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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 7, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 49
(la Vaaeeavsr\
____0OM )
Matter WiU Be Subject of
Referendum Vote
of Unions
Maw Meeting to First Be
Called as Protest of
Labor -
The question of a general atrike of
erganiiod Labor, aa a protest agalnBt
Ae imprisonment of Dunean Kerr tinder
tie wnscription act, will be submitted
to a nte of the affiliated unions and a
■ass-meeting of organised Labor also
■s a protest will be called on a date
previous to the election, to be decided
en br the president, vice-president and
seoreary of tho Trades and Labor Counoil. This was tho action decided npon
lut night.
A resolution was also unanimously
passed expressing the admiration of the
council for tho courage and determination of Bro. Kerr. Lotters inclosing a
amy ot this resolution will -be sent to
Bro. Kerr's father and sister.
There was considerable discussion on
the subject of a general strike. Several of the locals, their delegates reported, have already taken action favorable to a down-tools policy as their
protest against Kerr's imprisonment.
'The subject was brought up by a
aaestion of Del. Alexander, who said
that under the conscription act there
was no appeal, right of bail or any
other concession in Kerr's case. Kerr
kad beon sent to the penitentiary for
two years. A delegate said it was his
understanding that the powers at Ottawa wero trying to make it so that
a taan in Kerr's position would bo
taken into tho army Irst, and would
have to serve his sontenee afterward.
One of the delegates expressed tho
opinion that the "kaiser had boon out*
haltered by Bir Robert Bordon."
The question of whether the Trades
and Labor Council should ask the B. C,
F. of L. to call a general strike in protest against Korr*s Imprisonment was
argued thoroughly before the action
above was decided npon. That Labor
should voice its pretest at tho polls by
voting for tho B. C. F. of L. candidates
wat strongly argued. Tho effectiveness
ef this was the subject of argument,
Half-Holiday on Election
Various delegates reported- for their
anions respecting tho resolution of the
Trades and Labor Couneil paBaed some
time ago that a half-day strike bc
sailed on election day owing to the
operations of the Election act preventing some working pooplo from getting
to the polls on account of thc polls
opening after they hnd gone to work
and closing before they hud finished
work for tho day. Tho city council,
it was reported, had voted to give n
half-holiday on election day. That the
C. P. R. had in past elections given its
employees time off to poll their votes
and was expected to this timo, was reported by a delegate. Tho Cignrmakers, owing to working by the piece,
will not find it necessnry to quit work,
as they can tnke their own time off
to vote.
Business Agont Midgley reported respecting the opening of company towns.
A lettor had been sent to the attorney*
feneral on Nov. 19, but no roply hnd
eon nkeived. On motion of Dol.
Helena Gutteridge, thh president was
instructed to ngain writo ubout the matter. It was pointed out by tho delegate that this wob not tho first timo
Hon. Mr. Farris had neglected to reply to letters from the Trades and
Labor Council, which, sho snid, seemed
rather odd on thc part of the governmont which had presumed to be favorable to Labor.
Various dolegates reported excellent
progress of thoir locals.
A committeo of Crawford, Knowles
and Midgloy wns nppointed to go into
tho quostion of the new wnge scale of
tbo Engineers.
A committeo, Bro. Hubble, Midgley
and Knowles, wns appointed to visit
tbo Shipwrights' regarding thc payment of per capita tax.
The council decided to donate a
further $100 to tbe campaign fund.
Tho following now credentials wore
recoivod: Carponters, G, Worth; Electrical Workors, W. Y. Murdock;
Freight Handlers, William Manning.
Austin Speaks
Good He!
Lnbor candidate for \H "footenay,
was held in Bevelstoke all last week
as it i was reportod tke Liberals were
f>ing to hold a meeting lut Friday,
he hopo was that the Labor candidate
would be given a hearing, and he wet—
a splendid hearing. The Liberal secretary, accompanied by Dr. Sutherland,
M.L.A., visited the Labor committee-
rooms during the day and extended an
invitation for Austin to speak from the
Liberal platform. At Nelson they were
wondering where Austin wu, but the
opportunity was too good to miss In
Bevelstoke, so Austin was held there.
Friday evening arrived and the Opera
houae was filled to the doors. The
chairman invited Austin to a seat on
the platform. The first speaker on the
carpet was Dr. Sutherland, who made
a strong apology for the absence of
the Liberal candidate for the district.
A lady called out that ke "would not
be missed."
Austin was then given a hearing, and
he outlined his position and the reuon
he wu In the field u a Labor candidate. Sf gave the history of tke nominations—how Anstie had lost out by
joining the Unionist crowd. This left
the field open and it was up to the
Labor party to get busy. After the
lapse of a week tko Liberals had nominated Pte. Maxwell, which looked like
tho Liberals were either out to elec
Bob Oeen or to beat tho Labor pnrty.
Judge Mclnnes was hero last week
and made onc of his famous speeches.
We have nothing on him hore, for ho
certainly boosted for Austin ns he gave
the Labor platform plank for plank.
Ho made the mistake ot tolling the
audience it wns a "Liberal" speech.
Thc meeting felt that the judgo had uot
dono thc Labor candidate any harm.
Woodworkers' Local
The Mill nnd Factory Woodworkers,
Local 1915, W. Thomas, business agont,
reports that everything is going along
1 flne.  Some of the fnctories aro 100 per
i  cent, orgnnized, and ho wishes to im-
i  press upon tlio Mill Workers tho necessity for better orgnnizntion.   They hold
1 their meetings on Friday evoning, until
1 further notice.
»   - ——    ,_      ■
Teamaters and Chauffeurs of Stores Desiro Better Working Conditions
Agreements went out from headquarters of th© Teamsters'.and Chauffeurs'
local yesterday   to   the departmental
stores and wholesale Arms.   It is not
expected thero will be nny difficulty
in regard to obtaining hotter wnges
and conditions.    The local mot with
I success in its  negotiations   with   the
] General   Cnrtngo   association.   About
| twenty new members    were    enrolled
Wednesday night at tho mooting of the
j local,  which  now hns  a  membership
well over the 000 mark.
Butchers on Strike
SEATTLE, Doc. fl.—Union mon in
throe big packing companies in ■Seattle
and in the rotnil markets controlled by
these packing houses went on a strike
this morning. Thoy wore1 called off
last night and did not show up for
yrork today except in tt fow, instances
.where ihey returned to clean up work
left unfinished at closing time Inst
Local Continues to Orow In Strength
and Signs Vp New Houses
According to a report at the headquarters of tho Cooks, Waiters and
Waitresses', the local is now in a vory
hoalthy condition. More members are
being enrolled and a large number of
restaurants have boen signed up. Other
houses hnvo tho agreement with the
local undor consideration and it Ib expected thoy, too, will come in,
An election of officers will bo held tonight and much interest ia being shown.
Polling will be from 10 om. to 9 p.m.
Socialist Meeting
A campaign meoting of the Socialist
party will bo held at the Avenue
thentro Monday night. H. H. Stovens
and W. W. B. Mclnnes have boen invited to n joint debate with W. A.
l'ritchnrd, the Socialist candidato.
His Past Record Will Not
Stand Inspection By
Union Men
Crowe Is Also Director of
the Local Laundry-
Yes, S. J. Crowe is tho same Crowe
who used to bo a building contractor
in this city. Ho had several differences
with tho Carponters' local ut one time
and anothor and is unfavorable to organized Labor, or to uny sort of labor
except the cheapest. While in thc contracting businoss ho was known as a
"scabby" contractor.
At tho present timo, Crowo is a director of tho Pioneer Investment company, which owns tho Pionocr, Cnscado
mid Dominion laundries. Tho hitter Is
loaed. At tho othor two, the chief
employeos are womon who work bard
all dny for a vory small wnge. Laundries como under tho regulations of thc
Fnctories Aot which stipulates an eight-
hour day. At theso laundrios thc women, in most cases, work 54 hours a
week instoad of tho lawful 48. But
tho womon, naturally, aro afraid to
complain. They need the monoy no
matter how long hours thoy arc compelled to work for it.
, And Crowe, by the way, is a vice-
president of the Vancouver Exhibition
association which, most persons will
remember, hired roturned soldiers last
year and offered them |2 a day. Howover, the soldiers went on strike and
got more. A. J. Craig, who was in
charge of these men and who Ib reported to have flred the so-called "ringleader" of tho strike, has been working
as an enumerator,
And Crowo is trying to pmko it appear he is n friend of the working clnss.
Another Dance Soon
Tho Waitresses havo given several
very successful dances lately, und are
planning for anothor, which thoy say
will be more successful than any previous affairs, if thoy enn mnke it so.
Dr. Curry to Speak at Victoria
Dr. W. J. Curry goes to Victoria tomorrow to Bpcak for the Labor candidate in Nanaimo riding, Mr. Taylor.
_ The old voters' lists are not
being used in tbis election. See
to it that you arc on thc new list,
% '■
The spectacle ot 8. J. Crowe, Unionist candidate for Burrard, reading to
audiences a letter from his son who
died on the battlefield, shows the low
depths to which the Unionist brand of
politician will stoop to win votes.
# *   *
Mrs. S. J. Crowe, the step-mother of
boys at the front, is on the voters' list.
Does the aet ny that step-mothers may
The lists contain the names of several
women who have no right to bo on
them. These should be challenged at
the voting places just the same ns men
challenge one another's sincerity.
# #   »
Tho noisy women at the Uorso Show
building made a demonstration which
would lend a stranger to believe they
were the mothers, wives and sisters of
nil tho men who have gone to tbe front
from this city. There were hundreds of
women thero who pitied tbem, of
courBe, for they, too, had suffered deeply whon tho rich man's war removed
their loved ones. But those kind of
demonstrations do not mako votes for
the rotten Borden governmont, Thoy
make votes, as n matter of fact, for any
candidato who Is honost in opposition
to a regime which has stained Canada's
fair name with rascality's inftelibl-e
# #   •
Major Cooper, knew all about the in-
tonded disturbance at tbo Horse Show
building and encouraged it. Ho didn't
raise a hand to prevont it or to stop it
after it started.
# #   #
A riot of crippled and maimed soldiers at the Horse Show building was a
pitiful spectacle. Those healthy, strong
men who inspired and encouraged it
ought to be Bent up for lifo.
A dispatch came through tho other
duy that a Grand Trunk employee in
the east hnd got drunk and jailed on
booze he got in Hon. Robert Borden's
private car. Temporanco workers please
A'lincouvor was not tbo only place in
Canada where returned Boldiers were
inspired to make fools of themselveB in
the interests of tho grafting Bordon
government. It begins to look liko it
was ti Dominion-wide plot.
# #   t
Tho Tories are trying to make it appear that the roturned soldiers wbo had
soats on tbe Liberal platform at the
Horse Show had been induced to do
this by promises of booze. What a
slander on brave ment
«   •   •
Au infallible sign bath appeared
upon the horizon indicating the overwhelming defeat of Borden's alleged
"Unionist Oovernment." Roosevelt
and Samuel Oompers have both been on
this side of the line speaking in behalf
of the "Unionist" campaign. Roosevelt never yet advocated any cause that
did not go down to defeat, and Hr.
Gompors never guessed correctly but
once. So there you aro. Borden and
his gang is defeated. The villian is
foiled.  The heroine escapes.
Mass Meeting
To Close Campaign of
Labor Candidates
DAY, DECEMBEB 16, AT 8 p.m.
Members of organized Labor
are asked to koep this specially
in mind and be present, making
a successful ending to a very
successful campaign. Speakers
•will bo: E. T. Kingsley, B. P.
Pettipiece, J. H. McVety and
V. B. Midgley.
This Is Shown By Perusal of
Enumerators'   Lists
This Week
Huge Numbers of Qualified
Voters Deliberately
Left Off
While it was suspected tbat the enumerators appointed by the Tory machino to take tbe names of voters for
the federal olection wore prepared to
cheat, it was not suspected that the
fraud would be upon such a tremendous
scale as it haB turned out to be.
The "lists" are now public proporty,
and it is remarkable how many men—
especially laboring men—were "overlooked. That it was deliberate fraud
in some cases, there can bo no doubt,
for it was too persistent nnd general to
have been the result of chanco or laziness on tbo part of the enumerators.
Not only wore hundreds of names left
Auto Men Organiie
A meeting of automobile and garage
employeos will be held at tho Labor
Tomple tonight for the purpose of or*
ganizing this industry.
"Farm" Is IU
R. P. Pettipiece, managing-editor of
The "Fed." is confined to his home,
having taken ill on Tuesday. The doctor expects to get him around again in
a few days.
off the list but, fo show the deliberate-
nesB of it, scores of well-known business mon do not find tbeir names on the
Thc enumerators, too, managed to
find a surprising number of "female
relatives" of soldiers at the front, and
though the law says they mnust be
wives, Bisters, mothers, of soldiers overseas or sailors here or abroad, it is being claimed that a whole lot of distant
relations such as 'tconth cousins and
aunts may be found on thc lints.
The Tories intend to win thc election
by hook or crook, and they may do all
the crooked work they please without
fear of punishment. There is no penalty in tho War-Times Elections Act
provided for frnud on the part of tho
enumerators, poll clerks, returning officers and Tory heelers.
The War-Times Elections Act is another samplo of the Kaiserism displayed at the Horse Show building lust
Saturday night when the government
partisans, fearful of revelations which
the returned soldiers who ure Liberal
candidates were about to make, caused
a crowd of crippled returned soldiers
to break up the meeting and prevent
freo speech.
Labor Man  First Victim
Seized by "Press Gang"
Mr. Kerr is a member in good standing of the International Union of Steam
and Operating Engineers, Hu was born
in Scotland, but has been practically
raised in Canada, his parents having
come to this country wben ho waB still
a youth. Tbo family came to Canada
in order to escape from the tyranny
and despotism of tbe old land and to
participate in and enjoy thc domocracy
und liborty supposed to bo in vogue in
this Dominion, Mr. Kerr's parents are
now living In tho provinco of Ontario.
Up to a snort time ago, Mr. Kerr was
employed as engineer at tho sawmills
located at Pitt Lake, B. C. Ho was
forced out of his employment there bo-
cause he refused to register under the
infamous conscription law thrust upon
the Canadian peoplo by tho Borden government. Upon his arrival in Vancouver be wbb seized by tbe '' press gang''
and the attempt wus made to induce
him to succumb to the conscienceless
demands of conscript slavery. Mr.
Kerr steadfastly refused to do so. After
being repeatedly haled before tho honorable court, admonished and remanded, he was at last given a sontonce of
: two years at hard labor in the peniton-
tiary at New Wostminster, B. C.
i To tho secretary of his union, Mr.
Kerr has said, tbat had the matter of
conscript Bervice boon put to thc vote
of thc people of Canada, and hnd there
boen decided upon in tho affirmative
by a majority of thc votorB, he would
have cheerfully obeyed tho mandate.
But inaatauch as it had beon forced
upon the peoplo without even bo much
as consulting thom In the matter, ho
did not see his way clear to submit to
such an unwarranted and arbitrary assumption and cxcrciBo of authority, In
faot, he could not submit to it without
doing violence to his innermost conviction and utterly repudiating all domocracy. This he was not prepared
to do. And for hnving manly convictions nnd thc courage with which to
stand by them regardless of whatever
discomforts thc law of the jungle might
force upon him, he gets two years at
In Spite of Better Working
Conditions Girb Are
It is reported tkat. two of the nonunion waitresses employed at McLeod's
cafe, which Is unfair to organised Labor, have quit, even for all the boasted
"better conditions," put in force at
this restaurant since the girls went on
striko. The (iris wbo are working during the strike have so guarantee that
better conditions will prevail ony longer than the striking waitresses are on
picket at tke cafe entrance. The strike,
by the way, is tnaking satisfactory
progress. The girls still remain on
picket duty and are as determined as
ever to let the publie know of McLeod's unfairness to them. They ask
for one day off in seven, not necessarily Sundays.
Oalgary Unionist Hm
Mr. J. Browning, secretary of the
Carmen's union, Calgary, hu been a
visitor in Vancouvei for the past few
days. He seemed surprised that Vancouver still maintained the ward system in municipal affairs. He also stated
that in Calgary tke neit municipal election would be conducted on the proportional representation basis, and the
trade unionists of the Foothills City
expect to mako a good showing. Bro.
Browning cannot understand why Vancouver unionists do not pay more etten
tion to municipal affairs.
Warehousemen Organise
Thc Warehousemen have now started
an organisation and the local will meet
Monday nights. More than a hundred
members have enrolled. Temporary officers have been elected. The men will
go aftor better conditions shortly, as
somo of them ure working twelve to
fourteen hours a day for (60 a month.
Although Labor Candidate Made Direct
Charge Dental Is Weak
"If Mr. Donnelly will make a direct
denial of the statement that he refused
to sign u petition of the city firemen
in favor of a platoon system referendum, I am prepared to produce the ire-
man who says ho did,''yesterday said
V. R. Midgley, Labor candidate who
iB running against Patrick Donnelly,
Liberal, and 3. J. Crowo, Unionist, in
Vancouvor Centre. On Wednesday
night, Donnolly is reported to have
Btated at ono of hts meetings that
Midgley was '' misinformed."   „.,.
Election of OOoers
Tho nnnunl election of offlcors of the
Street Railwaymen will bo held next
Wednesday night. In the aftornoon, a
meeting will bc held at Oddfellows'
ball, Mo.int Pleasant, and iu the eve
ning at tbe Lnbor Temple.
Metal Trades Council Decides to Take Action
on Subject
Executive Committee Will
Conduct Investigation
In All Yards
Thnt sanitary conditions iu all shipyards in this vicinity are very bad, is
thc report which bus been general during the past few weeks, and the Motul
Trades Couneil at its meeting Wednesday night decided to have a complete
Investigation*, The executive committee was Instructed to undertake this.
Some time ago it was reported that con.
ditions in North Vancouver yards wore
good. These yards, as well (IS the others,
are guid to bc very Insanitary, as a
matter of fact.
Midgley at Britannia
Victor It. Midgley, A. P. of L, candidate f»r the federal houso, will address u meeting at Hritnnnia on Saturday night. All arrangements havo
been completed. He will return to
Vancouver on Monday.
Said to Violate Payday Law
Reports from Union Dny are to the
offect that the Robert Dollar I.umber
company, in spite of the law requiring
a payday twice a month, continues to
pay monthly.
Waitresses's Strike Fund
Additional amounts subscribed to the
Waitresses1 Btrike fund: Blacksmiths
(second donation), $22.10; Motion Picture Operators, $4.36] Boot nnd Shoe
Workers, *10.
hard labor in the penitentiary, that
noble institution that has stood forth
as a veritable beacon of light nil down
through the nges as the supremo attainment in Bpirilual, moral, ethical
and cultural excellence, that it is possible for a slave civilisation to achieve.
And whilo Duncan Kerr is hold in confinement in order that the law of the
jungle mny be appoased, tbo greetings
of every lover of democracy and disciple of human liberty will bo extended to him in fraternal regard unit comradeship. Ere his two years nro up,
may the cringing slaves outside of the
penitentiary be pushed so hard ngninst
the wall of misery, I but they will bo
compelled tu develop at least'the rudiments of a backbone, n thing that is
not yet known to their anatomy.
Word Has Been Eeccivod of Acceptance
of Now Wage Scale
At tlio shipyards of J, Coughlan &
Sons, yostorday, a notice wiih posted
that thc buck pav. iu accordance with
(lie agreement which wnH mndo retro*
active to (let. 27, will bo paid neit
payday. The Metal Trades Council at
ltd meeting Wedneaday night was In*
funned Hint the Munitions Bonrd had
formally accepted the new agreement.
■B   If you don't vote for liborty
you mny hnve lo flght for it.
Major Cooper's Wur Record
a Subject of Interest to  i
Working Men
Cooper Was One of Oficers
of MiHtiaWhkh "Stop-
pressed" Miners
A well-attended aid snthaaiutie
meeting greeted tbe candidate fer Vancouver South ob Wedneaday evening tt
the Oddfellows hall, comer tf Mail
street and Thirtieth' tvenae, the ftt-
tue of the meeting being tht vttt tf
confidence ia the catdidate moved by
Mr. Bankin, t printer. "1 bnt lb-
agreed with Hr. MeVety oa feasibly
more questions thta anyone elte," nid
Mr. Bankin in introducing bit ssttioh.
"But I think," he tontlaned, "thtt
the timt hu arrived for the wtlhint-
men of thlt constituency to rtjeet tit
candidates who have been selected by '
the old parties in this campaign tnd
to vote solid for the return tf tht
Ltbor candidate." Ur. Bankin said
that he had two brothers overseas; hit
father was t Crimean veteran, and he
himself would be at the front had hit
physical condition permitted. He wu '
In favor of conscription, not of men
only, but of overy resource of the country.
Oeo. Peebles, the chairman, introduced Victor B. Midgley, Labor candidato in Burrard, who dealt with the
issues of the catopaiga, mentioning tht
undying love of the Liberals for Labor
and suggesting that the »5 poll ten
was probably one of their methods tf
eipressing it. Under the Conservative
govornment it had tahen a ten-yeara
tight to have a three-dollar tu removed,
but the Brewster government, of whieh
Messrs. Donnelly nnd Charles MeDon-
ald were strong supporters, had tt onee
reimposed the tu, Increasing tht
amount to oi per year. The liberal
party could have best shown ita sap-
port of Labor by keeping its candidates
out of the field.
Miss Outterldge, in a fighting speech,
addressod to the women who formed t
large portion of the audience, and
pointed out that thoir interests would
be best protected by supporting tbt
candidate of the class to whieh they
themselves belonged, rather Uaa thoee
who, for the purposes of the election,
were wrapping the lag around their
partlea and throatealng that tbe wtr
would be lost unlets Major Cooper was
Mr. MeVety, the candidate for Vancouver South, arrived late and at onee
plunged into the inane*, after apologia*
Ing that, unlike some of the other candidates, he had boen unable to secure
anyone to writo speeches for him.
He showed thnt tho governmont was
ono of "big interests" and that Major
Cooper was in hiB proper element in
supporting those interests in this election as he had in yenrs gone by. "The
major," said Mr. McVety, "is boasting thut ho is running as a soldier, and
his advertising gives the* number of
wars in which he has been engaged.
1 hnve no objection to him receiving
all the erodit he deserves for theso
wars, but I think his natural modesty
should not prevent him giving tho history of the greatest buttle of them—
the war on the miners of Vancouver
Inland, at Nunaimo."
The uso of the militia iu suppressing
the minors.1 strike on Vanoouver Island
had already resulted in tho defeat of
the Bowser government und Major
Cooper, ut that time captain in the
88th regiment of Victoria, had played
nn Important part in defeating tho
miners in thoir effort to secure the enforcement of thc mining regulations.
In reply to tbo probablo argument that
"the major was acting under orders,"
tho speaker said that dozens of working men, members of tho militia, had
been ordered to go to Nanaimo and
thoy had decided to take a chance on
caurt-mnrtiu! rather than assist tho
Mackenzie A Mann interosts to defeat
the miners. The speaker thought thc
major had a colossal nervo to aak for
the voles of the working poople in view
of his record on Vancouver Island.
Mpoukiog of the disturbance nt the
Home Show meeting, Mr. MeVety, referring to the frequent denials of responsibility by Major Cooper, said, "Ho
doth protest too much." "Free speech
is going to be maintained," said the
candidate, "and those responsible for
giving tho soldiers whiskey to induce
them to mnke u disturbance might as
well know that disturbances would be
prevented, if not by renson, then by
force." The Liberals, however, wero
not entitled to any tears or commiseration, as they were receiving the seme
treatment meted out to other speakers
by their adherents iu Eastern Canada.
W. B. Trotter Delivered Addreet to
Memben on Tradee Unionism
Organisation was tho principal topic
of discussion at tho mooting tf tke
Retail Clerks' local last Tuesday nigkt.
President Bruce, who was in the chair,
opening thc hMOtlng by drawing at-
tentioa to thc need of organization and
saying conditions were very favorable
at this time. Present-day conditions
wore driving working men eloeer together, according to W. R. Trotter's
remurks, anil unions were being molded
Into one for tlie preservation ef tho
workers' interests. Trades unionism,
he snid, wns the foundation of all the
good thot had come to the workers.
A large number of new members were
Left for Seattle
W. Hardy, business agent et the
Shipyard Helpers' union, left for Seattlo last night and will attend the north*
west district conncil meoting in Aberdeen. Other members of the local, in*
eluding Bros. Allan, Patterson, McLean
and Summers, will leave later. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY „.....Decomber 7, WIT
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Black and White Hat Store
~WK~BFEOUMZK in riXTB—handle
aothlaf ale*. We're made a close atndr
a( the HAT busineu for many years. We
honestly telle™ that means a great deal
ta our numerous patrons.
13.00 aad ap to le.oo
11.00 te 11.60
(EidBtlre Hatters (ar Hen)
417 Oranrille     Near cor. Hastings
VIOTOBIA, B. O.: 618 View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nor-
Miy, Esquimalt Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F. O.i Greenhouses asd Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Ham-
■ond IT.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
fruit ud Ornamental Trees tnd Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Ont Flowers ud Funeral Emblems
Main Store aad Registered Office:  VANCOUVEB, B. C.
48 Hastings Street Eaat.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Breach Store, Vanoouver—728 OranviUe Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
At an old-time resident tf Burnaby lit knows values tnd every Inch
ot tht dlitrlet.
Agent Equitablo Fire and Marino Insurance Company
Best Estate, Conveyancing, Insurance, Appraiser, Estates Managed
I have tho best eieluslve listings in Burnaby. flood buys for eanh, in
lota, houses and aereage.   All close to car line.
Phone Col. MX JUBILEE, B. 0. P.O. Box 7
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
JUIkHi 1)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Flaying   the  Prussian
Tyranny He Flays
Them All
Will Address Mass-Feting in Interests
of Labor Candidate I. A. Austin
Mias Helena Gutteridge, campaign
manager for the B. C. F. of L. in Vancouver South and Burrard, will address
a mass-meeting at liovclstokc, on Wednesday, Dec, 12, in the interests of I.
A. AuBtin, the Labor nominee for that
constituency. The women of Bevelstoke are urged to hear this address, as
Miss Gutteridgo will have many things
to say of particular interest in this
Elucidates the True Policy
of the Sons of Toil
in All Lands
[The Unit ed States Committed on Public
Information hns secured a cop)' of a Germnn
lenfllet containing Kui'l Mt-bkiucht'it bold
reply to thu Prussian military tribunal which
sent him to prison for attacking Prussian
militarism nnd trying to make Germany
snfo fur democracy, nays Ihe Appeal to
Reason. Tbo leaflet is dated May U, 191S.
It clonrly reveals Liebklieclil's nncompro-
iii is in ^r altitude toward militarism, anil the
koonneHH with which he analyzes the evils
of thia brutal system shows a fearless spokesman of truth nnd nomocracy put out of the
way.    Llebknecbt's communication follows:]
THE RECORD of my deposition in
the proceedings against mc reuiros
the following explanation:
1. The Gorman government is in its
social and historical character an instrument for the crushing down and exploitation of tho laboring classes; at
home and abroad it serves the intorests
of junk oris in, of capitalism and of imperialism.    ,
Tho German governmont is the reckless champion of expansion in world
politics, the most ardent worker in the
competition of armaments, and accordingly one of the most powerful influences in developing the causes of this
presont War.
The German govornment contrived
the war jointly in concert with the Austrian government, nnd so burdened it*
self with the greatest responsibility for
the immediate outbreak of thc war.
Thc German government brought on
the war under cover of deception practiced upon the common people and evon
upon the reichstag (note the suppression of the ultimatum to Belgium, the
Book, thc elimination of thc czar's despatch of July 20, 1914, etc.), and it
sought by wicked means to keep up the
war spirit ahiong tho people.
Tho German govornment wages the
war by mothods which judged oven by
standards till now conventional, aro
monstrous. Note, for example, the sudden attack upon Belgium and Luxemburg—poison gas—since adopted by all
the belligerents, but, most outrageous
of all, the Zeppelin bombings, instituted
with the purpose of annihilating overy
living porson, combatant or non-combatant, over large areas; the submarine
war on commerce, the torpedoing of
the Lusitania, etc., thc system of taking
hostages and levying contributions, especially at the outset in Bolgiuta; the
systematic exnetions from Ukrainian,
Georgian, Courland, Polish, Irish, Mohammedan and other prisoners of war in
thc Gorman prison camps, of treasonable war service and of treasonable espionage for the central powers— tho
contract between Under Socretary of
Stnte Zimmerman nnd Sir Roger Casement in December, 1011, for tho organization, equipment and training of the
"Irish brigade.'' mnde up of imprisoned British soldiers in the Germnn prison cnhips. the attempts under threats
by forced internment to compel enemy
nlien civilians found in Germnny to perform treasonable war service against
their A'n country
knows no law."
etc.    "Necessity
Gompers Plans to Inject Cry
of "Americanism" Into
Labor's Struggles
Much Alarmed Over Radical
Tendencies and Unrest
Throughout Land
Samuel Gompers thoroughly alarmed
at the radical tendencies of American labor and the unrest which is spreading
like wild-fire all over the country, as
evidenced by the great strikes, has decided to throttle all radicalism, says a
Buffalo dispatch to the Seattlo Daily
Call, He realizes that conservatism and
autocracy ln the A. F. of L. Is doomed
unless the rising tide against his tyranny
can be stemmed, so he has cleverly allied
himself with the issue of "Americanism,"
The quiet preparation of this campaign
which has been going on for a week
Ik. looked upon by President Oompers
-us one of the most important developments of thc federations convention.
This plan is expected to smooth out
much of t(ie labor tangle tn government
shipyards, to have a "soothing" effect on
the coal mine situation and, though the
brotherhoods are not afflliated with the
federation, to help put down the strike
and disaffection spirit in the railroad
The outward and visible signs of thin
propaganda will be speechmaklng lnbor
leaders, who will make carefully mapped tours among the different classes of
labor explaining the federafons attitude.
Hfn plan Ir to brand all radicals and
socialists as pro-German agents in thc
employ of the kaiser. The international
presidents who work hnnd in glove with
Gompers will co-operate with him for
the sake of tbeir fabulous salaries which
they receive for stilling strikes and unrest in "their" respective unions.
In addition to this there will be an
army of secret labor agents. Their
task will be to watch their respective
local fields for radicals and socialists,
to keep federation and government officials at Washington informed and to
head off trouble in their local ranks by
weeding out said radicals and throttling
their agitation before they can stir up
serious  trouble,
Gompers wll! assert that nntl-Gomp-
ers forces In the A. V, of L, arc also
anti-Atnrrlran and will in that way crush
all protest against his high-handed autocratic ruling in the federation.
Whether he will bc able tn put through
his little cain6 and prepare American
labor for the government's policy of Industrial conscription and "no-strike" is
a question, but if he does succeed, the
radical portion of ihe A. F. of L. will
probably revolt, and if it does not affiliate wilh the I. W. W., will form a
separate radical organization bused on
the class struggle and pledged to working  class  principles.
Prepared Way for Revolution
The German govornment has, through
the establishment of "martial" law,
greatly increased the politicnl lawlessness and economic exploitation of thc
people; it refuses aU serious political
and social reforms, vrhile it'seeks to
hold the people docile for thc imperialistic wnr policy, through rhetorical
phrases about equal rights of all parties, about alleged discontinuation of
political and social class discriminations
nbout nn alleged new order and direction of affairs, and the like.
The German government -has failed,
ojt of deference to agrarian nnd capitalistic interests, to enre for the economic welfare of the population during
! the war, and so has prepared the way
l for a revolutionary uprising of the peo-
jple and for general distress.
The Germnn government holds fust
even yet to its wnr alms of conquest,
and thereby constitutes the chief obstacle in the wny of immediate peace negotiations upon the fundamental principle of renunciation of annexations nnd
of oil sorts of oppressions. It stifleH
through the maintenance—in itself illegal—of martial law (censorship, etc.),
public knowledge of embarrassing facts
and socialistic criticism of its procedure.
The German government thereby discloses its system of specious legality
nnd shnm nationality ns a system nf
aetual force, of genuine hostility to the
people and of guilty conscience as re-
garns tho masses.
Thc cry "down with the government" brands this entire policy of thc
government nn fatal to the masses.
This indicates further that straggle
of the mnst strenuous character, class
struggle ngninst thc government, is the
duty of every champion of the wolfare
of the proletariat.
The Workers and the War
2. The presont war is not a war for
the protection of national integrity, nor
for the freeing of oppressed poople, nor
for the wolfare of the masses.
It signifies from the standpoint of
tho proletariat the most extreme concentration and oxtcnBion of political
oppression, of economic exploitation, of
militaristic slaughtering of thc working classes, body and soul, for the advantage of capitalism and despotism.
To all this the working classes of all
countries cnn give only one answer: Intensified st niggle—Intoruntional clnss
struggle against the uapitulistic regime
and Ihe ruling classes of all countries
for Ihe abolition of every species of op-
proflsion and exploitation for the termination of war through the institution
of a pence consistent with thespirit of
socialism. In this class struggle the socialist, who knows no country but tho
In tenia tional, m,isl <mm'o to the defense
of everything which he as a socialist is
bound to defend.
Tho cry "down with war" signifies
that I must stand opposed to'the present war, condemning and bating it on
principle, in its historical character, in
its  general   soeial  causes  and specific
Its Enforcement to Be Net
Loss to the British
Sharp Criticism of Stupid
Policy of Reaction
at Ottawa
Origin, in the method of its conduct and
in the purposes for which it is waged.
That cry signifies tho* it is a study incumbent upon every defender of proletarian interests to participate in international class struggle for the ending
of the war.
Socialism Against Militarism
3. As a socialist I am fundamentally
opposed, not only to this present war,
but also to the existing militaristic system, and I havo to tho utmost of my
ability continually urged on tho fight
against militarism as an especially por-
tentious undertaking, a matter of life
and death for the working classes. (Seo
my paper, "Militarism and Anti-Militarism, 1907," international confercucc
nt Stuttgart, 1907, and Copenhagen,
1910). The prosent war is a summons
to maintain tho struggle against militarism with redoubled energy.
4. Since 18S9 the first of May has
boen consecrated to manifestation and
propaganda of the great fundamental
principles of socialism, against all exploitation, oppression and violence, consecrated to propaganda, for the essential solidarity of workers in all lands—
a solidarity which tbe war has not impaired, but strcngthBocd—ngainst fratricidal conflict, for peaco nnd against
The declaration and propaganda nf
these principles is a sacred duty imposed upon all socialists—doubly so during the war. **
5. The policy advocated by mo is
set forth in the pronouncement of thc
international socialist congress hold in
Stuttgart (1907), which bound socialists
of every country—since they have not
prevented the war—to work with all
thoir energies toward its speedy ending,
nnd to take advnntngc of the conditions which havo arisen for hastening
the abolition of the capitalistic order.
Socialism, even to ItB ultimate consequences, is international in spirit. It
imposes upon the socialists of other
countries tho same doty with roferenco
to thoir governmont and ruling classes
that I, with others in Germany, havo
performed with reference to the German government and ruling classos.
Socialism works in the spirit of internationalism in its reciprocal incitement
from country to country of tho class
struggle against war.
"To the Day!"
With others I havo sinco tho beginning of the war, in every possiblo way,
in the most public manner, defended
and upheld this socialistic policy, and I
ani pledgod to it, to the last degree, in
compact with my brother socialists in
other countries.
(I may mention, fer examplo, my
journey to Belgium and Holland in
September, 1014; my Christmas letter
in 1914 to the Labor Lcador, London;
the Swiss convontion, in which, I regret
to say, I vi-as unable to participate personally, boing pyoventod by the superior
powers, etc).
6. This policy, to. .which, cost what
*it may, I Bhall hold fast, is not mino
alone, but is, on the controry, the policy
of nn over-increasing'proportion of the
poople of Gormany and in othor countries, belligerent as well as neutral. It
will soon become, as I hope—and to this
end I am resolved to toil on—the policy
of tbo working class in all countries,
which will then possess the power to
[Manehostcr Guardian]
Conscription hns faced Canada with a
political problem of tho flrst magnitude. The
French-Canadian loathes it, and, unfortunately, he has the profoundost distrust for thoie
who are imposing it u|ion him. Canadian
Statesmanship ever sinco Confederation has
beon lacking In wisdom in its handling of
French-Canadian nationality. Tho French-
Canadian is determined to preserve his language and tho schools whioh are the instrument of French culture. Tho British majority in tho provinces outside Quebec havo
used their voting power to qualify or deny
him this moral right; thoy have not undor-
stood the Banctlty of cultural autonomy. The
French-Canadian, therefore, haB the double
grievance that conscription should be forced
upon him against his will, and that lt should
be forced upon him by political groups who
have harassed French-Canadian nationality.
Under such circumstances, two tests may be
applied to the wisdom of Introducing conscription: Does tho military gain outweigh
tho political Iobb; and, If so, is tbe particular mode adopted, the best that might have
been chosen 1 It Is difficult to understand
why Sir Robert Borden should reject the
proposal for a referendum and yet concede
an "ex post facto" dissolution and election.
If it be right that the people of Canada
should be allowed to pronounce after the
event in the confused fashion permitted by
a general election, their right Ib Infinitely
stronger to pronounce before the event in
the clear, definite fashion of a referendum.
During the debates In the Canadian parliament, the argument against a referendum
waii that it would mean delay in sending
reinforcements to France. But the reinforcements under the conscription law are not
likely to reach France before the next spring
campaign, so that argument lacks reality.
Besides, It would tell equally well against
a genoral election. Sir Robert Borden committed an error in rejecting Sir Wilfrid Lauder's proposal, and tho error is not one
simply of tactics. Nothing could lond bo
strong a moral sanction to onscriptlon as a
decisive populr vote in its favor. On tho
other hand, nothing could ao manifestly justify the government in abandoning conscription as popular pronouncement againBt it.
But is conscription worth, on balance,
what it Is going to cost! Tho conscription
Iaw ainiB at enrolling 100,000 recruits.
Doubtlesa that is a figure of significance to
Canada, but nobody would suggest that It is
of 'decisive importance In a war which has
put into the field somo fifty million men.
Now that the United States Is offering millions of men for the common oause, it can
hardly be said that Canada's additional 100,-
000 would mnke the df (Terence to the Allies
between victory and defeat. Besides, conscription will not give a net 100,000 men.
Voluntary recruiting would still have provided a goodly number if managed with .skill;
and lt haB yet to he proved that the draft
can. be brought Into operation in French
Canada, or that it will not take more men
to enforce the law than it will provide. Thc
military case, therefore, for conscription
could not be called decisive; It was not ono
of those instances in which the safety of
thc state Is In Issuo and' all lesser goods,
however considerable, may bo sacrificed for
It. The political Iosb, on the contrary, docs
threaten to he of tho first order—Immediate
unrest and disturbance, possibly of a grave
character; an abiding sense of grievance,
possibly, an enduring cleavage between
French Canada and British anada. The question Ib not whether the French-Canadian, In
his resistance to conscription, has abstract
right or wrong on his side. The question is
the strictly practical one whether the conscription of the French-Canadian is under
existing conditions expedient. For our part,
we havo no hesitation in saying that from
the Imperial point of view it Is not worth
while, that it would represent not loss, rather
than gain, to tho British commonwealth.
That being so, we hnpo that the wisdom of
Canadian public men wilt be applied beforo
It Is ton late to avert a disaster. If the
whole scheme cannot be abandoned, practical if not very beautiful compromises suggest themselves.
They fit you and satisfy
your idea of what good
clothes and good tailoring
should be.
With wool still soaring in
price the label-in-the-pocket
means the cost of the suit
when the wool was bought
over a year ago.
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
eso ounwin stmt
619 Haatlma Stmt Waat
To Federationist
Pleue remember that ad latter
acknowledgment of subaerlp*
tlon. or renewal, ara made.
Tbe addreea label on yonr
paper earriee the date to which
roar subscription ta paid. If,
after forwarding monlee to this
ofllce, the correct change In
yoar label date In not made.
notify oa at onee. When yoa
hare a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
eend It to this offlce—not to
the other fellow. Thus yon
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vanconver, B, 0.
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Btreet
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
** Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tho North-West Territories
and ta a portion of the Provinoe of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at in annual rental of tl an
aero, Ntt more tban 2,660 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Application for ft lease must be made by
the applicant in person to ths Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by Boctions, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and in nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked oat by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 15 whloh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mlno at the rate
of five eenti per ton.
The penon operating thc mino shall furnish tho Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If tbe
coal mining rights are not being operated,
sueh returni should be furnished at loast
once a rear.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 37 of 46
George V. assented to 12th Jane, 1914.
For full Information application should he
made to the Secretary of tho Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.—88575.
Admiration Cigars Unfair.
For Slle
London, Canada.
D. J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
ana Yukon.
3118 Alberta St.
b. O.
To membera of aar onion In Canada a
apaelal rate for Tha Federationlit ot 11
per rear—If a dnb of 10 or mora la ant
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone us day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404-5*8 Union Station
Tor Hilt by
McNeill, Welch I
Wilson, Ltd.
Pair. 2800       1620 Main Street
Refined Service
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour MSB
. Of America
twrsicwr amot Hwtmimmp itoa
ilk for this Label when purchasing Beer.
Ale or Porter, aa a fnarantoe that It la union
Made. Thla Is onr Label
broak tho imperialistic will of tho ruling classes, and to shape asmay seem
best the rotations and conditions of tho
pooplo for tho universal bonoftt of mankind.
Soldior of the cause.
A Labor Leader's
Message to
, ' Samuel Oompers, president of the 'American Fed
eration ot* Labor, recently addressed an audience of
5000 trades unionists at Toronto on tho issues of
tho day.
!  Read these extracts from his address and remember them on December 17:
"I hold it to be the first duty of
every Canadian to do everything
in his power to unite the people in
winning the war.
"This is war—not play—and
when the government of Canada
has decreed that a certain course
shall be followed, it is the duty of
every man to put that policy in
Burrard .
Vancouver Centre
Vancouver South
. t
N * IAdvt.1 a*——
ornoiAL ram aanma oo*.
diou noEEAiioa or urn
NINTH YEAR.   No. 49
Ci£SSr)     $1.60 PER YEAR
OOME vicious-minded individual
among the sellers of non-union overalls
in B. C. has circulated the .report that this
firm is having trouble with it's all-union
employees in Vancouver. The rumor is
absolutely false ahd merely intended to
hurt our business.
Carhartt Overalls are Union-made
-Made by All-union Employees-
Has had no trouble with the Union
nor will there be any at any time
Confirmation of this statement can be had from any
•f the officials of Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council   or   the   B.   C.   Federation   of  Labor
Hamilton Carhartt
Cotton Mills, Ltd.
We Advise You to
Buy an Extra Pair
Your Size in
Right Away
The price is bound
to go higher very
And we hope this
advice is a real service to you.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one year's subscription to Tbo B„
0. Federationist, will be mailed to any address In Canada for % 10. (Oood anywhere
outside of Vancouver oity.) Order ten today,   tferalt when sold.
Gold for Filling Teeth
fl]   Had I boon writing on thin subject ton yours ngo, the next filling of
importance to amnlgnm us a tooth preserver would have been gold.   Now,
however, gold has taken a third place and silicate fillings certainly come
flj Probably there is no department of dentistry which in the past has
io taxed the energy of thc dentist and the finances of the patient more
than tho gold fillings.
IJ Tho old method was to pack gold foil or pellets mndo of beaten gold
into tho cavity. Gold being a substanco which, wben puro and properly manipulated, welds cold just as iron does hot, and bo i%e dentist
of fifty or ovon ten years ago and many "old-timors" still build up the
teeth or fill up cavities in this slow and tedious way.
% In the past tho ubo of gold was a necessity; it was probably the
beat .material known, and although u shade not in harmony with the
tooth enamel, yet did not discolor, nnd through its recognized beauty and
value, became for a timo almost fashionable ns a covering for or restorations of certain grades of human ivory.
fl|   Through tins fact, gold in bridgework developed much of its popularity, and the gold-fiend dentist still finds in tho covering of teeth with
gold, which should bo filled, certain financial advantages, oven if he by bo
doing sacrifices tho interests of his victimB.
fl    A few yeura ago a now mothod of fllling the teeth with gold wns ap-
plied,, mid today tlio old tedious method of hammering thc gold into the
teeth, pieco by piece, haB been practically eliminated.
<]    The now method consists of making castings usually of pure gold to
fit the cavity or to correctly build up tho tooth. -This casting is then
cemented in and tho surface burnished.   This makes a dense ^and permanent filling.   Gold inlays have, however, no special advantage over the
(modern amalgam in point of shade or durability, and in tho present struggle for existence the advantage is with amalgam among the working
S   There are men in this city working long hours as janitors or in run-
ng elovntors, and many other lines of work, who are compelled to support a family on $(10 per month.   Imagine $5 gold inlays for this man,
wife and children.   So the problem of dentistry is largely economic.
fl]   Read my letter to the editor.
■Would ha not tola (« tha party who, undar tha tela, of "Onion Uta," haa dlanptad tha country; who haa causad rnohltlOD In
auahH' who has flagranti; lnokan lta promlna to lahor; who hu Ul-truted Canada'! civilian aouiari and canHd dissatisfaction In
thaU ranks; who hu anppartad proSUsrs; who haa causad snfforing to soldlars' dapandanta and tho poor hy oiorMtant food priest?
That party li lndasd a ltl.nl of tha Kalurl
Who Is Entitled To Vote
Summary of the Provisions of Dominion Laws
Covering the Coming Election
1. AU enlisted soldiers or sailors,
though under 21 yoars of age, and who*
ther in Canada or overseas, and including Indians, are entitled to tho vote,
This applies only to British subjects.
2. All male British citizens by birth
or naturalization), 21 years or ovor, if
qualified by residence (threo months in
tho constituency and one year in the
province) aro entitled to vote.
To this general rulo there aro four
exceptions. The following persons cannot voto:
(a) Persons bom in enemy countries
or (if their natural, languago is an ono-
my language) born elsowh'ere in Europe,
unless naturalized before March 31,
1902. But any such person can vote if
he has a son or grandson in thc C. E. F.
(b) Persons who apply for exemption from military service on conscientious grounds.
(c) Men who have been convicted
of any offence agninst tho Military Servico act of 1917.
Treaty Indians, in accordance with
Canadian custom and law, nro debarred
from voting.
Females ' ,
Women (in all cbscb British subjects
and qualified as to race and residence
tho same as men) are entitled to vote if
they como within any of tlie following
1, Nurses attached to Canndian or
British army, whothcr under 21 or not,
and whether in Cumid nor overseas.
2. The wives or widows, mothers, all
sisters and all daughters of:
(a) Soldiors, sailors, nurses who
hnvo gpn« overseas (even if since returned) in the Canadian expeditionary
force, or in the naval forces, and
whether dead or alive.
(b) Soldiers, sailors or nurses in tho
British army or in tho naval forces anywhere, and whether dead or alive.
Oet On the Lists
Every elector, male or female, entitled to vote under the law should boo
that his or her name ia on the voters'
There is an enumerator in every polling division in the country.
It is the business of every elector to
see that his name is on the Hat, See
the enumerator for your district and got
on .the Hst at once, Mao give him tho
names of other qualified electors who
might otherwise be overlooked.
On December 2 copies of tho voters'
list, compiled .up to thot date, wero
posted in the nearest post offlce nnd in
one other conspicuous place for inspection. It should bo carefully checked
in order that nameB that should be there
may be added if necessary; and that
names that are thore improperly should
be removed. -
It is provided by the law that each
enumerator shall attach to each of the
two copies posted np by him a written
notice signed by htm designating a
place within the polling division anl a
time where and when electors may conveniently flnd him during at least two
consecutive hours on every day, except
Sunday, of the ten days next bofore
the polling day and at any time while the
poll is open on polling day, and the
enumerator shall attend at the time and
place so designated for at least two con-
secutivo hours on each of Baid ten days
and during the whole period of time
that the poll is open on polling day.
Tho enumerator has tho power to revise his list, adding nnmes which from
presentations made to him by credible
persons he has reasons to think hnve
been wrongfully omitted, or striking out
names which for like reasons he considers should not be included.
No elector is entitled to be on the
list should take it for granted that his
name will be thero as a matter of
Every elector should attend to this
matter himBelfj and not permit thc
wholesale election fraud that ia contemplated by the Borden government.
Trades and Lahor Oouncll.
Friday, December 2, 1892
Tuesday, December 13, 1892
A special meeting of union men was
held in Union hall to consider the presentation of tho labor platform to candidates for municipal honors, and to
deal with the coming municipal elections generally. There wits a largo attendance, when ward committees wero
Chairmen of all committees wero instructed to attend all meetings of tho
tradoB council held till after tho elections,
Dr. Carroll declined nomination for
the mayorty on account of pressure of
business, and a committee nppointed to
tender the nomination to Aid. William
OlympU Cigars Unfair
f Probably thc fact that certain local win-the-clcction patriots
of the "union" government stripe
had advertised for second-hand
underwear to give I'etuvned soldiers accounts for some of thc
things thc returned wage-workers
arc indulging in these days.
f Whether to seek a job, sell
shoe-laces or accept thc alms of
win-the-election "unionist" candidates to break up public meetings. That is the question.
f Evidently some of tjie returned soldiers are still on "active service" and at the bidding
of the military politicians so prolific between Alberni and London,
on thc payroll of the Borden burglars.
f Recruiting officers, $12 per
cloction, $4 per day. Soldiers who
day. Enumerators to win thc
ARE WINNING the war, $1,10 a
day and their dependents left to
live on charity, Hurrah for Borden's bunglers and criminal
_ Ycb, by all means, Stab thc
Food Hogs—in thc back or elsewhere—on Dec. 17.
_ A vote against Borden's candidates is a vote for thc preservation of democracy in Canada, and
a protest against the introduction
of Kaiserism and military despotism.
<J Use the peaceful weapon of
a liberty-loving people on Dec. 17.
Then it will make revolution unnecessary afterwards.
_ A vote againBt Borden's aggregation is a vote in favor of
Canada running its own affairs.
\ ■* SNUFF :')i
' ? * " * t • a a a a •■•*•'.   •:il
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Suits and CoatS
If you are m need of • Coat or Suit,
you really ought to, in all seriousness,
eame in and look over onr atock.
You'll be amazed. You'11 learn that aw
original prices were more than reasonable
and fair.
But to be able to buy these laments
right in the middle of the season at a fifth
and a third less than original pries*, is
where the big surprise awaits you.
Kvery garment man-tailored en the
premises, of the newest fabrics, in the latest modes and colors. '
We welcome your presence whether yen
buy or not. We appreciate your patronage no matter what amount you may wish
to expend.
Opp. Drysdale's
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply of household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use day
or night—you can take prompt action in case of illness or injury. And a little, attention when the first symptom develops
often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See ns. We carry a full line of drags and proprietary medicines, and offer them at the lowest prices.
Vancouver' Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Dru ggists
MS Hastings Bt. W. Fhtnas Bay. 1966 * MM
7 Hutlnga Stmt West Bejrmou 3538
782 GranvUle Btnet Sermonr TOU
8714 Granville Btreet B»y. 8314 ft 17440
418 Msln Street . Sermonr 8033
.  1700 Commercial Drive High. 835 ft 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Some prlcee anl sentce ss
our over our counter)  Addreu 407 Baitings Street West.
Men Who Know Come Here for Shoes
Men who appreciate Good Shoes—thc best of Shoes—come
here for them.
If there arc any better Men's Shoes made than the sort we
sell, we haven't seen them.
Better loathe!1 or better shocmaking were never combined
in Shoes.
Come in and make us prove it.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Have You Read About*Your
Street Railway Service?
Dr. Adam Shortt's report on transportation
should be studied by every citizen of Vancouver.   Note these extracts:
"The central principle on which any adequate street car service is necessarily built
is that of utilizing the greater earning powers of the heavier traffic routes to support,
especially in their initial stages, the outlying routes, with lighter traffic, which, however, will some day come to be first self-
supporting, and later contributors to the
support of newer and still more extended
routes. If, however, anything occurs to dislocate this system, especially in the way of
impairing the revenue upon which It
lives, it inevitably demoralizes the service
for a time, and if peristed in must ultimately lead to the bankruptcy of the corporation,
doubtless after a gradual suspension of the
more unprofitable lines in the outskirts of
the city."
This company hopes that a better understanding of the principles of transportation
as laid out by Dr. Shortt will lead to better
service and more prosperity for Vancouver.
(MSC-tric •—a
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
a. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunamulr St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7-497K
Subscription:  $1.50 por yenr; In Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to anions  subscribing
in   s>   body,   $1.00.
Ntw Weatminster „„.W. Yates, Box 1021
Prlnee Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria.- A. 8. Welle, Box 1588
Hot liisciiiti!
Broud  and   butter,
Moat and potato pic.
Fresh apple sauce.
Coffee  or milk.
"Unity of Labor:  tbe Hop* of tbe World"
FRIDAY Docombor 7, 1917
Bnttih Columbia—
Bait Kootenay—Thomas Biggs.
Weat Kootenay—I. A. Austin.
Nuulino—Joseph Taylor.
Viotorla—A. S. WelU.
VncouTor South-—J. H. McVetar.
Bamrd—V. B. Midgley.
Vancouvor Centre—w.  A.  Prltchard, w-
Baet Calgary—Bot. Wm. Irvine.
Macteod—Steve MarsbaU.
Victoria—J. W. Leedy.
Bew Biver—D. H. Oalbralth.
John Beid, eoolaUit.
Bed Deer—J. B. Knight, soclaliit.
Lefcbrtdge—L. H. Pack.
Medicine Hat—Oeo. Patton, socialist.
i Jaw—James Somerville.
raley—W. Seward.
, City—Aid. A. MacBetb.
Hotth Wianlpeg—B. A. Blfg, M.L.A.
Centre Winnipeg—B. S. Ward.
Brandon—B. J. L. Dinon, socialist.
Port Arthur and Kenora—J. Dunbar..
Welland—J. A. Hughes.
Soatb Waterloo—Thomas HaU.
.   Tett  WiUiam-Bainy   Biver—Aid.   A.
Berth Waterloo—Merryn N. Smith, socialist.
Handltoa Bast—0. J. Halerow.
HaaUltoa West-Walter BoUo.
Weatwortb—T. J. Flatman.
Wait Algoma—James Lockwood.
Weat Toronto—J. W. Brace.
■ail Toronto—John Bin.
Baatt Toronto—D. A. Carey.
Soatk York—J. T. Dona.
Mlplastu—. 8. Harrison.
Soatk Wellington—Lome Cunningham, sociaUst
St. Denis, Montreal—Alphonse VervUle.
St Jamee—B. Perreanlt.
Hockelaga—O. Mattel.
~, A. HaUey. '
WITHOUT ANY intontion upon
their part to bring enlighten-
tnent to tho work-a-day world
in regard to tho superlative excellence
of capitalist production  and  distribution as   a   moans to
A LESSON satisfy   tb-   material
IN OHHAP needs    of    mankind,
FBKDfjfO. the daily -and other
publications of the
ruling class, nevertheless, afford a
. wealth of useful knowledge, if correctly
real betwoen the lines. Of coarse, tho
working people of the world have beon
so long accustomed to eke out an existence by selling thoir labor powor in
tho market for the wherewithal to purchase the things they needs muat have
or perish, that It seems to thom to bc
the only logical and possible way to obtain a living. It seems to them to be perfectly natural and aa though ordained
by the overruling powers of tho universe. If it should porchanco dawn
upon them that thoy aro slavos, and
tut under the pretence of buying thoir
labor power and soiling thehi the food,
etc,, that they require, is disguised all
that there ovor is, was or can he to
honan slavery, thoy might becomo less
tolerant of every Impudent assumption
set forth, by their capitalist masters,
aad far more inclined to think for them*
solvea and pry into the hidden meaning
of all things promulgated, recommended
ahd approvingly set forth by tho ruling
♦        *        *
Ia a recent issue of ono of tho great
* daily molders of public opinion (may
tke good Lord forgive us) thero appeared a breakfast, dinner and supper
menu aa served to the soldiers at Cahip
Dia, N. J. It sooms that the United
Stales governmont allows between 30
and 40 conts per day for the feeding of
each soldier. Upon the day in question
tke coat of feeding was 23 cents por
man. Tke day's menus wore as follows:
BoHed rise and milk. Hot muffins.
fried breakfast baoon    Fried Irish potatoe*.
Bread and butter. Coffee or milk.
Puree of bean soap.
Roast beef.
Btowed kidney beans. Sweet potatoes.
Tapioca pudding.
Bread and butter. Coffee or milk.
It might be added that thc amount
issued to each soldier was only limited
by his appetite. Ho was served with all
ho required to satisfy it. Tho same
three meals cannot bo had in any decent
restaurant in Vancouver for less thau
$1.50, and thc portions served will bc
limited at that. It is true thut the
United States government purchases in
immense quantities and direct from
wholesalers and manufacturers. But in
so doing it only cuts oat the retailors profit.. Its payments still include the proflt of wholesalers, manufacturers and
othor intermediaries between the producers and the consumers. If all of the
profit incidental to the present scheme
of production and distribution was cut
out, it is a safe bet that the cost of
tho aforesaid throe meals would at least
be cut down to 15 routs, and probably
much below that. The difference between that and whar similar fooding
costs tho average family or individual
represents what thb present system
costs its wage slave victims. What is
true of food-is,also, true in regard to
all othor things 'that enter into thc
daily living of the slaves of capitalism.
* ♦        *
li is not the, feeding, clothing and
sheltering of themselves that so taxes
tho strength of the workers as to wear
them out when they should still be in
the very prime of life. 'It is not that,
thnt makes lifo a dull and dreary round
of monotonous toil'and weary drudgery.
It is tho enormous cost of keeping thc
idle useless and parasitic master class,
nnd the upbuilding and maintenance of
its vulgar empiro of industrial, commercial and financial magnificence. It is
tho useless work of tho world tbat constitutes tho burden. To fully BUpply
tho legitimate and'-hoalthy requirements
of all people, in tho way of the really
necessary things to onnble them to live
free, healthful and happy lives, would
require sueh a trifling expenditure of
human energy, it at all intelligently
directed and the parasites of human society were dispensed with, that it would
scarce afford thc necessary cxereiBo to
maintain thc bodily health of thoso who
expendod it. That folly throe-fourths
of the energy of tho working class of
1 today is worse than wasted, in so far
as that working class itself is concerned, is beyond successful contradiction.
The instance relating to the feeding of
men, recorded above, affords a most
striking case in point, and goes far to
provo it. And upon overy hand, and in
every capitalist publication ono enres
to pick up can be found Btill further
evidence in corroboration of the assertion. Every lesson in chenp feeding,
such as thc one referred to, points with
unerring finger at thc terrible cost to
human slaves of the chains that aro
upon their limbs. The slaves—the ox
pfoitod wealth producers of the world-
pay dearly for their enslavement and
for thc pomp, ceremony, bluBter, braggadocio and vulgar magnificence of n
capitalist civilization that is builded
from their swoat and blood.
...December 7, 111?
Well Merited Condemnation
of Mouth Patriots and
Heroes of Noise
The Ottawa Citizen, a fairly road
able and sensible sheet between timos,
but a clumsy conservative booster and
apologist during nn election campaign,
says-that "the coining election is virtually a referendum on the Military
Service act." And we thought, nfter
reading the Citizen and other leading
journals of equal voracity, during recont months, that the people of Canada
wore practically ununimous in their approval of that estimable product of
conservative. high-class statesmanship.
Add now wo aro sore perplexed as to
the why and wherefore of this referendum. Is it not a crying shame to expend several million dollars for "enumerators" and other conservative win-
tho-oleetion gimcracks, right in the
face of .those food conservation and
money-borrowing ci uftidcs that are
made imperative in order that thc nation may stnve off bankruptcy long
onough to either win the war or allow
the other fellow to lose it? Or is tho
most effective way to support our brave
boys at tho front to be found in paving the way to the lunch-counter for
some 20,000 conservative ward-heelers?
The slave receives no payment for
thc service he performs. As ho produces
all tho exchango valuo that is called
into being, it is manifestly impossible
that he receive any payment. Thore is
nothing with which to make payment.
If payment was made, in what eould it
be expressed! A promise to pay is not
payment. It is a delusion nnd a snare,
a thing impossible of redemption, for
the very reason already stated. There
can bo no payment under slnvery. Upon
the side of tho masters it is merely
gotting something for nothing. Upon
that of tho slaves it is the getting of
nothing for something
An Amiable Blockhead and
Other Things That
Infest Canada
[By Rebecca Macintosh]
"Last cull for dinnort Last call for
dinner!" Tho discussion in the smoking compartment, which n moment before had beon a symphony in vociferation, censed. "Diner second car to the
rear," continued ho of the voice, whose
magic hud stilled the tumult, "plenty
of room now gentlemen."
"Come on pard," said one to his travelling companion, "its us for the chuck
wagon,'' then, turning to thc returned
soldier, who had been thc real leader
of the talkfest, he snid: "Better join
our party, son. Wo avo right tickled to
havo met you and to have hoard your
side of this thing."
Thc soldier seemed to hesitate. His
steady eyes rcgardod the faco of the
other with a gaze, in which thero was
naught of insolence, but a plonty of
the swift and accurate appraisal that
one sees oftenest in the eyes of children.
"Thanks," ho replied. "I'm fed up
on this charity stuff I can pay for
what I eat. On that condition I'll join
your party." Tho othor, bowing his
acquiescence, the throe filed out of tho
And thore you have it, ladies and
gentlemen, in a nutshell bo to speak;
and fro'm thc lips of onc who had served
his country on tho fighting front in
France. "I am fed up on this charity
stuff." So say we all of us; evory
damned one of us. Evon unto the smallest of those dumnod, so say wo all.
Whither are we drifting—whence this
interminable orgy of mouching, sponging nnd beggging in the name of, and
for thc "brave boys at tho front!"
During the recent victory Bond campaign, tho amusement going public was
importuned, beaecched and bewillod
with a flood of oratory to show itsolf
worthy of tho bravo lads, '' who today,
tonight, this very minute, are fighting
and dying for domocracy, and for tho
perpetuation of tho conditions that
made Canada possible." (Loud applause). In some of thc oratory there
was much ot* a naivotte that was
charming, indeed; much of that unconscious humor which occasionally will
convert the vilest rhotoric into an intellectual cocktail. For instance: "The
best of us aro on the firing line." "Wo
have sent our noblest sons to help tho
mother country." (Again loud applause
and an occasional wink of tho oye).
And for once in their lives the orntorB
wore right—and candid.
Tho Dominion • troops at the front
need no eulogy from the windbags of
whom wc are afflicted; still less do the
mothers and sisters, swectheurts and
wives of the soldiers require tho services of a ballyhoo to convince them,
or thc public, of the worth of their men
folks. They knew that a long time ago.
What thoy did not know was that thoir
deed of gift to the Umpire in its hour
of peril was to be brandished aloft by
irreverent hands and, drivelled ovor by
loud-mouthed mendicants and potty
politicians in their frantic appeals for
money, for votes und, failing theso, for
applause. The ruling passion, stronger
than even death itself, of small souls,
to shine, if but for one fleeting moment,
and by reflected light.
Thc Canadian soldiers on tho firing
lino have only themselves to blame for
thoir excellence. From nowhere and
from no one in this broad land, except
their family hearths, have they received
aught to lend strength to their arms,
courage to their hearts, that could in
the smallest de^roo claim the beneficence of spontamety. >rom the dugouts
and trenches, from their billets and
from their beds of pain in thc hospitals
they might visualize the homo fireB kept
burning by their womon now become
nlitnoncrs of thc Putriotic Fund and
similar institutions devoted to megalomania nnd the pursuit of uny old thing
from thc elusive, nickel to second hand,
under-clothing. Their plnces in the industries of the country, the fields and
the workshops and in the mines have
been filled for thb most part, by aliens,
many of whom—far too many—ure of
enemy origin or sympathy.
In mnny of the Inrger industrial es
tublishmcnts nnd mining centres it is a
condition precedent to employment thnt
the applicant agrees tn donate one day's
pay per month to ihe Patriotic Fund.
Here is coercion; here in peonage, and
both are repugnant to ui_ spirit of
British institutions. British pride and
British honor. Verily, indeed, and then
some, tlie best have gone In tho front
tn flglil for and if needs be, tlio in order
thnt the social conditions they left
might endure, and to thc end thut their
sacrifices on Ihe nltur of democracy
might be surrendered by u grateful gov-
ornmont to Ihe defilement of a beggar's
paradise. Lazarus himself, riiost illustrious of nil beggars, were he amongst
us todny, would spurn with indignation
tho succor tendered by tho Paul Pry
methods of modern organized charity.
Alas! ho is not here. The poor chap
has loin for nigh on to thirty centuries
in an unmarked grave—somewhere in
Syria or Borneo or Thibet, and nobody
Booms to care 30 cents. (Loud and continued woeping, ploaBO).
Thc cbbc of dependents of the men
overseas and roturned soldiers is, and
should bc u function of the Dominion
government. Canada is a land of
plenty; here there is room enough, and
Sustenance enough for nil. There is not
the dearth. But today Cnnada is shy of
men big enough, bold enough and ro-
BOUtCcfiit enough to take eager nnd intelligent hold of her affairs. Sinco the
outbreak of the war, aside from tho
heads of some of our larger private enterprises, not a single individual in the
public eye hus proved himself equal to
tho occasion. History would hnvo us
believe Hint, given tho need, the right
man would appear. But right now history seems to bo in a rcculcitrunt. mood.
It refuses to repeat. Liko Hiuinnli of
tho old song, there is something thc
mattor with Ft—it never did this beforo.
Somebody hns been monkeying with the
Thero is Borden, nn amiable and complacent blockhead. No doubt ho hns
his gifts.    Leadership, howover, is not
SUNDAY, Dec. 9—Musicians,
Saw Filers Association.
MONDAY, Dec. 10—Boiler Makers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Pattern Makers,
Iron Workers, Amalgamated
Engineera, U. B. Carpenters
No. 617, Street Eailwaymon's
Executive, Brotherhood Locomotive Engineers.
TUESDAY, Dec. 11—Stono Cutters, Pressmen, Barbers, Gas
Workors, Butchers and Meat
Cutters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY Dec. l^-Teams-
tcrs and Chauffeurs, Motal
Trades Couucil, Streot Railwaymen, Stereotypers.
TH URSDAY, Dec. 13—Sheet
Motal Workors, Painters, Machinists No. 182, Shipwrights
and Caulkors.
FRIDAY, Dee. 14—Minimum
Wage League Whist Drive and
Danco, Plumbers, Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgcbuilders,
Shipyard Laborers, Cooks,
Waiters ond Waitresses.,
SATURDAY, Dec. 16—Labor
Party Mass Mooting, Bakers,
Blacksmith, Campaign Com,
one of thom. Laurier is a veteran of
many campaigns. With the yearB of
three score and ten to his credit, ho
may nnd with perfect justice, viow his
advent into the scrap-heap of contented
old age, with the satisfaction of one
who throughout a long and distinguished career was the bearer of a heart
strong to do woll. Today Laurier, shod.
with roller skatos, could attain with
ease eminences that would baffle Borden nnd all hiB peasantry. The presont
premior has been tried aad found
wanting. When real statesmanship was
required of him ho blithely insisted
upon his right to substitute real expediency. In return for the confidence
and trust vested in him by tho people
of this Dominion, he gave abundantly
from his store of that which ho is least
able to spare—hiB wind. In these
strenuous times an awakoncd proletariat
—in overy land—has about as much use
for the professional politician as has a
forty horsepower Bolshevik, for a
grand-yook or a celluloid porcupine for
a bush firo.   Selnh.
* * *
I have intimated that Sir Robert
Bordon is an amiable blockhead. He
is just that—no more and no less. There
will be dissent to this, probably lots of
it; but the affirmation will Iobo nono of
its significance thereby—not oven if the
premier himself denies the soft impeachment, But, of course, he wont do
ny such thing. Indeed he cannot.
Blockheads havo their limitations, exalted ones no less thnn those of tho
common herd, but the nerve to dodgo
compliments is not one of thom. Robert
knows what is a snap, and the compliment herewith tendered is one of no
small magnitude. Again, it is such a
beautiful name for a boy.
No one riot a blockhcnd could so stultify himself in the eyes of hts fellowmen, save in the presence of the most
ruthless conjecture of tho powers of
circumstnnce, as to break his word of
honor, given at a time ond on nn occasion, when a declaration to the contrary was (hot inhibited.
No man not a blockhead, could bo degrade himself ond his party, as to traffic with an opposition, tho members of
which, of his own foreknowledge, he intended to pillory as enemies of tho commonwealth whoBe paid servant ho is, to
tho end thnt, for nearly a year tho Dominion of Canada has been without constitutional government.
No man not a blockhead, could have
nttended tho Imperial conference, visited thc munition works nnd tho industrial activities of Britain at war; the
training camps of the armed forces in
tho British islands and in France; the
trenches and tho cemeteries where his
countrymen fought and died and wore
buried, without in some small measure
taking careful heed of the debt which
civilization owes to labor.
No man not a blockhead could so
scourge himsolf with his own infirmity
ns did Sir Robert when he crossed thc
Atlantic twice, with perfect safety, thc
last time accompanied by thc message
that Canada was in danger.
No mon not a blockhead, could for
ait instant tolerate tho thought that,
tho right wny to preserve tho confidence
of his employer   is   to   allow perfect
Campaign Meetings
Meetings in support of tho candidature of J. H. McVety for Vancouvor
South for tho coming woek will be
Monday, Doc. 10—I. 0. 0. hall,
Eburne. Speakers, J. H. McVety and
E. T. Kingsley.
Tuesday, Dec. 11—Fraser hall, eorner
Forty-eighth and Fraser . avenues.
Speakers, J. H. McVety and E. T.
Wednesday, Dec. 12—Queen Mary
school, West Point Groy. Speakers, J.
H. McVety and others.
Thursday, Dec. 13—Tocumseh school,
Forty-third avenuo and Victoria road,
South Vancouver. Speakers, J, H.
McVety and others.
Meetings in support of tho candidature of V. R. Midgloy for Burrard for
tho coming week will bo hold:  .
Monday, Dec. 10—PreBbytorian
church, WeBt Vancouver. Speakers, V.
R. Midgley and others.
Tuesday, Dec. 11—Old school, corner Nootka and Stratheona.
Wedneaday, Dec. 12— K. P. hall,
North Vancouver. Speakers, V. R.
Midgley and E. T. Kingsley.
Thursday, Dec. 13—Finnish Socioty
hall, Pender and Clinton streets.
Friday, Dec. 14—Bchool house, Rocho
Point, North "Vnncouver. Speakers, V.
R. Midgloy and others.
strangers and his friends   to   monkey
with the cash register.
No man not a perfect blockhead,
could view with perfect oquanimity the
signs of tho limes, not tho least ominous of which is tho one which ordains
that blockheads, bo thoy over so exulted, be kept In cool, dark places.
ThoBO who  feel liko  it  may  help
themselves to the mustard.
*        *    ,   *
In a lottor to the London Times,
commenting on the eminence of resolution in England, Dr. Spooner, the warden of Now College, Oxford, amongst
other things has this to say:
"* * * and the principal danger,
perhaps, is that tho revolutionary workers believo themselves to be supported
by the moro intellectual classes, who
furnish them with arguments and
grounds of discontent ngainst the existing state of things."
The good doctor should never emerge
from the cloistered seclusion of historic
Oxford. He is an anachronism and, as
such is really in great danger of assassination by curio-hunters. Atavism
theso days, unless it provokes to something akin to thc savagery of tho
farmer's wifo, "who cut off their tails
with tho carving knife," to put it
mildly, is silly.
Scholasticism with the arrogance
which its name implies is not an incurable malady. On tho contrary. There
is a cure, an effective and, liko the
doctor himself, a venerable one. During tho French revolution it was freely
applied by the querulous and fretful
for the amelioration of garrulousness
und cognate ailments. Ilistory records
that tho crowned heads of Europe and
many of their friends did not disdain
its use. Mary, Quocn of Ssots, triod it.
at tho earnest solicitation of her friond
Queen Elizubeth, but with unsatisfactory results. A few ill-natured gossips
would have us believe that Bossio was
"lit up" at the time, and gavo Mary
an overdose.
If the good ond oarnest seeker after
knowledge, as typified by Dr. Spooner,
be not ashamed to adopt a suggestion
from ono who is not un intellectual, the
following is humbly and respectfully
Lot some nasty, dirty working mun,
preferably a dock-walloper of ample
proportions, tako you in his brawny
arms away from the comforts which
you now onjoy, and forcibly compel you
to ckc out tho remainder of your life
in his own environment of poverty,
hunger and dirt. Then, when the clock
strikes tho hour, and the mossongor boy
handa you tho wirelcs, "This very
night is thy soul required of thee,"
if you aro still unconvinced of tho justice of the revolutionary attitudo of
tho masses towards the classes, fold
yourself in your filthy shroud, pull on
your cheap woodon overcoat and go to
tho dovil.
In the dread limbo, presided over by
that distinguished individual, you will,
no doubt, lind much squalor and a great
deal of misery. But you will have a
hell of a time finding anything equnlly
as good us thc slums, the workhousoa
and tho prisons, orphanages and homea
for tbe blind, and insane asylums thnt
you left behind you.
It qaaiBbf! rJWU'>u-JE
The Supreme Christmas Gift
No gift ia worthier, greater in intrinsic and lastinu value
%_____£-* - ^W%S|
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Geo. B. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Granville St.
Liberal Candidate
Vancouver South
Labor's Fighting Campaign Fund
Cut out tho abovo; All tn your name and addreu and the amount you are willing
tn contribute to tho campaign fund of tbo H. G, Foderation of Labor, and forward
with enclosure to K. Farm. Pettipiece, Labor Temple, Vanconver, B, 0. The
amounts will he acknowledged from week to week and forwarded «o the B. 0. f. of L.
t n-iis.irer to be lined In securing' the election of Foderation candldatea on Dee, lTtb
to ihe federnl house of commons.    There Ir no time to lose.    Do It today.
Previously acknowledged  	
Uny l»orrltt. Hedley, D. C	
Dan. J. McLeod, Hedley, B. C. ..
,1. B. McDonald, Hedley, B. 0,
Nnrniiit. Tucker,  Hedloy,  B, 0.
Jack MnrrUon,  Hedley,  B;  0. ..
Wm. Simmons, Hedley   "
■Infill  TlmiiuiK.   Hedley,
Mike Iveslch* Hedley
Kod.  Morrison
.... Hedloy, B. C  2.00
John Dubb, Hedloy, 0, C  1.00
I'M  Pearson,  Hedloy,  B,  0  1.00
T.  McPhillipB,  Hedley,   B.  0  1.50
A. ConpernuH,  Hedley, B.  (J  1,00
Kit.   McPhllllps,  Hedley,  B. C  1.00
Thos,  Hobson,  Hedley,   B.  0  1.00
It,  MeDoUgslI-  Hedley,  B. 0  1.00
I'nrl  Kknmn, Rock Bay   a.00
Meetings next wook:
Monday, December Srd, Queen Mary School
4th Ave. and Imperial Stnet.
Monday, December  3rd,  Kitchener  School
24th and Blenheim Street.
Tueaday    December   4th,   Gordon   School,
6Ut Ave. and Knight fcoad. ^
Wednesday,   December   5th,   Laurier   Olub
Main Street and 46th Ave.
Thursday, December oth, Tecumseb School
4srd Ave. and Victoria. h
Friday, December 7th, Shaughnossy School
24th Ave. and Oak Street.
Hemstitch in k,  buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking,  lettering,  plcot edging,  pleat-
ing, niching, embroidery, hemming.
853 OranviUe St. 1319 Douglas St.
Pbone Sey. 3101 Phone 1160
J.   PHILLIPS  *  CO.,  Agents
Phone 8416 1228 Hamilton
Opposite labor Tampla
n  —Headquarters for Libor Men—
Rstes—75c and $1.00 per dsy.
$2.60 per week ind up.
Cat. at BaaaonaH* Kates
Phon, Seymour 7169
Tblrd Floor,  World  Building
—Thp only Union Shop In Vancouver--
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
I. Edward Snn     Offlcs: Ssy. 41M
Barrister., Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
VlMOUTer Ofleo:  616*7  Rogers Bldg.
Assets 173,000,000
Deposlte  64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account iB often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Comer Saltings ud Cambl, Ita,
The Bankof British North America
Established In 1836
Branches throughout  Oauada and  at
 Sayings Department
O. N. STAOEY, Manager
OranviUe and Pender
Don't atow away your spare
cash in any old oorner where it ii
iu danger (rom burglara or Ire.
The Merehanta Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking aervice, whether your ae*
eount is large or small,
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. 0, JOY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital puid.up .
Reserve Funds .
Total Asaots 	
..« 12,011,000
... 14,324,000
... 287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—aay, every payday.' Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal. m^^^^tat^m
..December 7, 1917
Full Value for
Your Money
Just now when the high cost of living figures
so prominently, it) is up to every one to get full
value for money spent.
Notwithstanding the increased price of woollens, we are still giving our customers the same
values as before. Our aim always has been to
give full value and satisfactory service, and we
mean to maintain it.  A trial will convince you.
Suits made on premises by only expert Union
Tailors. We guarantee a perfect fit or money
LADIES' SUITS FROM $32.00 to $46.00.
MEN'S SUITS FROM $30.00 to $45.00.
B. C. Tailoring Co.
Union Shop Established 1910
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are brewed and bottled by union workmen,
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
liberals for Liberty
Major Ramsay
Is a Returned Soldier, and the
Liberal Candidate for
Westminster District
Every Working Man in Westminster District should
Vote for
Major Ramsay
I Advt.]
■ ■_■ ■
It's aomcthing wo usually get
in B. C. ut this timo of year.
Boon your feet dry. Know tho
comfort of being well-shod.
.Equip yourself with a pair of
sturdy,    woathor-proof    SHOES
and you'll put on ond to half
your winter ills.
workmon, tho "LECKIE"
SHOES uro superior in FIT,
DUBABILITY and honost shoe-
making td nny SHOE sold in
local SHOE stores.
Ask your dealer for a pair today.
Cheaper than ever
now sold in donblc-lined weather,
proof bags, which enables ui to
savo 10c on tho container. Wo
givo you tho benefit and offer it
40c per lb.
Better than ever
The Coffeo now conies to your
grocor unground. Ho grinds it
for you whon you buy it. That
menns full freshness and**-flavor.
Your money back if not satisfied.
Empress Coffee
Tfe<e HatreA.
BOBDEN: "Mien Oottl Vat stall I do? I naff Yttmibad. mien, uniform—I luff vitewaahed der pma—I bafl TlMvaibtd —in part
record, but lb la or no use—dor vitewash will not stick. It la nicely mixed, being mostly of mien own party wid a small iprlnulni
of der Liberals (?) (even tboso wbo were disowned by tbelr own party wbosa rtews I could buy.). But "Tbe Day" approaches and
my record Is indelible-   Sbades of Hlmmel!   Bring me der crape for December 17th.
Labor Candidate GivenGood
Hearing and Awakens
Keen Interest
L4DY8MITH, V. I., B. (J.. Dec. 4.—Before a largo meeting, held in tho U. U. W.
of A. hall, Saturday. Joe Taylor. Labor's
standard-bearer, waa given a rousing reception. After a fow brief remarks from the
chairman, who wished to placo himself on
record ns supporting Labor in all Us aspects, also conveying the Idea that the workers will never havo proper representation in
the houses of legislature until they can
select men from their own ranks. He urged
every elector to register hid vote on the 17th
In tho right place.
W. D. Irvine, international board representative of tho U. M. W. of A., was the
flrst speaker to ho called on, and he certainly did not mince matters on the issues
of the day, clearly pointing out the position of the Labor movement and what it is
about to attain if the Indications are any
criterion, lie aliio spoke briefly on the situation from a Labor standpoint on the position of the workers in those countries which
havo overthrown the monarchial systems
which brought forth many rounds of applause. Joe Taylor was then introduced
to his flrttt Ladysmith audience and was
given a rousing reeptlon. Before beginning his address he wished to thank his
audience for the very kind welcome they
had given him, aso the committee that had
worked so hard in arranging and advertising
the meeting, At tlie outset of his address
ho pointed ont very definitely that his platform was anti-conscription, and very impressively conveyed to his hearers that any
other kind of a platform was all rot at
the present time and only meant the retention af the Harden government with all Its
attendant evils, not forgetting to remind his
hearers of the Hoss rifle, and bacon scandals. The Patriotic Fund received some
very severe ertlclsms, he, the speaker, having no hesitation In calling It a charity institution ond that wo were oil tired of being
tagged, and said it was the duty of tlio government to seo that thoso who were left behind while their husbands were doing the
fighting should bn looked after in a way
that didn't look like accepting charity. He
did not forget those "howlers" and flag-
wavers and advocates of the Military Servico act; ho knew some of them personally
and they were either cripples or men too
old to fight, and others whoso place wns in
the fighting line. He Bnid, "Don't forgot,
Indies and gentlemen, thnt those who are
doing tho howling are stiiy-nt-homo tipsters."
(applause)- Ho then pointed out to his
hearers the necessity of boing conversant with
tho workings of tho Dominion elections aet,
lt being the rottcnest piece of legislation
to his knowledge ever Imposed on a people,
and that the Labor party had taken the
trouble to have leaflets printed In a simple
form so tho peoplo would understand tbe
qualifications that entitled them to be placed
on the voters' lists; also slating that those
leaflets would be distributed at this meeting for their convenience. In conclusion, ho
touched briefly on tho Vancouver Island
striko and told his hearers thnt Bowser's
reply to tho miners at that particular timo,
would sink into insignlflcano with the tactics thnt would be employed If tho Borden
outfit was roturned to power, and urged on
his hearers to use their brains on the 17th
of Docemhor. If tho feeling of the meoting
Is any indication as to who will bo elected,
Taylor is a cinch.
Thu chairman thon had tho floor for a
few minutes and told the audlei.ee that it
wai necessary in Labor campaigns to havo
monoy, ns thoir wns no corporation funds to
drnw from, therefore, a collection would be
taken to nssist onr campaign fund, and before calling on tho othor speaker, asked for
volunteers to go round and tako up a collection. After this boing dono, tho chairman
then called on Mr. ,T. II. Hnwihornthwalle
tn address tho meeting. Mr. Hawthornthwalte, on taking the floor, was given a great
reception, owing to tho fact that ho is tho
sotoctlon of tho miners to represent them In
the provincial house at the coming byc-eloc-
tlnn, Owing tn the Into hour, this speaker
had to mako his remarks vory brief, but
he loft no dnubt In tho minds of his hearers
an to whnt platform ho supported,. He
urged that tlie minors got behind his friend
Tnvlnr and return him to Ottawa.
This concluded a vory successful meeting,
and augurs well for Taylor, "Labor's standard-bearer."
Outlook Is Good for Election
of Wells in the City
of Victoria
VIOTOBIA, B. C, Dec. 4.—The campaign committee of the B. C. F. of L.,
having for ita aim the election of Candidato A. S. Wells, sccrotary-trcaaurer
of the B. O. F. of L., is to be congratulated upon its good work. The members, every one of them workerB, gathered from the various local unions, are
in curliest and whatever tho result may
bo on Doc. 17, there can be no compliant that the committee did not do its
devices, in some instances being denied
admittance to meetings as, for instance,
in tho case of Dr. Tolmie, whom the M.
T. C. refused to hear. These lawyer-
politicians, like Stuart Henderson, who
consistently ignore all working class
movements, have suddenly discovered
that they possess a great love for the
working class.
We are afflicted with a few jellyfish
and decoy ducks like John Day and
Dakers, whose policy can best be described as the man who exclaimed,
"Theso, gentlemen, are my principles;
if you do not like them, I will change
Meetings .organized for the next few
days are as follows: Friday, moss meet*
ing. Labor Temple; Saturday, Semple's
hall, Victoria West; Monday, meeting
in Saanich; Wednesday, masB meeting
in Victoria, hall to be arranged for;
Friday, full committee meeting; Saturday, Princess theatre.
Meetings are being arranged for
overy day from now till election.
"It is the citisen's duty to obey the law
until It Ib repealed or declared unconstitutional. But he has the Inallenble right to
light wbat be dooms an obnoxious lav or
wrong policy In the courts and at the ballot
box."—Senator LaPollctte.
B. O. F. of L. Campaign Headquarters ln Victoria
full duty. The local unionB, in addition
to Bonding delegatea to serve on the
campaign committeo, havo contributed
liberally to tho campaign fund and tho
following organizations havo endorsed
tho candiduturo of Labor's candidato:
Amalgamated Carpentera, Brothorhood
of Carpenters, Machinists, Boilermakers, Street Railway Employees, Shipyard Laborers, Ruilway Carmen, Painters, Trades and Labor council, Long-
shoremen, in nil representing a member*
ship of some 2000.
Splendid Meetings
Our meetings have boen altogother
successful. Tho effective work of E. T.
Kingsley, during tho two visits bo made
hore, haa certainly proved a mental
awakening for many who hnd lethargic
tendencies, resulting, too, iu tho dispelling of many illusions hitherto existent
in this city. Public sentiment is veering round und tho opposition to tho
"union" governmont iB becoming moro
pronounced daily.
Meetinga thus far held havo boon
very unanimous und so truo is that,
thnt not evon u question hns been uaked.
This is considered remarkable nnd aa
showing the cltttngo that litis taken
place in public sentiment during nino
months. Last Fcbrutiry, a meeting regarding the Nntionnl Bervico was pro-
vented, all kinds of thrents boing indulged in nt that timo. Tho change of
public sentiment is vory noticeable.
Ono of the features of tho prosont
contest is tho old ono of reactionary
candidates discovering tho existence of
working elnas organizntion and seeking
Bupport. But this time it ia found that
the membership iB nuot deceived by any
Not*.*8..d lUUine,   ft. IM
Sunmeld lUlslns, 0 Bi. ... Mc
Orang. ud Lemon Peel, ft. —. Seo
Shelled Almonds,  tt. ....._ Me
Sidled Welnnts, »  Me
Dcsseeeted Oocoinot,   tt. _  SOe
hatee Prunes, lb. —-.- lSe
Canadian Cbeese, >*~
Mine. Heel, a Bs. lor .-— Me
Finest Mo. 1 Albert* Better, 1 tt..
lor  _._ . _.. Me
Albert* Special Bitter, I ttl. tSM
Finest Pin Urd, 0 tba. tn — Me
Sleter'e Tee, lb  , -. Me
IU HaiUnge It BMt    B«7. SSW
830 OtUTllI* St.      Sty. Mt
Sill Mala Stntt   rait. IMS
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Pint Creamy Lattat
and Data Not Dry oa tk* rata
"Witcli Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In BriUBb Columbia
lbe Orlaf Exterminator
•1.000,000 Worth of Baal
In Oood Condition at Ms
Bargain Prlcea
Don't Mlas tkis Onu Com*
BayOoUlnau "Inttk"
Meet-lie, SOe, Me
It'a All Nest Waak
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 HartlngB Itreet Weit
wm or memm ie
.in "On Guard"
nan btlvutbi ta*
Metmee Prlcee,   ue, 10c, SOe. SSe.
Inalas Meet,   150, SOe, 40e, SSe, SSe
'otols or man"
dobalas sums
8:30,7 and »     Oen. Adm. 16c and SOe
Tbey ire the Snect bit of workmen-
hip In tbe blerele world; 8 different
model, ln. variety df colon.
Pricei from Mi.SO te ISS.M, ea
eety payment. If desired.
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
SIS How. St.    «H HeeMne Bt w.
Should be in the home of
every man—
—Pbone Fairmont S6S4—
Labor Temple Preea    lex. 44W
The Federatlonist Is on a.le in
Vnncoofer st the following new*
134 nestings Street Esst
Foot Granville Street
Oorner Hutlngi end Colombia
42! Bichards Street
Thoee Harmony Boy.
Violin Vigtnwo
Singing, Talking, Dancing
Dreaden China Painting
Feature Pictures
15c and 20c
Children—Always Sc
The National Non-partisan Magna eaa me
a few good union men es organisers.    Oood
pax, steady work and a chance to help la e
real light for induitrlal and politlcel democracy.   We will train you for the agrleiltaral
work—your knowledge of the industrial add
wlU be invaluable.   Write for pertlealere le
The  Educational  Department,
OlUUau Block,
St. Fail,   Minn.
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
Hat Manufacturers
(Bot. Hustings and Cordova SU.)
As Xmas Draws Near
The Stately Enterprise
Home comforts naturally predominate the minds of
all people. Let this year be the best of all for real
comfort. Discard the old style and troublesome kitchen stove and brighten the home with the new—
the economical—THE
Stately "Enterprise" Range
Where the Enterprise goes in, cooking troubles go
out. It has stood the test of over 35 years in Canada *
because it gives satisfaction to those who demand
the best.
Visit our elunvrooni.H without fail.   Wc curry tho largest variety of
Ranges, Hoaters nnd Furnaces in Hritish Columbin
Pacific Stove and Furnace Co.
We allow a good price for your old stove in exchange
Christmas Cards
That Express Your
It would bc a dull world if all people thought, acted and spoke
alike. But it is not a dull world, and as opinions differ so do
tastes, especially in Christmas cards. It is this condition we
have had to consider when making provision for this section of
our business.
Cards of plain but stylish design. Cards with snappy design.
Cards with snappy sentiments which express in a brief sentence
just the thought you wish to convey. Also cards of elaborate
design with sentiments inscribed therein which one fellow
could only send to one girl.   Oh, yes; we have that kind!
PRICES—Two for five cents; three for ten cents; five cents;
seven cents; twenty cents; twenty-five oenta np to seventy
BOXED CARDS—Twenty-five cents; fifty oenta np to One
Dollar a box. Containing from four, six, eight, ten or twelve
cards to a box, according to the style of oard used.
LOOAL VIEW CARDS—Five centa, ten oenta, fifteen cents
SENTIMENTAL CARDS (boxed singly) — Thirty-five oenta,
fifty centa and seventy-five centa eaoh.
(Out-of-town cuatomere will greatly help when sending orders by itating
olearly the nature of cards they desire, especially as regards greeting
aad whether plain or fancy design is required. Special attention ie
given to orders for Christmas cards and there need be no fear as to the
The Sign
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
WILL soon be here.   The
firBt essential is GOOD FLOUR.
Don't start in till   you've   stocfed
IT'S thc logical FLOUR for your Christmas
fact. Lot there be everything your heart desires.
USE this choice FLOUR, made from the
finest Canadian Wheat under conditions that
ensure absolute wholesomeness and purity.
SOLD to you under a strict money-back
guarantee.   Look for thc "Circle(V" on every
- sack.
Home-made Bread, Buns,
Biscuits, etc.
The housowife who uses "EOYAL STAN-
DABD" FLOUB, for hor brood, bans, biscuits, etc., will never go back to any other
Another renson why "BOYAL 8TAN-
DABD" appeals to'her is that it ia tallied in
British Columbia by British Columbia labor.
This is tho trade mark—
tho circlo V stamped on the
Backs of all Royal Standard
If you are guided by Mr. SHAW you
car now
Don't wait—tar jour baby ut now and
nakn nun- lt will ba In the home for Xtnaa
—SUprlM molhor and baby—provide the
Uttle one with a comfortable carriage that
will prove safe and trustworthy as long •■
he'll want it.
DOLLS' CARH, big uiortmont from $3.96
—catalogue! are free—writ* for jouri.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(tt. 8. Shaw fe Co.)
(04 BOBSON ST.    ' Opp. Court Houee
PBIDAY..—.„ December 7, 1»17
Lord Lansdowne Squeals
Editor B. C. Federation!^: Lord Lans
downe desires peace before tho "prolongation of the war leads to the ruin of tho civilized world." His lordship has never before
been suspected of snch pacifist and lamb-
like propensities and his pleading has raised
much turmoil in the breasts of the mighty.
But if we common plugs arc to properly
understand his lordship's meaning it is essential tbat we flrst ascertain whnt he means
by the word "civilised."
Lord Lansdowne Is a tory of tbe old reactionary school. He was the renowned
leader ef all tbo English lords in their fkht
to retain the autocratic power to veto tny
legislation passed by the British house of
commons. Therefore, it Is clear that his
lordship is a staunch supporter nnd advo-
ate of the caste principle. In other words,
he believes in tho exploitation of (lie masseB
for the sole benefit and enrichment of the
classes. So It Is obvious that the form of
civilisation he desires to save would primarily include the same sordid exploitation of
the English working class which him kept
ono-thlrd of their number on tho verge of
starvation and secured to the plutocracy and
aristocracy tho ownership and enjoyment of
fabulous wealth. If we understand his lordship's meaning, lt Is that ho fears a prolongation of the war will entirely eradicate
that hlghiy-deslrable condition—which knowledge, coming from such a renowned Intellect, might well induce all humanitarians to
assume a sudden lust for more war.
His lordship enjoys the ownership of-vast
wealth and la the recognised leader of the
British princes of class and commerce. Can
it be that the recent happenings in Russia
fill his lordship with such dire apprehensions that he so quickly forgets all about
tba Belgian atrocities and punishing the
wicked Hunt
If we understand his lordship's point of
view, he would regard the Russian democracy as a far greater peril than the German
autocracy—and, Indeed, it has been very
noticeable that the capsitalist press baa recently heaped so much abuse upon the Russian democracy as almost to make the German autocracy look attractive • by comparison.
Perhaps Lord Lansdowne fears that a prolongation of the war will so ruin the "civilised" world aa to make it actually become
"safe for democracy"—so safe as to be uncomfortable to tome who have so glibly used
the phrase.
At ita commencement, the average man
regarded this war as a contest between democracy and autocracy. But it now seems
that the war has gone beyond the control
of phrases and Its aspect and purpose is
gradually changing. And as the vast contest proceeds, Ft slowly evolves from a war
of nations to a vaat aoclal upheaval, ana
although It has so far retained the form of
one group of nations fighting another group,
yet the original motivea are gradually losing
their force and national hatred is slowly
dying. The war goes on with added ferocity, yet Its driving force seems to change
and it becomes less like a war of nationalities and more like the mighty expression of
a semi-conscious protest against all forms of
tyranny. Perhaps Lord Lansdowne—who is
somewhat of a psychologist—has observed
this change and maybe that is why this old
war-dog gives such lamb-like bleats for
peace. Anyway, It's a safe bet that in advocating an early peace, his lordship—whose
Intellect and discernment are beyond question—actually expresses wbat la to the very
beat interests of his class, and, incidentally,
what is to the worst interests of the working class. Therefore, whatever misgivings
we may have felt at our previous support
ot the war, we shall feel them no longer.
Hii lordship has spoken and put us wise, and
from now on, we vigorously and enthusiastically support the war, believing that its
consummation will be the ruin of the Lans-
down form of civilisation. And we gain
comfort In the thought that the world's proletariat will not have bled each otber In
vain if auch a supreme reward Is *&«m.
responsible for the laws which allow auch
niggardly treatment to our soldiers, safely
stowed away at home, and their victims of
political injustice having to bo supplied witb
food by mall, supplied from the meagre pay
of tho private in tho ranks. Many men were
deemed slackers because thoy wero slow to
volunteer for sorvico. ln faco of predominating conditions, were they entirely to blame
when, as married men, many saw the awful
injustice meted out to those whom already
sacrificed their kith and kin ( So muoh has
beon said regarding the unsatisfactory state
of affairs, and hoping that many a soldier's
wife (of the working-cluss) may see her way
clear to vote, I will briefly outline what I
trust is a logical line of action for women
to consider:
Organization of women workers is essential
for tlieir own material advantage in combating tho problems which havo arisen, and
which will furthor nrise, and effect women.
A vote cast for the Labor candidates at tho
eloction Is the first necessary move. And
trusting that a good number will be returned
to the Ottawa legislature the women must
noxt get together. Those in employment in
industries and replacing men, must remember
that to work for less than thoj men Is only
helping' to lower the standard of living for
thoso men returned from the front. A woman,
taking perhaps her husband's place while he
is at the front, is only logical In her position while she accepts not less than the remuneration paid  to  her husband  befori   *
Organisation In Labor unions is essen-
-for a clear understanding of your posl-
able to back- up your
self part
An Election Appeal to Woman
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Womon today
are playing a great part in affairs relating
to war. Only since the latter stages of this
conflict In Europe, have they as women been
tolerated as such by conservative opinion.
The common jail was the only place thought
fit for them when, as suffragettes, they demanded to be recognised as citlsens on the
same terms as men. But developments arising from the war bave placed women in the
position that tbey can be of great use to
those whom think fit to steal an advantage
for political purposes. The present Borden
Conservative government Is graciously and
half-heartedly giving a privileged few the
chance to use the franchise, thus showing
that the rlghta of women as a whole are not
yet recognized by those In tower—or the
privilege would be granted to women In all
stations of life on the same terms as men.
Tho question Ib, for the women to ask themselves: Can they trust to thc promises of a
government which dares not recognise thorn
as a whole! Are they willing to be made
use of for political purposes, on surveying
the fact that the Conservative party was the
JTcatest opponent of the woman's franchise
n the past I Labor haB been amongst the
flrst to recognise the right of womon to the
franchise. The woman with a husband or
son sacrificed to war has much to consider,
and no deep thinking Is necessary to the
average woman of intelligence, to sec where
her interest lies. By all mean* claim the
right to voto, and use it. Let us consider 4
few points which may holp in deciding where
to place that vote: The Conservative Borden
government desires you to give sympathetic
support to the victory loan. Advertisements
suggest that your money put up on a bond
Is a means of ensuring a speedy return to
fow of those who are near and ocar to you.
f money Ib a means to that end, why has
not the government commandeered tho flnan-
es of tho country, as well as our bodit>s,
Instead of soliciting the wage-workers of the
country on such a feeble plea that, by so
subscribing, wo shall hasten tho return of
tho boys at the front? If money will bring
them out of hell, thon let us insist that those
who possess it, and derived it from tho dependents of thoso at the front, ho made to
part with It and get their own bodies Into
the danger-zone—fit or unfit—giving each
man a task suitable to bin physical condition. But Bee to It that all proved grafters
are on the firing-line, and thus ensure a
speedy termination to tho whole business of
humbug and hypocrisy. Whnt do women
think of mon as enumerators for a political
Karty, at several-dollars a day, whilo your
usbands are facing death at $1.10 a dayt
What do they think of tho invitation to
economise and conserve tho food supply, while
privileged food-grafters, away from tho flr-
Ing-llne, aro conserving food In old storage
and marketing It at nigh prices that tbey
may make proflt—while soldiers' dependents
do the paying and endure the loss of thoso
near and dear to them, and are made recipients of street-corner begging, and passing-
round-thc-hat    schemes which are an insult
servico will then __
vote at the election, by making yoursel
of tho industrial demands for better conditions of life for yourself and those In the
country's service, A Labor loader with a
conscience above pelf and place will not be
slow to work honestly and to good purpose
for those who placed their trust in him,
once he sees he has a good live organization
behind him. Should this be clear to you,
then ask yourselves, when giving thought to
the opposition, candidates:What power have
you to hold them to their spicy promises,
once elected t Labor Is a factor worthy of
consideration, since Intelligent organisation
of men nd women together, can sweep the
wholo universe of graft and humbug once
putting it* energies to that purpose. An
event of serious import to women Is the
coming shortage of laW aince a draining of
the male population of the country for war
service plaees further responsibilities on the
women. As the casualty list grows, and
men are commandeered wholesale, labor must
function, and should women not be sufficiently skilled or sufficient in numbers, then there
are oulj the Orientals and blacks left. How
many women know the status of woman In
tho Orientt Those that do: Would you
relish those conditions here) If Orientals
are the only alternative, thon they must come
here either as citizens or as indentured
laborers. As citizens, their function as such
would cause complications with the boys
when they return from the front to find
they have a yellow Canada to live in and
compete with. If the Oriental is imported
as Indentured labor, separated from their
home-llfn and womon, what will be the state
of affairs then} Are whito women going to
use their power at this election and tako no
suoh risks, or do you prefer to tako a chanco
and bring ruination upon the country! We
are led to assume that objection to Kaiser
rule Is being fought out In Germany. His
partners In corruption and deceit must be
fought here. Then, rally together with fhe
supporters of Labor on election day, and see
to it that you wipe out tbe whole bunch who
think only a few of you women are fit to
vote at this election. The day la not for distant when returned soldiers aud organized
Labor will see fit to alt in ■ conference, to
mutual advantage, In solving many difficulties which will yet arise concerning the interests of those who return to civilian occupations. So why stand for moro fine political promises, when besides voting for Labor
you can line up with the men aa organized
laborers t Remember, the poorest Labor
"mis"-representative could not do worse for
you than those now In power and who hold
the destiny of those you love, In their hands.
Demand an end to profiteering and charity
humbug, and demand such conditions replace
them that will sow seeds of wisdom, that
may In the distant future combat Influences
which would promote or encourage sueh a
human holocaust of death, misery and devastation, as prevails today.
Vancouver, B. (!.. Dec, 8, 1917.
dial legislation, which Is a hard job against
a class govornment. They aro anti-conscrip-
tionists, unless woalth is conscripted first—
a pretty safo attitude for the conscription of
Labor, because a class government will never
conscript wealth. They may nationalize certain industries, but soino of us realize that
stato and private capitalism are one and the
same, to the working class, and to its class
position. Candidates can do a tremendous
mount of educational work. Down east we
have "conscriptionist Labor" candidates,
and dubious anti-conscription Labor candidates. It Is a tragedy ro think, In thiB
twentieth century whnt men jioso as Labor
candidates. Some of them don't appear to
know anything of industrial evolution, how
wo are here, and how wo are travelling to
the collective ownership of the means of production from class ownership. Some of them
do not appear to know thoro Ib a class struggle. The candidates may bo honest enough,
but no matter how honest, sentiment accomplishes nothing. Only an intelligent
understanding of the workors' class position
can accomplish anything, and in the east
it Ib lacking. It Is up to tho workers to ask
themselves beforo voting upon Labor candidates,* if thoy are worth it. Next comes
the despised and rejected of men, the Socialists, who come before us and say, "If you
understand Socialism, voto for it; if not,
against It." They seem quite independent
about it, too, and this, despite the lying
slanders and sneers of press and pulpit and
would-be socialists. They point out the inevitable class struggle, tne development of
labor-saving machinery, and show tbat Instead ot easing labor, It displaces labor, and
all the benefit accrues to the owners of the
meana of production; and Is it pot truo I
They show tho trend of the means of production- getting into fowor and fewer hands
and eliminating all waste labor and throwing
more men un tlio scrap-heap, and the small
business-man Into the working-class ranks.
Look at tho trusts, and tbe labor-saivng,
scientific method of producing wealth. They
show the causes of panics through overproduction caused by the working clans producing all wealth, and only receiving a small
portion in return, and only being In a position to buy a small portion of the wealth
(boots, foodstuffs, etc.) accumulated. The
owners uso part of It, and find markets
abroad for some; but market* are getting
Iobb in relation to production and so tho factories beconfo glutted—no outlet—so produetion slows up, and men and women are
scrapped, tu starve In the midst of plenty,
all due to the proflt system and class ownership, and those who do the starving are
the Has* which produces all wealth. They
show that those who do not stand for the
abolition of capitalism when In parliament,
are but the executivo of ruling-class interests; and does history not prove it! They
show that tbe only logical solution Is for the
mills, mines, factories, etc., to bo collectively
owned, and goods made for use and not
profit; that "he wbo Bhall not work shall
not eat;" but today it is vice versa. The
socialist position is the only Intelligent position. The press will sneer; but working
men and women, as a trades unionist and as
a socialist, I say study the platform of all
the parties in a fair manner, and use your
franchise for the party you think represents
your Interests most.
.     „ ALEX. LYON.
Toronto, Ont., Nov. 27.
New Teeth
Good Health. Long Life
THE MAN OR WOMAN who has lost one or more
teeth should hare them replaced at once.
will mean expense later.
Attention now by Dr. Lowe
A long term INVESTMENT
DR. LOWE replaces lost,.or missing teeth with teeth
that will in many instances do the work as well
and look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's pricei, value considered, are retsonaWe.
That much-touted builder of cheap
automobiles, Mr. Henry Ford, ono-timc
peace crank and now loud Bhouter for
war, haa offered to build 3000 one-ton
trucks a day, each capable of carrying
eight men and their equipment, for the
United Statea governmont nt shop cost.
"I will tako no profit from anything
produced for any govornment during
the war. I doapise tho profitoer who
makea .money out of war," grandiloquently declarea Mr. Ford. Juat why
it ia lesa reprehensible to got aomething
for nothing out of war production
than it is to get it out of tne production of thinga to be lined for peaceful
purposes, is not made plain. A get-
something-for-nothing pirate looks much
tho same to ua, whether his swag is
gained from war or peace. There may
be a difference, but our sense of discrimination is not sufficiently keen to
be able to dotect it.
Invitation Accepted
Editor 11. C. Fedorationist: We beg to inclose, as an item of possible interest, a copy
of a letter forwarded by ua to Mr. Perrin
and Mr. K. S. Know!ton, empaign manage™
for Messrs. H. H. Stevens and W. W. B.
Mclnnes respectively. We are awaiting their
reply with interest and will bo pleased to
inform you later of thoir acceptance or otherwise. Trusting that this may bo of service,
we  remain,  yours   truly.
A. Mclean,
Campaign   Committee,   Local  Vancouver
No.    I,    Socialist    Party    of    Canada.
Vancouver, B. 0., Nov. 30, 1917.
(Copy)    ,
Dear Sir: Wr, the cnmpalgn committee of
Local Vancouver No.  1,  8. P. of 0.,  would
invite  your  candidate   to   give   a  half-hour
talk on tlie Issues of the present campaign,
at tho Avenue theatre, on Monday, Dec. 10th
at 8 p.m.    We also expect your opponent to
defend his position,  and our candidate,  W.
A. PHtchard,  to  defend  our  position.    We
guarantee you a good hearing, and hope to
hear a reply from you aa soon as possible.
Yours on behalf of tho campaign committee,
(Signed)  A.  McWSAN,
I   Vancouver, B. C, Nov. 30, 1917.
to men who have given up all life's oppor-
tun-ties to Agbt for the country I Can any
sensible woman vote for a government which
tolerates these disgraceful affairs f Our
storei are full of varloua goods which
are suggosted lo you as Just the thing for
the boys at the front. Even empty candy-
tins are displayed for salo. Insect powder
was displayed In one store, with the advertisement: ''Just tho thing for tho boys at
the front." Another atore displayed disinfectant soap, with a cartoon Implying that
a woman could tie It around the neck of a
departing soldier for the front. And all
theso things at a price and proflt ont of the
whole business by storekeepers, seemingly
patriotic, but not beyond making money out
of soldiers' dependents. If the government
can snpply ammunition, aims, meana of
transportation, for the war, then ample clothing, insect powder, apples, candy, tobacco
and locks, and everything for tbe comfort
of those who risk death, should be provided
by the government.   Just Imagine politicians,
Tha Election
Editor B. C. Federationist: An eloction Ib
approaching, and unusual Interest takes placo
In politics. As per usual wo have the old-
party candidates again—tbe "Union" govornment, govornment, and Liberal party's;
and a new brand, calling themselves the
Labor party, and also thp Socialist party.
Each ono Is peddling its wares and soliciting
our votes, so a little survey of them all will
do a little good, The Borden government
has been in power for a few years, and what
has It done for the "dear democracy" It
scorns so interested in nowf What legislation has It made for "dear humanity 1" It
requires no argument to prove they liavo
dono "absolutely nothing" for tbe working
class, but on tho contrary have allowed
boodling to go on wholesale; havo done nothing towards taking over the means of produc'
tlon; have allowed profiteers to make millions out of tho blood-soaked fields of Europo
whilst the workers nre giving their lives;
have passed conscription laws to conscript
.the workers, without taking a vote upon
It, and have closed their ears to the demands for conscripting wealth—nnd this is
tho party that has developed Into the
"union" government of big interests, and
solicits your vote. Aro they worth ltt Next
comes the Liberal party, nnd hear in mind
they held sway beforo tho Bordon outfit,
and whilst In power what did Ihey do for
tho "dear public!" Nothing again; only
legislated for tho ruling class. To get back
Into power, they think their chance Is best
on tho anil-conscription platform, and demand a referendum. Nothing in their platform about ending wage-slavery, nothing In
it to ease the back of Labor, and make lis
lifii easier and happier. Oh, not Are thoy
worth your vote, workers f Next Is the
Labor candidates, and thoy appear mixed up.
Somo good material looms up In tho west, according to somo of the candidates' manifestos
tiublished in The Federatlonist, but downcast
lore, iho Labor party and candidates are a
tragedy. Those in the west stnd for the
abolition of capitalism, according to their
manifesto, and If elected, to try to get reme-
Government implies some ono to gov*
em nnd somo one to be governed. It
ia the abrogation of all democracy, tho
denial of all liborty. Tho moat that the
governed can hope to enjoy under it ia
perhaps & few privileges, that may at
any time be withdrawn by the governing authority. Uuder govornment it is
the hoighth of folly to expect freedom,
for if it to come, government must
first go by the board. The disciple of
liborty hai no other foe to fight except
Remarkable Bargains in High Grade Silks
Chiffon Taffetas, 36 in. Wide, $2.00 Value for $1.49—Theie taffetas eoa*
in all colon, alio blaok, and have already proved their greet popularity. At onr epeeial priee they are a moat unusual l_A Aft
bargain.   Value »2.00, fer  $1.4«F
Cord Velvets, 27 in, Begular 11.00 for 79c—Theae splendid Corduroy
velvets are advancing rapidly iu price and it would lie good economy
to lay in a supply now ut our low price, Shades are black, white, pew.
cardinal, grey, brown, sa», Copenhagen, navy *Tft_
and light navy.   Begular »1.00, forZ...'. * /jfC
. Lining Satin, 24-lnch for 60c.—A plain satin in all shades.
White Habntai, 36 inches Wide, Value 66c for 49c—You will not lad
this value excellend anywhere.   At this price it is one of our greatest
SABA BROS., Limited
Delays are dangerous
—livery day yoi) put off goin£ to tho dentist after a defect has developed in your teoth means piling up trouble for yourself.
It means pain and trouble in the future—it means sure injury to your
goneral health—it means that the trouble will spread to other teeth—it
means thnt your dentist's bill will bc the greater, the longer you wait.
B* wise—come to me as soon as a defect develops—learn just what is
the matter and how lt can best he remedied—learn what tht work wll
Feol perfectly free to consult me about your tooth troubles.
X-Bay films taken It ucu*
■ary; 10-yaar (naxsntstt
Ruminations   aula   oa
phone appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
draws and Bridge Specialist
602 Heatings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Opon Tmsdijs ud Fridays until s p.m.
government.   Tho slnves of civilization I order to gain theiq freedom from the
have no other fortress to conquer in | chains that press so heavily upon them.
True Liberals, Conservatives and Labor Men
Will and have United to form a
Union Government
Union Government Candidate for New
Westminster Federal Riding
t\t)f i*TVC
\wt\ 6v\ot\\cr o^ K»*»
• G*.rV"oot\»
Av*\v\ ui-ufco^moiwy
-. Irtt
Help Co bass
\r\e \itt\e
If you heard Jordan's last lecture, you will appreciate these pictures.   If not, go to the
405 Dunsmuir Street
On Sunday Evening
You will be astonished at the reply to the question
"IS MAN ANELECTRICAL MACHINE?" -'■■w^WW^'   ■■.:■   -'.■■■■       ■■■-M-'^.
-'"       '  ■"■ J-L. ^^^
.. ■-■ s: =-=-.    ,        ,.%:•.•—»
FBIDAT December 7, 1017
The above is a picture of the monument erected to the memory of Joseph Mairs, a miner
who wis "done to detth" at Okalla prison. It will be remembered that Main waa one
if those brave men who in 1912 went on strike at Nanaimo lo protest against the gas, with
vhieh the mines were infested, and also with a view to getting better working conditions.
However, strikes do not appeal to the big mining interests, so the militia waB called over
rom Vancouver and Victoria, in an endeavor to force the minors baek to work. Main
ind some other miners of high principle were thrown into prison. Bven jail could not
orce Mairs into submitting to the will of those whose dictates "must be oboyed," so they
vera compelled to resort to more subtle and fiendish methods.    Mairs was forced to live
r Wk™4 J4*01"' J1!"' S°LtaT,M thom£ealrod offoot' the next Pr°<»" w« to dope his
ood In the endeavor to break ble spirit. They did not accomplish this, but tne poor^rame
was at last exhaustod and Mairs passed away. The monument, erected by his brothor
\\htVb !»." *?.* hero. °a.f. th« M»i>Mt order—a man who would die for his principles and
Coo^iWi*" 'W Wt1''' VMn* •ccu",ion t0 th" Profession., soldie?, Major
PhaftS; wm «Pm,?m. iS.«6f.d»f £?' ' I'™'wh° took up arms against tnelr fellowmen
that the will of tbo big interests might be upheld. A casual glance at tho Dsrsonnel of the
candidate's finance committee will prove conclusively that heBi"still In their employ
'Tou see, my kind of loyalty was loyalty
one's country, not to lti institutions and
flici. holders. The country is the real thing,
he substantial thing, the eternal thing; it
•* the thing to watch over, and care for, and
e loyal to; institutions aro extraneous, they
re its mere clothing, and clothing cnn wear
nt, becomo ragged; cease to be comfortable,
ease to protect the body from winter, disease
nd death.
' 'To be loyal to rags, to shout for rags, to
■orshij. rags, to dlo for rags—that is a loy-
Uy of unreason, it Is pure animal; it be-
angs to monarchy, was invented by nionar-
hy; let monarchy keep It.
"I was from Connecticut, whose constltu-
lon declares 'that all political power Is in
herent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority and
instituted for their benefit, and that they
have at all times an undeniable and indefeasible right to altor tbeir form of governmont in such a manner as they may think
expedient.' '
"Under that gospel, tho citir-m who thinks
he sees that the commonweal Ys political
clothes are worn out, and yt : holds his
peaco and doos not agitate for a lew suit, Is
disloyal; he is a traitor. Thst he may be
the only one who thinks he sees this decay,
loes not excuse him. It Is his duty to agitate
my wny, and it Is the duty of the others to
sole him down If they do not see the matter
ts ho doei."—Prom "A Yankee in King
Arthur's Court," by Mark Twain.
Oarabana Cigars Unfair.
Addressed Big Meeting of
I.B.ofP.,S.&P.M.W.   |
on Sunday Evening      |
POWELL BIVEB, B. 0., Dee. 3.—
Lust night's meeting of local 76, of the
International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sul-.
phite & Paper Mill Workers, was ono
of those occasions which will be remembered here for many months to como,'
More than 300 members were present to '
hear Mr. B. P. Pettipiece, manager of
The Federationist, who, accompanied by
Mrs. Pettipiece, arrived on the Saturday
night boat.
During the afternoon Mr. Pettipieae
was waited on by the exeoutlve committeo of the loeal Paper Makers'
union, with regard to several questions
affecting the interests of their membership. In the evening, he addressed the
larger of the two local unions. In a
stirring and instructive speech of more
than an hour, he merited the enthusiastic reception given him by the membership. One of the immediato results of
Mr. Pettipiece's visit was that the
members of the I. B. of P., B. ft P. W.
decided, over 400 of them, to subscribe
for The Federationist in a body, as the
Paper Makers, 88 of them, had already
W« have affiliated with the B. G.
Federation of Labor, and will surely
havo delegates at the Vancouver eonvention next month.
Big VmlsrilU at ths Orphaum
In the realm of vaudeville, the demand
for "something new" must be satisfied, but
there are certain old favorites who have
grown up wtth this branch of, the theatrical tree and who oan be assured a welcome
wherever they appear. Perhaps the most
prominent of these Is the team of Mclntyre
and Heath, and the news will be appreciated
that they have bean engaged thla season to
mke a complete tour of the Orpheum circuit. They are scheduled to appear here
next week. ***
"Our object shoud be to leave open all
the avenues of truth. As the most effectual
hitherto found has been the press, It is,
therefore, tbe flrst shut op by those who fear
the investigation of their action."—Thomas
Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and claimed ao founder of the Democratic Party.
The Emporium Company, Ltd., whose advertisement appeara fn another column ol
this paper, haa recently been Incorporated.
In an Interview with Mr. A. C. Hall, who Is
one of the parties interested, he stated that
the company was just now in the process of
organisation, that the purpoie of the company was to do a co-operative general mercantile business—in other words, a co-operative departmental store, Mr. HaU stated
that the organizers anticipated the hearty
co-operation of all wage-earners and more
especially of that part of them who wero
organised for the purpose of mutual hotter-
ment. That no matter how much the wage-
earner was able to press wages upward, it
had no economlo offect, as prices were always
soaring in advance of wages; that tho purchasing power of the dollar was so curtailed
that five dollars today would not purchase
more than three dollars would three years
ago.   Ho further stated that it was tho pur-
Cose of the company to Bell to their share-
older* at invoice cm t, plue the actual cost
of handling, and In addition thereto, to sell
to the general public at current prices. He
stated that If people continued to come into
the proposition as rapidly as- they are at
the present time, the company would bo able
to open up some departments about February 1st. ***
New Westminster
Federal Riding
I stand for conscription of manpower to defend our boys at the
front. My son is there.
I stand for conscription of resources, services and wealth, all
war profit: that our soldiers may
receive equal pay with those at
home, and their wives, children
and dependents may receive out
of the treasury of the country
enough to sustain them in comfort. Cut out the pauper Patriotic Fund.
I stand for the American insurance for their boys whereby in
addition to pay, pensions, separation allowances far exceeding
ours, insure the soldiers for $10,-
000, at $6.50 per month.
Let the loud-mouthed life conscriptionist come through and
put up some of the millions made
out of the flesh and blood of our
Watch paper for draft of insurance which, if elected, I shall introduce on behalf of our boys
and their wives and children.
Save Canada from Kaiserism!
Candidate for Comox-Alberni and Vancouver Centre
In this crisis an advocate of every sane and effective means to win the war, but opposed to autocracy
and all that smells of Prussian militarism in Canada
—an uncompromising opponent of profiteers, professional patriots and chocolate soldiers; believes in
paying the soldiers adequately, abolishing the patriotic fund and giving the soldiers' dependents a fixed
and sufficient amount to live on absolutely independent of any offensive charity fund; treating returned soldiers right in the way of suitable pensions and
terms, and cutting out politics, favoritism and snobbery from the army; insists upon conscription of
wealth before conscription of men, and is prepared
to fight to the last ditch against the dragging of
more of our boys to the front until other parts of
Canada have done their duty. Views with alarm
the prospect of our industries closing if 5000 more
working men are forced away, and hates the alternative of the industries being kept going by Asiatics,
who will flourish while our own people perish. Urges
that Canada's best service to the Allies lies in the
direction of growing foodstuffs and building ships,
and believes that if the awful economic conditions
prevailing in Canada are put right, and the men in
the army and returned soldiers are treated right,
that Canada's response to the colors will continue
to be as enthusiastic as ever, without the need of
any medieval press gang methods.
Twenty-one years in public life as member of the
Dominion House, member of Provincial Legislature,
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education,
Governor of the Yukon, and Senior Judge of the
County of Vancouver.
Always a consistent champion of true Democracy,
the rights of the people and a white British Columbia.
Is pledged to adjust the fishermen's grievances,
and expose the workings of the fish monopolies.
Vote for a man who has always lived close to the
people, and in this their greatest fight, is standing
true to democracy and principle.
PBIDAY. Daoembet
Poor Old Unionists Losing
******      ******      ******      ******
Respect As Well As Votes
Major E. C. Cooper ought to be court-
martiallod or have some other military
punishment for tho conduct of convnles-
cont soldiers from his hospital at a political meeting the other night. Being
that the disturbance they raised, and
which Cooper.didn't endeavor to stop,
was against those returned soldiers who
havo boen properly discharged from
the army and are not controlled by it
any longer, Major Cooper no doubt
will be decorated for bravery. A large
proportion of the soldiers, as soon as
they got their release, will immediately
line up againBt tho rotten govornment
at Ottawa. Not a great many are being released lately—for causo. Howover, they are not being herded liko
shoep, tho mnjority are not, and tbey
will not bo voted liko sheep in favor
of a govornment which has consistently
given them and their dependents tho
worst of the bargain ovor since they
donned tbo uniform. Tho disturbance
at tho Horse Show building was inspired by government supporters who relied
for the success-of tho disturbance on
the fact that the men who made it were
returned soldiers, maimed and ill. Had
it not been for the fact that tho mon
wero returned soldiers the whole bunch
may have got their heads punched, if
not worse, judging by the temper of
tho crowd, whieh wae distinctly for
fair play. On tho platform as speakers
were three Liberal candidates, and all
of them were returned soldierB. These
were subjected to the grossest insults
by their comrades who, aa Major Cooper
put it, "had given the Hun a fair
That Major Cooper, as an officor, is
inefficient, was showu by the fact that
ho had not the slightost control over
the men. At any rate, they became
noisier the longer they remained. Major
Proctor, medical officer for this district,
was distinctly worried by reason of the
fact that so much excitement was unquestionably setting back the, convalescence of many of the roturned men,
who came directly down to tho meeting from Major Cooper's hospital—that
is, from Shaughnessy hospital, of which
Major Cooper is tho commanding officer.
Tho attempt to disrupt tho meeting,
though successful in point of noise and
deadening the voicos of the speakers,
was a failjro from every other point of
view. If intended to causo the audi-
once to believe the returned soldiers
wore in favor of tho Borden government, it failed. It failed to carry tho
impression that tho very men who woro
behaving so pitifully while thoir officers
and certain ''unionists," among them
Rev. Principal Vance, howled in groat
gieo, wore evon in fuvor of tho govornment which has given them a dirty
deal. From the standpoint of the returned soldier candidates, and the
standpoint of W. W. B. Mclnnes, the
chiof speaker on tho occasion, the disturbance waB a success. It made thom
votes by the hundreds.
A wholo lot is explained when it is
known thnt Major Cooper is the samo
Major Cooper who is "unionist" candidato in Vancouvor South. Following
the mooting, the automobile which the
"major" uses in his campaigning for
office entered tho Horse Show arena,
and carried the worst crippled of the
roturned soldiers back to the hospital.
Dec. 17, 1917-Stevens Gets His NOT "Over The Top"
Addressing: Meetings Every
Night—Logging Camps
Between Times
NANAIMO, B. C, Doc. 3.—The B.'C.
F. of L. candidate, J. Taylor, addressed
a bumper meeting here last night, having already addressed an afternoon
meeting at South Wellington and a
meeting at Ladysmith the evening before. In fact. Candidate Taylor is the
busiest man on Vancouver Island, and
his chances are improving daily.
Tonight Mr. Taylor will speak at
Colquitsa hall, Garden City. On Sunday,
De%9, he will address a meeting at
Extenaion; on Monday he will hold a
mooting at Saanich. And all the intervening time will be used in visiting the
various logging camps of the district
adjacent to Cowichan Lake.
Vote for Bordon candidates and
police and military supervision of your
liberties. l»
A portion of Taronga Park, where the new
Sydney soo Ib, has been sot apart for the
volunteers who are down from the country to endeavor to break the atrike.
' 'Say, what are these exhibits called 1''
the monkey asked her mate—
"Those bipeds whom the keeper has admitted through the gate*
A longing undeniable tha problem to discuss
Have I—oh, teli me what they are who eome
to live with us!"
"Your question Is a poser, and my answer's
For  I,   likewise,   am  pusiled  much,"   said
Monkey Number Two.
"I've eyed them up, I've eyed them down;
I've viewed them from near and far—
But twist my tall If I can guess what brand
of beasts they are."
Then went  the  apo  inquisitively  behind   a
pile of rocks,
And  put her  questions   to  a seer—to  wit,
The Ancient Fox.
"Ob,  Mister Fox,"  the monkey  asked,   "I
come to learn from you
Particulars concerning theae new tenants of
the Zoo."
The Fox he wunk a knowing wink, peculiarly
a seer's.
"Oh, tbey," he said, "are what are called
the rural volunteers.
And curious folk they    are    at best—the
cussodest of all:
Ood gave them legs—and yet—how strange I
—they each prefer to crawl I
"God gave them eyea wltb which to see;
but bitter facts remind
My comprehension stubbornly that most of
tbem are blind!
Ood gave them eaoh a brain to use—but—
this you wouldn't guess—
They  get  their thinking done for them by
Bulging Belly's Press I
"Ood gave them a backbone eaoh (but right
againat their wish)—
They much prefer to  emulate the spineless
Gad gave them strength with whioh to help
. the weak who call for aid—
It was, I think, the one mistake that ever
Heaven made I"
"I thank you  much,"   the   monkey said.
"I felt most strangely queer—
Aa  though impelled to vomiting whenever
they came near;
It  Isn't fair to our good name,  to either
fox or ape,
So when the night enfolds   the   Zoo   I'm
making my escape!"
—R. J. Cassidy, in "Australian Worker."
Business Men: Do you know The B.
C. Federationist goeB into the hand of
1 men nnd womon who have the money
to spend that goea to make up Vancouver's enormous payrolls f It is read by
the poople who aro intelligent and who
know whero to placo their patronage.
The FederationiBt is their spokesman.
Tnlk to them with advertisement. Pnt-
ronize their paper ond they will patronise you. "f
Grandma Sollloquixes
Editor B. 0. FederationiBt: Seems like the
World Is in a terrible mess, and that I am
responsible for it In some way. I'm all het
up over it, and don't know what to do.
'Pears like thero is something wrong with
their escutchoons and traditions, and they
need Axing. Now, if ray good man has any
of them things, they don't need washin' nor
Howsomcvor, we havo always worked for
more than we got, and don't expect to discontinue, but am not sure what cUo we can
do En putting tho world to rights.
We have often needed more money In the
pay envelope, hut when wo axed the boss for
a lcetle raise, he would clear his throat and
snort a little as if it hurt him to say it.
Then he would tell ub about how just one
person was no more'n a grain o' sand atop
this big earth sallln1 round', and that we
wore being given an un-told-before opportunity to work for humanity, posterity or patriotism.    Seems   'twas  alwaya aome different
thing. Leastwise 'twas never money by
At any rate, wo worked a lot and got but
little. Nov, these 'afore mentioned Institoo-
siona mnst have a*iot of money piled up in
them, 'cause about nine out of ten people
have worked as hard as they could all their
lives, and had to let it all go 'cept a little.
Donations were always expected. There
wbb always something that was good for
everybody and each one was to get some
of whatever it was.
The quarest thing about it aU, when we
got anything (and mostly wben we didn't
get), we had to demonstrate our desire for
it by giving money. It looked stoopld and
mean to bave somebody aways trying to get
that weeny little part of our earnings that
wo were allowed to have so's we could stay
alive to do more work.
To cap the climax, I opened tho door one
day last week, and I'll swan if there wan't
that "unparalleled ferocity" thing that Mr.
Hanna had just finished telling us to look
out for after tbe war, and bere 'twas loose
with no chain on. I was well nigh ready
to drop, being sick anyhow and not very
well braced by tho dish of fog and cup of
hot water for breakfast. This critter wanted
me to pay money and taXe an equivalent,
which would bring a littlo moro money aome
day if tho holder didn't starve to death beforo tbat time.
I aay It's a disgrace to us women that our
ber 4$
Tory Machine Trying To
******     ******     ******      ******
Returned Soldiers' Respej
Every means within the power of the
old Tory ma'chine are being brought
into play to manipulate the returned
soldiers.' One reading the bought and
paid for pross of the city, tho Canadian
Associated Press (subsidized by the
Borden government) and eastern, newspapers, would be led to believe that
the returned soldier iB of a single mind
and in sympathy with tho government
which shod him with brown paper shoes
gave him the worthless Boss riflo, profiteered his clothing till not one suit
in a thousand bore any semblance to
fit, nor kept him dry and warm.
It is quito natural that tho returned
men are not out electioneering for the
Liberal or Labor candidates—though
some of them are—for tho reason that
tho most of them have not yet beon discharged. The are still under military
discipline to a certain degree and still
drawing their pay of $1.10 a day. By
uso of politicians nmong them the gov-,
ernment forces are doing their best to
try and mako tho returned men believe
that the defeat of the crooked Borden
government means the end of Canada's
participation in the war, and the support of tho Canadian soldiors now at
tho front. It is a dirty piece of lying
whieh, by reason of that very fact, is
not accomplishing with the returned
men what it was designed to do.
Tho government forces are playing
on tho weaknes of the roturned men.
They have suffered untold agonies and
hardships. They want to take a big,
long rest now, more than anything else.
And one way of resting from physical
exertion Ib to read. And a lot of the
returned soldiers are reading. They
nre finding out some of tho reasons for
their unnecessary discomforts and the
manner in which their patriotism has
been made use of by speculators under
tbo protection of tho Bordon go
ment to make quick fortunes thr j
the country's misfortunes.
Strenuous offorts, naturally, mut-
made by the governmont which &*
Stovens, S.J.Crowe and Major Co.
are supporting, to turn tho retv
men'B minds away from the dirty .
they have boen given. And the !
deal thoir dependents received duj
their absence.
While the men are Btill used to
cipline, they are as free now as i
other citizen (which isn't, at that, I
ing a great doal in the face of
crooked Elections Act) to do as t
see fit and to exorcise thoir vote wl
it will tell against a government wl
is now trying to use them to help
tho election.
A cortnin class of human reptHi
going about nmong them endeavoring
set up tho feeling that anyone whi
not going to voto for tho miserably
efficient government at Ottawa
against the roturned soldier. In '
they aro not paying any complim
to tho intelligence of the men who h
come back. Theso men are not go
to forget that the government wt
now is making a groat display afa
what it is "going'7 to do for them
tho same govornment that has aire
given them a dirty deal.
Becauso a man has gone to the *
and haB been fortunate enough to
turn alive, is rib reason why he sho
uphold nny government which
givon him the worst of it and ta'
advantage of his patriotism.
Some of the safety-first officers si
to roason it that way, however, i
cannot get over the idea that, too
the men nre amenable to discipline
tho sako of patriotism, they no lon
have to keep on the jump at commi
nor vote at command.
men folks have to go into battle a holdln'
up their traditions. Aftor the billions of
dollars wo have earned and didn't get, an'
now the vile critters tbat have all this money
won't buy buttona to hold up the boys' unmentionables. There's moron tbelr 'scutch-
ions dirty if the people who have this money
can't be made to use it to provent such
crool things. r
It was no - use to come and aak me for
something I didn't have, besides we working people have produced and made all that
Ib on the earth and filled the banks with
monoy, thea some high up official that ought
to know better, sends some whipper-snapper
to got more. Will somebody toll mo why
tbey should expect to get more when they
can't take care of what haB already been
given them, because we weren't allowed to
be burdened with the responsibility of keeping bo much.
From ft grain of sand In Importance, when
we want anything, all to onct we are changed
into a mountain of criminality. Guess it's
intended for a compliment, but it seems liko
impudence and it makes me mad. If the
pilots of the ship of atate aro not capable
of taking care of the money and the products on the earth and keep 'em from rotting
or getting lost, well it's too big a job for
mo, and 1 wash my hands of snch a mess. I
told the man eo, aad he "up and hnd a
fit." In his frothing rage he spluttered out
something about my husband being able to
work and wanted a mortgage on the possibility of his being able to work for this
something that everybody Ib supposed to enjoy thinking about whatever It is. I didn't
want tho neighbors to know that anybody
could take me for such an Imbecile so I closed
the door. It seems to me as if we shall
have to do moro thinking and work to put
somebody in charge of our affairs, that can
keep 'cm straight. Then we won't have ttl
bo paying out so much monoy to buy butt
tons, votes an'  alch like. '
Vancouver, Not. 20, 1917.
Prairie  Unions Prepari
for Bi; Gathering at
The 1018 annual convention of
Alberta Fedoration of Labor will <
vone nt Lothbridge on Jan. 7, am
promises to be one of the biggest *
most representative gatherings of
fircscntatives of organized labor c
leld in the prairio province Mnny
the Alberta unions are already elect
Medicine Hat Typo, union has olec
President G. W. Bisson nnd Secrot
B. W. Bellamy to nttend tho import
sessions   nnticipnted,   because   of
vital issues at stake.
Betail Clerks' Organizer Bn Rout
W. H. Hoop, Winnipeg, organizer
the Retail ClerkB' Association in Vi
em Cnnada, visited Medicine Hat
week en roato weBt.
Royal Crown
Manufactured in
British Columbia
You get QUALITY and QUANTITY Cheaper
Premium Store Open Every Day
from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Royal Crown Premiums
Are Presents Worth While
We have the largest premium store in Western Canada.
Customers who put off redeeming their coupons and wrappers until a
few days prior to Christmas will be disappointed, and will have to choose
from incomplete stocks.
_/ touL youstb Site/
OwhaJc Ownvrv
J*°A~^   aoaja!
Royal Crown
Your Soap wrappers, your Washing Powder wrappers, your Cleanser
wrappers, your Naptha Soap wrappers, your Lye wrappers, etc, etc.
Everything: in our store is FREE for Royal Crown Coupons or for one or
more coupons you can -get any present by paying a small cash difference
—the price will surprise you. You can save money shopping at our store.
Child's Tea Set, Dolls, Picture Blocks and Building Blocks, Picture Books,
Games, Teddy Bears, Mechanical Toys of every kind, Autos, Flying Machines, Footballs, Horns, Boats, Guns, Toy Soldiers, etc., etc. Brassware,
Fancy China, Dinnerware, Cups and Saucers, Crockery, Silverware, Leather Goods, Clocks, Watches, Jewellery, Floor Mops, etc. Also a large
selection of DRAWN THREAD WORK, such as Doilies, Tea Cloths,
Dresser Scrafs, Table Centres, etc.
Do not delay redeeming your coupons or wrappers any later. Our stook is now complete
An early choice will please you better.
SAVE THB COUPONS ON—Royal Crown Soap, Royal Crown Cleanser, Royal Crown
Washing Powder, Royal Crown Naptha Soap, Royal Crown Lye, etc. SAVE THEM
The Royal Crown Soaps Limited
Premium Store        308 GEORGIA STREET EAST, VANCOUVER, B.C.        Premium Store m ,, -#
i   .........     i.i_ni»i<
..December 7, 1917
DINNER SET, S2 Pieces for
"Ye Qld Willow" pattern, printed in a beautiful shade of
light blue on a fine quality of English semi-porcelain of lightweight. The set comprises: 6 dinner plates, 6 soup plates, 6
tea plates, 6 bread and butter plates, 6 fruit saucers, 6 cups
aad saucers, 1 covered vegetable dish, 1 platter, 1 baker, 1
•ream jug, 1 sugar bowl, 1 gravy boat, 1 bowl, 1 pickle tray;
82 pieces for „. $10.25
Salad Bowls and Bakers
40c to 75c Values for
English semi**porcelain of finest quality, in a variety of de-
wrations and sizes.   While they last, each    80<£
No phone orders.
^ Oh^utlSDnsBQuConipani}. m
.  __J        . IWWWIIII   iota      MHMf I svtmtsaa, iwmi WWiuwim ( ^"^  )
Granville and Georgia Streets
Christmas Suggestions
FOR MEN—Dressing Robes, House Coats, Mufflers, Gloves in
kid or mocha silk, wool or fur lined; Handkerchiefs, Fanoy
. Suspenders, Arm Bands and Garters, Umbrellas, Neckwear,
FOR BOYS—House Coats, Dressing Robes, Gloves, Handkerchiefs, Suits and Overcoats in latest raglan and belt makes.
309 to 315 Hasting! Street Weat
Tel, Sey. 702
Canadian Northern Railway
.TO     , |
Telephone Sermonr at—
Above In a reproduction ol somo ot the Asiatic, tnat the Bl« Interests engage in prelyenee to Canadian eltiieoi. There il
reajon." Firstly: the wages of Asiatics are considerably lesi than a white man demands. . Secondly: They will work longer hoera*
Thirdly: They can be disfranchised without »o moen noise helng made. And laat but not least: Baling but a small knowledge of ue
English tongue, they con bo bullied Into every little whim in which their master cares to indulge. Are these the kind of people for
whom Canadians aro spilling their Wood so generouslyl Are those the beings that are going to compete agalnat returnedsoldier. wM
they desire to earn their livelihood. Remember the reaaon why the Japanese battalion was disbanded. The lumber lntereata of this
province mado representations to the government and pleaded that If the Japs went overseas the labor market would be deplete and
they would be compelled to pay higher wages, thereby decreasing their prollts. Moral: Vote for the Labor candidates and a   W|ilte B. O.
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone ih there are all boosters, as
they are making good.   '
If you want .to go back to the land, write
Social Politicians Wave
Trimmed—$1.00 up    |    Velvet—75c per yard
STETT'S 977 Granville Street
Union Jack for Toryism
If the well-to-do women who attended
tho Unionist "masB" meeting at tho
Hotel Vancouvor ballroom last Monday-
night, and' passed resolutions urging
support of thoso candidates, they won't
get very far in the coming election.
The women of the masseB were conspicuous by their absence. It was a splendid millinery and costume gathering.
As one woman remarked after looking
the well-to-do ladies over, "Ono of the
speakers had money enough on her head
and her back to keep our family all
winter." That was quito truo. Tho
same class of women support the Unionists ns men supporters of this lost
The masses arc supporting Liberals
and Labor ia this flght. At neithor tho
men's "mass" meeting for tho Unionists, nor tho women'a t'mass" meetings, are many of the common people
present. The majority is mnde up of
the well-to-do men and women of this
city. Tho hard-working women with
tho large families who have givon most
to the war, and the horny-handed toilers who produce all wealth, were not in
attendance at tho hign social functions
which the Tories presume to call
"mass" meetings.
On tho platform at the \ woman's
meeting were well-known ladies of the
eity, any ono of whom wore clothes
enough to support a whole family a
considerable time. They were lenders
of those social organizations, "Daughters of the Empire," "King's Daughters, " " Women's Canadian Club,'' and
various other sorts of daughters.
But the women who amount to most
in this country, those splendid mothers,
wives, sisters, daughters of the working men who ave employed by the husbands of the ladies of the upper crust,
did not put in an appearance at tho
meeting. Yet it was telegraphed all
ovor Canada thjit a "mass" meeting of
Vancouver women pledged support to
tho Unionist candidate.
There are estimable women in Van
couvor society, of course, but when they
presume to dictate to the common
masses of women, they are presuming
quito too much on their influence. In
this election their influence counts for
nothing. It is a flght of the mothers,
wives, sisters and daughters of the
boya at the front for a fair deal for
themselves while their men are fighting,
and for a better deal for their fighting
mon. All the hectie oratory of MrB.
Fitzgibbou, Mrs. Jonathan Rogers,
Mrs. J. 0. Ferry, Mrs. Macdonald, Mra.
(Bishop) dePencior, and other social
politicians, cannot becloud the iasuo by
shouting for conscription or anything
Like the leading newspapers of the
country, the big soeial push is behind
the rotten Borden government. But
the main argument which the women
of the masses have, and their most important papers, aro tho butchers' and
grocers' bills.
I regard human life as the supremely
sacred thing and believe that if the
state had adopted the policy of conscription of money, industry and national resources, 'there would be absolutely no necessity for the passing and
enforcing of any scheme to conscript
men.—B. A. Bigg, Winnipeg.
War never failed to brutalize every
nation engaged in it.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
0. A. CRYBDALE, Manager for B. 0.
Phone Sey. 6770 for appointment tnd we will arrange tame for yonr
Pocket Billiard
(Brmuwkk-Balke Collender Oo.)
—•HudqnMtori for Union Km—
Union-nud«   ToUccos,   Clears   and'
Only Whllt H«lp Employed
42 Hastings St East
the   mf   xaauB   or   the
If yon sre contemplating new sor-
viM. or making any ekinges io or
additions to /oar preient serrlfe. >h
■hould tend In notlflettlon ln writing,
■ot liter than the above Ute, la order
that roa mar Uke advantage of tke
new directory liitlngs.
Advertiser! will flnd the telephone
directory in excellent medium, covering the whole of the Lower Mainland,
going Into  every offlce aad almost
No Conscription of Wealth—Standing by the Profiteers and
Grafters—Battling for Flavelle and the Pork Barons
Some weeks ago, at a win-the-war meeting, Principal Vance was asked by
by Mr. Sears, "What about the Conscription of Wealth?" and was put put off
with an evasive reply.
Recently the win-the-war unionists have grown bolder and are coming
out straight agalnBt conscription of wealth, and flying to the defence of the
pork barons. They are showing themselvee apt pupils of what Sir Sam Hughes
has dubbed the "National Trust Oovernment."
At Kerrlsdale Hall, Major Cooper is reported aB follows: —
"Referring to the conscription of wealth, Major Cooper said that
he had yet to hear a correct description of 'wealth' and he thought
that so long as tho government was ablo to obtain all the money required to carry on the war there waB no need for conscription of
In other words, get the money In any way you like, but spare the profiteers.
At the opening meeting of Mr. McQuanie's campaign to "wlutlie-war" In
Burnaby, Senator Taylor Is reported as follows: —
"The Senator slated the Liberal candidate, Rev. O. A. McRae, for
his advocacy of conscription of wealth, saying that the country would
not stand fnr It as such a policy waj on a par with that adopted by tho
Germans and the people did not want 'Hun' methods here.
"When asked from the floor of the meeting about Flavelle's profits
Col. Taylor answered that he could not say whether lt was the Intention of the government to endeavor to regain a portion ot the huge
profits made in bacon transactions or not, as the responsibility of Sir
Joseph Flavelle's appointment rettB on the shoulders of the Imperial
government. Speaking for himself he thought that the Canadian farmers reaped as much proflt in proportion as the chairman ot the munitions board, who got three-fifths ot one per cent, per pound on his
Taylor puts the farmer in the same class with Flavelle!
Taylor "slated" the Rev. D. A. McRae for daring to advocate the conacription of wealth..
Taylor listed those who would make the pork barons and profiteers give
up a portion of their ill-gotten millions "Huns," and, therefore, traitors to
On 26th November Uie "Columbia," New Westminster organ ot the Union-
lsts-Borden-Fork Baron Interests, said:—
"Conscription of wealth means the seizure of property wherever
tound, just as conscription of man-power means the taking of men
wherever found. We are satisfied that Canadians do not want that;
but that turning from the* demagogic ranters who demand the impracticable they will approve of the sane course of the government in
taking a liberal proportion of the riches of the community while not
discouraging the thrift that will continue to produce wealth."-
Of course conscription of wealth means nothing of the kind, but It must
he stopped at all hazards.
Even the church Ib being dragged into tho struggle for the pork barons.
In a recent letter to the "World," Bishop Du Vernet of Prince Rupert, whose
vacuous letter displays splendid ignorance of his subject concludes as follows:
* "The insatiable greed for big dividends regardless of the cost In
human blood Is being checked by a reasonable syBtem of taxation, but
If by the popular cry 'conscription of wealth' Is meant the reckless
confiscation of wealth, this will remove capital trom the assistance of
labor and drive tens of thousands of men out of employment."
When has there ever been a Tory cause from the time of the Stuarts up
to date for which an apologist could not be found among the clergy?
These zealous opponents of the conscription of wealth, ln thoir anxiety to*
defend the Borden-Flavelle interests, have made themselves ridiculous. They
apparently do not know that a limited form of conscription of wealth has existed since the beginning ot the war, and that tbe complaints are, flret, that it
lias been too limited and.secondly, that with the introduction of conscription
of manhood, an end is to be put to conscription of wealth.
The Business Profits Tax which has been ln operation Bince 31st December,
1014, will come to an end on 31st December, 1917.
On July 25th, 1917, the date on which Sir Thomas White introduced his
Bill for Income Taxes, he made the announcement In the following words, that
the Business War Tax would come to an end on the 31st day of December, 1917,
and would be replaced by this Income Tax.
"The Houie it aware that the liability to the Buiineu Proflti War
Tax Act of 1916 and the amendment thereto of thlt year, come to an
end on December 31it thlt year, and It It not the intention to renew
thlt measure."   (See Unrevlsed Hansard, July 25th, 1917, page 3916).
What Sir Thomas White's motives are ln bringing into effect a meaaure
to decrease direct taxation at a time when the country is demanding an increase is not known. We give herewith a list of a few of the big manufacturers
of Canada showing what their profits were in 1916 and 1917—the second and
third year's taxation under the Business War Tax, also showing what their
assessment will be under the .Income Tax.
Business  Business    New
COMPANY Capital      Profits    Per      Tax        Tax      Incomo
1916     cent 1st. year 2nd year  Tax
Ford Motor Car Co $5,909,000 13,202,678 64.2 $697,323 $1,782,096 1127,987
Canadian Explosives .... 9,377,000 3,094,410 33. 609,537 1,337,631 123,656
Northern Aluminum Co. 3,860,000 1,636,040 42.2 341,679 822,332 65,566
Nova Scotia Steel  7,687,378 1,487,125 19.34 237,752 320,754 69,365
Canada Forglngs   1,465.526 991,359 68.11 222,368 690,689 39,534
Steel Co. of Canada 13,963,000 2,210.343 15.83 308,240 337.055 88,293
Imperial  Oil Co 27,161,000 4,837,374 17.81 734,046 924,849 193,374
Fairbanks-Morse -' 3,686,500 669,100 18.15 102,748 135,767 26,040
Ogllvle Flour Mills  1,336,040 280,885 63,440
Canada Foundry    .... 653,862 222,368 26,152
Under the War Profits Tax of 1916, the government took 26% of all profits
over 7% on corporation investments. In 1917 the tax was increased to 50% on
all profits over 7%, if the total exceeded 15% and 75% of profits when the total
exceeded 20%,
The same sossion of parliament which saw the Introduction ot conscription
of manhood by enforced enlistment, instead ot leading to,increased conscription of wealth, saw the disappearance of the Business Profits Tax, which has
boen superseded by an Income tax, with the results shown In the tabulated
statement. The discredited government which, without a mandate from the
people, has not hesitated to adopt by closure a form of coercion which has
abolished the laBt vestige of personal liberty haa lightened the load of the
profiteers and Increased the burden of the people.
What are facts? All incomes over $1,500 in the case t>f single men, aid
|3,000 In the case of married men up to $6,000, will pay a Ux of 4 per cent.,
and an Increased graded tax on incomes exceeding $6,000. The profiteer it
placed on the same basis as tho ordinary citizen. The munition speculator,
the food hog, and all whose fortunes flow from the war will not return in proportion a dollar more to the state than the men to whom the war has been a
-flnanclal loss Instead of a road to wealth. And this la the taxation policy
which receives the whole-hearted support ot Senator Taylor, Major Cooper,
Mr. McQuarrle, the "Columbian" and the whole host of Tory heelers disguised
as unionists and win-the-war patriots.
Let us aee what It means from another angle. In Oreat Britain customs
and excise pay 18 per cent, of the revenue, In Canada 94J/j per cent, ln other
words, nearly the whole revenue in Canada is contributed by the common
people, while ln Oreat Britain the Indirect taxation of the people Ib extremely
light. In Great Britain Income and war taxes pay 82 per cent, of the revenue,
while Canada's Business War Tax pays but !>yz per cent, of her revenue, and by
Sir Thomas White's new Incomo tax bill direct taxation will be reduced.
This at a timo when New Zealand taxes excess profits to thc oxtcnt of 45
per cent,, Australia, 65 per cent, and Great Britain levies In income and war
taxes 82 per cent, ot her revenue.
What are the powerful Influences which have shifted the burden of taxes
from the war profiteers and pork barons on to the shoulders of the non*|irofl<
eerlng citizen at tlio very moment when tho government without a mandate of
the people has adopted Its policy of coercion? Why has conscription of wealth
been abolished at the moment when conscription of manhood has been Introduced? Is this a government of tho poople, or the government of millionaires?
their action, backed by the closure, and tho Franchise Act for the purpose ot
defeating public opinion Is sufficient answer.
[Adtl.l PAGE TEN
■raiRAY. December 7, UM|
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STYLES produced
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jpie Emporium Co.
will reduce the cost of living
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T7TTT? Q Special
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Aiik your returned overseas friends (who know best)
their opinion of this candidate.  The answer will be
and one who has fought for three years and atill
fighting unflinchingly in France in defence of freedom and protection of our homes and families from
the brutal hands of the Kaiser,
Motion Picture Censor Is Busy Playing
Political Oame
A recent diapatoh from Victoria tells
of tbe discharge from the lands department of a returned soldior named Dug*
gan for his activity in connection with
political matters in Victoria. Hon. T.
D. Pattnllo waa very firm in his stand
that no membera of tho government
staff take active part in the campaign.
In this connection the government
might be reminded of old man Hepburn, ef tbls city, who holds down tbe
job of motion picture censor—something about which he doean't know
very touch, but an Important position
Meetings Held at Various
Points to Discuss
Labor Problems
Encouraging Indications of
a Political Awakening
Among Workers
3.—Labor's standard-bearer for tbe Nsnslmo
constituency held bis opening meeting hers
on Nov. ai sad In view of tbe fact that ■
shift of men were working, snd judging
from past meetings of a similar character,
the attendance and the attentive bearing
given Bro, Joe Taylor, was extremely gratifying. Bro. Taylor opened his address ln
bis usual style, with an epigram, "Whenever I am there shall the truth be." Continuing, he stated that he would always try
to sift out tbe truth, He then proceeded to
ladle out tbe truth in a straight-forward
manner, without soaring Into the air wltb
flowery language, tbat wondrous weapon that
tbe professional politician uses with hypnotic effect. Your bumble slave will try to
give the substance of Bro, Taylor's address,
hoping that be will forgive mo for any sins
of omission or commission. He said, in part:
"The question has been asked injhuy quarters, 'Why is Labor in tbe t_*W That
question,, to my mind, Is a foollsfJPRe, wben
we review tbe past and realise low Labor
has been treated by the old political parties.
The political movement is a necessary adjunct
of the industrial movement. The leading
plank of Labor's platform Is the repeal of
the Ullitary Service act, and the electloi
will be fought upon that issue. Conscription
is the negation of demoracy, and onee military conscription is fastened upon the people
of Canada, industrial conscription will surely
follow. As an Illustration of tho workings
of Industrial conscription, net so very, long
ago, the railway workers of France went.on
strike and they were Informed by the government that they would go to work as conscripts of France. Who do we find most Insistent in demanding the enforcement of the
Military Service act I Those who are exempted or otherwise ineligible; and how quiet they
are ou the conscription of wealth. Tbls is
supposed to be a war to make the world
safe for democracy, but if the defeat of the
central powers Is going to bring about tho
establisment of an autocracy, then the war
is lost. The Labor candidates are pledged
to flght for bettor treatment for soldiers snd
their dependents. The Patriotic Fund is
wrong in principle, the oaring for the sol
dier and his dependents Is th'e duty of the
charity   Is   not   good   enough.     The
nevertheless, is another civil servant
very much in politics. Walter Hepburn is a decidedly active individual
in tbe present campaign. Ho hasn't
mado any public speeches as yet, but
his name appears on the nomination
papers of H. JI. Stevens. He has made
himself generally objectionable to the
ordinary public by his open campaigning for the Borden governmont.
Failure to respect the laws of tke stato In
a crime.
A crime against Ood la a sin,
A sin against the nation is treason.
Treason agslnst your profession Is a breach
of ethtes. I
A brescb of ethles against your social
equals is bad taste.
Bad taste ln an unaccustomed environment
is boorlshness.
Boorlsbness toward your inferiors Is cad-
Caddlshness toward your superiors is impudence,—E. 0. Jones.
Patriotic Fund, Red Cross and tag days may
help a little now, when the patriotic feeling is high, but after the glamor Is worn
down, what of the problem then. The problem can only be solved by the workers, and
the returned soldier will eventually look to
Labor for the solution of hiB perplexing
problems. The record of the Borden government is one long story of graft, mismanagement and corruption, No matter under wbat
name the Borden candidate masquerades,
whether Liberal-Unionist or Conservative-
Unionist, be is a supporter of the rotten
Borden government. What has Borden done
to win the war I Sent soldiers overseas
with paper boots, with a useless rifle, and
salt-soaked hams, etc. He has placed fops
in officers' uniforms, and hired a high-priced
food controller, who cannot control the price
of food. Has he consulted Labor on conscription, .as he promised* Some time ago
the Victoria Trades and Labor Council protested againBt tbe War-Times Election aet,
by wire, and Borden wired back: "Ton do
not understand the conditions witb whieh the
government is confronted. Letter follows."
Strange to say the letter haB not yet arrived. Labor does understand: Borden is
doing his best to steal the election. . The
country is full, nowadays, with people who
are very generous with the lives of others.
Canada bas given moro tban her proportion
of men, and men are needed more in production. We are fully aware that the goal the
powers that bo are aiming at is Industrial
conscription, and tho miners will have to be
exceeding prolific ln the digging of coal, or
elso they may be forced to dig trenches. An
attompt is being made by various interests
to bring In Chinese slave-labor, tho ladies
of Cowichan being amongst the latest to advocate this form of labor. We may ask thc
qestion: "Who is bock of these ladies I"
They aro not extensive farmers, by any
means; pink tens and knitting parties are
more in tbefr line. The principle is white-
men out and Chinamen in. The Influx of
Asiatics into South Africa after the Boer
war fully illustrates this point. We have
ladies' organizations embarking on a food
conservation campaign. They are poking
their noses in the workingman's pantry,
when every one should know that the work-
ingninn always buys what he needs most,
not what ho wunts. These ladies should
stick their uoses into the cold-storage pantries. Wc hear much talk of British liberty, but If a man Is not to be consulted
before surrendering his only asset, his life,
then British liberty Is sham. To gain their
salvation, the workers must take it themselves; it will never bo handed to them by
either of the old parties. Borden has failed
and he knows it, hence his attempt to form
a union (?) government. Thoro are pending changes in the Labor movement, as evidenced hy the fnct thut politics is no longer
dehurred from tho unions. This iu «, healthy
sign, for whenever we lino up as workers
In the political field, wo will progress, but
never while we arc divided, for so long as
we nre divided, so long will wc ho used as
tools in tho hands of the mastors. We all
know that, owing to tho vast numbers lined
up on the side of the allies, they wilt eventually come out on top, but if in the winning wo aro to lose all our hard-won liberties, thon God help us, and you all know
what it menns when the parson looks at you
nnd Bnys, 'Ood help you,' it's all over. By
tlio evidence wo have, Bordon Is certainly
Inking no chances. The enumerators appointed under thu War-Times Klcctlons act have
plenary powers. Thoy may, upon information received, striko any name off the list,
in spite of the fact that said voter has made
a statutory declaration tht ho is entitled to
voto. I may say that you are fortunate in
having an enumerator In South Wellington
who Is trying to be honest. He is treating
the election ns a sporting proposition. With
reference to the women who are entitled to
vote, has not the woman who has sons at
home, not got the right to say whether thoy
Bhnll bo fed into tho many of tho cannon
in Europo t ln conclusion. I would say
that Labor has a greet opportunity, for if
Borden Is returned to power, conditions will
be awful—no classes under the draft act
will be safe; those who are not taken for
military service will bo enslaved by industrial conscription, so it is up to the workers
to forget their petty differences and unite to
ditch Borden, so that civilisation may evolve
out of the overthrow of an autocrcy. There
is a campaign In*full swing for tho building of. a victory lonn. Now, If this is a
war for democracy, why should It be necessary tu pay a high rate of Interest I This
victory loan will be made an excuse later
on to toll the people that since they have
subscribed they mont fight or lose thoir
monoy. Labor In its platform stands for
tho abolition of profit. Borden 'says': 'Tax
excess profit.' Borden stands for the exploiters, and can you Imagine the exploiters
conscripting their own wealth. The Labor
candidates aro plodged to fight for the Interests of the returned soldiers, crippled and
otherwise. Past experience has shown us
that neither of tho old parties have beon
able to solve that problem. They could not
look after the veterans of South Africa, tho
Crimean war, etc., so how can they holp
the veterans of this war, whon their numbers wilt be magnified a'hundred fold! Veterans of other wars havo died by the hundreds in workhouses nnd othor charitable institutions. The Labor organisations will
eventunlly bo called upon to solve many of
the returned soldiers probloms, so why not
put Labor members In the Dominion house
whero they will be ablo ta force tho government to do something that will look like a
real solution of the problem."
At the conclusion of the meeting, questions
were Invited, thore boing only two askod,
one of them being, "Wns tho government
within Its legal rights In enacting the Military Sorvico net, in view of tho fact thnt
they had elected themselves to power for two
years after their timo hnd exprcdf" The
othor wns: "Does the candidate recognize
the existonce of the class struggle!" Tho
first question was ably answered by Bro.
Taylor, who snid that while the governmont
had usurped their powers, tho peoplo were
powerless unless they showed their disapproval by throwing the Borden regime overboard. Tn the second question he replied
that the Lahor candidate* <.ld recognize tho
existence of the Struggle between tbe classes,
ns evidenced by thoir stand for the abolition
of proflt, but tho (mention of conscription
wns   of  paramount   importance  as   It   aimed
Give Trefousse
The Best of All
WE FEATURE Trefousse
Gloves because we know
their superior merits. Our
patrons buy them for the
same reason.
Trefousse arc famous on
account of their exceptional style, their excellent fit
and superior finish. Give
Trefousse this Christmas*
They will please.
Trefousse fine French Kid
Gloves in round seam and
fine needle points in black,
white and colors, at $2 a
Trefousse French Kid
Gloves in pique sewn style
with fine needle points in
black, white and colors, at
f2.25 a pair.
Trefousse very fine quality Kid Gloves in pique
sewn with 3-cord heavy
points; black, white and
colors at $2.50 a pair.
When in doubt as to size,
color or style give a Glove
Order which wc issue to
any amount.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
at the atill further ensavement of the wealth-
producing elaes.
A collection was then taken up which realised the sum of $11.10, whieh was gratifying, coming as it did from such a small
community. A dance was held at tbe termination of the meeting, the proceeds of
which were placed in the campaign fund.
We do not realise a very large sum from
our dances, owing to tha smallness of the
community and Jarge expenses entailed.
The third meeting of tho campaign in the
north end of the constituency was held In
nanaimo on Sunday, Nov. 25. Mr. William
Newton, one of Na4ialmo's campaign committee and a tried-and-true worker in the interests of Labor, was chairman. Bro. Taylor
was the first speaker, and he remarked upon
the smallness of the mooting, which was due,
no doubt, to tho coercive measures that are
being used by the autocrats of Nanaimo. He
dealt with tbo threat made by Nanaimo
police chief, who threatened to arrest men
who contemplated attending the meeting of
the nowly-organized Liberty Leaguers, a
committee of which was prevented from embarking for Vancouver the following morning. He dwelt upon the fact of the workers
alternating between two rotten sets of politicians in tho past, and of the necessity of
trying a party of their own. He gave some
useful information upon the provisions of tho
War-Times Elections act, nnd disclosed tho
fact that some enumerators wore attempting
to disfranchiae men who wero born in allied
countries, because they looked is if they
would vote against Borden. The question of
the need of organizntion was then dealt with
and Bro. Taylor made the assertion that
thorough organization would have prevented
the Inauguration of conscription. He wns of
the opinion that the powers that bo would
not stop at 100,000 men, unless their activities were nipped in tho bud. The refusal
of tho local bought-press to publish advertisements of tho meeting came in for scathing
criticism, the gist of the speaker's remarks
being that Messrs. Hlndinnrch nnd Marchall,
tho respective editors, would tnke fine soldiers, but preferred to stay at home and
conscript others. He mentioned the victory
lonn bnll in Victoria and dwelt npon tlio
absence, of workors and thoir wives at that
function. Ho made a brief review of the
state and Its functions, and spoke on Bor-
don's broken promise to Labor in the conscription policy, nnd stated that Canada can
perform a more useful function by Increasing production nnd keeping her mon employed In useful pursuits, He concluded by
dealing with the fur-reoching effects of conscription nnd Its corrallng of industrial
Tho old wnr-horse, E. T. Kingsley,
waB tho noxt speaker, nnd in ono of his
characteristic speeches, ho gnvo a brief history' of human slavery in its various forms,
and proved conclusively that human slavery
is responsible for nil evils. Ho then dwelt
on the great chnnges thnt are taking place
in human thought, and gave as the roason
that the people are getting over thoir patriotic drunk. Wars will nover cooso while
human slavery exists, ho said, and then went
on to describe the two kinds of slaves—
those who aro producing wealth, and the
others who are used an farces of repression to compel the other slaves to work. Ho
then spoke of the wholesome respect tho
workers have for the law, a luw "that Is
invented for the purpose ot keeping them
In slavery." The very fact of there boing
a government precludes tho possibility of tbo
existence of such a thing as democracy. His
speech was illustrated throughout with a
wealth of illustration and story that could
not but help to take tho message to the
heathen and I would that I could portray
conditions as he showed thom, but methlnks
It must bo left to more capable mon. I
cannot do justice to our old comrade's
spooch, so will leave It to tho old war-horse
himself to pump tho life-giving fluid into
tho brains of the heathen through the columns of The Federationist, and hope for
the day when a working-class paper will flnd
its way into the homo of every- wage-worker.
During the meoting we succeeded In get-
ing fifteen yearly subscriptions to The Fedorationist, so that will help some.
A series of meetings were held In Ladysmlth, South Wellington and Nanalmo on
Dec. 1 and 3, of which more anon, as time
nnd space will not permit of further details
at this stage, but in passing It Is well to
bring out n corroboration of a statement
made by our enndidato ln Nanaimo on Nov.
35, when ho Raid that tho victory loan would
bo used as a club to forco men to flght. Last
week, ono of tho victory loan canvassers, In
addressing tho audience at a theatre in Nn-
nnimo, in boosting for tlio loan, snld: "There
is only ono contingeney Hint could arise
that would cause you to Ioho your money
and that would bo if tho KnlBer won." So
once again Labor's spokesman In right.
"Oome Again Smith"
Next week the Empress stock company
will present the latest comedy entitled "Come
Again Smith." This play, which is creating
such a furore, was written by a Los Angeles
newspnper man, John Blnokwood, and tho
great disappearing wall scene In tho first act
is one of the few renl noveltfcB that have
originated In the last few years, Mr. Collins
will play the part of Smith, and Miss Mar-
rott will play tho loading feminine role,
whilo all the players will have good parts.
The snmo prices, 15c, 110c and 40c (which
includes war tax), will be charged.
Again, keep your eye on your
enumerator! Find him and Me
if he has "mused" getting you
on his voters' list. If he will
not put you on, vote anyway on
eleetion day, as you have a right
to do, then take the name of the
man who tried to disfranchise
you, and paste it in your hat for
future reference. These enumerators are all well-known men.
They live in Vancouver. And
they are not going to move away.
That is, if they do not do anything so crooked as the War-
Times Election act invitee them
to do. As the enumerator will
live among the people of thia
city for a long time, just let him
remember that tho man whom he
caused* to lose his right to vote
is not going to forget right away.
There are no "voters' lists"
this eleetion. The old lists are
sot being used. "Enumeratora"
are being sent around taking
names of voters. The only way
to fnd out if they bave missed
you is to go to tbe enumerator's
home and ask him. And, at the
■ame time, take a good look at
Urn in ease he should cause you
to lose your right to vote on
Dee. 17.
Three More Big Coses of
able Underwear
Now Just arrived. Will be opened
and on sale beginning Friday
Shirts and Drawers, (1.60, 12,
S2.60 and $3.76 each.
Combinations, 13.00, $4.00, $6.00
and $7.60 per suit.
Heavy fleece-lined Shirts and
Drawers, 66c each.
Penman's No. 71 Shirts aud
Drawers. 760 each.
All-wool English Cashmere
Socks, at 60c per pair.
Heavy Flannol Shirts, collars
attached, $1.60, $1.76, $2.60, $2.76
and $3,00 each.
Two Sellable Storei for Hen la
Brltlih Columbia
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Also 611*616 Yates St., Victoria
Look for tbe Big Bed Arrow Sign
Our Last Shipment
of Overcoats
For This Season
On Tuesday last we received the last lot of this
season's overcoats. We purposely had it held oyer
so the styles would be up-to-the-minute.
New, exclusive models which are not shown elsewhere in the city.
Under "Our Right-Selling Plan" we have priced
the whole lot at
' U Ml TKO
IVT ABOB Coffee is packed by the vacuum process, which
keeps in all its fragrance, freshness and flavor.
There is no other coffee quite so good.
Co-operative Store, 1146 Granville street, has beea
established to protect the worker from inflated
prices. Based on the Rochdale principle—all profits
are shared in proportion to your purchases. Every
union man should join. Shares $5 each, give full
Capitalists hired labor, paid its market price, and took all the profits.
Go-operative labor proposes to hire capital, pay its market price, and itself take all proflt. It is moro reasonable and better for society and
progross that men should own capital than tbat capital should own men.
—Qeorge Jacob Holyoake.
The Producers' and Consumers'
Co-operative Society
To the Men and
Young Men of
British Columbia
WE would specially draw your attention to the fact that we
are shoeing the largest and most complete stock of Men's
and Young Men's clothing in Western Canada. Prices that are
surprisingly low in these days of high cost. Values that cannot
be duplicated elsewhere in Canada. Thousands to select from in
every style at prices of
$15, $18, $20, $25 and $30
Sizes from 32 to 44
Prices $15, $18, $20, $25 and $30
Wm. Dick, Ltd.


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