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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 14, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 60
j^T)     $1.50PERYEAR
Here we aee inLondoh Town ^   5
Sim cheekily m ims yo hcW) g
**« WeifOKTO
Md Promier Borden, upon Ms recent visit to the old country, hear the Master's Voice? Did he, immediately on hla return to Canada, obey it, and introduce the policy that is destroying Canadian democracy, and develop the patriotic noise calculated to dense the crime ud
a\t cries of the expiring victim?  Does he still hear the voice and remain obedient to lt?  Is he, in this, atyy assisted hy aa equally obedient ministry, ud all of the valiant Canadian talent, ln ttu noble art of transmuting human blood, bones and flash into fat bank
Bull Political Atmosphere
Points to Approaching
Rough Weather
A  Sullen  Electorate Also
Alarms  Political
In days when reaction iu rampant
aad evory baneful and sinister influence
ia human society is brought to bear
tpon thi common people of all lands
is order to lead them to their undoing
by inducing them to give absent to the
schemes and wiles of low cunning and
necklets rapacity, lew there are who
•an keep their heals and avoid tho
pitfalls and snares that are laid for
the feet of the guileless and unwary.
Il times of political excitement especially, there are thousands of ordinarily
•autiouB and independent thinkers who
are swept off their feet and led away
from the sound convictions of their
more sober moments, only to discover
the trick that has beon played upon
them when it has becomo too late to
avoid itB evil consequences And whon
the days of political excitement come
in conjunction with days of war and
frenzy, it is aU but a mi rado that any
escape falling into tho most profound
folly. Whon men aro drunk they are
by no means apt to think dearly and
act sandy, and it matters little whether their drunkflmiCBs hus been induced
by tho imbibing of ardent spirits or
been brought on by those nppculs to
their prejudices and passions that arc
the sure accompaniment of all patriotic, political and war fevers.
But there is something about the
present political campaign that pro-
sagies trouble for those interests and
eloments in tho country which depend
■pon the gullibility.of tho common herd
for the success of their political
schemes and intrigues. There is a
•hanged psychology in evidence. It
has been remarked and noticed by more
than one porson. The electorate is no
longer enthused by tho oratorical efforts of political highbrows and spell*
binders. They arc no longor lifted to
the dizzy heights of glad acclaim, at
tho glimpses of an Elysium afforded
them through the compelling eloquence
•f the paid attorneys of ruling claBB
schemes and iniquities. Thore are ap*
parently more men and more womon
giving serious thought upon their own
account to tho material problems of
life, than ever before. It has been
noted that never haB thoro been more
careful attention given to spakorg upon
the platform than during the present
•ontoat, that is, if those speakers have
Had anything more convincing to offer
mJ worthy of listening to than moro
vilification and mudslinging. But in
spite of all ithe attention given, it ia
rare indeed .that any spontaneous manifestation of,,enthusiasm' or any dieposi-
tion to indulgG.'.in,noisy: approval, is
evidenced.     „),,;. ■,,   ..
It is evident that mon are now thinking aud thinking .deeply and earnest-
(fontinued on Page*'Seven)
President-elect F. Knowles
Will Wield the Gavel
During 1918
The regulur monthly meeting of the
Letter Carriers, wns held on Fraiday,
Doe. 7. Bro. L. C. Carl reported the
sending of parcels to the members overseas. Bro. Knowles roported on the
activities of the Trades and Labor
Council. Considerable correspondence
wub read from tho Federated and some
locul secretaries, re the application for
a board of conciliation jnder the Le*
meiux Act, and other proposals looking
towards the settlement of our present
Tho election of officers for 1918 resulted as follows: President, Fred
Knowles (acclamation); vice-president,
James Stirling (acclamation); secretary, B. Wight; treasurer, R. Kirkwood; assistant secrotary, H. Clark;
tyler, E. Rivett; Trados and Labor
council delegates, F. Knowles, J. McCarthy, R. Wight, N. Barlow, J. Dodd.
F. K.
Local Dough Punchers Show
Signs of Being Alive to
Own Interests
Members of tho baking fraternity
resident in the city have for some time
boon endeavoring to carry on a loeal
union without any affiliations, due to
various reasons. Now, however, tbey
are again taking thoir plaee in tbe
ranks of the true Labor union movement, and organized Labor can oxpeet
to see a local of the Bakers' organisation of tbe strength and spirit which
ozisted a few years ago.
Last Saturday, at a mooting attended by about Uf ty employees of the loeal
bakeries, a charter was taxen ont from
the International Bakery and Confectionery Workers, Offlcors were elected,
and the new local gets off to a good
start. As an evidence of their good
intentions it was decided to afflUate
with the Trades and Labor Counoll,
and dolegates from tbat loeal will In
future be in the floor of the conncil.
Health Committee of Oity Oouncll Refuses to Register Plumbers
Tho Plumbers' organization of this
city has for some considerable time
been endeavoring to havo the elty council pass regulations providing for the
registration and licensing of all plumbers in Vancouver. The request of the
plumbers came up this week, but it was
disposed of by a resolution providing
that no action be taken at ths present.
Howover, the mattsr has not hssa
definitely disposed of, and intimation
has been given that the matter will hs
taken up later.
Meetings Well Attended and
Close Attention Given
the Speakers
J. H. Hawthornthwaite and
Dr. Curry Do Good Work
for the Candidates
VICTORIA, B. C, Dec. 13.—The cam-
paign in Victoria is being conducted
with vigor. A house-to-house distribution of literature is being undertaken.
Pamphlets, outlining the position of the
Federation candidates; as well as The
B. C. Federationist, and the "Messenger," ore being distributed.
Meetings have been held in tho Labor
Temple, Columbia theatre, Semples
hall, Qeorge Jay school, Margaret Jenkins school. The final meeting is to
be held In the Princess theatre on Saturday night, when B. P. Pettipiece will
I J. H. Hawthornthwalte has appeared
on two occasions and, while opposing
the attitude of the candidates as to
conscription, bo has urged the support
of the candidates of the Federation,
The meetings havo boen well attended and thc surprising feature has beon
the enthusiastic nature of the meetings.
The appeal made by the fusion can*
dictates to the women appears to have
fallen Hat. And thc samo thing applies
to tho attempt to dolivcr tbo soldiers'
voto, which will turn out a failure. The
remarks of Candidato Wolls on the
treatment of tho soldiers are being ro*
ceived with applause by tho men in
Candidato Wolls has, on all occasion-), pointed out in his speeches that
the new political alignment, now being
formed,j."learly defined as being between Capital and Labor, tho Liberal
party being n thing of the past, and
tho fusion of the old parties showing
the class nature of thc old-time politicians.
Tho Fusion party in Victoria is despondent, and it looks at this time as
if its candidate will be at the bottom of
the poll.
The chances for the olection of Wells
grows brighter daily, the workers realizing that not only is lt necessary to
defoat the Fusion candidato, but to
elect a working-class representative.
Joe Naylor, the candidate for Nanaimo, has boen assisting Candidate
Wells'. Candidato Wolls has reciprocated by addressing the electors of
Sannich and Esquimau.
Last Saturday and Sunday, Dr. W.
J. Curry, Vancouvor, addressed tho electors along with the candidate at two
rousing meotlngs, one in Semples on
Saturday and tho other on Sunday
night in the Columbia theatre, at which
meeting, J. H. Hawthornthwaite also
spoke, showing the class nature of the
struggle betwoen the workers and ths
master clus.
_ Walk* to the polls oa Monday neit
and record your vote for thc preserva*
tion of Democracy in Canada by mark*
ing your ballot fer the Labor candl
Labor   Campaign  Windup
Meeting Tomorrow Night
in Labor Temple
The mass-meeting tomorrow night in
Labor Temple, the wind-up of the B. C.
F, of L. campaign, will be also a pro*
test meeting on behalf of Duncan Kerr,
one of the political prisoners now exiled
at New New Westminster; sent there
without trial by jury, and guilty of
no offence other than disobeying, with
20,000 others, a law he nevor had any
say as to whether it should be enacted
or not.
If the Borden gang of profiteers are
not routed on Monday next lt Ib not
improbable that at the 1918 convention of the B. O. Federation of Labor
in Vancouver noxt month, the question
of a general strike will be renewed to
some purpoie.
At any rate, the workere of B. C. are
not going to stand idly by and see
their brothers railroaded to prison by
the biggest bunch of grafters and food*
hogs that ever went unhung.
Local Printers Make Monthly Donation
to Help Waitresses* Union
The members of the Waitresses' organization now on strike in order that
union conditions may be observed in
McLeod's cafe, will bo helped financially by Typographical union No. 220.
At the last regular mooting of that
organization it was unanimously decided to make a donation of ten dollars
monthly to aid tho waitrosses in their
light for better hours of labor. Thli no
doubt will be welcome news to the
girls now doing picket duty in front
of the cafe on Granville street, not
alone because the funds nro nooded,
but because it shows that they havo the
backing of tho locul Labor organizations.
THE EMBLEM herewith represents
the Borden crown neatly supported
by a bayonet attached to the muzzle
of a Ross rifle, and held in equilibrium
by maple leaves rampant. Tho two
crosses underneath tho shield evidently
signify that the soldiers havo been so
completely double-
crossed by tho Borden administration
that it has becomo
necessary to resort
to charity in order
to succor those
among them who
have been sufficiently fortunate, or un-
forUnate, aB tho
caso may be, to
have escaped denth
upon the field of
battle. In view of the statements made
by a returned soldier, however, and
which will be found ia anothor column*
It would appear that, in lome cases at
leut. even well-intentioned charity
availeth but little in the way of relieving the distress of any but grafters,
schemers aid crooks. But whoever designed that emblem for the "Returned
Soldiers' Club" must certainly hnvo
been seized with an elevation of thc
soul elorely akin to what might be
termed a divine inspiration.
Rousing Meetings Held By
Midgley at Britannia
*   Mines and Beach
Reports Company Extended
Every Hospitality and
Mr. V. R. Midgley, Labor candidate
for Burrard constituency, report! two
of the most successful meetings of the
campaign ai having been hell at Britannia mines and beach an Saturday
The evening meeting was held on
short notice. Arriving at Britannia
Beach at 3 o'clock, a meeting wu held
at Britannia Mines at 7:30, when be*
tween 200 and 250 miners attended.
The meeting was most enthusiastic and
augurs well for the vote whieh will be
cast in that particular part of the constituency for the Labor candidate. Mr.
Ernest Burns, another well-known So*
ciallst, acted as chairman, and gave a
most instructive talk, outlining the
functions of tho two olft political parties, and showing the absolute futility
of the working mon expecting any alleviation of their prosent conditions at
thoir hands.
Mr. Midgley was in good form, and
in the course of an hour's speech,
handled his subject most cleverly, flaying the opposition candidates most unmercifully. That Mr. Midgley's efforts
were appreciated is shown by tho fact
thut an unanimous voto of endorsation
wns passed at the close of the meoting, aud a numbor of contributions were
made to tho campaign fund. Tho miners
at Britannia undoubtedly believe that
actions spenk louder thun words.
On Sunday afternoon another meeting was held at tho picture theatre on
the boach, tho same enthusiasm being
shown as at tho meeting on Saturday
evening. At this meeting also, a voto
of endorsatlon was proposed and carried with cheers.
Mr. Mldgley says that nothing can
excel the hospitality of tho residents of
Britannia, receiving a most courteous
and hospitable welcomo from the man*
agomont of tho company, being accorded tho free use of tho moving-picture theatres in which to hold the meetings.
On Tuesday evening another meeting
was held at the cornor of Nootka and
Stratheona streets, in tho city, at
which Mr. Pettipiece also addressed tho
meoting. The chair was takon by a
member of tho Shipwrights' union,
Tho attendance was small but enthusiastic, and at its close a motion was
passed endorsing the candidate.
On Monday night a mooting was
held in West Vancouver, addressed by
the candidate and Miss Guttoridgo and
Mr. J. E. Wilton. A feature of tho
mooting were the opinions expressed by
a soldier, which were not in favfcr of
Mr. Bordon.
Big Benefit Concert Under
Their Auspices on Sunday Evening
A big benefit, concert, under the patronage of Mb worship the mayor, for
Halifax sufferers, will be held at the
Orpheum theatre on Sunday evening, at
8:30 o'clock, under the auspices of the
Musicians' union, local 145, A. F. of M.
Big symphony orchestra of fifty musicians. Musical director, Oscar P. Zeigler, assisted by the following: Jasper
Sutcliffe, violinist, Mrs. Herbert 8.
Woods, soprano, J. O. Pacey, baritone,
J. D. A. Tripp, pianist, Madame Pratt
Stuart, accompanist, and Orpheum circuit artists, by courtesy of Martin
Beck. Colonel George N. West, United
States consul. Entire proceeds to bs
given to the Halifax sufferers. Committeo: James T. Bundle, chairman; Fred
B. Weaver, A. O. Hall, E. A. Jamleson,
Percy Harvey, Edward Cox; treasurer,
Chief of Polico MoBao. Silver collection.
New Members Taken In at
Every Meeting of Local
The Civic Employoos hold thoir regular meeting last Saturday evening with
a largo number in attendance. A feature of the meotings of this organization is the number of new members
taken in, and the last meeting was no
exception, Bome twenty-nine new mem-
bers being initiated. ThingB aro certainly looking good for this organization, roport being thnt in somo depart*!
ments of civic life they arc 100 pet
cent, organized.
Election Will Take Place
on Friday, December 21st
4] Tho Americans have lots oi soldiers, Let Canada now supply the food
and ships, Remember, the referendum
on conscription in being tnkon un Monday.
Port Arthur Labor Men Put
Fusionists and Police to
Rout and Will Win
POUT AUTHOR, Onl., Dec. 12.—
(Special to The Federationist,)—In a
crowded mooting horo lust night, in the
interests of tho Labor candidate', at
which Minn Lnurn Hughoa wOfl the principal speaker, what appeared to be an
organlud attempt, by ■ tho Unionist
pnrty, to break up same, aided nnd
abetted by assistance of polico sergeant,
wun frustrated, Every mention of tho
Labor candidate's name was mot with
great appla.iso. Labor party looks like
a sure winner.
fl    Vote for Bordon _ aggregation of
grafters and a dollar-ten a dayi
Business Agent Hoover Has
Returned After Two
Nomination of officers was thc chief
ordor of business ut Wednesday night'*
meeting of Pioneer Division, No. Wl,
Street ruilway Employeos'. Following
are tho nominations, in part:
President—B. Clark, W. H. Cottrell.
First vice-president—W. Bather, Jm.
Byron, Frank Haigh, E. O. Kermode,
H. T. Ford.
Second vice president—P. Logie (acclamation).
Kecording secretary—A. V. Leftiag,
H. H. Hougham.
Business agent and financial secretary—Fred. A. Hoover (aceluutwa).
Treasurer—Wm. Harper, E. S. Clove*
First warden—-Win. Whito (acclamation).
First conductor—John Hendry (acclamation).
Executive—(day carmen) Jos. Byron,
Win. Barker, Wm. Wright, F. Haigh,
8. Wedgobury; (night men) H. flard-
well, P. Logic; (extra men) J. Price
Election dny will bo Fridny, Dec. 21,
pay-day. The polls will bo open from
!t a.m. till 7 p.m., at tho Prior street
waiting rooms.
Hoover Again on the Job
Businoss Agent F. A. Hoover has returned from Edmonton, whero he has
been engaged for somo two months as
sixth vice president of the International, and is again on the job. Mr. Hoover's opinion of Minister of Labor
Crothers would not look well in print.
After the striking strcctruilwuy era-
ployooa at Edmonton had roturned to
work on thc understanding that they
wero to havo a conciliation board
named, in fact a board was named,
the government funked and refused to
go through with the investigation.
When thc city council had secured an
injunction ngninst the board being permitted to go ahead, tho government
then appointed a "royal commission,"
but, duo to certain influences which had
beon brought to bear nt Ottawa, this
too wns annulled nnd the situation waB
forsaken by the Labor Department, and
the men left to their own resources, a
fact which will not soon be forgotten
by the members or organised Labor at.
The "Poor" Shipbuilders!
Tbo Canada West Gout Navigation
Company has disposed of nine Of ita It
auxiliary schooners to the Fttaeh government. They are all Britiah Coram-
bin-built vessels. Tho *Jom»aaj ha*
made a proflt of over *l,0M,tw ea tho
deal and it la likely that other vesaels
will now be built, though coaflrmation
of thiB cannot be had, as H. W. Brown,
the manager, is now ln the eaet ia connection with the orders fer ships.—
Daily press. s
rBIDAY „ December 14* 1917
Gigantic Xmas
Commer.ces Saturday at 9 a.m.
Sensational values offered in all lines of
Men's Clothes and Furnishings
Arnold & Quigley
Ow slogan:   Quality
at the leut pouible
We lead  in  snappy
and up-to-date
Black and White Hat Store
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1869. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F. G.i Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17. i
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treet and Shrnbi, Pot Plant*, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Begistered Office:  VANCOUVER, B. 0.
tS Hastings Street Bast.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.    Phone Seymour 9613
A Hat for Christmas
WMT HOT nt tne lor BroUar, or fir
As in laadb aotklni bat HATS, jaa Un
a sdMtlca to. tkat lactate mry eeaie
aat .tary slss. H
Tea absflr aas* Ut parrtm wc tin
lllW outlleatc which yen may tan
•nr lo tke recipient ol tke act, wko comes
la at Ui leuart aad picks his partlcnlar
f S.00 •-» <• ? 6.00
Richardson & Potts Ltd.
(■xetasin Hatters for mn)
417 Oranvllle     Near cor. Hastings
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
Al la old-time resident of Burnafcy he knows values and every Inch
of the dlatrlct.
Agent Equitable Fire and Marino Insuranco Company
■Ml Eatate, Conveyancing,   Insurance,   Appraiser,  Estates   Managed
I have the best exclusive listings in Burnaby.   Oood buys for cash, in
lota, houses and aoreage.   AU eloso to car line.
Phont Ool. MX JUBILEE, B. 0. P.O. Box 7
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Soymour 2482
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try oui Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
A Manifestation of Fright
Throughout the Tribe
of Plunder
A Bolsheviki Triumph Will
Upset the Game of
Rule and Rob
Unionists Displaying Great
Fear of Outcome of Election
Well( well, when the great "Unionist" party becomes so fearful of the
opposition that they go to work and
position speakers out, they have arrived at a atace where a drowning mu
gets to when he thinks of the prayers
he was taught ln his earliest youth.
The party that hu the backing of the
big interests, the food sharks and the
high-toned criminals at Ottawa, mnst
see its finish in the writing on the political walls, notwithstanding their expectations to steal the election by manipulation of the overseas soldiers' votei
for which piece of rascality lt has made
elaborate plans.
It is a pity that thore is not some
way to punish political criminals of the
class who engineered the unscrupulous
War-Times Election Act.
'But there isn't.
If ther? was, the gang at Ottawa
would soon see to it that another act
was passed making lt impossible. Aa
it is, they have surrounded their rascality with every conceivable safeguard, and arc praying that they may
get away with it. The most of them,
no doubt, will.
But not all.
[By Joe Naylor]
(President B.J3. Federation of Lnbor)
CUMBERLAND, B, 0, Dec. 11.—It
is generally known that thc capitalist
press only publishes things that are to
thc intorest of the capitalist cluss. This
clnss, of course, furnishes its press pros*
titJtcs with (he good things or* life, thnt
iB with a mcnl ticket. This is nbsolutc-
ly necessnry, for evon prostitutes ennnot follow their ignoble calling without
something to cut. There is, however, n
large_ number of working people who
contribute to the support of theso delectable sheets by purchasing them nnd
imbibing the falsehoods and poison | for ^ _ f-„ of jj^,
dope thoy poddle. This is manifestly
fnr hotter for the working plug thnn it
would bo to spend his shekels in supporting 11 Lnbor pross—a press devoted
to the interests of himself und his clnss
—out of which he would at least stand
a chance of glenning some grains of
But now and ngnin thc capitalist
press does publish something of villue to
tho proletariat, thnt is if this proletariat will only read it. The most of the
tribe, however, huve jj.ist sufficient in*
So it is no wonder they are lighting
like cornered fata:
The Borden crowd haa countenance!
the robbing of the people of Canada out
of millions by hook and by, erook, tat
they haven't got quite all the blood to
the carcass yet. They want lt, however,
and are moving heaven and earth to be
returned to power for another term of
years during whieh they may again
pnrsue their nefarious second'storey
work in comparative safety, aad cover
up the tell-tale marks they have left
round Ottawa and other rendezvous of
the robber band.
The conacription talk of the Borden
crowd ia the purest buncombe. The
country doesn't need it, nor do they believe the country does. The only need
tho Unionist party had for it, or the
only uso they havo for it, is a battle-
cry In which thoy may wave the flag
till its edgos wear thin in deceiving a
great, and, moro or less, patriotlo people.
Thoy aro not koen to win the war for
awhilo yot.   If the war should cease
tomorrow  it  would  mean  the  seleet
crowd behind the Borden government
would miss several millions more proflti
Judging by what is in tho wind, a lot to be made out the war.   It doesn't
of men in this election arc fighting for stand to  reason that'they desire  *
thoir personal liberty.  If all that is re- speedy conclusion of the war.  The Ion-
ported regarding thoir skulduggery be ger the war lasts, the more money they
true, tho gates of prison are yawning make, and the greater become their ill-
gotten piles.
Marvellous Discovery By One
******      ******      ******      ******
Of This City's Leading Doctors
Remember old "Doc." Mcintosh, one  ego,  thought all  that was necessary
"    ■■■-■■-■   ■ ■■ ,...-   was for him to break into print with
of the members of the provincial legis*
telloct to rend the sporting columns and j lature from Vancouver, who never
then become so bruin fagged thnt a halt, knew his own mind from one day to
is mado in their pursuit of knowledge, i another!
At the moBt they may fill out their in- j Well, Doc. 'b in England, in uniform,
tellectunl ropnst with a little "win-thc*: and he is doing hia little bit already.
olection" dope,   or   a   dissertation in j Ho had a hard time getting that far.
words of ono syllnblo setting forth the One of the stories they tell is that he  , ........ .
peculiarly satisfying virtuo of a large j desired a long while ago to go to Prance! was a Liberal.   _. 	
" ""   and get a lot of practical experience in { nor any other politician
holding of victory bonds by the impc*
cunious sou of toil.
Doc.   Mcintosh   would   go   to   the
But there waB more to be done. He
should flrst go about it in proper political manner. Which was to see Harry
Stevens.about it. Now, aa evorybody
knows, Harry was a Tory, and Ib. Doe
He wouldn't see Harry
... .loliticlan   to   get   the
. the battlefield hospitals, but he couldn't, strings pulled for him.   So for months
following,  clipped from  tho j ma),,, it. Doc. nursed a grouch.   Bnt he got over
doily press, throws nn interesting light     what WM tHe mB(m, flnnlly,  whether  ho  consulted  Harry
upon the terror that is being created |    Very flimplo.   Undor ordinary oondi- Stevens about it or not.
in tho enmp of plunder by tho Hussion ti<ma d00 iB a Liberal-or was.   He     And npw what do we flndf
revolution and the turn things ore tak* ■ made imm_ u„ otabltions, but that il1    We flnd in the daily press of a few
ing in thnt country.. .not all that is necessary to get tff-th* | days ago thot the sea voyage and what-
STOOKEOLM,   Nov. 29.—While   Indie** j front.   Thore were things against the evor else Doc. Mcintosh acquired on the
"°™ i'.° '""'" '", "if «?"•■" 8-*rmen*> doctor. These were wrapped up in the trip has givon him eyesight of-tromen-
comment  as  to whtt  the  remonie of tk*   »    .  ..   .  i » n.     i ; * t    • t_,
Central powers to the Bolskeviu pests prt-; 'act that he was a Liberal. I dous powor, or second Bight or some*
posals will be, the press utterances iadlostc' As the story goes, when he offered thing. Doc can tell the way the sol*
that there «re already insny Qermsiii who »»; ),i8 Serviccs and his saws, not a great diers are votingl Marvellous! In the
S^^'^iSu^wlW d"**-1 o* <""">«<»> ™ P»id *° either, satae pross dispatches the people were
of all the nations ot the world snd brlna a ' So doctor got bnsy to flnd the reason. I told how secret tho soldiers' ballots
peaee which would prove to be a Greek TBll. j Aftor delving about a bit, and prying woro boing kept. But not secret from
8l.»neaWrtrK Ver'."' __%_ Thi ' ™_> ™»nB the poUtlcal refuse'heaps,; the astute, far-sighted doctor from
Tagebiatt, of Berlin, ratios a wanting ho found somebody who told him now, vancouvor. The doctor cabled (did
against the delusion that   the   Bolahwlkl, to eo about it. hot) that the soldiers wero voting solid
ZZ-_¥_m__1_o_"? "" *"■ I    *"*•.«■ » "V t0 f & *» rt! i forT *•."«•» government,
"No party In Germany," ke ears, "would commissioned clnsB for the ordinary; In which Doc was just about as good
be willing to tubserlbe to tuck a propamine. J citizen, and a way for a doctor to get a gucsser as he was in some other things
^sWer^S^ «»»•   D»°- M"**.*. *">> «■ »roal *™'»8 "• P™to in Vancouver.
same   ideas   as  Comrade  Lenine,  wko   con- j -~---—■--- .-  ---  *■*-•".<->■--—-.—i—~-—r..i  ,-.-.._..---—r	
tinuouslv condemns them as opportunists." ,  .
Herr Vorst points out that the Bolsheviki
demand for the freedom of all nations, "regardless of their degree of civilisation or
geographical situation," luhvolveu the dan*
damnation and 'overthrow of evory nation's
colonial policy. The Bolsheviki reallie tkat
thoir kind of peace is possible only after
a soeial revolution In all countries, ks adds,
but they do not realize that lt would alio
bu impossible then.
The German government, Herr Vorst eon*
tinues. has taken the standpoint tkat It does
not Intend to interfere with the internal affairs of other countries, but Lenine, on tke
contrary, wishes to overthrow the soeial
structuro of tho wholo world, and the peaee
negotiations are for him ana hli followers
only a moans to this end. ;
''Any government," the writer goes on.h
       ' -'"■ Lenine In
They fit you and satisfy
your idea of what good
clothes and good tailoring
should be.
With wool still soaring in
price the label-in-the-pocket
means the cost of the suit
when the wool was bought
over a year ago.
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Society Ladies Too Busy To
***K*k*« ****** ****** ******
Tag For Halifax Sufferers
"Too busy with tho eleetion." . women of tho masses at any other time
< That was tho reply given by womon, thnn during an election, when the bene*
who occupy tag day headquarters in desire is to use their votes for the bone*
330 Sogers bunding, when asked if fit of a government whioh has been re-
thoy could not And time during thia sponsible   for   the   rotten   conditions
weok to hold a tag day under their, which exist not only at home, where
organization for the sufferers of HaU-, food speculators have grown rich by in-
nine and his. followers have no tain to I (ax.    This same headquarters   is   to ; Anting prices, bnt whioh haB permitted
represent an/ Russian Interest, bal sokjr handle tho "Overseas Chaplains" tag favoritism and snobbery in the army,
the interest o( the International pnhtwlat,' | dny on Saturday. I whore the rich man's son gets all the
wofld be f«'theTovXenta MO» WaliS I    And this partienlar crowd of society; best of it, and thc sons of poor fami-
Powers to bo able to meet the Bolsheviki, women have been handling all the tag lies get at overy turn tne worst of it.
doctrine   by   presenting   a   comprehensive jly, 0{ ^ ]argm ,|,e,   _n_ they are;    A very noticeable thing about thla
.eace programme ol   Iheir   own. -Dellr nok handUl,g the Unionlet campaign! campaign is the way the Bnobs of BO-
among the women. They are the aame) cicty havo lined up for tbe protection
crowd who occupied the favored places . of the intorests whose ozistence permits
on the platform the other night at tbe, them to wear enough clothes on their
"Unionist" women's mass meeting in bucks to keep a working man's family
the Vancouver   Hotel  ballroom,   and nil winter.
they wore hats, and tne clothes enough,'    Theso overseas chaplains, by the way,
*.„. * .c........ ™„r. ™. ... -WOT o*16 ot them to keep a returned draw captain's pay, so why do they
daily press is for once speaking the \ aoldier's family, or the dependent!^<>f, need a tag dayf
truth about tho doctrines of Lenine anl men ovorseas, in groceries and supplies _	
his following in Russia, which appear aflwinter^        Vj..,.. .. uli___,.,',\ UOtTBt OOULD HOI DO II
Every render of The FederationiBt
und ether Lnbor und socinlist papers,
knows full well thnt tho bona fido socialists of this cojntry have boen moro
or less skopticnl ns to the doings in
Eussin.    But I certainly hope tkat the
to havo gained thc upper hnnd in that
long suffering land.
Mnny of us nro nol convinced that
Tbey are a flnelot of "patriotic
ladles.   "Too busy with the election" Klni'i Baascaa railed tn Elect Michel la
„,...   to find time to use tbelr organisation to , nw Tork Oily
thc actual overthrow of tho Cznr wnsjhandlo a tng day for Halifax snterertt;    ulwr nM   Uurler Llbersls ud Demo-
intended to be a prolctnrinn revolution, i Thoy nre a good sample of the claaa Of „,„ „, „ory  description,  let  not jour
but was intended to be a prolctnrinn j women  who u  supporting  a rotten, heirt bj lronbj,d by the Hauling of money
revolution, but wns intended to bo a ro* j thieving govornment in Ottawa who i« a ymr opp0nfnts' camp. Trust In your gooc.
volution to oust nn autocracy nnd en* t lighting, no doubt,   for  the   personal ,nd r|<-ttu<u cause.   Returna Hied with the
enthrone n capltaliat plutocracy, Buch ns liberty of a considerable number of ita ,„,.„(,,, „| atate at Albany, N. T„ shew
wc  so loyally uphold here in Canada ■ followers.                                                  ! ,*,,t ov„r , mmlon dollara were apeat la
and the United Stntes.   Or perhnps it      But tho common women of this city Nev York city on Nov. 0 laat ia the vain
might bo more clenrly staled ns Iwing will not follow tho lead, nor listen to ,ttempt l0 reelect tho super-patriot Mayor
n revolution the purpose of which was  the "advice" of the socioty women, jiltehel.   In other worda aa much money was
to mnke wny with fhe autocracy of a  who probably would not rccogniae the Mpenj,d i„ Hew York ln Ihe elfort to elect
cznr nnd clenr the stnge for tho rule of Mltchel as Is usually spent In a presidential
Americnn   flnnnre.    Ololr-thinkinB  so*  fnll jn line with Iheir Russian cninrndes. c,lnp»|,n t0 elect a preaident. To the Mitchell
milists hnve nil nlong lwcii convinced      In the meuntime whnt nro the work* campaign lund one New Yorker gave ISO,-
Hint Koforisky was only it fool of those ors of (bis western confincnt going to 000. (onr ,„„ 125,000 each; another gave
flnalioilll interests, fir wc nre told thnt   dot    Are Ihey to continue to gabble aaiOOtii   three  othors  gave  lao.OOO eseh,
directly he took the rtent of potyor in  ulimit .l.ihertv nnd victory Bniwfs nnd one 'ol whom waa George W, Perkins, organ*
Russia   thc   Buniana   were   told   thnt   bj »ii||  further deluded  by "bm*k   tn Isor ol  the  International  Harvester.Trull,
.lohn D. Itockcteller, of Standard Oil fame,
, ,      ., r        gave 115,000,  John  Tlorpont Morgan gave
til run*   Or lire thev to got upon tlieir I11111I legs   jis,5oo.   William W. Vanderbllt gave |10,-
lund" slogans nnd fiimllnt* trnsli?
S**o »»v,-
and ao it
Uncle Sum would loflil the gc,v,ernniejit   Hi
.t*100,000,nno villi \vli„*h tn b	
ways nnd develop tho nntnrul rosotiraos nnd nndanvor fn act like mon? Is it, oool'Daniel Guggenheim $5,000.
of iho country? Tho workers of Canada not timo thoy were telling their pnnt* |"_. _\i^,^.f£."S'ools's anger aud
should understand tho significance of, sitical and brutal masters that their. contempt ol tho campaign waged by Mltekel
this, for they surely know something of! dnys of rulo ond slaughter nro to ond? all this gold simply helped to aink him. lad
tho power of tho C. P. R. and similnr i, it „0t high time thnt tho workors of 1 ""i ff-jfJHftL bk'ii'.'*t ".taWm .fin fir".
gr,oat corporntions. They should know | this wostorn world tako acllon similar [$__* ffiZtatnitll *2 l£l vrtUs aU
from observation, that tho more com- to thnt of tho Russian Bolsheviki and the wealth of New York behind him and witk
ploto the cnpitalist dovclopmont be- dispoBO of their mnsters as those bravo ] «v«ry English dally, eicept the, Hurst jg
comos, tho more intonso and thorough Russians ur* now doing? GSlti hte   Mayi'r Mitch." 'wm Sffl
tho oxploitation of, and tho greater tne     Wo know that tho Bussian rovolution I by the large'at majority ever polled against
was mado poBsible only through tho ex-1a mayor or candidate for mayor.in thi1 Wa-
istenco of a conscript army. A-id these j Jjg fejf'^s 34fi*&te
western countries are forcing tho same. adft wm t(,n tho BRroe t»iel Hltehel kad
conscript  military Blavery  upon  their   everything except the people'■,jotei^   Bor-
misery nmong the producing class.
And tho moves recorded nbovo afford
ample reason for asserting that Keren-
sky was nn agont of tho financiers and
not of the working cluss. We hnve been
told that ho is a socialist. Woll, wc
havo many of that kind  of socialists
poople. Will the conscript armies thus
raised on this continent llkowiBO prove
the   means  of  deliveranoo  from   the
right here in Canada.    And thorp aro | clutches of that brutal and conscience-
lots more of thom across the line to tho
south of us.
Wo havo heard much of late about
Germany signing a sennratn peace with
it, _    tj,.1,.i .:?.!     Lt    J..J..1	
loss autocracy that is oven now fasten
ing its loathsomo grip upon us and
throttling tho last remnants of tho poor
liberties gained down through the ngesl
tho Hnlshcviki, bntv judging from our j This is a question of vital" interest to
clipping from the daily press, thoro is j tho workers of this wostorn world, and
no possibility of such a penco boing ar- ono that may woll givo pause to tho
ranged between elements so irrepressi- j brutal and blind ronction that is now
bly antagonistic. No two things could I btislly engnged in scuttling domocrncy
bo farther apart and more eoniplctoly i and re-onthroning tho tyranny nnd doB-
antagonistic than a military despotism \ polism of tho past,
nnd a communistic slate. j    If the Bolsheviki policy and principle
If tho Lenine policy incorporated into : has be«en correctly sixod up and sot
the-lifo nf nntinns will "bring pence j forth by the presB, afl stated in thfl
which would prove to bn n Greek gift" \ clipping abnvo, it should appeal to
to the? clttRB that now rules and roba, evory working man und woman on
and will upset tho "colonial policy" earth, whether Briton, Hun, Yankee or
nnd commercial and financial schemes, Jap, for in Hint direction only lies tho
of the capitalist pirates of the earth,'hopo of pence, fraternity nnd good fob
thoro is indeed hope for tho proletariat', low»hip among the pooplos of the onrth.
of the entiro world in its triumph. I In that direction only lies the end of
hopo tho Germnn working clnss, and \ slavory with its trail of poverty, misery,
that of all other countries will speedily j war and slaughtor..
den probably bes the ume.—The Voice.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 OranviUe Street
(119 Histuifl Streot Went
Uie the Telephone ln winter time.
When the weather Is not ill that may
be desired, thoro la no aeceaaltr to
go outalde. Remember, the telephone
will take SOO milea Just aa eailly aa»
one mile. It meana comfortable, woe-
to-faoo conversation right from yonr
home or offlce. No travelling, no die-
comfort, no unnocoiaary expenae.
The long dlstanco telephone la safe,
lure lnitantaneona. It la the beat
kind of nchertulo time—alwayi there,
juat when It'a wanted.
J. Parliament c. Tnrcott
Pocket Billiard
(Brunswick-Hall.** Collender Go.)
—Headquarters for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   cigars   and
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
The Jirvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
Hemstitching, buttons covered,' scallop*
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering,  plcot edging, pleating, niching, embroidery, hemming.
653 Oranvllle St. 1319 Douglas St.
Phone Bay. 3101 Phone lieo
J. PHILLIPS * 00., Agents
Phons tell 1238 Hamilton
Oppoilta Laber Temple
—Headquarter! for Labor Men—
Ratea—7Sc and |1.00 iier day.
$2.50 per week and up.
Oafa at Eeaionauie Batei
Phona Seymour 7169
Third  Floor,   World   Building
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver—
OAI. mining rlghta of tho Dominion, in
'-" Manitoba, Sax ketch b wan and Alberta, tbe
Yukon Territory, the NnrthWi-si Territories
■nd In a portion of th.- Province uf Britlah
Columbia, may be U_ted (or a term of
twenly-one yeara renewal for a further term
of 21 yeara at an annuul rental of 11 an
ticro. Not more than 2,660 acrea will bf
Ii-hm'iI  to  niif appltannt,
Application for a li-a-i iriunt bv made by
tho applicant In portion tu tho A^cnt or Suh-
ABont of lln- dUtrict lr> whieh tho rlchta ap-
pllud for are altuated.
In imrveyed torrltory the land mint be dee-
crlbod by aeotloni, or legal aub-dlvlaiuna of
fleetlona,. and in unaurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall bo staked out by tho
applicant hlmaolf.
Each application muat be accompanied by
a fee of SB whieh will be refunded If the
rlghta applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mlno at the rate
of five eenta per ton.
The peraon operating the mine ahall fur-
iilah the Agent with sworn returni accounting
for the fall quantity of merchantable eoal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If the
coal mining rights are not boing operated,
aueh returna ahould be furniahed at leaat
once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For full Information application should be
made to tbe Secretary of the Department of
thc Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agont or Sub-
Agont of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Mlnliter of Interior.
N. D.—Unauthorised publication of Jhia
ndvortlaemont will not be paid for.—8B575.
cWfe, Of America  JQxr
tommr «tm»i MwrnmisriuM it«
Street Shoe
—has every quality thtt a Ufk-
gride SHOE should htve. B«i
the best protection yon eta pot-
sibly |et tgtiut rainy wutW.
The "LEOKIE" la fame* far
its material tnd worl
Eemomber, the qualify goat la
before the name goea on—that's
At your favorite
To Federationist
I'leaae remember that no latter
acknowledgment of aubaerlp-
tlons or renewals are made.
The address label on yeur
paper carries the date te whieh
your subscription Is paid. If.
aftor forwarding monies to this
offlce, the correct change In
your labol date Is not made,
notify us at onco. When you
havo a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send lt to tbls offlce—aat to
the other fellow. Thus yon
will got matten adjusted, aid
we'll all he happy.
B.C. Federationist
Lahor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Refined Service
Out' Hlock west uf Court House,
Use of  Modern  Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free to  ail
Telephone Sermour 8426
Aak for this Labal when purchasing Beer,
Ala or Porter, aa a guarantee that lt la Unloa
Made. Thla la oor Ubel
For Sale
London, Canada.
D.J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
and Yukon.
3118 Alberta St
B. 0.
Delivered to and from aU traiaa,
boats, hotels ond residences
Piano Moving
Phone na day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404-5-6 Union Station
For rale hy
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair! 2800      1029 Main Stoat aiKOIAI*   PAPEB   TABOOUVBB
NINTH YEAR.   No. 50
CaSjESD     $1-50 PER YEAR
Labor's First Tryout in a Federal Campaign
•Selal VeHlnee ot tbe B. 0. Federation ot
Offlelsl Nominee of tbe B. 0. Federation ol
 <£     Df   	
Offlelsl Nominee ef tbe B. 0. Federation of
_ Vete for tlie Labor candl*
dates and thc release of political
pristuars in B. G.
_ 'She reason Crowe has nothing to say is because he has nothing to say.
♦J Vote against the "union"
flag-tapping paytriots by plumping fer Labor candidates wherever passible,
_ Better to spend a few sleepless nights defeating Kaiser Borden than to "do* time after the
Press dang gets you.
6s and SEE the new voters'
list. If you are not registered
instratt the enumerator, personally, ta do so without delay.
_ Tbe election of a few Labor
candidates next Monday will
avoid a lot of real trouble later
ou, M soon as the kaisers get busy.
tJ Barden's burglars may get
away next Monday, but Labor has
set eat to "get'1 them—and it
will, kt it this year or next. It's
a finish fight, with no quarter.
f_ Tkere will be merry hellopop-
in m B. C. if Borden's Press
Gang steals the election next Monday. Vote for the Labor candidates where possible and anti-
Bordan everywhere else.
<_ Lord Northcliffe says that the
imperative need of the Allies is
food and ships. Vote for Labor's
candidates and anti-Borden and
see that the WHOLE! resources
of Canada shall be placed at the
disposal of thc state.
•J Pat Donnelly will get what
he so richly deserved next Monday. Had he stuck to his guns
and principles, he had a future—
in tba Liberal party. And Midgley's election would thus have
been made a cinch. Crowe
SHOULD pay all Pat's election
_ ln the windup of the present
protest against kaiscrizing Canada, union men should not overlook the fact that the B. C. F. of
L. 1911 convention takes place in
Vaneeuvcr next month. Its duty
will ke to do what the election
may have failed to do. Eternal
vigilaace is truly the price of
liberty. Stay busy. More than
I 100 delegates should be present.
I 1} London directors of Canadian
affairs arc hoping to see Borden
fare better than Hughes of Australia, next Monday. If Borden's
orders from London arc sanctioned, even through the theft of
tha election, the cables to Australia will bo kept busy, so that on
the 20th the working class of Australia may also be saddled with
conscription, once rejected. It's
a great game, but very, very
■U If there really is a shortage
of nen in Canada for service
overseas, why not turn Iho official
Press Ganp; loose on nbout 60
per cent, of the cockroach and
tinhorn "business" men who infest every eity? By no stretch
of imagination' cnn il bo argued,
for instance, that Vnncouver
needs about 50 banks. One national bank, with one staff, would
fulfil all requirements. The same
resicdy applied all round would
help give Canadians a eountry to
fight for.
*>_ Stick with "Harry" and'
you'll be perfectly safe from the
firing line.
_ Siberia will have nothing on
Canada if Borden's little gang of
kaisers are elected next Monday.
f Much the best to postpone
action by the Press Gang until
after next Monday. It may take
some of the curse off Borden's
•J More abject slaves of the
money-bags never held forth at
Ottawa than the Borden cabinet.
The whole gang are merely bellboys for the Big Robbers iu high
fl Canada would be just as well
off if some of the English dukes
and lords kept their noses out of
its business. Those "beastly
colonials," like the proverbial
worm, may turn.
fl From this date hence the
B. C. Federation of Labor should,
and probably will, contest every
legislative office in thc province,
from pound-keeper to premier. It
took the Borden maladministration to do thc trick.
fl Capitalism having broken up
nearly all the homes in the "civilized" world, the employers are
now gleefully using unorganized
and defenseless women to break
strikes and keep down wages;
also to vote thc bosses' ticket.
fl The Tory bunch of big grafters are figuring on winning this
election with the women's vote,
or at least that portion of the
women whom the Bordenites
deemed competent to vote. They
find that the experienced male
workers can no longer be fooled.
Hence the whiohly,
It was customury In ull state prisons
tu forbid free speech. Tho convicts
wero not allowed to tnlk to ono anothor,
not allowed to congregate or express
their feelings.
Eventually it wus discovered that
this mudc them discontented, rebellious
and dangerous.
In the majority of tho big prisons the
prisoners, formerly uot allowed to talk,
may now speak to ono uuother, net us
human beings. And tlieir behavior is
That being the cuhc, it is interesting
to read suggestions in congross anu
elsewhere that tho people of the United
Stntes outside of state prisons should
now be deprived of that liberty of
snooch and liberty of tho press which
the constitution of tho United States
Just which of the cltitens of this
country, exactly what proportion of
them, aro not to bc trusted with free
Who and   whut   is   the   United
Is not the United States the people
in ltt
Is not1 this supposed to be a free
Cun it be a freo country if tho people
in it nro not froof
Is there nctunl freodom where there
is not freedom of Bpeech nnd frocdom
of tho press?.
Is thero no lesson for tho United
Stales in tho Russian revolution, which
is n successful protest ngninst thnt
condition which enemies of free speech
nnd of free press would restore here in
the United Stntes!
Th it necessary to lose our heads completely nnd go back to the tltae of 1770
becnuso wo hnve entered upon a war
for democracy f
Whnt is democracy without a free
Who arc tho gentlemen who think tht
peoplo of the United States cannot be
trusted to discuss their own affnirsf—
Arthur Brisbane In New Tork Journal.
'fl Vote for Borden and 'Eatless
fl If Crowe iB elected next Monday in Burrard it is the fault of
the stand PAT Liberals.
fl What Borden's hired men mistake for enthusiasm is merely a
bad attack of "nerves." There IS
a reason.
fl   Who in h is Mrs. Clare
Fitz-Gibbon anyway? When and
by what route did she reach the
Borden pie-counter?
fl A vote for Borden's candidates is a vote for CONSCRIPTION of men and the BORROWING of money at 5*4 per cent.
fl Partyism is dead in Canada,
as dead as Bodo. Hereafter it
will be the Unionist on the one
hand and the Labor party on the
fl "Jim" Hawthornthwaite will
probably be elected by acclamation to the B. C. legislature, in the
Newcastle bye-election next
month. At any rate he will be
elected. And there will be Labor
company for him, too.
fl The Borden boodlers, naturally, have money to burn—in
electing themselves nest Monday.
Thc gigantic boodle-bag was furnished out of the swag wrung
from the pockets of those both at
home and overseas. Legalizing
their thievery, as it were.
fl Workers! keep your eyes in
the direction thc straws are blowing. Remember when you walk to
the ballot box you are the government. Yours to shackle or unshackle this grip the profiteers
have on you. Vote for the B. C.
F. of L. candidates.
fl If thc Borden flunkies for
the big profiteers manage to steal
the election next Monday, as they
undoubtedly intend to do by fair
means or foul, the result will bc
heralded as a great "victory" and
a further sanction to rob and rule
without restraint.
fl Remember there are working-
men in jail in B. C. who are
guilty ol* no crime other than refusing to obey a law enacted by
the biggest bunch of legalized
criminals in Canada; inspired by
men who themselves should bc
hung for treason. Vote anti-Borden.
fl The Britannia Mines management employs about 1200 men,
only 300 of whom have votes, the
balance being mostly Austrians—
now Serbians. This scabby eompany now recognizes Crowe as a
real friend and will attempt to
bulldoze its employees into voting
the Borden ticket. Wait till next
Monday! Nay, nay, Pauline, It
can't bc did.
fl Thc Liberals of this province
might just as well recognize now
as any other time that the Labor
party, as a factor in the political
life of Canada, is here to stay, and
stay, as in all other countries of
the Allies, until the principles it
represents, finally triumph. It is
hard for some people to get the
idea, but a few more experiences
such as will take place next Monday, should convince even the
Liberals that one of the ways to
show a sincere interest in Labor
is to get out of its way.
v Closing.'.
Campaign Rally
Speakers: Candidates McVety
aad Mldgley aad B. T. Kingsley.
Tet a seat come earljr.
Tbe Labor candidates n*M
Volunteers as
Beport at Boom S10, Leber Maple
Campaign manager and treunrer for the Vtn>
eonver 8onth and Burrard section of the B.
0. F. ot L.
Smeltermen Protest Against
Conscription of Sec.
A. Goodwin
TRAIL, B. C, Nov. 80.—Tha various
unioni of Trail wlab to exprm their viewa
oa • matter concerning Mr. A. Goodwin, iecretary of the Trail Mill and Smeltermen'*
union and pmldent of the Tradei and Labor
counoil. Aa a result of the strike here, certain influence! ara at work to force Mr.
Goodwin Into military service, without any
attempt to consider tha circumstances. Mr.
Goodwin, on his own behalf, Aled a claim
for exemption, on tbe (round of being physically unfit, a condition In which he has
bsen for several years. On going before
the medical board, at Nelson, he was put
In class "D," as being temporarily unfit.
But on Mondsy, Nov. 20, a telegram was
received from one of the members of the
tribunal, ordering a re-examination before
the medical board, the Intention evidently
being, under any circumstances, to put
Goodwin In class  "A."
Now, tbls sort of business in dealing with
a representative of organised Labor Is sure
to create severe and well-deserved criticism
on the face of Its shallowness, especially
when the condition of which Goodwin complains is evident to those nut even following the medical profession. This shanghaiing procedure will show tu what lengths
some people wHl go to accomplish their
ends. When the position of Goodwin Is considered, and the exceptional manner in which
he is being dealt with, the whole thing opens
out and displays the hands of those desirous
of disposing of Goodwin by fair means ur
As representatives and officials of the
Trail Mill and Smeltermen's union, and the
Trades and Labor council, we strongly resent such action.
Seeing that Goodwin's claim ii being entirely Ignored on the presentation ot his
own case, the members of the various local
unions of Trail, knowing the valuo of this
man's services, are presenting a claim for
his exemption in the intsrests and welfare
uf mure than  1,000 men.
In aceordanco wltb tht requirements of
the Military Bervice act, we, the members
of organised Labor, are perfectly aware that
our Interests will be detrimentally affected
by the losing of our official's service. When
It was discovered that Mr. Goodwin's claim
had been disallowed, a mass-meeting of the
men took up his case and adopted • resolution, to be presented to the exemption tribunal at Nelson for Its consideration. As
it means a great deal to the general Interest
of a large number of men. If their officials
are railroaded to tbe trenches, the following
resolution wu unanimously endorsed, at the
mass-meeting held In tho Star theatre, Thursday evening, Nor, 29:
Whereu: Mr. Albert Goodwin, the business agent tf tbt Trail Mill and Smeltermen's union, bu presented to the board, his
reasons for claiming exemption, and
Whereas, Albert Goodwin bas not had his
claim granted, for exemption, and
Whereas, the Mill and Smeltermen's union
of Trail, B. 0., desires to say that Mr. Goodwin's services are most essential to the well-
being of our organisation, which comprises
a membership of more than one thousand,
and ;  ,
Whereas, Albert Goodwin a services, as
business agent, will be very difficult to replace, and, If not granted, would seriously
affect the business relations of our organisation, and ,       .    ,,
Whereas. The claim for exemption Bhould
apply to official of organised Labor, as It
does apply to thc employers of labor, who
are granted the privilege for claiming exemption for their employees on similar
grounds; therefore, be It
Resolved, Tbat tbe Trail Mill and Smeltermen's union requests that our claim be
Elven consideration for Mr. Goodwin, our
uslness agent, whose duties are to look after
tht billness tf tht Smeltcrmea'i union, In
tht interest tf tht numbers, especially at
thla time, ander tht most trying circutn-
status U It will Itunvenience tbe buslnexs
af tht trgaalsalion lo the detriment of the
mak and wt, katwlag tbls too well, we again
uk that yoa meet with this re<iucHt
and glvt tht desired exemption to Mr. Good-
wli. (Ilgaed)
Committee.   ,
 ,    in   	
 w m—
Offlelsl Nominee of the B. 0. Federation ot
Offlelsl Nominee of the B, 0. Federation of  Offlelsl Nominee of tko B. 0.
Labor Ubor
Returned Soldier Criticizes
, ******      ******      ******      ******
Club We Hear So Much About
The great majority of the soldiers,
before their spirit of patriotism, or
whatever it waa took them to war, belonged to the working class. A considerable number of theso same men have
returned maimed and crippled. Among
what class will thoy flnd friendsl The
Unionist" politicians try to taake it
appear every man in uniform is a supporter of the Borden government which
gave the soldiers of Canada such a miserable deal, especially the men who
have como back. The public will not
swallow the miserable lies of the Unionists when they say the soldiers are
wilting to forget the government of
Canada w«nt back on its bargain with
there. The soldiers Vill never forget
the rotten deal handed to them, and
they are not backing the government.
The Labor candidates hav-e received
letters from some of the returned men.
The following is a letter from a returned soldier which J. H. McVety,
Labor candidate for Vancouver South,
and who is opposing Major Cooper,
Unionist, received yesterday:
"I saw a few lines of your speech
at the Queen Mary school, Tou said
that the returned soldiers have to have
tag days to keep up their club. Whose
clubf That Ib not the returned soldiers'
club.    That is a branch of the Cana-
They buy liberty bonds with tho money
they collect from the innocent public.
Aro you aware they havo invested Ave
thoisand dollars in liberty bonds f I
read it in The Daily World beforo thoy
had their last tag day. You can not
eat at that club without a meal-ticket.
Tbere is a certain clique that is benefitting by it. I will name them: Har-
net gets $125 a month. He is supposed
to find the returned soldierB a job and
the only job he can find is a scab job.
Drinnan holds two positions—one on
the exemption board and tho othor on
tbe customs. Lees gets $100 per month.
A bullconner, Robinson, has a job on
the exemption board. Ood help the
poor private I He gets it in the neck.
They send him down to the harbor
board for three dollars a day to wield
the pick and shovel.
"80 you soe, my dear McVety, tbo
soldierB get no benefit from that club.
It is the survival of the fittest there,
as elsewhere. I wish to Ood the public could bo put wise to this graft, as
we do not want charity, but only tbe
right to live.
"Why don't you try to get the soldiers in the union f The big interests
are trying hard to make strikebreakers
out of them. I know, for a fact, they
tried to got returned men to scab in
the sugar refinery and   they   shipped
dian club. Are you aware that we have them from Victoria. I, myself, 'was
to pay six dollars a week for board at asked to go. They offered me four dol-
that clubf   I call it the grafters'"club, law a day, but I refused to go."
Did Portion of Victory Loan
******      ******      ******      ******
Go to Mackenzie & Mann?
Somethiug like $350,000,000 was contributed by the people of Cnnnda tu the
victory loan. It was presumed this
money was to bc used for the purchase
of war munitions and supplies to be
sent overscan.
It is stated on good authority that
the Canadian treasury lias been running
pretty low ou account of tho tremendous war expense—largely increased by
profiteering—and that unless the Victory Loan were a succcbb the country
for the next few months, until parliament could sit again, would bc getting
along with u lean cjpbonrd.
In tbis connection, and bearing in
mind the success of tbe Victory Loan
and tbe purposes for whicb it wus uted
—according to whut the people were
told—it is interesting to note that an
order in council wus passed a few days
ngo paying out to the Cnnndinn Bank
of Commerce on behalf or the Canadian
Northern deal—better known as thc
"C. N. R. steul"— the lnrge sum of
WaB  this  money  u portion   of  the
Victory Loan'' supposed to be for the
purchase of wur supplies, and muni-
That the Victory Loan wus tlio only
available fund at tho time is generally
believed and general belief, too, is thut
the money for currying out the government'a   agreement  to   puy   $00,000,000
for Cunadinu Northern rnilwny stock,
said to be absolutely worthless, camo
out of the subscriptions by the peoplo
to the Victory Bonds.
If that is the fact, and the public
will believe it, it is nothing surprising
on thc part of tho Borden government,
which is kept in power by a horde of
profiteers who aro responsible for the
deplorably high cost of living throughout the length and breadth of tho Dominion, and who have piled up tremendous fortunes out of their profltH from
the war.
His Inevitable Fate Wil Be
to Beg a Job From
Some Capitalist
Why He Should
Support Labor Ticket
At the Polk
The inevitable position at ttetj returned soldier will be in tbe raaka of
tbe working class. We bave ao yrttee-
sional army in Canada. Oar arajjr eoma
from the bench, the anvil, tbe plow Hi
the desk; men of labor who flocked to
tke danger tone at the call of their
country. When the war la onr. theae
mon who bave braved tke battle will
have to return to peaceful empkyaaent;
eack one will kave to seek ■ job from
those wbo are privileged u captaiM at
industry, says the Alberta Non-Partisan.
As thlnga are aow, tbo retaraed H**
diers will bave to pay fer tke war a»
*ell as fight. Instead of taking tke
enormous profits of ciploiting industries
and applying them immediately to our
war debt our government intends to
continue to allow profit-making. Tk*
government kas compelled tke eoldiera
to give their lives, aad then will compel
them and their children to pay.
If the soldiers are anildus te seo
Canada do her best in tke war, as we
believe they are, why should they bo
averse to sec all natural resources and
wealth put up to back tko aoldiers in
the trenches! Canada can do her best
only when her whole economic strength
haB boon thrown in.
For winning tbe war, for paying for
the war, and for the times aftor tbo
war, the Labor party alone makes fuU
and adoquato provision, and ae tko aoldiers aro laborers, tbeir legal position
is now to support every Labor candidate in tbo field. They have nothiag
to gain, neither for themselves nor for
Canada, nor for the war by supporting
11 mock Union government.
Labor's Fighting Campaign Fund
Mr. Sumuel Oompers, in recent convention assembled at Buffalo, reaffirmed
his position ngninst government by injunction and declared thnt any injunction dealing with thc relationship of
employer and employee based on thc
dictum that labor iH property, "bc held
as usurpation und disregarded, let the
conscq>iencos be what they muy." ThiB
sounds perilously near like unto Bedri-
tion. Dollars to doughnuts that he who
would offer similar advice In regard
to the conscript Infamy, whieh hns been
fustcned upon the people by un authority usurped for the purpose, would
either lund in jnil, be hung by n )nob,
er be whipped by white cup hoodlums,
for being n "pro-Gorman" uud n sedition monger. Humiicl's dictum us above,
wns culled forth by some recent decision of ft court in the stnte of Washing
ton, whicli enjoined strikers from pick
eting. His resol.ition condemned thc
"reactionary attitude" of tho court.
As the good mnn was never yet known
to entertain a progressive Idea nor harbor  ll progressive  thnught,  but, on  tlie
contrary, always travels with his bnck
to the future und his face to the punt,
!ii.i ill.'turns denouncing reaction nre usual ly strangely remindful of ''Satan re-
linking sin."
Cut out the above 1 till in your naiuo and addrcM and the atnoinl 701 ara wilUu
tn contribute to the campaign fund ot tbo I). 0. Federation of Labor, and ftrwtri
with cnrloKim' i» R. rami, Pettipieca, Labor Templa, Vuuetnr, B. 0. •»•
am..nut!, will be acknowledged from week to work and forwarded to lie B. 0. t, ef 1*
treasurer to lie uaod In idcurlng the election* af Fedoration candidal*! oa Dae. 171k
to thu federal  house of commune.    There li no tine to loie,   Do It today,
Previously acknowledged 	
A Friend. Nanalmo 	
C. H. Kimball, Lund,  It. C. .
..— 976.00 ' Poor Workman, Vancouver ..... _.™._ l.M
 "«    3-00 h J. Unebury, Arlington, Ore. -   1.09
    1.90 . B. Mitchell. Drllaanla  „  )H PAGE POUR
FBIDAT December U, 1917
The Chief of Political Staff
Blows His Bugle and
Toots His Horn
Ably Points Out, However,
That His Military
Fame Is In Pawn
[By Rebecca Macintosh]
Majah Cooper appears to be having
a vory bad time of it indcod. His
power of persuasion is worn out, unless
those who ought to know, arc greatly
miatnkien; for there is no blinking tho
melancholy fact: Tho Majah-all-ah is
very far frota being tho idol of tho
soldiers*, or for that matter, of those
others whose suffrage he solicits, in thc
coming election.    Among thc workers
his reputation is as unsavory as could
possibly be imagined. His fragranco
is of the sort that lingora long in the
memories of tho sous of toil. Watch
the gallant (f) Majah fade into tbe
dim blue of the distance of political
oblivion. Scarecrows on tbe road
might oblige by giving tbe usual salute, eut of respect to tho passing of a
superior officer.
*   *   #
An old saw hath it that, "A good
article always recommends itsolf." Tho
Majah is no slouch when it comes to
tooting his own horn. Therein he shows
not only a weakness, but nn immodesty
that ill becomes his uniform, to say
nothing of the tremendous ignorance
he displays regarding a 'fgood article."
No good article in tho shapo of mun,
and certainly no good soldier, would
filch from "Little Jack Horner," the
title of distinction possessed only by
thnt celebrated infant. ThQ Mnjnh
should observe thai the ejaculation,
"Oh, what a good boy am I!" should
not anticipate the plum he is so eager
to pull out of the political pie.
To the women who, for this occasion at leastfc are expected to support
with their voteB such a paragon as the
Mnjah, the way ib clear. A hero would
have a snap. Women adore heroes.
Let any doubting Thomas take a real
live hero into a roomful of women nnd
find out for himself. Why, they'd
cackle their hoads off praising his fine
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
The merit and real worth of
this publication is shown by the
fact tbat aince It was lixuod on
November, 1816, orders for thousands of copies have been reeolved from all parts of the world
and additional orders are coming
ln by every mail.
In a clear-cut and concise style
thia booklet goes thoroughly into.
the question of the economic position of capitalist society and tho
position of the working classes in
relation  to It.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and the worker are dealt with in
a manner which Rolves in plain
and forceful logic many points on
which the workor of today Is often
1 'at sea'' wben meeting arguments.
—the uatad  writer  ob wag*  workers'
preUMM who baa glTan tho laat word od
this ratjoct in "Tha Oanesis ud Erola-
Packagea of 100 eoplos or
mora, 5 cants por copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or In aay number up to 100 copies, io centa
each (postpaid).
Muy labor organisations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of
this booklet, tbelr flrat ordere having been readily disposes ot by aale or distribution.   Theae advices atate tbat the booklet Is eagerly sought and read with
keel intereat by their membera.
Address aU ordara to
The B.C. Federationist
appearance. His face woold be kiBscd
till it was black nnd blue, in less than
ten seconds, and he wouia have to mako
np tho chimney, and go like hell at
■that, to escape being torn to pieces for
souvenirs of the joyful event.
The humor of the situation is obvious.
But not to Majah Cooper.
#       w       w
Tho citizens of Mar polo nnd vicinity
attended a "gas attack" given by tha
gallant Majah and a few or his running hiatos. Our hero was in n plaintive mood. Ho had been attacked by
Thc Critic. That villainous publication
had two times, during this enmpnign,
expressed its "doots" concerning tho
Mnjnh's excellence ns a soldier. As
tho Majah grandiloquently exclaimed:
"I hnd to defend my honor." Then
he rend to thc enthralled gathering the
demnnd of The Critic, thnt he show his
credentials and prove his statements
regarding thc length of timo he served
in the trenches. The major, in-defense
of his honor, wont on to state that ho
had joined the First Canadian Contingent at Valcartier in August, 1014, wns
in France with the Seventh battalion
in February, 1015, and fought in all the
battles in which that battalion wns
engaged in the fierce fighting around
Ypres. Ho wound up tho story of h(is
long nnd distinguished militnry career
with Uie following astounding declaration: "General Odium will give me a
clear record if I have lo hnve one!"
Thnt from tin officer nnd presumably
a gentleman! Shades of our noble
doad tn Flanders; this from a soldier!
The Critic must have been right. If
tho fair fame nnd name of Major Cooper needs to seek asylum in Ihe ample
bosom of General Odium, whnt ails the
delicate thing that only the urge of
grent necessity, will induce tho genoral to let it out to run about?  *
Tho Mnjah is not the only man on
record hnving a reputation with a
string attached to it; but he is the first,
nnd let it be hoped, the only soldier of
whom history will record:
"To tho implication that ho was
without honor—suggested tho contrary
by admitting that his rcpatation was
in 'hock.' Accused was unable to produce the ticket, but' remembered the
nnhic of the pawnbroker."
With one ralher voluble nnd garrulous exception, tho Intfles—Lord bless
them—are taking littlo interest in this
campaign. The Union pnrty is the
party of expediency Hnd ineptitude; of
ways that are mysterious, and devious
to a sickening degree. I-iko Cain of
old, its Borden is more than it can
bear; its strength is not in its loins;
nnd tli^ women of Cnnnda, like the women of Israel, grown meticulous with
tho years of sacrifice, are fully and
fairly "dead iwixt to it."
New Westminster
Federal Riding-
A jury In the federnl I'ourt nt Knnsns
City roturned a verdict of guilty
against nine defendants charged with
"conspiracy to obstruct the operntion
nf the selective draft law." They were
each given a sentence of two years in
thc federal penlfcontinry, nnd n line of
$1000 and costs. At Pittsburg two
young lawyers who failed to register,
wero given ton months each, and before entering sentence against them,
tho nuthoritios took them bofore thc
local board and compelled them to register for service. Thus is "democracy" vindicated nnd autocracy t-orri-
fled. I
I stand for conscription of manpower to defend our boys at the
front. My son is there.
I stand for conscription of resources, services and wealth, all
war profit: that our soldiers may
receive equal pay with those at
home, and their wives, children
and dependents may receive out
of the treasury of the country
enough to sustain them in comfort. Cut out the pauper Patriotic Fund.
I stand for the American insurance for their boys whereby in
addition to pay, pensions, separation allowances far exceeding
ours, insure the soldiers for $10,-
000, at $6.50 per month.
Let the loud-mouthed life conscriptionist come through and
put up some of the millions made
out of the flesh and blood of our
Watch paper for draft of insurance which, if elected, I shall introduce on behalf of our boys
and their wives and children.
Save Canada from Kaiserism!
Candidate for Comox-Alberni and Vancouver Centre
In this crisis an advocate of every sane and effective means to win the war, but opposed to autocracy
and all that smells of Prussian militarism in Canada
—an uncompromising opponent of profiteers, professional patriots and chocolate soldiei'3; believes i l,
paying the soldiers adequately, abolishing the patriotic fund and giving the soldiers' dependents a fixed
and sufficient amount to live on absolutely independent of any offensive charity fund; treating returned soldiers right in the way of suitable pensions an:!
terms, and cutting out politics, favoritism and snobbery from the army; insists upon conscription of
wealth before conscription of men, and is "prepared
to fight to the last dijeh against the dragging of
more of our boys to the front until other parts of
Canada have done their duty. Views with alarm
the prospect of our industries closing if 5000 more
working men are forced away, and hates the alternative of the industries being kept going by Asiatics,
who will flourish while our own people perish. Urges
that Canada's best service to the Allies lies in the
direction of growing foodstuffs and building ships,
HP"' T|
____m& \s • •
IpiI  Hii
\———————————rr' '■*''■
L ol
—\\W>    ~' __——————
i-'"- SHI
i- •    "1!
, • i      ■ ;■ J
K* '
and believes that if the awfui economic conditions
prevailing in Canada are put right, and the men in
the army and returned soldiers are treated right,
that Canada's response to the colors will continue
to be as enthusiastic as ever, without the need of
any medieval press gang methods.
Twenty-one years in public life as member of the
Dominion House, member of Provincial Legislature,
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education,
Governor of the Yukon, and Senior Judge of the
County of Vancouver.
Always a consistent champion of true Democracy,
the rights of the people and a white British Columbia, i
Is pledged to adjust the fishermen's grievances,
and expose the workings of the fish monopolies.
Vote for a man who has always lived close to the
people, and in this their greatest fight, is standing
true" to democracy and principle.
[___   ] mmrm
OPPIOIAL tana BBima totv
vstau nrantnw or mm
NINTH YEAR.   No. 50
(■lEW)      $1.60 PER YEAR
We Advise You to
Buy an Extra Pair
Your Size in
Right Away
The price is bound
to go higher very
And we hope this
advice is a real service to you.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
Heavy Silk Boudoir Caps,
worth $1.25, for i	
Here ia a special assortment of high-grade Boudoir Caps.
Regularly priced $1.50 to $3.60 each at 20 per cent Discount
i*—» * ■ .-.,...,.,.*- *       "'.■*m.<„.,.,+,m»maittmtaaam
Tomr chance to get one of these at a low price.       ttt A   f\fA
We are jelling them from $1.25, for .«pleUU
To $4,50, for a)3.60
Boidoir Caps and Camisoles both on display in onr windows.
Remember that during our sale everything in stock is subject
to discounts up to 20 per oent,
SABA BROS., Limited
Christmas Suggestions
FOR MEN—Dressing Robes, House Coats, Mufflers, Gloves in
kid or moclia silk, wool or fur lined; Handkerchiefs, Fanoy
Suspenders, Arm Bands and Garters, Umbrellas, Neckwear,
FOR BOYS—House Conts, Dressing Robes, Gloves, Handkerchiefs, Suits and Overcoats in latest raglan and belt makes.
. 301 to 315 Hastings Street West
Tel. Sey. 702
Trimmed—$1.00 up    |     Velvet—75c per yard
STETTS 977 Granville Street
The Sign USE
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon        Sausage-
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
10 Sub, Cards
Oood for one year's snbicrlpfloa to Th* B.
0. Fiilt-ratliHilit, will bo mailed to ny id-
drtui in Canada for |10. (Oood anywhere
outside of Vancouver city.) Order ttfn today.   Pi-mlt when sold.
f Owing to my being out of town for the week-end, and to
business pressure, I bad not time this week for "Points for
the Publio on Dentistry."
f Next week, however, there will be in this spaoe a brief description of what is known as Synthetic Porcelain whieh is
constantly growing in favor and which is, without doubt,
Mueh nearer thc ideal than any filling material whloh hu yet
■i Read my letter to the editor on the Capitalist Prut ui
Bussian Revolution.
BBOTHBtt ELECTORS: Like thi individual In tht cartoon, 70a have arrlTed at thi signpost, Apparently thi gentleman li thinking.
That, at any rate, is a good sign, became If a penon hu the faomlty to think he will remember white hla vote landed him the lait time.
If yon do not possess enough Intelligence to think—veil,—either of the two roade, starting on the right will do—for thoy both Join ud
lead way baok to where yon started. The road to th* left U the etarting point of a new era. It Is the natural sequence to the treatment
which is being handed ou* to the workers today: When a man la denied the right to hare a conidence; when the nmplroi of Canada
an allowed to suck the life-blood from tbe bodies ef the fieri ***n militarism is rife, and corruption and patronage an rampant; whin
women an.disfranchised and men ate degraded through upholding their principles. If you desire to oast your ballot in protest against
the conditions under which we now lire; If you desire te be npruented by one of your own class, then—cast your ballot on December
17th and vote for LABOB!
in 1 w
Authorities Make No Claims
for Exemption for
City Firemen
Exemption Claimed for a
Young Law Student in
City Solicitor's Offlce
One feature of the work of the exemption tribunals that will interett
local labor men is the attitude adapted
by the city counoil toward the nre laddies. In no caae has the oity applied
for exemption for this class of employees.
No doubt exists in the minds of labor
men as to the true reason for this, no
matter hon much patriotism may be
urged by the mayor and his council in
support of their action. In a number
of cases firemen have been granted exemption on the olalms put forward on
their own behalf, proving to the satisfaction of the tribunals that they were
more needed at home to look after those
dependent upon them, than ln going to
the front and leaving their kith and
kin at the mercy of the profiteers.
Just what the position ef the city
will be if is not hard to reallie. Chief
Carlisle hu continually complained of
the lack of skilled1 men) even when
labor was very plentiful, and he will
certainly have a problem tn his hands
if many of hla men fail te secure exemption.
In one tribunal within the last few
days, the claim of a captain of a Ire
hall was disallowed, who had been is
the employ of the eity for eight years.
In another case, a man who has charge
of the chemical apparatus at one of the
fire halls, with a record of five and one-
half years' servioe for the city, wu
disallowed—aud solely because the men
concerned had based their claims for
exemption on the grounds that their
work was of national Importance, and
the city had put Tn no claim for exemption for them. It is to the honor of
tho mon conoornod that they mado absolutely no complaint.
What the working men of Vancouver
would like to know is: Bas the mayor
and his counoil adopted this line of action (or, rather, lack of action), from
inotivos of patriotism and love of country, or aro thoy actuated by petty revenge against the firemen for taking
part in a striko last year to secure reasonable hours of labor f
It would bo intorosting to know just
wliaft the firo underwriters think of this
sort of thing.
Howevor, thero is at least one person
in the employ of the oity hall for whom
tho city authorities saw lit to apply for
exomption. That young man is a clerk
and yoang law student on the staff of
Oity Solicitor Jones. Of course, he
was more needed for the welfare of the
city than any of the experienced Ire-
lighters', The clerk teeured hit exemption, not beoause the city asked for it,
but because the medical board said he
was not ln Class "A.".
For ways that are mysterious, commend us to the mayor and his council,
Warehousemen Will
Meet Next Tuesday
New Organisation Is Making Excellent
Progress and Steady Growth
One of the, nowly-organized unions
which is showing a splendid growth Is
that of the United Warehousemen!'s
assooiatioa. Although only a few weeks
old, some of tho warehouses are already ttt per cent, organised. At the
meeting on Monday night, 13 new members were enrolled. The members start*
ed off right by subscribing for The
Federationist in a body. The next
meeting of the association will be held
Tuesday night at the Labor Templt.
Mass Meeting
To Close Campaign of
Labor Candidates
Members of organized Labor
are asked to keep this specially
in uiiud and be present, making
a successful ending to a very
successful campaign. Speakers
will be: E. T. Kingsley, R. P.
Pettipiece, J. H. McVety nnd
V. R. Midgley.
Old-Timer of Typo. Union
Dies in Jilneau, Alaska
—Was Known Locally
Members of local organised Labor,
particularly of the Typographical
union, will learn with regret of tho
death of Mr. A. B. Hoerle, who passed
away at Juneau, Alaska, on Nov. 30.
The remains were brought down from
the north to Seattle, where interment
took place.
Deceued, who was a comparatively
young man, being in Ue Mth year,
came here from Rossland a number of
years ago, and at once took an active
part in the affairs ot the Typographical union. He htld numerous offices, at
one time being vice-president, About
six years ago his health began to fail,
and he decided to leave the printing
business (being at the time a member
of the staff of the old News-Advertiser) and eater other fields of lahor.
With that end in view, ne went north,
and worked for some time around the
mines. However, the diseue whieh he
tried to escape, failed to relinquish its
hold, the immediate oause of doath being an attack of hemorrhage of the
A wife and daughter are left behind to mourn his loss, snd the sincere
Bympathy of all. thoso who knew him
will go out to the family in their bereavement.
Military Doctor Makes Fatal
Error—Gives Dose of
Salts to Dying Man
A tragic tale comes from the Cambie
street armory. A young soldier named
Boe, was taken tick. He reported to
the army turgeon, a doctor nomed Mac*
donald. who prescribed a dose of salts
and told tho young soldier he would be
all right.
Two days later this splendid young
fellow was dead. He was a victim of
the dread black diptheria, one of the
most dread diseases on earth. These
are the bald facts u related to a representative of this paper.
The boy's parents art reputed to ht
in good tirtsmttaacet end* will tarry
the tate to Ottawa. Meantime, a quarantine of hie comrades is la forct.—
Kitsilaao Timet.
Opinion of Franchise Act
Direct from Zone of
Bloody War
An Inkling of the Feeling
Among Canadians At
Battle Front
Anybody who imagines for one mo*
ment that the soldiers, either at the
front or returned, are all married to
the Borden ''union" government, hu
another guess coming. And if there
are some people so dense sb to assume
that the 45,000 trade unionists who
have enlisted from Canada are any the
less trade unionists if still alive, may
receive a rude awakening during the
events of tho next few weeks. The
FederationiBt is constantly in - receipt
of lotters from the front. One whioh
reached this office last Monday, written by an ex-official of tho Vancouver
eontral Labor body and a participant
in several of tho conventions of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, is a
more than passing interest at a time
when tho boys who ABB WINNING
THE WAR must bc buiy voting for
their party choices in the present eleetion.   It reads, in part:
An "At-the-Pront" Viewpoint
"I have boen promising you a letter
for a long time, but you know—lack
of ambition partly, and then there Is
so much I want to tell you that the
consor (I mean the Canadian edition)
would not allow to roach you, that I
feel disgusted overy time I think of
starting, I havo let loose a few criticisms of the Pirate Crew in Canada ln
my letters to another of our mutual
friends, but they were smothered. They
might be of 'assistance to tho enomy,'
you know. Your last Fedorationist,
Sept. 26, voices my own sentiments, as
well as those of my comradoB. Believo
mo, wc woro glad to get theso papers.
Wo recoivo somo of tlio Vancouvor
dailioB tflso, and in ono way or another
wo keop protty fair tab on tho mis*
ilulngs of our putriotic representatives.
I guoss wo won't do a thing lo that
gnng when wo got a chanco, but It mny
not bo by voting ut this long rnngo.
. . . That Franchiso Act Is nbout tho
rawest thine I evor hoard of. I am
told Ihut I, uy coming hore, hnvo givon
voles to my wifo, nlso my throe sisters.
It's too bud I ha von't u couplo of
mother-in-laws. I havo written thom
nil asking thom to diBposo of my franchiso in a proper manner, but maybe
the letters will not reach them. It
ia simply boll tho way tho Canadian
governmont has permitted our wives
and kiddies to be robbed of their munificent allowance I can't understand
why tho governmont dors not lueroaio
our pay, for thoy got it all, anyway.
And now, afruid of losing their grip,
the Bordenites have invited tho hungry
howlers of tho opposition to join them
and share in tho spoils, on the assumption, evidently, thut half a loaf is better thnn mi bread, Just wait until wo
get back, whenever that if What wo'11
do to that outfit of robbers wouldn't
look well in print."
Suits and Coats
Ladyware Sale
Do yon realise whtt a reiuttoa ef W eai
331-3 per sent means!
20 per eent. discount means a lftk ofl—teat
80 cents does the work of a toller.
331-8 per eent. diseotat status's.Ufa* eel— ,
that H 8-8 cents don the work of a '
That's t big saving—en
in the faoe of constantly lwreeaUf prists,
COATS in fanoy mixtures oi gem, eeawm
and olive tones and wool valours, hieeMttfct
and boliviu in plain effects.
SUITS in taupe, brown, peel, parpk, Meek
and new bluet.  A ran opportunity fer teetriig
holiday attire at minimum prison.
We keep faith with you on quality and vale*.
564 Granville St    /    Opp. Drysdale's
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply uf household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use o_j
or night—you can take prompt action in case of illnesi or injury. And a little attention when the first symptom develop!
often goes as far as expert attention later on,
See us.  We carry a full line of drugs and proprietary
cines, and offer them at the lowest pricei.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Dru ggists
405 Hastings St. W. Phonos Sey. 1965 A 1M6
7 Hastings Street Weit Seymou 3532
782 OranviUe Street
2714 OranviUe Btreet
412 Main Btreet
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 1013
Bay. 2314 • ltttO
Seymour 2032
High. 236 ft 17330
HaU Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
our ever onr counter.   Address 407 Hastings Btreet West.
Every man who buys his Shoes here speaks well «f
our shoes styles and values. The man who buys Us
shoes at this store is a stranger to all foot troubles.
For shoe quality and satisfaction we lead them al
Our New Winter Shoes are lined up all ready for
your choosing.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Oovernment Olves Voters Every Opportunity to Oast Ballots Election Day
Attorney-goneral Farris announced
yesterday toot thc provincial govornment had declared a legal half-holiday
next Monday aftornoon. In viow of
the fact that tho eloction polls wUl
close at 5 o'clock, it wns doomed advisable to givo ovory opportunity to
voters to cost thoir ballots.
Smoker end Baffle
The mimbtn tf the Meat Cotters
and Butshers' union will hold a smoker
aad raffle ia tht Labor Temple neit
Wednesday evening, when every member who hat paid hit December duet
wiU get a free ticket on tho  roffle., , .... ....
About tea turkeyt will hi disposed of. ut bis desk In tho Labor Temple today
■Teddy" Morrison,   businoss ageat
of tho Electrical Workers, will bo baok
Lighten the Home Labors
with the
Gift Electrical
Electric appliances will give pleasure to the
recipients every day in the year
Chafing Dishes
Curling Iron*
Disc Storei
Foot Warmeri
Hair Dryers
Violet Ray Machines
Luminous Radiators
Massage Vibraton
Milk Warmers
Sewing Machine Motors
Shaving Mugs
Tea Kettles
Travellers' Sets
Water Heaters
B. 9. Electric boni
Suction Cleaneri
Immersion Heaters
Electric Toasters
Hot Pads
Washing Machines
Electric Ranges
Make a note to include a visit to thc
at our Carrall street salesroom.
Carrall and Hastings
llSSftruTuk PAGE SIX
Published awry Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federations, Limited
a. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunamulr St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription:  $1.50 per year; ln Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in   a   body,   $1.00.
New Weitmlnater W. Yatea, Box 1021
Prince Rnpert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Viotorla A. S. Wella, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of tbe World"
FBIDAY December 14, 1917
British Columbia—
Esst Kootenay--Thomas Biggs.
Wast Kootenay—1. A. Austin.       .
Massimo—Josaph Taylor.
Victoria—A. S. Wells.
Vancoivsr South—J. H. HcVsty.
Bnrrard—V. B. Midgloy.
Vsaooovsr Centre—w. A. Prltchard,
Bast Oalgary—Bor. Wm. Irvine.
Macleod—Stero Marshall
Virtoria-J. W. lesdy.
Bow Bim—D. B. Oalbralth.
John Beid, socialist.
St4 Peer—J. B. Knight, socialist.
LrtkbrlSgo—L. H. Pack.
Medicine Hat—Oeo. Pelton, sociaUst.
Jaw—James Somenrllie.
itoy—W. Seward.
Olty—Aid. A. MacBeth.
Moose J
Meeta WiMlpeg—B. A. Bigg. M.L.A.
Centre Winnipeg—B. S. Ward.
Bnadon—B. J. L. Disson, socialist.
Pert Arthur and Kenora—J. Dunbar.
Welland—J. A. Bushel.
South Waterloo—Thomas Hall.
Port  Wllliam-Balny  Biver—Aid.   A.   H.
Bert* Waterloo—Mirryn N. Smith, social*
Hamilton Eaat—0. J. Halcrow.
Hatnflton West—Walter Rollo.
Wentworth—P. 1. Flatman.
Weit Algoma—James Lockwood.
West Toronto—J. W. Bruce.
But Toronto—John Bit*.
Sooth Toronto—D. A. Carey.
Bussing—: B. Harrison.
SenthTweUlngton—Lome Onnnlngham, so*
* Si/Denis. Montreal—Alphonse Vorrillo.
Be. James—B. Porroanlt.
Hachobfa—O. Martel.
■aaaonstnvo—V. A. B
T HAS BEEN   announced   through
tto "Unionist government" press
ttat offorts are being made to bring
Samuel   Gompers,   preaident   of   tho
American Federation of Labor, to Winnipeg to tako part in
IS OOMPERS      the   prosent  election
TO BE USED       campaign.   It would
AS A DECOY1?      indeed bo an inspiring Bight to see this
muck lauded*, and especially self-laud-
ed, kigh priest of reaction, tako   the
otutap for tho "Unionist" conspirators
and against saeh well-known nnd loyal
Laber mea as Bigg and Ward, the Labor candidates in that district.    But
stil there would be nothing especially
startling about it to thoso who are at
all familiar with the career of  tho
muoh-toutod Gompers person, and his
essentially   non-progrossive   and reactionary turn of mind.   That he haB al-
wifi been tke pliant and willing tool
of ttose influences and interests in human society that are persistently antagonistic to any real and lasting prog-
nun upon tke part of tho working elass,
Is aa well known to all who have taken
paina ta follow his oareer and the record
of kis achievement a, that nothing he
may do will oause tho least Burpriso.
*        *       ♦        .
That Gompors has always been doing
politics aa best he could in behalf of
the parties of capitalism, is no secret.
That be never made but ono corroct
political guess, and that was in connection witb the election of tho present
administration in the United States, is
alee well known.  In all other cases he
has, like unto that other and even more
spectacular reactionary, Roosevelt, un-
deviatingly guessed wrong.   With the
one exception noted above every oause
to whieh be has given hia support has
gone down to defeat.   And Ms A. F.
of L.—tkat movement which ho looks
npon ■ as hia own especial proporty—
ia alio doomed to go down in defeat,
owing to its own lack of vision nnd absence of real purpose, if it does not
throw Gompors nnd his stupid and reactionary policy overboard.   That the
Gompors policy and attitudo is eminently satisfactory to all (that Is baneful
and reactionary in human society is
as have nearly all anarchists, but tho
dope ho is peddling theso days ia very,
vory bud. He is working hand in glove
with that stern revolutionist ()) Samuel Gompors, in the American Alliance
for Labor and Democracy and the good
political plums that may bo pluckublo
later on.—Public Ownership.
Ami The Federationist also notea
that of th* approximately $250,000
raised for the defenco of tho McNa-
maras thc versatilo Clarenco happily
plucked off an oven $200,000. As a
gabster of no small ealibro and a pluck-
or of plums of rare and commendablo
discrimination, Clarence is, indeed, a
pastmaBter. And Claronce may bo depended upon to be found in congenial
company at all times.
ONE NEEDS but give car to tho
cry of alarm asconding to high
heaven from tho servile throats
of tho paid henchmen of capitalism, in
their references to tho Bussian situation
,    . and  especially  to
THE WOLF IN tho outstanding
THE CAPITALIST influonco of the
SHEpPPOLD. Bolsheviki i n
shaping the affairs
of that country, to realize that the rul-
ors of all landa are becoming thoroughly frightened over tho way things nre
going. The frenzied denunciation being hcapod upon the Bolsheviki by the
liCKspittloB and Bycophants of class rule
is all that should bo required to convince intelligent persons that ruling,
clnss interests must bo grnvcly threat- '
onod by the policy of the Bussian revolutionaries and, therefore, tho interests
of tho producing clnss must be in tho
ascendant. For it may bo readily understood that no squawk of distress
would isauo from the lips of capitalists
and their scrvilo tools, if capitalist interests wero not boing threatened.
What-over may bo condemned by the
agencies of capitalism may safely bo
accepted as in the interest of the producing claaa, and that which receives
approval at the hands of such agencies,
should be shunned as a pestilence by
tho wealth producers. And by the same
yardstick may tho worth or otherwise
of all who profess to be disciples and
defenders of labor bo determined. Thoso
who receive praise at the hands of
those interests in human society which
Bap the lifo blood of the producing
claaa, may unmistakeably be aet down
as traitors to the class they so volubly
profess to aorve. And thoae who arc
condemned and vilified by tho tools and
agencies of the master clnss may safely
be avouched as true and loyal to the
cause they champion and serve.
camo all tho big corporation and financial magnates and contributed their
"widow's mite" to the noble cause,
and tne eloction crooks woro nil there
to thc last crook. And behind it all
wns the moral, ethical and spiritual
force of thc federal administration to
furnish esprit do corps to thc gallant
band of doughty captains nnd courageous crooks. But in spite of the
mighty combination1 and thc splendid
morale afforded by the brilliant array
of great statesmen, Mitchel went down
in inglorious defeat, whilo even the despised socialist candidate, Hillquit,
polled a voto approximately five times
as great as was polled for the socialist
candidate nt the previous municipal
election. The Tammany candidate went
in with n majority over Mitchel of
nearly 150,000. Tho "unionist" conspirators who aro now busily engaged
in tho noble occupation of trying to
steal an election'in Canada and who
nro receiving the undivided support of
Bimilnr intorests and type of statesmanship on this side of the line, may find
in the cxporionco of thc New York
poiiticnl crooks nnd rog.ios a possiblo
hint of the fate thnt fortuno has in
store for them around nbout the 17th
of this month.
FBIDAT December H, 1MT
imply proven by the copious stream
of fulsome flattery that is ponrcd upon
bis devotod bead by all tho agencies
of claaa rule and robbery, as well as
by the distinction bestowed upon him
by selecting him as a political tool to
hii in tho winning of elections.    No
■real Labor leader, loyal end true to the
Intorests of tho class whoso cause he
professed to champion, ever yet ro-
•ceived encomiums of praise from the
spokesmen, apologists nnd defenders of
the class that rules and robs tho toilers
of tho earth.   No man who was worth
his suit to the Labor movemont ovor
received praise from thnt class against
which his nttneks must be made if ho
■was to conserve the interest of those
whom be professed to sorvo.
*        *        *
Gompers might aa well bo told thnt
tho Labor movemont of Canada requires none of tho stort of nssistunce
that he is intellectually qualified to
give. If ho brings his talents to Canada and uses them in this campnign,
tbo workers of this Dominion will have
no difficulty in determining the virtuo
that is attachod to hia professions of
loyalty to Labor in itB struggles against
lb) constitutional enemy, tlie ruling ana
exploiting class. If he comos as a
spokesman for tho interesta thut now
hold tho producers of, Canada and of.   f QVC*    cl| A fl ind    ., t,
the world in their murderous clatohofl kfl 'd 0} h , } the flpJt rcij,
and sock by every nriflcoo strength- wol^fl fQ _m Jj^ iMr ftpp(,liranoc
on that hold nnd prolong their empiro I |n m Hhc fo]tl of lho ru]iltR clllHS aml
of tyranny and exploitation no fur- tf ,mvo £rlghtonod the shepherds out
thor evidence will be required in order ))f (hcir r ffUfl ttnd Mt thehl to
to proporly clnsify him and his organ-  Hquavking rnucoasly.
lzod machine ub among the greatest of *	
obstnclos in the pathway of Labor i j„ ,|1(, rmmt olection cnmimign in
struggling for better things. Ho will N6w York city, the gnng that noarly
prov* himself und nil for whicli ho st01d the republican nomination from
stands, to bn n rtufsiittflfl m that path- flennot, and which backed Mitchol for
■way, onc to b0 nlmtnd no matter what j the mu.v.'rulity, receivr-d the support of
the cost. .nil die large Now York pnpers except
— tt—(— | Urarst's and the New York Call.   Mlt
Clarence Darrow offers another "hor- cbol also received tho whole-hearted
rible exnmplo" of thc noclamgoodnesB support of that brilliant galaxy of
of tho wobbly anarchist type (by statesmen nnd politicnl pundits com-
"wobbly" ww mean tergiversations, posbd of Roosevelt, Elihu Root, Sam*
which moans that Wo arc throwing no j uol Oompers, Charles Edward Russell,
Blurs at thc I. W. W.—at least it will ! Fatty Taft, and a brilliant array of
explain with the holp of a good die- j feebler lights in the firmament of the
tionnry).   Darrow has his good points, | good and gront.   In addition to this
That noble champion of truth and
righteousness, the daily press, uses column aftor column in vilification and
abuse of the Russian revolutionaries.
Just as it heaps falsehood and slander
upon the roal labor movement of all
other _ countries, so does it especially
vont its sploen upon the Biissinn Bolsheviki by tho most scurrilous lying
that can be coined from chronic moral
turpitudo. Every effort is being put
forth to lead the world to believe that
thc Bolsheviki is capable of nothing
nnd bent upon nothing but destruction.
Whilo it is quite true that the Russinn
revolutionaries nro bent upon destruction, it is only the destruction of that
rule and robbery that has for a h.indred
centuries mado life a miserable burden
and a lon|r drawn out torture for tho
enslaved victims of class rule and class
robbery throughout the enrth. And
that thoy are bent upon the destruction
of that nccounta for the affrighted
squawks of that delectable gang of ruling class pirates that still have their
foul clutches upon the throats of the
wealth producers of all tho earth, And
their affrighted squawks nre as sweet
music to tho ears of all decent and honest persons everywhere, because it
brings hopo to tho hearts of all who
long for liberty and a decent civilization.
*        * *
The Maximalists, the Social Revolutionaries of the Left and tho Minimalist internationalists hnve arrived at an
agreemont concerning tno political organization of Russia. A people's counoil is boing formed consisting of 100
of tho central oxecutive committee of
tho Workmen's and Soldiers' delegates,
100 from the peasants deputies, 11 from
representatives of tho army nnd navy,
55 from representatives of thc trades
unions and 15 from representatives of
the railway unions. The lands and industries of Russia nre to bo dedicated
solely to tho purpose of providing the
Bussian poople with tho requisites to a
free and satisfactory exiatence. Production for profit'is to be discorded,
and great is the howl of distress coming
up from tho camp of tyrants, despots
and plunderers of tho earth thereat.;
Thc glorious era of plunder, trade and j
proflt that has filled tho hearts of rulers and thieves with oxceeding groat
joy and has bo intoxicated their sordid
souls with tho wino of pomp, glory and
bloody magnificonce as to make of them
objects incapable of -exciting nnything
other thnn disgust in the minds of all
docont peoplo, is to bc brought to an
, ond. as far ns Buasin is concerned. And
[that this will sooner *>r Inter bo followed by tho workors of all countries is
n foregone conclusion. Right woll do
the rulers and robbers of the oarth
know it. That is the reaaon lying behind the frantic squawks of alnrm now
issuing from their craven throats.
y    *    *
As Leon Trotsky, the BolBhoviki foreign minister said recently, "the Rub-
stall revolution hns placed its heel on
nil the propertied classes of Europe."
The swift and new alignment of political nnd economic forces is now shaping
itself In nil countries of the earth. Thc
Blnves of production are Botting their
faces against their masters and their
thieving schemes of world rule and
world robbery. The dawn of a now
dispensation is breaking. The sun of
social revolution is piercing with its
boneficcnt and lifo giving rays the dark
cloud of ignorance and reaction that
has so long ongulfod tho world in the
black night of slavery, superstition and
humnn misery. The hour for humnn
liborty haa struck. All hail to the
Russian revolutionists who by their gallant actions have givon cheer to their
comrades of other lands and struck terror to the hearts of rulera nnd robbers
THE HOLD of the slave upon tho
means of sustaining life has always boen a precarious one. His
welfare has always been at the whim
nnd caprice of his master and his masters' circumstances.
THE MENACE Sometimes ho farod
OP WOBLDWIPEfairly well, and at
STARVATION, othor times ill, indeed. And often his
good or evil fortune was more or less
determined by thc good or evil fortune
of his master. If the master wns faring well, and things were going with
reasonably satisfactory smoothness, thc
slave might bo nllowed to participate
in rhe sunlight of the musters' prosperity. If fortuno frowned upon tho blaster, .he, in turn, might frown
upon his slave and vent his spite
against his evil fortune upon that unhappy victim of servitude. Undor chat-
tie* slavery and feudalism, howover, the
slave wns nt all times fairly safe in so
far as the actually neceBBary things of
life wtore concerned. He might not always havo tho best, nor in undue quantity, but he was at loast reasonably sure
of having sufficient to keep him in fit
condition for service. As u chattlc
slave he cost too much to admit of his
master starving him to death, or even
so poorly providing for him, as to mako
it impossible for him to render the greatest meed of service. As a feudal serf
his condition was much the samo with
the exception thut he cost his feudal
lord nothing, in tho first instance.
*        * *
It has remained for capitalist production and its wage slavery, however, to
reduce the slave to such precarious conditions of existence, that in the caso
of countless millions of them, their
lives hnng by tho merest thread. A
vast multitude of these slaves of modern
capitalism, cooped up in the groat citios
nnd congested districts of civiliaztion,
are at all tihies dependent upon the
necessaries of life being brought to
them from elsewhere, nnd often from
halfway round the enrth. Taking no
part in the production of thoso things
that constitute their daily necessities,
having no access to or control over the
moans of poducing these necessities,
they nre at nil times ut the mercy of
whatever circumstance mny nrise to interrupt the regular flow of these necessary things to within their reach, whieh,
of course, includes the power to purchase them. All of the food, clothing
and shelter of the millions of inhabitants of the earth is produced in the
country districts. Although it mny bo
partially propared after it reaches the
city, and other congested districts, tho
fact still remains that tho raw material
comes almost entirely from the country
outside, Countless millions of inhabitants spend their entire lives in lines
of production thut conserve merely a
ruling class purpose and every ruling
class purpose, no mntter whnt it may be,
is always in contradistinction to all
legitimate nnd healthy humnn purpose.
*        * *
Take, for instance, the building nnd
maintenance of the thousands of miles
of city streets lined with stores, shops,
offices, banks, tenements, warehouses,
skyscrapers, court houses, city halls,
jails, police stations, churches, brothels,
armories, streets that aro forever trod
by tho feet of shuffling slaves, and
pompous masters, cunning merchants
und simple customers, pompous professors and puling pupils, rogues in uniform, knaves iu broadcloth, lesser rascals in plain raiment, legal knaves nnd
the suckers Ihey trim, heavenly chemists and thc victims of their dope, and
a motley array of human flotsam and
jetsnm 'that fares eternally forth from
the groat stewpot of wnge alavery and
pours its fetid and corrupting slime
into the channels of this rotten civilization throughout the earth. Practically
all of the energy thus expended is absolutely wusterl. aa fnr as conserving
any healthy human purpose is concerned. All of the energy expendod in wnr
nnd fully nine-tenths of that expended
in transportation lines and irnnsportn-
tion, belongs in the category of useless waste. All of government end its
tremendously expensive mechanism
likewise. All of this conserves morely
a ruling class purpose. It is all part
and parcel Of the phantnsmngoria of a
ruling class civilisation bnsed upon humnn slavery, as till ruling clnss civili*
station must bo,
caused among theso creatures of
darkness, by the pronouncement of a
Lansdowne, one of the ruling clasB official staff, who has sense enough to
aeo that the presont ruling class madness is leading to ruling claaa perdition,
by forcing such widespread starvation
and unutterable misery upon the people
of all the earth, that thoy will be corn-
polled to either rise against their rulera
and break their rule, or civilization
will poriBh by the starvation route. But
of course it is bordering upon sedition
td even mention it.
THERE1 ABE persons in this world
who are so foolish as to believe
that the safety and welfare of the
people of any given country would be
assured if those people were possessed
of a power to pro-
THE DANGER duce food, clothing,
OP HAVING shelter, etc., in ex-
TOO MITCH. cess of their daily
needs. Theso silly
persons aro no doubt prone to believe
that danger to tho wolfare and security
of tho people of any country would be
more apt to como from a lack of production, rather than from an excess,
thereof. Just how they havo allowed
themaolvos to go astray in,their deliberations and arrive at nuch faulty conclusions is not, for tho momont, worth
bothering about, but it is of tho utmost
importance that thoy should bo at once
set right in their thinking and no longer allowed to wander aibilossly in tho
field of foolish and unsound speculation.
And considering the brilliant and ample
array of intellectual talent that sits in
high places and unselfishly sacrifices its
wisdom to tho enlightenment and uplift of the common herd,, it is painful
indeed to bo called on to chronicle any
pronounced ignorance among tho com*
mon peoplo in regard to matters so elementally simple as that of feeding,
clothing and sheltering themselves in
the presence of'ample natural resources
and possessed of the knowledge aud
power requisite for the converting of
those resources to human UBe.
Conscript  Slavery   to
Made to Cover Field
of Industry
ThiB ruling class wnr has greatly
disrupted and disarranged the ordinary
ponce-time smoothness nnd regularity
of tho capitalist system of producing
mid distributing the essential things of
life, tho food, clothing, etc., that supplies the daily needs of all pooplo,
slaves included. Millions of productive
workers have boon taken from their
peace-time pursuits und turned to tho
devastation and destruction of wnr. Bo-
moved from tho production of food,
clothing, etc., in many instances nnd
set to destroying and laying waste,
whilo at the some timo they have evon
become greater consumers of the actual
necessities of life than ever beforo, tho
burden of producing sufficient of tho
really necessary things of lifo to provide for nil, luis fallen upon fewer nnd
fewer shoulders, until it is no longer
possible to meet tho requirements of
the case. Millions aro starving in consequence. And many more millions will
surely pass over the great divide by
that route, if the present world suicide
is not speedily halted. And this starvation will not be confined to thc countries actually at war. It is oven now
pressing upon neutral countries in a
manner thut <-;iIIh for sober nnd earnest,
thought by v\\ who have uny regnrd for
the safety of riviliziitioii. Jn the countries directly involved in the bloody
trugody, tho throat of eventual complete extermination by stnrvation looma
unmistakeably apparent, except to
blood-drunken niilitnriHts nnd dander
headed statesmen of the true Prussian
type.   And what n commotion has been I
Socretary McAdoo, of Washington,
delivered a liberty dny addreBB'. McAdoo is not oxactly a crown prince, although he is a son-in-law of President
Wilson. That he is some authority upon
financial and economic subjectB goes
without saying. Were he not, he could
not hold down his prosent job. Anybody can seo that. In tho course of
his liberty addroBS, Mr. McAdoo reminded his hearers that the United
States wont to war in 1812 to vindicate
hor right to the freedom of the seas,
and had maintained it ever since. He
then said:
"Why is that right so essential to
America's lift and security? It is
because we have always produced
more than we can consume at home,
And the very prosperity of our people,
their very life, in fnct, depends upon
thoir ability at all times to Bell that,
surplus in thc open mnrkots of thc
Prom this it may bo easily seen that
any serious interference with the freedom of the Bens might forco tho people
of tho United States into serious distress, owing to the fact they might not
be able to sell that which they could
not "consume at homo." Aa they always "produco moro than thoy cun consume," it is manifestly plain that if
they do not sell tho surplus, they must
inevitably perish, presumably from
starvation. "Thoir very lifo, iu fact,
depends upon their ability ... to
sell that surplus in thc open markota
of the world." McAdoo certainly
makes it plain onough.
But to lay all jokes aside, that is tho
sort, of nonsonBe that is peddled by the
high priosts of piffle in the aervice of
capitalism. The fact of the matter is
that the producers of no country arc
nny better off by virtuo of trade and
commerce. All trade and commerce is
carried on by means of that which is
taken from the producers of woalth,
and for which thoy got nothing in return. All trado and commerce is predicated upon the enslavement of labor
and thc seizure of its produeta. Trnde
is mnde possible by no other means.
Thc actual woalth producers of all
countries exist by virtue of food, clothing, etc., that ia, as a rule, produced in
their own countries and most of which
is brought forth in thoir immediate
neighborhood. And whero this rule has
been departed from through the development of capitalist Blavery, with its
trade and commerce method of disposing of thc plunder accruing therefrom,
and the producers are compelled to depend upon any appreciable part of their
food, etc., boing brought from other
countries, their Jives arc seriously jeopardized by any interruption of the
freedom of the seas. Quite a number of
European countries cnn at the prosent
moment bear eloquent testimony to this
* * *
It is to bo hoped that the outcome of
this war mny bc the oponing of the
eyes of the working people of the various countries to the miseries that have
been heaped upon them undor tho capitalist regime of exploitation, trade and
commerce. If thc survivors of tho war
return to thoir respective lands imbued
with thc necessity of ending the capitalist regime of enslavomont and plunder, thoy will tuke steps at onco to put
such a spoke in thc wheel of world
trade and commorce thnt its machinery
will be wrockod, and its further poBsi-
bility for mischief onded for all timo.
The productive power of a people
should be turned solely to the end of
feeding, clothing, sheltering nnd otherwise providing for itsolf, and no longer
be used for purposes of world trade and
ruling class nggrnndizoment. The
things roquired for human comfort and
satisfaction, should bo produced for
that purpose and that purpose alone.
They should not bo produced for sale
to others, but for use by thoso who produce them. That policy once sot up by
the workors of any and all countries,
and war will novor again afflict the
earth and curse tho sons of'men. Production for uso by thoso who do the
work, will Bpell the encfc of human slavery, and the arrival of democracy and
liberty will blesB the earth. Thoro will
no longer be danger in having too
much.   Better think it over.
Lumber Workers of West
Coast to Get a Taste
of Democracy
The FederationiBt was among the flnt
to point out tho real significance tnd
danger of the military conscription
scheme. That it signified the end of
all democracy and the upriae of an autocracy patterned upon Prussian lines,
was sufficiently apparent to arouse tho
alarm of every one who gave it a
thought, and had any regard for the
privileges and liberties that had been
wrung from the paat. Asd every move
that has been made by the powers that
be since the miserable business wai
called up by the forces of reaction and
the enemies of democracy and human
progresa, haB confirmed the judgment
that this paper passed upon the infamous scheme at its inception.
As has often been asserted in theae
columns, enforced military servioe if
the abnegation of all democracy. It ia
the death of all liberty. It registers
the supreme triumph of all that is autocratic, tyrannical and despotic. And it
could no more be confined to strictly
military ends and purposes, once established, than could the ocean's storm be
held in leash by the pony hand of
man. From every quarter of the ruling
class world comes the demand, ever
more Insistent, that enforced service,
conscript slavery, be utilized to conserve
the profit-hungry needs of ruling class
industry as well as to satisfy the blood
lust and martial ardor of those same
rulers and ruffians of the earth.
The following, from the weattle Star,
affords an excellent example of the per-
fervid patriotism that actuates the masters of industry in their zeal on behalf
of "democracy and the rights of small
A Bliks' Watch Is sui« of appreciation as
a Christmas gift. It is guaranteed ln eroiy
way—tot long sorvico as wall aa reliability.
Hero is a watch we oan specially recommend for
Fully jewellol bracelet watoh, solid nickel movement, sterling silver case; leather strap....glO,(M)
A fine asBortmont of sterling silver watches suitable
for girls and yojng ladies.
Many dainty models with sterling silver expansion
bracolets,   from -915.00
LADIES' WATCHES, with latest detachable expansion braoolots and every improved feature:
Iu gold-filled cases, from	
In solid gold cases, from...
Our standard railroad watch, accompanied with
Observatory Bating Certificate, is a fine Christmas
gift. This watch will pass railroad Inspection ia
any part of tho world.
Call and see onr range of men's watches.
Henry Birks & Sons Ltd.
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man, Dir.
OranviUe Street
Store open Saturday ovening.   Wo will bo opon tho
evenings of Thursday, Friday and Saturday next
week, also on Christmas Eve.
''Employment oi troojix to work in lumber mills I
"One hundred and fifty lumbermen of tlie
lumbermen's Protective league nnd the
Washington Employers' Association went on
record bs being in favor of this, Friday
night at tho Mew Washington hotel. A set
of resolutions to this effect was adopted by
the lumbermen and wired to Nowton D.
Baker, secretnry of war.
"The meeting was called for tm- purpose of conferring with Coll Urico Disque,
U. S. A., in chargo of spruce distribution
and cutting in the Northwest for tho ninnu
facturo of aeroplanes.
"The attitude of owners of spruce stump-
age, mnny of whom, acocrding to reports,
had declined to sell or name a prico, was
discussed. It was suggosteil tbnt the government be nsked to name a maximum prico,
but this suggestion wus not acted upon.
"Tho resolutions adopted at tho meeting
"Whereas, the producers of lumber in
tho states of Oregon and Washington, tot
some time past have been, mia now are
engaged in cutting spruce and fir fur construction of airplanes for use by tho United
States and its allies in the war with Germany, ln which they are now engaged, as
well as lumber for the building of ships to
bo used in transporting United States troops
to the European battle fronts, together with
supplies for them and the allies of tho United
States; and,
"Whereas, there is now In tho lumber
industry a shortage of labor, and a portion
of the labor so employed Is not In accord
with tho results desired by the United
States;    Now,  therefore,
B-ecruit to Fall Strength
"Be it resolved, by 150 representatives of
the producers of spruce and fir in the states
of Oregon and Washington, in convention assembled at Seattle, this November 80, 1917,
that Newton D. Baker, as secretary of war.
be most earnestly and respectfully requested
to permit Col. Brlco Disque, of the United
Statos army, ln charge of the spruce production, division of the Pacific-Northwest,
Imemdiately to recruit his force of troops
to its full contemplated strength, and that
said Col. Brlee Disque be most earnestly
and respectfully requested so to recruit hie
said force of troops, to the end of increasing the availability, efficiency and loyalty of
the labor now employed in such industry.
' Vtgsj Absolute Power
"Be It further resolved, that it Is necessary, in order to produce speedily the greater quantities of lumber necessary for airplane construction, and to dispose of the
many complicated questions involved in such
production, which require prompt, positive
and decisive action; that absolute power be
vested in the executive officer representing
the United States in charge of the production of spruce so stationed fn the Paelfle
"Be H further resolved, that we hereby
publicly express to Nowton D. Baker, as
secretary of war, and to Col. Brice Disque,
of the United States army. In charge of thc
spruce production division of the Pacific
Northwest, and to each of them, our full
and complete confidence in them and each
of them, and our sincere desiro to co-operate
with them, and each of them, to tho iull"st
extent, to tho ond that victory may speedily
crown the arms of the United States and its
allies In their struggle for thc preservation
of liberty."
Although negotiations with McLeod \s
unfair cafe in tho basement of tho
Rogers' building wore renewed last
week, a settlement of tho differences
with the Waitresses was not arrived at.
So the striko will bc continued unabated, and the young lady pickets will
continue ou their "bents" as thoy havo
boen doing for tho past two months.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
In spooking bofore the interallied
conncil at Paris, Clemencoau, the
French promier, said: "We are all in
the light undor the orders of the human
conscience." But as the human conscienco hns boen abolished by the tribunal's, ovidontly acting under the ordors
of tho state, it is about time for some
onc to (irise and ask: "Whore in hell
nro wo ntt"
_ Too many lawyers, too many
parsons, too many hill collectors,
too many doctors, too many dentists, too many M.P.'s; too many
mayors and aldnrmcn, too many
' 'business" men — everywhere.
Why go short for cannon-fodder?
AVaRC-workcrs! Will you ever
awaken ?
_ There hos beon altogether too much
flng-flnpping in Canada, in a desperate
effort to Win tho Election for Borden's
profiteers.   Out with them on Monday! j
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Popular sympathy is with the girls who
are striking for bottor working conditions nnd nro only asking thnt ther
have ono day off in sovon, not necessarily Sundays. Howcvor, thore are a
fow onomics of organizod LBbor whe
persist in disregarding tho slaims Ot
tho girls and thoso the members ef
organizod Labor will "dooregard"
whoro it "hurts," for a considerable
number of thom nro in business where
they solicit tho trado of the working
J. Edward Soar,     offlc.: S.j. 4140
Barristers, Solicitor., Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vaneouvar Olllce:  516*7 Rogera Bldg.
Burbefry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Assets ....
... 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit -money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest ia paid
on balances.
Oorner Hastings and Oamkla Sti.
The Bank of British North America
BitabUihid la IMS
Branch., tbronshtrat ftn.d. .nd at
S.flnsi D.putm.nt
BUNDAY, Doc. 16—Bartenders,
Saw Filers Association,
MONDAY, Dec. 17—Machinists
Fo 720, Boiler Makers, Steam
Engineers, Electrical Workors,
Tailors Executivo.
TUESDAY, Dec. 18—Warehousemen, Amalgamated Carpenters,
Bookbinders, Butchers and
Meat Cutters, Railway Firemen, Retail Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19—Plasterers, Metal Trades Council,
TeamBters and ChaulTours,
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, Dec. 20—Mainten-
anco-of-waymqn, Trades and
Labor Council.
FRIDAY, Dec. 21—Railway Oar-
men, Granite Cutters, Molders,
Civic Employees,' Pilo Drivers
and Wooden Bridgobuildors.
a. N. STAGEY, Manager
OranviUe and Fender
Don't stow away yonr spare
ea-tb in any old corner where it is
in danger from burglars or Are.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you porfeet safety for your
money, and will give you full
hanking servioe, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. 0. JOT, Manager
Hastings and OarraU
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up .
Reaerve Finnls .
Total Assets .....
..* 12,911,000
... 14,324,000
... 287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay tn withdrawal, FBIBAT... December 14, 1917
"Mrs. Wiggs
Cabbage Patch"
Greater than "The Old Home-
Be* Margaret Marriott aa "Miss
Haaey, and Eddie Lawrence as
"Watch for the Big Surprise"
Order your aoats now or you'll
got loft.
Prices—16c, 30c, 40c
—Thursday to Saturday—
No. 13
& 00.
Diving Act
A Very Clever Child
Comedienne and Whistler
'The Fires of Conscience'
Hank-Mann Comedy
15c and 20c
Children—Always 6c
A Sketch
"In 8od.tr"
Bnalaas—Ue, SOe, 40., etc, SOo.
HsMhss—lte. Mo. SOe, Ste.
2:30,7 and 9     Oen. Adm. 16c and 30c
The Foder.tlonUt Is on 1.1. ln
Vanconver at the following new.
IS. Hastings Street Eut
Foot Qranvllle Street
Corner Hastings and Colombia
.22 Richards Street
—the Coffee yoa ou depend upon
40c per lb.
Sold in double-lined waterproof bags whioh keep it
fall Strength.
Seld unground. Your gro-
eer grinds it for you or you
grind it as you use it—you
get the full flavor.
Time Has Come for But One
Organization of Wealth
With Solid Front to the Foe
the Working Class Can
Gain Its Freedom
[By B. 0. Woodbury]
Previous to tho advent of the capitalist system the world's great problem
was ono of production, but that problem no longer confronts us since it has
been solved by capital. The great
world problem at the present timo is
not one of produetion but of ownership, management, and distribution.
The colloctive ownorsMp of property,
the democratic management of industry, with social distribution of what is
produced, ought thereforo, to be a subject of peculiar interest to the producing class.
This being so, it follows that in
ovory country in the world, whore thoy
have not already done so, it is time
for the most advanced and resolute sec*
tions of the working class to decide for
ono organization in politics and one organization in industry, so as speedily
as possible to terminate exploitation in
its various forms and bring about a
system of society in which poverty,
misery, and degradation, will be conspicuous by thoir absence and in which
there will be equality of opportunity
for all.
This is, indeed, a high and worthy
aim; a goal worth striving for, involv
ing the solution of the present great
world-problem. Those who, more or
less clearly, understand the line of
march and final general results of the
Labor movemont, havo that advantage
over the mass of the proletariat, as the
"Communist Manifesto" states, and
can greatly facilitate matters by sinking nil petty prejudices and opinions
and by casting aside antiquated traditions.
Thero was a time in the history of
tho Labor movement when the question
of tactics was not of paramount importance for tho simple reason that the
capitalist Bystem was not sufficiently
dovclopcd nnd, consequently, exploitation not so intensified us now, or as
stated by Engels: "To the crude conditions of capitalistic development nnd
tho crude class conditions corresponded
crudo theories," but thnt time is past,
becauso competition for jobs is becoming hooner, class linos nre more closely
drawn and uncertainty ns regards the
moans of existence, is, of a surety, the
only thing of which the vast majority
is certain.
The thing of prime importance always has boon to assist the great educator—the machine—to prepare the
minds of the workors for tho coming
change; and this is still of first importance, but owinjr to the degreo of
development of capital and tho consequent increnso in tho number of workors with revolutionary ideas, the question of tactics now follows as n close
This being so, it now appears that
the moBt effective way in which to
bring about tho desired result, is to
decide for one organization in polities
nnd ono orgnnization in industry, so
ns rapidly as poBBiblo to ushor in a
saner system of society, based on something higher and nobler thnn the incen-
tive of the stomach. Although there
are many who havo defective mental
vision and cannot see it, there are
some—and doubtless the number will
Boon increase—to whom it is obvious
that the giant machine clearly points
out this line of march.
The slogan, "Agitate. Educate, Organize," has been adopted as a working clnss motto the world over, and
muoh agitating has been done, yet still
more requires to be done, while most
of the educating has been done by the
machine, and no doubt it will do more
in the future. The educating of the
workors by the workers has been more
or less defective and wanting in results since the schemes and plant, used
wore not in harmony with the degree
of development at the time. But as
time passes and industry develops, the
chances of our making a mistako are
lessenod and it is a certainty that com*
ing in daily contact with industry as
we do, our ideas must ever moro and
more clearly correspond to and be in
harmony with real conditions. And to
the extent we understand conditions we
can consciously and correctly aim to
bettor thoso conditions.
In regard to fhe third and last part
of tho revolutionary motto, although
only a minority of the workers are
prgnnized nt all, yot it Booms to tho
writer thnt thoy aro, as it wore, organized too much, for thore are bo
many groups—trade union, industrial
union, syndicalist, labor, socialist, socialist-labor, democratic, and social-
democratic parties. But sinco tho ruling idoos of any period are those of its
ruling class, and thus workingmen's institutions are nocessnrily patterned
nftor capitalist ones, and mergers of
morgors, even of churches nro dnily
being formed and thus the kingdom of
God forming a trust, It Ib certain that
competition, even !n working-class
parties, must eventually destroy itself
and the result at length be one political party and one industrial organization presenting an unbroken front to
the common enemy.
Then, and not till then, will consistency be a characteristic of working-
class organizations, for this real consistency and real solidarity, and should
be tho hope and aim of every slavo
who is tlrod of his slavery and has
lost hopo in himsolf becoming a master.
In 1802 Proderick Engols wrote ns
follows: "Tho triumph of tho European
working class does not depend on Englnnd alone. It can only be secured by
tho co-operation of, at lenBt, England,
Franco and Gerhiany." This Bhould bo
moro apparent now than in 1892, even
though tho countries concerned are at
war, and sinco the United States has
becomo ono of the leading industrial
and commercial countries of tho world,
it follows that before it can fittingly
and properly co-operate with any othor
countries towards the emancipation of
Labor, it must first flght out the mat-
tor with its capitalist class, and beforo
this can bo done it must develop a far.
more united and consistent Labor movement than it contains today.
As this article is written from an
international and not a national viewpoint, I shall refrain from making any
reference to specific instances of glar
ing inconsistencies in thc American
Labor movement, besides most of them
are apparent' to anyone with a little
discernment and the good of the working olass at heart.
Let us hope then, that in the near
futuro, one organization in politics and
one organization in industry will have
been evolved and that these two organizations will not be mutually exclusive but co-operato with each other
so as to advance tho Interests of both
and of thoso who toil.
In conclusion, it would not be amiss
to make a mental note of a bit of advice given at th'e beginning of the nineteenth century to the warring philoBo-
Ehors and scientists by the groat idea-
Btic poet, Schiller, which may be aptly applied to the factions in tho Labor
movemont, and which Ib as follows:
"DoeB strife divide your efforts-
no union bless your toil!
Will truth e'er, be delivered if ye
your forcos rondf"
Election Day Strike Called
By Organized Labor
Now Unnecessary
Plan of Borden Crowd Waa
to Prevent Working
Class From Voting
Attorney-general Furls hss announced that the provincial executive
has declared a half-holiday for election
day, to commence at noon. Under
these conditions it will not be necessary to carry out the decision of the
Trades and Labor Council calling a
strike on election day so that working-
class voters may have opportunity of
easting their ballots against the Borden government and the profit-wolves
who aro gathered round him and intrenched at Ottawo.
While the polls open on the morning
of election day at 6 o'clock in Vancouver propor, the great majority of
tho working class live in the adjacent
districts, whore, undor the infamous
Wnr-Timos Eloction act, tho polls are
not to open till nine. Aa the closing
timo }n all districts is 5 o'clock, this
would mean that working-class electors
could not voto, as they go to work beforo nino and generally quit only at 5
But organized Labor would not stand
for it, and decided' upon a half-day
strike on election day so as to defeat
tho purposo of the Borden-Flavelle
Unionist crowd.
This forcod tho hand of the olvlo
authorities who decided to close down
civic work on tho afternoon of eleo-
.ion day and thus prevent the strike
on city work. Now that the provincial
authorities havo also declared a half-
holiday, it will not bo nocessary to
striko unlofls, perchance, Bome Unionist employor endeavors to force his
workmon to remain on the job, which
will be illegal.
Items of Interest to Union
Men Gleaned Around
Labor Temple
Sergt. "Bill" Youhill, of the Typoi.,
has been sent overseas by the Borden
government to assist in taking tbe soldierB' vote. Report has it that Ills
destination is Mesopotamia.
Messrs. Georgo Hardy and W. B.
Trotter have boen buBy attending the
meetings of different unionB this week
in the interests of proportional representation.
Secretary Lemon of the Painters and
Decorators' reports membership in the
union increasing as a result of an or
ganized campaign.
Bricklayers Bay that state of trade al
far as they aro concerned Is very dull,
but expect an improvement shortly. Beport has it that work will be started
on the now telephone cuilding next
week. Complaint is made that members are not enforcing the rule regarding working cards.
Businoss Agont MorriBon, of the
j Electrical Workors, roturned today
from a business trip to tho interior.
! MisB Helena Gutteridgo, campaign
manager for thc local Labor candidates,
left Tuesday night for RevolBtoke,
where she will tnko part in a nieeting
to be hold there is tho interests oi
Austin, tho Labor candidato for Wert
Mr. R. P. Pettipiece, editor of The
Fedorationist, lenves to spend the weekend on tho Island. On Saturday he
will tako tho platform In Victoria in
tho interests of Mr. Wells, the Labor
candidate there, and on Sunday night
he will be the Speaker in Nanaimo in
tho intorests of Bro. Taylor.
Deadlock With Employers
Continues With No
End in Sight
Bosses Blind to Advantage
of 8-Hour Day Over One
of Ten Hours (?)
TRAIL, B. C., Dec. 11.—The strike is
still on ut Trail, and all the men are
Arm for the demand of the 8-hour day.
Every influence to try and bring the
strike to a close has been taken advantage of, yet all efforts have failed to
altor tho attitude of both parties. The
governmont appointed Armstrong, of
Vancouvor, as commissioner to investigate the disturbance. His recommendation was for tho men to get back to
work as soon aB possiblo, bat this does
not meet with tho wisbes of the men on
striko. A committee of tbe Mill and
Smelter Men's union has waited on the
management of the smelter, but tho interview did not materialize into anything worth whilo. Wo have tho Pair
Wnge Officer McNiven.here, who is using all his efforts to get tlie parties to
settle the strike. There is nothing
worth whilo to give out to the workers
of Canada, only the strike may go on
until after the Christmas holidays, and
all workers should keep away from the
Kootenay, as the mines are all tied up
through the smelter being down.
It is a remarkable thing that for the
8-hour day, the whole of the mining industry of this part of the country
should be closed down, with all kinds
of distress impending among the workers in tho very near future, the business practically shattered through these
circumstances, especially if they are allowed to continue. This is the time
when the government should1 take hold
nnd put the 8 hours into effect, for it
certainly requires it at a smelter. The
Granby smelter (so I am led to understand) have granted the 8 hours to
their employees and everything is
working very smoothly aB a result of
that condition. Thore is every indication that the establishing of a shorter
workday tends to put the worker in a
moro contontod mind, giving moro time
for recreation, which moans to sny—
the worker iB physically and mentnlly
better off ,and when he goes back on
the job undor the 8-hour day, there is
ns much accomplished as heretofore.
There is something wrong when the
workers hnve got to Btrike to incrense
the efficiency of themselves for the
lionetfi of the employor, yet thnt is what
the trouble nt Trail really moans to
both parties. It is recognized that
thoro is only n definite amount of energy in a worker applied to any job,
thon what difference does it make by
shortening the day of tho workor if
that nmount is expended in thc operation! The shorter workdny means that
tho workors arc more alert, show moro
Bpeod, greater concentration while on
the ,iob, becnuse they hnve had more
timo from work to devote to other purposes, and which makes the human machine run far better whon applied in
thc industries. These arguments are
recognized by the big interests through
experience and practice, so if ib Ib applied at Trail Bmelter, it will bear fruit.
All men are advised to stay away until
official notice has been given that a
settlement has been reached, and which
is being expected any day now.
McLeod's Cafe Obstinately
Refuses   to   Deal
With Union
[By Pnoss Committeo]
Early in October we ondoavored to
establish union conditions in the leading cafes and restaurants ln tho city.
In a largo percentage of cafes and
restaurants our employers agreed with
us, and today our members employed
thoroin are enjoying an increase in
wages, an eight-hour day and one day
off in sovon.
In one of tho cafes (McLeod's) we
were mot with a refusal to comply with
a wage whom more than ton thousand
organized men and women, and u large
number of restaurant men believe to
bo fair to both the employor and employee. As a consequence of this refusal, our girls employed In the Mc*
Lood cafe, wero indiscriminately dls*
clmgcd because of their union affiliations, nnd as a rosult, ton of our union
girls wero forced out upon tho streot,
and aro now fighting for tho establishment of a principlo that guarantees a
decent and respectable Btandard of living to tho working womon.
Tho waitresses who aro now employed in the McLeod cafe, are enjoying
nn increase in wages, eight hours a
day, one day off in seven, according to
tho statements of tho managers. These
people are trying to shield tbemsolvos
behind tho flimsy excuse of: "Wo are
paying union wngos, why continuo to
picket tho placet"
Yos, it may bo truo that union wages
aro being received by thoBO employed
in the enfo.   But to the girls that aro
Ex-President of Vancouver
Trades Council Dies
in France
Mark A. Beach, an old-time Laborite
of Vancouver, pnid the supreme sacrifice last month, somewhere on the
battle front in France. Prior to hie
enlistment some two years ago, he carried on a successful business as a gents'
furnisher on Main street. For several
years ho had been employed as a conductor on the B. C. Electric and wu
verv popular with his fellow-workmen,
having been president of the Streetrailwaymen'a union.   Iu 1907 he was
elected president of Vancouver Trades
and Labor council, and always took an
active and keen interest in Labor mat'
ters. Generous to a fault, "Mark1'1
was evor ready to assist any laudable
cause for the betterment of the toilers.
He leaves to mourn his great loss a
wife and family of two girte, resident
in Vancouver. His memory will long be
cherished by a host of friends and acquaintances.
Think of This Before Vou Buy
Your Xmas
Pure wool fabrics versus the adulterated wool fabrics seems to be •
popular topic these days.
With us there is little to be said,
for however high wool goes; however temptingly the adulterated article is presented, we shall buy tbe
pure production only. Our polioy
for the last seven years has been
based on quality not eost, and the
first demand of quality is an allwool
Properly tailored clothing, made of proper materials,
will prove itself worthy. Our clothes reVeal character
tone, quality and perfection of fit and recommends itself
to the most fastidious.
Order your Christmas suit from us, and we will satisfy
you in both style and quality of materials.
And don't forget that we guarantee you a perfect it
or your money back.   And above all, that this is a l
$30 to $4$
$25 to $42
$32 to $47
$27.50 to $42
B.C. Tailoring Co.
Union Shop Established 191S
Circular Addressed to Candidates With View to
Obtaining Redress
The local branch ot the Federated
Association of Letter Carriers hu for
sotao time been seeking to have the
government take sueh aetion aa will
eliminate a number ot grievance* by
whioh they are handicapped.
Not having received any satisfactory
adjustment ot their troubles from the
government up to the preient, they
have now addressed a circular to Men
of the candidates in' the loeal field tot
the Dominion house. Replies, we understand, have been received from both
Mr. StevenB and Mr. Mclnnes, but they
are described as being mere "camouflage," to use a word born of thli war.
In other words, their replies lead everywhere but to the point. The Labor
candidates, of eeurse, acquiesce in the
request, and agree to support the Letter Carriers.
The pledges eiacted from the candidates are tour in number, the Ult one
of which asks for an amendment to the
Post Office Act with a view to raising
the salary ot letter carrier! to the man.
mum of (1*100 per annum, according
to length of service.
(Continued from Page One)
More Than Fifty New Members Initiated at Last Sunday's Meeting
Tho local Musicians' organization il
cortainly benefitting by tho increased j now"wprking there and enjoying those
interest shown in union affairs these boasted union conditions; we have this
days. An orgnnization campaign is be-' <o "ny* You are stealing tho good
ing enrriod on ot prosont, and In order ■■■"■gs t*-nt rightfully belong to the
to givo prospective members an oppor- 'girls whoso position you have usurped,
tunity of joining, tho charter is being tho girls who arc waving tho banner of
kopt open for tho noxt thirty daya.      I principle and justice the picket girls
Last Sunday was a bannor day for! who hnvo stood tho jeers ond taunts
tho Musicians', when somo fifty new oi* nn unsympathetic public tho past
mombors woro initiated into tho bene-: ton weeks, an unsympathetic public to
fits of trades unionism. By the time which you Btrlkobronkors belong,
tho neit mooting comes round it is Our girls, Ood bless themfl aro still
expected that anothor bunch of initiates j lighting, and will continuo to light,
will be on hand. until n satisfactory settlement has boen
At the prosont time, negotiations are | reached. Woathor conditions may force
going on botweon tho union and the us to witbdnrw our bravo girls from tbo
band of tho Sixth Regiment, and it il picket lino for a time, hut In that
oxpected, in view or the harmony at event, wo wish it distinctly understood
presont existing between the parties thnt until a settlement is reached sat*
trying to bring about settlement, that isfactory to organizod Labor, tho Mc*
matters will be adjusted on a basis mu-11.eold cafe is still under tho ban as
tuolly satisfactory. ! boing unfair to this organization.
ly. The drunkenness of the early war-
days has gone. Tho sober days of reflection havo now come and tbo truths
that woro at ono time scoffed and rldi*
uied are now sinking into tho minds
of mon and the augury of the future
is good. Just what is going to happen
in this Dominion on the 17th of this
month no man knows with certainty.
But reckless, indeed, is he who attempts to predict tbe result either one
way or the other. Still thoro is that
something in the air that calls to mind
tho lines, "The bost laid plans of mice
and men gong aft aglcy." Tho increasing evidence of dosporation in the
camp of tho "win*the-elcction" patriots, by no means indicates a compelling confidence in thc success in their
schemes, and thc half-sullen silence
of the grent mass of people is not at
all calculated to bring cheer to their
hungry hopes. Something is going to
happen and it is going to happon hard.
At least thero are many signs that point
to such a conclusion.
But whether the conspirators, who
aro now in, win at thc coming olection, or tho conspirators on tho outride
succeod in spilling tbe "Unionist"
beans, of one thing wc may bc sure,
ond that is that tho immcdiatolyncnr
future will boo them both bonded poll*
molwl for tho discard of threadbare
things. Working men and women, and
iu fact, all progressive thinkors, ore
too rapidly becoming amenable and
reconciled to tho most radical and evon
revolutionary thought and doctrines, to
insuro tho ruling clnss, that now and
for long has cursed tho earth, any ox-
tonded lease of powor to rule ond rob.
Thc old shibboleths no longer sway the
multitude. Tho old Blogans havo boon
worn out. Thoro is no longer any re*
sponso thnt carrios with it tbo ring of
real oarncstnoss and vigor, oxcopt to
tho moBBago and the oall of tbo revolution that shall sweep tho ruling clnss
into oblivion.
Tho messages that como from tbo
mon of Canada wbo aro at the battlo
front in Europe, briugs cheer to thc
hearts of tho apostles and defenders
of democracy *nt homo and bodes ill
for tbo kaisers and autocrats of thc
Dominion when thoso soldiers return.
It is up to every democrat in Canada lo
do all bo can to hold the fort of democracy whilo theso men arc absent,
nnd wc may rest assured that when
they do roturn wo shall need no furthor rcinforcemonts to clean the country of tho reactionary and anti-domo-
cratic forces that are now so seriously
threatening to strangle all liberty and
thoroughly Prussianize tbis Dominion.
Without Clash of Cymbals
or Clang of Bella Aid
Comes to Stricken
Catastrophe, full panoplied in calamity, and agony and doath, ontered our
front door last week. Today, Halifax,
in the midst of appalling desolation,
mourns hor 'thousands of dead. In
those dreadful days, in a world gone
daft of killing without mercy, it is to
the everlasting credit of the western
world that her cry for help was not uttered in vain.
For the response was swift, adequate
and certain; from every quarter of
the laud tho call was answered. In
the next lot, big-hearted Uncle Sam,
busy aa any hornot, throw out the
clutch of bis Hun harvoster long enough
to wave encouragement and to give
lavishly of his abundance to tho stricken.
Ladies ond gentlemen; and all ye of
little faith and secondhand underwear,
whoso nickels and copper pennies
drop into notice with a noise like tinkling fire-bells and clashing cymbilt—
thore is Charity! Not alone. For there
too are Faith and Hope!—A "close-
up" of the Beattitudesl
In a world, already surfeit of tragedy, it is good to soe those multitudes
that would be "... the cup of strength
to other souls in some great agony; ...
the essence of a good diffused, and in
diffusion ever more intense."
And in so being, remind us that,
after all, we still are "a' Jock Tham-
sons bairns."
Theatrical Federation Hits
on Scheme to Solve Vexatious Problem
One of the great dilllcultiei tke ama-
ben of the loeal Theatrical Federatioa
have had to face wu the fact that tt
was very hard for the ordinary aaa
to distinguish between the unfair aal
fair houses of amusement. Prlnten
have their label, Cigarmaker* lav*.
their label, Barben hive their ekop-
card, and other various organisation!
have divers meana of showing tk* public which ia which. TkeTkeetrieal
Federation will now adopt wbat ataett-
cally amount! to tke aame thing at tke
Barber's card. They are having braae
plates made, a facsimile of which la te
be published In The Federationlit Om
of these will be hung ever the box office of the theatre, and ad that tke patrons need do in order to annua themselves that the houae ia O.K, ta to leek
for the brass plate. Thii promisee to
prove the solution of a moit'
Eroblem, and membera   of   <
abor will watch it with intern!.
Mlnliter et Labor WIU fitmmtM Oen
and Heatlnga Street
A special meeting for working ileal
voten, to hear Sir Wilfrid I.aariar, tko
Liberal leader, haa been arrange! for
the Orpheum theatre, OranviUe atreet,
for 5:46 o 'clock Friday ovening. Hon.
J. W. deB. Farris, minister of labor
in the provincial government, will inside at thia nieeting.
Other meetings to be addnaerf by
the Liberal chieftain will be at 4
o'clock in the ballroom of the Hotel
Vancouver, and the Avenue ant Imperial theatres on Main itreet where
Sir Wilfrid will go from one to tko
Vancouver South
The Majority of the Best
Restaurants in  City
Recognize Union
Tbo CookB, Walters and',Waitresses'
nre in splendid condition and last Friday night olected ollicers for tho ensuing year. During this week four
now restaurants signed up, wliich makes
tho majority of leading bouses under
union regulations. Tho following now
officers wore elected:
rrosidont, Fred HarriBj vice-president, Robert Moore; financial secretary
and businoss agent, William Mackenzie; recording secretary, Margarette
Wbito; chaplain, Charlos Davis; inspector, William Tail; insido guard,
Mrs. Rose Carter; local executive
board, Thomas Crombie, Audy Graham,
Frod Harris, Joe Ricard, Fred Welton,
Harry Wood; local joint board, Frod
Harris, William Mackenzie, Fred Welton; delegates to Trades and Labor
Council, Mrs. Minnio Burnes. Andy
Qrnham, William Mackenzie, .loo Ricard, Frod Welton.
Social Uplift and Motherly Fervor ao
Enunciated ln Dear Old Ontario
8TRAT1IROY,    Out.,   Dec.   7—The
Ilrst blood in connection with tho red-
hot election campaign  flowed   yesterday afternoon ot a mooting hero whou
Mrs. J. Doniola of Toronto was giving i
an address.    Many   of   tao    women'
thought tbo mooting wns called under ]
thc auspices of the 1.0. D. E., end whon
Mrs. Daniels started making an appeal, j{ you vmt to vote in the beet Interest
for tbe support of tbo Union govern- j of La1)or voU   for the winner—tbo
mont, Mrs. Burgess, in thc oudlenco,  „.„„„.__
took 'exception.    Mil, Daniels threat* j LIBERAL OANDIDATB
cued to put hor out and a froe-for-all j
light onsued in which both women were ( a vote for any other candidate ia a
badly maulod, blood flowed and hair, vote for Boidou
was torn out.   Tho womou were finally i ' ___
subduod bv returned soldiors and taken       —
home.—Daily press dlipatch. I •	
..December 14, 1*17
Give the Only Girl in the World
One of these Handsome
Bracelet Watches
LAIT'8 EXPANSION BRACELET WATOH, with removable llnki, 1(
jewel lever movement, strongly made, dials finished in gold, aUver er
laaey ornamentation.
Sterling silver  —..  — tttl
10 kt. gold .
1* kt. gold .
Belled gold plate IUJS
Sold llled i n&IS
Same aa above, bnt with fitting enabling watch to be worn aa a braeelet,
pendant or in the pocket.
Boiled gold plate    81S-7B
•old filled  117.00        With 10 kt. Goldsten exit kt. 130.00 pension braeelet W.00
maamavf \z«- *■*>;*. -. < >i——a_.
Same watch witb leather strap instead of bracelet.
14 kt gold -
Sterling silver      18.50
Sold filled  810.75
.., 818.50
14 kt. gold with leather
strap with gold buckle .. S18JS0
WALTHAM WATCHES—We carry the leading linea ef these watehea
and they are all convertible—for bracelet or pendant—and fitted with
the Waltham disappearing eye to fasten the bracelet,
Gold llled case and bracelet—
7 jewel movement  .. $10.00 15 jewel movement -... $14.00
Similar to above but small sire—
7 jewel movemont  .. 383.00
15 jewel movement ....
Small else 10 kt. gold ease and bracelet—
7"jewel T.—..X.—.'....».!— $H6b'""" 16" jewel"*
Small size 14 kt. gold-
7 jewel  - -.
. 338.00        15 jewel
Sold llled, convertible caae with gold filled braeelet, chatelaine pin witk
safety catch; bracelet ornament, snede leather straps, fitted with pate.--
backles and end fasteners—
7 jewel nickel movement.. $11.00        15 jewel nickel movement.. $30.00
Abe witk Santoir chain aad elaitie writsband, niekel movement -.$30.00
—Jewelry Dept., Main Floor
T7TTT? C Special
nl? U -CX.O Values
Buy Now—Avoid the Rush
. ■■■_■..-.—■„—.-—, i fc 	
San Francisco Fur Go.
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BABLET & SONS, 151 Halting. Btreet  Jermonr 81«
JILOCHBERQER. F. B„ 919 Broadwer E.M -  Fsirmont 103
BRAHD, W., 62» Pender Street West  Sermonr 8S78
* B. O. PBINTINO * LITHO. CO.. Smyth, snd Homer Seymour S233
CUKKE k STUART, 320 Seymour Street... _ Sermonr 3
COWAN t BK00KH0U8K. Lsbor Temple Building. Sermonr 4100
DUNSMOIR PBINTINO CO, 43T Dnmmuir Street „ Sermour 1106
EVANS A HASTINGS, Arte and Crifti Bldf., Sermour Street Sermour 6050
JEFFERy, W. A., 210S Psrker Street   .Highland 1117
.KERSHAW, J. A., 630 Howo Street - Sermonr HM
I.ATTA, R. P, 333 Gore Avenue  ~ „ ..Sermonr 1080
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Main Btreet - .Fsirmont 1088
McLEAN t SHOEMAKER, North Vsneourer.   H.  Tan.  88
JIORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vsneourer. JS. Tin. 80
PACIFIO PRINTERS, World Building Sermonr 0502
BOF.DDK, G. A, 610 Homer Street   Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO, 317 Gamble Btreet Seymour 8500
BDJI JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Street ....Sermour tt
THE TRIBUNE, Homer Street , _ Seymour 471
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beetly Street t Sermour 8826
TIMMS, A. H, 380 Fourteenth Avenue Eset  „   .Fsirmont 621R
WABD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Hem.r Street.....  Sermour 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, 331 Dunemulr Street Sermour 8526
WHITE A BINDON, 621 Pender Street Wost Seymour 1114
Write "Union Label" ea Tear Copy when Tm Snd It to the Printer
Ten pr more membera of any tradea union in Canada may
nave THE FEDERATIONIST maiftd to their individual
addresses at the rate of f 1 per year.
Royal Standard Flour
Wild Rose Pastry Flour
have been tested in onr own Laboratory by onr own
These Flours mnst eome np to the high standard Mt
far them.
Nothing it left to e'hsnee.
Tou are guaranteed absolute uniformity, iaj la sad
day ont.
'   Try BOTAL STAVDABD Iat jane Brad,  Bus,
limits, ete.
WILD B081 tat —at Christen Pisa,
makea, Pastrrss,***.
-Ua is ths tradmsrk m twatr awtk at aaaa
-tha "Orate T/'^
As Stated from the Viewpoint of the Working
Who Asked Borden to Send
500,000 Men?—Grafters Interested
IHE DELIBERATE campaign whieh
ia now being waged, allegedly in
favor of conscription, la merely a
wheeie for placing the working clauei
j under compulsion for military and in-
I dnstrial purposes, and is a very serious
Itnenaee to the liberties of the poople.
In thla article it is, therefore, from
the point of the working classes that I
wish to consider thla question, and also
to regard thia matter from the standpoint ef the British nation, for what*
ever may be the objections in principle,
applicable to eomplusory service everywhere, there are special and peculiar
reasons why it is unnecessary and objectionable in Great Britain and Canada
as applied under the existing acts in
oaoh country.
In Canada this political campaign ia
the height of tomfoolery, so far as conscription is concerned, as the war will
be carried on, and won by the Allies, in
spite of any action whieh may be inaugurated and carried out by the politicians of Ottawa, and whether they aend
one man or one hundred thousand.
Who uked Borden to send (100,000
| . Who asked Borden to raise the Vie*
tory loanl Not Oreat Britain. Did
Borden nek tbe Canadian parliament as to
how msny men Bhould be sent I
But Borden consulted with the profiteers
when ho toed the amount of the Victory
Loan, snd It lfl Into the pockets of such men
as Flavelle, Bertram, Carnegie, Cantley, Mo-
Keniie, MaOn, Hepburn, Chaplin, etc., etc.,
that the money will go, for are we not told
that all the money will be spent in war
needs, to be supplied by Canadian Conservative manufacturers. And we bave sueh men
in Vancouver, men who only look on conscripts and victory loans as a means of enriching themselves.
Preaident B. O. Manufacturers
Only a few daya ago the president of the
B. C. Manofacturora1 association went on
record as followa:    ~. ,..,— va.
' 'The provinco of B. O. Is now facing her
brightest period. Tbe depleted Dominion
trefsury will receive a fillfp in the stapa
of the Victory Loan and tbls credit will be
exhausted by orders placed with Canadian
"anufaoturers. I trust the' Oanadlan people
will subscribe freely for the bonds, we.
speaking for the shipbuilder.: <•» .§•>•"
kinds of shipbuilding, if we establish fte
credit. To tie clothing and boot manufacturers the situation looked • promising although as tho ordinance depots aavo large
:»KSs of clothing and boots on hand no
further orders i-fill be handed ont until the
Srpt. aro failed np. It is "»'o'-**m»
that the Canadian forces overseas «• supplied by English manufacture™ "»*•«•'
Canadian manufacturera, ao, until the am
draft of conscripts Is under am., there wW
not be any demands on Canadian .manofao-
'UTbe above elearlr expresses the tree in*
waidness with which all manufacturers view
JS, war situation. The advantages and per-
sonsl benefite to be derived from M wn-
tlnuance ar.clearly (let out by tha P.™"™"!
oTtSe B C. Hanuiacturera' association, and
M a.t on. of the member, have P»t..t.d
against sueh prostitution of the •»»•"»
S".el. for which this war «• "■■Jjjj*";
we are entitled to consider that It expresses
their opinions, to a man.
Orafter Interested
"Out of the fuUness of the heart the
™«,ik .nVaketh" and so it eomea about,
SI'to T. gritw., "• JrinuiP" tat.re.tiu
SSputfOT .Vice I. th. raising of enemy
ll ionserfpts, whose main objdnto -■> "JJ;
as aeen by te proateer, is to wear ont aje«
Kdelothftg In order that the manufacturing
W.,d.o' the politician, at Ottawa may
havt freeh order.,and mow ^%w™£
the "main ehanee" «o far u ■*• Vletonr
Loan 1. .unearned, U, that the hndaanb-
scribed will «"d their way into »•.*"*»{
account, of those parasitical emanate
heeWfrora which eeurce, not a few tol-
Ian will eventually percolate Into the party
funds, to be utilised in the further djbaae*
meat'of th. people, by memy.actually fur-
nlahed by tbem in the Unt plaef.
Thl. .inscription issue which il g**_
ing dangled before the .Letorale, I. but a
ni h."fng introduced by Burden, who by
catering to the loyal .entlment. of tba pef
"•Th".. th.r.b, to ob,eur. th. put frauds
Sf those political rapscallion., who »•««■»
chief bocter. of the now-defunct ^conserr.
live government, and so, atlll led OB by Borden, lu under the new cognjm» cfW»
lit. they hope to continuo their teptaas
""he, rob and Plunder," but it I. th. sua.
dirty, rotten old buneh.      .....       * .._
«u from the platform that the sale Issue
Months people I. th. .nforeement of eon-
uriolVa naaer th. Mllltsry B.rvlc. Art,
whfleu  a "alter of fact this ouul eon-
r"lptlM «*t ™" b"» ta ,orM '" "°"
Place of "Bunk"
TUs aat I. tb. greateit pien of "'anh''
ever emitted from Ottawa! it H faU el loop-
hoi... and Its perusal "lis to mind th. story
lu tbe "good book," whloh conclude.
••While many are called, few an wosen...
In tbe .am. good book there Is another atory
which tell, that "It I. easier for a camel
to pass through tbe oy. of, a needi. than
for a rich man to eater the kingdom of
heaven," but there le no difficulty in ta.
rich man', aon, his dependents, or his employees pssslng through the loop-holes In the
Mllltsry Servico Aot. .
Only a-few daya ago a wealthy wholesale
grocer of Water street applied for exempt on
tor I. te.-ta.ler, and got It, while at the
UM tribunal, on the same day, a poor
man's son, who stated that he was the sol.
support of an Invalid father, was refused
exiSptlon. Hundreds ; similar UM
can he adduced, but tbls one Is snlBeient
to illustrate the quality of the J»«.*»"
of so-called demoeracy , which is grinding
down tbe eountry with injustice and unmitigated hardships. At the same time I do
not wish to suggest that the standard ol
the Canadian army will suffer, or,. that the
moral, of th. .oldlen will bo lowered, because' this ridiculous Military Servico Act
allowed au effeminate tea-taster to crawl
through one ol the' loop-holes, assisted by
hi. wealthy Mnp.oy.r* nay, rathyr do I nse
It la lurthM edvoeeey of the Had ol eon-
Kriptloa I hav. advocated for the last twenty nan, whl.h would lln. np this emucn-
lited teituter wltb the hu.ly ogger and
make him "a soldier and a man" in spit,
of himself.
Hore Beapsctod
Let me .ay quit, frankly that I think
the honest eonserlptloniet Is far more to be
reepected tban tha penon who advocates
voluntarism aad bring, economic .tress and
aoolal pressure to bear ou the Issue, or that
most contemptible penan of all, the man
or woman, who tries to force men Into tbe
army by aneen and ridicule and those now
serving on the militarily trlbunala are not
he. fnm thl. degrading attitude towards
thoae who eome before them. At New We.t>
mln.ler a fnr day. ago, a CUIagwood man
wm Insulted In a very gross maunsr and
a-rtaallr placed nadir arrest lor some houn
tothViheiiman ,f th. tribunal, .member
.1 the legal fraternity who sometlmee Oceania ai Sat an th. banth aad wh. ought
"Bal MMt iml Mi», ,
PimmT la ■ BMlt brie? wtkorltr    ■    _
Ma* lp«ml tf wh«t  he's nofl -Hal-H.
rialrSk  tutaaiU    trtiki    Mot*  hl|h
hMTtm .,   *
At aak* tkt •*!•*- w««p."
Tka Trltauli
XI  Aa  OoWnfW«od  m*n  had  done  »ny
vtm», ka ak«W k»*a teen broogki Ulm
a police magistrate tn trial «■ required by
the aet. Theee tribunals are not ei»ll, or
criminal cottrte, nor ara the* military court*
martials. They have no jurisdiction, other
than to pais upon the claims of thoee applying for exemption, and even then, tkeir
decision may be subjected to an appeal to
a properly- constituted court of law, and no
one should know theBe facts better than
Judge Howay. It in Indeed a cheap kind oi
patriotism which dabs a fellow-countryman
a slacker, especially eo whon the fellow handing out the criticism Ib not himself In kkaki,
Tho characteristics of the British race
the world over will never fail to aupply the
necessary number of men for the defenee of
tbe eountry under a Bystem of voluntary enlistment, and let It be noted tkat aneh a
spirit it the outcome of liberty, democracy
and bigk-BpiritHdnees.
Many advocates of conscrlptlobn argue
that the system of volutary enlistment by
which the large number of men now with the
colors have been obtained is unfair. Let
that be so; but because there are abuses
in the voluntary system it does not follow
that, compulsion would abolish all abuses.
Not'at all; on the contrary, a system of
impulsion, unless it embraced every moth- j
■'fi son, "poor man, rich mat), beggar-man. I
thief," "lawyer, doctor, and Indian chief,"
miiHt utterly fail in its object, nor will lt
standardize as a truly democratic movement.;
Moaning of Democracy
By this I do not moan the interpretation ■
of democracy as outlined by our polltlclane.!
No; not I take tho dictionary definition
that "democracy is that form of government
in which tho sovereignty of the state Ib
vested in, and exercised by tbe people at
largo, and that the populace is regarded aa
tin* rulers," and taking these words as an1
unbiased interpretation, this Military Bervtee
Act Ih the groatest piece of dcHpotism ever
"put ovor" a so-oallod democratic people.
Tt is autocracy in Its worst and most cruel
form. It is conscription of the massee by
thn classen, and Is the greatent outrage that
could be offered to a free-born people with
gond rod blood in their veins.
It is undoubtedly a fact that tho vast'
majority. Indeed, all but a small minority,
of the men who have joined up since tke war
began have done so because they believed
the causo to be juBt. A minority there!
doubtless Ib who havo enlisted under economic pressure, In order to secure a meal-
ticket for themselves and that their dependents might participate in that great organised charity known as the Patriotic Fund, i
But finch action Is no disgrace to the men; '
rather docs it redound to their credit, that
for $1.10 per day, thoy jumped Into the
trenches to flght for a country which had
in the past troated them so scurvily. Neither
conBcriptionists or voluntarlsta defend that
form of compulsion, yet it existed.
May Bi Permanent
I take it for granted that as a kind of
conscription has been adopted during tho
war, the system may be permanently established in this country, aa I consider that
thiB Military Servico Act is a mere pretext
to get the system popularized, and the opponents oi conscription had better consider
tho question from that point of view, be-
cause, when the German menace has been
overcome, there Ib another one which, to
those who look ahead, has been gathering
considerable impetus in recent years and
now looms considerably big in the east. I
refer to the yellow peril, with which sooner
or later wo shall have to grapple.
Conscription, as I thhric I have shown, la
a very dangerous weapon to put Into the
hands of tho governing class.
Tho little climie of politicians and financiers who rule the destinies of Canada, controlling both home and foreign affairs, would
continue to do so, and In addition to the
powor they havo wielded In the past, they
would havo at their disposal the vast military machine  creatod by  conscription.
The greatest fault, however. Ilea with fhe
people, and In the fact that electors all aver
the world take too little interest in the governing of themselveB.
' It is unfortunately too true that many
intelligent persons tako no Interest in the
legislation of their country except during
about two weoks before an eleetion.
These thoughts bring me. to consider the
close relationship between military and industrial conscription as the two forme of
conscription are very closely connected. The
Aim of most of the political advocates of
conscription In to get the workman under
Btrtct discipline, both for military and industrial purposes.
WIU Settle Labor Trouble
Compulsory military servioe la wanted because it will settle the labor trouble.
Tho workmen will be ordered about the
samo as the soldier, only wltb moro brutality
and disregard for his welfare, and they will
have no more voice in regard to tbelr conditions of labor or pay than the soldier.
It muit be frankly admitted tbat for war
purposes our industrial Bystem failed. Soma
of us knew it would fall; it failed In peaee
—It, therefore, could not be expected to
stand the racket of war.
The remedy, therefore, Is not eo much
conscription, as organisation; the organisation of an adequate army and the organlutlon of the commercial and industrial forcea
of the country to baok op tho military.
In any case, with the conscription of manpower, should coincide the conscription of
the commercial and industrial planta of tba
eountry if for no other purpose tban to prevent the continuance of profiteering in war
neods. The government la well aware, or
ought to be by thta timo, that proflteera
following their own individual interests, will
direct production only Into such channel! aa
their personal inclinations lead them, that
they will sell to the government, or to poor
people, or to rich people, according aa they
are attracted by the profile arising ont of
the price obtainable.
The first thing to do la to pat an end to
this disorganisation of produetion one to
selfish exploitation.
It is wasteful In times of peace; It la
ruinous In time of war.
Conscript National Uttlitlai
Many of the evils whioh are due to tha
wasteful and anti-patrlotle action ot tha
profiteers, in the pursuit of fortunes ont of
the nation's necessities, might be prevented
by conscripting the national utilities and
regimenting the working elaaaea on Prussian
lines. Perhapa thla may aeem strange: bnt
let me inform you that many of tha demo*
crattc Institutions introduced into England
within the laat twenty yeara ar ao, wert
modelled on German lines, Tbe employment
bureau, established all over the United Kingdom about 1009, were patterned from thoae
which had been in nae in Germany for many
yearaj aa thoae who have travelled In Ger-
manr well know, • ', ,   _ .
There are two objects to be obtolned by
conscription. One ia that tbe capitalists and
profiteers wish to take the preeent opportunity of placing the workera under rlgoroua
discipline; and the otber la tbat tke eame
people want to divert the attention of tha
masses from the fraudulent transaction In
which membera of the late Coniervative government have been connected wltb; for tba
capitalistic cIbbb knows well, that conscription Ib, and has been, of great controveraial
interest, and so it is now being need aa a
blanket to cover up past frauds, Juat as
tariff reform was suddenly sprung on the
people towards tho close of the Boer war.
Glass Domination
Tho capitalists havo thoir eyes on their
position of class domination, which will be
very seriously threatenod by tho choatlc condition whioh will follow tho war, and they
want military and Industrial conscription ao
that they will havo tho workerB under stern
control. Wo aro certain to havo serious Industrial trouble in tho trado depression
which will follow tbo end of tho war when
demobilisation throws back on their own resources, the thousands of bravo followa who
have fought and bled for thoir country, for
not one minute longer than units tho interests of„tho 'upper ton," will tho disband-
menl of tho army bo delayed, conscription or
no conscription.
To establish the system In this country is
to set up everything whloh the consoriptton-
iHt politicians denounce most in Prussianism.
How is It tbat Borden bo late aa April 4th
of this year denounced conacription, likewise Balfour In a speech in London juat
beforo .the introduction of conscription In
England, said "compulsory servico would
mako our country predominant In both military and naval power, and such a condition
would be a potential tyranny auch aa the
world had nevor known," and both theae
men havo' attainod premiership honors.
Not Consistent
It la not consistent to denounce any great
measure ono day and proclaim It from the
house-tops the next.
Theae politicians at that time opposed
conscription only because tke expenae of a
proper-sliod army would fall largely on their
political backers. -
Balfour, away back in 1002 when opposing conscription, aald: "We have muddled
through tho Boor war without conscription,
bo why not lot us keep muddling on.
Conscription In itself la a beneflclcnt
measure: it can bo altered from year to year
as occasion arises. If the electors as a body
would tako moro interest throughout tbe year
In the governing of themsolves, and record
a fuller vote at tho ballot, there would be
no danger in conscription. On the other
hand, If we let conscription be Introduced
nnd abandoned at the behest of tbe aristocracy and plutocracy, the knights of the canned milk and poBt-curod bacon, and the reat
of them, why, it will givo them vaat power
which will undoubtedly bo uaed for claaa
and financial gAln and will Inevitably lead
to Industrial servitude and will aweep away
all the civil liberties whloh have been won
In the past, at the cost of ao muoh effort
and sacrifice on tho part of the workera.
Labor -Candidate   McVety
Gets Attentive Hearing
In Many Places
Deep Interest Is Manifested
In Labor Cause and
Plan of Action
Not a single mooting called in the interests of tho Labor candidate in Van-
couver South lias not proven a success.
During tho week, meetings were held
at Eburne, Frasor hall, St. Mary'i
school aud Tecumsoh school, the candidate und his supporters, Messrs. Kings-
ley and Pettipiece being greeted by enthusiastic audiences of working men
and women. Tonight, 'Friday, the candidato spunks at Kocho Point, North
Vancouver, in tho interest of Mr. Midgloy, Labor candidate in Burrard, and
on Saturday night, at the final rally of
the campaign to be held in the Labor
Temple auditorium where the incarceration of Mr. Kerr, a member of the
Engineers' union, will be dealt with by
tho speakers.
The attendance at the Fraser hall,
Forty-eighth and Fraser avenues, on
Tuesday evening, taxod the seating capacity to such an extent tnat tho committee hud to bring an additional aupply of chairs from the committee rooms
in the neighborhood. The chairman,
Mr, F. Welsh, hud an easy time, the
speakers receiving the customary excellent hearing so genoral at all Labor
meetings throughout the district during tho campaign.
"Tried and tested on any one of
three different indictments," said Mr.
McVoty, in opening his afldresB, "the
government should bc found guilty Qud
refused a further poriod of office."
The first point reforred to was the
record of tho governmont, and the
speaker referred in biting language to
. the various grafts that had beon carried on by thc "win-the-war" aggregation since tho inception of the war. In
this connection, he produced a dodger
being mailed to thc electorate of the
district by tho Cooper committee showing » skeleton marked "C^iadian
army," denouncing the olector for having deserted him. In the hand of the
skeleton was a rifle, and tho speaker
snid that tho artist had overlooked a
bet in not marking tho rifle as a Boss,
because if thero wa* nny one thing
more than another that had contributed
to making {he Canadian army a skeleton, the Ross rifle was that thing. "The
skeleton was also incomplete," said Mr.
McVoty, "becauso it was without shoes,
but probably that wus because thoie
originally furnished wore of the cardboard kind and they had failed to
withstand tho ravages of time."
Tho second count in tho indietment
of the government was the Military
Service Act, by which 100,00 men were
to bo secured to win the war. Although
the speaker recognized the excellent
worth of the Canadian solsier, lie was
not prepared to concede that a war in
which 30,000,000 men wero engaged,
was likely to be, cither won or lost
through the presence or absence of
such a small numbor of men. If conscription was so necessary why had
the British authorities not extended the
measaro to Ireland, Australia, South
Africa, India and othor British por
sessions throughout the worldt The
speaker here mentioned the bungle
made of recruiting nnd snowed that
through the protest of mill and cannery
owners 2,000 Japanoso had been refused permission to enlist in the city
of Vancouver, the government thu
placing the call, for cheap labor for the
employers, above the necessity of men
for the front. While the securing of
the men for the front was the pretence
* for placing the act on tho statute books,
: the^ real reason was to begin the induf
trial conscription of the Workers, who
were already being exempted provided
"they remained in their present 00*
cupations for the same employen."
"The time has not yet arrived for
the oonscription of wealth," said Majah
Cooper, and Mrs. Fitz-Qibbons in a.
fighting speech had stated that, "We
must not kill the bird that lays the
golden egg." Mr, McVety Aid not
agree with the "Majah." He thought
that the state should take all the surplus value, right now, and when the
I workers came to take office they would
merely have to chango the system
slightly in order to place the workeri
in thoir rightful position. With the
statement of Mrs. Fitz-Qibbons, the
speaker was in full accord, because the
geese that laid the golden eggs were
tho workors. "If tho workers," oon-
eluded the speaker, on this subject,
"would make such arrangements as
would prevent tho handing of the golden eggs over to anyone else, then the
Coopor clnss aud tho host of preachers
und lawyers supporting him, would
soon buvo to engnge in some useful
lubor Ihomsclvos."
Tho Wur Times Election Aet, was
the third count nguinst tho government
and it carried with it the candid admission that the government was afraid
to entrust tho franch^so to tho womon
who could not bo appoalod to by such
specious arguments as they were hearing in this olection . Thoso women
should show that they reprehended suoh
conduct by, using their influence
ngainst the govornment and by inducing their husbands and brothers to do
so. The way the local lists had been
prepared wus a scandal and a shame,
snid the speaker; every possible effort being made to exclude those known
to bo opposod to the government and
to includo thoso likely to vote In lti
favor, oven though they were under
ngo or German citizens. If the government would steal the election by
this infamous act, it wai but a ihort
step to tho complete elimination of the
frnnchiso altogether.
In dealing with tho candidature of
Mr. Chas. McDonald, the speaker referred to tho "undying love of the
Liberals for Labor," and pointed out
thnt tho best way that oould be ihown
would be for both Mr. UeDonald aad
Donnelly to retire and leave a elear
field betwoen the foroes of Capital and
Labor. That the only way they
could show their honest Autre to la>
foat the government was to make that
possible by clearing oat of tk* wtf of
tho real opponents of the goverimen't
who soald aad would iti*, probably, la
Gift Sweaters of Silk
Huae Stirring Valnm f or H. B. Buppan
Silk Fibre Sweater—Made in the season's latest style, witk Mnn oeSm
edged with stripe of self and cuffs to natch, iiiihed with sau ui aotk-
ets.   Colors of canary, purple, heliotrope, rose, sale 04 ft Ml
and paddy.    Price    «pl«7.QU
Silk TBui Sweater—With square eollar, nsk ud patch <feQ*7 Cft
pookets.   Colors of pale blue and purple.    Priee ..____ $_il ,t)\J
Fibre Silk Sweater-Extra finely woven, in tha ieaion'■ newest styles,
with patch pockets, sash and large collar.   Colon of rougej tirqaeiae, ,
rose black and rose, black, china, Copenhagen, eto. ■BQQ   __
Dainty Camisoles at $1.75, to $3.50
Attractive little garments that are greatly appreciated u Iau stffee-
tions. Shown in crepe de chine and washable satin, with dainty lata
yokes, trimmed with satin ribbon bows ud dainty rosebuds. Colors at
flesh, maiie, mauve, nlle green and white.    Prioee
$1.75, $1.95, $2.50 $2.95 and $3.50
—Seeond Ploer
Granville and Georgia Streets
spite of the attempt of the Liberals to
defeat them.
In conclusion, Mr. McVety stated
that, win or lose, every election, either
federal or provincial, would be contested in the Labor interests, hereafter,
and that Labor would, here, as it had
in other countries, secure representation in the houses of legislation. (Applause.).
E. T. Kingsley, the veteru exponent
of the working people of this coast,
thon delivered one of his carefnlly-
thought-out addresses in whioh he
traced the position of the worker from
the earliest days, np to the present
timo—showing just what happened to
them through the chattel and wage
systems and what they, the workers,
would have to do in order to break the
bondage in which they were held by
tho capitalist class. Believing hit address by many humorous sallies at the
expense of the workers themselves, and
illustrating his point by homely, ample
oxamples, Mr. Kingsley held the attention of his audience several times during the week, for more than an hour,
und left seeds Hn the minds of many
workors that will bear fruit during the
years and future campaigns ln the interests of Labor. At the conclusion of
the Fraser hall meeting, Mr. McVety
was asked if he subscribed to the doctrine as sot forth by Mr. Kingsley, and
without reservation, his reply was
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, December 16, IIH
Counoil met in Union hall, Thompson*
Ogle block. Vice-president Dan O'Dwyer presiding.
Mr. Oriokmay, introduced to the
council, spoke at length on the advantages to be derived from the construe*
tion qf a dry dock at thia port Tha
cotapiny were prepared to buHd a good
solid dock, 600 feet long, 80 feet wide
and 88 feet on the sills, with suitable
buildings and machinery, for repairs
to vessels. The whole to eost $1,500,-
000, in consideration of which they
would ask for (800,000 from the eity
council, payments spread over four
years. When dividends amounted to 8
per cent., $100,000 would be returned to
the city. A vote of thanka wu tendered Mr. Crickmay.
(Note—Two years later the Davie
government offered to build the dock if
Vancouver returned government supporters. Vancouver considered thia aa
a bribe and voted against thl Victoria
government—after a very lively ud
bitter campaign.—Fed.)
"The Weitern Star" ideated aa a
name of propond labor paper.
The newly-organlaed Steam Shipper!
union promised to send delegate! to the
conncil in January.
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
Hat Manufacturers
(Bet. Hastings and Cordova Sts.)
Shaving Soap
in any country
Prodnoei a Fine Creamy Lather
and Don Hot Dry on thi Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Muuf aetnred in Britlah Columbia
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Iid.
41 Hastings Street Wist
Ther sr. th. finest bit of workmen-
hip In th. blerele world; fi different
model, ln vwlfilr of colore.
Price from $42.50 to 166.00   on
<»>r pirm.nti If desired.
"Tho Pioneer Bicycle Store "
Hie How. St.     412 Hutlngi St   W.
Lahor Templi Prln    Say. MM
SET. 7415
AFTEB S p.m.—SEY. 7407K
Should ba in the homo of
awry man—
—Phone Fairmont 2684—
To member, of any anion la O-uads i
spMlal rat. for Th. F.d.ritlonUt of |1
per rear—if s .lab of 10 or more Is seat
Not-.-Seod  R.l.lna,   tb.
Sunn-aid R.i.ln., 2
. Ue
Orange .nd Lemon Peel, lb.   llo
Shelled Almond.,   lb -  SSo
Shelled Walnut., lb _ llo
Deaiecatod Oocoanuc.  ib  lis
Large Prune.,, lb H  lie
Canadian Oheeie. le  Sic
Mine. Moat, III. for _ lie
Plneet No. I Alb.rta Boltar, lk>.
for  ....... IH
Alb«rte Spolal Butter, I Ba. 11.41
Plneit Par. lard, 2 Hi. f.r ...... lie
SIMM'. Tm,  B. ..- — SIC
131 Hastings St East   Sly. SSM8.
880 Gran-rill* Bt.      Sly. 8(8
9914 Mala Stmt.    Pair. IMS
Capital .815.000,000       Bait 813,1
i. savings aoaount will assist you in tha patriotic aid jir-
sonal duty of conserving your flnanoes. This Bank allows
interest at current rates, and wtloomes small as well as Urge
acoounts. FBIDAY December 14, 11)17
Bank of Montreal Receives
Centenary Balance Sheet
Annual Meeting Also Marked Completion of Fifty Years
of Uninterrupted Services in the Bank by Sir Vincent
Meredith, Bart.—Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor Draws
Attention to the Developments That Have Had Special
Effect on Canada's Economic Position During the Past
Year—Tribute to Men Overseas.
MONTREAL, Que,, Dec. 13. (Special)—Tho 100th Annual mooting of the
Bank of Montreal proved one of the outsnnding historical events in the long
career of the Bank.
The reports presonted indicated that the Bank is in a stronger position today
than perhaps it has over beon.
Coupled with the celebration of the 100th anniversary was the completion of
fifty years of uninterrupted service in the Bank of Sir Vincent Meredith, the
The high esteem in which Sir Vincent is held by the shareholders was manifested by tho warm tributes mado to him by the shareholders presont.
Mr. Nelles, one of the oldest shareholders, in drawing attention to tho 100th
anniversary, referred particularly to tho stalwarts of today at tho head of the
Bank, mentioning particularly Sir Vincent Meredith, B. B. Angus and Lord
Shaughnessy, and hoped that when the history of another 100 years waB ended
that they would be included among the stalwarts.
Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor referred particularly to the great number of
men the Bank had already sent overseas, and made the statoment that at the
present time 42 per eent. of the staff of tho Bank wore womon clerks.
The members of the staff overseas have established a most honorable record
and in conclusion, Sir Frederick referred particularly to the gorat Iobs both the
Bank and Canada had sustained through tho death overseas of Captain David
Jellefci Barker, who had been assistant to the General Manager of tho Bank.
His loss had been a deplorable one.
The annual meoting of the Bank of
Montreal always attracts a good deal
of interest owing to the important announcements made at it regarding commercial and trade conditions in Canada.
This should bo particularly so this year,
as it is recognized that the Dominion
has been thrown on its own resources
almost entirely as the rosult of the developments in connection with the European war.
Owiag to tho 100th anniversary, Sir
Vincent Meredith, the president, drew
attention to some of the features of expansion the Bank had onjoyied and expressed the view that he was warranted
in stating, that never during tho Bank's
long eourse was its prestige higher, its
business in sounder or moro elastic condition,, and its earning power greater
than he believed thom to be today. He
also expressed pleasure in believing that
the Bank had never enjoyed a wider
measure of public confidence.
Business Conditions in Canada
Sir Vincent referred particularly to
the general conditions in tho eountry,
stating that business conditions in Canada continued buoyant.
There has been no recession in the
great wave of industrial and commercial activity of tho past few yoars, and
trade in all lines is highly prosperous.
Sir Vincent pointed out that Canada's
chief concern was to prepare for the
period after the war, and recommended
that Canada's trado should be extended
in all directions during the period of
the post-bellum reconstruction, either
through commercial intelligence acting
directly for the government, or a board
approved by the government.
Canada to Meet New Conditions
Sir* Vincent, in concluding, took an
optimistic view regarding the outlook
in Canada, saying in part:
"Our eountry is one of the most productive in the world.   Our gold hold
ings per capita almost equal those of
the United States. Our natural re*
j sources are unbounded, and our credit
is irreproachable. Thore aro no doubt
difficulties and anxieties ahead which
' we shall still have to face, but I think
1 you may look forward with confidence
to providing without undue strain for
tho burden of our patriotic endeavor.
j Taking Optimistic View of Future
I Sir Froderick Williams-Taylor, the
goneral manager, in referring to the
great privilege that was afforded him
to present to the shareholders the cen*
tonary balanco sheet, drew attention to
tho fact that it was also the anniversary of the president, Sir Vincent Meredith, who had completed fifty years of
uninterrupted service in the bank, and
it was thereforo opportune that they
J should extend to both heartiest congra-
' filiations.
Sir Frederick roferred particularly to
tho developments during tho year that
1 had effected thc business of the Bank
! and the country. He pointed out that
above all other events the entry of the
[United States of America into the war
' stood pnrnmount, and bore upon the
Canadian economic and banking position with a forco, the effect of which is
I only now commencing to be felt.'
"Shortly after the outbreak of war,"
said Sir Frederick, "Wall street took
the place of tho London market for our
country's public loans, and continued
in that placo until a few months ago.
Now the influx of American capital is
scanty, the inflow of borrowed money
from the United States—which we had
come to look upon as a matter of course
—is suspended, it may be until the end
! of tho war; and Canada is 'on her own.'
Sir Froderick took the view that
such developments would be regarded
I too seriously by some and not seriously
| enough by others. On the one hand, industrial developments would be check
ed, but on tho other hand tho inability
to borrow may prove a blessing in disguise, once we have adjusted our affairs to the changed conditions.
Policy of tbe Bank Fully Justified
Sir Frederick drew attention to tho
necessity of the banks of the country
tox keop themselves in particularly
strong shape owing to the difficulty
thero was to gauge tho future. This
permitted Sir Frederick to draw attention to the position of the Bank of
Montreal, when ho said:
"Thanks mainly to tho soundness of
our banking system and to the healthy
condition of our banks, Canada can still
hold up her financial head. Our own
Bank's ratio of quick assets to liabilities is 75^6 per cont. compared with 75
per cent, a yoar ago, and 64 per cent,
the preceding year.
"Wo have heard it roNarked by certain friends that the Canadian banks
aro too strong, and your own Bank
particularly so; but permit mo to express my clear conviction that the sheet
anchor of our Canadian national ship is
the Canadian banks, and that the anchor must bo strong to hold against
wind and tide The banks have kept
strong in an endeavor to prevent currency inflation, whilo at the same time
they have made war advances to the
Canadian and Imporial governments to
an amount that would havo been regarded as impossible threo years ago.
Sueh advances are naturally included
among liquid assets. The loans made
by the banks to the Canadian and Imporial governments havo enabled the
business country to be carried to an
extent otherwiso impracticable."
Tribute to Staff and Men Overseas
Sir Frederick Williams Taylor, in responding to tho voto of thanks to the
management? and staff took occasion
to pay a special tribute to tho services
of the men at home and to the record
of thc members of the staff overseas,
"As an indication of■ tho extent to
which our male officials enlisted, I may
mention that 42 per cent, of our present staff "are women clerks.
'' Both our men and womon clerkB have
worked ungrudgingly early and late,
with but the briefest holidays, actuated by a high sense of patriotism and
by an admirable sense of duty to our
Bank. It may truly be said that we
I enter this, the second century of our
institution, with a staff whoso loyalty
has never been surpassed, not only in
our history, but in the history of business corporations in this country.
"As for our splondid contingent with
the Colors they are above praise. We
follow their futuro in France with anxious pride, and will welcome them
back when the war is .won. Many have
boen wounded. No less than 100 lie
under the reeking sod of shattered Flanders, The names of theBe splendid patriots will stand forever both in the
records ofvour Bank and of our Empire which they have served so well.
It would be remiss not to refer to the
grent loss we have sustained in the
; recont death at the front of Captain
David .Tellet Barker. I can find no
i words with which to express my por-
j sonal regret while to the Bank an-4 his
j country the untimely closing of a
1 career such as his is deplorable indeed."
[By Rev. Charles Stehle] .
Colonial Blavery is a blot upon many
a modern nation's history. In the twenty
years during this period in America, 300,-
000 negroes were exported to the United
States. From 1680 to 1786 it is estimated that 2,130,000 negroes were imported Into all the British colonies in America.
Naturally, great numbers ot slaves died
while in captivity before leaving Africa,
and many mofe died during the ocean
passage. Probably only one-half of those
captured survived the various stages of
their transportation to America. There
was the greatest recklessness in tnelr
treatment and the utmost indifference to
their suffering.
Slavery has been abolished In most
countries, but it still exists in the Mohammedan Enst, although usually only
in households. While there is undoubtedly still some trafflc in slaves, it is
almost universally against the laws of
nations, and those who engage ln It do
so contrary to the edicts of congresses
anil parliaments which have been supported by practically all civilized peoples. In some countries a system of
peonage is in vogue, which amounts to
a practical slavery. But, on the whole,
the system of slavery no longer affects
the laborer to such a degree that the
warklnirmen suffer very materially on account of lt.
In discussing the question of the*abolition of slavery, Mr. J. Osborne Ward
says, in "Ancient Lowly":
''We shall submit that the religion of Jesus, planted by a manual
laborer and forming the basis of
hope upon  which  stands the great
labor movement of our. time	
has   been   the   power   that   openly
struck the first well-organized blow
at the Bystem of masters and slaves,
nnd boldly championed it as a principle; and in essence  it has never
since shrunk   from   its   prodigious
task toward realizing the much contested doctrine of human equality."
Following the system of slavery came
that  of   feudalism.     Men-  had   passed
through the hunting and fishing period.
They began to settle on the land,   They
had learned how to till the soil.   They
did not own  tt,  but  the  "Land  lords"
gave them the use of the property on
condition of tribute or service.   The lord
gave them protection from the common
enemy.   This system wns developed principally from the fifth to the ninth century.   There were many forms of feudalisms, conditioned upon the situation prevailing tn different countries and upon
the character of the baron to whom the
serfs gave tribute.
The serf rarely paid any rent tor the
use of his bit of land His service to the
bnron in time of war or in other ways
was his ordinary tax. With the development of the professional military class
and the growth of city life through the
grouping together of the artisan and
other classes, feudalism gradually disappeared. In 1660 England, through parliament, abolished land tenures. Scotland followed ln 1747. In France the
revolution of 1789 brought the same result; ln Germany and Austria lt was the
revolution of 1848-50 which accomplished its destruction. In Russia It was destroyed In 1861. Meanwhile, great changes have been wrought, so that when'the
system was finally abolished, little of the
original  condition   remained.
During  this  period   religious  leaders
who  were  raised   up  from   among  the
people fought against the system.   They
testified to the value of the individual.
They  taught  that  before God  all  men
were   equal.     Saya   Thorold  Rogers   in
"Six Centuries of Work and Wages":
"Wycllffs poor priests had honeycombed the minds of the upland folk
with what may be called religious
socialism.    The  preachers told the
people that.'It would be better for
them  to die with arms  In their hands
than to be thrust back, without an
effort on their part, into the shameful  slavery   from   which   they  had
been delivered.'"
Another nnil is evidently to be driven
into the coffin of autocracy. Senator
Gnllingor, republican leader in the U.
8. senate, has introduced a resolution
to permit, the importation of Chinese
labor into tho country under certain
restrictions daring the war. The "under
restriction" provision is evidently the
thin end of the nail calculated to make
it easy to drive.
Mr. Harry Gosling, president of the
Transport Workers' Federation of England, and, by the way who is not a
goose, has written a pamphlet. In the
courBe of his peregrinations with the
pen ho Bays: "British labor wants
peace. But it wants a settled poace, a
peace that will insure the world against
again being plunged into war at the
will of a group of autocratic and ambitious statesmen, eager for world power." One would bo led to fancy that
the brave Harry had become wise to
that "group of autocratic and ambitious statesmen, eager for world power,''
that curBes every country on earth, not
even excepting Great Britain, and was
about ready to go forth and chuck the
whole dirty lot overboard. But such
is not the case, apparently, for listen
to Harry a little furthor along whero
he says that he believes "the war haa -
brought about a stronger feeling of
fellowship between employer and em- j
ployee in Great Britain." Nay, nay,
brethren, Harry's case is hopeless. He
will nevor even becomo a goose. He
will always remain a gosling, and a gosling covered with pin feathers of belief
rather than with feathers of knowledge.
At that. Such cases are beyond medical
aid.   They are chronic.
Copenhagen I
••'• snuff •••$,
■'.-.-:,'-•• '*** ' ' ' * * ' ' '',,„,|
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
True Liberals, Conservatives and Labor Men
Will and have United to form a
Union Government
Union Government Candidate for New
Westminster Federal Riding
The Criminal f lot Against the Voter
The devilish nature of the plot to disfranchise the
electors becomes more evident hourly.
The average elector is feverishly searching for his
subdivision and his enumerator, but in many cases
the search will prove hopeless.
In one subdivision the enumerator wrote his list i i
indelible pencil and posted it in the rain, where it
soon was reduced to a pulp and became unreadable.
Another enumerator posted the Granville street
list in a lane in the hope that it would not be discovered.
Li other cases lists were taken down immediately
after being hung up.
In seventeen cases in Burrard the enumerators
■changed their locations after the list had been published,
There is no uniformity in the hours allotted by the
enumerators to receive applications. Thejj range
all the way from early in the morning till night, so
that every elector has to arrange his engagements
t? suit his special enumerator.
ARRANGED FOR THE MORNING AND AFTERNOON for the express purpose of shutting out the
lnbor vote.
Although the Libe'ral publicist has procured the
publication of the list in The Sun, it was not able to
procure a description of the boundaries of the subdivisions in Ward One in time for publication.
The Government, which is throwing Canadian
money in tens of millions daily to its gang of parasites and profiteers, has made no appropriation for
publication of the lists in the press.
The thirteen returning officers are all Government
partisans, and the enumerators are Tories, almost
without exception.
Under the pretext of enumerating they are conducting a house-to-house canvass, and do not scruple
to represent that a vote for the Liberal party is a
vote for the Kaiser.
Eighteen of the enumerators were delegates to
nominate the Unionist candidate in Burrard.
In some subdivisions the enumerators have left
off every voter opposed to the Government.
In sime cases girls in their teens have been deliberately placed on the list,
fn many cases relatives of soldiers who are neither
mothers, sisters or wives' have been fraudently
placed on the lists. The wife of a Unionist candidate
is listed though she is only the stepmother of Mr.
Crowe's son.
No scheme that crooked argument can suggest has
been overlooked.
In some cases the satanic hoof of patronage looms
large, both men and their wives receiving pay as
enumerators, and at the same time rent for their
houses a3 polling booths.
, The only ones overlooked in the Unionist patronage poll lists are the returned soldiers and their
wives. In Burrard, out of 98 enumerators, only five
are returned soldiers, and not one is a returned soldier's wife. This is only the sample of the way the
"win-the-war" shouters stand by our brave boys.
And yet if we do not vote for the Government
guilty of all these outrages we are traitors to our
King and country.
Verily in this instance the patriotism cry is the
last refuge of a scoundrel.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
P.C, G.C.M.G.
The Conscription Farce in Quebec
One of the chief reasons adTancod in support of
conscription is that It is democratic in that it applies to all persons alike.
The official reason given for coercion was that
Quebec had not done her shar» in furnishing recruits.
If enlistments in Quebce had been equal to those
of the other provinces in proportion to population
there would be no need of conscription is the official explanation.
Tbe avowed objeet of coercion is said to be to
force Quebec to measure op to Ue other provinces
in recruiting.
We have no hesitation in denouncing the ministerial official statements as false and Intended onlj
to mislead. *
A govornment afraid to attempt even voluntary
enlistment in Quebec will not eppiy coercion.
A government that has allowed Bourassa and La-
v-ergne to talk treason for three yeara without even
a reprimand will take no drastic measures in Quebec.
The government that allows Lavergac to' wear
His Majesty's uniform and talk sedition at the
same time is too cowardly to m"*ft in Quebec.
A government that chose a Methodist minister
as chief recruiting officer iu Montreal never intended to recruit.
A government that appointed an Engliah general,
who can not speak French, as D. O. C. for that province was not looking for result? ts well send a
French general and a Jesuit priest to enlist, the
Orange lodges of Ontario.
A party that flooded Quebce in lull with Tory
money to defeat Laurier with the cry thnt ho was
"too British" can not hide ita reul naturo undor
the cloak of patriotism.
A party that fought Laurier in 1911 representing him as a monster who would conscript tho
young men of Quebec as cannon-fodder for the navy
can not now bo regarded as sincere.
A party that made common cause with the Nationalists and joined in their slogan that Canada
owed nothing to Britain, and must not tnke part in
Britain's wars can not now clear ita unsavory reputation by a campaign of flag-waving, howover violent.
The whole pretense that oonscription is intended
to force recruiting in Quebec iB a fraud and a sham.
Whon the Hon. Arthur Mcighou introduced tho
Military Service Act in tho House of Commons he
stated that It had boen deliberately framed to deal
gently with Quebec.
No sooner hud conscription beeome the luw of tho
land when tho Ruinvillo letter, now famous, was
addressed openly to tho people of Quebec.
Hnve you forgotten tho Bainvillc letter? Hore
it ia:
Bopt. 31th, 101T.
"Dear Sir,—I have the pleasure lo inform yoa
that tho regulations of the military law exempt
bona fide farmers, their families, and the manufacturers (industrials).
"1 have nt last sjccceded in winning my point
and it is only justice.
"You cun without any fear whatever, present
your unmarried sona to tho tribunals. InBtructlodl
nro given in accordance with what I now tell you.
"I hope farmers will do tbeir utmost to secure
the greatest production of all that is necessary for
feeding tbe population.
(Sgd.) "H. BAINVILLE."
HainvUle waa Deputy Speaker of the House of
Commons, owing his appointment to the government.
His letter tells tke people of Quebec that he has
succeeded in winning bis point, that farmers and
their families aad manufacturers (inaustrtsls) will
be exempted and tbat tbey ean without anv few
whatever present their unmarried ions to the tribunals because they will be exempt.
Are farmers' sons and the young men engaged
industrially in the other provinces of raoada being
exempted by the tribunals?
If not, why not?
He goes further:
In other words, tbe tribunals of Quebec havs
been instructed by the Borden Oovernment to ex*
empt farmers' sons and young men engaged In in*
dustries in Quebec.
If similar Instructions have not been given in any
other province, what is the reaaosf
" What  right haa the Bordon Oovernment to instruct the trib.mala to apply the law in one way in
ono provinco aud differently everywhere else?
What right has the government to issue secret
instructions to these supposedly independent tribunals any wuy?
Is it any wonder that exemption* run as high us
!>S por cent, in the province of Quel*.*', which by
coercion was to furnish moro recruits than nny other
province to make up for its sho'tagc on voluntary
enlistment, but whioh is now supplying leaa than
nny other?
But thnt is nut the whole story. Read this extract from n letter of instructions just issued (Nov.
Hi to all chiefs of police, police officers, etc., and
signed by the Depjty Minister of Justicet
"Ah soon ns possible after the ist of November
stops should be taken to arrest enH prosecute those
mon who have opouly defied tho law and who are
oither known to the police or notified to thom by
the registrars under the Military Service Act or
others. It. is not desirable that for a short time
nny lnrge number of such prosecutions should be instituted, but the fact of the proaseution should obtain wide advertisement as should nlso the fact that
meu who surrender themselves will not be proceeded against criminally for mere default in reporting.
At a later stage more goneral measures may require
to be adopted."
For "A SHOUT TIME" thort must not be nny
largo n.imber of prosecutions, but nny that are
launched must be widely odvortlnea.
Whnt does this meun if it is not that for a short
timo a bluff is to bo mnde at enforcing the net—
as noisy a bluff aa possible, and only at a later date
more general measures "mny" be adopted?
In a short time" the election will be over, nnd
the more got)oral measures "may' or MAY NOT
bfl proceeded with.
Th this a prelude to dropping conscription as lint-
ly as national wrvice was dropped when it wns
tried and proved unsuccessful?
*     MM
Wjll Address the Electors of Vancouver Friday Afternoon   Halls Will Be Announced Later PAGE TEN
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
- [By J* ft] ^-
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
How ley al the B. 0. E. K. men were
ts ils esasaiy in its flght against tke
Hot they raised up public opinion
oa Iks side of the cotapaay by pointing *«t hew many of them would be
thrsisst eut of work. Now the eompany
has -fm their ease and the first thing
they ■•!• is to try to install one-man
care atf dispense with 1200 of their
lepti \\-A loving employees. The publie f*t asre consideration from the
B. %. I. R. since the jitneys started
thai ever they got before.
Stato the jitney came we have been
able ts get a seat ia a ear instead of
beiif paeked like herring and having
te rtaai keeauae the company would not
put ss tars enough at the rush hoars.
Whsa the bottom dropped out of
everything ei this coast and everyone
hai ts lower the prices ef everything
thejr hai te sell, the B, C. E. R. raised
its prise. It had the cream of the
gees Vacs and would let take its
chars sf the hard mm.
Seas people walked thea beeause
thsy Mild not pay the extra priee and
■cms walked beeause they were ss
aagsv absut it. That was why the
jitssf gsl saeh a welcome.
Tie i. C. E. R. asked fsr the jitxey
aad l| same. It is to be hoped they
hr* iMMed their lenses.
"'Tta a Mad World"
Vie suddest, merriest ides, sf all this
siaatM ttae is the idea presented to
si _*wt that the eleeviom ef Borden
win wl* the war; and tke arrival of
his sshstaat conscripts will turn the
UU «f tattle.
Ths oslessal conceit or Canadians!
Of worse we know from the war news,
witk whieh we are spoon-fed, that the
Caaadlaas have done all thc fighting
so far but we thought that perhaps the
Americans might get a look-in, but nol
On Borden and his conscripts depends
the fate of all the allied nations.
Hate off to Borden!
It Is a great idea!
Is oor ignorance wc were blaming
Borios for playing the game of polities instead of playing thc game of
war ta dead earnest as it ought to be
we thought that with another leader
we might do our part better. We did
not know that Canada was expected to
wii tke war, and that only through
Borden could victory be achieved. Considering the way in whieh this war has
beei ieiduetcd in Canada we may be
forgiven If we did not think it serious.
If 11 ii serious wo will not ask for
a statesman to lead us, that is past
Sraying for, bjt could we not possibly
nd i premier with a little common
■ense, just horse sense.
Wo wasted to wage war in earnest,
If wtl we must. We asked that property Might be conscripted as wen as
Hast, we kad the idea that human
lifo wm Ai more value than property,
Tke title says, "Ir not the ufe more
than meat or tho body than raiment f"
But Borden plays with the lives of our
sons aa if they were skittles, but with
property he dare not interfere.
He appointed a food controller who
is a joke, and a dear joke for us. So
far his investigations have resulted in
the discovery that the high cost of living is caused by middlemen. We knew
that already, but it was news to us
when he stated that the middlemen
were the cause of our prosperity and
without them we could not even rent
our hoMses.
So then, burglars also are a cause
of prosperity in the same way, and a
burglar ought not to be put in prison
because it prevents him from renting
a home.
The middleman robs you and then he
rents your house with the money. Tour
own money! And that is Mr. Henna's
idea of prosperity.
And then he makes a suggestion that
all the women should sign cards promising ts conserve food when most of
them can't get enough to eat.
Aad even tkat suggestion was stale.
It had been made by some patriotic
ladies ii the Ladies' Home Journal,
whs peiated. out how they were setting
at example of food conservation by
never having more than three courses
at a meal. Seme people have to make
three meals out of oae course these
days, while the cold storage plants are
bulging with fosd ripening for the in-
We are told to eat tke commoner
sorts of fish, ekeap fish, but when we
agree to do so, up jumps the priee and
we can't get that either. It does not
cost anything to grow the fish and if
they are so common and plenty, why
are they out of reach too. It can't
eost so much to catch them.
This is the greatest war that ever
was fought, and Borden, our great win-
the-war premier, is running Canada's
part in it as a charity, for which he
has women soliciting alms on every
Thc money that should pay for the
war is going into the pockets of
Now we are told that all who vote
for Borden arc loyal and all who vote
against him are traitors and pro-Germans, and do not wish to win the war.
Bordon is the Empire. For sheer impudence that olection cry cannot be
beaten, but let 'us hope Borden will be.
But whether ho is or not the world
will still roll on, nnd the big war with
Onee there was a fly that alighted on
a moving wheel ana the fly thought
that it made' the wheel go round. There
are some people who do not need to
pray tke Scotchman's prayer: "Lord
gie us a gude conceit o' oorselves!"
We must not allow ourselves to bo
stampeded. The question to be settled
in this eleetion is not the winning or
losing of the war, but whether the
party is power is to be allowed to cook
the voters' lists.to taifete sure of remaining li power. If they succeed this
time "'twill be recorded as* a prece- j
dent aid maay errors by tke same
example will creep into the atate.''
Stop it now.
FRIDAY December 14, 1817
The Plate Press and tbe Bussian Revolution
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The lightning
changes and orawlsh aetivitlM ef our news
Is most striking.
If thore Ib anything certain, It is that
our kept press hates and fears the turn tho
revolution of Russia is now taking, and that
those who derive their Ideas of this new
Band of Liberty from the daily preus entirely, know less than nothing of Its most vital
Well we remember when Nicholas, "our
gallant ally," entered the ring with John
Bull and France, to avenge martyred Belgium and crush tbe brutal Huns. Then
little by little a great and kindly light, almost a halo of holiness, was shed on the rule
of the Romanoffs. We had been mis in formed,
the gallant csar and his class bad been vilely
maligned and unjustly slandered. Our preHs
spoke of Russia as a "great democracy,"
lighting for freedom shoulder to shoulder
with other democracies. Rapidly thc desert
wilds and dungeons and fortresses of Siberia
faded away and in their place rapidly developed a haven of rest and something approaching the Oarden of Eden. Only bloodthirsty anarchists were ever aent to Siberia,
we were told.
Bloody Monday, Jewish massacres and the
Black Hundred were little more than myths.
No gentler, more just, no kinder nor wiser
monarch and "little father" ever guarded
his children than did Nicholas and hi* guardians of law and order.
Then suddenly the premier let the cat nut
ot the bag. He publicly stated that Russia
entered the war because her allies promised
her Constantinople and the Dardanelles for
her help. Yet the press bravely rose tn the
occasion. "The brutal Turks should he
driven ant of Europe," for had they nut
massacred the Armenians and practiced
polygamy) It wan only right that the Russian democracy should at least gain the price
for which Russia had justly striven for generations, and whicb she needed in her business.
Thta suddenly, the rotten old autocracy
fell ta pieces and the duma was no more.
But it was days after this greatest of social
miracles tbat our press reluctantly recorded
the fact, and the news first came by wny of
German wireless.
But a new revelation took place. German
intrigues and Rasputin had destroyed the
valuo of Russia aB an ally and Kerensky
was now the heaven-sent savior of Russian
democracy which would atay with tbo allies
until autocracy was annihilated and permanent peace on earth established.
goon KerenBky was found to be a "visionary" and "too radical," but with the help
of Lloyd George and Klihu Root and his
Wall Street cheque-book, he might be tolerated. But alas I News came of tbe regiments deserting to go bome, and of peasants
firing their landlords and actually taking possession of the land they worked, of Industrial
workers selling mills and factories and producing for use instead of dividends for social parasites. ThiB was the last straw.
This violated the "sacred righto of property" and If lauded or tolerated for Russia,
the workers some day might turn the samo
triek in Canada or with tho great land-owners of Britain and the Land of the Free.
So the' mental guardians of plutocracy
grasped at Kornlloff who, horrified at the
Abolition of discipline, salutes for officors
, and those "debating clubs" of soldiers and
I workers, instead of courmartials and Siberia
—raised the standard of counter-revolution
and moderation.
Here at least, was a man who would lead
the ignorant herd which had been hastening toward the red hell ot socialism, back
to a. safe and Bane "democracy" such as
John   Bull,  Japan and  Uncle  6am  enjoy
But alas, Korniloff, soon stumbled and
fell down and even a move to bring law and
order once more to Russia by replacing Nick
or placing his uncle upon the throne was
hailed with inward satisfaction by onr press
since anything is better than social democracy and the rule of the common people.
The worst hBB now happened for Russia.
It was a sad day when "law and order"
personified in the csar. was thrown down.
But now, the extreme rebels, thane who
would actually conscript land and all social
property, and who have abolished titles, are
on ton and apparently will atay there. They
have not only abolished their divinely appointed rulers, but threaten to repudiate the
national debt. They have repudiated the
obligations ef their old masters even to declaring a truce with the Hun, and what Is
still mere disgraceful, they are publishing
to tha world the "secret diplomacy" treaties indicating  the  bargains  made  by  the
powers "fighting for democracy," in order
to gain assistance In their great work for
freedom. How thoy love freedom and the
common people 1
We wondered why Italy, in spite of the
united opposition of her great socialist parties and of the workerB In general, entored
the war.
We already learned why the czar fought
for democracy. We also know that Greece
was promised Cypress, and hero is the price
the robber class of Italy agreed to take for
the blood and agony which their attempts
at land-grabbing entailed on their people,
This war, like all others, Is based on
plunder. The Sun, this morning, boasts that
a million square milea of German territory
has already been captured by Britain and
hor allies. Our ally rulers seem as morally rotton as was the autocracy of Russia:
"London, Dee.l.—A secret treaty between
Great Britain, France, Russia and Italy haB
been given out by the Bolsheviki government, according to a Petrograd dispatch
under the date of Wednesday, to tho Daily
Mail. It comprises the terms on which Italy
enterod the war. Great Britain, Franco and
Russia, according to the published text,
agreed to Italy annexing tho Trontino, the
Southern Tyro), Islria, Dalmntla, certain
Islands In Grecian Archipelago, and territory In Asia Minor and Africa."
Wa know that the political and flnanclal
rulers of Canada belong to this same class,
and today they are profit-mad and war-mad.
Now that the masters of the nations have
proved how litle they regard the lives and
happiness of their subjects compared with
plunder and property, the time has come for
the common peoplo of Canada and elsewhere
to unite for tho purpose of doing to their
rulers what the workers of Russia did to
thoirs—fire them off their backs and establish a real democracy.
Vancouver, Dec. 5, 1917.
Reply to E. B. Jewell
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: 1 notice in
today's "Fed.," a lottor from u working-
man,, and 1 gather from its contents that the
individual who wroto it has urrlved at w
stage where he Ib able to receive Ideas from
the more advanced among tho workers, with
at least an open mind.
The fact that a workingman has come to
thu conclusion that the Tory party, whoso
platform he accepted for many years, was
not representing-his interests, by no means
excludes the possibility of his jumping out
of tho frying-pan into the tire.
Our friend states that ". . . . the present
war has made it clear to mo . . . which of
tho two great parties is tho friend of the
working people and which one is not." This
statement Bhows that he cannot soe beyond
the time-hallowed institution of bourgeoise
(capitalist class) politics, It never occurs
to him that the working class has never
been represented by either of these old parties and that even the Labor party has always
been on the side of the big interests, because
it has always acquiesced In the domination
over tho working class by the capitalist
class—although it haB tried to smooth out
some of the more revolting wrinkles, so to
speak—with very poor success, be it noticed!
R. H. J. seems to scent a similarity between
liberalism arfti laborism, ab ho says that
"working men have more reason to attach
themselves to thc Liberal party or labor."
The first point to bo grasped before a
working man can act intelligently is a
knowledge of his Interests as a member of
the working class. Where does that interest
lay. Does it lay with a party that will reform, i.e., pass compensation actB, old age
pensions, eliminate graft, etc. I For the
answer to that question to be intelligible
it must be known from what cause the workers' Ills spring, what causes unemployment,
low wages, war, conscription and all the evils
of present-day society, The workers' plight,
today, is due to the fact that the means of
production are owned by a smalt setion of
society and that in order to get hold of food,
etc., the workers are compelled to work for
wages—the amount of such wages being
forced down by the competition between the
workers for the job to a point where they
are just sufficient to enable the animal (he's
only an animal, anyway—and is regarded as
such by his masters as present events conclusively prove) to exist as a worker. But
the productiveness of labor Is, in this machine age, so prodigious that the worker reproduces a value equivalent to his wages In
an hour or two eaoh day, with the result
that his boas, tha bosses' landlord and the
bank which has advanced money, are In pos
session of values for which they have given
nothing (surplus value). This surplus value
Is, however, wrapped up, so to speak, In the
products, which must be sold In order tbat
the owners uf tha machines may benefit at
all. Who can buy themf The workers have
bought back only a part of their product—
their purchasing power is limited to the size
of their wages, The employing class, through
their representation, see to it that "the door
Is kept open in China," and that otber capl-
talistlcally developed nations, who also have
a surplus to export, do not obtain exclusive
(unfair!) control in parts uf the world where
goods may be sold by the "development"
route (lending money, on the strength of
concessions and selling goods in return for
that money—suitably "secured," (>f
course I). Tho struggle for these foreign
markets necessarily results in war between
capitalist countries.
When circumstances are not favorable to
the re-investment of the Biirplus products extracted from us, the industries of the country
close down and tho workers face the pleasant situation of having to subsist on coffee-
ands, doles of soup, or languish in jail. Whon
production is at its height, tho bustle, nolso
and long hours reduce the worker to a mere
mule, too tired to think, too exhausted to
enjoy pleasure. However "good" times aro,
there nro others waiting for his job If* he
gets fresh and demands too much from his
boss—If he Invests and tries to rise and
"make good"—but let us not stir up the
past I The continually increasing productivity of labor results In lncressed competition for the job on the part of the workers,
which ln turn results in lower wages (although the money-wnge has risen, the real
wage, i.e., the commodities the workers actually got, has sunk.). In other words, the
cApltulist system constantly reproduces the
worker as a worker and at the samo time
concentrates the capital (means of production) in fow ana fewer hands, ThiB Is a law
uf capitalism. To abolish the evils which
spring from the structure of society itself
nothing less thun its overthrow will be efficacious. Nu reform has yet bettered tho
working class—they have only been put in
operation for the purpose of making things
run n littlo less rlcketty for our masters.
The worker, In being compelled to sell
bis energy to the class which owns the machinery of wealth production, Is in practically
the same position us the slave and serf of
ancient days. "Wage slave" is an apt term
—the majority of our class don't like It,
but the fact remains that the difference between "freedom" nnd the older tonus of
servitude is merely superficial.
In what, then, Is our interest as membera
of the working class ( To natch up our
position ns wage-slaves 1 Most assuredly
not. Our only hope lies in the abolition of
the wmces system (capitalism) and Its substitution by a co-operative commonwealth.
This is socialism—advanced, not becnuse of
a "great idea" emanating from some "great
mun,'' lint put forward, nfter a scientific
study of the history of man in general and
capitalism In particular, because capitalism
Is found to have developed to a point where
It can no longer function—whero it is a menace ta the human race.
The workfng class has its destiny in its
own hands. No party that stands for the
continuance of the private ownership of the
means of production can do anything for
the workers. The problem of how to dispose of that vast surplus mentioned above,
compels the old parties 'to act' ulong certain lines And their property Int.-rusts demand that the workers be kept In subjection. The workers of the World cannot unite
until tliey realize their true position nnd In
consequence know whut tho trouble is and
how it can be rijrhted, When they know
that they are socialists. Yours for the revolution,
couver,  B, C.  N.
Union,  Pender Hall, Vol
v.   1(1,   1917.
Stripped of all nonsense, Capita! eon-
sists of nothing but tho control of
[.ubor. It is not n mntorinl thing;. It
expresses a social relationship, the relationship between the modern slnvo
master nnd his slave. It in no mnnii-er
aids in tho operation of industry. It
takes no part in wealth production. Its
function is merely to seize and own
that which the slavos produce. Through
this control of Labor and i't- products,
i the slaves of production wonr the gurb
of property, just as truly as did the
chattel slnves of old. In fact, thero is
,no other property that can bring to its
owner a revenue without effort' upou
his port. It requires animate property
to do that, und the only anhnate property   thus qualified is the human slave.
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, Jai. H. MeVety; vice*
president , J. Hobble; general secretary,
Victor R. Mldgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
sergeant-at-arms, Geo. Harrison; trustees,
J. H. McVety. G. J. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J. Crawford.
Meets second Monday In the month. President,   Geo.   Bartley;   secretary,   R.  H.   Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, aecond and fonrth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. 8. Cleveland; recording aeon*
tary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity atreet,
Phona High. 168R; flnanclal aeoretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 dark
drive, offloa corner Prior and Main streeta.
first Sunday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, John Martin Inanelal aeeretary.
J. Smith, 610 Holden Bldg., Box 424, Phone
Sey. 2672; recording secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, P.O. Box 424, Vaneouvar, B. 0.
tlonal Union of America, Loeal No. 110—
Meets second and fourth Tutadara la the
month, Room 205, Labor Templo. Preaident,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. H. Grant, 1671
Alberni street.
Meets second and fourth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 307. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. '8. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanclal aeoretary, W. J. Pipoa.
No. 617—Meets every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley; financial secretary,
G. Thom; recording secretary, G. H, Hardy.
Room 208, Labor Temple, Phone Sey. 7495.
U. B. W. of A.—Meeta flrat and third
Wednesdays of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1786 Fourth
avenue west.
—Meeta second and fourth Fridays at each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Preaident. 0.
8oams; recording aeeretary; W. Hardy, 445
Twenty-third street weat North Vaneouvar;
financial aeeretary, 8. Phelps.
•JW8* ^ NL°- 178-Meetlnga held
first Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. ElUworth; vice-president, W.
n«e,?(.ii»feSOI'dln.g.,eore""7' *. W. Hocken,
Box 508       wcM •""•■■X T. Waa*, P.O.
feurs' Union, Local No. 655—Meeta every
Wedneaday at 8 p.m. President, J. E.
MoVety; builneia agent, J, F. Poale, 416
Twenty-first avenne east, Phone Fair. 716R;
flnanclal secretary, Bert Showier, 1976 Rob*
aon itreet, Phona Sey. 6679, Office, Boon
218, Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,      NO.    226—
Meets last  Sunday of each month at 2
p.m..     Preaident,   W.   S,   Armstrong;   vice-
Sresident, R. G. Marshall; secretary treasurer,
1. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No, 164—Meeta
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Second atreet; secretary-treaaurer,
Angua Fraser, 1161 Howe atreet; business
agent, J. H. Carmiehael, Room! 212, Labor
Operating Engineers, Local No, 620—
Meeti every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D, Hodgei; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495.	
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m, at
437 Gore avenne.   Ruiiell Kearley, busineu
—Meets In Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preildent, D, W,
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; reeordlng
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial iecretary and builneia agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Lahor Temple. 	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and ball, 804
Pender stroet oast. Meeti every Thursday.
8*p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
(Marine     Warehousemen     and     Freight
Handlers).   Headquarters,  486 Howe street.
Meets   first   and   third   Wednesday.   8   p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch. 	
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. PreFident.
Wm. Small;  recording secretary, J. Brooks;
flnnneinl secretary. J. H. McVety. Room 211
Labor Temple.    Seymour 7405.
tors' Union. Local 848, I. A. T. S. E.
ft M P M. 0.—Meete first Sunday of each
rnnr.th. Room 204. Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Pouter: buslnesi agont, Sam Haigh;
financial nnd corresponding secrotary, 0. A.
Hansen.   P.O.  Box 845.
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204. Labor Temple. Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant street; financial aeeretary. J. Lyons, 1648 Venables atreet:
recording secretary,  E. Westmoreland.  3247
Point Grey road; Phoiw Bayview 297OL.
No. 138—Meeta eecond and fonrth Thore-
days of each month, Room 808, Labor
Temple. President, H. Pink; vlce-prealdent,
D. Hughes: flnanclal iecretary, 0, H, Wilton; recording secretary, P. Lemon, Room
"""   L*hj>r Temple.
Meeta In Labor Temple every flrat and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. Preaident, Chaa.
D. Bruce. 1022 McLean drive; eecretary-
treaaurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1079 Melville
atreet.    Pbone Sey. 5846R.
In annual eonvention ln January, Exeoutlve offlcers, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor,
Box 416, Cumberland; vlce-presideata—Vancouver:   T—    **    «-«-•       -   -    	
1815, •■ukuuxt iBiana: v.. ——» ■#«■•*■*
Wellington. Prinoe Rupert: W. I, Thompson, Box 694. New Weitminster; W, Yates,
908 London itreet. Kootenay District: A.
Goodwin, Box 28, Trail. Crows Vaat Valley: W. B. Phillips, 176 MePheraau avenue.
Seoretary-treasurer: A, S. Weill, Bex 1588,
Victoria, B, 0.
416, Cumberland; vice prealdeita—Van-
sr: Jai. H. MoVety, T. R. VMiler.
r Temple.     Victoria:  J. TttCnEB
Counoil—Meets flrst and third Vadoel-
days, Labor Hall, 1424 Governaeatf itreet,
at 8 p.m. President. E. Christopher, Box
887; vice-president, Christian Slverti, 197B
Denman atreet; aeeretary, B. Siamese, Box
802, Victoria, B. C.	
Brewery Workmen, Local Ne. 2l»--*M«eta
at K. ef P. hall, North Park sfcaft, ob
the eeeond and fourth Thursday! af each
month. President, E. Orr; leesetarj, W.
E. Bryan, 2642 Scott Btreet, _}_________
~~ v_w webtmctbibbT^T'
of America, Looal 784, New Weitmlmter.
Meets eecond Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Bex 496.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters' hall.
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E-
Thompion, Box 273, Prince Rupert, B. C.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A.—
Meets second and fourth Sundaya ef each
month, at 9:30 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew-
Parker; recording secretary, James Bateman;
financial secretary, W. Macdonald; treaaurer,  J. H. Richardson,
TRAIL,  B. 0.
Joiners, Local No. 285—Meets ln Minera"
■ Hall, *»very Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. Preaident, H. Bell; aeeretary, Fred CeiaeB, P. Oi.
I Drawer S., Trail, B, 0.
SET. 7495
A7TEB 6 p.m.—SEY. 74J7K
,— _«... ^huTtk,^.
with tk Swtlt Til amal if fit*. ID weeks 25c. S
; THE PUBUC, 122 E* 37th Street New Yetk S
for the Holiday Season
^P       The Best Judge
Pure Wholesome Beer
A Family Drink
Vancouver Breweries
"the beer w™ peer" VANCOUVER BREWERIES. LTD. ■■■■■
TBIBAT December 14, 1817
%f New Teeth ^
Good Health . Long Life .
WHEN TOU lose one tooth you should coulter It u aerloue
as losing eeveral.   The reason it, the loes ot one puts jut
that much more strain upon the othen.
0 MATTEB whether only one is missing, you saould have it
replaced immediately,'for your health'• sake, ai veil as
yeur appearance.
DB. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that
will in many instances do the work as well and look better
thea yonr original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's pricei, value considered, ue reasonable.
for Canada's honor, etc., ad nauseum.
He said he waB only young In political
experience, and he did not know whether he would ever sink to the depths to
whieh Borden had sunk, but he didn't
think so. Joe Martin then held the
platform at considerable length, most
of the time being taken up in telling
the people what a terrible buneh the
Borden crowd were. At one time he
slipped a cog when he said that Laurier
would always consider the wishes of the
people before acting. When he was
asked about the time when the people
of British Columbia were petitioning
the Imperial authorities on some questions—Laurier went to England and
told them they needn't butt in, as he
could manage British Columbia—Joe
floundered a little while and finally said
that he didn't always agree with Laurier, but that was a different; circumstance. The candidate then addressed
the meoting fpr about fifteen minutes,
and his remarks were chiefly confined
to knocking the Unionist convention at
Duncans, to which he went as a delegate. He made the remark that he
was an employer of labor, but forgot
to mention that this labor was mostly
Pay Your Debts!
Yon want to be honeit, don't you?' Then pay yonr debta
to your teoth
YOU OWE your teeth something:, They are an important part
of yonr organism aad are deserving of constant attention. Pay
your debt to them. If you don't, you will be the loser in the long
run—the loser in appearance—in comfort—in general health.
Lot me examine your teeth and advise you as to whether you have
<keen treating them right.
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Btreet West, Cor. Seymonr
* Open louden ud Frid.fi wtll 8 p.m.
I-Bay dim. ttinn II mot-
mty;   10-jur   iuuuit>.i
Bnednetloni   made   on
pboa. appointments.
1VT ABOB Coffee is packed by the vacuum process, whioh
keeps in all its' fragrance, freshness and flavor.
There is no other coffee quite so good.
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are brewed and bottled by union workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
C. A. CBY8DALE, Manager for B. C.
Phone Sey. 0770 for appointment and ne will arrange same for your
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, beat of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Joe Taylor Holds Meeting
of Miners at South
Dr. Curry, Vancouver, Aids
in Driving Home Some
Economic Truths
[By Walter Head]
10.—Laet Sunday was a busy day in' Asiatic. He is now circulating a pam*
South Wellington, the business ot the^ •»£ =1 CSl? £et
regular union mooting boing rushed , with authority on that ns ho was em-
through in order to hold a political | ployed by the Borden government in
meeting immediately aftorwarda. The, "•<- horse-buying businoss. He omitted
latter meeting drew an interested audi- j MM ST'hMtTS
enco and waB bnofly addreafled by Bro. | a ca8Uttl observer it would almost seem
Taylor, who opened up by saying tbat , that tbo Bordon outfit bad placed Mm
bo bad come to bury Borden, and not. in tbo Held to tako voces from 'tbo
to praise bim. HO gave a pithy little Labor man, for if "Raincoat"—beg
speoch, full of straight-from-the-sboul-1 pardon, I mean Mcintosh—is eleoted,
der jolts for Borden and Mb hybrids., Stewart will be tbe cause. Tbe Union-
He opined Ulat the people of Canada' ist candidate held a meeting on Friday,
would be foolish if they returned the Doc. 1, and had to have one of tbe big
Win-tbe-Election government. bugs from Ottawa to boost Mm.   Ac-
He doalth briefly with Lord Lans- j cording to tbe daily prera, the meeting
downe 's peace talk, and showed how. was an enthusiastic one, his election la
hiB lordship 's income would preclude; assured, etc., etc., but from statements
the possibility of Ms being accused of i of mon who attended, tho enthusiasm
taking German , money. About tbe. was only conspicuous in the Daily Her-
only thing bo has been accustomed to' aid, the next day, most of tbe applauae
taking was wage-slaves' bides and, as (in the meeting coming from the plat-
Bro. Taylor pointed out, Ms nibs i« j form wMch was crowded with notables,
worried by fear of losing tbat divine | noar-notables and no-goods, as is usual
privilege, as many of Ms class are, but on such auspicious occasions. The world-
Bo far havo not bad the nerve to squeal, j renowned Billy Mclnnes held forth, on
If the war continues much longer, the the following night, and tbe meeting
Lansdownea and the rest of the capi-. was a crowded one, bat there were no
talist olass will stew in their own juice.. glowing accounts in the free and inde*
Tbe candidate thon commenced on the pendent (f) press of Nanaimo the next
action of the South Wellington school-1 day, although a returned soldier, (not
children, wbo wore given the democratic ' a chocolate one, either), occupied the
privilege of voting on whether they platform. According to all reports, W,
would contribute towards baying a W. B. was in good form and gave one
Victory Bond, and promptly turned it, of tho newspaper puppets a well-meri-
down. j ted calling down, but Billy can do bet*
The actions of the Borden outfit, in' tor than that. ' He can call his man off
having safety-first colonels to look after j and give one man a better chance to
the soldier-voto, and the lady food- j snow the other freak under. However,
conserve™ allowing themselves to be j "it's a long lane that has no garbage
used ns pliant tools in boosting Bor-j can," and time will toll. If the campaign
den, came in for its. share of well-mer*[ does nothing else, it has awakened the
ited condemnation, and whilo Bro. Tay-j interest of the workers and we are ex-
lor oxprossod himself as being in favor j pocting^ to have a campaign for the
of giving everyone the right to apeak ■ provincial bye-olection for Newcastle
bis own mind, ho considered the treat-1 district whenever tbo "saviours of the
ment Borden received at Kitchener was ■ common peoplo" choose to grant ua our
simply paying him back in bis own; constitutional rights, and by the signs
coin. Ho instanced thc many cases of Hint are on the political horizon, we
meetings being broken up by returned, may havo to look for a working class
soldiers who wero no doubt "schooled, representative, but 'nuff sod for the
by tbo Canadian junkers for that pur- \ present.
poso.    Ho realized, that the returned j -——
soldiers wero not all for Borden—by a:
long-shot. '
Tbo candidato dealt with the lack
of organization amongst tho workers,'
organization being necessary in ordor,
to retain such liborty as tho workers |
now possess, and impresed that nothing i
is evor obtained without a fight. H
Bordon manages to steal tho olection,
revolution - may be close1; for if constitutional rights are taken away, other
weapons may bo used. He expressed
himself as being determined to fight
for free speech, whatover the consequences; and ho realized that the govornment was keoping tab on men wbo
nre opposing conscription.
Tho exemption tribunals then had a
fow bouquets handod to them. The fact
of so many ardent Bordenites being appointed and the brow-boating tactics
of tho members, was condemned. The
fact of so many exemptions being
grantod in Quebec, was commented on
as looking rather fishy. Bro. Taylor, in
Mb concluding remarks, dealt with tbe
changes of opinion that are . taking
place in many quarters on tbe conscription measure. Many were in favor of
it wben they thought themselveB exempt, but changed thoir mina when
they found thoy wore eligible.
Dr. Curry then took the floor and
gave a very interesting talk along class
struggle lines. He said in part: The
whole world is at prosent in nn uproar,
but a better day is dawning. The parasite ia our greatest curso and humanity
would bestow a blessing upon Mm by
firing Mm. Ho would then got out and
do some asoful work and, in so doing,
become a decent member of society.
These conditions would be more rapidly
brought about wore it not for the economic ignorance of the workers.
The manner in which the powers that
Federation of Labor Sets
Forth Labor Position
in a Few Words
Awful Slam to Have One's
Name Even Mentioned
in Such Company
TORONTO, Dec. 8.—Hon N, W. Bow.
oil said at Haileybury last night that
beforo tho cabinet was completed a representative of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada would bo appointed
to an important administrative post.
In that connection, the name of Jas. H.
McVoty, oi; Vanoouver, is mentioned in
gossip here as among ^possibilities.
-(Associated Press dispatch.
.*, ThoJra"ni clM" !',«•'"•-« "om. mumIm
thoie day. It will ikrlnk from (acini In Ike
day ot reokoning. And tk. day of reekonlns
Ior wrongs don. I. .are to oome;   II nerir
Everything that goe. contrary to IU wlakn
U charged to pro-Gorman, anl I. W. W.'l.
This Is very convenient but hardly eonclu-
ttai •:.V.t'a" V'™" 'a authority se
blind that they cannot see that their perse*
ration l> recruiting the rank, of Ue 1W.
deotafcidt" " '"" *" """ "" im'"-^r
Down in Oklahoma the other day at Tolas, the headquarter, of the I. W w war.
raided and all who were found there w>»
until thoir backs .(reamed witk blood, una
.   ,,.,   -i l.'lili ,1 ,v"8 "pp"?'i '? """"• »M f.»t»«r..
be aro proposing to fight for democracy, ■ a,l.d thoy were ordered to leave and n.ver
nah\ely,_b? «% » »wjjr« »«« too  _*?■_£_$ -pfi* l____*f*&
uSSS li S5TJMS. **-"*' M0lJ
Have a  oare,  gentlemen!    The dragons'
tooth you are Bowing will bring forth ttelr
bloody harvest in  due time, when yon will
much of the mothod of lighting devils
in tbe middle age«, when they pretended to uso Bolzebub, tho prince of devils,
to fight the othors with.   The only true'
domocracy is industrial democracy, and {find yourselves the Vlctima"!)/ "your bastard-
our. only hopo for its attainment lies in \ly Jfflff*,    *,
tho education of thc workers along class u*?$M 'i-m^ATt" B
•line"* •■•* broken up, and speaker, a.iaulled. Mob
Dr. Curry then ckalUjrlefly with an  ™'f •*.,"" order and the crime, committed
,    ,        , ..ill       .,i    A        .mil under   lta   mv»v     if   tint    *n.,.i,.....i ._. i_»
interview ho had had with Count Tol-
mU..    —-   *:...'     __„    ...I....    t\.„   ~—_J
under its   sway,   if  not   condened  outright.
.. ,       ,. ..»"> r°Pr,0Ved with such mildness as to im-
stoy, some timo ngo, whon tho count j i>ly acquiescence.
made tho assertion that Canada and the
United States woro plutocracies, and
stated that the ignorance of the Bussian peasants made tho revolution possible, whicb appeared paradoxical until
tho count elucidated by saying that the
Bussian peasantry could not read such
junk as wo do, referring to that medium of truth (!) the Vancouver World.
Tho speaker scored the curse of secret
diplomacy, and the fact that under the
proBont order property is put bofore all
things, whereas hutoan life and happiness should be of paramount importance. He concluded with a denunciation of the military service act, both in
the principle and tbo 'manner of its enforcement. He claimed that all vital
questions Bhould bo submitted to referendum.
Nanaimo has boon twice visited by
tho Liberal candidate, and once by the
"win-the-election" hybrjd. I was unfortunate enough to be present at the
Liberal meeting that was addressed at
longth by Joe Martin and Gerald McGeer, and brief, vory briefly, by the
candidate. Tbe meoting was poorly attended, and interruptions , wore frequent. Thore waB applause when Borden's graft was exposed, and quite a
horso laugh when McQoer eulogized tho
"grand old Liberal party" as "champions of democracy'' and "saviours of
the common peoplo."
He told, of how, as an iron moulder,
ho used to be an ardent trade unionist;
with socialistic tendencies, l>at since becoming a lawyer bis views had somewhat changed. \ Ho did considerable
flag-waving and eulogized ncvenil of his
party colleagues who had unselfishly sacrificed their relatives nnd stood nobly
by whilo the aforesaid relatives fought
hB«n l. abu° P°"lblfl }"»* «»• "PltaJlit clsss
have set themselves deliberately to teaching
the working class the efflcacy of lynch to*
and mob rule! *
Are not the workers told orer ana over
?£ . Jn 6Very bmh wIta tiei* ttploltari
that tbey must respect law and order! And
are they not shot down without merer ttt
momont they resort to mob violence!
Is It not a poor rale ttat fails to wart
both ways! And has mob violence rlrtaa
and efficacy only whsn practiced by capitalists, bnsiness and professional men, with
tho working class for its vlctima t
Thero is widespread mob violence la tha
land today, bat it is practically all on tta
side of tbe capitalist clus and dlreotad
against the working class and their efforta
to maintain their rights and better the coa*
dltion of themselves  and  families.
If the capitalists persist ln mob violence,
they and their syatem will perish In a whirlwind of itl—Eugene V, Debs, in tta Soeial
It is not always easy to feel calm and
serene and optimistic daring these terrible
days. The whole world sems to be In travail. Like a ship ln a tempest, society la
swaying and creaking and threatening to go
linck into chaos and old night. Old aya-
aro on trial and their weaknesses are
living exposed and laid bare. The mighty
forces that underlie society and propel elfi-
lUatlon are making for a world-wldo upheaval.
Lot as not be alarmed or disconragad.
The tempest may uproot and destroy tha
old. but tho new will take lta placo. For
tlio momont tho clouds are black and ob*
Hctiro tho heavens, but the snn will shine
upon tho world again.
Socialists, of all others, can bear with
patlonco all that the fiery ordeal through
which the world (a passing may have In
store for them. It is capitalism ttat la
responsible for tho welter of blood In which
tho race Is seething, and this eame capitalism Is Itsolf In its death-throw.
Socialism Is evolving from the orumbllig.
dying old system, and Socialism, which
moans truo domocracy, roal self-government
for all tho pooplo of all nations, will bring
brotherhood and peaee and Joy to a stricken, bleeding and suffering world,—B. V.
Immediate Program Stated
ahd Ultimate Goal
Pointed Out
[By A. 8. Wells]
(Secretary B. 0. Federation of Labor)
The gigantic struggle in Europe bu
been tne cause of many movements being started tbat were unthought of before the dogs of war were let loose,
some of them are of a reactionary typo,
some, however, are showing tbat the
workers are at last taking notice, snd
to Bome extent at least beginning to
realize that "after" all their position*!!
becoming daily more insecure, and tbelr
liberties poor as tbey are being taken
away. <
Amongst the causes of the riling in-
terest of the workers is the abnormal
advance in the cosi, of the necessities
of life, which have compelled the work*
era in every country to seek better conditions, or in other words, to endeavor
to retain the .conditions to which ther
had been used to, flrst by greater efforts to organize, and then to demand
a greater monetary wage. These efforts
on the part of tbe workers have beea
assailed by the capitalist press as being
movements inspired by German agencies, and agitators, tbe prominent men
in tbe Labor movement have been assailed on every band, and calumny has
boon heaped upon them by the representatives of the ruling class in this
and other countries.
Meantime the capitalist has, through
the increased demand for foodstuffs,
and other commodities, and the fast
that a large proportion of the productive powers of labor have been turned
to destructive purposes, been able to
reap enormous profits from what is supposed to be the need of the nation, the
dependents of tbe soldiers, whether
wounded or not, bave had to struggle
to make ends meet on the pitiable allowances doled out to them by the gov-
onrment and through charitable methods, and the returned soldier having
in a great many instances sacrificed his
earning power to a great extent, has to
bo content with pensions that are inadequate, and to Bay the least are a miserable attempt to recompense him for Ms
sacrifice to the supposed needs of the
Meantime while, the capitalists have
been engaged in reaping the harvest,
the workers have been suffering and endeavoring to keep up tho standard of
living, not only for themselveB, but for
tbo mon who have gone forth to fight
in the interests of the country in which
they havo no stake, and in which they
have vory little Bay so as to how it
shall bo managed.
The governmont, sitting illegally, its
torm of office not having been renewed
by the electorate, and which represents
the interests of the pirates who have
taken the opportunity to enrich themselves out of the terrible travail of the
people, have put into effect a law that
makes all mon subject to the military
powers, to wit the Military Service
Act, 1917.
Organizod labor of this country hu
with no uncertain voice, proclaimed
tbat it is opposed to conscription and
that it Ib not desirous of seeing a Prussian military system established in this
country. At the last eonvention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, held tn
January laBt, the executive was instructed to oppose any attempt to Impose
conscription on tbis country, but its efforts did not avail. A referendum on
thc question of a down tools policy ln
the event of conscription being made
effective, was carried by a large majority, but the executive, realizing that the
power of the worker is greater on the
political field than on the industrial
field, recommended at a special eonvention, held on Labor Day, that working
claBB candidates be placed in the field
on the platform of anti-conscription, or
the repeal of tbe Military Service Act,
This recommendation was adopted,
and the candidates are now in the field.
The executive, In issuing this manifesto, does bo with the hope that the workers will realize that the evils of present
day socioty are but the result of the
proflt, or wage system, and appeals for
the support of their candidates on the
following platform:
1. Repeal of the Military Service
Act, 1917.
2. The extension of the franchise to
nil adult citizens irerspectlve of sex.
•3, Tho care of the soldiers and their
dependents to be the duty of tho state,
witb increased pay for the soldiers and
increased pensions in proportion with
the present high cost of the necessities
of life.
4. Realizing that until the wage system Ib abolished, the workers are ths
slaveB of the ruling class, and that
peace cannot be assured in the world
until the cause of all wars during the
capitalistic regime, which has been the
ever-Increasing competition between
tho capitalist class of the different
countries, has been wiped ont by the
abolition of the wage or proflt system,
the candidates of the British Columbia Fedoration of Labor aro pledged
to ceaselessly work for the elimination
of the real cause of the war and Its attendant evils, viz., the capitalist system.
To be guidod in their actions from
ono standpoint alone, that of the interests of the working class.
Teamsters' Growing
Tho Teamsters' nnd Cha.iffours' local, whicli ban been in existonce only
a short while, has shown the record
growth for this section of the country
for n now locnl. The membership is
now at the 700 mark.
i\* ' ' iT" ".*" mt
One Second-class Engineer. Ont AaUHOhlla
nnd Gas-engine Expert Foreman, One Bhap
Draughtsman (four afternoons per week),
One Blacksmith (two mornings psr week),
One Moulder, (ana morning per weak).
Work will begin January 3nd. ISIS. Ia*
mediate appllcatlona ara to be made la
writing, with references, te the Dapt. af
Mechanical Engineering. University ef
B. C. Willow St. and tenth Ave., Yah-
The Emporium Go.
Co-operative Departmental Store
—and to sell to all shareholders at actual cost phH
the cost of'handling. The shareholder will get thiB
discount at the time the purchase is made.
■ Read the following resolutions passed on December 10th by the Directors and KNOW THE FACTS:
It wu movod, seconded aad carried tkat in aa, transactions where aa, H
Eerson or persons are employed to io or perioral an, kind of work er
ibor that wherever possible Union Labor be employed or need.   Ttat ■
thia resolution apply where there is a regular organisation for tkat fat-
titular trade recognised by the Trades aad Labor Connell.
It waa moved, seconded and carried that in accordance with the powers
granted the Company and provided for in its Articles of Association tkat
when the Company opens a mercantile establishment that all shareholders
shall be furnished with an Identification card and that npon presenting
sitme with satisfactory proof of ownership ot same, shall, subject to th*
Company's rules and regulations, be entitled to purchase any and all articles contained in the store or handled by the Oompany at actual eaat
plus the cost of handling.
It was further resolved that the Company's booka aad invoices Aal
at all times be subject to tho inspection aid vtrlleatioa of any shareholder for their information in regard to ths cost of any articles they
may wish to purchase.
It was regularly moved, seconded and carried that th* Company hav*
an Advisory Board or Board of Inspectors consisting of any nates' ef
shareholders, not leu than five or more than fifty. *bo may b* aeaUa-
ated by shareholders.
The following Advisory Board and Directors win bt added to fr*m
time to time:
E. A. JAMIE60N, Secretary Musicians' Union Vaneonver, — 0.
FBBD A. HOOVEB, Bnsiness Agent B. 0. Electric Carmen's Mea,
Vancouver, B. 0.
EDWABD BBOWN, of Brown Bros, Florijts, Vaneonver, B. 0,
H. J. BBASHELD, Preeldent Vaneonver Theatrical Pederatloa.
W. J. HABPEB, Treaaurer B. 0. Electric Carmen's Union, Vansanvsr.
OEOBOE 8MEDLET, Hotel Proprietor.
A. 0. HANSEN, Secretary-treasurer Moving Picture Machine Operators' Union, Vaneouvar, B. 0.
J. P. POOLE, Secretary Teamsters' Union, Vaneonver, B. 0.
A. 0. HALL, Merchant, 7M Thurlow St, Vancouver, B. 0.
WILLIAM MaoKENZIE, Businsss Agent Cooks and Walters' Unto*.
H. D. PINEO, Druggist, Port Alberni, B. 0.
B. A. HABT, Merchant, 1148 Thurlow St, Vaneonver, B. 0.
ED. PETERSON, Agent pro tem Deep Sea fishermen's Union.
W. W. BDBEOUQH, Vice-president B. 0. Electric Carmen's Ualea.
For further particulars, address
The Emporium Co., Limited
614 Bower Bldg. 543 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3223 Vancouver, B. C.
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Liberals for Liberty
Major Ramsay
Is a Returned Soldier, and the
Liberal Candidate for
Westminster District
Every Working Man ia Westminster District should
Vote for      '
Major Ramsay
FBIDAT. Deccmhsr It, ItlT
Winter Time Is
Ulster Time
Are you ready to buy one? We have them I The
real old-fashioned kind—except the style. THAT
ie up-to-date.
■ greys, fawns, blues, browns; soft, warm, cosy coats—all
Made to give maximum comfort and servioe, combined with
■■imum weight and cost.
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
11 IS IN
Good News!    Good News!
Mr. Workingman: Have you joined the Co-Op.t Get in at onee; cut
down your living cost—direct from the producer. In addition to our low
prices of groceries and produce, we pay a dividend to our members in
proportion to their purchases. One $S-share entitles you to all benefits.
If you cannot put down (5, put down $1, and let your dividends pay the
rest. Got started and save money. Co-operation is the only system.
Git out your middlemen.
Fresh-killed Chickens, lb... 30c     Large B. C. New-laid Eggs, dot... 76c
Order Your Christmas Turkeys and Geose Now.
Ws sell these at wholesalo prices only to the consumer.   Limited supply.
The Producers' and Consumers'
Co-operative Society
SET. 2219
Beautiful Hats to Clear $1,97 to »10.00
Special sale of Veilings, per yard 20c
|f a4C///inery
See Special Window
Phone Ber. 3291
He Says Furthermore There
Mnst Be No Coquetting
With the Enemy
There hss evidently bees some
"dickering" going on in the West
Kootenay constituency, at least on the
part of some ardent Liberals who, of
course, would like to see Labor candidates get off the map and leave the
Held to them. Tor some reason or
other—at any rate, The Federationist
haB received the following telegram
from Mr. I. A. Austin, the B. C. F. of
L. candidate for West Kootenay:
"NELSON, B. 0,, Dee. 11.—No possibility of Austin resigning under any
consideration. If we are to have a
united Labor party there must be no
coquetting with capital.
•»I. A. AUSTIN."
3 Extra Specials in
$14.75, $18.75
These are odds aad ends
from onr regular stock lines
sold down until only one or
two of a line are left, and
they have been grouped into
three prices to clear.
Beg. up to $18 for $14.75
Regular price up to $22.60
for $18.75
Regular price up to $30.00,
for $22.50
See them in our windows.
Better still, come in and try
them on.
Two Reliable Stores fer Men ln
British Columbia
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Also 614-616 Tates St., Victoria
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign.
Kinds for livery Purpose
RIBBONS that you want
will be found here in the
broadest possible assortments and at prices that
will meet with your approval. Many practical gift
suggestions are afforded
those who are interested
in ribbon craft novelties.
Visit this section now.
Duchesse Satin Ribbon in
nine widths and fifty
3-16-Inch wide:   3   yards
for lOei.
1-4-Inch wide; 5^ per yd.
1-2-Inoh wide; 7V>t) yard.
5-8-Inch wide; 9^ per yd,
1 Inch wide; 15*) per yd.
1% Inches wide;   17y2*>
per yard.
2\_ Inches wide; 25^ yd.
3 Inches wide; 30^ yard.
3% Inches wide; 35*), yd.
Brocaded Hair and Saah
Ribbons to match:
5   Inches   wide;
60^ per yard.
6% Inches wide;
85t> per yard.
Shown in pink, sky
ivory only.
Ribbon Draft Novelties
A large assortment of various models on display, including bags, slippers boudoir caps, camisoles, sachets, garters, hairbands
and many other useful
ideas. Tou are invited to
copy any of these models.
They are intended for that
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
q A vote for Borden is a vote for
kaiserism in Canada.
<] Remember, Monady is a half-holiday. Better take the whole day off
and work for youraolf by working for
the Labor candidates.
Report  Adopted  Granting
Jurisdiction Over AU
Men Employed
Resolution of Del. Duncan,
Seattle   Central   Labor
Council Concurred in
A page in history wbb mad* on the'
sixth day of the oonvention of th*1
Amorican Fodoration of Labor, recently'
held at Buffalo, N. T., a page which'
will be read with interest by members:
of tho Firemen's union in this city as'
As will bo known to most members
of the above organizations, the International Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stable-
men and Helpers union, and the International Stcata. Operating Engineers'
claimed jurisdiction over all drivers,!
chauffeurs, -engineers and helpers in Ure
department unions, leaving the 4re-|
mon's unions to have in their member-1
slip what was left, which, of course, did
not meet with the views' of the firemen.
Action finally crystallized at the Buf-
falo convention. Amongst the dole-
gates in attendance there, were a couple j
of live wires in the Labor movement— j
Thomas O. Spollacy, of the Firemen's
union of Schenectady, N. T., and Del.j
■Tames Duncan of Seattle. These two
fathered resolutions on the floor of the *
convention whieh, after some maneen-l
vring on the part of the various organi-:
zations concerned, were finally taken in.
hand by the committee on the report of i
the executive couneil. [
The resolution, as adopted by the
convontion, amongst other things, re-^
"The granting of a charter of an
International union of fire-ilghters,
with full and complete jurisdiction
over all men actually and permanently omployod in fire fighting."
The closing paragraph of Dol. Spollacy'b report to his local at Cincinnati
Bays: "On Saturday, Nov. 27, at 10:30
a.m., tho committoe made its report,
and I ahi very proud to state that It
was a masterpiece. And then and there
we were christened the International
Union of Firo Fighters. The report wu
put to a vote, and was adopted unanimously. There was great applause, and
congratulations were received from all
Over Two Hundred Indulge ln High-;
jinks to Their Heart's
VICTORIA, B. C, Dec. 11.—The machinists here held a most successful social last Saturday in the K. of P. hall.
Over 200 people participated,.composed,
Practical Christmas
Gifts Are Always
Most Appreciated
Especially is this true when these gifts originate
from an establishment of recognized supremacy.
We herewith mention a few of the presents most uieM
to men, and our stock of these lines is very large:
Gloves Pyjamas Handkerchiefs
Neckwear Bath Robes Umbrellas
Hosiery Smoking Jackets Travelling Bags
Shirts Mufflers Underwear
Waistcoats Sweaters Canes
The Original Union Oents' Clothiers and Haberdashers
of members and their lady friends. At
7 p.m., under the guidance of Bro. Oeo.
Hill, a whist drive was commenced.
Mrs. Stevens, on behalf of the association, presented the prises to the follow,
ing winners: Ladles, 1st, Miss Wise,
tray; 2nd, Mn- Merry, Irish*linen handkerchiefs; consolation, Mrs. Watson,
smelling salts; gents, 1st, Bro. Marconi,
Stilson wrench; 2nd, Bro. Pearce, adjustable wrench; consolation, Bro.
Christopher, 2-foot rule; lucky chair
prize, a thermos bottle, wu won by
Bro. McMasters.   At 8:30 Bro. Jas.
Benfrew took the chair and for the snt
hour a most talented concert programme
was gone through, comprising the following artistes: Miss Mulr, Miss Hsd-
fleld, Mr. Marshall, Mr.. Orey, Mr. BUI,
Mr, Askey, Bro. Fraser ud Bro. Msny.
Eofroshments were then served by tf*
White Lunch, after whieh a grand
march, led by Bro. Oris. OalHster, M. 0,
commenced a most enjoyable programme of Canadian and old sointrr
dances; music by Mr. Heaton's Sana.
Midnight brought to a close an evening
of enjoyment, which, by unanlmeas consent, left nothing to be desired.
THE American Model Builder, the leader of all mechanical builder
toys, is the same price as last year.    Don't be fooled into payisg
higher prices for inferior linos—have the best.
No. 0 IraildB   105 models      11.00
No. 1 builds 173 modolB     12.00
No. 2 bjiids  232 models      24.00
No. 3 with motor builds 271 models     26.00
No. 4  with motor builds 3M modclB     18.00
No. 5 with motor buildB 336 models   218.00
No. (I with motor builds 352 models   130.00
Wc have all accessory sets and extra parts.
Make your selection now.   Wo will hold it for you.
Millar & Coe, Limited
A VOTE FOR US will fix you up with the finest suit or overcoat in Western Canada for
the least money. Six weeks ago we opened the largest and finest clothing store in the
West, and the response of the working men to our store has indeed been very gratifying.
Hundreds of satisfied customers are already on our books.   Our large buying facilities are
second to none in Canada, and by buying for spot cash, we are able to offer you values
'     that cannot be duplicated elsewhere in British Columbia =====
a combination coat and is very suitable for all times of the year; sold
every where for $26.00—
OVERCOATS—All sizes and colors in this lot; every coat guaranteed.
Patterns and values that are surprising in these times of high cost.
PRICES $15, $20, $25 and $30
styles, all sizes; every suit guaranteed fast color.
PRICES $20, $25 and $30
This Lot, Special Price, $25 Each
Everything that is used by Men and Young Men—Christmas Neckwear,
Fancy Silk Shirts, Fancy Suspenders, Fancy Umbrellas, Fancy Sweaters
In fact everything that a man wears except Shoes.            /
DICKS Limited
Opp. the Pantages Theatre


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