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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 4, 1918

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(*«5!S3r)     $1-60 PER YEAR
j Her Minimum Wage Plank
Is Interesting But Will
She Get Support?
; Working Women Urged to
Attend Meetings of Minimum Wage League
It is interesting to noto that the first
plank in the platform of Mrs. Ralph
Smith, independent candidate for the
Oming bye-elect ion, is that of supporting legislation for a minimum wage for
women. But while interesting, it is
not at all surprising, Mrs. Ralph Smith,
as one of the foremost and energetic
^workers for woman auffrnge during tbo
pnBt twenty years in the provinco of
British Columbin, during that time
urged the need for tho enfranchisement
of women as a means to one such end as
minimum-wage legislation and one
would naturally expect that ns a candidato for tho legislature, sucn would
be the case,
. i As a matter of fact almost thc whole
li of the platform is such ns wns advocated by suffragiBts during the long
campaign for thoir rigitts of citizenahip.
There is, however, need for conaidera-
tion in regard to being in favor of
any kind of legislation as an individual, nnd the enactment of such logiB-
lation by the party in power, the governmont.
It is quite a number of yearB now
since women seeking logislntion peculiar to tho needs of women, realized
Eithat the power of tho voto was noccs-
"sary before success would follow on tho
heels of "most humbly graying" for
isuch, almost at thc same time they realized that tho fact that an individual
member of parliament was poweriess to
obtain the enactment of any legislation unless the government waB at the
back of such a member in the matter.
Thia being bo, tho offorts of the womon
from then on were centered on obtaining tho plonk of woman suffrage in the
platforms of all political parties, and
endeavoring by education of public
opinion to bring sufficient pressure to
bear upon the governmont, no matter
of which pnrty tho govornment might
be composed.
Thereforo, while perhaps tho party
syatem has many evils, -nevertheless,
while such system prevails, it is obso:
lutely necessary that thc effort of nny
group of people any sex or -clasB to
obtain specific legislation be centered
upon the education of public opinion
Rwith a view to bringing pressure to
"bear upon the govornment.
Such being the ease, and it must be
Iconaidored it is so, while Mrs. Ralph
ISmith may be, and no doubt is, absolutely sincere in her stand upon  thc
■question of miuimum-wngo legislation,
■Has an independent candidate, nnd even
Jwhile stating that sho will uphold the
■governmont on all other questions as
Sne of the party, is only pledging hor-
lelf, and not the government, so far as
■ninimum   wnge   is   concerned,   when
elected, will not bo in n position to
Remand tbnt  the leg.'jlative assembly
<ass minim urn-wage legislation. '
i It will be well for thoBe wbo nre
[n favor of wage-earning, self-support
Hag women receiving a living wnge, to
jhink the matter   ovor   before being
fulled into a falao security, by think-
ig that tho election m one member
Io tho legjslntive assembly pledged to
upport minimum-wage legislation, will
.ring it about.
Thoae who are indeed interested in
fhe matter would do won to attend
iw of the meetings of tho Minimum
rngo League, This orgnnizaiion meets
|he firat and third Fridays of the month
the Labor Tomplo, and hns. already
iode  plans  to approach tho  govern
lent   seeking   thc   introduction   and
nactment of a measure along similar
Ines to acts now in force in many of
[ie States and in Australia.
The administration of the minimum
[nge in most states is in the hnnds of
commission, consisting of n represen-
.tive of the employing class, oras ren-
senting tho workers, and a cnam;itm
Iho is supposed.to be unbiased.   This
>mmission has tho fixing of wnges in
Main specific industries, and usually
[)os so only after an exhaustive  enquiry
ito the cost of living in tho particular
Bo   far,  the  results in  such  places
_iero the acts arc in forco bave been
•od, on the whole, mid even if not
'rfect, a beginning has been made and
'tilts cnn bc rectified as the people
ncerned seo the need and have suffi
i*|t initiative to look after their own
■eats, nnd not expect   tho   ruling
llAto do their thinking and leglslat
f^ for thom.
[he Uppermost Wish In His
Mind Is for Success
of Labor
(Business Agent W. F. Ironsides of
local   Structural   Iron   Workers
ion has received a unique "Season's
■ce tings" card.   It is dutod from San
tentin,  Cal, and signed  by  ''J. J.
jNamara."  It reads:
'That 1018 may bring happiness und
)sperity to tho entire membership of
onl No.  150, und that all may be
id with renewed vigor to cope with
many problems that are pressing
solution,  ia  the  sincere   wish   of
tMcNamarn, if guilty at all, wns only
few years ahead of hii time. .What
[is doing* t ue for now*" in Making'
ccs of thousand! of others, being
Jijucteff^nf tmm, oft** rtore tfftpW
lis scale..
This Subject If: s Discussed
at Last flg sting of
Metal k ides
-The fact that <:i tt n cannery com-,
panics have let co « eta for .cannery
launches to Orienting Vas discussed at
the regular mcot'^ of the Metal
Trndes Council Wednesday night and
serious objection to it was registered.
Affiliated unions reported progress on
the subject. This is a question which
will bc thoroughly inquired into and
information obtained aa to the circum-
atanceB undor which Oriontal labor bo-
cured auch work.
It was also reported that several of
the smaller iron works had not como
up with the new wnge scale on December 1 and theso are to be interviewed
on thc subject.
Members of Local 76, P. S.
and P. M. W. Elect
Their Officers
POWELL RIVER, B. C, Doc. 28.—
At lust meeting of Local 70, Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, W. W. James;
vice-president, R. J. Drumniond; recording secretnry and treasurer, W. B. Marquette; financial secrotary, W. J. Cro-
nerj guide, H. Hottenj guard, F. Beaton
Things are moving along here very
nicely, nil contributory conditions being
takon into • consideration. As trade
unionists, wo do not enjoy all thc advantages wliich obtain in tho larger industrinl centres, but at that there is a
lot of camps in this province which
might emulate the example of Powell
River workmen with benefit to themselves.
We ure hoping to be represented at
the coming convention of tho B. C,
Federation of Labor, so that our delegates may return with now ideas, as a
result of meeting so many of tho old-
time and trained students of the movement throughout the province.
Wo nre receiving our Federattonists
o. k. nnd your readers may expect to
hear from us from time to time.
Meeting WUl Be Held to
Determine Whether They
Will Accept Award
Harry Harris,"*an Old-Time
Unionist of Vancouver,
Passed Away
Next Meeting of Local Will
Be  One  of Much
Business Agent Fred. A Hoover received a telegram from Toronto on
Wednesday, announcing tho death of
H. W. Harris, after a lingering illness
of more thnn two yenrs, "Harry"
Harris, ns. he wns familiarly known in
Vancouver, was initiated as a member
of Pioneer Division, No. 101, in April
of 11)08, and served as recording secrotary from July 1, 1000, to June 30. 1011,
and wns an active participant in the
local Labor movement generally. His
demise will be regretted uot only by the
members of the Street Railwny Employees' union, but by n lnrge circle of
trade unionists in British Columbia.
The officers of Pioneer Division have,
on behalf of the membership, wired
messages of condolcnco to the surviving widow, who had nursed and remained with tho deceased from the com-
hienecmont of bis illness in Vancouver.
R. M. Viney, executive member for
North Vancouver, is due for a throe
weeks' visit to the hospital, commencing Snnday, when he will undergo nn
Reports from Pittsburg, Pa., where
an effort iff beiitg made by the traction
company to replace mon with women on
the Btreet car service, show that tho
wages pnid are so low that thc old-time
malo employees will not remain and are
'!voluntarily" leaving to uccopt more
congenial employment, where the working conditions and pay aro more in lino
with old h. c of 1. conditions. Fence
the patriotic cry of the company for
'' conductoroBBess.''
A Pittsburg newspaper says: "The
Pittsburg Railway company's attempt
to exploit women by offering them positions as conductors has fallen as flat as
the proverbial pancake, saya tho National Labor Journal. Thero have been
fow applicants for the position of "con-
ductorcsacB," and' they have been mainly of thc giddy, notoriety-seeking type
of femininity, who think it "just too
cute for anything" to have tbeir pictures in tho newspapers, says this publication."
Business Agent McGrath of the'
Street Cur Men's union of Pittsburg,
says the company there pays tho lowest
wages of any trnctlon company in
Amorica, and last month 135 mon left
tho company's employ.
At tho next meeting of the local, a
committee is to be nppointed to revise
tho bylaws. Thia will be an important
meeting, and a strong committee is de-
fired. The bylawa. have flot bbaa re-
«M for fttKim"yW, ind There
will be majyr imwrtaniajkagei feAlti
.the different conditions under wale!) (he
men are working today. ■■'
Minority Report Disagrees
on the Question of
Wage Decision
The C, P. R. yesterday put into effect
the new time schedule for freight handlers aB laid down in tho report of tho
majority, of the arbitration board, and
dated tho increased wages as awarded
by the majority roport back to December 7. The Freight Handlers' union
will meet at the Labor Temple on Monday and decide whother they will accept tho majority award. The minority
report of Victo'r R. Midgloy, the men's
representative on the board, is published herewith in full, and takes issue with
the hiajority on tho question of wages.
Tho minority report follows:
While ugroeing with the mnjority of
the board that tho demand of tho men
for a reduction of hourB for the yard
office and shed staff is justified, and
agreeing that overtime should-bo paid
for at the rate of time and one-half, I
nm unable to agree with them as to the
rates of pay.
"The majority concede in their roport that 'they muBt in settling a rato
of wago regard the wage-earner's family os consisting of himself, a wife and
three children, that being the standard
of the Labor department,' and they fix
the rato of pay for the shed Btaff at 36
and 37 cents per hour. This will give
the men on the basis of a nine-hour day
a weekly wage of $19.44 and $19.98 respectively.
"The Labor Gazette for the montb of
November, 1917, gives the 'cost per
weok of a family budget of staple
foods, fuel, lighting nnd rent,' which
shows, thnt for a family of five, the
(iverage cost throughout Canada for
food, fuel, light and rent is $18.82 per
week. A table is also given for the
['average cost.of staple foods by provinces,' showing the average eost of staple foods in the province of British Columbia to be higher than in any other
province in Canada. The rate of pay
fixed by the majority of the board us
a (' reasonable living wage" only
leaves a balance over and above thc
cost of food, fuel, light and rent of
sixty-two cents and one dollar and sixteen cents, respectively, to provide for
all the other commodities required to
maintain tho wage-earner and his family in the necessities of life.
"I consider the demand of the men
for a minimum of forty cents per hour
to be reasonable nnd justified by the
present cost of living.
"With reference to thc clerical staff,
while the company refused td participate in thc investigation when the
bearings were taking place, after the
case hud been closed nnd the bourd
was considering the evidence, the company through its representative on the
board, presented a schedule showing nn
increased rate of pay for the clerical
stuff, the revised rates giving most of
the staff an incrense of about fivo dollars per month, while some did not receive any increase.
"Together with othor increases tbat
have boon granted in the interim this
totals approximately fifteen per cent,
increase over the 1914 payroll, ond tbis
I do not consider sufficient to moor the
increased cost of living, which is fully
double the percentage of increase granted.
"Whilo agreeing with the other members of tho board that 'there nre obvious difficulties for n board of this
character to attempt to udjust differen-
tations in rates of pay for different
positions of this kind' stul it tne rates
in effect in 1914 for the office staff were
fair and equitable, then the incrense
granted should be equal to tho increased cost of living, which is, according to tho figures of the Lnbor Gazette, for a typical family, over thirty
por cent, during that time.
"The majority report, in pointing out
that tho minimum rate fixed for men
on a monthly wugo is lower than that
awarded to men working by the hour,
mentions certain benefits that monthly
wngo men enjoy which iu the opinion
of the majority, offsets the lower rato
of pay us compared with the hourly
"These benefits consist of two weeks'
vacation with pay, old-age pension nnd
the prospect of advancement. However, none of these benefits make easier
the difficulties of tho wage-earner who
is awarded in the majority report $78
or $80 per montb to provide bis family
with the necessities of life,
"Two weeks vacation a year is au
important fnctor in maintaining the efficiency of the worker and therefore
works out to the advantage of the employer, while the prospect of obtaining
a pension in twenty or twoiny-flvo
yearB' time, is not of mucn unit fort or
assistance to tho worker who finds it
difficult to obtain tho bare necessities
of life in the immediate present, and
tho advancement to higher-paid positions is, of course, contingent upon
such vacancies as may occur after long
years of servico and satisfactory per
formance of dutios."
Organliation Is in Oood Condition and
* OptimiBtlc for 1918
A» (lie result of the annual election
of officers held by tho Brotherhood of
Paintors, Decorators and Pnporhangcrs,
D. Hushes will bo at tho head of affairs during 1918. For flaanelal secretary tho loul oleetod L. Amos of Burnaby and as recording secretary, G. Q.
Oould. The fprmor officers wore H.
Pith, G«>Vl» H. W«ton ipd D. Tamon.
ion <ras efprwwd that it was Miter
than iho yetr /ust dosed.
:■;,- '■-■■- x"-\ '■'■'•
Unlike Federal Government
at Ottawa U. S. Seeks
Aid of Unions
So marked, is the difference between
the manner in which the United States
government treats organized Labor, ns
compared with the attitude assumed by
thc federal authority at Ottawa, that
it Ib a cause of continual comment. Tho
Ottawa government trioB.in every manner possible to disregard officials of
uni >ns und, apparently, would desire
very much that organized Labor did
not exist. In tho United States tho
government, in tho ovent that it desires skilled labor, goes to the headquarters of such mechanics—their
union. Tho following letter from William H. Johnston, president of the International Association'o'f Machinists,
says volumes regarding the attitudo of
thc civil service commission of tho
United States:
"To business agents and organizers:
Arrangements have been mnde whereby
the U. S. Civil Servico commission furnishes our office with a copy of requests for machinists from thc different
navy yeards and arsenals, asking that
we co-operate with them in securing
the required number of machinists to
meet the demands of tho government."
Prosidont Johnston inclosed a long
list of positions which thc government
desired to fill from tho ranks of organized Labor, recognizing that the
membership of thc orgnnized locals contain tho most skilled labor in the particular branches which they represent.
Nominations  Jan.  IV and
Election Day on
Jan. 24
Campaign Committee Will
Take No Chances on
LADYSMITH, V. I., Jan. 3—(Speciul
to Tho Federationist)—The long-delay
ed bye-election in this riding has at last
been announced', and after the 24th
inst., Jas. H. Hawthornthwaite will re
present tho workers of Newcastlo riding. Nominations take placo on the
17th. There is no certainty aB yot
whother Hawthornthwaite will bo op>
posed or not by either of tho old parties, but it is not unlikely. Hawthornthwaite 's committee is alroady working
overtime. If there is a contest ut all,
thc campaign will bc opened in earnest
after the 17th, when officers of the U.
M. \V. of A. and other unionists of Van
couver will ussist in the election of
Good Attendance and Much
Important Business
About ono hundred and thirty members of Vancouver Typographical union
turned out to the regular monthly meeting held Sunday last. All the officers
were present, and in their places.
It was decided to send one delegate
to tho Northwestern Typographical
Conference convention to bo held nt
Portland, Ore., on Jan. 21. H. L. Corey
and Secretary Neelands nre the delegates oleetod, and In all probability one
of these will attend the session.
II. C. Benson wns named to represent No. 22G at the meeting to bo held
On Monday, Jun. 14, iu Labor Temple,
to consider amendments to the Workmen's Compensntion act, with a view
to obtaining a flat rate of compensation
instead of the present percentage-of-
cnniings bnsis.
W. R. Trotter received the endorsation of the meeting as candidate for
alderman in wnrd three in tho civic
election to bo held next woek. A strong
working-committee composed of J. E.
Wilton, H. L. Corey, J. Rankin, G.
Peebles and R. P. Pettipiece, consented
to act, and are now hard at work in
Mr. Trotter's behalf.
Mr, J. G. McKay is a recent arrival
from Edmonton, and R. C. Fleming, A.
McLean and D. Wood left for acrosB
the line.
McVety Withdraws in Favor
of Gordon J. Kelly of
The Federationlit li on ial« tn
Vanoouver at tbe following news
184 Halting! Street Eut
Foot Granville Street
Corner Baitings and Columbia
. 412 Richards Street
f„CuB; Mi OTAHD, ■   /''
*•».'   Oojfi Cirr»ll'Und Haitian Street
THODirS M1WH »A*t>.   '' "" -
Oor, Itlctaardt and Hutlngi
Kelly and George  Hardy
Nominated for President
-—Other Nominations
Preliminary nominations for officers
of the Trudes and Labor council who
will diroctthat body's affairs for the
ensuing torm wero made last night and
Gordon J. Kelly of tho Longshoremen,
and George H. Hardy of the Carpentera,
were placed in nomination. Further
nominations will be made und the election held next meeting.
J. H. McVoty, a delegate to the council for the past fifteen years and now
serving his tenth term ns president of
that body, was also placed in nomination but said he would withdraw in
favor of Del. Kolly. He referred to
the fact that he" had been very continuously at the head of the council,
and ihe would willingly continue to
servo in somo other capacity.
As well as tho names placed in nomination for the presidency, other nominations wore made as follows:
Vice-president—W. H. Cottrell, Street
Railwaymen*- Hunt, Engineers; Winch,
Longshoremen's Auxiliary; Towler,
Secretary and business agent—Victor
R. Midgley; G. H. Hardy, Carpenters.
Secretary-treasurer—Knowles. Letter
Scrgennt-nt-arms—Harrison, Civic Em
ployees; Pool, Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
Trustees (four to bc elected)—McVety, Machinists; Crawford, Sheet
Motal Workors; Macdonald, Carpenters; Hoover, Street Railwaymen;
Winch, I. L. A.; Marshall, Boiler
Makers; Showier, Teamsters and Chauffeurs; Smith, Carpenters.
The executive committee's recommendation that an application of D.
W. F. Macdonald, candidate for alderman'in ward three, for support of the
council, be filed, was adopted.
Tho call of the B. C. F. of L. for a
convention on Jan. 28 was read.
The following delegates wero elected
to represent the council at. the eonvention of the B. C, F. of L.: President
McVoty and Business Agont Midgley.
Notice of thc annual meeting of the
Labor Temple Company on Jan. 15 nnd
tbo financial report wero read. The
recommendation of tho executive committee was concurred in,
A communication from President Mc
Vety to the attorney-gene'rnl seeking n
meoting with the provincial government to discuss the subject ot wny no
action bud been tuken to open tho
closed towns such ns Britannin and
Anyox, was read, Efforts to make a
date with the government on this subject havo thus fnr failed.
Thc recommendation of tbe executive committee thnt the Proportional
Representation league be censored for
not notifying the trndes council when
it withdrew its P.R. petition, wns not
conejrrod in.
An auditing committee of three, ns
follows, was elected to audit tlie Trades
and Labor council books: Dels. Lofting,
Showier and Grand.
Business Agent Midgley reported that
returns on the general strike referendum were coming in slowly.
The business agent reported that an
extensive strike by Batchers and Meat
Cutters waB in effect in Seattle and P.
Burns & Co. had denied they were send
ing cooked meats from this city to re
lieve the situation there.
Good progress was reported by tlie
various delegates on behalf of their
The council endorsed the efforts of
tho   Machinists and  Boiler  Makers  to
get the city to pay tho scale as paid
i by 05 per cent, df tho motal;trades.
A motion by Del. Helena Gutteridge
that thc socretary write to the school
bonrd nnd urge equal pay for equal
work, was passed nnd efforts will bc
made' to organize iho touchers into
lubor union.
The subject of the council supporting Wt H. Trotter ns alderman for wnrd
three wus brought Up, und G. II. Hardy
moved timt the council favor Trotter.
Del. Showier drew attention to the fnct
that Mr. Trotter was supporting Mnyor
McBenth, who wns iu favor of stool
pigeons, whicli was taken to indicate
thnt Trotter also favored sucb tactics.
Several delegntcs were of tho opinion
that as Mr. Trotter was a good union
man, he should have the council's Blip*
port. A motion in support of Mr. Trotter wus curried.
The following delegntcs were obligated:
I. L, A. Auxiliary—W. J. Gillespie,
N. Lambert, C. Steon, C, Whittnker, J.
H. Whyte, H. Wigman, E. Winch; Letter Carriers—Fred Knowles, D. J. McCarthy, R. Wight, N. Barlow, J. J.
Dodd; Plasterers—A Henry, .1. Williamson; Street Railwaymen—F. C.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, J. Hubble, R.
Clark, A. V. Lofting, E. T. Kermode,
J. Price; Cignr Mnkers—A. P. Tiet-
zen, W. R, Smith, F. Swartz, J. Walters; Musicians—A. J. Malncord, E. .1.
Dennis; Paintors—H, Grand, R. Stevenson, W. Holme, J. Wilson; Pilo
Drivers—T, Enright, E. Carlson, E.
Hawkes, E. Home; TeamBters nnd
Chauffeurs—P. Haslett, W. Burgess.
Victoria Unions Give Their
Promise of Being Well
VICTORIA, Jan'. 3.—A good deal of
interest in being manifested by Capital City trade unionists ih tho 1916
convontion of tho B. O. Federation of
Labor, to convene at Vancouver on
Jan. 28. At last night's meeting of
tho control labor body, Delegates Peel
and Dakers were elected to lupresent
the council.
Victoria Typo, union has again withdrawn from the Trades and Labor
council, evidently because tho majority
of the delegates differ with its delegates' point of view politically, but allegedly because the council was opposed to conscription. Practically every
member of the Typo, union being a politician himself, it is only natural that
in the aggregate "they should be opposed to the introduction of "politics
iu the union."
Vancouver Business Agents
Threaten to Organize a
Union of Their Own
Speaking of agitators 'n everything:
The Federationist Labor Templo representative, in making his usual rounds
yesterday noted an animated discussion
going on in the first-floor corridors. He
hastened to tbe scene, in anxious nn-
ticipation of n "story." Closer scrutiny, however, revealed u number of
well-known business agents discussing
tho advisability of forming a union of
themselves. This with a view to asking for a reduction in- working hourB
from 16 to 14, with one night at home
per weok, and most ontragcous of all,
an increnso in pay. It wus even hinted
that if The Fed. would agree to the
demands tho jurisdiction of the new
organization might bc extended to
Labor-paper editors, with certain restrictions. Under the circumstances
this family journal of the fireBide is
heartily in favor of the movement,
even though every last business ngent
in tho Labor Temple loses his job the
moment such an absurdity is suggested
in any of tlie local unions.
Question Will Be Put Up
to Local Unionists
Next Month
Several Members of Clerical
Staff Receive Their
All Active Members of the
Newly-Organized Retail
Clerks' Local
Whether through design or otherwise,
the fact remains thut tho four of five
clerks discharged at Spencer's departmental store are active members of thc
Retail Clerks' local, ami the mutter is
to be looked into with a view to ascertaining just where the management of
this well-known stun* stands with regard 'o orgnnized lnbor. One of the
discharged clerks had been in the cm-
ploy of th|0 store for tho pnst seven
Prom reports rocelvod, llie reason
glvoi) by tho management for letting
these- men on! was that it wns necessary
j In reduce the clerical staff. Anothor report mus to the effect that objection
was taken to clerka displaying tlieir
union button.
Chris Spencer, lii'iul of the linn in this
city, roturned to Vancouvor only a fow
days ngo, and tlie matter of tlio ilis
churgo Of the clerks inul oilier questions as regards organ)iidd lnbor. will
be taken up direct with him. Mr. Spencer lias always been considered a very
fnir man in his doalings with the employees of this big store. It is thought
the discharge of tho men is through
somo misunderstanding somewhere.
AU Members of Labor Movement Are
Asked to Demand Button Be Shown
One of the most attractive union buttons in the city, and one which will be
easily recognized, is tho monthly button of tho Teamsters & Chauffeurs, It
is nbout the size of u half-dollar, and
tho officers of the local ask othor members of the orgnnized labor movement
to demand that those making deliveries
to thoir homes display this button.
Nor Is B. C. Rain Wet I
Oh yes, it fs cold; but it's a dry cold,
you don't feci it, you know.—Winnipeg
Voice. "
Election of Officers
On Tuesday, Jan. 8, thc Butchers &
Meat Cutters will elect new officers.
Other business of importance will also
come before the meeting. At presont
there nre 2,'I5 members of the local,
all in good standing.
Sign More Cafes
Secretary Mackenzie of the Cooks.
Waiters & Waitresses, reports tho local
is in healthy condition, the entire membership being employed. Two Inoro
houses were signed up during thc week.
The most important enfos of the city
aro now employing union holp, MacLeod's cafe is still on tbe unfair list.
Uncle Sam's Freedom of the Press
NOME, Alaska, Dec. 31.—Earl Rogers, editor of tho Nome Industrial
Worker, and the Ave members of the
editorial bourd of the publication which
it owned by the Miners' union, were
Arrested yesterday on a chargo of publishing seditious articles in tho Worker.
Rogers formerly lived in Scatllo and
Taeoma.—Daily Province, Dec. 31,
Shareholders Will Hold an
Important Meeting on
Tuesday, Jan. 15
A?TKB a compulsory marking-
time period of some two years
the directors of Vancouver Labor
Temple Co., Ltd., have decided to
make a move, deeming the time
opportune and thc redemption of
the Labor Tqmple from the hands
of the receiver possible.. Wartime conditions had made sueh inroads into the ranks of local organized Labor that an earlier
move was thought by the directors to be inexpedient. But the
situation at present is such that
some definite programme seems
With this object in, view a meeting
of the directors was called for last
Monday evening. Every resident director was present, including Joseph Byron, Fred. A. Hoover, Street Railway
Employees; Jas. Campbell, Carpenters;
Geo. Wilby, Typos.; H. H. Free, Electricians; Miss Helena Gutteridge,
TailorBj J, H. McVety, Machinists, secretary; R. P. Pettipiece, Trades and
Labor Council, present. Fred. T. Blumberg, Engineers, is away on active service; Wm. j. Nagle, Painters, is now
a resident of Taeoma, and J. W. Wilkinson has resigned.
Discuss Auditors' Beport
After a thorough discussion of the
auditors' report and the situation generally, it was decided by the directors
to call a shareholders' meeting for
Tuesday evening, Jan. 15.
Meantime Secretary-treasurer He- >
Vety was instructed to visit Beattle
for the purpose of finding out. how ths
trade unionists tbere arranged to assess
every member 41 per month each for
the purpose of raising money with
which to build a ne-,- labor temple, and.
also to seek such other information as
might assist tho directors in mnking
recommendations to the coming shareholders ' meeting.
Directors to Meet Agsin Jan. 18 ,-•■'"
. »2*0.^|mt4M&£ffiU^«seet < again p^tor
day evetJMJm* Ig, wkut, tb. report
of tM'tsmfipy wifrbe eonlitfernf and
one or two recommendations to the
shareholders' meeting framed for presentation.
Suggest Levying an Assessment
The opinion haB been expressed by at
least some of thc present directors that
a referendum should be submitted to
the members of orgnnized Labor, putting the case up to them squarely sad
fairly und asking for a straight assessment of $1 per month from each member of every affiliated' union, for a
period of three months. This would
raise in tho neighborhood of *25,Q00,
nn ample amount to liquidate the outstanding delinquencies of the company
and place it in a position to pay its
own way thereafter.
Opportune Tims for Action
Because of the rapid increase in membership of the local trade union movement during tho post yenr, due in large
mensure to the new shipbuilding and
kindred industries, coupled with the
general increase ia Greater Vancouvor
payrolls during the same period, the
reven.ie of the Labor Tomplo has been
almost doubled. In fact, it is reaching
a point where it cun bc made self-
sustaining, if the morhbors of organized
Labor would consent to the levying of
an assessment for a short time of n
nominal amount each, tho shares to bo
allotted to either tne individuals or to
the unions, as each may decide. The
nbiount rinsed in this manner would,
after all the necessary precautions for
the protection of the new shareholders
had, boon tnken, be used to pay off out-
stunding tuxes, nrroarages in intcroBt,
due to the fulling off in revenue duo
to wnr conditions.
United uction anil u little "pep" on
the part of the incoming directorate,
combined with the backing of the membership, will put tho Lnbor Templo
whore it belongs—the undisputed property of Vancouvor trade unionists, At
nny rate :i definite stop towards that
end will lie made during the next two
months. The membership will hnve to
decide for themselves what they intend
to do ubqut it.
Disorderly House Alleged to Have Been
Running Two Tears
A serious chargo against Mayor McBeath was placed beforo the Central
Ratepayers' association on Wednesday
night, by A. M. Gibson, who alleged
thnt ho laid a complaint before the
mayor regarding the management of tho
Stanley rooms ou Pender and Burrard,
which wns being run ns a disorderly
house. Mr. Gibson said tho mayor told
him there wus not sufficient ovidenco
ngninst thc place to warrnnt police action. Gibson, howover, caused a successful civil action ngninst tho place
and succeeded, by tbo evidence of detectives, thnt it was a disorderly place, In
recovering monoy ho had paid to purchase the place, thinking it was a respectable house.
Tho detectives' evidence showed.that
they had repeatedly raided the place.
Yet it was not closed *jp. "I claim,"
said Mr. Gibson, "the mayor has beort
remiss in his duty in not seeing that
the place wns closed up, and in allowing
it to go on for two years." PAGE TWO
..January i, 191
1B. C.
fibUibad every Friday morning by tho B. 0.
FedfnUoniflt, Limited
ft. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
ment of human slavery. It cannot exist
except in connection therewith. It is
purely traffic in the plunder taken from
slaves. The slaves must bo held in enforced produetion in ordor to provide
tho wherewith to trade. No part of tho
world lives by trude. The slave part of
it dies by inches in order to keep it
going. Even masters themselveB do not
livo by it, although it affords them
means of disposing of that part of tho
plunder taken from thoir slaves, which
they cannot themselves consume. That
is whut they trade on. That is what
they soil in tho world market ior just
what they ga-vo the slaves for produc
REPRESENTATIVES j ing it, and that is nothing.   It all goes
gew Weitminoter w. Yates, Box 1021  oat on credit, and is never paid for, for
Prtoce Rupert 8. D. Macdonald, Box 268 \ tbe  very simple  reason  that  there  is
jLWells, Box 1638 | m,vcr unything to pay with except pro
mises, and that is tbo sort of payment
that nover squares any indebtedness.
Tho accumulation of this debt—and
that iB all there is to the accumulation
of woalth wo hear so much nbout—
merely fuactions as a means of enabling
tbe holding class to maintain their grip
upon tbe wealth producing class—tbe
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Soy. 7497K
Befceeriptlon: $1.50 per year; fn Vancouver
City, $2.00; to anions subscribing
in   a  body,   $1.00.
"Unltj of Labor:  tbe Hope of tbe World"
FRIDAY Jununry 4, 1018
rpHK FEDERATIONIST la8 not | Zm^A keep Sri, 12m oZntZ
JL been altogether satisfied with the j at the grindstone of clnss rule ond ra-
„, !' T""^'","1 m?de °y »»• pl«o. And now we hnve it officially,
Zritv ' "C",°!"1 "."'0rS hieh in »"■ that it. is for the noble purpose of per
tlionty, in regard to the purely nltruis* | pehmting tho sort of democrncy that
tic motives and lofty expresses itself in trade and tho strug*
purposes animating Ric for markets, that wc are wagiag
thei belligerents, upon | glorious war upon the bloodv Holds of
either   side   in   thc  Europe.   Well, nt nnv rate, it removes
. ■    .      ,   . g"-at blood ond mur
der feat being pulled off by a world 's
ruling class and strictly in accord with
tho morals and othics of thc ruling
class code. So numerous uro thc professions of material disintercdncss and so
loudly and frequently is it proclaimed j
and protested, that no more unworthy
purposo is responsible for the slaughter
Ikon    4*1,..!    -C   j 1. .. 1    ...  i .    . ".
the necessity of swallowing any moro
piffle about it being thc war for moral,
ethical and spiritual uplift. And that's
some comfort, at least.
gather all data relating to thc subject,
from, the greatest democrncy on earth, the
United Stntes of*"
Amorica. In so doing, one cnn make
no mistake, for it is well known that
not only is that country, by its own
WHEN IT COMES down to thc
mntter of sizing up democracy
for the purpose of ascertaining
the real meaning of the term, as it is
Utt of the race, that The Federationist | commonly uaod> \* « q<"{j» /"P" *°
feels that the spokesmen, apologistsand  "" "
interpreters of ruling class purpose, do,
at timos, appear to '' protest too
much." The more frequently and vociferously they "protest," tho stronger
becomes the suspicion, that there may
boroasons not altogether altruistic an'd
spiritual, that possibly are not entirely i , _■ .    •
without influence in prompting the bias-1''0" , ,0"' the, £reatost democracy on
tors of slaves in the belligoFent coun- f^1' bu,t U lms freoly offercd itfio!f
tries to contribute those slaves with a immolation upon the altar of sacri-
fovieh recklessness to the noble cause (ke' "l ordor thut the worId maf **>
they have at heart. And to feel that T''■ 8fu° ?r S.* _*}._? .°f dcmocra!l>,
this brutal massacre of human beines « ,1S tho breoth °,f, ,fo !" thc n08tnIs
•-  *-"-•"-  __i....ii     i -, P    of that great  republic. By thus going
to the fountain head of pure democrncy
for our information in regard to that
cult or philosophy of lifo, we shall
make no mistake. Wc will get the
facts nnd having got tbem, ought to
be able to arrive at correct conclusions.
*        * *
During thc recent "drive" for the
sale of "Liberty Bonds," the colum
Of tho daily, weekly and monthly press
wore used profusely for the purpose of
setting forth the desirability of the
aforesaid bonds, as an investment.
Strong appeals were mnde, especially to
those of limited moans, to loosen the
purse strings of their fortunes and get
in on tho ground floor of easy money
the   gctting-in   was   good.    Of
is being relentlessly pursued, not for
the lofty purposo of the moral, ethical
and spiritual uplift of mankind, but for
some purpose that is quito the opposite,
that is, in fact, low, vulgar and grossly
material, is to suffer such a depression
of spirits that all fuith in the words of
rulers and their stntcsmeu will eventually bo lost and the poor pessimistic
mortal bo loft to the tender mercies of
his own poor reasoning faculties for
guidance to the truth and the light.
*        *        «.
The Federationist has fought against
the growing suspicion   that   the   loud
professions  of devotion to democracy
and human liberty, continually fulling
from the lips of tho   politicians   and
spokesmen of the ruling class, possess a
hollow nnd brassy Bound. But it confesses itsolf compelled to now give up
the fight.    Wc  surrender.    And   thot
which has forced the surrender conies
to us through official channels.   Being
official wo dnro not refuse to nccept it,
for by so doing wc would most certainly bo open to the just accusation of
being both seditions and pro-Gorman.
H«Q4e wo .accept the dose, hoi us bolus.
Here It is.   r
iet all hither
v, henceforth uu
VThe otoa
tho foreij
wag  iM
the iv?...
firat   ii in
nf   fonilpi.'iw
department of i  ...
^'Prom  the beginning of the
time ot our entrance into it," continues Mr.
Caller, "tho business of thc American manufacturer and exporter wan to mako the most
of aew opportunities in tho markets of nonbelligerent countries, to tnke wise and need-
ful atepa In preparation of trade after the
war, snd to sell munitions and supplies to
tho belligerent!.
Change in Perspective
"These were legitimate activities. They
were vital to tho industrial life of the nation, Bnt when we entered the war tbe perspective changed. Trade with our war associates assumed a new, a different, a much
greater significance In oar eyes. It became
primarily a means of winning the wur rather
than of winning profits. It became a link
between the greatest storehouse in the world
aad the European nations with whom wo had
eaat onr lot in the world struggle.
"Onr attitude toward the markets in nonbelligerent countries has also changed aB a
matter of course. Trade with them must
now be conducted with a careful and patriotic deference to the successful prosecution
of the war. Preparations that we make to bold
oar place In those markets and to expand
oar opporunities must be made for the time
being with strict reference to policies whtch
govern our political relations. However, it
la confidently expected that our trade witb
Soath America, the Par East, South Africa,
and with Australia will not be too seriously
Interfered with, and that we may reap in
the future the benefits of having cultivated
those markets so assiduously and intelligent-. iiny such weakness up to date.
Ir daring the past few years.
"Important as it is that we hold our own, * * *
fStftf-. Srtf Am S^" I    ♦250,000,000,000 of wealth in a conn-
:Jr»mVUreoI,'^'rw0.r',l!ffi".!y."<' "l** ■* 110.0nn*000 ■w°""'< I™'!"10""
# | about ^2500 per person or $12,500 per
, ' ,   T  .   . ,      ,       Ifamilv.    An income of $50,000,000,000
Now that is official.  It ib taken from  pQr wou,d moan $m p(,r p(ir80n or
*'Tho Official Bulletin," of Wednesday, | $2250 per family. That is it would
December 19, 1917. Thc Bulletin is monn as horo stated, if such woalth and
of tho' iiK-omr wns equally distributed among
1 the people of that country. But when
it is realized thnt it is solely the work
course this advertising was paid for, no
doubt ut liberal rates, and that probably accounts for the carrying of such
matter even by labor and alleged socialist papers, without any attempt
upon thoir part to draw a moral or
adorn a tale from the copious fund of
enlightening information often carried
by it. It sometimes doth appenr that
Labor and socinlist papers arc quite as
dense and lacking in perspicuity, us arc
t he si atosmon, politicians, financiers,
spellbinders nnd press of capitalism. It
docs, for &> fact.
*  .     * #
No longer ngo than last November,
§i1u'n> appeared in thc columns of a
front Lnbor journal of thc United
tates, the official organ of ono of the
largest bodies of organized slavos on
this continent, what was evidently a
paid boost for "Liberty Bonds," which
contained amongst other exceedingly
rich stuff, the following: "The United
States faces thc common foe with a
conservatively estimated wealth of
$250,000,000,000 and an annual income
of $50,000,000,000 to back up the fight
for the freodom and liberty of the
world." Now it would almost seem as
though the veriest dub who bad loitered
around tbe labor movement long enough
to have copped off tho exceedingly fnt
job of presiding over the edttorinl sanctum of n great Labor journal, might
have been able to draw a few conclusions from such a statement of wealth
and income, thnt might have been of
some slight value to its readers, especially in view of the fact thnt it is a safe
bet that thc aforesaid readers do not
average a yearly incomo of $500 per
year, and have to work like hell to get
even that. But if thc editor of tho
aforesaid g. 1. j. was able to draw any
such conclusions he has not disclosed
under which such a financial stunt as
that is made possible. Also what the
world is to be mado safe for in the
event of the triumph of that democracy.
And a little work with a lead pencil
will disclose what that sort of domocracy costs tho patriotic and docilo slave
of capitalist industry per annum, in the
greatest of republics, in tbis glorious
age when autocracy is recoiving its
death thrust and "freedom and liberty" aro conquering the earth. But
whatover it costs it is, no doubt, cheap
enough to satisfy the soul of the slave
who is still too stupid to recognize his
slavery and has just intelligence onough
to be a patriot, both in industry and at
the cannon's mouth. And the tribe of
sucb still numbers millions.
published  by  the government
United States, nt Washington, D. C.   It. t_ ■ „\,Jv„,„.l *,
is issued daily, except Sunday. It is
tht) official voico of tho "World's greatest Democracy." From the very bo-
ginning of the war, "thc business of
tho American manufacturer and exporter woo to make the most of now opportunities in thc markets of non-belligerent countries, to tako wiso and needful
steps in preparation for trade nftor the
war, and to soil munitions and supplies
to the bolligeront." And "important
as it is that wo hold our own advantage
in theso nnd other markots, wo must
not lose sight of tho fact that all such
advantages arc likely to disappear if
wo do not como out of thc war victoriously." Good Btuff that. A plain
statement of fact, ond a fact that can
be grasped, by any one who possesses n
grain of understanding of tho animating principles and motives of the ruling
Class world, oither as thoy exist now or
evor did exist nt any stage of its history. It is just a cold, sordid, brutal
bit of business in tbe great scheme of
trimming slavos out of tbat which they
produce nnd disposing of the plunder
In a manner that is profitably satisfactory to thc rulers and masters. The
feeding of millions of slaves into the
shambles of death and mutilation, is
but a passing incident. It may seem,
to weak-stomached folk, like nn unpleasant and perhaps quite disgusting pro-
cess, but to the real democrat of the
ruling class type it is just as legitimate
a part of tbo process of coining slaves
into profit, to sot those slnves to butchering themselves in order to acquire the
market requisite to carry out tho
scheme, as it would bo to apply manure
to a field to increase its fertility.
*    •   *        *'
ing class—the slaves of capital—tbnt
Constitutes the "wealth" that is mens*
,irod by tho fabulous figures given by
i nur authority, nnd that nil of the "incomo" referred to is produced solely
by those enslaved workers, it becomes
i a mystery why capitalist spokesmen
can bo so blind to tbe significance of
the figures given, and bo intensely stupid as to publish them brondcast
throughout thc Innd. It is also a mystery bow any oditorial pundit possessed
nf thc necessary mental equipment to
prompt him to hoist an umbrolla whon
out in a rainstorm, could havo Btioh significant figures staring him in tho face
from his own editorial pages, without
evon a hint of their significance penetrating his occiput.
# * *
Tho slaves of any given country arc
worth 250 billion dollars, because they
can produce a revenue of 50 billions.
And that is all there is to the fabulous
tale of woalth thnt is told, cither for
tbe purpose of tickling the ears of the
members of the plundorbund, or for
thot of borrowing nickels from the impecunious slaves themselves. As tho
slaves that constitute thc "wealth"
that masters brng about, and that produce the "income" that causes their
very mouths to water, cannot number
moro than one-third of the totnl population, it may bo readily seen, from thc
figures given, what exceedingly great
value is attached to the hide and carcase of the modern slave. And wben wc
remember that, thc nvernge wage of thi
slave in tho United Stntes is less than
$500 por year, and thc "income" produced by them amounts to $50,000,000,
And wbat is trade, anyway?   It is j ood, we ought to bo nblc to upproeiatr
unthinkable  except  as an  accompani-  thc virtuo of thc brand of democracy
THB RELATIONSHIP existing between the capitalist and thc wage-
worker   today   is   exactly   that
wliich has always prevailed between thc
master and the slave, since the institution     of     slavery
WHY NOT raised   its   hideous
GALL A head    among     the
SPADE A 8PADE780U8 of mon. Tho
change of outward
garb, from chattel to serf, from serf to
wage-earner, has not altered the osscn-
tinl character and purpose of slavery.
The slave has always toiled for his
master and has never received any
greater consideration, if as great, as
tho master has given bis horse or his
dog. Thc slavo hus never been accorded tho treatment duo a man, for tho
simple reason thnt it is impossible. A
slave is not a man. Ho must bc stripped of the attributes of manhood in
order to make him a slave. His condi
tion of slavery is the complete denial
of all manhood. His'status in the society of which he is a pnrt, is not and
ennnot bo the status of a man, for a
slave is property and manhood is not
an attribute of property. Tho only
purposo and function of property is to
bring comfort, ir,. the shape of sustenance or revenue to its owner, without
the expenditure of energy upon hi:
part It becomes purely a moans of
getting food, clothing, and other crca
ture comfort for "nothing. Thc chief
atrlbute of manhood is thut of being
self-sustaining. Man feeds, clothes and
otherwise materially provides for himself. He neither provides for others,
nor allows others to provide for him.
Neither masters nor slaves are men.
Creatures they arc, to bo sure, but by
virtuo of the fact that the former lives
upon the later and thc latter furnishes
the sustenance for both, puts thom in a
category of thoir own, and outside
the pale of all other living things. They
become creatures that arc outlawed by
tho code of living that is universally
acknowledged und followed by all other
There is no other family of living
things'that has mndo such nn inglorious
failure of living as this human family.
For the Inst ton thousand years, nt
least, its life has been a continual hell
upon earth. With the poison of slavery
ia its veins this great human family
lias been in one continual orgy and
nightmare of crime, vice, corruption,
vulgarity, obscenity, slaughter, devastation, bloated wealth on one band nnd
squalid poverty on tho otber, until this
hideous crime of slnvery has culminated in a horror that threatens to be
thc suicide of the entire civilization
that is builded upon such absurd and
stupendous folly. The facts are all
plainly before us. Tf we hnvo eyes with
which to sec und enrs with which to
hear we cannot well escape these facts,
nor misinterpret their moaning. For
instance, wc cannot get away frota tbe
fact of human slavery. That it
truly exists todny, ns it ever did nt
any timo in humnn history before,
thundered in our ears by every wail
of poverty and distress thnt arises from
"warrens of the poor;" by tho ribald
jest and the "drunken laughter of obscene and vulgar wealth; by the factory nimble and the smelter fumes;
nnd last but by no means least, by the
roar of cannon and tho rattle of musketry upon the deadly field of battle,
and by the groans and shrieks of tho
mangled nnd dying. Does this come
from any thing but human slavery?
Could such horror and such vulgarity,
such misery and ngony, be traced to
any other source? Is not every vice,
crime, horror, sin, misery nnd1 wickedness, and against which all that is good
and worthy in hitman society cries out
in abhorrence and protest, traceable directly to human slavery, the foul mother of all the lesser evils and noxious
ills that afflict mankind?
It will require but a cursory exam
ination of the facts to lead us to these
conclusions. An examination of tho
facts can load us nowhere else. And
if such should prove to be tho case,
thea why should we mince matters?
Why should we not call a spade a
spade? Why should wc refer to the
slave aifc anything else but a slavo?
Why should'we'pretend that ho is a
mnn when thc fact is that ho is nothing
but proporty; nothing but a convenience
to be used by its owner as he may see
fit? Why cnll the master n capitalist, or a foremost citizen? Why
not call him a slave owner and
be dono with it? Why should we
be so mealy-mouthed as to bc forever
prattling, about "democracy," and
"liborty" and "justice," in the face
of the facts thnt absolutely preclude
and deny all of these bontitudes und
dVenmed-about fantasies? If we know
anything at all we must realize that
none of theso beautiful dreams can
possibly come true so long aB tho humnn
family is divided into the two disgusting, vulgar, and criminal gangs of
masters and slaves. In thc face of
such a situation there can be neither
decency or seemly conduct. There can
be only those evils and the unseemly
behavior that slavery breeds. And that
is what we arc getting now so copiously nnd gloriously upon thc bloody fields
of Europe, thut cauldron of hell into
which the rulers and statesmen (?) of
this slavo world nppcnr to be resolved
lo wash out their slave civilization in
its own bloody bath. Let us call
slavery slavery, masters masters, slavos
slavos, and a spailo a spade. What's
the ue of boing mealy-niouthed nbout
it?   Let us no longer bo hypocritesl
THE  LONDON Daily Mail is,  no
doubt, a great journal.   It hns a
far greater circulation tban The
Federatlonist and is much more widely
quoted.    Presumably its editorial sanctum is ndorned with
HOW tho   keenest   intel-
OERMANYISTO loots that good
BE PUNISHED Northcliffe money
can purchase, and
'hat probably accounts for tho ponder-
■us profundity of its editorial pronouncements. Of course whnt these
^reat journals say in all solemnity,
ihould not be impudently scoffed at by
ibald upstarts whoso lack of intelloc-
uni qualifications render them unable
o properly appreciute thc gems of
thought that are freely vouchsafed
hem through  these journalistic chan
nels. But somo of these upstarts do
scoff and frequently evon raucously
jeer at the attempts mado by high-salaried editorial pundits, to cover up
their lack of perspicacity, by a profuse
indulgence in ponderous pronouncements, usually about something of
which thoy know nothing. And Btill
much of that which has been really intended by the editorial manufacturer
to pass muster as wisdom, turns out to
bo rare hutoor, onco it is subjected to
the X-ray of close analysis.
* #        *
Thc Daily Mail is quoted, quito gleefully, by tho prostitute pross of this
end of the world, as being heartily in
favor of placing a "fifty-years' boycott" upon German trade and shipping,
by the Allies. Acording to the Mail
this would mean "a sentence of commercial ruin and annihilation that
would shatter every vestige of Gorman
finance, shipping and manufactures."
Now would not tbat be snd?* Woll, the
editorial pundit that penned it evidently intended it fn bo a veritable humdinger of a wallop. A sort of a solar
plexus tbat would cause thc German
people to immediately cry, "Kumer-
adel Kamcrnde!" nnd beg for mercy.
But the more wc look at it the more
it appears to bc a message of hopo to
thc Gorman people, rather than a
threat of evil and a menace of ill-intent. Perhaps it might be the vory bost
thing that could possibly bo dono for
the Germnn people, if such a throat
wero renlly transformed into nn actual
* #        *
In the (irst place no people cun justify their occupancy of any territory
in which they cannot food, clothe, shelter and otherwise innke themsolvos comfortable. And all of these things the
German people can quite easily do within their own territory, if their enslavement and robbery by their ruling clnss
is brought, to an end. The commercial
structure of Germany, which the Mail
would'see destroyed by a boycott upon
the pnrt of the Allies, is nothing but
the capitalist structure of infamy that
hns been builded upon the enslavement
and torture of tho German working people. Neither the Germans nor any
other pooplo live by trade and cota-
merce. These are adjuncts to tho game
of human slavery. They come out of
it. They are a part of it. For onc
part of the world (the Allies) to destroy the superstructure of capitalist
slavery in Germany, by the measures
proposed or nny other, only means that
thc German peoplo will be forced to
chuck their overlords bag and baggage,
and so organize thoir productive powors
and resources as to admit of their feeding, clothing and otherwise providing
for themselves,' without longer being
compelled to surrender the weulth they
produce, to build up the commerce nnd
trad of a brutal and worthless ruling
class. And the people of Germany or
any other land can provide themselves
with many titaes the comforts tbey now
enjoy and do it in less than half thc
timo now required, once thoy have
sense onough to throw their ruling
class off their backs, on thoir own account, or a boycott upon thc part of
othor countries kills tho worthless
struct uro of commerce, finance nnd
* * *
And another thing tbat might bc
worth mentioning is that there would
no longer be the necessity of frequent
indulgence in sucb glorious and uplifting spectacles of blood and slaughter
as that with which the capitalist world
is now being regaled. Once tbe robbery
of slaves is ended and the structure of
world magnificence in trade, finance,
commerce, govornment and such ruling
class splurge, has been swept from the
boards, a civilization that is at least
based upon decency may be give a
chanco to express itself.' And for that
renson Tho Federationist is also in
favor of a rigorous boycott against not
only thc trade nnd commerco of Germany but of all the rest of the world
as well. But we prefer that the boycott be declared'by the slaves of all
countries alike. We know full well
that the ruling clnss.of the world will
not. knowingly destroy its own procious
right to rule and rob. If tbe Daily
Mail had a grain of horse sense it
would know better than to advise any
one section of that delectable class to
knife any other section, either by boycott or otherwise. Thc capitalist censorship of the press is evidently directed, nt present, into wrong channels.
and spectacular reactionary ass in the
land, from Roosevelt down to Gompers
and his "intellectual" socialist colleagues— Spargo, Stokes, Walling, and
the mighty Charles Edward .Russell.
Also fatty Taft. Hyland, the Tammany
candidate, was classified by the Mit-
chollitos, as being in "league with the
kaiser." Bennett was tbe straight republican candidate. Thc reason why
the result of the soldiers' vote has not
been heralded throughout tho world by
the capitalist press iB not clear, unless
it bo for the very laudable purpose of
keeping thc cheering news from the
'' kaisor,''
In driblets here and there bits of
information leak past the beneficent
censorship established by our owners
and masters over us in ordor that we
may not, oither wilfully and .maliciously or inadvertently and carlessly, give
military and naval information to tho
enomy. Now and again a word comes
through throwing n littlo light upon
what is going on in countries with
which wo are not at war, in regard to
matters that our bcnovolent censorship
hns evidently been determined to keep
us in ignorance of, doubtless for our
own good. Last August or September
thero was troublo on in Spain. Tho
consnrship wns immediately tightonod
and no details of the trouble wero allowed to come through. It now leaks out
thnt one of the incidents of that particular time was tho organization, by Socialist Deputies, of 1500 striking workmon who invaded tho parliament, laid
down their demands in regard to hours
of labor and the wage increase required,
I and then stood grimly by and refused
to allow any taombor to leavo the house
until the bill legalizing theso concessions was duly passed, signed, sealed
I and dcliverod to the master builders
and the public works department. Tho
Spanish soldiors can no longor bo relied upon by tho capitalists to hold thc
industrial slaves in subjection.
Thc Fedorationist has frequently
suggested thnt death by starvation will
be the portion of half of the so-called
civilized world if this glorious European war is to continue anothor throe
yoars. Forty thousand tons of oats
and corn havo just been released by the
United States authorities for shipment
to the starving people of Finland. Tho
Finns havo been forced face to face
with starvation owing to the fact that
$12,000,000 worth of grain which hnd
been bought in Russia and paid for,
had beon seized' by tho starving Russian peoplo, bofore the trains reacliod
tho Finnish border. And the grain thus
released to save the starving FinnB, is
almost as bndly needed by tho people
of France, England and the othor countries of Europe that are actively engaged in tho glorious struggle Another
three years of ruling-class statesmanship and wisdom, and working-clasB ignorance and ox-like servility, and wholo
nations will be depopulated by thc hand
of starvation. And the ono comfort is
that tho conscienceless and brutal ruling class of both sides to the miserable
controversy will perish along with their
docile and stupid slaves. Thc robbers
and tbo robbed, the rulers und the
ruled, will go down together. And it
is eminently fitting that it should bo
so, Neither a master nor a slnvo can
bc properly classed as "a thing of
beauty and a joy forever." They arc
nuisances, both.
A poculiar situation is said to have
arisen in Britain in regard to theological students. Thc Archbishop of York
(dear, useful man) says that for yoars
to come after the war, thc clergy will
have to be recruited from the army.
Why not fill the pulpits entirely with
those who have been crippled and maimed in this eminently christian struggle?
And ns an especially firing tribute to
the virtue of theological establishment,
the Archbishoprics might be reserved
for those returned warriors who have I
been gassed. j
It has been suggested that the star- J
vation  threatening thc population  of I
Finland has been brought nbout by the !
fact of the country's industries having \
boen turned exclusively to the production of war munitions for the Russian
govornment, payment  being taade   in
worthless paper roubles.   There may bo
something in thut, but does it not look
ns though  thnt  which made the Russian  paper rouble worthless  will  also
result in developing the same virtue in
tho paper currency of nil other countries?   Too many promises to pay inevitably lands the promisor in bankruptcy.    See tho point?   Sure thing.
In thc United States, up to Dec. 13,
thero had been ginned during thc yoar
1917, 10,142,858 bales of cotton. Just
what tho total crop for the year will
be is not yet stntod. Tho amount ginned—as given above—is equivalent to
about 45 pounds for each mnn, woman
and child in thc republic. In viow of
this it would not appear to be unreasonable to expect that each and every one
of thom should at loast have the second
shirt to their backs. But it ia a safe
bot that these expectations will not be
met, in tho caso of many millions of
them. The requirements of trado, commerco and profits will attend to that.
It should never bo forgotten that cotton, liko everything else, is not produced for use, but for sale. That Ib
the only wny that proflt can bo realized under this glorious capitalist
Word has at last como through by
slow freight tbat the soldiers' vote in
thc recent Now York city olection, wns
ns follows: Total voto cast, 28,889; for
Mitchell, 6,228; for Hylan, 15,772; for
Hillquit (socialist), 3,717, and for Bennett, 3,222. Mitchell was the "win-
by all
The financial skies are evidently
brightening. The beneficent benms of
prosperity appear to lie penetrating
even unto the dark places, that were
formerly illuminated by tho rays of
sweet charity alone. At least it looks
that way hero in Vancouver. Saturday, Doc. 15, was sot aside as a tag-
day for tho benefit of impecunious
army chaplnins whom both the state
and divino providence bad apparently
loft in a shorn and shivering condition.
And let it be proclaimed from the
housetops, let it be emblazoned upon
thc outer wall, let it bo heralded
throughout the earth, that there has
not beon a singlo tagdny held in this
great metropolis since. .With thc rescue of itapecunious nrmy parsons from
thc grim clutch of tho penury that, no
doubt, '' cribbed, cabined and coil-
fned" their noble rage against thc
devil; abbrcviatel their power to for-
fend thc wilos and wickedness of his
Hun counterpart upon earth; emasculated their efforts to frustrate, by prayer, the knavish tricks of the enemies
$60,000 Stock of Men's High-
grade Clothes and Furnishings
to be sold at
Many lines of Shirts, Underwear, Gloves, Soz, Sweater
Coats, Hate, etc., selling at less
than wholesale prices, See
Friday morning papers for full
Sale Starts
Arnold &
546 GraaviU* §t
Birks' Diamond
Engagement Rings
at $25, $30, $35, $40, $45, $50 and up
Owing to special facilities in buying, tho elimination of
middlemen's profits, and our guarantee that they are the
highest qaality procurable, there is no greater value in
Canada today than ia found in   BIRKS'   DIAMONDS.
Lot us show you our fine range of Diamond Rings.
Geo. B. Trorey, MftivDir, aranville Street
of their king, and must hhvo lessened
their zoal in doaling out solace and soporifics to tho tender lambs ontruBted
to thoir loving care, it seeniB that the
last poor, harried victim of poverty
has boon placod upon tbo rock of safety
and the chnrity-mongors aro out of a
job. No moro tagdays; no more buttonholing and shameless soliciting upon
tho streets. That is a much nearer approach to an ideal heaven, than ever
Tho Fedorationist oxpectod to soe realized in Vancouver, But, como to think
of it, thoro aro othor Saturdays to follow ond tho celebration of the passing
of Btreot-boggary had better bo postponed until wo arc sure as to tho pasB-
SUNDAY, Jan. G—Moving Picture Oporators, Bartenders,
Saw Filers Association.
MONDAY, Jan. 7—Machinists
No. 720, Boiler Mnkers, Steam
Engineers, Electrical Workors,
Tailors, Stroot Railwaymen's
Executive, IT. B. Carpenters
No. 617.
TUESDAY, Jan. 8—Pressmen,
Barbers, Butchers and. Meat
Cutters, Amal. 'Carpenters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9—Street
Raihvaymon, Metal Trades
Council, Sterootypors, Teams-
and ChnufTcurs, Cigar MakorB.
THURSDAY, Jan. 10—Painters,
Shoot Metal Workers, Shipwrights and Calukors, Machinists No. 182.
FRIDAY, Jan. 11— Warehousemen, Machinists' Joint Meeting, Mill and Factory Workors,
Shipyard Laborers, Plumbers,
Pile Drivers and Wooden
New   and   second-hand   stoves
bought, sold and exchanged.
Winter weather doos not inenn thnt
you have no interconrKe with friends.
Tlio t deplume is rich I nt hand to
ennhle you tu tulk with them ot nny
Whether they live noar or far dis-
timet- does not count. It is as eaay
to telephone 100 miles as it is 1 mile.
Telephoning is simply tnlking—you
know how easy thnt is!
Whonovor you think of your friends
Refined Service
One Block west of Court Houae.
Uae of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 8486
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
I. Elwsrd Sun     ones: Ssy. 4141
Barriiteri, Solicitor*, Conrerancen, Etc.
Vlctorit tnd Vanconver
vaneonver Offlce: 516-7 Roger* Bldg.
Assets 173,000,000
DepositB  64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings asd Cambie Sts,
TheBanltof British North America
ElUbUlh.d 11 use
Brtnchei  throughout  Ointds and  at
  Saving! Dflptrtment
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash In any old oorner where it is
in danger from burglars or tre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether yonr account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposit!.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Bastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up  $ 12,911,000
Beserve Funds  ....... . .    14,324,000
Total Assets   287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 101
are west of Winnipeg.
Mount —Otm mftkft deootlti
_______r, •»!»• fi-rtty-, in-
Ififii. ., -
(Bi Taaewncx
Otty. 00-00 I
$1.50 PER YEAR
There is no sense in going around feeling seedy beeause
of poor or missing teeth and the ailments which are
caused on that account.
New Teeth Will Brace You Up
Dr. Lowe replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that in
many instances will do the work as well and look better
than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, valuo considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
Opposite Woodward's Big Store
108 Hastings St. W.    (Oor. Abbott)    Phone Sey. 5444
This Poplin is high-
grade but low-priced
This is thc old pre-war quality, and wo arc still selling it at
the old price. It comes in shades of nigger, wine, navy Russian, Copenhagen, rose, pink, pearl, battleship grey, reseda,
green, tan, emerald, black and white; it is 36 inches wide, and
is worth to $1.75 a yard. Al   Aft
Our special *P 1 .tTO
SABA BROS., Limited
The hat yon want, the color you like, the size you need
= YOU'IX flnd it niiy time you call
storo thut covers the entire HAT
*•' DERBIES  83.00 to $8.00
CAPS*  11.00 to 88.60
Richardson & Potts Ltd.
417 OranviUe St. Near Oor. Hsstings
January Sale
We are placing on sale many odd lines in Clothing,
Hats, Shirts, etc.
Many lines in our Boys' Department at greatly reduced prices. Watch our ads. in the daily press,' and
our windows.
The Emporium Co., Limited
614 Bower Bldg.
Phone Sey. 3223
543 GranvUle Street
Vancouver, B. C.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for oae jreir'a anbioriptton to The B.
O. Federationitt, will be mailed to tny ad-
dreik In Canada for 910. (Oood anywhere
outalde of Vaneonver elty.) Order ten today.   Remit when aold.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox'Pea
(Try our Vet Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
JQMIlhii li*
macdonaid-Marpole Co.
Hughes Makes a Raid on the
Queensland State
Crooked  Propaganda  and
Brute Force Failed to
Carry Conscription
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
SYDNEY, N. S. VV., Dec. 3.—(8pecTal
to Tho Federationist.)—I urn Bunding
you thia in ordor to throw a littlo -light
upon tho bitterest campaign evor fought
in Australia, We, on the auti-conscrip-
tionist sido, wor-e hopelessly gagged uud
threatened with dire pains aud penalties if we put full steam ahoad in tho
matter. It is really a wonder that wo
succeeded iu escaping the strong hand
of tho law until the light was ended.
The lust' referendum campaign was
bad enough, inasmuch as it thoroughly
arojsed tho passions of the people, but
it was nothing to this light. I have
never seen the people so thoroughly
aroused, and that probably accounts for
tho defeat of the scheme by such a
handsome majority.. We were all
rather pessimistic as to the result, for
wo fully realized that we, were up
against it good and proper.
We wore prevented from putting the
case properly to tho poople, for reasons
that I am not permitted to stato here.
The very questions that were asked the
and distributed throughbut Brisbane—
for tho first time in Australia. Then
the Queensland government posted
polico on the premises and defied the
Hughes military to take aetion. Up
till tbe time of writing tbe matter remains at that—a deadlock having been
reached. Of course the old constitutionalists—even though they are con-
scriptionistH—could not bo brought
round to 'suypporting Hughes in this
action, because thoy realize that, abovo
all, statos have some rights which
should remain inviolate.
It is not too much to say that the
uction of Hughos in this matter lost
the conscriptionist sido thousands of
votes, and it may bo that this latest
blunder of Hughes lost t'ti«m tho conscription fight. For one thing (owing
to the fact t that Byan is a Boman Catholic) it swung the entire Boman Catholic voto iu bohind the anti-conscription
side. Thon again the Sinn Fein movement is mnking marvellous headway,
from whut I can hoar from various people, and being led by a brilliant Archbishop, also swung in bohind tho anti-
Ryu it, of Queensland, who has now
become the big man of Australia on
our sido, is drawing adhoronts to his
side by tho thousands. The night following the seizure of the state "Hansard" in Brisbane—I am assured in a
fiross wire I have just received—tho
argest mooting over held in Queensland attended to hear Byan and ho received an ovation the like of which has
never boen known in Australia before.
Contrast this with Hughes, who after
addrossing a meeting, had to escape by
tho back door of the hall protected by
police, while his car was sent round
to tho front door in order to sidetrack
Hughes was forced to make it plain
to the people that if the conscription
proposals were defeated, he would resign and go out ol oftiee and hand the
administration over to the Labor Party
—"to lose the war," as he put it to
the peoplo in order to swing thoir votes
to conscription and savo his hide. And
this much is certain, that if he does aB
he promised, A'uBtralia Will be well rid
peoplo were an outrage and an insult   -; <■     (i.   -      . .,        ,    „„i
8, Lr intol^e. Usad of bein J »   * P,°''?'»___f ™"'l_£ Z
uaked if they wero in favor of conscription, they were asked if they were "iu
favor of reinforcing the Australian
forces abroad under the government's
proposals or not!" Atpmoetings instead
of the people being asked whether they
were in favor of conscription or nyt,
Buch questions as these were asked:
"Hands up all in favor of sending help
to the boya in the trenches," and
"Hands up all those in favor of letting
the boys die in the trenches.". Every
low-down and dirty trick was resorted
to iu order gain the desired end.
To combat the efforts of the conscriptionists, we published snocial issues of
the Labor papers here. The Australian
Worker run throe editions weekly instead of one as before the fight. Othor
states also had effective publicity bureaus at work. It required the biggest
effort we had over put up in order to
win, and now that we have beaten conscription for the aeoond time, and far
more emphatically than we boat it on
tbe first occasion, we feel that Australia
has much to be thankful for.
.Regulations had been issued promising severe pains and penalties to uny
one telling .even one lie or making a
single false statement. Even if a writer
"or speaker made a statement believing
it in accord wMk tha faot, he was to
come under this ban. • Authority was
givon td entbr and seize presses printing
any newspaper publishinfl*such statements, and other equally'drastic and
arbitrary lawB were in effect. <tft was
difficult to realize that wo were living
in democratic Australia whon we found
such autocratic and barbarous restrictions placed in our way.
But towards the ond of November,
things came to a head in the stae of
Queensland. This is the only state in
Australia at tho present time with a
Labor governmont. Following on the
harsh censorship, the pretaaior of
Queensland, T. f. Byan, moved a motion of protest in the Queensland state
parliament against the federal .government 'unduly censoring a speech mado
by him at a public meeting. A vigorous
dobato took placo over it. It appears
that in turn the censors gave orders
that Byau's speech waB not to bo allowed publicity in the Quoenslnnd Hansard, but the Queensland governmont
printer refused to take notice of this.
Whou tho Hansard was run off and
roady for distribution, tho military descended on the govornment printing office in Brisbane nnd seized all copies,
That was on November 26 last. Immediately this was done, tho Queensland
govorninont eallod u cabinet meeting,
and decided that tho information should
be communicated to tho poople, and so
n gazette extraordinary was published
are tlie Expert Testomony
of careful Tailoring—England and Canada contribute
the cloth—expert specialized tailoring the garment—
and there is no greed for
ofit in the price in the
pocket.   .
Military Officer Refuses to
Longer Take Part in
the Struggle
turpitude has caused more aching heartfl
and sorry homes than the. antics of any
othor petty despot that Australia has
oven known.
Just as I nm closing this dispatch,
word ronchos me that at Warwick
(Queensland) Hughes was attempting
to address a meeting from the railway
ear, wfien a large mob caused a riot, in
which Hughos was physically assaulted.
The Queensland polico oiirbeing called
to take the men in charge who assaulted Hughes, rofuBed point blank to do
so, stating that they took no orders
from him and only recognized the law
and nuthority of tho state of Queensland. Evontually Hughes escaped in
the truifl to New So,ith Wales, with a
litle shedding of blood for his country.
The whole countryside was thrown into
a fever of oxcitemont, portentious, evidently, of the big things that were to
happen at the polls later on. During
these Btirring times the premier of
Queensland,? T. J. Byan, fearing personal attack by Hughes' orderB, was
heavily guarded by his own police.
There are many interesting things
happening in connection with tho great
atrugglo of a world democracy againat
the pitiful remnant of autocracy that
still Burvivos in mid-Europe. Yes, indeed.
Declares It Is Now a War
of Aggression and
British "Hansard," (July 30) states
that Corporal Lees Smith, M.P., called
tho attention of parliament to the case
of Second Lieutenant Sasscon, of the
Boyal Welsh Fusiliers, a young man
who has served in France and been
awarded the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry and haB had recognition
of his commanding officer for distinguished servico 'in the field. He has
now decided that ho can no longer fight
in the present war and has forwarded
the following letter to his commanding
' 'I am waking thia atatement aa in act of
wilful defiance uf military authority, because
I believe that tbe war in boing duUbotatciy.
prolonged by those who have the power to
end it. I am a soldier, convinced that 1 am
acting on behalf of uoldieru. I believo that
this war, upon which I entered at a war of
defence and liberation, hu now become a
war of aggression aad conquest. I believe
thri. the purposes for whioh I and my fellow
soldiers entered upon this war should' have
been so clearly stated as to have made it
impossible to change them, and that, bad this
been done, tbe objects which actuated us
would now be attained by negotiation. I
have seen and endured the sufferings of the
troops, and I can no longer be a party to
prolonging those Bufferings for ends whioh I
believe to be evil and unjust. I am not protesting against the conduct of the war, but
against the political errors and insincerities
for which the fighting men are being sacrificed. On' behalf of those who are suffering
now, I make this protest agalnat the deception which has been practised upon them;
also I believe that It may help to destroy the
callous complacence with which the majority
of those at home regard the continuance of
agonies which they do not sharp and which
they have not sufficient Imagination to
Mr. Macpherson, in replying to Corporal Lees Smith, appeared to think the
young man is suffering from shell shock
as certain medical boards appear to
have sent him to hospital; but those
who know him appear to think he is
quite as sane and in aB good health now
as over he was.—Maorilnnd Worker.
Ladyware's January Sale of
Suits and Coats
The sensation of the New Year.
Every Coat and Suit cut down to a
profit-disappearing point.
Here's an example J!f Ladyware
$50 to $75 Ladies'Coat
Your Choice
Handsome High-class Garments in
Velours, Pom Pom Cloths, Bolivian etc.
Other lines reduced in proportion.
Opp. Drysdale's
In  Their   Unchangeability
Lies "Safety First"
for Rulers
[By Ellis 0. Jones]
Blessed iB that optimistic couservu-
tivo who believes that American human
naturo and German human nature and
British human nature aro different from
Bussian human nature aud other humun
natures; for any ono su believing cun
still retain a blissful equanimity umid
tho world chaos and the revolutionary
manifestations that confront the close
observer on every hand.
Jn ordor that the capitalists and tho
autocrats and tho militarists of thc different countries may view thu future
with serenity they must bolievo that
tho people of their respective countries
will not react to tho same stimuli that
actuated those revolutionary children
of tho lato czar. They must assume
that Americans und Germans and British and the rest will onduro forever
without coinpluint the oppressions of
the monopolists who havo obtained control of tho necessaries of life and exact
outrageous proilts; that they will uevcr
roach tho limit of endurance in the suppression of froo speech and free pros.-*;
that thoy will always look with favor
jpon tho oncrouchments of autocracy,
provided it happens to bo in thoir own
respective countries; that they will
novor rebol ugniust the hollow swaggering pretentions of the militarists who
nover brought anything into tho world
but misory uud1 destruction; that thoy
will novor porceivo thnt tho land-owning and cupitulist class, instead of being helpful in forwarding tho world's
progress, aro really parasitical hindrances, dogs in the industrial manger,
living from tho toil of the workors.
It must bo very comforting to any
American capitalist and politician wbo
can believe that tho respectable, well-
behaved masses will go on forever submitting to the deception and the bri*
gundage that are being practiced upon
them so completely and bo diligently,
that their respect for the capitalist system and for capitalist "law and order"
and for capitalist traditions is so deep-
seated that nothing oould possibly induce them to abrogate those conventions
no mattor how abjoct their political and
economic condition may becomo.
So believing, lot us ''carry on." Belying implicitly on tho meekness of tho
American commonality, lot ub koep
right on raising railroad rates, raising
prices on ull commodities, nupprossing
all freodom of thought and expression,
spending unraonsured quantities of our
natural resources nnd tho product of
our toil for purposes of destruction;
talking food n'id other commodities
which aro sorely needed to feed and
clothe worthy mon and women at homo
,d sending thom abroad. So boliev-
i signs,**!-*] por-
nt\,w the so-
kf {■ this coun-
[By Rev. Charles Stelale]
John Flske, who was neither a churchman
nor a theologian hut one of the foremost
scientific investigators, said of religion:
"Nono can deny that it is the largest and
most ubiquitous fact connected with the existence uf mankind upon the earth.
Man is incurably religious and his religion
expresses itsolf lu many ways. This, in a
moasuro, accounts for the variety of religious
denominations. But rollgion is life. It is
not iiiuriufacturod by priests and ministurs;
It is born in the hearts of men. Lifo produces organisms. There is no life' anywhoro
without organisation. The inorganic Js the
Hume men say: "I believe in religion but
1 don't believe in the church." You cannot have roal religion without organization;
not necessarily the form of organization
which we find in the church today, but some
kind of organization must result from- religion. True religion is a social foroe, No
man can ho religious alone. There must
bo relationship to Qod and to man. The
church is man's expression of his religious
life and instincts. It Ib the organization
which he has formed to permit him to servo
bost; for truo religion means service.
It should nevor be forgotten, in a discussion with regard to the church, tbat man's
greatest nood is spiritual and that the church
is the organisation which has been created
to satisfy this neod. This, of itsolf, justifies the existence of the church.
But the success of tho church Is no indicated by Its great woalth, its onormous membership, its splendid form of worship; for,
after all, religion cannot be an end in itself.
The church, in order to make good, must
direct religion bo that it will bo of social
value. It is tho business of the church to
save not itself but the world.
Ot procious globo.    Ot pearl of price,
01 quite incomparable flavor,
Thore Is no need to ask me twice
When I inhale your gracious savor.
Let tradesmen swell their awful bills,
Unless  thoy bid uie do without you,
Whom I so  worship  that  It  flills
My oyos with tears to think about you.
—London Evening Nows.
try unless wo can chango human naturo.
We in ust chango tho American human
naturo to mako it like tho Hussion human naturo, but that oan nover be. Almost any editor or mngazino writer
knows thnt.
but it's the samo roliablo Coffoe
only it is put up in a sanitary,
doublo-Hnod, weather-proof bag,
Mislead of a tin container.
Wo nro suving tho tin for tho
Allies and tho extra ten cents it
costs is a saving to you—honce
40 cents Ib. instoud of 50 conts.
Ask your grocer to grind it
for you, and if Empross Coffoo
inn't satisfactory ho will give
you Bnck your money.
At All 1.Hiding Grocers
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply of household drugs aud standard remedied
in your Jiouse.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use day
or night—you oan take prompt action in ease of illness or injury. And a little attention when the first symptom develops
often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See us. We oarry a full line of drugs and proprietary medicines, and offer them at the lowest pricei.
Vancouver • Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hutlngs St. W. Phones Bay. 1966 ti 1966
7 Hustings Street West Seymour S6S2 j*
782 OranviUe Street Seymour 7013   _.
2714 OranviUe Street Bay. 2314 A 17440
412 Main Street Soymour 8SS2
1700 Commercial Drive High. 8S6 ft ,v;s.')0
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Samo prises and servico a.
our over our counter.  Address 407 Hastings Street West.
No man can do his work well in shoes that "hurt."
Our Comfort Shoes will work wonders for your foot
Easy foot-form lasts, made from soft, pliable leathers that "wear."
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Getting Cheaper
Every Day
Yes, the street-car ride is cheaper.
The Nickel has shrunk in value with the
increase in prices.
The prices of food, olothing, fuel, etc., have increased 60% in the last
few years.
The price of the
street-car ride has
remained unchanged.
Can you name a single other commodity
that has not advanced in price?
At the same time, the cost oi the streetcar ride has been going up. Materials used
in street-car service have gone up since 1914
78 per Cent
The nickel no longer pays for your streetcar ride. You are getting the street-car
ride below cost.
..January 4, 1918
300 PAIRS MEN'S $8.00 to $10.00 SAMPLE BOOTS, $6.96
A grand chance for men who take 0\_, 7 anil 1% sizes to caeapi. paying the war-time price of shoes.
These Shoes come up to your most sanguine expectations. They ure
high grade; all made with genuine Uoodyear welted soIob, with uppers
of the very bust selected stock, modelled ou the newest lasts.
Lathers include gunmetal, vici, patent uud tan calfskin.
This is thc best acjf of samples we have hud und nq_ man who takes
the sizes mentioned should miss this opportunity. Regular $8.00 to $10
values.    Sale prico $5.95
.MEN'S BAINCOATS $8.75, REGULAR $15.00 TO $17.60
A rare opportunity to get a good, serviceable Kuincoat at a barguin.
We guarantee every eoat in tfcis offering tu give complete satisfaction.
They uro fall length euats in tlie popular groy twoed finish; two patterns.
Sizes 30 to 40.   Sale price $8.75
MEN'S $2.00 AND $2.50 HATS FOR $1.65
A rounding up of surplus -hon und broken lines from oui1 rcgulur
stocks. Hats of ull styles nnd colors in this eolluelioii. All tlie up-to-
date shapes are represented. A rare choico fur uny man to get a bargain.
Sizes 0 5-H to 7%.
A collection of odd sizes uf these three well-sponsored makes, including
all sizes and weights in union wools, pure wools and silk and wool mixture, grey and white. Prices ranging from $1.50 to $5.00 a suit, und
every suit a bargain at the marked price.
These are in heavy ehumbray and English Oxfords in a big assortment
of stripes. All durable, well-mude garments, cut over generous put terns.
Moat stores usk $1.00 or more for gurnieuts of eqnu) merit.
'93 ABOB Coffee is packed by the vacuum process, which
keeps in all its' fragrance, freshness and flavor.
There is no other coffee quite se good.
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
As aa old-time resident of Bxtmiby be knows values and every inch
of the district.
Agent Equitnble Fire and Marine Inaurance Company
Baal Estate, Conveyancing,   Insurance,   Appraiser,   Estates  Managed
I have the best exclusive listings in Burnaby.   Oood buys for cash, in
lots, houses and acreage.   All olose to car line.
Phone Ool. MX
P.O. Box 7
      itSXMr  -
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymour 8488
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
it Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are tpewed and bottled by anion workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
■ •*•■■,•( ■
Letter to Peter Pickup
Editor li. 0. Fodcrallonlst and Mr. Poler
Pickup: I enjoyed all your lottor excopt the
early Victorian, .slum at lln- ond about potti-
coats. You have no roason to blamo petticoats for thu result of tho election unloss
you have jiint not the habit of making woman
tho Hcapogoat.
Ramember the old lady who onjuyed tho
earthquake ho much because it wan tho first
thing in twenty years that her husband did
not blame her for. And I have mot husbands
who would havo blamed their wives for that
too just on general principles. Since the
days of Eve, who was not overburdened with
skirts, men are always shielding themselves
behind some petticoat, like the Uermaus in
this war putting women and children in
front of their soldiors. Thoy get the liltbit
when they are small and cling to thoir
mothers' skirts, and thoy novor outgrow it.
lt was not petticoats that won the election,
it was cat's paws carefully selected. The
women who could bo made to vote Unionist
wore given thu vote, and the other women
who might he doubtful weru given no chanco
to express themselves at all, yet you' describe
tbem all by the sweeping term petticoats. 1
du not blame the women who wore made cat's
paws of. Those who have relatives at tho
front are driven nearly insane with grief and
anxiety, and when they were told that a vote
for the Unionist wujdri help their boys, and
a VOto ngainst Would mean their death, of
course Ihey took no chances. They were
Blatlipudod* as it was well-known they would
bo, To take advantage »f thom in that way
was, as The Fedorationist would say, "as
easy as taking candy from a rickety kid,"
and just as despicable. Vou say petticoats
and aprons. What aprons'! Bishops, aprons
or butchers') or bakers or barbers or bartenders) It seems all tho aprons wero well represented In the election. Once more tbo
sovereign people has spoken, nnd thu voice
of the people is the voice of Ood I
'Pile women did not confuse tho issuos in
tbis election any moro than the mon do who
havo voted so long. I heard a man say that
if Laurler got in there would bo no more
English spuken, but wo would all speafc
French ana German. In that case he should
hnve voted for Laurier as it would be a
much easier and cheaper way of acquiring
languages than the old method. Anothor man
said Laurler nevor dared take any step with-
out asking tbe pope's permission first.
■*- Al tho timo of the suffrage referendum, n
man came to town to vote against it. Ho
said naturo-meant woman to ho weak aud
lean on man. Tho man should be master and
drive the woman on a tight rein, like he did
>a horse, because it gave the woman confidence-* just like It did the horse to feel n firm
hnnd on the rein. Ho said ho was shocked
to aeo girls playing games in the schoolyards just like boys and growing atrong contrary to the laws of nature. He said It was
this abnormal strength developed hy the women that was responsible for the outbreak of
infantile pa+alysls in New York. Thnt outbreak of diseaso was the protest of outraged
nature. He finished by saying he was not
married (which was very evident), but if ho
were, lie would keep his wife in her place I
That man had voted for years, but he considered that womon were not fit to voto. I
never mot a woman elector quite so confused as that, did you!
Also it seems to me if the working men s
wives and families voted wrong in this election the working man is to blame for not explaining things to thom. And, by the byo,
where was the working man at election time!
Are there any working mon In B. O.t
No mnt ter I Whatever goes wrong it Is always in ordor td« blame the woman, as did
that dishonest gardener, our forefather
Adani, who, of course, was not to blame for
whnt could you expect of a man who had no
grandfather! There were some early Victorian customs which wo might have retained
with advantage, but cheap sneers at women
is not one of them. Dear Peter, had you not
a mother; nearly everyono had! And as to
petticoats, Chinese women and Turkish women wear trousers, and white women wear
overalls and knickors, while Highlanders and
Greeks, and tho Roman soldierB also fought
In petticoats.
As to the near beer to which yon refer so
feelingly. It is'deadly. Sevoral people have
died from attempting to drink enough to collect out the amount of alcohol they were
used to, and before they were satisfied they
became water-logged and sank.
Ninon de L'Enclos said her Bonp intoxicated her. A cup of good strong soup is
quite a stimulant, or would he if one could
got beef to make it of. A war-time recipe
for a delicate bullion is a cup of hot water
with some celery in It. Ab a delicacy, It Is
all that thoy claim and more, hut I doubt if
even Ninon could have got much enthusiasm
out of it. ,   .
I hope that during tho storms of th© coming year you may flnd some petticoats to
clhig to. o-ven if tt is only the "skirts of
chance."    Yours truly,    SALLY p0RTH_
Wool Over Eyes of Psalm-singers
Editor B. C. Federationist: It Ib doubtful
If in the history of the city thoro has been
such universal gambling going on os at pre-
-  -nd „.,   .. ,   ...
Mayor McBeath, who, as executive head of
the city, and the "commander-in-chief" of
the polico department, will be charged with
permitting this, furthermore, probably never
before In this city's history has the 'town
buen so largely infested with women and
their male companions as at present, and
all during the two years' regime of Mayor
Howover, in the face of this, thoro are a
lot of people, just ot present givhig thoir, support to tlie mayor for his third term campaign, whose eyes are covered with wool or
who deliberately refuse to see what an unbiased eye  can seo half closed.
But Mayor McBeath is not lacking In
nerve. He has tho otVrontery to tell tho peoplo that 'various mysterious forces of the underworld are "after" him. One's friends
ure never "after" him in the sense which*
the mayor desirus to convey. Tho underworld is gutting by with litttlu molestation,
and js spreading all over the city. So far as
there hns been any evidence tho city, undor
the administration of .Mayor McBoath, lias
made no effort lo clean up tlie underworld.
These nre facts which any of tho element
backing the mayor's campaign know full
well, or, if they do not know it, they ought
to got out and acquaint themselves with the
fads for their own good and the good of the
A few weeks agoi Rov, A, E. Cooke, a local
preacher, took a sightseeing .tour on his own
book, and preached a sermon which some
of bis pious brethren no doubt were willing
to boliove was a pipe-dream. Rev. Mr, Cooke
found gambling running nlmost wldoopen,
and gamblers unmolested. Nor did they appear to fear molestation, Thc only trouble
with Rov. Mr. Cooke's journey was it' did
not go deep enough, or he would have uncovered a whole lut more startling Information for his congregation, many members of
wliich no doubt nro inclined to believe the
buncombe published iu the daily press by
Mayor McBenth who would appear in the
light of a saintly person much abused.
The prohibitionists, too, might be interested to know that under the administration of
the mnn who clnims to have tbeir endorsation, but who has only the endorsement of
the executive of the prohibitionists, a drink
or whiskey is not at all as hard to get in
this city ns many, who do uot attempt to
ascertain the facts, mny believe.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Street
619 Hastings Street West
Not-a-Seed Retains,   It  lie
Sunmald Raisins, 2  lbs „  250
Orange and Lemon Peel, It)  36c
Shelled Almonds,   It)  B00
Shelled Walnuts, !b -  65o
Dessocated Cocnenut,   Tb  800
Larue Prunes,   Ib  ISo
Canadian Cheese,  in. SOo
Mlnee Meat, 2 lbs. for  25c
Finest No. 1 Alberta Butter, 2  lbs.
for    05e
Alberta Special Butter. 8  lba. $1.46
Finest Pure lard, 2 lbs. for   SSo
Slater's Tea,  Ib  SOo
131 Hastings Bt. East    Bey. 3269
830 Of anville St.      Bey. 868
3814 Main Strset.    Fair. 1683
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine dreamy Latter
and Does Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In British Colombia
Reply to Peter Pickup
Editor B. C?Federationist: I notice In the
Dec. 21 Issue of the Fed. a letter from some
individual who, In spite .of sundry cracks
over the head (presumably by British, not
Gorman, policemen) and "forty years fighting," takes the position that the war must
be "won" and who has "sweated body and
brain for  'the cause.' "
It would scfcu that the issues of the dny
are not looked* at by this gentleman through
work ing-class spectacles. A comrade of Eni-
iiillfne Pankhurst, Mrs. Despard—and on
speaking tonus with Oeo. Wyndham, seems
more likely to have bourgeoiso tendencies
(ban proletarian, This js bourne out by
the rabid hatred of toryism shown in the
titles, a peculiar trait of a member.of the
"Great Liberal Party"—a party, by the
way, that (ought, tooth and nail,^gainst
every act that has been introduced in tho
British parliament aiming at restricting Industrial exploitation.
The Federationist is a working-man's
paper, so P.#. evidently thinks that the ideas
expressed In his letter have* educational
valuo to the workers.
I fear he is mistaken, not so> much because it is so naively contradictory, but
becauso not one single point ia taken up
from the working-class basis.
"British democracy" and "British liberty" are referred to lu the lotter as though
they wore somo kind of chewing-gum—as
though they wore something tangible.
What ore tho facts!
Take Mr. Pickup's reference to the attempted murder of "British democracy" by
Charles 1., for instance. Wero the workers
interests involved! Did Cromwell and his
Ironsides have for their slogan, "Better conditions for the toilers," or .was it protestantism—with the economic need of the
manufacturers^as a base) The latter most
assuredly. And apropos of Cromwell's lovo
of liberty and democracy—tho Germans have
nothing on the English when the Irish atro-
elties are remembered.
All this' "sacred right" piffle about voting, certainly sooms out of placo in a liberal's letter. Thoir "great men," Bright,
Cobden nnd Forster, refused household suffrage in tho boroughs, soon after the repeal
of the corn laws and loft it for the
tinted lories to accomplish. Of course, from
the working-class viewpoint, all this -noise
of "sacred right" turns out to he merely a
question of expediency, nicely weighed up
by the economlo Interests that control the
state at the time. Mr, Asquith admitted that
Alien referring to woman suffrage. He
stated that he had no objection to it, but
was unable "to introduce it because it was
inexpedient at that time. Since'the votes
of women, who' now dominate, numerically,
In industry, will be needed to prevent pro-
soldier legislation after the war, "votes for
women" Is . becoming expedient. Sacred
rlghtt BobiiI j Sections of the working cluss
are given the vote when their masters need
those votes to 'return them. When any section of that class may be expected to vote
in its own interest, wbat is more natural
than that it should be disfranchised!
And to cap it, towards the end of the letter, Mr. Pickup states that he "would have
applauded him (Borden) to the echo had
he and his party played th* tyrant" and
. . . made everybody give all,
Bftne democracy I
Neither Tory nor Liberal has ever raised
a finger against the slavery of the working
class. Nor will thoy. As parties representing different sections of the ruling cUbs
it Is hopeless to expect any effort ou thoir
part to ^abolish wago slavery. No ruling
class has-ever yet voluntarily got off the
bucks of its subject ones. And is thero any
foolish enough to think they ever will! Fortunately tho ruling classes of Europe and)
America have boen compollod to adopt policies which are a direct negation of all that
paper talk about democracy, freedom, otc.;
the working class is being compelled to realize that It is a slavo class and this must
result in an effort sooner or later to free
In an effort of that kind the workers are
working in their own Interest; by attempting to break tho chains of their slavery,
they strike right at the root of their troubles,
but to listen to tho punk that froths from
liberals merely keeps them in that condition
of stupidity wliich has so far enabled our
masters to palm off slavery under tho gulso
of freodom.
I hopo future ovonts will make Peter
pickup some class ideas. Yoiini for tho
Longshoremen's   Union,     Pender    street,
Vancouver,  Dec. EB,  1917.        ,
Street Railway Advertisements or Truth In
Editor 11. 0. Federatlonist: Sad to relate,
It was ruining—also It waB New Year's eve,
ns having finished my daily duties I awaited
the coming of a street car.to take ine to my
humble domicile in Vancouver's choicest residential suburb, commonly Known as South
Vancouver. Two or throe "Frnsers" had
already passed—chock full of humanity—
when 1 espied another coming nnd, being dos-
perate, I wns able to squeeze in between a
member of the fair sex and a rather pompous individual, seemingly of tho masculine
persuasion, who belched forth fumes from the
stub of a Christmas cigac. "Beautiful
weather!" volunteered the gentleman. I
agreed; feeling thnt If I differed tho conversation would be lengthened and that as my
friend talked with the "cigar", betweon his
teeth, he wight Inflict some more of the
poisonous gases <«hich emanate)} from his
partly burnt cigar.
We hnd by now reached the "Junction."
where good travellers were fain—In the
happy dnys—to "quaff a glass" (even two
betimes) according to the generosity of thc
conductor who punched their transfer. Visions had I of a foaming tankard wherewith I
might drown somo of tho perfume that the
pompous gentleman had ao kindly bestowed
upon me, No such luck, howover, the hostelry had heen converted into a junk store'—
the conductor gave two rings nnd we proceeded on our joyride still jammed tight on
tho renr pint form. Owing to a sudden jolt
tho lady to tho front of mo was forced rathor
close to my person, and as she possessed,
some beautiful plumage on her headgear, I
was permitted to receive a large portion of
partridge feather in my right eye. Should
tho lady in question read this, please accept
my host thanks as possibly sho did not catch
the full meaning of my remarks at the time.
Noaring Twenty-fifth avenuo somfl paBBcn-
gers decided that, ns tho conductor would
soon be collecting another fare, they would
mnke n graceful exit. I was permitted to ro-
mnin as I had parted with a settler's ticket
on entering. (When the fares advance I
hopo  to have  the "pleasure of lenvj
the front 4 the car. But what Is this I see!
Half-way along the row of advertisements is
a picture of one of the medical fraternity,
giving a prescription over the phone, recommending "Bon-Opto" for the eyes. My
right eye immediately regained ita jull visionary powers—no doubt at the happy prospects
in store—and also brought to my notice the
fact tha* the doctor prescribing "Bon-Opto"
wbb himself wearing glasses I A not uncommon thing for a doctor to do—that is prescribing "done" to euro that with which he
is himself afflicted.
Having recovered, I mado'tny *x»y to the
vacant, seat, but another interesting card
caught my gnze right opposite. It was an
advertisement of the Vancouver Gas company
and on the left of the card was the figure of
a man—possibly a likeness of the goneral
manager of the concern—who knows. By the
appearanco of his low forehead one can imagine a person not over-endowed with Intelligence and, by his rather extended waistline,
a person that does not over exort himself In
order to procure his daily "sustenance. This
is the doctrine wliich he expounds or words
to tbat offect: "Conserve tho coal for our
national needs. Gas must do the work." I
femomber that the fumes which tho pompous
individual had so generously distributed
were derived from his elgar and it struck
me that coal gas would probably bo obtained
from coal. Why then should tho Gas company insult tho intelligence of the public by
suggesting that gas be burnt so that coal
may bo conserved, when coal has to ho used
to manufacture gas! They soil you the gas
and thon sell you tho by-product (coke),
which costs you as much por ton as coal. Oh
no I tho Gas company aro neither patriots nor
philanthropists; by using gas you do not directly nor indirectly conserve the coal for
national needs, but you do help to line the
pockets of the Gas company,
Q. E, D.
Vancouver, .Ian. 3,   1918.
Memorandum, History, Resume, In Menioriaut
„ Editor B, 0, Federatlonist: Going back to
tho Yukon (Klondike) election of 1002, tbe
manner- in whloh Clifford Sifton not only
elected his apologist, Hon. Jus. H. Robb, as
flrst M.P. for the Yukon, but also prevented
any protest <tf investigation into how that
election was brought about, is interesting,
not to say enlightening. Remoinber that the
opponent of Mr. Ross in that election had
only one plank In his platform, that if elected he would impeach Clifford Sifton, alleged Liberal minister of tho fntorior, for
malfeasance in office. Clifford naturally
didn't want that done; ho prefers dealing
with public questions and his record as tho
Winnipeg Free Press sees fit to deal with such.
The orders to tho R. N. W. M. P. and lesser
heelers in that memorable election which
eusily established n high-water mark for cost
of electing one M. P. In Canada was to
stop at nothing. Go the. limit. Elect Ross.
At Millerand Glacier iioll there were 48
names ou Hie list which was the outside
number of actual voters. Ron.- got 100 Votes
und Clarke Itl. At Cariboo Crossing there
were 21 voters In the list; Clarke got 17 of
thoso bnt Ross got 131. Some eleotlon!
They owe over $80,000 yet and their names
to this duy are the tabs. No wonder W.
W. Ji. Mclntu-H said the defending of such
Liberals was not enBy at $10,000 a year and
pickings. He knew—becauso he tried it.
The law then was that,an election must he
protested within 40 days of the election.
But to protest an election It is an axiom
that some one must be elected and the way
a man Is elected is for the returning officer
to actually declare him elected. So that if
the returning officer should set tho day for
such declaration more than 40 days after the
actual voting, the protest could not be entered within tho 40 daya because' there was
no one elected yet., If you waited till the
declaration you *jmld bo too lato under the
aot. Irony of fate when Bob Ellbeck, the
sheriff and returning officer, set his declaration 62 days after tho voting, wo found ont
tnat wo were estopped, and no protest could
stand up.
ThU was proved by the fact that Congdon
(Liberal) protestod Thompson (Conservative) in the second Yukon election and the
supremo court threw tho protest out on this
point as a preliminary objection.
Application of the Tnkon Legend
Has the entire Dominion been Slftonlsed,
just as Joe Clarke was rubbed of the Yukon
election in 1002! Our election day was
Dec. 17, 1917. The soldierB' vote Is over
at or about the same time. No count, however, of that vote till a month after.. I do
not think the declaration of any M.P.'a
election can take place within the 40 days
of election. If not there ean bo no more
protest of any eleotlon in Canada now th-nn
there was possible a protest of tho Ross-
Slfton thievery of  1902.
The samo crooked enumerators, open repeating, notorious plugging, that went on
in Yukon, wns even exceeded at this election. The crooks worked so openly here'
that they must have felt they were Immune
from prosecution or even investigation.
The same master hand concocted both
legalised robberies. ,
Before going any further with denunciation of theso crookB, or even going any further with tho be-a-good-loser policy of some,
would It not be well MP find out ff we actually had any eleotiot at all worthy of the
name. Find out if the dice were not loaded
moro than has yet been published. Find out.
if Clifford Ofton's biggest and best deal was
not also hitrmoNt brazen and barefaced robbery. *
That this outrage to democracy (for which
they fight!) needed only the silence of the
press to make it look pretty would account
for the immense sums of money, piles of influence and pressure brought to Northcliffe-
Siftonize tho free press of Canada, and make
It unanimously ns possible, a la the Free
Press of Winnipeg.
This is-only ono phase of the alleged election of Dec. 17, pulled off so adroitly before the strictly English colony of Australia
told the European diplomats just how far
they were going with compulsory military
With this one shadow of the deal exposed
or even debated, the peoplo might yet watte
up.      . •
Brazenly tho John Wesley (Flavelles, Allisons and Clifford Siftons) and reverend
gentlemen who draw salaries for keeping
that great name before the public, want a
"union" government in Alberta. Union
men in municipal office. No man llge R. A!
Rigg, of Winnipeg, back in tbe provlnical'
house of Manitoba. They certainly have gall
and nerve, have these bold buccaneers of
modern Canada.
But tbo ship is waterlogged. It matters
not what loot has been put aboard, the jig
is up. Tho frenzied financiers of Canada's
profiteering brigade are going down, down
nnd without even one life-preserver such as
self-respect, and "thank God," as G. P.
Graham (another Methodist) says, "they
nre going to tnke a nice bunch of counterfeit sky-pilots with them, unwept, unhonored
and unsung."
For democracyl    (In spite of tho fnto ao
far meted out to ono Henri Bourassa  and
fearless uf Clifford of Brandon.) For Canada!
Edmonton, Dec. 28, 1917. V
Opposite Lahor Templt
—Headquarters for Labor Men—
es—75c and fl.00 per day.
$2.50 per week and up.
Cafe at Reasonable Bates
the- common .^erd). ■ Wit^ a- Vie^ini
ISSJOM* Je-Bffi  W
,  ^M\M;Vmib_r-
tbnnkfnl that my left optle tiptgd a
tlon, owing id the «ie«i .fun)
and my ri|M eye ipterr"	
School Shoes
for the Boy^
Bofore tho achool-days get actively under way it's alwnyB
good policy to give* a little
thought   to   the    boy *s    School
"LECKIE" turnB out a splendid wearing, modiam-wcight shoo
that'll delight him. Perfect in
fit, comfort nnd wearing qualities.
:.  OUR ANNUAL   .\
Sale of White
Take advantage of its great
money-saving opportunities
Granville and Georgia Streets
A New Year's Resolution
That Has Real Meaning
"That I will have my teeth given proper attention"
Mnk*. that resolution unci kcop it.   As u man who knows what
tlu* keeping of teoth in proper condition moans to general health,
comfort and appearance, I can toll you thut you could mako but
few bettor resolutions.
Start tho year right by calling ou mo and allowing mc to ox*
limine your teoth and advise you. If .your tooth need attention
I will toll you. It's bettor to bo told thnt way than to wait und
lot your teoth toll you in thoir way—whon it. is often too late.    .
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
602 Haatinga Street Weat, Oor. Seymour
Offlce Closes Daily at 6 p.m.
X-Bay films taken if neces*
\ury;    10*yaar   guarantees
Examinations    mad
pbone appolntmetti.
Examinations    made   oa
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F ti.s Greenhouaea and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Ham
mond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit aad Ornamental Treei and Shrubi, Pot Plants, Seedi,
Out Flowen and Funeral Emblems *
Main Store and Registered Offlce: VANCOUVER, B. C.
4S Hsstings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988.672.
Brunch Store, Vancouver—728 Qranvllle Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
Nanaimo Coal
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave." Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St.  Phone Sey. 226
Oapital 116,000,000        Beet. $18,600,000
A -Savings account will assist you in the patriotic and personal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interest at current rates, and weloemes small as well as large
accounts. -
Hemstitching, buttons covered, ecallop*
ping, buttos boles, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering, plcot edging, pleating, rucking, embroidery, hemming.
•88 Oranvllla St 1318 Dengue St.
Phone Ser. SHI Phona 1M0
Tbe Jirrii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Stmt
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
"*>£«    .   VANCOUVER, B.C. qgXD.
..January 4, 1918
Week of January 7
A Play with a Moral
"The Gill He
Couldn't Buy"
A   Great  Story  with
Comedy Galore
Order Your Seats Now
Prices—16c, 30c, Mc
Prosent "Home Again"
Direction  of  Minnie Palmer — Produced by Al Shean
Russian Singers and Dancers
With His New Laugh Prescriptions
Present   "You"
in   "A Pierrot'B Dream"
Matinee   Prices:   15c,   20c,  30c,   65c
Evening Prices:   ISc, 30c, 40c, 56c, 80c
Transcontinental Vaudeville
Best Feature Pictures
Got the Columbia habit, come
"twico woekly"
Entire  Change  Monday and
Ohlldren lie        Matinees 15c
Evenings 20c
Mary Pickford
"The Little Princess"
Other Big Features
J. Parliament 0. Turcott
Pocket Billiard
(Brunswick-Bailee Collender Oo.)
—Headquarters Ior Union Mea—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Cigars   and
Only Whit* Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
■llo men £jobc
Tbey are tbe finest bit of workman*
kip la tbe bicycle world; 8 different
models In variety of colors.
Prices from $42.50 to $85.00. on
eaiy payments U desired.
"Tbe Pioneer Bicycle Store "
SU Howe St.     t_ Hsstings St  W.
X,   3. PHILLIPS  * CO., Agents
V.»ne 6415 1MB Hamilton
Lahor Temple Pteas    Sex. MM
Pbone Seymour 718»    ■*■•, - -
Third  Floor,   World  BniMlaJ
VAKfOofrvBR, B. O.^__
—The only Union Shop in Van"~^
Barrabas in Jerusalem 2000
Years Ago and Borden
in Canada in 1917
And the Hand of Starvation
Clutches at the Throat
of Civilization
[By Goo. P. Stirling]
Mr. Borden's govornmont has nguin
got hold of what thoy call tho "rudder
of government," but which in, in reality, ns Carlyle says, tho "spigot of
Most of the people whn wore allowed
to voto, voted for the governmont. This
doea not moan that tho majority of tho
peoplo of Canada aro in favor of Mr.
Borden nnd conscription. If Mr. Borden had thought bo tho War-Times
election act would not havo boen born.
Tho refusal to tako a referondum on
tho question of conscription, and the
enactment of tho above-mentioned
Franchise act are conclusive evidence,
to all thoao who do not look at things
through party spectacles but with tho
naked eyo, that Mr. Borden has stolon
tho election.
Ih is also the rock upon which which
the Unionist government is destined to
bo shattered to fragments by tho relentless waves of public indignation.
The day of kaiserism is fast drawing
to a close. Tho establisment of a government by defrauding tho pooplo at
the ballot box mny bo a clover game,
whon the people of the world are boing
aroused to slay autocracy. Nero fiddled whilst Eome burned. And whilst
the grim spectre of starvation is casting its clammy hand over tho world,
Mr. Bordon plays at politics.
"Victory," says Lloyd George, "is
a question of tonnage."
And Mr. Borden would send him cs
a holiday gift 100,000 slaves.
Europe is on tho verge of starvation.
The groat mass of thc people nro apparently oblivious of the fact that 100
millions of nien cannot bo taken away
for three years from the production of
food without causing a famine. A few
economists can see it. A few statesmen fear it. But the mnjority of thc
people act as though they bolioved that
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
========== [By J. B.] ■
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
Victory Bonds
Making an appeal for thc purchase
of Victory Bonds, Rev. Dr. O'Boyle
said: "No sacrifice is too great to bo
rightly demanded of the citizen in
time of war. Prom thoso who fight,
lifo is asked; what then may not fairly be asked of tho rest! The state can
take our sons; it can, therefore, tnko
our money!"
"Our sons" is merely a figure of
speech. Most of tho people who talk
so glibly of giving thoir sons are not
personally concerned in tho mattor at
nil. But Dr. O'Boyle has stnted our case
for ub: Whon lifo is asked of some what
may fnirly be asked of the restt"
Oonscription of woalth, niost certainly,
and also conscription of their services
'beginning to be tired of carrying the
weight of every .war on their shoulders,
already bowed under the yoke of the
parasite, that throttling "old plan of
the Bea."
When a working man is conscripted
his wealth is conscripted as well as his
life. It consist of his labor power,
just his limbs and the strength to use
them. That is all the provision he has
for himself and those dependent upon
him. A very precarious investment at
the beBt  of times.
Of courso we are told that the government will take care of the man's
dependents and of himself if he comes
back. As a mattor of fact it does not
and we know it doos not, at least in any
adequate way.
We know all about it because wo
for the nation in nny way that they I havo beon thoro bofor-e.
aro able to serve. 11  This is not the flrst war although it
Labor   doos    ask    conscription     of is thc   worst   that has   evor   happen-
woalth.    Thc workors think it would     "       ' "      " '      '     "
bo only fair because their woalth has
been conscripted nlrendy, and they aro
flour and sugar were produced in gro-
cory establishments.
It is not yot too late to avert a disaster, but if a fow moro weeks of war nre
allowed to pass, a few more 100,000
tons of food sont to tho bottom of the
deep blue sea, n few moro 100,000 men
taken from thc production of food and
sont over to Europe, with the tools of
destruction and death strapped upon
their haunches, then neither gods nor
devils can avert it.
Two thousand years ago the mob in
the streets of Jerusalem voted for Barrabas. Thoro wbb hardly a dissenting
voice. Thc priests and thc loaders of
tho people "swept the country," bo
to speak, and the "peace on earth,
good will to men" campaign was nip-
pod in the bud.
Next to tho disgusting and malicious
act of the Germans in provoking war,
one would imagine that the most perfidious act today is to attempt to provoke peace.
Nevertheless hunger will provoke
poace in spite of tho vigilance of censors.
Soldiers cannot fight on short rations.
"Victory," says Lloyd Georgo, "is a
question of tonnage."
Meanwhile Mr. Borden will send 100,-
000 mon.
But we shall wait and see.
lUnder the auspices of Proportional  Kopriv
sentation League]
FEDERATIONIST readers who may havo
developed the Idea that lt Is Impossible
under the existing system to elect a
Lauor man to any public office, have an opportunity to try out a now system, under
different rules. On the "P, R." Model Election Ballot, printed herewith, are included
a number of Laborites. James Simpson, P.
M. Draper and J. G. Watters. The election
is, of course, fictitious, but you aro asked to
take sufficient interest in the contest to cut
out the ballot and send it In as directed.
Readers of The Fedorationist will probably
give their first preferences to these Labor
men and these, as one can express as many
choices as they please, your fourth and fifth
choice, etc., may go up to any other candidates yon wirh to seo elected.
Seriously,   this newspaper olection  should
demonstrate that under Proportional Representation, a Labor constituency like Vancouvor could secure Lahor representation.
1-Yderatlonittt lady readers will possibly
feel disposed to favor their own sex and give
one of their choices to Mrs. Nolllo McClung,
who has been prominently Identified with the
Prohibition movement, and who Is an author
of note. Other names which may recoive
consideration nre those of Sir Robert Falconer, president of Toronto University, Dr.
James W. Robertson, the "father" of manual
training and agricultural education in Canada, Prof. Adam Shortt, late civil service
commissioner of Cnnada, Dr. J. A. Macdonald, for many years editor of the Globe and
an orator of note, and Ralph Connor, author,
millionaire and chnplain. The rest of the
candidates are politicians to whom no introduction is necessary.
This election is supposed to be held in tko city of Vancouver to elect eight aldermen to. take the place of the present City Council. It Ib assumed that the candii
dates mentioned below have been nominated, and arc contesting this election.
Vote by placing tho figure "1" in the square opposite tho name of your flrst
choice; the figure "2" in the square opposite the name of your second choice;
the figure "il" opposite your third choico and bo on. You may thus express as
many choices as you please.
NOTE: The ballot will .ho valid if only tho figure "1" is marked, but voters are
idvised to number in the order of their preferences tho names of all the candidates
whom they would desire to see eleotod. The ballot will be spoiled if the figure
"1" is placed opposite the name of more than one candidate.
ed, and the aftermath will also be tho
wont.   Mako no mistake, I. B.
If tho papers have for once reported
correctly thon Mr. Duncan Kerr refuses to bo conscripted because he does
not wish to be shot.
Wo havo a vivid recollection of having been informed that women must
not vote because they could not flght.
Now -/omen are fighting and being
shot, not only as army nurses but evon
in the ranks.
And tho men who made all this horror possible are not satisfied to take
their share of it.
It is no use one man going up against
the military machino unless he goes as
tho suffragettes and the Sinn Fein prisoners went, willing to give their lives
for their principles.
Willing to be shot or starved, or
dono to death in any way, so tho causo
might win. I. B.
Was any explanation over given to
tho dear lady who was so indignant at
the working men for asking more wages
than tho dollar and ten contB that "our
splendid mon" get in the trenches
There aro some working men who
would not mind having a $1.10 a day
for pocket money if the government
paid for their board and clothes and
kopt thoir families. Their wives don't
allow them as much as that, these war
times. I. B.
That Election
A wave of hot air left over by the
election met    a   blizzard approaching
from the east, and instead of a snowstorm we had a storm of ico for four
days and nights.
Every day the ice on the trees got
thicker and thickor, two inches the flrst
day, and increasing every day, and
ending at laat in long, thick icicles,
Day and night there was the roar
and crash of falling tress and breaking crystal.
All the flexible trees were bent with
their tops on the ground. Fruit trees
were smashed. Fir trees had their
branches bent down near the trunk and
thon frozen stiff and solid till they
stood like tall, Blender cones instead of
having spreading branches.
The orchards are all gone, bnt the
outlook is better—I wiBh I could say
as much for the result of the election.
The wires aro smashed and no cars
running, so if you don't get this in
time you will know the reason  I, B.
Those Votes
Have the Australian soldiers who
voted in the trenches against conscription been shot as traitors, and if not,
why not!
If a Canadian who voted against conscription is a traitor and a pro-German;
and if an American anti•conscriptionist
is tarred and feathorcd, what is an
Australian anti-conBcriptionistf
Is he decorated with a double cross
for fighting for democracy on two
fronts at oncef
Please explain        t
Out-Pru8slaning the Pruseians
Years ngo in Germany a Scotch
school-girl saw some men with ribbon
streamers on their hats, and they were
acting very queerly. She asked a German officer about it and he said they
were the conscripts who had just been
called up, and they wore allowed to got
very drunk in an effort to drown their
But we brought in prohibition firBt
and thon called out the conscripts and
handed them a glass of near-beer, or
At ths Orpheum
Direct from tho eaBt, where It created ft
tremendous sensation, "You," said hy critics
to be ono of the most brilliant satires on
modern life soen on the vaudeville stage this
season, Ib coming to the Orpheum next Monday, headed by Bessie Rempel and a notable
cast of players. ***
Some Claims Made for "P. E."
The objects of the "P.R." movement ire
expressed by the Canadian P. R. Society,
of which the late Earl Oroy, ex-governor-
genera], was honorary president, to be as
1. To reproduce the opinion of tho electors in public bodies in their true proportions.
2. To secure that tho majority of the
electors shall rule and that all considerable
minorities shall bo heard.
3. To give electors a wider freedom in the
choice of representatives.
4. To give representatives greater Independence from the financial and other pressure of small sections of constituents.
5. To onBure to parties representation by
their ablest and most trusted members.
Royal Standard
The "Money-Back" Flour
Great Rising
*  $
More Loaves
to the
Milled in
A Flour that
Is Always
The Undisputed Leadership of
Royal Standard Flour
is duo to ita outstanding QUALITY.    When you purchase "BOTAL
8TANDABD" from your grocor you get the fullest valuo for your tnoney.
YOU secure a Flour made from the choicest wheat in the world.
You get a Flour unmatched in PUBITY, WHOLESOMENESS and all
the requisites that go to make a PERFECT BREAD-MAKING FLOUB.
OBDEB a Back today.   Bake with it according to your own favorite
recipe, and note the results.
Look for the trademark, the "Circle V."
Trades ud Labor Ooandl.
Friday, January 6, 1893
Vancouver Trados and Labor council
held a special meeting in Union hall,
President Clarence B. Monck presiding,
for the purpose of taking action in the
civic elections:
Andy Scoullar ondorBed as aldermanic
candidate for ward one; John McDowell and Chas. Queen for ward two:
Aid. Franklin and G. Hobson for ward
four; Wm. Towler for ward five. Wm.
Brown endorsed as mayoralty candi*
The election committeo comprised E.
Cosgrove, W. D. Johnstone, Geo. Gogon,
Dan O'Dwyor, Geo. Pollay.
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
Hat Manufacturers
(Bet. Hastings and Cordova Sta.)
Ordor of
in Squares
Name of Candidates
BORDEN,   Sir Robert I*.
BURY, Sir Qoorgo
CARVELL,  Krnak.
CONNOR.  Ralph.
OURRIE, Ooncral Sir Arthur W.
ODL.UM, Goneral Victor W.
FALCONER, Bir Robert
LAURIER, Sir Wilfrid
MoCLUNG, Mrs. Nellie.
MACKENZIE, Sir William.
ROBERTSON,  Dr. James W., C.M.O.
SHORTT, Prof. Adam.
1                  1                     WRITE, Sir Thomas.
This ballot paper should he filled aud posted as early as possible and not lattr thu
______________________■_ ______  __ _%_a.        __ 	
^iJSTt. gEfcW *>**■*_**-. ****** amtt MMM. tomtm
.      •■ X-'mam mTatm atiirtam .. 	
—the man who believes in a "square deal" for
every citizen.
—the man who has consistently and vigorously
fought, as an Alderman, for the citizens'
—the man who is heart and soul in the movement for the advancement of Vancouver's
industrial life.
—the man whose public record and business
career promises a Clean, Progressive, Efficient
and Economical city government for 1918.
Hear Aid. Gale at the Labor Temple, Saturday, January 5th, at 8 p. m.
<h'iu    -.'I.
>___$_. PAGE SIX
FBIDAT. January t, 1818
Do You Need a Raincoat?
We Are Selling Our Raincoats at
1-4 Off
$25 Coats for $18.75
$22 Coats for $16.50
$20 Coats for $15.00
•     $15 Coats for $11.50
$12 Coats for  $9.00
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
""•**fii& fl- O. Federation of Labor I. Btlll In need of funds to cover ozpemcK, both in connection w"n ihfl political campaign juat closed and also to prnptim fo;* hy-el^ctions in B. 0. in
Hm nc^r future. For this reason The Fcderaiipu.-st ba« deoidoft" t0 rt.-o]i»n its Campaign
Wur!) r .'-"' T?oaT* lo tili the workers, who can, to "do i*;.*ir bft' iy giving tit thsy can towards tP.fs important fund. Out out tha above; fill In 7^, mim„ and parent and the
ottount yi'/re willing to contribute to Uw nmpalgn fe^ 0f the B. C! Federation of Labor,
uid fiin-i,™*™ enclosure toX. Parm. .-ftng&ct, lalwr Temple, Vancouver, B, O. The
t.n, vh «1" «" ■f,:i'?wk'il»e(J-,f0in #0'ek to week and forwarded to the B. 0. F. of L.
*■.--■■)■   r.:r   io '':,' llsl11 ln.,",?Ctlrirjg the eleotlon of Ltbor representation.
A Vancouvtr Wage-worker $ 2.00 J Richard Davey, Nanaimo   1.00
W. V. flerulj/, Phceni*. B. O.  -.    1.00 7 F. L, T. Dunroe, Port OlemenlB, Q. 0.' .
Vanaimr)    (' irupuftfi'    Oomniltlee,   per 1    2 00
J.  Hodgklnson   i  12.25 |
Should be in the home of
every man-
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi Stmt Wilt
Delivered to and from all trains,
boata, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone u day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Bay. (KW-5-8 Union Station
Por tale br
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Pair. 8800       1820 Mftln State*
To Federationist
Please remember tbat no litter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address label on your
paper carries tbe date to which
your subscription la paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, the correct change ln
your label date li not made,
notify us at once. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
aend lt to this offlee—not lo
the other fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be bappy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B, 0.
of working-class interests
continued by re-electing
Mayor McBeath
While representing the
whole city his ear has always been, open to suggestions from Labor organizations.
Campaign Manager.
upon in
Rainbows of Hope in World
Made Drunk With Loot
and Magnificence
Flashes of Sanity From the
Bedlam of Capitalist
No dojbt a great many persons were
vory much surprised whon, in 1914,
this civilization of ours suddonly went
out of its bend and run nmuck in such
a spoctucular and evon glorious man
ner, upon tho fields of Europe, And
yet to the studoitf of history, who had
gono deeper into its lessons than that
of a moro surface skimmer, there was
nothing surprising about it. Tlio particular outbreak of viciousiioss referred
to, docs not in any manner differ from
tho thousand and one attacks of vertigo
of similar import, that ruling-class
civilization haB Buffered in tho past,
with the single exception of being perhaps tho most violent and exhausting
of thc wholo bloody lot, The term, vertigo, is used advisedly, for let it bo
known thut the word is defined as
meaning "giddiness; Jizzincss; a swim
ming* of the head." It is a "common
symptom of excessive or defective supply of blood to the brain, and also of
derangement of the digestive organs,""
Whenever nations Buffer an execssivo
or defective supply of blood (plunder
taken from their slavos) or a derangement of their digestive organs (which
means their trade, commerce, territorial
jurisdiction, national pride and dignity,
etc., ad libitum ad nauBeam) they suffer from an attack of vertigo, that
cannot be relieved without moro or less
copious blooding at the nose, ns it were.
This last attack is a severe ono. The
bleeding at the nose has been going on
now for three and a half years. Perhaps it may be noticed that most of the
blood hns been furnished, however, by
that section of tho various nation involved,, whom the redoubtablo Mr. Doo-
ley addressed when he quoted' to thehi
the memorable words of Marx, "workers of all countries, unite; you have
nothing to lose but your brains, and
ye never had any." But it is some
The First Flash of Sanity
About the first notable flash of sanity out of the murk and gloom of this
ruling-class ebullition of insane fury,
was the Russian revolution. The workingmen and peasants of a huge empire,
the entire history of which had beon
nothing but an 'unending tale of horror
and brutality perpetrated upon them
and thoir ancestors, rose againat their
rulers and 'stripped them of the power
for further rule and mischief. That it
w»p unmtatnkably a flash of snnity is
evidenced by tho fact that those workers carried out their purposo, that of
breaking the rule and' feasting off tho
yoke of f.iieir tyrants, rfglit in tho face
of thai holocaust of war that had rendered practically all of the workers of
the rest of the world as insane and
drunk with the smell of blood aB their
masters. And out of the turmoil that
quite naturally accompanied and followed tho revolution, and it is but fair
to admit that even that turmoil was
liko unto tho calm of a heaven-sent
penco in comparison to the normal conditions of Russian existence prior thereto, there has been slowly but surely
unfolding a new order of things, that
ib tearing at tho heart-strings of the
rulers and robbers of all other lands
and rendering their nights sleeplesB
through fear of boing sent to follow in
the footBtepa of tho brutal Czar, by
their own slaves who are rapidly imbibing the now gospel of labor and
discerning the rainbow of promise and
hope that is being envisaged upon tbe
lnbor firmament.
Under the Southern Cross
Another flash of sanity cornea to us
from the land of tho Southern Cross.
The Australian turndown of the ancient
and hoary old schemo of conscription,
the laBt and crowning infamy in the
ruling-clasa Pandora's box of vicious
crimes, at the recent attempt for tho
second time to fasten tho damnable
thing upon them, carries with it a message of hopo and cheer to tho sane and
revolutionary workers of Russia and
of other lands whoro they possibly exist.
Wherever tho spirit of revolt againBt
tho tyrannies nnd brutalities of class
rulo oxists, and wherever it breaks
forth into open defiance of the oppressors and tyrants of the enrth, there
is evidence of that sanity that may
yet be the means of calling; a halt upon
the world-suicide thnt is now in progress, nnd rescue civilization from its
threatened self-destruction.
Bolsheviki Spectre Sobering Them Up
The Bolsheviki proposals for a peace
tn bo mnde by the workers of the various countries involved in the wnr, nnd
its manifest disposition to repudiato
German or nny other pence offers cal-,
eulated to porpotunto the regime of the
ruling class, is having its effect, not
only upon tho workers of othor lands,
but upon the ruling clnss generally.
Evidence of this is to be seen in the
increasing disposition upon the part
of tho agents of the rulers to adopt
a more sympathetic attitude towards
contemplated peace proposals. The
stand taken by the Labor congress at
London recently declared for "universal enforcement of a national minimum
wage; democratic control of industry;
a revolution in national finance, nnd
the surplus wealth for the common
good." While these demands nro by
no means violently rbroluiioiiaiy, «hey
nre at lenst indicative of the general
trend of thought in the coawirvativo
and slow-thinking part of tne labor
world. And ono ennnot follow tho current news dispatches without realizing
that even these Bomewhat mild pronouncements by British labor are having a decided influencj hi toning down
thd blustering and pompous "knockout
blow" policy of tho half-insane statesmen ft) who nro BuppoBcd (by themselves) to be guiding the ship of Btate.
It is particularly noticeable that their
blustering attitude haB been considerably modified since the pronouncements
of the Trade Union conference. Thero
is mofih that is slowly leaking past the
careful nnd, no doubt, well-intentioned
censorship that our self-appointed overlords have sot up for tho good of onr
immortal souls, that goes to show that
the leaven of sanity is at work among
v' ■
r '.'■'■
Fine Mudin
Exceptional Values
Are Presented
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
the working people of ot loast all of
tho big nations mixed up in this brutal
sti-aggle. That the rulers of all countries are awake to this is clearly shown
by the terror that is inspired within
thehi by thc spoctve thnt hns boen conjured forth by the Bolsheviki in its
dealings with czars* landlords, financial
magnates and othet ruling-class truck
and their precious paraphernalia. Those
rulers can see tho hand of a sone and
determined proletariat reaching for
their throats, just its thc hond of tho
revolutionary \vorko*rs of Russia reached
for the throats of ;their czar and his
coterie of vulgar tjjrants. Were it not
for that hand withjits threatoned grip
of grim rotributioni looming ominously
in the foreground, they would still bo
slavering nt tho jafcs for moro blood
and gore, instoad of becoming amenable
to tho advances of! sanity and peace.
Tnko all around and the signs and
portents upon tho social horizon are
at present reassuring.
fl What is most nodded in Cannda just
now is a few dividepdless days. Then
there would be less njcod for tag days.
fl "Is there any oso waging a war
for liberty if every liberty wo hnvo
muBt bo abolished jn order to wngo
_ To thoso who have shall be given—
those who have nothing shnll be pinched for having it andf jailed for having
nothing elec.—St/louis Labor.
_ With a scapogoat ns convenient ns
the European war on hand, thoro is no
reason why anybody ahould blame his
friends for anything.—Tho Masses.
1_ Conscription of Opinion—The war
on democracy, conducted by those who
am supposed to bo conducting a war for
democrncy, is proceeding apace. Some
systems, like vegetation, contnin within
themselves thc germs of their own destruction.
fl Recont daily papera contnin nn intimation that thc system of forcibly deporting conscientious objectors to England "has been abandoned in favor of
imprisonment, since the British authorities have no wish to bo troubled with
men who will not'fight."
[ The real profiteers in Canada, who
Iso own or control the big percentage
of the daily press, aro now blaming
tho farmer for tho high cost of living.
The thing which is wrecking the farm-,
or's mind, however, Ib figuring out what
becomes of the difference between what
reccivos for his product and what
he knows tho consumer pays for it.
| Come to think of it, perhaps the
ighcat tribute Premier Borden could
have paid Labor in Canada was to ignore it. At any rate it makes it easier
to assume that the policies of organized
Labor in Canada are not so acceptable
to the employing and profiteering interests us ia thc case in Sammy Oompers' domain.
fl Concurrent with tne first roundup
yesterday of tho Press' Gang the daily
prcBS announces that the fruit-growers
will need at least 2000 Chinese imported into B. C. to pick fruit next summer. It is suggested, (oof that employers bo given an opportunity of exploiting the labol? of interned aliens. Tho
pnytriots are nbt satisfied' wim grinding tho soldiers' dependents into profit.
As the conscripts leave industry
Chinese, women and aliens must be
compelled to fill tlie fMftnclei.   And
Medical Man Accomplishes
Remarkable Lowering
of Death Rate
(By W. Francis Ahern)'
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Dec. 3-(Spccial
to the Fed.)—Over 20 yeara ago,-n doctor in lunacy—Dr. F. Trilby King—
tok up, us u hobby, tho study of
schemes for promoting tho hoalth of
women and children. Tho improvement
in the resid.il birth rate of New Zoaland has its beginning in tho hobby
tak.cn up by Dr. King. That ho has
now been officially invited to London
to establish maternity homes on tho
principle adopted in 'New Zealand is
positive proof of.the good work ho"has
been doing iu the Dominion in the
Iu 1007, ut Iub suggestion, tho Society for the Health of Women and
Children was inaugurated at Dunedin,
N. Z,( and soon extended a health mission amongst thu mothers and bnbes.
Although the infant death-rnto in New
Zealand was onc of the most fnvorablo
in the world, the founder of this new
society camo to the conclusion thnt it
was still too high, and held thnt a diffusion of knowledge among the women and a recognition of infant requirements and maternal duties would
save to thc community one life a day,
and correspondingly increase tho
strength and vitality of the rising generation. Botwoon 1900 and 1907, the
nverago death-rate among children
under one year of age in the New Zealand towns was about eight per cent.
For thc live years following the establishing of Dr. King's society it fell to
fl% por cent. By 1013 it foil to 5 per
cent., and for the next year it had fallen exactly hnlf of what it wns in
1900-07. In 1912, tho Now Zealand
minister of public hoalth, seeing the
good work done by Dr. King, decided
thnt the work .should bc extended and
arranged so thnt Dr. King should be
released from his other duties as lunacy
surgeon, aad take up an extensive tour
of New Zealand with the object of
settling permanent organizations in
every placo visited. A bantl of trained
nurses was organized fo work the various districts.
Presently'maternity homes were endowed and subsidized by tho New Zealand government until thore were five
of these in the dominion, The Karl-
tnnc hospitnl has taken its place among
the recognized teaching institutions of
tho university, for there, in addition
to the treatment of mothers and babies,
tho doctors attending post-graduate
courses are given the opportunity of
visiting hospitals and investigating
the methods pursued, and girl students
taking their domestic seienco course nt
thc university receive practicnl training in the caro and feeding of infants
at) the hospital. All milk used is prepared at thc hospital, thc nurses becoming acquainted with every detail of the
modification and grading of milk to
suit individual babies.
Ono of Dr. King's pet planks is the
system of caloric estimates in infant
feeding, us a preventntivo of mere Blip-
shod guessing, when determining and
grnding ahead the progressive food allowance for any baby. Knowing the
avorage caloric need for weight and
nge of tho normal infant, and knowing
thnt the average thin, ill-nourished ailing baby fails to gain regularly and sat-
Are you
for the usual
cold snap?
YOU should be sure and be prepared
by getting an Overcoat, before the
usual January cold weather arrives.
Here wc can show you a grent range
to choose from at, under "Our Right
Selling Plan," unusually low prices:
$18, $20. $25, $27.50,
$30, $35 and $50
Copyright Ihrt ScWfwr It Mua
UMITCD     *
isfactorily in weight until he is taking from 30 to 4.0 per cent, in oxccbs
of this, the doctors nre ablo to convey
to tho nurses without difficulty what
Ihey want thom to do. Tho trained
nurse con work out all the requirements
in a few minutes from details given
her by tho doctor. Tho precise amount
of food to be taken daily by ench baby
is ascertained by moans of a "residue
bottle" for each cradle by deducting
what is contained in tho bottle at the
end of tho day from the specified allowance, And in tho case of ailing
nurslings, the babies are regularly
weighed, before and nfter suckling, to
ascertain precisely what supplemontnry
amount of nourishment ahould be given.
There is a special method of bed-making, to prevent chilling at theso mator-
nity homes, which are built rather on
the plan of opou-uir phthisis hospitals.
It is equivalent to providing sleeping
bags, and ia particularly beneficial to
babies, which can be kept warm and
comfortable with much lighter and
much less hampering bed-clothes than
would otherwiso bo needed.
Dr. King has pronounced patent
foods, night-feeding, and "dummies"
taboo. Perhaps the most surprising of
tho "threo prohibitions is that of night
feeding, which the nvernge person De-
liovoa to be an indispensable discomfort of having babies. Babies are fed
only six times a day, and after four
months only five times a day, and infants accustomed to breaking the monotony of tho dark hours by being fed
nre quickly broken of tho habit once
they enter the New Zealand maternity
Warehousemen Change Date
Heroufter the Warehousemen _ local
will meet overy Friday evening at the
Labor Templo. Tho local now numbers
142 members, and is tanking excellent
ii/' SNUFF •'V;
It ii manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a
It is tobacco scientifically prei , red
for man's use.
leave    industry
1  aliens  muit be
Suits and
—the kind that are often talked
at>out—but not often seen.
They're here in the best of styles,
qualities and patterns that the leading manufacturers afford.
$18 to $35
under our usual guarantee—your
money's worth or your money back
33i«e4?49 H/utinqs St Eajt.
.■w^im./!■   .feifii  *     ■ \   *   *; 1
33 and 47:49 HAgUNg&^Agr.
ri, " ■ ,-:'-  ■■ ■'   ,i.**il '.!SI*.**» .»(. . » ;i*«!i !0?     <■    .
.**!'*.   *1 ..*. _ -;.„*:•»,' >.l;ii „"Mki *p ,.0 .s ,;ml[     I'
> i ■MI)i«iil|lifr;WIW») •||iV»T|))Hll)it||l'll1iil|ti     i .i i)iij"jf"''
■il»l.    .Ii;     .' '<     ii ",!■
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