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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 26, 1917

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y ■,'?/& Vancouver \
I  City, 12.00  )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Had Just Alighted From His
Car When Accident.
Alroady the i
Hospital Reports Last Night
Indicated He Was
Doing WeU
A serious accident 'occurred at 2:3(
o 'clock yesterday afternoon at the corner of Prior and Main streets when
Kenneth MacLean, motorman No. 1007,
who had just alighted from hiB car,
was struck by a big auto truck belong*
ing to tho Kirk Coal Co., Main street.
Tho polico ambulance was telephoned
for immediately. It arrived on the
scene in a few moments and rushed the
badly-injured motorman to the General
hospital where he was attended by Dr.
B. L. Turnbull. It was found that Bro,
MacLean's left wrist was fractured
and his right thigh dislocated.
At the hospital late last night it was
'reported the injured man was doing
bb well as could be expected.
Teamsters' and Chauffeurs' Bold Talk-
fest With General Employers.
A special meeting of tho Teamsters'
and Chauffeurs' union will be held at
3 p.m. Sunday in Boom Wl, Labor
Temple, to consider a report of a com*
mittee which, last night, met representatives of tho General Cartage association.
At the meeting of the union last
night 20 new members were dddod,
bringing the total enrolment well over
the 600 mark.
During the week, four men employed
at the Hanbury yard were discharged
but the matter was taken up by the
union and two of tho men who had not
yet obtained new positions were rein*
The Teamsters' and Chauffeurs' are
making a splendid record. It was organized but a few weeks ago. Every
meeting Bees new membera enrolled.
The men aro taking a great interest
in their organization, tho benefits of
which are already apparent ln more
ways than one.
This bBe Where Girls
Are   \ Strike for
Bett. ^Conditions
f"'*,..' of Waitresses' at
rought about better conditions ««■;: ■? girls who took
the strikers' plaeg. :.'he girls at work
havo beon promistSliiey will be either
given one day oil a week, or paid if
they are compelled to work. This is a
big concession but McLeod would not
give it till they went on strike, and
then, not to the strikers.
The girl pickets have quite a list
now of business and professional men
who are Bteady patrons of McLeod's.
A number of retail clorks whose
weekly half-holiday was obtained
through the influence of orgainzed
workers, continue to patronize McLeod's.
The girls on strike were not asking
for a weekly half-holiday, which gives
.retail clerks Sundays off as well aB a
half weekday, but only for ono day
off in a week, whether Sundny or any
Although Organized But a
Few Weeks Membership
Is Very Good
On account of the success which the
Sawfllers' are meeting in thoir organization the initiation feo, now 05, may
be raised in the near futuro to $10 or
"'♦15. The union expects to either get
a charter from the American Federation or become affiliated with some organization whieh has. The union was
started on Sept. 30, which was the first
attempt ever made to organize this
class. The progress tnade thus far is
very gratifying, the membership being
at about 35, which ia large wben it is
considered there are not moro than
three of four filers in tho lorgost mills.
Following are the officers: President,
W. H. Donaldson; vice-president,
George Keith; secretary-treasurer, A.
J. Corbln.
Nut Affair Promises to Be Greater
Success Then Lut.
Flans are being made for another
dance at whieh the Waitresses' union
will be tho hosts of the rest of organized Labor. The lust dance in Eagle's
hall brought a crowd which filled the
place to capacity. At it is expected
the crowd this time will be larger, It is
being arranged to get a larger hall,
either the Dominion or Cotillion. The
date of the dance is to be Oct. 21.
laic Pltbaldo ud D. Campbell to Probe
O. P. B. Labor Issue.
The federal ministor of labor has established a board of conciliation which
will endeavor to adjust the differences
between tbe Canadian Pacific Railway
and its trainmen, conductors, baggagemen, etc, Tho dispute between the
company and its employees Is over a
new schedule affecting wages and
working conditions gonernlyl. Isaac
Pltbaldo, K.C., Winnipeg, hns been
named as tho representative of the
company on the board, and David
Campbell, also of Winnipeg, will represent the men. The unions interested
are the Ordor of Railway Conductors
nnd the Brotherhood of Bailrood Train*
Organize Faotory Workers.
W. Thomas, business agent of tho
Carpenters', reports thot the efforts to
organize thc mill and factory workors
is going ahead satisfactorily. Information may bo obtained of Bro. Thomas,
at Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Instead of being a seut of learning,
* it seems thnt Columbia university, under the administration of Nicholas
Murray Butler, is merely a shop wherein
"sabotage" is practiced upon the human intellect, in order to keep it
abreast of Wllsonlan "democracy."
A Special Meeting of Campaign Committee on
Monday Night
Result of I. T. U. Referen
dum Locally—Secretarial Notes
Voting by Vancouver Typographical
union on the propoaed amendments to
laws of the international union at the
referendum held on October 17 result
ed as follows: On the proposition to
provide a minimum of 30 cents per
month to be paid into the pension fund
and the mortuary benefit fund, 06 voted
in favor and 61 against; on the proposition to gradually increase the salaries
of tbe president and secretary-treasurer
to $5,000 per year, 31 voted in favor
and 96 against; on tbe proposition to
require that proposed amendments to
laws to be submitted to the referendum
shall receive endorsement from 160
unions, 63 voted in favor and 58
against. Two plans to protect the membership of members in war service were
submitted-—one to refer thie taatter to
local unions to handle ob they see fit,
and the other to provide ii fund'Ty"hi-
«es§1ug the entire membership ten cents
per member per month from which
fund each local union shall be reimbursed tbe amount paid in dues for
members on active service. Seventy-
three members voted in favor of the
first plan and 43 against. The second
plan received 46 votes and 63 ngainst.
Word was received in the city Saturday that Pte. W. C. Fogarty, who
left for overseas with the B. G. Bantams and who was wounded in tho face
with shrapnel in the fighting around
LenB, is now convalescing in one of the
London hospitals. At flrst it waB
thought that Pte. Fogarty's eyesight
had been damaged, but the good work
of tho oxperts in the hospital prevented that calamity.
Becent arrivals are L. D. Parke and
W. G. Potable, both from Winnipeg.
J, J. Bandolph has departed eastward.
The regular monthly meoting will be
held Sunday next, at 2 p.m., Tn Labor
Demonstration of OMc Election By
Proportional Eepresentatlon.
Tho proportional representation system of elections is at last to be demonstrated with tho civic fathers as
spectators and participants. It is pro*
posed by the society which Is carrying
on a campaign for the adoption of this
form of settling elections, to hold a
big meoting and civic election under
the proportional system in the noor future as a means of backing up their
arguments that it is a better way than
the old. Aid. Hamilton is now in the
east and tbe date of tbo demonstration
will be arranged upon his return as be
is one of the champions of tbe society.
Aid, Hamilton has given notice of
bis Intention to iptroduce a bylaw providing civic voting under tho system
and he will taove it at the council
meeting Novomber 5. The city, undor
powers granted by tho legislature, can
change to that system by a three*
fifths majority or to submit the question to the electors in the form of a
Enthusiasm  Prevails  and
Labor Will Go Down
the Line Solid
Within the next few days tbe campaign of tbe B. C. F. of L. candidates
in tbe federal elections will be got
under way with a big rush, for all the
groundwork, ia being carefully laid and
every preparation made to conduct an
effective flght against tke old political
parties. Local politicians are getting
very busy on account of tke entrance
of labor candidates into the flght, for
tkey realize tkat if orgain«d and unorganized labor will stand together tko
succcsb of tbo B. C. F. of L. candidates iB aasured.
The special campaign committee will
meet at 8 o'clock Monday nlgkt, ln the
Labor Temple, to complete arrangements and prepare for public meetings.
Tke individual unions are entering tke
campaign witk a Jiearty spirit and
great enthusiasm, wWch, carried to itB
just conclusion, will mean success.
Never before in the history of the
Labor movement in Canada kas so
muck been ot stake, and tbe working-
class is waking up to this fact. Tke
result is a great determination to bend
every effort to win in tko forthcoming
fight, and send Labor representatives
to Ottawa.
All of tke unions visited by Victor
E. Midgley, candidate for tbe constituency of Burrard, and J. H. McVety,.
for Vnncouver South, k&ve promised
support and financial kelp. Each union
is invited to have a representative on
tbe campaign committee. In tbis way
a strong organization will be built up
for tbe carrying forward of all details.
Dredgermen Engage Agent.
Boy Massecar of the Structural Iron
Workers' is acting aa business agent
for tbo Hydraulic Dredgermen.
The Government Refuses to
Take Any of Its
Own Medicine
As late as Oct. 24, it seems tbat Old
Mother Crotkers was still on tke job as
minister of labor at Ottawa, tbe alleged "national" government to tbe
contrary notwithstanding. This. time
it is the Letter Carriers', One would
have thought tkat wkat tne government
considered was good legislation for
otker cmployera would.be likewise good
for departmental employees each as the
postmen. But evidently not so. Law
is truly for others than the law-makers.
In a word, government is only meant
for tbe governed; the governors are
to go scot free. A daily press dispatch
from Ottawa, says:   ?
"The demand of tke Letter Carriers'
for an increase itf wages is not a matter which comes under the jurisdiction
of the labor department in any way,
according to Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister of labor. Wben asked Tuesday
wkether it' would be' possible for tbe
labor department to establish a board
of conciliation under the Industrial
Disputes act to arbitrate tke matter,
Mr. Crotkers expressed tke opinion tkat
tkis could not be done. Tke labor department, he said, would not interfere
witk tke management of any otker de*
partment of tke government. The question of an increase in wages for tke
Letter Carriers', wouldj ke thought, be
considered and dealt with by the
authorities of tho postofflco department
and their colleagues."
Better Conditions of Work Will Be
Given Thorough Discussion.
Cards are out announcing a mass-
meeting of drivers of milk routes, to*
night, in the Labor Temple. The purpose of the meeting ia to give the subject of a six-day week thorough discussion. At present, milk-vagon drivers
are working under very poor conditions. Many of tbem have joined the
Teamsters' and Chauffeurs' union and
it is expected tkat in a short time
every driver in the eity will have become a member.
Mass Meeting of Workers to
Be Held Thursday
Night Next
May Nominate Then or Decide on What Day to
Hold Convention
Trades and Labor council of tke Boyal
City, at its meeting Wednesday night,
decided to put a candidate in tke field
at tke forthcoming federal -election, Organized labor in tko constituency is
strong enbugk to win if the members
stick together in tbe coining fight, and
preparations are to be made at onoe to
got a man in the field and give bim
solid backing. A mass-meeting of all
working class people, organized and unorganized, bas been called for next
Thursday nigkt, Nov. 1, wken tke Bubject will be tborougkly discussed. It Ib
possible a candidate to represent tne
working doss will be nominated at tkis
meeting. In tbe event tkat tke selection does not take place tken, tke
meeting will decide on a convention
Tke questions which the council sent
to the mayor regarding tho fuel situation and prices are to be brougbt up
at a meeting called for next Tuesday
night. Various bodies will have representatives. Tbe Trades and Labor
council will send three delegates.
All unions report good progress, and
the Cigarmakers' reported that conditions were showing some improvement
as business was getting better in their
It was one of tke best attended meetings tko council has bad for somo time.
Two -new organizations joined—tke
Shipyard Helpers' union and the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.
Sash sod Door Hen.
Sash and door men wbo are organizing as a local of tbe United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners met
Wednesday night. They will be the
fourth local conneeted with tke Carpentera'.
Victoria Committee of B. C.
. F. of L Getting Down
to Business
VICTOBIA, Oct. 24.—The Victoria
campaign committee of the B. C. F. of
L. kas boen organized and is now getting down to busineu. Vice-president
Taylor called the meeting to order last
night and the following officers were
elected: Chairman, J, Taylor, Longshoremen; secretary, R, W. Durt, Machinists'; treasurer, J. Winn, Long*
shoremen. A letter was received from
tke B, 0. Federation of Labor executive, wblch had held a special meeting
here on Sunday last, issued for the instruction of campaign committees, and
the committee will be governed accordingly. Committees were appointed
io attend local union meetings for the
purpose of enlisting tbe support of.thc
respective memberships hnd collecting
funds for the campaign. Tke Victoria
district delegates to the Nanalmo nominating convention, to be held on tke
31st, will be asked to become parties
to forming a joint committee witk a
view to efficiently covering Saanich
and Esquimalt.
WiU Hold a Meeting With
Employers to Discuss
Having completed thoir new wage
schedule the newly-organized Butchers'
and Meat Cutters' union has arranged
for a committee to meet aome of tho
employers tonight. Business Agent
Oraham has received many applications
for union cardB to be placed in shops
employing members of the union, Tbls
is at the request of the employers who
desire tho fact to be known to their
At the laBt meeting of the union |25
was voted as the flrst subscription to
the fund for the campaign of the B. C.
F. of L. candidates. A number of new
members have been enrolled and the
union iB in a flourishing condition.
******* ******* ******* *******
The Era of Plunder and Pelf
Is Doomed—ProfitWrung
From Sweat and Gore
Must End.
THE OLD order is rapidly approaching its Waterloo. It is
riding for a fall, a fall that promises its complete collapse. Upon
the bloody field of Europe the
older feudalism and the newer
capitalism are at death grips, and
both will go down and out as a
result of the conflict. The world
will never again be as it was before; a new order will rise from
the ashes of the old; the ancient
autocracies and tyrannies must
pass away and make room for that
democracy which is as a veritable
stur of hope to the progressive and virile thought of the age.
That humanity may safely pass
through tho gates leading to the freedom and the higher civilization that lies
just beyond—those gates that are being
thrust open by the bloody hand or
that fraticidal struggle by kneans of
which ruling class tyranny is now destroying Itself and its further power
for mischief upon the earth—requires a
statesmanship of infinitely greater calibre, of wider and clearer vision, of far
tougher moral fibre and with a much
more thorough understanding of the
facts of social and economic life, and
the lesson of history, than is possessed
by the gibbering nonetltiea and the
impotent mediocrities that constitute
the personnel of ruling class govern*
ments of the present day.
No more pitiful sight was ever offered to either gods or mortals, than
that of the dull stagnation that la so
painfully apparent in Canadian political lifo, at this critical moment.
The federal capital, and every provincial capital as well, is In the fumbling clutch of dull mediocrity and'vulgar reaction.
Not a progressive thought, not even
the faintest indication of the presence
of an advanced idea along the line of
social and economic advancement, not
the slightest conception of the significance of the great tragedy thnt is being played upon the stage of human
events, nor any manifestation of the
least desire or intention to heed the
warning or profit by the lesson being
sounded by the bloody clash of arms,
haB yet run the gauntlet of the miasmatic poison emanating from the stagnant and deadly pool of Canadian political life, since the present forces of reaction were able to seize the reins of
rule through the opportunity afforded
under the eicitement of war.
Could nnything be more convincing
of the mediocrity and the political
bankruptcy of those at present in
power, than the very shibboleths they
are sounding forth to the electorate in
order to secure a further lease of office t
In view of the undoubted fact that
there is not a voter in Canada who
could be truthfully charged with a de*
sire that the present war should be
lost to the Entente Allies, what more
open confession of intellectual and
moral bankruptcy could be made than
by this " Winthe-Wai" slogan, that is
being sounded by the reaction in order
to be returned to the pool it has made
Is It not a fact that outside of that
Uthtrs is ao israi open wMch a «c»
ctssM apptal can bt mods to tbt mat
common ptoplt of this or any othtr
country, txetpt tbat of anti-proflt wring.
HA jrtat miltitadt In Canada already
batt tho profit lords that fatten and
batttn upon thtm through tht control
of  lnduitry,  transportation  and  com*
UNo moro pitiful sight was svor offend
to tttl.tr gods or mortals, than thtt of
tho dull stagnation that is so painfully
appaxont lo Canadian political lift at
this critical momont.
HKlnt mtn tut of ovory tta aro sick
of tht prosont tbltring gamo, whtroby
millions art gathtrtd oat of tht swtat
of labor in timt of poact and still
grtattr millions from its blood and
agony i° timt of war.
HThey tvtn now oagarly await tbo in*
orltablo boor whon thoy may bt glnn
tht intitlmablo privlltgt of "going
om tho top" against tbt profit-grabbing patriots wbo skulk in tbt political
troncbos at Ottawa and tho provincial
flTht political party tbat bas tht conviction and tba couragt to sound tbo
slogan of "down with all profiteering"
and go forth to tha country npon a
platform to tbat tfftct, will swats all
"camouflagtd" motion from tho board
in a voritablt wblrlwlrd and bring tbo
wint of purification a regeneration to a
land that has boon as bastly defllid
by tbt evil boasts of class rule and
robbery, as wart tbt fabled Augean
Stables defiled by tbt 8,000 oien.
5[A multitude of tfatit tamest democrats
anxiously await tbo hoar whon thty
may havt tbt opportunity to strike a
blow in defense of democracy and to
tho utter undoing ot those sinister and
maltvoltnt intereiti in human society
that not only plunder thom upon the
field of Industry, but void tht rheum
of their hatred and contempt for do*
mocracy upon thom, at ovary opportunity, by means of military conscription and war-time election acts, tnd
similar infamies.
it has nothing with which to bait a
hook, unless it mny bo a few cheap
promises of increased pensions for soldiers, civil service reform, and such
petty subterfuges, thut are always
known to be the regular stock in trade
of those statesmen of the stagnant pool
era, who, as a matter of fact ,are intellectually und morally incapnble of
anything above the level of a dull political mediocrity I
A "Union government"; a government composed of political nondescripts; a government of "mavericks;"
a ringed, streaked and speckled government; a camouflaged government, is
merely open confession of the same
stage of moral turpitude, intellectual
bankruptcy and senile decay as that
which marks the declining ycurs of thc
capitalist system whose logical expression such a government is, that capitalist system of property in slaves and
profit in their exploitation which is now
rapidly approaching its Waterloo in
the bloodiest Btruggle ever recorded,
and the death rattle in whose throat
is heard in the impotent pulings of its
alleged statesmen and other apologists
through their election slogans.
But the common peoplo of Canada
are not reactionary; they are not intellectually bankrupt; the miasma of a
stagnant pool of ineptitude is not their
mental food, nor is that pool their
Instinctively they are democrats, end
they are rapidly accumulating a stock
of hatred against all thatvmakes for
reaction and oppression, that bodes
but ill for the political and economic
mediocrities that flaunt democracy by
their every act, while professing the
most intense lip-loyalty In her service.
A multitude of these earnest democrats anxiously await the hour when
they may have the opportunity to strike
a blow in defense of democracy and
Freedom's Host Will Rally
at the Call — Political
Humbug and Camouflage
Must Go.
to the utter undoing of tlio**) sinister
and malevolent interests in human society that not only plunder thom upon
the field of industry, but void thc
rheum of their hatred and contempt
for democracy upon them, ut every opportunity, by means of military conscription and war-time election acts,
and siinilar infamies.
A great multitude in Canndn already
hnte the profit lords tbat fatten and
batten upon them through the control
of industry, transportation and commerce.
Upon general principles they would
greatly enjoy the opportunity of taking a political fall out of thc ruilway,
banking, bacon, munitions, steel, copper, lumber, coal and kindred thieving
They even now eagerly await the inevitable hour when they may be given
the inestimable privilege of "going
over the top" against the profit-grabbing patriots who skulk in tbe politicnl trenches at Ottawa and the provincial capitals.
Whenever the call of democracy is
s-iunded for the assault upon the battlements of privilege and profit, there
will occur a swift and sweeping turnover in Canadian politics, that will
clear the social and economic: sky of
political buzzards and purge thc ntag-
nant pool of its foul and evil-smelling
There is no issue upon which a successful appeal con be made to the great
common people of this or any other
eountry, except that of nnti-profitecr-
i tig-
Nine men out of every ton uro sick
of the present thieving game, whereby millions are gathered out of the
sweat of labor in time of pence nnd
still greater millions from its blood
and ngopy in time of wnr.
The patriotic greed of the great dominant interests in Cnnada and throughout the world, to pile up untold millions
at the expense of the blood and enr-
nuge of half a world ot war, has
brought thousands to nn understanding
of the iniquity of thc whole profit
game, and has so aroused their hatred
for it, that they will seize tho first up*
portunity to deal it the death-blow if
The political party that has thc conviction nnd the courage to sound the
slogan of "down with all profiteering"
and go forth to the country upon a
platform to that effect, will sweep ell
"camouflaged" reaction from the
bonrd in a veritable whirlwind, and
bring th* wine of purification a regeneration to a land that bus been os
basely defiled by the evil bcustt* of
class rule and robbery, as were the
fabled Augean Stables defiled by the
3,000 oxen.
Such a call will rally aU of thc progressive and decent elements in fhe land,
for the one common purpose of clearing the wny for n better and a more
satisfactory civilization.
And such a Call for Democracy is
assuredy due upon this western continent, for in no other part of tlie earth
is there greater need for it, nor where
there ib less to stand In the way of an
earnest and overwhelming response io
it. ,
Let the cnll be made. There is no
doubt us to the response.
WiU Organize for Purpose
of Securing Legislative
A meeting of women wage-workers
of the city was held last night in the
large hall of the Labor Temple, for
the purpose of organizing to obtain
the enactment and enforcement of a
minimum wage statute for women in
this city. A committee composed of
Miss Hartney, Miss Glashoff, Miss
Alice Begnall, Miss Smith, Miss Law-
son and Miss Fern was appointed to
draft a constitution and draw up bylaws for such organization. Tbis committee will report at a meeting of
women wage-workers to be held on
Thursday evening, Nov.■ 8. V. B.
Midgley and Miss Helena Gutteridge
will assist the committee in the work.
The meeting, though not attended in
large numbers, waa notable for ita
earnestness and enthusiasm. Several
speakers addressed the women present
and all. laid empkaaie on the need for
organization, not only to obtain the
legislation, but also to obtain its enforcement nfter It waa made law.
Among the speakers were J. H. McVety, president of Vancouver Tradea
and Labor Council; V, B. Midgley,
business agent of the council; Miss
Helena Gutteridge, who presided at the
meeting; H. Johnson, international organizer of the CookB, Waiters nnd
Waitresses' union, and Miss Hartney.
Two of the speakers called the attention of the meeting to the conditions
in a local canning factory, where young-
girls are employed at low wages and
in unhealthy surroundings. They emphasized the fact that these conditions
were only possible beeause women were
not organized sufficiently strong enough
to insist on and force better conditions.
One speaker stated that girls of 12
years of age were employed at this
place, and that the highest wage paid
wns 16 cents an hour.
Boiler Makers Make Decision of Metal Trades
Another Mass-Meeting Son-
day Prior to Returning
to Work on Monday
At laat night's meeting of tbe Boil)*
Makers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpen,
after an enthusiastic session of toave
400 members, It waa agreed that if
Coughlan's would sign the all-union
agreement submitted by them, at a
counter proposal last Monday, tk*
strike would be called off ud 111 the
afflliated unions of the Metal Tradea
would return to work Monday morning. This decision makes the actios
of the Metal Tradea Coancil unanimous,
A special mass-meeting of the Metal
Trades Counoil will be held in tk*
Labor Temple on Sunday to complete
At the Metal Tradea Couneil meeting
Wednesday the whole situation wu
thoroughly canvassed and the conclusion was to recommend that the unions
out on atrike should accept the compromise offer of tba Coughlan people.
All of the unions had decided to accept | the offer with the exception of
the Boiler Makers' who Insisted on tke
closed shop, to which it is understood
John Coughlan haa agreed. He will be
expected to sign up before the mra
go back on the job.
The strike was called on Oct. 4, upon
the return of their business agent, J.
H. Carmlchael. who with Duncan Me-
Callum, organiser of the Machinists',
went to Ottawa at the request at the
Coughlan people to confer, with tke
Munitions Board. It was understood
then that the Coughlans were willing
to meet the increased wage) demanded
provided the Munitions Board would
change tbe profit agreement on thi
ateel vessels which are under construe- '
tion. The reply of the head of tha
Munition Board was not considered satisfactory, and the Boiler Makers' quit,
which brought out all the rest ot tke
trades, completely tying up the plant.
. Negotiations have been going forward ever aince. The latest offer made
by the Coughlans waa that the Im
would abide by the award of the adjustment board appointed by the V. ft,
government in connection witk the dis-.
put* In Seattle and Portland yards and
make tt retroactive to Sept. 1. Al
aUuaiu shop waa alas towedad.,
Workers Will Insist Upon
Running Their Own
Underaged Boys Ara Allowed to Drive
Without Having Licenses,
Owing to the seeming recklessness
with which the youthful drivers of
motor cars scurry past streetcars, whizz
by nervous pedestrians and their general disregard of regulations older
drivers are expected to observe, many
complaints are' heard. Tbe police art!
undertaking an investigation of the
subject, it is understood, -
Engineers Back Candidate!
The Stationary and Operating Enginoers hnve decided to get strongly
behind the Labor candidates and huve
opened a subscription list to add to thc
campaign funds. All tbe members who
live either in the city or outside are
expected to give their support and the
money will be received by thc secretary, W. A. Alexander, room Blfl, Labor
Temple. The engineers realizo this is
the greutest opportunity orgunized
labor has hnd to get representation nt
Ottawa, und are going to do their share
in every way possible to bring it
After Persistent Opposition
to Organized Labor,
Plant Goes Under
Another company which has been a
persistent opponent of orgnnized Lnbor,
the Globe Contracting compnny, has
been forced to mnke an assignment in
fuvor of its creditors who wit) hold
a meeting on October 2(1. The Globe
was tbe concern which the Carpenters"
union hns hud constunt trouble with.
Now the Globe has gone under and
out hut the Carpenters' nre growing
Bteadily in membership and strength,
in spite of such opposition to them as
was givon by thc Globe Contracting
Union curpenters arc competent and
it is to thc interest of any company
requiring skilled workmen to employ
the members uf organized Labor,
Greater participation in the control
of industry than ever before will be demanded by British labor after tbe war,
according to Frank Smith, a prominent
English labor official. Writing in The
Public, of New York, he saya:
Lnbor has caught a glimpse of the
vision of liberty, and thero is no question that the future will have to be
built on much broader lines than ever
before. Let the war and when it may:
one thing la certain—when it does end
tho government will be faced with a
determined demand from labor aa a
whole to secure to it much more than a
mere restoration of pre-war conditions.
The workers will not in the future be
content with simply agitating for Increases of wages or shortening hours.
Labor will nsk for a share of the management nnd conduct of industrial
One effect of the war has been, I
think, to create in tho mind of* the
average worker a doubt as to thc benefits likely to accrue from tbe state regulation of industry. The experiences
they have had of bureaucratic control
has i-ertainly not increased their appetite for more. How tar thia will re*
act it is difficult to forecast. It is true
that many in the ranks of labor recognize that tho finest machiae ever constructed hiust bc controlled and worked by intelligent and sympathetic opcr-
ators if the best results nre to be secured. But, ut present, thc feeling is
thut stnte regulation as administered
during the wnr docs not make for individual liberty. Thore is, therefore, a
growing feeling thnt when the period
of reconstruction arrives lnbor will insist upon being recognized more aa
partners thnn, us in the past, mere
"hands'1 or servants.
From thc industrial point of view
ono thing bus clearly emerged from
the stress of wnr—that tn the future
thc industry of thc nation cannot revert to pre-war conditions. The status
of the worker must, and* will, be
changed. Either the stute must control
industry for the common good, or labor
und capital must come together as partners and co-operators. Which of these
will eventunlly emerge is a matter
lurgely dependent upon thc spirit in
which both sides approach the question.
One thing is clear, thnt trnde unions
struggling on the one hand ngainst employers' federations on the other, merely pcrpetuute a condition of industrial
conflict which is destructive to progress. Whether thu change will come
through Collectivism, Syndicalism,
Guild Socialism or Co-operation, are
matters that are "on the Inp of the
That lubor is productive of wealth
none dispute; thnt labor is the foundation of ull things is generally agreed;
that labor up to the present time has
not received its due share of production
few are ready to deny. Thnt labor
has awakened to n realization of Its
value nnd importance to the community
is a fact that all must recognize and
be prepured to meet. PAGE TWO
Serge Dresses
for Children
A special shipment just in—nicely-made dresses in smart
designs, perfect fitting and serviceable—and prices which will
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that are better than usual value:
NAVY SEBOE DRESSES—with separate middy blouses, trimmed with
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NAVY SEBOE DBESS—in Billio Burke and Dolly Dimple stylo, jizos to
It girls of 8 to 14 yoars.   Prices   $12.75 to $14.75
ALL-WOOL OHALLIE DRESSES—in jumper style with white guirape,
two rows of shirring at the, top of skirt. Choice of light blue und shell
.pink.'   Price  $14.75
OIBLS' SEBOE DRESSES—in saxe bluo, brown and check effects, sizes
to flt girls of 6 to 14 yoars.   Price $14.25
\_:,   _J tmaatvma—a   lata      Wtw I atmmitH*. ttoate _mm_ua_a Ji/^^J
Granville and Georgia Streets
/—Empress Coffee-
is]|Honest Coffee
We put good coffee—the blend that will mako a satisfying and appetising beverage—in evory package.
We make the package so that it will "keep in" all tho coffee
Savor and aroma until it Is used.
If you buy a package of Empress Coffee that don't come up to
these specifications, take it to your grocer's and get your money back,
Empress M'fg Co.
The Hobs of Furs Food Product.
New Wool Sweaters
These new sweaters arc of high-grade Shetland wool, doublo knitted with
long sleeves. They are in the coat style, buttoned down tho front. Thc
shades are rose pink, emerald and saxe. M mm
Worth $3.25 each.   Special  <p£. / 0
These knitted scarfs arc very attractive and come in a great variety of
eolora, including both plain colors and striped effects. Wo havo
priced them very moderately at (ft-j  Ag _q (IJJJ {JA
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Vucouver, B. 0.
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
a Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonaldHarpole Co.
Machinists Are Preparing
to Make Demands in
Near Future
Constant   Increase in Cost
of Living Is forcing
the Issue
That there 'will be some demands
made upon railway employer^ next
spring seems certain. Thnt the machinists will be the dominant factor in
the presentation is also apparent. In
the last issue of the official bulletin of
the railway district of Canada, published at Winnipeg, the secretary-treasurer
of Machinists' District No. 2, Mr. R. S.
Ward, has this to say, under the caption
"Next Spring:"
"Time is passing, ana it will not be
long before our membership will have
to come to a decision regarding what
they will ask for next spring in the
way of increased wages, shorter working hours, and improved working conditions. And although it is still nearly
six months bofore the time to give
notice for a revision of" the schedules,
it is not too -early to actively discuss
our plans in order that wo will not
have to come to a hasty decision later
"With a continuance of present commercial and industrial conditions there
is no -doubt but that a demand for a
shorter work day with a substantial increase in pnjr can be justified, not only
from thc point of view of the needs
of the workers, but also upon a comparative basis, taking into consideration
thc advances made by* railway shop
employees on railroads to the south
during the present yehr.
Eight-Hour Day Top Long Coming.
"Even up to tbe present time ono
occasionally hears expression of regret
that our demand for an eight-hour day
in 1916 was not forced to an issue, but
notwithstanding this failure circumstances seemed to shape themselves in
such a way that the membership decided to only ask for an increase in
pay this year (3,917), a shorter work
day and improved working conditions
being left out of the demands. It iB
doubtful whether this was a wise
course, wben one takes into consideration the progress made along these lines
on other railroads.
"In the president's report in the
September Journal nineteen railroads
aro reported ns having granted the
eight-hour day, with increases in pay
running up to H\i_ cents per hour, while
sonio roads have granted two increases
since January 1, 1917, aggregating considerably more. And nearly every
month brings reports of additional railway companies granting the eight-hour
day.       ^
"This tends to put the Canadian railways somewhat behind the times, although it may be some satisfaction to
know that we havo had a 50-hour week
for several yoars, while across the line
nine hours per day, six days per week,
has been tho rule. Still that does not
alter the fact that we are now behind,
and there is every indication that by
April 1 of next year thc eight-hour day
will be very generally established on
railroads in the United States.
'It therefore seems that thero is no
alternative but tbat the eight-hour
dny must be got next year, meaning,
of course, the 44-hour week. We could
never part with the half day off on
"As regards wages, there may bo a
variety of opinions, but it appears quite
evident thnt the glorious 15th is seriously, marred by the difficulty an ordinary family has of making the
monthly pay meet tho ordinary necessary housohotd bills, so that really a
redaction in the monthly check cannot bo considered. In fact an increase
is very necessary.
Shall It Ba Joint Negotiation?
"Whilo on this subject it would not
be out of place to say a word or two
about joint negotiations, in order to
help the discussion along. This year
r start was made in the direction of
bringing about joint negotiations between a committeo representing all thc
principal roads in Canada and a committee representing all the shop employees. The idea was endorsed by tho
three federations and a request to that
effect was sent to the railway companies, but nothing came of it. Better
progress might have boen made if the
three federations had been meeting in
tho same city at the same time. They
could then have met together nnd dealt
with the question more effectively. The
C.P. and C.N. Federation met in Winnipeg, and the C.O.Ji. met in Moncton,
and nt the last moment an effort was
made to got the C.O.R. to eome to Winnipeg, but without result. It is not
likely thnt nfter the experience of this
yenr we will flnd ourselves in the same
position again, but it Is time we wore
considering plans in order that conventions will not bo called on too Hhort
notice, thus allowing time to properly
choose delegates, and hnve them get
thoroughly acquainted with the desires
of the membership.
As to Convention Dates.
"In ronsidering the time for holding
a federation convention wc must also
bear in mind thnt some of thc crafts
may desire to hold a district convention, und such conventions should be
held prior to federation conventions.
It would therefore be advisable for
federations to decide as quickly as possible the dnte of holding their conventions in order to give tho crafts lots
of timo to prepare for same.
"I would suggest that the three federations endeavor to set a date on
which they will meet, nnd that they
arrango to meet in the snme city at
the samo time, iu order that a joint
mooting of nil federations can be held.
If such is arranged, nnd not too soon,
there is every probability that delegntcs from the O.T.P, would also be
pTesent, and if present progress on the
O.T.R. continues wc might nlso have
delegates from thnt road, and in n position to take part in thc joint negotiations movement. As to date I figure
that early in March would be thc proper
time. By that time tho minds of the
membership would bo fully mode up ns
to what they were going after, and being close to negotiating time there
would be littlo probability of a chnnge
in the industrial conditions that would
warrant any change In the decision beforo time of giving notice."
...October 26, 1917
"Easy Marks!"
A Daniel Come
To Judgment
Just a hint for the learned Judge who will
see something if he will only open his eyes
 _ f	
DURING the recent trial of Mus-
clow and-'Muir et al.—for more
persons than Musclow and Muir
were, morally, speaking, on their trial,
Judge Murphy said: "I did not think
there were so many 'easy marks' in
God bless his innocent heart if Judge
Murphy is as innocent as this. If he
does not know that Vancouver is a
happy hunting ground—a perfect paradise for any fakir who can put on well-
cut garments, a good hat, who has a
"smug" appearance, an oily tongue,
and can sport a few bills, no matter
though the bulk of them be "phony,"
he must have used his eyes only for
pouring over "Coke upon Lyttloton,"
or "Bugging on Torts/' and not have
opened them to see what is going on
around him. If it is not contempt of
court or lose taajeste to say ao, if
Judgo Murphy is really as innocent as
this, ho had better not wander about,
for he must be so "green" that the
cows will eat him.
The population of Vancouver merits
the description given by Carlyle of the
population of London—"mostly fools"
—only more so. Vancouver is a cosmopolitan city of various languages, various nationalities, various religions—
above all various religions, whieh supply
charlatans and rogues with plenty of
"easy marks." Voltaire derided England as having "forty religions—and
only one sauce, melted butter." Had he
lived in Vancouver he could have multiplied the number of religions—and also
the sauce, but for the latter word he
would have Substituted "gall," or its
English equivalent, "cheek."
The fakirs of Vancouvor, however,
do not deserve the compliment of being
told that thoir "gall/f cheek, impudence, or by whatever name one
chooses to call it, is colossal in quantity or ingenious in quality. For thc
people of Vancouver arajsuch. "easy
marks," so superstitious, so saturated
with the cant of puritan holiness, so
ignorant and bo filled with greedy
cupidity—and mark you, the "authorities" (save the mark) aro so supine or
so corrupt, that robbing tho people of
Vancouver is as easy as taking candy
from' a kid.
Robbery of the poor is open, flagrant,
and carried out with perfect impunity.
The grocers themselves held a meeting
to see what could be done to savo the
stores from cheating, for short weight
had become so flagrant that few could
say they wero rotailers without a blush.
Not long ago a woman was hoard to
tell a butcher to wrap his hand up with
her parcel of meat, "for,".said she,
"it is quite clear you weighed it with
my bacon."
With bacon at 55 cents a pound this
piece of juggling becomes vory profitable. Not many months ngo a tradesman was convicted of giving short
weight on a largo scale—the pun is unintentional, but it is a happy one, for
the scale had been enlarged by an in-
genious contrivance that told against
the purchaser in n cruel manner. His
customers had for years been "easy
marks," confident that a man who went
to church regularly, who howled that he
waa "saved by the Blood of the
Lamb," and whose coat bulged with
Bible and hymn-book, must be a man
who 'would not rob the poor.
Our currency is a means of robbery,
for thousands of transactions take place
daily where another cent or two cents
might bo added, through overweight,
to the price originally anticipated, but
of course tho slightest turn of the
scalo means another five cents from the
customer. These matters, however,
might very woll have escaped the notice of a learned judge, who, drawing
a fat salary, had no need to trouble
himself over the petty details of how
the poor "shopper" is cheated. But,
presumably Judge Murphy has read his
newspapers. He must have seen the
great forty to sixty page papers issued
in boom times. He must have some
memory of the great schemes then put
forward, and must wonder what has
become of them, and wbat has become
of the hundreds of thousands of dollars which the rogues got from the population, "mostly fools."
Read your "Vicar of Wakefield "and
you laugh at poor Moses giving away
the horse for a gross of useless greon
spectacles. But was Moses any more
an easy mark than the myriad fools who
lost their money in the Dominion
Trust?—and are losing more of it, for
time * is money, over liquidation proceedings. A distinguished lawyer in
the old country once said to a litigant:
Vlf a man steals your pants you will
find it cheaper to give him your suit
also than to go to law with, him." | He
might have emphasized that statement
here, for the lawyers will have your
skin also if anything can be mado of
"I did not know there were so mnny
'easy marks' in Vancouver," said
Judge Murphy. Is he a hulnorist who
spoke with his tongue in his check f
Have you hoard, my dear judgo, of the
schemes advertised a year or two ago
for getting people "back to thc landf"
Do you remember the pictures of
shingle-roofed bungalows amidst smiling
orchards, the land so rich that you only
had to tickle it with a hoe nnd it would
laugh fruit nnd flowers! Do you re-
memboi the "booklets" sent out with
lovely pictures of apple treos bent to
the earth under the apples, which were
tied on in order that these glorious
fruitful trees might be photographed)
Havo a turn around the country, judge,
and took at the sweet Auburns, lovely
villages, were the roofless shacks mark
spots where broken hearted men wbo
tried ^ to become farmers, induced by
land agents, lying fakp advertisements,
backed up by government bulletins, lost
thoir all, and being down and out were
glad to go and face the Hun and become an "easy mark" for some German sniper.
We are righteously indignant over
torpedoing the Lusitania, over Zeppelin raids, but apparently Judgo Murphy
has never heard of crawling submarines
called blue printB and prospectuses, nor
of bombs—foreclosed mortgages, which
have been as murderously effective in
smashing up a British Columbian household as thc bomb dropped in London's
slum land,    t
I  did  not  know  that  Vnncouver
had so many 'easy marks.' "        .   \
Did you never, my dear judge, walk
down Hastings street when overy other
store was soiling oil stock? Did you
not look at tho imposing certificates
making thc windows as gay as a fair
stall, and did you not think thore was
guilt on the gingerbread?
Have you not heard of wave motor-
boats that were to rock with the waves,
picking up water at each OBcill&tion until, contrary to natural laws known to
every school child, a pillar of water, it
was said, would be built up, the forco
« which would drive a dynataio and
light up a city with electric light! Did
you not see the miniature chicken farms
in tho store windows!
Did you never hear of new match
factories which wofe to make so many
fortuntes, and did you not see the great
tabernacle, built by the voluntary labor
of fools, so thai ono fakir could frighten
the dollars out of the "easy marks" by
frightening them with hell fire and
abusing the other fakirs who deal in
the samo "bull," but don't label it
with such attractively glaring colors?
"Easy marks," why the city is
putrid with them. How lone would the
churches exist if tbe population were
not mostly fools, credulous and superstitious? Must we not be indeed "easy
marks'' when we tolerate a mayor and
municipal government that spent thou*
sands and employed the whole machinery of police administration—stool
pigeons and all—in "detecting" bar
tenders who inadvertently sold a glass
of beer at two minutes past ten, or de-
tecting the sale of a few apples to a
kid on a Sundav, while Musclow and
his gang were allowed to carry on their
nefarious frauds with impunity for over
three years, and every complaint
against them, every call for their exposure and punishment was met with
the reply: They have done nothing
which the law can get at.
Yes, Mr. Judge, we are indeed '' easy
marks," and the Musclow case is only
one of the small matters which go to
provo what damned fools we are.
Ambiguous* But in Order.
J. C. Watters, president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Ottawa, in asking for the calling of a convention in
Manitoba says: "The political situation is ripe for independent action on
the part of labor, and tho congress is
of the opinion that the time has come
for all progressive organizations that
have for their aim the welfare and
emancipation of the wealth producers
to join on the political field to elect independent labor representatives to both
the provincial and tho Dominion parliaments." \
Socialist Mayor for New Tork.
There is a probability that Morris
Hillquit may be elected mayor of New
York City in the coming municipal election. A great four-cornered fight is
on, and it is said that in tbe rough-
and-tumble electoral fight which is boing bitterly waged the socialist candidate may slide in, and not only that,
it is said several socialist aldermen
and assemblymen are likely to come
safo through also.—The Voice.
The Federitlonlst Is on ..la In
Vanconver st tbe following news
184 Hasting. Streot East
Foot Oranvllle Street
Comer Halting, and Colnmbia
422 Richards Stroet
la ibe •print of ism I wm attacked br
Muioulir ind Inflammatory Rheumatism. I
Battered aa only thoie wbo hare It know, for
over throe yean. I triad remedy after
remedy, and doctor after doctor, bat inch
relief u I received wea only temporary.
Finally, I found a remedy tbat cored ma
completely, and It haa Barer returned. I
bare glren It to a number who ware terribly
afflicted and area bedridden with Rheumatism, and It effected a oare la every cue.
1 want arary sufferer from any form of
rheumatic trouble to try thli marreloui heal-
laf power. Don't aend a eenti itmply mall
roar name and addreu and 1 will aend it
Ires to try. After yoa hara used it and
lt haa proven lUelf to be tiiat long-looked-for
meepa of curing your Rheumatism, yoa may
Mad the wlce of It, one dollar, oat, under-
•Und I do not want yoar money unless you
are perfectly satisfied to M&d it Isn't thit
nllef la thu offered you free? Don't delay
write today.
Hark H. Jaokaon, No, sMDOuraey Bldg..
„'    : , Byrtcnie. ST. T.      * .
Mr. Jaokaon la mponalble. Above statement true —Pub.
Phone Seymonr 4?*.B
Powell Blvu ud Vincourer
Home Products
These are times   when   every
■ dollar of our citizens is needed
in British Columbia.
When you buy foreign-made
shoes, for instance, most of the
money you pay, leaves this province nover to return.
That fact has a direct bearing
on many pay envelopes of Vancouver workmen,
Bo logical—buy
—made right here in Vancouver
by Vaneoaver 'citizens—then
nearly evory cent of each dollar
you spend stays right here at
home—Oet Leckie Shoes at your
Arnold & Quigley
Remarkable Values for the Week-end
$3.00 Military Collar *| np"
Sweater Coats spl.i/3
$6.50 Heavyweight Knitted Wool
Sweater Coats,
shawl collars ..
$1.50 Stanfield's Heavy I IA
Eibbod Underwcnr 1 • 1 tJ
$2.00 pate Nova Seotia Wool
Eureka H*eavy Bib* A | JS g
bed Underwear . $1.49
Stanfield's and Penman's Natural Wool Underwear, single or
double-breasted: *1 -tt_
worth $1.50  «pl.lu
60c Penman's Heavy Grey Sib
Wool Sox,- all wool English
Heather sox and black rib
wool sox; *1   t\f\
S Voiro... sbl.UU
Stanfield's and Penman's.heavyweight   Natural
Wool Combinations
weight  Natural     *0 ~__k
$4.00 and $4.50 English Wool
Taffeta and English Flannel
Shirts with or        An m__
without collars *p_te I Sf
or 3 for  $5.00
$1.50 and $1.75 Navy Blue and
Orey Flannel e\e}
■   Work Shirts J70C
|38 and $1)5 pure wool, heavy-
' woight   Wost   of   England
Navy   Blue    Serge   Suits,
guaranteed fast indigo dye.
Arnold & Quigley
We allow a good price for the old stove in exchange
for a new Enterprise
309-315 Hastings St. W. ■
The merit and rral worth ef
thin publication ts shown br the
[set that ilnce lt wm iiMird on
November, 1916. orden (or thousands of copies have been received from all parts of (he world
and additional orders sre coming
in by every mall.
In a clrarcut and concise atyle
this booklet goes thoroughly Into
the question of the economlo poll-
tlon of capltaliat society and the
position of the working classes In
relation to lt.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between tha capitalist
and the worker are dealt with In
a manner whieh soWes In plait
and forceful logie many points oa
which the worker of today Is often
"at sea" when meeting arguments.
Packages of 100 copies or
mora, 6 cants par copy (car-
rfftl* paid).
Singlo copies, or In any num.
bar ap to 100 copies, 10 cents
•ach (postpaid).
—tha  noted writer  oa wage workers'
froblinu who has given tha ust word on
his subject in "The Oanesis anl Evolution of Slavery."
Many labor organizations aro now Bending "roncat" orders for quantities of
this booklet, their flrst orders having been readily disposes of by sale er distribution. Theso advlcon stato that tho booklet Is eagerly sought and rsad with
koen Interest by their members.
Address aU ordara to
The B.C. Federationist
Every Woman Is Entitled to the BEST
in the Way of a Range
Are Guaranteed
To Give
Enterprise Ranges have been
in the front row now for thc
past thirty-five years.
Many styles and sizes to choose* from
Pacific Stove and
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The Biggest Little Man m Town
is thc Boy who buys his clothing at
New Suits, Stylish Overcoats and Reefers, Sweater Coata,
Knglish Jerseys, Underwear and Hosiery. Everything in Boys'
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, Tel. Sey. 702
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery'
f By E. T. KINOSLEr     ' '
Wear    the    Best
Made—   ..
Absolutely Refuse
All Substitutes.
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Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
Houn: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tueaday and Friday Evening!
Phone Seymour 2229 Closed Saturday Afternoons
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, J-,. fl,i Greenhouses and Nurseiy on 0. P. B. Phone Hammond 17. •
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubi, Pot Planti, Seeds,
Ont Flowen and Funeral Emblems^
Main Store and Begistered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
43 Hastings Street Eaat.   Phones, Seymoar 988-672,
Branoh Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
Ib the Milk supplied to your home Real Milk?
-If It is sot call np the
Or drop a card to onr offlce, 905 Twenty-fourth avenne eaat.
Dr. W. J. Curry
_ Neit and associated with bridgework in destroying the teeth ore
gold crowns. The majority of these are applied because of thc financial
inducements and the confidence and ignorance of the public.
_ The dental profession is only now beginning to realise the injury
done through gold crowns. Modern pathology is now apparently demonstrating the proposition that gold crowns and bridgework ore fruitful
sources of rheumatism, neralgla and other common and unpopular afflictions of our raco.
q The fnct is, however, except for the disfigurement nnd impaired
efficiency duo to gold teeth, the injurious effects are mainly through the
manner in which they are applied,
t} At is generally known, tho tooth is considerably smaller at tho neck
or gum margin than is the crown er exposed portion of the tooth. Consequently, the crown of the tooth Bust be ground down until lt becomes the
suine diameter as it is at the gum. Now the fact is, ihis'oftcll is not
done as it takes time and it sometimes hurts, both of which ure undesirable, especially to the painless, get-richqulck artists who make a
specialty of crown and bridgework because of the monoy in it. The
result is the caps are too large at the necks of the teeth, leaving a ledge
for the retention of food which soon decomposes, forming n breeding-
place for bacteria, and later irritation, inflammation, loosening and loss
of the teeth follow.
<j Another teniJiicy is to shove the cap far under tho gums, which
hastens the loosening und loss of thc tooth ond renders the teoth less
capable of bearing the strain of a bridge ,
(J Thoro are muny dentists who do this work well, and undor certain
conditions gold crowns nre indicated, but the fact remulns that over
half of them should never bo applied, nnd would not be, were it not for
the financial factor involved. A good salesman is ono who can dispose
of highest-priced goods and make the customers believe he needs them
and commercial dentistry is of the same nature if the customer will take
somthlng which is not us good for his case as something cheaper. Well,
that is his lookout; the clerk Is there to show the gooda and it is the
same under modem methods of dentistry, where it is the case of every
•ne for himself and thc survival of the slickest. Why put in a *2 filling
when you can get *8 for a crownt
q If you want to know why the newspapers do not enlighten the public on these important facts, think what would happen to some ef their
advertising if they did, and read my letter to the editor: "The Press of
Ghost of Prussianism Still
Haunts Region of the
Southern Cross
Workmen Are Unemployed
and Labor Conditions
Generally Bad
, ' [By Harold A. Prider]
MELBOUBNE, Aug. 1.—(Note the
date; held up en route.)—Although the advocate! of the principle
of compulsory service secured a most
decisive victory at the recent elections
no move has as yet been made to place
tbe manacles of militarism on the
people of the commonwealth. The executive of the Labor movement is prepared for eventualities, and, should the
occasion demand, would resist to the
utmost any attempts to introduce the
principle, which Venezelos once said
had "broken the heart of Greece,"
into Australia. While the Labor movement is prepared, it Ib not anticipated
that Hughes, Cook & Co. will have the
courage to again appeal to the people
though Sir William Irvine and Sir
John Forrest have suggested that such
action, which aome regard as essential
in the interests of the commonwealth,
was absolutely imperative. Mr. Hughes,
however, remains silent—silent in regard to the conscription issue, though
he continues to make noise on many
other subjects. Western Australia Btill
demands conscription, -likewise Tasmania, but at the present moment in
Western Australia, as in South Australia, there is a political crisis, and
the "statesmen" are disputing the occupancy of the treasury benches, and
aro working overtime devising new
methods to win the war—against the
Labor party. Thus the appeal for conscription from that community has lessened a little, although there is a spasmodic outburst now and again by Senator Lynch and that clique. However,
Sir William Irvine, the greatest enemy
the workers were ever arrayed against
in Australia, and the Melbourne
"Age," edited by a native of Germany, daily appeal to Mr. Hughes and
Mr. Cook to disregard the people, and
give Australia a taste of the glories of
militarism. And we must admit that
the "Ago" is the power behind the
throne in political circles in Australia,
In Sydney the "Daily Telegraph'1
playes the same game in the interests
of the capitalist, and iu either of these
great metropolises the daily newspaper
voicing the views of the workers is conspicuous by its absence, though Adelaide, Brisbane, Hobart, Ballarat, and
Broken Hill have their daily Labor
Good News from Canada
When it was announced in Australia
that Sir Robert Borden had made a
move in the direction of conscription
there was frantic jubiliation in circles
other than those which the writer customarily haunts, and it was then pointed out that it was necessary for Australia to emulate the example of Canada. As may be expected, the people
over there who were arrayed against
the conscript scheme were denounced
by the prostitute press as pro-Germans,
disloyalists, and shirkers, but whom are
possibly workers, were warmly defended by Mr. Derby Clonard in the
Australian "Labor Call." For some
time the desire for conscription waned
a little, then it was announced that
Sir Edward, Morris desired conscription for Newfoundland, and there was
excitement once more, but apparently
the director-general of recruiting is not
scared, as he has repeatedly praised
the system of voluntaryism, which has
produced some of the bravest soldiers
engaged in the war.
General OondlUoni Bad
The conditions generally in Australia
at the moment are not the Ijest. Despite the great number of enlistments,
there are many thousands unemployed,
though there doeB not, happily, happen
to be any distress. The cost of living
has gone onward to a higher scale,
and the merchant princes and those
who carry the skull and croSBbone ensign of pirate enterprise are making
huge fortunes, notwithstanding the
many admitted disadvantages occasioned by the war, but the workers'
wages remain the same.
nsruar)   $1.50 per yeab
The Master Ctyss Hurls Accusations of Revolutionary Intent at the Striking Workers—Accusation Indignant-
; ly Repudiated on Behalf of the Men—And the
Pity of It Is That the Charge Was Not True
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, October 21, 1892
Messrs. Geo. ■ Bartley, W. Fleming,
B. Macpherson and Geo. Pollay appointed to go to New Westminster aad address mass meeting on the "Benefit
of Organization to tho Wage-earner."
Labor platform for municipal elections discussed.
Labor Gazette Publishes rigures on
Cost of Food ln Britain
An interesting report on food prices
was published last week in the government Labor Gazette, London, which
"Butter and bacon are now double
their pre-war level. Milk is 76 per
cent, higher than in July, 1914.
'The following are the Increases per
cent, as compared with before the war:
"Beef, nearly 100; mutton, 97; im-
iorted beef, 132; imported mitton, ISS;
iocod, 110; fish, 160; sugar, 199; batter, 99; cheese, 91; eggs, 1<W.
"In tha eost of aU iteau ordinarily
entering into tht working class family,
including food, rent, clothing, fuel and
light, the increase has been nearly 80
per cent., allowing 5 por cent, for advances due to the increased taxation."
THE GREAT Australian strike,
that raged over a period of
five weeks during August and
into September, has been brought
to an end. The workers have
b«en completely beaten. They
must return to work under the
conditions laid down by the masters. They must submit to the infamous Taylor speeding-up system, against which they struck,
and to such other Impositions and'
discriminations as the masters
may see fit to favor them with.
In fact, they have been thoroughly and completely beaten, and already many of them aro confronted
with the uncomfortable fact that their
services will no longer be required in
the operation of the -industries of the
ruling slass, against whom they struck.
It is not intended to infer that
there is anything out of the ordinary
in thiB defeat, for it is an indisputable fact that nothing but defeat has
ever yet resulted from such action. All
such strikes against the evils and discomforts of human slavery must fail,
and they have always failed, for the
very simple reason that the cause from
which all these evils spring remains untouched and undisturbed.
The Cornerstone of Civilisation
The basic fact upon which the social
and industrial structure of modern life
rests is slavery. The narrow living,
the strenuous existence, the impositions
and discomforts, the terrible economic
pressure and the uncertainly of life,
the misery, the suffering and travail of
the slaves (workerB) flows forth as the
inevitable rgsult of their Blavery, and
no amount of protest and strikes will
prevail against its swollen flood.
That the average wage and the general condition of the Blaves of capitalism have been appreciably altered
one way or the other by all of the
strikes that were ever pulled off in history, is a matter of more than grave
doubt to he who possesses even the
slightest knowledge of the underlying
laws of value and exchange.
The Inevitable Minimum
No Bane person would for a moment
attempt to assert that the average wage
of today is in excess of the amount
necessary to keep the average wage-
earner and his family alive. If he or
they stop working they are soon confronted with starvation. The wage
could never be less than that and allow the worker to survive. Such being
the case it must be clear that there
has been no advance of wages, in spite
of all the claims that have been made
to the contrary by those who attribute
such superlative virtue to the striko aB
a means of forcing "better conditions. ''
The Base Accusation
Under caption "Tho Tragedy of the
Strike," the Australian Worker'editorially laments the fact that the masters
many times during the struggle declared: ''This is more thun a strike;
it is a revolution."   SayB the Worker:
The printe minister has said it.
Fuller and every member of his cabinet have said it. All the newspaper
prostitutes of the country have said
it. Every Labor renegade and liberal
reactionary in our seven parliaments
have said,it.
Well, a revolution is an attempt
to overthrow by force the constituted
authority and establish another government in its place,
Is there a sc*p of evidence of any
such purpose in this strike! It is not
only a lie to say so; It ts a monstrous
mockery of the truth.
The men who have taken part in
the industrial .protest of the post few
weeks have never at any moment had
the smallest revolutionary thought.
So preposteroua is the accusation
that there Is something of the farcical in -even denying it. But it is thnt
form of farce which contains within
it the elements of tragedy.
For these men, far from being fierce
and red-eyed revolutionaries, are the
victims of a villainous conspiracy.
They were deliberately goaded into
doing what they did. They bad
either to strike und suffer the pains
of men, or submit and carry the
Btigma of slaves.
That they ohosc freedom's side ot
the alternative was an act of courage for which, oncday, Australia will
give thanks.
The Wicked Conspiracy
After mentioning tbat not long Bince
Australia had "six Labor governments,
a record which no nation in the world
could match, und that by the unfettered votes of the people the representatives of the working class were installed in power in the Commonwealth
domain, and in five of thu six states,"
the Worker goes on to say:
Capitalism, without u doubt, is
making use of its unexpected opportunity. It has recovered from the
terror into which its fall from power
plunged it, and is now bent upon
making its futuro secure against a
repetition of the debacle.
This strike was wantonly provoked
With that object in view. The workers, if anticipating such nn attack,
were certainly not prepared fonit.
They took up the chullenge, it is
truo. Australians will never shirk a
fight that can only be avoided at
the expense of their mates.
The unloniBts In the railway workshops found themselves suddenly confronted with an intolerable system of
spying and speeding-up, imported
from the industrial hells of Americu.
Ib tbe teeth of the most solemn undertaking not to change the conditions of Tabor during the currency of
the war this abominable innovation
was thruHt upon them by the ruilway commissioners.
They resisted it in the only way
open to them, and    their    com rude
unionists, in a spirit of pure chivalry
went to their assistance.
That is at once the glory find the
tragedy of the Btrike. The blood
leaps in the veins to see the workers rallying to one another's aid as
they did.
Ignoring the fact that they were
almost, defenceless, without the least
hesitation they flung themselves into
the fray.
Tbe Beal Tragedy of It
That there is tragedy in the Btrike
referred to the writer is ready to admit, but it Ib not to be found in that
particular set of circumstances mentioned by the editor of The Worker.
The tragedv of it all iB that the accusation made by the masters that "it is
a revolution," was not true.
The tragedy of tbe entire Labor
debacle- enacted upon the Australian
stage—and What has it been but a debacle when a commonwealth and five
out of Ub six states hud been in the
hands of Labor representatives and
Labor governments, only to be suddenly transformed into liberal administrations and governments of the most
viciously reactionary type, nnd a most
crushing defeat doalt out to the workers at their hands—lies in/the fact that
the entire movemont waB devoid of revolutionary concept and spirit from its
very beginning.        *"  V
Without tbe revolutionary spirit and
purpose there is no labor movement
worthy of the name.
Merchandise Monuments
Without that all so-called labor movements are merely commodity movements, belonging in the category of
wheat movements, corn movements, cotton movements, pork movements and
similnr phenomena of the. trading and
trafficking world.
Commodity dealers—and wage earners are all of that bo long as they are
engaged in expending their efforts
along the line of bettering their condition inside the present slave Bystem,
and with no intention of overthrowing
it—are not possessed with revolutionary fire. They are in no manner dangerous to the ruling class. They ean
always be crushed and beaten into tame
submission whenever the occasion de-
binnds, for all power rests in tho hands
of their masters.
What Government Is.
Government, with all of its machinery of repression and chastisement, is
the instrument of that, muster class,
end is always used without mercy when
the occasion offers against the only
portion of human aociety that it was
ever intended to be UBed against—the
slaves of production, the exploited
and tortured working class.
And it is indeed a tragedy that so
many of these exploited and tortured
workerB Bti^ look upon government as
a something especially intended to wet-
nurse their hopes and bring their most
worthy ambitions to full fruition and
realization, instead of an instrument of
tyranny and oppression to be conquered
and destroyed at tbo first available
Let ull who arc still obsessed with
the idea that salvation is to come
through the .channels of government
ownership and governmental paternalism ponder the matter carefully ere it
is too late and themselves become instrumental in prolonging tho tragedy.
"Workers only live while they are
not working. Thoy work to get enough
to live on. The shorter their hours of
work the longer time they have left to
themselves in which to live. The employers always fight the idea of a shorter work day a great deal harder than
they do a demand for raised wages.
That in itflrif is a signal for the workers to include the shorter work day in
all their strike demands,"
All you expect; all you
hope for—that we promise
you in a Semi-ready Suit or
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you
will be satisfied with—
We want you to come—to
come and welcome, whether
'tis to buy or but to see.
You'll be pleased and we'll
be glad to snow you the new
designs which mark the
Drift of Fashion.
$15 to $40.
655 Granville St.
Suits and
Designed Bnd made in our
own workrooms on the premises.
Designs and Fabrics—the
last word in Fashion for
Ladies' and Misses' garments
for Fall and Winter 1917-1918.
$20, $23.90, 126 TO 160
'   6, $17.60, $20, $22.60, $26,
$27.60, $30 TO $60       '
564 Granville St.
Opp. Drysdale's
Vancouver's New Drug Store
The Vancouver Drug Co. will today open the flneBt and best-
equipped drug store in the oity at »
7 Hastings St. W.-OppositeB.C Electric Depo
right in the heart of the business district
This store has been opened for the purpose of giving convenient service for our .thousands of patrons, as well as a means of
acquainting others with our established policy ot
Pure Drugs—Prompt Service—Reasonable Prices
Visit our new store—make it your drug store headquarters
Out-of-town Bcsidents—Wo givo you thc aame Bervice us to quality
ond prices, through our mailorder department as we give over the counter*. Address Moil Ortler Department, 407 Hastings Street Wost. Vancouver, B. C. '        .
405 Hastings Bt. W. Phones gey. 1966 * 1966
7 Hastings Street Weft Seymonr 3632
™A"""1' B*»«t Bwnonr 70is
!£* S^*-*? BttMt mt. 8314 A 17440
412 Main Stnet Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 A 17330
,.., „ Union-made Cigars.
'"• :mimm7imSi_^»M.
When Buying a Cigar See that this ONION Bine Lahel is on the Ket
Things ARE On the Mend
In fact, things in Vancouver have already
mended.  Look at these figures:
Bank clearings for week ending October 18,
1917. $11,001,279
1916.    7,589,913
Increase $ 3,411,366
Passengers carried on B. C. Electric city
September, 1917 2,555,813
September, 1916. 2,211,913
Increase  343,900
Do not these signs of business prove that
hard times are a thing of the past?
Then the condition of the street railway
with an inadequate revenue, must be due
to something other than hard times.
Please think about these questions; how
long can the street railway continue to give
good service when conditions of operation
on every hand have changed, without compensating changes being allowed the street
6$€&&cfoic 1.1
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After ti p.m.: Soy. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, 92.00;  to unions  subscribing
in   .  body,   $1.00.
New Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prinoe Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria ..A. ft Wells, Box 1538
"Unity ot Labor:   thi Hope ot ths World'
FRIDAY October  26,  1917
felt that it was not receiving due
and proper recognition of ita intrinsic merit, not only as a groat moral
engine and molder of public opinion,
but also as a tro-
WB ARE mendously power-
ABOUT TO ful Instrument of
BROOME FAMOUS omnipotence, calculated to rescue
a wicked world from the consequences
of its economic sins, according to o
special formula most carefully adduced
within the secret precincts of this office
and dealt out in judiciously homeopathic doses to a world that thlrsteth
after righteousness with a thirst that is
well nigh unquenchable. But now there
Is promise of a better day. There is a
rainbow of hope upon the horizon. A
payday is evidently about to dawn. We
are to come into our own. The Federationist is to receive official acknowledgment of its stupendous dynahiie
significance in the great schemo of
things. At least we hope so.
* * «
It appears, from the press despatches,
that there is an assistant United States
district attornoy down in Seattlo named
Donald A. MoDonald. The name has a
sort of Scotch flavor, and it would be a
fairly safe bet that the A stands for
Angus. Be that as it may, however,
this gentleman has ''asked the post
office authorities at Washington, D. ft,
to bar from tho United States the British Columbia Fedorationist." As the
first name of the "department at
Washington" is Burleson, he being the
postmaster-general, and as ho has not
to our knowledge refused or refrained
from shutting every publication ont of
the mails, that has succeeded in offending either himself or such interests as
he is commissioned to defend and which
may have had their hides uncomfortably pricked, The Federationist will no
doubt receive similar testimonial to its
worth as an agent of human progress
and a holy terror to autocracy in whatever guise it may rear its hideous pres-
ntina *
"Oovernment agents have charged
*°ai The Federationist is fostering
anti-draft propaganda in Seattle and
other Paoiflc Northwest points."
Thus reads the dispatch. Now as to
the terrible truth. There ore at. present
105 oopios of The Federationist going
to the United States. Of these 68 ore
exchanges, 14 are paid subscriptions to
potato inside the state of Washington,
and 83 aro paid subscriptions to points
outside of that state. And we are os*
,sured by government agents that an
•anti-draft propaganda " has been carried on "in Seattle and other Sorts*
^uldVXe K   _Tu »»»'—'»*-ils
oblivion which it is sooner or later destined to mlarn, and the wealth producers of the earth may no longer be ruled
and robbed,
* *       *
But to return to our mutton. Wood-
row muy be, and probably is, a woll-
meaning man. But he is a schoolman,
and like most schoolmen, he is not a
keen politician. This iB shown by the
happy faculty he has of surrounding
himself with political mediocrities and
remaining utterly oblivious of their
blundorings. No greater blunder could
be committed than that of blindly and
stupidly closing the mails to any publication that by any stretch of the imagination voiced the ideas, tlie aspirations, the political and economic
thought, the hopes and the aims of any
portion of human society. Dull-witted,
indeed, ia he who fancies that by such
petty and even vulgar means any unworthy cause can be killed, or any good
cause safeguarded. The stupid "thou
shalt nots'" of bigots und vulgar stool-
pigeons of ruffianism and tyranny, have
availed nothing against thc cause of
truth and progress, although they have
marked the pathway of the race with
blood and tears.
* *      *
There is a war on that must in the
interest of progress bo fought to a
finish, a victorious finish, for thnt side
represented by the entente allies. It
is a war for democracy only in the
sense that with a complete defeat for
the central European powers there will
be swept from th* board a mess of
medieval rubbish that must be gotten
rid of beforo the pathway of the race
is made clear for the forward march
of democracy. Democracy is yet to
come. The brutality ef remaining feudal autocracy and the equally deadly
hypocrisy of world-cursing capitalisi
nre going down together in a deadly
embrace from whieh neither will bc
able to rise.t And the star of democracy, a democracy of Labor, an industrial democracy, is even now rising in
the east above the ashes of their ruin.
Big men, men abreast of the times,
statesmen capable of grasping the significance of the day, the hour and the
conflict, could no more stoop to the
petty tyrannies, the stupid bluhderings,
tho crass assumption of silly autocratic authority and the absolutely
needless usurpation and exercise of
power, that is marking more than one
administration that might be mentioned, than the gentle Nazarene could
have stooped to the level of a German
submarine commander, But the ruling
class seems to be shy of big men now.
In the time of the civil war in the
United States, big men were not lacking. Abraham Lincoln was at the helm,
with able cabinet officers and strong
military chieftains. The republic was,
sb it were, founded upon a rock. No
advorse criticism threatened to overturn it. But now it is altogether different. With Woodrow Wilson at the
helm and Burleson as postmaster-general, things look shaky. Fourteen copies
per week of Tho Federationist threatens to upset the entire apple cart and
"spill the beans." As soon as official
recognition of the superior merit of
The Federationist aB a great propagandist is received from Washington, the
subscription price will be correspondingly raised. Fame is worthless without suitable recompense.
If it is a crime to make profits in
war   time, what will it be in peace
Vancouver Typo. Reviews
Current Happenings
in the Cent Belt
times I
Ghojls, grave-robbers and profit-makers in war time all belong to thc same
classification.     *,
The outstanding issue in the coming
federal election is not anti-conscription,
but anti-capitalism, profit-making and
Closer Up to Where Wheels
of the Big Interests
Go Round
[By Leslie E. Dennison]
TORONTO, Ont., Oct. 20.—A now
kink in the federal election law has
just been noted, or to be more exact,
it has just been brought to public
notice by special dispatches from Ottawa. ThiB is the "recognition" by
party leaders of the candidacy of
claimants of the soldier vote. On the
soldiers' ballot a man may vote either
for government, for opposition, for an
independent candidate, or a Labor can*
didate, or for an individual.
Now, it is pretty well settled that
an election will be held early in December, and in the meantime, the Labor
candidates must get a " leader,'' recognized as such by tbe government or opposition, or be "recognized" by thota
to stand any chance of tho soldier
vote. It is provided that within five
days of nomination day the prime ministor and the leader of the opposition
must place in the hands of the clerk
of the crown in chancery a list of the
men whom he endorses as his candidates in the various ridings. In the
case of a Labor or independent candidate, endorsation must come from the
recognized lender of such independent
or Labor party. Leaderlcss men who
may care to run without endorsation
can only hope to secure soldiers' votes
through the personal space left on the
ballot on which a soldier may place a
name. Otherwise he iB not entitled to
any vote marked in any of the other
four spaces.
It is therefore obvious that any man
who desires to fbenofit by the soldiers'
vote must be endorsed by cither of the
There is a leader of the government
at the present time and there is a lead-
FRIDAY. October
'' Liberty Bonds.'' If thoy secure
enough of these bonds, and thore is no
good reason why they should not do so,
they won't need to work any more.
They can live at ease upon thc interest
thereon. It beats the devil that they
do not catch on to the soft snap thus
offered, and each and all take advantage of it.   Its a cinch,
paid for copies and less than half-a-
down exchanges to the whole state of
Washington, and but 105 eopiea to the
whole United States, has thus caused
the republic to so rock upon its founda-
mom, that evon "government agents"
noticed it, and the assistant district attorney- felt impelled to call upon "department" Burleson to come to the reii-
cue and exorcise the damned thing, 14
copies of which had caused such a tern-
peat in a teapot in the "Northwest."
The Federationist is undoubtedly entitled to feel cheety. It has evidently
been able to accomplish, with only 14
copies in the "Northwest," what the
entire British nation was unable to do
in the glorious days of 1776, for it has
Wwently frightened a great republic
of 110,000,000 people into a state closely bordering upon complete collapse,
while Great Britain in 1776 couldn't
frighten a measly 13 colonies with less
than 4,000,000 population. And how
fortunate that.the terrible plot was
discovered before it was too late. The
circulation of The Fedorationist has
reached the amazing figure of 14 in the
state of Washington during the last
nine years. Had the remarkable discovery of the "government agents"
not been made for another nine years,
the circulation might have been doubled, or nearly so, and then thero would,
indeed, have been "hell a popping."
It would have been too lute to hnve
even saved the ruins. The erstwhile
proud republic would have gone and its
territory probably given over to tho
Huns, tho jack rabbits and the sage
* •      *
As a matter of fact, The Federationist docs not and has not offered any
opposition to the "press gang" measures of either the United States or
Canada, in the way of advising any one
to attempt to evade the "press gang"
* *      *
Wo are opposed to conscript servitude, either military or industrial, regardless of whether such conscription
is enforced by means of a press gang
or other circumstances of human slavery that are equally compelling and
equally degrading. A peoplo who will
lay down to either, certainly ought to
be compelled to drain the cup of their
servility to tbe very dregs. And they
certainly will be so compelled, Slavos
are slaves, and so long as ruling class
society continues, a slave's fate will be
their portion. Rebelling ngainst individual edicts of a ruling cluss while at
the same time sustaining a nd buttressing and bulwarking that
class in itB privileges to own, nnd
to rulo, and to rob, gets the enslaved
workers nowhere but into even more
serious trouble than they previously enjoyed. > And it is indeed both wicked
and foolish to advise thom to blindly
"kiok against the pricks." Tho Federations iB not guilty of having done
ao. This paper advocates the complete
conquest of the so-called public powors
by the working claBB, to the end thnt
the ruling class may be sent to that
What is Labor's opinion of the al
loged federal "union" government?
It is the combined evils of both the
old parties, with all that that implies.
With the man power of the nation
commandeered by the government, it
is now up to the working class to soe
that profit-making shall bc adjudged
the crime of crimes. ' *
Man power in Canada has been seized by force. The counterpart of that
movement is the conscription of every
industry in Canada collectively used,
and every last dollar of proflt.
Teachers in Philadelphia aro demanding an increase in wages. They declare
that a dollar today has only the purchasing power of 40 cents a couple of
years ago. And yet we con not see
why there is any ground for complaint
in regard to this slight depreciation in
currency values. It docs not require a
very high degree of intelligence to
know that by the ond of another two
years of this delightful world slaughter
and devastation, that /iko all other ruling class enterprises is financed purely
with figures and wind, several dollars
of nothing but wind will be required to
purchase what 40 eents wortlrof the
samo sort of wind would havo purchased during former times. It would seem
that teachers ought to understand such
things, and not be at all astonished or
disturbed over anything that might
happen in the way of price fluctuations.
This finance business is so extremely
simple that even the school kids ought
to Bee through it.
The most suggestive courtesy ever
accorded to organized labor was ox-
tended by WardenMurphy, of the state
penitentiary at Joliet, IU., to the delegates to the Illinois State Federation
of Labor convention in that city recently. The warden invited them to
visit the penitentiary, Eight hundred
delegates fell for the invitation, and
were conveyed in special cars to the
prison gates and were kindly escorted
by the warden through that magnificent
monument to class rule and class robbery. The worthy visitors were thus
afforded an opportunity to familiarize
themselves with the splendid provisions
A sad case of misplaced confidence
his, own physical perfection is instanced in the case of thc resident of
tbe west end who had all of his teeth
pulled, in order td escape military ser-  vutlll_vco _ tur lu ,,ruvi8lplia
vice under the now Military Service that are made by slave labor for the
Act. Having thus fortified himself, he proper and well-deserved entertainment
applied for medical examination, and 0f the slaves themselves, whenever they
whs turned down on account of flat  flro guilty of such conduct as to merit
extraordinary consideration at the
hundB of their masters. It might well
be considered as a most delicate hint to
the visiting labor statesmen, of where
they might reasonably expect to land
in ensu they should so far swerve from
their loyalty to their masters and their
master'h government, as to fail to
'' bend the pregnant hinges of the
knee" when the whip of exploitation
crncks, or the "God of War" bockons
them to tbe slaughterfest. And the
800 fell for it and were greatly elated
in consequence of thc courtesy extended. Vory appropriate invitation; very
appropriate, indeed.
Now that Senator Robertson, an alleged labor man, hae been added to the
Union govornment, it is to be presumed
that this erstwhile nondescript craft
may now be termed "camouflaged."
Query: Will its low visibility carry it
safely through tho danger zonef Will
this ringed, stroaked and speckled contraption cheat the electorate as readily
as I.nban cheated his brother out of his
heritage with the multicolored reedst
' Russian Workers Favor l'eace,''
approvingly shouts an exchange in glaring headlines. They must bo unpatriotic, seditious, slackors, cowards, socialists, I. W. W.'s, traitors, pro-Germans,
and arc undoubtedly financed by Hun
money. It seems most astonishing that
any one could he found now bo simplo
us not to be able to see right through a
wicked pacifist at firBt glance. After
the training we have had, we ought to
be able to smell oat one of thc infamous and rascally breed at least halfway round tho earth. And the most of
us can. Peace? All of us patriots
"strafe" it.
Between 10,000 and 15,000 school
children in tbe Jewish section of Brooklyn, N. Y., recently paraded through the
streets with banners bearing inscriptions reading: "We want socialism,"
"Down with the high cost of living,"
"We want sugar." It seems that even
the children are not altogether satisfied
with "democracy" a la Wilson.
According to the federal bureau of
labor statistics at. Washington, flour
was 127 per cent, higher, corn meal 89
per cent, higher, lard 78 per cont, high-
r, augur 75 per cent, higher, und potatoes and bread each 59 per cent, higher
in price on July 15, 1917, than on July
15, 1914. And a similar advance has boen made in prices
of    almost    everything    elso    gni ng
nto the daily living of the poople. As
wages have made no corresponding advance, there is still no reason why wage
earners should  not  invest  heavily  in i
It is mentioned with much glee by
the sewer pipo press, that a very large
number of German troops have recently
deserted and found refuge in Switzerland, This would rather lend ono to
bcliovo that desertion is commendable,
and might induce some of our own soldiers to do likewise. From an unbiased
standpoint, it appears to us that
"slackers" and "cowards" and "traitors," and "deserters," are equally
entitled to conBuro, no matter to which
side of the present ruling class controversy they belong. We,would not dare
to commend desertion and other equally
ignoble practices upon the part of our
enemies for fear of encouraging similar
conduct among the brave warriors in
our most holy cause. We are not disposed to oncourogo law-breaking among
even our most hated enemies. We have
too much reverence for law and order
to inddlgo in such conduct. We leave
such u reprehensible practice as that of
expressing joy because the gallant soldiers of any country desert, to those
who are far moro patriotic ond loyal
with their mouths than in any other
way, and who are such unsu'ffernble
hypocrites as to npprovo of conduct
upon the part of German soldiers that
they would emphatically condemn upon
the part of our own. If wc were to
approve of desertion upon the part of
Gorman soIdierB, we would at least
manifest the courage of our convictions
by recommending similar conduct upon
the part of our own. And that looks
liko high-grade patrintism to us.
er of tho opposition. But there is not
yet any leader of Labor or any independent party leader "recognized" as
such. If Labor candidates expect to
bonefit by the soldiers' vote under the
somewhat peculiar provision of tho act,
they must either secure a leader of
their own who will officially endorse
them or thoy must seek endorsation
as opposition or unionist candidates.
The same holds good with independents.
Should tbe new union government fail
to secure a Labor member it is more
than probable that many Labor candidates will have to,seek endorsation on
the opposition ticltcts.
The intimation in the prime minister's manifesto that a representative
of Labor will be included in tbe cabinet
"forthwith," leads to the belief that
an appointment will be mado almost
immediately. J. G. O'Donoghue, solicitor of the Dominion Trades and Labor
Congress; Controller Joseph Ainey, of
Montreal and Senator Gideon Robertson, have been in consultation with the
premier recently.
Toronto's Labor Council.
The Trades and Labor Council, at its
last meoting, appointed a committee of
Ave to confer with an organization of
farmers outside the fifty-milo radius,
which, it is Baid, is controlled by
monopolists. The farmers' spokesman
at the meeting had a list of produce
and prices, which, he said, would be
used to fight monopoly and greed. The
farmers' real difficulty was to get in
touch with the consumers without go*
ing to tbo middleman. The committee
from the council and tbe liko committee from tbe producers, it is hoped,
will evolve some plan, say on the cooperation principle, whereby a central
market or chain of markets may be
started; or a receiving and distributing
Modern Hog Raising.
The bacon inquiry is still going for
ward. W. F. O'Connor, cost of living
commissioner of the labor department,
states that he has secured pormission
from the attorney-general of Ontario to
indict Mr. Fox, of the Wm. Davies
company, for failure to supply certain
information requested by the department. Sir Joseph Flavelle will be
asked to tell what he knows. I also
learn tbat the prices of bogs ,has
jumped 103 por cent, since 1914, lard,
117 per cent. After reading the testimony at tho hearing, I., for one, reach
the conclusion that we here in Canada
paid a share of tbe profits on bacon in
England. In tbo meantime the price
of tbe hog and his products is sky high.
Iron Workers for Overseas.
The secretary of the Bridge and
Structural Iron Workors' International
union, bas received an offer from the
U. S. government to employ evory man
of the 164 memberB of the Toronto
union. The men are needed to go to
France to build tanks, and will be paid
the union ratos of wages, given free
passage overseas, and be boarded over
there at 80 cents a day. It is stated
that many of tbe men have expressed
a willingness to go. They will not be
asked to render any military service,
but merely to work as mechanics.
Jimmie Simpson Strong on "Uplift."
Ex-Controller James Simpson haa
loft for England to take part in the big
national educational prohibition campaign which is now being conducted
throughout the United Kingdom, The
entire temperance forces, including the
National Temperance Federation,
United Kingdom Alliance, and National
British Women's - Temperance Association, bave united under the Central
United Committeo, and representatives
of Iceland, Finland, Russia, France,
United States, and Canada, bave been
invited to take part in the campaign.
When over in England last year as
fraternal delegate from Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada to British
Trades Union Congress, Mr. Simpson
addressed the Temperance Federation
of Labor men, of which Rt. Hon.
Arthur Henderson is chairman and Mr.
Harry Gosling, member of London
County Council is secretary. It was on
strength of this address that he was
invited by the central joint committee of the National Educational Prohibition campaign cimmittco to go to
Labor Nominees in Ontario.
Aldcrhian M. M. Mac Bride of Brantford is the federal nominee of the Independent Labor party in that riding.
Labor in the Nippissing district will
place a war-Labor candidate in tho
field for tbe coming federal election.
Jas. A. Wiley, who for several years
has been a member of the city council
and was Labor candidato for the legislature in the last provincial election,
has announced his candidature for the
mayoralty of St.'Catherines for 1918.
Toronto Labor Candidates.
At the executive meeting of the
Greater Toronto Labor party, held recently, it was decided to circularize all
the locals and call the attention of all
members of organized Labor to the
fact that three candidates of Labor
were .definitely in the field in the persons of Davey Carey, James Watt, and
James Ballantyne in South Toronto,
Parkdale, and East York respectively.,
A committee of four, composed of J.
Young, C. N. I.ogue, Jas. Scott, and
W. Clements, wero selected to draft an
doctoral map of ward six and work
out cumpaign details for organizing a
thorough house-to-houflo canvass in
Parkdale and South Toronto confltitu*
Civic Employees Awaken.
The lute striko of scavengers and
street cleaners has been the means of
drawing thc employees of the corporation of Toronto closer to the organized
Labor movement and In the future tho
meetings of the civic employees will be
held in the Labor Temple, The men
will also affiliate with the Trados and
Labor Congress of Canada and tbe
District Labor Council and will become
an integral part of thc Labor movement. Fifteen years ago the Civic Employees' Benevolent association was affiliated with the Trades and Labor
Carpenters Thriving.
Mr. Thomas Moore, Canadian organizer for the Brotherhood of Carpenters,
states that tbe wages of the members
of that organization in Ontario had
been increased over $500,000 during the
Joe Naylor Successfully Negotiates for a Short-
Term Loan
etc., that   coul
., . . nf.(,-  taken up in discussions upon subjects
EL" K^&HS MSt !2 of real v'alue to the worker's as a class.
Kicks Contract System and
Many Accidents Break
the Monotony
[By Walter Head]
22.—It has been well Baid that the
working man never gets any sense In
his head until he has a vacuum In his
stomach, and judging by the way the
men of this body are attending their
union meetinga lately methinks It would
be well if adversity would pay them a
visit and create some of the aforesaid
vacuum, for we have well-attended
meetings whenever the cost of living
takes ono of its periodical ascents. The
workera then begin to sit up and take
notice, hustle round and want to know
what, the union is going to do about
it. They have not got over tho idea
of expecting a Moses to lead them out
of the wilderness, and ihey seem to look
upon a union aB a Moses, to be usod
whenever they get stuck. They don't
realize that they are the union, but go
around kicking about the clique that
runs things. It ia worthy of note that
they are only too willing on sundry occasions to stand by and let members
of the so-called clique, i.e., the union
men, as distinguished fro rathe members
of the union, be crucified for and by
Our meeting on Sunday was attended
by the faithful few, who are always on
hand to transact the business for the
members who simply lot their dollar
a month attond for them.
Like a Dog Chasing His Tall
A communication was read from the
international executive board dealing
with negotiations in the central competitive field for a raise of wages
which is to be granted when tho United
Statea fuol administrator grants the
operators permission to raise the price
of coal. When this takes place the
railroads will increase freight charges,
the farmer will demand higher rates for
his produce, and all commodities will be
correspondingly increased, which will
necessitate another raiso of wages. The
pricei of coal will be again raised, and
so on ad infinitum the merry game will
go on.
Would it not be better for the international board to devise ways and
means of instilling into thc minds of
the membership a knowledgo of economics; teach the theory of the claas
struggle, and in general advocate the
overthrow of this dog-eat-dog Bystem,
inateat of devising ways and moans of
patching up a system that is ripe for
burial, and is only waiting for an intelligent working class to dump it Into
the grave already dug?
For Pore Morals
A communication was received from
Joe Naylor, in which he asked to be
excused from attending our meeting to
roport on the Labor Congress convention for the present, as he hns just
now got tho loan of a job. He criticised the idea of congress advocating the
formation of a Labor party, on the
grounds that we have enough froaks
as it is.
If the idea of congress is to form
party similar"4t> the British I.L.N.,
lot it be said that the congress executive members are the wrong people to
start a party of that kind, for whatever may be the faults of tne I.L.P., it
haa been consistent in its opposition to
conscription—to auch an extent that
the ruling claas of Britain prevent the
official organ, the Labor Leader, from
being sent to Canada for fear of it contaminating the ultra-pure morals of the
Paddy Drapers.
Nothing Bat Kicking
The call for the nominating convontion was read, and credentials were
given to the writer. Our campaign for
funds for eleetion purposes has, ao far,
not beea a howling success. We held
the first of a series of social times on
Saturday night, and there was considerable kicking about the admiaaion
charge, and, by the way, a great deal
of tho kicking came from men who will
be called up in the first class. As it
was, with the admission price charged,
we barely paid expenses. However, wo
expect to do better next time,
The question of the check-weighman's
was dealt with. Some time ago when a
general 10 per cent, increaao of wagea
was granted, the check-weighman wns
granted the same increase, and because
thc check-weighman's wages are a littlo
higher than tho miners' day rate, thero
is considerable kicking, mostly umong
men who rarely attend their union
mcotlngs. However, tho mine is in poor
shape, not much coal coming out, nnd
tbo assessment from the miner for the
check-weighman ia abnormally high,
and ^i view of these circumstances,
coupffd with tbe fact that the check-
weighman is willing to accept a lower
wage to holp it out, It was deemed
advisablo to consider a cut in wages,
but not before the chronic kickers wero
given a special invitation to be present
at our next regular meeting, whon thc
question will be taken up.
Curse of Contract System.
These controversies ariaing out of the
contract system from time to time in
miners' unions, impress upon ono's
mind the curse of tbat syatem. Much
valuable time is wasted upon questions
of weight and payment for dead work,
Id    be moro profitably
Your assuranco of high'quality and honest service ia the
well-established  reputation attaching t6
Birks' Diamonds
''Known from Coast to Ooaat''
We invite you to inspect our stock or rings, pins, brooches
and pendants, and to make enquiries as to prices. Many
dainty pieces aro displayed.
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Q«o. E. Trorey, Man. Sir,
OrenvUle Stnet
SUNDAY, Oct. 28—Teamsters
and Chauffeurs, Typographical
Union, Saw Filers Association.
MONDAT, Oct. W—Steam Engineers, Boilor Makers, Electrical Workers.
TUESDAY, Oct. 30—Batchers
and Meat Cutters.
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31—Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Metal
Trades Counoil.
THURSDAY, Nov. 1—Trades
and Labor Council, Garment
PBIDAY, Nov. 2—Bailway Carmen, Filodrivers and Wooden
Bridgebuilders, Molders, Letter
Carriers, Civic Employees.
SATUBDAY, Nov. 3—Bakers,
in other part» of the world. A lad
Ladysmith haa a son working in an
country shipyard, having been
from Canada for that purpose
time ago. She hu been sending
bundles of paperi occasionally, amo
them being a oopy of The Federal
ist some times, and of all the aggr
tion of sources of knowledge he
picked out The Federationist to be
to him regularly. So there is
quarter where the usnal "con" of
bought press of B.C. haa not mti
hit, io a yearly subscription price
Now that Musclow and Muir b
been smitten by the hand of Bri
justice to tho tune of Ave years
three years respectively in prison,
having worked the comparatively hs
less astrological fake upon a sis
tucker or two whom God evidei
created for the very purpose, pert
the real ostate sharks and sky piloti
this neck o' the woods will be led
realize how oxtremely fortunate t
have so far heen in playing the garni
t. Hurt Mate    Moss tty. HU
Banisters, Solicitors, CwvtraKon, Etc.
Victoria aad Vuconnr'
vanooaw Offl»: 618-7 Rosen Bldg.
the Compensation Bonrd to be not less
efficient than the medical aid provision
of the act. Wo woro not satisfied witb
that ruling, bo we bave subsequently
caused ourselves to be placed under the
medical aid provisions of tho act, so
that in thc evont of eipert medical or
surgical aid being required in the
future it will be provided out of the
medical aid fund of the provincial act,
and instend of the workers having to
make up any deficiencies the industries
will be assessed for said deficiencies.
Plethora of Accidents.
We have boon having an epidemic of
accidents lately. One man sustained a
broken collar bone; two men broken
arms, one of tbem receiving his through
going back in his working place to get
a saw he had forgotten, when a shot
went off, fortunately letting him off
with a broken arm. Another man sustained a severe injury about the mouth
through a loaded car running away;
his lip was cut right through and all
his teeth knocked out.
An intereatlng point arises out of this
caso. The medical-aid clause of the act
provides for any necessary artificial
members, and we presume teeth are
artificial members.
The act in another part makes provision for an allowance for disfigurement, so between the two clauses wo
have good grounds for expecting the
board to make provisions to put our
brother's mouth into a Vendition approaching its condition before the accidont. The injured man Is only aged 20,
and the Iobb of his teoth is a great
physical handicap..
In closing I wish to give an Instance
of how The Federatlonist is appreciated
Assets ....
. 84000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings ud Cambie Its.
TheBtakef British North America
Istemshsa ia istl
Branehu tkroafheat Oaaeda aal at
Seriate Bspartaaat
members huvo' boon initiated.' Tho two
largest local unions in the province arc
No. 27 of Toronto and tho Trenton
locnl, each having a membership of
about 300.
Machinists' vigorous Campaign.
The Internntion Association of Machinists have been conducting a vigorous campaign of organization among
the omployoes of the Grand Trunk
Railway company, and application will
soon be mude to the federal labor department for a board of investigation
and conciliation under tho Industrial
Disputes Investigation act to considor
demands for higher wages and improved working conditions for the machinists and helpers.
Thc contract system is a boon to the
owner, for he will fight most bitterly
against its abolition, for ho wrings
more profit 'but of tho workers' hide
by this system. The worker may get a
little more money, but he does a whole
lot more work.
The hint question discussed was that
of taking up a collection for one of our
members, who waa run over in tho mine
somo eight months ago. There is danger of him being a cripple unloss he
receives expert surgical treatment of
his log. A collection is to be taken up
this coming payday to enable bim to
receive the requisite treatmont.
At the time of tbis man's injury our
medical relief fund was considered by
Capital..... 118,000,000 Best 113,800.000
PtasMsat! sn JOHN aud
Mala Offlee:  Comer Bastings aad OranvUle Itreota, Vancouver
OnHHEROUL DRIVI Oor. first A.m.. aai Oouureial Drive
S45F-5S2 Oor. Poador aad Mela BU..U
'■URJIEW. ■.*...... Cor. SHU l.MU ..i OraiTlll. Siimi
HASTINOS eat OAUBII Oor. Hullap ud Onbl. Stmts
SRS&'I'.0,: IIVJA *»■ *"** Alette tat Tow 81ml
MSSST.pfc£i8i!rr Ot- *>••- *'•••• ••« Mali Stmt
KSSii_?T!lIrr Oar. Vl.urU Drive mi tam.lt Stmt
SOUTH HIIL.. Oor. rortyoifklh aad fnsor Avos.
Alao Worth Vancouver Branch, Conn Lonsdale Avenue aad Bspjaaadt
O. N. 8TA0EY, Manager
Oranvillo ud Pender
Dont stow away your spare
eaah ln any old eorner where it is
ln danger from burglars or tre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yon perfeet safety for yonr
money, and will give yon full
banking service, whether yonr aeeonnt la large or small.
Interest allowed oa savings deposits.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Bastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up.
Beserve Funds ■
Total Assets	
...» 12,011,000
... 14,324,000
... 287,000,000
410 branches In Canada Newfoundland, West Indies, eto., of whloh US
are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—eay, every payday. Intereat credited half-yearly.  Ne delay In withdrawal. mmmm~m
...October 26, 1917
Lilian Walker
lust of the Ages'
Thrilling in its dramatic moments.
With  the   sweetest   lovo story
ever told.
Tremendous   scenes   of   ancient
and modern times.
"PATBIA" with MBS.
shown Monday, Tuesday and
Wedneaday only.
The Broadway
For Friday and Saturday
This Week
Pauline Frederick
"Her Better Self'
Monday and Tuesday
Mary Pickferd
"Teas of the Storm
Wednesday and Thuraday
Wallace Reid
"The World Apart"
At—at—xlte — Children fee
Popular Prices
Main and Broadway
One week commencing
Monday, Oct. 29
"The Shepherd
of the
Night: 15c, 30c and 40c
' Wednesday and Saturday Matinees:
15c, 20c and 30c
Unburdens Mind to Ladies
at Meeting of the
Women's Forum
Much Was Expected But
* Little of Interest Was
Isn't It about time that Mayor McBeath made a straight atatement about
what he saw at the Seattle cabaret
shows! He hae been beating about the
bush on thla quostion ever since he returned from a trip to Seattle, where he
and aome of the other oity fathers
gave the shows the once over.
If ono were to judge by Mayor Malcolm'a head-shakings, air of mystery,
etc., he saw something awful.
Anyone who knows Malcolm knows
that if he did see anything so awfully
awful, he'd be sure to tell about it
right away. On Tuesday night about
sixty members of the Women's Forum
gathered at the board of trade rooms
to hear some real, regular revelations
about' the cabaret experience of the
But they did'nt. "Of course, you
know, this is rather a delicate subject,
ladles," said the mayor, with a wise
The fact is, he wished he had something awfully immoral to tell them, but
he hadn't.
The reason ho doesn't tell a great
big yarn about painted ladies meander-
ing about all regardless of latroduction
and warming up to sundry strangers, is
because he didn't see anything of the'
sort, and, besides, there wero others in
tho party.
What a marvollous talc our mayor
would have had to tell had he made tho
trip alone t ,
However, ho did pretty well at that.
He said it all depended on control. If
the cabarot show was not controlled it
would degenerate into a resort for
street hustlors—that was what he
meant. There was nothing new about
that. Some of our first-class hotels,
unless properly controlled, become rendezvous for the street walker and pimp,
thieves of one kind and another, etc.
The mayor failed to build up any
sort of case against the cabaret, but ho
did fairly woll at boosting for himself
and another term as mayor. He very
carefully lirst assured the ladles that
he wasn't there to talk politics, but in
an unselfish spirit. However, during his
term of office he had had a lot of things
to contend with which taxed "his
powers of diplomacy." Yes, some of
the ladies smiled, too.
And then he went on to tell how
that secret menace, the mysterious
political myth, "the underworld,'' had
it in for him, and any other good man
they couldn't handle.
All of which was pure political bosh,
which the mayor thought he was "putting over." Some of the comment
among the women afterward was interesting. One of them said quite plainly,
"The man's a ."
What To Do With Idle Men
******     ******     ******     ******
And Craving for Sociability
"When the people of this city closed
the bars they created a tremendous soe*
ial problem," said Prof. Hetherington,
in a speech before the Women's Forum
on Tuesday night. What the professor
meant was that the bars were the places
where men congregated to satisfy a
craving for sociability, and now that
the bars were closed to them they have
no place to congregate. Perhaps it
would suit a certain class of tomperance
citizens—the class that is frequenting
the MacLeod cafe in the face of girl
pickets who are striking for better
working conditions—if the workingman
sought his "craving for sociability" in
the bare streets. In which event they
would run them in for obstructing the
Perhaps Jonathan Sogers, head of the
prohibition party, will invite some of
the men who have no other place to go
to spend their time around hia block, or
will provide a room for thom where
they can congregate. Perhaps—. But
those who know Jonathan know that he
doean't want to associate with the ordinary working man, thinking this will
disguise the faot that he la made of
the same sort of clay himself, for all
his frantic efforts to climb the local
social ladder,
And perhaps some of the other shout-
ers for the elimination of the bar will
do something to provide centros where
outside loggers and .workingmen generally may gather on coming to town
to spend their hard-earned dollars
among local business men.
A good way to test the bona Ides of
Sogers and that crowd* of pious business
sharks would be to take up a subscription for the operation of places to "satisfy the craving for sociability."
Prof. Hetherington, by the way, runs
what is called a "social centre" in the
congested portion of the city, where
workingmen who come to town and
who meet at the employment agencies,
gather. The professor told the good
ladies something about his place—lodgings, reading rooms, baths and a lunch
counter. However, the plaoe ia not
very well patronized for some reaaon
or other. A logger, or toller, who comes
to town cant flnd much to attract him
around the Hetherington centre, though
it ia very good so far as lt goes,
Someone haa been heard to suggest
that such "soeial centres" would prove
a whole lot more successful in "satis*
firing the craving for sociability" if
they put on a good, rough boxing
match, or something vigorous, The man
without a home, who works hard for
weeks, or months, wants recreation
other thaa singing hymns to the organ's
music, which but conjure up lugubrious
thoughts and aweet memories.
Thla Week.
Orpheum—A well-balanced vaudeville
programme. First run of official
British war pictures.
Pantages—Up to its customary standard ef vaudeville.
Globe—Films which draw big crowds.
Broadway—A clasBy picture show.
EmpreBs—The stock company in a vory
pleasing play.
Next Week.
Orpheum—A bill of which Manager
Pilling expeota much.
Pantages—Mr. 0. Pantages says he
oxpocts the bill will pleaao.
Olobe—Pictures which the management
will offer in every confidence.
Broadway—Pictures said to be as attractive as anything shown at
this house.
Empress—Another play by the capable
Empress Stock company.
Special Attractions at Olobe.
"Lust of the Ages" is the title of
a particularly strong picture which will
bo at the Globe theatre all week with
Lillian Walker in the stellar role. Miss
Walker is n very strong charaoter actress and in "Lust of the Ages" she
haa a vehicle which allows full play to
her talent. Advance information regarding the film is that it is excellent in ovory particular.
Fsataps VaudsvUla
Heading next week's Panllgei bill Is a
 -■! be •• attrsc*
novelty inimal set thst should
lion.    Mile. Lillian Aurora is  the  trainer, _ „„„ ,„ „„,„,„.       „
s&'^.^Wfin^ zt__*sf_^____i__ *-
Houses Are Not Extracting Percentage
on Behalf sf Oovernment.
The amusement tax, which proved so
inconveniencing to movie patrons that
the govornment had to agree to ohange
the system and compel the houses to
extract it, is now being collected by the
various amusement places. These have
added the tax to tbe usual admissions,
which alao have been Increased owing
to the general higher costs to the
houses in films which have gone up considerably, and in wages. As there haB
been considerable misunderstanding of
the higher prices and the amusement
tax question, the Moving Picture Ex*
hibitors' association has issued a statement to patrons setting out the situation in detail. This will be found on
Page 7.
Borrow From Ourselves
******       ******
By Lending to Ourselves
Tho more we hear from the lips of
our great men ln the way of financial
instruction and lore, the more profoundly are we inmpressed with the imponderability of their wisdom. Lloyd
George in his recent speech at Albert
Hall, referrod to the enormous debt incurred through the present war, as follows: "The most of this gigantic debt
will be a dobt we owe to ourselves. *
• ' The more we save the more we
can lend, and the more we lend the less
will Great Britain owe to others."   It
lion called D'Artagnan, whose great trick la
to ride an amiable pony around the ring.
There la also a email dog. very even temper
ed, whom long aaioclatlon with D'Artagnan,
haa filled with auch confidence that ne eate
with rellah ont ol the same dlab aa D'Artagnan.
Win Many Stirring Battles
******     ******     ******     ******
With Prowess of the Tongue
A fine collection of patriots gathered
on Wednesday night at the board of
trade rooms. They called thmselves the
"Win-theWar" League committee of
one hundred. About seventy were
there, and not to discuss winning the
war, but how best to win the election.
If a recruiting offioer should have happened in he would have found a lot
of the husky young men in attendance
hastily reaching for their exemption
excuses. Headed by Bev. Principal
Vance, a noisy preacher who loves the
limelight of publicity, this crowd has
been making a great noise about the
war and have fought horoic battles on
the platform, with their mouths. It
would be interesting to look up the
Bed Oroas subscription lists and see
just how much this crowd had pot
latched as a practical demonstration of
their patriotism. They have been shouting loudly for some months, "Fight or
pay." They haven't fought, nor have
they paid much, if anything.
The crowd wbs organized for a political purpose and ia an adjunot to the
old Tory political machino whose object in life is not to "win the war"
nor even assist in winning it, but to
koep Sir Bobert Bordon and the system of high prices and profiteering in
existence for tho torm of tho war.
Novor in Canadian, nor othor his-
and her syncopation klnga
In "Prevarication"
"Nut" stuff
"No Regular Actor"
"Aa in a Dream"
Martin  Beck  presents
Evenings—15c, SOo, 40c, 56c, SOe
Matinees—16c, 20c, 300 aad SBC
The Equestrian Lion
Mnalc, Cenedy, Dancing, Olrla
tory, has thero boen such a splondld
opportunity to rob the people. And
the robber bands which roam Canada
from coast to coast are not going to
givo up without a fight to any other
robber bands which have stood off
since the great profit-drive commenced,
sniffing jealously at the spoils with
envy in their souls.
The "Win-theWar" committee of
one hundred is made up of some vory
healthy citizens, the most of them a
lot younger than some mon who have
done and are doing "their bit." They
are headed by Vance who ought to
make a pretty good soldier for he's
young onough, Btrong enough and noisy
enough to Bcare a whole regiment.
George Housser is another strapping
young man, not to mention D. E. Me-
Taggart, etc.
Two representatives of the Great
War Voterans' association attended tho
nieeting for tho purpose of seeing to it
that in tho proposed distribution of
onndidacles (proposed only) their association Bhould not bo left out ns lt
otherwise would be. Thoso must have
felt out of placo among bo many
staunch patriots who were rendy and
willing to die for Borden.
ourselvoa by lending to ourselves. The
more wo save .the more we can borrow
from ourselves by lending to ourselves.
And the taore we borrow from ourselves
by lending to ourselves, lt is plain to
bo aeon that the less we will owe to
others, unless, of course, wo should be
so foolish as to also borrow from them.
When one cornea to fully realize the innate simplicity of this matter of financing nothing out of nothing with nothing, and one cannot really understand
it until it has been lucidly oxplained
by a Lloyd Georgo or some other capable person, it does really seem a pity
that poor old Robinson Crusoe was not
a financial expert during his long sojourn upon his island. What a lot of
fun he could have had with himsolf,
what a world of joy he eould have real*
lzed, by playing financial solitaire with
himself during those long weary yeara
before Friday eame along. After that
he could have playod it upon Friday, to
their mutual satisfaction and without
any grounds for suspicion upon the letter's part that Crusoe was rubbing it
into him. Friday is like that even unto
thia day.
"Everything is monopolized in this
country today. A few men control the
steel industry, a small group controls
all the great railroad lines. It is tho
same way with coal and lumber and
leather and grain; everything is monopolized except tho air, and they can't
corner that. And during tho last few
days in Minneapolis, we have come to
learn that thero are aome men in this
country who would oven monopolize the
right to be patriotic." Bo said A. C.
Townley in a recent speech ln Minne*
spta. And that whieh he pictured is
tho vory democracy that we are fighting to make safe throughout tho world.
We hope that Mr. Townloy will see the
point.   Good point, too,
Prohibition Booze Upsets
******     ******     ******     ******
Peaceful Church Gathering
Prohibition is driving men to church.
But the lone record of thta thut has
been found shows that where the wan*
dering so.ii went to church on this occasion, he was soused when ho did it
and was thrown out again. As nobody
in a spirituous mood wandered into this
particular congregation before prohibi*
tlon, thc members arc disposed to believe that, after all, it wns not prohibition but tho kind of booze they sell
nowadays which caused tho visit.
According to tho details obtainable,
which aro meagre to say the loast, as
tho members of thc congregation aro
not vory talkativo on tho subject, tbe
good minister had his eyes raised to the
rafters and was going ahead at full
stoam, when tho boozy individual ap*
penred. Ho navigated tho stormy aisle
with considerable difficulty and slump*
od down into a sont near tho preacher,
Everything would hnvo boon all right,
only tho intruder socmod to want to
lend his general assistance to tho pas*
tor. Which wouldn't do at all. He Insisted without avail that he was a
splendid preacher himself, In fact, ai
PA    V  m   1/1     __%    ___   good or better than the one they had,
A   II    1   A   W    £i    d' «d -mumbled ungodly.    Finally he had
to be put out so tbo servico could proceed.
As such an opisodo was never recorded before prohibition was brought In,
and whoa whiskey and boer were to be
had for the price, tho occurrence must
bo laid at the door of prohibition and
the kind of dope that Is boing dispensed nowadays.
Whether the man who wont to church
undor the influence of prohibition boozo
had been drinking somo homc-mudo
brow or strong medicine nobody knows,
but a lot of good pooplo will forgive
It, whatever it wus, for it took the
drinker to church. That ho was thrown
out should not mattor.   H-e got in.
According to the daily press some
of thc druggist'i who fought so hnrd
for prohibition have a few things to
explain nnd some of tho medicines with
the alcoholic kick in them are to be
officially examiuod. Many an Indian
has been made drunk on patent medicines, and the drugstores have boon doing a pretty fair business in this class
of trade with white mon. Some of the
preparations arc said to contain a high
percent ago of alcohol, and "invalid's"
port is said to hnvo a kick like a mule.
SET. 7405
AFTER 6 p.m.—WT. 7497K
A Blustering Braggart and
a Han Who Is Guided
By Reason
Noisy Verbosity of the One
and Sound Philosophy
of the Other
The following sizeup of the respect-
ive merit of the American and Canadian delegates to the British Trade
Union Congreu held last month, is clipped from the Worker* Dreadnought.
In the contrast here drawn our own
"Dave" Bees looms up like a lighthouse in a fog as against the big mogul
of his own international organisation.
The difference1 shown Is that which exists between the reactionary professional job-holding type that constitutes
the officialdom of the trade union move*
ment, and the progressive and forward
element that constitutes all there is
that is virile and hopeful among the
rank and file. This progressive element
is the salt and savor of the organised
labor movement. The Dreadnought
The American Delegates.
In the speeches of the fraternal delegates which followed immediately
afterwards, the position of Labor in
world politics again presented itself.
The first of these delegates to speak
was Ur, James Lord, president of the
United Mine Workers of American
Federation of Labor, a big man bearing
a striking resemblance to some of the
portrait busts of Boman emperors in
the British museum. Poor fellow, In
the height of war fever delirium he declared: "We are not going to be swept
off oar feet by pacifists.7' His high-
flown denunciations of Prussia was too
much for one of the visitors, who, in
broad Lancashire accents, called out,
"Czar made t' war more than kaiser I"
It is kinder to Mr. Lord to refrain
from recording the outpourings of the
war delirium, from which we wish him
a speedy recovery, and which at present Alls him with enthusiasm for "the
most unique gathering in the world"—'
the American Committee on Labor, on
which John D. Bockefeller, of the
Standard Oil trust, Gugghenheim, of
the Steel trust, and other men "who
have never thought kindly of Labor,"
are sitting beside President Samuel
Oompers and other Labor representatives, and are, Mr. Lord imagines,'' laying aside their past differences.'' It
suffices to say that Mr. Lord informed
us that America is preparing for a three
years' war, and that the American
Federation of Labor does not see any
good in negotiating with the workers
of the Central empires.
Mr. Qolden, of the American Textile Workers, who announced that he
was born, "raised" and married in
Lancashire, spoke more moderately, and
chose his words with a good deal of
euro and tact; but whilst he began by
saying that when the plenipotentiaries
meet to arrange peace terms, the representatives of Labor must have seats at
the board, he finished by confirming his
colleague's declaration that the Ameri
can Federation of Labor refuses to confer with the representatives of the
workors fighting against them, and will
not talk to the Germans until the Germans are beaten.
Tho Canadian Delegite.
David Bees, the Canadian delegate,
one of the United Mineworkers, announced himself modestly as a "school
boy in the movement," and explained
that he had left tbe South Wales mines
only ten and one-half years before. He
seemed to be a typical South Wales
Socialist of the type whieh supports
the Central Labor College. Such men
observe all this conflict from the revolutionary standpoint, and on that ground
are able to adopt a firm, unflinching attitude, careless of being found Tn a
minority. They are removed from the
heat and anger of strife by the calm
security that we and our efforts are but
tiny incidents in the evolutionary process which is preparing Socialism within the womb of the capitalist system.
Hia was a simple, business-like speech,
well phrased, with no attempt at oratory, He thought that the delegates
wero all war weary and weary of war
speeches, an observation which evoked
loud applause. Referring to the resolution on tho agenda for a general
eight-hour day, he told the conference
that when he left for Canada tbo old
South Wales miner was wondering
whether he could make his wage under
the eight-hour day. In Canada the
miners now have tbe oight-hour day in
most districts, and their slogan has become a six-hour duy. He observed on
thc agenda a resolution urging thut
trade union representatives should have
tho right to uttond inquests and that
of putting questions through the coroner. This right the unions hnvo in Cnnnda. It was evident that thc congress
was a resolution factory; he wished
that we might bo less resolute in words
and more resolute in doeds. "We in
Canada havo this sin, too," he said. It
is only possible to get from a government what cun bo forced from it by
the power of organization. Referring
to workmen's compensation, he explained that a new act of British Columbia
doos away with thc necessity for going
to the courts by dccroelng that the
cases shall be tried by a representative
nf the employor, a representative of
the employee, and nn Independent
chairman. No chairman Is really independent; he would be a freak of naturo if he were. Tho cost of administering this new act was only 9 per
cont. as compared with thc old. Mr.
Rees contributed his word to the industrial unionism controversy and thc
determination of the British Miners'
Fedoration to organize all the workers
in and about the mines, saying thnt in
his view tho miners were right, and
that better results may be achtoved by
one great organization embracing all
the workers with whom an employer
has to denl than by a number of small
unions. Ho declared himself opposed
to compulsory arbitration, which involves tbe denial of the right to strike.
The Canadian Industrial Disputes Investigation Act dictates that 30 days
must elapse before the employees may
commence a strike or the employer a
lock-out. The worken have discovered
that this proviso gives tho employer
just the aotlce that he requires.   The
We will sell a limited Dumber of practical
and up-to-date hats for the dJQ ftp
very SPECIAL PRICE Or     .«{>£• "0
532 Gruvillt Street
Phone Sejr. #91
Your Hat, Sir-
It ii hen   d»Q BA
fer you at ^t_ttJ\J
We Lead In Snappy ud Up-te-dato Medele
Onr .Stefan
Quality at the Leaat Poeelble Priee
Black and White Hat Store
Rather Officiates As a Missionary for the Food
Failed to Make Medicine for
the Combined Evils of
Both Parties
Last Sunday night the people ot this
city, at least a large number, in the
Orpheum theatre eat through a two-
hour boost for Hon. W. J Hanna and
the weak attempts the hybrid Borden
government is making to explain the
manipulation of foodstuffs by a gang of
profit-pirates all over Canada To one
who has read the report of W. F.
O'Connor, food Investigator, of the
great stores of provisions held in cold
storage plants, Vancouver included, it
sounded like Dr. J. W. Robertson, the.
speaker, had merely been sent ont to
try and counteract public opinion which
had turned againat the Borden government so strongly on the subject of food
profiteering, which the Borden crowd
had permitted.
Robertson may believe what he
preaches, but the average working man
never will, for every time he shops he
makes Doc Robertson, Haana, Borden
and all that crowd eut pure fabricators, for his shopping experience shows
that prices are away beyond anything
reasouable, due entirely to the manipulations of food1 sharks by the protection of the Borden government, now a
united combination of the evils of both
Many smiled when Robertson asked
the individual to eat less so that more
food could go to Europe. The working class is eating little enough as it
is, and at that is eating all it can afford to pay for under conditions
brought about by the incompetence of
the administration at Ottawa.
Robertson told the crowd the way to
handle the situation waa for everybody
to eat leas. Many thought the way to
handle it would be for the government
to put the big pirates behind the bars
and confiscate the great storehouses
full of foodstuffs.
Tho speaker had a lot to say about
what the federal food controller had
power to do, but not a word about what
he had done. He created not a little
amusement when he aaid:
"The order-in-council providing for
the appointment of a food controller
sets forth that 'it shall be within the
power, and it shall be the duty, of the
food controller . . to make regulations when he deems it in thc publie
interest and subject to the approval of
the governor-in-council, governing the
prices of any article of food, and the
storage, distribution, sale and delivery
"It thus becomes part of the food
controller's task and duty to prevent,
os far us possible, anyone from exacting unfair profits in the handling of
food whereby unnecessary increase of
prices is caused to the consumor.
"A world shortage of food and the
purchase of enormous quantities of
foodstuffs by the governments of the
olllod nations, has brought about a
grent ndvunco in prices. So long us
buyers for the European governments,
buying in the open markets, compete
with buyers for domestic consumption,
thc prices of stnplc foods will be gov-
more experience of tho act the workers gain the moro thoy desire its repeal.
In regard to tho war and Stockholm,
Mr. Rees announced himself os one of
the 'minority. He thought thnt thc
workers should call an International
conference as speedily as possible, and,
in view of the groat sneriflcca already
made, should endeavor to see if on
early peace could not bo brought about.
It was all vory well to Buy: "Yes' we'll
tulk ponce when we've licked tho other
fellow," but the othor fellow might
adopt the sume utntitmlo. It wus snid
thnt this war wus a battle of Gorman
autocracy ngninst our democracy, but
ho hnd his doubts. Ho hnd his doubts
ns to why this wur wns commenced,
nnd why thc various powers hid como
into the war. Tn ull this he oxpluliicd
he had spoken fur himsolf. There wns
no doubt us to Cnnada'» patriotic,
hut in the Inter purt of 1014 and tho
oarly pnrt of 1915 men had boen fac*
ing the panic of unemployment, and
thoro was somo doubt as to how many
of the men who hnd enlisted hnd been
forced to thc recruiting office for lack
of a job. In sonic towns ns mnny as
00 per cent, of the people were aliens,
and these people dared not say muoh
about their views. But when the British workers should be tacrng an Industrial battle there was ao doubt that
tha Canadian workers would support
erned by what tb export buyers an
willing to pay.
I " What tha food controller can do ia
to aee that no one by speculation or
greed steps in and takes an unearned
or unfair profit between tho price fixed
for wheat and tk* price charged to tko
consumer for bread. The food controller ia making investigations ud hold-
lag conferences to ascertain just how
touch 'spread,' in different areas or
xones, between tho priee of wheat and
the price of flour and bread, will give a
fair return to millers, transportation
companies, dealers and bakers for actual service rendered. When the amount
of 'necessary spread' ia ascertained tha
price of bread can be governed, and no
unfair charges be permitted. Studies
are also being made to discover to
what extent the producer can be
brought closer to the consumer. When
the stage for aetion haa been reached,
and it may be arrived at in the very
near future, the only way ia which a
further reduction in tke price of broad
can be accomplished would be for the
government te meet part of the coat
and charge it up aa a public war expenditure."
The Essential Market
for Wise Buying
Wing Bib and Sirloin Boast Beef,
per n   Ho
T-Bone and Bound Steak Boaat,
per A  .._ He
Pot Boaat and Bib Boiling Beef,
per lb  „ Ue
Corned Beef,     Pickled Tongues,
Sausage (beef and pork). Minced
Beef, Lamb, Mutton, Veal and
rum dept.
Fresh-killed Fowl, lb  tit
Freah Salmon, per lb  He
Ling Codfish, per lb  He
Black Codfish, per lb  IBs
Crabs, Herring, Bloaters, Finnan
Haddie, Smoked Cod, Salmon,
Keg  Holland  Herring,  Oysters.
Butter, No. 1 Oovernment Cream-
ery, per lb  80c
2 lbs. for .  :. Ne
Batter, best dairy, per lb .... Ut
Best Teas, standard brands,    3
lbs. for  tlM
New Packed Baislns, t pkta. Sic
Coffee, for particular peoplo, per
Ray's Hsstings St
Public Market
Phono Seymour MM-MOS
XMjKltoH-." HmfCeem 0lm"*S
!&t5s35wS! A Al
For Salo
London, Canada.
D. J. Elmer
Sales Manager for
British Columbia
and' Tnkon.
3118 Alberta St.
B. C.
kimo or uoroLss
The/ sre Ihe finest bit of workman*
hip In the blerele world; t different
model* In  verlety of colors.
Pricei from Ms.so te IJ5.00, an .
.uy ptj-Bttt* If desired.
"The Pioneer Blerele Store "
111 Howe a    SU ______ It w. PAGE SIX
'But, did you take notice oj her teeth?"
HOW often is that remark made—behind your back, of course—
if you have defective teeth t
I T'S a perfectly natural remark when speaking about a person's
a appearance, for there ia nothing which leaves such a bad impression as the sight of defective teeth—all too prominent when
you talk or laugh.
CALL at my office and learn how perfectly those defects may be
remedied—those missing teeth restored and you will understand how, at little cost, your countenance may be made as nature
intended—not marred by conditions whieh cause critical remarks.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
Ten-year written manatee
oa all dental work.
Examinations    made    oa
phono appointments.
We put the Union Label on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen—
We do this as a guarantee that you havo received the best of workmanship throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters have for years given our patrons the satisfaefon of knowing they
were wearing clothea that fit—clothes that wero built for them. Bee
our fall and winter samples for ladies and gentlemen. Tho prioes on
our madetoorder Suite and Coats aro thc loweat consistent with standard goods and expert workmanship.
This is waterproof shoe season and every man should have
a pair of our good waterproofed shoes.
They are great foot protectors and will also save your fine
Oood, heavy viscolized soles, with soft pliable uppers of
black or tan calfskin—some are leather-lined.
Drop in and have a look at these good shoes.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
C. A. CBTSDALB, Manager for B. C.
Phono Sey,. 6770 for appointment and we will arrange same for your
Demand the Best
Cascade and Peerless
Beer, Alexandra Stout
Canada Cream Stout
All the above brands are brewed and bottled by
union Workmen
Bottled at the Brewery by
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Canadian Northern Railway
DimioT PAMzmm aobbtt, m hahdhmi w„ vanoouteb
Htlp Wanted.
Editor B. 0. Federationist: A scant examination of tbe press news emblazoned forth
from contemporary international capitalist
newspapers sans news, sans truth, sans
sense, inclines me to tha belief that we bave
a great deal to be thankful for as we scan
Tba B, 0. Federationist. In comparison
twlxt it and tke abortions admittedly controlled by the powers tbat be, whose interests are not identical with that of Labor,
we must admit tbat tbe news that we obtain from our own weekly makes possible
an assertion tkat we have the satisfaction
of owning and controlling the most Irritating
mosquito tbat ever leaped on the bald bead,
of a master; a mosquito wltb two virtues—
a sting, denoting lta presence to the powers
that be, and a sting for tbe worker, telling I
him that he can be stung by other than a
As one considers tke general tone embodied in its editorial oolnmns, articles and
contributions, and compares it with journals
possessing elaborate wire services, large
staffs on "write-ups" and gimeral conditions which should develop ability and
genius, but does not, we can then formulate
ideas relative to the difficulties which mutt
face an editor who bas to battle with poor
tools, and In faet, sans everything.
Hhere Is where you, Mr. Wageworker,
come In. Ity reason for using the title
"Help Wanted," Is that the average reader
can at least permit his brain to work overtime, whenever the opportunity occurs; he
can discuss work, read of work, dream of
work, and look for work.
Indirectly you get paid for boosting organisation, but you do not get paid for
knocking it. Tou need not knock on any
door ln the Labor Temple bofore entering;
hence a knock when reversing your clutch
is superfluous.
There Is no need to lay back and growl
If a letter In "The Fed." disagrees wltb
your point of view. There Ib ' 'Help Want- i
ed" there. Oet bUBy and sling some Ink.
I started eleven yeara ago and I'm not
through yet.
Hy search for a meal ticket most times,
leads me to browse tn tbe vicinity of those
Utopian regions, commonly termed construction camps. We disciples of Ubor unity ln
but short periods of time return to whence
we came. The very word "conditions"
causes mysterious forms to lurk ln tbe back-
![round of our bnmble bunk, which even onr
maglnatlon lends belief that tbere Is a dictaphone under onr very pillows to ascertain
if we "agitate" ln our sleep.
I worked for twelve days at Coquitlam,
Ave days after a report In The Federationist
told that a business agent nad been Informed that an "agitator" bad visited the
plant. I spoke a few words to the "job
steward," and, at that, just a few generalities regarding the Labor movement, and
nothing relating to proposed strike, aa I
had no authority and desired none. But If
any individual asks my opinion he Ib welcome to an answer, and that answer will
always be In the interests of tbe class of
which I am a member, Irrespective of tbe
fact that a poor ignorant mortal might sup- j
{lose that I chew glass and pack dynamite i
n my blankets.
We rejected mortals mnst get some teamwork from city workers, If trade unionism
is ever to reach and embrace outside pointB.
We have got to be assisted, because it Ib
next to Impossible, to cover the eame ground
We bave travelled all over British Columbia at our own expense, making sacrifices
and being bunted like rats; so It Is up to
members of tbe respective trades to actively
carry on tbelr efforts on the outside and
not let the few do all tbe work.
If you see a brother pushing a truck or
handling a No. 3, take it for granted tbat
he haB been spreading the "gospel" and has
retired from "active service.**
By the way: A list of stores and cafes,
fair to union labor, would make interesting
reading In tbls paper.
Please circulate old copies on tbe outside
points. Please "do your bit." This junk
Is not written for amusement.
If there is not a union to take In your
trade, write the Labor Temple and bave one
made to measure.
S.  H.  COOKE.
17 Hastings street west,    Oct. 21.
model of virtue and a benefactor of her race
compared with the clas« which pollutes and
poisons the brain and heart of the people
for tbe system which the daily press endorses, tbe monster from which Inevitably
grows war and poverty, degradation and disease, slums and redlight districts.
, Who aays that the world is not rich
enough, and man's productive powers great
tortf       -avii^m tor all in peace and com-
To Impress upon your readers that It Is
tneir duty to support In every way the
Labor press, which voices the ideas and aspirations of the common people, I will conclude by quoting the words of John Swin-
™*j » ' ln ropI* t0 * t0B8t on the 'nde-
Said- PM" M * b,*ni*uet in New York,
. "? «* P»M 9150 a week for keeping my
honest opinion out of the paper I am connected with. Others of you are paid similar
salaries for similar things. And any of you
who would be so foolish as to write honest
opinions would be out on the streets looking
ior another job.
"If I allowed my honest opinions to appear in one Issue of my paper, before _i
h°u" my occupation would be gone.
The business of tho journalist is to destroy the truth, to He outright, to pervert,
i«/l1W]r,nt0t>wn at lhe feet ot Mwnmon
5 Ji   h    i       countr-' nnd h'" r*ce 'or hi"
fnii7uu Siii *¥■•and -1 kno* -*» »* ****
Pr ss" toBstlng an 'Independent
vi Tit iro t001' *JPd «■"■'-> °' pI<* »on be-
hind the scenes. We aro tho jumping jacks;
they pull the strings and wo dance. Our talents, our possibilities, and our lives are all
the property of other men. We are Intellectual prostitutes."
v • W.  J.  CURRY.
Vancouver, Oct. 22.
-October 26, 191
Goodwin Not ft B. 0. F. of L. Oandlata at
Editor B. 0. Federationist: There Ib i
mistake in The Federationist of October 19,
tbat I am' a candidate In the election that Is
to take place in the near future. Where this
statement originated from I do not know,
but what I want to say Is, that If I am to
be a candidate tn this election, it will be as
a standard-bearer of the 8. P. of C. and no
other. Please insert this In the paper, and
It will help to clear up tbe atmosphere.
Trail, B. C, Oct. 22.
Making tbt World Safe for Democracy
Editor B'. C. Federatlonist: "The liberty
of tbe press has been in every country tbe
last liberty whicb subjects bave been able
to wrest from power. Otber liberties are
held under governments, but the liberty of
opinion keeps governments themselves In due
subjection to tbeir duties. Tbls bas produced
the martyrdom of truth in every age, and
tbe world has been only purged from ignorance wltb the Innocent blood of those who
bave enlightened it."
The above noble defence of opinion was
uttered by Lord Erskine in his ever niemor-
.1.1.    Umt..    e—    *.»--       ....
Must Unite te Down Forces of Autocracy.
Editor B. C. Federationist: If ever there
was a time when Labor should be united,
that time kas arrived. Our great enemy today Ib united, after half a century of abara
fighting, for purpose of deceit, the monled
Interests of this country are crowding like
vultures into one camp, but their hope of
success lies In dividing their enemies, the
working class. A letter in last week's
"Fed." seems to Indicate tbat they are already trying their old and hitherto-successful game of dividing Labor against itself.
A general election is drawing near. Where*
-ver it Is possible .for a group of working
men to put up the $200 bonds (which our
rulers demand before they will allow us to
commit the great crime of attempting to
choose the candidate for whom we wish to
vote) a representative of tbe interests of
Labor should be nominated and every elector In the riding notified. The rest Is dead
easy. *
Who can say that this may not be the
last election where Labbr will be allowed
the franchise! Tbe power! that be bave
ventured to Interfere, and successfully, wtth
tbe cornerstone of democracy, tbe right of
all citlsens to vote. Unless the working
class awakes there ts nothing to prevent tbe
moned Interests, any time they see fit, withdrawing the franchise from any class whom
they think will be an obstacle to their
schemes of rule and robbery.
The monied Interests have bought over
all but a few of tbe dallly papers and millions of dollars will be used as a fund to
corrupt and mislead the common people of
this country, but nothing can defeat a united
Working class.
The so-called "great" parties are great
because of the hitherto "great" Ignorance
(political) of the wageworker.
The eruel logic of necessity will eventually
force Labor to unite In self-defence.
Why not now!
Vancouver, Oet, 41.
The Press of Plutocracy
Editor B. 0. Federationist: A few daya
ago a gentleman said to me, ' 'The War news
is becoming a joke, why can't tbe papera
tell the truth or at leaat atlck to the same
Heat" Hy reply was: "Tbey wouldn't if
they could, and tbey couldn't If they would."
Now what determines tbe policy of the
press! Wbat supplies the news and tbe
color of the editorials I Look at the advertising columns. Tbe class who paya the piper
sets the tone. It Is the same in tbe churches,
and tbe same tn the colleges and schools, In
parliaments and olty councils. This Is not
chance; tt Is a law of nature and social development. This law waa first formulated by
Marx and Engele In the Communist manifesto In 1848, and somewhat abridged, It Is as
follows: "In every historical epoch, the prevailing mode of wealth production forms the
basis from which develops the political and
intellectual Institutions of that period."
Today capitalist production prevails, consequently the state, the press, etc., are In
harmony with that mode of production. It Is
well-known tbat the big financial Interests
of Wall street control tne Associated Press,
and the newa In general. If tbe facts of the
war of the proletarian revolution In KuisU,
of the "brilliant retreats" of the Allies, for
Instance, or the bombing of Hud munition
works, populated mainly by women and children, are not In keeping with the dignity
and honor of the Allies, the facts are not
made public, or other news la manufactured
for home or foreign consumption. The public must be supplied with Ideas In harmony
with "the existing economle orier." and
tbls Is why socialist papers and magazines
of Britain, of the "land of the free,1' and
Germany, are suppressed or eensured. Mental, light Is fatal to any system based on
Ignorance and greed.
In today's Province I read, "Petition
from South to Bar B. 0. Federatlonist from
the Mall." The Federatlonist must be congratulated.
Now the economlo interests of exploiters
and exploited of slaves and masters must
clash. Tbe Federatlonist and other Labor
as well as socialist periodicals, voice mnre
or less tho Interests of the subject class, and
not only oppose tho Idea of Prussianizing
Canada and the "land of tho free," but,
from timo to time, expose the whole Infamous system of fraud and brutality on which
modern society rests. -Uonscqtiently, the
legislative, judiciary and executive are now
using their powers to suppress this adverse
propaganda. The fact Is that the hog, capitalism, has polluted the fountain of knowledge at Its source. ,
Horning,  noon  and  night tbe same  dis-
Siting doses of lies, race hatred, blood lust,
Ise patriotism and all that can stimulate
man's most brutal Instincts are served np
by the "poisoned press of plutocracy."
Thousands havs gone Insane through this
war news. The man aad woman wbo derive
their ideas ef tbls war entirely from the
press, la worse tban ignorant; their brains
and hearts are positively poisoned.
Yet the editors and reporters are not to
blame.    Economic forces dominate them also.
They are compelled to do their master's bid-
.   ding, or go down and out.   We pity and may
>' ] despise the common prostitute, but she Is a
able  fight   for" the""iTght   to  r_
Palne's book "The Rights of Man."   It was
publish   Tom
To the Workingman:
<I You know that ill-health impairs
your efficiency. If you are not feeling fit you cannot do your best work. Each
day you lay off means loss of money.
<IBad teeth mean bad health and
loss of time.
. It will pay you to see Dr. Lowe.
He uses only the best materials.
You will get good work done. Dentistry
will never be cheaper, for the war has sent
prices of materials up.
<IDr. LOWE'S work will give you
comfort and satisfaction at a price
you can afford to pay.
Dr. Lowe, Dentist
, Opposite Woodward's Big Store
108 Hastings St. West       (Corner Abbott)       Phone Seymour 5444
uttered ln 1792. Iu 1917, when the world
Is supposed to be lighting for democracy,
one of the very countries which Ib making
the loudest bowl about democracy and liberty hae deprived tbe national secretary,
Isaac Balnbrldge, of his liberty for merely
asserting his right of free publication.
The argument set up by tbe star chambers
of 1917 Is, that unfettered opinion today
may endanger tbe safety of tbe state and
lead to unrest, sedition and revolt. But if
our learned statesmen would but turn to
the pages of history, they would be astonished to find that precisely the opposite Ib
tbe fact. Ho good government need fear the
utterances of truth, much less the utterance
of falsehood, and if our government needs
the support of such reactionary deeds as tbe
suppression of free opinion, it is damning
evidence that they bave not fulfilled their
sacred trust as legislators and administrators,
Tbe establishment of the court of star
chamber was the first restriction of tbe freedom of the press of England. That censorship was continued through the reigns of tbe
Stuarts until tbe revolution of 1688, when it
was abolished by the first parliament of
William of Orange.  *
Did tbat suppression of free opinion lead
to peace and safety! Mesv emphatically Mel
That very period was the most turbulent and
revolutionary In all tbe annals of British history. By suppressing the free utterances of
the people regarding IV •y;ust grievances,
the government was lulled into the delusion
that all was well, but slowly the fires of revolt were stirred up In the hearts of the
peope until the Stuart dynasty was burled to
the ground in dust and confusion.
It has always been tbe belief ttt statesmen
of wide vision tbat to take away tbe liberties
of subjects Is to encourage the licence of
rebels, Rob a people of Us constitutional
rights of criticism of the deeds and misdeeds
of Its governors, and you leave nothing to It
finally but resort tu violence, in tbe name
of democracy, our Canadian government, by
Its censorship of the press, by conscription,
and by the Infamous franchise bill, which it
has railroaded through the bouse, bas pressed
upon the necks of this free people the galling
chains of a more humiliating ignominy than
English-speaking people have ever before suffered. But In Bplte ot i-r.e cheap claptrap
about fighting for democracy, our so-called
democratic countries are already beginning
to shake In their shoes at the rising power
of the giant of democracy. Mr. Hoover, the
United States food controller, the other day
said; "The wide spread of socialist Ideas
during the past three years is one of the
'looming shadows of the war.' " Tbat Is
the correct expression of the attitude of our
governments' to democracy. Let them go on.
Give them plenty of rope and their end will
be sudden. Whilst tbe millions of workers
are being nlangled in tbe devil's dance ln
Europe for territory, colonies and spheres of
influence, Nemesis, the goddess of vengeance,
is looking on with a scowl of Inflexible defiance, and retribution swift and relentless
will, ere long, be meted out to the ambitious
potentates and scheming nceitlclans wbo bave
made the world a shamble.
Italy is seething In revolt, numbers of
civilians have been killed in the streets of
a  future shambles in twenty
appeal   to   you
lead tbem to
Workmen of Canada, I
Crush this infamous thing. When the time
comes, register your votes for one of your
class, who will endeavor to break Once and
forever, the power of autocracy. Let no
stone remain untourned between now and
the election to muster all your power for one
mighty life, and we ahall be free.
October 19, 1917.
From Farm's
Turin, ----according to a recent press dispatch,
not by an enemy, but by tbeir own soldiers.
In tbe name of democracy, we presume. Russia Is torn asunder, and «er people hungering on account of tbe mad and continuous
destruction of food. Eugund is likewise
feeling tbe pinch, and France and Germany
and Austria are In despair. Tens of thousands of homes are yet to be made desolate,
tens of thousands of hearts breaking In an*
gulsb, tens of thousands of useful citlsens
are yet to be turned maimed and broken on
a eruel world, tens of thousands of little
children are yet to be made to call ln vain
for tbe return of him who has been broken
on the wheels of the Juggernut car of mill*
tarlsm, and what say our Christian legislators! Good Ood, we must not talk about It;
we must not consider what we are doing, or
whither we are bound. Blinded by the blood
of many of oar noblest sons, we must stumble on into tbe shambles,
There Is an eleetion approaching. We
have a constitutional means In our power to
end once and for all the Insensate rule of
Cupid's Capers.
Somo doings yesterday down at
Hyack Canyon. It appears that old
skinflint Jim Hursafras married Sal
Jones. It was planned that they pull I
off a quiet wedding, he having got rid '
of five wives. . Jim also boasts of 70
winters' experience, while Sal coyly
admits but 23 summers. What actually
happened was a grand charivari. At
the outset a smnll brother of the bride
hit Sarsafras on the side of the head
with a bag of peas in lieu of rice, and
bunged up his left car; then Jim's
hired man hit him 'square iu front with
an adroitly thrown old boot and knocked- thc wind out of him. When the
pair was nicely seated In Jim's new
phaeton he got struck on the head with
a horseshoe for luck. Then Joe, the
hired man, camo out and blew the din*
ner horn to let everybody far and near
know that the matrimonial knot had
been tied. Somebody grabbed' the
horses by the bridles and held on while
th*fjgang enjoyed a real old-fashioned
charivari. Cy Young yelled, "Treat
the boys, Jim!" "Its boote yer want,"
Jim ejaculated, "but 'tis powder you'll
get.'' As soon aB he said this the boys
started in. The kazoo band played, the
horn was tooted, skillets were rattled
and tin pans went rat-a-tat-tat, while
the gang howled liko wolves. Finally
the old codger came through with a
"ten-spot." Then the driver fell off
Ms seat and the horses run away. Sarsafras had to drive the rest of the way
to the station, arriving there just in
time to see the train pull out. While
they werq^waiting for the next one old
Deacon Ryan kissed the bride, thinking
she was hiB daughter. Sarsafras tried
I'to thrash Ryan for so doing. It seemed, however, that Ryan had been a
prize-fighter in his younger days, and
when they got through Sal telephoned
for the doctor to fix up her darling Jim, I
while she returned home weeping to her
Boys' Shoes
Strong, leather Footwear for
the sturdy, lusty young chaps.
Shoes with a certain style to
them that makes a lad feel real
proud of himself.
We haven't overloked a thing
in our Boys' Department.
Opp. Book of Commerce
autocrats, and' place representatives. of the
_  onle to guide our destinies.
Women, wives and mothers of Canada, I
J. Parliament
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
(Brunswick-Balks CelleaderOo.)
42 Hastings St., East
The Telephone Directory ia tbe
standard book of reference because
Its Information is alwaya up-to-date
and reliable. In eaeh Issue ol the
directory over 7,000 corrections are
made; or over 21,000 tn one year.
The classified section contains every
business firm In Greater Vaneonver.
Being the standard book of refer*
enee, no other publication presents
such advantages to the advertiser.
With a circulation always In the
home and In every ofike, there is
no better advertising medium.   ,
BOOTS   AND   SHOES    made    to
measure at ordinary prices.   Only best
leather used.  Family work a specialty.
Boots and Shoes also repaired.
Lrtor Tempi, Prose    Bar. MM
Opposite lsbor Temple
—HMdQU.rt.ri for Ltbor Ilea—
Retei—76c sad $1.00 per day.
•3.60 per week snd ap.
Hate tt Busuuttt lam '
. Of America
Aft for IMS Labol when parabasal Baar,
Aio or Portor, as a laaraatae tbat II la Daton
.. Tbls Is air Labal
Tke Jwrii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Stmt
Equality Before the Law
Tbo law, in Its majestic equality, forbids tbe .rich as well aB the poor to
sleep under bridges, to beg in tbe
streets and to steal broad.—Anatole
appeal to you; many ot job wbo have already paMed through the valley of the .ha* «... .
dow of death, I appeal to you in tho name         "Among the few English words
°' ""...'.f'^*"1 h!ld *""■ ln ,"", n,.m" !' that contain tho vowels in the reverse
T&lmefl&VtttmTa order are uncotaplimentary and unno*
■yatom of inllitarlim whicb will  inevitably ticeably."
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
3, PHIUUPI * 00,. Agents
____\ U___ lain Hamitton
COAL mining right* of ths Dominion, lo
Manitoba, Saskatchewan ud Alberta, tht
Yukon Territory, tht North-'Weit Territories
tnd ia t portion of tht Provlnee of British
Colombia, may be leued for • term of
twenty-one yesrs renewal for a further term
of 21 yean tt » annul rental of tl an
aere. Hot more than 8,600 acrea will be
leased to ont applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
tht applicant ln person to the Agent or Sub*
Agent of the district ln which the righti applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land muit be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and in nnsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application mast be accompanied by
a fee of 15 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five oents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tbe Agent with sworn, returns accounting
for -the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay tht royalty theretn II the
ooal mining rights are net being operated,
snch returns ahoaU bt famished at least
s a year.
_*he lease will butada the Mil mining
rlghta only, retaladed hy Chap. 87 tf -I
ads to tko SooroMrr aTSe Oapartaoat af
tta Interior, OttaSvt, or U aay If oat ar Sat*
Afeot af Doalaiei Laado.
Deaaly Milliter af latorior.
N.   B.—Uaentherliod patlloatioa of this
advertisement win not ba paid for.—S8676.
Refined Service
One Bloek watt of Court Homo.
Um of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlor, free to all
Telephone Sermonr MS!
Phono Sermonr 7109
Third  Floor,   World  Building
—Tho onlr Union Shop in Vaneonver—
VANCOUVERB.C FBIDAY... - October 26, 1917
To the Public
An Explanation
Amusement Tax
flWo, the Moving Picture Exhibitors of British Columbia,
feel, in fairness to ourselves and to tho patrons of the
moving pieture theatres, that the publie should have the
facts regarding the Provincial Oovernment tax which is
at present in force ih this Province.
•JThe recent inerease in admission prices or the moving
picture theatres in Vancouver was not brought about by
the introduction of the tax, but was a result of inoreased
eost of operation, such as higher-priced Alms and higher
wages to employees,
_ We have decided to test the validity of this tax law in the
courts and, in the meantime, are temporarily paying the
tax out of our own pockets.
•Jin case of the largest theatre- in this city, the tax runs to
approximately one thousand dollars per month and this
represents a loss after absorbing the profits.
■Qln the event of this law being sustained in thc courts the
tax will be added to the present admission prices and
the publio will have to pay it.
_ As only a portion of the population of any town or city
attends the moving picture theatres, it means that the
total revenue derived from this tax will be paid by these
people, leaving a large section of people who are equally
taxable, free from the tax.
_ We will furnish further information later.
Moving Picture Exhibitors'
Association of B.C.
—is winning popular favor these days.
—Tou can't possibly miss your site here.
We've got the STYLE you want—the
SHADE you like best.
Priced at $3.00 to $6.00
A choice range of caps,  |1.00 to $2.50
Richardson & Potts Ltd
Near Corner Hastings Street East
TAKE NOTICE that The North Shore Beal
Estate Company,  Limited,  Intends  to apply
'io the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies,
■one month aftor date, to approve its change
•of name to Fatton k Company, Limited,
Vancouver, B. C, September 26th, 1117.
Solicitors for the Company.
Should be in the home of
every man-
is it in tours?
—Pbone Fsirmont 2624—
Tbis Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAOLEY A SONS, 161 Hastings Street Seymour 816
HI.OCHBERGER, P. R . 610 Broadway Ea»t Fairmont 308
BRAND, W., 629 Ponder Street Weit Soymour 2678
B. O. PRINTINO A I.1THO. CO., Smythe end Homer Seymour 8238
CLARKE A STUART, 820 Seymour Street - Seymour 3
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Lsbor Tomple Bulldlnf. Seymour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487 Dunemulr Stroet Seymour 1106
EVANS A HASTINOS, Arte end Crefti Bid,., Seymour Street Seymour 6660
JEPPERY, W. A., 2166 Porker Street Hl,tlend 1137
KERSHAW, J. A., 630 Howe Streot Beymour 8674
I.ATTA, R. P., 883 Oore Avenue   „ „ Seymour 1030
MAIN PRINTINO CO., SSS1 Meln Street ^....Fairmont  1088
McLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Voneonver. N.   Ven.  69
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Veneourer. ...N. Von. «0
PACIPIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlnf Seymour 0602
ROEDDE. 0. A., 616 Homer Street „ „ Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO., 817 Cambie Street 8eymour 6800
SUN JOB PRESSES, 117 Ponder Street Soymour 41
THE TRIBUNE, Homer Street Seymour 470
TECHNICAL PRESS, 600 Bestty Street Se/tnour B825
TIMMS, A. H., 280 Fourteenth Avenue Eaet Fairmont 821R
WARD, ELLWOOD A POUND. >18 Homer Street  Seymour 1616
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunamulr Stroot Beymour 8626
WHITE A BINDON, 628 Pender Street Weit „ Seymour 1214
Writs "Union Labol" on Your Oopy when Tou Send It to ths Mater
SHOP AT    .
' Bacon, slieed, por A SOe
Ayrshire Buon SOe asd SBo
Slater', Tea, It  SOe
Slater's Coffee, IB.  26c
Apex Jam, 41b. tin, .. . 45c
Tomatoes, large eans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk , 10c
Jello, 3 for 26c
McDonald's Pork and Bean, 10c
DoU-fory te AU Parts
1S1 Button Sb Bllt   SV. 3282
830 OtUTilte It.     Bey. 866
3211 Main Stmt.    Pair. 1683
Do yon like to travel in a "Rickety" Jitney?
Ton certainly do not. Ana neither does
baby, with his frail little bones and soft
tender body, like travelling dully in an nn*
aafe baby ear. Baby needs the very best
car you oan buy for him—a safe, clean and
sanitary ear that will ran easily and give
comfort and rest—a car that Is new and free
[rom germs—a car that will be beneficial to
him—not a danger. '
The can we aell are all safe, reliable can
that we fully guarantee for durability and
workmanship,   These are onr English style
can made in enr own factory
by Vanconver people—carts jMQ vc
that sell from „..,„ .?la./0
b We   have  folding   go-carts   and   sulkies, -
llso at  reasonable prices.    Write for our
Illustrated catalogue.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(0). 8. SHAW A 00.)
«0« BOBSON   —   Opp. Court Hon*
Begun ih the Tramway Shop
It Soon Spread to All
Parts of Land
Tremendous Effort to Beat
the Capitalists With
Empty Hands
S SYDNEY, N. S. W., Sept. 24.—
(Special to Tho Federatlonist.)—Oa
August 1, a strike, broke out in tho railway and tramway workshops of Now
South Wales (situated at the stato capital city—Sydney), and at the time of
writing, it has practically extended
right throughout Australia, The cause
of the atrike was the introduction of
the Taylor card system in the workshops, along with the Brown card system, and the motion study system. From
the very first intimation that it was to
be introduced, the New South Wales
government was given to understand
that the men-would on no account stand
for it, yet notwithstanding all warning,
it was determined to put the card systems into operation. The result was
that on August 1 last, every union concerned in the railway and tramway em*
ploy walked off the premises. Not only
did the skilled trades directly affected
by the card systems strike, but the
other unions—railroad and tramway
unionB, locomotive drivers, firemen, and
all labor in tho railways and tramways
"Ceased work in sympathy. It' was not
long beforo other unions outside the
railway and tramway service began to
strike in sympathy. Wharf laborers,
seamen, coal minors, all land transport
unions, and in fact almost every organization of labor was at a standstill with*
in a weok;
"Win ttw War?"
Had it been that a sympathetic
government was in power, the whole
striko would have been ovor within a
few days at most. But at the present
time a conservative "win-the-war"
government is in power, and because of
the fact that it does not represent the
working classes, it has taken up a pigheaded and obstinate attitude, and has
attempted to break the Btrike by the introduction of strikebreakers. Strike
breaking agencieu have been opened,
and men gathered in much like the
"Pinkerton" Bystem in the United
States, but at the time of writing, the
strikebreakers might just as well have
remained at home for all tho good they
are doing towards breaking the strike,
Grievances Everywhere
After the strike had been in force
for a week in Now South Wales, it
began to extend to other states. Unions
camo out one after another, till today
the whole of Australia is ln a state of
chaos. < Added to the situation waB the
fact that tho workers in othor Austra-
lian states had grievances of their own,
In Victoria, the men had many unions
already out owing to the union's decision not to handle nny more foodstuffs
for export while the prosont high prices
prevailed. In Queensland, there waa a
railwny strike on hand bccauBo tho
govornment would not mnke an award
reBtrospectivo from several months
back, while on the Australian Transcontinental railroad there was a novel kind
of Btrike in progress. Here it appears,
the men had a short striko of three
days, and it seems to have been settled
up alright, but when the men wont back
to work they demandod as one of the
concessions of the strike, that they
would not lose tho threo days' pay for
which they had been on strike. This
the government refused to pay, with
the result that all tho men downed tools
and came out on strike again. So, 4s
will be seen, all the Australian states
were laboring undor difficulties of their
own, when the great Btrike broke out in
New South Wales. Thus, the New
South Wales strike was the signal for a
continent-wide general strike.
Frenzied Finance
By caref.il management the strike
committees have managed to keep the
food unions at work, this ensuing them
food suppliios. Organization all through
Australia ure at work collecting money
to keep thc wives and children of the
men out on strike from starving. Many
of the very large unions were kept at
work or sent back to work, since they
did not affect the general situation,
with the one idea of getting funds and
keeping the men directly concerned out
till their grievances' were settled. One
of the unions thus kept at work is capable of collecting something like $250,-
000 per wdbk^ another $50,000, and
several can easily collect the latter
amounts, with numbers/collecting lesser
amounts. This money goes into a large
central fund where committees sitting
deal with any distress that might appear. For this purpose, census returns
are used, giving the minutest particulars as regards numbers in families,
names of supplies of foodstuffs. These
are investigated, and in most cases
where money is not given, orders are
issued to the provision shopa to keep
them going in foodstuff a. One good
feature of the strike is the boycotting
of all hotels—this saving the men spending their money in drink and likewise
giving them a good bearing in the com*
munity. The stand of the men in this
direction—-they have the hotels pieket<
ed, as well—has won for them tremendous sympathy from the general public, who aro contributing largely to tbe
Btrike funds. The men on strike in the
country are better ablo to get along
than those in the cities, for the simple
reason that they oan live on foodstuffs
they grow and game they catch 6a the
flains, and in the country districts.
a one centre of Australia — Broken
Hill, which is intensely organized—the
strikers have it practically in their
own hands. AU the workers are in the
unions there to a man, and they have
formed vigilance committees of their
-own police, food suppliers, and so on.
They are making the house owners give
the tenants on strike signed receipts
every week as if the rents of the houses
had been paid in the ordinary way,
while shops have been given to understand that they will not be allowed to
cease keeping the people in foods.
Visions of the End
- At the time of writing it is apparent
that' the end must soon come. It iB
hard to say whether the men or the
New South Wales government will be
the first to give in. On the side of
the strikers there aro very many in
want at the present time, despite all
attempts at alleviation of suffering,
while on the side of the government
all industry is stagnated, the business
and commercial people and the general
public are against! the government, and
it ia interfering with the vory life of
the state by refusing to come to a settlement.
During the laat couple of weeks
(early September) several atempts have
been made to settle the dispute. Several of the churches made an attempt
to get a settlement, then tbe lord mayor
of Sydney came into the breach—to
bo .followed by the director of recruiting—but all to no purpose. After the
ond of the first week in September—
the fifth week of the strike—the industrial commissioner of the state came
on the scene and he very nearly affected a settlement, and actually got
tho men to go in' and report for work,
but at the last moment the government put a new joke over the men by
requesting them to sign notices which
showed clearly that they wero losing
all rights by going on strike. This the
mon refused to do and walked out
again on strike.
By Compromise?
The position now is that the strike
committee have shortened the line—to
uso a military term—nnd have now
out only the unions that are necessary
to win tho fight, and have persuaded
many to go back that could serve no
useful purpose in being out. The great
difficulty haa been, however, to keep
the unions in. They have all been
smarting under injustices since the
election of the present anti-labor government, and it only wanted the last
straw to bring them out. It is not a
case of the leaders leading the men in
this present general strike, but of the
men coming out and dragging the leaders with them. Anyhow, the whole
business proves the futility of arbitration.
Roughly, it ia estimated that there
are fully 200,000 men out on strike,
while the' Iobb in wages, business, and
other losses must be'oyer $5,000,000
weekly. It is easily the biggest strike
Australia has ever Been.
At the time of writing, the strike is
being settled by a compromise between the men on strike and the gov
"The politics that I adore are Progress, Peace and Plenty, I would rather
help make one man than be the death
of twenty."—Burns.
If you stand up for yourself others
can't sit down on yoti.
Some Comment Called Forth By
Events of the Passing Show
================ [By.J. B.] 	
Some of the Facts, Fallacies and Falsehoods of These
Glorious Days As Seen Through Woman's Eyes
Thero are other employers besides
the flfteen-cont stores who do not givo
thoir employees a living wage.
Professional men, doetora nnd dentists only pay the girls in their offices
$20 a month.
One doctor, besides tho monthly $20,
offered ton per cent, commission on nny
of his bad debts that tho girl might
be lucky enough to collect. These men
all ask tho same question as  tho de-
Eartment stores, viz.: "Do you live at
ome I" Which just means that the
girl's father, a working man, must, by
boarding his daughter, pay half the
wagea of the professional man's office
What becomes of tho girl who is refused tho position becauso she does not
live at home it never occurs to the employers to ask. The girls to whom I
refor ore not actually trainod nurses.
It seems that only some of the doctors
employ trained nurses.
Those girls havo probably had somo
hospital training, and they are generally expected to wear a uniform. Thoy
must have personality and good handwriting, and a knowledge of office
work, besides other things. A dontist
in Denver considered a knowledge of
German and Spanish essential.
Some times there aro two doctors
sharing tho samo waiting-room and paying the girl between them. In1 onc case
thoro woro three doctors, but that girl
was specially fortunate. Sho received
the munificent salary of $25 a month.
The extraordinary thing Ib that for one
such vacnny thero wero sixty applicants. How can a professional man,
taking in the monoy that doctors and
dentists make, have the nerve to offer a
girl $20 a month, especially when by so,
doing thoy actually becomo tho rocip
ienta of charity from the girl and her
father of the exact amount of the withhold wagesf Even if Uero wero bo
many women out of work, is that any
reason why a professional man should
exploit the girl he employs,. He has
chosen tbe most refined, most intelligent and best educated out of sixty, or
oven somo times a hundred. How can
nny girl board for $20 these war times!
It cannot be done, and if it could
where is the money for carfare and
laundry, including uniforms f And how
ts the girl to get clothesf If a man
cannot afford to pay a living wage to
his office assistant the only honest way
would be to do without help till he
can afford it. And why is it that there
are so many women out of work when
we were told that women would be
needed to tako the places of men gono
to tho warf The reason is that girls
who do not neod to work have como
into the labor market and are taking
tho bread out of tho mouths of the
working girls and calling it patriotism.
It is said this is tho case with regard
fo tho banks. Dr. Shaw, writing in tho
Ladies' Homo Journal for November,
says to these would-be patriotic women:
"If you have other means of support
do not take war work for wages unless
you are sure you are not depriving somo
other woman."
Those girls in tho doctors' and dentists' officea belong to no anion. They
cannot go on strike when there are so
many others waiting to take their
places. Until tho government enforces
a minimum living wage the only thing
to do is to shame those employers who
are guilty of such exploitation. They
ought to be ashamed.
Allied Printing Tradei Council—B. H. Neelands, Box 60.
Barbers—fl. H. Grant, 1301 Seventh avenne
Bartenden—W. H. Smith. Box 434.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill.
B. 0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
. fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraier, 1151 Howe itnot.
Boot and Shoo Workert—Tom Cory, 182
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workera—A B. Ashcroft, Bait* 1,
1788 Fonrth avenue vest.
Brlcklayen—William s. DatnalL Labor
Brotherhood of Carpenten Dlitrlet Council—
O. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineer!—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood atnet. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1285 Horaby
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 280 Clark drive.
Bntcben and Heat Cutten—Alex. Morrison,
82 Eleventh avenue weat.
Cigarmakera—R. Craig, oan Van Loo Cigar
Faotory, Georgia atnet.
City Finmya'a Union—flyd. Jackson, No. 1
Fin Hall, Seymoar itreet.
Civic Employow—$, Harrison, 1885 Woodland drlvt,
Civio Employees, North Vaneonver—G. T.
Jenkin, 168 Sixth atnet weat, North Vancouver.
^S*1' ^SLU7* _*•£,"•■?•-*• MsKtosU,
Bora 208, Labor Temple.
^P ■»-IWmiwi,i Uaion—RuaeU Kear
loy, 487 Gore avenue.
^SSSW Jt*!mmF7Z' *' **-*«, Room
JOT, Laber Tomplo.
t-ZZJtem3Bam+*- *■
Granite Cutten—Edward Hurry,    Columbia
Garment Worken—Ada Hawkswortk, Ubor
ted Can
Hod Carriers and Bnlldlag Labonn—Labor
Lathers—Thos. Anderson, 481 Seventh avanua east,
Letter Carrion—Robt. Wight,    177 Seventeenth avenue wait.
Longahonnen—J. Chapman,    804   Bander
itnet wait.
Longshoremen'i  Auxiliary,    No.  81-52—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe stnet.
Machinists—i. Brooks,   Room 211,   Labor
Templt. ,
Machinists, No. 777—W, Stnet,    12 Fraser
blook, North Vancouver.
Machinists,   No.   720   (Gangsmen)—H.  H.
Trail, 746 Gilford stnet.
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Boom 806, Labor
Molders—G. F. Nichols,    121 Sixth avenue
Moving  Picture  Operators—A.  0,  Hanien,
P. 0. Box 845.
Order of   Railroad Condactora—G.   Hatch,
761 Beatty atnot.
Painters—'X Lemon,     Room 808,     Lsbor
Plumbers—J.  Hays,   Room  206 _,    Labor
Temple,    Phone Sey. 8011.
Pile  Driven  and  Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironiides,    P.O. Box 1820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman,  1167 Georgia St.
Press Assistants-
Plasterers—Geo. Bush, 2270 Fourteenth avenue west.   Phone Bay. 321QL.
Pattern Maken (Vancouver)—E. Weitmore*
land, 8247 Point Ony road.
Bailway Mail Clerks.
Retail Clerki' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melville itnet.
Seamen's Union—W. S. Burni,    P.O. Box
Structural   Iron   Worken—Roy   Maneear,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Stonecutten—Alex. Duff, Box 1047.
Sheet Metal Workers-
Shipwrights and Caulkers—Room 212, Labor
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W, Hardy,   446
Twenty-third   atnet   west,    North   Vanoouver,
Steam Shovel and Drodgemen—Chu. Fene,
95 Powell atnet.
Street Railway Employeea—A. V.  Lofting,
2661 Trinity atreet.
Sterootypew—W. Bayley, c|o Daily Provinoe.
Telegnphen—E. B, Peppln.
Tallow—H. Nordland, Box 508.
Teamsten   and   Chauffeurs,    No,    665—B.
Showier, 1070 Robson atnet.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—-Geo. W. Allln,
P.O. Box 711.
Tilelayen  and Helpen—A. Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenne east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R, Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple. **■
Typographical Union—H. Neelands, Bov 66.
Ken's Hatters and Outfitters
\ _____
630 Oranrille Mrsst
619 Haitian Strsst West
Hemstltohiof, button, cowed, aeellop*
pior, button holes, ninktnf, apoaflnff sod
shrlttktnf, lettering, ploot eating, pleot-
inf. ruohtng, embroidery, bemmlog.
693 Orenfllle St lilt •suits St.
Pkene Ser. 3191 Itate 1160
Ii the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert, says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the faot that it is a oomplete food."
When joa drink a glass of
milk, costing 2%e, yoa fortify
yonr body with ns muoh energy
and nutriment as yon would obtain from a ean of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend Leaa.
Men Who Bay Separate Trousers Should Know Abort
Thb Stock—the Best in Tom
We have by far the largest itock to be found anywhere in the city.
We can give you half a donen patterns at any priee from *2.25 to $7.50,
and from Irst to last they are good, sound, substantially made, and carefully finished trousers that will add to this store's prestige with any marl
who chances to wear thena. y
STARTING AT $2_8—A trouser that cannot be bought at wholesale today for the money. . In light and dark mixed grey tweeds.
AT 12.60—Neat grey stripes and mixed tweeds in greys and browns.
AT 12.76—Nine different patterns, Including plain grey tweeds, mixed
tweeds and stripe.
AT 13.00, ISA) and M.0O-—Dozens of patterns in) neat plain greys and
browns, amall checks, stripes and mixtures. '
AT 14.60—Worsted trousers in greys,
AT 16.00,16.60, W.0O and 16.60—A splendid range of better grate trousers In many of which a man might be conscious of being well dressed
though he took them for "best."' —Main Store, Main Floor
Work Shirts Assembled to Neet All Reprenents
There la no atore in the city that haa made the preparations we have to
meet all requirement* in the way of work shirts.   Pay the price yon are
able to pay—choose the shirts that beat It your business—get the beat
value pouible for your money—at Spencer's.
Ue—Sturdy well-taade Shirts for workingmen, made ot heavy double
warp chambray, also dark stripes in bine and grey.
11.00—Another flne range'which includea khaki drills, black and white
drill and heavy jean ,also plain grey flannelettes; all of theae are old
valnea and are equal to shirts that wholesale people are offering to sell
for $1.80.
$1JUJ—Another line collection which includea bine chambrays, Peabody'a
■ "Railroad King," Peabody's double warp blue-grey chambray, heavy
black and white stripe and khaki drills j all union-made Shirts and big
values.   We will have to aell thla quality at 11.60 next year.
11.76—An unusually In* range in blue-grey denim of splendid wearing
quality, with reversible collar. >
11.96—Plain grey flannel Shirr of medium weight.
12.00—Two union-made Shirts in light and dark greys, made from excellent quality materials and unusually well ent and flnished.
(1.75—A logger's or sportsman's Shirt, in heavy quality tweed in grey,
brown and navy.
We also carry a full range of liner All-wool Shirts for loggers, mining
men, sportsnien, etc, at pricei dp to 16.00.
flrst And third Thursdays* Executive
board: Preildent, Jas. R, McVety; vice*
preildent , J. Hobble; finer*] secretary,
Victor R. Midgley; treasurer, Pred Knowles;
sergeant-at-arms, Oeo. Harrison; trustees,
J. H. MoVety, 0. J. Kelly, A. McDonald,
A. J. Crawford.
MeeU leeond Monday in the month. Preildent, Oeo, Bartley;  secretary, R, H.  Nen*
lands, P.O. Boi «.    '_
flnt Sunday of each month, Labor Tempi*.
President, John Martin: flnanclal seoretary,
J. Smith, fllO Holden Bldf., Box 434, Phone
Sey. _672; reeordlng seeretary, Wm. Hottl-
•haw, P.O. Bos 424, Vaneonver, B. 0.
tional Union of America, Local No. ISO-
Meets second and fonrth Tueidays in th*
month. Room 208, Labor Temple. 'President,
L. E. Herrltt; secreUry, 8. H. Orant, 16T1
Alberni street.
Meets seeond and fourth Wednesdays, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, Chas. P, Smith;
corresponding sscretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanclal secretary, W. J. Pipes.
No. 81T—Meets every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m.t Labor Tempi*.
President, R. W. Hatley; flnanclal secretary,
0, Thom; recording aeeretary, O. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple. Puna.Sey. 7495.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays of eaeh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent, P. Oraham; seers*
tary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suit* 1, 1788 Fourth
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Second streetj secretary-treasurer,
Angus Praser, 1161 Howe street; buslneas
agent, J, H. Carmiehael, Roomi 212, tabor
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D. Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W.
A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7486.
Paeiflo—Meets every Tuesday, 7 p.m., at
487 Oor* avenue.   Russell Kearley, business
—Meeta In Room 208, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Presldsnt, D. W.
MeDougall, 1163 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdoch, Laber Temple;
flnanclal secretary and business ngent, E. H.
Morriion, Room 307 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Offloe and hall, 804
Pender atreet east. Meets every Thuraday,
8 p.m. Beoretery-treesnrer, P. t'hspmsn;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
(Marine Warehousemen and . Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 486 Howe Btreet,
MeeU flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and huslnssi agent, E. winch.
and fonrth Thnndaya at 8 p.m. President,
Wm. Small; recording seeretary, J. Brooks;
flnanolal iecretary, J. H. MeVety, Keen 311
Lsbor Temple.   Seymonr 7496.
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A, T. S. E.
k M. P. M. 0.—Meets flnt Sunder of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Bam Haigh;
flnanclal snd corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P.O. Box 846.
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets seeond and fonrth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Orant street; financial ssc
retary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables atreet;
recording iceretary. K. Westmoreland, 3347
Point Grey road.    Phone Bayview _____
la sdbosI convention la January. Beam-
tin o«o.n, 1117-11: Pr.ild.nt, J. Mnbr,
Box 416, CunbtrUnd: Tic.-pnii-l.nu—vaa-
eomr: Ju. H. HoVelf, V. B. UUe_r,
Labor Tempi*. Vlotorli: J. Tarter, Bon
1S16. Tan«»ar bland: W. Htai, goatk
Wellington. Princo Rupert: W. E. Taoap-
soa. Boi C9«. How WntmloaUr: W. Tates,
006 London stroot. Kootenay Dlatrlct: A.
Ooodwln, Boi 36, Trail. Orowa Most Tailor: W. B. Phillip., 176 HcPheraoa anano.
Bocrotarr-treainrer: A. 8. Wells, Box Ull,
Victoria, B. 0.
TIOT01IA. a. 0.
Conncil—Hoots Int and third Wedaao-
dare, Labor Hall, 1494 Oovernment stnet,
at 8 p.m. Pnaldent. E. Christopher, Box
167: ileo-proaMent, Christian Slrerta, 1171
Desman atnet; soontary, B. Simmono, Box
aoa. Victoria, B. 0.	
of America, Local 784, Mew Westminster.
Meeti seeoad Sunder ol each month nt 1:80
p.m.   Beontarr, F. W. Jameson, Box 4*6.
puma wmi, b, p.
Council—Moeta aeooad and fonrth Theodore of eaeh month, in Carpenten' hall.
Pnaldent, 8. D. Maedonald; eecretarr, J. J.
Anderson, Box 378, Prince Rnpert, B. C.
LOCAL ONION, MO. 873, U. M. W. of A.-
Meeta second and fourth Sunder, of each
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards HaU. Preeldent, Walter Head; Tieo-pneldent, A. West*
ler; recording eeoretarr, Jas. Bateman:
flnanclal toenurr, W. Maedonald; treaaurer, J. H. Richardson. .
WAIL. B. 0.
Joiner., Local No. 385—Meeta In Mlnen'
Hall, ever? Wedneedaf,  7:80 p.m.    Pnaldent,   ;   eecretarr;    Jamea  Oraham,
Box a., Trail, B. 0.
tnry Union KM Wio VWti
tba Lator Tempi*
Sbrald pattonlte tb*
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 B wtli-n ItrMt WMt
No. 188—Meets second and fonrth Thurs-
days of each month. Room 80S, l<aber
Temple. President, H. Pink; vlee-prealdaat,
D. Haghes; finanoial secretary, 0. H. Weston; recording seeretary, D. Lemon, Room
808,  Labor Temple.	
MeeU In Labor Temple overy first and
third Tuesdays, 8:16 p.m. President, Okas.
D, Brace, 1083 HeLean drive; secreUry.
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1073 Melville
street.    Phone Sey. fiBiflR.
—Meets seeond and fourth -Friday* of reek
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Preildent, 0.
Noams; recording secretary: W. Hardy, 446
Twenty-third atreet west, north Vancouver;
financial iecretary,  8. Phelps.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble; vice-
president, K. 8. Cleveland; recording socretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Prod. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, ofllce corner  Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m- President, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W, \V. Hocken,
ilox 603; flnanclal secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 603.
feura' Union, Local No. 6B6—Meets every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, J, H-
MeVety; buslnens agent, J. P. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avonue east. Phone Pair. 715R;
financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson atreet, Phono Hey, 6679. Ofllce, Room
2____ Labor Temple.	
Meets  last   Sunday  of  each  month  at  3
p.m.. President, W. H. Armstrong; vice-
resident, R. 0. Marshall; secretary treasurer,
t. H. Noelaads, P.O. Box <6.
DeUrered to and f torn All Trains,
Boata,   Hotels  and
Piano Moving
In Padded Vans br Expert*
' —Pbone Ua Day or Night—
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sey. 404, 40S.   UNION STATION
Jingle Pot Com
Greatest for Heat—Lasts Longer
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
FBIDAT. .October S6, HIT
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
High-grade Dental services at
prices you can afford to pay
Seymour 3314
Evenings by
Outpoisoning the Poisoners
 By E. T. BRONSDON, in Popular Mechanics	
During the German assault upon Ar*
toentieres recently, a strange and
ghastly phenomenon was witnessed.
Many of the shells which fell in the
town were seemingly of very fragile
construction. They scarcely dented the
ground where they burst. They injured
very few people with flying particles.
They did not contain either cyanogen
gaa or chlorine. There waa a slight incenselike odor, but this wae attributed
to a peculiar and impotent powder the
Huns were supposed to have been
forced into using. There seemed to be
no reason for toe shells.
Six hours later the ghastly truth be*
gan to make itself known. Soldiers,
male citizens, women and children began to collapse by the score. Many
fell in convulsions. Some went stark,
raying mad. The whole community was
poisoned—poisoned by some new and
terrible agent that even tho German
archfiends had not dreamed of' using
For nearly a week the terrible gas
did its work, although the shell attacks
ceased abruptly on the first day. Four
thousand individuals died in agony
greater than even the feared chlorine
ever had caused.
The agent employed, was arsine
known in the laboratory as arseniureted
hydrogen, one of the deadliest of all
fumes known to the chemist—beside
which hydrogen cyanide and carbon
monoxide may be trifled with in com-*'
parative safety, ■
This fume fury can be made quickly,
easily and in immense quantities, mere*
ly by treating any arsenical ore with
hydrochloric acid. Made for demonstration purpoaes, where the pure gas
ii desired, the method is to mix arsenic
Advocates Strict Economy
in Order to Purchase
Liberty Bonds
Sweater Coats
and Underwear
By placing our orders mil in
advance of today's Ugh prices,
we are in a position to give yon
exceptional values, in many cases
below today's wholesale price.
Tou mast see the garments to
fully appreciate their value:
Pull-over Sweaters, with roll
necks; in grey and blue only.
Special price 13.00
Sweater Coats, heavy wool;    in
fawn, khaki, grey, blue, maroon
and white.   Price range,
H, tt—, 16.60, $8.00 and $9.60
Hen's Underwear, in great variety of makes and weights. Prices
range: Shirts and Drawers, each,
80c, 76c,  tbo, |1, 11.26,  |1,50,
12 to 14.60
Combinations frota  II to $6
Our stores are headquartera
for workingmen's Shirts, Gloves,
Two Billable Stem for lien
J. N. H?rvey, Ltd.
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign
121-127 HABTHraS ST. WEST
Alw 614-616 Yates St., Vlctorit
with zinc shavings, and to pour over
the receptacle hydrochloric acid. The
chlorine combines with the zinc, a little
water is released, and a large quantity
of the arsine is formed.
The allies will feel a natural reluctance to use thie weapon, just as they
felt a natural reluctance to adopt the
Germans' chlorine, sulphur dioxide and
"Flammenwerfer" attacks. These fall
outside the pale of civilized warfare, in
the same class with well-poisoning. No
nation should adopt such tactics, but
this war has crossed the boundaries of
all civilized precept. The allies' only
chance is to match the "Schreckllch*
keit" of the Hun with still greater
awfuInesB. If this can be accomplished
with the Germans' own weapons, so
much the better.
Tho arsine bomb is the most deadly
weapon the world has developed.
Thrown from an aeroplane, or projected from a high-calibre howitzer or
rile, the gas spreads slowly upon striking. The gas is invisible, and so heavy
that no wind short of a hurricane can
dispel it sufficiently to make it harmless. It is known aa a "creeper"—that
is, it follows the hollows of the ground,
and progresses by inches. For this roason its presence is apt to be unsuspected, and it may take a week to complete its doadly work.
One whiff—and it does not have to
be a lungfull, by any meanB—is certain death. There is no remedy or antidote known to medical or chemica;
science. The effects are in some re*
spects much the same ae ordinary arsenic poisoning—the suffering which
ensues upon accidental eating of rat
poison is an example of this—but in
addition, tho gaa attacks the big nerve
centres in a totally different manner,
causing aberration and convulsion, and
death in a half hour or so, after the
flrat symptoms are notioed.
The Germans made another vital mis*
take in revealing this terrible weapon,
the arsine bomb, to the allies, for these
nations most assuredly never would
bave thought of using it otherwise.
The mistake lies in the faot that while
the Germans foisted this ghastly reality upon modern warfare, they have
not, the arsenic to pursue the course
they have eleoted. They can employ
this agent very seldom, making a hideous threat now and then, but not
carrying it into a campaign such ub
they have done with the Flammenwerfer, or liquid lire.
The allies, on the other hand, have
supplies of arsenic ore which are unlimited, so far as the possible needs of
this conflict are concerned. They could
manufacture in one year more than
enough arsine bombs to kill every man,
woman and child in the whole of Germany and Austria-Hungary. An airplane can carry a sufficient number of
glass-bottle bombs, Med with arsine
under pressure, to make uninhabitable
a town of 500 inhabitants. This all in
one trip. This is Bald advisedly; the
inhabitants cannot protect themselves
by masks or other devices, as when
lighting other fume enemies, such as
chlorine and sulphur dioxide, for there
is no known substance whloh will absorb arsine as lime absorbs chlorine.
With the "edge" whieh the coming
air fleet of the United States will give
to the allies, the arsine bombing of Es-
sen-on-Buhr, Potsdam, Zeebrugge, Wil*
helmshaven, and other strongholds of
Germany, should be an eaay matter.
It ia claimed that the British government buys the cheese output of Canada
for 21%cents per pound, f.o.b. -astern
Canadian ports and sells it to English
dealers with the restriction that it cannot be retailed for more than 33 cents
per pound. God save our proflt. It is
all there is to live for. Glory be. Hurrah for government price-fixing.
Fall Models
—now showing, are smart and pleasing in style and
Your inspection and kindly criticism always welcome, whether purchasing or not	
Quality Clothes
Made for Men Who Know and Care
Sold Only By
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 GRANVILLE ST. Also Burberry Coats
Heroine of Pocantico Hills
Also Contributes to
the Sacrifice
John D. Bockefeller, Jr., is » great
patriot, and loves his country with a
devotion tbat will in all probability
arouse the envy and jealousy of other
patriots, whose unlimited bank accounts
make it possible for them to poso in
the limelight, Bays the Trinidad, Col.,
Freo Press. There is not thc shadow of
a doubt connected witb John's patriotism, for he has admitted tbat he is a
patriot with the usual modesty so becoming to all multi-millionaires. John
made a speech at a "community garden
party" at Pocantico Hills, and the
sentiments expressed by John have removed the last lingering doubt as to
whero he stands in the great battle for
the triumph of democracy over that
imperialism that has made a corpse of
human liberty.
A press despatch from Tarrytown, N.
Y., gives a lengthy synopsis of John's
speech, and, knowing that the miners
of Southern Colorado will be interested
in the words of wisdom that fell from
the Hns of tho son of the richest father
in this country, the Free Press has
taken the liberty of plucking the following paragraphs from the speech delivered by John, the heir of Standard
"Despite the hardships of war, this
is the happiest momont of my ufe,"
said Mr. Bockefeller, when called upon
for a speech by hiB neighbors at the
farden truck exposition held in the
.ycoum at Pocantio Hills. "I wish
thero were a dozen newspaper photo*
grapherB here now to tako my picture
among these pumpkins and squashes—is
squashes singular or pluralf"
"They're a noun!" shouted a small
"I grew every one of those with my
own hands," Ur. Bockefeller con
tinued, "and I am proud that the com
mittee has seen fit to pin a few blue
ribbonB on them. I am happy because
in my effort to economize and grow the
vegetables that my family will use' the
coming winter, I have proved that I
can be a farmer, if necessary.
"I was born on a farm and started
out to be a farmer, but a hornet's nest
discouraged me at an early date. How*
ever, no hornet's nest can discourage
me from being economical at a time
when the welfare of our nation demands
that every citizen shall grow everything
possible, waste nothing and make every*
thing go as far as possible;
'' Why, I was going to get a new pair
of shoes some time ago, because I actually needed thehi, but when the shoe
merchant said that rising prices made
it necessary for him to charge me |8
for a new. pair I aaid I would economize. I Bent this old pair down to
Tony, tke village cobbler, and he half*
soled them for me, and I am going to
get through the winter on them. That
is 48 saved right there. That tt loaned
to the government will help the nation
in tho war.
"Bight over there sits my poor wife,
busily knitting a sweater for somo
lucky soldier. She has knitted a lot
of them. She knits day and night. She
is not a union knitter that quits when
the whistle blows. Ab long as this war
is not a union war sho is not a union
"That poor wife of mine Ib wearing,
as you see, and as perhaps most of the
ladies here know, a hat that is two
yearB old. She fixed it over a bit this
fall with a thirty-five cent piece of
ribbon, and it will do her until next
eprlng. The money that a new hat
would cost will buy the wool for several
sweaters for tbe soldiers."
The "poor wife" referred to is tho
daughter of the late Senator Nelson A.
Aldrich, of Connecticut, whose fortune
of many millions she divided with her
"That is what is meant by real
economy—doing without what you
don't need to nave. When I was out
weBt a year or two ago I stw a tailor
shop in a mining town, and I asked the
tailor who were his customers who ordered auch expensive fabrics made into
suits. He said his customers were the
miners. I hope they have mended
their ways. Such clothes wero a great
deal better than mine."
When the miners of Colorado read
the above report of John's speech delivered at his country homo near Tarry*
town, N.Y., and when it downs upon
them that Mrs. Bockefeller, Jr., Ib
wearing an old bat of the vintage of
the year 1015, as a matter of economy
to help the flght for democracy, their
eyes will swim in a lake of tears, and,
further, when thoy eoniprehend the
sacrifice that thc wife of John, Jr., is
making wben she scorns to buy a new
bonnet for fear that democracy might
not   survive   extravagance   upon   her
New Delivery
of Women's
Serge Dresses
To Sell at
THESE new models come
in an exceptionally good
quality of all-wool serge,
in a style that will meet
with wide approval. The
popular pleated and belted effect is featured and
trimmings consist of fancy loops and buttons. All
sizes from 16 to 42 are represented in this new
model, which can be had
in either navy or black, at
$26.00 each.
Other new Dresses in
navy, green, black or
brown, at $17.60, $19,60,
$22.60 and $26.00.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Showing How Labor Politics
Not Revolutionary Will
Lead to Ruin
part, there will be oceans of tears and
thousands of pathetic sobs that will
cause Btrong men to weep and turn
away to hide tlieir grief, out, in the
grief and Borrow* that are too deep for
words, will come the consoling thought
that the old hat will be honored with a
thirty-five-cent decoration, and this
knowledge will to aome extent assuage
the woe of the stricken hearts that
have been fatally wounded by the great
sacrifice that has made the wife of
John, Jr., the heroine of Pocantico
But Mrs, Bockefeller, Jr., doea not
share all the honors of war economy.
Her patriotic husband, looking down at
hiB brogans, reached the conclusion that
his feet were in need of a new pair of
shoes, but, when the vendor of footgear informed John, Jr., that he must
'' touch'' hia bank account for the Bum
of (6, the patriotism of John, Jr., assumed a magnitude that makes the
great men of history look like pigmies
when compared with the eon of America 's billionaire. John, Jr., brought his
brogans to a repair shop and TONY,
the COBBLER, half-soled the brogans
as Boon as possible, so that John, Jr.,
the hero and patriot, would not be
driven to the necessity of going barefooted.
When the miners of Colorado read of
the sacrifices of Bockefeller, Jr., and
his wife, they will cease patronizing
fashionable tailors, and will forego
wearing evening dress suits until
"Kaiaer Bill" takes the count at the
hands of ''Uncle Sam."
A History to Be Profitably
Read By Unionists
[By Harold A. Prider]
MELBOURNE, Aug. 1.—Since William Morris HugheB, the modern
tory, as Winston Churchill callB the
prime minister of Australia, returned
from London, wo have had turmoil
enough, and to spare. At the present
moment in the arena of national politics there is peace, and we welcome it,
but there has been more thon ordinary
activity in stute politics. A resume of
events, therefore, may be of interest to
the people of British Columbia. When
Mr. Hughes and the other renegades
were cast aside by tho workers, the
Labor party was in power in Tasmania,
Queensland, Western Australia, South
Australia, and New South Wales. The
conscription conspiracy came, and, with
the exception of Mr. Ryan, premier of
Queensland, all the leaders of the Labor
party tossed aside their principles and
crossed over to those who had fought
the Labor party in tne past. Today
Mr. Byan stands where he haB always
stood—with tho workers. The others
have been tossed aside. It Is a lesson
to the renegades.
"Birds of a Feather"
In New South Wales, Mr. W. A. Holman, who had succeeded Mr. J. T. S.
McOowan as Labor leader, was premior.
He advocated conscription, and joined
forces with Mr. C. G. Wade, the Conservative, who had a few yenrB previously leg-ironed the noble Poter
Bowling during the Newcastle strike.
Men like Sir J. H. Curruthera, Sir
Charles Mackollar, Sir Samuel Mc*
Caughey, and other Conservatives welcomed him, and, in company with Sir
Allan Taylor, and the Labor renegade
of other days, Mr. Geo. S. Beeby, the
stormy petrel, Mr. Holman faced the
electors aB nationalists! And he won.
The Labor party, under Mr. John Story,
however, scored a decided victory, for
representatives of tbe Labor movement
defeated Messrs, Black, Griffiths, Wad-
dell, McOowan, Meagher (who waB
speaker of the legislative assembly and
lord mayor of Sydney), and others, who
were Labor renegades. Once in power,
Mr. Holman was packed off to London
on a mysterious visit, and the Liberal
leader, Mr. Fuller, is now premier of
New South WaleB.
Return to Its Vomit
South Australia has gone to Liberalism once more. The late Tom Price
was the first Labor premier of that
state. As a laborer, he assisted in the
erection of the parliamentary edifice.
At that time two of his greatest sup-
Sorters were A, H. Peake and A. A.
kirkpatrick.    When Mr. Price passed
away,  Mr.  Peake went  over to the
3 Pairs for $1.00
Llama Socks
English cashmere hose are practically unprocurable and we could, without difficulty, get
fifty cents a pair for every pair of Llama hose
we have in stock.
We want you Union Men to take advantage of
this opportunity and lay in a supply of these
N.B.—See that every sock bears the word "Llama,"
sewn in red silk.
' UMITIO    *
B. O. E. E. Is Heavy Taxpayer.
By way of emphasizing the point of
its argument that the streetcar service
of the city is being given the public at
less than cost, and also that the largest
proportion of what is paid for streetcar
fares is distributed right here in the
city, the Buzzer, the weekly pamphlet
issued by the B. C. Electric Railway,
announces in this week's issuo what
the company returns to tho city in the
way of tases. The company's total
tai bill for its entire system, including
city, municipal, govornment and percentages on gross earnings, amounts to
♦24l>,05«.24. It is announced that the
sum paid the oity of Vancouver alone
recently was (28,208.10, and that the
various other city and municipal tax
paymonts throughout tho province
brought tho reolty taxos alone up to
Shall the One-Man Street Cars
Be Introduced In Vancouver?
Superintendent Mnrrin Looking Into
Then ln Oalgary.
CALGARY, Oct. 25.—W. T. Murrin
of Vancouver, superintendent and assistant general manager of the B. C.
Electric Railway company, and Mr.
Rae, tramways inspector, for British
Columbia, are in Calgary today examining into the operation of the one-
man street cars. Mr. Murrin expressed himself as very favorably Ira-
pressed with the syitem. Tho two
officials havo been investigating systems all through the cast and state
tbey prefer thc front door entrance
plan that is in vogue in Calgary and
other cities.
BET. 7408
ATTBB 6 p.m.—SEY. 7497K
Dress Caught ln Door of Street Ou at
CALGARY, Oct. 25.—Miss Kathryn
Sullivan of Now York had a narrow escape Inst ovening while alighting from
one of thc municipally-owncd one-man
street cars, which aro operated from the
front end by the motorman, who acts as
conductor also. Miss Sullivan, who carried In her arms the two-year-old granddaughter of Mrs. Bonnett, of this city,
had her dress caught in thc swiftly-
closing door of the ear, and fell beneath
the wheels, just as the passengers In
the cor shouted to the motorman to
stop his cur. The man ripped the door
open with a jerk, freeing Miss Sullivan's dress, but did not stop. Miss
Sullivan was dragged from beneath the
car bv a stranger, still tightly clutching the little girl is her arms.
Conservatives under Sir Richard Butler, and John Vorran, a miner, came
into power, but proved a failure. The
next Labor leader was Crawford Vaughan. When he formed his ministry he
made his brother attorney-general, his
brother-in-law (Clarence Goode) minister of agriculture, and himself premier,
treasurer, and minister of education.
His last act as premier was to appoint
sister Dorothy as a justice of peace I
With veterans like Verran, McGll-
livray, Wallls, Blundell, Jackson,
Styles, and Ponder, who had been in
the movement for many years, he deserted Labor for love of Hughes. When
Messrs. Hill, Butterfield, Gunn resigned
to contest the federal elections for La*
bor, and Mr. Coombe died, the Liberals
captured these vacancies. Vaughan
was then ousted without mercy by
Peake, Butler, Bice, and the others
who hate the workers, although both
had coalesced to fight Labor at the national elections I The only friend
Vaughan appears to have is Sir Lang-
don Btinython—and be is welcome to
him I
Wrecked By the Leaders
Now in Western Australia tho Labor
party had rendored good service, but it
haB been wrecked through the machinations of leader Scaddan. When he was
in power, Scaddan offered to leave his
own electorate and fight a reaegade
foe, Walker—who is one of Scaddan's
pals today—and he lost. John Lutey
won Scaddan's seat, and thon resigned
in favor of Scaddan. onoe in power
again, Scaddan went the pace and the
Liberals, under Frank Wilson, soon had
him before the people, with disastrous
results. He and Wilson, with the rest,
fought Labor at the federal elections,
and then Bruce Lefroy defeated Wll-
son for the premiership. Scaddan was
chosen in the ministry, and, when he
went before the people, he was van*
quished by his old pal Lutey, who remains loyal to the principles of Labor.
Phil Collier la now leader of Labor in
the west.
In Tasmania Labor was led by John
Earle, and waB in power, but when
Earle renegaded, the Liberals under W.
H. Lee, Sir Neil Lewis and Sir John
Davics came into power. Labor has
lost all hopes here for many years to
come. Strong men like Woods and Ben
Watkins have been defeated,', and the
leader, Mr. Lyons, has a small but
militant force behind him. Earle had
the chance to make good for Labor,
but he made a mess of things, In Victoria we have only had Mr. Eltaalie in
power once—and that was only for 14 ,
dnysl Last week, Elmslie, as Labor
leader, moved a no-confidence motion
against Sir Alex. Peacock. It was defeated. Bowser, the leader of the
Economists, then moved a similar mo- .
tion, and with the exception of Clough,
Hogan, Solly, Tunnecliffe, and Cotter,
all the Laborites voted against it—and
savod Peacock from defeat! What can
we expect from thesel
Queensland still stands for the Labor
movement. Mr. Ryan, the Labor
premier, iB without doubt the greatest
statesman in Australia. He is an ir-
rcconciliablo cnti-conscriptioniBt, and,
though a lawyer, he is probably one of
the beBt advocates the Labor party
ever had. Although Kidston ratted on
Labor in that state, and made way for
the Dcnham and Sir Robert Philp
clique, Labor mado great strides under
Dave Bowman, and later, Byan. It
would bo well to point out that the
following are the leaders of the Labor |
party in Australia:
Commonwealth—Frank Gwynne Tudor; deputy, Senator Albert Gardiner.
New   South   Wales—John   Storey;
deputy, Stewart Robertson.
Victoria—Geo. A. Elmslie;   deputy,
J. W. BillBon.
South Australia—A. A. Kirkpatrick.
Western Australia—Phil Collier.
Queensland—T. J. Byan; deputy, E.
G, Theodore.
Tasmania—J. A. Lyons; deputy, J. A. *
Kootenay "Fed." Representative.
Mr. P. J. Bolnm has been authorised '
by The Federationist to canvass and
receipt for subscriptions throughout
tho Kootenays. He will leave Trail '
during the coming week and Intend*
to pay a visit td all the mining camps,
in tho interests of The Federationist.
To the Men and
Young Men
Of British Columbia
_ Whoever wants a good Suit or Overcoat must
pay more this Fall than last for like quality.
_ But he wont pay more for inferior goods if he'll
deal with a responsible house, such as ours.
CJ We are ready and anxious to show you unequalled values in top coats, every new model
$15.00 to $30.00
_ Suits for men and young men $15 to $40.
_ Raincoats, Combination Raincoats and Topcoats. Special values at $10, $12.50 and $15.


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