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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 9, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 45
(In Vancouver*
Oity. 12.00 ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
(Democracy to Be Raped By
Hamstringing  the
(Achievement That Should
1 Make German Diplomats
Turn Green With Envy
I; 1 posession of a , complete copy
at the War-Time Elections Act,
tts amended and affected by the
War-Time Election Act, 1917, and
the Military Voter's Act, 1917,
with instructions for the> guidance
if returning officers, their deputes and enumerators. It is a veri-
-able masterpiece of low political
ntrigue and shameless roguery;
I in achievement in moral turpitude that makes the noblest efforts of the German kaiser and his
junkers along this line, sink into
[jetty insignificance in comparison. It should go down in history,
ind it no doubt will, as the crowning triumph of that school of Canadian   statesmanship   that   expresses thc soul and the psycho-
Bogy of those now dominant interests in the Dominion, that are
^gorging themselves upon  the hmeious
feast that the god of wur hath spread
■before them, and at the same time voci-
Hferously asservuting their probity and
ipatriotism, while the bloody slaver drips
from their cruel jaws.
The following, whieh applies to the
I>rovinces of British Columbia, Alberta,
Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Prince Ed-
vard Island and Unorganized Ontario,
s worthy of most careful perusal by
■'very ono who is laboring under the
MeluBion that ho or ahe Ib legally nnd
iroperly entitled to vote at the forthcoming election.
Tho manner of compiling the list and
tutting it iuto operation at the polls
will vary iu different provinces. In Brinish Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan.
^Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and
Ihe municipally unorganized districts
if Ontario the manner of compiling and
jutting into operation the lists under
he act is precisely tbe sumo in every
particular.. Tbo. applicable aee tions are
142, 44, 46, 48, 49, 60, 51, BlB,-8fc, 05A
paragraph 4 and 07 (4).
In the provinces just referred to, in-
.hiding municipally unorganized Onta-
*io, the enumerators will mako lists by
polling divisions, oue enumerator to
each polling division. They are appointed immediately after the.issue of
the writs of election and ut once begin
ihe compilation of the lists. They MAY
adopt as u basis list uny existing or
Former provincinl or municipal list, adding names of qualified persons to or
taking names of non-qualified or disqualified persons from it, or both adding and tuking from, as tbe conditions
tnuy require. They will secure the ne-
•essury information in the milliner most
■satisfactory to themselves, by personnl
visit to thc homes or working places of
he electors, or otherwise ut their dis-
Iiretion. They require no oath or statutory declaration. They may accept
cro.lible informntion from other persons
thud an olector. They ure entitled to
sec are from the logal custodian of .provincial or municipal lists necessary
certified copies for a nominul fee. (See-
"nn 37, subsection (5).
Fifteen days before thc polling day
they will complete and post up two cop-
of the list so made, mail copies to
candidates and retain a copy for revision, (Section 48). They then sit
two hours per day for ten days pre-
truing polling dny to revise the list*, to
answer inquiries and to execute any
necessary transfers of tho votes of election officers and agents who may have
to be away from the polling division on
polling day on election business. (Sections 48 and 59). Up to and including
the fifth dny before polling day the
enumerator may revise his list ns provided by soction 49. Two days before
polling1 day it is certified by the enumerator. (Sections 48, 59 and 50.)
During the revision the enumerator
may upon the representation of any
credible person add or or strike from
the list any name . (Section 49), At
some time between the second day before polling day and 0 o'clock in the
morning of polling dny the enumerator
will deliver the certified list direct to
tho deputy returning officer for the polling district.   (Section 51).
There nro no printed lists, (Note
section 02), The enumerator sits within (Bee section 137) or near the polling
place (preferably not in the polling
place) on polling day, and electors
whose names are not on tho list may
appear before him and be examined as
to their right to vote notwithstanding.
In proper cases they may be granted
certificates entitling them to vote. Any
person who applies for n certificate nnd
nfter examination is refused is entitled
to a written declaration of refusal,
which entitles him to a ballot, which
after marking is onclosed in an envelope nnd mny be counted upon proof of
right In,recount proceedings subsequent
to polling duy. The vote of any person
whose name is on the list may bo challenged undor oath upon circiimstnntinl
grounds by any ngent of n candidate,
whereupon such person's ballot must bo
deposited in an envelope with the Btitoo
conseouences ns in tho case of a person who votes upon a declaration of re-
f jsnl by the enumerator. Tho deputy
returning, officer and enumerator must
be two .different persons, They have
different and independent duties to perform on polling dny. This statement
does not apply to the provinco of Nova
Scotia or to cities or towns of Ontario
referred to in section 05A, paragraph
'M tho provinces of British Columbia,
Alberta,      Saskatchewan,     Manitoba,
Prince Edward Island and in municipal-
, ly unorgnnized  Ontario,  all male  and
Meetings Wif
From Nowi
Vote Is1
Campaign Manaj^Hfielena Out'
teridge, of the Van^Btt section of
the B. C. F. of It,, aflgjgges that the
first meeting of the <3 Igu iu Van
couver South will ■HP' place, next
Tuesday evening, Nov. 13, in Fraser
hall, eorner Fraser and Forty-eighth
avenues, when Candidates McVety and
Midgley will address the meeting.
The Vietoria election committee of
the B. C. F, of L., will open, its campaign tomorrow evening in the Capital
City. E. T. Kingsley, associate editor
of The Federationist, will be one of
the speakers, along with Candidate A.
S. Wells.
Every wage-worker in the province
should .attend the Labor campaign
meetings of the, next few weeks, so
that they will hear ilrst hand a whole
lot of things that even The Federationist ennnot put into print.
Remember: The real "indoor sport"
begins after Nov. 10. There IS a
Amicable Settlement Effected With All Electrical
"Signed, sealed and delivered,"
said Business Ageut "Teddy" Morrison of the Electrical Workers' yesterday when askod as to the progress
of negotiations with the Western Canada Power Co. The company hns
signed tho new ngreement with its employees. This is for an eight-hour day
and the following scale of wages:
Foremen linemen, $0.30 a day; journeymen linemen, $5.00; cable foremen,
$7.75; cable Bplicers, $6.55; foremen
patrolmen, $0.30; journeymen patrol-
mon, $5.00; foremen operators, $150
per month; journeymen operators,
$5.21); knot trimmers, $4.80; telephone
installers and switchboard men, $5.00;
metcrraen, $5.00; track bonders, $5.60;
groundmeu, $4.10.
female voters qualified and not disqualified will be registered as voters.
From thc above it will be seen that
thero is no voter's list now in existence, that will be In use at tbe election
next month. The Hst to be then used
is still to be made. It is to be prepared by no army of "enumerators" appointed by the government that now
sits at Ottawa without other mandate
thnn that of its own usurped authority.
Needless to soy that those precious
"enumerators" will bc appointed from
those whose loyalty to this scheme of
election winning,by intrigue so vile thnt
it would make u-porch-climber blush, is
beyond q.iesti<Ai, at loast to the extent
of six, eight or ton dollars worth por
diem, during the length of tbe engagement. And these worthy "enumerators '' are authorized to secure the
necessary information (to either qualify
or disqualify the voter) in the manner
most "satisfactory to themselves, by
personnl visit to the homes or working
places of the electors, or otherwise at
tlieir discretion. They require no oath
or statutory declaration. They may accept credible information from other
persons than nn elector.
In other words, those "enumerators"
aro empowered to qualify or disqualify
thoso who wish to exercise the right of
franchise. They are to ubc their own
"discretion," They may accept the
tules brought to them by meddlesome
busybodies or thoae who may be actuated by the most ulterior of motives.
To make a long story short, they have
absolute authority to keep everybody
off the Hst who, in their "discretion,"
should not be nllowed to vote. It requires no stretch of the imagination to
know that thc "discretion" of such
appointees must bo circumscribed by
the requirements of the appointing
purer. A list is to be made up thut
wiU inatre the return of the schemers
that huve hatched this "Unionist government" abortion, if possible. That
is the purpose of the abcoc provisions
of the precious act.
The last clause of the above clipping
is well worthy of close perusal by all
would-be voters. All who aro qualified
voters and not disqualified will bo put
on the list. No discrimination is tu be
made between mule and female voters.
Labor   Congress   Initiates
Nation-Wide Movement
at Montreal
MONTREAL, Nov. 4.—With the approval of the Trades and Labor CongresB of Canada, the projected third
party was organized in the Labor temple of thiB city yesterday and today at
a eonvention of nearly 2000 Labor men.
President J. C. Watters of the
Trades and Labor Congress, and Secretary P. M. Draper, indicated that the
Congress was fathering the new party
only up to its organization and proposed to aet independently of the
Labor party, both in the interests of
the Congress and the party itself.
The first resolution by the new-
party was one condemning all kinds
of militarism. This was substituted
for a resolution condemning the Military Service act which had been proposed.
The following officers were elected
tonight: President, Controller J. Ainey,
Montreal; secretary, Delegate Bestion;
treasurer J. Shubert, socialist purty,
Member  of  Pile  Drivers'
Union Died of Injuries
Received at Union Bay
As a result of an accident at Union
Bay, V. I,, on Friday last, Mr, Hugh
McDonald, 31 years of uge, a member
of the Pile Drivers and Wooden
Bridgeb/jilders' union, Vancouver, died
on Sunday morning. Business Agent
W. F. IronsideB has notified the parents
of the victim at New Glasgow, Nova
Scotia, and expects word today aB to
funeral arrangements. The deceased
was in the employ of Jas. McDonald
& Co. at the timo of the accident.
The late Mr. McDonald was a charter member of the Vancouver local of
his international union,
Striking Waitresses Gothering List of
Patrons of the Unfair Cafe
The picketing of MacLeod's unfair
cafe continues with the satae tenacity
shown by thc waitresses at tbe beginning. The strike has now been going
on for a month. Various local unions
are contributing handsomely to the sop-
port of the gins on itrike, and the
picket is to be maintained unremittingly. MacLeod's cafe however, is receiving considerable patronage from u
class of professional and business man.
While some of them sneak down into
the basement by the elevator route,
and 'enter the cafe that wny, the girls
are getting a pretty good list of them,
and it was snid yesterdny that it is
the intention to publish this list so
members of organized Lubor mny know
whom of the business meu cf this city
nre opposed to waitresses receiving one
duy off in seven.
Last   Meeting   Decides   to   Continue
Present System of Business
A large nmount of routine business
was transacted at the meeting of thc
Metal Trades Council on Wednesday
night. A subject up for discussion wus
tho advisability of a business agent for
the council. Vurious opinions were expressed as to whether this would be
any advantage, and it was finally decided that the old system of the business of tbe council being looked lifter
by the executive committee was satisfactory and economical as well. The
various locals affiliated with the council have thoir own business agents and
The Reception of Conscription
Out of a total of 37,000 eligibles in
British Coluhibia under the first call
for military service, only 10,000, or less
than one-third of this numbor have
complied with the requirements of the
Military Service act, Registrar Lennie
declared today,—Daily Provinco, Nov.
If You See An Enumerator
******     ******     ******     ******
Make Him Put You On List
All the voting strength of the working cluss unlcsB the electors are on tho
lists of the enumerators, will count for
nothing. Therefore, if you see an
enumerator, nail him. It is understood
that the enumerators will bo required
to be in somo regular place two hours
a day. It is most important, therefore,
that you search out tho one selected
to take the numos of votors in your
district nnd see thut you are on the list.
The enumerator system iB the scheme
by which tho Borden "union" government is going to try to steal tlie election. It is up to the enumerators whom
thoy Bhall, or shall not, place on the
list. But if a good front is put up by
the working cluss, they will not dare
curry out anything crooked. This does
not mean that all of the enumerators
selected ore crooked. The opposite is
more likely tho case, But it docs mean
that under thc enumerator system n
lot of numes will bo left off, and a lot
of persons who should be entitled to
cost thoir ballots in the federnl elections on December 17 nre going to be
left off. This is part of the scheme.
The Tory machine is going to Bee that
every dyed-in-the-wool supporter of
Sir Robert. Borden's gang of profiteers,
food hogs and conscrlptionlsts ure on
the list and that tbey vote.
The unionists are praying for u small
vote. By means of the cumbersome
nnd criminally expensive "enumerator" Bystem, thc number thnt will be
allowed to vote is likely to be small
and insofar ub possible, hand-picked.
So, if you see an enumerator, get
on tbo list, und, if you nre refused, report thc matter to The Federationist
Strike Lasts Only a Week and Finn
Decides to Sign Up
The strike In thc muchinc shop of
Hutchinson Bros., Victoria, is now settled and a number of machinists havo
been sent over there to work under the
new agreement. The cause of the
trouble, which has been removed, wns
that handy men were put on machinists' work. Everything now is running
smoothly. The Machinists' organization is in splendid shape and there arc
very few of th« trade in Victoria who
do not curry curds.
Received Unanimous Nomination at the Nelson
Liberals May Stay Out and
Support the Choice
of Labor
NELSON, B. 0., Nov. 8.—{Special
to The Federationist.)—At the convention of representatives of unions
throughout West Kootenay here on
Wednesday, Alderman Austin of thiB
city received the unanimous nomination of Labor as a candidate against
all-comers in fhe federal election. Aid.
Austin is one of the hiost widely-
known trade unionists in the district
and will command the confidence und
support of the miners. By all tho rales
of prognostication he should be elected.
So strong is the sentiment in this
riding against the "union" government that there is a possibility of the
liberals refusing to place a cundidute
in the Held nt their convention here
next Wednesday, as was anticipated.
While they may not go so far us to
endorse thc candidature of Aid. Austin
it is said thut the Labor candidate
will receive considerable support in
that, quarter,
AV. D. Willson, ex-mayor of Rossland
and provincinl member for that district, will unqualifiedly support the election of Aid. Austin.
Arrangements Have Been
Made for Use of Whole
Labor Temple Floor
A monster whist drive and dance
will be held at the Labor Temple,
whole top floor, on the 16th, in aid of
the campaign fund of the B. C, F. of
L. candidates who are contesting several ridings in the federal election
campaign. Miss Helena Gutteridge,
campaign manager, is about the busiest
person in Vancouvor with all the details of the campaign. In this connection the whist drive and dance is going
to play considerable o^rt» pnrt, for, by
tljis menns/s'omo of tho-necessary ''sinews of war" will be raised, which is
a most important factor, for it takes
money to run a Campaign, Miss Gutteridge bus appeared before most of
the locals und appealed for funds, nnd
reports considerable success in this direction.
TieketB for the whist drive and dance
may be obtained from any bjsiness
agent, or nt Room 210, Lnbor Temple,
which is the office of the manager.
The whist and dance will be in
charge of the following committee:
Birt Showier, Teamsters; A. N. Hnr-
rington, Stage Employees; A. O. Hanson, Motion Picture Operators; W. Y.
Murdock, Electrical Workers.
Straight Talk By Vancouver
Overseas   Unionist
Who Knows
In order to swell the patriotic chorus
of frenzied squawkB for the Bonding to
Europe of more human sacrifices for
immolation upon thc glorious altar of
Canada's self-sacrificing commercialism, The Federationist takes pleasure
in offering thc following contribution
to tho loyal noise. It Ib culled from
a private letter from n soldier of Canada who has evidently been much
nearer the firing line thnn the load-
mouthed warriors, both male and female, who create such n din shooting
off their mouths here in Vancouvor, It
might be effectively used by the patriotic campaigners of the grotesque
"Unionist" adventure, na a caVnpaigu
document of no little virtue of the
"win-the-war" battleery, thnt rolleth
steiitoriously forth from their sacrifl-
t'inl thnmts.
Extract from letter from Eye Hospital, Folkestone:
"Beforo sending over a now army
thc Cnnndinn government should get
busy nnd ship over the men it hns
hanging around this country who have
never been to France and never intend
to go if they cnn avoid it. It sure riles
us fellows who' have received our
bumps to sec these sergeants und ollicers running uround huving n good
time nt the government's expense. . . .
This hospital could have been made un
ideal hospital, but thc Dominion ofti-
einls, with their usual aptitude, have
turned it into the reverse. There are
more orderlies bunging uround it,
holding down easy jobs, than there ure
patients. Thc former take precedence
over us boys in blue in everything. We
have lo line up Unfit they have been
served at meal times before we receive
our Muck,' while it does no good it'
we muke a holler."
O. P. R- Lays Off Hen
Word has beon received that the
C. P. R. hus started to lay off men In
the mechanical and curshops departments on lines from Fort William westward. Men already have been laid
off at Winnipeg nnd Calgary.
Campaign Committee Meets
The campaign committee of tho H. C.
F. of L.. Vancouver, will men;! Tuesday
night, Nov. IS, instead of Monday.
Big Fernie Convention Last
Sunday Selected President of District 18
FERNIE, B. 0., Nov. 5-At n special
convention of unionists held in the
Miners' union hall here toduy, Thomas
Biggs, president of District 18, United
Mine Workers of America, was nominated as the Labor candidate for the
East Kootenay federal riding.
Mr. Biggs is woll known in the mining circles of East Kootenay and Alberta, haying been secretary und vice-
president of the Miners' union for the
past 15 years and at thc last miners'
election was elected president by a
large majority.
The convention was very welh attended, delegates coming in from Corbln, Michel, Cranbrook, Kimberley,
Moyie and Natal.
Employment   Sharks  Still
Thriving on Unsophisticated Workers
Complaints 'have been repeatedly
mude to Tbe Federationist covering the
treatment of employees at un evaporating plant in Ladner, conducted by the
Dry Products Co. The jobs are farmed
out by u Carrall street employment
shark nnmed W. Waine, Vancouver,
with a promise of $3 per ten-hour day
and $1 u day for board. For which,
of course, the employment agency first
requires $1 from each victim for the
"situation." Upon arrival at the job
thc prospective job-holders learn that
the board bill is (9 per week, not $7.
They are required to work overtime and
Sundays nt the flat-rate basis of payment. Chinese and white girls are employed inside, while the "white"
workers are allocated to thc outside
work. There is one lonely returned
soldier employed on the whole job, as
a watchman. The eompany is filling
government war contracts, chiefly potatoes. Before hiring with this outfit
it might be well for job-seekers to do
their Inquiring in advance, and thus
save time and money,
Waitresses Have Arranged for Big
Social Affair at Dominion Hall
Tho amusement committee selected
by the Cooks, Waiters und Waitresses'
union, headed by Joe Richard, announces tbat all arrangements for the
big dance on Nov. 21 are now complete
and indications nre thnt this ufTuir will
be even lurger nnd more successful than
tbe dance last month. Weaver's orchestra hus been engnged for the occasion. Hub-committees have been appointed and all details thoroughly
worked out, A number of the waitresses who arc picketing McLeod's
cafe are on the committee which will
be in charge of the dunce. The last
dance was so sueeessf.il that it is generally urged thut the suitresses give
a dunce at loast once u month during
the winter.
Signing By Coughlan's of All-Union
Agreement Increases Local Union
The regular meeting of the Shipyard
Helpers will be held nt the Labor
Temple tonight and in point of initiations it is expected to bc a record gathering. When John Coughlan & Sons,
following thc strike at their shipyard,
signed uu all-union agreement, there
wus a rush of the laborers in that yard
to join the local, with the result thut
nt least u hundred new members ure
expected to be enrolled tonight, according to W, Hardy, tho business
Who Sold Industrial Conscription?
It was reported Inst night thnt the
local exemption boards were temporarily exempting men engaged on necessary national service work, but these
were told that if they censed work Ihey
were at once liable for military duty.
Mass-Meeting  Last  Night
Made Decision—Aid
for Waitresses'
The Curpenters met last night at the
Labor Temple and, after considering
the matter of wuges end the ever-present problem of the increasing high cost
of living decided to ask for on increased scale of wnges, Tbey arc now
receiving $4.50 per eight-hour day, and
they will demand a wage of $5, to go
into effect on February 4, 1918. The
meeting wns very largely attended,
there being 521 members in the hall.
The Amalgamated Carpenters' have
voted $10 in aid of the striking Waitresses' at McLeod cafe. The Sheet
Metal Workers also voted $10 to this
purpose. Labor intends to stay with
the girls in the light -.-until success
crowns their efforts.
James Lockwood to Contest
West Algoma, Ontario;
Against All-Comers
A dispatch from Sault §te. Marie,
Ont., says that the Labor party in West
Algoma constituency has decided emphatically to go it alone in the federal
election. The members have looked
'over the other political possibilities and
have reached tne conclusion that there
is no way out but to tackle the job
themselves. Tbelr candidate is James
Lockwood, an old-time member of the
Paper Makers' union. He will be opposed by a straight Liberal and a
Union-Conservative candidate. '' We
.think we can win," concludes the dis-
Ipatch, "and we will certainly do our
utmost to join hands with the-rest of
Lubor all over Canada in the securing
of direct representation for wage-work-
War-Time Election and Military Service Acts Budding Into Reality
From the columns of the local daily
press The Federationist learns that the
ground work hus been completed for
the creation of a voters' list that iB
calculated to mnke tbe forthcoming
election safe for the most reckless band
of reactionaries that ever set out to
hamstring democracy nnd stub liberty
in the buck. The "enumerators"
under the infamous ''War-Time Election Act ■' have beon appointed and
the stuge set. In tho sume columns
nnd upon the same dny it is also disclosed, that iu spite of the welt known
overwhelming enthusiasm for conscription that has persistently swept Canada like unto a verirnble cyclone ever
sttJce tbe question of conscription slav-
ry was first broached, but a Bmall percentage of the eligibles under the Militnry Service act, and who wore referred to ua "our loving subjects" in a
proclamation recently issued, huve, for
some mysterious reason, complied with
its mandatory provision to register for
thc sacrifice. And dire threats and
grave warnings terrifylngly thrust
themselves upon the recalcitrants from
every hand and jail doors olank hungrily, ominously aud suggestively.
In view of the fact that these two
superlative achievements of high-class
Canadian statesmanship, the Wnr-time
Election act, uud the Militnry Service
net, nre coming into full flower und
fruitage in such close juxtn-position in
matter of time, by whnt mysterious alchemy do the conspirators expect to
make soothing and helpful political
medicine out of tho Interesting situn-
t i oil f
People's Forum Meeting
Mr. Fleming will lecture on Sunday,
Nov. II, at 2:80 p.m., in the O'Brien
hall, on "Christianity and the Present
War." Questions uud discussion. Admission free.
A Tory Lesson In Economy
******      ******     ******      ******
As a Win-the-War Measure
Whether tho Burden union government will bc succssful in the plans lo
steal the election or not is a question
which remains to be settled ou December 17, election day, but there is no
question us to what the peoplo will
have to pay for tho attempt. In all
Canada there are to be 20,000 enumerators. They will receive $(1 per day.
They will have 40 days before them
between now and election dny. Figure
it out yourself. The round sum will lie
something like $4)800,000. This expense! is in addition to many incidental
expenses nf election which may double
thut amount. A considerable "touch"
on the pockets of the tnx-burd<-ncil,
profiteered, common people. But the
Borden band cares nothing about thc
cost. They must win the election nt
all hazards, they believe.
There is one very noticeable thing
about the whole situation. Not a solitary big interest in the Country, nor
food speculator, .shark, hog or profiteers
is against the Borden government. All
tho railway corporations, banking institutions, trust companies—in fact thc
big moneyed interests, have got behind
the   Borden   "1'nion"   government  to
win what? The wart Guess again.
What they want to win is the election.
The wur is the least of their worries.
They desire to continue in offlce the
government that has been so good to
them, The government which has permitted them to rob the soldiers and
common people right and left, up and
down und inside und out.      '
Meanwhile, a few sanctimonious fakers in Vancouver uro boosting luodly
to "win-the-war" thinking to blind the
pooplo to the real facts. It is amusing
to watch the ''win-the-war" crowd
fighting for office al this moment. The
Conservutive pnrty, the '■' win-the-war "
crowd and a bunch of self-seeking Liberals got togothor, had a few tights,
thon arranged a tentative truce. At
present there is a great- deal of trouble
among them deciding which is to run
for ofllce. They believe they have so
successfully blinded the eyes of the
people us to make their election n certainty. It is a rotten business nil
through, und the people of the country
can see through the patriotic veneer at
thc bottom of which is a great desire
to get into ofllce at whatever cost to
the common purse and line up at the
jiputronuge and war profit trough.
Mass-Meeting of Strikers
at 10 o'Clock This
Want Eight-Hour Day and
Ten-Hour Pay, With
Overtime        \
At 11:30 last night the 300 memben
of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and
Butcher Workmen's onion, No. 643,
voted unanimously to go on strike 80
miiutes later, at midnight. The strike
for the present only affects the packing-house employees, about one-half of
the membership, but if need be tbe
meat cutters will join, the strikers. >
Negotiations up to last evening With ,
tbe local management of P. Burns A
Co. failed to reach a satisfactory
agreement. The .strikers want an
eight-hour day with the ten-hour-d»y
pny, and time and one-half for overtime.
A mass-meeting of the men involved
will be held in the Labor Temple this
morning ut 10 o'clock wben it is not
unlikely that an amicable settlement
will be made. Otherwise, there will
likely bo ''meatless days" in this city
without the aid of the federal food controller. Full particulars of the demands of the men were given in the
last issue of The Federationist.
Hanna  Still  Abets  Food
Sharks and  Other
Didn't one of the the daily papers
publish some days ago that the "advisory '' committee of the food controller
for Canada had determined that the
price of potatoes should be $1.60 a
sack! If the committee did not do so,
then what did it dot Did it merely
hold a meeting and decide thnt' il*W
for a sack of spuds was quite sufficient
for the farmer to get a proflt, and tke
wholesaler to dip his fist int Then
what further waa done about itf
As a matter of fact, it begins to look
as if Food Controller Hanna ii getting
through his job with as little aetual effort and ns little accomplishment ae
possible.. He hasn't done a solitary
thing—except institute a needless ba-
eouless and meatless day—since he was
entrusted with the undertaking of
"controlling" food in Cnnada. Notice
that he is not food "price" controller.
Merely controller ef tho food.
It is another instance of thc munner
in which the Borden government
"bunks" tho public for politicul reasons.
Ultima may ur may not bave nuthority to set prices. He hnsn 't dono so
yet. Meanwhile, food sharks locally and
everywhere else without doubt nre preparing to duplicate their big hauls of
lust yenr and to go even stronger this
year. The war is made the excuse for
high prices, aud where under ordinary
conditions they couldn't get away with
it, because there is war it is made the
excuse for robbing the people wholesale, rotoil and in between.
As to potatoes, it is stated on good
authority that certain interests are already commencing to hoard them and
hold them for n rise In price. The Bri- -
tish Columbia crop, It is understood,
has not been nn over-production for
some crops were blighted and others
haven't been especially prolific in spite
of the larger acreage reported to have
been planted.
Reeve T. W. Fletcher of Point Grey
is chairman of thc local food "advisory" committee. Tbis committee has
ulreudy done mjch ''advising," but
Hanna and that crowd pay not tbe
leust attention to what may be "advised,"' and ns for setting a limit on
the price people have to puy for staple
foodstuffs, thoy never would do that,
for it would meun food speculator and
profiteers would not make their accustomed huge profits. Aud all food sharks
and other brands of pirates who rob the
people arc friendly toward the new Borden government
Organisation  Formed   Monday  Night
With 30 Members
A new local was started on Monday
night with very excellent prOBpects.
This wns the automobile repair men,
who will be known as local No. 720
of the International Association of Machinists. Thirty members were initiated und the following officers were
installed: President, It. W. Yonngash;
vice-president, R. Howard; recording
secretary, R, Storm; Financial Secretnry Attwood; Treasurer Snyder; Conductor Minnett; Sentinel Loomer. F.
Ilannn wns elected past president. Tho
new local has good prospects Of signing up the majority in the automobile
repair industry. The meeting was addressed by J. Lyons of local 777.
Twenty New Members
Last Snturdny afternoon, local No.
777, thc Machinists, initiated 20 new
members and applications wore received
from 15 more. This organization is
steadily gaining strength ns machinists realize the benefits to be obtained
and aro coming out of shops hitherto
uot well organized.
Work Slackens Up
The I. I.. A. locnl reports that tho
port  is very  slack   now, and  thore is
less  work   tInn.  there    has    been   tot
three or four months. PAGE TWO
PBIDAY. .November 9, 191T
^    Can You Pass        '
Military Examinations?
THE teeth ard one of the most important parts of nn examination for military service. Why is this! It is because a
taan with poor teeth can not pOBBibly mako a good soldier. He
is subject to many diseases.
Decayed and missing teeth arc directly responsible for many
serious diseases.
AVE DR. LOWE, the dentist, oxaminc your tooth, and ud-
vtso you what is necessary to place thom in perfect condi-
DR. LOWE replaces missing teeth with teeth that will give
you long continued service.   They will look as well and do
the work aa well as good, natural teeth.
OwnoHtc t_)c____vt__ Bifl AUyvo,
Arnold & Quigley
2600 Men's High-grade Suite, Overcoats and Raincoats—
at Extraordinary low Prices—
Up to tM Men'i
Suits 813.85
Up to $20 Overcoats 814.75
Vp to $25 Men'i
Suits 816.75
Up to $25 Overcoats 816.75
Up to »30 Men'
suits 819.85
Up to $30 Overcoats 819.75
Up to $32 Men'i
Suits 823.85
Up to 435 Overcoats 823.85
Up to $35 Men'f
Suits 826.75
Up to $40 Overcoats 828.85
Knock the "hel" out of Wilhelm—Buy a Victory Bond
Arnold & Quigley
This is Everybody's Shoe Store
This shoe store looks after the shoe requirements of everybody.
We've the Best Shoes we know anything about, and we claim
to know "considerable" about shoes.
Take a look at any of our, shoes—then try to match them at _
the prioe elsewhere, if you can.
The Ingiedew Shoe Co.
When you need a Hat
—TM afttanll-r look for ft shop tbftt keep.
Iks fresteet lesorlment of SHAPES Mid
OET A "1, * P " HAT      I
—sltker ft CHOICE SOFT FELT, or ft
NATTTLOOKINO DERBY and you sre •■■
land of tke exact shade you wish, as wetl
IS being perfect!)- fitted.
DERBYS and SOFT HATS .. 13.00 to 16.00
CAPS    11.00 to 12.50
Richardson & Potts Ltd..
Nmt Comer Haitian, Stint Eait
Famous "Empress" Coffee
is now sold at 40c per lb.
INSTEAD of 50c per tb.; you can now save that 10c. "Empress" Coffoo
is now packed in double-lined, sealed sanitary bags. Tin containers
mako retail coffee prices 10c more and we are introducing the new package to save you that 10c.
It's the same famous "Empress" Coffoo sold under tho same famous
"money back" guarantee,
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try om Fes Ooal for you underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
iooi madi nun
Small Comfort for "Trade War" Scientists and "Capitalist War" Vociferators Who Make the Welkin Ring
With Their Nonsense About Peace Where There
Is No Possible Chance of Peace at Any Price
Disgraceful    Practice    of
Courts Arouses Much
California   Justice   Raises
Storm of Protest and
[By Workers Defence League]
From Petrograd to Seattle, from Amsterdam to Yucatan from London to
San Franeiaco by tbo 'Goldon Gate,
como tho proteata of the world againat
tho infamoui Fickert-Swnnaon-Koator
frame-up gang, which ruaked fivo inno-
ceitt work-ors to tho ftwt of the Btate
gallows becauae of their loyalty to
Thesj proteata come; not from the
workers alono, but from tho moat intelligent mon of evory grado of life.
From G-eorge Bernard Shaw, the great
Irish satirist, to Father Tim Dempsey,
the popular Irish pastor of St. Louis;
from Mayor Curloy of Boston to Dr.
McNutt of the San Fronciaco chamber
of commerce, coine protesta of equal
sincerity and disgust at the murdorous
tactica uaed by the Fickert thugs to
disrupt tho tradea union movement in
San Franeiaco.
The proteata which follow apeak fo?
Frank P. Walsh (chairman of the Industrial relations committee, and vice-
president of the American Alliance for
Labor and Democracy); "I have been
overwhelmed with the thought that
auch a travesty upon justice could take
place within too borders of our nation.
Unless the real heart of America is
aroused, Tom Mooney will be foully
murdered on the sharp edge of legal
technicality. 'Lovers of liberty everywhere muat demand a new trial for
Mooney and hia immediate release on
bond. If San Francisco does not willingly right tho monstrous wrong, let
prbud America erase the filthy smear
from tho bright escutcheon of jurisprudence. Froe the victims of the San
Francisco chamber of commerce."
Scoring the Press
W. M. Reedy (distinguished St. Louis
editor and publicist): "The charges of
frame-up are so positive and sweeping
that one feels that justice will miscarry
if these mon are not given now trials.
The great body of damning charges
made by the labor people should bo
thoroughly sifted. The ignoring of the
taattor by tho daily press—'the palladium of our liberties'—seems to justify
tho designation hurled at it by labor—
' the capitalistic press.'''
Hon. W. Bourke Oockran (famous
Irish leader and noted attorney): "After having read the transcript of the
Billings case I became thoroughly convinced of the absolute innocence of all
the accused. I have reached the deliberate conclusion that tho appalling judicial crime committed against Mooney
will nover' be allowed to reach the consummation which induced its perpetrators to plan it. I am vonvinced that
the justice which appears to havo fled
from the California courts will be found
to have taken refuge in the bosoms of
the men and womon who constitute the
masses of our population, and their decision will be enforced againat the officials who have forsworn their oaths to
satisfy thc malice and cupidity of corporation employers."
Believes Men Innocent,
Daniel Murphy (prosldent of the
California State Fedoration of Labor):
"I believe as strongly as any man can
believe that Nolan and his co-defendants are as innocent as they possibly
can be. The prosecuting officials of
San Francisco have deliberately attempted to got convictions for their
own aggrandizement. Thoy have said,
in effect, that-if these menVere not
guilty, they should be hung, anyhow."
Frank Harris (noted literary man
and editor of Pearson's Magazine):
"Tom Mdonoy'a innocence was ' mado
clear by the trial. It was admitted
by every impartial investigator. His
alibi was established hy twenty-five
witnesses and buttrossed by sixteen
photographs. And yet Mooney was
condemned to death. Think of it. An
innocent man to bo murdered in cold
blood by you and by me, by our laws
and our justice; a man who not only
never committed tho crime, but regards it with loathing, ns insensate,
malevolent, horrible. Such a judicial
murder is worse than a thousand murders of passion, or of hatred, or evon
of greed. It shocks the conscienco of
humanity and brings justico into contempt. One word, I think, may be said
to these capitalists: It is extremely un-
wiso of them to pervert the law and
diminish men'a faith in thc justice of
the courts. Thoy mny find ono day thnt
belief in the impartial judgment of thc
courts is tho only barrier botwecn them
and mob violence."
Shaw Is Sarcastic.
George Bernard Shnw (tho famous
Irish playwright and satirirst) writing
to Frank Harris on the Mooney case,
says: "That sort of thing is alwaya
going on in America. What is tho use
of writing at tho angry apef If he
won't listen to Shakespeare ho won't
listen to mo. I have no illusions about
the Golden West; probably, however,
it only appears to be the worst place
in tho world politically and judicially,
because thero is Iobs hushing up; that
is, less solidarity among tho governing
class than in England and Russia."
Paul Scharrenborg (secretary of the
California State Federation of Labor):
"District Attorney Fickort of this fair
but unfortunate city of Snn Francisco
very nearly succeeded in carrying
through a diabolical plot to sond a
human being to tho gallows on framed-
up evidence Only for the timoly Oxman disclosurea Tom Mooney would
have hung by the nock until ho was
dead. Ed Nolan and onc or two others
might have shared the snmo fate, or
received a, sentence of life imprisonment instead, were it not for the fact
tbat something slipped in that beautifully wovon web of manufactured evidence. Thia is 'law and order' beyond
the fondest expectation of tho most uncompromising labor crusher. Thia type
of 'law and order' proves that no innocent man's lifo or liborty has been
altogether safe in San Francisco with
Those unhappy American socialists
who weep and pray with conscientious
objectors against tho use of arms in
social strife and who, discovering them-
selvos in tho company of pacifists, entreat peace with the European autocrats, can flnd no comfort in the record
of Karl Marx, who thoy .profess to
Marx, the law-giver, tho prophet and
the poutifex maxim us of socialism and
founder of "L'Internationale," would
today have championed tho cause of
militant democracy und bitterly would
have assailed the Prussian autocracy
from without, or had his oxiled feet
turned homoward in time, would have
hurled the anathemas of his communistic religion at thc kaiser's head from
tho samo dungeon'« walls as now con*
fine tbo aon of his intimate friend,
History holds strange parallels. The
fiery zeal with which Karl Marx urged
thc participation of tho socialists in
the Franco-British struggle against the
Russian autocracy in 1853 afforded an
analogy with hiB later passionate avowal of the union cause during the American Civil war on precisely the same
basis as the French and English socialists are today urging and obtaining tho co-operation of the American
Scorned the Pacifists.
Pacifism is the antithesis of Marxian
revolutionary doctrines. Marx, tho
combative high priest, spent half his
lifo in crushing with prodigious scorn
the heresies of wayward followers and
Leave IL S. by Thousands to
Escape Being Seized
for Cannon Food
An unfortunate condition of affairs,
und ono -which promises serious embar
rassment to industries requiring large
supplies of labor, has been created by
the enforced enrolment of Mexican
citizens resident in tho United States
under the conscription law, says the
Mexican Review. Notwithstanding repeated assurances that it is not intend*
ed to draft them, bo much apprehension has been caused that thousands
have gono back into their own country and others are preparing to go. The
American officials intrusted with the
preparation of tw* lists have refused
to accept certificates of Mexican consuls at various points in the United
States that the bearers thereof are
Mexican citizens, though it is difficult
to understand what better proof can
be given, and they have alao refused
to recognize the provisions of the Mexican constitution that children born in
a foreign country of Mexican parentage are themsclvoa Mexican citizens
and cannot lose their rights and responsibilities as such, as is the case
with American children born in foreign countries of American parentage.
As a rosult of this unfortunate condition, the embassy in this city is overwhelmed with protests from Mexican
citizens residont in the United States
who are demanding the protection of
their government. Their apprehension
is increased by the reports of discussions in cflngreas regarding the advisability ofincluding aliens in the con*
scription and sending them into active
The miners of the southwest, tho
farmers of Texas and other states, employers of unskilled as well as skilled
labor in that portion of the country
west of the Mississippi, where tho bulk
of Mexican workers are to be found,
as well as on thc Pacific coast, numbering bundroda of thousands, find themselves threatened with a shortage of
help for crop gathering and other pur*
poses, owing to the constantly Increasing exodus of Mexicans who are returning home in order tb escape the
operation of the laws now in operation
or that may be passed governing conscription, and a very serious condition
has already arisen, which promises to
becomo still worse. The Mexican laborers are not so much the sufferers as
their former employers, as the government furnishes them transportation to
any portion of Mexico they may wish
to go, and thero is an urgent demand
for labor in many sections, notably
Yucatan, whore the highest wages and
shortest houra prevail of any portion
of the republic.
It haB beon hoped that some solution
of thia difficulty might be found which
would be just to all concerned, but at
present the condition is as noted.
"Hogs left to themselves dig their
food from the soil. It is man that
makes them acquire an appetite for
the infidelities of "Imbecile interpreters. '' The vagaries of American pacifists would have called forth
another "communistic Manifesto/? another "Eighteenth Brumaire," another
scathing "Herr Vogt," another "Address of Congratulation to Abraham
Lincoln" from his militant pen.
Tho Tribune need not speak without
authority on this matter. Karl Marx
wus one of tho brilliant writers on the
Tribune, undor the ownership of Hor*
aeo Greeley and the managing editorship of Charles A. Dana. From 1861
to the outbreak of tfce Civil war in
1S61 Marx represented tho Tribune as
its London correspondent, whilo he
"burrowod in tho British museum for
tho bricks and mortar with which he
built up his monumental work, "Capital."
AU Europo wus alive with social experiment and, presently, the revolutions
that liberated Italy, that created the
French' republic, that nearly succeeded
in democratizing Germany and that
freed the American slaves.
A Champion of. Democracy.
Karl Marx was heart and soul in
these liberations, not as an in*
surrectionist (he deplored insurrections) but aB a militant champion of
democracy, no mattor wnat form its
struggles against autocracy took.
Karl Marx worshipped. Abraham Lincoln, who "fought the war of the northern capitalists against the southern
capitalists," so that the workers of the
world might gain an advantage in
"the defeat of the worst exploiters."
This "class conscious" socialist
identified every war against an autocracy as his war. This prophet of '' economic determinism" recognized tho
evolutionary processes for the advancement of the proletariat involved in
every struggle against an autocrat. This
apostle of "social materialism" was a
sentimentalist who "went in distress"
when Lincoln, "the prosidont of a
bourgeois nation," was assassinated.
The Marx who wrote the shibboleth
of social democracy, "Proletarians of
all countries, unite," wrote to Lincoln
that'' the Star Spangled Banner carries
the destiny of our class."
Thoso socialists who ere now waving
the white flag, and protesting that
"socialists are opposed to war," and
vowing that "if they must fight they
firoposo to fight in a proletarian revo-
utlon" and insisting* that "according
to the Marxian economic interpretation
of history, all wars are capitalistic
wars" haven't a leg to stand on historically, excepting their own pacifist
logs that now "crook the pregnant
hinges of the knee" to the Prussian
autocracy.—New York Tribune.
the present district attorney In the of-
Rev. T. Dempsey (well-known St.
Louis Catholic priest): "If justice
Anally prevails, Fickert and Us employers will retain tbe loathing of all
decent men, bnt may nave, in common
with all the forces of reaction, the
comfort of nursing eternal enmity
against thc Irish World, F. P. Walsh,
tho veteran Bourke Cockran and tho
fighting trades unionists of America,
who have defeated their damnable conspiracy,"
Congressman Curley (also mayor of
Boston): "I nm satisfied that Thomas
J. Mooney and all the other defendants
aro thc victims of a frame-up, and I
will do all in my power to expose the
Francis J. Hcney (noted graft prosecutor, now special investigator for the
department of justice, Washington, D.
C): "Tho same old gang are still active. I notice that they use-J their
usual 'framoup' tactics in attempting
to stave oS Fickort's recall. God help
Mrs. Mooney and the anion boys in
tbe clutches of men like thea."
"Your obedient servant" is
the usual subscription to an
official letter.
"At your Service" is the sincere meaning behind every
Serai-ready garment.
There are twenty years of
Service behind each Semi-
ready Suit—twenty years
of proven satisfaction.
Why cannot we be your Tailor? with such genuine
Semi-ready Tailoring Service to offer you.
655 Granville St.
When speaking Into a telephone the
•e.t remits sre obtained with the
lips very close to the transmitter—
last eo thlt ther do not touch It.
Removing the lips from the trans*
mitter hae the eame effect ae jrngth*
enlof the line ia nee se follows:
One Inch lengthens the line 67
Two Inehee lengthen, the line 138
Three Inches lengthens the line 179
Four inches lengthens Ihe line 211
SEALED TENDERS, addreeeed to the
Poetmuter General, will be reoelved at Ottawa until noon, on Friday, the 7th Decern*
ber. 1017. for tbe oonveranoo of His Majesty's Hails, on a proposed contract for four
years, six tunes per week on the route be*
tween Kerrlsdale and Langarra, via Marine
Heights, Dnnbar Heights and Point Orey,
from the let April next.
Printed notices containing farther in*
formation as to conditions of proposed con*
tract may be seen and'blank forms of ten*
der may he obtained at the Post Offices of
Kerrlsdale, Marine Heights, Dnnbar Heights,
Point Orey. Langarra, and at the offlce of
the Poet Offloe Inspector.
Post Offloa Inspector.
Pest Offlee Inspector's Offlee, Vaneonver,
B. O., 101k Oeteter, MIT.
Business Suits and
Sporty Novelties
for Young Men
Some men prefer to buy their clothes in an exclusively Men's
Store, but they are fast overcoming their preference in tho
light of the advantage that our splendidly wide stocks and unquestionably better values, give them. We are making big
gains in selling every week in spite of conditions that point
ostensibly to growth in the opposite direction. We owe it to
the clothes and the values. Men are coming here who never
camo before,'directed by* men who have experienced clothes
satisfaction for themselves. We have tha Bnappy, up-to-date
•styles wanted. We have the dignified, smart-appearing business clothes men want, and we have them at prices you want
to pay, as is shown by this little lot of actual details of models
now in stook.
A subdued Dark Turplo Check Worstod	
Tho tiniest of Black nnd Groy Checks—unfinished Worsted..
A Dark Oroy with a faint wine stripo	
A Plain Oroy Worsted, a splendid offlce suit.   Price...
A Grey Pin Stripe Worsted	
A Small Checked Twoed	
A Dark Grey Tweed, a wonderful value .
A Dark Groy Check Tweed	
A Brown Worstod in a pinhead pattorn ..
Amply illustrating' the fact that wo have good suits at tho lower price
as well as the higher onee.
0. A. CBY8DALE, Manngor for B. C.
Phone Sey. 6770 for appointment and we will arrange same for your
For Sale
London, Canada.
Sales Manager for
Britlah Columbia
and Tnkon.
3118 Alborta Bt.
B. 0.
measure at ordinary prices, Only best
leather used. Family work a specialty.
Boots and Shoes also repaired.
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phon* ua day ot nlgbt
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Soy. 404-6-6
Union Station
Por sale by     *.
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fail. 2800       1828 Main Stroot
Erery Union Man Who Visits
tho Lab,or Tomplo
Should patronlio the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
A booklet which .every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
Tbe merit tnd reil worth of
this publication ie ahown br the
fact thit ilnce it wu limed oa
November, 1016, orders for thou-
eands of copies hare beea received from ill parti of tbe world
ind Additional orders are eomiog
in by every mill.
In a clear-cut and conclee style
thli booklet goea thoroughly int*
the question of the economle poiltlon of capltaliat society and the
poiltlon of the working claeies in
relation to It.
The troublesome phases of ths
relations between the capitalist
and tbe worker an dealt with In
a manner which solves In plain
and foroefnl logie many points oa
whieh tho worker of today Is often
"at sea" whoa meeting arguments.
Packages of 100 copiei or
mon, 6 cents per copy (car*
rlaff paid).
Sing Is copisi, or In any nam*
bsr np to 100 copies, 10 csnts
each (postpaid).
—ths. notsd writer om wags worksrs'
problems who haagifon ths last word on
this subject in "Ths Genesis and EtoIo-
tton of Blavsry."
Many labor organisations are now sending "repeat" orden for quantities of
this booklet, their flrat ordera having been readily disposes, of by aale or distribution. These advices atate that the booklet Is eagerly sought and read with
keen Intereat by their members.
Addnss all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
LA>oa tnmvB
tsMwni, a. o. ■■mMM
NINTH YEAR.   No. 45
(Ii Vaacoam\
Olty, $8.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
AT NO TIME in human history was the social horizon
so replete with signs of
sinister significance as now. Modern society is being hurled with
lightning speed to the verge of
a precipice over which it may
readily plunge into a repetition of
the dark ages that followed the
decay and downfall of thc Roman
empire, that empire that at one
time ruled the then known world,
unless swift and intelligent action
be taken by the lovers of liberty
and the disciples of democracy
and human progress, to stay the
ruthless hand of the sinister influences and interests that are
now plunging civilization to its
doom. Unless a halt is called, and
that within thc near future,
countless millions oi* the earth's
people will perish of starvation
and its attendant diseases, a fitting climax to the suicidal frenzy
that has already drenched the
earth with the blood of other millions of its victims.
In the face of this world holocaust oi* death and devastation
every artifice of ruling class society is used to accentuate the
horror of the awful conflict, by
appealing to the blind prejudices
and base passions of the unthinking multitude and urging it on to
ever more frenzied deeds of reckless fury and senseless slaughter.
Its statesmen chaffer like imbe-
cileB about heroic deeds and noble
aspirations,' while leaving no
stone unturned to conserve the
interests of those who profit
through blood and slaughter.
Blind to all that makes for human
progress and that blazes thc pathway to a higher and better civilization above and beyond the
curse of wars and all that now
makes them inevitable, these mediocre creatures endeavor to disguise their ineptitude and incompetence under a cloak of hypocritical verbiage, by loudly and
brazenly proclaiming the purity
of their intentions and the loftiness of their purpose in still further stirring thc passions of men
and throwing more and more
thousands of them to the cruel
Its press spreads a. veritable infection of deceit, falsehood, misrepresentation, vilification, de*
famation      and
Official Nominee of the B. C. Federation of
Stripped of all humbug and hypocrisy, that is the goal for which
the two sides to the controversy
so valiantly struggle, by feeding
their respective slaves into the
shambles ot* death, with a reckless
abandon that is almost an intoxication in its intensity and a joyous sacrifice that is a veritable
But the schemes of rulers are
manifestly going wrong. There is
developing among the wealth
producers of the various countries a conviction that the ruling
class is to lose its all as a consequence of this war. It is beyond
question that thc sensible people;
the progressive and thinking
people of all lands are passionately desirous of peace. It is also
beyond question that the interests
of the wealth producers of the
world lie solely along the path
of peace. Farmers, wage work-
era, all progressive and thinking
people, arc becoming possessed of
the knowledge, tbat all wars are
somehow  or  other fought  over
differences and disputes that flow
from and arise out of the robbery
frightfulness ol wealth producers and the dis-
throughout the land, goading thc i tribution or division and  enjoy-
thoughtless and weak to a pitch |ment-_of thc plunder so obtained.
British Columbia Federation of .Labor Enters Political Field—Takes Definite Stand
Against Reactionary and Anti-Democratic Policy of Present Government—Condemns All Profiteering Either in Time of Peace or of War—Favors the Immediate Increase of Soldier's Pay to Equal the Wages Paid in Peaceful
Industry—Demands That Ample Provision Be Made for Maintenance
of Soldiers' Dependents and That Charity Funds Be Eliminated
—A Call to All Progressive Thinkers to Rally to the Rescue
of Canada From the Poison Gas of Reaction That Now
Threatens the Complete Destruction of All Liberty
Abolition of Profit-making:
The candidates of the B.C. Federation of Labor
are determined that the flow of proflt into the
pockets of captains of industry, lords of
finance and war-mongering patriots, shall be
brought to an end and the material substance
that is now sapped up by that greedy horde
shall be turned to the far more decent purpose of satisfying the needs and' requirements
of the survivors of this ruling class debacle
and the widows, orphans and other dependents of those who may lose their lives in the
brutal struggle.
No Conscription—Military or Industrial
We are opposed to conscript servitude, either
military or industrial. Such servitude or
conscription is a complete repudiation of all
democracy, and its imposition upon a people
is essentially a triumph of reaction and a most
sinister threat against the few remaining
privileges that have been left to us out of the
struggles of the past. Conscript servitude
cannot be endured by any people worthy to
be free. The candidates of the B. C. Federation of Labor are unalterably opposed to such
an infliction upon the people of the Dominion
and will do ail they can to see that it is legally wiped out.
Decent Payment to Soldiers and Dependent*
We hold that no man should ever be called to
fight the batles of a ruling class, at any less
remuneration than that ruling class would bc
obliged to accord him in industrial pursuits.
No man should be called upon to leave his
family or other dependents to fight' the battles
of a ruling class, without the government of
that ruling class being compelled to make, at
least, as generous provision for the support
of such family or other dependents, as such
man could himBelf provide by remaining in
industrial employment. To send men to the
battlefield for a miserable pittance of $1.10
per day and leave their dependents to the tender mercies of chai-ity, even in part, is to add
insult to the infamy first heaped upon them,
No Profiteering in War Supplies
The candidates of theB.C. Federation of Labor
are pledged to use all of their power—in case
of election—to the end that the element of
profit may be entirely eliminated from all
transactions and undertakings having any
connection whatever with the equipping of
military and naval establishments and the
carrying-on of war.
Official Nominee of the B. 0. Federation of
of drunken fury and frenzied
madness, that makes the prolongation of the war-fever possible and the continuation of its
awful atrocities and horrors as
sural, while profit-hungry munition and food gamblers and
monoy and loan sharks bury thoir
hideous financial fangs still deeper into thc life blood of future
Its clergy turns pious eyes
heavenward and lolls down divine blessing upon the . glorious
spoctacl'e* of a world gone mad
over the sordid differences arising between various sections of a
brutal and conscienceless ruling
clasB, and busily engaged in committing suicide in consequence of
that madness. And in thus turning its eyes heavenward for so
base a purpose, that same clergy
emphatically turns its back upon
the Christ whom it so falsely and
hypocritically pretends to serve
and follow.
And every approved ruling
clasu institution and power is
blindly devoted to thc same end
and purpose; to the prolongation
of this terrible carnage and destruction until such time as either
one or tho other of the contending factions may stand supreme
victor in the contest and absolute
master of thc field of world exploitation   and   world   plunder.
Unanimously selected by the Vancouver
South and Burrard section of the B. 0. F.
of I., as campaign manager and treaiurer.
It is now a matter of almost
common knowledge that the en*
slaveiiicnt of the workers and
the appropriation of their
products by those who enslaved
them, has always been, and is yet,
the cornerstone of civilization.
It is upon that principle of
slavery, that has been builded all
rulo and the magnificence, the
pomp, the power and the glory
of rulers and ruling classes since
these infamous creations were
born from the womb of time.
lt is that which has made of
the earth a veritable hell of misery and degradation for thc toiling millions of her children during times of peace, and a holocaust of blood and butchery in
times of war, ever since the flrst
slave was shackled and the first
master seized the lash
It is that which has brought
the human race to the very verge
of insanity and is momentarily
threatening to plunge it over the
precipice of complete self-destruction.
It is that which is bringing this
slave civilization to suicide
A slave civilzation cannot long
There can bo no harmony, no
lasting peace within it.
Thc elements of cohesion are
not there.
There can bo nothing but strife,
turmoil, quarrelling, bickering,
cheating, lying, swindling, stealing, prejudice, passion, hatred,
war, bloodshed and slaughter, and
all that long list of crimes and
iniquities and impositions that
follow as thc legitimate offspring
of thc onc fundamental crime, the
prolific mother of all other and
lesser crimes, the crime of human
The day of reckoning is at
hand. The ruling class of all
lands today stands convicted of
being a common nuisance in the
pathway of human progress.
That ruling class will not abdicate; it must be abdicated.
It is up to the useful portion
of human society; thc wealth producers of the world; thc prog-
cssive elements In our present
civilization, to come together in
solid phalanx and for one common purpose, and that purpose
must bc to take hold of the administrative forces of the various
countries of the earth and bring
peace and order out of tbe chaos
snd war into which a hundred
centuries of class rule and class
robbery has engulfed the world,
All government must pass into
the hands of the real wealth pro-
Official Nominee of the B. G. Federation of
ducers of the world, not for thc
purpose of the producers becoming rulers over others, but for thc
purpose of spiking the guns of
that peculiarly ruling class instrument (government) and thereby
enabling humanity to move forward to a civilization that is
based upon the freedom of labor
from all rule, robbery and torture, In other words, a civilization based upon freedom and democracy.
An election for members of the
Dominion parliament at Ottawa
is to be held on Dec. 17 of this
There is every reason why the
present government should not
be returned to offlce.
There is every reason why its
various members should be elected to remain at home.
Evidently Borden and his colleagues are fully conscious of that
fact, which doubtless accounts
for their frenzied efforts to effect a return to power by exercise of tke art of camouflage:
that is, by the inauguration of
a "union" government, composed of a rare lot of ringed,
streaked and speckled political
nondescripts and mediocrities,
calculated to befool the electorate because of their variegated
political plumage.
But in spite of all pretense the
workers of this Dominion must
know that the same sordid and
unscrupulous interests that stand
behind the present government
and pull thc strings that determine its action, are also responsible for tho aggregation of multicolored political talent that it-is
purposed to inflict upon the
country for the succeeding term.
The same unscrupulous policy
of placing no obstructions in the
pathway of the noisily patriotic
interests that are reaping sucb a
glorious harvest of profit out of
the blood and agony of the men
at the front, and the robbery and
rapine of the people at home; the
same policy of impudently  re
pudiating all democracy and autocratically seizing a supposedly
free people and ruthlessly casting
them to the shambles of sacrifice;
the same unscrupulous disregard
of aU rights that are supposed
to be vested in the people of the*
Dominion as a whole, as was expressed in thc deliberate concoction of that infamy known as
the "War-Time Election Act,"
whereby the present government
has sought to make the election
safe for the conspirators, may be
expected to continue if the Borden scheme of camouflage succeeds in enabling the "union" effigy to run the gauntlet of the
Thc B. C. Federation of Labor
has decided to enter the political
field, for the purpose of enabling
its membership and all other progressive persons who find no rainbow of hope and promise in the
vapid pronouncements and policies set forth by the political
parties of class rule and class robbery, an opportunity to express
themselves politically along those
lines that are least in comsonancc
with thc needs and requirements
of the day and hour, as measured
from the standpoint of the wealth
producers of the world and the
cause of peace, freedom and' human happiness.
Realizing that wars are fought
and paid for solely by those who
■ IN	
ee of the B. 0. Ftd.fi
Official Nominee of the B. 0. Federation of
produce the weapons, munitions,
food and other supplies requisite
thereto, and by the men who
wield those weapons, and that
this payment is made, and can
only bo made iu the sweat, thc
blood, the agony, the suffering
and the death of those who produce the wealth ai the ruling
class, and those who suffer, bleed
and die upon its battlefields, we
most emphatically protest against
the infamy of any person or persons deriving any material benefit whatsoever from the horrible
bti«iness of war.
The  candidates  of  the  B. C.
Federation of Labor are pledged
to use all of their power—in case
of election—to the end that the
element of profit may bc entirely
eliminated' from all transactions
and undertakings having ony
connection whatever with the
equipping of military and naval
establishments and the carrying-
on of war.
We are opposed to conscript
servitude, either military or industrial. Such servitude or conscription is a complete repudiation of all domocracy, and its imposition upon a people is essentially a triumph of reaction and a
most sinister threat against the
few remaining privileges that
have been left to us out of the
struggles of the post. Conscript
servitude cannot be endured by
any people worthy to bo free. Tho
candidates of thc B. C. Federation of Labor aro unalterably opposed to such an infliction upon
thc people of the Dominion and
will do all they can to see that
it is legally wiped out.
We hold that no man should
over bc called to fight the battles
of a ruling class, at any less remuneration than that ruling class
would bc obliged to accord him
in industrial pursuits. No man
should be called upon to leave bis
family or other dependents to
fight the batles of a ruling class
without the government of thai
ruling class being compelled to
make, at least, as generous provision for tho support of such
family or other dependents, ns
sueh man eould himself provide
by remaining in industrial employment. To send men to the
battlefield for a miserable pittance of $1.10 per day and leave
their dependents to thc tender
mercies of cluu-ity, even in part,
is to add insult to thc infamy
first heaped upon them.
Thc candidates of the B. C.
Federation of Labor are determined that thc flow of profit into
the pockets of captains of industry, lords of finance and warmongering    patriots,    shall   be
brought to an end and the mater
ial substance that is now sapped
up by that greedy horde shall be
turned to the far more decent
purpose of satisfying the needs
and requirements of the survivors
of this ruling class debacle and
the widows, orphans and other
dependents of those who may
lose their lives in tbe brutal
That the day of reckoning with
the ruling class of thc world is
near at hand is certain. Every
ruler in Europe knows it, and
trembles at the prospect that thc
end of the war holds out to him.
With Russia already in the hands
of her peasants and wage-earners;
with the workers of Italy at thc
brink of revolution and only
awaiting the day when the menace of a successful German invasion shall no longer threaten, to
overturn the rule of their masters; with thc French workers
ready to strike the blow when thc
present job in hand has been finished; with plenty of evidence
that the British workers • are
equally prepared to end the agelong tragedy of their slavery to
their lords and masters and with
thc workers of thc Teuton empires already seriously affected
with the same spirit of revolt, it
stands   the   workers   and   other
with democracy and freedom. He
who is qualified to deal with thie
problems of the hour in euch manner ae to conserve the interests
of human progress and the realization of a more satisfactory civilization, wherein men may dwell
together in fraternity, peaee and.
good fellowship, must be equipped with the economic and political knowledge alone upon whieh
the superstructure of a society ot
free men can be built. He most
be able to interpret every move
that is offered upon the chessboard of events, from the standpoint of the producers of wealth,
the slaves of capitalist industry,
instead of from the standpoint of
the rulers, the masters, the exploiters of those slaves. He must
always be in line with human
progress. He must never be
caught in the quicksands and
quagmires of reaction. His
Philosophy, his economics, politics and his religion must be the
philosophy, economics, politics
and religion of the working class,
the only really useful portion of
human society, the producers of
all the wealth of the world, the
class that alone makes any sort
of civilization possible.
Every parliamentary move
henceforth made should be with
the purpose in view of nullifying
some legal obstruction that has
heretofore been placed in the
pathway of labor in order to separate the producer from hia
product. Working class representatives, if they are armed with
a knowledge of the position of
labor in present society and the
line of action necessary to enable
the workers to escape from their
present Blavery, will allow no opportunity to pass that will admit
of an attack upon the right and
power of rulers and masters to
control labor and reap profit out
of its enslavement and sweat. In *
that lies all human iniquity. It
is against all profit that the guns
of labor must eventually be
trained. In profit, in the getting
of something for nothing ont of
the toil and sweat of slaves, and
it can be gotten in no other manner, is to be found all that ever
was, is, or can be in human
slavery. Therein lies the sole
curse ever inflicted upon the human race, a curse which originated in cunning and haa been
made possible and is still perpetuated solely through thc ignorance of the common mass.
Needless to say, 'his ignorance
has been zealously fostered and
progressives  of Canada to  take
immediate steps to put themselves! cultivated by every agency at the
in line with thc great forward' command of rulers and robbers,
movoment that is sure to come even unto thjs day and genera-
upon the heels of the present war., tion. A most intensive cultiva-
No mnn is qualified to sit in halls; tion is persistently carried on
of legislation at this lime who is * during  these   glorious   days  by
not awake to that which is going
on in the world, outside of thc
narrow confines of the slave game
of exploitation, barter and sale.
A swift revolution in ideas and
thought is in process of fulfilment. Old concepts-of rule, of
property, of industry, of trade,
of commerce, of finance, of religion and, in fact, all of thc paraphernalia of ruling class philosophy, morals and ethics, are being
put to the acid test of relentless
scrutiny, and being found dross,
are cast aside to give way to concepts and social institutions more
in accord with social well-being,
prcBS, pulpit, platform and college. Their curriculum and policy
might well bc termed "sabotage"
of thc intellect, no matter what
thc cost.
From now on, thc only issue
that can possibly interest the
wealth producers of the Dominitn
and of the world will be that of
profit. Down with all profit will
be the slogan of battle. Fint,
down with thc making of profit
out of thc agony of war and the
flesh and blood of those who are
killed or maimed in its brutal carnage. And upon the heels of this
(Continued on Page 10)
Labor's Fighting Campaign Fund
Cut nut thc ibovei All lu your name ind adilreM ind thp nmount yon an wllllag
to contribute to the c«mp«ljrn fund of tht B, C. Federation of Labor, and forward
with <-i.rh.Htin* to Tba B. 0. fadtraUontit, Laber Temple, Vancouver B. 0. Tbe
amount! will he acknowledged from week to week and forwarded w thr B. V V. ef L.
treaiurer to be imed In ar curl tig the election' of Federation candidate! ob Pet nth
to the federal Ih-um- of common-..   There li no time to loic,    Do It lod»y PAGE FOUR
..November 9, 1017
present govornment of men who nre
doing their beat, apparently, to nullify it by not carrying out tho provisions as promptly And liberally aB
should bo dono.
Threatened With Extermination
Tho B. C. Federation of Labor haB,
on a numbor of occasions in tho conventions it has hold throughout the
province diacussod this' question of political representation of tho workers
1n thc Provincial and'Dominion Houses
of Parliament, and invariably wo have
found that tho workers were divided
between the liberals, Conservatives,
Socialist and Labor parties. This continued until tho organized Labor movoment throughout the longth and
breadth of Canada was threatened with
extermination, particularly the more
radical'elements, by the Military Servico Act, and we have been compelled
to place direct Labor representatives in
the field. We have decided to drop
political differences and try a now lino
of attack, and endeavor to securo some
direct representation Tn the Houso at
Tho Dominion of Canada has been
referred to by people in other parts
of the world as a great country, with
Candidates of B. C. Federation of Labor Greeted by Large and Enthusiastic Audience
—J, H. McVety and Victor R. Midgley Deal Exhaustively With Issues of the Day
—Political and Economic Demands of the Working Class Clearly Set Forth—
Necessity of the Workers Acting Politically in Their Own Behalf Is Shown
BEFORE A CROWD which taxed the largest Labor Temple hall to overflowing, the first gun in the
campaign of the B. C. F. of L. candidates, J. H. McVety for Vancouver South, and Victor R, Midgley for Burrard, was fired Tuesday night. If the enthusiasm with tfhich the vaVious speeches were received was any indication of the energy the working class of this section and other parts' of the Dominion is going to put into the campaign, thc chances of working class candidates being on the floor of the
next sitting of parliament are very good. McVety aiid Midgley did not mince words in their attack on
the political systems of both old parties, Conservatives and Liberals alike, or their progeny, thc "Win-
the-War" league and various other leagues and organizations developed by the money bags, which has
adopted every dishonest means possible to keep the Borden gang of profiteers in office, and to send to
Ottawa the class of support which is, no matter whether painted Liberal or Conservative, opposed to
Labor organizations and legislative representation, or to giving the working class a cjhance to exist.
Thc speakers placed the issues of the campaign squarely and forcibly. They made it plain that the
strenuous efforts of thc Borden crowd has for thc one object taht of return to power, so that thc big
interests may continue to rob thc people as they have been doing in thc past. To this end every railroad corporation in Canada, every banking institution, every trust company, every cold storage shark,
wholesaler, retailer, manufacturer of anything and everything on which a profit is to be made, is
backing the Borden gang with a view to a continuation of the present system of piling'up wealth for
a few at the expense and hardship of the producers, whose share of what they produce is yearly be
coming less in proportion to tho great.'
advance in the cost of living.
The speakers made it plain that the
conscription of blood waB the only conscription planned by the governmout-
The government, by an infamous Election Act, is fully propared to go to
any extreme to rob the people of their
rights at the polls. Designing politicians had long had tho country by tho
throat and were now making their last
and greatest effort to cling to powor,
and, by means of the Conscription Act,
to. bring in industrial conscription aa
well. .
The people are now in a position to
assert themselves, provided they will
stand together, forsake both the old
political parties, which have done nothing but give the working class the
worst of the deal and stand by the
B. C. F, of L. candidates.
McVoty and Midgley both can win
if they get tho Bolid support of organized labor and unorganized as well.
The Borden government is in fear
of Labor candidates, for if any of
them should get on the floor of the
Houso a lot of dishonest politicians
would not havo tho nervo to attempt
some of the flagrant legislation for
the benefit of the big interests, such
as has been the history of governments
at Ottawa in the past.
Candidate  McVety referred to   the
Borden government   as  a "Stcal-tho-
Election    government"   and    not    a
Win-the-War nor win anything else but
the election, and all the profits possible to be made out of the sufferings caused by war.
.   The candidates urged the women who
are relatives of soldiers at the front
to   vote as their   husbands, sons   or
brothers would  were they here, and
to vote   that this country might   be
cleaned of the politicians who foul it,
so that when the men come home they
may return to a country that is a better ono for them tb live in.
The candidates  asked the working
claas to give their support to the so-
cialiit candidate, W. A. Pritchard, in
Vancouver Centre.
There will be regular meetings held
in various parts of all three constituencies, and theae will be announced as
soon as all   arrangements have   been
When Bert Showier,  who presided,
called the meeting to order promptly
at 8 o 'clock most of tho available Boats
were taken, and the hall was jammed
before the candidates were introduced.
Campaign Manager's Address.
The first speaker was Miss Helena
Gutteridge, campaign manager, who
told of the efforts which tbo committee
wore making to carry on a fight for
the working class which would land
both MoVety and Midgley in Ottawa.
She made a dramatic appeal for f.inds,
whieh, she declared, were the necessary power to make a working class
campaign run successfully as much as
the campaigns of tho political parties.
She asserted that millions of dollars
wenld bc spent by the big political
parties during this campaign, and that
tho-usands of dollars would be spent
•ecuring votes, for this was one of
the ways in whieh the old parties carried, on their campaigns. Thoy had
much at stake in the present election,
and would bend every last effort to
win by hook or by nook1. Miss Gutteridge nsked tho working claaa to
stand together to gei solidly behind
their candidates and to work for thom
unceasingly. Only by hoarty and firm
co-operation could nnything bo accomplished. She felt eortain that tho
common peoplo had awakened to tho
seriousneBa of their present situation,
and would be prepared to givo ovory
assistance within their power to the
end that Labor representatives might
be elected.to parliament to look niter
Ike interests of tho working class.
Mr.  Chairman,  l.adics; and  Gentlemen: It has been said taht thu work-
dreams of avarice out of the very blood
and sweat of the workers at home and
tho soldiors overseas, they now tell us
that they propose to abolish profiteering. They come to us now with tho
'' Win-the-War'' programme. Does
anyone want to lose the wnr? What
the Unionist Government aro moBt interested in is "win tho election," and
they think that .the people would
not support them if they came to the
country and once more staged the old
sham fight between thc Liberals and
Need a Firing Squad
It is my opinion that at the close
of'the war some of these gentlemen
will be sorry they ever taught our clnss
to shoot. When thoso fellows of our
class who are fortunate enough to
come back—some of them will nover
return'—some of these men who have
beon fattening upon,the very life blood
of the workers, will bc set up agninst
n wall some morning with a firing
squttd in front of thom. Tho conferring of titles in return for contributions to pnrty fund3 has become bo
generally woll known thnt the House
of Lords in the Old Country have
^__^_^^__ found it necessary to pass a resolution
great geographical'dimensions," great'directing the government at any time
lakes, grent trees, great mountains, and; when conferring titles, except for spo-
we hnvo also some of tho greatest po-1 cinl service or in tho case of mon in
liticnl shysters that ever infested the' militnry and naval service, to give a
earth. ' I statement of why it is conferred.
Birds of a Feather j    Do not forget, wc, thc workers, nre
We have heard for many, many year* to bl»mc for •' ourselves, in allowing
'the direct representatives of the business interests to bo in control at Ottawa as well as other seats of gov-
tho respective candidates of tho Liberal and Conservative parties at election timo telling the people whnt rank
thieves, rogues, robbers, grafters and
pirates the other follows were—tho
Conservatives would take ub into their
confidence and tell ub how the Liberals had wickedly done this or wrongly done that, and tho Liberals would
tako us into their confidence and tell
ub what a lot of thievea and rogues
tho Conservatives were, and a number
of us have come to believe both of
them, we have heard it so often; yot
apparently fearing that neithor of
thom held the confidence of the peoplo,
they havo decided to combine their
forces. Birds of a feather flock together, and if we are to believo all
that the Liberals nnd Conservatives
have said about each othor in thc pnst
thon we shall be safe in assuming
that the Coalition Government is the
most corrupt gang of political pirates
that ever appealed1 for tho support of
the oloctorate.
Patriots Pilfering Payrolls
Tho lato Conservative Government,
in its attitude towards thc dependants
of soldiera, among other things, has
not deserved tbo furthor confidence of
the workers of Canada. Tako the patriotic fund, for instance, and the
treatment of thc dependents of soldiers, it is onc of tho most remarkable
episodes in the history of Canada. Having secured, voluntarily, 400,000 men
to possibly sacrifice their lives on tho
altar of the Empire, they would leave
tho dependents of these men with such
small sum to keep their families together that they had to institute thc
patriotic fund for the purposo of collecting out of thc pay envelopes of
shop girls und working men and women, contributions from week to week
und month to month to eke out the allowance to the dependents of soldiers.
If the men's livos aro worth anything
in the.Bervice they arc giving for thc
ountry, in sacrificing their lives,
surely the dependents of soldiers
should bo entitled to sufficient allowance from tl|e national treasury to provide the necessities of life, without
mnking it necessary to pilfer the payroll of thc girls in stores and offices
nnd the underpaid workmen tn differ-
nt industries, -
"Middle-sex" Regiment
This  spectacle  of  n  cnnlition   gov-
ing clnss  nevor  do  anything that  is jermnent, the Conservatives taking tho
right and correct tn their own inter- ' " "  ' ....
ests until they are compelled to do so.
It would seem that this is correct, particularly with reference to the securing for the workers . direct working
class representatives in the Houae of
The B. C. Federation of Labor under
whose auspices tho campaign throughout British Columbia is.being carried
on, spent many years having annual
conventions of workers from the various trnde unions throughout the province, deliberating matters of vital .interest, passing resolutiona and appealing to the government to adopt
legislation or amendments to legislation in the interests of workora, and
afjfiT our conventions we have gone
to the legislature and pleaded with
the peoplo thore to adopt some of tho
resolutions wo have passed and place
them on tho statute books. Wo havo
done that for the last ten years in
British Columbia to my knowledge, nnd
tho roply at such an interview would
bc that our suggestions would bo given
vory careful consideration by the government and receive such attention ns
thoy doserved. Apparently our suggestions for legislation did not deserve
any attention by tho government, because they received none. In the last
ten years in British Columbia wc havo
perhaps only one piece of legislation
that we can particularly lay claim to
having originated in tho ranks of organized labor and out of the deliberations of our conventions, and that is
the Workmen's Compensation Act of
B. 0.—an act which has been largely
nullified by the appointment by the
piek of thoir own, nnd picking some
of tho bright specimens of the Lib-
oral party, reminds me of the story
of the Highland regiment in ono of thc
villages of Franco. Two of tho old
peasants wore somewhat puzzled ns to
thc sex of tho regiment. They hnd
heard of thc women 'b regiment in Russia, and it seemed difficult to determine tho sex of this regimont. One
pointed out tbat they must be women
because they wore skirts; tho other
that they must bc men becauso they
had moustaches. Finally ono of them
said, "It must be tho famous Middlesex regiment wo have heard so much
about." Apparently after three years,
during which they bave done nothing
but feed their friends and adhorontB
from tho fat trough of the public treasury with contracts for munitions, shipbuilding, etc., and fearing to go to
tho country On their own record, thoy
try to disguiso themselves, and think
they will by this means be returned
to power.
"Win the War" or Win the Election
The Unionist Government now comes
to the people and tells us if wc will
only return litem onco again to office
thut they will curry on the war with
nil the roBOurecH of tho country, both
in men nnd wenlth. They have beon
very busy during tho last three years
in "carrying off "'Certnin things that
will no doubt bo a consolation to thom
in their old ago, but now they havo
had a change of heart, apparently, and
after allowing tho capitalists and big
merchants nnd manufacturers of the
country to '-make profits beyond  thc
ernment throughout Canada. Untif recently widows of soldiers wore allowed
a pension of $32 a month to live upon,
and we find these war widows asking
us to sign petitions asking tho government to let more contracts ' so that
they may make shells to mako moro
war widows. I think the government
recently had a change of heart and increased the widows' pension; probably
because thc election wus coming on.
Who Is Winning the War
They como now with a Win-the-War
cry. Who is winning the war? Who
is making thc war possible, and who
is making it possible to do anything
but tho working'class—thc members
of our clnss who do che fighting and
nnd manufacture tho munitions, and
the food and clothing and do all thc
necessary work of the world, and we
havo allowed another, the capitalist
clnss, to obtain enormous profits from
their fat contracts in connection with
the carrying on of the war, thereby1 in
a number of eases entailing actuul loss
of life among the mon at tho front.
It ia time onr class was represented
in thc House ut Ottawa as well aB in
overy other legislative body.
Dare Not Refer Issue to People
Hir Robert Borden had a change of
heart nfter his vu-fit to the Old Country. Previous to that he and Sir Wilfrid Laurier told us there would be
no conscription iu Cnnnda, but after
.Sir Robert Borden visited the Old
Country he came bnek and announced
conscription policy fur tho Dominion
of Cnnada. They have admitted that
they dare not place thc issue beforo
the oloctorate and give the people of
Canada nn opportunity of saying
whether they approve ot* it or not,
nnd in order to got a further lease of
Hfo, ahd cover up the record of the
late government u couii.ion hns been
formed, so that they may grub you at
$1.10 per day and send you overseas,
If they cnn find onough bouts to send
you there. Wo do not think it is pos-
.sililc to find ships to transport .100,000
Canadians while they are in such dire
need of bouts for otlu-r purposofli There
nre approximately 100,000 Canadians
who huve never seen rhe front. I have
two broth era-In-law -n Englnnd who
huve been there a your or eighteen
months, nnd hnve aot yet reached
France. If they nre desirous of winning
the wnr it is better Hint these men, who
they propose to consurlpt for military
purposes be employed in the production
of food nml clothing, munitions, etc, to
carry on the wnr thnn sending thom to
the front.
While they talk conscription tor thc
Dominion of Cnnnda, nnd tell us the
necessity of winning thc war, wo find
that n plant of one of the most important industries was allowed to
cenBO production—(Coghlan's shipyards)—in the city of Vnncouvor, and
allowed to lay idle for several weeks
because of some dispute over wages,
for fear the employer would have hia
profits affected in fixing the scalo as
tho omployoes demanded. If tho government aro as patriotic ob they protend to be they would hnve attended
to this 'mutter and seen thut sufficient
wnges were paid so that this work
would  have  been  carried on.
A government whoso record is so
black thut they dnro not confront tho
peoplo alone have found it necessary
to combine with the other pnrty to oh*
denvor to win tho election, hnvo no
right tu nsk the working cluss, who
have already contributed some 400,000
men, for further sacrifices unless they
cnn come with clean hands and can
dempnstrntc that thoy hnve done something to bring to nn ond the war in
Europe. They haven't dono so, and
they have no right to make n demand
for, further sacrifices from our class.
Returned Soldiers at Exhibition
As on illustration. Miss Gutteridge
mentioned  tho returned soldier problem, and pointed out that they will,
upon their return, have to again participate in the general competition for
employment, and I would like to ask
you to remember how the soldiers were
treated in the Old Country at the end
of the Boor war. We are told such
things wiU not happen here, that provision will be made for the returned
soldier. Let me give you an illustration: At the time of the exhibition
last August in thiB city it was Accessary to station guards at different
parts of tho grounds to see that people
did not enter except by the proper
gates, and they decided to hire some
returned soldiors at $2 a day for ton
hours' work. To their credit be it said
some of the veterans went on strike
and refused to work at that price.
Consequently they wore raised to $2.50
a day, but some of them still refused
to work, so the exhibition authorities
telephoned the city to sond somo of
their workmon out, which thoy did, and
these men, being members of the Civic
Employees' union, insisted on haying
tho union rato of pny, which for eight
hours and time and a half for overtime, amounted to $3.84. Thoy were
paid tbis, but told not to tell the other
fellowa. They paid thc returned soldiers $2.50 for ten hours, whereas the
others received $3.84. Where is the
value of the sacrifice these men had
made? Where is the appreciation of
the country for which they had fought?
Women Not Persons
The prcaont government refuses to
recognize women as persons, except a
eortain section of them. Realizing the
danger of allowing an election during
these timoB, and to mako sure thoy
would not lose it, they; have passed a
law that female relatives of soldiers
overseas will havo a vote. Other women arc not to bc judged as persons.
This is a -win-the-elcction-for-the-
Borden government, Instead of a win-
the-war campaign. It will bo worth
while to read tho Wnr-Timcs Election
Act and the debates as reported in
Hansard, if you havo time enough, to
see how nicoly the government has
framed this up.
Industrial Conscription
According to newspaper reports, only
25 per oent. of the men in ClaBB I have
reported for service or claimed exomption. Thero is a suggestion that thoy
be disenfranchised if they do not report. Tbis is done apparently with
the intention of preventing the men
from voting. Thc act provides that a
conviction must be obtained under the
Military Service Act before men can
bc disenfranchised. Tho main object
of the Military Servico Act is to enable the government, representing ns
they do tho capitalist interests in the country to prevent thc
workora from continuing their fight for
better conditions in thc industries
throughout the country. In other words
—industrial conscription. In fact,
somo have stated quite openly that if
a man will take a chance and go overseas for $1.J0 a day, thoy should bo
willing to work at home for that
money,' and a number havo cast en
vions' eyes across'the Pacific to the
hordcB of Oriental labor, and would be
glad to brjpg in Orientnl labor at
low rato while our men nre fighting
for "freedom nnd democracy."
Canada's Titled Nobility
Aristocracy and democracy arc
surely opposite terms and absolutely incompatible. Yet we havo reached a
stage where, while hundreds of thousands of Canadian workingmen aro
shedding their blood for freedom and
democracy in Europo and for the overthrow of autocracy in Germany, titles
of various kinds are being distributed
broadcast among the capitalist pirates
of thc Dominion, and wo aro building
up a nice little aristocracy of our own.
If you steal a railroad or an election
yon can slip over to London and have
a knighthood conferred upon you. If
|"you steal a loaf of bread you will be
furnished with a freo ride to the penitentiary.
Somo of you fellows nre contemplating opposing the^Military Service Act,
nnd I may say there is only one way
in which you can oppose it intelligently, and that is by easting your vote
on election duy for a member of your
own class. Thc people who placed this
act on thc statute books of tho Dominion of Cannda were elected by the
working people of Cnnndn. It is true
they had no mandate from thc people
to place this on tho statute books, but
they hnve done so, and the only way
to show your disapproval iB by voting
intelligently on election dny and expressing in that manner your views of
what the Borden government hnve
The Conscientious Objector
Perhaps some treatment like this
will bn meted out to you if you arc
so foolish as to try to evade the Military Service Act in any other way thou
by voting agninst the government.
This is a letter written by a man
known ns n conscientious objector in
tho Old Country, nppearing in the Manchester "Labor Lender" of July 5th,
Militarism Gone Mad
Wu iVi>l Incapable of malting sny adequate
comments upon the fnllowrne extracts from a
letter written hy Jamoa BriRMinorc, a con-
M'i.-tnii)i!s obji-clnr, at pn-M-jU In the hands
of tin- miliary at Shore vamp, Gleet hoi-pen.
The letter was written on the covering of a
"Oold Flake" packet and smuggled out of
tho camp by a friendly aoldter at consider
able risk. Us story of refined torture sounds
hideously unreal in thla twentieth century,
and reveals, an by a lightning flsnh, tha brutalizing influence of militarism «pon the human mind. Even the imagination of Edgar
Allen Poe never exceeded the horrors of thla
military madness, the- facta of whieh have
beon corroborated by insependent witneaiea.
The writer, who is twenty-three yean of ajje,
has already served two sentencei of imprisonment—one of three months in Wormwood
Scruba, and one of five months In Lincoln
prison. He writes to hla mother:
The Pit, Shore Gamp, Cloethorpes, Jane 24,
This It tbo beat stuff I can flnd to wlrlte
what may bc my last letter. Everything has
heen tk.cn off me, and I should not have this
pencil but for chance. I wan bullied horribly
when I was tried and sentenced to twenty-
eight days' detention In solitary confinement,
to be given raw rations, and to cook my food
niyaelt. This does not sound bad, but I have
found the confinement was in a pit which
atartetl at the surface at 8 foot by 2 feet aud
tapered off to 2 It. by 15 in. When it ws 3
ft. deep water waa struck, but they continued
until it was io ft. The bottom la full of
water and I have to stand on two strips of
wood all day long just above the water line.
Thoro is no room to walK aftont and sitting
down is Impossible.' The sun beats down,
nnd through the long day there aro only tho
walls of clay to look at; a dead mouse Is
floating In the water as 1 write, and half-n-
dozen bottlea. This is torture worse than
those of ancient days. Already I am half-
t have net heard from you sinco I came
ont «i prison, but I know there are many
letters waiting for me. I cannot therefore
t»'ll what may happen when Z get to France,
Whether tho death sentence Is being exacted.
... I hunger struck ror two daya in the
hole here, but found I was getting too weak
to resist, and my brain, too, seemed to bo
giving under the strain.
t wish I could only aet four letters.    I
J could be reassured or know your wishes. As
1 it is I feel aetnenced to deain, knowing that
within a few days I shall be In France and
shot. The fact that men are .being sent to
France at all is proof positive to me that the
military authorities have captured the machine, and are able to do as they like .with
as.   .   ,   .
I am not afraid to die, but thia suspense,
this ignorance, linked up with the torture of
this pit, have plunged hie into misery, despair, madness, almost insanity.
All these weary months of Imprisonment
we have lived on hopefnlry. Now the cup is
being dashed from oar hands, and In liberty's name. (Here there follow other pathetic last words).   Good-bye.
The following ertract from another letter
confirms these statements:
I have been talking to your son and he
seems in fairly good spirits, but he is being
tortnrod—well, ,that is my opinion. They
have dug a bole in the ground aboat 12 ft.
deep and 40 ins. long by 18 Ins. wide—In
fact they were going deeper until they found
water, and he has a blanket or two and an oil
Bheet on the top. (This seems to Imply he
Is kept in the pit both day and night.—Ed.)
Barely there is no cowardice aboat a man
who would go through such torture as he is
undergoing.   .   .   .
Such a story defies commont. If
that iB the treatment moted out in the
Old Country, do you expect better
treatment from the bunch of pirates
in control at Ottawaf If so, you are
malting a bad gueaa.
The prosont government haa not justified its right to have such power over
the lives and liberties of tho workers,
it has not come to us with cloan
hands. Yours is the, ability and
yours the right to give or to deny them
this power, and yours will be tho price
to pay and the suffering whon it is
The soldiers who will return, will
return to fight again in the continuous fight to maintain a decent standard of living. The fight for tho establishment of decent houra and wages for
workers, and I contend that the workers can better bo represented in the
House by men trained in the Labor
movement than by men trained by
military establishments. In electing
your presidents and secretaries and tho
other officers of yoar unions and people to represent you on inquiries ond
arbitration boards, you do not chooso
lawyers or real estate brokers or
representative of tho capitalist class;
you would not trust anyone except a
mnn from your ranks, yet when it
comes to election day you put in a man
from tho master class and then complain because ho fails to represent the
aspirations and requirements of the
Throwing Them Overboard
We have no right to ask that
the working cIubs in Germany
should overthrow tho military dospot-
ism of that country whilo wo have a
capitalist despotism of our own.
Russia has thrown overboard the
czar and all the rest of thc feudal
The German navy has started to throw
overboard her admirals, and it is time
that we in Canada took the czars of
finance and industry and threw thorn
overboard, together with the whole system of profit and exploitation. Thon
we shojld perhaps be in a position
where wo would bo justified in assisting the GcrraanB to overthrow their
militury system.
It is our contention that we will not
destroy ono system of militarism by
building up another, which would in
the end probably bo far worse than
the ono wc aro attempting to destroy.
You will detormine on election day
by the manner in which you use your
votes if we are to rotain such vestiges
of liberty as we now enjoy.
The least we can do for the men
who have sacrificed their homes, their
health and maybe thoir lives in Europe
is to Eoop "the home fires" of' liberty burning while they aro away.
Conscripts' Privileges and Penalties
One of the advertisements recently
published by the military service council dealing with the "privileges and
penalties" of tho mon in Class I states
that "the government and peoplo of
Canada are behind the Military Service Act."
As far as the people arc concerned
that is not true. The falsity of tho
statement is proved by tho fact that,
according to newspnper reports, only 25
per cent, of the men in the firBt class
have so far reported for service or
claimed exemption, and of the total reporting only a small percentage are
willing to serve. Tho notice concludes
with a curt notice to the workers to
"obey thc law."
.   The Workers Awakened,
It is time that the workera took a
hand in making thc laws—laws that
not only the workers but those who
aro now their moBters will hnvo to
This fight is your fight, and whether
we shnll, after thc election, be ablo
to speak for you from the inside of
the House of Parliament instead of
supplicating on your behalf from tho
utside, is for you ro determine.
I will only Buffer to the samo degree as you if tho present condition of
affairs is to continue, nnd if you can
endure it, I can. But there are many
signs that indicate a change in the
representation in tho House of Commons.
The workers of- the whole of Canada are awakened to tho dangers and
necessities of tho hoar, nnd uro more
unanimous and determined on the question of independent political action
than ever before in the history of tho
But whatever the rosult of the election may bc you will find on the day
after the election, when all of the
smooth-tongued politicians have ceased
telling you what "frienda of Labor"
they arc, the candidatea of the organized Labor movement will atill be
found fighting the old battles with the
employing class for better conditions
and shorter hours for the people who
Mr, Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : We havo been asked on
many occasions as to why Labor
wus entering the political field on this
occasion and why tho working class
of Canada was nominating candidates
in ao many constituencies, apparently
spontaneously. There has boen no
common understanding between the
unions in tho various parts of tho Dominion so far as this particular election is concerned, but starting iu Halifax, coming to Montreal, and thon to
Toronto, where wo havo aevon candidates running, on to Port William,
thon to Winnipeg, where thore aro two
or three; in Calgary, Lethbridge, East
and West Kootenay. down through to
Victoria and Nanaimo, and then in
this district, where there are two candidates, thero is a condition which indicates a spontaneous antagonism to
the whole propaganda of the present
Union Govornment and Its programme
thtt has never, before beon seen in the
Dominion bf Canada. And locally I
havo never seen such a purpose furthered so enthusiastically by the working glasses. I can see people who were,
to say the least poor friends, working
enthusiastically for tho ticket; not
working for the men but for the cause
they will continuo to expound if they
reach the Houso of Commons at Ottawa. It augurs well for the campaign
when people not personally friendly to
one another are standing shoulder to
shoulder, going into the campaign in
the interests of the cause of Labor.
Angles of the Campaign
Tho campaign offers many angles.
,Thc only angle we have to consider,
and tho angle that interests ub, ia what
our position will be on all questions
that may arise in the campaign or may
come before the House of Commons
when the campaign is over. I may answer that in a paragraph by saying
that the test of every measure that
comes before us either in our daily
lives or in our political duties—if we
are fortunate enough to have political
duties after thiB campaign Ib over, is
whether the measure ia in the interests
of the people of this country and if
it ia then we are in favor of it. If
it ia not, then we are absolutely opposed to it. That is the position we
are taking in the campaign, and there
will be continued adherence to that
The Same Crowd Under New Colors
You are asked in this campaign to
support a now Bhuffle. We have before ua a Win-the-War programme—a
Win the Election programme, Mr. Midgley has called it. Whom do, wc
find handling thc Win-the-War campaign? If you have looked over
tho personnel of the committee
of one hundred, you seo nono
but lawyers and preachers and
large employers, who aro manipulating
tickets that arc going to win the wnr,
and tho election. In and about tho city
of Vancouver the chairman of tho Win-
the-War league ia tho Rov. Principal
Vnnee, a man of military age, a mnn
who is in the exempt class under the
Military Service Act, and ho is enthusiastically in favor of winning the
war. I know a number of places
whore ho can render yeoman service
if ho iB so enthusiastic as ho claims.
I am not making any attack on the
revcrond gentleman, because I ha,ve
told him to his face exactly whnt I
am saying now. I Bay to him this: If
you are so positive about conscription you should bo of sufficient faith
to tako your placo aa a volunteer; if
you nro so enthusiastic about conscripting othors, first set the example
by volunteering yourself.
Labor Has No Piace in Scheme
And you look around the various,
mon who form tho committee and you
will find thero is not a single working
man who has boen honored or cursed,
ns some would prefor to term it, by
being called into any of the conferences by which candidates are being
handpickod. And it is just as logical
to expect Labor to be represented in the
■coalition as to find any consideration
shown to Labor in the wholo record
of the government which hns just finished its lease Of life.
Becord of Labor Department
Take . the wholo record of the
Conservative government Bince 3911
nnd it doesn 't show any desire to assist
the common popple of this country, but
to roproBent the large interests, the
railroads and big corporations, nnd to
repress lnbor on evory possible occasion. In the department of labor you
would naturally expect Labor would
receive some consideration. You would
expect, if thero was nny department
of a great federal government in
which consideration would be shown,
you would find that in the department
of labor, a deportment constituted for
the purpose of taking care of Labor
affairs. JVhom do you find at tho
hcod of that department? Tho Hon,
T. W. Crothers, K, C, a corporation
lawyer beforo he entered the cabinet,
and if you follow his administration
of that beautiful piece of legislation,
thc Inf ustrial Disputes Act, also called
Lemieux Act, better known among the
workmen, and more appropriately
known ns the "Lemon Act," you will
find the policy of thnt department has
been to repress rathor than to assist
thc workors to improve conditions iu
the  Dominion  of   Canada.
Echo of Vancouver Island Strike
I don't care to go too far back into
history, but I refer to tine or two instances because they are close at hand.
And one is the Vancouver Island
strike. You all remember the Vancouver Island strike. You will find in
connection with thar, in the private
correspondence of Mr. Hanna of the
Canadian Northorn railway, of which
the Dunsmuir collieries is a subsidiary
corporation* the Mackenzie & Mann interests, that he wrote, while trouble
was pending in the first Instance to
the minister of labor, and Baid: "Keep
your hands off and if you leave us
nlono for a little whilo we will have
this fixed up." The result was thie
men could not got nn investigation under the Industrial Disputes Act, but
finally, when thc minors put up such
a heroic struggle, Mr. Crothers had
to look into it and send a commissioner,
his former law partner, Mr. Sam Price,
K. C, to investigate Mr. Price went
to tbe Union Club, across from the Em-
pross Hotel in Victoria; he did not interview a single miner or representative of organized labor in the Provinoe of.British Columbia, but he was
able to make a roport on his return to
Friend of Asbestos Trust
Go to the othor end of tho country,
the Thotford mines, Quebec, owned by
tho Asbestos Trust, whero they-reduced
wuges from $1.75 to $1.50 a day, and
the mon threatened to strike. CrotherB
sont down a member of the department, Narcisse Arcaud, a member of
the Brotherhood of Carpenters; he
said: "Don't strike! You will bo subject to diro penalties if you do, but
apply for a bonrd." Then when thoy
did npply Crothers turned them down
and said he could not givo them a
board; the department of justice
picked up a large numbor of tho men
as alien enemies and eont them to tho
internment camps • and tho department of labor refused to grant
a board on tho ground that there was
more than one employer concerned and
that it was not provided for under
the act. And tho whole administration
of the act and the department of labor,
so far as the working peoplo aro* concerned, bjta been on a par with that.
Who Is Robertson?
It is naturally the only department
you would expect any special consideration from, and if you look at the
new cabinet and its Labor representation you will flnd it has been as
closely followed in connection with the
new cabinet than in connection with
the old. Not a single representative
of Labor has been appointed to any
portfolio, unless it ean be said that
Senator Robertson is a representative
of Labor, and as the Winnipeg Voice
puts it, "Who is Robortson?" Nobody but a few railroad telegraphers
know him. It cannot be said (hat La-,
bor has received any moro consideration in thia new coalition than it did
in the old government! Again, if this
were a government for the whole people you would expect undor this Military Service Act, by which the working people aro most vitally affected,
you would think that under this great
Conservativo government thero would
bo somo notice taken of the representations of workmen, but when it cornea
to a question of appointing tribunals,
passing on the exomption of workmen,
if you look from one end of the eountry to the other you will find those
men appointed by the board of selection of representatives of Liberal and
Consorvativo parties, thero is not a
single representative of organized Labor throughout the entiro breadth of
Cnnada. Whero they havo been appointed iB whore the appointment haa
boen mado by some progressive county
court judgo who appointed some men
outside of the ranks of largo employers and lawyers, who have certainly
not the interests of the workers at
High Regard for Women
Judge Mclnnes nppointed a woman,
the only womnn in Cnnnda, and so little regard had tho government for women that they havo refused to permit
her to sit and summarily removed her
from the bonrd. If women are satisfied with that treatment, it is their
affair, but I am absolutely opposed to
going bnck from the position the electorate have taken in this province and
reducing women from their position of
full citizenship to which they were
elevated in the Inst election, and place
them iu the secondary position thoy
formerly occupied.
Should Abolish Proflt
Mr. Midgley mado aome roferenco to
thc profiteering thnt hns gone on under
this govornment. The Victoria Times
a few days ago stated that twenty-two
of thc largest firms in the Dominion
of Canada, after allowing 7 per cent,
on their capitalization, had accumulated twonty-two million dollnrs in
profits out of war contracts and the
necessities of citizens of tho empire
during tho past year. The Times headed its article by saying "The Government Should Tako More." I am not
in accord with the Times. I say the
state should tako all of the profits.
And yet, with thnt awful array of
profiteers, we find the food controllor
ndvising us n day or two ago to "raiBO
more hogs," (Laughter and applause.)
Knighthood Cone to Seed
Our friend, Sir Joseph Flavelle, has
mndo on a capital of $250,000 in the
Thomas Davles Company, o profit of
$1,800,000 in one year. Ho adopts
devious ways of doine that. Ono is to
tnke tho ham after leaving tho packing houses of tho different parts of
the country and pumping into it a
patent preparation of brine until it has
increused in weight 8 per cent,; that is
one of the methods he uses—pumps this
useless brine into the hams and Bends
it to tbe Boldiors, and instead of being
rewarded with bracelets bo is rewarded
with a title. He gathers up $1,800,000*
and he then Bays ho has no qualms
whatever about accepting tho profits.
Poflteer Heads Munition Board
In addition to profiting from war
contracts, Bir Joseph is tho chairman
of the imperial munitions board in Canndn, this bonrd having control of all
of the enn tracts for wnr materials and
the building of ships for the British.
government. In this province the representatives are capitalists and large
employers, who havo dono everything
in their power to retard tho improvement of conditions in the shipbuilding
yards over which they have jurisdiction. They mado au arrangement with
the Foundations Compnny to import
large numbers of French Canadians to
work ten hours por day, although the
recognized working dny wus but eight
hours, and thero were already more
mon available locally for omploymont
than the Jaoard could utilize. Only
after being notified thnt tho men did
not proposo that the eight-hour day
was going to be lengthened and proposed to strike every yard in the province to prevent it, did the board recede from its position and agree that
thc French Canadians, who were not
content to work tho shorter day, would
bc sent bnck homo.
' This has been the attitude of tho
munitions bonrd from tho start, and
tho instance quoted is typical of tho
treatment Labor throughout Canada
has received nt tho hands of theso men
nppointed by the British govornmont
on the, recommendation of the Consorvativo government of Canada.
Controller Cans Canned Gooda
We havo a food controllor in thia
country. The munitions board controls
wagos and the hours and the food controller is supposed to control the food,
but he has been on the job since some
time in tho beginning of the year and
he has made one order in connection
with food, and that was a restriction
of the use of canned goods, oanned
vegetables, canned peas. Thon a howl
was put up from the Middlo West, and
he rescinded the order as far as they
were concerned. The manufacturers
thon put up a vigorous objection, with
tho result thnt tho order has been rescinded ultogother. That is about all !
tho controllor has dono since his appointment. A Voice: "Ho has raised
his salary.") Well, ho hod to roiso
something, but outside of that ho has
not done anything thnt has boen of
any assistance to tho people of Canada
since his appointment. All of tbe provincial appointments havo boon hintfn ,
from tho ranks of the merchants and
others interested in high pricos. The
food of the working peoplo is being
controlled through their inability to
buy with their wages at tho increased
prices.     ,
Why Recruiting Has Failed Here
It ia aaid that then* is a great ne* I
cessity in this country for more sol-1
diers and that this need can only boi
s (Continued on page 7) *».'<
oinciAL papbb anrm oot-
vsatA raoBBAitoa or laio*
NINTH YEAR.   No. 45
(la TsaoMTCr\
oitr, is.10 ;
$1.60 PER YEAR
A Letter from One Union
Man to Another
There are other Union Shops besides Carhartt's—Then why
do I prefer to cut for Mr. Carhartt ?
It is because Mr. Carhartt uses only clear woven cloth for
all the garments that he makes. If I were cutting for other
firms Iwould often be asked to cut goods with a whole lot of
. stuffing in them. This stuffing falls out in a dust when the
rapidly-moving electric cutter goes into the goods and causes
a regular spray of dust like the water from the bow of a racing '
In such factoi-ies I would be compelled to ruin my lungs
with this stuffing in order that the makers would get a big
proflt for themselves.
Mr. Carhartt allows nothing to be used iti his factory except
clear woven cloth. His blue stripe is woven and you can see
the identical same pattern on both sides. The other goods are
plain black and plain blue but they are clear woven goods just
the same.
I felt surprised when Mr. Carhartt first told us that he was
to put hia guarantee on all his garments, but he is safe to do
thiB because he turns out a garment where he really risks
nothing by guaranteeing it.
(Signed)   WILLIAM SLOAN,  Cutter.
United Garment Workers of1 America.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills,-Limited
Is the Milk supplied to your home Real Milk?
—If It Is not cill np tbt
Or drop a oard to our offlce, 805 Twenty-fourth avenue eait.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
eso Qtsmllls stmt
•19 Bssttnis Stwrt Wwt
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop*
'  ";on holes, pinking, sponging snd
littering,  plcot edging, pleat*
 lUB.UCUlUg,       WUI.VUH      VV.V.BU,      BVB..VK
plnn- button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering, plcot edging, "'—*
ing, mefclng, embroidery, hemming.
051 OnunilU St
Phene Ser. SHI
1910 DoniUs St.
Phone 1180
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
(Brnniwlok-Balke Collendor Co.)
42 Hastings St., East
met Salmon 1100
Third Floor,  World  Building
—The only Union Shop in Vancouver—
They are the finest bit of workman*
hip In the bicycle world; 6 different
models ln variety of colors.
Prices from $42.00 to 160.00, on
easy payments If dtslred.
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
«U Hows St.     418 Beltings SI  W.
Should be in the home of
every man-
—Phone Fairmont 2824—
Tbe Juris Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Bichards Stnet
I. PHILLIPS * 00., Agents
Phons HVS 1228 Hamilton
10 Sub. Cards
Oood (or ont jroir'i labteripUon to Tko B.
0. Federatlonltt, will ba nulled to vlj id-
dreii In Canada for 910. (Oood uywlMTt
outiide of Vancouver city.) Ordtr ten to*
diy.   Fe&lt when told.
The Eoonomio Basis of Dental Legislation
<j Lows regulating tho practice of dentistry suck as wo huve in British^*
Columbia tend to restrict competition und thereforo to keep dp prices.
Tho '' public intorests'' ure the excuse rather than thc reason for these
laws. We must rotaombcr that labor, ^whether skilled or otherwise, is a
commodity, bought and sold liko all others. Today eggs aro selling for
three time( tho prico they sold for in the spring, because hens cost as
much to keop as thoy did six months ngo, yet ore not producing quarter
as many oggs. Salmon aro much higher thnn a few years ogo for the
same reason.
C Now, tho prico of labor in general or of specialized labor, such as
fillings or gold teeth aro controlled by tho samo economic laws. It depends ilrst on the cost of -producing and maintaining a dentist, and
secondly, on whether the supply of dentistry equals or oxceods tho demond
The fact is wo hove never yot hod half enough licensed dentists to meet
tho requirements of tho pjblic, nnd the high cost of this work through
this foot keeps dentistry abovo the purchasing power of millions of wage*
fl In almost every country tho dental fraternity has formed associations or unions, nnd theso havo exercised their political influence to have
laws enacted in their interests. These always havo the effect of restricting competition, und consequently of keeping up the price of dentistry.
Sin this country, tho mechanical dentist, tho man who specializes on
. otOB and bridges, is not permitted to deal with the consumer of theso
goods, unless ho has complied with "tho dental act." Thoy aro compelled, therefore, to deal with the middlemen, the liconsed practitioners
and as usual, tho middleman gets the big end of the price. Whether this
is in tho intorests of tho public or not, it is certainly In the interest of
the licensed dentist, and is the effect of our dental laws.
_ In many countries, such as Great Britain, tho "public Interests" are
not so secured by law. In those benighted lands, a maker of false teeth
may also extract the old ones, and has the privilege of selling his wares
to the individuals who wear them.
,. *J Next week I will show how industrial evolution, backed by the
financial Interests ofond the bigger pull of tho advertising dentists
scored a victory in tho Into conflict between the "cthlcol" and "un-
othicnl" dentists of this province.
Reaction is Revolution and
the Moon Is Made of
Green Cheese
Democracy   Is   to   Learn
From Autocracy How to
Deal Out Justice
Simple Simon went a fishing,
For to catch a whsle,
And all tbe water be bad got
Wn In bla Mother's pall.
So runs the ditty leurned in childhood days. And in one's infantile
mind it used to be considered a joke,
for the impossibility of catching a
whale in a water bucket was made
plain by the teacher's explanation that
a whale was nearly as big as a ship.
It waB therefore ridiculous for any one
to angle in a water pail with any expectation of landing one. But the
longer one lives the less inclined are
they to assume that there are none
so simple as the fabled Simon was said
to be. For to tell the truth about the
matter, the world is chock full of simple souls, even unto this dty. Of
course there are few actually BJmple
enough to fish in a water bucket expecting to land a whale, but, figuratively speaking, there are millions who,
in regard to other manifestly impossible ventures and concepts, are no
less robustious in their simplicity thari
was the aforesaid Simple Simon himself. -
A Few Specimens.
For instance, there is the simp who,
working for wages, imagines that
whieh he receives is payment in full
for what he has done. This type of
simp never has sense enough to even
wonder how it happens that his boss
and a whole lot of other people can
live in etmfort and often in absolute
idleness upon what he and other simps
produce, when the bunch of simps have
been paid in full for what they have
done in /the way of work.
Then there is the simp who fancies
that his wages have gone up, although
he does have sense enough to make
note of the fact that he can not purchase as touch with that which he receives as he formerly did with the apparently lesser wage. Millions of this
type fondly imagine that wages are
considerably higher now than at former periods, and that the "standard
of living" is constantly being raised.
A multitude of simps—probably
numbering hundreds of millions—are
totally oblivious to the fact that nothing that is or can be produced by the
hand of man can be sold and paid for.
They are blind to the Indisputable fact
that the producer of wealth can only
be dispossessed of that which he produces, by direct and virtually forcible
seizure, and after it is taken from him
it can only pass from hand to hand
amongst those who deal in and eventually consume the plunder, by being sold
on credit and never paid for.
Them is also the simp who fancies
that wars are fought with money. This
cuss is hopeless. It is bo manifestly
clear that wars are fought by taen who
are fed, clothed, armed and otherwise
equipped by other men who operate the
industries, and thnt money has nothing to do with it, that one would almost expect thut un occasional statesman might' discover it. The only part
I'thnt money plays in tftc delicious business is as a means whereby profit patriots may be able to fasten themselves and their worthless spawn more
safely anu* securely upon the backs of
future generations, for let it be known
that money is immortal. It represents
a debt that can never be paid,
The Prince of Them All.
But the prince of all simps is he
who sees in government a philanthropic or eleemosynary institution calculated to bestow material blessings
upon the outraged poor and gather
them under its paternal wing in order
to shield them against the "stings and
arrows of outrageous fortune." And
these simps are as plentiful as toads
aftor a thunder shower. The labor
world is full of them. The Federationist exchange list is covered with their
wandering tracks. And what is especially aggravating is that they are even
found in prolific superabundance in
thoso quarters that have been specially
dedicated to the dissemination of Socialist philosophy and economic truth.
Following is cupped from an exchange.
As it affords a no more glaring misconception of what Is actually going
on in the world than is common among
nearly all alleged labor journals, and
as The Federationist does not wish to
indulge in personal reflections or draw
invidious distinctions, no further credit
for the clipping Ib necessary,
"Talke Like a Democrat."
We have a more kindly feeling
toward Lord Northcliffe, now that
he has been in and spoken
his piece, than we had before he
Although owner of the ultra-Tory
London Times, Northcliffe.talks like
a real democrat—he sees that merry
old England is again laboring in
revolution and evidently realizes
that he and his class can't stop it.
Asked by a reporter as to what will
happen in England after the war,
Northcliffe rcpliod:
"The greatest social revolution in
British history, greater even than
Magna Charta, tho. Civil War, or
the Reform Bill of 1832.
"Labor has behaved magnificently and labor will never go back to
where it wai before tbe war itarted,
The present high wagei, the result of
a more ' equitable distribution of
wealth, whicb is apparent is this, aa
well ai in other countries, will endure after the war."
Speaking of the eociali-ution process now going on in Oreat Britain,
the editor said:
"The country has taken over
every essential thing the nation possesses. The people have seized the
mines, the mills and the railways.
"Any storekeeper who overcharges
can be put out of business. The fines
for profiteers are enormous. j
"One farmer who overcharged for '
potatoes only last Monday was fined
425,000. In addition to the fines,
there are heavy jail penalties, and
the man who' gets a jail sentence in
Great Britain serves every day of
the sentence.
"There are no such things as suspended sentences in England. Any
fine imposed is paid forthwith or
the prisoner immediately taken to
Perhaps we 'great democrats can
learn something even from a British
Tory. At least the English appear to
be several years ahead of us in the
matter of abolishing capitalistic
waste and dispensing justice.
- That la HU Profession.
So much for Northcliffe. And what
elBe is to be expected bf this proprietor of not only some of the greatest
newspapers of England, but who also
in alleged to control a string of them
reaching clea% across Canada? What
other function can the press of a ruling class have than to "peddle the
bull" in such manner as to catch the
popular ear and thereby further the
machinations and schemes of that ruling class?
If reaction finds opportunity to regain that which has been lost to autocracy and tyranny in the past, is it
reasonable to suppose that its presB
would openly and brazenly proclaim
from the housetops that the people's
liberties were to be repudiated and
their necks once more be thrust into
the yoke of tyrannies long thought to
be dead and gone?
Or would it be more reasonable to
expect that press to falsify, to deceive
and to misrepresent, in order that the
liberties of the people might be taken
from them by stealth and that they
be not unduly alarmed until the mischief had* been done and the old infamies again fastened upon themf
It is but so much rot to speak of
England being in the throes of a "revolution." She Is in the throes of reaction instead.
» All that is baneful and sinister, all
that is reactionary and anti-progressive
in English life has sprung to renewed
activity since thiB war began, and is,
doing all it. can to refasten upon the
English people the ancient tyrannies
and impositions from which the ..English had at least partially escaped
through the long-drawn-out struggles of
the past.
The "social revolution" is yet to
come, and it undoubtedly will come,
but it can only come by the overturning of all that the reaction has succeeded in fastening upon the necks of
the English people by the aid of the
Northcliffe press and with that distinguished capitalist spokesman's most
emphatic approval.
Labor's Behavior.
Of course Labor has behaved itself
in a most commendable manner. It always does all of that, whenever the
Interests of its master class is concerned. If it did not do so, no scheme
of either world trade or world slaughter would be possible. The glorious
spectacle, the eminently uplifting phantasmagoria, tbat iB now being staged so
magnificently and to the ruling class so
satisfactorily, would have been absolutely impossible had it not been for
the splendid behavior of the working
class of the various countries of Europe. Right royally did the slaves of
the Teuton empires, und swiftly upon
their heels the slaves of all the ether
coantrieB, respond to the call of their
respective master class, and joyfully
go forth to cut each others' throats
for the glory of the empires of those
masters. No fault could possibly be
found with their behavior. Thoir conduct was positively ideal, judged from
the standpoint of tho master class of
the world.   It could not well be better.
Present High Wages,
And Northcliffe got safely by this
exchange with that insufferable guff
about high wages, "the result of a
more equitable distribution of
wealth." And there is nothing to
show that wages are any higher in
Britain, even if they are as high, than
they were before*tho -war was even
thought of. There is everything to
show that the average condition of the
workers of England is worse now than
before the outbreak of hostilities, nnd
it must continue to grow worse yet.
When any smooth-spoken gent tries
to set forth the possibility of any improved conditions for lubor in the face
of the devastation and destruction of
war, he certainly has his work cut out
for him, and he can not get away with
it except in the presence of very simple, Simple Simons.
All that has happened to English
labor owing to the outbreak of this
war is that it huH lost all that it had
ever gained down through the ages of
its struggle against its brutal and conscienceless masters, und it hus gained
a somewhat steadier employment at a
greatly increased speed und efficiency
and at an actually lesser wnge than
was forinorly the cuse.
Prussianiiation vs. Socialisation.
When Northcliffe said "the people
had seized the mines, tbe mills and thc
railways," he knew what people he
meant, but evidently Simple Simon did
not, "The country haB taken over
every essential thing the nation possesses,' ' says Northcliffe.
In fact, the nation, the jpritinh ruling claBB, through its government, has
seized certain industries as. a war measure. In other words, Prussianism has
scored a victory to that extent, for
the State has asserted an added power
on behalf of the ruling class, whoso
Instrument that State is. No one but
a simp could detect'any socialization
in such a process. It is the very antithesis of socialization, becuuse it iB
merely a strengthening of military
rule, und military rulo is tho denial
of all that is social. Instead of being
ia the direction of democracy and an
extension of it, it is essentially reactionary and autocratic, and is well cnl
culated to make the struggle for
democracy more difficult and more
Potatoea and Juitlce.
Taat cheap talk about putting storekeepers out of business and inflicting
heavy penalties on potatoe peddlers
for overcharging is nothing but piffle,
nicely dished up to fool Simon. It hns
as little to do with blazing the pathway of human progress nnd leading the
wafc to a better civilization iih did the
How They Make Club Which
Is Used to Flatten Own
Stomachs Out
Plenty of Eats for the Boss
While They Tighten
Their Belts
The Sydney strikers, or the great majority of them, were starved back to
work—starved back within a sfew
weeks of coming out, says R. J. C, in
the Australian Worker.
And it iB ever much the same when a
general, or nearly general, strike occurs
—when there are not sufficient unionists at work to keep the strike funds
up to a level that will prevont absolute want.
To reflect on this few-weeks-idle-and-
you'll-staYve fact is to reflect on the
grimmest tragedy that the world has
ever known—a tragedy greater and
grimmer than the bloodiest war or the
earth's tnost devastating plague.
For tbe fact means that the workers
who produce all the world's wealth are
forever existing on the threshold of
The Wolf Always at the Door
Yes, the workers wbo produce the
fortunes of millionaires, the mansions,
and the motor-cars of the rich; who
produce so much wealth that scores of
millions of people can be diverted to
the work of destruction—yeB, the toil-,
ers who prduce such a colossal
abundance have only to cease work for
a month or so and the wolf of hunger
comes slavering at their doors!
And the bitter irony of it all is that
those wbo exploit them, those for whom
they drudge, have no greatly disturbing
nightmares of apprehension—even
though, by some inconceivable miracle,
the workers, under present conditions,
could continue on strike for n year.
Lay in Ammunition
I know what happened when the just-
ended strike began, for I have the
privilege of being closely acquainted
with many who work in the homes of
the rich. Extra supplies of hams,
bacon, eggs, tinned meats, preserved
fruits, and even flour, were laid in.
The cellars were filled and more than
filled with wood and coal. Everything that money could purchase, and
that a time of famine might demand,
was quickly and abundantly secured.
The possessors of such stores could
have not only held out, but actually
lived in luxury, until next Christ mus—
or longer. »
And even if the laid-in supplies became exhausted, mammoth banking accounts were available for the purchasing of necessities—no matter what the
cost of such necessities might be.
Belt Buckling by Instinct
On the other hand, tho moment the
workers went on strike thc tightening
of belts, iu nine cases out of,ton, was
an instinctive und a vitally necessary
action. Instead of being in n position
to lay in extra supplies, thc strikers
had to do with lens than their normal
passed brought the wolf of hunger
nearer—made the landlord less amenable to the gentle arts ef persuasion.
And there you huve tho Groat Paradoxical Tragedy, not only in Australia,
nnd now, but the world over, nnd always—or, rather uh long ns the capitalistic Bystem of society is permitted to
The Bludgeon Makers
The workers produce the wealth. The
exploiters appropriate the difference
between thc totality of this wealth nnd
what will feed and clothe those who
produce it. Then this npproprintcd
difference becomes a reserve weapon
with which to defeat the men who
fashion it, should they dare go on
strike as a protest ngninst cither the
conditions of its fashion merit or the
manner of its appropriation.
In short, the workers make n
bludgeon for the Boss to wsc. But they
moke no bludgeon for themselves!
When they strike the Boss batters
them down with the weapon of their
own creution—and he swings it with n
ruthless impartiality, hitting n hend
wherever he sees one, whether it be
tbat of a wizened mother or that of u
puling babe,
"Hope Springs^ Eternal," Etc.
But 1 urn hoping that some day,
after n few more experiences Uke thnt
of the past few weeks, tho workers will
Get Wise, und . . . well, make and retain a bludgeon for their own use.
They know how to make the bludgeon (ami God known they ought to,
considering that they arc enslaved to
its manufacture!). All thnt remains
for tbem to do iB to learn how to prevent thc Boss from getting bold of it.
And in view of their numbers, in a
politicul und industrial sense, the prevention ought to be easy.
Further, it IS easy if they go the
right way about it. And the right way,
for a start, is to properly realize thut
they are numerous enough to mould
the Social System to their liking, and
not to the liking of thc Boss.
ALL ot these requisites are given complete expression at LADTWABB. It accounts in * large
measure for the gratifying reception onr very
complete FALL and WINTER display of COATS
has met with up to the present time.
TAKEN in conjunction with LADYWARE '8 EXPERT FITTING and the 8DPERIOR WOBK-
MAN8HIP reflected in every garment aold here,
the natural result has been a throng of pleased
COAT purchasers.
OLIVE tones, as well as WOOL VELOUBS,
BROADCLOTHS and B0LIVIA8 in plain colon.
REMEMBER that every stitch in a LADYWABE
garment iB put in on the premises by people skilled in every phase of artistic tailoring. SHOPPING iB a PLEASURE here, and never a task.
Courteous service is an outstanding feature.
COATS that have appeal in every line—
$15.00. 925.00. S27.50.
830.00 TO TO 850.
880. 8^3.90. 885 and up to 850.00
564 Granville St.
Opp. Drysdale's
Buy your drugs from
U3 and save money
'tXTE ABE the original cut-rate druggists of Vancouver. At
any of our drug-stores (or by mail) you can buy from
us anything in the line of drugs, household remedies, toilet
articles and druggist's supplies at the lowest figure at whioh
standard goods can be handled1.
It Pays You to Buy Tour Drugs From Vt
Give our drug-store service a trial the next time you need anything in our line. You'll find it reliable, prompt and courteous.
Vancouver Drug Co.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MS Hastings St W. Phones Ser IMS * 1966
7 Hutlngi Btreet Wen Seymou 3632
782 Granville Street Seymoar 7613
2714 Granville Street Bay. 2314 ft 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2632
1700 Commercial Drive High. 238 ft 17330
Mail Order Department for out-of-town customer*.   Same prlcee and servioe as
our over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
piscatorial  stunt  of Simple Simon   to
catching a whale.
.Fails and sentence.1*! nnd penalties aro
but evidences of n robber civilization,
and where tbe jails arc .tho stronger
and the fines the heavier and the penalties the more severe, that civilization
is thc more perfect and democracy thc
more completely an unknown quantity.
Yes, there are some things yet to be
learned even by the "grent1' democrat
of thc Simple Simon type. Hut instead of mastering the lesson, and
thereby qualifying himsolf to distinguish between the falw* nnd tho true
in mat tern political nnd economic, Simple Simon continues to figuratively fish
for whales in tho narrow wntorn of a
bucket of ruling class slop, anil even
the chnnges of the moon, that moon
that is undoubtedly made df green
cheese, does not appear to either favorably or otherwise affect .his mental
mm Ty Auuoiityoitiit Ciiir Msk.it' Imtrnstu. _.	
^Union-made Cigars.
Si^CV^ »IM8bWW. IMll»C«nu<wu>»ll»tam.M.M.Ii.rEl'Qt!SWltn
IJ///**£~l\:l    i««»W'*6Ms.iir«r.«i*..j.icvn«o..»»... >.»u»iM«.iiie*n.»*
M M-MU ttt IU IM mWmJS 'nM*** ft iw
 . Ct/IU./A
When Buying a Cigar See that thla UNION Blue Label la on the apx
■ and the -
Street Railway
The service of the street railway benefits
It is to your interest that the street railway
should progress and improve with the
It is against your interest that it should be
hampered and obstructed in its legitimate
endeavors to serve the public.
In order to give good service, the street
railway must cover its cost of operation.
If it does not, the road will run down, the
service deteriorate and ultimately cease.
Stop and think what this would mean to
Why not support YOUR street railway?
PBIDAY November 0, 191
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
E. Parm. Pettlplece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Soy. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
Oity. 12.00; to unions subscribing     .
In   a   body,   $1.00.
New Weatminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World"
PBIDAY Novombor 9, 1917
HUMAN SOCIETY is not a fixed
thing, an unchangeable quantity.
It is a thing of life, of growth,
of constant unfoldmont.   Like all other
living things it has its birth, its period
of  life  and   growth
AT THE and eventually hiust
PARTING OF meet with death and
THE WAYS. decay, the common
lot of all that multitude of forma that make up the category of living things that strut their
brief existence upon the great stage of
the universal cosmos. In obedience to
the economic forces engendered within
the bosom of human society, changes
are frequently made necessary in thc
sooial and industrial institutions of
mankind. Social relations that may be
tolerable and -even conducive to peace
•nd harmony among tho units of human
society at one time, may, as a result of
the growth and development of the
economic powers, become intolerable
and distructive of all peace
and harmony later on. If the
growth and development of tho human
intellect, if the cultural development,
could keep pace with the economic de
velopment, and the activities and ambitions of man could be guided by reason
instead of determined by the club, the
process of the growth and unfoldmont
might run along quite smoothly, and
periods of violenco and revolutionary
rough stuff be unknown in the experience of mankind. But, unhappily, such
is not the case, at least not during tho
present era of human -existence. The
dominant characteristic of the human
. animal during this period, is the disposition to rule and rob his fellows, if
he can. This characteristic of tho individual has long since become the fundamental principle around and upon
which aU social institutions have boon
built. It has becomo a national characteristic. To rule and to rob arc synonymous terms. They mean tho same thing.
And it is considered eminently proper,
both morally and ethically to rob without limit, provided either ho or they
who would do so, first obtain the power
to rule over those whom they rob. This
is the cultural level which civilization
has attained as a result of ton thousand
years, during which human slavery hns
been the corner stone of thnt civilization.
* * *
The powors of production, the economic forces developed within the bosom
of slave society, have become so great
that it is impossible to longer assimi
late the wealth brought forth, within
the narrow limits proscribed by tho
existing social forms and institutions.
Production is so great that tho masters
(the robbers) cannot dispose of it. They
cannot consume it, however extravagant in eating, drinking, wearing and
using they may be. They try to dispose
of the surplus by sale, but this eventually gets them into overwhelming
trouble due to the fact that such sale
must always be on credit und no payment can ever be made for the simple
reason that thero is nothing with which
to make payment. ThiB sooner or later
leads to violent quarrels and eventually to such spectacles as that with
which a christian civilization is now being regaled upon the bloody fields of
Europe. But human society is being
brought face to face with extinction by
suicide through this delightful affair.
And huutan socioty cannot quite stand
for that; Henco it is timo that all that
is decent in present society centered itB
attack upon the problem of saving civilisation from extinction, by forcing
such changes in social and industrial institutions and relations as may be necessary in order to give, not only freo
play to the economic powers developed
within tho bosom of Bociety, but also
to permit of the appropriation and assimilation by society of the wealth
brought forth by the play of those economic forces.
»      •      *
He who would free the economic
power of human society from the stranglehold of the rulers and robbers, the
profiteers and plunderers, the military
ruffians and capitalist boodlers, who
are now drowning this slave civilization
in its own blood and filth, is a revolutionist. He takes liis stand for humnn
progress and a saner and better civilization. He abhors slavory, and its logical corollary, war, and takes the only
road to render a repetition of the present world horror Impossible. He who
would perpetuate tho present regime
under whioh rulers and robbers gnhibto
with tho lives and products of their
victims with an abandon thnt would do
crodit to a drunken "nigger" shouting
craps, is a reactionary. He takes his
stand against human progress, aud for
the perpetuation of humnn slavery and
all of the evils that follow in its train.
He would retain thut which makes war
not only possible, but inevitable.
Whether he knows it or not, he would
condomn human society to inevitable
decay and death.
* • •
The issuo is cloar in Canada. Nothing could bo clearer. All that is exe-
erable in present society; all that is
sinister and dangerous to tho lives and
liberties of the Canadian people; all
that is reactionary and threatening in
public lifo; all thut is anti-progressive;
all that is vulgar unclean, low, mean,
vile, undemocratic, obnoxious and disgusting in political life; all that is calculated to bring cheer to thc heart of
tho profit-grabbing fraternity, that octopus that has its fangs buried ill the
heartof democracy and its suckers working overtime in sapping tho substance nf
tho wealth producers; all that could
bring comfort to the heart of the most
unscrupulous apostle of "Prussian kultur," of Prussian contempt for democracy and "scraps of paper," of Prussian subservience to autocratic authority anfl its impudent edicts, is embodied
in what is termed a "Union" governmont to bo foisted upon tho people of
Canada at thu forthcoming elections, by
moans of thc most brazen and shameless
trickery evor attempted in thc name of
democracy and free government.   The
"War-Time Election Act" that haB
been framed,up for tho purpose of insuring the fastening of this "Union"
monstrosity upon the peoplo of the Dominion, stands in a distinct class by itself as the last word in brazen and impudent political trickery, a trickery so
monstrous in vulgarity and shameless
ness as to preclude the possibility of
having been hatched elsewhere thnn in
the brain of a Sifton,
* *       *
"Birds of a feather flock together."
In this '' Union'' suhip of reaction
there will bc found a homo for all that
is unclean and baneful in thc political
and economic life of Canada. All that-
is anti-progressive and reactionary belongs there. Those birds of evil omen
that caw and croak their loathing of
democracy und concatenate tho stereotyped hypocrisies of ruling class deceit
and justification for its horrors and infamies, will gather at the rendezvous
and caw and crouk right nobly in defense of the profit-hungry interests thnt
are making Buch glorious hay while the
sun of war shines and are attempting
to again sneak to profitable cover and
a* prolongation of the opon season for
plunder by moans of the "Union"
scheme of Siftonian smell. The hopes
of the big industrial, commercial and
financial interosts of Canndn, thoBO interests that have the producers of tho
Dominion by the throat, are wrapped
up in the fortunes of this multi-colored
politicnl contraption, this pirate barque
that has beon launched for the specific
purpose of carrying those hopes to their
fruition. All that is baneful, sinister
and threatening to the wealth producers, to tho farmera and wage slaves of
the Dominion, will also be found recorded upon the minifest of that pirate
craft. '" ■
* ♦       *
There is no room aboard that craft
for men of clean and progressive
thought. All there is in- the Liberal and
other political parties of Canada, that
is essentially reactionary, non-progressive and 'unclean will naturally gravitate to the support, either open or covert, of this "Union" scheme of political turpitude. The hegira of Liberals
into the '' Union'' camp already Ib
proof positive that their nostrils have
instinctively respondod to the family
Bcent to which they huve been constitutionally attuned. These Liberals have
only gone home to father, liko unto the
prodigal son whom it may bo remembered strayed into-realms where he did
not genetically belong. After being
strippod and trimmed he returned to
the parental roof in chastened mood.
Also, it may be remembered, that the
dog returns to-his vomit. But what is
tho clean thinking, the progressive Liberal to do in thc premises? Where is
he to go politically! The proclamation
issued by Laurier, sotting forth the
programme and policy of the Liberal
party, is a weak pronouncement of nothing thnt BoriouBly threatens the supremacy and power of tho sinister property interests that are today reaping
a rich harvest out of the atrocities of
war, and which constitute thc only
really serious obstacle in tho way of the
return of the dove of peace, and the
stoppage of the awful sacrifice and
slaughter. There is but onc haven of
refuge for the really sincere and progressive Liberals, thoy who are true
democrats and wish for such changes in
social and industrial institutions nnd
relations us will admit of a saner civilization and a more wholesome and satisfactory existence for thc sons and
daughters of men- They must come
with tho Labor movement of the world.
They must line up with the wealth producers of the earth, tho farmers and
wage-earners, in one mighty movement
to rescue the destiny of the race from
tho brutal and irresponsible clutches of
the class that rules and robs it now,
and instituting thc complete mastery
of the common people, the wealth producers, ovor the wealth they produce
and over their common nffairB. There
no .other place politically for any
clean thinking and progressive person.
There is no other place for real democrats. A new political alignment hns
been predictod in'these .columns. It bc-
om-es each day .more "clear thnt the
tiipc for that alignment is close at
hand. To all who arc really democrats
in principle; to all who are not in sympathy with thc present regime, that is
based upon the rule and the robbery of
the wealth producers of the enrth; to
all who hato slavery and abhor war;
to all who are devoted to peace and
freedom, the call comes with ever-increasing insisitenco to line up with the
revolutionary forces of human progresB,
to the end that democracy may triumph and liberty be brought to the
wealth producers of tho world. And to
none other does thc call come with
greater force than to the Liberal whose
stomach revolts at tho present regime
of things and who is filled with disgust
*t the manner in which professional
politicians turn to the "loaves and
fishes," ns undeviatingly as the needle
to the polo.
the ordinary channels of business. A
certain * five billion dollar loan that
might bo mentioned, if it runs a period
of twenty-five years, will require tho
sum of ten billion dollars to wipo out
the dobt. But as tho money with which
to make payment will merely be raised
by "taxing ourselves," it won't make
any difference how much it costs. As
this stuff we call money is nothing but
a promise, and can never be pnid anyhow, a few billions one wny or the
other don't matter so very much after
*       *       *
Now if it foe true that a government
that is financially strong enough to pay
its bonds when they become due, is also
strong enough to redeem its notes to
an equal amount, granted that said
notes had boen issued in lieu of bonds,
why will any government become so
lost to all sense of dignity as to sink
to tho vulgar level of tho peddler of
bum mining Btock, the dealer in shoddy
clothing, or tho patent medicine quack,
in order to secure customers for its eminently valuable bonds? Tho spectacle
of a great nation that boastfully proclaims its immense wealth, putting up
an advertising and soliciting campaign
thnt would uviki) a bunkrnpWkrCtttomvl
•Tew clothes merchant ten green with
envy or put nn. abandoned womau to
the blush, in .irdw to ruta 'umls by thf
bond selling ■•oute thut co-ild f»? more
easily and more decontly be raised by
tho issue of troaBury notes, affords a
most puzzling study to many an enquiring mind. Surely if an individual merchant or concern should resort to the
scattering of litorature all ovor the
country by noroplones, setting forth hia
dire need of a loan, send forth thousands of agents to raucously voice his
sore financial straits from every platform and in overy picture show and
theatre in the land, employ countloss
thousands of individual solicitors to
beg, bulldoze and blackmail funds out
of every possible victim they could secure, there would be little in such conduct and proceedings to impress tho ordinary observer with any pronounced
faith in tho financial stability of the
person or concern in question. Two of
our distinguished fellow subjects right
hero in Vancouver, Musclow and Muir,
recently got pinched for very modestly
and in a most refined and polished
manner, successfully boosting a financinl enterprise or scheme, not vlugarly,
mind you, that in comparison to nntionnl enterprises and schemes was too insignificant in magnitude to be
worthy of mention. They are
now serving terms of five and three
years respectively in the penitentiary,
Ih the light of what certain govern
ments that might be mentioned are doing, in the line of raising funds, nnd
meeting with the hearty approval of nil
the upholders of law and order in tho
land, in the doing of it, including our
spiritunl shepherds and moral guardians, it is rnther a mystery what Musclow and Muir are doing time for. But
there arc many things happening in
this democratic age that cannot bo accounted for by the philosophy of tho
ordinary weak and-'sinful mortal. And
these financial problems and' vagaries,
arc indeed past finding out.
Henry Georgo is quoted as having
said, that "men have to work for low
wages because they cannot, flnd a piece
of God's world on which to work without paying some other human creatnro
for tho privilege." Without any intention of casting any reflection upon the
wisdom of the dead, it might be well to
suggest thnt men work for wages either
low or high because they are slaves.
Wages are morely the money expression
of the exchange value of their labor as
a commodity, a thing to be sold in the
market. If the slave succeeds in getting hold of n piece of God's world,
and sets to the task of providing himself with a living at the expense of his
own energy, he will be compelled to
turn his products into the capneious
maw of the market for a recompense
that will bear a most striking rcsem-
blanco to that which he formerly received ns wages. And besides, it is not
God's world. It betongs to the earthly
ruling class. The title is not recorded
lit heaven, but in the court house,
Henry George evidently wnn misinform-
d about the matter.
A GOVERNMENT   BOND   is   supposed to bc about the last word
in thc way of safe investment.
And furthermore it is frequently sought
after by cohsbr.VUtive and careful investors,    even    al-
WHY ALL though it may car-
THIS FRENZIED ry a lower rate of
BOOSTING"? interest    than    thc
ordinary eommer-
■iul securities. When it so happens thut
such bonds are exempted from taxation
they are made additionally attractive
nnd, frequently, eagerly seized upon by
investors. Now it is a matter of common knowledge, that any government
I hat is su circumstanced as to make its
bond a sound and safe investment for the
purchaser, is also so circumstanced as
to make it possible to issue non-interest
bearing notes that are just us good as
its bonds. It can put theso notes into
limitation by exactly the Bame process
that it would put into circulation the
proceeds of its bond issue, and thoso
notes would be just as readily received
the business transactions of the
times as would any other note circulation. If such notes were not good in
the markets of the world, then the
bonds of that government, likewise
would not and could not be n safe investment.
*       *       *
Furthermore, the credit of a nation
would not bo stretched to the same extent by the issuing of notes, ns would
bc the case with bonds, for the simple
roason thnt the former carry nn interest. A $5,000,000,000 issue of bonds
carrying 4 por cent, interest would involve an interest puyment of +2.10,000,-
000 per annum during the lifetime of
the bonds, and then the repayment of
the original sum. Tho entire amount
would nave to bo raised by taxation.
A note circulation of similnr amount
could bet retired nt the convenience (if
it was considered necessary to retire it at nil) at such time and
with such rapidity aa it returned    to    government    hands    through
With the employment at this point of
several thousand more wnge slaves thnn
formerly, erstwhile v«cant houses are
filling up uud business in general iB
reaching a much more satisfactory condition. All of which goes to prove that
The Federationist wise guy is quito correct when he asserts, that all tho ex-
luinge value that evor existed, no matter whether it appears to reside in real
estate or nny other form of property,
actually rests in the' hides, carcasses
and presence of thc workers. Whon tho
workors depart from any locality, all
exchange values, cither of real estate
or other form) likewise depart. When
the workers return, exchnnge valuo nlso
reappears as though born again, All of
which goeth to snow that thero is no
other property on earth possessing
either exchange value or the power to
produce it, except thc working class,
the slaves of capitalism. They constitute tho fabulous property, the huge
capitalization of the modern world, the
boasted wealth of nations, the monstrous swindle of this most Christian
civilization. And the cultural perfume
nf a civilization based upon so monstrous an iniquity as human slavery,
rises as a deadly gas-cloud of moral and
ethical poison from the battlefield, the
market place, the purlieus, the sowers,
the dank and noisome caverns of nil
that constitutes the vulgar edifice of
industrial exploitation, business chicanery, commercial grandiloquence and
capitalist magnificence, that is reared
upon thc rule and robbery of labor.
That poison is now getting in its work,
and this slave civilization is destined
to perish by virtue of its own medicine. It is dying by its own rottenness
nnd by its own slow poison. Hurrah
for tho obsequies! The mourners will
bc few.
What Is claimed to be the very lie-st
nerlii.1 acrobatic act In vaudeville Is coming to the Pantages next week In that
provided by the Four Casters; They nre
four men and are snld to be, without
exaggeration, the mont finished and sen-
Bttttonai experts on high burn appearing
before the public—thoy being, tn fact
\yhere a good many other aerial teams
leave off mid their triple aerial siiitht-
siiult is something to marvel nt.
"The Four Husbands" Coming
While minor theatres nre cluttered with
ro-called tabloid musics! comedies, there has
always boon noticeable litbnoneo of tiiii dam
of entertainment at tho Ofpheum thentrc. It
li»< not been bocnttne tlio Orpheum management did not like such acts, but merely bo-
cause thoy si-lilnin nunc up to thu Orphoutn
standard of enterlinmenti Where thi-m- offerings have been f. nnd to bo of exceptional
merit, the Orpheum ha*, allowed nothing to
stand lu the wny of nn engagement.
Tn the latter nitngory cornea "The Four
Husband*" whicli will be played by a company of thirty in the Orpheum  next week.
The Christianity of Capitalism
Editor B.  C.  Federationist:    There    are
many who imagine that religion  in general
and Christianity in particular ia fixed and
changeless, being based on absolute truths.
The fact is that the only changeless law
in tho universe is tho "law of change.1
The mountains were at one time fiery
vapor, theh molten mass, nnd recently, have
been thrown up from tho ocean bed, and
yet .these hills are permanent compared with
existing creeds of modern society.
There is no institution of human society
more plastic and more subjoct to economic
forces than religious sentiments organised
Into the church.
Our Bystem of wealth production Is baaed
on the exploitation of the wage worker
through the ownership of the machinery of
Bocial production. Men do not "gather
grapes of thorns or figs of thistles" today
any more than they did in the first century
and our conventional church Ib a thing
which has developed from and is in harmony with the economic basis of modern
society which we tenn capitaism or wage
slavery. "Yoa cannot serve Ood and Mammon, declared the Nazarine, but the Christianity he preached was based not on chattel
slavery which was the prevailing mode - of
production in his day, but Ihe idea of communism, industrial domocracy and universal
brotherhood and was in direct antagonism
to the chattel alavery and the robbery of
the prodncer npon which the empire of
Bome rested.
In fact, it was this economic conflict between the early Christians and the etsab-
lished order that resulted in the martyrdom
of tons of thousands of the early Christians.
That was why Jesus and thousands of his
followers were crucified and* today that is
why thousands of socialists are confined in
the loathsome jails of the toaster class.
It is also well known that Bome and Judaism had their official priesthood and religions which had developed out of the existing 'order and rested on the aching hack of
the slave. The "chief priests and scribes"
were the special enemies of the early Christian. Just as the prioat and mental prostitute who edits tho press and teaches in the
schools and colleges are the special enemy
of the workers of today. The priest and
exploiter havo ever worked together' as twin
robbers, ono enslaving the mind, while the
other stole the fruits of labor.
But religions change. Christianity became
perverted largely by Paul, a Roman Jew.
In the fourth century, it had become so respectable that it was formally adopted by
Constantino, the emperor of Rome, and became the champion of servitude and chattel
slavery. When chattel slavery went down,
Christianity became the mistress of feudalism. When capitalism, commercialism, became the dominant factor In production, she
again changed and that change in Germany
and Britain was expressed in the Protestant
Prod D, Warron, onco editor of the Appeal to Renson, In his pamphet, "Why the
Church Opposes Socialism," tells how the
church in America changed its preaching
and pructica according as changes took place
In the method of production,
Among the early settlers were- many followers of Wesley, the founder of the Methodist church. Somewhere bout 1825, a convention of this church was hold in Cincin-
tiatti and in their proceedings thoy discussed
the institution of, negro slavery and declared
it was an infamous institution, a violation
of the Golden Rulo, inasmuch as It wns
doing to the slave what you would not have
the slave do to you. Pew, If any, of these
people onnected with this church owned
slaves; they were mostly poor colonists who
wero seeking freedom to live and "worship
God"  in their own way.
But thoy began to prosper. The environment was bountiful and thoy were sober,
frugal and diligent. Thoy needed help, bo
they bought slaves.
About 1850 another Methodist conference
was held In the same city. The delegates
wero better dressed. Their God had prospered them. The subject of chattel slavery
was again brought up, but their economic
basis had shffted. That is "good" and
"right" which brings us prosperity and
happlnoss, and that Is "evil" ami "wrong"
which brings i m poverty and suffering.
Negro slavery had brought them prosperity,
therefore it was good.
This convention, by a large majority, declared slavery to bo a divine Institution and
they proved it through the command of Jehovah and the practice of his chosen, poople,
tho Jowa.
The Golden Rule was again applied; it
had become the rule of gold bs it is today
In Vancouver. To. deprive a member of the
community of his slave who hnd, after all,
been- created to bear tho burdens of God's
favorite children, would bo a violation of that
rule. It would be duing to the brother owning tho slave what, we would havo the brother
do to us—the rule worked both ways.
While the clergy down south endorsed
slavery, up north where free or wage labor
was alone suitable for manufacturing, tho
clergy condemned negro slavery as tho enemy uf God and man, The economic basis
had  shifted somewhat again.
While In New York last summer I saw the
church where John D. Rockefeller and his
.Sunday school-teaching son worshipped their
brand of Christianity which was in harmony
with tho robbery of their thousands of wage
slaves. This is tho church where tho Rev.
Bouck Whito was arrested and clubbed for
daring to ask Rockefellers spiritual advocate a question regarding the shooting of
women and children in the Colorado mining
strike. Not far from tho "Rockefeller't
den of thieves," is tho templo where J.
Pierpont Morgan took up the collection for
forty years before he "went to his reward."
It is a fine edifice, covered with ivy and the
windows contain precious pictures of cheru-
biins and archangels. As 1 looked at this
temple of Mammon I thought of tho story
of Lazarus rind Dives: "And the rich man
died also and in hell he lifted up his eyes,
being in torment, and saw Lazarus afar off
In Abraham's bosom." J. i*„ Junior, Btill
worships in the samo place and we learn
that he is now making a million a day out
of munition stocks and loans to tho allies.
Today tho church endorses the exploitation of thc wago slave. Every church Is a
recruiting office for war and yet evory
church pretends to represent thc Prince of
Thc churches nf Vancouver are financed
and controlled by liberals and conservatives,
men who believe In our present economic
system, and yet people often wonder why
socialists  do  uot  go lo  church.
W.   J.   CURRY.
Vanconver, Nov. 7,   1917.
"■tend Vat."
Editor B. C. Federatlonist; "There Ih
a tide in the affaire of men which, taken
ut the Hood, leadH on to fortune . . ,"
Yes, And today wc behold the Working i .Iiihh of Canada Htunding ut thc parting of the ways. One leads to Military
slavery—the other to—well, at teast self
respect; perhaps to frecdCm. Like every
other problem that confronts un workers,
the present one has Its base ln the economic structure of the Hociety of our time,
but without dealing with that, there are
one or two facts thnt need pointing out,
in order that those who have given n
little thought to tho workers' position
can rest content that they, at least, have
done all they can to clarify the Issue and
point the way.
That the establishment of milltarlem
will have far reaching, and of course,
detrimental effects on the workers is
pretty generally conceded, the onfy hitch
seems to be ln the fact that so many of
us are so imbued with a reverent respect
for what our mnsters nre pleased to can
the "Law" that the fact is lost sight of
that "laws" are only valid as long as
thc great mass of the people, tn other
wordH, the working class, recognize them
as such. While lt Is perfectly true that
the capitalists class has control of the
forces of the state—tho army, navy,
courts and police, the civilian portion of
the population has the power to sny
whether or not it will submit to measures such ns the government Is attempting to enforce at present, at least to
the extent of making such enforcement
inadvisable (from the government standpoint).
Consent is the basis of modern legislation. The people are supposed to elect
their representatives to the parliament,
which draws up "bills", passes them, and
calls upon each individual in the country
to obey those laws, on the ground that
the majority, which Is supposed to be the
t-'reator force, wants them. But such Is
he respect that some workers have for
law, that even when the government deliberately disfranchises some of those
who mny ilP expected to object to Its
policies, niul passes legislation for the
avowed purpose of making a large part
n the neoplo do what everyone knows
that it does unt want to do (otherwise,:
why tho bills?), tlie thought of resistance
never nee ii rs to them.
Kneli Individual member of the Canadian working class has, today to choose
om> of two courses.
Hither he lines up on the side of his
class.. Bafe in the knowledge that he has
nothing to lose but his chains—safe in
tbe knowledge that nothing worse can
happen to him than will happen If he tamely
does what he's told, like a good slave;
or he can submit to being converted into
a chattel, a cog in a vast military machine, a mere thing, whose every move
Ib under the control of an officer—to the
end that "the World may be made safe
for democracy," that the "Rights of
Small Nations mny be Preserved" (according to the press), but, In reality, that
wage slavery may be perpetuated, for
the benefit of his masters.
There is no other choice. He who contends that the British ruling class is a
little easier on its slaves than the German ruling class, and, in consequence,
should be supported hy its slaves in the
war, takes but the side of that ruling
class. He believes that the beautiful picture of Democracy, trotted out by our
musters' lickspittles on every possible occasion, has some foundation ln the world
of reality, even when the memory of
Nanalmo. Powell St., 40c a day, and
"financial stringency" cannot be quite
dead—to Bay nothing of the knowledge
of such things as London stums, "16 million on the verge of starvation, a lying
press and the general prevalence of hypo-
cracy in present duy institutions.
We hare Indeed nothing to loae bnt
our chains; let us then recognize the fact,
take the side of our class and STAXD
Yours for the Revolution,
Longshoremen's Union, Pender Hall,
Vancouver, B. C, November 1917.
Edmonton Street Oor Itrlke ConcUUatlon
Editor B. C. Federationist; In order
that you may be posted as to the progress
of official anarchy, as exemplified by Edmonton city council's "I Defy You," lt
Is only necessary to say a few words.
Having failed ln their effort to bluff the
federal government into refusing a conciliation board, the super-scab council
proceeded to the courts of justice for an
injunction. Simultaneously the representative of the union, who is also Tory candidate for East Edmonton, for Ottawa,
resigned on account of the election being
held. Of course it is no secret now that
a large number of traitors were planted
ln the union to break It up. This was
proved first by all those who forced the
strike by a majority of one in the union,
being taken back by Union-Breaker Moir,
the superintendent, and lt was cinched
when tho injunction proceedings opened
in court with the city solicitor, relying
upon six affidavits from former union
men now scabs swearing that when they
went back there was no Intention, understanding or agreement that a conciliation
board would be granted. Is it any wonder that lt ts necessary for Labor to fight
on, when every time the masters are
driven into a corner, a hunch of themselves proceed to swear against themselves t In this caso the fraud of such
evidence is transparent for the men called oft* the walkout and applied for work
on the advice of the federal fair wage
officer, who assured them of a conciliation board.
However, thanks to the fact that there
is an election coining, the Ottawa government loses no time. Judge M. S. McCarthy, who had been chosen chairman
of the conciliation board, Is forthwlt.n
appointed a royal commissioner, which
gives him all the powers of a conciliation
bonrd nnd a few more a little hronder.
While the findings and recommendations of thc royal commissioner will not
be binding upon the city council, nevertheless they will be just as much so as
the findings of a conciliation hoard, under
the Lemleux Act.
Whnt a bunch we have for a city conn-
cl can best be exemplified by just announcing the fact that today. In face of
the expected but now abortive conciliation board, and the present royal commission, that under duress pressure,
threats, hones of reward and stand in
this Union-breaking Manager Moir, Is
circulating among the present employees
r petition, certificate or round robin, that
tbey are all satisfied now. That Is tlusy
must sign or be fired.
On with democracy! Liberty or death.
Edmonton, oh Edmonton! i
Don't roast the poor old burg too much.
Onc or two Items of late have given us
a hint that all ts not yet lost.
Ex-Street Car Union, With-card-ln-
pocket Alderman C, H. Grant is still with
us; very still. Has not been heard of
since he stabbed his former comrades in
the back with resolution No. 1.
Edmonton, Alberta, Nov. 8.
SUNDAY, Nov. U—Musicians,
Stage Employees,
MONDAY, Nov. 12— Amal. Engineers, Pattern Makers, Bro.
Loco. Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Boiler Makers, U. B.
Carpentors No, 617, Iron Workers, Street Railwaymen's Exec.
TUESDAY, Nov, 13—Butchers
and Meat .Cutters, Campaign
Committee, Barbers, Pressmen,
Stone Cutters, Machinists No.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14—Metal
Trades Council, Stereotypers,
Teamsters and Chauffeurs,
Bricklayers, Street Railway-
THURSDAY, Nov. 15—Trades
and Labor Council, Maintenance of Wnymen.
FRIDAY, Nov. 1(1—Labor Campaign Whist Drive nnd Dance,
Railway Carmen, Granite Cutters, Molders, Civic Employees,
Pile Drivers nnd Wooden
SATURDAY, Nov. 17—Bakers,
Important to Silverware Buyers
iTho silves bullion for tho manufacture of our Christmas
stocks wns bought BELOW MARKET PBIOES. Otherwise our catalogue pricos would be higher by 10 to 25
per cont.
Should silver bullion continuo nt (resent prices our
silverware will bo advanced on January 1st. New prices
will bo printod on that date and mailed on request.
Geo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir. Granville St.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
OF FORTY LOIS—Being the Subdivision ot
Lota 3 and 4, Block 32, D. L. 192,
Wo have been instructed by tho owner
of this valuable property to sell it in lota
by public auction. This proporty Is situated
In one of tlie best residential parts of Kitsllano, within easy reach of tho cars and
beach; has a splendid view of the bay, and
ia without exception one of the beat and
healthiest parts of the cltv. The Iota are
high and dry, are graded and level and
have all been aoeded. The boulevards and
lanea are cleared, the former being laid out
with treea. Water, telephone, electric light,
gas and aewera are already In. There are
no encumbrances on thla property, and all
tuxes, including 1017. paid. Indefeasible
title. Tho surrounding lots aro highly priced.
Broadway And Fourth avenuo curs run close
to tho property. Parties wishing to secure
a homesite should soe this property as they
can not afford to miss thla opportunity of
buying at their own figure Ternm of sale:
One-third ensh, balance one and two years
at 6 per cent. Tho sale will start ot 2:30
p.m., in tho
DOMINION HALL.  339 Pender   St.  Weat.
Saturday, November 10, 1917.
LENNIB & CO., Auctioneers
331 Pender Street Weat      Phone Sey. 7173
Bacon, sliced, per &....„....„ SOo
Ayrshire Bacon  SOe aad 360
Slater's Tea, tt _ SOe
Slater's Coffee, lb SSe
Apex Jam, 4-Ib. tins 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... SSe
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 8 for  SSe
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Pell-wry to All Parta
1S1 Hastings St Eut   Bay. Sam
SSO Granville St.     Boy. 868
S3U Main Street    Felt. 16SS
t. Edward Bean    OBct: Uy. Ull
Barristers, Solicitors, Coanyuctrs, Etc.
Victoria aad Vancouver
Vaneoaver Offlct: 616*7 Rogers Bldg.
Assets ....
... 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
nay be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oorner Hastings and Gamble Sti.
TheBankofBritiihNorth America
Established la 1891
Branches throughout  Canada and  at
Barings Department
Capital $16,000,000        Best 113,600,000
President: SIB JOHN AIED
Main Offlce;  Oorner Hastings aad Oranvllle Streets, Vaneonver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Oor. First Avenne and Oonunwoial Drive
EAST END Oor. Finder and Main Straets
FAIRVIEW Oor. Birth Annuo and Oran.llla Streot
HASTINOS and CAHBIE Oor. Hastings and Gamble atresia
KITSILANO Oor. Fourth Annuo and Tow Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Annuo and Msln Strait
POWELL BTREET Oor. Vlotoria Drln and Pow.ll Btreet
BOOTH HILL Oor. Forty-olghth end Fraier Ana.
Alio North Vaneonver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue ud Esplanade
A Cluff
—represent!*, the best Shoemaker,** In
the country.
It means sterling, hlgh-grado leather
It la Invariably a SHOE that FITS
your foot.
WE make a specialty ot satisfying
tho needs of people whose feet are
hard to At.
It is in every sense a FAMILY
SHOE STORE, a' store where you'll
Snd courteous servico always.
Opp. Bank of Commerce
O. N. STAOET, Manager
Oranvllle and Fonder
Don't atow away your spare
cash In any old eorner where It ll
in danger from burglars or Ire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give yon full
banking service, whether yonr account is largo or amall.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
W. O. -TOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Street West
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up ._ t 12,911,000
Reserve Funds    14,324,000
Total Assets   887,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, WeBt Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—say, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.   No delay ln withdrawal. smmm
...November 9, 1917
Conceded to be one of
the most beautiful women on the stage today,
Elsie Ferguson loses
none of her charm on
the screen in her first
Artcraft picture, "Bar-
bary Sheep," coming to
All Next Week
One week commencing
Monday, November 12
"Potash and
NOTE:—This piny is not the
one staged by tho road company
a few weeks ngo. It is entirely
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
2:80—TWICE DAILY—8:20
Tho ininlaturo musical comedy
Matlnae Prices:   16c, 20c, 30c, 65c.
Evening Prices:  18c, SOe, 40c, 55c, 80c
(Continued From Page 4.)
"Back to Natures' Girls"
"Harry Jolson"
Sjhaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Doea Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
HMkttf actured in Britiah Colombia
met by conscription. The same arguments were used in Australia, but when
the matter was submitted to the electorate it was turned down by a large
majority. But in spite of the refusal
of the people to enact a conscription
measure the voluntary enlistment of
Australians has been continued and the
Commonwealth has done its share in
supplying troops. ,
Hen Enlisted by False Pretences
There are a number of reasons for
the falling off in recruiting in Canada.
The matter has been left in the hands
of political colonels and other officers
appointed for bravery on the political
field, and in this' connection it is as
well tb state that ah far as I know
not a single workman in the province
of British Columbia has been able to
secure an officer's commission during
the three years of th» war. The workmen have been reserved for the ranks,
although many of them were given
stripes as non-commisaioned officers,
which were afterwards taken from
them on their arrival in England.
Others were promised certain allowances for their dependents, which were
found non-existent when the man had
been sworn in. Still others enlisted for
certain specified service, but were
moved without their consent to other
branches of the service. All of these
reasons have contributed to tbe falling
off in volunteers, coupled of course
with the plundering and profiteering
that has gone on since the war started.
Sacred Profits of Mill Owners
And there aro some people who have
heard of the offer of the Japanese of
the city and district to supply a suf-
fiont number of men of' their race to
form u regiment, showing their anxiety
by drilling themselves while waiting
for official sanction from Ottawa. Apparently a controversy arose among the
Japanese about the matter, for the
newspaper office that favored the organization of tho regiment was badly
wrecked one night and shortly after
word came from Ottawa that the minister of militia had refused permission
for the recruiting of the regiment.
An examination of the official files at
Ottawa would show some correspondence and telegrams from local people
containing the protests of the local mill-
owners and cannerymen'against taking
their cheap labor for military purposes.
This is the real "inside" story of tho
refusal to grant permission to recruit
the regiment of Japanese in this city.
The sequel was that two or three hundred of thc men pnid their own way to
Calgary and enlisted there whore there
were no patriotic mill-owners to inter
Guarded. $6,00 Austrians for 91.10
I said that the voluntary enlistment
had fallen off badly because the cam
paign had been badly handled, because
men were rocruited in many cnBes under false pretences. Tou will find that
while mon have been recruited to serve
this country for the magnificent sum
of one dollar and ten cents a day, their
jobs that have not been tnken by Austrians have boon given to Asiatics.
I was in the interior of B. C. a little
while back,, and made, some
quirios at Trail, where there is a big
smelter employing some fifteen or sixteen hundred men. The'smelter was
being guarded by soldiers with fixed
bayonets. Thoy said they were protecting thc smelter, but the general
manager agreed with me that the real
protection was for the Austrians, who
were employed on the inside at $4.00
and $5.00 per day. And this condition
is not confined to Trail. Go to Bri'
tniuiiii, Anyox and Ocean Falls, and
you will find that* the best jobs are
held by uliens, while soldiors are being
recruited and compulsorily recruited,
under this act for tho magnificent
wago of $1.10 a day. Why should men
enlist under these conditions! There
can be no question of the correctness
of the statement, bocause it was only
yesterday that on Austrian was fined
$75 for failing to report to the authorities as he was required to do under the War Measures Act.1
Cream Reserved for Asiatics and Aliens
It is discouraging, indeed, for a
workman to quit his job and go to the
front for $1.10 per day, only to find
that they aro employing in hiB place
alien enemies' and allowing others to
come in from the other side in order
that the labor supply may not fall below what the employers deem is requisite. An effort is also being made
to bring in Chinese. A delegation
went to Ottawa not long ago and applied for permission to bring in indentured labor from China. That is what
the Hon. Dr. Roche stated in the
House of Commons, and it is on record
in Hansard that such was the caso; a
delegation from the Vancouver Bonrd
of Trade, he said. Bat whon thc matter was brought to the attention of the
Board of Trade, thoy said: "No, we
did not have anything to do with it,
but somo of our members went unofficially and put up tho proposition."
There havo been repeated rumors that
some thirty-five thousand Chineso have
gone through this port for service overseas and thnt some havo beon
diverted at various points in the
Dominion of Cunadu. I don't
think thut is true, but there is
no question efforts have been made by
some employers to secure ii supply of
indentured Chineso labor for the provinco of British Columbia.
Every Union Has Men at Front
To tho voluntary enliBtmont system
neither myself or my colleagues nor tho
organizations we represent, havo any
objection, becauso evory ono of the
organizations, starting at the top of
the list with the barbers, down to the
last union on the list, probably tho
typographical, speaking alphabetically,
has men at the front. Every one of
those organizations hag frohi five to
several hundred men from tho province
of British Columbia, and when you remember that ovor five thousand members of organized labor in this province ulono and over thirty thousand in
Canada that we know of have enlisted,
you will understand we havo as large
an Interest iu tho war itsolf and the
cause of thc rcturnod soldier and the
dependents of soldiers as anyone could
posBibly have.
Wrong Principle Followed
My colleague has dealt with the
question of the patriotic fund. Thoro
can bo no two ways of dealing with
that question. The system of compulsory dockage from the wages of men,
men and children to increase tho al
lowance of the dependents of soldiors
meots with genoral condemnation, and
deservedly so. The whole trouble Ib one
of insufficient pay in the first instance,
and if the pay had' been fixed as it
—the entire surplus stock of several of British Columbia's most prominent and reliable merchants. THE REASON WHY: Unsettled *
conditions in the merchandise markets led conservative business heads to buy extremely heavy to protect their patrons against the
ever-increasing high prices. But disastrous business conditions in certain parts of the,province interfered with thta well-planned
movement to keep down high prices, and instead of the merchants reaping the benefit of their wisdom and foresight, they were loaded to the ceiling with staple standard brands of merchandise and no available outlet—and right here comes the buyer of the Liberty
Store, with ready cash, and snaps up these surplus stocks at 40c, 50c and 60c on the dollar, to give the working men of Vancouver
and this vicinity the opportunity of buying dependable merchandise at far less than pre-war prices. The sale opens, rain or shine,
Saturday, Nov. 10th, at 10 a.m.
Ladies' Shoes
Ladies' Shoes, including such famous brands
as Utz & Dunn of Rochester, N. Y., Classic,
Queen Quality, Sorosis and other equally
famous brands; values up to $10 and $12.
I Sizos in this lot, 2, 21-2, 3, 31-2 only.
About 500 pairs. While they dJO QO
last—Selling-out sale «P««a/0
Ladies Fine High-top Boots^ in the newest
colors, in line kids, etc. Values to $14 and
$10.   Selling- djfi QO
out salo  «p*J«vO
Thc highest grade Ladies' Shoes, representing the very best makes; all sizes; all
styles. Hundrods of models to choose from.
Values to $12. 0-jr price— ■ djO QO
Selling-out sale  mfOalfO
Tine Pumps and Oxfords, made by Edwin
Burt of Now York. Also Utz & Dunn and
other Amorican manufacturers. Values in
this lot to $10. All sizes are here. Selling-out
$2.98 to $3.98
Children's Sh es
The famous ClusBic Brand and other makes,
all thrown out at about half price. Values
to $3.50. d»1   QQ
Selling-out sale  mflaVO
Men's Furnishings
Handkerchiefs, elsewhere to 10c. (J
Selling-out sale  OC
Boys' Pants, elsewhere they sell at     AQ
(1.75.   Selling-out sale  HOC
Wool Tweed Shirts, elsewhere **• jsr_
42.50.   Selling-out salo $1.49
Negligee Shirts, W. O. & B., Tooke, Arrow,
etc.; elsewhere 41.50 to, $2.25. t_0
All sizes.   Selling-oat sale - <7oC
Wool Underwear, 300 dozen; QQ
reg. $1.75. Selling-out salo !/OC
Heavy Wool Sweaters, at far less than wholesale pricos. Values to 47.50. *y| QQ
Selling-out sale  — $fr.«sO
Stetson Hats, at less than half price; all
sizes; reg. $5.00. A-a   QQ
Selling-out salo _ «J> 1 ,af O
Carhartt Overalls; olsewhore $2. A 4 Af\
Selling-out sale «p 1»4«7
Silk Neckwear, olsowhere they 00-»
sell at 75c.   Soling-out sale me«IC
2000 NockticB, reg. 75c; hundreds of ttA
new patterns.    Selling-out sale emtntC
100 dozen Cotton Flannel Shirts, reg. _ft —
85c to $1.    Selling-out sale  4a7C
Heavy Work Gloves, somo wool lined. Beg.
42.00.   Selling-out **|   AA
salo  -••••• ty 1 aemtf
41.00 Caps, CO*.
Selling-out salo" 9S7C
Apparel for Men
Men's Suits, positively worth   *10 QQ
to 425. Selling-out sale yl-6.90
Hand-tailored Suits that * will meet the requirements of the molt exacting critics.
Values to 435. t_t /J AA
Selling-out sale  «f)10.90
Fine Overcoats, at prices that spell economy;
regular to 425. All sizes; in*< A QQ
all colors.   Selling-out sale -.sp 14.2/0
100 dozen Fad Garters; reg. 25c. \ A
Selling-out sale _ l*fC
Baincoats—a large assortment of fine paramattas and waterproof tweeds; regular to
out sale jpy.yotojpiz.yo
300 dozen Natural Merino Underwear, medium weight. Reg. 41.00. *n
Selling-out sale _ OOC
50c heavyweight Polico and Firemen's Suspenders. *yA_.
Soling-out sale - _._ avK*
Heavy Work Shirts,   all sizes,   all colors.
Bog. 41.75. QQ-
Selling-out sale -. <?OC
Baincoats, made in the latest trench style.
Begular $18.00. ary QQ
Sellingout sale  _ «p I .27 O
Mackinaw Coats, reg. 412.50; pure wool—
the old qualities. \_d QQ
Sellingout sale «BO.«70
Men's Shoes
Men 'a Patent Colt Boots, made by America'a
most renowned makers; valut
to 47.50.   Selling-out sale ....
most renowned makers; values *<» QQ
Copeland, Byder, Florsheim, Walkover, Hartt,
J. and T. Bell and other famous makea of
America's best shoes, all thrown out at
bargain prices. Shoes in this lot to fit anybody. Genuine Russia ealf, glazed kangaroo and other high-grade leathers. These
shoes positively worth from 410
to $14.   Selling-out sale
$5.98 to $6.98
Hartt, Slater and other good makes of fine
Dress Boots. Some leather lined, some
have the ever-popular raised stubb toes,
others with recede toes. All sizes. Values
to 43.00.
$4.98 and $5.49
Men's Boots; all sizes; heavy ones for work
and lighter weights for dress; #Q AO
values to 40. Sellingout sale ...afemaUO
Boots for the Boys
AU sizes up to 5 1-2, heavy soled, well made
shoes.   Begular $3.60. CO AQ
Selling out sale  ap-fi.'KF
<mmD^(M_U-_TaW BROKER/
3IS    MA/TIWCy V"
should have been und raised in consideration of the iner-eused cost of living,
there would havo been no necessity for
tho perpetuation of tbis patriotic fund
to eke out the allowance of soldier's
Soldiers and Dependents Grievances
Ever since the beginning of tho war
I have taken up every grionvnnce presented by dependents of soldiers, either
in connection with thc putriotic fund
of the pensions bonrd, nnd I am
pleased to be able lo sny that n great
many grievances hnvo in this manner
beon ndjasted. Since the men have
started to return from the front h great
deal of time and assistance hus been
givon them in securing employment in
keoping with their physical condition,
this work being undertaken regardless
of whether tho men concerned were
members of the organizations or not,
For one returned mun I was able to
securo tho payment of $275 thnt his
wife bud beon unable to secure from
tho patriotic fund, duo to misunderstanding, for which sho wus partially
responsible. A returned soldier is
coming in tomorrow morning to seo
about a position ut thc trnde ho formerly followed in Winnipeg and evory
effort will be mndo to accommodate
Mnny instances have beon found
whoro largo employers havo tried to
take advantage of tho physical infirmities of the returned mon, nnd thiB the
organizations are trying to prevent.
Soldiers Are Workmen
Tho majority of the soldiors wore
workmon before thoy enlisted, and will
again havo to enter tho ranks of the
workmen when thoy return. Naturally, their interest will bo best protected by affiliating with tho organ-
izntions of lnbor, if thoy aro not already members. If thc intorests of the
workmen are best protected in industrial lifo by officers of tho union
movement, then it naturally follows
that theso men better understand the
position of tho workmen—their noods
and requirements and how thoso ends
cnn bo brought nbout. And this is ns
truo in thc Houso vt Commons ns it
is in tho ordinury walks of life. If
thc returned mon, their wives, mothers,
sisters, have the renl interosts of tho
soldier nt heart thoy will support tbo
candidates of tho clnss to which thoy
themselves belong, rnther than a candidate, even though ho bo nn officer,
who is plodged iu udvunce to support
the presont government at Ottawa. No
member can possibly represent tho
working people of this or nny other
district who is bound by an obligation
to a party which has boen directly responsible for most of tho ills that have
so far befallen tho soldiers nnd their
Holding Forts in France and Canada
Thc soldiers wh ohave gone to tho
front are holding forts of vnrioiis kinds,
and those of us who remain un-'trying
to hold the fort to keop conditions as
near as possibly what they were when
the soldiers left, or to improve them so
that they will come back to at least as
good conditions ns existed when they
went away. That campaign is just as
necessary in our opinion us any othor
that can bo 'urged. ThiB attempt by
tho working peoplo of this country to
securo representation in tho halls of
legislation is in keoping with ourgeneral
policy of keeping this country in such
u condition thnt these soldiers, when
they return us workerB, will bo ablo
to find better conditions than the pro-
vious speaker hns depicted ns having
boon found by the South African veterans when they returned to Great
Britain. It will bo a reproach to us
who nre remaining if wo permit* such
conditions as were described by him
to bo reproduced in British Columbia
and tho Dominion of Canada after this
wur is over.
Old Forties Agree on Pensions
There may be somo who claim that
the Conservatives aro solely responsible
for the pensions and allowances of the
widows and soldiers. Lot mo correct
that impression. The pension allowance and tho wnge allowanco wns tho
result of tho ununimous support of tho
joint committee of parliament, consisting of representation from both nicies
of the Houso. Both sides wore unanimous on tho quostion of tlio scalo of
puy and on tho amount of pension to
families of soldiors, and neither ono
pnrty or the other can claim tho crodit,
because thoro is none to bo claimed,
nor repudiate responsibility for tho allowances which hnvo boon granted to
those who arc taking un nctivo part
iu the wur. Tho pension question has
ulreudy beon takon up by Labor organizations. It wns taken up with tho
pension commissioners whilo here, und
it wus tnken up by onr representatives
ut Ottawn, and as a rosult of tlio representations tlio govorntaont hus decided to Increase the pensions, and tho
change will bo coming into effect
Labor Tries to Secure Increases
The   Lnbor  forces  of  this   country
have taken  up those question*   from
timo to timo, tho question of pensions
and tbo question of pay, nnd they were
taken up in advance of any other organization, whether returned soldiers
or any othor organization. We owe no
apology for our attitude in that connection, and we will continue to take
them up if any of our candidates
throughout Canada find a place in the
Houso of Commons.
Should Support Own Class
In the constituency in which I have
the honor to be the candidate there
are probably more soldiers' wives and
rolntivos than there are in nny of the
other districts. In that constituency,
for the purpose of winning the wnr or
stealing the election, n proposal hus been
made thnt thoy run a soldier enndidate;
I understand a gentleman of the nnmc
of Major Cooper hus secured the nomination. I have nothing whatever to suy
ngniiiBt him. I hnvo not hiot him, but
I understand ho doos uot belong to this
city or district. I have this to soy to
the women, wives, sisters uud mothers
of soldiers in tho constituency of Vancouvor South nnd Burrard. When Iheir
husbands went to tho front thoy were
members of various lubor organizations
or taming thoir living by duy labor.
And whon thoy come bnck, they will be
in tbo snme position or probably partially incapacitated, nnd uuublo to fend
us well for their families as when they
went to tho front, and if they think
their interests aro to bo best guarded
by supporting tho candidature of an
officer, one who professus to 'understand
tho causo of tho working pooplo of tho
constituency, better thnn by supporting
tho representative of tlio working people, then I commend Mnjor Cooper to
thoir uttontion.
But if on tho othor hnnd, they feol
thnt their brothers, husbunds or sons
would have supported u working clnss
representative, if thoy wero hero, it behooves them not to bo led nwny by on-
thusinsm, or the blandishments of politicians who will shako hands with thom
from day to dny until election dny and
shnkc tholn altogether nfterwurds; but
to try and remember how their mon at
tho front would liko thom to voto, nnd
carry on the battle for improved conditions for those who aro here nnd those
who aro coming bnck,
.All Women Should Havo Vote
In connection with the franchise net,
I havo no objection to the women who
aro relatives of tho soldiers having tho
franchise, but I say it is n dirty steal
that the rest of tho women should uot
havo been given tho opporl unity to express their opinion in connection with
tho present campaign. I suy that tho
women who have been working nt Red
Cross work, munition work, following
all the various diversified employments
of the country—if they are good enough
to carry on that work, they are good
enough to be given an opporunity of exorcising their franchise at least in such
a province as this, whore they have
been given the franchise in provincial
matters. And I don't think the government had any other purposo in view
than the stealing of tne election by
granting the franchise to tho dependents of soldiers and prohibiting others
from having an opportunity to vote, and
I think if the soldiers' wives ore not
as narrow-minded ob tho government
expect they are, they will reprehend
such action on election day in no uncertain manner. If they tako advantage
of voting for candidates opposed to the
government, they will indicate that the
women aro not so easily gulled as to full
in line for a partial enfranchisement of
tho women and that, once grunted, it
will havo to be granted to the entire
womanhood of the country.
Ask Support for Labor Candidates
In concluding my remarks, I want to
say these campaign meetings ure going
to bo held in different pnrts of the constituency, nnd while we have candidates in Burrard and Vancouver .South,
there is another candidate in Vaneoaver
Centre, and to thoso workmen who nro
located in wards one, two, throo nnd
four, I want to Bay thoy will have an
opportunity of voicing their disapproval
of tho present coalition government,
win-the-war government, if you please,
or steal the election government, bv
voting for Mr. Pritchard, who is candidato for the socialist pnrty. If I were
in that constituency, I would vote for
him, und my recommendation to the
workers in that constituency is to voto
for the candidate of the Socialist Party
of Cunudo. In the other constituency,
1 want you to vote for my friend Midgley in Burrnrd, and if you huve a vote
in South Vancouver, then the proper
thing for you to do is to vote fur mo,
Work for Representation
In commending the candidature of my
colleague und myself to you, I trust you
will tnke advantage of tho offer thrown
out by the campaign matiugor, Miss
Gutteridge. She wuk aiming the workers who flrnt engaged in the BtlffrhgO
movement in British Columbia. That
is, she wns working for woman sufTruge
long before it wus fashionable, und she
knows something about campaigning in
the interests of the franchise and of
working people generally. I hope you
will take udviintage of hor invitation
nnd volunteer to do whut you can in
the interests of securing representation
for the working people in tho forthcoming election in the Dominioa of
Refined Service
One Block waat of Court Houn.
Use of Modern Chapel snd
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Sermour 2425
<5eli5 fron Gone
of America  *Q**
toprmcHr a mot ham wcistiwco ito|
Alk   tor thli  Lsbel  whon pnrchwlng  Beer,
Alt> or Purler, ■■ t Kuirtnloe that It li Union4
Mftrto. TbU In our I.tbel
Tho   Foilorotlonlst   in   on   inlo   la
Vnncouvor    Bt    tho   following   nows
stand, i
184 Uniting. Stroot Eut
Foot Or.nvllto Stnet
Oornor'Htntlng. .nd Columbia
439 Rlofa.rli Strait PAGE EIGHT
FBIDAT November 9, 1917
We put the Union ^abel on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies arid Gentlemen—      *
We do this as a guarantee that you have received the hest of workmanship throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters havo for yoars given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
were wearing clothes that fit—clothes that were built for them. See
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. The prioes on
our madetoorder Suits and Coata are the lowest consistent with standard goods and eipert workmanship.
Your Hat, Sir—
It is here   d»rt CA
ter you at ap£s,0\J
No More
No Less
We Lead In Snappy and Up-to-date Models
Our Slogan:
Quality at the Least Possible Price
Black and White Hat Store
VIOTOBIA, B. C: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C.t Greenhouses and Nursery on 0. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.   .
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treet and Shrubi, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Cut Flowen and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Begistered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988-672,
Braneh Store, Vancouver—728 Oranvllle Street.    Phone Seymour 9518
Houn: 9 to 8 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evening*
Phone Seymonr 3219 Closed Saturday Afternoon!
Puts Pointed Questions
Samuel Gompers the
Wants Light Thrown on the
"Alliance for Labor
and Democracy"
Where ia the so-called Alliance for
Labor and Democracy getting the large
sams of money which are paying for
special trainH, hall rent and a countrywide publicity campaign!
That is the question put to Samuel
Gompers, president of the "Alliance"
and of the American Fedoration of Labor by James H, Maurer, president of
the Pennsylvania State Federation of
Labor, says the New Times.
Mr. Maurer's letter to Mr. Gompers
"Harrisburg, Pa., Oct. 4,1917.
"Mr. Samuel Gompers, President Amer*
lean Federation of Labor, Washington, D.C.
"Dear Sir and Brothor:—On September 5 the Alliance for Labor and
Democracy mot in Minneapolis, and
later elected you its president, fc-'ince
that time officials of the A. F. of L.
have been appearing at mass meetings
on the same platform with some of
the leading reactionaries of the country. Those happenings are of such a
peculiar nature that I feel justified,
aB a responsible official in the Pennsylvania labor movement, to ask you certain questions with regard to them:
"1. What were the sources from
whioh you secured the money for the
Minneapolis convention f
'' 2. Did you receive the bulk of the
money from any one source f
*'3. Was any largo part of the money
contributed by, or through an official
of the federal government?
"4. Who paid for your special train
from New fork to Minneapolis!
"5. Was transportation given free
to any of those who were on the special
"6.   If bo, to how many!
"7. Did the Civie and Commerce association of Minneapolis arrange a dinner for the Alliance for Labor and
"8. When you and Mr. Boot Bpoke
from the same platform in Chicago, did
you pay the expenses or did Mr. Boot!
If neither of youvpaid, who did!
"9. Governor Burnquist was one of
the chief speakers at your Minneapolis
conference. Did he help finance the
"10. September 15, the Alliance for
Labor and Democracy held a meeting in
Madison Square Garden, New York.
From what sonrces did the money come
to defray the expenses!
"11. Who is paying for the halls,
bands, speakers and advertising for
other meetings lately, held under the
After Several Months in Office
No Food Yet "Controlled"
The "food controller" of Canada, W.
J. Hanna, multi-millionaire, makes a
frank confession that in all the,months
he has been in office, ho hasn't accomplished a solitary thing toward making
prices of foodstuffs lower and curtailing
the activities of food sharks who have
piled up in cold storage plants all over
the country great stores of food, and
many tons in Vancouvor also.
In the Canadian Food Bulletin, issued under authority of Hanna, a
"food control summary" is issued.
This proveB the case for The Federationist, that not a solitary thing has
boon accomplished by Hanna nor any
of his "food advisers," such as Charles
Macdonald, liberal candidato in South
Vancouver, who now hus come out in
favor of the'hybrid "union" government. Here Ib the official "summary"
of tho "accomplishments" of JIaima
and his food advisers, who receive no
pay for their work, but whose expenae
accounts surely are not being borne out
of the pockets of each of them:
Campaign inaugurated to encourage
the use of iish, for better transportation
of fish, and to inerease production.
Pinna developed, in co-operation with
provincial governments, for utilization
of inland waters as source of fish supply.
Organization in each province to induce people to conserve food and to decrease their consumption of foods needed by the Allies.
A committee ia dealing with tho potato situation to ensure satisfactory
distribution and to encourage consumption and to aave bread.
Milk conditions are being studied by
auspices of the Alliance for Labor and
"12. Who is it that handles the
publicity work for the Alliance, and
whero does the money come from to
pay for it?
"TheBe questions are agitating the
minds of many people, among them
active trade unionists. I feel, therefore, that you, as preaident of the
American Alliance for Labor and
Democracy, are the proper official to
answer them, and by doing so stop fu
ture speculation on the subject.
1' Assuring you that I will appreciate
an early reply, and thanking you in advance, I remain,
"Fraternally yours,
(Signed)     '' JAS. H. MAUBEB. *'
So open, St. Peter, and let me in.
I've never grumbled, I've never struck,
I've never meddled with Union track;
But I muit be on my way to win,
St. ePter iat and stroked bli staff:
In spite of bit office be bad to laugh:
And then be arose ao grim and tall,
And pressed • button upon tbe wall,
And said to the Imp wbo answered the bell,
"Escort tbti fellow arcrtnd to bell.
"Ask Satan to give him a uat alone,
On a red-hot griddle up near the throne:
In the corner that'i pived with molten lead,
And where sulphur fumes are the only bread
"But if the Devil can't stand the smell,
Of a fricasseed icab oa a griddle In bell,
Go back to your owners on earth and air.
Tbat even from hell you were turned away.1'
food experts ,of the leading Canadian
cities to see what may be done to reduce the cost to civilians. Situation is
dependent largely upon evaporated milk
demands. Other questions relating to
'the milk supply are under consideration. Important information already
obtained by committee.
Profits of millers have been limited
to a maximum average of 25 cents- on
the milling of sufficient wheat to make
a barrel of flour of lSQVpounds and the
offals produced in connection with such
Arrangements have been made for
the milling in Canada of threo standard
grades'of flour, representing the highest extraction of the wheat that will
make a wholesomo loaf.
The food controller has secured power
to require returns and any information
desired" from wholesale dealers in food.
.Profits of wholesale dealers in fruit
and vegetables are to be kept within a
reasonable 'percentage,
Dining car menus simplified with a
view to food saving, the railway companies having tnken action at the suggestion of the food controller.
Profits in thc wholesalo fruit trade in
Western Canada and general conditions
of the trade aro being investigated by
representatives of the food controllor,
who are Btill in tho west.
Food controller is assisting in supplying Western Canada's demand for applea with Nova Scotia crop, which usually goes to Grent Britain, but this year
hicks a market overseas.
Gasoline shortage averted in both
Atlantic nnd Pacific fishing industries
by prompt action of the fish committee
of the food controller's offico.
Complicated sitautions which** havo
arisen in connection with the importation of corn and sugar being dealt with.
Conferences have been held by Mr.
Hanna with Lord Northcliffe and representatives of tho United Statos food
adminiatration with a view to an understanding between the food control
organizations of Canada and the Unitod
States and tho AIHcb' buyers in
Questions in regard to allocation of
certain important food supplies are being worked out.
Educational' campaign has been instituted covering all provinces. This
work will bo rafidly developed.
Fledge card campaign undertaken in
Ontario in co-operation with the provincial organization of resources committee Similar campaigns are being
prepared in other provinces.
Arrangements made in co-operation
with the .department of marine and
fisheries, to enable marketing as far
east as Winnipeg of certain varieties of
Pacific food fish at reasonable prices.
Representations made to British government in order to secure aupply of
linen netting for gill nets needed by
Canadian fishermen.
Active assistance of prominent business men enliBted in work of food control organization.
Steps have been decided upon, in cooperation with tho department of agriculture, to establish exchange depots to
encourage the saving of calves by facilitating distribution, Efforts will be
made to encourage increased production of live atock in Canada.
k:: snuff A>:
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
■  r,
It has a pleasing
flavor. ,
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. 6. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing., The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Canadian Northern Railway
Ttltpkeu Sqmoar Mn
Steel Shipbuilders
WE are constructing in Vancouver, six steel steamers of 8800
deadweight tons capacity. These vessels are 425 feet long,
54 feet beam, 29.2 feet moulded depth, and are the largest under
construction in Canada. They are turbine-driven vessels, with Scotch
boilers, which are being built in our shops in Vancouver.
Structural Steel Fabricators
We have a well-assorted stock of I-Beams, Channels, H-Sections,
Angles and Plate, and are well-equipped to do fabricating work
required expeditiously and economically.
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA mmmsmmaamaama^ammmmmaaaammims
FRIDAY November 0, 1917
n) Vancouver IMoiiij't/ Ouarter-of- ^
a-Million Dollar Building and
Home of me B.C.Federationi/tv
Upper left-hand corner: Interior view of Tho  Federatlonist offlce.        In the centre:   The Labor Temple, completed 1012, located at tho corner of Homer and Dunsmuir streeta.        Below:
Kour views uf the interior of the printing and publishing house of Cowan tt B rookhoill-  prlnti-m   lo  The   Federalloniit,
[Bj (Merge Btrtlsy]
J E ALL KNOW thc story of the children of
l TXT I Israel, who, when working for Pharoah (fore-
I " I  ed to work as most of us are), were driven to
strike, because they were expected to make
bricks without straw, an almost impossible
proceeding in a country where bricks were
   sun dried.
This is one of the earliest, but not tho earliest, accounts
of "labor troubles," for tiles and pottery have been unearthed, on which were scratched rude drawings of laborers being whipped to work by taskmasters; drawings by
cave men show that in tho stone age tho possessor of a
large amount of brute forco tried to "boss" the weaker
man, or woman, and publicity, of a sort, has synchronized
with the evolution of the story of "wago slavery."
Power of the Press
Thc printing press came, and was operated by wage-
earners.   Here they saw was indeed a power that could
make Labor articulate.  Until the press came, Libor had
been like—
An infant crying in the night,
An infant crying for the right,
And with no language but a cry I
Labor soon made its voice heard through thc press.
Ballads and broadsides were cast abroad; the verses of
Pier's Plowman, printed, reached farther and wider than
the screams of any wild Solomon eagle—and the press
made not only tho tyrant but the greedy capitalist employer feel very uncomfortable. Of courso, there was an
attempt to "put down" thc press when it advocated thc
claims of'' the masses." Of course, there was an attempt
to "gag" tho press when it "showed up" the sins and
thc frauds of thc classes.
Were Privileged
•"The proceedings of parliament were "privileged;" thc
people must not know what their representatives said or
how they voted, when once inside thc sacred house of commons. Brave old Dr. Johnson, brave Daniel Defoe and
scoros of other "immortals" defied fine and imprisonment
and at last Thomas Hood, Douglas Jcrrold, "Publicola"
Reynolds and others gained thc power to "speak out"
through a press, trammelled by taxes on paper, taxes on
advertisements, "taxes on knowledge," taxes which have
had to be bitterly fought—and the fight for a free press
still goes on.
A free press! There is no such thing. The publisher
cannot "show up" a firm which sweats its workers, because that firm's advertisements helps to keep the wheels
of the printing press running. The newspaper cannot expose railway frauds, because that railway owns "controlling stock" in the paper. That politician grafter cannot
have the limelight turned on him, because thc paper is
heavily in debt, trusts to the coming election and its success for a "party" for cash for present difficulties, and
future favors. But a free press is needed and thc only
hope is for workers to support their own paper. Every
city, town, every little hamlet has grievances to bc remedied, wrongs to be redressed, aspirations to be realized.
These must bc made known through a paper run by
workers for workers.
Sphere of the Labor Paper
There is no end to the good a Labor paper can do; it
can dispel thc ignorance which is the chief cause of the
worker's woes, the ignorance which Shakespeare said was
thc real—tho only "curse" of humanity. The time will
come when the newspaper press will bc represented by a
chair in the people's university. Meanwhile to ask the
worker to support his own paper—by subscribing for it,
advertising in it and buying off those who advertise in it
—to ask the workers tb do this is like recommending a
man to eat or sleep—it is necessary to your existence.
"Lots of liberty (?)"
The editor of a Labor paper—particularly in a new
country—where opinions of working people from all over
the world arc so divergent and widely different—is no
easy task. The "boss" of thc job nulst not only withstand thc attacks from without, but from within thc ranks
of Labor. Ho must combat the individual and sometimes
strange views and opinions of subscribers, from whom
lie not infrequently receives letters to slop Iheir subscriptions—sometimes in arrears—because such and such an
article or paragraph appeared in thc paper not according
to their liking. The editor of a Labor paper is expected
at all times to have "lots of liberty" ou tap for his critics
—hut not any for himself.
The Labor papers und those partial to thc workers' interests have all gone through the vicissitudes of pioneer
life, a very few having survived thc hardships of a herculean task almost unsurmountable in the field of radical
and progressive journalism. The story of the Labor press
of B. 0. in part follows. (Continued on page 10.) PAGE TEN
FRIDAY -... November 9, 1917
(Continued from Pago 3)
let the slogan be heard, "Down
with all profit wrung from the
toil and sweat and blood and
agony of slaves cither of industry or war." And in that issue
there is embodied all for .which
humanity has fought and suffered
in the past, and all that is worthy
of struggle and effort in the future. All for whioh the pioneers
of liberty have fought and her
martyrs have died, converges and
culminates in the world struggle
that now lies just before us. It
is thc battle of democracy against
autocracy; of liberty against
tyranny; of freedom against
slavery; of thc slave against his
master. It is tho last, the crowning struggle in the long-drawn-
out battle for thc right of man to
live in peace and security upon
thc fruits of his own labor. It
is the Revolution, to which all the
petty lavolts and rebellions of the
past have inevitably led. Its
triumph will herald the arrival of
MAN unto his kingdom.
Andiierein arc set forth, crudely, no doubt, some of the conceptions and ideas that inspire the
candidates of the B. C. Federation of Labor in the present and*
future campaigns. The spirit of
conquest that shall carry the banner of victory over thc battlements of the robber burgs (capitals) of the ruling class, that is
now staging the most convincing
justification of its capacity to rule
and to rob that eould be desired,
must bc furnished by the rank
and file of the great army of
labor. But that spirit can only
come from an understanding of
the ignominious position occupied
by thc slaves of modern industry
in present-day society, and the
courage of conviction to turn that
knowledge into persistent and intelligent revolt against the regime
that enslaves and degrades them.
A revolt will soon be due upon
this western continent. If taken
in time it may be that its purpose
will be accomplished by resort to no more murderous
weapons than those of human reason and human forethought. That revolt in Canada
at the coming eleetion might result in sending a number of warriors in freedom's cause into the
parliament at Ottawa, there to
batter at the bulwarks of class
rule and class robbery until reinforcements could arrive. But
if the constitutional opportunities
afforded to press forward the demands of democracy and progress
are not seized upon and profited
by, thc time will eome when resort to more deadly and destructive weapons will be made imperative. Every clean-thinking
and well-meaning person must
surely prefer that any great
change that has been made imperative, should be effected by
the exercise of reason and intelligent action through the duly-
created channels of administration, rather than that it should
come through violent whirlwinds
of passion, violence and perhaps
bloodshed and destruction. That
is why the B. C. Federation of
Labor urges upon its members
and all progressive and thoughtful people the necessity of rallying to thc support of a political
program that is in line with the
development of civilization in the
direction of a wider democracy
and a more assured freedom from
the curse of autocracy and its
brutal atrocities.
A stand against all that thc old
political parties of capitalism rep-
csent and for which they speak
and wage battle, is a stand
against human Blavery and the
train of misery that follows it in
time of peace and the trail of
blood that marks its path in times
when masters quarrel over the
spoils taken from their tortured
and plundered slaves.
If you are still politically with
your masters and' whole-heartedly
support their policies, you men of
labor, what justification have you
for belonging to a union and
making periodical kicks against
low wages and miserable working
conditions? Aro not these conditions a logical consequence of
those precious political and economic policies to which you have
given your hearty support! Why
kick? Are you what in racetrack
parlance would be termed a
If you are a wealth producer;
if you are a progressive member
of the community; if you are a
democrat or possess any conception of democracy worth
struggling for; if you have any
desire that those men of ours who
have died upon the battlefields
of Europe or who may return to
us maimed and broken for life,
shall not have suffered and died
in vain, but have returned to, or
are remembered! by a Canada no
less progressive and demoeratie
than the one they left; if you
would have those who may return
to us maimed and broken, spared
tke ignominy and the humiliation
of becoming recipients of cold
charity and even mayhap be
forced to peddle shoestrings upon
the streets in order to exist, you
will line up with us to see that
the grip of the callous profit-
grabbing interests is broken and
the rich plunder they seize upon
is turned to the use and comfort
of those to whom we are bound
by ties of a common bondage.
For surely, if you are any of
these, you can find no place for
your hopes in the political camp
of the brutal ruling class.
The terrific drive now being made by
the hungry mortgage loan companies
for foreclosure against delinquent creditors, is undoubtedly due to the happy
fact that with the activity in shipbuilding and other lines of war industry that
has sprung up here of late, some of the
old-time values are returning and the
appetites of loan sharks and mortgage
rogues are becoming keenly whetted in
consequence. The conscienceless rascals are not inclined to overlook an
opportunity to recover the financial
flesh they inadvertently lost during the
lean years just passed.
Thomas Biggs, president district 18, U. W.
W. of A., Fernie, B. C. nominee of the Independent Labor party for the federal riding
of East Kootenay, being me unanimous choice
of the special convention of organised labor
at Fernle, B. 0., Nov. 4, 1917. Representatives from the folowlng paces: Kimberley,
Moyle, Cranbrook, Fernie, Michel and Corbln were present, and the enthusiasm displayed by tho delegates harbors good for the
cause of Labor.
Mr, Biggs came to Fernle In 1003 from
Tredegar, Monmouthshire, his native place,
where he commenced lu work in the mines at
14 years of age; at which time he joined the
union, and In later years took an active part
In the business of the union ,and ever since
has been an active member.
Soon after arriving in this country, be was
appointed as seretary of the Gladstone local,
U. M. W. of A., and held this offlce for five
yenrs. He was the first full-time paid secretary in District 18; even before a full time
dlstriot secretary was appointed. The membership at this time was 350, and through
his perseverance and insistent work, soon
after raised to 1000 strong, which then became the strongest Individual local In tbe
whole of the U. M. W. of A.
He afterwards went to work as a miner
for a time, and was later appointed check-
weighman, which he held for two years. He
afterwards received the appointment of dis-
trlst vice-president, and later won out tn an
election for president, that was contested, but
won out again with a greatly increased majority ln the aecond election.  ,
A steady, persevering man, and well-liked
wherever he goes, a life-long abstainer and a
strong advocate in Labor's cause.    -
(Continued   from Page   9)
Cariboo looms large in the story of British Columbia's development and it waB early
tbe scene of Labor agitating.
The first and only paper printed In Carl-
boo, about I860, may be classed as a Labor
paper. Inasmuch as it championed the canse
of the minera.
It was issued by George Wallace and was
called The Sentinel.    Bobert Holloway was
To Whom It May Concern
The lying agencies of class rule are busily engaged in
spreading the report that all those who have neglected to comply with the registration requirements of the Military Service
Act, are disqualified and cannot vote at the forthcoming Dominion election. For the benefit of those who may have inad-
vertinently perhaps, neglected to register under the Military'
Service Act, The Federationist desires to state, that sueh neglect does not disqualify but CONVICTION FOK AN OFFENCE AGAINST THE ACT does. The following clause in
the War-Time Elections Act covers the point:
Fart in, Seo. 67, (i) Every person who has been CONVICTED of any offence against the ACT RESPECTING
MILITARY SERVICE, passed in the year 1917.
It may be readily seen from this that disqualification does
not result from neglect to comply with any of the provisions
of the Act respecting military service, but results from conviction for an "offence against the Act," which is quite a different thing. The Federationist cannot well imagine the purpose
lying behind the apparently deliberate falsehood that is being
so assiduously circulated by the kept agencies of capitalism,
whose professed mission in life is to disseminate the truth.
Let no negligent person be swindled out of his right to vote,
by any German-like attempts at scaremongering or "Prussian
frightfulness" yarns.
Let every voter lay for the precious "enumerator" in his
district and see that he is put upon the list. Let no scarehead
tales of disqualification swerve him from his purpose.
the only printer employed In Its production
and the paper was printed on a Washington
hand press. "Bob" Holloway travelled
overland, per prairie schooner, from Quebec
to Bsrkervllle. He was in 1862 president
of the Victoria Printers union. Many years
afterwards he became president of toe Victoria Typographical union, as well as of tbe
Vancouver branch. Charles Wilson, K. C,
now of Vancouver, furnished "copy" for
the Cariboo Sentinel, supporting the political demands and voicing the needs of the
Industrial Haws
The Industrial News of Victoria published
in 1884-18Hfi. It championed the cause of
Labor in a fi-arleBs and able manner, and
also gave a rational support to the budding
temperance movement of the day. The fore-
most issues with Labor at that time were
the Chinese question—the slogan being
total exclusion and the B. C. workmen's lien
law, which latter, was little better than a
farce. A successful agitation to enact legislation similar to the Oregon Lien law was
launched, culminating in the fact that N.
Bole, M. P. P., for New Westminster (afterwards judge) introduced a bill drafted on
theBe lines, to the legialsture of 1887. In
April, 1885, the United Brotherhood of Carpenters went on Btrike for the nine-hour day,
wblch wbb largely, a success, but trade conditions were such that several months later
the carpenters were again working ten hours
a day. The Knights of Labor had been organlted for a few yeara. In the provlnolal
general elections of 1880 they nominated
J. Cameron and John M, Duval as candidates
for tbe legislature for Victoria City. Tbe
party and its organ put up a strong and
spirited campaign to elect their men, but
nevertheless were unsuccessful. Mr. Duval
was editor of the Industrial News, which
ceased publication  the  following year,
B. 0. Workman
The next attempt at a Labor publication
made at Victoria was when the late Thos.
Twlgge in 1807-98 ran the British Columbia Workman, as an official organ of the
Victoria Trades and Labor Council. Tbls
paper was well edited and should have succeeded—but somehow It didn't. Most likely
It was "Island versus Mainland" politics
that was   the "bug-bear."
Bossland Daily World
The Rossland World was started as a
weekly paper about 1897. At that time a
great rush of prospecting miners was on to
tho Kootenays, British Columbia became
widely known as the country of mining
"wild cats" and strikes. The Rossland
World became the property of the Western
Federation of Miners and it championed
the cause of the miners who had struck
for an eight-hour day in metalliferous mines.
Tbo miners elocted enough members to the
legislature of 1899, pledged to support' an
eight-hour bill, to secure the passing of
feuch a piece of beneficial legislation. Among
those taking part in the strike whom Rossland Worid ably supported in those days
of turmoil and strife, were President James
Wilkes. T. Beamish, C. Foley, J. McLaren,
J. Baker, F. Woodslde and many others well
known to old-timers as men who "stuck
up" for the rights of Labor. The "World
was a strong supporter of Mr. Joseph Martin, then attorney-genera), for it was he who
introduced the eight-hour-day bill: It became
law during the regime of Premier Semlln.
After several years of a struggling existence
the Rossland World ceased to exist. Like
many other Labor papers, it died "from
lack  of  nourishment."
Sudan Paystreak
Win. McAdam. a western printer-journalist
of wide experience, wob editor and publisher
of The Paystreak (1808-1902). It espoused
tbe miners' cause in a most fearless and able
manner, and. on more than one occasion the
editor became a victim of the powers that be
fighting for the rights and privileges of a
thankless public.
Tha Ladge. Fernis
Along about 1902 Col. R. T. Lowery
established The Ledge4 at Fernle, B. 0.
He Issued It for a year or so and then it
was purchased by District No, 18 of the
United Mine Workers of America. From
that time the name was changed to The
District Ledger, and was then published In
the Interests of tbe members of that organisation. It was an eight-page weekly
newspaper. J. W. Bennet was editor. Tht
paper appeared regularly for many yeara,
ceasing publication—some two years ago,
after a straight financial loss of over $35,-
000, Here is a direct instance of a paper
Buffering a heavy financial loss through lack
of advertising patronage. If working men
wert patriotic enough, with tha right kind
of patriotism; If they had the prtper community spirit; If tbty had their own interests at heart, and aald what was rtally to
tbelr advantage tbey could bave built up,
In sueh a progressive district, a strong dally
paper devoted to the workers' interests.
Tbt Chestnut
The Chestnut cut a lively caper In Vancouver politics and was eageny grabbed up dur
ing the winter of 1887, appearing several
daya each week. Dr. (Bob) Matheson, now of
Kelowna, says it was "published by the will-
tor and edited by the publishers," and mado
itB appearance at the time the provincial
government suspended the city charter, owing to the Chinese riots, and put the burg
under charge of the provincial chief of
police and 40 special constables. Jack Sevy
was the man behind the Chestnut which
backed the citizens committee and the Knights
of Labor in their memorable anti-Chinese
campaign. It was printed in Munro Miller's offlce at Victoria, because of the "gumshoe" work of the specials around the
Vancouver printing offices, /
Otbtr Labor Papers in Vancouver
The Labor movement In Vancouver In
1891-2 was in a very healthy Btate—nearly
all the unions being 100 per cent, organised,
Everyone took a deep Interest ln tbe working class movoment. The building trades
had established firmly the nine-hour -day;
the plasterers got $5 for eight hours. Labor
decided to put candidates up for the municipal elections, and a spirit of optimism
prevailed, the combined membership of the
unions having passed tbe one thousand mark.
At the meeting of the TradeB and Labor
council held on September 29, 1892. Dan
O'Dwyer "brought up the subject of establishing a Labor paper." The result waa
that a committee was appointed to Interview
W. J. Trythall re publishing a proposed
Labor organ. The committee Included Oeo.
Pollay, Oeo. Leaner, W. T, dreen and Dan
O'Dwyer. Mr. Trythall agreed to print a
Labor paper, providing a guarantee was
made of 500 subscriptions at 12 eaoh. Geo.
Bartley was named as editor.
It may be stated that this agitation was
started because The Topograph, a Labor day
sounvenlr paper issued by the Typographical
union made, a "bit." Not many months
later the continent-wide depression commenced, during which time the historical
"Coxey's army" became organized. The
suggested paper did not materialize,
Tha Indtptndtnt
In the fall of 1999, a Labor paper proposition was mooted again. In January, 1900,
Oeo. Bartley was urged to start one. An
understanding was arrived at wltb tbe
Trades s*>d Labor council that he should
publish Ihe Independent. The first weekly
Labor paper In the interests of the manses,
published in Vancouver, was started ln
March, 1900, and ran for five years. It
was successful in championing the cause of
a number of candidates and several successful strikes, including the C. P. R. malnten-
ance-of-way and the Fraser river fishermen.
On both occasions thousands of men were
Tba Monitor
In 1893, R. G. Gallagher, formerly manager of the defunct Morning Telegram,
started The Monitor, a woekly newspaper.
This was tho flrst paper in Vancouver to
publish a Labor page. Tho venture only
lasted a few  months.
People's' Journal
The People's Journal of Vancouver was
published for four months in 1898 as tht
organ of the new independent party of tbe
lower mainland of British Columbia, and waa
a strong supporter of the local Trades and
Labor council. The peoplt of tht mainland
wanted the then-proposed new parliament
buildings to be located at Kamloops ("Inland Capital City") while those on Vancouver island, of course, wanted the capital
1 'anchored'' at Victoria. The political
campaign which followed was a bitter one
—a movement being started at ont time to
separate the mainland from the Island. Geo.
Leaper was manager; John M. Duval, editor
and W. J. Trythall, printer; W. A. Calhoun
and Fred. Waterman, ex-preildents of No.
226, were members of the staff. This venture was backed by Major-general Twlgge
and J. B. Kerr.
Tht Budgtt
In 1895, Tbt Budget, a radical weekly,
was published for atveral months. This
vtnturt, in conectlon with a job printing
business, was optrattd by Baillie, Wilton «
Hawson. Wm. Ballile wu an old-tlmt journalist; W. M. Wilson, an experienced printer and member of Typo, anion, No. 236.
Thos. A. Lawson, an accountant and member of the Vancouvtr local of Eugent V.
Debs' American Railway union, waa pat up
by tbt labor party aa ita candldatt for nomination at the convatlon wvich stltcttd Om.
R. Maxwell as its standard atarar In 1898
In opposition tt tbt party ltd Sir Charles
Tupper.    Maxwell, after a spirited contest,
won the election.
Socialitt Papar
About 1901-2 the socialists of Vancouver
began to "get busy" and organised a
party. Already they were quite strong on
"tbe Island" and in the upper country. At
Nanaimo, Tbe Clarion, an advanced Labor-
Sooialist organ, edited by Harry Buckle,
Buckle, an advanced Labor-Socialist organ,
was published in tbe Interests of the work-
era of the Black Diamond City. Meantime, G. W. Wrlgley, editor of Citlsen and
Country, Toronto, and R, P. Pettlplece of
Vancouver jointly launched the Canadian
Socialist. In 1901, this paper built .up a
strong circulation; it absorbed the Nanaimo
Clarion and afterwards became the Western Clarion. For a few years It remained
in tbe bands of Wrlgley and Pettipiece.
Subsequent editors were G. Dales, from Winnipeg, and E. T. Kingsley. The Western
Clarion still appears every now and then aa
near monthly as may  be.
Tradaa Unionist
A few months subsequent to the Independent, Sam Gothard published the Tradea
Unionist, a monthly labor journal which was
endorsed as the official organ of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council. A committee
of the central body prepared the "copy" to
be published.
Tba Wage-Earntr
After some three years or ao, the
council deolded to publish an organ of Ita
own, and consequently issued Tht Wage-
Earner, a monthly publication in a sixteen-
page, three-column form. Thus Wage-Earner,
a monthly, was launched on the great sea
of journalism as tht official journal of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor council. J.
H. MoVety was appointed editor. Tbe Wage-
Earner was printed by E. T, Kingsley. After
tht placa of publication had bttn moved
to the new Labor Templt, a reorganisation
of tbt venture took plact and It ceased to
exist, In 1911.
The Brltlih Columbia Federationlit became the immediate successor the The Wage-
Earner In November, 1911, It was a bimonthly. On June 8, 1912, Tbe Federationist became a weekly, with J. W. Wilkinson as editor and R. P. Pettipiece as manager.
Tht Ftdtrationlit
The B. C. Federationist Is today the
largest weekly Labor paper on this continent.
It has fought its way to the front line .of
working class journal! through sheer grit
and perseverance. In spite of bitter opposition and criticism from "friends"—save the
mark—and enemies alike, it has so far
weathered the storm ot hard times and other
conditions incidental to the great war: A
Labor paper In order to be a success cannot
depend on union bonus—especially In hard
times—to help it through a tight place, but
must go Into the world of business, and
there meet Its' competitors in an already
overcrowded field for patronage and sell its
space to advertisers at a legitimate rate in
order to pay its way. The price of printing nowadays Ib high. Tho federatlonist
staff Is made up of workmen of the most
skilled trades, and naturally must be paid
decent wages—and promptly. The returns
for the large amount of monoy and labor
put Into a printing equipment is by no means
commensurate with the outlay. It Is quito
unnecessary to advise wage-workers not to
give financial support to Lahor papers that
cannot live on their own legitimate income
from subscriptions and advertisements. But
those responsible for getting out a Labor
paper regularly every week have a right to
expect that tht least readers might do is
to pay their subscriptions promptly.
The B. C. Federationist has so far to
receive Its flrst bonus from organised Labor;
and notwithstanding this faot, Its financial
standing Is in first-class shape. Last year's
statement of accounts shows an operating
proflt for tbe year of 9*02.97, whioh, taking
into account financial conditions, was a very
good showing Indeed—the revenue being
—from all sources—$10,711.05 and expenses,
The British Columbia Federatlonltt Is a
limited liability company, with authorised
capital of 20,000 shares of $1 each, equal
to $20,000. Of this account 10,010 shares
have been alloted, to wit: 6006 to tht B. C.
Federation of Labor, 6000 to tht Vancouver
Trades and Labor council and ont each to
he original board of directors, namely:
James Campbell (chairman), J. H. McVety
(leoretary-treaiurer>, R. P, Pettlplece (managing dlrtctor), J. Naylor (preildent B. C.
Jr. of L.), and A. S. Wells (ateretary-treis-
urtr B. 0. F. tf L.).
It' Is fortunate for Tht Ftdtratltnist to
bout of its business and tdltorial staffs. R.
Parm. Ptttlplttt, managlag aditor, himself
a western  newspaperman    of    over twtaty
Eiara' txptrlonct, it ably assisted by Bavid
oyd,  advertising managtr, and W. Buan,
with E. T. Kingsley as atioclata tdlttr.
Opening" Announcement
(\ N FRIDAY MORNING we throw open our doors to the general public with the finest stock of Canadian and American
^"' clothing and Men's Furnishings ever shown in this province. Our store is situated in the very heart of the theatrical district, and we think that it is the finest and most beautiful lighted store in Canada. We solicit your patronage, not only on the
ground that this is a Union Store, but that our values cannot be beaten.
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S SUITS that you'll like at the price you want to pay
Prices $15, $18, $20, $25, $30
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S OVERCOATS-All that is new and up-to-date.  Sizes 32 to 44
Prices $12.50, $15, $18, $20, $25, $30
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN RAINCOATS-Both in tweed and gaberdine.  All sizes
Prices $10, $12.50, $15, $20, $25
HATS—All the gsod makes.   Prices, $3.00, $4.00 and $5.00. UNDERWEAR in all the best makes, all prices
OX*      VV  CfO  1 THEATRE
THEATRE      Ol<     W Ud  1 matma—am
...November 9, 1917
Better Grade Cretonnes and
Other Printed Fabrics
A very strong feature line with us tkis season are these high-
grade fabrics. The designs and color combinations are positively unique and lend an air of exclusiveness to them that no
other goods W9 know of at anything approaching this price
can compare. In your draperies and slip covers they carrv a
weight that is put right to give that perfect hanging effect.
See these; they are worth while; 36 in. wide at, yd $1.25
Window Shades to Order
■ _
We make shades to order in our up-to-date work-rooms that
will give you satisfaction, and that carry the H. B. guarantee
of quality. A phone call will bring an experienced workman
to take your measurements and submit samples and prices—
this servioe costs you nothing. Remember, we use only the
finest grade shade cloths and rollers.
M^h^Budson'sBauCompan]). jut
\__.*   _J mwwwi   iota       ■■■>"■ saa_,e ataaat aattmamaaa* ( ^^  I
Granville and Georgia Streets
J. Hanbury & Co.
Fourth Avenue and Granville Street
Bayview 1076 Bayview 1077
Clubb & Stewart Limited
\ _. ,	
ION'S 8U1TS uid OVERCOATS from $15.00 to $35.00.
WORKING SHIRTS, in dark colors, cotton or .wool.
CARHARTT OVERALLS, in blue, blaok or stripe.
MA0KINAW8, in plain colors and checks.
The Sign
Of Quality
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Demand the Best
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
AU the aWve bruli «n Ipewed and bqttUd by anion workmen.
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Do yon like to travel in a "Rickety" Jitney?
Ton etitaudr do act. Aas neither doei
baby, wllhhll (nil little bonee .ud loft
tender body, Ilk. travelling daily In MM*
Mle baby ear. Bebv need! the very belt
oor ion ou buy tor bta—o nle, oleaa ond
unitary oor tbot will ran cully ond tire
comfort ond wit—o eir tbot ii new ond free
from termi—* cor tbot will be beoelelol to
Sim—not a dealer.
Tbo eon wo oeU oro oil life, reliable cere
tbot wo fully auarenteo for durability ond
wortanomblp.   Then or» oor BnilUb ityle
con. nodo fa onr eat factory
by Vancouver pooplo—eorti $10 *7B
tbot nil from!™.!— .#*■». *»
Wo boro loldint p-0Bto_»d ealMei*
olio Ot reoionoble prion. Write for oor
illnltroted eatalofae.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(«. I. SHAW t OO.)
mi KOBioir - op*, com nam
Nations Have Same Traits
and Peculiarities As
[By W. FranciB Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Sept. 24.—Special
to The Federationist.)—The desire
to livo at peace might be said to be
universal among civilized nations, except where the result of previous war
has left the conquered with a desire for
revenge upon their conquerors, the only
means to which would be a successful
war; except also, perhaps, whoro a subject race suffers under a sense of intolerable oppression at the hands of alien
No nation in history has ever desired
war for its own sake, but only as the
means of realizing national or dynastic
aspirations. Most intelligent humans
will readily admit that Voltaire was
right when he wrote "All the vices
and1 misery of all tho ages of peace
could not equal thoso of a single campaign."
A Neceatary Evil
It is a wonderful anomaly, then, that
in spite of a universal preference for
peace, war engineered by certain poll
tical leaders of one or more nutans is
foisted upon their followers, and eventually becomes for them n .sort of necessary ovil. Generally spanking, the analogy between the individual and tho
group of individuals that comprises a
nation is complete. In othor words, the
nation, exhibits in a composite form all
the virtues, vices and peculiarities of
thoso individuals comprising it. This
phenomenon, however, becomes modified
from the international political standpoint when a very small soction within
a nation has the arbitrary power to
dictate the foreign policy of thnt nation so controlled exhibits to others a
composite picture of the peculiarities,
not of all the individuals comprising it,
but rather that of those individuals
forming the controlling section. It is
most important to remember this point
when analysing the racial prejudices
that certainly are an important factor
contributing to the general causes of
war. As a rule, we find that those nations have most recourse to war (1)
who have alien territory and subject
races in their control as a legacy from
previous wars, (2) who have despotic
and ambitious government, (3) whoso
economic expansion, coupled with rapid
increase of population, demands new
economic spheres of influence at the expense of weak neighbors.
Logically then, wars can only cease:
(1) when subject races are emancipated
from their alien rulers, (2) when the
power to wage war ceases to remain in
the hands of the privileged few whose
only right to is often lies in an accident of birth, (3) when economic competition between nations Is less acute.
Heal Democracy the .Remedy
The obvious remedy* will be the real
democratization of all civilized nations,
not a mere change of one group of privileged persons in control for another
under a different name, but a change
that will allow the universal detestation of war to find political expression,
This must be followed by tbe creation
of means to restrain any nation or
group of nations from making war upon
their neighbors, which means would
take tho form of compulsory arbitration, backed up by international force
until peace becomes tho international
habit. Incidentally, secret diplomacy
would have to give place to publicity,
The failure of the Hague tribunal, together with the teaching of history,
might be fairly adduced to show the
utter hopelessness of our ideal. But the
former was after all only an attempt to
humanize war and prescribe its limits,
while, never in history, has there ever
been an international attempt to end
war. How then shall it be accomplished f ,
International Action
Here wo find a promise of solution in
the analogy between the nation and the
individual. In a civilized community
thero is a certain standard of conduct
laid down by the governing body, and
supported by public, opinion, as obligatory upon all individuals for the common protection of all and the preservation of peace and order. Laws are
promulgated and enforced by the police
department with moro or loss success,
in order to prevont any one individual
from injuring tho legitimate interests of
his fellows within the state, This principle could only be applied internationally if a great majority of the powerful
nations agreed to submit international
deputes to a central authority representative of each. All nations would
eventually have to agree to disarm.
The greatest menace to international
peaco lies in great armaments, which
foster a constant desire on the part of
the more aggressive powers to put their
might to, the supreme test of war. Drastic limitations of armaments and the
submission of nil nations to a central
authority would abolish war, except on
a very small scale and limited ns to locality. In that case tho central authority would tako steps to quoll tho disorder, much as the civ., power does In
the caso of individuals within the state.
Peace by Authority
Even without disarmament, the creation of a central authority would vastly diminish the possibility of war, and
disarmament would then follow as a
matter of coarse, especially if munition
making were taken out of the control
of privato interests. It may be contended that a central authority would
nevor be acknowledged by the various
nations on account of racial prejudices,
divergence of interests, geographical
and political boundaries, and different
standards of living,- or what Ib called
"Kultur." As an nnswer it may be
pointed out that the U.S.A. is, for purposo of illustration, a numbor of states
having complete autonomy locally, bnt
bowing to the central authority willingly as to their relations with' other
states within the fedoration. The differences betwoon tho American states
aro not so great as thoso existing between the different civilized nations.
Still, with over 100,000,000 people of
all creeds, colors and races, the U.S.A.
justifies our ideal and suggests the
solution of a problem which has apparently never been seriously considered
possible or even desirous of solution.
The problem of international peaee ii
then the problem of the international
fint and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, Jas. H. McVety; vice-
president , J. Hubble! general secretary,
Victor R. Midgley; treasurer, Fred Knowles;
Borgeant-at-arms, ■ Oeo. Harrison; trustees,
J. H. MeVety, . Q. 3. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J. Crawford, i
Meets seeond Monday in tho month. President,  Oeo. Bartley;  secretary, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
flrst Sunday of eaoh month, Labor Temple.
Preaident, John Marti*; financial seeretary.
J. Smith, 610 Holden Bldg., Box 424, Phone
Sey. 2572; recording aeoretary, Wm. MotUshaw, P.O. Box 424. Vancouver, B. O.
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 130—
Meets second and fonrth Tuesdays In the
montb, Room 206, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt) aecreUry, S. H. Orant, 1671
Alberni Btreet.
Meets second and fourth Wednesdaya, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
68; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes.
—Meets ia Boom 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording
secretary, Jobs Murdock, Labor Temple;
financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 3852—Office and hall, 804
Pender street east. MeeU every Thursday,
8 p.m. Seoretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I. L. A., LOCAL 38-52, AUXILIARY-"
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headiuirters, 486 Htwe street.
Meets first and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Aeoretary and business agent, E. Winch.
■nd fourth Thursdaya at 8 p.m. President,
Wm. Small; reeordlng aecreUry, J. Braoka;
financial aeeretary, J. H. McVety, Room 211
Labor Temple.   Seymanr 74B6.
tors' Union, Lecat 848, I. A, T. 8, E.
A if. P. M. O.—Meets flrst Sanday of each
month, Ream 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
flnanclal and,corresponding aecreUry, O. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 846.
No. 617—MeeU every aecond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley; flnanclal seeretary,
O, Thom; recording aeeretary, G. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 7496.
U. B. W. of A.—MeeU flrst and third
Wednesdays of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Preaident, F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vanconver Lodge No. 104—MeeU
every Monday, 8 n.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Seeond atreet; secretary-treaaurer,
Angna Fraaer, 1151 Howe street; business
agent, J. H. Carmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
agent. ,
Operating Engineers, Local No. 820—
MeeU every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D. Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; seoretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Boom 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7405. 	
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meeU eecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, Bay
MeDougall, 1928 .Grant atreet; financial secretary, J. Lyons, 1648 Venables street;
reeordlng aeoretary, E. Westmoreland, 8347
Point Grey road.   Phone Bayvlew 8979L.
America, Lbcal No. 178—Meetinga held
first Monday In each month, 6 p.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; vlce-preeidant, W.
Larson; recording aeeretary, W. W. Hoeken,
Box 608; financial seoretary, T, Wood, P.O.
Box 608.
fears' Union, Local No. 666—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. , Praaldant, J. H.
MeVety; business agent, J. '• Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenne eut, Vhone Fair. 716B;
financial aecreury, Bert Sliowler, 1076 Bab-
son street. Phone Say. 6679. 0«ee, Room
306 Hi Ubor Temple.
MeeU laat Sanday af eaeh month at 3
p.m.. Preaident. W. S. Armstrong; vice-
aidant, R. G. Marshall; secreUrytreasurer,
H. Neelands, P.O. Bex 66.
No. 188—Meet, leeond mi fourth Thnn*
din of e.ch month, Room 808, Laber
Tempi'* Preeldent. H. Pink; vlcapreeideat,
D. Hugh.1* finincUl eecretiry, 0. H, Wilton; reeordlnc lecretirjr, D. Lemon, Boom
80S, Libor Temple. ■
-Meet. In Libor Temple ..err flnt ud
third Tueadayl, 8:18 p.m. Preeldent, Chu.
D. Brno., 1083 MoLean drive; aeeretary*
treieurer, Arehlbild P. Slen, 1073 HoItUIi
itreet.   Phon. Ser* 68UB,	
* —Meeti leeond nnd fenrth Fridaya at eaeh
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Preeldent, 0.
Soema; reeordlnc aeeretary; W. Hud,, 445
Tvynty-tlilrd itnet weit, North Vancouver;
flnaaolal lient.tr, S. Phllpi. '
Piolflc—Meeti every Tueiday, 7 p.m., at
487 Oor. avenne.   Ruaeell Kearley, bmlnesi
Sloyeee, Pioneer Dlrlilon, No. 101—MeeU
or Temple, leeond ana fourth Wednoi*
dayi at 8 p.m. Preildent, J, Babble; vlee-
preildent. E. 8. Cle.el.nd; reeordlnc aeeretary ,A. T. Loftlnc, 2581 Trinity Unit,
Phono Hlch. 16BR; flnanolal leeretary and
bmlneu acent, Fnd. A. Hoover, 9409 dark
drlre, onto, corner Prior aad Main Itnita.
COAL mlnlnc rlfhta of lh> Dominion, In
Manitoba, Baakatobowan and Alberta, th.
Yukon Tirritotlt th. North-Wilt Terrltorlel
and In a portion oi tha Provinoe of Brltlih
Colombia, may ba liaiid for • torn of
Iwentyoa. yeara nniwal for a forthir Una
of 91 yeara at aa annual natal of ll aa
aen. Sot men tban 9,880 aena will b.
leued to oaa applicant. t
Appllcatioa for a law. mail be mado by
tha applicant la' perooa to thi Ageat or Sab-
Agent of tha diitriol ia whloh tho ricbla applied for an ilteated.
Za iarv»yld territory th. land moot ba doe*
cribed by notion!, or local lub*diTlalona of
notion., and la nmunr.y.d territory tha
tract applied for ahall bi itakid out by tho
applicant hlmaolf.
Eaeh appllcatioa malt be aeeoapaaled by
a fH of (5 which will ba nfandod If the
righto applied for an not available, bat aot
otherwiio. A nyalty ihall ba said oa lha
merohaatable oatpal of tho mine at lha nte
of Ave nata por ton.
Tha' peraoa opentlnc tho mine ihall far-
alih tha Aceat with awora ntaraa aeoeuatlnc
for Ih. full quantity of merehaatablo coal
mlaod aad pay tha nyalty thanoa It lha
coal mlalac rlghu an aot beinc opontod,
each lateral ihould h. furnlihcd al liait
oae. a yoar.
Tha leaae wlU iaeiada th. cal mlnlnc
rlchta only, naoladcd by Chap. 97 ot 46
Oeorce T. uiented to 12th Jan., 1914.
For full information applloatloa ekoeld bo
made to the Soontary of th. Dipartauat ol
the Interior, Ottawa, or to aay Aceat or Sab*
Acoat of Domlaloa Land..
W. W. COM,
Deputy MlaliUr of Interior.
N. B.—Umathortud pablleatloa of thU
edv.rtli.Bunt will aot bo paid for.—98676.
la annuel convcatloa la January., Eaoca-
live oBcere, 1917-18: Preeldent, J. Neylar.
Box 415, Cumberland; vlce-proaldeala—Yaa-
couver: Ju. H. MoVety, V. B. Midday.
Labor Temple.. Vietoria: J. Taylor, lh»
1815. Vancouver leland: W. Beed, loath
Wellington. Prince Rupert: W. E. Thoau.
•on, Boa 694. New Wntmlaiur: W. TaWa,
008 London etreet. KooUaay Dlitrlet: A.
Goodwta, Boa 36, Trail, Orowi Seal Valley: W. B. Phillip., 176 MePhereoa evaaao.
Seeretary-treaeuwr: A. B. Wall., Bea 1639,
Victoria, B. 0.
CouncU—MeeU ant aad third Wedaoe-
dayi, Labor Rail 1494 Oovirnaiat etna),
at 9 p.m. Pneid.nL a. ChrUtopher, Baa
887; viecpreeldeat, OhrUllaa Slvirti, 1979
iOmSi .•{7,,C***!?,-*"F* B- Slmawaa, lea
809, Vlotoria, B. 0,
ww wiimniflUR, a. o.
of America, Local 764, New Wwtaiaatar.
Miau neoad Saaday of oaoh moath al 1:10
p.m.   Saentary, F. W. Jameioa, Bea «N.
Council—MeeU locoed aad foarth Tue.-
t3-\a^.ml*-m_u\ ta. Cunattu' tta.
Praaldant, 8. D. Maedoaald; aaenlary. 1. 1.
Aadoraoa. Boa 976, Prince Bapatt, t. 0
T. L
LOCAL UNION, RO. 979, U. U. W. of A.—
Meeu aaaaad'aad foarth tender, of each,
 TRAIL, B. 0.
Jalaora, Local No. 986-MeoU la MW
Hall, every Wedaoaday,  7:90 p.m.    Pnal-
Boa a, Tnll, B. 0.
*5S4?"5",*t*»<1«w 0HW,XS
The Gift of Freedom is bought
with Blood, but Money will help
preserve it.
Let this great truth burn itself into your soul—the Gift ol
Freedom cannot be bought with money, but money will
help to preserve it. >
From the four corners of the earth those who lore
Freedom have united to defend it from enslavement by
Millions of free men have already sacrificed their lives on
Freedom's altar.
Still other millions stand ready to make the supreme
Noble women have sent loved ones to Freedom's service
with an anguish harder to bear than death.
Still other millions have yielded their entire resources in
service or in money to the need of their countries.
Canada proudly claims her full share of these noble souls.
And now, for their sakes, asks her citizens (men and women) to support with money Canada's part in the mighty
efforts of the free peoples of the earth to save themselves
from the ghastly crucible into which the Hun would
pour and then remould mankind.
To prevent this, brave men are giving their lives. Will
you hesitate to lend your money?
Canada must raise more money in order to continue to
play her great part in the prosecution of the war.
This money must come from the people of Canada. Outside financial markets are closed and it is in the interests
of Canada that as much as possible of our war indebtedness should be held within the Dominion and interest
upon it paid to our own people.
The money is here. The only question is, will Canadians,
now that they know the need, respond magnificently to
this appeal?   They will!
Get Ready to Buy in November
Canada's Victory Bonds
Issued by Canada's Victor* Loan Committee
in co-operation with the Minister of Finance*
of thc Dominion of Canada, PAGE TWELVE
...November 9, 1917
Men's Clothes
Manly, shape-retaining garments are always appreciated by
the real man; such clothes are
You want a suit or overcoat at $25.00, Or perhaps are
willing to pay more.
Regardless of price, you arc assured satisfaction. If the F.
C. label is on the garment, that is their guarantee to the purchaser.
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
Isn't it better to visit a dentist now?
—than to wait until you arc forced to?
,T.f you hnve defective teeth, you'll huv*e to go to the dentist some
dr.y—that's certain.
Isn 't it better to go while slight attention will remedy the difficulty thim to sufl'er acute pain endure the ngony of a swollon face,
etc.—and then lenrn the tooth must come out?
Just think this over, then come to see me.    It will pny you.
I.Ray films ukla if usees*
aery; 10-yaar guarantees
Examinations   made    oa
phono appolntmiatl.
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown ud Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Btreet Weat, Oor. Seymour
Open Tuesdays and Fridays until 8 p.m.
Special Offering of Blouses
This is a new shipment of heavy white Habutai Silk Blouses.
They come with deep hemstitched collar and two styles of
cuffs, the deep and the narrow, both turned over. They are
finished with pearl buttons, large or small, according to your
preference. These are really attractive blouses and are good
value at the regular price of $3.75 each. an QQ
Special at ^U.OO
SABA BROS., Limited
Liter Temple Press    Say. <MH
Opposite Labor Ttmpl*
-Hetdqmrten for Labor Men—
■—76o and fl.OQ per day.
$2.5o per week and ap.
Cart at BMionalM Batai
"Sold Only In  Sealed Tins"
PUT a tin of NABOB
Vacuum Packed
Coffee in your soldier's
hamper. It is the best
at any price.
Kelly, Doutlai 4 Co., Ltd.
Vancouver, B. 0.
The Wage-worker
to sit down to a meal in which bread made from
plays an important part   Hot Biscuits or Buns
mayhap may grace the table—a product, too, of
And the dessert which
follows—be it a pie, a
cake or a pudding, then
Pastry Flour
has been responsible for
its success. Get these
famous flours from
your grocer. < Note the
trade-mark—the "Circle V" on the sacks.
Caustic Comment Aimed at
Financial Policy of
Union Officers
Disapproval of  Extension
of Craft Union Idea
to Coal Field
[By Walter Head]
—Local 872, U. M. W. of A., met In regular Besaion Sunday, when the faithful few
were in attendance, the men who have
been doing bo muoh kicking about the
check-welghman's high wageti being conspicuous by their abBence after having
been given a Bpecial invitation to be
present. The queatlon of reducing the
check-welghman's wages was again laid
over, and it waB decided to let the grouch
peddlurs growl until they develop sufflclent courage to come up to the meeting
and kick.
During the meeting an appeal was received from a member of the organization in Illinois, owing to a mine accident.
He is a helpless cripple, without support
and Is appealing through his local union
to all locals of the U. M. W. of A. It
seems hard that a derelict of the industrial army should have to ask for charity
especially when we know that our International ollicers are investing thousands
of dollars of the organization's money lu
Liberty Bonds, the purpose of which Is
to carry on the delightful process of
maiming and killing thousands of useful
tollers. It seems that the money invested in Liberty bonds could be better used
to say the leaBt, when members of tbe
organization are forced to asR " '
We don't mean to Buggest that the
funds of the organization could begin to
take care of the thousands of men .vho
are maimed in the industry, but we
would most respectfully suggest tbat
there are thousands of better purposes
for which the funds could be used. For
instance: carry on a campaign for the
placing of an efficient Workman's Compensation act on the statute books of the
state of Illinois, in order that workmen
injured ln the course of the occupation
would be saved the humiliation of appealing to the charitably Inclined for
their daily bread.
Of course we realize that fighting
along those lines would not bring them
so much fame and glory ahd eulogies
from the guttersnipe press as they are
getting for buying Liberty bonds and
generally laying down at the feet of the
American kaisers. We have again the
state organization, Illinois dlBtrlct of the
U. M W. of A., of whose riches we have
so often been told in the past. With all
their boasted riches, It Ib plainly to be
seen that they haven't been able to procure the enactment of legislation that
would take care of Industrial cripples,
hut allow them to be taken care of by
charity. A bird in the hand may be
worth two in the bush, but a million
dollars in Liberty bonds or in a district
treasury Isn't worth one doing useful
service. We will, undoubtedly, receive
many calls of a like nature In the near
future when members of our organisation come back crippled from the murder
fest in Europe.
This talk of a grateful country Is all
bunk, for it Is not bo long ago that a
South African veteran starved to death
In Toronto. When we are faced with
calls of this nature, what will be the
position of our International then, with
Ub Liberty bonds, etc.?
One Ib reminded very forcibly of the
charitable organizations In thiB country.
At one time we are asked to subscribe for
a machine gun to kill and malm human
beings, at another time to give to a Red
CrosB fund to bandage them up, and then
again we are asked to dig down and help
the dependanta of the victims of machine
guns. It seems as if machine guns and
Liberty bonds are very good things to
keep away from. The appeal from this
brother caused quite a discussion, and, ln
view of the many calls we have had on
our treasury in the past, and the expected calls in the future, It was thought
that JU) was as much as we could afford
to give. At that. If every local and district of the U. M. W. of A. gives in proportion, our afflicted brother will get a
substantial boost along the road.
Campaign Committte.
The report of the delegate to the
nominating convention was received and
ways and means of carrying on the campaign were discussed. A campaign committee of three volunteered their services to assist your humble servant. They
are, James Bateman, Thos. Westwell and
Win. MacDonald. The local volunteered
the services of |50 to the campaign fund
and we hope to arrange for a series of
meetings In the near future.
It Is to be hoped that a political campaign will liven up the wage-workers of
this end of the constituency, although at
times one Is forced to think that an
earthquake Ib necessary. However, time
will tell. Many men take the position
of ceasing to care because the Military
Service Act does not immediately affect
them. Others think that men will not
be drafted wholesale from the coal mines.
They think that because the present net
only alms to get 100,000 men they are
safe. But let them be assured that once
the powers that be have Instituted
military system, neither of the two mentioned classes will be safe, for the Canadian junkers will not stop at 100,000 men,
neither will they allow the exempted individuals rest. They will be conscripted
on the Job bo they had better not let
themselves be kept asleep, for once they
give the Borden bunch the power lt will
be a case of putting a beggar on horseback, so it is up to the men of Nanalmo
to wake up,
A matter that has been brought to our
notice recently calls for a little comment. The International Union of Steam
& Operating Engineers of Victoria have
taken upon themselves Jurisdiction over
this part of the world. If they can
enroll some of the engineers of Nanalmo
more power to their elbow, although I
miiHt Bay they are not particular about
the company they keep, for Nanaimo has
a great crop of Scissor Bill engineers.
"Aristocrats of Labor, don't cher know."
The writer was u member of Vancouver
local .197 previous to the last strike, but
was placed on the relief of the U. M. W,
of A. and that Is precisely what would
take place ln the future if we should be
so unfortunate as to be tangled up In a
strike, ln this camp we have a local of
the U. M, W. of A., which organization
Ib founded on un industrial union basis,
taking In all workers in and around tbe
mines, and we have seen members quitting to Join the Engineers union when
about the only function that union can
perform for the engineer round the mine
is to collect dues. Take for Instance the
possibility of the Englneera standing out
for moro wages, the miners have got to
help them, and as mentioned before, In
the caso of a strike ln the industry, '.he
mine workers' organization Is called upon
to pay relief to striking Engineers.
No! my friends and brothers, the attempt to start a craft union pure and
simple around the coal mines is a reactionary move, for the next thing wc
know, Instead of having one Industrial
union In South Wellington for Instance,
Wa will have an Engineers union with
about 13 memben il Blacksmith's union
with about -I members; an Electricians
union with 'i members, A Curpenters'
union with 6 or fi members; a Drivers'
union; a Coal Miners' union; a General
Laborers' union, and a few more, and
then some. Brother Engineer If you
want to help In organizing lu this neck
of tbe woods, got the engineers by all
meana and then wben you have got them,-
tell them to get out and boost for tlie
union of their Industry. Of course It
would be a different matter if there waa
no other organization in the field. Then I
would say go ahead and would mo abend
and give It a boost, but will say for the
present, keep away from South Welling-
Dainty New
For Dance Wear and Other
Social Functions
THE latest models to arrive are particularly attractive, and from thc
standpoint of value are
specially interesting. All
of these are typical of
what evening dresses
should be-*-beautiful in
fabric,   style  and   color.
Tho showing embraces
satins, crepe de chines,
nets and combinations of
delicately-tinted fabrics.
Note the following:
Dress of cream Crepe de Chine
with side draping and with trim*
ming of flne net lace—832.50
Dross of Badium Ivory Silk, with
overdress of tulle, in turquoise
blue and cream—$45.00
White Qeorgetto Crepe Dress,
with tunie of metallic lace and
girdle of taffeta silk—$47.50
Other effective models at S2S
to 875.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Trade* and Labor Council.
I November 11, 1892]
Win. Towler took seat u Bricklayers'
delegate,  vtco W. Cannlchael, resigned.
Rev. Jos. Waldrop, Portland, wrote ,hln
readiness to deliver lectures on the Labor
question In B,  C.
Trades and Labor council wanted city as-
lienor's list to be published in thu daily
Hare Confidence ln Vancouvtr
The numerous enquiries which are being
received by Messrs. Lennlo & Co., auctioneers, at 331 Pender street west, who
are conducting the auction sale of forty
choice lots in the Kitsilano district, on Saturday, How 10, are indicative of the return
of a live interest in loeat renl estate. The
indefeasible titles guaranteed the purchaser
—as advertised elsewhere In The Federatlonist—will make block aa, D.L. 192, particularly attractive. ***
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Meets
at K. of P, hall, North Park street, on
tho second and fourth Thursdays nf each
month. President. K. Orr; Hi-cMary, W. II
K. Bryan, 2642 Scott street. Victoria, B, O.   I
A numbor of new members wero added to the Steam and Operating Engineers' local at the first of the organization meetings held Sunday night
in the Labor Templo. These meetings
will be held the first Sunday in every
month all during the winter months.
The Engineers hope to be in a very
'strong position by spring and will then
submit demands for better conditions.
Work Shirts
Extra Good Quality
Union-made, in dark oxford and
lighter military flannel, with
both high nnd low collars attached; all sisws, at.. $3,00
With collars attached, in both
tho light and dark shades of
groy, »t   $2.25
A few dozen only, H.B.K. mnke;
at   $3.00
Wear like iron and keep you dry
—a few only at the old price
of   $4.00
Big, strong Shirt, collar attached
—at tho old price of.. $1.25
BLAOK SATEEN in a variety
of weights, at fl, $1*26, $1.60
and   tl.76
collnrs attached, in a variety
of materials and colorings.
Prices  '. fl to »2
DBESS SHIBTS, in groat variety, ranging from the line at
f 1 to the puro nil-silk at f5.
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Look for the Big Bed Anew Sign
■    at
Also 614-616 Yates St., Victoria
The Issues of the Hour Set
Forth in Terms Both
Terse and Clear
Clarion Call From Victoria
B. C. F. of L. Campaign
[By B. C. F. of L. Victoria Campaign
AT NO TIME in human history
was thc social horizon so replete with signs of such ominous
significance as noV.
A world holocaust of death and
devastation is upon us.
Blind prejudice and base passions are worked upon to urge us
to frenzied deeds of reckless fury
and senseless slaughter.
Our politicians prate about heroic deeds and noble sacrifices,
but do nothing to eliminate the
causes that have made these sacrifices necessary.
Our press (that- "lost potent factor in moulding public opinion),
instead1 of seeking to produce a
sane judgment in this world crisis, has, in the main, simply fanned thc fires of suspicion and mistrust into flames of fierce envy
and hate.
Our clergy, with but few exceptions,
turn pious eyes to heaven und call down
Divine blessing on Ihe armies we send
out to slaughter, uud bc slaughtered;
asking God 's nid to vanquish our ems-
niies, quite .inmindful of the fnct that
they also are praying to Him for power
to do the same to us; forgetting, also,
that they nre thereby turning their
back on tbe Christ they profess to
That something is radically wrong is
quite evident.
That our rulers are not making things
better but worse, is also plain.
The senseless argument that peace
can only be obtained by victory is only
leading us further and further away
from the Divine plan of reconciliation.
It is beyond question that the sensible people, the progressive and thinking
people of alt lands, are passionately desirous of peace.
It is also beyond question that the
interests of all the workers of the world
lie solely along the paths of peace.
All wars are ultimately traceable to
commercial disputes, and as such, are
of no benefit to the aetaal wealth-producers. It is the struggle for commercial supremacy that has brought about
this world cataclysm, and it can only
ond in the complete overthrow of the
competitive system.
The day of reckoning is here. Commercialism stuuds convicted today as
the one great bar to humnn progress.
To insure its complete overthrow, and
to establish a new order, in which justice shall reign, it is absolutely necessary that all government shall pass into
the hands of tho producers of wealth.
The men and women who nre the actual producers, must also be the owners
and controllers; not with the idea of
ruling or controlling others, but in order that- freedom and democracy may
be established.
Thc B. C. Federation of Labor has
decided to enter the political arena
with this object in view.
Its candidates are pledged to support
the following programme:
1. The elimination of all profits ou
war materials or supplies. No onu is to
be nllowed to mako a cent out of the
2, The repeal of tho Conscription
. Better pay for soldiers nnd better pensions for their dependents. No
man should be scut to the front to fight
for a less -wago than ho could secure in
ordinary occupation nt home; and none
of his dependents should have to rely
>n "charity" (under whatever terms
t iB disguised) for the means of bare
4, The abolition of thc proflt system.
No politician is qualified to sit in
the halls of a legislature who is not
alivo to what is going on in the world
today. A swift evolution in ideas and
thought is iu process of fulfilment.
He alone is to be trusted to gjide
tho affairs of our eountry through the
present storm who has the clear vision
to see that no amount of patchwork or
repair can bolster up the present commercial system. It must be abolished
entirely, and its plnco taken by a system of national co-operation. This can
only be done by the workers themselves
acting through their elected representatives.
A world revolution Is upon us, It is
for us to say what form it shall take.
Every clean-thinking mid well-meaning
person must surely prefer that it should
be effected by the exercise of reason
and intelligent action throogh the duly
created channels uf administration,
rather than through violent whirlpools
of violence, passion' and perhaps bloodshed and destruction.
For this reason tho B. C. Federation
of Labor would impress upon all
thoughtful poople the necessity of supporting a political programme that is in
line with the development of civilization in the direction of a wider democracy and an assured freedom from the
curse of autocracy and commercialism.
Anxious to SabRtt.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—Local Vnncouver No. 1, Socialist Party of Canadn,
hereby Issues a general challenge to debate, to the representative of other political parties with candldatea nominated
for the forthcoming Federal election.
We particularly wish to meet Mr. w.
Wi B, Mclnnes, on account of tliut gentleman's apparent anxiety to debate with
certain other of Ms political opponents:
nnd while we realize that he Is a candidate for un outside constituency, still,
we think that such a debate ln Vancouver City might be productive of muoh
Apart from  this, however,  this challenge stands open for all comers, Labor
candidates Included.
Subject preferred as follows:
RESOLVED:    That It Is to the Interest of the common people to study
and Hupport the policy of the Socialist Party of Canada rather than that
of any other political party.
Thanking you  In anticipation for the
space taken by this letter,
Representative Displays-
Men's All Wool Underwear
THIS may be the last season that you men will
be able to procure "ALL-WOOL" underwear.
The British government is contemplating the prohibition of all-wool quality. Our stocks are very
representative and complete.
TurnbulPs"Cee-Tee" all-wool Shirts and Drawers. Per
garment at $3.50
Combinations—Medium weight; por suit 85.50
Heavy weight; per suit $8.50
Wolsey -English all-wool heavyweight Shirts an*- Drawers; per garment * $3.50
Combinations—Por suit $7.00
Viking, "Quality    supreme,"   English all-wool Shirts
and Drawers; lightweight.   Per garment 83.50
Heavyweight, per garment $5.00
Combinations—Lightweight, per suit   87.00
Heavyweight, per suit $10.00
Our big reductions on all Trimmed
Hats will surely interest you.
All good Hats—All correct styles—
Every one of them /
See for Yourself «£i
Ste Special Window
532 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3291
See Lomas
Small Farm
Lands and
As an old-time resident
of Burnaby he knows
values and every inch of
the district.
Agent Equitable Fire and Marine Insuranco Company
Real Estate, Conveyancing, Insurance, Appraiser
Estates Managed
1 have the best exclusive listings in Burnaby.
Oood buys for cash, in lots, houses and acreage.
All close to ear line.
Phone Col. 81X
P.O. Box 7
Acting Postmaster-General
Will Not Consider Demands of Employees
The reply received by Dominion
Pedcratod Socretary Aloi. McMordio,
of thc Federated Association of Letter
Carriers from tho acting postmaster*
general, Hon. C. J. Doherty, relative to
thc demands of thc Letter Curriers of
tho Dominion, for on increase of $20
a month, to cover the increased cost
of living, is a direct refusal to further
consider the demands of tho men.
Hon. Mr. Doherty explains that somo
months ago when the postoffice department laid tho claim) of the carriers
before the council ond treasury board,
that body did not see its way to grant
the increase demanded, and, that In
view of the fact that parliament approved of th* $100 bonus submitted by
tho comhiitteo on supplementary estimates, it is impossible for the postoffice
department or the governor-in-council
to add to tho allowance provided for.
In conclusion tho acting postmaster-
general stateB that the $100 bonus was
not granted with tho Intention of fully
covering the increased cost of living,
but as a help to moot tho additional
'Yes, just a sop to lessen thc fooling of general dissatisfaction," said
Secretary McMordie to a reporter.
"Well, thore the mattor stands," he
continued,'' and I now await the action
of the branches throughout the Dominion, Now, we all know how the
Lomleux act reads as to privilogo and
right which belongs to all Labor organizations to havo their grievances
considered by boards of conciliation
and arbitration. If the government
grants boards of conciliation for other
Labor organizations, why this unusual
diffidence in the case of its own employeos V
It is not generally known by the public thut the carriers have been on the
same salaries since April 1, 1013, sixteen months prior to the commencement of tho war, up to and including;
October 31, this year, when the bonus1
awarded took effoct doting from Aprlt
1 of this year, and was received latitat extent last week.
Further action by tho carriers Is
under consideration throughout the Dominion.
Made in British Columbia by British Columbia
EVERY cent you pay for
"LECKIE'S" goes into the
SHOES. No unnecessary duty
or freight to pay.
made to stand B. 0. weather
conditions. They have the choicest leather throughout. No card-
board soles—no paper uppers,
will make you a permanent wearer of the BEST FOOTWEAR IN
—At Your Fuvoritc Shoe Store—
J. Leckie Co.


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