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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 5, 1917

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THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITT: STRENGTH
NINTH YEAR.   No. 40
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOR
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 5,1917
POLITICAL UNITT:   VIOTOBT
(In Vucosrsr\
City. 18.00 )
$1.50 P~ER YEAR
J. H. MM IS ONC
MORE ELECTED
II
OLD STANDBY
TRADE UNIONIST
Trades and Labor Council
Receives Kavanagh's
Resignation
Proposal to Withdraw From
Labor Congress Is
Laid Over
President J. Kavanagh of the
Trades and Labor council sprung a big
surprise at the meeting Inst night by
tendering his resignation and insisting
upon its acceptance. Ho gave as his
reason that he could not longer preside over a gathering which had voted
down the motion that a delegato of
the council, J. H. McVety. resign from
the conscription exemption tribunal.
Vice-president Hubble thereupon took
the chair and the election of a new
president was proceeded with. J. H.
McVety and George Hardy were nominated, the former being elected by 44
votes against 37, Del. Thomas of the
Longshoremen signifying he was not
voting. This is tbe tenth time President McVety has been elected to the
office.
A letter from Bir B. L. Borden, prime
minister of Canada, defending his War
Times Elections net disfranchising all
women except those having relatives
at the front, was strongly criticized,
the act being recognized aB of political
inspiration.
Mrs. Button, secretary of the "Women
Munition Workers' union of Victoria
was accorded the privilege* of addressing the council, and she asked that a
petition be signed asking that the munitions board do not withdraw itB shell
contracts from the west, for the women
needed work, especially the war widows
who could not exist on their pensions
which amounted to only $32 a month.
A resolution of condolence with the
family of the lute Alfred England, who
I was a very active worker in the coun*
cil.    Bro. England died suddenly on
Tuesday morning, thiB week.
Del. Kavanagh moved that in view
of the action of the Dominion Trades
council and the words of President
Watters in accepting a blood-stained
bayonet, that the council withdraw iti
affiliation. Del. Kavanagh drew attention to the fact that the congresB had
passed a resolution in effect, that Labor
do nothing to embarass the government in the war, and entirely over*
looked the fact that the government
was taking away from the working
class the laBt vestige of liberty.
Del. Trotter, who was a delegate to
the congress, said the press had printed only what it wanted to and reports
of what happened had been badly
garbled. Del. Trotter said there had
been confusion by so many amendments that the officers' resolution carried by elimination of the amendments,
nnd afterwards, when n vote was taken
for and against conscription, there had
been but eleven voteB for it. The delegnte from Great Britain had presented
the bayonet os a reminder thnt workers should strive to avoid war and it
was to stand for n "horrible example."
The reply of President Watters had
been inapt and anybody who knew
Watters knew he needed time to prepare any nddress, Del. Trotter snid
, garbled accounts Bhould not bo relied
upon. As to the people of Quebec, he
said their position had been badly misrepresented.
The matter waa laid over pending
receipt of the official proceedings of tho
congress.
Del. Cottrell Baid that some of the
congress delegates set the western delegates down as pro-Germnn. Del. Hardy
(Continued on Page 4)
ANGUS FBASER
Socretary-treasurer ot Looal 194,' Brotherhood of Boiler Makers and Iron Ship
Builders and Helpers, who has just returned from Kansas City, where he attended the 1017 convention of the International.
OF
Taking  Strike Vote This
Week  on  a  Higher
Wage Scale
VICTORIA, Oct. 3.—Eleven hundred
men employed by the Cameron-Genoa
Mills, shipbuilders, and the Foundation
Company, are taking a referendum on
whether to strike, in the event of their
wage demands not being granted. The
Victoria Shipyard employees nre demanding higher wages than nre being
asked in any other port on the Pacific
coast. Laborers demand H a duy, as
opposed to $3.50, which is acceptable
to the Seattle workerB. Boilermakers,
steam engineers, electricians and riggers are also demanding slight increases
over the scale decided upon by the
American board of arbitration. The
Imperial munitions board is willing to
ubide by the decision reached in Puget
Sound yards, but the workers here have
preferred demands for more money. If
the strike should eventuate, the men
will not down tools until Oct. 15.
MAKING NEW TERMS
WITH CANADA POWER
Electrical  Workers Have Taken Vp
Negotiations With Power
Compiny.
The Electrical Workers have undertaken negotiations with the Canada
Power compiny looking towards an increase in thc present scale of wageB.
No change in conditions is contemplated, according to "Teddy" Morrison,
the business agent.     '
Using Label Cigars.
Harley Johnson, who is here assisting
in the organization of the Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses, declared yesterday
that he notices in Vancouver cignr
stores a larger proportion of union-
label cigars than in most cities he has
been in.
Treager Is Better,
The many friends of Bill Treager,
one of the boys of the North Shore iron
works, who was operated on 'at St.
Pnlu's hospitnl for nn acute case of appendicitis last Monday, will be plensed
to learn that he has recovered and will
be about in a few duys.
Food Sharks on Water Street
****** ****** ****** ******
Cause High Cost of Living
FOOD CONBEKVATION sounds good.
One of tbe daily papers is starting
aat to pick up somo ideas on it. Hero
are some suggestions whicli, if followed
by thc government, would conserve
moro food, renlly conserve it for public good, thnn ull the flapdoodle that
cnn be written. The place to start
conserving food in Vnncouver is on
wholesale row down on Water street.
This is tho rendezvous of tho food
sharks in these parts. Almost every
city has its food Hhnrks. But it is
doubtful if uny of them can tench the
Water street crowd, Thnt band of
pirates operate in reBtruint of trnde.
There' is a law against this on the statute books, or there should be. There
are laws regulating such things in the
United    Btntes,     Cnnnda, being more
{>rogressive, to hear sotae tulk, certain-
y has lnws which will prevent a bund
of men getting together and snying
juBt how much tbey shall puy for an
article und how much tho consumer
muBt pay them.
This is tho pluce where illegitimate
profits are made. Thc commission men
aro well named. Thoy get a "commission" on nbout ..ull tlio nntive'-born
food in this province, nnd ull thnt is
, imported from Cnlifornin, Wushington
and Oregon. Every now und then, however, somebody down on Robbery How
sets up a great ndo nbout Chinks competing with thom and object to tko public buying Chinese-grown vogetnldes,
fruits, etc. It is noticed that nobody
down on the row hus been making
much fuss ubout this of lnte. Tho
repson is plain. Thc Chineso are not
so slow as wholesale row might think,
and they have nn organization on price
that Ib just about ns hnrd nnd fust ns
Ttfthe commission men hnve.
Thero aro two solutions to the problem—a real, public market conducted
under the. nuthority of the city, und en-
forcement of u Inw against combinations in restraint of trade.
A public market should be located
where the people cnn Tench it. Not
ncross the Main street bridge, 'dp
ngninst the water where the city ran
a so-callod public market us nn adjunct
to commission row for some yoars. Well
conducted, such a murket would be
widely patronized, The commission
men ure absolutely unnecessary to n
community which has u public murket
of the renl sort. Thoso men huve mnde
themselves a pluce und profit in the
business life of this eity und the public stands for it.
Vancouver has n lot of these kind
of patriots who loudly slug "God Save
the King," und thut seems to be nil
they need do to convince the public
of their patriotism. They go to church
on Sundays, some of them, nnd exact
illegitimate profits from the public on
Mondays. They would on Sundays, too,
if they eould.
If human life hus to be sacrificed in
the war, then profits must likewise bc
laid on the altar. But thc dollar stands
higher in Canndn than human life.
That was what Food Controller Hanna
decided when he gave out tho information that business would be disrupted
wero tho authorities to attempt price
regulations.
Commission men nnd cold stornge
compnnies hnvo tons of goods piled up
in this province merely for purposes of
speculntion. There are enough eggs
which, placed on the murket now would
Inst through the seuson nnd keep prices
nt u reasonable figure. These eggs nre
being held out of rench of tho public
while tho food gamblers are fondly
looking forward to thc day when they
cnn snfely boost the price to $1 u dozen.
Butter, beef, bacon, mutton, lnmb and
everything that will "keep" is being
kept in this wny by a gang of food
sharks who ought to be in jail, in-
Btcnd of being protected by the government.
Tlio food problem is nnother of the
scores tho public has hnd in "cold
storage'! for a long time ngninst the
inefficient and timid Borden 'government.
The Bugle Blast of Authoritative
Utterance Dispels Financial Fog
How War Can Be Financed
By Saving Nothing and
Paying It Out
A Solemn Warning Against
the Dangers of Too
Much Mortgage
A Gentle Hint to Swell the
Mortgage by Buying
Liberty Bonds
THE FATE of the individual,
or thc individual concern
that runs in debt beyond his or
its power to pay, is well known
to everybody. Such individual or
concern sooner or later lands in
bankruptcy. Bankruptcy means
merely the inability to longer continue existence as a business entity. It means business collapse
or death. What is true of individuals and ordinary buis'ness concerns is also true of nations and
in the last analysis of capitalist
society as a whole. For all transactions of the business world are
primarily based upon credit,
which is the polite term for getting of something of value without giving anything more valuable than a promise to pay in return therefor. From the purchase
of the coinmodity labor power, or of
the' products of labor from the direct
producer thereof, down to the final disposal of the numerous commodities involved, evory transfer is merely a transfer of credit from ono person or concern
to another in exchange for value received. It is an exchange of value for
a promise to pay; a giving of present
value for on order upon the future. .No
payment can be made for reasons that
must be obvious to every one who cares
to devote a moment's time to reflection.
As all commodities come into exist*
euce solely through the expenditure of
labor by the working people, and are
.endowed with exchange value only by
their creator (labor), it logically follows that the workers could not be paid
for theBe products for the very simple
reason that there would be nothing on
oarth with which to make sueh pay*
ment.
Tbe products being the only things
carrying exchange value, it may be
readily seen that once they passed out
of the control of the workers who pro-
PATRIOTIC FUND
MAY BE RAISED BY
TAXES IN FUTURE
According to a Toronto
dispatch to the daily press,
a meeting of the executive
of the Canadian Patriotic
Fund in Ottawa, this week,
will decide the question of
whether the society will get
its fund next year by a voluntary subscription campaign or by taxes to be
levied by provincial or
municipal bodies.
duced them and endowed them with
their exchange value, those workers
would inevitably be left without compensating value in their possession.
They do, however, receive a promise
that payment will be made at some
time in the future, but this promise is
not calculated to cover the entire
amount of exchange value that has
been taken from them, bat only such
part of it as may be equal to the aetual cost of their living while they
work.
As this promise to pay is redeemed
out of the products of their own labor
(in the form of food, clothing, etc.,
which the workers alone have produced), it may be easily seen that nothing
in the shupe of real payment has occurred.
Wbat in fact has occurred is that
wealth has been produced by the labor
of working mien and women, and has
been taken from them without as much
as by your leave, without anything In
thie nature of payment, the* only reservation being that just barely enough has
been left to these workers to enable
them to sustain life for tjie purpose of
continuing the delightful process of producing wealth for others for nothing.
Final Bankruptcy Assured.
From the time the commodities
brought forth by the workers are thus
thrown into the market until they are
finally disposed of and removed therefrom, they may change bands niany
Soap Lord Sets'Forth Ample
Evidence Showing National Solvency
After Democracy Has Been
Made Safe, Labor Will
Have an Easy Job
UNFAIR TO THE
METAL TRADES
Fellow Worker: You are requested
to refute to handle any material being
J induced for, or coiaiag .from, the
allowing Anna, a.-lis ill-1 unfair to
organlied labor:
Vancouver Engineering Worki.
Hois ft Howard.
Letaon ft Burpee.
Terminal Olty Iron Worki.
J. K. Miller Blowpipe Co.
Allan  ft   McKelvie.
Vancouver Stove Worki.
Nothing Much for Workers
to Do But Work, Eat
Sleep and Work Again
times,' but almost without exception,
such transfers ot ownership are effected
by transfers of credit.
No matter how muny 'times such
transfers may occur, the credit always
remains in existence, consequently no
real payment has been hiude. Nothing
haB been eliminated from the sum total
of debt in existence.
As the wealth has been taken from
the workers who produced it in the first
instance without payment, it becomes
impossible to wipe out the debt so incurred, no matter how many transfers
of ownership may subsequently occur,
except by means of some calamity that
may destroy the credit slips that are
termed currency, or in Home manner
wipe out the figures of credit that appear upon bank ledgers. Fire, shipwreck and individual bankruptcy wipe
out some of it, but not enough to make
the capitalist world' altogether safe
from final insolvency.
How to Avoid Being " Seditious"
It is the heigh th of presumption,
however, for common working people
and other uncouth and simple-minded
souls to attempt to deal with such abstruse and intricate problems as those
of credit, currency and finance in general. In fact it is preemption bordering upon impudence and should be
frowned down by all wbo realize the
necessity of safeguarding tbe ancient
mysteries and humbugs upon which the
success of ruling class bull con nnd hypocrisy depends to keep its slaves in
suitably docile fettle for their effective
and profitable skinning.
It is far better and less likely to be
termed seditious to take one's financial
opinions and conclusions from those
who are by association and training undoubtedly competent to jadge, than to
fly In the face of tradition and custom,
by nurturing the silly notion that tbe
school of impecuniosity could ever
bring forth graduates capable of intelligently VrestUng'wlth fKe great* problem
of how to do business on nothing but
wind and jawbone, without eventually
being blown to hell by a tornado of
bankruptcy.
The following, clipped from the editorial columns of the U. 8. Official But-
(Continued on Page 5)
Big Banquet In Celebration of Attitude of
*******      ******* *******      *******
Crew of the Niagara During tne Late Strike
OFnCIALOFI.W>W.
ORGANIZATION IN U.S.
WHAT UNQUESTIONABLY was
the greatest affair of the kind
ever pulled off by a single union was
the bnnquet which the Longshoremen
last Sjndny night gave nt Dominion
hall in honor of thc crew of the steainer
Niagara, as a mark of appreciation for
the attitude of tbe crew during fhe
longshore strike here n short time ago.
The members of the Niagara's crew,
staunch union men all, refused to turn
a hnnd to nnything during the progress
of the strike. Thnt is the sort of solidarity which wins disputes for orgnnized labor, nnd shows the employing
class where to tie up. The Longshoremen's union will mnke nny organization go some to equal nil-round good
fellowship displayed on this occasion,
which will live long in the memory
of everybody fortunate enough to have
nttended. Tho crew of the Niagara
wero hugely pleased. The gathering
und the excellent manner in which it
wns bundled in every particular will
be referred to a long time hence ns an
example of thc general efficiency of the
Longshoremen's union whether at work
or recreation. They are the champion
entertainers of these parts without a
question.
Gordon .T. Kelly, vice-president of
thc International, was toastmnster, and
proved a muster of the occasion, He
spoke very briefly in proposing the
toast to the guests, snying Iheir actions
were more eloquent of the solidnrity of
lnbor thnn anything he could sny. A.
J. Thornhill responded on behalf of the
crew. Thore wns a vote of thnnks to
the Longshoremen from the crew of the
Niagara. A rousing toast to thc ladies
was proposed by K. Winch, to which
Victor B. Midgley replied. ,T. H. MeVety proposed the toast, "The Land
of the Southern Cross," which was replied to by C. Williams of the crew.
Seated with the chair mnn of the evening were V. R. Midgley and J. H.
McVety, vice-presidents of the B. C.
Federation of Labor; A. 8. Wells, Victoria, secretary of thc same organization: J. Burns of the Senmen's union;
E. Winch of the Longshoremen's Auxiliary, my! President Mahone of the I.
L. A.
About 10 o'clock everybody had
eaten their fill of the good things for
POET'S INSPIRATION
WRITTEN AT BANQUET
You mny tnlk of politicians
Giving bunqui-U to tin- voter*,
Stnndfnie "fliB" ond prime Havana*—
Even rltlen In eaitlf motors—
But fur li.'urty entertaining
In the _tmil fild-fHibionctf way
There it nntliiiiK (tint U iiiImIiik
With the I, I.. A.
The men who work the iteamcm
Aro u In ity lot of latin
And they like iheir recreation
Minus frills* and fin's and fail*.
For  a*   host*   they  can't   he   lieatcn,
And they proved It yeaterilny
And uphi'l'l the reputation
Of the I. h, A.
—WON KENVVN.
tho dinner was hot and of several
courses, tgml the crowd li 1 *-*■ I from the
bnnquet hall, marching merrily down
Pendor street to the I. I,. A. headquarters to the straiiiH of "Australia Will
Be Thoro.'' During the march the
boys snug with lusty voico, "Tipper-
ary," "Puck Up Your Troubles in Yonr
Old Kit Bag," nnd other nils. Tlio
Niagara men on the ntarch carried a
grent floral emblem bearing the niiine
of their ship.
A lnrge corps of stewards frota tho
Delinonico cufe looked after the bnnquet very successfully nnd formalities
were in the efficient hands of Tom
Scott, chairman of the entertainment
committee which had undertaken flu-
big task of preparing nnd currying forward the banquet. The toastmaster's
glowing tribute to the work of the committed was vigorously npplaudofl.
Music was provided by Weaver's
augmented orchestra of ten pieces.
About five hundred of the longshoremen nnd some ISO from the Niagarn
attended, and when this crowd filed
nut onto tlie street nnd formed n long
column of march they attracted touch
attention from tlie genoral public,
Monday night tho ontortninment of
the Niagara crew was continued with
a dnnee in Pender hull in honor of the
stewardess nnd Inundresses of the ship.
The nrruiigements were in chargo of
the following committee: Tom Scott,
IX Mathieson, II, V. Jtissnnc, C. Midi-
toy, P. Ohnpmun, A. Hills, .T. McGimni.
.Tonkins. J, Klieppnrd, J, Matthews nnd
Mitchell.
WILLIAM D. HAYWOOD
Secretary-treasurer of the I. W. W., who wljta
165 othen la under Indictment at Chicago,
charged with fettering a nation-wide Antiwar movement/
Members of Women's Munitions Union Are Here
From Victoria
According to Mrs. Sutton, of the
Women's Munition Workers' union,
Victoria, who has arrived here on organization work among local munition
workers, many war widows in Victoria
find themselves unable to subsist on the
small pensions they are allowed by the
government. On this account many of
them have to go to work, and are desirous that the government let more
shell contracts in this section of the
country so they may have sohi-ething to
do to add to the pittance received for
the death of their men at the front.
The munition workers have a union of
about 250 women now.
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
IN CAPITAL CITY
Rapid Growth of Victoria Unions
Hade Mora Commodious Headquarters Necessary.
VICTORIA, Oct. 3.—Dating from
Oct. 1, the Trndes and Labor Council
of Victoria became lessees from the
Victoria Pythian Castle Hall Company,
Ltd., of the building ou North Pint
street, known ns the K. of P. ball.
While the ownership remains 'the same,
it is quite probable that the new quarters will house the TradeB and Labor
council with its hiany subsidiary locals
permanently, since the yeur's lease
now negotiated provides for the option
of continued tenancy from yenr to
year.
Bartenders Still in Business.
The udwent of prohibition hns not interfered with the Bartenders' union,
which will continue to keep its charter
because many of the members are still
at work dispensing soft drinks nnd non-
tox. The field of the union will now be
extended to other soft drink emporiums.
FOR»COME
Shoe Workers' Journal Haa
Made Explanation to
Local Unionists
Time for All Pacific Coast
Unionists to Demand
the Label
The Federationist is advised tha
some of the employees of the Leeklt
Shoe factory, Vancouver, are no longer
members in good standing of the Shoe
Workers' union. After the strike laat
Christmas it was the generally ' ae-
cepted opinion among local trade unloa- •
ists tbat the -onion was a 100 per eent.
organization and that the union label
stamp would be arranged for by the
firm at the earliest possible date. But
this has not been done.
In the International Shoe Workers'
Journal the following excerpt may
prove of interest to the J. Leckie Co,
and to itB employees. The Journal
says:
"We wish to mention in this connection that in Canada at the beginning of the war army shoe contracts
were placed with a non-union shoe
concern.     Our members in Canada
made objection to tbe Canadian government, and thereafter the Canadian
army shoe contracts  were  awarded
to factories using the union stamp."
Is this, then, the real reason the J..
Leckie Co. is not receiving war orders
for shoes?    And why it has become
necessary to lay off union men almost
every week of latef
STREETRAILWAYMEN
TO MEET WEDNESDAY
Msmbersblp to Hear Reports of Delegates to International
Conventions.
Tbe officers of Pioneer Division No.
lOi, Streetrailwny Employees', expect
a bumper meeting next Wednesday, the
afternoon session in Oddfellows hall,
Mount Pleasant and the evening meeting at Labor Temple. The occasion will
be hearing the reports of Del. W. H.
Cottrell, who bas returned from the
Ottawa convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, and that
of Vice-president Fred. A. Hoover, who
is expected back from Providence, B. I.,
via Edmonton, in time for the meeting. In addition there are some 22 new
members to be initiated. '
The executive will meet on Tuesday
next at 8 p.m., having been postponed
from Monday, due to it being Thanksgiving Day. Pay day will take place
on the Dth, for the same reason.
fESMSTERS will ask
INCREASE IN WAGES
Committee to Gather Data on Proposed
New Scale and Conditions,
At a meoting of the Teamsters' and
Chauffeurs' 'anion on Wednesday night,
in the Labor Temple, a committee was
appointed to make recommendations regarding working hours und wages. This
committee is to report next meeting.
The average wnges being paid are $3
a day and thc average working hours
are eleven, not including Sundays. A
number of teumBters have to work Sundays cleaning the horses, ■ etc. The
union is making splendid progreBB nnd
is growing rapidly.
Shipbuilding Completely Tied
******      ******      ******      ******
Up at Coughlan & Sons' Yards
Coughlan's shipyard, which is build*
ing bouts for the munitions bourd. is
completely tied up owing to a strike
of all classes of labor employed there,
which followed n conference of tho
men yesterday morning nt the Labor
Tomplo, The mon, BotnjQ weeks ngo,
presented a proposed agreement for an
Increased wale of wages nil round. At
the request of tho firm delegates went
to Ottawa to tnke the matter up .with
the hend cf the munition* bourd, but
got nowhere. There is strong probability that every shipyard in tin- province will be pulled, involving nearly
4,000 men. The men ou strike in
Coughlan's number noarly 800.
The complete story of the negotiations follows: A blanket agreement
wus presented to .1. Coughlan & Sons
for adoption nbout u month ngo. At
the suggestion of the company, the
Metal Trados Couneil sent a delegation
io Ottawa und » representative of the
firm wus also to be present, to discuss
the situation with the munitions board.
Rpprosontlrtg the il. T. C. at this conference were D, McOnlhim of the Ma-
chihists', A. Watchman pf tlie Shipwrights', und J. II. Ouruiiehiiel of the
Boilermakers'. Tlie linn's representative wns J. Minellio. The delegation
from the-M. T. C. was accompanied to
(he meeting by tho full executive of
the Trades nnd Lnbor Congress of
Canada.
What took place ut the conference
can be told in n very few words. After
tlie mutter was fully placed before the
munitions bonrd the chairman told the
delegates that they should return to
Vancouver ami, should they be nble to
convince the company that the demands were justified By the conditions
on this coast, tLc employers should
grant the demands and then mnke representations tii the munitions board to
prove that an  Increased price in  the
tonnogo to be built was necessary in
order to complete the governmont con-
true ts,
At the conferences here this woek
the men placed their ease fully before
the compnny. Negotiations finally
reached n point where the company
agreed to accept the decision of tho
federal  board  in  Seattle,  the rates  to
etrouctive to Oct. 4.
This wns placed before fl Utuss meeting attended by about 000 of Ihe men
in the Lflbor Temple at 10 o'clock yesterday morning A vote wus taken on
it uud lacked just three votes of being
unanimously rejected.
A meeting of the business ngents of
the various unions involved in the
strike was held last night.
BUTCHERS' CHARTER
HAS ARRIVED HERE
Local Now Numbers More Than Two
Hundred Members, and Has
Elected Its Officers,
At a meeting of the Butchers and
Meat O.itters' on Tuesdny night, officers were formally elected ns follows!
President, 13. W. Lane} vice-president,
Hector Smith; recording secretary, E.
Lofting; (inanclal*seretary, A. Morrison; guard, U. Dyers.
Business Agent Midgley, of the
Trades and Labor council, presided, nnd
installed the officers.
Twenty-six new members were admitted. The union now numbers 200,
which is u splendid record for n local
which is but onc mouth old. The
chnrter has nrrived, nnd the local's
books are being prepared.
At on eurly meeting, the locnl
will tnke up the question of the election
of n business ngent.
It is announced that the I\ Burns'
packing house is 100 por cent, or-
gniazed. I
PAGU TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..October 5, IM
The Dentist and the Public
By W. J. CURRY. 301 Dominion Building
[SERIES VI.)
THE CARE OF THE TEETH
Q Occasionally we meet a person with perfect teeth, without fillings
or cavities, but these .specimens are rare. In over twenty years of
practise, I have not met over a dozen or two of these fortunate individuals. The average man or woman, sooner or later, develops dental
defects and eternal vigilance is tbe price of freedom in general and
particularly from diseased, teeth.
(J White blood cells may defend the system from the microbe of various diseases but the hard structure of the teeth has no blood supply
and therefore is protected only by its density and through the enamel.
MICROBES, THE CAUSE OT DECAYED TEETH:
(fl Through the aid of the microscope and scientific research, the specific agent of dental caries has been discovered. It is now known that
the chemical agent which dissolves out the hard substance and makes
cavities is lactic acid and that this acid is produced by the action of.
a ferment orjpocific microbe on starch or sugar from our food and
which remains in the crevices and fissures of our teeth.
|| You have hoard how Cleopatra manufactured that high-priced drink
by dissolving pearls in vinegar and some of you may havo Been your
mothers making vinegar out of sugar and water, and theae are about
the processes that take place in our mouths and decay the teeth.
(] It is no doubt becauso of the extreme density and absence of fissures and pits that the exceptional individuals I referred to wore immune from dental caries, but over 99 per cent, of our race today are
afflicted, more or less, with dental imperfections.
4] Doubtless one good reason why the fish-eating aborigines of this
province retained their teeth in the past without the aid of tooth-
, brushes or dental surgery, was from the fact that fish or animal tissue
1 is not acted upon by these micro-organisms and their decomposition
does not produce free acid.
Q Although tbis may appear in favor of our becoming carnivorous,
yet it is a fact that the fruit-eating and vegetarian natives of the south
are quite as immune from dental caries as was our fish-eating Indian
of a century ago. At the same time, wild and domestic' animals, which
are exclusively herbiverous, such as the deer and horse, are free from
dental defects and are more agreeable in more ways than one than their
flesh-eating cousins. .
(f It is easily understood how a diet of grass and twigs keeps the
deer's teeth polished, his mouth wholesome and his blood pure and
although we have not as yet been forced to follow the example of our
old friend Nebukadnezar and eat grass, yet a diet of cereals, nuts,
fruits and vegetables will have the same effect without attempting to
masticate the modern products of our meat market.
H The friction due t'o masticating wilh.remove the particles of food
from our teeth before tho process or fermentation can take place. This
is exactly what the old Indian did with his dried salmon and venison;
and Horace Fletcher assures us that thorough mastication is the "dead
medicine" for dyspepsia and constipation, and it is certainly the chief
preventative of diseased teeth.
NO NEED OF TOOTH ACHE
fljf Our teeth mny be poorly developed, owing to malnutrition during
childhood or the "sins the fathers visited upon tho children"; they-^
may be soft and mny contain fissures and pits, but even so we may
bo free from toothache and retain complete powers of mastication
as long as we live, if we only exercise proper care and attention. Many
of us are proving this and in the futuro, more and more, will profit
in thip way through education in dental hygiene and through modern
dentistry.
■U Oral hygiene must be tnijght in our schools. Mothers and nurses
must train and assist their children in oral cleanliness and in care of
the teeth.
(J The services of a dentist are imperative but without cleanliness
and your faithful co-operation he can never save your teeth and "shop
teeth" compare with natural ones as wooden legs do to real ones.
•Q Cleansing our teeth destroys the breeding place of the germs"which
produce decay. Just as Yellow Fever in Panama was abolished In the
canal region by filling up and draining the swamps whore the Yellow
IViver mosquito propagated, and bo we have the power of saving our
teeth by abolishing the breeding places of these germs which generate
the acid that dissolves the hard substance and make cavities.
(Q If we want good natural health, we muBt keep cur blood pure, and
if we want oral health we must keep our mouths clean. Remember, "A
clean tootb never decays."
A booklet which every thinking wage-worker should read
'The Genesis and Evolution of Slaviry'
n« v   —   \Tiniirr_l''vr_-' .'- •*
By E. T. KltfGSLflY'
Tha merit and real worth ot
this publication is shown by the
fact that aince It was issued on
November, 10X6, orders for thousands of copies have been received from all parts of the world
and additional orders are coming
In by nvety mall.
In a clear-cut and concise style
this booklet goes thoroughly into
the questloh iff the economic position of capitalist socioty and the
i position of the working classes In
relation to It.
The troublesome phases of the
relations between the capitalist
and the worker are dealt with In
a manner which solves in plain
and forceful logic many points on
which the worker of today is often
"at sea" when meeting arguments.
THE-BOOKLET POEMS A VALUABLE TEXT BOOK AND WOEK
OF REFERENCE FOB WOBKEBS
AND STUDENTS OF ECONOMIC
PROBLEMS
Packages et 100 copies or
Son, 0 csnts ptr copy (car-
igt paid). .
Single copies, or In any nam*
bar np to 100 copies, 10 cents
•ach (postpaid).
E. T. KINGSLEY
—ths  notad  writer on wage  workers'
problems wbo hai given tha last word on
thla subject In "Tha Genesis snd Evolution Of Slavery."
Many labor organisations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of
this booklet, their first orders having been readily disposeS of by salo or distribution. These advices state that tho booklet is eagerly sought and read with
keen interest by tbelr members.
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
LABOB TEMPLE
B. PARM. PETTIPIECE. Manager
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to Tha B.
0. Federatlonist, will be mailed to any ad*
dresa In Canada for $10. (Good anywhere
outside of Vanconver elty.) Order. Un today.   Pemlt when sold.
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1001 HUV IIBB1T
OF
The Spirit of Prussianism
Rampantly Aggressive
Among Jingoes
Leaving. No Stone Unturned
To Complete Its
Conquest
[By Francis Ahorn]
(Passed for publication by Chief Censor Mo-
Coll,  Melbourne,  Australia)
MELBOURNE, Australia, Sept.
24.—(By Mail.)—Aftor the
recent conscription vote in
Australia, we were faced with two
elections—one iu the Australian
federal parliament and one in a
state parliament. So distrustful
were tho people that there appeared no chance of the jingo parties
getting back to power. To save
their political skins (and it did
save them), the politicians hurriedly signed a public recantation
never to attempt to introduce the
curse which five months previtjus-
ly they told us was the blessing
that alone could work the empire's sal*
vation and preserve civilization from
the Hun.
On the part of the people there is a
spirit of complacency, for we are told
that conacription is a dead issue. To
the moro heedless this may seem true,
■oven the active "anti" may bo tempted to believe that in all this protestation he hears the distant slobber of the
ebb tide of a dying cause.
But those of us who are wise look
not at the little gulf of Australian
politics, but at the great ocean of the
world's militarism. Conscription is
not ebbing there. England, New Zealand, India—land after land—is submerged beneath the waters of military
law. Continental Europe has long wai-
lowed fathoms deep beneath it. Canada
is now about to plunge into the depths,
while America has tested itself in the
waters of the gulf within the past few
months. «
Revolt Only Hope.
There is not much ebb nbout all this.
Bather, there is overwhelming flood,
and unless, in the near future, an upheaval takes place and overthrows militarism and much else, the bounds of
the kingdom of conscription will be as
wide as the limits of the world. Then,
in all civilized countries—so called—
the cxplcitc) and the military expert
will be in a position to say to the workers: "There is your enemy; shoot him,
or gct^uff the planet J" And the "enemy" will not alwnys be the foreigner.
Do any of us think that a few
months added or taken from the length
of the present war will affect one iota
our chances of getting or avoiding fall
continental conscription? Do we trust
to the outcome of a new election to
save us? Wo are madmen if we do.
No party in any single country can
stand against the terrific force of a
world movement, least of all a party
whose chief parliamentarians still stultify their position as anti-conscription-
ists by hugging conscription for "home
defense." No one party, nor all parties
together, in a single country can beat
back this foroe. Thc Australian worker
cannot be saved alone.
A counter movement, and that
worldwido one, is necessary. Workors
everywhere must unite and stand firm,
else will they fare miserably in mind,
body and estate, so much so that all
present miseries will seem "a paradise
when looked back upon from that agelong agony of the bloody sweat, we
must get it out of our heads that this
mighty urge towards conscription is
for the purpose of defense. The defense
of each country is its pretext.
War Ended Tollers' Dream.
Prior to the present war the working
classes were beginning to como into
their own. Science and invention was
assisting to bring this about; mankind
was beginning to feel itself. The Angers of the/toilers were fumbling with
the key which would release imprisoned
labor—internationalism. True, they
wero only fuhtbling with it; for instance, in making nn international
transport union, in exchanging May Day
greetings across thc frontiers and in
holding international labor congresses
of much promise, but of no great tangible result. Vet their hnnd wns on tho
key, and the capitalist and governing
classes noted it and trembled.
That fear of theirs is the onc great
cause of the recent intensifying of hate
betwoen nations, of the spread of the
gospel of "preparedness," and, nbove
all, of the attempts to mnke n worldwide extension of compulsory militnry
law. So conscription, once sought
mainly for defono-e, is now frantically
pressed by these peoplo because (1) of
its plastic powerful aliapitijigbo habits
and mentnl disposition of^me young
men towards blind obedience and docility towards authority, (2) of its effectiveness towards strikes nnd labor resolutions, (.'!) of its rendering ensy tho
setting up of industrinl conscription,
that corner stone of the servile stato
which the exponents of "efficiency,"
'' preparedness," " national organization" or "greater output" are striving
to build up in every eountry.
For tho exploiter looks forward to
the day when the whole world will bo
regimented for labor, and all men compelled to kiss thc toe of the great god
Regulation; when unionism shall be
broken up, trial by jury abolished and
tho activities of the masses curbed and
controlled by court mnrtials. Thc salt
of our civil law, preventing that queer
compound from utterly rotting, is tho
yary trial—tlie (rial of a man's case by
his equals. The essence of nil his coming regimentation is trial by a man's
"superiors,"
Conscription can not be ultimately
overthrown unless militarism is done
away with; and militarism will never
bo abolished by armies, but by ideas,
by oxpostiro of fraud, by combination,
by sacrifice, by tho determination to
die, but not to yield. Wo muBt not
think that militarism is an evil which
must be left alone till some greater evil
is conquered. Nineteenth and twentieth
century militarism is a new phenomenon, a monstrous, artificially produced
thing, a portent of prodigious size and
organized with a demoniac cunning.
And all round the circle of the earth
this monster is welcomed as a friend
by the powerful and interested few, to
whom jingo-hatred between nations,
war-preparatioji and war-scares are a
source of profit or of increased power,
and who look to military law and universal regulation to bring them security and to maintain them in their seats
of shameful ease.
Militarism's Last Word.
From one point of view conacription
may be described as the last word in
militarism. When the church in the
middle ages could compel men to come
to its priests, worship at its altars, and
pay it homage, it stood nt the zenith of
its world power, having, in the holy
name of Christ the meek and lowly,
placed its foot upon tho necks of the
many and done all it could to crush the
soul and exploit the sacred mysteries
for the worldly benefit of the few. Today militarism, now nearing its zenith,
is seeking to force a universal acceptance to itB worship—to force every man
to become a soldier.
Conscription is not merely a by-product of militarism. The combined
labors of militarism and capitalism
havo produced a Frankenstein monster
which we distinguish as modern militarism. Conscription has invoked tho
fear devil; it has set its trust in numbers; it has organized, not exercised,
cowardice.
Humanity vs. Militarism.
Humanity can do without the German
empire, it can do without the British
or any other empire; it can no longer
do with militarism. Humanity will go
down if militarism is to remain on top.
Most men have forgotten, nowadays,
thnt tbe state is not humanity. During
the last century our minds have been so
directed to the preservation of the
scaffolding that we have forgotten the
house and the master builder. We have
been urged to do so by the vested interests that live on or are buttressed
by militarism—interests to which those
connected with   drink,   gambling and
prostitution are mere pigmies. A monster vatapire has settled upon mankind.
Old-time militarism was the survival
of the half-brute, half-devil pugnacity
ofi the early dawn of man. The modern
phenomenon is not brutal; it is, below
the brute. With a puro-devil militarism are we plagued today; scientific,
long-headed worship of military necessity whose present cry is numbers. In
press and pulpit capital has taken up
this cry; for conscription disciplines the
people, or rather, subordinates all men
and makes them docile to authority.
With its help big money hopies to destroy democracy and establish a new industrial feudalism without the chivalry
and human touch of the feudalism of
the baron and the king.
The merest few of us have yet realized what conscription has already done
in places where it has long been established. It has gripped with military
law and silenced the young men, and it
is these in all lands that are the force
that would make for progress. It haB
created a military atmosphere; it has
fixed its octopus clutch on every branch
of national life in most European countries. Helped by press, pulpit, and governmont influence and contriving, it has
so regimented the world and made so
tense the strain of rival nationality
that, when the time comes, to make a
quarrel and 10,000,000 men rush to the
trenches with a frenzy of destruction,
hailing a maelstrom of slaughter a holy
war.
Granted the continuance of might-
worship, oar present holy war will not
end war. Tbe apothesis of the sword
willi on the other hand, blight and blast
the human race. Our world war may
prove the beginning of an era of alternate fiendish struggle and armed suspicion, (fretful peaee—each struggle more
acute and each peace less peace-like.
Or perhaps a revolution may take a
hand and overturn the seats of the diplomats and the tables of the moneychangers.
Be that as it may, modern militarism
makes slaves of men while directing
them to fight for freedom; it wages
wars in the Interests of a peace that
even before 1914 had become .an artaed
truce; it honors God to dishonor man
made in his image; it proclaims itself
holy and practises all unholiness.
Let us not doubt that great is the
coming struggle; the biggest moral upheaval since the countless Christians
faced death in the Boman arena. But
the sword is not the weapon. War will
not break down war, but the individual
resistance, with God's help can and
will. Neitfter in the fdrm of foreign
invasion scares nor our ruler's threats
should terror decide for us the question
"Shall We Take the Swordf" And
what of the method. Spreading the
sweetness and light of truth is all very
well, but it ia preaching and sacrifice
that counts. Pacifists that merely argue
and expound will never break down
militarism; we want prophets to denounce its sin, to blast its folly, to .expose its frauds, to instill active resist-
ence—of the Christ—not of the big-stick
sort nor to military drill, flag-worship
and fighting. Reasoning, apart from per-,
sonal devotion and personal inspiration,'
is little good. It is thoso who guffer
that lift the1 world forward.
Rheumatism
Uni Cm 8lm If On Wit Mlt
la tks apris> of ists I wm stutks* br
Kumiss sod lnfl.mm.torj Rbeum.tl.rn. I
suffered ss only thos. who bsTo It know, tor
oT.r torso run. I tiled remedy sftsr
remedy, sod doetor tfter dootor. bat nob
relief ts I reoelrod wss only lemportry.
Hatlly, I fonfld t remedy tbst oared mo
oomplelely,  sod It bt.  nerer  returned. I
tlsm, tod tt offeeted t euro la erery eeee.
I wut erery .offerer from toy form ot
rb.am.ltt rreebl. to 17 tbl. mtrr.lou. tea-
let power. Don't rend 0 centi simply mtll
•oar umt ud tddreu ud I wlu end It
tree to try. After yoa htvt need lt.tod
11 bet proreo Itself to be thit loorMokid-for
mesne ot taring yonr Rheumttlim, yoa mty
tend, tho print ot It, one dolltr,Tat, under-
ettod I do not wut you monoy anleu yon
ireperteeuy Minted to tend It lu'l thtt
"if'. Fil nSi' •**■» —aet "ken potltlr.
relief u tins offend yon treet Don't deity
,.   . .        ByreeuM, If. T.
Hr. Jsoksoo ll ntpoulble.     Abort ■!•»•
ment true-Pub. .
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BIO ANIMAL AND DOLL SHOT. CW SATURDAY
—Christmas Toys, Games, Checker Boards, Japanese Dolls, Kewpio Dolls, Elephants, Goats, Bears.
No regular prices. Remember you save on everything here.
HERE'S  SOME  GOOD TOYS—New ones  at salo
prices, too.
Flying Tops, reg. 35c each, for  19c
Charlie Chanlins—a scream for  6c
B6c Flying tBrds for  19c
A SENSATION—NEW ONES
2000 Grabs 10c
Buy one and you will como back for a dosen,
Cement and How to Use It—Radford—$1.00   66c
20th Century Bricklayer's and Mason's Assistant—Hodgson—$1.50 for 61.00
Concrete—G. L.  Sutcllffe—$3.ac for  $2.35
Concrote   Floors  and   Sidewalks—Houghton—
60c for -     40c
Concrote   Silo   Construction—Houghton—80c.    40c
Concrete Chimneys and Roof Tiles,
Warming  Buildings  by  Steam—Briggs—50c.   35c
Radford American Home—$1.25 for     85c
Bevels and Cuts—E. Hardy—60c for     40c
Furniture Ropairing—40c for    30c
Practical House Masonry — Hodgson—$1,10.. 85c
Concretes and Cements—Hodgson—$1.50 for..$1.00
Carpentry  and  Joinery—Harfuck—$3.00  for..$2.00
Carpentry—Townsend—$1.25 for  85c
Keystone to Building—F. I. Thomas—$1.00.... 66c
Eaay Steps for Architecture—Hodgson—$1.50 $1.00
Small Homes and How to Furnish Them—40c. 30c
Low Coat American Homos—Hodgson—$1.25. B6c
Builder's   Architectural   Drawing—Hodgson—
$2.00 for  $1.86
English Architecture—T. A. Atklnnca—$1.25.. 85c
Five Orders of Architecture—Hodgson—$1.50
for  - H.OO
Stepping Stones to Architecture—T. Mitchell—
65c for    460
Inside of a Hundred Homes—Wm. Johnson—
60c for  -     40c
Model Houses for Little Honey—Prloe—60c. 40c
Elementary   Woodworking—E.    W.    Foster—
90c for  „    60c
Modern  House Building—Hodgson—00c  for..    40c
Practical Carpentry—Radford—$2.00 for $1.86
Steel Squares-Hodgson—$1.00 for     65c
Staircase and Garden Steps—G. C. RBthery—
$2.50 for $1.70
Ceiling and Their Decorations—G. C. Rothery
—$2.50 for $1.70
Chimney-pieces and Ingle Nooks—G. C. Rothery—$2.50 for  $1.70
New System of Handraillng—Hodgson—50c. 35c
How to  Measure  Woodwork  for Buildings—
Maginnls—60c for     S5c
Modern   Carpentry   and   Joinery—Hodgson—
$1.00 for    fBc
Common-sense Handraillng—Hodgson—$1.00.'. 66c
Power G*s*and Gas Production—Miller—$1.26
for     860
Practical Wood Carving—Hodgson—$1.50 for $1.00.
Suburban Homes—J. H. Woolflt—»0c for     40c
Practical   Bungalows   and   Cottages—Hodgson
—$1.25 for    85c
Practical Wninkles for the  Plumber—R.  M.
Slarbuck—$1.25 for      85c
Drainage   nnd   Vonting—R.   M.   Starbuck—
$1.25 for     85c
Contract Record Book for Plumber*—75c for.    60c
Kitchen Boiler Connections—$1.90 for  $1.00
Modern Plumbing Illustrated—R. M. Starbuck
—$4.50  for  $3,00
Up-to-date Plumbing—Clow—$1.50 nr $1.00
Johnson's Handy Manual for Plumbers—$1.00
for     65c
Modern    Hot    Water    Heating—Donaldson—
$1,60 for $1.00
Manufacture of Mineral and Lake Pigments—
J. Borsoh—$5.00 for  $3.35
Drying Oils. Boiled Oils and Solid and Liquid
Drier—By Louis G. Andes—$5.00 for  3,38
Dictionary   of   Chemicals   and   itaw   Products
used In paint and color manufacture—G. H.
Hurst—$8.00 for  ,. $2.00
Chemistry   of   PlgmentB—Parry   and   Cook—
$3.00 for ,. $1.36,
Glass Staining and Painting on Glass—Gessert
—     $1.10 for  _    76c
Scumbling  and  Color   Glazing—Millar—$1.25
for      85c
House Painting—Sabin—$1.25 for  -    860
Oil Colors and Printers
$2.76 for
Ink—L, E. Andes-
-,- - $1.85
Raw Material used In paint ans eofor manufacture—M. W. Jones—$2.00 for $1.35
Methods  for Testing  Painters'   Materials—A.
O. Wright—$2.00 for ...' .' $1.35
Gilding, Bronzing and Lacquewnr— Scott-Mitchell—$1.25 for      86C
Buy Sleighs, Coasters, Baby Carriages, Magic Lanterns, Moving Picture Machines, Lantern Slides, Sawmills, Pile Drivers. Bring down the children.  ALL HALF PRICE.
BREAKING UP
The Thomson Stationery Stock
' 325--HASTINCS STREET WEST--325 *~
emmm.
0RI0IA1   PAPEE   VAHOOUVEB
TBIDES  ASD  LABOB   OOTOOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
NINTH YEAR.   No. 40
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING/OCTOBER 5,1917
(Io VaaeeamX
01*7. 8200   )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Refuse
Substitutes
Insist on
Carhartt's
Union Made
Overalls.
Gloves
Trousers
You are entitled to
the very best value
for your money.
Hamilton Carhartt Cotton Mills, Limited
ENTIRE EIGHTH FLOOR WORLD BUILDING
A SUGAR PARADISE
IN THE SOUTH
The Most Degrading Slavery
Still Exists Under the
'Union Jack
A. R. BAKER
407 Hastings street west
DENTIST
■0
Hours: 0 to 6 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phone Seymour 2229 Closed Saturday Afternoons
XBASES UNIONISTS—IS THE MILE SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELIVERED BT UNION LABOB?
If lt ll not Oil op Uu
l
UeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697 >•
ot drop t card to our'office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenuo Eut.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOB EXCLUSIVELY
WS OUABANTEE TO OIVE TOU BATISFACTION—GIVE US A CALL
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.
The finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The
settlers who have gone in there are all boosters, as
they are making good.
_ If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
WELTON BLOCK    -   VANCOUVER, B.C.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRAKSOONTINENTAI.
THB LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQUIPMENT-COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUB NEAREST AGENT OH WRITE
DISTRICT PA88ENOBB AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W, VANCOUVER"
Telephone Seymour 1489
The Place To Clothe Youf Boy
SUITS—Tweeds, Serges and Worsteds to fit boys end youths, 2 to 18
yeorsj made Norfolk, Sports, Pinchback and other styles; good wear*
*   Ing qualities; all prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Velveteen, White Drill and
Serge, in 17 Bises, from 2 years up.
HATB AND CAPS—Up-to-date in many styles,
UNDEBWEAB—Shirts,   Shirtwaists,   Sweaters,   Stockings,   Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjamas, eto,
Of course we are always able to provide for the wants of the grown-ups.
ALL ON SALE NOW
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
MBK'B AND BOYS* OLOTHING
Ttl Sty. 7« ** 809 to 815 Httttagl Stmt Wtft
Why B. T. Rogers and Other
Sugar Kings Are
Patriotic
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Sept. 5.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—The history
books of the world tell us that the Fiji
Islands were taken possession of by
Great Britain in 1876. Today it should
bc said that the sugar trust is the com*
plete owner of those islands, though the
British Union Jack still flies from the
masthead. Shortly after the British
government asBumed ownership, the
sugar trust appeared on the scene, and
after experimenting wtih the black
labor of the islands, found that said
black labor did not take too kindly to
white bosa domination. So it was that
the sugar trust went to India and re*
cruited 40,000 coolies. These coolies
are bond Blaves for a term of five years,
forced to live in compounds—three men
to a hovel measuring 10 feet by 7 feet.
'Although both men and women are re-
craited aB slaves from India, it is but
natural that the sugar trust should pre*
fer men slaves, since the women slaves
Jose too much time in breeding. The
mind can imagine without being told of
some of the sins that thus happen.
Truthful missionaries, in fact, say
crime is rampant and bestiality runs
riot. It was to stem the tide of this
that women were imported at last in
fairish numbers. Under the present
capitalistic syatem there, one woman is
made to serve four men. She iB called
a "vassal." There is also a process of
what is known as free selection, which
iB the cause of all quarrels, murders,
and suicides. To overcome thia of late,
thc plantation managers have devised
the system of apportionment—that is to
say, the women are divided among the
men, and so many men are told that
they muat go to this or that woman.
This, says the capitalists, eases the sexual quarrels. But in spite of the enormous importation of women, there are
today six men to every one woman.
That is why the Fiji islands Ib described as the most degrading sight on earth
—a human piggery—a cesspit of human
obscenity. It is In this hell that the
children are reared. They run around
naked until they Teach the age of 12,
when they are turned into the mills or
fields to work.
Some BrltlBh Democracy.
Men, women and children work under
the task system, which is slavery in
everything, save the name. The hours
are from 5:30 in the morning. The
average wage paid is 22 cents per day
for the men, and 11 cents for the women. That is why at the present time,
owing to the fact that Indian coolie
lubor cannot be got, that the sugar
trust is kicking up such a noise because
they have to pay 30 cents per day for
Chinese labor to work in the cane-
fields. Out of the above miserable
wages, the coollies have to buy their
food and clothing. Rice runB aboat 6
cents per lb., so that the women work
alt duy for, about 2 lbs. of rice. Hence
the coolies are always in a state of
semi-starvation, and thus brain weary
and unable to fight properly against the
hellish conditions. If, through weakness, they can not do their work, their
wages are reduced accordingly—indeed
the average earnings of many of the
men fall to as low aB 8 cents per day.
CaBes are common where mothers, with,
children strapped on their back, too
weak to work, are flogged with horsewhips, while it is a common occurrence
for1 an overseer to bash some poor male
slave in the face with a billet of wood
becauae he is unable to do hiB work
properly.
Llfing In Nank.'V
Murders are common—about 80 per
cent, higher than the murder rate in
India. The capitalist doesn 't mind thiB,
becuuse, owing to sexual or sectarian
differences, the coolies murder each
other. AU Indian coolies, whether
Brahmins, Buddhists or Mahommedans,
are compelled to herd together so that
scraps of the bloodiest nature are not
uncommon because of their religious differences. Conditions tjre depressing,
and suicides among the women nre ex-
tretnely common. Even they say the
living in Fijj is "Nnrck"—whicb, in
their language, meana "hell."
Spiritual Guidance.
Yet despite ull this, the Methodist
church, which has a kind of religious
ownership over the island, tells of the
good work it is doing in Christianizing
the natives. It says in its latest report: "One of the moat marvelous facts
ia tbe wonderful work of God which
has been done on Fiji, where the Methodist church has spiritual control
over 90 per cent, of population." The
sugar trust, of course, blesses the work
of the church, also. It builds churches
for the mission free of charge, because
the church has taught the coolieB to
shirk not, and to strike not, but to be
docile and cheerful on 8 cents per day,
but to believe that they are children
of God, ond undergoing this torture
that they may see and relish the true
nature of the Christian God.
Is it nny wonder that the Indian
coolies, after having done their five
years' toil, refuse to work nny longer
for the white master! They have openly said that they would prefer to woTk
for Chinese or Japanese taskmasters.
So awful hove grown the conditions
that representations are now made to
the British government to not only prohibit the traffic In slaves from India,
but to see that decent conditions are
imposed in Fiji as well. Ai would be
guessed, the sugar truat hu iti representatives in Britain, advocating a continuance of the old syatem. What side
the church is going to take in the matter has not yet been declared.
I have said that they start work In
Fiji at the hour 5:30 in the morning.
ALBERTA'S NEW M.L.A.
L
MISS ROBERTA CATHERINE MACADAMS, Lieut. C. A. M. C., atliched to Ontario Military hoipltal, Orpington, who hu
been elected to the Alberta legislature under
the Military Representation Aot. She w«r
employed formerly by the department of agriculture of Alberta at organlier ot Women7!
Institute! and lecturer and teacher of food
•ubjecti. She alio organlied the department
of houtehold art in the public schools of Ed*
monton, acting as supervisor for two years
Erior to enlistment for active service. She
ai done valuable work as dietitian at Orpington, having oversight of all kitchens,
preparation of foods, special dietary foods,
organisation of household staffs, etc. She la
the daughter ol Robert MacAdsms, retired
editor of the Sarnia Canadian, a sistr of
Mn. W. J. Hanna) wife of the Dominion
Food controller. Wm. MacAdams, an old
Kootenalan, well-known tn the newspaper
and Labor world of Vanconver, later manager
of the Edmonton Dally Capital, but now
"getting the money" In the mining fields of
northern B. O., Is a brother.
AND IKY
Convention Will Be Held in
Labor Temple Next
Tuesday Night
Long before that b.our, they are on
their way to the fields, in rain or dew,
with their cane knives in their hands-
women and men alike. If the women
are in child, or have children strapped
to their back, so much the worse <or
the children. They stand belly-deep in
the wet vegetation and black-mud cutting and slashing at the weeds nnd
other growth. Their whole bodies soon
become covered and fouled with the
sticky mud and decayed vegetable mntter. Many of them suffer from the consumptive cough, but work on just the
samo. Maay women are engaged to
carry seed-cane on their heads in bundles perhaps for a mile over slippery
roads, up and down steep hilla, and
placing the cane in the drills, and cutting it with their knives. No Man
with the Hoe about thia, but a woman
goaded on by a native "sardar," who
sees to it that no loafing is done.
No Place for Slacken.
Every morning, crowds of the women,
shaking with the consumptive cough,
line up before the "sahib" craving
permission to go to the hospital. Often
they are cursed for "shamming," other
times they are given permission to walk
to the hospital—two milefl off—and the
samo distance back again. Often they
are unable to do the daily work alloted
to them, and in such cases as stated
above, they are paid, in proportion to
the work they have done. Not one
cent's grace is allowed and the bosses'
word is their bond. Often they work
in the tropical rainfalls, which rise as
high as 3 inches in a storm, and being
compelled to give up, are paid for what
they have done only.
The '-Creche.".
I have said that some of the women
have babies—at least they get them occasionally. If they prefer, they can
leave them in the plantation creche,
provided by the sugar trust, at a cost
of 8 cents per day. So that what really
happens is that thc sugar trust then
gets their full day's labor at THBEE
CENTS PEB DAY. These creches
would make the heart of any mother
ache. They are dark wooden houses
without windows, and with concrete
floors. A couple of rough sticks are
nailed acreaB the rooms, and from these
sticks are slung rude cots of beds and
old bags. In these the black babies
sprawl, with swarms of flea to keep
them company. It is enough to make
a white man shudder.
Such are the conditions under which
the Indian coolies—Britishers—work in
the Fiji islands. Any socialist writer
amlous to make a name in quick time,
cannot do better than pay this part of
the British empire a visit. The Australian representative of this journal hopes
to lund there before long to gather information for a book on tbe subject.
[The B. C. Sugar Eefinery draws at
least a considerable portion of its raw
sugar from its Fiji slave plantation,
known as Vancouver Fiji]—Editor Fed-
erationiBt.
RAPIDLY INCREASING
FED.'S CIRCULATION
Lnat week the Vancouver TeamBters'
union added more than 500 nameB to
The Federationist mailing list; making
a grand total addition for the week
of more thao GOO.
This week the Michel, B. C, Miners'
union, with a membership of around
1200, sends along a substantial cheque
in advance on subscription account andv
Secretary Richard Beard assures The
Fed. that more will follow, as thc membership like "thc only Labor paper
in B.C."
In addition to all thc union paper
makers of Powell River, the memberB
of the recently-organized workers in
and around the big paper mill are endeavoring to have the union subscribe
ia a body, pnying tbe nmount monthly,
as so many of the other B. C. unions
are now doing.
The subscription rate to uniona is
$1 n year. For instance, where the
membership of a union waB, Bay, 120,
the amount to be paid monthly would
be |10, not much of a hardship and "it
helps a lot,"
The management of The Federation-
lit Is trying to deserve success in building up the best Labor paper in Canada.
Every union can help.
How about it!
To Select Anti-Conscription
Working    Class
Candidates
Following out the decision of the B.
C. Federation of Labor to place candidates in the field at the forthcoming
federal elections, a Labor convention
for the purpose of nominating candidates for the ridings of Burrard and
South Vancouver will be held in room
301, Labor Temple, next Tuesday night.
It ib expected that not only will candidates be named to contest these ridings againBt the Tories and Grits, but
that the platform upon which these
candidates will run and their policy will
be announced.
The convention Ib entirely in the
hands of the delegates, who will represent the variouB unions here on the
same basis aa the representation to the
B. C. Federation of Labor. This is one
delegate for every one hundred members, and one additional .delegate for
•every additional hundred membera or
fraction thereof.
Whoever the candidates decided upon
will be, they will be against the principle of conscription of ma,n power and
belong to the working class. Laborites
in Vaneoaver are strong enough to elect
their men if the members of organized
labor will stick together. So the chances
seem 'very good that Vancouver will
send Labor members to the next Canadian parliament.
Tho convention will probably be called to order by J. H. McVety, vice-president of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
who, with Victor B. Midgley, business
agent of the Trades and Labor council,
are the committee having charge of
the arrangements.
ABMAGEDDON
Deputy Turati  (Socialist)   in Oiornale
d'ltalla  (Rome).
The various capitalist states have
thrown themselves into the war thinking to direct it and dominate it; but it
is the war itself which dominates them.
They are impotent to solve the problem,
frightened of its continuance, still more
frightened of its coming to an end,
which can now be brought about only
by the victory of thoae forces which are
outside the capitalist states, and which
the war itself strengthens	
The most terrible day for them (the
capitalist states) will be the. day of
peace—or at best the day after. They
have the psychology of the gambler
who is always losing and always hoping
to win, And to them the voice of the
dissentient socialist ia like the voice of
a man who tries to reason with the
gambler and reproaches him bitterly in
order to Bave himself from the abyss.
A man is thought a knave, a fool,
A bigot plotting crime;
Who for the advancement of his" kind
Is wiser than his time.
For him the gibbet shall be built,
For him the stake prepared,
For him the hemlock Bhall distil,
For him the axe be bared.
Him Bhnll the scorn and hate of men
Pursue with deadly aim,
And envy, malice, hatTed, lies,
Shall desecrate his name.
—Robert Burns.
"We Hake/11 We Sell-
"We Sell All We Make"
Reciprocity.
_   A simple and effective method of
assisting in the publication and usefulness of The Federationist is to patronize its advertisers and tell them why.
_   Ask to be served by a union clerk
and insist upon union-labelled goods.
_   Costs little—helps a lot.    Try  it.
'Are you a trampJ"   "No, mum,
ii a food conserve!
any old food you don
I'm a food conscrver.   Have you got
H wont wasted!"
All you expect; all you
hope for—that we promise
you in a Semi-ready Suit or
Overcoat.
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you
will be satisfied with—
We want you to come—to
come and welcome, whether
'tis to buy or but to see.
You'll be pleased and we'll
be glad to show you the new
designs which mark the
Drift of Fashion.
$15 to $40.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 Granville St.
  ■ ^^^   ^^5   _^^^
Have you a medicine chest in your house?
You ought to have one—stocked with a full line of standard
remedies.
Such provision—especially at this season of the year—-nfty-
make it possible to ward off a case of severe illness, with all
that this means in loss of time and  dscomfort.
Wc carry a full line of such remedies—pure, fresh, standard
lines, and we offer them at a reasonable price*
Wo give prompt, courteous and roliablc Bervice at sii centrally located
stores in Vancouver.
To out-of-town residents we offer a mnil order service giving the same advantages as we give over our counters. y
VANCOUVER DRUG
.    > CO., LTD.
SIX STORES      CENTRAL LOCATIONS    SUPERIOR SERVICE
MAIN STOKE:
405 Hastings St. W. phones Sey. 1905 4 less t-
BBANOH STOKES:
782 OranvUle Stmt Seymour WIS
2714 Orsnrtle Stmt E17. 2314 * 17440
412 Main Strset Seymonr 2032
2093 Fourth Ave. West Bar. 153S
1700 Commercial Drive High. 23S It 17SSO
 i r
If Y6u Have Plans for a
Fall Coat or Suit
—Come on down today to Ledyware—see
a whole store full of FALL GARMENTS
right out on open display—and all mtde in
Vancouver.
So simple—you can wait on yourself if
you want to—look them over—have a try-on
—ask all the questions you like.
Dozens and dozens of '
FALL COATS
Running from $15 to $50
Those at
$25, $27.50 and $30    v
are the moat in demand—and they are certainly worthy your earnest consideration.       *
LADIES' SUITS $20 to $50
with those at $23.90 and $26 attracting much
attention.
564 GRANVILLE STREET
OPPOSITE DKYSDALE'S
- -..-clssTiuCii*Imitnsl**.*.. .....v..m
™.„.JlJnioiwna<te Cigars.
'iMSaSESG?
f.W.OivttW,****.
"  CMIU.//,
When Buying a Cigar See that this TOION Bine Label Is on tht box
Thanksgiving Day
Outings on the B. C.
Electric Lines
Make the best use of the last public holiday
before Christmas by revisiting those places
reached so conveniently and comfortably by
trolley.
The North Shore
Capilano, Lynn Valley,
Seymour Creek or Grouse
Mountain are now to be
seen at their best. Take
North Vancouver ferry
and north shore cars.
Triangle Trolley Trip
Spend a pleasant afternoon on the interurban
cars to New Westminster,
Round trip fare 35 cents;
taken any route.
Fraser Valley Trips
Our fare and third rates
on thc Fraser Valley line
will got you cheaply to
thc best fishing streams.
Tickets selling Saturday
to Monday; good for return until Tuesday.
Phone us as to thc latest
reports about the Serpentine, Nicomekl or Vedder.
Be sure you have "A
Handy Guide for Fishermen" with you.
Other Suggestion for a Holiday
Stanley Park Little Mountain      Hastings Park
Jericho Beach
Central Park
Steveston
For information, telephone Seymour 5000; ask for
"Railway Information."
Complaints and constructive criticism  always receive
prompt and courteous attention.
J PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
life.
•ubllahod every Friday morning by tb* B. C.
Federatlonist. Limited
E, Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St,
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1,50 per year; in Vancouver
Oity, $2.00; to unions subscribing
fin a body, $1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New WeatminstBr...*...._,...W. Yatoi, Box 102lJ zon do not mean what they spell
Prince Rupert	
Victoria	
. D. Macdonald, Box 368
...A. S. Wells, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor:  tbe Hops of tbe World"
FBIDAY October 5, 1917
DURING THE YEARS of comparative peace preceding tho present
war, the slow, the almost imperceptible approach of the social revolutionary storm, was the despair of the
enlightened      and
HASTENING progressive thinkers
WHIRLWIND OF of the. earth who
REVOLUTION. longed for its coming. Earnestly and
ith never flagging zeal did they put
orth their beat efforts along tho Hne
f awakening the more apathetic and
idifferent, to the wrongs perpetrated
..pon them by the brutal slave regime
under whioh labor has been outruged
and robbed for centuries. With an
eloquence born of truth and lofty purpoie did they proclaim the storm that
WW gathering and beseech their fellows
to prepare to forfend its horrors by recognizing the necessity of --*""—* •- *al
readjustments to meet the nuw ...
tions and by taking the necessary steps
to bring about those changes, by the
exercise of hutoan reason- and human
judgment, rather than that they should
be left to come in whirlwinds of revolution that should shake the world and
drench its soil with human blood But
their efforts were in vain. The dull
and apathetic multitude waB too stupid
to be reached by the message of reason
and common sense. Too blind to recog-
cognize their slavery, the vast majority
of the workers of all lands continued to
dwell in the fool 'a paradise of a fancied
freedom. In no other part of the earth
is this more true than of this North
American continent, and in no part of
that is it so emphatically true, as in
the United States.
* ♦      •
But at last the storm broke.    The
long pent up forces of a veritable hell,
that have been slowly engendered in
human society down through the dark
ages of human agony and terror, that
have intervened since the first ruler
seized the authority to rule and rob his
fellows and the first alave was shackled
and beaten into submission to that rule
and to that robbery, burst forth in a
veritable deluge of blind fury and demonical rage. No ruler or ruling class
>ver ruled for any other purpose than
;hat of robbing those over whom they
held sway. Human slavery is the cornerstone of all robbery. Chattel slaves
were robbed of their freedom in order
that they might be robbed of the fruits
of their labor. Feudal serfs were robbed of their freedom in order that they
might be robbed of the fruits of their
labor. Wage slaves (including farmers,
who themselves till the soil) are also
robbed of all freedom in order that they
may be robbed of the fruits of their
labor. Civilization has been built upon
that ever since it announced ita advent
npon the stage of human.events by the
arrival of the first ruler and the first
slave. The atory of that civilization is
written upon' the page of history by the
trail of blood and agony that leads from
that first ruler and alave right down to
slavery's Armageddon. And slavery's
Armageddon Is now on.
* *      *
It is of little use to spend time in
arguing as to who or what started the
present world row. Enough to know
that it is in full awing, and that like all
previous wars, it springs from human
slavery. .That has been the underlying
cause of thehi all. Bulers have ruled
and robbed and have fought one
against another over tbeir respective
rights to do so, or over the plunder
they have taken from their respective
victims. With no slavery there can be
io robbery, for the only manner in
irhich slavery can express itself is by
•obbery. Without slaves to be plunder-
id, thero would be nothing for men to
go to war about. The desire of one
man, or sent of men, to enslave and
plundor (the terms are synonymous)
others, was what started the delightful
business in the first instance way back
in the dim and distant past. There
can be no other motive behind war
than that of plunder. It does not lessen the crime nor sanctify the motive
by calling it business.
I- *      *      *
Few perhaps recognized the European
outbreak as slavery's Armageddon, during those first fateful days in 1914,
when the dogs of class rulo went mad.
Trobably few are yot nwnre of it. But
there nro numerous signs upon the horizon heralding thc fact. But strungfl
indeed aro thc moves often hmclu upon
the chessboard of events by the hand
of dctitiny. Somewhere in tlie gfldd
book it says that, "the lirst shall bn
last and the lost shall be firBt," or
words to that effect. At tho outlireak
of the present impleusiinlncHH, Russia
was probably tho most reactionary
country on earth. Its rulers were at
loaat thc most reactionary, brutal ami
unprogreasive anywhere to be found.
Nothing more vicious, conscienceless,
execrable and ferocious has ever been
recorded in history thon the rulo of
those brutes and ruffians, that constituted the Russinn ruling class during
the years immediately preceding tho
outbreak of the present war. Upon the
)ther hand, the United States was gen-
irallir acknowledged to be tho most
politically advanced and democratic
eountry on earth. But something has
happened that haa completely reversed
tho appearance of things. Russia went
into this war tho living exemplification
of aU that is autocratic, reactionary and
vile in the noble art of ruling, robbing
and torturing. The slaves have risen
against that brutal thing, and today
Russia stands as the sole exponent
among nations,-of democracy nnd all
that stands for social progress and a
bettor and nobler civilization. Tho
daves of the United States havo not
•ison, but the ruling class has flung off
;he mnBk of hypocrisy nnd pretense and
disclosed itself as thc most reactionary
and reckloss ruling class in.history. No
more complete repudiation of all that is
democratic and progressive and nn more
emphatic affirmation of all thut is autocratic und reactionary, has over boon
mado by any government on earth than
has boen made by that of the United
States in its actions growing out of this
war. As Russia now represents the advance guard of democracy and political
aud social progress, so docs ihe United
States represent the rear guard of all
that is autocratic and reactionary in
present society. Yea, verily, "tho first
shall be hist and the last shall be first,""
But the blind and reckless forces of
autocracy and reaction that are now
running rampant in the United States
are but stirring up the storm and conjuring forth the hurricane that will
prove their swift and ultimate undoing.
Either that or the signs upon the horizon do not mean what they spell. The
sudden adoption of Prussian tactics and
oppressions; the impudent and arrogant
imposition of the vilest of military
brutality and degradation upon a peoplo for generations nurtured upon at
least traditions of democracy and liberty; the insulting inouthings nnd low
accusations of a horde of vulgar Roose-
velts and verbally-intoxicated Gerards,
aimed at the real defenders of democracy, and all that is progressive and
commendable in social and political
life; the silly mud stinging at members
of legislative bodies who refuse to surrender their manhood and betray their
country by meokly smothering their
convictions at the behest of ruling class
madness; the vicious persecutions of
labor men and the raw attempts to take
their lives by judicial murder; theoffi-
cint winking at the lynching of a Frank
Little; the filling of jails with conscientious objectors and woman suffrage petitioners and the practice upon them of
even lower and more cruel treatment
than ever the ingenuity of the Czar's
vile ruffians was ever able to devise
for the victims of hia vicious rule; the
allowing of hoodlums in military uniform to break up meeting of decent
citizens and commit other ruffianly acts
and offences againat both persons and
I property; theae and the thousand and
ono infamies that are not only being allowed but encouraged by the authorities are unmistakably and swiftly mobilizing the progressive and decent
thought of the country upon some line
of action that will bring the reactionary
and Prussian-aping rulers of Uncle
Sam's bailiwick to a swift and sharp
accounting. We confidently look for a
most sweeping and significant political
turnover in tho United States within
the immediate futuro. It is a country
whose political history has been marked
with swift action and sudden chnnge.
Never were such powerful agencies at
work to make swift and drnBtic change
not only possible, but inevitable, as
now. Unless the people of that country
do wake up and act intelligently along
lines calculated to preserve their poor
liberties before it is too late, thoy will
loarn some fine day why an army of a
million men, which for moro reasons
than one, cannot be taken to Europe, has
been created in their midst and why 16
army cantonments have been judiciously distributed throughout tho land. Also
some conscript slaves will some day
wake up to the why and tho wherefore
of their predicament. In the meantime
their procious rulers are doing their
level best to hasten the whirlwind of revolution, and to so prepare the ground
as to insure its sweeping success.
M
AN NEVER had a moro loyul
and   faithful  friend  than   the
dog.   While it ia true there is
a property relationship existing between
them, a relationship that expresses itself    in    the    legal
THE DOG terms  of  ownership,
AND THE of master and dog, it
WAGE SLAVE, does not arise from
the condition thnt
usually attaches to property, when the
term is used in tho ordinary sense of
boing -something that brings sustenance
to the owner without cost of effort on
his part. It is in the nature of an
ownership that is mado imperative by
the necoBsity of some legal provision
that will prevent tho destruction of the
ties of frj-eiidflhip and affection betweon
the man and.his dog, at the hands of
brutal and violent intervention upon
the pnrt of othors. If tho dog bo torn
from 'his master, the latter will not ne*
ccssnrily suffer a pencuninry loss, but
the Iobs of the lovo and companionship
of hjs canine friend might cause him
far greater anguish, might much more
cruelly wrench his heartstrings, thnn
the loss of many shekels. And it is a
well-known fnct that anguish and Buffering of tho faithful dog when torn
from thoso for whom he has an undying affection, is often apparently more
intense than that of the human animal
under similar bereavement.
But it is not a matter of wonderment
thnt the dog Bhould manifeat such
strong affection for and loynlty to his
maBter and others of close and intimate
association. Does not his master feed
him? Does not his master shelter him
ngainst the storm and thc cold? Does
not hiB master take him with him upon
his travels and admit him to thc closest
and most confidential relationship!
Small wonder that he manifests the
most ndniirablo and undying loynlty to
onc who treats him with such tender
regnrd and such great consideration.
Smnll wonder that he will even Iny
down his life in defense of that master
who trents him so kindly and to whom
he is bound by such unbreuknble ties of
gratitude ond nffectionnte regard.
Under such i-ircumstan'-es, and in view
of such facts, wo need affect no surprise that the dog will not only loudly
bark but determinedly and savagely
bite in defense cf his'mnstcr nnd that
mnsters' interests, without even the necessity of his master frying "seek
Vm." In order to prompt'him to his
duty.
* *       ♦
The wage slave feeds hi- master. The
wage slave clothes his master. Thc
wage slnve shelters his master. The
wnge slave provides for all the necessities nnd even tho extrnvagnijcos of his
master. He receives nothing from the
hands of his mnstcr. Whntcver ho docs
receive from bis master may be figuratively said to come to him by way of
his maBter's foot, and, also figuratively spenking, it is given to him
where it will do him the hiost good in
toughening his mentality to tho proper
stage to allow him to sit in becoming
humility and cnlm repose at thc feet of
the master clnss, rising only upon occasion when it is necessary to receive further gifts of well-earned and well-deserved rebuke.
* *       *
As the rolntions existing between the
wage slave nnd his muster are altogether contrary to those between thc dog
and his mastor, one would senrco expect their conduct towards their respective masters to bear any pronounced
similurity. One would not -expect to
discover tho finmo undying loynlty tn
the masters' ^interest expressed in the
ense of the wage slnvo ns in that of the
dog. But strange though it may seem,
thc dog has nothing on tho wage slave
when it comeB down to fenlty to his
master, and devotion to his comfort
and well-bring. It is said of the dog
that he will upon occasion even kiss the
hand that wields the lash, but even so,
is it not the hand that also feeds himf
The wage Blave will figuratively kiss
the foot that delivers the kick to his
anatomy, whilo the kick is directed,
not by one who feeds, clothes and shelters him, but by one who is thus cared
for by the very recipient of the kick,
himself.
* * *
The dog will loudly bark and most
viciously bite in defense of the master
and his property rights, without being
prompted to do ao other thnn, presumably, by tho love nnd gratitude ho
bears for he who foeds and otherwise
kindly treats him. The wage slave will
do the same thing with a spontaneous
gusto and vigor that is truly commendable, but why he will willingly light,
bleed and die for the master class that
continually robs, tortures and spurns
him, is beyond human ken. Sometimes
in anger we apply tho term "dog" to
him with the intont of heaping contumely upon him, and classing him as
something low, servile, mean and vile.
But we fail of our purpose, for by calling him dog wo attribute to him virtues which he docs not possess, and we
but heap insult 'upon that faithful
friend and compatriot of mun; that noble canine soul that joyously nnd generously makes payment in sincere affection and loyal service for tho kind
treatment accorded him by those whom
tho world calls his masters. We can
understand him, but the wage alave,
nover. He ia to be classed among the
impossible, tho imponderable, the immeasurable, the immovable, the immutable, the impermeable, the imporous
things of this mundane existence, that
appear to have been created for the
purpose of) acting aB a wooden sprag to
chock the whools of human progress,
But tho dogf Hie is sure all right,
That's what's the matter with him.
A BEAM OF LIGHT
Tho Gorman nation collective]3- Is vory
efficient. Thore can be nn-aoubt about
that. But neither la there any doubt
that the ruling class of Germany In as
stupid and Inefficient a class as thero
Is to bo found In any country. That
this class could hold its own so long Is
simply a proof of the politicnl immaturity of the Genuan people lt is a disgrace to every man of trerman blood
that Germany is still controlled by a
kaisor and a yunker class, while evon
China has gotten rid or tut emperor
and the ManchuB, The Gorman Social-
Democracy, In Us great tight against
capitalists and the capitalist system,
has overlooked that the remnants of. tho
feudal system, including tho monarchy
and nobility, must be swept out before
a new and hotter world can bo ushered
in successfully. A person \,:,o knows
the theory and history of the Social-
Democratic party will not for one moment doubt thc intentions of tho Gorman Socialists. Tho monarchy and yunker class—which, by the wny, is responsible for the Luxburgs and all the other
Gorman "diplomats"—will bo put out
of commission immediately after tho war.
But it could do no harm if the great
Gorman Social-Democracy (both tho -
majority and the minority factions)
would in some way give tho world onco
more positive assurance In that direction,—Milwaukee Leader.
It is indeed refreshing to find an occasional beam of light breaking through
the cloud of dull vacuity that issues
forth from alleged socialist founts of
wisdom, in regard to why and how the
world is being ront and torn by the
awful holocaust of war. It is quite
easy to declare that all wars are fought
for trade. It is evidently far easier to
parrot that aterooty pod phrnso than to
do a little thinking. And the disposition to avoid the laborious necessity of
"bending the brow in thought," by resorting to thc utilization of pinto matter, utterly regardless of its intrinsic
wortli. is not altogether unknown
around editorial sanctums.
Once our pacifists nnd other pcuce
howlers awake to n realization that the
present terrific clash of arms is nothing
bat the final stage in the age-long struggle between feudalism and capitalism,
they will cease their foolish cry of
"peace, where there can be no peace."
They will then .fervently pray, that the
glorious- conflict inay continue until
parent (feudalism) and child (capital-
ism) are both washed into oblivion by
tho bloody bath. And did we but feel
disposed to prophesy we should say thnt
is just about what is happening.
Having reached that profound con
dusion, wo picked
..October 5, 1917
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Oct 7—Sawyers and
Filers, Steam Shovel and
Drodgomeh, Bartenders, Moving Picture Operators.
MONDAY, Oct. 8—Teamsters'
Committee, Boiler Makers,
Steam Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Pattern Makers,
Amal. "Engineers, Iron Workers, U. B, Carpenters No. 617,
Bro. Loco. Engineers,    Stroet
1    Bailwaymen's Executive,
TUESDAY, Oct. 9—Nominating
Convention, Pressmen, Stone
Cutters, Barbers, Butchers and
Ment Cutters.
WEDNESDAY, Oct 10—Metal
Trades/ Council, Stereotypers,
Stroet Eailwnymen, Teamsters
and Chauffeurs.
THUBSDAY, Oct. 11—PainterB,'
Machinists No. 182, Sheet
Metal Workers, Shipwrights
and Caulkers.
FRIDAY, Oct. 12—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen, Shipyard Laborers, Plumbers, Timber Workers No. 3. '
but for their own ignorance, the ignorance of their own time, j-nst as the
slaves of the present are paying a similar bill for the ignorance of their class
right now.
A daily paper says that it has been
estimated that thc war has already
cost $100,000,000,000; nine and three-
quarter million have been killed and
twelve million moro have been crippled
for life. In view of such trifling oost,
and at the aame time taking into con*
sideration the noble purpose of making
"the world, safe for democracy," especially the kind we now have, it
Bhould be permissible to kill every pacifist on sight. There can be no reasonable excuse for their existence in our
most glorious civilization. Of course,
should the cost of the war run up to
unreasonable proportions, a few of the
detestable broed might be tolerated in
order to give expression to the skimmed milk philosophy of peace and keep
thc memory of the gentle Nazarene
fresh and green in case we again find
it politic to profess his faith in order
to evade penalty for our sins and cheat
tho devil of what ia his due on our
account.
Forty conscript military, slavos on
their wny to join the parade of their
fellows en route to Camp Lewis, mounted an auto truck loaded with rock and
cement, in Snn Francisco last Saturday,
nnd attacked overy street car of the
United Railways that they mot, with a
shower of stones. Windows were
broken and passengers scared stiff. Several were severely cut with flying glass.
The rioters wore rounded up by the
police and as soon as it was discovered that they were conacript BlavoB they
were turned over to their military owners, to be fininshed off for punishment
upon the fields of bloody Europe. As
there is a striko now on ngainst the
United Railways und the company's
cars arc manned only by strikebreakers, it may bo readily soon that the
rioters must havo been financed by
German money. Otherwise the slaves
would have expended their efforts
against tho socialists or tho I. W. W.
and thus patriotically holped to make
the "world safe or democracy."
Just to make it clenr to thick-headed
idiots, who can grasp a truth only when
it has boen pounded into thom with a
club, what a military establishment in
the last analysis is roally for, Colonel
C. E. Dentler, U. 8. A., announcos at
Portland, Ore., that ho will send a
special trninload of troopB to Astoria,
Ore, to "prevent Industrial Workers
of tho World from endonvoring to coerce employees of the Hammond Lum
up the Milwaukee  l*r mill thcre to striko, in Bympathy
Leader of tho day following that which
of statesmen as any other country is
blessed or cursed with, as the case
might be. The "food controller" must
do something to earn tho some thousands of dollara that he and his rather
expensive staff will sap up out of the
public funds, and thus justify thc addition of that expense to the financial
burden incurred in consequence of the
present ruling class "Donnybrook
Fair.'' But it ia to laugh. Could any
other animals pull off such ridiculous
stunts, and do it in all seriousness?
That riproaring Nebraska zephyr,
yclept William Jennings Bryan, ho of
the loud voice and the Chautauqua
choek that hath brought him much
lucre, is now an advocate of blood and
thunder in' a manner that puts that
other spectacular ass, kaiser "Bill Ho-
henzollern" in the class of third-raters.
This Nebraska article may be reinem-
bered as a lugubrious pacifist during
the earlier months of the present war,
who was chock ftill of soulful platitudes aboat doves of peace and pious
utterances about Christ-like conduct
and the power of lovo. Some thought
he lost his job as secretary of state because of this effervescence of godliness,
but it was not so. He just tumbled
out becauso he wub not big enough to
stay in and hold the job. If he can
stir the multitude to deeds of warlike
valor with the same success that he
stirred that multitude to respond to his
silver asininity in the days when he
ran for the presidency of the republic,
the European war will last for some
months yet. For an all around false
alarm and spectacular exhibition of
stale wind, windy Bill of Nebraska has
every raucous ass on this continent
beaten clear off the boards except Col.
Bombastea Furioso Roosevelt. Bryan
can't even touch him.
BIRKS' DIAMOND
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at (25, $30, $35, $40, $50, $75 and  up,
every way.
are  guaranteed in
GEM PERFECTION—the quality above all others desired by the diamond purchaser, is evident in all Birks' Diamonds. They are selected
only after the most exhaustive tests.
Wo invite you to see our displays of rings nnd other jewellery, and to
note the reasonable prices.
(An announcement from
this space each week.)
'Canada's National Jewellers" will appear in
Henry Birks & Sons Limited
Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C.
For the iirst time in the history of
economic movements, citizens en masse
deported strikebreakers from the scene
of a strike. This occurred in Kansas
City recently. The atreet car men,
though unorganized into unions, were
driven to revolt because of intolerable
conditions. For eight days not a street
car appeared on the city streets. The
company gathered a large band of
strikebreakers and housed them in the
car barns. Suddenly tho citizens rose
masse and attacked the bams,
broko doors and windows and drove the
strikebreakers into the streets. Here
they were surrounded by strikers and
other unionists, who formed rings about
them by joining hands, and protected
from the fury of tho crowd as they
marched them to the Union station and
sent them out of the city. On tho way
to the station they were followed by
thousands of angry citizens, who
hurled curses and j>eers nt them and no
doubt would havo inflicted more serious injury upon them had it not been
for the protection afforded by thc
strikers, As it was, cowering with fear
and with their hands hold high abovo
their heads in tho march of several
milos, the strikebreakers, abject and
beaten, shrank close to the men whose
jobs they wero to take, seeking protection. Strange to relate, tho settle-
hiont was brought ubout by the activity
of business men, many of them employers of thousands of men and women,
and, stranger still, THE NEWSPAPERS TOLD THE TRUTH ABOUT
THE STRIKE AND THE WAGES
AND HOURS OF THE FORMER
STREET CAR EMPLOYEES.
J. E McVETY IS ONCE
MORE ELECTED PRESIDENT
(Continued from page 1)
enrried tlie abovo quoted beam of light
and read therein a Berger editorial on
"The Cause and Curo of War," thut
contained all of thc tiresome old stereotyped junk aboat "trnde rivalries and
competition for marketV long since
worn threadbare by surface-skimmers
and well-meaning though unconscious
pcddlora of innocuous piffle. And then
wo realized as if by revelation, that
the referred to beam of light must huve
boen introduced Into the Leader's columns by the office boy while Berger
was out at lunch.
Vico-president Marshall, tn an address ut New York city recently, stated
"thnt thc world cannot be made safe
for murder nnd arson nnd pillage nnd
anarchy and everything for which tho
Syndicalist and tbe I, W. W. mny
stand." Quite true, brother, quite true.
But, by the wny, excuse us for mentioning it, but n-eithcr the syndicalist
nor the I. W. W. nre responsible for the
delightful exhibition of "murder nnd
nrson and pillage and anarchy'
being pulled off for the glory und grnti
float ion of an admiring ruling vims
world, over in Europe just now. At
least let us give them credit for that.
They may bo a murderous lot, but somebody has gut thom skinned at thi* murder, arson, pillage and anarchy gume.
A bunt the chonpost hypocrisy and
most nrnnt humbug peddled by thc
vulgar hpolcglsts for the low down
schemes of capitalists nnd rulers to
put the deadly cinch of tlieir baneful
profitmongorlng game upon the generations yet to come, Ib that of the pro-
tense thnt tho present war is fought
for the benefit of thoso who arc to
live nfter us, nnd consequently that
the future ought to bc compelled to
pay nt least a part of thc bill. Stripped
of all humbug nnd nonsense thc fnct
remains, that this wnr is being fought
by men now living. It is being pnid
for by mon now living, either by their
lnbor or by their lives. It is being
fought becnuso of rensons now existing ond for purposes of the present.
Tho clash of arms upon the fields of
Europo is now. It is not of the future.
Tho future will neither profit nor pny
on acount of it. Tho future will not
even owe thanks to the present, if the
chains of slavery thnt now curse the
toilera of tho earth nro to bo handed
down 'to fhat future re-rivetted. re-
forged and re consecrated to thc lofty
purpose of fattening idle and useless
capitalist parasites, and furthering the
vulgar and bloody ambitions of their
intellectual nnd spiritual stool pigeons
and strong arm ruffians of the club
and gun. And (hut is just what this
war financing, so as to "mako the future pay the bill," n mounts to. And
tho jnko of it all is that tho slaves nf
the future will lie paying, not a bill for
services rendered to them in tho pnst,
with Seattle strikers, against ten-hour
lumber. The Hammond mill ia working on aeroplane Bpruce." This clearly
shows how tho "world is to bo made
safe for democracy," of the capitalist
brand, of course. And yet there are
many of ub who still believe the mission
of the soldier to bo something more
manly and honorable than that of
strike-breaker nnd slave herder. Can
it be possible that wc are victims of
a delusion? Wo would not can to admit it for fear of being pinched for sedition or publicly pilloried as nflicted
with rank pro-Germanism.
William Rnsskelley and David Gow-
dy, two powdermen, paid thc "supremo
sacrifice'' in the front trenches of capitalist Industry at Victoria on Aug. 28.
They were engnged in blasting operations upon the Songhees reserve, nnd
wero killed by a prcmaturo explosion of
aboat 100 pounds of dynamite. Their
names will not bc Inscribed upon anv
other roll of honor than that of the
thousands of the slaves of capitalism
who yearly pass into the grout beyond,
"unwept, unhonorod und unsung," by
the callous world about them, becnuso
they havo no other standing in H thon
ns mere cogs ln its profit producing
mechanism. They wore overalls, They
were not clad in the garb of strutting
braggarts. They made the "supremo
sacrifice" in peaceful pursuits. Thev
did not seek their brother's blood with
tho lust of killing in their hearts. That
is why their names will not nppenr upon
honor's roll, iu the scroll of ruling class
history. They will be forgotten ns
among the "sluckers." while those who
pay the "sacrifice" whilo imbruing
their hands in tho blood of others will
bo listed among tho "heroes." Such is
the dictum of our boasted* christian
civilization. But there aro aome things
thnt thc working class will nevor forget.
Cnnndn is now a first-class nation,
\\e havo a "food controller," and law
forbidding restaurants and hotels serving their patrons with either beef or
bncon on Tuesdays und Fridays. Not
that there is any shortage of either in
the country; not that any economy can
possibly result from such monkey business, for tho simple reason tnht the lesB
beef and bacon one oats the more of
other things must bo consumed to tako
their plnco; not becauso such monkoy
business gets either tho nation or tho
individual any whero except to como out
of the sainc hole thoy went in; not for
tho purposo of throwing the ridiculous
efforts of good Mrs. Partington (who,
it will be remembered, tried to swoop
back tho lido with a broom), into the
shade as a very ridiculous and silly performance, hns this nonscnsicnl parodv
on wisdom been perpetrated upon a gullible public, but presumably for tho purposo of making it nppear that tho government of Canada is composed of as
intelligent and profound an aggregation
also discussed tho subject. Whnt had
killed the motion that tho conscription
bill be withdrawn, wns a statement by
Secretary Draper that any delegute op-
posing thc conscription act would bc
liable, and in view of tho fact that
parliament was closed the act could
not be repealed anyway.
Del. Trotter moved that the city
council adopt proportional representation in future civic elections. Dol.
Tree said if this wns of benefit to
workers, it was obviouB tho city would
not do it.   The motion carried.
Del. Trotter accused tho Brewster
government of getting out from under
its own proposition for proportional
representation by giving certain municipalities the right to hold their elections under this system.
Del. MeVety replied to a motion
that the officers of. the council be
given permission to take legal advise
aa to the shares in the Labor Tomple
building. He said the council was in
no more danger of losing its shares
in tho building than any other organization. There waa dangor of the
building being foreclosed if moro
monoy waB not forthcoming. Del. Ben-
aon thereupon withdrew the taiotion.
Del. Bonaon moved that tho socrotary
be instructed to write to tho Ministerial Association to find out what was
being done to provido places for men
to congrogato now thnt bars had been
closed. Del, Thomas Baid the Ministerial Association would do tho same
ns the Salvation Army—make places
for "scab-hunting." The motion loBt.
The executive committeo report was
received and ndopted.
A convention call from the Ameri
cun Federation of Labor wus filed.
A lottcr was rend from Sir R. L
Borden "explaining" thc new Fran
chiso Act, defending tho government's
position in disfranchising nil women
who aro not related to soldiers at tho
front,
Dol, Helena Gutt-oridgo said the
wholo letter was a feeble evasion of
the suffrngo act. Womon of Britain
hnd boen naturalized, she pointed out,
bat the whole thing in Cnnada was
just "pifflo."   Tho letter wns filed.
A mass-meeting of wobien workors
is to be called, tho council adopting
a recommendation of the executive to
this effect,
Businoss Agent Midgley reported
that a matter of butchers wages with
P. Burns hnd boen Btraightened out.
Civic Employees' had asked for a
minimum wago of 45 conts an hour and
the council was in an amiablo frame of
mind.
Sawmill men and loggers association
was making progress slowly.
One or two meetings of tho drug
clerks had boen held. Black of the
Owl Drug Co. had discharged a man
beca'uso he belonged to the union. The
matter waa being looked into,
Conditions of the Teamsters' was
good; tho new butcherg' organization
was going Btrong and P, Burns' packing plant was 100 por cent, orgnnized.
A deputation of men off the hydraulic
dredge on False Creok hnd called on
thc business agent regarding the strike,
which finally was settled in a fairly
satisfactory manner. Those men who
had not gono back to work had got
jobs alongshore, with tho assistance of
the I. L, A.
A report of the committee on tho
Factories' act was presented by Dol.
Helena Gutteridge, .who Baid it was
found that all inspection was to be
under the Workmen's Compensation
board, Tho committee recommended
that it be empowered to take up phases
of the act with the ottorney-general.
The recommendation was concurred in.
Del. Benson pointed out that the
Workmen's Compensation board was
already complained against in not carrying out its work properly and asked
why it should bo given additional
duties to perform. Del, McVety spoke
in favor of the recommendation. He
admitted the board had done nothing
aa to safety' appliances and said it
should be made to, for this was one
of its duties. Another delegato said
tho Factory act was all right if it were
only enforced. Del. Tree Baid both the
Factory act and Compensation act were
for the benefit of the employers. Labor I
Bhould be organized; and refuse to use
defective machinery, he said. He would
not expect anything would be accomplished by referring the mntter to the
Compensation Board. Del. Thomaa supported Del. Tree ond Del. McVety drew
attention to what he said was the inconsistence of the Longshoremen's
union which had not refused to work
with defective gear.
President J. Kavanagh submitted
hiB resignation, which was accepted,
and Vice-president Hubblo took the
chair.
Under reports of unions several delegates reportod the success of their organizations. Del. Wright for the Letter Carriers', reported general dissatisfaction at the government bonus of
$100, which nobody soomed to know
nnything nbout. Delegates were asked
to demnnd that those who sold thom
ment should belong to tho Butchers'
union. The Teamsters' asked that nil
union men should demnnd thnt milk
nnd bread bo delivered by union
drivers.
The council was notified thnt Nabob
cigar was not union mado.
Mrs. Sutton, secretnry of the Women Munition Workers' union of Victoria nddroBscd the council and mudo
appeal for support to a petition asking
that the munitions board shall not withdraw shell contracts from tho west, as
women, especially^ under-pensioned wnr
widows, need the work.
A women's mass-meeting committeo
was elected ns follows: Dels. Miss
Gutteridge, Midgley and Crawford.
The committee of Miss Gutteridge and
Del, McVety was appointed re the
Factories act.
Tho following new delegates were
obligated: Pninters', J. Downie; Bartenders', W. MotUshaw; City Firemen.
E. Erratt, C. A. Weston; Shipyard
Laborers', H. Winger, G. A. Kilpatrick; Cooks' and Waiters', W. Macken-
Butchors', H. Smith, T. Brown;
Bricklayers', Fred Vord; Bootmakers',
Sydney Helm.
ENGINEERS GROW AND
NEED MORE ROOM
Plan an Aggressive Campaign to Organise Mills During This
Winter.
On account of the rapid growth of
tho Steam and Operating Engineers'
local it has heen found necessary to
tnko another office, nnd W. A. Aleian-
dor, business agent, was a vety busy
mnn thc early part of this week meeting the new conditions. This locnl
now occupies rooms 216 and 217 in the
Labor Temple. The offlce remains at
216, and 217 has been turned into n
lounging room for n plnco for tho members to tacet. Special efforts aro being
undertaken to organize tho mills of
the province nnd to establish the eight-
hour dny. It is expected this will bc
nccomplished by spring.
Ray's Market
Italian Prunes, crato .... 85c
Tomatoes, green; crato.. 40c
Tomatoes, ripe; 4 lbs. .. 25c
Tokay Grapes, basket .. 40c
Lettuce, Greon Onions, Corn,
Celery,    Parsley,   Peppers.
MEAT
Sirloin Boast Beef, lb .. 26c
T-Bone Boast Beof, lb .. 28c
Rib Roast Beef, tb 22c
Pot Roast Beef, lb.. IBo, 18c
Rib Boil Beef, ft  13c
Sausage and Minced Steak,
tt  IBo
GROCERIES
American Coffee, tb 40o
Lipton's Tea, 2 lbs 85c
Lipton's Cocoa, y2-lb .... 20c
Hastings Street
Public Market
West of Rex Theatre
* UNION SHOP «
BOOTS   AND   SHOES    made    to
measure at ordinary prices.   Only best
leather used.   Pnmily work a specialty.
Boots and Shoes also repaired.
428 GEOROIA STREET WEST
3. Zlwara Besss    oaes: Ss,. tue
SEARS & PATTON
Berrieten, Solicitors, CcntTUcsri, Etc.
Victoria and Vsaeoivsr
vueosver OSes: 616*7 Rog.ro Bids.
 VAMOOOVBB, B. 0.
Movie Houses Organlied.
Spenking of thc success of thc Vnncouvor Theatrical Federation yesterday
A. O. Hanson, socretary, snid thnt insofar as tho operntors and stage hands
were concerned, Vnncouver houses are
now 100 per cent, organized.
THE
INCORPORATE!*
18W     _**
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets ....
Deposits
 (73,000,000
.— 5(1,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Comer Hastings ud Gamble Sti.
TheBukof British North America
Established It use
Branches throughout Gsnsde snd at
NEW TOBK, SAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Savings Department
—SAVE TOTO MONET—
Q. N. STAGEY, Manager
Oranvllle aad Fender
START A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare .
cash in any old corner where it is
in danger from burglars or Ire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your aeeonnt is large or small.
Iaterest allowed on savings deposits.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCORPORATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
Reserve Funds .
Total Assets 	
..t 12,911,000
.. 14,324,000
.. 287,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL
410 brandies ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and mako deposits regularly—aay, ovary payday. Intereat credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal maammmtmmmam
ommmmmm
m
FRIDAY October 5, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
ALL NEXT WEEK
Mary Pickford
In "Tess of the Storm Country"
-GLOBE =
THE BUGLE BUST OF
AUTHORITATIVE UTTERANCE
DISPELS FINANCIAL FOG
(Continued from page 1)
The Broadway
Oorner MAIN and BROADWAY
For Friday and Saturday
This Week
GEO. BEBAN
—IN—
The Marcelline Millions
Billy Burke
"Gloria's Romance"
(Final chapter)
Monday and Tueaday
William Farnum
—IN—
The Tale of Two Cities
By Charles Dickons
Special Matinee Monday
Wedneaday and Thuraday
Kathleen Williams and
House Peters
—IN—
"The Highway of Hope"
BROADWAY
Popular Prices
Main and Broadway
Empress
Theatre
WEEK OF OCTOBER 8
Evening! at 8:20; Matinees Wednesday and Saturday, at 2:30
"The Little Girl
That God Forgot"
Margaret Marriott
in n part that will make her remembered forever
Night prices 16c, 30c, 40c
Boxes    66c
Mntlnecs 16c, 20c, 30c
at all times
This includes the Government
War Tax.
Special Matinee
Thanskgiving Day
MONDAT, OCTOBER 8
ORPHEUM
ATTRACTIONS WEEK OCT.  I
SUBMARINE  Tl
A Thriller Act
NINA PATHS
In Character Studies
OEOEOIE EABLE ll 00.
In "Getting Acquainted"
??MIL0??
JBOOLINO KELSON
"SKEET"   OA1LAOHEB   A
IRENE MABTIN
riETA BBOWN ll
HEBBEBT SPENOEE
ETSnlni—15c, 300, 40c, 65c, BOc
Matinee—150, 20c, 30c, 65c
PANTAG E S
—Next Wssk—
TEDDY   McNAMARA   ft   CO.   IN
"THE COUNT AND TUB MAID"
"TBE NEOLEOTED WIFE"
—Otbsr Features—
THEATRES
This Week.
Orpheum—A good show.     Eddie Foy
and his big family are as interesting as ever.
Fantagea—Vaudeville of a high order.
Globe—PictureB worth seeing.
Broadway—The usual run of first-class
pictures.
EmprosB—The EmpresB Stock Company
has been playing to large audiences and tho show is worth seeing. V
Next Week.
Pantages—A vaudevillo bill of variety
which the manager says is a
good one.
Orpheum—Vaudeville which the management Bays ia as good as anything this season.
Globe—Pictures,
Broadway—Pictures.
Empress—The stock company has an
offering which the manager expects to pack the houae evory
performance.
TEIXIE FRIQANZA COMING.
Trlxie Frigania, the droadnaught comedienne, her slxteen-inch guns loaded with
fun. Is headed this way on the Orpheum circuit and will Are her laugh projoctlles into
the Orpheum audiences here the week of
October 15. Miss Frlgania will offer her
Octohcr 16. Miss FrlgaiuB will offer her intimate re-rue and will be aided by Max Weily
and Mt'lisKa Ten Eyck. Beautiful, bountiful,
buxom Trixin Frlganza has beon likened to
many things and she has been elected chair-
lady of the fun control committee. Hers is
a generouB spirit and her idea uf fun control does not Include any conservation nf
the product. Not even Mr. Hoover could
regulate that where Miss Frigania is concerned. Laughter in generous dosos is her
prescription for all ailments and when she
Is presont, tho gloom army Is in full rout,
making an ignominious retreat.
What ManaiK Says of Pantages:
A Vancouver favorite who needs no introduction, Teddy McNamara, is coming to
tho Pantages theatre next woek, as the mainstay of a pretty musical comedy, "The
Count and tho Maid." Whatever bo "The
Count and the Maid," although It Is claimed
in the advance notices as being an especially
clever and neat affair, thore will be no donbt
about Teddy. He has played here too many
times and has too many personal friends
In Vancouvor, whore he spent several years
of his boyhood, for there to be any doubt
as to hts reception,        '
The rest of the show ie up to standard.
There Is Tom Edwards, tho famous English
ventriloquist; flilber and North in "Bash-
foolery"; Alleen Stanley In songs; the
Fonr Karli-s in acrobatics and Georgia Howard, who plays the violin to the taste of a
connoisseur,
Tht Uttlt Girl That Ood Forgot.
As Its title indicates, "The Little Olrl
That God Forgot," Is a peculiar mixture of
emotional elements, which accomplish the
purpose for which they were intended—to
arouso a popular audlonce through injecting
somo of the high lights of life, together with
the colorful contrasts afforded by a ludiclous
admixture of rich, and less fortunate characters. Miss Margaret Marriott, In the title
rote, portrays a character true to life. Although the sentiment In the play runs to
the pathetic, there Is a strain of comody
through the plot which jerks the audienoe
out of Its sodden mood long enough at
times, to relieve the tension. It Is just tho
kind of a play where yon will laugh one
minute and cry Ihe next. Splendid opportunities are given the other favorites, and
we assuro you, yon will not soon forget,
"Thc Littlo Girl That God Forgot."
To memben of any anion U Cauda •
•pedal rat* for Tke Federatlonltt of $1
Tear—If a dab of 10 or mort b ttat
«?'
WAITERS GET BETTER
CONDITIONS OF WORK
Several Hotels and Restaurants Rave
Signal New Scale and
Conditions.
During the past weok several proprietors of hotels and restaurants nave
signed the new agreement with Cooks,'
Wniters' nnd Waitresses' union, recognizing the benefits which will accrue to
their businoss l>y reason of better relations with their employeea on account
of more favorable working conditions.
The new working conditions are eight
hours a day, and six days a week,
whore beforo the employees were working not less than ten hours a day and
some for seven days a week. The local
is making splendid progress, and now
numberB about 200 mombers. The membership on August 1 wub but 26.
COMPENSATION BOARD TO
MEET   HERE   TOMORROW
Several local parties intoreated in
claima for compensation, as the result
of deaths and injuries in industry, have
been notified that the B. C. Workmon's
Compensation Board will hold a session
at the court house, hore, tomorrow.
Prince Rupert Alderman In City.
Aid. Geo. B. Casey of Prince Rupert,
is a visitor in the Terminnl City this
week. Mr. Casey is one of tho old-time
Rossland school of unionists and is
making good in tho north.
Strikers Holding Firm.
The elevator strike is tying up grain
shipments at Port William tighter than
ever, all efforts of settlement having so
far failed.
letin, of Sept. 25, shows quite clearly
how to do it. As the Bulletin has been
established for the purpose of disseminating '' public information,'' there
can be no question about the reliability
of that "information."
How Wars Most Be "Paid for."
Wars must be paid for by savings.
We must Bave in the consumption ia
commodities and the consumption of unproductive labor In order that we may
divert our manhood to the army and to
the shops. If by tbe reduction in consumption of labor and the commodities
that It produces and the diversion of
this saving to that labor and those commodities demanded by the war, we shall
be able to fight to eternity. We can
mortgage our future savings for a. little
while, bat a piling up of mortgages Ib
bnt a short step toward bankruptcy.
Every atom that we Bave is available for
subscriptions  to liberty bonds.
The whole of Europe has been engaged
ever since the war began ln the elimination of waste, the simplification of life,
and the Increase of ItB Industrial capacity. When the war is over the consuming power of the world will he reduced by the Iobb of prosperity and man
power, and we shall enter a period of
competition without parallel in ferocity.
After the war we must maintain our foreign markets if our working people are
to be employed,      We ahall be ln no
fiosltion to compete if we continue to
Ive on the aame buls of waste and extravagance on whloh we have lived hitherto. Simple, temperate living is a
moral issue of the flrst order at any
time, and any other basis of conduct
during the war becomes a wrong agalnat
the interest of the country and the interest of democracy.
Tbe "Savings" Joke.
There you have it. The present war
is being fought by men now living and
with weapons and other things brought
forth also by the labor of those who are
now living or have recently lived.
These weapons and other supplies have
beon taken from the workers by the
usual process as herein outlined, that Is
without payment of any kind whatsoever, and what is still more to the
point without any payment either in
the past, or now, or in the future being
in any way possible.
And yet thia authority says: "WarB
mnst be paid for by savings."
These weapons and other supplies
have not been saved. They have been
Bhot away or arft being shot away eaeh
day, and otherwise used up.
Nothing ever was or ever can be
savfld.
All the products of labor are used up
from day to day and year to year.
What ia saved ? Nothing but those
credit tokens or evidences of debt that
can never be paid except by\ wiping it
off tho slate.
Those credit tokena that express in
figures the magnitude of the accumulated plunder that has been taken from
an onslaved working claaa down
throukh tho ages of rule and robbery,
and for which the working class never
got anything in return and never will
nor ever can. That Ib all there is to
thia humbug about "Havings."
How to Keep It Up.
The Bulletin authority says that if
we avoid the diverting of labor and
commodities from war purposes "we
shall be ablo to flght to eternity." No
doubt about it.
If "we" do not eat, drink or wear,
"we" shall have all the more to shoot
at the enemy-and it stands to reaaon
tho longer "we" will be able to keep
the glorious performance going.
Tho Bulletin need havo wasted no
space in telling us that. There are ten-
year-old school kids right here in Vancouver that could huve figured that out
in tho twinkling of un eye.
To "flght to ctornity" is a consummation devoutly to bo wished by every
ono who realizes tho importance to tho
highly-civilized world of thinning-out
the Germans.
"We" should bo willing to go entire*
ly without food, clothjng and shelter,
and everything elso but patriotism in
pursuit of such a noblo purposo
The Logic of "Saving,"
"We can mortgnge our futuro savings for a little while, but a piling-up
of mortgages is but a short step toward
bankruptcy Every atom that wo save
ia available for subscription to liberty
bonds." As all savings are mortgages
on the future—ciish, stock, bonds, mortgages, deeds, debentures, and investments of all kinds are merely debts
againBt the future—then all so-called
"savings" are merely "short steps toward bankruptcy."
And it does not seem necessary that
the Bulletin should go to the trouble
to inform us of the fact, for it is a
self-evident proposition that continuously accumulating mortgago against
tho future or anything else must in
time become mathematically impossible
of further enlargement, for the simplo
reason that that future or other victim of it will bo no longer able to pay
even the interest upon it, lot alone the
principal.
And more especially is this true when
tho fundamental basis upon which tho
entire adventure is predicated is of
such a character as to make any und
all payment absolutely impossible.
After assuring us that "a piling-up
of Mortgages is but a short step towards bankruptcy,/' it certainly does
come with somewhat, of shock to bc
urged to stive in order that we can
make "every atom wo save available
for subscription to liberty bonds." As
every liborty bond is but so much added to the mortgage upon tho future,
docs the government desire that we
hasten the steps '' toward bankruptcy 1"
"After the Ball Is Over."
"When the war is over, the consuming power of the world will be reduced
by the loss of prosperity and manpower, and we ahull enter a period of
competition without parallel in ferocity.
After tho war we must maintain our
foreign markets if our working people
are to be employed."
After "the world is made safe for
democracy," loss of prosperity and
man-power will result in a lessened
consuming power.
The loss of prosperity must mean the
loss of that prosperity now being so
gloriously enjoyed by the patriotic
souls that profit and fatten on blood
and gore. But fortunatoly, however,
wo may prolong that prosperity by saving so that "we shall bo able to fight
to eternity."
No doubt suitable arrangements to
that effiect might be mado with tho
Huns, as it is beyond quostion that it
is as much to thoir interest to enjoy
continued "prosperity" as that "we"
should do so.
The "saving" and "lighting to
eternity" argument applies as well to
them as to us.
If it is sound and logical for the one
side, then it is equally ao for the other.
But if to "make the world safe for
democracy," we are   to   bring about
PRINCE RUPERT
CLERICAL WORKERS
ARE ON STRIKE
Business Agent V. R.
Midgley of the central labor
body yesterday received a
self-explanatory telegram
from W. B. Thompson,
Prince Eupert, vice-president of the B. C. Federation
of Labor for that district, as
follows:
"Members of Clerical
Workers' union of this city,
employed by Ganadaian Fish
& Cold Storage Company,
are on strike. Company
manager no'w in Vancouver
or Victoria. Give this immediate publicity in both
places and use every effort
to prevent substitutes being
sont here."
THE BLIGHT BRIGADE
such a delightful atate of affairs that
we are to be crucified in a "period of
competition without parallel in ferocity," there would leem to be overwhelmingly good reasons why we
should throw ourselves into tho glorious task with unbounded enthusiasm.
We have several pleasing alternatives, any one of all of which shall
come to us and be our portion, according to our Bulletin authority.
First, ia thdt of the complete bankruptcy of nations, and therefore of
capitalist society. We mean financial
bankruptcy, for morally and intellectually the capitalist system of property and production waa born bankrupt. That- financial bankruptcy is assured by our authority aa the horrifying result of "piling up ihort*
gageB."
Second, we are to be fried to a
frazzle in a "competition without
parallel in ferocity," and third, the
only way the workers will be allowed
to feed, clothe and shelter themselvea
will be to continue to aubmit to being
mercilessly robbed out of what they
produce in order that "we" may
'maintain our foreign markets."
Neither foreign nor domestic markets can be held -except with plunder
taken from slaves, therefore there
should be no doubt in the slave's mind
as to the real meaning lying behind
the holding of theae markets.
So there you are, you sons of toil.
These are the things which the capitalist futune holds out to you as veritable stars of hope.
Soap Suds aad Financial Truths.
Now a few words in reference to impending bankruptcy. No less
authority than Lord Leverhulme, tho
august soapboiler of Fort Sunlight
fame, is reported in the daily papers
as follows, in regard to the tax bill
of Oreat Britain after the war:
"By the time we have, with our
brave and illustrious Allies, won the
unconditional surrender of our enemies,
our load of war debt may easily have
gone to a total of ten billion sterling,
involving us in an annual charge to be
met by taxation for interest and sink*
ing fund of £600,000,000. We Bhall be
under tho absolute necessity of main*
talning for many years a combined naval
and military expenditure of from £100,-
000,000 to £300,000,000 a year.
' 'We shall bave to raise another
£100,000,000 or more for government
civil expenditure, and at least another
£100,000,000 or £200,000,000 for old
age and military pensions.
"Other expenses would bring the bur*
den of taxation probably to £1,800**
000,000 a year,
"Gan we bear this load and carry
the Empire with lta trade and commerce
back into the calm safety of prosperity
and Bound financet"
The Lightsome Task.
The good old gentleman declares that
it can be done if all classes and both
sexes will follow "the example set by
our King and Queen."
Now, all of this is very nice, no
doubt, but a little work with a pencil
will bring it homo to us that the job
of wrestling with such a financial
problem will be no easy one. £1,300,7
000,000 tax per annum is equivalent to
approximately $175 per head or $875
per family. And even at that rate it
would take 50 years to wipe out the
debt and it would then have been accomplished only by paying atiout two-
aud-one-half times the amount of the
original debt in interest alone.
At the samo time that the working
people of Great Britain aro producing
enough to feed, clothe and otherwise
care for themselves and provide for the
aforesaid taxation, thoy will also be
called upon by their King and country
to further provide for tho payment of
income, interest, proflt and othor sorts
of rake-off upon that great masB of additional debt in tho shape of invested
capital in all lines of capitalist busi-
nss and get-soniething-for-nothing enterprises.
As this mass of debt is many times
greater than the government indebtedness referred to by the soap lord,
there is littlo in the proposition to
even indicate uny inubility of tho docile working plugs to conjuro forth
the necessary dough to meet such
trifling bills. Especially in view of the
simplicity of payment and tho easo with
which it muy be mado in tho capitalist
scheme of buying and selling.'
The Rich "Uncle"
As "Undo Sam's" official lucubrations upon  the  advisability  of "sav-
_" and s-dbscribinc for "liberty
bonds," with his wholesome admonitions ngainst the "piling-up of mortgages" as uguinst the future thrown
in for seasoning and as a warning
against financial folly, have been quoted
it might bc well to add that there is
danger of the aforesaid '' Uncle
Sam" going broke. Not the slightest.
The good old soul will only bo in a
measly $20,000,000,000 on account of
the war, at then end of his first year
of active participation in it. As ho is
only now called upon to finance all tho
rest of the allied pcrforiuers, and taking into consideration how rich he is,
why it is positively absurd to fancy
him ever threatened with bankruptcy.
He is different from the rest. Thore
is no doubt about that. He is rich
enough to buy us all a victory.
Thc editorial punk stuff quoted from
thc Bulletin was doubtless intended to
be futherly advice to those who hnve
had no opportunity to familiarize themselves with the devious and dangerous
pathways that inevitably lead over the
precipice of bankruptcy and ruin most
damnable.
But there is still something in the
lucubrations of these great financial and
soap authorities strangely remindful of
nn awakening consciousness of impending evil thnt is about to befall the
glorious old pastime of amassing
wealth by piling up debts and adding
up columns of figures in a ledger.'
[According to the Vancouver Daily World, six hundred prohibitionists met
at a banquet to celebrate the inauguration of Dry Rtgime, Speakers point
out need of sacrifice.]
Near beer to left of them,
Cold tea to right of them,
Wildly they thundered.
Loudly their boasts they tell
While boozers say—"Oh! Hell,"
How we have blundered.
When shall their glory fade!
Wild charges oft they made,
,   No one now wonders.
"Purity!" loud they cried.
Out out the booze.   'Tis tried-
One of our blunders •
The Dominion hall, which waa lately
the scone of a great gathering of sober,
sane, sensible, modest longahoremen,
was on Tuesday night filled with a
crowd, congregation, assembly, coterie,
or mob of self-satified, mutually admiring, smug, boaatful killjoys, who
met in a spirit of devout thankfulness
to hug each other over the success
whioh had attended the effort to rob
a poor man of his beer.
The above is a long sentence without
a break, but it's nothing to the sentence
some of them would receive if a few
of the thirsty ones who are about ia
Vancouver today only had these Puri-
tans in front of a bar—the bar of sane
public opinion,
To this banquet The Fed. waa not
invited—so probably the life of our
representative was saved, but every
true journalist can not only intelligently anticipate coming events, but
has a good idea of what haa happened,
so we are able to give a fair synopsis
or resume of what took place; it may
not be exactly accurate but it is as
near the truth as'the prohibitionists
ever get and as their own forte is
terminological, inexactitude, they will
not blame us for some slight unavoidable inaccuracies.
The members of the W. O. T. U. provided what one distinguished member
of tho company called good eats, nnd
it was well demonstrated) that the
gentlemen who are down on liquid re-
freshment make 'up for it by valiant
work as trenchermen. In this capacity
it is aaid they acted upon a well recognized syBtem, sitting four inches from
the table and ceasing to ply knife and
fork when waistcoatB and wood came
into contact, at which point the
speeches began.
Mr. Jonathan Sogers was very appropriately the honored centre of the
gathering. The banquet was a water
banquet and as Confucius praised the
man who made two blades of grass take
the place of one, so Jonathan Rogers,
who according to legendary lore once
tried to make one water pipe do the
duty of -two, waB the right man in the
right place.
Supporting him were very properly
Mr. W, H. Leaky—we beg hiB pardon.
Leckie and Mr. John Nelson, of whom
it is said—we know not with what
truth—that all his great victories, like
thoso of his illustrous namesake, wero
won on water.
To Mr. Jonathan Rogers was presented a gold ring, a circle symbolical
of the fact that his efforts for his own
interest will have no end as his zeal
for the welfare of the common community have had—it is Baid by some,
no beginning.
In acknowledging this gift, Jonathan
nearly broke out into poetry, but remembering his nationality and that he
might   unconsciously   lapse   into   tho
beautiful national ballad, "Taffy was
a Welshman, , ., \ . ..." he suddenly
desisted,
The distinguished member of parliament, Stevens, made as usual, a long
speech. Yes, we know perfectly well
that he should be described as H. H,
Stevens, or Ib it "Haitch, Haitcht"
But as some of hla fellow M.F. 's say that
Mr. Stovens occasionally drops his h's
we follow suit.
Mr. Stevens has been an authority
on liquids, He has, we hear, tried oil
—tentatively, and given some attention to ships, but no one ever thought
that he could be so eloquent over pink
lemonade, near beer, and other fluids
of that character. So fervid was his
eloquence at times that one wondered
if any of the fluids had been camouflaged. There is a suspicion that some
pf them,must have been, for the report
makes him talk about "mushels of
wheat."
H. H. perorated to the effect that
Ottawa and Washington are moving
towards nation-wide prohibition. We
are glad to know that Stevens is acquainted with Washington. We hardly
guessed he eould have heard of the
name.
Father O'Boyle, lt need hardly be
said, was sensible—and human. Thsn
ia a touch of Father O'Flynn in the
worthy priest, who haa the good sense
to see that there is a lot of human
nature in a tnan, ahd that the social
glass brought men together, and a
means must be found for the develop,
ment of social instincts.
"Malcolm the Pure," of course, had
his say. He had seme little hesitation
in beginning, but it always takes a
litle time for him to preen his wings,
and adjust his halo. He promised that
Vancouver, pure aa it is today, will
be purer in future, and he hinted that
after another year in , office, even
pianos would not be seen with bare
legs, that nobody would be even allowed to have a "wry" face, that the
street lights would not be permitted to
E ID STEEL
WORKERS HAVE
I
POWELL RIVER MAN
SEVERELY WOUNDED
Decide on New Wage Scale
for Northwest Effective January 1
Taeoma Han Is Elected to
Presidency and Seattle
■ Man Secretary
A new wage scale for bridgemen,
structural steel and pile driver men, to
become effective the flrst of the year,
was decided upon lut Saturday, at the
closing of a three days' ineeting of
the Northwest District council in the
Labor Temple. The new wage scale
covers the entire Pacific Northwest, and
it as followa:
Structural iron workers, W for eight
heart; pile driver men, W far eight
houra; machinery movers, (5 for eight
hours, and atone derrlckmen, (5 for
eight hours. A 44-hour week wu alao
decided npon all tht way through u
among the new demands.
At the election of officers, J. 0. Crow-
ley of Taeoma, wu elected pretident,
and Scotty Bofedlti, of Seattle, aeeretary.
The conference luted three daya. On
Friday, the membera of local 166 tendered the visitors a smoker at the Labor
Temple, which.wu very successful.
The following delegatea were there:
Portland, J. P. Wellman; Seattle.
Scotty Hofediti, Bobert Oliver and
Balph Walker; Taeoma, J. O. Crowley;
Vancouver, Boy Massacar, A. W. Oakley, W. F. Ironsides, J. Ferguson, E.
Stewart, O. Kountaelman and E. Haukt.
Nkw Secretary on Job.
William Mackenzie, the new secretary
of the Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses'
local, ia now on the job, having succeeded Andy Graham in that responsible
postion.
Ptt. B. A. HANSEN
Of Powell River, ws. badly wounded it Lens
ln the bsck, leg and face, and It now In
honpitsl .t Birminsb.ni. where he li reported to be prtgrenlng f.Vor.bljr. Pte.
Hansen w.s an employee of tho Powell
River Paper Co. Hii mother and sister
are residing at Powell River.
wink, that a cat would be hanged on
Monday if it dared to kill a mouse on
Bunday, and that though better babies
might be the cry, the march of science
might—well, he went on to hint that
under the McBeath regime wonders
would be done, though even a Malcolm
could not "snuff oat" all human vice
at once.
Other speeches followed, and there
was some weird music, the musicians
apparently vainly trying to mingle
jazz melodies with Moody and Sankey
diluted.
The managers were warmly thanked
for the arrangements, but we hear it
was suggested that considering the
nature of the beverages consumed, the
non-provision of stomach pumps was to
be regretted.
The assembly is to be congratulated
on the splendid way in whieh they gave
{ilay to their imaginations and fol-
owed the example of Dickens' character, ''The Marchioness," who soaked
orange peel in water, then "quaffed
the ruby wine" and made belief she
wbs having a good time.
It is a pity Jack Kean wu not
in thc hall with his camera, such splendid acting should not have been lost
to the "movies."
LLAMA SOX
3 Pairs
for$l
See them in our windows
Every Size
9, 91-2, 10, 101-2, 11, 111-2
__U.
",33i«»4?49 Hajtimqs 5t Sajt, PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..October 5,1917
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Glimpses of Secret
Diplomacy and
Weltpolitic
From "THE CAMBRIDGE MAGAZINE," of August 18th,
Edited by members of the Cambridge University
1917
Les Nations (Paris, Radical weekly),
August 10, says:    .
"It seems to us that this speech was
neither worthy of the orator nor of the
occasion, the audience evidently relished it, for the mention of 'laughter'
is scattered all through the report. But
at a moment like this a statesman has
better things to do than to provoke
laughter in a publio meeting. Lloyd
George himself said in the House of
Commons a few days before: 'I wonder
whether every member of the house
realizes the explosive material there is
about.' It is not outbursts of laughter
that will prevent outbursts of another
sort, and the situation is perhaps too
serious for the facile successes of a public meeting. It is true that he quoted
tbe declaration oi a man 'whose position in Germany is very high and powerful,' whom he reports as saying that
peace will be made soon, but that war
will recommence in ten years. If the
quotation is exact it is the expression
of a personal opinion which we do not
share. None of the belligerents will
wish to make war in ten years' time,
not even in forty years. . . . The
danger does not lie there. It consists
in the perpetuation of armed peace, if
international relations are not chnnged
from their very foundations. To be
sure we wish to render war impossible
for ever, and to spare the grandchildren
of the present soldiers what their sons
will be spared in any case. . . We
should like to liberate even the present
generation from the crushing burden of
armaments.''
Nieuws van den Dag (Amsterdam,
Liberal)i
"Deplores that the tone of Lloyd
George's speech wns rather that of thc
demagogae than of the statesman, and
that he should forget 'what the British
have dn their consciences in their earlier wars,' and only think of the German barbarities. Michaelis' speech did
indeed leave two ways open, but it is
unjust not to recognize its advance towards peace and democracy.
"Lloyd George wants to dictntc
peace to the conquered. It therefore
apparently escapes his attention that
for the first time it is officially declared
that Germany is not striving after any
annexation of Belgium. It is true the
untiring efforts of the German authorities to realize administrative separation
between Walloons and Flemings nre
well calculated to evoke distrust; but
it can be bo understood that the much-
talked-of 'guarantees,' earlier demand
ed in the weBt by Germany, are finally
reduced to a demand that the French
*pifft shall not, by the dominating position of the Walloons, after the war
make Belgium more than ever a danger
for Germany. . . . From the German standpoint that is very comprehensible."
Criticism from Switierland.
Busier    Xationalzeitang    (Radical),
August 6:
"Declares that it is the duty of neutral papers to express their condemnation of Lloyd George's Queen's hall
speech, and not to be kept back by any
'false or cowardly discretion:' To be
sure Lloyd George had a difficult task,
and he had 'to put Germany in the
dock on the accusation of lengthening
the wur, when Germany's willingness
to bargain for peace is publie property.'
"Today it iB not the question why
/he war arose in 1914, and if we were
to wait until we agreed on this point,
the world war would last more than
thirty, more than a hundred years, in
fact, it would never end. No; today
the statesmen of a belligerent nation is
bound to declare why he Ib continuing
the war. Apparently all Lloyd George
wants is to get the Kaiser to say the
word ' restoration.' As it happened thie
was just what the Kaiser had done two
days before. . . . (She should make
it clearer). . . . but one may hope
that Germany now consents to the restoration of France and Belgium. Lloyd
George wants, by means of his soldiers,
to cure the German Kaiser of hiB 'stammer.' Should one apeak thus of the
death of hundreds of tfaousandsf Is
there no one in England, the country
of great statesmen, to make Lloyd
George understand that by such unworthy phrases he dishonors the land, to be
whose representative in her hour of
greatest need he has tbe undeserved
honor.' . . . If we recognize a
hindrance to peace in the adequnte de-
mocrastization of Germany, tbis does
not prevent us from saying that the ignorance and demagogy of a Lloyd
George is just ns great a hindrance."
"Id. Aug. 8.—'In the whole world
tbere exists no single person who could
show a better claim to be admitted as
honorary member of the Pan-German
league than David Lloyd George. Even
Htndenburg's latest results ennnot contribute so much to the stimulation of
the German wnr spirit or bo greatly assist German lust of conquest ob the insulting distortions of his last speech.
. . . . In this speech of Lloyd
George we can study, as in n model example, the technique of those, wbo
lengthen the war. If one day u hundred years hence an investigator shall
study our unhappy times and read this
speech, he will find it impossible to believe thnt such impudent, spiteful and
absurd phrases passed currency as the
will of a whole world. 'The Monroe
doctrine was a doctrine to which Germany never subscribed—though if she
hnd appended her signature to it, it
would have made no difference.' Here
the report snyB, 'laughter.' Rather
might we weep thot the leader of bo
great and wonderful a people should
have the heart for such baitings, nt a
moment when nil peoples are almost
drowning in tears and blood."
Dutch Deplore Ambiguities.
Gazette de Hollande (pro-Ally)
writes that:
"The vagueness of Mr. Balfour's
speech leads most Dutch commentators
to ask how the Central powers, can be
nsked to specify their aims more precisely If the Entente can not see their
way to do so." It quotes the Mans-
bode (Roman Catholic): "Most of the
speech was devoted by the statesman-
philosopher to declaring that he could
make no definite statement, that the
Allies could only state their war alms
in broad lines, but could not descend to
details. . . . But why then, on the
other hand, ask of the Centrals a careful and sharp delineation of their
aims?"
Nieuwe Hotterdainschc Courant (Liberal): ,
J1 Does the allotment of the Saar valley to France belong to the 'certain
conclusions' Mr. Balfour want? to draw
from the resolve that Frnnce shall not
be crushed, or to the 'legitimate aspirations' of France? But how could the
seizure of German territory be compatible with Mr. Balfour's statement that
the germs for future was were to be
done awuy with 'by satisfying legitimnto national aspirations?' If the Saar
valley fell into French hands, it would
than denieB them, however shrouded
they may be in various figures* of
speech."
China's War Declaration.
Springfield Republican (Independent), June 14.
An article expresses great concern on
the,far eastern situation, and says that
the inner truths as to recent intrigues
there is yet to bo revealed:
"If a full account of the underhand
work which has been going on in China
since the beginning of the war can ever
be written it will be a history of surpassing interest. Even before the war
Pekin was a hotbed of intrigue, and
the commercial rivalry of the foreign
powers was both intense nncf unBorfpu-
lous. Desire to stamp out German.in*
fluence is one of the motives for the
severe pressure put upon China to enter
the war. . . Assurance is given in
Washington that to urge China into the
war has not been tbe policy of the
government. American interests, indeed,
and in the broad view the interests of
Europe lie on the Bide of a tranquil
China. That Japan iB scheming to other
ends there is no ground for asserting,
but if chaos should impend in China,
the Japanese government could barely
keep itB hands off."
Sun Tat Ben Against Intervention.
North China Duily News quoted in
the Gazette de Hollande, June 22, publishes a telegram to Lloyd George from
RECIPES FOR THE WOMEN
Northwest General Organizer for
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
HB. J. A. KINNEY
Wbo hss been a member of tbe Edmonton, Alberta, city council for aome years; fa an
officer of tbe Alberta Federation of Labor, and an active participant In the Labor
movement generally,
oBBuredly remain a thorn in the flesh of
Germany.''
Nieuwe Courant (The Hague, Liberal), quoted in Gazette de Hollande,
July 25.
Discussing the "peace debate," a
loading article,suyn that: "It may be
true that Germany has .never formulated her terms in any detail, but the
terms formulated by the Allies nnd
communicated to Mr. Wilson hnve been
rejected by all supporters of a durable
peace. . . . Mr. Asquith said Britain was lighting for freedom and that
only, but Wow does he co-ordinate that
with the expressions of Bonar Law and
Sir Edward Carson, and the rejection
of a, motion which would have bound
Britain to no pence formula incompatible with freedom."
Bir Edward Carson stated thnt Great
Britain would decline to discuss pence
until Germany was poshed beyond the
Bhine.
I.'Italia (Milan, Catholic), August 1:
Comments on this declaration: "No
one can imagine how much harm is
done to the common cause by the bellicose improvisations which have now become the standing habit of English
politicians, who were once so reflective
and temperate."
Germany Draws Her Moral.
Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
(Berlin, semiofficial), July 25 and Aug.
2:
"Lloyd George has made another
speech at the London Queen'» hall, the
same place where he acknowledged, on
July 28, 1008, the necessity of strong
armaments for Germany, threatened as
she was by thc superior strength (Uber*
mncht) of France and Russia. Thojgh
he avers that he feud the' chancellor's
speech—no Iobs than three tlmeB, 'in
order to find in it anything from which
he might derive a hope of tbe end of
the sanguinary war,' he docs not mention with a single word that thc chancellor, in ngreement with the resolution
of the mnjority parties (which was similarly ignored by the British statesman), hiade a clear and distinct declaration in favor of a peace by mutual
concessions and understanding. . . .
The only possible conclusion is that the
British prime minister does not want a
negotiated peace. This cannot astonish
us, when wc take into account the almost BimultaneouB declaration of his
colleague, Carson, that Englnnd could
think of peace negotiations only when
onr troops had retired behind the Rhine,
and also thc disclosure of the French
secret treaty with Russia.!'
"Ib. Balfour's speech in the house.
. . . is anything but a repudiation
of annexations. His refusnl to state
the demands of the English government
as to war aims gives rise to tho doubt
whether in favorable circumstances
England would not claim territory even
on the mainland of Europe. In view of
what has often happened before, England's allies would do well not to take
at their face value her assurances to
the contrary. And as for the fairly
well-known English plans of far-reaching annexations in Africa and Asia, tbe
spirit of Balfour's speech rather affirms
Dr. Sun Yat Sen, who "as a good pa-
triot and a grateful friend to Britain,"
nnd after "curcful study of tho question," feels it his duty to point out
what a calamity it would be for both
countries if China abandoned her neutrality:
"China is an infant republic and not
yet able to take care of herself. It iB
only kept intact by the morals and customs of a peaceable people. Discord
might lead to nnnrchy.
"Thus fur China had an unlimited
belief und confidence in the strength of
Britain and her ultimate victory, but
the aforesaid efforts which even urge
an advance upon Mesopotamia, have
dealt a serious blow to this confidence.
'If China intervenes in the war this
fnct will be a danger both to its national life and to the prestige of Bri*
tain in the far east. The very desire of
Chinese intervention on behalf of the
Allies is considered here on admission
thnt the Allies cannot alone cope with
Germany. A short while back the premier, Mr. Yuan (Tuanf) informed the
president that the Entente powers intended to force China to join the Allies.
This question hus already caused bitter
displeasure on tbe part of our statesmen. Discord may unchain powerful
and dangerous elements in China, anti-
alien and Mohammedan feeling. Another boxer movemont might possibly
be precipitated, coupled with a massacre
of foreigaers. If war is declared
against somo country or other, the uneducated masses will be unable to distinguish one nation from another, with
fntnl consequences to Britain which has
tho greatest interests in thc Orient. .
. , (My motive is) to snve China
from anarchy and dissolution, but nlso
to give expression to my warm sympathy for a country whoso integrity nnd
fair fame I have always highly respected."
Politiken (Copenhagen, Liberal),
July 7: An urticle analyzing the Chinese situation, speaks of "the big and
complex game that Is being played in
China since half-u*yenr back," and re*
fers to the abovo telegram from Dr.
Sun Yat Sen. The latter is described
as "the real hero of the revolution of
1011; he wns choseu as China's firBt
president, but soon retired. Be is
strongly Anglophil and the leading mnn
of Southern China." His weighty testimony to thc Allies violent war propaganda is borno oat by nnother document, acquired by tho Norddeutsche
Allgemeine Zeitung, a report sent by
the Italian ambassador nt Tokyo to his
government. It stated that the other
Allies wore straining every nerve Anally to divide up China among themselves, wherefore Italy must hurry up
to be in at the death; time was pressing. Naturally this publication 6Xclted
much comment, doubtless in Japan too,
where a divided China Is not desired,
but a China under Japanese suzerainty.
Bui influential groups In China continued to agitate for war. There were
those who held the view that China
should go with the Entente in order to
guarantee herself ln this way against
Japanese designs. It is elear that the
big game In the east is very complicated."
Morris Otistard.
To one pint of boiling milk add one
teaspoonful  of  corn  starch,  one-half
cupful of sugar, the yolks of two eggs,
a little salt and extract cf to flavor.
Boiled Oat Oakes.
Two and a half Cups of rolled oats,
half cup sugar, 2 well-beaten eggs, 2
teaspoonfuls vanilla. Mix well and drop
on buttered paper, and bake in niodern
oven.
Nut Bread.
Four cups of flour, 4 teaspoonfuls
baking powder, 1 teaspoonful salt, half
cup granulated sugar. Sift all four together, then add cup chopped walnuts.
Beat one egg and add 2 daps sweet
milk; stir all together, Have two 1-lb.
coffee tins well greastd and pour into
them the mixture. Set rise three-quarters of an hour and bake one hour in
hot oven.
Graham Cake.
Take one eup each of raisins, sugar
and sour cream; stew raisins till tender
and add flour to them; onehalf teaspoonful of soda, a pinch of salt, two
eggs; stir stiff with sifted graham flour
and bake.   An excellent cake.
Plain Gingerbread.
One cupful of molasses, one cupful of
sugar, one cupfal of boiling water; dissolve one teaspoonful of soda in hot
water; use one-half coffee cupful bf
shortening, one teaspoonful of ginger
and a little salt. Add flour enough to
make it pretty stiff.
Cocoanut Kisses.
Beat the whites of two eggs with one
cupful of powdered sugar and one cup
of desslcated cocoanut.   Bake in rings
or patty pans.
—FEDEEATIONI8T PHONE—
SET. 7496
AFTER 6 p.m.—SEY. 7497K
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per lb ...„ SOo
Ayrshire Baoon ..30c and 35c
Slater's Tea, lb. SOo
Slater's Coffee, lb. . SSe
Apex Jam, 4-lb. tins  _. 45c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 850
Evaporated Milk . 100
Jello, 3 for SSe
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FBESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St Eut   Soy. 3S6S
830 Granville St.     Soy. 866
SS14 Mils Stroot.    Pair. 1683
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
■■■■■—*-*■—•
Refined Service
104» OBOBOIA STBBBT
One Blook wost of Court Homo.
Cse of Modem Chapel tat
Funeral Parlors free te all
Patrons.
Tolephono Seymou S4SS
Phone Soymonr 4319
THE ALL RED LINE, LTD.-
S.S. "SANTA MARIA"
S.S. "SELMA"
Powell Elver ud Vancouver
Service
PRINTING
OOWAN * BBOOKBOUSB
Lobor Tomplo Pro*    Soy. 4490
HOTEL ALCAZAR
v.oroouvu, a. o.
Hse4qaartsts for Labor sua.   I
Tht aal 11.00 par tay.
•1.60 psr week aai ap.
Oafs at leemsUt Basse.
suomo rami* ai com
Sao u ind h
sit Juris Electric Co., LU.
(70 Blcharti Street
a« toui oboobb ros
MUDE Or AlBBRTA, ud
MOTHERS' FAVOMTB
M.OUE
mnoa wllsb
tmuDi * oo.
hsos Mil
t-9
stjiopmi or ooal stoma ssaou*
fXOM,
pOAL mining rlghta of the Dominion, la
y Manitoba, Saskatchewan snd Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-Weal Territories
and la a portion of the Provlnee ol British
Columbls, may be leaied for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 81 rears at aa annual rental of 01 an
sere. Not more than 2,580 aeres will he
leased to one applicant.
Application for a leaat mast he made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Bub*
Agent of the dlitrlet ia whloh the rights op-
plied tor are aitaated. ,
In itirvejred territory the land malt bs del*
orlbpd by sections, or legal lub-dlvliloni of
■octione, and ln uniurveyed territory the
tract applied tor eball be naked ont by the
applicant hlmielf,
Each application muit he accompanied by
• fee of OS which will be refunded If the
righti applied for are not available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty ihall be paid on Ihe
merchantable output of tbe mine al Ihe rale
of lire cente per ton.
The person operating ths mine ihall fur*
nlih the Agent with iworn returna accounting
for lbe full quantity of merchantable eoal
mined and par ths royalty thereon If ths
eoal mining rights are aot being operated,
ineh returni ahoold hs furnlibel st lesst
onee a rear.
The lease will Include the eoal mlalai
rights only, rescinded by Clap. 87 tf 45
Oeorge V. assented to 18th Jane, 1014.
For full Information application should ht
made to the Secretary of Ihe Departmeat of
the Interior, Ottawa, or tt any Agent tr Bah*
Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. W. OOST,
_   _    _ Depntr lllaliter of Interior.
fl. B.—Unauthorised publication of thli
idvertliiment will net ht paid for.—IJS7J.
If you desire quality,
service and satisfaction go to Kerfoot &
Hall-the man's store
If you know what you ,want, go
and get it from Kerfoot A Hall.
If you do not know what you
want seek advise frota Kerfoot
A Hall.
If you want Union-made Overalls
(Carhartt's) go to Kerfoot &
Hall.
If you want Work Shirts or Dress
Shirts—quality shirts—go to
Kerfoot A Hall.
If you want Underwearor Socks,
'o-* nt the offerings of Kerfoot
& Hall.
If you want Oilskins or anything
else in the line of Men's Tor-
nishings, go to Kerfoot & Hall.
But If you want boots, then
patronise the firm who advertises shoes in the other columns
of this paper,
Kerfoot
&Hall
155 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Stroot Vott
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every Union Man-
is IT 11^ YOURS?
—Phono Fairmont 2624—
sSi-^^SS^a
Tue
AND'
Portff
._ . Or AMERICA   eg^r
gam stmoi t___m_____m I
Ask for this Label whoa purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that It Is Union
"to. This It oar Ubel
Hotel Canada
618 Richards Stroot
VANCOUVER
(Hoar Ltbor Tomplo)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
EVERYTHINO SERVED of
THE BEST QUALITY
OLBLAHD-D3BLE ENOEAV.
INO COMPANY
woto ssobavsjm  ooioas-
out, Airure
neat tenter TIOO
Third Floor, Worli! Building,
▼ABOOCTSB. B. 0.
tht talf Cnlon Shop la Vaatoavtr.
AftOUC!
ROYAL
SOAR
THC ROYAL
CHDWM SDAPS  L\"
VANCOUVER BC s^^™«ppwpm^BssBSi
FRIDAY..
...October 5, 1917
THE BRITJSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
&£% ■* Workingmen' «n
Are Losing Money!
This seems an odd assertion in times when wages are so
high. But it is a fact. Many a man lays ofl these days
and misses a day's work, just because he is feeling bad.
DR. LOWE can tell the cause. That man's teeth
bother him. br that man has lost some of his natural
teeth that ought to be replaced.
The shifts a man loses on account of poor teeth, or
needing new teeth to properly chew his food for his
health's sake, would pay many times over the eost of
treatment by  DR. LOWE,  the  well-known dental
Don't longer put off having your teeth fixed. It means
money in your pocket.
We put the Union Label on all
Suits and Overcoats we make
for Ladies and Gentlemen—
We do this as a guarantee that you have received the best of workmanship throughout the building of your clothes. Our cutters and fitters have for yearB given our patrons the satisfaction of knowing they
were wearing clothes that fit—clothes that were built for them. See
our fall and winter samples for ladles and gentlemen. The prices on
our made-to-order Suits and Coats are the lowest consistent with standard goods and expert workmanship,
M. LANGTRY
"TAILOR TO LADIES AND GENTLEMEN WHO CARE"
322— HASTINGS STREET WEST — 322
UNION ♦ OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAK SUPPLY TOO WITH TBS ALLIED PBDKISO. IBAOBS
BAOLET A SOUS, 161 Haatinga Stroet	
BLOCHBERQER.>. R., tit Broadway Bait	
BRAND a PERRY, «2» Fender Street, Weat 	
B. 0. PRINTINO * UTHO. CO., Bmythe and Homer	
CLARKE A STUART. MO Seymoar Street   ,
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE. Lahor Temple Building	
DUNSMUIB PRINTINO 00, SIT Daaamalr Stmt	
EVANS * HASTINGS, Arts and Oralta Bill, Seymoar SI	
JOTERY, W. A, 3168 Parker Street	
KERSHAW, J. A, 5>e Howe St	
LATTA, R _. S3t Oor. Ave	
MAIN PBINTINO CO, 1151 Main 81	
MeLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vaneoaver	
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pender Bt	
NORTH SHORE PBESS. North Vaneoaver	
PACIFIO PRINTERS, World Bulldlni	
ROEDDE, O. A, tie Hosier Street	
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO, 117 Cemhle St	
SUN JOB PRESSES, 711 Sermonr Street	
THE STANDARD, Homer Btreet 	
TECHNICAL PRESS, SOO Beatty Street	
THOMSON STATIONERY, IIS Haatlan W	
TIMMS, A. H, USO Fourteenth Ave. E 	
WARD. ELLWOOD t POUND, SIS Homer Street	
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, Sti Danemelr 81	
WHITE a BINDON, 511 Feeder Weet	
Write "Union Labal" oa Tou Oopy wkaa Tea Seal It te
UNION LAB1L
...Seymoar tie
..Fairmont 80S
..Seymoar 8671
..Seymour 3233„
..'...Seymoar I*
..Seymour 4490
..Seymou 1108
..Seymou 0660
.Highland 1137
. .Seymou 8674
..Seymou 1080
.Fairmont 1888
 N. Van. IS
....Seymou 41
 N Van. 10
.Seymou 8S98
..Ssyaeuaei
..Seymoar 6508
..Sermonr 8584
...Seymou 470
.. Sermonr 8885
..Seymou 8580
.Felmont 681B
..Seymoar 1515
..Seymou 8686
..Sermonr 1814
VICTORIA. B. C: 818 View Street. Phone, 126V. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit snd Ornamental Trees snd Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers snd Funeral Emblems
Maia Store and Registered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymonr 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Btreet.    Phone Seymour 9613
El
Sidelo
Made by the Highest Skilled Union Labor and under tho most sanitary eonditlons by McLeod, Nolan A Co., Makers of "Eldora," London,
Ont., using only the Highest Grades ot Tobacco grown. Positively hand-,
made.   For Sale Everywhere. - *
D. J. ELMER
Sales Manager for B. 0. asd Yukon
3118 ALBERTA ST. VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
CHESTERFIELD—2 for 25o CLUB'HOUSE—3 for 26c
The Sign
SHAMROCK Brasd
Lard        Butter
Ham        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
PAGE SEVEN
LETTERS TO
diers overseas can vote, while those of sol
diers in Canada cannot.
This meana that by election time all the
aoldiers considered safe for the Tories will
have, been shipped overseas,  but  the  con*
scripted men wilt then be soldiers in Canada
under the act, and their wives, mothers and
sisters will have no voice in a matter which
affects them so vitally. ■*
And this foxy bit of legislation was put
Reply to <'Outsider." over on us ostensibly to forestall fake en-
Kdilor. Yednatlonist: In tu 29th Septem-    m$?£\\ Mam_ to me thit under these un-
ber Issue of The Federatlonist, a Utter ap-   favorable conditions, the only thing for work-
peared under tho heading "Wh/ thi Jndeci-   ingraen and socialists to do is to get togother
.    ,,, » and formulate certain demands upon the Lib-
XeiTmu"^!:1*. ssys b„reWn yhb'*'h"r ,uppor',n ,he
causes of the various conditions existing in jjow Dleese do not think that I am ..
capitalist society, thei answer;J» simple. But jjgg fi*fhe U&l WrtrFor man?
before giving It, P«*»I» » /•* •' »»• !»«■ years 1 have voted nothing but straight so
liarities of the worker might be pointed out.   £ialf8t   but {be queItJon we have to face to
In the flrat place,  he confines his efforts   da   j8'not ioCfti£m versus capitalism, but lib-
almost entirely to superficialities, that really   ert    verBUB tyrtnny, and our ultimate Ideals
do not matter at all.    Kmln the Vancou-   mU8t be heId in abeyance for the present,
ver Trades and  Labor council most of the       For  the imMi_ which should be made
df.bate. l,, Uupon iueB»io,nB ,*  i' " not B.citu.*   up<"» the-Llberal party, I suggest, abolition
ally   foolish,   are   at   least   Inconsequent al.   0? enforced mmti^ „„!„, and return to
When any subject of vital importance to the   voiuntlliy enlistment,
working  class,   conacription for instance,  Is       R.iBing the pay of privates to at least
brought up—especially If the question is to   ft dty    •
do with action—there takes place a cleavage,. Doubling of aeparatlon allowances and pen-
those who look at the matter froirt a clasB sions for dependents of privates. All separa-
standpoint on one aide, those who do not, on tion ajbwanoei and pensions for men and
the other. The council really shines at pass- tj,e|r dependents, below the rank of colonel,
Ing resolutions asking tho govornment to t0 be exactly the same,
"control food prices,"  etc., little knowing      <rhe8e  reforms would secure all the re*
that onr maatera are doing all they can in   ;-..u.  — j-j -««.—* 	
that direction, for their own benefit; or pro*
testing at the munitions board giving contracts to eastern firms, ai though It mattered
one jot who the workers are employed by.
Also putting! into effect some card system,
with the object of further solidifying the
ranks of labor, sweetly oblivious of the fact
that, unless our maatera are stopped In their
dslgns on our still-remaining liberty, any organisation, worth the name, will be a thing
of the past.
And on the floor of the union meeting, a
similar state of affairs obtains. The members have their whole mind centered upon
that most Important prerequisite to their
mental tranquility—work—and have never
been known to fall when It came to starting
a discussion on aome little, piffling jurisdictional dispute, that might well be entitled;
"Should Willie Jbnea Oet the Job or I."
The leaders, too, are not above reproach in
this respoct. The reports of business agents,
etc., are lengthy, mediocre affairs; they are
crammed full of detail that has very little
bearing on the general situation. Possibly
the membership considers it Ih getting it'a
money's worth, but, at any rate, it Is very
noticeable that any clear, class conscious position Is seldom, If ever, taken by those who
make their living by "leading" labor.
Very well, then. What Is the trouble!
Why has no actual decision been arrived at I
Because the worker* do not know where they
are at. Those who are In the first call .are
divided on patriotic grounds; they have not
arrived at a point where they can realise that
whether under German rule of British rule,
the worker has a slave's portion coming to
him—and no more. Those who come In the
latter class have the same bug that many of
the voluntary recruits had—the war will be
over befort I get to France—and to expect
them to have enough class instinct to stick
by the "single Blacker" would, of course,
be optimism pure and simple, when the past
actions of these gentry on the- economic field
aro taken into  consideration.
Ignorance.    That's the trouble.
Ib "Outsider" himsolf sound in his position! I'm not at all sure. He speaks of
"this iniquity of conscription" as though
this is the first time that he has come in con'
aiioBB    rBioriun    vrvuiu   secure   ail   100   TS
erulta needed without resorting to compulsion, and would be'at least an approach to
that democracy which the Borden gang love
like the devil la aaid to love holy water, and
would win thousands of soldiers' votes here
and overseas.
Then Instead of the fake conscription of
wealth, which the Tories promise os, let us
demand and pledge the Liberal party to
something approaching the real thing, something even more drastic than they have In
England.
With auch a platform promulgated by the
Liberal party, and properly elaborated and
supported by the workers, we can perhaps
win, but only perhaps.
•au     .     »   „    „ WEBSTER ROGERS.
Phoenix, B. C,  Sept. 24.
Message Prom an Old Vancouwrlta.
Editor Federatlonist: It must be two years
j I?°£e fince m* ■nD- t0 Ti>° Fed. expired,
*n« * ,«el somewhat ashamed at remaining
so delinquent, - but when one Is doing the
tourist trick papera are seldom sure of catching a fellow.   I have been back In Oakland
a year and ought to have renewed my sub.
long ago, but I was mean enough to read
^ut'tl".!."''4'"  inBte" o* doing
W     to help tne P*P*r llo«B-
The fight you    have   made against that
final act of slavery, the conscription bill, is
well worthy of you and your colleagues and
ought to meet with every workingfnan and
woman s hearty approval.
t .£'ter.tiueadJin5 ,"e    Iocal mouthpiece* of
Labor, The Fed. Is a good antidote and revives  one'a ♦dropping spirits.
In passing, I cannot help saying I am
in hearty agreement with the B. C. Federation of Labor, in baJding In reserve the calling of a general Btrike to prevent the operation of the conscription act. Not that I
have lost my faith in the general strike, but
because I have not forgotten the results of
our last attempt. We stilt have craft unions
and agreements, and so far bb I have seen
there Is no desire of the workers on this
continent to adopt any other system of organization, and unless tho B. C. unionists
 „ „.„ 110 „nn ^...b .„ ,on.   f"> P"Pared to drop agreements and all in
tact with iniquity. Has he not realised tha SSf ?pPMlti(m to conscription I can seo no
continual infamy of tho whole oeSwist m- «™?e i .£UCceSB o( a gencral atrike- An*
tem, Doos conscription, then. soSm so much SH^fiPiBiSJ KT"i. to»d2 *"■•
I, worse than the perpetual slavery of the vast taiEZLfE' « /? ! resd .in. Th? Ped" the
Uiass of the working class, and the revolting JESS*' fe.B'.?'«li.r,g,,I,lV i,B old'tlme
Ifeffects of that slavery! .Conscription is th? #"£*ft iZeVKhT^i \ ""V l2 Beo
logical outcome of the capitalist system Just 11 g ffl the w»* '" America for a
as the war Itself is, and So log\& irmraeJt tiff L^V6""..8^6"1 8nd would "*"'*
can bo put-up against It but the argXn ^^__?J" '&■&? ™«>er aetback.
that the only enemy the workers have is the .. S Ye< h*llng the ""enness of the courts
capitalist class. The majority of the slave? BfftLdJi'lfS! ft** UMm Hn in
are not educated along class lines suftlciontly ffl?Jn£SKii2 Se.iI°W.f-l?' "£ now
tn accept that v ewpo nt, and conseauentlv l? whitewashing of the arch-traitor, Oxman.
they aA found today to be d suS ffi l_SJ?U^S^ ^°'k! '0.r * lw«* ««
fogged, servile. Having the smallest amount of graj. matter,
Thc workers have stood for soup kitchens f?.". i£ -ByJ mP°ct '« tho courts after
jails, rotten conditions on the Job"low wages 51'' -Ll**0*?*yY ?0,«P^chen''lo,,• And- to
and the prospect of "over the hill to the "Jlkf S ™', r,,.^" #"l?Vemenli U po'
poorhouse" for t_ long time now, and I fear faS^.C™iSK> ?uibI™ feUowworkm i
that conscription is not so much worse tban H™ }£? ZuH'H T^!""8 ,0 l$ loosc-
thoir usual condition that revolt is Inevitable. RnJn JggL mtLd8i °' a» ^is turmoil of war
but there are signs on the horiion that fndl- h%htS jimZPli fem? A0 bo dawninit »
cate an advance. The workers, although not &Mer Ja,■ »t least it soems so to me.
becoming socialistic, aro beginning to look f&m the "Pl™dld example of our Russian
at class knowledge as though it were almost gJ""- <»*»» «» «jJM in Australia.
reasonablP, and some of the returned soldiers ^, " t*!! flome reBuI,B imon* *•» workers
are  Included   tn   this,   so  the   "always   has       f„     !?'«   ,      ,.
been  and always will be" crank {.Lti   th}\»S^iS"',? may L11*!"8* y°«t» ,•">«*
lose his popularity. i    a,   t     ,ed- i* "Wded very  highly by
( However, thoso who understood their posl- iff ,3..£!!![r^Hfc^^#B^ 1 have h"d
Hon had their minds made up when the war *h*t fi6,?'?™; °,|Sft' H?pIng thU wi"
flrst started as to whether they were going ML<alJB/?.B , °,' that Important personage,
or not, and all I can hope Is, that "Out- ibB COnaor' J *m' '
sider will not fall when the time comes.
Yours for the revolution.
AMBROSE TREE.
Iionttshoreinen'R  Union,
Vancouvor, B. C, Sept. 28.
the Street Railway Employees' union, arbitration of the existing dispute, and that discrimination should cease, and    '
■'Whereas, the city council refused to obey
the instructions of said meeting, and neglected their manifest duty, to auch an extent
that the minister of Labor had to atep over
the council's head and appoint a representative of the city upon the arbitration board,
thus complying as far as possible with the
request of the meeting of Sept. 18th, and
('Whereas, by their action since eald meeting, the oity council has shown that they intend to Ignore the expressed will of the electors; that they, intend to back up the moat
extreme acts of discrimination by Trafflc
Superintendent Moir, as wae shown in the
oases of Messrs. Zelle and England; now,
therefore, be It
"Resolved, that this mass meeting of electors of Edmonton, hereby ratify, reiterate,
and endorse the resolution passed Sept. 18th,
and already telegraphed to the minister of
Labor; and further *.
"We thank the hon. the minister of Labor
for hia aetion; and
"In view of City Solicitor Bown's published telegram to the minister, asking that the
meeting of citlsens of the 18th Sept. be Ignored, aa an Insignificant minority, has
shown hla prejudice and unfairness ln thia
Issue, we requAt that another solicitor be
chosen io represent the city before the arbitration board; and
"We most atrenuously censure the action
of the city council In this whole matter, not
only eince Sept. let, but as well the action,
or lack of action, of the committee of Auguat
14th, Messrs. Aldermen Wilson, Kinney and
Mayor Henry, In not insisting that the whole
couneil ahould deal with this matter before
Sept. 1st; and
"We also cenaure aald committee for not
even yet having made any report upon thla
Important matter."
Copy of Resolution No. 8.
"Whereas, an organised effort, countenanced by the olty council, la under way to
take some of the taxes off vacant lota, and
shift It to tho Improvement* of tho residents
who mako the city; and
"Whereas, lb order to give a color of
right or excuse for thia action a aeries of
meetinga. aro under way asking for oplniona
from all classes of citlsens except the email
home-owner and the man who earns wagea In
the elty ond le a regular customer of tho
stores and other places whose taxes are to bo
increased, this Increase to be added to prlcea
to the customer; therefore be tt
"Resolved, tnat thla meeting proteata
against any change In the syatem of taxation
In thla elty, which haa for Its purpose the
reduction of taxea on vacant lots and large
or small speculative land-owners, Invariably
held out of use, and the placing of the
taxes taken off the land speculator onto, the
residents of the city, by either taxes on In*
dustry, Improvements on land or exorbitant
.licensee to carry on auch businesses as physicians, lawyera, commercial travellers and
other professional or near-professional callings, and
"We demand that the city council pay
more attention to managing the outness ot
the cltisens who live here, and give less attention to the absentee speculators who own
approximately one-third of the. land of the
city, all held out of use and for speculation
regardless of the welfare of the city, and
whose grasping exactions and Inflated prices
generally engineered through local agents,
who are now the leaders in the proposed
tax change, did most to bring the eity to lta
present condition or near bankruptcy, chaos
and stagnation."
Edmonton, Alta., Sept. 27.
Oakland,, Cal., Sept. 25.
E.  STAPLES.
Strike SHU On In Ariiona.
Editor Federationist: I see by your capitalist press that falsehoods aro atill being
circulated ahout the striko hen1 in'Olobe and
Miami. Tho Btrike is atill going strong, and
will not bo settled until tho mining companies accede to the union's demands. We
aro only demanding the right to exist as becomes men, but the Phelps'Dodge concern is
trying its best to reduce tho workers td the
condition of abject slaves. This unscrupulous concorn Is trying to make of Globe and
Jsliaml a sort of Phelps-Dodge Russia, as lt
'has already made of Bisbee. Bccket, of the
Phelps-Dodge outfit, is doing all ln his power
In the way of spreading falsehoods to gain
the company's ends, If Bccket should ever
utter a truth tn connection with the matter
of dealing with employees, it would undoubtedly bo accidental and would probably choke
him to death.
The unions hero not only have to fight the
employing concerns, but also Loyalty Leagues,
Home Guards, gunmen and United States
troops, Gnumon are hore by the hundreds.
The strike has now boen on for twelve weeks,
but no black eye around the placo yet.
Every gunman is a law-making power unto
himself. It is a flne system, in fact an Ideal
one from the capitalist standpoint.
As the companies find It more and more
impossible to get scabs to man their plants
they becomo more reckless and desperate In
their campaign of deceit and lying. The
Mormon chmch has now come to their rescue, and Is bitterly fighting the unions. We
have a few weaklings hore who have turned
seal). They are hoisting engineers, electricians and carpenters, but miners, machinists,
boilermakers and iron workers remain firm,
and refuse to scab upon themselves and their
kind. Thoy are ready to carry on the strike
twelve months longer, If necessary.
Wo ask that all union men of British Columbia stay away from this district. Do not
be led away by falsehood and misrepresentation. We have got to fight until we break
the BLACKLIST system, and make It possible to live in the district without becoming
abject slaves to ruthless capitalist corporations.
WM. SIMPSON.
Miami, Ariz.,  Oct.  1.
What Oan Bo Dono, Politically?
Editor Federatlonist: Now that the Trades
and Lnbor Congress of Canada has definitely
decided not to call a general striko. It behooves us working men to see what can bo
dono in tho political field tn make Honli-n
snd his bunch of Tory four-flushers, who
have mado tho British North America Act a
scrap of paper, realise that we do not Intend
to leave tho cause of democracy to their ton-
der mercies.  * *
The idea of a general strike may now be
dismissed, fnr without the co-operation of tho
rest of the Dominion, It will be Quixotic for
a few thousand men ln British Columbia to
attempt to bring tho war lords of Ottawa to
their knees.
As for active resistance to the law. which,
by the way, is nothing bettor than mob law,
as it is passed by a bunch of usurpers whose
legal term of offico expired long ago, and
who have no mandate from the people tn
perpetuato themselves in authority, It is
equally useless to talk of this.
KrtipBB Tyrannus has tho guns, the money
and the prestige which authority, legal or
otherwise, gives.
Thc mattor of resistance or evasion of the
edict of tho "Press Gang" bnd better bo
left to the individual recruit. For if an tin-
willing conscript has not the wit or the grit
to dovlso some meana of making himself uso-
loss to tho military authorities, ho should bo
Bent to tho front and promptly killed off as
a wenkllnir and undesirable member of the
working clnss.
I could name a dozen ways in which this
could be done, but I am a thoroughly law-
abiding citizen,
Hut If wo wish to bust Borden, et. al„
from tlie "sents of the niichlv" nt Ottnwa,
nnd prevent somo thousands of working class
youths lii-inn mado pawns tin the chessboard
nf a thieves' game, then pnlitien] nctlnn is
tlii> only weapon we havo available at present.
Hut this wenpon will be nf no use to us If
„.' nre going to divide our stronitth between
Llhernl. Labor nnd  Socialist candidates.
Hnndienpped by the* provisions of the In-
fninnus "War-time Elections Act," It will
require all the united strength of those opposed to militarism to accomplish victory.
By the way, there la one feature of thia
aot which seems to have escaped notice, but
which no doubt the authors thereof have
safely tucked awav in the back of thslr heads.
Under the act, the female relatives of sol-
The Law.
Editor Federatlonist: Whilst It would be
positively illegal to question "legal" law,
amendments to legal laws, and legal mandates Imposed by a legal representative order-
in-council, it Is woll within the scope of the
laws of citizenship, as defined by Che tty and
HI aek h to no, to analyze and criticise past,
future and present legislation enacted at Ottawa.
In tho firat Instance, we have the statement of the leader of the opposition, "that
tho position of the present government assembly is Illegal." Hence tt ts somewhat embarrassing to take seriously laws that the
right honorable gentleman admits has no
logal base, by virtue of its illegal source.
The rights of the people were defined at
the signing of the "Magna Charta," clearly
sotting forth the fact that his majesty, or his
majesty's Imperial parliament, have not tbe
power to wreck the base on which the constitutional lawe rest. Hence In Canada, it
would be a breach of privilege, for the lm-
Berlal parliament to prolong the life of the
lomlnlon parliament.
My contention Is upheld by Ihe supreme
courts judges and jurists of America and
Great Britain, relative to precedent and case
events. Law must have its base, aome tangible base on tylch to upbuild, hence the
legatlty of the prolonging of parliament Is
simply based on precedent event, the legality of ita position has never been question
on a point of absolute Illegality, but rather
as a precedent sufferance. The complex confusion of the thousands of volumes quoting,
for Instance, Rex versus Jones, takes us away
from the baste principles of common law.
What happened tn Rex-Jones, does not clinch
or define wbat ahould happen ln Rex-Smith,
else law would become a matter of comparison. Simply because the life of parliament has been prolonged tn the past, thla In
itself doea not declare its legality.
Any court of summary jurisdiction making
a trial based upon Dominion statutes enacted
since the life of parliament expired, by all
lawn of jurisprudence, Is In danger of committing a grave miscarriage of justice, to put
It mildly.
Aftor Its term has expired, the life of parliament automatically dissolves, and all laws
from that date passed, become null and void.
A change In the constitutional lawn of a
country requires a mandate from Its citlsens,
that Is, wherever Ihe original laws of the
bane on which the constitutional lawa rest,
undergo a change, otherwise the peoplo of
that country would be subject to absolute
rule  from armed power.
Quoting Blackstone on the "Lawn of Citizenship," "breaking tho constitutional laws,
or aiding and abetting—shall be guilty before
and after the fact." This is generalising,
but to quote a case for instanre:
A demand for the immedinte resignation
of the premier and his parliament on the
grounds of "nlding nnd abetting In a disturbance of tho peace in Montreal as defined
In the records of the trial court. The defendants to be charged with ftullt before and
after the fact with causing illegal assembly,
discharging of firearms and riotous conduct.
An unprejudiced court, taking commbn law
as Its baso, would have no alternative, but a
caso against dofendants, the latter being
equally guilty as tho actual defendant), that
hayo been tried. They cannot claim parliamentary privileges, and under cover of parliamentary duties they are not Immune from
arrest, for the obvious reason that defendants do not consist of a premier and of
government representatives, are nnt now. or
at tho timo of the committal of the nffence.
6. II. COOKE.
17   Hastings   street.
Editor Federationist: Being secretary of
the Edmonton mass meeting, which passed
the two resolutions, copies of which aro enclosed, unanimously, and being Instructed to
send the samo to those most Interested, and
having already noted that not a word regarding samo appeared In ono of our city papers,
I nm sending snmo to you. Already gross
misreprenontation has gono forth as to the
failure of the singlo or land tax system in
vogue here, and the resolution so unanimously endorsed by over 400 citizens, on the
ground, may convey a different Impression.
H.-irtinlint: the Hrn-t rnilwny luck-out nf
our city council, tlie resolution is self explanatory, nnd shows thnt, even under municipal ownership. Labor must fitcht for Its
rights  for slmplo Justice,   every Inch of (ho
way.
CHAS.   DEVINE.
Secretary Mass Meeting.
Oopy of Resolution IT*. 1.
Whereas,   on  the   18th  September,   the
citizens of Edmonton, In meeting assembled,
called by the mayor, onder the charter provisions, a molDtloo waa unanimously passed,
demanding among other thingi, rooofiltloo of
"Pitt."   Still at Tranqullle.
Editor Federatlonist: I bave this week received a letter from our mutual friend, H. H.
Fltigerald, who is. still at the Tranqullle
Haniatrium, near Kamloops, The latter por
tlon may be of Interest to your readers.
"     . .     Down  bere  the signs of
coming winter are growing numerous. Mint
covers the bills every morning, and there la
a bite In the air which makes one more res-
fectful of man's best friend, the blanket.
lies are not so aggressive, and the mosquito
Is with the glories and pains of other days.
White elad doctora and patients are not ao
conspicuous' as they were and wearing apparel of dark colors proclaim the coming of
a new and colder season. Ducks are tempting the stronger membera of our little community, to shoulder rifles and tramp the
roads, fields, and sand bar, and most of
them return with nothing but wild duck
laughter In their ears. The evenings come
swiftly now, and the breaking day lingers as
though loth to strip, the veil of night from a
palu-curaed world, fjwallowa are wheeling
this way and that coaching their young for
the battle of life and preparing for their long
journey to the south, where sunny aklea and
soft breezes prevail. Yes. The pall-la here.
Loaden aklea assert It, and ao does the weakening sun. The leavea are not falling yet,
but their time Is near, and soon, In their
brown, yellow and golden tints, they will return to earth, even aa aball we. May onr
falling be as light as theirs. Happy should
we be If like them we could pass from life
to death without having done aught of 111
during our brief sojourn."
W. J. CURRY.
Vancouver, Oct. 8.
Appreciates Tho Federatlonist.
Editor Federatlonist: " . . . We take
turns in going for the mails, 28 miles to
Terrace, B. C, every two weeks from tbis
camp. There are two copies of The Fed.
coming, and they aure go the rounds; this
because they make refreshing reading after
a Vancouver World or the Family Herald.
.    . There are lots of men here afraid
to take a Labor paper, but at that we have
a good bunch, mostly prospectors. It la
only a question of transportation to make
this camp hum. The Thomas outfit of Wales
have held the railway charter for yeara without even a survey line yet; therefore, another
"lord" and "our resources" are being conserved. Mr. Doullng, of the government
telegraph line, Is Inquiring after the ages of
employees, and getting them ready for—
what! .With best wishes to yourself and
The Federatlonist, I am, youn,
PROSPECTOR.
Rosewood, B. C, Sept. 26.
Thete Few Lines Bring a Message to Mea
of Better Suits at Moderate Prices
■"■"-■-Mil       I II    s II   ^^^^^—^^MMS—SI       —I.I   I      ,——»^———
Aad you will be gtad 70a came to Spencer's to look them over and
see for yourself whether they actually were better worth your money
than suits you might have bought elsewhere. You will have to rely on
our experience—our judgment Of doth and tailoring in the matter of
near and satisfaction, but your own eyes will attest the style, the excellence and up-to-dateness of style and shape.
There are suits here that we are confident have no equals hereabouts
at the price.   Notably:
A subdued dark purple check wonted
at 132.50. '
The tlnest of blaok and grey checks
ln an  unfinished wonted.  987.50
A   dark  tny   with   a   faint   wine
stripe, 938.80.
A plain grey wonted, a splendid of*
See suit, 910.00.
A grey pin atrlpo wonted, 920.00,
A email cheeked tweed, 980.00.
A   dark   grey   tweed—a    wonderful
value, 910-00.
A dark gray cheek tweod, 916.00
A brown worsted In a plnheed pattern, 910.00.
Amply illustrating the fact tkat wo
have good suits at the lower prices
as well as the higher ones.
Young Men's Suits
of thc aame order Include:
A  brown  tweed   "pinch-back"  with
patch pockets, 916.00.
A  brown  cheek  "pinch-back"   with
patch pockets, 118.00.
A brown diagonal ''pinch-back" with
patch pockets, 015.00.
A fancy brown "pinch-back" tweed
ault, with patch pockets, 990.00.
A form-fitting tweed salt In black
snd white check with slant pockets
and cuffed sleeve, 017.09*
A navy bias    Irish    sorgo
back" with slant pockets,
"pinch-
990.00.
A fancy grey overeheck tweed "plaeh-
baek,*r with patch pockets, 015.00.
—Uoa'a Store, Mala Floor.
DAVID SPENCER UMITED
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR OOUNOIL-MKTB
fnt sod third Thundsya.'Eieeitlvo
board: Preaident, J. Kavanagh; vlce-preal-
dent, J. Hobble; general iecretary, Victor
R, Mldgley; treasurer, Fnd Knowles; aer-
Eant-et-arms, Oeo. Harriion: tmteei, J. H.
cVety, 0. J. Kelly, A McDonald, A J.
Crawford.    v
ALUID PRINTINO TRAOI8 OOUNCIL-
Moots  eecond  Monday  ta  tko  moath
Prosldent, Oeo. Bartley;   iientary, ft. H.
Neelands, P. 0, Box 90.	
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 670.—OMso.
Room 200 Labor Toaiplo. Moots int
Sanday of oaoh month. Prosidont. Jamaa
Campbell: Inanelal secretary, J. Smith, 610
Holdon Bldg. j Box 424; phono fiey. 4572;
neordlng sscretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe
Hotel, Main stroot.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION
al Union of America. Local No. 120—
Meets Sad aad 4th Ta*sdeya la tho moath.
Room 905 Ubor Temple. Preaident. L. R
Herrltt; aecreUry. fi, H. Grant, 1071 Alberni
itreet.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS, NO. 1—
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 0 pm.,
Room 907. Prealdeat, Chaa. P. Smith; oer-
responding aeeretary, W. fi. Dagnall, Bos 59,
Inanelal eecretary, W. J. Pipes.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, Local
No. 017—Meeta every first and third Monday evening, 0 p.m., Labor Temple, Pnaldent, R. W. Hatley; flnanolal secretary, O.
Thom; neordlng secretary, Q. H. Hardy,
Room 208, Labor Temple.   Phone, Sey. 7405.
BREWERY WORKERA. U U. Xtf. 901* I. U.
U. B. W. of i-—M«U flnt aad third
i Wednesday of each moath, Room 902, Labor
1 Tomple, 8 p.m.   Passldoat, P. Graham; soars*
tary, AE. AaheroTt, Baits 1, 1799 Foarth
avenne west.
BROTHERHOOD    OF   BOILER    —
and Iron Ship Bulldera and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Moots
every Monday, 6 p.m. President, A Campbell, 220 2nd atreet; secretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe atnet; bualneaa
agent, J, H. Cannlchael, room 212 Labor
Temple.	
INTBRNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM ABD
OPERATING   ENGINEERS — Looal   No.
690. Moota every Monday, 7:10 p.m., Labor
Iemple. Prealdeat, D. Hodges; vlce-preal*
ent, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tomplo.
Phono Sey. 7405.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF TBI
Pacific—Meeta at 497 Gore avenue oven
Tuesday, 7 p-m.   Russell Kearley, baaiaeat
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 911
—Meets la  Boomii205.j Labor Tample
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
aoelatloa, Local 00-69—Ofloe ond hall,
004 Pender stroot oast. MMta every Thun-
day 6 p.m. Soeretary-treacorar, F. Chapman;
baslaess agent, J. _____ Kelly.
I. L. A., LOOAL 99-59 AUXILIARY—(Marine Warehousemen aad Freight Handiere)
headiuerten, 414 Howe atreet. MMta flnt
sad third Wednesday, 9 pm. Secretary aad
business agent, E. winch.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS |
FiteM Is,<n 1 W. ILTkasBfsM, Am Sit.
Uew weeJSatUti tt. Jaim, tto Lntaa
stmt.   Koatsu? Dlslrial: A. Omtwtt, Baa
SS. TMU.   S3. ltalV.ll—. m  «7~.
M. Tistt. ,.  „. _ ,mr
lit*,  ne  uete.net  .?mo..   femur-
trsaairar: A. 8. Walls. Bn till, TltMlts,
B. 0.
ltt,   MsFkuSM   imu.    mS—SS:
wsotoatA. a. o.
VICTOHU TBADES AND LABOB OODB-
OIL—MmU list ud IUr< Wttaeeter,
Lsbor Hall MM OoTwnro.nl stmt, tt •
pja. Pr.lld.nLE. Chriatepkar, Bos 1ST)
TlasptNliaot, OMsUu SlTstts, UTS DM-
man stroot; soarstarr, B, Blaassoss, Bn SOS,
Vlatorlt, B. ft	
nm wBimnritBB. 1. o.
BABTENDIBb" INTERNATIONAL 1*11001
o( Am.rlea, local TSt, NaT Waatmlaatar.
■sots sooosd Eaodaro! oaoh stoatk it 1-10
tm.   Boorottrr, r. w. lemmea. Bu ttt.
rEDTOB BOPBBT. B. ft
PBINOE BOPEBT TBADBS MD LABOB
Ooutlt—Hoots aooond ud losrtk Ttas-
dtra of oaoh moath, li Ooipoaton' htU. Pro-
oldtat, B. D. llaaduaM; aaorotaar, J. I.
Aidtrsos, Bu ITS, Prlaao Btport, B. ft
SOOTH WELUBOTOB. V. X,
LOOAL ONION. NO. lit, U. H. W. OF A.—
Haata s.aoad ud foarth EudtT W aath
■oath, it I.SO pa, Blohtida HaB. Prttl-
dont, Walter Head; vleo-pnold.nt, A. Wnt-
lejr; roeordlnf secretary, /sa. Bateman; lata*
elal secretary, W. Ifaoduald; treaanrer, J.
H. Richardson.
TBAIL, B. 0.
BROTHERHOOD  OP  CARPENTERS  AND
JOINERS, Local No. 285—MeeU In Miner*' Hall erery Wedneaday, 7:80 p.m.   Pre-
sldent *: seeretary,  Jamea Graham,
Boa S., Trail, B. 0.
t. Parliament                    0. Toreatt
MEET ME AT
Pastime Pocket
Billiard Parlor
—TWELVE NEW TABUS—   .
(Brnnawlck.Balke Ooltender Co.)
42 Hastings St., East
Another Wm. Dick, Ltd., Storo,
The Stratheona hotel, Hastings etreet,
will shortly make its debut as a clothing
and gentlemen's furnishing store, under the
name of Dicks, Limited. The new store
will be under the management of Mr. Hugble
Dick, now manager of Wm. Dick, Limited,
and will feature a complete line of American
clothing. The necessary alterations are being
rushed to completion and the store will be
opened for business sbout tbe middle of next
week. ***
Fall and Winter styles are here—you
nover put yon foot Into better footwear.
THE "MONARCH" SHOE
THE "SLATER" 8HOE
THE "J. k T. BELL" 8H0E
THE "LEOKIE"  SHOE
97.50 to $12.00
liiiM.m or lace—with or without
"Neolln" solea Other lines of Men's
Shoes from 14.60 to 96.00.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
849 HASTINOB 8TEBET WEST
Opp. Rank of Commerce
NEWS STANDS
Tho Federationist is for sale In
Vancouver at the following news
standi:
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
134 Hastings Street East
P. 0. NEWS STANDS,
Foot Oranvillo Street
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Corner Hastings and Columbia
WHY ZS
THE     TELEPHONE      DIRECTORY
AM     EXCELLENT     ADVERTISING
MEDIUM?
Its circulation of 85,000 Is nmong
all classes of people on thu Lower
Mainland. It reaches everybody who
reads. There Is no waste circulation.
People depend on the reliable Information In the directory and refer to it.
The directory is referred to at least
180,000 times dally.
Where is there better or more persistent publicity I
BRITISH 00LVM1U TRL1PHONI
COMMIT. LIMITED
MACHINISTS. NO. in—MEETS SEOOND
aad foarth Thunders at • p.m. Prealdeat, Wm, flsutl; roeerdlag seeretary, J.
Brooks; Inanelal sserstary. tl. H. MeVeiy,
IU Ubor Tomplo.   Soymonr T4M,
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
ton' Union, Local 141, I, A. T. 6. E. I
M. P. M. 0.—MeeU Int Sunday of eacl
month, Room 804, Labor Templo, President
3. R. rosteri business agent, Bam Haigh,
Inanclal aad oorrospoadlaf aecreUry, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Boa 144.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets seooad and foarth Mondays,
Room 804, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, All Grant atroot: Inanelal see*
retary, J. Lyons, 1848 Venables atreet; ro*
cording secreUry, E. Westmoreland, I34T Pt.
Orey road.    Phono Bayvlew	
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local No.
138—Meete aecond and fourth Thursdays
of osch month, room 803, Labor Temple.
Preeldent, H. Pink; vloo-preeldent, R.
Spring; financial secretary, G. H. Weston;
recording secretary, D. Lemon, room 908,
Labor Temple.	
RETAIL CLERKS' UNION—LOCAL 279—
Meets in Labor Temple every flrst and
third Tuesdays, 8: IS p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Olen, 1073 Melville
street, phone Sey.  B846R.	
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION, No. 1888
—Meets second and fourth Fridays of eaeh
month, 8 p.m., Lsbor Temple. Preaident, C.
Soams; recording secretary, W. Hardy, 448
23rd street west, North Vaneoaver; financial
seeretary, 8. Phelps.
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
MeeU Labor Temple, seeond and fonrth Wednesdays st I p.m. President, J. Hobble;
vice-president. E. 8. Cleveland: recording aeo.
Ury, A. V. Lofting,   8811   Trinity   street.
(hone Highland 188R; flnanclal aeeretary and
uainess agent, Fred A. Hooter, 8408 Clark
drive, ofl.ee eorner Prior aad Mala streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
Amerlcs, Local No. 178— Meetings held
first Monday In each month, 8, p.m. Preeldent. J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Boi 603; financial aeeretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 508.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHAUFFEURS UNION—Local No. 655—Meets
every Wednesday nt 8 p.m. President, J, H.
McVety; btmlneNK agent, J. F, Poole, 4111
Twenty-Unit avenue caxt. Phone, Fairmont
71511; financial Kecretnry, Bert Shnwler,
1070 Hull-mi street, phone Seymour 5679,
Ofllr.', room liO-Hj  Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 225—Meete
last Sunday of each month si 8 p.m.
President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. 0. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 80.
Every Union Man Wbo Visits
tba Latwr Tempi*
'Should pttroniie tbe
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
COSTS NO HOBS,
BUT IT ALL HELPS
SHRH'S BOTIOa WOBKS
Haaulltshtaf, bnttoaa asTaraa\ seal-
lapplat, ballea belM, pllklaf. apoar
1st aaa skluUaf, latterlar, plsot adg-
Uf,   plaatlaf,   nealif,   embroldwr,
SM Otamllla It.     ISIS Dmjdas II
noae tty. sitl        rUMllso
It looks like real
winter weather
at this writing
—the kind of weather thnt trys
men's souls—and Footwear.
Oet yourself   equipped   with a
ptiir of thc Miirily-jiiUt'iitlivr
LECKIE
BOOTS
nnd you can laugh nt the weather
like "Cupid laughs at locksmiths."
LECKIE BOOTS
—made in British Columbia by
British Columbians from British
Columbia hides—every puir worthy your loyal support from Bheer
merit alone, however.
Your dealer sells  them.
Look for the name "LECKIE"
on every pair.
Tho   quality   goes   IN   beforo
the   name   jjoes
"LECKIE."
ON—that's
WE WILL KEEP YOUR FAMILY ON THE PAYROLL
WHEN YOUR NAME DROPS OFF
THE MONARCH LIFE ASSURANCE CO.
0. A. CBTSDALE, Manager for B. C.
411 ROGERS BUILDING
Phons Ssy. 0770 for appointment and we trill arrange lame for your
eonveaionee. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
£
High-grade Dental services at
prices you can afford to pay
'f
Phone
Seymour 3314
Evenings by
Appointment
Union Made Footwear
Wc handle as far as possible Union Made Shoes.
Our good Union Shoes are the most profitable shoes to
buy. They cost you no more at the outstart and they always
prove far cheaper at the finish.
We Solicit Tour Trade, Mr. Union Workingman
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 ORANVILLE STREET
You'll be perfectly
satisfied with
EMPRESS COFFEE
If you aren 't, take it to your grocer
and get your money back.
—Perfectly pure
—Delightful aroma.
—Fnll strength.
Packed br
Empress M'fg Co.
Hems sf Pars Food Products .
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
LOOAL TBADBS TOION DIREOTOBT
landa. Box 66.
Barbara—B. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenne
weat.
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Bos 43d.
BlackMnltha—Malcolm Porter, View Hill, B.
0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 188S Thirty-
fourth avenoe eaat.
Bollermakera—A. Truer, 1151 Howe atreet.
Boot sad Shoe Workera —Tom Cory, 188
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workera—A. E. Aihcroft, Salts 1,
1788 Fourth Ave. West.
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Lsbor Templt.
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlitrlet Connell
—0. H. Psiet Room 808, Labor Templo.
Brothorhood ol Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Sollowey, 1167 Hsrwood atreet.    Seymour
1846B
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen snd Enginemen—H. 0. Savage, 1888 Hornby St.
Brotherhood ol Railway Csrmen—
Brotherhood    of   Uaintenanee-ol-Way   Em-
ployees—E. Corado, 886 Clark drive.
Building Tradee Conncil—Victor B. Mldgley,
Room 810, Lsbor Temple.
Butchers and Meat Cnttera—Alex. Morrison,
82 Eleventh avenue weat.
Cigarmakers—R. Craig, eare Van Loo Clgsr
Factory, Georgia etreet.
City Firemen's Union—8yd. Jackson, Ro. 8
Firo Hall, Seymonr etreet.
Civic Employees—G* Harrison, 1488 Kitchen*
er street.
■ Civic  Employees,   North  Vancouver—0.   T.
Jenkin, 163 Sixth street west, North Vancouver.
Cooke, Wattera, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 209, Labor Temple.
Deep  Sea  Flshennen'a Union—D.  fl.  Gill,
437 Gore avenne,
Electrical Workera—E. H. Morrison,  Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and  Operating)—W.  A,
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite   Cnttera—Edward   Hurry,   Colombia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Tern-
* pis.
Bod Carrlen and Building Laborera—Labor
Temple
Lathers—Thoa. Anderson, 481 Seventh avenue eaat.
Latter    Carrlen—Robt.    Wight,    177—17th
avenne weat.
Longshoremen—F.  Chapman,    801    Pender
street west.,
Longshoremen'!    Auxiliary,    No.    38-52—E.
Winch,  1218 Howe etreet.
Machinists—J.  Brooks,  Room   811,   Labor
Temple.
Machinists,  No.  777—W.   Street,   12  Frazer
block, North Vancouver.
Machinists.   No.   720     (Onragemen)—H,  H.
Trail. 746 Gilford street.
Musicians—E. J. Jamieson, Hoom 805, Labor
Temple.
Molders—G.   F.   Nichols,   121   Sixth   avenne
west.
Moving Picture Operators—A. 0. Hansen. P.
0. Boi 846,
Older ol Railroad Conductors—0. Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—D.    Lemon,    Room    80S,    Labor
Temple.
Plumbers—J.  Hays,    Room   206%,     Labor
Temple, Phone Seymour 8611.
Pile   Drivers   and   wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia Bt.
Press Asslstanta—
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 8376 Fourteen Ave.
weat.   Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey road.
Railway Mall Clerks-
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melville atnet.
Seamen's Union—W.  B. Buns, P. 0. Boa
1166.
Strnetursl   Iran   Worken—Roy   Massecar,
Room 308, Lsbor Tsmple.
Stonecutters—
Sheet Metal Worken—
Shipwrights and Caulkers—Room 212, Labor
Temple,
Shipyard Laboren* Union—W. Hardy,   445
38rd Street Weat, North Vsneouver, B.C.
Steam Shovel snd Dndgemen—Okas. Fens.
05 Powell atnet.
Street Railway Employeea—A.  V.  Lotting,
8561 Trinity stnet.
Stereotypers—W. Bsyley, ean Province.
Telegnphera—E. B. Poppln, Boa 141,
Tallore—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Teamsten    and    Chauffeurs,    No,    655—B.
Showier, 1076 Robson street.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln,
Boi Til.
Tllelayers  and Helpers—A,  Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenne esst.
Trades and Labor Conncil—Victor R. Midg
_ ley, Room 310, Labor Temple.
Typognphieal—H. Neelsnda, Boi 66.
BUSHTRSB AORRT DIRECTORY
Ask for Labor Temple 'Phons Eichange,
Seymonr 7486 (unless othsrwiae stated)
Boilermakers—J. H. Oarmlchael, Room 212,
Labor Temple.
Bridge and  Structural Iron Worken—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood ol Carpenten, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood ol Carpentera, No, 3647—F. L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207.    Sey. 8610.
Cooks and Watters—A Graham. Room 200.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue. Office phone, Seymonr 4704;  residence,  Fairmont  1826X.
Longshoremen's Association—Gordon J.
Kelly, 804 Pender street weat; phone Sey.
6859.
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 486 Howe
atreet.    Pbone Sey   6859.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving Picture Operators—S. Halg, Room
304.
Musicians—E. A, Jamieson, Room 805.
Palnten—H. Grand, Room 803.
Pattern Makers—H. T, Nlghtscales, Room
212 Labor Temple.
Pile Driven snd Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides, Room 206%.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%.      Sey.
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Heatings street
west.    Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders' Laborers—W. Hardy, Room
217, Labor Temple.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—J. Bromfleld,
Room 212, Labor Templo.
Stago  Employee!)—H.  Pearson,  Room  804.
Steam and Operating Englneera —W. A.
Alexandar, Room 216.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Prior. Phone eichange
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont 541R.
Teamstere—.T. F. Pool, Room 20fl&.
Trades and Labor Couneil—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210.
Typographical—R.  H.  Neelands,  Room  206.
I RIOTOUS LIVING
OF THE ME OF
A Few Observations About
His Joy Rides and
Dissipations
—FEDEBAtlONIST PHONE-
BET. 7495
APTEE 6 p.m.—SET. 7497K
Peerless
Near Beer
There is no other beverage available that will
refresh and revive like a glass of delicious Peerless
Near-Beer, which is brewed by union workmen, in
the most modern plant on the Pacific Coast.
For sale at ail hotels,
brewery.
Brewed and bottled at the
Vancouver Breweries Limited
The Facts of His Daily Life
vs. the Theories of
Cheap Scribes
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., Oct. 1.
—By a .mistake on the part of our
secretary a meeting waa advertised for
Sunday, Sept. 23, instead of Sept. 30.
That may have been responsible for the
non-attendance of our membership, but
more than likely the "facts" brought
out by that family journal, the Vnncouver Daily World, were responsible.
So many of the miners are spending
their ill-gotten gains in buying motor
cars, and are so buBy joy-riding that
the production of coal is suffering thereby, and incidentally, they cannot attond their union meetings when cavorting round the country in magnificent touring cars, visiting cabaret
shows in Seattle, taking trips to Palm
Beach, etc., and in general wasting
their money -in riotous living, instead
of hopping about from twig to twig
in the spreading branches of a stately coal mine. This m'ast be true for
it was published in the 'World of Tuesday, Sept. 25. Possibly there may be
more motor cars distributed. amongst
the greedy coal miners when the
World's circulation competition closes.
City Purchasing Agent Stuart of
Vancouver apparently supplied the
basis of the article which emanated
from the pen of one of the World'B
yellow journalists.
The Gladsome Brainstorm.
Such brainstorms make a person
glad that prohibition became effective
on October 1. The World'B scribe
must have had some jag to aee things
like that. He must have visited South
Wellington one day and Been the miners
riding to work on a flat car or on top
of a loaded coal car, and w-e, who
know the imagination of a scribe on
a plute "newspaper," can guess the
reBt.
Listen to this gem : "The island
miner quits when he haa made enough
money to pay his grocery bill and other
necessities, including gasoline for his
car; he just quits for the rest of the
week, which frequently iB the lastithree
daya. He makes $7,60 a day and three
days of that is sufficient to satisy hia
simple needs." According to City
Purchasing Agent Stuart, this is the
reason why there iB talk of a coal shortage next winter. The two big collieries are 2,400 men short, and still
they can afford to operate their blacklist; and still the powers-1 hat-be want
to take men away from industry by
their iniquitious military service act.
But do.they!
Why Conscription?
Listen to thia, from the same source,
a suggestion to follow the course
adopted in Washington: "It was decided, across the line, that coal diggers
Bhould be exempt from conscription,
but when a man stopped digging, he
ceased to be a coal miner, and it is
aaid that a1 number of coal diggers who
were not working so that anybody
could notice found themselves applying
their practical knowledge to the excavation of model trenches." So now
we know why we are to have conscription!
Ridiculous Questions.
Even though every word of the
World's diatribe were true, and the
tainer only worked threo days a weekj
does he not do mow useful work for
society than a city purchasing ugent
or a newspaperman?
Is he not entitled to a motor car as
much as the lawyer, purchasing agent,
parson and all the rest of the dronest
If he got the full product of his toil
and the wasterB in society wore compelled to perform useful toil, he would
never need to work seven days in the
week, as some of the miners do.
That may bo news to the World, but
n certain amount of coal ia dug nearly
every Sunday.
If the miners' life is sjch a continual
round of pleasure, why do not somo,of
the "lilies of the field" come over to
the island and get a job? There is no
doubt that thoy could get a start, aa
some of the "highly-paid" mon over
here have been known to exploit the
labor of two nnd three back hands.
Easy Money, Little Work.
We will grant that there are a very
few men who make $7.50 a dny occasionally, but in doing so they crowd
enough work into one dny to lust nn
ordinary man at least three days. To
do this a man has to drill, blast and
load ut least 10 tons of material. The
greenhorns, who are so anxious to vilify the coal miner, must be told that
coal is not the only thing that grows in
a coal mine. There is such a thing as
rock to move out of the road; powdor
and caps to buy, and expensive tools
to keep up.
Then again there is sudden death
lurking at every turn. So, taking everything, into consideration, the minor's
life is not quite a garden of roses, and
four days a week is quite long enough
to work in a rathole, an ideal very few
have the privilege of attaining.
If, as the World says, the miner is
getting such high tonnage rates that
he can buy motor cars and still lay off
two or three days a week, why could
he not do all this before, for while
under the old rates of pay, the miner
got $1 and bought $1 worth of necessities with it. He now gets $1.15 nnd has
to buy $1.50 worth of necessities with
it. In other words, wages have increased about 15 per cont. and tho cost
of living has increased from 30 to 50
per cent.
So come again, Mr. World, and Mr.
City Purchasing Agent, and use your
brains for something cIbo than that of
concocting brain-storms.
It is refreshing these days to see how
the truth does sometimes stray into thc
Capitalist papers.. We have just read
from the columns of the World of a
good way to use the military Bervice
act, to force the lazy, miners down into
Practical
Coats ft
or
Wi
omen
Specially Inter-
esting Assortments at $19.50.
$22.50,$25.00
The woman who intends
purchasing a new coat
will take particular pleasure in viewing the splendid models shown herewith these we have exercised great care in the
matter of selection, paying particular attention
to the materials, the styles
and the desirability for
average requirements.
Represented are Blanket
Cloths, Tweeds and Smart
Checks in a wide variety
of wanted colors including greys, browns, greens,
tans and various popular
mixtures. All sizes for
women at $19.60, $22.50
and $25.00.
575 Granville 9hont Sey. 3540
their burrows. We have before remarked that military conscription was
but a prelude to industrial conscription,
and along comes the dear old World
and admits our contention.
(We also remarked that the registration scheme was a Prelude to conscription, and along comes the Daily Province, of Sept. 25, with a front-page
article telling us that statistics for the
conscription measure were compiled
from the National Service cards. So
there you are!    Right again.
Perhaps, in a hundred years or so,
these same papers will be telling us
that we are slaves, and ought to kick
the parasites off our backs. The
trouble with the subsidized press ia thnt
it always comes out with the truth a
few moves behind.
Change the Subject.
Well, we will let grundmother World
and Mrs. City Purchasing Agent rest
for the time and give u little news from
this part of the worW.
The millenimum is in sight at Nanaimo. Prohibition has '' arrove.''
Payday is on the 8th and 23rd of the
month. Whether tbe miners have run
out of gasoline or not, and the Western
Fuel company lias bought out a grocery
business in Nanuimo and;, is running a
company store, hasn't been found out
yet. Or whether -it is going to give a
Ford car with every purchase of a
pound of tea or not. That is about the
only way they will be able to get rid of
cars now, since all the miners have cars.
It is to be hoped that the company will
sell gasoline nnyway.
A company More in Nanaimo will be
a blessing to the masters, for the Henry
DubbB will be sure to fall for it. Whnt
a fine source of information it will be
for the boss? He will be able to know
exactly what it costs to feed his slaves,
and if said slave begins to feel a little
rebellious at some future date, how
easy ir will be to stop his meal ticket.
We in South Wellington, have slightly thc better of tho argunient on the
pay question. We have got a straight
fortnightly pay. Wo can't buy any
more booze, ho we nro fairly up against
it. We will have a puy every two weeks
and have nothing to spend it on, so
there is a first-class opening for an automobile salesman right here. We have
a]! got enrs. but we can start now and
give the "missus" and kiddles one
each. So perhaps City Purchasing
Agent Stuart would like to come over
and handle the agency.
...October 5,1M7
SHIP BUILDERS'
More Than 300 Delegates
at Kansas City for .
Sixteen Days
Treats Canada's Delegation
Liberally in Election
of Officers
Angus FraBer, secretary-treasurer of
Vancouver lodge, Brotherhood of Boiler
Makers and Iron Ship Builders and
Helpers, No. 104, returned during the
week from Kunsas City, Mo., where
he attended the big convention of Mb
organization as one of the fifteen delegates from Canada.
Sec.-Treas. Fraser, in conversation
with The Federationist yesterday, re-
portB that the international's member'
ship has increased during the past two
yeara from 10,000 to no less than 40,000.
Over 300 delegates were present)
hailing nil the way from the Panama
Canal zone in the south to Prince Bupert in the north.
A new office was created, that of assistant president, the dutieB of the
president requiring so much attention
away from headquarters that the
change became necessary.
The convention allotted an additional
vice-presidency to Canada. R. C. Mc-
Cutcheon, president of the C. P. R.
district board, Winnipeg, was elected
to the position, to co-operate with P.
Merrigan, the other vice-president of
Montreal.
A proposal to adopt an old age pen
sion plan for the membership was thoroughly discussed, but finally referred to
the executive to develop and present
to the next convention.
A change was made in the form of
collecting dues. Hereafter a triplicate
receipt form will replace the old due-
stamp system.
The convention lasted two weeks and
two days. The San Francisco and
Seattle delegations were "some pumpkins" in the deliberations of the big
assembly, both being well represented.*
The next convention, three years
hence, will again take place at Kansas
City.
POLITICAL POT
CALLED HIS LAST
CHAPEL MEETING
THE LATE ALFRED ENGLAND.
For somo yenn*. pust an active member of
Vancouver Ty|.*.tm.phlcal Union, whoso
death occurred (>nrly Tuesday morning and
who will bo liurifd tomorrow afternoon
at 2 o'clock under the auspices of No.
226, "Alf." Knftiand wan chairman of
the Dally Province chapel at the time of
his demise; nnd well deserved tho reapect
and confidence (,i hln fellow workers. As
make-ip" nn The Provinco he had many
times "turned n rule," called "time," or
nsertod n ".10" on liko occasions In the
lives of others.
Sir Robert Borden believes in voting
dead men. That was what got the Liberals in trouble in a recent provincial
bye-election in this city, though it has
always been a time-honored custom of
politicians here. However, they never
before openly professed the principle so
that, now thut Sir Robert has, it may
be expected thut a lot of politicians
who think that a man's vote should live
after him, will avow it openly.
The Daily Province, a few days ago,
in reference to Sir Robert's letter to
the New Bra league, said that Sir
Robert, in arguing the right of, relatives of soldiers to vote and the disfranchisement of women who do not
happen to be relatives of soldiers,
"drives home his argument with the
blunt fact that 30,000 men of the Canadian forces arc buried iu France and
Flanders, and tbeir votes cannot be
heard except through their immediate
relatives."
It might be suggested to Sir Robert
that there is a much ensier way of vot*'
ing the dead soldiers, and a surer way
for the government. Why not just voto
them all for Sir Robert Borden and his
gang of politicnl pirates, and let it go
nt that? When the election count is
mnde, why not just add 30,000 more
votes in "favor" of the inefficient Borden government?
However, Sir Robert, in his letter to
the New Era league, doesn 't make mention of tbe fact that if those 30,000
soldiers were alive and in condition to
vote today, the vast majority of them
would be against a government which
not only has given them the dirty end
of the stick since wnr was declared,
but that has brougbt woe and misery to
their dependents.
The Daily Sun, tbe other morning,
said Rev.- Principal Vance was "reticent" when asked if he would accept a
nomination as a " Win-tho-War" candidate. Trust Vance to bc "reticent"
on any nnd ull subjects which may be
to his own benefit. He's a good
preacher and speaker, and can raise the
roof about any subject at any time,
even "win the war"—though why a
flno, six-footer in bis sox like Vance
bas not been licking Germans these
many montbs past is something which a
lot of people probably would ask the
first time thc professor threw bis hat in
tho ring. A few of tho preachers have
acquitted themselves well. And some
of them, for bone nnd sinew, weren't
in Principal Vance's class. However,
there are otber ways of serving one's
eountry nnd one way is to get out and
boost the Borden government by using
the misfortunes of thc wnr for politicnl
purposes.
• .-.##
H. H. Stevens, M. P., returned home
a few days ago. Ho was asked if he
waB to be a candidate for the nomination in Burrard federal constituency.
Whah did H. H. sayf Why, be said he
was "in the hands of his friends."
# »   •
Won't it be a fine lot the "Winthe
War" politicians will have in the field
aB candidates?* That is, if they have
any candidates in the field at all. Donald E. McTaggart recently announced
that they wore "organizing" in Comox
riding, nnd expected to put a candidate
in the field there. Why not Donald?
It is understood be wont all the way to
England to join the army, passing up
the numerous recruiting offices here. He
was declnrcd medically unfit. That wub
three years ago. Will Donald try again?
Donald is secretnry of the movement,
and Professor Vance is president.
Dredgermen Meet.
A meeting of the Dredgermen's .local
was held at tho Labor Temple last
night. Last week the union reached an
ngreement with the Pacific Dredging
Co. for an increase of 25 cents, n day
all round and the strike wns settled.
A UNION STORB FOR UNION MEN
■L
NOW-
Winter Underwear
*> - It is not wise to wait too
/$$^r        A / l°ng   before   getting  your
JS "Winter Underwear.   Prices
will never be lower,   and
qualities   never  be   better,
visit our than at PreBeilt'  We would
BOYB' DEPARTMENT SSSSS    \?Tm™\\ ?*
-second noor renowned   English   Under-
-Second noor wear-Viking Gold Fleeee-
as the best procurable.
SHIRTS AND DRAWERS: Garment—Lightweight.       $3.60
Heavy $4.25
Combinations; Suit—Lightweight $7.00
Heavy $850
H"THE HOME OF HART SCHAFFNER&MARX CLOTHES"/)
153 HASTINGS ST.W,
FRATERNAL DELEGATE
TO LABOR CONGRESS
•:'r-ti.__WKoye\
__f' ■ ..-v.'.'*:'**
mW_T~.:...<&:X"'
.•^W
a'*'*. *.
___m
__¥-/.' •_____*-_
\_  '■ __t'   j
1 Hi
Ik^d
ik to
Jj
J.  WINSTONE
Who nttended the Ottawa convention of the
Tndes and Labor Congress of Canada, aa
fraternal delegate from the British Trades
Union Congress.
E
EREMONI
Wnr is  competition   carried   to  itB'
logical conclusion.
How Ontario Militarism Is
Making Canada "Safe
For Democracy"
The Federationist received a letter
yesterday from Toronto, conveying
news of interest to the Labor world
which evidently failed to find its way
into the daily press.   It reads:
Making Canada "Safe for Democracy."
Editor Federatlonist: Tbe national secretary of the Social-Democratic party in the
Dominion of Canada nuw lies In Jail, charged
with imblishinK a pamphlet written by Rev.
Irwin Sir John Tucker, entitled "The Price
We Pay." Mr. Balnbrldge on September 14
wrote to the dominion executive of the Social-
Democratic party the following letter:
"I am taking this opportunity of advising you that the crown attorney of Toronto
has laid a charge against me for circulating
a leaflet entitled, "The Price We Pay,
which is considered by him to be prejudicial
to recruiting. I was arrested oa Wednesday at 11 o'clock, shipped over to tbe city
hall, Toronto, charged, remanded and shipped over the Don to the central prison in
thi Black Maria, all ln the space of fifty
minutes. Owing to unforeseen circumstances
I was unable to procure legal advlae and
consequently hod to spend the night In jail
until my fiionds got me out at 8:80 the
following day. I may state that notwithstanding (ii'vi-riil attempts to get in touch
with my friends outside through the medium
of thoBe who were responsible for my arrest
my efforts proved unavailable, until such
time as a public announcement In the presB
had como to tho knowledge of my comrades
and they had taken action on their own
Initiative. It wan what I consider to be a
beautiful piece of railroading."
On the following Friday his case came up
again and. he nsked for a remand which
WAS granted for n week, the crown attorney
und the judgo refusing hall, wltb the result
that ho Is now in prison. The following
dialogue took place before Magistrate Dennlson;
"This man must be Insane," commented
Crown Attorney Corky. "Ho is not safe
to be at large. '
"Why not send him to tho Reception hospital then and have hii head examined by
the  doctors,"   suggested  His  Worship.
"That would bo a good idea," said Mr.
Coney.    But Balnbrldge's lawyer demurred.
"1 feel very strongly In this matter,"
said Mr. Corley, "and I don't think this
man should be allowed out to write the
things he has written against the king and
country. Wo are ln a crisis at present and
a man of this description should not be allowed to go about and sow sedition. Why,
in Germany he would lose his life if he committed tho offence with which he Ib charged
here/' .
'Take Balnbrldge Into custody," ordered
Magistrate Dennlson.
Mr. Balnbrldge has now been In prison
for a week. His case came up on September 26. Col. Dennison was absent from the
court and Magistrate Kingsford, an extreme
anti-socialist, who before the war and since
the war, has taken the platform against
socialists, refused to take the responsibility
for trying the case, with the result that be
has now been remanded for another week,
bail again being refused.
Truly the fight for democracy goes on,
Yours   sincerely,
J. McARTHUR CONNOR.
Toronto,  Sept. 28.
They say that socialism would
"break up the family"; but capitalism
keeps the family "broke."
ALF. H. ENGLAND
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & OO,
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
•10 OtUTltla Stnat
•It Haitian Slraal Waal
kino or BioroLss
Ther ara tha Until bit of workman-
hip In tha bicycle world; 8 different
model! In variety of colore.
Pricei from H2.60 to IS6.00, Ml
Mil paymenti If dailrid.
HASKINS * ELLIOTT
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
010 Howe St.     Ill Haitian Bt  W.
Popular Typo. Member of
Province Staff Pastes
His Last String
Announcement of the unexpected
death of A. H. Englnnd, which occurred
at an early hour Tuesday morning,
caused a profound shock to his mnny
friends in typographical union ranks as
well sb in and around Vancouver.
The deceased wus at his work in the
Provinco composing room, of which he
was chairman, on Monday, apparently
in the best of health. On returning to
his home in the evening he spent some
time giving attention to his garden, and
retired about 10 o'clock. About 1
o'clock he awakened suffering from
severe pains in tho head and suddenly
collapsed. Medical uid was promptly
summoned, but the 'unfortunate young
roan was beyond human power. A postmortem examination disclosed pontine
hemorrhage as the immediate cause of
death.
Alf., aB he was generally known by
his fellow workmen and associates, was
exceedingly well thought of by all with
whom he came in contact. He was born
at Hereford, England, April 14, 1880,
arrived in Canada about twelve years
ago, and after spending a short while
on the prairies, came on to Vancouver.
For upwards of ten yearB the late Mr.
England was au employee of the Province composing room. Always taking a
keen interest and active part in typographical union matters, he served ia
various official positions in the organization to which he.belonged, nom
1910 to 1912 he was delegate to the
Allied Printing Tradea Council, serving as secretary for two out of the
three years. He represented Vanconver Typographical union nt the 1912
convention of the International Typo-
graphical union held at Cleveland,
hio, was vice-president of the local
union in 1913, and nlso at one time
was a delegate to tho Trades and Labor council.
The sincere sympathy of the officers
nnd mombers of No. 226 is extended to
the widow who survives him.
Funeral services  will be conducted
from thc residence at Royal Oak, Bur*
nnby, on Saturday afternoon, at 3:15
'clock.
YOUR HEALTH DEFENDS
ON YOUR FOOD
Milk
It the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert, says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the faot that it is a oomplete food."
When you drink a glau of
milk, costing 2_e, you fortify
your body, with aa much energy
and nutriment aa you would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream,
Be Healthier,
Spend Less. ■
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