid.
There's nothing like a bare and shiny head;
Age lends the graces that are sure to please;
Polks want thoir doctors mouldy like their cheese."
—Rip Van Winkle.
OLD orders changcth in all things, but in the treatment of human ills.   Why
shbuld wo treat tho effect, when it is so easy to prevent the causo ?   The publie
should demand prevention, and cure should no longer be tolerated.
Hear A, McKay Jordan, Sunday evening 8:30 (after church).   He will itrip
•the shell from the meat of this subject, in his lecture entitled, "CHIMBS
Chairman for the evening, H. W. Collier, Probation Officer.
To Secure Good Seats Come Early >MH
..November 23, 1917
Imperial Electric
Sewing Machines
One of the handiest machines manufactured. They
are portable and can be carried from one room to
another. High grade in every respect except price,
and without that wearying, tiresome treadle wort
that drives so many home dressmakers to distraction. They are electric and the high-grade fixture
motor is made by the famous firm of 'Hamilton
Beach. Oh, yes—the motor can be taken off, and the
machine used as a treadle machine, if necessary.
Price of machine, complete with motor, $37.50, on
terms of $5.00 cash and $5.00 monthly.
L^_.   jj tatoopmma  iota     nmtrt t smstSss. wimi mwiuum*. ( /*t*\ )
Granville and Georgia Streets
Be kind to your teeth-it pctys
THE person who is kind to—takes proper care of-rthoir teeth is amply
rewarded. Tbat person enjoys tho solid comfort whioh only those
with good tooth have—freedom from pain and troublo from that source—
knowledge that tho countenance is not disfigured by ansightly teeth—
assurance as to tho safeguarding of the general health at a weak point,
I will be glad to meet you and show you why and how it pays you to
be kind to yonr teeth.  Oome to my offlce and consult me.
XEiy aims Uten If usees-
eaiy; lo-yiar gusr.nt.es
Buminttlou   mads   on
pbons tppolntmtnts.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown anil Bridge Specialist
60S Hastings Street West, Oor. Seymonr
Opsa Tntidayt and Fridays unto 8 p.m.
Big Sacrifice Sale
All Trimmed Hats in this store .
half price and tinder _\i
Ste Special Window
JL     oAt/IHnery  532 GranvUle Street
J. Hanbury & Co.
Fourth Avenue and GranvUle Street
Bayview 1076 Bayview 1077
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
hare THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their iidiridual
addresses at the rate of S1 per year.
Quite a Striking Contrast
to Cringing Slogan of
White Man
The following lettergram, forwarded
to tbe governmont at Ottawa, speaks
for itself. Iff is indeed fortunate for
the powers that be that white wago
slaves are not possessed of the samo
virile spirit as the Indiana. If thoy
were, they wo did havo lesB respect for
ruling class law than is now tho case.
This lcttorgram affords quite a striking
contrast1"to tho cringing white man's
"we humbly petition," or "wo hulnbly
Dominion Hotol,  Victoria, B. C.
Nov. 17, 1917.
Tho Primo Minister of Canada,
We, chairman and secretary committee Allied Indian Tribes, British Columbia, consider we should inform you recently announced view Canadian government Indians, within Military Sorvico Act, has caused sorious unrest
among Indians in this provinco, who
while loyal British subjects, -yet on account of land question not settled and
citizenship withheld, have long thought
rights of men denied them, and now
having no voice in Canadian affairs, regard enforced military service as enslavement. We are Bure' any attempted
enforcement of act against Indians
would be forcibly resisted and probably
cause bloodshed. Wo ask you specially
consider that oppression of any weak
raco would violate principles for upholding which Britain and Dominions are
in war, and further fact tbat on account Irish question unsettled, Irish
people excluded from British Conscription Act. We hope you will accept this
warning as sent ia helpful spirit, and
take prompt action required by state of
affairs. .   ,
P. R.  KELLY,  Chairman.
J. A. TEIT,  SecreUry.
If all mankind minus one, were of ono
opinion, and only one porson wero of
tho contrary opinion, mankind would
be no moro justified in silencing that
one person, than he, if he had the
power, would be justified in silencing
mankind.—John Stuart Mill.
THEY again demonstrate tho Liberty
Store's supremacy for value-giving.
You don't have to pay exclusive agenoy
prices HEBE. Our spot cash buying
system knows no barriers and ne now offer at lower prices suoh well-known brands
as Walkover, Begal, Copeland-Eyder, Bice
and Hutchison, Plorsheim, Hartt, J. and
T. Bell, Slater and Astoria Boots. We
have the above-mentioned brands in stock
at 60 Fer Oent, lew than other merchants
ask for the same shoes. Wo invite YOU
to come ih tomorrow or any day and look
over these high-grade boots that our buy*
er* just shipped to us from the interior of
British Columbia. The sale opens Saturday ot 10 a.kf.
Ladies' Shoes
v Small Sites Only
1000 pairs of Women's Shoos, including
such makes os Queen Quality, Utz and
Dunn of Bochester, N. Y.; Sorosis and
othor famous American brands. Values
in this lot from $7.50 to $13. Sites 2,
2_, 3, 3% only. Aft AQ
Selling Out Sale «p£.S70
—Mezzanine Floor.
Ladies' Fine Boots,   8-inch tops,   extra
quality, world-famed makers.   The cream
of tho Shoe Department. e_jt aa
Selling Out Salo «P*tWO
Look I Look!
lien's high-grade Boots, in popular styles
and narrow lasts, made of selected vie!
kid, glazed kangaroo, etc. The famous
Educator Shoe*, also Walkovers. Values
to 012, all elaeej Selling
Out Sale  *	
lien's Fine Patent Leather Boots; including Walkover, Slater, Bell and other
equally famous brands. Vals. *9AO
to *9. Selling Out Sale .pO.liO
500 pairs of Wotnen's Oxfords, all sites;
black or tan; the highest qualities, including the best manufacturers of the
United States and Canada. Values
♦8.50. All thrown out
Values   to
250 pairs of Ladies' Pumps, made by the
world's leading manufacturers;   all sizes.
Values to $6.00.   Selling
Out Sale	
Men's Shoes
250 pairs of lien's Boots for work or
dress; all sizes. Values In (_f_ AQ
this lot to te. Selling OutJjMe tJltm.VO
Hartt Boots, tan and patent colt; big
assortment.  Values to 910.      &A (_f_
Soiling Out Sale ._ <p*t.t70
Begal Boots for men; all sites. Values
to $11.00.   Selling Out *C  AQ
Extra!  Extra I
Astoria, Slater, Hartt Boots for men; 150
pairs only; all sites.   Begular to $9.00.
Tff™ MA9
Our Entire Stock of ItoB'l Clothing and
Furnishings at Corresponding Low Prlcea
THF IIRPRTY QTflRF 319 Hastings street w.
I I1L   LslUbll I   I    Ol Ullb    BUSCOMBFS OLD STAND	
From the Front Trenches
Of Tyranny's Armageddon
With Democracy Rampant'in the Foreground While Autocracy Shudders
Guiltily on  the   Back   Benches
In Philadelphia, Federal Judgo Dickinson has ruled that tho military authorities are supreme in the determination of eligibles for the national army
and that tho federal courts cannot interfere. The decision effectively blocks
attempts of many drafted aliens in this
vicinity to obtain writs of* habeas corpus for thoir immediate release from
tho army.—Daily Province.
Tho decisions of tho tribunals show
that nine out of ten of the men claiming exemption who havo appeared before them are not ih any sense slackers,
having claims to exemption which are
considered justified. It follows that if
this averago is maintained few men will
be contributed by Vancouver under the
new conscription law. It is not expected, howover, thut it will be maintained.—Daily World, 'Nov. 14.
All the workers in tho state of Yu*
cntan, Mexico, aro organized. The
Chinese have a union known as the
Worker's Lodge, which is affiliated
with tho general Labor movement. The
Worker's Lodge recently eame into notice on the United States' sido of the
border, through the adoption of a
strong resolution denouncing "the bar*
barous action taken by the San Francisco juries against Mooney and Billings."
Up to today the polico have not made
any arrests under tho act, the only caso
so far known in tho province occurring
at Fernie, whoro Bert McKinnon was
taken into custody. On boing taken
before tho magistrate ho was given the
option of serving two yoars in jail or
complying with the act, and chose the
latter, being immediately sent to this
city, whore ho was turned ovor to the
1st battalion dopot by Liout. Ellor of
tho local militury police.—Daily Province, Nov. 14. ' '
Calgary, Nov. 14.—Tho first arrests
under the Military Service Act wore
mndo this morning whon detectives undor instructions of Registrar Carson
rounded up a number of men who have
failed to report for examination boforo
modical boards. Tho men woro immediately turnod over to tho military authorities at Victoria barracks, whero
they are confined. Tho dragnet for offenders who huvo neither reported for
service nor claimed exemption, that is
mon who havo ignored tho act altogether, will be thrown out in a few days, it
is stated.—Daily Province, Nov. 14,
On Nov. 14, tho convention of the
Industrial Workors of tho World, which
was in sossion nt Omaha, Neb., was invaded by a largo body of policemen
and deputies, who broke it up and ar
ested over two hundred of tho delegates. It is stated that this action was
taken under orders from Washington,
It is thus that another wicked thrust
has been Bcorcd ngainst autocracy and
tho world brought nearer to the time
whon democracy may walk boldly
abroad throughout the earth, both unabashed and unafraid.
Tho ninth annual meeting of tho Pacific Logging congress wns hold in Seattle recently. Tho dolegates wore all
earnest and whole-souled patriots and
lusty-Iungod wnr shoulers. As an indication of thoir breadth of vision and
tho noble ninmioc> in which thoy hovo
rallied to their country's aid with valuable suggestions in this her hour of
need, is shown in the following resolutions: "Tho formation of u foroHtry
regiment to bo employed in logging
spruce for (tho production of airplano
lumber; the conducting of an active
campaign in the logging camps to sell
Liberty Bonds; tho flying of tho national colors at all British Columbian j
and American logging camps; an ag
gressive food conservation campaign in
all logging camps; the development of
courses at agricultural colleges for
camp cooks." There is some patriotism and democracy for you. Soe tho
point f
The groat riots in Turin, Italy, where
hundreds of revolutionists were shot
down in the streets behind their barricades, has sot all Italy aflame. More
troops are being held throughout Italy
than an tho Austrian front, to quell
popular uprisings. This throws some
light upon the recent debacle at the
front. The conditions throughout Italy
are said to be something awful to contemplate. Food oan scarcely be gotten
by tbo poor in sufficient quantity to
keep them alive, there is no eoal to be
had and the masses of Italy are in
rags. Let tho goodi work go on. We
fight for domocracy and liborty. Also
tho rights of small nations. Don't forget that. i
The Zurich, Switzerland, polico have
arrested eighty persons charged with
inciting Swiss troops to disobey orders,
and to insult their officers. These
charges and accusations oame as a result of a pacifist manifestation. Tho
officer commanding the troops has beon
given full power to "preserve order."
Of course, any one with ordinary powers of observation knows what that
means. It means that the military is
in absolute command, "Prussian kultur" is in tho saddle the same there
as it is here. All meetings and gatherings in the Btreet have beon prohibited.
Of courso. Hurrah for democracy and
the democratic army of Switzerland!
Tho Russian Bolsheviki denies that
it is in favor of or is agitating for a
separate poace with tho Teutonic enemy. What it demands is an immediate
poace without annexations or contributions. To attain that end it proposes
to call upon tho Germans at tbe battle-
front to rovolt against Prussian* Jim-
korthum, as tbo Russians revolted
ngainst Cznrdom. Arrangements are
being made to scatter millions of proclamations ovor the German lines by
means of aeroplanes and othewlse. If
tho Germans will not overthrow thoir
warlords and holp to establish peaee
upon a democratic basis, tho Bolsheviki will call upon the peasants and
workers to fight to the finish with the
Allies, that the Teutonic autocracy tnay
bo demolished.
Otto Wangerin, of St. Paul, Minn.,
a young man well known to the citizens of that enlightened burg as one
of the most active and earnest workers
in the socialist movement, has beon
givon a sontence of fifteen years lu
•fho federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas. His crime was that of
being a conscientious objector. He
nobly stood by his conscientious
scruples against taking human lifo, and
not only refused to register for tho
horrible business, but also refused to
don tho uniform and take any part
whatover in military drill. For thus
literally oboying the divine injunction
"thou shalt not kill," this mere boy
gots what the bost and noblost of tho
ruce havo always got nt the hands of
tho war-cni/.od maniocs and blood-bo-
sotted tooln of ruling class ambition
and Inspiration in cowardly ruffianism
and brutal atrocity.
Jesse Bsohbaoh (sounds liko German), stato conscription officer of Indiana, hns authorized draft appeal
boards to "rcvoko exemptions from
army sorvice granted any farmor, farmer's son, or any other man who has
boen exempted from tbo draft, if tho
father or son has refused to give reasonable financial    aid    to tho liberty [
Oh, Democracy, what noble efforts are
indeed put forth in thy noble and most
glorious cause!
An agent of tho department of justice (may the good Lord deliver us),
has issued the dictum, that unless eight
professors of tho Uuivorsity of Illinois,
who aro charged with disloyalty, are
dismissed, tho government will take action. Whether thoir disloyalty consists
of being unable to purchase liberty
bonds or of being afflicted with a rop-
rohensiblo partiality for peace instoad
of a highly commendable thirst for
blood and gore, is not stated in the
Scott Nearing, former professor in
tho University of Pennsylvania, and
well-known writor and speaker upon
social and economic subjects, was recently arrested while delivering an-alleged anti-war address in Duluth, Minn.
Ho was fined $50. Four others with him
were arrested and held on charges of
vagrancy. All five appear to have been
altogether too leniently dealt with, in
viow of the enormity of oven thinking
of peace in these glorious days, when
all safe and sane persons long for blood
and gore. Hurrah for democracy and
bloody war, Down with autocracy and
effeminate and enervating peace. Let
democracy be mado safe even though it
be necessary to put the entire population of the earth in jail. Let the glorious war continue until one small jail
be sufficient to meet all requwments.
Out upon all renegades and seditious
persons who prefer ignoble peaee
most glorious war.
Rev. Herbert S. Bigelow, who was
forcibly escorted into the Knetucky
woods and brutally beaten by some
twenty automobile loads of cownrdl;
white-cap ruffians, is still In the hospital recovering from the injuries inflicted upon him by the cowards into
whoso patriotic clutches he fell. No
attempt upon the part of the authorities to apprehend and punish the ruffians who perpetrated the brutal assault upon Bigelow hus yet been recorded. Two more citizens of Cincinnati
have received warnings of similar
treatment being meted out to thom for
alleged disloyalty, suoh disloyalty, of
course, consisting merely of disapproval of the governmental war policy. The
white-cap organization is a secret one,
containing somo 800 members, forty
per cent, of whom belong in Cincinnati, the balance in Newport and Covington, Ky. It evidently exists by
governmont sanction. Somo domocracy,
to be sure.
For the quarter ending Sept. 20, the
net earnings of tho United States Stool
Corporation amounted to the-trifling
sum of $131,076,707. This was all tho
poor, overworked owners had loft aftor
they had been cruolly robbed by the
governmont of something liko ♦03.000,-
000 dollars on account of war income
and war excess-profits' tax, and the
usual interest charges to bondholders
had been deducted. Had it not been
for these deductions and robberies they
would havo realized a fairly reasonable compensation for their thrift, industry and abstinence during the aforesaid quarter year. The governmental
and bondholder infamios perpetrated
upon those owners should be called to
the attention of all conscript slaves and
their sympathies thus enlisted in the
cause of the weak against the strong.
While they are nobly fighting in "defense of the rights of small nations"
"to mako tbo world safe for democracy," thoy might also Btrike a blow
on bohalf of thoso poor but patriotic
owners who aro ruthlessly strippod of
their hard-earned "esrnings" through
villainous excess profit taxation and
other reprohensiblo Impositions.
Admiration Cigars Unfair.
jjhion MILLED
J.  PHILLIPS  *  CO.,  Afinti
1288 JUmlttoD
Phons 6«6
Opposite Ubor Tempi.
_   —HMdqoirter. (or Ubor Men—
Bites—76o ud 11.00 per iay.
•2.60 per week tnd ap.
OU. tt BMioMtn him
Th.jr tr. th. finest bit ot workmtn*
Up la tb. bleyel. world: 8 different
models in Ttri.tr of colon.
Prim from H1.50 to »»«.oo, ra
ttsy Mjmutt If -Urirtd.
"Tb. Pioneor Bleyel. Store "
M« Howe 8t,    tn Haattatt Bt W.
Labor Tempi* Preee    Bey. MM
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
•30 annul, stmt
•1» Hutlng, stmt Wut
Hemstitching, battons covered, letlkp*
ping, button hole,, pinking, sponging ui
shrinking, lettering,  plcot edging, putting, niching, embroidery, hemming.
•SS OrurUl. St. lilt DtuUt M.
Ph.ne Say. Sltl Pkwt UM
,-llonn, Bed Cross, nnd other wnr work." I
Refined Service
Ono Block west of Court Houie.
Ute of Modem Chapel and
Funeral l'arlori free to all
Telephone Seymou MM
Assignee Sale
Stock of Diamonds,
Watches, Jewelry
\. ■
The Assignee of the estate of C. F. Bigger, carrying on business under the name of Geo. G. Bigger
& Co., Jewelers, at No. 23 Hastings Street West,
Rex Theatre building, Vancouver, B. C, has received instructions from the creditors to put on an
Assignee Sale.
The Assignee has been carrying on the business
for the past two years and, since the meeting of the
creditors held on the 16th of March last, has purchased over $26,000 worth of new, up-to-date goods,
consisting of Diamonds, Ladies' Wrist Watches,
Gents' Watches, Military Watches, Watch Chains,
Neck Chains, Pendants, Lavallieres, Rings, Brooches, Earrings, Lockets, Stick Pins, Cuff Links, Signet
Rings, Glass, Silverware, Tea Sets, Casseroles, Mesh
Bags, Cigarette Cases, Vanity Cases, Berry Sp'oons,
Knives, Forks, Photo Frames, Fancy Clocks, and a
host of other goods suitable for the Christmas trade,
and will sell them at assignee sale prices. Remember, this is the only assignee sale in the city.
Don't FArget the Sale Is Now On
Geo. G. Bigger & Co.
Rex Theatre Building
Just across the street from New Pantages Theatre
FBIDAT. November 23, 1917
Have You Ever Tried a
Suit or Overcoat
If not, there never was a better opportunity to
test the merits of superiority claimed for them by
the makers over many kinds of clothes offered for
Sold Only By
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
Austin,  Labor  Candidate,
Faces Enthusiastic
Assisted By George Stirling
in a Convincing and
Able Address
NELSON, B. C. Nov. 21.—The opening
shot in the campaign In the West Kootenay, was flred on Saturday, Nov. 17th
In the Eagle hall, Nelson. The speakers
were I. A. Austin the labor candidate
and George F. Stirling, of Salmon Arm.
Mr. J. H, Wilkinson of Nelson, presiding.
The hall was well filled with a very
large and enthusiastic audience and judging from the numerous burst of applauae
which punctuated the speeches it was
easily seen that the audience had no
faith whatever in the Borden Union.
The chairman showed his good sense
and tact by refusing to make a speech
and after a few introductory remarka
he Introduced the first speaker of the
evening, Mr. G. F. Stirling.
Q. F. Stirling'■ Addmi
Ur. Stirling began his address by impressing upon the audience the gravity
of the situation in the world and ih this
country at the present day. This situation had been brought about by autocratic governments usurping the authority of the people and it seemed as though
there was an unholy alliance existing
between the pulpit, the press and the
politician ln all the belligerent countries
to fool the people as to the real issue at
stake. The press of this country had
filled the people up with ideas of the
greatness and importance of Canada in
tho world conflict that the people were
evidently Buffering from swelled head.
A Companion of Strength
The speaker pointed out that the Central Powers had a total population of
about 168 millions, as against 1,000 millions on the side of the Allies and Mr.
Borden has told us with much gravity
that unless we Introduce Conscription
and send 100,000 to Europe, civilization
Is at stake. Mr. Stirling pointed out
that Italy had just lost 250,000 men and
asked If his audience thought that was
going to affect the ultimate issue of the
war. 100,000 men Is only a drop.in the
bucket compared with the millions of
soldiers on the weat front, and tf all
Canada's forces were removed from
France the ultimate issue of the war
would not be seriously affected thereby.
The fact of the matter Is. said the speaker, Mr. Borden has promised 500,000 men
from Canada and it seems as though he
will aend 500,000 men from Canada If
he brought the country to ruin by so
Tho Preu Function
The speaker then went on to show that
the Press had lied to the people about
the submarine menace telling them that
it was undr controf when as a matter of
fact millions of tona of supplies were
tied up In Atlantic and American ports
through lack of ships. The speaker
read a quotation from the Rossland
Miner dated Sept. 29 th, from Washington which showed that the U. S, would
have to curtail the transportation of
troops to Europe owing to this shortage.
France alone U known to have a million
tons of supplies tied up for lack of ships.
This means, said the speaker, a Bhortage
of 2,000 vessels of 5,000 tona register to
aend thc supplies for the troops of
France. Italy was also short of supplies
and thin wns thc reason of the collapse
of the Italian Army. Your gr«nt armies,
nald thit speaker, aro little hotter than
rows of skittles unless they arc backed
up by the necessnry supplies and quoted
SHOES for all occasions—Shoos
for all occupations.
MEN who wear tho "LECKIE"
never return to any imported
brand—one pair of 'LECKIE'S'
is an asBurunce against that.
WHEN you go to your dealers,
ask to bog the vurious stylos of
a pair—note tho EASE, COMFORT and FIT. Noto tho superior leather, and workmanship.
(Look for the name "LECKIE"
stamped on evory pair.)
Napoleon's remark that "un army marches on its stomach."
And yet, when there is such a shortage
of labor In this country and when there
Is such an urgent need for ships, Mr.
Borden jauntily introduces a Bill to take
more men out of the country and stack
them up In England along with the tens
of thousands who are already there and
who huve not yet been to France.
A Military Argument
A gallant soldier in the audience here
shouted "liar" but Mr. Stirling's good
breeding prevented him from returning
the insult und the interrnptor was crushed with contempt.
An Intelligent government, said the
speaker, instead of taking men away
from active production at such a serious
time would get all the available men
In the country who could saw and hammer to go to the coast and build ships
day and night. If we lose this war he
went on, it will be not for the lack of men
but for the lack of ships. Mr. Borden's
Conscription meusure is the greatest
folly of all the follies of the late government and that is one reason why Mr.
Austin, the labor candidate stands for
Its abolition.
The Third Degree of Deceit
The speaker then referred to the third
way In which the press und the government is attempting to fool the people.
They tell us, he said, that we are fighting for democracy, but we remember
that there was no word of democracy
mentioned until after the Russian revolution. Democracy Is looming large on the
horizon of the world and all the belligerent countries of the Allies are consequently desirous of being on the side
of the giant. But If one might judge by
the legislation which had been Introduced
in some of these countries since the war
started one would get quite a different
impression. Those countries which are
making the most noise about fighting for
democracy were the very countries in
whieh legislation had been introduced
by means of which both liberty and
democracy were being trampled in the
The Sanctity of Democracy
Since the beginning of the war, Bald
the speaker, the habeas corpus act has
been suspended. A test case was taken
to the supreme court ln England and four
of the five Judges upheld the crown, only
one Judge, Lord Shaw, had the courage
to stand up and defend the rights of the
people as set forth ln that law which
was one of the fundamental liberties of
democracy. And today a man might be
arrested without a warrant and jailed
without a trial under the Defence of the
Realm Act.
Eesurroction of an Infamy
The war had also seen the establishment of the offlce of the Censor which
had been abolished In England ln 1688.
The excuse for the censorship Is that
too much latitude at this time might
lead to sedition and unrest, but if there
was ever a period ln England which was
noted for Ub sedition, revolt and revolution, It was precisely that period of
the Stuart dynasty when the censorship
of the press was laBt In vogue. Freedom of expression was as necessary as
the steam valve, and if it Is blocked It
Is likely to lead to serious trouble for
the state, Mr. Stirling quoted Milton's
statement that "the lasue of the brain
should no more be stifled than the issue
of the womb." And that no good government need fear to face a battery of
paper bullets. It was only a wicked
government which needed to suppress
the truth and the censorship of the press
was the greatest Indictment of the government which any one could make.
Why Bnuia Has Lost Heart
Mr. Stirling then went over the
ground to show that the war was not
begun as a flght for democracy. He
showed how after the mobilization of
Austria that Russia had come forward
on the pretext that she wan the defender
of the Slavs in the Balkans, but how,
later, Premier Trepoff had told the world
that "Russia was fighting for Constantinople and now she Is within sight of
her goal." said Trepoff. Russia wob
dragged Into the war to steal Constantinople and that la why the Russian
people have lost all heart in the war
since they have dethroned their autocratic government.
Somo German Hypocrisy, Too
Then Germany pretended that she wns
mobilizing to defend herself against Russia, but no one believes that was the
reason why she entered the wur. The
fact Is, said the speaker, that this war
had been brewing for yeai'h and lt must
came as a product of the Insane commercial system of capitalism. Foreign
markets arc necessury us a dumping
ground for the surplus wealth which
has been robbed from the workers. There
are not enough foreign markets to absorb all this surplus. The result is the
struggle hns become so Intense that war
was the logical outcome. Chamberlain
saw how things were going years ago
nnd thut was the reason for tho introduction of his tariff scheme in England.
Let the government make a clear statement of what we are fighting for and
if the people consider It worth while it
will not be necessary to Introduce conscription said the speaker
The Labor Platform Expounded
Mr. I. A. Austin then took the platform and confined his talk to explaining
the various planks of the Labor platform, The unionists and the liberals
alike had made a bogey of our first plank
for the repeal of the Conscription law.
The working clasB had fought the issue
ever since It was flrst mooted. They
had scented its coming when the registration scheme was adopted last winter
and In spite of all the usurnnces of the
Borden government to the contrury not-
wlthstundlng, It had heen foisted upon
The Next Step
The speaker snld industrial conscription- was the next step ami would surely
lie put in force unless the workers voted
against this act at the election. The fact
that 810,000 men out of 332,000 in the
first class to tie called up hud claimed
exemption was sulltclent to show that
It wns an unpopular move and if we had
any democracy at all in this country the
people should not stand for this luw. Instead of these win-the-war leaguers who
never won a biscuit having so much to
say In the matter the speaker thought
that the man who hud to shoulder the
gun should have the nay.
The Solditr'i *ay
With regard to thc second plank, that
$3.00 per day should be paid to the soldiers, the speaker showed how these extra funds could easily be raised by tuxing
the wealth which Is now being absorbed
by profiteers.   The   dependents   of   the
Street Railway Employees'
Representatives Protest
At Victoria
Backwash   From   Calgary
Union-hating Manager
Not Wanted Here
VICTORIA, B, C, Nov. 22.—Officers
of the Street Railway Employees
union will meet the provincial govern*
ment executive today to open their
fight against the introduction of one-
man street cars ln Victoria, Vancouver and New Westminster, as suggested hy the report to the govern
ment of Dr. Adam Shortt on the affaire of the B. C. Electric.
Mr. J. Hubble, Vancouver, president of Pioneer Division No. 101
and vice-president of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, came to
Victoria yesterday. Mr. Hubbel told
of his surprise at the story emanating from Vancouver to the effect that
the union would not offer any opposition to the recommendation of the
commissioner, but would co-operate
with the company to give the one-man
cars a fair trial. "It is a well-known
fact that all the divisions of Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster
have already gone on record as opposed to this type of car," said Mr.
Mr. W. Yates, New Westminster,
business agent of the Btreet railway-
men's union and one of the vice-
presidents of the B. C, Federation of
Labor, will also arrive in the city today.
Professional   Bond  Salesmen
Editor 11. C. Federatlonist: May I call
your attention to the high-handed, impertinent and brow-beuting methods used by some
of the Victory Bond salesmen t
I had just come home for lunch today
whon the door-bell rang. My wifo answered
the door and found a bond salesman, who
started a persuasive speech with tho object
of Inducing her to buy. Sho civilly explained
that notwithstanding the advantages (which
sho fully understood) of tho loan she had,
unfortunately, no money (not oven fifty
dollars)  to Invest.
Finding that his talk was of no avail, the
salesman eventually took a notebook and
pencil from his pocket, remarking in a
threatening tone: "Then tf you refuse to
buy a bond, I shall have to report you to
the governmont."
I had overheard the conversation and at
thiB point I stepped into the hall and as-
sistod him In making a hurried If not dignified exit, hut I should like to know whether the government encourages its salesmen
to Insult and threaten defenceless women
who are not fortunate enough to have money
te invest.
232 Twelfth avenne west.
soldiers  would  then  be saved  entirely
from having to depend upon charity.
The third clause in the labor platform
was that the private ahould get the
same penBlon as an officer for the same
disability. This would show that the
country was really democratic.
Tha Eight-Hour Day
The speaker then referred to the Eight
Hour Day. Me showed how this was
only a measure of Justice. The workers had formerly worked 10, 12, and 14
hours, but through agitation many had
now got the 8 hour day. And when lt
becomes universal, we shall then demand 8 hours, and If I am alive said
the speaker, believe me, when we get six
we shall struggle for less.
The speaker then briefly alluded to
the government inspection of industries,
abolition of the election deposit, proportional representation, Equal suffrage, nationalization of natural resources, and
the Initiative, referendum and the recall.
The speaker pointed out that whilst
the liberals only called for the referendum upon conscription the labor party
demanded a referendum on all Important
legislation which affected the people.
The meeting was a great success and
Mr. Austin and Mr. Stirling have gone
off for a tour of the Slocan. Our subcommittees reports are very Inspiring,
and, Judging by the way the funds are
coming in for the campaign the men
are In deadly earnest.
Saturday Will
Be Dollar Day
at our store and very speoiel
bargains will be offered for
the day.
Watch our windows for
the goods and thc prices.
Union Made Shirts
for Working, Just Received
Heavy Black Tweed Shirts,
collars attached .. $1,50
Dark Grey Flannel  Shirts,
collars attached .. $1.50
Grey Ceylon Flannel Shirts,
collars attached .. 81.75
Fine Military Flannel Shirts,
collars attached .. $3.00
Dark  Grey  Wool Flannel,
collars attached .. $3.00
Two Reliable Stores for Men
inB. 0.
Look for the Big Bod Arrow Sign
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Alio 614-618 Yates St., Victoria
Flesh Colored
The yoke of theso is of
crepe de chine and lace
with hand - embroidered
spray and ribbon to finish; sizes are from 34 to
44, at $2.00 each.
Sleeping Garment at $2.00
In white cambric with
wide bands of colored
trimming. These are made
with a V-shaped neck,
pointed pocket and with
clastic at ankles.
Color combinations include white with mauve,
cadet or flesh; shown in
large, medium or small
sizes at $2.00 each.
Other 'Billiebirke' Sleeping garments at $3.50,
$5.00 and $7.50.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Censor Is Having* Mercy
Since    He   Interfered
With "Free Speech"
Owing to the tact that a clause ln
the act creating a censor ot motion
pictures requires that everything, no
matter what lt Ib, shall pass through
the censor's office, even the picture
of the king, if thrown on the screen,
Walter Hepburn, so-called "censor,"
has succeeded in bringing to a stop
the publication of some facts regarding the Brewster government which
got under the said government's hide.
Brewster was the author of the
amusement tax, whereby the patrons
of movies, which Include the poorer
classes, have to pay a tax for the
privilege ot a little relaxation.
Brewster and his government did
not like to look upon Its own child,
so Walter Hepburn, the oldtlme plasterer, who has developed Into a censor of motion pictures, was instructed
to put a stop to the display of information informing the public as to
who had been responsible.
But there was nothing ln the act
which would prevent the proprietors
of motion picture houses trom stating
the facts In the public press. Of
course, if grouchy old Walter had his
tfay, lie would stop the press from
publlslng the facts of the case.
It Is time the government removed
Hepburn, He Is a sour, surly, dyspeptic and the longer he Is on the
job the worse public opinion will turn
against the government.
Bocky Mountain Conception of Liberty
Fails to Shins in the
Bordering State
H. W. Watts, editor of the Everett
Co-operative Nows, fortnerly the North*
wost Worker, socialist weekly, has been
arrested. Watts has beon editor of tho
Northwest Workor for two years, and
is a member of tho socialist party.
Thero is no charge lodged agninst him,
but it Ib enid that he is being held for
investigation on the count of "urging
resistance to tho draft law." Ho is a
Canadian, and offorts will probably be
made to deport, him. %
Governor General Here.
At 11 o'clock Tuesday morning the
Duke of Devonshire, governor-general
of Canada, will pay a visit to the
Western Canada shipyard. The plant
will be decorated for the occasion and
will he running full blast for the
governor-general's Inspection. ThlB Is
one of the largest shipyards on this
part of the coast, and the vice-regfll
visitor wil huve a good opportunity to
size up the shipbuilding possibilities
of B. O. ••*
U. M. W. of A. Presidency Changes
John P. White has rofligncd ob prcsi*
dent of the United Mino Workers of
America. He will bb succeeded ub president of the nrganizntion by Frank J.
Hayes, vice-president of the union. Mr.
White left Sunday for Washington to
a&sdme his duties us adviser to Dr. H.
A. Gnrflold, nntionnl fuel administrator.
Promoter Blunt Cigars Unfair.
Facts and Figures Show a
Tremendous Rise in
General Prices
Office Clerk Tells of System
Under Which Men Are
Made to Grind
By the end of tlie week It Is expected that the board enquiring Into
the new wage scale demanded by
C. P. R. shedmon and office stall will
have all of the evidence before it,
The board comprises Mr. Justice Murphy, chairman, and Victor R. Mldgley for the men and W. E. Burns
for the company. The case from the
men's side, with the possible exception of some rebuttal, is all In, and
the company expects to complete
presentation of Its side by tonight.
Fourteen Years of Tragedy.
During Wednesday's hearing the
board had its eyes opened to the manner ln which a great corporation
grinds its employees. The statement
of W. B. Sly, an office clerk, who had
been ln the company's employ tor
fourteen years, delivered In an even
tone and convincing, was the very
essence of eloquence. On a salary of
$85 a month he had heen keeping a
wife and four children. This was
scarcely more than would reach from
one payday to another. For clothing
they had to depend upon what Sly
could make working after hours, and
he had to get a side-job at night to
earn enough to pay the $6 poll tax.
By working on the tax lists Just
prior to the tax sale In Point Orey,
he managed to save Mb home.
The Wage Slave's Incentive.
Wholesale prices of clothing, quoted
by Wm. Dick, have gone up in a
marked degree. Roughly, Mr. Dick
thought the Increase was 20 to 75
per cent. He quoted figures. Under
wear had jumped from $9 a dozen to
$20.50, and notice had just been received of another Increase the flrst
of next month. Some lines were going off the market.
Figures were presented by Mr. Sly,
obtained from grocers. Retail figures
of wearing apparel showed that underwear had Increased 100 per cent, or
more; shirts 75 per cent, to 100 per
cent.; dress goods 150 per cent., cotton 75 per cent.; boots 75 to 100 per
cent, more than the 1914 prices. Rolled oats have Increased 40 per cent.;
flour 71.4 per cent.; lard 75 per cent;
butter between 25 and 45 per cent;
beans 166 per cent'.; bacon about 60
per cent; sugar 100 per cent. The
Increase ln the price of sago and
tapioca has been 150 per cent, over
1914 prices.
Telia of Hit Own  Case.
Mr.  Sly presented a great  many
government reports tor the consideration of the board of arbitration commissioners, and then took the stand
for Men~
LOTS of Union men
have satisfied themselves that our overcoats offer extreme
value for the money.
Fabrics which are of splendid quality and rich appearance; styled in the latest
models, both conservative
and extreme, and excellently tailored and finished.
Under Our Right Selling
$15, $18, $20, $25 $27.50,
$30 $35, $40
Copyright n*rt SchtTfoer ft Mim
and told how he was drawing $85 a
month, had a wife and four children
to support, and had been employed by
the C. P. R. for over 14 years, 12 of
which were spent ln the Calgary offices and a little more than two years
in Vancouver. He aald it was humiliating to have to state his case in
public but it seemed necessary to get
an Increase. His expenies, food,
clothing, and other necessities, not
Including clothing, took $75 a month.
That left $10 for dressing himself, his
wife, and Ills tour children. He was
a revising cleric, in charge of a desk.
For the last two years neither he nor
his wife had been able to buy any
new clothing for themselves. Last
month his wife went up town with
the $10 and spent hair of it for a pair
of boots for one of the children. The
others have to wait for their turn
some other month.
Had it not been that he obtained
night work outside office hours he
would not have ben able to clothe
the children last winter, or to keep
his home from the tax sale this sum
mer.   He had even paid the poll tax
out of night work.
He pointed out the last increases
in the office. The freight cashier had
been raised from $105 in 1914 to $110
now. The assistant had received a
6 per cent increase. The revising
clerk had received a 5.2 per cent'increase. Other increases had been
about on par with these. It was Impossible to live with such slight increases when the cost of living had
jumped so far beyond the wage Increases.
A Co-operative Grocery Store
The Producers and Consumers' Cooperative Grocery store, 1140 Granville
street, is the name of a new venture
in Vancouver. E. C. Apploby is chairman nnd D. Downie, seeretary. A number of union men havo purchased
shares and tho mnnngoment hopes to
develop n paying proposition for those
interested. Aa the name suggests, the
basis of thc undertaking is one of a
division of the profits.
"PTTT?Q sPecial
" U JlVO Values
Buy Now—Avoid the Rush
San Francisco Fur Co.
500 Rubberized Tweed
In patterns you wont see elsewhere;
in fancy plaids and checks. This coat
is a double-purpose coat, being both a
raincoat and overcoat combined.
Prices $15 $20 $25
1000 Overcoats in all styles
Prices $12.50, $15, $20, $25
35^4749 Hwtinqs St Eait. ORIOIAL   rAPEB   VAHOOUVEB
NINTH YEAR.   No. 47
City, |2.O0  )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Mclnnes Holds Big Meeting
Flays the Misrule at Ottawa
Beports from Comox-Atlin indicate
that W. W. B. Mclnnes, the straight
Laurier Liberal candidate, will have a
sweep ever H. S, Clements, the Tory-
Unionist. The ex-judge held a meeting
the other night at Campbell river. It
was the biggeBt gathering evor seen in
the dlatrlct. lien came from as far as
fifteen mileB away. If they came that
far to hear Judge Mclnnes, they didn't
eome out of curiosity. They came to
hear what the speaker had to say about
the so-called "Union" government,
which iB made up of food.pirates, profiteers and high-toned allies of tho vultures who aro feeding off tho people'b
sacrifices for the war. TruBt MclnneB
to toll tho straight, unvnrniBhed and
bare facts about tho worst administration Canada has ever known.
The Melnnes meeting on Tuesday
night at the Labor Tomple waB an eye*
oponer to Borne of the government advocates. The judge didn't mince words
in hiB description of tho anti-working
class crowd, which has now nil of Cnn
ada by the throat, and wants te keep
the people down under its iron hoel.
Tho statements of the ex-judge bear
out in overy particular the position
labor haB taken toward the government
—that it is run by a orowd of millionaires, who are wilUng to go to any extreme, and sacrifice the whole eountry
in the interests of their millions. The
wnr troubles them not a bit—unless it
bo that it may end and thereby bring
to an end their profiteering.
It Ib improbable any governmont
supporter will dare to debate the isBuos
of tho campaign with Mclnnes. Hon.
Martin Burrell, secretary of Btate ln
tho now Borden-Plavelle-Kogers-Profit
governmont did not dnro to on the occasion of hie visit to thiB city. The
government forces havon't a leg to
stand on, and their champions know it.
All their flag-waving has been in
vain thus far. They have wrapped tho
old flag around them to hide their politicnl rottenness from the common poople. But they did not commence to
wrap themselves from populnr gnzo
soon onough. •**
[By Rev. Chnrlos Stelzlo]
Worry has been called "Americnni*
tis." But this is a Blander. No country is immune from .the disense. Neither
is any class of socioty. Rich and poor,
learned and ignorant, cnpitnlists and
Labor—nil aro subject to its ravagos.
Work rarely kills, bat worry, sooner or
Inter, brings down its victim. A mnn
can leaBt afford to worry when ho docs
worry, beeause just nt such u time ho
needs tho forco of every fneulty to
bring him to his normnl condition.
What is worry, anywayl It is just
a host of restless imps of fcnr, which,
taken singly, could be conquered with
hnrdly nn effort. It is their multiplicity, their persistency, that discourages.
How may worry be cured T
First, by realizing the utter useless*
ness of worry. A dozen eternities
spent in worry will not change tt single
fact. It is only by hard, faithful work
that such things are accomplished, nnd
no mnn cnn work well, with a clenr
head audi a steady hnnd, if he will persist in worrying.
Second, by taking a larger view of
life. Most of ub imagine that the world
is comprohonded within our own limited horizon. This is not quite true.
There are really some good people and
some good things beyond the lino of
our vision.
Third, by not "crossing bridgos"
until we come to them. As a matter
of fact, nine-tenths of our fears aro
never realized. "Sufficient unto tho
day is the evil thereof."
Fourth, not only by remembering
that tomorrow has not yet arrived, but
that yesterday is already passed.
Fifth, by constnntly recalling  that
[By Bev. Charles Stelzle]
He is a man of our flesh and our
blood. Most of us have idealized the
oidtor to such a degree that we imagine
him to be an ethereal creataro whose
living amongst us is a dispensation of
divine providenco, but for whose existence wo aro not at all responsible. And
as with all of God's gifts, we have
becomo so accustomed to their beneficence and their comfort, that wo rather
tako thom for granted Wo become
conscious of their existence only whon
they aro removed from us, or whon
there seems to be an occasion for raising a mighty howl.
Whon tho paper comes with regularity, when, our names appear in connection with current eventB, whon we
agree with the editorials, when thoro
is no demand for the subscription prico
—thon' all is well, But if the postman
misses out on a delivery, and if our
names aro mis-spelt, and if the editorials indicate somo original thinking
which shocks our conBcrvativo feelings,
and if the business end of the pnpor
"The capitalist class would starvo
to death without the working clnsB.
The working cluss would just begin to
livo without the capitalist claBS. Tho
main reason why tho working class suf-
fors is because the capitalist takes
away about four-fifths of the workers'
this is God's world. It has not gone
to the dovil. It may at times seem as
though it had, but the presence of so
many strong, good peoplo in it, and
the constant progress that we are making, disproves it.
The Intensive  Cultivation
of Socialism By
A Warning to the Aspiring
Autocrats of Canada
and Elsewhere
Never in the history of the world
did a revolutionary movement show
such vitality and determination as that
of Buasia, says the Western Oomrade.
It is confronted' with the all but irresistible German army; with the conservative, plutocratic rebellions of the
empire; and with the infinitely complex and perploxing problems of reconstruction. Tet the new government is
handling the situation with great skill
and profound wisdom. Political and industrial democracy are growing in an
orderly manner out of the tyranny and
chaos that gave them birth.
The vitality of this new movement
is due largely to the philosophy of socialism, so thoroughly and generally
understood by the Bussian people. This
movement was known as "underground
Russia." It grew in spite of eternal
vigilance of the universal secrot service spy system backed by a brutal
polico and an armed force of infantry
and cossacks.
Thoso humble but highly intelligent
is pressed home upon us,—then, "Oh,
cut it outl" comes the disgruntled verdict toward an institution which has
served us faithfully yoar after year,
and without which tho Labor movement could scarcely exist.
To the Labor editor wc owe a debt
of gratitude which a dollar or two a
year cannot possibly repay. Ho fights
our battles. He expresses tho aspirations of the toiler as the toiler himself
cannot express it. He is indeed tho
voice of the people who wander in tho
For all this, and much more, those
of us who believo in his job should
stand by him. Ho cannot always do it
single-handed. Sometimes' the pressure
becomes too great for mortal man to
endure. There's a limit to human
strength, no matter how full of purpose and power.
Therefore—when the editor does well,
tell him about it, and do it right away.
When he aBks for his day's wage because he has served you, pay it to him.
You'd boycott the fellow who treated
you as you do the editor in this respect. In a word—do to the editor as
though you were the editor.
people contrived to publish their books,
pamphlets, papen and leaflets, and to
circulate them by the millions throughout the empire. Occasionally an unfortunate, courageous enthusiast be*
came too bold, and, being detected, he
was transported to the mines or prisons
of Siberia and punished for life for the
crime of uplifting and educating his
fellowmen. It was theBe long years of
persistent and relentless effort to teach
the people their rights that prepared
the BusBian mind for the establishment
of the foremost democracy of the
It was in this same manner and
against similar obstacles that the German socialists overcame the brutal BIs-
marckian laws, and were, before the
war, moving irresistibly toward the
overthrow of the kaiser's government
and the establishment of a social democracy.
The downfall of the kaiser will vet
be brought about, not by the socialist
forces from without, but by the socialist forces from within. It will be done
with order, precision and! determination. Even greater discipline and more
profound wisdom will be shown in Germany than was shown in Bussia,
Whoever is acquainted with the German people and has observed the German mind must know that they will
not make a move until they first know
that thoy maintain perfect military
discipline and sustain a solid front to
their enemies when the kaiser goes
down. It is toward the fall of the
kaiser and the uplift of tho people that
the socialists of Germany have been
moving for the" last half century. Their
victory is as certain sb the morrow is
to come. The peaceful, educational
methoda of the socialist movement will
overcome and overthrow any government on earth that rests itB power on
oppression, sustained by brute force.
There ia a profound reason for this.
Every human being, like all other
forms of energy, seeks tho line of
least resistance. When ho is bearing
burdens of tyranny and plutocracy, he
is not moving in the line of least resistance. Every thought that tells him
how to cast off his burden and taiake
life more desirable is music to his ears
and food for his soul.
There is yet another reason. Every
cqnviction that leads to one's liberty
of hiB fellows begets a social passion
that is dearer than lifo, and for which
millions have been, and, if necessary,
will yet be crucified. But persecution
and crucifixion and all thc tortures of
hell will not cause them to deny their
convictions nor surrender their sooial
Yet thero is not and never has been
a man in all the world so rich but that
he would freely givo his last dollar to
save his lifel
The social passion, tho inborn desire
to give aid and. succor to humanity is
born and lives and moves in the vory
depths of human impulses, while the
getting of money is only a mutter of
superficial rational activity.
It is because of this fact that all
governments founded on property rights
constantly gather military power
around them,.buts. We. from .their inception domed to go down before the
tidal wave of more humane impulses,
struggling for the general uplift and
the welfare of tho race.
Voters Should Watch Out
for Crooked Work in
Find Enumerator in Your
District and Keep An
Eye on Him
"Watch your enumerator." That is
the advice the working class should
pay attention to. By the "enumerators" the government expects to steal
the election. For the most part those
selected as enumerators were expected
to .be dishonest men and party heelers.
But there were a lot of honest men
selected. However, honesty in politics
is not always the best policy, according
to the political education of many of
the enumerators.
So it is up to the electo™ to watch
them. They are all powerful under the
crooked War-Times Election act. It is
theirs to say who shall and who Bhall
not be on the voters' lists. AU old
voters' lists are worthless in this election. You may have been a voter for
forty years, and on every other liBt,
but you are not on the list to be used
on December 17 unless the enumerator
has placed you there.
And even if you havo boen placed
on, you may be taken off. While the
enumerators do not have to report to
anybody, thoy are reporting, just the
same, and tho names they have collected are receiving the scrutiny of prominent party heelers, and it will not be
surprising if many persons known to
bo againBt a governmont that has been
so crooked and infamous as tho Borden government, will dropped1 from the
The enumerators have boen instructed by the returning officers to "turn
in their lists." What is that for?
What, except to give the list a combing? Working people's names will be
scratched off wherever possible. That
was what the enumerator Bystem was
The enumerators are also supposed
to collect telephone numbers to be
used by the government party leaders
on election day In rounding voters they
think will voto right.
They are also instructed" "to get the
ages of the votors.   What is that for?
The whole game is intimidation of
the worst description, but this is one
Sir Wilfrid Laurier Makes
" ******      ******     ******     ******
Very Definite Declaration
One of the most important contributions towards winning the war is to put
a stop to profiteering on war supplies.
The government has deliberately encouraged profiteering for the benefit of
its partisan followers, A firBt duty of
my administration would be to secure
to the country which pays for war supplies, the excess of exorbitant profits
being ralized by profiteers. Should it
be necessary, I would not hesitate, in
order to immediately stop profiteering,
to take control of the factories which
are engaged in the supply of war materials, as has been done in Great Britain, and run them on the principle of
reasonable return on investment for the
owners, and reasonable legitimate profit. I believe that one of the best
methods of providing war supplies, and
of saving the country from boing exploited by profiteers would be to turn
the government shops which are suitable for such purposes to the production of war materials, ships, etc., for
the benefit of the country at cost price.
Greater agricultural production facilitated by government assistance and
aU disabilities immediately removed.
Remove the duties on agricultural implements and other essentials as demanded by western farmers and others.
Remove the 1V_ per cent, war tax imposed in 1915 as regaul« nil except enemy countries.
Remove the 5 per cent, war tax imposed in 1915 againat British goods.
Beduce the high eost of living by-
bringing under government control sll
food producing factories so that food
may be had at a government controlled
price, as has been done in Great Britain.
All government shops to manofaetnre
war material, ships, etc., etc.
Take control, if necessary, of alt establishments manufacturing wtr material in order to immediately stop profiteering.
Organize and carry ont a strong appeal for voluntary recruiting.
Conscription of wealth.
Conscription of men, only if the peo*
pie so decide..
Generous assistance on the part of
the state to replace returned soldiers in
comfortable positions in civil Ult.
Hore effective measures by tho stato
for maintenance, care and comfort of
the soldiers' dependents and families.
A strong and progressive immigration
policy, unhampered oy any disfranchisement act.
Canadian Northern Bailway legislation to be reopened and adjudicated
upon by the new parliament
Profiteering and partisanship >n the
purchase of all supplies to be stopped
and a system adopted of purchases direct from tho producer without the intermediary of middlemen.
If called upon to form a government,
it will be representative of the masses
of the people, the common people, 'and
to include representatives of afl.    ••*
Rev. Vance Shatters Old Idea
******   i ******     ******     ******
About Preachers and Money
A story is going tho rounds which
shows the high degreo of patriotism
in this election which stirs within the
breast of Bev. W. H, Vance, president
of tho "Win-the-War" league, which
has now expired. Kb was common
knowledge, Bev. Principal Vance wanted to be the "unionist" nominee in
time when tho high-class crooks of
Eastern Canada, and Western Canada
as well, are going to have their eyes
The enumerator who doea any cheating in tbe coming cloction will bo a
marked man. In most cases the enumerators will probably continue to livo
in Vancouver for a long timo. They
will not receive a vory glad welcome
from those they have cheated out of
their votes.
Bo, locate the enumerator in your
district, single him out and .keep your
eye on him. He may be an honest:
man but, just tho same, he is connected with a crooked system and needs
ono of the three Vancouver ridings, in
the 1-1-1 agreement whereby a Liberal-Unionist, Conservative-Unionist
and returned soldier were to be selected
and crammed down the throats of tho
Conservative electors of the ridings. It
was generally expected that, owing to
the. activities of Vance, he would succeed in getting himself selected as ono
of the Terrible Threo. He wasn't
among tho three after all.
But, it is Baid, he came very near it.
It was all a matter of dollars and cents.
It seems that tho salary attaching
to a position of member of the house
of commons is only a mere $2,800 •
year. Vance, it appears, is pulling
down a.larger annual pittance than
2,500. As the story goes, when thet
subject of Mr. Vance as a candidate
for nomination was broached to him,
he gave it very careful consideration
from many standpoints, monetary especially. If the difference might in
some manner be made np between what
he received as a preacher and what he
would get as a law-maker (if elected)—
Nobody could see it.
.  Vanco wasn't selected.
Candidate for Comox-Alberni and Vancouver Centre
Twenty-one years in public life as member of the
Dominion House, member of Provincial Legislature,
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education,
Governor of the Yukon, and Senior Judge of the
County of Vancouver.
Always a'consistent champion of true Democracy,
the rights of the people and a white British Columbia.
In this crisis an advocate of every sane and effective means to win the war, but opposed to autocracy
and all that smells of Prussian militarism in Canada
—an uncompromising opponent of profiteers, professional patriots and chocolate soldiers; believes in
paying the soldiers adequately, abolishing the patriotic fund and giving the soldiers' dependents a fixed
and sufficient amount to live on absolutely independent of any offensive charity fund; treating returned soldiers right in the way of suitable pensions and
terms, and cutting out politics, favoritism and snobbery from the army; insists upon conscription of
wealth before conscription of men, and is prepared
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to fight to the last ditch against the dragging of
more of our boys to the front until other parts of
Canada have done their duty. Views with alarm
the prospect of our industries closing if 5000 more
working men are forced away, and hates the alternative of the industries being kept going by Asiatics
■who will flourish while our own people perish. Urge
that Canada's best service to the Allies lies in the
direction of growing foodstuffs and building ships,
and believes that if the awful economic conditions
prevailing in Canada are put right, and the men in
the army and returned soldiers are treated right,
that Canada's response to the colors will continue
to be as enthusiastic as ever, without the need of
any medieval press gang methods.
Is pledged to adjust the fishermen's grievances,
and expose the workings of the fish monopolies.
Vote for a man who has always lived close to the
people, and in this their greatest fight, is standing
true to democracy and principle. Vote for Billy
i-.ir: PAGE TEN
FBIDAY .November 23, 1917
To the . . .
Electors of Comox-Alberni
WITH a .sinful profusion of words and a still moro sinful lack of patriotism.
Mr. Mclnnes, in his manifesto to you, explodes in this statement: "I do-
clare emphatically that at the present time in  Canada conscription  of
men is not necessary."
Thnt id his bold attitude towards thc Military .Service Act and the system
of selective draft embodied in it. It is not the attitude of any red-blooded candidate or prospective candidate iu any other constituency in this Province, a
Province as British in heart us it is in namo. It is, however, the attitude,of his
Quebec leader, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who, hoping to string not only the habitant
vote bat the whole anti-British vote of Canada, has in his manifesto declared:
"Aa to the present Military Service
Act my policy will be not to proceed
further under its provisions until thc
people have an opportunity to pronounce upon it by wny of referendum."
In the same manifesto, speaking of
the Germana and Austrians in Canada
who are denied thc vote under the
War Timea Election Act, he says:
"They thus are humiliated and
treated with contempt under the pretence, that boing born in enemy countries, in Germany and Austria, they
might bo biaaed in favor of their native country and against their adopted
There in a nutshell we have tho
whole attitudo of Sir Wilfrid Laurier
and Mb lone and lonoly follower in
British Columbia, Mr. W. W. B. Mclnnes.
To overy citizen who is unwilling to
fight for the flag that protects him,
howevor paltry his excuse or mean his
motive, theso two paper patriots are
both in effect saying: We will not
force you to fight against your will.
To every pro-Gorman resident of Canada these two breeders of disloyalty
nro both in offect saying: Wo would
put into your hands the ballot as a
weapon with which to smite down reinforcements to our fighting men in
Flanders. To our men in tho trenches,
men who, realizing tho ri8k they were
taking and realizing, too, thoir duty
to take that risk, have chosen without
waiting for compulsion, tho paths of
honor and of service—to these mon,
these two generals in this battle of the
ballots are both in offect saying: We
know that sinco last Christmas your
comrades in arms have been hit at the
rate of 6012 per month and we. at
home have been sending you fresh
lighting men at the rate only of 2076
per month, but at thc same time we
MB. H. S. CLEMENTS, Unionist know that by leaving that destructive
Candidate for Comox-Alberni ratio of three to one as it is, by pro
mising not to force those who. ought
to go to ytfur relief, reBt and roinforcemont, we may perchanco clamber
on their shoulders into political place and power. To the widows, mothers,
sisters, wives and dear onea of that** glorious galaxy of warriors who have
finished their fight,1 Mr. Mclnnes and Mb leader are adding immeasurably to thoir
weight of grief in an unworthy endeavor by base appeal to the selfish and un-
patriotio instincts of men to get a majority of the electorate to declare in offect
thnt the cauBe for which our valorous doad have paid the supreme sacrifice is a
causo not worth compelling men to fight for.
That cause, the cause of freedom and humanity, should be dearer to us than
life itsolf and as dear as honor and freedom are to a liberty-loving poople. Thnt
cauBo of right can never be defeated by tho power of German might upon the
battlefield. It may, however, be endangered and our national honor may be
stained by giving powor in Canudn^to tho forces of cupidity, cownrdicc and disloyalty.
Tho facts aro simple. In reserve wc have in England 36,580 available and
fit infantry (not 100,000 as Mr. Mclnnes statea). In Canada wo havo 7858. In
other words, we have not enough available and fit infantry to bring our four
divisions at the front up to full strength without committing the military blunder
of leaving our army without sufficient reserve. As I have already pointed out,
the casualties to our infantry since the 1st of January Inst have averaged 6012
per mouth; to all arms of the service the casualties have averaged 11,421 per
month. To make up this wastage the figures I have already quoted in regard to
voluntary enlistment clearly indicate that we cannot look to that source. The
registrations under thc Military Service Act us clearly indicate the same thing.
These totalled 332,301 up to and .including the 10th inst. Ot these only 21,566
are willing to serve without compulsion. In Quebec alone thore wero up to that
time 31,882 registrations of unmarried mon between the ages of 20 and 34, Of
these only 164 were willing to serve without compulsion. In other words, only
one out of every li)4 of theso unmarried French-Canadians and only ono out of
every 14 unmarried Canadians in other Provinces, is willing to serve without
compulsion. And it is to be remembered that of the few that arc willing and
physically fit to serve there is but a small percentage willing to fight without
From these facts, authentic and up-to-date in every particular, what is tho
irresistible inference? Is it not that voluntary enlistment has failed and we
must do either tho ono or the other of two things. Either we must proceed with
the first draft exempting all those essential to industry, all those essential to
their dependents, all thoae in ahort entitled to exemption under the Act, and
compel the rest who nre physically fit to fight. Either thnt or else we must tarnish our national honor, deface our colors, haul down our flag and compel our
bravo boys at the front to quit the flght.
To you, tho electors of Comox-Alberni, whom I hnvo known so intimately
and served so long, let me say this. You are not quitters. The handful of warworn mon at the front that are still lighting for you and your children you will
not desert. You know-that they are in soro need of reinforcements you know
that tho Military Service Act is the only measure before you that wtll give them
what they need; you will not fail them. To fail thom now, in this hour of life-
and-doath struggle, before the eyea of the world and in the face of the common
foe, would be a betrayal aB much worse than open rebellion, as a life of honor
is bettor than one of disgrace. It would bc a betrayal without parallel, except
ono, in the annals of tho humnn race. You arc not Judas lscnriots. On the
contrary, you will stand by tho boya in tho trenches and stay with the fight until
victory is won and permanent peace assured.
Canada strotches her huge length from Ihe Atlantic to the Vuciflc nnd, like
hor giant Mother to the South, is in thiB war, although not of her own choico,
to a triumphant finish. Canada's one-determined purpose and effort is ta mobolize all her men and monoy power and all her resources to that end. In ordor
to got the strength to effect this purpose and make this effort « now Union Government, representing all elements' of the population, hns been formed.
With reference to mobilizing our money power and oar resources it is the
policy of this new Government to go far beyond thc War Profits Act and the
Income Ta* Act of tho late Conservative Government and to proceed upon the
principle that ho citizen of Canada has a right to make money out of this war,
that every dollar of excess profits" over tho ordinary, yea,'' and overy dollar of
excess wage over the ordinary paid or recoivod by reaaon of thia war, should go
into tho coffcra of the State and not into thc pockets of private profiteers. With
tbat principle I agree.
I also agree with the policy of a radical change in thc soldiers' pay and
pensions. A citizen soldier crowds a lifetime and its risks into a few days or a
few hours' fighting and should receive a ' lifetime's pny and pension for that
hazard. And tho amount of his pny and pension, nlong with hia earnings after
tho war, should together make him not worse off, but, because of the risks he
has taken for the Stnte, hotter off than he would have beon if he had remained
in civil life. For this policy and thc policy of the new Union Government now
being developed for thc cure and vocational training of tho returned soldier and
his settlement in suitable occupation, I ask with confidence for your support.
Allow me to say in conclusion thnt it ia particularly gratifying to mc thnt
those of you who havo known me longest and best have been foremost ia this
campaign in their expressions of coiilidence and goodwill and thnt the great
majority of you have been ao frank iu your appreciation of thc success thnt hua
attended my efforts as your representative, in the teeth often of opposition from
Government experts, to get the Government lo adopt and carry out in my constituency tho comprehensive policy of developing its resources and industries
nnd attracting capital into it by improved communication through the extension of its telegraph, telephone, wireless ami mail service and by improved
transportation through the construction of wharves, lighthouses, fog alarms and
othor devices for the safety of shipping. How gratifying your appreciation of
nil my efforts is to me you will bettor understand when I tell you thnt thoae
efforts gained for mo at Ottawa thc unenviable distinction amongst my
fellow-members of getting moro than my ahare for my own oonatituency. You
will appreciate, ub my fellow-members in tho House of Commons could not, that,
when I became your representative in 11)11, the developing hand of thc Government had scarcely boen socn in your diatrict, that in fact 1 was u pioneer in getting Dominion moneys expended in your diatrict for its improvement, juat ns
you nre pioneers in tho expenditure of your own labor and money hi developing
tho same resources. So far already has that policy been curried out that almost
the wholo Northorn country has been linked up by telegraph and telephone, with
tbe results thnt distances between its sparse and widely-scattered settlements
have boen largely annihilated and its Hcttlomonts have been brought into direct
and quick communication with the outside world; thnt cnpittil has been attracted
to it for investment in ita industries) and Hint nid to the injured nnd suffering
has boen brought within easier reach. So far nlso has that policy been carried
out that in mnny of your sheltered bays and natural harbors where settlements
have begun to spring up, wharves nnd landings have been built, and nt many of
the danger points along the ocean highways danger signals and uafoty devices
havo beon established, with the ovor-lncroaslng results that transportation hns
Improved, ports of call are being Increased, new industries nro springing up,
.centres of distribution aro being established and the investment of capital and
thc employment,of lubor are being stimulated.
Your kind words fur this policy of mine, ns yet in its infancy, it is h tut
that I Bhould appreciate. They encourage mo in my legitimate ambition to bond
every energy ns your representative in the future to mnking Comox-Alberni the
bannoi^constituency of Canada in rapid und Substantial development.
From this 14th day of November until tlio Inst vote is polled on the 17th of
Decembor next, devotion'by you to the sacred cause of winning tho war and the
worthy aim of developing your own district will do more thnn anything else
■withifi your power to bring deserved prosperity to you at home and an lionornble
ponco to US til abroad. Yours faithfully,
Lofty Sentiments Expressed
By Deaf, Dumb and
Blind Girl
Sane Words in Sea of World
Bigotry, Blood Madness
and Intolerance
Helen Keller, born deaf nnd dumb
and blind, and who was able to overcome all tho disabilities of her birth,
wrote a letter to Morris Hillquit, candidate for mayor of New York in the
recent campaign, which is reproduced
herewith and explains itself:
25 Seminole Avo., Forost Hills, Long
Island, N. Y., Nov, 4, 11)17.
Dear Mr. Hillquit: I havo refrained
from writing or giving utterance to tho
flcrce protest in my heart against tho
war madness that is sweeping away tho
reason and common sense -of our people
becauae I believed that President Wilson would defend our liberties, and
Btny with his strong hand the forces
that are invading them. I have waited
and waited for somo word from the
White House, I have prayed and hoped
against hope that today, tomorrow or
noxt day the nowspapors would contain a rebuke that would bring the nation back to sanity and tolerance. I
have read and read President Wilson's
own lofty utterance about freedom, justice and the rights of tho poople
against the rights of governmentB. I
thdught that he must realizo that
the "Trading with tho Enemy act"
does not differ essentially from the
drastic measure which the federalists
of 1708 rushed through congress. In
the quiet of hia study he wrote that
the "Sedition act" was perilously near
the root or freedom of speech and of
the press. He saw clearly that there
was no telling whero such power would
stop. Who can toll where the powor
given by the "Trading with tho Enomy
act" will stop—an act that makes the
postmaster-general absoluto dictator
over tho press, an act that renders it
impossible for any publication criticizing tho government to circulate
through tho mails, or bc sent by express or freight, or sold on newsstands?
Now yoa know, and the voters of
Now York know, when thoy aro in
their right minds, that it is neither
treasonable or seditious to criticize any
Btututo or law. Nor is it .treasonable
to agitate for the repeal of uny act.
We are within our constitutional rights
as citizens to agitato for thc abolition
of conscription. Why should we give
up the bost things wc have, freedom
of speech, of the press and freedom of
assemblage and establish kaiscrism in
this country while we send our armies
to destroy it in Europe? I am not discussing the war, its causes, its origin,
its righteousness or unrighteousness, or
whether thc Christian spirit is eternally opposed to it or not.
I am not opposed to war for sentimental reasons. The blood of fighting
ancestors flows in my veins. I would
gladly see our young men go forth to
battle if I thought it wus a battle for
true freedom. I would gladly participate in a wnr that would readily make
the world safe for democracy, By mak
ing the world safe for democracy I do
not mean simply to put down autocracy in Germany; I mean to make the
whole world so safe for domocracy
thut the right of every man, woman
and littlo child to life, liborty and thc
pursuit of happiness would) be guaranteed forever,
I do not know if your election would
bring about a speedy peace. But I do
know that it would encourage us to
look forward to a people's peace without conquests or indemnities. I know
that a large voto cast for you would
bo a strong protest againat the Prussian militarism that is taking possession of our government. It would bo
an unequivocal denial that New York
city stands for tho kind of democracy
that prevails horo just now, a democracy whore freedom of assemblage is
deniod the people, a democracy where
armed officials behave^like thugs, forcibly dispersing meetings, burning literature and clubbing tho people; n
democracy where workingmen are arrested and imprisoned for exorcising
their right to Btrike, a democracy where
tho miners of Bisbee were torn from
their homes, huddled in freight cars
like cattlo, flung upon a desert without
food or water and loft to die; a democracy where negroes may be massacred and their property burned, as
was done in East St. Louis; a democracy whero lynching and child labor
aro tolerated, a democracy whero a
minister who followa thc feet of thc
Messenger of Peace beautiful upon the
earth was flogged almost to death, and
the only comment of thc press upon
thia outrage was a series of facetious
remarks, and a half-concealed approval
of the "hot-honded Kontuckiana whose
earnestness and patriotism curried
them a little too far."
If I hud the right to voto, I would
vote for you, Mr. Hillquit, because a
voto for you would be a blow at tho militarism that is one of thc chief bulwarks
of capitalism, and the day that militarism is undermined capitalism will
fall. Sincerely yourB, Helen Keller.—
Soattlc Daily Call.
A Song for the Trenches
\V« toft the farm nnd factory,
The   rnilnui.l   nnil   Hu*   mino;
Wo heard Uhl Mother Ennland'a call
Prom far across tlio brine,
And wo hurried tO tho rescue
And to the K»ry fray.
And wo helped to navo the Kmpire—-
•   At   »   dollar-tun  n  day.
We're tho fluent lot of horoe*
'I'luii ever lined a gun.
Thoy alng "Ond Save Our Splendid Mon"
Who fare  the  cruel  Hun.
They prallo iih nnd thoy toast us,
Anil fitr UI they WOOli «rn!  pray,
Hut, when It comos to paying—
It'w n doHiir-toii ii dny.
Wo left our wIvm ami kiddles
To our eountry h tender enro.
Wo thought  the govern went   whs JuM;
Wo tlionirht it would ho fnir.
Hut while they  live on charity
And do the beat they may,
For Canada Wo hired and die—
At a dollar-ten a day.
Ond prosper nil her profiteers,
While cont ot living snarn,
And foreigner* have filled our Jobs
While wo protect her shoron.
Kor w« nro heroes every ono
And proudly we ean any,
We aavod the fat of the Bacon trust—
For a dollar-ten i day,
Every Sack of
-is made in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen in Vanoouver mills.
The Wheat from which Royal Standard
Flour is made, comes from the^great Canadian
Prairies. -r
With only ordinary baking ability the housewife can turn out those great, big, wholesome
loaves—those fluffy Buns—those luscious Biscuits, that only High-grade Flour like ROYAL
STANDARD can produce.
Look    for    tills
Tie Circle  "V"
—on eyey Back,
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
^,Tho J?,wIt. and **** worth of
this publication la shown by tbe
fact that Bince it was issued on
November, 1916, orders for thon-
sandB oi copieB have been received from all parts of the world
and additional orders aro coining
ln by evory mall.
1L,In^a ^"-cut and concise style
this booklet goes thoroughly into
tbe question of the economic position of capitalist society and the
position of the working classes ln
relation to lt.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and tho worker are dealt with in
a manner which solves in plain
and forceful logic many points on
which tbe worker of today is often
' 'at sea'' when meeting arguments.
—tha noted writer on wage workeri'
problems who has given tbe last word on
tbls subject ln "The Genesis and Evolu*
Packages of 100 copies or
more, 6 cents per copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or In any number up to 100 copies, 10 cants
eaoh (postpaid).
tion of Slavery."
Many labor organizations are now Bonding "repeat" orders for quantities of
this booklet, thoir flrst orders having been readily dispose*, of by sale or dls*
tribution. These advices state tbat the booklet is eagerly sought and read with
keen interest by their members.
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
The Proceed* of this Loan will be need ior War purpoeee only, and will be spent wholly in Canada
The Minister oi Finance offers (or Public Suburiptioi
Canada's Victory Loan
Issue of
$150,000,000. SV_% Gold Bonds
Hearing interest from December 1st, 1-917, and offered in three maturities, the choice of which is optional with the
/ subscriber, as follows:
5 year Bonds due December 1st, 1922 ,
10 year Bonds due December 1st, 1927
20 year Bonds due December 1st, 1937
This Loan is authorized under Act of the Parliament cf Canada, and both principal and interest are a charge upon the
Consolidated Revenue Fund.
/ The amount of this issue is $150,000,000, exclusive of the amount (if any) paid for by the surrender of bonds of previous
issues. Thc Minister of Finance, however, reserves the right to allot the whole or any part of the amount subscribed iu excess
of $150,000,000.
Principal and Interest payable in Gold
Denominations; $50, $100, $500 and $1,000
Subscriptions must be in sums of $50 or multiples thereof.
Principal payable without charge at the Office of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General at Ottawa, t^r at the
Office of the Assistant Receiver General at Halifax, St. John, Charlottetown, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary and
1 Interest payable, without charge, half-yearly, June 1st and December 1st, at any branch in Canada of any Chartered Bank.
Bearer or Registered Bonds
Bonds may be registered as to principal or as to principal and interest.
icrip certificates, non-negotiable, o^payablc to bearer, in accordance with the choice of the applicant for registered or
bearer bonds, will be issued after allotment in exchange for provisional receipts. When these scrip certificates have been paid
In full, and payment endorsed thereon by the bank receiving the money, they may be exchanged for bonds, when prepared, with
coupons attached, payable to bearer, or registered as to principal, or for fully registered bonds when prepared, without coupons,
in accordance with the application.
Delivery of interim certificates and of definitive bonds will be made through the Chartered Banks.
Hearer bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations of $50., $100., $500., and $1,000. and may be registered as
to principal only. Fully registered bonds, the interest on which is paid direct to the owner by Government cheque, will be issued
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Subject to the payment of 25 cents for each new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without coupons, will have
the right to convert into bonds of the denomination of $1,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds with coupons wilt have the right
to convert into fully registered bonds of authorized denominations without coupons, at any time, on application to the Minister
of Finance.
Surrender of Bonds
Holders of Dominion of Canada Debenture Stock, due October 1st, 1919, and of bonds of the three preceding Dominion
of Canada War Loan Issues, have the privilege fcf surrendering their bonds in part payment for subscriptions to bonds of this issue,
under the following conditions:—
Debenture Stock, due October     1st, 1919, at Par and Accrued Interest.
War Loan Bonds, due December 1st, 1925, at 97 H aud Accrued Interest.
(The above will bc accepted in part payment for ponds of any of the three maturities of this Issue.)
War Loan Bonds, due October 1st, 1931, at 97J^ and Accrued Interest.
War Loan Bonds, due March   1st, 1937, at 96    and Accrued Interest.
(These will be accepted in part payment for bonds of the 1937 maturity ONLY of this Isstie.)
Bonds of thc various maturities of-this issue will, in the event of future issues of like maturity, or longer, made by the
Government, other than issucB made abroad, be accepted at par and accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash for the purpose
of subscription to such issues.
Issue Price Par
Free from taies—Including any Income tax—Impoaed In pursuance of legislation enacted by the Parliament
of Canada.
Payment to be made as follows:
10% on December 1st, 1917 20% on March 1st, 1018
10% on January   2nd, 1918 20% on April   1st, 1913
20% on February  1st, 1918 20% on May    1st, 1918
A full half year's interest will be paid on 1st June, 1018  .
The Bonds therefore Jive a net lntereat yield to the Investor of about!
5.01% on the 30 year Bonds
5.68% on the 10 year Bonds
5.81% on the   5 year Bonds
Ail payments are to be made to a Chartered Bank for the credit of thc Minister of Finance. Failure to pay any instalment when due will render previous payments liable to forfeiture, and tlie allotment to cancellation. Subscriptions accompanied
by a deposit of 10% of the amount subscribed, must be forwarded through the medium of a Chartered Bank. Any branch In
Canada of any Chartered Bank will forward subscriptions and issue provisional receipts.
!n case of partial allotments the surplus deposit will be applied toward payment of the amount due on the January
Subscriptions may be paid in full on January 2nd, 1918, or on any instalment due date thereafter undar discount at the
rate of hlA% per annum.   Under this provision payments of the balance of subscriptions may be made as follows:
If paid on January 2nd, 1918, at the rate of 89.10795 per $100.
If paid on February 1st, 1918, at the rate of 79.4(1959 per tlOO.
If paid on March 1st, 1918, at the rate of 59.72274 per $100.
If paid on April 1st, 1918, at the rate of 39.90959 per 8100.
Forms of application may be obtained from any branch in Canada of any Chartered Bank, or from any Victory Loan
Committee, or member thereof.
The books of thc Loan will bc kept at the Department of Finance, Ottawa.
Application will be made in due course for the listing of this issue on thc Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchanges.
Subscription Lists will close on or before December 1st, 1917.
Department oh Finance,
Ottawa, November 12th, 1917. »
Lend to yonr Country
All Canada is yonr Security
" The man, be he rich or poor, Is little to be envied, who at this supreme moment falls to bring forward
his savings for the security of his country." FRIDAY..... November 23, 1917
To the Electors of
Vancouver Centre
In the trenches of France and Flanders
Liberals or Conservatives are today fighting shoulder to shoulder for a common
Canada and a common Empire.
No party wall divides the wounded in the
hospitals nor do those who minister to their
wounds ask to what party the injured soldier belongs.
At the front there is no question of party.
The one thought in the minds of every man
is Canada.
THE Unionist candidates ask you to forget party at the
coining elections—just as the boys at the front are
doing—and to return a Government not founded upon the
principles of party, but upon the idea of "Win the War."
Their platform is based on the idea of supporting the boys
at the front "up to the hilt" and that at once—without
any delay—before it is too lato, ■
Be a Loyal Canadian
Be a Unionist
Vancouver South
Federal Elections
' :'-::' y¥XX^X
?*   ^8|^H
■   *■, :.; %,x
WiSXXi^ii xxxx
/■:;*■■ M*!-;:'
• "'_____{
m\\w.  <  J:
Hi     _f*
Unionist Oovernment Candidate for Vancouver South
He rose from the-ranks
and fought for his
Let him fight for you
Were Not Hustling Out of
Patriotism As People
"King" Kelly Appeared in a
Role That Was Not
"King" Kolly, of War Danco fnmo,
something which tho peoplo of Vancouvor hope novor will bo repeated, appeared in tho role of a "thief" on Saturday night, and thoae who saw him
wore not in the least surprised to see
him handcuffed and led back into the
Hudson's Bay store. The wholo thing
wub a hoax, howover, and not unlike
many of the "attractions" furnished
by the War Danco lust year when the
genoral public was bunk«d thoroughly
and well.
It seems that Kelly was not really
arrested. Tho Victory Loan committee wanted to put on something real
sonsational and devilish, so they plan-
nod a big shoplifting stunt, and, in
looking about for somebody who would
look natural, what more astonishing
than that "King" Kelly ahould volunteer for tho job and, most naturally,
bo accepted us a man who could play
tho role well and with great realism.
So Kolly entered the Hudson's Bay,
grabbed something, and dashed away.
Those who saw him in his wild career
up Hastings street woro not in the
least surprised. In fall cry behind him
were some of the percentage chasors
of the Victory Loan committee, and
not a few bystander who joined in.
In the character of "thief," Kelly
did a short sprint into the arms of a
local flat-foot, was cuffed up and taken
back to the Hudson's Bay.
It waa rather cheap stuff all through.
Like the "carnival spirit," it waB a
cheap show and without proving of the
slightest benefit to tho Victor Loan, It
is doubtful if the percentage hustlers
made a nickel thereby.
It will be interesting, when the final
count is made, to soo how many of the
Victory Loan canvassors themselves
bought bonds. They worked vory hard
in the interests of Victory but thoy
wore not, as a large proportion of the
public thought, doing it out of "patriotism." They wero doing it for hard
cash. The percentage thoy received
was one-half of one per cent, and some
of the more favored of the percentage-
chasers mado more monoy than they
have cleaned up in a long while.
Very littlo that boars the tag of
"patriotism" in Vancouver gots away
without paying tribute to somebody.
This wus the case of thc Victory Loan.
Whilo there were some communities
which refused to accept any percentage*, notably the canvassers of Point
Orey, it is a'safe bet that they wero
very few, and tho hustlers for the
Victory Loan throughout Canada denned up the nice littlo sum of $750,000
—about $25,000 of which is tho amount
tho porcentage-chasers in this city
cleaned up.
Tho mortality of babes in the poverty-stricken districts of Chicago is 35
por cent.j the mortality of an infantry
regiment on tho battle-lino iu France
is 15 per cent. *It is more than twice
as dangerdus to be a poor man's baby
as it is to bc a soldier in the trenches.
Secretaries   and   Their   Addresses
A. S. U. B. Carpenters, Local 2651—J. Ley,
P.O.  Box  770.
Blacksmiths—L.    Hlckotts,    1374   Old   Esquimau road,
U.   B.   Car|i(!iiii>rs,   Locnl   1848—T>% Service,
l'srk View drive,  Saunich.
Barbers—Geo.    Woods,     1307    Government
Bartenders—Oca. Jacques,  P.O. Box  1126.
Brewery Workors—K. P. Hall,  North Park
Bookbinders—M.    Sturgeon,       ill    Eberts
Bricklayers—A. Rcaich, 2399 Florence streot.
Boiler  Makers—A.    Stewart,     638    Fraser
street,  Esquimau.
Cooks and Waiters—\V.  Hatcher,  P.O.  Box
Railway Carmen—C.  E.  Polling,  316 Jessie
Plumbers—J.  Fox,  K.  P.  hall,  North Park
Printing Pressmen—W.  Neill,    2928 Blackwood avenue.
Shipwrights ond Caulkers—W. J. McDonald,
640 Hillside avonue.
Shipyard     Helpers—W.   Hall,     8167   Rose
Sheet Metal Workors—Geo. Kraohllng, 1082
Richmond avenue.
Stcom  Enginoers—H.   Huby,       K.   P.   hall,
North Park  street.
Street Railwaymen—K.  A.  C.  Dewar,   1237
Johnson street.
Structural Iron  Workers—W.  Pollard,  P.O.
Box 236.
Sailors'     Union—W.,  Hastings,    Decosmos
block. t
Stage   Employees—H.   Marsh,     K.   P.   hall,
North   Pork street.
Tailors' Union—E. C. Christopher, P.O. Box
Typographical  Union—J.  Fornori,  P.O. Box
Munition  Workers—Mrs.   E.   Sutton,    2646
Douglas street.
Ask for Libor  Tempi*  'Phone  Exchange,
Seymour   7406   (unless   otherwise   lUted)
Boilermakers—J. H. Cannichael, Room 212,
Labor Templo.
Bridge  and  Structural Iron Workora—Roy
MiiBBi'cor, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Walter
Thomu, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carponters, No. 2647—F, L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Eleotrleal Workors—E. H. Morrison,   Boom
207,    Phone Sey. 8510.
Cooks   and   Waiters—W.   McKenzle,    Boom
209,  Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue.    Office phone, Sey.
4704;   residence, High. 713R.
Longshoremen's      Abbo elation—Gordon      J.
Kelly, 804 Pender street west; phone Sey.
I,  L. A, Auxiliary—E.  Winch,    486  Howe
Btreet.    Phono  Sey.  6359.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212,
Moving  Picture  Operators—S,   Halg,   Room
Musicians—E, A. Jamieson, Room  305.
Painters—HrGrand, Room 803.
Pattern Makers—H.  T.  Nightscales,    Room
212, Labor Temple.
Pile   Drivers   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room  206%,  Labor Temple.
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,   Room  206%,  Labor
Tomplo.    Phono Hey.  8611.
Sailors—W.  S.  Burns,   218  Hastings  streot
west.    Phono Sey. 8703.
^Shipbuilders'   LnborerB—W.   Hardy,     Room
217,  Labor Templo.
Shipwrights     and     Caulkers—J.   Bromfield,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stag..  Employees—IT.   Pearson,   Room   804.
Hiram    and   Operating     Engineers—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Stroet Railway Employees—Fred. A, Hoover,
corner  Main   and  Prior  streets.    Phone
exchange Sey. 5000; residence, Fair. 641B.
Teamsters—J. F. Poo),  Room 206%.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Room 200.
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, Jas. H. MoVety; vlco-
prcsldont , J. Hubble; general secretary,
Victor B. Midgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
sergeant-at-armB, Geo. Harrison; trustees,
J. H. McVety, G. J. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A, J. Crawford.
Meets second Monday *n the month. President,   Geo. Bartley;   secretary,  R..H.  Neelands, P.O. Box 66.  _______
first Sunday of eaeh month, Labor Temple.
President, John Hartii; inanelal aeeretary,
J. Smith. 610 Holden Bldg., Box 434, Phone
Sey. 2572; recording aeeretary, Wm, MotUshaw, P.O. Box 434, Vancouver, B. 0.
tlonal Union of America, Local No. ISO-
Meets second and- fourth Tussdaya ia tk*
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. H. Grant, 1671
Alberni street. -
Meets second and foarth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 807, President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
68; financial eecretary, W. J. Pipes.
No. 617—Meets every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple,
President, R. W. Hatley; finanoial aeoretary,
G. Thom; recording aeeretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Lahor Temple. Phone Sey. 7405.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; secretary, A, E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1738 Fourth
avenue west.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No.- 104—Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Second street; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe stroll; business
agent, J. H. Oarmlchael, Boom! 212, Labor
Temple. *
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D. Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; seoretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Boom 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7405.
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., tt
487 Gore avenue.   Russell Kearley, business
—Meets In Boom 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording
seoretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Boom 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGBHOBEMEN'B Association, Local 8852—Office and nail, 804
Pender street cast. Meets every Thursday,
8 p.m. Seoretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I.   L.   A.,    LOOAL  88-52,    AUXILIARY—
(Marine    Warehousemen     and    Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 486 Howe straet.
Meeta  first »«d  third Wednesday,  8  p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President,
Wm. SmaU; recording seoretary, J, Brooks;
finanoial secretary. J. H, McVety, Boom 811
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.	
TTPOOBAPHICAL    UNION,      NO.    226—
MeeU lut  Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m..    Presldsnt,  W.   8.   Armstrong;   vice-
Kesldent, B. fl. MarshaU; aeetetorytreosurer,
H. Neelands, P.O. Box 06.
A M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of eaeh
month, Room 204, Lahor Temple. President,
J. B, Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;'
flnanclal and corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 845,
America (Vanconver and vicinity)—
Branch meets aecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple, President, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Grant etreet; flnanolal lte*
retary, J. Lyons, 1648 Venables atreet;
recording seoretary, E. Westmoreland, 8347
Point Grey road.   Phone Bayview 3970L.
No, 188—Meets second and fourth Thursdays of eaoh month, Room 808, Labor
Temple. President, H, Pink; vice-president,^
D. Hughes; flnanolal secretary, G. H. Was-*
ton; reeordlng seoretary, D. Lemon, Room
808, Labor Temple.	
Moots ln Labor Temple every flrst and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; seoretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Xtrtwt
street.    Phone Sey. BB46B.	
—MeetB seeond and foarth Fridays of uoh
month, 8 p.m., Labor Temple. President, 0.
Booms; recording seoretary; W. Hardy, 446
Twenty-third street west, North Vanoouver;
flnanclal secretary, B. Phelps.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, second and foarth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. 8. Cleveland; recording soontary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street.
Phone High. 168B; finanoial sserstary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce oorner Prior and Main streets.
America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday in eaoh month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Linen; recording aeoretary, w. W. Hoeken,
Box 508; financial aeoretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508.
feurs' Union, Local No. 665—Hosts every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. Prosidont, J. H.
MoVoty; business agent, J. P. Pools, 416
Twenty-first avenue eaat, Phona Fair. 7I6R;
finanoial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Bobaon strset Phons Sey. 9670. Offloe, Room
206 H. Labor Templo.
pOAL mining rights of tha Dominion, In
** Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, ths
Yukon Territory, tha North-West Territories
and In a portion of tho Province of British
Columbia, may ba lsssed for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further tenn
of 21 yeara at an annual rental of 81 an
aero. Not mora than 8,660 aores will bo
leued to ono applicant.
Application tor a loose mast be made by
the applicant tn person to the Agent or Bub-
Agent of tbo district in ~" '   '
pUsA for are situated.
i whloh the rights ap-
In surveyed territory the land mast be dee*
orlbed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and ln ansarveyed territory ths
tract applied for shall be staked oat by the
applicant himself.
Eaoh application mast be accompanied by1
a fee of 85 whieh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at tho rats
of flvo eents por ton.
The person operating tbe mine shsll far*
ntsh tbs Agent with sworn returns accounting
tor the full quantity of merchantable eoal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
eoal mining rights are not being operated,
sueh returns should be tarnished at least
onee a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rlghu only, rescinded by Chap. 37 of 45
Oeorge V. assented to 12th Jane, 1914.
For full Information application should bo
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bob*
Agent of Dominion Landa.
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.—885T5.
In inuusl convention In -funny.   Exui-
Un oBcers, 1B17-18: Pposld.nl, J. Nnlw,
" la—Vu-
 - _.  -     . _. Millar,
Ubor Tempi.,     Vletorl.:  J. Tiylor,  Bo*
Box 415, Cumberllnd: rlci-prutdonU—Vi
eourer*  Ju. H.  MeV.tr, ▼• R*   	
1315. Vueowtr Iilud: W. Hod, Bowth
Wellington. Prlnee Rnpert: W, E. Thomp*
■on, Box 684. New W.sUnlnst.r: W. YtM,
BOO London stnet. Kootenijr District: A.
Goodwin, Box SO, Trill. Crow. Melt V**
ley: W. B. Phillips, 170 McPherson nun.
SeenUrr-truinnr: A. 8. Willi, Bra 1511,
Vletorl!, B. 0.
VICTORIA, B. 0.  »
Council--MeeU fail ud third Wedou-*
dis*s, Libor Hill, 1484 QoT.ram.nt Itrut,
■t 8 p.m. Preeldent. E. Ohrletopher, Bos
881: Tln-pruld.nl, Ohriitlu Blr.ru, 1878
Danmin .tre.t; aeereUnr, B. Simmons, Bo#
808, Vlctorit, B. 0.
Br.w.ry Workmen, Loot! No. S80— MmU
It K. of P. hill, NortftPirk strut, Ol
th. second ud fourth Thursdirs of *ieh
month.   President, E. Orr; seereUrr.W.
E. Brrin, 9141 Scott stnet, Vlctorli, B. 0.
ww _______a_at_ a. o.
'of Amirlei, Load 784, Nnr WeitnlniUr.
M..U second Sundiy of eieh month at 1:80
p.m.   Sicntirj, F. W. Jimeion, Box 480.
PintPl BPPBBT. B. 0.
Connell—MuU second ud fonrth Tiu*
din of iich month, In drp.nt.ri' hill.
Pnsldent, 8. D. Hlcdonlld; seentirjr. W. E.
Thompson, Box 878, Prlnee Rnpert, B. 0.
jogTg wiumnoi, V. L
LOOAL UNION, NO. 878. U. M. W. of A.—
MuU leeond ud fourth Sandirl of mh
month, it 8:10 p.m., Rlebirdi Bill. Pruldent, Wilier Heidi Tleepnoldent, Andmr
P.rk.r; recording eecreUrr, Junes Bitemui
tnueUI uenlinr, W. MtedoniM; truur-
•r, J. H. Rlehirdson.
Jolion, Loul No. 885—MuU la Mlion'
Hill, <t«t Wedn.id.j, 7:80 p.m. Prul-
d.nl, ———>i ueroUrr* Jimu OnUa.
Boi 8„ Trail, B. 0.
AU Canada
Is Your Security
THE essential feature of any
investment is the security
offered, that is, the ability of the
borrower to repay the principal
and to pay the interest promptly
as it falls due.
The security behind Canada's
Victory Loan consists of all the
resources, developed and undeveloped and all the assets of all
the people of Canada, supporting
Canada's promise to pay.
Can you imagine any security
more rock-ribbed in its soundness than the signed pledge of *
the Dominion of Canada, backed
by all its boundless resources?
There is no security so secure;
for in it are embraced all other
securities. Every farm, every
forest, mine, factory, bank,
business, every conceivable kind
of wealth that exists within the
borders of this great Dominion-
all this is the security behind
Canada's Victory Bonds.
Canada's Victory Bonds are
the promise by the Dominion
of Canada to pay a specified sum
of principal money at a given date,
and to pay promptly the Interest
every six months.
Canada's Victory Bonds are
always as good, and at most
times better, than cash. For this
reason: if, for example, you put
$100 in a safe, at the end of
fourteen years you would still
have your $100, but only that, and
nothing more. But if you put a
$100 Canada Victory Bond in the
safe, and then put the interest on
the Bond in the Savings Bank,
each six months, and let this
interest accumulate, you will have
at the end of fourteen years at
least $200.
And Canada's Victory Bonds
are readily convertible into cash.
You can sell them at any time.
Any bank will lend you money
upon their security.
Also their ownership is proof
that you have responded to the
call to Save, so that you might
Serve in this the vital day of your
country's need—that you have
been willing to dedicate your
savings to the noblest purpose to
which money was ever applied—
the winning of Victory and the
preservation of Freedom.
Buy Victory Bonds
luued by Canada's Victory Loan Committee
in co-operation with thc Minister ol Finance
ol the Dominion ol Canada. PAGE TWELVE
Should be in the home ot
every man-
—Phone Faiimont 2621—
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone iu day oi night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404-5-6        Union Station
For aale hy
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800        1629 Main Streot
When speaking Into a telephone the
beit remits are obtained with the
lipi very close to the transmitter—
Just 10 that they do not touch it.
' Removing the lips from the Irani-
miner has the same effect aa lengthening the line In nae as followa t
One Inch lengtheni the line 67
Two Inches lengthen! the line 138
Three Inches lengthens the line 170
Four inches lengthens the line 218
Tlw Juris Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Blchtfdi Stntt
For Sale
London, Canada
D.J. Elmer
Bales Manager for
BrltlBh Colombia
and Yukon.
3118 Alborta St.
B. 0.
Every Union Man Who Visit*
the Lahor Templo
Should patronUe the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
Pocket Billiard
(Brunswlok*!)alke Cullender Co.)
—Headquartera (or Union Men—
Union-mid.    Tobaccos,    Olfirs    and
Only Whit. Hilp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
^SSh, Of America  JQ*r
aamn ma wwrnim u»
...November 21, 191!
Pledge Hearty Support to
I. A. Austin, the Labor
Appoint Strong Committee
for Each Mine in
the District
SILVERTON, B. 0., Nov. 17.—Tho
first gun in the federal campaign waa
flred here last night when a mass-meet*
ing was held to form a Labor association to support I. A. Austin in the coming campaign. The mooting waa one
of the longest, if not tbo longest, political meeting ever held in this locality,
over 200 people being present who enthusiastically pledged themselves to
support the candidate.
The officers elected were: President,
Homy Dimick; vice-president, John
MathowBon; secretary- treasurer, Andy
Caveu; exocutive committee, John Cal*
lagan, Hugh Sancortat, Ed. Counchey,
Thomas James.
CoraraitteoB, consisting of from two
to four men, were appointed for each
mine in the district, and arrangements
were successfully mado to finance the
camaign, over $300 being donated on
the spot,
A resolution of confidence in Candidate Austin, guaranteeing him unanimous support, was passed, after which
the president-elect addressed the audience. He said that, in his opinion, the
opportunity was never bettor to elect
a Labor candidate than the present, as
the electorate wns entirely dissatisfied
with the huge grafts and scandals that
were boing perpetrated at Ottawa by
both parties. The so-called "union"
government instead of a win-the-war
governmont wns nothing but a bunch
of disgruntled grits, "who wanted to
soe Rowell in Laurier's shoes," and a
fow faithful conservatives who thought
their fortunes wero better under Borden than under the Hon. Bob Rogers'
faction, whom, he asserted, would have
been in control of things political at
Ottawa if Clifford Sifton had not come
to Borden's rescue. "Ho scored the government in the nickel question, the
Ross rifle deal, the munitions scandals
and the horse trading. Tho food controllers received special attention. He
emphasized the fact that Hanna. the
representative of the Standard Oil and
Flavelle of 60-cent bacon fame, were
two of Borden's appointments. He was
in favor of conscription of the wealth
of the country as this, in hiB estimation, would hasten the end of the war,
as it would remove tho lucrative profits
that the manufacturers and others are
now making. The disfranchisement act,
he said, was one of the worst outrages
ever perpetrated on a civilized race, the
only purpose of the act being to win
the eleotlon.
Speeches were also given by tho vice-
president and the socretary.
Has Bought Out The Cluff Shoe Co.
Of 649 Hastings Street, Vancouver and Will Begin a
Big Clearing Sale!
When petdlng onions bold a fork between
the teeth tnd tbe ejes will not become affected.
A little flavoring fi a tremendous improvement to a junket, and coffee makea a dell-
clone flavoring.
Al) icrapi af cold iak whether freih or
■ailed, eheald be eaved and made iato ria-
■•lei, aiied with maihel potato.
Swaps af fat meat ahoald never ae thrown
17. Thar eheald ba meltea eawa and than
olarlled.   Tha dripping obtained from tham
Ta give pastry a browa, ihliy flalah, beat
1 egg into abeut a Uaa
nntil both aro well mliad
teaapoonfal of water
Ixed; bruih oata the
into the oven,
Aak for thla Label when purchasing Bear,
Ala or Porter, aa a guarantee that lt la Union
Made. TM la oor Ubel
paitrr before patting     .._..  	
If hard fruit ia Juit covered witb cold
water, brought qulckr to tke boil, and tbe
water then drained off and the cooking
started afreih, very little eager will be needed.
To clean the pipe of the scullery alnk add
a teaspoon* ful of powdered ammonia to two
tableipooneful of eoda and pour over it a
gallon of boiling water. Thli will dissolve
any grease in tbe sink.
When darning stockings, thread your
needle also with a good, flne, strong thread
tho same length as the wool, and then darn
in the usual way. Stocking turned this way
will last double the time.
Dirt can be soaked out, so that If clothes
are put In soak overnight tbe washing is
half done before the actual labor of wasbing
Is commenced. Hot water fixes dirt and
stains; lukewarm water ts the beat solvent
of dirt. Flannels and colored garments
must never be soaked overnight; soaking
shrinks flannels and causes coturs to run or
Before wearing now stockings wash them
in soapy water. If this ts ckmg the stockings will wear much better.
To keep salt from becoming damp and
lumpy when fllling tlio milt-cHars add several grains of rice. These will ubsorb the
moisture and the Edit will keep dry and fine.
Unless tin things aro put m a warm place
to dry after washing, thoy are Bure to ruBt
at the seams.    The julco will not run out.
Scrubblng-bruftlies should always be hung
up whon not in use, Then tho water will
drain from theni, tho gluo which holds tbe
bristles in place will havo a chanco to dry
and the bristles themselves will keep nice
and stiff. A brush which Ib loft sopping wet
for days is soon done for. If a brush baa
not a pleo of string attached to It, It Ib
quito easy to bore a bole in ono end.
'It la a good Idea when cooking a chicken
or game In the oven to roast It in tho usual
way until it Ib nicely browned, then turn
tho bock upwards and leavo It until dono.
In this way tho gravy wilt run into tho
breast nnd innkc It soft nd dollclouily tonder.
C This sale is inaugurated to get
some quick ready money to help
pay for this stock and to make room
for another new stock now on the
C. A ten days' careful inventory
has disclosed an immense clean
assortment of Men's, Women's
Boys', Girls' and Children's Shoes
absolutely up-to-date in every respect.
C Every shoe in the store is included in the sale, and there is not a
shoddy one in the whole stock.
C Read the following partial list of,
cut prices—they tell the story of this
sale in words
of simple truth:
leathers.  Sizes from iy_ to 4 only.
Values up to $6.00, to clear at •
and gunmetal leathers.  Sizes 2% to
4.  Values to $7.00, for	
BOOTS—Welted sole, Cuban heel.   Sizes 2% to
4. ' Values to $8.00, to clear
kid and gunmetal. Sizes 2J4 to 4. d» _ At*
Values to $9.00, to clear at JJ)«5 ,**0
LADIES' DRESS PUMPS in black, brown and
grey kid leathers.  $6.00 values,
to clear at 	
aid gunmetal leathers, also tan calf leather.   All
sizes up to 7.  Regular $9.00
values, to clear at 	
SPORT BOOTS—Regular $8.00,
to clear at    	
LADIES' NOVELTY BOOTS—In fancy leathers.
$10.00 values, to clear
values, to clear at 	
BOOTS-Regular $12.00 values, to
clear at 	
—With medium low heels—all leath- *o L_(\
ers. Values up to $6.00, to clear at .. «P«5•*/U
GROWING GIRLS' CALF LACE BOOTS—Medium low heel.  All sizes,
$4.00 values, to clear at	
soles, solid rubber heel. d»/j  or?
Value $9.00, for  <pO.*uO
—Leather lined, waterproof sole.
$10.00, for 	
MEN'S DRESS BOOTS—Made of to A Qf|
vici kid leather.  $8.00 for  «P*T.«/U
sole.   Regular $9*00
BOOTS—Regular $7.00 values for.
Unlined, waterproof sole.  Sizes 11
to 5. $4.00 values, to clear at.
"The  Home  of Good Shoes"
649 Hastings Street West
Successor, to Cluff Shoe Co.
Opposite the     '
Bank of Commerce
: -
: >
: i
: >
1   .
: -
: •
1 ,
■ .
; .
■ .
: -
» »
"This workingman,   ho  has  got a punch—
ond  ii  big punch—after all,"
Said Mister l'att,  bb bo gneped for breath,
loaning against a wait.
"I darned near had him  'oat' at last, but
tho fact comes homo to me
That,   though  ho  was  tottering round  tbe
ring, I was noar as weak aa he I
"A time thore was—yoa, a time there waB,
and not so long ago—
When the wallop I learnt ln the olden daya
would quickly  lay bim   low,
Ho knew but littlo of science then, and his
strength was wator-weak;
Indeed, I scarcely bad to flght—'twas enough
for me to speak.
"Bnt he has grown a ulant new, and he's
learnt tho boxer's tricks;
Against   tlio   science   that   ho   controls,   my
bluff •stakes  go  for  nix,
Ho's got a wallop ln either hand—and can't
hu duck and  dodge I
lie's   gone,   nnd   skipping   about   tlio   ring,
whon I my blow would lodge I
"He  Incks  tho  gift of  endurance  yot;  bis
stomach's tlio dicky part.
But thero is little wrong, I guess, with his
head, and hands, and heart.
And I know hli weakness, and there I aim
the punches that moat win
For yet awhile; but I see revenge in hia
quiet, sullen grin.
"And he's
growing   bigger-
faet (while T "
....,„_     yes,  that'* »
     I am on tha wanel);
He's growing a heftltr port of fist, and »
craftier fighting brain.
And when his stomach-weakness  flees   (and
I guess he'll aeo to thatl)
It'll be a case of 'Labor knocks Its old foe,
Mister FaU.' "
—R. J, Cassldy, ln "Australian Worker."
[By Thomas  Worth—Apologies  to Kipling]
A fool there was, and ho had no job,
Evon as you and I.
And he lacked the nerve ta steal and rob,
Evon aB you and I.
And so oah day (as ho thinner grew)
Ho tightened his belt  (a hne or two)
Till tho darned thing cut him 'most in two,
Even as you and I.
Ho hunted for work day after day,
Even as you and I,
Sometimes ho'd curse,  and sometimes pray,
Evon aa you and I.
His shoes wore out, and with bleeding feet,
Ho searched for a chanco to work and oat,
But wherever he turned, ho mot defeat,
Even as you and I.
His last dimo went for a can of boer,
Even as you and I.
And his soul was filled with black despair,
Even as you and I.
For ho knew nt Inst tbat his quest was vain,
And tlio knowledge gave him a nagging pain,
Bnt—Ha voted tbe aame o» way again,
Even  aa you and I.   (I)
The feci was a "patriot"—so he thought,
Even aa yoa and I,
Whose dad In the Civil war bad fought,
Even as you and i.
Thoy fed him up with "Tbe grand old flag,"
And be marched and whooped—for a bit of
And afterwards—held the empty bag,
Even as you and I.
He loved his wife and ho loved his "home,"
Evon as yon and t.
But ho had a solid ivory "dome,"
Even  as you and I.   (t)
And ho nover know that his voto would fall
Liko a blow on tbo heads of his loved ones
Or enter IiIb family life nt all,
Even as you and,I.
Oh, the blunders wo mako and tho blows wo
And tho mess we make of life I
Oh, tho joys wo kill and the graves we fill,
And the soulless, eonsolosa strife 1
We whirl along In a devil's dance,
And throw onr lives to tbo godB of chanco,
Because we haven't the common sense,
To vote for the kids and wifo.
But It isn't his votes that makes ub sore,
(Though It gets our goats—and kcops ns
And we don't admlro the brand,)
For tbe truth must bo told—and there's a
It'a a fact that   tho    fool was a "Henry
And never could understand!
—Y. fi. Magazine.
To Whom It May Concern
The lying agencies of class rule ave busily engaged in
spreading the report that all those who have neglected to comply with the registration requirements of the Military Service
Aet, aro disqualified and cannot vote at tho forthcoming Dominion election. For thc benefit of thoso who may have inad-
vcrtinenlly perhaps, neglected to register under thc Military
Service Act, The Federationist desires to state, that such neglect docs not disqualify but CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENCE AGAINST THE ACT does. The following olause in
the War-Time, Elections Act covers the point:
Part III, Sec. 67. (i) Every person who has been CONVICTED of any offence against the AOT RESPECTING •
MILITARY SERVICE, passed in the year 1917.
Jt may bc readily seen from this that disqualification does
not result from neglect to comply with any of the provisions
of tho Act respecting military service, but results from conviction for an "offence against the Act," whieh is quite a different thing. The Fedorationist cannot well imagine the purpose
lying behind the apparently deliberate falsehood that is being
so assiduously circulated by the kept agencies of oapitalism,
whose professed mission in lifo is to disseminate the truth.
Let no negligent person bo swindled out of his right to vote,
by any German-like attempts at scarcmongoring or "Prussian
frightfulness" yarns.
Let every voter lay for the procious "enumerator" in his
district and see that he is put upon thc list. Let no searchcad
talcs of disqualification swerve him from his purpose.
Labor's Fighting Campaign Fund
C. A. CEY8IUI.E, Manager for B. O.
Phono Sey. 0770 for appointment and wo will arrange game for yottf
Out out tho above; fill la your name and address and ths amouat you an willing
to contribute to the campaign luid ot tha B. O. Federation •( Lahor, aid forward
with onolosore to lha B, 0. Federation^, Labor Tmpla, Veauwror, B. 0. Tha
amounts will be acknowledged (rom wash to week and forwarded oa ths B. O. t, al L.
treasurer to be used la securing the eleetion ol Federatloi candidates oi Dao. 17th
to the lederal house .1 commons,   Thare la no time to lost.   Da it today,
John Robertson 	
F, W. Bishop, Bishops Landing.     1,00
91.00 Earl Sheldon, Headquarters, B, 0,
" "   Jttottl


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