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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 21, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 51
s £—l —! !	
(la Vsncouvtrv
Olty. 12.00 ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
Subject of a Minimum W:
ta Be Taken Before
Local Men Decide to  Affiliate With
Central Body for Northwest
, By the addition of tbe Shipyard
Helpers' local of Vancouver to the
council of the' Shipyard Laborers ox
the Pacific Northwest, the membership
controlled by the body is now more
than 6,000. Ten locals are numbered
in the council and are mostly on Puget Sound. Efforts are being made to
extend the Influence of the council to
shipyards of San Francisco.
, The Vancouver local will probably
lave a permanent offlee secretary   on
ccount of the growing strength and
the organization.
ffice duties of 1
Many Women Cannot Li'
Decently on the Wages
They Receive
Vancouver, with ull Us prosperity, ii
ao exception to the rule that the bur*'
den of low wages falls on young girls,
and widows. The wages paid by some
well-known storekeepers in this city are
so low that the girl who hasn't her
•wn home, can, but by the most careful
living, keep body and soul together.
And some of them, Bad to say, give up
hope and go wrong all because of tho
conditions under which the laws of the
country pormit employers to grind
them down with wages sufficient to buy
food of the vory cheapest and to scarcely put respectable clothing on their
Low wages unquestionably drives
moro girls onto tho streets than any
other agency. And low wages are being
paid to girls in Vancouver. Under present day conditions, a girl who is de-
Scndent on hor own labor cannot exist
eoently on a dollar a day. Some storeB
are reported to pay considerably less.
Buch low wages are made possible by
the competition of girls who livo at
home, and uro out to make "pin"
monoy. A lot of theso are working beside glrla who hnve not homes, and
who are making a brnve light to remain
respectable and at tho same time keep
body and soul together. It is a struggle
no man can understand, nor woman who
has not boon through thc mill of modern capitalism where tho very soul of a j
woman Ib ground out of hor.
A number of complaints of low wnges j
havo been rcceivod by Tho Federationist. These show conditions of female
employment in this city to bo abominable in the face of the great prosperity .
ef thc employers and tho steadily ris-:
ing cost of the neccBsuries of life. j
In this connection there was recently:
•rguninod tho Minimum Wage League j
for Women which should immediately!
receive the moral backing and financial
assistance of every woman's organization ii the city whoso memberB have an
honest dos're for the social good of the
community.' A lot of well-meaning women belong to this and that club, where
they gather and frequently discuss social coaditions with their heads in the
clouds. Now and thon some or thc mora
venturesome tako a trip around the
rooming houses nnd obtain a casual
idea of the social conditions whieh
exist. Their Idea iB to do what they may
in the way of reformation. They forget that In social evils, us in disease,
cure Is prevention.
One of the best methods to make
social conditions better is to make tho
lives of dependent young girls happier
hy securing for them better working
conditions and wages sufficient to live
and dress decently.
That is the object of tho Minimum
Wage League which, if successful, will
have done more for the social good of
Vancouver than thc whole lot of women's clubs nad social welfare organizations. Any woman's organization
vttiu'h docs not endorse the Minimum
Wage League is in leaguo witb the class
•f employers who nro responsible to a
largo degree for the downfall of many
girls and women.
Tho league moots at the Labor Templo every firBt and third Friday. During January nn effort will bo mado to
get in touch with evory wage-earning
woman and hold a mass-meeting the
laBt week in the month for thc purpose of parsing a resolution directed
to tho legislature of British Columbia
asking for tho enactment of minimum
wnge legislation such »a is iu force in
Australin und tho United States. Delegates aro to be appointed to interview
tho government on tho subject. Women's organizations with minimum
wago planka in their platforms will
also be asked to aend delegates.
A genoral fooling is prevalent that
the government Bhould appoint a royal
commission to investigate the working
conditions und wages of women in thiB
province and to make recommendations
to tho governmont in this connection.
Engineers Add to Staff
So rapid has tho membership enm-
paigi of tho Steam and Operating Engineers progressed that it haB been
found necessary to add a stenographer
to the office staff to assist W. A. Alexander, the secretary and business agent.
The War Veterans Hadn't a
Word to Say Until
After Elections
At a meeting in Winnipeg on Tuesday last, the Oreat War Veterans
passed a resolution, which will be forwarded to the government, favoring
government control of the Patriotic
Fund and government responsibility
for the support of widows, orphans and
other dependents of soldiers in Canada.
The administration of the • Patriotic
Fund was sevorely criticized.
Majority of the Better Olass of Cafes
Now on Union List
Secretary W. Mackenzie of the
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses, reports
that, during this woek, three moro
houses have signed the agreements
with the union, and this makes the big
majority of cafes and restaurants fair
houses to organized Lnbor. Negotiations ure going on with the others with
good prospects. The local membership
is increasing steadily nnd there is general I satisfaction all round.
City Council May Solve the
Diculties of the Labor
The directors and friends of the Y,
M. C. A. in Vancouver haye given the
members of organised Labor a tip as
to how to redeem the Labor Temple
from the hands of a receiver. The
T. M. C. A. people have conceived the
idea of asking assistance from the city
council. They want 0120,000, provided
twice that amount Is subscribed by
friends of the T. M. O. A. ThiB on the
grounds that the. Y. M. C. A. is doing
good work for the returned soldiers and
its patrons generally.
Upon precisely the same grounds the
directors of Vancouver's Labor Temple
will be able to make the same plea, for
there isn't an organization in Vancouver securing more jobs for returned
soldierB, at union wages, than the busl*
ness agents of Vaneoaver unions. There
Ib this difference, however, Vancouver
unionists will not need #180,000. About
015,000 will do.
It will pay Vancouver trado unionists to keep an eye on what the city
council will do" for the Y. M. C. A.
The Lubor Temple Co. is in precisely
tho aame fix and a precedent or two
should help some.
Dr. Curry to Oo Bast
Dr. W. J. Curry, the dentist, leaves
for New York next week, on a business
Would Join Labor Oouncll
Application has been made by the
Women's Minimum Wage league for affiliation with  the Trades and Labor
couneil.     -
Hardy Placed on Board
W. Hardy, business agent for the
Shipyard Helpers', has been appointed
to the board of the Joint Council of the
Shipyard Laborers of the Pacific Northwest.
Consider Subscription Proposition
At the last meeting of the Shipyard
Helpers' local there was such a mass
of business to be transacted that the
proposition of The Federatlonist for the
local to subscribe to the paper in a
body was put over for consideration
at thc next mooting.
Reaction and Vrar
"The blood of the battlefield is the
stream that drives the mills of reaction." Tho elemontary and fundamental fact that in democracy thc officers
obey the men, while in militarism tho
men obey tho officers, ia the key to the
wholo situation. We aee nt once why
all the reactionaries are on the side of
war and a military basis of society."—
Havelock Ellis.
Democracy and Education
"The history, the political economy,
tho literature and the biology taught in
achools nnd colleges under tho control
of persona whose training and character
are moulded by "class" influences will
inevitably be anti-democratic. They
will continue to construct and propagate, as they have always done, n politics and an economics downed to ward
off asaaulfs upon the vested interests
of which thoy ure the intelloctunl mercenaries, Sinco tho real powor of the
people rests not upon the possession
of votes, but in tho capneity to use
thom, the renl struggle for domocracy
oentres around tho struggle for free
education, free alike from financial,
political, and moral control of the
classea. Educational democrncy is an
essential condition of political und industrial democrncy."—Johu A. Hobson.
Tho correspondent who aonds tho
above quotation, remarks: "All speed
to The FederationiBt in its educational
work of correcting the perspective produced by the schools und daily newspapers!"
Candidates M'Vety and Midgley
******      ******      ******      ******
Issue Statement To Workers
While some workers expresa disappointment at tho election returns and
the votes polled for tho candidates running in tho cuubo of Labor, it Ib to be
remembered that thore uro 3728 electors
in the constituencies of Vancouver Centre, Burrard and Vancouver South, who
could not bo swerved from their allegiance and principles by either tho hypocritical flag-waving of the Unionists or
the.blandishments of the "friends of
labor," the Libcrnls. And it took somo
stamina and steadfaatness of purposo to
resist tho efforts of those who promised
everything on earth to tho electors, including "winning-lhe-war," "Canada
ngainst Quebec," and the immediate
return-of those 'at the front on furlough.
**, In Vancouver South and Burrard,
every seventh nad ninth votor, respectively, adhered to their own cause, undeterred, by the four of "losing their
votes," or "loBing tho war,"
And.kabor ;s not blaming the womon
for the result either.   The same class
haB been in control ever since the men
had the vote ,and to blame the women
for not overturning the government Ib
absurd and savors of childishness. For
many of the women understand their
position and voted with greater intelligence than the men,
Tho result was well worth the effort,
and was tho best showing so far made
by any candidate on behalf or Labor.
This wns due to the oxcollent work
of the committeo in charge, and tho
sub-committees in South Vancouver,
Point Grey and North Vancouver, not
forgetting tho heavy work porformed
by Miss Gutteridge, the campaign man-
ttgor—one of the women disfranchised
under the War-Times Election Act, by
the way.
To all those and the spenkers who
supported tho cause at the dozens of
meetings that were held, we desire to
express thnnks nnd the hope that every
succeeding election will be contested in
the interests of Labor.
Late News Indicates That
Conscript Slavery Is
Again Defeated
Probably Due to Lack of a
Suitable War-Times
Election Act
From press dispatches ln toe late
edition of yesterday's daily papen
it appears that tile aeoond attempt
to induce tlie Australian people to
fasten upon themselves the ' infamous conscript aUrery desired
by their rulers and exploiters, hu
met with the fate accorded the
first effort, which was made a year
Out of something over one million
votes already counted, the auti-con-
scriptioniats have a majority of 120,000.
As there were 2,087,000 votes cast at
the referendum of one year ago, it
looks as though the lead mentioned
above will not likely be overcome by
the count of the remaining votes.
Onc especially cheering feature is to
be found in tho fact that a majority
of tho soldier vote at the front was
cast, a year ago, against conscription.
It is hardly possible that the experience
of tho last year will have been of such
a charucter as to chango the convictions of nny democrat, or other person
who is sincerely opposed to tyranny and
autocracy. If one half of the things
that are told of experience under the
military tyranny at the front bo truo,
and tho soldier be not ceorced in his
use of the ballot, it is reasonably certain that tho majority against conscription, at tho front, will be greator than
that of a year ago.
If the conscription scheme has again
been defeated, it may be largely due
to the mediocre qualifications for up-
to-date statesmanship possessed by the
political agents of the ruling class in
that backward land. If Premier Hughes
nnd his confreres were intellectually in
thc class of those ablo and' fareeeing
statesmen who constitute the government of Canada, they would havo easily
hatched a War-Time-Win-the-Election
Act that would havo made victory for
their holy cause as easy as working in
a brewery, or tuking candy away from
a ricketty kid. The next time thoy
mako a try ut it, let them copy a page
or two from the record of statesmen of
the first order.
If it prove true that the Australian
workors have again defeated tbe attempt to lead or force them into thc
shambles of military slavery, they are
entitled to be acclaimed as the only
workers on earth fit to stand with uncovered heads in the presence of the
revolutionary workers in RusBia. They
deserve the title of true democrats, and
thut cannot be Baid of the workers
of this western continent, especially.
They have again preserved thc right
to go forth aa free men in defense of
liberty's cause, whenever they recognize her mandate, and have refused to
be thrown aB cringing and unwilling
sacrifices upon the altar of the god of
ruling-class ferocity and brutality, by
the upstarts and satraps of that mur-
derouB and conscienceless deity.
All hail to the workers of Australia!
Strength to their arms I May their
courage and their devotion to democracy never grow less!
*_ Every trado unionist in Canada will
regret to know that Dick Rigg, Winnipeg, failed to beat Borden 'b Election
Act and land in tho house of commons
at Ottawa. Had be arrived there
would havo beon a shaking of dry bones
among some of tJione gouty old bellboys for the Flavellos and other coiners of human blood into juicy profits.
_ Start today to get ready for the
next political campaign. The workers
must exercise the tenacity of a bulldog
pup at a root and never let go till
they have elected their own law-makers.
There is no other way. Skeptics should
watch what the enemy pays heed to
and emulate the example. The employers and profiteers know what to do.
Ruling   Class   Civilization
Plunging Madly to
Its Doom
Chaos to Follow Unless the
Working Class Rises
to the Occasion
The eighth annual convention of tht B. 0. Federation of Labor will convene in Vancouver, B. O.,
on Monday,, January 28,
THE SUICIDE of a slave civilization
is now well under way upon the
bloody fluids of Europe. The death
rattlo in its throat is to bo soon heard
in all countries of tho earth. Lands
tbat are not yet immediately involved
in the actual slaughter are rapidly up
proiiching tbe day whon they will be
clutched by the beast of starvation nnd
tbeir people swept away by Its withering aad deadly breath.
These conclusions are not tho wild
speculations of irresponsible calamity-
howlers and would-be acaremongers,
who would attain a little brief notice
by crying "wolfI wolf!" when there
ia no wolf in sight. They arc conclusions that ure us inevitable as the correct answer to any other mathematical
problem. A hundred million men cannot bc withdrawn from the useful and
absolutely ncceBaary purposes of feeding, clothing and 'sheltering humanity,
and set to killing, devastating and destroying, without eventually bringing
the civilization responsible for such
stupendous folly to wreck, ruin and
complete collapse.
The entire European world is even
now upon the verge of that collapse.
And this western world, hitherto
the most favored .peat of the ruling
class empire of capitalism, is rushing
with headlong speed into the abyss that
is yawning, for the engulfment of slavery end tho civilizuUon that is built
upon it.
With a half of Europe devastated
and rendered unfruitful; with countless
millions still bending their every effort
to extend the devastation and make it
more complete; with a world shortage
of foodstuffs, a shortage that is due
solely to the conversion of these millions of men from peaceful induatry to
ruling class crime; with a food scarcity
that ihust inevitably become more accentuated each day that this brutal
human holocaust continues; with the
threat of privation and even actual
starvation looming ever moro ominously
upon the horizon of the most favored
lands of the earth, as a direct consequence thereof; and witn no prospects
in sight that this stupendous folly is to
ond within any measurable period of
time, the finger of certainty pointB with
compelling directness to the conclusion
that the end can only be that of annihilation by suicide. So plain are the
facta and so overwhelmingly ia the evidence to substantiate them, that they
can only remain hidden to rulers und
their statesmen and similar persons of
dull wit and circumscribed intellect.
If anything is to be saved out of the
ruins of this slave civilization, granted
that there is anything in its worth saving, it will be up to the working class
to effect the salvage.
Rulers and their attorneys and statesmen know only how to rule nnd rob,
and tho result of ten thousand yeara of
that policy is being expressed in
that magnificent display of suicidal
madncBg with which the world is now
being regaled.
Outside of Russia there is as yet no
pronounced manifestation thnt would
warrant the assumption that the working clnss yet possesses sufficient moral
fibre and consciousness of itself to provide a safe hook to hang a hope upon.
Let it be hoped, however, that tho
forthcoming convention of the B, C. F.
of L. will arise to the occasion and
sound the clarion call to a Labor world
yet wandering in thc outer darkness.
There is plenty of inspiration in the
present world situation.
And there is ample need for vigorous
By the End of the Tear Membership
Will Be Olose to Thousand Mark
With fully 150 new members enrolled during December thus far, added to
about 300 enrolled last month, the Shipyard Helpers' union is now near the
thousand mark, and Ib one of the largest
locals in the northwest. It is tho largest union of shipyard helpers in tbo
northwest, having a larger membership
already than the local has in Seattle.
General Teamsters'
Chauffeurs' Union
Next meeting postponed owing to Ohristmu holidays to
Wednesday, Jan. 2,1918
Expect to Have All Employers Signed Up in Next
Few Weeks
Success has crowned the efforts of tho
Teamsters and Chauffeurs' locnl in its
efforts to reach an agreement with the
big departmental stores, nnd Bert
Showier, business agent, reported yeB'
terday, thut the Hudson's Bay, Spencer's ' and Woodward's stores had
reached a decision favorable to the
union. Tho now wage scale is from
$19.50 to 421 a week.
A committee has been appointed to
draw up a wage schedule for the wood,
coal and lumber business. It is ex*
pocted employers of this, class will see
the advantage of paying a better scale
of wages which makes for better satisfaction among the employees in these
days when the cost of living has gone
so high, and would mean, naturally,
greater efficiency.
The local, although less than six
months old, now has a membership
close to 760.
In addition to subscribing for The
Federationist in a body for its entire
membership, this progressive union has
affiliated itself with nil the allied bodies
in thc province.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite and
Committee As Busy
As Beavers
If Not Elected By Acclamation  Will  Win
LADYSMITH, V. L, Dec. 20.—A
campaign committee of the miners, as*
sisted by many others uot immediately
identified with the organized Labor
movement, are getting ready for the belated bye-election in Newcastle riding.
Our candidate, Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite, has been spending a good deal oz
time of late in the riding, and both ho
and the committee supporting bim, us
the successor to Parker Williams, are
ready for the announcement of election
day, probably Bome time during the latter part of next montb. It is generally
conceded here tbat Huwthornthwalto
may win tho seat by acclamation, but
at any rate, he will win it, contest or
no contest.
Thero iB some tulk, too, thut the vacancy in Alberni should be contested by
tho workers. It seemB to your correspondent that this Ib one of the places
where tho B. C. F. of L. executive committeo might continue its good work, by
helping to place a candidate iu Alberni.
And, of course, Vancouver trade union-
ists cnn be depended upon to see thut
that seat is represented by u Labor
Now that organized Lubor bus gone
into politics, through the B. C. F. of L,,
it must seo that no position is left uncontested from tbis date hence. Wc
must expect to light ngainst odds for
a time, but trade unionists are accustomed to doing that. On with the
Longshoremen Plan Ball
While the plans are not ns yot sufficiently advanced fur publication, the
Longshoremen nre planning n big dance
for tbe holiday season which unquestionably will be one of the greatest
social successes of organized Labor
They are still talking about the ball
the Longshoremen gave in honor of thc
erew of the steamship Niagara.
fjf Not a single one of thc 118 Labor
candidates managed to boat Bordon'a
loaded dice last Monday. But the showing, under the circumstances, was not
too rotten for a start. It took ihe
trade unionists of thc old land thirty
yoarB to break into the game. It won't
tuke the workers of Canada that long,
now tbnt they huve made a start.
<J Flags aud petticonts have triumphed in Canada, ably assisted by Borden's
loaded dice. Now the rcul indoor
sports begin. It will be soon enough
for the wage-workers of British Columbia to obey the provisions of the Military Service Aet when it is enforced in
Quebec.    Wait and see.
Trades and Labor Council.
December 23, 1892
Reports were received from chairmen
of different ward committees re prospective candidates for municipal elections. Robt. Cosgrove reported Tor
ward one, W. D. Johnstone for ward
two, Geo. Gagen for ward three, Dan
O'Dwyer for word four, arid Geo. Pollay for wnrd five.
Mr. McDowell, druggist, owing to
business, could not run for mayor—or
alderman, and Mr. Cargill will run in
ward three for alderman, John McDowell will ran in wnrd four, C. Woodward will not contest ward four.
Wm. Towler, J. Bovine, .7. Wolfe, —
Yates, J. Gavin will nil contest ward
Aid. Wm. Drown will likely contest
the mayoralty.
J. Wallace WIU Ba At Head of Machla-
lata' Local During Noxt Yoar
At the regular meeting of the Machinists' lodge, No. 182, the following
officers were elected for the ensuing
year: President, J. Wallace; vice-president, A. R. Towler) recording secretary,
J. T. Brooks; financial secretary, J. H.
MoVety; treasurer, F. Pisher; conductor, J. Edmundson; sentinel, J. McDonald; board of trustees, C. Mattison, W.
Yendell and G. Lyle; delegates to
Trades nnd Labor council, J. H. McVoty, J. T. Brooks, A. B. Towler, W.
Hawthorne, Q. Lyle.
Innocent Women and Children Must Suffer for
Fathers' Folly
Though the Borden govornment had
issued instructions that tha pay of
B. C. military home guards should be
reduced 12% cents per day, at least
threo days prior to the election, the
news was not "released" by the local
daily press until Wednesday, two days
later. The -home guards got what they
undoubtedly voted for and the rest
of thc bunch will as assuredly got theirs
beforo many months have passed. It
takes a lot of "experience'' to teach
some people, but thero will be enough
of it to do tho trick all right, all right,
before Bordon's highbinders get
Oity Council Formally Notified of Decision of Men for Increased Fay
Tbe steady rise in thc prico of food-
stjffs is responsible for u demnnd whieh
the curpenters huve mnde on the city
council. The city clerk has received a
letter from G. H. Hardy, president, and
J, G. Smith, secretary of the- carpenters, notifying the council of two contemplated increases in the wages of
carpenters whieh would bo put into effect February 4, and May 1,1918. The
union officials stated that owing to the
increase in the cost of living carpentors'
wagos aftor that date would be 62%
eents an hour, and further, that on
May 1 the rate would be increased to
08% cents per hour. Double time will
also be charged for all overtime and
holidays. The letter was filed for refer*
once without any comment.
Trades and Labor Council Notified of
New Oriental Competition
Asiatics are now catering into shipbuilding competition here, according to
a report which A. Watchman of tho
Shipwrights made to tbe Trades aud
Labor Couneil last night. On his recommendation the matter was referred to
thu eiecutive of thc council.
Thu ships which are being built by
Japanese labor are for the cannery interests, it wns explained.
Official Result in Burrard
S. J.  Crowe,   Unionist    9079
P. Donnelly, Liberal   4633
V. Midgley, Labor   1096
Rejected ..'.  01
In   envelopes  29
Total    15,998
Labor Vote Results Wanted
Campaign committeo secretaries
throughout British Columbia are urged
to send oftitnnl results of the federal
election to The .Federationist, so fur
as the B. O. F. of L. candidates nre
concerned. As soon as possible the
total vote recorded by the 38 Labor
candldatea In Canada will be given
Out in thoso columns.
Will Decide on Meoting Date
The next meeting uf the Warehousemen will be on Friday, Dee. 28, ut
which time this local will decide on
whnt days of the month regular meetings will be bold. The membership is
showing u very satisfactory increase.
Butchers Ilave Smoker
On Wednesday night the Butchers
and Ment Cutters gave a smoker that
was attended by about IBO members.
Twelve turkeys were raffled. The entertainment was of a high order, by
Home of the talented members of the
Some 73 Stores Disregarded Half-holiday and Kept Open Wednesday
The Retail Clerks appreciate very
much the attitude of tho majority of
tho first-dans retail stores in seeing eyo
to eye with tho clerks' executive committee on tho question of keeping stores
open Wednesday afternoon. It waa tho
opinion of 'lie oXocutivo committee that
the half-holiday law should be observed.
This view wub tnkon by many store
proprietors also. However, there wore
some which did not, and kept open in
violation of the law, ami these promised their clorkfl that tha time they bnd
worked whon under the law they could
havo boon enjoying a holiday, would
b6 Hindi' up.
It was noticeable that, the places
which disregarded the half •holiday
were such places as pny clerks the lowest wages. Borno 73 business firms
will huve lo pny from $10 to #50 lino
apiece for keeping opon.
At tin- next regular meeting of the
Retnil Clerks matters of much importance aro to be dlsouised and all
the membera are requested to bc particular to attend.
Trades and Labor Conndl
',    Discusses Flat Rate
Last Night
Will Send Delegation to Interview Government on
the Proposal
At tho Trades and Labor Council
mooting last night, Delegate Marshall
udvancod a resolution urging that an
amendment be made to the Workmen'•
Compensation act so as to pat compensation on a flat rate for the boat-
lit ot that class of labor that is not
paid as woll as others.
The resolution canes for sending
delegates to Victoria to take np the proposal with the provincial authorities.
Business Agent Midgley made tht
suggestion that tho wholo question bo
taken up at tho convention of the B. O.
Federation of Labor, which will be
held in this oity next month.
President McVoty pointed out that
the proposal of Del. Marshall had no
merit. If highly-paid mon were pre-
pared to accept a' less amount, employers, no doubt, would be prepared to
givo a higher rato to low-paid men.
Tho flnt rata basis, in. his opinion, had
no merit whatevor. Higher paid man
certainly woro not going to accept a
low rnte for fhe benefit of lower paid
The legislature, President MeVety
pointed out, hnd not gone over to Labor
entirely, yot.
For the very reasons that President
MeVety had citod, Del. 0. H. Hardy
was in favor of the resolution. Oaa
thing thnt had kept Labor apart waa
the difference in wagos. The laborer
taking compensation under the present
act, could not livo on it, though the
high-priced mon could.
The business agent, while set apposing the motion, insisted the proper way
to go about the matter waa to take it
up with the federatioa next month, far
it was a subject which eOected tht
wholo province. Del. Midgley meved
an amondment to that efeat. fait Ml
opposed by 0. H. Hardy wht preferred
that tht council skaad defeat tto
amendment and aead its delegatee to
the convention initructed far At iat
ratt.   The resolution wai carried.
On taotion of Del Trotter tto council went on record at tpptttd tt tto
further extonsion of tto fraatUat giving corporations tto right tt vita.
The business agent waa instructed to
take up with the Northern Construction
company, whieh is building tto C. N.
R. depot, the question tf employment
of non-union labor.
Dol. Helena Gutteridge proposed tkat
the federal election committees to continued for provincial or civic elections.
She expressed tho opinion that tht
Lnbor candidates had done well under
the circuniBtaneoB and it wob a good
start that Labor had made in politics.
Miss Gjttcridgo offered tf resolution
to the effect thnt tho council appropriate $100 to pay the campaign deficit
and thnt a per capita tax of 10 conts
be imposed as a nucleus of future campaigns be considered by tho executive.
Del. G. H. Hardy opposed the lattor
suggestion, saying that industrial Labor should bo divorced from the political movemont, for thoro were mon in
each who would not opposo tho other.
Dol. Crawford did not agroo with
Dol. Hardy's position. Dol. Winch laid
industrial and political organizations
were identical for the general welfare
of Labor.
Miss Gutteridge consented to divide
her resolution and tho firBt part carried nnd the latter lost.
Dol. Morrison, of tho Eloctrical
Workere, announced tbat ho had a communication from tho Htneltcrmou of
Trni] who nre on strike and who ask
for assistance. He explained that tho
"trike wns colled in the interests of
mechanical men who wanted nn eight*
hour dny. No increases iu wages were
Dels. Miss Gutteridge and Oeorge H.
Hardy were selected to represent the
council on the Vancouver Institute.
The following credential* were re*
Shipwrights—A, Watchman, K. Mac-
kenzio, It. Mackenzie, R. Crockett,
Prince, McAnich, Rogers.
Cooks, Waiters nnd Waitresses—Mrs.
Minnie Burnet*. Joo Ricnrd.
Meat Cutters—N. B. Brazewell, H.
M. Graham.
I. B. of B. M.—F. Fawkes, M. Mc
EncHorn, 11. Klcy, E. Alston, E. A.
Moore, B. Young, W. Marsnan.'
Blacksmiths— Italph Spooner.
I. B. E. W.—Thomas Parsons.
In view of the cold weather it waa
decided to withdraw the girl piekets
at McLeod's cafe. Business Agent
Midgloy snid it wns impossible to keep
tho girls oa picket during tke told
weather. Thc girlB will be empltyed
elsewhere. In the meantime the strike
will bo continued und the cafe kept on
the unfair list.
On motion of Del. Trottor a meeting
will be of ranged for a lecture on proportional  representation.
A resolution was pnssed congratulating the waitresses on the pickot lino
thoy hnve maintained nt McLeod's
WIU Hold Smoker
The Haw Filers' nsBOoiutiou will hold
"smoker" on Saturday ovoning, December 20, nf the Travellers hotel, Abbott street. A good programme will be
provided. Also thero will he good
Special Meeting Shipyard Helms
On Jan. 4 a special annual meeting
of the Shipyard HolporB' union will be
held for thc purpose of electing officers
for the ensuing year. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY. December 11, 1MT
$30 and $32
Guaranteed Indigo Dye
Blue Serge Suits
Mon's pure wool, heavy weight, WeBt of England navy blue
Serge Suits, faultlessly tailored; guaranteed ghape-kceping,
and absolutely fast indigo dye, as long as you wear one.
Sec these tomorrow—it will pay you to do so.
Arnold & Quigley
Your Hat, Sir-
It is here   0_t) £A
for you at <tJ>&.DU
No More
No Less
We told In Snappy and Up-to-date Models
Our Slogan:
Quality at the Least Possible Price •
Black and White Hat Store
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.i 618 View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses nnd Nur-
aary, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F 0,i Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Ham*
. nond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Ilain Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
13 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 98S-672.
Branoh Store, Vancouver—728 Granvillo Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province*
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If y6u want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Canadian Northern Railway
. Telephone Seymour 2482
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
toot sum mm
Thoughts on the "Election'
But there has been no "election." There
has been a shake for a cigar—the "sweets
of office"—and the dice wore loaded: there
has beon n card gamble and tbo cards were
"marked." "Vou cannot beat the Election
Act," said Calder, who knew that provision
had boen made for a "heads I win, (ales
you lose" game which made it "a cinch,"
"a cert," for the Tories and their "unionist" heelers. It was tho government in
again—thoir opponents nowhere, and too
"election" WM a farce.
I saw Bir Herbert Troe play "Svengali"
in "Trilby." S. you know was a pianoforte
virtuoso, Tree could not play the pianoforte 1—ho wont through the motions on the
keyboard—a man in tho "wings" did all
th© playing. Tlio poor wretched deluded
electors, the opposition candidates went
through tho "motions" of "nn election,"
bore, the expense, had the useless exertions,
the tune was mnde by tho governmont, the
profltoers, the horde of pnrty hacks who are
ready to murder British democracy aB
Chnrlos I., Strafford and Land wero to murder English liberty. Thoy mado Chnrlos I.
shorter by n head; thoy hove put Bordon
back on his tyrant's throne—but "wait and
seo." "Ever the truth comes uppermost—
ever  is  justice  done."
"You old fool—a mun of your nge and
ennnot seo this 'election' came at n most
momentous period of our Empire's history."
Yes! nnd I have known during sixty yoars
many "momentous periods or our Umpire's
history"—on which tho people claimed the
right to speak—nnd voto. Did men of tho
Borden class give thotn the right
speak? Witness the Petorloo massacre; my
head still bears the scars msde by policemen's truncheons when I helped to pull
down Hyde Park rnillngs—miles of them-
whon they shut us out from tho People's
Forum—where wo went in support of securing tho. franchise—gaining only a bit, a
littlo bit of the "political power" wc are sup*
posed tn hnve todny. Again in Trafalgar
Sqnnre I got my head cracked who:
polico roilo over honest working men as
ruthlessly as tho Huns rode down Belgians
or Roumanians—nnd having fought for tho
sacred right 'of tho franchise I now sen it
for political expediency givon to any woman
whose "relation" has donned khaki though
the motive of the khaki-wearer may bo only
to be photographed in kilts. For forty years
I have fought with comrades like Helen
Taylor, Emmiline Ponkhurst, Octavlo Hill
and Mrs. Despnrd for the vote for intelligent
women who would regard the franchise as
a sacred trust. I boo good, excellent, deserving, patriotic women, denied tho vote
but it's given to tlie woman who can bo deluded with the Ue that "a voto for tho Liberal or the Lahor man means a cross over
n grave in France." I did not support the
"union" government—because it was a
Tory government. I would not Bond a good
"Grit" or a good Lnbor mnn to mingle
with the Tories—why not? A parson had a
parrot; it prayed beautifully j ho bought another parrot of o sailor. That parrot swore
awful 1 He turned it into the'first pnrrot's
c.'iire tn lenrn to prny, but no; it taught the
"good"  parrot to swear 1
Look back through history and see how
I'vil communications hnve corrupted good
mon. You cnn no more conl'ese tho true
democrat nnd the Tory grafter in "politics"
than you cnn unite oil nnd wnter—and if
you Bay, "Look at Britain now," my reply
is thnt in Britain, politics hnve boen put
aside for n "win the wnr" policy and hero
—"win tho wnr" Is only n enmoufiago cover
for Toryism of tho worst typo and graft bo
corrupt that it smells to heaven.
Toryism I the friend of "British democracy"—tho gall of it. Toryism denied us
the cheap newspaper—and called us the ignorant "snob;" i; taxed our window
glass nnd called us "tbe unenlightened
multitude," it taxed onr soap, and called
us "the grent unwashed"—it denied us the
vote—until by fighting for it we got it, and
now they client us out of it—nnd we let
them I
The Lnbor candidates did not win! Of
course thoy did not. The women—working
men's wives nnd mothers—hnve not yet boon
educntnd in the use of the voto long enough
to know it—nnd regard it—ns the sacred
thing it is. Thoy vote—this timo—as was
the fashion to vote. "Oh, yesl 1 know what
to do; I'm to put a cross against Mr.
Crowe's name," snid one lady voter. Not
against the name of tbe man she bad selected for his worth or his principles. The
parson hnd told her how to votei I ant
old enough to remember the flrst women on
boards of giinrdians, on the school beard,
etc. For years they voted as tho Rov.
Canon CJnrke voted, as the Rev. Stowart
Headluni voted: it wns years beforo such
women as Honor Morton* nnd Helen Taylor
voted as tbey had thought out they should
voto on a policy they had themselves thought
The'Tories I There hiwe heen—there are
thank God I Men with- the -old-fashioned
Ideas of hgnor and justice who would not
stoop to "thimble-rig" trick's' in our election; such a man wns George Wyndham who
rotircd from Bnttersea "because Bnttersea is
n working clnss constituency; it should be
represented by n working man. and the
working-man candidate is a good man—-in
fact a bettor man than I am." So George
Wyndham said tn mo whon ho rotlrod In
favor of John Burns who was a good man
until corrupted by association with Tories,
and Tories in tho disguise of Liberals.
There has boen no eloction—but that we
have gono through the form of it has done
good. "In the absence of newspapers, wo
have to speak to tho peoplo," said Laurier,
and though ignored for a while, whnt has
been said by tho opposition—Labor men
included-—will sink in.
"Oppose the Burden-Unionist government
and you aro a traitor—you are a friend of
the Hun—you won't support the boys In
the trenches." The man who says that to
me is n liar—and a coward. From the hour
Britain was In thc war "win tho war and
boat tho Hun" has been driving me every
minute to do "my hit".'' Tho blood of my
kindred—mnny of thom—stains the flolds of
Frnnce; nnd I have sweated body and brain
for "the cauae"—nnd Bee strong husky,
young men, Bordon hoolers—whoso llpa nevor
utter a word of concern for the war, and
whose hands nre ever Itching for cards and
bowls, thoy cry "win tho war," and havo
"saved Canada." by votes given to politician grafters and plnco hunters and profiteers. Bordon wns In power. I would havo
npplnuded him to tbe echo had he and his
party played the tyrant, and acting on the
"National Servico cards," mndo young and
old, rich nnd poor, give nit r, time, strength,
wonlth, lifo, to "win tho war," but to go
through the farce of a democratic election to
•make the promise ef representative government to the ear—and break it to the hope—
that is a trial for an old man, who sees,
filched from him all he has gamed by half a
century's fighting, cannot stand. Go to it,
everytime. The education of an election is
worth all the work, all the trouble. British
Columbia has had the deluding fern seed
thrown in her eyes by a malignant Puck.
Titania is enamoured of an ass—an artful,
malicious ass, but Titania will wake up some
day. Liek the Hun—absolutely, completely,
to a frazzle, then turn your attention to your
enemies at home—those who rob you of your
votes—and filch your hard-earned money
while they scream they aro "saving Canada."
Don't lot it be said that all the good men
havo gono over the Boas and the weaklings
left at homo with "near oecr" In tbeir
bellies, are leaving government to petticoats
and aprons.
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 18.
As to Co-operative stores
Editor and Readers of The Federationist:
It is not often that I trespass on your valuable space, but at this juncture, when there
are two companies advertising in The FederationiBt, both of which assumo to bo organized for thc samo purposo—tho reducing
of tho cost of living—and, as in my opinion
the honorable names of some of our host
officials in the Labor movement are in jcop-
ury, it certainly seems necessary to placo
before the memberB of orgnnized Labor, tho
basis of tho two systems.
In tho yenr 1834, n remarkable figure
appeared on the horizon In the name of
Ralph Owen, and from the ethical, sentimental uud partly clasB-consclous movoment of
those early days, has sprung all tho different phases of the Labor movement, political,
socialism or Labor parlies, syndicalism or
working class direct action in its various
phases, and the co-operative movement. Thore
nro no signs that the Intter movement is
understood in the slightest degroo by tho
primo movers of the Emporium Limited, nor
are nny provisions of the Co-operativo Societies Act adopted. Those acts, with thoir
various amendments, hnvo been pressed homo
on nn unwilling legislature by the British
Trndes Union Congress nnd the Independent
Labor Party of Great Britain, Vast sums
of money have been expendod by the Labor
movement, and throe special committees have
been appointed at different times by the
Trndes Congress, to compel tho various governments to givo tho necessnry legislation
noedod by the workers for the successful
carrying-on of a system of distribution. All
theso provisions, workod and paid for by the
workers, have boon ignored by tho Emporium
company, and, ns a tent, will
npply for admission to tho Cooperative Union of Canada t As I
am confident they will refuse to comply with
this request, it is absolutely esesntial for
mo to stnto a few of the differences between
this compnny, organized undor the Limited
Liability Act (and not under the Co-operative .Societies Act) and thc conditions that
hnve been striven nnd paid for by the workers in the older lands, and havo, by tho
propaganda of the Co-operative Union of
Canada, boen adopted by the British Columbin government and made law.
First—Tho Co-operntivo Societies Act
provides,' one man ono voto, no mattor how
mnny shares ho mny hold. This will give
overy shareholder nn oqum opportunity to
participate in tho management of tho business, whereas if at any timo, under tho
Limited Liabilities Act, any mnn being able
by nny menns>. either by subscription in tho
first plnco or acquiring by purchase later
mor* thnn hnlf of the stock, cnn absolutely
run the business to suit himself, and freeze
nut al) the other shareholders, despite whnt
nny adv-sory committee may advise to tho
contrary. Mnny illustrations could be cited
in tho mining companies of this province
if required.
Second—For eighteen years tho Trades
Congross of Britain ngltntcd for and succeeded In securing nn amendment so thnt
in case a working man had to leave the Jo-
cnlity in which ho hnd secured employment,
ho could draw out his full money paid on
shares, bb ho would havo no furthor use
for hfs capital as a means of reducing his
own cost of living nnd could invest lt in the
city ho was compelled' to go to in search of
the elusive job. Under the Liability Act of
tho Emporium Limited, one could not draw
out one's capital. One must soil at the
best price -available, and, as tbere Is no possibility of tbis -proposed stook being listed
on tho stock exchange, the owner will be
nt tho mercy of thc lnrge shareholder, even
if be can get n purchaser at any price.
If the action of tho Lahor movement of
nil tho countries wero not sufficient to warn
nn of tho Impending danger and disgrace, a
glance at tho promise department of the circular and advertisements should be sufficient,
They say.: "Unlike ronl Co-operative societies (ns prompted and endorsed by tho Labor
movement) we will give the profits at the
time of purchase, or, In other words, we
will sell to shareholders at cost plus tho
working expenses." This sounds a fine promise, but when one looks around tho business
centre of this city, and sees the goods that
are being advertised at cost and sometimes
below cost, and At the snine time the sellers
nre living sumptuously, in comparison with
the workers, one wonders whether this Is
simply air. How is it possible to estimate
thc actual working expenses, depreciation of
goods unsold, etc., until the end of the year?
Then again, what has this company set aside
for education! Nothing. Thoy know that
with education, the possibilities of Vancouver banks, Dominion banks, and bogus real
estate schemes wtll sink Into oblivion, and
tho worker will como into his own,
If tbe workor desires to receive the beat
old nature cnn give, and as much as possible of wbat he produces, be must join himself tn the organizations as prompted, from
timo to time, by the efforts of the workeri
themselves nnd not go astray after the pro-
sinned good offices of the exploiters.
The lahor unions, tho federationist, the political labor movement; no matter by what
nailed called, and Uie co-operative movement,
as endorsed by a long history of endeavor
on the part of the world-wide labor move*
m-int. demands of you and gives to you n
certain promise, in the long run, of a fuller
shnro of the world's enjoyments.
Much more could ho said of the danger
to which ono may fall a victim, if spaco permitted, but all that can bo desired is that
those who have placed their names as advisers, not supervisors, as stated, shall overlook the situation and act so as not to decoy the workers, nor to lose the effect of
their valuable work on behalf of the organised Labor movement by unconsciously endorsing something thnt the older countries
have fought agalnnt for bo many years.
I  remain  yours  in unity.
288 Twenty-second avenuo east.
They fit you and satisfy
your idea of what good
clothes and good tailoring
should be.
With wool still soaring in
price the label-in-the-pocket
means the cost of the suit
when the wool was-bought
over a year ago.
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
The Women and Their Lesson
Kditnr B. C. iFederationist; The orime of
thc ages hns beon perpetrated on the grief-
stricken women of onr country. This waB the
first adventure Into the mysteries of politics
nd thc mothers and wives of thc boys over-
S'im were grossly betrayed by tho mummers
of unci cut (uporstitioits,
There were several hundred of these safety-first, hell-fire captains who wore Imported
for this delectable job, which be It to the
credit of our focal ministers, who refused to
inflict the dose as prescribed.
Many men as well as womon went to the
polls nnd votod contrary to their previous
convictions, aftor having a volley of foar
and intimidation flung at them on Snnday
by the followers (?) of tho Princo of Peace.
Thon bb a fitting climax to this dose of
fear poison, Fitzie-G. provldea a ghost of
push tho elbow of those who might have a
glimmering of reason loft aftor this violent
attack on tho sensitive emotions of the wives
and mothers of soldiers. •>
In conclusion I will implore those who
condemn all womon, to consider the causo
for what may or may not prove to bo a regrettable effect.
The present classificntlon wilh imbeoilos,
children, etc., might not prove to bo the
Let us wntcli and wait. In thc meantime,
If tho landlord tries to raise the rent and
thore Is n smaller income with which to pay,
just tell him ahout Fitzie'a ghost story.
Vancouver, Doc. 19,   1917,
(Affiliated With Trades and Labor Council)
Headquarters--Now   Westminster
Brnnch Local—Oknlla
Grand Presidont   Bro. Kerr
Business  Agont    Sir Robert Borden
Recording Secretary   Magistrate fihow
Master of Ceremonies .. Hon. Doherty, M.of ,T.
Statistician  R. p. pottlpioco
Dues—One cent pot year, in advance.
Members must be  British  objects.
Any  member  found  guilty of nny crime
will  lose  membership   status.
Members should not damage tho upholstery
or works of art, in their cells,
Tainted   pork   should   bc   conserved,   and
not wasted.
No   member   shnll   ent   other   than   atnle
God Save Our Splendid Men
Prince Rupert Trades and
Labor Council Supported Member-Elect
PRINOE EUPERT, B. C, Dec. 22.—
A short timo ago, tho Trades and Labor Council here, in viow of rumora of
an approaching Dominion election,
deemed it essential and fitting that the
voico of Labor bo hoard; especially
should any encouragement com* from
the different unions in Princo Ruport
and tho Skoena electoral district.
A meoting of union card mon was
called, and after much discussion concerning finances nnd possible candidates, it was finally rosolvod to ask
thc legislative committeo to draft a
platform and submit samo to the workers. This was dono, tho roport boing
prosonted til tho Carpenters' hall,
Prince Ruport, October 30, 1917. This
report was unanimously adopted, and a
campaign committee, to ilraft ways and
menus, was appointed. This committee mot November 5 and drow up a
report, tho substance of which is as
"Your committee find it impossible
to run a Labor candidate. Twenty let-
tors have beon mailed previously to tho
outlying districts inquiring if any support would be given v. Labor candidate, and if so, how much, approximately, would be contributed, Each of
thoso circular lottors also asked if any
candidates were already being considered, with a view to presenting their
names at a convention to bo hold In
Princo Ruport at a later date. Your
cominitteo did not roceivo any reply
to any of thoso circular letters. Therefore, Mr. Frod Stork, boing tho standard-bearer of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, your
committeo, after interviewing Mr.
Stork, decided to call anothor meeting of organized Labor and prosont
thoir viows, this meeting to bo hold
Novombor 13."
At the above meeting, aftor tho report of the campaign committeo was
heard, it was unanimously agreed to
further tho caudidnturo of Mr. Frod
Stork as tho best means of promoting
nnd upholding the principles of organized Labor. Wc have not tho timo or
money necessary to call on you personally. We can only present our
views nnd findings. We earnestly ask
you, on behalf of organized Labor, to
carefully consider this circular. Wo
nsk you to help sustain tho true spirit
of the principles of organizod Labor
and democracy by casting your ballot
for Mr. Stork in tho coming eloction.
Fraternally yours,
GEO. CASEY, Mine and Smelter
WorkerB, Chairman.
S. D. MACDONALD, Typographical Union, Prosidont of Trades
and Labor Couucil.
FRED SHAW, Fish Packers'
S. V. COX, Engineers' Union.
J. BANK, Fish Packers' Union.
R. T. J. ROSE, Machinists' Union
Attendance Roll Prepared by Statistician Fred. Snowies of Central
Labor Body
I. L A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, W. Gille>-
pie, H. Newton, A. E. Shirley.
Brieklayera—w. Pipes, F. Vaughn.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, E. Herrltt.
Bartenders—W. Mottlaftaw-.
Bookbinders—No dolegates.
Brewery Workora—G. Gilbert.
Boilor Makers—J. MoAnninch, Young;.
Iron Workers—B.  MasBocar.
Cigar Makers—A. P. Teitien, 0. Swartz,
G. Ernst, J. Walters.
Civic Employees—V. R. Mldgley, G. Harrison, J.  C. Woods, J. Whito, J. McFarlane.
Cooks and Walters—A. Graham, J. Ricard,
F. Welton, W. McKensle.
Bro. of Carpenters—G. Worth, 0. E.
Thom, W. Thomas, J. fc. rampbell, A. McDonald,
Amal. Carpenters—R. Edmonds, R. McCor-
Deep Sea Fishermen—No delegates,
Electrical Workers—T. Parsons, Murdock.
Garment Workera—No delegates,
Civic Firemen—No delegates.
I. A. M. 777—H. Fleming, F. Edney, G.
Letter Carriers—V. Knowles.
I. L. A.—G. Thomas, G. Kelly, W. Elliot,
J. Rowlands.
Lathers—No delegates.
Machinists—J. H. McVety, G. Lyle.
M. P. 0.—No delegates,
Molders—A.   H.   Donaldson.
Pressmen—No dolegates.
Piumbors—A. Cowling, F. W. Welsh.
Pattern  Makers—No delegates.
Painters—No delegates.
Press Assistants—W. H. Neshit.
Piledriveni—W. Campbell.
Plasterers—No dolegates.
Retail Clerks—A. P. Glen, C. D. Bruce,
A. L. Munn.
Railway Mall Clerks—No delegates.
Stroet Railway Employees—W. Cottrell, J.
Hubble, V. Hnigh, A. Lofting, Kermode.
Shoot Motal Workors—A. J. Crawford, J.
Sailors—W. B. Burns.
Shoe Workers—A. Collldge.
Stage   Employees—Nn   delegates.
Shipyard Laborers— M. Phelps, G. Fits-
pH trick.
Steam Engineers—W. Vntigbn, W. Alex-'
ander, F.  L. Hunt.
Shipwrights—No delegates.
Dredgemen—No delegato*.
Tailors—H. Gutteridge, ■). P, Klsworth.
Typos.—W, H. Jordan.
Tllelayers—No dologates,
Telegraphers—No delegates.
Teamsters—J. Poole, Sampson, Petrle, B.
Showier, Philips,
Musicians—N» delegates.
North Shore Civio Employees—No delegates.
Butchers—B. W. Lane, A, H. Beresford,
T. Brown.
Blacksmiths—No delegate*.
Freight Handlers—I. Harbottle, W. Mannings,
Bakers—A. Myert, J. Francis.
Total, 82.
There is no sense in going around feeling seedy beeause
of poor or missing teeth and the ailments which are
caused on that account.
New Teeth Will Brace You Up
Dr. Lowe replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that im
many instances will do the work as well and look better
than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, aro reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
Opposite Woodward's Big Store
108 Hastings St. W.    (Oor. Abbott)    Phone Sey. 6444
1. PHILLIPS a CO., Agent,
Phona OHO 1228 Hamilton
Opposite Labor Templt
—Headquartera for Labor Men—
KatcB—75c and $1.00 per day.
■$2.50 per week and up.
Oaf* at Beasonanie Bates
Phone Seymour 7160
Third   Floor,   World   Building
—The only Union Shop In Vancouver-
Thoy aro the finest bit of workman-
kip Id the bicycle world; 8 different
models in variety of colors.
Prices from 142.60 to 966.00 on
easy payments if desired.
"Tho Pionoer Bicycle Storo "
616 Howe St.     412 Hastings St  W.
Ltbor Temple Press     Sey. 4490
Should be in tbe bome of
every man-
—Phone Fsirmont 2624—
Not-a-Seod Raisins,  lb  16c
Sunmaid Raisins,  2   lbs  26c
Orange and Lemon Peel, tb  86c
Shelled Almonds,   Ib „  66c
Shelled Walnuts,  lb  660
Dessecated  Cocoanut,   i& 80S
Large Prunes,   Ib  16C
Canadian Cheose,  lb  30c
Mince Meat, 2 lbs. for   260
Finest No.  1 Alberta Butter, 3   lbs.
for    96c
Alhorta Special Butter.  3   lbs. 11.46
Finest Pure lard, 2  lbs. for   66c
Slater's Tea, -lb SOo
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3268
830 OranviUe St.      Sey. 866
3214 Halo Street.    Fair. 1683
To Federationist
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment- of sulncrlji'
tlons or runewala are made.
The address label on yonr
paper carries the date to wblch
your subscription Is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monies to this
office, tbe correct change in
your label date Is not made,
notify us al uncit. Whon yun
have a kick to mako rcgantinit
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send lt to this offlce—not to
tbs other fellow. Thus yoo
will get metiers adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Ltbor Temple,
V.neourer, B. 0.
It la manufactured
tobacco in itspurest
It hns t pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically  prepared
'iSnlliL 1          Ik jffial
for man's use.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Oranvllle Street
610 Hastings Street Wost
J. Leckie Co.
wish io oxteud to thoir numerous
patrons thoir heartiest wishes
for nn Enjoyable Christmas and
n Happy anil Prosperous Now
For Sale
London, Canada.
D. J. Elmer
SaleB Manager for
British Columbia
and Yukon.
9118 Alberta St.
B. 0.
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone us day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
8ey. 404-5*6
Union Station
For sale'by
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800       1629 Main Street ■PW^I
NINTH YEAR.   No. 51
CoiSwSo")     $1-50 PER YEAR
Points on Dentistry for the Public
Synthetic Porcelain for Filling Teeth
q Ever since tbe filling of teetb became an art, dental .surgeons bave
been looking for something approaching the ideal material for that pur;
pose, and these arc the properties whicb an ideal filling material must
fl It Bhould restore tbe natural appearance and efficiency of the teeth.
It must be lasting and not subject to discoloration. It should be a nonconductor of beat and cold and it should be comparatively inexpensive
and easily inserted.
4 In nature tbere arc various mineral substances whicb in appearance
and harness resemble tooth structure. Various forms of quartz crystals,.
sucb as agate and amethyst, are such, but as thoy cannot be made plastic
tbey are useless as filling material. However, modern science bas shown
us how these stones have been formed, and it is now %bl« to produce in
plastic form almost the identical mineral compounds which so nearly re*
semble tbe enamel of teeth. It took ages and intense heat to produce
quartz crystal, but the synthetic chemistry of today transforms plastics
into stones in a few moments, and even without heat.
_ But tho .modern chemist now does better tban nature. He can build
up the compound contained in quartz, and eliminato tbe coloring matter
and impurities which made tbe first forms of silicate filling a failure.
4 This modern miracle of synthetic chemistry, so important to the
dentiBt and Mb patients, was first successfully performed by the DeTrey
Brothers of Zurich, Switzerland, who began to demonstrate and market
thiB material ten years ago in tbe United States and Canada. Although
various modifications of tbe same material promise to be ere long a successful competitor, yet the fact remains that, so far, DeTrey's synthetic
porcelain is tho nearest approach to the ideal filling material which we
nave yet had, and its frequent failures have been entirely due to incorrect manipulation on the port of tho dentist and not to the material provided.
S Eight years ago I first started using this material, and was decidedly
optical os to its value, becauso of previous failures of wbat bad been
boasted as tbo "perfect filling material." But with constant care and
repeated experience, I now bave no hesitation in stating that synthetic
porcelain t'ufils tbe conditions of tbe perfect filling material, for more
completely than any other wo bave yet-Seen.
fl    Synthetic porcelain to be continued.
Christmas Suggestions
*>       _
FOR MEN—Dressing Robes, House Coats, Mufflers, Gloves in
kid or mocha silk, wool or fur lined; Handkerchiefs, Fancy
Suspenders, Arm Bands and Garters, Umbrellas, Neckwear,
FOR BOYS—House Coats, Dressing Robes, Gloves, Handker-
chiefs, Suits and Overcoats in latest raglan and belt makes.
3M to 315 Haatinga Street West
Tel/Sey. 702
Kimonas Are Going Cheap at Saba's
Padded Silk Kimonas, Jackets and Hug-me-tights
Thu* splendid garments we are selling
%oiay at actually less than the preient
whilmlo price. Hug-we*tighti, sleeve-
lata, all shades.    Regular $1.26, 95<£
Uag'iue-tights, sleeveless, all shades,
Itegalar S1.46, 81.25
tat  ~
Hig-mo-tights, with sleeves, all Bhades,
Regular *2.25, $1.95
for  ~
Padded   Silk   Jackets,   plain.     Regular
»»•»• $2.75
Padded   Silk   Jackets,   plain.     Regular
'»• -13.75
FadcM    Silk    .tuckets,     embroidered.
Regular 95.00, tto ae
Padded    Silk    Jacket.,     embroidered.
Kojular »6.50, 85.45
Plain   Padded   Silk   flown..    Begular
Uf0' 85.45
1'laiu   Padded   Silk   Gowns.    Regular
r.r.:. 87-45
These are samples.    Al others reduced
on the Baine scale.
SABA BROS., Limited
: Compliments of the Season :
Richardson & Potts
Exclusive Hatters for Men
417 Granville Street
Near Cor. Hastings W.
C. A. ORTSDALE, Manager for B. O.
Phone Soy. 8770 for uppointiueut and we will arrange same for your
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are browed and bottled by union workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery by
*   Vancouver Breweries, Limited
A  Fusilade of   Criticism
Aimed at Hypocrisy
and Deceit
Some Speculation on the
Chance of Ignorance
Becoming Wisdom
[By Q. E. D.]
Ever since the close of the Boer war
I have been a firm believer in the doctrine of universal military training,
and in the event of war, of conscription,
not alone of men but of all the re-
Btfurces of the Empire, In short, of sequestration by the government, without
qualification, of any and all the elements within reach of its arms that
shall (ensure a successful and speedy
prosecution of the war—offensive or defensive—be it little or big.
This declaration is not made by way
of excuse for what is to follow. Neither
is it offered in extenuation of any circumstance whereby repulsion is to bo
suffered by over-zealouB literary palateB
nor as a condiment to lend relish to
a dish, the while it is being swallowed
with what glee is due the occasion by
those whom it most concerns. Ab a
confession of faith it has its merits; as
such it is tendered.
Retrospection is u pastime thot is
followed professionully mostly by those
on whom tho hoof-rasp of unkind fate
has pcrfortned to its heart's content,
and to the end that, reflection on tho
outcome of the recent election, is likely
to find little sympathy, and nono of the
response that betokens a good deed, on
either sido of the political fenco.
Of what pessimism there be in the
soul of tho workor, as ho viows the
antics of his betters, in the limited perspective now available, little fear need
be felt that his portion will seem Icbb
than he can bear, or that tho dole of
his daily bread will loom the larger
for what ho sees. Like as not, he will
take tho comfort due him, aB he took
it many times before when he stepped
from the frying-pan into the fire, and
with the samo humble gratitude, aB
now, whon he steps back Into the frying-pan and out of the fine. A poor
home—but home. For a time, at least,
he will be free of the bedizenments and
the raucous caresses of his masters, and
the moth-ball scented blandishments of
their women. Taken by and large, the
toiler Ib going to be neither better nor
worse off than he was before. He will
be henpecked at home by the Bam* old
Jezebel. He will be pecked in public
by the same old peckers, the peckers
he loves. Those of him fortunate
enough to bc drafted, will be pecked,
and probably will be pecked to death,
by tho Deutchepecker battalions awaiting him in Franco. Should any survive, then u grateful government will
ace to it that the good work of pecking is kept going full blast, until cither
the pecked or the peckers wear out.
Just oik; damned thing after another.
Tho prospect is indeed gloomy. Cold
and hunger uiitf darkness are everywhere. Even the periodical pross, to
which one should be able to turn in
times like these, for light and encouragement, seems wrapped in a pessimism
more impenetrable, more soul-scaring,
nnd more mind-destroying than any
poor old Jeremiah ovor dreamed of.
Our newspapers in particular appear to
suffer the most. Their editorials contain about as much intellectual nourishment as a last year's banana skin.
News columns aro things of the past.
The stuff and rubbish, now dished out
undor the caption of news, might be
truthf ally referred to by a term more
eloquent tban elegant. With three-
fourths of this planet in a turmoil; with
dynasties and centuries-old institutions
going to smithereens, like crockorywnre
at a hell-cats' convention, only worse;
and with side-shows of collateral significance by the score to wag their
tongues, nnd pens and ears over—
whence the pifflef
Ono hears a great deal of noise out
of the mouths of " I-told-you-so 's" in
condemnation of the "kept press."
Tho newspapers themselves, some of
thom of national importance, scorn to
delight in referring to a contemporary
as "harlot." Such terms of endearment and' affection must surely come of
no benignity other than their own necessity. The present writer, all this
clangorous evidence to the contrary notwithstanding, is fur from being convinced that prostitution of tho press is
worth while bothering ubout. No doubt
it is tiMe of the press, us it is certainly
true of everyday humdrum existence;
thc poltroon and the lickspittle, like
the poor, oro always with us. But they
carry with them, in plain sight, all the
elements needed of their own destruction.   They are innocuous.
There is much talk of censorship. No
doubt it is very strict. Nothing must
be printed that will give comfort to
tho enemy. That is a restriction which
hurts no ono, least of all the enemy.
The enemy is now, and always has been,
quite comfortable, thank you. Oar
politicians havo seen to that, and with
more than ordinary solicitude,
Thore appears to'be, vowover, an inhibition, of nnother and moro sinister
quality, than that of tho official military consorship; quietly, but nevertheless ruthlessly nt work emasculating the
functions of tho pross. As Dr. Johnson said of thc onion in his sulad, it
is "scarce Been, and yet pervades thc
wholo." Thero is a nigger in the journalistic woodpile for sure.
It does not seem to have occurred to
the press that the British workman is
worthy of exaltation or encouragement,
or that bis gigantic achievements of
the past three year/, are of any significance, other than the expression, in
terms of output, of his determination
to make quick proflt out of hit soun-
try's need, by demanding higher and
ever higher wages as this need intensifies.
Whether the press is subsidized, or in
any way is influenced by the politicians
Oome on boyi; hurrah lor tho nag;,
Don't queition our creed or oor emn
We've fooled you before and hope to once
With thli Unlonlit delailonlit brew.
A iliok-blended politic*! concoction.
With a patriotic plausible rin»,
A win-the-war hot-air joker,
With a iteal-the-eleotion sting.
Oome on boyi; hurrah for the flag.
We hope to see this thing through:
■Leave your country with the profiteers.
'Tii the patriotic thug to do;
Wear paper boote, ride sparine^ brutes,
Shoulder, a gan that juu In the breask
March and do "your bit" with this Jul
While we "junker" the job as a leeeh.
Then while you bleed for freedom
On yon far-flung battle line.
We'll bleed yonr eountry right oil left
Of every dollar, eent and dime,
Oome on boys;   keep the flag waving,
Beat the band loader and yell
For the boldest buneh of boodlers
Alive on thli aide of h—.
With our pald-for tin-pot titles,
We will joy-rids this thing through,
Till the hoi plaoe freezes over/^
And we grab the lsst sent tnd sot.
Then with ent blood-stained millions
We'll dedicate a golden ibrine
To the only god we serve sad wonhlp—
War-God Profit and hts coin.
Thli la the creed and thli the breed
Of Sir Patriotic Profiteer,
If you judge htm a worthy eltliea
Then vote hie ticket and cheer;
Not io the true-born patriot,.
Who will righteous judgment pass.
Condemn all inch pirates la dlagol
And vote death to them u a elan.
Creiton, B, 0.
or by the brewers or by the aurora bor-
ealis, matters little. What matters
much Ib the fact that, steadily and
monotonously, it has bawled its head
off to tho workers, in perfect harmony
with the deluge of oratory poured
broadcast from the pulpits, soapboxes
and othor rostrums, bidding him "speed
up," "be British, bo this, that or the
next thing that is altogether admir-
able. Noise and bunk aplenty; but
never a word referring to what has
been done or is going to be done with
nil this compressed patriotism. That
there is a certain amount of justification for this attitude few will dony.
Casting down pearls beforo swine is a
thankless job at any old time. It is,
however, a, pastime that is well worth
tho trouble of engaging in once in n
while. Tho press might take notice and
profit much by tho noticing, for, the
working man has been doing just that
very thing. True enough, he did it
unconsciously. Smnll blame to him; he
was too busy performing to the crack
of his master's whip to take much
heed of the pearls. Perhaps he may
awaken. Tho Russian peasant awoke
from Mb Bleep of centuries to tie u can
to the tail of his oppressor. Thc newspapers have carefully refrained from
philosophising on the turn of events in
Russia. Tho Bolsheviki have been adjudged traitors, cowards and perjurers
by our hysterical and terrified moulders
of publio opinion. And for whatf Thc
Czar is gone. There \* no one in Russia
for whom to fight. The Russian peasant
Ib now, today, doing something that the
free-born Briton will do well to imitate, when this Hun business Ib over
with and he recovers consciousness.
That he will recover is almost too much
to hopo for, in view of the deep and
abiding affection he has manifested,
and for so long a time, for the poverty,
hunger and dirt in which he haa lived.
Many years ago, during a protractod
and bitterly-contested striko of the
dock-laborers, tho present writer attended a meeting of these miscreants,
presided over by a prominent member
of the bur. Thero wero preRont mnny
women, among them several young and
enthusinstic "uplifters." You know—
tho kind thnt mnke fudge in their shaving-mugs. Onc of them made a speech.
And it was a very good speech, too.
The only thing wrong with it wns a
wenlth of reference to ancient Greece
and Rome. The expected applnusc was
of such a cautious, not to say timid,
quality that the sweet girl-grndunte
complained to thc distinguished occupant of thc chinr. She hnd uot been
taken ut her face value. The chairman
was quick to sympathize: "These yokels have no imagination," he whispered in her shell-like ears. Perhaps
he wob right. It is now nearly thirty
yoars since that eventful evening. Time
has dealt kindly with the remark of
tho learned gentleman. Its meaning
and force are not greatly impaired.
Fuj- from it: When ono pauses to note
the butter-fingered helplessness of the
mnn who controls his own destiny so
far ae the ballot is concerned, onc is
driven to the eonvietlon that this contemptuous reference to his frailty is
more significant than ever. There is a
faint glimmer of hope, however, thnt
mny work marvels with the yokel in
spite of himsolf. Perhaps a very shrewd
and altogether very capable American
president will seo to it thnt thc yokel
shall be brought up standing, to n full
and clear conception of his place in
Bociety. There was n heap of moaning in Woodrow Wilson _ treatment of
the threatening railwaymen a yenr or
so ngo. Maybe he had his enr to tho
ground nnd understood whnt he hoard.
His attitude and the attitude of the
American people towards the Russian
peosnntry iB of no smnll significance)
for the spirit of Abraham Lincoln is
nbrotid on Ihe earth nnd things will be
doing that angur ill for thc slave masters.
A statue of Lincoln is to be erected
111 London. It is high timo. There
wns need of one fifty years ago. The
one contemplated, in nil probability,
will ill compare with thc Nelson monument in Trafalgar Square or the Albert
Memorial wherever that'is. For Lincoln was of thc common people and nil
his* lifo ho looked tho part. Judged
by presont-day standards of culture,
and Collier 'a Weekly, Lincoln would
have seemed illiterate and uncouth
when compared with such Intellectual
giants as Asquith, Balfour nnd Churchill. These brilliant Englishmen have
their merits. They hnvo served their
country to the best of their abilities,
Bill war is not tho srnrt of Holdings.
It is n Btern business, and it is time
thnt Britain should discover a real man.
For, mark you, a nntion of n hundred
and ten millions of peoplo is nt the
throat of tho Hun out of homage, nnd
humble homage at that, to tho memory
of the RailBpllttor, to see to it thnt
"government of tho pooplo, by the people, and for thc people, shall not perish from tho earth." '
The British workman will, no doubt,
mako curious pilgrimage to gaze on thc
homely figure of the groat Americnn.
If he fnllB to make of It a shrine where
to seek and to receive inspiration to
accomplish for himself emancipation
from the thraldom of his Industrial oppression, and from IiIh hovel of poverty,
hunger and dirt; nnd the whip of his
Returned Soldiers and Trade
Unionists Must Get
Conditions at Ocean Falls
and Elsewhere Make It
OCEAN FALLS, B. C, Dec. 13.—
There are nearly 1000 workmen employed here, moat of thom Italians, Austrians and Germans, sprinkled with a
few othor foreign nationalities. A
short time ago a military recruiting officer came along and press-ganged about
100 Canadians, all there were of military age, and the places of these have
since been filled with moro of the
above-mentioned, Italians mostly. The
Canadians will likely be shipped to
Italy to be shot by Germans, while the
Italians and Germans remain here in
security. Not even returned soldiers
are given a chance to get off the charity
list in this camp. They are conspicuous
by their absence. There would be lots
of room up here for returned soldiers, if
the foreigners were given an opportunity to return to their respective countries, and it is about time tho returned
soldiors wore demanding this privilege,
Iu fact most of the camps up in this
part of tho province are working along
about tho same lines. It is high time
tho members of organized labor paid a
little attention to this sort of thing. Am
glad to not that the B. C. Foderation
of Labor has at lust decided to go into
politics. I hope it will follow up thc
good work by endeavoring to place organizers und speakers in the field, so
that tho workers will bo given a medium for assisting each other. The
Federation executive should get in
touch with thc returned soldierB, and
see what can bo dono towards, taking
united action. This would holp'a lot.
Probably something of thiB kind will be
developed at the convention whieh I
hear is to take place nt Vancouver next
month. Something very definite should
be done to look after the cripples resultant from this war, and the soldiers
hnve no one to look to but thc trade
Alberta  Government  Will
Take Over the Fund
and Finance It
The provincial government has ngreed
to finance Alberta's contribution to the
Patriotic Fund, says the Calgary Non-
Partisan. The fund will now be raised
by taxation instead of by voluntary
subscription, a much desired change.
Tho administrators of tho fund in Alberta yielded to public opinion, and
petitioned the federal authorities to
relieve them from collecting and distributing money on behalf of tho fund.
The federal authorities hnve refused,
with the result timt the province will
now accept nil the responsibility of
augmenting thc separation allowance of
soldiers' dependents. Citizens wbo
have advocated the abolition of fhe
Patriotic Fund, never suggested that
the province should undertake to raise
thc money necessary to insure an nde-
quute allowance for soldiers' dependents. The objections to tho fland were
mainly the voluutarly method of collecting money, und the distribution of
the fund. The first objection hns been
removed, the second remains. They appreciate the attitude of Premier Stewart, but do not agree that itie province
should relieve the state of doing what
wo consider to be the duly of the stnte,
to take cure of the dependents of thorns
overseas, moro so from the fnct that
the provincial avenues of taxation nre
limited. The Dominion of Canada
raised and equipped the a nay. The
Dominion should, therefore, maintain
thc army.
Premier Stewart will be confronted
with inaugurating a system of taxation
to raise this fund. Whichever system
he adopts will be subject to thnt'criticism whieh tho federal authorities WOW)
afraid of had they consented to the appeal from Alborta. Wo again reiterate
the prOMt hiethod of earing for soldiers' dependents la for the federnl
authorities to conscript wealth and Increase tho separation allowance.
As ull food, clothing, sholter, furniture, tools and other things produced
by human labor for tho satisfaction
of human needs, is practically consumed as fast ns It is produced, will somo
kindly soul endowed by the creator
with sufficient wisdom to do so, plenso
rise und explain to a much befuddled
world what really constitutes this "accumulated wealth" that wo hoar so
much about. Doea it consist morely of
figures and windf Or will it, upon close
examination, resolve itsolf into purely
n fiction of promises nnd figures, behind
which thero ia hidden the ownership
and control of the producing class (the
workors) as proporty, by tho ruling or
capitalist class f Wo await tho explanation.
The Opportunity Is Still Yours
To worn one of tbon smart-looUnf
serviceable Suits or OoMi
on display «
In time for the holiday
while   onr   attractive   "mark-down"
■ale Is (UU on.
3 - OPF-
in Serges, Velours, Oxfords, Broadcloth, Qatar
dines, etc.; in Taupe, Brown, Gmea, Porple,
Black and new Blues.
in fancy mixtures of Oreys, Browne and Olive
tones; and Wool Velours, Broadcloths aid Ba-
livias, in plain colors.
Tour choice embraces all our rental Uses,
and your chance to secure Stylish Man-tailored
Apparel at such Worth-while Prices-is oae yen
can hardly afford to miss at this particular time,
when everyone wants to,look their best.
564 Granville St.   ■_/  Opp. Drysdale's
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills canfbe saved
by having a supply of household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate me —j
or night—you can take prompt action in case of illnesi or injury. And a little attention when the first symptom develop!
often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See us.  We oarry a full line of drug* and proprietary
cines, and offer-them at the lowest pricei.
Vancouver Drug! Co.
The Original Cut Rate Dru ggists
MS Hastings Bt. W. Phones ley. IMS A 1966
7 Hastings Btreet Weit Seymou 3832
782 Qranvllle Street Seymonr 7*13
2714 OranviUe Btreet Bay. 2914 ft 17140
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 ft 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers,   game prlcea and
onr over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
Wishing You a Merry Christmas
This well-known House of Better Shoes extends the compliments oi* the season to everybody.
We are prepared to furnish about the most sensible and
practical Christmas gifts that you can think of—Christmas
Sifts that will Ik* appreciated,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
masters, thou   in   he Indeed without
Imagination—without ho*j1.
It soomi Incredible thut the British
soldier should* return from tho battle
fields of Franco rind Mesopotamia htm!
Egypt to again resume hts Qlviflan life
according to 1918, Yet thoro h much
to cause .misgiving, A two-penny rato-
hit is wt■ 11 good fur DO dnys If caught
in a roturnod Boldlor's pocket. Sev*
oral months ago, thoro wore twenty odd
discharged soldiers In tho Willshli'd
county Workhouse. My lords and
bishops, however, nro doing nicely.
Lighten the Home Labors
with the
Gift Electrical
Electric appliances will give pleasure to the
recipients every day in the year
Chafing Dishes
Curling Ironi
Disc Stores
Foot Warmeri
Hair Dryers
Violet Kay Machines
Luminous Radiators
Massage Vibrators
Milk Warmers
Sewing Machine Motors
Shaving Mugi
Tea Kettles
Travellers' Sets
Water Heaters
B. 9. Electrio Irons
Suction Cleaners
Immersion Hesters
Electric Toasters
Hot Fads
Washing Machines
Electrio Ranges
Make a note to include a visit to the
at our Carrall street salesroom.
Oarrall and Hastings
PBIDAY. December »1, 1*1T
fubliatud awry Friday moraine by tbt B. 0.
PederrtioniBt, Limited
ft. Pum. Pettlplece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 0 p.m.: Ber. T497K
BnbacripHon: $1.50 per year; In Vanconver
City, $2.00; to unions subucribing
in  a  body,  $1.00.
New Weatminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prinoe Rnpert 8. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria.- A. S. Wella, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World1
FBIDAY December 21, 1917
ALL THAT IS baneful nnd sinister
in tho life of Canada and of all
tho world, is firmly in tho saddle
for an extondod lease of life in this
Dominion.   At the oleotions on Monday
lust reaction waB
REACTION Hweepingly triumph-
RENASCENT ant; democracy was
ANDREBAPTlBEDspurned   and   ropu-
diatod; autocracy
came completely into itB own, crowned
with laurel wreaths of victory nnd welcomed' with glad acclaim by thc vast
multitude of syncophants and slaves
which constitutes it sole bulwark and
unconquerable defense, and that omini-
ous stillness in the atmosphoro which
Tho Federationist of last weok took to
be portontious of a coming storm, proved to bo only tho premonitory ovidoncc
of the approach of a poisonous and
deadly gaB cloud, the perfume and incense rifling from tho altar of ita resurrection and rebaptism. The newly-
elected' government, and all of the baneful and greedy intorosts that lurk behind it, determine its policies and shape
its course, are to bo congratulated upon
the loyalty and devotion of tho blind
and stupid host that so nobly rallied in
support of its own betrayal and crucifixion upon the cross of ruling clasa rapacity and rapine.
* *        *
Te speak of the election itself is to
inevitably bring an ineradicable bad
taate to the mouth. The War-Time
Elections Act, under which the election
waa pulled off, is the crowning achievement in political villiany. It is a good
thing that the tribunals have abolished
the human conBcionce, for by so doing,
they have ovidontly made it possible
for such an infamy to be worked upon
the electorate of thc Dominion without
doing violence to any flne sensibilities
or causing any mental stomach to retch
and gag. Without the human conscience
there can be no fine sensibilities, and
mental stomachs aro both retch and gag
proof, therofore the eternal fitness of
tho action of the tribunals in abolishing
it may be readily tfoon. Spenkers from
the platform during tho campaign, and
tha press prostitutes sinco, have gleefully boastod "that tho election act
cannot be boat." Such an open acknowledgment that tho dice hnd been
loaded or the enrds stacked, passes
without ndverse comment from the
moral, ethical and spiritual apostles and
guardians of ruling class society, although a similar brazen expose of naked j
shamclessneaa in the underworld would j
cause a wave of disgust to violently I
disturb the moral and ethical atmosphere of the ontiro tonderloin district. I
AH of which goos to show that thero is j
ne fixed moral and ethical code evon .
ameag prostitutes.
* *        *
But in spite of tho fact of tho in- j
famous election act, an infamy that |
should have called down upon tho heads
of its authors thc execrations of all
honest and otherwise decent persons,
the conspirators wero only enabled to
go through with it and fasten their sinister clutches upon the reins of powor
for another period, through tho slavish j
gullibility and dull ignorance of tine
combo* herd. Out of the thousands of
voters in Vancouver Centre, South Vancouver and1 Burrard, for instance, and
among wliich there aro fully 10,000
members of organised labor, approximately 3500 cast a ballot that could by
any stretch of the imagination be termed a protest against autocracy and its
brutal and atrocious rule and methods.
AH the rest polled for oither autocracy
raw and undefined, or for autocracy tempered and made palatable by hypocrisy.
Autocracy in tho raw won. The mandate te be followed is plain.
* *        *
The newly-olocted government is duly
authorised to go the limit in tyranny
' tad brutality. Not only is it bo authorised, but the mandate is imperative.
That government is in fact ordored to
set its "press gang" in motion at once
and round up all and sundry whom it
may wish to use and for whatever purpose it may have in view. Either the
result of tho recent election means that
of it means nothing. Such being tbo
mandate The Federatlonist proposes to
abide by it. If autocracy with nil that
U implies, is what the people nf Canndn
wait, and tho poople so decided on Monday last, this shoot is sufficiently animated by democratic ideas and is sufficiently devoted to democracy's cause,
to place no obstacle in tho way of the
Soplo enjoying to the full whatever
air own judgment has decided to be
for their own good. And to mnke it
absolutely sure that no cantankerous
aad dissatisfied element in the community may, by the propagation of radical
■•taioni and political herosy, be able to
rob them of lie privileges and liberties
that are so amply safeguarded to them,
by the beneficent autocracy and tyranny they so dearly love, and to which
they so fondly cling, tho suggestion is
respectfully tendered to tfto now government, that its very firBt act be to
declare the franchise a public niuaancc,
aad take immediate steps to abate it
for the good of thc state and tho security of domocracy and liberty to the
people thereof. For the stench that
still lingers in tho atmosphere from the
exercise of that franchiso on Mondny
last proves boyond doubt that it is a
nuisance, and a most disgusting one at
* *      m
Congratulations ure due the proud
electorate of the Dominion for the emphatic mandate given the new government to do its best, or its worst ns the
ease may be. Let tho "press gnng"
be set in motion at onco. Let tho mandate of a freo poople be obeyed. Reaction, renascont and rebaptined, wo salute thee as the people's choico! Lay
sn the lash, and damned bo ho who gags
Bt the political hash that ho so valiantly and wisoly compounded at the
ptlls on Monday last.
A GREAT many people are no doubt
imbued with thc idea that world
trade has some beneficial bearing
upon the comfort and wolfare of the
people of tho various countries and nations. They are evi-
THE FUTILITY dontly laboring un-
OF der   the    delusion
WORLD TRADE that this trade and
traffic that extends
all over tho earth, is necessary and
arises out of the impossibility of the
people of any given locality or nation
providing thomaelveB with the things
requisite for their sustenance and com'
fort, except by resorting to an *x-
change of goods and wares with the
peoplo of othor lands. So long has this
practice boen in vogue and so much
stress has beon laid upon the immense
value attached to thiB world embracing practice, that it is taken as a mat
tor of course. Once obsessed
with tho notion that we live
only by and through trade with the people of othor lands, or that any appreciable part of our living is made possiblo only through such menns, nnd it
may readily bo understood how important and significant the conservation of
such trado will become to us.
* *        *
As a matter of fact, however, prac-
ticully all of the food, clothing, shelter
and othor really nocoBsary things consumed or used by the groat mass of
tho common people of all countries, is
produced by themselves and their follows within at least the confinOB of
thoir particular nation, and even within the confines of thoir immodiate community. And a still further fact in
this connection is, that to tho extent
that the things requisite to their existence aro not produced and mado available to thom within their immediate
neighborhood, to that same extent does
thc clement of uncertainty of existence
and the danger of being anablo to ob-
tnin those necessary things at all times
whon they arc required, loom upon their
horizon. A vaBt multitude living in the
congested eity districts of this and all
other lands aro at all times confronted
with the danger of privation and evon
actual starvation, if anything should
happen to interrupt the regular flow
of food and other necessities to within
their roach. Lot the food supply of
any big city bo but intorupted for n
couple of weeks and there would bo
widespread suffering within its gates
aud unless relief came speedily there
would bo oven actual death by starvation. Then when some war or other
groat calamity occurs and disrupts nnd
disarranges the world's transportation
system for any appreciable length of
time, there will probably be a veritable
dolugo of privation and suffering overflowing wide sections of tho earth. And
then thoro is a groat cry heard from
the throats of all members of the
trading, nnd trafficking fraternity
throughout the earth calling upon
everybody to dony themselveB thc enjoyment of tho things thoy actually
need in order to enable this delectablo
trading fraternity tr tusIi supplies to
the distressed district and incidentally
fatten thoir pockets in thc doing of
* #        *
Thc fact of the mntter is that no
man livos by trado. All live by production, either wrrried on by themselves
nr by othors. Trnde is peculiarly a ruling class function oi requirement. It
is mnde necessary and possible only in
ii ruling clnss society and that only
whon the productive powers of slaves
have been developed to tho point where
a surplus of food, clothing and othor
usable things can be produced by the
slaves, over nnd nbovo the requirements
of tho individual mnsters. Trnde cannot obtain excopt within a ruling class
civilization. The cornerstone upon
which it rests and is predicted, is
Ihe plunder of slaves. It is ono of thc
ruling class means of disposing of the
products brought forth by thc slaves of
production. It bocomes a menns pf
converting tho surplus uccruing to individual masters or concerns, into do*
minion over an increased numbor of
slaves. This is commonly referred to as
an enlargement of raanoets or an in-
Tease of investhicnts.   The mad search
for added markets and new fields of
investment, only expresses thc frenzy
of modern slave masters in their search
for means and opportunity to dispose
of tho surplus woalth coming into their
hands because of tho teriffic productivity of their alaves in bringing it forth.
If this surplus cannot bc disposed of
it will become absolutely imperative
that production bo slowed down and
slaves be turned idle upon the streets.
This creatoB a situation fraught with
serious danger to thc entire regime of
slavery, and if long continued, would
result in its complcto downfall. This
is a hazard that must be avoided if
at all possible. In a constantly widening market alone lies the continuation
of the present regime of exploiting
labor and tho perpetuation of ruling
class civilization. It is only necossary
to mention, howover, that tho markets
of the world are limited and somo
time tho end of this regime must come.
Of this more anon.
Wc are in this world to provide
not for ourselves, but for others,
and that is the bnsis of economy.
—Wood row Wilson.
ECONOMICALLY speaking, thnt Is
from the standpoint of wenlth production, there uro two distinct
classos in human socioty. The ono is a
property-owning class, the other constitutes the proporty
A COMFORTING*lint is owned. Tho
PHILOSOPHY onc is thc ruling
FOR SLAVES, clnss; thc other is
tho class tbat is ruled. The ono appropriates all tho wealth
that ia created by tho labor of man;
the other is tho croator of that woalth.
The former is commonly termed the
capitalist class. Tho latter is tho
working class. The former docs not
provido for itself, nor aid in bo doing.
This is all attended to by tho latter, the
working class. Tho working class, in
ovory sense of tho world, provides for
others nnd not for itself. In this respect it fulfills the purpose for which
"we* nro in this world," according to
Mr. Wilson.
Tho pronoun "we" is a most invalu-
ablo one, especially to thoso who havo
been cither self-appointed or by accident selected to point tho path of duty
and blaze tho (rail for the guidance of
Hie wavering footsteps of those who nro
of too weak intellect to be flafo in the
hands of their own judgment as to
what is or is not good for thom. Now
it would not havo sounded well for tho
good man above quoted to havo said,
"you are in this world to do" bo and
no, but whon he said "wo," his ro-
marks no doubt called forth tumultuous
applause. If they did not, at IcaBt they
ahould.   Both slaves and masters could,
and no doubt would, vociferously ap-
provo such noblo sentiments, Just
think of it, "we are in this world to
provide not for ourselves, but for
othors." What a lofty conception of
complete and whole-souled self-abnegation.   But is it true!
* *        *
As the slaves of industry, the working class, docs all of the providing of
tho world and does it solely for others
and not for themselves, then these
slaves are the only ones in human society who are fulfilling their duty, as
laid down by tho eminent authority and
law-giver quoted. This being thus, by
what warrant outside of impudence and
usurped authority, can Mr. Wilson justify the presence of himBolf and his
class in the great Bchemo of self-abnegation 7 Or, if in his opinion, he and
his economic kin in any manner nssiBt
in the providing, would it not bo well
for hihi to elucidate the matter somewhat more explicitly, to the end that
weaker mortals may not be led astray
by sophistical gabsters and false roa-
* #        *
All jokes aside, Mr. Wilson has
enunciated the truo philosophy to bo
taught the slaves. They ore truly "in
this world to provido, not for themselves -but for others." And it is imperative thnt thoy bo kopt well pickled
with that doctrine. Woro it otherwise,
it would be bad for their masters. And
tho really Bmooth attorneys nnd apostles of the muster class, of which Mr.
Wilson \n by no means tho loast able
and noteworthy, possess a sufficiently
clenr understanding of the slave psychology to be nblc to measure tho relative value of tho pronouns "we" and
you, in dealing with tho real property
of the rulers of the earth—the human
chattels thnt do the providing.
* * #
But human reason must rebel at tho
doctrine thnt it ia the duty of the individual to provide for others instoad
of for himself. It is repugnant to all
reason. It is an insult to all common
sense. Even tho instinct of tho lower
animals would revolt at such a dispensation. It is purely the sort of dope
that must be peddled to slaves in ordor
to stupefy their intellect and choloro-
form thom into psychology amenable to
tho baso purposes of their rulers and
exploiters. It is, on the contrary, the
duty of evory individual in tho animal
world, nnd oven civilized man doeB not
yet grade very high even thore, to provide for himself and for nono other.
That this is often bost and easiest done
through mutual aid in mnny ways, does
not niter the fact in the least. He who
hns to provido for others ond not for
himself is n slave, and a slave is neither
a thing of beauty nor even n tolorablo
nuisance. A civilization baaed upon
such an execrable foundation ns human
slavery may be likened to "a house
builded upon the sand." No further
proof is needed thnn that which is now
being so bounteously afforded by the
world debacle thnt hns its storm centre
in Europe. And what tho slaves of all
countries nro there tiroviding, excopt
the actual killing of ench other, is being "provided not for themselves, but
fnr others." nnd thnso "others" are
their respective mnsters. Thoy nro indeed complying with the Wilson formula. And it surely is a most comforting
philosophy for slaves. At loaat thoy
appear to be right heartily enjoying it,
if we nre to believe the accounts given
by the eminently truthful press of our
rulers. It is a most commendable
philosophy. So long as the slaves can
be soaked and soused with it, the mnsters will "sleep well o' nights."
tho producers of wealth, it might be
worth your while to think this matter
over a little and perhaps you may find
out just what your rulers and robbers
have been putting over yoa and your
fellows all down through the ages. Of
course you will get hot under the collar, in consequence, but that will be all
right, for you will never be any good
to either yourself or yonr class until
you do get so mad that you will be
ready to join with your fellows and do
The combined debts of Australia—
war, federal, state, shire, municipal,
etc.—amount to about $4,000,000,000.
As this is equivalent to only $800 per
head and the Australian workors never
roceived anything thnt they did not
pay for in full sovcral times over, all
ddubt of the financinl soundness of the
Australian government should bo removed, and the sanity and mathematical possibility of a slave civilization established beyond successful dispute
That nations continually are sinking
deeper into debt should not be takon
as an indication of eventual bankruptcy, but as evidence of wealth accu-
lation aud increasing affluence. The
"accumulated wealth" of tho world is
measured in figures of debt. In fnct
that is the only thing that cnn bo accumulated. Everything else is consumed as fnst as it is produced. Think
it over at your leisure and sec if it is
not a fact.
The New York State Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage is to go out
of existence ns n result of tho recont
suffrage victory in that state.3 Thc
women connected with it nunounce their
intention of forming a new society "to
conduct ii vigorous campaign ngainst
socialism." It is to bo hoped thc new
society will be as successful in forfond-
ing socialism as was its predecessor in
forestalling woman suffrage.
Some one asks: "Whnt is n living
wage?" Thnt is easy. A living wage
is a sufficiently narrow pittance allowed
to a slavo to onnble the master to live
comfortably and even luxuriously upon
the surplus production taken out of the
slave's hide. As to whether the slaves
live or not is none of our business. Lot
tho S. P. C. of A. attend to his ensc.
Being a slave he has no other status
than that of an animal, anyway, Now
ask us something hard, please,
"This is a war against the peoples
of the Hun nation,'' says Wm, Howard
Taft; "we have no quarrel with the
Gorman people, We are warring against
the German government," says Wood-
row Wilson; "this is not a war for democracy," says Theodore Roosevelt;
and "thus are our minds torn and distracted in a loyal effort to choose between tho contending opinions of three
of tho most distinguished patriotic
Americans on the business of the
hour," says A. Wagg in tho Buffalo
New Age.
Prof. Leonard Whipple, of the University of Virginia, was fired by the
board of visitors for having snid in a
publie address thot "he had bought no
liborty bonds, but had contributed to
Hillquit'a campaign fl.md." Thin glorious wnr for democrncy seems to bring
to thc surface nil of tho petty meanness and other contemptible traits thnt
the human animal is capable of. Capitalist kultur is, indeed, of a very high
grade, if it is to bc judged by the intellectual vulgarity and contemptible
conduct of itB officialdom and custodians of authority.
The flag, the petticoat, and loaded
dico in tho shape of a War-Times Election Act that has anything in the lino
of political roguery that was ever previously concocted skinned a mile, carried tho election for the true-blue patriots on Monday Inst. The country iB
now safe and the wur ns good ns won.
Though patronage is to be abolished
and the profiteers are to be curbed a
plenty, it may still bo necessnry, however, to hold an occasional tug day for
the benefit of the returned soldiers, and
impecunious uriny. chaplains. Donations
of second-hand underwear will bo
thankfully received for tho former, hut-
cither cash nf yellow-legged chickens
will be required for the relief of tho
Washington, Doc. 3.—Two hundred
and six men with millionaire incomcB,
ton of them- with annual incomoB of
moro than $5,000,000 and 19(1 with in-
comos ranging from one to fivo million
—are shown in the income tax figures
of tho international revenue buroaa for
tho fiscal year 1917. The number of
persons reporting incomes between
$3000 and $4000 wns 85,122; betwoen
$4000 nnd $5000, 72,018; betwoen $5000
nnd $10,000, 150,551; between $10,000
and $15,000, 45,305; between $15,000
and $50,000, 59,311; betwoen $50,000
and $100,000, 10,452; betwoen $100,000
and $150,000, 2900; between $150,000
and $200,000, 1284, and between $200,-
000 and $1,000,000, 2238.
The abovo, clipped from the daily
press, should be good reading for the
loyal and patriotic Blaves of Uncle
Sam's empire, who aro being grabbed
by tho scruff of the neck nnd thrown
to the dogs of war in Europo, in order
that autocracy may be dethroned and
democracy of the American type como
into its own.
An insuranco publication issued by
ono of tho big companies, says: "In a
single New York county, 27,000 pooplo
died within a period of five years. No
ostato whatover was left by 23,000.
Only 1200 left estates of $300 to $1200.
Consider what this condition meant to
their families. In Allegheny county,
Pennsylvania, 89 per cent, of those
who died during a six-year period, left
no estato whatever. Is this not sufficient answer to the question, 'Do I need
to bo insured?' " It may or may not
bo sufficient answer to the question, but
it surely is sufficient renson why the
pauper workingmen of the United
States should willingly shoulder a gun
at the command of their rulers and robbers end go joyously forth to carry tho
message of American democrncy to tho
benighted heathen of central Europo.
The Fedorationist respectfully requests
Mr. Sara. Gompers to spread the glad I
tidings of grent joy us widely ns possible nmong the paupors nnd urge upon
them to loyally fulfill their patriotic
duty of devoting their lives and fortunes to the noble cause.
During the hearing by the tribunals
of tho applications for exemption of a
number of Japanese fishermen, who
hnve takon out Canadian naturalization i
papers, oae of tho military "listening:
posts' * broke the silence with a scin- <
filiation of gonius that was dazzling
in its brilliance. This "post" opined:
that it "would be a good thing to eut j
off about 1000 of the Japanese fishing
licenses on the Fraser, as with so many
fishermen at work on the river, he held
the opinion that the companies had to
outbid eaoh other to secure flsh, thus
running up the prices." The time of,
such a brilliant genius should not be I
employed by his owners in sueh a eir- j
cumscribed calling as that of "listening
post" in tho campaign of Prussian
militarism against democracy and liborty. He should be promoted to the
chair of political economy in aome
brain-embalming educational institution
of the class that rules and robs. His
brand of economics would certainly let
light into tho hitherto dark places ,of
tho human mind that have been filled
with the no doubt ridiculous notion that
the greater tho number of sellers of
any givon commodity there were offering tbeir wares in the market, the more
pronounced would be tho tendency towards lower prices,
cause the flag is the symbol of democracy, although many insidious forces
lying below the Burface of things, rear
their ugly heads at times to menace
our institutions, such aB anarchy, pre*
datory wealth, poverty, unemployment,
and injustice." That the "flag," the
commercial emblem, the trnde-mark of
the mightiest labor-skinning and trade-
marauding country on earth is the
"symbol of domocracy," is some joke,
to be sure, but—Lord Bave our last button—what are the "insidious forces"
that rear "their 'ugly heads as a
menaco to our institutions, such as
anarchy, predatory wealth, unemployment and injustico"f Name them, oh
excruciatingly funny man, please name
them, that we may remove them ere
they doBtroy our most notable and
cherished "institutions, such as anarchy, predatory wealth, poverty, unemployment and injustice."
"In order to win the war we must
flnd 1,000,000 men to take the places of
the 1,000,000 young farmers, and since
within 90 days the land in tho south-
woBt must be plowed, and by February
much of tho grain bc sown, thero is not
a minute to spare. Wo do not want to
impress alaves, but, fortunately, our
government can, if it desires, enact a
law that will enable the prosidont to
contract with China for 1,000,000 or 2,-
000,000 men to come into our western
farms and romnin thore until six months
after the war,"
This from tho mouth of Rov. Newell
Dwight Hillis, a New York parson, who
is tho spiritual mouthpiece of tho
Rockefeller typo of Christian. Tho
Fedorationist ngrocs with the reverend
one, that additional laborors will no
doubt be nooded to till tho vineyard of
tho war god to the end that hiB valiant
warriors upon tho battlefront may be
kopt supplied with food and equipmont.
This will cortuinly be true if this eminently Christian performance of wholesale slaughter and devastation is to
continue. But to bring some millions
of chinks across thousands of milos of
water involves the requisitioning of an
onormous amount of shipping, and this
iB not now available. The Federationist respectfully suggests, that the difficulty may bo partially surmounted at
leuBt, by requisitioning tho services of
all the sky pilots in tho country for agricultural service until six months aftor
the war, and it might evon be found
advisable to continue them in such service indefinitely therenftor, for all we
know to the contrary. No shipping
would be noceasary in order to bring
theso laborors unto the fiold of their
new omploymont. Not even guards
would be necessary to escort them, thoy
being all goodly and patriotic souIb,
and no doubt overwhelmingly imbued
with zoal for service in the .great causo
of the world's redemption from the sin
of autocracy, that is boing bo nobly
waged by thc righteous of tho earth.
As thore nro something like 200,000 of
theso purified souls in the United Stntes
this would constitute no moan addition
to tho working force engaged in keeping the furnace of war properly stoked
with human flesh nnd material equipmont. To this might ns well bc added
somo 200,000 lawyers and legal luminaries of the bench and a joblot of editorial pundits and flotsam and jetsnm of
tho literary world, for, like tho sky
pilots, this legal and literary trash is
nothing better than a nuisance in tho
pathway of progress und if it could bo
turned to useful purpose even to the
extont of feeding itself, tho strength of
thc useful ones of tho land would bo
that much incronsed, and so much more
could be given to tho prosecution of the
war. The only drawback to the scheme,
unfortunately, is that nono of thia spiritual, legal and literary junk is good
for anything else but weaving verbal
snaroB to ontanglo the feet of the unwary, that thoy may be cast into thc
hell broth of ruling class proflt, slaughter and rapine. Conic to think it over,
it would perhaps be bettor to import
two or three thousand Chinks after nil.
At lonBt thoy could produce something
thnt might satisfy somo legitimate and
healthful human need. To pious Brother Hillis The Federationist feels inclined to cry, heart hoar!
Herbert S. Bigelow, pastor of tho
People's Church of Cincinnati, who was
seized and tnken into rtic country and
brutally horsewhipped by some twenty
automobile loads of Cincinnati's upper
class hoodlums, docs not propose to nc-
eopt the courtesies received without
rendonng suitable returns, He has evidence in hand to show that men very
high in business nnd financinl circle's
were implicated in tho delightful nffair. Among these worthies are said tn
lie two men identified with thc public
utility corporations of Cincinnati and
also ono of the most successful of the
wnr profiteers of thnt burg, that has a
fnir sprinkling of that sort of patriot.
Mr. Bigelow ia going after somo of
theso worthy porsons and zcaloua patriots, with warrants ana some interesting disclosures are promised. Dr. Bigelow haa alao engagod a prominent firm
of Cincinnati nttorneys to prosecute
libel Buits oguinst ovory newspaper
which published the malicious fnlsehood
that was wired out of Cincinnati on the
day of tho horsewhipping, that on Sunday ho had prayed for the "repose of
the soul of the kaiser and of tho strong
mon around him.'' Dr. Bigelow's
frionds hopo that thoso auits will not
him sufficient funds to finance Mb campaign for congress for tho sent mado
vacant by the resignation of Victor
If labor produces nil exchange valuo
—and deny it who can—how can labor
bo paid for what it doest What material substance or stuff could bo utilized
for the purposo of making such payment! If you nro ono of the useful
class in human society, that is one of
Thore is no humor more sdiosplitting
and utterly demoralizing to buttons
than that which bubbles forth unconsciously from tho cerebral ponderosity
of thc editorial pundit who takofl himself seriously ns on nuthority upon
things thnt he sees without boing able
to comprehend. Down in tho United
StatOS there is a publication that is
not called the Old Age. Thia ia os
nenr na it is seemly to approach to an
absolute disclosure of identity. This
sheet Says, editorially: "One of tho
most inspiring thingB about the great
wnr, at leant as far ns tho United States
is concerned, is tho attitude of Labor.
Labor is for the flag.   And why!   Be-
[Kxtraet from   a  letter nf  Prof.  Hermann
Fernsn to a friend In Franco!
The question of tho day is: "Aro
there anywhere leaders of German democracy! Where arc the men in whoso
name German democracy can act! Will
these ever have, a majority behind
them! Must wc not doubt as to tho
democratic rebirth of Germany in viow
of the facts of the wnr which is to give
peace to a people wbo publicly know
nothing of democracy!" To this ond,
we must answer, they have had no
chance of expression.
The trend of the Gorman people is
townrda democracy. In Prussia, the
Social Democrats have now a clear majority, which will show itsolf in Landtag and Reichstag, when a fair system
of voting is established. The Germnn
people (nnd especially the Prussian)
thinks, reads nnd votes democratically.
What of tho leaders! Only wnitl Who
in February, 1017, hnd ever henrd of
Kerensky! Who outside of special circles know nnything of Tscheidso or of
Mfliuknff! I could name dozens of notable competent Germans, democrats
(and republicans) in body ond soul who
tomorrow may be lenders nf the Gorman nation, but who if thoy came forward today would bo branded as traitors to their country.
It is pressingly necessary that the
peoples of tbe Entente lan<?3 Bhould at
last give up the formula, no longer applicable, of a groat undemocratic, servile, militarized Gorman peoplo. To
cling to this is to poison the coming
peace. It is a historical fact, too little
heeded, that the democratic idea, slumbering in evory people, arises with military defeat. There might have been
no third ropubllc in France without
Sedan; no Russian republic without tho
overthrow of the Romanoffs hi 1905 and
Bring the German people to realize
this and just the same as any other
nation they will bo "ripe" for that
Bolf-govornment which cnn be tho only
guarnntoo of peace in tho Europe which
is to come.—The Public.
It is no doubt truo "that tho democratic idea, slumbering in every poople, arises with militnry defeat," but
it is nlso truo, that its very opposite
arises with equal vigor with militnry
victory. And to tho end that democrncy may rlso triumphant throughout
the earth, may the autocracy of all
lands go down in common defeat and
ruin in this bloody ruling clnss debacle
that is engulfing tho jvorld. May there
be no poaco with victory for either
side t» tho miserablo buslnoaB, but a
peace that will riso from tho common
ruin of the autocracies of both.
Leon Trotzky, whsther right or
wrong in attempting to impose his extreme views on revolutionary Bussia, is
Every Birks' Diamond is personally selected and is the very
highest grade procurable. The eiperionce of hall a oentury
has taught us that only nn unbroken standard of quality
can merit the confidenco of the buyer of Diamonds.
Whon visiting tho storo for your Christmas gifts, let us show
you our fine designs in diamond pendants and brooches. Alse
see our displays of flno gem-sot rings.
Open every night until Christmas.   Closed all day
i       Wednesday, December 26th
Henry/ Birks & Sons Limited
noithor a pro-Gorman nor an advocnto
of separato peaco, no mattor what those
superior porsons who edit American
newspapers mny say of tho man. It
may bo news to many to learn that
Trotzky is so popular with Emperor
William that a sentence of six months'
imprisonment was pronounced against
and is hanging ovei tbo head of tho
Russian, although he was not in Germany when he was placefl on "trial."
Trotzky's offonce consisted in writing
a book attacking Prussianism and tho
Kaiser whioh gained wido circulation.
Trotzky, like thousands of othor of acknowledged ability, was a product of
imperialistic tyranny and despises clnss
rulo of every naturo. He is about 40
yearB of ogo and was sentenced to Si-
bona tot agitating for domocracy when
still a boy. After the ill-fated revolution of 1905, when he served as president of a workmen's council, he waB
sent to Siberia a second time, but escaped and wont to Switzerland, whero
ho was expelled through preasuro from
tho Kaiser, meeting with tho same
treatment when he went to Vienna,
Later ho went to Paris and was ousted
at tho behest of the Czar. Then he
wont to Spain, where tho Czar's mailed
list also struck him, and he came to
the United States, remaining about
four months and returned to Russia
after tho revolution of last March.—
Tho Cleveland Citizen.
Nothing in more disgusting than the
crowing nbout liberty by slnves, as
most men aro, and thc tlippant mistaking fer freedom of somo paper pro-
nmblo liko a Declaration of Independence, or the statutory right to voto,
by those who have never dared to
think or act,—Ralph Waldo Emerson.
SUNDAY, Dee. 28—Saw Filers'
MONDAY, Dec. 24—Electrical
Workers, Amalgamated Engineers, Boiler Makers, Steam
Enginoers, U. B. Carpentors No.
617, Pattern Makers, Iron
TUESDAY, Dec. 28—Machinists
No. 777, Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26—Metal
Trades Council, Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, Dec. 27—Machinists No. 182 Shipwrights and
Caulkers, Shoot Motal Workers, Painters.
FRIDAY, Dec. 2*—United Warehousemen's Association, Shipyard Laborers, Plumbers, Pile
Drivers and Wooden Bridge-
builders, Cooks, Waiters and
The Baok of British North America
EiUbllibad la 1896
Branchea throughout  Canada  and  at
Saving ■ Department
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
J. Edward Out,     Office: Sb;. 4140
Barriitcri, Solicitor*, Conveyancer*, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vancouver Office: 616-7 Rogera Bldg.
Assets   ITS.000,000
Deposits  54,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The.
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money,
for the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Comer Hastings and Gamble Sts.
O. N. STAOBY, Manager
Oranvillo and Fender
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash lo any old corner where it la
in danger from burglars or Ire.
The Merchants Bank of Oaiada
offers yon perfeet safety for year
money, and will give you fall
banking servlee, whether yoar aeeonnt is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. 0. JOY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capitol pnld-up $ 12,911,000
Beservo Funds _   14,324,000
Total Assets  „ 287,090,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west ef Winnipeg,
Open an aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—eay, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  Ne delay ln withdrawal. m^^^m
PSIBAT. December 21, 1917
Tke Beautiful Christmas Flay
As  Inspiring as  the  Christmas
Prlcee—16c, 30c, 40c
Tba Well-Known  Composer io a
Musical World Revue
Tho Ono-Iiinn cHeo Club
la Ike   Washington   Square   Players'
Success,   ' 'Moondown*'
"ta the Scaffold" (Blanche Merrill)
A  Pantomimic Novelty
la "ne Demi Tasso Revue." Served
aad  Poured  by  Addison  Burkhart
E^ulllbriBts With a Laugh
Mattut:  lfic, 20c, 30c, 680.
(Rxeept Holiday Matinees)
EvanlBf:   16c, 30c, 40c, 66c, 80c.
Bvldantly Playlm ravorltai
Editor B, O. Federatlonist: Lieut. Eller
atated thla morning in courv that the authoritiei had deolded not to prosecute any Arm
(or retaining men who aaa not registered,
In compliance with the Military Service Aot,
in their employ, unless saia employeea were
retained for seven days or more after Nov.
10. In that case the Wm. Lyall Shipbuilding Oompany is still liable, as I was not
arrested till Nov. 20, and can prove that I
was working for them on tnat date, and if
Lieut. Eller, or anyone else, saya I was not,
then they are liars. Even if we don't count
the Sundays and Saturaay afternoons, It
still left me ln their employ seven-and-a-half
days. I can also prove that the above firm
never even asked me whether I had registered until the 18th or 14th of November,
and tf that Is not a pure case of ignoring
the proclamation of Oet. 18, to say nothing
of "the aet," then I'd like to know what
Is. I'm not "boeflng" because I have to
serve two years ln the pon, bat if the law
is to be enforced, why not do so impartially,
and perhaps then the workers will think
there la something to this bowl of "win-
Vnncouver, B. C, Dec. IB, 1917.
"An elephant workB from the age
of 12 to the age of 80 and then he has
not got much on some men."
Beet Feature Pictures
Change Monday and Thursday
15c and 20c
,      Children—Always 6c
—Continuous Perforuunce Ohriatmsa Dsy—
2:30,7 and 9     Oen. Adm. 16c and SOe
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
To the Public
After a recent conference with the
Provincial Government relative to the
Amusement Tax, we feel it is their desire and intention to bring; about conditions that will be to the best interests
of the theatrical industry and the public in general. We believe that our interests and the interests of the public
in the matter of amusement taxation
will be properly safeguarded by them.
Moving Picture
Exhibitors' Association of
British Columbia
Grim Spectre of Starvation
Sit Grinning Upon
Outer WaU
Will   Breach   Battlements
of Both Autocracies
and Democracies
That tho frightful orgy of bloodshed
which ia boing enacted on the battlo-
ilolds of Europe mny soon be ended Ib
tho dovout prayer of all right-thinking
men and womon whoso minds are capable of rising abovo the prevailing
war frenzy which eame perilously near
eliminating the last vostige of ronBon
from tho body politfa. says The Wook.
Thoy realize tho dreadful results which
must assuredly follow ita definite continuance, They appreciate the indisputable fact that tho nations at war
aro slowly, bat suroly, bleoding to
denth. That a remarkable, and in many
respects startling, change with regard
to the war is working in the public
mind must bo potent to all who follow
tho trend of public opinion. The people havo seen u great light.. Tho awful
tragedy of recont years has awakened
in them a keener and moro sound sense
of perception, and, above all, to a strong
er sense of the supreme importance of
independent thinking. ThV noisome
shrieking and bombastic utterances of
'' Win-the-Wnr'' politicians, and the
wild jingoism of an irresponsible and
perverted press aro fast losing their
potency, and have ceased to inspire
enthusiasm, producing in most people
only feelings of disgust. This change
will assuredly devolop a situation far
more serious, if those responsible for
tho conduct of tho affairs of nations
porsist in pursuing their insane policy
of blind rocklessness. Thero is excellent reason for believing that the end
of tho war may be nearer than wo
think. That it will end in a victory
for neither side is an opinion which is
rapidly growing in volume. Bofore
the defeat of ono or other group of bel-
Hgoronts can have been accomplished,
an enomy moro ruthless in his methods
and possessing a weapon infinitely moro
powerful than all the scientific deviltries of modern warfare, will havo
launched his irresistible campaign
against every nation engaged in tho
present titanic conflict. Ho is a re-
Hpecter neither of nations nor persons,
mid his name is STARVATION. The
utter futility of suggesting that the
Germanic powers alone will bo starved
into submission has been proved beyond
question. They no« cmltiol some of
the richest tracts of agricultural land
in Europo and oontiuao to acquire'oven
more. Their productive orgnnization
is probably aa nearly perfect as possible. Moreover, their food supply is
immune from destruction by naval or
military agency. They possess an abundance of lnbor in the shape of tho
millions of people they have brought
under subjection. Of courso it is almost an absolute certainty that, evon
though thoy possess so many advantages, thoy nro fast* appronching the
border-line of want. But can it be
asserted with nny degree of confidence
that thc Allies nre not in a Bimilar position! Eminent economists havo uttered grave warnings concerning tho
rapid diminution in flic world's food
supply. They have told us in torms
which leave littlo room ror doabt that
in an alarmingly short space of time
the amount of food available will have
passed below tho minimum necessary
for the sustennnco of the race. That
their warnings have not altogether fallen upon deaf oars is evidenced by the
frantic appenls by tho powers that be
to tho people, urging them to exercise
the most rigid economy. It is stated
on what appoars to be unimpeachable
authority that tho available supply of
wheat is barely sufficient to meet requirements until tho next harvest has
boen reaped. What applies to coreals
applies equally to moats and vegetables.
We are, in fact, fato to face with a
serious crisis, ono full of grave possibilities. This crisis was foreseen by
men whoso forsoight enabled them to
clearly discorn tho sisuatlon. They
rightly polntod out, and ovents have
proved conclusively tho soundness of
their reasoning, that It would bo impossible to remove so many millions
from productive omploymont without
ultimately producing a food crisis. The
duty of the people, in tho face of sueh
nn alarming prospect is as cloar ns
noonday. They must ndopt evory available moans of conserving.tho food supply nnd, abovo all, nf greatly increasing production. Evory nvnilablo aero
of land must be utilized, and tho services of overy available man must bo
enlisted in a work of sueh vital importance. This applies particularly to
Canada which possesses bo great possibilities. No man who is physically fit
can be spared for services overseas or
otherwise whon the call for production
Ib bo serious and insistent. If we, as
a nation, are to fulfil our part in the
fight against the grim spectre of want,
we cannot afford to waste energy.
Moreover, we must be prepared for
radical changcB, even to the extont of
taking over the entire resources of the
country. We cannot afford to allow
anything to continue which will endanger human life. To Bend a hundred
thousand men out of Canada at a time
when they are urgently needed at home
would be sheer insanity. The war
against universal starvation demands
their employment right hero. If our
(|union" and "win-the-war" politicians would take the trouble to sorious-
ly consider the whole situation (although it ia doubtful if the profosional
politician is capable of seriously considering anything) they would ceaBO to
bombard the populace with meaning-
leas slogans and appeals which savor
of sickly and maudlin sentiment. The
time iB not far distant when they will
find themsolvos confronted by an angry,
becauso hungry, people whoBe demands
will not bo satisfied by fulBomo patriotic platitudes or the wig-wagging of
a flag. They will want more tangible
ovidenco of thoir professed solicitude
on behalf of democracy than mere terminology. Let them be warned in
timo. The people are in no mood to
accept a stone in lieu of bread.
is tho best coffoo that in
offered on tho market. It
now comos
In Weatherproof Bags
which porfoctly keep tho
flavor and aroma until it
!b used.   Tho price iB only
40 Cents per Lb.
so Empress Coffoo it tho
ohoapost high-grade coffee
as well as the best.
If Empress Coffee Isn't
satisfactory, take lt tack
to your grocer'and get yonr
money back.
Manufacturing Co.
Homo of Puro Food Products
Succinctly Sets Forth the
Reason for the Faith
That Is in Him
The lettor below speaks for itsolf. It
contains the reasons givon by a British
Columbia miner in backing up his claim
for exomption from military aervice
upon tho grounds of conscientious objection to blood and slaughter. It is
scarcely to be presumed that tho argument adduced would make any impression either one way or another upon
any tribunal, for it is a fact authenticated by history, that all tribunals are
but the creatures of tho powor responsible for thoir creation. Their purpoBO
has always boen to carry out the wishes
of tho appointing or croating power.
Presumably the one referred to below
in no manner differs from the rest, unless it might posBibly be through some
slight vnriation either one way or tho
other in tho severity of its decisions.
It it not a matter of record that any pf
them in British Columbia have unduly
loaned in the direction of too great
mercy in dealing with the unfortunate
victims of class rulo and rapino who
liavo fallen into tho toils of the hungry
military beast. Just how the author of
tho following mado out with tho tribunal in question has not yet been disclosed to thia office. But at least his
words clearly show him to bo of the
stuff that roal men are made of.
Claim for Exemption
Hodley, B. 0., Nov. 16, 1917.
Exemption Tribunal,
l'cntlcton, B. C.
Kirs: In my claim for exomption I registered hn a conscientious objector, which I
certainly am.
For a period of six years I have boen an
active member of the Socialist Party of
Canada, an organization tbat is strictly opposed to war, conscription, and all other
things that pertain to slnvery, as tbe outcome of that thing knovn as capitalism, or
the exploitation of mon, women and children. Had thero boon no such thing as the
aforementioned, thero would save been no
war and no need to conscript any one to
tako up arms against his fellow man and
not wishing to da bo. It is hard enough to
drag through the world of industry and ea-
capo being maimed or killed, without going
to look for U, by hounding some man down
whom you have nevor seen before or had
any grievance against, at the behest of some
of theso exploiters of labor who are safely
tucked away scheming how they aro going
to skin the workingman just a little more,
out of the bare existence he already has.
I would think that the ones who ought to
go to war are the ones that reap the profits
front the workers. They are the partlea
that will be moat physically fit, bb they
aro the drones of society, who live in luxury
from the sweat and blood of the workers of
the world, whilst we have nothing to lose
—only the chains of slavery and we can't
Bhako them off by fighting the capitalists'
hattlcH while thev stay at homo away from
the smoke of the battlefields and tbe suffering
of wounded and dying men. And tbls in
a twentleb century of clvlsllation that we
are supposed to be living in.
Ton may ask, "Why don't you go and
flght for yonr king and country!" Would
lt bo possiblo for mo tt own any country!
Only a year or two ago, I had the fortuno
or misfortune, as it may be, to be in a
labor trouble on Vanconver Island, and I am
sure it will bo fresh in yonr memories as to
what transpired. What part of the country
did we get! British subjects starving on
the Btreots, striking to safoguard our lives
against some barbarous corporations, and
what happened) This self samo government
sont In soldiers with machine gunB, rifles,
bayonets and overy other piece of man-killing machinery they could get bold of, to
guard Chinese, Japanese and many of our
so-called alien enemlM of today who were
driven to work in the hell holes of Vancouver Island. And now tho tnno has
changed. Now wc are aHked as British subjects to take up arms against these so-called
alien enemies, the majority of whom are
working men tho same as myself.
You may ask "why I object!" Could
it bo possible for anyone with red blood In
his veins, after having suffered such aa
tbat, to go and take up arms against anothor
working man! Thero may bo some who
havo dono it, but not me, and I don't intend
In as far as religious denominations are
concerned, tho only religion I recognise Ib
that of the Socialist Party of Canada. There
is enough religion In It that will be sufficient
for me, or any ono elso that \s broadmindod
enough to grasp It and think for themselveB
Instead of letting others think for them.
Regarding tho minister's or parson's affirmation of my being a member of a creed
or church, I may Bay that we don't keep
such men aa thoso In our ranks. We have
had enough of that kind to carry on our
backs, without having them In the Socialist
Party. But any other tnformatton you may
require on that subject you may get from
the executive of the Socialist Party of Canada, Vancouver, B, C.
Now, I think I havo tiiwrt enough to con'
vince you of my determination againRt the
shedding of my follow workers' blood In
the interest of a bunch of plundering para-
sites who aro living a life of luxury and
ease. And it Ib left to your judgmont to
determine whether you will have an avowed
Socialist in jail or left alono in the Industry to which be belongs. I think myself
that moro profits could bo wrung out of
my hldo working In either a motal of a coal
mine than laying in jail, as I don't intend
to tako up arms against my follow man at
any price. As I believe tn the uplift of humanity and not tho degrading of it.
In all sincerity, yours for freedom,
___\ for Ubor Templa  'Phona  . WWf
Soymour  7195   (union   otborwlao   oUtod)
Boilermakers—J. H. Carmichael, Boom 312,
Labor Temple.
Bridge and  Structural Iron Workera—Boy
Maiiecir, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenten, No, fl 17—Walter
Thomaa, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, No. 2047—I. L,
Barratt, Room 208.
Eleotrleal Workera—E. H.  Morriion.   Room
207,   Phone Sey. 8510.
Cooka   and   Walters—W.   McKensle,    Boom
209, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Ruiiell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.    OBce pbone, Ser*
4704;   residence, High. 718R.
Lonnhoreraen'B     Association—Gordon     J.
Kelly, 804 Pender atreet weit; phone Sey.
I*L; A. Auxiliary—E. Winch,    480 Howo
street.    Phone  Sey.  6859.
Machinist!—D. McCallum, Room 212
Moving  Picture  Operators—S.   Hair.   Room
Musicians—E. A. Jamieson, Room 80S
Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
Pattern Makers—H. T. Nighticalei,    Room
212, Labor Temple.
Pile   Driven   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—-W.
Ironeldea,    Room  206%,  Labor Templo.
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,  Room  206%   Labor
Temple.    Phono Sey. 8611.
Sailors—W. S. Burns,  218 'Hastings atnet
west.    Pbone Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders'   Laborera—W.  Hardy,     Room
217,  Labor Temple.
Shipwrights     and    Caulkers—J.   Brorafleld,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stage  Employees—H.   Pearson,   Room   804,
Steam   and   Operating    Englneera—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Street Railway Employees—Pred. A. Hoover,
cornor   Main   and   Prior  streeta.    Phono
oxchange Sey. 6000; residence, Pair. 641R.
Teamsten—J.  P. Pool,  Room 206U
Trados and Labor Council—Victor \ Mldgley,  Room 210.
[Translation of a circular secretly dlitrlbated
in Germany]
"When will peaco comet It will
come when Germany is ready for it,
and the timo is approatmlng. It will
come whon Germany has learnt the
lesson of tho war, when it has found,
as ovory othor nation haB to learn, that
the voice of Europe cannot be defied
with impunity. The hour of peace will
strike whon Germany wiU no longer
heed thc makers of *he war, when the
militarism and chauvinism whieh kindled tho war nro shamed and despised,
whou the poople say to Emperor William, "You havo we followed, you have
we obeyed, to you we have sacrificed
tho dearest of lifo, the lives of our
soub and our husbands and our fathers,
tho ideals and beliefs of our ancestors
and our own better nature. All have
we sacrificed to you. Riches and powor
and tho kingdoms of this world have
you displayed before us and we accepted your enticements and your prom-.
The millers of ROYAL
FLOUR and other
extend to their patrons their heartiest wishes for an ENJOYABLE
We also wish to thank our customers for the loyal support giren
this company and to assure them
that the same High Quality, characteristic of all ROYAL STANDARD
Products in the past, will be as
rigidly maintained in the yeara to
Cordially yours,
Vancouver — Victoria —
New Westminster — Nanaimo
ises and what have we in return! For
them we have sacrificed our all, and
there is nothing in return but hunger
and oold and nakedness, disease and
death, ruin and destitution bas been
our harvest. Never in the hiitory of
the world has there been offer so great
and so willnigly granted. Before our
heroio deeds the armies of Napoleon
shrivel, and what have we won by itf
Two years ago the world lay at oor
feet; strangers from every land came
to our cities, and ln every land was
the industry of our merchants most
successful, our products were most in
demand. Everywhere was the German
spirit welcome. And now ever the
whole world, are we despised and hated.
On our forehead rests the curse of
Gain. Men shun us in the streets, and
our language is forbidden. Tou, we
thank that the achievements of a cen
tury of national effort have beta lost.
"We will no longer follow joa. We
demand a representative government.
We condemn ae insane a system ef government which lays all power is the
hands of one single man, who mar, Uke
you, be driven with ambition and vanity. We wish to take our plaee among
tbo free nations of the world, asd in
common with these in good friendship
tread the way of civilization and its
"Thoi and thy unworthy wa send
brave men to .death in flames, or to
be drowned under the floods of water
while you avoid the slightest danger.
Thou Bteppost in full armor before the
world as Lord of War. Indeed, war
and death for ub. Health and safety
for you. /
"Peace will come when the <
people awakens from its dream.
"Somo peoplo know so many ways
in which other peoplo cnn savo monoy
that tlicy soo no necessity of stinting
themselves in the least."
A (Ir for thoso by law protected?
Liborty's a glorious feast;
CourtB for cownrds wore erected,
Churches built to please tho priest.
—Bobort Huron.
Bankrupt Sale
Of Bourne Bros. Ltd. Bankrupt Stock, of Revelstoke, B.C.
The greatest sale in the history of Vancouver is now taking place at 319
Hastings Street West. Don't fail to attend if you care to reduce the high
cost of living.  Sale re-opens tomorrow at 10:30 a.m.
$27.50 and $30.00 Suits for mon,
Semi-Ready brand, English
worsteds, Scotch tweeds and
fine cashmere; all sizes. Bank*
pre8!'!. $14.85
Men'a Suits, $22.50 and 125.00
values, a splendid ausorttaient
of fine worsted and tweeds.
Bankrupt CIO ftE%
Salo price -tplAiOO
Fine tweed Raincoats, trench
style, guaranteed waterproof.
Beg. $18.00; all sizes. Bankrupt
price  $dtUU
$5.00 and $(1.00 Sweater Goats for
men; grey, blue and khaki.
Bankrupt Sale (O AO
price  *PoCsUO
1600 Arrow and othor   high-
grade shirts.    Beg. to $2.25;
all sizes. Bankrupt      QO
Sale prico  */OC
Men's $2.50 Sweater Coats.
Bankrupt Sale Ofl*#%
price  -2/0C
300 dozen heavy ribbed Canadian
Wool Underwear. Bankrupt
Sale QQ.
prico  t/OC
4000 Fine Christmas Ties, reg.
75c. Bankrupt OA_~
Sale price   -tm^wQ
$2.50 Fine Tweod Hats. Bankrupt Sale 7Q*»
price  f JrC
75c     President
Bankrupt Sale
50c Cord Bud Suspenders. Bank-
rupt Sale OQ*»
price avC
Men's Boots, Regal and Walk-
Over Brands; oil sizes. Beg.
$9.00   and   (10.00.   Bankrupt
price  «P*3.4«7
Hartt and Slater Boots;    all
sizes; values to $9.00. Bank*
rupt Sale
Queon Quality, Sorosls, and M*
win Burt Ladles' Boots; al
sizes; values to $10.00; Bankrupt Sale
650 pairs of extra fine quality
Boots, tho loading makes of
America; all small sizes; vain.
to $12.00. Bank- d>A QA
rapt Salo price......p.fceS/O
Sizes 2 1-2, 3 12 only.
Bourne Bros.' Bankrupt Stock of Groceries
There are hundreds of lines on sale, beginning tomorrow at 10:30 a.m., including such brands as Libby's goods in tins and glass, Heinz quality products,
Quaker brands, and many other leading makes, at prices lower than any other
store in Vancouver.   Come and save!
Libby's Asparagus Tips, regular 25c,
now     12c
Golden Wax Beans, regular 26c... 14c
Clark's Soups, now — _   8c
Canned Tomatoes, regular 20c... lie
Royal Crown Soap, now   3c
Empress Spices,  all kinds,  regular
10c, now    *k
Old Dutch Cleanser, regular 10c.   7«
St. Charles Cream, 12-oz.   9c
Kellog's Krumbles, now    7«
Bankrupt Sale
Part of the Bankrupt Stock of Bourne Bros., Ltd., of Revelstoke, B. C, ami
Other Fine Stores
319-Hastings St W.-319
Table Cutlery Makes a Most
Acceptable Christmas Gift
Oa the Fifth Floor you will find an excellent range of Flatware by the
best mnkers. All of it put in a plain package that adds nothing to the
price of tho article you are baying.
SILVER PLATE is woll worth
notice; away below in prico and
quality absolutely guaranteed.
$3.00 and   *3.26
dozen   $6.00
dozen   $6.00
dozen .
Tea Spoons—Per dozen .... $2.60
Dessert Spoons—Per dozen $400
Table Spoons—Per dozen $4.50
Deesert Forks—Per dozen 1400
Table Forks—Per dozen .. $460
TABLEWARE—A neat design,
reliably plated, at a priee you
•aanot equal in the sane quality.
TEAS—Per dosen $2.60 and $$.76
DESSERTS—Per dozen $400
TABLES—Per dozen   $480
TEAS—Dozon 86e and $1.00
DESSERTS—Dozen   $1.76
TABLES—Dozen     $2.00
TEAS—Dozen   76c, 88c, $1.00
DESSERTS—Dozon   $2.00
TABLES—Dozen   $8.26
Table—Per dozen  $8.00
Dessert—Per dozen   $2.76
SPOONS iu several patterns and
makes, te clear, dozen $2.00
1847   ROGERS'   MAKE   AND
clear   at   exactly  half  today's
CARVING SETS—About 24 only.
Te clear $2.90, $8.60 tnd $6.60
—Fifth Floor.
Teeth Are Affected by Bad Weather
Weather such as we are now having puts teeth to a severe
test. It there is any defect it is apt to develop quickly
and—suddenly—cause pain and great inconvenience.
Gjard against this by having your teoth examined. It will save
you time, trouble and discomfort.
I-Bay alias uk.n if dmi*
way;   10-y.at   gun&tooa
HxaalusUoiu   mate
pane .ppolntn.nu.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown ud Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street Weat, Cor. Seymour
oae* Clous Batty al ( ».».
TJ TTT? C sPecial
l1 U X\0 Values
Buy Now—Avoid the Rush
San Francisco Fur Co.
Itf ABOB Coffee is packed by the vacuum process, whieh
* keeps in all its fragrance, freshness and flavor.
There is no other coffee quite so good.
Last Meeting of J. Taylor's
Campaign Held At
J. H. Hawthornthwaite and
R. P. Pettipiece Speak
in His Behalf
[By Walter Head]
18.—The final meeting of the B. C. Federation of Labor's campaign was held in Nanalmo last Sunday evening. James Hodgklnson oeenpied the chair, and briefly reviewed the position of the two old party
candidates, and showtd how they were both
Joe Taylor, the candidate, then addressed
tbe meeting;, He told of the attitude of
the Vietoria Trades and Labor Council In
sending a delegate, to the win-the-war convention in Montreal ln order to keep tab
on the other fellow, and of how an attempt
was made to prevedf him from moving an
amendment to their win-the-war resolution,
whieh called for the immediate conscription
ot man-power. Amongst other thingB, his
amendment, whieh was voted down, called
for a referendum. The eonvention was, as
Taylor said, chiefly composed of politicians,
with delegates from various women's orga-
Isations thrown in. Returned soldiers were
also In attendance. The women and soldiers
were spoken of in glowing terms, but when
the committee to present the resolutions to
Ottawa, was recommended by the executive,
the women and returned soldiers were not
represented. As usual, he (the candidate)
was accused of being bought with German
money. He averred that a knock was better than a boost, as suspicion would have
been aroused had he been boosted as Sammy
Gompers is being boosted. He declared that
the War-Times Eleotlon Aet was only a
foretaste of what is to come, for the ruling,
class will pull off worse actB than that when- '
ever they flnd their power slipping away
from them. He showed how the ruling class
of the world had forgotten about the sanctity of private property, and how they never
hesitate In pulling off any rough stuff, aB
witnessed on Vancouver Island a' rew yean
ago. So It was up to tho workers to remember these things whenever their constitutional rights were taken from them, and
whenevor It becomes necessary, the worker
can always tako a leaf from iheir master's
Pettipiece Addresses Meeting
R. P. Pettipiece thon delivered a very tell'
ing address, which was listened to attentively. He Bpoke for a short time on old times
in British Columbia, and referred to the
old-time Nanalmo spirit, expressing the hope
that that spirit would be reincarnated. He
referred to the fact of the overabundance
of lawyers and said that was no doubt due
to the faot of so many people giving their
children an education in ordor to prevent
them from being skinned in industry. He
gave a little bit of political history, featuring McBride's railway polloy with his return to power with increasing majorities.
He showed how the worktra built the railroads and walked the ties. He then showed
what happened when the bubble burnt;
armiea of workers thrown on the Labor
market, and told of being one of a deputation going to Victoria asking for something
to be done for the unemployed, and of how
.. membera of the deputation *ere thrown into
_J I jail when they reported bad- to the unemployed of Vancouver. He then went on to
deal with the changes that are tiding place
la the thoughts of trades unionists, and
dwelt on a message delivered by the revered
Keir Hardie in 1912, wnen he naid great
odds had to be fought against before an efficient political Labor movement eould be
formed, and of how he almost got crucified
tot daring to put a resolution to that effect
before a Vietoria convention of the B. C.
F. of L., but he was pleased to see that the
movement was taking shape, and he realised
that he had been six years ahead of the
times. He then reviewed the actions of
statesmen in other belligerent countries, in
taking Labor into their confidence and
showed how Labor had been absolutely ignored by Borden who was Interviewed by
representatives of organised Labor when in
Vanconver, and promised that before he attempted to consider cotinerrptlon, he would
consult organised Labor. He then told of
Borden's trip to London, and the Inauguration of conscription upon his return, with
his broken promise to Labor. Some of Bor-
den's tactics, In an attempt to win the election, were then enumerated, suoh as handing out a slush fund of toao.ooo to advertise victory bonds, recruiting officers at
♦12 a day, an army of enumerators, and
ceorcion of soldiers' wives by threats of stoppage of Patriotic Fund, etc. He quoted Lord
Northollffe's statement at ■ conference in
the United States, when ne said that tho imperative need of the Allies was not men, but
food and ships, "Then," saia the speaker,
"why not tako hla lordship's advice; conscript his land in the northwest; send for
some gang ploughs, break up the land, and
grow foodstuffs for the Allies; keep the men
at home to build ships to carry it. Let us
conscript the C, P. K. and a few other big
corporations. The C. P. II. made $86,000,-
000 clear proflt last yenr, so why not conscript these big corporations instead of floating victory loans!" He then dwelt on the
birth of the new alignment of political parties and aaid that the political parties of
the future will be a fusion of the old parties
on the one hand, and Labor on the other.
If Borden managed to steal the election, lt
would undoubtedly lead to trouble.
OU Warrior at It Again
J, H. Hawthornthwalte was the next speaker, and be opened by saying that the bourgeois press had been at is usual tactics of
misrepresenting him,. and he did not think
it necessary to correct them through the
press, as he eould alwaya do it in a public
meeting, He gave a short talk on socialist
principles, and dwelt upon the fact of the
refusal of statesmen (I) io discuss working-
class problems, He said that the teaching
of the dais struggle was or paramount importance, for If the workera were all class-
conscious, they would always vote for their
elasa (Where will the class struggle be when
tbe  most  intelligent workers  are  conscript-
...December 21, WlY
More Elections To Be Held
■X***** ****** ****** ******
Both Probably Next Month
Well, now that tic federal election is
over, thia old town might juat aa well
got roady for another—two more, in
fact. Next coining up—if the Brewster
government hnan't lost its nerve again
—ia tho provincial bye-election disputes. After that there will bo the annual scrap for the civic honors within
tho gift of tho people of Vancouver.
In the provincial elections the gov-
eminent candidates will be opposed in
all four of tho ridings where bye-elections aro nocessary. These are Vancouver, for the vacancy caused by tho
death of Ealph Smith, tho llnnnce minister; Port Alborni, in which Promier
Browstor was the successful enndidate,
nnd also successful in Victoria; Ladysmith, which has beon unrepresented
owing to Parker Williams having accepted a placo on tho Workmen's Compensation board; Siniilkamoejij short of
its representative iu tho provincial
legislature by roason of L. W. Shntford hnving been appointed to tho
Judging by what is hoard, tho government is going to be bumpod somewhere,
for it has fniled to bring on those byo*
elections in tho faco of an insistent demand. The ilrst excuse for delaying
them was "thoy wanted to wait for the
operation of woman suffrage" That
date rolled round and when it was figured out it was found the women were
not so sweet on the Brewster govern
ment as somo exported. So the bye-elections woro put off some more to wait
for othor hopeful signs. Thon tho federal elections loomed op, and the bye-
elections had to wait again. ■
The premier has made a promise to
have the byo-olections beforo the next
sitting of the legislature—called for tho
latter pnrt of January. This, however,
is no assurance thc Tjyc-eleotions will
not bo put off again. TJio premier hns
mado promjses bofore, nnd hnsn't kept
t Then tho civic election will bo held
in January. It gives promise of being
onc of the hottest campaigns aeon in
any civic election in this city. Mayor
Malcolmn McBenth wants tho job for a
third term, und hus boen working hard
to lino up various elements in hiB favor.
Ho is having a hard job, for he hasn't
made good by a long ways. Alderman
Gale is ambitious to oppose McBeath.
It is reported, too, that C. E. TiBdall,
who was defeated in the laBt provincial,
can't get used to private life any moro,
and desires to get in tho popular limelight again.
t There is one comfort in civle elections. They are not fought on party
lines, and tho flag-waving is absent.
The big interests wavo tho flag principally to cover up their public robberies,
but in civic affairs there isa 't so much
for the big follows to go after, so bb a
general thing they let tho smaller fry
flght out the disputes at home.
Two Senators To Be Named
******      ******      ******      ******
And Many Are The Hopeful
Electric Reading Lamps
at $10.75 to $19.75
Useful and attractive Gift suggestions—A big variety to choose
from, suitablo for library, don
and drawing room.
Prices $10.75, (12.46, $16.76,
$17.50 and   *1».76
Fancy China for Gifts
—Something overy women appreciates — an assortment to
choose frota that includes Ooal-
port, Boyal Crown Derby, Ifln-
ton, Cauldon, Doulton .and maty
other famous potteries, '
Cups and Saucors, at 1.66 to $6.60
Plates at $1.16; $2.00 up to $7.60
Bon Bon Dishes, at $2.60, $3.60
t0   $$.M
Salad Bowls, Bose Bowls, Taa-
pots, Sugar and Creams, ete.
—Third Plow.
i—/ ggg— «»s»TtasM,ggIT^iMHM,.llf.,.    e*(*mi)
Granville and Georgia Streets
i "Ahem.!" from J. H. Senkler, as
I ruminates thusly: "Woll, I've dono my
, littlo bit. I was chairman at several
i meetings, was damned right and loft
by other Liberals who held to thoir old
principles; I fell for the 'Unionist'
buncombe; I changed my stripes.
"Now, what dq I got for it nil?"
Yes, what is Harry to get. Is there
any reason why ho shouldn't get one of
the vacant senatorshipsf Ho gave the
Tories good support and perhaps felt
quite at home among them for a man
that changos so easily probably was
meant to bo a Tory from tho beginning
but got on tho wrong track early in
Howover, if Senkler was the only aspirant for the life of a senator, a life
of ease and indolence, he might get it
without question. But old-time Tories
will ask why Senkler should receive any
extraordinary recognition, being now in,
thc ranks of Toryism and being to all
intents   and   purposes   a   "convert,")
Why should he participate in anything
in the way of gifts to thc faithful before he has gon-e through the probation
If Senkler cannot land one of the
sonutorships, why not a judgeship? Ho
is a lawyer of a sort. A lot of excellent judgeB were not especially good
lawyers, and vice vfirsn.
But, again, thero were any number of
lawyers in tho Tory ranks who worked
hard and are tried and trusted in Tory-
ism. Thoy, naturally, will expect to get I
any favors that nre around loose and '
will resent thom being given to n now-
cornor in the ranks.
And there's Monty Woods and McTaggart and .Toe Ellis and a few other
lawyers and erstwhile Liberals, who
walked into the Tory cage with Senk
ler. They ull think they are entitled to
us much reward.as Senkler.
However, it is a sufc guess that tho
old gang will hog whatever swag there
Good News!    Good News!
Mr. Workingman: Have you joined the Co-Op.f   Get in at once; eat
down your living cost—direet from the producer, In addition to oar lew
prices of groceries asd produce, we pay a dividend to our member! U-'
proportion to their purchases.   Oae $5*share entitles you to all ben-Mats.
If you cannot put down $5, put down $1, and let your dividends oar the
van.       /!«*   «i--i-J    --'
rest.   Get started and save money.
Cut out your middlemen.
your dividends pay tke
Co-operation le the only system
Fresh-killed Chickens, lb... 30c     Large B. O. New-laid Eggs, doz... 76c
Order Your Christmas Turkeys and Geese Now.
We sell these at wholesale prices only to the consumer.   Limited supply.
The Producers' and Consumers'
Co-operative Society
The Sign
Lard        Butter
Ham'        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality 4 COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
[Br Henld Hanson In Dally 0*11]
John P. White, president ol th* United
Wae Worken, reilgned to assume Ua dutlei
_  advisor to Dr. H. A. Garfield, national
fuel administrator.
How ardent Mr. Whit* take* Us new
job Is seen by the laet tkat Garfleld took
away from the eoal miners their right to
itrlke. A recent decree ol th* government
applies a penalty ol tl.oo a day npon
miners who declined to work. Representatives ot cosl miners In Kansas, Misourl,
telling him that the miners wero opposed to
the government's order, and that they Insist*
ed upon the right to adjust thslr own work*
log conditions, Garfield aald that war our*
genoy came ahead ol any "personal f**l*
fogs," and that tbe government would insist
thut the miners keep at their work. "I
stand absolutely firm ln this matter," Garfleld said. "The penalty clause la just as
a war measure and must stand." Th* "So*
olal Revolution" makes the following re*
marks to the attitude of the minora to dis-
regard the order and to go on strike:
The widespread strike ol the ooal minus
ol Indiana and Illinois without the sanction
ol the officials of their union, or rather in
spite ol the vehement protest ol thslr onY
ofals, turnlshes an interesting objeot *
 labor unionism  '
in war
to the  student
At a conference of representatives of th*
governmont and the high officials of
miners' union held in Washington aom*
weeks ago a conditional Increase oi wans
wss granted to the miners, the condition being, on the part of tbe operators who war*
also a party to the conference, that th* In*
crease should be added to the already as*
orbitant price of ooal.
The miners wsited long and patiently for
some definite word as to whsn tt* increase
was to~tsko effect, and finally ln sheer den-
peratlon, being allowed to work only hnlf
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes
Aa in old-time resident of Burnaby bt knows Talon ud erar» lncb
ot Uu dlitrlet.
Agent Equitable Fire and Marine Insurnnce Company
■Ml EataU, Conwraneln*.   Inaoiance,   Ayytttter,  Batatas  attaint
__*_ **' *«_ ■•■■■■••*■■■■■■*• Bittan ia Burnaby.   Oood boya for eatb. In
lota, boom and aereage.   All eloie to ear lino,
Phona OoiStX
P.O. Box 7
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce! a Fine Creamy Latter
tnd Doea Mot Dry on tba Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manuf fictnred In British Columbia
ed and the rest mado slaves under industrial
conscription I) Uu said thnt the fact that
the powors thst be are grafting iu no concern of the workers, as it is only the surplus value that forms thu piece tie resistance.
The worker Is robbed on the job, He declared that conscription waa only on election dodge; ssld he was in favor of conscription ot wealth, etc., and said that if
we were living under a truo democracy,
any man who refused to flgot would be
conscripted; he claimed that Russia Is at
prosent enjoying sucb democracy, and
Uermany should be prevented from forcing
an autocracy upon her. At the time ot
writing this article, the results of the election sre coming in and there is no doubt that
Uorden has managed to steal the election,
so wo must accept another defeat at tho
hands of our class, and lot its hopo that
those of our cluss who voted for what they
didn't want, will get it; and those who voted
for what they did want will havo the courage lo take it at the first opportunity. We
must not wattle our timo in repining, but
buckle ono our armor anil prepare for the
next election. An instance of Borden's political manipulation wqk brought to my notice on election day by a mun who has three
brothers nt the front. He told me of a ease
in Nnmiiiiin nf one of the eunsorvntlvu stalwarts who went overseas, hut hus never
smolk'd powder Miloke, arid there are eleven
viites In Niiimimcj hy virtue of that fact,
while tbe other man who has three brothers
In the trenches lias only one vote. His wife
ban not  even  got one.
Tho fuel controller Is getting busy (I)
these days. He wus doing some investigation in Iho price pnid by consumers of coal,
a few days ago, in a city not a million tnilos
from a coal-mine, and ho let fall the follow*
Ing goms; "Tho system of mlno operation
on Vancouver Island Is fifty years behind
tho times," and the reason was "tho opposition of the minors' organisation to tho
Installation of up-to-dato methods." When
asked nbout the delay In flliing orders at
tbe mine hunkers, ho said that "tho miners
took holidays at Hiich unexpected times that
the mlno mnnngcinont could not provido for
such conllngcucies," Now, what qualifications does Mr. Thomson possesH to fit him
for tbo position of fuel controller I I understand thnt ho is a contractor. He might Tip
wnshorwoiiinn nnd show* more intelligence
In dealing with mining problems. It Is
peculiar that ho did not make nny inquiries
nmongHt members nf organized Labor. If
Mr. Thomson sees this, I'll make n proposition to him;. If he gives me threo guesses,
tell him the name of the gentleman who
gave bim his information, and ench of tho
guesses will bo a mine ufflclnl. It is high
time that this question was investigated in
nn Intelligent manner, with retailors, coal
operators, organised mlno workers and con-
liners face to face, and let the game go
on until tbe blame Is placed where It rightfully belongs. Judging Trom the actions of
the food controller, In telling us tu oat lens,
and tho mental gytnnasMoi of iho fuel controller, one Is forced to tho conclusion thnt
It Is high Mm'' that n  "fool controller" was
appointed,    if tl  will permit,  I  Intend to
try to get an open letter to Mr. Nfcol Thomson published In the daily press, and I horo-
hy notify him Unit if he wants any dealings
wlib me, snld dealings must bo In public,
Without any star-chamber methods, as I
wns hlnckllhled for 18 months once.
The supreme court of the United States
has at. last done itself proud. Under the
circumstances it becomes Increasingly difficult
to conceal contempt for the court. Ih the
open shop decision, rendered Monday ol thla
week, It has virtually outlawed tho labor
Ostensibly the unions are still legal, but
the right to strike, on which their success
depends, Is removed. Howt Well, it Is
this way: If you strike you are Interfering
with established contractual relations In the
field of industry; which, saya the court, is
Illegal, and amenable to correction through
tlie courts, Any timo au employee Is requested to join a union it is represented to
him that he can better his conditions by refusing (along with the uilier members of
tho union) to sell hts lubor power at the
established wage. This, says the supreme
court; is interference with the contractual
relations existing in the industry, and illegal.
We are no longer ln doubt that the United
States is progressing, We have now reached
the point wblch England attained early In
the nineteenth century. Labor organizations
i hat try to do anything more than gather
their membership together for a pleasant evening darning socks are violating the sacred
contract. Mr. Oompers, with characteristic
onerpv, denounces tho decision by saying that
it makes our .Messrs, Mitchell and Wilson
(W. fi., not W.) to bo low violators. If
the decision stands, what greater pride could
ono have than in being declared a law-breaker, and malefactor for encouraging worken
to fight the open-shop system, and break
every contract evor entered Into by a laborer
to tbe detriment of himself and the benefit
of the master.
Yes, wo are now well along In the revolution. At one time I thought tho cataclysmic
theory to be all bunk, but I seo that, with
the benevolent assistance of the United
tl-'ites courts we will be more likely to have
a cataclysmic revolution than a peaceable and
sensible ovolution to industrial democracy.
The question now is: What wtll tho A. F.
of L, dot.--Jaze, ln Seattle Call.
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board; President, Jas. H. MoVety; vice-
president , J. Hubble; general secretary,
Victor R. Midgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
sergeant-at-arms, Geo. Harrison; trustees,
J. H. MoVety. 0. J, Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J. Crawford.
Meeta second Monday In the montb. President,   Geo.  Hartley;   aeeretary,  R.  H.  Neelands,  P.O. Box 00.
flrst Bunday ot eaeh month, Labor Tempi*.
Pnaldent, John Martin; flnanelnl eeerttnry.
J. Smith. 610 Holden Bldg., Bos 414, Phona
Sey. 2078; recording eeentary, Wn. Mattf*
shew, P.O. Boi 484, Vancouver, B. O.
tlonal Union of America, Loeal Ma. ISO-
Meets aeoond and fonrth Taeadaya U tha
month, Room 306, Lnbor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; eecretary. B. H. Grant, 1071
Alberni atreet.
Meets seeond and fonrth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, Chas. P. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W, 8. Dagnall, Box
68; flnanclal aeeretary, W. J. Pipes.
No. 017—Meets every seoond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley; flnanolal secretary,
G. Thom; recording secretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 7496,
Twenty-first avenue cast, Phono Pair. 716ft;
financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson street, Phone Sey. 6070. Office, Room
218, Labor Temple.
Meets last Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m.. President W. S. Armstnng; vice-
president, R. Q, Marshall; secretary treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O, Box 66.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, S p.m. President, P. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Bnite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenue west,
time ud unable to meet tha high cost of
everything, they want ont on atrlke. Fran*
tically, the officials of thalr union, from th*
highest to the lowest, shrieked ttat the strlk*
waa "Irregular" and that the mln*n mnst
go back to work at the old wagea. In vain
did they protest tbat they oould not few
food for their families nor aend their ohlldren to school for the want of clothe*. All
suoh appeals to their officials fell npon d**f
ean. They moat aubmit at thla tin*, ma
If their families wen on the verge of starvation. Tho operaton and their own union
officials wore all ln combanlatlon againat
them—and all stowing away tbn* biff fat
meals a day.
Meanwhile the thieving operaton war*
charging robber rates lor coal, literally aand*
bagging helpless consumers across at their
Tha atrike of theae brave mlnen on tbelr
own initiative with everything against them,
including their own high-salaried officials, Is
a oloar case ol lions led by asses.
"*und Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194— Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A, Campbell, 220 Second streot; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe street; business
agent, J. H. Carmlobael, Roomi 812, Labor
Operating Englneen, Local No. 620—
Meeta every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, P. L. Hunt; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 810, Labor Temple.
Phone Bey. 7406.
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
487 Gore avenue.   Russell Kearley, business
—MeeU ln Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p-m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1168 Powell atreet; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial secretary and bualneaa ngent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 807 Labor Tempi*.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Looal 8862—Office and hall, 104
Pender street east.    Meeta every Thursday.
8 p.m.   Secretary-treasurer,    F. Chapman;
busincsc agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
(Marino Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers), Headquarters, 486 Howe street.
MeetB first and third* Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, B, Winch.
and fourth Thursdaya at 8 p.m. President,
Wm. Small; reeordlng secretary, J, Brooks:
financial aeeretary, J. H, McVety, Room 811
Labor Temple.   Seymour 7486.
In annual oonvention In January. Sxeon*
tlv* offleen, 1917-18: Pnsldent, 3. Nartor,
Box 416, Cumberland: vioe-presldeuu—Vancouver: Jaa. H. MeVety, V. R. Mlflgley,
Labor Tempi*. Victoria: J. Taylor, Box
1816. Vancouver Island: W. Head, Sooth
Wellington. Prince Rnpert: W. X. Thompson, Box 604, New Westminster: W. Tates,
906 London stnet. Kootenay Dlstriot t A.
Goodwin, Box 26, Trail. Orowa Naat Vol*
ley: W. B, Phillips, 176 McPhenen avenue.
SeanUry-tneium: A. 8. Walls, Box 1686,
Victoria, B. 0.
Council—MeeU* flnt and third Wednesdaya, Labor Hall, 1434 Government street,
at 8 p.m. Pnsldent, E. Christopher, Box
S87; vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1878
Denman atreet; secretary, B. Simmons, Box
808, Victoria, B. 0.	
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 286—Meals
at K. of P. hall, North Park stmt, on
the second and fourth Thundaya af eaoh
month. Prosldent, E. Orr; secretar-, W.
E. Bryan, 2642 ScoU street, Viotorla, B. C.
of Amorica, Local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary, P. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Council—Meets second and fourth Toes*
daya of each montb, In Carpenters' hall.
President, S. D, Macdonald; secreUry, W, E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B, (U
LOCAL UNION, NO. 878, U. M. W. *f A.—
Meets seoond and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
montb, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording seoretary, James Bateman;
financial soontary, W. Macdonald; treasur*
er, J. H. Richardson.
Jolnen, Local No, 286—MeeU In Mlnen'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. Preal-
dent, B. Bell; secretary, Fnd OamnaB, ». 0.
Drawer 8., Trail, B. 0,
ton' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. 8. E.
ft M. P. M. 0.—MeeU flnt Sanday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Templo. Presldsnt,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
flnanclal and corresponding secreUry, 0. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 846.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
<U Hastlngi Btrsat Wait
Refined Service
One Block weit of Court Hous*.
Uie of Modern Chnpel ud
Funeral Parlors free to nil
Telephone Seymour 8485
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple, Pnsldent, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant street; flnanolal sscretary, J, Lyons, 1848 Venablea street;
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point Orey road.   Phono Bayview 287BL.
No. 188—MeeU seeond and fonrth Thnn-
days of eaeh month, Room 808, Labor
Temple, ' President, H. Pink f vice-president,
D. Hughes; flnanolal saentary, G. H. Was*
ton; recording secreUry, D, Lemon, Room
808, Labor Temple,
MeeU ln Labor Temple evert flnt and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1088 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Melville
Itnet,    Pbone 8ey. B84BB.
—Meets second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple,   Pnsldent, C.
Soams; recording secretary; W. Hardy, 445
Twenty-third street west, North Vancouver;
flnanclal secretary, 8. Phelps.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 181—Meets
Labor Temple, seeond and fonrth Wednesdaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice*
Knsldent, E. 8. Cleveland; ncording seen*-
try ,A. V. Lofting, 8581 Trinity atnet.
Phone High. 108R; flnanolal sawatery and
business agent. Fnd. A. Hoover. 8409 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Mala sf
Ameriia, Lou) No. 178—Meetings hrM
flnt Monday In .ash month. 8 pjn" Presl-
dent, J. T. Ellsworth; vlM-pnsidtnt, W.
Lanon; neordlng eeentary, W. W. Hocken.
Box 808; flnanolal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Bn 608,
fmn' Union, Looal No. 888—MeeU every
Wednesday at 8 pM.     Praaldant.    J. H.
McVety: business agent, J. F. Pool*,   410
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and In a portion of the Pnvlnce af British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a further term
of 21 yean at an annual rental of 11 an
aon. Not mon tban 8,580 acres will bo
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must bs mado by
tbe applicant in penon to the Agent or Sub*
Agent of the dlstriot In which the HgfaU ap*
plied for are situated.
In surveyed territory tbe land must be dea*
orlbed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and In unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be sUked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application mnst be accompanied by
a fee of IS which will be nfnnded U the
rlghu applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A nyalty shall be paid oo tho
merchantable output of th* mln* at the rata
of five cents per ton.
The penon operating th* mlno shall for*
nlsh tho Agent with sworn returns accounting
lor th* full Quantity ol merchantable coal
mined and pay tb* nyalty thereon It tbe
eoal mining rights an not helng operated,
suoh returns should bs furnished at lealt
once a  year.
The lease will Include the ooal mining
rlghta only, rescinded by Cbap, 27 ef 45
Qeorge V. assented to 12th June, 1814.
For full Information application should be
made to the Sscretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.—88575.
*K5h Of America  rG_r
topwiiHT miii BBJjflaiCaffiSgtj
|U. or Porlw, h . IMr-.nl.. that it I," Onion mamtmt^m
FBIDAT December 21, 1917
"Wo Aim to Please"
All That the Name Implies
Good Eats
Have Your Dinner at Vancouver's Leading Cafe
Cotillion Hall
Phone Seymour 101
Class for Beginners Monday and Thursday Evenings
: Private Lesions by Appointment :
W. X. FINN, Instructor      * Lady Asdstaats
Social Dances Given.
LetUsBook Your Order
for coal today. Thea that will
ba a necessary thing out of the
way. You will find our eoal the
beat you ever died. Clean, frea*
burning and full weight, Th*
beat eoal to bo had at ordinary
Ice snd Cosl
Phone Seymour 4488
Prompt Mlnry ta all parti tf Oftj
Great Xmas Clearance
of All Millinery
Every Hat in this store groat.
ly reduced; also Veilings and
Hats from $1.00
up to $7.50
Oar Christmas Novelties are
extremely pretty and practical
—at most moderate prices.
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
Sellers & Davis
Hat Manufacturers
(Between Hastings and Cordova Streets)
Mundy, Rowland
/        & Company
Federationist Advertisers'
Holiday Greetings to Members of Organized Labor
^r**—"» Hotel Bristol
ROOMS—Hot and Cold Water, and
Tolephono in Eaoh Boom
Rates Moderate
Bodega Hotel
"Everything Neat aud Clean — Rooms by Day, Woek or Month
THOS. TAYLOR, Proprietor
The Federationist Is on sals In
Vincouver at tho following new!
stands I
134 Hastings Streot East
Foot Granville Street
Corner Eastings and Colombia
432  Richards  Street
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
Pocket Billiard
(KrunswIck-UaU-o Cullender Co.)
—Headquartera for Union Man—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Oliara   and
0nl7 White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
i»B (dljnatmaa Unt
mas morning when I
awake,     and
Bleep-dart (torn
my eyes I shake, I
we   a   sight  that
makes me start and
causes thumpings in my
heart!   A Christmas tree—
oh,  pretty  sight—with candles,   hells   and   balls, alight.
With horns and dolls and sugar
plums, and skates and trains and
heating drums.   And oh, lt is a won-
der-ttee, with heaps ot things for me
to seel     Rare gifts hang upon
the side, which tlnsled fairies
cannot   hide.    A   soldier-
doll,   a   doll   souse,
too,   and   strings
of       gold
come   to  my
view,   and
as I  look  I
seem    to
hear   sweet
O hrlstmas
music      soft
and clear.
A Merry Christmas lt seems to say.
A merry, happy, holy dayi
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop*
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering,  plcot edging, pleat*
na[l.l<klii,f,    ltilll*f Ills,    pit...    cueing.
lag, rucking, embroidery, hemming,
SIS OranviUe St. lSie Douglas It.
Phona Soy. S191 Phone  1160
What is more pleasant than a
cheery word on Clrtetmes Dayi The
telephone enables yoa to eitend beet
wishee to all your friends. The tele-
prone gives to the message a per-
sonal sentiment that la appreciated.
Telephoning to yoar frlonda ie tha
samo as a visit. Tou need not trouble
about tbe distance—tho telephone will
carry your voice-tones anywhere.
Transmit your mossago personally
on Christmas.
Repairs for AU Stores
Ranges aad Furnaces    /
Plumbing and Oaa Fitting
Coils and Oonaeattana
Brick Sat
French Baagas
Steam Tables
W. A. QUEST, Prop.
New and Second-hand Stoves
Bought, Sold and Exchanged
(Opposite Woodward's)
Cigars—Special Christmas Packages, Packed m
and 36 in a Box   : :   Prices Reasonable
Step ia the New Tear in a lloPherson-mado Slit. Taa
will bo fashionably and comfortably dressed, aad will
look both happy and prosperous.
Wc employ Union Tailors, who are skilful and eoaaaiaa*
tious, and our cloths are of the best woven ia ths British
McPherson the Tailor
528 Hastings Street West
(Opposite Sponcor'B)
Phone Seymour 6844
S. MoPhorion, 8r. Bum. A. Mcl'hersea
T. B. HILL, 117 Hastings St. E.
Buy Your Christmas Present from Ui for the Gentleman
We suggest a Sweater, Suspender Set, Fane;
Arm-Bands, Necktie (the most carefully selected
stock in the city), Handkerchief Box (half-doses)
and any other article a man wears (except boots).
A full assortment of Boys' Clothing at money-
saving prices.
Capital »15,000,000        Rest 313,500,000
A savings account will assist you in the patriotic and personal duty of conserving your finances. This Bank allows
interest at current rates, and welcomes small as well as large
acoounts. PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY. .December «, IM
Christmas Gifts
You could not make a more practical gift than a
Suit or Overcoat.
Any garment purchased will be exchanged or taken
back after Christmas.
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 Granville St Agents for Burberry Coats
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one rear's subscription to Tht B.
0. Federatlonltt, will be mailed to Any ad'
dress In Canada for $10. (Oood anjwhen
outside of Vanconter city.) Order ttfn to-
day.   Remit when sold.
You can get all the benefits of CO-OPERATION
for s $10 investment
The Emporium Co., Limited
614 Bower Bldg. 543 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3223 Vancouver, B. C.
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
Tha merit aad real worth of
this jmblieatlon la ahem br tha
fact that tinea It waa Iratl oa
HoTombar, 1016, triors for thot-
aaada af ooplea haft bota ro*
tsiimrn from all porta af tha world
aad additional trdtra ara oomlng
I* hr OTtrj mall.
Ia a clear-cut aad aoaetta style
-thla aoohlet goes thomfhlr lata
tha (BOttloB of tho teoaomie poll*
tioa of capltaliat loelely aad tha
position of tha working elatstt la
reUtioa tt it.
Tht troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and tha worker ara dealt with la
a manner whloh solves in plain
and forceful logic many points oa
of today la often
whieh tht worher
"at tea" when
meeting   arga*
Packless of 100 coplss or
moro, 6 ctntt por copy (car-
rlaga paid).
Single copies, or In any number np to 100 copies, 10 ctntt
escb (postpaid).
—the noted writer un wage workers'
problems who ban given tbe last ward on
thla subject ln "Tbo Oenesls and Evolution of Slavery."
Many labor organiiatlone are now sending  "repeat"  orders for quantities of
thla  booklet, their (Irst ordors  having been readily dispose*  of by sale or distribution,    TheBe advices state tbat tbe booklet is eagerly sought and read with
keen Interest by their members.
Address all orders to
The B.C Federationist
Tho B. 0. Federation of Labor is still In need of funds to cover expenses, both In connection with tho political campaign just closed and also to prepare for by-elections in B, 0. in
tho near future. For tbls reason Tbe Federatlonist has decided to re-open lte Campaign
Fund aad appeals to all thu workera who eaa to "do their bit" by giving all they ean towards this important fund. Cut ont the above; ill In yonr name and address and tho
amosat yoa are willing lo contribute to the campaign hnd of the B. 0. Federation of Labor,
•nd forward with enclosure to B. Farm. Patvpioeo, Lahor Tamplo, Vanooavar, B, 0, Tht
amssats will be aeknowiodged from week to week and forwarded to tho B. 0. F. of L.
Ireanrar   to be used ia «ftaring the election of Labor representation.
A Taaeonver Wage-worker  f 1.00 W. V. flerubr, Photnlx, B. C    1.00
Dr. Telford Addresses Council on Proportional
Civic Fathers Come In for
a   Lot   of  Sharp
The Trades and Labor Couneil Inst
night decldod to back tho Proportional
Bepresentation league in its light to
get this syBtem voted on by the people, and to give financial support to
the league if mandamous proceedings
become necessary.
Dr. Robert Telfotd addressed the
conncil on behalf of the Vancouver
Proportional Representation socioty. Dr.
Tolford pointod out that last session
the legislature made proportional representation optional with the municipalities. ThoBe could adopt the sys-
tom by a three-fifths voto of tho councils, or it could bo submitted to the
electors on a five per cent petition. He
said that three municipalities had already adopted it. Dr. Telford explained
the offorts that had been made to get
the city council to adopt the systom.
Aid. Millor, Owen, Kirk and Marshall
wanted a plebescite and 2,183 names
wero obtained to a petition. These
were checked over and found to be correct.
But in spito of this, the council
blocked the proposal, though everything
was all in order.
The spenker announced thnt it was
proposed to put on a campaign and
flght the action of the council.
Although aldormon had said it was
a subject tho people should voto on,
thoy were now blocking it.
"Aldermen Kirk has developed a
very autocratic spirit," said Dr. Telford. "Ho has out-knisered tho kaisor.
He wants this left ovor till the legislature tncetB again. Ho has defied the
legislature and the poople. It is time
he wns out of public lifo. Tho mayor
and Aldormen Gale end Hamilton are
supporting it, but Kirk Is ruling
by 'divino right,' "
It was a case of self -preservation with
some of the aldermen, said tho doctor.
Del. Trottor said Dr. Tolford had
not said holf he should have about the
calibre of some of tlio men in the city
council. The aldermen wanted to retain petty ward politics. Aid. Kirk
had complained that if proportional representation were in effect, Labor men
might be elected. It waa Dol. Trotter's opinion that Kirk was absolutely
against the working class. "Be had a
aew system of taxation also, by whieh
the big interests would run Vancouver.
"Kirk," said Del. Trotter, "ia simply
humbugging the people."
Dr. Telford said that City Solicitor
Jones would give any opinion Alderman Kirk asked for He had given
two opinions against the system.
Businoss Agent Midgley said the city
council was the greatest aggregation of
peannt politicians he had over seen.
He moved that tho executive of the
Trades and Labor Council support the
Del. Hardy, while not opposing tho
Midgley resolution, submitted one of
his own that had been gone over by a
Delegate Hardy said the city council was so donse that the governor-general had actually boen askod for the
repeal of tho act. Theie wero tho same
mon who hnd askod for the passage of
tho act by the legislature.
Tho Hardy resolution follows:
"Whereas, the Trades and Labor
Congress of Cnnada has endorsed tho
principlo of proportional representation
as applicable to tho election of representatives to municipal bodies, nnd tho
samo is in the platform of principles;
"Wherens this council has already
unanimously endorsed the principle of
proportional representation; nnd
"Whorons on November 7, 1916, the
city council of Vancouver passed the
following resolution on motion of Alderman Mcintosh and Hamilton:
" 'That this counoil petition the
governmont to introduce an net at tho
next Bossion of tho legislature, embodying tho systom of proportional representation in election of council representatives for nny municipality in tho
provinco, and also for tho city of Vancouver, the aet to bo mado optionable
with any municipality on a majority,
in a plebiscite hold at the time of thc
municipal eloction.'—Carried; and
"WhereaB Messrs. Eogors, Mcintosh,
Marshall, Kirk, Mahon, Gale, Hamilton and Woodside constituted said
council for 1916; and
"Whoreas the 'Municipal Representation Aet" is now available for adoption by any municipality, including thc
city of Vaneonver, on a majority at a
plebiscite of tho electors; and
"Whereas over 2,000 qualified electors of Vancouver have signed a peti-,
tion calling on the council of Vancouver eity to take the opinion of tho
eleetors of tho city by way of plebiscite aa to the advisability of bringing
the 'Municipal Proportional Representation Act" into force in Vancouver,
for the election in tho cny of Vancouver of mayor and aldermen and other
elective officers; and
"Whereaa the city clerk has officially reported said petition as sufficiently
signed; and
"Whereas six afdermen of the city
council, namely Messrs. Kirk, Millor,
Woodside, Marshall, Owen and Rogers
havo recontly supported nnd actuolly
secured tho passing of a resolution
Inovod by Alderman Kirk and seconded
by Alderman Miller, that tho city of
Vancouver presont a petition to tho
lioutcnnnt*govornor>ip-«ouncil requesting thnt tho sonid 'Municipal Proportional Representation Act' he REPEALED in so fnr as tho said act applies to Vancouvor, which resolution
was passed with tho object of depriv.
ing the eloctors of this city of tho right
to adopt said act—a right enjoyed by
overy other municipality in ihls province:
"Be it resolved thnt this council reaffirms it endorsation of its nttitudo on
thia question and domands tho right of
the eleetors of this city to determine
by way of plebiscite the question of
the adoption  of 'Proportional Ropro*
Give Silt\
Hosiery This
that como under the olass
of "appropriate gifts"
hosiery holds a prominent
position. If you intend
giving hosiery you owe it
to yourself to inspect our
stook. Provision for the
Christmas season has been
well   attended   to   here.
Note these:
—Women's Fibre Silk
Hose in black, white or
colors; $1.00 a pair or
3 pairs in Christmas box,
—Women's fine Pure Silk
Hose in black, white or
colors, $2.25 a pair or 3
pairs in box, $6.50.
—Pine Orade Fibre Silk
Hose, in black, white or
colors, $1.50 a pair or
3 pairs in Christmas box,
—Pure Silk Hose, in black
or white, $1.75 a pair or
3 pairs in box, $5.00.
575 Granville <Phone Sey. 3540
sentation' in the election of the municipal bodies of this eity; and
"Bo it resolved that this council protests against any attempt to restrict or
limit the application of Bnid act; and
"Be it furthor rosolved tnat the secretary bo instructed to forward a copy
of this resolution to the city council of
Vancouver, to each alderman, and to
the attorney-general of this province."
Is it true that all soldiors in uniform who voted at the recont olection
were compelled to submit to having
their ballot enclosed -in an envelope
along with their regimental number
and similar military data and record,
Mi,is destroying tho secrecy of the ballot? If so, wob it for the purpose of
conserving the interests of democrncy
or of terrorizing the voter Into supporting thc Unionist govcrnmentt
Under date Dec. lit. press dispatches
stato that the men -of the "Cnnndinn
permnnent forces in tho weBt, when
receiving thoir pny on Dec. 21, will discover that they havo been cut 12
cents por dny." Is it true that although this cut has been ordered some
timo sinco, all knowledge of it was very
carefully withheld from the men until
nfter the olection on Inst Monday? Wai,
it held back for tho purpose of giving
them a sort of post-election surprise
in return for their gallant support of
the Unionist ticket at the polls?
During tho recent campaign the daily
press was noisily proclaiming tho joyful tidings, that nt tho time tho conscription referendum was taken by tho
Austrnlian government a yenr ago, the
soldiers in the trenches of Europe
voted overwhelmingly in favor of it.
As tho pross of this city under date of
Dec. 20 stat-CH that "a majority of the
Australian soldiors on active servico at
tho front voted against compulsion,"
upon that occasion, how is the reader
to be able to dotcrmine when these low
prostitutes Ho purposely und when do
they accidentally tell the truth?
It has long been a custom in certain
parts of France to make up the dough
for bread with sea-water instead of tiling, aB is customary, fresh water with
the addition of the salt required to
make the bread both healthful and ap*
petizing. Mr, Albert Saint Cornin, a
French nayal pharmacist of the first
olass, urges the wider adoption of this
practise, which has, according to him,
several advantages: the bread keeps
moist lingor, owing to the affinity for
water possessed by the maguosium
chlorid sea*water contains; it is very
wholesomo, since it provides not only
the chlorids of sodium and magnesium,
but othor mineral substances which tho
body cnn mako use of. In a communication to the Rovuo Sclentiflque (Paris)
ho says:
"By the way of reducing the trafflc
movemont of snlt, it is highly deslrablo
that thero should be legislation authorizing bakers in const towns to make
ubo of soawntcr. . . . Rolls mnde
with soawator aro said to remain frosh
for more than a woek. During a journey of five months mado from Havre
to San Francisco, in a sailing vessel
carrying IliO passengers and a crew of
2*>.    .    .    .    exclusive uso was made
At last tbe world witnesses the ascendency
of a real statesman—Nicolai Hitch Oulianoff,
known to the world bb Nicolai Lenine, premier of the world'B first industrial democracy, mighty Russia 1
A meteor across the political sky as Lenine appears to the uninformed, this doughty
champion of real democracy has long been
known in the Socialist movement as orator,
organizer,  author and Maximiliat economist.
As early oh 1897, Lenine, then a resident
of St. Petersburg, was at the very front of
the socialist movement, being honored by the
exploiters with tho appellation "dangerous
nihilist." The appearance of a radical article in a Russian journal, treating boldly
of the economic development of Russia, served
as an excuse for tho czar's agents to arrest
■its author, and he was sont on a long and
bitter journey to Siberia, without even the
formality of a trial. Despite tho hardships
of prison camp, Lenine wrote his scholarly
work on "The Development of Capitalism
in Russia,"
After four years of Buffering, the astute
Lenine managed to outwit his keepers and
escaped from Siberia, making his way to
western Europe, whero he remained in exile,
part of the time in France and aome of
the time in Switzerland. In the litter republic, Lenino trained fame aa one of the
editors of the Iskara, ventral organ of the
Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, In
1902, a split took place in the party, Lenine
resigning from the editorial staff of the
paper. The schism was the result of a bitter controversy on question of tactics, rather
than a flght over principles, Lenine waa
strongly opposed to any compromise tactics,
or dallying with governmental officials, He
wai openly aud above-board in opposition to
tha government and against any and all who
were willing ta support the government. He
was not a "patriot," judging from ruling-
class standards. He despised tho Russian
autocracy, heading a radical group known
bb "Porashenzi," who were anti-patriots,
hoping for tho defeat of the "little Father's" army in the great conflict. Only after
such a defeat, he declared, could the democratization of Russia bo effected. It was In
this sense only that Lenine could be called
pro-German. He was pro-anything that
would lead to tlie overthrow of the Rusisan
autocracy. Now that the vnsane czar and
his soothsayers are relegated to the farm,
Lenino Ib n patriot to the limit, as well us
an internationalist, ready to flght for tho
world as tho workers' country and defend
thoir homes from capitalistic aggressions.
In 1905, when thc first revolutionary outbreak occurred, bringing with it Bome measure of freedom and amnesty to political exiles, Lenine promptly returned to St. Petersburg, and was made editor of the socialist
dailly, The New Life. Later came thu reaction, and Lenino wns obliged to flee the
Lenine Ib well known to European socialists ab a member of tho International Socialist Bureau, and as a permanent delegate
to the International Socialist congresses.
Among hiB published works is an excellent
Russian translation of Webb's "History of
Trndes Unions."
From the foregoing brief sketch, it may
be Boon thnt the premier of free Russia is
no up-start demagogue or politician, but a
tried and true soldier in the. flght for worldwide industrial democracy.'—Truth.
Only two more days
Mr. Union Man
to finish your Christmas Shopping, so speed up!
At this Union Store you will find a large array of
useful and quality gifts, a display unequalled in
We extend to every Union
Man our every best wish for
A Merry, Merry Christmas
umitbo   -
[By Bev. Charles Stelzle]
Tou cannot alwayB judge how well a
man has aimed, by what he hits.
There's many a fellow who haa the reputation of being a winner, who really
hit the bulls-eye by a chanco shot. It
isn't always the gun which makes the
loudost report that does the most business. The chap who shouts loudest usually says least. For offeotive work, a
cannon must bo ono hundred times
heavier than the shot it fires. The
'lightweight'' on the job iB opt to
Buffer from the recoil—and it'a em t
cotoe. There are many kinds of f uni
but none of them are self-lriaf—ei
cepting tho kind that do misiaief. I
requires good ammunition, a steady ain
and a definite mark, if a mu is t
make good. Some men have wasted s
much time getting an aim in life, tha
they have forgotten how to pill tb
trigger—the game's gotten away whil
they've been thinking about the wa;
they'll get ready to begin. Thare ar'
times whon it pays to fire in battalions
but for ordinary purposes, it'a the sin
gle, well-aimod shot that eonats. i
man may not always hit the bull's-eye
but it is safer to keep on trying thai
to stako one's reputation upon a goo.
chanco shot.
of such bread, and there was not a sin- j
gle case of illness on board."
The water muBt be collected at a suitable distance from land and Bhould be;
takon from a depth of bIx or seven j
yards if possible. The yeast must ba!
prepared with fresh wnter and the salt,
water used for mixing the dough. Along'
tho English channel and the Atlantic *
ocean the water is of suitable salt eon-
tent to be used directly. Mediterranean water, however, has a salt content
so much higher that it is advisable ta
uso ouo pint of fresh water to three
parts of salt water. The French writer
"Bread made with sea water, uaeful
for everybody, is to.be especially recommended for growing children, for convalescents, and for all thoae who need
to repair the wastes due to fever or to
hard labor."*—Coaat Seaman's Journal
SET. 7495
AFTER 6 p.m.—BET. 7497K
THE ALL*WOOD AET DOLLS nro absolutely unbreakable. They
nro inude of solid wood, with stoel springs and hingoB. Im this
Doll nre combined benuty, durability and action. Thoy pleaaa tta
little mother aB they can bo placed in any position or pose. They
ure dressed or undressed, with or without hair... 16.00 to M7.K
Baby Ella Dolls
FOB THE LITTLE LADT who wants a doll with movable eyee,
arms aud legs we suggest the Baby iUa Dollaj in aU aim.
From  M.00 te «*-M
MY DARLING—A baby without hair, but movable arau eai
legs aaa
Millar & Coe, Limited
We are elected by the public of British Columbia as the leaders in our
line. We take second place to no store in Western Canada for values in
Suits for Men and Young Men. 1000 to select from in our two stores at
popular prices.
Prices $15, $18, $20, $25 and $30
See our special $25 Suit in Fancy Tweed, value unsurpassed.
—100 to select from—
Prices $15, $18, $20, $25, $30 and $35
Sold Everywhere in B. C. for $25—All Sizes in This Lot
Our Special Price, $21
Fancy Suspenders, in boxes; prices $1, $1.25, $1.51
Fancy Sets, in boxes; prices, from ~   _i $1 to $2
Fancy Armbands, in boxes; prices, per pair, from —._ 25c to $1
The largest and most complete stock of Christmas Novelties we hate
ever had.
A Box of Cigars given away with every suit or overcoat on Saturday
and Monday.  These cigars are Union made. '
Our Slogan: "Your money's worth or your money back"


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