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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 11, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  OffiUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICUL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TEADEB AND LABOB CO   CNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
INDU8TBIAL UNITY:  8TBENGTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 2
POLITICAL UNITY:   VIOTQB1
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 11,1918
(In YuoMWt\
Otty.JOjOO J
$1.50 PER
Agitation Has Now Begun For
****** ****** j   ****** ******
Introduction of Oriental Labor
Foundation to Be Laid in Canada for a White Robber's
Paradise  Industrially  Equipped  With  Patient,
Docile and Cheap Slaver °'ant Eyes and
and Very Tough uj&'.W Hides
made to throw down the
ia and the prairie prov-
jexcept with thc acquies-
jmberdofparliament. A
ph an object. During the
stissed the subject, but it
AN ATTEMPT is unquestionably b]
Oriental bars and flood British
incei with Chinese.    This cannot bc
trice and even connivance of the wcsteij
movement has already been started witl
last session oi' parliament, the senate,
did not gel} very far when the politicia-JLot hold of it, for it was
before election. But the election has been held, and the old gang is
back. Members of thc Vancouver Board of Trade have begun to
agitate for the admission of ChineBO to a limited number—30,000 being suggested—free of the customary head tax of $500. A meeting
is to be called for the purpose of formulating a memorium to be presented to the Borden government, and passing resolutions to back
up H. H. Stevens, member for Vancouver Centre, S. J. Crowe, member for Burrard, and Major Cooper, member for Vancouver South.
Plans for this meeting are already being arranged. It is understood
that all three of the Vancouver members are to be present, as well
as whatever senators can conveniently be got hold of, and whose
'aidjnay be valuable in "convincing" thc other crowd at Ottawa.
The excuse is that British Columbia and the prairies haven't white
men sufficient for industrial needs. The heavy enlistment before
conscription became a law of the land, and the further heavy drain
by compulsion, will be used as arguments by the men who are behind
the scheme and to give courage to the Vancouver members who will
approach thc subject with considerable trepidation, naturally, for the
Oriental riots here a few years ago arc not so long since as to have
become dim in the memory of these and other politicians.
But it is undoubtedly a fact that a scheme to Orientalize British
j Columbia, and make it a yellow man's country, has been hatched, and,
unless the working class are brought to a full realization of their
peril, will be successful.
The argument that is going to be used chiefly is that the Orientals
will be needed especially on the land to cultivate the soil and "increase production for thc Allies."
Ab a matter of fact, there is not a solitary farmer prominent in the
working out of the plans for the meeting with the Vancouver mem-
ibcrs of parliament.   But there are a lot of industrial giants reported
to be the head of thc yellow movement.
A Nation-wide Plot
JOINT INSTALLATION
OFFICERS AT SMOKER
Enginem" Lodges Join ln Celebrating
Another Succeeafnl Tear
What la expected to be one of the
most successful smokers in the history
bt the Labor movement In thli oity
will be that given by the International
Association of Machinists, lodges No.
182, 720 and 777, tonight. Officers
elected by those locals for the ensuing
year will be installed and the rank
and Ale of the combined membership
will gather to enjoy themselves and
talk over the prospects for the coming
yesr. A splendid concert has been arranged for the occasion.
GARMENT WORKERS
WILL ASK INCREASE
International of This Association Has
Announced An Increase of Scale
Word bus been received by the local
Garment Workera from their international that on and after Feb, 1, the international scale will be increased 10
per eent. on piece work, with a raise
also for cutters and apprentices- A
committoe has been appointed bjPthe
local union to approach the Vanconver
union firms, Carhartt 'b and Thompson's,
iW this raise.
SIM
That the scheme to make the west a
yellow man's country is national in its
icope is indicated by a dispatch in thc
Sun on Wednesday morning, as follows:
"Montreal, Jun. 8.—Iu ordor to secure the rails required to keep thc
main arteries of traffic in good condition, it was decided at a meeting of
the Canadian railway war board, held
here this morning, to petition the governmont to take up tho metal on lines
Umt arc mxt,vital. ,Thte work will entail the removal of 1500 to 2000 miles
of rails, and the governmont will be
asked to hold over certain classes of
labor continually paBsing through Canada to Europe to handle it, Some 20,-
000 laborers will bo wanted and their
wages, about $50,000 a day, will be
spent in this country,"
Tlie only "foreign labor," passing
through Canada is Chinese. These are
going to Franco under n contract between the French nnd Chinese govern-1
ments, whereby some 400,000 Chinks
are going to Frnnce to work on the'
farms. ]
It will be noticed that the "urgency" of tho sitjtttion in the east is
the yollow mon are needed to "take up,      . ,     ...      . ,;       ...    _
rails," but in the west the urgency is  ""P1 8old,or> ,8 now tho 8UWct of a
''food production." i referendum as to whother or not the
Despicable Deceit ' 111HJority of the memberB of organized
Labor are in favor of a general strike
in protest.   Bro. Kerr was sent to the
IE BEING TAKEN
Imprisonment of Kerr May
Lead to Serious Labor
Difficulties
Vote Is Being Taken and
Returns Are Coming
In Slowly
The imprisonment of Duucan Kerr, a
! member of the Engineers' local, be-
I ciubc of his refusal to become a con-
As a matter of fact, both nre subterfuges. Back of the elaborate schemo
is a desire to throttle organized labor,
and to further grind the white masses
with tho aid of the yellow man.
There arc enough aoldiers in Canada
doing nothing to take up ovory rail on
the C, P. R. and do it a whole lot
quicker and faster than 20,000 Chinks,
for onc whito laborer at sevore work is
worth ten of them. However, there aro
idle men who would be got to do it, if
[/tho company, or the govornment, wero
willing to pay decent wages. But
the C, P. R.,and tho government would
have this done by chink labor for next
to nothing, and then would have successfully flooded Canada with a class of
lnbor which even should tho government
desire it, would be difficult to get rid of,
once it scattered to the four winds.
In the west the industrial "giants"
are clamoring for Chinese on the agricultural lands. Tho farmers, however,
do not want them. It was only recently
that farmers of the lower mainland asked for laws to prohibit Chinese owning
[(farm lands. Some of the finest Innd
in this province is under control and
owned by Chinese.
Tbe Yellow Peril
Analysed, it looks very much as if
yellow labor la to be brought in, not to
produge more food, not to lift C. P. R.
rails really, put to supply sawmills,
'mines, logging camps, factories and
other large white labor employing industries of today with a class of labor
whieh will bring wages down so low
tthat existenco will be very precarious,
if possible at all in this country for a
white man.
It ia being suggested that, if the C,
P. R. is in such a hurry to take up some
rails, that white labor be employed,
and it the C. P. R. and the government
cannot afford to pay decent wages, to
have it done, tbat the profits of Sir Jos.
[■Flavelle, for instance, be stopped during
the railway operation, and the country
t.will be saved enough money to pay
*this and severnl other itoms of expense,
W\ Bay one of the high-priced officials
k':$ the C. P. R., or some other big corporation forego his salary for a time
as a patriotic offering to his country.
Or, any number of similar suggestions.
The federal olection steal and tho
enumerator system cost tho taxpayers
of Caiada some $4,000,000, which
would pay the cost of tearing up a
whole lot of rails, and clearing a lot of
land for' intonser cultivation, purchasing fertilizer to be supplied freo to farmers and generally bo of great use in
Canada's part in the war.
Hare Chinks AlUady Unloaded?
Beports have boon in circulation for
a considerable .time to the effect that
some of these "foreign laborors passing
through Canada," wore being conveni
penitentiary for two years for his failure to register undor tho provisions of
the Military Service Act, otherwise
"conscription."
Secretary Victor R. Midgley has
sent to nil unions the necessary ballot
papers for carrying on the referendum
on the subject, and a considerable number of unions have already made returns wliich show sentiment on tho subject to bo divided.
The language of the referendum ballot is bb follows:
"Aro you in favor of a general strike
as a protest against the sentence of two
years in the penitentiary givon to Duncan Kerr, for his failure to register
undor the provisions of tho Military
Servico Act!
"If you are in fuvor of a goneral
striko place X opposite Yob; if yoa are
opposed place X opposito No."
TRYING HARD TO FIND
COMPETENT EMPLOYEES
Unfair Oare la  Seeking Waitresses to Fill
Places of Those on Strike
By newspaper advertising and applications to public employment agencies, McLeod's cafe, which Is unfair to organised
labor and whoso waitresses were compelled
to go on strike to secure betor working
conditions, shows it is having a difficult time
keeping its employees who went to work In
tho place of the strikers. Officials of the
tinlon advise all waitress to become affiliated
for a great deal of work Is expected to
open up In the aprlng. All of tho girls who
went on strike are employed elsewhero now.
The picket of the unfair cafe will bo takon
np again wjwn the weather moderates.
Dr. W. J. Cu^t} dentist, who is away
on business ia Nw? York, will return to
Vancouver at the ftiid of the month,
cntly dropped off here and,t>ere. Since
the Montreal report of yesWday^and
the crude effort to disguise tie ™iw-
cign laborers passing through GiaifiL*1
mnny persons will be prepared tsrw-
liove what they would not have beHeV-
ed before.
Tho immigration authorities yesterday, when asked regarding reports that
these Chineso were boing unloaded in
pnrts of Canada, figuratively washod
their hands of it, by saying that all
they had to do with thom was to manifest them as they reached Vancouver,
and after that they were under the
care of the military authorities. The
only ones who left the trains in Cana,da,
it was said, were those who got sick
nnd were put in hospital, but taken out
again when recovered. They had no
data as to thc denth rate among this
"foreign labor passing through Canada," which it is Btated is very high.
Both the Labor Candidate
and His Friends Confident of Victory
Parker Williams Very Indecisive But Last Reports
Indicate He Will Run
LADYSMITH, B. C, Jan. 10.—(By
Long Distance Phone.)—J. H. Hawthornthwaite returned here thia afternoon from Vancouver via Victoria and
has been in conference with both the
men's and women's committee-room
workers since his arrival. Asked by
your correspondent what he thought of
the candidature of Parker Williams, as
ii Liberal, he said, smiling but determined: "I don't care whether he runs
or not. We can beat any. combination
the Brewster gang can rig up," And
that juat about sums up the general
feeling of the union miners and many
friends of Hawthornthwaite here. There
are only about 2,000 votes to be polled.
Of these some 1,300 are male voters,
the 700 being women voters. Outside
of Ladysmith there is South Wellington, Northfleld, Extension and Cedar
districts. In all theso the Labor candidate will poll a majority against any
other nominee.
Parker Wililams was here today, but
after giving the situation the once-over
he seemed to catch the feeling of the
electorate and gave it out that he
would not take a chance. But later in
the day, owing to the pressure boing
brought to bear by govornment ministers, he again changed his mind. What
decision he will finally adopt is hard
to say, but it looks right now as though
the Liberals had about forced him to
obey their bidding.
However, we are going to take no
chances and wo are going right ahead
with our campaign. BosideB a number
of encouraging messages from unionB
and trado unionists throughout the
province we. will have with us the following speakers next week: A, Watchman, ex-vice-president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, Miss
Helena Gutteridge, Mr. E. T. Kingsley
and R. P. Pettipiece—all too well
known to the B. C. Lnbor movement to
need tiny introduction to Federationist
readers.
Wo are hoping to arrange for a joint
meeting of the candidates here at an
early date und no quarter is being
Bought by Hawthornthwaite's friends.
He Feared the Gaff
At 1 o'clock this morning, u The Fed-
•rattonist goti to preu, advices from Tic*
torla are that Parker WUllanu, Liberal
handyman aad quick-change acrobat, hu
again decided NOT to oppose Bawthorath-
wlate. The chilly reception ht received at
Ladysmlth yesterday contributed to this
latest decision.
HOLDSHCKMY
Big   Sawmill   Corporation
Reaps Interest on Wages
of Employees
. There ought to be some law to prevent
big corporations, such as tho Hastings mill,
holding up the wages of its empioyoes.
milling concern employs at Its plant
iconver about a thousand men, at
jurying 'rom the luW wages paid to
Oribijttti to tho better wages paid to members vt fi^ganlied Labor. A month's pay,
howefor) ll always In possession of the eompany MM1 in employee quits, according to
reports, Tlis means that this money Ilea
In tbe baaK^pl draws interest. In ether
words tho 'irfiftpiar receives intersit oa the
money whlefc wiM* to the employees. It
is a sibjeet mm\* tt is txpootoi will he
discussed at tha ewwiag aeeslon ef tho legislature. ' r *a<?
Ladles: Read Dryilife's advt. on Page
Four this woek. lad; please mention The
Fedorationist whoa deian your shopplig.
I
m
-i
Many Credentials Already
Being Received By B.C.
F. of L Secretary
Affiliations and Membership
Increasing and Outlook
Is Encourag|ng
VIOTOBIA, B. O., Jan. 8.—"The
Vancouver conrentlon of tie B. O.
Federation of Labor,   which  convenes on the 28th last, will undoubtedly he the biggest, in point
-of numben, since 1914," said Sec.-
Treas. A. S. Wella to The Federationlit correspondent tills evening.
Sec. Wella wu busy at his desk in
the Labor headquarters.   Pointing
to a pile of correspondence, lie continued, "Tou see that pile of credentials.  Well, they're coming ln
every day and the prospects are
certainly encouraging.
"Besides the splendid  showing of
delegates-elect we have 'received several new affiliations during the past
week or two.   Among them are the
Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers of
Powell Biver, the Bailway Carmen of
Nelson, the TeamsterB and Chauffeurs
of Vancouver  and the Musicians of
Victoria.
"Strangely enough, our weak point
in the province is Vancouver, where
several of the unions were forced to
withdraw during the strenuous times
following the outbreak of war, many
of which have not reaffiliated with improved industrial conditions which now
obtain.
"With the cooperation of every
provincial vice-president, the officials of
control labor bodies and local unionB
everywhere we should have a banner
convention. And there is much need
for one."
OF MB IN
President Kinney of Edmonton Re-Elected for
Ensuing Year
Delegates Discussing Issues
and  Making Labor's
Attitude Known
LETHBRIDGE, Alberta, Jau. 9.—
The unnual convontion of the Alberta
Federation of Labor has been in session hero since Monday. President J.
A. Kinney, Edmonton, was re-elected
today, while M. Smitten, Calgary, was
chosen as secretary, and F. Wheatley,
Bankhead, will represent tbe Federation at the Quebec convontion of thc
Tradea and Labor Congress of Canada
in September,
Yesterday resolutions were adopted
condemning the one-man street cars.
They also asked for an industrial commission to go into the question of employment of returned soldiers; endorsed
proportional representation and asked
for pension system for needy mothers.
Resolutions dealing with vocational training for soldiers, the Patriotic Fund, bureau
of labor, hours of labor for drug clerks,
publio hospital! under public ownership and
many other matters wero passed.
A resolution was also passed favoring a
stronger beor than the two por cent.
The formation of a now independent political party of labor and kindred interests
In Canada, was also tendered.
The next convention will meet at Medicine
Hat.
GALE WINS OVER
II M'BEATH
Voters Decide on Aid. Gale
By a Tremendous
Majority
Aid. R. H, Gale yesterday wai elected
mayor of Vancouver over Mayor Malcolm
McBeath by a tremendous majority. The
vote vas very amall, due ln a large part to
the inclement weather and also contributed
to, no doubt, by the fact that people are
weary of elections, Tne flght of the mayoralty candidates was ono of the hottest ln
local hiitory and wai notorious for personalities in which they engaged liberally. Tho
aldermanlc flght was merely a si.li.> issue,
there being little intorcst shown in it compared to the hectic .battlo of tho candidates
for the chief executive position. A very
slight interest, judging by tho number of
ballots cast, was takon in the bylaws or thc
plebiscite, the latter being on tlio question
of whether or not the city should make a
gift of 1120,000 to tbo Y. M. O. A. to go
toward tho completion of the building which
it commenced Bome yean ago and hai not
completed to date.
Mayoralty Oonttit
Gale    MoReath
Ward One  -	
Ward Two 	
Ward Three   .
Ward Four  - —	
Ward Five 	
Ward Six 	
Ward Seven  -...	
War* Eight  	
7174     8497
Marshall,   Hoiklm,   Miller,   Elliott,   Reld
and  Rogers  woro  elected  as  aldcrmon.
All tbe money bylaws And tho ploboscito
to givo tho V. M. O. A. $120,000 to complete iheir now bii'dlng, woro defeated.
A Bird's Eye View of the Situation
*******
*******
*******
*******
and a Prophesy of What Is To FoUw
WILL DISCUSS WAGE
MATTERS WITH BOARD
Meeting Arranged With tbe Munitions
Board First of Next Week
Representatives of ihe Metal Trades
Council of Vancouver will go to Vietoria on Saturday to attend a meeting
of the M. T. C. of tbat city and discuss maters to be taken up with the
Munitions Board. The mooting with tho
board will be the first of next weok
and the wage question as decided by
the fedoral adjustment board of tho
United States will be gone into as it
was made applicable to British Columbia by the Munitions Board.
The M. T. C.   representatives   will
A Brief Review of the Trend of Economic Deretopaent
and the Tremendous Changes That It is Fatdmg
Upon the Immediate Future for Carefal
Consideration   and Adjustment
The Hastily Sketched Outline of a Political PoBey for
Working Class That is Calculated to Expedite the /s,-
Transitional  Process  and  PeacefuBy
Introduce the New  Order      a\\W  \Q
[Br J. H. HAWTHOBREWAITB] \g_
5
T
HE REVOLUTION that has taken place in the mode of prodii
tion and hence in society during the last few centuries aawjk
CAMP COMMANDANT
S
Report in Circulation That
Trouble With Conscripts
Is Anticipated
which is now Hearing itB completion has brought in its train
also take up Beveral cases of firms both! stupendous advantages to society as a whole but, unfortunately, dire
in Vancouver and Now Westminster lnigery to _ largc scctjon 0f jt. ft _ quite true that during this period
Se "\Zt fnToSperhece"t:°of 'the the standard of living has actually advanced, but nevertheless, - tar
cBtabliaments in this province. as the wage-earners, farmers and other small producers arc concerned
  i —that is to say, the masses of the people—the advantages gained are
comparatively small. While the wealth of the world measured either
ia products or money, thc medium of exchange, has enormously Increased during the past few hundred years, the proportion received
by the producer in comparison to the value produced has steadily
declined.
Today civilization and the advanced standard of living demand far
greater expenditures than ever before by the average individual to
enable him to maintain his position in society. Certain requirements
must bc obtained pr failing these his grasp on the* rungs of the soeial
ladder is foreod loose and he speedily drops to the lowest strata, in
many cases never to rise again. If success depended, as we are so
frequently led to believe, altogether upon individual effort, sympathy
or consideration might be withheld, but in view of world conditions
today, no well-informed man can believe this to be the case. Statistics show that unemployment before the war had everywhere besom*
an established and growing evil. If a man has work and the small
producer can dispose of his product they have a chance to maintain,
their hold, but should a crisis occur through overproduction, and it
would seem of late that apart from development booms in newly-
opened countries caused by the expansion of capital, that the crisis
has become almost chronic, then the farmer and the small business
man who cannot profitably dispose of their products or commodities
are in little better position than the unemployed wage-earner whose
position is admittedly intolerable. These are fateful truths which
may not be refuted and are worthy of consideration by every sober-
minded individual apart altogether from political or other affiliations.
It iB not my intention, however, in this pamphlet to fully analyze conditions. Those who desire to understand can; by a brief, unbiased
study of history and political economy, more particulraly the Marxian
analysis of our present system of production, obtain speedy enlightenment. So far as Canada is concerned, we may not be able at preient
to apply the rational remedy, but let us see if it is possible, owing
more particularly to our natural advantages, that is, potential wealth
conferred on -thia provinco by nature's band,.ta do something to alleviate the pressure until Bociety as a whole or an enlightened working class awakes to thc knowledge of its duty and power and deals
finally with thc trouble. I have no desire to stir up at this moment
contention and dispute in the ranks of my fellow workers who are
striving to establish the co-operative commonwealth, but I would suggest that our tactics, in certain countries at least, might be varied
with advantage. Many of us rightly hold that our progress depends
lo some extent on the evolutionary forces inherent in production.
Is it possible, by intelligent political action, to so direct these forces
and so alter conditions that the progress ot* thc conversion of capitalist property in those means of wealth production wliich are necessary for thc well-being of society into collective property may be
expedited and the transition stage passed through without abnormal
hardship being indicted upon those who are least able to stand itt
Major Montizambert Says
Conscripts Are Keen and
Hearty Soldiers
i
Major Montizambert, officer commanding the Vancouvor military depot
at Hastings Park, mnkes a general denial of statements that the authorities
are having trouble in managing the
conscripts who were rounded up under
the Military Servico Act, better known
aB "conscription." A report Is in circulation to the effect that men who
were compelled under conscription to
enter the army are very unwilling soldiers and that they arc offering open
and hostile objection to the commands
of the officers; they refuso to perform
work they are set to do and are generally showing a determination to resent being forced into thc army under
the compulsory measure which was
adopted without any reference to the
peoplo of the country.
Anothor report in circulation is that
ammunition has been distributed to the
guards as a precaution in the event of
trouble of a serious nature breaking
out.
A complaint, too, which is persistently heard, is owing to the fact that only
a comparative few who evaded conscription hnve been rounded up, and
tho efforts to round up others has ap
parently ceased   without    any reason! It is surely possible by intelligent effort to accomplish something in
being given why, if the govomtaont ] this direction and it is, therefore, a positive duty to make thc effort.
^m_^-o^m^-t^\<^ M^J" lhis "^ P«n>»y »« »> « «•* of frankness or
od to some several thousand who, if courage, Wt; tiro all perhaps ;i litllt- afraid ot criticism, not by our
the government wun sincere about it, opponents, but by our associates, Liet us examine the position laid
I^d^a^L_n^""did-i^u!J £?I down, for a moment, and ascertain if there is any truth in it. Capitalist produetion with its inherent evils is dominant in society today
no matter how near it may bc to the completion of its evolution.
same ub Duncan Kerr, member of the
Engineers, and one or two others who
have been sentenced to prison terms,
Thoy point to thc fact that no effort
has been made to enforce compulsion
among the coal minors of Vancouver
Island, though the occupation of mining
coal is no more essentiul than tho occupation which were engaged in by
many who were conscripted but who
did not attempt to cvndo the authorities.
With regard to conditions at Hastings Park, where the conscripts aro in
training, Major Montizambert yesterday, when asked about it by The
"Fed," declared that thero was nothing in the report that ammunition had
been given out to tho goards. "The
only ammunition used," said the major, "is about ten rounds a week in
machine-gun practice."
Speaking of the situation in general,
the major wont on: "We have had no
trouble whatever with the men and do
not expect any. They aro all koen to
do their best uud nre filtering heartily
into the sports am! concerts. Among
tho attractions for the men's entertainment here is a motion picture theatre.
The only trouble we had was with ono
man, and he, by the way, iB in France
by thiB time. The trouble with him
wus he didn't want to work."
1004
442
057
226
850
IIS
1007
488
ebs
SSO
154*
985
69b
882
879
207
Three Candidates Placed in
the Municipal Field by
Labor Council
NSW WE8TMINSTKH, Jun. 10.—Threo
Labor candldatea for aldermen At tho forth*
coming civic election!* were chosen laat evening at a meeting of the .New Westminster
Tradea and Lahor Couneil. They nre Waiter Dodd, Strectrailwaymcn's union, who ha,
heon a member of tlio city couneil for a
numbor of yeara; Peter Wilkii*. Machinists'
union and William C. Miller of the Ship*
yard Carpentera' union.
Tho nomination of three Labor candldatea aasures a contest bere. Aa thu election ia to bo held under tho proportional
rcproaentation plan thc Lnbor men feel that
thay ahould havo good chance* of .looting
at loaat two of tbo aoven aldermen, lt waa
oatimatod at laat night's meeting that under
tho P. it. scheme 800 votcl will elect an
alderman. The executivo of the Trades and
Labor Council was appointed a campaign
committeo.
Suppose we capture the reins ol government in Canada, or any other
country of the world, today, is it not true that whether wc like it,
or otherwise, we must for a time, from sheer necessity, carry ou the
dominant mode oi* production until the governments of a number of
the great producing countries of the world see the advisability of
making, or are forced by revolution, to make a change, or until the
forces of evolution have completed their work and the system as a
whole fails to function? If this be true—and it iH true—let us frankly admit it, and proceed to lay down a constructive policy for any
given country, this one at present, which wc could endorse and which
might prove acceptable at least to the great bulk of those who suffer
most under present conditions or even the people as a whole. Class
rule universally prevails today with one solitary exception, but who
is bold enough It) say .that the ruling jIiiss is either happy or contented, notwithstanding its wealth and power. Happier than the workers,
of course*, hut llmugh want is unknown and hunger unfelt amongst
the rulers, care, disease and fear are not altogether apart from their
lives. It is safe to say thai, under present condition, no individual,
however callous to the sufferings of others, ean long remain cither
happy or contented, That the ruling class will never voluntarily get
out of the saddle is easily understood, but resistance may bc less
active if il recognizes that thu fall is not so very disastrous.
It is a matter of common observance that when any necessary
organized industry or necessary human institution ceases to function
lo the common advantage that the remedy applied is collective in thc
form of government ownership. Schools, distribution of mails, telegraph, telephone and railway systems, eoal mines, etc., are owned and
operated by various governments and iu Great Britain at the present
time owing, it is true, to a temporary necessity—shipbuilding, yards,
steel and other manufacturing plants. This is not socialism, and
must not be confounded as such, as it docs not abolish tho wage system. But it may prove to be, and Engels and many other authorities
agree in this view, a natural convenient and sane transitionary stage,
more particularly so under the direction of an enlightened electorate.
Government has several functions to fill, the fundamental one being,
ns every worker knows, to govern. It has an important one to fill in
Ihe form of administration and a further one of expressing in legislation the requirements actuated by development in industrial or eom-
niercial affairs, Canada is a new country and, until recently, capital
had not invaded it to any great extent as a suitable field for exploitation. But all this has of late rapidly changed. Fifty years ago the
major portion of the necessaries of lift) were produced by the Canadian farmer, upon his own land. Today, the modern factory supplies
his wants from seed-planters to canned music. But his troubles have
increased rather than lessened. The railroads convey his products
to the market more rapidly than thc ox-team but, unfortnnatoly or
otherwise, it has converted his markets into world markets, and today
he competes against the world. Civilization is at his door and he h»B
to adopt and maintain its standards or fall back. He finds himself
engaged in a difficult task. Railroads he must have, but the railroad
companies exploit the traffic for all that is in it, and hence —a farmer
is ripe for the government ownership of railroads. It is safe to say
that the majority of people in Canada would welcome thc government
ownership of railways, telephones, telegraph and cable systems, and
(Contlnuad os Page Fivo) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Spencer's January Sale Bargains in
Paints, Stains, Varnishes, Etc,
You will be requiring the above this spring. Why not buy
now. You will not regret it in view of the fancy prices coming
into force. These prices are positively good only during the
duration of the January sale.
SPENCER'S HOUSE PAINT—Made from pure linseed all,
pure lead and pure colors in shades of cream, greys, slate,
light green, etc.  A gallon, price $2.98
Dark green, white, otc.   A gallon  $3.50
SUPERIOR CREOSOTE SHINGLE SJAINS-Browns, reds,
etc.   4-gallon tins; a gallon :  85^
1-gallon tins; a gallon SStjS'
Greens, 4-gallon tins; a gallon §1.10
1-gallon tin  $1.20
PURE LINSEED OIL-Boilcd or raw; 4-gal. tins; gal. $1.65
300 GALLONS PURE MINERAL PAINT—For exterior or interior use in grey, slate, red or brown.
Gallon tin, sale price  $2.00
Half-gallon tin; sale price  $1.10
VARNISH STAIN—ln dark oak and walnut; highest quality.
Quart 75ti
PLAT WALL PAINT—For plaster and woodwork • all shades
and white.   Regular $3.00 a gallon, for $2.00
COAL TAR-4-gallon tins; sale price  $1.25
FLOOR AND LINOLEUM VARNISH—Highest quality—
50c value for 35^
75c value for 55^
$1.00 value for  75**
50 GALLONS OIL SHINGLE STAIN—Standard quality in
light brown and light and dark i;ed; 4-gallon tins; at per
gallon   $1.00
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
WAKE UP-IT'S NOT AN
UNDERTAKER YOU NEED!
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
10 SUB. CARDS $10, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
COUNCILLOR LOMAS
BURNABY ELECTIONS
.-.   1918   .'.
YOUR VOTE
and Influence
requested by
Councillor Lomas
Candidate for Councillor
for Ward VI
My record as Councillor
for Ward One during the
past year, speaks for itself.
Polling Day: Saturday, January 19th
A
Makes Business Good and
Brings Prosperity to
the Workers
Some of the Patriotic Cant
Peddled to Fools By
Press and Rostrum
One of the chief lines adopted by
the Unionist publicity committee during thc recont Dominion election campaign was the reminder that war is (to
some) "good business." They said
that if the Union government were to
fail of eleetion, nnd Cnnnda were thus
"practically to quit" the war, munition plants would have to close, farmers
would lose a good market, and business
would come to a standstill. In such a
base appeal to look at war from tho
light of flnnncial prosperity may be
seen the deepest degradation of "pa
triotism." In such nppoalB are to bo
seen the real treachery to humanity
nnd civilization. . -
It would appear that in the Old
Country, too, some of those who shout
most vociferously, "win the war," are
not ashamed to present tho war in a
similar degraded light. Tho jingoistic
Daily Mail might bc cited as an example. The following is takon from a
recent article in The Nation (London)
commenting on the press reception of
Lord Lansdowne's letter: -
Political Cant
Let un Ulic n sentence from a telegram ol
tlio Times cortvflponderit at Washington ro-
gnrdfng tlie snme teller:
"This ia the war betwoen autocracy
and democracy, and any statesman who
pleads for n compromise with autocracy
forfeits tlie confidence nf the American
people."
Whon we remember our alliance with the
Czar—not such a great strain upon memory
—and recall the flattery with which the
Times beslavered that "nngust monarch," it
seems hardly possible for cant to go further.
But it can.
The Benefits of War
In a leading nrtiele entitled "What Is
Ruin* And Who Will Be Ruined!'" tho
Daily Mall also dealt with Lord Lnnsdowne's
letter. Lord Lansdowne, it said, pictured
tbe civiliz d world as being mined by tho
prolongation of the war; but was he right in
his forecast! it asks:
"Who is being ruined by the war!
Who Is likely to he ruined hy it! er-
tainly not the working man. He has
never in the history of tho world been
belter off than be is today in all tho
belligerent lands. Will he fare less well
in the first decade of peace when the demand for labor and for goods will be on
an unparalleled scale, and when wc aro
fnr more likely to see one man for three
jobs thnn three men for one job!"
In similnr terms, and for similar reasons,
the writer points to the blessings of prosperity which the prolongation of the war
brings to tbe farmer, the manufacturer and
Ihe capitalist. But, for brevity, let us keep
to the blessings of the working man, who
"lias never in the history of the world been
better off than  he Ut  today,"
But what are these wording men's blessings! Ib it thnt there aro fewer of them,
nnd that ns tho supply is reduced the demand rises t Thnt thereby thero are not
more Jobs to go round, but thero are lower
nppllcants for each! Somo trades, indeed,
provide even ([renter employment, and in
war-time the refrnin of tho old song, "Another little job for tho undertaker," moro
frequently cheers the coffin-maker's heart.
Wnr nnd plague have often been acclaimed
as material benefactions to the poor, and it
is not long since Professor Thorold Rogers
argued that the black denth, which destroyed
the British working classes like poisoned
coekronches, was a blessing hardly disguised.
Thore is a school w'hich thinks the prosperity
of one-half of the population could always be
nssurcd by killing the other half. And, indeed, though the doctrine is not cheering for
tho slaughtered half, thero is something to
he said for the iden. No such efficient Labor
hurenn exists as denth.
Tho Agonies of War
Never in the history of the world has the
working man boen bettor off than he is to-
day in all tbe belligerent lands, says the
Dally Mail, Sir William Robertson tells us
that nearly twenty-four millions are engaged
in fighting. At least 90 per eent. of those
millions wore once working men. Doos tho
Dally Mail include them among thoee who
are bettor off todny thnn any in the history
of tho world! Does it consider thom exceptionally welt off, continually exposed as
they are to denth and cruel wounds, to stupefying toll, to rain and sun and ice, to all
thu  terrible  duties   of  organized   slaughter!
FBIDAY Januaiy 11, 1011
Democracy and the Secret Treaties
******* -tt****** *******
Democratic Professions and Imperialistic Intentions
Acceptance of Government's Franchise Act
Out of Sympathy with the Democratic Idea
ariitocracioi, by foreign mln'sters nnd diplomats Wara are mado by privileged Inter*
•■*■», "V flnanelerj, by commercial   groups
seeking private profits lo foreign landi.
Wars are made in the dark behind closed
doors. War is still the plaything of ruling
classes, much as It was in the time of Richelieu and Maiarin, of Frederick the Oreat and
Napoleon.—Frederick Howe In Conservator,
1916.1
[By E. Stafford Whitby]
In war-time the people must be supplied with a war-cry. In point of fact
the cry need not be tho same during the
wholo course of n long war; one cry
I may become worn, and a fresh cry may
be-introduced in ordor to revive a flagging zest; but there is always some cry
or other which is predominant. At the
prosent period of tho wnr the cry is
"Democracy." If anything wore need-
od to prove that for tho mnjority of
poople this torm ia litlo more than a
mere war-cry it could bo found in tho
circumstanco that the portion of the
population of Cnnada—tho English-
speaking portion—whieh is most enthusiastic in its support of the war has reelected by an overwhelming voto a government responsible for the War-Time
Franchise Act., Tho franchise'act waB
n kind of test. Its spirit waB so thoroughly undemocratic that by countenancing at the vast majority of tho war
supportors havo proved boyond disputo
that they have, no vital understanding
of or sympnthy with tho democratic
idea.
Democracy al Last Resort
If it has to bc confessed of tho majority of poople that they fail to under-
stand or sympathize with the democratic idea or that at the bost "Domocracy" ia with them a vaguely genorous
and ill-understood sontimont, it must
also be pointed out that to the diplomats and rulers in charge of the war,
"Domocracy" is in large part merely
a catch-word whoso use they find convenient in a fight against a rival nation. It must suroly now bc obvious to
all whoso capacity for seeing facts has
not been destroyed by a surrender of
their minds to tho war passion that the
rjiling classes of all countries, as represented particularly by their foreign offices, are likely to accept a democratic
settlement only when they find themselves buulked of a militaristic one. A
democratic settlement is not their preference, but their last resort.
Tho Gormans, being realists, and recognizing that, although they are still
in a position of military superiority,
they have little chance ultimately of
dictating an annexationist settlement,
nro now ready to accept a peace of a
democratic color. Tho Entonto rulers,
more inefficient thnn the rulers of Germany, and with a weaker aenso of reality, as instances which 1 will quote in
nn article next week will serve to show,
are not ready for a democratic settlement, B.it when they, too, come to
realize the impossibility of dictating a
settlement, they too aro likoly to be
ready to accept a peaco of democratic
color; and the world will have the kind
of peace which all sensible mon know
would bo the best conclusion of tho
wholo sorry business—a peace without
victory. What irony is here! Our diplomats will bo inclined to accept a democratic settlement of this "war for
democracy" only when they nre convinced that they can got nothing "better."
The Secl^-Arrangements
The contents of thc secret treaties
and memoranda given to the world ,by
tho Bolsheviki, confirm what was generally known by those who have givon
attention to this nspoet of the wnr. We
now know definitely that a Franco-Russian convention, made during the war,
provided for thc French annexation, not
only of Alsace and Lorraine, but also
of the coal district of the Saar, and for
taking thc left bank of the Rhine from
Germany, occupying it by French
troops, and converting it into a so-
cnlled buffer state. We now know definitely that Russia was to have Constantinople, Armenia and Kurdistan;
that Great Britain was to have Mesopotamia and the neutral zone of Persia;
that France was to have Syria, Adana,
and "Lesser Armenia"; and that Italy
was to have, not only Trieste and the
Trcntiuo, but also Dalmatia, tho Twelve
Isles (Rhodes, etc.), Adalift (in Asia
Minor), and Smyrna and the conutry
around it.
We know that in tho eyes of many
of thc leading statesmen of the Entente, and particularly in thc eyes of
the foreign offices, the nehievctaent of
aims, sueh as these, ombodied in their
&ttlX*^fe* SK5|fr«'»"»»S«»»«8t8, would rmtmmtA
"good" pence.   And we shall be deluding ourselves  if we do not recognize
extinction in order that survivors may
revel in the prosperity of threo jobs for
one)    And does the Daily Mail suppose that
irking people, whom it considers brtter off
today   than   at   any   time   in   history,   have
ithor bellies  to   till    nor   hearts to  feelt
ips it suppose that thoy enjoy standing in
queues outside the provision shops with
money for food which may bo exhausted before their turn comes t Or that the working
people enjoy being bettor off today than ever
before in the world's history, whon there is
hardly a family but enunts one dear relation
dead; whon thore is hardly a mother but is
haunted day and night by fear of the postman's knock: when there Is hardly an unmarried girl ar a young wife who ean think
without anguish of the bloodstained linos t
Amid all the sorrow and apprehension of the
most terrible war in history, amid snch tears
and suffering anil death rh wore never known
> working people b*»frro, hero is a paper
hlch congratulate* tho working man upon
heitig better off than ever,
Now sueh talk mi this is a libel upon the
working olaeflon, who compose th" enormous
nitjority of clvillxod mahkind; a brutal blow
at their charaetor and thoughts about life-
War may be necessary, and mon may have
to die for national and noblo causes] Rut
we pray to be eared from cant like thli.
Royal Stove Repair Works
New  and   second-hand stoves
bought, sold and exchanged.
1114 GEANVILLE STREET
To Federationist
Subscribers:
Please remember tkat no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or ronewala are made.
Tho address label on ytur
paper carries the date to which
your subscription Is paid, If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, the correct change in
your label date la net Bade,
notify us at once. When yen
hnve a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send it to this offlce—not to
tht other fellow. Thia yo*
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C Federationist
R. PARM. PBITIPIIOl,
Manager.
Labor Tomple,
Vaneonver, B. 0.
that  they  will  nccopt a  poace  moro f*n
truly embodying principles of democracy nnd nationality only if thoy cannot secure a "good" peace.
Oh,   '' sacred   principles   of   demoe
♦rent allegations of harsh treatment in
the Gorman colonies; although admittedly I am not in a position to form a
definite judgment on them. My scepticism arises from an experience, extending over sevoral years, in other tropical
colonies. The colonies to whieh I refer
belong to anothor European nation, and
it is commanly stated that tho Europeans in these colonies treat the natives
with great severity. But my experience
was that this statement was a libel;
and this experience has made me sceptical of accusations of harshness else-
whore).
The Principle of Nationality
The "principle of nationality," too,
has been invoked in relation to war
aims. But the respect of our rulers for
it is no moro single-minded than is their
7.en 1 for democracy pure. If, as they
proclaihi, independence or self-determination of nationalities is in itsolf a
guarantee of peaco, then, obviously, if
their aim is permanent world-peace, the
principle must be applied all round, But
in fact, the diplomats nnd statesmen of
the Entente appear to have taken up
the "principlo of nationality" chiefly
to uso it as a convenient nid to their
plans for weakening the enniy, in a
military sense, by, breaking up Austria-
Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria, and for
aggrandizing Italy, Roumania and Serbia,
The nature of tho secret bargains,
which brought Italy and Roumania into
tho war, sufficiently confesses that our
diplomats and statesmen are not primarily actuated in their map-drawing by a
pure regard for the principlo of nationality. The bargain with Italy we know
was not merely for thoso comparatively
small portions of Austria where the
population is mostly Italian (tho Tren-
tino, tho city of Trieste and the const
of Istria), but nlso for a largo area bohind the Istrian coast, both of which
aro inhabited by Slavs, and also for almost the whole length of Dalmatia,
along tho east side or thc Adriatic, in
which again the population is prnctical-
ly entirely Slavic, and contains in fact
fewer than 4. per cont. of Italians. The
bargain with Roumania was, we know,
not only for Translyvnnia, where Roumanians are just in a majority (constituting 55 per cent, of tho population),
but also for Bukovina, the Banat,
whieK is largely Serbian population, and
n largo area of Bulgaria, including the
port of Varna on the Black Sea.
On points in relation to which statesmen and the press suitably manipulate
the direction of the people's attention
the people's memory is short. The attention of tho people is now largely on-
grossed by the cry for the democratization of Germany; but, it may be recalled, in the whole of the long note of
January last, in which thc Entente's
peace terms were set forth, not n word
was breathed nbo.it the democratization
of Germany. Thc notevwas concerned
almost entirely with quostions of nationality and with re-drawing tho map
of Austria-Hungary and Southeastern
Europe.
Since,America's entry into the war,
Mr. Wilson has definitely repudiated tho
idea of dismembering Austria-Hungary,
and hns attempted to re-orientate the
war by declaring its chief object to be
the democratization of Germany. But
more important than this, in regard to
the Allies' terms of January last, has
been the occurrence of thc Russian revolution. The Pnn-SInvist idea had
boen employed by the rulers of Russia,
ns a convenient stalking horse; for an
imperialistic policy, somewhat in the
manner that the Allied diplomats proposed to employ tho "principle of nationality" as a convenient instrument
for breaking up Austria-Hungary; but
the liberation of Russia from its autocratic rulers, entirely destroyed the im-
norialistic chnrnetor of the Pan-Slnvist
idea, and mnde the Allies' terms obsolete. Hitherto, however, the Allies have
steadfastly refused to undertake any
official revision of their war aims.
A Confusion of Ainu
This refusal continues in spite of tho
fact .that there is an nlmost indescribable confusion in regard to the objects
of the war. It would be the easiest
matter in the world to quote numerous
instance* of blank contradiction bc-
tweon the declarations of one Allied
tntesman and those of another. It is
not difficult to understand why thoso
managing the wnr are reluctant to undertake an official revision of war nims,
and prefer to allow the confusion of
cross purposes to continue. In this con-
.•..,*_ —.:.  fusion, support for the wt
racy," what a pitiable Jigjro you will hnth from UllleoM and moderate, from
cut when a finer and freer generation impeHnlist and democrat, from profi-
view this "war for democracy" in the ;tcer fln(J _oor Furthermore, there is
calmer light of history! Oh, ideals for |thp fanf,or that if war aims were rc-
which our brothers nnd sons huve heen !  -   - ■
BAGGAGE
Delivered to end from all* trains,
y boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
none ns day or sight
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Bey. 4M-6-6 Union Station
WOOD
For sale "by
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800       1629 Main Street
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
flrat and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, Jaa. H. McVety; vlM-
president , J, Hobble; general seeretary,
Victor B. Midgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
sergeant-at-anns, Geo. Harrison; trastees,
J. H. MoVety. 0. J. Kelly, A. MeDenald,
A. j, Crawford.
ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES COUNCIL—
Meets, seoond Monday in the month. President,  Geo, Bartley;  seoretary, B. H. Net*
lands, P.O. Box 68,
BARTENDERS' LOOAL NO. 670—MEETS
first Sunday of eaeh month, Labor Temple.
President, Jobs Mania; fcnanetel secretary,
J. Smith, 610 Holden Bldg,, Box 434, Phone
Sey. 2572; recording secretary, Wm. MotU-
shaw, P.O. Box 424, Vaneoaver, B. C.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA*
tional Union of America, Loeal No. WO—
Meets aeoond and fourth Tuesdays la lha
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Orant, lflTl
Alberni street.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO.l—
Meets second ud fonrth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 807, President, Chas, T. Smith;
corresponding seoretary, W. S« Dagnall, Box
Ba' jhjancisl aeoretary, W. J. Pipes.
BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meets every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. w. Hatley; flnanolal aeeretary,
0. Thom; recording secretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phone fley. 7488-
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. NO. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A—Meets flrat and third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President; F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenue west.
SLATER'S
For Quality
Sliced Streaky Bacon, per lb.
at 36c and 40c
Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb    35c
Sliced Belfast Ham, lb    40c
Sliced Bnck Bncon, lb    40c
Slater's Tea, lb    30c
Slater's Coffee, lb.    25c
Finest Quality Lard,'2 lbs...   55c
DELIVERY TO ALL PARTS
131 Hastings St. East    Say. 3262
830 Granville St.      Sey. 916
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
KINO OP BICYCLES
They aro the finest bit of workman-
hip In tho bicycle world;  8 different
models ln varloty of colors.
Prices from 842.60 to $55.00, on
easy payments If desired.
HASKINS & ELLIOTT
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
616 Howe 8t,     412 Haatinga St  W.
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, asd
MOTHER'S FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION MILLED
J.  PHILLIPS A CO., Agents
Phone 5415 1228 Hamilton
OLELAND-DIBBLE    ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phona Seymonr 7169
Third   Floor,   World   Building
VANCOUVEB, B, 0.
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meets
overy Monday, 6 p.m. President, A, Campbell, 220 Second street; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe street; business
agent, 3. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
Temple.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No, 820—
Meets every Monday, i7:80 p.m.. Labor
Temple. Prosldent, F, L. Hunt; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
487 Gore avenue.    Russell Kearley, btislnem
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NoT'uM
—Meets In Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording
secretary,^ John Murdock, Labor Templo;
financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Lahor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'8' Association, Local 3852—Offlce and hall, 804
Pender stroet oast.    Meets every Thursday,
8   p.m.     Secretary-treasurer,     F.   Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I, L. A„ - LOOAL .38-32, AUXILIARY—
(Marine     Warehousemen     and     Freight
Handlers). Headquarters,   486 Howe street.
Meets   first   and   third   Wednesday,   8   p.m.
Secretary and business agont. E. Winch.
MACHINISTS'. NO. 182—MEETS SEOOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President,
J, Wallace;  recording secrotary, J. Brooks;
flnanclal secretary, J. H. McVety, Kotos 211
Lnbor Temple,    Seymour 7405. l
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA
tors'   Union,   Local   348,  I.  A.  T.  8.  E.
& M. P. M. 0.—Meots flrst Sanday of eaoh
month. Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. R,   Foster;  business  agent,   Sam Hnigh;
financial and corresponding Becrotary, 0. A.
Hanson, P.O. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets reconri and fourth Mondays,
Itonm 204, Labor Tomple. President, ,Ray
MeDougall, J028 Grant street; flnanclal dec-
rotary. J. Lyons, 1518 Venables street;
rocordlng secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point Oroy ropd.    Phone Bayview 2879L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, I/OOAL
No. 138—Meets second and fourth Thursdays of each month, Room 303, Lahor
Temple. Prosidont, D. Hughes; vlne-presl-
dent, D, Huslies; financial-sec, L. Amos;
recording secretary, 8. Gould, 2149 Georgia
street east.
RETAIL CLERKS1" UNION, LOCAL 279—
Meets In Lnbor Temple every flrst and
third Tuesdays. 8'15 p.m. Preaident. Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer. Archibald P. Glen,  1078  Melville
street.    Phona_ 8ey._5846R.	
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION. NO. 15*5
—Meots second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m., Lnhnr Temple. President, 0.
Sonms; recording seeretary; W, Hardy, 445
Twenty-third street west, North Vanconver;
financial secretary, 8. Phelps.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
fOAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
^* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leaBcd for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an
acre. Not more than 2,5(30 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agont or Sub-
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situated,
In surveyed territory the., land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and in nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himsolf.
Eai	
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees. Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wednesdays nt 8 p.m. President. J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. S. Cleveland; reeordlng aeeretary .A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce comer Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN . TAILORS* ■ UNION OF
America. Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday In ench month. 8 p.m. President. J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president. W.
Larson! recording secretary, W. W. HecVen,
Box 503; flnanclal secretary. T. W»«d, P.O.
Box 508
general" iSamsters*   and  OHAUF-
fenrs' Union, Local No. 855—Meets every
Wednesday nt 8 p.m. President, W, 3.
Brown; business agent, J. F. Peele, 416
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Fair. 7tSR;
flnnncial see-rotary. Bert Showier, T678 Robson street, Phone Sey. 5879. Office, Room
218, Labor Templo.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. NO. «««—
Meets Inst 8nndsv nf each month at 9
p.m.. President W. R. ArmatTimr: vice-
president, R. G, Marshall; secretarvtreasurer,
R. H. Neelands. PO   Bot 86.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
buried in thc blaster! torrnin of once-
fruitful Picardy, it ia now your fntc to
bo called in by rulers nnd diplomats
only when everything "bettor" hnn to
be relinquished, But your futc will not
always be such. By thc tnken of those
who, sincerely, have ns they thought,
fought for you on the battlefield, »n*8
of thoso who hnvo fought for you at
home, you shnll, in a brighter and moro
enlightened future, triumph yot.
Perversion of Ideals
The ruling clnss degrndo and porvort
every finely-conceived principle of human association which they touch. Law
and order, defence against aggression,
democracy, nationality—the principle of
law and ordor is perverted into a protection of their own privileged position,
the principle of defence into militarism,
the principlo of domocrncy into a support of conscription, the principle of nationality into a mere military weapon.
Tho ono case in which the Entente
hns now definitely accepted,tho democratic principlo of consulting tho wishes
of tho inhabitants of disputed territory
ns to their future allegiance is n enso
in which thoy believe the principlo will
sorvo an annexationist and strategic
purpose, nnmcly, in reference to the
German colonies. Those foreign officeB,
which could not be moved by tho Congo
atrocities, hnvo recently becomo pecu-
linrly solicitous for tho welfnro of tho
nntives, whom it is alleged, havo boen
harshly troatod by the GermanB. When
the democratic principlo has boon suggested in tho cases of India and Egypt,
the ruling class has laughed at such applications of it as visionary or doctrinaire; yet the inhabitants of India and
Egypt aro highly-educated whon compared with tho inhabitants of tropical
Africa nnd New Guinen. (En passant,
I mny romark that I am somewhat
scoptical as to the justice of the cur-
acb application must be accompanied by
n fee of 85 whicli will bo rounded If the
rights applied for nre not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rati
of five conts per ton.
The person operating the mino shall fur
nlsb the Agent with sworn returns accounting
_     . _             for   the   full quantity of  merchantable coal
n ..'.  fusion, support for the wnr is obtained i min*d »n,d W the royalty thereon    If the
Wl!1 .hnth frnmMmIHaam and mrt^««t«   ft-*™ I M*{ inlnln8   ri&nt".."!!   "2*   Yu'a °Pwft,Hl: i aua   wmaon   s
such   returns, should  be   furnished  at  least I n "jZ,"  d
once a year. - P0™0'-*"
Tho lease will Include the coal mining
righta only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 4fi
Oeorge V, assented to 12th June, 1914.
vised to accord with the highest professions thnt have been mnde in regnrd to
For full Information application should bi>
made to the Secretary of the Department of
thc Interior, Ottawa, or to nny Agent or Sub
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MfJETB
In annual convention In January. Attentive officers, 1917 18: President, J. N-ayler,
Box 415, Cumberland; vice-prosldeih-—Vancouver: Jas, 11. McVety, V. R. Mldgley,
Labor Temple, Victoria: J. ffayJtr, Roy
1315. Vancouver Island: W. Hea*._8s«tb
Wellington. Prince Rnpert: W. I. Vhemp
aon, Box 694. New Westminster: W. Yates.
908 London atreet. Kootenay ViaMot: A.
Goodwin, Box 26, Trail. Crown Nwt Valley: W. B, Phillips, 176 McPhersoa avonue.
Secretary-treasurer: A. S. Wells, Box 1588,
Victoria, B. C.
.mp   fl
VICTORIA
TRADES       AND       LAKOB
Council—Mci>ts( first   and   third   Wsdjies-
them, Oormany would accept thcra and , ^"Kl"'l..n.i. ,    .„.. ..... .„„  „„„  WM,„.
Ihe war would be nt nn end.   It should , •»     W. W. CORY,       jdays. Labor Halt. 1424 Oovernment streot
be remembered that a war alwaya tends i    „   n    „ Deputy Minister of Interior      at 8 p.m.    President, B. Slmmais;    vies-
- •' -       N.   B.—Unauthorised   publication   of   this I president,  T. Dooley,   1278  Denmm street-
secretary,   A.   fi.   Wells,   Box   302,   TlHarla!
to degenerate into n mere fight, nnd   ndwt&ment'wiii not be' paid for.—88576.
thnt the chief goal held in view by the
majority of people tends to bc mere
victory. They desire the sweet consciousness of victory; thoy want to feel
victorious. .Indeed Lloyd George was
in nccord with war-time conditions
when he said, "Victory is moro important than mere terms."
WHOSE  WAR?
The present European war is not a people's war. It is not a race war. Prior to
Its outbreak no national boundaries were
menaced, no national honor • was assailed,
Even today, after eighteen months of conflict, thoro is no agreemont as to what the
war Is about. Pour hundred million peoplo
nre engngod In a death struggle, fifty billions of wenlth htft. already beon wasted, all
Europo is n chnrnel houso, nnd the cause of
It Is shrouded in mystery. The wnr is not
n struggle of Klnv nnd Teuton, of Anglo*
Saxon nnd Lntin. Thero is no rnco surge,
no race hunger for lands of other peoples;
there Is no lust for overseas expansion as an
outlet for nn overcrowded population at
homo. There is no such thing as rri'ce hatred
nmong tho people. This Is a Action of tk*,*
press, of foreign ministers, of tht
classes. People do not want war.
springs from causes wholly outsidej
Interests nnd feelings of the people.!
wars mado by tho peoples. There,
some excuse for wars if they i
even iu democratic countries agfl
consulted. No poll of tho votrti
no effort Is mnde to nscei'
inn. Even the elected reprei
register their assent to an at
, . , Tons of millions of
tnken from their homes
trenches for reasons
"xplnined to thom or h;
Ilnnces In whose makli _^^,,
priety the people hnd'M^valoe. Wars nre
mnde  by irresponsible iMMrehs,  hy  ruling
/
LECKIE'S
High-
grade
Street and Office
They are srpart, both in finish
and design.-, *
^jWfjfflV' utmost stylo thnt is
afPntrat with good tnste.
•rjjfkyfione tr,io comfort—gonuine
JpSvejiso in every case.
B'-^give a mnn an inwnrd sense of
tfofng perfectly Bhod,
—are   eminently   well-suited   to
British Columbin weather conditions.
ON SALE at your favorite
shoe-dealers. Sixteen different
stylos—all Bizes—all widths.
Eithor black or tan. With or
without "Noolin" soles, AbIc
for a pair todny, t,
INTERNATIONAL
Brewory Workmen, Local No. 28#"-He«tB
at K. of P. hall, North Park sHirt, n
the second and fonrth Thursdays tf each
month. President, E. Orr; soorelaiy, W.
Em Bryan, 2642 Scott streot. Victoria, 1. C.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LIAfPE
of America, Local 784, New Westarfistar.
Meets second Sunday of ench month at 1:86
p,m.   Secretary, J1. W, Jameson, Bn 401.
PRINOE ROPEBT, S. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND SIIOR
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, ln Carpenters' hall.
President, S. D. Macdonald; seoretary, W. E.
ThompBon, Box 278, Princo Rnpert, B, C.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. af A.— '
Meets seoond and fourth Sundaya of each
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording secretary, James Bateman;
financial secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J. H, Richardson^	
TRAIL, B. 0.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND
Joiners, Local No. 285—Meets In Miners'  <
Hall,   everv Wednesday,   7:Bft  p.m.    President, H. Bell; aeeretary, fni Caaaal, V. 0.
Drawer 8., Trail, B. 0.
To members of any union ln Canada a
speolal rate for The Federatlonist of fl
per year—If a club of 10 or more la sent
PRINTING
COWAN 4 BBOOEHOT78B
Labor Temple Pren    S»y. MM
M ORUIAL   PAPER* VAKOOOVEK
TliDBB  AMD  LABOB   OOUWJn.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
a—ma. una am
nm rrananoi or um
£J
TENTH YEAR.   No. 2
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 11,1918
(tn Tiwmn
I Oitr.ii.oo J
$1.50 PER YEAR
See Dr. Lowe
-^--^£ -    —
NEW TEETH ... GOOD HEALTH ... LONG LIFE
There is no sense in going around feeling seedy because
•f poor or missing teeth and the ailments whioh are
caused on that account.
New Teeth Will Brace You Up
Dr. Lowe replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that in
Many instances will do the work as well and look better
than your original teeth.
IT WUL FAY YOU TO SEE DR. LOWE TODAY
Br. Lowe's prices, valuo consideredj'tore reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
Opposite Woodward's Big Store
108 Hastings St. W.    (Oor. Abbott)    Phone Sey. 5444
January Sale
We are placing on sale many odd lines in Clothing,
Hats, Shirts, etc.
Many lines in our Boys' Department at greatly reduced prices. Watch our ads. in the daily press, and
our windows.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
An Ominous Yellow Cloud
Is Appearing Upon the
Western Horizon
Charmeuse Satin
A Beautiful Material at a Popular Price
You will want to see this Charmeuse Satin because, at the
priee, it represents an unusually good value. It is a very nice
quality and the shades arc numerous, including rose, scarlet,
fleeh, emerald, navy, Russian green, mahogany, plum, taupe,
Copenhagen, mole, sky, pink, canary, black and white. The
regular price of this material is $3.50 a yard. * ry ry £
Oar special \y__, f O
SABA BROS., Limited
THE BILK SPECIALISTS
! ORANVILLE STBEET
What Style of Hat
Do You Wear?
Wo carry HATS to suit overy face
or figure Your shade—your sizo is
horo. With that point settled, remember we tnko care of quality and style.
LATEST SOPT FELTS AND DERBIES
THE VERY NEWEST IN CAPS
Richardson & Potts Ltd.
417 Granville St. Near Oor. HaBtings
^ABOBJ
.•.Hill'' pit ANO T^*[
ICOFFEg
CANADA'S BEST COFFEE
IM* ABOB Coffee is paoked by the vacuum process, which
keeps in all its fragrance, freshness and flavor.
There is no other coffee quite so good.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year'i wbiorlptlon to Ths B.
0. Federation^, will be mailed to any td-
dreu in Canada for 110. (Good anywhere
ontiide of Vancouver city.) Order ten today.   Pemlt when told.  ^^
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
Jiyikll
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
S«um*ir
aio
1001 KADI BTBBBT
Does It Presage Passing of
Autocracy and Coming
of Democracy?
It has beon said that "straws show
whieh way the wind blowa." -Probably
it is true that straws might indicate
the direction of the wind, to persons
possessed of even rudimentary powers
of observation, but thero are many persons in thia world wb,o are so dull of
comprehension, that nothing of Iobb
balk than a full bale of straw seriously
and detorminedly bont upon pursuing a
definite courso, being impelled thereto
by atmospheric disturbance of tornado-
liko proportions, would prove a weather-
vane of aufficiontly penetrating virtue
to drive an understanding of wind direction into their thick heads. There
are numerous bits of news floating in
upon the dirty tide of tho daily press,
however, that point with unerring certainty to the direction in which the
economic wind is being deliberately
blown, by the sinister interests that
dominate the political and economic
lifo of the so-called civilized nations of
the earth at the present time.
t "Foreign Laborers"
Naive, indeed, is the announcement
mado by a local daily sheet of capitalism a couple of* days since, that "foreign laborers in large numbers may be
employed in the Dominion.'' It appears
that tho Canadian Bailway Board has
decided to petition the government "to
take up the metal on linos that are not
vital," and that this will make it necessary to "hold over certain .clasBefl of
labor continually passing through Canada to Europe," in order to handle it.
Now, it so happens that the only
labor that could very well pass through
"Cnnada to Europe'' is Oriental labor,
and aB it is well-known that a continual
stream of that brand of the commodity
has been pouring through for many
months past, it is almost aa plain aa a
pikestaff, that it is this yellow variety
of goods that thc eminently truthful
press makes reference to.
That tho censorship our masters have
ao thoughtfully set over ua for our own
good has requested the press to make
no mention of this yellow traffic eastward, has been overlooked by the aforesaid press Is, no doubt, due to that
well-known weakness with which mankind is afflicted, to let loose the tongae
in glad acclaim when joy auperlative
entoretb the heart,
So delighted are the well-whipped
puppies of the press over tbo approaching realization of that perfect bliBB of
which both thoy and their maatera have
long beon dreaming, that tbey spontaneously bark their joy, utterly unmindful
of the gentle cautions of the censorship.
Thnt the "yellow peril" is coming ia
quito sufficient to attune tbeir yapping
soula to the beatitudes of a ruling claBS
heavenly jungle that is to come, in
which the wolves shall be white and the
goats yellow.
Tbe Coming of Democracy
As tbe white workors of tbe Dominion depart from its eastern sbores to
beard tbo lion of autocracy in its European den, what more meet and proper
than that the yellow democracy of the
Orient be landed upon our western
shores to make good the shortage.
If the white slaves are to be fed to
tho furnace of bloody war in Europe,
and the yellow democrats be not
brought in to take their places, who is
to "keep tbe home Urea burning" for
tbat gallant band of patriots which
valiantly "doea its bit" by staying at
bome and turning as many boneBt pennies of profit as possible out of tho
blood and guts of heroes, and the agony
of those they have left behind them.
Be tbat us it may, however, tbe only
democracy now in sight is one in which
the masters will bo white and tbe slaves
yellow. And it seems that is the only
kind we are fighting for in this noble
struggle agninst brutal autocracy.
Wonder How the Women Like It
It would be interesting to know just
bow tbe mothers, wivea and sisters of
aoldiers, wbo so valiantly supported tho
"Unionist" gang at the recent election
feel about it now.
Are thoy still confident that they did
the wiso thing in aiding in tho fastening of still further iniquities upon this
favored land,-for which their male relatives are bo gallantly fighting upon the
bloody fields of Europef
Do they still believe tbe promises
made them during the campaign, in order to gain thoir support, will be fulfilled 1
Can they see in this latest move to
flood the Dominion with Oriental labor
anything to bring sheer to the henrta
of their men If they are bo fortunate as
to return from the trencbea, either unscathed or maimed and crippled!
And as thiB miserable phantasmagoria of deceit and swindle that has been
perpetrated upon them and their men
folks unfolds itsolf before them, will
they even then learn to nevermore place
any reliance in thoso whose interests
lio in the direction of ruling and robbing the rest of their kindt
Whon tho survivors of the war return
from Europo to find perhaps thousands
of Oriontals in the employments that
they, ob white slaveB, held beforo tho
war, will thoy, too, begin to realize tho
atrocious crime that has been perpetrated upon them by the political and
economic ruling class ruffians who hnve
not only deceived them into the war,
but betrayed them while thoy were
fighting for what they supposed wai a
just and worthy oause t
Timt alone will tell the tale.
Tlie Only School
Considered philosophically, however,
everything Is as it should bc.   There is
MBS. E. H. LUNDE
Nee Miss Laura Caroline Hughes, well-known
to the organized labor movement In Can-
uda, of Toronto, who married Mr. Erling
H. Lumle on December 29, and is now a
resident of Chicago. The FederationiBt
joins with a legion of friends in wishing
Mr. and Mrs. Lunik a long and happy
journey through life, und may they both
continue to assist the Labor movement in
the overthrow of the profiteering syBtem,
OF
LABORTEMPLECO.
1.15
Directors Will Draft Recommendations Tomorrow
Evening
but one school in which mankind ever
learns anything. And that is the school
of experience. It is folly to expect to
teach a child that fire will burn its
fingers, by profound and lengthy discourse upon the scientific reasons why
such a result will bo inevitable. There
is but ono way in which tho child can
and will learn, and that is by actual
contact with the fire itself. With its
fingers a few times severely singed
through contact with the flames, it will
acquire the necessary respect for .fire
to insure its keeping its fingers out of
it in the futuro.
Perhaps in the courBe of a few thousand years more, the Blaves of the ruling class will have suffered sufficient
bitter experience at thc Sands of their
rulers that they will perhaps realize,
not only their slavery, but the unadulterated and everlasting perfidy of the
class that rules and robs thehi.
Having learned, through experience,
the perfidy and utter un scrupulousness
of their rulers, they will no longer
place faith in thoir promises, nor accept
their authority. Having learned the
painful effects of contact with fire tbey
will henceforth keep their fingers out
of it.   At least let us hope so.
In the meantime watch out for the
advent of yellow democracy, for it is
coming to you, and it is tfoout due.
Splendid Program Carried
Through in Fine
Style
HEDLEY, B. C, Jan. 1.—The miners
and muckers and their families of this
camp celebrated ClniBtmas in the usual
style, with all the uld pomp and glory,
despite tbe bloody wur now going on.
Bro. Mottishaw acted ns chairman, nnd
I believe it wus the only Christmas
gnthoring whero each und every man
was thc proud possessor of a union
card.
Following is the programme:
Speech by the chairman; BDng, school
children; recitation, Hoy McDougan; recitation, Lucille Messenger; recitation, Lillle
Pierce; Chirstmas song, Alice Mottishaw;
recitations, Wesley Messenger, Jean Robertson, Gordon MeDougall; song, Alice Mottishaw.
Adult Programme
Quartette, "Joy to the World," Bro,
Tucker, Hambloy, Cadwull, Trezona, Hancock; ipiarteto, "Old Black Joe," Bro. Tucker, Hambloy, Cadweli, Trezona, Hancock;
duet, Larboard Watch," Bros. Hancock and
Cadweli; duet, "Polly Welly Doodle," Mrs.
Hancock and Pierce; song, "Roaming in the
Gloaming," Bro. Rotles; quartette, "Do
the Eastern Sages Rise," Bros. Tucker,
Cadweli, Trezona, Hambley and Hancock;
duet, "List to the Convent Bolls," Mr. and
Mrs. Hancock; quartette, "What with Resplendent Beauty." Bros. Tucker, Caldwell,
Hambloy, Trezona, Hancock; A Skirl on the
PipeB, Win. Smith; "We'll Hao a Wither
Dram or Klse a Near Beer," Rod Morriion;
"At the Sound ot tho Pipes, Mrs. W. Smith.
Dan McLeod danced tho "Scottish Be-hot-
tlsche." That little Kong sung by tho milkmen of Vancouver. "Shall We Gather at
the River" was sung by Mrs. Peterson and
Miss Richardson,
Bro. Chlsholm brought tho happy ovoning
to a close by a speech appropriate to the
occasion,
Bro. Hancock acted as Santa Claus and
distributed tho presents. Bro. Brown had
all the trouble of collecting tho necessary
funds. Much praise is due to the ladies who
took so much trouble In decorating the
Christinas tree and selecting tho presents
for the children, but their work was doubly
repaid wben thoy saw the enjoyable evening
the children and, in fact, everyone present
had. W. SMITH.
Local Labor Officials Confident Membership Will
Vote for Assessment
"I'm mighty glad to see that the
Labor Temple Co. directors are going
to make another attempt to get the
Labor Tomplo out of hock. It ought to
bo possiblo now for tho unions to dig
up a measly assessment of $1 per month
from each member for the three months
as suggested in last issue of The Fed.
If the Vancouver unions over were in
a position to put the Labor Temple
on easy street that time is now. Why,
wc have some 9,000 dues-paying members affiliated with tho central labor
body now, aB against about half that
number this time last year. Most of
our membership are steadily employed
at tolerably decent wages and surely
there isn't a man nmong them who
would begrudge $1 a month for three
months to restore the Home of Organized1 Labor to the membership."
Thus an active Labor Temple business agent summed up the situation yesterday. And from a general canvasB
of local union officials it is evident
that thero is a pretty general desire
on the part "of the membership to assist
the Labor Temple Co. directorate in
carrying through the plan to raise sufficient money, by the sale of unsold
shareB, to pay off arrearages in intoreBt,
taxes, etc., accumulated during the past
three years as a result of war-time conditions.
Directors to Meet Tomorrow
The directors will meet again tomorrow, evening to receive the report of
Sec.-Treas. McVety, who left for Seattle on Monday evening and returned
yesterday morning, to secure information covering the procedure of levying
an assessment through the central
labor body. Mr. McVety, of course,
preferred to make no statement today,
pending tho directors' meeting.
Directorate Changes Provable
The shareholders' meeting takes
place next Tuesdny evening, Jan. 15,
and, inasmuch as thero has been no
such meoting for twenty-three months,
it is expected that a number of changes
will be made in the personnel of the
directorate and that new blood will be
infused into the campaign for tho redemption of tho Labor Temple, President Pettipiece announces that he will
not be a candidato for re-election. He
feels, us one who has been identified
with the company since its inception,
in fuct was the first secretury-trensurer,
that thero should be u general shake-
up and chango in the directorate with
a view to creating now nnd incrensed
interest in the affairs of the compnny.
He expressed, however, n willingness to
assist in uny campaign which mny bo
launched for the sale of shares. Olher
directors, too, huve decided to give
someone else u chnnce to assume sonic of
the responsibilities of restoring the
Lubor Temple to the membership and
the development of a policy calculated
to make ends meet. Becnuse of this
attitude it is essentinl that the shareholders make provision for tho new
mntoriul, ao thnt the best possible results may be obtuined.
THE RESURRECTION
The snake is sliding through tho grass; the
tiger waits to spring;
Tha maggot In the minds o' men resumes Kb
maggotlng;
Tha   corpse  re-breathes  the   breath of  ltfc,
and, doing as it's bid,
Projects   a   ahudder-rnisin,!   hand  above   Its
•ioffi wid.
The carrion crow "quark-quarts" again—
for borne upon tho broese
Ib that which Alls its belly, witb excreta of
disease,;
Thc engle'B poised to pounce upon the entrails of its prey;
Tho shark has filed its teeth because the
blood-scent's In the spray,
The viper fills its venom fangs; the squid
orisB-orosBly oils
A-tbrough the foam, prepared to spit corruption from its guta;
Tbe cesspit stirs in eagerness r the sewer
cannot quell
IU on* desiro to multiply, tenfold, its spewy
smell.
And   town   tn   Hell   tha   Devil   laughs—hla
•aehlnatloa rolls
Anldat the   flames   that   starify   tbe   brim-
atona-eovered aoala.
Tha anell of blood Is In the air-—sniff, sniff,
ye monsters all    .    .    .
Conscription   shambles   from   its   grava,   a-
vomiting Its galll
—R.   J.   Cassldy   in   Australian   Worker,
during recent conscription campaign
Advancing Civilization
[B. A. A.  Graham, Tojieka, Kas.]
i—At flrst, from lack of means, meu could
nut kill each other.
2—Thon they used clubs and stones.
3—The use of clubs soon suggested thp
tying on the end a stone fur increased efficiency.
-—Then tho stone wub made Into a real
bam mor.
5—Then sharpened, becoming an axe.
ti—The lengthening uf tbe blade mado a
sword, All these improvements increased
man's killing power. Tlie club had another
development.
7—Into tho pike.
8—Then tho spear.
B—Then the dirk.
10—Then the  bayonet,
This second line of Improvements aUo
increased man's killing power.
11—These improved clubs were first wielded or thrown by the hand.
12—Then by bows in tho shape of arrows.
Vi—Then by catapults as great projectiles.
1-t—Stones wero also first thrown oy hand.
15—'Then by slings.
lti—Then as balls of guns.
17—Then gas expansive bullets and exploitive shells by great machines operating
on chemical principles.
IS—Men first poisoned their arrowB.
19—But now they envelop thu ouitlefleld
with clouds uf poisonous gases, blinding if
nut killing.
20—At lirst men fought only on the land.
21—Then on tho water.
22—Then under the water.
2;i—Then in the air.
24—Tho Btrong men of the trlue, men constituting tho rogularly-fortned nrinli'H, alone
fought and killed eaeh other for fame, for
glory, for a name, after u solemn declaration.
2fi—But now men, women und children
are murdered for dominion, for puwer, for
money, without warning.
And thus tbe human raco is seen to havo
advanced 25 points in civilisation.
We must not, howover, entertain such a low
idea of ourselves as to conclude that here
must the progress of our civilization stop.
The fiold for Invention and improvement will
alwaya continue great, for we are dealing
with the limitless. Bouie day will arise a
great intellect, still a greater, and still yet
a greater, until eventually a machine will be
porfocted sufficiently powerful to kill the
whole human raco at ono discharge.       *
This is bb far as civilization need go.
Tha Revolution ^
Aye, we beheld it, tlie uld world crumbling; u now will rise therefrom; for tho
lofty goddeHS lleason comes rustling on tho
wings of Btonn, her stalely head ringed round
with lightnings, a sword In her rinht hand, a
torch in her left. Her eye Is iitin, i» punitive, Is cold; and yet whnt warmth of purest
love, what wealth ui happiness streams forth
toward him who dares to look with utead-
fast gazing into that eye I Hustling she comes
the over-rejuvenating mother of mankind; destroying and fulfilling, she fares aeross the
earth; before her soughs the storm, and
shakes so fiercely at man's handiwork that
viut clouds of dust eclipse thc sky, and
whore her mighty foot 1b net, there falls In
ruins what an Idle whim had built for ai-ons;
the hem of her robe sweeps Its last remains
away. But in her wake thero opeas nut ■
never-dreamt paradise. Illuminated hy kindly
sunbeams, and where her foot bad tradden
down spring fragrant flowers from the soul
and Jubilant sonic* of freed mankind Wl tha
nlr. scarno silent from tho din of battle.—
Richard Wagner.
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PY breaking the Drug Combine we have solved
the problem in Vancouver of the high cost of
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Compare the prices and service at our stores with
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Vancouver Drug* Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists j
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hutlngi Bt. W. Phones Bay. 1966 A 1866
BRANCH 8TOEE8:
7 Hutlngi Street Wett Seymour SA—
782 OranviUe Street Sermonr 7013
2711 Oranvllle Street Bar 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street *> Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 ft 17330
Hall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and service I
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
THE BEST IN MEN'S SHOES
We aio always ready to give you thc BEST VALUES for
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We arc untiring in our efforts to provide for our men patrons
the BEST SHOES THAT ARE MADE.
We've Men's Shoes for All Purposes
The Ihgledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVltLE STREET
The nickel is no longer
adequate to provide a
good street car service
Owing to increased expenses, street railways require more revenue, if the public is
to receive efficient service.
In nearly 100 centres in Canada and the
United States, fares have increased to as
much as eight cents, where they were five
cents before.
While recognizing the increased cost of service, Dr. Adam Shortt forbids any increase
in city fares but recommends that the oat-
lying lines should pay "not the full, but some
approximate relation to the cost of service
rendered."
The street railway cannot go on giving service at less than cost indefinitely.
Cfi\A9&ckic rmit ruun
^^W^^off^no.^^^wDumDT^^^fflJOBTv^^TvWT^^
IB. t
PobUahad afarj Friday morning by tba B. 0.
radaratloalit, Idmlttd
ft. Pitm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Eichange Beymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
IT one, or more, in authority have been
11 I grossly negligent in enforcing that pre-
11 jciouB conscription law. The Federation-
! ist feels quite safe in assuming that
' there are some thousands of men of
military age under the aet right here in
Britiah Columbia who have not yet offered themselves-i for crucifixion according to tho provisions duly made and required by tbe act. And rumors bave
reached thiB offico that in a province
called Quebec—somewhere down east—
there aro a still greater number who
have neither hoard their master's voice,
nor yet the call of their king and country. Perhaps the call has not yet been
loud enough in oither case.   If so, why
Victoria..
SntMOripUoo: $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
Oity, $2,00;  to unions  subscribing
in  a  body,  $1.00.
BEPRE8BNTATIVES
Naw Weatminater. W. Tatea, Box 1021 [ does not that loyal and eminently effici-
Wye Rnpert..._...S. D. Macdonald  Box 268 ! ont agOTOffation of political talent into
**" -•.--■•■-•A- a-_w*"B- jgJSg whQM wjable hands the electorate so
<*&$!s&?. spontaneously and overwhelmingly, and
of their own volition and accord, of
course, placed the democratic tnandate
of ruling, conscripting and otherwiso
using as it sees fit the manhood of
Canada, see to it that these "slackers"
—beg pardon—"deserters," are rounded up and sent forth to their task of
redeoming the seriously threatened
world from thc clutch of that autocracy
that would ravon and devour? Yob,
why not. Is the "Unionist" aggregation incapable, or is it afraid? Is the
appetite of the military beast satiated?
Lot evory riproaring democrat arise in
his wrath and demand, both action and
an answer.
A
OF
IN I HP OF
1
"Unity of Labor:  tba Rope of the World"
PKDAT January 11, 1918
BUT A SHORT month ago the welkin was mado to ring with the
noisy vociferations of hungry aspirants for seats at the government pie
cointer, who, spurred on by a loyalty
and    zeal    that
THE OBEAT none could quos-
NOISE AND THE       tion, boralded to
GREATER SILENCE, thc    world    the
awful     consequences that woro sure to follow the
defeat of their aspirations.   The fate,
not only of Europe, but of all civilaza-
tioa, hung upon the rosult of the elec-
tie* in Canada, and if either the Liberal or "Unionist," which are only two
names for hide-bound and reuction-en-
crasted autocracy, was to be believed,
dire would be the consequences to the
entire world in case of the defeat of
tke one and the triumph of the other.
In the event of the triumph of tho Lib-
oral gang, thc war was to bo abandoned, as far as Canada is concerned, and
the early defeat of the AIHob thus inevitably assured.   Tho "kaiser" would
speedily come into the full realization
of his dream of "world conquest," and
Prussian   "kultur"   and   its   military
jackboot would eventually  encompass
tbe earth.   It is easy to understand,
that with thc withdrawal of Canada
from the conflict—which as a matter of
fact was never even contemplated by
Amy one—the speedy defeat of the Allies would be assured.   There could be
no question about that.
*      *      *
Upon the othor hand, the success of
tke procious "Unionist" scheme was
te assure such a continued and vigorous
prosecution of the war by Canada, that
the  kaiser  and  his  military  cohorts
would  be speedily  brought   to   their
knees, and the toost glorious cause of
world democracy be justified through-
oat the length and breadth of the earth.
It was generally conceded, by thc noisy
and brazen advocates of conscription
and the Borden uplift policies in general, that the kaiser could not sleep o'
nights pending thc result of tho olection   in   question.      And   well   might
his nervous condition have been such as
to preclude tho possibility of sound and
refreshing slumber in the face of such,
circumstances.   Evidently divine provi- j
deuce was against him, however, for the
Borden Nemesis, that so persistently
camped upon his trail, won out and The
Federationist   fully   expected   to   be
speedily called upon to chornicle the
joyous faot that he had succumbed to
tlie fate that Canadian statesmanship
of the highest order had so carefully
prepared for him, and which Canadian
militarism was at least supposed to be
competent to deliver.
r
Also Reminiscences of the
Late Scrap to Save
Democracy
HE ATTENTION of many of tho
workers of B. C, outside of that
district itsolf, will be centered ,„VJ.U,„ ,v
upon the coming bye-election in New- [ he neods
castle, on Vancouver Island. Tho cam
p a i g n involved
BYE-ELEOTION marks the re-en
IN NEWCASTLE trance of J. H. Haw-
DISTRICT thornthwaite     into
active participation
in tho political life of this province.
From 1903 to 1914 "Jim" was the
"member for Nanaimo" in the provincial house. Ho hold the sent ns a socialist, boing elected thereto by tho class-
conscious and thoroughly wide-awake
miners of that constituency.
During that period, and that period
only, was the voice of Labor, in its demands and tho expression of its aspirations, ovor heard in the provincial parliament. Upon every occasion thc interests and demands of the workers
were pressed upon the attention of thc
house and it was frequently noted that
more of the timo of the house was
taken up with the consideration of
lnbor and other renlly progressive matters, than all else combined.
How Liberals of Newcastle
Pussy-foot to Dodge
the Undertaker
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, Jan.
6.—A terrible accident occurred to an
old-time resident hero during the early;
hours of the morning, on a day towards j
tho close of last year.   Thc victim is i
doing ns well as can be expected.   Latest bulletins inform us that he is resting easy.   The victim is our esteemed
secrotary, Bro. Bateman.   Ho suffered a
sovore attack of matrimony.   We hopo
to seo him sitting up nnd taking notice
before long.    However, hero's hoping
wnshtub as long as a boxcar.
Conditions here arc beginning to approach normal, after the big drive of
the Scissor Bills on Doc. 17, that famous
day. No German eagles have been
sees hovering over South Wellington
yet, as predicted by sonic of thc mouth-
patriots; neither has the win-the-war
bunch succeeded in winning tho war
yet.
A Reign of Terror
During these troublous times one is
almost forced to admire thc I.W.W.
for the terror they strike into tho hearts
of the apologists of the capitalist sys-
*"•"     Our   secretary   took   a   trip  to
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jan. 13—Sawyers and
Filers, Musicians, Saw Filers'
Association.
MONDAY, Jan. 14r-Trades and
Labor Exec, Amalgamated Engineers, Pattern Makers, Boiler
Makors, Stoam Engineers, Iron
Workers, U. B. Carpenters No.
617, Electrical Workers, Bro.
Loco. Engineers.
TUESDAY, Jan. 15—Book Binders, Butchers and Meat Cutters, Railway Firemen, Retail
Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16—Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Plasterers,
Metal Trades Council, Brewery
Workors.
THURSDAY Jan. 17—Trades
and Labor Council, Mainten-
anco-of-Waymen.
FRIDAY, Jan. 18—Railway Carmen, Granite Cuttors, Pile
Drivers and Wooden Bridge-
builders, Civic Employees,
Molders, United Warehousemen
Association, Minimum Wage
League,
MD
S. J. Crowe, M.P.-elect, and
Aid. Kirk, Show Their
True Colors
"#" ""*     ■ *     "
And it was the irrepressible "Jim"
who forced these questions to the front.
During one term he wns ably assisted
by John  Mclnnis from   Grnnd  Forks
*        *        #
But large in volume and particularly
resonant in quality is the profound nil
district, but who wns unfortunately de
feated for thc succeeding term. Dur
ing thc balance of the timo ho was
practically unsupported in the house,
with the exception of such weak assistance as was given him by a certain
Parker Williams, who had been elected
us a socialist, but has since returned
to his Liberal vomit, like unto thc dog
of scriptural reference.
*        * *
Howthornthwaite has probably as
complete a grasp of the present world
situation and the revolutionary position
that economic evolution and world
catastrophe has forced upon thc working class, as any man upon this western
continent. Without that grnap and
knowledge no man is qualified to repre-
sent the interest of the working class,
oither in a house of parliament or anywhere else. Besides these qualifications
"Jim" iB a born fighter. Being Irish
thnt goes without saying. And he is
nlso a parliamentarian of such uncanny
ence which has enveloped the Dominion I 8h,w.d,,CRs " *» make his very pres-
.       ..      .   . *7 -   ■   niuu ence in a capitalist parliament a von-
since the winning of that notable vie-1 table reign of terror for thoso sinister
tory for loyalty, patriotism and devo-jnnd baneful interests thnt usually nest
tion to the noble causo of democracy s0 securely in these ruling-class citadels.
■on the 17th of last month. The voice ■Hia return to the houso at Victoria will
of the noisy and blustering braggart!cause more commotion and distress
ha* been hushed into a silence that is j among the bats, owls and earwigs there-
positively and convincingly eloquent of |'u ensconced, than would thc arrival
the fact that his racket was merely ' n* n wolf in sheopfold. But with his
stage thunder, necessarily preliminary; return will again come tho opportunity
to the conquest of the pie-counter! for Labor to be heard in its demands
trenches. Once there for an assured against thc master class thnt so ruth-
period, the danger that loomod so I lessly rules and robs.
threatingly upon the Canadian horizon, | *        *        #
antf assumed tho hidoous mien of tho |    _. ,
war lord of the aggressive moustache, | The workers nnd farmers of the New-
melted away into nothingness liko dew j castle district can make no mistake in
under the morning sun. Tho sinister < returning Hawthornthwaite to thc
interests that havo been and are still u «■■ ^    t      ...       .  *
bleeding tke wealth producer, oCan* {}'""_, "'" ™°t wI,0"T.,hore *"*"r0
»da to tie queen'. taste, war or no war, s„ "»" \ * '.«"'' .1' .WM.h,c,who
are amredof a renewed and unrostrlot-! f d, 3" ■"?tt'0r.l '^", I1"* '"
ed leaae of powor and Ufe, and tke!the * Tlu""^'5""8. J""* lnn,?s'„ ■,'
sigh of .weet content tkat itir. tkeir! "S0"18' «""-J>im. of tko EH. Bail-
bewiiiilnas expression inert the walks i"1?' *_* T .* ml't>h™\e\ J" «C.?'
and RTenue. of ruling class lifo and In- M.lnC8 ^epilation \«* •"• ■"*<■•£ <■* «"•
(hence. Tke military kea.t lick, hla J?"101* And it w tho »amo J. H. How*
chop, witk new test and slavers at tke "»nj»W"l» "■>«. "ever turl.ed " d'",f
jawi more profusely than ever. The i" '.".""J*" ™*!*-S man wh° hni- ■
preachers surcharge tkelr prayora witk c**,"*P***»*t '° m*Y° or a F1™™*-" '<-
an increased fervor that is a rosonant rcdres" 0Ba,n8' .*■■» government, but al*
eipression of tke thankfulness that is' ?v">*s cam0 tn hl8 r??c"c «"d naBlatanoe
wltkln tkem for tko blessings tkat pro* \'" <"""* VW P***"********
viiencc kas tkua bestowed  upon tke. *        *        *
dear «ook of parasites and profiteers, | It ia „ot thc hmim,m „f Th(, Foaera.
entrusted to thoir shcphordship. And ..,.,,., ...
Ae preaa and tho otherwiso financially '""1,8t tn ""'"'s0 '" ful80mn nMory,
sanctified agencies of class rule nnd n°r yet again to sef up gods wheroof
robbery, smoothly and ollily mouths the (<* worship, bat this humble shoot will
supreme satisfaction that the victory do all hi its powor to further tho can-
hath brougkt to tke harriod souls of dldatnro of .1. 11. Hawthornthwaite nt
profit and loot who lay awnke nights tho coming byo-olbotion, and for any
in hatching schohles thnt will onablc other position in tho futuro fo which
democracy to dodge tho snares and pit* the neods nnd aspirations of the revo*
falls that wicked autocracy (of tke i lutionary working class may appear to
Prussian brand) would place In lta -t cnll kirn. It was tin unfortunate day
pathway. for tho T.nbnr movement in B. C. when
ett I his private nffnirs mnde it necessary
But, candidly, if tho pretensions made  !jm| ht? reriSn from thc house in ordor
' " * that they might be properly attended
to. Since that timo tho Labor movement in the province has boon dead
politically. May he be triumphantly
roturned to the house >n the 24th of
this month, and may that return be a
political resurrection for thc Labor
movoment in this nock of the woods,
is tho wish and the hopo of Tho Fodorn-
tionist.
fcf tke "Unionist" collection of politi
eai sharps during the election campaign, were sincere, and if the assertions in regard to tho government's intentions in caso of olection to powor
were true, why thiB silence so profound
and almost deafening! If conscription
sat food for the cannon of thc wnr god
was, and still is, necessary, why is it
not enforced, now that tho legend has.
heen recorded that the people approved AH ooubt as to thc terrible scarcity
of it at tho polls last month! What °* Mor prevailing throughout tho west
has become of tho assurances given so aml which ia alarming tho groat cor-
profssely by Borden and his attorneys porations nnd othor friends of labor to
and boosters during the campaign, that tho point of seriously considering the
the provisions of thc net would be en- importation of thousands nf Chinese In
foroed without fear or favor? Is that, order to relieve tho situation, should
being done! Woll, if it is The Feder- ^ removed. As mnny ns 1.700 uncm-
ationist has not been able to discover ployed have been counted standing In
any very pronounced proof of the fact, lino in front of tho federal employ ment
No considerable bodies of conscript | bureau in Seattlo awaiting the turn tr
slaves have either been seen nr heard      ' ""'"■■*  *"        ' *
of around these parts to date. Mr.
Kerr and a few others have been sent
to thc penitentiary for having refused
to he made slaves of tho militnry machine against their will. A few* more
have boon grabbed and put under military discipline, but cithor the figures in
regard to the numher of eligibles under
tho military act have boen falsified by
the, spiclors and spellbinders of capitalist
politics during recent months, or some!it,
pet listed for employment with tin
bureau. And this is reported tn be nn
every day occurrence, with the number
increasing rather than diminishing. Unless large shipments of Orientals arrive shortly the omployers will indeed
bo hnrd pressed for tho necessary supply of labor to enable them to carry on
their industrial operations without doing any work thomsolves. At least, tlin!
is thc way it sounds to hear thom toll
torn. ^_^_^_«_
Seattle a short timo ago, and tho brainy
customs officer asked him if he was
one of the I.W.W. of South Wellington, According to his warped ideas,
any body of people who didn't allow
Borden's boodlers to hypnotize thom,
are I.W.W. German sympathizers, etc.
Of course we nil know thc type. A
verse of The Worker's hymn describes
them accurately:
"It suits today the meek and base,
Whose minds are fixed on pelf and
place
To  cringe  beneath   the  rich   man's
frown,
And haul our snored ctablom down
Mode a Becord
However, the day will como when
instead of sooiog thro' a glass darkly,
we shnll see face to face, and the
people who are vilified now will then
be hailed as wise guys. In spite of
the vilification and abuse heaped upon
this devoted burg, we nre proud of our
record. We polled more than twice as
many voles for the workingmans' can-
didnte, as was polled for the two capitalist representatives combined. The
vote was: Bro. Taylor, 113] Mcintosh
(win the election), 42; Stewart (Liberal), fl. We also contributed *110 to
the campaign fund, nearly $1 for every
vote. So thnt wasn't so bad for a
bunch of anarchists.
Liberal Campaign Work
The working men of South Wellington have rather a long memory. We
are expecting to get tangled up in
nnother election before long. Thero is
needs for some brains in the law factory down in Vietoria so tho working
clnss of Newcastle district arc going to
make a slab nt filling that long-felt
want. The Liberals ore fighting amongst
themselves for the honor of getting do-
fouted iu the coming scrap. We would !
like to remind them that this is an election thnt is coming on; not a funeral.
They are pussyfooting around the district, peddling road work, otc, in the
hope of catching a few votes, but it's,
a forlorn hope. There are too many
poll-taxes, surtaxes, etc., to offset their
mc&sly read jobs. So "Lay on Mac-
Duff."
A Fool Controller
Some short time ago, I had occasion
to publicly ask Mr. Nichol Thompson a
few pertinent questions. I nsked him if
thc coal operators gave him hiB information about those terrible minors, and
whether he received any information
from organized miners, but nary a word
said he. I notice he has been shooting
off his bazoo about the miners not working long enough to earn the bonus their
masters so kindly gave them, and I also
notice that Mr. Thompson is one of a
deputation to interview the govornment
nbout the extra tax on thc coal operators. You don't notice him asking for
anything fnr the miners. Oh, no!
We've got his number. He is a fuel
controller all right. His aim is to conscript Ihe ennl miner, if possible, and
to help the coal operator over the rocky
road to the poor-house.
A Good Suggestion
Our local union did not hold tho regular meoting on Sunday, Dec. 30, as the
mine was working. The men worked
two shifts on Sunday, tn help the old
horse over the hill. We had three paydays ia December, and the company
needed the coal to help them meet thoir
extra obligations.
Owing to thc meeting boing hold
over, thc B. C. F. nf L. convention call
wns not dealt with, but it will bo taken
up at our next regular moating, Sunday,
January 13, whon a delegato or delegates will, no doubt, be elocted.
It is to be hoped that the convention
will see fit to recommend to the afflliated membership a policy that will lay
the foundation for a workers' political
party, having for its ultihiato goal tho
overthrow of tho profit systom. Of
courso old shell-backs will say it will
"bust thc trado union movement."
Well, let. it, bust! Thon perhaps, out
of tho wreckago of an obsoloto movement, something bettor will arise, Wo
have got to organize as workors, instoad of being organized as butchors,
bakers, teamsters, clorks, etc, And now
is ihe accepted time. A political party
of all workors will certainly pave the
way to industrinl unity of nil who work
for wages, n federation that, will learn
to use every weapon that it possesses.
Tt's no uso boing unton men on tho job
and scabs at tho ballot box. So let ns
lay the foundation of an organization
that will prevent tho recurrence of a
fiasco, such as took place on Dec, 17.
Contest Likely Be Between
She and a Soldier
Politician
In all probability there will be no
Labor candidates entered in the bye-
elections, slated for the 24th inst., in
Alberni, Vancouvor or Similkamoen;
Newcastle being the only riding represented by a nominee of organized
Labor, by J. H. Hawthornthwaite.
In Vancouver, Mrs. Kalph Smith
seems to be having it all hor own way,
as most all women do. Thc opposition
is trying hard to bring forth something
like harmony among thc soldier politicians, but there's such an increasing
number o them cropping up evory day
that the task is rather difficult.
Movement to Have Legislation Compelling Better
Conditions
When thc B. O. Federation ot Labor meets
it is probable there will be discussed by
that body tho subject of a compulsory six-
day week tor all hotel and club employees.
Under present conditions, hotels and clubs,
nnd restaurants ns well, work their employees seven days a weok. Members of tho
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses' union are
talking of bringing this before the convention and asking tbat body to interest Itself in securing a six-day law.
WAITRESSES WILL
GIVE BIG DANCF
Plans Are Going Forward for Big Social
Event in Labor Circles
Coincident with the opening of thc convention of the B. C. F. of I., here on Jan.
28 the Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses, aro
planning to give a I dance under their auspices at which the waitresses will havo charge
of arrangements. Flans arc to hold the dance
In Pomlnion hall on the night of Jan. 28
and to invite all visiting members ot organized Labor ss well as local organisations
to participate.' A buffet supper will be
served. Weaver's orchestra has been engaged for the occasion.
Helpless   War   Widow   at
Cascade Laundry Fired
for Complaining
Some of the supporters of Sanford J.
Crowe, federal member recently elected
to represent Burrard, and of Alderman
Kirk, might not have been so keen in
thoir support if they had investigated
the conditions of slavery imposed at
tho laundry thoso "leading citizens"
are interested in. It will bo remembered that during tho campaign (Various roturned soldier speakers told how
S. J. Crowe was alwayB on tho job to
givo tho returned mon the hearty handshake upon their first arrival. At that
time the curtain was pulled over quite
another scene. At the Cascade laundry
women woro toiling and sweating for
wagos not enough to keep body and
! soul together and some of thom were
female rolatives of mon at tho front.
About seven weeks ago, and during
tho foderal campaign, some of the laundresses were compelled to go on strike
for botter conditions and in protest
against the non-enforcement of the
Factories Act which allows thom an
oight-hour day but, as had tho facts
received publicity it might mitigate
agiust Crowe's election, the striko was
quickly settled.
Howover, no sooner had Crowe won
the eloction than conditions worse than
bofore were put in forco. One of the
most miserable and despicable occurrences at the Cascade laundry was the
discharge last week of thc widow of a
roBcrvist who has a three-year-old baby
to support- She was making scarcely
enough for thc existence of herself and
hor child by laboring hard, and early
and late, at this laundry, in which the
chief shareholders are Crowe and Kirk.,
The reason for her discharge was that j
she was making "too much fuss" bo-
causo the womon were compelled to
work overtime at low wages.
During New Year's week eight of the
women at tho Cascade laundry workod
53% hours when in other occapntions
that week was a five-day wook.
And this in spite of the Factory Act
which limits thc hours of employees to
oight a day. But tho Factory Act,
for some reason best known to Crowe,
Kirk and the other shareholders, is
not being enforced nt the laundries.
Another of tho women discharged at
this laundry wns an employee of throe-
yenrs' standing nnd thc manager told
her when she asked for a reason that,
while thoro was no fault to bo found
with her work, she was "a friend of
the other woman."
Tho rest of the women, though they
needed tho money badly, rofusod to
work longer. The managomont ap-
proached them with a promise that the
worker who had been discharged would
bo re-engaged at thc first opening, and,
with that understanding the strike
came to an end. The war widow had
no friond in the world to protect hor,
sn her laundry associates did tho best
thoy could by going on striko, though
this uction probably meant thoy would
havo to go hungry themselves.
However, the promises of the management to the women who protested
against the treatment of the war
widow, were not kept and the strikers
wero taken back only for the temporary convenience of the company to give
it timo to get women to fill their places,
and on Tuesday Bovon of these women
were called to the office and told their
services were no longer required. The j
reason given by the management was
that they had supported the discharged
soldiors' widow.
Thc laundry workers receive from
$7 to $9 per week on the average. One
woman at the Cascado laundry workB
a great portion of the time from 7 a.m.
to 10 p.m.
Warehousemen Affiliate
At the last meeting of the Warehouse*
mon it wus decided to send delegates to
both tho Trades nnd Lnbor council nnd
thc B, C, F. of L. convontion on January 28.
Fishermen Sign Up .
The negotiations which have been going on between thc mombors of the
Fishermen's union and the companies
havo been successfully concluded, and
agreements hnve been made satisfactorily. The union re-elected all its 1917-
officers for the ensuing year.
New Button Is Familiar
Thc largo now button designating
union teamsters and chauffeurs is becoming quite well known now, tho wearers having thom in their hats as the [
place for best displaying their affiliation
with organized labor. The membership
of the Teamsters &; Chauffeurs' union
now is about 780, and it is expected this
number will be increased to 1000 by
apring.
Bakers Will Have Delegates
The Bakers' local at its next meeting
will elect a delegate to the B. C. F. of
L, convention.
PARM'S PURPOSELY
PENNED PARACRAPHS
*Q Fancy Australian workingmen
standing for the coarse work of Canada's kaisers t
<Q The casualties among Greater Vancouver's 6000 shipyard employees aro
increasing daily. The average will compare favorably with the front trenches,
<] The next step in the Introduction
and development of the beast militarism
in Canada is to be the "mobilization of
labor." Get that? No, not yot. Well
Wait,   You will.
fl Thero nro still somo trado unionists
who will have to learn by experience
that socioty cannot bo reformed bohind
its bnck. Sailing undor two flags may
sometimes got quick results on eloction
day, but, after all, why should a candidato ignore the Labor organizations
which mado him possiblef
(J Daily pross dispatches suggest that
if Sir Wilfrid Laurier decides to retire
from the leadership of tho Liberal pnrty
in Canada, Willing Lying Mackenzie
King, erstwhile Itockefollor "uplift"
artist, who served his apprenticeship in
Canada as chore boy for the big inter-
oBts, is ngain willing. And why Bhould
tho electors bo consulted in this great
and wonderful democratic country anyway! «
Overcoats
$18 to $50
From the lowest to the
highest priced, all bear
the stamp of merit—
which makes them a
desirable purchase.
Shop of
"3te0lftmt-<&raft'
Thos.Foster&Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAME
IH   THE  MATTEE OT THE  COMPANIES
AOT ANO AMENDING ACTS
TAKE NOTICE that Oliver Invcutmollt
Company, Limited, intends to npply st the
expiration of ono montb from tho date of
tho nrat publication hereof to tho Registrar
of Joint Stock Companies thnt ita name be
changed to "O. M. Oliver & Company, Limited."
DATED at Vancouver, B. C., this 4th (ley
of January.  1018.
ELLIS * BROWN,
Solicitors for the Applicant.
403 Rogers Building, Vaneoaver, B. O.
"Even nicer than I had anticipated," wrote one of our
patrons the other day, in acknowledging receipt of the
diamond ring sent.
The best possible goods and tho best possible service is the
only basis upon which a successful business can be built.
Henry Birks & Sons, Limited
Geo. E, Irony, Man. Dir.
VIEW THE
Many Dainty
Nightgowns
In the White Sale
Purchase Now
Special at 65^—Slipovei'
style, with round yoke of
embroidery.
Special at 75^ — With
lace yoke, ribbon run, or
with V-neck of embroidery.
Special at SSti — Made
plain with kimona sleeves,
neck and sleeves edged
with torchon lace.
Special at 95^—Of good
quality cotton, made with
round yoke of embroidery and having kimona
sleeves.
Spc-cial at $1.15—Slipover style, with round or
square yoke of embroidery and having kimona
sleeves.
Special $1.35 — Gown
with set-in s'eevc and
deep yoke of lace insertion and blind embroidery. Sleeves are made
short and arc finished
with lace.
Special 81.65-0f heavy
quality cambric, with set-
in sleeves and having
square yoke of lace and
embroidery.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
575 Granville Vhone Sey. 3540
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
I. Edward Ssan     omca: Sey. 4146
SEARS & PATTON
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Vlctorit ud Vuconnr
Vancouver Office: 516-7 Rogers Bldg.
 VANCOUVEB. B. O.
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
' 1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block weat of Court Home.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymonr Mag
THE
INCOBPOBATED
1855
BAM OF
TORONTO
.Assets ....
Deposits
...173,000,000
... 54,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may Bign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different memberB
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great eon-
veniencc. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sti.
The Bank of British North Anerica
EstsbUshsd in use
Branches   throughout   Oanada  and   at
NEW TORK, BAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
 Baying* Department
—SAVE YOUB MONET—
O. N. STAOEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Pender
STABT A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yonr spare
eash In any old eorner where It il
in danger from burglars or Ira.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon perfect safety for yew
money, and will give you fell
banking service, whether yonr account is large or email.
Interest allowed on saving! deposit!.
W. 0. JOY, Manager
Haetlugs and Can all
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1860
Capital paid-up .
Reaerve Funds .
Total Asaots 	
..* 12,911,000
.. 14,334,000
.. 887,000,000
BEAD OFFICE, MONTBEAL
410 branches In Canada. Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of wblch 101
an west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—say, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal. —akYT..
...January 11, IBIS
Tm^BiW
nan uuiji
80 THIS 18 WHAT WE
ABB FI0HTIN0 F0BI
Tke Winnipeg Free Press says: "It
is leaned on reliable authority today
that within a very short time, and certainly before the spring work on the
farms commences, the Dominion government will announce conscription of alien
and unskilled labor, for the farms and
mines and other necessary work."
Medicine Hat Typo, union scale negotiations have been finished and an
agreement is being signed up this week
to date from November 1, 1917, to October 81, 1918, which provides for an
approximate increase of $3.50 all round.
The eld aews scalo was $22.50.
CITY   AMUSEMENTS
Empress
Theatre
PHOfrE SEY. 2492
Week of January 14
The great play we promised
you
"Rebecca of
Sunnybrook
Farm"
(The sweetest story ever
told.)
Oae of our greatest plays
Order Your Seats Now
Frlcee-lSc, 30c, 40c
ORPHEUM
WBBK Or JANUABY 14
EMMA  CARUS
AND LARBY COMEB
B«f—BEBNIE   AND   BAXEB—FhU
ADELAIDE BOOTBY
"LOVE THY NEIGHBOR"
A sketch
SELMA BBAATZ
01an<e M—Roods A Franco—Estello
STAN STANLEY
Matinee  Prices:   15c, 200, SOe,  660
Bfenlnf Prices:   15c, 30c, 40c, 660,80c
COLUMBIA
Transcontinental Vaudeville
Get the Columbia   habit—Come
'Twice Weekly."
Entire Change Monday and
Thursday
Today and Saturday
—Lou     Parker's    Jaw     Band—
and three other big acts.
CHILDREN always So
MATINEES 16c     EVENINGS 20c
NTAGES
NEXT WEEK
BT LANODON ft 00.
BOSA BOSALIND
and other features
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABUS—
(BronswUk-Balke Collender Go.)
—Hosdvurtori for Union Mon—-
Unton-mado   Tobaccos,   Clears   sad
OUarottos
Only Whito Holp Employ-id
42 Hastings St. East
LES
bacco.
ELECTRIO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
Tke Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Blciardi Btreet
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop,
ping, batten boles, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering, plcot edging, pleat*
Ing, raehlng, embroider?, hemming.
666 annUlo St. 1319 Douglas St.
VANOOUVER, B.O.       VICTORIA. B.O.
Phono Soy. 6191 Phons 1160
A. McKay Jordan
Diagnostician   and
Optical Expert
Consultation  by appointment
only.
ISO Bilks Bldg.   Bey. 4666
AOTINO OPTICAL
INSTITUTE, LIMITED
A Bird's Eye View of the Situation
******      ******      ******      ******
And a Prophecy of What Is To Follow
(Continued from Page One)
the operation of coal mines. Nearly all of our cities are agitating for
the municipal ownership of the electric light and water systems.
Canada, in these respects, is following in the march of civilization, but
its governmental bodies are not only far behind suoh democratic sections of the British Empire as New Zealand and* Australia, but in
many respects, also such conservative countries as Great Britain,
Sweden and the United States. The power of the private capitalist,
small though he may be in comparison to his more powerful brothers
in other countries, is supremely dominant in our legislative assemblies.
Not that the private capitalist, more especially in other countries
than this, is altogether opposed to the public ownership of utilities.
He has cogent reasons of his own for wishing to dispose of these in
many cases, reasons which need not be discussed here. But our average government, Conservative or Liberal, simply proceeds to express
in somewhat crude legislation, the viewB, desires and necessary commercial and industrial requirements of the capitalist class. Little
study is made of social subjects except by moral reformers, and political economy is rarely discussed in our legislative assemblies except
where some socialist member has forced a hearing.
The time has arrived when the fast-changing views and the will of
the majority of the people should, and must, be heard and expressed
in our parliaments. Should bc heard as a matter of moral right and
must if we would prevent worse disaster than at present confronts
us. The last government of this province appealed to the electorate
for support on its record'. Its opponents in the Liberal party hurled
the usual charges of graft against it and hoped to bc, and were, returned largely on the strength of these charges. Administrative
honesty or dishonesty was not the only question. The old Conservative government stands and must stand condemned, not so much for
the things it had done, though many of its acts are worthy of the
strongest condemnation, but principally for thc things it had not
done. In a word, sins of omission rather than commission. Incapacity characterized its every act. During all the years of its official \lie it could not point to one step accomplished in thc direction of
social progress or of one genuine act for the benefit of the people, enacted of its own volition. Civilization had marched on during all the
years of its official life, industrial development had moved apace, advances had been made everywhere. Japan and China, during thc
period of its encumbency, practically stepped from feudal to modern
production, almost from semi-barbarism to civilization, but British
Columbia, during all those years, practically made no progress along
thc lines indicated. In short, the government had become reactionary.
As a consequence of this condition, we find that in the teriffic financial crisis existing before the war, the position of the worker, the
farmer and the small business man was far worse here than in any
other country, though this country is possibly in natural resources,
potential wealth such as gold, silver, iron, coal, timber, agricultural
land, sea and fresh-water fisheries, the Richest in the world. The financial standing of the province is sound today, but this is owing solely
to thc possession of these natural assets and not to the efficiency of
that government. Of course, it could not be held responsible for thc
present universal financial crisis, but it must be held responsible for
tlie devastating severity which accompanied it here, bringing in its
train untold miseries to thousands of workers, and wrecking numerous financial and business institutions. In its last session in thc House
(1916) it is true that the government, under the Hon. William Bow-
Ber, its new leader, brought in a number of reform and progressive
measures, many of whioh appealed to thc electorate. There existed,
however, a widespread feeling that these measures were brought in,
not so much for thc good they might accomplish, as from a desire to
capture sufficient support from the workers to ensure return in the
election, or possibly to forestall thc Liberals should they bc successful at the poll. Reform legislation is not a function that appertains
solely to the Liberal party. A perusal of the history of the British
government shows that the Tories enacted almost, if not quite as
much, reform legislation as the Liberals. Both parties, however,
came to a sudden halt when requested to introduce legislation that,
however necessary, is palpably aimed at the domination of the capitalist class. It is natural that this should bc thc case. Both parties
stand for capitalist production with all that it implies and there arc
but few among their representative men who have cithor the desire
or the ability to analyze the present form of production and grasp
whither it inevitably trends. The Liberal party, however, professes
to be able to reform capitalism so as to make it bearable for thc
workers. Any class-conscious worker can show thc absurdity of this
claim.   Let thc Liberal party answer that unanswerable question,
what are you going to do with the unemployed?" Herein lies thc
danger to society, and the hope of the advanced thinker. Capitalist
production cannot be carried on without an unemployed body, anomalous as this may appear. A surplus of labor power on the market is
one of the forces that tends to keep down the price (wages) of labor
power to its cost of production, and hence it cannot be dispensed
with. Wars alleviate, but cannot cure, this evil. Carlisle sarcastically suggested that possibly the best thing to do would be to organize a general hunt periodically and shoot down enough of the unemployed to prevent their becoming troublesome. He added that the
carcases might be salted down to victual thc navy and hence no groat
economic loss would result! Malthus, an Especopal clergyman in the
eighteenth century,*suggested "race suicide" as a remedy. Absurd
as it appears, it is as sensible as any other remedy that has been advanced by reformers.
Evolution in its progress contemplates not only disintegration, but
also revolution. Accumulating forces, as in Russia, long penned back
will rudely overcome all efforts at control. It was thc historical mission of the rising capitalist class, aided by thc workers, to overthrow
feudal production, abolish chattel slavery and establish the wage system. It is the historical mission of the working class to overthrow
capitalist production and* abolish wage and every other form of
slavery. It is thc hope and desire of the educated worker in every
country of the world to bring about this change by intelligent and
peaceful methods, lt is in the interests of society as a whole that this
greatest of all revolutions should be accomplished in this manner.
Tho great war that is paralyzing civilization today and that threatens
to develop into e veritable Armageddon may bring colossal changes
wilh teriffic sud'deness. Nevertheless, it our duty as intelligent
socialists to continue to use every effort by educational means to
carry on our work aud avert further calamities. An educated proletariat, whether in possession of thc reins of government or not, is a
power for good and one that may not be lightly challenged.
Now a now government, a Liberal government, holds thc reins of
power in this province. With the collapse of the boom a great number of workers left here to seek work in other fields; many thousands,
it is estimated nearly forty thousand, men enlisted and went to the
front. With the resulting shortage of labor, and a rising demand1 for
munitions and machinery of war, the wages of thc workeis, in response to the law of supply and demand, went up and up. But the
same law operating in the production of other commodities caused,
or helped to cause, a rapid rise in the cost of living, and hence tinj
worker, who is perhaps obtaining steady employment at six or seven
dollars per day, finds that he is worse ofl instead of better in spite of
his high wages. Thus Liberalism, in its advent to power in this
country, found out, as frequently pointed out by our speakers, that
thc unwritten laws (supply and demand, competition, etc.) of capitalist production, innate in the system, were all powerful and could
not bc remedied by their farcical nostrums. Money had to be obtained
for administrative and other purposes, and the only method these
false economists could devise was to sur-tax the farmers, and reintroduce thc obnoxious and hated poll-tax.
In eighteen months the Liberal (Brewster) government has proved
itself to be quite as incapable and not a whit more advanced or honest
than its utterly discredited predecessors. The country at large is
heartily weary of thc much-advertised aggregation.
The war, notwithstanding all its horrors, haB already produced
striking beneficial results. Russia has, in a carnival of destruction,
got rid of the Romanoff autocracy that for generations foully oppressed the working people of that country. The German military
despotism is tottering fast to its doom. The first great defeat its
armies incur on thc battlefield will inevitably let loose thc revolutionary proletariat of that country, primed for such a vengeance as
the world has never witnessed. The ruling class of Great Britain is
looking to its fences, and concession aftor concession is boing con
ceded to the workers, suoh as the taking over of the railway systems,
coal mines, munitions and other works, and the establishment of a
national health department. Not great advances, perhaps, but atraws
that show whither blows the wind. The world slogan of the workers
today is advance or revolution. Let us heed the warning.
As a socialist and former representative in our local parliament, I
submit the following policy as one that should be suitable for the
province of British Columbia, and hope it may prove acceptable. It
is not a platform—the workers of this province have one already
which sets forth the objects and aims of the enlightened workers of
this and every country. In my opinion, this policy does not conflict
wit its tenets. It is the result of many years' experience, observation and study. In this aetion, I am not endorsed or authorized by
the socialists or any working-class organization and- cannot say
whether my views will be approved or otherwise, but I know that
many individuals will approve of them and trust that they may be
acceptable to all. It will possibly take some years to work out certain features of this policy, but if it is adopted in its entirety, while
it will not bring emancipation, its trend is unquestionably in that
direction, and in the interim should tend to lighten the burdens and
decrease the anxieties of many of those who are breaking under the
strain today. If the world war ends in an utter collapse of capitalist
production, and I am one of the many who believe that it will, no
harm can result from our action—indeed, an intelligent effort will
have been made in the right direction.
LAND POLICY
A considerable amount of agitation has been going on for the last
twenty years on the interesting, if somewhat hackneyed, subject:
"How to get the people back to the land." It is certainly somewhat
of a problem. In our brilliant local assemblage at James Bay the
matter has been discussed with considerable gusto and great earnestness by a number of very sincere gentlemen who have not the slightest intention of going back to the land themselves. The fact was bewailed that the tendency of the age was to crowd into the cities. Men
and women should be advised, taught, assisted and even compelled
to go back to the land. To be quite frank, it is not a very inviting
prospect. Matters have changed considerably during the past few
hundred years since in merry England "every rood of ground maintained its man." The school-master has been abroad and civilization
has done its work in raising the standard of living. Let us be honest
about this matter. A community that has a large percentage of its
population working oh farms together with the necessary amount of
manufacturing and other industrial development going on, is, from
the standpoint of the business element, a very desirable community,
indeed.
It is true that some must go on the land. Without certain of our
population working on farms producing wheat, beef and vegetables
and other necessaries of life, civilization would come to a speedy end.
Theu if it is an advantage to society as a whole and the business element in particular, let us see if it is possible to so arrange matters,
so organize this industry, that it will not prove distasteful.
lt must be thoroughly understood, however, that this question is
not merely loeal, but world-wide. Even in the adjoining provinces,
with much better inducements to people to take up land, a very great
agitation is going on at the present time to devise methods that
will result in greater areas being broken up and cultivated, but not
with any particular success. The lot ol thc farmer is not altogether
a pleasant one, and very little better, if any, than that of thc average
wage-earner employed as an unskilled laborer. Statistics show us
that in the great republic to the south, the average small farm*"- receives less return for his labor than docs the average small w ^e-ear-
ner. The strongest inducements he has to remain on his farm are
probably that he has steady employment, that to a certain extent,
more apparent than real, he is his own master, and that he is in legal
possession for the time being of some small means of wealth production. But his hardships are many, and his pleaseures and educational
opportunities few. Por himself and his children the future does not
hold out any very alluring prospects. One of his problems is, how
can he keep his children on the farm? This is not altogether from
the selliBh standpoint of the advantages to be gained from their unpaid labor. He instinctively dreads for their sake the temptations
and pitfalls of the great cities, but nevertheless, the magnet drawing
them away is too powerful to bo resisted in thc great majority of
cases.
The farmers claim that they are exploited somewhat mercilessly
by thc transportation companies, overcharged by the manufacturers
of machinery and fleeced by the middlemen. Now, while these statements may not bear scientific analysis, there is sometimes much truth
in them.    The farmer's life is not a bed of roses.
If this brief and* somewhat superficial diagnosis is correct, it gives
us an idea of the difficulties whicli confront us in approaching this
(Hies! ion. The old Conservative government had not been altogether
remiss in its efforts. It freely tried the stale and abnoxious pre-emption system and had, of course, not achieved much success. It tried
to shift the burden by selling to speculators several million acres of
agricultural land in tho forlorn hope that they might sub-divide their
holdings and colonize. But this method proved a flat and execrable
failure. In fact they have not been able to pay for thc land, owing
to the collapse of the market, much more than one-third of the price
asked by the government. Thc Liberal party rightly say the land
must not be sold to speculators, but must be reserved for the settler.
Quite so, but if there is any truth in my brief analysis, something
more than that will have to be done.
In my opening remarks upon the solution of other problems, I took
the position that where any necessary industrial organization failed
to function for thc benefit of society the remedy applied, and always
with considcrablevsuccess, is the collective, in the form of government
ownership and operation. 1 now unhesitatingly assert that this is the
only solution of the land question under present conditions. I admit
that its application presents greater difficulties than any other form
of government ownership. It is evident that in British Columbia its
application can at present be only partial, but if my contention is
correct, let us make a commencement, for of a surety, conditions are
ripe.
The difficulties hinted obtain from these facts. Capital has invaded
completely and successfully every field of industry and commerce except farming. It is true that in Great Britain and Europe, the capitalist ownership of farming land exists in thc form of landlordism,
but these lands were not acquired by the ordinary operations of capital, but were largely obtained by violent confiscation several centuries ago. Thc British government under the leadership of Chamberlain, a number of years ago, bought out the Irish landlords, and
resold thc land to peasant proprietors. In doing this, no matter how
humanitarian were his motives, he simply turned back the pages of
history, though Eropotkin and other less distinguished philosophic
anarchists also recommend that thc sub-division of land and intensive
cultivation is the proper course to pursue. Strange to say, Lloyd
George, who has proved himself to bc a statesman of radical thought,
is urging a similar step in England, notwithstanding thc opposition
of the Labor party there. The Bolsheviki in Russia today propose to
turn over tlie land owned by the feudal lords to thc peasants, but
this is evidently a temporary expedient to gain the confidence of these
illiterate workers. In Canada and on this continent, the farm is still
largely owned and' operated by thc individual. The truth is that in
these instances, there is but little inducement for capital to take hold.
We have a few bonanza farms, but these are operated according to
thc whim of some individual capitalist. If the capitalist class own the
means of transportation, and control thc means of distribution, it
has the instruments in its possession that, without particular effort
on its part, enables it to extract from the farmer a large proportion
of the final value of his product. Farming, therefore, on this continent, is not nn organized industry. If it had been, it would have
been an easy matter to apply the suggested solution in its entirety.
British Columbia further presents some difficulties in the way of a
complete solution along tho lines indicated. It is not advisable or
even necessary, owing to the existence of huge areas of uncultivated
and unalienated farming lands, to buy out the present owners of cultivated farms.
There are in tlie Peace River country, in the valley of the Naas and
on Vancouver Island, and in other districts, many million acres of thc
finest land in the world lying idle and desolate. I would suggest that
to supply the unproduccd agricultural requirements of this province,
that three areas be selected of some two hundred thousand acres each,
nnd converted into producing farms by thc government. A model
village or town should be established in each one of them, supplied
with all tho advantages and conveniences of modern civilization for
the benefit of the wage-earners employed to operate the farm.   Thc
statistics and absolutely reliable returns thst will later be produced
in support of this contention are positively startling.
The population of this province today, ia well under half a million
people, and' not equal to that of Toronto. There is the usual concentration into the large towns, but nevertheless there is a good deal of
land cultivated and stock raised as the following figures show:
Value of Agricultural Products in 1914
Wheat : $ 465,632.00
Oats  2,117,241.00
Barley...*.  120,241.00
Potatoes  1,952,310.00
Vegetables  1,281,232.00
Fruit  996,071.00
$6,932,727.00
..$5,749,225.00
The value of stock produced is as follows:
Cattle	
Sheep   ' '240;879!00
Hogs     449,501.00
$6,439,605.00
The value of stock in the province, December 31st, 1914:
Cattle $17,001,033.00
Sheep      239,227.00
Hogs      499,501.00
$17,739,761.00
On the face if it, it would appear to be a very fair showing. But
let us glance for a moment at the value of our importations from other
parts of Canada and abroad during the year 1914 alone, and we ean
form a conception of the desperately backward condition of farming
in this provinoe.
Total value of following imported agricultural produce:
Wheat $ 1,645,216.00
Oats    2,022,199.00
Barley.....      107,524.00
Potatoes        34,289.00
Vegetables      305,162.00
Fruit      440,778.00
Canned Fruit and Vegetables      866,674.00
Cattle    3,582,817.00
Sheep      319,082.00
Hogs *,    1,382,742.00
$10,706,483.00
Of above products from Canada $ 9,141,669.00
Of above products from abroad.    1,564,814.00
$10,706,483.00
Totals of all agricultural products imported into British Columbia
during the year 1914:
From Canada $19,908,445.00
From abroad    5,290,670.00
$25,199,125.00
Over twenty-five million dollars worth of agricultural products!
The most casual observer or student can readily see from the foregoing statements that it is beyond all reasonable expectation to hope
that by any ordinary methods of colonization or encouragement to
settlers, to remove this deficit during the next twenty years. Of
course we can, by these methods, very largely increase the amount of
our production, but with it increased consumption must occur owing
to an inevitably increased population.
Why should not an intelligent effort be made to produce this large
amount of agricultural food product in this province, and what valid
objection can bc raised to doing it in the manner suggested! It
may be alleged, of course, that thc method suggested would interfere
with the market of our local farmers, but a moment's reasoning will
show the fallacy of such an argument.
There can be no doubt but that it is feasible to open up and cultivate large areas of land along the lines indicated. The acreage suggested, of course, might not produce the vast amount of foodstuffs
imported. But it would be a start. It would give employment to
thousands of people, including returned soldiers, who would prefer
life in the open. It would be an illustration of what could be accomplished by intelligent action that would' receive world-wide attention
and approval. And last, but not least, it would demonstrate that
thousands of working people could operate a farm and lead decent
and civilized lives, which the average farm assistant seldom does today. Further, the development of a saner pre-emption system than
is now in operation, will not prove a hindrance to it.
In view of the facts stated, and the figures shown, it is evident that
it will require very great efforts indeed along every possible line, to
make this province self-sustaining from an agricultural standpoint.
Proper provision will have to be made to place new settlers ipon
the land, and in many cases to provide employment for them until
fully established.
In wooded districts, logging and other machines should be provided to enable them to clear thc lands, and cheap money should be
placed at their disposal to enable them to make a fair start.
The dry belts of British Columbia contain many hundred thousand
acres of magnificent land that cannot be utilized until water has been
applied. This is most surely a function of the government The
United States has given an example to thc world of what can be done
in this respect, to the great advantage of thousands of farmers. It
has indeed made thc desert bloom as a rose. Its best engineers have
been employed and neither money or effort has been spared to obtain
the wonderful success achieved.
Free markets Bhould next bc opened by the government in every
town of any importance. Every effort should be made to market the
produce in the best possible condition at the smallest cost to all producers. Cold storage should be provided where necessary and advisable. Thc farmer also should be made to feel in every way that
he is not a pariah, but an essential and vitally important factor in our
civilization, and that his views will be considered and his wants supplied.
A department of agriculture should bc organized, and practical men
placed in charge, though this should not mean thc exclusion of those
who have made a scientific study of farming. Scientific knowledge
and its application dominates in all branches of industry today, and
ignorance or lack of knowledge means inevitable failure.
This century will witness the complete awakening through productive forces of the Slav, Mongol and other races. The labor power
of the world will rapidly be completely harnessed and applied to fill
an already overflowing market. The prospect is not alluring, but as
long as anarchy in production is allowed to prevail, and uncontrolled
competition reign supreme, all that can be done is to compete with intelligence, and trust that others and not ourselves will go to tk* wall,
cruel though this doctrine may be, until the whole foolish and wasteful system has been revolutionized.
MINING POLICY
The first step that should bc taken is to survey for mining purposes the unexplored and unsurveyed regions of this province, lt is
not necessary that these districts should be surveyed into square-mile
sections. Sixty square mileB would bc ample at present. A tom-
petcnt mining engineer—there are dozens unemployed at present-
should accompany eacli survey party, and it should be his dity to
mnke a more or less cursory examination of thc portions surveyed,
so as to be nblc to make a report on thc geology of thc area and
probable nature of the ore occurrences. A mobile force of men
should then be thrown into each section to complete ns rapidly ns
possible n rough trail from desirable point to point, to be finally connected with tlie nearest road or point of rail or wnter transportation.
As this work is in progress or when accomplished, n number of
practical miners and prospectors should be employed to examine the
districts for mineral deposits and veins, eaoh group being under the
guidance of the most competent prospector or engineer obtainable.
A provincial reward should be given for the discovery of nny veinB
or occurrences of certain minerals, more particularly platinum or tin.
As quickly as possible maps, plans and reports should be filed in thc
departments and published for the. information of the public and the
mining world.
An exhibition of all minerals obtained from the result of these,
explorations should be established in some conspicuous portion of lh".
provincial buildings, the part being occupied by the provincial •*:-
scum being possibly thc most suitable, and eaeh specimen she-Id be
(Continued  ea Vug.- Ei*:!]!) TAGS SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIQNIST
FBIDAY...
=fc
..January 11, 1»18
THESE ARE
January Sale
■ Days ■
MONEY-SAVING DAYS
Everything- in   the  Store   Is   Reduced
Except Groceries and a Few Contract Line*
-BUY NOW AND SAVE-
V;«   J)    .- iiMWtwii   lata      atau—I saaaisaa, atmot cawMiitismn
Granville and Georgia Streets
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nui*
ser/, Esquimau Road.   Phone 219. *
HAMMOND, P C: "Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trfees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Mail Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988-672.
Branch Store, Vanconver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
-THE-
Nanaimo Coal
THE BEST QUALITY THE BEST PRICE
THE BEST SERVICE
Main Office: Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
®
TRANSCONTINENTAL
TBE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENOEE FABES
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODERN EQUIPMENT—G0UBTEOU8 ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMPOST
CONSULT OUB NEAREST AOENT OB WBITE
DHTBIOT FABSBNOEB AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour MIS
"S—_9
fEDEPATlONIST
Railroading and Railroads
Editor li. C. Fedorationist: How many
members of tbe working class, tbe claBB
wliich builds, equips and runs railway uys-
ti-niB. and makes possible the safety and
comfort of passengers, have ever travelled
on a Pullman, ate in the diner, lounged in
tho observation car with their families during a trip across' tho continent, or to the
Sunny South to spend the winter!
How many workers have over quit their
job without fear of losing it, and have
travelled first-class without fear of the wolf
of want.
Yet tho workers are those who produce
the dining cars and the good eats served
there, but how many of them have filled out
a menu card without choosing "cheapness"
or have spent an hour feeding and watching
well-kept mon and woman and children feed,
while they looked through the wide double
windows at the panorama of passing landscape and the bright sunlight lighting up
tho near mountains and the distant snow-
peaks of tho westorn slope.
But why is this, whon tho workers are
the class wblch produces all the wealth which
body and intellect can enjoy t When will
tho  workers get wise!
ah government exchanges its paper currency
for war bondB,
lt would not be necessary to point out
this elemental fact were it not that eaeh
time a government issueti war bonds the corrupt press of the same country boasts in
gigantic headlines of the millions of pounds
"pouring into the treasury" and thus attempts to deceive innocent people into the
belief that this exchange of paper actually
enriches the government concerned—all of
which  is puro  bullcon.
The chief feature of the war bond schemo
js that the governments take back their
currency bills which are payable on
iiuind to exchange them for interest-bearing
bonds payable in ten years hence. Tho gov-
(•miliums then presume themselves justified
in spending for foreign purchases all the
gold reserve that secured the paper currency exchanged for the bonds. The apostles
of capitalism regard this precesB bb "sound
finance—always providing their minds are
satisfied that the producers of tho country
concerned are sufficiently capable, docile and
willing to produce suflieieut extra surplus
wealth over and above their ordinary output
so to accumulate sufficient spare wealth to
meet the principle and interest of the bond
Issue in the allotted time,
7   ■,-:-"   "-- ;----■.    ,.        ....     . ,   tm     Hut like all capitalistic schemes the war
Old-tlmora say this is tho mildest winter"! bond ointment hus lots of files in It. The
on rocord. Wo have just wound along the i government eould not retain from ubo all
banks of tho Joe rivor, and are a hundred ti,0 p„j,or currency that Ib returned to it
miles or so oast of Spokano. hn   exchange   for   bonds,   as   it  would leave
We have seen the effects of a flood never   tho p00ple without any currency, and would
'"""   ' "     Wo have. PaMod   place them in tho position of having to re^
before known in winter,
barns and houses with water up to the roof,
and many smaller buildings overturned. At
places the water is up to the tops of tho
telegraph poles, and tho track level with
tho river.       ,
Railroading on the sound is demoralized
today. We should have arrived at Spokane
Inst evening but because of the floods, our
train went down to the south side of tho
Columbia aud had to follow that bank ln
order to escape tho damaged road.
Many farms bctwoon Seattle and Portland
are now expansive lakes, and Uny streams
have suddenly grown into rushing rivers.
In one village the span of a bridge had
boon swept down tho stream and a group
of people stood on either end shouting across
the break and surveying the ruins wrought
by sun and rain out of season.
Today while passing through eastern
Washington and Idaho there is no trace of
snow except high up and the sun is bright
and warm, while the blue sty and fleecy
clouds suggest southern California, or what
is hore normal in April or Hay. The snn
Is shining on the groves of jack-pine, on the
sage brush and rocks, and lighting up the
rolling hills and the flowing river. And it
seems that they are all hurrying .westward
instead of our spoeding toward the east.
ThiB journey over level plains, across trestles
and through deep cuts and occasional tunnels, under the conditions compared with
the steady grind and ugly monotony of drudgery In a city, must gladden the hearts of
any who havo eyes to see, understanding to
appreciate and physical and financial health
to enjoy.
We have now reached the mountain division of the road; our watches have been put
ahead an hour to compensate for the earth's
revolution eastward. From this point for
five hundred miles, the road is electrified;
the huge motors, one hundred feet long,
with ton pairs of wheels, have been coupled
onto the train and the steam engine discarded and so we soe how science and labor
have enslaved lightning and flood, forces
which brought fear and destruction to our
ancient ancestors and we have made these
our servants and benefactors.
But we havo not yet entirely conquered
tbe floods, for we have just learned that a
rock elide, brought down by the water, will
keep us here seven or eight hours, and the
train will then be a day late.
The weather Is still warm, but we have
learned from tbe east that this unusual temperature is confined to the Pacific slope, and
that the rocky water-shod of the continent
also divides our western warmth from the
frigid temperature and snow snd the usual
mid-winter conditions prevailing on the east
of tbe great divide,
I have just looked over the1 Spokane morning paper and flnd tbere some remarkable
statements respecting the changes taking
place in railroad control. People of this
country are now accepting and even endorsing this great transformation in railroad management that before the war would have been
repudiated by all our "wiso" men as impossible, and but "the red ravings of socialism
and anarchy."
We have heard those learned ones from
platform, pulpit and press ridicule the idea
of railroads, etc., being run by a government or administration from and of and for
the people, and one mnst admit that to
abolish dividends and produco wealth to promote tho welfaro and happiness of the common poople, Is Bn entirely different contract
than abolishing competition in railroads and
promoting efficiency In order to shoot, bayonet and bomb democracy into the Hun.
But this process will surely make trouble
for these world benefactors who are willing
to bring suffering and death to their own
sons and daughters In order to make the
world safe for democracy. Are these men
fools or only hypocrites to Imagine Wall
street or its political agents doing anything
except to bluff and rob the public! Imagine
a pack of jackals, a flock of buzzards, a
swarm of trench rats, doing anything to abolish wat and the carrion on which thoy feed
and fatten I
Thero are two questions people are today
asking: (1) If thc government of Canada and
the United States will eliminate waste labor
and promote efficiency in the Interests of destruction and death calltd war, why not
adopt the same means in order to bring peace
and plenty to their own poople! (3) Onco
railroads and other public necessities are
taken ovor hy tho stato and the superiority
of collectivism over competition shown, what
powor will dare to hand them back again to
tbe corporations on the termination of the
war!
Last evening a number of business men
and a few of the "boys" in uniform were1
discussing Wilson's railroad policy. Out of
half a doien who expressed their opinion on
the subject, none disagreed wltb the president's policy, and only one believed the
roads Bhould over go back to corporation
management and competition.
Twenty-five yoars ago Frederick Engels predicted this would mean the social revolution
which would follow it. And so it seems tbat
onr comrades In Russia have lighted a flame
which is destined to spread from land to land
until democracy will becomo a reality.
DB. W. J. CUBRT.
New York, January 8, 1018.
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All th« above bruto an eftmtA and bottled by union workmen.
THE PURE ESSENCE OF BARLEY AND HOPS
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
vert to thu ancient system of barter. Therefore, tho governments aro forced to place
their paper currency back into circulation
without any gold reserve behind it. And
by the reissuing of tho currency the government renews liability to "pay on demand"
which Is a vory apt torm suggesting, as it
does, the Inovitablo burst that follows too
much inflation.
Tho wholo pernicious bond-selling scheme
is exactly the same as though tho governments stamped their existing paper currency
with the words "payablo in ton years"—
with interest at so much por annum.       /
A vory unique feature about tho world's
war bonds is that they all carry the attractive phraBo "payablo in gold." Tho only
joke about this Ib that the world's bonds
exceed in face value many hundreds of times
the amount of gold existing In the world.
It should be noted that the object of bond-
soiling schemes is not for tho purposo of accumulating wealth for wnr purposes, and that
the sale of millions of bondB  does nut in-
tbe dry dock, and the manager has been
given his just amount of criticism for oar
inability to secure a square deal. But tbe
article refers to recent conditions; I am doing likewise.
On Saturday morning, Jan. 5, I visited the
plant, and every courtesy and privilege was
extended to me In making my investigations;
an inspection of tbe time and payroll sheets
revealed the payment of wages as above stated, and as givon to me by Mr. Pillsbury at
a provlous interview. A personal interview
with'a number of the men proved boyond a
doubt that conditions for tho lost few months
are far superior to any time previous in the
history of tho dry dock. In some instances,
wages havo been increased without demands,
according - to the men's own statements.
When asked about Japanese labor, the manager said a man in his position would be a
foul to seriously consider such a scheme. ,
Tho appearance uf such un article as this
one referred to, is a great injustice to all
concerned, and I am convinced that the
writer allowed petty jealousy to over balance
his better judgment, nt any rate he lost sight
of the true principles ot organized labor,
which stands fur justice for all concerned.
Thanking you, Mr. Editor, I remain, yours
truly,
W. B, THOMPSON.
Secretary Trades and Labor Council; financial secretary Local 1735, Carpenters,
[The Federationist received its Information
from onc of the men involved, through the
secretary of the Vnncouver local of the Ship
Curpenters.]—Editor Federiitionlst.
nrpARB tho wealth  nf .  „„„™,.     . i, . u°m  to   be  strewn   with   rosebuds  and
tint    Al-b £Z nf «,.*iSSIS5m™i' ^^ I have had plenty of time tu "dig in."
tiwnSu  th    "V   M?B °' * nfttI°n   tl»10  tB sl«t.   but   long  enough  to  get
Bond Bondage
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Under tbe
capitalist system, tbe outbreak of a war. or
the building of a dock, or the construction of
a railroad, or the effecting of some public
works are seised upon as opportunities for
the floating of interest-bearing bonds, and
such like schemes.
It is true that In the absence of capitalism
there would bo no war. But it is also true
that In the absence of capitalism all such
activities could be carried on without the
necessity of loans and bond selling schemes.
The world war has served a splendid opportunity for tho tyrannical rulers of the
earth to inflict upon the people some hundreds of billions of interest-bearing war
bonds. And as tbe Interest and principal
of these bonds represent so much more labor
or so much less wages for the working class
of all nations it is surprising that they evlnco
■o little interest In the bond bondage that
awaits them.
Wben a government Bells war bonds for
bo many million marks or francs or whatnots, It means that those who buy the bondB
give back to the treasury millions' worth
of eurreney bills and receive In exchange
other, promissory notes called bonds. And
the only difference between a bond and an
ordinary eurreney bill is that a bill la pay*
able on demand without interest and the
bond is payable In ten yean with interest.
Therefore It Is quite obvious to tho most
dull mind that not one single cent of wealth
is added to the treasury by tho ostentatious
selling of millions of bonds. In fact the
governmont Is actually poorer by the cost
of the printing and advertising and the expenses of all the vulgar campaign that goes
with the war-bond Bolllng-scheme.
To illustrate this idiotic bond scheme
differontly; Suppose John Doe being In dobt
to IsaacB    has already given Isaacs a note
firomlslng to pay the said Isaacs ten dol-
ara "on demand"—like an ordinary ten-
dollar bill. Now, suppose tbat the said John
Doe, finding himself in flnanclal difficulties,
Sees to the said Isaacs and with tbe aid of
rasa bands and the waving of flags and tho
use of mneh cajoling, sophistry and persuasion, Indneea Isaacs to exchange the "demand note" for a note "payable In tea
years"—like an ordinary bond. Then It
eaanet by any trlek of resinning be shown
that John Doe has accumulated any particle
of wealth by the exchange of his paper. All
that has happened, is that John Doe hu deferred his liability to Isaacs to a later date,
bnt ha still owes Isaacs the ten dollars, And
-. any government war bonds. •*
It is obvious that the amount of valueless
labor—such as munition making—which a
nation can support Is only llmitod by the
amount of man-power and raw products
available to supply a sufficient surplus of
food and nocessitioB to maintain those engaged in war work. The selling of millions
of government war bondB cannot and doeB
not increase the amount of guns or shells
that a warring nation can produce.
What, then, is tho object of the war-bond
schemes! It is, of course, obvious that a
warring nation changes from the activities of creating wealth-producing articles
such as agricultural machinery and proceeds
to concentrate the maximum of its activities
upon the production of explosives, etc, for
war purpoaos. And by so doing it decreases
its national wealth production. BecauBe,
whereas an agricultural machine more than
produces its own value In use, an explosive
shell not only falls to produco its own value
but destroys itself at the moment of its
use. Now, whon a nation decreases Its national wealth-production it follows that all
or some portion of itB inhabitants have to
lack something, and the sole object and purposo of war bonds Ib to ensure that all the
burden of the war coBt shall be borno by
those who do the producing and shall not
harm those who are possessed of accumulated
wealth. War bonds cannot achieve any other
purpose than that. The Bale of war bonds
is a schemo whereby the producers are compelled during the future not only to maintain the normal wealth production of the
nation and produce sufficient wealth to clothe
and feed themselves and maintain their masters—and all who fatten on tbe workers in
timos of "peace"—but also the producers
aro forced to increase their effort to make up
tho amount of real wealth production which
was lost tu the master cla.ss during the war
period. So that the effect uf the bond scheme
is solely ta increase the hours of labor and
decrease the wages of the workerB bo that
tho whole burden of war shall be borne by
them and that the accumulated wealth of tho
master cluss shall not bear a particle of that
burden.
If the workers of the world are willing to
create a greater surplus of wealth sufficient
to meet the principal and interest of all the
war bonds foisted upon them, they will, by
such action, show a willingness to sink deeper into slavery and will themselves encourage the flotation of still more bonds.
If the war lasts long enough, all the sophistry and brutal tyranny of the capitalist
system will become obvious to overy bone-
hend and the world's proletariat will demand
an end to every form of bond scheme. What
passcss all understanding is that In the
European nations where labor is highly organised, and where prime ministers havo to
usk Labor's permission to pass jvur laws,
tho producers thero have not even requested
a cessution of the war-bond selling scheme.
W. F. R.
Phoenix, B. C, Jan. 0, 1018.
[When our correspondent states that "an
agricultural machine more than produces its
own value in use," we fear that he is a trifle
faulty In his economics.—Ed. Federatlonist.)
That Prince Bupert Strike
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: I am enclosing a copy of a letter that appoared in the
local papers, by authority of the Trades and
Labor council. I will ask you to publish the
contents of both letters, as It will better explain the position of Local 1785, Carpenters
and Joiners,
This local of twenty odd members Ib composed of house carpenters, ship carpenters,
shipwrights and boat builders, mostly 'men
who work at oither trade bb the caso may be,
Wo have maintained our present scale of
wages and hours for tlio past five or Bix
year.
Not having sufficient work In tho shipbuilding industry to warrant the launching
of another local, we have grappled with
waterfront conditions to tho best of our
ability, and only recently liavo been successful in securing the scale for the few men
employed at tbo docks.
Tho recent trouble originated In this way:
Two shipwrights belonging to tbe Vancouver
local, were employed at tho dock. Ono of
thom in the capacity of foreman, and who
recently was discharged. The other man, on
the very noxt day, refused to work longer,
unless our men would como out for the Vancouvor scale without further notice. This
they refused to do, without flrst holding n
mooting and giving due notice. And I am
not so sure that the Vancouvor scale was
even signed up at that time. Now our position Is this: We aro willing to co-operate ln
every reasonable way with the Vancouver
local of shipwrights, and if conditions in this
city will warrant the launching of a local for
that industry, we will gladly welcome its Institution. But under the present arrangement, we claim the right to continue work
at the dry dock until the time Ib opportune
to demand an increase.
So far as tho wages of machinists are
concerned, the scale Ib 56-4 c from Nov. 11,
1017, to January 1, 1918, and on and after
that date, 65%c
Thanking you, Mr. Editor, I remain, years
fraternally,
W. E. THOMPSON.
Prince Rupert, Jan, 16, 1028.
(Copy)
Mo Strlk* at the Loctl Dry Dock
The Doc. 28th Issue of The B. O. Federatlonist published an article to the effect that
a strike had been called at the local dry
dock by the Shipwrights and Carpenters, and
giving ab the reasons, an unfair foreman recently employed, and the arrogant and domineering manner of- the manager, Mr. Fills-
bury, and his rocently exercised nnfalr attitude toward labor.
Having boen appointed jointly by the
Trades and Labor council and tbe Carpenters' union to mako an Investigation, and as
a result, I absolutely repudiate the statements In tho article In tbo first Instance,
thoro has boen no Btrike called at tho dock,
the carpenters are receiving 62 %c per hour
for an 8-hour day, union wagos and hours.
Mr. Doiron tho foreman (who by the way
Ib our local boat builder), in not unfair to
laboij having paid tbo union scale to his employees, and hns always, been on tha carpenters' fair list, and at tha last meeting of
that organisation, the voto waa unanimous ln
his favor. The Investigation also reveals the
fact tbat tho machinists have been receiving
the union scale since Nov, 1.
In speaking of the manager, Hr, Pillsbury,
lot me point out to union men especially,
tkat I am not endeavoring to give credit
othor than what is justly due.   Our organlia-
Has Labor Oone to Sleep?
Editor B. C. Federationist: As I have not
seen nny notice of a candidate being nominnted as yet to represent the working people
of Vancouver in the coming bye-election I
was wondering if Labor lind gone asleep
since its repulse on Dec. 17 Inst. I notice
the opposing interests hnve been busy scheming how they may ngnin foul the electors
by some game of Hi in-J] inn, but 1 still have
Hopes thnt "you enn't foul ull the peoplo
all the time." Therefore, it is absolutely
necessary thnt n candidute in the interests
of Labor bo nominated at once and a chance
givon the workors to wipe out the stain
canned by their political cupidity last mouth.
Further, I would liko to see Mr. E. T,
Kingsley given the nomination, fur I know
of no man who could better advueato Labor's
cause or who hus done more fur the Labor
movement In this province thnn the same
E. T. He Is the strongest candidate we
could possibly put up nnd wuuld Btand a
betor show of going to Vietoria than any
other I know of.
Our repulse on Dec. 17 wns u bad one;
evidently not more thnn one union man in
five voted the Labor ticket; added to that
the fine of $600 which the government levied
from tho three Labor candidates fur attempting to exercise their political rights as free-
born British eiti/fiiK, is rather disgusting.
But Lubor must not expect its rond to frci
dom   to   be  strewn   with   rosebuds  and
The
our
enndidnte's name and the cntise for which
he stands before every elector. The expenses cnn bc met by voluntary contribution from working peoplo and by tuking up
collections at nny meetings that may bo held
Elections can .only bc won by keeping over-
lastlngly on the job. "It is time for a
change," it Is long past thc time when
Labor should be represented nccordlng to
its numbers in every legislative body In the
land.* After voting time und time again for
fifty years there is nut a single representative of the class that constitute 00 per cent,
of the population fn any parliament in Canada. Let our motto be, "It is time for a
change."
CAREFUL READER.
Vancouver, Jan. 7, 101H.
tke  condition   Is  precisely  the  same  when   tlons have previously had their troubles at
Parker Williams tbe Would-be Lloyd Oeorge
of British Columbia
Editor B. C. Federatlonist; For it number
of years 1 have been slightly acquuhited with
this gentleman. I have seen him as a member uf the legislature, nnd when he was not
a member. 1 have hud cause before now to
challenge him in his writings to the public
press, und at other times in our work in, the
interest of labor. I have been called upon
to measure his skill in cumpositiou in the
formation of special resolutions. I had hoped
for a time at least, even subsequent to his
appointment as a member uf the provlnolal
house, that lubor hud found in him a sincere friend, but I regret to confess that for a
few yenrs now, my hopes in hiyi had grown
shaky, and at this moment when I think of
him as the colossal blunder of labor I
shudder to realise the rude set back Labor
must experience as a result. No section of
the Labor field of this province has bad lo
buffer so innocently and Intensely at thi
hands of a traitor as Vancouver Island. And
no cause has been su strangled in the
house of those who professed to bo its
friends. It is now understood that this disreputable delinquent will attempt another
steal upon Labor. Great stories have been
circulated with respect to his transcending
ability and cleverness, but what of bis record of so itmny years in parliament ( Hus
he ever helped or has he not hindered Labur's
cause! Tangible work in the interest uf the
cause he minimized, disappears, and did
never amount iu u full-blown shadow,
was *ho must amusing joke thc house ever
relished so lavishly. Will the people uf Newcastle riding stoop to acknowledge the renegade; 1 prefer tu think not. One answer
by Labor should be given against tbe intruder. He should be snowed under so deeply
that B resurrection of such hypocrisy in the
unnuls of Labor un the island should never
be pusslble again.
Let'Labor bo true tu itself on the 21th
Inst., and refuse to be further duped by _?.
William's persistent efforts to ensure n munificent position or safe bread ticket, which hns
rur msny days the luminous *tar of the 8Bpirlnfc
Lloyd George of B. C, Now this has beon
assured, why should the gentleman become
discontented with the mesB of pottage so
eagerly clutched and accepted ns the price
for the selling out of Labor! Men of character, men who havo shown in the pnst, their
unBhaken faith in Labor's causo, are the
men of the hour. It is my earnest hope that
the men of Newcastle district will do all In
their power to condemn the shameful act of
Williams, by electing the man who Is their
choice at tho hend of the poll.
_ „ F. J. S.
Vancouver, B. C, January 10, 1018,
Foreign Exchanges Please Oopy
Editor B. C. Federationist: Looking for-
ward to a period of reconstruction after the
war, it Ib essential that representative expressions of the Labor movement, be placed
n the hands of the soldiers in France to
keep them in touch with the day bv day
events. '    *     *
Representing Canada, we have the B C
Fedorationist and tho Winnipeg Voice, 'and
the Western Clarion, the official organ of tlie
Socialist Party of Cannda. To thu editors
of these and foreign oxohanges, 1 suggest
that notices bo prominently displayed setting
forth the fact, tbat all subscribers, after
reading, forward their copies to friends ovir-
seas. We must not sneer at the fnct uf them*!
being there, but rather, place them in touch
with tho ideu that Labor creates all wealth,
and that an Internntionnl federation of
labor Is the only baso on which a lasting
peace can be madu possible. There can be
no war, with a world of Labor Inclined to
peace. t
If the editors of these journals mentioned
will take charge of this "drive," It will release mo and give me greater opportunities
to keep more closely in touch with executives of the international Labor movement,
in which operations of vast magnitude arc In
process of operation, ,
Regarding officials of the Labor movemont,
I urgently draw their attention to the fact
that the Individual membership must be
spurred on to greater efforts, and Individual
efforts arc the essentials absolutely necessary
if nnything is to be accomplished.
Worker, your duty to yourself and to your
fellow worker Ib, to place this Journal yon
aro reading, ln the hands of a soldier In
uniform, or a fellow worker in overalls. Tou
are the executive, the business agent, the
loader, the president, tbe power, and as on
the productive, political or Labor field, nothing or everything is possible; it relies on
your Individual effort,
Death and misery Is the price paid for ignorance, Vou wll) feel the recoil, as we are
all members of one class.
You will progress just bb far as tbe Intelligence of yonr fellow worker will permit, bo
far and no farther.
With a clear head and conscience pass your
knowledge, through speech or literature,
along. Let light shine on darkness and we
have nothing to fear,
S. H. COOKE.
17 Hastings street west,
January 0, 1018.
OFFICIAL LIST OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNCIL MEETING
Attendance Boll Prepared t>y Stttiiti-
cian Fred. Knowles of Central
Laber Body
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, N, Lambert.
Bricklayers—W.  Plpee,    J.  Dagnall,    F.
Vaughn.
Barbers—0. fi. Herrltt.
Bartenden—No delegates.
Bookbinders—No delegates.
Brewery Workers—J. Pike.
Boiler Makers—T. Fawkes, M. McEachern,
E. A. Alston, V. Young, W. Marshall.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—R.
Massecar. -.
Bakers—No delegates.
Blacksmiths—No delegates.
Cigar Makers—A. P. Tietsen, C. F. Swarti,
J. Walters, W, R. Smith.
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley, G, Harrison, J. McFarlane, J. White.
CookB and Waiters—W. McKensle,
Carpenters (Bro.)—G. C. Thom, G. H.
Hardy, W. ThomaB, J. R. Campbell, A. McDonald,
Carpenters (Amal.)—J. G. Smith, B. Edmonds,
Civic Employees {North Shore)—No delegates.
Deep Sea Fishermen—No delegates.
Electrical Workers—No delegates.
Garment WorkerB—No delegates.
Civic Firomen—A. W. Betts, W. Milne, J.
J. Murray.
I. A. M. 777—F. E. Elney.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, R. Wight, J.
Dodd, J. McArthy.
Longshoremen—G. Kelly.
Lathers—No delegates.
Freight Handlers—W. Manning, J. Har-
bottle.
Machinists 182—J. H. McVety, J. Brookes,
A. R. Towler.
Moving  Picture Operators—No   delegates,
Molders—A. H. Donaldson.
Meat Cutters—N. Brozewell, A. H. Beres-
ford.
Pressmen—No delegates,    t
Plumbers—A. Cowling, G, Rose.
Pattern Makers—No delegatea.
Painters—H. Grand, J. Wilson, R, Stevenson.
PresB Assistants—No delegates.
P'lndrlvors—W. F. Ironsides, W. Campbell
E. Carlson, E. Hawkes, E, Horn.
Plasterers—A. Hurry, J. Williamson,
Retail Clorks—A. P. Glen, C, D. Bruce.
Street Railway Employeos—F. A. Hoover,
W. H. Cottrell, A. V. Lofting, W. Kermode.
Railway Mai) Clerks—No delegates.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Friend, A.
J. Crawford.
Sailors-W. S. Burns.
Shoo Workers—No   delegates.
Stage Employees—No delegates.
Shlpynrd Laborers—M. Phelps, W. Hardy,
G. Kilpatrick.
Steam Enginoers—J. R. Flynn, F. L. Hunt,
W. L. Vaughan, W. Alexander.
Shipwrights—R.   and K.  McKensle.
8. 8. Dredgeinon—No delegates.
Tailors—H.   Gutteridge,   J.   Ellsworth.
Typos.■—Geo. Bartley.
Tilolayers—No delegates.
Telegraphers—G. L. Gauvreau.
Teamsters—F. Poolo, B. Showier, W. M.
Brown, W. Burgess, F. Haslett.
Musicians—A. J. Malacord, J. Dennis.
Visitors—D. McCallum.
Total, 87.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AdO
Trades and Labor Conncil.
Friday, January 13, 1893
Following delegates took their seats: Geo.
Walker, Frank Gladwin, Geo. Gagen, U. B.
of Carpenters and Joiners; J. R. Morrison,
D. O'Dwyer, F. P. Bishop, Painters; W. T.
Green, C. McDonald, D. Holmewood, Stovo-
dorcs; C. R. Monck, J. Rumble, R. Watson,
Journeymen Stonecutters; G. Leaper, H, McKeo, Geo. Pollay, Shaftesbury Assembly, K.
of L.; Wm. Fowler, J. Scott, T. Tidy, Bricklayers  and   Stonemasons.
Officers elected: President, C. R. Monck;
vice-president, T. Tidy; secretary, Geo. Gagen; treasurer, Colin McDonald; statistician,
Geo. Leaper. Auditing committee—W.
Lundy, Geo. Walker, Dan O'Dwyer. Organization committer—J. Rumble, F. P. Bishop, Geo. Bartley. Parliamentary committee
—Wm. Towler, Geo. Pollay, J. R. Morrison,
Geo. Bartley,/
SEMI-READY SUITS
are the Expert Testomony
of careful Tailoring—England and Canada contribute
the cloth—expert specialized tailoring the garment^-
and -there is no greed for
profit in the price in the
pocket.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
—FEDERATIONIST PHONE—
SEV. 7495
AFFEB 6 p.m.—SETS7407E
WINTER    TIME    18
TELEPHONE   THIS
The teli'pl one It ef particular value
lu winter time. Wben weather con*
dltlon. are unfavorable to travel, wltb
abort daya and dark nights, the tele*
phr-ne U right at hand. One simply
talk,, distance doea not count. Though
atortna temporarily interfere wltb aervice, tho mon in the field loon re*
atore communication. Telephone aer-
vice Ib continuous—ab continuous as
human power can mako It.
Tho long distance telephone la your
best friend In winter. Special ratea
on our lines In tbe evening.
B. 0. TELEPHOME OOMPAKY, LIB
The new "EMPEESB" can-
tainer has knocked out Ilgh
Coffee Prices.
Thousands of thrifty housewives are now buying
Empress Coffee
in the new,   sanitary,   weatherproof, double-lined bog—
NOW
ONLY
40c
per Lb,.
pm
_
COFFEE
t lb   |S
\k_tU_W-U__^a__1
Tho old Tin Coffee-Can is dying
—and tho house wife mivei the
cost. If yon pay 50 conts for
Coffoo you pay 10 centfl for tke
can.
Buy Empress—tho eame famous
EMPRESS COFFEE at 40«-in
tho paper bag.
Bold under a monoy-back guarantee. Empress Coffee ii u-
ground to preserve the full
flavor—your groeor will grimi it.
Union Made
HATS
MADE TO FIT TOUB HEAD
$3.50 and $4.00
NONE TO EQUAL THEM
SELLERS & DAVIS
H»t Manufacturers
344 ABBOTT STBBBT
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
(Bet. Hastings and Cordora Sts.)
NEWS STANDS
The Federationist Is on aale In
Vancouver at the following news
stands:
UNIVERSAL MEWS STAND,
184 Hastings Street Eaat
P. 0. NEWS STANDS,
Foot Oranvllle Street
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Corner Hastings and Colusbia
MoFADDEN NEW8TASD,
422 RicbardB Street
B. C. E. NEWS STAND,
Cor. Carrall and Hastlnga Street
THODET'S NEWS STAND,
Cor. Richards and Hastlags
JOHN GREEN NEWS STAND,
205 Carrall Street
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoilte Labor Tsmple
VANOOUVER. B. 0.
—Headquartera for Labor Ilea—
Rates—76o and $1.00 per day.
$2.50 per week and up.
Cafe at Bwaonatie JUtai
T.B. CUTHBERTSON*CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Street
012 Hastlnga Street Waat
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Hne Creamy Latter
and Doea Not Dry on tba Fata
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
Copenhagen
Chawing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has
flavor.
a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use. FBD»AT.  January 11, 1918
1
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TAGE SEVBN
FOR
BETTER
BREAD
FOR
BIGGER
LOAVES
The Wise Housewife Uses
Royal Standard Flour
It points the way to perfection in your breadraaking.
If you have been indifferent when ordering Flour
begin the use of the famous "Money-Back" Flour
today. It is sold to you with the knowledge that no
flour can be superior. Ask your grocer. He knows.
This is the
Royal
Standard
Trade-Mark
Look for -
\ It on
Every Sack
You Buy
Three Things Everybody Wants
—Beauty, Health and Comfort
but theso are things you can't be assured of unless your
j    teeth arc in good condition.
Just becnuse your teeth aro defective, however, is no renson why
you mny not enjoy those blessings. By skilf.il dentistry those do*
foots may be remedied and in appearance, physical condition and
ease of mind you will bo more than repaid.
Seo me concerning your teeth. Let me examine tbem. Tell mo
tbe history of your case. I will then advise you as to tbeir restoration so as to give you perfect satisfaction.
X-Bay films taken if necessary; 10-year guarantees
ttttt,
PHONE SET. 3331
Examinations   made    on
phone appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Street Wost, Cor. Soymour
Office Opon Until 6 p.m. Daily
FEDERATIONIST CAMPAIGN FUND
Tht B. 0. Federation of Labor is still in need of fundi to cover expenses, both In connection wtta the political campaign just closed and also to prepare for by-elections In B. 0. In
the atar fitnre. For this reason The Federationist harlteelded to re-open Its Campaign
Fui4 mi appeals to all the workere, who can, to "do their bit" by giving all they oan to-
vtrit Vkis important fund. Cut out tho above, Sll in your name and address and the
amonat y— are willing to contribute to the campaign fund of the B. 0. Federation of Labor,
•nil forward with enclosure to B. Parm. Pettipiece, Labor Tampla, Vaneoaver, B. 0. The
aiaoarti will he acknowledged from weok to week and forwarded to the B. 0. F, of L,
trearvrlr   ta he nsed ln securiag the olection of Labor rejreientatioi, ■
w
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Previously acknowledged  |tS.2S
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
Hy E. T. KINUSLHY
The merit aud real worth of
this publication is shown by tk*
fact that aince It waa issued on
November, 1016, orders for thousands of coplea have been received from all parte of the world
and additional ordera aro coming
in by every mall.
In a clear-cut and concise style
this booklet goes thoroughly into
tbe question of the economic position of capltaliat society and the
position of the working classes ln
relation to It.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and the worker are dealt with In
a manner which solves In plain
and forceful logic many points on
which the worker of today is often
"at sea" when mooting arguments.
THE BOOKLET FORMS A VALUABLE TEXT BOOK AND WORK
OF REFERENCE FOB WOBKEBS
AND STUDENTS OF ECONOMIC
PROBLEMS
Packages of 100 copies or
more, 6 cents par copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or In any number up to 100 copies, 10 cants
each (postpaid).
—the noted writer on wage workers'
problems who haa glren tha lait word on
this subject ln "Tot Genesis and Evolution of Slavery."
Many labor organisations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of
this booklet, their flrat ordera having been readily disposed of by sale or distention.   Those advices state that the booklet Is eagerly songht and read with
keen interest by their members.
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
LUpB TEMPLE        B. PABH. PEITIP1E0E. Manager     VAOTOnVEB, B. C.
FROM I LAND
Earthly Scenes as Viewed
From the Dizzy Heights
of  Spook  Land
Strange Things Seen By an
Aviator Who Used "Near
Beer" for Fuel
Now and again in magazines and elsewhere
one roads ahout strango occurrences, curious
happenings and Rucli-llko stories. Tho recorders of theso events class them aa belonging to the occult or psychic, a field of
phonomena that is vory Beldom explored by
scientists, Ordinary readers of these stories,
however, relegate thonr'to another category
into which is dumped, without sifting, most
everything that emanates from tho press,
and Indeed from anywhere to such an extent has disbelief carried them.
And yet, I daresay, not ono of these readers could account for every happening In
their own lives by puro materialism, As
for myself I havo often thought that greatest
of all dramatists, Shakespeare, made the
melancholy Dono say to HoratluB, "There
are stranger things in heavon »n<l earth than
is dreamod of in your philosophy," for
something moro than dramatic effect. And
it is to gather a few grains of evidence for
what I'm going to relate hero that I have
quoted this greatest of all thinkers.
On Christmas eve I was sitting in the
sin ok ing-room of a certain hotel, talking to
a friend whose chief delight was spinning
yarns about the things he had seen and
hoard at seances. And he was telling mo
about hiB very latest oxperlences, and perhaps he saw I was listening but doubting
his every word. Well, he got sore about my
good-natured toleration of his tale; roso up
and excitedly told me I was just like any
othor "bonehead" who disbelieved in the
subject without having Investigated it. I
admitted this in ns gentle a manner as I
could and nt the same time pointed out-that
the opportunity never come my way,
"Would you," he said, "aacept tho opportunity to investigate if tonight it came in
your wayt" "Why, surel" I exclaimed,
never dreaming that he wasn't saying thiB
for stalling. "Will you como now to a certain house, where the cleverest peoplo sometimes go and where a seance will be arranged to give us a forecast of the year to
como!"
Consenting to this we rose and, putting
on our coats, sallied  forth   into   the night.
II. .   .
In a room whose light was subdued to a
deep twilight, sovon people woro seated
around a tabic- holding each others hands.
Sly friend told mo this wns to gather sufficient magnetism for materialization. I didn't
know what ho meant, but if they didn't take
iny wad—about two dollars—I didn't care.
About this time a curious feeling began
creeping up my spine. You sometimes feel
the Mime when martini music is being played
by a good orchestra and sometimes when a
Rood voice sings n pleasing song.
This feeling kept growing until it nearly
choked tne and then the figure of a venerable
looking old man, dressed in tho everyday
clothes of tho ordinary business man, appeared at my side nnd in clear, distinct
tones, spoko as follows:
"Wo havo with us tonight a stranger and
ccptic nnd for bis cspeclnl benefit we
propose to control his spirit and show It a
little of tho world you all live in and that
ho may tell to a larger nndienco of sceptics
than foregathers here, the things ho sees and
hears." At this juncture the breath almost
left my body, nnd the next momont I was
looking down on a country whoso form
seemed not unlike our own mountainous
country nnd over which dnrk, sullen clouds
woro gnthcrlng. "The gt^im spectres of
death, hunger nnd pestilence." said my
guide. And then there ascended to my cars
a symphony of the most discordant sounds
human earn ever listened to. A red flash
rends thc heavens nnd the whole scene fadi
ns suddenly ns it formed. "Revolution,
spoke my guide. "And tlie name of tho
country t" I eagerly enquired. "That was
Italy," enmo the answer. Out of tho mists
arose- another scene which, ns we descended
nearer, seemed familiar. "May we not descend to tho vory earth itself?" I nsked,
For this scene awakens memories of other
days in nie."
III.
Shades of night falling on n large city.
Tho streets wore filled- with millions of men,
women and little children, Millions moro
were still working in the sweatshops of this
plaoe. Not a light was burning in tho streets
and the crimes we saw committed, tho lust
displayed, filled my smil with a great dis-
guest. Hal my first landmark, tho Bridge
of Sighs, comes into view. Over thiB historic bridge has leaped many thousands of
weary men and women who had been weighted down with tho shackles of their slavery
and whos starved bodies could not longer
support the burden that hsd broken them.
'Do wo nover die?" I questioned my
guide. "I lived on your enrth nnd, when
I shuffled off the mortal coils thnt bound
me, I curried to nnother plane the memories
of life," my guide replied, "Then tell me,
sir, can the spirits help those on oarthl"
I interrogated, "ft is Impossible to resist
helping those we love!" he exclaimed. Then,
though I, it is equally impossible to resist
helping those yon hate to a well-desorvod
punishment. My guide spoke, as if in answer to my thought: "Thoso men whom
you liavo just seen despnll the bodios of
those young women, they will carry with
them the memory of their debauching and
the young women will never forgot, either.
Those young men languishing in that prison
will nevor forget why they woro put there
and many will leave thoir cells only in tho
spirit form." And the mon of the match
factories, the potteries, the cotton mills and
the collieries, tho chain-makers of Cradley
Heath—Christ I '' Say, miBtor,'' and tke
words leaped from mc, "did the spirits start
this war as retribution for the crimes of
civilization!" A kindly smile kindled the
lights in my old guide's eyes: "Ah, son,
thnt is too deep a question for me to answer except in part for, just like you on
earth, we do not know everything—but thoy
helped!" r
And then we wore in n magnificent room
of groat expanse. On the walls hung pictures In their gilded frames, paintings of
this country's statesmen. And at a table
sit some men in conversation. I can hear
them distinctly. One snld: "We havo got
the best machinery that, with all thie turmoil and clamor, the meanness of our profiteers, the hopelessness nnd Inek of vitality
of our workors, we cnn got. And soon we
will be able to release millions to take care
of this new dnngor."
Another spoke: "Our food aupply Is growing scarcer and even though we do ration
our whole pooplo in nil our countries we
will just about keep tho spark of lifo going.
Then thero is the growing discontent of onr
people, as oui* cousin horo puts it, 'Will
they stand for it! Stand for itt" exclaimed a third; "the peoplo will stand for
anything; their past nnd prosent history shows
it." "What worries mo most, sir, ' pots
ln anothor speaker, "Is how to replaco in
profitable positions tho captains of thoso Industries which wo havo got to put out of
commission." "Oct tho othors to pool their
profits, mnko standard profits for them all,"
suggested anothor. "Ask the lion to share
tbo lamb with the tiger," caustically comments tho first.
At this stage a knock is hoard at tho
door. At the word of command from within
the room the door is opened, and a young
man, pale of face, nervonn and quito evidently distressed of mind, is shown Into tho
mom. "Well, whnt havo you to report!"
spoke ono to tho young man who stands
beforo tho group, bareheaded. "Strikes,
gentlemen; everywhere j I can not control
them." "And what nro they striking for
this timo!" spoko anothor, "Ever tho same
thing, sir—moro monoy I Always 'moro
money I" "Woll, so long as thoy don't
Btrike for tbo wholo workn, wo should
worry!" flippantly spenks tho oanstlo ono,
Thon another scone is laid bofore me, a ward
In a large hospljal. Writhing on tho bod
in torment lies naif tho figure of a man,
the lower hnlf is gone. Oh, the Intense pain
ln that man's fncol Agnin tho scene changes
-we aro in a room in a grimy tenement.
Squatting nn the floor four children are playing al running a storo. lining dirty portions
of brokon crockery for goods,
Il reminded me of a story I once hoard
nbont stage lifo. A "super'' was engaged
to take part In a banquet scene of a certain
great piny.    Loaded on the table are dishes
A Suspected Wife Vindicated
******      ******      «*«««*    - ******
A Problem Play in Real Life
It is not often that The FederationiBt deals with those "problem" subjects whieh are so dear to the heart
of the novelist or the theatre manager,
or evangelist—both fond of "dolicate"
Subjects with matinees "for wolnen
only." We are living in war times,
our men aro going across the seas—
wives are left at home subject not
only to temptations but to suspicion
and to slander and so I go today a little off The Federationist beaten track
to call attention to a case which has
vital human interest for husbands
across tho seas, for wives left at home,
for the great number of womon found
among the constituency of thiB paper—
for a newspaper feels itself to hold a
representative position.
Many men havo married just before
going "off to tho wars." This has
been a custom in all agos. The soldier
has wished to "make sure" of his
girl; it hns been felt that old pledges
should bo kopt no matter what happens—nnd thero has beon another practical reason—the soldier's wifo has provision—of a sort.
Tho husband dcpartB. There aro
plenty of "Paul Prys," "Nosoy Park*
ors"—working in tho interest of "pa;
triotic funds," "social purity leagues"
and other such organizations, who
"keep an eye" on the wife at home—
and should it happen that the soldier's
wifo shows signs of boing "as all womon wish to bo who love thoir lords"
—to uso a Shakespearian expression-
well, there are plenty of busybodies
who will count the days sinco the lords
departed and "timo" tho expectant
mother almost with a stop-watch. Let
the "Uttle stranger" como to town a
day or two after the* timo theso pry*
ing mathematicians have calculated-
then an innocent act of human friendliness becomes exaggerated—and
faithful wife is suspected, sometimes
accused, of infidelity. Tho writer
knows of half a dozen cases of snch
accusations being mado—and though it
woro foolish to say thero aro no faith-
loss wives, thero havo boon several
cases of unfounded, cruel suspicion.
Even so high-minded a woman as
Quoen Victoria had to regret tho aspersions she cast upon ono of her maids
of honor—a puro woman, a gifted
pootess, whose heart was brokon by un
just suspicion.
But to come to the case whieh has in
spired this article:
Captain Ellis Campbell Bowdcn, E.
A. M. C, sued for divorco from his
wife, Mrs, Dorothy Bowdcn, on tho
ground of misconduct with "somo man
unknown." Mrs. Bowdon hnd given
birth to a child, of which Captain Bowdcn snid ho could not bo the father.
The marriago was "a marriage of
affection." The marriago took plooe
on Juno 17, 1015. Thoy lived together
until Dccomber of that year, and on the
20th of that month Captain Bowden
wont overseas, nnd Mrs.. Bowdon wont
to stay with a brother. She gnvo birth
to a child on Oct. 22, 1916. Sho discovered hor condition on March of that
year and wrote telling her husband.
Ho replied, as a modical man, that she
must bo mistaken, or if true tho ohild
could not be his. Ho joined hor in
Juno—suspicious, but wniting to see
when tho child would *,be born. It was
not born until Oct. 22. That was 307
days from tho date tho captain loft
his wifo. Ho repudiated thc child and
its hiothor, and sued for a divorco.
The wife's letters to hor husband
nbout "thoir" beautiful boy "with
blue eyes and dark hair" were, in the
circumstances,  most pathetic.
Tho trial came on. Tho husband wns
firm in' his repudiation of tho child
which ho had not seen, nnd would not
seo, although he had been told tho boy
resembled him. Medical cvidonce was
called in support of tho husband's
view, but no direct evidonce was produced of impropor intimacy with any
man. Medical evidence was given on
behalf of tho wife.' Threo doctors said
ton-months child was not unknown"—and ono doctor said he had
known of three cases of "protracted
gcBtationV—or "delayed birth"—going to 298, 306 and 309 days respectively. Tho writer of this articlo has
known of ono enso going fnr boyond
that, and he points to. the fact that
tho law of   Scotland   gives the wife
very much greater latitudo thon
thc law of Englnnd, Tho precedent is
cited in Scotland of a woman who Bhut
herself in a convont when her husband
"went to the wars." In the eonvent
there was no man, but its gloom, and
quietness retarded natural development—and the young wife did not give
birth to a child until nearly elovon
months after sho hod parted with her
husband—who wns killed in battle Tho j
Scotch law presumed tho child legitimate and gave him his father's estates.
Tho Bowdon case is remarkable for
tho attitude takon by the judge. "I
have scon the lady," said the judge;
"I have heard hor give her ovidonee.
She has convinced mo she is spoaking
the truth—and I believe her though a
dozon doctors nllcgo sho may be lying.
I boHeve her to bo a faithful wife and
I rofuso to divorce hor. I dismiss tho
petition with costs."
Of courso it will be pointed ont that
hero is "a precedent" thai may be
used to shield a faithless wife. It may,
but justice is generally done when a
judge knows human nature—and relies
on it. Anyway here is a "human intereat " Btory whioh we commend to
the prying "goody-goody" ^olk who
have tnade some aoldiers' wives mia*
arable—and there are some Othello-like
husbands of jealous disposition who
may be warned by this atory of real
life.
PETEB PICKUP.
IS UBOR FOR LABOR?
of nicely-painted Imitation of venison, roast
meat and turkoy. Seated around tke table
are the squires, lackoyr- tnd men-at-arms.
Each holds a drinking-horn filled with colored
water and they rise and drink the toast,
"The King, Ood bless him!" Tke "super"
reels and falls dead and when a doctor
examines him ke found he kad died of hunger.
I ofton thought that death was hastened
by tho bittor worry of his surroundings. But
theso children wero intent upon this game
of mako-believo and wero selling ehlnaware,
receiving bb currency tke dirt of tke floor.
Huddlod up in a corner on a bundle of rags
a woman sits witb a babo at ker breast.
"The child sucks until It's tired." my guide
spoke; "sho has no milk to givo It." "Who
Ib the woman; whero Is the husband—Is he
dead!" I questioned, ''That was him you
saw in tbo hospital."" "For God's sake,
sir, take mo back to Canada again, anywhoro
from this I" I cried, A man and a woman
seated in a room talking; the furnishings
of this room wore altogether dlfforont from
the othor. Tho woman says: "Walt 'til
they gather In this first draft; there will ba
lots of work—maybo you'll got a good Job
thon." The man answers; "I hope sol"
Whoro nro wo nowt" I onqulred. "In
Vancouver," came tho answer. "And now
tho magnetism Ib growing weak and I can
no longer hold myself or you, so if you have
any questions to nsk,  bo brief."
First to mind jumped the ono which we
aro all concerned about: "How long will
tho war last!" I asked, "Until they're
tired," enmo tho answor, "Who'll wint"
wbb tho next. "No ono," was tho reply.
Will thoro be a revolution I" wan my next,
wan smile lit up his fnce and then the
whole form   fndfld   Into nothing.
I sat all the next morning thinking and
reasoning tho wholo thing out. "Mental dissociations," soma kind of passing psycho-
>atho)ogical disease, was the only conclusion
! hnd reacbtd when a friend came in. After
relating it all to him ho pronounced It as
boing due to bad "hooch" on a brain not
used to the  distillations of a "blind-pig."
The triumph of District Attorney Fickert
of San Francisco in the recall election of
December IB, bf a majority of 20,000 votes
out of 76,000 votea cast, brings us face to
face with somo unpleasant political toots.
It is true that the lsne of the Mooney cases
and Flokert's unscrupulous conduct of them
was confused with that of so-called moral
reform, and that San Francisco's hatred at
"moral" regulation and holier-than-thou reformers came to Flokert's aid. Bat If
Labor had voted solidly against him, as lta
honest and Intelligent epokesmen urged it
to do, the result would have been different.
The truth is that organized Labor has aot
yet found Itself in this country in the political field. Large numbers of Its rank and
file Btill seo the Labor movement as merely
a moans by which they can obtain an occasional wage increase and slightly mitigate
the harshness of the established order in
Its effect on their personal fortunes. They
are still confused by the hasy compromising
attitude assumed by evon their highest leaders, leaders who worship the established
order as piously as any banker except when
they collide head on with it In tbe carrying
out of some of their relatively remedial
measures. These leaders have yet to come
to grips with fundamentals. They will Insist on the right to strike and to picket an
employer's place of business. They properly
attack the theory that to do these things
is to interfere with a legitimate property
right. Yet they are complacent and respectful before the exercise by employers of other
property rights not a bit less unjust and
anti-social—such as the right to.exact huge
profits through tho holding of natural resources and machinery out of use and thereby creating scarcity prices.
The plain truth is that too many of the
rank and file of Labor, and the expropriated
masses generally, still look up to the men
who exploit them. They still. follow the
predacious strong man, glorying in bis prowess and thankful for a few crumbs tossed to
them from his tabic. Even among organlied
workmen, there Ib still somo of thla feeling
toward thoir exploiters among the capitalist
and employing class. But ln an organized
field this worship of the strong man Is more
often diverted to somo labor chieftain. In
San Francisco thero are Labor leaders who
belong to fashionable clubs, who aro seen at
evory prise fight and overy gala evont In the
smartest of clothes and with conspicuous
diamonds. All their followers ask is that
in a narrow segment of the common life
ihey "deliver tho goods" in an occasional
wngo increase or an occasional personal
favor, and, by efficient management of tbe
union's affairs, that they maintain it as a
bulwark against petty tyranny and a means
of foaterlng its members''independence and
self-respect. But outside of this field they
not only expect their leaders to wax fat on
the perquisite* of politicians, but they actually glory in the fatness and sleekness and
prestige of their chief. It is enough for
thom that now and tben he can get a friend
out of jail or do some other favor of the
sort that aro at the disposal of a political
That machine may bare twin rata
in the tenderloin and ta the inner oOm al
a public service corporation, bat lba taak
and,file art tolerant. Leaders of this tree
had mask to do with keeping fickert iv
ofloe.
Mr. W. B. Carter, prealdeat of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen aad Engine-
men, spoke from tke heart recently wben be
said, in addressing aa audience of Brother'
hood men: "Congressmen bave long since
learned that to .oppose the designs of the
wealthy men of the United States Is to bring
upon themselves an avalanche of political
opposition that surpasses ln its intensity and
effleloncy even Prussian militarism. When
members of these Brotherhoods ean readily
be hired hy tke funds contributed to a poUtlcal campaign by these same wealthy men to
defeat for election congressmen and othen
wbo foughl for the legislation objectionable
to wealth, let na not be too quick to condemn congressmen for not already having
pat an end to profiteering and not already
having taxed war profits out of existence.
When working people are politically honest
and have sufflclent political intelligence to
distinguish friends from foes, much ofl which
tbey now bitterly complain will disappear
as does a morning mist before a morning's
snn."
Some day soon, lot ns hope, we shall hear
a man speaking after this fashion to tbt
whole American Labor movement. The movement la ready for each plain speaking. It
needa a leader who, for instance, would have
denounced and repudiated a Labor afBcial
like Mr. Frank Feeaey of Philadelphia, wbo
helped Senator Boles Penrose spend tbe
alush fund of the Republican National committee in tbe campaign of 1916 against
President Wilson. Instead, Mr. Feeney's
name appeared on an Important committee
of the Buffalo convention. It needs a governing body more interested in Labor's welfare than in the perpetuation of a political
machine. It needs the leadership of men
who are willing and glad to co-operate with
every intelligent, alneere, liberal element In
the community in a drive against the fundamental causes of poverty and oppression.
Labor in England Is doing that today.  A
similar policy   eannot   be   to
America.—ThB Public.
long  delayed  la
NEXT TBAB'S SONG
Hy Tuesdays art meatless,
My Wednesdays are wheatloss,
I'm getting more eatleBs each day.
My house It Is beatless,
My bed It Is sheetless, .
They've gone to the T. M. 0. A.
The bar-rooms are treatless,
My coffee Is sweetless;
Each day I get poorer and wiser.
My stocking are  feetless,   my trousers  are
seatless.
Gee whlss,  how I hate the  damn kaiser 1
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Street Wait
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is II IN TOUBB?
—none Fairmont MM—
ARNOLD &
QUIGLEY
JANUARY
Clearance
Entire stock ot Men's
high-grade Suits and
Overeoats being closed at
extraordinary reductions.
Investigate these savings:
$9.75
$16.75
$19.85
$23.85
$975
$16.75
$19.75
$24.75
Up to 426, Men's
odd Suits	
Up to «25.00,
Men's Suits .
Up to 430.00,
lien'• Suits...
Up to 135.00
Men's Suits ...
Up to *20.00
odd Overvoats.
Up to 425.00—
Overvoats.......
Up to 430.00—
Overeoats	
Up to 435.00—
Overcoats 	
Arnold &
Quigley
546 Granville St.
-FEDEEATIONJ8T ?HONE-
SEY. 7495
APTEE 6 p.m.—BET. 74471
Union
MADE
Beer
'Ale
AND
Porter
OF AMEBIC*   JQ>tr
wtemt am.i n*yw asamtata laoa
Ask In tkis Ubd wkw pantostat "»«,
IU or Porter, u a laartau. tkat It Is Uaioa
Mad.. Tkis U ear Ub.1
DEAR SIB:
Vancouver, B. C, January 9th, 1918.
This is to inform you that the Emporium Company, Ltd., has been organized for the purpose of conducting a departmental store on a co-operative basis. To be brief, the Company
is going to sell goods to its shareholders at actual invoice cost plus the cost of handling. At
the same time we will sell goods to the general public on a competitive basis. In other
words, if an article costs 50 cents and the overhead charges would bring the price up to 55
conts, that would be the oost to the shareholder. If the same article is sold in other stores
for 75 cents, that would be the eost to the genoral public. In order to do this it is necessary
that a large number of people put in a small amount of money each, which taken together
will make a sum sufficient to handle the proposition.
At the present time you can participate in this proposition by purchasing ten shares. The
par value of the shares is $1.00 each and with an investment of $10.00 you receive ten shares
and a trading certificate which will entitle you to purchase any and all goods carried by the
Company at cost plus the actual cost of handling. Besides you will participate in any profits
which the Company may make by selling goods to customers who are not shareholders.
This movement is for the purpose of reducing your living expenses. No matter how high
wages maygo if the cost of living continues to advance you are practically no better off
when working and much worse off if through sickness you should lose a week or a month, as
while you are not earning anything you arc paying exorbitant priceB whieh are made for tke
purpose of getting your wages no matter how high.
It would bc easy to write a book on why the wage-earner should get into a proposition of
this kind. Suffice it to say, however, that some of the laborers arc awakening to the situatioi
and a glance at the names of the men who are connected with thc Company will convince
you that the proposition is bona-fide and will be run honestly and in the' interests of its
shareholders, most of whom will be men who aro earning their living as employees.
In order that the shareholders may receive benefits from the very first it is the purpose »f
the Company to open a grocery and meat department about February 1st and to open other
departments as fast as the money is subscribed; and while the percentage saved on groceries
will be smaller than on any other class of goods thc saving it made practically 365 times
in the year.   In other words, you eat every day while you only buy clothes occasionally.
As soon as there is sufficient money subscribed to open these two departments thc amount
you will be required to invest will immediately be raised, how much will be left entirely with
the directors, so if you want to make sure of getting in on this proposition on the present
terms you will have to act at once. If you are unable to call at thc office you can remit (
by mail or you may drop us a line making a reservation for the number of shares you want
and a representative of the Company will call on you or, if there is anything about the proposition you do not understand, if you will write us, a representative will call and explain it.
Whatever you do, DO IT NOW.
Phone Sey. 322S
THE EMPORIUM CO., LTD.,
614 BOWER BLDG.,
543 Granville St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Pill in this application stating No. of shares wanted and remit $1.00 per share
APPLICATION FOR SHARES
To the Directors of THE EMPORIUM COMPANY, LIMITED.
543 Granville St., Vancouver, B. C.
I hereby apply for. shares (fully paid and non-assessable) of
One Dollar ($1.00) each in the above-named Company, and I request you to
allot me same.
Name in full	
Date
Street Address
191      Occupation	 maamm
■*"
PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY January 11, WW
A Bird's Eye View of the Situation
«*««««      ******      ******      ******
And a Prophecy of What Is To Follow
(Continued from Page tire)
labelled1 to show exactly the locality from which it was obtained, and
where the prospector's or engineer's report on it could be found.
The mining department should be located in the building adjoining
the exhibition rooms, so that visitors or those interested could, without unnecessary delay, ascertain all required information. The exhibit should be the best of its sort on this continent, and placed in
charge of competent officials.
The government report for 1912 throws some light on the unexplored mineral districts of this province. It points out that "not
more than twenty-five per cent, of the entire area of British Columbia
can be said to bc really known. While not even half of that portion
has been examined closely or in d'etail, by which means only its value
can bc shown. It will thus be seen that about three hundred thousand square miles ol* country known to bc mineralized, still remains a
virgin field."
The total production of placer, in which is included the gold producing hydraulic operations, up to the present date, amounts in value
to about $73,000,000. This is a very large sum indeed, in view of
the lack of organization, of transportation and other facilities. It is
reasonably safe to say that if all the placer areas, including hydraulic,
exclusive of those very limited areas, that could be operated by the
individual prospector, were organized and equipped with modern machinery, that ten or more million dollars por annum could be produced.
If this assumption is correct, and thero are but few mining engineers conversant with the facts who would assert otherwise, then why
not own and operate these gold fields and use the gold for our own
purposes? Why borrow money at heavy rates of interest when we
can produce enough gold for all needful purposes by intelligent effort on our own part ?
Thc whole position taken may be incorrect, and not worthy of consideration.   Perhaps, but why not investigate ?
Fow countries in the world have the same opportunities today. It
would not be necessary to interfere with lode gold, or the placer
operations of thc prospector. The abandoned and other areas of
Cariboo, Omincca, Stikine and Quesnel districts contain many thousands of square miles of highly auriferous gravel that can only be
operated on a large scalo. On page seven of the report quoted, we
find the following: "The modern methods of working placer deposits
demand initial outlay for plant, but a large number of powerful companies arc now engaged in British Columbia in installing the necessary machinery and equipment, under the stimulus of hydraulic mining, to yield an output of gold not previously obtained in the palmiest
days of placer mining proper. The new hydraulic companies referred to have taken up a largo number of leases of placer ground in
the province, but this branch of mining industry is at present only in
its infancy."
This is all absolutely true, but if true, why turn this most rapid and
cheapest method known of producing gold in large quantities over to
foreign corporations, when we ourselves are burdened with debt, and
every nation in the world is demanding gold? The Guggenheims, a
great firm of Jewish financiers and bankers, have, for the past ten
years, been quietly but persistently acquiring leases of hydraulic
ground in this province and elsewhere. It is sound business. Gold
is a commodity, and like all other commodities, varies in value in accordance with the laws of production. But unlike other commodities, it always has a market, and further can be coined into money at
will. A crisis or panic does not adversely affect its value, on the
contrary, it increases in value under such circumstances. The time is
rapidly approaching when gold will cease to be used as a standard
of value or medium of exchange, but why not take full advantage of
thc situation while it continues to last? Imagine what Germany
could and would accomplish today with our unusual opportunity?
This has an important bearing upon unemployment, so far as this
.province is concerned. The average crisis is brought about by over-production of commodities. During a crisis we frequently hear it
^asserted that a government should at once give employment to all
these who require it by going into other forms of production. This
of course, would only mean adding fresh fuel to the flames. If overproduction is the cause of a e isis, and it is, more production will but
serve to displace other workers. A government such as ours, cannot
provide for unemployment by carrying out public undertakings, except to a very limited extent. A great number of farmers, for instance, in this province rely upon government road work to enable
them to obtain ready money. There are many other reasons why
governments cannot employ the out-of-work, such as lack of funds,
and one very cogent reason why they should not employ them at all.
Large employors of labor are opposed to it as they require a surplus
tlways at hand.
Suppose, however, these unfortunates arc employed in producing
gold? Then the markets of thc province or of the world are not adversely affected. In fact, no valid reason can be advanced against
this course.
There are many hundreds of square miles of placer ground today
held under lease, to which thc owners have not one vestige of legal
title. The further leasing of any hydraulic placer grounds should be
prohibited, and all titles subject to the closest scrutiny. It seems
madness with this wealth at our door—in our hands—to allow poverty
and distress to afflict us as it does.
Wc have a new country here to develop, railways to build, wagon
road's and trails to be constructed; ,*we require schools, sanitariums
and hospitals, and the thousand and one requirements of civilization,
and have not the wherewithal to procure them. The present method
is to harass the manufacturer by badly adjusted taxation, and grind
the faee of the farmer and the small producer. The proletarian of
this or any other country cannot seriously be taxed. Fortunately or
otherwise, he has nothing to tax!
British Columbia is a great eoal producing country, but somehow
not a gobd country to buy cheap coal in. The operator blames the
labor market, and the wages he has to pay the miner. Thc miner,
in spite of his apparently good wages, is confronted with the high
cost of living, and fails to become wealthy. He further points out
that owing to the "speeding up" methods employed and the power
of the machinery used, he is producing coal as cheaply as elsewhere.
The nationalization of coal mines will eventually prove to bc, to
aome extent at least, a solution of these difficulties, and is universally
demanded by all coal-miners and a large section of the consuming
public. As the present government has under its control large areas
of unalienated coal lands, thero is no reason why it should not forthwith commence operations in a small way.
The various mining acts of this province require careful scrutiny,
and some revision. But thc best acts in the world are ineffective
unless applied honestly and impartially.
LABOR
The aggressive socialist, on thc one hand, and the hopeful reformer
on tke other, who expect to see this suggested policy conclude with a
string of legislative palliatives to cure the ills of the sellers of labor
' power, will both be, for very different reasons, disappointed. The one
agreeably so, the other not. The truth is that just so long as human
beings are compelled to sell their labor power for a price called wages,
just so long will their most serious troubles continue, in spite of all
the legislative nostrums that can be devised and enacted.
It ia an utter impossibility to deal with or discuss with benefit the
labor problem without knowing something about it. Yet the average
politieian or candidate for political honors is prepared to settle the
whole question at a minute's notice, and fiercely resents the suggestion that perhaps he does not understand. It is somewhat complex.
But, be it simple or complex, the worker can rest assured that it
never will be settled until a sufficient number of his class have grasped
at least tho fundamental truths and are powerful enough to insist
that it bc finally dcalth with.
Thc two great troubles of the worker today are, first, that he has
not the right to work, and noxt, that he has no legal ownership or
right in thc value or article that he creates or has produced. If he
had these rights thc labor problem would not exist to afflict a dazed
and battle-scourged world. But he cannot have these rights under
present conditions.
Ca» any of us with truth assert that thc wage-earner under modern
production can obtain these rights, simple and moral ai they unquestionably arc?  If so for the sake of humanity let him state how and
solve this labor problem! The ghastly tragedy that is rending Europe
today, destroying in brief space the lives of millions, arises mainly
from the fact that one of the great producing countries of the world
is desperately fighting to obtain for itself new markets (a place in
the sun) in which to dispose of the unpaid surplus value produced by
its working people. Many people close their eyes to the fact that
capital or capitalism presupposes wage labor. The one cannot function without the other. Many thousand wage-earners do break out
of their class, but the wage-earning class, as a class, must remain. It
is the knowledge of these facts that embitters the enlightened worker
and further makes him impatient of any suggested reforms or palliatives that might ease a little the burden borne by his class.
Now, what do we propose to do in view of these statements that
stridently challenge refutation? Deny the existence of these conditions and endeavor to remedy the labor unrest and discontent by dispensing futile charity, fatuous platitudes, and deceptive political nostrums? It seems to me the wisest and'sanest course to pursue is to
admit the truth and to apply ourselves diligently to abolish as rapidly as possible a system of production that inflicts such hardships, and
proceed to make matters as easy as possible for tho victims in the
interim.
Little ean bo done for the worker under the present conditions ex
cept to protect his life and limb. This implies, amongst other things,
the reduction of thc hours of labor in all industries to a period goner-
ally estimated at eight hours, except in ardous undertakings. This
regulation, it is asserted, would allow thc worker to resume his work
with undiminished strength on tho following day, and at tho same
time would enable the employer to force or extract a sufficient expenditure of labor power from the wage-earners to enable him to
place the product in a competitive market and obtain a profit on the
whole. This must be large enough to pay interest on borrowed or
ordinary capital, repay the wear and tear of machinery, and consumption of other fixed capital, cover the amount of variable capital expended in payment of wages and finally supply a sufficient sum to
satisfy his personal desires in the way of direct reward for his enterprise. Somewhat of an undertaking, is itnot? Wage labor produces
capital for its own exploitation in addition to paying its own wages!
The necessity for government interference in the matter of labor
hours is quite apparent and needs but little explanation. The market
is competitive and the greediest employer sets the pace. If he can
force his wage-earners to work for ten or more hours there can be
no question but that he will do so, regardless of the immediate consequences to them and the ultimate effects upon the nation. Other
employers, all conditions being equal, must follow suit. It is noteworthy that the employer who has himself risen from the ranks is
frequently the worst offender. A reduction of the hours of labor or
any important reform cannot be obtained without some immediate
disadvantages to the worker. The employer must obtain his profit
and has three remedies to resort to. First, a reduction of wages, and
next an intensification of work (speeding), which results ih increased
production, and finally in the introduction of more powerful machinery which results in the reduction of the number of hands required
and increases production also.
He sometimes employs all these methods. But notwithstanding
theso drawbacks it is better that the hours of labor be reduced for
health's sake and in thc interest of progress.
The protection of life and limb theory also implies better sanitary
conditions of life for the worker. Decent living quarters, good wholesome food, intellectual and other relaxation, all of which means a
sufficient wage. A wage is an interesting thing and apt to be deceptive. In all countries it is nicely adjusted to the cost of producing a
worker. That is to say, in all countries of the world the worker just
receives sufficient wage to enable him to live up to the standard of
living established for wage-earners and to reproduce his own species.
For instance, the standard of living in China is very low, and hence,
the wage is very small. In Germany and England it is much higher
and henee the wage, in the United States it is highest and the wages
paid are naturally the highest in the world. But nevertheless the
American workman is the cheapest worker for the reason that he is
thc most productive. Speeding has become a fine art in that country,
and this in conjunction with powerful machinery and labor-saving
devices enables the employer to obtain a profit relatively great.
Wages are, as previously pointed out, deceptive. There is the nominal wage, which means the amount of money the worker receives.
The real wage, whieh means the amount of the necessaries of life the
nominal wage will purchase. Then a wage has a relative value, that
is, its value in relation to the value produced by the recipient. A
worker in a gold mine may be paid ten dollars a day and be producing a hundred or more dollars per day in gold by his labor.
Therefore his wage is nominally large but, in comparison to the value
he produces, it is relatively small. In coal mining he may be paid
three dollars a day and be producing twenty dollars' worth of coal.
In cither of these cases, if he is aware of the fact, he naturally resents it. Henee thc trouble and strikes everywhere in the production
of war ammunition. The manufacturers, owing to the great demand
and limited supply, are making huge fortunes, but refuse to give increased wages. They say they are paying the worker (providing allowance has been made for the increased cost of living) the market
value of his labor power, and what thoy mako is not his business.
Legally, the employer is absolutely right, and moral concepts have
little influence in the modern scheme of wealth production,
The "real wage" aspect of the question is more widespread in its
effects. The worker finds, the world over, that the cost of living is
steadily increasing, and that his four or fivo dollars per day do not
purchase as much food and other necessaries of life as formerly. It
is a serious problem for him. Of courso, if high prices keep up, his
wages must ultimately increase also, unless the standard of living
becomes lower, which, however, is not in accordant c with the tendencies of civilization, except insofar as it compares with thc values
given.  In the meantime the worker is suffering.
A knowledge of these peculiarities must be grasped before dealing
with the question of a minimum wage. If a minimum wage could be
arranged on a sliding scale based on the alternating values of thc
necessaries of life, it might prove of greater benefit to tho worker
than the method established in New Zealand. But, at the best, a
minimum wage cannot give a very satisfactory aid to the workers, as
it is an attempt, by law, to fix the price of a commodity (labor power)
in defiance of all the well-known laws of supply and demand, and
production. In certain dangerous occupations, such as coal mining,
it might prove of benefit by helping to allay undue competition among
the employees. To be effective, it must be a minimum wage that will
enable thc worker to live in some comfort. Taking it as a whole,
reliance must not be placed on it as a solution of thc wage-earners'
difficulties, or even a very beneficial palliative.
Strict regulations, governing all manufacturing, industrial operations, and distributing organizations, must bc established by legislative enactment. All forms of household industries—hotbeds of
sweating—should be abolished. Female inspectors should be employed to look after thc welfare of women employed in departmental
and other stores. All business stores should bc closed, in addition to
thc Sunday holiday, at least one afternoon during the week and,
whenever possible, this should take place on a Saturday. Merchants
in this province protest that this would seriously interfere witb business, and are already organizing against the present law with the
object of having it repealed. Nevertheless, all shops are closed one
afternoon in eaeh week in London, the emporium of the world.
The old-age pension system should at once be introduced and extended to cover all cases of sickness, other than industrial ailments,
and provision made to contribute relief to the unemployed. Government employment agencies should bc established and all private institutions of this nature abolished. Arrangements should be made
with various railway companies to transport workers in search of
employment to various parts of the province, free of charge, and
employers should be compelled to state their requirements.
Strikes and lockouts Bhould be dealt with by provincial enactments.
Thc direct loss to the worker is very considerable and worthy of
serious attention. A provincial enquiry board should be established
consisting of five men, two elected by thc workers, two by the employers and onc appointed by the govornment. These men might be
elected once every five years, and should receive some payment for
thoir services. In case of a threatened strike or lockout, it should bo
their duty to invite the disputants to submit all facts in connection
with the dispute. These should be carefully investigated and should
a strike or lockout actually accur, it would bo the duty of thc board
to submit a report to the government, and to give thc matter full publicity in thc press. The services of the board should also be tendered
to both sides as conciliators or arbitrators. If such a board had been
in existence it is safe to say that the Vancouver Island striko would
s
El
mm
This Is Decision of Public
Service Commission
There
Would Be Inimical to Best
Health oi Community,
Report Says
Officials of tlie Stroet Railwaymen
have received u copy of tho roport of
tlie public sorvico commission in Washington which refuses to permit tho employment of women ns street-car conductors. Tho comlnission held that
street-car pint form-work was too heavy
for women, nnd that tho idea muBt be
dropped in tho interests of public
health and welfare.
An interesting report on the subject
of "one-man curs" has boen receivod
by the local division from International
headquarters.
Pred. C. Hoover, business agent of tho
Vancouver division has been selected
to represent the men at the discussion
with the Workmon's Compensation
board on Saturday on Ihe subject of
flat-rate compensation.
The division has paid ti total in death
and sick benefits, dividod as follows:
Paid by the International to doath
beneficiaries, '$2100; paid by tho local
sick benefit society, $1340; donated to
other local organizations, $335.
Fred C. Hoover has received nn interesting lettor from the front from
Ernest W. Hawley, in which he conveys his thanks for the pnrcels of comforts sont to him. Bro. Hawley says
ho has kept well informed through tho
papers as to the conditions here nnd
expresses his pleasure at seeing that the
mon had got, in thc main, what they
had gono after. Ho is sorry to say
that he ment Bros. Clinton, Blazier and
Hankins all in England wounded, but
We take this opportunity
to announce
that we are now showing
the first display of
Spring Styles in Men's Suits
Hart Schaffner and Marx
—and—
Claman's Canadian Clothes
Under "Om Bight Selling Flan"
—the same old prices—
$18, $20, $25, $30, $35, $40
153 HASTINGS ST.W,
THE OEIQINAL UNION CLOTHING STOBE
expresses the hopo that they will recover. In spite of some proty rough
times, tho boys from Vancouver nro
still going strong, Hawley sayB. Hawley went away with the band and says
the bandsmen took an active part in
tho last big operations, having the good
luck to lose only live bandsmen, who
wore all wounded and who wero doing
woll at the time of writing, Dec. 14.
Attention is drawn to the circular
letter of the Emporium Company, Ltd.,
elsewhere in thiB issuo. The directors
hope to be roady for business at an ear-
ly date, and the sooner this is done tho
sooner will the shareholders be able to
cut out some of the "spread" in prices
between tho producer and consumer.
Rend tho letter carefully, and remember
that already a large number of trade
unionists .have taken stock in the venture. ***
never have occurred, and the serious economic loss to all concerned
would have been averted*, The right to lay down their tools (thc
passive resistance of tlie Nazarene) should not, however, be denied
men by law; there is not any danger of this taking place, however,
as no such law could be enforced.
In coal-mining operations tlie present dangerous and obnoxious
system of "cross shifting" should be prevented and operators compelled to open up tbeir mines so as to employ all meu on onc shift
only. It is useless to embody in this article a string of futile palliatives though all reforms are not altogether palliative. The eight or
six-hour day, for instance, by forcing the introduction by the employer of improved methods and more powerful machinery, revolutionizes industry and hastens the end which is already in sight. The
ordinary reasonable demands put forward by the representatives of
the different trade unions of the provinoe should reooive prompt attention and be embodied where required in legislation at the earliest
possible moment. The policy of humbug and vexatious delay must
be discontinued, as the only effect these tactics have is to convert conservative unions into anarchist institutions.
In conclusion, let me emphasize the fact that, (Jo what and all we
can, thc labor problem can never be solved until the worker secures
the right to work and the full value of his product. This can only be
obtained by the workers owning the means of wealth-production
which they alone operate.
LETTER CARRIERS
L
Last Meeting Dealt)* With
a Number of Items of
Interest
The regular monthly meeting ai the
Letter Carriers' association wag held in
Labor Temple, Friday, Jai. 4. The
meeting was none too well attended.
Bro. L. L. Carl installed the new executive. Bro. Dodd reported on the activities of the Trades and Labor eoucil.
A communication was received trom
the Federated secretary, calling for subscriptions in aid of tho brothers in Halifax, who lost their all in the disaster.
One brother was killed, and several lost
their families and homes. Eaeh member is expected to subscribo liberally.
Bro. Barlow resigned as a delegate to
the Tradea and Labor council, and Bro.
Hungerford was elected in his stead.
Tho election for three delegatee (and
three alternates) to attend the biennial
convention of the association, which
convenes in Hamilton, Ontario, next
fall, created somo interest, and resulted
as follows: Delegates A. Sparrow, L. C.
Carl and F. Knowles; alternates, J.
Cass, M. Buck and~B. Wight, in the
order named.
The meetings are now called to order
at 7:30 p.m. The next one is oi Friday,
Feb. 1. Start the new month in good
Btyle.   It pays. F. K.
Whist Drive and Suae
The Minimum Wage League, which is
fast gaining strength and advocates
who have studied the working conditions of women announce that arrangements have been made to hold a whist
drive and dance at the Labor Temple
on Friday, January 25.
Stanfield's-
Watson's-
Penman's-
THREE trade mark names that
mean a lot in men's underwear
-these three makers are the largest
manufacturers of men's undergarments in Canada-all sold at this
store under the makers' guarantee as well
as our own; in all weights, at all prices-
single garments or combinations. Be prepared for a cold snap—woollens are liable
to advance any day—so it is advisable to
make your purchase now.
$1.25 Garment to $2.50
Arrow and Lang
Super Quality Shirts, in a host of new patterns, all sizes, from
$1.25 to $2.50
\_r__%_%_m
35^47-49 Hajtinqs St Eait.
33 and 4749 HASTINGS EAST
\___m

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