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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 28, 1917

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITT:  STRENGTH
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB CO   UNOIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOB
NINTH YEAR.   No. 52
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 28, 1917
Canada's Manhood to Be
Swit to Fight While
Aliens Do Work
Widows,   Mothers,   Wives
and Sisters Also to Be
Coined Into Profit
[Br Rebecca Macintosh]
THB SHOW has begun. Canada
is in for it and in for it to
the queen's taste. Dominion-wide
prohibition, to be effective for a
year after peaee is declared, is the
first of the new programme. This
will be followed, in all likelihood,
by an excess wages tax, to be
levied against uninternedi aliens
of enemy origin, in order to reduce their earnings to the level
of $1.10, per alien, per day—the
wage of a private soldier in the
C. E. P.
The prohibition decree is specified as
a war moaauro. To this extent lt Is
definite as eould be desired; but. what
induced Dr. Borden and his galaxy of
quacks, to prescribe the dreadful dose
is not so clear. There doesn't seem to
be much money in it any way one looks
at it. Viewed from a valid height it
is the most uninteresting proposition
imaginable. No reputable politician
would caro to monkey with such a colorless fiat, least of all a politician of
the Borden brand. A miracle has happened, or some vandal hand has been
tickling, with a feather, the canc-bot-
tomed intellects of thc premier and his
pirate crew,
The ation enemy earnings tax, however, is a horse of another color. Likewise, it iB familiar and of a nature akin
to its progenitors in reBpect of its very
cheapness. Should this idea, of which
Mowburn is pregnant, emerge after
due gestation into the dignity of a perfect order-in-council, then will the gen
tloman not bave travailed in vain. To
conceive and bring forth something
with a nickel or two, for the boys, in
it would indeed be 'a feat.
A colorless policy waB to be expected
ef a governmont controlled by so colorless a patriarch as Borden. And the
end is a long wny off. These nre only
the beginning of whnt ia going td be n
reign of bungloments and hare-brained
shennnnigans. The conduct of this Dominion since 1914 hns been in thc hands
of mountebanks. We, the people, havo
decided to keep it so. We paid our
money. We took our choice. Later,
there will be regrets and probably remorse.
We made up our minds to have nothing to do whatever with constructive
stntcBmanBhip. So wo voted. Expectant ones will not bo long kept in suspense. The toga virilis iB to be converted into a dishcloth by our so-called
servants and wo are going to say we
like it. The alien onomy within tho
gate and f reo-born Briton alike, are in
for a period of Bolf-pity that will do
them good. Tho laboring clnsses, for
once in their misspent lives, nre going
to wonder why and for what thoy are
being kicked in the fnco. For it is
coming to them. Out of their suffrages
they contrived something tnat will
mako them hit tho high-spots. There
will he nocd of funk-holes a plenty—
and soon.
ANOTHER LIVE BUSINESS
AGENT FOR VANCOUVER
B.C.
OF
UBOR TO MEET
Official "CaU" Being Mailed
to   Local   Uniom
This Week
DUNCAN McCALLUM
Who has resigned as general organiser In
Canada for the Internntionnl Association
of Machinists, after having served six
yenrs in that capacity to the satisfaction
of the membership, to accept the position
of business ngent for the Machinists of
Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster,
with headquarters at Rooms 212-14, Labor
Temple, effective J«n. 1st. Business Agont
McCallum hns beon on the Pacific Const
for tlie pnst yenr, having come hero from
Winnipeg. Under his guidance tho Machinists' membership has grown from a
nominal membership to over 000 .at present. His inuny friends here will wish
him the success he deserves in his new
position.
TO
And not becnuse they failed to elect
Laurier; not because thoy put Bordon
where he is, invested with more power
of mischief thnn iB a womnn with an
axe; but simply becnuse they neglected to provido themselves with representation nt Ottnwa drawn from their
own ranks. Thoirs wns fhe powor ana
the glory had they seen fit to exorcise
It. They didn't: Now there's hell to
pay.
The alien enomy subjects nt large
amongst us today, and earning tho same
wages for the same work ns do tho
subjects of Britain nnd her nlliOB,
should be Interned forthwith. Th-eir
money and proporty 'should bo tnken
from them, to bo held in trust until the
terms of peine nre ngreed upon and
become of effect.
They Bhould he classified, numbered
and tngged according to their individual capnclties, and put to work for
tho bonefit of the pooplo whoBo tolerance thoy enjoy, and to which thoy
contribute nothing by boing uncanny
Illusions to the somnolent eyes of the
polico, and objects to rapo with impunity, by our poltroon politicians, for
the nickel or two that is in it.
Fuel is scarce! Lot the government
remedy this shortage by organizing
some of these aliens into regimonta of
wood-cutters. Our poor would bonefit
thereby. Then, there is a small matter,
included in the transportation, handling and distribution of this fuel, the
expenso of which might suffer further
abatement, by utilizing theso raBcnlB
who, now, so willingly, and like maggots, Ind asylum nnd nourishment in
our tortured flesh. Our poor, ngnin,
wight have renson  to rejoico.
Again, there is another smnll matter
included in the clearing, breaking nnd
cultivation of old nnd new, and bndly-
needed acreage, to produco the grnins
and other foodstuffs, we must hnve, it
fnmino is to bo avoided.
Thoro is plenty to do. Let the nlien
enomy do here ns onr own nationals
ffip being compelled to do, nnd undor
conditions fnr Iohh tolerable thnn those
that obtniu in Cnnndn, in thoso countries whero they were unfortunnto
enough to bo caught with their pants
down!
Tho justice of this is aB plain as a
new gumboil on a uaby.   these critters
Capital City Central Body
Adds Its Protest to
Growing List
VICTORIA, Dee.. 20.—The Capital
Oity Trades and Labor Council has
gone ou record against the Patriotic
Fund and all other organizations soliciting financinl support for war purposes, It will recommend to all its
membera that they refuse to contribute
on the ground thnt all such funds
should be provided out of tbe consolidated revenue of the country.
MACHINISTS STRIKE
AT CAPITAL CITY
Hutchison Bros. Refuses to Live Up to
Their Signed Agreement
VICTORIA, Dec. 20.—All Machinists
employed at the plant of Hutchison
Bros, have quit work und it is expected all metal trades in this plant will
be involved before the end of the week.
Last Saturday the company discharged
the shop committee in u body and the
rest of the machinists quit work. Hutchison Bros, are engaged in tho manufacture of winches for the Imperial
Munitions Board.
are our enemies at heart. Were Britain today being beaten to hor knoeB;
were the citizens of Canndn, in consequence, unable to put the fear of the
devil in those snme aliens, does anyone
doubt what, would follow? Echo Bays
politicians, And of a truth. The alien
onemy is nt liberty to compete—often
through a padrone—with the men oi
the race which he would glndly, and
tho Lord willing, murder and destroy.
Tho money thoy earn, for all one knowB,
is sent out of the country on hell's
own errands. Canadian soldiers sent
home from their turn iu the trendies
find on their return thnt only tho riflo
nnd bayonet are missing from the present incumbent of his former place in
the industries, lti ght hero in Vancouver those who desire may, within a
stroll of ten minutes' duration, behold
tho nlien enemy working for top wnges,
und potential mother^ or Britons or
Canadians, "that never, nevor shall be
slaves," picketing the city'B premier
hash-foundry as unfnir to Labor, By
nil means let our women, mothers of
heroes to be, devoted their ill-nourished
bodios to the work of ronewing thc
young manhood of Canaan, spent in
mnking this u safe country for nlien
enemies—nnd friendly shylocks. The
nlien mny bo bled for a nickel or two.
Therein lies the relish, tho whieh to
give ticklo to tho gullets of the Borden vaudeville troop of sticky-fingers.
There aro othor pro pello cutoms, but
these will do, Tho skinning is now
about to commence, and there shall be
many called—nnd Bkinned,
Let us bo British! Let our mothers,
sisters nnd wives gird themselves for
more and ever-greater Bacrificos; Let
our youngest and strongest go forth,
nt the bidding of the numbskulls at
Ottawn, to tho bloody fields of France
nnd compel, by force of nrms, tho Gor-
mnns und tho Austrians, to jnr loose
from their Btrnngle-hold on the pence
of tho world. Thnt is tho howl from
Lloyd C4corge to Billy Sunday.
By tho snmo logic, let us npply the
snmo processes of ratiocination to tho
solution of tho problem—if problem it
bc—of the enemy aliens who, now, are
receiving, in advance, and freo of
chargo, tho very Becurlty, for which
all this nncrifice of treasure an« precious
blood, is boing exacted of us by their
respective governments, as prerequisite
to our attainment, not of its enjoyment,
but for the mere privilege of daring
to anticipate a day when theBe cxac-
tions ahall cease.
Promises to Be the Biggest
Convention in History
of B. C. Labor
The eighth annual eonvention of the
B. C, Federation of Labor will convene
in Vancouver on Monday, Jen, 28. The
official "call" will be mailed to affiliated unionB by Secretary-treasurer A,
S. Wells during the next few days. The
Federationiat strongly recommends
that the aeeretary of each union
in B. 0. read the "call" in full to the
membership and urges the membership
to make a supreme effort to see that
every union possible is represented at
the convention. There ane so many
reasons for tbis appeal that it seems
unnecessary to go into details. Let
every trade union official read tho
"call" and govern themselves accordingly.
CALL FOB  CONVENTION
Tu nil organised Lahor in British Columbia:
Pursuant with thc Constitution, a call is
hereby issued for the Eighth Annual Convention of the British Columbia Federation of
Labor, to convene at 10 a.m. on Monday,
January 28th, 1918, in the Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
Representation
Each organization affiliated with the Federation shall bo eutitilcd to one delegate for
the flrst hundred members or leas, and one
delegate for each additional hundred members   or  major   fine tton   thereof.
Control labor bodies, district boards,
building tradeB councils, allied councils and
.similar bodies shall be entitled to two dele*
gates each. Delegates from central bodies
must be Members of unions affiliated with
the Federation,
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall receive their credentials
from their local unions in duplicate and
send one copy to the secretary of the Federation at least two weeks previous to the
date of the convention and deliver the other
to  tbe  committee oil  credentials.
Ho credentials shall be considered valid
bearing more than name of delegate and alternative; providod that If alternate presents -credentials and ts seated he shall be
the only recognised representative throughout the sessions of the convention.
' Tho executive board will meet prior to
tho date ot convention for the purpose of
preparing reports, appointing committees,
etc.
You nhonld, therefore, elect yonr delegates at once, as affiliated organisations who
leave the selection of delegates to the last
moment have very little chance uf representation  on the committees.
Bnuuu
Any union or central budy that has not
been previously afflliated may tiecoine affiliated by paying six months' dues for the
term they make application.
The revenue of the Federation shall be
derived as follows: A per capita tax of two
cents por member per month from all local
unions. From central labor bodies, district
boards, building trades councils, allied
trades councils, and similar bodies, one dollar per month. All moneys shall be payable In advance to the secretary of the Federation In two half-yearly Instalments, due
and payable In January and July of each
year.
If your organization Is not yet affiliated,
you may become affiliated and entitled to
representation at the convention by paying
tbe per capita tax for the January, to June,
1918, term, at the rate of two cents per
member per month.
A list of the hotels and lodging houses,
will be published later, and a copy forwarded to each delegate, as soon as duplicate
credentials are received by the secretary*
treasurer.
All dolegates should purchase round-trip
tickets, no other arrangements having been
made fur cheap rates.
Conclusion
Early in tho year, the executive, as instructed, took a referendum as to whether
tho Federation should enter the politics!
field. Later, under stress of circumstances
and acting on tho instructions of a rpecial
convention hold In Vancouver on Labor Day,
candidates were placed tn the field to contest the federal elect lonn. The result of
that activity on the political field Js now
well-known to you, and should prove tbo
necessity of organisation along political
lines. The methods to be adopted In the
future must be decided upon by tho rank
and Ale of the movement, and this question
will be one that will, from very necessity,
be dealt with at this eonvention.
The legislative needs of tbe workers must
bo dealt with at this convention, and the
only way that thoy can bo dealt with Intelligently Ib in the annual moctlngs of thc
Federation. The legislative programme
adopted ut the last convention is still In
tho realm of things to be accomplished by
organised labor, and comprises necessary leg'
islatlou to protect tho lives of workers in
nil walks of life, including bituminous and
metalliferous mining, the electrical, longshore and many otber Industries of a hazardous nature,
The universal eight-hour day, tbe question
uf women in industry, the fortnightly payday, and indentured Chinese labor, are all
questions that will bo dealt with.
Last, but nut least, will be the danger
uf Industrial conscription. Tbo people have
given a mandate tu tho government to carry
out the Military Service Act, 1017, and In
thut lies a danger to our Industrial unions
that cannot be overlooked. Ou you rests
the responsibility as to the future of tbo
organization of the workers, and all that it
may mean. Thu future is fraught with
grave danger to the wurking-class movement.
The "uftorthe-war" problems of the workers ure nut empty imaginings, but real problems thut muy meun that tbe clock of progress will be put back, with Industrinl depression predlctod, on the cesastlon of the
manufacture of munitions of war, the financial world ln chaos, and Buffering on every
hand—as an aftermath of the world war*
The futuro Is Indeed filled with problem)
that require tho very best thought and consideration of tho workers now, and not when
it Is too late, should theae problems bo
faced; now should we prepare and lay our
plans for the futuro and Its problems. And
this convention will bo the opportunity of
the organised workers to face the conditions
wblch are bound to arise. Tho responsibility
of tho workers is great. Shall we face it
nnd grapplo with the probloms, or shall we
drift I Tbis is thu question that must bc
answered when this call Is read to your local. If the situation In to be faced, then
you will send your delegates to this convention.
Loeal unions not affiliated with the B. C.
Federation of Labor are Invited to affiliate
and to sond thoir delegates to this convention. The question of flnanclal obligations
assumed by affiliating with tha Federation at
this time should not he considered—for, on
tho one hand, we are faced wltb conditions
that may devolop Into industrial alavery.
And tho like of whioh we, as yet, have not
experienced. The lives of Industrial organisations are In danger. Tbe welfare of workers Is at stake; and the financial obligation
is a small matter when the stake Is so great
With hope that Labor will rise to the nc-
casion, and that the eonvention will be truly
representative of the workers, and that they
will prepare plans that will result In the
furtherance of the movement, I remain
Fraternally yours
A. fl. WELLS,
Secretary-treasurer.
P. 0. Box 1588, Vlctorlo, B. C.
DIRECTORS OF THE
LABOR TEMPLE CO.
TO MEET MONDAY
A meeting of the directors of
Vanoouver Lnbor Temple Co.,
Ltd., will be held at the Labor
Temple on Monday evening, Dec.
31, for the purpose of receiving
the finanoial atatement and fixing
a date for a meeting of the shareholders. The meeting ia important in that there is a move on
foot to make an effort to raise
enough money among local unloni
to releaie the Labor Temple from
the hands of a receiver. Every
director ihould be preient.
AI TRAIL
TO
Being Out of Funds Were
Constrained to Throw
Up Their Hands
Destinies of Popular Local
for Coming Year Are in
Competent Hands
Referendum of Eight-Hour
Day in Verdict in
Favor
Membera of tho Street Railwaymen
are preponderantly in favor of nn eight-
hour dny commencing with the next
agreement with tho eompany, according
to the referendum voto taken on thiB
question which waa enrried by about
400 majority, The vote on thia ques'
tion wns made public nt tbe meeting
of thc locnl lust night, nt which time
alao the result fo the gcenrnl election
was announced* nnd tho new officers installed. For thc ensuing yenr, the following officers will handle tho affairs
of the local;
President, W. H. Cottrell; vice-president, Prank Haigh; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting; .treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; auditors, Citifies Hacking,
Qeorge Hamson, E. J. Sheppnrd; tradea
council delegates, R. Clark, W. H. Cottrell, F. A. Hoover, Joseph Hubblo, E.
G. Kermode, A. V. Lofting, J. Price.
Executive for carmen—day mon, Frank
Haigh; night men, J. Curd well; extra
men, J. Price; North Vancouver, R. 3»T.
Viney.
Tho following officera wore elected by
acclamation: Second vice-president, P.
Logee; flnnncial secretary and business
agont, F. A, Hoover; flrst warden, Wm.
Wright; Becond warden, J. Yoemans;
first conductor, J. Hendry; second conductor, Joseph Smith.
The judge of the elections was Wm.
McSnvuney and the tellers were J.
Hendry and J. E. Griffith in Vnncouvor
and E. M. Viney in North Vancouver.
VANCOUVER TYPOS.
TO MEET ON SUNDAY
Last Meeting of Tear 1917 WW Convene at Labor Temple at 2 p.m.
Vancouver Typogrnphicnl Union will
hold its regular monthly meeting on
Sunday, Dec. 30, 2 p.m., which should
bo well attended and interesting, as
Bcvornl important matters are to bc
dealth with,
Goo. Wood, now of Victoria, spent
the holidays in Vancouver, and was a
caller at the secretary's office. W.
Ozard returned to tho Capital City
aftor spending about throe months in
the jurisdiction of No. 220.
NEW DEPUTY MINISTER
OF LABOR AT VICTORIA
Return to Work Under the
Same   Old   Conditions
They Struck Against
[By A, Goodwin]
TRAIL, B. C, Dec. 24.—The men
have roturned to work under the old1
conditions that they worked under prior
to the strike call, At a mass-meeting
of the various unions on the 20th, tbe
strike committee related the circumstances and conditions of the strike
situation, pointing out that it would
be folly to continue the strike any
farther as the obstacles were increasing that the men had to fignt against,
nnd without funds to keep it up, that
to do bo would bc very indiscreet, entailing unnecessary hardship for the
mon involved in the strike.
The management of the smelter
stated that thc men wouid all bc tnken
back aB soon as permissible, for it will
tnko some time to get things back into
working shape with the furnaces all
frozen up, hnving to be dug out before
they can be operated again. Thoro is
a number of mon that will not be taken
back by tho nppearance of things, mon
who had the. conviction to fight for the
cause of the eight-hour day, and who!
at the time of writing have got it from
good nuthority thnt they are hot wanted any more at the smelter.
Thoae thnt are taken back have to
sign a pledge to be of good behavior
for the duration of the wnr (Why not
for life?) ns tho company statos that
it has nn agreement with the Mill nnd
Smeltermen's Union to thnt effect, but
which hns never been recognized by
the members of thnt orgnnizntion. With
the whip of coercion tne compnny
stands dictating, the meu being driven
by tho lash of hunger to do thnt which
is of interest to their employers. This
is but the forer.inner of whnt haB got
to come now wn have the big interests
of the Dominion backed up with the
"Union government" to throttle nny
kind of rebellious spirit thnt crops up
amongst the workers of the industries.
Oppression nnd coercion aro good for
n time, then like all othor movements
that have been under the repressive
measures of those that rob and rule,
the workers throw off the yoko of dictation and rise in their might to alter
the servile conditions that have becomo
loathsome to them. The workors of
Trail havo been snubbed for the time
being, nnd the petty little digs will
only incite them to greater discontent
which will one dny ngnin burst out and
show that tho worker is being endowed
with feeling to gain something which
is desired. Ah it will tnke till after
the New Year before all the men nre
able to get back to work, it would be
well for men to keep nwny rrom the
smelter until such time ns the rest of
the men out get bnck ngnin. If this
is ndhered to it might help those thnt
are on the bln^list, for men will be
required nt the smelter ore long.
MACHINISTS LOCAL 777
ELECTS NEW OFFICERS
Largely Attended Meeting Last Saturday Elects Officers for Year
Officers who will handle the affairs
of Machinists' local, No. 777, aro now
in offlce und preparations nre going forward for the ensuing yonr under their
direction, The result of tbe election
wns us follows: President, F. V, Waine;
vice-president, A. Fenton; recording
secretary, F. Boomer; financial secre
tary. W. Wurehnm; troasuror, B. Han
dull; conductor, S. Walker; sentinel, A
Street.
HWft ^ffW^y °»"Ti   VZOTOB1
J*c£f&r)     $1.60 PER YEAR
BUSY PROTECTING UNION
FISHERMEN'S INTERESTS
IAN LABOR
RUNS IE IB
RUSSELL KEAELEY
Budiness agent in Vnnconver for the Deep
Sea Fishermen's Union, who has jnat re*
turned from a month's trip to the Buffalo
convention of tbe International, and who
Ih now buiy negotiating with the employing companies along tho Pacific coast with
a view to fixing the price which the union
fishermen will receive for the coming year.
The prospects of a satisfactory agreement
looked all right yesterday afternoon. Un-
fornnatoly, tbo prico the union fishermen
will receive as wages has nothing to do
with thc price of fish, that being regulated hy the food profiteers, In common
with everything else under the Borden
regime of flng-waving and  robbery.
IL BE INSTALLED
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
to Hold Important Meeting Next Wednesday
The noxt meeting of the Teamsters
and Chauffeurs, January 2, will see a
new set of officers in charge of iiffnirs]
for tbe ensuing year, At this meeting
tho following new officers will bc installed: President, W. J, Brown; vice-president, D. Shearer; secretary-treasurer,
Bert Showlor; recording secretary, S.
Miller; warden, F. Haslett; trustees—
throe-year term, B. Skidmorc; two-year
torm, J. Lamb; one-year term, W. M.
Brown.
Secretnry Showier yesterday announced that an understanding had beon ar*
rived nt with thc wholesale houses for
a nine-hour day and seven hours on
Saturday nt #20 n week for helpers,
nnd *22 nnd *2,'J a week for teamsters
nnd chauffeurs.
Civic Employees Will Elect
A special notice has gone out to mem-
bora of the Civic Employees * local nil-
vising them timt the meoting mi .Innu
ary 4 is especially emjmrtant, as officers for the ensuing yonr uro to bo
elocted, Other businoss of importance
for tho year will also be brought up.
Off Picket Duty
Owing to the bad woollier, the wait*
rcsHes Who hnve beon on pickol duty at
McLeod's Cflfo, which is unfnir (o organized labor, will be otherwise oocu*
pied fur a time, but will OflSUnlO Hie
picket ngnin later unless the enfe management grants tho bettor conditions
which the girls* ure contending for,
nnd which nre granted nt most other'
enfes.
HOLD MEETINGS TO
AID ORGANIZATION
Engineers Throughout the Province Are
Planning on a Joint Council
Splendid progress is boing shown in
the orgnnization work of the Stationary
Engineers throughout the provinco.
Locul 020 has enlarged its orgnnizntion
committee, and it is the intention to
hold orgnnizntion meeting* in their offices, 210 nnd 217 Lnbor Templo ovory
Wednesday evening, at 8 o'clock. The
flrst of these meetings wns held on
Dec. 10, and was productive of good
results. Quito n number of engineers
attended, and showed tlieir willingness
to become active members by pnying
their initiation foo. Tho formation of
a joint council] composed of delegates
from all craftfi working in mills is Tinder way, and in tho vory nenr future it
is expected that n formal demnnd will
bo put up to nil mill owners und manufacturing concerns for nn oight-hour
working dny.
JAMES D. McNIVBN
Who ha" resigned as the 11. O. reprvsi-ntn-
tlve of the federal department of labor, at
Ottawa, after many years' service, to sc-
•apt tho newly-created position nf deputy
minister of lnbor, ander the n<lmlnlntni-
tlon of Hon. J. \V. den. Farris. attorney-
Gneral and nlnlstcr of labor At Vlctoris.
r. McNIven It an old-time member of tin
Typo, union and worked at his trnfl" In
Viotorla for many yenrs prior to sccopt-
Ing the position he vnrates nn Dec. ill.
Bt has many friends In Ihe orgsnltdd
Labor movement nnd, if given MtffMent
•cope In his nuw portion, will jtiMlfy nil
appointmont.
Demand for Waiters
All waiters belonging to the union ure
employed ut prosont, and the local is
enrolling now members every mooting.
Indications point* to u shortage of help
in this class in tho spring, nnd it is
more than likely that better WflgOS will
Ik* paid on this occount, Cooksj waiters
and waitresses not nf prosont numbered among tho union membership nre
.irgcd to join up.
<J Hundreds of women nnd girls nre
working in Vnncouver stores nnd Indus-
trial plants at loss than $0 por woek.
The paytrlotfl need tho money.
•f In ndditiou to coining tlie Oriental
aud nlien lnbor into profits the employors of Cnnndn are now fohcing women into the lnbor innrkot, nil to tho
glory of tho god Profit I
The eighth annual convention of the B. O. Federation of Labor will convene in Vancouver, B. 0.,
on Monday, January 28,
1918.
MACHINISTS PLANNING
JOINT INSTALLATION
Both Locnls Will Participate in Smoker
and General Oood Time
A yonr ago the Machinists of Vancouver pulled off one of tho most successful smokers in the history uf tho
local I.ubor movemont when they held
a joint installation of officers. Thoy
are planning as elaborate nn nfTuir for
this VOar when  IhO now ollicers will be
Installed on Iho night of January 11.
The Machinist fl of New Westminster
hnve been Invited to tnke pnrt,
If Where ar
yours ago win
up the home,
or  Hordon';
to it.
those ngilutors of n fow
wero bent on "breaking
They'll hnvo to hurry
will  boat  them
profit
TWENTY-FIVE YEARB AGO
Trades and Labor Conncil.
Friday, December 30, 1892
A.   R.
ol
rt,   secretary  board   of
tnl door, thnt tlio city
'thing to do with alterations,    Committee will
;ronpiiig
W. Dow
st
works, re h
engineer h
ing Iho s)
invest! gnu
A pet iti
voting nn
ICflt by (
Dominion
wns ond"i'
Tho report
tnittoe was :
hands uf tin
iiiff.
Proposed nominations for civic hon
ors discussed.
Against Enormon* Odd* and
Heavily Handicapped
Wins in a Walk
Conscription  Crucified   at
Home and Buried Deep
in Trenches at Front
For the second time tke voters ef
Australia signed the death warrant of
autocracy's conscription scheme of infamy. The decision, upon the second
attempt to fasten the infamous thiig
upon the country, was even more mi*
phatic and conclusive than in the irst
instance. In fact it was so pronounced
and unmistakable, that it would seem
thnt there is nothing, within the limit*
of common decency, that the government can now do except to go down
and out and give more decent and
cleanly things a chance to -express themselves. No more vulgarly brazes an
attempt was over made to fasten *
crime upon a democratic and liberty
loving people, than this eecond effort
of the vioious Hughes and his contemptible crow to force the yoke of
conscript slavery upon tbe necks of the
Australians.
A Brief Eeview
When tbo referendum upon the question of conscription was submitted to
tho people of Australia in 1916, the
proposition was turned down by a majority of a little over 7u,0G0, A fart"
of thiB majority came from the trenehes
in Europe. The Australian soldiers at
thc front hud not evidently discarded
nnd repudiated the democracy that kad
become their political creed beneath the
.So.ithorn Cross. They carried it with
them to the battlefields of Europe and
remnined true to it when the occasion
offered, and they wero called upon to
decide, between tho tyranny of militarism upon the ono band, and the principles of democracy and liberty upon the
other. Whilo fighting, as tbey had been
told, for the purpose of crushing autocracy in Europe, at least a majority ef
tbem wero not disposed to plant tlie ae-
cursed seed of Prussian militarism and
autoeraey in their home land.
A Tear Later
And when the flag-flapping patriot*
roturned to the charge upon the battlements of democracy a year later, it
seems that these Australian soldiers remained true to themselves and their
class, by again repudiating the subtle
attempt of the military beast to fasten
its fangs permanently in the quivering
flesh of Australian manhood. It appears that th-ey voted even more heavily against conscription upon this ~
sion than thoy did in 1916. Pel
tho added experience that the past
has brought to them has increased tbeir
antipathy towards tho militnry beast,
and strength*tied the democratic faith
that is in them.
A Cheering Sign
From reports at hand, it appears that
the conscription scheme was defeated
last weejc by a majority of 175,000 in
tho bome vote alone. This majority is
being increased by the vote at tho
trout, but to just what extent is not
yet u matter of record. That this in--
crcoso in the majority over that ef a
your ago, waa obtained in spite of tbe
fact thut thc governmont succeeded lis
disfranchising fully 150,000 voters of »
year ago, speaks volumes for the increasing popularity of tho war and all.
thut it stands for. It speaks moaCelo*
(|iieatly of thc increasing popularity of
militarism und its brutal and disgusting practices uud regime. It is a splendid augury of what the immediate future hus iu store for Prussianism, at
least in Australia. And tbe Australian
vote, when compared with that of the
proud Canadian only two or throe days
previously, affords a most scathing
commentary upon our boasted pretense
of domocracy und devotion to the prin-
iples of liberty nnd progress. It should
» every Canadian workingman to
his bead in shame; especially
overy one who wns so obtuse and spineless ns to crucify himself and his class
by voting tho tickets mid thereby supporting the policy of the class that
rulos und robs only by and with tho
consent of the slnves, that it befools
and outrages. But the wealth producers, both farmers and wage slaves, of
this western continent nro tho most
docile und spineless of any of thnt tribe
on earth, so what else is to bo expected.
They have nllowed themselves to be
pumped so full of g.jff
freedom nnd the glorli
1016.    Perhaps
year
Cause
hnng
about   their
______^^^^^m.f,- un institutions of
'ioir boasted lund. that tbey aro apparently immune to the approach of
nny progressive thought that might
hnppen along without n passport from
the powors thnt rule and rob them. But
thon they are not to (dame, for that is
evidently the wny divine providence
molded them and shnped their dflptiay.
So what's the uso! But all hail to the
Austrnlian workers, nnyhowf At least
they nre democrats nnd hav* the gits
to sny so right out loud in open meeting,
m1.
cumulative
constitutions
secretnry of
les nnd Lnboi Congroifl,
f the parliamentary com-
loptod and placed in the
ttiitiHtician for safekeep-
UNFAIR ORCHESTRA
PLANS NEW YEAR BALL
I Franklin Aggregation of Non ulon
Players Want Patronage
At Dominion bnll on New Yoar's eve
it rtnnco is tu bo given by tbe Franklin
aggregation of unfair musicians. At
the snme timo members of ofgnni/oo*
labor whom Franklin will bave nothing
to do with, will hnvo an opportunity to
patronize a fair dance at Cotillion ball,
whero tho 1). O. K. K. orcheatra will be
augmented by players from tho theatres
nfter tho "how. The dance at Dominion
hull is being run by Franklin, who used
to run tho Snturdny night dances at
the cornor jf Hobson ond OranviUe. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY -..December U, 1917
FibUihed mry Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Ftdentioniit, Limited
ft. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunamulr St
TeL Exchange Seymonr 7496
After 0 p.m.: Ser 74.97K
Subscription:  11.50 per year;  In Vanconvci
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in  a  body,  $1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminster. W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald. Box ""'
Vietoria. ...*.A. S. Wells, Box lfiSS
; and correct action, intelligently direc'
od to that end.   Thero is no soction c
; the  community  outside of tho  Labr
[ movement, tbat has or can have a me
<age  to deliver that is in line wit
i liuman progress.   No other section hi
: Et message to deliver that can apper
, to tho democratic stneimont that lie
. Jormant though it mny be, in the breat*
if the average person who reasons an
hinks.   And novor was the time mor
opportune to deliver that message tha
iow.    Will the coming convontion sr
he machinery in motion in this prcn
nee so that that messago may bc d<
iverod vigorously and persistently dui
ng the months and years that arc in
nodintoly to comoi   The PederationiF
incercly hopes that it will do so, an
dodges its aid to the uttermost in s
;ood a cause.
"Unity ot Ubor:  the Hope of tbe World''
FRIDAY December 28, 1917
IP THE COMING convontion of tho
B, C. Federation of Labor requires
a fountain from which to draw tho
requisite inspiration for tho formulation
of an aggressive lnbor policy and plan
of campaign for the
WORK FOR future, that fountain
THE COMING can bc surely found
OONVENTION. in the politicul and
economic ' situation
now existing, not only in this provinoe,
but throughout Canada. And in viow
of the recent election campaign, and
the oiporieucos and disclosures connected therewith, it would just naturally
soetai that no furthor suggestions as to
the line of action to bc followed by tho
organized workers of the province,
wonld be necessary. For if thore was
My one fact mado plain above all
others during that campaign, it was
that the workors arc looked upon by
the .ruling class and its politicians and
attorneys as so many cattle to be either
driven, cajoled or swindled into mock
and sorvile obedience to whatever insult or ignominy the vulgar ambitions
of ruling class ruffianisem might see fit
to thrust upon them. Of courso this
haa been long known to that minority
ot working pooplo who have, fortunately for thomsolvcs and thc entire class
of slaves, been in somo mystorious manner endowed with sufficient powers of
observation and reasoning faculties to
be ablo to seo nnd understand what is
going on around them. But the utter
contempt manifostod for the common
hhrd, by tho ruling class of Cnnada,
aid the profound abandon expressed by
its political and military retainers as
tkoy impudently spat upon all prccopts
of democracy and repudiated evon the
last principle of common decency, during tho lato campaign, was so coarse
and vulgar that it could not escape gen-
eralnotico, and must havo left, a lasting impression upon any mind less plastic than concrete.
* * *
- It must now be clear to even many a
working man who did not previously
see it, that whatever of good tho workers obtain, thoy must got for them-
boIvob. This should by this timo be
clear to all. Not a word of politicnl or
economic truth was spoken to working
poople from the platforms or oditorial
sanctums of the ruling clnss'during tho
campaign 411 question. Nothing but an
unending stream of falsehood, doceit
and misrepresentation was poured into
their silly ears, and for tho purpose of
leading or steering thom again into the
bloody and vulgar shambles of ruling
olass rapacity and rapine. Every working man with a grain of-sense in his
noodle knows this to be the truth. It
ia safe to say that many working men
aid women who wero blind nnd stupid
enough to be led away by the lies and
deceits of political knaves at the late
eleetion, arc long ere this so heartily
ashamed of their weakness that thoy
cannot look thomsolvcs yi tho face
without blushing guiltily and most pro-
fwely, But as thc beginning of tho
n*!?.yNeftp nas l°ng flinC6 beon generally
recognized as a most fitting timo for,
weak and sinful mortals to make a
mere or loss wobbly attempt to inject
stiffening into their moral, ethical and '
spiritual backbones, Tho Federationist
suggests that the coming convention
takes vigorous steps to encourage weak
slaves to put as much ginger as possible into a now yoar resolution that they
will no longer be led astray by the
mealy-mouthed sophistry and impudont
lying of the tools and agents of the
olass whose sole business is to rule nnd
rob them. Let a clear and vigorous pronouncement of Labor's political and
economic policy and programme bo
made, and similar vigorous steps be
taken to pross forward the necessary
propaganda, in season and out of season, until such policy and programmo
ban swept the earth of all that is inimical to the Welfare and happiness of the
class that alone mnkes nny sort of civilisation possible—the working cIubs.
"\ *        *        *
If the recent campnign emphasized
anything, it is that whatever political!
activity was displayed, wns made manifest outside of the official,machinery of
tko Trades and Labor Congress of Cnnada. At least the B. 0. Federation of
Labor made.an enrnest attempt to do
something. And taking into considorn-
tion tho circumstances and conditions
with which it was faced, the Federation J
did well. At loast it made a beginning.
And the good work thus begun must
not be allowed to Ing, utterly roffardloss
of whether another election will occur
within months, years or decades. The
taunt earnest attention should be given
to the upbuilding of the political ma-
eklne of labor. For, dispute it as we
siay, it is upon that political weapon
tkat labor must eventually rely, if it is
te effect its emancipation from tho economic servitude that now rests like a
carso npon it.
\\' *        *        *
And what an effective work may be
lono along tke political line if we arc
wiso and utilize the power at our command intelligently. The labor organisations as they now exist furnish n most
effective machinory for the carrying on
ot an incessant und senrching propaganda throughout the provinco, if this
machinery is act to work along tho pro^
per linos. At the most hut a slight increase to the por capita tax would afford ample funds to enable the routing
ot -ono or more speakers at stated intervals, say once per month, ovor tho
province, the locnl organizations nt the
various places, arranging the details of
meetings, not only for tho purposo of
political work and orgnnizntion, but
that of strengthening nnd upbuilding
<ithe economic organization as well.
It is easily within the possibilities, that
this province can be conquered politically by its working class within tho
time that will undoubtedly elapse before another Dominion election will bo
bold.   All tbnt is required is vigorous
THE B. C. Federation of Labor is I
be commended for its bold decisir
to break a few customs and esta1
ish a precedont or two. At the specif
invention, hold in Vancouver on Lab
LET'S LEAVE that hereafter the
ELECTIONS TO Fodoration would
B. 0. F. OF L, place candidates of
its own in tho field
with a view to having its annual delegations to Victoria on the insido looking out, instead of, bb so long in the
pnst, on the outside looking in. This
policy was adopted after a fight wnged
for more than fivo years, beginning
with the Victorin convontion of 1012.
* *        *
There are still a few sceptics who
shako their heads as to thc wisdom of
organized labor, as such, taking nn active part in politics, fearing that work
Vlong industrial lines may be adversely
affected through squabblos such as only
a buach of wage-workers aro capable of
indulging in. It must bo admitted, however, that the B. C. Fedoration of
Labor provides tbo machinery for dealing with the political lifo of organized
labor to much -better advantage than
oan possibly be accomplished through
delegate representation in parliamentary committees, representation leagues,
etc. The Federation is a thoroughly
representative provincial body. Through
its vice-prosidents all over the province
it can keep in touch with local requirements from every viewpoint. It possesses the machinery for conducting
spenking tours and conducting educational work the yoar round. In a word,
it is thc logical industrial expression
and politicnl reflex of the B. C. organized lnbor movement. The Federation eau be mnde just as useful as the
membership want it.
* *        ijt
Inasmuch, thon, as the Federation hns
adopted the policy of participating in
every olection contest within thc confines of thc province, The Federationist
suggests that all the unions and central
labor bodies in B. C. leave tho tusk to
the Federation, making it sponsor for
the organization and conduct of each
contest. In only two constituencies,
Vnncouver.nnd Newcastle, wo,ild tho
adoption of this policy alter nny decisions made by locnl lnbor bodies, and
even in these cases the convention was
hold bo long ago that it might not be
a bad idea to hold another, this time
under the auspices of tho B. C. F. of L.
and at the call of the vice-presidents
for the territory involved.
* *        *
There will probably be at least four
bye-elections held in British Columbia
next month. The timo is short, nnd
the B. C. F. of L. executive should lose
no time in following up its recent decision by nrrnnging for n nominating
convention in oach of the four vnoant
constituencies, Alberni, Newcastle, Vancouver nnd Sim lilt am eon.
Tho Appeal to Reason, that powerful
tponont, for lo these many yoars, of
jcialisra liko the poBtoffice is run on,
as, with due recognition of the virtue
intained in tho gospel of "safety
rst," suddenly flopped over into a
aliant and energetio advocate of war
or democracy according to the Wil-
onian formula. It now maketh the
loarfc glad and the wolkin ring, under
he title of the "New Appenl." Like
ts prodoccssor, the "Now Appeal" iB
inmistakably sound. The only differ-
mee is that the sound of the old "Appeal" was at times quite loud and
'hreatening, while that of the "New,
■Vppoal" has shrunk to tho limits of a
pitiful whine.
The Vaneoaver Daily Sun, the luminary whose gontle beams of penetrating
truth, righteousness nnd rare and unbiased judgment full with compelling
impartiality upon fried and foe alike,
patronizingly laments the fact that
Labor is not represented in the councils of the most virtuous government
at Ottawu. Thc gentle Sun, however,
solaces ita disturbod soul with the soothing reflection that Labor men are inclined to possess pronounced Socinlist
leanings, and declares that Socialists,
once in powor, would; no doubt, make a
protty mess of things. And thoro is
much in the contention that sho.ild givo
tho thoughtful person pause. Lament-
nble, indeed, it would bo to bring about
any interruption of the present eminently sune, sensible, orderly, smooth-
working and satisfactory condition of
affairs throughout the civilized world.
Let us, by all moans, stick to the
poace, order and decorous conduct of
tho present, and take no chanco of having matters thrown into n bad moss bv
irersponsible Lnbor men of ridiculous
nnd erratic proclivities.
It will be remembered thai Charles
S. Mellon was president of the New
York, New Haven & Hartford railroad
a few years ago. Under his capable
regime tho "New Haven" properties
were so completely aud thoroughly
looted as to create quite a scandal in
bourgeois society. This is peculiarly
remarkable in viow of the fact that
loot is tho cornerstone of all bourgeois
philosophy, but looting must* bo only
practiced upon woalth producers in ordor to be en regie, When bourgeois
loots bourgeois, of course n good deal
of ill-feeling in thu family is likely to
result. But Mr. Mellon has recently
been interviewed, and found to bo in
favor of government ownership of rail-
wuys. He nppears to belong to that
school of self-to.ited socialists that bo-
Moves government ownership and socialism to be one nnd the samo thing.
His main renson for tho faith that is
in him is set forth ns follows: "It is
going to tnke something like the strong
arm of the government to deal with the
army of railroad employees. Under
government ownership there will bc no
more strikes thnn there are in tho
army, navy or postoftice." Government ownership socinlists like Charles
Edward Russell nnd thnt fiery band of
Girard, Kan., revolutionists that run
the "New Appeal," should herald the
arrival of Mellon unto tho camp of tho
sanctified, with hearty and noisily joyous acclaim,
Another word nnent the B. C. Federation of Labor. In tho opinion of Tho
Federationist, based on impressions
gnined during recont months from many
live trade unionists, the headquarters
of tho Federation Bhould be locuted in
Vancouver, and the secre tary-treasurer ps
position sho.ild be made a permanent
ono. It is too much to -expect a man
to work nt his trnde all day long, aud
do justice to the work of tho Federation during leisure hours. If the por
capita tax will not permit of this boing
done, then it should be raised. There
is nothing moro important to the-orgaui-
zod workers than looking after their
legislative und political interests. The
relationship betweon tho worker's meal
ticket and his vote is of sufficient interest to warrant strict attention to that
phase of thc Labor movoment. This iH
the judgment of union officials who have
hud years of experience, and have had
opportunity to watch closely how the
employers get what they want nt Victoria. A permanent orgnnizer would
ho a great help too, but if this is not
possible at present, then let the permanent secrotary do what he can from
time to timo along that lino. Thero is
much work to do. Let'B tnckle tho job
liko men. Foftunntiely, the noxt convention meots in Vancouver noxt
month, when these questions cnn be
givon tho attention they undoubtedly
deserve.
Wo pro pleased to note thnt the newly-
Hooted govornment nt Ottnwa hns already taken decisive steps toward complying with tho popular clamor for tho
"conscription of woalth." lis first official act was to "conscript" 12 conts
per day from thc pay of the bloated
plutocrats who constitute the Cnnndinn
"Home Guards."
R. A. Rigg, Labor member of the
Manitoba parliament, resigned his scat
in order to become tho Labor candidato
for the federal parliament at Ottawa
at the lato election. He was defeated,
and in order to prevent his return to
the provincial houso at tho forthcoming
bye-election, a move is on foot to effect a " Unionist "-Liboral-Great War
Veterans combination to defeat him, if
he decides to run as a Labor candidate.
A fow more object lessons are no doubt
needed beforo the working men will
clearly see what disinterested friends
they have in these political circusos of
capitalism, and their frenk Bido-shows.
Word comes from Great Britain that
there is n steady turning of the tide
of popular opinion in the direction of
socialism. I'oace talk is ovory where
applauded. The peoplo are ovidently
becoming snno onco ngnin. This is especially emphasised by tho onormous incrense in thc sales of Labor and socialist papers and literature. Tho Bales of
the Labor Lender are said to be increasing at tho rate of thousands of copies
per weok. And yet this samo Labor
Leader iH not allowed to come out of
Britain. Evidently British democracy
does not want tho rost of tho world
to become contaminated with its pernicious Labor doctrines.
Somewhat loss than one-hnlf of the
population of the enrth is involved in
the present war, cither through active
participation in its horrors or its normal means of existence being more or
less seriously upset by it. There must
bo fully 100,000,000 ablo-bodiod adult?
whose sole energies are being expended
for war purposes, to the exclusion of
practically everything else. Thoy nro
not producing anything that conserves
;i legitimate human need, but on the
contrary are consuming upon a gigantic
sonic the products of energy that ought
to have been directed to the feeding,
clothing nnd sheltering of thehiselves
and their fellows. How long can a
civilization composed of, say, three-
quarters of a billion people escape perishing from starvation,' if fully one-
eighth of that population, and that
largely composed of the vory pick of
nil nd.ilt males, is kept nt tho task of
killing nnd destroying upon thc gigantic scnlo thnt their numbers implyf
Does it require intelligence above the
level of a confirmed idiot to realize thnt
if this debacle of blood-lust and devastation is to continue for anothor three
yenrs, that thc population of "those warring countries will be mnst frightfully
decimated by actual starvation? Doe's
nn" one short of complete idiocy not
know that actual starvation ia evon
now getting in its deadly work in the
noun trios most directly involved in the
holocaust: of denth nnd dflstructionf
And what nre these countries ruled by
anyway, but a joblot of idiots, and
mediocre idiots at thnt? And can anything better be snid of thp common herd
these various countries? But why
nsk such a foolish question?
*<S3E5i
fEDER/mOMST
Hu the Prodact of Environment
Editor, B. rC. FedOrationlBtf: The battlefield
of Europe will be the burial place of many
a venerable superstition and Is our great
social scavenger and melting pot.
A few months ago a father and mother,
both faithful students of Mra. Baker Eddy's
"Science and Health," sent their only boy
to "flght for freedom," feeling secure In
the faith that although he might bayonet
or blow up,the boys of Germany, "sin, slot-
ness and death," the products of'the "mortal mind," would Barely pans him by. And
so the fbnd parents lived in their fool's
paradise until the casualty list and a letter
informed them that their boy had been blown
to shreda by contact with a shell. "The
mills of the gods grind on," for with the
loss of their boy, tney a»o lost the Idea
that machine murder was compatible with
thu teachings of ChrlBt or that true science
can  deny  the  reality of matter  and force.
We arc gradually learning the great lessons uf life In- spite of certain economlo
forces and the dead hands of the past that
would fain hold ub back. We are rapidly
learning that we may he our own creators
and piet-eivers, and the factors that will
givo Strength and beauty to humanity nro
already here only waiting a mentality to
properly co-ordinato them. Every sohool and
college, every hospital and church, every
prison reform and juvenile court, is an admission that man is the clay In the hands
at social forces. Freo-wllI Is the scapegoat
of the upper dog. Social morality insists
that wo are indeed our brothers' koopers
and oxporience demonstrates it.
Dr. Barna do homes took thousands of
waifs from the slums of London, placed thom
nn Canadian farms and over 95 per cent,
turned out to bo good average citlsens. Somo
nf us are at present particularly pleased
with the attitude of tho Australian working
clans toward the wnr.and conscription, and
their great advance toward practical democrncy. yet the fathers of modern Australians
woro- penal convicts sent from the overflowing jails of old England.
Clarence Dnrrow, well-known Jurist and
soda? philosopher, says experience proves to
him that there Is no moral difference between those outside of jails and those inside and in many cases their positions should
bt reversed. It Is all a matter of environment. Mr. Darrow sayB he will take fifty
nvernge prostitutes and let them live under
correct social conditions and in a few years
they wi'l be a good average community.
We nre gradually learning that "what a
man soweth that shall he also reap," and
consequently that kind words brings back
kind words. It is a fact that no trainer of
animals for exhibition purposes can use
brute force and succeed, and yet our wise
men and rulers protend that brutality and
humiliation are the correct means of reforming the inmates of their jails and penitentiaries.
We are usually right !n our regard for
the feelings of wild animals, but entirely
mistaken in the usual treatment nf so-called
criminals, nnd onr mistakes nre largely due
to the delusion that animals are entirely
subject to environment nnd men nnd women,
being endowed with "free will," aro superior to conditions which surround them,
and are "sinful" not becnuse they can't
help it, but because they will it. Some of
you will remember Jack London's great lovo
story of the wolf dog, White Pang, nnd
recollect how patience and affection on the
pnrt of thc Klondyke miner gradually transformed* the ferocious hnite into the loving
friend of his master, n friend faithful even
unto denth. Some duy oven nations nnd
their rulers will, hy bitter experience, learn
that revenge nnd brute force mny destroy
the  victor  ns  well   ns   the  victim.
Bcrnnrd Shaw hns recently told us that
Jesus Christ was n much wiser statesman
thnn thoso groat ones who ure todny hurling
armies to destruction, ami that tho command,
"Love yonr enemies, do good to them who
hate you," is a vastly wiser principle of
national and International dlplomaoy thnn has
so Tnr been practised. Shaw's diplomacy
would succeed between certain men and
wnlMogs, between supermen nnil common
men. or between n co-operative republic and
a slave state bill it Implies inequality of
development. Tt could not Apply between
wolf packs or between modem stntes representing exploitation of their own workers
nr those willing to Invade nnd subjugate
other states either in the name of "kultur"
o» ' 'democrncy.'
Wo Buu that even n wolf-dog cannot withstand this mode of ftttnek and It is time
we wero learning that the human heart is
equally responsive.
The daily press hns given us some thrilling nnd revolting pictures of sccnos on the
wnr, and many of these demonstrate most
emphatically the effects of environment. A
year ngo there was reported n story of n
bnnd of Canadians rushing a German trench.
They fought at inst with flsts njid claws and
teeth, and some of them died with frothing
mouth nnd fangs nnd claws tearing the
throats of their enemy. War had driven
these mnn hark to the jungle, and had mad'
wild beasts of these kindly Canadian boys,
nnd the "kopt" press applauded the dngre-
ilntion.
But here is another picture nnd it Is as
hopeful and sweet as the former is hellish.
Anothor force than revenge of blood-lust is
acting on the human heart. A British Tommy Is holding in his arms a dying German
hoy and with tender words and caresses is
soothing his last pangs. They snem for a
time alone amid the wreck and mln of the
strife. The dying boy In fancy is home
again in the Fatherland fnr which he gave
his life, and he hns taken oflfr Tommy with
him, and so the field of Mood and shattered
corpses fades away and Is gone. Tommy's
arms are about him and to the boy they
aro his mother's arms. He Is a child once
more and his mother Is rocking him tn sleep
and he ean hear her crooning the old lullaby.
All pain has left him now and he in just
a child going to sleep in his mother's arms.
Tho grim reaper Is the rngel of mercy, for
how sweet and secure Jt Is for a weary child
to go to sleep in his mother's arms, so the
hoy's eyes close and with a smile and a sigh
ho has gone to" rest; and Tommy, as he
gently lays him down and before he covers
the hoy's face, kisses his pale cheek for his
mother's sake and because he lovos him, too.
Tn that Instant n great truth shines through
his heart to his'consciousness, and he knows
'that even now love Ib the greatest power In
thiB aad old world,.and he understands that
somehow, sometime, Jove will conquer Ignorance, and greed, and hate, and war, and
will make all men brothers.
„ W. J. CURBT.
Vancouver/Dec. 2$, 1917.*
Ths Canadian Labor Party
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Any action
utilised by one political party to overthrow
another la, of necessity, political action. The
election is over, but the game has jnst been
called. It Ib absurd to imagine the Labor
parties of the world consist wholly of union
members. Organised Labor oan gather a
strong support by a campaign that should
be carried along every day of tbe year, year
in and year out. To duplicate the plans
of the Socialist party will do not hurt, and,
provided we remain Insistent and maintain
a platform in keoping with the twentieth
century demands, we can carry on a propaganda of education thnt will havo a marked
effect on the next election. That auch a
vast educational and Important feature
should be left to the Socialist party, Is unfair and contrary to the best interests of
a  class  that produces woalth  but  does  not
Sobbobh it. A meoting should be held every
unday, with a collection to defray expenses.
Speakers ahould bo developed, pamphlets
framed, sold or distributed. Thin will educate the workers as to how to mark thoir
ballots, Without this no election ean bo
won. Thise who have studied the International growth of the Labor movement know
the time has arrived for aetion.
S. H.  COOKE.
17 hustings stroet east.
Joe Clarke FhUosopmiu
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: There is probably no game in thc world whero the real
meaning of "Nothing succeeds like success"
has such real meaning as in politics, Yet
in quite a career dealing with votes of the
people, I always feel hotter after what looks
like a unanimous or overwhelming victory
for the wrong. I have yet.to hear one cheer
or ovidenco of joy over the late federal vote,
I believe that if the final vote from Australia turns out anything like the flrst returns, that tho people of this country will
kick themselves sick. Having had some experience as an Independent candidate for
various offices, I can understand how, in thc
jam between Tories and Grits, ono might get
few if any votes, but 1 cannot understand
or pretend to understand East Calgary and
North Winnipeg. I believe thoBe two ridings have, In their result, n lesson that all
true democrats must read now, or shove
back for us the hand of progress for years
and years  to  come.
.The party fetish is almost as strong in
the minds of our voters ns the patriotic
bugaboo Is among those who go out to fight
to protect the properly of thoBe who will
not and never thought nf fighting or killing
anyone, excopt those they starve to death.
But in the two ridings mentioned, wo had
for two of our best men in Canada, not only
whnt looked like, and what actually ought
to have been, a real nomination of the poople, hut the endorsement through lack of
any opposition from the nominal opposition.
How, then, can tlie result be diagnosed, for
this cose is not the same ns in Vancouver,
whore the Lahor candidates were sandwiched
in between an old-line Grit and the collusion
Unionist ?
JOS. A. CLARKE.
Edmonton, Dec. 21,  1917.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADEB AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETS
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board; President, Jas. 11. Ale Vety; vice-
president , J. Hubble; genoral aeeretary,
Victor R, Mldgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
sorgeaut-at-arniB, Geo, Harrison; trustees,
3. il. McVety, G. J. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J. Crawford,
ALLIED  PRINTING TRADES  COUNOIL—
Meets second Monday In the month, Presidont,   Geo.   Bartley;   eecretary,   it.   H.   Nee-
landB,  P.O.  Box  66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL NO. 676—MEETS
first Sunday of each month, Labor Tomple.
■'resident, Joba Manin, financial aeeretary,
J. Smith, 010 Holden Bldg., Box 421, Phone
Soy. 2573; recording aeoretary, Wm. Mottl-
shaw, P.O. Box 42*4, Vancouver, B. 0.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Union of America, Loeal No, llo—
Meots aeoond and fourth Tuesdays In ike
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 1671
Alberni street.
BRICKLAYERS'   AND   MASONS',   NO l-
Meots second and fonrth Wednesdays. 6
p.m., Room 307. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
53; flnanclal secretary, W. J. Pipes.	
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 617—Moeta every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley; financial secretary.
G. Thom; recording aeeretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phono Sey. 749S.
BREWERY"W0RKERS7l. U. NO. 281, I. u.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrat and third
Wednesdays of each month. Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite I, 1788 Fourth
avenue west.
W-Hk
New Year Greetings To
Our Many Friends!
WE WISH YOU ALL A HAPPY AND
A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR
Li
THE MANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF j
HENRY BIRKS & SONS LIMITED
GEO. E. TEOEBY, Man.-Dir.  OBANVILLE STBEET  f
GENERAL TEAMSTERS' AND CHAUF-
fours' Union, Local No. 056—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; businoss agent, J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue eaat, Phone Fair. 716R;
flnanclal secretary, Bert Showier, 1070 Rob-
sou Btreet, Phone Sey. 667S. Office, Room
218, Labor Temple.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—
MeetB laat Bunday of each month at 2
p.m.. President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-
president, R. G. Marshall; aeeretary treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MEETS
In annual convention in January, Executive officers, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor,
Box 41S, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. MoVety,' V. R. Mldgley,
Labor Templo. Victoria; J. Taylor, Box
1815. Vancouver Ialand: W. Head, South
Wellington. Prince Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 60*. New Westmlnater: W. Yates,
906 London street. Kootenay District: A.
Goodwin, Box 26, Trail. Crows Neat Valley: W. B. Phillips, 176 McPherson avenue.
Secretary-treasurer: A. S. Wells, Box 1588,
Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, \B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets flrat and third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Government street,
at 8 p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box
887; vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278
Denman Btreet; aeoretary, B. Simmons, Box
802, Victoria, B.  0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF UNITED
Brewery Workmon. Local No. 280—Meejs
at K. of P. hall, North Park street,' on
tbe second and fourth Thursdays of each
month. President, E. Orr; secretar-, W.
E. Bryan, 2642 Scott streBt. Victoria, B. C.
JIEW WEBTMMBTEB, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America,  Local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary. F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
PRINCE  BUPERT,  B,  0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Counoil—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters' hall
Prosidont, S. D. Macdonald; Becrotary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 273. Prfnce Bupert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M, W, nf A.-
Meets second and fourth Sumlavs of each
month, at 8:30 p.m., Richard* Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; rocordlng Becrotary, James Bateman;
financial secrotary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J. H, Richardson.
TRAIL, B. C.
BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 285—Meets in Miners'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:30 p.m, Pr.-ui
dent, H. Bell; socretary, Fnd CaualL P. 0.
Drawer 8., Trail, B. 0.
Another Instance of Raw Deal
******     ******     ******     ******
By the Compensation Board
Altlicight ttliHcnt from work for aix
months through severe Injuries he re-
Helved in tho Wn Ilnce shipyards, North
Viinc'.uviT, Mr. Donald Anderson claims
tho Workmen's Compensation hoard has
only partially paid his claim nnd all
effort n to secure what is due him have,
so far, proved unavailing. On .lannnry
12, Anderson was struck in his abdomen
with a ploilo of timber going through
a swoat-box. When knocked down ho
sustained a severe injury to the back of
his hioad which required six stitches.
He catered tho Harbor View Sanitarium immediately aftor the accident and
was operated upon on February 8. He
loft the hospitnl dn Februnry 23. A
fow dnys later he suffered a rolapso
and entered St. Paul's hospital, Vancouver, on February 27, whore on
March 1 He was operated on for rupture, abscess nnd appendicitis. Ho loft
hospital on Afnrch 28 but did not return to work until July 12. The com-
ponsntinn due him wns paid by the
board up to April 20, but from that
date until he returned to work, ho hns
received nothing.
Tn an -effort to secure full recognition
for his claim, from the hoard he engaged legal assistance, He now claims
thnt such assistance should bo pnid for
by tho board. In reply to a letter of
liin making this elnim, Mr, Pnrker Williams, one nf the members of the Workmen's    Compensation    board,    wrote:
We are afraid that we will have to
disagree with you as to the board putting you to the expenso of securing
legal assistance. On notification from
nny source of the injury »f a workman
we proceed an rapidly as possiblo to
get In the necessary documents, nnd
when this is done we believe we give
ihe most generous construction that the
act will permit. In no case, so far, hns
the ill-advised work twin's attorney
been of thc slightest assistance to us
or value to the workman."
In tho courso of hia letter Mr. Williams nlso pointed out thnt it is not
correct to say that an injured workman can change from one hospital to
another without the consent of the
board. This alludes to Mr. Anderson
having had his operations performed at
different hospitals. Mr. Williams' con-
tentioa is disputed by Mn E. 8. H,
Winn, the chairman of the board, who,
in a lotter to Mr. Anderson, says: "It
is absolutely immaterial to the board
as to what hospital the workman selects. Wc wish to see him get tho vory
best of care and If one hospital doeB
not givo it to him then I havo no objection to his going to a hospital whoro
ho will get the necossary attention."
Mr. Winn in the lotter mentioned, also
stated, "Wo have Investigated a groat
number of your complaints, and wo
thoroforo m,ist ask you to consider the
incident as now closed. We think you
have boen treated fairly, and if you
nre not satisfied wo regret it."
Mr. Anderson hns no intention of
dropping thc matter, as ho claims thnt
ns long ns he could not work because
of his accident ho is entitled to tho
regular compensntion of $8.25 a woek.
Mnny coses of a Bimilar nature in which
the Compensntion bonrd hns failod to
give whnt the clnimnnts consider full
compensation have boen tnken up by
the different labor unions with a view
to obtaining justice for those who suffer from accidents,
BROTHERHOOD OF- BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 10-4—Meets
nvory Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Camp-
hell, 220 Seeond atreet; secretary-treasurer,
Annua Fraser, 1151 Howe street; bnsiness
■'icent.  J. H. Carmlebael, Boom! 212, Labor
Temple.  '
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Englneera, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; vice-president, F, Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 218, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7498.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Paeiflo—MeeU every Tueaday.  7 p.m., at
487 Gore avenne.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 318
—Meeta In Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording
seeretary, John Mnrdook, Labor Temple;
flnanclal aeeretary and bualneaa agont, E. H.
Morrison. Room 207 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Loeal 9652—Offloe and ball, 804
Pendor itreet cast. Meeta every Thursday.
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
huslneaa agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I.L.   AT "LOCAL  88rB2,   AUXILIARY—
{Marine     Warehousemen     and     Freight
Handlers).   Headquarters,  486  Howe  street.
Meets   flrat   and   third  Wednesday.   8  p.m.
Sr-cretary and hnsin"sa agent, B. Winch.
MACHINISTS*. NO.  182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thursdaya at 8 p.m. President.
Wm. Small; reeordlng secretary, J, Braoka;
flnnncial secretary. J. H   MeVety, Room 211
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7485.	
MOVING    PICTURE    MACHINE    OPERA.
ton' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. S. E.
k M. P. M, 0.—Meeta flrat Snnday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident,
J. S. Foster; bnalnen agent, Sam Haigh;
flnanclal and correapondlng aeeretary, 0, A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vaneonver and vicinity)—
Branch meats aeoond and fonrth Mondaya,
Room 304, Lahor Temple. Pretident, Ray
McDongall, 1028 Grant atreet; flnanolal aeeretary, J. Lyons, 1648 Venablei street;
reeordlng aeeretary, E. Weetmoreland. 8247
Point Orey road.   Phone Bayvlew _________
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, LOCAL
No. 188—Meeta second and fonrth Thursdays of eaeh month, Room 808, Labor
Templo. Preeldent, H, Pink; vlce-prealdent.
D. Hughes; flnanolal eecretary, G. H. Wee-
ton; recording secretary, D. Lemon, Room
808, Labor Temple.
RETAIL CLERKS' UNION, LOCAL' 270—
Meets tn  Labor Temple every  flrat and
third Tuesdaya, 8:15 p.m.   President, Chaa.
D.  Bruce.   1022  McLean   drive;   aeeretary-
treasnrer. Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Melville
atreet. Phono_Sey. 5846R.
SHIPTXrD LABORERS' UNION, NO. 1R6Q
—Moots eecond and fonrth Frldaya of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.    President, C
Soams; recording eecretary; W. Hardy, 446
Twenty-third street welt, North Vaneonver;
flnanclal secretary,  8. Phelps.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY  EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
Lahor Tomple, eecond and fonrth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J, Hnhhle; vie**
president, E. S. Cleveland; recording eecretary .A. V. Lofting. 2561 Trinity street,
Phone High. 16SR; flnanolal aeerstary and
business agent. Fred. A, Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive,  offlee oorner Prior and Vain'streets
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNTON OF
America, Loeal Nn. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month. 8 p.m. President. J. T. Ellsworth: vice-president, W
Laraen; reeordlng secretary, W. W. Hocken.
Box 508; flnanclal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508.
SYNOPSIS   OF   COAX.   MINING   REGULATIONS.
pOAL mining rights of' tho Dominion, in
*■" Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may bo leased for a term of
twonty-one years renewal for * further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an
aero. Not more than 2,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lea^e must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory thc land must bo described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and in uusurveyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by tho
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of |fi which will be rt.'andod If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of tbe mine at tho rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating tlie mine shall furnish tho Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable eoal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
eoal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least
onee a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded hy Chap. 27 of 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1014.
For fnll information application should be
made to tho Secretary of the Department of
ihe Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Snb-
Agent of Dominion' Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N, B.—Unauthorised publication of tbls
advertisement will not bo paid for.—88576.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct  '
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
.   Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
J. Edward Sears     Offlce: Sey. 4140
SEARS & PATTON
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vancouver Office:  616-7 Rogers Bldg.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
THE
INCOBPOBATED
1885
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets ....
Deposits
..173,000,000
... 64,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
nameB of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings and Gamble 8ti.
TheBiokofBritiihNorth America
EitttUsh.d la use
Brtriehes throughout Oinsdt tnd  it
NEW TORK, SAN PRAN0I80O AMD
DAWSON
 Swing, Daputmant
-SAVE TOUB MONEY—
0. N. STAOEV, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
8TABT A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away your spue
cash In any old oorner where it ll
in danger from burglars or lire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon perfect safety for yoar
money, and will give yon fill
banking service, whether yonr account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. 0. JOT, Manager
Hastlngi and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
Reserve Funds .
Total Assets 	
..* 13,911,000
14,321,000
, 287,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, MONTBEAL
410 branches In Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are wert of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—say, every payday,  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal •**t—m—m
—mm—wmosim
PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
nn>AT~
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You Can Look to Us
to Meet Every Need
in Sweater Coats
The pre-eminence of this section in Vancouver is a well authenticated and 'widely accepted fact. These details inspire
confidence—
POR $12.50 and $10.50—High-grade pure wool Coat,
jumbo stitch, perfect knitting, heavy weight.
POR $7.75—A similar Coat, knitted to the actual outline of
the body; elastic knit, medium heavy weight, shawl collar.
POR $6.50—A light weight pure wool Coat, clastic knit,
smart looking, with shawl collar.
POR $5.50—A heavy weight pure worsted Coat in jumbo
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POR $3.95—Choice of four different coats at tins price. All
made of good worsted yarns and ranging from a comparatively light weight to medium heavy.
POR $2.85—Penman's heavy worsted coat with s%wl collar;
a coat designed for hard wear; in brown and mole.
NOTE—In the above details, where colors arc not stated,
they consist of khaki, grey, fawn, maroon, Oxford and brown,
all of which are dependable. Full range of sizes in all colors
listed here.
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jw'i'*. ^wnuuNUstit ■      * •
WABOB
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IM* ABOB Coffee is packed by the vacuum process, whieh
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Canadian Northern Railway
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DISTRICT PASSENOEE AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W.. VANCOUVER
Telephone Seymour 8482
The Sign
USE
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Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
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BETAIL STOBES IN ALL SECTIONS OF TRE PROVINCE
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
Aa an old-time resident of Burnaby he knows values and every Inch
of the district.
Agent Equitable Fire end Marino Insurance Company
A.  LOMAS
NOTARY PUBLIO
Heal Estate, Conveyancing,   Insurance,   Appraiser,   Estates   Managed
I have the best exclusive listings in Burnaby.   Good buys for cash, in
lots, houses and acreage.   All close to car line.
Pbone Ool. MX JUBILEE, B. 0. P.O. Box 7
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
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Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
MACDONALD llARPOLE CO.
Phone
Seumour^
zio
Phons
S-eumour
210
1001 tun mm
FUEL CONTROLLER IS
Some Reasons Why He Can
Not Serve Producers and
Consumers Alike
The Results of Cheap Labor
and Out-of-Date Tools
and Equipment
[By Joe Naylor]
CUMBERLAND, V. I., Dec. 24.—
I have focpivod information that Mr.
Nichol Thompson, tho fuel controller, is
doing a splendid service for that part
of society that created Mr job and
placed him in possession of it. But, ns
is always tho ease, he is trying to inako
peoplo bolievo thut he is doing something useful to all of socioty. To do
this lie lias got to muke statements that
uro often;,erroneous and sometimes absolutely false.
I am told that hu says tho mines horo
nre 11 fty years behind the times. This
is a mistake. Ho should have suid thut
they aro fully ono hundred und fifty
years behind. And thon he tries to
plane the blame for this state of affairs
upon thc minors' organization, by
claiming that the minors aro opposed to
tho installation of up-to-dute machinery.
Whether Mr. Thompson knows anything
at al! about tho U. M. W. of A. is not
clear, but by making such stafcetaonts it
seems that ho does not. If ho does
know anything about tho organization
and its policy, he must bo classed as
"queer" when ho attributes sueh an
unprogrosslvo attitude to tho organization.
I have boen connectod with tho U. M.
W. of A. for a long timo, and nevor to
my knowledge has that organization
over opposed the introduction and installation of improved machrinery *or
methods of produetion. Tho accusation
or implication of Mr. Thompson is false.
That is about tho tnost charitable viow
that can bo taken of his utterances
upon thc subject in question. Whether
ho is thc originator of this anti-progressive theory attributed' to the U. M.
W. of A or not I do not know, bnt the
chances arc that ho gots his inspiration
from the snme source as did similar
worthy gentlemen who camo hore during thc striko. Ho has gotten his data
from thc conl company and its scabs.
In viow of this what elso iB to bo reasonably expected thnn judgment ngninst
tlie miners and thoir organization!
Ho furthor states that thc minors aro
in thc habit of taking unexpected holidays and tying thc boats and scows up'
nt the whnrf for days at a timo, thereby increasing tho expense of getting
coal into tho mnrkct. I prosumo that
when such assertions nre proven false
ho will find some other excuse thnt will
avail to nppeaso tho wrath of tho frot*
ful peoplo of "Vancouver nnd New Westminster, who are wickedly kicking
against the high prico of coal.
Tho fact is that the mines horo have
always been behind tho times, nnd tho
causo is not difficult to flnd. Tho superior qunlity of the coal produced hero
has always put it in a market by itself,
nnd tho compnnies hnvo invariably had
an ample quantity of tho ohoapcBt kind
of labor—whito, yellow nnd black—to
draw from. Theso two oircumstnnccs
have tended to strangle tho necessity of
or incentive to improved methods of
production.    They hnvo nlso afforded
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 GranvUle Street
619 Hastings Street West
SHOP AT
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Not-a-Seod  Raisins,   tb  15c
Huninaid Raisins, 2   Idb  2Bc
Orange and Lemon Fool, Ib  350
Shelled Almonds,   Ib  56c
Shelled Walnuts, lb  550
DesBeoated  Cocoanut,   n SOo
Largo PrunoB,   lb  16c
Canadian Cheose,   It)  30c
Mince Meat, 2 lbs. for ..*  26c
Finest No.   1 Alberta Butter, 2   tba.
for    -  95c
Alberta Special Butter, 3   tba. 11.46
Finest Pure lard, 2  lbs. for   66c
Slator's Tea,   tb  SOo
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830 Granville St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
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DEMAND
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tho conditions requisite to the crushing
of nil efforts of the miners to organise
and push to success tho introduction of
improved conditions of labor and the
improved technical and mechanical development that always accompanies
such labor advance.
In thoir anxiety, or should I Bay, insanity, to crush all efforts of the miners
to advance and progress, the owners
have always gone to any extreme to
smother this progressive spirit. They
have employed Bowser, with his glorious "Beventy-twa';" they have dragged the overcrowded labor market for
its lowest and cheapest dregs and scum,
in order to boat the real miners in their
offorts to lessen tho pressure of their
chains and attain to a greater degree
of comfort and manhood. And by sueh
tokens has the backward and reactionary management of the mines been compelled to pluck coal from the nearest
nnd easiest places possible in order to
mako the coal owners and masters believe that the goods wero 'being successfully produced with scab labor of
the cheapest kind. But that sort of
labor, though both docile and cheap, is
not productive. It will, as a rule, meekly stand for the arrogant domination
ond scurrilous abuse which bosses dearly lovo to heap upon the victims of their
briof nuthority nnd insolent power. It
will seldom revolt or retaliate, no matter how insolent tho abuse or severe
the lash, but such low grade bosses and
equally low grade workmen ate incapa-
bio of bringing forth the maximum of
production for their common master,
capital. It. is then up to the attornoys
and iipologists of cnpital to weave
plausible excuse for tho deficiency. The
Thompsons and such like then get busy.
Tho plucking nf coal, from tho near
and easy places referred to, with low-
grado und, incxperiencofl labor, of
course brings with it quite logical results. Sinking top, cave-ins, bad track,
bad ventilation, accidents and sickness,
follow in swift procession, until men
can no longer work steadily under such
conditions without practically committing suicide. But notwithstanding these
conditions, tho miners here are a very
steady bunch of men. Quite a number
of them fully realize their true position
in the capitalist scheme of thingB. Thoy
know that they are robbed out of all
that they produce, and that the trick iB
turned upon them at the point of production. Consumer's squabbles und
belly uches ovor prices have littlo interest for them.
As to tho holidays referred to by
Mr. Thompson, let nwj say that I am
sure the miners here work eleven days
per fortnight. Whilo it may be true
that some do not work that much, there
are others who aro continually breaking
tho law by working more than the legal
eight hours per day. I wish to Bay,
that it is noxt to impossible for men to
work steady ■ in many places in the
mines here. As to "unexpected holidays '' at this camp, I wish to say tha*
tho minors hero have not had a singlo
collective holiday here, as far as I am
ablo to learn sinco that big one we had
in 1912, which it will be remembered,
lusted for two years. I would liko to
see one declared for May 1, 1918, and
observed by overy worker as an expression of tho solidarity of lubor throughout the capitalist world.
Number five mine hero was closed
for quite a time after the long holiday,
for the installation of new and up-to-
date machinery. But the company,
true to its former principles, did the
work with the cheapest labor it could
find, with tho result that it is still un-
uble to produce the black diamonds in
as great quantity as it formerly did
with the old and out-of-date machinery
that waB manned and operated by skilled and first class labor. I am informed
that numbor four mine is turning out
less thun half of its formor output. But
the company still clings to its old rou-
tino of low wuges, low grade labor and
bitter hostility to labor organization
nnd collective bargaining.
Now a word or two as to prices.
When the peoplo of Vancouver and elsewhere know that tho miners are paid
the munificent sum of 84 cents per ton
for drilling, shooting and loading the
coal, besides soveral other littlo jobs,
they should be uble to see that it is not
tho extortionate price paid to the miners that is putting tho price of coal up
to $8 or $9 por ton. Thon, when they
uro told that tho price paid tho miners
for machine-mined coal is only 49 cents
per ton, still further illumination will
be thrown upon the matter of $8 and
$9 coal.
And they may be still furthor edifiod
when they are told that tho coal operators in Washington aro paying an aver-
ago of $1.50 moro per day in wages,
and receive from $2.00 to $3.00 por ton
less for their coal in the San Francisco
market, than the operators on Vancouver Island.
But still tho companies are uot altogether to blame for this interesting
situation. The miners themselves who
arc refraining from supporting their
economic orgnnization, oither through
apathy or cowardice, aro just as responsible as tho coal companios. In
thus lugging behind without any advantage lo either themselves or their follows, they becomo mere stumbling
blocks in the pathway of progress. Although the prosont labor organizations
arc not a panacea for all the economic
ills that wago slave flesh is heir to,
thoy are at least somo shield of proton*
und protection ngninst tho tyrannies of
petty bosses. Thoy afford ut least some
barrier against the over-growing tendency of capitalism to foreu a tower
standing of living upon the victims of
its brutalizing rule.
It is at times almost discouraging to
realize the apathy and indifference of
tho great mass of sieves to the voice
and protest of tho fow nmong thom
who hnvo the intelligence and courage
to not only sound tho coll for action,
but plunge fearlessly into tho fray.
While the few keep pegging away at
the seemingly hopeless task, tho vast
majority of the slaves remain donf,
dumb and blind to tbe call of domoc-
rncy and progress and plod stupidly and
blindly along fighting and voting for
tho class thnt rules and robs them. Like
unto the faithful dog, they still "lick
the hand that wields the lash," upon
their slavish backs.
But tho courageous few cannot afford
to shirk their task, no matter how hard
it may be. Conditions are ever becoming harder for the slaves of class rule.
Somo day thoy will be compelled to
awake and act in sheer self defonco.
Self-presorvation will compel thom to
net as a class in defenso of thoir common needs. Capitalism will then bo
face to face with tho flght of his life.
And that day is swiftly drawing noor,
or nil signs upon tho soeial horizon fail.
All 1 ■ rail that Igad dny whon labor shall
havo come into its freedom nnd fool
controllers and all othor ruling class
jokes are no longer tolerated and perpetrated upon tho stage of human history.
I
!1
Domineering: Manner of the
Manager Is One Prime
Reason for Trouble
%l Tho Pross Gnng starts its work in
Cnnndn noxt weok. Lay on McDuffI
H'h whnt tho denr "poeplo" votod for.
Efforts Are to Be Made to
Get Strike-breakers in
Vancouver
PRINCE RUPERT, Dec. 24.—The arrogance of Manager Pillsbury of the
drydock at this point is resulting in considerable trouble and thie union labor
employed on the dock has gone on
strike on account of the employment
of a foreman who is unfair to organised
Labor. When tho men protested
against this, Pillsbury as much aB told
them to go to the dovil and said he
could get ull the men ho wanted in
Vancouvor. Ho has not been succosb-
ful in fulfilling this boast yet.
Pillsbury alone has been the cause
of discontent among .the men at tbe
drydock for his domineering manner.
For tho past twelve months he haB been
making trouble and a lot of the mischief which is traceable to him could
bc undone by his summary removal
from the position he occupies. Pillsbury has no uso for any member of
organized Labor or for any man who
will ask for a living wage. All his actions in the present case, and previously, go to show this is a fact.
It is understood thnt Pillsbury will
try to start Japs on tho work.
In the machine shops connected with
tne drydock the men are receiving 50
cents an hour and the helpers only 40
cents por hour. Tho master mechanic
ic acting ob assistant manager. The
men are demanding a scale of $6 a day
which, in light of the high cost of living at this pluce, is none too much.
Official Vote in Vancouver Centre
Stevens   8,06£
Mclnnes    5,164
Pritchard       f~"
Steven's majority   2,1
Official Vote for Vaneoaver South
Coopor  4,860
Macdonald  2,360
McVety   1,130
Gold        40
Total 8,3
Org. "Billy" Dunn Becomes an Editor
"Billy" Dunn, an old-time Vancouver trado unionist, who for yearB wbb
identified with the Electrical Workers'
union in the capacity of business agent
and district organizer, has broken into
the Labor newspaper game at Butte,
Montana. He iB prosident of the Bulletin Publishing Co., and, in a letter
to Tho Foderntionist, says that if he
gets an ovon break he expects to make
a success of tho undertaking. The hu-
man animal is a hopeful cuss. But, at
that, The Fed. extends congratulation"
and hopos W. F. will have the success
he so deservedly merits, and is looking
forward to the recoipt of tho first copy
of tho new publication.
<J Thc "poople" have ratified Bordon's policy of profiteering. On with
the dance! Let there bo nn protost
from tho victims.
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Replete in every detail
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41 Hutlngi Otroet Wut
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UNDERTAKERS
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Telephone Seymou 8428
Leckie
Boots
During tho year 1018 and succeeding years", no matter what
your occupation, remember
thero's a LECKIE BOOT to meet
your needs.
And remember also that Leckie
Footwear is mado in Vancouver
by Vancouver workmon, spending
their payroll right hore amongst
us all.
Happy New Year
Great Sale of Men's Boots
Values to $9.50 Selling for
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makers as the Slater Shoe Company,
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the Emporium Co., Limited
614 Bower Bldg.
Phone Sey. 3223
543 Granville Stnet
Vaneoaver, & C
A Sensible New Year's Resolution
---Have attention given to your teeth
STABT the year right—see that your teeth are in proper condition.   It moans comfort, freedom of mind and assurance, to a
grout degree, of health and good appearance
CALL at ray offlce Mme dty thie weak md IM mt examine yoar
teeth.   I can then advise yon as to whether taay need attrition and, if so, tha heat method of remedying the defects.
All work done will be based on my reasonable charges and the use
of thc beat matorials.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Ordtm and Bridge •pedaMst
2 Hastings Street Weat, Cor. Seymour r
OSes Olssea Dally et a p.sl
X-B>7 Una taken If necessary;   10-jeat  manatees
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Examinations   mads   en
phons appointments.
SHORTCOURSE
—IN—
Agronomy and
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—OFFERED BY—
The College of Agriculture,
University of British Columbia
January 8th to January 18th, 1918
This combined course is especially planned to meet
the needs of those who desire concentrated information on soils, crops, feeds and live-stock.
Every afternoon is devoted to practical demonstration and judging. Lectures are reduced to a
minimum.
For full information and programme, address:
The Registrar,
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Vancouver, B. C.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
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If you want to go back to the land, write
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LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C. OmOIAL    PAPEB    VANCOUVER
TBADES   ADD   LABOB   OOUKOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OPPIOIAL   PAPEB   BEITISH   COLUMBIA  PEDEBATIOa  Of   LABOB
NINTH YEAR.   No. 52
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 28, 1917~
/la Vaneonnr\
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NEW TEETH ... GOOD HEALTH ... LONG LIFE
There is no sense in going around feeling seedy because
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Dr. Lowe replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that in
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IT WILL PAY YOU TO SEE DR. LOWE TODAY
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, arc reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
Opposite Woodward's Big Store
108 Hastings St. W.     (Oor. Abbott)    Phone Sey. 5444
START THE NEW YEAR with
WELL STOCKINGED FEET
$2.50
Puro Silk Hose in black, white
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Italian puro Silk Hose, black,
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Phoenix puro Silk Hose, black,
whito or colors; per pair-
$1.35
Phoenix pure Silk Hose in black
with   white   clocks,   or   vice
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por pair	
Fibre Silk Hoao iu black, white
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The samo in a choapor      AC_\_%
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THE SILK SPECIALISTS
! OBANVILLE STBEET
We Extend td Our Patrons
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The comprehensive HAT stock we are
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CHOICE SOFT FELTS and DERBIES at
the same consistent and moderate figures—
J3.60 to 16.00
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VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bond.   Phone 819.
HAMMOND, P. O.i Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
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FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Trait and Ornamental Trees and Shrubi, Pot Plants, Seedi,
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Main Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
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Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
DR. W. J. CURRY
301 DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINOS STREETS
BINS UP SEYMOUR 2364 FOB APPOINTMENT
WE WILL KEEP TOUR FAMILY ON THE PAYROLL
WHEN YOUR NAME DROPS OFF
THE MONARCH  LIFE ASSURANCE CO.
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Phone Sey. 6770 for appointment und wo will arrange samo for your
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Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
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Alexandra Stout
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All the above brands are brewed and bottled by union workmen.
THE PURE ESSENCE OP BARLEY AND HOPS
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Vancouver Breweries, Limited
I CONSCRIPTION
AUSTRAUA
Labor Fought With Back to
Wall Against Hughes
Autocracy
In Spite of All Obstacles
the Proposed Infamy
Was Defeated
From Tho Fedorationist Australian correspondent, Mr. W. Francis Ahorn, of
Sydney, N. S. W., and from dispatohos
from tho scat of war, tho following
story of the recont conscription campaign iu the land of the Southom Cross
is uvuilablc. "Many of tho incidents of
the campaign aro Htraugely remindful
of tho intrigue aud roguery that marked tho recent olection campaign in
Canada, and afford a moat convincing
proof of the close bond of kinship existing between the rulers of the Australian commonwealth and those of this
great Dominion. It will bo romombored
that the conscription schemo was defeated a year ago, when the referendum waa taken by a majority of ovor
70,060. Emphatic assurances were made
by tho premier—Hughes, the ex-tinker
—and members of hia government, that
no further efforts would be tnude to
bring conscription about. But like all
othor assurances of rulers and their
tools this proved to bo of no valuo.
Tha Bolt from the Blue
On Nov. 7 the decision waa taken by
the govornment that another resort to
tho referendum should be made for the
purpose of satisfying the military beast
by conscripting food for its cannon.
This docision cume like a bolt from the
blue, and five days later, Nov. 12, Pre*
mier Hughes outlined hia proposals for
the fight. Matters had been kept ao
quiet and everything had been done
with such secrecy, that the people were
completely taken by surprise. They had
next to no warning of what waa coming.
Some Democracy
The referendum waa to be taken under a regulation of that flne old instrument of domocracy—the War Precautions Act—since it waa rumored that
tho Hughes government feared to faoe
parliament and ask for sanction by the
ordinary constitutional means. It appears that in war time, government haa
the power to do aa it likes, even to
pushing anything on the people without
referring it to them, as in the case with
a referendum.
Getting Is the line Work
No sooner waa it announced that the
referendum was to be takon than it
was also announced that the electoral
rolls would close on a couple of days'
notice, thus prohibiting people from
getting en the list, who had changed their residences since the last election. It is calculated that in this way
no less than 100,000 people have been
disfranchised, as those who move in bad
times usually do so under stress of circumstances, and mainly belong to the
working class, it is safe to say that that
such disfranchised people are all opposed to conscription. Another iniquitous
law was introduced under the War Precautions Aet. This was that any one
who was born in an alien country, although naturalized as an Australian,
would not bo allowed to vote. Not only
that, but thoir children were refused
the right to vote. Under thiB club no
loss than 50,000 were disfranchised. As
they had largely come from Germany
nnd Austria, and similar military ooun-
trios in order to escape conscript conditions there, it waB reasonably certain
that they would not vote for conscription in Australia. Hence they were
stricken from the rolls. It will thua be
seen that fully 150,000 votes were
wiped out that would havo almost certainly boon cast against conscription. And that iB tho only roason they
wero struck off. But tho workers were
still hopeful and determined to put up
a game fight. They woro not dishenrt-
onod although the premier—the unspeakable  Hughes—evidently  felt  so
SEMI-READY SUITS
They fit you and satisfy
your idea of what good
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With wool still soaring in
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means the cost of the suit
when the wool was bought
over a year ago.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
save thut he had the immortal cinch
upon winning, that ho openly ataked his
politicnl job upon thc outcome. If defented, he was to get out of offlce, but
word hns not yet been flushed over the
wires thnt he has done so, although his
defont wns unmistakably emphatic and
ovor whelming.
Put Up a Good right
But Laber put up a yarae flght, In
.spite of all handicaps, nnd umong which
tt shortuge of finance wns by no means
the least, millions of leaflets and pamphlets were distributed. The country
was literally flooded with thom. Thousands of dollars were raised and expended in tho work. Party papers
brought out special editions galore. The
giant "Austrnlian Worker''—Australia's premier Labor paper—brought out
three editions per week, instead of tho
usual weokly edition, —
Writers and Speakers
AU tho leading writers and speakers
who took part iu the conscription flght
of 1916, wore lined up for thia fight.
The heaviest fighting was in Now South
Wales, whore a majority of 120,000 was
givon in 1910 ngainst eonsonptton. It
was this majority that really defeated
conscription in AustraUa at that time.
The consuriptioniats in this campaign
recognized that their only chanco to
win lay in carrying New Houth Waloa.
Upon this point thoy trained their heaviest artillory. Boobo, editor of the
Australian Worker, and by long odds
Australia's leading journalist, Cassidy,
Ahern, Cruikshank, (all of tho Worker
staff), wero givon loading positions in
engaging the conscriptiouiats, and judging by tho Utorature thoy turned out,
and the valiant work they did they
mado evon a greater record for themselves and for the Labor cause than
they did in tho campaign of 1916. Tho
Australian Labor party which directed
the light, formed itself into aoparato
coratuitteoa to handle tho organization,
finances ,Iiterature and speaking teams.
Organization for battle was nover bettor
and that, no doubt, largely accounts for
the rosult.
The Conscript Proposals
The proposals at this time wore for
an irreduciblo minimum of 7000 recruita
per mouth. It was proposed that voluntary recruiting should go ou just the
same, but that tho difference to be made
up waa to be drawn by ballots. At the
present time recruiting is around .2500
per month, so if thia did not increase it
would mean the drawing of 4500 per
month to make up the deficiency. Tho
ballots were to be drawn from all single
men between 20 and 44 years of age,
or from widowers and divorcees without children. Married men were not to
bo included) but one needs only to remember wbat happenod in England and
New Zealand, where the samo promise
was made in rogard to married men, to
fully understand what would probably
happen in AustraUa had the conscription infamy won out at the polls. It is
not a matter of record that any government's word, and especially that of a
military autocracy, was evor anything
but a "acrap of paper" to be torn up
at will.
Tbe Exempted Ones
Under the procious provisions of the
contemplated infamy, sky pilots were, of
course, to be exempted, presumably for
tho purpose of preventing the devil
from grabbing the country while the
conscripts wore away chasing the Kaiser around the European block for the
good of his immortal soul. Those who
are possessed of conscientious objections to fighting woro also to be exempted, presumably along the same
Christian linea followed in Great Brituin, Canada and the United Statos.
Judges, poUco, politicians nnd such like
necessary aad brainy persons, were also
to bo allowed to remain safely at home
to dofend "law and order" ngainst the
reckless assaults of tho women, children
and old men who would be left behind
after the country had been cleared of
all that was found fit for cannon fodder.
A lot more similar piffle and bunk was
also promised in order that the proposed infamy should be held clearly within
the lines of a safe and sano "democracy," and not allowed to usurp tho
prerogatives of a brutal and insolent
autocracy. AH of which is not altogether unknown to dwellers in Canada,
this favored land having been recently
treated to unlimited guff and piffle along
the same lines.
The Scheme Meets with Defeat
But in Bpite of all their well laid
plans, the conscriptianiats went down to
defeat. Unless thero ia an overwhelming majority in favor of the delectable
scheme to come out of the soldier vote
upon the bloody fields of Europe, the
conscriptionist goose ia finally cooked iu
Australia. The majority against it in
Australia is greater than it was in 1916.
As the soldier vote gave a good major*
ity ngainst it in 1916, it is hardly likely that it will go the other way at the
present time. Real democrats do not
change their political coats juat becauso they fall evon temporarily into
tho clutches of a military autocracy.
Tho military beast can only uso those
for its purpose, who have boon designod
by the creator for such use. Men may
and no doubt will, go forth and flght
for any cause they may deem worthy of
their support, and still remain men,
Men will novor, howover, surrender
their liberty—which is their manhood—
at the behest of autocracy and tyranny,
no matter how vile. At least they will
novor do it willingly. Thore might be
something in the way of inspiration to
be drawn from the splendid action of
the Australians in so emphatically turn*
ing down the conacription scheme now
for the second time. But it is hardly
to be expected that Canadian and
American labor can draw inspiration
from the incident. This type is Btill
too tamo and obedient to the wishos of
its mastors to be able to assimilate auch
hearty inspirational food as tnat. It
needs tho stomachs of real men to handle such nourishment.
Record Meeting*
During the campaign, Labor hold record meetings throughout Australia.
The conscriptlonlat8 held no outdoor
meetings. All their meetings were hold
within doors, and with plenty of police
protection. Admission wan only by
ticket. They evidently dared not face
the open crowds, and that which fears
the light of opon day should moot with
defeat and undoubtedly will. At any
rate, Australian democracy had done nobly in upholding the banner of Labor,
against the brutal assault of tyranny
and autocracy. The samo might be
aald for Canadian domocracy only, as
Rid Hopkins might say, "there ain't,
never no iuch thing, nohow."
LABOR TEMPLE IS
Y.M.C.A. Is Asking City for
Grant of $120,000 to Aid
New Building
A Far-lesser Sum Would Be
of Great Avail in Saving
the Home of Labor
The city council has opportunity to
do a great good in the community by
coming to the rescue of tho Lnbor Templo building whicli needs about $15,000.
The Labor Temple is the home of organized Labor and is doing a great
gftod in tho community vy promoting
community spirit of the real sort. With
in the ofiices of tho building aro business agents who keep in touch with
labor conditions and find occupations
for thoso who need work which could
not be obtained by any othor organization, not excepting the T. M. C. A.
which is an institution which occasionally provides jobs of the poorest kind
for its membership and, as compared
with tho Home of Organised Labor, is
of littlo practical uso in the community.
Tho Y. M. C. A. is asking tho city
to provide $120,000 to add to a sum
to bo gathorod by public subscription
for the complotion of the building
which has stood in au undressed Btate
owing to tho failure of its promoters
to raise the nocossary money.
If tho Y. M. C. A. is a reUgious or*
ganization, which it is reported to be,
it does not scorn just right, in light
of the fact that there are many other
religious institutions, or churches,
which, in light of tho work they ave
doing for tho good of the community,
have as much right to ask grants from
the city as tho Y. M. C. A. has. However, these institutions instead of being
nssisted out of the public purae as the
Y. M. 0. A. is asking, contribute to
that purse themselves in their payments of taxes. The Y. M. C. A. receives many favors at the hands of the
peoplo of Vancouvor, Now it asks to
be allowed to dip its hands into the
public treasury for the purposo of adding to tho capital which it intends to
use to complete tho heme it commenced
to build some years ago, but which it
did uot raise money sufficient to coi
pletc.
While tho Y. M. C. A. may not be
totally exempted from its tax obligations, tao granting of any sum of money
out of the public purse to this institution would be just the same as discriminating in its favor against other
religious organizations which pay their
taxes quite reguarly, no doubt, and do
not, nsk that thoy be given public
grants as uu offset or for any other
charitable purpose. If tho city should
grant tho requost of the Y. M. C. A.
it will, reasonably, be opening the door
to the ordinary church to UBk civic
grants to help defray its running expenses or now building construction
which it may contomplato. As between the two, the Y. M. C. A. is an
institution only partly dovoted to religious training, while thc churches de-
vole all of their onergies to thiB ob'
jeet, as well as form in themselves circles for the community good, not excepting tho location of jobs for its
needy members.
The Labor Tomplo is an institution
for practical good in the community
nnd provides from itB local organizations the man-power necessary to keep
the city's industrios going. And this
without a cent from the city in the
nature of a donation. The Labor Tem*
plo hns woathercd tho storm of financial stringency caused by tho collapsed
boom and tho war coming on, but it
is now in a position where an advance
from the civic purse would go a long
ways toward keeping it out of the
hands of the receiver, Tho civic fathers would be aiding an institution
which is a more valuable community-
builder than' any ,Y. M. 0, A. could
possibly be, and would be lending ita
aid to saving a going institution instead of contributing to the erection
of a new homo for an institution which
subsists on charity almost altogether
and whose practical service to the community ia not comparable with the
Labor Temple,
Next Machinists' Meeting
The next meeting of Machinists'
local No. 777 will bo held at 2:30 p.m.,
January 5.
Buy EmpreBB Coffee now, in
the sanitary, double-lined weather-proof bag.
By using this form of package
instoad of the tin containers as
formerly we save you 10 cents
per pound,
EMPRESS
COFFEE
If it isn't satisfactory, take it
back to your grocer and get year
money back.
"We Make All We Sell-We
Sell All We Make"
That's our Slogan and it should be of
more than passing interest to everyone
in Vancouver.
Ladyware is an institution—an industry—employing many Vancouver people
making up STYLISH MAN-TAILOKED
GARMENTS FOB LADIES in its own
factory in Vancouver.
There is no necessity for buying foreign-made Suits and Coats when Ladyware designers give you the latest metropolitan models in all the newest fabrics
and colors.
Be loyal to Home Products—BUY
LADYWARE COATS AND SUITS.
NOTE: Our heartiest thanks uro extended to
those who have helped to make 1917 u satisfactory business year with us. To ono and all wo
wish Tho Compliments of the Season—A Happy
and Prosperous New Yoar.
Opp. Drysdale's
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply of household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use day
or night—you can take prompt action in case of illness or injury. And a little attention when the first symptom develops
often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See ub. We carry a full line of drugs and proprietary medicines, and offer them at the lowest prices,
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Gut Rate Dm ggists
MAIN STORE:
MS Hastings St. W. Phones Bay. 1965 A 1966
BBANOH STOKES:
7 Hustings Street West Seymour 3532
Seymour 7013
Bay. 2314 ft 17440
782 OranviUe Street
2714 Oranvillo Street
412 Main Street
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 2032
High. 236 & 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service ai
our over our counter.  Address 407 Hastings Street West.
We've a Happy New Year
For Everybody
On our part we enter the New Year with a firm determination to discount our past efforts at every point, in keeping this
shoe store the best and most satisfactory shoe store in this
vicinity.
Make this store Your Shoe Store during thc coming year.
The Ingled'ew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
The British Columbia
Electric Railway Co.
WISHES ITS PATRONS
A Happy New Year
and hopes during 1918 to have the continued
co-operation of the public to the end of better service and a greater and more prosperous Vancouver.
Think, Then Judge
DO YOU KNOW-
Ihut the west end passenger helps pay for the ride of the
South Vancouver passenger?
That the rush-hour passenger helps pay for the slack-hour
passenger?
That' 'owl'' trafflc can nover pay under any circumstances?
That such balancing of fares, the strong helping the weak,
haa formed many permanent features in our daily life?
That there would he slums, higher death rate, less pleasure
and amusement and general disruption If that delicate balance were upset?
Theso statements are made only to draw to your attention
tko intricacies of the street railway system and to suggest
ta you an offort to understand the transportation problems
bofore ooadetoaing a company for conditions not of its own
Mllkilg.
U^CS^cckic aaaam
VRtDAJ. ...... December 28, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
WEEK OF DECEMBEB 31
A Seal Sensation
"KICK
IN"
,      Suaranteed one of the greatest
plays we have presented.
—DON'T MISS IT—
Pricea-15c, SOe, 40c
HEALTH INSURANCE
PROPOSAL MI
IN
\
ORPHEUM
WBBK Of P80HMBBB 31
ALAN BROOKS
]■ Ml newest comedy-drftmelet, "Dol*
Ure and Berne."
BL8A BUEOOER AND HER
OOMPANT
The Munioal Comedy Girl,
CLARA HOWARD
Keller—MACK AND EARL—Anna
Jae»-rKINO AND HABVEY—Morton
ALASKA DUO
TOOTS PAKA
Matinee:  lie. 200, 30c, 66c.
(Except Holiday Matlneea)
Evening:  160, 30c, 40c, 66c, 80c.
Medical Man Points Out the
Poverty and Distress
Due to Sickness
COLUMBIA
Thursday, Friday and
Saturday
Transcontinental   Vaudeville
4- BIO AOTS-4
Beat Feature Pictures
Extra Added Attractions
Bex Beach's Best Story
'THE AUCTION BLOCK'
No Advance in Prices
15c  Children 5c 20o
Continuous noon  till 11
WAGES
NEXT WEEK
WILSON'S LIONS
Continuous performance New Tear's
S.30, 7 and 9     Oen. Adm. 15c and 30c
PRINTING
COWAN ll BBOOKHOVIB
Labor Temple Preaa    Mr- MM
TELEPHONE   YOUB   NBW   TEAR
OBEET1NOS
Wilh your friendi a Happy New
Teat I Do It personally, over the
telephone I
There la no more pleasant message
than one ol good will, expressed ver*
tally. You think o( yonr friends
eonstantly, but do you always express
yonr kind thoughts in' words!
Extend them New Tear greetings
aver the telephone. The farther away
they are the more pleased will they
ba to hear your voice.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT, LTD
-rUDEEATIONIST PHONB-
SBT. 7495
AFTER 8 p.m.—SET. 7497K
EL DOR]
For Sale
Everywhere
The
Cigar
They
All
Know
and
Like
McLEOD,
NOLAN *
OOMPANT,
London, Canada.
D.J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
and Tnkon.
3118 Alberta It
VANCOUVEB,
BO.
Some Startling Figures On
the Terrible Cost of
"Human Slavery
|By L. E. Dennison]
TORONTO, Ont., Doc. 22.—Dr. C. J.
Hastings, medical health officer of Toronto, recently outlined a proposal for
health inBuranco for the people of this
city, givine aB u reason for the pro*
posal that 76 por cent, of all distress
and poverty in this city was caused by
sickness. Dr. Hastings believes that
Ontario municipalities should be given
permission to inauguarate health insurance, and that Toronto should take the
load in tho movement. Working women
as working hion would bo insured
against sicknoss. Maternity and funeral
benefits would be provided. The cost
would bo met by joint contributions by
the insured employee, his employer and
tho stato. The vory man who now goes
without-adequate medical attention is
the one who needs it most, namely, the
workman, who often feels that ho cannot afford a doctor. Tho better paid
or salaried man usually receives his
salary whilo sick, .The workman in
most eases does not. It is truo that in
somo trades thoro is a small sick benofit,
and death beneAt, but that while it
helps out is inadequate. The other
bonciicinrics of .labor—tho employor
and the state—should each bear a part.
He feels that it is bad onough to be
without pay for tho period of his ill-
ness, bo hesitates to incur doctors' bills.
Absoncc of earning powor and need of
monoy nro thus Mb double affliction.
Tho National Conservation commission
of the United Stales has calculated thot
at least 42 per cent, of tho deaths now
occurring in that country aro unnecessary, nnd that over 030,000 lives could
bo saved annually by applying oxisting
nnd known methods which would add
at least llftcon yours to the duration of
tho average human life.
Some Figures
The American Medical association estimates that only 5 per cent, of workmen needing insurance have it. Lloyd
(Jeorgo, iu introducing the Sickness Insurance bill in tho House of Commons,
snid that 30 per cont. of tho pauperism
iu Great Brituin was attributable to
sickness.
It has boon learned that tho average
loss of time among somo 30,000,000
workers in Europe und Amorica, through
illncsB, is nino dnys a your. At a timo
loss of $2.00 por duy, U for doctor's
foes nnd attendance, this givos for tho
150,000 workers iu Toronto an economic loss of jvor $4,000,000 a your.
'Firo insuranco has led us to tho uso
of slow-burning materials in construction; murine insurance has led to safety at sea—and dealing with safety devices for machinery, safety devices for
ears, otc, snfcty-llrst laws regarding
travel, and the going about of our
daily work. Thc law provides care and
compensation for poople hurt in an accident. If ono has tho small-pox or
othor highly infectious disease, ho is
promptly tukon to tho isolation hospital. This iB not charity, it is common-
sense methods of dealing with things
ns thoy are.
Need a Labor Controller
Then, again, tho war has made a
dearth in tho world's supply of labor.
For a gonoration at least, labor will
bo the scarcest commodity in tho
world, and all means should be taken
to conserve it. With compulsory health
insurance, the insured paying part, tho
particular industry paying part, and tho
statc^part, all threo aro equally concerned with health problems. First,
long hours of labor would tend to disappear, as it is woll known that thc
output lessens ns the hours of labor
nro prolonged in a direct ratio, and
thot the groator proportions of nccidents occur lute in tho day, or whon
tho workor is fatigued. Bettor workrooms nnd moro healthful surroundings
would bo provided. Thoro would bo
n direct incentive to A 4o boo thot B
provided sanitary and agreoablo workrooms if A was continually being called
upon to pay henlth insuranco, on B's
employees who were sick from working
in unwholesome places, and lnstly, the
state would havo a direct interest in
seeing that tho law was lived up to in
this regard.
Health insurnnce is a timely need for
constructive lcglBlntion. Tho Intornn*
tion Typographical' Union has gono on
record ns approving it, ns woll as several other internationals. The Bick
workman must no longer bo mado sicker by that most fatal of complications
known as worry—worry because wages
have suddenly ceased nnd oxponscs
doubled.
Some Penal Servitude ln Sight
Apparently the steel shipbuilding
boom, which took a spurt on tho decline
occo.
1. Parliament
O. Torcott
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABUS—
(Branawlek.Balke Collender Oo.)
—Htadq.uart.rs for Bales Haa—
Union-mad.   Tobaccos.   Cigars   aad
Cigarettes
Oalf White BMp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
of munition making, ia here to stay!.
The Poison's Iron WorkB (which had
the misortane to havo a 4200,000 Are
recently) have contracts which will
keep them busy for two years, night
and day, and have about closed contracts which will carry them on four
years more. They have just built a 5,-
568-ton steamer besides many smaller
boats.' Before tbe war they employed
460 men, they now have 1,3)0. The
Thor Iron Works, with 400 men, have
built ocean-going vessols to the ton*
nago of 7,900—equal to half the total
output for tbe Dominion for 1915. The
Canadian General Electric Company hat
contracted for the building of four
ocean-going freighters of 3.500 tons
each, to be completed by 1918. These
threo firms will turn out a tonnage
three times greater than tho whole of
Canada for 1915. Tho shipbuilding industry in Toronto, took care of some
400 men before the war, now.there are
more than 2,000.
Revenue Gotten for Nothing
The Toronto Trades and Labor Council at a recont meeting unanimously
pnssed a resolution calling upon the
Dominion governmont to nationalize all
of the railways in tho country. Dur
ing tho dobato on tue question it was
made clear that the governmont ought
to tako over other roads paralleling tho
C.N.R. in certain parts of Its courso;
that tho outlay of somo $60,000,000 in
buying tho C. N, R. waa more in thd
nature of, a speculation than an investment, owing to tho uncertainty of its
earning power; that the taking over
of nil the railways would be m tho
naturo of an investment, and from the
outset the intorost on bonds and the
sinking fund would be guaranteed from
revenue and the citizens would .not be
taxed directly or indirectly to meet,
tho interest and sinking fund.
Wisdom of Small Investors
The latest returns from the numbers
of subscribers to the recent Victory
Loan gives the number of subscribers
as 782,714, or one in every ton of tho
population. Tho record had previously
held by Great Britain, with ono in
ovory 23, with the United States record
with one in >ovcry 27. Somo record
that! France, I bolieve, was tho first
country of modern times to popularize
the small loan to the government, and
when the Iron Chancellor thought that
Franco would bo crushed undor tho
huge indemnity of $1,000,000,000, sho
paid it out of tho small savings of her
people. This gave the peoplo a direct
interest in the government—thoy had
their money invested in it. The samo
truth holds good today in all the Allied nations where there have been tho
so-called popular loans to tho government.
A Question Easy to Answer
Dr. George W. Coleman, of Boston,
Mnss., head of tho Northern Baptist
eonvention, speaking in Dotroit, paid
to orgnnized Labor a deserved tribute.
Among other things the reverend doctor said: "I believe that this war will
determine the influence of the church.
If'wo work.quickly nnd efficiently now
wb will create an influence for tho
church greater than it has ever on-
joyed. If we delay we are likely to
lose our influence for nil timo. Why
hns the church left to labor unions and
sociologists the operation of the principles of .Tesus Christ in the matter
of political nnd economic evils and
other questions thnt concern mnnkind
as a whole, rnther thnn men as individuals?"
Too Big for a Portfolio?
Senntor Gideon D. Robertson, of Welland, Ont., minister without portfolio
in tho Union government, is 43 years
old, and was born in Wainflcct town
ship, near Wetland. In 1802, when 18,
ho entered the service of thc G. T. R.
ns n telegrapher^ passing to the O. P.
R. in the same capacity. Nine years
ago he was -elected general chairman
of tho Order of Railway Telegraphors
on the C. P. R. In 1014 he was elocted
flrat vice-president of the order, and
hns been re-elected to thnt position
every yenr since. During tho time he
hns been in thc offices of the general
chairman the membership of tho order
on the C. P. R. hns doubled and tho
finances placed in n highly satisfactory
position. Last year he took part in
thc revision of a lnrge number of wage
schedules, which resulted in increases.
He is big mentally as well as physically, and is devoid of cant.
The Feminine Uplift
Tho Women's Auxilinry CorpB of
Great Britain hns some 10,000 women
in the field. They arc clerkB, motor
drivers, cooks, sanitary work and all
sorts of domestic service; in fact in
ovory sort of work except tho actunl
fighting. In cooking, as waitresses and
in Bnnitnry work they give even more
sntisfnctiou than the men. It is now
proposed to give womon a greater share
in the wnr work, and tho national service department wants to enroll 10,000
a month hereafter for service in  tho
Hold.
Instructing Uncle Bam
Thc United States has profited greatly in hor wnr work by the mistakes of
thc Allies, nnd it is being urged^thnt
they adopt some of tho British regulations in this regard. Tho British situation is Hiun'marized aa follows:
"Under tho Munitions of War act
strikes arc illegal. Tho employee or employer responsible for a ccsastion of
work lays himself open to serious penalty. The shifting of labor from establishment to establishment has boon regulated by a system of licenses. Competition for labor by different employors
is regulntod in largo part by tho Defense
of the Realm act, which prohibits both
enticement of labor and the uso of
labor in an uneconomic way, such as
holding labor for future contracts or
using a skilled man on a machino which
a less skilled man could operate.
Twenty-four Hours the limit
"No official regulations exist in England as to hours of labor, except limitation on the timo givon to work per
wook by fomalo labor. Tho matter is
dcalth with by means of ngreemont betwoen tho unions and Jthe employers'
federations. The normal tiours actually worked in England nmount in the
metal trades to about 54 to 50 per
week for mon, and 52 to 54 for women.
Everything Fixed Bftt a Haircut
"A Committee on Production moetB
every four months and considers claims
for wago advances and goneral conditions in niunition work. A bonus is
then determined upon to moot with as
much exactness ns possiblo the increased cost of living. Tho govornment
requires that all peoplo ongnged on munition work shnll bo pnid an ngreed
rate, which is fixed In the Inst analysis by the government. Other industries regulnte thoir own wage matters,
bat practically along tho samo linos.
Thoro is no parallel in England to prac*
SIGNS THAT REVOLT
IS BREWING IN
War Conditions Evidently
Germinating Seeds of
Revolution
Senile Decay of Capitalism
Conjuring forth the
Dread Spectre
[From the Literary Digest]
A profound shock haB been givon to
the most conservative country in the
world by the fiat atatement of the London Times that England ia upon the
verge of revolution. That great organ
of Britiah opinion roundly alleges that
sinister influences havo gained control
of the English trade unions and that
the workers (pre blindly following the
path which can lead only to revolution.   It saya:
"The bulk of the men do not understand, as we have said' before, whither
they aro being led. They do not understand that the successful advances of
money do them no good, but injure
others poorer than themselves through
the progressive depreciation of money.
Thoy certainly do not understand that
persistence in the present course will
jeopardize the successful issue of the
'. Some of the revolutionaries care
nothing about tho war; others want to
lose it. The working classes in general are, if possible, more determined
than any othor section of the population, nnd there is no reason to suppose
that tho miners, the railwaymon, and
those engaged on war industries—who
are the paritcular catspaws of the revolutionaries—are any less ' determined
than the rest. We bolieve that when
they realize tho effect of the presont
policy on tho war many at leaat will
tako different viewa.''
Many accurate observers aro inclined
to endorse the main thoBia of Tho
Times, that revolution is in the air, and
this conviction -hns evon penetrated into that stronghold of conservative seclusion, tho University of Oxford, for
wo find Dr. W. A. Spooner, tho venerable warden of the new college, ,writ-
ing to Tho Times:
"Thero can bo little doubt that thoro
oxists a certain amount of rather vnguo
and indefinite revolutionary fooling
among the working classes of tho country, nnd the principnl dnnger perhnps,
is thnt tho rovolutionnry workers believe themselves to be, and actually are,
supported by somo, at loast, of the
more intellectual classes who, I while
they Wave little constructive ability,
furnish them with arguments and
grounds of discontent againBt the existing stato of things. All thnt need bo
said on this head is that intellectual
people who take this line incur a vory
serious responsibility; blind guides lending tho blind, they arc likoly to fall
into tho ditch.
"Now, aa long as the war lastB, such
revolutionary movements as may exist
nre sure, I think, to be controlled nnd
prevented rom running into dangerous
oxtremes by the patriotism nnd good
sonso of the working classes themselves,
who have Bhown on the whole, under a
long stress, very great fortitude and
self-reBtraint. The danger point will
occur when tho wnr is over, when circumstances are almost certnin to arise
which will produce a very strained
situation between capital and Labor."
Tho Right Hon. G. N. BarneB, the
Lnbor momber of tbe British war cabinet, is vory angry nt tho suggestion that
his followers are tinged with revolutionary ideas, and in the London Evening Standard makes this downright
statement in tho course of a long article on tho Bubject:
"Statements which attribute working-class unrest to adherenco to revolutionary theories are untrue, and so far
pie with mere selfish ■ ends they are
monstrously magnified. In pre-wtr days
the same class of writers who have re-
cently beon lecturing the workers held
out to them the law of supply and demand as the very Alpha and Omen
of industrialism. Since 1914 the working people could have applied that economic law to the undoing of the community. To their everlasting credit, be
it said, they have not done so.
"Just what does the existing industrial unrest meant It means tbat an
educated democracy is not going to be
content with 'the position of subservience which has hitherto been assigned to Mt in 'the industrial world.
There are two main things whicb account for the unrest.' One is tbe question of status and the other ia the
question of wages, Of these two, the
chief, to my mind, is the first;. A man
is no longer content to occupy tne position of ,fetcher and carrier. He wants
to have a voice in determining the conditions under which he works day by
day. .. . In the main the industrial
unrest is legitimately inspired. Tbo
Bection of it that can not be ao described is neither great nor dangerous;
but it all'depends on the future conduct of affairs as to whether it will
become dangerous. On tbe whole, I do
not think it will, because there is an
evident desire to meet legitimate grievances and rectify them.''
The view of Labor, uninfluenced by
place or power, iB found in the London
Justice, "the organ of the Social Democracy," which in an article entitled
'' Revolution,'' aays:
"Never beforo in the history of
Great Britain was there such universal
distrust of ministers, politicians, and
parliament as exists today. It is quite
impossible to find anybody, outside our
governing intriguers and their cliques,
who has tho slightest confidence in our
leading mon either individually or collectively. We all know tbat Germany
ia on the down grade and the war will
bo won. But we laao know that if
the present administration can lose it
by its fatal procrastination, windbag-
gory, and inopitude—not to repeat much
uglier imputations which are freely
made all round in the street—then lost
it will Be.
Now this is a very serious position.
Never at any period did a nation stand
up to disaster, make all neoeaaary sacrifices suppress even moat justifiable
exaltation at the magnificent courage
and quality of its troops than England
has done "for the past forty montbs.
Never was any nation worse served by
itB political representatives of every
grade. ' Tot we are in a vicious circle
of perennial imbecility, from which apparently we can not break out. That
a complete revolution is needed, few
doubt.''
Justice, howover, does not think that
the hour for revolution has yet struck:
"What makes many who soe that a
drastic change is necessary hesitate to
help tbat change along, is the question.
Who is to tako the place of those who
are cleared outf In revolutionary
periods that question answers itself.
The hour produces the mon. There aro
many in tho trado unions of this country more capable than thoso now at the
head of our nffairs, if they would but
shake off thoir diffidence, exorcise their
imagination, and prepare themselves for
taking control of affairs instend of
merely ncoepting office. The view to
keep bofore us always is that the nation's resources must be organized on
the basis of uso nnd for the benefit
of tho whole people. It is usoless and
harmful to regard things from the point
of view of their money cost. That is
tho revolution that we want. Our timo
is not yot, but it is coming."
'ENTIRE STOCK OF
Men's Suits,
Overcoats and
Raincoats
SELLING AT REMARKABLE REDUCTIONS
ON SATURDAY
Save a fourth to a third,tomorrow on any Garment in the house.
Arnold & Quigley
S46 GRANVILLE STREET
Pmm AuUtsnti—No dtlefttti.
Piledriven—W. F. IronildM, M. Nub, W.
Campbell.
Plaiterera—No delegates.
Retail Clerki—No delegate!.
Railway  HaU  Clerki—No   delegltei.
Street Railway Employeei—J. Rigby, Kermode.
Structural Iron Worken—R. Manecar.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford, J.
Friend.
Ballon—W. 8. Burni.
Shoe Worken—No delegate!.
Stage Employee!—No delegatea.
Shipyard Labonn—M. Philpi, W. Hardy,
O. Kilpatrick.
Steam    Engineer!—W.    Alexander,     W.
Vsnghan.
Shipwright!—A. MeKenile, A. WaUfcauu.
R.Crockett, McAnlncb, A. Rofon, B. Ho-
Kenile.
8. 8. Dredgemen—No delegatea.
Tailora—H. Qntteridge. J. P. lUmrtk.
Treea.—W. R. Trottor, A. Jordan.
Tllelayen—No delegates.
Telegraphera—No delegate!.
Teamsten—J. F. Poole, B. Showier.
Total, 75.
tico here, where a carpenter engaged
on cantonment work frequently gots
moro than double the regular union
wages.''
War Only Essential Industry
Regarding the division of essential
nnd nonessential industries, tho Woll-
man firm makes this observation:
'' Broadly speaking, any industry
necessary for tho auccessful operation
of the array and navy is essential. In
many cases a plant is doing partly essential and partly nonessential work.
In such tt case only that part of tho
plant doing essential work is considered to be an essential industry; but
where it is difficult to draw a line of
division the entire plant comes practically under thie control of the ministry of munitions. Tho ministry hus on-
deavored to keep alive all tho industries it could, provided they did not interfere with wnr work.
Always Tame But Often Lasy
"To inauro continuity of supplies
and -enlargement of output for the winning of tho war, labor in England iB
holding- steadily to its tasks. This is
tho result of both patriotism -and of
war legislation. Theso things are necessary in this country. The matter is
illustrated in the coal industry hero.
rhe much higher pay which tbe miners
aro receiving haa resulted in increased
difficulty of production, for a man will
frequently Btop work for tho remainder of the week aftor threo or four days'
labor have brought him the wage which
normnlly required a wook to earn.
"So long as the minor is working on
a daily basis, this troublo is likoly to
continue. Tho working basis should bo
extended to a week, and a syBtem of
contracts should bo devised so that
lnbor will pledge itsolf to its task at
least for several months at a timo. Ia
this way definite production over such
a period could be relied upon.
"Such a plan could bo formulated
without neglecting tho fact thnt mining
work is both hazardous and exhausting.
Indeed, thiB condition haB already been
taken into consideration; working
hours are so adjusted na to toko into
account tho health of the miners. On
a weekly working buBin thore need bo
no interference with such arrangements.
Nor wo.ihl contracts for servico hnvo
to be too long to disturb the rights of
the wnge-enrners. What is eaaential Ib
that conl production bo not impeded."
as such statements chargo working poo-
OFFICIAL LIST OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNCIL MEETING
Attendance Boll Prepared by Statistician Fred. Knowles of Central
Labor Body
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch.
Brlcklayen—W.  Pipes,   W.   Dagnall.
Barben—8. H. Grant.
Bartenden—No delegates.
Bookbinders—No delegates.
Brewery Workeri—J. Pike.
Boiler Makers—W. Marshall,' M. McEac
hern, A. H. Kley, T. Tawkei, Young.
Baken—No  delegates.
Blacksmiths—R.  Spooner.
Butchers—B. W. Lane, A. H. Beresford,
H. Oraham.
Cigar Maken—C. F. Swans, a. Brnot.
Ctvlo Employees—V. Midgley, G. Harri
son, J. MoFarlann.
Cooka and Waiters—A. Graham, Miss
BarneE, W. Mackensle, F. Welton,
Carpenters Bro.—G. Worth, G, H. Hard
«.  Thom,   "'  "    ~          '"•
McDonald.
G.  Thom,  J.  R.  Campbell,  W.  Thomas,
irdy,
i,  A.
Carpenters, Amal.—J. G. Smith, R. Edmonds.
Civio Employees (North Shore)—Ne delegates.
Deep  Sea Fishermen—No delegates.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morriion, Murdock.
Freight Handlers—W. Mannings, J. Hope,
I. Harbottle.
Firemen   (Civic)—No delegates.
Garment Worker!—F. Barrett.
I. A. M.  777—G. Walker.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, J. Dodd.
Longshoremen—-No delegates.
Lathers—J. H.  Leighton.
Musician!—No delegates.
Machinists No. 182—J. H. McVety, A. R.
Towler, G. Lyle, W. M. Hawthorne.
Moving Picture Operators—A. O. Hansen.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson.
Pressman—No delegates.
Plnmbera—Q. Roie.
Pattern  Maken—No delegates.
Painters—H.  Grand,  D.  Hughes.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS POR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Deo. 30—Typograpkl*
cal Union, Sow Filers Alloc,
Bro. Loco. Engineers.
MONDAY, Dec. 81—Electrical
Workon, Steam Engineers.
TUESDAY, Jan. 1—Shoo Workors, Butchers and Moat Cut-
tors, Bailway Firemon, Betail
Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2—Pross
FcodcrB, Plastorors, Tilo Layers, Motal Trados Council,
Teamsters and ChnufMurs,
Browory Workers.
THURSDAY, Jan. 3—Trades and
Labor Couneil, Garment Work-
on,
PBIDAY, Jan. 4—Bailway Carmen, Pile Drivers nnd Wooden
Bridgemen, Molders, Lotter
Carriors, Civic Employees,
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses.
SATURDAY, Jan. 5—Blacksmiths, Baken, Machinists No.
777.
Copenhagen
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It it manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has * pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 Hastings Street West
Tel. Sey. 702
Winter Underwear from $2.00 per suit up.
Carhartt's Overalls, working gloves and shirts in
all qualities.
Suits and Overcoats from $15.00 to $35.00.
Remember our Boys' Department
We lead  in mtppy
and up-to-date
modoli.
ONE PBIOE
$2.50
Onr slogan:   Quality
at the least pouible
priee.
Black and White Hat Store
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
JP*\,
tmnmrn
ThiB is the ROYAL STANDARD
FLOUR sack.
Look for it in your grocer's.
It contains tlie finest possible
grade of flour for Bread, Buns, Biscuits, etc. .   *
This is the kind of loaf
ROYAL, STANDARD produces
—great big, light, wholesome,
tasty loaves—thc pride of any
housewife—thc joy of ths
whole family.
This is thc TRADEMARK—the
"Circle V"—that ensures you absolute uniformity — purity —
strength—all-round  high quality.
ROYAL STANDARD is thc
"Money-Back" Flour.
At Your Dealers
_J1 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT..... December 81, 1M7
Mammoth Sale
of Raincoats
Consisting of Rubberized Tweeds, Paramattas and
Gabardines
25% REDUCTION
$25 Coats for -	
$22 Coats for	
$20 Coats for .
$18.75
$16.50
$15.00
$18 Coats for $13.50
These Coats were made by the best Canadian and
English Manufacturers
SHOP OP
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 GRANVILLE STREET
ASK TOUB OBOOBB TOE
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION Mtr.T.yn
1. PHILLIPS * OO, Aftnts
P>w» 6«18 1228 Hamilton
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Tempi.
VAHOOUVEB. B. 0.
—Heidquarters for Labor Men—
Rttei—75o and $1.00 per day.
12.50 per woek and up.
Oaf. at Seasonable Bates
OLELAND DIBBLE    BNOBAV-
1N0 COMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENOBAVEBS — COMMERCIAL
ABTISIS
Phon. Seymour 7169
Tbird  rioor,  World   Building
VANCOUVEB.  B.  O.
—The only Onion Shop In Vancouver—
KINO Or BICYCLES
They are tbe finest bit of workman-
bip in the bicycle world; 8 different
models in variety of colors.   ,
Prices from 112.60 to 166.00  en
mty payments If deilred.
.    HASKINS A ELLIOTT
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
SU How. St.    412 Hastings st W.
SMITH'S BUTTON WOBKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop*
pine, button boles, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering, picot edging, pleat-
lag, rnehlng, embroidery, hemming.
SSS Oraavllls St me Douglas St.
VANCOUVEB, B.O.        VIOTOBIA, B.O.
Phoa. Say* S191 Phon. 1160
ELEOTRiO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
Ike JsnrU Electric Co., Ltd.
870 Bichards Street
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home
erery man—
IS IT IK YOTO8?
—Phone Fsirmont 8624—
of
Union Made
HATS
HADB TO FIT TOUB HEAD
13.50 and $4.00
*OffS TO EQUAL THEH
SELLERS & DAVIS
Hst Uanafsctoreri
SM ABBOTT STBEET
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
(Bet. Hastings and Cordovs Ste.)
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all traim,
boati, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
snd
Piano Moving
Phone ns dsy or sight
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
■er- -W-H--8
Union Station
WOOD
For sale br
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 1800       lew Msln Stieet
NEWS ITI CLIPPED
Apology Offered for Wrong
Inadvertently Done
Medical Officer
Oa tho 14th of this month, Tho Federationist printed an article in reference to a military soldier dying and
suggesting that an error woe made by
the medical doctor in attendance.
The articlo was republished from the
Kitsilano Times, and was published
after taking thie mattor up with the
manager of The Times, who advised the
editor of The Federationist as to his
source of information.
Tho Federationist now ascertains
that tho statements contained in the
said article are without foundation of
truth, and that Dr. Macdonald, whose
name was mentioned in the article, gavo
tho deceased every attention and that
other doctors were called in consultation. The FederationiBt exceedingly
regrets having published the said article, which was published in good faith,
and can only say that as far as it has
been ablo to ascertain, that the attcn<
tion given by Dr. Macdonald to all of
his patients is highly satisfactory.
SWINDLED!
Over the top did we take the Btep,
Ia it true thtt we voted at all f
Like a sheep  before its  shearers  is  dumb,
Did we bow to the Borden call!
How cunning the web the spider wove,
Invested with force for the catch—
A  trap ao transparent it never could  hide,
A German no equal or match,   *
The autocrat oried,   "The people—oh I  oh I
Conscript them I will by a polo;
I'm lord of the domain, to me they shall yield
All they have, both body and soul I"
Over tbe top to the militarists' camp
With its heart of roek, Its steel
A chattel, oh lord of the master class,
Crushed by the iron heel.
Where an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
Is the law of the monster's power
To conquer and kill all things in Its way,
Equipped only to slay and devour.
Over the top Just to peep Into nell,
To hear men shrieking with pain,
To watoh the staggering destruction of life,
The earth with its covering of slain.
Over the top where mad war prevails,,
Where men writhe and wrestle to kill,
Where an unending procession of human corpse
Pass ever tbe grave to fill,
Like nothing  else,  it l* but Itself
Tho strangest of Ills that should last,
An enemy of good and every good,
Hell's blighting tornado a blast.
Million*  of men,  the strongest,   the best, '
Mowed down like tho grass of the field,
Over the top they go to the last—
Obi What will the harvest yield!
Ther aay o'er tbe top Is tbe goal of peace:
Then why have we waited so Jong!1
We put onr trust in an arm of flesh;
It brought woe as Christ said—and Is wrong.
Though over the top we go for peace,
We may drench tbe earth with blood—
Peace never courted tbe unsheathed sword—
It Is time that we understood.
—T. J; Shenton.
I
RAW
What Would Be the Answer
If Referendum Was Put
to People of Europe?
Conscriptionist Twaddle in
Attempt to Sweeten
the Bitter Pill
The argument of tho conscriptionists
ii that, becauso European countries
have adopted conscription, Australia
should do likewise, says tho Labor
Call. They never stop to think that
Australia's position is entirely different. Europe is a largo continent, inhabited by various rnces of people,
who are continually warring with oach
other for some paltry protcxt or other,
whereas Australia is a largo island inhabited by one people. But her isolation is a grave danger. It is for this
reason sho requires a strong, virile
population.
..... Europo is closely packed, but
Australia only has a sprinkling of people around a small coast line. To make
such a comparison   is   odious indeed1,
 If conscription was for home
defonce, it would be different; but to
aend the pick of the young manhood
oat of a country to fight thopsands of
miles away would appear to be the acme
of foolishness. This is an infant land,
with its own problems to solve—problems that the so-called statesmen nevor
think about. Men like Sir William Irvine nnd W. M. Hughes, who aro iro-
perialists, are fanatical conscriptionists,
but thoy appear not to enro onc jot
about Austrnlian problems nnd Australia's dire necessity for self-preservation.
In Saturday's "Age," Bonj. Hoaro
■expresses thc views of that paper on
this groat quostion of compulsory military Bervice abroad. We nre all accustomed to the dintribe of Ambroso
Pratt and Bonj. Hoare. They nro fanatics on tho matter—or tho "Ago" is.
But tho groat point in Hoaro's lending
article on Saturday is amusing to everyone who is acquainted with Europe and
tho Europeans. For instance, Bonj.
says:
"Conscription, wo are told, i
alien principle in a free Innd; thnt it
might bo used to destroy tho principle
of trades unionism. No Australian who
has a head better thnn n pimple can
possibly be misled by such a piece of
silly sophistry. Do the people who utter such nonsenso know that conscription has beon mado tho law of every
belligerent land on earth, savo only
Australia and Ireland 1 Here is a list
of countries which aro under conscription: Great Britain, Italy, Belgium,
Bussia, New Zealand, China, Germany,
Denmark. Sweden, Portugal, Roumania,
France, Amorica, Japan, Cnnada, South
Africa, Switzerland, AuBtria-Hungary,
Norway, Spain, Bjlgaria nnd Greece."
Now, wo want to nsk the "Age"
if the peoplo were asked the question
if thoy would conscript themselves.
Was it put to a referendum? Certninly it was not. Conscription was made
the law by tho autocrats who at prosent sway theso countries. Evory one
of them is an autocracy, except, perhaps, Switzerland, which hardly counts.
Switzerland, being merely a pleasure
resort, is not in thc gamo of grab, and
novor has been. There are little or no
riches thoro. No mines or rich mineral
fields. Switzerland is just a land of
plenty of time nnd tako long to do it.
A beautiful country, no doubt, rich in
its beauty; but tho dogB of war aro
not nfter that. Tho proBont European
eruption wns undoubtedly hastened
along by Germany because the social-
democrats wero becoming too powerful
in tho fatherland of good pilsener bock.
Afr. the elections prior to tho war, tho
social' democrats gained over 25 scats
in the reichstag, making tho total 102
seast. This gave the kaiser and the
junkers the shock of their 'lives. Had
there been no war, at the next goneral
election the socialist party would have
been tho second strongest pnrty in the
legislature,, if not the strongest. We
all know that, once that tnkes place
in Europe, kaisors and junkers are
"goners," and the people will have
come into their own. Wars will then
cease forever, because it is against the
intorests of the masses, who hnvo nothing to gain by war and ovorything to
lose. All wars aro made for gain. But
tho question   of   compulsory militnry
Civic Campaign Looming Up
******     ******     ******     ******
Mayor McBeath Again in Ring
It looks liko n Ihroc-cornerod fight, in
tho civic election, Though tho pooplo
arc woll tired of elections, tho fodornl
light having been a hnrd one, in which
the classes and tho wealthy won ovor
tho masBos, the same considerations do
not enter Into the ordinary civic scrap.
Mayor Malcolm McBeath, who, somo
time ngo, put in circulation a petition
asking himself to "accept" nomination
for a third term, has officially announced tho rocol^t of this petition. So
his hat is in tho ring again. When tho
mayor's chapeau floated into tho ring,
it lit beside that of Alderman Oalo, of
ward six, and thero immediately followed the headgear of C. E. Tisdall, former
mombor of tho provincial legislature,
who for yoars was ono of tho "Solid
Fivo," bnt who, sinco the LiboralB put
tho Bowser party out of power, linn
been challng undor tho light which
shinosonly oil tho ordinary citizen. So
Mr. Tisduli now is prepared to accept
office under civic government. Sn is
Gale, nnd so is McBenth again.
Tho latter, howovor, hasn't made a
very representative showing ns this
city's chiof executivo. Ho can nevor
obliterate the picturo of his hired stool-
pigeons who, in dime novol disguises,
no sont about among rooming-house
denizens to ferret out womon who were
not a good class of citizens. All that
wu accomplished by this piece ot
schoolboy detective work wm to drive
the womon from one rendezvous to another. As a mattor of fact, all the jails
in Vancouver couldn 't hold all this class
of female in Vancouvor under the Mc*
Beath roglme, and, as it Is unlawful to
drown tham, the next best thing scorns
to bo in the mayor's way of looking nt
it to keep them moving nnd thoir vico
distributed. Thoro woro cases enmo to
light whoro they were drivon out of tho
rooming-house section of the city into
tho residential placos, nnd thoro sought
out by tho polico und rounded up for
whntf Only to bo fined nnd set adrift
ngain, poorer and moro determined than
ovor to mako up their contributions td
the civic treasury.
For thc rest of it, tho littlo mayor
has boen (jnito devotod to duty, and
hne worn his swallow-tail Bhiny at various littlo affairs to which he'lent dignity ns tho city's chief oxecutivo.
Mayor McBenth in his two terms of
ofllce hnsn't added a solitary thing to
the lustro of tho city, but the city hall
has been one continual turmoil, very
similnr in fnct to tho rcgimo of Edward
Gold ns roovo of South Vnncouver.
There wns ono thing, lately, however,
which gnvo Vnncouvor nn unlooked-for
fnmo nil ovor tho continent. It wns
whon the mayor, out of tho largeness
of his heart, on behalf of somo 100,000
pooplo in this city, subscribed on thia
city's behnlf tho mngniflcont sum of
♦1000 to the relief of suffering Halifax.
That was at the rato of ono cent for
each inhabitnnt of this wostorn city.
It was a grent piece of work, for which
former citizens of Halifax, whoso hearts
woro soro for tho aufforerfl of tho calamity-stricken cltv, and former cltizons
of Nova Scotia, will ovor remember.
It was announced last evening that
Mr. Tisdall had retired from tho mayoralty contost, thus leaving n straight
flght between Aid. Gale nnd Mnyor McBeath, seeking n third torm.
Flesh Pink
Undermuslins
New assortments are
available here in most
pleasing varieties. Prices
are moderate. Note these
few:
Envelope Chemise, made
with a silk crepe de chine
yoke and trimmed with
wide lace and dainty colored hand-embroidery—
92.00 each.
Cotton Orcpe Nightgowns
in flesh shade, with floral
wreath design and finished with blue ribbon bows.
The neck has three rows
of hemstitching and hemstitched yoke effect —
$2.50.
Envelope Chemise, with
floral hand-embroidered
design, in colors and finished with Valenciennes
lace and ribbon, $2.25.
Flesh-colored Gown, daintily hand-embroidered in
shades of pink, blue,
mauve or green. The top
is finished with Valenciennes lace and ribbon, and
short sleeves are trimmed
to correspond—$2.50.
'F
**
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
MM
Many Workers Now Sick at
Stomach From Too Much
Sob-Stuff Dope
servico has novor boen put to the people. It wai mado tho law by the military party, which rulos the land. Fancy
asking the people in any country in
Europe if they would put tho shackles
upon themselves. Tho idea is too preposterously absurd. The poor old mug
in Europe is just a chattel slave—a
thing to be done with as the kaiser-
class desires. Are they not the subjects
of the kniserf Suroly a man ean do
as he likes with his own.
And that is the crux of the whole
matter. We know that if the Europenn
were asked if he would be bond or
free, be would reply in the negative.
He or she would   give   an emphatic
JS Af' ^n.owinS this> ™ are
firmly of the opinion that the Australian should do likewise."
A SONG OP THB SANDBAGS
N°' Bl tosh m "0t fl"8p00nln» out no patriotic
T1'e _tVk   bBi\ind  the  "*ndl»gs   «in*t  a
death-or-jfiory cuss);
And  though I strafes  'em good and  '«rd I
doesn't  'ate tho Roche,—
1 guess  they're mostly decent,   just   the
samt>  ns  most  of us.
Ami just  the same as you or me they'd
rather shake than flght; ■       -
»!'! meaU to bo born at Berlin-
on the Spree,
We'd   be out thero with  'Ans and Fritz.
dead sure that we was right,
A-atandin' up to tho sandbags
H,iJi!.,1n!,y«lhe *hol>«ht« wot comet
Htarln' Into tho darkneSB.
■Earfn'  tho bullets  'urn;
(Zngl Zip! Plngl Ripf
Ark how tho ballets  'uml)
A-leanin' against tho sandbags
Wlv mo rifle under me ear,
OhI I ve 'ad'mora thoughts on a sentry-
go *
Than I used to 'ave in a year,
I wonder, Bill, if 'Ann and Frit* is   won-
derln' like me
Wot's at the bottom ot lt all;    Wot all
tho slaughter's fori
E thinks Va right (of courso 'e ain't), but
this we both agree,
If thom  as mado  it   'ad  to  fight  thero
wouldn't bo no war.
If  them  as lies  in  feather  beds   while   wo
kips In the mud,
If them bb makes their fortoons whilo w<5
tights for 'om like 'oil,
If them us slings their pots of Ink just 'ad
to sling thoir blood:
By Crust!   I'm thinkiu'   there'll   be   anothor talc  to  toll,
Shiverin'   up to the sandbags,
With a hicicle 'stead of a spine,
Don't   it   seem   funny  tho   things    you
think
'Ere in the firm' line:
(Wool W-hutl ZUI Zut!
Lordl     'Ow tho bullets whinet)
Hiinkorln' down when a star-shell
Cracks in a sputter of light,
Yn:i  can jaw to yer soul by  the sandbags
Most nny nid timo o' night.
They tnlks of Mngland's glory and a-oldln'
of our trado,
Of Empire and i'gh destiny until we're
fair flim-flammed;
But if It's for the likes o' that that bloody
war Is made,
Thon wot I say Is:  Empire and 'Igb destiny bo damned I
Thoro's only one good cause,  Bill, for poor
blokes like us to fight:
That's self-dofonco, for  'earth and  'ome,
and thorn that bears our namo;
And that's wot I'm a-doin' by tbo sandbags
'ere tonight   ...    .
But Frit!*, out thore will tell you  'e'a  a-
doin'  of the snmo.
Starln' over tho sandbags,
Sick of tho 'ole dam thing;
Pirln'   to keep innself awake,
'Earin' the bullets sing.
{Hiss!  Twang!  Tsingl  Pang!
Saucy the bullets sing.)
Drrnmiu' 'ere by tho sandbags
Of  a day when  war will  coaso,
When 'An^ and Fritz nnd Bill and me
Will clink  our mugs in fraternity,
And tho Brothorhood of Ubor will  he
Tbe Brotherhood of Poace.
-From ''Rhymes of n Hed Cross Nurso,
by .Robert W. Service
fl] Every trade union in the provinco
should bo represented at the B. C. F.
of L. convontion in Vnncouvor nest
month,
flj Aro tho members of organized
Labor going to sit idly by in B. C. find
permit political prisoners, trade unionists, to bc exiled in thc jailst
Labor's Duty Is to Build Up
Solid Organization for
Future Work
[By Qoofgo Peebles]
The federal "election" (sic.) has
passed. Thnt is to say that certain
candidates have been returned to Ot*
tawn, mostly "Unionists." The government would hove us believe that the
people of Canada are fully represented.
If anyone doubts tbo above statement
lot them take almost any riding in
Onnadu (excepting Quebec), find out
tho number of people entitled to a
vote, also the number of persons disenfranchised, add them togethor and deduct therefrom the number of votes
cast for the winning candidate and
they will doubt no longer, but will bo
absolutely convinced thnt but a minor
portion of the people of Canada have
representation nt Ottawn today. How-
ever, "it is no use crying over split
milk." Certain it is that rilready quit*
a number of voters, particularly tnose
who voted the "Unionist," tickot, aro,
now that the boat of the olection has
passed, wondering whether thoy did
cost their ballots wisely; whether thoy
were not carried away by sentiment;
whether tho "sob-stuff" that wns distributed so generously by the government candidates did not influence them
ngainst their own better judghient;
-bother they would not hav* dor-
bettor if tbey bnd returned one ot
tlieir own representatives tn Ottawa to
work on their behalf.
Labor, organizod and unorganized, is
not represented in any way, shape or
form in the legislative halls of Canada. Tho workers represent over 00
per cent, of tho adult population of
Cnnnda today. They have no voice in
making now laws; in enforcing laws
already in existence; or *n repealing or
amending those laws which are detrimental to their interesesr. in otber
words they are mutes. Like tho people crying in tho wilderness tlieir voice
cnn not be heard.
As stated before, the "election" is
ovor but the effects have only partially been felt up to the present. It is
safe to sny that tbe govornment will
tnke full advantage of the powers vested in it and no doubt there will Tie
"weeping nnd gnnshing of teeth" as
far as the workers nre concerned beforo
the "golden calf" whicb.they were
instrumental in erecting, is etestroyefl.
In tho meantime, let us look the issuo clearly in the face nnd team from
our past experience what Is thc bear
method of remedying tho present stato
of affairs. Firstly, it behooves every
onc of us as true citizens and loyat
union men to co-operato and endeavor
to put men in the field at every election—whether federal, provtndal or
municipal—and elect them. The worff
"elect" may seem to the uninitiated
Underwear—
Every brand which
is of merit.
•"TWO-PIECE Underwear, Shirts and Drawers,
* light, medium and heavy, finest wool fabrics,
per garment—
$L25, $1.50, $2.00, $2.25, $2.50, $2.75, $3.00, $3.50,
$4.25 and $6.00.
Combinations, all weights and fabrics—
$2.50, $3.00, $4.00, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $7.M,
$8.50 and $12.00.
LIMITED     *
153 HASTINGS ST.W,
Original Union Store
somewhat boastful, but bo it understood that provided organized Labor
will stand together oh this issue, and
not let dust be thrown in their eyes
by those opponents of our interests,
every man that is endorsod by organizod Labor will be elected. To ensure
this, every union man must bc a worker for the cause oi which It is an honor
to take up the cudgols. When you
consider that the aims of Labor are
for tho betterment of conditions of thc
human race; for tho uplifting of manhood, you may indeed be proud to espouse the cause of any candidate put
into tho fiold for tho purpose of carrying out Labor's dictates and by tbo
sume token—your own.
During the federal campaign do not
think that every soldier—whether In
uniform or otherwise—was a supporter
of tbe Unionists. This was not the caso
as was proven by tho large number of
roturned veterans who visited tho committeo roms of the Labor candidates
during the olection. A largo percentage of soldiers realized tbat when tbey
roturned to Canada and procured their
discbarge thoy entered tho ranks of
Lnbor and were competing for a living
just the same as beforo joining up. The
only difference perhaps wns ttio fnct
that in endeavoring to compete for a
livelihood thoy wero handicapped by
some disablement which thoy received
whilo fighting for what they thought
wns right. And let it be understood
that though some may differ in views
with regard to the why and whercfor
of this war—the man that ans a principle nnd is sincere in his belief—is
deserving of the highest respect from
his fellow-man. Tho aims nnd ideals of
the returned soldier who has to work
for u living aro in strict accord with
tho principles of organized Labor. No
effort should be spared to enable these
men to got their just reward. The
present pension allowance is inadequate
and there are numerous things in connection with the treatment of returned
men that need remodying antf the onTy
ones that can be relied upon to bring
these reforms about are their co-workers of today.    The  interests of   the
veteran, who has again enteral tbe industrial field, and organized Labor as
a whole, are identical.
With reference to the equal suffrage
for womon: Labor has always been Is
favor of women having the franchise
—not only in municipal and provincial
affairs, but also in foderal elections;
not in the way it waB extended to women at the last election—partially, but
to every woman in tlie Dominion of the
full age of 21 years, Reforms aro sadly needod in tho laws which govern
thiB fair Canada of ours. The divorce
laws sadly need revising by giving mas
and wife equal grounds for obtaining
divorces. Again tho laws relating to a
husband dying intestate neod to be
changed so that tho courtB will not be
nblc to decido that a wife is not a
blood relation and that a man'a property can bo procured by some distant
relative. Surely tho little woman that
hns been tho holpmate and worker, who
has given the best that a woman can
give, is at least entitled to any monetary benefits that may appear on her
husband's decease.
Tho changes suggested are but a few
of tho things that could be accomplish-
od by having representatives of Labor
in the legislative assembly. The time
for notion ia hero. Organization of a
strong Labor party and also, an organization of women interested in tbe
Labor movemont affiliated with it, are
tbo first steps toward attaining the results we desire. The maxim "Do it
now," is a good ono and very applicable. Let us hope thot some definite
action will be taken by the leaders of
organized Labor. * *
Oalgary Walters Organise
A report received by Seeretary Mackenzie of the Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses from Calgary conveys the informntion that a strong union hu been
formed there among the cooks, waiters
and waitresses. In a letter, the socretary sends the new union's congratulations to the waitresses at McLeod's
cafo for their admirable fight for better
working conditions.
l"pO the Union Men of British Columbia: We
* wish you the Compliments of the Season and
want to thank you for the very generous patronage extended to us in the past.
We keep your Suit
in good order
—No expense to you
Any person purchasing a suit at this store
is entitled to the services of an expert presser
to keep that suit in good shape.
When you want a suit you have purchased
here pressed, all you have to do is to phone
us in the morning. Our auto will call at your
home and pick up the suit. It will be carefully pressed and returned the same day.
This is an illustration of genuine
clothing store service
mMMMm.
33*47-49 Ha/tings St Ewt.
mmmM
—
,.,-w-...

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