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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 2, 1917

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Array ^^^^^^*WH
THE BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR CO UNOIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR
FEDERATIONIST
POLIJiqAL jgNITY: ^ICTOBI
NINTH YEAR.   No. 44
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2,1917
st
OUj, (2.00
, !$i.5#per year
BUTCHERSMAYTAKEIPA
STRIKE VOTE AT
5'
P. Burns Is Expected to Arrive in Vancouver Early
Next Week
Vote May Be Taken Unless
Wage Question Is Settled
By Tuesday
The newly-organized   Butchers   and
.Meat Cutters' union eame near taking
a strike vote at the meeting on Tues-
i day, owing to the delay of the P. BurnB
shop in the negotiations for increased
pay and better hours. The butchers of
the city are now 90 per cent, organized.
The packing house employees are 100
| per cent, organized,
(    During the week negotiations have
, been going on with a eommittee of em-
l ploying butchers, principally with Blake
Wilson, manager of the Burns shops.
The meoting Tuesday night was for
taking immediate action, but it was decided to postpone tho matter till next
Tuesday, by which time P. Burns, head
of tho meat company, will bo here from
Calgary.
The local decided to insist on a settlement next TueBday, .failing which
they will take a Btrike vote.
A number of markets have asked for
the Butchers'   union   shop card, and
these wtll be delivered aB Boon as they
arrive.
The union haB subscribed to The Fed-
j eratloniBt in a body, and tho dues have
[ been advanced to $1.25.
New Schedule of Wages
Following is the new   schedule   of
wages and hours:
Packing houses and wholesale moat
markets — Eight-hour    day    Monday,
i Tuesday, Wednesday,    Thursday   and
I Friday. Four hours Saturday. Making
a total of 44 hours weekly, with 10 per
; cent, increuse on present daily wage.
i Time and one-half for ovortimc.
Betail meat markets—Nino hour day
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday. Five houra Wednesday and 11
hours Saturday. Making a total of 52
hours weekly.    Minimum wage $26.00
i weekly, with time and one-half for
overtime. One honr to be allowed for
all meals.
Extra men—Extra men shall receive
$4.50 per day, excepting Saturdays or
\ day preceding holidays, when they
shall be >aid $0.00 per day.   For half
' day $3.00 shall be paid, excepting Sat*
urdays or day preceding holidays, when
' $4.50 Bhall be paid. Straight time for
Friday and Saturday shall be $9.50,
All mechanics (except engineers and
firemen) employed around packing
houses to have an eight-hour day. Time
and one-half for, overtime, and double
time for Sundays. An increase of 30
per cont. in wages, except in auch cases
where Buch increase would cause any
employee to receive moro than tho re-
cognizd union scale of wages paid in
Vancouver for his respective craft. In
such eaaeB the employee would only receive enough to bring his wages up to
the standard union wage. Engineers to
have the same working conditions as
prevail at present and a 10 per cent.-
increase in wages. Firemen to have aa
eight-hour day und 30 per cent, increase
in wages over the present scale.
EXEMPTIONS UNDER
MILITARY SERVICE ACT
Some of the Clauses Governing Many
BrltlBh Columbia Workers of
Military Age
In response to an inquiry for information governing some of the provisions of the Military Service Act, made
by a Vancouver Island Miners' union
official, Vice-president McVety, of the
B. O. Federation of Labor, haa replied
as follows:
"Yoar letter of the 30th ultimo., in
which you ask mo to explain the meaning of clause G, on the application for
exemption form, tho clause reading as
follows:
"That he is exempt from combatant service because disfranchised under tho provisions of the War Timo
Elections Act.'
" Under the provisions of the War
Timo Elections ast 'conscientious objectors' and naturalized citizens of
alien enomy birth who have been naturalized less than fifteen years are disfranchised.
"  A 'conscientious objector' is defined  in  tho  Military  Service  act as
follows:
" 'That he   conscientiously  objects
to the undertaking of combatant service and is prohibited from so doing
by the tenets and articles of faith,
in effect on the sixth day of July,
1917. of uny organized religious denomination existing and well recognized in Canada at such date, and
to which he in good faith belongs.'
"Persons coming within   these   two
clasBea are therefore entitled to exemption, provided, of courso, that they report within the specified time and set
out cithor of these reasons on their application for exomption.''
0. N. W. Men Win Strike.
The members of Great North Western System, Division No. 43, wont on
Btrike Monday, Sent. 24, and returned
to work Oct. 3, tho company having
agreed to all tho demands of the men.
Everybody waa reinstated to their former positions witho.lt discrimination
and tho men and women went back to
work as they wont out—with their
ranks unbroken. For the flrst time in
the hiBtory of tho commercial telegraph, the tolegraphers won a regularly
organized strike extending throughout
the entire syBtem.
Waitresses WlU Havo Dance
All arrangements have been competed for the Waitresses' dance on
Wednesday, Nov. 14. The last dance
they gave was a tremendous success]
far beyond their expectations, and
they nre going to try to make their
next affair as successful aa the last.
Head WP Coughlan  Yard
Thinks Differently of
Union Labor
Strike Settlement Arrived
at With General
Satisfaction
In the dealing with the various
business agents connected with the
unions whose members were on strike
at* the shipyards of J. Coughlan & Sons,
John Coughlan found, contrary to his
expectations, he admitted, that he waB
dealing with a claas of men who were
capable and willing to do everything
within reason to bring negotiations to
a satisfactory conclusion. This they
did. The big yard is again humming
with industry, tbe management having
signed up the agreement demanded, including the, all-union shop principle,
Mr, Coughlan expressed himself as
well satisfied with the outcome, that the
dealings had been eminently fair in
every respect. He stated he intended
to live up to the letter of the agreement and he expectd tho men to also.
The meoting of the' Metal TradeB
Council Wednesday night was devoted
almost wholly to hearing the roport of
the executive on the Coughlan negotiations.
Tl
TO ID MEETI
As Soon as Possible After
Auditors Conclude Work
in a Few Days
Interest in the financial affairs of
the Labor Templo seems to be reviving.
In order to give the membership, and
the shareholders, an up-to-date report,
tho auditors, Messrs. Crehan, Mouat &
Co., are at present concluding the work
of auditing the books of the Labor
Temple eompany, and as booh as this
work ia concluded a. meeting of the
company is .to be,held...An,announcement of the date "of the meeting will
be made in the course of a week or
ten days,
BUSINESS MEN SNEAK
DOWN BACK STAIRS
Striking Waitresses Have Long List of
Men at Unfair Cafe
The waitresses who are on strike for
better conditions at MacLeod's cafe,
in the Bogera building, are stilt maintaining their picket and advertising the
fact thnt this enfe is unfair to their
organization. While picketing Ib ratt
er slow, tho girls have considerable
fun keeping cases on the professional
und businoss men, aa well as Bome retail clerks, who have forgotten that it
was organized Labor which gave them
their greatest assistance in getting a
weekly half-holiday in addition to Sundays off, while the girls aro only nBk-
ing to have one day off, not a day and
a half, in each week.
A list of the names of business men
who sneak into the cafe by the back
entrance, as it were, to avoid being
seen by the girls, iB very enlightening
to organized Labor. Thoso go down
into tho basement by tho elevator.
The Waitresses have issued cards to
retail clerks containing tho following:
"By our assistance you are enjoying
a weekly half-holiday, in addition to
having Sunday free. We now usk
your assistance to help us to get one
day off in seven (not necessarily Sunday)."
May License Plumbers
The civic health committee is considering! u change in the bylaws to license
plumbers. At present there arc many
plumbers, not members of the Plumbers' jnion by the way, who are endangering public health by their poor
ropair work. The mntter was drawn
to the attention of the public recently
by officials of the Plumbers' union.
T
Justice Murphy Has Been
Appointed Chairman of
Dispute Board
On the recommendation of E. A.
James, representing tho Canadian Pacific railway, and Victor R. Midgley,
business agent of the Trades and Labor
council who represents the men, in. the
disputo between the C P. R. and the
freight-handlers in tho company's
sheds, the minister of labor has appointed Justice Murphy as chairman of
the board under the Industrial Disputes act. The appointees of the company and the men agreed on Justice
Murphy and wired a recommendation
that he be appointed as chairman and
third member of the board.
The freight-handlers are asking increases ranging from 20 to 30 per cent.,
and aak, that working hours be reduced
from ten to nine.
This is the scale now being puid to
fi eight-handlers who work on the
wharves.
A SPLENDID VISTA
OF POSSIBILITIES
A Well-known B. 0. lawyer Decides to
Locate In Vincouver
Mr. W. B. ("Billy") Boss, the pro
viucial member for Fort Qeorge constituency, lawyer, who many times has received mention in The Federationist, announces that he intends to make Van*
couver his home and business headquarters. If Mr. Boss can manage to get
away with as much during his Vancouver practice of law in tbe future as he
has politically in tbe past, be bas a brilliant future. Musclow overlooked a
bet when he failed to secure the ser-
vices of Mr. Bobs, for wbat "Billy
doesn't know of tbe natural elements
doesn't amount to much. He has won
elections by floods, Ire, judicial decisions, promises and just plain ordinary
campaigning. So far he has remained
out of jail, and in tho legislature, and
has never been caught with the goods
on him. If one were really guilty of
some heinous offence, Tbe Federationist
is forced to confess that "Billy" Boss
Is the man to consult. He ought to
know the way out.
TAYLORCHOJCE IN
B. C. F. of L Convention
Picks Longshoreman
to Win
VICTORIA, Nov. 1.—(Special to The
Federationist.)—The nominating convention, under the auspices of the B,
C. Federation of Labor, for the Nanaimo federal riding, took place here
last evening, when Vice-president J.
Taylor of the Longshoremen's union
was nominated to contest the seat.
After the preliminaries of the convention, the following names were
placed in nomination: Messrs. B. Simmons, A. Watchman and J. Taylor, Del.
Taylor was made the unanimous choice
of the convention, Del. Simmons having declined.
A campaign committee was named,
with instructions to co-operate with the
Victoria B. C, F, of L, campaign com*
mittee, aB follows: Walter Head, South
Wellington; J. Stevenson, S. Guest, H.
Starky, J. Taylor, E, Bukin, R. Hill,
W. Campbell, F. Galand and J. Herron.
lec.-Treas. A. S. Wells of the B. C.
F. of L., who presided as chairman of
the convention, outlined the policy
which, in his opinion, should be adopt1
ed and stated that a manifesto should
be iu the hands of the committee by
the end of the week and that this literature should be distributed to the
electors of the riding.
A motion was adopted requesting the
candidate to place his undated resignation in the hands of the executive of
the B. C. F. of L., so that in case of a
serious violation of the Federation's
platform it could be exercised accordingly.
SHIPYARD MANAGES
COMPLAINED AGAINST
Work at Poplar Yard Is Being Made
as Disagreeable as Possible
At tho shipyards ou Poplar Island,
where the Munitions Board is having
some ships built, there is considerable
unrest on the part of the men, owing
to tho mnnnger, H. Fullerton, a former
real estate agent, who seems to take
delight in making the work of the men
at the yards aa disagreeable bb possible. Such actions do not make for
a very friendly feeling and it is time
thc matter waa brought to the attention of those who employed Fullerton,
Company Has Speeded Up
Runs in Excess of the
Speed Limits
Street car teen of Victoria plan to
hold a mass-meeting on Sunday night
to conaider the orden which the company has given, speeding the runs up.
The men are not given time to make
their runs in safety, which must be
their first consideration^ As the.speed
limit is being exceeded without regard
to public safety, this is something which
ought to be drawn to tjie attention of
the tramway inspector..:
News of this is brought by Pres.
Hubble, who has returned from Victoria, where he was a member of the committee which met the Workmen's Compensation Board,
It has been learned from other sources
that the street car men of Victoria are
most emphatic against tho introduction
of the "one-man" car system in that
city and also that the people of Victoria intend to oppose any such imposi.
tion,
A special meeting of the executivo
committee of Pioneer division No 101
will be held at 7:30 next Monday night
in the Labor Temple
The general constitution now has
been amended so that if a man goes
away on military service his dues are
waived until his return
The next regular meeting of the local
will be held oh Wednesday, Nov 14.
Pres. Hubble wishes to draw to the
attention of the members the fact that
the local subscribes to The Federationist in a body, and if any of the members are not receiving the paper they
should notify the business agent, so
they can be put on the list.
Officers Suggest Eight-hour
Day As a Solution of
Holiday Problem
VICTORIA, Nov. 1.—Claiming that
the present Saturday half-holiday satisfies the merchants of the Capital city,
the shoppers and the employees, the
Victoria Hot nil Clerks' association hus
decided to initiate a vigorous campaign
in opposition to that of the board of
trado for alteration in the weekly half-
holiday.
"We have found, from our experiences of the present system, which has
beon in existence since June 1, 1015,"
stated Mr. Talbot, the chairman, "that
the merchants, shopping people and employers are all satisfied with the Saturday half-holiday and xould not welcome any mid-week holiday, becauso it
is felt that such a change would be
disastrous for trade in general.
". . . . I take it that the
only change we would welcome would
be that a straight eight-hour day every
day of the week, with no half-holiday
at nil, und I am sure that all employees
would bo satisfied with that arrangement.
"With that object in view we have
applied for admission as a local body
in the International Protective Association, and we have alao decided to
affiliate with the Trades and Labor
Council, We shall have another meeting on Monday next, when the pluni
will be arranged."
Slavery ln Garment factories
Judthtf by wkat Del. Htltita OitUrUf*
told the touncil lait night ftboit tht psj i«-
celved by worken in garment tutorial, women nre forced In Bome loan! ikopi lo own*
pete with Chlneae, nnd nre pnid u low ni
(4 n week. The moit ikllled workeri do not
ct-t more thnn $10 n week doing tbelr beit.
Out of n pnlr of overnlli which coit $2 retnil
the girls mnke only 10 cents,
6
II
Not Only the Men But the
Citizens Will Object
to System
MANY DEC!
I
Military   Authorities   Are
Giving Wagf.JSrorkers
the Worst tof it
The Federationist haB received many
complaints during the past few days
from, members of the working class,
conscripted under the provisions of the
Military Service aet, who have come to
Vancouver, quit jobs and reported to
the medical board. In one case, the
victim was recently passed as Class A.
A few days later he reported for duty
and was then turned down on account
.of rheumatism. Prior to that he had
[been refused entry into the United1
States, where he had a lucrative job
in sight. Now ho has neither employment or a chance to enter military aervice; has spent $300 of his savings and
faces the coming winter broke. And
all this mostly through no fault of his
own. Ho had also been rejected for
service as far back as August last.
Surely thero must be some duplication
of machinery, where so many decisions
tho part of the military authorities
possible. And it looks aB though
there was no recourse. What's the
odds?   Only workingmen aro affected!
M'VETY RESIGNED
YESTERDAY FROM
EXEMPTION BOARD
Mr, Jas. H. McVety, president of
Vuncouver Trades und Labor council,
has tendered his resignation as a member of one of the exomption boards for
Vancouver city, to Hla Honor Judge
Cay ley, senior county court judge for
the county of Vancouver.
Asked by The Federationist as to
why he had resigned, Mr. McVety said:
"At the timo of my appointment I
felt thut I would be able to find thc
time nccessury to attend to thc duties
of the offlce, but since then, by the
unanimous request of Labor's nominating convention, 1 have accepted thc
nomination in 1hc federal election for
Vancouver Moath. The work mapped
out by the campaign committee, practically all of which will be in the evenings, makes it impossible to properly
fulfil the duties of both positions, aad
feel that the effort being put forth
by working people to Becure representation in the houae of commons should
be assiated in every way possible by
the candidates. To that end I have
tendered my resignation as a member
of the exomption tribunal, the number
of applications for exemption making
it evident that more Ume will be required than I cun spare from my usual
duties and the work of the campaign."
Woman Barred Oft Boards
Mrs. W IL Griffin, who was onc of
ex-Judge Mclnnes' appointees on the
Exemption Board, has been replaced by
J. H, Senkler. Mrs. Griffin waa notified a day or two ago that she waB not
eligible, and tho aame information went
to Judge Cayley in a telegram from
the minister. Although nothing definite is known it is thought that Mrs.
Griffin ia ineligible because of her sex.
It is thought that under tho act she can
not officiate on the board; Mrs. Griffin was appointed in September, but
it wus only thia week that the government acted. Mr. Senkler has consented
to act in hor pluce. He was nppointed
by Judge Cayley.
MAY AFFILIATE WITH
AMERICAN FEDERATION
SUpjrud Laborers of Coast May Got
Charter Trom A. P. of I*.
At tbe laet meeting of the Shipyard
Laborers' local, a communication from
John L. Martin, of Oakland, Cal., formerly of this city, was read. He urged
the advisability of the locals of this
coast joining together and getting a
charter from the A. F. of L. This met
with tho unanimous approval of the
gathering and Bro. Martin will be so
advised by W. Hardy, secretnry of the
local who declares he intends to do all
that is possible at this end, as he believes there it no reason why this class
of labor should not be internationalized.
The local granted 420 to the campaign fund of the B. C. F. of L. and
410 to the Socialist party.
Bro. Phelps was elected to represent
the local on the campaign committeo.
The local has now reached the 600
taark in membership. The ngreement
making the Coughlan shipyard an all-
union yard increased the membership
by nearly a hundred.
PMHRC.
Representative  Stoney  of
I. T. tJ. Makes Extensive
Tour of Province
I. T. U. Representative R. A. Stoney
of New Weatminster returned on Saturday from an extended trip throughout the interior in the interests of the
Typos. He left on Sept. 10 for Prince
Rupert. From there he visited Prince
George and the towns en route. From
there he went to Lucerne, a j auction
on the G. T. P. and C. N. R. Then
to Kataloops, Armstrong, Vernon and
other Okanagan towns in the order
named; then to Revelstoke, Golden,
Fernie, Cranbrook, Nelson, Grand
Forks, Merritt, Mission and Coquitlam,
in the order named. He leaves Vancouver today for Victoria, to visit all
Vancouver Island printshop towns.
Representative Stoney has been authorized to give Prince Rupert jurisdiction over all points from that city to.
Prince George, including Hazelton, New
Hazelton and Smithers. In addition,
the members of Ketchikan and Juneau,
Alaska, are trying to get in under this
jurisdictional arrangement. Fernie and
Cranbrook have surrendered their charters and the members will hereafter be
affiliated with Nelson, which also controls Rossland and Trail. Kamloops
membera havo also decided to go back
to New Westminster local, the war
having depleted their membership and
made a charter unnecessary there.
Speaking to The Fedorationist yesterday of printing conditions generally
in the provinco, Representative Stoney
Baid they were much better than he
had expected to find. From a union
standpoint the situation has been improved considerably aB a result of hia
tour. Possibly 90 per cent, of the trade
is already organized.
OPTICAL EMPLOYEES
DESIRE TO ORGANIZE
A Class of Labor That Works Very
Long Hours Just at Present
Business Agent Midgley has hnd a
visit from a committee representing the
men employed in optical establishments
who defiire to organize themselves so
that they may be in a position to demnnd better conditions. A meeting
will be held by the employees nt 8
o'clock Monday night. At present they
are compelled to work 5(5 hours a week.
If the organization is perfected the
men  will demand a shorter work-day.
Southern Alberta Trade Unionists Will Go After
Profiteers
After sizing up tho wuy things look
at Ottawa, and having nrrived at the
conclusion that nothing can bo expected from the alleged "union" government, the trude unionists of Lethbridge, Alberta, largely composed of
conl miners, members of the 0, M. W.
of A., decided on Monday night to
place a candidate in tho field for the
federal general election noxt month. A
strong cnhipnign committee has been
namedi and without waiting to name
their candidate, whicli will be done
later, the members are hnrd at work,
with splendid expectations of u triumph for Lnbor and Democracy.
WILL HOLD SERIES
WINTER MEETINGS
Engineers   Next   Sunday   Will   Start
Big Membership Campaign
Commencing Sunday the Steam and
Operating Enginoers will hold a series
of orgnnizntion meetings for tho purpose of gnthcring tho strength which
they believe necessary to enforce demands in the spring for nn eight-hoar
day in all sawmills und logging camps.
The meetings will continue all winter.
The local is moving along very satisfactorily in most respects. The organization is growing steadily.
Campaign Dance
A liiic wliift ilrive and dance to mi*.'
money, (br thi' inaijiftljtn fund will In- ijivi-n
on N.iv. 10. Tltls will tin tbo blf[jt<-iit tinner
of the at-iuon. it it Mtiiocted, Ticket*, mny
be obtained from businean a|r<-n(p. Many
locitli may <lc* iile to boy ticket* bk n body
and belji In thin way to swell tlie fund,
WEST mm TOIWILL FIRE OPENING
IDE ON
Union Men to Hold Convention at Nelson on Wednesday Next
F. of L. Asked to Sanction
the Choice Made by
Convention
SANDON, B. 0., Oct. 27.—At a recent nieeting of Nelson Trades and
Labor council, at which representatives
of Labor from several parts of West
Kootenay were present, it- was decided
to call a convention on Wednesday,
Nov. 7, at Nelson, for the purpose of
nominating'a candidato for West Kootenay in the federal election.
The Sociol-Democrutic party will be
represented at the convention, but inasmuch as it may be decided by tho
convention to run a B. C, F. of L. nominee, tho executive of that provincial
organizntion has been asked to give its
recognition on the official ballot overseas, as set forth in the Military Elections act.
Your correspondent met "Ginger"
Goodwin of Trail a few days ago, and
he states that he would accept no nomination .other than under the auspices
of the S. P. of O.
It is not improbable that the Nelson
convention next week will agree on n
candidate acceptable to all concerned,
recognizing the need of unity at thiB
time. ■
First Mill Strike Involved
Others and the Fight
Is Now On
The members of the Paper Makers'
union, employed in the mill at Lebanon,
Ore., owned by the Crown-Willamette
Paper company, are on strike because
the company wanted them,,' to make
orders that were unfilled at Oregon
City when the men went out. The
Btrikers ure ready for a flght to the
finish in defense of their rights and
the right to be members of Labor
unions. At 'Camas and Oregon City,
the members are standing pat and not
a wheel is turning. The Btrike has been
well advertised and the companies will
have a hard time to get men. They
have been looking for "rats" in the
east, but from reports they will fail
to find them. The mill owners seem
determined to fight.
MAINTENANCE-OF-WAY
MEN SECURE INCREASE
Finding of Federal Board of Conciliation Favors C. P. B. Employees.
B. L. Taylor, K.C, who returned to
Winnipeg Tuesday nfter acting as
chairman of the conciliation board
which has been in session ut Regina,
dealing with the differences between
the Canadian Pacific railway and its
Maintenance-of-wuy Employees, stated
that a majority report signed by himself and Wm. Georgeson of Calgary
luid been forwarded to Ottawa
Mr. Taylor stated that the final
award of tho board gives thc men a
substantial increase all around. The
sectionmen, outside of yards, on eastern lines, ure awarded, an increaso of
40 eents a day, and on western lines
HO cents a duy. In tho case of higher
paid mon, he points out, the increase
is not quite so large, the average being
20 cents for tlie Inert of the west, and
HO cents for those on eastern lines. It
wns explained by Mr. Taylor that whilo
the eastern men have been awarded 10
eents more than thoso employed in the
west, their daily rnte is still  15 cents
Proportional Representation
A meeting of the city council will
be held November 5 fit which will bo
discussed the proposal that civio elec-
lions bu held under the proportional
representation plan. Members of the
Trades and Labor conncil hnvo been
asked tu attend the meeting.
AI
The B. C. F. of L Candidates
to Address Meeting at
Labor Temple
Central Labor Body Convention Decides on United
Opposition
PRINOE RI'PERT, B.C., Nov. 1.4*
(Special lo The Fedcrntionist.)—The
Trades nnd Labor Council culled a special meeting here on Wednesday night
fur the purpose of discussing the political situation and considering thc advisability of placing a Lnbor candidate
in the field fur the federal elections of
Dec. 17. The ntleniinnts were nil union
cardholders.
After n lengthy session, in which
friends of John Mclnnis of Fort George
urged his candidacy, it was finally decided that, in view of the necessity of
defeating the "Union" aggregation of
burglar* at Ottawn, no candidute would
be nominnted.
A resolution strongly endorsing the
policy of Hir Wilfrid La drier was also
passed unanimously. Evory union in
tho district wasc represented at the
meeting.
Labor David Will Hurl His
Defi at Capitalist
Goliath
Labor's opening broadside will
be fired at the enemy on Tuesday
at a mass-meeting of workingmen
and women in the Labor Temple.
The two local B. G. F. of L. candidates, J. H. McVety, president
of Trades and Labor Council, and
Victor R. Midgley, business agent
of the same body, will be the
speakers of the evening. With
the old political parties—Tories
and Grits—now telling the truth
of each other; with the "Win-
the-War" league standing safely out
of danger, but getting in a bite here
and there at the gladiators of the old
parties as they scrap, ehew and gouge
each other,' Labor's chance is better
than ever, for never before had Labor
such a clearcut issue—freedom and the
holding onto what Labor has won by
organization during the past many
years, liberties that are about to be
taken away, under the Conscription
Act, which contemplates not only oonscription of men for the army to fling
against enemy guns in France, Flanders and other portions of the globe,
but industrial conscription as well.
Some of the " Win-the-War" patriots, innuy of whom would make
first-class soldiers themselves, but had
much rather the other fellow did the
fighting while they stay at home and
profit from the blood that is being
spilled, openly advocate an industrial
wago on a par with the wages being
paid to men to fly at one another's
throatB—$1.10 a day.
Ab industrial conscription is so clearly contemplated by the dishonest Borden governmont at Ottawa, whieh ia
masquerading as a "union" government because of having added to the
cabinet some self-seeking politicians of
the Grit stripe, Labor is lining up to
forestall it.
The Xme Locally.
In Vancouvor the opportunity df
working men, organized and unorganized, and working women, to elect their
Candidates, is particularly bright, for
if the '' union'' government mate meet'
in& held at the Horse Show building
the other night is any barometer of the
leanings of the rank and file whieh
the old parties formerly depended
upon, not a great deal of interest ia
being taken. It is conservatively estimated that not more than 1000 persons were present. .The speakers spoke
to an empty building, nnd even at that
did not succeed in holding attention,
for thc crowd bogan to disperse daring
thc address of Martin Burr-ell, minister
of "mines," and when Calder, the new
minister of "immigration," - got
through the building was being emptied rapidly.
The B. C. F. of L. candidates aro
straight anti-conscription working
cluss candidates. Their platform,
whieh will appoar in Thc Federationist
next week, is tho beBt that cnn be got
for Lubor, the producers of all wealth,
and without whom the capitalist class
would starve to death. The capitalists
throughout Canada are lining up together, but they aro having their own
troubles and arc worse split up ovor
who shall participate in the division
of the spoils at Ottawa thun ever before in the history of Canada,
If Lnbor stands'solid, and puts up
the fight it is capable of, when its liberty and very existence is at stuke,
Labor .candidates can be elected in
Vancouver.
Candidates Are Confident.
Candidates McVety and Midgloy express every confidence. They hnve selected a campaign committee which is
prepared to devote nil its energies
toward tho success of tho campaign.
Tho women, too, are going to play a
big part in this election, and women
of the working class, the wives, relatives and sweethearts of the laboring
man, are determined to entor the campaign with a determination like tho
men—-to make a fight which will land
on the floor of the house of commons
Labor members, who will be in a position to fight Labor's battles right up
against tho walls of capital's stronghold in Ottawn.
Other Working CIobs Candidates.
Reports from till over the country
are very favorable to thc election of
working class r u ml i dates. They arc
especially bright in B, C. It is up to
organized labor, ami unorganized labor
as well, to back Labor's candidates to
thc last ditch. Lnbor can win if it
will stand shoulder to shoulder. Tho
candidates have faith that it will. Of
course many workingmen are affiliated
with the two political parties, and if
they pull away, nnd get behind their
own candidates, instend of boing led
by the hose nny longer, both McVety
(nnd Midgley will be elected, and British Columbia labor will have done its
duty toward the cause of the working-
man. Even the election et n fow working class men will hnve a marvelous
effect on (ho house of commons, and
with Lnbor members on tho floor to
voice Labor's side of thc case, tbo rest
of the crowd will not dare put over
some of (he schemes which they contemplate perpetrating upon tho working
class—industrial conscription umoug
them.
Open Campaign Tuesday Night.
All arrangements have been made
for the big meeting Tuesday. Promptly
nt 8 o'clock the meeting will be called
to order by B. Showier. Only tho candidates are to speak, according toprcs-
(Contlnued ou page 8) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY .......November 2, 11
Arnold & Quigley
Guaranteed English Raincoats
UNDERPRICED
TN most cases those values are for less thnn such reliable garments
-• can be rebought for today. The values are extraordinary during
this big •overstocked sale.
♦10.00 Guaranteed English Paramatta Baincoats for 87.85
$15.00 Guaranteed English Paramatta Baincoats, at 810.75
$20.00  Heavyweight Moleskin-lined English Paramatta  Baincoats,
two-year guarantee, for  814.75
♦25.00 Heavyweight English Whipcord Baincoats, silk or wool lin-
log**, at 819.75'
♦15 and .$10.50 English Twoed plain and belted Baincoats 811.75
$18.00 and $20.00 Twoed Baincoats, dark groys and tweed mizturos,
at -*• 813.75
Extra heavyweight English' Twood Baincoats, with heavy flexible
vulcanized rubber lining; fully guaranteed, at 825.00
Arnold & Quigley
546 — GRANVILLE STREET— 546
-BARGAINS IN-
ODD LOTS OF SILKS
-These Silks, which we otter at a bargain price, are not in any sense of
the word cheap Silks, but they belong to incomplete lines and wo havo
decided to sacrifice them to clean up our stock.
Included ia these silks aro—
STRIPED POPLIN CREPE POPLIN STRIPED HABUTAI
27-tn. PLAIN WHITE HABUTAI       STRIPED TAFFETA
OHARMEUSE SILK LINING
All these Silks are regular value from $1.65 up to $2.45     04 AA
per yard.   Special, per yard «P1.UU
SABA BROS., Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS
i ORANVILLE STBEET
STRIKE MAY HOLD
UP POSTAL
■wwK*.a»>f*»g*.-»t *».•   tan \->:   *♦-."  ♦•♦&*-■♦.
A Good >Hat Is Cheapest in the Long Run
This holds good now to a greater da*
groe than ever before.
Ttae moral is—"Buy Oood Hats"—
bur them at Richardson & Potts', whero
only GOOD HATS are aold.
Tet tho prices remain |3, $3.60, fl,
10. te.
Eaoh at its price is the utmost In
value. Many linos of UNION-MADE
HATS here for yoar consideration.
Richardson & Potts Lti
417 OBAKVILLE STBEEI
Hsir Comer H»stta» Stmt last
____________________
Empress Coffee
—THB COFFEE THAT NOT ONLY MAKES FBIENDS BUT KEEPS
FBIENJ>8
THAT'S WHY ITS SALES ABE OBOWINO LARGER EVERY DAY
TBT IT.   IF YOU AREN'T SATISFIED WITH IT, YOUR GROCER
WILL OIT/E YOUB HONEY BAOK
Empress M'fg Co.
Tke Hon ef Pan tttt Product.
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Is the Milk supplied to your home Real Milk?
—If tt It not call up the
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1897
Oi drop a out to dur offlce, 806 Twenty-fourth avenue out.
WB OUARANTEE TO GIVE YOU SATISFACTION. GIVE US A CALL
A. R. BAKER
407 HASTINGS STREET WEST
DENTIST
Houn: 9 to 6 p.m.
Phone Seymour 2
0
Open Tueaday and Friday' Everiingi
Oloied Saturday Afternoon!
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Trj our Fee Ooal (or you underfeed furnace)
JMkil
MACDONALOflAPPOLE CO.
$4MJAOUM
BIO
Phone
Seumour
2IO
Postal Carriers Ave Among
Most Poorly Paid Labor
In Canada
Mail curriers havo boen unablo thus
far to got any consideration of their
demands for bettor working conditions
and pay from the federal authorities,
and not evon the ministor of Labor will
consider their case, having for his ex-
cuso the fact that one branch of the
civil sorvico cannot interfere i£ another. It is a condition of affairs discreditable to the government at Ottawa.
It will bo remembered that two other
recommendations wore sent to the various brunches throughout the Dominion,
ono suggesting effectual electioneering
against the presont administration at
tho forthcoming election, and the other
tho suggestion of appealing to a board
of arbitration uud«r the Industrial Disputes Aot.
Tho drastic action was tho third item
on tho programme, and so fart as can bo
gathered from other branches, is the
ono gonorally favored. It must be understood, however, that the unanimous
voto will govern the action of the
wholo; thore will be no isolated strikes.
In tho event of reconciliation being impossible in the meantime and a strike
determined upon, the second or third
weok in December is expected to be
chosen as the opportune time.
WiU Ask Soldier Support
Tbe Great War Veterans' association
will bo asked for their moral support
of the Letter Carriers' association
should the moro drastic programme materialize, since the' postal workers regard it as a tight just as much in the
interest of tho returned men as in that
of the servant who has not gone to the
front for good and sufficient reason.
Thero are fifteen returned men at the
local office, and tho carriers declare that
a good deal of aggravation to tho wago
quostion is occasioned by the working
conditions.
They claim that the routes havo increased in size, thut the mail is a good
deal larger than it was three years ago
due largely to the enormous volume of
overseas correspondence and that Ihe
delivery has been extended. For the
same .three years it is avowed, by the
carriers that registered mail has increased by at least ten times, some men
now taking out ns many as thirty or
forty registered packets in ono delivery.
With the added duties thoy say that
the burden is almost impossible for the
man who has not been subjected to
shell firo in Franco, but to tho returned
soldier who has been able to hold his
position tho conditions aro described
as trying to a degroe.
Some proof of this assertion will be
found in the fact that out of an aver-
ago local staff of some forty-five
men, fifteen of whom are veterans, no
less than eighty returned soldiers during the last two years have been engaged for this work and havo been
obliged to givo up on account of the
long hours and laborious nature of the
work.
Higher Orade Men Satisfied.
The higher grade mon in the service,
that is, those who havo been in the
postal employ for four years or more
and havo reached thoir maximum wage
of $3.50 por day, are not in the mood
to press their claim for the increase
of 50 cents per day. They would accept that, for the time boing at any
rate, provided the lower grade men be
advanced nothing less than the amount
of the demand addressed to the au*
thorities now more than o> year ago.
It is pointed out, too, that the carriers employed at all places east of the
Oreat Lakes have even a still greater
reason for complaint. Two dollars a
day as against two and a half in British Columbia Is thoir lowest grade,
while the cost of living doos not differ
so much as it did in pre-war days.
Tho letter carriers explain that there
is no difference whatever between the
duties of the low grade, temporary or
appointed man. The work is the same
in all cases, the only difference in pay
being determined by length of service.
Qualification'for'an Increase does not
exist until the man is taken from the
temporary to tho "appointed" list and
then twenty-five cents per day for four
years is the limit of his pecuniary advantage.
Two Tears "Temporary."
Some temporary men, among whom
are returned soldiers, it is alleged, have
worked at tho local office for more
than a year, with one case of two
years, the appointments coming iu ro*
tation. The mon are not concernod
about tho formality of "appointing,"
but aro diroctly concerned by the pen*
alty of possessing no standing in the
class of wage advancement. Since the
work is tho same they claim the pay
should be tho same, and thnt after a
year's servico as a temporary man his
scale of pay should be increased by the
twenty-five cents per <fdy and so on
from year to year until the limit of a
rinll.tr has beon reached.
Another point the letter carriers emphasize is tho fact that no sick pay
is forthcoming for the temporary man.
That is alone the advantage of the
"appointed" servant. B.it in his caso
thore is no definite provision. He
must make application to the postmaster, and it is then at the option of
tho postal authorities, sinco the gover-
nor-goneral-in-council may or may not,
as ho thinks fit, so authorize payment
of such moneys for that purpose.
After a long fight tho temporary
man has now boen permitted holidays
to the extent of ono and a half days
a month, the privilege to apply to
thoso who havo boon In the employ of
the offico for a year or less, .One
clnim mado by tho returned men employed locally is that a man is givon
two days to learn his route—or a now
ronto in the case of a change—and that
just as soon as an "nppointed" man
finds that his route hns become too
irksome ho is transferred and invnria*
bly a returned man is told off to do it.
Ten to twelvo hours a day on a big
route fnr a man who hus fought for
his country is regarded by thoso so
omploycd locally as being out of all
proportion, pnrticalarly whon it is
borne in mi ml that the attendant remuneration would average about 20 3-4
cents por hour. In contrast with the
averago laboring wago of threo to
threo and n half dollars for an oight-
hour day, tho lottor earriors look upon
their caso as one demanding effective
action if their conditions are to be improved to permit of honest living and
avoidanco of debt.
Copenhagen
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
ir SNUFF'''}%
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
10 SUB. CARDS $10, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
We're Men's Shoe Specialists
This store of good Shoes—the store where the very belt of
Men's Shoes always come from—will be appreciated more than
ever this fall when shoe prices are "up" and poor shoes are
plenty. .*. ;' ii
When we sell a man a pair of Shoes we sell him Shoes we
know all about; Shoes with an established reputation. Wc
take no chances on cheap, uncertain shoes.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STBEET
WE WILL KEEP YOUR FAMILY ON THE PAYROLL
WHEN YOUR NAME DROPS OFF
THE MONARCH LIFE ASSURANCE CO.
O. A. 0RY8DALE, Manager for B. C.
411 ROGERS BUILDING
Phone Sey. 6770 for appointment and we will arrange same for yonr
convenience.
&fye Federationist
ONLY LABOR-PAPER PUBLISHED IN B. C.
Vancouver Unionists' Quarter-of-Million Dollar
Building—The Home of the B. C. Federationist
An Interior View of the Office of The British
Columbia Federationist—Labor's Western Paper
Whar. Mi. wif.-urn.ri ot Brltlih Columbia |»th»r to dlicnu Good tnd W.l/.re
Wh.r* yet will flnd comptt.nt n.w.p.p«r men to moot yonr wants and answsr
your enquiries.
The B«fc Federationist
—the only paper published west of Winnipeg
in the interests of organized Labor—a Labor
newspaper in the fullest sense of the word-
published every Friday morning during the
past nine years.
—a regular newspaper, save that its entire space is
devoted to the interests of Labor or topics having a
direct or indirect bearing upon those who produce all
wealth but receive very little of it in return—a Labor
newspaper, assembled in the most up-to-date manner,
printed from a modern plant, carrying all the news
that is "news" in its particular field—the largest field
ever offered to the editor of any publication.
A Direct Medium
—through which the wide-awake merchant
can tell the merits of his wares to the payroll
class—the legitimate purchaser of his goods
today v
—a Labor "newspaper" the advertising columns of
which are as of great interest to members of organized
Labor as thc news columns of any publication could
possibly be—because the wage-workers of British Columbia are the aotual owners of The B. C. Federationist
—because the merchants and manufacturers who patronize The Federationist are those who are reaping the
benefits of immense turnovers of stocks to the buyers
who have the cash to pay for same — the men and
women on the payrolls
A Labor "Newspaper"
—with a circulation that has been increased
by more than three thousand bona fide individual subscriptions during the past three
months—built on the sure foundation of service—voicing the real live issues of the day
—Just a feature that The Federationist is developing
to meet the needs and requirements of organized Labor:
Sorvice—real Labor service—real advertising service
—in fact, the slogan of the entire staff is "aervice."
The Federationist goes to press, after most Britiah Columbians have gone to sleep, every Thursday night,
and Friday morning the postman delivers your Federationist to your home—"service"—ths real service
that gives you all the latest news in the world of
Labor.
The Business Man Who Knows
—patronizes and reads The Federationist,
where he learns the other side of the story,
the human side, the viewpaint of Labor.
"Show me the professional man, the preacher, the
doctor, the lawyer or the business man who is today
keeping abreast of the times, and I .will show you a
man who makes a constant study of Labor and economic conditions," said one of Vancouver's manufacturers recently. "I may take exception to some of your
. arguments, but in justice to myself I must continue to
read your paper and use its advertising columns as a
moans of introducing my wares to your people."
If You Are Not An Advertiser
—in The B. C. Federationist write or telephone for a sample copy and rate card—then
get your "story" to the members of organized
Labor through The Federationist.
The advertising department will gladly assist you in
the selection of suitable positions. The cost is possibly
lower than in any other medium of publicity when
quality of circulation is considered. The results are
satisfactory to the majority of Vancouver's leading
business men, and therefore should prove advantageous
to you, The circulation is growing rapidly enough to
pay you well on the investment, even without taking
customers away from your competitors who have appreciated the value of Federationist advertising for the
past nine years,
One Month's Trial Subscription Free
By the way of introduction, the Federationist
offers one month's subscription free—to any
one who will phone or write for same, irrespective of affiliations in the business or Labor
world.
Get the full meaning of the word "service." Drop
a card or call up the circulation manager at Seymour
7497. He will do the rest. If, after the trial period,
you &» not wish to continue a reader, you are under no
further obligation. But if you wish to remain a
reader, .just send along $2 for a year's subscription
. (when delivered in Vancouver City) or $1.50 if mailed
outside Greater Vancouver. If you are a member of a
Labor union, which does not already subscribe in a
body, get nine other members and yourself—a club oi
ten—and mail $1 each for a year's subscription to all.
Mr. Employer—Learn your employees' side of the story, as told through the columns of their own paper.
Mr. Trade Unionist—Read all your own paper, advertising included, and patronize those who patronize you.
Mr. Advertiser—Get the idea: Secure your regular advertising space in The Federationist and tell the merits
of your wares to the people who can and will purchase them, if your goods are right aricl the story is told
in the columns of Labors own paper—
The B.C. Federationist
405 Dunsmuir Street
LABOR TEMPLE BUILDING
R. PARM. PETTIPIECE, Managing-Editor
Phone: Seymour 7497 •RUIAL   PAPEE   VANCOUVra
hades aid laboe oounoil
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiAi urn warn—
mm nnuAnoi
11
RUE OOSp   I
Of  LIMB   I
|«NTHYEAR.   No. 44
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2, 1917
A Letter from our Carhartt Union
Factory in the West to
its Friends:
Your true Union support of our high-class goods, Union-
,. made and made here, makes us feel that in the matter of your
overalls we must warn you against profiteering and unfair
goods, just as much as we must be always careful that you can
absolutely depend on the garment on which Hr. Carhartt puts
his name and stakes his honor just as if he signed a cheque on
the bank.
A great many stores in the West are being tempted to buy
garments made from various grades of stifel material, by which
they are enabled to make immense profits on their sales to you.
On various occasions our own firm have been offered so-called
bargains in this class of cloth, but because Mr. Carhartt's name
is on every garment, and every garment carries his absolute
guarantee to be up to his high standard, he refused the chance
to make a big profit by using this material.
Make the Test for Yourself
If any dealer is short-sighted enough to offer you a garment
made out of stifel cloth, take a corner of the garment, wet it
thoroughly and rub it so as to wash the stuffing out of it.
This is a much easier treatment than if it were washed at the
laundry, but you will seo that even with this treatment a great
. deal of the apparent weight and quality of the material has
disappeared.
Our garments are all made from genuine woven cloth, and
■ will stand this or any other test that you caii put them to.
:They arc guaranteed toi give you satisfaction, and outside of
wear and tear and burning chemicals, they become closer
woven the more they arc washed, as there is no stuffing for
them to lose. If any flaw is found in our garments, we will
gladly give you a new one absolutely free of charge.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
ENTIRE EIGHTH FLOOR WORLD BUILDING
We put the Union Label on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen—
We do this as a guarantee that you have received the bost of workmanship throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and Utters have for years given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
were wearing clothes that At—clothes that were built for them. Bee
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. The prion on
our made-to-order Suits and foats are the lowest consistent with standard goods and expert workmanship.
M. LANGTRY
"TAILOB TO LADIES AND GENTLEMEN WHO CAEE"
322 — HASTINOS STBEET WEST — 922
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1S69. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bond.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, F C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
-   FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Treea and Shrubs, Pot Planta, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 288-672.
Branoh Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
DR. W. J. CURRY
301 DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINOS STREETS
BING UP SETMOUB 2354 FOB APPOINTMENT
Why Do Dentists Charge So Much?
q This question is of tou put to us and even if we don't tell them the
truth, it is ns well wo understand, the subject.
fj Tbis is often a serious mattor, for with the high cost of living, dentistry is already to the wage-earner with n family a luxury beyond reach.
(J Tho dentist is or should be a skilled mechanic, or even more. It
takes three or four years of training before he is legally qualified' to
hung out his shingle. Yot other mechanics, such as engineers, electricians, machinists, plumbers and carpenters nro equally important to
modern society, often require ns much skill, and as long apprenticeship.
Why thon does tho mechanic who repairs your natural teeth or makes
new ones, command wages, hour for hour, from twice to ten times the
amount paid other workersf "Oh!" suys a dentist, "I am a professional man, unit on n higher plane than tho mere mechanic." This is
true, and the difference is largely psychological. Thi; average dentist
moves in a higher circle. Ho dresses and feeds better and lives in a
better houso, usually the veranda, the lot and the mortgage on hiB house
is larger than those of tho common workor. Ho has gone to college, he
is called "doctor," or "doc." and this commands financial compensation,
t\\ Wo have an advantage over other mechanic?. Our business Is not
only skilled, but exclusive. There never yot has been enough dentistB to
keep pace with dental requirements, and it is a mattor of supply and demand. At tho same time it is largely a confidence proposition. You
know when your water tap or houso leaks, when your hair or whiskers
need attontion, and you know when the work is well dono, but you know
very littlo about your tooth or what is required to make thom right.
tJ Someone latoly told mo that somo specialists must uso their X-rays
to see tho sizo of their victim 'b wad. Not long ago a woman colled who
had juat cohie from a pyorrhea specialist. He had told her "she had it
badly," and it. would cost $75 for a cure. I examined her teeth carefully, and although they neodod donning, yot there was no trace of
pyorrhea, and a $5 treatment was all that was necessary.
•J Thore is always more or loss' mystery ond mysticism regarding tho
art of healing. At ono time the medicine man waB priest, doctor, dontist
nnd judge combined. A division of labor took place, but some of tho
mysteries of the old medicino man are still prominent. We ure not ob
"wise" as the doctor of medicine, of law or divinity; that is, people
know hioro about teeth than they do of prescriptions, precedents and
spooks, but still there is a lot of the people who do not know, and In .
proportion as the public Ib ignorant, the public has to pay for that ignorance, under our competitive system.
_   Next week I will show how legislation tends to keep up prices for
d*.ntiBtry.   We have a union, with a strong political pull.
0   P. 8.—Bead my letter to the editor: "Whom the gods would destroy
they flrst mak? mad."
j An Interesting Account of
the Big Gathering at
Blackpool
tuaS^o-T)     $1.60 PER YEAR ■
Fraternal Delegate D. Rees
Gives Good Account of
Proceedings
The following account of the main
features of the British Trades Union
Congress, held at Blackpool, Eng., in
September, will bring to Federatlonist
retders an idea of the spirit and temper of the big British labor movement,
as expressed by nearly 700 delegates
there assembled, as well as through the
speeches of such widely known labor
men as Mr, Arthur Henderson and
others. The report of Delegate Rees
is taken from the Beport of the Proceedings of tho Thirty-third Annual
Convention of the Trades and Labor
CongresB of Canada. It deserves careful perusal at the hands of our readers,
as it brings to us a view and concept
of the spirit of the old country labor
movement that is quite at variance
with that whieh is assiduously conveyed through the channels of the capitalist press. That there will be some
drastic remodelling of social and industrial affairs in Britain nfter tho olose
of the present war is more than presaged by much that is occurring in that
country now, and ■ considerable light
will be thrown upon the probable direction that such changes will take
through a careful reading of Delegate
Bees' report.
Beport of Fraternal Delegate to British
Trades Union Oongress.
To the Officers and Members of the
Canadian Trades and Labor Congress:
Ottawa, Sept. 27,1917.
The forty-ninth annual meeting of
the British Trades Congress opened at
the Palace Ballroom, Blackpool, on
Monday, Sept. 3. Thero were 692 delegates in attendance representing 235
trade unions, and ovor 3,000,000 members.
It is worthy of note that despite the
war, the membership of the congress
exceeded itB former highest record,
.which was attained last year with 073
delegates and 225,805 less membership.
The grandeur of the Palace Ballroom
waB freely commented upon as being
the finest building the congress had
ever met in—a tribute to Labor, in
ihat it now demands sufficient attention aad that the finest buildings in
the land are not considered too good,
bat rather the proper place for congresB to convene. By way of comparison, in order to further demonstrate
tho progress made by the congress:
Whon they met at Cardiff in 1895, 170
unions and 1,000,000 members were
represented. Last year at Birmingham
there were 227 unions with a membership of 2,850,000 represented, the actual
membership this year being 3,076,352,
A very representative gathering Bat
on the platform at the opening of congress, including tho mayor and mayoress of Blackpool, Arthur Henderson,
M.P,, representing the Labor party
.(who received quite an ovation); Mr.
James Lord, United Mine Workers; Mr.
J. GoTden, United Textile Workers,
representing the American Federation
of Labor. Colonel Cresswell, leader of'
the South African Labor Party; Mr.
W. Gregory representing the Co-operative Union, and' the writer, representing the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada.
The mayor in wolcimong the delegates spoke in a very practical way
and demonstrated during the week by
his attendance at congross and different
functions, and tho general interest dis*
playod that his utterances were sincere.
Among other things, he expressed the
hope that congress would meet on its
jubilee year (next year) under happier
circumstances, the war cloud huving
been swept nway. Said expreBBion was
very sincerely endorsed during the week
by u number pf speakers.
After tho customary formal addresses, the president, J. Hill, handed
tho gavel to Vice-president H. Gosling,
in order that tbe address of the president bo read. The address was an excellent one and was very well read
und ruccived. I herewith desire to
quote a few excerpts from his address:
"Year after year wc unanimously
puss certain resolutions, such as 'Tho
Eight-hours Day,' 'Nationalization of
Industry,' 'Educational Policy,' and
'Franchise Reform.' Wo are agreed
as to the need of reforms. Your committees approach the ministers concerned, or wo introduce a bill. The minis-
ter promises his immediate attention,
or the house sympathetically tulks the
bill out of existence. We report to you
our progress—or lack of progress, and
yoa proceod to pass the same resolutions, with the same speeches of previous years.
"I hope it has dawned upon our
movement that something more than
resolutions are required to obtain reforms, and that horo and now you will
decide upon methods of carrying your
resolutions into effect. The promotion
of bills Is not a hopeful occupation,
and the worn-out method of going cap
in hand to ministers should be buried
with the battl-axes und bows-and-
arrows of Plantagonet England."
Under tho heading of Beconstruction
wo find tbe following:
Vnrious government departments
are now concerning themselves with
schemes of after-the*wur reconstruction
of Industry. Last yenr .my predecessor
called attention to tho millions of mon
and women who, on the conclusion of
peace, will be suddenly paid off and
cust adrift on the labor market. There
will be thousands of masterlesB taen
and womon, without land or capital of
their own by which to apply their labor to find a livelihood. During the
war we have been slowly lading out
that capitalism is a failure, and nation,
al necessity compelled the itate to intervene ia many spheres of finance and
industry. It was found necessary to
change our system of production-for-
profit to productlon-foruM.    If   this
change waa found necessary for supplying the quality and quantity of
material necessary for war, is it not
also necessary if we are ever to have
the quality and quantity of useful
things for our happiness in the daya
of peaeet"
Let thoae who have no fault to find
with the old prewar system seriously
ponder over the queition asked. Tke
following, eipeclally the latter part of
it, was very well received:
"General Smuts deelares that thia
war has been brought about by 'ambition, stupidity, and human greed,' and
adds, 'If we can give one-hundredth
part or the time to the consideration of
schemes of peace whioh We have given
to war, then you will never aee war
again on earth.'
"It is atill true that democracy is
more likely to be brought about by industrial leaders of all countries than
by any other means. Who brought democracy to thia country, to France, to
America, and to Buasiat The leaders
of common men in these countries, aided by the cdmmon men who struggled,
and preached, and practised these principles in all countries of the world.
Domocracy is not the gift of kings or
governments. It can sever be achieved
by military effort alone. In this war,
as in all wars, we kill a hundred democrats for every one autocrat. War il
the negation of democracy whether we
win or Iobo. The denial of the right of
allied democracy to meet the common
peoples of all countries for the propagation and establishment of a world democracy is contrary to the declared
views of the allied governments."
I morely quote part of his subsection
on war:
"Of the imperialistic and annexationist aims ascribed to us by our
enemies, we, at least know nothing, and
we are still prepared to repudiate them.
It is not for king's ambitions and capitalists' exploitation that oar sons havo
laid down their lives, and we at home
havo suspended our cherished rights and
liberties whilst we toiled long and
dreary days and nights to produce tho
material necessary for success. Our
quarrel is not with working men and
women of Germany, but with a system and a government which haa
created fear and suspicion in Europe,
and burdened the peoples with armn*
ments and the means of war."
Upon the conclusion of the president's address a vote of thanks was
moved by Delegates Whitcfleld and
Jack Jones, who spoke vory appropriately of the president's effort. During
the afternoon, it was expected that the
question of the Stockholm Conference
would be discussed, but routine matters were taken up and "Stockholm,"
as it waa dubbed, was left for Tuesday
morning. The workers of Great Britain were very much divided on the
question of going to Stockholm, and it
developed that the congresB parliamentary committee were also divided, but
to their credit, be it said, despite the
marked divergent views of Smilio and
Thorn and their respective adherents,
they (the committee) got together on
a compromise resolution, which was on
Tuesday submitted to congress, and
moved by Smilie, seconded by Thorn:
(This was by far tbe most important
question before congress. Consequently I feel justified inHiftftnitting the
fall resolution.)
"The Stockholm Conference.
"We have to report that on the 25th
of July lost, your committee passed a
resolution that the Trados Union Congress ought to take its proper share in
convening and participating in all in-
ternationnl lubor gatherings. Following this resolution, we received from
tho Labor party a communication to
the effect tbat a national conference
would be held in the 10th of August
to consider the advisability of British
labor and socialist organizations being
represented nt the proposed Stockholm
conference. We decided to accept the
invitation to be present, nnd further
decided tbat in the event of the Labor
Party conference agreeing to be represented at Stockholm we would, subject to the approval of tho Trades
Union Congress, elect eight delegates.
At the conference on the 10th of August, the decision to bo represented at
Stockholm was carried by a vory large
majority, but at the adjourned conference on the 21st August the motion,
wns carried by a majority of only 3,000.
"We were oIbo invited to take part
in the Inter-allied conference on the
28th and 29th of August, and at that
conference, Russia, Belgium, France,
Italy, Portugal, Greece, South Africa,
and Great Britain were represented.
Your committee wob represented by
eight delegates. Thc conference sot up
two commissions to report as to business—(1) the Stockholm conference,
(2) the general war aims of the Allies.
The Stockholm commission reported in
favor of the proposed conference, and
proteatcd against the non-issue of passports; but while there was general
agreement on tho latter point, unanimity could not bo secured -on thc first.
The second commission prepared a number of divergent rcportB, and it waB
mude abundantly clear that there wns
no possibility of agreement. Wo have
also to call attention to a paragraph
in the report of the Stockholm commission wblch woald hnvo provided for the
representation of minorities in a way
contrary to that luid down by the
Labor Party conference.
"In view of the divergence of opinion, wo have come to the conclusion
that a conference at Stockholm at tho
presont moment could not be successful, and in the light of nil the circumstances wc toako tho following recommendations:
"1. We recommend thnt the parliamentary committee attempt in every
possiblo way to secure general agreement of aim nmong the working classes
of the Allied nations, jis, in our opinion, this is a fundamental condition of
u  successful international  conference.
"2. We nro strongly of opinion tbat
an international lubor nnd socinlist conference would bc of the grcntest Bervice and is a necessary preliminary to
tbe conclusion of a lnsling nnd democratic peace, and we ^recommend thnt
the Trade Union Congress parliamentary committee be empowered to assist
to arrange and take part in such a conference.
"3. We think thnt the participation
of the Trade Union Congress should
be subject to the* conditions outlined
In recommendation (1) and to the
further condition that the voting
•hould be by nationalities, sectional
bodies withia nationalities to be gov*
erned by the mnjority of that nationality, or altereativcly thnt each section
should be given voting powers uccor*
(Continued on Puge 0.)
TO THE OTTAWA
CONGRESS
W. R. Trotter Give Synopsis
of Proceedings and
Deliberations
Many   Important Matters
Discussed and Ably
Handled
The Federationist bus already published some impressions of tho recent
Ottawa convention of the Trades and
Labor Corfgrees of Canada, based upon
information and impressions furnished
by President Joseph Naylor of the B.
O. Federation of Labor, who attended
as the delegato of Vancouver Island
locals of the U. M. W. of A. At last
Sunday's meeting of Vancouver Typographical union, W. R. Trotter, who re-
presented No. 226 at the same convention, presented the following report to
the membership:
Beport of Delegate
To the Officers and Members of Typographical Union, No. 226:
The Ottawa convention of the Trades
and Labor Oongress of Canada, which
was in session from September 17 to 22
inclusive, figures as the 33rd Dominion
Congress. The roll of delegates contained the names of 288 credential led
members, including two fraternal dele*
gates (one from the A. F. of L. and one
from the British Congress), 25 representatives of international unions, two
from provincial federations, 41 from
trades and labor councils, and 218 from
local trade unions. 1 noted that some
21 members of the International Typographical anion were among the delegates on the floor.
The importance of the convention of
a congress which is the legislative
mouthpiece *of the Canadian worker, is
at all times obvious, but never more so
than this year, when there were three
years' of experience to work upon, and
when such important legislation as the
Military Service Act and the War-time
Elections Act were under immediate
discussion everywhere in the Dominion.
Generally it is the resolutions committee which carries the heaviest load,
but this year the work fell principally
upon the committee on officers' reports.
The report of the executive council
alone consisted of 22 clauses covering:
(1) Interviews with the government;
(2) registration for national service;
(3) industrial conscription and the Lemieux Act; (4) the pronouncement of
organized workers on war problems,
which was a report of the special con
vention of international unionists at
Ottawa from June 1 to 4 of this year;
(5) the prime minister and conscription; (6) the war; (7) conscription;
(8) high cost Af living; (9) independent
Labor party; (10) Congress headquarters; (1.1) commission on industrial relations; (12) Vancouver Labor Temple;
(13) injunctions; (14) Workmen's compensation; (15) War-time Elections
Act; (16) purchase of C. N. R. company's assets; (17) soldiers' pensions
and allowances; (18) miners' situation
in the east; (19) conference of Labor
representatives of Allied powers; (20)
control of food supplies; (21) Imperiul
munitions board and workmen's wages;
(22) mipthers and old age pensions.
The comment of the executive council
under these heads occupied forty pngeB
of tbe proceedings, so tbnt witb the
resolutions pertaining to these subjects,
together with provincial and other reports, the committee dealing with
these and the convention itself had an
experience which is the very reverse
of that daily and nightly round of pleasure which some workers imagine an
annual convention to consist of. The
convention sat from Monday to Saturday evening, with two evening sessions
included.
The debnto upon the Military Service
Act was the biggest feature of the convention, and occupied four sessions before being decided. Thc executive
council's report on this question was as
follows:
In 1915 the Trades and Lnbor Congress of Canada, nt the annual convention held in Vancouvor, declared nn unqualified opposition to conscription ns n
method of militnry enlistment. Lnst
year, at Toronto, the Bame resolution
wns re-affirmed, in nil its emphasis.
Since then tbe question of conscription
for Canada has agitated thc public
mind to an unprecedented degree. Sections of the press and numerous public
bodies have argued strongly in favor of
the adoption in Canada, at this juncture of that method of securing men to
fill the ranks of tho Cnnndinn forces for
overseas service. In fact, within the
past few months, the iBsue hns been beforo parliament, nnd n most drnstic
mensure, in that connection, bus been
debated nnd carried through the commons and senate. Thnt mensure is now
Inw nnd, ns such, contains provisions
thnt impose heavy penalties upon nil
nnd sundry wbo make use nf nny form
of opposition to tho principle tbat
might, frustrate thc carrying into effect
of tho net now in existence. While
tho Congress cannot stultify itself to
tho degree of either withdrawing or
contrndicting /this year its firm nnd
carefully thought out views on tbe
question of conscription, ns embodied
in the resolutions of 1915 nnd 1910, still
under our representative form of government, it is not deemed either right,
pntriotic or in thc interests of the Dominion or of the Labor classes, to sny
or do might thnt might prevent the
powers tbnt be from obtaining nil the
results thnt they anticipate from the
enforcement of such law.
The committee on officers' reports recommended tho substitution of a new
paragraph thv reaffirmation of opposition to conscription, ns follows:
"Still under onr prosent form of
government, we do n»t deem it right,
pntriotic or in the--interests of the
Lnbor movement or thc Dominion of
Canada, to say or do nnything that
might prevent the government of
Cnnnda from obtaining tho result they
nnticipnto in the raising of reinforcements for" the C. E. forces by the enforcement of the law. This Congress is
(Continued on page 6)
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osescatric PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT November 2, 1917
IB. I! J
PubUshod avery Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Templo, 406 Dunsmuir St.
Tel Exchango Seymour 7496
Alter 6 p.m.: Sejr. 74S7K
Subscription: 11.50 per year; in Vancouver
City. $2.00; to unions subscribing
ln  a  body,   $1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Weitminetor W. y»te», Box 1021
Princo Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wella, Box 15S8
^-m^
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the
World"
FRIDAY...
2, 1917
TO THAT brilliant galaxy of labor
loadors who under the astute generalship   of   Samuel Oompers,   is
doing all it cun to deliver tho rank
und die of labor, completely shackled
nnd   suitably docile,
THE NEXT into tho hands of tho
AOT IN most   impudent   end
THE TRAGEDY, unsufferable reaction
that   over   gambled
with the liberties of a people and spat
upon thpir  domocracy,*  to  the  stupid
rank and Hie that is allowing itself to
be led to its own undoing   by   boing used as the chief instrument in the
complete destruction of its own poor
freedom and democracy; to that mediocre and execrable press that has the
conscienceless gall to masquerade in the
■mme of   democracy   while  zealously
boosting every scheme either military,
financial or political that is calculated
to emasculate the Labor movemont and
reduce the wage slaves of today to tho
condition of servile submission to autocratic authority and the brutalities
and miseries of merciless exploitation,
.       that inarkod tho reign of the undent
chattel slave empires of other days, the
following, from a recent editorial in
the Washington Post, should be especially dedicated. It is a public acknowledgment of the glorious work they are*
doing in making democracy so safe
throughout the world that every slave
upon this continent will bear eloquent
testimony to the fact, by either wearing the military or the industrial garb
of abject slavery in the service of tho
most reckless and impudent class of
profit  mongering  labor  skinners  and
commercial sandbaggers and brigands
over recorded in history.
»      »      »
"The   labor   problem   comes   on
apace.   It cannot be dodged.   Congress must face it and master it.
When   1,000,000 consoriptod American boys are facing bullets in France,
their fathers and brothers will not
tolerate a condition  at homo that
might mean the useless slaughter of
the soldiers.   The nation will domand
that able bodied men shall be conscripted for labor, each according to
his ability and training.   This labor
will wear the uniform of the United
States.    Laboring men will be the
foremost in making this demand for
universal liability to industrial Bervice because this system will insure
a square deal to labor.   Under the
selective draft of labor the United
States government ean easily build
6,000,000 tons of shipping every year,
or even twice that amount."
»      *      »
When sueh pronouncements are made
by no leas an authority than tho capi*
talist press, and when it is well-known
that the policy therein hinted at is di
rectly in line with that of military
conscription itself, and that policy has
been approved by the so-colled labor
leaden, their fulsome press, and has
not beon repudiated by the dull and
dumb rank and file, the glorious prospects lying just ahead, should bring joy
to the heart of every slave who is truly
patriotic and expect! salvation from
the saddle galls of his slavery at the
hands of the govornment, he so* loyally
supports in itB struggles in his behalf.
Every advocate of government ownership as a highway to the millenium,
should hail with glad  acclaim, both
military and industrial conscription, for
therein lies all there is or can bo to
government ownership. And why should
not the latter follow the former!   Why
should the slave who welcomes tho abnegation of all democracy by 'hailing
the advent of tailitary sorvitudo, offer
any sorious objection to industrial conscription and ut the same rate of payt
If he ia endowed with reason, he should
voluntarily   admit   that  tho  military
slave is the one who should havo tho
larger pay, inasmuch as his is by far
the more dangerous service.   If he is
not sufficiently   endowed  with reaaon
and a sense of fairness to grnnt tho
contention without coercion, ne should
be compelled to accept.   And he may
rest   assured   that  the   governmental
guardians of hie democracy and liborty
will eventually soe that he ia ao compel
led.   Boing a patriot and strictly loyal,
bow can ho consistently object!   Having gladly accepted thc proud privilege
of being conscripted for the only purposo a slave was ovor armed, that of
buttressing nnd bulwarking tlie regime
■of his masters, why should he not with
-equal joy accept similar conscript servitude in industry for tho snmo noblo
purpose?   So long as his vision extends
no farther thnn a govornment of by
and for his masters, and n slavo 's job
under it for himsolf anil his class, far
be it from The Fodorationiat to evon
nttompt  to  pour  gall  and  wormwood
into tho cup of joy that so sweetens
his intellectual repast.
• * *
And there iB no question about the
"square dual" that labor will got at
the hands of government, once the
proui industrial conscripts are safely
enBconced in the "uniform" of the
stato. Slaves have always experienced
the samo sort of a "square deal," sinco
the most glorious institution of slavery
waa born. Oround into plunder in
times of poace and shot to hell in timca
of war, nil for tho gratification and
glorification of rulers and masters, vilified, outraged, lied about, spat upon,
persecuted, cheated and robbed, in season end out of season, his existence hna
boon a continual round of Bordid pov-
orty and vulgar misory, thnt could unt
h'ave boen forced upon him by any
other means thnn that of government.
The "square doal" he gots and alwaya
will get at the hands of government, is
tho square deal of his conscienceless
nnd brutal exploiters and hmstora. To
bold him to that "aquaro donl"ifl the
object and purpose of every institution
and movomont within modern Bocioty,
that exists by nnd with the npproval of
government. And this by no moans excludes those so-called labor movements
that aro nursed aid nurtured by the
powers of tho atate.   Stick a pin there,
you sona of toil who aro still so blind
as to follow your much touted leaders
wherever they chooBe to lend, without
so much aa questioning their_ motives,
taking note of tho interests with which
they are continually in counsel or heeding the danger signals upon every
hand, that warn you of tho pitfalls
anfi qungmires in tho pathway of such
folly. 	
Law—the highest form of despotism,
falsehood ond violence ia tho establishment by some people of a law which
must not bc discussed by the othor
people and which must bc accepted by
thom.—Tolstoy.
It is an easy matter for a baldhcodcd
and toothless old pntriotic blatherskite
to apply the epithet "slacker" to those
of military age. It also is safe. Likewise for females, either of floppor stock
or of ancient vintage.
In tho Lyall shipyards there were 11
casualties on Monday of this woek. On
Tuesday there woro but 5, including
one fatality. Nay, nay Pauline, thc
Lyall shipyards ar** not on thc Flanders
front. They nro located at North Vancouvor, B., C.
All wealth measured in tcrma of exchange, is produced solely by tho labor
of human beings. Tho workers—-tho
producers of weulth—own nothing outside of few personal belongings. And. still we are told
that thoy the paid in full for
by the labor they oxpend in production.
If so, what are thoy paid with, nnd
what haB becomo of thnt which they
have received in the wny of payment!
Federal Judge Dickinson of Philadelphia has ruled that the "military authorities aro supreme in tho determination of eligibles for the national army,
and thnt the federal courts cannot interfere." This heads off attempts of
drafted aliens to obtain writs of habcus
corpus for their immediate reloase from
the nrmy. Philudolphia is in tho state
of Pennsylvania and not in Prussia, aB
somo might suppose Thus ono by one
tho outposts of autocracy are falling
before the impetuous assaults of tho
new "democracy.
An exchange says that a certain nntion engaged in the present world war
"ia heuded for bankruptcy." Now
this may bo true, but why specify! If
any one nation in the scrimmage ia
headed for bankruptcy, by what token
are the others to escape e aimilar fate?
In spite of all pretense of financial
soundness to.'the contrary notwithstanding, there is a limit beyond which
no nation can go in the mntter of indebtedness, without meeting with bankruptcy and financinl wreck, just us
there is a safety limit to the financinl
adventures of nn individunl. It does
not require much" financial perspicacity
to see that.
The Ottawa Citizen says, editorially,
that "Tho German peoplo want pence
and will havo it." Woll, if any ef
them are so unpatriotic and cowardly
as to give voice to such wicked desires,
The FederationiBt not only hopes, but
urges upon the Gorman govornment,
that they bo seized by tho mob, and
taken into the country nnd horse-whipped, as was done with Bev. Bigelow in
Kentucky (which is a part of democratic America) or chased into sacred Bil-
enco as was Mrs. Philip Snowden in
good old liberty-loving Englnnd the
other day. If Germany is to be democratized according to tho British and
American plan, let us all insist that it
be thoroughly done and done right.
Tho coal miners of castorn Kentucky
and Tennossee have won their 18 yoars'
flght for "collective bargaining." The
settlement includeB the right to belong
to the union, wnge increase, checkwelghmen and an nrbitratlon board
that will pass upon thc quostion of
shorter hours. And thus it may be
seon, that "peace hath its victories, no
less renowned than war.'' And nlso tho
heroic achievements of warriors upon
the bloody field of battle, pale to insigt
nifieance alongside of those won upon
tho' intellectual fiold in the gloriouB
struggle for "justice." Oh, snered
"right" to bargain and to bog. Tho
millenium dawns. Tho gates of tho future are ajar. Another victory like that
and they will bc torn from their hinges
nnd the hole bo nailed up. Labor omnia
vincit.
>^uaa^<..
Tho anarchist publication. Mother
Earth, odited by Emma Goldman, has
been excluded from the United StateB
mails by order of PostmuBter-general
Burleson, thc big Texas landlord, whom
divine providence nnd the fortunes of
bourgeois politics hath appointed to sit
iu judgement upon that which tho common people shall road and thc thoughts
they shall bo allowed to think and express. In regard to the exclusion of her
publication from tho mails of his majesty, the Kaiser of Plunderland, Miss
Goldman says: "Under the 'Truding
With the Enemy Act,' tho postmaster-
general has become thc absolute dictator ovor the press. Not only is it impossible now for any publication with
character to be circulated through thc
muiU, but every other channel, such as
express, freight, news-stands, and even
distribution lias been stopped. Aa
Mother Earth will not comply with
those regulations and will not appear in
an emasculated form, it prefers to tnke
a long-needed refit until the world has
regained its sanity."
Tn some of the printed matter so
kindly sent to this office by Mr. Ham.
Gompors' American Alliance for L-abor
and Democracy, tho following gem
from President Wilson appears: "This
is a war for freedom and Justice, a war
to mako tho world safe for tho peoples
who live upon it." In viow of tho fact
thnt Mr. Gompers refuscH to disclose
the source from, which conies thc financial strength that makes possible tho
noble efforts of his precious Alliance to
furnish the press with stuff bo obviously inspired by reaction and an nspiring
autocracy, that no sano disciple of democracy would insult his cause by using
it, aud judging from the experience of
Frank Little at Butte, of the victims of
the San Francisco ''frumo-up, of the
multitude that hns been already arrested and jailed becauso of their opinions
in regard to matters of government, and
the war, of the "Whito House Pickets," of tho Rev. Bigelow of Cincinnati
and a thousand other similar events
thnt might truthfully be mentioned, it
would appear that safety measures
along the line suggested would not bo
nltogothcr inappropriate. Just a triflo
mofo safety would doubtless be appreciated by tho victims of the present
world rash towards autocracy anil tho
rejuvenation of the tyrannies and hor-
rorB of the past. Tn fact quite a aum-
ber of persona ar» rather inclined to
deplore tho mnnifost triumph of Prussian "kultur" upon this western continent.
'SSS^
fEDEPATIONIST
"Ginger"  Goodwin's Stie-up.
Editor B. C. Fodoratioimt: What is to become of tlio present capitalist system of
production and distribution 1 Tbere ire signs
on the horizon that portend of baste and
fundamental changes in the future. Just at
what time this is to be, there is no telling,
but if the circumstances to which the master
class are resorting to are considered it seems
us if the end Ib in Bight. When we begin
to study the measures that the capitalists
aro adopting in the various belligerent nations to finance the present war, and judging
how the finances are gathered, and from
whence thuy come, in order that the commodities can be circulated and the war be
prosecuted, there is every indication that the
lireakdown is in Bight.
Tho prosecution of this war {notwithstanding that our mastorB would havo us believe
that It is for democracy and freedom) Is
profitable for the magnates of modern capitalism, and their patriotism will not wane
as long as the lucre (profits) Alters Into
their possession. We have, in this country,
the politicians telling the pooplq to bend
every effort to tho winning of the war, if
thoy are to be saved from tho "devilish
Hun." And theae same politicians are getting away with a lot of this bunk to the
end that tho workor will yield overy laat
thing ho possesses to aid his master in the
prosecution of the war. Whilo there is the
cry for another war loan from the people
that make up the population of Canada (to
keep the good work going), it might be of
benefit to us if we consider how and whero
the money that Is raised is Anally going to
land.
Despite the oratorical gabfests of these
politicians that are booming tm-ir guns for
a win-the-war policy, and that Canada will
havo to yield her every effort, it la plain
to bo seen that their cry is in harmony with
the dominant interests of the Dominion.
That thore is an effort on the part of those
that aro away from the pie-counter (Lib*
orals) to get there, it must bo understood
only half of theae shysters can be seated at
one time, and it matters not to the workers
of Canada which bunch it is that are at the
table. That whether they be Liberal or
Conservative makes no difference to the
workers, for the policy of the two parties
is fundamentally the same, and that is not
to meddle with tbe present regime of capitalism and its system of exploiting the wage
slaveB.
It is essential to the manufacturing interests of this country to see to it that
there Is to bo money for tno sale of the
wares that are necessary to keep up the
war, then the question is to aeo to It that
monoy be raised in Canada so that the Industries can be kept running, this being imperative on account of Britain having no
finances to purchase munitions from the
Dominion. England has been drained of her
financial strength and had to be succored
by tho United States In the way of loans,
but only on condition that she (England)
had something to offer in return for the
loans granted. It Is common knowledge
that English capitalists holding American securities had to let these go so that the loans
could be made; furthermore, the workers
of the old land have boen weaned of their
paltry savings In return for war bonds bo
that the industrial operation of the munition plants could be kept going, and tho
profits flow into the war-mongers' pockets.
As a result of the inability of the British
government to purchase munitions In Canada, and the fact that the United States,
nn making Britain loans, requests that munitions be bought in the United States, shod*
light on what effect it will make to the respective classes that compose the population
of Canada. Tho munition manufacturers who
are In tho game for profits, can not, by any
means, let tho "old mother" have munitions unless there is that something in return which will yield delight to their hearts
by having legitimate security agalnat being
rained. To the amall fry (petty bourgeois)
that have made a littlo pile as a result of
the "prosperity" of the country and tho
morry hum of the industry, enabling the
workers to spend more monoy for the necessities of life, for the steady employment
of the' worker has been in keeping with the
demand for the munitions of war. This
class Is very difficult tn convince (that have
been enjoying this condition) that there are
snd days in store for them, for in the competition of their daily lives In the war they
could not foresee that it is simply the abnormal circumstances that allow them to have
the privileges'which they have been getting.
The money realized has been banked and
war bonds bought with their surplus cash,
thinking that theee bonds can be realised
In cold cash, at any time that is demanded.
That tho property possessed by the small
fry does not amount to much, and Ib only
of importance when thero Ib plenty of work
for the slaves that Bpend their paltry earnings with this same class. They are to be
rudely awakened from the trance they have
been In for this past few years and tt will
cause alarm for a little whilo until they get
accustomed   to   It.
Now we arrive at the position of the slave
class that has no means—only the power to
work for wages (and who, one would think,
ought to get the kindly consideration of the
captains of industry, for their generous and
unselfish devotion to tho interests of theie
same robbers). While the workeri have
heen speeding in the factonoi and In the
fields yielding increased amounts of commodities and surplus values to their misters,
their conditions of employment have become
more and more Intolerable and their wages
have decreased in comparison with the Increase of price of the fodder required for
the reproduction of that energy to go Into
the fields and factories to keep up production and distribution.
In spite of the treatment of the slaves
of industry at the hands of their masters
in Canada, they are asked to tighten in the
belt some more, eat moro sparingly, buy
war-bonds from the government of the country that the skinning process might be kept
up to the limit. The workers are asked
to subscribe to another war loan, this to be
usod for the purchase of munitions in "our"
Canada, so that the industries can bo kept
running for the last fraction of profit to
he derived from the operation. That it Is
tho last resort of thc exploiters of labor
to filch every nickel from the workers in
their mad endeavor to finance the war In a
profitable manner, and when that hai been
done the end is not fir off. Though this
war loan might be Bubserlbod to over tho
amount that it Is called for, the inevitable
collapse of the war through the Inability
to finance It becomrs moro evident dally,
nnd continue only by the assistance of the
United  Stntes,  bears out thc statement.
Wnr is simply a part of the process of
capitalism, and It nei-di* money in the carrying-out of the exchange of the commodities
rssnntial' to Its prosecution. .No matter how
much flat money nr paper is Issued to try
and relieve tlie situation, the contradiction
that monoy (gold) In Insufficient to curry
on tbe war through tbis very fnct. And
whilo It is not tlie intention of the writer
lo go Into the various functiotiR of gold, It
must bo bome in mind, gold ts the limits-
lun.-il medium of exchange and recognlitnd
lbe world over. In tlie destruction of property hy the hundreds ut millions of dollars
by the ravages of wnr, tbnt bonds Issued ou
such occasion nre worthless. The only bond
worth while Is that which will guarantee
the bolder the privilege nf exploiting slaves.
And when the persons Unit ere holding war
bonds go to cash them it will he with chng-
rln nnd auger that they realize it was n
had investment. The old saying that "you
pay to learn" is evidently correct, whether
it ho with lives or money. The Morgans,
Rockefeller!, Rothschilds and other big fllisn-
clni interests are playing the game, and It
is tliey that will reap the Victory, no matter
how the war ends. It will hu the law of
tho concentration nf capital Into fower bands
strangling the life nut of tho smaller capitalists in tho process of creating a smaller
number, but more powerful ninster clnss,
than was before. Whether tbe capitalist
system can survive tbls cataclyism remains
to bo seen. It is the hope of tho writer
that capitalism will fang Itself to death,
and out of its enrenss spring tho life ot
the now nge with Its blossoms of economic
freedom, happiness and joy for thc world's
workors.
A. GOODWIN.
Trail, B. C, Oct. 20.  1017.
knights who iurround King Arthur's table
and who have in a moment of weakness
greaBed their own palms, or UBed shovels to
scoop  wealth  out  of  tne  public   treasury.
Our ' loving subjects, when reporting
speeches of the premier during the coming
tour, instead of giving actual words of interrupters, auch as "Kniserl" "Prussian-
iamt" "Autocrat!" etc, will merely state
In parenthesis (a voice in the audience.).
Our loving subjects comprising all patronage committees, conservative associations,
and political pimps from the highest official
down to the most degraded road boss who
has been in the habit of selling his soul for
a job; are hereby notified aud advised that,
although patronago has been officially abolished (sine die), no cup of cold water given
in the saored name of patriotism and the
Borden Union shall pass unrewarded. This
is the barest justice and IB not to bo confused with the raw dispensation of patronage hlthorto practised by the liberal party.
It la tho Intention of the govornment that
tbe shackles of Prussian militarism be padded with ellk In order not to chafe the necks
of onr loving subjects, Thus giving them
convincing proof of the great difference between the blunt and ruthless methods uf the
kaiser compared with the soft and snake-
like, efforts of the democratic (1) union government to achieve the ssme purpose. It Is
tho difference between shooting a wild horse
In the nape of tho neck In order to rope
him, and approaching him with a pan of
oata tn one hand whilst the soft noose of
silk is hidden dlscrcutly behind the back
It might sometimes bo necessary for us
to come down with the hand of authority
on somo of our loving subjects but If sueh
a deplorable event muBt happen, we intend
at all tlmea to be guided by the high principles of tho great iinak Walton who said:
"When placing a live frog on the hook,
handle him as though you loved him."
Our loving subjects cm rest assured thlt
we will handle thein right because we believe
that the safety not only of the empire but
of civilization depends upon the safe return
to power of the Union government.
—God Help tho Borden Union.
GEO. F. STIRLING.
Oct. 30, 1017.
citizens on elected bodies in proportion to
their voting strength.
For the flnt time, Labor, as a substantial
group, will have the opportunity of, placing
its selected representative or representatives
on the olty council. Labor can elect one
or two or three or four—in exact proportion
to Us voting strength—no more no less, Any
other group or element ean do the same.
There are no favors shown by P. R. No-
bod" has the "edge" on any one else. One
man's vote is worth exactly as much aa another voter's—in voting power. (No reference intended to its ''financial" value.)
"P. R." is absolutely fair and juat to all
parties and to all men.
The scheme works easily and fairly In
practice. The elector's task is quite simple.
All he has to do Is to mark the figure 1
opposite the name of his first choice; the
figure 2 opposite the name of his second
choice, and so on, expressing as many preferences as he chooses, Here is a typical
ballot validly marked:
Mark   Order
of
Preferences
In Spaces
Below
CANDIDATE
2
Anderson
Brown
1
Cooper
3
Fisher
4
Jones
Lang
5
Morriion
6
Thomas
Wilson
What's In a Name?
Editor B, G*. Federationist: We Undoratftnd
the following order has been Issued from tlie
throne by the Borden administration to all
editors not otherwise suppressed or jailed:
Onr loving subjects nre requentod not to use
the   word  c n   any   more,   but  to  use
in Its pluce tho phrase "selective draft,"
(This, of course, doos not prevent the free
use of the word conscription when referring
to the Prussian variety.?
As tlie eleetion campaign approaches we
would humbly suggest that It might be a
good scheme for the Borden government to
issue farther orders in tho form of the following nuggeBtions:
Manifesto:
In referring to bacon, tho Ross rifle, or
the Sam Hughes shovel, our loving suhjecls
are expected In tbo Intorests of ihe Borden
union nnd democracy, to refrain from such
words as "pig," "irrafter," and "parasite," but to uso Instead, somo snch phrase
as "the temporary dimming of the stent*
eheon of the Kntithis ef Gladness." Th s
will be siffioiont punishment fer ths neble
Whom tha Gods Would Destroy Ihey Made
Mad.
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: Why are the
authorities everywhere suppressing freo
speech and permitting and encouraging mobs
to break up peace meetinga t This question
Is helng asked everywhere. In Everett, last
November, a mob of "respectable" citlsens
tired a volley from repeating rifles into a
boatload of mill workers who were insist-
on their rights ot free speech. Last Monday's Province described the kidnapping and
outraging of the pastor of the People'B
Church of Cinclnattl by the thugs of plutocracy for daring to oppose war and for representing the true gospel of the Prince of
Peaee, who was also a victim of military
fanatics.
Tet we are told the rulers havo reason
and right on their side and they entered the
conflict "in the Interests of humanity." The
wise men of Canada tell us that. conscription and disfranchisement of the opponents
of the junker claaa of Canada are measures
"in tbe intorests of democracy," and when
we dispute their claims our speakers are
arrested and shut up In a loathsome jail.
All the synods and assemblies of our Canadian churches, all our learned doctors of
divinity and law say so. The great dally
newspapers and the magazines say so, the
professors and teachers in our colleges and
schools and the politicians and professional
classes say so; so It must be so. Yet these
same mighty intellects arc apparently afraid
of discussing the Issues. They will not
moot their opponents ln debate and they will
not open the columns of their press to their
intellectual opponents. They have suppressed the publication of numerous socialist
papers in America, and Labor papers are
not permitted to enter the "democracy" from
the Mother Country and Australia. To be
caught reading Pearson's magaslne, published by a Britisher, Frank Harris, ln
New York, the penalty is jail and $5,000
flne. We learn from the press that numerous professors in the great American universities have been expelled and others are
np for the crime of opposing war and expressing an opinion in opposition to American plutocracy oaterlpg the war.
They have pointed to the flnanclal "nigger
In the woodpile,'' aiid have dared to tell
their students what they already know, via.,
that America did not enter "the war for
democracy" or the invasion of Belgium or
the sinking of the Lusitania, but only when
her trade In shot and shell to kill Germans
was Interfered with. Besides, Uncle Ssm,
being a shrewd business man, must see that
his big creditors come out on top, else what
is his security for cash, commodities and
"moral sympathy" worth.
Why 1b lt that if the great material, intellectual and spiritual powers of this country are correct, brute force is resorted tol
We would suppose that the spokesman of
patriotism aud freedom eould easily defeat
these poor. Ignorant fanatics who oppose
war and the Pruislanlsilng of Canada and
America "In order to make the world safe
for democracy." If they have patriotism
and righteousness, God Almighty and al) the
holy angels with them as they claim, why
should they use brute force against their
puny adversaries!
Why should a mighty giant he afraid to
meet a miserable dwarf in tho presence of
spectators) It looks suspicious. Mr. Editor, the fact is onr masters bave no case
and war lust and greed have deprived them
of the small amount of reason they ever
had.
Last week I heard "Ralph Connor" epeak
on winning tho war. This gentleman doubtless was in earnest. That Ib what makes
fanaticism and war lust so dangerous. He
represented the best types of conventional
scholarship, but he bad no argument. He
was "a minister of the gospel of peace,"
and yet a "minister of war." He "lived
war and prayed war," and history In all
ages proves that tho theological intellect has
over favored wnr. In the past the chnrch
bas mot reason with thumbscrew, rack, faggot and dungeon, and tho theological leopard
has not changed his spots although Mb claws
have been shortened. There wbb no opposition to his baseless assumptions. Any soap'-
box orator could have made him ridiculous
in five minutes, but he would have been met
by arrest and jail. This Is the first and
only court at which onr masters oan win
their case and, in tbe end, tbat winning
spells defeat. The fact Is, the colleges and
churches aro controlled by the same forces
as control tho press and political Institutions. They aro in harmony with capitalism,
witb the robbery of the producer, with war
for trado and territory, with tho suppression of speech And tho press which opposes
them.
Scott Ncariiig, two years ago, was expelled from tho University of Pennsylvania
for leaching errlnomlo* which conflicted with
the ideas and interests of Wall Street- An
investigation followed and it was discovered
that the trustee! and governors of that institution were mnde up Tif millionaires and
corporation lawyers. Those schools, like the
churches, nre financed by tho vested interests, not hy the workors, nnd tbe men who
pay tho piper set the tune—men liko Rockefeller and Morgan pay tho plpor. It Is tho
same wilh our Canadian colleges. What
teacher uf the University nf B. C, would
dare to stand up and oppose militarism and
conscription and how long would he laat if
he did!
The economic masters control thc "political and intellectual institutions of any his-
toricnl period," this we must always remember.
Homo yenrs ago, Geo. D. Herron, M. A.,
D.D., I'.il.D,, was expelled from the Columbia University, for opposing tho economics
nnd religion of American plutocracy. In ono
of hln published lectures he began as follows : "Modern society In baaed on the
legnlizcd nnd organised robbing of the wage-
slave nnd until we realise the fact that our
legislators nnd courts, our newspapers and
magii/.ini-s, our colleges and churches, our
mornls nnd manners aro moro or less the
reflection of this legalised and organizod
robbery, all our hopes of a true civilization will be hut vain Utopias." Next week
the subject will be "The Christianity of
Capitalism."
W. J. CURRY.
Vancouver, Ocl. 80,   1917.
Proportional Representation and labor.
Editor 1). C. Federationist: The pi
ibis city will seo the acid  test ap]
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Tho people of
ll city will seo the acid  test applied  to
their worthy aldermen next  Monday ,nl((ht
when they como to vote on the resolution
of Alderman Hamilton's, proposing the Immediate adoption of the principle of proportional representation In tho election of
our council and othor representative bodios.
The new method of election is now legally
available for any municipality in tbe province, nnd can bo brought into force on a
three-fifths vote nf the members of tho council present and voting. Five of onr aldermen voting "nyo" will aufflce to carry the
mensure in Vancouver.
The advantage of this method Is not a
matter of opinion, but a matter of demonstration, it needs only a reasonable Inquiry
to convince any Intellectual porson of its
merits and desirability and of the fatal and
Incurable mischiefs of any other method.
"P. R" Is a device whieh absolutely en-
sores   tke  repreeeitatltn   ef  sH   flawaa   tl
The elector who marked such a ballot simply
Initructed the returning officer to give nil
vote to Cooper. But If for any reason
Cooper waB unable to use It, in order that
the voter might not lose his vote, it is to
go to Anderson, the second choice. If Anderson, for any reason, cannot utilise it,
Fisher is to be credited with lt. There ti
only one vote—but as many preferences as
there are candidates.
Having cast his ballot, the voter can go
home or back to work, just as he does under
the present Bystem.
Now, Is there anything difficult or complicated about marking the figures 1, 2, 3,
4, 5, etc., opposite the names of hts various
choicest Is it any more difficult tban making a number of X'sl Certainly not. But
you will likely hear some statesmen (t)
plausibly urge that this is a "new" thing—
that the people will not understand it—that
the "worklngman" won't know how to
mark his ballot—that the "people" must be
' 'educated'' up to it—that In matters so
vitally affecting our system of representation, we must go slow; we must consult the
"people" I For after all, we are told, "the
people rule," and we should refer it to a
plebiscite I
One thing which Ib an essential feature
about "P.R." Ib the disregard of the
"ward" as an electorate unit. Voting hy
wards disappears and the eight aldermen
are elected "at large" from the whole city.
This means that the "ward spirit," with
its narrowing, sectional prejudices is killed.
A candidate will be scrutinised and weighed
not by a fraction of the citizens but by the
whole city. And It follows that a candidate
will be able to secure his support from
every ward lu the city; his constituency
Is no longer "geographical," but Is composed of those who think as he thinks and
who believe In the policies for whloh he
stands.
It follows that the new system offers
little hope for that old type of alderman
who once a yoar used to assure his ward-
heelers that, though the heaveni fell, he
would see that "his own" ward received
Its proper "appropriation," and that he
would "fight, first, last and all the time,
for ward nine, the banner ward of the
city"! Here's goodbye to the alderman
from ward nine I
Tho rules for giving effect to the new ballot, which Is called the single tnnsferable
ballot," are a little technical, but the only
persons who need to make any exact study
on this point-are the returning officer and
his ataff of assistants. Tbe rules (which
are published in the B, C. Gasette, of October 25) are based on the system used In
Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa, and
set out in the British Municipal Representation bill of 1014, wblch passed the house of
lords. The counting, as befltB an exact,
scientific system, takes longer, and In Vanconver, would probably take half a day.
Yoa will probably hear this raised as an
objection to its adoption»
The alderman who, on November 5, votes
agalnat Alderman Hamilton's resolution, will
have a lot of "explaining" to do. We doubt
If the public will be greatly Interested In
hli "explanations," for a vote against
"P. R. li a vote against a Labor principle. Tho alderman who opposes "P. R"
on November 5 makes it perfectly clear that
he doea not care to receive the support of
Labor at the coming elections. The alderman who really fears F. R. Is the "small"
alderman, the man who may be a "big"
man ln hli "ward" bat a "Email" man in
the olty at large. We await the "acid
test" with interest. P. R.
Vancouver, Nov. 1, 1917.
"P. R." In British Columbia.
Editor B. O. Federatlonist: There aro
noarly seventy municipalities In this province, and for all of them, the new principle
of elections provided by the "Municipal
Proportional Representation Act" (Chapter
51 bf this year's statutes) Is now immediately available.
This great reform has long heen recognised by the forces of Labor as a necessary
feature of any Bystem whioh seeks to make
our elective bodies reflective and representative of the general opinion of the constituency, whether it be federal, provincial or
municipal. Wherever it has been adopted,
as in Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa,
Belgium, Switzerland, Sweden, It has given
to their legislatures an Increased moral
authority.
There never was a time ln tbe history
of Canada when proportional representation
Is so apparently needful as now. We venture the opinion that when the Dominion
elections are over, there will bo a great
willingness on the part of somo of our politicians to take an hour off and look into
the possibilities which P. R. offers.
The immediate task, however, is to make
a fight for its adoption In evory municipality
this year—beforo tho now elections aro held.
Ab a month's notlco must bo givon, there Ib
little time to lose. The Vancouver Proportional Representation Socioty is ready lo nssist by supplying literature and whero practicable furnishing speakers conversant witb
the subject, to address meetings. The secrotary is Garfield A. King, 505 Insurance Exchange building, Vancouver. - P. It.
Vancouver, Oct. 80,   1017.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Nov. ^-Moving Picture Operators,. Bnrtenders,
Steam Shovel and Drodgemen.
MONDAY, Nov. 5—Machinists,
No. 720; Boiler Makors, Steam
Engineers, Electrical Workers,
Tailors, Streot Rallwaymen's
Executive.
TUESDAY, Nov. 6—Labor Candidates' Mooting, Amal. Cnr-
penters, Shoo Workers, Butchers and Meat Cuttors, Hallway
Pircmon, Cigar Makors, Betnil
Clorks.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7—Tile
Layers, Flatterers, ProBS Feod-
orB, Teamsters and Chauffeurs,
Motnl Trades Council, Brewery
Workers.
THURSDAY, Nov. 8—Paintors,
Machinists, No. 188; District
Council of Carpenters, Shoet
Metal Workers, Shipwrights
and Cnulkors.
FBIDAY, Nov. 9—Pllo Drivers
and Wooden Bridgobuilders,
Plimbers, Shipyard Laborers,
Timber Workers, No. 3.
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of this valuable proporty to sell it in lot§
by public auction. Thin property is situated
in one of the belt residential psrtu of Kitsilano, within easy reach of the cars and .
beach; has a nplendtd view of the bay, and <
is without exception one of the heat and
healthiest parts of the city. The lota an
high and dry, are graded and level and
have all been seeded. The twulevardi aad
lanes are cleared, tho former being laid oat
with trees. Water, telephone, electrlo light,
gas and sowers, are already ln. There are i
no encumbrances on this property, and ill
taxes, including 1917, paid. Indefeasible
title. The surrounding lots are highly priced.
Broadway and Fourth avenue cars run close ,
to the property. Partlea wishing to secure
a homesito should see this property as they
can not afford to miss this opportunity of
buying at their own figure. Terms of aale:
One-third cash, balance one and two years
at 6 per cent. The sale will start at 2:89
p.m., in the
DOMINION HALL,  339 Pender St. Wast,
Saturday, November 10, 1917.
LENNIE ft CO., Auctioneers
331 Pander Street West      Phona Bay. 7173
J. Parliament                    0. Turcot*
MEET HE AT THE
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
—TWELVE NBW TABLES—
(Brunswlck'Balke Oollender Go.)
42 Hastings St., East
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STEEET
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymou MIS
HAIL CONTRACT
SEALED TENDERS, addressed lo the
Postmaster General, will be received at Ottawa until noon, on Friday, tbe Tth December, 1917, for the conveyance of HiB Majesty's Mail,, on a proposed contract for four
years, six times per week on the route between Kerrlsdale and Langarra, via Marine
Heights, Dunbar Heights and Point Orey,
from the 1st April next.
Printed notices containing further in*
formation as to conditions of proposed con*
tract may be seen and blank forms of ten*
der may be obtained at the Post Offices of
Kerrlsdale, Marine Heights, Dunbar Heights,
Point Orey, Langarra, and at the offloe of
tho 1'oKt Office Inspector.
J. F. MURRAY,
Post Offlce Inspector.
Post Office Inspector's Offlce, Vancouver,
B. O., 26th October, 1917.
I. Bdward taut     Offloa: Ssy. 41««
N SEARS & PATTON
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria ud Vancouver
Vancouver Offloe: 516*7 Rogers Bldg.
VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Every Union Han Who Visits
the Labor Temple
Should patronlie the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store^
COSTS NO MOKE,
BUT IT ALL HELPS
THE
INCORPORATED
18M
BANK OF
TORONTO
Deposits
0. N. STAOET, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
W. 0. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
.4 12,911,000
Funds ..>.    14,384,000
Total Assets    887,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, Weit Indies, etc., of which IM
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an aeeonnt and make deposit) regularly—say, every payday, Xn-
tereet credited half-yearly.  Ne delay te withdrawal.
..173,000,000
... 54,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
TheBiikof British North America
Established In use
Branches throughout Canada and  at
NEW YORK, SAM FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Savings Department
-SAVE TOUR MONET—
—
START A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
M ^^t- -
\___t___W_s    ^\_wOL:
Em
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash in any old corner where lt li
In danger from burglars or Are.
mm
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give yon full
banking servioe, whether your account la large or small.
_m___Ms   h ■ -1
Interest allowed on savings deposits. FBIDAT. November 2, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
The Nation's Darling
Mary Pickford
"Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm"
/Die many charms and quaint situations of "Eebecca of Sunnybrook
rarm," are brought out In tha latest Artcraft picture as only Mary
pickford ean.
This Photoplay WiU Appear All Next Week
Commencing next week, "PATBIA," with MBS. VERNON CASTLE,
Will be shown   on  MOHDAT,   TUESDAY  and   WEDNESDAY—
MATINEES ONLY
GLOBE
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
One week commencing
MONDAY, NOV. 5
"The Natural
Vault"
STABBINO
Miss Marriott
PRICES:
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
ORPHEUM
—WBBK  COMtnNOmtf NOV.10—
2:80—TWICE DAHiT—«.S0
EMILY ANN WBLLMAN
in  "Toung Mrs.  Stanford—A    two-
hour play flashed in eleven
climacteric aoenea
ARTHUR DEACON
Hai O...OOOPEB A BIOABD..OITMS
LLOYD  t BBITT
Frank BUBT'k JOHNSTON Ed
SKATING BBAB "LOLBTTE"
Martin Beck presents the Third
Episode of
Ths Retreat of ths Oermus at tha
Battle of Arras
Matinee Prices:   15c, 200, SOe, SSe.
Evening Prlcea:   15c, SOo, 40c. SSo, SOe
PANTAG E S
NEXT WEEK
RIGOLETTO BROS. AND OOMPANT
THE SIX SEBEKADEBS
OTHER FEATURES
ELDORO
For Sale
Everywhere
The
Cigar
They
All
Know
and
Like
McLEOD,
NOLAN tl
OOMPANT,
London, Canada.
D. J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
and Tnkon.
3118 Alberta Bt.
VANCOUVEB,
B. O.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
IB it or TOUBS?
—Phene Fairmont MM—
BAGGAGE
Delivend to and from All Trains,
Boats,  Hotels  and
Besidences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
In Padded Vans by Experts
—Phone 0s Day or Night—
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Bay. 404, 405. UNION STATION
Jingle Pot Coal
Greatest for Heat—Lasts Longer
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 2800. 1629 MAIN ST.
THE BEST
Slaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
6S0 Oranvllle Strset
018 Hastings Street West
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, bnttons oovered, scallop*
pine, button holes, pinking, sponging and
shrinking, lettering,  pioot edging, pleat*
Ing, niching, embroidery, hemming.
OSS Granville St.
VANCOUVEB. B.O.
Phons Say. 8191
ISIS Bonglas St.
VICTORIA, B.O.
Pheae USO
OLELAND-DIBBLB    ENGRAVING OOMPANT
Limited
PHOTO ENORAVEBS — COMMERCIAL
ABTISTS
Phono Seymonr 7169
Third  Floor,   World   Building
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
—Tho only Union Shop In Vanconver—
KINO Or BICYCLES
They are the finest bit of workman-
hip In the blerele world; 8.different
models in variety of colors.
Prlcea fron 841.10 <e SB6.S0. sa
easy layaenu It (Hind.
•USimi A BUI0TT
"The Pioneer Blerele Store "
iii am a   ___<__ a w.
TRUE COMMENT ON
EOF
SLAVES
The Lying Capitalist Press
Receives Well Merited
Attention
The Churchman Admonished Against Indulgence
In Heresy
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., Oet.
30.—By tho time this issue of The Federationist is in its renders' hands the
nominating convention of the Nanaimo
federal constituency will have come
and gone, and according to present indications there will not have been a
representative from the eity of Nan*
aimo in attendance. That will be a
misfortune, because it will plainly show
how far that city has fallen from its
proud position of a few years ago,
when it could always be relied upon to
nominate a man to uphold the interests
of the workers, even though they did
elect a ronegade on accosaions.
From the position of electing
working class representative to the
hall of in(fame)y, Nanaimo electors
have gono to the other extreme, where
they have become so boss-ridden as to
have no organization capable of sending a representative to a convention
to help nominate a man to fight
againBt the greatest bunch of boodlers
tbat ever wished themselves upon the
people of Canada. They are apparent*
ly content to leave the destiny of the
country in the hands of an aggregation of boodlers who arc willing to
allow private persons to indulge in a
mad orgy of profiteering, taking advantage of conditions brought about by
the war to enrich themsolves.
There are undoubtedly many who
will vote for a working class candidate,
but the fine fighting spirit of a few
yearB ago iB either lying dormant or
else dead.
However, we hope to carry on
campaign in this district that will have
a tendency to once again revive the
old-time spirit, and it is to be hoped
that out of the campaign there will
once more arise an organization and
again restore Nanaimo to a place in
the sun.
Of course, the mental attitude of the
men of Nanalmo is a source of pleasure to thc rulers of the universe. They
are the olass of men whom the slush
{tress is pleased to band as the true
abor men. But we who have seen lie
after lie exposed, said lies emanating
from the afore-mentioned slush presB,
no longer believe anything "because
we read it in the paper."
The "Independent Press"
At the momont of writing there re
poses by my sido numerous clippings
from tho '' free and independent''
press of British Colutabia. A daily
World editorial of some timo ago, headed, "No Referendum on Conscription"
is a sample of this puro, unadulterated
bunk. Thoy talk about it being too
late to take a referondum when the
house is afire, but a considerable time
has elapsed since that editorial was
written, and conscription is not yet effectively in operation, and thc house
has not boen burned down yet.
There has not been time to take
referendum. Of course notl The disfranchising machinery has not been
oiled, and tho skids upon which Borden
hopes to slide back into power are not
yet proporly greased. Thero will be a
few moro fat jobs for junkor Liberals.
Thc editorial states that there is no
doubt whatever as to the pooplo's will
upon the issue of conscription. By tho
look of tho number of oxomption claims
there is no doubt!
Editorial Truth
Again from this truthful oditorial:
"All western Canada iB solid for conscription." "Tho government is convinced thut a mnjority of the people
nro bohind its proposal."
Subsequent events have proven the
falsity of thoBO statements. The people may bc behind the government and
the govornment will know it on election
day, when tho pooplo behind the gov
ernment will puBh it into oblivion.
It may bo that a majority of tho
people with whom the governmont is
in cahoots are in favor of conscription,
Thoy are the profiteers, who soo tho
possibilities of industrial conscription
and tho solution of the labor problem.
They see the dawning of another era of
glorious profit-making, where shipbuilders, liko Adam B. McKay, can mnko a
profit of $70,000 on tho building of ono
schooner, one of throe thnt he has undor
construction this year. Thoy are tho
breed who want conacription for tho
other follow.
Tho World, in another oditorial, some
months ngo, adviaed all public bodios,
churches, etc., to frahro strong resolutions demanding conscription of mon
and wenlth, and went on to aay that B.
C. was solid on this issuo. We now
know how solid is B. C. Tho solid
bunch arc the Principal Vancos, tho
Malcolms, and the other slackers who
areso anxious to kill tho kaiaor with
thoir mouths, and lot somebody else do
the real work.
Taxation Sincerity
Lot us seo how sincoro tho World is
in its proposal to conscript wealth. I
don't know whother its editorial writer
knows the meaning of the term. Or
elso ho knows tho moaning and purposely clouds thc issue.
Thoy try to mako ub bcliovo that thc
government is conscripting woalth,
when they aro putting a tnx on wealth
nbout equal to tho tax tho working
class pays on postago stamps.
No, Mr. World, thnt isn't immediate
conscription of wealth by a long shot.
Does tho Bordon crowd proposo to
tako one, two or three per cent, of tho
workers' lifo?
No, they wont 100 por cont.
Then let thom conBcript 100 por cent,
of tho wealth, and when thoy do.that,
thoro will be no nood of conscription of
man-power, or auch bumming organizations as the Bed Cross, or Patriotic
Fund.
Until thnt is done men will not offer
np their lives on the battlofiold for a
gang of pirates who are fattening on
the blood and sweat of the millions
who are fighting and producing.
A little light is thrown upon the ob-
jwti of the Borden disfranchising aet
by   a   clipping   from   the   Caiadtai
Premier Brewster is in the market
for a position in the Conservative
union" cabinet. Before the premier
went east, about a month ago, some*
thing slipped into the press that he
had been "offered" a portfolio in the
new government. The premier promptly denied this. But he didn't lose
any time getting back east and seeing
about it. He made many near-dickers,
it is understood, and was told if he
could deliver the goods out weBt he
might be taken in. Howover, as what
they wanted British Columbia's shining light of politicB in the new Borden ring for was the influence whieh
might be given by reason of having in
the fold the premier of the Pacific
province, Brewster thought a bit, and
it is understood he commenced to set
down a few terms himself. They are
still understood to be dickering, back
and forth, and an announcement from
the premier that he has "accepted"
a call for "greater" duty may be oxpectod any day.
If Brewster were sincere, he would
long ago    have stated his    attitude
Premier Brewster Dickers
******     ******     ******     ******
For a Portfolio at Ottawa
toward the so-called "union" government. His attitude will depend altogether upon what he ean get out of it.
In the negotiations he harks back for
the rulos to follow to the days when
he was purser on some of the boats
plying this coast. Pursers get a lot of
inside information as to accumulation
of one kind and another) If a portfolio gets away from Brewster it won't
be his fault. He likes tho glory, of
course, and that $12,500 and travelling
expenses would look a whole lot better than the 47500 and travelling expenses ne receives as B. G. premier,
As the premier seems to be withholding hia personal sanction of the
union government Ull he he is paid for
favoring it, he sccma to be in the eame
position as others, Calder, for instance.
Both of these men fired gu bombs at
Borden at the Winnipeg convention.
Now Calder has joined, and the electors ask "Whyf" The electors also
will ask "why" when Brewster joins,
or if he doesn't they'll aek "why"
he didn't eome out like a man and
state where he stood aa regards the
"union" government.
Churchman. It makes the following
query:
"Who is raising tho greater objection to the fact that large numbers of
peoplo in Canada, of alien birth, are to
be denied the franchise t Is it the alien
voter, or is it the candidate who is
afraid of losing votest
"Why should men who are relieved
from going to the front, legislate for
thoso who do got"
Bight you are, old topi Why should
the parson's vote!
Why should the potbellied profiteers,
tho cabinet ministers and all the rest
of the stay-at-home patriots, votef
Let us take a census of the military
eligibles, medically examine thom, and
ftlace all the fit ones on the voters'
ist; disfranchising tho unfit and ineli-
gibles and then take a vote en conscription.
Conscription would then last about as
long as a celluloid dog chasing an asbestos cat in h—1.
"The Bogey Man'll Oet Ton"
Mr. Canadian Churchman, you had
better look out. Wc have a terrible
paper in British Columbia, called the
Vancouver World, and you'll bo accused of being pro-German, etc., for it
is only a short timo ago that two meetings were held in Vancouver, and this
wonderful paper took the exprossion of
opinion of the meeting of ineligiblos as
the popular will, and turned down the
expressions of opinion put forth by thc
anti-conscription meeting, on the
grounds of it being composed of men
eligible for military service.
So now whero do you get off at with
your ideas of preventing ineligibleB
legislating for men who are to gof.
If John Nelson catches you he'll put
you out of the church. You ought to
be ashamed of yourself for propagating
such seditious ideas, for who has more
right to send men1 to the trenches than
thoso who stay at home. Wo should all
be willing to sacrifice one's rotations
to the 'nth, defer*)* on the blood-stained
battlefields of Europe.   '
Ll
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Lahor Council.
Friday, November 4, 1892.
Acknowledgement ro donation for
Homestead (Pa.) strike received.
Geo. Leaper made lengthy report regarding publishing labor paper.
Unions so far favorable to scheme
wore: Painters, stevedores, printers,
Knights of Labor, plasterers.
Boycott committee appointed to
work up all cases and roport same to
differont unions.
New Job Scale Will Be Put
Into Force Beginning:
Jan. 1,1918
Vancouver Typographical union held
its regular monthly meeting on Bunday
last. There was an exceptionally good
attendance of members, and a keen interest was taken in the proceedings
by all.
The proposed new job scale, to take
effect on January 1, was finally ratified, and the proper officers authorized to eign the agreement. Under the
new contract $28.50 will be the rate
of wages from January 1, 1918, to De*
cember 31, 1918, for week of forty*
eight hours. From January 1, 1919, to
December 31, 1919, the rate will be
$29.50—-two years being the term of
contract.
Owing to indifferent health, W. 8.
Armstrong was obliged to tender his
resignation from the office of president, which ho has held since the election of officers held in May last.
Vice-President Marshall was elevated to the position of president and W.
H, Jordan was eleoted vice-president.
W. B. Trotter, delegate to the recent convention of the Trades and Labor Congross, held at Ottawa, presented
a vory interesting and complete report of the proceedings of that body.
C. Compton and G.. Boedde were received into two-third membership.
Mary Pickford st tht Olobe
The  little  California  town  in whioh  the
exterior aoenea of "Rebecca of Sunnybrook
Farm" were filmed, will nerer forget the
arrival of Mary Pickford, America's greatest photodrwnntlc actress wbo ia now appearing in the.title role of thia produetion
at the Olobe theatre, one week, commencing
Monday, Nov. S. Mary Pickford snd ber
company of over one hundred made the
Journey from Los Angeles by apeclal train
and when they pulled into tbe little Tillage,
the whole town waa there to meet them. The
town counoil waited upon Miss Pickford tnd
Marshall Nellan, her dlreotor, saying: "Miss
Pickford, this town Is yours as long as you
want to use it." Every inhabitant took
part in the production, Miss Pickford'a word
was law, and for nearly two weeka she bad
the opportunity of being queen of her real
kingdom.
At tbe Pantages
Next week's Fantagoa show looks like one
with a lot of good comedy, from the advance
notices, with a lot of good music and mystery thrown in. Heading the bill are the
Rigoletto Brothors, this time with assistants
in tho persons of the Swanson Sisters, two
fair Scandinavian ladles. Their offer includes magic, juggling, banjo playing, piano
playing, accordeon music, aome tricks and
some ground acrobatics.
Prohibitionists Are Up In Arms
******      ******      ******      ******
Victoria Police Expose "Cider"
News item* "Among those frcquon-
tors of tho Pacific club, Victoria, who
havo boen enjoying the thirst-satisfying cider is Prohhibitlon Commissioner
Findlay, who had no idea, he stated
yesterday, that there was any suspicion
that it camo within tho category of intoxicating liquor. He admitted that ho
had been accustomed all bis life to
drink cider and ginger ale and the
fact that tho ronowncd Devonshire
product, as sold at the club, was under
suspicion, came as a groa,t BurpriBe to
him, ho avors."
Woll! Commissioner Findlay, my,
oh myl Aftor Findlay's fall, lot's
just watch whero Jonathan Rogors gets
HIS cider. Perhnps if tho local booze-
hunters would leave Chinatown alone,
and quit trying to mako tho people
believe they arc carrying on "raids"
against tho liquor trafflc, thoy would
find a lot of prohibition boozo stored
away around Vancouvor whoro such
impostors as Findlay keep thoir spirits
up. In Victoria tho police made a raid
on tho Pucific club, which is thc hangout of the politicians, cabinat ministers,
Premier Browstor, Boozo Commissioner
Findlay, and other men who wouldn't
(in public) look a glass of boor in the
face, but who didn't mind drinkink
moro alcohol than is contained in ordinary workingman's boor if it was
disguised in cider.
And talking about cidor. Anybody
knows that good, old-fashioned cider,
in the proper state, has a splondid
"kick" in it. Of courBC, Findlay
didn't know that. Timt is what Bomo
persons would desiro the peoplo to believe. Bat it is a safe bet that Findlay knows all about cidor for in thc
nowB item it snys Findlay said he "hnd
been m.customcd all his life to drink
cider and gingor ale." On this tor-
riblo confession of Findlay, tho "beer
soak" he and other prohibition workors
used to talk about, have nothing on
Findlay as a "cidor soak."
In Victoria the polico didn't waste
their time hooking booze around Chinatown, but wont about the enforcement
of tho law as if thoy meant it. They
combed that little town and started
with tho clubs. In Vancouvor, they
havon't reached the clubs whero thc
prohibition gang drink thoir cider and
probably do not intend to. They will
raid Chinatown for "Chineso whiskey"
and whiskey that a few enterprising
Chinks have stoked ap with te HU
—and got into the daily preBs in a
mako-boliove endeavor to round up
booze that ib not properly safeguarded
by the prohibition act. Tho polico
would novor think of investigating tho
collar at the home of B. T. Rogers, tho
man who is responsible for tho high
prico of sugar, who bought thousands
of dollars' worth of boozo when the
act went into force. It is perfectly
lawful, under the act, to hold up a
suspicious automobile, or go into a
man's offlce on a hunt for liquor. They
haven't held up B. T.'s $10,000 auto,
or visited his offico.
Howover, in Victoria, thc press reports say, "great indignation was ex-
prcBBod and both the polico and press
camo in for strong condemnation."
Tho prohibitionists should rise up
and protest ns one man against tho
polico Interfering with their highly in-
toxicnting "cider," "invalid prut,"
"blood medic.no" nnd "tonic." Of
courso, while all of thoso contain more
alcohol than boor, the prohibitionists
drink thom secretly instead of openly,
ns common beer-drinkers, ond beliovo
thoy should not bo interfered with.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Lsbor Temple
VANOOUVER. B. O.
—Headquarters  for Labor  Mon —
Ratea—7flc and $1.00 por day.
$2.50  per week and up.
Oafe at Seasonable Bates
«r UNION  SHOP »
BOOTS   AND   SHOES    mado    to
measure at ordinary prices.   Only best
leather used.   Family work a specialty.
Boots and Shoos also repaired.
428 GEORGIA STBEET WEST
TOU   OAN   IMPROVE   TOUB   OWN
TELEPHONE SEBVIOE
Whon speaking Into a tolophone tho
best resiiHH aro obtainod with the
lips Tory closo to tho transmitter—
lust so tlutt thoy do not touch it.
Iti.moTint: tlio lips from tho transmitter hns tho same effect as lengthening tho Hne In nae as followa:
Ono Inch lengthens tho lino 57
miles.
Two inches lengthens ths lino 128
miles.
Three inches lengthens tke line 179
miles,
Four inches lengthens the line 918
miles.
MtiniH oolvmbu nurim
Stop and Consider
Before you spend your hard-earned dollars. The
Liberty Store is now offering more merchandise
and better merchandise for less money than any
other store in Vancouver. We admit it, and so
do tens of thousands of our satisfied customers.
Our stock-buying methods are radically reducing
high prices and is proving a winner with every
economical buyer that likes to save money. You
had better join up with this army of thrifty shoppers and enjoy the liberty of low prices. Read
and heed the following price list. Sale starts
anew Saturday at 10 a.m.
Carhartt Overalls, elsewhere $2.
price Jp 1 Av
Negligee SUM — W. 0. A B.,
Tooke, Arrow, etc., elsewhere
$1.50 to *2.25. AU _Q_,
sizes,   Our price 90C
Cottonade Work Pants—Elsewhere (1.00. Onr * I IA
priee ...yl.U
900 Doien Hlodkerchlefe—Else
where to 10c. C _
Our price   OC
Boyi'   Panta—Elsewhere   they
aell at #1.76. QQ/.
Our price 90C
Wool Tweed Shlrte—Elsowhoro
thoy sell at 42.60. *-| Aft
Our price *sj> 1 •'K7
Arrow Collara—Elsewhere   thoy
sell for 20c. (?_
Our price. OC
Silk Neckwear—Elsewhere they
sell at 75c. AA
Our price  emtefQ
Men'a Suite—Positively worth to
125.00; going
for.	
$12.98
Hand-tailored Sdta-That will
meet the requirements of the
most exacting critics. Values
to *35.00. Our tlCOQ
price f iPeaW
Hne Overcoata—At prices that
spell economy; regular to (25;
all sizes; in all eolora. Oar
price
$14.98
Raincoats—A largo assortment of
line paramattas and waterproof
tweeds; regular to $20. Our
price is—
$9.98 to $12.98
Stetson Hats—At less than half
Srice; all sizes; regular $5.00,
ur
price	
$1.98
Wool Underwear—Kcgulur $1.75;
big assortment to choose from.
price 21 OC
Heavy Wool Sweaters—At far
less than wholesale price*.
Values to $7.60. &A QQ
Oor price spt.I/O
Ladies' Boots—At 50 for cont.
less than pro-war prices; 000
pairB.    Values  in   thin  lot  to
$0.00. our an QQ
prico «P*£.vO
Sizos 2_ to 4 only.
Ladies' Boots—750 pairs, ranging   in values   to   $9.00;   all
sizes . Our
prico	
$3.98
Ladies' Pumps and Oxfords—
.'100 pairs, mostly famous American makes; regular to $9.00;
all sizes. Our f>e> Aa
price tyem.tfO
Children's Shoee — Values to
$3.50; all sizes. A*| QQ
Our price «B 1 .I/O
Men'a Boots—Values to $5.00;
all sizos; for work or dross.
_____! $2.98
Men's Fine Dress Boots—Including thc world's mont famous
brands; regular to ££ QO
$10.   Our price •pOsVO
Men's Boots—Fine shoes that
will givo service nnd siitiflfiie-
tlon; nil sizes; some leather-
lined; every size »s hero nnd
they are cheap at &A QQ
*7. * Our price only..<P"»evO PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY .November 2, 1917
Mackinaw Shirts That;
Winds Can't Penerate
Any man who sees these garments will concede they have been made
with a purpose, nnd have all the advantages that such garments can
have. They will please you outdoor workers right down to the laat detail.
Heavy Black Mackinaws $6.00.
Another line in grey and blue with double shoulder—a good taedium
weight, $6.50.
A third line in a heavy grey and brown plaid at $8.75.
And tho finest of all—an extra heavyweight Mackinaw in brown and
green plaids with double shoulder and arms, $10.00.
—Men's Store, Main Floor
BUY OVERALLS AT SPENCER'S
Wc have the overall that beats any overall we know Belling for $1.75
or a higher price. It has "everything" that a good overall should
have.
We also hnve an overall of unknown pedigree, but wearing all the hall
marks of ability to give satisfactory service, at 81,35* We w'" ^°
glad to show you them. —Men's Store, Main Floor
MEN'S WORK TROUSERS
The man on thc ranch, tho prospector, excavator—nil mon engaged in
rough work thnt calls for clothes of exceptional durability, will nnd these
trousers nil they could desire. Well cut, thoroughly stitched and equipped with a full complement of pockets.   All sizos—
COBDUROY   83.90
COTTON WHIPCORD   $2.25
KHAKI DRILL $2.00 "■*<- $2.25
GREY STRIPED COTTONADE PANTS, price $2.25
MEN'S WORK GLOVES OF ALL KINDS
A well-selected stock here that gives all tho choico he could wish nnd
the very bost values possible in the prosont stato of the market.
COTTON TWILL GLOVES, with knit wrist; 15c pair; 2 pairs....     25«*
HEAVY COTTON GLOVES, fleece-lined, per pnir     20*
HEAVY COTTON GLOVES, with gauntlet wrists; pair      25*
GREY CANVAS GLOVES, with mule palm nnd nnfecra  '  50?
PIGSKIN GLOVES, pnir .-  $1.25 and $1.50
PIGSKIN GAUNTLETS   «1 KO
PIGSKIN GAUNTLETS, lined, per pair  $1 75
HEAVY MULESKIN GLOVES, per pair  81.00
BUCKSKIN GLOVES, warranted genuine tor sterling wenr, pr. $1.25
STRAIGHT HORSEHIDE GLOVES $1, $1.25, $1.50, $1.75
HORSEHIDE   GAUNTLET  GLOVES   gl, $1.25, $1.50, $1.75
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Report of Delegate to
Trade Union Congress
(Continued from page 3)
ding to the number of persons actually
represented.
"Passports and Oorenunent Aetion"
"We desire to make it clearly understood that the above recommendations
arise out of the internal difficulties revealed at the Inter-allied conference
and elsewhere! and are in no way consequent upon the decision of governments to refuse passports to the Stockholm conference. In the opinion of
your committee, no government has any
right to prevent an expression of feel*
ing by the; working classes of its country, and we regard the aetion of the
government in this matter as an unwarrantable interference with our
rights as citizens. The workers of this
country have made enormous sacrifices
in life and liberty, and aro entitled
to a commanding voice in the settlement of peace. We recommend that
this conference enters an emphatic
protest against the action of the govornment in refusing passports, and demands that in the event of an international conference taking place, on the
lines recommended, no obstacle shall
be placed in the way of delegates from
any country. (Signed)
'' The Parliamentary Committee''   ■
Stoilie, in moving the resolution,
plainly demonstrated the fact that he
deeply appreciated the magnitude of
the task. He waB very deliberate and
extremely cautious in all that he stated,
pointing out that Labor was rent almost in twain on tho question. Tho
delegation was also deeply interested.
W. Thorn, M.P., in seconding, attempted to be equally careful, but
nevertheless showed where his feeling
lay. Smilie and Thorn were followed
by some of the ablest men in congress,
including J. H. Thomas, M.P. (Railwaymen); J. E. Clynes, M.P. (now
under Lord Bhondda, food controller);
Bobert Williams (Transport Workers);
T. Hodges (Welsh Miners); ond J.
Bromley (Locomotive Engineers). Mr.
J. Havelock Wilson, Sailors and Firemen, moved that the report be sont
back to the parliamentary committee,
J. Henson of the same union seconded.
Wilson, both humorously and sarcastically, stated that he didn't knpw
whether Thorn had swallowed Smilie or
Smilie swallowed Thorn. In referring
to the Belgian Prince incident, Wilson
was deeply moved and temporarily
broke down, later stating very emphatically that the seamen would never
carry delegates to Buch a conference
until the Germans had learned the lesson they deserved. However,, the
amendment was defeated and on a card
vote being taken later, the committee's
report waB adopted by 2,849,000 votes
against 91,000.
Another incident worthy of note on
Tuesday waB certain criticism aimed at
the ministry of pensions, which brought
Mr. John Hodge, the now pensions minister, to his feet from the body of the
hall. Another tribute to congress is
that, sitting among their delegation,
there were such men as cabinet ministers.
During Tuesday afternoon a monster
meeting was held at the Grand theatre,
known as an Anglo-American War-
aims meeting. The A. F. of L. delegates and the writer had stage seats;
however, tho Stockholm discussion kept
us late for the platform, which, like
every part of the great theatre, was
crowded. We were present to hear the
attorney-general. Mr. F. E, Smith,
speak, the prominent Americans having
spoken. War-aim meetings are being
held at different dates in some of the
largest centres addressed by prominent
British statesmen. From a patriotic
standpoint they undoubtedly have a
good effect.
On Thursday morning, the building,
including the balcony, was packed. Mr.
Henderson, who, up to that time had
not made any publie speech since his
retirement from the cabinet, was naturally the centre of attraction. The time
sot for addresses from fraternal delegates was 10:30 a.m., and Boeing that
congress is supposed to adjourn at 1
p.m. it gave littlo time to the number
who were to speak, Messrs. Lord and
Golden of the A. F. of L. wore introduced first. Thoy spoke very strongly
about killing the Prussian beast, and
"licking the German first, then talking to him afterwards." Thoir remark
that tbere should be no moro kaisers
or kings (interjection; made in Germany) was very loudly cheered; they
wished autocracy burled in the grave
of oblivion and cited the Americanism,
"Ruling for the people by the people."
The writer was then introduced, and
almost at the outset cited the fact that
they were war weary, and wero wearier
still of war speeches (a remark which
was woll received), consequently I wns
going to be vory brief on war. I took
the opportunity of commenting on some
of thoir important resolutions from our
Canadian viewpoint and made sure of
briefly citing our experience with the
Lemleux act inasmuch as a certain resolution had very direct bearing on it. I
endeavored to place the position of the
Canadian workers %b plainly as possible
before the congress, and was careful to
differentiate between popular opinion
and my personal opinion. On the Stockholm question, I had no mandate, consequently anything I said was of a personal character. I thought I would bc
less than a man if I did not give my
own opinion on Stockholm, and personally, I favored an international
meeting being held as early aB possible, not brought about by German
manipulation, but a propor international meeting, free from nny governmental influence, believing that the workers
"who have sacrificed so much in tbe
struggle should meet, discuss and determine what their attitude as workers
must be.
I stated that the Canadians had demonstrated well enough whore they stood
in thc wnr, and I ventured the remark
thnt if ever the workers, in Great
Britain felt the time hnd arrived to
declare war on the industrinl bnrons,
they could rest assured thnt the Canadians would bc heard from.
Following the writer wns A. Henderson, M.P.,. fraternal delegate from tho
British Labor pnrty. His reception
wns such that it could never bo forgotten, und must have created a grent
impression on the man himself, according to thc comment of those who were
woll acquainted with Mr. Henderson.
He gave the speech of his lifo. In response to the enthusiasm in the commencement he said: "If one-hnlf of
tho charges suggested against fee By
certain sections of tbe pross had' been
true I should not have received, and I
certainly should not hnvo deserved, the
consideration you have repeatedly
shown to me during tho past threo
days. The magnificent and generous
testimonial of your eonflilenco will be
in inspiration to me in thc work thnt
lies before me."   He believed tbat thc
scheme for closer co-operation between
| the congress and the Labor party would
open out the most impressive and
successful chapter in the hiBtory of
organized Labor, especially in the international field of politics. A properly organized working class international movement would make not only
military wars, but also economic wars,
well-night impossible (Cheers). Suoh
a force would be the finest expression
of a league of nations, because it would
be a league of the common people
throughout the whole civilized world.
Before this ideal could be realized,
there knust be achieved the destruction
of_ absolute government, with its
kaisers and its czars who must be replaced by a free democracy (Cheers).
Was it too much to say that the present
great world-conflict could only be finally successful—some people mistook
military victory for complete succoss—
when autocratic government had been
destroyed? This was tho great reason
why he would rather consult with the
German minority beforo peace than
confer with the representatives of a
discredited autocratic government when
military victory -had been secured.
(Loud cheers). The spenker then said
we should be fair to the Gorman socialist minority, Liebknecht and the
small group witn hita hnd stood aloof
from their government, condemned its
crimes and done what little they could
to thwart its base designs. It waB a
pity that the Allied socialists were not
sufficiently agreed to go to the German
socialists and say there could not be
poace till they had smushed those who
were responsible for bringing ub into
-the war. The kaiser, ho knew, had
endeavored to form a league of kings
to fight solidly against tho progressive
democracy of all countries. It was,
therefore, in the interests of democracy
throughout the world thut this form of
government should end. The promoters
of the Stockholm idea in Great Britain
wero prepared to leave the settlement
of the peace conditions to the governments, which were alone vesponisble to
the entire nation. But we belong to
the class that has given most and suffered most (cheers), und wo are not
going to let thiB matter rest in the
hands of diplomats, secret plenipotentiaries, or evon politicians of the ofli-
cinl stump, unless they were prepared
to give some regard to the voice of
tho common people of nil the countries
concerned.   (Loud cheers.)
Tho speaker thon very nicoly touched
on the A. F. of L. delegates' position.
' • Tho American representatives must
not think that those advocating the
conference were leaving them in the
lurch. It was only a few monthB since
ho sat on a congress platform and
heard a delegate from the same American Federation of Labor npeak'in favor
of an international conference on war.
(Laughter.) The parliamentary committee agreed to it but were turned
down. Today) the American Federation
did not want a conference." Ho hoped
they would soon be prepared to join.
Mr. Henderson then referred to why
he left the government. "I stand to
my position. I am not where I am
merely because I was supporting the
Stockholm conference. I am here—and
I challenge contradiction—in a position, as Gladstone Baid, 'of greater
freedom and less responsibility,' because I refused to do what I could
never do—desert the people who sent
me into tbe government/' (Loud and
prolonged cheers.)
He spoko of the Representation of
the People bill as a triumph for organized Labor, and sharply eriticized an
attempt on thej part of certain political
sections to hold up the bill until after
the veto of a reformed second chamber
had been secured. Citing the scheme
as a direct challenge to industrial democracy, while my excerpts of Mr.
Henderson's address may not seem anything extraordinary, it appeared to me,
judging by the effect upon the audience', that it wus a most remarkable
address.
Following Mr. Henderson was Mr.
Joheaux, secretary of the French General Federation of Labor, who spoke in
French. Ho stated that the body he
represented had accepted an invitation
to the Allied Labor conference in London on September 10th. He hoped it
would bo possible to come to some common understanding baaed on an internationalism in which all free people
shared, and said they were determined
to insist that in.the terras of peace the
rights of Labor should be definitely
laid down.
Colonel Cresswell, lender of the South
African Lnbor party, and Mr. W. Gregory representing the Co-operative
Union, also spoke. They were very
brief, owing to the time already consumed by the previous speakers.
In the afternoon, at a presentation
ceremony, the writer took the opportunity of paying tribute to the late
Brother J. E. Williams, the British
fraternal delegate at our Toronto convention, who passed away on July 3rd
last. The railwaymen, as well as many
othors, appreciated my references,
which I feel, sure, wus the feeling of
all who met Brother Williams at Toronto.
There were many resolutions of importance. One which caused considerable discussion, was a resolution introduced by the National Federation of
Colliery Enginemen, Stokers nnd kindred trades, protesting against the
miners wishing to claim jurisdiction
over overy employee working yt and
uround tho mines.
This opened up the question of industrial versus craft unions, and in
some instances the debute waxed fairly
warm. Smilio led the miners in opposition to the resolution. 1 had spoken
on this question when addressing the
convention, and told them of how it
worked in the Stntce and Canada, especially with the miners' organization.
Much could be said of a congress of
such magnitude and importance us is
the British Trndes Congress, but space
will scarcely permit.
Our relationship with the British
congress must ever be maintained, and
Report of Delegate to
the Ottawa Congress
(Continued from page 3)
emphatically opposed to any development in the enforcement of this legislation which will mako for industrial
conscription, or the interference with
the trade union movement, in the taking care of the interests of the organized workers of the Dominion."
An amendment was offered by Delegate Farmilo of Edmonton, and another
by Delegate Arcand of Montreal, and
a substitute motion, by Delogate Bruce
of Toronto. Your delegate in speaking
on thiB question, urged that the convention Bhould stop short at the re-affirmation of itB previous clenr position on
this question, leaving the responsibility
for the adoption of legislation contrary
to the accepted and expressed principles of the Congress npon those.who
brought in such'legislation.
Upon ultimately coming to the vote,
the convention proved to be ranged up
in sections behind the several amendments and substitute in a manner that
ous unsolicited testimonials that I
heard for our "Jimmy" Simpson, it
boing acclaimed by all who spoke to
me of "Jimmy" that his fraternal ad*
droBS last year was tho feature of the
Birmingham congress. With every
hope for a brighter tomorrow for the
workers of the world*. Respectfully
submitted,
DAVID REES.
Supplementary Report
Mr. W. A, Appleton, secretary of the
General Federation of Trade Unions of
Great Brituin, cabled to Brother
Draper, our congress secretary, an invitation to huve representation at a
conforence of representatives of the
trnde unions of the entente powers,
with tho result that I wns advised to
proceed to London to attend the conference, which wns hold on September
10th and llth, ut Hamilton House, the
chief office of the aforementioned organization.
Representatives were*in attendance
from England,- Frnnce, Serbia, Amorica
and Cnnnda. Tho Italian federation
having empowered the French delegation to vote for them.
Meetings of a similar character hud
been hold beforo but without American and Canadian representatives. The
writer was careful to listen to much
thut was snid beforo hnving a word to
say and only spoke nt tho request of
tho chair, with onc exception.
Unfortunately, it was very apparent
to me that the parties present would
not arrive nt uny unanimous conclusion.
The main object of tho meeting was to
discuss the bost ways and meu us of
fomoving the secretaryship of the international secretariat from Berlin.
Constitutionally, the power placing the
secretaryship in Berlin woul d again
have to convene to remove same. The
French -and Serbian representatives
were solid for holding a meeting at
Berne for this purpose. The Serbian
delogate, in his speech favoring the
idea of going to Berne, claimed they
would go there with the object of
charging the German representatives
for all their alleged misdeeds, and also
decide whilst ther* to remove the offlce from Borlin. I leave his statement without comment. He gave a
very interesting account of thoir trade
union movement. The socialist party
and trade union there are one, the
latter recognizing themselves as part* of
the former. Their movement took firm
hold in 1903, forcing their government
at that time to become somewhat more
democratic than they had been hither-
They had grent trouble in securing
if any policy can be promulgated which
would bring closer affiliation, such policy Bhould be pursued. The war and
its varied aspects more than ever demnnds a thorough understanding between the laboring classes of the
mother country and her colonies. Personally, I feel that a now international
with the workors of every country In
tho world tuking their proper place in
samo, will bo our best safeguard for
permanent poaco in tho future.
I desiro to oxpress my profound appreciation to thc dolegates of the Toronto convontion for affording mo the
privilego of attending the Blackpool
congress. I can sufely say that my ox-
pcrience gained at this congress was
woll worth the effort of twice traversing the so-called war zone, in going to
and from England. I endeavored in
my humble way to merit the confidence
of thoae I had tho honor to represent.
It affords me great pleasure to mention
tbe kindly consideration of tho congresB
officials and delogates to myself whilst
at Blackpool, for which I am truly
thankful. I should be remiss in my
duty were I not to mention the numor-
liberty to express themselves, but with
ull their difficulties and dearth of industries they bonsted of a trade union
membership of 40,000. They had a
Labor paper which went into 7,000
homes. ■
On Monday evening, a banquet wns
held, and uring the toasting following
snid banquet, it was my privilege to
listen to some of the most beautiful
expressions that were possiblo to utter.
Tho writer wus honored with tho task
of proposing u toast to "The Small
Nations," which was responded to by
Novakovich, tho Serbian. I was forced
to comment ou the idealistic tenor of
the speeches mnde, and gently but
meaningly suggested that I sincerely
hoped their high-sotiding phrases wore
not superficial.
On Tuesday, the convention had two
sessions, the outcome being rather unsatisfactory, from my point of view,
in fact, justifying my previous evening's remarks.
At noon on Tuesday, the chair canvassed thc delegates without calling for
a vote, on a suggestion that a postal
vote be taken on the question of a conference of all nations affiliated with
the international secretariat to be held
at Berne. All but tho French and Serbian delegates were agreed. Consequently the French were asked to discuss the matter among themselveB tp
see if thoy could full in line. However,
they came back to the afternoon session with the stntemont that if they
went to Berne nlono, it made no difference, they would be there. Much
could be written that perhaps is better
not printed at tbis time. Suffice to
state, however, though dealing more
with the British Trades Congress aud
tho Labor purty, I feol that Canada,
ns well as the otber colonics, should be
represented whenever practicable, at a
meeting of the omenta powers. A
meeting is being hold in London todny (September 27th) being attended
by representatives of the Labor party
and Trades Congress, that might be the
immediuto forerunner of an international conference of trade union representatives of all nations.
I nm pleased to learn that the recent
Ottawa convention elected dolegates
preparatory for an international conference, more especially seeing that lt
endorses the stand taken by myself
when at Blackpool, in viow of the fact
that one resolution asks that a certain
position be pressed upon the governmont. I wish to quote the resolution.
Democratic Representation on Peace
Commissions: "The conference placeB
on record its appreciation of the sacrifices made and the losses endured by
the working men and women of all the
entente countries. It considers thnt
these sacrifices and losses have purchased thoir right to direct representation from evory country on any commission which meets to discuss or determine terms and conditions of peace,
and it instructs the federation of each
entente country to press upon their
governments the necessity of an immediate acceptance of this requcfet."
In conclusion, I desire to thank the
officers of the congress for affording me
the honor and privilege of attending
the London conference. Respectfully
submitted,
DAVID REES.
BEAR IN MIND
THAT DB. LOWE replaoes lost or missing teeth with
new teeth that will give long, continuous service. .
. . that will do the work of your original teeth. . .
and look better in many cases than those that failed
you.
DEFECTS in your teeth if not given immediate attention, will cause you trouble later.
IT will be a whole lot cheaper to have your decayed
or missing teeth restored to a sound state at once.
DB. LOWE has a large practice which
makes possible better work at lower cost.      \
u,
_}___ji_____md
lOSHartig, Start W.,(Ccr. Abbot)VancouVfer»'Pbo^ tyJW
prevented tho real attiude of the convontion appearing in any one vote. The
substitute was defeated by 142 to 100
on a roll call vote; the Arcand amendment was defeated by a large majority,
and the Farmilo amendment by 111 to
101. The committee on officers' reports
amendment finally carried by 136 to
106. Upon the declaration of the last
vote, a large number of delegates called
for a vote upon the straight question of
for or againBt conscription, and only
ten out of the whole convention wero
found to favor conacription, a proportion, by the way, which was clearly
shown throughout the entire previous
debate, the debate being really upon
what form the Congress declaration
should take.
The secretary reported a membership
of 81,687, boing an increase ef 15,114
on the previous year. The receipts apart
from the reserve fund of $10,000, were
$17,542, and the expenditure $12,671,
leaving a balance of $4871.
On Immigration
Your delegate found himself appointed as chairman of the committee on immigration, a subject which occupies
some 20 pages (or 1-lOth) of the proceedings as printed. This committee
recommended the endorsation of the
proposal to establish a central emigration authority in Brituin, with power to
issue licenses and generally supervise
all emigration activities; it condemned
the wur widows' scheme of Genoral
Booth, who hns over a million dollars
in hand to carry out his proposal; it
nsked for the retention of the "landing
money" feature of the restrictions, and
urged the adoption of a literary test
for all immigrants. TJiis latter clause
invoked an animated discussion but
upon the vote being taken, no opposition could be found. Another section
of the report of this committee which
will be of special interest to the members of this union, was the recommendation of the abolition of the head-tax
upon the Chinese. The recommendation
is as follows:
"The committee has given serious
consideration to the Asiatic immigration question, and wishes again to draw
attention to the fact that so far as
Chinese are concerned, the head tax iB
no longer sufficient restriction or check
upon this undesirable immigration.
Whilo this Congress haB steadily accepted the principle that Asiatic races
should be excluded from this country
as undesirable competitors in tho labor
market, and for other reasons, and
while your committeo unanimously
agrees to tbe principle of exclusion,
they have to recommend to tbis convention to proas for an immediate change
in the present immigration laws affecting this class of immigrants.
"The present head tax hus proven
to be a sourco of revenue^ carrying in
itself nn obstacle to exclusion measures,
as will be seen when it is possible to
collect in four years the enormous sum
of $0,795,000 from this source. Tour
committee recommends that the head
tax on Chineso be abolished and that
substituted therefore there shall bo a
measure adopted which will permit the
entry of tbo subjects of China and
Japan and the natives of India upon
a percentage of population basis of
one Oriental for each thousand of the
Dominion's population, exclusive of
such Orientals as are already in the
Dominion: and that where this percentage is already In excess of one per
thousand that such immigration shall
the Dominion shall, on the aame basis,
warrant a further Influx,
Furthor, that no Orientals of nny of
theso nationalities shall be permitted
to settle in the Province of British
Columbia until tho other provinces of
the Dominion have received such immigrants in proportion to their provincial population.
The report was adopted in entirety.
A resolution was unanimously adopted calling upon the executive of the
congress to arrango a conference with
the Groat War Veterans' association,
with a view to establishing a mutual
association or workmen's and soldiers'
council for thf6 protection of common
interests.
A special committee on soldiers' pensions and patriotic fund made a comprehensive report. Regarding tbe soldier's pay, they point out that the
organized workers had beon able to ob'
tain increases by organization which
was impossible to the soldier, and
recommended that their pay be increased to $2 per day. As labor department statistics showed an increase
Bince 1014 from $14 to $18 per week
for the same necessities, they recommended that separation allowances be
increased at least 60 per cent. Thev
disagreed with tbe principle which allowed pensions to be paid to disabled
men at $480 per year for a private, and
$2,700 for a brigadier-general, and
rocommended a sum of $100 per month
for all ranks where permanently disabled nnd for mirfbr injuries a corresponding increase. The committee
recommended the creation of demobilization boards upon which Labor
should be represented and urged upon
the attention of the government the
scheme of settlement endorsed at the
1015 convention. It is Interesting to
note that the Pensions Board, in figures
submitted by them to the1 congress, estimates that on the then existing scale
that the annual pensions bill of Canada
at the end of the war would approximate $40,000,000.
Apart from immigration matters, the
only resolution submitted by your delegate was in connection with the Patriotic Fund, and this was incorporated
in the report of the special committee,
who accepted all except the last olause,
calling for a cessation of voluntary
subscriptions on a certain date. The
enacting section of the resolution reads:
"Be it resolved, that this Trades
and Labor Congress request that the
Dominion government shall immediately make such provision as Bhall render
charitable organizations aB unnecessary
as they are obnoxious, by (1) increasing tho individual pay of the soldier;
(2) increasing the separation allowance to wivCB; and (3) providing allowances to oach child below the age of
flftoen; (4) that this additional provision be at least upon the scale at
present laid down as necessary in each
district by tho Patriotic Fund; (5)
that this per capitn payment to soldiers and dependents Bhall be recognized as payment for services rendered
and therefore subject to none of the
deductions and interferences in the internal economy of the soldier's home
ns now oxiBts undor Patriotic Fund ad*
ministration; (6) that these payments
be made from headquarters in the same
manner as the present insufficient pay
and separation allowance and without
local interference; (7) that the money
to meet present and future liabilities
Involved in thiB change from a charitable and unjust system to a national
and equitable system shall be raised1 by
whatever -tax upon incomes is necessary—tbis tax to be graduated according to the income of the citizen, thus
assuring the soldier against possible '
reductions of pay through the cessation of voluntary effort and at the same
time abolishing the unnecessary activities of the Canadian Patriotic Fund;
further, that failing the adoption by
the government of this equitable and
fair method of meeting its liabilities
In this connection, then, after December 31, of this year, the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada shall recommend to all its affiliated membership
the discontinuance of further support
by voluntary contribution to the present discreditable system."
It was decided to print 10,000 copies
in English, and 3,000 copies in French,
of the officers' reports, and the report
of the committee on pensions, for circulation among the members of the
Great Wur Veterans- association and
other returned soldiers.
The resolution to take part in the international conference to be called by
tho British Trades Congress when peace
negotiations were in order, was unanimously endorsed, and three elected—
Pros. Watters, Sec. Draper and Vice-
Pres. Simpson being named in that
order, who will respond to the call according to the number of delegates
asked for.
Proposal to establish a Canadian
Labor party carried, aftor a hot dis*
cussion.
Criticism of the War Time Elections
act was bitter and the report of the
executive carried with a small amend- •
ment. One clause in this report reads:
"The action of the government is as
repugnant to a liberty-loving people aB
Germany's disregard of its obligations,
under treaty with other nations."
One resolution, unanimously adopted,
which has a pertinent flavor, asked the
convention "to instruct the executive
council to urge upon the government
to cease recommending men in Canada
for titles, as it is against democracy
and its institutions, und merely establishes in Canada an imitation aristocracy."
It is useless to attempt to deal, in
this report, with the matters placed
before the convention, particularly by
the British delegates, and also, the
very important statements made by our
own fraternal delegato to Britain in his
roport of the labor situation there. The
statements of Mr. Arthur Henderson
to the British Congress, and quoted by-
Fraternal Delegate Roes , are much
more important and elucidating than
all of the dispatches which have, so far,
escaped into the public press, upon the
British labor situation.
I close this report without claiming
to have done more than roferred to a -
few of the important matters occupying the attention of tbe congress, a
body which, it is perfectly clear, is
growing in strength nnd importance as
tho years pass, and were it not for tho
really remarkable apathy of the Canadian workers when judged in the mass,
the possibilities that lie ahead of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
might very soon be made to measure up
to the force in the direction of government which Ib now the position of
tbe British Trades Congress and its
afflliated organizations.
W. E. TROTTEB.     .
Rheumatism
A Hsnii Cure Given by One Whs hid It
iprttw of
t ud laflw
ai only tb<
In ths
Muicular
■adored
oh
,. ises i wu sttuked b;
jammatory lltioumatlim,  _
 only thoie who hive tt know, for
three  year*.    I  triad remedy attar
—     — a    ..-..—   «fup   Anjttnm*   Kn*   assem
remedy, ud doctor after doctor, but auch
relief ai I reeetnd wu only temporary.
Finally, I found • remedy tbat cured me
completely,   and It  hu   never   returned.  I
bave given It to a number wbo were terribly
afflicted and even bedridden with Rheumatism, ud It effected ft cun u
Siuflerer from uy form ef
Ii to try tbla marvelou healing power. Doa't aend a oentt limply mall
you samo ud addrea ud I will — "
■seas of—'
seat Ot ,.
SUM. 1 ei
— la tfie
Bllef I	
Wltte tedu.
Ksrttt.
ifler MU lower when peetllve
oferrt lushes) Don't dol.r
ecbon, Ho.
. Srnenie,
MSDOumsy Bids.,
Above eute- FBIDAY November 2, 1817
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
New Neckwear
Arriving Daily
There never waa a time when man
was more pernickety about his neckwear than he is today. He has his
likes and dislikes just like all women
have.
In the assembling of our stock,
we have anticipated the likes and
dislikes of all our patrons, hence our
stock today is larger and better assorted than it ever was. The best
of French, Italian, Swiss, American
and Canadian manufacturers have
contributed to our stook. We have
Pirn's and Cash's poplins, Welch
Margetson's pure silk knitted and
English foulards, in a wonderful
variety of silks and colors—shapes
that make the correct knot for present day wear. At prlcee
350, SOe, 76c, fl, I1.S0, 12 to 18.60
—Main Floor
hpfiudsonsBau Company, m.
immmmtii  iota     Mtmm t ssaatiw, ttant ____________ ( ^_W )
Granville and Georgia Streets
SOUTH WELLINGTON
LUMP COAL
MILL WOOti OF ALL KINDS
IMMEDIATE DELIVERY
I Hanbury & Co.
Fourth Avenue and Granville Street
Bayview 1076      '      Bayview 1077
The Biggest Little Man in Town
is tho Boy who buys bis olothing at
CLUBB & STEWART'S
New Suits, Stylish Overcoats and Beef ers, Sweater Coats,
English Jerseys, Underwear and Hosiery. Everything in Boys'
wear.  BeBt quality; prices moderate.
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
309-315 Hastings St. W.
Tel. Say. 703
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard        Butter -
Ham        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Demand the Best
 i *-	
Cascade Beer
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are bjewed and battled by union workmen.
THE PURE ESSENCE OF BARLEY AND HOPS
Bottled at the Brewery by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Do you like to travel in a "Rickety" Jitney?
Tea certainly do not. Ans neither does
baor, with lis frail little boms md soft
tender bed;, like travelling daily ln an nn-
nt. baby ear. Baby needs the very beat
car yon ean bay for him—a .ate, clean and
eanltary ear that will ran eailly and jIto
comfort and rest—a car that l» new and Jree
from lerma—a car that will be benelelal to
him—act a damn.
Ihe cars we sell are all safe, reliable can
that we fnUy marantee for darablllty and
workmanship' Those are oar ll|llsh stria
cars, made in onr own factory
by Vancounr people—carte $10 7R
that aell from ..j .▼•»•■ —
Wa bave foldlm so carts end talkies,
alia at reasonable prices. Write for onr
llhetrated catalogue.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(o. a. SHAW A 00.)
904 EOBSOH   —   On. cent Home
AUSTRALIAN LABOR
PARTY SPURNS
Pointe Out Fallacy of 'War
Savings" and Bond   .
Buying
An Invaluable Homily Upon
Finance Banking and
Borrowing
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N.8.W., Sept. 24.—(Special
to The Federation! Bt.) — Some
weeks ago—during Auguat last—the
Australian Labor Tarty was approached
by the war savings department, and itB
cooperation sought in the matter of
getting the workers to invest in war
bonds. The following is tho answer
of Australian Labor as regards the
matter of, war finance:
1. That the proposals aro economically unsound, and their adoption can
render no material aid in meeting Australia's war expenditure.
2. Becauso the high prices of food
and othor necessaries of life, make it
almost impossible for the average working man to save anything out of his
wages after meeting his usual obligations.
3. That it iB unpatriotic and unjust
in its incidence, aB if largely adopted
it would bleed the working* and middle
classes of their earnings, thereby reducing their spending power, depressing trade, and increasing unemployment. According to some of the highest economic authorities (soe Bobert-
son's "Fallacy of Saving and Mummery" and Hobson *s "Physiology and
Industry'') all-round saving is economically unsound, as extensive saving,
even for pacific purposes, reduces consumption and thuB throws out of employment those who had satisfied the
former demand. ,
4. That in the present circumstances,
extensive saving among the workors
would increaso the amount and force
of economic conscription by throwing
additional men out of employment. Already the harm that has been done by
the dismissal of workors is very considerable, and a moro rigid enforcement of this policy so generally threatened must have a disastrous effect upon
the economic condition of the country.
5. Evon if the proposals wero otherwise worthy of adoption, the fact must
be emphasized that tho war profits
exacted by the commercial classes have
imposed an enormous and constantly
increasing burden upon the worke/s,
largely crippling their power to save.
Where savings are still possible, they
will be needed by the working classes
to meet the economic distress which
threatens them in the near future. Production for proflt instead of production for use is essentially wasteful,
both of material wealth and human
energy. Personal saving in tinkering
with tho evil only succeeds in perpetuating its inherent viciousness. That
under the present system much wasteful expenditure on solfiish indulgence
goes on, is due to the fact that the
system takes it-for granted that those
who obtain wealth without their own
personal exertion have a right to command the services of otners in the
gratification of every desire and whim.
Call Attention to Waste
This privileged section, creating nothing itself, dissipates in costly and often
harmful pleasures much of the wealth
produced by the underpaid working
classes. Their vicious example, to
some extent, permeates every class in
the community, but much as reform is
needed, the causes lie too deep for
superficial treatment.
It is also opportune to call attention
to the wasteful extravagance of tho
governing authorities themselveB. While
fourteen houses of parliament (six of
thoni representing tho specially privileged classes, comprising in all ovor six
hundred members, and seven imported
governors fulfilling no useful functions)
are maintained for the government of
under five million pooplo, and, in addition, these governments are constantly
creating well-paid positions in reward
for political services, it is rightly contended that economy is most necossary
among those now engaged in preaching it to others., \
Taxation Suggestions
6. In lieu of suggestions, which must
prove abortive, to finance the war out
of the meagre earnings of the workors,
Australian Labor recommends tho adoption of the following alternative proposals:
(a) Confiscation of War Profits.—
The immediate imposition of a war-
profits tax of 100 per cent., whioh
would transfer to the national treasury
large sums of which the publie have
been looted by excessive charges on
nearly all commodities. These sums
cannot be returned to the individual
victims of the vampires who have
utilised tho war conditions to plunder
the people suffering its horrors, and
Bhould therefore be confiscated by the
government, and expended for the common good. This course would check
future profit-mongering and free the
government from the guilt of participating in a crime against the nation.
It iB obvious that to permit commercial brigands to retain any portion of
their illicit gains at this juncture is
a direct incentive, to them to oombine
to extort still higher profits in order
to recoup themselves for tho sums paid
in taxation. Only by taxing away the
wholo of such excessive profits can
that incontive be destroyed. Governments have no rightful reason for their
existence than to protect tho people's
Interests, and to share in the proceeds
of private blackmail is a negation of
the firBt principles of national morality.
To take part of such profits is to condone and encourage the offonce. To
take all ia the surost wny of abolishing
it. "Tho real object of such legislation should be to prevont, as far ""
possible, any war profits from "
made, in which caso tho money iUJ
sented by thoBe illicit gains would
main with tho people from whom
would-be profiteers were not able
get it. This would obviate the ne*
slty, of taxing it back, and therefore
aa prevention Is better than euro, il
wtnld ba preferable to aay taxation
• ropre-
re-
the
to
i neces-
re.
it
measure. ... A genuine war profits
tax would protect industry from the
spoliator without any exemptions."
(b) War Loans—All future loans to
be non-interest bearing. The principal
to be repayable over a period of, say,
25 years, in 4 per cent, annual instal
ments, sueh loans to be raised by a
compulsory pro rata levy upon the
owners of wealth. Over 300,000 of
Australia's manhood have voluntarily
riflked-their lives, as much for the protection of the wealthy as in defence
of national liberties. The overwhelming majority of these men belong to
the working class, and many thousands
of them have already made the supreme
sacrifice, while every day adds to the
number. The possessors of wealth, not
content with making frantic efforts to
compel, all other eligible men (also
mainly of the working class) to render military service, in defence of vested interests, are themselves only prepared to render niggard assistance in
financing the war by investing in gilt-
edged securities, with a national guarantee of high interest and exemption
from taxation. Is it too much to demand that those who remain at home,
in comfort and security, should lend
of their surplus wealth to equip our
soldiers for their dangerous service
and* make adequate provision for their
dependents! Or are they to continue
to be permitted to exact blood-money
for the temporary use of that portion
of their wealth required for the protection of the remainder, while the
poor aro being asked to stint their expenditure in order tq become humble
partners in the guilty systemf New
loans Hooted on thia basis should be
sufficient to provide for immediately
redeeming the present interest-bearing
war loans, so that all contributors will
in futur-rbe on the same level.
Some Land Holdings
(c) Community Land Values)—Over
one-third of the alienated lands of the
commonwealth are at present owned
by 701 persons, and their holdings
comprise most of the pick of the land,
both for quality and location, yet of
this area only 1% per eent. is culti
vated. The total unimproved value of
all alienated lands in Australia is officially estimated at £455,876,000, and
total revenue from all federal and
state land taxes combined is only a
little over £2,500,000 per annum, or
slightly more than one-half per cent,
on the total unimproved oapital value.
While this enormous reservoir of national wealth, created by the community, and continually enhanced in value
by publlo expenditure, remains practically untouched, what excuse can be
urged for the present attempt to levy
further tribute from the already exploited wage-worker t
Tbe Transfer of Figures
(d) Banking—Td those patriotic persons, unable or unwilling to serve In a
military, capacity, but anxious to be
of some service to the nation "in this
grave emergency," Australian Labor
suggests that many of them, possessing
current accounts at the private banks,
with large credit balances bearing no
interest, should transfer them under
the same conditions to the Commonwealth bank. Thia course would materially strengthen the people's own
financial institution, and malce available large sums to assist in financing
Australia's share in the war, without
adding to the public burden.
In conclusion, Australian Labor has
endeavored to set forth its views on
the all-important question of financing
Australia's war-burdens in a clear and
explicit manner, for a two-fold purpose Firstly, because it desires its
attitude to be clearly understood, and
that in opposing these undemocratic
and crude proposals they are by no
means unmindful of the financial obligations incurred by our participation
in . the, war. Secondly, because it is
convinced that unless the main principles embodied in these alternative
proposals are adopted, the people of
Australia will incur a measure of economic distress but little less disastrous
than the direct ravages of war, and
possibly leading to that civil disorder
whieh the present system of class legislation is pre-eminently calculated to
provoke.
From Parm's
Potato Patch
or. sighed
THE night was
dark aid stormy.
The wind whistled
and fairly howled.
Cy. Jenkins plodded his weary
way along Hyack
road through deep
mud. Thfi highway, too, waa dotted with numerous bog holes and
ruts. So old Cy. hung on to his "go-
tee." to keep from falling and maybe
get bpmired or drowsed.. The rain do-
Mended in terrific torrents, and the
water mixed with the earthy clay ao
aa to be impressible yet most adhesive.
Cy. beeame irritable and at times gave
vent to hla temper. He talked to himself in that beautiful language, so soft
so aweet and io familiar to the denizens of Hyack Canyon.  "Oh, 'twill be
my — luck to be squelched and
—" and before he could finish tht sentence he took a header and got a forced
mud-bath. When he arose again, ha
murmured that he wished "Hank
James and hit — hiughouse were In —"
and down he went again. The night
wu atill pitch dark, windy and wet.
The weary traveller pursued hla way
till he ran into a tall pole, hit hia nose
and made the blood to fly. When he
again eame to himself he spied a signboard nailed near the top of the pole.
With a deal of exertion he managed to
climb it, and aa the lightning flashed
h» read the placard, "One mile to Hank
James' atore: Fresh Oleo. and Prunes.
Bagpipes and Musical Instruments tor
Bale.'1 Then Cy. sighed. Ha wm not
equal to the occasion.   He waa speech-
PAGE SEVEN
SEMI-READY SERVICE
"Your obedient servant" is
the usual subscription to an
official letter.
"At your Service" is the sincere meaning behind every
Semi-ready garment
There are twenty years of
Service behind .each Semi-
ready Suit—twenty years
of proven satis?action.
Why cannot we be your Tailor? with such genuine
Semi-ready Tailoring Service to offer you.
SEMI-READY TAILORING
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville St.
Canada's Victory Loan
Will Keep the-Workers Busy
1X7HEN  the  war started many people pre-
' *    dieted the ruin of Canada's industries.
But time has shown that the natural resources
and basic industries of Canada arc of immense
importance in helping to keep Great Britain
supplied with food, munitions and equipment.
Because of this,, there has been a steady cash
market for the farmers, as well as plenty of work
at good wages for all the workers in other lines
of industry.
But now the time has come when Great
Britain can purchase her supplies on this side
of the .Atlantic only on credit. If Canada
does not grant this credit, Britain will be obliged
to place her orders where credit is available.
If Canada does grant this credit our cash
markets will be continued and the workers kept
busy.
The Only Way
to raise the money needed to establish this
credit is by borrowing from all the people of
Canada through the sale of Victory Bonds.
Every man and woman in Canada, therefore,
is vitally interested in the success of Canada's
Victory Loan, for upon its complete success
depends the continuance of Canada's agricultural
and business prosperity.
Everybody Benefits—Everybody should Buy
Canada's Victory Bonds
when they are offered November 12
I by Canada's Victory Loan Committee
!■ co-operation with the Minister ol Finance
ol the Dominion ol Canada. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Are You Satisfied
With Your Plates ?
The chief feature of a plate is fit, comfort and appearance. If it lacks this you should call and see
my samples of
PERFECT-FITTING  AND  NATURAL  PLATES
AT   PRICES   TOU   CAN   AFFORD   TO   PAT
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Phone
Seymour 3314
Evenings by
Appointment
ONE PRICE
$2.50
We lead   in   snappy
and up-to-date
models.
ONS PRICE
$2.50
Our slogan:   Quality
* at the loast possiblo
price.
Black and White Hat Store
HASTINGS AND ABBOTT
Ask Your Shoe Dealer
—about    "LECKIE"    SHOES
for BOYS ond GIRLS.
HE will toll you there is
NO HNER, STURDIER FOOTWEAR on Bole for thc youngsters
today.
DESPITE' the high cost of
leather, there is no variation in
the splendid WEATHER-DEFYING, HOLE-PROOF STOCK that
enters into thc making of these
SHOES.
THERE'S nothing skimpod—
nothing locking—and best of all,
they combine
Fit, Comfort and Style
(Mode in Vancouver by
Vancouver Workmen.)
I/BCKIB
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per lb .. SOe
Ayrshire Bacon SOe ud SSo
Slater's Tea, Ib  SOe
Slater's Coffee, lb. ;. ... SSe
Apex Jam, *-16. tins - 45c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 280
Evaporated Milk lOe
Jollo, 3 for  _. ate
McDonald's Pork and Beans Ue
.FRESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parts
131 Haatinga St. Ean    Say. 3268
830 OranviUe St.      Sey. 866
8214 Mali Street.    Fair. 1683
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 HMtlof ■ Street Weet
AT THE J. N. HARVEY STORES
3 Big Cases of
Stanfields'
Unshrinkable
Underwear
opened this week, and will be on
. sale at the old prices for a short
time.
This means that we are selling
as low, or less, than you oan buy
it wholesale.today.
PBIOES:
Flue Elastic RiV-Shirts and
drawers, $1.25 to $2.50
Heavy Bib—Shirts and drawers,
S1.50 to 82.50
Combination, $2.50 to $5.00
Buy underwear now at either
of our two reliable  stores for
men,
Two Reliable Storei for Men
lnB.0.
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign
It
126-127 HASTINOS ST. WEST
Alao 814-616 Yates St., Victoria
Boys' Shoes
Strong, leather Footwear for
the sturdy, lusty young ohaps.
Shoes with a certain style to
them that makes a lad feel real
proud of himself.
We haven't ovefloked a thing
in our Boys' Department.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINOS STBBBT WBST
Opp. Beak at Conacre.
Clothes win the three points
of interest to the man
who cares-
Style   Fit   Quality
Sold Only By
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 GRANVILLE ST. Also Burberry Coats
CAFE
UNFAIR LOT
Trades Council Last Night
Voted $100 to Assist
Waitresses' Strike
Ab the outcome of ft discussion at tbe
meeting of tbe Trades ftnd Labor Council
last night, a committee may visit Victoria
and take up with the provincial authorities
tho question of "closed towns" which tbe
Brewster government made such a row about
during the campaign bnt which it appears
to have forgotten aboat since taking office.
Although the officials of tbe council have
taken the matter np wtth official Victoria,
little satisfaction has been received. The
subject came up laBt nignt by Del. Morrison
asking information, ana mentioning that he
underBteod that tbe Britannia Mining company was about to import electrical workers
from Mew York, bat that no information
could be obtained because the company
owned the town, the police, etc., snd would
not let a stranger land tbere who wus not
wanted.
Tbe council put MacLeod's cafe on the
unfair list and subscribed $100 to assist
the striking waitresses In carrying on their
flght.
City Solicitor Jones came in for much
criticism by reason of some recent "opinions."
A letter wbb read from the city dork re
proportional representation. Del. Trotter declared that a letter of City Solicitor Jones
on the subject bad been inspired and wbb
"camouflaged." He said the civic officials
were afraid to hold an election under the
system well knowing It would put an end
to some of them as public servants. The
opinion of the solicitor, Trotter said, bad
been trumped up for an ulterior purpose.
Prosldent McVety said the first portion of
the city solicitor's letter was legal opinion
and tbe last was personal. It was a pity
the  office  could  be  prostituted  to  suit  the
will of tho aldermen, and this was not the
first time,
Tbe original committee of Dels. Hardy and
Bell was increased by Dels. Nelson, Mac-
farlane, Hawthorne, Swartz, Towler, Cotter-
ell, Crawford, Brown, Wight, Winger, Cowling, Bartley,
It was reported there is a probability of
reopening the agreements the Machinists
have and which contains a clause stipulating
tbat on fifteen days' notice the question of
schedules may bo reopenca.
A letter wus received from Calgary asking Information aB to the relations of the
police constables with labor unions, saying it
had been suggested that a union of Calgary
policemen be formed,
Business Agent Midgley reportod tbat
there was moro trouble with the Pacific
Dredging company, which was being looked
Into.
In this connection, President McVety reported tbat the deportation proceedings
against two dredgemen who were not in tbe
favor of the Pacific Dredging company had
been dropped after the reasons had' been
properly presented to the authorities.
Tho lumbermen's union, after much
trouble in trying to reorganize, had gone out
of existence.
MacLeod's cafe was formally declared to
be unfair to union labor and all unions will
back the Waitresses in the flght for better
conditions. The strike has now been going
on for 21 days. A special committee of
Dels. Thomas, Showier, Macfarlane, Hubble
and Pool was appointed to assist in carrying on the strike. One hundred dollars was
voted to assist the Waitresses. A check Is
going to be kept on business men who visit
the cafe.
The committee on the scale for the Bartenders'   union  reported  progress.
The Compensation act committee, by Del,
Hubble, reported that a meeting had been
held with the board in Victoria. The most
of the time was taken up in a discussion
as to what should be construed as an accident. The hoard at the present time had
not set down any rules, but dealt with each
case on its merits. Some doctors and employers eaused delay by not reporting cases.
It waa the opinion the; board was not Uking
a liberal view of the act and was trying to
save money. As to the powers of the board
to enforce safety devices, It was the opinion
of the board their powers were not wide
enough. The committee did not agree with
this. The board, however, Ib going to reconsider some of its decisions. The report
was received and the committee was continued,
A further asm of $50 was donated to the
campaign fund.
The following new delegates were seated:
Longshoremen, Geo. Thomas, F. Hughes, 0.
J. Kelly, W. Duff, G. White, W. Elliott;
Waitresses, Miss M. Kelly; CookB and Walters, Fred Welton; Pile Drivers, W. Campbell; TeamBters, W. M. Brown; Civic Employees, J. White, J. C. Wood; Blacksmiths,
M. Smith; Sailors, Peder Pell.
Will Fire the Opening
Broadside on November 6
(Continued from Page One.)
ent arrangements, but it is probable
that Miss Helena Gutteridge, the campaign manager, will have something to
say respecting the plans.
At the last meeting of the campaign
committee Miss Outterldge was selected aB manager of the campaign, and
she is going about her work with great
energy. The following is the personnel
of the campaign committee, the candidates having selected some and the local unionB the rest:
0. Eirkpatrick, Shipyard Laborers';
F. Knowles, Letter Carriers'; J.
Brooks, Machinists', No. 182; P. Bengough, Machinists', No. 777; P. Bath-
bone, North Shore Civic Employees';
T. Fawkes, Boilermakers'; W. Walker,
Steam and Operating Engineers'; 0.
Harrison, Civic Employees'; A. Macdonald, Carponters'; H. Neelands, Typos'; F. W. Welch, Plumbers'; B.
Showier, teamsters'; A. P. Glenn, Retail Clerks'; G. Richardson, City Firemen; A. 0. Hansen,' Motion Picture
Operators'; McKay, Electrical Workers'; B. W. Lane, Butchers and Meat
Cutters; R. P. Pettipiece, B. C. Federationist; W. Dagnall, Bricklayers;
W. F. IronBideB, Pile Drivers'; 0. 8.
CasBidy, Stonecutters'; A. Crawford,
Sheet Metal Workers; G. Rigby, Street
Railwaymen; Nightscales, Pattern
Makers'.
Elected by local unions: E. C. Appleby, Civic Employees'; W, Lyons,
Machinists', No. 777; A, Graham,
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses'; D. C.
Surott, Railway Carmen; William J.
Murdock, Electrical Workers'; W. Taylor, Carpenters'; Hector Smith, Butchers and Meat Cutters'; E. B, Anderson, Hydraulic Dredgomon; J. P,
O'Neill and Georgo Jamieson, Steam
and Operating Engineers'; M. A,
Phelps, Shipyard Laborers'; George H.
Hardy and J. B. Campbell, Carpenters'.
In addition to thc abovo, other locals are also to name members of tho
campaign committee,'
The committee has selected the following sub-committees:
Publicity—R. P. Pcttipicco, V. R,
Midgley, J. H. McVety, J. Brooks and
MisB Helena Gutteridge.
Finunce—B. Showier, Miss Helena
Gutteridge, A, Crawford.
W. F. Ironsides is to bo chief steward at public meetings, and ho will
have members of the Pile Drivers' local as assistants.
The high cust of living und the inability of parents to make both ends
meet has forced nearly three times as
many Wisconsin children into shops nnd
factories than ever before in the history of the Htate. In the month of
September, 1016, 839 permits were issued by the industrinl commission to
children between the ages of 14 and
16. During September of this year,
2187 permits were issued. Down with
autocracy! Up with the banner of democracy!
Self-Reducing
Those Who
Prefer
Nemo
Corsets
will find oui* stock specially replete with the various numbers which constitute the best in this
particular make. Nemo
corsets possess many features that will not be
found in other corsets—
patented inventions of
recognized "worth. Let us
show you Nemo corsets.
There are models here
that have been designed
for your particular figure
type.
—A perfect model for average
full figures; mnssuges away
excoss flesh; medium bust nnd
skirt, stylish and comfortable.
Fine white coutil; at $4.50-
—Model for heavy figures of
medium height: has Nemo relief bands and self'reducing
straps. Excellent features
that ensure figure reduction.
Fine white coutil; at $6.00
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
FUSION TICKET CAUSES FUSION
Never in local political history has
there been a more amusing situation
than that presented by the old, hidebound Tories trying to call themselves
"unionists," 'juat "ob if that name
would smell any better with Sir Robert Borden as leader., .
Locally, the endeavors of the Tories
and the Win-the-War word fighters are
filling columns of space in the newspapers, as they try to outgeneral each
other. Up to date the old-timers, the
Tories, have made monkeys out of the
leaguers, and evon Rev. Principal
Vance, who deserves many medals for
the heroic fights he haB had verbally, is down and out after the run-in
with the more cunning Tories.
The other day a ludicrous situation
aroso. Vance made the mistake of saying, boldly, publicly, that the league
had been cold-decked by the Tories.
They had pretended to be very friendly
and earnest in their desire to have a
"fusion" ticket, and let Vance have
all tho rope he wanted.
What Vance was after was the nomination himself, many believe. Of
course, Rev. Mr. Vance denies this, and
who would question a divine of his
standing?
However, it turned out that they met
some more over the same subject of
who to run and not to run in that
much-advertised '' democratic'' convention tho Tories are talking about,
and at this meeting the Tories made
the reverend gentleman apologize for
accusing them of cheating.
Vance says ho didn't apologize.
The secretary of the Conservative executive says he did.
CIRCULATION NOTES
Last week thc Civic Employees'
union added their entire membership to
The Federationist mailing list,, to be
mailed to the individual homo of each.
This week the Shipyard Laborers'
have followed the example of u long
list of unions by subscribing in a
body for The Fed. The membership
of this union is growing rapidly, and
it moans that hereafter the shipbuilding industry of the wholo of B. C. Pa-
cific.coaBt is "covered" by The Fed.
Arrangements ure now being made to
issue ii Vancouver Island section of
The Fed., probably four pages, making
a 12-pago paper possible at an early
date. The Victoria unions huve been
asked to raise u subscription list in advance of 1000 or over, as a guurnntoo
of good faith and an aid to securing
sufficient advertising patronage to
warrant the undertaking.
Next week Tho Fed. will issue a 12-
pnge paper, a four-page section of
which will bo given over to the B, 0.
F, of L, central campaign committee,
and matters of special interest to Foderntionist readers. Ten thousand extra
copicB will bo printed, for circulation
overseas and throughout tho five constituencies whoro the B. C. F. of L,
will have candidates in thc federal
campaign.
A Kamloops new reader writes: "I
am enclosing a postal note for subscription price of your paper. I have
soon several issues recently and am
pleased with tho wny you deal with
tho various questions of tho day. I
nlso feel that poBstbly this subscription muy holp you to that oxtent.
'Moro power to your elbow.' "
Thnnks to Business Agent Midgley
of the central labor body and the enthusiastic support given bim by the
membership of the two-months-old
Butchers' union, The Federatlonist
mailing list was yesterday increased
by 225 names, the entire membership,
embracing batchers and packing house
employees, "Whut a grand and glorious feeling!"
FRIDAY. November %. 1017
MASS MEETING AI
S
A FROST
Much - Advertised "Union"
Government Meeting:
Poorly Patronized
Ministers Made Poor Defence of Old Borden
Government
The "mass" meeting at the Horse
Show building Tuesday night, advertised, boosted and pudded by the Conservative machine to make a boom for
the '' Union' '-Conservative government, waB a complete and chilling
frost, mixed with the odor of a barnyard. Tne place was cold and chilly
inside, for, without, a drizzling rain
fell. The political stench that arose
after tho political patriots began to
fight was even stronger than tho manure.
It is doubtful if there were more
persons gathered in the great building
than were gathered at tne Vancouver
hotel the other night to hear ex-Judge
Mclnnes hammer the so.-called
"union" government. So it must have
have been a big disappointment to
Hon. A. J. Calder, erstwhile Liberal,
but turned Conscrvative-for-office, and
Hon, Martin. Burrell, a small man, very
accomplished in specchmaking. As both
seemed to be insincere, the crowd
didn't seem to warm up in the lenBt.
Some of tho naughty "rebels," the
Liberals, attempted to arrange a joint
debate between Barrell and Mclnnes,
but unsuccessfully. ,Hnd they succeeded in this the Horse Show building
would have been crowded. But that
would never do—debate tho issues in
public that way. Tho government has
not a leg to stand upon, but it has attempted to disguise itself by taking
the Old Flag and wrapping it around
'its feeble form. Judgo Billy would
have yanked the Old Flag from Bar-
roll's und Calder's "union" govornment form and displayed a body filthy
with political rottenness.
And the meeting was presided over
by another staunch "unionist," E. P.
Davis. It was riot very long ago that
E. P, was (nnd perhaps still is, who
knows?) counsel for the Canadinn
Northern railway. Yes, the C. N, R. is
the Mackenzie & Mann line, and the
Borden government gave Mackenzie &
Mann $00,000,000 for their "controlling" interest in the line, when, ns a
matter of fact, tho stock the government bought wasn't worth the paper
it was written on. But those two well-
known railway burglars needed the
money, and it was up to tho Borden
government to pay its old political
debts,
Burrell made a fair enough speech.
He has always boen a Tory, ond a
member of the Borden government for
a considerable time. But Calder found
it hard to excuse his attitude. It
looked so much ns if he had been
bought and paid for. He waB one of
the furious antl-Borden, anti-profiteering, anti-crooked governtatnt and anti-
thiB and anti-thnt only a few weekB
ago.
But somebody got to him in the right
sort of way, and now Calder appears
A UNION STORE FOR UNION MEN
Fine Overcoat
Exhibit
All kinds of Overcoats
—all of them good Overcoats. Here in our store
is your chance to see all
the best styles and all the
best fabrics.
Belted models, Trench
models, Box models—with
or without raglan shoulders — Chesterfields, and
others. Styles frankly
smart or quietly conservative. Under "Our Right
Selling Plan" prices are
easy—
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35,
$40
TTutSchtftoerANui
'THE HOME OF HARTSCHAf FNER & MARX ClOTHES",!
MM I TED
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
as "minister of immigration and colonization." Something about which ho
doesn't seem to know a thing. However, there's $12,500 a year in it. Almost anybody is willing to wager that
what attracted Calder toward tho
union government wasn't the great
anxiety to "win tho war" he expresses.
"Joker" in the Borden Deck
'' Who is Senator Robertson!'' queries
The Voice, Winnipeg, "That is the
question which many labor men aro
asking themselves since it has been announced that he had been taken into
the union cabinet as a representative of
labor. It appears that the labor senator is an unknown quantity among the
rank and tile in the west nt least. Even
the officials of organized labor in Winnipeg only know the senator by repute
as a former railway telegrapher.   He
was never prominent in labor circles
outsldo of his own order. The senate
seems the last place in the world in
which to look for a labor man or, in
fact, for any one who has any notion
about work. It would appear that Sir
Robert Borden can expect but few additions to his following by virtue of
the Robertson appointment. Up to date
there is but little about the new governmont which will appeal to labor men.
The cabinet may look mighty good to
the "interests" and no doubt it does
but there is little about it to command
the fealty of the common people,' *
Whin Vancouver Centra Liberals Start
The Ward Two Liberal association eame
out very strongly last night with regard to
the "union" government. It ll agalnit It.
The following resolution wai unanimously
endorsed: "That the delegates from Ward
Two Liberal association be instructed to
support only an absolute Liberal candidate
In opposition to any otber candidate."
Big Sale of Veilings
Friday and Saturday
SPOBT NETS 20c each or 2 for 35^
INDIVIDUAL NETS, eaeti 89c to $1,50    S !
VEILINGS all colors, per yard 204 to 504   -il
•SafrfckCo.
y aM//lineiy
_t ___\ Window
S32 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3291
ENGLISH NAVY BLUE
SUITS
Guaranteed fast color, in single
and double-breasted. Sizes 34 to
44.
Price $20.00
American Overcoats
for men and young men. All styles
and sizes. Prices $15, $18, $20
and $25.
HOLEPROOF SOCKS
In aU colors and prices
Um/kd
33.*M7-49H.vmN*MST&An.

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