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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 19, 1917

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NINTH YEAR.   No. 42
/In Vaneoaver \
\ City, W.00 ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
How To Avoid Patriotic Funds
******     ******      ******      ******
Victory Loans and Tag Days
A Simple Lesson in Simple
Finance  That WiU
Lick the Huns
How to Win the War Without Robbing: the Poor
Rich People
The Federationist is not a victim of
the greenback theory that had sucb a
vogue among financial simps a generation ago. Tbe profound financial knowledge possessed by thiB great family
journal haB been gleaned in the bitter
school of experience, through some years
of persistent effort in attempting to
get something for nothing out of that
whieh never had anything in it to
start with. And we affirm, and we do
it without fear of contradiction, that
what we do not know about the financing of great-undertakings upon nothing more substantial than windy promise and doubtful performance, is also
unknown to the greatest financial experts of this great flnanclal age. But
all of that knowledge, in aU of its
pristine profundity, ii hereby given to
an anxious world, sorely perplexed
by the vexatious problem of how to
pay itB impossible bills with a cash
that does not and cannot exist, except
in the elastic imagination of financial
astrologers and meatpbysicians.
How to Make Money.
Did you ever take a good look at
the stuff that is called money! Well,
if you did you must have noticed that
it consists of nothing but a promise
printed upon a piece of paper. Of
course, if it is metal money it contains
tbe commodty value of the' metal of
which it is composed, but if it Ib the
paper stuff it contains nothing of any
greater value than the promise it conveys. The moBt of it being paper—
bills, notes, checks, drafts, bonds, mortgages, and all of that sort of punk
which amounts to tho same thing—any
one can readily see that all that is required is a printahop to make all of
the stuff that coald be required. Tbe
entire stock of the world'B money consists of nothing but promises that can
never be redeemed, with the exception
of that portion of it which is of metal,
and that only carrieB possible redemption to tbe extent of such exchange
value as may be vested in its metal
Why Need to Borrow?
A government bond is of no great'
er value than a government note, with
tbe exception of such interest as it may
also promise to the holder. -If a government is financially sound enough to
make itB bond good, then it is financially sound enough to make itB notes
good, not only to the extent of tbe face
value of the bond, but also to the value
of the interest such bond iB to draw.
Now if that be bo, then why these
"liberty bond" and "victory bond"
drivesf Why all of thia ridiculous
monkey business of begging, borrowing, cajoling, beseeching, coaxing, and
soliciting for funds to finance the war,
and provide for itB mutilated and tortured victims and their wives, children
and other dependents at homef Why
the necessity of vulgar loan drives,
shameless tag daya and other despicable charity-mongering schemes t And
besides all this, that which it costs to
pull off theso liberty and victory loan
schemes and other money-raising subterfuges, would far'more tban cover the
entire cost of printing enough flimflam
money to finance tbe war from now
till the end of time. It is all flimflam
anyway, bo what is the use of making
all of this fuss about.it f
The End of It AU.
Of coure, everybody knowB full well,
that is, if they know anything and
poBBesB even the rudiments of any
mathematical faculty, that this percious
syBtem of skinning slaves out of the
products of their labor and disposing
of it by Belling it on credit, must in
time break down and the wholo ridiculous affair collapse in universal ruling
class bankruptcy. The fact that nothing can be sold except upon credit, and
that is a fact that will be easily established if one but goea to the trouble
of examining the process of production
and sale, by following the article produced, all tho way from its production
to its final removal from the market
by the ultimate consumer, it will
thjB be discovered, that inasmuch as
the original producor (the worker) is
not paid for its production because
there is nothing in existence wherewith
to make paytaeut, that Initial fact of
non-payment follows the article in
question all through its existence, and
still remains to continually pester the
sonB of men by eternally proclaiming
the crime that has been committed
against the slave in chains who produced the goods.
That final bankruptcy must come. It
ib a mathematical impossibility to forestall it. Borrowing will neither hasten
or retard it. It ia even now knocking
at the door and by the time the curtain has been rung down upon this
glorious Christian carnival of blood and
gore, the collapse will be upon us. If
ruling class governments, and there are
none other, need a little money in their
delectable business, now Ib the accepted time to mnke it. It will nt least
be more dignified and less vulgar to
print the eventually worthless stuff,
than fo get it by playing the mendicant and the bum. And it should be
easy enough now that thoy have been
told how. Of course, other financiers,
of wider fame than this humble sheet,
could have told how to do it, but wisely try to keep the terrible secret to
themselves so ub to conserve their own
game as long as poBsltiTe, And let tbe
, reader not take that for a joke.
After a Month, Whioh Wm Very Busy,
Work Ii Lotting Up, Says
Union Official,
fi that has been, ob-
<- bable that the big
nore for the past
By slacken during
HR and the Long-
to he auxiliary will
S vork that iB ne-
fj|'.ently increased
| utBiderB had to
]r ;- jvill be able to
LU      assistance for
Prom- inforjftt*^
tained, it seeL- i\
rush of worki*,^
month, will ml
the next few _E
shoremen's unioi
be able to handl
cessary. The wt
to such a degree *
be engaged. The
handle the work 1
awhile now. T&   *■
The big banquet i lz uance which the
longshoremen tendered the crew of the
steamer Niagara on her laBt trip here,
in recognition of the stand of the crew
in the late strike, is still the topic of
conversation, though the boys are Bottling back Into their old routine again.
The locals aro in splendid condition
of organization, and the headquarters
on Pender and Howe streets, between
boats, is among the busiest places in
the city.
Not Improbable That the
Guess Is Somewhere
Near Correct
An Ottawa correspondent, in a dispatch to the local daily preaa of yesterday, says:
"Elections will be held before Christmas. That is definite and only unforeseen circumstances will change tho
decision. December 17 is the tentative
date. Nomination day will fall twenty-
eight days before that, ond tho soldiers overseas will start polling their
votes the day after nominations. The
polls will Hoop open overseas for the
whole period thereafter until election
Proposal of Munitions Board Represen
tattvei Bu Bees Accepted.
The Shipyard Helpers' union has
adopted a resolution accepting under
protest the offer of the munitions
bonrd that the men continue at work
pending a settlement of the wage scale
in the United States shipyards, and
that this Bcale will be granted by the
bonrd here and be retroactive to September 1.
During the past few days the union
hns added seventy new members, bringing the total enrolment up to 450,
A branch union of the shipyard helpers of New Westminster and Coquitlam has been formed, and will meet on
the 1st and 4th Mondays in each month,
It will be affiliated with the Trades and
Labor council of New Westminster.
With reference to an article in the
daily press a few days ago, to the effect that tbere - was an '' agitator''
working among the shipyard men of
Coquitlam, Business Agent Hardy here
saya that was pure misrepresentation,
and that he objected to anything of
this kind, though welcoming legitimate
opposition which pats spunk in the men.
No recognized agent of the union hnd
been out to that yard for a considerable
The union has started taking in the
outside men, chlppers und foundry helpers, on the north shore, and the North
Shore Iron Worka Ib now fully orgnnized.
President C. Soams, who resigned.
haa beon succeeded for the balance of
the term by E, Oliver, the vice-presi
Unions Affected by Strike
at   Coughlan's   Will
Take Referendum
Question Is on Acceptance
of Offer to Abide by
Seattle Decision
A vote of sll the members of
unions affected by the strike at
Coughlan's shipyard will be taken
immediately, and a' report made
at a meeting next Sunday at 3
o'clock. This was decided on at
a meeting yesterday afternoon.
Coughlan's has offered to abide
by the decision of the adjustment
board appointed in connection
with the shipyards strike in Seattle, and to make it retroactive to
Sept. 1. It was said last night that the
prospects for a aettlement Took' bright.
Organizer Duncan MeCullum of the
Machinists' and Business Agent Car-
michael of the Boilermakers', returned
from Beattle yesterday morning, where
they were in conference with International Presidents Johnston and Franklin and metal tradeB1 officers, for some
days. /
Pending Decision of Adjustment the Board Work
Will Resume
All of the metal trades of Seattle
affected by the shipyards' strike, except
the boilermakers and painters, will return to work on Monday, and possibly
the other two may. Thia la pending the
decision of the adjustment board, D.
McCallum and J. H. Carmichael, representing the Metal Trades council of
this city, returned yesterday from* Seattle, where they attended various conferences leading up to the decision of
the Metal Trades council of Beattle to
declare the strike off, and asking the
boilermakers and painters to reconsider
and go back with the others.
It is expected it will take tbe adjustment board fully three weeks to ref urn
a decision, as sittings are to be held in
Beattle and Portland, each possibly consuming a week 'a time.
International presidents, including
Franklin of the boilermakers, Johnson
of the machinists, Byan of the sheet
metal workers, Wilson of the pattern
makers, Snelling of thc engineers and
others are in Beattle. All of them recommended the men return to work,
pending the adjustment.
Teamsters' and Chauffeurs'  Local  Is
Now in a Position to Talk
to the Employers.
Tbe Teamsters' and Chauffeurs' held
a big meeting Wednesday night at the
Labor Temple and discussed the enforcement of a nine-hour day on Nov.
1. A meeting with the general team
owners iB soon to bo held. The union
decided on another permanent officer
and appointed Bert Bhowler secretary-
treasurer. New members are coming
in every meeting. Other unions are
usked to assist the Teamsters' and
Chauffeurs' by demanding that milk,
bread and laundry drivers show their
cards. The union endorsed the B. C.
F. of L, candidates and elected three
members to the campaign committee.
Poorly-Paid Working Girls
******     ******     ******     ******
Exploited for Advertising
Wages in Civic Waterworks,
The waterworks committee on Tuesday fixed the pay of men on special
work at $85 and the patrolmen at (76
a month. TeamBters at Capilano and
Seymour will receive 484.50, the chauffeur 9^5. One caretaker will have
$100, two will have *»5, ond five will
receive $85 a month.
" Clerks' Profit Sharing Sule," is the
wny that notorious slave-driving outfit, the Woolworth stores, is advertising a get-thc-money snle iu thiB city.
It would be Interesting to know what
the "shore" of the hard-driven, underpaid clerks in this store is. Tbis is one
of the cheap department stores which
hire young women chiefly and pays
tbem just enough money to exist on.
Probably not that muc-n.
If the books of this store could bo
opened to public saze, and the public
shown the misorhness of the wages
paid to young women, the eyes of the
public, would be opened to the 'miser-
ablenesB of a business which seeks public support and yet docs not pay wagea
sufficient for the girts in its employ to
keep body and soul together. Especially soul.
Not content with paying wages
which are possibly the lowest iu tbe
city, this store is now using its clerks
as part of its appeal to the public to
pits* along to it more money so tbat
the proprietors may thus be able to pile
up the tremendous dividends which
they do annually.
when old man Woolworth, or young
man Woolworth. whichever he is, faces
St. Peter he will have a lot to account
for, In grinding young girls till their
backs ache and pnylng them insufficiently to live decently.
.Some of tbe good ladles of this city
who are so busy driving fallen women
from place to place ought to get busy
on employers of labor who do not pay
;irls wages enough to live decently, A
ittle investigation of the social problem along those linea will show that
n large percentage of women have been
compelled to adopt illegitimate means
of livelihood on nccount of the slave-
driving employers who do not pay
enough for their girls to pay room-rent
and board.
Some Very Mean Citlsens Discourage
Girls Who Want Better
During thc strike of the waitresses
at McLeod's cafe, who are asking better working conditions, tho meanness
of certain businoss men is coming to
tho stirfnee. Some very well-known
professional men, and storekeepers,
bankers, etc., nro showing little sympathy with tbe girl strikers, though
generally, the patrons of restaurants
nre with the girls and want to see
them succeed in their efforts to obtain
better conditions.
It is noticed, too, that some of the
store clerkB, who appealed to and were
supported by organized Labor in their
efforts for a weekly half-holiday, which
gives them not only Sunday off, but
half of Wednesdays, are not displaying
much sympathy with the waitresses,
who are asking only Sundays off—one
day, not a day and a half.
B. C. F. of L Campaign
Committee Gets ih
Line for Work
Takes Steps to Give Valley
of Political Dry Bones
a Good Shake-up
THE UNANIMITY and enthusiasm in evidence at Monday
night'8 meeting of the Vancouver section of thf B. C. P. of L.
campaign committee, was refreshing, and bodes no good for the
Borden union government or any
other party that will tolerate profit-making in W&r times. The
wage-workers of Greater Vancouver have evidently made up their
minds to elect representatives of;
their own. The committee wasted
little time and organization was
the key note of the meeting. Preliminary plans were developed for
a real live campaign, born of necessity, the only law that seems to
drive union men to do their duty
towards themselves.
The next meeting of the committee,
with additional membership, - will be
held in the Labor,Temple on Monday
evening, Oct. 20.
Meantime the mainland vice-presidents of the B. C. Federation of Labor
will hold a session at Victoria on Sunday next, for the purpose of reviewing
the work to date, aid planning for future work in connection with the forthcoming campaign,   f
So far it seems certain that the B.
C. F. of L. will have! at least five candidates in federal constituencies throughout the province. These are: Victoria,
Nanaimo, Burrard, {Vaneoaver South,
East Kootenay and West Kootenay,
leaving Vancouver Centre to the Socialist Party of Canadajwith W. A. Pritch-
| ard as the candidate. Practically all
of the B. O. F. of L. candidates named
are also officials of that organization, Messrs. Wells, Midgley, McVety, Goodwin, with a possibility of
President Joe Naylor for the Nanaimo
The Cheater Vancouver Committee.
At Monday night's meeting thoie in
attendance 'were; Hiss Helena Gutteridge, tailors; G, Kilpatrick, shipyard
laborers; J. Brooks, machinists, No.
182; P. Bengough, machinists, No. 777;
G. Harrison, civic employees; W. Walker, steam and operating engineers; A.
McDonald, brotherhood of carpenters;
F. W. Welsh, plumbers; B. Showier,
teamBters and chauffeurs; A. 0. Hansen,
moving picture operators; B. P. Pettipiece, The Federationist; W. Dagnall,
bricklayers; W. F. Ironsides, pile drivers; C. 8. Cassidy, stonecutters. Other
membera of the committee are: F.
Knowles, letter carriers; P. Bathbone,
North' Vancouver civic employees; T.
Fawkes, boilermakers; H. Neelands,
typos; A. P. Glen, retail clerks; G.
Bicbardson, city firemen; W. McKay,
electrical workers; G. J. Kelly, longshoremen; Fred. A. Hoover, street railway employees; B. W. Lane, butchers.
Additionnl names added were: Messrs.
Crawford, sheet metal workers; Rigby,
street railway employees, and Night-
scales, patern makers.
Unions Given Direct Action.
The secretary of the committee was
instructed to circularize all local unions,
asking that the committee be added to
by sending one delegate for the first
200 membera, and a second if over 200.
This should result in a strong and representative central campaign committee by the time of next meeting,
October 29.
MIsb Gutteridge was selected by the
meeting ob secretary-treasurer and
A publicity subcommittee was named
ns follows: B. P. Pettipiece, V. B. Midg-
ley, J. Brooks, J. H. McVety and Mias
Upon motion, the mainland vice-presidents of the B. C. F. of L. wore nsked
to arrange for a meeting at tbe earliest possible date, for the purpose of
more clearly defining the position and
duties of the respective committees being brought into being.
B. O. F. of L. B ;«cutive Meeting.
With the assistance of long-distance
phone service, the Vancouver members
of the executive of the Federation have
arranged with Secretary-treasurer Wells
for a meeting of We eiecutive at Victoria on Sunday, the mainland delegates going over on Saturday night's
ferry. Convener Pettipiece of the publicity committee, and representing The
Federationist, will accompany tbe mainland delegation.
Ae to Finances
The question of how tho finances,
now being raised in response to a
"call" by the Federation, or to be
raised later, were to be disbursed, was
diBcassed by tbe meeting. Some were
of the opinion .that all monies should
go to the Federation treasury, und be
disbursed from there. Others felt thnt
appropriations would have to be made
by the B. C. F. bf L, executive to the
various constituency committees. Again
it was Btated tbat there were local
unions which would put up money for
a particular choice as candidate, but
would not pay into the general fund.
Finally it was decided to leave the
question over until after the meeting at
Victoria on Sunday, to be again discussed at tbe meeting of the committee
on the 29th.
Eywy Vast on PwUc Now Bu Iti
Union ot Marin.) Firemen
■nd Oilen.
The Marine Firemen and Oilera ot
Britiah Columbia ii the latest union to
join the ranks of organized labor. Bome
montbs ago a raise of $7.60 a month in
wages was obtained by the men in
their unorganized state. Since then the
organization has been perfected, and a
charter has been applied for to the international. If this charter is not obtained, one will bo obtained from the
Paelfle Coast association. With the organizing of the marine firemen and oilers of Vancouver and Victoria, every
port on this coast frota San Diego to
Skagway, Alaska, is organized.
Out of a possible 160 members here,
the union has enrolled 130, and has
promises Of the rest to come in next
month. Offices have been established
with the Sailors''anion at 213 Hastings
street east.
The officers elected are Tom Baldie,
president; P. P. Healy, secretary and
business agent. Thc eiecutive committee is composed of the president and
M. Doris and Charles Martin.
Street Railway Employees
Must Meet Increase in
Per Capita Tax
Pioneer Division, No. 101, Street
Railway Employees, will meet on Wed*
nesday next, the afternoon in Oddfellows' hall, Mount Pleasant, and the
evening meeting et the Labor Temple.
"Owing to a misunderstanding," said
President Hubble to The FederationiBt
last night, "W. H. Cottrell, who was
the division's delegate to the Ottawa
convention of the TradeB and Labor
Congress of Canada, failed to reach the
last afternoon meeting, but that portion of the membership atending the
afternoon meeting, can rest assured
that Bro. Cottrell will be present at
next meeting to give his report. Because of the further detention of Sixth
Vice-president Fred. A. Hoover at Edmonton, on international business, he
was unable to give a personal report of
the big Providence, B. I., convention,
but it has now been received by mail,
and will also be read to the membership at the coming afternoon and even'
Ing meeting.
"Tbe per capita tax, payable to the
international, has been increased from
50 to 65 cents per month, which was
necessary to ensure a sufficient fund to
meet death and disability insurance
claims. Thc local division, before the
beginning of the new year, will have
to arrange to meet the increase, nnd. "
continued President Hubble, "it must
be clear to all the members that this
increase cannot be met without some
further adjustments being made in thc
present system and basis of dues und
assessment collections.
"As this, is a question affecting the
entire membership, it will be necessary
for every member to tnke an active
part in making an equitable adjustment, one tbnt will be satisfactory to
the greatest number."
Labor   Candidate   ln   Burrard   Gets
Good Reception From Civic
Victor B. Midgley, the B. C. F. of
L. enndidate for Burrard, fired his
opening gun last Friday night at North
Vancouver, when he was well received
by the North Shore Civic Employees'
union. Mr. Midgley was promised the
support of the organiation. This local
iB being very successful and will take
in the city firemen, who are negotiating
with the council of North Vancouver
for the same terms us are given firemen in Vancouver. That the firemen
will be successful is practically assured.
Tip to Those Who Are Desirous of Obtaining Tfeeir
Exemption—A Way Opened Whereby Escape
From Pres» Gang Is Possible—A Call
That Is Even Louder Than That of
Our King and Country
Oalgary Bricklayers Stop Work.
Calgary bricklayers on several build'
lags in the course of construction, quit
work Tuesday, in sympathy with the
Carpenters' union. All the work* affected were employing non-union curpenters.
Changed   Conditions   ln   Camps   Predicted   by   Well-Known
Eight hours a day for loggers will
soon be in operation, according to a
statement made by Mr. J, S. Deschamps, lumbermun, and formerly
muyor of Bosslnnd, who was in Vancouver yesterdoy, on his wny home,
after attending a lumbermen's convention across the line.
This question, said Mr. Deschamps,
would soon have to be settled, even it"
it were not decided upon nt the convention referred to, which was not yet
over. He did not think it would make
much difference, however, as the loggers walked to und from their jobs
on tbe employers' time, und if the
eight-hour day was fixed they would
huve to do the-full time at work.
Grand Trunk Bailway Employees Are
Given Wage Increase.
Tbe Grand Trunk railway hns agreed,
it is stuted, to grant the Engineers and
Firemen on all itB lines the benefit of
tbo Adamson eight-hour dny as it obtains in the United States. The men
also have been granted nn increase In
Dredgermen Strong,
Bcgulur roeetingB of the Dredgermen
are now being held and it is reported
that almost all thc dredgermen employed on work on False Creek huve
joined the organization.
outcome will be Anxiously awaited
by mortgage companies in this city
AN INCIDENT is recorded in local history that is fraught with
splendid possibilities in the way of opening a haven of refuge
to those disturbed souls who do not wish to be seised by the.
"press gang" and fed to the cannon of Europe against their, wilt
lt is a veritable rainbow of hope and promise to they- who possess
siich a strong prejudice against Prussian militarism and junker
autocracy, that they do not experience heart-throbs of patriotic joy
nt the pleasing prospect of being sacrificed upon the altar of ita
triumph. It opens a way of escape from the objectionable pathway
of military glory, decorated with rolls of honor, iron crosses, wooden
legs, glass eyes and crutches, by f
steering a course that, is louder
and more insistent than- that of
even King and country, and that;
though less noisily and bloodily patriotic, is far more sensibly and profitably so.
Ths Stage Betting
The stage Betting leading up to the
incident ih question began somewhere
back in those days before the wind
bubble, of Vancouver's metropolitan
ambitions had been rudely punctured
by the sad fact, that something substantial cannot be built upon nothing
tangible, with any reasonable expectation of a long continued and glorious
existence. Be that as it may, however,
two men, one a Mr, Greenwood and the
other a Mr. Woodhouse, purchased a
lot in South Vancouver and thereupon
erected u house, for the accommodation of themselveB and their respective families. In go doing tbey incurred an indebtedness to a mortgage
company of $1,150, this to bear 10 per
cent, interest and be paid off by monthly payments.
In the record of events, as diBclosed
the court and as recorded in the
public press, neither Greenwood or
Woodhouse are possessed of any prefixes to their cognomens, either words
or initials. They are merely referred
to as "Greenwood" and "Wood-
house." This is no doubt due to their
having defaulted in their payments to
the aforesaid mortgage eompany. Sueh
beinff the case, they are evidently not
entitled to even the prefix of Mr. But
having purchased the.property and assumed a mortgage they proceeded to
enter into the felicitous life that luraal-
ly attends upon such a happy solution
of the problem of habitation.
"Why Pay lint?**
They entered upon the rosy pathway
of avoiding the pnyment of rent by
paying juBt as much and probably more,
in monthly installments forever
'upon their own property. In this
satisfactory and yet simple man
ner did tbey answer the oft-
put query of the renl estate sharp who
has some of it to sell, of "Why pay
rent?"   They paid $700 of the 91,150.
And then the war broke out and
both men heard the call of king and
country and right nobly responded
thereto. Greenwood left a $10 per day
job in the north and landed in a corporal's job in the home guard, at $1,20
per day. Woodhouse is in the troncheB
of France at the pay of a common soldier. And the poor mortgage company
has ever since been left out in the cold.
No further payments have been mado
and no tag day bos yet been set aside
for the company's benefit.
The Glrli Tbey Left Behind Them.
Greenwood's family gets an allowance of $50 per month and oat of that
and Greenwood's magnificent stipend
or salary of #1.20 per duy ihey have
their work fairly woll cut for them
in order to survive, in those dnys of
cheap money and dear grub. The family of Woodhouse has an allowance of
(45 per month and Mrs. WoodhouBO
has to help keep four grandchildren
whose father was killed nt Vimy
Ridge. And tho poor mortgage company gets nothing, not even a red cent.
It wishes to foreclose under the mortgage and thus obtain thnt of which it
has so long and male vol ently been denied.
Under the painful circumstances it
must be acknowledged that its heart
strings have been most ruthlessly and
relentlessly rent nnd torn asunder,
Anybody can see that, at least anybody nt all familiar with extremely
sensitive nature of the mortgage com
pany soul, a soul that is incorporated
in a body of sueh pecMlinr construction thut it is entirely minim any suitable place upon which nn appreciative
kick might be duly and properly ud
A Judicial Way Out.
Happily, however, the court before
which (he foreclosure proceedings were
heard had little difficulty in discovering n wny out of the awful dilemma
in which the inortgnge company hns
been placed through the wicked perversity of Greenwood and Woodhouse
in defaulting in their payments. The
following, glcnned fron) the muddy
current of the local daily sewer press,
Miy sets forth tho discovery;
"Mr, Justice Gregory agreed Hint
mortgagees should not bo expected to
go without a return on tlieir investment  and  suggested   a  month's nd-
journmont to sec if Woodhouse can
not get a release from the military
author!tf08 to enable him to return
to  civil  life   and   thus resume his
mortgage obligations."
Oh, Glorious Vista!
And what a splendid vista is thus
opened to he who would gloriously
serve bis country, without the necessity of sinenring the blood nnd gJts
of fellow mortuls all up and down the
landscape. And the more one looks
ut it the more is ono convinced that
this most glorious country can be fully
as well served by defending hor most
sacred  and  notable institutions right
here at home, as In hurling wicked
Huns into the hell they so richly da-
serve over in Europe. The Federationist disclaims any Intention, how*
ever, of intimating that the hell it refers to it in Europe, but whenever li
is they, no doubt, ought to be ehucked
Into it.
Now let every one who Is no affiliated with cold feet as to dread tb*
European journey to glory and tb*
honor roll, st ones get a mortgag*
placed upon bin tnd demand exemption from military service upon th*
grcjnds, that It is far more necessary
and for the good of the eountry that
mortgage companies should) get their
due, than it is to win the war i»
And it is plain enough, that sueh la
the fact, for what would there be left
to live for in this great Canada of
"oqrs," If .all of the valiant and patriotic mortgage companies were to perish
through lack of sustenance in th*
To what a dismal and gloomy desert
would Woodhouse return if sueh wero
the case. No mortgage companies, no
houses to live in, and there you are,
for it is well known that bouses earn
be builded in no other manner than by
running into debt to mortgagees.
And then again, what logical reason
have the workers for fighting th*
wicked 'Hun in Europe if the most
cherished and venerable institution!,
those institutions for which our forefathers have so valiantly fought, bled
and croaked all down through history,
are to be destroyed during the patti- ,
otie absence upon the European field* %
of carnage, blod and guts.galore, Tb*
Federationist also demands that Wood-
house be released from service at th*
front and returned fo the noble calling
of preserving those grand institutions
of this beloved country, wrung from
the tyrannies and the -abuses of th*
past by the splendid struggles of heroic
ancestors, ana which it is our patriotic
d\ity to hand 'down intact nnd undisturbed to tbe generations yet unborn
and unhung.
Now get busy, all ye who would be
honorably* exempted from service at the
Get moregaged and thus defy the
press gang. %
Let "safety first for the mortgage
holder," become your patriotic and
undying slogan.
Big Crowd Turns Up and Makes th*
Dance a Tremendous
On Wednesday night Moose hall ws*
packed to the doors by a merry crowd
of dancers who attended tho ball given
by the Waitresses'. The affair wae a
big success from every standpoint and
good financial results were obtained.
Much credit is due to tbe committees.
The floor committee was Bro. J, Ricard
and Bro. Glnsshoff. and the amusement
committee comprised Susie Drennan,
Clara Glasshoff, Fred McLean, Jo*
Ojlette nnd Joe Ricard.
Newly Organised Butchers' Union la
ln Good Shape and
The Butchers' union will shortly
present to the employers, tbe new
schedule of wnges und hours, Packing
house employees are especially poorly
paid, some receiving as low ns 30 cents
nit ho.ir nnd having to work ten and
more hours a dny. The union now numbers 225 nnd is increasing rapidly.
Harry Graham was elected business
agent at the Inst meeting. As tho
local's representative on'the campaign
committee of tbe Lnbor candidates In
Burrard and South Vancouver, Hector
Smith wns elected. The local will give
its enthusiastic support to the earn*
paign of the working class anti-conscription candidates.
Refuse to Be Intimidated by Threat
of Conscription.
Labor union representatives told the
IT. S. federal labor adjustment board
in session at Portlnnd this week, in an
effort to settle the strike in the steel
nnd wooden shipyards, that conscription
of lahor for the yards was prcferablo
to any action or compromise which
would not give thc union men the principles for which they were out, in ef*
feet, an nil-union shop. E, J. Stack,
secretnry of the Stato Federation oi
Lubor, told the board that mnny of the
union men would favor conscription
over any compromise.
Civic Employees' Grow.
The mcmbcrBBhip of the Civic Employees' union is growing, the recent
increase in wages of 50 cents a day
all round from Oct, ], having demonstrated the value of organizntion. PAGE TWO
..October 19, 1917
Why YOU Should
Trade at the
Liberty Store
No. 1—OUR METHODS of buying stocks enable
us to sell direct to you at almost one-half less thiyi
other merchants must charge.
No. 2—QUANTITY. When you purchase here
you have a tremendous variety to choose from. Our
stock embraces over $75,000 worth of seasonable
and dependable wearing apparel.
No. 3-COURTEOUS SERVICE is another feature of our retail selling system. We have no mahogany fixtures but we have got the right goods at
the right prices, and our staff of 21 salespeople
assure prompt service.
No. 4-MONEY BACK GUARANTEE means absolute satisfaction or we will cheerfully refund your
money. ■'V, ';.
say it is IT IS. When we advertise merchandise at
a certain price you can absolutely rely on getting
the advertised merchandise
At the Price Advertised
We are now selling the Englewood Supply Co.'s
stock at practically half price and invite your early
inspection. Come tomorrow. Sale opens in the
morning at 10 o'clock.
Liberty Store
319 Hastings Street West
Frederick Buscombe's OM Stud
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try out Pea Coal for your underfeed funic*)
macdonald-Narpole Co.
1001 KAI* ITBBIt
Men's Hats
—will appeal to you becnuso of n
cortaln    flhtiiiKiiishoil    air    about
„ them that is hard to dnflne. but It
ii thero just tho name
Styled and color* to hii It all
types of men from the debonair
youth to the aedato btmincna nr
professional man.
417 Granule Waat Hear laellila
Edmonton Officials Ignore
Proposed Arbitration
j\        Proceedings
Some Aftermath of the Late
Street Car Strike in
the Prairie City
So far aa the city of Edmonton is
concerned, there will be no arbitration
of tho street railway situation. City
Solicitor Bown has been given instructions to take atepB to prevent the board
sitting, and it is claimed there are very
good chances of its never going on.
In case it is proceeded with, how*
ever, the city officials will ignore it,
and will take no notice of any communications or requests from it in the
way of discussing the recent strike.
This course, as decided upon by the
council, will bo by way of protest
against what some of the aldermen
considered the "high-handed action of
the minister at Ottawa/' who has not
given due consideration, they claim,
to the facts submitted in the city's
statement of the caae
WiU Ignore Board.
The councU holds that there ia no
dispute, and therefore nothing to arbitrate. This was the spirit of the
city solicitor's argument as forwarded
to Ottawa, and in conformity therewith
the city fathers have now decided to
have nothing to do with the proposed
arbitration. The "feeling at the council
meeting was to the effect that Edmonton knew the situation bettor than Ottawa did, and tbat if the unanswerable arguments from the city's side of
the case had been properly and fully
weighed by the department before ordering an arbitration board, no auch
order would have been given. If the
department now chooses to continue
■with the arbitration, the city at any
rate will not bo represented in it, and
the council declined to take advantage
of ita privilege to appoint three men
to attend the board meetings in its
"Nothing to Arbitrate."
Aid. Kinney queationed the wisdom
or the possibility of the oity taking
this stand against a government board,
and said that the arbitration, having
been ordered from Ottawa, would undoubtedly go on, and the city could
not stop it. Aid. Macdonald pointed
out, however, that, arbitration proceedings had been stopped before, and
quoted a specific case in Montreal in
which an order in court had been
given restraining the board from holding ita sessions. There was equally
good reason in the present case, he
claimed, for such action, and. in view
of the facts behind the recent difficulty, involving a plainly illegal strike,
he moved that the city pay no attention to further negotiations toward arbitration, sinco there was nothing to
arbitrate. Aid Grant was of the same
mind, and the vote of the council as a
whole showed that the rest of the
aldermen, Aid. Kinney excepted, were
also of the opinion that the city would
not be a party in the proceedings.
"Joe" Clarke's Opinion.
In connection with the above, Joseph
A. Clarke, an Edmonton barrister,
writes The Federationist:
"I am exceedingly anxious that the
truth about the Edmonton streetrallway strike ahould bo given to the
people of Canada. At this time, such
action as that taken by tho super-scab
city council of Edmonton should be
published broadcast to Canada and the
world to show just how far and how
much constituted authority Is recognized by those who prate so much
about law and order, when tho proposed law and order Is not to the liking of the wage-cutting union-baiting
representatives of democracy.
"As provided by law, on July 30th,
tho employees of the Edmonton municipally-owned system gave notice that
they wished to revise, alter or change
the existing agreemont, in respect to
the wage clause.
*' Although tho council has been
helplessly und incapably doing nothing
all year, allowing the city to drift into
ishaoB and meeting only once every two
weeks, the communication of such importance was not even considered till
Aug. 14th. It wa.-; then considered by
a committee of two, with thc mayor,
and this committee has never even reported yet. After many almost doily
effortn to get a meeting that would do
something, on Aug. 31 the union delivered an ultimatum, whon, being nlso
ignored, the mien decided to take a
'holiday' (strike). Much ia now made
by tho Union-baiters, who formerly did
most of thoir howling ovor 'foreigners'
and men from outside of Edmonton
hnving anything to do with their employees or thoir aysteni, of the fact
that the union did not got the authority of their international board before
striking, and did not apply for a conciliation board before their drastic action.
"Many 'union men and union sympathizers lirst pointed tbis out. The
vote to strike in thc 'union was just
carried by a bare voto, those who tried
to prevent tho strike are thc ones now
loft out of employment nnd are the
ones discriminated agninst.
"The strike was in -existence ti wook
whon, under the provisions of the city
charter, tho mayor was petitioned to
cnll n citizens' mass-meeting, which he
did, and ut which meeting a resolution
was unanimously passed and telegraphed to the minister of labor, demanding a federal conciliation board.
The men went back to work, or offered
to, after a ten-day strike, because
Pair Wage Officer Harrison adviaed
this action, assuring or implying that
all would be allowed to work ponding
the report of the board of conciliation.
At once, Moir, the traffic manager, who
waa hired specifically to break up thc
union, began tn ref line' omploymont to
all the rent union men who reported
for work.
"In answer to the men's request and
to Fair -Wago Officer Harrison's report and to the unanimous demand of
the citizens' mass mooting, a conciliation board was ordered by the minister,
tho city refused to appoint a member
and the government appointed Frank'
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious* Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
[BjJ. A]
The Press Gang,
About thirty yeara ago the centras
waB being taken in England and the
officials came to a littlo place called
Ooole, in Yorkshire, and began to ask
the canal boat men their names, fhe
men were very much frightened because thoy thought it was the "press
gang" come again,
Some of the citizens made very
merry over the ignorance of the canal
boat men who still feared the proas
gang which had been abolished and
could not come again. Never again
under the British flag could men be
seized and carried away from their
homes and sent to fight, against their
will, in a war, in the making of which
they had no voice.
Never again!
Portland Arbitration Award
Acceptable to Union
The Street Bailway Employees' of
Portland, Ore., employed by the Portland Railway, Light and Power company, won practically all they demanded by the award, announced Saturday
by a board of three arbitrators appoint-
jointly by the company and the men
to adjust existing difficulties. ' A rise
in wages approximating 20 cents a day,
together with an eight-hour work day
were awarded.
Under the terms of thc agreement
between thc company and the men,
whereby decision of the issues waa left
to arbitration, Saturday's decision Ib
binding until June 1, 1918, unless tbe
company shall demand that the arbitration be reopened. This may be done
after January 1, 1018.
The minimum wage undor tho new
Bcale will approximate $3 a day for
eight hours, graduating to $3,60 a day
for men longest in the service.
The company rocently petitioned the
state public service commission for
permission to charge six conts .car faro,
but the petition waB denied. The company haB signified its Intention of going before tho public service commission again in an effort to* obtain roliof,
on the claim Hhat it can not operate
profitably under the present arrangement.
The United Mine Workers' Journal
starts off an editorial with the statement that, "it is but a few years paat
whon labor was the veriest drug on the
market." Such language is seditious.
Mr. Samuol Gompers has declared that
"labor is not a commodity," and his
judgment has been confirmed by the
"Clayton Act," as well as by a court
decision or two, not that such confirmation iB at all necessary, however. And
now the editor of the Journal has the
audacity to actually fly in the faco of
Mr. Oompers' dogmatism and make reference to labor as though it were a
commodity. It is to be hoped that Mr.
Oompors will deal drastically with the
seditious one. He should bc most severely punished. He surely is unpatriotic, and nt least disloyal to Mr. Oompers, and he may be a pro-German for
all we know. At any rate, ho is "economically impossible."
Ford, K.C., to act for the city. Ford,
and Mackie (for the men), agreed on
Judge M. S. McCarthy for the third
man and he was confirmed. The matter then came bofore the city council,
on the report of their solicitor, and I
enclose you the Edmonton Daily Journal report, as above, of what they did.
"Following so closely upon their refusal to do anything for patriotism,
by the employing profiteers at tho Fort
William elevators, this action smacks
of anarchy and then hiore anarchy.
The spirit that strung up I.W.W. Little
to the railway trestle fn Butte, Mo*
.tana, seems to permeate tho entire
profiteering non-working class,
"This is not an isolated case with
this representative gang of profiteering
union-baiters, who do not go os far as
the chamber of commerce $1,000,000
conspirators in 'Frisco, simply because
thoy don't think they have to.
Who Said, Oo tor ^
"It is a fact thli the alderman who
actually moved the' nfttion to tell the
Dominion  government  to  go to  	
and mind its own business is Aid. C.
H. Grant, who at tbe,time of hia election boasted of ana showed his withdrawal card from the Winnipeg Street
Carmen's union in good standing, although he did not toll why he q'jit or
was let out of that job, and won't
bother doing so now, sinco he la a
real high-brow lawyer.
"The meeting, which passed unanimously tbe resolution demanding recognition of the union was called to discuss tbat Question only.
"That there is great difficulty in getting all the facts before the peoplo is
shown by the whole method of procedure. I have not a copy of the resolution which was wired to the minister
of labor, but the next day the following resolution was wired to A. Farmil-
lo, then ntlhe TradeB and Labor Congress convention. This telegram shows
just what was done,
." 'At meoting which waa called by
mayor under charter provisions held In
city hall, at least 100 unable to gain
admission, resolution unanimously pass;
ed condemning city council for discrimination against old street railway
employees; also demanded conciliation
board and recognition of union. Resolution waB not a union labor resolution
and many things therein would require
negotiation but principle of ho discrimination nnd arbitration most important. Resolution telegraphed minister last night, Sopt. 18.°
"This will give you an Idea of tho
resolution of Sept. 18, in the absence
of copy of same,"
To End War.
It would be awfully, funny, if it were
not tragic, to listen to all the grave
and reverend seigneurs giving their
pet nostrum for ending all wars, and
none of them findintr the right cure.
It is an economic quostion entirely.
Eliminate the profits, or-bettor still,
make it very improfitable to the war
makers, and there would be no> war.
Suppose, for instance, that all the
emperors and premiers and presidents
and diplomatists knew that they hfld
to pay for the war, and pay now, like.
the working man doea with his life, or
his hands or oyes, so that he can work
no more.
Many a working man was earning
bofore tho war, five or six dollars a
day, and is now being paid a dollar
and ten centa as a soldier.
If the war-makers had to pay in the
same way, i.e., give up their entire
income and accept in exchange a sol-
'dler's pay and have half of that withheld. When would .tbey feel that they
could, afford to go to wart
Never!   They would never do it.
But the working man goes to war
under these conditions.
Why does hef
When will he stop!
Whon he feela that he cannot afford
it, there will be no more war, for the
workers are really numerous, if they
only knew It.
Sweater Coats for Women, the
Better Kinds, $9.50 and $11
—EVERY WOMAN will admire this season's stocks of sweater coats.
They have a different look about them—smart, becoming, well knitted,
and they answer Fashion's style
decree in every detail. Because
it is doubtful whether we can
get more of them is the reason
we urge upon you the necessity
of early selection,
Bin-Both finished,  wtth  rool  collar,
sash and patch pockets,   In cobra
of rose, green, saxe, violet, maroon,
brown, cardinal and ffn eft
.Maek.    Prfp  x ffftOU
SWEATERS—With brushed wool lining,   and  collar  and   pocketB   of
brushed wool, In colors of canary,
cherry, rose, saxe, Paddy    SQ Eft
and maroon. Priee  yVtOV
smooth woo],  finished  with square
collar and cuffs, striped with white,
in colon of brown and whito, rose
and white, green and white, saxe
and white, maroon md white, black
and white, canary and white, cardinal and white. tf ji AA
Price .
.IMWMUrt,   l*»      WMMT I mmttt. ..W.. Mr*-*..**.-*!. fz_
Granville and Georgia Streets
O. A. CBYSDALE, Manager for B. O.
Phone Se,. 8770 for appointment end we will arrange aame for your
Out the Front Door-^The Whole
Stock One Big Grand Clean-Up
50c Linen Pads   40c
45c Irish Linen  35c
35c Onion Skin Tablet  25c
40c   Tablets   86c
30c Tablets 23c
25c Writing Tablets 19c
Sec    our    special    lines at 10c
and    15c
Buy Them at Wholesale
Batons & Hulberts' 40c linos 20c
Crane's 35c Envelopes  20c
25c Envelopes   16c
15c and 20c Envelopes 10c
First Showing of Christmas Cards,
Booklets, Greeting Cards
$3,000.00 Stocks Here
25c Grabs
Filled with Books, Fountain
Pens, Crane's Stationery, etc.,
etc. Values .$1.00 to $2.00
guaranteed. Just 500 more.
Don't delay.
Half Price on
Toilet Paper Racks
$1.00 Fixtures   60c
♦1.50 Fixtures  76c
*1.25 Fixtures  65c
A Carload of Toilet
LOT 1—Special. 5 rolls .. 25c
LOT 2—Large rolls, 4 for 26c
LOT 3—Extra large, 3 for 25c
Fountain Pens
Get the Hatchet
#3.00 Fountain Pens 21.06
J)4.00 Fountain Pens 12.96
$4.50 Fountain Pens $3.50
$5.00 Fountain Pens $3.95
$9.50 linos for $7.26
$15.00 linos for $11.26
$7.50 lines for  $4.26
$5.00 lines for  $3.75
$4.80 values  $2.40
$2.50 values .: $1.30
$4.00 values  $2.00
$3.50 values  $1.76
Advance Showing of Hallowe'en Cards,
Novelties, Masks, Toys
All at Sale Prices
Buy Books
Lite of General Philip Schuyler, by Bayard
. Tuckerman, regular $2.25 for  $1.50
After Work Reminiscences of an Old Publisher, by E. Marston, $3.75 for $2.50
Troublous Times in Canada: History of the
Fenian Baids, by Capt. J. A. McDonald;
$2.50 for I $1.70
Campaigning on the Upper Nile and Niger,
by Lieut. Seymour Vandeleur; $2.25
for   $1.60
British Political Leaders, by Justin McCarthy: Short Sketches of Well-known
Statesmen, with Portraits; $2.00 for $1.36
England Since Waterloo, by J. A. 11. Mar-
riottj   $4.00 for $2.35
The Oeat Infanta; Isabel Queen of thc Netherlands, by L. Klingenstein, $3.00 for $2.00
Autobiography of Dr. Talmage; regular'$4.50
for .'.  $3.00
Madnmo de Lafayctto and Her Family, by
M. Macdermot Crawford, $2.25 for .. $1.50
Forty Years of Song, by Madam Albnni;
$4.00 for   $2,65
New Englnnd and New Franco:    Contrasts
and Parallels in Coloninl History, by Jns.
Douglas;  $3.50 for   $2.35
Vnsco da Gama and His Successors, by  K,
G. Jnyne, illustrated;   $3.00 for $2.00
Lifo nnd Lottcrs of Jane Austen, by W. &
R. A. Austen-Leigh;  $4.00 for   $2,65
Honrik Ibson, A Criticnl Study, by R. Ellis
Roberts;   $3.00 for   $2,00
Edgar Allan Poo, A Criticnl Study, by Arthur
Ransome;   $3.00 for   $2.00
Thomas Love l'oncock, A Critical Study, by
A. Martin Freeman; $3.00 for  $2.00
J. M. Syngo: a critical study, by P, P. Howe;
♦*1.00 for   $2.00
Oscar Wilde:  u criticnl study,    by    Arthur
Ransome;  $3.00 for   $2.00
A Womnn of the Revolution:    Thorsigno   de
Mcricourt, by Frank Humcl;   illustrated;
$4.00 for $2,66
A Sensation Saturday
Buy one and you will come
back for a dozen.
Snapshot Albums and
Photo Albums
SOo  linos for  ,. 36c
$1.50 Snnp Albums for .. 95c
$1.75 Snap Albums for $1.26
$2.00 Photo Albums for $1.35
$5.00     Loathor     Photograph
Books  $3.75
$4.00     Leather     Photograph
Books  $2.60
Pocket Knives at Less
Than Cost
$1.00 Knives  60c .
50c Knives  25c
$1.25 Pon Knivos  69c
40c Playing-Cards  26c
25c and 30c Pluying Cards 20c
More Toys
90c Child's Set 55c
70c Child's Set  39c
00c Child's Set 36c
50c Child's Sot   30c
$2.60 Child's Kitchen Sets $1.60
Charlie Chaplin  6c
$2.00 Printing Presses  25c
$2.00 Dolls  $1.25
TOYS-Values  to 75c
Celluloid and Rubber Dolls, Cows,
Tigers, Goats, Elophnnts, Globes,
Auto Horns, Top of tho World—
$1.50   Dolls   $1.10
50c Kewpie Dolls 36c
$1.00 Kewpie Dolls 69c
75c Spring Dolls  45c
$2.00 Buster Brown Dolls .. $1.25
NINTH YEAR.   No. 42
I~ serve you best
because 1 am your
best protection —
your own girls
made me.
I am Union-made.
Therefore you get
value for your
honestly • earned
The Carhartt
Don't be put off
with substitutes,
insist on the genuine Carhartt.
Overalls; Gloves
and Trousers
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
Houn: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tueiday and Friday Evening*
* Phone Seymour 2229 Closed Saturday Afternoon*
The Biggest Little Man in Town
is the Boy who buys his clothing at
New Suits, Stylish Overcoats and Reefers, Sweater Coats,
English Jerseys, Underwear and Hosiery. Everything in Boys'
wear. Best quality; prices moderate.
309-315 Halting! St. W.
Tel. Sey. 702
VICTORIA, B.C.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouaea and Nursery, Eaqui-nalt Boad.   Phone 219. ,
HAMMOND, F 0.: Oreenhouaea aid Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17. ,
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
fruit and Ornamental Treet and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowen' and Funeral Emblems
Main Store tnd Begiatered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
43 Haatinge Street Eaet.   Phonei, Seymonr 488-679.
Branch Store, Vanconver—728 OranviUe Btreet.    Phone Seymour 9513
Dr. W. J. Curry
The Ravages of Bridgework-
Q Almost every edition of our dentil msgaslnes contains endlctments of gold
crowns and bridgework as a most potent cause of dental destruction and of ays*
tcmitic affliction^ as well.
0 Last week I removed two large bridges which four yesrs ago had been Inserted ts "guaranteed permanent bridgework" at a cost of $70.00, and this wife
of a wage-earner had been led to believe they would last tbe rest of her life.
Thli morning, » man told me he paid $125 for bridges which were ont in six
C A bridge is only bb strong as Its weakest link and no nmount of advertising
or bluff can enable a couple of abutment teeth'to long do the work Nature in*
tended for half a doien.
Q Now our teeth as a rulo do not get enough work to keep them In health
but when a bridge Ib inserted, without any preparation and a couple of teeth
unused to hard work are suddenly forced to bear the load of many, their loosening and loss Ib only a matter of time.
(| It Ib safe to Bay that Iobb than half tho bridgework Inserted should be made
and that the only reason they are made Ib, first, because the victim does not
understand, and secondly, becnuse the dentist needs the money and is often himself Ignorant of conditions and resulli.
fl It Ib estimated thnt on this continent several million teeth are deitroyed
every year through tho effects of gold crowns and bridges, and we are only now
learning that health and happiness are sacrificed at the same time.    Of course,
Cart of the) remedy to this abuse of confidence is to eliminate the flnanclal factor
y "making the dentist the salaried officer of the public."
Q But bridgework Ib to All the gap due to extraction and so a better remedy
ll to have your teeth filled early and not extracted, Of course, there are dentists
who extract teeth which can be saved, for the more profitable object of making
a bridge and io we get back to "the depravity of human nature, the proposition of removing the financial antagoniim between the dentist and the public. .
fl I have just had a letter from our old friend, Chas. Leiter, who la In jail
for one year for speaking "disrespectfully of the flag," Read my letter to the
editor on "The flag of Plutocracy."
Labor Opposed.to Soldiers9
Dependents Being Fed
With Charity Spoon
Demands That Government
Treasury * Supplies
Their Needs
Wholesale withdrawal of support for
the Canadian Patriotic fund, stf far aB
the wage-workers of British Columbia
are concerned,"taay be'eipected in the
course of a few weeks. Some months
ago, Vancouver Trades and Labor
council served notice upon the federal
government that auch a course would
be resorted to, unless something definite was done to change the "charity"
aspect of thetHfand and the mode of-its
collection, in the following resolution:
"That we request the Dominion
government to take over1 and administer the Patriotic Fund, with an
equal allowance to all dependents,
and that we continue our Bupport
for a period of four months,* and we
further instruct our membership that
on and after December 1, 1917, to
refuse further support to the Patriotic Fund.
"Also that a copy of this report
be sent to all Tradea and Labor coun*
cils and the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada."
The coal miners of Vancouver Island
and those of the Crows Nest Pass district did not wait even as long as the
Vancouver council had suggested, evidently knowing full well that the government would do absolutely nothing.
They refused to longer be parties to
the employers' method of raising
"voluntary" patriotic funds. Soon
after, tbo hietalliferous miners of the
Slocan district emulated the example of
their bituminous colleagues, which, by
the way, resulted in considerable criticism of alleged "alien" influences at
work, along with the .usual bunk and
sophistry jndulged in by the kept press
on tfjch occasions.
Boundary District Following Suit.
Now the Oreenwood Miners' union
has decided to step in line and at last
meeting the following resolution wbb
concurred in:
"Resolved, by Oreenwood Miners'
union, that we request the Dominion
government to take over and administer the Canadian Patriotic Fund,
with an equal allowance to all de-
pendents; and that we continue our
support for a period of three months;
and we further instruct our membership, that on and after January 1,
1918, they should not f jrther support
said fund."
Send Letter to Premier.
Covering the resolution the membership instructed Secretary Lakeland to
write Premier Borden a letter explaining the attitude of Local 22.   Itlrcads:
Greenwood, B. C, Sept. 17,1917.
Rt. Hon. R. L. Borden, Premier:
Hon. Sir: A few weeks ago, the
workers at the Motherlode mine of this
city, ceased their contributions of one
day'a pay per month to the Canadian
Patriotic Fund. On second consideration they were impressed with the idea
that they had acted a little,hasty or
drastic, and held a meeting of all the
employees of the camp.
The question was viewed by the members, from all possible angles and finally they decided that, in their opinion,
the collection and administration Of the
fund was entirely wrong, that the man
who was willing, but can ill afford,
may continue to pay, while the unwilling one, although perhaps well able,
hus a clear option; that the only way
to have thc fund adequate and satisfactory to all, is for it to be handled
on a compulsory taxation basis, which
will not discriminate; that the proper
office for such a fund is either the provincial or Dominion house; that we
notify you of oar intention to cease
contributing on January 1, 1918, thereby giving you time t* inaugurate some
other method, and prevent the possible
hardship from being imposed upon the
recipients of the fund.
I was instructed to write you on behalf of this union and to forward tbe
attached resolution.
I nm respectfully yours,
Sec'y Greenwoor Miners' Union.
Wbat of Other Unionists?
Greenwood has postponed the date
set by Vancouver central labor body
one month. There are still a good many
places to oe heard from. Probably it
would be just us well for 'jnion secretaries to advise Secretary Wells of
the B. C. Federation of Lnbor, Box
1538, Victoria, of what action has or
is to be taken. If the action of B. C.
trade unionists' ia made unanimous it
is certain that unorganized employees
throughout the province will follow
their method of protest) with a view
to having the administration1 and collection of the Canadian Patriotic Fund
in line with the resolutions quoted
VtSTm")     $1.60 PER YBAB
And now tbe New York Call ig up
against the kaiser's edict and is called
to the carpet for suspension %f rom the
mails. Tbe Cnll is about the last of
the Socialisti papers left. The administration of kaiser Wilson at Washington will bo due to go down in history
—and that, soon—as the most execrable and contemptible attempt at
cheap autocratic buffoonery ever recorded. Even that cheap political
crowd now on the roost of power need
not delude itself with the notion that
it ia making any name' for itself other
than an ignominious one. No cheap
replica of kaiBerism can get by with
tho goods on thla western continent.
The storm that will sweep it into oblivion is only being hastened by cheap
and nasty petty tyrannies. Strength
to its foolishness.
Official Circular.
* Victoria, B. 0, Oct. 15, 1917.
To Organized Labor in the Federal
Constituency of Nanlmo:
Greeting: Following out the instructions of the special convention, held
on Labor Day in Vancouver, a call is
hereby issued to organized Labor, tb
send delegates to a nominating convention, to be held on Wednesday, Oct.
31, in the K. P. hall, Victoria, B. C,
for the purpose of nominating an anti-
conscription and labor candidate for
the coming federal election. The convention will convene at 8 p.m. sharp.
Each local union will be entitled to
one delegate for the first 100 members
or fraction thereof, and one additional
delegate for each additional 100 members or major fraction thereof.
Owing to the territory covered by
this constituency, local unions situate
in Victoria will be entitled to send
delegates, such delegates to be resident in the riding, which covers Baa*
nlch, Oak Bay and Esquimalt. In
other words, they may send delegates
who reside in one of the three municipalities mentioned.
Nanaimo, South Wellington and
Ladysmith wilt also be entitled to representation,
Your delegates should be elected as
soon as possible and credentials sent
to Secretary-treasurer A. S. Wells, P.O.
Box 153S, Victoria, B. C. Fraternally
Formation of Union Government Causes Big
Ottawa Shake-up
Address Six Thousand Members of Labor Unions
in Vancouver
The local bartenders are prepared
to confront the new conditions placed
upon them by prohibition, and will protect their organization and maintain
their identity as a live union in this
city. Although they have been decreased in. numbers, there still remains
not a few who must be provided for.
This can only be done through thorough organization of the workerB in
the trade. ^Therefore, memberB of organized labor in this city are asked
to patronize only the refreshment places
taking the place of the public licensed
bar, which employ union help. The following appeal explains itself:
To tbe Six Thousand Members of Organized
Labor In Vancouver, B. O.j
Greeting: Bartenders' Local Mo. 676,
working under a charter from the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees1 International Alliance
and Bartenders' International League of
America, and in affiliation with the A. F.
of L. and the Vancouver TradeB and Labor
Council, wish, to call' your attention to tjtae
conditions which confront our members, and
solicit your co-operation In an effort to pre*
serve our Identity as an integral part of or*
ganized Labor in the city of Vancouver.
The adoption of the B. G. Prohibition
act has so changed conditions in the indu«*
try, in which our members were engaged, as
to render it imperative to reorganise the
craft to meet the nev%*» situation created
thereby. ,
The Immediate effect, of course, has been
to deplete the membership through withdrawals and transfers, but notwithstanding
these, there yet remains a considerable number to be provided for. This we propose
to do by endeavoring' to control the bev*
erage end of the catering Industry In such
places as remain in business for that purpose. To accomplish this, it goes without
saying that the maintenance of our organisation is necessary.
Thousands of organised workers will, no
doubt, continue toV patronise places of refreshment substituted for the licensed bar,
with which many of them have so long been
familiar. And tt Ib to the patrons of these
places that we appeal to assist us In i>s>-
serving wages and working conditions commensurate with a decent standard of living.
Many, of our members are at present employed In such places, but, as yet, conditions therein, are more or less experimental
and disorganised. We will endeavor ro
stabllse them with a view of providing em*
ployment for as many of our members as
possible. With your assistance we believe
this can be accomplished.
To this end we propose, from time to
time, to furnish you with the necessary In*
formation regarding such places of refreshment at are worthy of your patronage—
places employing our members exclusively,
wherein wages, hours, etc, will be such an
to commend them to our membership. In
this manner we hope to maintain the
place on the roster uf local labor unions
which we bave occupied for Ihe past fourteen years.
JOHN MARTIN, President.
WM. MOTTI8HAW, Secretary.
P.O. Box, 424, Vancouver, II. C.
Vancouver, B. C., Oct. 19, 1917.
Trtdti and Labor Council.
Friday, October 21, 1892
Geo. Pollay in the chair; Geo. Gagen,
Credentials received as follows: Brotherhood of Curpenters and Joiners, A,
D. McDonald, vice A, Wilson, resigned;
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and
Joiners, D. J. McPbulen and Charles
Kaine, vice W. Pleming and Thomas
Oliver; Shaftesbury Assembly, K. of L.,
Thos. Allan, vice J. T. Beuttie, resigned; Bricklayers, C. Oarmlchael, vice
R. Dickie, resigned; Printers, W, S.
Fowler, vice Percy Whitworth, resigned.
Secretory Nanaimo Miners' union
wrote re non-union conl.
Following appointed to draft a labor
plntfortn: R. Watson, D. J. McPhalcn,
Robt. Cosgrove, Frnney, Geo. Walker,
Dan Stewart, Geo. Pollay, Colin McDonald, W. S. Fowler, 0. Bartley.
Affiliated unions requested to tne
members for putronizing non-union
One of the most valued labor exchanges that com-cs to us is the A. F.
of L. Weekly News Letter, Washington,
D. C. It consists of a Bingle sheet,
printed only upon one side.
Those Who Get "Shook"
Land on Spots Just as
Fat and Soft
A great deal of criticism of the
"Victory Bond" committee ia beard
among financial men, for there ia not
a aolitary aoul on th--* cummlttee who
knows anything about selling bonds. It
la another illustration >f the Borden
government's way of doing thlnga—
paying for political favors. Of course,
the bond committee will be expected
to do its work for nothing. It will
be interesting, after the flotation has
been made, to see just how large a
percentage of the amount raised the
expenses will reach.
Just like other government appoint*
ments, the men who know least about
them, get the jobs. This city will soon
be flooded with a lot of literature asking the people to go down in their jeans
for more money to keep tne war going,
and, incidentally, to provide more fat
spots of office for government heelers
of one sort and another.
Little else might be'eipected from
an administration wholly inefficient as
Sir Eobert Borden's. The iocalled
"union" government is no bettor than
the old. It iB made 'ap of opportunists,
selected entirely because of the coming
elections, in hopes thnt the tide of pub*
lie feeling which is strongly set against
Borden and his war boodlers, will be
turned long enough to' firmly set the
whole crowd back into offlce again.
In making room for the "Liberals"
in hiB ministry, Sir Robert had the
devil's own time finding soft jobs for
those whose placeB would have to be
disarranged. Before tbe government
risks an election all the crowd will have
been provided with soft tbinga.
Dr. Clarence Jameson, Conservative
member for Digby, has beon given a
$5,000 place as civil service commissioner, something about which he
knows very little, if anything. Dr.
Adam Shortt, whose place he is to take,
will get something similarly soft and
fat. '
The position of inspector of storage
dams on tbe Ottawa river has been
given to Gerald Brabazon, Conservative member for Pontine, and in our
own British Columbia, Frank Barnard
is to be Inspector of dredging. Everybody knows Burnard knows nothing
about dredging. A. C. Boyce, another
of Borden's marionottes goes on the
rnilwny board at *8,000 a year. For
eight or nine years there have been
only Ave members of the board, though
the act stipulates six to Handle tbe herculean task of the politicians who comprise it.
J. D. Hazen, who had to be displaced
ob minister of marine and fisheries, to
make room in the "union" ministry,
lands equally well as before, aB Canada's representative to thc United
Sir George Perley is *o lie recalled
as minister of war overseas and Sir
Jim Lougheed is to get the place and
"reorganize" it.   Sir Jim sure will.
The whole thing is n mess for which
the people of Canada are pa'ying.
'Some More Party Patronage.
Vancouver evidently hnsn 't been doing her bit for thc Borden profiteers,
judging by a survey of the olllce furnishings such ub filing cabinets being
used by rcgristrar's department of tho
Military Service Bonrd, otherwise the
conscription tribunals. All such things
nre to be shipped from thc east, where
the makers and dealers arc heavy contributors to the Tory campaign fund.
All you expect; all you
hope for—that we promise
you in a Semi-ready Suit or
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.*
These we guarantee you
will be satisfied with—
We want you to come—to
come and welcome, whether
'tis to buy or but to see.
You'll be pleased and we'll
be glad to show you the new
designs which mark the
Drift of Fashion.
$15 to $40.
655 Granville St.
Autumn and Winter
Styles in Ladies'
Coats and
—are very smart thla aeanott, yet
there haa been no sacrifice ot comfort.
Fashion and Utility have been mut
happily combined,
Tbe Ladyware creations are de-
algned and man-tailored in oar awn
workrooms here In Vaneoaver—every
bit ot tbe work pernonally supervised
to meet tbe truly metropolitan tistei
of tbla community.
Seeing and choosing at Ladyware
li a particular pleasure to oar cuito-
men, where all the garments are
practically on open display in a big.
bright, cheery salesroom, presided
over by a bevy of expert salesladies
who know their business.
LADIES' OOATM16,  $17.50, $80,
$82.80, $80.  $87.80,   $80 ta  $80.
LAMBS'   SUITS—$80.   $83.00,   $39
to $80.
564 Granville St.
Opp. Drysdale's
Spend money where
you can save money
It pays to watch your expenditures for drugs and medicines
just as well as for clothing, household supplies, etc.
You ahould be careful when purchasing drugs, however, to avoid buying
preparations which are of inferior grade, offered to you as "substitutea"
or "just ns good," even if the price should be lower. Wben baying
drugs, stick to standard lines,
The Vancouver Drag Oo. offers full lines of standard drags—absolutely
pure—true is to name—fresh u to quality—at ttu lowest prices.
Call at or phone to our nearest store whenever you need anything in
the line of drugs or medicines.
Mail Order Department—We^give the same Bervice and price to out-of-town
customers as is given over our counters. Address Mall Order Dept., 407 Hsstings Street West.
CO., LTD.   .
'408 Hastings St. V. Phones Sey. 1985 * 1(88
Ttt Granville Street Seymoar 701S
2714 Oranrille Stnet B»y. 2814 * 17440
412 Msln Street Seymour 2082
2003 Fonrth Ave. West ,     >        Bv. 1688
1700 Oommerdsl Mrs High. 238 A 17SSO
'"vVtaSjCiiafMilwt' Imtfim&STWftoflof aJmnc*
Union-made agar**
'—  Umaa:tmttmama4m<^*mo^tmo>^ao.el^\)Cmm,
aiuattauaitaaia,ima. ,imaaiJ .—.-.  Ii—i. .^.i..La.TT1
MM CsJMtl « *mm~ VMeJIM *a mm).
Whon Buying a Cigar 8ee that this TOION Blue Label io on tho box
Be Fair to
YOU want the best street railway service you can
get for the money.
The street railway wants to give you the best service
it can give.
But the street railway may be prevented by lack of
revenue or public support.
A street railway that is unable to replace old equipment and install new devices as progress brings
forth, cannot give good service to the publio,
You owe it to yourself to see that the street railway
is able to give progressive service and not forced
to die a gradual death owing to inadequate revenue.
Remember that a street railway must continue to
grow and develop unless it is in a community that
is dead.
(jf€&&etiric PAGE FOUR
...October 19,  1917
Published every
,,«„, Friday morning by tbe B. C.
Federatlouist, Limited
R. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions  subscribing
in   a   body,   $1.00.
New Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1688
E ALL KNOW how the German people were molded into
willing tools of their autocratic government through deeadeB of
careful nnd thorough schooling in the
tenets, concepts and
• 'TO BE TAUGHT '' kultur'' peculiar-
DEMOCRACY'S ly to tho liking of
BENEFITS" the   autocrats   who
would use those
people for tho purpose of satisfying the
world ambitions of the kaiser and his
junker following. What thrilling stories
we havo been told of the artful cunning
uaed by the Prussian military maniacs
iu cultivating the Teuton mind into an
abiding faith ia the divine mission of
Germany to conquer the earth and bless
it with the true "kultur" and the true
Seatness. Ever sinco the outbreak of
e present* war, we have beon amply
regaled with thrilling chronicles of the
manner in which all governmental activity for the past forty years haa been
directed to the sole purpose of mentally
and materially equipping the German
people for the glorious task of purifying the world of the contaminating influences of the decadent and enervating
civilization foisted upon it by the deluded, inferior-and wicked people of
leas favored lands. And much of the
initial success of the Teutonic powers
in the present war has no doubt correctly been attributed to tho artful and
thorough administration of citable educational dope into the common herd,
during the years leading up to "tho
day,'* to properly equip it with the requisite degree of ignorance and docility
to make the big drive when the hour
ahould strike. That the Prussian government has proven itself it pnst master
ia the noble art of administering the
dope, ia beyond question, but that it is
by no means alone in that line of busineu, current, events are amply proving.
'• ♦ *
We are now officially informed, that
"systematic education of school children in problems of democracy and community life, is about to begin by the
United States government, "on request
of President Wilson." "Leaflets as
guides to school teachers" are to be
"sent broadcast by United States Commissioner to teach children democracy 'a
meaning." Being in the democratic
United States this will no doubt cover
the democratic significance of voluntary
and involuntary wage slavery In industry; conscript slavery in military servitude; enforced deportation, by gunmen
and civilian and homo guard ruffians,
of industrial slaves who may have
usurped the right to kick about being
forced to remain hungry under free institutions; the murder of a Frank Little for the exercise of his legal privilege of criticizing the obnoxious features of the sort of democracy Dieted out
to slaves under the United States brand
thereof, and his murder going unquestioned and unrebuked by either government authorities or tne loud«mouthed
disciples and advocates of democracy
outside of government; the tacit governmental approval of the breaking up
of legal and peaceful meetings of citizens by hoodlums, some of them, at
leut, wearing the military uniform;
the oppression of publications without
other warrant than that of criticism of
the government and objection to its arbitrary and impudent assumption of
autoeratic powers utterly subversive
-and destructive of aU democracy;, the
creation and maintenance of an abominable and far-reaching secret service to
dragnet the land for individuals and organizations who may offer objection to
the rape of democracy and the destruction of the last vestige of the liberty
that may have been wrung from brutal
and rapacious autocracy and tyranny in
the past; of the arrest and incarceration in filthy and lousy dungeons right in
the capital city of tbe nation, of women
guilty of no other offense than that of
plcketting the presidential shack for
the purpose of calling the attention of
the chief democrat to their grievances,
all other efforts having met with failure, through being ignored, and a thousand other brutal and atrocious crimes
against all that is democratic and pro-
Sresaive, that hu been and is being
aily perpetrated by tho powers that
be and the baneful and deadly influences that lurk in the background and
shape their course.
*      *      *
The general trend of thc instruction
that is to be given thc children, "on
tho request of President Wilson,'1 mny
bo gathered from tho following;
"Not only will the great present
necessity  for  winning   tho  wnr  be  j
taught,  but  emphasis  will  bo   laid  i
upon  the continuance  of efficiency
during titaes of peace to come.   The  .
production, distribution nnd conservation of food will bc iVnt arvii. with  i
the purpose of emphasizing the interdependence and co-operation that
are necessary in order .tto meet tho
fierce industrial competition thnt will
follow the making of peace."
Very nicely summed up. Democracy
in a nutshell, as it were. Not only efficiency for tho purposo of "winning the
wnr," but "the continuance of efficiency during times of pence." In other
words, the children nre to bo taught how-
to accomplish tho greatest amount of
work upou tho smallest nmount of compensation, for that is all thero is to
"efficiency," from thc present, or capitalist standpoint. Whnt other construction can bo put upon tho matter of doing the utniost possible, either in timo
of war or in time of pence, and at tho
same time effecting the greatest possible conservation of food, etc.f Tho
maxim'jm of effort and of cennomy is
to bo taught, not only for wnr purposes
but also for those dnys of peace thut
ere to follow, thoso dnys that aro to be
happily marked with a "fierce industrial competition." The children of
Prussian militarism were molded nnd
doped into suitable shape for uso by
their grandiloquent ovorlords in their
particular schemes of world conquest
and domination, but at least thoir overlords did not have the impudonco to
make pretense that their schemes wero
prompted by any love or admirationfor
demucracy. The children of the United
States are to be molded and doped into
suitable mental obfuBcntion and trained
docility, to enable their industrial and
military overlords to beat tho Prussian
autocrats at their own game of war
now, und defeat all comers in the
"fierce industrial competition" that is
to follow in the future.
* *       *
And these self-appointed autocrats
have tho unsufferable gall to profess an
undying love for democracy and to
make pretense that their schemes are
calculated to conserve her cause and
establish her dominion throughout the
earth. And whilo the Ho is given to
their words by their every aet, the pity
of it all is that so mnny well intention-
ed but extremely gullible democrats are
stupidly lod away from all that even
bears Bemblance of democracy and uBe
their talents and their strength to further the destruction of all liberty and
democracy and buttress and bulwark all
that is viciously reactionary and
brutally autocratic and execrable. The
Labor movement of this western continent ia especially culpable in this respect, so much ao in fact as to load somo
to feel, that whatever thero is that may
be properly classed as progressive and
democratic is to bo found only outside
of that movement, While the powers
of government are at all times used, as
far as for the moment may appear to
be oxpedient and safe, against Hie
workers and for the .purpose of checking their aspirations for industrial betterment and social uplift, the organizations of labor almost without* exception
are among the loudest in their vociferations of intense loyalty to that which
oppresses them, and among the most
blatant in professions of patriotic zeal
in defense of the world-conquering and
brutalizing schemes of the master class
which rules and robs them. The entire attiude of the Labor movement, as
expressed through its fulminatlons and
its zeal for enlistment in ruling class
service, with the only proviso that the
doily recompense of slaves Bhall not be
unpatriotically stinted, speaks volumes
for the calibre of workers, as slaves,
well deserving their slavery, but not ao
much aa a line for their calibre as men
deserving their liberty. They havo evidently been fairly well educated along
the same lines now being followed with
their children, "on request of President Wilson." If the children are ever
taught the truth, in regard to mutters
political and economic, it looks ar
though thoy will have to be taught out
side of the so-called public schools.
wealth of nations now runs into
figures that stagger the human
mind. ThoBe figures become more imposing each year and, aB strange as it
may appear, they
THE PARADOX have gone up by
OF WEALTH leaps and bounds
AND DEBT. during the laat three
years, years that
have been marked by a far greater
consumption and destruction of what is
ordinarily termed wealth, than has ever
occurred within any similar period of
history. Newspapers, statisticians and
alleged economists boastfully proclaim
the wealth of this age, and fairly slaver
nt the mouth as they give voice to the
juicily suggestive figures. Millions are
no longer referred to. It is no longer
considered good form to mention such
trifles. The term billions iB now required to express the wealth of evon
third-rate nations in the great family
of national bandits. Now of what does
this wealth consist f In what respect is
the world any more wealthy now than
a thousand years ago! Is that which
wo commonly term wealth really
wealth, or is it wealth in outward appearance only! Is it, in fact a hollow
mockery and a curse to the Useful portion of human society, the Mai wealth
firodueers, while at the sahWtimo serv-
ng ns a veritable haven of refuge for
the useless, the reactionary, and the
parasitic!   We shall aeo.
* *      *
Tho  wealth  of  Great  Britain   has
beon recently estimated at ♦80,000,000,-
000, and the consoling reflection has
been drawn that as the national debt
is now but $463 por capita, or about
120,000,000,000, her financial showing is
excellent. But the fact is that all computation of a nation's wealth is based
upon what the producers of that nation
are able to pay as an investment. The
stocks, bonds, deeds, mortgages, loans
(public and private) and all other
forms of invested capital constitute the
sum total of the national wealth. In
the estimated total of #80,000,000,000,
as above given, is and must be included
the national debt, for that is as certainly an Investment of capital, and
thereforo an asset, as is any other capitalist venture or undertaking. These
capitalist investments are wealth only
when viewed through the eyes of the
holders thereof, the capitalists. The
value of their holdings arc. hieasured
solely by tho returns they ore ablo to
realize out of the productive labor of
the wealth producers. To the latter all
R>.ich holdings appear as debt, upon
which they ae to pay perpetual revenue
or proflt. Thc principal can never be
paid for the self-evident renson thnt
thnt which called it into being (tho
necessity of selling on credit nil commodities taken from lnbor, becnuse
there never wns, is or can be anything
with which to make actual payment)
precludes such payment. The national
debt is owed to individual capitalists,
ntld even if paid off by the government,
that nmount of capital would be again
in the hands of those who hnd loaned it
to tho government and would be available for other capitalist investments
and enterprises. The total of debt resting upon the producers and upon whieh
they are to pny revenue in tho Bhnpe
of some form of proflt, would not-be
lessened, It is a perpetual chargo
ngainst thc class of wenlth producers.
Trom tho capitalist standpoint it is
wenlth; from thnt of the producers it
remains nn everlasting debt, It is a
ease where black is white, and white is
black.   It is n paradox.
* *       *
One of our brilliant Vnncouver dailieB
.marvels with the usual editorial profundity over the astounding fact, that
"fhe wealth of the United Stntes hns
increased by the war profits of the laBt
three years, so that it can withstand
any strain the war ir* likely to plnco on
it," Now that is renlly an astounding
facf, that is it would be if it wero
really a fact. But the joke of it is that
it is not a fact. Certain capitalist interests in the States have ncnimtilntcd
credits right valoriously sinco tho
breaking out of tho glorious melee. Hut
that is nil. Thoy havo it is true, gathered a right tidy lot of orders on tho
future, but that futuro has long since
become so burdened with that sort of
j thing that it is more than problematical whether the obligations now outstanding nre roully worth fifty cents on
tho dollar of their original value. Judging from the present nigh prices of all
commodities—which only spells depreciated ' currency—and their continued
rise ;'i spite of all price-fixers, it looks
as though another year or two of this
accumulating wealth by war, would result in a currency level of value being
reached very similar to that of the
Southern Confederacy when it went
broke in 1865. The possibility of a nation becoming rich by running in debt
will then be most convincingly demonstrated. Also the possibility of skinning slaves and trading in their hides
as a safe and sane cornerstone upon
which to erect the fabric of civilization. And also the possibility of ani-
mnl society, either huhian or otherwise,
existing upon the planet fbr nny length
of time under the circumstunces and
conditions of the wealth producers being enslaved and robbed by their own
*       *       #
The sheet in quostion quotes somo
statistician as saying, that "American
wealth amounts to $2280 per capita,"
thus making that country tho richest
on earth. This means, if it moans anything, that the wealth producers of
that country can pay revenue 'upon that
much por capita. In other words, they
are in debt that much to tho American
capitalists. They are worth that much
to their ownera, for surely if they owe
$2280 each to the capitalists, thc latter
own them body, boots and breeches.
And right there is ample additional
proof of the atatement we have already
made that debt can never be paid.
$2280 per each man, woman and child
in the country. Does there exist one
so simple as to imagine that such a
sum could ever be paid! Try as we
may to explain it away, the fact still
persists that all this talk about wealth
is pure buncombe. There is nothing to
wealth outside of the dailiy productive
power of the working class of the
world, and the results of that are 'used
up by ruling class society as fast as
they are brought forth. All food, clothing, shelter and all other usable things
are consumed! as fast as produced. Nothing is stored up, nothing is accumulated except the credit tokens, figures
and other evidence of the wealth that
ia produced by the workors and is taken
from them without any payment or recompense therefor. No payment can be
made, for thore is nothing to pay with.
The entire financial pretense ia nothing
but a sham and a humbug. It is pure
and unadulterated flimflam, ao involved
and hidden as to even befool the majority of tho alleged experts who work
it. It is now rapidly breaking down,
and thereby disclosing ita humbug character to those who caro to aee it. By
thia present war capitalism is stripping
itself dear of all humbug and disclosing itself in obscene nakedness as the
clumsiest and most transparent subterfuge ever concocted by the animal cunning of a vulgar iMling class, to covor
up the hideouB crime of human slavery
from the oyos of the victims of it. If
the slave was not the original easy
mark, he would have seen through it
nges ago. It, or he, whichever you like,
has been a good thing for rulers and
robbers for the last ten thousand years.
Their gnme is now about up, but it is
no fault of the slaves. If the game
was workable for another ten thousand
years, the slaves would do their part.
At least tt looks like it.
SUNDAY, Oct. 21—Telegraphers.
MONDAY, Oct. 22—Amal. Engineers, Boiler Makers, Steam
Engineers, Electrical Workers,
Pattern Makers, U. B. Carpenters No. 617, Iron Workers,
Street Railwaymen's Exec.
TUESDAY, Oct. 23—Butchers
and Meat Cutters, Barbers,
Machinists No. 777, Brotherhood Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24—Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Street
Railwaymen, Metal Trades
Council) Mill and, Factory
THURSDAY, Oct. 25—Machinists No. 182, Sheet- Metal
Workers, Shipwrights aad
Caulkers, Painters.
FRIDAY, Oct. 26—Plumbers,
Pile Drivers aud Wooden
Bridge Builders, Shipyard Laborers, Timber Workers, No. 3.
NOT LONG SINCE Secretary McAdoo gave -utterance to the statement, that after the war would
ensue an era of competition of "un-
pnralled ferocity." And now comes
President Wilson
WHY A "TIERCE ns authority that
COMPETITION" a high state of
IN THE FUTURE? efficiency in production and a
thorough conservation of food will be
"necessnry in order to meet tho fiorce
industrial competition that will follow
the making of peace." Just why the
human animals that inhabit the earth
should be called upon to engage in
competition ngainst each other, either
as individuals or as aggregations of
individuals, in order to live, has never*
yet been satisfactorily explained by
those who tnke it upon themselves to
marshal the competitive hosts and
urge them on in the ferocious struggle.
To no other animal is allotted the unhappy fate of being doomed to an eternal struggle of competitive ferocity
against his kind in order to gain a
living. That is a distinction evidently
reserved for man, the onty animal in
the whole lot that is supposed to be
guided in his actions by intelligence
and reason, instead of being left, as
are the lower animals to the fallibility of
instinct to guide him through the dangers and pitfalls of mundane existence.
It would seem to be quite enough that
, men must fight each other to the death
Jin times of war, without being also
; called upon to engage in a perpetual
and deadly "competition c* unparal-
lellcd ferocity," during times of peace.
But if that is tho best that the high
priests of the present order havo to
offer to the sons of toil, it would seem
to be about time that thc lntter made
effort to solve the problem of why they
should be made to suffer such an unhappy fate.
*      *      *
As this penalty of competition appears to bo in some manner linked up
with trade, and we are led to this con-
elusion by noting thnt our high priests
of political and economic wisdom
couple tho two together, it only becomes necessary to npply the scalpel
of enquiry tn that world fetish of
trnde, to uncover the renson why we
I can only escape the deadly Scylla of
war, by immediately fnlting Into the
j equally fierce and almost na deadly
I Charybdis of a "competition of un-
; paralleled ferocity." And what is
j trade! In its incipiency it may well
; have been a simple exchange of
products between the individual producers thereof, who lived as neighbors
in thc primitive community. It measured b\it a very short step boyond the
time when our primitive forbears aided each other in their simple
pursuits by nn exchange of
lalmr. a practice thnt still prevails to a limited extent in mnny country districts.^. But trade has assutned
an altogether different character. It
has now become a world obsession and
pursues its ruthless course by crushing
all obstacles that may obstruct its
I pnthway, under tho merciless pressure
of Its cheap goods, cheap because they
aro taken from those who produce
'hem, without anything being givon In
return. Trade, as we know it now,
is but tho world trnflic in the plunder
accruing to the owners and masters of
slavos, ns a result of thc oxponditure
of the energy, tho life force, of thoso
slnves in the operation of Industry. All
that great volume of wealth, that presents itself to us in tho form of goods,
merchandise, eommoditiea, factories,
shops, warehouses, railways, ships,
mines, and all that these Imply, represents only plunder that has been taken
nut of tbe hide nnd sweat of the slaves
of modern capitnllsm and Is being
swapped, traded, transferred, peddled,
und otherwise disposed of, by the mast-
over here is $o see that when factories
and numerous other things that might
be mentioned, are built, the titles of
ownership and the supreme control
thereof shall bo secured to the capitalists, the modern slave owners and masters. ThiB precious thing which so
many supposedly erudite persons refer
to as "they" is nothing but an instrument of the ruling class, the purpose of
pehich merely is to hold slaves in leash
for exploitation. The toolB of government are the club, the gun and the
bayonet, and houBeB are not built with
such tools. No indeed. As to "surplus
population," there will not be any by
the time this delightful little government job in Europe is finished, that iB,
if it lasts long enough.
Very interesting indeed ia the story
of the military adventures of the valiant soldier who carried the first American flag in attack against the Germans
in France, aB told by himself through
the columns of the press recently. In
the course of his somewhat adventurous
career along the battlefront during the
last three years he was, according to
his own confession, shot through the
head three times without injury to his
mentality. Of such stuff it is an easy
matter to make heroes.
ors and owners, not only bf the plunder, but also of the Blaves that brought
it forth by their industry. By tneana
of their ownership of the means of
life, tho resources of the earth and the
machinery of industry, the capitalists
of this and all othor countries of the
earth, as absolutely own the wealth
producers as did the chattel slave
masters of the ancient world own their
human chattels, or the Southern planters own their "niggers" prior to the
civil war in the United States.
*      *      *
Out of that which the producers of
wealth—the enslaved workers—bring
forth by their labor, they get just
onough upon the average to keep them
in working condition. The balance Ib
forever lost to them and might just as
well nevor have been produced, as far
as they are concerned. In fact, it is
worse than wastod to them, for the
very reason that its production called
for an expenditure of energy upon their
part which brought them no corresponding recompense. That is what
slaves have always been doing. That
is what they are for.
As slave masters find themselves* in
competition with each other for the
customers that m'ust be found in order
to dispose of their wares—the plunder
taken from their slaves—and as these
masters (capitalists can only find customers and hold them by and through
the cheapness and good quality of their
wares, it is not necessary to seek farther for the reason why their slaves
must bc driven to efficiency and mercilessly exploited in a "competition
of unparalleled ferocity." The only
known way to produce goods cheaply
is by driving the slaves without merey
and holding them down to the lowest
possible amount of sustenance and shelter that thoy can be forced to exist
and work upon. The common torm
for this sustenance and shelter ia
wages, and is only calculated to cover
that which the chattel slave of the
olden time got direct from the hand of
his master in the shape of a hut, corn
meal, molasses, sow belly and beans,
and the horse, ox and ass of today gets
as hay, oats and stable. And the
beauty of it all - ia that wages aro
squared with a paper promise, which
is subsequently redeemed out of the
very same products that have been produced by the slavos themselves. But
even after this paper promise haB thus
been redeemed it atill lives, no matter
if the redemption has been repeated a
thousand times. It is thc only created
thing the immortality of whieh is beyond doubt. Hurrah for "competition
of unparalleled ferocity! "
It is announced by the Ogilvie Flour
Milling Company, that its profits for
the yoar amount to $1,358,847. That
means that the eompany got that sura
for nothing. It is the reward received
bv the shareholders for their thrift and
abstinence in refraining from doing
anything in the shape of work, for the
period mentioned. A very sad part of
the affair is that the government of
Canada stepped in and grabbed one-
half of the swag in the form of taxes.
Tbat almost looks like robbery.
The brutal and autocratic, authorities
in' their blind zeal to cram the youth
of thc land with "Prussian kultur"
recently added from 40 to 80 minutes
to the school day for military training. Six hundred high school students
immediately went on strike against it
and Miss Anna I.ederer, as head of a
students' committeo informed the
authorities that 4,000 would follow unless military training was discontinued.
Oh, by the wny, we forgot to state
that this happened in the city of Now
York, in the land of kaiser Woodrow
tho I., not in Berlin or some othor city
in the land of Kaiser Bill tho II.
Mr. Samuel Gomper's precious creation known as the American Alliance
for Lnbor and Democracy, is to send
a commission composed of 50 appointees of Gomper's, to fix the Russian
people up and instil into thom a due
and propor appreciation of Samuel and
his philosophy of himself as set forth
by himself to nn astounded world of
his own creation. It is to be hoped
thnt the Russian workmen are sufficiently familiar with the hollow mock-
cry of Samuel's impudent pretense of
being anything other than a cheap
political booster for Wilson "democracy" and a bombastic reactionary to
whom all progressive thought Is a
stranger and who is utterly nnd hopelessly ignorant upon all tnattcrs having any hopeful bearing or influence
upon any labor movement worthy of
the name, to ignore his committee except by requesting it to remain at homo
und devote its energy to greasing the
ways for Mr. Gomper's slide into the
oblivion of useless and diacardod things j
where ho properly belongs and into
which he is due to be launched in the
near future, and also to which ho
should have been long sinco consigned.
A prominent Labor man In England
asks: "Will the govornment, in peaco
times, use the factories they have built
in war time to foed and clothe tho surplus population which capitalism has
always Wt to starve!" Without expressing admiration for that sort of
grammar that nlways refers to government as "they," we would beg to remark that governments in Europe may
build factories, but ovor on this side of
the pond such things are always bnilded
by labor.     All that government does
That pious old soul, the Rev. W. G.
W, Fortune, goneral secretary of the
People's Prohibition association, while
on a recent tour of dry triumph through
the interior, came "across a ease of a
man who had refused to come out of
the hills until the bars were closed. 'I
want my wad,' " he told a friend. And
now tho dealers in ginger beer, pink
tea, reduced rain water and ice cream
Are laying for him when he does come
to town. It is not written in the book
of .fate that wads should long survive
in the dizzy whirl of city dissipation.
If he comes to Vancouver, tag day will
get him if nothing else does.
The only serious tactical blunder
ever made by the late Sir Richard McBride was when he responded to a call
from Ottawa. His subsequent pilgrimage was disastrous and he cut no further live figure in Canadian politics.
Premier Brewster recently responded
to a similar call, but having been given
the "once over" by the wiso mon of
the east the cannery magnate has been
returned to the political wilds of B, C.
And many there aro hereabouts who
opine that to be called but not choBcn,
may even lead to greater disaster than
overtook Sir Bichard, who was not
only called, but safely ran tho gauntlet of keen inspection. There are more
reasons than one why erstwhile prominent .politicians subsequently succumb
to tho oblivion-compelling weakness of
inocuous desuetude.
The production of coal in the United
States during the year 1016 amounted
to 600,000,000 tons. Thp production
for 1917 will be at loast 10 per cent,
greater. This would be equivalent to
six tons por head of population* or 30
tons per family, or in other words more
than sufficient coal to supply the legitimate and necessary requirements, of
the ordinary family for an entire generation, under living conditions uot
based upon slavery, trado, commerce
nnd proflt. The slaves of the coal Industry produced all of that coal and
got nothing out of it but their baro
living. Being slaves that is all they
were entitled to. And we note with
much pleasure that their officials are
emphatic ia affirming the coal miner's
loyalty to thc governmont of his masters and owners, and his sublime willingness to continue at his llghtsmoe
task and even increase tho amount of
juice delivored from his servile bones,
if the exigiencies of his master's war-
needs ahould require It. Upon auch u
solid foundation of docility and servility as afforded by the dyed-in-the-wool
wago slave of today, the noblo structure of capitalist pomp, power nnd pelf
is reared and rests securely.
"We will stand with the world
against militarism; We are not in this
fight because we \ love war. We ure
fighting because we love peace. Wo
know that this world is not big
enough for peace and Prussian militarism. Militarism, ait militarism,
must be destroyed, no matter what thc
cost,'' says Clarence Darrow. Quite so,
Clarence, quite so,. But believe us, Clarence, when wo whisper it into your
ear, that we are building up the finest
replica of the Prussian military machine that even a Prussian junker could
wish, and with that inborn cowardice
and servility that has been bred into
us by then thousand years of alavery
we are meekly preparing our fool
necks -for ita merciless iron heel in a
tffhnncr . that would do credit to tho
meekest and most docile German helot
that ever did his cowardly and cringing bit to make the hideous monstrosity of Prussian militarism possible. If
this war lasts long enough to enable
our most worthy and puissant rulers
and masters to perfect their military
machine and plats so as to make tbo
world safe for their kind of domocracy,
we will have our work cut out for us
in destroying militarism right here at
home. Don't forget that, Clarence,
And also do not forget that militarism
will not be destroyed until thc last
slavo is freed from his slavery. The
military establishment nnd slavery nre
veritable Siamese twins, Born together, nourished together, thc former to
defend the latter nnd the latter to
feed them both, as well as to fatten
their common mnsters, they are inextricably bound together by the nexus
of a common mission; that of.tho aggrandizement of rulers and the perpetuation of their vulgar right to rule
and rob. Thoy must pass Into oblivion
together. Thc one ennnot go without
the other. Keep that in mind, Clarence; keep that in mind.
Mr. Samuel Gompers says that
"peaco when It comes must mean the
crushing of militarism for nil time to
come." This scorns to us most unduly
rash and 'quite dangerous, indeed. A
most startling innovation and fraught
with most terrifying possibilities. Why,
fully 35 per cent, of the BlBbeo, Ariz.,
deportees, that woro chased out of the
stato, by the gunmen nnd thugs of the
copper companios, belonged to organizations affiliated with the American Federation of Lnbor. Mr, Gompors should
not forget that these deportees wore
rescued from their pursuers at tho
Arizona stato lino, by the military
forces of the United Stales, and hnvo
since boon cared for and protected in
their "democracy," thoir right of
'' colloctivo bargaining'' and their
"right to Btrike," by these same mill
tary forces. And Mr. Gompers would
crush '' militarism for all timo to
come." Mr. Gompors would thus do
stroy all that stood and yet stands between the valiant souls placed under
his economic shcphcrshlp and the sad
fate of being eternally chased across
the barren deserts that He outside the
hostile precincts of tho Arizona copper
plantation. Had it not beon for the
paternal interference of the military
authoritioB the deportees would no
doubt still be kicking up the desort
dust In frantic effort to outdistance
the pursuing gunmen, and their "democracy" and other sacred rights
would still be most Beriously jeopardized. Just Why Mr. Gompers would
have the only saviour of tho deportees
destroyed, is beyond our ken, And
more especially ia viow of the outstanding fact that he does not seem
to have been able to pull off any saving
stunt in their behalf, either on hia own
account or on that of his organization.
Ono of our exchanges remarks editorially, that
"If overy man amongst us realized
bis duty thore would be no politics
in this Dominion, there would be no
mischief-making, no misleading of
the less well-informed public, no
manufacture of party capital oat of
issues of the battleeld, no misrepresentation of motives, no profiteering, no misstatement of facts by politicians who know the truth, no fac-
tionism, no opportunism, no slackers,
no weakness, no cowardice, no sedition."
Now this may" all bo true, but still
such a picture has itB dark side. If
we all realized our duty and fearlessly
performed it, no doubt all of the above
would be true, but what a list of horrors loom in tho background to darken
the picture and cause dismal forebodings to affright us, and terrifying chills
of apprehension to course fitfully and
furiously lengthwise of our ordinarily
placid spinal column. Just think of
it. Without the above we would have
no masters and no slaves, no rulers and
no ruled, no robbers and no robbed, no
autocrats and no Wilson democrats, no
Sam Gompers and no American Alliance for Labor and Democracy, no
spiritual shepherds and heavenly gold-
brick peddlers and no Billy human
sheop to be shorn of earthly wool and
simple easy marks to be spiritually
gold-bricked cMt of yellow-legged
chickens and other toothsomo delicacies, no riproaring Roosevelt and dull-
witted Tnft, no lousy penitentiaries for
suffragists and I.W.W. 's alongside of a
most noble struggle to "make the;
world safe for domocracy," no kings,1
no queens, no emperors, no kaisers, no
presidents, no governors, no General
Sam Hughes, no sheriffs, no constables,
no courts, no judges, no banks, no
mortgage companies, no landlords, no
rent, no interest, no profit, no police
to arrest us and no jail to lock us up
in, no gallows to bo hung on, and no
hell to be sent to after Wo are dead,
no lawyers, no politicians, no platform
and editorial liars, no uplifters, no tag
days, no food controller, no censor of
either the press or of public morals,
no sooial evil, no redlight district and,
in fact, a thousand nnd onc things that
aro provided by the presont delectable
order of society and to which we have
so long been accustomed that thoy
have become necessaries of life to us
and by means of whieh our parched and
thirsty souls attain a satisfaction that
the panting hart could find only in thc
water brook. Bui the picture is too
dismal and forbidding. With a shudder we blot it out. Even with all of
the humorous, the ludicrous, the absurd, the comical, the laughable, the
paradoxical, the impossible, tbe fantastical, tho grotesque, that is so lavishly
displayed in this capitalist civilization,
life is gloomy-enough to satisfy the
wildest ambitions of a confirmed hypochondriac. Why make it worse by wiping out all the funny stuff enumerated
General Isaac R. .Sherwood, Toledo,
civil war veteran and Liberal Democrat
who was re-elected last year oa an
anti-war platform, issued a statoment
on the recent pritaary election in Toledo, whieh he said gives an indication
of the trend of publio feeling toward
the repreasionist methods of the administration at Washington.
"Under the municipal code, recently
adopted," ho said, "the primary is to
settle the question of who is to get on
tho ticket, only three being allowed to
run for any office.
"The whole number of votei ia To*
ledo is about 22,000.
"Edward T. Usher, president of the
Central Labor union, composed of 91
locals representing over 10,000 men,
also editor of the Union Leader, a labor
organ, and follower of Samuel Gompers
in the prosent war, received only 524
votes in tho entire city.   This is official.
"Hayworth, the socialist candidate,
received 2259 votes, and is one of the
throe men nominated.
"The socialists carried eight wards
out of a possiblo 16. In seven wards
they polled 10,504 voteB, and in eight
they polled 11,054, or more than half of
tbe aggregate in the entire eity.
"This is conceded to be the most re-
markablo primary ever hold in Toledo,
Last fall, with a socialist candidate
running for congress, they polled only
2000 in the entire district. In one ward,
thia year, they polled 2628 votes,
"The result is very remarkable, owing to the faot that tho socialists apparently made no campaign. They endeavored to hold one meeting in Memorial hall, but were driven out of the
hall by the authorities. Then they attempted to have a meeting outside on
the Btreet, and that mooting was broken
up by soldiers, so that thoy wero unable
to make any campaign."—Tho Co-Ope-
ratlvo News.
"National Service" a la Private Oar.
Mr. Robert J. Fleming, general manager of the Toronto Street Railway
company, with a party of friends, arrived in the city early this morning in
the private car "Ontario," over thc
Canadian Northern Railway.—Daily
Province, Oct. 18.
J. Edward Sam     OSes: Uy. 4141
Biniitm, Sallcilari, Caanjraactn, Ele.
Victoria and Vancouver
Veaooovar Offlw: 516*7 Roger, Bldg.
... M.000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
name* of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a Arm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Comer Hastings ud Camiit Sti.
The Baaksf British North America
^^^^^        1 ll ISM     ^^
Braaohw throoghoat Canada aad al
Striata Saaartaait
O. N. STAGEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
Don't itow away yonr apart
cash ln tny old corner whut it is
ln danger from burglars or Art.
Tht If erehantt Bank of Canada
off en yon perfect safety for yonr
money, tnd will give you fall
banking aervice, whether yonr account li large or amall.
Intoreat allowed on savings deposits.
W, O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Carrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital puid-up .....
Beserve Funds	
Total Assets	
 t 12,911,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
art west of Winnipeg.
Optn aa aeeonnt ud make deposits regularly—My, tvery payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  Nt dtlay In withdrawal.
FBIDAT. .October 19, 1917
"Annie of Spite"
Second Episode of
; Theatre
One week commencing
Monday, Oct. 22
The great laughing hit
"A Pair of
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
The Broadway
For Friday and Saturday
This Week
Jack Pickford and
Louise Huff
Monday and Tuesday
Edna Mayo
"Salvation Jones"
Wedneediy tod Thursday
Sessue Hayakawa
-IN— • ' .
"The Jaguar's Claws"
Popular Prices
Main and Broadway
8:80--TWIOB DAILY—8:!0
in a Ohoreeter Song Cycle
in  "Maggie Taylor,"   Waltreu
Original Mister of the Piano
A Short Song Recital
"Suicide Garden"
William Ejdlrettu and his Posing
Horse, and Dogs
Mr.  Martin Beck Presents  tho Official British Oovernment Pictures of
The  Supreme Picture   Sensation    of
the Oreat War
PRICES (Including Tail:
Ifatiiaa: lSe, soe. 80a aat SSo.
Eicept Holiday matinees.
"Tf: lie, SOe, ita, SSe aad SSe
From the Front Trenches
Of Tyranny's Armageddon
With Democracy Rampant While
Autocracy Shudders Guiltily in the
— Background	
Ovor' 1100 conscripts have failed to
roport to mobilization camps from New
York city. Thua autocracy scores a
point and "democracy gets a shock,
while the draft boards are in a devil of
a stew over the matter of rounding up
the wicked delinquents.
The federal authorities are holding
twonty-eight members of the I. W. W.
in the Fierce county, Washington, jail,
as political prisoners. Russia used to
send her political offenders to Siberia.
The difference between autocracy and
"democracy" may be clearly noted.
Hundreds of prostitutes are clustering around Camp Lewis, Washington,
and the .military hospital is laid to be
filled with venereal oases. The military
authorities are said to be muoh dis*
turbed. It is aot stated whether these
prostitutes are financed with "Hurf"
money or not. Postmaster General
Burleson should be called upon to exclude them from the males, he being
a past-master at that sort of thing.
A naval commander in uniform congratulated three sailors, also ln uni*
form, at the White House gate recently
for having valiantly torn a banner from
the hands of Miss Alice Paul, national
chairman of the Woman's Party. The
banner bore the startlingly revolution*
ary demand of "Mr. President, what
will you do for woman suffrage!" and
Miss Paul weighs less than 100 pounds.
The commander should have bestowed
upon the valiant trio war medals at
least as large as pancake griddles.
Four militant suffragists wore given
sentences of six months each for the
crime of picketing the White House,
the residence of the democratic kaiser
of the United States, recently, by a
police court judge. Declaring that they
will obey no law in tho making of
which women do not participate, the
suffragists announce tnat they will
hold a monster demonstration in front
of the Whito House on Nov. 10. It
seems that these feminine rebels
against tyranny are not so obsessed
with the duty of obeying every law
made by masters to govern the conduct of slaves aa are their masculine
compatriots. To refuse to obey their
masters' law is about the last tiling
that he-cowards would ever think
of doing.
The New York papers admit that
never before had such a tremendous
crowd come together in that city for
any purpose, as gathered around Madison Square Garden recently in a huge
protest against the brutally Prussian action of the government at Washington
in suppressing the socialist dailieB. The
garden will hold 20,000 poople, but long
before the time for the meeting to come
to order, the police was compelled to
close the doors and a detail of 200 pa
trolmen was required to keep the immense crowds that packed adjacent
streets in order. It iB conservatively
estimated that fully 50,000 people participated in the demonstration. Tens
of thousands marched' through the
streets from Madison Square Garden to
the Union League club on Fifth avenue
and then through the hotel district,
after the meeting, shouting "Down
with capitalism," "Give ub a free
presB," and "Revolution." Wilson'B
battle ory for "democracy" seems to
be going fine.
Twelve conscripts have been stmt
to the insane asylum from the Ameri
can Lake cantonment during the last
two weeks. Reports from many pointB
show that a large number of men have
killed themselves to avoid the degreda-
tion of enforced military slavery.
Thousands have been imprisoned as
draft evaders.
B.C. Unionists Should Receive
******     ******     ******     ******
And Pay for Their Own Paper
October 6 was a veritable field day
for Wilson democracy. On that day
occurred the battle of San Antonio.
Casualties—three killed and one wounded. Draft resistors routod—Fred Fair-
child, formor socialist candidate for
governor of South Dakota, arrested by
the government; eleven members of
Working Class Union sentenced at
Enid, Okla., to six years imprisonment
for opposing draft; Milwaukee Leader
barred from the mails; Rainer Valley
Citizen barred from the mails for patriotic organizations, charges filed
against editor; Capt. Donald Fry brave*
ly leading home-guards Btorms a pacifist meeting and captures 15 prisoners
and an American Hag; congress votes
to< investigate Senator LaFollette and
adjourns. The morale of autocracy
has been considerably shaken in con*
sequence of these brilliant strategeti-
cal moves of militant "democracy"
of the latest type.
More than ten yeara ago the officers
of the International Typographical
Union started a campaign among, its
members, urging them to make the
subscription price of the I. T. U. Journal a part of the per capita tax. At
that time the Journal had a meagre
circulation and* its influence affecting
matters printorial was practically nil.'
The international officers, however,
recognizing the imperative necessity of
a more representative journal, were
persutont.and in the cd.irso of time
tho educational campaign vigorously
carried oa had had ita effect and the
referendum finally carried. The result
is now patent to anyone acquainted
with the Typo, union and its monthly
official journal.
All this was made possible by placing
a regular assessment of only five cents
per month on the card of each member.
Intermittently for tho past eight
years the management of The Federationist haa been advocating the adoption of a similar policy to that of the
6S.O0O members of the Typo, union, in
this province.
At the Rovelstoke convention of the
B. C. Foderation of Labor, laat January, the proposal waa mado the subject of considerable discussion, resulting in the matter being referred to
the executive, with Instructions that
it be made a Subject for roport to
the next convention, to be held in Vancouver threo months hence.
Meantime the eiroulation of The
Federationist has been moro 'than
doubled by the unions and unionieta of
B. C. But the plan has not been
adopted by the B. C. F. of L. as a fixed
part of its constitutional requirements
of the afflliated membership.
Secretary-treasurer Wells will Issue a
circular to the unions of B. C, covering the subject, in tho course of a week
or two. The Federationist hopes that
the membership will give the subject
the consideration which it believes it
deserves. The adoption of such a
polloy by the B. C. F. of L. must at
once be manifest to those desirous of
seeing a medium of publicity developed
in tbe Labor world. It would solve
the problem of securing circulation. It
would result in a better-informed membership. This would soon reflect itself
in a more militant Labor movement.
It would tend to make "the unity of
Labor" a possibility before the membership of thia generation all die. The
burden of financing The Federationiat
would be placed where it properly belongs—upon the rank and fife. Five
conts per month, with a circulation of
20,000, would mske the proposal possible even for the present weekly edition of eight pages. That amount
would work no hardship upon the individual member. . But, in the aggregate, with no eost for collection, it
would mesn much to the success
The Federationist.
Surely this question ean be disposed
.< A* *ie ioaS.nf JsMsry eonvention
of the B. O. Federation of Labor, by
the adoption of the policy whieh has
proved auch a boon to the membenhlp
of the Tvpo. union and other Internationale aince then. At any rate, the
delegates should eome to the convention prepared to deal with the aubjeet
in earnest.
We will sell a limited number of practical
and up-to-date hats for the
Set Onr Window PiipUj
532 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 8291
Thli Week.
Orpheum—First-class vaudeville.
Pantages—An excellent bill, with
Globe-—Pictures that have crowded
the house.
Broadway—A splendid reel of pictures.
Impress—A play splendidly acted
and of gripping interest.
Next Week.
Pantages—The manager says the
-ahow will be equal to this week's.
Empress—Another offering of the
Empress stock eompany.
Orpheum—Vaudeville of which the
manager expects public approval.
Broadway—Pictures. |
Oom«d> Week at tbe Empress.
Commencing Monday night, the Empress
theatre will present New York's biggest
comedy success "A Pair of Sixes," and
Vancouver theatre goers are assured of one
of the greatest laughing hits in local theatrical history. "A Pair of Sixes," contains
one of those unique plots that is distinctly
original, and Is brim full of side-splitting
situations that keep the audience convulsed
with laughter, during every moment of the
action of the farce. The entire company
will be seen ln the classy comedy, and those
who don't want to miss one of the biggest
laughing hits of the season, should order
their seats In advance, as "A Pair of Sixes"
Is sure to pack the Empress at every per
At PantagM.
Not often does a spectacle of the beauty
of "Dream of the Orient," next week's
Pantages headliner, visit Vancouver, If the
advance notices are not too enthusiastic.
Headed by Madame Makarenko, there are
ten people In the cast, all Russian or Polish,
and all flne singers and dancers; there nro
two scenes of richness and beauty, and fourteen musical numbers are the foundation for
the offering. "Dream of the Orient" is an
ambitious affair, and makes the whole bill
somewhat longer than usual
[By Bev. Charles Btelzle]
"Thim dagos is just apilin' this country for us Americans,'' aaid a patriot,
recently. ThiB remark reveals some interesting phases of the immigrant problem.
Fourd hundred yeara ago the original
Americans—the Indians—looked with
great disfavor upon the coming of
■foreigners," and they gave protty
strenuous evidonce of this disapproval.
Ever aince that time, history has been
repeating Itself. Those whom the Indians hated, scorned the "riffraff"
which followed them. Theso in turn
despised the Germans, the Germans
could not tolerate the Irish, the Irish
will fight the Italian, and already the
Italian considers himself superior to
the Slav.
But each incoming race lias succeeded
in lifting itself out of the ditch, until
today it is difficult to distinguish the
foreigner from the real American. The
intermingling of tho races has actually
resulted in a better typo' of manhood
than would have been possiblo in the
pure stock. The ideal man will onc day
come out of this mixture of blood.
It is generally supposed that the for*
eigners who have beon pouring into our
country during recent years really
dominate the political and. economic
life of the nation. As a matter of fact,
Uie percontago of foreign born in the
United States was practically the aame
in 1910 that it wob forty years before.
It is true that there are many more
foreigners in America, and that in some
cities tho percentages are greater, but
as a whole the American is holding his
own in the matter of equal reprcsenta-
There is practically no danger to the
economic life of tho nation through the
coming of the foreigner. At any rate,
tbe danger is no greater than it was
forty years ago. There are other dangers in our social and in our political
life, but safety from them depends more
upon the American than lt does upon
tho immigrant. The American must
show tho immigrant how to bake the
most of himself. In this task the trade
union can help immensely. Indeed, the
trade union already touches the immigrant, directly, as no othor organization docs. Hore is a job which should
engage the attention of the best statesmen in the labor movement.
Bacon, sliced, per To 300
Ayrshire Bacon ....30c and S6c
Slater's Tea, lb SOc
Slater's Coffee, lb — 28c
Apex Jam, 4-IU. tins ~ 45c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 25c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for 25c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St Esst   Ssy. 8262
830 OnuniU* St.     Sey. 866
S2U Mala Stnet.    Fair. 1683
—Next Walk—
"Dream of the Orient"
Magnlfleent  Oriental Spectacle.
latlsMH, lSc m4 tie   W|Ms, 20c ud SOo per to each member now in Prance.
Men- Refuse to Return to Work on
Argentine Railroads, Despite Decree,
BEUNOS AIRES, Oct. 18.—Despite
tho recont presidential decree announcing tho end of thc railroad striko nnd
the agreoment by tho companies to increase wages ten per cent., tho mnjority
of the strikers aro ref-wing to resume
work. The striko has lasted nearly a
month and its effects have beon aggravated by tho simultaneous paralysis of
ocean and river truffle and the destruction of telegraph linos, causing hinny
points to be completely isolated. *
The Rude Inter)ector.
"Your son must be forced to fight."
"Of courBe," said the old maid.
"Hear, hoar," snid the married woman without a child.
"Quito so," snid tho clergyman who
was exempted by the politician.
"Exactly," said tho solf-exempted
politician, who was blosscd by the
"Them's my scntimontB," said the
usurer, who was waxing fat on blood-
"And mine, too," said tho Big Employer, who drenmed of cheap colored
labor and bigger profits.
"How perfectly unanimous we are,"
ejaculated the politician.
'' In staying at homo,'' said the
rude worker, who was keeping the lot
of them,—Australian Worker.
Vancouver Plasterers' Remembered,
That the membership of the Plasterers' union ore "doing their bit" is
evidenced by the fact that over 25
per cent, of them are serving overseas.
At the meeting Wednesday night it
was decided to send a Christmas ham-
To Hold Labor Conference
at Border  Towns
This Month
"Fourteen thousand Mexican miners
work in the copper, silver and gold
mines of Arizona. Over half or the
membership of the Arizona State Federation of Labor—an integral and representative part of the American Federation of Labor—Ib either of Mexican blood or birth/' says the Mexican Review. "In this state, the wage-
workers of the two sister republics
have come to a fraternal understanding which marks the beginning of the
end of all future border wars. With
the inevitable spread of this understanding throughout the Labor movements of the united States of North
America and the United States of
Mexico, military aggression, interventions and conquests will become impossible, and to thu end the convention
at Clifton of the Arizona State Federation of Labor, during its second day's
session, August 6, 1917, eleoted a committee of five to hold an international
conference with representatives of the
Sonora Workingman's Congress of
Mexico for the purpose of devising
practical plans for mutual aid in in*
dustrial actions."
This statement was made by the secretary of the Pan-American Federation
of Labor conference committee, John
Murray, at a meeting of this international body held in the A. F. of L.
building, August 20, presided over by
Samuel Gompers. In the course of his
report Secretary Murray explained how
the laat great strike In the Clifton-
Morenci dlatrlct, Arizona, had been
won by the solidarity of the Mexican
miners. He asserted that the I. W. W.
movement had no hold; on either the
Mexican or American miner in Arizona
or Mexico. It was due to the mine
ownors and their managers falsely proclaiming every labor organizer to be
an "I. W. W. agitator" that caused
the lawless bands of vigilantes, under
the direct control of these same copper barons, to terrorize and >'deport
every wage-worker not to their liking.
Proof wns given to the committee that
the copper mine owners financed these
vigilance committees, tho same copper
interests that operate In Cananea and
New Mexico, as well as throughout
The proposed international conference will probably be held in October,
on alternate days, in the two towns
touching each other on the border lino,
Douglas and Agua Prieta. Invitations
nre to be given to the governors of
Chihunhua, Sonora, Arizona and Texas
to bo present, as well as the members
of the Pan-American Fedoration of
Labor Conforonco Committee, with its
representatives from Porto Rico, Santiago Iglesias; Cuba, Antonio Cnrrea
Gonzalez; Yucatan, Carlos Loveirn;
Federated Syndicates of Mexico, Ed
mundo Martinez; and Cardenlo Gonzalez, representing tho Chilian Labor
As Mexico has today In hor various
Labor organizations ovor half a million
mon and women, this international conference moans not only the binding of
Labor tics across the border, but tho
beginning of an understanding between
peoples of the westorn hemisphere
guaranteeing a lasting peace.
Montreal Job Men Out for More Money
—Got 20 per Oent, Increase Laat July.
Two hundred and eighty job presB'
men are on strike in Montreal, They
demnnd nn increase in their scale of
wages, which now runs from $16 to $23
a week. The pressmen woro given a
20 per cent, increase In July, but claim
the money paid them is not as large as
that paid in Toronto.
The Federationist WIU Do Its Utmost
to Deserve Larger Circulation.
Much credit for tho rapidly-growing
mailing list of Tho Federationist Is
due the business agents and union secretaries. All seem to bo trying to outdo each other in an effort to mako big
additions to the mailing Hat. Thov
want tho membership to read Tho Foil.
and they appreciate that tho management is doing ita best to give them a
Labor paper worth while. The addition of more than 1,200 names during
the past three weoka gives one some
idea of the progress being made.
International    Arbitration
Board   Deadlocked
on Issue
Two years sgo, Looal No. 88, International Stereotypers and Electrotypers
union, served notice on the local Newspaper Publishers' association, asking
tor a new agreement, embodying
among other items, a wage scale of tt
per day and 15.50 per night for journeymen, and a 7%4-hour day. The wage
thon in force was til per week for an
eight-hour day.
After considerable going back and
forth and dilly-dallying on the part of
the publishers, a demand was made by
the latter that, under the terms of sn
International contract, to which the
local union and publishers' association
were signatories, it be submitted to
Some months ago the local organisation went to the mat. The local board
consisted of Messrs. Ban and Nelson
for the publishers, and President McKinnon and Moses Cotsworth for ths
union. Mr. Burd, of the Province, presonted the case for the publishers and
Mr, Bonson of the Typographical union
for the stereoptypers.
Prof. Turnbull, of the B. C. University, was chairman.
This board, on the casting vote of
the chairman, refused to grant any ef
the demands of the local union, upholding Mr. Burd's contention that the
cost of living was cheaper now than
three years ago, and making an agreement to run three years. The local
union, of course, could not see this
way, and apepaled to the international
board. This board consists of three
international officers from each side to
tho dispute. /
This board has been sitting in Indianapolis during the past week, and
from a letter received from President
Freel of the Stereotypers', the information is conveyed that the board
has deadlocked on the question.
Ahd there the matter st present
rests. What the outcome will be is
hard to say, save that, until the issue
is settled the boys must continue to
work for a scale In effect three years
ago. Naturally, tho members of the
local are restless, as well they may be,
for with Mr, Justice Murphy granting
an increase of 17 per eent. to the
Electrical Workers' in their recent arbitration proceedings under the Lemieux act, and the company going him
ono better and granting 25 per cent,
(owing to the increased cost of living)
thoy find it hard to believo Mr. Burd's
contention that living now is cheaper
than three years ago.
Tho international board will meet
again and tuke up the appeal of No.
SS, but the outlook is not rosy for the
local. A visit is expected from Vice-
president Fitzsimmons, to soe wbat be
can do. In tho meantime, No. 88 is
not obeying tho sentiment of the old
Methodist hymn, "Walt, taoekly wait,
.Mill" llll-XM) ^"^
Canada's Best Coffee
packed by the vacuum
proeess in a tin which
keeps in all ths flavor, fragrance and richness. Tou sre
sure to like it when you try
it.   Order a trisl tin today.
■sltr, Dsaglsi ft Oo, ltd.
Vsuwniver, a O.
Now, I think there lta likeness 'twixt
St. Peter's life and mine,
For he did a lot of tramping long sgo
in Palestine.
He wss union when the workers Ilrst
began to organise,
Asd I'm glad that old St. Peter keeps
the gate of Paradise.
When the ancient agitator   snd   his
brothers carried swags,
I've no doubt he very often tramped
with empty tucker bsgsj
And I'm glad he's Heaven's picket,
for I hate oxplaining things,
And he'll think a union ticket just as
good as Whiteley King's.
He denied the Savior's unton, which
was weak of him, no doubt;  *
But perhaps his feet were blistered,
and his boots hsd gives out.
And the bitter storm was rushing on
the bark and on the slabs,
And a cheerful fire was biasing, and
the hut wss full of scabs.
won't wsnt to talk to angels who
have never been out back,
They might bother me with offers of
a banjo, meaning well,
Or a pair of wings to fly with when
I only want a spell;
I'll just ask for old St. Peter, and I
think when he appears,
I will only have to tell him that I've
carried swsg for years.
I've boen on the track, 111 tell Ute,
and I've done the best I could;
And he'll understand me better than
the other angels would.
He won't want to get a chorus out of
lungs that's worn to rags,
Or to graft the wings on shoulders
that are stiff with humping swags;
But I'll rest about the station where
the work-bell never rings,
'Till they blow the flsal trumpet, and
the great Judge sees to things.''
—Henry Lawson,
in Maorlland Worker.
Ar-Ray of Week-end
Specials Is Worthy'of
All  Union  Patronage
200 baskets of Blue Concord
Orapes for Wine and Jelly; to
sell at, eseh .. dOe
Sunkist Oranges, to sell st
per doi. Wc, SOc, 85c tnd 80c
Bipe Tomatoes, 2 lbs. for ... Ue
Eating and Cooking Apples, 48-
A   box ........ .-.. 11.80
Sirloin and Wing Bib Boast, per
T-Bone Boast asd Steaks, lb tie
Pot Bosst of No. 1 Beef,   psr
lb   UVie, IBs sod lit
Sausage,    Minced   Beef,    Veal,
Mutton and Pork.
Laurentia Cream, special 5 tins
for   Ue ,
Liptons Cocoa, %-Ib tin .... SOe
New Pack Salmon, tin  SOe
Ray's Hastings St.
Public Market
Phons Sermonr 38M-S805
Gifted Writer Sufteits An
■•*   Invincible Army of
meekly wait and murmur not.'
business agent dzuotobt
Aik for Labor  Tomplo   'Phono Exchango,
Seymour   7195   (unless   otherwise   stated)
Boilermakers—J. H. Carmlchacl, Room 212,
Labor Templo.
Bridge and  Structural  Iron Workers—Roy
Mam-car, ltoom 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 617—Walter
Thom as, Room 208.
Brothorhood of Carpenters, No. 2647—F. L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Electrical Workers—K. H.  Morrison,   Room
207,    Phone Sey. 8510.
Cooks   and   Walters—W.   McKenzie,    Room
209,  Labor Templo.
Doep Soa Flshermon's Union—Russell Kear-
loy, 437 Gore avenue.    Office phone,  Sey.
4704;   residence, High. 713R.
Longshoremen's      Association—Gordon      J.
* Kelly, 804 Pender stroet west; phono Soy.
;.  L. A.  Auxiliary—E.   Winch,    480  Howe
stroot.    Phono Sey.  6369.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving  Picturo  Operators—S.   Halg,   Room
Musicians—E. A. Jamioson, Room 805.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
Pattorn  Makers—H.  'I'.   Nlghtscales,    Room
212, Labor Templo.
I'ilo   Drivers   and   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room  206U,  Labor Temple.
I'lumbors—J.   Cowling,   Room  206ft,   Labor
Tomplo.    Phone Soy. 8611.
Sailors—W.  S.  Burns,   213  Hastings  stroet
wost.   Phone Soy. 8708.
Shipbuilders'   Laborer*—W.   Hardy,    Room
217,  Labor Templo.
Shipwrights     and     Caulkers—J.   Bromfield,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stage  Employees—H.   Pearson,    Room   304.
Stoam   and   Operating    Engineers—W.   A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A. Hoover,
eorner   Main   and   Prior  street*.     Phono
oxchange Sey. 6000; residence, Fair. 64 IR.
Teamsters—,1.  F. Pool, Room 206H-
Trades and Labor Conncil—Victor H. Mldgley,  Room 210.
Typographical—R.  H.   Moolands,  Room 206.
[By Nellie E. Johnson, in Boston
"I wiah to write juit a few Unci in
defense of our boyi who do not feel
enthusiasm enough about entering this
war to be anxious to enlist.... I should
like to see any army composed of our
ministers, our bankers, our newspaper
editors, who were anxious for tbis war,
our senators and representatives, our
president and our rich capitalists and
food speculators and all those who were
anxious for it, go over to France.
Let Mr. Wilson lead one division,
Col. Roosevelt another, Mr. Taft another, and lot our patriotic capitalists
be lesser officers. When we seo that
army going to tbe front we will work
as never before to grow foodstuffs
enough to prevent tbem from suffering the pangs of cruel hunger, because
we shall know, then, tbat these mon
mean wbat they say. Then tbe German army would be ready to talk
'peace,' because they would know wo
were in earnest. But for these men
to cull our boys 'slackers,' 'malingerers,' while they tuke good cure of
their own hides, is nnything but fair.
"Almost anyone cnn hoist n flag nnd
hurrah as lung an he knows be will
be safe.
"Life is sweet to tho most of us,
especially whon we are young. It ib
a gift from Ood, and we do not feel
like throwing awny the gift. We all
know that when we die we are a long
time dead and vory soon forgotten.
"Some say wc are fighting for the
freodom of the seas.' That chu not
be. For if that were so we should be
fighting England as well us Germany.
Somo say we are in this war because
Germany killed American citizens.
That can not bo Iho reason, because if
it were we should be at wnr with
Mexico. The newspapers say wo are
in thiB war to democratize Germany.
Charity should commence at home flrst.
When England, Ireland and India arc
republics it will bc time to talk about
democratizing Germany. If this coun*
try's doesn't come near being an autocratic form of government nt present,
show mc one that docs.
"No, you mon who nro staying nt
homo, don't call our boys, who liavo
just commenced to live, unmet* until
you go yourselves. You fttt, middle-
aged men can flght ns well as you oan
piny golf, und soldiers' rations and
ditch digging will reduce this surplus
weight you are dragging about with
you. Now, enlist, or'don't say 'slacker' to nny boy who wants to follow in
your footscps! You will make just as
good cannon feed as they will, and it
won't be so bad for the country if you
pass out, as you have lived long enough
to do quite a lot of damage as it Is.
Leave the boys at home and you go."
For Sslt
London, Csnsds.
D. J. Elmer
Sslos Msnsfer for
British   Columbls
snd Tnkon.
3118 Alberts St.
Ther *'. tb. Soeit bit of workmsn*
hip in Ih. bicycle world; 8 different
model. In virl.tr of colon.
Prteo. fron S18.J0 to 165.00. oa
may payment, tf dwirid.
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
SIS Hew. St,     SIS Button st w.
BET. 7495
AFTEB 6 p.m.—SET, 7S97K
rrwartTirWhlllli." HtenGeuye wttttlU..
sTt.tnmU*itkt«tm."Sherman T    I    VS
S .ll Ua SnkTupal.(«... 10 »«ki 25c. S
I THE PUBLIC 122 Em 37th SMI. New Y«k B
To Federationist
Plo.ee remember tbnt no letter
acknowledgment of subserlp*
tlone or renewals ire made.
The iddroe. libel on Tour
piper cirrlei the dite to which
yonr subscription ia pild. tf,
a.t.T forwarding monlei to this
office, tho correct change ' In
yonr libel dite I. not mide,
notify oi it once. When yoa
hive i kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwlie, kindly
■ind It to tbls office—not to
the other fellow. Thai yon
will rt*l mitten adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
l*bor Tint-pit,
TueoiTir, B. O. PAGE SIX
...October 19, 1917
33 : ffi
New Methods
In Dentistry
t-EOM time to time every line of business develops something
t new for efficiency. This is true of the profession of dentistry.
^ OT all of these, however,, stand the test of time and prac-
IV  tice, and prove of the efficiency first claimed for them.
T\ R. LOWE, the dental specialist, uses everything in conncc-
AS tion with his business that has been PROVED to have
MERIT or is NEEDFUL or WOBTHY as shown by scientific
practice to be necessary in SKILLED DENTISTRY.
Opp-UU Is^ccrdtiWvuX) aU_ AUym
We put the Union Label on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen---
We do this as a guarantee that you have received the best of jrork-
manship throughont the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters have for years given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
i were wearing clothes that fit—clothes that were built for them. See
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. The prioes on
our made-to-order Suits and Coats are the lowest consistent with standard goods and expert workmanship.
Mechanics' Shoes
This store has made special provision to meet the Footwear
requirements of the workingman. See what wc are showing
in our heavy winter calf boots in black or tan, leather-lined
or unlined, bellows tongue, double sole to heel. Soles and
uppers are both waterproofed.
$7.00 to $12.00
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Near Beer
There is no other beverage available that will
refresh and revive like a glass of delicious Peerless
Near-Beer, which is brewed by union workmen, in,
the most modern plant on the Pacific Coast.
For safe at all hotels. Brewed and bottled at the
brewery.     '■''■■' _______
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Canadian Northern Railway
Revolt In Italy Certain
Tho Fill Of Plutocracy.
Editor  B.  0.  Fatofttionht:   Yesterday   I
received tbe following letter:
•'Fairbanks, Alaska, Oct 1, 1917.
"Dear   Friend:    I   am   in   jail   here
charged witb speaking  disrespectfully  of
tbe flag.   Don't worn. 'Please take necessary   steps   re   publicity,       Sentence   13
montbs   and 91,000 -One.    Case  appealed.
This old world It now entering upon the
greatest crisis of human history. Greatest
because universal tnd because the next surge
onward most ltnd ut above capitalism, the
last phase of hnmtn slavery. Victory U
mainly a record of class struggles and similar causes produce similar effects.
In onr struggle upward from the animal
world, so far, we have been ruled mainly
by the more brutal types of man; the human
tigers, Jackals, weasels and cuttlefish. The
claw and fang still dominate the jungles
of civilization while the Christs uf reason
and brotherhood are still crucified for sedition and blasphemy against Mammon.
The flag which Comrade Lestor disrespect
ed represents tbe state and ttae state Ib
but the executive of the world's economic
rulers, the capitalist class. In fact, the politicians htve for the most part been purchased tnd are themselves among the exploiters.
Sir Robert Borden, for instance, In 1913
hid an Income from Canadian bank stock
of $8,000 per, and from official reports, we
letrn that 38 others, members of parliament,
are also shareholders In the banking trust
of "our Canadian democracy." So we find
thtt the flags of the world represent interest
on capital tnd, to the world's rulers, a mil*
lion men crushed In battle, a million children made fatherless, t million mothers tnd
wives mtde destitute, and burdens of debt
tnd toil' for coming generations weigh as
nothing compared with tbe unfolding of their
flag over a few square miles of added territory or additional opportunities for trade.
And this is the class to which we must bow I
Through these ideals, empires have de-'
veloped. Invasion, slaughter, victory and
"benevolent assimilation for God and country," sueh is the process of growth. After
all, the destruction and casualties of peace
are about as grett as those of wtr tnd
tbe grinding up of tender and tougher flesh
and blood into dividends is the sacred process guarded by the forces of state and
church, This is .what our flags today represent tnd this Is why they tre ao sensitive
to insult. It Is rule throught brute force,
not reason.
Mr. Editor, we must remember thtt tret-
son, sedition and patriotism are relative
terms. They depend on what le, in our
opinion, the most preclouB—property or
The thousands of socialists and rebels
against war and military autocracy now in
jail are represented by men like Karl Lei-
bknecht, Bill Haywood; women like Gurney
Flynn and socialists like Balnbrldge and
Lestor, and we who are still at liberty are
indeed traitors to the state which places
property rights above human welfare. The
Bordens, the Hughes, the Roosevelts, the
plutocrats and profiteers of Wall street and
Canada, the lords of Britain tnd the junkers
of Germany and their statesmen, press and
pulpit—all of one class, htve said so tnd
they are right.
We plead guilty of the charge. Our concepts of things material, mental and spiritual are antagonistic to theirs tnd to their
interests ts exploiters and rulers.
We place property tnd dividends, territory tnd trade below human life and happiness. We would use material, mental and
spiritual forces to promote the happiness
and progress of mankind and we believe
that - the producing classes > are in reality
superior mentally and morally to the class
that rules and robs them. Producers are
a'ways superior to parasites.
Mr, Editor, let us understand the present
from the past. The ancient empires, such
as Rome, 'were also built on slaughter, conquest tnd exploitation. In ancient Rome the
patricians, the war lords and profiteers ruled
and their scribes and priesthood and officials tre represented todty by our press,
churches and parliaments, But oppression
breeds revolt; it is the law of life and prog*
ress. Primitive Christianity was t slave revolt. Jesus tnd his followers were trtltors
and blasphemers according to the standard
of Rome. On the other hand the rebel,
Jesus, scourged the temple of priests tnd
traders as a "den of thieves." He and
thousands of his comrades were jailed and
crucified even as We modern traitors are
But who were the real traitors, who were
tht real patriots t Was the Nattrene with
his message ot brotherhood, of peace and industrial democracy, the destroyer tnd the
enemy of Rome or did Rome rot tnd go
down to detth because of the class representing property and militarism, t cuss
which ruthlessly deitroyed human life tnd
Chappiness even as tbelr successors tre de-
slljpying them todty I No; the social gos-
ef of Jesus, htd it been tdopted, would
ave saved the ancient world, and the same
it true today. Economic freedom and cooperation alone can save the modern worid
from detth.
Again, Cromwell, Garibaldi, Paine, were
branded is traitors In their dty. John
Brown wis executed for "treason." Love-
joy and Lincoln and Phillips were "traitors" according to the masters of chtttel
slavery tnd yet the soul of Jesus tnd John
Brown tnd thousands of the martyred comrades "goes marching on" and upward to
victory. We may know a man toiay by bis
enemies as well ts by his friends. The hope
of the world is In the workers, poor tnd
ignorant as they are: they tre still "the
silt of the etrth tnd the light of the world."
And todty they are hearing gladly the message which will In due time enable them to
overthrow the cltss enemies of our rice, and
establish a social order in which peace and
co-operation will prevail
If Peace Is Not Declared
The Boldiers will be out of the
trenches by winter or there will be a
revolution in Italy; the socialists are
in control today, and the government
cannot stop their revolutionary propaganda/1 said Vincenzo Vacirca, a
leader of Italian socialists in thia country, this week to the New York Call.
As a basis for his statement he drew
attention to the numerous outbreaks of
workingmen in Italy that have been
ignored by the capitalist press, ' but
which became known to socialists of
other countries by underground channels.
Eighteen workingmen in Turin were
killed just one month ago while on
Btrike. Sicily, Piedmont nnd Sardinia
have been convulsed by strikes. In
Modica, near Syracuse, in Sicily, where
no socialist activity was known before
this year, the peasant women marched
in a body to the city hall only three
weekB ago, and nine of them were
killed by the carbiniarie, while many
more were arreBted.
There are SOO cities in Italy controlled by socialist mayors and with majorities of socialist councilmen, On a
certain date not far off, every elected
Socialist official will resign as a protest against the war, and the masses
are then expected to riBe in revolt.
This arrangement was made through a
public announcement by Constantino
Lazzari, general secretary of the socialist p^rty of Italy, a veteran of 35
years* service, and the government did
Dominion Bldg., Oct.  17.
Btwtrt of Dominion Portrait Oo.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Beware of the
Dominion Portrait Cft., being a branch of
a non-union firm of Chicago, and turning
out t very cheap portrait and also using
the drawing game. They are also supposed
to give twiy a ptlnting thit they sty Is
worth 910 or more of t scene of some building in England, and tbey pay from 10 to
IS cents to the men that make them. I
will leave It your own judgment as to what
It It worth. This firm is sending agents
to British Columbia to canvass for portraits
tnd we feel lt our duty to notify the union
members of this unfair firm, tnd their
methods of taking orders.   Hoping thtt you
t ' 	
not dare to prevent the letter going
/The government has censored, but has
not had the temerity to suppress, many
of the socialist, syndicalist and anarchist papers in the cOJntry, und the
100 socialist publications have doubled ,
and trebled in circulation as a result
of their anti-militarist agitation,
.Avaiiti, the great daily of 100,000
circulation, the central organ of the
socialist party, despite the terrible pov-
erty of the Italian workingmen and
Jieasants, has .raised a fund of 100,000
ire, by contributions, .many of them,
being aB low as 2, 3 and S-cent contri-
tuitions. Much of it came from the
soldiers at the front.
"Italy will be the first country to
follow Russia," said Vacirca.
Sugar is sold at 69 cents a pound,
and, as the wife of a soldier is only
allowed 15 cents a day to live on, the
poverty and privation of the people
can be imagined.
The priests, Bays the Italian exile,
who at the beginning of the war
blessed the regiments and offered praters for victory, have heeded the warning of the pope and. are now working
for peaco, feeling that the entire population will go with the socialists unless they also join in the movement.
Although the Catholic party is negligible in the national chamber, it retains great strength among tho peasants, and its force for peace is of great
value, he said.
"Not to overthrow the monarchy,
bat to upset capitalism, is the purpose
of the Italian socialists, and they are
planning for a triumph within a few
months," declared Vacirca,
"But, did you take notice of ther teeth?"
HOW often is that remark made—behind your bfok, of course—
if you have defective teethf ,
IT'S a perfectly natural remark when speaking about a person's
appearance, for there is nothing which leaves such a bad impression as the sight bf defective teeth—oil too prominent when
you talk or laugh.
CALL at my office and learj) how perfectly those detects bay be
remedied—those missing teeth restored and you will understand how, at little cost, your countenance may be made as nature
intended—not marred by conditions which cause critical remarks. -
Tu-ysar written manatee
i su dentafworh
Matt   Buds   on
phons appointments
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridfe Spodallit
602 Hutlngi Street West, Cor. Seymour
-Empress Coffee-
is Honest Coffee
We put good coffee-the blond that will make a satisfying and appetising beverage—in every package.
We make the package so thot it will "keep iu" all the coffee
novor nnd aroma until it is used.
If you buy a package of Empress Coffee that don't come np to
these specifications, take it to your grocer's and get your money back!
Empress M'fg Co.
Tbt Home of Pnrt Pood Products
will bring this before tbe members of your,
union and have them notify the members of
their family,
I remain fraternally yours,
Sec. Commercial Portrait
Artists' Union.
.Chicago, III, Oet. 9, 1917.
A Plea for B. 0. Prisoners.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: On behalf of
those Individuals who have the misfortune
to be Incarcerated in the jails of this province, may I take this opportunity of reaching the executive of the Trades and Labor
Council with tbe  following suggestion:
That whilst It may appear Inconsistent
with the policy of organised Labor to deviate from points at issue, would it not ue
in the Interests of Labor to appoint a committeo to approach the minister of justice
with a view of obtaining from him, sanction
to allow a visiting committee from this body,
to monthly or quarterly visit such jails
to Inquire Into any irregularities, complaints
and general conditions and to gather tny
data deemed necessary.
I appeal to Local 617, U. B, of 0„ to
put this to their meeting tt the first opportunity. Likewise to secretaries of any
local interested,. on the ground that an injury to one Is an injury to all. \
Whilst the above action mty not appear
essential. I am of the belief that such sctlon Is imperative.
Indirectly I letrn that at present over
600,000 prisoners are tt present serving
sentences for political offences igalnst the
law In the United States. Among these are
membera of organised Ltbor.
Hence It would even be consistent with
our policies on this side of tbe border to
take such steps as are considered Essential
for the protection of organised Labor.
Officials of til locals should bear in mind
thtt certain business conected with strikes
may in the near future assume t more serious aspect.
From dty to dty internttlontl press news
tetches us thtt t vast change Is taking
place ln the Labor situation, and increased
wages tnd the phenomenal raise In the price
of commodities portends to perpetuate continuous   strikes tnd  political strife,  which
nUfcM    (ha    an.OBllnil     ",ln„.1u    "
plates  tbe  so-called
thankless position.
In no tone of hysteria do I call on the
central labor body executive, but simply
with the facts confronting it, compelling action along such lines as will protect its very
existence. .
The Defence of the Realms act hts powers J
not to be found In tny other statute passed
in Canada, covering all points, and with a
scope  covering all emergencies.
8,  H.  COOKE.
17 Hastings  St. West, Oct.  16, 1917.
Mr. Barker's Point of View.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The action
of Labor recently, as seen through those
supposed to represent It, at conventions, congresses and central bodies, has been of more
than usual Ipterest lately, As a trades
unionist who .endeavors to take an intelligent interest in the doings of such gatherings, would It be asking,too much to be allowed to comment thereon!
If allowed, I would flrst of all congratulate the Trades and Ltbor Council upon1 its
receiving tnd accepting the resignation of
Hr. Kavanagh as Its president. I venture
to assert that If the delegates had truly
represented the rank tnd file of Labor, Mr,
Kavanagh would never have been elected to
the position, as his Ideas are out of harmony with those of organised Labor. As
official Aead of the 8. P. of Canada, he
might bv all right, but as president of the
Trades  and Labor Council,   he  was-out of
Bltce. In many ways he it* to be admired.
[e seems to say what %e thinks tnd whtt
he believes tnd you know Just when he will
be In tnd when he will he out, tnd thtt
Is something to one's credit these dtyi. I
wish I could say the aame of all Ltbor
leaders In Vtncouver. ,
As to the re-election of Mr. MeVtty, I
wish I could congrttultte there, but I can't,
ta I believe t more prolonged rest from the
duties of president would nave done neither
him or organised Labor any harm; it would
at least htve given mother the chance of
becoming acquainted- with the duties of
president, so that if anything should happen
Food Sharks Are Illegally
******     ******     ******     ******
Manipulating Egg Market
One of the daily papers the other
day'"predicted" another rise in the
price of egge. Eggs would not go up
in' price if the so-called food controller for the country would make some
effort to actually "control" prices.
Commissioner O 'Connor, appointed
under Food "Controller" Hanna, recently Btartled the nation by the publication of figures showing how much
food was piled up in cold storages and
warehouses by food sharks. In this
report it was shown that tons are in
cold storage in Vancouver and thereby
it is made possible to manipulate prices
for the benefit of the bank accounts
of the food gamblers. f
This report showed there were 837,-
370 dozens of eggs stored here. These
eggs, placed on the market now when
the hens are laying off, would keep
the price at a reasonable figure,'' But
tbe unpatriotic food gamblers would
not reap u rich proflt. Therefore .Hanna
and. Lib crowd of eastern proflteors do
nothing in the way of "controlling"
JuBt how long Hanna will permit
such conditions to exist is a question,
fat it is not expected he will raise a
finger to benefit the public by placing
a limited price on necessaries of life,
and thus interfere with the food
Eggs keep a long while in cold storage, and it would not be surprising if
the price in Vancouver is run up clone
to a dollar a dozen. Oh, yes, thc eggs
will keep all right, and the sharks will
keep them. In Japan they have a way
of keeping eggs a hundred' years, and,
as a matter of fact, eggs one hundred
years old are considered a great luxury
by the Oriental epicure.
If the Vancouver food sharks ever
discover this ' way of preserving the
labors of the fruitful hen, who knows
we may yet be eating sonie of last
year's eggs many years hencef
However, Japan eggs a hundred years
old are no higher in price than the
Vancouver cola storage article.
to Mr, McVety—and something happens to
ub all some time or another—the Trades and
Labor Council would htve someone toj fall
back upon to fill the gap.
At present I think they are to be condoled with, lu apptrently htving no alternative to Mr. McVety or Mr. Kavanagh, tnd
mty I suggest to Mr. McVety that abnegation on hie part for a brief period, at least,
would have looked well !*
About yourself, Mr. Editor, I really
thought that the election and resignation
of a president of the Trades and Labor
Council, under such circumstances, would
have called for editorial comment and perhaps most of your readers expected it; but
then you may Btlll be going to deal with
that question, or can It be, that The Fed-
erationlBt is not the fearless paper that some
htve been led to believe that It Ib t
Then there Ib' the B. C. Federation of
Labor and Its "down tools" chatter. Did
they ever mean anything I If they did 1
trust the wty things have shaped themselves
will be-a lesson to them another time, and
if they did not mean anything by their chatter, then it seems to me that the true interests of organised Labor would have been
better served if they had chattered. Jess
about "down tools."
The same applies to The Federatlonist.
I think It must now be dawning upon the
most foolish of the "down tools" babblers,
that there will be no "down tools" policy,
Trades and Labor Council resolution notwithstanding, for the Dimple reason that
those most concerned do not want to and
would not lay down their toola at the behest of either the Trades and Labor Council
or the" B. C. Federation of Labor at the
present Juncture.
Now we are going to htve political action
and such action at the right time, the right
(lace and with the right candidates, would
e all right. But is It not significant that
the three standard-bearers for Labor on this
occasion are three vice-presidents of the
B. C. F. of L., the body wblch hts been
indulging In so much silly ttlk tbout "down
tools, t policy which nevor bad the slightest chance of being put into force and
which, If It had, could only bave ended In
failure tnd disaster to organised Labor.
The political campaign will cost money
and Labor will pay for it. Let us hope thtt
the lesson Labor seems likely to get will be
worth tbe money expended. Personally, I
venture the opinion that tbe sun Is just
about as likely to rise fn tbe west the morning after election, than that either of the
Vancouver Labor candldatea will be elected
at this lime.
In closing, permit me to suggest thtt the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada—notwithstanding your severe criticism—in passing the resolution which it did concerning
conscription, more truly expresses the sentiments of the rank and file of Labor In the
west than does The Fed, If that is not so
we may expect the Labor candidates to poll
a large vote, if not elected. We shall soon
Mr. Editor, I have told you how things
appear to me. I believe the rank and file
of Labor In the west-have been badly misrepresented of Itte, by delegates to central
bodies and conventions. BeJJfcvelng so, I
think I tm entitled to ask you to publish
this letter as my protest agalnit such misrepresentation,
522 Eighth avenue eaut, Oct. 17,
Same ODtr Here, Brother!
When one sizes up the excessive
prices for shoes on the one hnnd, and, Ib
informed on the other hand that tho
Centrnl Leather Co., a pretty close combine, increased itB profits of $3,500,000
for the three years before tho war to
$15,500,000 in 1010,-one may be able to
reason from cause to effect and guess
why people are being patriotically but
nevertheless effectively plundered by
the slacking profiteers wbo stalk behind
the battle Tines like so many ghouls.—
Cleveland Citizen.
"We cannot surrender that democracy we have inherited after so great
a struggle," says Mr. John Spargo.
Heart heart say we, most lustily and
noisily withal. We cannot surrender
that which we never had. And besides
tbat we have already surrendered it.
And still further, the democracy we
have -ulreudy surrendered never belonged to us anyhow. It Is capitalist
democracy; the democracy of the capitalist class. That class still possesses
it and is so determined to hang on to
it that it has set us all busy fighting
in order to see that no brutal autocracy destroys it. Surrender nothing!
We never had anything else to surrender and by the eternal we will hang
on to tbat though the heavens fall.
Having surrendered it once, tbat Is
enough.   .
i: SNUFF "f
It \i manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use,
This Official Lis? of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAOLKY * BOMB, lit Haitian Stmt ,
BLOOHBEEOER, I1. B*. Ill Broadway lut	
BBAK» * PEB4Y, 030 Peaeer Strait Wist 	
1). O. PBINTINO * LITHO. CO., Smjtie snd Homer	
CLARKE A BTOABT, ISO Sermour Stmt  	
COWAN a BBOOKBOOSB, Ubor T.mpl. Balldinf	
EVANS * HASTINOS. Alts ud Orafla Bldf, Seymoar St..
JEFFERV, W. A„ Sill Pukir Stmt	
KERSHAW. J. A,, 511 How. Bt	
LATTA, B _. Ill Oor. At.	
MuLEAN t SHOEMAKER, Nortb Veneonm	
NEWS-ADVERTISER. 117 Pendor St Seymoar tl
NORTH SHORE PBES9, Nottk Vaneonnr N Vu. 10
PACIFIC PRINTERS. World Baildlaf Sermonr 1501
BOEDDE. O. A. tit Honor Stnet Senear SM
SCANDINAVIAN POBUSHINO CO. >1T Citable Si Stynioar    -
SUN JOB PRESSES, 711 Sermonr Street	
THI STANDARD, Holler Strut 	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beetty Street	
TIMMS, A. H„ 110 Poarteeath An. l"	
WARD, ELLWOOD * POUND, 818 Homer Street.
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, 111 Daumalr St....
WHITE * BINDON, ill Pender WM
. ,. IU
Felmoal SOS
.Seymoar S67I
.Seymonr ISIS
....Sejmonr I
.Sermonr USO
• Sermonr not
.Seymoar 5010
Highland 1117
.B.»monr 1574
.Seymonr 1080
Fairmont 1011
.N. Van. 51
leymoar 8554
 Seymonr 470
....Seymonr 1185
....Seymou S5I0
.. .Palmoat OUR
....Seymonr 1515
....Seymoar 1511
Seymoar 1S14
Wilta "Union Label" oa Taw Oopy atat 'tea Basis »'»e tta Printer
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
(Brunswick-Balks Collender Co.)
42 Hastings St., East
The Telephone Directory is the
standard book of reference because
its Information is always up-to-date
and reliable. In each Issue ef the
directory over 7,000 corrections are
made; oj over 21,000 In one year.
The classified section contains every
business firm In Greater Vancouver.
Being tbe standard book of reference, no other publication presents
such advantages to the advertiser.
With a circulation alwaya In ths
home and In every office, there Is
no  better advertising medium.
Later Tomplo Fiass    Bay. MM
Opposite Labor Temple
—Headquarters for Labor Men-
Rates—75c and 91.00 per day.
92.50 per week and up.
Oafs at BsMonaDis Bttss
Tht Juris Eltctric Co., LU.
670 Bldtuudi Stmt
J.  PHILLIPS ft OO., Agents
Phons 9118 jaw HtmUtsi
COAL mining rights of ths Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberts, ths
Yukon Territory, ths North-West Territories
and ln a portion of ths Province of British
Columbia, may bs leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a furthor term
of 31 years at an annual rental of ll an
acre. Not moro than 3,600 acres will bs
leased to ons applicant.
Application for a leaso mnst bs made by
ths applicant in person to ths Agsnt or Bub*
Agent of the dlstriot In whieh ths rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must bo described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and In uniurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall bs staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 95 whloh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall bs paid on tbe
merchantable output of the mine at ths rate
of five centa per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for ths full quantity of merchantable ooal
mined and pay tbo royalty thereon If tbo
eoal mining rights are not being operated,
sueh returns should bs furnished at least
BOOTS   AND   SHOES    mado    to
measure at ordinary prices.   Only best
leather used.   Family .work a specialty.
Boots and Shoes also repaired.
Phono Soymonr 4319
Powell Bl-nr sad Viscount
Ask tor this Ubel whoa pantostat Bear,
fie ar Porter, aa a manatee ttat II S Unloa
le. Tala ie aar Label
Refined Service
One Blook west of Court Home.
0io of Modern Chapel nad
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymoar MBS
.    Limited
photo enobavbbs - coioreaoiAL
Phone Sermonr 7100
Third  Floor,   World  Bolldlni
—The only Union 8hop In Vaneoaver—
oaoe a y<
...—  ealy, reseladod by  	
dearie.V. aueatedla 13th.Jane, 1014,
feaee will  laclaee the  eoal stialai
-       if. af tl
for fall iDforaetioa appllutlea eaoald he
made to the Seeretary af the Department ef
the Interior, Ottawa, or to aay Ajaat er Bah*
Asent of Domialea Leads.
W. W. WBT.
Depaty Iflaleter of laterlor.
M.  B.—Uaaathorlied psblleatlea of this
advertisement Will aot he pall lor.—18675. aaaaaaaaaawmaaamaaam
PBIDAT. October 19, 1917
Arnold & Quigley
Your great opportunity to save money on your
season's supply of wearing appearel—take
1 advantage of it
Remarkable Efficiency and
Economy of Up-to-Date
Slaughter Methods
Doors Open 9 a.m. Tomorrow
Arnold & Quigley
Is the Milk supplied to your home Real Milk?
—If it li not call up tho
Ot drop a card to oar offico, 90S Twenty-fourth avenuo eait,.
The Glorious Culmination
of Ten Thousand Years
of Human Slavery .
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W, Sept. 16.—It is
now three years since the cannons of
the belligerent nations spat thoir defiance at each other across the frontiers
—three years since Armageddon.began
in deadly earnost. The cost has been
staggering—both in money and in life.
The cost of tke war In actual cash to
the various -belligerents may be Bet
down as follOTrs:
Allied Powors,
Great Britain  £4,800,000,000
Dominions     500,000,000
France     3,000,000,000
Bussia      8,400,000,000
Italy       1,170,000,000
Belgium      120,000,000
Servio      86,000,000
Boumanin        90,000,000
United States      286,000,000
Others       60,000,000
Total '.  £12,500,000,00
Enomy Powers.
Germany _% .£3,860,000,000
Austria   1,360,000,000
Turkey       176,000,000
Bulgaria      125,000,000
soldiers would havo ereated in three
years had thoy not been fighting.
The loss to the world in these matters is greater than the entire cost of
the war. '
And, lait but not least, we have not
taken toll of the damage to humanity
—the heartbreak of widows, of mothers
and of orphans; the pitiful cries of
millions of mothers whose babes have
been starved; the sob of millions hiore
whose husbands and (ons have been
buried neath Mother Earth; or the
wailing of countless children who cry
in vain for their "daddies." These
agonies cannot be reduced to a cash
A booklet'which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slav ny'
Hm vi   ai   vrvAot «•»
The merit ind teal worth of
this publication is shown bf the
fact that since it wat issued on
November, 1910, orders for thousands of copies have been received from all parts of the world
and additional orders are coming
ln by erery mall.
In a* clear-cut and concise style
this booklet goea thoroughly into
the question of the economic position of capitalist aoclety and the
position of the working classes In
relation to lt.
The troublesome phased of the
relations between the capitalist
and the worker are dealt with In
a manner which solves in plain
and forcefnl logie many points on
which the worker of today is often
"at sea" when me-»*'»» ■»•#
sea''   when   meeting   argu-
—tha  notad  writer on wag* werkara'
{irobtaBU who Ua given tha last word an
hia lublact In "Tm Otnsals ud Brahi-
Paekagai of 100 copUi or
moro, 6 cents por copy (carriage paid).
Single copies, or ia any number up tt 100 copies, 10 cants
oach (postpaid).
tton of Slavery.'
Many labor organisations aro now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of'
this booklet, their first orders having been readily diipoaea of by sale or die-
trlbutlon.   Theae advices state that tha booklet la eagerly sought and read with  *
keen Interest br their membera.
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
B. FASH. PBTtiraoB. Hsasier
The Sign
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Ten or more membera of any trades union in Canada mar
havo THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rato of f 1 per year.
Baby will need outing* all through winter
as well ae outings on warm summer days.
Bnt for his winter outings he will need
proper protection. Come horo, and huy baby
a safe, reliable car that is not draughty and
leaking—a clean, sanitary car that will ensure his perfect health.
We have the most sensible models of winter baby cars—new English styles that are
made specially for comfort and convenience
and service. Our prices are most reasonable—write for our catalogue—or call and
Shaw's Baby Cars
to. s. anttr a oo.)
MM BOBION   —   Opp. Court Hooje
Total  £5,500,000,000
Making a grand total of Eighteen
Billion, Pounds Sterling. And it is being continued at a daily coat of £26,-
000,000, or three hundred pounds per
second—a sum that is well beyond the
comprehension of the human brain.
The cost to humanity has been 6,000,-
000 killed outright, with a further 10,-
000,000 maimed in some form or other
—making in all a total of 25,000,000
men. This is the actual Iobb in war,
and does not take into account the
losses sustained othor than on the military fiold.
How much is eighteen billions of
money? Unless the sum is visualized
it is almost impossible for the human
mind to conceive,
If the combined debts of all thc
world's nations at the outbreak of war
were turned into actual gold and gathered into one vast pile; if to. thnt pile
were added every gold and silver coin
of the world'a currency; if still again
were added the actual vnlue in gold
of the imports into the United King'
dom and the exports from that country
for the year 1914—the aggregate value
of this collective worth would atill be
£6,500,000,000 short of the coat of the
If, in addition to the above huge
sums, the world was girdled with a
ring of sovereigns laid edge to edge,
and evory man, woman, and child in
the world (be they white, black; brown,
red, or any other skin-color) were
given five half sovereigns apiece as
spare cash, it would make a Bum equal
to the cost of three years of war in
actual cash.
If we had enough shillings in tho
world to represent tfce cost of the war,
and they could bo laid edge to edge
and they were laid In onc unbroken
line—thnt line of silver would reach
from the earth to the sun. Were a
man to walk along this silver trackway
at the, rate of four miles an hour, hour
aftor hour, day after day, year in and
year out—nevor ceasing—-it would take
him (provided he could live that long)
over 2,600 years before he would reach
the last shilling—and he would havo
been walking along shilling every foot
of the way.
Eighteen billions of money would
pay the entire pre-war debt of ovory
nation in the world twice over, and
would leave a sovereign to be donated
to evory inhabitant in the wide world;
would be seven times greater than the
entire world's supply of minted gold
nnd silver; would build 250 Panama
Canal projects, and leave onough over
to build half u dozen transcontinental
railroads across Canada; or would ex*
tend railroads and steamship lines to
every known corner of the globe.
Bo enormous is tho eost of tho present war that, if every nation in the
world was called 'upon to pool their
wealth in actual currency to pay the
bill—they could only pay 2a. ll^d. in
the pound sterling.
If the entire population of Australia
and Now Zealand was' completely
wiped out, it would not equal tho loss
in actual dead sustained in threo yoars
of war. Were the corpses of the war's
ii-tims luid head to foot it would pro-
ide an unbrokon line over 7,000 miles
If the entire population of Australin,
New Zealand. Canada, Ireland, and
Scotland were maimed nnd broken
they would nbout eq.ml thc loss in
wounded and sick of threo years of
war. Wore thoy to pans n givon post
on their crtitcheB ut the rate of two a
minute without ceasing, hour after
hour, day after dny year after year,
they would tuko nearly nineteen years
to pass. Were thoir bodies laid out
in single file, hend to foot, it would
give us an unbroken line of human
wreckage reaching from Australia to
England, thence to New Tork, acros»
the United States to San Francisco,
with a tail-end reaching as far as
the Hawaiian Inlands.
If the combined bodies of the dead
and wounded wore luid head to foot
we could form with their bodies a
human bracelet around thc entire
world, with enough bodies loft over
to lino evory foot <>f the Canadian
Pnciflc railroad from Vancouver to
But we hnve suid nothing of thc
losses, other than netunl money aiyl
lives on tho battlefield—the losses of
non-belligerent nations, of hunger, dis-
cuflo, increased infantile mortality, and
other incidentals to ihe wnr. Wc have
not dealt with tbe outright 'destruction of property, cities, ships, railroads,
shops, factories, warehouses,' bridges,
industry, agriculture, and so on. Nothing has been said about the loss of pro*
duetion, decrease in foodstocks, metals
nnd other materials, derangement of
the machinery of distribution, and
trade. Neither have we computed the
dead loss of property whloh 25,000,000
Pete IQinch'e Separation.
Judge Jones, strolled  down   Hyack
Canyon,   and   accidentally went  into'
Hank James' tavern last night. "Anything new down your way, judge!"
queried Hank,   "Yes, you hcer'd about
old Pete. Klinch awhile ago, wantin'
a separation from his wife—all over a
difference of opinion about a bone dry
town.   You know the ease, Hank, don't
yer!"   "Yes, yes."   "I thought so,"-
continued the judge.   "Well, you see,
on my way down the road, I had a most
sorrowful and calamitous experience."
"By the horn-spoon,    judge,   you're
awfully shaken up—have   a   drink—
what's th' matter!"   "I'll tell you,
Hank, soon'a I get this down—I met
Pete near Bogi Green's bunkhouse—you
know where it is!"   "Of course I do
—but what was it!"   "Just this.   I
was hurrying along as fast as I eould,
when I ran slam bang into Bete and
knocked him into—you see I'm all wet
and kiner cold, but don't mind that."
"No,   no.    Forget   it—come to   the
point."    "I win, if you'll have patience.   I was about to ask him how
his wife—you ought to Have seen Pete
gaze at me when I mentioned his wife.
You know Pete's odd ways!"   "Sure
I do—go on, Judge."   "I thought you
knew Pet* alright."   "What in h—1
does that matter!   We both know he's
an. old fool."    "You're right there,
Hank.   As I said before, I was hur-
ryin' along aB fast aB I could, when I
knocked him over into the old well
alongside of the road which wa$ full
to the brim after the rain and poor
Pete went to the bottom."     "Great
heavens,   Judge,   you don't mean to
say he was drowned!"   "No, Hank,
I pulled him oat when he came up for
the fust time."     "Why didn't you
say that before!"     "Just    because
you'ro too darn anticipate'. But that's
not   the   pint   in   this   story,   Hank.
'Tis and, Hank, to relate—"    "Have
another   lotion,   Judge—(Judge takes
another four fingers)—then what was
it!"   "Pete met bis old friend,  Col.
O 'Leary, here this   morning,    didn't
he!"   '(That'a ao."    "Then what'd
he propose to Pete!"   "The Colonel
wanted Pete to start for France with
'im tonight—but I took no notice of
that there yarn."   "Well, Hank, was
on the way there when I knocked him
in the well."   "Who'd thought it!"
"Yop, ho wanted separation and was
bo darn stubborn he wouldn't see his
wife afore he went.     However,    he
wrote her a letter thusly: 'Dear Mag:
I'm off to France.  Yours truly.' She
wrote, 'Dear Pete: Von voyage.' See,
she wrote the shortest letter-r-and you
know what that means.   She'll tell it
all over how Pete    wants   her back
again.'"   "Well, well," said Hank.
"Let's drink to Pete's health and separation allowance."   Then tbey both
swilled more booze.
The Lyall Shipbuilding' Company has
been able to write off the entire cost
of its special plant for the manufacture of munitions in the last two years
and, besides this, declare an eight per
cent, dividend. A display of manna
falling down from heaven, aa it is reported to have once upon a time fallen
upon the wandering Jews in the wilderness, would nor command passing notice
in those glorious days of war for democracy and the rights of weak nations against the strong.
A Hm Citi Bfm Ir On Wke 1st It
In tha sprint of INS I wai attacked bv
Muscular and inflammatory Rheumatism, I
■uttered aa only thoee wbo havs It know, for
over tbrea years. 1 tried remedy after
remedy, aad doctor after doctor, but mch
, relief ea I   reoelved wai only temporary.
i-Finally, I found ft remedy tbat cured ma
completely, and It hai never returned. I
have Uven lt toft number who wan terribly
afflicted and ave* bedridden with Bhcoma-
ttim, and II effected ft our* la every caae.
I want every sufferer from aay form of
rheumatic trouble to try thli marvelous beating power. Don't send • centi limply mall
your name aad addreu and I will aand It
free to try. After yon ban uaed tt and
» h" —— tteelf to be that long-looked-for
— perfectly eattifled ».ouu ■* »■»* mm*
fair? Why auBer any looser wben positive
relief ti thai offered yea mar Don't delay
Write today.
Hark H, Jackson. Ho. MfDOuroey Bldf.,
Mr, Jaokeon la responsible."   ' Above state-
mast true —Pub. _
It's always tho part of wisdom
to give a little thought to tho
Boy's School Shoes, We mention it bceuuse the "House of
Leckie" turns out a splendid
wcuring, medium-weight shoo
that'll delight him.
—Or, for his ordinary stroet
wear—for the lad's tstrenuous
clumhering ahout during the
holiday*, lit him out with a pair
of "I.cckio" hnrd wearing trim-
ly-built -street shoes for boys.
Tho. whole family'11 appreciate
them quite as Wjch as the boy.
Uke everything made by
"Locklo," thcy'ro made right.
Alltod Prjattal Tradts Coiiaeil—B. H. Neelands, Box 60.
Barbers—8. H. Grant, 1301 Seventh aruuu
Bart.nd.rs—W. H. Smith. Box 424
Blacksmith.—Malcolm  Porter,   View   Hill,
Bookbinders—tfT. H. Cowderoy, 1885 TUrtr-
foarth avenne <aet. '
Boilermakers--A. Fraier, list Howe street
Boot and Shoe Worken-TM*-££,    IM
fempleton drlTe. "
B'T!2F J*—*"—*• E- -iamelt. Suite 1,
1738 Fonrth avenne weit. t *
BrlckLvere—William    8.    D.gull,    Labor
Brotherhood ot Carpenter, Dlitrlet Oooaeil—
8. H. Pate, Boom 208, Ubor Tempi!.
Brotherhood ol! locomotive Enilneere—L. T.
Bollowar, 1167 Harwood itreet. Sermonr
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Entinemen—H. O. Sange, 1285 Hornby
Brotherhood of Hallway Carmen—
Brotherhood of Halatenaaee.of.War Employees—I. Corado, 219 dark drln.
Batch***-, and Heat Oatlera—Alw. Morriion,
82 Eleventh aveane west.
Cltarmakors—B. Cralt, cars Van Loo Oinr
Factory, Georgia atreet. *
Ollr Firemen's Onion—Syd. Jackson, Ho. 1
Fin Hall, Seymoar atnet.
Civic Employees—O. Hsrrlion, 1815 Woodland drive.
Civic Employees,. North Vucoaver—O T.
Jenkia, 151 Sixth stnet weit, North Vaa-
Room 109, Labor Temple. ^^
D^,%7%nl^..D""-BM"a *~.
■mftflrftS1 "• ——• ■"■
■.nijneers   (Steam aal Openting*)—W. a.
Alexander, Labor Tempi,
Graaite Oilten—Edward Harry.
Hotel. "
°*™.at Worken—Ada Hawkiwortb,
Hod Carrlen aad Baildlaf Laboren*  _^^^^^^^^^_^_.
UiS.1",,• *"*"*"• 4" *"'« »-  «"«■«« COtNOIL-MEETS
Motormen, Conductors, Automobile
Drivers, Shipbuilders, Machinists
Want These Warm Wool Coat Sweaters—Best
, Values in the City
FOB 110X—High-grade pure wool eoat, jumbo stitch, perfect knitting,
heavy weight.
FOB 17.76—A similar eoat, knitted to the actual outline of the body;
jumbo stitch, elaatic knit, medium heavy weight, shawl collar.
FOB KM—A lightweight pure wool eoat, elastic knit, smart-looking,
with shawl collar.
FOB $6.50—A heavy weight pure worsted coat in jumbo stitch; an excellent eoat for mechanics, motormen and conductors; will give splendid satisfaction.
FOB 13.96—Choice of four different coats at this priee. All made of
good worated yarns and ranging from a comparatively light weight
to medium heavy.
FOB W.M—Penman's' heavy worsted coat with shawl eollar; a coat
designed for hard wear; in brown and mole.
FOB W.00—A good heavy weight wonted eoat, designed for men who
give a eoat hard wear; in grey, oxford ud dark heather.
NOTE: In the above details, where colon are not stated, they consist
of khaki, giev, fawn, maroon, Oxford and brown," all of whieh are dependable. Full range of sites in aU coata listed here.
nne eaat.
Utter Carrlen—JUbt. Wight,    ITT Sam-
teeath avenue vaat.
Longshoremen—F, Chapman,    104    Pender
atreet vaat.
Longshoremen'a  Auxiliary,    Ho.  •••M—I.
Winch, 1318 Hove atlWt.
Machinists—J. Brooks,   Boom Sll.   Labor
Machinists, No. 7T7—W. Street,   13 Fraatr
block. North Vancouver.
Machinists,  No.   730   (Geregemcn)—H.  B
Trail, 740 Gilford atnet.
Muilciana—E, J. Jamieaon, Boom 80S, Labor
Molders—G. F. Nichols,    131 Sixth avenue
Moving Picture  Operaton—A. O. Hamas,
P. 0. Box 845.
Order of   Railroad Conductors—<*.   Batch,
761 Beatty atreet.
Painters—D. Lemon,     Boom 808,     Labor
Plumbers—J.   Have,   Room   200Ji,     Labor
Temple,    Phone Sey. 8011.
Pile  Drivers  and  Wooden  Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    P.O, Box 1830.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1107 Georgia St.
Press Assistants—
Plasterers—Geo. Buah, 3370 Fourteenth avonue vest.   Phone Bay. 3315L.
Pattern Makers (Vancouver)—E. Westmoreland, 8847 Point Grey road.
Railway Mai) Clerks.
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 10T8
1 Melville atreet.
Seamen'a Union—W. S. Buna,    P.O. Box
Structural   Iron   Workera—Roy   Massecar,
Boom 308, Labor Temple.
Stonecutters—Alex.  Duff,  Box  104T.
Sheet Metal Workers-
Shipwrights and Caulkers—Room 313, Labor
Colnmbl* __«-—«^_—_. f
ra—Labor I                                                              I '    ■
•nth ava-   TBADES AND LABOR mmimr—-****»* ■-'  -   	
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W, Hardy
Twenty-third   atnet  waat" «-™''
 „   445
....    North Vancouver, '
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chas. Fane,
06 Powell stnet.
Street Railway Employees—A. T, Lofting,
3681 Trinity atnet.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, c|o Dally Provinoe.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Teamsten and Chauffeurs, No, 056*—B.
Showier, 1070 Bobaon atnet. .
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
P.O. Box 711.
Tllelayen and Belpen—A. Jamleson, NO
Twenty-third avenne east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 310, Labor Templo.
Typographical Union—H. Neelanda, Bot 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Oranvllle Street j
610 Hastings Stmt Wait
flnt and third Tbundaya. Executive
board: Pnaldent, Jaa. H. McVety; vice-
praaldant ,■ J. Hubble; general seeretary,
Victor R. Mldgley; treaaurer, Prod Knowlta;
sergeant-at-arms, Geo. Harrison; truateee,
J. H. MeVety, O. J. Kelly, A. McDonald.
A. J. Crawford.
Meets aacond Monday In Ihe month. Praaldant,  Geo. Bartley; secrotary, B, H.  Nee-
lands, P.O. Box 00. '
flnt Sanday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, John Martin; flnanclal aeeretary,
J. Smith, 610 Holden Bldg., Box 434, Phone
Sey. 3673; ncording secretary, Wm. Motti-
sfaaw, P.O. Box 434, Vancouver, B. C.
in annual convention In January.   Exeea-
„.    ,,   .— .Ufa offleen, 1017-18: Praaldant, J. Barter,
general secretary, Box 416, Cumberland; vlee-pnaldenta—Vaa-
— "—' "—' " oouver: Ju. H. McVety, T. B. Mldgley,
Labor Temple. Victoria: J. Taylor,, Box
11816. Vaneouvar Ialand: W. Road, South
Wellington. Prince Bupert: W. B. Thompson, Box 094, Nov WootmlMter: W. Tates,
•00 London straet- Kootenay District: A.
Goodwin, Box 80, Trail. Crows Noat Valley: W. B. Phillips, 176 McPhenon avenue.
Soentary-tnaaunr; A, 8. Wells, Box 1686,
Victoria, B. C.
tional Union of America, Local No. 130—
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays In the
month, Room 305, Labor Temple. Pnaldent,
L. E. Herrltt; secreUry, S. H. Grant, 1071
Alberni street.
Meets second and fourth Wednesdays, 6
r.m;, Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
68; flnanclal secretary. W. J. Pipes.
No. 017—Meets every flnt and third
Monday evening, 6 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley; flnanclal aeeretary,
G. Thom; recording aeeretary. G. H, Hardy,
Boom 308, Labor Temple, Phono Soy. 7405.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flnt and third
Wednesdays of each month, Boom 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenne west.
and Iron Ship Bnllden and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meata
every Monday, 8 p.m. Pnaldent, A. Campbell, 330 Second street; secretary-treasunr,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe stnet; business
agent, J. H. Carmlohael, Roomi 313, Labor
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every. Monday, 7:80 p.m.. Labor
Temple. President, D, Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 316, Labor Temple*
Phone Sey, 7485
Hemstitching, buttons covered, scallop-
ping, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering,  picot edging, pleating, roenlhg, embroidery, hemming, -
668 OranvlUa St. 1310 Douglas Si
Phona Say. 3101 Phona 1160
It the Natural rood
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert,  saya:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the fact that it is a complete food."
When you drink a glass of
milk, costing 2%e, you fortify
your body with as much energy
and nutriment as you would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chieken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend Less.
I . I
Pacific—Moeta evtry Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
437 Gore avenue.   Russell Kearley, business
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1163 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
flnanolal secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Boom 307 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8863—OBce and ball, 804
Ponder atnet east. Meeta ovary Thursday.
6 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly. —
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquartera, 480 Howe atnet.
Meets flnt and third Wedneaday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President.
Wm. Small; neordlng secretary, J. Brooks;
flnanclal secretary, J, H. MeVety, Room 311
Labor Templo,   Soymonr 7406.
tors' Union, Local 846, I. A. T. 8. E.
ft M, P. M. 0— Meets flnt Sunday of each
month, Room 304, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
flnanclal and corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 845.
Council—Meets flnt and third Wednesdays. Labor Hall, 1434 Government stnet,
at 8 p.m. Pnaldent, E. Christopher, Boi
887; vice-president, Christian Slverti, 1378
Denman atnet; seeretsry, B. Simmons, Boi
303. Victoria, B..O,
B. O.
of America, Local 784, Now Westminster.
Meets second Sanday of each month at l :30
p.m.    Secretary, F- W. Jameson, Bog 490.
Connell—Meets second and fourth Taos-
daya of each month, in Carpenten' hall.
Pnaldent, S. D. Macdonald; eeentary, J. J,
Andenon, Box 378, Prince Bupert, B. C.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 878, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets aecond and fourth Sundays of each
month, at 8:30 p.m., Rleharda Hall. Pnaldent, Walter Head; vice-president, A. West-
ley; neordlng soontary, Jaa. Bateman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Macdonald; tnaaur-
J. H. Richardson.
Jolnera, Local No. .888—Moota la Minora'
Hall, ovary Wednesday,  7:30  p.m.    President,  -*_ ;   secntary;    Jamea Graham,
Bo» 8., Trail, B. C.   .
TAKE NOTICE that Tho North Short Seal
Estate Company, Limited, Intenda to apply
to the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies,
one month after data, to approve lta change
of name to Patton A Company, Limited.
Vancouver, B. C, September 26tb, 1917.
Solicitors /oi tho Company.
Should be in the home of
•very mania xr or Yoraa?
—Phont Pflirmout 2624—
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets aecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. Pnaldent, Ray
MeDougall, 1038 Orant street; financial aeeretary. J. Lyons, 1548 Venablea street;
recording seeretary. E. Westmoreland. 3347
Point Grey road.    Pbone Bayvlew 2970L.
No. 188—Meeta second and fourth Thura-
days of each montb, Room 808, Labor
Temple. President, H, Pink; vice-president.
D. Hughoii; financial secretary, G. H. Weston; ncording secretary, D. Lemon, Room
303.  Labor Temple.
Meeta In Labor Temple every flrst and
third Tuesdays, 8:15 p.m. President. Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1073 Melville
street.    Phone Sey.  6846B
—Meets second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. President, C.
Scams; recording seeretsry; W. Hardy, 446
Twenty-third street west. North Vancouver;
financial  secretary, S. PnelpH.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No.  loi—Meets
Labor  Temple,    *  ~	
days at 8 p.m
president,  K. 8
second and fourth Wednes'
President, J. Hubble; vlce-
 , ,.. _. Cleveland; recording aeeretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street.
Phone High. 16BR; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, offlce corner  Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larson; recording secretary, W. W. Hocken.
Box 608; financial secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 603.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Htfttifi Stratt Waat
feurs' Union, Local No, 655—Meets every
Wednesday st 8 p.m. Preiiident. J. If.
McVety; buttinoss agent, J. P. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenuo east, Phone Pair. 715R;
financial secretary, Bert Showier. 1076 Hobson street, Phone Sey. 6670, Office, Room
206%. Labor Temple,	
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
p.m.. President, W, H. Armstrong; vice-
president, R. G. Marshall; secret ar)-treasurer,
R. H, Neelands, P.O. Box 00.
Efory Union Han Who Virfts
tht Labor Tomple
Should patronUo tho
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
DMlTtnd to ud from All Trains,
Botts,   Hotels   and
Piano Moving
In Padded Vans by Experts
—Phone Os Day or Night-
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sej. 404, 405.  OTTION STATION
Jingle Pot Coal
Greatest for Heat—Lasts Longer
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fall. 1800. 16» MAIN ST. PAGE EIGHT
FBIDAT.. October 19, 191
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
High-grade Dental services at
prices you can afford to pay
Seymour 3314
Evenings by
[By Eev. Charles Steele]
Bill thought that he wasn't appreciated. He was perfectly honest about
it. He hadn't the "big head." He
did not imagine that he was a wonderful genius who would turn the world
upside down'if he were given half a
chance, but he did feel that there were
eome.things in him for whioh he was
not receiving credit.
Bill was a gang-boss iu a big machine
shop.   He had working with him, half
The Federatlonist la on aale In
Vancouver at the following news
184 Hastings Street Eaat
Foot Graandlle Street
Corner Haatinga and Colombia
422 Richards Street
^^^^_' Store
—A big ahoa store to All the footwear wants of every member of •
Tbe stock of Shoe* for Man,
Wonen. Boya, Oirla and. the "Wat
Kiddies" la not surpassed for quality
or quantity anywhere In thla vast
Every purchase guaranteed 100 per
eent. satisfactory.
Opp. Buk et
a dozen men and two apprentices. One
day he wondered if other folks felt
about themselves aa ho did about him
self. Then it occurred to him that he
very rarely spoke a word of praise or
of appreciation to anybody in his gang.
And as he continued to think about it,
his file flew faster, as the sweat stood1
out on his forehead, and when he finished the job In his vise, his body wae
all aglow—not only because of the
physical exercise of the last half hour,
but because his mind had been working harder than his body.
With this thought fresh in his mind
ho walked over to one of his apprentices and said: "Jim, that's a pretty
neat It—that patch you pat onto that
lever." Jinf looked rather sheepish
for a motaent. Then he murmured
somewhat indistinctly: "I didn't think
that you had noticed the job."
That is all that was said. But at
the close of the day, when they nodded
"good-night" both Bill and Jim felt
that a new tie bound them closer together. When the apprentice told of
the occurrence at the supper table that
night, he remarked that Bill was the
most "observing" gang-boss in the
shop. Jim's father was a machinist
in another department. Next morning
he told the boys on his job that Bill
was one of the finest gang-bosses on
his floor. When the men got together
at lunch-time, somebody remarked that
Bill Norton was "all right."
In less than a week a dozen men
had Baid the same thing. One night
Bill's wife told him that she had called
that day on Dick Sander's wife, and
that she had told her that the fellows
in the shop thought a whole lot of him.
"Oh, get out," said Bill, "she'a only
jollying you." But just the eame Bill
felt pretty good about it. He forgot
to growl at the newsboy because he
delivered tne paper ffiteen minutes
But the change had really come a
week before—the day that he had
spoken tbe words of oppreciation to
Jim. He had learned a very important
trnth that day. Long ago it had been
expressed by the Master Workman:
"He that saveth hit life shall lose
it; and he that loseth hia life—-ahall
find it."
True, it wasn't a heroic Bervice that
Bill had rendered, but in forgetting
himself ln his appreciation of others,
he had found the secret of winning
others' appreciation.
Company Towns Still in Existence As 6f Old and
Brewster's  Head Hunters
Are Abroad Hustling
Poll Tax
government has been in office
many months now, and has held
two legislative sessions, nothing
seems to have been accomplished
toward opening the company, or
closed towns, about which spellbinders during the past months,
aye years, raved and raged with
much noise. It seems it is quite
the thing to lambast company
towns, which are a curse to any
province, before electron, but after
election, politicians have a habit
of forgetting all about company towns
and, in fact, they sidestep their boasts
as regards them.
This no doubt has been the case with
the Brewster government. For many
moons just previous to the election, the
citizens of this province had continually dinned into their ears the evils of
company towns, how certain interests
with political pull had acquired valuable property upon which they had built
fair-sized towns which contributed
comparatively nothing to the exchequer
of the province, aside from an acreage
tax. The electorate, after so many
rears nf the old regime at Victoria,
lad a right to expect the new gang
would make good in some particulars.
But it will tako a microscope to discover where a solitary pre-election promise of the Brewster government has
been carried out.
Organized labor fought for years, and
is still fighting against company towns,
over which the authority of the companies "owning" theta is as strict as the
throttling clutch of military power. A
good deal of labor support went to the
Brewster gang at the election because
of the noise that was made about company towns. The new regime has been
on the job at Victoria for many months
now, has held two legislative sessions,
and if a man should go tomorrow to
Anyox, tho town at the mouth of Goose
Bay, owned by the Granby Mining,
Smelting ft Development company, he
couldn't set foot upon the wharf if he
didn't happen to look just so. Or, if
his business wasn't known, the eompa*
nies have a perfect right to put him
out of the town as a trespasser. This
is also true of the Britannia mines on
Howe Sound. All of which is a nice
state of affairs which not only has gone
on unchecked in the past, but is permitted to exist even though the government made a great ahow of naving
passed some enactment or other purported to be directed at the regulation
of eompany towns.
Is the Brewster government
afraid to monkey with.the moneyed in
British Pure Wool
THOSE who seek warmth
without weight, comfort
and wearing qualities,
will flnd their needs well
met in the following lines -.
Women's   Fine     White,
Wool Union Suits, in the
"Wolsey"   make,    with
Dutch     neck,     sleeves,
Average sizes, $5.76.
and  extra  large,
Women's Natural Wool,
light shade, Union Suits,
High neck, long sleeves,
and ankle length. Highly recommended. Average
sizes, $7.75.
Large and extra large,
Women's White Pure
Wool Union Suits, in the
"Pesco" make; medium
weight, reinforced, high
neck, long sleeves and
ankle length. Average
sizes, $4.50.
Large sizes, $5.00.
575 Granoille "Phone Sey. 3540
President of Labor Council
Demands Explanation
From Authorities
Right Style
Dick's Two Stores
Remember also that we carry everything in Men's Furnishings of high
quality by the best makers
Let Us Dress You
t oreat b owning these closed townBf   If
ao, why!
What trade unionists demand ib that
company towns be thrown open to public business competition, the same na
any other towns. That public streets
bo cut through them, that the public
have a right to land on the company
shores, walk the streets, engage in
business or seek employment, just the
same as in other portions of the province.
The Bystem of company towns, ia be
g permitted by the hypocritical'Brewster-government just tne same aB by
33/47-19 HwnNos Sr four.
pust regimes. However, the public is
not closing its eyes to the manoeuvres
of the powers that be in trying to sidestep the promises they made so as to
win office. The Brewster government
has not made good. Its speakers during the campaign made many wild assertions about the dilapidated Btate of
the provincial treasury and credit,
which may or may not havo been all
true. The electorate took it for granted that the Brewster crowd, which apparently had facts and figures by the
ears to the everlasting condemnation of
the old regime, would bring about better conditions.
Nothing Doing Bnt the Poll Viz.
But it has failed miserably to date.
In place of improved conditions, all are
heavily burdened with taxes, directly
and indirectly, especially the working-
man, who must pay a head tax of $6
for the privilege of living in British
Columbia, and the farmer, for the privilege of making a living on laud upon
which he has toiled and sweated for
many years clearing and making ready
for cultivation the primeval growth of
forest and brush, haB had lis taxes
doubled. Then there is the amusement
tax, by which a person is taxed for
spending a few hours in enjoying him*
self after a hard day'a work.
The sum and substance of what the
Brewster government has done comes
down to this: It has doubled the taxes
on the poor man, and let the rich, relatively, alone. ThlB in spite of the fact
that it would have been much easier,
and more honest and equitable, to have
taxed big business which is using up
thc natural resources of the province at
a great rate without a commensurate
return to the provincial treasury. Every
ton of oro taken out of the mines, every
ton of coal, cannot be replaced. It is
turned into money, and that la the end
of it. The provincial treasury gets a
very small proportion of the profit.
The lumbering industry is reducing the
standing timber at a tremendous rate
and, though there will in a century or
so grow up new timber, it will be of no
benefit to the next few generations.
The industry co\ild have been taxed
even very slightly, whereby the government could havo raised a great deal
more than by the poll tax, which is a
relic of the dark ages of government.
Furthermore, Premier Brewster has
cost the province by running round the
country with a minister or two always
tugging along with him, more money
than a thousand poll taxes would pay
for. Also, there are enough collectors,
or head-hunters, out rounding up unfortunate men, to eat Up whatever amount
may be collected through the imposition of the poll tax.
Thc electorate is being steadily convinced that it has been oadly buncoed
in electing tbe Brewster crowd, and
looks forward to the coming bye-elections, when the government can be induced to bring them on. Up to date,
the government has been so fearful or
public opinion, it has not had the courage to hold tbe bye-elections. TheBe
arc to be held in Vancouver, Alberni
and Newcastle, bIbo possible Nanaimo,
in the event of Hon, Bill Sloan, minister of mines, resigning to run for the
federal house. In these elections, the
government is due for a big surprise, if
present indications are any forecast of
>the results.
Council Last Night Decides
Not to Withdraw From
Labor Congress
Efforts which were made to deport two employees of the Pacific
Dredging company on account of
their activities in the late strike
against the conditions imposed by
that company, which was satisfactorily settled, wcip reported to
the Trades and Labor Qouncil last
night. President McVety and
Business Agent Midgley explained that they had demanded that
the deportation order be withdrawn and an explanation given. Failing to receive a satisfactory explanation the matter would be taken before
the minister of the interior.
President McVety also informed the
council that an organizer for the Paper-
makers ', who was here recently, had
been deported, which was another subject of inquiry that was being carried
on with the immigration authorities.
A curt letter of thanks was received
from the office of Food Controller
Hanna, for thc resolution of severe
criticism of his department which the
council passed at the last meeting. The
letter was filed.
A resolution, passed by the Brantford Tradea and Labor council,,recommended that the authorities take immediate steps to prevent an imminent
coal famine. The executive recommended that the resolution bo concurred in. Action was accordingly taken.
It was suggested that any such recommendation regarding the fuel situation
would be treated ns Food Controller
Hanna had treated the suggestions
made to him.
E. Gold's letter on bis candidature
in South Vancouver waB filed.
Miss Laura Hughes, a Toronto speaker, will not come to this city to deliver an address. A letter was received
asking the council to give its assistance
in the way of $50. It was decided
not to invite her. W. B. Trotter opposed tho suggestion that Miss Hughes
be brought here to "shoot off any fireworks." In answer to a question aB to
whether she belonged to any Labor
organization, President McVety Baid
ahe had done good work for the movement in Toronto. Qeorge Hardy had
heard her and said she did a lot of
ineffective talking and -the Labor movement, he said, would do better to give
$50 to a local committee to organize
the women here.
McLeod's Cafe Unfair.
The Cooks,' Waiters' and Waitresses' union reported McLeod's cafe
on the unfair Hst. It was proposed to
.point a committee to intervene and
place the cafe on the unfair list if
found necessary. Del. Welch BuggeBt-
ed that the business men who are eating there should bc pat on the unfair
Hat also.
The following now delegates were
obligated: Pattern Makers'—W.
Brown, C. Heys; City Firemen—J, Anderson; Teamsters' and Chauffeurs'—
Bro. Qrant, Bro. Phillips; Blacksmiths'
Helpers'—W. Winakill; I. A. of M.—
H, Fleming, Geo. Walker; Bailway
Mail ClerkB'—J. A. McLeod; Longshoremen— W. J. Gillespie, A. Newton,
A. E. Shirley, W. Steen, J. WebBter,
A. Hooton, E. Winch.
Business Agent's Beport.
Business Agent Midgley reported
that the strike of waitresses at McLeod's cafe was being carried on effectively, and that for the first time
in tho history of this city girl pickets
were seen on duty. It was noticed that
some business and professional men
were patronizing the cafe now in an
effort to break the strike.
The Teamsters and Chauffeurs were
going strong. The Timber' Workers
were not making very good progress,
owing to overlapping of unions. The
business agent, during the week, Visited the North Shore Civic Employes,
who were being well organized.
Two members of the Dredgermen's
union had boen ordered deported by
the authorities, probably by reason of
their activity in the strike of the employes of the Pacific Dredging company, but this order had been withdrawn after the matter had boen explained to immigration officials by
President McVety and Secretary Midgley.
The business agent further reported
that a bank manager had called on him
regarding labor conditions. He wanted
to know if the "unrest" was caused
by any "unruly" clasB. The business
agent set him right,
Fall and Winter Suits
and Overcoats
You men will find here
the largest stock we
have ever had. Styles
in profusion, fabrics of
a great number of
weaves and under "Our
Right Selling Plan"
prices to suit any
$15, $18, $20, $25, $27.50,
Our guarantee of satisfaction
under test of wear or money
cheerfully refunded is always in
force and remember we have a
CwKstlBtrtSdalbtr tun
shoremen had endorsed the action of
Del. Kavanagh in resigning as president of the council.
Beports of proceedings from the
Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada have arrived and show
that out of 245 delegates only 10 voted
in favor of conscription. Last meeting a resolution that the council withdraw from the congress on account of
itB position on conscription was post-
toned until the reports got here. Del.
'rotter explained that the whole aitua-
tion on conscription had been badly
mixed up and that after the vote was
taken on the committee's resolution
not to tnke any action to interfere
with the government, the straight question, for or against conscription, was
demanded, resulted in there being but
ten delegates in favor. There were
several amendments and the delegatea
were all muddled. Del. Hardy, who also
attended the congress, said it waa hia
opinion the delegates were all afraid
to place themselves on record after
Secretary Draper had said it would be
illegal to pass a resolution asking for
the repeal of the conscription act. Del.
Tree was in favor of dropping any
organization that had failed to function us the congress had.
Del. Trotter wanted to know what
Dol. Tree meant by "function." Del.
Tree replied that he meant that when
Labor waa in a position to make de-
mauds, and enforce them, they had
failed to do so, Dels. Midgley and
Welch opposed the resolution at considerable length and Dels. Tree, Thomas
and others supported it. After a long
discussion the resolution to withdraw
was lost.
Del. MisB Gutteridge waB elected by
reclamation to fill the vacancy in tbl
board of trustees .for the rest of the
A committee of Dels. Midgley,
Swartz and Miss Gutteridge waB appointed to go into the matter of the
Bartenders' new wage scale.
A committee of Dels. Trotter, Alexander, McVety and Midgley was appointed to inquire into the McLeod
cafe strike.
Dels. Hardy and Dickinson were appointed a committee to work with the
proportional representation election
system association.
Just before adjournment, Del. Miss
Helena Gutteridge delivered a brief address in the interests of the Labor candidates in the forthcoming federal campaign.
Del. Trotter drew the delegates attention to the fact that a nieeting of
the city council on theNqueation of proportional representation was shortly to
be held—on Nov. 5. The city council, he said, had the right to put the
system in operation. The city should
get away from "tinpot" politics and
ward politicians, he continued. The
statement waB being made that very
few people wanted ft and the coun
Six girl tobacco strippers hnd gone
on atrike at one of the cigar factories,
the business agent reported, but on investigation it was found that there
were about 24 still working. This emphasized the need of a minimum wage
and better working conditions for girls,
he said.
So numerous have the duties of the
business agent grown that he waB compelled to ask for volunteer assistance.
Several dolegates volunteered to givo
what assistance they eould in the way
of attending meeting whieh the business agent could not get around to,
Beport of Unions,
Various delegates, reporting for
their unions, spoke very encouragingly
of their organizations' prospects.
Del, Morrison reported the success
of tho Electrical Workers' in settling
the strike with the B. C. Telephone
Bcporting for the Letter Carriers',
Del. Wight said the minister of labor
seemed to have no power to deal with
labor questions in connection with civil
servants. The letter carreers in the
smaller cities were in favor of a strike
and those in the larger cities favored
a conciliation board.
Del, Hardy of the Carpenters' reported the big joba were 100 per cent,
organized and a meeting waB contemplated to discuss a demand for another
increase of 50 centa a day.
Del. Tree reported! that  the Long-
fact. Del. Trotter said some of the
aldermen were afraid to submit themselves for election at large.
Interesting Figures Given
Out By Secretary F.
The membership of the national and
international unions and tho local
unions directly affiliated to the American Federation of Labor has materially
increased during the past fiscal year,"
reports Secretary Frank Morrison.
"Wo had an average membership of
2,072,702 for the fiscal year, which ended September 30, 1910, and an average
membership of 2,370,205 for the twelve
months of this fiscal year, ending September 30, 1017. Notwithstanding this
fact, tbe membership for September indicates that we have now moro than
2,500,000 from whom we receive per
capita tax, through the national and international unions and ftirectly affiliated
local unions. Last year we had a paid*
up average membership of 35,163 mem*
bers in the directly affiliated local
unions, and thia year we have e paid-
up average membership of 68,416 mem*
bers for the twelve months ending Sep*
tember 30,1017.
"Notwithstanding the number ot
local unions organized, there are man;
crafts and callings that have no na
tional or International organizations
and that are poorly organized. Amongsl
these callings are the stenographers,
typewriters, bookkeepers and asisstants
The American Federation of Labor hai
started a special campaign for tl
fiose of organizing this calling.   InertS
s a good spirit for organization eiiit-j
started a special campaign for the pu
    "            ' "lei
ing among nearly nil the < workers!
which Ib augmented by the fact than
the increases in wagea received have]
not been sufficient to meet tho increased!
cost of the necessities of life.'
Garment Workers'—No delegates.
Civic Firemen—C. Buddiuk, C. A]
I. A. M., No. 777—H. Fleming, F|
E. Edney, O. Walker.
Letter Carriers'—F. Knowles, B|
Longshoremen—O. Kelly, A. Tree., OS
Lathers'—J. H. Lelghton.
Machinists', No. 182—J. H. McVetjfl
cil should V shown Vhat"was"»ortbe |*,A,,?A'.![0™**J!-.
Attendance Boll Prepared by Statistician Fred, Knowles of Central
Labor Body,
I. L. A. Auxiliary—B; Winch, W. J.
Gillespie, A. E. Shirley, G. Webster, A.
Bricklayers'—W. Pipes, W. Dagnall.
F. Vaughan.
Barbers'—S. H. Grant, B. B. Herritt.
Bartenders'—J. A. Smith, W. Mot*
Bookbinders'—No delegates.
Brewery Workers'—G. Gilbert.
Boilermakes'—J. MoAninoh, W. Marshall, Young.
Ironworkers'—B. Massecar.
Cigar Makers'—G. Brnst. J. Walters. A. P. Tletzen, C. F. Swartz.
Civic   Employees'—V.   B.   Midgley,
G. Harrison, J. McFarlane,
Cooks' and Waiters'—A. Graham, W.
Bro. of Carpenters—G. C. Thom, J.
B. Campbell, A. MoDonald, G, H.
Amal. Carpenters'—R. Jackson, B.
Deep Sea Fishermen—B. Kearley.
Eleotrleal Workers'—E. H. Morrison,
H. Woodslde.
Moving Picture Operators'—A. 0|
Molders'—J. Dickinson-
Printing Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers'—F. Welsh, G. Bose.
Pattern Makers'—O. Heys.
Painters'—H. Grand, B. Bryce.
Printing Press Assistants—No dele|
Piledrivers'—W. Ironsides, M. NasbJ
A, J, Campbell.
Plasterers'—No delegates. ■
Betail 'Clerks'—No delegates.
Bly. Mall Clerks'—J. A. McLeod.
Street Bailway Employees—J. Hub-]
ble, F. Haigh, H. Cottrell, A. V. Loft-|
ing, B. Bigby, Kermode.
Sheet Metal Workers'—A. J. Craw-|
ford, J. W. Friend.
Sailors'—W. 8. Bums.
Shoe Workers'—A. Collidge.
Stage Employees'-«No delegates.
Shipyard Laborers'—M. Phelps,
Hardy, G. A. Kilpatrick, H. Wingei
Steam Engineers'—J. McDonald, WJ
Alexander, F. L. Hunt.
Shipwrights'—No delegates.
Dredgemen—No delegates.
Tailors'—H. Gutteridge, J. P. Ellsl
Typos.—W. B. Trotter, H. C. Bensonl
G. Bartley.
Tilelayers'—No delegites.
Telegraphers '-—No delegates,
Teamsters'—Poole, Petrie,   Showier!
Musicians'—A. J. Malacord.
North   Shore   Civic   Employees— _
Meat Cutters'—B. W. Lane,   A.
Beresford, T. Brown.*
Blacksmiths'—W. Winskill.
Visitors—W. A. Pritchard.
Total delegates, 00; visitors, 1.
Only Friday and Saturday for These Sale Prices
Thia sale will positively come to an ond on Saturday. It haB been one
of our most successful sales, and there is a good reason. We urge you
not to miss the opportunity presented by the few remaining days.
Ntw Chiffon Taffetas—We offer a i.
markable bargain tn thli 30-inch
taffeta, Yonr choice of 14 good
shades, also black and white. Reg.
$1.75, (2.00 and $2.26 01 AQ
per yard. Bale price  ¥*•*»
Crape da China and Oeorgette—In
the new pastel shades and evening
colors tbat have aroused ao much
,   discussion;  40  inches  wide.  Regit.
SS "ff^ff $U*
HebuUi Silkt—A heavy quality Hebu-
tal in 80 good shades, as wellies
black and white; also in striped
effects,     88. Inches  wide.       Regu
lar 11.25 And |1.65 yard.      ng.
Sale price  VOC
Silk and Cotton Crepe de' Chine—
Ths Is a most exceptional value we
are offering. If we were buying
tbls stock today It would cost ua
more wholesale than the price we
are putting on lt retail. The material Is 88 inches wide, and it
auttable for dresses, undergarments
Hf'-tA *<">* washing quality, la
80 different shades. Reg, —
75c yard, for 	
Lining Satins—In  five
Besnl.r 11.60 per jsrd""" aTgjji '*H
SAJBA BROS., Limited


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