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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 12, 1917

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 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBIAL UNITY: STBBNGTH
NINTH YEAR.   No. 41
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB CO UNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
^VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 12,1917
POLITICAL TOUT:   VICTOBT
(In Vaneouvar \
Wtr. HM  ; ' ■
$1.50 PER YEAR
LETTER CARRIERS PATRONAGE HASNO
ASSEMBLE IN
E
Local Branch Discusses the
Government's Action on
Wage Increase
Dissatisfaction Is General
Over  Conditions  as
They Now Exist
The regular meoting of Branch No.
12, P. A. L. C, wbb held on Friday,
Oct. 5, the most largely attended for
many months. • Bro. Fred. Knowles,
western federal delegate to the Trades
and Labor Congross convention at Ottawa, gave a resume of tho proceedings, and reported on the deputation
to the deputy postmaster-general,
where matters of importance to the
membership were taken up with the
ministers.
Four more returned soldiers were
initiated, making eight in tho last two
meetings. It Ib to be hoped that all
the others will be lined up next meeting. The soldiers obligated so far are
as follows: J. W. McCulIough, £.
Knowles, 0. Whitlock and W. Lane.
The seeretary read copies of all correspondence having a bearing on the
recent mass-meeting, which passed between the branch and the federal
premier in relation to the demand for
an immediate increase*
Bros. Barlow and Dodd reported as
delegates to the Trades and Labor
council.
Bro. Carl reported on the P. 0. war
fund disbursements.
A letter was received through H, H.
Stevens, M.P., from tho Hon C. J.
Doherty, acting postmaster-general, ie
transportation matters, which stated
that ho would do his utmost to have
the request met as soon as possible.
There is quite a lot of trouble-along
this line throughout the Dominion, and
the boys in London, Ont., are still
walking.
Secretary Wight brought out a statement showing that, in accordance with
a resolution paaaed Sept. 4,1914, wherein members enlisting were to be kept
in good standing while with the colors,
that the following amounts wero paid
on their behalf up to Oct. 1, 1917: By
exemption of payment of dues, $329.45;
by payment of beneficiary assessments
and B.A. per capita taxes, $100.45; by
payment of federal per capita taxes,
$118.37, and by payment of Trades and
Labor council per capita taxes, (33;
making & total loss to the branch during the period of tho war to date of
$588.27.
Forty-six members of the branch had
enlisted, two being killed, two unfit,
one since had resigned from the P.O.
service, though still with the colors,
leaving 40 memberB overseas.
Theso losses, in keeping the members in good standing, have been accomplished without raising the dues of
those at home, but it was deemed imperative that furthor provision had to
be made to continue obligations, and a
motion was carried unanimously:
"That members on grades A, B, C, and
temporaries, including the returned soldiers, pay the same rates that have
prevailed, and that members on grades
D and E pay 50 cents per .month in
future.''
In consequence of the recent award
of V war bonus of $100 per annum,
granted by tho government, a great
deal of dissatisfaction haB been created
throughout the federation, and an official circular was received from the
headquarters placing three propositions
before the membership, for immediate
attention.
The matter was gon« into thoroughly, and it was unanimously decided to
instruct our federal executive to proceed to obtain a conciliation board,
under the Industrial Disputes act, to
Beek and establish demands on tho
government for a more substantial and
adequate increase along the lines of
tho original applications. A number of
branches have already taken similar
action.
As an example of tho state of affairs
existing through the miserable consideration that the government guvo to
the carriers' demands, without the formality of consulting the federation as
to its acceptability to them, the following report, published in the Toronto
World, Sept. 20, may be appreciated:
Mass-meeting Passes Resolution for Board.
At an enUiuBiBHtic meeting of Toronto
Letter Carriers', held last night in the assembly hall, at tho Labor Temple otl Church
Btrett a lunto representation of carriers from
tho various stations throughout the city presented ovidenco that tho salaries paid them
bv tbo L-overnment wore not sumclont to
meet tlie needs of tlie present time, and that
an increase tbnt would put them on an equal
footing wilh their brother carr era In western cities, whero tbey claim tho cost of
liv ng is not so high, would help to relieve
the  conditions hero In Toronto.
It was Btated that some of tho men's
wives were forced to go out or take in work
n order to help make both ends meet, and
that some of the men were forced to work
K/n"gh In the week as well as do ng
day duty, and mention was mado of the
men being forced to work on.Saturday after-
noons of tho two months that ara allowed
tbem with this half-holiday.
The Peterboro Letter Carriers' were represented  by  It.  Held,   who   told  in  a  brief
Turns
Appointment
Control
After consu\ -as. the central labor
body of Victoriinpetary A. S. Wells,
who is also seoretary-treasurer of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, haB declined
to accept a proffered appointment on
the B. C. advisory committee for food
control. In doing bo, Seoretary Wells
addressed the following letter to W. J.
Hanna, federal food controller:
"Victoria, B. C, Oct. 8, 1917.
"Mr. W. J. Hanna,
"Food Controller,
"Ottawa, One.
"Sir: Yours of. the 17th inst., notl
fying me of the fact that you had appointed me on the Provincial Advisory
Committee for Food Control, along with
several communications notifying me
of meetings of the committee, to hand.
"Being of the opinion that if it is
the desire of Labor to be represented
on any government body that it should
choose its representative on that body,
I placed the several communications
before the Trades and Labor council at
last meeting.
"In doing bo I stated that so far as
I was concerned, I had no doslfe to act
on the committee, for the reason that
the workers were compelled, at all
times, to conserve food, aB they are
never in a position to Indulge in any
extravagance, especially after the depression which hns prevailed on this
coast for some years now.
"The position of the council is ob
follows: It.considers that the present
efforts to control the food supplies of
the country are a farce. The workers,
amongst whom the dependents of the
soldiers are numbered, being compelled
to pay advanced prices for all necessities, without any corresponding increase in their incomes.
Meantime the people who control
the food supplies are reaping enormous
profits out of the situation created by
the increased demand for food supplies
caused by the war, and we consider that
bo long as food supplies of the nation
are controlled by the1 vested interests,
that for Labor to be represented on the
committee, would be worse than useless,
for the reason that the very fact of
.abor being represented on the com-
jiittee would give the impression that
some effort was being made in the interests of the common people, whilo we
know that the present government has
refused to accede to the demands of
Labor for the taking over of the means
of production and distribution, which is
the only way in which any measure of
food control can be sincerely undertaken by the nation.
"For the above reasons the council
asked me to decline the appointment,
and I therefore notify you of my de-
clinntion of the appointment to the
committee referred to.
I remain, yours,
"A. S. 5VELLS,
'' Secretary-treasurer.''
address of the conditions prevailing In that
city and the Immediate action that was necessary by officials In order to put things on
an even basis. "We have not the privilege
of riding free on tho street cars, as you
men have here In Toronto," he stated, "and
the number of times we find It necessary
to use tho cars far exceeds the car ticket
allowance that we receive. This Is the chief
thing that the carriers of Peterboro would
like to see remedied,"
The question of holidays was also brought
up, some of the men claiming that a few
managed to get the three weeks allowed
them by the government, but the majority
only received two weeks. Some of the men
were of the opinion that If they could not
bave the three weeks' holidays they should
have tbe extra weeks' salary.
The following resolution moved by A, McMordie,, seconded by £. F. Lowery, was
unalmoiisly adopted:
Allowance Insufficient.
Resolved that we, tho Letter Carriers',
porters and other grade employees of the
Toronto postoffice, ln meeting assembled,
most emphatically express our dUsappolnt-
ment at the totally Inadequate allowance
of $1.68 per week, handed out to ub by the
government of Canada as compensation to
meet the Increased cost of living, and bo It
further resolved that we call the attention
of the public thatflgures Issued by tho labor
department of the government show that the
cost of living, as per their August report,
has increased over 47 per cent., during the
past threo years, and that In industrial employment thero has been corresponding increases In wages of four, five and six dollars per week, and
"Whereas we have asked the govornment
to grant us an Increase of $20 a month to
meet tho present cost of living, which we
believe is neither unreasonable nor unpatriotic. That after waiting patiently for over
12 months the allowance handed out to us
creates the impression that those in authority and drawing largo salaries, do not know,
and do not care, how the workers exist,
and It be further resolved, that this meeting
Instruct It executive officers to make application to tbe minister of labor for an arbitration board on tbe matter of an adequate
Increase under the Industrial Disputes act."
Judging from the speeches made and the
general attitude of the men, they are determined to see the thing through.
Resigns as Secretary
W. A, Pritchard, socialist cundidate
in Vancouver eeutro, has resigned thc
secretaryship of the Timber Workers,
and has obtained    employment    along
shore.
In Oity for Thanksgiving
Mr. Harry E. Richardson, formerly
of the News-Advertiser, who is now engaged with the advertisihg department
of the Victoria Daily ColoniBt, spent
Thanksgiving with his parents at 1171
Hornby street,
Electrical Workers Ready
******     ******     ******      ******
And Awaiting Developments
At a Into hour Inst night tho Electrical Workers' union decided to nd*
joani their meeting until this evening.
Meantime they nvc hlu.i.ing time nnd
awniting developments, B. C. Telephone Co. offlciuls with authority, it is
stated, nro in Victoria, -out will bc here
thiiPofternoon. It is no? unlikely tbat
a conference between the parties to
the dispute will be neld some time
prior to the meeting of the employees
tonight.   Any one conversant with the
Labor Defies the Political
*******      ******* *******
By Casting Its Hat Into the Ring
Lightning I DOMINION GAS
*******
B. C. Federation of Labor
Enters the Field of
.    , Class War
Will Send Its Own Men to
Ottawa to Cleanse the
Augean Stables
LABOR CANDIDATES are now
in the field for the forthcoming federal elections. At the convention of Labor delegates last
Tuesday night, in the Labor
Temple, Jas. H. McVety was nominated, without opposition, to contest Vancouver South, and after
brief opposition from Geo. H.
Hardy, Victor R. Midgley, who
twice declined to be a candidate,
was the choice of the convention
to run in Burrard. Owing to the
decision of the B. C. Federation
of Labor not to oppose the socialist candidates where already in the
Held, there will be so Labor candidate
in Vancouver Centre where the Socialist Party of Canada already had nominated W. A. Pritchnrfl.
Tho lubor candidates are absolutely
opposed to conscription.. Tnelr chances
for election look very favorable, and
they can be elected if members of or*
ganized Labor, and Labor generally,
opposing the system of labor exploitation*, will stick together.
The convention on Tuesday night was
called to order by J. H. McVety, vice-
president of the B. C. Federation   of
COUGHLAN'S SHIP
YARDS Sf ILL
Prospects Are Good for a
Settlement Within a
Few Days
Munitions Board Reaches
Agreement With Men
at Victoria
THE LABOR situation, at the
shipyard of J. Coughlan &
Sons, remains unchanged and the
yard has been tied up tight for
a week. Meantime, J* J. Coughlan, jr., was to have arrived in
Ottawa yesterday to tako up the
matter of increased prices allowed by the government so the
firm could meet the increases demanded in wages at thc yard. It
is now a case of marking time by
thc unions affected.
It is quite possible a settlement
of the wooden vessels situation
in Victoria with the Munitions Board
representatives may have a bearing on
the Coughlan situation. At the confer-
ence this week in Victoria the understanding reached was tbat the men
should continuo work under protest
pending the outcome of the conference
in Seattle between representatives of
the U. S. government und shipyard
employees.
The Munitions Board is willing to
recognizo thut adjustment and pay
back-time to Sept. 1. They further
agree, if thc increased cost of living
warrants, to open up and adjust the
wage question every three months.
This has been accepted by the Shipyard Workers' of Victoria and is now
before the workers here.
II
membership of tbo Electrical Workera'
will understand thnt they aro not in
the habit of being caught napping—
nnd this occasion will bo no exception.
However, there is still u probability
of a satisfactory settlement during the
next twenty-four hours. Then again
one ennnot always sometimes It'll. Tbe
decision can only bo mndo by the
parties directly interested.
Patriotism is n noble passion with
Ihe mun who lays down his life, It
is only au advertising poster with the
muu who lays down bis plant.
McLeod's Cafe Being Picketed—Public Sympathy
Is With Girls
Except for n class of business man
which is always opposed to organized
labor, the patronage of MacLeod's Cafe
is not as lnrge as it was, due to public
sympnthy being with tho waitresses—
who uro on strike for better working
conditions. For the firBt Mme in Vancouver's history, girl pickets are seen
on the streets. When tho strike was*
called every member of the union at
Mncl.cod's walked out, and somo who
did not belong to the union. Some
professional men, who nro opposed to
orgunized lubor, who nevor patronized
MacLeod's before, are eating there now
mid are thus placing themselves in
the cutegory of strike-breakers. They
arc doing ull tbey can to discourage
the girlB. However the picket ts proving effective, and other places, seeing
the determination of the waitresses, ore
signing iip. Only the waitresses are
affected. The kitchen help at Mac
I.eud 'a is Chinese lubor.
WIU Organiie Shipptra
A movement is on foot to organize
thc men employed in wholesale houses,
sucb as shippers, etc,   A    preliminary]
meeting will be held in a few duys,    I
' JAS. H. McVETY
President ot Vancouver Tradei and Labor
council, vice-president of the B. 0. Federation of Labor, and manager ot Vancouver
Labor Temple, who was selected aa the B.
0. F. of L. candidate In tbe forthcoming
federal elections for tbe conttltuenejr of
Vancouver South, at Wednesday evening's
nominating convention ot Vancouver trade
unionists.
Four Candidates Nominated
on Anti-Conscription
Labor Platform
to
Labor. The decision of the convention was that Mr. McVety should act
as chairman and Victor E. Midgley,
the other Vancouver vice-president) or
the federation, should be secretary.
The Delegates.
The following credential! were received
and accepted:
Cigar Makers'—f. Swarta.
Plumbers'—Jas.  Cowling.
Pile Drivers', No. Ut—W. P. Ironside
and Gill Simpson.
Shipyard  laborers'—Phelps,  Kilpatrick.
North Shore Civio Employees'—0. S.
Jenkin,
Civio Employees' Union, No. 28—E,    0.
ppleby.
Bricklayers'—W. 8. Dagnall.
Boiler Makers'—McSab, Edwards, Clay,
Best, Fox, Moore.
Steam Ealgneers'—W. Walker. Hnnt.
Brotherhood  Carpenters'—McDonald,    6.
. Hardy, J. R. Campbell.
Typographical—H. 0. Benson and J. 8.
Wilton,
Trades and Labor Council—J. H. McVety
and Welsh.
Teamsters' and Chauffeurs'—Showier.
Poole, Davison and V. B. Mldgley.
Retail Clerks'—A. P. Ulan.
Paintors'—J, Downle.
City Firemen Union—0. Richardson.
Amalgamated Section Carpenters'—J, G.
Smith and F. L. Barrett.
Machinists'—J. Brooks. (Local 182).
Garment Workers'—H. Gotterldge.
Moving Picture Operators'—A. 0. Hansen.
The following delegates who failed to
bring credentials wire also seated:
Electrical Workera'—McKay.
Maohiniata', No. 777—Bengough, Lyons.
It waa decided that visitors who had
union cords or who were vouched for
by a delegate should be permitted to
remain. Representatives of the press
were excluded.
Policy of Federation Candidates.
The convention unanimously adopt*
ed the platform and policy of the B. C.
Federation of Labor. In this connection, Del. Hardy moved and Del. McDonald seconded that the convention
should adopt in addition to the anti-
conscription plank, the platform of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
An amendment by TJ'el. Midgley,
seconded by Del. Gutteridge, "that in
uddition to anti-conscription, thiB convention adopt the platform ond policy
of the B. C. Federation of Lauor," was
carried unanimously.
The Nominations.
The  nomination  of candidates  was
then proceeded  with.     Dels. Midgley
Campaign   Committee
Hold First Meeting on
Monday Night
and Hardy wore nominated for Burrard, the result of the ballot being
Midgley 35, Hardy 5. For the constituency of Vancouver South, Del. McVety
was the only nominee and was elected
by acclamation.
The Campaign Commlttae,
It was decided by the convention to
leave the selection of the campaign
committee to the candidates, who have
selected the following committee:
Chairman and treasurer—Miss H. Gutteridge.
Shipyard Laborera'—G. Kilpatrick.
Letter Carriera'—F. Knowles.
Machinists', No. 182—J. Brooks.
Machinists', No. 777—Bengough.
North Shore Civic Employees—G. 8. Jen*
kin.    .
Boiler Makera'—T. Fawkes.
Civic Employees, No. 28—G. Harrison.
Steam Engineers'—W. Walker.
Carpenters'—A. McDonald.
Typos.—H. Neelands.
Plumbers'—F. W. Welsh.
Teamsters' and Chauffeurs'—B. Showier.
Retail Clerks'—A. P. Glen.
City Firemen—0. Richardson.
Moving Picture Operators'—A. 0. Hansen.
Eloctrical Workers'—McKay.
Longshoremen—G. J. Kelly.
Street Railway Employees'—Fred. Hoover.
Street Railway Employees'—J. Hubble.
Butchers'—B. W. Lane.
"B. 0. Federationist"—R. P. Pettlpleoe.
Bricklayers'—W. Dagnall.
Pile Drivers'—Ironsides.
The above committee will meet on
Monday next, at the Labor Temple,
for organization purposes.
110 INFLUENCE
PUBUC POR I
Newspapers Are Being Inspired by Local Streetcar Company
Employees, When the Time
Comes Will Also Say
Something
It is noticed lately that newspapers
contain articles in favor of the one-
man street car, evidently inspired. It
wits the intention of the Street Rail
way EmployeeB not to say unytbing
until Commissioner Shortt's report on
the local street railway situation hud
been received. A representative of the
Street Railwaymen snyB the feeling of
all streetcar men as regards the one-
man type of car is woll Known, and at
the proper time thc men will be able
to present their side of the case, as it
affectB not only them, but tho general
public. Viewed superficially it might
appear this is only a question between
the employing companies und the men,
but on closer investigation it will be
shown it vitally affectH the traveling
public in regard to safety and service
rendered.
Fred A, Hoover, sixth vice-president
of the International, is at Edmonton
assisting in the conciliation board which
has been appointed by the federal government since the strike. President Joe
Hubble has received from him his written report from the international convention. This was marked "rush,"
but did not arrive in time to present
to the local at Wednesday's meeting.
At tho laBt meeting a delegation
from the WnitreBBes called on the
union. ,asking the co-operation of thc
street railwuymen toward the success
of their dunce. President Hubble has
tickets to sell. The girls are trying to
muko the dance one of the largest and
most successful socinl affairs ever hold
in organized labor circles in this city.
VICTOR R. MIDGLEY
Secrotary and buiiui'&H Agent of Vancouver
Tradei and I.aliur council, und vfee-jiresi-
ili-nt of tbe B. (.'. Federation uf Labor, wbo
was selected as the II. t\ F. of Ii. ennUi-
date tn the forthcoming federal election)
for the constituency of Burrard, nt Wed1
neiday evunlng'B nominating convention
of Vancouver trade unionists.
IT
Bakers Contend That Night
Work Is Bad for Them
and the Public
An open meeting of the Bakers will
be held Saturday night for the purpose of devising ways nnd means Ui
do away with night work. All of the
bakeries in Vancouver now do tlieir
breadbukiug at night. The .men say
nightwork is bud for their health, and
unhealthy bukers are not in the best
intercBti of public health. As employing bakers chargo taore for bread here
than anywhere else in Canada, as
shown by tlie recent report of the food
investigator, the men muintnin local
bakers ought to pay higher wages, as
well as permit betor working cuudi
tions.
ENGINEERS ARE
Consolidated Union Adding
Members at Rate of
20 Per Week
The Steam and Operating Kngir.rors
through organization, are now in n
fair way to accomplish some of thc
things they set out to do some months
ugo, particularly with regnrd to working conditions. Thc prospects have
been considerably improved by the recent amalgamation between the international union nnd the B. 0, Associu-
tiou of Stationary Engineers, the association having transferred its entire
membership to Hie international locnl.
Since the merger of the two orgnnizu-
tions the combined membership 1ms
been lidded to at tho rate of 20 weekly, a notable fcaturq being the high
percontaffO of engineers who follow stn-
tionary work entirely, At this rate of
increase ir 100 per cent, organization
looms up as n possibility of the near
future tarojghout. the province.
Engineers who have net already
joined up should at once get into communication with the secretary, W, A,
'Alexander, rooms 210-217, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, where nn office
nnd reading room is maintained, which
nlso functions as a free employment
bureau. A membership curd in tho consolidated Engineers' union, for members of the craft, is a good Investment.
Election to Be Held sa Soon
as Democracy Has Been .
Made Safe
Parliament haa officially been dissolved. The people will now breathe
easier as they sow know that the worst
is over, and that before any furthor
autocratic, non-British actions can be
taken some of the people will have an
opportunity to voice tlieir dissaproval
of the. actions of the Borden "Big Interests" government, and send them
to litabo The game of trying to
stampede the public in the flim-flam
game of a unionist government by the
medium of the press was a failure.
Now the gamo is to gather the representatives of "Big Interests" in the
different localities and quietly get together and create a sentiment for a
"UnloniBtBlg-Intorest ticket."     But
the people are wisa to that move	
In the meantime Borden is to work the
nucleus of a union- cabinet whose business it will be to wave the flag and
try to get the people to forgej their
domestic troubles and big dividends for
the corporations who will back this
scheme with their swollen dividends
and the newspapers over which they
can wield the club. It 'a a pretty slick
scheme but will be exposed in its en*
tirety when the campaign gets under
way The Conservatives are making ajre to have a control of the House
of Befuge—more commonly known as
the Senate—by fllling it up with good
old Tories who have been faithful to
tho party. Senate reform—change its
complexion from Liberal to Tory. The
idea pf making the Senate an elected
body of the people would never do. It
might endanger the power of Big Business.—The Voice.
B
BEING DONE IN
Incompetent Workmen Are
a Continual Menace to
Public Health
IS THB CITY COUNCIL
TRYING TO HEDGE?
Beported that Recent Increase in Olty
Employees' Wages Is to
Be Reconsidered
After having given the Civic   Employees an increase of SO cents a dny
all round, it is now reportod the city
council is going to reopen tho subject,
it being stated that under the increase
grunted some of the men will be mak*
ing more than the foremen who ore on
a monthly basis.
TEAMSTERS WILL ASK
FOR NINE-HOUR DAY
At Present Bome Teamsten Are Work
ing Fourteen Houn ud
Seven Days Weekly
At the meeting of the Teamsters on
Tuesday night a committee was appointed to make a demand for a nine-
hour duy and time and a half for
overtime. No demand for increased
pay for nine hours is to be made at
present. Some teamsters havo been
working as high as fourteen hours
duy and received no extra pay. The
last meeting was so largely attended
the small hall usually used by the local
was not large enough, so thc gathering
moved to the largo hall. Sixty n
members joined.
JOIN THE PROCESSION
Grand Trunk Trainmen Are Conferring
With Road Officials.
Representatives of 4,000 conductors
and trainmen of tho Grund Trunk rail-'
way are conferring at Montreal with
LI. K. Gillen, vice-president in charge
of operations, with reference to a demand for an increaso in wages, the
increase asked totalling $1,500,000.
The engineers aad firemen of the
Grand Trunk are conferring with W.
D. Robb, vice-president in charge bf
motive power, etc., with u view to increased wages.
Examination of Plumbers
Is Being Strongly
Advocated
A dangerous Btate of affairs exists !■ '
Vancouver on account of the employ*
ment of inefficient plumbers by master
plumbers, 'who themselves knov. Uttlt '
about the business. Vancouver is oat
of the few cities on the continent
which does not require examination and'
registration of journeymen plumbers.
The result is that much work is being
done by incompetent mechanics. It ia
estimated that fully 90 per eent. of tht
work now being done, is repair work,
over which the plumbing inspector hat
no jurisdiction. Some eases of plumbing repair which have come to notice
show the utter incompetence of tht.
mechanics who are men, no. doubt, employed to do the* work because they
will accept lower wages than is demanded by members of the Plumbers'
union wbo are competent men. So
carelessly has some work been done
that gas from the main sewers is dis*
tributed through many houses, endangering the lives of the occupants. Thlt
is a question to which the city council could better devote some of its time
instead of talking bo much about politics.
In this connection The Federationist
has received the following communication:
I wish to call attention through
the columns of your paper to the danger! to public health caused by the condition of the plumbing in this city
which haB reached a very low ebb
through the clasB of work being done
by incompetent mechanics and unscrupulous master plumbers. • At the
present time the greater part of tho
work done—probably as much as 90
per cent.—consists of repairs and alterations which do not come under the
notice of the plumbing inspector.
"The publio has to rely on the honesty of the master plumber and the
journeymen. They have no means of
telling legitimate master plumbers
from individuals who have plumbers'
signs displayed and who pose as plumbers, but in reality know nothing about
the plumbing business. Tbey know
only what tbey have learned at the
expense of the public.      '"
"I know of instances where lead
pipes have been cut for cleaning purposes and have never been soldered
up, thereby leaving an opening for
sewer gas to be distributed straight
from the main sewer through tho
building.   This is a common occurrence.
"Registration and examination of
all journeymen is the only means
whereby the public can be protected.
Vancouver iB ono of thc few cities on
this continent that hus no legislation
of this kind.
"It is with a view of creating a
healthy public opinion on this important question as well as putting citizens on their guard to enable them to
protect 'themselves, that this lettor is
written."
RAILWAY CARMEN TO MEET
IN    VANCOUVER     IN    1920
More Than 600 Delegates  From  All
Over America to Oome Here.
The Brotherhood of Railway Carmen
of Amcricu, which has just concluded
its 1917 convention at Forth Worth,
Texas, has voted to meet next timo,
three years hence, in Vancouver. The
information was received from Messrs.
Frank McKenna and Andrew Robb,
the delegates from this district. Usually
thero are some 61)0 delegates in attendance.
HELLO GIRLS THREATEN STRIKE
Seattle Exchange Operatives Likely to
Demand Increases.
Bight    hundred    Seattle    telephone      "Approximately 32,000 miners are on
girls who recently organizod n union,  strike in Arizona.    Tho copper opcra-
PRE8IDENT SAMUEL OOMPERS
ON ARIZONA SITUATION
decided to strike October 20, to on fore
their demands for an eight-hour day
and n minimum wngo of $.1,50 for beginners, and !|.2.75 after nine months'
experience. Tlie Pacific Telephone and
Telegraph company recently refused to
meet tlie girls' terms, lt was stated
that tbe strike also will involve the
Electrical Workers' union, of which the
Telephone Girls' union is u branch.
STRIKE IS AVERTED
Portland Carmen Leave Issues in Hands
of Arbitrators.
Tlie threatened strike of streetcn.
employees at Portland, Ore., 1ms beer
averted, the men agreeing to leave
tlieir demands to au nribtrution bean
of three members, which will rende,
a decision not Inter than Snturdny
Should the bourd fail to settle the die
pute a vote will be taken by the cni
ployees Snturdny night.
tors are making cnormouB"profits on
war contracts. To entrench thoir power
they begun a campaign of victimizing
active union men, thus disrupting the
labor movement. Economic action wns
necessary to maintain their rights. Tho
men presented demands which included
the right to organize and to obtain
higher wages.
"The copper compnnies arbitrarily
refused even to consider the demands
of the men and at onco preporod for the
contest. The strikers were not permitted to exercise their normal, lawful
rights—to do peaceful strike duty as
pickets—and were arrested on all manner! of pretext."
v   Plumbers Doing Well.
According to James Cowling, business ngent of the plninhers, the local
has a bright outlook. Sinco the middlo
of May, 70 new members have been enrolled, and applications arc being received every dny.
Union Labor Ought To Give
******     ******      ******      ******
"Fed." Advertisers Business
liiist week a member of organized
labor complained about tho treatment
he received iu il Hustings stroet store
which refused to sell him goods ns advertised in the window display This
firm wus net ii Fedorationist advertiser.
Hud it been. The Federationist would
have taken the matter .ip, for this
newspaper does not want tu curry business of firms which do nor sell goods ns
represented. But one of the firms which
does advertise in The Fedorationist
wns charged by p member of organized
labor with being the firm criticisicd lust
week, much to tho manager's surprise.
This shows to the advertiser not only
tho valuo of "delivering tho goods,"
but illustrates the vnlue of these columns.
Just onee The Federationist would
strongly recommend to its readers that
they patronize tbe merennuts who patronize this newspaper, una assure them
that if they are accorded unfair treatment hi any way that this paper will
bo glad to personally tnko the matter
up with the management of tho atore
responsible for such treatment.
But thoy must be advertisers in The
Fedcriitionist. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Men's and Boys'
CLOTHING
MADE IN CANADA
—and juBt as good looking—juBt as shape-
retaining and lasting as any clothes you'll
get anywhere.
Our Btock is particularly well assorted.
It contains sizos to fit the tall, the short,
tho broad and the slim—und a range of
prices to fit thc purso of every man.
LET US  SHOW TOU THESE
\s, CANADIAN-MADE   CLOTHES
Seo in tho mirror how smart they make
you look—yo-u will realize immediately
the superiority of Caaudian-lnade garments and tho excellence of our values.
Men's Suits   from $15.00 to $40.00
Boys' Suits  from 5 6.00 to 516.00
Men's Ovorcoats .. from $15.00 to $40.00
Boys' Overcoats .... from $ 6.00 to 515.00
hpfiuteonsBag Company, jg!
WMWWnj   l__     _t__t I satwtn. imn chihimihw ..      t J?**j J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Yoii'DWanUNewHat
—Of Courss You Will—
Thon why not come here I—where,
as "Kxclusive Hatters," we naturally can do the beat hy you.
.Men's Hat Fashions aro not rig*
Inatod hore—but they flnd ready expression in tho "R. tt P." stock.
Nothing   in  Hat  Fashions   missing
at this exclusive Hat Shop.
Tho  smartest  of Derbys  .. $3 to 96
Soft Hats, world's choicest 93 to $6
Caps $1 to $2.60
Richardson & Potts, Limited __^__________^
«17 OBANVILLE STBEET Neat Oor. Hastlngi Street
UNION ♦ OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OUT BTOFLT TOU WHB TBI ALLIED FBMTWO TRADES UHOH LABEL
BiGLET t SOW, 151 Haalllia Slraat Sannonr Sit
BLOCHBERQER. F. R„ SIB Broadway East Fairmont 203
BBAND * PEBBI, 6S» Pender Street, Waat  Sajnou 1I7S
B. O. PEIjniNQ 4 LITHO. CO., Smyths and Homer Soj-raour 8233
OLAKKE * STUART, S20 Seymoar Street    Seymonr 1
OOWAH 4 BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Balldinf Seymoar 4420
DOV8MU1R PRIXTINO CO.. 4IT Daaamalr Street Seymear 1101
EVANS * HASTINOS, Arts and Oralis Bldf, Seymonr Bt ..Seymonr S1S0
JIFFERT, W. A., 216S Parkor Street Highland 1137
KEBBHAW, J. A., 912 Howe St Seymonr 1674
LATTA, R P.. «8« Oora At Seymonr 1032
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 2851 Msln Bt Fairmont 1218
HeLEAN 0 SHOEMAKER, North Tanoonter N. Tan. 89
MEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pender Bt Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Veneou.er ....N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bnlldlni Seymoar 2802
MKDDI, O. A, 816 Homer Street Seymou 284
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO, 817 Camole St Seymonr 8602
SUN JOB PRESSES, 711 Seymour Street Seymonr 8534
TBI STANDARD, Homer Btreet  Soymonr 470
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beatty Street Soymonr 3625
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Haitian W Seymoar 8820
TIMMS, A. H, 330 Fourteenth Aye. E Fairmont 83Ht
WABD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Homer Street Seymoar 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 381 Dnnsmalr Bt Seymoar 3528
WHITE t BINDON, 521 Pendor West Seymour 1214
Writ* "Pnlon Lane!" ea Ton Copy whai Tee Send It te tha Printer
Oood for one year'a subscription to Tha B.
-  _.      gm    m g\ -a      C. Federationist. will bs mailed to any ad*
_ fl     W«al%      I   mnpA»  One, in Canada for 910.    (Oood anywhere
III     klllD.    VstllQa   eolside ol  Vanceaeer thy)    OrJ.r  lea to*
A booklet>hich cvenmthinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slav Try'
n* K   T   fiunotvir m
By E. T. KINGSLEY
..The merit and real worth of
this publication Is shown by the
fact that sinco it was issued on
November, 1918, orders for thou*
sands of copies hare beon received from all parts of the world
and additional orders are coming
in by every mall.
In a clear-out and concise stylo
this booklet goes thoroughly Into
the question of the economic position of capitalist society and tho
position of the working classes In
relation to it.
The troublosomo phases nf tho
relations between the capitalist
and the worker aro dealt with ln
a manner which solves in plain
and forceful logic many polnta on
which tho worker of today is often
"at sea" whon meeting arguments.
THE BOOKLET FORMS A VALUABLE TEXT BOOK AMD WORK
OF REFERENCE FOB WORKERS
AND STUDENTS OF ECONOMIC
PROBLEMS
Packages of 100 coplas ot
mora, 6 conts ptr copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or ln uy number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
oach (postpaid).
B. T. KINGSLEY
—tbt noted writer  on wage workeri'
firoblems wbo baa glwn the last word on
hia subject ln "The Genesis and EtoIu-
tion of SUTtiT''
Many labor organizations are now sending "ropeat" orders for (|tinntll!es nf
this booklet, their first orders liavinK beon readily dispose* of by sale or dis-
tributlon. These advlceB state that the booklet is eagerly sought nnd read with
keen Interest by their members.
Address aU ordors to
The B.C. Federationist
LABOR TEMPLE
B. PARM. PETTIPIECE, Manager
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Hold Decided Views on All
,  Matters Political and
Economic
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., B.C.,
Oct. 8.—Local 87 met in regular bossiou
on Sunday, a fair number of membera
being present, Tho,ilrst item of business was tho statement of Joe Naylor
and a brief report of hiB adventures
whilst attending tho Ottawa convention. He was unable to attend our
meeting to give a detailed report, but
promised a written roport later on.
It could be readily gathered frota
thc brief roport given that eastern
Cnnada is a hotbed of reaction, and
to steal a quotation to apply to the
situation, we can say: "East is East
und West is West and ne'er the twain
shall meet."   At least not yet,
While wc cannot judgo too harshly
at present, 'until the printed proceedings aro veceivod, we can draw some
powerful conclusions from the fact of
tho plute presB eulogizing the action
of the convention. It must have boen
O.K. from a capitalist standpoint, and
if that is tho case, it is rotten from
the workerB' standpoint.
The sane workers should cut themselves adrift from such a bunch. However, time win prove whether our suspicions are well grounded.
The Drumheller .Resolution.
A discussion arose out of tho reading of u resolution from Dr.imheller
Local, JJ. M. W. of A,, which had an
exceedingly ciasa-consclous preamble,
It protested aguinst the employment
of Japs in coal mines and againBt the
use ot alien encmios us strikebreakers.
This "internment "business has got
my gout. I know good men, so-called
"alien enemies," who had no more
use for Kaiser Bill than the dovil has
for holy water and who wero class-
conscious rebels. They were interned.
I have known others who were pin-
hended "patriots," wbo worshipped
thc Kaiser and all his crowd and gloat
ed over German victories, Special efforts were made to keep them out of
the internment ■ camp. Why tho difference? My conclusion ia that the
patriot, whether German, Austrian of
Frenchman, is a good, docile, obedient
slave and thc clasa-conacious worker is
tired of bis chums. Hence the former
is moro acceptable to tho "house of
have," whatever his nationality.
Industry Bhould Be Nationalized.
The final clauae of thc above resolu
tiou was tho part that caused tho discission. It dealt with the nationalization of industries and said that before
thc flrst conscript left the country all
industries should bc nationalized.
Tho local endorsed the resolution,
with tho exception of tbe part of this
clause dealing with conscription.
It was intended that the principle
of conscriptrou of man-power was
wrong. Whatever elso was tackod on
to it to nuiky it look pretty, it flavored
too much of the idea of telling a man*
"We nro only going to hang you a
little bit."
Wo are opposed to any further aggravation of slavery, such as will be
saddled upon us by.the Military Service bill.
But, wc are of the opinion that the
industries should be run for the bene
fit of nil tho people, and we realize
thnt if that is done, tho soldiers who
arc fighting will bc paid a living wage;
their dependents will not have to sub-
sist ou charity, nnd conscription will
not be necessary, especially if the loudmouthed food conservers, win-the-war-
by-8tnying-at;homc patriots, profiteers
and al! tho rest of tho drones, get out
and do some useful work.
Once wc get these useless parasites
)erforming useful foil, instead of toll-
ng us what nnd what not to ent, when
uud when not to buy motor cars, and
how mnny days a week we shall work,
thc  need   for   industrial  conscription,
FRIDAY...
...October 12, 1917
Bread Costs More Here Than
******     ******     ******     ******
Any Other Place In Canada
BRITISH  COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
Seumour
eio
Phone
ISeumour
210
1001 MAK BTEEBT
     - —PL—,
which is the purpose of thc Military
Service bill, will no longer bo folt.
Let It be understood that wc do not
ndvocate the breaking of any law however illegally it has been made. But
j we do most respectfully suggest that
all lovers of liberty will put a bunch
of men in parliament who will mako
lows thnt protect thc liberties of tho
people.
Inspector Needs the Money.
The next item of business was a
communication from the inspector of
weights and measures, threatening dire
consequences if his bill was not paid.
Home months ago the scales upon which
the miners' coul is weighed wero out
ot^order, and the men sent for thc inspec tor, which Ihey were entitled to
do, knowing thut if the .scales were
found ciirrecl the men would have to
pny the tees.
Tin1 inspector came some three weeks
i after und in tho meantime the compnny had put tlie denies in order. dm-
soqiiOlitly, the inspector, when he made
his belated appearance, found ( them
O.K. He presonted his bill to the company, tvlitoh promptly put it up, in the
men, with the pleu that ihe regiili
inspection, whloh they would have to
puy fur, was to bo made in n few
weeks,
Upon tboso grounds, tin1 men ngrood
In consider the bill, lr.it the scales have
since been rnoveil and the regular
spection has not tnken place yet, While
it looks like a hold Up, wc have paid
the bill and are pretesting against
suoh treatment to ihe dopnrtmont. Wo
Cannot utTurd the expense of litigation
at  this time, as we hftV
taut buttles to fight.
Isn't there anyway the Borden government can get rid of this man
O'Connor, nigh cost of living commissioner for Canada! That man is the
very limit. Only a few months ago
he showed up Sir Joseph Flavelle, head
of the war munitions commission, as
a peer among food profiteers who had
cloaned up a cool $5,000,000 on bacon
alone. And bacon, by tho way, is only
one of the articles Sir Joe has made
a big cleanup on. Now comes O'Connor with another interiin report and
he gives some moro bare facts and unvarnished truths. Mr. O'Connor haB
been conducting.au investigation daring the laBt six months into the milling industry in Canada, on which he
will make an exhaustive report to the
minister of Labor shortly.
A table showing the present cost of
production of bread in tho principal
cities of Canada reveals that cost of
bread a pound is highest in Vancouver and New Westminster, being 7.88
cents a pound. In Montreal the cost
is 7.68 cents; in Halifax, 7.53 cents;
Winnipeg, 6.85 cents; Toronto, 6.60
cents, and in Ottawa, 6.44 cents.
Mr. O'Connor in his report notes
that an increase in tho retail price of
bread occurred during tho months of
August and September in nearly all
the larger cities of Canada. "He says
the roason is obvious. Except in the
case of St. John and Winnipeg, the
cost to the bakers of the flour used in
the month of August was higher than
that used in the month of Jnly, dospite
the drop in the price of flour and the
drop in the price of wheat. The
reason for this is that the bakers were
using contract flour ordered in many
cases last fall. The supplies of this
contract flour are now practically all
exhausted. Toronto, Ottawa, London
and Vancouver purchased flour for
current use at the current price in
August. With the fixed price of wheat
will come without doubt a fairly uniform price for flour, which the previous calculation will show to be about
$11.40 in Ontario and Quebec for first
patents flour. In event of the fixing of the price of flour some supoi*
vision should be exercised to insure
that a standard quality is maintaned.
Oost of Delivery.
Tho disproportionate cost of delivery
is apparent by the table. This is particularly striking for Montreal and
Vancouvor, where the delivery charge
exceeds by noarly half a cent a pound
tho avorago of the 10 Canadian cities
reported.
It is estihmted that cost of delivery
of bakcrB' bread each day is $5,000 in
Montreal, $3,000- in Toronto, $1,000 in
Winnipeg, $1,200 in Vancouver, and
$500 in Ottawa, <
Winnipeg and Calgary are particularly fortunate in having had large
supplies of flour purchased by their
bakers at low cost. The public has
received tho benefit of ehis.
The investigation into the milling industry, of which that into bread costs
is a subsidiary effort,- has covered a
period of about six months. It has involved an examination into grain production, costs and profits of all the
milling companies. The forthcoming
report will show the capitalisation and
grosB profits of euch companies, as
well as their profits per barrel. It will
deal with their operations (speculative
and othorwise) in grain, showing their
profits so derived aB distinguished
from those mado upon the production
of flour. As far as possible, it will
distinguish between export and home
business. All the companies have
made full and frank disclosures, the
results of which are almost ready to bc
shown in tabulated form,
Ten Cities.
Tho report contains a table showing
tho cost of broad ft pound in 10 cities,
based upon actual cost for the .months
of July and August as shown by returns received from the bakers. Bread
sold is these cities is reported on.
Beginning with Halifax, the table
shows the average cost of flour used
in baking during the month of July to
be $8.20 and $9.25 in August. The cost
of flour, ingredients, baking, delivery,
more impor-
Making Ready for Election,
The quostion of the coming Dominion eleetion was ruined and iu thc
event of a nominating convention being held before our next meoting, a
delegute wus picked,
The seeretary hnd mislnii] the Federation's appeal fur funds, but wc
have picked u social committee to arrange, a sorlcs nf functions for the purpose of raising funds to assist the
B, C. Federation of Labor
the coming fitflil,
Tho lust Uom of business was Hie
filling nf vacancies on eommiltees, and
filling the position of vice -president,
Bro. Andy Parkor wns elected to the
latter position, nnd Bros. Mike Algner
and Ji Ollmour filled the vacancies of
ihe check-weigh committee, and Bro.
Don flreenwell was elected tl member
of tho finance committeo. Thus ended
anothor episode in social life of the
salubrious  burg of  South  Wellington.
waging
management and overhead charges,
was 5.767 cents in July and 6.533 cents
in August.
Mr. O'Connor's roport to the minister
is In pnrt as follows:
"A report concerning the milling industry of Canada is approaching completion, and I expect to deliver it to
you very shortly. In thc meantime,
howover, tho investigation into bread
costs nnd prices is sufficiently advanced to enable tho delivery of tbe
following interim report.
Many of tho producers of bread
throughout Canada have, in the course
of tho last six months, by means of an
educational effort on my part, been in-
duced to so provide that they could
mnke returns as to actual cost of bread
production, with tho result that I nm
now nblc to cite precise costs in the
vnrious zones within Cunnda where, if
any variance in cost docs exist, tho
sume ought to be apparent. For ini-
mediate purposes I subjoin a table (No,
i I), showing bread costs as of this day
[in Six Canadian cities extending from
j east to west. This table is based
I'.ipou Ihe bread production of one barrel of flour at today's prices of flour.
The bakers usually mix first nnd second patents flour (patents), so the
table is prepared upon the bnsis of
today's cost of one-half barrel of first
pateats and one-half barrel of second
patents Hour. I. take into consideration the cost of flour for onc pound
of broad, the ordinary ingredients, tho
cost of baking, of delivery, management and depreciation per pound. No
other (dements, so far ns the reports
of the bakers show, enter into thc production and delivery of a pound of
bread.
Composite "Cost.
"The figures shown aro the compo-
lte cost as made up from all tho reports received from the particular
cities meiitiouel in tho table. I am
absolutely aatisfied as to the correctness of the returns made so far as they
deul with mutcrinls and Ingredients,
and 1 huve no reason to doubt, though
1 urn not so well nblc to judge, us respects ally other particulars thereof.
The returns as to materials and ingredients hnve been compared with a
formula of costs of mntorial, which, to
knowledge, is thnt UffoA by tho
baking trade gonornlly, the formula
is basod upon u yield of 200 pounds of
bread por barrel, Umt being tho yield
which experience has shown is ordinarily to be anticipated as felteublo from
oae barrel of (lour. This formula when
applied to tho c irrent price of flour to |
bakers in car lots or mixed car lots,
namely $11.40 a barrel for flrat patents
and $10.90 a barrel for second patonts
in Ontario and varied according to
price of flour in different sections of
Canada, and on the current wholesale
prices of the various ingredients to
bakers, Bhbws a proper cost aa of today
per pound of bread, for flour and ingredients, of 4,838 conts in Ontario and
approximately 4.88 cents in Montreal
and Quebec, 5.1 cents in the Maritime
Provinces, 4.6 conts in Fort William
and the western provinces, and 4.84
cents in Vancouver.
"For obvious reasons I do not include the formula within this report,
but I retain it for the purpose of checking all future returns, I
Table No. 1.
Statement of costs of materials for
ono pound of bread in various cities of
Montreal—Flour (1 bag of 08 poundB
at $11 per barrel; ono bag'of 98 pounds
at $11.59 per barrel); avorage, $11.25;
flour, 4.3300 cents; ingredients, .4219
cent; baking, .7846 cent; delivery,
1.2760 cents; management, .5411 cent;
depreciation, -3300 cent; total, one
pound of bread, 7.6836 cents.
Ottawa—Flour (one bag of 98 pounds
at $11.40 per barrol; one bag of 98
pounds at $10.95 per barrol); average,
*ii15' flour' 4,290° cent8-f ingredients,
,3959 cent; baking, .6948 cent; dolivory,
.5838 cent; management, .1474 cent:
"ijpreciation, .3300 cent; total, one
pound of bread, 6.4418 cents.
Vancouver and New Westminster-
Flour (one bag of 98 pounds at $11.90
per barrel; one bag of 98 pounds at
$11.40 por barrel); avorage, $11.65.
Flour, 4.2960 cents; ingredients, .6941
cent;   baking,   .7404 cont;   delivery,
1-4630 cents; management, .3617 cent;
depreciation, .3300 cent. Total, one
pound of bread, 7.8852 cents.
Toronto—Flour (one bag of 98
pounds at $11.40 per barrel; one bag of
98 ponnds at $10.90 per barrel), average $11.15. Flour, 4.2900 cents; ingredients, .4070 cent; baking, .5017
cent; delivery .9510 cent; management,
.2560 cent; depreciation, .3042 cent.
Total, one pound of bread, 6.6099 conts.
Halifax—Flour (one bag of 98
pounds at $12.15 per barrol; one bag of
98 pounds at $11.65 per barrel), average $11.90. Flour, 4.9770 cents; ingredients, 7.663 cent; baking, .9627
cent; delivery, .8405 cent; mnnagoraent,
.1556 cent; depreciation, .2350 cent.
Total, ono pound of bread, 7.5371
cents. .
Winnipeg—Flour (one bag of 98
pounds at $10.90 por barrel,* one bag of
98 pounds- at $10.40 por barrel); aver
age, $10.65. Flour, 4.0960 centBj ingredients, .4550 cent; baking, .7306
cent; delivery, 1.0513 cents; management, 1897 cent; depreciation, .3300
cent. Total, one pound of broad,
0.8526 cents.
Rheumatism
A Hane Cure Given by Ona Whs had It
Io the sprint of law I wu attacked br
Huioular and Inflammatory Ithoumatiim. I
■uttered as only thoee who have lt know, for
ovor threo yean, t tried remedy after
remedy, and doctor after doctor, but incb
relief aa I received wu only temporary.
Finally, I found a remedy that oared mo
completely, and It hu never returned. I
bare Urea It to a number who were terribly
afflicted and e?en bedridden wtth Rhouma-
tlim, and lt effected a cure In every oue.
I want every sufferer from any form of
raeumatlo trouble to try thli marvelous heal*
Ing power. Don't aend a centi simply mall
yonr name and addreu and I will send It
free to try. After yoa have need It and
tt hu proven Itaoir to be thit long-looked* for
meana of earing yoar Rheumatism, yon may
aend the priee of it, one dollar, bnt, understand I do not want yonr money unleu you
are perfeetly satisfied to send It Isn't that
falrf Why suffer any longer when positive
relief Is thus offered yoa free? Don't delay
Write today.
Hark H. Jackson, No. BftSDGurney Bldg.,
Syracuse, K. T.
Hr. Jackson Is responsible. Above stato*
ment true—Pub. ,
LECKIE
BOOTS
for Women
and Misses
MADE Df BBITISH COLUMBIA
Thesa special lines are built to
stand hard wear.
For women in tho suburbs—
on the farm—at camp—or in the
city during rough weather—no
bettor boots could bo had.
Tho MissoB' Boots are particularly appropriate for school-
town or country.
Fit—style—real • comfort are
not sacrificed, oither.
ASK YOUB DEALER TO SHOW
YOU
Manufactured br
J: Leckie Co.
VANCOUVEB, B, O.
NOTICE
TAKE NOTICE that The North Shore Real
Estate Company, Limited, intends to apply
to the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies,
ono month aftor date, to approve its change
of name to Fatton A Company, Limited.
Vancouver, B. C, September 26th, 1917.
SEARS ts PATTON,
Solicitors for the Company.
Well-Known Home in Vancouver
Broken Up
THE PLACE YOU HAVE ALWAYS KNOWN
DANOE      PROGRAM-
MES, FANOY DE
SIGNS
Beg.    65c    dozen,    for,
per dozen 30c
Beg.    50c   dozen,   for,
'per dozen 25c
Beg. 40c and 45c dozon,
for, por dozen .... |pc
FOB    THE    WINTER
SEASON—BUT    NOW
-'LAST CHANCE
500 Score Pads," Lily
Auction Bridge tally
pads, all full size; reg.
30c, 35c nnd 40c each.
Now only, each 15c
AUTOMATIC  PENCIL
SHABPENEBS
Beg. *4:50 each,
cial at 	
Spc*
51.50
BONEO PENCIL
SHABPENEB
Beg. $0.00, for JS.75
Complete.
PICTURE POST CABD
MACHINES
$35 and $40 for....)10.00
$18   and   $20   mnchinos
for   $5,00
Machines 'up  to  $10.00
for 13.00
Valuei to $5j for....»2.00
Rich in bargains—poor in profits.  All your heart desires in Books and Station-
,   ,. ery.  You already know this—but the T-I-M-E is getting short.
Sleds
$3.50   Child's
Sleighs, for 11.75
$5.50 Coaster
for »2.75
$2.50 Sleigh $1.25
$4.75 Sled.. 12.16
75c Sleigh for 40c
$6 Coaster.. 13,00
Fint Showing of
Christmaa   Greeting Cards
Seals
Boxes
Cabinets
Stickers
Dont Pay
Regular      prices;
select now.
TOT   GRAB
$1.
Big tables, values
$3.50 to $5.00.
Last
Chance
One only, regular
$30.00
WORLD   OLOBE
large size, for
$13.50
More Books and sensational savings for the Man
who does things.
TECHNICAL   BOOKS
Electric Light Wiring—C.  O. Knox,
$2.75, tor 11.86
Three-phase TransmUBlon-
for	
Armature
tor	
Winding—Arnold,
•Brew,   $3
•2.00
J 4.25
2.80
Snap
One Dick-Edison
PLANOTTPE
No. 1.
Complete  witk
motor   and   type.
Beg. $400 for"
$125.00
HALLOWEEN
CARDS
Rcg| 5c and 10c
4 for 5c
Telephone   Systems  of Europe,  $5.-50
for : T $3.70
Power Distribution for Electric Railroads—Boll, $3.50, for $2.36
Electric      Railway — Cravath-Trow,
$1.25 for      85c
ExpDrimental     Electricity—Whotham,
$2.50 for   $1,70
A. B. O. of tho Telephone—J. E. Yo-
mane, $1.25 for  fc     85c
Electric     Railway     Troubles—Lowe,
$1.50 for $1,00
Electric  Wiring  Diagrams—HarrlBon.
$2.00 for $1.35
Electrical    Industry—A.    6.    Whyte,
90c for     60o
Electrical   Rules  and   Tables—Jamieson, 85c for    80c
Electrical    Wiring   ana   Construction
Tables—HorBtmann     &    Townley,
$1.50 for   $1.00
Modern Wiring Diagrams—Horstmann
& Townley, $1.50 for  $1.00
Electric   Lighting  for   Steamers,   90c
for     Sou
Magneto    Hand    Telephone—Hughes,
$1.25 for     86c
Mill    and    Factory    Wiring—Dovoy.
$1.25 for  1     86o
Electrical   Engineering—Joyce,   $1.50
'or $1.00
International Library  of Technologj-,
each volume $5.00, for  $3.3o
Structural    Steel    Drafting—Conklin,
$2.50 for  $1.70
Linear    Drawing — Davidson,    $1,00
'or     Q__
Drawing  for  Stonemasons—Davidson,
$1.00 for < „    85c
Hints  on  Architectural  Draughtsmanship—Hallatt, 75c for      50c
Elementary   Coarse   In   Pcrsceptlve—
Turrill, $1.50 for  $1.00
Drafting Instruments—Warren,  $1.50
'or   11.00
Handbook of Perspective—Jamea,  $1
'or      65c
Practlcnl   Perspective—Richards-Cnw-
an, 60c for      40c
Engineering    Drawing—Wells,    $1.75
'or  $1.20
Mechanical    Drawing—Guotli,    $1.26
,  'or      85c
Architectural Drawing—R.  P.  Spiers,
$11.50 for   $2.35
Elements   of   General   Crafting—Cnr-
lldge and Freeman, $2.75 for..$1.86
Carpentry   and   Joinery—Trodgold   *
Tarn. $1.25 for     85c
plumbing — W.    P.    Buchan,    $1.25
'or       85c
Iron nnd Steel Bridges, $1.25 for 85c
Hnndralllng and  Stair Building—Col-
HngB, 90c for     60c
Bricks   and  Tiles—Dobson  &  Scarlo,
$1.00 for     65o
Circular Work  in  Carpentry—Ooortio
ColIIngs, 90o for     6Ue
Class    Staining—Gessert    &    From*
berg, 90c for     60c
Practical Brickwork—F. Walker,  flOc
'or      40c
Cnblnetmaklng—Bitmead, 90c for 60c
Brirk    Cutting    and    Setting—Hammond. 60c for      40c
Practical Bricklaying—Hammond, 60c
for     40c
TECHNICAL   BOOKS
Roads  and   Streets—Law  and  Clark.
$2.00 for   $1.35
Superficial      Measurement—Hawking.
$1.25 for.      88c
Masonry    and    Stonccuting—Dobson,
90c for .
Portland Cement forUserB—FaJll. $i
for „        fl50
Modern Vorkshop Practice—Wlntdn;
$1.25 for      86c
Methods and Machinery Used "in Dye-
.. ing, 75c for     j0c
Work—Hah-
60c
Practlcnl    Metal   Plate"
rick, 75c for .
Gold Mining Business!" $8.75'for' $6,85
iionecr   Engineering—Dobson,   $1.75
'or   |i -jg
Water Supply—Mason, i$4.6'6""for $3
i radical    Masonry—Purchase.   $3.00
for  _         |2 QQ
E,Inh Bni* Rock Excavation—Prollnl,
$0.00 for   $4.00
• .nn«n,of LI"»ography—Scnefeider,
$*-00 for   $2.85
Surveying—Whitelaw, $4. for.. $2.66
Woodworking       Machinery,       $a.r,o
„ 'or    $2.35
Furnace Heating—Snow, $2 for $1.35
Tolephoncs and Lightning Conductors,
60c for     40c
Civil  Engineering—Law and Burwell,
$2.25 for  .:....  $lt80
Iron  Bridges  of  Moderate   Span—H ■
W. Pendrea, 75c for      60c
Coach  Building—J. W.  Bungon, 90c
'or .
Tubular Bridges—G. D. Dcmpsey, 90c
_, 'or .:.......  soe
Pioneer Engineering—B, Dobson,
$1.75 for   $1.20
Superficial Measurement—J. Hawking,  $1.25  for       gSo
Circular Work in Carpentry—Col-
lings, 90c for    60c
Fuels, Analysis and Valuation—Philips   75 c for      60c
Held Implements and Machines—J.
Scott, 75c 'nr     60c
Ons Fitting—J. Black, 90c for!!    60c
Wood Engraving—W. N. Brown, SOo
for    S5„
Ventilation—W. P, Buchan,"' $1.25
'or   ggfi
Joints—W. J. Chrlstr.  |"{.as"fnr 85c
Shoring—0. H. Blngrave. 50o for 35c
Constructional Iron snd Steel Work—
P. Campln, $1.25 for      85)
Kills nnd HaJlmaklng—U. Kipping
n°c 'or .x.     goo
Grammar of Coloring—Field nnd Pa-
vidson, nt.no 'or    660
Cabinet   Making—R.     Bitmead,    90«i
„ ■"'*•       60c
House    Painting—E.    A.    Davldoon,
*'-75 'if   M.20
Mining  Calculations—-T,  A.  O'Dona-
hue,   $1.25   for       85c
Minoral     Surveyor's     and     Valuer's
Guide—W. LIntorn, $1.50 for $1.00
Subterranean   Surveying—Fen wick   A
Bnknr, 00c for      60c
Portland   Cement   for   Users—Falla,
$1.00 'or     650
Plastering—W. Kemp, 75c for.... 50a
Science   of   Building—13,   W.   Tarn
„ *}-25 'or      860
Engineering     Drawing—J.     Marstnn,
$1.25 for      860
Locomotive   Engine   Driving—M. Rny.
nolds, $1.25 for  86o
MORE
GRABS
WORLD
BEATERS
10c
2 for 25c
25c, 50c
Tou know tho
valuta
GET A KNIFE
Reg. $1.00
D. B. PEARL
HANDLE
POCKET KNIFE
50c
Reg. *1.25
PEN KNIFE
PEARL HANDLE
50c
60c DOUBLE
BLADE POCKET
KNIVES
25c
IMPERIAL
CLUB
PLAYING
CARDS
Ivory fiinsh; reg.
35c, NOW—
20c
Hurry!   Hurry!   Hurry!
To those who have not been at this great sale we sound the warning, Hurry!
The stock is melting fast, and soon it will be too late.
THE THOMSON STATIONERY STOCK
325 HASTINGS STREET WEST ORIOIAl   FATES   VANOOUVBB
IMDES  ASD  LABOB   OODMOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
ornouL path
nou nsnAT»»
a or uiM I
NINTH YEAR.   No. 41
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 12,1917
(Ii Vuea»M\
OUT. 110*   I
$1.50 PER YEAR
I serve you best
because 1 am your
best protection —
your own girls
made me.
I am Union-made.
Therefore you get
value for your
honestly - earned
money.
I AST
The Carhartt
Overall
Don't be put off
with substitutes,
insist on the genuine Carhartt.
Overalls, Gloves
and Trousers
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
ENTIRE EIGHTH FLOOR WORLD BUILDING
A. R. BAKER
407 HASTINGS STREET WEST
DENTIST
4
0
Hours: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Fbone Seymour 2329 Closed Saturday Afternoons
The Biggest Little Man in Town
is thc Boy who buys his clothing at
CLUBB & STEWARTS
New Suits, Stylish Overcoats and Reefers, Sweater Coats,
English Jerseys, Underwear and Hosiery. Everything in Boys'
wear.  Best quality; prices moderate.
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
309-315 Hastings St. W.
Tel. Sey. 702
DIFFERS WITH HIS
should be allowed to the point when payment ean ba made. The majority report
penaliita the discharged employee as to time.
unless tha time consumed in travelling exceeds half a day. Thia I do not agree with,
aa • discharged employee should be paid on
the spot. The responsibility of producing
the money rests with the employer, and for
this reaaon the employee should not be forced
to do tho employer's errand unless ha receives time tad expenses.
In tht matter of differentiation between ft
foreman and headgangman, the latter appears
to bo saddled with the responsibilities of a
foreman, but receives less pay for doing exactly the same work, except that he may be
one man short of the required number to
make the company designate him as foreman, and of course, as headgangman, he 1>
not prohibited from using tools. This
'•headgenimnn*' apparently ii a device of
the companr for getting certain kinds  of
avoiding payment of the foreman's rate of
to the wire chief
, The clause determining the ratio of apprentices to journeymen wai also very unsatisfactory from tbe men's standpoint, and
!S«I?w,,JoaSr WK? »*-*■«•« *o • eevere
criticism by Ut. Dunham, who presented the
case for the men. He averred that advantage had been taken of the ambiguity in the
wording, at apprentices were hired and put
to work when journeymen were obtainable.
This was not denied, on behalf «f the compsny by the superintendent, who admitted
that an apprentice had been put to work in
spite of the faot that a journeyman of much
?iftr  ■SPffJ™^*   •*?  who   *•*  b«»   *n
charge of this class of work for other con?
eerns, was an applicant for the position, giving as a reason for not hiring the journeyman, that he preferred an apprentice who
was somewhat familiar with the system to a
journeyman who was not. This statement
does not give the reason why the journey-
In the 'coune of hi, writti.dlt^t^'A-S^I'.^M^TlBSS «
E. H. Morrison, Representing Men, Files Strong
Minority Report
Evidence Brought Out Supporting Demands of
Employees
From the standpoint of the Electrical Workeri, the decision of the conciliation board which deliberated over
the Bubject of the differences between
the men and the B. C. Telephone company, was not satisfactory, and E. H.
Morrison, the employees' representative
on the board, made a minority report
VICTOBIA, B. C: 018 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bond.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, P. C.: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17. ,.,,.,
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN     '
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubi, Pot Plant,, Seedi,
Oat Flowen and Funeral Emblem*
Main Store and Begjstered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. O.
48 Hasting, Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Soymour 9013
Dr. W.J. Curry
301 DOMINION BDILDINO
CORNER CAMBIE AHD HASTINOS STREETS
Twenty-five Years' Experience and
Strictly Up-to-date
avoiding payment of the
par. Thia alao applies
clais A and data B.
VANCOUVER,   B. C.
PAINLESS DENTISTRY
SOf course the claim Is absurd and if any man discovers tho secret, instead
spending a fow thousand a year telling people through tbo glaring displays
of the press how "painless" ho Is, he will in fact be compelled to engage a police*
man to ke&p back the crowd.
C Thoro nover was, probably never will be or should be, such a thing as den*
tlstry entirely froo frum pain. Although our modern methods have reduced tbo
discomfort of dental operations wonderfully.
Q Fain Is, nftor all, nature's warning tbat something Is wrong. It is the alarm
sent from the part of tho body affected to tbo head office, the brain, through (ho
nervous system. ,
CI At tho flrst symptom, our duty is to heed tho warning. In fact, don't wait
until your tooth aches, go regularly, and there is very littlo pain if tho correct
methods aro employed.
fl Pain Is our friend; it warns us of danger, and thero corns oo no progress
without it.    Remember that.
Q I onco saw a csrtoon of a Christian Scientist so logically and woll developed
that he had not only overcome "sin, sickness and death," but, unlike all Scion-
fists of this city I have operated on, ho had arisen abovo that "delusion of tbo
mortal mind"  called "pain."
fl Ho bad loaned uu against an extremely hot stove and as the scat of his
pants burned through aud tho hot Iron penetrated the epidermis and adlposo tisstio
which usually covers those well-fed and self-satisfied individuals, and smoke began
to ascend, ho exclaimed: "What in tbe world Is causing that unpleasant smell 1"
ill Fortunately, few peoplo will over arise so high in tho realm of spirituality
as to escape the penally of pain. /
Q    Tho  different  methods  applied to  relievo   the  discomfort   attending    dental ■»
operations will bo dealt    with In later editions of The Federatlonist.    Hut dentistry is, after all, a minor problem.    There are greater ones which must  now bo
solved,    Read my lotter, in this Issue, "Making tho World Hafc for i'lutocracy,"
enc.es with the majority report, Bel
Morrison states. that the increase of
wages awarded by the majority report
does not appear to him to be commensurate with the increased cost of living
as shown by documentary evidence submitted by the employees.
As evidence of the big increase in
the cost of living, the manager of one
of the wholesale departments in one of
the larger stores, was called to give
evidence, and he handed in a list of
staple necessities showing the increased
prices of 1017, as cotnpared with 1913,
to be 76 per cent., in light of which
circumstances, the desired increase of
wages of 25 per cent, was decidedly
moderate.
The complete minority report follows:
In the matter of tbt Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, 1007, and of a dispute
between Tbe British Columbia Telephone
Oompany, Limited, employer and its employees, being switchbosidmen, linemen,
installers, etc.. members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.
To the Honorable T. W. Crothers, K. O.,
Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont.
Dear Sir: Although in accord witb certain
of the findings, I cannot agree with the majority report of the board appointed to Investigate tho dispute between tne British Columbia Telephone Company, Limited, and those
of its employees who are members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.
The company's representative, Air. Oeo.
H, liaise, informed tbe employees tbat It
wus impossible far the company to meet
their demands and continue to conduct the
business on a profitable basis, and on those
grounds he would apply for a Conciliation
Board, but when cited to appear before the
board and produce evidence in support of
this contention, be withdrew the statement,
saying that the company would abide by the
decision of tbo board. The evident' reluctance on the part of the company to substsn-
tlate the plea of "Inability to pay" would
argue that they were quite able to meet the
demands of their employees, and that the
board was not applied for with any intention
of allowing it to conduct the enquiry on
these lines, but for tho purpose of avoiding
a "strike," and alio relieving the company
of any responsibility in determining what
might ba a fair wage scalo and conditions of
employment for Hs employees.
In my opinion, tbe changes in the working
conditions that the -employees wish to obtain
are not onerous, as they affect ln most cases
only linemen and outdoor workers, who do
not comprise above twenty-five per cent, of
tho number of employees governed by this
agreement.
The first clauses to occasion a difference
of opinion were those differentiating between
city and suburban exchanges. The eight-
hour day is, and has been iu force for a number of years in city exchanges; therefore, if
eight hours constitute a day's work in city
exchanges, no logical reason can be advanced that it should not constitute a day's
work for the same class of labor In suburban exchanges, or that employees should be
penalised to the amount of one hour per day
simply becauso their work must of necessity
be done In suburban exchanges,
Tbe question of "two ways on ths company's time" comes under tbls section of
the agreement, and forms ons of tbe demands
made by tho construction linemen and
groundmen, who are practically the only employees suffering through lack of this condition, 1. o., employees working on the* eight-
hour basis to go two ways on company's
time, reporting at such storerooms, main or
branch offices, as tho company may designate
from timo to time. Mr. Halse stated tbat
granting this condition would mean a considerable reduction in the hours of work,
and a consequent loss of efficiency in the
construction department. The mon argued
that the loss of timo would be very slight, as
the company has a number of offices and a
storeroom, all of whicb are centrally located
in various parts of tbe city with regard to
the districts in which the men work, and
also stated that a considerable amount of
hardship was entailed in not having a permanent point at which to report for work.
Tbls condition is granted by the two light
and power companies operating in the city,
any they are both under tbe handicap of
having but one storeroom in the downtown
district, at which tbe men report for work,
and it is my opinion that the British Columbia Telephone company could concede tbls
point without difficulty or undue loss financially.
In dealing with the question of board and
lodging expenses, tbe majority report deems
the provisions made under tba old agreement
to be fair, but I am convinced (hat the opposite view of the case should be taken.
This section of the old agreement allows expenses of board and lodging to certain classes
uf meu when sent away from headquarters,
irrespective of whether the job Is permanent
or temporary, but discriminates with regard
to other classes, inasmuch as expenses of
board and lodging are only allowed to these
when sent away on temporary Jobs. Tbe
classes of men that this section deals unfairly
with are also tbe least able to bear the additional expense, for their employment is
casual and subject to loss of time on eocoint
of inclement weather. Attention must also
be drawji to the fact that these men are seldom sent away from headquarters, except ou
permanent Jobs, thus forcing them in most
cases to bear their own out-of-town expenses, while the men who are allowed expenses at all times when sent away from
headquarters receive the same, or higher
rates of pay and have the additional advantage of bteady employment, not subject to
weather conditions. This clause discriminates in favor of certain classes of labor,
and, therefore, should be amended to give
equal consideration to all.
Tbo noxt point to be disposed of concerns
tbe dismissal or resignation of employees
when away from headquarters, and the majority decided that tbe Insertion of the words
"for Just cause" would safeguard the men
from any injustice, and allow him to bring
his case before the company for adjudication.
Unfortunately this arrangement, while apparently fair, doos not Improve the situation
from the men's point of view. The fact
must bo borne in mind that tho officials of
tho company do not make any Inquiry us to
tbo reason for dismissal of this particular
class of employee, but leave It absolutely to
tbo discretion of tbo foreman, who for this
reasoy, lias unrestricted liberty to discharge
any of hi:*, mun, nnd may do so for reasons
not In any way connected wltb the workman's ability to carry on the company's
work. The clause, If amended on the majority's recommendation, would leave the discharged employee In tho predicament of being compolled to pay his fare back to. head-
Juarters, losing time and money In doing so,
or tho purpobe of discussing whether the
management thought the foreman was justified In discharging bim. Uy suggestion was
to amend tho clause making It read, "Employees affected by this acbtdulo resigning or
dismissed from service after having
been In tho field for thirty days, will be af
lowed transportation to headquarters," which
in my opinion would be fair to both parties.
When a man is discharged while away from
headquarters, he should be paid all money
due bim, and If lack ot sufficient funds pre-
vents tbis, transportation and travelling time
the tvade, even though he had not worked at
the business for some time, could take hold
much more rapidly than an apprentice who
had not mastered the trade. Therefore, it
Is fair to assume that the apprentice was
hired to avoid paying the higher rate of
wages.
The final clause in dispute, excepting the
wage seals, being a demand for the       	
--— •■ or jo ©tier words, "that none, but
 , „—_ _ _..      .Josed
shop." or In other words, "tbnt none but
members of the International Brotherhood
of Eleotrleal Workers be employed for the
During Height of Rowell's
Speech Applauded at
Wrong Time
or jsieotrical Workers be employed for the
various olaises of work specified in section
11."
A strenuous objection to granting tbls
clause was raised by Mr. Halse on behalf of
the company, who said that it would place
the company in the position of compelling
men (who perhaps had '-feonscietious objections") to join the union, or in event of
their refusal, to discharge them, and he
thought the company ought not to be forced
to do this. It wae pointed out by Mr. Dunham that the conditions of employment and
wages these men were enjoying had been
gained through the efforts of union men, who
contributed financially to the upkeep of the
union in order to retain theae benefits, and
that the non-union men were In the position
of "tax dodgers" and shirkers, wbo received
the goodB without paying the freight. He
thought it was the duty of every man to
support the organisation tbat protected bis
interests.
While It may be true that some men bave
"conscientious objections" to belonging to
a union, those "conscientious objections"
do not affect their consciences to such a degree that they refuse to benefit by the increases of pay and better conditions of em*
ployment gained through tbe machinations
of the Baid union.
Another objection put forward by the company was that the "closed shop" principle
would undoubtedly raise considerations foreign to the actual relations between the company and .its employees, for the reason that
it would be dealing with the union as a
whole. If this objection is put forward in
good faith, it has no foundation in fact, because the company has been dealing with the
union as a wools under tbe existing conditions, a.ed these conditions would ln no wise
be altered by putting the "closed shop" in
force. «*-*»
Should the question of Individual or civil
rights be advanced, it msy be argued that
the legal and medical professions have a
"closed shop" of the strictest kind, not
omitting wholesale and ,retan merchants,
manufacturers and other classes of business
men too numerous to mention, who also operate on "closed shop" principles, and no one
questions tbeir right to do so or to prevent
any man from doing business wbo does not
join tbeir association and keep their laws-
It should be mentioned here tbat Mr. Halse
offered to pay 94.80 per day, and put the
"closed shop" In force, but wben the men
pressed for a further Increase In wages he
stated that If they insisted on getting a
higher rate, be would withdraw the "closed
shop," immediately afterwards offering *5
per day without ''closed shop" conditions.
This would suggest that the company dangled
the "closed shop" In front of the employees
to indues tbem to accept a lower rate of
wages, as it does not cost the company a
cent to put the condition In force, and yet
It means a gotd deal to the employeea In
safeguarding their interests; on the other
hand, Mr. Halse was willing to betray the
"conscientious objectors" and tbeir consciences for the sum of 20c per ciem.
For these reasons J must differ with the
majority report in this Instance.
The increase of wages awarded by the
majority report does not appear to me to
be commensurate with the Increased cost of
living as shown by documentary evidence
submitted by the employees. The existing
wage scale was established in 1013, and continued in effect until September, 1015, when
the company, without reference to a board,
or giving statutory notice, made an arbitrary
reduction of twenty-five cents per day in the
wage scale. Tbis reduction was in force for
twelve months, the employees regaining the
seals of 1913 in September, 1010. Tbe Increased cost of living must, therefore, be
calculated over a period of four years, during
whioh time there bas been a steady upward
tendency In the price of staple commodities,
Ibis increase being very marked during the
year 1017. It was particularly noticeable
tbat the increase was heavier on the staples
that form tha bulk of tbe only foodstuffs that
the worklngman in ordinary times can afford to have on his table, and some of these
were put in the clsss of luxuries by the
enormously  inflated  prices.    The  employees
f:ave figures and hsd documentary evidence
n proof of their statements. Tie manager
of tbe wholesale department In one of the
larger stores, wbo was also called in to give
evidence, handed In a list of the staple necessities showing the increased prices of 1017,
as compared with 19111. Figures submitted
showed an increase of about 76 per cent.,
and ft cannot be said that tbe desired increase in wages of twenty-five per cent. Is
immoderate under the circumstances.
For  the  reasons  set  forth  herein,   I  am
onable  to agree with the' award  as  handed
down in the majority report, and recommend
that the employees' demands be granted.
E. H. MORK1SO.V,
Board   member   appointed   on   employees'
recommendation.
Vancouver, B. C,
October 8th, 1017.
Rowell Has Political Ambitions and That Is Why
He Is Warlike
MW. ROWELL, that noted Liberal
of Ontario, who is narrow between
the eyes, delivered an address on military matters before the Canadian club
and at one point made his voloe waver
as they do on (lie stage, but didn't
get it over. Some poor simp in the
audience shouted "Hear! Heart" just
at the wrong point and another unap-
preciative warrior of the Canadian
club whose .mind was on something
else, applauded at the wrong time.
This waa very distressing to Mr.
Rowell. When he speaks, everybody
ought to listen and only applaud when
he gets red in the face (Rowell)
for that means he'is reaching a point
where if he is not stopped by applause
he won't be able to catch his breath
and he'll burst. This information is
given to tbe Canadian club, or any
other audiences which may be compelled; to listen to the ambitious politician
from the east.
The reason Rowell is en tour at this
time is not because of the war, but be*
cause of politics. Rowell figures if
the Borden gang of profiteers can fool
the poople sufficiently, he'll be named
in the "union" government. The
"union" government bait was swung
out into the pond of political ambition some months ago by Borden, Bob
Rogers and that crowd, and there were
a few mouths opened wide for it. Ono
was Rowell's. And Rowell's mouth
has been opened wide ever since. That
he doesn't get a cramp is a wonder.
Howover, be it said for the general
run of the rank and, file, not many fell
for the Borden bait. Doc Mike Clark
did, but then' he isn't always f-st
exactly in the pink of condition, and is
susceptible to bait of one kind and another,
i So now we have Rowell sailing about
the country helping to engineer the
Borden gang back into power and
using the Canadian club, so-called non-
political organisation, for it. But,
worse than using this Canadian institution aB a political vehicle, the Borden
crowd used tlie Imperial Order of the
Daughters of the Empire, through the
agency of Mrs. Qooderham-(Wbrts).
(YeB, tbe wife of old "G. & W.")
One must not blame tho good ladies
for being taken in by the Borden
bunch, but that Rowell should allow
his ambitions to get the better of his
judgment is -rather surprising.
Analyzed, however, the nigger in the
woodpile may be found. It waa not
very long ago that Sir Wilfrid Laurier
was talked of for tho shelf. But that
old statesman didn't agree with such
views at all, and he is Btill at the head
of the procession. Rowell wits onc of
thoso suggested to fill the Laurier
shoes. (Don't laugh, please.) Is* it
because Rowell couldn't make this
grade that he has joined the Borden
oampf
FOBD "NATIONAL SERVIOE"
Canadian Company Nets 82,322,646 on
Tear's Business,
The Canadiun Ford Motor company's
profits were $2,322,046, or one-third of
its capital stock of $7,000,000, in the
fiscal year ended July 3.1, according to
a statement issued at Windsor, Ont.,
this week. This profit, added to the
balance at the end of the preceding
fiscal year, and a rebato in 1015, left
a balance of $2445,139, nftor the payment of $935,443 for 1916 and 1917
war taxes.
Lady ware
Suits and Coats
Are Designed and Man-tailored
on Onr Own Premises—Hade
Here in Vancouver
Every garment boa our own personal
supervision.
Being In eloiett touch wltb tha antral
from which tha Fuhibna emanate we ar*
enabled to offer you drathand choice of tb*
Season'a Newest Model*.
Our showing is complete, It offers a wid*
range of selection is the splendid new fabrics—the smart patterns—the modish colon-
New Style Feature! in
Ladies' Suits-
$20,. $23.90, $25 to $30
Ladies' Coats—
$15, $17.50, $20 to $50
564 Granville Street
Opposite Drysdale's
Where do you get your     *
drugs and household medicines,?
GET acquainted with the Vancouver Drug Co,
the chain of drug stores that stand for
—ABSOLUTELY PURE  DBUOB  AMD  STANDARD  HOUSEHOLD,
REMEDIES
—NO SUBSTITUTION OF INFERIOR OOODS FOR THE OLD AMD
WELL-KNOWN LINES
•A-PROMPT AND RELIABLE SEBVIOE
-OFFERINO ITS SUPPLIES AT TBE LOWEST PRICE AT WHICH
OOODS WHIOH ARE RELIABLE OAN BE SOLD
If tbls is th* class of service yon dealt*, call at onr starts for your drag requirements.  YjOu'U be more than satisfied
VANCOUVER DRUG
CO., LTD.
SIX STORKS  CENTRAL LOCATIONS SUPERIOR SERVICB
80NO Or THB STRIKE.
Tramp, tramp, lrain|il    Can't you hear the
march log feet,
Is the sturdy sons of Lubor coine swinging
duwa the street!
Witb   manly   step   and   biarlng,   and   faces
chining bright,
Tbey  bave   taken   up  the  gauntlet   In   the
battle for the right.
In tbe van are Labor'B hemps who've fought
and shed tbelr blood
To savejuur vaunted freedom being trampled
in tbe mud.
They can bear  their comrndi-B calling,  from
far across tbe sea,
As we fight In France for freedom, fight to
keep our homeland free.
and
We  have   fought   tbe   German   tyrant,
bave written Austrul's inline    -
In Imperishable letters, high upon,the scroll
of fame;
But our blood wax Bj.ilt for nothing and our
sacrifice were vain
If  our own  dear  Innd,  Australia,  is  bound
by serfdom's  chuin.
So   courage,   comrades,   cournge,   stand   together, one and nil,
For united we shall conquer, but divided wt
..hull fall;
And wltb  grim determination see (hat freedom's flag still waves
For the true sons of Australia, never, never,
shall  be slaves,
—RUFUS   (on  strike),
In Australian Worker.
Industrial Casualties.
No less thnn 9,(100 mishaps to workerB have been reported to the Workmen's Compensation board sinco the
new uct came into force nt the beginning of this year. Of that number
8,600 have been disposed of. Accident
ensea come in at the rate of 50 to 75
per day from the industries covered by
the act. *
406 Hastings St. W.
MAIN 8T0BB:
Phones Ser. 1*65 * 1066
BRANOH STORES:
782 OranviUe Street Seymour 7013
2714 OranviUe Street Bay. 2314 * 17440
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
2093 fourth Ave. West Bay. 1S33
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 4t 17330
by Auihomy oi^he Cigsr Mihsfi* International UnTonof Amenc 3
__   * , Union-made Cigars.
VS\   Vhl$(&t.tiilti.1m~tem,ttmtte*atr,'Wamr*^
\*1     swmCROf THC&CMUMtn'iHTlSMTiowiUMOMM *tM*«i. ioa_wotmmit,oWnVtatP
f.K'iSutti^n^
_-S_~X__XS
__3_)
S86
When Buying a Cigar Be* that this UNION Bin* Label Is on th* t>ox
All you expect; all you
hope for—that we promise
you in a Semi-ready Suit or
Overcoat.
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you
will be satisfied with—
We want you to come—to
come and welcome, whether
'tis to buy or but to see.
You'll be pleased and we'll
be glad to show you the new
designs which mark) the
Drift of Fashion.
$15 to $40.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 .Granville St.
Conditions Ever
Changing
The street car service that the public received for
five cents twenty years ago was a very meagre service indeed.
Conditions have changed vastly since then—rides
have become longer, swifter, safer, more costly; bnt
the fare has remained the same or has decreased.
The street railway has bcome a great, living force
in the community* It has recognized the right of its
men to a living wage, It has become part and parcel of the city, supplying the sinews that join the
various working parts.
For this great human service, it is vital to the
people of Vancouver that the street railway should
remain a big, vigorous factor in their life.
But to stunt its growth by refusing to allow it to
change with the changing conditions will mean slow
death, not only to the street railway, but to the
hopes of the people themselves.
You owe a fair consideration of the street railway's problems, not to the street railway, but to
yourself, for the service you are to got in the future.
CfatA9&dMi PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..
...October 12, 1911
lit
tofcliibed ovory Friday morning by th* B.
Federationist, Limited
R. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Lahor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St,
Tel. Exchange Sermour 7496
After 6 p.m.: Soy. 7497K
Bohacription: 81.50 per year; in Vancouvor
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, 81.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
Now Westminster W. Tatca, Box 1021
Prince Rupert.
Viotorla -	
...8. D.
Macdonald, Box 368
S. Wells, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor:   the Hop* of th* World"
FRIDAY October 12, 1917
IT DOES NOT require exceptionally
keen powers of discernment to know
that outside of Russia, there is not
a government on earth that is not at
present as essentially undemocratic and
in every sense
SHOWING as     unscrupu-
WHIOH WAT lously autocrn*
THB WIND BLOWS, tic and tyrannical as was
that of Germany at the time of tho
present outbreak. Russia may bc exempted from the indictment, not because tbe government of that country
is any different from that of tho rest,
but because Russia really is just now a
country without a government. Tho
very fact of rulers and their spokesmen and attorneys sitting -up nights in
order to make the welkin continuously
ring with asseverations of their intense
lovo for democracy and their hatred of
all that is autocratic and Prussian,
manifestly puts them in the class of
those who "do protost too much," so
much so in fact as to afford ample
warrant for very grave doubt of their
bona fides, but not of their hypocrisy.
That the government of Canada is
not to be allowed to carry off the honor
of being tho very vanguard of reaction,
the most determined foe of democracy,
and the most valiant champion of Prussianism upon this western continent, is
even now being prophesied by thoso
who have as yet been considered as
outside the category of "pro-Germans,
slackers, traitors" and otherwise "seditious persons.'' One of the foremost
Progressive Republicans of Wisconsin
is quoted as predicting that efforts will
be made to prevont the holding of congressional elections in the United States
in 1918, although such elections are
fixed by the constitution to bo held in
every even numbered year. This gentlemen opines that the same autocratic
power that has been exercised by the
Eurpoean nations, and boat has been
copied by the precious government of
this Dominion, will be likewise usurped
by the reckless tools of American capitalism tbat now constitutes the government, and meekly obey the ordors emanating from the high priests of finance,
trade and commerce. He says: "There
is «very indication that the fellows
who aro making huge war profits, and
are dodging the burden of war taxation
they should carry, are terribly afraid
of the expression of the mind of the
voters next year. They will prevent an
election if they can. Their cry will be
that there should be no division of publie sentiment on the war program while
our army is in the trenches in Europe,
. and that just as European elections
have been postponed, under constitutional forms, so our congressional election should be put off, regardless of our
own constitution. We did not postpone the congressional elections in 1802
nor in 1864, but they will argue that
we must take no chances with 'disloyalty ahd sedition' this time. It will be
a rare opportunity for the whole antidemocratic movement in this country
to measure its power, and its fear of
the American people."
» .    *      *
Those excuses for the usurpation of a
power that is nothing short of the repudiation of all democracy and the re-
enthronement of that tyranny of which
Prussian militarism is supposed to be
the supreme expression, an infamy that
the "Fathers of the Republic'1 fled
from European shores to escape, will
not Bound new to Canadian ears, for
are they not the selfsame oneB so persistently mouthed by our statesmen at
Ottawa in extenuation of their similar
usurpation of authority! And then why
should we delude ourselves into believing it possible for government to do
anything else'than exercise whatever
power it may be able to command in
order to carry out the purpose of its
beingl What is government but thc
edict of a ruler or a Hiling class! Can
its purpose bo othor than that of governing! If government is the instrument of a ruling class, its purpose can
greater than those which would turn
back the dial. Interesting developments are due upon the political and
economic stage in the United States
within thc next twelve months. We
shall see what we shall soe.
lives of the poople ns actual necessaries,
and the avenues of commerce and trade,
—aro staking their all upon nn appeal
j to "the court of last resort," tho club,
I the gun and even wholesale murder if
Under j nocossnry,  in  order to  maintain   the
a. , ,, --.--*■ r-r—     long-cheriBhcd right of rulers to rule
can have no weight whenever the re- and nn\wn t„ rob, in the days that
quireraonts of rulers call for such ac- arfl to fonow the final collapse of (heir
tion as may not havo been specified Ugo-ldng hypocrisy of democratic pro-
thorein, « that may bo in complete, ,(l|W(. and .financial benevolence.   The
'tl financial humbug in breaking, down.
THE ONE outstanding fact in relation to the outcome of the present war is that capitalism will
emerge from the struggle hopelessly
and irretrievably bankrupt. The continuance of the regi-
TO THE mo of capitalist  ao-
COURT OF oiety that has for so
LAST RESORT, long beon made possible through tho hypocrisy of ruling class democracy and
the pretense of financial jugglery, will
be no longer possiblo. It will bo no
longer possible to maintain that pretense of payment, which has for ages
passed muster for the real thing, and
which has been tho chief soporific that
has held the wealth producers of the
world in stupefaction aad dumb submission to tho impositions and rascalities of those who have ruled and robbed them. Of course, just as wo have
in our poor way frequently attempted
to point ouj^ wealth never was taken
from the producers by nay process of
real paymont, for tho vory simple roason that, ns there never was, is, or can
be anything with which payment could
actually be made, Buch a process would
be utterly impossible. It has always
beon a sham, a mere subterfuge, a ridiculous pretnse. That is was merely a
hiattor of time whon tho financial
gamo of capitalism would disclose itself
as a mathematical impossibility, a juggling with figures for the purpose of
masking and covering up the robbery
of the wealthr producers, roust have
been plain to any one who took the
trouble to givo tho matter careful
thought. As all capitalization, all investment, simply means dobt owed to
capitalist investors by the producers of
wealth, and that such capitalization
and investment continually increases by
the rulo of compound interest, nnd is
subject to no diminution except
through individual bankruptcy and
similar potty calamities, it is inevitable
that the sum of such indebtedness would
eventually reach such a magnitude that
it would be no longer possible to even
meet its interest demands, let alone
continuing tho pretense of its being
nnything but a clumsy subterfuge to
cover <up a crime and sanctify tho criminals. It- should be clear enough to be
grasped by even the weakest intellect
that loafers, idlers nnd parasites in
general, would starve to death if their
living depended upon what tbey paid
for, and that no profit was ever obtained by payment. Profit by that
route is manifestly impossible.
* *      *
The rapidly approaching bankruptcy
of capitalism is boing vociferously heralded by the alarming depreciation of
currency. Tbis is expressed in what is
popularly terhied the "increasing cost
of livjng." Frantic efforts aro being
put forth to check it, but of no avail.
So tremendous has been the financial
strain upon the robbor nations engaged
in the present delectable display of
ruling class fury, that the pleasing pastime of negotiating loans to cover up
tho crime 'under the screen of a legitimate and paying business venture, has
so swollen the total world debt as to
make it impossible to avoid world
bankruptcy. The nearer thc approach
of that final bankruptcy, an approach
that is heralded by tho tremendous inflation of currency (debt) thc moro do
prices rise. In other words, the value
of currency falls. The moro shaky the
debtor becomes, tho greater the discount upon his obligations. All of
which but hastens his final collapse.
That which is true of individuals is also
true of nations, as well aB of capitalist
society as a whole.
* «      ♦,
The president of the Mexican Congress, in an nddress delivered at tbe
opening of that body recently, declared
that "the European wnr is thc result
of tho bankruptcy or capitalism, the
downfall of which had come, and that
out of tho conflict will arise a new nnd
hunjano spirit of justice and equitable
distribution of burdens and rewards in
all countries, large and small." Without being unduly pessimistic, we would
point out the trend of ovents, as we see
thom, Bhaping the course tho ruling
clasB of this westorn world is attempting to follow in order to hang on to
that right of ruling nnd robbing the
wenlth producers which it has so long
and happily enjoyed. Recont happen*
tags in the United Stntes, and perhapB
to a lesser extent and without the same
degree of brazen recklessnoss, right
hero in Cnnada, point with unerring finger to the conclusion, that the groat
dominant interests—those combinations
of capital that control iron, steel, coal,
coppor, lead/ meat, sugar, grnin, trans-'
portntion, and all other of the multitude '    Law Dein6 tne edict of ono man or
of  things  that enter  into  the   daily i8Ct of me» um- aimed nt another or
million men with all of ita necessary
equipment and supplies across thousands of miles of ocean. It is calculated that at least five million tons of
shipping would be required and no nation at tho present time has even a
singlo ton to spare. Wo have previously stated that thero iB more than one
reason why an American army of any
considerable proportions ennnot be
placed in Europe and that is one of
them, If this be the case, then what
purpose lies bohind the creation of the
huge army that is now being built up?
What task is that army to fulfil? There
can be but one answer. It is to be
used for the purpose of holding the
working clasB in aubmission to future
exploitation, when the financial scheme
of ruling class skullduggery and chicanery shall have collapsed in final
bankruptcy and ruin. And universal
capitalist bankruptcy is well within
sight. Tho political and governmental
tools of American capitalism knew
what thoy were called upon to do when
thoy put over the impudent and infamous
conscription of slaves for military purposes. Thoy know then and they know-
now, that tho army thus raised is for
the purposo of holding in check the
revolutionary forcos at home whoso activities aro being forced by the
economic prcssuro of capitulist exploitation now, and will bo tremendously
acelerated as the bankruptcy of capitalism becomes more imminent. The
only salvation for tho rulors and robbers of all lands in the last analysis
reBts in a poworful and obedient military machine, that will tie available at
any moment to crush rebellion and
smother revolt, at word of command.
Unless American capitalism can build
that machine and have it properly
doped with tho duty of fulfilling its
task, no matter how great the butchery, before the European holocaust
ends through collapso of tho Teuton
empires, American capitalism will go
down in the general collapse of capitalist society. That is the undoubted
reason for the reckless haste that is
manifested bj* the powers that be to
create a "national army."
A workingman arrested as an alleged
I. W. W. member over in the United
States recently, was found to be in possession of a $3000 bank account. As it
is well-known that no ono could honestly come into possession of such tt sum
in the United States, no further evidence should be required to prove the
arrested one guilty of being financed by
Hun money.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Oct. li-Stage Employees', Musicians.
MONDAY, Oct. 15—Machinists',
No. 720; Boilermakers, Electrical Workers, Steam Engineers, Tailors Executive.
TUESDAY,' Oct. 16—Butchors'
and Moat Cutters', Railway
Firemen, Amalgamated Carpenters', Bookbinders', Retail
Clerks'.
WEDNESDAY, Oct, 17—Metal
Tradea Council, Plasterers',
Teahisters' and Chauffeurs',
Brewery Workers'.
THURSDAY, Oct. 13—Trades
and Labor Council, Maintenance of Wayraen.
FRIDAY, Oct. 19—Railway Carmen, Granite Cutters', Civic
Employees', Molders', Pile
Drivers' and Wooden Bridge-
builders.
SATURDAY, Oct. 20—Bakers',
Blacksmiths'.
The date of the Dominion eleetion
has not yet beon fixed. To all of those
anxious ones who are pestering us with'
enquiries in reference to the matter,
we can only advise patience. It should
not be forgotten that the matter of
carrying out thc provisions of the
"War-Time Election Act" so as to
make it safe for Borden, cannot bo done
in a moment. Bo patient, dear brethren, be patient. "Safety first" is the
Borden motto.
While government emmissaries are
so infernally busy apprehending traitors
and otherwise seditious persons among
workers and similar impecunious persons, it would seem, in the light of disclosures that are being frequently
made, that, they are wasting time. As
far aB these disclosures go it appears
that the traitors are confined to the
business and diplomatic world. And
it seems to ub that is as it should be,
for is not business and diplomacy the
very science of knavery? The common
peoplo of tho world are so busy trying to make a living in spite of that
knavery, that they have little or no
time to indulge in sedition or play the
traitor. And besides this, there iB
nothing on earth that they could play
thc. traitor to, except themselves and
their class.
And now cometh forth the men of
vast knowledge who dogmatically assure 'us thut at least five tons of shipping will be rcsquired for every soldier
placed in France by the United Statea.
A million men will thus requiro five
million tons of shipping in continuous
service in order to get them there and
keep them supplied with the requisites
to pursue their noble calling. When
we once begin to realize what a simple
matter it is to cross thousnnds of miles
of ocean with a military force of sufficient magnitude to scare a setting hen
off ber nest, wo shudder with fright at
tho torrible danger that menaces this
continent in the shape of the wicked
kaiser and his bloodthirsty minions of
middle Europe. After he has licked the
rest of Europe, he will come over here
the next day and lick -us. A full realization of this terrible menace should be
quite sufficient to scare all sensible persons plumb stiff with natriotism.
bray, "we will stand true to democracy
and justice. We will balk whenever we
feel so inclined, though the heavens
fall." These worthies could pull off a
defi stunt that would make that of
Ajax defying the lightning look like
the clumsy effort of-a Canadian price-
fixer, in comparison.
films of "Damaged Goods" as head of
a lecture corps to the American army.
On reliable authority, I am told that
American women, becauso they have
dared demand thoir political freedom,
are held in vile conditions in the workhouse in Washington, are compelled to
paint the negroes' dormitories and toilets for eight hours a day, are denied decent food, and denied communication
with counsel. Why should I work for
democracy in Europe when our American women are denied democracy at
homeT^ If I am to fight for social hygiene in France, why not begin at the
Occuquan workhouse?"
Most striking proof of the lowered
morale of the German troops has been
shown in the recent fighting around
Poelcapelle. The British oasily ejected
them from a brewery.
It is estimated that the Bethlehem
Steol Corporation will havo $31,600,000
available for dividends for the year
1917. This will amount to $105 per
share on the preferred stock of the
company. What nobler, loftier motive
could any democrat have than that of
butchering Germans in defenso of that!
only be that of determining and direct- ,0 .
ing the conduct and activities of those the gun and even wholesale murd
over whom rule is exercised.    Undo-
such circumstances "scraps of paper
contradistinction to the provisions
thereof. Germany tore up such a
"scrap of paper," in the case of Belgium. Every government involved in
tho present melee, whether upon the
< side nobly battling for "democracy"
of upon that which is Inhumanly fight*
ing for Prussianism, hns with equal
aplomb scrapped every paper assurance : t)_
and promise of democracy and decency'
that Btood in the way of the realization
of its aims, whatcvor ttiose alms may
have been. We may confidently expect
tho government of (he United States to
do equally well in the noble and uplifting struggle to "make the world safe
for democracy." We nccfl not bo surprised if the prognostications of the
aforesaid Progressive Republican should
come true, and thc brazenly undemocratic coterie of politicians now in control at Washington go the limit in
carrying out the reactionary demands
of the baneful interests that now dominate the political and economic lifo of
the republic. The present government
is tho instrument of those intorests, and
is loyally carrying out the reactionary
program, that is well calculated to
destroy the hopes of democracy and
buttress and bulwark American capitalism with a Prussian military regime
that will make that of thc now half-
licked kaiser look liko a war-time thirty
cents in comparison. And every reactionary influence in tbo land, not forgetting that of the Samuel "Gompers A.
F. of L. machine, ia right ably assisting in tho noble work. There are bIbo
signs apoparing upon tho horizon that
indicato that it is not going to be an
easy job. Thore is m'uch to show that
tho progressive and decent elomentB
among the population aro boing brought
together in ono common struggle
against the cotomon foe. And the powers that make for progress are even
The fallacy of buying and selling, of
owing and paying, is being made plain
to nil who care to see, and the possibility of longer ruling uiul robbing by
l&gnl flimflam and financial protonso i*;
being exposed as the rankest humbug
ever perpetrated upon a gullible world
■" slavos. In' sheer desperation the
powers thnt; be nre compelled to full
back upon the military establishment to
hold the slnves of production in continued subjection to the robbery and
rapine that rulers have indicted upon
them for the Inst ten thousand years.
And with soulful protestations of patriotism—which hns been defined as the
"last refuge of scoundrels"—nnd a lip-
love for democracy and liberty without
a parallel in history, they nro stabbing
that democracy in tho back and crucifying liberty upon a cross of shameless
hypocrisy and vulgar sophistry that
should make thc German kaiser turn
groon with envy. '
*,'"*■■#
Nations hnve been forced along the
line of progress towards more democratic and liberal policies in governmont,
and have then reverted again by slow
stages to tho tyrannies from which they
had escaped. But there is no caso iu
history whero such a reckless effort has
ever been put forth by a ruling class to
brazenly repudiate and with swift stroke
destroy all thc hard won liberties of a
people and wipe out privileges nnd
supposed rights thnt had boen long established, as is now boing staged in tho
United States.
*       »       *
It is well-known that it is beyond
tho power of any country on earth, under tho presont conditions of tonnage
and sen safety, to move an army of a
others, why should it be tbe duty of
those at whom the law is aitaed, to
obey it? Of course, if evory sucker
on earth can be doped into the belief
thnt thc law is something sacred, and
which it is his divine mission and bound-
en duty to scrupulously obey, thoso who
live by working suckers, huve little or
no cause to complain. It might bc
permissible to mention that all progress has been measured by tho repudiation and violation of law. The purpose of nil man-made law is to pro-
vent, progress, rather than to speed it
along. It sometimes seems to us that
it is tho supreme duty of every one
fit to be called a man, to persistently
refuse to obey any and all law that
rulers and of her thieves and robbers
mny negotiate Was it Thomas Jefferson who said that "thoy nre best governed who are governed least"? Is
there any merit in such n contention?
It is up to the reader to determine
When the People's Council for Democracy and Peace was organized iu
New York, among the taany labor
unions to pledge their support to the
movement were the unions of Minneapolis. These unions took active part in
making preparations for the convention, by electing delegates to attend
and participate in its deliberations. Not
one Minenapolis union has yet endorsed
Mr. Gompers' Alliance for Labor and
Democracy. They all refused to aend
delegates to its convention, which was
held in their own city. As this precious
"Alliance" was instituted by Gompers for the express purpose of combatting the People's Council movement,in
the interest of the democratic administration at Washington, it rather looks
as though hiB cheap though zealous efforts to play Wilson politics aro not
meeting with undivided support a.-nong
the A. F. of L. membership. It is
about time that some policy less purblind than that of reaction became the
policy of the American Federation of
Labor. It is high timo that its leaders
and spokesmon were actuated by some
loftier motive than that of intriguing
and stool pigeoning for the low political
ambitions of the interests in human society that live and thrive only by battening and fattening upon an enslaved
aud deceived working class.
After enumerating the numerous instances that have recently occurred
where soldiers have beon used to break
strikes and have used themselves for
the noble purpose of breaking 'up public
meetings of decent people, Samuel
Gompers ponderously asks in the American Federationist: "By what warrant
do these things hnppen?" "These
things happen" by warrant of hulnan
slavery. Tho soldier and the worker i
are both slaves. They came upon the
stage of human events together, the
former to hold the latter in subjection
to the common master of both. The
only difference between them is that
the latter works for the master for nothing, while the former holds him to
the job for the same price. The one
wears the uniform of toil (overalls),
the other of slaughter (the military).
The property rights of the masters in
their bodies admits of their being used
at either occupation at the whim or caprice of those masters. Sometimes they
are conscripted by their masters, and
at other times they are allowed to conscript themselves. In either case their
democracy is unquestioned, and is held
by both masters and slaves to be among
the most valuable and sacred of earthly
possessions. Though the method of
skinning slaves has undergone numerous changes in outward appearance during the past, slavery is still with us in
the wage form, the very highest
achievement in the noble art. The
method and means of holding slaves to
thoir tasks and inculcating them with
due reverence for the law and proper
respect for thc property rights of their
masters in their hides and carcasses, is
the same today that it was in those
primitive days when the soldier cleft
the wooden headpiece of the slave with
the festive battlenx and let light into
his darkened "innards" with the compelling pike thrust. Tho bayonet, the
machine gun and plenty of willing
Blaves to wield them ,ought to bo sufficient "warrant" to satisfy even Mr.
Gompers, more especially aincc he has
never yet been known to offer objection to wage slavery or thc means
(government) whereby it is justified
and maintained.
It is with profound grief that we are
called upon to chronicle the sad fact,
or rather two sad facts, that C. P. R.
"gross earnings" for the week ending Sept. 30 show a decrease of $124,-
000 as compared with the corresponding period of 1916, and the "gross
earnings" of the C. N. R. show a decrease of $98,000 for the week ending
Oct. 7, as compared with the same week
in 1916. A couple of tag days would
now bo in order.
A mutiny in the German navy is
acclaimed wi th noisy glee by our
worthy capitalist press. Indications of
war weariness among-tho kaiser's soldiers are joyously headlined to a fare*
you-woll. Peace efforts by German
socialists are applauded to the echo.
But let the humblest civilian of our
own blessed land dare but feebly whimper a preference for peace and give
voice to even tho mildest of protest
against tho horrors and barbarities of
glorious war, and the wnole dirty pack
will pounce upon him with those stereotyped denunciations and accusations of
"treason, disloyalty, sedition, pro-Germanism, slacker," etc., ad libitum, ad
pukem. But as phonographs aro not
endowed with tho virtue of consistency
and are 'utterly incapable of giving
voice to either sentiment or concept
that haB not boen machine-made and
duly commercialized, what other intellectual display could be reasonably expected!
It was fondly hoped by all of our
uplifters that with the passing of the
whiskey mill there would be no more
intoxication in tho land. But it is not
even so. Tho efferves*en«e of an exuberant joy hath gone to the heads of
numerous B. C. employers and they are
now cavorting around in a veritable
delirium of delight, such as it was impossible to jag a man up with in the
days when the devil reigned on earth
and shot hell full of subjects via the
rum route. Listen to this from the
drunkenly delirious lips of Mr. F. W.
Adolph, head of the groat lumber mills
at Bnynes Lake, B. O,: "Prohibition
will mean 20 per cent, increased efficiency among our men." No wonder
the yery thought of it made him drunk
with joy. The wages of the men have
not been raised.' They remain strictly
sober and it is hoped in reflective mood.
BIRKS'
Engagement
Rings
Thoro is but ono   quality   in   BIRKS*   DIAMONDS—the
highest procurable.   Size alone determines their value.
BIEKS' DIAMONDS, boing bought direct for tho Ave Birks'
Stores, are sold at very advantageous prices.
Platinum sit diamond lings at «2B, $30, 435, $40,
$50, $76, and up. We ate glad ta show you out rings,
whether a purchase is Intended or not,
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir. Granville Street
The American Federation of Labor
headB arc now becoming alarmed, seriously alarmed. They arc fearing that
tho government attack upon tho I. W.
W. will lead up to the destruction of
"the right to strike during the wnr."
As that is the only right the workors
have, or ever did have, except the generally conceded right, to mnke d d
fools of themselves, individually, collectively, officially and otherwise, small
wonder that their gallant leaders and
officials nro disturbed "over the possibility of being deprived of so vnlued a
right as thc right to balk. But, as The
Federationist hath frequently pointed
out, the right to Btrike—to balk—is an
itialicnablo right, Thnt is it cannot be
taken nwny. It can no more bo taken
away from a two-logged working animal than it can from onc with four or
oven more legs. The A. F. of L. officials should remain calm. They should
not get excited. In common with the :
horse, thc ass and the mute, human;
slaves' rights are as secure as thc rock j
nf ages. They can balk when they will.
No government can take that right
away. In ao fnr as that right is concerned, horse, ass, mule and biped slave
may stand upon hind logs erect and
proclaim   in   thunderous   whinny   and
'No more shipments of Canadian
bacon to United Kingdom," reads a
headline in a local daily. Which is
something astounding; And here the
good Borden government had bulled the
people! of Canada into the belief that
we were fnced with a shortage of bacon. Aud Canada already hus her
"baconlcss" day, in fact this regulation, "in the interests of tho win-the-
war movement," hits been in effect a
couple of weeks. Sir Joseph Flavelle,
the bacon-hog, whose company cleared
fivo million dollars in a year or so,
since thc war commenced, no doubt is
hnving restless nights now. Ah well,
Joe, you should worry—you and your
millions. Worse than it all, however,
is thc opinion a wholesaler expresses:
"This should mean much lower prices
in Canada." Will it! The people ahall
seo.
The United States may not be conquered by Prussian militarism and autocracy, but judging frotoi the educational campaign being put up by tho
press, pulpit, platform and every other
governmental agency of the ruling class
for the purposo of "inspiring each citizen to play intelligently his part in the
greatest and most vital struggle ever
undertaken by self-governing nations,"
according to President Wilson, we may
in time arrive at a thorough understanding of how th« German people
were so completely doped into blind
obedience and d'jll docility by their
governmental masters, as to be used as
uncomplaining pawns in tho gamo of
blood and slaughter that now delights
the ruling class world. It is not
reasonable to presume that what the
German autocratic rulers accomplished
in the way of educating thoir slaves in
forty years, cannot be accomplished
with equal thoroughness by the same
type of rulers in the United States or
any other it-iB-to-snicker democracy on
earth. President Wilson has approved
a plan for a nation-wide platform campaign of tremendous proportions to aid
in carrying on the glorious educational
work, along true Prussian lines. The
kaiser is to be congratulated upon the
spread of his "kultur" to the hitherto
backward and unkultured regions of tho
earth. Though personally licked ho
may be, nevertheless his most glorious
cause comes forth from the conflict triumphant and the reign of Mars encompasses the earth with its compelling
glory and sweet benoficence.
THANATOPSISi A VIEW OP DEATH
[Willlsm Cullon Bryant]
(Written when the poet w»8 but 18 yeara old)
To him who, in the love of Nature,
holds communion with her visible
fortas, she speaks a various language:
for her gayer hours, she haB a voice of
gladness, and a smile, and eloquence
of beauty; as she glides into hiB darker musings, with a mild and gentle
sympathy, that steals away their sharpness ere he is aware. When thoughts
of the last bitter hour come like a
blight ovor thy spirit; and sad images
of tho stern agony, and shroud, and
pall, and breathless darknesB, and the
narrow house, make theo to shudder
and grow sick at heart; go forth under
the open sky, and Ust to Nature's
teachings; while from all around,—
earth, and her waters, and the depths
of air,—comes a still voice:
"Yet a few days, and thou the all-
beholding sun shall see no more in all
his course; nor yet in the cold ground,
where thy pale form was laid with
many tears, nor in the embrace of
ocean, shall exist thy image. Earth,
that nourished *thoe, shall claim thy
growth to be resolved to earth again;
and, lost each human trace, surrendering up thine individual being, thou
shalt go to mix forever with the elements; to bo a brother to thc insensible rock; and to the sluggish clod,
which thc rude swain turns with his
share and treads upon, Tho onk shall
send his roots abroad, and pierce thy
mould.
"Yet not to thine eternal resting
placo shalt thou retire alone, nor could
thou wish couch more magnificent. Thou
shalt lio down with patriarchs of tho
infant world—with kings—me powerful of tho earth—tho wise—tho good;
—fair forms—and b«ary seers of ages
past; all in ono mighty sepulchre. The
hills, rock-ribbed, and ancient as the
sun; the vales, stretching in pensive
quietness between; the venerable woods;
rivers, that move in majosty; and thc
complaining brooks, that make the
meadows green; and, poured round all,
old ocean's grey and melancholy wasto,
—are but the solemn decorations of the
great tomb of man. The golden sun,
tho planots; all the infinite host of
heaven, are shining on the sad abodes
of Death, through the still lapse of
ages. All that tread the globe are but
a handful, to tho tribes that slumber
in its bosom. Take tho wings of morning, and the Barcan desert pierce; or
lose thyself in tho continuous woods
where rolls the Oregon, and hears no
sound save his own dashings—yet tho
dead arc thero; nnd millions, in those
solitudes, Bince first tho flight of yenrs
began, have laid them down in their
last sleep:—tho dead reign there nlono!
So shalt thou rest:—aad what if thou
shalt fall unnoticed by tho living; and
no friend take not of thy departure?
All that breathe will aharo thy destiny. The gay will laugh when thou
art gone; tho solemn brood of care
plod on; and each one, as before, will
chase his favorite phantom; yot all
those shall leavo their mirth and their
employments, and shaft come and mako
their bed with thoe. As.the long train.
of ages glides away, tho sons of men, j
—the youth in life's green Bpring, and
he who goes in the rail strength * oi
yoars; matron and maid; the bowed
with age; the infant in the smiles and
beauty of its innocent life cut off,—
shall one by one, be gathered to thy
Bide, by thoso who, in their turn, shall
follow them,
"So live, that,—whon thy summon*
comes to join the innumerable oaravans
that move td the pale realms of Shade,
where eaeh shall tako his ohamber in
the silent halls of Death,—thou go,
not like the quarry-slave at night,
scourged to his dungeon; but, sustained
and soothed by an unfaltering trust,
approach thy grave like one who wraps
the drapery of his couch about him,
and lies down to pleasant dreams."
How fortunate it is that tho Bussian
revolutionists have not beon so foolish
as to put overy law book and the contents of every house of records to the
torch, for in that case the interests
that make for the counter-revolution,
would no longor havo anything to hang
a hopo on. Goe, but it is a piece of
prime luck for the bourgeoisie.   It sure
J, Edward Burs     Ottos: Ssy. Hit
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For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
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EiUbUlhed In 1838
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NEW TORE, SAN FRANCISCO AND
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Richard Bennett, the noted actor, wns
requested hy the secretary of war at
Washington to go to Prance as the
head of a lecture corps whioh is to try
and scare American soldiers into Bocial
hygiene and sex purity by lecturing on
that illm of lies and hypocrisy known
ns "Dnmngod Goods." This scheme to
induce human beings to sexual cleanliness by means of scare-mongering and
lying "frightfulness" is first cousin to
that age-long schchio whereby sinners
aro supposed to be frightened into ways
of righteousness -by verbal pictures of
an imaginary hell peopled with innumerable impossible horrors. Needless
to nny that "Damaged Goods" does not
portray tho fact that venereal diseases
nre legitimate products of commercialism ond may be accounted among its
chiof and most notable virtues. The
reply sent to Secretary Baker by Mr.
Bennett was as follows: "I have been
asked to go personally to Fraiee with |
"Is the pope n pacifist and traitor,
nnd in thc pay of Germany becauso he
is attempting to inaugurate peace? No;
he is not. He is a good, kind, benevolent, humane, broad-minded, gracious,
Christian gentleman," says tho Cleveland Citizen, Quito true; quite true.
Neither ore those 50,000 persons who
met the othor day at Fnuikfort-on-the-
main, in Germany, in a mighty protest
against this brutal war and an emphatic
demand fnr pence, dangerous pacifists,
miserable "slackers," base traitors, or
damned apostles of "sedition." They
are merely good and sensible Germans
who are no longer hoodwinked by the
machinations of the brutal Prussian
war lords and made drunk with patriotic fervor as a result of the flamboyant
appeals to their passions and their prejudice^ that have been made by their
rulers and their agents and lickspittles,
to lead them to believe tbat this war
was beiog fought to preserve their liberties and defend the fatherland from
enemies outside. Having thus become
sane, their conduct in demanding peace
is commendable in the extreme. It is
only in the countries of tho entente
that a person who prefers peace to war
is, per se, a dangerous pacifist, a traitor,
a "slacker," and guilty of "sedition,"
And there it is the bounden duty of all
loyal, warlike, intelligent, brave and
brilliant persons to bark at tho heela
of such contemptible creatures and unconscionable rogues, or whnt is better
still, throw stones at thehi. By so doing they most emphatically affirm their
own moral, intellectual and patriotic
superiority in a manner most dignified
and convincing indeed. And thus are
thc pacifist weaklings, traitorous rogues,
cowardly "slackers" and seditious rascals, duly and deservedly confused and
confounded to the great delight of all
true patriots of the month, and to the
everlasting glory of this most ethical |
age. |
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
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Interest allowed on Savings deposits.
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FRIDAY...
...October 12, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FTVE
Only once in a
lifetime do you
have the opportunity of such a
picture-play as
SESSUE
Hahakawa
—in—
"Hashimura
Togo"
Japanese School Boy,   from the
famous story of the same name
by WALLACE IRWIN.
Dearest Sir:
Mr. Boss got great Wallace
Irwin picture alio sameo Japanese schoolboy from Sat. Eve.
Post and Oood Housekeeping for
next week. Hoping you are the
same,
Yours truly,
"Hashimura Togo."
P.S.: I make lovo liko anything.
MON., TUBS., WED. and THURS.
GLOBE
The Broadway
Corner MAIN and BBOAPWAY
For Friday and Saturday
This Week
Alice Brady
—IN—
"The Hungry Heart"
Monday and Tuesday
Doris Kenyon
-IN-
'The Great White Trail'
Wednesday and Thursday
Blanche Sweet
—IN—
"The Silent Partner"
and  "THE OBEAT SEOBET"
BROADWAY
Popular Prices
Main and Broadway
Empress
Theatre
WEEK OF OCT. 15.
Presenting New York's
greatest  success
"The House
of Glass"
Better than
"Tbe Common Clay"
PRICES:
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
From the Front Trenches
********        *******        *******
Of Tyranny's Armageddon
With Democracy Rampant While
Autocracy Shudders Guiltily in the
 background-	
That a peace meeting, undoubtedly
instigated by the kaiser and financed
by German money, was valiantly routed and its traitorous purpose frustrated
by the heroic defenders of democracy
and the rights of small nations, is
shown in the following telegram to the
Seattle Dally Calls
"Los Angeles.—Start oast tomorrow.
Wondorful conference. Bishop Paul
Jones, Utahj (Bev.) Bobert Whltaker,
Baptist! (Bev.) Koyd Harding, M.E.;
(Bev.) Harold Storey, quakcr, arrested
but released on ball. Trial Nov. 14.
Attorneys Senator WorkB and Judge
Bycktaan; conference continuing in
private homes like primitive Christianity.   All well.
(Signed) SYDNEY STBONO.
•*■■< ■
Just as s<Son as it became known that
Dr. Sydney Strong of Seattlo, had attended and addressed a peace meeting
at Los Angeles, the Municipal League,
of the former city and of which he is
a member, took immediate steps to expel him The Daily Call says the league
is "a local silk stocking organization
of the little brothers and cousins of the
capitalist exploiters." The wicked Dr.
who evidently is afleoted with a
shameloss preference for peace, instead
of a commendable and patriotically
worthy thirst for blood and gore by
proxy, however, has been invited to
oome to Chicago as tho principal speaker at the big open meeting (to tho
genoral public) next Sunday afternoon,
to be held by tho National Council of
Congregational Churches of Amorica.
Undoubtedly the heroic trench fighters
for detaocracy will take advantago of
the splendid opportunity to round up
the seditious Dr. Strong and many
more of his wicked co-workers in the
causo of autocracy against Wilsonian
democracy, that will be thus afforded.
Tho Milwaukee Leader, the dally
socialist paper of that city, has boen
debarred from the U. 8. mails. The
Leader is one of the cleanest and most
unimpassioaed critics of the V. S. government and its more than questionable
war policy, that has come to this office. Wo have read every copy of it
for many months and havo nover yet
found a lino of criticism in it that
could hnvo painfully pierced a
hide that had not boen made unduly
tender through consciousness of guilt.
That the Leader has been denied the
U. S.'mails Ib ample proof that lta policy has not been dictated by any approving consideration for the reactionary and baneful attitude assumed by
tho government and whloh it is blatantly
attempting to cover up in the name of
"domocracy." Many crimes may have
boon committed in Liberty's namo, but
a thousand times as many are being
perpetrated each day, during theso
parlous times, in tho name of democracy.
Tho Provost Marshal Goneral has
sent tho following telegram to the
governors of all States:
"A roward of $50 is payable for
the delivery at the nearest army
camp or post of a dosortor. This reward is in full satisfaction of all expenses incurred in said delivery.
"A person who falls to report to
his local board for military serivco
at the time specified in his order to
report is a deserter.
"A person who fails to report'for
military service to the adjutant general of tho state by the date specified
in the order of the adjutant genoral
to said persons is a deserter.
"It is highly desirable from every
standpoint that an effort now bo
made to round up all persons who aro
delinquent in reporting for military
Bervice. It is thought that if tho
fact of the reward is given tho
widest publicity we shall have a
great force of police officers and even
of individuals interested in bringing
such delinquents under miltary control.
"If, after auch persona arc
brought to a military authority, it
appears to    the   military authority
that their delinquency is not wilful
they will be forwarded to a mobilization camp and their local board will
bo given credit.   If it appeara that
the delinquency was wilful they will
be prosecuted beforo court-martial as
deserters.   In eithor caso tho reward
is payable."
The abovie from tho U. S. Official
Bulletin of September 28 speaks for itself.   This opens up a no doubt lucrative field for exploitation by all patriots and otherwise deserving persons
whose sole ambition is to do their bit
for their country without endangering
their own precious skins.   By judicious
effort along the line suggosted, thoy
may patriotically kill two birds with
the ono stono, as it wore.   By acting
as agenta of the press gang and rounding up thoso weak mortals who would
rather live in peace with their kind
than to ihibruo their hands in their
brother's blood they can not only "do
their bit"   by   securing much-neded
cannon fodder   for   a glorious cause,
but with the money so earned they
can purchase liberty bonds and thus
help pay for the cannon.   This would
be a far safer way   to   servo one'a
country than to go into the trenches
and no one could reasonably hold that
the reward offered for bo despicable
a service is not an ample one.   In tho.   Tailors'—H. Outterldge.   A. R. Gatenbj-,
-> _ .a..... -. .. .. *   *       T»      1*1.......«».
OFFICIAL   LIST  OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNCIL  MEETING
Attendance Boll Prepared by Statistician Fred. Knowles of Central
Labor Body.
I. L. A. Auxiliary-*-!.-! delegates.
Bricklayers'-*-W. Pipea,   W.   Dagnall,   P.
V*BuW—S. H. Orant, C. E. Hurltt.
Bartenders'—J. A. Smith, W. Mottlsha*.
F. A. Taylor, H. Davis.
Bookbinders'—H. Perry.
Brewery Workers'—J. Pike.
Boilermakers'—J. McAnUch, W. Marshall.
Structural Ironworkers —R. Massecar.
Cigar Makera'—A. P. Tietscn, O. F.
Swart., 0. Ernst, J. Walters.
Civic Employeea'—V..R. Mldgley, G. A.
Harrison, J. McFarlane.
Cooks' and Walters'—A. Orabam, Miss
aiashoff, W. Mackensle.
Brotherhood ol Carpenters—J. R. Campbell, W. Thomas, A. MoDonald, G. H. Hardy,
J. R- Copping.
Amal. Carpentera'—J* G. Smith, R. Edmonds, R. McCormack.
Civic Firemen—H. IJteen, W. lta.
I. A. M., Mo. 77T—H. Fleming, H. E.
Edney.
Letter Carriers'—F. Knowles, J. Dodd, R.
Wight, N. Barlow.    ' _
Longshoremen—J. Kavanaugb, A. Tree. G.
Thomas,
Machinists'—J. H. McVety, A. R. Towler,
W. M. Hawthorne.
Moving Picture Operators'—E. T. Holds.
worth.
Molders'—J. Dickenson.
Printing Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers'—No delegates.
Paatern Makers'—No delegates.
Painters' and Decorators'—R. Bryoe, D.
Hughes,
Press Assistants'—G. Huddlestone.
Pile Drivers'—W. F. Ironsides, M. Nash,
delegates.
■No delegates.
-No delegL.__.
Employees'—Cottrell,
SSCUTABIES   or  TRADES   AND
LABOB OOUSOILS Bt CANADA
PANTAGES
—Next Week—
lha World's Phjchlc Marvel
MERCEDES
AMP MLLB. ST&NTONE
—Othtr Features—
IfanfiMI, 16c wd 850     Ni|Ml, 20c tad S00
—rEDEEATIONIST PHONE—
BBT.WB
ACTUS 8 p.m.—SET. 7497K
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Trades ud Libor Council—Secretary, 7. JIcKennt, Watt avione.
Nelson Trades and Lsbor Council—F. Peseril,
Box 674.
Now Westminster Tradee snd Labor Council
—W. Ystes, Box 1021.
Prince Bupert Tredei ud Lsbor Council—
Geo. Waddell, Box 4S2,
ReveUtoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker,  Box 284.
Trail  Tradea  and  Lsbor Council—S.  Oor,
Box a,
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Boom 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria Trades and Labor Counoll—Ben
Simmons, Box 803.
Alberta.
Calgary Trades and Labor Council—J.   E.
Young, 228  Eleventh Avenue Eut.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A.
Farmilo. Box 1498.
Lethbridge  Tradea  and Lsbor Council—H.
Morris,  641—12th St. A.  Nth.
Medicine Eat Trades snd Lsbor Council,—
Jas. Mcintosh, 217—6th Ave. S. E.
Saskatchewan,
Moose Jaw Tradss and Labor Council—B.
H, Chadwick, Bu 1817.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—-B.
Heseltlne, 8228 Riverside Are.
Begina Trades   and Lsbor Council—C.  W.
Walker, Labor Temple, Oiler St.
Saskatoon Trades and Lsbor Counoil—Wm.
Snclgrove, Box 822,
-Seer.,
Plsnterera'—No delegates.
"No deleft* t
Rly. Mail Clerks'—No delegates.
Retail Clerks'-
days of chattel Blavery in the southern
statos, rewards were frequently offered
for the apprehension and return of
runaway ''niggers," but the rulerB of
those times wero not so completely
lost to all sense of shame as to profess
that they were acting in tho name of
democracy. It has been loft for an
all-world-conquering Prussianism to descend to that level, a level that can
be attained by no other code or for*
mula of human baseness.
Street      Railway
Hubble, Kermode,
Sheet Metal Workers'—A. J. Crawford, J.
W. Friend.
Sailors'—W. 8. Burns.
Shoe Workers'—A, Collldge.
Stnge Employees'—A. K. Harrington.
Ship Laborers'—M. Phelps, G. A. Kilpatrick, H. Winger.
Steam Engineers'—J. O'Nell,   D. Hodges,
W. Alexander, F. L. Hunt, W. L. Vaughan.
Shipwrights'—No delegates.
Dredgemen—8. Ritchie, W. Cochran.
J, P. Elsworth.
Typos.—W. R. Trotter, G. Bartley, H. C.
Benson, J, R. Melsom.
Tllelayers'—No  delegates.
Telegraphers'—No delegate*.
Teamsters'—Poole,  Sampson,  B.  Showier.
Musicians'—A. J. Malacord.
North    Shore    Civio   Employees'—F. H.
Legh.
Meat Cutters'—B. W. Lane, A. H. Beres-
ford, T. Brown, H, Smith.
Blacksmiths'—No delegates.
Visitors—T. D. Ball.
Total: 17.
FRED.   KNOWLES,
Statistician.
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
[By J. B.]
Brandon Tradea and Labor Council*
W. F. Dark, «54—7th SI.
Transcona Tradaa and Labor Connell—0. W.
Foster. Box 29.
Winnipeg Tradaa and Labor Council—B. A
Bin, V. P. P., Boom U, Labor Tempi,.
Ontario.
Brantford Tradaa and Labor Council*—A. 0.
Brown. R. B. No. fi.
Fort William Tradea and Labor Couneil—8.
P. Speed, 110 N. Brodie St.
Guelph   Tradea   and Labor Coaaell—Taoa.
Hall, 80 Kathleen atreet.
Hamilton Tradaa and Labor Council—W. B.
Bollo, Box IDS.
Kingston Tradee and Labor Couneil—W. J.
Drlacotl, 112 Lo-rer Besot etreet.
Kitchener  Tradea   and  Labor  Couneil—V.
Strub, Weber Apartments, Tounf St
London Tradea and Labor Oounoil — Geo.
Wtkeiliw, 2»»)4 Dnndas Street.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Counoll —
Goo. W. Par.47 Huron St.
Ottawa Allied Tradee aud Labor Association
—W. Lodge, 21 Orelghton St. B. E.
Port Arthur Tradee and Labor Oonaoll—A.
F. Kanabec,  110 Jean St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor Oouncll—W.
M. Steven,, 806 Brock atreet.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Tradee Coun*
„ col—— °* B*T«°n, Boi 1»D, Steelton.
South Waterloo   Trades  Oounoil — A.    L.
Philp, 86 South St., Gait.
St. Catharlnoa Trade, and Labor Council-
Arthur Greenlaw, 20 Dakota fit.
St. Thomaa Tradea and Labor Oouncll—A
R. Robertson, 124 Redan street.
Toronto    District  -Labor Connell—T.    A,
Stereuson, 24 Haselwood annuo.
Welland   Tradea   and   Labor   Couneil—W.
Powrie, Box 28.
Wlndeor Tradea and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard arenue.
Quebec
Montreal Tradee and   Labor   Council—O.
Francq, 2 St. Paul fit. Bast.
Quebec and Levis Trades Council — S
Oeo. Desblens, 187—7th Ave., Llmollon.
St. Jean Tradea aud Labor Oounoil—George
Smith, Box 495.
Haw Brunswick.
St. John Trades and Labor Council—J. L
Sugrue, 92 St. Jamea St.
THEATRES
This Week.
Orpheum—Unequalled vaudeville.
Pantages—A bill-of much class.
Globe—Splendid pictures.
Emprcsfl—a well-acted play.
Broadway—Pictures that plonse.
Next Weelt.
Orpheum—Thc   management    promises
another good bill.
Pantages—A bill that has much promise.
Empress—Empress Stock compnny.
Globe—Attractive picturos.
Broadway—Film stories of merit.
MEBOEDES AT TBS PANTAOES.
Something vory much out of tho ordinary
will bo Ahown to Pant Ages patrons noxt
week, ncording to advance notices, when
Mercedes, the man who is described as the
"psychic eighth wonder of the world," and
his assistants, Mile. Btantone, will bo the
features of a good bill.
ORPHEUM
COMING WEEK, OCTOBEE IS
2:30—TWICE  DAILY— 8:20
TEDCIB  FBIOANZA
with Ten Kyck and Welly, in dances.
BETTY BOND
In  five flights of musical comedy.
ABTHUB HAVEL AND 00.
FBANEEB WOOD & BUNEE WYDE
ROLAND TBAVEB8
The illusionist extraordinary,
EDITH HAS CAFES AND NELSOIU
HOMES SNOW
Presenting   "Bits  from  Their Treasury.
ATSUNO AND LLOYD
Prices (including government tax):
Matinee: 16o, 20c 30c and 56c.
Except Holiday matinees.
Ending: lSe, SOc, lie, 66c and 80ti
Great indignation hns boon expressed
when it was stated that many of the
first men who went to tho war went
because they wore out of work and
their families were starving. When the
fact was mentioned by ono of the opposition mohibers of parliament, at Victoria, a conservative membor hotly denied it and snid they all went out of
pure patriotism.
There is a patriotism for times of
peace as well as for war times, A man
who risks his life to defend his family
from want is a very good citizen, and
Canada is full of just such patriots,
for the workers risk their lives in their
trades quite as much as when they go
to war, though for them thero is no uniform and no music.
If those men enlisted to savo their
wives and children from starvation
they did a praisowortby and patriotic
thing, and they hnvo fulfilled their
part of the bargain even unto death.
But the government hns not kept
faith with them. The men went with
the understanding that their wives and
families would be providod for, and instead of that they hnve bocomo objocts
of charity and have been subjected to
all kinds of impertinent interference.
For instance, a woman with a good
husband earning five or six dollars a
day could go to a picture show, or
buy a new hat as a mattor of course,
but now she is investigated and con-
sured, and hor allowance jft'om tho Patriotic fund is stopped. That is the
reward of her patriotism in giving up
her good husband.
Ono young fellow enlisted, and bofore leaving made till arrangements,
as ho thought, for the comfort of his
widowed mother, and he gave in her
name for the patriotic fund. To hor
astonishment, a lady who was a strun-
gcr to her, called and questioned hor
in a way not to bo endured by any
self-respecting person. For no such
person wishes her private affairs made
public.
This Indy understood men what the
pntriotic fund was, nnd she dishiisscd
lior unwelcome visitor with the intimation thut she did not wish nny of the
money. On spenking of tlie nffair afterwards-to the mayor ot' tlie town, ho
snid to hor: "I am very glad, Mrs
Blank, that you did not accept thc
money, for it is renlly only a charity."
But the joke is that 'tlio daughter
of this widowed mothc* works in an
office, and has » day's pny, or more,
deducted every month for tlie patriotic fund, but thnt Cannot be paid to
her own mother unless tho mother submits to impertinent intrusion and inter fer enco.
A nowspaper stnted, lntely, that if
thc government took over tho patriotic
fund und raised it by taxes, thoy would
lose the amount given by tho large
firms.
That is amusing!
Tho large sums do not come from tho
firms. Thoso very handsome donations
are squeozed out of tho employees
against their will, thus robbing Poter
to pay Paul. And the families of those
men have to scrimp harder when they
are alroady suffering from war-time
prices.
There wero some men who enlisted
becauso tbey were told that aftor tho
war thoro would bo no situations for
nny men except returnod soldiers and
they feared they would havo no chance.
I wonder what thoy think now that
conscription has come.
After tho war thore will bo hundreds
of soldiers for every situation,
Mr. Brewster, speaking at a meeting,
told how wages would drop after the
wnr. Of courso they will. Tho workers will bo fairly cutlng oach others
throats for tho privilege of working
for nothing, thero will be so tnany nn-
empolyed.
Many men havo gone to the war
from the spirit of adventure. Those,
ii times of peace, were our pioaters.
And there are others who havo gone
for high ideals.
No great war can be fought unless
the war chariots have at least the
semblance of being hitched to a great
ideal.
Those men arc dying for high ideals
abroad, when the crying need is for
men not afraid to die for high ideals
at home, where graft has us by the
throat. ; *■■
They who talk the loudest about
patriotism aro the ones who wish con
Bcription onto thoir neighbors, and
stay at home to make war profits for
themsolvos. "By their voices ye shall
know them."
Times Change.
Ia the old days when Indians used
to attack the settlers, the settlers all
unitod in defence of their homes. Thoy
did not call it a fight for democracy
againBt autocracy and thoy did not
conscript anyone. They did not need
to. When a man has a home he is
going to defend it.
The mon fought, and tho wotaen
melted lead to make the bullets.
Those were primitive times, and
vory unsophisticated peoplo. They did
not know nearly as much as wo do.
Thero was not one of thom who evon
thought of stealing the food, while the
others fought for him, as well as for
themselves.
Not ono of them ever thought of
cornering the food and selling it at
war-time prices.   Or the load.
Just supposing ono man had grabbed
all the load and refused to give it for
bullets unless they paid him a fabulous sum.
Tho pooplo would say: "But wo
have not so much money as that."
And the hian would give thom the
lend to defend him with, if they would
mako thc payment a debt on thom-
selves, and o» their children's children,
and pny interest on it besides.
It is ridiculous! It is untbinknblo!
The peoplo would think the man had
gono crazy, and if he persisted in getting in tho way whon they neodod munitions, he would get short shrift.
They would kill him if ho would
neither fight with the rost, nor -even
let thom have their own load to fight
with,
They would pay their dobt to bin,
then nnd (here, m lend, they would lilt
him full of it.
But wo know more now, and wo man-
ago things bettor.
It is thoso who have no homes nnd
no possessions, and nothing to fight for,
who do the fighting and who mortgage
their children's futuro to pay for tho
munitions and supplies to flght with.
If wo were fighting for democracy
tlierc would be no war profits.
Tho workors would not do all thc
fighting and all tho paying too, and be
nothing tho better if they won thc war.
Indeed, already whilo fighting for do-
inocracy abroad they havo lost at home
the liberties their fathers died to gain.
Waitresses Will Give Dance.
Members of orgnnized labor who
like to danco will welcome the announcement thnt tho waitresses havo
decided to give a dance. The date
decided on is Wednesday, Oct. 19, and
tho plnco is Eagles' hall. Tho snlo of
tickets will commence immediately, and
a big crowd is expected.
Nor Oan Any Rational Being,
"I ennnot 'understand a man who
soys thnt be bolievos conscription would
bo defeated in roforondum, but who
Btill intends to vote to mako it Inw. .
. I do not believe tnat to dofont.
Prussianism, tho best way is to adopt
it."—Hon. Sidney Fisher, ex-minister
of agriculture.
Batchers Preparing Scale
A now scalo of wages for butchers
and ment cutters is to bo drawn up by
a committoc appointed for the purpose
at tho meeting Tuosday. This committee is to report to tko next meeting.
The union now numbers 21t.
Amhtrat Trades and Libor Coaeell—Tkoa.
Carr, Box 981.
Ba&W\x Tf!d" »ad Ubw CoBBcU-Bob«t
Miller, 67 Almon street.
Plctou County Trados tad Ubor Council—
rt Hilton Grant, New Glasgow.
Sydney  Tradei   and   Labor Council — Jas.
Steele, 245 Rockdale Ato.
runout or independent
LABOB PABTT OP ONTABIO
The object of the Independent Labor
Party of Ontario to to promote the political,
economic and soeial lnterelta of people who
V,VB, °r their ,,DI>r' "wntal or manual, m
distinguished from thoae who lire by profit
upon the labor of others.
So we have established a permanent provincial organisation ao tbat we may act in
co -oil oration as far as possible with fnde<
liendent political organisations of the farmers and the producing class for Uie purpose
of electing men or women wbo will stand
by the democratic principle of a working
class movement, with all that the term Implies,
Platform.
Free and compulsory education. Free education In all Institutions supported br the
government.
Free textbooks.
Tho public ownership of all public utilities
and natural resources of wealtn.
Nationalisation of banking and credit systems.
Direct legislation through the initiative,
referendum and recall.
Gradual elimination of unearned Increment
through increasing taxation.
Equal pay for equal work,
Abolition of property qualifications for all
municipal offices.
Abolition of all election deposits.
Proportional representation with group
constituencies.
Abolition of the Canadian senate.
No court to be legally competent to declare as unconstitutional any act of the par
llament of Canada,
Amending tke British North America Aet
so that the decisions of tbe highest court of
appeal In Canada be final, in ill Batten,
civil and political.
That adequate equal pensions be gfMted
to all disabled aoldlera, either ofteen er
men, or their widows and dependents.
Pensions for mothers with dependent children.
Old ago pensions.
Creation of national reserves of coal and
timber.
We believe thit performance Is better
than promise, and we rest onr claim for the
support of the workers on the general declaration thit we stand for the Industrial
freedom of those who toil and the political
liberation of those wbo for so long have
been denied Justice.
Mechanics1 Tools and Supplies
of Every Description at
Tremendous Reductions
THESE tools and supplies are standard lines—high-grade goods—
you'll recognize the names.   We offer them at from one-half to
one-third regular price.   We ean do this beeause the articles are
salvaged stock from tho great 4300,000 warehouse fire of Wood, Vallance
ft Leggatt—you remember it—last January.
Our itock alto
sporting goods,
Level, (Slonelr Adjustable>,      OS.
»(. 00. Sale Price   eWl/
Hatchet,, amall slse, juit the
tolas; lor klndllnj:
Bee. II,
for ..............	
Bel. IMS,
for  .	
Bel. 11.80,
for .-	
a full 11ns of household hardware, aUrenraie,
Won, ate., offered below wholesale prico.
Adluittble Stock and Dlea for
Plumbers W bo uld at Half Mea.
79c
Carpenters' Levels (adjustable), Beg.
$2.00. Sato
price
Special—Stanley Nsil ,
Reg. 26o. Sale price
Sets,
95c
B»t.
95c
8c
Goodall Mitre Boaea, with Dletoa 8-
lo. aaw. Bet. 127.50. CIO 7g
Sale priee * e)l6.IO
Tlnemlthe' Firepot. double aad alalia
buraera. Be|. 115.00. CR OK
Sal. priee ......' ajO.W
Broad Axes,    from    10 to 14 Inch.
aSTiJB. *.0..'.'i°: $2.95
Butchere'    Save,   the   beat   makea.
Bet. op to 11.00. __,
..Bale priee  -..  tm,
A full Uaa of Milan' Hardware
to bo clean* a«t at way law prlcee.
Iheea Bus la list-class cendlttei.
Seo oor aaiortmeut ot Ioalde nt
Outalde Door Sou. Bet. Prieea
from 13.60 to I7.S0. Sale price—
29c to $3.50
TERMINAL SALVAGE CO.
27 Hastings St W.       Next to Rex Theatre
The trying season for teeth is just ahead
—be prepared for it.  Don't let winter catch you napping with defective teeth
Have yoar teeth examined now. I'll do It. I'll tell yoa frankly, after
examining tbem whether they need attention or not. If they do, I'll idrtoe
yon what should be done for them and, if desired, givo you an estimate u
to the cost—ind my price will be ii reasonable as my work Is thorough.
Such an examination may eare you hours of pain and, Inconvenience Anting the winter—also loss of time it yoar work.
For the convenience of workers, my office to open Tuesdays and Fridays
until 8 p.m. Other evenings until 0 p.m. Special attention to out-of-town
patients.
I give 10-jfir written guarantee! ob my dental work.
Phone Bey. 3331
Appointments for examination    arranged    by
phone.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
60S Haitingi Street Weat, Cor. Sejmour
FEDBBAL LEGISLATIVE BODY
TRADES AND LABOR CONOREB8 OF CANADA—MeeU in convention September ef
eieh year. Executive board: Jaa. C. Witters.
prosldent; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, D. C-i James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secre
tsrytroasnrer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Ont.
To Federationist
Subscribers:
Please remember that no tetter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals ire made.
The iddress label on your
paper carries tho date to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, the correct change In
your label date is not made,
notify us at once. When you
bave a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send it to tbls office—net to
the other fellow. Thus job
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
B. PABM. PBTTXPX10B,
Labor Temple,
Vincouver, B. 0.
INVESTIGATE«|UC|C:
s&M!***-"j!*" %<**>• omoLCs
• ■n.Jitd.lu*,ittmmtmr*nte I   1   IS
S_J_.__mSttfanTaSS '  " "a
= «1 lb .>■■* T., ■*■*■*,-in... 10 w.'SV S
S THE PUBLIC. 122 Em 3?it 9m. New Yck F
To Trade Unionists
When you got tired hunting (or
■oclallat newa in capitalist papera,
•ubaoribo for Tha Milwaukee
Leader, tie big toelallat dally.
Sample! on request. Milwaukee,
Wu,
Tke Dalljr MUwaakaa Laaler aal
Tk. faietallealel, eat year, U le.
OTART right when
^ you make Coffee.
Dip the spoon Into a
can of NABOB Vacuum Packed Coffee.
You are bound to like
it when you try it.
Canada's Best Coffee
KELLY. DOUGLAS * 00. LTD.
VANCOUVER,  B.  0.
BUlXXBIfl ACUPTT dibiotoit
Aik for Labor Temple  'Phone Eichange,
Seymour   7496   (unleu   otherwise   stated)
Boilermakers—J. H. Carmlchael, Room 312,
Labor Temple.
Bridge and  Structural Iron Workers—Roy
Massecar, Room 308.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room SOS.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 2947—F. L.
Barrett, Room 20S.
Electrical Workera—E. H. Morrison,   Room
307,    Phone Sey. 8S10.
Cooks   and   Walters—W.   McKensle,    Room
309, Ubor Temple. _
Deep Bea Fishermen's Union—Ruuoll kearley, 487 Gore avenne.    Office phone, Sey.
4704;  residence, High. 718R.
Longshoremen's      Association—Gordon      J.
Kelly, 804 1'ender street west; phone Sry.
8859.
I. L. A. Anxlltory—E. Winch,    436 Howe
etreet.    Phone Sey.  6869.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 213.
Moving Picture Operators—8. Half,  Room
804.
Musicians—E. A. Jamleson,  Room  305.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 803.
Pattern Makers—H. T. Nigbtsciles,    Room
312, Labor Temple.
Pile   Drivers   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room 206J&, Labor Temple.
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,   Room  200 lA,  Labor
Temple.    Phono Sey. 8611.
Sailors—W.  H.  Barns,  213  Hastings  street
west.    Phone Sey. 8703.
Shipbuilders'   Laborers—W,   Hardy,     Room
217,  Labor Temple.
Shipwrights     and     Caulkers—J,   It nun Arid,
Room 212, Labor Templr.
Htsgo   Employees—H.   1'rarson,    Room   304.
Steam - nnd   Operating    Engineers—\V.    A.
Alexander,   Rom  21(1.
Street Railway Employees—Krrd. A. Hoover,
cornor   Main   and' Prior   strnrts.    I'hone
exchange Sey. 0000; residence, Fnir  MIR.
Teamsters—J. F. Pool, Room liou^,
Trades anil Labor Council—Victor ll.  Midgley,  Room 210.
Typographical—R, H. Neelands, Room 308,
Ray's Market
FRUIT SPECIAL
Ripe Tomatoes, ptr crate 85c
Cucumber, Head Lettuce, Celery,
Radish, Parsley, Cabbage,
Thyme, Mint, etc.
MEAT
Sirloin lioiisls, pci' II),.. 25c
Sirloin Steak, per Hi*  25c
T-bono Roasts, per lb  28c
T-bone Steak, per lb  28c
Pork   and   Beef   Sausage.
Minced StcaK   15c
GROCERIES
Lipton's   Loco,   half-pound
tin 20o
American Coffee, per Ib. Wo
Ray's Special Tea, 3 lbs. $1
Pickling Spice, lb 26o
Ray's Hastings St.
Public Market
Weat of Res Theatre
LAKOEST
SALE   IK
AMERICA
The
Cigar
They
AU
Know
And
Like
McLEOD,
NOLAN A
COMPANY,
London, Canada.
D.J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
and Yukon.
3118 Alberta St.
VANCOUVER,
B. C.
The
Public
An International Journal
. Fundnirynul Domocracy
A Oliver man snld that whon
people m>^n1( of "hnblts" thpy re-
frr t > I'nd haliltn only. Ast a mat.
tt>r of furl hftblta nre both Rood
ntifi b-iii. Poreotinl progress l»
largely a ma Iter of (rood habits.
Rending "Thr Public Ih a habit
which thousands of atort minds
practice. Why not cultivate this
Invigorating   habit   yourself?
Itrfrrrnrmt Lincoln Steffens,
Ilrand Whtt lock. Judge Ben B.
Lindsay, Hay Stannnrd Baker,
and you—after yon have tried It.
introductory Hffrri Three
hnoktetH on the SltniMax and 19
Issues of "The Public" only 25?,
The  Public
129 r.mit 37th Street   \. Y. City
KINO OF BICYCLES
Tli.y ere tlio finest bit af workmen-
Mi* in the bicycle world; 6 different
nui-Mn In variety of colore.
Pricei from SI8.80 te 968.00. oa
•Uf payments tf Retired.
HASKIHS * ELLIOTT
"The Pioneer DleVele Store "
til Howe St.     tig ___________ It   ___, PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
...October 12, l»li
Saba Bros. Unloading Sale of Their
Entire Stock, for One Week Only
The congestion of our Btock is such that wc have decided, for one
week, to make heavy cuts in the prices of everything we have in the
store.
BLACK BONNET DUCHESS MOU8SALINE—36 inches wide.   Excellent quality.   Begular (2.45 per yard,
for. <-  —.....
SILK BLOUSES AS BIO SEDUCTIONS
PONGEE SILK BLOUSES—Begular $3.25 each,
for...
$1.98
$1.75
HEAVY WHITE HABUTAI SILK WAISTS—All sizes, latest designs.
New arrivals.   Begular (3.50 each, dJO QQ
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
652 OBAKTOXE STBEET
HONEST FOOTWEAR
, i—
The union workingman, looking for good Union-made Shoes,
ean always flnd them here.
We're showing Footwear, for Men, Women and Children,
made in union factories by well-skilled Union Labor, and the  (
cost is no more than thc poorer kind.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STBEET
 a suggestion
for coffee drinkers
The next time you order coffee, ask for
EMPRESS COFFEE
Faekad by
Empress M'fg Co.
Tha Bam. of Fnr. Food Producti
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Just make it according to your
usual formula. Try it out on the
family. If they aren't satisfied
with it, take the' coffee to thc
grocer and get your money back.
Isn't that a square offer?
Is the Milk supplied to your home Real Milk?
-If it Is not ull np the
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE TAIEMONT 1697 *.
Or drop a cud to onr offlce, 805 Twenty-iourm avenue eait.
WE GUARANTEE TO GIVE TOO SATISFACTION. SITE UB A CALL
Peerless
Near Beer
There is no other beverage available that will
refresh and revive like a glass of delicious Peerless
Near-Beer, which is brewed by union workmen, in
the most modern plant on the Pacific Coast.
For sale at all hotels. Brewed and bottled at the
brewery.         , '
4
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B. C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQUIPMENT—COUBTEOUB ATTENDANTS-
TEA VEL COMFOBT
CONSULT OUB NEABEST AOENT OB WBITE
DISTRICT PASSENOBB AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W., VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymonr 1481
OF
CHEER FROM
Stirring Message From the
Old Land to Workers
of Canada
Just Why the Convention
Cheered the Message
Is Not Stated
DELEGATE COTTRELL, of Pioneer Division No. 101, Street Bail-
way Employees, who returned during
the week from the Ottawa convention
of thc Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, as has also Fred, Knowles of
the Letter Carriers, has been thoughtful enough to make it possible for The
Federationist to secure first-hand information covering the antics of tho reactionary eastern delegation in attendance. In addition to tho "mat." of
Fraternal Delegate Winstone, reproduced last week, Delegate Cottrell says
the following report of Mr. Winstone 's
address at least gives some idea of what
was said and the reception it received.
The report reads:
Great Britain's Delegate.
It is doubtful if the halls of St. Patrick's hall have ever re-echoed sueh a
burst of applause as that which greeted
the British Labor delegate. For several
minutes after he arose, the din of applause prevented John Winstone from
sneaking. Finally, after the handclap-
ping and cheering had subsided, Mr.
Winstone began his address by referring to the fact that he was a Welshman, a justice of the peace and a councillor. He paid the highest tribute to
the Dominion of Canada, as a country
and as a democracy. Continuing, the
speaker said:
"When I bring to you that are assembled here the warm and brotherly
greeting of three million organized
workers in Greftt Britain, I do bo from
the bottom of my heart. Terirtorially
Bpeaking, Britain, with her little area,
cannot hope to compare with your tremendous country and vast terirtories
here in Canada. The value of the
greetings that I bring to you is not to
be measured byf'the size of the country
from whence they come, bat by the fact
that they come/from those noble sons
of toil—sons of a noble and mighty,
though little, mother. The spirit which
accompanies the greeting that I convey
to you is the Bpirit of fraternity among
fellow men and workers.
To Unify Porcea. (
'Now, what is it that we are all
after f I have listened with a great
deal of attention and interest to the
sentihients that have been expressed by
the delegates present here today. And
I know that what we want is to unify
and to conserve the forces of organized
labor in every civilized country in the
world.   (Cheers.)
"We want the people who produce
wealth to have the opportunity of enjoying it. We want to Bhow to the
capitalists and the moneyed interests
(whom, I believe, met in Geneva) that
organized labor is not dead. That it is
alive, and more powerful and forceful
than ever. The men who clothe and
feed the world, the men who are iadecd
the world, should have the opportunity
of saying what this wourld will be.
One of Greatest Crimes.
The greetings that I bring to you
are naturally somewhat tempered by
the shadow of this great war, but
nevertheless, they are not changed in
sentiment. Nothing can detract from
the noble, courageous and indomitable
courage and Bpirit that has been shown
by the thousands of brave4hds that arc
fighting today, and those who have laid
down their lives in what is, in my opinion, one of the greatest crimes ev*er perpetrated—this war.   (Loud cheers.)
"But this does not enoV here. Remember that while we have duties to
perform, we have responsibilities to
bear. And we will fail if we are led
away by the flimsy excuses that are so
prevalent. What is the real cause of
this wart We must find out, and if we
do not want a repetition of this war, we
must reraovo the cause of all wars—autocracy.
To Bed Bock Cause.
"Some of us have dear onea in the
front line trenches—aome of ua who are
afraid to rise in the morning for fear
of the heavy pain that war may have
brought to our hearts overnight—we
cannot forget France. It is impossible
to forget the boys—and their magnificent bravery. Bravery which is unequalled even if yoa revert to alt the
histories in creation. We, organized
Labor, are in duty bound to these heroes to get down to business—to get
down to bed rock—and to ascertain tho
real cause of this war.
"You talk of going to the government. You are the government' and
J'ou will be the government. Organized
abor will have the proper representation in the government that auch a body
—the very people—demand,
Light Is Breaking.
"Comrades, the light is breaking
over the eastern front—breaking on
the moaning of the devastation and
ruin that is there. We are just beginning to realize that out oi this Armageddon' we Bhall cotoe determined to
build up a new world, not upon the
power of hate, but love—not might, bat
right—not contradiction, but co-operation. Bight will bo the dominating
factor in the councils of our society,
the right of the people's Will. When
the war drums throb no longer, tho
battle flags will wave over tbe parliament of man and the federation of the
world.
South Wales Miner.
"Now, turning to the industrial situation for a moment. I am a Welsh
miner primarily. I come from that land
of sweet singers and poets, but more
than that—from a land of lighters for
freedom. Thc South Wales miners are
credited with saving the soul of trade
unionism. In 1011 there was a struggle
in Bhondda valley whieh is in tho heart
of thc WclBh coal mining district, and
where the supply of coal for tbe British navy oomes from. Tho question
was whether the miners would bo -entitled to a fair day's wages for a fair
day's work irrespective of tonnage—
that is, a minimum scale of wages. The
statute that is now upon the bookB is
only tho beginning of the work that
organized labor is doing in Great Britain. The minimum wage scale baa
been established as a result of the efforts mpon the part of our strong or*
ganization.
Fine Hore Than Wage.
"Beferring to tho munitions act, I
can best explain this by the Btory of a
miner's wife who said to him: 'If the
fine for the loss of youf time ia five
pounda, then why are you working for
lessf And if you haven't had it, why
haven't youf And if you have, why
didn't I get itf And if you don't get
it, don't work any more.' And they
didnt. The prime minister came down
and looked into the matter. He brought
two other cabinet ministers with him.
And finally he said that the munitions
act did not apply to tbe miners. That
act was killed once and for all.
Must Stand Together.
"Yoj have one lesson to learn. If
you deal with employers or governments, you.must stand together as one
man. What would tho governments
have cared if thoy bad sent down the
■militia to the Welsh minersf But they
didn't dare to, that's all. Our governments are taking control of mines, shipping and turning over money to the
nations. What wo want now is not to
control but to possess. Let the communities get coal at a reasonable price
and other commodities in Uke manner,
Take from Profiteers,
"Now for the profiteers. We in England do not go to thc employers to ask
for ah increase in wages. We go to
the government. The government do
not want to arbitrate, but are willing
to ameliorate. Since the outbreak of
the war, we miners told the employers
that if they did not increase the price
of coal—we would not asn >or increased
wages. They absolutely refused to listen to these terms. If we get the 25
per cent, that we ask for, that will
mean that in the laBt three years, our
wages have been increased by 80 per
cent."
Regarding the cost of living, Mr.
Winstone here gave figures that showed
that as compared with 1914, the cost
of feeding a family hod increased over
100 per cent.
Bonax Law's Fronts.
"We have patriotic profiteers in
Great Britain. Take Bonar Law for
example. Bonar Law is tho chancellor
of the exchequer. He doesn't mind
asking men to be patriotic—to eat less
and win the war. But yet tbat same
gentleman has got 8100 pounds at 5
per cent, in shipping interests. In 1915
he received £3625 and one ship was
sunk or sold, and he was so interested
that he didn't know winch one. The
actual ahiount of hiB investment was
£300. I say of Bonar Law and his ilk
that out of their own mouths they are
condemned. Lord Bhondda (D. A.
Thomas) is another man who has mado
profits exceeding 90 per cent.
"We must adopt the socialization of
the means of life. The foodstuffs prices
have increased, shipping rateB are increased and the government and Bonar
Law have shared in the swag. I warn
you all to be careful and keep your eye
on tho excess profit tax,''
Conference Eventually.
Mr. Winstone then told of the various victories that have been won by
the British Labor party.
'' Begarding the rftockholm question, '' continued Mr. Winstone,
"Stockholm means the Internationale,
and I say to you now, that the British
Labor party will eventually go to that
Internationale."
Mr. Winstone drew the comparison
between the votea in the big Lnbor convention, and explained that the varying votes were directly due to tho block
vote cast against the minority. The
speaker said the British Labor party
strongly desired that the allied forces
of Labor Bhould become strongly united
before meeting the allied forces of the
central powers. Begarding the governmental action in refusing to issue passports, tho delegate said that the government had no right to prevent free
expression of opinion upon any subject.
When Labor made up its mind, it was
up to the government to carry out its
dictates.
Doers, Not Sayers.
"We must become doers, not sayers," conclude^ Mr. Winstone. "More
than thot, we want Canada to be represented at the internationale movement
for peace. If that peace is to be a lasting peace, it must not be a peace of
politicians, diplomats or capitalists-
bat a peace of the people—a peace of
democracy,
"We talk of peace and a premature
peace. No peace would be premature.
We have no desire for a war to be
fought in vain. The workers of the
world must unito and fulfil their desire
to give to the workers that opportunity for a rich, free and full life that
should be theirs. A life based upon
the brotherhood of men. Put on the armor of Labor—gird your loins with the
gospel of righteousness-—your feet with
the gospel of peace—for the final elimination of capitalism,"
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Winstone 's address, the convontion became
a turmoil of cheoring. delegates stood
up on chairs and cheered again and
again. The cheering would subside for
a minute and then would renew with
reinforced vigor. For fu>y five minutes
President Watters could not he heard
as he attempted to call tho convention
to order.
American Raincoats
(By Express)
THE NEW
BALMAROON RAINCOATS
In all the new shades of Browns and
Greens and Peacock Blue. The New
Trench Coat in fancy heather mixtures
PRICES:
$15 $18 $20 $25
Don't forget we sell LLAMA SOX-
3 Pairs for $1.00
The maker's name stamped on every pair
OmfoJ
33^47-49 Hwtinqs St Eajt,
From Parm's
TWENTY-FIVE YEABS AGO
Trades and Lahor Conncil
October 7, 1892
[From this week's Hyack Canyon
Vindicator.]
Hank James has turned hiB tavern
into a 'temperance joint since the dry
law went into effect. "A little bay
rum!" whispered Hank to Cy Young
who suspiciously approached the bar.
"I don't give a gosh darn for rum,
Hank. But I don't mind takin'a horn
of that forty-rod rye of your'n," replied Cy.
Sal Jones is tellin' 'round town how-
she coxed Old Sarsafras Jim to take
her into a side show at the fair. He
paid a nickel apiece for the admission.
Inside he whispered to her: "Sallie,
gin ye ever doot ma love for ye, jist
think o' tho money whit I hae spent
on ye this vera day." We believe
that's the reason tho old skin flint
stopped his subscription to tbe Vindicator for three months. \
There was a real family jar down at
the Klinches' farm last Sunday. Fete
Klinch and his wife had just returned
from church. Farson Giles while
preaching said, "With the help of
heaven the country soon will be dry
as a bone. The argument started in
the kitchen. Old Pete went out and
kicked the pump, while hiB stronger
half threw the potato pounder and
rolling-pin out the window at the
chickens. They both fired Mike, the
hired man. Now a separation is threatened.
Ib it right to say of a hen, "She is
setting" or "sitting," sweet Mary
asked Mike, Klinches' fired hired man.
"That don't intorest me at all, at all,'
aaid Mike, "Wbat I wants to know is
when a hen cackles if she's laying or
lying."
SHOE ON THE OTHER FOOT
Daily press dispatches report that eta-
ployeeB of the electric light company
in Kharkov, Russia, have arretted the
directors and .managers. After a meeting at which a proposal to' deal out
summary justice to the prisoners was
rejected, it was decided to hold them
until higher wages had been granted.
Rev. J. Waldrop, Portland, Ore.,
wrote he would be pleased to lecture in
Vancouver after presidential election.
He was busijy -engaged with populist
election matters.
Committee reported favorably re
labor paper. Mr. Trythall would print
same provided council guaranteed 500
subscribers at $2 each. Tho paper
would adhere strictly to labor platform.
Agreed to unanimously.
Parliamentary committee wanted
qualification for voting on loan bylaws
reduced from $500 to $200. Also that
city council publish list of those who
paid poll tax.
A committee of one member from
each 'union struck to draw up labor
platform.
President Clarence Monk presided,
and George Gagen acted as secretary.
PAINTERS ON STBIKE
Tho Calgary Painters' and Decorators' arc on strike, demanding an inerease of wages to 55 cents an htfar
to April 1 next, and then 57% cents
to July 1. They are now being paid
50 cents un hour.
MEET ME AT THB s
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
—TWELVE NIW TABLES—
(Brunswick-Balk*] Coll.ndrc Co.)
42 Hastings St., East
» UNION SHOP -«
BOOTS   AND   SHOES    mad*    to
meaaure ut ordinary pricea.   Only baat
leather used.   Family work a apacialty.
Boots and Shoes also repaired.
428 GEORGIA STBEET WEST
CLEIiAND-DIBBLB ENOEAV-
OIS COMPANY
LlatM
OIA1 ABTlrta
Pnoaa Saraeur ?1M
Third Floor, World Bulldlu,
VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Tha oaly Untoa Shop la VaneottTer.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
opposite Labor Tmpla
vAxcoxmu, a. o.
Headquartera for Labor men.   Bati
75e and fl.00 ptr day.
12.60 par week and np.
Oafo at Seasonable Bates.
Men's
Shoes
SHOES that Hpcll quality and Individual sty It*—sterling leathers—perfect ln tit and comfort—built for
wear and weather. Just tbe type of
shoes overy practical man Ib looking
for these Fall days.
You'll appreciate the worth of theso
names;
"THE LEOKIE" "THE MONARCH"
"THB J. & T. BELL"
"THE SLATER"
-     $6.00 to $9.00
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINGS STBBBT WEST
 Opp. Bank of Oommeroa	
BtiotBio ramus it 0011
P&IOM
■aa aa and aafe aunty.
The Jtrris Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Blcharli Stmt
Phone Seymour 4319
THE ALL RED LINE, LTD.
S.S. "SANTA MARIA"
S.S. "SELMA"
Powell Elver ud Vancourer
Serrlce
■UKlO^IJlfflttl
Union
MADE
Dew
AM
■ftwtff
^Ha Of America 4a»r
ww«ht amot BffifflBgBB _m
Aak far thla Label when paralalia! Bear,
Ala or Porter, at a guarantee that It la Unloa
"ie,N Thia U onr Ubel
* CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET '
Oae Block weit of Court Home.
Uae of Modern Chapel aad
Funeral Parlon free to all
Patroni.
Telephone Seymour 8428
AJK TOOB OIOOII FOB
PRIDE OP ALBERTA, ud
MOTHERS' FAVORITE
FLOUR
tmoa iuuxb
J.. PHILUTI a CO., Aiaate
nana __t
1MI
PRINTING
COWAN & BBOOKHOUSB
Labor Tempi* Preu    Sex. 4490
SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL  UDSfOtO}  BBOULA-
MOWS.
COAL mining righti of the Dominion, la
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tha
Yukon Territory, tbo North-lVest Territories
and in a portion of the Provinoe of Britlah
Columbia, may be leued for a tana of
twenty-one years renewal for a farther term
of 21 years at an annual rental of 11 aa
aore. Not more than 2,500 acres will ba
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must ba made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the dlstriot in which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and ln unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himsolf.
Each application must be accompanied by
a foe of 15 which will be .refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise, A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tho Ageut with sworn returns accounting
for tbe full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon If tha
coal mining rights ara not boing operated,
sueh returns should be furnished at loaat
once a year.
Ths lease will Include tbe coal mining
righti only, rescinded by Chap, 27 of 45
Qeorge V. assented to 12th Junt, 1914.
For full information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sab-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Ministor of Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.—68575.
-PEDEBATI0NI8T PHONB-
SEY. 7495
APTEB 6 p.m.—BEY. 7497S ■vHmm
FBIDAT. -...."October 12, 1917
THE BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Save Money
rP HE time to have repair work done is when the machinery
A flrst gets out of order. It costs less to do the work when it
is flrst needed. It costs, more, and causes a lot of trouble, to
waiS till a big breakdown. That is what is going to happen to
your health if you do not have your toeth attended to. That
is what your doctor will tell you.
TPHE man to soe is DB. LOWE, the dentist, who is a specialist
in his line and uses the most modern raotnods known to
dental acience. His charges are right and reasonable. That is
a point to keep in mind. DB. LOWE will provide you with
crowns or bridges for your teeth that will do the work as well
and look as woll, as good, natural teeth.
fk&JUe.flentut
jS lOSHartlt^ Sftwt W,(Cor.Abbot)VaiKQUvVir^VKw5ayJTT4*i![
We put the Union Label on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen—
We do this as a guarantee that you have received the best of workmanship throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters have for years given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
were wearing clothes that fit—clothes that were built for them. See
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. The prices on
our made-toorder SuitB and Coats are the lowest consistent with standard goods and expert workmanship.
M. LANGTRY
"TAILOR TO LADIES AND GENTLEMEN WHO CABE"
322 — HASTINGS STBEET WBST — 322
YOUR HEALTH DEPENDS
ON TOUR FOOD
Milk
Ii the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert, says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the fact that it is a complete food."
When you drink a glass of
milk, costing 2_e, you fortify
your body with as much energy
and nutriment aa yoa would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend Less.
DAISY   PRODUCTS   PUBLIO-
ITT  BUREAU
REFER  TO  TBE
TELEPHONE  DIRECTORY
The Telephone Directory Is the
standard book of reference because
Its information Is always up-to-date
and reliable- In each Issue of the
directory over 7,000 corrections are
made; or over 21,000 In one year.
The classified section contains every
business firm ln Greater Vancouver.
Being the standard book of reference, no other publication presents
snch advantages to the advertiser.
With a circulation alwaya in the
home and in every ofllce. there is
no  better advertising medium.
BRITISH  COLUMBIA   TELETHONS
OMCFAVT,  LDOTEB
SOU-VAN
MILK
ahould be in the home
every man—
IS IT IK VOUBS7
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
Of
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
■SO Oranvllla Straw
■11 Haitian Straet Wert
The Sign
USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard
Ham
Bacon
- Butter
Eggs
Sausage
Of Quality
P. BURNS
& COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
DO THIS FOR BABY-
Now that winter Is so very close, it Is
time to think about baby's new Fall and
Winter carriage.
We havo another lot of our new English
style Baby Carriages, just in from eur own
looal factory, and our skilled work people
have put tlieir best offorts into these cars,
that are safe i
Prices range
from _
Write for our
illustrated catalogue—free
and reliable and comfortable.
..$19.75
Inspection Invited.   Tho catalogue Is brimful of valuable Information—post free.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(0. S. SHAW * CO.)
901 HOBSON   —   Opp. Court Houae
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, ilieed, per lb . Mc
Ayrshire Baeon 300 and wo
Slater'• Tea, ft  SOe
Slater'■ Coffee, lb. ..... 25c
Apex Jam, 4-16. Una _ 48c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk . IOC
Jello, 3 for  _ 25c
McDonald's Pork and Beana 10c
PBESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hutlngi St But    Boy. 3262
830 OraMllto St.      Sey. 866
321* Mais Stmt.     Fair. 1683
OF
Everybody Busy Including
Munition Workers and
Strikebreakers
Variety of Happenings and
Their Significance to
the Toilers ;;
[By Leslie E. Donnison]   .
TORONTO, Out., Oct i—The rooent
lay-off of munition plants in this vicinity will probably bo final, and already
somo places are remodelling to take up
other work. Thoro are a numbor of
comparatively najv industries springing
up which will undoubtedly uso up some
of the surplus labor—such as the building of ships, locomotives and farm
tractors. Evidence has come to hand
that the curtailment in munition making in Canada* is permanent, and upon
representation being made to tho
the British authorities, a* thre'e-months'
extention wbb granted in- which to
close up. Bankers and manufacturers
both agree that this action need cause
no alarm, as industry here can take
care of those thrown out of work, in
other lines, as industrial leaders admit
that every normal industry in the country is short of help.
One company in Ontario clnitas that
they had orders on hand for 2,000
freight cars for September delivery,
which abaorbed a good number of men.
They will commence on a government
contract for 6,000 cars immediately
afterwards. These ordors divided
among the various plants of the company in Canada will keep 5,000 men
■employed for many months. In the
matter of wages, it is - reported that
thoy will pay more for car-building
than on munitions.
Among the female munition workers
it is believed there are many who will
not willingly return to domestic life if
there is any chanco for the continuation of attractive wagoB in other lines.
One large employer of female labor
feels that the textile mills will get a
large proportion of this labor. That
conditions in tho textile mills are back
to normal as regards help since the munition plants closed down, adds color to
this theory.
No Strikebreakers, Certainly Not.
Nine strikebreakers—ono a woman—
have been gathered in by immigration
officials hore during tho G. N. W. telegraphers' Btrike, says an evening paper.
It is stated the company importod these
operators and that this is in violation
to tho Labor and Alien Act. They
will bo examined and, it is likely, deported at once. This has been denied
by the immigration officials, who- state
that the operators nre quietly working
at the G. N. \V. building, and they
were not brought over by the company
in violation of tho act.
This brings up another phase of the
G. N. W. strike: Thc G. N. W. officials
two days after a meeting of Toronto
telegraphers, at which tho riot act was
read to the government, yields and accepts the majority award of the conciliation bonrd. It is snid that tho
back-down of tho company was made
at tho "urgent request of the government,"
The Busy Oovernment.
At tho Toronto telegruphcrs' meoting, men woro present from the
C, P. It., the newspaper and brokers
offices. It wbb called by thc C. P. R.
hion, was presided over by one of them,
Geo.,1). Dawson—lasted two hours, and
decided to sond a strongly-worded resolution to the government.
Mr. Hill, local chairman of the Cana-
dion Press operators, stated that he
had received messages from the operators in the Yukon and Peace Rivor
district. Governmont men were anxious
to strike but ho wired them not to
leave their keys. Theso mon have been
waiting for months for the government to adjust their claims. This government at Ottawa ia too busy playing
politics to even liston to these poorly-
paid operators in tho Yukon who noar-
ly freeze to death keeping communications opon in that section of the country. They arc ready to walk out when
thoy get the word. Thero aro forty,
cablo operators at Hearts Content
(Nfld.) on the Atlantic' coast station
who havo announced they would quit,
too. ^ The only way is to cut off communications between tho oast and weBt
and we will win tho strike in 24 hours.
Setting the Alarm Clock.
"Tho G. N. W. says 'wc licked you
in 1903-4 and 1907.'   But not this timo ,
PAGE SEVEN
DEATH OF PTE.
E. S. SEELEY
A letter has beon recoived this week
by Mr. John A. Seoloy, from Capt.
Harold McCausland, chaplain of tne
47th Canadian infantry battalion, giving further particulars of the death of
his son, recorded in last issue of Tho
Federationist, as follows:
"Dear Mr. Seolcy: You havo doubt-
lesB already had official notice of the
death in action, of your son, Pto, R. S.
Seeley, of the second soction of this
battalion. It took place on the 22nd
inst., when he was instantly killed' by
machine gun-fire while carrying a message. His body was buried near the
spot whero he fell, which is on the
southwestern limits of the city of Lena,
and about 1300 yards from tho high
church in that city. The grave has
been carefully marked and any effects
of a personal nature he may bave had
will be forwarded to you by the effects
branch of Canadian headquarters, but
this unfortunately always takes a considerable time.
"You have, sir, the deepest and most
sincere sympathy of tho officer commanding and all ranks in the battalion. Your son died tho best and
nobleBt death possiblo for any man to
die—doing his highest duty, no matter
what the cost. May God giv* you
great pride in such a gallant son, and
may He grant to you and yours every
consolation of our Holy Faith. May
Ho help yoa to bear bravely and patiently your heavy cross of suffering.'1
sued recently. Ho has held office some
throe or four months, and this is as
far as,he has got.
Some "Trustee."
Lord Rhondda, the British food controller, has, Bince he has taken office,
view himself "as a .trustee for the
consumer, and particularly for the poor
consumer." Ho decided the prices to
be paid to tho producer, the wholesaler and the retailer. He thought all
theso were making excessive profits;
that in war time their profits should
be cut down to a minimum, and he proceeded to cut thom. Tho "sacred"
luw of supply and demand was ignored.
The Harmonious Trinity.
After somo months of unadvertiscd
effort, tho committee on labor of the
advising commission of national defence of tho United States bolieves
that harmonious co-operation between
government, capital and Labor is assured that will win the war; that a
basis is laid for a better understanding
and a moro complete harmony when
peace again restores normal conditions
und removes the checks which war imposes on the conflicting aspirations of
individuals and classes; and all this
without oither element compromising
a single principle or stultifying itself
in any way. Perhaps the contribution
of organized Labor to tbis council is
its greatest asset.
Lots of Talent,
Serving on the executivo committee
under Mr. Gompers' chairmanship are
Secrotary of Labor Wilaon, President
V. Everit Macy of the National Civic
Foderation, James Lord, president of
the mining department, A. F. of L.;
Genoral Manager Elisha Loe, of tho
Pennsylvania Railroad; Warren S.
Stone, grand chief of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers; C. E.
Michael, of the National Asociation of
Manufacturers; Frank Morrison, secretary of the A. F. of L.; Lee K.
Frankel, third vice-president of the
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company;
James O'Connell, president of tho
metal tradeB department, A. F. of L.,
and Louis B. Schram, chairman of the
labor comtnitteo of the United Brewers'
Association.
Oood Backing.
In addition as special assistants to
Mr. Gompers, Ralph M. Eusley and
.Tames W. Sullivan are membera of
tho  committee.
Toronto Labor party is very active,
and is making good tho organization
in the various wardB. The cry that
Labor "will not ,vofce for its own"
is waking up the workers, and some
veiV unpleasant surprises are in store
for the stalwarts of the old parties,
whose greatest asset was a stentorian
voice raised for the "peepul," before
election, and immediately after—for-
getfulness. The Greater Toronto Labor
party means business, and will "consolidate" every gain made by it in
its effort to give the workers a share
in the government of the country.
Letter Curlers Want to Live.
The Letter Carriers' are'out for a
lining wage. Some time ago they asked
the government for (20 a month increase to meet the high cost of living
and were handed $1.80 per week. At
a recent meeting to consider their case,
some member made the statement that
"our wives must go out to work that
they may keep things going.'' It was
also decided to make application to
the minister of labor for an arbitration
board under the Industrial Disputes
aet.
Everybody to Work, Including Father.
/Lord Leverhulrae, president of this
years Welsh National Eisteddfod, has
caused a sensation in the old country
by predicting a six-hour day after the
war, with the idle rich, as well, as the
idle poor, at work. With the immense
public debt, with its interest asd sinking fund, as an incentive, all classes
will have to keep on with the sacrifice
of easo and comfort, and work as hard
as at present for many years to eome
and meet these heavy annual expenditures. He says that the three years
of war has taught the lesson that long
hours and excessive strain produces,
after a certain point, reduced output,
in quantity, quality and value. This
can be met, he says, by working the
machinery more hours and the men
and women fewer hours. "We must
havo a six-hour working day for men
and romen." It haa been contended
that less than half of the population
are active producers of wealth, and
to make good the wastage of war, all
able-bodied men and women, irrespective of rank, must work six hours a
day for six days a week, from school
leaving age to dotage.
'' There will be no place in the whole
British Empire," ia another remarkable statement of the noble lord, "for
the idle rich or the idle poor. We can
not consent, aa a nation, to there being
any loafors, nor can the British Empire become a loafer's paradise if it
is to continue to exist."
i Neighborly Tableau.
First day: Speak; second day, talk;
third day, gossip.
LOOAL TBADES VYIOq DXBBOXOSY
These ure the mon
under whom 375 members of various
0,ib-commUtces assigned to tho study
can they boat us.   Wc didn't havo tho* of all phases of Labor'a part in the
linemen then or C. N. R. operators with
us. If this strike is not settled in n
day or so then cut communications
with tho east and west, cut the cables
with the casualties and overseas and
war news. Wc have to take some drastic action to wake up the govornment."
"The government appointed the conciliation board," stated Mr, l'awson.
"Thc board made their finding in
favor of the men. The G. N. W. defied the board and wc should see the
government makes the G. N. W. Co. accept tho award, Tho company argues
that to grunt tho men thc awarded increase would rain them financially, but
they aro willing to fight the men. They
have no consideration for tho public's
interest and at a *iroo like tnis the
public should bo considered. Thc men
went the limit beforo they struck The
G. N, W. Co. is too «hcnp, too arrogant,   They never did anything for the
Food Controller Reports Progress,
"The first duty of the food controller, let mo remind you, is not to cut
prices, eliminate middlemen, 'sell goods
at cost,' or correct in a day economic
evils which an unthrifty and luxurious
uso has allowed, oven encouraged, to
grow up but to protect Canada, tho
Canadian troops and our shartx of tho
war of tho Empire »giiinst /oisastor
through famine—I use the word without any exaggeration, I cnn do this
only by decreasing consumption, and as
far as posiblc, increasing production.
Against thc other price-raising factors,
against competitive buying by foreign
governments, ngainst unequal distribution of resources, against speculators,
groody taiddlemcn, nnd- wasters, the
public will be vigilantly protected."—
Hon W. J. Hanna, in a statement is-
war are serving and cobimanding the
fullest support and co-operation of thc
big influences of the country.
Protection of tho rights of all
parties, discouragement of movements
by either capital or Labor to oxploit
tho country's need for personal gain,
and the development of .the combined
remittees of cupital nnd 1 .a heir to their
highest efficiency in behalf of tho country summarizo tho immediate aim of
the committee
With a federal election coming soon
in this country and bringing with it
a reconstruction of governmental
policy, tho foregoing news of what our
neighbors across the line aro doing, is
perhaps timely
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. B. Mee-
lands, Box 66.
Barbers—8. H. Grunt, 1801 Seventh tvenue
weet.
Birtendon—W. H. Smith, Box 424. .
BUokimltfti—Malcolm  Porter,   View   Hill,
B. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderor, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eest.
Boilermakers—A. Fruer, 1151 Howe street.
Boot and  Shoe Workers—Tom Cory,    182
Temple ton drive.
Brewery Workeri—A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth avenue west.
Bricklayers—William    S.    Dagnall,    Ubor
Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters Dlitrlet Council—
0. If. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L, T.
Holloway,  1187 Harwood street. Seymour
1348R.
Brotherhood   of   Locomotive   Firemen   and
Englnemon—H, Q. Savage,  1285 Hornby
street.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—■
Brotherhood    of    Malntenance-of-Way    Employees—E. Corado, 280 Clark drive.
Building Trades Couneil—Victor R. Mldgley,
Room 210, Labor Temple.
Butchers and Meat Cutters—Alex, Morrison,
82 Elevonth avenne west.
Clftarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory,  Georgia street.
City Firemen's Union—Syd. Jackson, No. 1
Fire Hall, (fieymour atreet.
Civle  Employees—G. Harrison,  1428  Kitchener street.
Civio  Employees,   North  Vancouver—G.  T.
Junkin, 153 Sixth street west, North Vancouver.
Cooks,   Waiters,   Waitress**—W.   McKensle,
Room 200, Labor Temple,
Deep Sea JPlshermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne.
Electrical  Workers—E.  H.  Morrison,  Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers    (Steam   and  Operating)—V.   A.
Alexander, Labor Temple
Granite  Cutters—Edward Harry,    Columbia
Hotel.
Garment    Workers—Mrs.    Jardlne,    Labor
Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborera—Labor
Tomple.
Lathers—Thos, Anderson, 431 Seventh ave
nuo east.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight,    177  Soven
toenth avonue west.
Longshoremen—F.   Chapman,    804    Pender
street west.
Longshoremen's   Auxiliary,     No.   38-52—E,
Winch, 1318 Howe street.
Mnnhintats—J. Brooks,    Room 211.    Labor
Temple.
Machinists, No. 777—W. Street,    12 Fraser
block,  North Vancouver.
Machinists,   No,   720   (Garagemen)—H.   H.
Trail,  746  Gilford atnet.
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Room 80S, Labor
Temple.
Molders—G. F.  Nichols,    121 Sixth avenue
west.
Moving   Picture   Operators—A.   0.   Hansen,
P. 0.  Box 345.
Order of   Railroad  Conductors—G.   Hatch,
761 Beatty street.
Painters—D.  Lemon,      Room  303,      Labor
Tomple.
Plumbers—J.   Hays,   Room   206%,     Labor
Templi',    Phone Sey.  8611.
file   Drivers   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    P.O.  Box  1320.
Pressmen—E.  Waterman,   1167  Georgia   St.
Press Assistants—
Plastorors—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteenth avenue wi-ht.    Plionn Bay. 2215L.
Pattern Makers (Vancouver)—E. Westmoro-
Innd,  3247 Point Grey road.
Hallway  Mnil  Clorks.
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 1073
SPORTYYOUNG COATSfor MEN
They are distinctive »nd sonietMng; more than just a warm ertra imp
thot virtll keep a man warm.   They ara here, too, at priees young men
can pay.   Instance thoae:
117.50 for a c6at in a medium light grey tweed, satin yoko lining, plain
collar, vertical pockets, buttoning through.
•22.60 tof sporty mixed brown, shoulder lined,  velvet collar,  turned
cuffs, patch pockets.
120.00 for a dark grey plaid tweed coat with self collar, shoulder lined
and patch flap pockets.
(20.00 for a medium grey, black and white, tweed coat, with velvet
collar, turned cuff and patch flapped pockets.
$20.00 for a dark brown plaid frieze coat with velvet collar and patch
flap pockets.
$26.00 for a goodi full weight coat in flared stylo with raglan shoulder,
slash pockets.
NOTE: AU the above coats are in the short three-quarter lengths, 16
and 48 inches long.
For Men Who Want Heavier Coats
Wo have aU the variety they are likely to ask, including a "corking
good" blaok melton with velvet collar. It would be quite impossible
to dupUcate this coat today at the price. Also heavy tweeds in all the
wanted colorings—full length coats. fuU lined, with storm collars for
mon who want warm coats for driving, motoring, etc.   Prices $16.00
to   .—.  $30.00
A grey ohinchilla, youth's size, with bolted back, price $17JO
FuU length grey chinchilla coat, bolted back, price $22.60
We will gladly show you any or all of the coats mentioned.
—Hen's Store, Main Floor.   .
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
VANCOUVEB UNIONS!
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETS
irst wd third Thursdays, Eswutto
board: President, J. Kavanagh; vice-president, J, Hubble; general secretary, Victor
R. Mldgley; treasurer, Fnd Knowles; ier-
Eant-at-anas, Geo. Harrison; truteei, J. H.
oVety, 0. J. Kelly, A. MoDonald, A. J.
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADIB OOUNOIL-
Meets/second  Monday   in  tha  montb
Pntldent, Geo. Bartley;   aeentary, R. H,
Nwlands, P. 0. Ban .6,
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 076.—Meets
flnt Sunday of eaeh month, Labor
Temple. President, John Martin; flnanolal
secretary, J. Smith, 010 Holden Bldg., Box
424, phone Bey. 2572; ncording saentary*
Wm. Mottlshaw, P.O. Box 424, Vancouver,
B. 0.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union af Amerloa, Looal No. ISO—
MeeU Snd aad 4th TWaye ta tha month,
Raw SOS Labor Temple. Pnaldent. L. I
Herrltt; aeentary. S. H. Grant, 1071 Alberni
straet.
BRICKLAYERS AND  MASONS,  NO.   I—
Meat Snd and 4th Wedneadaya, • pjk,
807.
*t
soontary,
llth;'
    President, Chaa.    .	
responding aeoretary, W. B. Dafaall, Boi 81;
BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS, Local
No. 017—Moota every flnt and third Man-
day erenlnt, • p.ss., Labor Tomplo. President, R. w. Hatlor; flnanolal eeantarr, G.
Thom; recording secretary, G, H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Tomplo.   Phono, Sey. 7415.
BREWERY WORKERS. L. U. Na. 881,1. U.
U. B. W. af A.—Moots flnt and third
Wedneaday af oaoh month, Roam SOS, Labor
Tomple, 8 p.m. President, 1. Graham; aeon-
tary, A, E. Altered, Suite 1, 1781 Fonrth
avenne west.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Inn Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vaneoaver Lodce No. 194—Moots
every Monday, 8 p.m, President, A. Campbell, 230 Snd street; aoentarytnasunr,
Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe atnet; business
agent, J. H. Canuiehael, room 813 Labor
Temple.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM ASD
OPERATING ENGINEERS — Looal No.
•80. Moots every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Tomplo. President, D. Hoifoa; vloe-presl'
dont,     P.    Chapman;     seentarytreaaanr,
W. A, Alexander,  » «.—   .-*--
Phone Bay. 7**5.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THI
Paelfle—Meats at 487 wore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p-m.    Ruwell Kearley, bnelnen
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 818
—Moeta in Room 805, Labor Templo.
orory Monday, 8 pja. Pnaldent, D. W. Me
Deogall, 1182 Powell atnet: neordlng aeentary. John Murdoch, Libor Tomplo; flnanclal
soontary and business sunt. E. H. Morrison,
"al.".' i'Uiamm "Mt.  E.
t 307, Ubor Tomng.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Leoal 88-62—OMoe and hall,
804 Pander atroot east. Moota every Than-
day 8 p.m, Secntary-tnaanrer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Oorda* Kelly.
I, L._A„ LOCAL 81-88 AUXftjART— (Ma*
rlno Warehousemen and Freight Handfan)
heedqoarten, 488 Howe atnet. Moota flnt
aad third Wodnnday, 8 p.m. Saentary, and
business agent, E. Wlnoh.
MACHINISTS. NO. 188—MEETB SEOOND
and fourth Thundaya at 8 p.m.   Pmt
dent,   Wm.   Small;   neardinn   aeantan   J
311 Laber Tomple.   Soymonr 7416.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
ton' Union. Local 848, I. A. T. S. E. I
M. P. M. 0.—MeeU flnt Sanday of eaat
month. Roam 804, Labor Templo. President
J. R. FesUr; business agent. Bam Haigh,
flnanolal aad corresponding eaentary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Bex 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeU aaeend and fourth Mondaya,
Room 804, Labor Tomplo. Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1828 Grant atnet; flnanolal aer
retary, J. Lyons, 1648 Venables street; recording aecreury, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Pt.
Orey read.    Phene Bayvlew 2978L.
BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS—Looal No.
188—Meets seoond and fonrth T^nn-
days of each month, room 308, Labor
Temple. President, H. Pink; vlco-prosidfttit,
I). Hughf.ii; nnanclal secretary; G. H. Wei-
ton; recording secretary, D. Lemon, room
BOS,  Labor Temple.
Melville street.
Seamen's   Union—W.
1305.
Structural    Iron    Workers—-Roy
Labor Temple.     .
S. Burns,    P.O.  Box
Massecar,
Everybody Now Satisfied.
Tho Toronto Street ruilway has voluntarily extended tho award of tho recent bonrd ot conciliation to include
rond toasters nnd inspectors. It is also
stated Ihut tho munugor is living up
to ovory detail of the award, such as
recognition of tho union, the soniority
clauso nnd making thc running schedules satisfactory. Even thoso members
of tho union who opposed tho award
aro satisfied now, mi the union officials
snj', that the benefits are becoming
moro apparent.
The recent visit of James Simpson
and P. M. Draper, representing the
Trndes and Labor Congress of Cnnadn,
to the convention of the Maintenance
of Way men was ■mwcessful, in that
5,145 members of tho union in Cnnnda
will ro-afflHato with Ihe congress. After
hearing the eloquent plea of tho delegation, the return to tho fold wns
unanimously agreed to.
The Brantford Labor men have organized, and will endeavor «o nave representation iu thc next federal parliament. \
Tho executivo councH of tho Greater j
Room  208,  .
.Stonecutters—*
Sheet Metal Workers—
Stiimvriirhu and Caulkers—Room 212, Labor
Tomplo.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W, Hardy, 445
Twenty-third stroet west, North Vancouver,
Steam Shovel nnd Dredgcmen—Chas. Force,
05 Powell street.
Streot Railway Kmployoos—A. V. Lotting,
2501 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Hayley, c|o Daily Province.
Tolograpnbn—E. B. Peppln,
Tailors—H.  Nordland,  Box  503.
Teamsters nnd Chauffeurs, No, 655—B.
Showier,   1070   RobHon  stroet,
Theatrical Stnico Employeos—Geo. W. Allln,
P.O. Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpors—A. Jamieson, 540
Twenty-third avenue oast.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley,  Room  210,  Labor Temple.
Typographical Union—H. Neolands, Bov 60.
RETAIL CLERKS' UNION—LOCAL 270—
Meets in Labor Temple every flrst and
third Tnesdays, 8:15 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P, Glen, 1073 Melville
streot, phone Sey. 5B48R.
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION, No. 1565
—Meets second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. President, C.
Soams; recording secretary, W. Hardy, 445
23rd street west, North Vancouvor; flnanclal
secretary, H, PheJps.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM
ployees. Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, seeond and fourth Wed
nesday* at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-prusldont, E. S. Cleveland; recording oeo.
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2501 Trinity street,
phone Highland 188R; flnanclal eecretary and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 3400 Clark
drive, office corner Prior aad Main streets.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Fumitiire Co. Ltd.
*-    41 Haitian Stntt Wnit
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month, 0 p.m. Preeldent, J, T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 508; flnanclal secretary, T.
Wood, P. p. Box 60S.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHAUFFEURS UNION—Local No, 655—Meots
•ivory Wednesday at 8 p.m. 1'rusident, J. il.
McVety; businoss agent, J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenuo east. Phono, Fairmont
71 "ilt; flnanclal secretary, Bert Showier,
1076 Hobson street, phono Seymour 5670.
Ofilc-3, room 206 % Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 230—Meet*
last Srtnday of each month at 2 p.m
Prosldent, W. S. Armstrong; vlee-presldent,
R. 0, Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS |
8. 0. KDBUIIOM OI- LABO«—ataata tl
aanaal oom.ntion ia Jaaaair.   baaatlw
claan. UIMII FraaMaal t. liajlor, In
415,   Canbarlaadi   •>— ■**-'-   ""
tar: imTlTlKV.tr, T.'STaTajlar.' llSot
T-wpla. Viataitai /. Tailor, Baa MU. Ta*.
eoavar Xalaad: W. Haaa. Boaife WalUaftam.
Frlaea Bapart: W. X. Taaaipaaa. Bex 0M.
Maw Waaulaater: W. Yataa, IM Lnlei
alraal. Kootoaar Dlatrlct: A. Onattla, Bax
It, Trail. Onwa Baal Valla?: W. B. n»
Upa,   XJ6   MaPknua   araaaa.    ato~to—
«*-. *<■ mramoD aveaaa. Baaratan*
traaaaror: A. A Walla, Bn Ull, TIMarb,
B. 0.
VIOTOBIA TBADI8 ADD LABOB OODH-
CHr-KeaU int aal Iklrd Wadaaadai*.
Labor Ball, 1414 Oararanaat atreat, al I
pja. Pnaldaat. B. Carlatophar, Bos 117;
Tiaa.praald.at, Oarlallaa Slrarti, 1371 Dai-
aaa atnet; aeereUi7, B. Blauoaa, Box 101,
Vlalorta, B. tt
ww wmimmn. a. a.
BAmTSXDtBS' IHTEBHATIOBAL L1ASUI
et Anirlta, local 714, Bear Wealaalaatar.
 Jaref eeea auatk at 1-10
tM.   Seeretarr, t. W. Jemeaoa. Boi 400.
Htncoi wnw.B, o.
PBIMOI BUPIBT TRADES AHD LABOB
Conacil—Moota aaeead ud feartk Taoe-
dara of eaat aualt, b Cerpeatera- kail. Pie-
afloat, A. O. Haadoaald; oearotarr. f. I.
iMi.net. Bex 171, Prlaae Beport, 8. 0.
SOUTH __________ V. L
MgALXWOlf. HO. 171, U. II. W. OF
■••ujeomMl aad foartk Baadar *■*•
*•■."•„,", »••?»», Bloaarda Bell.
deal, Welter Hoad, .„
lor: rceordlni aeerelarr. *■-** -
dal uerotarj. W. Il.o4oo.ld
B.  Rlehardion.
. _ Proal*
•rtcpreeldeat, A. Woet-
-, tea. Bateau
treuorer, J.
TBAH. B. 0.
BBOTHEBBOOD OF  0ARPEKTEB8  AMD
JOINEKS, Local Ho. 2W—lieoto la Mlaera' Ball every Wedoeedar, 7:80 p.m.   Pnaldent,    :  eecretary,  James  Orabaa.
Box 8., Trail, B. 0.
NEWS STANDS
The Federatlonist I, for tele la
Vancourer at the following aewa
itand,:
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
194 Heetlnn Street Eaat
P. 0. NEWS STANDS.
Foot Granville Street
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
.  Corner Halting, and Columbin
Every Union MU Who Visit!
the Labor Temple
Should p»tronlie the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
008M NO MORE,
BOT IT ALL HELPS
SMITH'S BORON WOSSS
. H"""llchlnf, button, covered, aeal-
lepplw button kolae, plnkln, *lp.?,.
at aad .krlaalnc, lettering, pieot odg-
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VAUOOOVBB, 1.0. ViOToSSTb*
bono 1100
Paono 0_. aiti
BAGGAGE
Delivered to ud from All Tr»ln»,
Boats,   Hotels   ud
Residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
In Padded Vans by Experts
—Phone Os Day or Night—
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404, 405.  UNION STATION
Jingle Pot Coal
Greatest for Heat—Lasts Longer
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 8800. 1629 MAIN ST.
WE WILL KEEP YOUR FAMILY ON THE PAYROLL
WHEN YOUR NAME DROPS OFF '
THE MONARCH LIFE ASSURANCE CO.
C. A. 0BY8DALE, Manager for B. 0.
411 ROGERS BUILDING
Phone Sey. 0770 for appointment and we will arrango same for your
convenience. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
k
High-grade Dental, services at
prices you can afford to pay
Phone
Seymour 3314
Evenings by
Appointment
MACHINE-MINED OOAL
IN0EEASINO YEABLY
Orer Eleven Per Oent. Last Year Came
from Labor-saving Devices
in Mines.
In his report for 1916, published
about two monthB ago, the chief inspector of mines stated that during the
year mining machines produced 279,630
tons of coal, or 11.24 per cent, of the
whole production of tho province for
the year. This is a slight increase over
the quantity similarly mined in 1915,
when the percentage was 10.43 per
cent, of the year's total production.
Of the total machine-mined coal for
1916, the Western Fuel company pro
dnced 229,541 tons, or 82.10 per cent.;
the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir),
Ltd., 30,089 tonB, or 10.75 per cent,
and the Princeton Coal & Land company, Princeton, Similkameen, 20,000
tons, or 7.14 per cent.
WILL THEY DEMAND
A NEW SOOIAL OEDEE?
"That this war and its heitage of
burdens will break down the dam is
the hope of all democrats. To thwart
Prussian military domination of the
world is our immediate aim. But a
generation in artas for democracy will
not stop here. The people aro long-
suffering and blinded by custom. Not
so will be the returning soldiers of democracy. Their Jong days and nights
in the trenches mast have stirred them
to the wondering and the thinking that
end in conviction. Will they not recognize the autocracy and the slackerism
of those who eat their bread in the
sweat of other men's faces, and demand a new social order aB the reward
of their sacrifices?" Thus speaks Hr.
Charles H. Grasty in The Public. Judging from the attitude of some of the
\ returned veterans here in Canada, who
seem to be more earnestly interested in
boosting the schemes and aims of those
sinister influences and interests in human society that fatten upon the misery, torture and slaughter of the workers, than they are in anything calculate to relieve their own class from
such misery, etc., and from the noble
manner in which the soldiers of Mr.
Grasty's country respond to every call
and requirement of the same sinister
influences, we are forced to the conclusion that they will not "recognize
the autocracy and slackerism of those
who eat their bread in tho sweat of
other men's faces" in any other manner than to bow to its will and obey
its mandate, just as they are doing today. When, men who have gone through
"long days and nights in the trenches"
of a European hell not of their own
making or that of their class, and will
then return and allow themselves to
be used as instruments to aid in throwing others of their class into the shambles of inferno, there isn't much danger to ruling class interests in anything
they are likely to do. When men by
the thousands can be depended upon to
break strikes of their own class, either
by protecting professional strike-breakers in their noble employment or standing by in uniform as a threat and menace and to be used in deadly earnest
if occasion requires, there need be no
alarm amongst rulers and robbers.
When uniformed braves instinctively
rash to the defence of their masters
and rulers, as they Have done in Boston, Oakland and other places recently, and destroy the poor efforts of their
fellow-slaves to lift the burden from
their shoulders, or at least lessen it,
it would look aB though the fool-killer
has yet much to do, ere there is ground
for hopo that gallant warriors in ruling class warfare will pull off any
stunts seriously alarming to those
forces and interests in human society
that are so beniflcently administering
its affairs today.
"WHAT CANADA WANTS"
We are in receipt of copies of a pamphlet, under tho caption as above, from
the pen of Herbert E. Turtle, CalgaTy,
Altn,
The author deals in a most comprehensive manner with thc present political crisis, and elenrly uncovers the renl
issues lying behind the "win the war"
and '' conscription and anti-conscription" policies of the old political parties. He brings to the front the real
bearing that present governmental policy has upon the working class nnd its
highest and best interests, and points
out with unerring instinct the essentially reactionary character of that policy,
and how utterly destructive it is of all
that makes for progress and a better
civilization.
Mr. Turtle hns made a commendable
effort to bring light to bear upon some
very perplexing phases of the present
political situation, and to enable the
voter to safely steer his cdarse through
the fog that in purposely created by
those interests in human society that
can only exist and thrive by his confusion and betrayal. His little pamphlet
may be profitably read by nil, and especially by the working people and
such others as arc desirous thnt things
political and economic should be so
shaped ns to meet with the require'
ments of human progress and tho at
tainment of a better civilization.
The price of the pamphlet ia 10 cents.
Copies may bo obtnined by addressing
the author, Herbert E. Turtle, 925 Four
and a Half street, SunnyBide, Calgary,
Alta.
Where are tho old inhabitants who
declared that heavier-than-air machiiei
would never prove practical for travelling through the eirf
MEATLESS DAYS.
Oli! we gasp in admiration
Of the genius who flrst
Evolved the grand idea   of   meatless
days, -
For if acking inclination
Into uniform to burst,
We can help our country now in other
ways.
If we eat no beef or bacon,
And cut out the breakfast ham,
Live on oysters, veal and veniBOn,
Eggs and fish, fruit, cream, and jam,
We'll not only feel far better than we
ever did before—
We'll "economize and help to win the
war."
And the merry little baker,
As he makes the new War Bread,
HaB a dream of coining riches,
Passing through his busy head.
For although the stuff he makes is now
much poorer than before,
You will pay the same price for it, and
perhaps will soon pay more,
So don't question his sincerity if you
he should implore
To "economize and help to win the
war."
If you're working like a nigger,
For a wage that's small and mean,
Don't suppose this means for you a
pleasant change.
Yoa will find your waist no bigger,
You will still be lank and lean,
And a .hearty meal to you will still look
strange.
But you'll have the joy of knowing
On your many meatless days,
Still, doubtless, more than two a week;
That you merit all our praise,
And* though your meals grow smaller
while the price of them iB more
more,
Your economies will help to win the
war.
B. B. F.
M'LEOD CAFE IS
UNFAIR TO THE
Girls Complain of the Treatment They Receive and
Poor Wages
FUNEEAL OF A. ENGLAND
Lata -Member of Daily Province Staff
Is Laid to Beit.
The funeral of the late Mr; Alfred
Henry England of The Province composing room staff, whose death occurred
on Tuesday morning last, waa held on
Saturday afternoon from the family
residence, Boyal Oak, to Mountain
View cemetery. Services at the residence and graveside were conducted by
Bev. A. E. Cooke, a large number of
the friends and relatives of the late
Mr. England being present.
Among the former were the members of the Typographical union, who
attended in a body bb a mark of respect for their departed brother, the
pallbearers being J. It, Parisien, W.
S. Thomson, W. C. Jones, W. H. Jordan of the Typograhpical union, and
J. H, Young and J. Dixon, neighbors
of tbe family in Burnaby. Many
beautiful floral tributes testified to the
high esteem in which the late Mr.
England, who had been a resident of
Canada for the past twelve years, was
held by his numerous friends. He is
survived by a widow, his father, three
sisters and four brothers, in England,
the last mentioned all being in the
military service.
The Judge and His Dog.
A well-known judge went into a
butcher shop one morning, After a
brief talk the butcher Baid: "Judge,
will you give me a little legal advice?
Suppose a dog should come into your
shop and steal a piece of meat, what
would.you dot"
"Sue the dog's owner," said tho
judge. "Was it a valuable piece of
meat?"
"It was a flne roast, worth Ave dollars."
"Well," said the judge, "I should
sue the owner, thon, for five dollars."
yGood," said the butcher, with a
grin j "it was year dog, judge."
The judgo smilingly paid the butcher
and left.
Soon afterward tho butcher met the
judge.
"Judge," he said, "I have hero a
bill from you for five dollars. Wbat
is that for?"
Tho judge smiled again. "That,"
he said, "is for the legal advice I gave
you about that dog."—Shoe Workers'
Journal.
Issues False Statement
to the Public As to
Conditions
In the interest of fair piny und on
behalf of a n'amber of women who are
at present involved in a strike at the
McLeod cafe, Granville street, a fow
facts need to be stated. The proprietor
of the cafe claims to have been paying
$6 per week for a four-nour day; $7
per week for a five-hour day; and $10
for a nine-hour day, with Uirec meals
included in every case. This statement carries its own refutation on tho
face of it, regarding meals, in the first
two cases. Four-hour help works from
12 o'clock noon to 2 p.m., and from 6
p.m. to 8 p.m. daily, and five-hour help
a half-hour longer to each period.
That such help also includes three
meals is absurd, as the hours of work
will illustrate.
Then, in regard to wages, contend
union officers, it should be 'understood
that wages paid at the McLeod cafe
are for seven days weekly, and not
six days, as claimed.
The union scale calls for $10 for an
eight-hour day and six days per week.
Waitresses, working five tiours only, to
receive $7 for six days, and waitresses
working less than five hours, to receive
30 cents for the flrst hour and 25 cents
for each succeeding hour.
Although one day off per week has
from time to time been promised, this
has been honored more in the brench
than the observance.
The male waiters of Vnncouver
(union men) work only six days per
week, and the waitresses seek through
organization to obtain the same privilege.
The trouble in the present instance
is the result of discriminating ngainst
waitresses by discharging them, becnuse they belong to the union.
Messrs. McLeod state that they are
willing to employ 'union waitresses
when they hnve a vacancy, but they
are apparently much more willing to
create vacancies and fill .thom with
non-union help.
The waitresses' claims are in every
way reasonable. They should not bc
compelled to work 365 dnys a year,
and moreover, It should be borne in
minds that when a waitress works for
four or five hours in any enfe at the
rush meal hours, that her time and
earning capacity as a waitress has been
thus fully occupied and that the work
cannot be classel as "spare time," but
represents full earning capacity.
ThiB is a woman's struggle for a
six-day week and proper conditions,
which the girls, feel only an efficient
organization can guarantee,
The residence of Prof. Scott Nenring, of Toledo, Ohio, was raided recently by government sleuths nnd procurers, who ransacked his papers, correspondence, notes and other scientific
material dealing with economic nnd sociological problems. Much of this material the aforesaid procurers carried
away with them, presumably for the
purpose of enabling autocracy to work
up a case against Nenring, if possible.
As every act of Prof. Nearing has been
an open book nnd all that he hns ever
written and the material he hns gathered has been at nil times at the inspection of nnybody who wished to
make enquiry, no other reason cnn be
divined for this raid than that of the
morbid sensitiveness of tho authorities
who, knowing their own purposes to be
criminal ond in violation of all principles of morality nnd decency, attribute similar criminal instincts and
practices to those who are decent
enough to gag at their criminality. No,
dear reader, thiB despicable raid upon
the premises and seizure of the private
property of a decent and law-abiding
citizen, did not occur in Bubhib during
the reign of the Csar. Toledo, Ohio,
is in the United Statos of Amorica,
"the land of the free and the home
of the brave;" the land of Don Wilson
Quixote, the champion long-distance
goose-quill terror to autocracy, champion of democracy and wet nurse of
liberty.
A   BUTCHER'S   CONSOLATION.
Don't think  we're a lot of heathen
That live by the slavery plan,
Because we work at the btoeic
Till eight, nine or ten o'clock
Doing the beat we can.
While the boss gets all the proflt
Prom the  sweat of our honest  brow,
Surely this thing can be righted
If we all Join the anion now.
Organiie," that Is onr motto;
Without It we can't get far.
Start in and climb np the ladder—
Don't alwaya stay where you are.
De brothers In bond united.
Meet us on Tuesday night.
Think of your home and don't stand alone,
Believe me, we'll see you right.
A  butcher's a man, not machinery—
Please always bear that in mind.
Be one of ns boys; share In our joys.
Gut out that continual grind.
Labor's worth money,  so get it—
Oet it by fair means, not foul.
Come up to the scratch! Strike like a match I
You'll never have cause to growl.
A onion card pack in your pocket:
(lo through the world all O. K.
Oet what  you earn without asking;
Tou II say "Ood bless the union" some day.
 —H. E. WILLS.
"The man who is inclined at times
to regard himself as the whole cheese
in the Labor movement may lind something in the reflection thut nfter all
he is merely a mite—a creature born
of the movement's age und strength."
"The flrst casualty when war is declared is truth."—Maude Hoyden.
"Merode"
{Hand-Finished)
Underwear
FOR FALL AND
WINTER
SERVICE
The superior quality of
Merode wear, its attractive style and finish,
makes it the choice of
women who buy the best.
Merode Underwear is
beautifully fashioned and
every garment is finished
by hand.
Merode Vests, in high or
low neck styles, average
sizes, at $2.00, or large
sizes at $2.25.
Merode  Union Suits  in
various   styles, average
sizes, at $3.75 or large
sizes at $4.25.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
LABOB NOMINEES
Toronto Will See Seven Labor Hen ln
Federal Fight.
Tlio Greater Toronto Labor party
hus named for tho forthcoming election, seven candidates. Tho nominating convention wob of a strictly private
nature, but according to a statement
handed out tho following were the candidates nominated to represent Labor
at tho elections: J. H. Balluntync, tho
newly appointed secretary, for East
York; D. A. Carey, South York; J.
Wntt, Parkdulc; J. T. Qunn, Ccntro
Toronto; Jatacs Richards, prosident of
the a. T. L. P., North Toronto; John
Vick, third vice-president, Toronto, and
Walter Brown, first vice-president of
thc party, und president of the Trades
and Lnbor council, West Toronto.
LEAVES FOB COAST
Labor Adjustment Board on War to
Pacific Coast.
The lnbor ndjustrncnt bourd left
Wushington, D. C, on Tuosday for tho
Pacific coast to take up strikos which
arc hampering shipbuilding operations.
It will go first to Senttlo, and then to
Portland and Ban Francisco.
Equal Fay for. Equal'Work.
Women teachers in Britain aro demanding that they shall bo puid at tho
sumo rate ns men teachers. Mr. Sidney Webb stntcH thero is no warrant
now in politicnl economy for paying
a womnn less than a man for on
equivalent of work. Such nn idou was
a masculine superstition and a disreputable superstition—especially for any
govornment department to maintain.
..October 12, 191
WM -
Militarism  Depends  Upon
Rum and Flamboyant
Patriotism
Victoria Unionists' Standard
Bearer In Federal Election
ALBERT S. WELLS
Secretary-treasurer  of tho   II. O.  Fnli-rutliin at Labor   nnd   general   secretary   of
Vlctorln Trade* nnd Labor Council, who wm nominated, nt the convention this week
called by the Federation Mtofltltlvo, n* [.iibtirN candidate in tho forthcoming federal
election, in the conHtituency of Victoria City.
Also  Official  Sermons  of
Militant Christians
Help Some
[Frank Cotton, in Australian Worker]
Thero is a strange and apparently
hopeless contradiction between the
proved facts of science, in relation to
the effect of ulcohol on the human body
and mind, und the incontestable fact
that in the greatest modern military
mnchine, tho German army, alcohol is
freely uaed.
Even when u committee of the most
eminent German scientists had to investigate and report upon the food problem
in a time of scarcity, the uanimouB verdict was, that from a military standpoint it would be a mistake to reduce
the nmount of food grains used for the
manufacture of alcoholic liquors.
It is of no use attempting to belittle
German military science, and therefore,
unpalatable as the verdict inny be from
a moral reform standpoint, it must be
conceded that the free use of alcohol is
quite compatible with military efficiency, even if we do not concede, us the
German scientists did, that intoxicants
are absolutely indispensable to such efficiency.
Prom a purely physiological standpoint Buch a conclusion seems absolute
nonsense. Who can suppose for n moment that the members of an athletic
team would be drugged with alcohol,
either daring training or at the time of
their entering a contest?
No medical mun of any nationality,
and no physical cnlturalist who valued
his reputation, could possibly recommend a heavy dose of alcohol just before starting for a Murathon race, for
instance. To Btart any test of physical
endurance under the influence of any
"dope" would be not only to court defeat, but to lay tho foundation of a
wrecked constitution nnd a ruined nervous aystem.
Yet German soldiers, and some others,
are systematically "doped" just beforo
the most tremendous physical efforts
are required of tliem, and such doping
takes place under circumstances which
must produce u very high percentnge of
nervous wrecks.
Tho explanation of this apparently
unscientific use of alcohol by a highly
scientific people lies in the fact thut
there is a wide difference between the
ideal of military efficiency nnd what is
commonly regarded ns mental or physical well-being.
From a militury point of view, if a
drug could be discovered which would
mnke it possible for n young man in
perfect health at the nge of twenty-five
to use in onc hour hi* entire life stock
ot vital energy, which under normal
circumstances would carry him on for
another fifty years, the use of thnt drug
would be perfectly justified.
The connection between "dope" in
its various nuni(lentions and efficient
militarism is n very close one. Men
with moral sensibilities coutd not efficiently burn villages, or turn a fertile
land into a desert.
It is of no use shutting our eyes to
the lurid fact that tho wholo atmoB-
phere of war is thnt of n condition of
moral squalor which must be offensive
nnd repugnnnt to any normal human
being.
Militarism depends on a scientific use
of "dope"—physical, mental nnd moral
"dope." There is » very close physiological connection between the effects of ovorproof rum, flamboyant political speeches, and t*o official sermons
of militant ecclesiastics. All these factors contribute to militnry efficiency, in
so far as they dethrone reason, confound ethical values, and destroy moral
sensibility.
DEATH OF MRS. OAKES
Mrs. Ada, wife of Mr. Robert OnkoB,
a well-known member of the U. M. W.
of A., Bnnkhead, Alberta, died in Vancouver on Oct. 5, and was buried lh
Mountain Viow cemetery here, on Monday. She leaves her husband nnd
three young children. Mr. Oukcs left
for Bunkhend on'Tuesday evening.
Disorder and Lack of Priority
Tho Federationist is in receipt of a
lengthy nnd severo criticism of the
mntingoment of tho Melba concert for
the inadequate provisions for handling
thc public. On this occasion tho Horse
Show building was packed by some
0000 persons, and there wns great disorder, owing to the small numbor of
ushers omployed nnd general poor management. A criticism has also been received from a reader regarding the
handling of tho crowds ut ono of the
other locnl theatres. Tho manager of
the latter house, whon questioned by
the representative of Tho Federationist,
expressed his deep regret, for, excopt
on occasions when tho crowd wns especially dense, the patrons have been
well accommodated. Tho manager,
however, gave assurances that in the
fdture the matter of priority in the
linoup for tickets will be observed, or
he will know the reason why.
Jimmy Simpson a Candidate
.Tames Simpson, Toronto, vice-president of the Trades and Labor CongresB
of Canada, is candidate for the Ontario
provincial parliament in the Cobalt
district. His many Cobalt miner friends
think he will be elocted.
Overcoats-
Conservative and
Radical Styles
i Some men desire an Overcoat which will be serviceable and yet conservative in
Style—we can suit such men.
Other men wish the new
Belt or Military styles—we
can please them too. Fabrics
which are guaranteed to
give you satisfaction and
under "Our Right Selling
Plan," moderate prices—
$15, $18, $20, $25, $27.50,
$30, $35.
OowUht IlaitSoiaSW A H*m
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
LETTERS TO
THEfED
Hedley Miners Receive Increase.
The metalliferous* miners of tho Hedley district hnve succeeded iu negotiating a now scale, carrying with it a
wngo increnso of 50 cents per day,
rctrouctivo to Oct. 1.
The word "revolution" shocks certain minds, yet it iB morely a change
from the old to tho now, from worse to
better, from what is outgrown to what
is shaping itself for our future purposes.
Tho "labor leador" wbo fully appreciates the responsibility of his office is to be commended; but the "labor
lender" who falls into the error of
regarding himself as indispensable iB in
need of a severe corrective.—Coast Seamen'a Journal.
HOW EMPLOYEES HAT AID
IK   "NATIONAL   SEBVIOE*
A Special Appeal to Worktn Not to Allow
Employers to Outdo Tham In
Sacrificial Zeal.
Bdltor The Federationlit: Tbe following
press dispatch carries suggestions that moet
with my hearty approval. The "special appeal" suggests a line of sacrificial service
upon the part ot employers of labor that
will, no doubt, be responded to with profound patriotic fortitude and courage:
"Ottawa, Sept. 17.—Reports received
by tbe Military Service council Indicate that steps have already been taken
for the appointment of medical boards
throughout the Dominion. In Toronto,
according to reports received today, 800
men were examined on Saturday and
at other points boards are at work. The
council issued * special appeal to employers :
"To find out, by encouraging their
employees to undergo medical examination, which of them are physically fit.
"Only to make claims for exemption
when absolutely, necessary,
"To lose no time In making any necessary claim for exemption immediately
the proclamation is issued.
"To report promptly to tha dlatrlct
registrar any employee who baa either
failed to report or to make a claim
for exemption.
"By acting along theae lines. It la
pointed out, employers can greatly assist In the effective enforcement of
tbe act with a minimum of disturbance
tu business conditions. The council of
the Canadian Manufacturers' association
haa already pledged itself to assist.
After reading the above, I believe that
In tho interest of fair play tht- Military Service council ahould also Issue a special appeal to  all workers as follows:
To And out, by encouraging their employers tu undergo medical examination, how
many of tbem are physically fit.
Only to make claims for their employer's
exemption when their services are considered
absolutely necessary.
To report promptly to tha district registrar any employer wbo has either failed to
report or made claim for exemption,
Uy acting along these lines, employeea
can greatly assist in the effective enforcement of the act with a minimum of disturbance to industrial conditions. It Ib to be
expected tbat all workingmen will gladly
and patriotically assist in  this respect.
READER.
Vancouver,  Oct.  8.
Condltlona at Copper Mountain.
Editor Federationist: I wish to draw the
attention, if possible, through your paper, to
the conditions now in force at tbe Canada
Copper Co. at Copper mountain, near Princeton. At the present time accommodation is
rotten; men sleeping out anywhere on the
verandahs and floors of building; no bids for
a good many, myself being one. They have
ads. In coast papers for men and no sooner
do some of them see the dump than thoy turn
away, disgusted that they ever saw the big
slave pen, witb ita wonderful "bonne" system underground, from minera to muckers.
Men are paying fares in here and so lose
all tbey have. There la one lad coming,
-snoinw going and one working. The outside boss, by name, Clem Boover (should
be Hoosier) Is very rough tn hla apeech
and actions. All union men and others
please  take note of the  above  conditions.
_ ,   > .   - v A SUBSCRIBER.
Princeton, B. C, Oct. 8, 1917.
"Making tba World Safe for Democracy."
Editor Federationist: According to the
dally press, from which the majority of
people derive tbeir Ideas, tbe great war Is
"to make the world safe for democracy."
Now we of the workera believe In democ
??cfr ?nlyet w? BUe tlmt ln Canada, In the
United States, In Great Britain and elsewhere, in order (o secure men and money
to prosecute this war for democracy, It Is
first of all necessary to censor and suppress
lahor and socialist papers aud forbid the
discussion of tho great problems of war and
peace. Many yeara sgo a libor agitator,
and one who was hanged for "aedltion,"
ridiculed tbo idea of casting out devils
through the aid of the chief or devils, and
yet our rulers who are fighting for democracy have, rather than pay their soldiers
an average wage, established here in Canada
n military despotism, the most degrading
form uf servitude known, and the very
principle that has cursed Germany and
every land that every adopted It.
Tbe fact Is that when any individual government or class la forced to apply hypocrisy and brute foroe la order to alienee the
protest of Us opponents, that alone prejudices their case and demonstrate! their
weakness.
To think that our rulers, with a servile
press and fawning pulpit at their command,
with all powers of schools, colleges, parliaments and picture-shows, cannot atand up
and permit the jury of the people to hear
the evidence for and against tbem I To think
that bere, In Canada, an editor of a socialist
weekly haa recently been Imprisoned for sedition for publishing a leaflet entitled, "Tbe
Price We Pay," for not voting for industrial democracy and for disputing the policy
of Ihe Ottawa government and discussing a
subject tbnt means life or death to millions; and yet this is done "to make the
world safe for democracy I1 *
The truth is, most of the nations at war
do not know wbat democracy means, and if
tbey did would avoid It. The rulers of our
empire and their allies doubtless hate their
commercial and territorial rivals but they
bate and fear, far more, their own awakening workers and the forces making for aoclal
democracy In their own land. The workers
are realising more and more that tbelr real
enemies are not across tht seas, but the
exploiters of the land in which they lira.
True democracy is a government "of, for
and by the people." When did the people
ever have a aay la the making of war or
peace t Under trie democracy, tho government would represent the people, not the
class that rales tke people for the sake of
dividends.
The fact lt, wt ire today undtr a plutocracy, the most profitable form of exploitation   ever  known,   and  the  human  jackals
her* and across the line, aro being made
into millionaires faster today than ever btfort in the world's history. The chattel
alave got hit food, clothing and shelter
direct from his roaster; today, the wage,
slave gets his in1 wages, providing he la ablo
Last spring, I had an Interesting Interview with Count Tolstoy, the Russian. Thia
man had just shocked the civil and military
aristocracy in Vancouver by declaring that
nationalism and imperialism would have to
go, and by asserting that the most of our
current patriotism Is based on Ignorance,
tgotiBm and greed. Ben Jonnson termed it,
"The last refuge of the scoundrel."
The count told me he had come to America
expecting to find a democracy, but had found
S\ft.itoJ,aitf ««« «« Canada that
thB dollar was king, and  that the people
^IV™1!? by * cl»" " tonwwrt. greedy
and heartless as any known in history. The
class lacked the nobility and culture dob-
aessed by rulers of older countries and Is,
in fact, a case of "beggara on horseback,"
He had just been interviewed by members
or the board of trade, the manufacturers'
association, and the press representing them,
and the chief Interest centered on trade,
the success of the great Russian revolution
hinged on the momentous question, "Will
Russia be a market for our goods I"
iJL yJbe ldeflB °/ the honreeoisle are
SSr,«.TIw COnAUl ?f two a"1"11™ 'ectlons;
first, the necessity of a diligent and servile
SET!1 CAM .t0 wpIolt' B«°ndly, '«*>
markets at handsome profits in order to dls-
pose of the plunder. These are the two
gateposts  of paradise of our best people.
No wonder that Tolstoy "felt very, very
lonely in America, and that tbe people did
not understand him."
Mr. Editor, there Is a war for democracy
being fought, but not the one In which "r
plutocrats are reaping glory and profit
The war for democracy Is first beta*
waged between darkness'and light In h5
brain-cells of ike workers.    The labor and
oils and the open forums,  are the battle-
fields of slavery and freedom.
« h* ft?1 I1',thm cin be no true democracy without intellectual liberty and Indua-
trial democracy.    It demands the social own-
aom is at the basis of real democracy. Wbat
have we In Canada today!
Doubtless our rulers fn Ottawa and Vic-
torla mean well, but "the way to hell Sa
paved with good Intentions;" sincerity s
not enoungh, a knowledge of economic law!
s eisent a ; political and industrial action
ft. * k" vlcV,mi °' P'utocracy Is the need of
demoX." W0P'd   lB   t0  be »'e   '°'
Vancouver, Oct. 10.       * J* OTBBr
The Wm. Davieu company, of whicb
the noble baronet holds 51 per cent, of
the stock, had a nice juicy contract of
guaranteed profit infective of mar-
ket values, according to the probe now
in progress. It would be enlightening
ta the Canadian consumers to know exactly the ratio of proflt that was de-
rived by the pork packers on Canadian
consumed pork. That feature haB not
yet been announced. Is it too astounding to let the people know f—The Voice.
At The J. N. Harvey Stores
THIS COOLER WEATHER
MAKES ONE THINK OF
i  Warmer
Underwear
And we oro prepared to meet
your ueods at any priee you wish
to pny from SOo to *4*60 a garment.
Balbriggan Skirts and Drawers,
each    soe
Union Suits  $1,00
Merino Shirts nnd Drawers,
each £    76c
Heavy Fleece-lined ShirtB and
Drawers, ench    86c
For real aervice we recommend Stanfleld'i Unshrinka-
ble Underwear
—as the beBt on the mar*
ket for the money. We aro Belling it today at only 25c a garment advance over three years
ago.
Stanflelds'a   Heavy   Wool-ribbed
Shirts and Drawers. $1.26 to
12.60.
Stanfield's   Fine   Elastic-ribbed
Shirts and Drawers, at $1.26.
11.60, 12.00 and $2.60 each.
Union   Suits,   at   $2.60,   $3.00,
$3.60 to $6.00.
We will repfece say Stufleld's
Underwear if lt shrinks.
Fine English pure  wool Shirts
and Drawers, at $2.00 to $4.60
each.
Two Reliable Stores for Men
in B.O.
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Look for Big Bed Arrow
Sign at
126-127 Hastings St. West
Also 614-618 Yates Street,
VICTORIA

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