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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 30, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 48
"____W_™Ckf UNITT:   VIOTOBT
^aJTi-T'T' $150 PER YEAB
I Some Good Meetings Held
and Strong Committees
Are Appointed
| Much  Interest Manifested
Among the Workers
and Citizens
Jaigisg by the success of tho campaign during tho past woek the Labor
candidates aro suro of success oa election day.   Enthusiasm and interest has
been very .marked at aU the meetinga.
The MBult has been tho formation of
acting working committees in various
parts of the constituencies.   After a
very successful meeting ia the Queen
[Mary school, West Point Groy, wbero
H. McVety, R. P. Pettipiece, H. L.
Corey and Miss Gutteridge were the
[speakers, a committeo was organized
'with B. Cassidy aB chairman, aad the
following members: Mrs. Cassidy, Mrs.
■0. Northrup, Mrs. Amos, Mrs. Corey,
■Miss Gutteridge, 0. Northrup, W. S.
n^moB, W. Murdock, Mrs. Mills, M, J,
[iernrd and 0. Forbes.
Arrangements were immediately made
j open a committee room at the corner of Tenth and Trimble,   Eoaders of
■Tho Federationist, resident in that district, aro urged to call at tho committee room ana help with the work.
Another mooting will bo hold in the
fcueou Mary school on Dec. 12,
H  The South Vancouver committee haa
been very  energetic  during tho past
Week posting bills with announcements
of meetings    and    answering the inquiries of the enormous number of persons who called at thc committee rooms.
The residents of South Vancouvor aro
asked to call thero and holp oat.
'  A very successful mooting wub held
in McBride school on Wednesday eve-
sing,    Tho speakers were J. H.  McVoty and E. T. Kingsley, who were received  enthusiastically,  their remarks
Soing continually interrupted by   ap-
A meeting was held in North Van-
louver Wednesday night which was
i'ery successful and so woll attended
'hat more chuirs had to be brought in
o accommodate tho crowd. Tho speakers woro tho candidate, Victor B.
Uidgley and It. P. Pettipiece and Miss
At the cIobo of the meeting some flf-
een residents of North Vancouver
formed a working committee, with G.
Hammormtuk as chairman, and E. L.
Williams, M. Page, P. Bathbone, 8.
klark, W. Forrest, E. Dickinson,- Wt
Wiles, T. Knthbone, John Clark, F.
flaking, J, Orchard and M. Porter, Ar-
angements were nuide for the immediate opening of the committee room
it 13 Lonsdulo avenue, just where tho
ars start,
A meoting hus been urmuged for
Priday night in Lynn Valley at tho
jynn Valloy Institute tu be followed
hortly by a meeting fn West Van-
ouvor. Another meoting will bo held
n K. P. hall on Dee 12.
Tho interest and enthusiasm shown
iy the committees in o.itlying parts
f the constituencies is eneuuraging to
I'Oth the candidates and the central
'nmpnigu committee. If the campuigit
ontinues as successfully during the
text two weeks as iu the past week,
|ho candidates of the B. C. F. of L.
all most certainly be elected.
Motabors of organized Labor aro
rged, to attond all meetings in their
icinity and forward to tho campaign
lianager at tho Labor Tomplo donations
o the campaign fund as soon as pos-
|W11L  Hold   Mass-Meeting   Thore   ob
Saturday Week tf Possible
Tho B. CI F. of L. candidate for Bur-
Irard, Ur. Victor R. Midgley, will speak
[at Britannia Beach on Saturday -eve-
[sing, Dee. 8, and at tho mines on Sun*
'day, if prosont arrangements can be
Vancouvtr South Has Mow a Ctntral
Offlce for J. ~. McVety Worktn.
Owing to the fact timt there hud been
|uome difficulty with thu prosecution of
tho campaign in Vancouver South owing
to the luck of a central office, the cam-
ijiiii^n committee haa obtained quarters
at 6291 Fraser avenue which will fill tho
iiill ln every particular. The quarters
lire commodious and plenty of literature
[will be available, It has been arranged
ilo keep the quarters open from 7:30 in
the morning till 10 o'clock at night, and
bn Saturdays from l to 3 p.m. Electors
lire Invited to use the Vancouver Kouth
heudqimrters uud to rati there for in-
[formation an to getting on thc voters'
fists, etc.
True Cause of Itrlk*.
"Wc are on PICKET DUTY here for
he purpose of Informing you of the
•cason of tho strike, l'revious to the
ttrike, we received |9.00 per week for
ievcn days' work.
"With ii view of obtaining $10.00 per
veek minimum, nnd a six-day working
veek, we united together nnd became
nembers of the Waitresses' Union, Very
•hortly after, two girls were dismissed
or being members of the Union.
"Mr. McLeod states he hus adopted
in Ion conditions fn his cafe, but he
icgleets to state that we are compelled
o strike in order to get a semblance of
nion conditions, even for those who
inve taken  our places,
the working girls of Vancouver, we
fcsk your co-operation in helping un win
Big Mooting* Monday.
* A mass meeting is arranged for St.
larks ball, Kitsilano, on Monday oven*
iff, Oec. It, nt B p.m',, ut which speakers
'111 bo V. It. Midglcv, candidate for
tnrrard, and .1, it, McVety, candidate for
ancouver South. There will also bo
ther well known speakers. Residents
i Ward Six are urged to attend tbls
Promoter Blunt Cigars Unfair.
Btrlking Waitresses WUl Hot OiT« Vp
Preeent Struggle.
The striking waitresses at McLeod's
cafe ure still carrying on their determined picket, and will continue to do so
till McLeod reinstates the girls he flred
because of the union affiliations. That
the general public Is ln sympathy with
the girls Is shown by the patronage of
this unfair cafe. It is being patronized
exclusively by a class which entertains
a deep hatred or organized labor.
The girls have Issued the following
Labor  flBMate Austin's
Good g5 eception in
Heavy Sledding for Win-
the-Election and Liber-
eral Campaigners
BEVELSTOKE, B. C. Nov. 27.—
Labor's candidate in West Kootenay
riding, Mr. I, A. Austin, accompanied
by Mr. Geo. F, Stirling, urrivod hero
Sunday evening and a meeting was arranged for Monday night, tho name
night ns tho win-the-war olection bunch
were holding forth. Our meoting was
well attended and the candidate. received a good reception, Mr. Stirling
was iu line fettle and gave tho audience
plenty of material to think ovor between now and election day. Candidate Austin has made many friends
here as the result of his visit and the
forceful maimer in which ho set forth
thc position und platform of the new
national Labor Party. And Bob Green
will have to mako a better showing
than at Bevelstoke * if he intends to
keep Austin from going to Ottawa as
the representative of this constituency.
The win-thc-elcction bunch certninly
had plenty of KC.'s-ut their meeting.
But our interpretation is that thoy will
prove to be K.O.'s when Doc. 17 rolls
round. Bob Green's reception was so
cold that he had to return to the wings
and secure his overcoat. Ho dramatically wrung his hands and pleaded with
tho ladies to vote for the conscription
of man-power and moro profits for the
worst elements of thc two old parties
in Canada.
When the man who put the "burr"
in Burrell came on the scene he was so
full up with llgureB und statistics that
he .mystified his audience. In vain ho
tried to apologize for tho, wrong-doing
bf'the Borden btinch'arid attefnptod to
show how they would curtail oxceas
profits—after election day. His audi-
onco became decided chilly as he labored thc subject of conscription of manpower alone. Ho pointed with pride
to how young Americans had responded
to tho call to arms, also under tho
"selective draft'* system of slavery;
but he forgot to mention that out of
four millions of conscripts in the U. S.
only 100,000 were ablo to be tranported
overseas for luck of ships. His whole
plea was excuses for thc Borden gov-,
ernment. Another stunt Bob has
hatched up is "meetings for women
Tho wage-worker electors of Rcvol-
stoke can be depended upou to do their
full duty of Labor Candidate Austin
on Dec. 17.
Real Soldiers From France
Refuse to Listen to
His Twaddle
And Press That Featured
Kitchener   Snub. Is
Silent as the Tomb
HALIFAX, N. S., Nov. 29—When Premier Uorden attempted to address tlio
several thousand returned soldiers who
returned on the Olympic ho received the
biggest surprise of his lifo. Scnrcely
hud he Htarted to speak when a soldier
shouted "To Hell with Borden,"
This was the signal of a wild demonstration against the premier and the
men who were not safety-first colonels,
hut real lighting men, absolutely refused
to give Flavelle'a protector a hearing.
Citizens of British Columbia did you
see the above ln the "Sun" or the
"World" or the "Province"? Of course
you didn't, The throe Vnncouver dallies
are receiving thousands of dollars from
advertising Victory Bonds, the money
being considered ln the nature of "hush"
money and they con ho relied upon not to
print anything detrimental to the government.
But, und there is a big meaning to this
hut, they reported to the full and even
featured on the editorial pages the fact
that Borden was howled idown In Kitchener, Ontario. They called the men who
Interrupted Flav.elle's pet in Kitchener,
traitors. Dare thoy uso the same language about the grim men of war who
howled down the premier over the blue
waters of   Halifax   harbor.
Borden has muscled the press and kill
ed free speech In Canada. Wo will guarantee thnt be will be given a good hearing even ia Kitchener if he opens his
remarks with these words: "People of
Canada, If yon will grunt mo free speech
tonight I will grant you free speech
Uorden got in Berlin and on the Olym
pic n dose out of the bottle which for
three yours he has forced down the
ihroats of liberty-loving Cnnadlana,
How do you like It, Bobbv?
How does your pet, Flavelle, like lt?
Isn't it almost enough to dampen the
paper-soled shoes of Herbert Ames?
"British Justice," According to the Borden Scales
BORDEN  (to Sir Joseph Flavelle):   "Naturally, Joe dear  the exigencies of the preient war call (or capital to meet conditions io
that vlctoryjnay^ be assured us^   As you have answered so nobly to your country'^ call in yonr capacity as a dealer lit Hogs.lt
Ib "but "natural that' you take advantage ^of the abnormal condition "of'the" good
taken by the Unionist government Justifies you in continuing" to "wake excels war" profits!
" "   '    "In this .flght fori freedom and^aemocracy, '*-—*      *
(as 'controlled by you) andthe "stand'"
BOEDEN  (to civilian soldier):  "In this flght for freedom anidemocracy, 'honor1 	
give bis life for his country.   'Filthy lucre' has no place ln our eyes when the world's liberty Is at stake.
your reward in the hereafter.    Bnt 'enumerators,' you say*    Well, well, of course, but my political friends,
way, the most that Canada can afford you Is 11.10 per day.   Public 'charity' will look after your dependent!.
Is the Incentive which compels every patriot to
—,...- ....-_*_ ._ .. ..-.-,    You will receive
, wc, etc.   Any-
******* ******* ******* •   -Mum***
Democracy Repudiated by War-Mad Rulers—The Last Vestige of Human Liberty Is
Being Destroyed—Militarism Rampant Scenting Its Return to Empire Slavers at the
Jaws  in  Anticipation—"Prussian  Kultur" Marching to World Victory in
"Seven League Boots"—Worldwide Autocracy Again Coming Into Its Own
clutches of tyranny and autocracy upon the people, hamstring
democracy and throttle liberty.
Every baneful interest in human society has rallied to the attack, making tho very welkin ring
with eager baying as they scent
thc return of the glorious days
when the law of the jungle (tooth,
fang and claw) was thc only law
recognized among human animals.
By the declaration, of martial
law, the institution of conscript
servitude and tho practical abrogation of citizenship as expressed
through the franchise, the contractual relation existing between
the various members of human
society, and which is the basis of
all written law, has been abolished; a return to the unwritten
law of the jungle has been made.
By the abolition of the human
conscience, and this has been accomplished by the tribunals, tho
very basis of all religion has been
destroyed, for without the human
conscience there is nothing cither
moral, ethical or spiritual upon
which to build.
And by these tokens have thc
war-mad rulers of practically all
countries halted the forward
march of civilization, disrupted
and destroyed its peaceful and
orderly processes of growth and
development and seriously threaten its complete cngulfmcnt in an
abyss of anarchy and chaos such
as followed the downfall of thc
Roman empire.
The empire of capital is tottering to ruin and! bankruptcy; its
official staff is a lot of gibbering
idiots; its apologists and spokesmen are inane falsifiers so wanting in ingenuity as to be unable
to disguise their vacuity with a
plausible mendacity; and its
strong-arm defenders are of thc
intellectual level of the jungle of
No more mendacious atrocity
was ever perpetrated upon a sup
poscdly free and democratic
people, than the impudent foisting upon them of enforced military service without even so much
as asking their consent.
No more abominable and
vicious usurpation of power was
ever attempted by even tlio most
unscrupulous and execrable ruling-class ruffian that ever wielded
the scoptre of power in an alleged constitutional state.
And no people worthy to be
THESE are indeed dark days,free would for a moment allow
for democracy and all that is! suoh a ruthless assault upon their
implied in the term human lib- £,'ee.do.m Rn,d th?h' *»■*** «°
v I unchallenged and unfebuked.
ert.y'     ,,,     ..      ,      , i    But as dastardly**^  thc con-
A world's ruling class has gone scl.itiou inf b    as re.
completely mad with the smell of: t as it mMt be to c
blood and the intoxication of one possesse(1 of _ i0Ve for de-
slaughter. | mocracy and a desire for the
Reaction is rampant, in every, of eiviliaitjon cvcn that
laud, seizing the opportunity ans-;infamy sinks lm in8igniflcanoo
ing out ot tlie general chaos ana | as m aoniovomont in ni01.al tur.
confusion to refasten the vicious ;pitude aiongsidc 0f thc War-
Time Election Act.
That is an achievement beyond
compare, an achievement so atrocious, so contemptible, so low, so
mean, so vile, so execrable, so repugnant to every principle and
concept of common decency, as to
preclude the possibility of meeting with the approval of any decent, clean-thinking and well-
meaning person in the land.
And if tho conspirators who
hatched that iniquitous measure
get by with it and are returned
to office under it, it will bc the
most scathing commentary upon
the intelligence and spirit of the
Canadian people that could possibly be conceived.
But those who are so lost to all
moral sense as to stoop sufficiently low to conjure forth sueh an
infamous measure, are none too
high in the moral scale to preclude tho possibility of even sinking to lower depths of infamy in
order to win their way to a renewed lease of power.
Tho very fact of their bringing
forth such an iniquitous measure,
is proof positive of the entire ab-
seuoe of virtue in the cause they
so mouthily and noisily proclaim.
No cause possessing merit need
resort to such dubious and vicious
means in order to go forward to
No cause resorting to such
methods in order to justify itself
can ever receive sympathy and
support from any person fit to be
tolerated among those who struggle and fight for human progress and freedom.
Orders have gone out from thc
military service branch of tho
department of justice, at Ottawa,
directed to "All Chiefs of Police,
Police Officers," etc., as follows:
"As soon as possible after the
12th of November, steps should
be taken to arrest and prosecute
those men who have openly defied
the law and who are either known
to the police or notified to them
by registrars under the Military
the fact of the proseoution should
obtain wide advertisement as
should also the faot that men who
surrender themselves will not be
proceeded against criminally for
mere default in reporting. AT
While it may bo* necessary to
work the "press gang" in order
to get more cannon-food for the
European debacle, it is by no
means so highly necessnry as to
call for such drastic measures
just now as might imperil thc
success of the "Unionist" conspirators at the forthcoming election.
Winning the election is evidently thc matter of first importance and when thnt has been
safely accomplished, "MORE
Thc document referred to ends
with the following very interesting paragraph:
I "Your co-operation along the
lines laid down in securing universal compliance with the act
and the proclamation issued thereunder and in the detection and
arrest of persons in default, deserters and absentees without
leave, is very desirable and AS
All of which affords material
for much earnest study and contemplation by those Canadians
who have been laboring under
the evident delusion that they
live in a democratic country,
quite beyond the vicious reach of
"Prussian kultur" and the tyranny and brutality of tlie wicked
autocracy of semi-feudal mid-
And who shall sny that such
study nnd contemplation may not
eventually throw a veritable flood
nl' illumination upon the significance of thc reincarnation of the
"press gnng" as n sign-post pointing the way to the triumph of
A   Considerable   Advance   Baa    Ihb
Granted by Amnf rant.
Although the Butchers' A Heat Cutters' have been organized but a short
time, the benefits of union are already
manifested, the butchers having succeeded in obtaining muoh better wages and
the ment cutters having succeeded ln the
establishment of a. minimum wage of
$23 a week. The agreement la oral thus
far, and the various shops will be signed up as soon as the shop cards, hy I
which the general public is advised
whether a shop recognizes the union, will
he distributed shortly,
11 AND C.
Practically All of Important
Cartage Firms Sign
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Will Have Better
Negotiations between tbe Teamsters'
Chauffeurs, Stablemen and Helpers'
local and tho General Cartage association, have been successfully concluded
for the men, A strike was called for
Monday noon, and lasted half a day,
the men deciding to return to work
pending tho negotiations with the general cartage association which came to
a successful conclusion at 0:15 Wednesday evening. That night at tbe
meeting of the union tbe aetion of the
negotiating committeo was endorsed.
By agreement the men will receive a
9%-hour day, an all-union shop, 10 to
20 per cent, increase in wages, and
time-and-a-half for nil overtime. The
new scale is effective December 1. Tbo
following firms aro effected:
Burke & Wood, Vancouver Transfer,
Campbell Storage, Imperial Transfer
Co., Scott & Pease, Standard Co., Chapman's Motor Co., Merchants Transfer
Co., Burke & Cameron, Independent
Transfer Co., Canadian Cnrtago Co., B.
A. Transfer Co., G. H. Cottrell Co.,
Johnston Storage Co., T. G. McBride
Co., Pacific Transfer Co., D, Fraaer Co.,
Royal Transfer, Alert Service Co., Ben
net's Transfer, O. Bowman Co., McNeill, Welch k Wilson; Mainland
Transfer, Burrard Transfer Co., Brown
Transfer Co., S. & Y. Auto, Foote's
Express, Frank Dalton.
Advertising   Is   Expensive
and Canvassers Reaping Harvest
Canvassers for the Victory loan oro
to receive ffi for every Jioou wm-ili they
sell. They are not flovoUng their energies to the Victory Muml mile altogether
out or patriotism therefore", m addition
to tho canvassers' percentage, It win cost
ii tremendous nmount of money In nil-
vorttfllng and other expenses, How this
compares with Motntlon or the blborty
Lorn, in t\u- United Statos Ih shown in
the t'net timt in the U s. no commissions
whatever wore allowed, banks and nnanclal Institutions gave their services absolutely free mid tin- newspapers donnlctl
"etc advertising space free.   Bxcepi for
Same Brand of Justice and
Rotten  Newspapers
as Down Here
Delegation Sent to Victoria
Makes Position Clear
to Government
Men WiU Place Their Objections and Statement
in Writing:
A stnmittee representing streetcar
■ti ef Vancouver, Victoria and New
Weatminster inet members of the provincial government on Nov. 28, and
took up the question of the introduction of the "one-man" car system Id
the threo coast cities.
In opening up the discussion with the
government tbe committee first stated
that the street railway men were opposed to the introduction of this type
of car. The committee reviewed the '
issues that were involved thnt led to
the appointment of Commissioner
Shortt and made it quite clear that
they were in no way committed to any
recommendations the commission might
bring in.
The only parties who agreed to be
bound by the commissioner's recommendations wero the B. C. Electric ana
the city of Vancouver and it il well
known that tho only question that the
city was committed to was the one
dealing with the regulation of the jitneys. Articles have appeared in the
press which attempt te show that the
Btreet railwaymen were also committed,
but this cannot bo too strongly denied.
In a portion of the commissioner*!
report he recommends the trial of the
one-man car on certain outside lines
so tbat a better service could be given.
In view of the fact that tbe only argument that has been put forward in
support of the one-man car is the one
of economy in reducing operating expenses, it should, therefore, become
apparent to anyone who understands
the question Jjof transportation that it
is impossible to give a better service
and at tho same lime make economy
in operating expenses.
Premier Brewster asked the men to
give a general written review of their
position, and also the main points of
their objection, which the committee
agreed to do.
Loud Calls for More Slaves
to Come and Get Their
Eye-Teeth Cut
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Oct. 28.—The j
hegira for the Big Outside threatens
to almost depopulate interior Alaska.
All those fortunate enough to havo tho
absolutely necessary are beating it for
the coast. Tho future outlook hero is
vory ominous indeed. Gold taining
practically suspended. A little tungsten und antimony being mined, on a
very; small scule. No employment at
alt in prospective, except humiliating
poonugo on thc government railroad.
Conscription anything but popular
here, thc foreign residents particularly
resenting it, nnd there is good and justifiable reason for their so doing. All
tho eligible young Riinsiuns contemplate returning te Rtlsain, preferring
.service in their own couniry.
The federal officials here are offensively arrogant and arbitrary, and are
handing o.tt law and justieo a la 1017.
The entire Alaskan presH, with thc
single exception of the Nome Industrial
Worker, is owned and controlled by the
big corporations, nnd reek with filth,
falsehood nnd mlfifOproaontatlon and nt
all times hostilo to Labor.
This town boasts of a commercial
club that dietates the policy of the local rtigH, sets the deadfalls whereby
the workers arc scientifically and profitably exploited; espouses the convenient
employment of the ambtgious time-
ohequo and defends (he technical morality cf thO welcher,
Might now this delectable aggregation of highbinders are sending out urgent 8. 0. S. calls for labor to build
the interior railroad and in return re-
coive a wage lower than is paid outside
Boys, stay away from here.
Chas. tester in still in jail awaiting
a re-trial. Democracy has apparently
overwhelmed jastico in this, thc far
benighted north.
Endorse Assessment.
At the last meeting of the street
Un ltw •men the assessment of 2r» cents
fur j n member for the support <»f the
wnllVesses strike was unanimously endorsed, nml this will hr placed noon the
December working card,   it Ih HoimI that
at   the   neM   meeting   the   hall   will   lie
crowded to ith capacity an the nomination Of Offlcors will tako place Tor tile
ensuing term. The (r(llccrs to he elected
Will he the ones n at will handle the
ock'oiiatlouH for the next ngreement,
Therefore It In very Important that the
men should look around and choose tlie
nuini cftpnhla men.
A Live Committee Holding:
Daily Meetings With
Good Results
VICTORIA, B. C., Nov. 28.—The
campaign meetings held so far in tho
interests of tho B. C. P. of L, candidate in Nanaimo riding have been very
successful and augur well for the balance of the schedule mapped oat by
the committee between now and Dec.
Our programme, as at present arranged, is us follows:
Saturday, Dec, 1—Ladysmith.
Bunday, Doc. 2—South Wellington.
Dr. W. J. Curry of Vancouvor will be
u speaker at this meeting.
Monday, Dee. .1—Northfleld.
Meetings for Cedar district and Tyeo
Siding will be arranged for later.
The outlook t'or the Labor candidate
is exceedingly hopeful and with the
miners rallying to bis support the
chances for election are good.
Danes for Minimum Waft.
On Friday, Dee. 14, one of the most
interesting Hoclnl functions ever held
In the Lahor temple will tnke place when
the recently-organised Women's Minimum Wane LeagllC will Klve a whist drive
and dance. Refreshments are to lie served. The league Is organized for the purpose of uhtiiiiiiiiK for working women a
decent  wage.
Cafes Signing Up.
Cooks, Walters Sc Waitresses local
ia meeting with great eiicoumKenietit.
Several more important eaten have signed working agreements, realising that
the best service to their patrons cnn be
given by members of the union. Several
cafes arc also giving tho proposition or
the local the most earnest coiiFtlderntlon.
Dr. Curry to Speak at Nanalmo.
It. W. .1. Curry will leave Vancouver
cu Saturday for Nanaimo. where ho will
sneak for the Lahor candidato, Mr. Taylor, on Sunday evening.
thc   elerh
Loan dldi
Pi tin
ntalled the Liborty |
government a pe
Olympia Cigars Unfair
Again, keep your eye on your
enumerator I Find liim and see
if ho has "missed" getting you
on his voters' lint. If he will
not put you on, vote anyway on
election any, as yoa have a right
to do, then tako the name of the
man who tried to disfranchise
you, and paste it in your hat for
futuro reference. These enumerators are all well-known men.
They live in Vancouvor, And
they are not going to move away.
Thut is, if they do not do anything so crooked its the War-
Times Bloc tion act invites tbem
to do. Ah the onumorotor will
live timong the poople of this
city for a long time, just lot bim
remember that the man whom he
Caused to lose his right to voto
is not going to forget right away.
There are no "voters' lists"
this election. The old lists nre
not being used. "Enumerators"
arc being sent around taking
names of voters. Tho only way
to find out if they have missed
you is to go to the enumerator's
home and ask hint. And, nt thc
same time, tnke a good look at
him in case he should cause yo.i
to lose vour right to vote on
Dec. 17. PAGE TWO
PEIDAY ..November 3», 1
Arnold & Quigley
All Overcoats at
Big Reductions
Every wanted style and every color in Men's High-grade
Overcoats, at tremendous reductions, for Saturday selling
—entire stock reduced.
$25, $28 and $30 Ovorcoats in Tweeds, Whitneys, Frieze, Cheviot,
Chinchillas, etc., medium and full lengths, plain or belted backs;
navy, grey, brown and d* 1 Q  *■?(*
fancy mixtures «pi%/« IU
$18.00   and   $20.00   tweed   and
cheviot Overcoats, d»*| O  *yC
$22.00  and $25.00  tweed, frieze
and cheviot Overcoats for :....
t32.00 aiid $35.00 Bants aad
tweed, frieze, ciilnchilla and
cheviot Coats, dJOQ Q —
for...... y-eO.OD
437.50 and $40.00 heavy English
twoed Raglans; all ftQQ Qt%
colors ipuO.Ow
Arnold & Quigley
Beautiful Hats to clear  $1.97 to $10.00
■fecial sale of Veilings, pet yard 20c
See Special Window
532 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3291
A choice stock of Union-made Hats—
Tke beet in Soft Pelts—A wide rango
ef Derbies 13.00 to WW
Lateet in Caps  11*00 to $2.60
Richardson & Potts Ltd.
UT OranTllle     Near cor. Hastings
VIOTOBIA, B. O.: 618 View Street.  Phone, 1268.   Greenhouses and Nur*
serf, Esquimau Road.   Phone 218.
HAMMOND, F C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Ham
1 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treet and Shrubi, Pot Planti, Seeds,
Out Flowen and Funeral Emblem*
Main Store and Registered Office:  VANCOUVER, B. C.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Beymour 888*672.
Branch Store, Vanconver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 8S13
Houn: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phona, Seymour 2229 . Closed Saturday Afternoons
Large Audience Listens
Labor Candidate on
Current Issues
SEE LOMAS for Small Farm
Lands and Suburban Homes'
At tn old-time resident of Burnaby he knows values and every inch
of Uie district.
Agent Equitable Firo and Marine Insurance Company
BMI Estate, Conveyancing,   Insurance,   Appraiser,   Estates   Managed
I have the best exclusive listings in Burnaby.   Oood buys for cash, in
lota, houses and acreago.   All closo to car line.
Pkone Ool. MX JUBILEE, B. 0. P.O. Box 7
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
iHMik II it' >
macdonald-Marpole Co.
1001 MAI* 8TEBBT
Hew a Returned Soldier at
Victoria Won a Battle
for Higher Wages
[By Waltor Hoa«]
Local 872, U. M. \V. of A„ met Sunday, ana
during tin* reading of tin- minutes it was discovered that tho amount that should havo
boon sent to tho injun-d brother in Illinois,
from whom tho u|.|..-nl wan rocoived at last
m.'i'tiiuf, should havo beon $25 instead of
$10. The brother had been injured beforo
the piiMNuia- of the llliruiis Coinpensution Act
which is based on the Engllsn Aet.
An appeal was received from Mr, Haywood, genoral secretary of the t. W. W.,
asking for funds to assist iu Ihe light against
the attempt of organized greed to railroad
many of their members to jail. During tho
discussion thut followed il wus genorally admitted that tho appeal was a needy ono, but
in view of tho fnct that we are ut present
engaged In n fight against an autocracy of
our own, we woro not in n position to make
any donation. Tho socretary wus therefore
Instructed to writo W. D. Haywood and acquaint him of our Inability to subscribe, and
tbo reasons.
John P. White's Resignation
Much discussion arose nut of tho receipt
of a communication notifying us of tbe resignation of J. P, White, our international
nrcsldent, who is taking tho position of adviser to Dr. Garfield, tho United States fuel
controller. A very small majority thought
that perhaps our late president, in his present position, would conserve the Interests of
the workers, but the majority had In mind
tho scriptural injunction, "By their deeds
yu shall know them," and judging from past
deeds, our lute president is eminently fitted
for his present position—from tbo ruling
class viow from V. I. Thore has been a
little too much of '' our country," " our
country's needs," etc., too much kow-towing
to the autocratic kaisers of America and too
littlo opposition to tho oiars of the United
Statos in iheir efforts to hamstring Liberty,
to stamp htm ns a man from whom the
workers can expect anything progressive. Ho
is of thc typo bred and loved by Mark
Hanna of Civic Federation fame, tho keep-
pVilitics-out-of-uninn, sanctity-of-agreement
type; tho type who soe no farther than a
fair day's work for a fair day's wages.
However, time will tell and if John P.
White starts in and advises the fuel controller to take ovor the mines and operate thom
under tho democratic control of tho people,
and advises the election of mine Inspectors
by the men, etc., we will thon believe that
J.  P.   is a sincere  fighter for the working
That Check Weighman
Wc had one regular discussion of the
check weighmnn question, and the grievance
committee.* was instructed to take the matter of providing u wush-hoiiso aud efficient
transportation up with the management.
The wash-house question in the mines of
British Columbia Is a live question. Numerous
attempts have been made in the past to
have legislation making the provision of
wash-houses compulsory,, but this question
will never be settled until tho workers develop sullicient brains to eloct members of
its own class to tbe legislature.
Working Hard for Taylor *
Thc campaign committee reported progress
and requested tho presence of as many aB
possible at the opening meeting of thc campaign in Nanaimo, to be addressed by Bro.
Joe Taylor, our caudidutc.
A few went to Nanainmo and attended tho
meeting held in the Dominiun hall, which
was a success, judging from tho interest
Am beginning to think that our expectations of a revival in Nanaimo are about to
be realized. The men of Nanaimo are in
full possession of the English spirit. They
are slow to move, but wnun onco moved aro
like a steam roller, a tough proposition to
stop, and as usual, after tbo failure of working class propaganda, the cxpeted has happened. An ignorant ruling class, through
their mouthpieces at Ottawa, bas succeeded
where others failed. The flrst class of conscripts bave at Inst been forced by pressure
executed from without, to sit up and take
notice. They held their opening meeting on
Sunday afternoon, whicli had a bumpor attendance, and if tho movement spreads
throughout Canada, theu "God help Borden
and his gang of pirates."
These men nf .Nanaimo arc men who have
reported under the Military Service Act, and
uro beginning to feel the pressure of industrial conscription, when the boss Is told to
t down tho number of exemptions applied
for, thus giving him an opportunity to use
the powers of discrimination for which ho is
However, we shall see what wo shall .see,
for despite the squawks of tho sewer press,
it is going to be a tough job arresting 200,-
000 deserters. A good function for the conscript army would be for the exempted oncB
to be sent tn arret;! and guard the resi.-t.TN,
The Nanaimo Meeting
The cumpuign meoting was presided over
by Mr. Tom .Ionian of Nanaimo, who in his
opening remarks, reviewed the situation and
generally scored thc robbers that rule the
roost at Ottawa. Jim Hodgklnson of Nanalmo was then introduced. He dealt briefly
with the squabble arising out of the "win
the election ' convention held at Duncans re-
I cently, where tbo returned soldiors' candidate, assisted by Senator, oxmsyor, and ex
a fow more things Finnia failed in an attempt to pack tii:- convention, and then
squeaied. He then deult wltn the rising revolutionary foiling that is amnifesting itself
in every part of the world, that has culminated In the overthrow of Russia's autocracy,
is brewing in Italy, und gradually growing
in the other countries ut war, Canada uot
excepted. He gave credit to Germany for.
creating the conditions that has mado n volution possible, which will crcntually result In
the overthrow of ail autocracy, Germany's
included. He tin n made a plea for organisation, as nothing could be accomplished without. Borden's trip to England and Ihe result (his military service act) r. ceived some
well-merited status for Jimmy ejusidered it
tough for Canada to be govt rued from Downing street, lie concluded bis r* mark.-, with
a few words of atlvloo to the ciisci'lpth, telling tin-in to expuOt very little from the p.ai-
form, hs It i- '' verbot.-n'' to advise conscripts, and our candidate could not do us
much good iu jail. V unr humble servant
was next invited t peddle tne nil air, And
a short time uhs ..p.i.l in giving th**- history
of tho dastardly attempt of the Fed. ration
to prevent the passage of the act, and finally
to bring about Its repeal through parliamentary action. The "win the election" outfit
received a few kicks, and Bro. Joe Taylor
was suitably introduced, my remarks being
concluded with an appeal for support for
Tho Federatlonist, which I think will bear
Bro, Taylor, our candidate, then made his
debnt, and made a very good impression with
tbo address he gave, a synopsis of which I
will try to give. Ho opened by Baying that
the conditions under which this election Is
held are un parallel led in tho history of the
world, and dealt with the question of the
Fedoration entering thc political arena,
painting a word picture- of the workers fighting the boss for better wages and conditions
364 days of tho year and electing the same
boss or his representative on tbo 365 day to
tho legislature, and then going from their
union conventions year aftor year with cap
In hand asking this same master class representatives for aomethlng that could be taken
by placing workers in parliament. The executive couneil of tbe provinco or Dominion,
an the caso may bc, listen attentively to
Labor's demands and promise careful consideration, etc., and as carefully forget, Tho
plank of tbe .platform demanding tho repeal
of tho Military Service Act was emphasised,
and uny time that the opposition of that
infamous measure was mentioned, the remark was greeted with applause. Continuing
he said: Conscription has been saddled upon
the peoples of Europo. This competition In
armaments, one nation will inauguaroto compulsory military sorvloo, and tbeir neighbors
will be forced to follow milt, Will conscription end with the end of tho war? History
has shown that once the ruling class have
fastened conscription upon a people. It has
nover beon unfastened, Why the need of
conscription in Cnnndn. when tbo Unltod
States, to break even with Canada, will have
to pluce 5,000,000 men In the field, Will
tho powers that bn stop at 100,000 men, if
tho war Ir to hm anywhere from three to
five years,   as  some exports predict!    Who
do we find making the most noise In demanding conscription of man power; men
wbo are unfit or otherwise exempted; men
like tbe Rev. Principal Vance, who has boen
asked to bis face why he does not set an
example and volunteer! Was ever a ruling
class war fought for democracy t — Have a
people over been asked to declare war! We
are asked If we won, and Germany so dominate Canada. We are un the eve of having
an autocracy foisted upon us, that will put
the German junkers In tbo shade. The war
has brought to Canada one long story of
graft and handling, from the Ross rifle to
bacon, and the profiteers are not to blame,
for they have only been conserving their own
interests. Had tho workers only conserved
tbelr interests half as woll, there would be no
need of the flght we are putting up today.
An idea of what tbo returned soldier can expect is given by the following incident: A
returned soldier got a job in Victoria at SOo
an hour, and upon asking his boss for an
existing wage, said boss, who by the way is
of German extraction, told the R. 8. that
he could get a chink for half as much, whereupon the It. S. pushed hla kalsership in the
dock, went In and hauled him out again and
gave him a hammering and got his raise.
Tho manager of the works is tho chairman
of tho Imperial munitions board In Victoria.
The candidates of the B. C. F, of L. are
pledged to fight for bettor pay and adequate
pensions for soldiers. There is no need for
the sudiors' dependents to subsist on charity.
Tbe soldier without doubt fights for the
state, whatever tlio state represents, and it
is the duty of the state to fully support tbo
soldier and his dependents. Our candidates
are absolutely opposed to profits being made
out of tho war. It is refreshing to learn
Premier BreWBter's ideas of domocracy. He
Is absolutely opposed to tho War-Times Election Act, but ho and Sir Wilfrid Laurler foil
out over the proposal to submit tbo conscription bill to a referendum. Tbo possibilities of industrial conscription aro Illustrated by tbe working of tbo exemption tribunals. If tho boss is behind a man, that
man has a chance of claiming exemption.
The action of Lloyd George with tho Welsh
miners shows the power we can exerol-pe
wben organizod. The Welsh minors were
fined £5 for laying off work, aud they found
it cheaper to quit. David beat it down to
Wales and told them a mistake had been
mado, The Defence of the Realm Act did
not apply to them (because thoy wero organized). The Cowichan ladies are advocating tho bringing in of indentured Chinese
labor, presumably for the purposo of chasing
tho white men out, all same South Africa,
after tho Boer war. Wo have a cartoon depleting the stato of affairs In B, C. A soldier is eeon bidding good-bye to his wife and
kiddies, and in the background are seen a
Chink and a Hindu dancing a Jig, singing,
"We'll koop the home fires burning." We
can truly say that British Columbia, the land
of the free, the home of tho Jap and the
heathen Chinee.
The opportunity of Labor Ib now horo, and
must be embraced. Various women's organizations are organizing a campaign for food
conservation and strange to say, are asking
the workers to economize on what they have
been forced to economize on all their lives.
Committees are running around the country
boosting tbo Victory loan, when the peoplo
of Canada are roped In to put their savings
in Victory bonds. Canada will be said to
be behind the war, and we will bo told to
flght or lose our money. Don't delude yourselves on the number of classes that ure
going to be called up, if not halted. All
classes will be conscripted and 100,000 will
not be tho limit either.
At the conclusion of tho meeting, several
questions were asked and answered to the
satisfaction of the questioners, Ono of them
was, "Will the Labor delegates unite with
tbe Laurier Liberals on the question of the
repeal of the conscription bill!" Answered
yes, we will unite with old Nick himsolf, if
necessary, which provoked a storm of applause.
They fit you and satisfy
your idea of what good
clothes and good tailoring
should be.
With wooL still soaring in
price the label-in-the-pocket
means the cost of the suit
when the wool was bought
over a year ago.
655 Granville Street
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Tie Jarrh Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Stmt
Materials tiM**l daily in Ihe telephone
biiHinehH hsve Increased in price between
Auitust 1, 1914, and Hepwrnber 14. 1917,
as followa:
Olass insulators, Al per cent.; galvanised ground rods, 76 per cent.; ieadcov*
ered cable. 94 per oent.; rubber-covered
telephone wire, 41 per cent.; dry bat*
terlee, 76 per cent.; telephone Instru*
mente. pole line hardware, 128 per cent.;
tools, .IS per cent.
While all other materials and eommodi*
ties you use were going skyward In prices
on account of tbe war.
Tolephono Berries Is comparatively
cheaper today than anything alas yon hm.
Refined Servioe
One Blook WMt of Court Houae.
Die of Modern Chapel tnd
Funeral Farlora free to all
Telephone Seymour 8416
«*£&> Of America v*Q>-r
co-iHH? emei memtnnrtMi) teas
\,k for thie babel wben purchasing Beer.
Ale or Purter, as a guarantee that It is Union
Mads. This la our Label
Get Ready for the;
Big Furniture
Slaughter Sale
We Hate To Do It But We Have To
Announcement and Reasons Later
Standard Furniture Limited
J. Hanbury & Co.
Fourth Avenue and Granville Street
Bayview 1076 Bayview 1077
Can't You Hear
Them Calling?
Our Boys at the Front
Need Help.
We Need Unity
In Great Britain, Liberals, Conservatives
and Labor are united in one government,
with one aim—the winning of the war.
In Canada we want the same unity.
Vote for Major
The Unionist Government
For Sale
London, Canada.
Sales Manager foi
British Columbia
and Yukon.
3118 Alberta St.
B. O.
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone us day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sty. 404*6*6 Union Station
For sale by
McNeill, Welch .
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800       1629 Main Stnet
Erery Union Man Who Visits
the Labor Temple
Should patronize the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
J. Parliament c. Toxeott
Pocket Billiard
(Brunswlck-Halku Collender Oo.)
—Headquarter, for Union Men—
Union-mad.    Tobaccoa,    Ciaara   and
Onljr WMt. Help Employed  -I
42 Hastings St. East ■"■■^
official Mm
U10HA  nDBBATIOB  OF   __01
NINTH YEAR.   No. 48
CShSW)     $1.50 PER YEAB
OOME vicious-minded individual
among the sellers of non-union overalls
in B. C. has circulated the report that this
firm is having trouble with it's all-union
employees in Vancouver. The rumor is
absolutely false and merely intended to
hurt our
Carhartt Overalls are Union-made
-Made by All-union Employees-
Has had no trouble with the Union
rior will there be any at any time
Confirmation of this statement can be had from any
of the officials of Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council  or   the   B.   C.   Federation   of   Labor
Hamilton Carhartt
Cotton Mills, Ltd.
We Advise You to
Buy an Extra Pair
Your Size in
Right Away
The price is bound
to go higher very
We hope this will
be of real service
to you.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
0. A. 0RY8DALB, Manager for B. C.
Phone Sey. 11770 for appointment and we will arrange aame for your
y Amalgam for Filling Teeth
■fl Undoubtedly tlio groutcHt preserver of teeth aud restorer of their
•flicioney is aranlgum, ofton termed ailvor or alloy.
fj Dental amalgam consist!* of various motals, principally silver and
tin, mixed to a paste with mercury. In a short time this sets to a Bilver*
liko shade and density, aud is insoluble in the fluids of tho mouth.
*Q Amnlgnni is, however, not an unmixed blessing, and in the hands of
incompetent or "get-rich-quick" dentists, often fails. SomotimoB people
bring this failure upon themselves. They may como into tho offlce Bport-
ing a $100 set of furs and $10 shoos and want a "cheap fllling." They
sometimes get what they ask for, which later costs them dearly. It
should be known and remembered that the choopnosa or expense of a
filling is not in the cost of the material, but rather in the time expendod
in preparing tho cavity and in inserting it. ,
fl Gold has, and does, cost several times as much ns amalgam or cement
fillings of the same size, but only slightly more except for the laBor
fl Somo of our'bigh-priced dontistB often deplore tho common use of
amalgam. It "cheapens" dentistry, but any method or mntorial wliich
brings dentistry and tho preservation of tho teeth, tho basis of correct
mastication anil, therefore, of nutrition, within roach of tho "common
people"-—tho producing class, is a blessing to tho human race. Looking '
into tho mouths of wage-workers, and the average man and woman, we
sec a dozen amalgam fillings whero wo seo one of gold or other material.
_ The fnct for you to remember is, however, that "a atitch in time
saves nine," and that deluy is dangerous. The smaller tho filling the
better, Therefore, visit your dentist regularly and often. This is true
economy and it will save time, discomfort and money, and oftenj the diB-
llgurcment of tooth, duo to largo fillings or gold crowns which, if you
delay, aro sometimes unavoidable. *
•J    Read my letter to tho editor. „
Burleson  Noisily  Bubbles
Over With Wifc Wisdom^
and Ponderosity
Clearly Blazes the Path of
Democracy for Feet
of the Scribe
The Publie, of New Tork, prints an
interview with United States Post-
aBter General Burleson by George P.
WeBt, one of its editors. The article
follows, in part:
"What some of us fear," I Baid,
"is that officials of this department
will let a claas prejudice against radical publications influence them, and
that the movement for economic democracy will suffer because of it. What
I ahould liko to aee is for you to suppress Colonel Roosevelt s articles
charging broomstick preparedness. They
certainly give aid and comfort to the
"What he Bays is not true," said
Mr, Burleson, "but I don't think it
would affect the morale or fighting
spirit of cfur soldiers. As for the others,
we shall not permit them to say that
this war was brought on by Wall
Street and that the president iB a tool
of tho interests. ThiB administration
has done moro for Labor than any
other. Wo havo given them all they
ought to have. Mind you, I don't think
thoy have got anything they weren't
entitled to, except that we should have
enacted a compulsory arbitration,
"No man has any moro sympathy
than I have for the poor fellow bent
over working with a pick for $1.50 a
day. I'll do all I can to lighten that
man's burdens. But when he takes up
the torch or tho bomb—"
Again Mr. Burleson's list came down
on tno table.
"Give him a show for his white alley and he'll have no inclination to,"
I suggested.
"Mr. West," said the postmaster-
goneral kindly, "do you know why
that man can't,make moro moneyf It'a
up here," and he pointed tojiis fore-
hoad. "It's tho shape of his brain.
It's fatality. God Almighty did that
and you can't change it. You're challenging Providence. Distribute all the
wealth in tho country with absolute
equality, and what would happen within a year? It would all be back in
the same hands."
'' Let's waive the question of grownup men," I said, "and take children.
They at least ought to havo equal opportunity."
"Do you moon to tell me," said Mr.
Burolson, "that the child of the poorest
farmer or the poorest factory hnnd in
New England hasn't just as good a
chance to go to school and got an education and becomo a bank director or
a railroad presidont aa J. P. Morgan!"
"I certainly do," I said. "Very few
Now the new hopo reviving dying fires,
Tho thoughtful Hijul to spi-culaU- aBplreii;
And the lean hand of Shylock and his kin
Puts out Bome money, which ho gladly hires.
Myself, when young, did eagerly frequent
Broker and Broke; and heard great argument
About it and about.   Yet evermore
Came out far shrewder than when in I went.
With them tho Seed of Wisdom* did I tow,
And then I thought I'd sure be in the Know
And this is all the Wisdom that I gained:
If you buy High, Quotations will bo Low.
Some for tho glories of the System;  Some
Sigh for thc Big Fool's Paradise to come.
Ah, take tho Cash and let the profits go,
Nor heed the rumble of a Boston Drum.
Some System that with Logls Absolute
Both Standard Oil and Copper can conflute.
The sovereign Alchemist thtt In a trice
National Lead can into Qold transmute.
Indeed, Indeed, at Morgan oft before
I swore.   But was I cautious when I swore t
And then came Bay State Oaa-and Rise-
I   plunged—and   lost   seme   fifty   thousand
And then that new Prospectus cast a spell,
And robbed me of my Hard-earned Savings.
-'■ I oft wonder what the Magnates buy
One-half so precious as tbe Fools they Sell.
Ah, My Beloved, all goes up in Smoke,
Last Week la past Regret; Today Is a joke;
Tomorrow—why, tomorrow I may be
Myself   with   Yesterday's   Seven   Thousand
You know. My Friends, with what a brave
I put a Second Mortgage on my House,
So I could buy a lot of Inter—Met—
1 even used the Savings of my Spouse.
I   Bent my  soul  down where  the magnates
To   learn   tho   truth  about   some' Worthless
And by and by my Soul returned to Mo,
And   answerod—I   myself,   have   bought   a
Oh, threats of Curbs and Hopes of Bucket-
Whether Industrials,  Railroads,    Mines    or
Onc thing is certain and the Rest Is Lies—
The   stock   that   You   have   bought   Forever
And if in Vain down on tho Stubborn Floor
0/ tho Exchange you hasard all your store
You   rise   today—while   Crops   are   vp—
how then
Tomorrow, when they fall to Rise'no more,
Waste not your Money on Expected Gain
Of this  or  that Provision,  Crop or Grain,
Better be Jocund with Industrials,
Than sadden just because It doesn't Rain.
Ah,  moke  the most of what we yet  may
Beforo we too, Into the Pit descend I
Dust unto Dust, and without dust to live,
Sans   Stock,   sans   Bonds,  sans   Credit   and
sans Friends.
The Moving Ticker tells,    And having tnld,
Moves   on.    Nor all  your Poverty or Gold
Sluill   lure   lt   bnck   tu   Ralso   ono-half   a
Nor let you realize on whnt you Hold.
For I remember stopping In the Jam
To watch a Magnate shearing a Poor Lamb.
And with an Eager and Excited Tongue
It murmured,   "Oh,  how fortunate  I am."
No Book of Verseil  But a Ticker Taps,
Quotation Record and • Dallly Fape'
A yellow-haired Stenographer—perhaps
That Wilderness might be a good escape,
When You and I are Hid within the Tomb
The   system   still   shall   lore  new   Bonis   to
Which of our coming and Departure heeds
As Wall Street's self should heed a Lawson
Ah, Love, could You nd I lay on thc Shelf
This sorry scheme of III Begotten Pelf
Would we not Shatter It to bits, and then
Remould a System just to suit Ourselves.
—Carolyn Wells.
finish grammar school. Take your bureau of labor statistics. Take the report of yoar public health service,
which shows that less than half of the
adult male wage-earners in this country wero earning enough to support
their families in decency and comfort."
"It's their own fault," said Mr.
Burleson. "It's their own fault. This
Is the freest and finest country God
over made. Your quarrel Ib with God.
Tou have a perverted view of these
things. If that's the stuff you're
preaching, I think you're probably doing more harm than good,"
"God never intended that a man
should be allowed to grow rich just
from the ownership of land that others
worked," I suggested.
Mr. Burleson chuckled.
" As a land owner, you can't expect
me to believe that," ho said.
"Take your own Btate of Texaa,"
I said. "The hearings and report of
the Walsh commission on tenant farming—"
"That was the most vicious and untrue document over published,"- Bald
Mr. Burleson, very much aroused. "If
tho roat of that report was like part
of it, the whole thing was vicious. The
people don't get on the land because
they like to stay in town where the
lights aro bright and thoy can go to
the movies. Take two twiu brothers.
Ono succeeds and the other doesn't.
Ono saves Mb money and works hard—
tho other must go to the movies every
night and tho opera ovory week, and
nt SO he has nothing. It'a a difference
In people that you can't change. It's
"Bdt don't think I am going to interfere with any publication fcecausp
it may preach these ideas. Take Socialism, I don't care about Socialism.
As a political party it's insignificant,
its viows aro not making any headway. During tho war it haB a little
importanco; but that will end with tho
war. I'll not interfere with any publication that stays within tho limits
laid down by tho law.''
I uskod Mr. Burleson about methods,
and whether a publication would have
its day in court.
"Every editor is hia own censor,"
ho Baid. "Tho lines aro clearly laid
down, and no editor will havo any difficulty in keoping out of trouble if he
wishes to do bo. And the courts nro
open to them. Judge Hough supported
ray contention."
"But he said that to tuko away Tho
Masses' mailing privilege because it
had been denied continuity of publication by your department was like a
policeman knocking a man down and
then arresting him for obstructing the
"You've been reading only one Bide
of that," said Mr. Burleson. "That
was not tbe reason. It waB because
The Masses had been printing unmail-
tible matter. What these editors want
is a chance to spew out all their poison
and do all the mischief they are capable
of before we can reach them. They
won't succeed."
Mr. Burleson at the end referred rae
to Mr, Lamar, solicitor for tho department, for a copy of his authorized statement, Mr. Lamar is tho official who
initiatoB proceedings agalnBt periodicals
and who presses tho case against them.
He is devoting all his time to tho work.
I talked with him in much the same
frame of mind as his chief. He asked
me if I had read The Masses for a few
months back, and when I told him I'd
read it for several years with enjoyment, if not always with full agreement, ho lost interest In me.
By Spencer Wilkinson (London, Constable &
Co., Ltd.)
This volume wns written some yoars be
fore the war, and, as-the arresting title suggests H promises present Interest. It is om<
of several volumes by tho same author, all
diroctcd to thc advocacy of conscription,
which, in his opinion, as in thnt of pre-war
British militarism, was a necessity of the
time. The volume ii well-written as far as
it goes, but It touches only seine of tho
deeper principles involved, and not the most
important, and only lightly at that. He lacks
the serious, earnest noto of the best spirits
who, during the last fifty or sixty years have
dealt with the all-important question of the
progress aud continuance of the British Empire.
Conscription of tho nation's, manhood for
tbe service of th/e atate Involves the reciprocal service on the part of the state to care
for Its eitltens, to aee to it that conditions
permit they be well housed, well clothed,
well fed and well educated. Carlyle, Froudo
and Ruskin may be mentioned as great patriots, not of war time's debauch, but of
peace-time, who devoted and consecrated
thoir lives to arouse the nation to take this
care of its citizens, and who presented the
duty of citlsens, on tho other hand, in a
manner that did exclude conscription.
Hut Mr. Spencer Wilkinson's only reference to the duties of the government towards
its citizens, in the volume under review, is a
few lines at the end of the volume.
"1 suspect," ho concludes, "that the relations between . . capital and tabor,
between master and servant, between rich
and poor, between class and class, would become simpler and better if Englishmen were
to come to see how natural it Is that they
should spend their lives for England."
This pious suspicion In a shirking of the
f.roblem, and he who treats it so perfunctor-
ly Is a "slacker," to use a name popular In
somo cases.
A year ago, whon the National Service
cards wero issued, and R, B. Bennett was
made chairman of a National Servioe board,
ho and Premier Bordon made a grand tour
of tho Dominion to expound the boauty of
this one-sided national service, tho duty of
the citlsen to tho state. Labor organisations
all over pointed out to them that the state's
duty to tho citlsen was part and parcel of
the question. It was really tho first part uf
the question, but Labor was timid and therefore Ignored. The Calgary Labor council forwarded its demands on tho state's duty to
Labor to Bennett and Borden to Revelstoke
on their way to Calgary, and they wen-
asked to deal with the matter In their
speeches at the latter place. Did they do
sot They did not. If the war Is not won,
the responsibility is theirs, and that of such
Asks Women Citizen If She
Is Going to Vote for
the Kaiser
Man Has Been Reported
for His Party Activities/
"Are you going to vote for the king
or the Kaiser 1"
That was tho insulting queatlon a
certain ouumerutor during the past fow
dayB, asked of a certain woman whoso
name he was asked to put on the voters' list.
It is a good sample of tho oxtreme
and crooked moans by which the Borden government "enumerators" are
endeavoring to intimidate women voters.
Had this enumerator asked the same
question of a man ho probably would
have had to bo taken to the hospital
to get his noBO straightened.
Bat an enumerator who would stoop
to ask a woman such an insulting question and a good Canadian woman at
that, would not dare ask it of a man.
As a rule a man who insults women is
a cowardly pup, whether he is an enumerator or whatnot.
Some of tho enumerators are doing
their best to earn their measly $_ a
day by doing crooked work for the men
who engaged them. Others, The Feder-
utionist is very happy to bo able to say,
arc honest men.
But honeat men though they be, they
are engaged on u systom which was
intended to givo full rein to anyone
who had the desire, or the object, to
be crooked.
It is a pity the black sheep cannot
be singled out so as not to be a blight
on the characters of thoso enumerators
who are honest and decent.
The National Nun-partisan ■jcague can use
a few good union men as organizers.    Good
pay, steady work and a chance to help In a
real light for industrial and political democracy.    We will truin you for the agricultural
work—your knowledge of the industrial field
will be invaluable.    Write for particulars to
The   Educational   Department,
Gilflllan Block,
St.  Paul,  Minn.
(A Fable)
[By  A.   A.  Graham,   Topeka,   Kas.]
The Sheep, at lost realizing that, as between Man and the Wolf, they were euro to
lose their lives, held a great council. After
tho temporary and tho permanent organizations had been effected.and a resolution to
make the association perpetual had been unanimously adoptod, tho Hell Wether arose to
stato thc purpose of the meeting.
In a great. Impassioned speech ho told the
Sheep that they had always been denied jus-
tie, ever destined to suffer death, bocause of
their value, at the hands of tho Wolf or thc
Man, the Wolf allowing them some freedom,
but tho Man always keeping them under restraint. The time, he thought, had come for
an ond of these oppressions, calling attention
to the fact that tbey had long, strong horns,
constituting powerful weapons, which they
had always used with great effectiveness
against euch other, and, in addition, that
thoy were all headstrong so that they could
butt up against nny proposition with groat
force, and that no Wolf or pack of Wolves
could withstand tho blow from their hoods
or tho thrust of their horns.
Tremendous applause here interrupted the
speaker, and the Sheep all arose, shook their
heads from side lo side to show tlio play of
their horns, snorted, nnd squared back as If
to make a head rush; but, just nt that moment, a lone Wolf, hearing the commotion,
showed up in the distance, whereupon the
whole flock scampered off at it dead run, and
did not stop Until they had gotten within
thoir fold, where they found the Man busy
stowing away salt to cure their hidoB, and
Immediately they all fell to licking his
MORAL: The people, like tho sheep, possess both thc physical means and the power,
which thoy freely use against each other, but
lack tho moral courage to attack their enemies, fleeing from tho trust magnates In a
panic and licking the hands of thc politicians
for favors, to both of whom they must give
up their lives.—B. of L. P. & E. Magazine.
as they are, slackers in dealing with tho
problem involved, and cowards in shirking It.
At one of his first cabinet meetings, at the
beginning of tho war, as tho story was told
in the press aoross tho border, Lord Kitchener was a few minutes late. He explained
that ho had that morning reviewed a body
of troops in tho midlands and watt a little
lato In getting back, and that now, before
sitting down, he wished to state that ho
found the quality of thc troops he had seen,
and the conditions of the people and the
material from wliich ho had to raise new
armies such as made tho responsibilities of
his office heavier thun ho anticipated. He
had not known that while he had boen away
from England during thc past twenty yours
governments had permitted tlie country to
lapse Into onditions of living such as ht* hod
seen that day. lie knew that irovernments
have duties towards their people, nnd must of
your readers know that these duties ore being shirked, and thut the "slackers" and
cownrds are in high plaees and nut In the
ranks of labor.
"Your strength and your wenlth are in
thc quality of your mtn and women, not in
your dollars and dreadnoughts." How often
has nut this been thundered by Britain's
true patriots. "Win the war" by nil means,
anil the people have done and are doing their
part tu a degree one marvels ut, Their part
can not lie made thc issue in this election,
however hnrd the psuedo-pntriots may try to
make it so. Labor litis over and over again
offered its all, including life itself to our
country, asking only in return that the government and its friends would do tlieir part,
but the government hns every time shirked
the question. That Is thc issue nf this election, and Is like to become tho issue of the
war. G. 0.
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
Tt has
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
20-33H SEE
Goats and Suits
at Ladyware
THE moat extraordinary Garment Site
held in Vancourer for yean.
Every lady in tkis vicinity shsuld ha
vitally intereited in thia opportunity ft
save good money.
Every garment splendidly raan-tailered
in our own factory in Vaneonver.
A great variety of this season's styles—
All our regular stock.
Opp. Drysdale's
Many heavy doctor's and
hospital bills can be saved
by having a supply of household drugs and standard remedies
in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use day
or night—you can take prompt aetion in case of illness or injury. And a little attention when the first symptom develops
often goes as far as expert attention later on.
See us. We carry a full line of drugs and proprietary Medicines, and offer them at the lowest pricei.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Dru ggists
MS Hastlngi St. W. Pkenes Bay. 196*5 It 1906
7 HtstlngB Street West " Seymour S63S
782 OranviUe Street Seymour 7013
8714 OranviUe Street Bay. 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 as 17330
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Samo prices and service as
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
There must be a reason. The best reason is that when a man
buys a pair of Shoes at this store, he gets satisfaction and tells
his friends.
Wn buy the best Men's Shoes wc know anything about, and
we claim to know considerable about shoes.
Be One of Our Regulars—It Pays
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Have You Read AboutYour
Street Railway Service?
Dr. Adam Shortt's report on transportation
should be studied by every citizen of Vancouver.   Note these extracts:
"The central principle on which any adequate street car service is necessarily built
is that of utilizing the greater earning powers of the heavier traffic routes to support,
especially in their initial stages, the outlying routes, with lighter traffic, which, however, will some day come to be first self-
supporting, and later contributors to the
support of newer and still more extended
routes. If, however, anything occurs to dislocate this system, especially in the way of
impairing the revenue upon which it
lives, it inevitably demoralizes the service
for a time, and if peristed in must ultimately lead to the bankruptcy of the corporation,
doubtless after a gradual suspension of the
more unprofitable lines in the outskirts of
the city."        ^
This company hopes that a better understanding of the principles ofc transportation
as laifl out by Dr. Shortt will lead to better
service and more prosperity for Vancouver.
Published evory Friday morning hy tbe B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
ft. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in   a   body,   $1.00.
Mew Westminster \V.  Yates. Box  1021
Princo Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1638
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World"
FRIDAY November 30, 1917
British Columbia—
Bast Kootenay—Thomas Biggs.
West Kootenay—I. A.. Austin.
Nanaimo—Joseph Taylor.
Victoria—A. S. Wells.
Vancouver South—J. H. McVeto,
Burrard—V. R. Midglej.
Vancouver Centra—W. A.  Pritchard, bo-
Eaat Oalgary—B«v. Wm. Irvine.
Macleod—Steve Marshall.
Victoria—J, W. Leedy.
Bow Biver—D. H. Galbralth.
John Reld, socialist.
Red Deer—J. R. Knigiit, socialist.
Lethbrldge—L. H. Pack.
Medicine Hat—Oeo. Patton, socialist.
Moose Jaw—James Somerville.
Kindersley—W. Seward.
Begina Oity—Aid. A. MacBeth.
North Winnipeg—B. A. Bigg, M.L.A.
Centre Winnipeg—R. S. Ward.
Brandon—E. J. L. Disson, socialist.
Port Arthur and Kenora—J. Dunbar.
Welland—J. A. Hughes.
South Waterloo—Thomas HaU.
Fort   Wllllam-Bainy   Biver—Aid.   A.   H.
.  North Waterloo—Mervyn N. Smith, socialist
Hamilton East—O. J. Halcrow.
Hamilton West—Walter Rollo.
Wentworth—F. J. Flatman.
West Algoma—James Lockwood.
West Toronto—J. W. Brace.
East Toronto—John Bit*.
South Toronto—D. A. Carey.
Sontft York—J. T. Dunn.
Nipissing—. B. Harrison.
South Wellington—Lorne Cunningham, socialist.
St. Denis, Montreal—Alphonse Verville.
St. James—E. Perreault.
Hocbelaga—0. Martel.
Malsonneuve—V. A. Halley.
THB NOMINATION of aome forty
tabor ana  Socialist  candidates
throughout Canada, who, for the
firat time, will give thc electors an opportunity of voting   for    what they
want,     instead     of
LABOB choosing between tb*
CANDIDATES lesser of two evils, is
MUST TRITJMPHit good start. It is an
accomplishment that
the trades union hluvemont in particular haa much reason to be proud of.
It should havo been done years ago,
but that cannot now bc helped. It is
to be hoped that the workers will mako
amends for lost time. It is the duty
of every trade unionist, every wage-
worker in Canada, to unqualifiedly support and vote for every candidato
named in the list published nt the head
of this page. The election of a dozen
or more Labor representatives will do
more to restore democracy in Canada
than any ono thing that can be done
at present. It will make a formidable
atart for a national Labor party in
the houso of commons at Ottawa.
* * *
With such men as are in the field in
British Columbia the electors ean make
no mistake in voting for them. Whatever the workers intend to do they had
better hurry, for aftor election day,
Dec. 17, il the Borden government
ahould happen to succeed in stealing
the election, aa it undoubtedly intends
to do, tho laat vestige of freedom will
bave flown. Its minions will be instructed to rule with an iron hand.
Bussia will, in fact, have a little the
best of it, for there the workers evidently are not afraid of revolution.
Tho experiences leading up to rebellion
among the workers can best bo avoided
by the defeat of thc Borden government and tho election of thc Labor
candidates.   Let's see that this is done.
THERE seems to be   an   opinion
quite   prevalent   throughout   a
largo section of the community,
thut the state is a sort of philanthropic
or eleemosynary institution- that   hns
somehow   or   other
WHAT ABE como into existence
THE DUTIES for the purpose of
OF THE STATE? shepherding weak
souls against the
atorintt of ad verso fortune. It is frequently asserted by well-meaning persona that it is thc duty of thc stnte,
for instance, to eare for thc aged and
infirm workers who nre no longer nblc
to successfully weather the hurricane
of existence in this most glorious nge,
owing to thoir yenrs, their poverty nnd j
their decrepitude. Then again, it is ;
■assumed by many thut inasmuch us the
state not only culls upon, but often
absolutely forces its subjects to give
their service and even their lives in its
-defense or lti furtherance of its
.schemes, thut tho state, therefore, is in
•duty bourn) to make Editable prevision
for thc subsequent cure of tnoso who
muy be Incapacitated in ita service,
and for the dependents of those who
may havo sacrificed their lives in itfl
cause. Even during this eminently intellectual poriod, thiB ngo of profound
reasoning, searching analysis and keen
criticism, whon the problems of social
and industrial lifo are no longor left
to the strong arm of brutality guided
by base passion, blind prejudice, and
low ruffianism, but, aB of courso every
one knows, nro solved uy the cool and
careful judgment of painstnking diplomats of non-socrotivo inclinations,
highbrow statesmen intoxicated with
the loftiest of motives, and similnr
disciples of the higher criticism, who
how in thoir allegiance only nt thc
shrine of reason and sTiMddor most
grievously at even tlio thought of
blood, guts and gore, there aro many
who fool that the state in many ways
shirks its duty.
•:■    *     *
But the stnte is not n haven of ref-
-uge except for thoso who stand in n
position to commandeer its services. It
is not an impartial institution calculated to succor all who may bo in need.
It is an instrument to bo used, nnd
only to bo used, hy that clnss in hu-
tman society which tins control and
authority over its tnochnniBm. It is a
ruling class iw»triim!»tit„ Tf has grown
up with the ruling elsss, Jt «amc i-
existonce only with tbo advent of rulers
and ruling classes upon the stage of
human events. It can obey tho mandate of no other class.    It can servo
the purpose of no other. It owes no
other duty than that of oboying thc
mandates of tho class whoBe representative or instrument it is. To an opposing class it owes no other duty than
that of beating it into submission to
its masters and rulers.
*        * *
There is a ruling class in overy coun*
try on earth. Thoro is also a class to
be ruled. We commonly refer to tho
former as the capitalist class and to tho
latter as thc working class. Tho for-
mor is master industrially politically
aud socially. Its mastery is asserted
through the instrumentality of the
Btate, the government. The only justification for thc existence of government is to be found in the necessity
of the ruling cluss. Without it that
class could not hold its subjects, tho
onslavod workers, in subjection to rulo
and exploitation. That is tho Bole function of governmont. And it is alwayB
true to itB duty in that rospect. It
never fails to protect nnd defend tho
interests thnt are entrusted to its keeping. It always holds tho workors in
leash for exploitation at the hands of
thoir rospectivo masters. When it cnn
effect this by sophistry and thc oily
application of the philosophy of
twoodledoo, it does so, for that is tho
cheaper way and loss irritating thun
tho club. But when that failB, tho
dub, the gun, tho baybnot, and the
blistering upplicntion of the philosophy
of military and polico tweedledum is
resorted to. As the result to tho working class is the same, it makes h'.it
littlo difference which medicine is administered. The. only difference is tha
tho latter is rather Iobb pleasing in appearance to tlio slaves nnd tastes more
bitter. It also costs the masters moro
money, but as that stuff costs thom
nothing, it is nn inaignilicnnt mattor at
the heat.
Thc capitalist, or any otber ruling
clnss stnto or government owes no othor
duty to tho members of tho working
clnss than thut which individual employers or concerns owe to the Blaves
which tbey employ. That duty is confined solely to such payment in return
for tho services rendered, us tho employer is compelled by forco of cir-
cumstnncos to puy. Thoro is no duty
beyond that. Men who are governed
are men who nre enslaved. Tho governing machinery can come into existence for no other purpose than that
of seizing and holding thc enslaved
in leash to their masters or ruling class.
If government falls Into the hands of
thoBO who turn its powers in tho direction of succoring the victims of ruling
class rapacity and ruthlessuesB, that
government becomes a traitor to tho
interests and class for whose protection it was especially designed. In no
case, howovor, does a ruling class government bo far forget its duty to tho
class whose instrument, it is, aa to afford succor to thc victims of slavery,
whothor they aro brought to need
cithor through industry or war. Whenever it doea show itsolf possessed of
tho bowels of compassion to the extent
of granting some miBorablo pension or
miaorly allowance, it doos so for tho
purpose of buttressing class rule and
robbery with the props of gratitude
and servile thankfulness. There is
nothing more stimulating to loyalty
and patriotism nmong beggars than n
judicious distribution of material
crumbs of comfort among thom, properly seasoned with tho snure of smooth
phrases and oily utterances from thc
mouthpieces and thimhleriggers of tho
bestowing nuthority. But the recipients of governmental crumbs need not
solace themsolvos with tho pleasing delusion thnt any such bestowal has been
mado as n matter of duty owed. It is
merely a ruling class investment
prompted through devotion to the policy of "safety flrst."   .
* *        *
A master class state owos no duty
to exploited slaves, whether of industry or war. And by the samo token
somo might fancy that tho slaveB owe
no duty to such a Btate. As neither
rulers nor ruled will do nnything for
each other that they can avoid, there
seems to bo at least some grounds for
such an assumption. B,it there is ono
duty that every slave of capitalist
production and war owes to himself
and hia class, and that is of doing his
utmost to aid in thc gaining of control
of thc state by the working class, to
the end tbat the ruling class and its
state may bo abolished and the workers of the world may becomo free men.
Tho signs upon the social horizon indicato tho rapid upproach of such a
consummation devoutly to bc wished
by evory progressive thinkor, every
truo democrat, every advocate of
peace and liborty.
MB. SAMUEL OOMPERS bus successfully convened again.   Once
more he hus met himself faco
to face in annual convention.   He bus
grandiloquently repeated thnt  well-de-
aerved and   flutter-
THE HARDY ing appreciation of
ANNUAL himself   that    haa
BLOOMSAOAIN called forth the admiration of all lesser lights in the noble art of self-np-
praisemont at least once n year ever
Samuel diBcovered himself nnd his intrinsic worth. He hns thunderously
fulminated, noisily exploded nnd loudly
threatened, us has boen his annual nnd
in-bclweentimes habit, for a long, long
period of tihio. He has glowered
viciously upon thoso who dared to look
with dubious eye upon his professions
of profundity, who dared to raise iheir
fOOolo VOiflOs otherwise than in praise
of bis compelling sagacity, or who
dared, oven hy innuendo, to suggest
that ho was possibly not tho renl Jehovah of the lnbor universe, the Holy
Ghost of labor's awakening, nor the
Saviour of wage slavos from the wick-
od machinations of thoso who object
to paying high wages. And nfter nil
this, Mr, Gompers solemnly and most
impresBivoly ro-olccted himself to hiB
humble offico for another your, greatly
to tho delight of tho multitude thero
assembled, as woll aa to his own most
ominent satisfaction at thus having as
surod tho stability nnd safety of civi
ligation for at loust another twelve
* *        *
If there is a gathering of supposedly
sane mon upon this earth whicb might
bo termed a gathering of all that mnki
for anti-progrcBS and a wilful ropudi
tion of all fact and truth hearing upon
tho working class and its position and
future welfare in biutan society, these
gntlierings of tbe Oompers' machine
that annually pull off their their mus
(piorudes in tlio name of Labor are
surely the most farcical. That; tliOBC
gatherings uro oponly looked upon by
the powers that bo, as perfectly legitimate adjuncts and aids to the regular
schemes nnd processes of capitalist civilization and that not only do these
gatherings, the result of their deliberations and thc attitude therein assumed
upon behalf of Labor, moot with tho
approval of the baneful Interests that
fatten and batten upon human slavery,
is amply proven by the approving fill
SUNDAY, Dec, 2—Steam Shovel
und Dredgemen, Moving Picture Oporators, Bartenders,
Saw Filers' Association.
..MONDAY, Dec. 3—Boiler Mnkers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Tailors, United
WurehouBemen's Association.
TUESDAY, Dec. 4—Butcbora and
Moat Cutters, Amalgamated
Carponters, Shoo Workora,
Cigar Makers, Ruilway Firemen, Retail Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5—Press
Feeders, Plasterers, Tile Layers, Metal Trades Council,
Teamsters and Chauffeurs,
Brewery Workors.
THURSDAY, Dec. O-Garmont
Workers, Trades nnd Labor
Council, Machinists (flarngo-
FRIDAY, Dec. 7—Ruilway Cur-
men, Pile Drivers nnd Wooden
Bridgebuilders, Civic Employeos, Haiders, Lottor Carriers.
minutioiis of thc press and the showering of verbal bouquets of sickening
flattery upon Gompers and his satellites
in this opera bouffe of dull lethargy
and blind reaction. And lot it not be
forgotten that thc press of capitalism
novor yot was known to boost for a
cause that was detrimental to capitalist
interests, nor sing songs of prniBC to
any person or nggregation of thehi
whose attitudo and weapons in any
manner threatened thoso intorests. That
thc attitude of Mr. Gompers and his
machino meotfi with the ununimous approval of the press aud politicians of
capitalism, is quite sufficient to measure hiB and itB exact worth to tho
causo of Labor. No man or organization that in any way was a monnco to
tho power of the master class, ever yot
received such approval.
While The Federationist believes
thut much in thc tactics and teachings
of the I. W. W. is unsound and not in
lino with au intelligent conception of
capitalist civilization nnd the position
of the working class within it, this
papor nevertheless feels bound to acknowledge, thnt the very fact that the
W, W. is bitterly attacked by all
thc agencies of capitalism and ruthlessly suppressed and its members
jailed, maltreated and even murdered,
whilo at tho same time, fulsome flattery is poured out, upon tho heads of
Gompors and his lieutenants, their policy commended nnd unproved) their
loynlty nnd devotion lnuded to the
skies und even the president of tho
United Statos goea out of his way to
express his love and admiration for
them and his grent satisfiustio because
of their splendid efforts along tho line
of furthering the schemes and aspirations of the master class, affords the
most scathing commentary upon the
reactionary und dangerous chnracter of
the latter and the moat omphalic affirmation of the progressive and forward tendencies of tho former, that
could bo required. No further ovidonce
is necessary to show which comes the
nearer to being worthy to bo termed
a Labor movement, and which one
stands condemned us an obstacle in the
pathway of human progress. It would
lie interesting to know how much long-]
er thnt hnrdy old annunl will bo able
tn bloom. It ia high time thnt it was
cut out und a litle progressive thought
injected into thnt which has so long
masqueraded as u Labor movement.
Thc end of thia war will tet light into
many a hitherto dark placo. Porhaps
it will even penetrate some of tho dark
and gloomy caverns inhabited by the
crawling, creeping and slimy crontures
of reaction. And whnt consternation
thero will be in those gloomy enverns
then, for there is nothing that will so
frighten the creatures of darkness as
u little light.   Much of it kills them.
Premier Borden recently enjoyed tho,
tu him, somewhat novel experience of
being denied the right to nddresa 'an
audience which hnd gathered nt n meeting arranged for him in Kitchener,
Ont. Thc premier was quito peeved be-
auae he was bawled down and thus
denied a hearing. He declared that
tho affair wns prenrranged nnd thc
meeting was broken up by organized
hoodlums recruited for the purpose.
While thc premier is entitled to the
sympathy of all fair-minded citizens, it
might be remembered by some, that
when organized hoodlums, some of whom
nt least were wearing the military uniform, were breaking up socinlist and
antl-conscription meetings, not mnny
months since, no protest was heard to
arise against such actions from either
the premier or any of the interests that
are hacking him in his " win-the election" campaign. If the people of Cnnada were really awake tn one-hnlf of
the infamy he and the interests thnt
he represents hnve already perpetrated
and contemplate perpetrating, neither
he nor his fellnw-stntesinen would be
givon a hearing iu any district in the
Dominion. It is quite fitting that he
or they who would deprivo othors of
thoir rights and liberties should tike-
wise lose their own. And mighty littlo
sympathy will they get when it happens.
Buy governmont bonds. Buy them
for cash if possible. If not, buy them
upon tho instalment plan. Buy them
any way you can. But bo suro and buy
thom. Keep on buying until you havo
enough thua invested to ennblo you to
live without work. If each and every
ono does so, it will only bc a matter
of time until wc cun ull live in thnt
wny and there will then be no more
miserable quarrels about jobs, wages,
high prices and other similnr sordid
mutters, It is so simple thnt the wonder of it is that we never caught en
to it before. It wns the "liberty
bond" and "victory bond" campaign
thnt flrst called tho attention nf The
Federationist to the simplicity of tho
matter. The more rapidly its circulation increases the sooner will we ho
able to secure the amount nf bonds
requisite to attain the victory over our
ancient enemy, wnrk, nnd the liberty to
gambol joyously in the green fields pf
an Elysium thai knows no sweat, And
the snme pleasurable fate awaits all
who possess tho wisdom to purchase
victory or liberty tickets to the green
Holds of great joy,
Olympia Cigars Unfair
"Prussian Kultur" Tries to
Make Drive Against
/ Democracy
In Its Thirst for Blood and
Gore Military Beast
Will Not Down
ByW . Francis Ahern.
SYDNEY, N.S.W., No. 7.—(Special to
The Pedorationlst)—At the time of writ-
log there Is every reason to believe that
In the near futuro another attempt will
lie made to Introduce conacription Into
Australia. The conscriptionist advocates
and newspapers arc Imsy whipping up
enthusiasm as a means towards forcing
the government to take action, while
the government has announced thnt tt
will shortly consider the military sltua^
tlon and Its position In view of the recent happenings on the Hussion and
Italian fronts.
lulled to Sleep Again.
Although the Australian people defeat
ed conscription by a large vote in October, ID 16, thc people were soon lulled
Into peaceful security again by the government. Protestations were made that
conscription would never lie again spoken
of lu Australia. Politicians gave pledges,
and although the Australian Labor parties warned the people thut the advocates
for conscription could not be trusted
and were only giving these pledges in
order to secure re-election ln the elections, the people did not think lt worth
while to take the advice. Thus when
the politicians who tried to introduce
conscription Into Australia last year
came again before the Australian people
for re-election early In 1917 they gave
certain pledges which the people accepted nnd re-elected them, defeating thc
lahor party that had saved them from
conscription only a few months liefore.
The pledge given hy the conscriptionist
politicians was to the effect that so long
as the national safety was not In danger,
or so long as the Allied armies didn't
meet with a crushing reverse, conscrip-
tloa would never be mentioned, and In
any case, they promised thut If It was
again mentioned, It would he put to thc
people In the same way that It had been
put previously—by referendum.
Finding an Excuse.
.last as the Labor Party had stated at
the elections that the conscrlptlonlsts
could not be trusted, aad that they would
seek to re-Introduce conscription at thc
ilrst opportunity, so we have today an
Insistent demand for Its Introduction.
Indeed the government had already announced that shortly It will seriously
consider the mattar. The excuse is that
the falling out of Ttossia aad the crushing defeat sustained by the Italian armies supplies the thing wanted to ensure
the matter of conscription being revived
In Australia. On the other hand the
Labor party says It ts not wanted nnd
as before, they state they wilt tight It
and maybe defeat It. All this could have
been snved had the people only elected
the Labor party to office, pledged against
conscription in any shape or form, Instead of electing the very men who are
pledged to conscription among the various private societies tbey are members
Proving by Flgorei.
The AilBtraiiali Minister for Defence,
in a speech at Sydney (Australia), lias
supplied llgurcs and facts which the
Labor party asserts proves that conscription Is uot needed. He told how under
the voluntary system, Australia has raised 1(80,000 men—to uso*his own words:
"An army of which any country might
feel proud." When you come to consider
tbnt this army has heen raised oat of
a population of under 5,0110,000—-which,
ll' you take them as 1,000,000 women, and
three of a family (average)—another
3,000,000, leaves but 1,000,000 men, It Is
Indeed an army of which nny country
might Teel proud. But here, In AustraUa.
as ln otber countries, we bave some persons who will not rest content till every
man Is out bf tho country, and all that
are left arc old age pensioners or occupants nf bnth-chalrs.
Hai Don* Wonders.
Australia has doae wonders la this
war. We have C> divisions in active service at the front (10,000 men), a mount-
id division ia service la Egypt and Palestine, aviation corps on the West front
and ln Mesopotamia, wireless units in
India, cud miners, engineers, tunnellers,
railway units, navvies behind the tiring
lines; munition workers, laborers, chemists, etc., In the munition works of England, ns well as our Navy attached to tlie
British fleet, and our garrisons In the
captured Oerman Pacific possessions.
Then we have oar ships at the service
of England, while much help has been
ihine In the wny of xenillng product! to
the front and to the Allies from the
country Itself—such as mea*-, wheat,
wool, metals, guns, etc, We have, according to the Minister of Defence, 16.-
000 men In camp here, and our casualties to date have heen 109,000 losses in
killed CiS.noni wounded, missing, sick,
and others. The Australian armies hnve
been in 47 different battles of import-
November 30,
ance, and have gained over 6,000 decorations.    This is our record.
By Beferendum?
The Minister of Defence has stated
that if conscription is to be introduced
it can only be introduced by referendum
of the people as before, but unfortunately all the other members of the Hughes-
Cook government do not hold that view.
If that were the predominant view there
would be little fault to flnd with it,
since at least it is democratic. The Labor party feel that if it were submitted
to the people in that form it could easily
be defeated, just as it was last year.
But, there are many members of the
Australian government who state that
to put it before the people in the form
of a referendum would be to lose time
and that ns time is the essence of everything, even conscription, lt should be
rushed through parliament without the
people having anything to day on it. The I
somewhat naive suggestion is made that
as the people elected conscription lets j
(who, by the way, signed pledges against
introducing conscription as outlined '
abovo), tbey should abide by what these
conscrlptlonlsts might do in parliament,
To Sort the Animals.
There Is a section of busy-bodies, led
by a man who would not be called
for service even If conscription wero tbe
law In Australia, who arc howling for
conscription of everybody without a referendum, They demand that parliament should pass a bill and conscript
everybody between the ages of 20 aud
state that tlie eligibles among the men
should be picked out and sent to the
front nad those not til for active servico employed In avocations In Australia
under military law. This, of course, is
just pure Industrial conscription, and
dou'itlcHS there ure some who would
like to see tt even la Australia. Agninst
tbls, of course, tbe full weight of organised trndes unionism would tight to
the death In Australia.
Why Bflcxoltlng Fell Off.
It has been stated that en Hutment 8
have lately fallen ln Australia below
that of tho casualties in the field. Whether this so or not, Is not known, other
than the statement issued by the Australian Minister of Defence, and while
tlicrc Is no reason to believe that it is
not correct, people In Australia have got
to taking announcements of this kind
very charily. But If enlistments have
fallen to below that of the losses In the
field ft should be stated that tbe capitalists of Australia are alone responsible
for it. They have raised dissension in
Austrnlin from one end to the othor in
an endeavor to throttle and strangle .the
workers hy the introduction of the-Infamous Taylor Card System early in July
last. It Is admitted hy the various recruiting committees that up till this
time when there was some semblance of
Industrial quiet everything was going
well, but since the strike, recruiting has
become disorganized. But if this shows
anything at all it shows that, as in past
wars, all recruiting must be coming from
the ranks of the workers and not from
the ranks of the idle rich, else they
would have been recruiting just the
same—strike or no strike.
At the time of writing there is much
speculation as to what the Australian
government will do in the matter of conscription. All wc are permitted to know
is that tbey meet shortly to "consider
It." What their answer will be remains
to be seen, and till then, wc are in the
lap of the Gods.
Come to Our Christmas Opening
On Saturday, Decembor 1st, wo will celebrate our annual
Christmas opening. Our fine store, not excellod for beauty
anywhere on thc continent, will bo at its very Beat. Come
and view our Christmaa decorations and enjoy the special
music. EVERYONE ia welcome, and in viewing our various
displays you will not bo solicited to purchase.
Special Music in the Afternoon and Evening
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man, Dir. Granville St.
All Same Canada.—Tlie poor mystified
public sees no way of escaping the extra
tribute; it goes to bed o' nights like
Robert Louis Stevenson, with hut half
of a broken hope for a pillow; lu the
morning courage comes again, and It bas
a pennyworth of Harmsworth's enst wind
for empty bellies—Hussion Steam Rollers, German starvation, Huns surrendering freely, digging 'em out like rats,
Turkey giving up, Houmanla's Knock out
Blow, Austria in disruption, eat a loaf
less nnd the Hun in beaten, German gold
on the Clyde or Mouth Wales, Bolos by
the dozen—any and every variety of
flatulence. Prices rise and foodstuffs
disappear from the markets; tell them
that a frozen-faced Irish lawyer has
conquered the "submarine menace" A
food famine Is courageously met by
throwing more grain and sugar to the
brewers; a milk shortage Is warded off
not by breeding thousands of four-legged
goats, but by ticketing and Indexing two-
legged Ones; potatoes, which are plentiful are artificially raised la price, wheat
which Is scarce, is subsidized and cheapened; the cost of the war becomes alarming, so the Government proposes to prospect for petroleum, paying for all damage and disturbance, und giving landlords Od. n gallon of royalty on any nil
streams discovered running below the
surface of the landlord's earth; tonnage
Is scarce, but wc can find ships to send
cement to Holland; Capitalism in money,
In coal, In machinery, while the nation
is fighting for Its life, solidly Intrenches
itself, strengthens itself, raises its rate
of Interest and profit, secures Palm Oil
oiicessions, uud has returned to it a
generous proportion of Its excess profits
tnx to expend upon plant.
To whisper peace, tbe most Immediate
interest of civilized man. Is to he suspected of some devilish German plot.
And so we enter upon the winter of
Charter for Bakers.
The newly-organtzcd Bakers' local has
received its International charter from
Chicago. Tbe local Is in splendid shape
all round and stnrts off with some fifty
enthusiastic members.
Special  Meeting  Shipyard  Helper*.
The Shipyard Helpers' local was unable to complete all the business before
It at Its last meeting and a special meeting has been culled for next Tuesday
night at  Labor temple.
Admiration Cigars Unfair.
Labor's Fighting Campaign Fund
Cut out thu nlmve, fill In your name nnd addrrm and the amount you are willing
tu contribute to tho campaign fund of tlie 1). G. Federation of Labor, and forward
with encloHiire to Tht B. C. Fatlerntioiiiut, Laber Temple, Vaneouvar, B. O. Thu
amount* will he acknowledged from week lo week and forwarded w tha B. 0. V. of L
treasurer to be uied In securing the election of Federation candldatea on Deo. 17tb
to the federal limine of commona.   Thoro in no time to lone.   Do It today.
£•■& Rfhertdon     $1.00   Karl Sheldon, Headquartera, B. 0. ..    18.80
P, W. Bishop, HUhupa Landing    1,00   R, Davey, Nanalmo B0
A aymimthlior -    8,00   T.   Taggart    „     8.00
Jack McKinnon    fl.00   Eflward Kelloy, Oreenway flonad      S.00
'j»e*   Downle       3,00    W. J. McCoy, Oreenway Soui_, B. f.   1.00
Liberal Candidate
Vancouver South
Meetinga next week:
Monday, December Srd, Queen Mary School,
lth Ave. and Imperial Street.
Monday, December   Srd,   Kitchener  School,
24th and Blenheim Street,
Tuesday,   December   4th,   Gordon   School,
51st Ave. and Knight Road.
Wednesday,   December   6th,   Laurier   Olub,
Main Street and 46th Ave.
Thursday, December 6th, Tecumseh School,
43rd Ave. and Victoria.
Friday, December 7th, Shaughnessy School,
24th Ave. and Oak Street.
| Advt.]
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering,   plcot edging,  pleating, niching, embroidery, hommlng,
653 Granville St. 1310 Douglas St.
Phone Sey. 3191 Phone 1160
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics,
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
J. Edward Sean     Offlce: Say. 4146
Btrriiteri, Solicitors, Conveyancer*, Etc.
Vlctorli ud ViacoaTBr
Vtneoover Offloe: 516*7 Roger. Bldg
J. PHIU.IPS  0 OO., Agent.
Phono 6116 1288 Himllton
Opposite Labor Temple
—Hetdqutrtere for Ltbor Men—
Bete.—76c Hnd 1,1.uu nor day.
12.50 per week and up.
Oefe tt Botsontble Kttes
Phone Seymour 7109
Third   Floor,   World   Building
—Thp only TTnlon Shop In Vencouvor—
BAinK of
Assets ....
... 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a* great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oornw Hastings and Gambia SU.
TheBaakof British North America
EtubUihod la 1938
Branehee throughout  Oenada  and   at
String! Department
O. N. STAGEY, (Manager
Oranvllle and Pender
Don't stow away your spare
cash in auy old corner where it ii
in danger from burglars or Are.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and wtll give you fall
banking servioe, whether your ae*
count la large or amall.
Interest allowed on saving, de*
W. O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oanall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up , 0 12,911,000
Rcsorve Funds    14,824,000
Total Assets   287,000,000
410 branches In Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., or wliich 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open in account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal. FBIDAY...
..November 80, 1917
Would You Turn Your
Back on Q
a $5 Bill i
Yet that's exactly what you will be doing if
you miss this special offer. In order to test
whether you read our advertisement or not, we
will give to every perpon ordering a Suit or
Overcoat during the week commencing December 1st to 8th, inclusive, a
The only condition Is that you prosont a clipping of this advertisement at the time of purchase, and to sweep away all possiblo doubts, have, your price Ixod boforo presenting it.
This firm does not believe in fake sales, neither docs it make
any promise that cannot be redeemed.
The usual well-known quality woollens and superb workmanship
nro put into theso Suits and Overcoats. We employ efficient Union
craftsmen. We guarantee yon a perfect fit, We will cheerfully refund your money If wa cannot satisfy you ln every particular.
Men's Suits from . . .
Men's Overcoats from
Ladies' Suits from . .
Ladies' Coats from . .
$30 to $45
$27 to $40
$32 to $47
$30 to $42
B. C. Tailoring Co.
Union Shop
128 HASTINGS STREET EAST     Established 1910
Liberals for Liberty
Major Ramsay
Is a Returned Soldier, and the
Liberal Candidate for
Westminster District
Every Working Man in Westminster District should
Vote for v
Major Ramsay
| Advt.]
Rainy Day
beet for goneral streot wear,
you buy a boot that has no superior in Canada.
You got a boot that dofioB tho
worst woather conditions—a boot
built for COMFORT ond WEAR,
yet tt boot thnt novor sacrifices
the necessary eloniont of style.
MADE in Vancouver by Vnncouvor workmen, you aro nssurod
ef QUALITY FIRBT, always,
<At your favorite dealer's)
I Before
When you buy coffee in a
tin container, yon have to
pay for that container.
Empress Coffee
We aro packing Empress
Coffee in double-lined sanitary weatherproof bags-
gives the same protection as
the can and enables us to
sell it at .
40c per lb.
The coffee comes un-
ground—that makes it fresh
ground when you buy it—
your grocer will grind it for
If you're not satisfied, your
grocer will give your money
Funeral of a Weil-Known
Printer and Miner Takes
Place  Yesterday
Thero paaaed nwny, after several
weeks' illness, at St. Paul's hospital,
on Saturday afternoon, Nov. 24, Ivan
Brostrom, 50 years of ago. Ho waB a
native of Sweden mid arrived at New
York nbout 25 years ngo. For several
years ho followed his trnde as printer
in thc Unitod Stntes aud British Columbia, coming to Vancouver in 1912,
and joining tho staff of the Daily Sun.
Aftor aorving seven years' apprenticeship on his father's paper, the Worrn-
land Allebaudn, ono of the oldest and
foremoat daily pnpers in Sweden, he
loft that country and haa travelled extensively all over tho world. Ho spent
about ton years in Alaska and hnd boen
very successful iu his mining operations there. He wns interested in somo
wry promising B. 0. mining properties
at the time of his death. In the year
1913, hia father, mother and ono sister
died. Ho leaves to mourn hia loss a
sister who atill publishes the paper iu
hia native land; a brother, in business
at Buenos Ayros, S. A.; a widow, who
is ill at San Francisco, and a nine-year-
old son. Tho lato Ivan Brostrom, whose
frienda were legion, was alwayB of a
aanguine and hopeful disposition and
generous to n fnult. The funeral was
held under the uuapicca of Typographical union, No. 226, nnd waa largely attended. The sorvico took place in the
chnpel of Center & Han mi's undertaking parlors. It was conducted by Chas.
A. Lnzenby, tkooRophlst, tho deceasod
being a member of that sect. Tho disposition of the body took place nt the
Mountain View crematorium.
Company Still Stubbornly
Refuses to Grant the
Eight-Hour Day
Men Equally Stubborn in
Refusing to Return to
Work Without It
TBAIL, B. C, Nov. 26.—Tho strike
iB Btill on and tne men are firm in their
demand for the eight-hour day. All
the unions are confident that success
will all to their lot. Several efforts
have beon made to try to get the two
parties together to discuBs the matter
under dispute, but the management of
the smelter refuses to even confer. The
local board of trado offeree; their aer-
but the effort proved of no avail. Then
but the effort proved of no aval. Then
we have the associated bearers of trade
from the Kootenay offering inelr endeavors to try to get one of the two
parties to concede a Uttle ground in
order to bring about tho desired aet*
tlement of the strike,
Tho various mines aro closing down,
causing more and more depression,
whilo the attitude of the management
of the smelter is to remain firm and
not give way.
The statement of the numerous politicians that these industries must be
kept running'to produco the requirements for the prosecution of the war,
seems to be false, by tho look of things
around Trail. Hero wo are with the
mining industry and the smelter in the
Hat of non-producers while there is the
crying demand that metals and muni*
tions are very badly needed. What Ib
the matter with that institution called
'' governmont!'' We t&onght that
"government" was there to insure tbo
maximum output of these products so
essential. It looks as if the officials of
tho government are powerless to act
against the wishes of the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting company. The
fact that these officials that are there
to administer for the people (so we
are led to believe) and are lying back
and doing nothing, is very convincing
to one, that instead of being "administrators" for the, common good, are
aimply tools for the big corporations.
It will be greatly appreclatefl Vy the
average worker and voter at this election to know that tho Liberal government of this province, and tho "Conservative-Unionist" ministry of the
federal house are doing nothing for
tho 1500 strikers who went out for tho
eight-hour day.
We have word that tho whole bunch
of tho political parties are desirous
thnt tho Btrike should be sottled at once.
Woll, what is tho matter with themf
Why not say to tho Consolidated Co.,
that it is imperative for the industry
to start up againf Or why not aay
that tho Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Co. can defy tho government!
It is no use the governmont lying idly
by watching a few men tie up the mining industry of the Kootenay. The
quostion under dispute is the eight-
hour day, and for the govornment to
lay back and do nothing ia only demonstrating ita uselcssness to the work-
'Ihe Call of the East'
Nothing could be more appropriate than a native Japanese actor in this story of
the Land of the Mikado. See
Sessue Hayakawa in this tale
of Oriental romance, mystery and vindication.
"Fatty" Arbuckle in
"Oh, Doctor!"
Transcontinental Road Shows
4- BIG ACTS- 4
15c and 20c
Children—Always 6c
ers of Canada. Someone suggested
that the parties submit the dispute to
a board of conciliation. What is there
to conciliate about! Surety not the
oight-hour dayi and especially when
it concerns only about 450 men; It Is
evon in the interests of the Consolidated Co. to grant it. It is probable
that the atrike will be over this week
with the eight-hour day established at
tho smelter, A little more life is needed from tho mlniatora of the governments of the day. Officials of tbe
government, get busy!
Poit Moody, loco and Coquitlam tre In
Westminster district. Tbere being no Labor
nominee in that riding. Labor men -should
vote for the Liberal candidate, Major Ramsay. •*•
Oarabana Cigars Unfair.
"Tippy-Yip-Yip'•-- Tho    Great*
Play of the West
"Where the
Trail Divides"
Sea the Oreat Watt aa lt used to bo
Cowboys, Indians, Western Olrla,
Frontier Characters
Woven into a love atory that
teems with a breath of tho Weat
that ia* no more.
Don't  miss thla great thrilling
Order Yonr Seats Now
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
and hii Scotch Lada aad Laitiia
ln "For Pltjr'i Sake"
HatUiM Frlcai:   16c, SOe, SOe, SSe.
Evening Price.:   16c, 30e, 40e, SSe, SOe
2:30, 7 and 8     Oan. Adm. 18c and 30c
Should be in the home of
every mania II IN Y0UE8?
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
Nota-Soed BaUini,   lb  lie
So.nm.id Raliina, 2  lba.  ale
Orang*L_d Lemon Peel, lb. — lie
Shelled Almond.,   lb  Ble
Shelled W.luuti, lb  . Me
De.*ecat.d Cocoanut,   n -. SOe
Large Prune., lb   lie
Canadian Cheene, lb   SOe
Mince Heal, 2 lbe. (or  Ue
Flneat No. 1 Alberta Batter, 1 lba.
for       lie
Alberta Special Butter, S lba. IMS
Fin.it Fare lard, a lba. for ...... Ne
Slater'. Tea,  lb  :. Me
131 Hastings Bt Eaat    tax. SM
330 Oranvllle St      Say. em
3214 Main Stnet.    Fait. UU
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lathee
and Doea Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In Britlah Colombia
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi Btrtet Waat
They «t lha 8-Ht btt of worksum-
hip fa tha bicycle world;  8 different
moduli Ib variety of colon.
Prlow Urn fal.BO to IU.K, ao
•My paymanta tf It-tret.
"Thr Pioneer Dloyela Store "
aie How at.    -ia -U-tton ti w.
Trades tnd Labor Council.
Friday, December 2, 1892
A. J. Hancock (Amalgamated Carpenters) seated as delegate, vice Thos. Masters, resigned.
Labor paper commtttoe roported.
Delegate Lundy (tailors) stated his
union would send u letter to city council
ro transient trades.
F. P. BiBhop Dan O'Dwyer and Goo.
Walker appointed a committee re
painting hospital floor.
The proposod dry dock schemo was
Tho painters wanted two clauses
udded to municipal labor platform,
namely, (1) that nine hours shall constitute a day's work; (2) dealing with
bathing beach.
Tho Building Laborers ndoptod tho
wholo platform.
Payment of ahlornien wns supported
by United Carpenters.
At the Empreia.
The sdflhofl of th'.' great western play
"When* tho Trail Divides," are laid in tho
town of Coyote, South Dakota, during
ii   time   when   It    was    a    typical    frontier
village. Cowboys. ■ (ramblers, western
Klrls, Indians lind otlier frontier character^ are Interwoven into a remarkable
story that fairly teems with western
atinostpheiT, and a pretty love romance
Ih Just prominent eiimiKh tliroUROUt to
round out the perfect western picture.
Don't miss this great Cowboy play, Order your seats now *••
RICHARDSON wishes to thank the Vancouver public for the
rousing reception his opening sale was accorded and in appreciation thereof he-announces a list of specials that cannot fail to
bring out large numbers of those whom we did not have the
pleasure of meeting during the first week.
Admiration Oifars Unfair.
Ladies' Lace and Button Boon,
nil    leather.     Values   to  J7.00.
Si__ $3.65
Ladies' Boots, patents and gunmetal leathers; sizes 2% to _
♦COO values to £n QC
clear at  «p__i.«70
Ladies' Novelty and Dress Boots,
mahogany, brown; white tops,
black and grey tops; made by
the beBt makers.    $12.00  values
_____ $7.65
Boys' Box Calf Lace Boon,
sizes up to 5. Bogular $4.50 sh.**-
tO SOll *Q   I e
for <pOe IO
Boys' Lace Boots, sizos up to 5;
to clear at, **|   Qfi
per pair 	
Men's   Box   Calf   Lace   Boots,
blucher cut, every pair guaranteed. ♦'t.OO valucB
Men'a Boots, Slater mako; velour
calf, loathor lined, heavy solo.
$0.00 values *E fit
to clear at  tpv.VU*
Men'a Antiseptic Boote, made
with heovy wet-proof soles, leather lined; will outwear two pairs
of   ordinary   boots,   ond   worth      I
$10.00. our get*     */j oe    m
acquainted price «pO.O_-
Whenever and Wherever Richardson Starts Something
Men's Pelt House Slippers, made with leather
covered soles. To clear,
This is a sale of numerous lines of Shoei for Men, Women and Children, and
among these you'll find some of the most remarkable valuei that were ever
offered to you. It is a noteworthy fact that these are not bargain shoes aB
soon in large quantities at those periodical shoo Niiles Beemingly made for the
purpose. But every shoe offered is new, clean, and reliable, whieh means a
safe shoe to buy; fully guaranteed and good value nt tho original prices.
Girls' and Misses' (lun-
motal Button and Lace
Boots,   to   cTenr   from
$1.75 to $2.45
Ladies'  Vlcl Kid High-top Kid
Lace Boots,    mado with woltod
soles and Cuban   heels.   $12.00
Men's Tan Lace Boots,   mado
with   woltod  soles,   roccdo toe.
$11.00 values
Richardson's Shoe Store
Two Doors East of the Postoffice
Ladles' Felt-trimmed Juliet Slif*
pors, in colors. d»1   Cf_
To clenr nt, pnir *p A .D O
Ladies' Patent Leather Lace and
Button Sport Boots, with maite
and canary buck tops; very
■mart.    Regular $0.00 nnd tDM
FBIDAT. November M, MIT
Coats of Distinction for
Young Men are Here
at $17.50 to $25
We are "in big" with coats such as wo havo outlined, having planned
t/j do a good half of ojr business on those lines. Thoy have all of that
appealing snap to them that young mon want. Thoy aro distinctive and
something moro thun just a warm extra wrap that will hoop a man warm.
They aro horo, too, at prices young men can pay.   Instanco these:
$17.60 for a coat in medium light groy-tweed, satin yoke lining, plain
collar, vortical pockets, buttoning through.
$22.60 for a sporty mixed brown, shoulder lined, volvet collar, turned
cuffs, patch pockets.
$20.00 for a dark grey plaid tweed coat with self collar, shoulder lined
and patch flap pockets.
$20.00 for a medium grey, black and white, tweod coat, witb velvet collar, turned cuff and patch flapped pockets.
$20.00 for a dark brown plaid friozo coat with velvet collar and patch
flap pockets,
$26.00 for a good full woight coat ia flared style with raglan shoulder,
slash pockets,
NOTE: AU tbo above coats are in the short three-quarter length, 46
aid 48 inches lo/ig.
For the Men Who Want Heavier Coats
We havo all the variety they are likely to ask, including a "corking
good" black melton with velvet collar. It wo.ild bo quite impossible to
duplicate this coat today at the price. Also heavy tweedB in all tho
wanted colorings—full length coats, full lined, with storm collars for
men who want warm coats for driving, motoring, etc., $16.00 to $30.00.
A grey chinchilla youth's sizo, with belted back, price $17.60.
Full length grey chinchilla coat, belted back, price $22.60.
We will gladly show you any or all of the coats mentioned.
—Men's Storo, Main Floor, y
Be kind to your teeth-it pays
THE person who iB kind to—takes proper caro of—thoir teeth ia amply
rewarded. That person enjoys the solid comfort whieh only those
with good teeth have—freedom from pain and trouble from that source—
knowledge thut-the countenance is not disfigured by unsightly teeth—
assurance as to the safeguarding of the general health at a weak point,
. I will be glad to meet you and ahow you why and how lt pays you to
be kind to your teeth.  Oome to my offlce and consult me.
X-Bay fllmi taken If _ecu
Hirjr;    10-year   guarantees
Examinations   made   oa
phona appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Speciallat
603 Haatinga Street Weat, Cor. Seymour
Open TaticUyi and Fridays until 8 p.m.
The Sign USE
Lard     .   Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
"Royal Standard" Flour
—is without exception the most popular BREAD
FLOUR in Western Canada. Milled specially for
household use. Great rising power. More loaves
to the pack. Made from No. 1 Canadian Hard
Wheat. • Absolutely uniform, year in and year out.
"Wflid &pse" Pastry Flour
—for delicious Pies, Cakes, Tarts, and the many
appetizing pastries you use on your table. Requires
less shortening.
"WILD ROSE".FLOUR is sold to you under a strict
money-back guarantee.
(Ask for them at your grocer's today)
Baby's Xmas Gift-a Shaw baby carriage
Be a sport thin year, givo baby something
good and practical'—nomothlng you will alwayB romemhor in tlio years to come—a
Shaw baby carriage—A genuine mad.-in-
H. C. car timt will provide ample gafoty and
comfort and protection from all woathora
when bnby goes out.
Remember, too, this ia a gift for Mother.
Think lt ovor—decido—then come ia and
reserve your car and we'll deliver at XMAS.
Ten, we aell dolls' ears—made la tar fac-
tery here.
Shaw's Baby Cars
<<-. B. Shaw It Co.)
9M ROBSON BT.      Opp. Court Houie
Descriptive    Illustrated    catalogue post freo to any address.
Progressive Thought Still
Dominates the Labor
Rapid and Healthy Growth
Shown During Year
Just Passed
The thirty-seventh annual oonvention
of tho American Federation of Labor
has been in session at Buffalo, N. Y,,
having convened on tho 12th. Hereafter tha annual conventions will be
hold in May, instead of November. In
the reports of officers. Just to hand,
Secretary-Treasurer P. M, Drapor of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
makes tho following report, covering
tho Labor situation in Canada, as an
integral part of the A. F. of L.;
Having regard for tho war conditions in Canada and the heavy enlistments for military servico from the
ranks of organizod labor, the Canadian
labor movoment can justly feel proud
of the record of tho past year. Returns
received by tho federal department of
Labor show that organized labor had,
at thc end of 1016, recovered most of
the loss in membership reported for the
two preceding years, and while the statistics for 1917 havo not been compiled,
tho officials of international unions can
testify to the steady increase in membership in their respective organizations. Exception may have to be made
with reference to the building trades
whero the membership has been maintained at very little abovo that of 1916.
During 1914 and 1915 the membership
decline was 32,456 and 134 local
branches had disappeared; a membership of 175,799 at tho close of 1913 fell
to 143,343 at the end of 1915. For the
year 1916, notwithstanding tho Iobs of
41 local branches,- the membership increased by 17,064, making a total of
160,407. The year saw much activity
among the officials of labor organizations in an effort to arrest the decline
in trado union membership, and progress
in the better organized districts was recorded by the metal, clothing and railroad trades. The building trades, which
1914 had 18.9 of the total trnde
union membership, had been, in 1916,,
reduced to 9.4, while tho railroad employees, with 24.9 in 1914, had increased to 30.fi in 1916. While there haB
been a gain in trade union membership
in the Dominion, recruiting from tho
ranks of organized labor has continued,
and thc total since the outbreak of the
war has reached figures representing
an army of no small dimensions. One
thousand two hundred and eighty-four
local unions reported 21,599 enlistments
inte the declaration of the war; alsi
593 British reservists rejoined their regiments.
Daring the year 1917 thore has been
general domands for increases in wages
and through the power of the organized
workmen substantial increases have
been granted. One remarkable instance
of the benefit of organization has been
shown by tho Brothorhood of Commercial Telegruphors. Until tho yenr 1917
the Great Northwestern Tolegraph company has successfully resisted the attempts of this organization to organize
their employees nnd very little progress
hnd been made in the effort to increase
tho wages of tho operators and other
employees of tho company. In the
month of August, howovor, a board of
investigation and conciliation was appointed, under the provisions of the Industrial Disputes and Investigation Act,
for the purpose of investigating the demands mado by the employees for
higher wages, shorter hours and improved working conditions. The chairman
of the bonrd, with the representatives
of the employees, brought down an
award favorable to the employees, the
representative of the company dissenting. Tho company refused to nccopt
the award and the employeos decided to
strike to enforce thc mnjority report
of thc investigators and conciliators.
The employees were only out a day
when tho ministor of Labor began to
use government pressure, for a few
days, but inside of a woek yielded to
the government's mandate that the
award mast be accepted and the employees were advised to return to work.
This advice was not given, however,
until President Konencamp, and the
memberB of tho strike committee associated with him in directing the fight,
were satisfied that every striker would
be reinstated in his or hor former position. Thia victory for tho Commercial
Telegraphers was a distinct triumph for
organized labor and the year's gain for
tho memberB of the Canadian organizations of commercial telegraph operators
was more than $215,000.
The Toronto Strike
Another evidence of the benefits accruing to the workors through 'organization was the victory of the members of
the Toronto Union of Streot and Elec-.
trical Bailway employees. Despite the
voluntary increase of 2% cents an hour
given by the company to assist them in
gotting mon to operate their cars tho
union demanded another incrense of 10
conts an hour nt tho expiration of their
agreement in June, 1017, Efforts were
mado by the committee of the union to
reach a settlement of the demands made
upon the company with the president and
management of the corporation. After
weeks of negotiation a satisfactory settlement had not been reached, and although the efforts of the chief magistrate of tho city were directed to avert
a strike, about 2000 mon went out on
strike and completely tiod up the street
oar service for two days and a half. At
tho end of tho two days the cabinet
ministers of the Ontario provincial government had brought pressure to bear
upon, the company and woro the means
ef hnving on offer of fl cents an hour
submitted to the mon for acceptance,
the understanding being that this advance would bo subject to the decisions
of a board of investigation and conciliation under tho Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, which would go thoroughly into the demands of tho men.
Theso demands not only included an increase in wages of 10 cents nn hour, but
other demands for overtime rates and
shortor working hours. Tho men accepted tho 6 cents an hour tentatively,
and returned to work. A bonrd of in*
investigation nnd concilialion was nppointed und in a majority report awarded the mon nnother cent nn hour increase, making tho award 7 cents instead of 6 cents an hour. This incrense
udded to tho 2% cents voluntarily given
by the compnny, mado tho total  in
crease in one year 9% cents an hour.
Tbis is one of the largest, if not the largest increase, 'given any body of Btrerft
carmen on the North American continent, in any one yenr. In addition to
the inerease iu wages the men woro
given recognition of the company
through their appointed grievance committee.
Cain in Ouelph
Another substantial gain made by organized labor was in tne case of the
machinists in Guolph, Ontario, where
an increase of 15 cents an hour was
granted. Increases of 10 cents an hour
wero general and as the cost of living
had soared exceedingly high the members of labor organizations realized the
benefits of organization. In the city of
Toronto it is estimated that organized
labor has been responsible for increases
in wages aggregating $3,000,000 during
Employers Become Unionists
It haB been very gratifying to officials of organized labor to observe the
success of the United Textile Workers
of America in their efforts to organize
the textile workers of Ontario. Tho
first substantial gain was made in the
city of Toronto, whon the organizer of
that international union organized the
emloyees in one of the large departments of the Simpson Knitting Mills.
The company did not look with favor
upon the new organization at first, and
endeavored to dissuade tho employees
from continuing their membership. A
striko ensued, but the company soon
agreed to a settlement and posted notices in tho mill that it was thoir desire
that all their employees should become
members of the union. The outcome of
the organizing of this mill was tho pine-
of the uinon label on tho mill's product and the organization of the employees in all departments. Following
tho organization of this mill anothor
manufacturer of sweaters and other
knitted goods. expressed a willingness
to have his employees organized and
the union label recognized. Local
unions were organized in five other
towns of the province of Ontario, and
prospects looked very bright for organizations in about fifteen other towns
and cities throughout the province
whoro many textile workers are employed.
Becoming Progressive
It is also worthy of note that although tho miners of Nova Scotia hnvo
hitherto been sympathetic to a purely
provincial type of labor organization,
there is a strong movemont on foot to
break away from provincialism and develop a sturdy internationalism. For
some years tho Provincial Workmen's
organization and the United Mine
Workers of America have been fighting
for supremacy, with disastrous offect
upou the work of thorough organization. Bocontly a board of investigation
and conciliation recommended that the
two organizations como together under
the name of the United Mine Workors
of Nova Scotia, and while such an organization is of a provincial character,
it is the beginning of a movement that
will eventually deliver tho miners of
Eastern Canada into the international
trade union movement. The Labor officials in Canada are watching this de-
veloment and are carefully directiag
tho movement into right channels so
that in a short time there will not be a
vestige of provincialism left in Nova
Iu District 18
Throughout Eastern Canada, as woll
as thc east and centre of tho Dominion,
thero have been substantial gains in
membership, and many wago increases.
In District 18 of the United Mino Wor-
korB of Amorica, a serious strike broke
out, and for several weeks the miners
refused the offers mnde by the operators for a settlement. At one time tho
coal situation looked very serious, as a
result of tho strike, and government
pressure wns brought to bear upon tho
operators to accept the demands of thc
mon. After considerable negotiating,
tho striko was settled nnd tho men returned to work, ln this strike the men
did not reccivo the full endorsement of
the international officers and the fight
was conducted without regnrd to the
orders of the officials of tho international organization.
The national trades union movemont
in Canada, which for a timo threatened
to give the officials of international
unions considerable trouble, has not
mado much headway during the past
four years. With tho outbreak of the
war, and the constantly increasing prico
of necessities of lifo, the need of a
more virile type of labor organization
than a purely national union was recognized, and among the workmen who recognized tho necessity of organizing
along international lines were the bookbinders of Toronto, who had broken
away from tho international union several yearB ago, and weakened the spirit
of internationalism nmong the men and
women of that craft." Thoir roturn to
the international fold this year was
gratifying to the international trado
unionists of that city. Even in the.province of Quebec, where tho national
unionists were given considerable encouragement, there haB been no gains
recorded for unions of that type.
Showing Growth
It is also gratifying to know that at
the recent convention of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, the secretary-treasurer reported that the Con-
gress had the largest affiliated membership sinco its inception, and that tho
increase for the year 1917 was ovor 15,-
000. The total membership wus a little
in oxcess of 81,000 as compared with
aboat 66,000 at the ond of 1016. This
increase was owing to tho rcaffiliution
of tho Maintenance of Way employees
and the increased Canadian membership of international organizations
which pay the per capita tax into the
Congress direct from headquarters. Tho
reports presented to the convention of
the Congress showed that while war
conditions had necessitated important
adjustments in industry the organized
abor movement had not sacrificed any
of thoso principles or which yeara of
effort and sacrifice had beon the price
A Warped Board
Efforts woro made by the Imperial
Munitions bonrd to disregard Labor's
claim for fair treatment and at times
it wns feared that the officials of sev-
oral important unions would have to
forco serious strikes upon the board to
bring them to a realization of thoir responsibility. But at a conforonco of
representatives of international unions,
hold in Ottawa the early pnrt of Juno,
tho government wns called upon to demand tho resignation of tho chairman
of tho board. A statement was printed
by this conference which laid specific
charges ngainst the Imperial Munitions
board, unci demanded that tho government tako stops to ndjust conditions to
the satisfaction of tlio trades union officials. A fow days nfter the issuing of
this statoment there was a noticeable
chnnge in the attitudo of the chairman
of the bonrd towards organized lalwr,
and orders were issued to the superintendents of work on the various construction work curried on by tho board,
thnt union conditions must bo granted.
From that time until the present, the
board has been disposed to recognize
that the organized workerB have some
rights and the friction between the
board and the union officials has been
reduced to a minimum.
Controllers That Don't Control
The TradeB and Labor Congress, in
conjunction with officers of international unions havo taken a keen interest in
the fight of the railway brotherhoods
for the semi-monthly pnyday on all railroads, instead of the monthly payday.
Strong representations were made to
both tho   railway   committee   of the
House of Commons nnd senate and legislation was enacted that will bring the
semi-monthly  pay day into effect   on
January 1, 1918.  Thc Congress, through
its oxocutive council, also took the initial steps to get the government to take
definite action to cure tho food profiteers.   Thoy suggested that the government Bhould assume the direct responsibility for tho investigation   into   the
cause  of  iiftreasing food  prices  and
should take such action thnt would pro-
vent the storing of food for the purpose
of increasing the price to the consumor.
It was pointod out that it would be aB
easy for tho government to take charge
of this work as it was for the finance
minister to compel tho large industrial,
commercial and financial corporations to
furnish him with a statement of their
investments and net profits bo that he
could tax all profits over 7 and 10 per
eent. in difforent corporations.   The demand of tho Congress lead to the appointment of a committee, composed of
three cabinot ministers, whose duty it
was to develop a scheme whoreby the
whole  question of food supplies  and
prices could be investigated and action
taken  against  those found guilty of
charging excessive prices for food. The
committee  developed a plnn  whoreby
municipalities would conduct tho investigations     and     prosecute     offenders
through the attorneys-general   of   tho
provinces.   The investigations of a gov-
ornmont investigator  showed   that the
packing compnnies were mnking excessive margins in the salo of eggs and
bacon, and that the cold storage plants
wero accommodating   large   stores of
food which should havo been placed on
the market to reduce prices.   The revelations mado by the governmont investigator compelled thc government to appoint a commission to mnke furthor investigations with a view of ascertaining tho profits obtained by the packing
companies in  tho sale of bncon  and
eggs.    This commission  was at  work
whon this report was prepnrod.    The
executive council of the Congross nlso
nsked for the appointment of a food
controller and a fuel controller and the
government eventually appointed both
controllers.   These controllers are now
at work, and aro assuring the people
that something practical will be done
to control food nnd fuel supplies and
determine prices.
Tho government also nppo^ted a
grain commission which trnvelled
through Canada, tnking evidenoe of the
price of grain. At the conclusion of
its work, tho commission fixed tho prico
of whoat at $2.21 a bushel. It is expected taht tho fixing of this pride will
rosult in u reduction in the price of
Leading to Conscription
In prosecuting the war, the government of Cnnada, unliko the governments of other belligerent countries, has
not invited the co-oporation of organized labor, and thc result has been considerable friction between the government and organized labor.
With reference to tho decision of the
National Service commission to take a
registration of ull those who would be
wilUng to Work at such occupations as
the commission desires, the Congress
took the position that the organized
workers should sign the cards. As tho
principle behind this move was nlong
tho linoB of voluntary service and in no
way connected! with the conscription of
man power for military service, the
executivo felt quite justified in urging
trades unionists to sign tho cards as
thoir own conscience dictated, Lnter,
whon the prime minister announced
that he intended to introduce a Compulsory Militnry Service'Act,the oxocutive
council of tho Congress took a strong
stand against the principle of conscription, and was supported in this position by thc great mnjority of the trades
unionists of the Dominion.
The delegntcs at the recent convention of the Congress also endorsed the
action of the Executive Counoil and
reaffirmed their opposition to conscription, as expressed at the Vancouver
Convention in 1915, and the Toronto
Oonvention in 1916. The convention,
however, decidod that as the government had passed a Compulsory Military
Service Act, it would bo unwise to oppose its enforcement. It waB held that,
under a representative form of government, tho organized workers should
obey tho law, even though it had been
You Should Know About
Your Teeth!
PERHAPS they have been bothering vou and you do not
know what Bhould be done.
YOU should ooniuirDrTLowe.""If will pay jrouToTee"Dr.
Lowo today.
p\B. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that il
*■' many instances will do the work as well aid look better
than yonr original teeth.
Dl, Lowe's price*, value considered, an reasonable.
108 Hailing $ftwf W,(Cor. Abbot) Vancou Ver -~Vbmt Jey. J4441
Silk Blouses
Special display of new arrivals in tho latest designs of Crepe de Chine,
Georgette Crepe and Hnbutai Silks at from 93.60 to 912,60, less our 90%
This is one of tho old values in the close weave, and is a splendid quality. Tho shades include purple, wino,. taupe, navy, Russian, Belgian,
black, white, rose, pink, coral, sky, cardinal, nigger A A  g\r_
und fawn.   Begular $1.75 yard.  Our sale price $A«uJ/
SABA BROS., Limited
"Sold in Sealed Tins Paly"
SEND your soldier a tin
of NABOB Vacuum Packed
Coffee. It is ready-ground,
ready to use, and bound to reach
him with all itB richness, flavor,
fragrance and strength. Make
up your hamper today. Send it
Kolly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.
Vancouver, B, C.
Christmas Suggestions
FOR MEN—Dressing Robes, House Coats, Mufflers, Glovea ia
kid or mocha silk, wool or fur lined; Handkerchiefs, Pansy
Suspenders, Arm Bands and Garters, Umbrellas, Neckwear,
FOR BOYS—House Coats, Dressing Robes, Gloves, Handkerchiefs, Suits nnd Overcoats in latest raglan and belt makes.
309 to 315 Haatinga Street Wert
Tel. Sey. 792
passed in face of their opposition.
The Oongress reaffirmed its previous
decision in favor of a conference of
the labor representatives of the belligerent countries to discuss the war situ
ation and formulato a progrtsuat of
terms upon whieh peace should to declared, and elected three delegate! to
attend euch a conference, whei tailed
by the British Trades Union Otigress.
True Liberals, Conservatives and Labor Men
s Will and have United to form a
Union Government
Union Government Candidate for New
Westminster Federal Riding
	 PBIDAY. November 80, Hi?
Unionist    Candidate    for
Burrard Stays on Prepared Ground
Donnelly,   However,   Gets
Mired in His Own
Wonder who is writing tho speeches
delivered by H. J. Crowe, Liberal-
Unionist candidate in Burrard* The
other night, on the occasion of the appearance of all three so-called '' unionist" candidates at the Avenue theatre,
Crowe read hia Uttle piece. And ho
roadi it like it was the moat marvelous-
ly surprising document. It is doubtful
if he had given it much study. It
Bounded about as much like Crowo as
u hen does.
Ab a hiatter of fact, it sounded very
muoh like a collection from prepared
government literature, much after tho
fashion Harry Stevens talks. Crowe ia
treading new paths for him when he
joins up with Stevens and the other
Tories, and they probably thought they
would feel a lot safer if thoy wore
sure that Crowo would not get rattled
and launch forth on the exposition of
some old Liberal principles, which were
the principles he was reputed to have
studied before he swam out to the Borden government craft and got aboard.
As with the Unionists, it waB a caso
of safety first with Crowe.
In this connection it might be advised that the Liberals adopt the same
methods with Pat Donnelly. Somebody
ought to write a speech for Donnelly
and send him out in the woods to speak
it first. Last Friday night they let
Pat apeak at tho big Mclnnes meeting.
Next to Crowe, Pat can empty a building quickest. He told his customary
atory then proceeded to use up considerable tltne which the public expected
ex-Judge Mclnnes to fill. And Pat, by
the way, walked boldly out onto some
quicksand and started to flounder. At
least it sounded something like that.
Aftor Pat got through it took some
time to get warmed up again.
The former judgo, by the way, did
ull sorts of things to Stevens. The preceding night Harry had challenged
some of the statements Mclnnes had
made. The judge took the Stevens'
remarks, paragraph by paragraph, and
mado Harry look foolish.
It would be a merry party that would
assemble at a joint meoting of Judgo
Mclnnes and H, H. Stevens. Efforts
aro being made by the Liberal candidate's friends to arrange Bach a mooting, Tho Tories, however, desire nono
of it. The principal reason, no doubt,
being that Stevens is championing a
crooked government, which Is a job of
considerable proportions. On the other
hand the judge is the people's champion against autocracy and an endeavor
of a discredited govornment to steal
away from the people their suffrage
rights. #T*
Unionist Fakirs Use Flag
And Prostitute Patriotism
Those who will not sacrifice their
profits for the war, when the Borden
government is demanding human lives,
are all strongly backing the government "Unionist" candidates in this
election. Every man with whom the
dollar stands higher than any other
consideration is backing the Borden
government. All of the big interests
appear to be in a conspiracy to keep
the Borden crowd in harness at Ottawa
.and they are prepared to spend a sum
as largo as the Victory Loan to do it.
Every influence found useful in past
elections, especially the daily newspapers, have been bought by the big
intorests to fight a crooked battle for
the Bordon government.
Tho light is, as ex-Judge Mclnnes
puts it, a battle of the '' masses against
the classes," Such battles have been
fought before, and, though the classes
gain the upper hand ofton, sooner or
later they fall and with a tremendous
Tbe Borden crowd is miserably using
tho old flag; for its despicable political
cads. Britishers are intensely patriotic,
und trained by years of domination of
tho class system, to follow the flag, no
mattor who is carrying it. That is the
sentiment the Borden unionist crowd
llguros on using to its advantage.
Such signs as "Over the top with
H. H. Stevens," and "Vote for Crowe
and beat a Hun," are being displayed,
just as if Crowe and Stevens made any
difference to the war.
But they do make a difference, »_<_
a big difference, to the common peoplt..
They too are supporters of what is acknowledged even by ardent unionists,
as the. worst government imaginable.
Their election means nothing more nor
less than an advantage to tbe profit-
bandits in eastern Canada, and some
little profit-bandits out in these woods.
This is one election where Canadians
are going to redeem the country from
a scandalous crew of scallawuga.
The "unionists" are playing the returned soldiers in every manner hoping
for an advantage. While it might naturally be expected that the officers who
received their appointments through
political pull, and who were numbered
among the "snobs" referred to by
Judgo Mclnnes—which made H. H.
Stevens so very angry, by the way-
will support the crowd which got them
easy jobs and safe ones, the rank and
file by that very reason will not lend
their support to suoh a crowd. Another
element tho Tories figure on 'using to
thoir political advantage also, is the
sympathies of women who have relatives at the, front. In this it is generally conceded they again are off their
reckoning, for these very women need
only to size up their own treatment
to turn aside the blatant blandishments
of such aB Stevens, Crowe, Major
Cooper, otc.
Industrial Conscription Is
******     ******     ******     ******
Coming With Borden Success
The Borden government forces, in tbelr
frantic endeavors to mako tbe people believe
that tbey are out to win the war and not
the eleetion, as they bave been so generally
accused of, aro doing their best to overcome
tbo effect of a statement damning to the
Borden profiteering crowd, which unquestionably has in mind Industrial conscription,
which will surely follow their success at tbe
liolls on Dec. 17.
Tho speech of Lord ShBughnessy referred
to, was delivered in tbe board of trade rooms,
Montreal, on March 0, 1916. Tho meeting
was called at the request of the military authorities and was addressed by General Sir
Sam Hughes, Lord Sbaughnessy and others.
What Lord Shaughnessy said on tbat occasion as reported in the Montreal Star,
March 10, 1916, Ib as follows:
"1 havo read almost al. of Sir Sam's
speeches in parliament, and baaing my opinion on thoso I am quite sure he never made
a mistake,
"I cannot, however, agree with Sir Sam
as to his figures, I cannot understand how
wo could get 70,000 men In Montreal for
enlistment without making a draft on the
women. And I know somo women wbo
might bo excellent in the firing line, but
wbo would bo impossible from the point of
view of military discipline.
"Up to tho present time Canada haB done
marvellously, but I cannot believe that the
suggestion to raise 500,000 men is a practice! or practicable suggestion. We bave a
great many things to do, the manufacture
of munitions, agricultural work, we must
help food the British nation, and we have
the probloms of finance. It Ib all important
that the finances, uot only of Great Britain
herself, but of the, component parts of the
British empire should be maintained, in all
their solidarity.
Urges Leas Speed
"In sending 500,000 men from Canada
we would make a draft on the working
population of tho country that might be severely felt. We must go slowly about our
recruiting, and endeavor to carry out what
ever may be the beat plans for the eountry
In a sane, methodial way.
"There are approximately 70,000 of our
troops at tbe front at the present time, 60,-
000 in England, and 180,000 under arms
in Canada. I know from the atate of the .
ocean transportation situation that lt would
be Impossible to move this army to Eng*
land for a year or fourteen months at the
earliest. Meantime we have this great army,
representing a monthly expenditure of ten
or twelve million dollars. It might bave
been better to go slowly and save, say, |5,-
000,000 a month.
"I feel with the rest of you that If the
time comes we must make any sacrifice
whatever, resorting to conscription if necessary. But should we not proceed without
enlistment' in a somewhat different way, devoting our attention to the units already
approaching completion before starting with
new units 1"
Aid. Kirk Goes One Batter
Editor B. C. Federationlit: I bave Just
read your article on the front page of The
Federatlonist, Nov 28: "Mortgage and Loan
Patriots Doing Their Bit." Bat you have
not told us the whole atory. What about
the proposnl brougbt forward by Alderman
Kirk to pay 5 per eent. of tbe eost of local
improvements from general revenue! He la
not tbe only one that is In this scheme to
ruin more of the hard-working eltisens of
Vancouver. He Is the instrument uaed to
bring tbe hell-born scheme forward. Soms
of the other bunch In this couneil are also
in league with the mortgage companies to
grab the unfortunate property owners' holdings In this elty. Tbe loan sharks will then
be able to buy at the tax sales; then have to
only pay 5 per oent. of the taxes that the
other poor unfortunates have had to par.
And more of us will then be brought to ram
by having to pay more taxes every year. If
yoa want to do good, expose these swindles
before the next municipal eleetion, and get
rid of some of them; If possible, the whole
of them. A VICTIM.
Vaneonver, November 27.
New Westminster
Not the candidate of the horde of
profiteers and big interests which
are backing the Borden government. Q A vote for McRae is a
vote to win the war and personal
liberty and freedom in Canada
Save Canada from
Candidate for Comox-Alberni and Vancouver Centre
In this crisis an advocate of every sane and effective means to win the war, but opposed to autocracy
and all that smells of Prussian militarism in Canada
—an uncompromising opponent of profiteers, professional patriots and chocolate soldiers; believes in
paying the soldiers adequately, abolishing the patriotic fund and giving the soldiers' dependents a fixed
and sufficient amount to live on absolutely independent of any offensive charity fund; treating returned soldiers right in the way of suitable pensions and
terms, and cutting out politics, favoritism and snobbery from the. army; insists upon conscription of
wealth before conscription of men, and is prepared
to fight to the last ditch against the dragging of
more of our boys to the front until other parts of
Canada have done their duty. Views with alarm
the prospect of our industries closing if 5000 more
working men are forced away, and hates the alternative of the industries being kept going by Asiatics,
who will flourish while our own people perish. Urges
that Canada's best service to the Allies lies in the
direction of growing foodstuffs and building ships,
and believes that if the awful economic conditions
prevailing in Canada are put right, and the men in
the army and returned soldiers are treated right,
that Canada's response to the colore will continue
to be as enthusiastic as ever, without the need of
any medieval press gang methods.
Twenty-one years in public life as member of the
Dominion House, member of Provincial Legislature,
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education,
Governor of the Yukon, and Senior Judge of the
County of Vancouver.
Always a consistent champion of true Democracy,
the rights of the people and a white British Columbia.
Is pledged to adjust the fishermen's grievances,
and expose the workings of the fish monopolies.
Vote for a man who has always lived close to the
people, and in this their greatest fight, is standing
true to democracy and principle.
FBiPAt....,.,,. November 30, 1817
The West Elgin Conservative meeting held at Dutton on March 10th, 1917,
was attended and addressed by Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor in the
Borden Government. From the Mail and Empire of March 17th, 1917, wo quote
the following portion of Mr. Crothers' remarks:
"There has been some adverse criticism respecting details of tbe manner
in which our part in the great struggle has thus far been performed, and it
may be at once admitted that some mistakes have been made. Who makes
no mistakes in his own private affairs? A man who makes no mistakes
makes nothing.
The apologetic tone of the minister indicates that he at least is going to throw
himself on the mercy of hiB constituents in the hope that they will overlook tho
shortcomings of tho Borden cabinot, and give it another chance. Well, if such
be the cuse tho people will require full explanation of a very large number of
so-callod mistakes thut were not mentioned by Mr. Crothers at that particular
Let us submit n few queries in this connection:
Was it a mistake when in thc formation of the cabinet Mr. Borden called to
the councU three pronounced Nationalists—Bourassa's ardout followers—Messrs.
Monk, Pellotior and Nantel, and in the varioiib cabinot changos that have taken
place in the Quebec representation has adhered with a fidelity thut savours of
brotherly lovo, to the Nationalists, ns witness the latest additions to tho ministry, Messrs. Blondin, PntonaUde and Sovigny?
Was it a mistake when nfter supporting the unanimous resolution of parliament that Canada should undertake the protection of hor own shores by tho
construe tion of Canadian battleships—a complete turn about was made and a
cash contribution advocated in place of thc home building of a Canadian fleet.
Was it a mistake that after the Conservative opposition hud fulminated agninst
the Iaurior Government for alleged extravagant annual expenditure—tho Borden Governmont should Increase that expenditure—oatside of tlie costs of the
war—irom $08,000,000 to $135,000,000.
Was It a mistake that after the advocucy of Civil Service Reform and the
abolition of patronage in appointments, a not increase of over 12,000 civil servants constitutes the record of the Borden Govonrment for the first three years
of its term of ofiico aud this also bofore thc war broko out or waB thought of.
Was it a mistake for Sir Robert Borden after strenuously opposing the Reciprocity agreement of 1911, to go to New Tork and on the evening of Sunday,
November 2nd, 1913, stnte publicly at a dinner given to thc English actor, Mr.
Cyril Maude, that "Canada had no objections to the Reciprocity agreement and
he felt Canada had done her share towards bringing lt about," nnd adding,
"He regretted that it had not come to pass?"
Was it a mistake when Colonel Sir Sain Hughes on May 23rd, 1912, recommended thc passing of an order-in-council authorizing the Government to pay
$lh0,OOO, for a military camp sito near Montreal, and to allow the snid amount,
namely $180,000 to be paid on June 17th, or less than one month afterwards, to
Major Hodden ^f Montreal, for tho very property which the major had purchased
on Juno 8th, 1912, for $84,991), and from which he made out of the Government
a clear profit of 995,0047
Was it a mistake when the Minister of Agriculture, the Hon. Mr. Burrell, delayed one year and a half in purchasing a site ut Levis, Quebec, for a quarantine
' station during which time the land which was eventually purchased was bought
for $5500, and after passing through three middlemen was sold to tho Government for $32,7507
Wfis it a mistake for thc Borden Government to grant to Mr. Donaldson, a
prominent Conservative worker in Saskatchewan und son of the Conservative M.
L.A., a block of land in the town of Princo Albert, worth 9979,000 on payment
of tho ordinary homestead fee of $10.00 after it had been withdrawn from home-
steading by the Lnurier Governmont? ■
Was lt a mistake to allow thc Attorney General of the Conservative Government of British Columbia, Mr. Bowser, to onter upon an Indian Reserve at Vancouver and, contrary to the provisions of the Indian Act and against the interests of the Indians themselvos, whose trustee tho Dominion Governmont is, make
a bargain with thc Indians for a paltry consideration of about $230,000 and take
possession of a resorvc well-known to be worth millions, especially after the
Government's attention had been called to this flagrant act?
Was it a mistake that when war purchases were made, shoddy boots, faulty
binoculars, aged, ring-boned and spavined horses, all at excessive prices, were
furnished to the Canadian soldiers vho, with a patriotism worthy of better treatment—came forth to do their share against the common foef
Was it a mistake to pay a Scuttle combination $1,150,000 for two submarines
rejected by the Chilean Govornment ns boing no good, and worth no more than
$818,000, and was it not a further mistake to allow thc purchase money to be <
divided so that two cheques were payablo in New York, and one of about
$250,000 payable in Seattle not fnr from the city of Victoria, thc scene of the
negotiations for thc acquisition of these ships?
Was it a mistake that for months after its imperfections were known thb Ross
rifle wns forced upon our soldiers—unable by reason of well-known defects to
destroy the enemy or Bave themselves, and further nftor lauding the Boas rifle to
the skies, cancel the contract on the ground of slowness of delivery—thus throwing out of employment 2000 men and rendering it impossible to maiMfacture
rifles in Canada for probably u year?
Was it a mistake that Canadian manufacturers wore ignored and fuse contracts
given to American firms enabling John Wesley Allison and Benjamin Franklin
Yoakum and others of that ilk to lay their hands upon a million dollar commission?
Was it a mistake when the Minister of Customs, Dr. Roid, Btated before tho
Public Accounts Committee on March 6th, 1916, that the customs port at Moris-
burg was opened for the Sifton Machine Gun Battery, when afterwards it was
proven under oath bofore the Public Accounts Committeo that this Battery came
into Canada at Cornwall, Ont.!
Was it a mistake to reduce the Transcontinental Railway from its high character as one of the first railways on the continent by the alteration of grades and
curves in order to fabrieato a case against the Laurior Government, whoso record
in thc construction of that road stands unimpouched, and then subsequently to
appoint a most expensive and extravagant commission whoso only practical result
is found in the appointmont of one of" tho commissioners to a seat in tho Dominion senate und the engagement of the other at a fat salary of $20,000 a year?
Was it a mistake to so conduct operations at Port Nelson, the ocean terminus
of tho Hudson Bay Railway, so that one year's work wont to wasto and Hudson
Bay almost filled with the floating wrecknge of the results of mis-spent timo and
money ?
Was it a mistake thut according to Sum Hughes thc cabinet dilly-dallied for
over four months on thc question of handling contracts through the middlemen,
instead of dealing direct with the principals, and thus kopt the second contingent
ull that time from going overseas ,ut tt time when every man was needed?
Was it a mistake that owing to the interference of the cabinet, Sir Thomas
Tait was practically colnpollod to resign the chairmanship of thc National Service
Board, and that this important office was handed over to tt. B. Bennett, Conservative M.P., whose chief assot is flamboyant lung powor and whoso chiof deficiency is extreme partisanship ,nnd lack of judgment and common sense?
Was it a mistake that the Government workshops were left idle and immense
war contracts wero given to privato contractors to squeeze enormous profits out;
of the long-suffering British and Canadian public?
Was it a mistake that in thc selection of commanding officers for service in
the war, Conservatives were at a premium and others who did not support tho
Governmont were refused consideration?
Was it a mistake that tho Government sat with folded armB, heedless of the (
protests against tho high cost of living and regardless of the facts that in the
circumstances tho producer and the consumer wore sacrificed to the middlemen?
Was it a mistake to raise the freight rateB on tho Intercolonial at tho very
timo the people of Western Canada were tippling to ruilway commissions for n
decreaso of railway rates?
Was it a mistake for the Government to open wide the custoniB port of entry
at Morrisburg, Ont., to permit J. WoBley Allison to bring in immense quantities
of his nefarious truck?
Was it a mistake when the Government enginoers at Vietoria, B. C> permitted
dredging mntoriul which could be bored at the rate 59, 72, 74 and 96 feet per hour
to bo classified and paid for as rock when tho officials of the department swore
beforo the Public Accounts Committee in March, 1916, that real rock such as
was tn be found in this harbor could not be drilled faster than 7 or 8 feet per
hour; but for this exposure, by the Liberal membera, the country would have lost
$190,000, some of which may be lost as it is?
Was it a mi-take for thc Government to purchaae lumber in the city of Ottawa, (the home of wholesale dealers) through a middleman and not from the
wholesale denlei direct?
Was It a mistake that the Borden Government did not take control of thc
Canadian nickel and th'.is prevent this product of Canadian mines from being
converted into instruments of death by thc Germans and used Qgainst our Canadian volunteers?
Was It a mistake when Sir Bobert Borden introduced a bill to compenacnte
the Farmers Bank depositors and then have bis own appointees in the senate kill
tbe bill? t
Was it a mistake when the Government paid a Tory heeler $10,500 for a post
office site at Fort Francis, Ont., a property which this Tory heeler had purchased
only a short time provious for $9,500, (a middleman's profit of $7,000)?
Was it a mistake when the Hon. Sir Robert Borden accepted as his federal
candidate in Carletoa, <N. B., the Hon. J. K. Fleming, ex-Conaorvative promier
.if tho .provinco of New Brunswick, who was found guilty by a Royal Commis-
sion of extorting through the agency of Mr. W. H. Berry, monies from timbor
limit holders, to tho extent of $75,000, and also finding thnt this same hon. gontle-
raan, was guilty of extorting money from contractors engaged in the construction
of tho Valley Bailway?
Was it a mistake for tho Government to pny a double railway subsidy to tho
Southampton, (N. B.) Railway Company, (largely owned by a Conservative M.
P. P.) on a road the construction of which coBt only $15,950 a mile?
Was it a mistake when the Borden Government refused to accept a freo site
for a publie building nt Canning, N. S., and then paid a defeated Tory candidate
$2,000 for a Bite worth not more than $300 or $4fl0?
Was it a mistake when in October, 1914, Mr. T. A\ Browlce, druggist of Ottawa,
charged tho Government $1.00 a piece for thermometers and when a Liberal
member put a question on the order 'paper on February 10th, 1915, aaking for
information regarding the price, the answer is given that Mr. Brownlee on February llth, 1915, (one day after the question was asked) had discovered an overcharge aud hud refunded to the Government 50 per cent, of the price he had
originally charged?
Was it a mistake in 1911 when the Conservative party adopted their slogan
' 'No Truck or Trade with ihe United States," when wo now find that under the
Conservative Government imports from the United States have increased from
$400,000,000 to over $800,000,000, and that the Hon. Sir Thomas White has boen
compelled to awallow a bitter pill of going to the United Statos on two occasions
to borrow large sums of monoy?
Was it a mistake to puss the Soldiers' Voting Bill and prepare the ballots and
papors and forward suine to England if, us the Conservatives contend, they do
not want an election during the war?
Was lt a mistake when tbe Governmont permitted John Wesley Allison to accept a commission ou the purchuse of revolvers and pistols?
Was it a mistake when tho Borden Government paid $4,000,000 for the Quebec-
SagMenay Railway, a railway which is not worth $4,000, and which when completed will cost Ciinudu $10,000,000?
Was it a mistake whon tho Government refused the Western farmers freo access for thoir wheat to the United States market?
Was it a mistake when the Government refused the farmers of Canada free
agricultural implements?
Was lt a mistake when the Borden Government sholvos the roport on technical
education, theroby practically refusing to aid in any way this important matter?
Was it a mistake when tho Ministor of Public Works, the Hon, Robort Rogers,
permitted the architects to tear down the old wails of the Parliament Buildings
when thore was an absolute understanding by the members of tho Houso of
Commons that the walls were to be repaired?
Was it a mistake for the Govornment to purchase and equip Cump Borden at
a cost of several million dollars when they already had scattered through the
Dominion 378,000 acres of camp ground or practically one acre for each man
Was it a mistake when* Sir Bobert Bordon appointed the National Service
Board to name 10 Conservatives and ono Liberal for the board all, except the
two Consorvntive members of parliament, recoiving $250 a month, plus travelling
aud living expenses?
Was it a mistake when the Government side-tracked Major-General Lessurd,
und permitted; this great soldier to tako only a small part in tho work of the
Canadian Expeditiouary Forcos?
Was it a mistake when the Dr. Biueo roport on Medical Hospitals in England
was presented for tho Governmont to appoint another board for the purpose of
neutralizing Dr. Bruco's roport, instead of setting about to remedy the intolerable condition of affairs outlined by Dr. Bruce?
Was it a mistake to allow the Commission on greater agricultural production
which was appointed for tho purposo of investigating tho question of Increased
Agricultural Production, Agricultural Education, Transportation, Farm Credits,
etc, and to practically disband after a few meetinga had been held?
Was lt a mistake when tho Governmont havo allowed during tho last Bix
months (Sopt., 1916, to February, 19.17, inclusive), 44,531 Canadian males to
leavo Canada and go to thc United States?
WaSfit a mistake to permit tho purchaso of thousands of horses in the United
States for the Canadian and British soldiers with no apparent effort on the part
of the Government to induce tho purchasers to take Canadian horses?
Was it a mistake when thousands und thousands of partisan pamphlets nnd
leaflets wore prepared uud distributed by tho Conservatives during the first
three months of the war, und after it was cloarly lundorstOod that purty conflict
would coase?
Was it a mistake when a roturned soldier goes to apply for a Government
position, to be told that it is necessnry for him to join a Conservative Association
before he can be nppointed?   This happened in Toronto?
Was it a mistake when a Conservative member of Parliament for Kings
County, N. S., was allowed to spend $72,000 of Government monoy purchasing
horses .and to this duy no statoment of the expenditure of this big sum of money
has been presented to the Governmont? This transaction caused the investigating Commissioner, Sir' Charles Davidson, to remark, "the prices paid for the
horses do not equal the amounts placed in their (Mr. Foster and his friends)
Was It a mistake that after the gruesome revelations of the Gait Commission
concerning the rnisiug of the contract price in Manitoba by Hon. Bobort
Rogers for thc erection, of a public building, and after tho commissioner was
unablo to accept Mr. Rogors' statement mado under oath in at least eight instances—Sir Bobert Borden never raised his voice agninst such flagrant conduct
of one of his colleagues, nor so fur as we know, oven, asked him for au explanation, but ou the contrary, took him to England to discuss and settle with
imperial statesmen the all-important problems of tho Empire?
If these are mistakes ,the average citizen would like to know what more
a Government should do before its actions are considered worthy of registration in the calendar of political crimes?
Who Would the Kaiser Vote For?
The Borden-Flavelle Unionist Government asks this question on giant posters displayed in Eastern Canada. The insinuation is intended as a gross
insult to Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal party. Now, as in 1911, there
is no baseness to which Borden and his supporters will not descend for the
sake of political advantage.
"Who would the Kaiser vote for?"
We will answer the question, but cannot do so without bringing confusion
and shame on those who ask it.
The Kaiser would vote for everything that impairs the efficiency of the
Canadian people and the Canadian army.
He would vote for those who supplied knee-sprung, bone-spavined and ancient horses# to the Canadian forces.      '
He would vote for the men who furnished paper boots for our soldiers.
He would vote for the government that paid 300 per cent, profit to its
creatures for the purchase of binoculars, and huge profits on drugs and
field dressings for the wounded.
He would vote for the government that ordered 25,000 shield shovels invented by Sam Hughes' lady stenographer at an expense of $33,750.00, and
which were useless and had to be thrown away.
He would vote for the government that equipped our soldiers with the
Oliver equipment at a cost of $375,475, only to see it discarded and the Webb
equipment substituted.
He would vote for the government that insisted upon supplying our troops
with the Ross rifle long after it had been condemned as a service weapon,
and until thousands of our brave men had been killed in vainly seeking to
defend themselves with a rifle that jammed.
He would vote for the friends of Colonel Wesley Allison, who supplied him
with millions of Canadian money to build factories in the United States,
while ignoring Canadian industries, and who out of Canadian extravagance
was enabled to lavish $105,000 on his lady typewriter.
He would vote for Borden and embalmed ham.
He would vote for Flavelle and his 80 per cent, profits on bacon supplied
the army."
He would vote for Flavelle and his slogan: "To hell with profiteers."
He would vote for Flavelle and his bacon post-curing process which, by
adding salt, increases the weight and feeds our soldiers salt instead of bacon.
He would vote for the government which has kept 8250 safety-first colonels
and other officers loafing for years in London within the sound of the guns,
but unwilling to take any part in the fight.
He would vote for the government which, since the beginning of the war,
has been steeped to its eyes in partisan patronage and unlimited corruption
in everything pertaining to the conduct of the war.
He would vote for the government of the trust combines and big interests which is bleeding Canada white at the bidding of the multi-millionaires.
He would vote for the government which, by robbery, extravagance, graft
and incompetency, is rapidly reducing Canada to bankruptcy.
He would vote for the spoilers and despots who have robbed the Canadian people of their votes, and of the right of managing their own affairs,
and have bought up and gagged 98 per cent, of the daily, and 90 per cent,
of the weekly organs of public opinion, in Canada.
He would vote for the jingoes and junkers who muzzled parliament with
the closure while the Canadian treasury was being looted and representative
responsible government were legislated out of existence.
He would vote for a so-called "Union" government, which is bent on causing disunion in Canada, and has already arrayed race against race, and creed
against creed, throughout the Dominion.
He would vote for the government which, under the name of "Union"
and patriotism, has cut Canada in two, so that she can no longer present a
united front to the enemy.
It is for this sort of work that he hired the Bernstorffs, the von Papens,
the Boy-eds, the Bopps, the Koenigs, and the thousand emissaries of the
Wilhelmstrasse who have sought to create disintegration and disunion in all
the Allied countries.
He would not vote for Sir Wilfrid Laurier who:—
Levied the surtax on Germany;
Who established the British preference;
Who has always been an ardent Imperialist in the best sense;
Who is without fear and without reproach;
—And whose life has been spent in preserving the union of races and
creeds in Canada so that we may always present an undivided front, not
only in battle, but at every stage in the ihstory of our country.
[Advl.l FBIDAT...
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The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
_ Vote for Borden's brigands.
Flavelle needs the money.
fl Vote for Borden candidates
and profit-making on a huge scale.
fl Abolish Kaiserism in Canada
by downing the Borden autocracy
on Dec. 17.
fl Vote the Labor ticket where
possible and anti-Boiden everywhere else.
fl The number of military officer politicians is increasing, all, of
course, on thc Borden payroll.
fl Help start a national Labor
party at Ottawa by voting for
Labor candidates on Dec. 17.
fl "Government must be with
the consent of the governed."
Borden's gang will discover this
on Dec. 17.
fl If you want men conscripted
and money borrowed' at 5% per
cent*, vote for Borden's thieving
bunch at Ottawa.        ■
fl It is nothing short of criminal
to take more men out of B. C. at
a time when the Allies are howling for more food" and more ships.
fl The "referendum" on conscription will bc taken in Canada
on Dec. 17. Out with Borden,
profiteering, grafting and Kaiserism.
fl Shame on a cause so bank,
rupt that it has to resort to stirring up national and religious
prejudices among a liberty-loving
fl Canada will not "quit" the
war. The real war will be started
on Dee. 17, by ridding this country first of all of Kaiserism and
fl Thc members of Borden's
"union" cabinet are but the hired
flunkies of the big corporations
of Canada. Wipe them off the
map on Dec. 17.
fl The Big Interests in Canada
will not permit the Bbrdcn cabinet to throw ALL the resources of
Canada into winning the war.
The war grafters need the money.
fl Thc Allies stand most in
need of food and ships. Canada
should supply these and' permit
Uncle Sam to send along an army
or two, that is, if there are ships
to do it with.
fl The jails of B. C. are being
quietly filled with "deserters,"
i.e., men who are taking the only
means they have of protesting
against a law they had no say in
making.   On with the dance!
fl If the electorate of Kitchener-
Berlin was really pro-German and
had but appreciated what a good
friend of thc Kaiser Premier Borden really is, they would have received him with open arms.
fl The returned soldiers will
"demand an accounting," all
right, all right. But it will not
be thc "accounting" that some of
thc charity-mongering politicians
of thc Borden government are
figuring on.
fl Kven before thc war is over,
local begging aud bumming institutions arc out soliciting for
returned soldiers. This is the way
the Borden robbers intend to
'take care of the soldier." Vote
anti-Borden on Dec. 17.
fl If the soldiers in France knew
the way their dependents were
being treated in Canada there
would be mutiny. Pending their
return let's vote for the restoration of democracy and decent
treatment of returned soldiers.
fl On Dec. 17 thc electorate of
Canada has an opportunity o'f
getting rid of Borden's boodlers
and grafters. Shove the whole
of them "over the top" and into
No Man's Land" on election
fl Be sure your name is registered on thc voters' list. Remember, there is no list now, except
the onc in thc making by Borden's 20,000 enumerator satellites.
Demand your vote or know the
reason why. Otherwise .tho payroll employees of the Union aggregation of second-storey men
will steal thc election.
fl The Borden government having failed to make any amends
covering thc administration of
the Patriotic Fund; it is up to
every wage-worker donor in Canada to cease contributing after
Dec. 1st. When the government
does its plain duty by the soldiers
it will be unnecessary to compel
their dependents to live upon
charity, doled out by as pesky a
lot of well-paid nose-poking officials as over infested any country.
fl "Speak now or forever hold
your peace." Meaning tha); unless you oust the Borden aggregation of huge grafters and food-
hogs on Dec. 17 tlie instructions
to thc military authorities, to
"uso thc utmost discretion"
(until after the election) in arresting men who havo failed to
comply with a law they had no
say in making, will be cancelled
foHhwith and Kaiserism will
have nothing on what the Big
Profiteers will do to men who,
dare dispute their right to rule
and rob.
flnt end third Thuwdays. Executive
bond: Preildent, Jaa. H. MeVety: rice*
preildent , J. Hubble; general secretary,
Victor R. Mldgley; treasurer. Fred Knowlee;
acrgesnt*nt*srms, Oeo. Harriion; truiteei,
J. H. McVety, 0. J. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J, Orawford.
Meeti leeond Monday in the month Preildent, Oeo. Bartley;  iecretary, R. H. Nee-
litndi, P.O. Box 68.	
flnt Snnday of eaeh Month, Labor Temnle.
PresUsnt, take l_i_i: —ualil iecretary,
J. Smith, eto Holden Bldf., Boi 431, Phona
Sey. 2672; reeordlng iecretary, Wm. Mottl*
ihaw, P.O. Box ttt. Vaneoaver. B. O.
tional Union of America. Loeal No. 120—
Meots second and fourth Tueidays la the
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; seoretary, S. H. Orant, 1071
Alberni street.
Meeti leeond and fonrth Wednesday!, 6
li.in,. Room 807. Preildent, Ohas. F. Smith;
corresponding iecretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
'"   financial secretary, W. J. Pipes.
No. 617—Meeta erery leeond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatloy; flnanclal seeretsry,
O. Thom; recording seeretsry, O. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phone Boy. 7405.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flnt and third
Wednesdays of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Tomple, 8 p.m. President, F. Oraham: secretary, A. Sf. Ashcroft, Suite 1. 1788 Fonrth
avenne west.
and Iron Ship Bnilden and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Second itreet; secretary-treaaurer,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe street; business
agent, J. H. Oarmicbael, Roomi 212, Labor
Operating Englneen, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D. Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; Beeretsry-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Bey. 74(5.
Pacific—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
487 Qore avenne.   Russell Kearley, business
agent. '
—Maotf In Room 205, Ubor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MoDongall, 1162 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple;
financial secretary snd buiineu agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
7 locletion, Loeal 3852—Offlce and hall, 804
Pender street east.   Meeta
8 pjn.    Secretary-treasurer,    r
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
Meeta every Thursday,
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Hesdqusrten, 480 Howe atreet.
Meets flnt and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
SecreUry and busineu agent, E, Winch.
and fourth Thundays at 8 p.m. Pruldent,
Wm. Small; reeordlng seeretary, J. .Brooks:
flnanclal secretary, j. e. MoVety, Room 911
Labor Temple.   Seymonr 7405.     	
ton' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. S. E.
& M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Snnday of eaeh
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident,
J. R. Foiter; business ageut, Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding scaretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 845.
America (Vanoouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets eecond and fourth Mondaya,
Room 204, Labor Tomple. Pruldent, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Grant street; flnanclal aeoretary, J. Lyona, 1648 Venables itreet;
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point Grey road.   Phone Bayview 2970L.
No. 188—Meets second and fonrth Thnn*
days of eaeh month, Room 808, Labor
Temple. President, H. Pink; vice-preiident,
D. Hughes; financial secretary, 0. H. Wes*
ton; recording secretary, D. Lemon, Room
808, Labor Templo.	
Meets in Labor Temple every flnt and
third Tuesdays, 8:16 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; lecretary*
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1071 Melville
Btreet.    Phone Bey. 6848B. 	
—Meets seoond and fourth Fridays of eaeh
montb, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Pruldent, 0.
Soami; recording secretary; W. Hardy, 445
Twenty-third street west, North Vancouver
flnanolal aeeretary, 8. Phelps.	
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
Ont Monday in eaeh month, 8 p.m. Preal.
dent, 3. T. Ellsworth; viM-pnsldeBt, W.
Lanen; reeordlng iecretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; flnanolal aeoretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 508.
fours' Union, Local No. 666—Meats every
Wedneeday at 8 pja. Prealdeat, J. H.
MoVety; business agent, 3. T. Pools, 416
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Mr. 715R;
flnanclal Herniary, Bert Showier, 1076 Rob*
lon itreet. Phone Say. 5079. OBce, Boom
200 M, LaiorTampU.
Haiti lait  Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m..    President, w.  S. Armstrong;  vice*
Sresident, B. tf. Marshall; sseretarytreasurer,
!. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
COAL mining rlghta of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tha North-West Territories
and tn a portion of the Provinco of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one yean renewal for a farther term
af 21 yean at an annual rental of 91 an
aore. Not more than 3,660 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Applieation for a lease must be made by
the applicant in penon to the Agent or Sub*
Agent of the dlstriot In whloh the rights ap*
pliod for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be du*
crlbed by sectlonsior legal sub-divisions of
sectiona,  and  in flninrveyed  territory  the
tract applied for aball be staked out by the
* -"int hi—"
_„.i nppU     , ,
fee of 95 which will be refunded if ths
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, seeond and fourth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. Preildent, J. Hubble; vice-
president, E. S. Cleveland; recording aeoretary ,A. V. Lofting, 3661 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; flnanolal iecretary and
buiineu agent, Fnd. A. Hoover, 9409 Clark
drive, offloe corner Prior and Main itreeti.
applicant hlmielf.
Each application must be accompanied by
_ te of 95 which will be refunded if the
rlghta applied for are not available, bat not
otherwise. A royalty shsll be paid on tha
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay tbe royalty thereon If the
eoal mining rights are not helng operated,
such nturns should bo furniahed at least
once a year.
The teiie will include the eoal mining
righti only, rescinded by Chap, 27 of 45
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For fuU information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not ba paid for.—88576.
ln annual oonvention in January. Blow
tive offleen, 1917-19: Pruldent, i, Naylor.
Box 416, Cumberland: vlea-pruldente—Ve*.
couver: Jaa. H. MeVsty, T. B. Midday.
Labor Temple. Viotorla: J. Taylor, tit
1915. Vanconver Island: W. Head, Soath
Walllnglon. Prlnee Rupert: W. B. Theaof
ion, Bos 994. Naw Westminster: W. Yates,
909 London street. Kootenay District: A.
Goodwin, Box 26, Trail, Crows Bast Valley: W. B. Phillips, 176 HoPhenon avoaae.
Secretary-treasurer: A. S. Walls, Box 1691.
Vlotoria, B. 0.
Council—MeeU flnt and third Wsdna-
days, Labor Hall, 1494 Governmont strsst,
st 8 p.m. Pruldent, E. Christaphsr, Box
867; vice-president, Christian Slverti. 1679
Denman atreet; aeeretary, B. Simmons, Bex
893, Vlotoria, B. 0. 	
Brewery Workmen, Local. Na. 2ID—Meata
at K. of P. hall, North Park strset, oa
ths seoond and fonrth Thandays af each
month. Pnsldent, E. Orr; secretary, W.
E. Bryan, 2649 Soott etreet, Viotorla, B. 0.
of America, Local 784, Nsw Westminster.
Meats aeoond Sunday of each month at 1:90
p.m.   Soontary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
_____ BgPBBT, B. 0.
Council—Meets sscond and fourth Taos*
days of eaeh month, In Carpenten' hsll.
Pnsldent, S. D. Maedonald; eeentary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 679, U. M. W. ef A.—
.Meets sscond and fonrth Sundaya ef eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards HaU. President, Wslter Head; rlee-prssldcnt. Andrew
Parker; ncording aeeretary, James Batssnan;
flnanclal'aecreury, W. Maedonald; treeeor*
er. J. H. Richardson.
t—UL, B. 0.
Jolnen, Loeal No. 285—Meets la Miners'
Hall, overy Wednesday, 7:89 p.sa.    Freel-
dent,   ;   eeentary;    Josses  Greham,
Bsx 6., TraU. B. 0.
Greater Love Hath No Man Than This—
Half hidden in the fllos of thl London Gazette, where it ie Bet forth with sll the ponderousnesa of of*
Iciul language is a story of self -sacrifice that standa out pre-eminently, even in this age of deeds of superlative courage and supor-chivalry.
Tho record is contalnod in the announcement of the award of the Albert Medal of the Firat Class to Lance-
Corporal Charles Henry Anderson, lato of the l-14th Battalion of the London Ecgiment, who lost his lifo
in Prance in Novembor last. The official narrative is as follows.—On November 28, 1016, Lance-Corporal
Anderson was in a hut in France, with oleven other men, when, accidentally, the safety-pin was withdrawn
from a bomb. In the semi-darknosa ho shouted a warning to the men, rushed to the, door, and endeavored
"to opon it so as to throw tho bomb in a field.
Failing to do this, whon ho judged that the five aeoonds during which the fuse waa timed to burn had
elapsed, he held the bomb as close to hiB body aa poasible with both handa in order to screen the other men
iu tho hut. Anderson himself and one other man were mortally wounded by the explosion, and five men were
injured.   Tbe remaining five escaped unhurt.   Anderson sacrificed his life to save his comrades.
When history opens
the purple testament
of bleeding war .
a      •      •
every man and woman who has played
a part will bear a record.
Your name may not be writ among
those of the immortals—
But for honour's sake—for the sake of
men like Anderson—see to it that it is
writ on the Scroll with those who at
least placed their money at the service
of their country.
Shall it be said that Canada spares
not her sons from the sacrifice of
death, yet withholds her dollars
needed to give them victory?
Issued by Cansda's Victory Loan CommittM
in co-operation with the Minister of Finance
of thc Dominion of Canada
We claim to give you all three with satisfaction
thrown in.
A Trial Solicited
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
The Emporium Co.
will reduce the cost of living
from 15% to 50%
614 Bower Building
Phone Sey. 3223 543 OranviUe St.
In Roster of Service Warrior
Modestly  Forgets  His
Greatest Campaign
NMdtd, ut Army for Distributing Labor
Campaign Literature
Editor B. C. Federatfoniat: "Ignorance
alone enslaves." What iB organizod Labor
now in our political arona doing toward
educating the mastics as to the reaaon for
poverty and wart
What proportion of the working classes
in Vanouvcr and Ii. t\ is regularly reading
The Federationist or any literature calculated to offset the powers of the dally press.
the mouthpiece of the war-demons and tbe
profit-patriots of Canada)
Morning, noon and night, scores of men,
women and children, are distributing nows
and views manufactured or distorted ln order to keep plutocracy in the saddle, and
for every paper representing tho true interests of the common people and the facta
regarding the human slaughter-house of
Europe, hundreds of papers and periodicals
are distributed which are perverting the
minds and morals of the people In the interests ot our rulers and exploiters.
Many want to know why Russia Is apparently establishing an Industrial democracy, and tho jeers snd curses of our prostituted press, regarding the firing of capitalist statesmen compromisers Is sufficient
proof that Russia is on the right track. May
the god of humanity and justice strengthen
their hands and confound their enemies 1
In my interview with Count '1'olHtoy last
spring, I inquired how it wus thut u country In which SO per cent, of the people
could not read was able to throw the Ciar
and a brutal autocracy off their backs with
suoh eaae.
Tolstoys's reply wss In substance as follows: "It may soem strange, and yet my
people live near to nature and they think.
Their tendencies are communistic, they possess the primitive virtues and more of what
you would call 'spirituality' than the so-
called advanced races. If my people could
read like the people of Canada and the
United   States  and read such  stuff  us  this
Eaper, the Csar and his class would have
een safe for many years to come."
Tolstoy had just beon reading the Vancouver World when I called and he knew- that
our Vancouver and Canadian press represented plutocracy and not the common people.
While the brain of our Canadians were filled
with Ideas calculated to keep them in ignorance of the great vital facts of the day, and
to stimulate war lust and race hatred, the
peasants and workers of Russia were learning from the stern facts of experience and
the blood of their martyrs was In truth the
seed of their revolution.
In Russia the robber class, because of the
Illiteracy of the masses, was unable to poison their minds. The rulers were unmasked
despots. The iron heel of their militarism
was uncovered by hypocrisy; it was never
used to destroy freedom in the name of
"democracy," as it is being used in our
"enlightened" countries. In other words,
the ignorance of tho Russian people was their
strength, while our "education" in largely
the cause of our continued enslavement, for
onr schools and colleges, our churches and
newspapers are controlled by our master
class, the enemies of the common people, the
makers and sustalners of war blood lust.
Now, Mr. Editor, there are only a few
weeks left before election day, and unless
something Is done immediately, not one In a
hundred of the electors will ever know the
basic facts regarding the war, the growing
economic stress and the ready means at hand
for hastening a real democracy represented
hy onr Labor candidates. At the same time
the factors necessary to flood the dark cav-
Sis of the avorage brain with light and
pa and enthusiasm, are in our hands. Are
Wt going to use them and arc our Labor candidates in real earnest!
Wbat do the campaign meetings of our
Labor men amount tot What proportion of
the electors are now being reached! When
anything worth whilo has been accomplished
in the past by Labor in the political field,
it has been done, not through meetings and
the press, hut through the distribution of
The capitalistic politicians understand this
and so do the boosters of our Victory Bonds.
Every day leaflets and payors are mailed,
and left by hundreds of thousands in the
homes throughout Canada. Why does not
organised labor do the same! The people
are ready to listen. They want light on their
problems of life and death, and tney aro not
getting that light.    Whose Is the fault!
The atatement that the workera know bat
do not want economic freedom, and will not
support  candidates representing peace  and
Jlentr, was never true and Is not true now,
or tke sowers of falsehood, are In the field
working while Labor is asleep and falsehood
can be planted In the human mind as well as
A clarion call should be Issued immediately. ThlB city and this province should be
organised and covered by an army of men
Bnd   women   for   distributing   leaflets   from
Ltbor Temple Press     Ber. MM
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
680 eranvUit Stmt
619 Hatting! Stmt WM*
house to house,  from shop to shop, telling
the people the plain facts.
There are here thousands of trade union
ists and socialists and out of these thous'
ands there are In this city hundreds wbo
will gladly work an hour or two for a few
evenings a week for the cause they represent for the sake of rolling up a big Labor
vote, and electing their representatives.
The prohibitionists won their victory
through this means. We have the writers,
tbe heat of our campaign—the most important in oar history, there are hundreds here
who will enlist for tbis work if the call is
properly made.
Each ward in the city should have a captain, and should be divided into four or five
parts, wtth a dosen or fifteen men representing each division. In this way, the whole
city or province could be thoroughly covered.
This method would bring dismay and defeat
to our military autocrats and profiteers. It
is up to organised Labor to do this.
Why not Issue this call at once and prove
that organised Labor means what it says!
Por unless something is done immediately,
thousands of votes will go to tho anti-con-
scription Liberals to block the militarists.
Every day we hear it said, "Labor is not in
earnest; they are paid to split the vote that
Borden may be returned." now aa tho time
to prove this is false, and remember organised labor today assumes grave responsibility In Canada. It Is not trade unionism
alone, and In Its narrowest sense, that organised Labor must represent. It must represent the whole working class. The time
for action Is now.
Vancouver,  Nov. 28,  1917.
Trada Union* and tht Police.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—It Is universally recognized that a man's pay
should be lu a proportion to his labor,
It' thut labor be light, or unskilled, or
such ;is demands little intelligence lit
its performance, the payment for lt Is,
us a rule, poor. If, on the other hund,
the work to he undertaken is of a responsible nature, Involving the supervision of others and requiring knowledge, experience, and tact in it's succes-
ful achievement, the payment Is higher
In proportion, as these considerations
have to be' taken into account.
In the local police service this principle finds application In a manner
broadly cast on the military organization. Police officers are entrusted with
greater responsibilities and supervision
of others, though not necessarily less
exacting. Attached to these various distinctions ts a rate of pay which rises by
degrees, from the minimum Initial payment of the raw recruit, to the maximum
salary attached to the highest rank In
the service. Policemen should, therefore, as Wage earners, belong to a trade
union, afflllaed with the other trade unions in order that they can claim a fair
living wage, their rights as ordinary clti-
/.ens to a voice In their own government.
Collective representations. If conceded,
would, in their turn, recognize the responsibility of the police to maintain
order, keep the peace, and uphold the
(aw. It Is a well-known fact that those
whoso sole idea of discipline is that of
keeping order by suppressing the rights
of the governed and denying to their
point of view any consideration whatever. It is very simple, ror one thing,
to govern absolutely by the issue of a
command which has to be obeyed. Anyone could govern on those terms, provided he was set in authority. Rut the
matter Is not so simple as that, and the
most conservative of authorities will
now recognize that something must be
done, If not now, then In that time of
social reconstruction, which must follow the war us sure us daylight follows
dark, Is it too much to hope that tradesmen and citizens will bring about
this much needed reform to a complete
understanding, to their mutual advantage, with it body of men whose loyalty
is manifest and whose worth is proven!
Vancouver, Nov. 28, 1917
Just Sot
Editor B. C. FederationlBt: We have with
ub thla week the Duke of Devtnu-prre, governor-general of Canada, and the holder of
some 200,000 of the fertile acres of Merry
England, along wltb half a dosen castles and
other unnecessary impedimenta.
It Btrlkes as that the duke should be a
whale of a customor for Victory Bonds. Do
you aee why conscription of wealth should
go with the conscription of men J Money
will never volunteer,
Vancouver, Nov. 27,  1917.
PORT ARTHUR, Ont., Nov. 23.—Two
years' imprisonment was the sentence
imposed by Magistrate Doble on Alpine
McGrogor, the flrst man arrested for
failure to register under the Military
Service Act. After being arrested, McGregor was given every opportunity to
report to the military authorities, but
refused, and when sentenced made an
Impassioned address to the court de-
KW_ng ty0 who1** thfnP< Including the
Military Service Act, Illegal.
Evidently Averse to Making
Political Capital Out
of Sheer Heroism
There are few professional politicians
in Canada whose political reputations
afford a safe bnsis for an appeal for
further political honors.
In these days of glorious war, however, ho who hath a record of great
military achievements to his credit, may
go forth unto tho people in quest of
political honors, with an abiding faith
in the compelling virtuo of his quuliil-
cation as the eminently deserving recipient of whatever high honors his ambition may ctavo and an udmiring and
grateful electorate may insist on bestowing upon him.
Major Cooper, the "Unionist Government" candidate for Vancouver South,
is a military man whose warlike
achievements have not been "cribbed,
cabined and confined" to any narrow
and circumscribed limits,
The major, according to his own campaign literature, is a veteran of many
campaigns, among which may bo mentioned Matabele campaign, 1890-7;
South Africa, 1899-1902; East Africa,
1902, and Postubort, Fleurbnix, Ypres
and Ploog Steort during the present
groat war in Europe.
Tho detailed account of the major's
brave deeds during these memorable
campaigns would no doubt fill a large
book, but unfortunately its pages aro
closed to all and sundry of his admirers
outside of perhaps tho few of his most
intimate compatriots, who wore fortunate enough to have been eye-witnesaefl
of hiB valor.
Some hints of the pleasing and al*
most lovable personality of this astuto
commander of buttling hosts; some
inkling of thc powerful hold ho has always had upon the affection and loyalty
of the mon under him; some illuminating portrayals of his remarkable strategic sagacity in locating zones of
safety when the hour of danger strikes;
weird tulea of his unflinching vulor and
reckless indifference to the enemy's
feelings in so developing his strategy
as to cause their shells to search in
vain for victims worthy of thoir steel,
havo leaked through to the outside
world only to excito a curiosity that
cannot be satisfied owing to thc major's
inherent modesty.
Modesty is the major's most striking
characteristic, and this modesty is probably the one greut obstnele in the way
of his ever becoming a successful politician.
But it is up to those who wish him
well; those who would seo neither jot
nor tittle subtracted from the glory of
his military achievements; those who
wish to see tho worthy major receive
duo and proper recognition of his
worth, and reap ample reward for his
glorious services, to forget the major's
modesty and disposition to self-effacement and Insist upon giving him credit
for all that is his due.
Owing to his modesty, or perchance
to forgotfulness, Major Cooper has left
out of the list of his military campaigns ono of the most glorious and
most important, that of the campaign
against tho miners of Nanaimo in 1913.
Major (then captain) Cooper was
there iu full panoply of regimentals,
and filled with a martial ardor and a
reckless indifference to the danger of
facing a fericioiiB and bloodthirsty
handful of peaceful and unarmed miners, that must have excited the admiration of the most indifferent beholder.
And ample evidence that the doughty
captain did there do deeds of valor and
make judicious ubo of munitions of war,
Ib to be found oven unto this day in
the public archives of tho province,
wherein it is duly shown that the city
of Nanaimo was called upon to pay,
and did pay on account of tho captain's
warlike activities, for certain high explosives and other war munitions, aB
follows: Essence of W—, $2,50; Essence of B—, $3.50; Essence of P—,
*2.00," and lots of other articles of
distinctly warlike significance, such as
cigars at $5.00 per box, ladies' hosiery,
silk warcB, etc. (The essences W—,
B—, and P-, wero whiskoy, brandy
and port wine. Tho silkwaros were
presumably for the Bed Cross).
Oh, yes, th« major was there, but in
a moment of forgotfulness, or was it
due to extreme raodeaty, he has left
Christmas Gifts
Excellent Assortments and
Fine Values
—White Mull with embroidered corner, 2 in box
—In Mull with colored
embroidered corner, 2 in
—Fine Lawn with white
or colored embroidered
comer and colored' roll
edge, 3 in box—50^.
—Sheer Lawn, hemstitched, hairline borders and
hand-embroidered corners,
3 in box—65<*.
—In Mercerized Lawn, 3
in box, for 65tf.
—In Linen Lawn, 2 in
box for 65*0.
Women's Irish Linen Hand-embroidered
Initialed H a n d k c r-
ohiefB in very effective
design; exceptional
value at, 6 in box for
—Mull with pink, blue or
mauve borders, 3 in box
—Silk with colored designs, 3 in box—-5<p.
—Other attractive designs
at 2 for 35t£, 2 for 40<*
and 2 for 500.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
The ignorance of the ao-eallod educated claasos ia colossal.—Thomaa Hux*
Owabana Olgara Unfair.
Exceptional Values
Men's Suits
At $15.00, $18.00 $22.50,
$25.00 and $30.00
Our Clothing la made by two
of Canada'a oldest and moat reliable wholesale tailora,
BelWble Tailoring
Dependable Materials
Fast Colorings and
Seasonable Prices
Two Reliable Stores for Men in
British Columbia
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Victoria
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign
this memorable campaign from the list
of those in which he has most gallantly participated.
The doughty major has also forgotten
to mention his Prince Bupert campaign,
when he so fearlessly led his intropid
warriors against some striking Montenegrins, also unarmed although undoubtedly equally ns bloodthirsty and
dangerous as the Nanaimo miners.
For further particulars and details
of these memorable and glorious campaigns the electorate of Vancouver
South is hereby respectfully requested
to apply to Major Cooper, "Unionist
Government" candidate for that district, who will no doubt be mightily
pleased to furnish all the information
And Then They Flap Flag
and    Loudly    Warble
"God Save the King"
Cement Dealers Also Get a
Little Juicy Foreign
Pill-Box Trade
According to figures officially supplied
the House of Commons uy Lord Robert
Cecil, Hansard (_:iil0|17) our private Tea
Kings have been exporting huge quantities of tea to countries bordering upon
Germany. There were good profits going for this exportation business, which
by the way must have been licensed by
the Government, nnd from the following
comparative figures you may safely conclude that the bulk of the extra supplies found their wuy safely into Germany.
Our Tea Kings exported to Sweden:
Tons of Tea.
1913        H32
1915        662
Klrst seven months, 1916.. .Glib
Now If 252 tons was our normal export to Sweden (the figures for 1913),
where did the 2)155 tons iu the first seven
months of TDK) go to? Then take
Tons of Tea.
1913         421
19)1         60S
1915      -1465
First seven months, 1916.. 1420
What did Denmark do with that extra
4000 tons of tea in 1915? Sent them to
Germany of course. And our tm Xln.fi
knew lt, but getting good prices, they—
well, they stuck an extra flag ln their
coats, sang Rule Britannia a little louder
and wrote letters to the papers denouncing the I.L.P, as pro-German!
Take Holland:
Tons of Tea.
1913         6407
1914         6461
1915     13,140
1910        3100
And it was to Holland last week that
a ship sailed from the Thames carrying
a oargo of cement. The London evening
papers raised a noise, pointed out thnt
Holland was receiving thousands of tons
above her normal supply of Portland
Cement, and openly suggested that this
cement was lining sent to Belgium and
manufactured into pill-boxes for tho destruction of British soldiers, whereupon
the Government was compelled, doubtless to the Intense disgust of our Cement
Kings, to announae tnat no further licenses to export cement would be Issued.
We sent 41,800 tons of cement to Holland during the twelve months ending
September,  1917.
lt is In vain thai Mr. George cries
"Keep your eye upon nolo." It begins
to dawn even upon the poor Cockney
that the export of tea and cement {Indirectly) to Germany, while he himself
gOBR without tea and cement unless ut:
famine prices, Ih sheer Capitalist treachery.—"Forward,"
FBIDAY. November 81, WIT
Decision of Organized Labor
Goes Into Effect on
Dec. 1
Soldiers' Dependents Have
Been Humiliated By
This Charity
December 1 is the dny on which members of organized Labor withdraw their
support of the Patriotic Fund. Thla
action was determined upon in August
by tho Trades aad Labor Couneil. There
are some of the laboring class, however, who will still be compelled to
support this fund which should be a
duty of tho government and not by ft
bogging system such as hns been the
system for tho past throe years, during
which the fund has beon administered
in a vory unsatisfactory manner uud
soldiers' dependents humiliated and insulted by the methods of prying into
their personnl lifo and affairs.
Tho class of Labor which will be
"ompollcd to pay is the unorganized,
poorly-paid cluss". This includes storo
clerks, among them many working
girls who cannot afford to pay.
It is upon them that tho subscription
falls moBt heavily. It falls lightly upon
their omployers.
Big iuterosts of the country havo
robbed and profiteered during threo
years onough money to puy a largo proportion, if not all, of the Patriot:'!
Tho boliet' of the common poople is
that this fund should be maintained
by government by taxation, especially
of tho bulging and fat profits mndo by
a certain rapacious gang who surround
Sir Bobert Borden and his so-callefl
"union" govornment.
Tho Patriotic Fund is a beggarly way
of increasing the allowance to soldiers'
dependents. Theso do not liko to bo
tho objects of charity, as thoy aro
under the present system of administering thc Patriotic Fund which isn 't
w contribution through "patriotism'-
in most caBes but plain extortion from
many who can ill-afford to pay owing
to their own poverty by renson of their
unorganized state.
Following is tho resolution which was
passed by tho Trados and Labor Council:
"That wo request the Dominion gov-
ornmont to take ovor und administer
tho Patriotic Fund, with an equal allowance to all dependents, nnd that we
continue oar support tor a period of
four months; and we further instruct
our membership that on and after Dec.
1, 1917, to refuse further support to
the Patriotic Fund.
"Also thnt n copy of this report ne
sent to all Trades and Labor Councils
nnd tho Trades and Lnbor Congress of
which represent
true economy--
$1S, $18. $20. $25, $27.50
$30, $35, $40
STYLES and fabrics
without number.
Under Our Right-Selling Plan
we do not have any "January
Clearance" or other so-termed
"sales," because we price our
goods so reasonably that
"sales" are not necessary and
our regular prices are as low
as prices elsewhere during
their "sales."
C-'BTrigfetlliirtScW/ner ft Mua
A Labor Man  Represents
******      ******      ******      ******
Opposition In Old London
Meeting   of Warehousemen.
Under the direction of the officers of
the Teamsters' & Chauffeurs' loeal, a
meeting of the warehousmen of the city
will he held at Labor temple tonight.
Workers of Westminster district—Tnke a
crack Bt Borden by voting for the Liberal
candidate, Major Ramsay. ***
Promoter Blunt Cigars Unfair.
Old time members of organized labor
remember W. T. It. Preston, who in the
eurly days of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, was an active trade uni-
oniHt. Mr. Preston is now in London and
it was he who issued the manifesto to the
soldiers on behalf of the Liberal enndt
dates warning the soldiers against the
evil designs of the fiorden-Profits government.   The manifesto says:
"Fellow Citizens of Canada.—Under
instructions from Sir Itobert Borden's
cabinet, army officers now filling safety
jobs in England are mobilized to organize
for the purpose of securing your votes
In support of the government. These
officers have been instructed through the
office of the high commissioner to do
their utmost to secure your votes for
the government candidates.
"They have been furnished with complete lists of the constituencies which
they nre charged to carry with them at
nil eosts. That Instructions of this nature .have been given from tho government lenders, justifies the allegation that
the management of the Canadian army is
political to the core.
"This action by the 'officers Is a direct
and flagrant violation of the King's
regulations. No British or allied government has existed for centuries that
permits Its army officers to exert any
political influence with the rank and file
of the forces. No British government
could hold office for an hour that would
dare to Issue such Instructions to its
army office. No British officer from
the commander-in-chief to the lowliest
subaltern would take such instructions
from any government.
"If the Canadian officer has no better
conception of the dignity and honor
whieh goes with his commission, you
men of the rank and file should teach a
lesson hy flatly refusing to be led In this
"It is no secret that this horde of
'cushy' officers, who have never been to
the front and never Intend to be, will
organize and distribute a floating vote
to constituencies which, but for them
would ensure the defeat of the government candidates.
"This floating vote can name tho particular constituency In which it desires
to vote and will consist flrst, of soldiers
who may not know the name of their
own constituency, or secondly of soldiers who were not domiciled before enlisting long enough In Canada to be
entitled to vote nnd therefore were not
registered,  or  it  mny  comprise    those
thousand or American citizens who have
been extended the Canadian franchise
by the War  Elections Act.
"By marshalling and dividing this vote
in certain constituencies, as these officers most assuredly will attempt to do
they expect to throttle the honest voice
of the Dominion electors. This is now
being automatically and systematically
and officially arranged.
"The man who steals your franohlse
commits a greater offence thon if he
deliberately   stole  your  purse.
"Soldiers of the Dominion, both Canadians and Americans, I appeal to you to
show your disapproval of this rascally
conduct of thc government in bo instructing these officers in this attempt
to organize the soldier vote of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The Canadian
army both at home and abroad must be
cleared of its political character*
scotch' it as you would a venomous-
headed reptile, show your determination
on this by marking your ballot paper '1
"ote for opposition (scotch).'
"On behulf of Liberal candidates."
Union Made
$3.50 and $4.00
Hat Manufacturers
(But. Hastings and Cordova Sts.)
T S THE opening of our Big New Store for Men and Young
Men who purchase their winter suit or overcoat from us. We
have combed the markets of the United States and Canada for
this, one of the finest and largest stocks in the City of Vancouver.
Patterns and styles you won't see elsewhere, the price that you
want to pay.
Suits in all sizes and all styles
Prices $15, $18, $20, $25, $30
Men's Overcoats in almost
every style made. . . Sizes
from 32 to 46. . Prices $15,
$18, $20 and $25 at
Dicks Ltd.
The Big New Union Store for Men
53 HASTINGS STREET WEST Opposite Pantages Theatre


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